(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The medals of the masonic fraternity described and illustrated"

CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




FROM THE INCOME 

OF A BEQUEST 

MADE BY 

BENNO LOEWY 
1854-1919 



HS433 .M3™" """""'•" '-"'"'* 
^'"IlllMwSiiiimmSiiimli?®"'"''' 'raternity des 




on„.anx3 ^924 030 295 103 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924030295103 



THE MEDALS 



OF THE 



MASONIC FRATERNITY 



DESCRIBED AND ILLUSTRATED 




The Freemason's Ducat, 1745. 



WILLIAM T. R. MARVIN. 

A. B. AND A. M. WILLIAMS COLLEGE, MEMBER OF THE BOSTON NUMISMATIC SOCIETY, HONORARY MEMBER 

OF THE AMERICAN NUMISMATIC AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF NEW YORK, CORRESPONDING 

MElfBER OF THE NUMISMATIC AND ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA, ETC. 



BOSTON: 

PRIVATELY PRINTED. 
1880. 




ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY COPIES PRINTED. 



CoPYRrCHT, 1879, 

By W. T. R. MARVIN. 



WILLIAM POILLON, 



WHOSE READINESS 



TO HELP, AID AND ASSIST IN THE PREPARATION 



OF THIS VOLUME 



HAS BEEN CONSTANT AND UNFAILING, 



FRATERNALLY INSCRIBED. 



PREFACE. 




[O those who have been familiar with the manner in which the following 
Catalogue has gradually increased from a few numbers to its present length, 
an explanation of the way in which it has been compiled, will hardly be 
necessary. It seems proper to give to others the reason of the lack of sys- 
tematic arrangement, which will be evident to those whose interest in the subject leads 
them to look over its pages. The work was begun with little anticipation of the labor 
or magnitude of the task. An article on Masonic Medals, which was printed with some 
additions of my own, in the American jFournal of Numismatics, (Vol. X. page 30,) and 
reprinted in this volume, led to the suggestion that some one with more opportunities 
for the study than I possessed, should make a Catalogue of these interesting pieces. 
Several months elapsed, without response, when the editors of the journal received a 
very kind offer from Dr. Robert Morris, of La Grange, Kentucky, jsf the use of several 
cuts of Masonic Medals, and I undertook to prepare a description, based on some 
articles translated from the German of Zacharias, which had appeared years before, in 
a newspaper which he had conducted. It was then supposed that one, or at most two 
numbers of the yournal, would contain all that was needed. 

At the very outset, the references to Zacharias in these articles attracted my 
attention; the book was rare, and I could learn of no complete copy. There were a few 
of the parts in the Library of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, but that was all. 
The first and second articles were printed before I had any idea that more than forty or 
fifty Medals were accessible for study, or that it would be possible to verify the accuracy 



vi PREFACE. 

of the engravings of those I had not seen. When it was found that a third article 
would be required to complete the description, the suggestion was made by my friend 
Mr. Colburn, that I should reprint them in pamphlet form, not expecting to make a 
book of even forty-eight pages, and eighty copies were prepared. Soon after this I 
was able to purchase a copy of Zacharias, and at once discovered a number of errors 
in the translation. The only thing to do was to make a new translation, and correct 
them as far as possible. The same attention was then given to Merzdorf, the 
standard reference in Germany, for the description of Masonic Medals, which I pro- 
cured for the purpose ; so many pieces had then been catalogued, that it was im- 
possible to rearrange my list ; the pages already printed were however cancelled, 
and further corrections made ; how extensive these were, a comparison of the first fifty 
pages of this book with the corresponding numbers in the Journal, will reveal to any 
one who cares to know. I mention these facts to show that no endeavor has been 
wanting to make the catalogue as correct as possible, yet with all this a long list of 
notes and corrections has been found necessary. With the reprint, the edition was 
increased to one hundred and sixty. 

So much of the story of the preparation of the book may serve to explain the 
want of system in arranging the Medals, of which I am painfully conscious. The only 
amend for this in my power to make will be found in the Indices, which it is hoped are 
sufficiently full to enable any one, knowing the Legend, or Lodge, or even Merzdorf 's 
reference to any Medal herein catalogued, to turn at once to the page and number 
which describes it. 

Some of the engravings have been loaned me by Dr. Morris ; others by the 
Masonic Publishing Company, of New York ; while many more have been prepared, or 
legends added, expressly for this work. It would have been gratifying had I been able 
to illustrate more of the Medals, but this was out of my power, for several reasons. 
Still it is believed that most of those which have been engraved, have each some special 
point of rari_ty or interest. On a few, members of the fraternity will recognize allusions 
which will pass unnoticed by those without ; others tell their own story by symbols 
which need no translation. It would be interesting, had I the space, to take up some 
of the engravings, and by means of them to trace the influence, as there displayed, 
which the rites of the so-called High degrees have had on the simpler emblems of 
Ancient Masonry, but a mere reference to a few must suffice. 

The illustration of the obverse of CCCCXV shows the combination of the square 
and compasses with the blazing star between, familiar to every Mason ; while on the 
reverse appears the Templar Cross, as used in the rite of Strict Observance. On 



PREFACE. vii 

CCLVIII are the emblems of Faith, Hope, and Charity, struck before the birth of an 
Order which now claims them as peculiarly its own, but which are no longer found as 
specifically ]\Iasonic in our Trestle boards ; on CCLXII the symbols of Ancient 
Masonry are placed side by side with those of the Royal Arch ; on CCLVI are dis- 
played the cross and cypher of Masonic Knights Templar, the latter now unknown, I 
venture to believe, to most of the " valiant and magnanimous Order." On the French 
Medals especially, these parasites of Masonry have had the greatest prominence. The 
reverse of XCI hints at the influence of the so-called Scottish, or Ancient and Ac- 
cepted rite ; while that of LIX has incorporated the serpent of the rite of Misraim 
or of Memphis, well styled by Findel " a monster of Freemasonry." On many more, 
not illustrated, these emblems might be pointed out, but this the reader will, doubtless 
discover. It may not be out of place to give the meaning of some of them, as explained 
in a publication* of the " Sovereign Sanctuary of Ancient and Primitive Free- 
masonry, (!!)" (Rite of Memphis,) although it it is not recognized by high authority 
as legitimate Masonry. In this rite, the laurel is said to allude to the victory to be 
gained over the passions ; the olive is a symbol of the peace and unity which should 
prevail among the brethren : the serpent forming a circle, " represents the immensity of 
the power of God, which has neither beginning or end." The double triangle alludes 
to the "signet of Solomon," while the intersecting deltas formed by it, typify "fire and 
water, prayer and remission, creation and redemption, life and death, resurrection and 
judgment." The T H, or triple Tau, is stated to mean among other things, Temp- 
lum Hierosolymae, the Temple at Jerusalem, and also to signify the " Key of Knowl- 
edge." The connection between this emblem and the "Nile Key" or "Nilometer" 
(see CLXXII) is also traced in the lectures of the rite. The letters "I N R I" have 
a different meaning from that given them in the Ancient and Accepted, Scottish, 
(or the so-called American rite, including the Knight Templar degree,) and signify 
Justitia nunc regit itnperia. The myrtle is " found blooming " in some of the grades, 
as the acacia is in the York rite. 

In a curious work by the late George Oliver, D. D., of England,! will be found 
many explanations of symbols, the occult meaning of which in other rites differs consid- 
erably from that which the same emblems possess when used in the York rite. The 
compasses, suspended by a white ribbon, he regards as the united symbol of purity and 
wisdom. In the third degree of the French rite, he finds a " Triad of precious jewels," 
— the Holy Gospel, the compasses and mallet. The Gospel is truth, the compasses 

* Issued at Peoria, Illinois, 1867, Cremer & Spalding, t Discrepancies of Freemasonry, London, 1875 = '"^'^ 
Printers. PP- 118 and 124. 



viii PREFACE. 

typify justice, and the mallet is a proper appendage to wisdom. A great many others, 
with their significance in English Masonry, will be found here and there in the same 
volume, as well as several explanations of the cyphers once so extensively used in 
various grades of the " High degrees." 

The influence of the mysticism of the last century on Freemasonry was nowhere 
felt so deeply as in the degrees of the Swedish rite and those of the German Lodges 
founded by Zinnendorf, or practicing his rite. This is referred to in the notes* on the 
Swedish Medals ; but while the work of many of those degrees', and especially those 
"beyond" the Lodge, is full of types, — some specifically Christian or Jewish, others 
gnostic or philosophic in their allusions, — yet the Medals are singularly free from them, 
and bear, only those well known symbols which speak the universal language of the 
whole brotherhood wheresoever dispersed. 

The study of these pieces, like that of any specialty, has had peculiar difiSculties. 
A very large proportion give no evidence of the occasion which evoked them, upon a 
casual examination. For instance, on CCCLXI, Merzdorf considers the figures on the 
reverse to typify Wisdom, Strength and Beauty. In a note on this Medal, I have 
ventured to suggest that they rather allude to the three Grand Lodges of Germany, and 
further investigations seem to confirm this, for in 1838 a friendly compact had been 
made between them, and in 1839 ^ Grand Master's Union of these three bodies had 
been formed, and in the following year Prince William of Prussia received the degrees 
of Freemasonry from the Union, in the Hall of the Grand Lodge of Germany, as 
commemorated by CCCLXIV. There are also many points of Masonic history, eluci- 
dated by these Medals, which would repay careful study, and which on many accounts I 
should gladly have entered upon ; yet this would have involved a work of greater 
magnitude than I have contemplated. Occasionally, where it was possible to add some 
biographic or historic fact, which would lend additional interest to the Medal, I have 
done so in the foot notes ; others are mentioned in the Notes and Corrections at the 
close of the book. For many of the facts thus alluded to, I have relied on Findel and 
Rebold's Histories. Others, like CCCXCVH for instance, I have been unable to 
explain.! I can hardly hope to have escaped errors that wider opportunities for investi- 

* See also Notes 280 and following. divided among his sons ; one received Saxe-Gotha Alten- 

t The intermarriages of Ihe different descendants of the bm-g, another, Saxe-Meiningen, a third, Saxe-Hildburg- 

Dukes of Saxony, and the redistribution or interchange of hausen, and a fourth, Saxe-Coburg Saalfeld. In 1782, 

territory, make it extremely difficult, if not impossible, to George Frederick was the reigning duke of SaxeMeinin- 

trace any line of descent, with certainty, by any authori. gen Hildburghausen, who died in 1804, and was succeeded 

ties I have been able to consult. As an example, this very by Bernhard, as I learn from Woodward & Gates Cyclo- 

piece may be taken. On the death of Ernest,, the Pious, pedia of Chronology. The territory thus has apparently 

m 1679, (Uuke of Saxe-Gotha Cohurg,) the dukedom was changed owners, perhaps because George Frederick had 



PREFACE. ix 

gation might have avoided. In some cases, not necessary to specify, dates upon Medals 
have been followed, rather than those given by authors regarded as high authority, but 
these are few, and I shall be glad if my own mistakes are not more numerous. 

On quite a number of Medals, — German, French, and Colonial, as well as Scotch, 
English, and one at least of our own country, will be found the Arms of the Freemasons. 
On IX, one of the oldest German pieces, are the Arms of the " Modern " Masons, struck 
but a short time after the schism, and before the "Ancients" had assumed any ; this is, 
so far as I know, the earliest use of these Arms upon a Medal. On XXVI appear the 
Arms of the Grand Lodge of Canada, derived from that of the United Grand Lodge 
of England; XXXII displays those of the Grand Lodge of Scotland in its earlier days. 
CCXL, a French Medal, bears a modification of the same ; XXXVIII has those of the 
Grand Lodge of New York, virtually the same as those of the " Ancients " before the 
Union. LXII shows them as formerly used in England ; and others still might be 
mentioned. From the general use of these Arms, which yet vary in the arrangement 
of color, crests, or have some other points of difference, it seemed proper to add a 
chapter on their origin and history, which it is hoped will be found of value, especially 
as little if any attention has heretofore been given to it. The mere heraldic use of 
Masonic emblems, as on the Medal of St. John's Commandery, (XVII) and many others, 
I have thought it unnecessary to criticise, or refer to, except in a general way, although 
it will be evident to all who are familiar with the laws of heraldry, that they have been 
frequently ignored altogether by those who prepared the dies. Where they have been 
followed with knowledge and care, as especially on one Medal of Holland, (CCIV,) the 
effect has been very fine. 

The co-operation which I have received in my labor has been far beyond what I could 
have hoped, and I desire gratefully to recognize it. Mr. G. F. Ulex, of Hamburg, 
Germany, has secured for me many rare foreign pieces. Mons. Eugene Vienot, of 
Rouen, Messrs. Hubert and De Prins, of Paris, prominent members of the Fraternity 
in France, and Mr. William J. Hughan, of Truro, Cornwall, England, have supplied me 
with information on various points regarding French and English Medals never before 
described. Mr. E. T. Carson, of Cincinnati, and Hon. George H. Farrier, of Jersey 
City, have kindly loaned me pieces from their collections. Mr. S. K. Harzfeld, of 

succeeded his brother Augustas Frederick; the inference has the name of Friedrich IV. upon it. Aside from a still 

of course is that the elder brother had no son, or if other- further rearrangement of Saxon territory, which appears 

wise, that his direct heir had deceased. I suppose that in the investigation of that piece, as mentioned in Note 

the latter is probably the case, and that the Joseph, hon- 242, the prince just named reigned for a few weeks only, 

ored by the Medal, was the son of Augustus, and died in and is mentioned in but one authority which I could find, 

childhood; but to arrive at any absolute certainty on such (Queen Victoria's Memoirs of the Prince Consort,) and 

points seems a hopeless task and out of place. even there he is not named. 
Similar difficulties attended the study of CCCXC, which 



X PREFACE. 

Philadelphia, and Mr. E. Frossard, of Irvington, N. Y., have repeatedly placed many 
rare and interesting foreign Medals in my hands for inspection, and Mr. Gottfried W. 
Schramm, the presiding Master of Pythagoras Lodge, of Brooklyn, N. Y., most court- 
eously devoted many hours to give me the opportunity of studying the valuable collec- 
tion of that body. Mr. William S. Appleton and Mr. Jeremiah Colburn, of Boston, 
have frequently aided me with valuable hints or suggestions, or with Medals from their 
private collections, and Mr. William Poillon, of New York, has so often and so willingly 
assisted me, not merely with loans from his own extensive collection, but in so many 
ways, that he has laid not only me, but all who are interested in Masonic Numismatics, 
under lasting obligations. To these gentlemen, and to all who have aided me in the 
work, my thankful acknowledgments of their services are due. With these words of 
personal explanation, the volume is commended to the forbearance of its critics and the 
good will of its friends. 



e> 



W. T. R. Marvin. 
St. John's Day, 1879. 





PLATE I. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 




JASONIC Medals have attracted but little attention from 
American numismatists, and comparatively few collectors 
have interested themselves in their study. Two German 
works describing these Medals have been issued, which I 
have used in preparing the following pages. The first book 
exclusively devoted to the subject, so far as I am informed, 
was entitled " Numotheca Numismatica Latomorum," by 
Ernest Zacharias, and is now quite rare. It was issued at Dresden in parts, 
the first of which appeared September 13, 1840, and the eighth and last, 
January 29, 1846. Each part contained engravings of six Medals, with full 
descriptions, and some reference generally to the occasion for which they 
were struck. A translation of many of these descriptions, with copies of the 
engravings, appeared in the columns of the " American Freemason," (pub- 
lished in Louisville, Ky., and New York,) of October i5, i855, and following 
numbers. They were substantially reprinted in the " Quarterly Review of 
Freemasonry," and also in a series of twelve newspaper articles in the New 
York Despatch, with comments on the significance of the symbols used on 
the Medals, by Dr. Robert Morris, and many of the engravings used to 
illustrate the following pages, have been kindly loaned to me by that inde- 



8 MASONIC MEDALS. 

fatigable student of Masonic history. These articles have more recently 
been reprinted in a volume, with other matter, but very carelessly. 

The other work to which I have alluded, is by far the most elaborate 
which has yet appeared on this subject : it is entitled " Die Denkmunzen der 
Freimaurerbruderschaft, verzeichnet und beschrieben," and was prepared by 
the late Dr. J. F. L. Th. Merzdorf, of Oldenburg, Germany, in which city it 
was published in i85i. His position as Librarian to the Grand Duke of 
Oldenburg gave him great facilities for consulting authorities, and the volume 
contains, with the introduction, one hundred and eighty-one pages, an engrav- 
ing of two very rare Medals, and descriptions of three hundred and thirty-four, 
the classification of which is given in an article by Norton, quoted below. It 
is a full and in most cases a very accurate list of the Medals which have been 
struck by the Masonic Fraternity, systematically arranged, and so complete 
that it is referred to for descriptions, in almost every case where these Medals 
are offered for sale on the continent. 

Four of the pieces described by Zacharias are denied a place among 
Masonic Medals by Merzdorf, but after a careful examination, I have thought 
it proper to include two of them, as they are undoubtedly closely allied to 
Masonics, and the other two will be found mentioned in the notes. 

Beside the articles already mentioned as having appeared in this country, 
" Norton's Literary Letter," No. 4, pubHshed in New York in i859, contained 
a paper which led to the preparation for the " American Journal of Numis- 
matics," of a portion of this work, and as it contains some interesting facts, 
as well as references to other writers on the subject, not mentioned above, 
I reprint it here : — 

Few persons, even members of the Fraternity, in this country, are aware 
of the number of Masonic Medals which have been struck during the last 
hundred and twenty-five years, by the Lodges of Freemasons or by individual 
members of the Society ; nor of the interest taken in this subject, more 
especially by the European Lodges, many of whom have large and valuable 
cabinets. We propose to give a brief sketch of this branch of Numismatics. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 9 

The oldest Masonic Medal known, is mentioned by Schroeder, in his 
" Materialen," I. 37 ; by Ridel, in his article on " Medals ;" by Zacharias, in 
his " Ntimotheca Numismatica Latomorum," I. ; and by Merzdorf, p. 116; and 
is a silver Medal of Lord Charles Sackville, Duke of Middlesex, who in 1733, 
without authority founded a Lodge at Florence, in commemoration of which 
event this Medal was struck." Zacharias asserts that the Lodge Minerva, at 
Leipsic, was in possession of a specimen ; but Merzdorf, who had a leaden 
copy of it, states that it has disappeared, and that the only original specimen is 
preserved in the Hammerstein Collection. Merzdorf also mentions a Roman 
Medal of 1742.^ Hamburg next claims priority in regard to the antiquity of 
her Masonic Medals. The oldest, bearing the legend " Fades siipremi eadem," 
has no date, but in the Essen Catalogue is attributed to the year 1740; a 
second dates from 1742, a third from 1743, and a fourth from 1745, — all of 
.silver. Besides these Hamburg medals, Merzdorf mentions a bronze Frank- 
fort Medal, of the Lodge " Einigkeit," of 1742 ; a Brunswick Medal of silver 
and gold of 1744 ; and one of 1745 — which, under the name of " Freemasons' 
Ducats," appear to have been used as school premiums. He also mentions 
three from Halle of 1744, i745, and 1747, the only ones ever struck in that 
city. The above comprise all the German Medals struck during the first half 
of the eighteenth century.' 

According to Merzdorf, the oldest English Medals are — one of 1760,'* 
without name of place of coinage; one of Exeter, 1766; one of London, 
without date, and another of 1766. 

France contributes four^ of Paris, — 1760, 1769, 1773, and 1776 ; and one 
of Rheims, 1776. 

1 We commence our Catalogue with this, as the oldest see VI. I have in my collection a very interesting and 
known Masonic Medal. curious Medal, which was given me by Mr. Thomas P. 

2 This Medal is properly classed as Roman,' having Ritchie of Brookline. It was the means of attracting me 
been struck in Rome ; it was in honor of Martin Folkes, a to the study of Masonic Medals, and has a peculiar interest 
distinguished English numismatist, and as such is some- from the fact, which I have recently learned, that it was 
limes numbered among English Medals. formerly the property of Henry Price, the firet Provincial 

3 Norton is' not correct in this statement. He over- Grand Master of Masons in New England and North 
looks one of Mecklenburg, struck in October, 1747, which America. Tliis Medal, which I have occasionally referred 
will be found in this Catalogue, and is mentioned by to on the following pages as the Ritchie Medal, is of 
Merzdorf, page 33- English origin, and has the date 5763. It is described at 

4 In the following Catalogue will be found an English,- length under No. LXI. 

or possibly a Scotch Medal,, which' was struck in 1755; $ Norton overlooks some Medals of Pans, m this state- 



lo MASONIC MEDALS. 

Belgium furnishes one of 1757, with the impress of Brussels. 

Holland, one from the Hague, of 1779.^ 

6z£/^flfe;2 has Medals of 1746, 1753, 1762, 1768, 1780, 1785, 1787, 1792, 
and only two others since the commencement of the present century.^ 

The Russian Medals are limited to four,^ of the dates i775, 1780, 1781 ; 
and in Moldavia we find one struck, at Jassy, in i774- 

Italy offers but two Medals of the eighteenth century, — the Florentine 
Medal of 1733 and the Roman of 1742, both before alluded to. 

Two Spanish Medals were coined at Madrid, in 1809 and 181 1. according 
to Merzdorf. 

North America has but one Medal of the last century, — struck in 1797. 

The Masonic Medals of Asia are all very modern, and are derived from 
the Lodges established by the English in the East Indies. 

In regard to the total number of Masonic Medals, Thory, in his "Histoire. 
de la Fondation du Grand Orient de France," p. 336, estimates it at two 
hundred, commencing with the year 1720. Zacharias, in his " Numotheca," 
gives drawings of forty-eight different Medals. Merzdorf mentions in all 
three hundred and thirty-four, besides nine others which cannot be strictly 
termed Masonic, — as, for instance, a Me-dal of Melancthon. This total is 
made up as follows: — Germany, 96; England, 14; France, 161; Holland 
and Belgium, 26 ; Denmark, i ; Sweden, 11 ; Russia, 4 ; Moldavia, i ; Italy, 
9 ; Spain, 2 ; America, 5 ; Asia, 4. 

The first cabinet of Masonic Medals was commenced by the Lodge 
" Eintracht," at Vienna about the year 1784. Other collections were subse- 
quently made at Rostock, Leipsic, and Hamburg. Private collections were 
also in the possession of Bros, von Eck, Zacharias, -von Hammerstein, and 
Merzdorf. The largest cabinet at present is that of the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of Mecklenburg, at Rostock, and contains three hundred and twenty- 

ment, as Merzdorf mentions two of the dale of 1773, and 6 In naming the more ancient Medals, Nortoii overlooks 

one of 1775. That of 1776 is interesting to Americans, one of Denmark, which was struck in Copenhagen in 

not only from the dale, but from the fact that the Lodge 1749. - 

of the Nine Muses, Ijy which it was struck, included 7 One dated 1818, and the other, 1843. 

Benjamm Fraiikhn among its members. The Medal is . 8 1 have a Russian Medal, struck in Moscow, in 1776- 

LVII on this Catalogue. . XLVIII in the following list, not known to Merzdorf. 



MASONIC MEDALS. ii 

four specimens of Medals, exclusively Masonic, besides a number of mystical 
and other Medals. The next in importance are the cabinets of the Lodges 
Apollo and Minerva at Leipsic. In this country, the Lodge Pythagoras, at 
Brooklyn, L. L, has a collection of about two hundred specimens. 

A Masonic Halfpenny Token, of 1796, commemorative of the election of 
the Prince of Wales as Grand Master, appears to have been in circulation as 
money, and is mentioned by Appel, Thory, and Zacharias. There are several 
varieties of it extant, four of which differ only in the inscription around the 

edge,^ viz: — i. Masonic Token, L Scetchley fecit x ; 2. Half-penny, 

payable at the Black Horse, Tower-hill ; 3. A Masonic Token, J. Sketchley, 
Birmingham, fecit ; 4. Masonic Token, Nitchley fecit, 1794. 

A fifth variety has on the obverse a square and compass, with the legend 
" Pro bono publico." On the reverse, the initials " T. H. B." the date " i795," 
and the legend " Easi Grimstead Half-penny!' Around the edge, " Payable 
at T. H. Boorman." 

There are two classes of Masonic Medals, under one or the other of 
which nearly all of them will find a place. The first includes those struck in 
honor of some distinguished member of the Fraternity, or of some event of 
interest to the Brotherhood. A large proportion of the German Masonics, 
and s^ome of the French, properly belong under this head. The second 
embraces the Medals struck by various Masonic bodies, and the "Members' 
jewels," as they are usually called in this country,- — Logen-zeichen or 
Lodge tokens, being the name given them in Germany, — and to this class 
we should assign most of the French Medals, nearly all the English, of which 
the number seems to be exceedingly small, and many American Medals. 
These are usually struck from a die belonging to the Lodge, and often 
worn suspended from the lapel of the coat, as a badge of membership by 

9 There are Masonic Pennies, which are much more has a bust of the Duke of York ; others are found with 

rare than these Tokens, and of several types. Batty .'s bust of Prince of Wales, [George IV,] and there are also 

"Catalogue of the Copper Coinage of Great Britain," &c., some trifling differences in the dies, but not enough to 

gives. two Ma.sonic Pennies, and a great variety of the warrant special mention. These various Tokens will be 

Half-pennies, diSering not merely in the inscription on the described in the following pages, 
edge, but also in the dies of the obverse or reverse ; one 



12 MASONIC MEDALS. 

brethren in attendance on the communications of- their own Lodge or when 
visiting a sister Lodge. Many of these Lodge -jewels have an obverse struck 
in a die, while the reverse is plain or has the owner's name and date of 
admission to membership engraved upon it. Examples of these are the 
badge of St. John's Lodge, Boston, the oldest Lodge in America, which is 
a shield ; those of St. Andrew's, Columbian, and other Lodges in the same 
city, which will be described hereafter. Some Lodges wear an engraved 
Medal, but with the single exception of an American Masonic Medal, the 
reason for which appears under H, I have aimed to exclude all such from my 
list. They can be supplied at a few hours' notice by any silversmith, and 
this Catalogue would be extended beyond all proper limits by an attempt to 
describe them. There are many engraved " Mark Masters' Medals," having 
the letters h t w s s t k s, in a circle, with the owner's private " mark " 
within, and it will at once be seen that there can be no ass.ignable limit to 
those which might be prepared of this description alone. 

Various estimates have been made of the number of Masonic Medals 
which have been struck, and Norton quotes some of them. Such attempts 
can at best do nothing more than approximate the number, which undoubtedly 
exceeds' any of those above mentioned. In the following Catalogue will 
be found descriptions of several which have escaped the careful researches of 
Merzdorf; others, which he had heard of but never seen, I have been 
fortunate enough to obtain and describe ; yet there are many more, which I 
have found in Catalogues of Coin Sales, with the corhment, " omitted by ' 
Merzdorf," but with no description, except perhaps a mention of the place 
where they were struck, — that have evaded all my attempts to investigate. 
There is occasionally an account of laying some corner stone of a Masonic 
Temple, which mentions a Medal : for instance, in the year 1868, on the 24th 
of June, the corner stone of the grand Masonic Temple in Philadelphia was 
laid with appropriate ceremonies. Among the articles deposited in it were 
the English copper Masonic Token or Half-penny struck in 1790, a silver 
Medal of Past Grand Master Peter Williamson, the thirty-fourth Grand 
Master, and at that time Treasurer,, of the Pennsylvania Grand Lodge, "a 



MASONIC MEDALS. 13 

gold Masonic Medal ' Keystone,' " and a " gold Masonic Medal, (circle)." We 
have no information of what these last Medals were, and whether engraved 
or struck for the occasion, we cannot tell. This is one of many cases which I 
might cite, where the efforts that I have been able to make have met with no 
success, and the same difficulty has been experienced by Thory, and others 
whom I have already named. 

The mere list of authorities consulted by Merzdorf occupies ten pages of 
his Catalogue, and he assures his readers that he has carefully examined at 
least as many more, in the hope of finding something — even if it be of only 
trifling value, to give him a clue to other Medals. The new Masonic Medals 
which are constantly appearing, and these references to older ones I have 
alluded to, show how hopeless a task he undertakes wIto should attempt to 
describe all that have been issued, even to the present time. 

Masonic collections are few. One of the best in this country is that of 
the Lodge Pythagoras, a German Lodge, under authority, I believe, of the 
Prussian Grand Lodge of the Three Globes, and holding its meetings in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. This has been mentioned in the article quoted above from 
Norton. The collection is still in possession of the Lodge, and has received 
many valuable accessions since that classification was made ; but the precise 
number of pieces which it now has, I am unable to give, the Lodge having 
but recently removed to new apartments, so that its cabinet is not at present 
accessible.'" 

The late Dr. Lewis, of Boston, had a good collection, and I am 
informed that Professor Anthon, President of the American Numismatic 
and Archaeological Society of New York, has a considerable number of 
specimens. 

In this Catalogue I have, whenever able, given the size of Medals by the 
American scale, (sixteenths of an inch) and also the metal. The fact, however, 
that but one metal may be named, merely shows that I have found no mention 
of any other. 

10 In 1858 this collection contained one hundred and many, 63; Holland, 16; Sweden, 10; Italy, 5; England, 
seventy-one Medals, as follows: from France, 70; Ger- 3; Russia, 2; Belgium and America, I each. 



14 MASONIC MEDALS. 

I. Probably the oldest' Masonic Medal extant, is that struck in com- 
memoration of the foundation of a Lodge in Florence by Lord Charles 
Sackville, Duke of Middlesex, in the year 1733. He was 'the great grandson 
of Thomas Sackville, who in i56i was Grand Master of the Masons acknowl- 
edging the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of York.' Engravings of this 
Medal are given in the "Numotheca" of Zacharias, No. i ; in Kohler's "Munz- 
Belustigungen," part 8, p. 129 ; in Bode's " Pocket Book," (1777, No. i,) and 
an impression in silver formerly existed in the valuable collection of Masonic 
Medals in possession of the Lodge Minerva of the Three Palms, at Leipsic, 
but is said to have disappeared. Obverse, Bust of Lord Sackville, to right. 
Legend, carolvs • sackville • maglster • fl. Under the bust, l. natter 
1733. Reverse, (Figure 3) Harpocrates, the god of silence, leaning upon a 
broken column, on his head a crown of lotus ; in his left hand he holds a 
cornucopia. At his feet are the cubic stone, square and compasses on the 
right, and on the left the mystic chest, with a serpent and thyrsus, and other 
Masonic emblems. Legend, -s-ab • origine* In exergue, l- natter -f- 
florent • in two lines. Struck in silver ; some casts have been taken in 
lead. This Medal is extremely rare. Merzdorf says but one specimen is 
known, which was in the Hammerstein collection. 

IL One of the earliest, if not the very earliest of the Masonic Medals of 
America, is one presented by Union Lodge, Danbury, Conn., to a son of one 
of their members. Obverse, Two pillars on either side of a dais, approached 
by three steps ; that on the right, of the Ionic, and that on the left, of the 
Corinthian order ; their capitals adorned with cubes. On the dais, three burn- 
ing tapers, over which are the Bible, square and compasses. At the top, 
within a semicircle of rays, the All-seeing eye, and a triangle with the letter 
G. On the right and left of the pillars are various Masonic working tools. 
Above, on. the right, the moon and seven stars, and on the left the sun. In 
the exergue, a coffin, spade, hour-glass and scythe. (Figure 4.) The reverse 
has an inscription engraved as follows : — " This Medal is presented by Union 
Lodge, Danbury, to William A. Babcock, son of their much esteemed Brother, 
Christopher A. Babcock, deceased, 1794." The gentleman to whom it was 



MASONIC MEDALS. 15 

presented, was the son of Dr. Babcock, a surgeon in the Continental Army, 
who was stationed at Danbury, Ct.. in the Revolutionary war. When the 
British forces attacked that place, General Wooster was mortally wounded, 
and Dr. Babcock was with him, attending him. He was initiated into Union 
Lodge of Danbury, under the mastership of General Wooster, and that Lodge 
on hearing of Dr. Babcock's death, which occurred in Newport, R. I., shortly 
after, voted that a Medal in honor of his memory should be presented to bis 
infant son, and this was prepared for that purpose. 

I have little doubt that this is an engraved Medal, but have included it in 
my list, from the fact that it is the oldest American Masonic Medal with 
which I am acquainted. 

in. Medal struck in honor of Charles Augustus Boettiger. Obverse, 
Naked bust of Boettiger to left. Lesfend, car. avg. boettigervs senex 
sEPTVAGEXARivs On the edge of the bust in very small letters, krueger. 
Below the bust, in two semi-circular lines, dresdae d. viii mens, ivnii cid 
10 cccxxx Reverse, A man, seated on the inverted capital of a column, 
and leaning upon his right arm, studies the devices upon a square pillar at the 
left. On top of the pillar is a winged sphinx ; at the foot an ancient lamp ; 
on the side are two figures, one a man with arms extended, the other a 
fefnale with a shield on her left arm, and a scroll falling from her right hand ; 
in the background is a vase. These designs refer to that department of 
study, Egyptian antiquities, to which Boettiger was chiefly devoted. Legend, 
antiqva novis componere sollers. (Skilled in comparing the old with the 
new.) In exergue, ataohi tyxhi. (To good fortune). [Figure 5.] The 
dies of this Medal are very finely cut. Silver and bronze. Size 25. This 
and the following are excluded by Merzdorf from his list as not Masonic. 

Boettiger, in whose honor this Medal was struck, was born in Saxony, 
according to Zacharias, June 8, 1761, but the following Medal gives the date 
of his birth as 1760. He was made a Mason in the Lodge The Golden 
Apple, of Dresden, November 8, 1781, and on the semi-centennial anniversary 
of his initiation, he was presented with this Medal struck in honor of his 
seventieth birthday. 



i6 MASONIC MEDALS. 

IV. Obverse, Boettiger to the right, clothed in a coat trimmed with 
fur. Legend, c. a. boettiger nat. viii ivn. mdcclx ♦ mort. xviii nov, 
MDCCCxxxv ♦ Reverse, An owl, as the emblem of the goddess of wisdom, 
on a branch of laurel', unrolls the scroll containing the record of his life, which 
may allude to the roll used in the funeral ceremonies of the Order. [Figure 
6.] Legend, discipvlis gavdens et priscae fontibus artis. (Rejoicing in 
his disciples, and in the sources of ancient art.) In small letters at the 
bottom, F. KoNiG FEC. Konig, the designer of this Medal, was the engraver 
at the Saxony Mint. Silver and copper. Size 22. 

This Medal was struck in honor of the memory of Boettiger, by his 
Masonic brethren and friends. Zacharias gives engravings of both this and 
the preceding Medal. It has perhaps less claim to be included in a cata- 
logue of Masonics than III., but Zacharias gives a Masonic origin to both, and 
they are so closely connected that I insert them. 

V. Medal struck in 1 744, in honor of the establishment in February of 
that year, of a Lodge at Brunswick, called " Jonathan of the Pillar," which 
was opened on the feast of St. John the Evangelist's Day, following. Von 
Kissleben acting as Master. Obverse, David and Jonathan embracing each 
other" near the stone Ezel, (see ist Samuel, chap. 20,) beside which are 
Masonic implements. Legend, idem velle. idem nolle. (Desiring the 
same things, disliking the same things.) In exergue, soc. mvrar. fvnd. 
BRVNSv. D. 12 febr. 5744. i" three lines. On the right, just above the 
exergue, i. l. h. Reverse, A beehive resting on a square pillar, surrounded 
by bees ; on the right in the distance, a tree ; on the left in the foreground, 
a broken trunk. Legend, odi profanvm vvlgvs et arced. (I hate the 
profane populace, and keep them at a distance.) In exergue, soc. mvr. 
CONSTIT. BRvNsv. D. 27 DEC. 6744. in three lines. [Figure 7.J Silver. 
Size 22. 

VI. Medal struck in dies upon a thin planchet, and the field afterwards. 

11 There are at least three Medals, with obverse quite fourth, with obverse, clasped hands, in a circle formed by - 

M^ Lf;.'" M^"^'{ "^^. "Inverse of this which are not a snake, and the inscription in German, "Our friendship 

Fd^n^lh'iJM^H^' sometimes taken to be,) but merely shall endure," and reverse, the sun, moon, stars, A 

Friendship Medals, as IS shown by their legends. Meiz- earth, and legend, "until all these decay." This is 

dorf p. 10, gives descriptions of these, and also of a also a " Friendship Medal, " and not Masonic. 






V. Obv. 



V. Rev. 




VI. 





VII. 




IX. Obv. 




IX. Rev. 



PLATE II. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 17 

cut out, leaving the emblems. Obverse, A circle, within which a large G ; on 
the curve of the G, Veritas est intus (Truth is within). Within the letter 
are the square, compasses, level, plumb, twenty-four inch gauge, the Bible, 
and a scroll with a sketch of the forty-seventh proposition of Euclid upon it. 
Legend,, on the circle, at the top, a. l. 5755. and at the bottom, virtuti • 
et • siLENTio - [By virtue and silence.] Reverse, as the obverse, except that 
the G is of course curved exactly opposite to the proper way ; the various 
emblems are the same on both sides. [Figure 8.J Silver. 

Many of the English Lodge Medals are of this character, but the motto 
or legend on them is most frequently amor, honor et justitia, as on the 
Prince of Wales token, and others which will be noticed hereafter."' If this 
be an English Medal, it is, I believe, the oldest yet catalogued. There is a 
Scotch Medal, the date of which I have not been able to ascertain, (XXXII 
in this Catalogue.) but evidently very ancient, which has upon it amicitia 
virtute et silentia, which leads me to think that possibly this may be a 
member's Medal of some Scottish Lodge. 

VII. Medal struck to commemorate the election of Duke Ferdinand of 

t 

Brunswick to the office of General Grand Master,'^ under the rite of " Strict 
Observance," at the time of the union of the German Lodges, July 16, 1782. 
Obverse, Naked bust of Ferdinand to right. Legend, Ferdinand, dvx. 
BRVNS. ET LVNEB. Below the bust, in two Hnes, on a ribbon, omn - in germ • 
VNiT- LIB- mvrar •• SVPR • MODERATOR- (Supreme Master of the united Free- 
masons throughout Germany.) Reverse, (Figure 9,) A couching lion, his head 
towards the left, crowned with laurel ; beneath his fore paws the square, level, 
compasses, and delta. Above, the All-seeing eye in a triangle of nine stars, 
from which issue rays. Legend, vidi. vici. qviesco. (I saw, I conquered, I 
give repose.) In exergue, ob • felic • revnion - mvrar • liberor • german ■ 
in two lines. (For the happ)'^ reunion of the German Freemasons.) Silver. 

VIII. A Medal struck in honor of the marriage of Duke August 

12 See XV., LXI., &c., in this Catalogue. Medal are said to be in possession of the Lodge Charles 

13 For his Masonic History see p." 341, Vol. 2, Ameri- of the Crowned Pillar at Brunswick, and an engraving of 
can Quarterly Review of Freemasonry. The dies of this the Medal is given by Zacharias. 



1 8 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Frederick Charles Wilhelm with the Princess Louise Von Stolberg, which 
occurred June 5, 1780. It was issued by the Lodge Charlotte zu den Drei 
Nelken, which had received a Protectorate from the Duke of Saxe Meiningen. 
Obverse, An altar with seven steps ; on its front a monogram of the initials 
C and L ; on the altar two burning hearts within the nuptial ring, and above, a 
prince's crown. In exergue, i. m. m. d. 26, 466 in two lines, corresponding 
in the chronology of the rite of Strict Observance to the date above given. 
[Figure lo.j Reverse, Under three carnations crossed, zvm andenken eines 
DER erwvnschtesten tage meiningens vnd zvr bezevgvng der ehrfvrcht- 
VOLLSTEN TREVE DIE HH. c. z. D. 3 N. in twelve lines, translated thus: — 
" In commemoration of the most memorable day in Meiningen, and to attest 
the most reverential, fidelity of the Lodge Charlotte of the Three Pinks." 
Silver. Size 22. . 

IX. A Lodge was chartered in 1733,. ^.t Hamburg, Germany, by 
the Earl of Strathmore, Grand Master of " Modern " Masons, which did not 
commence work until Dec, 6, 1737."* In 1741 it assumed the name Absalom. 
The Senate of Hamburg forbade the members from attending the meetings, 
and in consequence this Medal was struck.'^ Obverse, The rising sun and 
moon shining upon the earth from opposite directions. [Figure ii.J Legend, 
FACiES suPREMi EADEM. (The face of God is unchanging.) In exergue, ham- 
BVRGi. Reverse, Arms of the English (Modern) Freemasons, upon a shield ; a 
ribbon, to which is suspended a Master's jewel, hangs over it; a hat is upon 
the upper left corner. In the border of the shield in very small letters, a. b. 
Behind the shield are the rays of the meridian sun-; and a square, compasses, 
&c., are grouped about it. On the square in small letters, ei. ii. fecit. 
referring lo Haslingk, the die sinker. Gold and silver. Size 27. 

X. Medal struck by the Lodge Karl zum Rautenkranz, (Charles of the 
Wreath of Rue,) Hildburghausen, for the birthday eve, (January 4, 1759,) 
of Sophia, daughter of the Duke of Saxe Weimar. Obverse, A temple, 

14 The Lodge celebrated its Centennial in 1837, on showing it to have been stnick about that time. The 
which occasion a Medal was struck. American Quarterly Review of Freemasonry appatentlfA 

15 Norton says the Essen Catalogue gives the date of confused it with the Medal struck for the Centennial. : 
this Medal as 1 740, and Merzdorf gives other authorities, 



MASONIC MEDALS. 19 

with seven steps, the top surmounted with statues. Legend, hic labor. 
(This work.) Reverse, The globe, square and compasses, and other Masonic 
implements, and above, the sun at the meridian. [Figure 12.] In exergue, 
ANNO 4o52. D. 4. lAJsrvAR. in two lines, the date in the rite of Strict Observ- 
ance. Gold and silve^ Size 17. U\/tir'h-*^ 

XI. Obverse, A perfect ashlar restiril;- upon a platform ; above, sus- 
pended from a bow of ribbon, a pair of -compasses extended. Legend, hinc 
FORMA viRESQVE. (Hence come beauty and strength.) In exergue, d. 24 
SEPTEMB. 5743. Reverse, Upon the sun a circle containing a large G ; within 
the curve of the G, s t — referring to the Masonic letter G- and to the name 
of the Lodge. Struck in honor of the dedication of St. George's Lodge in 
Hamburg, which had previously been working as a " clandestine " Lodge. 
Zacharias gives an engraving of this Medal. (IIL i.) The dies were by 
Haslingk. Silver. Size 18. 

XII. Obverse, Harpocrates, the god of silence, leaning on a pillar, over 
which is a lion's skin, covered with bees. On his left arm is a cornucopia, 
from which a square and other Masonic implements are falling. Legend, 
FAVETE LiNGvis. (Keep silence.) In exergue, in three lines, ^qvitas con- 
CORDIA ET viRTVs. (Justice, harmony and virtue.) Reverse, A group of six 
rough ashlarsT near one of which is a gavel ; above, a hand and arm issuing 
from clouds to left, suspends a level. In exergue. Ornamental scroll work. 
Legend, ^qva lege sortitvr insignes et imos. (Allotted by impartial law 
to the lofty and the lowly.) Gold, silver, and other metals. Size 14. 

This very ancient Medal is commonly known as the " Freemason's 
Ducat." There are at least four varieties, with the same devices, but varying 
slightly in the dies, which are mentioned by Merzdorf ; the differences being 
in the size of the letters, of the hand, or the thickness of the cloud and in the 
ornamental scroll. The obverse is muled with two other reverses, which will 
be. described hereafter. The place of mintage of this Medal has caused 
considerable discussion. Merzdorf, (page 1 1 ,) says most of the older cata- 
logues mention it as having been struck at Berlin, while others attribute it to 
Vestner, at Brussels, in 1743 ; he remarks that Vestner always placed his 



20 MASONIC MEDALS. 

mark upon his wo.rk, and believes its origin was at Brunswick, in the year 
1745 ; he also states that it is mentioned in the records of the Lodge Charles 
of the Pillar, of Brunswick, in that year, and says that Zacharias (who has an 
engraving of it in IV. i) is wrong in assigning to it an earlier date.' After 
1772 it appears to have been struck for use as a prize. 

XIII. Obverse, A Master in regalia leaning upon a globe, and holding 
a plumb line in his right hand ; at hisfeet are various Masonic working tools ; 
above him an eagle crowned is soaring in the sun ; in the right back -ground 
are columns, two erect and a third fallen ; in front is a cubic stone, on one 
face a level, and on another c. s. v br. in two Hoes. Legend, studio ■ sa- 
PIENTIA • siLENTio • (By zeal, wisdom and silence.) [Figure 13.] Reverse, 
Three hands — one of a knight, another of a clergyman, and the third of a 
citizen, clasping each other above a view of the city of Halle, with the moon 
and stars in the sky. Legend, et non fvcata amicitia qvid nobilivs. 
(And what is nobler than unsullied friendship.) In exergue, hal^e mdccxliv 
D. XXIV. ivN. in two lines. Forty-four of these Medals were presented to 
the brethren of the Lodge The Three Golden Keys, — founded at Halle in 
December, 1743, — by its first Master, C. Sam. v Bruckenthal, (whose initials 
are on the stone,) on the feast of St. John the Baptist, 1744 ; thirteen of these 
are said to have been struck in gold, and others in silver. Size 28. 

XIV. An oval Medal, about two and three-quarters by two inches, 
found in a mound near Pittsburgh, Pa., containing the remains of victims of 
General Braddock's defeat in 1756. Obverse, The All-seeing eye above an 
arch of eleven blocks, supported by two pillars ; the keystone has the Royal 
Arch cypher ; under it the letter G, surrounded by rays ; over the arch, on 
the left is the sun, and on the right the moon ; on the platform beneath, an 
altar with seven steps ; beside the left pillar is a pot of incense ; beside the 
right a dagger, and branches of acacia on each side ; .exergue, blank (for the 
owner's name to be engraved). Reverse, Two pillars ; over that on the right 
the sun ; over the other the moon ; the All-seeing eye at the upper edge. 
Between the pillars is the Bible, on which rests the square and compasses, 
between three burning tapers ; on the right a level and sprig of acacia, on the 



MASONIC MEDALS. . 21 

left a beehive and ladder of three steps. In lower foreground a cofifin and 
anchor. Copper, plated with silver. This probably belonged to a soldier in 
Braddock's expedition, and is now in the possession of Dr. Alfred Creigh, of 
Washington, Penn., to whom I am indebted for a drawing.' 

XV. An oval Medal of silver, formerly the property of an American 
prisoner at Dartmoor, England, during the Revolutionary War, and sent 
home with his effects after his death. Obverse, The Bible, square and com- 
passes, trowel, key, coffin, skull and bones, three links of a chain, and other 
devices. Legend, At the top, sit lux et lux fuit, (Let there be light and 
there, was light,) and at the bottom, amor, honor, et justitia. (Love, honor, 
and justice.) Reverse, Two pillars on a mosaic pavement, the sun, moon, 
All-seeing eye, and other emblems. An engraving of this curious Medal can 
be found on page 10, volume 4, of the " American Freemason," from which 
the above account is condensed.'* The three links give it more than usual 
interest, since it proves them to have originally been a Masonic emblem,, 
though since used by another body. 

XVI; Obverse, Three Masons, in aprons and sashes, chapeaux and 
swords, stand in a group facing each other, their arms crossed, and the right 
hand of each clasping the left of his neighbor : behind the one on the left is 
a globe, against which a square "is leaning ; a gavel, trowel,and other working 
tools at his feet ; behind the one on the right, a scroll passing between the 
legs of a pair of compasses ; in the background a temple with columns. 
Legend, ivncto conatv (By united effort.) In exergue, cojsfratern - s • er- 
nesti- hilpervs^ in two lines. [Figure 14.J Reverse, A hand, emerging 
from clouds which partly conceal the sun whose rays are bursting from them, 
describes with a pair of compasses a mathematical figure upon a scroll, lying 
on a mosaic pavement, and inscribed arcanvm scrvtatvs cvncta adeptvs in 
three lines. (Having learned the secret he has mastered all.) In exergue, 
fvndata - VII • CALEND • DECEMBR • ANNO 4848. STOCKMAR F. in three lines. 
Struck to commemorate the founding of the Lodge Ernestus in Hildburg- 

16 This may have been an engraved Medal, but this I which it displays, -however, entitle it to a place in tliis 
have not been able to ascertain. The peculiar emblems Catalc^e. 



22 MASONIC MEDALS. 

hausen, November 25, i755. The date on the Medal is that of the rite of 
Strict Observance. Silver. Size 30. 

XVII.- Medal struck for the semi-centennial anniversary of St. John's 
Commandery, No. 4, K. T. of Philadelphia, Pa. Obverse, Between two olive 
branches, tied at the bottom, a Norman shield, containing Masonic devices 
referring to the Lodge, Chapter and Commandery degrees. The heraldry is 
poor, but may be thus described : Per fess, the upper part argent, having the 
words, BE THOU FAITHFUL UNTO DEATH in two lines ; the lower, parti per 
pale : dexter, azure, charged with the square and compasses ; sinister, per 
pale, purpure and gules, charged with a double triangle braced, in the centre 
of which is the triple tau. (The emblem is placed on what may be called the 
fess point of this quartering ; its color is not indicated, unless it be argent, 
which would not correspond with the symbolism of the degree.) Chief, parti 
of three per pale ; dexter, vert, charged with a Greek cross, (humettee,) centre, 
sable, charged with a Maltese cross ; sinister, per fess, sable and argent, 
alluding to the Beau-seant, and charged with a Templar's cross (patee). 
Over all, in fess point, an Eastern crown, pierced with a Latin cross- (passion,) 
and surrounded by rays.'' Above the shield a ribbon, having the motto, 
IN HOC siGNO viNCES (By this sign thou shalt conquer) : over the ribbon 
a small helmet, affrontee. In exergue, st. John's commandery no. 4 masonic 
KNIGHTS templar PHILADELPHIA PENNA. in four lines, the last slightly curving. 
Reverse, s'' john's commandery n" 4 k. t. semi centennial anniversary 
JUNE 1 5, 1869. in five lines, all but one curving, over a ribbon, having sir 
and KNT. with a space left for a name to be engraved. Below the ribbon, 
constituted JUNE 1 5. 1 8 19. stationed at philada. in four lines, the first 
and last curving. This Medal is finely struck, and, but for the extremely poor 
heraldry, would be worthy of praise. It was suspended by a swivel from a 
clasp, with a ribbon, — the -upper part of black and the lower of white, — in 
which was woven the name of the Commandery in yellow letters on the black 
ground ; and a Latin cross and the date of the anniversary, in red letters on 

17. The color of the cross and crown, of the square not indicated, unless it be argent, which would not hi the 
and compasses, and of the various crosses in the chief, is appropriate symbolic color in all cases. 






XIII. Obv. 




XVI. Rev. 





XVI. Obv. 



XIII. Rev. 



PLATE III. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 23 

the white ground, the top of the cross extending up into the black part of the 
ribbon. Bronze. Size 28. The dies are said to have been destroyed. 

XVIII. Obverse, Within a circle of nineteen stars, conventvm fratr.-. 

LIB.-. CEMENTAR.-. COL.". AGRIP.'. A°.-. MDXXXV HABITVM GRATI CELEBRANT 
FRATRES NEERLANDICI ORDINIS IN PATRIA SVA RESTAVRATI . FESTVM SECVLARE 

AGENTES. A" MDCCCXXXV. in ten lines. (The Netherland brethren, keeping 
the centennial feast of the restoration of the Order to their fatherland, 
gratefully celebrate the assembly of the Masonic brotherhood held by the 
Lodge Agrippa, at Cologne, in i535.) In small letters below, i. p. schouberg. 
F. Reverse, A radiant triangle, around which are the words, charta fratr.". 
COL.-. AGRIP.'. D.-. XXIV jvN.*. MDXXXV. Within the triangle are the words, 

PRINCIPIA NOSTRORVM ACTVVm' HISCE DVOBVS PRAECEPTIS ENVNCIANTVR : OMNES 
HOMINES VELVTI FRATRES ET PROPINQVOS AMA ET DILIGE : DEO QVOD DEI : IMPE- 

RATORi QVOD iMPERATORis EST TRiBviTO. in nine lines. (The principles of our 
acts are declared in these two maxims : Love and esteem all men as brothers 
and neighbors. Render to God the things that are God's, and to the Emperor 
the things that are the Emperor's.) [Figure i5.] Silver. Size 32. Struck by 
the Lodge La Blen Aimee, of Amsterdam, June 23, 1835, on the third 
centennial of the date of a reputed Masonic document, known as the charter 
of Cologne, (Kolner Urkunde) which is said to have been discovered in 1816. 
The stars allude to the nineteen names attached to the document. 

XIX. Medal struck to commemorate the establishment of Mars Lodge, 
at Jassy, Moldavia, in 1774, by Baron Von Gartenburg Sadogusky, then 
Commissioner General of the Imperial Russian Army. Obverse, Mars 
reclining on clouds, and wearing a plumed helmet ; his head turned to the 
right; his left hand extended, holds a wreath of laurel; his right, a 'mound;' 
beside him are various Masonic working tools, a square, gavel, trowel, and 
compasses, with a skull and bones resting on a closed book ; below is a 
landscape with rivers. Legend, virtute et sapientia. (By valor and wis- 
dom.) In exergue, f. comstadius f.-. sadogura. [Figure 16.] Reverse, Within 
a wreath of oak leaves, dJ moldav calculum album adiecerunt maiores, 
5 •^•4- in five lines. (The leaders have added, a white stone, the Moldavian 



24 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Lodge 5744. " Majores " perhaps alludes to the Russian Generals, who united 
in forming this Lodge.) The master of the. mint where the dies were 
prepared was F. Comstadius; the engraver, Stockman. Silver. Size 32. Rare. 

XX. Obverse, On a mosaic pavement, a pillar resting on a cubic stone, 
and surmounted by a globe : a cable-tow entwined aboiit it; at the base a 
closed book, a globe, gavel, square, and level. In front, St. John the Baptist 
holds in his extended left hand a roll, upon which he describes a circle with 
the compasses in his right ; a crozier rests against his shoulder ; at his feet 
are rough and perfect ashlars, and the sun is rising on the right. Reverse, In 
a wreath of palm leaves, tied at the bottom by a ribbon, die g. v. u. v. a zur 

SaULE IM O. ZU BRESLAU GEST. D. 19. MAI 1774 FEIERT D. I9. MAI 1824IHR 
lUBELFEST BR. M. L. BIBRAQH A MSTR. BR. L. MAISAN DEP. A MSTR. in ten lines. 

(The true and perfect Lodge of the Pillar, Qrient of Breslau, founded May 19, 
1774, celebrated its jubilee May 19, 1824, Bro. M. L. Bibrach, Master of the 
Lodge, Bro. L. Maisan, Dep. Master.) [Figure 17.] Copper. Size 26. 

XXI. Medal struck in commemoration of the dedication of the New 
Masonic Temple, in Boston, 1867. Obverse, View of the Temple, showing 
both the front and side, and the adjoining buildings. On the curb stone, in 
very small letters, w. n. warden, above, masonic temple, below, boston. 
Reverse, new masonic temple in a curved line above the All-seeing eye ; 
under the eye, dedicated june 24. a. l. 5867 chas. c. dame in three lines ; 
below, a square and compasses, and grand master in a curved line. This 
was not struck by authority of the Grand Lodge, but by private parties. 
White metal, and perhaps others. Size 19. Somewhat rare. 

XXII. French Medal, which may have been a member's jewel, or 
possibly was designed to be given as a prize. Obverse, " Two right hands 
joined," within the square and compasses ; the head of the latter forms a sun, 
from which issue rays, and from the joint a gavel is suspended, and sprigs of 
acacia issue from behind. Legend^ laboris assidui proemium. (The reward 
of diligent labor.) The date 1842 at bottom. Reverse, l.-. de la parfaite 
UNION ET sf jean du DESERT REUNis arouud two branches of palm and laurel, 
crossed and tied by a ribbon ; above which in a circular line is o.-. de valen- 




PLATE IV. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 25 

ciENNES, and within which is fondee le i— juillet 1736 in four Hnes, the 
first curving. Brass, gilt, decahedral. Size 14 between opposite sides. 

XXIII. Obverse, An altar of squared stones, its front adorned with 
three crossed keys in a circle, the arms of the city of Regensburg ; the altar 
is covered by a single stone, having on its right corner k, and on its centre a 
cube with the letters XXV on its face ; above, G on a blazing star of five 
points. Legend, iubel der wachsenden rH in regensburg [Jubilee of the 
Thriving Lodge in Regensburg.] (Figure 18.) Reverse, Hercules wearing 
the lion-skin, slaying a four-headed hydra. Legend, die tugend siegt. 
[Virtue triumphs.] In exergue, 5791. Bronze. Size 24. Scarce. Struck 
by the "Thriving Lodge of the Three Keys," of Regensburg, in honor of its 
twenty-fifth anniversary. This Lodge was founded by the Lodge " St. Charles 
de la Constancie," May 1, 1767, and received its charter from the Grand 
Lodge in the Hague, July i, 1768. In the first quarter-century of its exis- 
tence, it supplied constitutions for a large number of Lodges in Vienna, 
Munich, Dresden, and elsewhere, thus acquiring the epithet Wachsenden 
(waxing or thriving). 

XXIV. Obverse, Bust of Prince William Frederick to right. Legend, 

WILLEM FREDERIK KAREL. PRINS DER NEDERLANDEN. Under the buSt, in Small 

letters, i.*. p.*. schouberg. f.\ Reverse, The ribbon and jewel of a Grand 
Master, hanging from a blazing star of five points bearing the letter G. 
Legend, xxv. j.*. gr.'. m.-. nat.-. d.-. o.*. v.*. vv.-. mm.-, in. ned.-. g.-. l.-. en. kol.-. 
[Twenty-five years National Grand Master of Freemasons of the Netherlands 
and her Colonies.] Under the jewel, in three lines, hulde der broeder- 
SCHAP. MDCCCXLi. [Homagc of the Brotherhood.] Within the ribbon, hem 
bestrale steeds hex light uit den hooge, in five lines. CMay Light from on 
high ever illuminate him.] (Figure 19.) Silver and Bronjfe. Size 32. Zacha- 
rias (IV. 6) gives the date as October 16, 1841, and Merzdorf (p. 102, No. 21) 
gives the Hague as the place where it was struck. 

XXV. Obverse, A circle, " inscribed in a triangle," the upper half having 
the word Maryland and the lower, commandery n° i. A gilded passion 
cross passes under the lower half of the circle, the longer bar extending nearly 



26 MASONIC MEDALS. 

to the bottom of the triangle, the transverse arms slightly overlap its inside 
edge, and the centre of the bars of the cross resj^ upon the centre of the 
circle. In the upper corners of the triangle, 179/in the left, and 1871 in the 
right. Edges beveled. Reverse, Plain. Sil^. In the form of an equi- 
lateral triangle, a point at the bottom, the sides measuring two and one-fourth 
inches. It was worn suspended to a white ribbon by a small double triangle, 
interlaced by opposite points ; the lower triangle attached at its base by three 
small balls to the Medal. Struck for Maryland Commandery, Baltimore, in 
commemoration of the Triennial Conclave of the Grand Encampment of 
Knights Templar of the United States in Baltimore, September, 1871. 

XXVI. Obverse, Arms of the Grand Lodge of Canada ; per pale ; 
dexter, per fess, the upper part gules, a chevron between three casdes, argent ; 
on the chevron a pair of compasses extended ;'Hhe lower part gules, a beaver 
proper : sinister, a cross (probably vert but not indicated) voided argent, the 
field beneath the cross quarterly azure and or ; i. a lion rampant; 2. an ox pas- 
sant ; 3. a man with arms uplifted ; 4. an eagle displayed.'^ The dexter side of 
the shield is formed by ears of wheat, and the sinister by an olive branch. On 
a ribbon below, audi vide tace [Hear, see, be silent.] Crest, the ark of the 
covenant, over which two cherubs are bending. Supporters, two cherubim, 
each having one wing extended over the shield and crest. Between their 
■wings; over the ark, are Hebrew letters. Legend, grand lodge of ancient 
FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS OF CANADA. Reverse, Within a wreath of maple 
and laurel, to commemorate the ?S03©i^ consummated i4'^."july i858 in 
six lines, the second and last two curving. The dies are very poor, that of the 
reverse particularly so. Silver, silver gilt, bronze, and white metal. Size 26. 
This is the only American Medal I have yet found, struck on the foundation 
of a Grand Lodge, and the circumstances which caused its preparation are 

18 Arms of the so-called "Modem" Masons; that is, Masons' squares, so arranged as to form a cross. If this 
the " Grand Lodge of England," previous to the union be an error in drawing, as I believe, it is a very common 
with thj Grand Lodge of "Ancient " or " Athol " M.i- one in emblazoning these arms. This Medal brings out 
sons, as mentioned in the next note. .some interesting heraldic questions, for which the reader is 

19 Arms of the Grand Lodge of "Ancient" Masons, referred to the Appendix. The arms of the Grand Lodge 
previous to their union with the " Modern " Masons, to of Canada as given on this Medal, are those of the United 
form the "United Grand Lodge of England." We de- Grand Lodge of England, except that the dexter side is 
scribe these arms as they appear on the Medal. The parted per fess and the Canadian emblem of the beaver 
"cross voided" is probably a poor drawing of four added, for a " difference." 



MASONIC MEDALS. 27 

worthy of record. Its design was to commemorate the union of the " M. W. 
Grand Lodge of Canada," (formed in i855, by various Lodges of the Pro- 
vinces of Ontario and Quebec, which derived their warrants from the Grand 
Lodges of England, Scotland and Ireland) with the " Ancient Grand Lodge," 
the name which the Provincial Grand Lodge of Canada West, holding under 
England, assumed in August, 1857. This union took place July 14, i858. 
July 24, it was resolved that a Medal be struck commemorative of this happy 
event, and a committee was appointed to arrange the design and prepare the 
Medal for distribution, at a meeting to be held in January, iSSg. The latter 
part of the instruction was not fulfilled, but the committee then reported that 
they had selected the design, and ascertained th^t the cost of the Medal would 
be from two to three dollars without the " Union ribbon," for which it would 
be necessary to send to England. They recommended that the Medals should 
be silver gilt for officers and past officers of the Grand Lodge ; of silver for 
the Master, the immediate Past Master, and the Wardens of all the Lodges 
on the registry of the Grand Lodge at the time of the union, to whom its 
distribution should be strictly confined. The " Union ribbon " consisted of a 
beautifully executed silk representation of the English union-jack. At a 
subsequent meeting of the Grand Lodge, it was decided that this should be 
recognize_d as an honorary ribbon, and might be worn by any member of the 
craft; the Medal to be worn only by those previously named. At the time of 
the union, there were sixty-three Lodges under the Grand Lodge of Canada, 
and fifty of Provincial register ; in all, one hundred and thirteen whose officers 
were entitled to the Medal. The engraver was Ellis, of Toronto, as appears 
from the Treasurer's statement for iSSg, where, under date September 17, there 
is the following entry : "To paid J. Ellis on account of engraving Medal, |ioo." 
XXVII. Obverse, Latomia, (the genius of Masonry,) standing upon a 
platform of three steps ; on her right a column with the letter J on its base, 
and at its foot, a bunch of acacia ; on her left a column, with the letter B ; at 
its foot a rose bush. Masonic implements are scattered between. The figure 
wears a diadem, on which is a G, and rays of light surround her head. Her 
right hand uplifted holds a sprig of acacia ; her left places a wreath of roses 



28 MASONIC MEDALS. 

upon two oval shields, one inscribed f. the other l. " which are supported by 
the altar of Love, behind her." Around her neck a collar, from which are 
suspended the square and compasses. Above her, in the quadrate cypher, 
ORNAT ET AUGET. [It adorns and increases.] In exergue, braemt fecit. 
Reverse, In a radiant triangle, the letter G. Legend, In the same cypher, in 

MEMORIAM AUGUSTISSIMARUM NUPTIARUM FRATRUM LIBERE AC FIDELIS SILENTII 
LEGE OPERANTIUM FLORENTISSIMA IN BELGIO SOCIETAS. [The mOSt flourishing 

Society in Belgium of Brethren working freely under the law of faithful 
silence, in memory of the most august nuptials.] The cypher begins to read 
from beneath the long central ray, falling from the base of the triangle. 
(Figure 20.) Merzdorf says that fourteen were struck in gold, one hundred 
in silver, and four hundred in bronze. Size 29. Struck at the Hague, May 
21, 1825, by the Grand Lodge of the Netherlands in honor of the marriage 
of their Grand Master, Prince Frederic, to the Princess Louisa of Prussia. 

XXVIII. Obverse, A full length figure of Minerva, on a raised platform 
and advancing to the left, helmed, and holding a spear in her left hand and an 
olive branch in her right. Legend, □ des amis de la paix. [Lodge of the 
Friends of Peace.] Reverse, Within a wreath of palm and olive branches, 
o.-. DE PARIS 5789. Borders beaded, and edge milled. Silver. Size 18. 
(This is engraved in Tresor Numismatique, Revolution, plate 16, figure 6.) 

1/ XXIX. Obverse, A pillar, its top surrounded by a garland ; on its front 
a script cypher of aa ; at the right an easel on which is a canvass, and on the 
left, a globe. The compasses lean against the pillar on the left, and below are 
a square, protractor, rule, and pallet with brushes. Against the right side is 
resting a guitar, with a bust at its base. Legend, loge des arts et l'amitie. 
In exergue, or.-, de louviers 58o5 in two lines. Reverse, The genius of 
Masonry crowned with roses, her left arm and bosom bare, feeding the fire 
which burns upon an altar garlanded with roses, and having on its front the 
square and compasses. At the left of the altar is an acacia bush, and behind 
the figure are three bushes of acacia springing from clefts in an adjacent rock ; 
at the top is the Delta, with rays. Borders beaded, and edge milled. Silv^ 
Size 18. (Engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate 12, figure 7.) 



MASONIC MEDALS. 29 

XXX. Obverse, On a mantling a shield, gules, having a death's head 
affrontee, proper, over the letters m o ^. Crest, a bezant, on which are three 
hearts, one over two, united by a ribbon, which encircles each heart, and is 
crossed below the upper one. The colors of the mantling and doubling are 
not indicated. Legend, l.-. de s.*. j.*. de l'union des cceurs r.*. r.". o.\ de 
GENEVE. [Lodge of St. John of the union of hearts, &c.] Reverse, A phenix 
on a flaming pyre, beneath which is a ribbon with the motto perit ut vivat. 
[It dies that it may live.] Legend, directoire de bourgogne. Silver. Size 
20. [See LXXXVIIL] 

XXXL Obverse, Head of Liberty to the left; flowing curls escape from 
beneath a Phrygian cap, and fall about her neck. Legend, republique fran- 
CAISE. Below the bust, two clasped hands, and f. t. in very small letters. 
Reverse, A wreath of acacia tied at the bottom by a ribbon, and open at the 
top, contains souvenir du 29 avril 5871 in three lines; above the inscription 
are two right hands joined, the arms emerging from clouds ; below are a 
square and compasses crossed. A beaded circle surrounds the wreath, and 
outside the circle is the legend liberte ■ egalite • fraternite * phjlan- 
THROPiE • UNION ■ FORCE * Bronze. Size 29. Struck to commemorate the 
reign of the Commune by Freemasons of Paris. 

XXXII. Obverse, Arms of the Grand Lodge of Scotland ; azure, a 
chevron between three castles argent ; (the compasses are omitted.) Crest, a 
castle argent. A collar of thistles and thistle leaves encircles the shield, passing 
behind the crest ; from the collar is suspended a jewel containing St. Andrew 
and his cross. Legend, in the lord is all our trust. Reverse, A mosaic 
pavement over which two brethren are approaching a temple in the back- 
ground, in front of which stand two pillars. Above the temple on the left is 
the sun, on the right the moon and seven stars, and over the centre the All- 
seeing eye darting its rays upon the taller of the two brethren, who holds his 
companion by the hand, and with his right hand points to a female figure, 
seated on the right ; at her feet is a Corinthian capital ; her left arm rests upon 
an altar, upon which is a closed book ; her right hand closes her lips. In the 
right foreground, the Bible, square and compasses, surrounded by three 



30 MASONIC MEDALS. 

burning tapers. Between the brethren are a gavel and level lying on the 
pavement. In exergue, amicitia virtute et silentio [By friendship, virtue 
and silence] in two lines. Silver gilt. Size 19. An impression of this curious 
old Scotch Medal is in Mr. Appleton's collection. It is evidently quite ancient 
and is not mentioned by Merzdorf. 

XXXIII. A Medal somewhat similar to VI, was at one time in the pos- 
session of W. C. Munger, of Covington, Ky., and is described to us as follows: 
The letter G is surmounted by St, John holding a Maltese cross. Inside the 
letter, are the square, level, plumb, compasses, twenty-four inch guage, altar 
on which is the forty-seventh problem, trowel and mallet. On one side of the 
square is virtute et silentio. [By virtue and silence.] On the back of the 
G, " 5761 R, PulHng : " (probably the former owner's name,) This very much 
resembles VI, in this list, and was probably a member's jewel of some English 
or Scotch Lodge,'° Silver, Size 22 by 3 inches, 

XXXIV. Obverse, A Mason, "clothed" and standing under the rays 
of the meridian sun ; his right hand extended points to a level which Minerva, 
standing beside a cubic stone, applies to its upper face ; in her left hand is a 
spear, and an owl is seated behind her. On the front of the cube in two lines, 
D : 27 lUN : 1742 ; a square, compasses, and plumb on the ground by its side. 
Over the sun, ad amussim. (On the level.) From the Mason's lips fall the 
words QUID latras, [literally. Why do you bark ?] addressed to a figure of 
Envy, recumbent in front of a cave in the right foreground; serpents surround 
his head and the mouth of the cave. In exergue, franc : ad moen. Reverse, 
Arms of the Lodge on a platform ; — a shield parti per pale ; dexter, azure, a 
dexter eye (in profile) proper ; sinister, gules, a sinister ear, proper : supporters, 
dexter, a fox, (? or wolf,) sinister, a sphynx, both sejant regardant, their backs 
towards the arms. A mantling falls from the platform below the shield, bearing 
the words et be taire. [And be silent.] Under the fox is suspended a level, 
and under the sphynx, a plumb. Over the arms is a bee-hive surrounded by 
swarming bees ; in the door of the hive is a small S, alluding to the name of 

20 Dr. Alfred Creigh of Washington, Pa., has one English gentleman, who informed him that such a Medal 
similar to this and the Medal described hereafter under was given to each member of his Lodge, on the night he 
LXI. with date 57^6, which was presented him by an was raised to the Master Mason's degree. 




PLATE V. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 31 

the Master of the Lodge, Ph. L. V. Steinheil. On the right, a square and 
trowel : on the left, a gavel and compasses. Above, instruunt et ornant. 
[They instruct and adorn.] White metal, cast. Size 33. This Medal, as 
above described, is in my collection. Merzdorf gives the additional inscription 
on the edge, concordia erexit stabilivit virtus ars et industria orna- 
VERUNT, [Union erected, virtue strengthened, art and industry adorned it,] 
which is wanting on mine, and says : — " There were at the most only fourteen 
impressions of this Medal made by the engraver, Meyer in Mannheim. At 
the suggestion of Br. Kloss, Sen., twelve copies were cast, from an original in 
the collection of Herr Finger, by I. Ch. D. Nies." " Probably the letters on 
the edge of these were destroyed in finishing the casting. The original was 
struck in 1742 by the Lodge Zur Einigkeit, (of Unity or Harmony,) at Frank- 
fort on the Main. 

XXXV. Obverse, □ .*. de l'athenee francais 1830 in four lines. 
Reverse, A square and compasses, within which is a blazing star of five points 
containing the letter G. Silver, octagonal. Size 19 between opposite parallel 
sides. Merzdorf^' gives the name of the Lodge by which it was struck as 
L'Athenee des Etrangers of Paris, (not having seen the Medal) and says that 
it is mentioned in the Account of the Feast of the Order on the Winter 
Solstice, December 26, 1829. The Medal in my possession has the date 
1830, as given above. It is said to be scarce. 

XXXVL Obverse, The front of the old Masonic Hall, New York city. 
Legend, old masonic hall, broadway, n. y. In exergue, erected 1827 
DEMOLi" 1 856 in two lines. Reverse, On a mosaic pavement, an altar with 
three steps, on which are the Bible, square and compasses, from which issue 
rays. Legend, youth, manhood & old age. Below, masonic medalets 
N° I and in smaller letters, the^ne curving to conform to the lower edge, 
PUB. BY. A. B. SAGE & CO. N. Y. ^6opper, (perhaps other metals.) Size 20. 

XXXVII. Obverse, The new Masonic Temple, New York, showing 
the fronts on Sixth Avenue and West Twenty-third Street. Above, in two 
curved lines, to commemorate the dedication of the masonic temple. In 

21 Die Denkmunzen der Freimaurerbruderschaft, page 22 Ibid, page 78, No. 108 ; page xu gives the full title 
19, No. 41. of reference. 



32 MASONIC MEDALS. 

exergue, new york june 2 1875 in two lines, the second curving. Reverse, 
A wreath of oak-leaves ; within it a mosaic pavement approached by three 
steps ; on the right and left, two pillars surmounted by globes ; in the centre 
background is a third pillar, surmounted by the letter G, over which is a clus- 
ter of seven stars ; at the top, the All-seeing eye and rays ; between the right 
and centre pillars the moon, a ladder of three rounds, and the forty-seventh 
problem of Euclid : between the left and centre pillars, the sun, three burning 
tapers, and a five-pointed star. The dies were made by G. H. Lovett, of 
New York. Silver, copper, bronze, and white/metal. Size 20. 

XXXVIII. Obverse, View of the Temple, similar to the above, over 
which in a semi-circle masonic temple new york and at the top the All- 
seeing eye in rays ; below the Temple in two lines, the second curving, 
DEDICATED JUNE 2" 1 8/5. Reverse, Arms of the Grand Lodge of the State 
of New York : A cross vert, voided argent ; the field beneath the cross quar- 
terly azure and or : i. a lion couchant ; 2. an ox passant ; 3. a man with arms 
uplifted ; 4. an eagle displayed.'^ Crest, the ark of the covenant, between 
two cherubs facing inward, their wings extending over it. Supporters, two 
cherubim, each having one wing extended over the shield and crest, the other 
drooping by its side. The shield itself is circular, and its sides are formed by 
a wreath of olive-branches, tied at the base and resting on a ribbon bearing 
the motto, holiness to the lord. A five-pointed star is stamped in the 
border below the motto. At the top are the square and compasses ; a level is 
placed upon the square, and a ribbon, passing behind it, is wound over the legs 
of the compasses, the ends turned up above the wings of the cherubim. This 
Medal was struck on the occasion of the dedication of the Masonic Temple in 
New York, June, 1875, under the authority of the Grand Lodge, for the 
benefit of its Widows' and Orphans' Fund. It is in the form of a shield, two 
and one-quarter inches long, and one and nine-sixteenths inches at its greatest 

23 These arms are nearly those of the Eiighsh Grand all of its constituent Lodges derived their charters from the 

Lodge of "Ancient" Masons, so called, previous to the "Moderns." For this reason, we presume, the New York 

"Union," and the same remarks apply that were made in Grand Lodge assumed the arms of the Ancient Masons, 

Nute 19. The Grand Lodge of New York was formed at with the omission of the Hebrew characters, if that be 

the suggestion of the " Ancients," although all or nearly intentional. 



.MASONIC MEDALS. 33 

breadth. A ring at the top held a ribbon attached to a clasp. Gold, silver, 
bro/ze, gilt and white macal. 

XXXIX. Obverse, Within a plain raised border surrounding a rough- 
ened field, a wreath formed by two branches of oak, which encloses a smooth 
field, lettered boston to st. johns. The word to is in a monogram, the T 
very large and roughened ; boston in a straight line below its top ; the o 
entwined around its centre ; and st. johns on a scroll curving upwards, near 
the foot. Above the wreath may and below it 1872. Reverse, Plain. Sus- 
pended by a ring to a clasp in the form of a scroll, its ends bent beneath it. 
Silver plated; in the form of a cross patee. Size 22. Somewhat scarce. 
Struck by Boston Commandery in honor of the visit to that body by St. John's 
Commandery, of Philadelphia, in May, 1872. 

XL. Obverse, Bust of King Leopold to right between two reversed 
flaming torches, the handles of which nearly meet above. Below the bust a 
palm branch. Between the handles of the torches 5865. Legend, ceremonie 

FUNEB.*. 10^ J.'. 12^ M.'. EN MEM.*. DU T.'. C*. F.'. LEOPOLD DE SAXE COBOURG 

ROi DES BELGES. [Funeral ceremonies, February 10, in memory of the very 
dear brother Leopold of Saxe Cobourg, King of the Belgians.] Reverse, 
Within a circle the All-seeing eye upon a triangle surrounded by rays which 
form a six-pointed star. Legend, gr.*. or.', de belgique * Copper bronzed : 
(perhaps other metals.) Size 19. 

XLL Obverse, A triangle with the All-seeing eye, above two shields. 
The one on the right has on a field azure a square and compasses, with a 
gavel and trowel crossed and placed upon them parallel to the arms of the 
square. That upon the left is per fess, the upper part per pale, dexter gules, 
with a device I take to be a burning taper ; sinister gules, a fess argent. The 
lower part divided in accordance with Continental heraldry into three gyrons ; 
dexter argent, three lions rampant, two over one ; the centre argent, three 
hunting horns, one over two ; sinister barry of eight, .gules and argent. 
Above the triangle on the left, or.-, de and on the right, liege. [Belgium.] 
Below the shields, 7^. m.-. 5869. Reverse, Within a triangle two right hands 
ioined. On the left, aux ttt.-. on the right, ccc.-. fff.-. Below the triangle. 



34 MASONIC MEDALS. 

in very small letters, in one line, souvenir du f.-. brichaut and beneath 
that ETRANG.'. \Aux tvcs ckers freres etrangers. To our very dear foreign 
brethren.] At the top a quatrefoil pierced for a ring. Copper. Size i6. 

XLII. The Lodges of Dresden, (' The Three Swords,' ' The Golden 
Apple,' and ' Astra;a,') met in obedience to an order from the Grand Lodge of 
Saxony, July 2, 1817, in honor of the celebration on that day, by the Grand 
Lodge of England, of the centennial anniversary of its formation. In com- 
memoration of that event, these Lodges struck a Medal. Obverse, A celestial 
globe over a roll representing the Holy Scriptures which rests upon the 
extended points of the compasses. Under the roll is a square, its sides 
parallel with the legs of the compasses. On the globe stands a phenix, its 
head surrounded by rays. Zacharias says, " This miraculous bird * * * was 
anciently used by the Roman Emperors as an emblem to signalize grand 
centennial celebrations." ^^ Legend, ein zweiter phoenix schwingt sigh 

ERDUMFASSEND NACH HUNDERT lAHREN AUS DREI LICHTERN AUF. [After a 

century encircling the globe, a second phenix rises from the three great 
lights.] Reverse, Within a chain formed by clasped hands and love-knots 
issuing from a head of St. John at the base, an extract from a poetic effusion 
by Von Nostitz and Franckendorf, Past Grand Masters of the Grand Lodge 
of Saxony — dass das heilige sigh rette bindet die geweihte kette 
ORIENT AN ORIENT, in three lines. [That the holy (principle of Masonry) may 
preserve itself. Orient joins with Orient in a sacred chain.] Outside the 
chain is the legend, iubelfeier am iohannisfeste im grossen orient 
DRESDEN MDCccxvii. [Centennial Festival on St. John's Day by the Grand 
Orient of Dresden, 1817.J At the bottom, below the head, in small letters, 
KRUGER F. (the name of the Mint engraver at Dresden by whom the dies 
were prepared.) A few impressions of this Medal were struck in silver and 
bronze, and distributed among the Lodges participating. Size 30. (Figure 21.) 
XLin. Obverse, Within a radiant triangle having a crown on its apex, 
a burning taper upon two books. Legend, dem stifter der loge."' [To the 

24 Numotheca Numismatica Latomorum, I. iii. in so many instances that I hesitate to give a different ver- 

25 Merzdorf, p. 29, gives Meister, for Stifter, in sion, especially as the Medal viras in his collection. But 
the legend of this Medal. I have found him very accurate there was also one in that of Zacharias, whom we have 



MASONIC MEDALS. 35 

founder of the Lodge.] In exergue, 8 febr. 1835. Reverse, dem 5o iahrigen 

M.". MAURER, BR. C. V. BODELSCHWINGH PLETl'ENBURGH ALS DANK VON SEINEN 

BRUDERN in eight lines. [To Bro. C. V. Bodelschwingh Plettenburgh, fifty 
years a Master Mason, with the grateful love of his brethren.] This was 
struck by the Lodge The Bright Light, of Hamm, and presented to Bodel- 
schwingh on the fiftieth anniversary of his initiation. The dies broke after a 
few impressions were taken, and the Medal is now very rare. (Figure 22.) 
Bronze. Size 24. 

XLIV. Obverse. Bust of Von Zeschau to left, in a circle ; on the bust 
in small letters, koenig f. Legend, heinrich wilhelm von zeschau. in a semi- 
circle over the bust ; below it in two lines completing the circle, ciente dem 
vaterlande am 26 iuny 1828 FUNFZiG lAHRE. [Useful to Fatherland for fifty 
years, June 26, 1828.] Reverse, A wreath of olive surrounding a chain of 
love-knots, within which are a crossed sword and gavel. (Figure 23.) This 
Medal was presented to Von Zeschau, by his Masonic brethren of Dresden, 
when he had completed fifty years of public service, and had been a Mason 
for fifty-two years. Silver and bronze. Size 27. 

XLV. Medal struck by Lodges working under the "Rite of Strict 
Observance," commemorative of the death of Charles Gotthelf, Baron 
Von Hund, one of the founders of that Rite, and a prominent German 
noble, born Sept. 11, 1722 ; he died Nov. 8, 1776. He distinguished himself 
by his services in the Seven Years' War, and was honored by being appointed 
Privy Counsellor in 1769, Obverse, Bust of Von Hund in profile, to right. 
Legend, carolvs ■ l • b • ab hvnd et altengrotkav ; under the bust, in 
smaller letters, abramson. Reverse, (Figure 24,) A funeral urn, encircled 
by the Egyptian serpent as an emblem of immortality ; from the top 
of the urn hangs a ribbon, to which is suspended a Templar's cross ; on 
the base of the urn is the year of his death, mdcclxxvi. Legend, pietas 
fratrum. d. r. l. v. [The affection of his brethren.] The initials refer to 

followed, and the latter gives an engraving, which we have held in the Grand Lodge but says nothing of his service 
reproduced: in hU description, VIII. v. Zacharias says that as Master of the subordinate Lodge. I thnik his connec- 
Bodelschwingh was a fender (Stifter) of the Lodge The tion with that as its founder would more probably be corn- 
Bright Light, and then mentions important positions he memorated on a Medal. 



36 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Dresden, Rostock, Leipsic, and Weimar, (Vimaria,) the Lodges of which, at 
the suggestion of the Lodge Minerva of Leipsic, united in preparing this 
Medal. Silver. Size 31. Von Hund's Masonic history is given by Zacharias.'^ 
XLVI. Obverse, Bust of Broenner to left ; on the arm in small letters, 
l'al. Legend, iohann carl broenner. senator, geb. in frankfurt a. m. d. 
4. lUN. 1738. Reverse, Within a chain of square links, dem h. w. pr. u. dir. 

G. M. 5o I^HR. F. M. IUBILARIO GEWIDMET VON DEN BR. BR. DER CH Z. EIN- 

IGKEIT, IM o. zu frankf. Vm ^8^°9 in eight lines. [Dedicated to the Right 
Worshipful Provincial and Directorial Grand Master, on his fiftieth Masonic 
anniversary, by his brethren of the Lodge of Unity, Orient of Frankfort on 
the Main, June 4, 5809.] Silver. Size 26. (Figure 25.) 

XLVIL Obverse, An altar, on which is the Bible, opened at I. John, iv. 
16 ; above it, the radiant triangle with the tetragrammaton ; on the left of the 
altar an acacia bush, with the square, compasses and trowel at its foot ; on the 
right, a rose bush with a celestial globe and a gavel at its foot. In exergue, 

BR. a. L. v. MARTINETZ U ST. GEORGE K. P. MAIOR. STIFTER D A in four lines. 

Reverse, Within a wreath of oak-leaves, d v iulii mdcccxx vollendete l 

lAHR D A HERCULES IN SCHWEIDNITZ BR. I. G. W. V KAEMPF K. P. MAIOR D. 

z. GR. M. in eight lines. [On the fifth of July, 1820, the Lodge Hercules in 
Schweidnitz completed its fiftieth year, etc.] This Medal, commemorating the 
semi-centennial festival, was issued under the Mastership of a brother who, in 
September, 1829, celebrated his own half-century of membership in the Order 
and a quarter century of service in the East of his Lodge."' The Medal was 
cast in iron. Size 30. (Figure 26.) 

XLVIIL Obverse, A circle, within which is another, formed by a 
snake, its tail in its mouth, and the eye very large, which surrounds the 
inscription in old Russian characters, IHl oziRis outchrej : 1776 god: marta 
2 TCHis : NA vosTOK MOSKVYE. [Lodge of Osiris, founded March 2, 1776, 
Orient of Moscow] in five lines. Reverse, An eye above the phallic'^emblem. 

26 Numotheca Numismatica Latomorum, II. iii, where the eye on the reverse may allude to this. The emblem 
there is an error in the engraving, which has an I for an L on this Medal has caused some discussion among those ■ 
on the reverse. who have seen it,— but it appears to be a conventional 

27 Ibid. IV. V. representation of a well known symbol of Osiris, alluding 

28 The word Osiris is said to mean " many-eyed," and to liis dismemberment bv Typhon. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 37 

Legend in the same characters, tainstvennoe izobrajenie ozirisa [Myste- 
rious representation of Osiris.J Silver. Size 23. This very rare and curious 
Medal seems to have hitherto escaped notice ; I have found no allusion to it 
in Merzdorf, or any other list of Masonic Medals. The dies from which my 
impression was struck, are not very well cut, the circles surrounding the 
letters on both obverse and reverse, being quite irregular. The planchet, 
which is not perfectly circular, has a loop at the top for a ring. 

XLIX. Obverse, The head of the buried sphynx turned to the right, 
between an obelisk ornamented with hieroglyphics on the right, and a 
Corinthian column on the left ; in the back-ground are two pyramids ; above 
them, dividing the legend, the All-seeing eye with rays. Legend, | ••■ | les 
PYRAMIDES C". d'alexandrie and at the bottom, egypte. The name of the 
engraver of the dies appears to be cut in very small letters under the pillar, but 
I cannot decipher it. Reverse, activite union fraternite * mai 5866° • 
surrounding the inscription in six lines, au zele et au devouement du f.'. 

MEILLON ALEX— VENERABLE LES FF.*. DE LA R.". L.*. LES PYRAMIDES.'. The dies 

for the reverse of this Medal cracked, and it is rare. Bronze. Size 29. 

L. Obverse, On a triangle stand two fasces, bound with ribbons, which 
cross and unite them at the top and bottom. That on the right has upon it a 
flaming sword ; that on the left a caduceus, placed so as to form a right angle 
with the sword. Above, a pair of scales in equipoise, the beam entwined with 
a wreath of oak ; on it are suspended a square and compasses. Reverse, 

ITALIAE. GALLIARVMQ. ARCANAE. SAPIENTIAE HIEROPHANTIS SANCTIORI FOEDERE 

sociATis MEDiOL. ANNO. v.*. L.*. 58o8. in six lines. [To the teachers of the 
secret wisdom of Italy and France, allied in a holier treaty at Milan, in the 
year of true light 58o8,] Silver and copper. Size 25. Rare. Struck in Milan 
in honor of the alliance between the Grand Orients of France and Milan. 

X LI. Obverse, The double-headed eagle ,of the 33d grade holding a 
sword in his talons with the imperial crown above him. Legend, conseil de 
LA CLEMENTE AMiTiE. Reverse, A cross patee, gules. Over the upper bar of 
the cross, 30; on the left, k; on the right, s; alluding to the 30th degree, or 
•' Kadosh," and below it, 5834. SilyefC Size 16. Struck in Paris. 



38 MASONIC MEDALS. 

LII. Medal struck by the Lodge de la Clemente Amitie, Paris. Ob- 
verse, The square and compasses, around which are entwined acacia"^ branches ; 
within, C A in a cypher of script letters. Reverse, A man, naked, except 
for a small cloak hanging from his shoulders, walking to the left unharmed 
through flames which surround him ; his arms crossed upon his breast. In 
the right hand corner, in very small letters, gayrard. In exergue, l.-. d,-. l/. 
CLEMENTE AMITIE in two Hnes. Silver and bronze. Size 1 8. The date of 
this Medal is uncertain ; Merzdorf supposes it to have been struck in 1806, 
which is probably too early. The dies are believed to be yet in use. The 
Lodge was opened on the 8th of March, i8o5 ; it is still working, and 
has a chapter and areopagus or council attached,^" by the latter of which the 
previous Medal was struck. 

LIII. Obverse, Within a ring formed by a serpent, having its tail in its 
mouth, a cross patee gules, surmounted by a smaller cross bottone argent. 
Legend, sept ecossais reunis. c*. de paris. Reverse, The square and 
compasses, enclosing a star of seven points bearing the letter g. Between 
the points are flames ; around the star are figures in the following order, 
beginning at the top, under the head of the compasses, 7, 5, 3, i, 6, 4, 2, 
which are placed on the inner edge of a glory of sixteen points, surrounding 
the star, and the rays of which are surmounted by the square and compasses. 
Legend, la douce et confiante amitie les unit 5809. [Sweet and trusting 
friendship unites them.J Copper silvered. Size 19. This Lodge was instituted 
Febriwy 4, 1809. 

j/LIV. Obverse, Bust to right, of Cambaceres, with collar and jewel. 
On the edge of the bust, in small letters, le. f.*. jaley. f7.-. Below the bust 
a flaming sword, its hilt to the left, passing through a small square and 
compasses, the points of the latter towards the bust. Legend, j. j. regis 

29 I consider the branches to be acacia, though Merz- croix; others are both "chapitrale" and "areopagite," 

dorf calls them olive : but they are the same as others conferring the degrees up to the thirtieth. The " Grand 

which he calls acacia elsewhere. College of Rites " has the sole power to initiate into the 

29 It may be proper to state, that the degrees of the thirty-first, thirty-second, and thirty-third and last degree 

Ancient and Accepted or Scottish rite are not conferred in of the Scottish rite. (See Calendrier Magonnique du Grand 

France as in America. Many of the Lodges under the Orient de France for 1876, p. 40.) TUs explains why the 

Grand Orient of France, are "chapitrale," that is, having figure 30 is found on Medals of the French Councils, as on 

a " chapter " connected, which confers the degree of Rose- LI. &c. 




24 




XLV. 




PLATE VI. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 39 

CAMBACERES PRINCE ARCHi-CHANCELiER DE L EMPIRE. * Reverse, Within a 
wreath of acacia, tied at the bottom by a ribbon, la r.*. m.*. (Ttj ec/. de 

FRANCE sous LE TITRE DISTINCTIF DE S^*. ALEX""^'. d'eC*. ET LE CONTRAT 
SOC\-. REUNIS, C*. DE PARIS, A SON GRAND MAITRE LE 30^ JOUR DU I™ MOIS. 

5807. in eleven lines. [The Worshipful ^^ Mother Scottish Lodge of France, 
■ assembled under the distinctive title of St. Alexander of Scotland and the 
Social Contract Orient of Paris, to their Grand Master, March 30, 5807.] 
,^3ilver and bron/e. Size 25. This Medal is said to be very rare. 

LV. Obverse, An altar having three steps ; upon its top the two tables 
of the law. with a sword lying before them. At the foot of the altar is a 
cushion, and the square and compasses are leaning against its front. On the 
right side is a branch of olive, and on the left a sprig of acacia. The tables 
have the radiant sun on the left, and the moon darting its beams through 
clouds on the right. Legend, □ s^ antoine.-. du.-. parfait contentement.-. 
In exergue, 5785. Reverse, In the background on the right, standing upon 
rocks, is a temple supported by four pillars, the door closed, the pediment 
adorned with one, and the frieze with five, five-pointed stars. On the right and 
left of the temple are olive trees. In the foreground, on the left, a man hood- 
winked, clothed with a toga, his right leg and feet bare, his left hand grasped 
by an arm extended from clouds above him, is conducted over a winding path 
which leads to the temple. Legend, accroisem^ de l'ordre. [Increase of 
the Order.] In exergue, o.-. de.-. paris. Border beaded. Silver. Size 20. 
This curious Medal has not before been described to my knowledge. The 
Lodge by which it was struck is not now working. 

LVI. Obverse, A radiant triangle, on which at its top are extended 
compasses, and at the bottom a square ; between them, amis. Legend, orient 
de PARIS. Reverse, A pedestal, inscribed ad huc stat, [It yet stands,] sup- 
porting a broken column ; below the pedestal, in very small letters, des 
noyers, and below that 2, (which I suppose alludes to the year of the Revo- 
lution of 1789.) Legend, regime rectifie. [The amended rule.] Silver. 
Size 14. 

31 The letter R denotes Respectable, corresponding to our word Worshipful. 



40 MASONIC MEDALS. 

LVII. Obverse, On a rocky cliff stands a circular temple, supported by 
six columns, and surrounded by rays which fall from a triangle of three stars 
above. In the foreground at the foot of the cliff, is a pedestal, on which is a 
bust ; on its right a palette, brush and tragic mask ; on its left, a globe, scroll, 
comic mask, trumpet, and staff, with cap and bells, which I take to be the 
emblems of the Nine Muses. Legend, si virtus absit, nihil ipsa scientia 
PRODEST. [If virtue be absent, knowledge itself is of no value.] In exergue, 
COQUARDON. F. OFF.'. D.*. G.'. 0.". D.". F.". in two Hnes. Reverse, loge des 
NEUF SCEURS DR.". DE PARIS 5/76 in four lines. [Lodge of the Nine Muses, 
Orient of Paris, 5776.J Silver. Size 16. Somewhat rare. 

LVIII. Obverse, Bust of FrankHn,^'' facing the left; below, in small 
letters, bernier. Legend, benj. franklin minisT plenT des etats unis de 
l'ameriq. sept, mdcclxxxiii. Reverse, On a rocky hill a circular temple, 
within and near which are the Nine Muses at work. At the right, f. b. 
Legend, de leurs travaux naitra leur gloire. [From their labor springs 
their glory. J In exergue, des neuf soeurs. Silver and bronze. Size 19. 
This Medal is very rare. 

l/f^X. Obverse, Bust of Franklin,^^ facing the left. Legend, benjaminus 
franklin. Reverse, A serpent coiled in a circle, surrounding a radiant 
triangle, bearing the Hebrew letters for Jehovah. Under the serpent the 
square and compasses entwined by olive branches : on the right a trowel, and 
on the left a gavel. Over the head of the compasses are seven stars. 
Legend, les mac. franc, a franklin m.-. de la lCH des 9 soeurs o.-. de 
PARIS 5778 * 5829 •!• In very small letters between the dates, pingret f. 
. BrMT^ Size 26. The Provincial Grand Lodge at Rostock, Germany, has 
one in lead. The obverse of this Medal was muled with another reverse,^* 
not Masonic, and published by Durand, 1819, in the "Series Numismatica." 
The die of the Masonic reverse cracked, and the Medal is rare. [Figure 2, 
Frontispiece.] 

The Lodge by which these three Medals were struck was one of some 

32 This Medal is IV. in Appleton's Lisl of Franklin 33 This Medal is XII. in Appleton's list. 
Medals. See Journal o( Numismatics, Vol. VII. p. 49. 34 Ibid, No. XI. 



MASONIC MEDALS. • 41 

disfinction, and was originally instituted in 1769 by De Lalande, under the 
name of the Lodge of the Sciences. Voltaire, Count de Gebelin, and many 
other prominent men were members. From the abbreviation M, 'on this 
Medal, the Lodge is thought by some to have claimed the honor of having 
Franklin for its Master ; but we know of no authority for that supposition, and 
it is more probable that the letter is an abbreviation for Member. He was a 
member of a Lodge in Philadelphia, when he went abroad as Ambassador. 
Those interested in pursuing the subject will find a full statement of what is 
known in regard to it in the " American Quarterly Review of Freemasonry," 
Vol. I, page 217. 

/ LX. Obverse, A full blown rose, with the stem on which are eleven 
leaves, in the centre of a glory shaped like a star, on the inside edge of 
which is a circle of nine five-pointed stars. Legend, above, conservons sa 
FRAiCHEUR. [We preserve its freshness;] below, l.*. de la rose etoilee. 
REG.*. [Lodge of the Starry Rose revived.] Reverse, A double-headed eagle 
displayed, and holding a sword in its talons, the hilt to the right. A crown 
above it, from which a ribbon falls upon each head ; on the right, below the 
wing, a radiant Greek cross ; on the left, a square and compasses, enclosing a 
small five-pointed star, also surrounded by rays. Legend, praemia si studio 
conse)2uar ista sat est. [If I may obtain the rewards by zeal, that is enough.] 
Br^Kue. Size 18. 

LXI. A curious Medal, once belonging to Henry Price, first Provincial 
Grand Master of North America, of silver, struck in a die, with what would 
have been the field carefully cut out, leaving the objects equally to be distin- 
guished on either side. Obverse, Within a circle bearing the words amor. 
HONOR, et justitia. [Lovc, houor and justice,] and divided into quarters by 
the letters n. e. s. w. (the e at the top, between honor and et,) are two 
pillars, upon the top of which is a level : the square apd compasses on the 
Bible, above ; the top of the level and the joint of the compasses being 
together nearly in the centre. On the right of these the sun, a gavel and two 
crossed pens ; on the left, the crescent moon, a plumb, and a scroll on which 
is the forty-seventh proposition of Euclid ; from the top of the plumb diagon- 



42 MASONIC MEDALS. 

ally to the foot of the right hand pillar is the twenty-four inch guage. The 
same description applies to the reverse, except that the objects are reversed 
relatively to each other. On the rim of the circle at the bottom, sit lux et 
LUX FUiT [Let there be light, and there was light,] and at the top the All- 
seeing eye, between a m and 5763. A loop is attached, by which it was 
worn suspended by a ribbon. This Medal is of English origin, and is found 
with different dates, probably having been used as a Lodge or member's 
jewel.35 

LXn. Prince of Wales Masonic Halfpenny Token. Obverse, A shield 
bearing on a field gules a chevron between three castles argent ; on the 
chevron a pair of compasses extended. Crest, a dove proper on a sphere. 
Supporters, two beavers proper. Motto, on a ribbon beneath the shield, amor, 

HONOR ET JUSTITIA. Legend, 24 NOV. 1790 PRINCE OF WALES ELECTED 

G M -i- This was doubtless intended to represent the Arms of the Society of 
Freemasons, as used by the Grand Lodge of England before the union, 
which, as given by Burke, differ from the above in having the field sable, 
and no motto. Reverse, A triangle, within which is an angel, resting his 
left hand upon a plumb, and pointing with his right to the letter G, within 
the upper angle, from which issue rays ; behind the angel are clouds ; in 
the lower corners of the triangle are the square and compasses on the right, 
and a book on the left ; at his feet a gavel, trowel, &c. ; around the sides of 
the triangle, wisdom strength &• beauty. Legend, sit lux et lux fuit. On 
the edge, sunken, « masonic token i sketchley fecit 1794 Copper. 
Size 18. 

There are a great number of varieties of this token, the dies differing 
principally in the form of the clouds or the rays on the reverse, or the position 
of the letters or the dots after them on both obverse and reverse. The 
lettering of the inscription on the edge also varies greariy. The following are 
mentioned in " Batty 's Catalogue of the Copper Coinage of Great Britain, 
Ireland," &c. 

35 This wasalong time in possession of Mr. Thomas P. referred to on the preceding pages as the "Ritchie Medal." 
Ritchie, of Brookline, Mass., and has occasionally been A similar one with a different date is mentioned in Note 20. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 43 

■ - (a. ) HALFPENNY, PAYABLE AT THE BLACK HORSE, TOWER HILL. BattysS gives a number of 
varieties with this edge, more or less imperfectly struck ; in some cases several letters are wanting. 

{b. ) PAYABLE AT LONDON — the remainder of the edge being filled with alternate crosses 
and dots. 

(f. ) PAYABLE AT LONDON OR DUBLIN This Variety is also found with more or less of the 
letters omitted by carelessness in striking. 

{d. ) PAYABLE AT PARKEr's OLD BIRMINGHAM WAREHOUSE. 

(«. ) MASONIC TOKEN. I. scETCHLEY FUCIT. 1 794. (The name and /««'/ Spelled Incorrectly. ) 

"^ {/■) MASONIC TOKEN. I. SKETCHLEY, R. A. & P. G. S. BIRMINGHAM FECIT. 

{g. ) MASONIC TOKEN BROTHER SKETCHLEY, BIRMINGHAM FECIT. 
f^k. ) MASONIC HALFPENNY TOKEN, MDCCXCIV. 

Batty also mentions several varieties, similar to {e.) having blunders in the 
spelling of the words on the edge, as Maconic, Scritchley, &c., which we have 
not thought necessary to particularize. Both obverse and reverse dies have 
been muled extensively, as will be seen from the following numbers. 

LXIII. Obverse, As obverse of LXII. Reverse, The Royal arms with 
the motto of the Prince of Wales, ich dien on a ribbon. Legend, London 
& MIDDLESEX HALF PENNY. Edge as LXII {c.) Copper. Size i8." 

LXIV. Obverse, As obverse of LXII. Reverse, Bust of the Prince 
of Wales,^* to right. Legend, george prince of wales Edge, payable 
IN LANCASTER, LONDON OR BRISTOL. Copper. Size 1 8. 

LXV. Obverse, As obverse of LXII. Reverse, Three quarter bust of 
the Prince of Wales^^ to right. Legend, geo prince of wales, half penny. 
Edge as LXIV. Copper. Size i8. 

LXVI. Obverse, As obverse of LXII. Reverse, Bust of the Duke of 
York*" to right. Legend, FREDf duke of york. over the bust ; below, half- 
penny, 1795. Edge milled. Copper. Size 1 8.. 

LXVII. Obverse, As reverse of LXII. Reverse, As reverse of LXV. 
Edge as LXIV. This is also found*" with some of the letters on the edge 
omitted. Copper. Size i8. 

36 See 1019 to 1023, Halfpenny Tokens in his work on 39 Ibid. 543. 
the Copper Coinage of Great Britain. 4° Ibid. 15^ A. 

37 Batty, Copper Coinage, Halfpenny Tokens, 1643. 41 Ibid- 55°. 557. SS»- 

38 Ibid. 542. 



44 MASONIC MEDALS. 

LXVIII. Obverse, j h b in a cyphef' below a pair of scales. Legend, 
EAST GRiMSTEAD HALFPENNY, 1795. Reverse, As obverse of LXII, but with 
legend, pro bono publico. Edge, payable at j. & h. bookman. Copper 
and bronze. Size i8. 

LXIX. Masonic Penny Token of the Prince of Wales. There are at 
least two types of this token. 

\a) Obverse, Similar to obverse of LXII, (a triangle containing em- 
blems,) but without the words Wisdom, Strength & Beauty. Legend, 
MASONIC PENNY, 1795. Reverse, Similar to reverse of LXII, (arms, sup- 
porters, crest and motto,) but with legend, + pro bono publico * Edge, 

MANUFACTURED BY W. LUTWYCHE, BIRMINGHAM. 

(^.) Obverse, Bust of Prince of Wales to right. The legend on the 
obverse of the only one of this of which I have any knowledge is indistinct, 
it having been struck over another coin.*^ Reverse As («.) but having the date 
1795. Edge, as {a.) Copper. Size 20. These penny tokens are said to be 
rarer than the halfpennies, and do not appear to have been so extensively 
muled^ 

>LXX. Obverse, A broken column, round which is wound a wreath. 
On the right a plumb, and on the left a level. Below the column, ad hug 
stabit [Yet it will stand.] Legend, loge de la Constance eprouvee • 
Reverse, The square and compasses enclosing c e in a cypher of script 
letters. On the right of the compasses the sun, and on the left the moon. 
Legend, constituee par ^.e g. o. fr. le 12""' j"" du 6".^ Mf 5785- [Consti^ 
tuted by the Grand Orient of France, August 12, 1785.J Eorder b:iaded, 
edges milled. Copo^. Size 18. This Medal is struck like a coin, and is 
somewhat scarce. 

LXXI. Obverse, Within a wreath of acacia, tied at the base by a ribbon, 

bOGE JEAN de la FONTAINE 0.*. DE CHATEAU THIERRY in five lines. RcverSC, 

A radiant triangle, with the Hebrew letters for Jehovah ; on the rays which 
surround it, a square and compasses, the head of the latter being a five-pointed 

42 This is described by Batty under Halfpeiiiiies, 2176. ton, page n of this . volume, somewhat similar to this' 
I liave as yet found no allusion in" Batty to the Boorraan Gnmstead token. 
Masonic Co|>per token mentioned in the extract from Nor- 43 Batty, Penny Tokens, 988, 989. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 45 

blazing star, bearing the letter G. From the angles made by the legs of the 
compasses with the square arise two pillars, with ornamented capitals ; the 
shaft of that upon the left has the letter j upon it, and the one on the right, b. 
Below the angle of the square, two branches of acacia, crossed and tied by a 
ribbon, under which, and between the stems, in very small letters, roquelay. 
Legend, et erit merges copiosa. [And the reward will be abundant.] 
Brc^?^. Size 16. This Medal is said to be rare. I have not ascertained its 
date, but the Lodge is not now on the Calendrier Ma9onnique. 

LXXn. Obverse, A shield bearing on a field gules, a chevron azure 
between three castles argent, on the chevron a pair of compasses extended : 
crest, on a helmet afifrontee resting on the shield, a dove proper, on a hemi- 
sphere, with wings expanded, and a plume on its head. In front, and a litde 
to the right of the shield, a lion couchant, guardant : behind the shield on the 
left, a level, square, rule, and a sprig of olive. In very small letters under the 
emblems, stern, and under the lion, Paris. Legend, l HH .". anglaise n? 204 
OR .-. de bordeaux fondee en 1732- It will be noticed that these arms 
are those of the English Grand Lodge of " Modern Masons," before the 
union, with the exception of the chevron, which on the English arms is 
argent, and the dove, which in their crest is " close," and has no plume. 
Reverse, A level, surrounded by a triangular glory of rays, the points of 
which extend to the edge. Legend, Between the points, sagesse, union, 
charite. [Wisdom, union, charity.] Border, beaded. Bronze. Size 17. This 
Medal is said to be scarce. The Lodge Anglaise was founded April 27, 1732, 
and is still (1877) working, but I have not ascertained the date when the 
Medal was struck. 

LXXIII. Obverse, A phenix arising from flames towards the sun, 
under which, in two lines, 16^ j.-. du 8^ m.-. 5785. [October 16, 5785.] 
Legend, l.-. des amis incorruptibles a l'o.-. de paris. * Reverse, In a 
chain of love-knots a cypher of the letters a i in script. Copper and 
probably other metals. Size 17. 

LXXIV. Obverse, Within a wreath of olive and laurel is an oval 
shield, having a curving edge studded with small bosses, and bearing in the 



46 MASONIC MEDALS. 

centre the snaky head of Medusa/* On the top of the shield is a cock. 
Legend, □ des eleves de minerve * [Lodge of the Disciples of Minerva.] 
Reverse. A circle of five-pointed stars, surrounding the square and compasses, 
within which the cypher e d m formed of script letters. On the left of the 
compasses the crescent moon, and on the right the radiant sun. Legend, 
outside tht; circle of stars, illos ad veram lucem sapientia ducit. [Wisdom 
leads them to the true light.] At the bottom, 58oi. Struck like a coin. 
Bronze, and probably other metals. Size i8. This Lodge was founded at 
Paris, February i, 1801,''= but is now extinct. 

|/LXXV. Obverse, Within a wreath of oak and laurel, a five-pointed 
blazing star, in the centre of which is the letter G. Legend, ^ loge de 
sj EUGENE © over the wreath, and or.-, de paris below it. Reverse, In 
the centre the radiant sun, under which l'an 58o5.** Legend, constituee par 
LE G.'. o:. DE FR.-. LE 1 4".;" J.'. DU 3".^ M.-. D.". [Constituted by the Grand 
Orient of France, May 14, 58o5.] Edge, milled. Sih^. Size 17. This 
Lodg;e is now extinct. 

/'^LXXVL Obverse, Within a radiant circle a triangle, on which are four 
characters resembling the Hebrew tetragrammaton. Legend, .*. loge de 
s": J.". DE LA PALESTINE.', c". DE PARIS [St. John, &c.] around the rays, and below 
in small letters, filling out the circle of the legend, • anno 58o6 • Reverse, An 
altar elevated upon seven steps, its front ornamented with a double triangle, 
in which is the letter G. Behind the altar a mantle is suspended, upon which 
are the square and compasses in a wreath of laurel. Above the mantle a 
radiant triangle, with four pseudo Hebrew letters, as on obverse, on the right 
of which is the sun, and on the left the moon. On either side of the altar is a 
pillar, having a pine cone on its capital ; that on the right has a level on its 
base, and the letter B on its shaft : that on the left a plumb " on the base, 
and the letter I on the shaft. In exergue, an eagle on two crossed laurel 

44 Merzdorf, page 6i, calls this a Minerva-head, per- 46 Merzdorf gives this date as in two lines ; the Medal 
haps confounding it with the aegis of Minerva. in my collection has it in one line. 

45 The date on this Medal is that of the foundation of 47 Merzdorf calls this the tables of the law; it is true, it 
the Lodge, but not necessarily that when the Medal was is very wide for a plumb, but the line and plummet are 
struck, and this is true of many others of the French plainly to be distinguished on one in my collection. His 
Masonic Medals. description was made from an engraving. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 47. 

branches. Edge, milled. Struck like a coin. Silwh Size 17. The Lodge 
was founded at Paris, June i5, 1780, but is now extinct. 

LXXVII. Obverse, A wreath of oak and laurel, fastened at the bottom 
by a cord which passes around a globe from top to bottom ; a belt encircles 
the globe, inscribed honor ; on the globe is an owl. Entwined with the 
wreath is a ribbon passing behind the globe, on which are the words amor 
jusTiTiA. Legend, l.-. ec.-. des imitateurs d'osiris. [Scottish Lodge of the 
Imitators of Osiris.] Below, or.-, de Paris. Reverse, A triangle in which 
is an angel holding a level in his right hand and pointing upwards with his 
left to the letter G in its apex, beneath which is the All-seeing eye surrounded 
by rays ; behind the angel are clouds, and near him are a gavel, square, com- 
passes, trowel, and a closed book, upon the pavement at his feet. Below 
the triangle in very small letters, coquardon f. m.-. du.*. g.'. o.-. de f.-.*^ A 
circle incloses the triangle, between which and its sides are the words, beaute, 
below a mirror ; sagesse, below a pair of scales ; force, below two 
clasped hands : (these emblems are between the words and the triangle.) 
Legend, in the outer circle, sit lux et lux fuit. fondee le 13^ j.-. du 4!^. m.-. 
AN de l.-. v.*. l.-. 5819. [Let there be light and there was light. Founded 
June 13, in the year of true light 5819.J The design of the reverse of this 
Medal is evidently taken from that of the reverse of the Prince of Wales 
token, LXIL The planchet has a loop attached at the top. Copper, gilt. 
Size 23. 

LXXVIIL Obverse, Three triangles interlaced, and forming a nine- 
pointed star ; in the centre, a Maltese cross in a circle, surrounded by rays 
which extend as far as the points of the triangle. Legend, triple unite 
ecossaise. [Scottish Lodge of Threefold Unity, &c.J o.-. de paris, 5804. 
Reverse, Within a circle formed, by a serpent devouring its tail, the square and 
compasses, upon a circle of rays enclosing the letter g. Below the serpent, 

48. This doubtless signifies Coquardon fecit, member of shows that to be a mistake, and the title applied to the 
the Gr. Orient of France. The M. on some French Medals Wor. Master of a French Lodge, being Venerable, the 
has been taken as an abbreviation for Maitre, as, for in- abbreviation to denote that office would be V., or some- 
stance, on LIX, which has been supposed to prove that times V. M. as will be seen by others in this list. 
Franklin was Master of a French Lodge. This Medal 



48 MASONIC MEDALS. 

branches of laurel and olive, crossed. Legend, elle unit les hommes, [It 
unites mankind.] Copper. Size 18.''' 

/ LXXIX. Obverse, A circle inscribed in an equilateral triangle which 
forms a level, the plumb line bisecting the circle. Legend, l.-. et chap.-, 
d'isis or.-, de PARIS coNSTi .". EN 1808. * Reverse, Isis, facing, sitting 
upon a throne, on each side of which is a sphinx, seated and facing observer. 
Her right hand is placed on her breast ; with her left she scatters fruits and 
flowers. Legend, concordia liberalitate amicitia fulget. R^riendship 
shines by union 5° with liberality.] In exergue, merlen f. Bratfze. Size, 1 6. 
This Lodge was constituted July ii, 1808, but the Medal was not struck until 
some-years later. 

LXXX. Obverse, A double-headed eagle, displayed, placed upon 
two crossed standards, holding in his talons a sword, on which is a ribbon 
with the motto ordo a'b chad. Between the heads of the eagle is a 
crown. The standards bear the colors of the grade, — black, white,, and red. 
Legend, conseil des g.-. ch.-. el.-, k.-. s.-. d'isis -montygn.*' Below, v.-. de 
PARIS. Reverse, A circle formed by a snake devouring its tail, enclosing a 
Teutonic cross, (patee gules,) with the letters n.-. and u.-. on its right and left, 
P.-. above and 30.-. below. Legend, la douce et confiante atmitie les unit. 
[Sweet and trusting friendship unites them.] Copper and ti{{. Size iS.''' 

*^ LXXXI. Obverse, In a wreath of palm and acacia branches the 
inscription xsis * montyon * in two lines, with the stars under the words. 
Reverse, A triangle surrounded by rays, and having characters intended to 
represent the Hebrew tetragrammaton. This is a small decagonal jeton. 
Copper. Size 13. 

49 Merzdorf gives the size incorrectly as 23 millimetres, sidered as a continuation or revival of the Lodge Isis, the 
It is 29 millimetres, or 18, American scale. The Lodge date of the formation of that Lodge, 1808, is often assigned 
was founded September 25, 1801, but is now extinct. to it. The Lodge and Chapter are still working (1877,) but 

50 Merzdorf gives the first word of this legend Concor- the Council is dormant. For information concerning this 
diae, but a rubbing of this Medal, kindly sent me by Medal, which is not exactly described by Meradorf, and 
F.-. Hubert of Pans, shows this to be incorrect. the two following, which he does not mention, I am 

51 The abbreviations on the obverse are for the words greatly indebted to Messrs. Hubert and De Prinx of Paris, 
Grands Chevaliers Elus Kadosch Vallee de Paris; i. e., the latter of whom has a valuai)le collection of Masonic 
Grand Knights Elect of Kadosh, &c. The abbreviations Medals. 

on the reverse signify Ne plus ultra ; 30 refers to the grade, 52 The reverse of this Medal is used with an obverse of a 
in the A.-. A.-, or Scottish Rile. The Lodge Isis-Mon- Medal of the Council of Sept Ecossais Reunis, of which I 
tyon was established January 27, 1833, but as it is con- have not yet seen a description. See also LIII. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 49 

LXXXII. Obverse, Inscription in five lines, chap.*, isis montyon v.-. 
DE PARIS. Reverse, A Latin cross, charged with a rose. This is an oval 
jeton. Copper. Size 17 by 14. 

LXXXIII. Obverse, The square and compasses, crossed, within which 
a radiant five-pointed star ; on either side, and partly surrounding them, are 
two laurel branches. Over the compasses, jeton ; below the square, de 
PRESENCE ; around the field a border divided into two semi-circular tablets, 
between which are five-pointed stars. The lower tablet is plain. Legend, in 
the upper tablet, republique franjaise. Reverse, jeton de presence, in 
the upper part of the field in three lines, the first curving. The remainder of 
the field plain, for a name to be engraved. Borders and legend like obverse. 
It has a loop at the top, so it may be worn, if desired, suspended by a ribbon 
Bronze. Size 22. 

LXXXIV. Obverse, A naked figure standing on a " mound," his arms 
extended, and holding in his right hand a burning lamp, of antique form, and 
in his left a radiant triangle, in the centre of which is the All-seeing eye. In 
the background are clouds. Legend, above the figure, i,.*. de l'amitie 
fraternelle ; below it, o.-. de bourg fondee en 5827. Reverse, plain. 
The obverse was apparently struck as a shell, and a blank attached for the 
reverse. It has a loop at the top, and is probably a member's jewel of the 
Lodge above named. This is said to be rare, and was unknown to Merzdorf. 
Silver. Size, 26," 

LXXXV. Obverse, A small square and compasses crossed, below 

which, HOMMAGE DE FFF.'. MAC. d'eUROPE A LEURS TTT.*. CCC.'. FFF.' DES 

etats-unis d'amerique 5776 * 5876, [Tribute of the Freemasons of Europe 
to their very dear brethren of the United States of America, 5776-5876,] 
in seven lines, the last curving. On the star, a cherub's head. Reverse, 
Branches of oak and laurel, open at top and crossed at bottom, enclose the 
square and compasses, within which a glory of six points surrounds the 
letter G. On the joint of the compasses a small five-pointed star. Struck in 

S3 The Lodge Amitie Fraternelle, of Bourg-en-Bresse, date 5827, on the Medal, is correct. The Lodge is still 
(Ain,) was founded January 21, 1828. The Masonic year (1877,) working, 
in French Lodges, commences with March, so that the 



50 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Paris, in honor of the United States Centennial. Brorrze and copper gilt. 

Size 23. 

LXXXVI. Obverse, As LXXXV. Reverse, The head of Liberty, to 
left, wearing a Grecian helmet, the face uncovered, a wreath of olive on her 
forehead. Bronze and copper gilt. Size 23. 

LXXXVII. Obverse, In a wreath formed by oak and laurel, laboris 
FULCiMENTUM. P. F. 0.'. DANGERS. i8i I, in four lines. [The incentive^t of labor.] 
According to Merzdorf, p. 49, p. f. stands for pere de famille, which I 
take to be the name of the Lodge. Reverse, A cock, hen, and four 
chickens. Legend, non sibi sed suis, (Not for himself, but for his.) Bronze. 
Size 18.=^ 

LXXXVIII. Obverse, On a manthng, a shield azure, bearing a skull 
argent, with the letters below, m. o. ^.=* Legend, l.-. de la s.-. et p.-. 
UNION 0.". DE BESAN50N. [Lodge of Sincerity and Perfect Union, Besangon.J 
Reverse, As the reverse of XXX. ; the legend signifying " it perishes that it 
may live."" 

/^XXXIX. Obverse, Two hands extending from clouds and clasping 
each other. Below, 5789. Legend, r.\ l.-. de la franchise. Reverse, 
The radiant sun, surrounded by the square and compasses crossed. Below, 
s.". F.'. B.'. (Sagesse, Force, Beaute, or Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty.) 
Above the compasses, o.\ de chartres. SilvgiC Size, 16. 

XC. Obverse, A burning altar, in front of which the blazing star in a 
triangle. Beside the altar, the sun and moon. Legend, l. du feu sacre. 
[Lodge of the Sacred Fire.] In exergue, f. e. Reverse, The square and com- 
passes between branches of laurel. Legend, orient de clermont. ' The 
date of this Medal I have not been able to learn, further than that it was 
struck previous to 1840. 

XCI. Obverse, Within the square and compasses, entwined with laurel 
branches, is a five-pointed blazing star bearing the letter G. Legend, loge 

54 Literally, the support. 57 I have not seen this Medal, which is engraved in 

55 An engraving of this Medal is given in Tresor de Thory's Annals, Plate IV., No. 17, and described by 
Numismatique et de Glyptique. Paris, 1836, 52, g. Merzdorf, p. 49 ; as the obverse is very similar to XXX, . 

56 Perhaps for MORS OMMIBUS AEQUUS. (Death comes and reverse apparently the same, I think the latter are' 
alike to all.) from the same dies, which would make the size 20. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 51 

DE LA PARFAiTE EGALiTE o.'. DE ROUEN • Reverse, Two skeletons, that 
upon the right crowned and holding a sceptre ; the one on the left having a 
shepherd's staff in his right hand, and in his left a level over an open book 
which lies upon an altar between the skeletons. The altar stands on a mosaic 
pavement approached by seven steps, and over it is a radiant triangle, with 
Hebrew characters. On the left is a pillar having the letter J on its shaft and 
extended compasses on its base ; on the right k another pillar, its shaft having 
the letter B, and on its base a square. Silvan Size 20. [Figure 27.] Both 
dies of this Medal have been badly cracked, and it is very rare in perfect 
condition. 

XCII. Obverse, A cross, on which is a rose ; above the cross a radiant 
triangle and at its foot a pelican, feeding its young ; on either side of the cross 
a sword ; on the left is a tower and above it a table of shew-bread ; on the 
right the seven -branched candlestick, and above it the tables of the law. 
Reverse, As XCI. Silver. Size 20. These curious Medals were struck, 
probably about 1795, by the " chapitrale " Lodge of Perfect Equality, in 
Rouen, which is now extinct. 

XCIII. Obverse, In a heptagon a wreath of acacia branches, tied at the 
bottom by a cord and tassels.- The cord is arranged in the form of a shield, 
with loops of love-knots ait the top, and encloses a lev.el with rule, square and 
compasses, interlaced ; above the level on the right, the radiant sun, and on 
the left the crescent moon ; over the wreath is a five-pointed blazing star, on 
which is the letter G. Legend, (outside the heptagon,) loge des arts reunis 
o.-. DE ROUEN. 58o8. ' Reverse, (in a heptagon,) Minerva in the left fore- 
ground leaning on a shield on which, around the radiant sun, the motto 
OMNIBUS UTiLis [useful to all] ; behind her a sprig of acacia ; in her right hand 
is a lance ; her left points to a temple in the back-ground, approached from 
a rugged path by seven steps, and supported by four pillars ; on its frieze r.-. 
13.-. J.-. 5 808 ; above the inscription, a globe and other emblems ; on each side 
of the temple is an olive tree. Legend, (outside the heptagon, as on obverse,) 
ANiMUM Hic domare NEC NON PARERE LEGiBUS. [Here learn to subdue the 
passions and to obey the laws.] Under the .lower side of the heptagon, as if 



52 MASONIC MEDALS. 

in exergue, 58o8. Bronze. Size 19. The die of the reverse is broken, and 
the Medal is rare.'* 

XCIV. Obverse, A female figure in flowing drapery, holding in one 
hand a sprig of acacia, while with the other she sprinkles water from a vase 
upon the ground. In the distance, a temple. Legend, l.-. de la perseve- ■ 
RANGE couRONNEE o.". DE ROUEN, followed by seven stars. Reverse, A 
temple, with tesselated pavement, approached by steps ; above it, the. All- 
seeing eye; on each side of the temple is a pillar." Legend, post tenebrae 
LUX. [After darkness, light.] Silver. Size 19. 

XCV. A female figure, in martial costume, covered by a mande, the 
folds of which envelope her left arm, by which she leans upon a Doric column. 
Her right hand holds a flaming sword, the handle of which she places upon an 
altar adorned with Masonic emblems, — the square, compasses and triangle ; 
partly concealed behind the altar is an acacia bush. Legend, □ .". la con- 
stance eprouvee, o.-. de ROUEN. 5835. The reverse is plain, for engraving 
a name,*° &c. Silver. Size 24. 

XCVL A naked female figure, representing Truth, with floating locks, 
one foot on the ground, and the other resting on a globe ; in her right hand a 
radiant triangle, and in her left, a pen and the tables of the law. Reverse, , 
Seven steps, between. two columns ; above" the steps, a radiant triangle over 
the square, compasses, and level.*' Legend, iHl .". de la verite a l'or.-. de 
ROUEN. 5835. Silver. Size, 20. 

XCVII. Obverse, A cubic stone on which is a basket, containing three 
branches of olive, laurel, and acacia ; behind the branches are the compasses, 
square, and gavel. Legend, • l.-. des amis reunis or.\ de rouen * around 
the upper part, and below, filling out the circle, an de la v.*. l.\ 58o8. [Year 
of true light, 58o8,] Reverse, Minerva standing, on the left, holding in her 

58 For a description of this interesting Medal, and the XCIV, lie had never seen it, and does not descrilie it. 

following numbers struck at Rouen, I am indebted to 59 This Lodge was instituted Nov. 2, 1817, and the 

the kindness of M. Eugene Vienot, 33° , of Rouen, Vene- Medal was mentioned in the account of the Festival of the 

rable, or Worshipful Master, of the Lodge Perseverance Order, December 26, 1829, p. 33. 

Couronnee, Member of the Grand Council of the Order in 60 This Medal is-that pre-sented to honorary members. 

France, of the Grand College of Rites, and one of the The Lodge was instituted Aug. 2, 1823. 

most prominent Masons in that country. XCV and XCVI 61 This Lodge was instituted May 3, 1834. 
were unknown to Merzdorf, and though he mentioned 



MASONIC MEDALS. 53 

right hand a. palette and brushes, and in her left a lance ; at her side is a 
shield, resting on the ground, and having the inscription omnibus utiles. 
[Useful to all.] In the background on the left, a pyramid, and on the 
right a temple of four columns, on the frieze of which is r.-. 13.-. j.-. 1808. 
in very small letters, and on the pediment the radiant Hebrew letter jod. 
Silver. Size 20. Rare.*^ 

XCVIII. Obverse as XCVII, except the legend has the word arts 
instead of amis. Reverse, as XCVII. Silver. Size 20. 

KXCIX. Obverse, On the left, an altar surrounded by a garland, and 
having on it three burnings hearts. . At the foot of the altar are the square, 
compasses, level, and plumb. Above, oh the right, a radiant triangle. In 
exergue, ardente amitie o.-. de rouen. in two lines. Reverse, A leafless 
tree, over which an ivy vine has grown. Legend, la mort heme ne l'en a 
PAS separe. [Death itself has not separated them.] This is an octagonal 
jeton, and was probably struck about 181 2. Sihf«rf. Size 20. 

C. A Medal in the form of a cross flory. Obverse, On the extremity 
of each arm a quatrefoil ; on the left arm, coeur; on the upper arm de lion ; 

on the right arm, com'''' ; and on the lower arm, k. t xxiii in two 

lines. At the intersection of the arms, a shield per pale ; dexter, per fess 
sable and argent; sinister, argent, a sprig of broom. Crest, a helmet affrontee. 
Supporters, two lions rampant gardant. Reverse, Plain. Bronze. Size 24 
between extremities of the arms. 

CI. A Medal in the form of a shield. Obverse, Within an Etruscan 
border a scene representing Mary kneeling at the feet of the Saviour, His 
right hand extended above her head. In exergue, rabbonl On the border 
at the top, MARY. Reverse, mary cqmmandery. ♦ n" 37 ♦ masonic 

knights ♦ templar # PHILADELPHIA. CONSTITUTED OCT. 1 8. 1 869. KNIGHTS 
TEMPLAR REUNION IN COMMEMORATION OF THE HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY OF 

AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE, JUNE if 1 876 in Sixteen lines, the first six 
straight, and the remainder curving. Bronze. Size 22 in breadth, by 29 

62 The Legend on this I presume is an error of the die- the last of which is now {1877,) presided over by Fr.-. 
sinker in using the word Amis for Arts, as the "Lodge Vienot, was instituted Dec. 29, 1807, and I find no mention 
Arts Reunis," which has chapter and areopagus attached, of a " Lodge Amis Reunis " in Rouen. 



54 MASONIC MEDALS. 

in length. Suspended by a ring from a bronze Greek cross, gules, on which 
the word mary. between 1869 and 1876. The cross, 22. The inscription 
sufficiently explains the Medal, and the occasion for which it was struck. 
Some were also struck in white metal, without thecross.^^ 

CII. A Medal in the form of a Norman shield, with a border, containing 
at top sT ALBAN in a semi-circle between n" and 47. On the left side, Phila- 
delphia, and on the right, commandery. At the bottom, a small Maltese 
cross. Within the border, a large cross patee, above which, centennial, and 
below it, 1876. Reverse, Plain. Bronze. Size 48 greatest length, by 24 
greatest width. 

y cm. A Medal representing the " Liberty Bell," its top surmounted by 
a crown, through which passes a passion cross. On the upper part of the 
bell, in two lines, in hoc signo vinces. On the sides, curving to conform to 
the shape of the bell, Philadelphia commandery. n° 2. On the centre of the 
bell, 1776.' centennial. 1876. in three lines. On the lower edge, knights 
templar. Reverse, Plain. Silver. The bell is two inches long, and the 
same across the bottom. It was suspended by a gilt figure 2 from a gilt cross 
and crown, the cross having the letters inri on its bar. 

CIV. A Medal in the form of a cross. Obverse, In the centre a raised 
elliptical panel, on which is a pilgrim with staff and scrip, to left. On the 
upper arm of the cross, a small cross and crown above a semi-circle with the 
word pilgrim : on the lower arm, a semi-circle containing com^ Nf 11. below 
which, in the left corner, a square and compasses, and in the right, a triangle. 
On the left arm, knights templar ; on the right, harrisburg pa. Reverse, 
Plain. Suspended by a ring from a clasp, on which is a small shield with a 
cypher of the letters p c, and constituted dec 28th i855 in three lines, the 
first curving upwards. Bronze. Length 24, width 20. 

CV. A Medal in the form of a cross patee. Obverse, An ornamental 
shield, on which is a monogram of the letters h de p c. between no and i. 
Around, on each arm of the cross, are four scrolls, each containing one word 
of the motto in hoc signo vinces beginning at the top. Reverse, A circle, 

63 I am indebted to the kindness of Wm. Poillon, Esq., of New York, for an impression of this Medal. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 55 

containing a passion cross, above which centennial, and below, in two lines, 
JUNE 1ST PHILADELPHIA all curving. On the upper arm, knights templar 
REUNION in two hnes, the first curving ; on the lower arm, hugh de payens 
n° I JERSEY CITY. N. J. in three lines, the first and last curving. On the left 
arm, 1876, and on the right, 1776. Silver. Size 32. Suspended by chains 
from a clasp, having the letters inri in a panel. 

CVI. A passion cross, of silver, on the intersection of which is a gilt 
circle, containing a knight on horseback, charging, surrounded by an 
enameled .circle, with the legend above, york commandery, and below, 
^< NEW YORK •!< the whole surrounded by rays. On the left arm of the cross, 
K. ; on the right, t., and on the lower, 55 in an oval. Reverse, Plain. Size, 
length 24, width 18. 

CVII. Obverse, A Freemason standing by a cubic stone, holding a 
plumb in his left hand ; his right is placed on his breast. Legend, labor, 
siLENTiUM, libertas. [Labor, silence, liberty.] Below, at the left, on a mosaic 
pavement, arbien. Reverse, A pyramid, about which various Masonic 
working tools are lying. Below, are the arms of the English Grand Lodge. 
Legend, Above, on a ribbon, connubia scientiarum honesta [The honorable 
union of the sciences]. In exergue, hamburgi, 1742. in two lines. This 
Medal is very scarce, but five impressions** having been struck. The size 
and metal I have not ascertained. 

CVin. An eight-pointed star, upon which is the cross of the Order, 
having the Hebrew tetragrammaton, and to which is suspended by a ribbon, 
the cross of St. Andrew. Reverse, Two crossed swords, above which is a hat, 
and below, in two lines, 5745 hambvrgi. Under all a bursting pomegranate. 
Legend, ex summa, (From the highest.) This Medal was struck for the 
" Scottish Lodge " in Hamburg. 

CIX. Obverse, the All-seeing eye in a radiant triangle, surrounded by 
clouds, below which are two hands holding an olive wreath over a cypher f. c. 
in script letters. Legend, virtus ♦ » * coniuncta [United virtue.] (Figure 28.) 

64 See Merzdorf, p. 24, who says there is one in the pos- in plaster, &c., in his own, and one or two other collec- 
session of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, and casts of it tions. 



5 6 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Reverse, Within a ring formed by a crowned serpent devouring its tail, pr^- 

SENTI^ SERENLSS. PRINCIPP. D. XVIII MAY MDCCLXXVI SACRUM. HAMB : [In 

honor of the presence of the most serene princes. May i8, 1776, Hamburg,] 
in six hues. Silver. Size 19. This Medal was struck in honor of the visit of 
the Grand Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, and the Landgrave Carl of Hesse to 
the three united Lodges of Hamburg, viz : Absalom, of the Three Netdes, 
St. George, of the Evergreen Fir, and Emmanuel, of the Mayflower, on the 
date mentioned on the reverse. The letters on the obverse are the initials of 
the names of the princes, the stars allude to the Lodges named, and the 
obverse itself is the badge of the Lodge Ferdinanda-Carolina of the Three 
Stars, founded in honor of this event. 

ex. Obverse, Bust to left, of Jaenisch, Grand Master of the Hamburg 
Grand Lodge. Legend, Gottfried jacob jaenisch. m. d. Reverse, Within 
a wreath of laurel, dignissimo magist. ord. monumentum amoris latomi. 
hamburgens. mdcclxxviii. [To the Most Worshipful Master of the Order, a 
testimonial of the Masonic love of Hamburg, 1778] in seven lines. Silver. 
One was struck in gold. 

CXI. Obverse, Armored bust to left, of Prince Charles of Hesse, with 
collar and star of the Order. Legend, carolus princeps hassiae. Below, 
G. L. (Initials of Gustav Ljungberger, the die cutter.) Reverse, A domed 
temple, supported by four columns, and surrounded by the sea. On 
the dome are statues of Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty. In the fore- 
ground. Masonic working tools. Upon the wall, in two divisions, are four 
shields, with the initials a. g. e. fc. Over the entrance, a crown ; below 
which, the letter c : within is an altar ; on the left of the temple is the radiant 
sun, and on the right, a rock. Legend, monument, pietat. liberor. murarior. 
HAMBURG. [In token of the loyalty of the Freemasons of Hamburg.] In 
exergue, mdcclxxix. Silver. Size 24. This Medal was struck in honor of 
Prince Charles of Hesse, " Protector" of the four united Lodges of Hamburg. 
Sievert, in describing it, explains the letters to mean Augustus Carolus 
Gubernator Exceptus Fraterna Concordia. I believe this to be fanciful, and 
that the letters are simply the initials of the four Lodges, Absalom, St. George, 




Rev. 



28 




CIX. Rev. 



27 



XCI. 




Obv. 





CIX. Obv. 




29 



CXV. 




PLATE VIL 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



57 



Emmanuel, and Ferdinanda-Carolina, and that the initial c, below the crown, 
must refer to the name of the Prince. The dies were presented to Prince 
Charles, and are believed to be still preserved in Copenhagen. 

CXII. Obverse, The interior of a temple, in which is an altar draped, 
having on the frontal the square and compasses : upon the altar lies the Bible. 
The temple shows two rooms, with arched roof, the rear supported by Ionic 
columns, and that in front by square columns ; in the space between the 
arches are cherubim ; the rooms are separated by a rail. The front apartment 
has a mosaic pavement. Legend, primum in germania conditum latomorum 
TEMPLUM HAMBURG! D. 6. DEC. 1737. [The first German Masonic Lodge 
founded in Hamburg, Dec. 6, 1737.] In exergue, on left, in very small 
letters, alsing (the name of the coiner in the Altona Mint). Reverse, The 
star or " token " of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, — a " diamond " or square 
suspended by a ribbon from one corner, surrounded by rays forming a glory 
of sixteen points. On this is placed a smaller square, diagonally with the 
first, within which is the tower of Hamburg, surrounded by the square and 
compasses, placed so as to form a third square, its sides parallel with those of 
the outside one.^' Legend, sodalitas lai'Omorum hamburgensis prima cele- 
BRANS secularia d. 6. DEC. 1 837. [The Masonic Fraternity of Hamburg, 
celebrating their Centennial, Dec. 6, 1837.]*^ Merzdorf says there were five 
or six struck in gold, some in silver, and a great number in bronze. Size 27. 
I am indebted to Mr. G. F. Ulex of Hamburg, for a fine impression of this 
Medal in silver. 

CXIII. Obverse, A blazing star, in which is the cypher ST. G, the G 
large and enclosing -the other letters. Legend, klein im entstehen. [Small 
in its origin.] Below, in a semi-circle, □ s^ georg in Hamburg, constit. 
SEP. 24. 1743. Reverse, A fir tree, under which septembr. 24. 1843 in 
two lines. Legend, wachse ferner empor vom grossen baumeister 
BESCHUTZT * [Grown higher under the protection of the Grand Architect.] 
This Medal was struck in honor of the Centennial of the Lodge ; one 

65 This "slar" is the same with that engraved above 66 (See IX on this list.) 
the cross in Figure 3. 



58 MASONIC MEDALS. 

impression was taken in gold, and presented to the composer of a cantata 
sung at the celebration. Silver and bronze. Size 23. 

CXIV. Obverse, In a circle formed by a serpent devouring its tail, two 
right hands clasping each other above an altar, upon which is lying a gavel 
and a cable-tow, the tassels of which fall upon a mosaic pavement. The 
front of the altar has upon it the square and compasses. At its foot, in small 
letters, 6. febr. 1867. Legend, z. 5o jaehr. jubelf. d. st. j. l. z. unver- 
BRUCHLiCHEN EiNiGKEiT ♦ HAMBURG ♦ [Fiftieth anniversary of the St, John's 
Lodge of Inviolate Unity, Hamburg.] Reverse, St. John the Baptist, holding 
a crosier in his left hand, lifts a veil hanging behind a door approached by 
three steps, and partly reveals a five-pointed blazing star. In exergue, e. j. 
8. v. 32.*'' Near the edge in very small letters, w. k. Silver and other 
metals. Size 18. (Figure 30.) 

CXV. Obverse, A wreath of oak leaves, the centre left blank to engrave 
a name.^^ Legend, in anerkennung segensreicher thatigkeit * 1870 — 
1871 * [In recognition of happy labor.] Reverse, A Greek cross, gules, on 
which is lying the square and compasses ; over the top, the " star of the 
Order," or Grand Lodge jewel, as described in CXII, to which is attached a 
chain, linking the arms of the five united Lodges of Hamburg, around the 
remaining branches of the cross : i . three nettles, one over two ; the badge of 
the Lodge " Absalom of the Three Nettles ; " 2. a fir tree ; that of " St. George 
of the Evergreen Fir ; " 3. a mayflower ; that of " Emmanuel of the May- 
flower ;" 4. F. c. in a cypher of script letters ; below are three stars ; above the 
cypher, issuing from clouds are two right hands clasping each other below a 
radiant triangle, within which the All-seeing eye ; the badge of the Lodge 
" Ferdinanda- Carolina of the Three Stars;" 5. A mountain, on its front the 
square and compasses, on its top a dove with wings expanded, over it the 
radiant triangle, with the All-seeing eye ; on the left, the rising sun, and 
on the right, two figures : the badge of the Lodge " Ferdinand of the Cliffs." 
Legend on a circle surrounding the field, zuR erinnerung gewidmet v. d. 5 

67 I take tins to refer to the 8th chapter 32d verse of St. 68 For information and an engraving of these two Med- 
John's Gospel, "And ye shall know the truth, and the als, CXIV and CXV, I am indebted to the kindness of Mr. 
truth shall make you free." G. F. Ulex, of Hamburg. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 59 

VEREiNiGTEN LOGEN IN HAMBURG. [Dedicated as a memento of the five united 
Lodges in Hamburg.] On the inner edge of the circle, in small letters, 
H. LORENz u. SOHN. Silver. Size 28. (Figure 29.) This Medal was struck 
in 1873 by the five Hamburg Lodges, for presentation to eleven ladies, in 
recognition of their humane services to sick and wounded soldiers in the war 
of 1870-71. 

CXVL Obverse, Within a wreath of acacia branches, tied by a 
ribbon at the bottom, is a tablet representing the two tables of the law, sup- 
ported by clouds. The left table has the letter b.-. at the top, and that on the 
right, J.'. — across the tablet in three lines, liberte. egalite. fraternite ; 
below it, a gavel. On the left, the square and compasses ; on the right, a 
triangular level and setting maul ; over the tablet, the letter G surrounded 
by rays. Reverse, l.-. des artistes reunis * o.-. de limoges * in a circle, 
surrounding the inscription au f.*. [space for a name to be engraved] pour 
DEVOUEMENT MAC". Gilt. Size 17. This Medal was apparently intended to 
be presented to initiates, as were VL, XXIL, XXXIIL, &c. The Lodge by 
which it was struck was founded September 24, 1827, but the Medal is not 
mentioned by Merzdorf. 

aCXVIL Obverse, In a wreath of olive and laurel, three united burning 
hearts, below which are the square and compasses.^* Legend, l.*. des coeurs 
UNis A l'or.". de DIEPPE. Reverse, The fasces, over which is a ribbon in three 
folds, having the motto, vis unita furtior. [United power is stronger.] 
Above the ribbon is a radiant triangle with the Hebrew letter jod. Below, 
two branches of oak. This was probably struck about 1 8o5. Size 1 7. S. 

Another jeton was struck by this Lodge, about 1784, which is similar to 
the above, but has the name des coeurs reunis, as appears by Merzdorf, 
p. 5o, who however gives no description. 

CXVin. Obverse, Three equilateral triangles, interlaced, and forming 
a nine-pointed star, in which is the radiant sun, and below which is 58o2. 
Legend, □ ecos. de la parfaite union, o. de douai * [Scottish Lodge 

65 Merzdorf calls the square a level, but the engraving on reverse as given, FURTIOR for FORTIOR : whether this 
in Tresor Numismatique, Napoleon, plate 12, figure 10, is an error in the die, or only in the engraving, I am 
shows it to be a square. The engraving has the legend unable to say. 



6o MASONIC MEDALS. 

of Perfect Union, Orient of Douai.] Reverse, A female figure seated, to 
right, her right hand resting upon the fasces, her left holding a caduceus and 
wreath. At her feet are the square, gavel, compasses and rule. Legend, On 
the right, (going only on^ quarter round,) consociare amat. [It delights 
to meet together.] Cooper. Size i8. 

CXIX. Obverse, A female figure seated on a cubic stone, which is 
adorned with the square and compasses, and holding in her left hand a cadu- 
ceus and a crown, her right resting on the fasces ; in the background on the 
right a temple, and in the left a pyramid. Legend, parfaite union c. de 
DOUAY. • Reverse, A wreath of olive, enclosing the inscription in three 
lines, G.-. o.-. 5777. ECOSS-PHiL-5784. h-d-m. 5803.^^ Size 16. 

CXX. Obverse, In the field a pair of scales, under which 58 12. 
Legend, s.-. trib.-. dep!^ des gg.*. jj.\ seant a douay. [Departmental 
Sovereign Tribunal of Grand Inspectors sitting at Douay .*^] Reverse, The 
All-seeing eye, above which is praesentibus [To those present], and below 
it c im o. Size 14. 

CXXI. Obverse, Two pillars, the left inscribed with j : and the right 
with B : between which is a star. Legend, Constance eprouvee. Below, o.'. 
d'evreux. Reverse, In a circle formed by a snake devouring its tail, a square 
and compasses, enclosing the letter g surrounded by rays. Below are an olive 
and laurel branch crossed, completing the circle, the upper part of which is 
formed by the legend, elle unit les hommes. [It unites mankind.] Size 17. 
This Lodge was founded November 18, 1800. The Medal is assigned to the 
year i8o5.^* 

CXXII. Obverse, An altar, on which lies an open book : the front of 
the altar has an inscription pro dec et patria. [For God and Fatherland.] 
Above is a radiant triangle, on the right of which is the sun, and on the left 
the moon : on each side of the altar is a pillar, that on the right inscribed with 
B, and that on the left with j. In exergue, in small letters, des f. and 

66 The abbreviations ■ are for Grand Orient. Ecossaise Numis.) Merzdorf gives Inspecteurs. (See his Index.) This 
Philosophique. Herodom. This Medal is engraved in is engraved in Tresor Numis. , Napoleon, plate 56, figure 4, 
the Tresor Numismatique, Revolution, plate 96, figure 7. This same Medal appears to have been restruck in 1844. 

67 The abbreviations are for Souverain Tribunal Depart- and used as a Prize Medal. See Merzdorf, p. 51, note, 
mental des Grands Inspecteurs, (not Juges, as in Tresor 68 See Tresor Numismatique, Napoleon, pi. 12, fig. 9. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 6i 

n .-. DES HHH o.-. DU HAVRE 58 1 3. [Lodge of the Three Hs, Orient of 
Havre, 1813.] in three lines. Reverse, A five-pointed blazing star, in which 
are the square and compasses, and on either side a branch of myrtle. 
Legend, harmonia honor humanitas regunt.. [Harmony, Honor and 
Humanity rule.] Bronze. Size 18. 

CXXIIL Obverse, As obverse of CXXH, except that the book and 
altar are smaDer, and the legend on the latter is omitted. Instead of the 
triangle is a triangular level, with very small rays. Reverse, In a wreath of 
oak and laurel, harmonia honor humanitas regunt, in four hnes. Size 18.^9 

CXXIV. Obverse, Two pillars, their capitals adorned with ears of 
wheat below the globes. That on the right has the letter b on its shaft and a 
level on its base ; the other has j on its shaft, and a square and compasses on 
its base. Between the pillars a temple, supported by six Ionic columns ; within 
it is an altar, on which rests an open book, and the letter g above. In the 
pediment a radiant triangle. A ladder extends from the foot of the right 
pillar to the cornice of the temple, and from the foot of that on the left a 
derrick, to which is suspended a stone. The temple is approached by seven 
steps from a Mosaic pavement, the alternate squares of which contain circles 
and lozenges. In exergue, loge de l'amenite. Reverse, A radiant triangle, 
containing pseudo Hebrew letters, sheds its beams upon the peaceful waves of 
the sea. Legend, amenitas lumine viget. [Literally, Amenity gains vigor 
with light.] In exergue, or.-, du havre. Heptagonal.='° Silver, and silver 
gilt. Size 20 from one angle to the opposite side. Length of side, 9. 

CXXV. Obverse, An olive tree, on the right of which is the five- 
pointed blazing star with g, and on the left the square and compasses. 
Legend, □ ec.-. de l'olivier ecossais. [Scottish Lodge of the Scotch Olive.] 
In exergue,' o.". du havre 10 x. 5829 [December 10, 1829] in two lines. 
Reverse, Between two Ionic pillars, the one on the left inscribed with b, and 

69 This and the previous Medal are engraved in Tresor description agrees with him. The Lodge, now known as 

Numismatique, Napoleon, plate 58, figures 10 and 11. that of Les Trois H., or " The Three Hs, " was founded 

Merzdorf, who had in his collection this Medal, says that January 10, 1793, and is still working, with chapter of 

there is an error in that engraving, — the obverse of Rose Croix and Areopagus attached. 
CXXII being combined with reverse of CXXIII, and 70 This Lodge, chartered May 15, 1775, is still working 

the obverse of CXXIII with reverse CXXII, and our at Havre. 



62 MA SONIC MEDAL S. 

that on the right with j, is an altar with seven steps, the front of which is 
adorned with the letter m, and upon its top is a three-branched candlestick 
with three lighted tapers. Over the candlestick is a circle of rays surrounding 
the All-seeing eye in a small triangle with the Hebrew tetragrammaton below 
it. On the right of the candlestick is the moon, and on the left the radiant 
sun. Legend, (in the spaces outside the pillars) charite egalite. In 
exergue, very small depaulis. Bronze, and copper gilt. Size 19. Some 
of these Medals had a loop at the top, so that they might be worn as 
" Members' jewels." This and the preceding are not mentioned by Merzdorf 

CXXVI. Obverse, A lyre, above which is a wreath of flowers ; on the 
left is the crescent moon, surrounded by nine stars, and on the right the radiant 
sun. Under the lyre are two clasped hands, stretched from the clouds, and 
below them c. de louviers. 58o5 in two lines. Reverse, In a wreath of 
olive, the inscription in four lines, ex lumine artes amicitia. [From light 
proceed arts and friendship.] ^' Silver Size 17. 

CXXVII. Obverse, A wreath of roses. In the field above, a rose upon 
a radiant cross, below which a pelican feeding its young ; on the left, a head 
of Minerva, below which is an owl ; on the right, two clasped hands, over three 
triangles, one above the other, the apex of the two lower ones touching the 
bases of those above. Reverse, s.-. c.-. de l'ecole de la sagesse et du 
TRIPLE-ACCORD REUNis A LA v.*. DE METZ. 58i2 in eight lines.'^ [Sovereign 
Chapter of the School of Wisdom and Threefold Accord, assembled in the 
Valley of Metz.] Silver. Size i5. 

CXXVIII. Obverse, As CXXVII. Reverse, As CXXVII, but with 
V. DUN FRANC (Value of one franc) in place of 58 12." Silver. Size i5. 

CXXIX. Obverse, Upon a mantle a shield"* quarterly : i, a dexter 
hand couped, holding a crozier ; 2, a pair of compasses extended upon an arc ; 
3, a sword and sceptre crossed saltire wise ; 4, similar to 2, but within the 
compasses a rose (?). Over the mantle is an Eastern crown. Legend above," 

71 The Lodge " Des Arts et de I'Amitie," was installed at 73 This and the preceding are engraved in Tresor Numis. 
Louviers, December 20, i«o5. This Medal is engraved in Napoleon, plate 56, figures 5 and 6. 

Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate 12, figure 6. See XXIX. 74 The colors are not denoted in the engraving from 
of this list for another Medal of same Lodge and date. virhich our description is made. 

72 Abbreviations are for Souverain Chapitre, and Vallee. 75 The abbreviations are for Souverain Chapitre. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 63 

s.-. c.-. DES AMIS INDIVISIBLES. Below, VALLEE DE PARIS. Reverse, In the 
centre of the field the radiant sun, under which 58o5. Legend, jnstalle 
?AR LE G.-. o.-. DE FRANCE LE 13^ J. Du 4^ Mois. [Installed by the Grand 
Orient of France, June 13.'*] Silver and bronze. Size 17. 

CXXX. Obverse, The sun rising out of the' sea, above which is the 
legend, ab oriente oriar. [I shall rise from the East.] Reverse, The sun, 
on the rays of which are three triangles interlaced, making a star of nine 
points, and between the points the letters mledcsodp. [Scottish 
Mother Lodge of the Social Contract, &c."] Under the star, []]] Legend, 
above, si fodieris invenies. [If you dig you will find.] Silver. This Medal 
is said to have been struck on the formation of the Lodge, which took place 
in 1776, as mentioned on obverse of CXXXI. 

CXXXI. Obverse, A celestial globe resting on a pillar, on the left of 
which are the square, compasses, and a perfect ashlar, and on the right a gavel, 
rule, and open book. Legend, mere loge ecossaise de France. [Scottish 
Mother Lodge of France.] In exergue, in two lines, foNdee a l'o.-. de paris 
en 5776. On the right in exergue,^' le f.-. jaley f. Reverse, Three 
triangles interlaced to form a nine-pointed star, in the centre of which the 
blazing sun. Legend, si fodieris invenies, [If you dig, you will find.] 

Below, LE CONTRAT SOC". ET Sj| ALEX.". d'eC*. REUNIS LE 11^ I.*. DU 12. M.", 

58o5. [The Social Contract and St. Alexander of Scotland, united Feb. 1 1 , 
i8o6.'»] This is a heptagonal jeton. Silvpin'''bize 20. 

CXXXII. Obverse, Similar to obverse of CXXXI, but without the 
lettering le f.-. jaley f. in exergue. Reverse, As reverse of CXXXI, but 
the lettering, le contrat, &c.. below the star, is omitted. This Medal was 
struck in 1826, in honor of the semi-centennial of this Lodge. Silver. 
Heptagonal. Size 20? Scarce. 

CXXXIII. Obverse, On the right the sun is rising from behind a 

76 The Masonic year in France commences in March. 79 The twelfth month from March, 1805, would bring 
This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate this date into February, 1806, the year begmmng with 
8, figure 2. March. Engravings of this Medal are given m Tresor 

77 The abbreviations are for Mere Loge Eccossaise du Numis. Nap., plate 13, figure 4, and in Thory's Annals, 
Contrat Social, Orient de Paris. Append. 25, plate 3, number 13. 

78 For Le Frere Jaley fecit. 



64 MASONIC MEDALS. 

mountain ; on the left is a broken column on the side of which are two 
crossed compasses ; at the foot of the pillar on the right are the compasses 
and two gavels. Above is a hand pointing towards the sun. Legend, above, 
SI FODiERis INVENIES. In exergue, in two lines, l- e- d- s- a- o- d- p- 
[The letters' denote Loge Eccossaise de St. Alexandre, Orient de Paris ; or 
Scottish Lodge, &c.J Reverse, The letters l. d. s. | c. d. t. d. l. | p. h. d. s. 
A. D. E. I [m divided into three Hnes of three, five, and seven, as shown by 
the marks, and denoting, according to Merzdorf, Loge de St. Charles du 
Triomphe de la Parfaite Harmonie de St. Alexandre d'Eccosse. Legend, 
QU^RiTE ET INVENIES. [Seek and ye shall find.] This Medal was used in 
the Philosophic degrees of the Scottish rite, by the Lodge of St. Alexander, 
which was afterwards united with the Scottish Mother Lodge of the Social 
Contract. (See Nos. LIV and CXXXL) Silver and copper. Size i8, 

CXXXIV. Obverse, The All-seeing eye in a radiant sun, above which, 
on a streamer of ribbon, lumen de LUMiNfe. [Light from light.] Reverse, 
As reverse of CXXXIIL This Medal was struck by the same Lodge as the 
previous one, and, according to Merzdorf, on its foundation. If this be correct, 
its issue was previous to i8o5, but we are unable to fix the date nearer. 
Edge milled. Silver and coppe?: Size i8. 

CXXXV. Obverse, As obverse of CXXXIV. Reverse, As obverse 
of CXXXIIL This Med^l is struck on a thin planchet, the border beaded 
and edge milled. Bron^f Size i8. 

CXXXVI. Obverse, Bust of Anacreon to left, crowned with roses : on 
the edge of the bust, george f. Legend, loge d'anacreon o.-. de Paris. 
58o5. Reverse, A lyre on an altar adorned with the square, compasses, level 
and rule. Legend, l'amitie les arts les dames. [Friendship, the arts, the 
ladies.] This is assigned to i8o5, the date on the obverse, in Tresor Numis- 
matique, Napoleon, plate 12, figure 8, but Merzdorf queries this, as if it might 
perhaps be later. An octagonal jeton. Silver, and bronze. (?) Size 20. 

CXXXVII. Obverse, Bust of Anacreon, looking to the left, under 
which, N.-, TioLiER F.-. Legend, loge d'anacreon o.-. de paris. 58 18. 
Reverse, A lyre standing on a cubic stone, adorned with the square, com- 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



65 



passes, and other Masonic emblems. Legend, l'amitie les arts les dames 
58o5. This and the preceding Medal are very much alike, but as will be 
noticed^^^e from different die sinkers.*" Silver. Size 1 5. 

/^-"t^XXVIII. Obverse, Between two olive branches, the square and 
compasses, in the centre of which is a five-pointed star, with the letter g. 
Legend, HH des cceurs unis o.-. de parts. [Lodge of United Hearts, &c.J 
5elow, CD. F. Reverse, In the field, between two branches of laurel, in four 
lines, A NAPOLEON ROi de ROME. (To Napoleon, King of Rome.) Below, 
7 AVRiL ♦ 58 1 1 * in two lines. SihierT' Size 17. This Medal appears to 
have been struck in honor of the infant son of Napoleon, soon after his birth.*' 

CXXXIX. Obverse, Above two crossed olive branches are the square 
and compasses, enclosing a five-pointed blazing star,, on the centre of which 
is the letter g. From the square is hanging a Maltese cross.*^ Legend, iZII de 
l'abeille imperiale.-. [Lodge of the Imperial Bee.] Reverse, A beehive 
surrounded by swarming bees. Legend, zele ferveur union. In exergue, 
UTILE DULCE [The useful and the pleasant.] Size i5. This Lodge was 
founded November 18, i8o5. 

GXL. Obverse, Between crossed branches of olive and laurel, a shield 
bearing the crowned eagle of France : on the right near his head are the 
compasses, and on the left the square. Legend, m].'. de l'aigle francaise. 
[Lodge of the French Eagle.] In exergue, in two lines, or.", de paris, 58o6. 
On the left, laurence. Reverse, In a circle formed by a snake devouring 
its tail, a blazing star, on which is the letter g; above are the square and 
compasses. Legend, elle unit les hommes [It unites mankind.] Below, 
completing the circle, are branches of myrtle and laurel crossed.*' Size 20. 
This Lodge was founded December 2, 1806. 

CXLI. Obverse, The eagle of France surrounded by rays ; over his 
head the imperial crown, his wings drooping, in his talons a thunderbolt, and 
the square, compasses, gavel, protractor, &c. Below is a five pointed star. 

80 I take the description of this from Merzdorf, No. I02, 82 Tlie date assigned this Medal in Tresor Numis- 
p. 77. He does not give the size or metal. matique, Napoleon, plate 34, figure I, where it is en- 

81 This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis., Napoleon, graved, is 1807. 

plate 50, figure 11. 83 Engraved in Tres. Numis. Napoleon, pi. 17, fig. 6. 



66 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Legend, loge de l'aigle imperiale de france. [Lodge of the Imperial 
Eagle of France.] Reverse, In a wreath of olive and laurel the cypher 
AIDE in script letters. Below, 6807. Size 17.^'' 

CXLII. Obverse, Minerva, seated, to left, holding an olive branch in 
her right hand ; her left rests on a shield bearing a blazing star. At her feet, 
in front, is a level. Legend, l.*. des amis de la paix. [Lodge of the Friends 
of Peace.] In exergue, nar.-. f. (probably for Narbonne fecit.) Reverse, 
On a mantling of ermine, above which is an Eastern crown, a shield azure, 
emblazoned with the square and compasses. Legend, o.-. de paris 22^ i. du 
4" MOis 5789. [June 22, 1789.] Silv^. Size 18. 

CXLIII. Obverse, As obverse of CXLII, except that there is a gavel 
between the level and her feet, and the legend is nearer the edge. The 
lettering of the name in exergue is also very small. Reverse, As reverse of 
CXLII. ^5 sil\^ Size 18. 

CXLIV. Obverse, The square and compasses, enclosing a triangle on 
which is the letter g. Legend, l.". franc*, et ecc". des sinceres amis or.". 
DE PARIS. [French and Scottish Lodge of Sincere Friends.] ^^ At the bottom, 
5798. Reverse, A radiant sun of eight points within a circle formed by a 
snake devouring its tail. Legend, Above, post tenebras lux. [After dark- 
ness light.] Below, filling out the circle, is a garland of flowers. Size 19. 

CXLV. Obverse, An eagle with expanded wings, holding a ribbon 
inscribed concgrdia.-. Veritas [Harmony, ' truth.] Below are the square, 
compasses, and level. Legend, loge df:s amis triomphants. [Lodge of 
Triumphant Friends.] In exergue, orient de paris. On the rights just 
above the exergue, in small letters, thevenin. Reverse, Two olive branches, 
crossed, within which above, a five-pointed star, having the letter g in its 
centre. In the field below, in three lines, recompence au zele An 18 id. 
Size 17.^ 

^XLVI. Obverse, A blazing star, bearing the letter g, under which in 

84 Engraved in Tresor Nuinis. Napoleon, pi. 23, fig. 14. 86 The abbreviations are for Loge Francaise et Eccossaise. 

85 Tliis, with the previous Medal; is engraved in Tresor This is engraved in Tresor Numis. Rev. pi. 70, fig. 9. 
Numis. Revol. plate 2, figures 5 and 6. See also XXVUI 87 This is engraved in Tresor Numismatique, Napoleon, 
on this list, for another Medal of this Lodge, which is en- plate 47, figure 13. 

graved in Tresor Numis. Rev., plate 16, figure 6, 



MASONIC MEDALS. Qj 

five lines, fonde par le v.-. f.-. esprit, l'an. 5789.-. [Founded by Wor- 
shipful^^ Bro. Esprit, 1789.-.] below which a small square and compasses. 
Legend, l.-. de s?:- auguste de la parfaite intelligence « • [Lodge of 
St. Augustus of Perfect Intelligence.] Reverse, A pelican surrounded by 
rays, between the sun and moon : below on the left is a tree, in the centre 
a temple, and on the right a beehive with swarming bees and two gavels. 
Legend, fiat lux. [Let there be light.] Size iS.*^ /P-. tr^ds^ 

CXLVn. Obverse, The square and compasses between two branches 
of laurel ; in the centre of which is a five-pointed blazing star, on which is the 
letter g. Legend, CH des cceurs unis g.-. de paris. [Lodge of United 
Hearts, &c.] Below, od. f. Reverse, On an altar are two burning hearts, 
its front is adorned with a panel containing a five-pointed star, in which is the 
letter g. Legend, unis par l'honneur et l'amitie [United by honor and 
friendship.] In exergue, 58o8. The Lodge was founded May 7, 1766,'° 
Silver. Size 17. >C«<f-t«^«J rr, 

CXLVIII. Obverse, Similar to obverse of CXXXVIII and CXLVII, 
but the wreath is called acacia by Merzdorf. Legend, As CXLVII. Reverse, 
Similar to reverse of CXLVII, but the date in exergue is,5820. Sjiver.'' /^ 
P^XLIX. Obverse, A wreath of two branches of olive, in the centre of 
which is a level. Legend, commandeurs du mont thabor. Reverse, A 
radiant sun behind a mass of rocks. Legend, bonum est nos hic esse. [It 
is good for us to be here.] In exergue, 5807. C^pjJer. Size 19. The 
Lodge received its charter March 11, 1808, but caused this jeton to be struck 
in December, 1807.9' 

CL. Obverse, Armored bust to right of Liberty, wearing a wreath of 
wheat, olive and grape leaves, — emblematical of corn, wine and oil, — and a 
necklace of alternate hearts and clasped hands. On her shoulder appears a 

88 The abbreviations signify Venerable Frere, or Wor- similar to the obverse of CXXXVIII, but the wreath 
shipfiil Brother. varies. 

89 This Lodge was instituted in 1789 at Paris, but is now 91 This is mentioned in the French Proceedmgs, " Sol- 
extinct. The Medal is engraved in Tresor Num. Rev. pi. stice d'hiver," 1829, and on page 33, the sire is given as 
16, fig'. 8. 10 lines. Merzdorf, p. 78, No. 109. 

90 This is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, 92 This is engraved in Tresor Numismatique, Napoleon, 
plate 30, figure 14. The obverse of this Medal is very plate 24, figure 4. 



68 MASONIC MEDALS. 

lion's head and mane, and behind her, as if resting on her left shoulder, the 
fasces, but with a liberty cap in place of the axe ; over her head a small six- 
pointed star. Legend, republique franjaise, the words widely separated. 
Reverse, An ornamented border, forming a double circle, contains the legend, 
RECEPTION PAR LA COMMUNE DU g! CORTEGE MA90NNIQUE [Reception by the 
Commune of the Grand Masonic Cortege], and at bottom, very small, two 
clasped hands, (the Communist emblem of fraternity.) Within the circle is 
the inscription in eight lines, le 30 avril, 1871 les f.-. m.-. bannieres en tete 

SONT REJUS PAR LES MEMBRES DE LA COMM'!! DE PARIS DANS LA COUR d'hON- 
NEUR DE l'hOTEL DE VILLE ORNEE DES EMBLEMES F.'. M.*. [On the 30th of 

April, 1 87 1, the banners of the Freemasons at its head, the cortege was 
received by the members of the Commune of Paris, in the Court of Honor 
of the Hotel de Ville, which was adorned with Masonic emblems.] Over 
the inscription are two compasses crossed, and below it is the level, (Commu- 
nist emblem of equality.)" Copper (?) gilt. Size 32. 

CLI. Obverse, Within an ornamental border, the inscription in eight 
lines : le 30 avril 1871 la g!! manif.*. des f.*; m.-. apres avoir ete rejue 

PAR la COMMUNE VA A LA COLONNE DE LA BASTILE BANNIERE EN TETE DE 

CHAQUE lZj .*. Au NOMBRE DE lo.ooo MEMBRES. [April 30, 1871, the Grand 
Manifestation of the Freemasons, after having been received by the Com- 
mune, proceeded to the column of the Bastile, a banner at the head of each 
Lodge, to the number of 10,000 members.] Above the inscription, a very 
small level, and below, two clasped hands, also very small. Reverse, Within 
an ornamented circle, the inscription in five lines, federation des □ .*. m.*. 
PARisiENNES coNSTiTUEES ID MAI 1871. [Alliance of the Masonic Lodges of 
Paris, formed May lo, 1871.J Abovq the inscription a small wreath, and 
below are a liberty cap two clasped hands, and a level, very small, denoting 
liberty, equality, fraternity.'* Copper, gilt. Size 32. 

CLII. Obverse, A female figure, standing, her face turned to the left, 

93 I have one of these Medals, which appears to be a Medal. Another Medal struck by the Commune in April, 
cast from an original, but very sharp. 187 1, is described under XXXI. 

94 The remarks made in the previous note apply to this 



MASONIC MEDALS. 69 

holds erect in her right hand a sword, the hilt of which she places on a 
burning altar, the front of which is adorned with a five-pointed star : her 
left hand embraces a pillar, on the right of which are the square and 
compasses. Legend, l.-. de la Constance couronnee. [Lodge of Crowned 
Constancy .95] In exergue, o.-. de paris • Reverse, A temple supported by 
six Doric pillars, (three on either side of a closed door,) approached by seven 
steps : on the right of the temple a beehive and bees, over which is the 
radiant sun, and on the left is an olive tree, and above,. the crescent moon. 
Legend, fiat lux [Let there be light.] In exergue, 58o6. Bronz^ 
Size 18. ^ 

»^ CLIII. Obverse, St. Paul, or perhaps a brother of the Order of St. 
Vincent de Paul, with a child on his right arm, standing by a sleeping child. 
Legend, HH des disciples de st. pavl, 5820. In exergue, in two lines, 
HVMANiTE. DVBOVR F. Reverse, The two pillars, between which are the eye, 
ear, and mouth, below the square and compasses. In exergue, o.-. de paris. 
5820 in two lines. Co^p^ Said to be of the size of 135 lines in " Solstice 
d'hiver," 1829, p. 33, quoted by Merzdorf.'* 

#/CLIV. Obverse, St. Paul, holding in his right hand an infant, extends 
his left above a naked sleeping child, upon a rock (?) which he approaches. 
Legend, l.-. des disciples de s'^ v'^ de paul [Lodge of the Disciples of St. 
Vincent de Paul.] In exergue, humanite. Reverse, Two branches of olive, 
between wJiich are two pillars — that on the left having j on its shaft, and the 
other, B. Between the pillars are a flight of seven steps, above which are 
an eye, ear, and a mouth closed by the finger of a hand : above these are 
the square and compasses. In exergue, c*. de Paris. Brop*^. Octagonal. 
Size 2 1 . Somewhat scarce. 

^^LV. Obverse, A glove and dagger, and the square and compasses, 
above which is a radiant triangle. Legend, □ des disciples de st. v. de 
ST. PAUL. o.-. DE PARIS 5820. Reverse, A circle formed by a snake devouring 

95 This Lodge was installed January 25, 1806. The 96 See his description, pp. 78-9, No. i to. This Medal 
Medalis engraved in Tresor Numis. Nap. plate 17, resembles very closely an octagonal jeton in my collection, 
figure 7. next described. 



70 MASONIC MEDALS. 

its tail, within which are the square, cpmpasses, and gavel, over a rule, and 
surrounded by two branches.^' CoppgJ!% 

CLVI. Obverse, Inscription in six lines ; le s.-. chap.-, des 7 eccossais 
REU.-. AU CH.-. DUCHATEAU, Assiduite aux Travaux, 5819. [The Sovereign 
Chapter of the Seven United Scotchmen, to Chev. Duchateau, for devotion 
to labor.] Reverse, Within a wreath of olive a cross, on which is a rose 
surrounded by rays. In exergue, coquardon f. Legend, roi esperance 
CHARiTE VALL.-. DE PARIS 58i9 [Faith, Hope, Charity. Valley of Paris, 1819.J 
This Medal I suppose to have been a "jewel" presented to members, as a 
portion of the inscription on the obverse is engraved.'^ 

CLVII. Obverse, A circle formed by a snake devouring its tail, in 
which is a radiant triangle, containing the Hebrew tetragrammaton. Legend, 
EMULES * d'hiram * c". DE PARIS. * [Emulators of Hiram, &c.] Reverse, 
Between two pillars inscribed with the letters j and b, is a level, above which 
is a blazing star with the letter g, and below. 5822. In exergue, jaudin. 
This is a nine-sided jeton. 

CLVIII. Obverse, An ear of wheat. Legend, l.-. de l'epi d'or. [Lodge 
of the Golden Ear.J Reverse, The square and compasses, enclosing a five- 
pointed blazing star with the letter g. 'Legend, Above. 0.". dEjParis. Below 
is 58 LO. Silver. Size 17.'^ 

r CLIX. Obverse, A female figure, having a sun upon her breast, is 
seated upon a cubic stone ; before her is a pillar, her right hand is uplifted, 
and in her left hand is a book on which can be read the words verite union 
JUSTICE divided into six lines. [Truth, union, justice.] Above, in a cloud 
surrounded by rays, the Hebrew letter jod ; on the right, in the foreground is 
a pyramid, against which are leaning the tables of the law. Below, on the 
left, is the name of the die cutter in small letters, n. gatteaux. Reverse, 

97 The description of this Medal, like that of CLIII, I These two have the same date, 5820, an.l one or the other 

take from Merzdorf, p. 79, No. Iil. There seems to be may have merely been stiuck as a trial piece. Merzdorf 

an error in tlie legend as given in CLIII and in this. The does not definitely describe the braikches on the reverse. 

Saint apparently intended to be commemorated, from the 98 See Merzdorf, p. 77, No. 105. 

devices, is St."Vincent de Paul, and if this supposition is 99 This is gngraved in Tresor Numisraatique, Napoleon, 

correct, the legend on the two Medals would be, Disciples plate 47, figure 14. 
de St. V. de Paul, which conforms to the jeton CLV. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 71 

A temple surrounded by rays, in which a statue is standing ; the temple is 
approached by nine steps, over which on the left, gat. in small letters. In 
exergue, in two lines, r.-. l.-. de la reunion des arts a l'o.-. de paris. 
[Respectable or Worshipful Lodge of the Reunion of Arts, &c.J Silver and 
bronze. The date of this Medal is uncertain ; but can be approximated by 
the welljcnown name of the die sinker. ^i^-//^ 

^cLY^. Obverse, A wreath of laurel and olive, enclosing a five-pointed 
blazing star, in which is the letter g. Legend, □ de la parfaite reunion 
a l'o.-. de PARIS. [Lodge of Perfect Reunion, &c.J Reverse, A circle 
formed by a serpent devouring its tail, surrounds a triangle, in which is the 
radiant sun. Over the triangle are nine stars, in groups of three ; on the left 
a plumb, on the right a level, and below, the square and compasses. Legend, 

CONSTITUEE PAR LE G.'. C". DE FR.'. LE 7 "."^ j!* DU 3"^ M.*. D.'. L.*. V.". L.'. 

58o2 * [Constituted'"" by the Grand Orient of France, May 7, in the year of 
true light 58o2.] Copper. Size 18. 

CLXI. Obverse, Between two olive branches, tied at the bottom, the 

, fasces, but without the axe. Below, g.*. o.-. f.-. [Grand Orient of France.] 

Legend, juncti roborantur. [Unrted they are stronger.] Reverse, A circle 

formed by a snake devouring its tail, enclosing a triangle, on which is the 

radiant sun. Copper. Size 19. 

CLXII. ■ Oljverse, As obverse of CLXI, but without the olive branches. 
Reverse, As reverse of CLXI, but without the serpent. Copper. Size 19.'°' 

CLXIII. Obverse, Ajemple, supported by six pillars, and approached 
by three steps ; in the pediment a five-pointed star ; in front of the steps are 
the square, compasses, trowel, ashlar, &c. On either side of the temple is a 
Corinthian pillar, that on the right having the letter b on its shaft, and that on 
the left the letter j. Over the temple are nine stars, the radiant triangle, and 
the sun on the right and moon on the left. Legend, ab illo lux et robur. 

100 The legend in full is as follows :— Constituee par le them, page 62, says the preceding (CLXI) is engraved in 

Grand Orient de France, le septieme jourdu troisieme mois Tresor, as cited ; but this is an error, as the plate shows 

de la vrai lumiere 5802. This Medal is engraved in Tres. this, (CLXII) and not CLXI. He also mentions that this 

Numis. Revol. pi. 90, figure 8. is engraved in Thory's Annals, app. 25, pi. i, No. I, and 

10: This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Revol. pi. gives their probable date as 1802. 
93, figure 16. Merzdorf, who had this Medal, describing 



72 MASONIC MEDALS. 

[From this come light and strength.] In exergue, G.-. o.-. F/. [Grand Orient 
of France.] Reverse, Similar to CLXI, but the triangle is much less dis- 
tinct, and the rays of the sun are longer : the legend is the same."" SiWer, 
Size r8. ^ 

KCLXIV. Obverse, A pyramid, on the right of which a man is seated ; 
behind him is an acacia bush and a globe ; at the foot of the globe a scroll 
with Masonic devices. In the sky above are nine stars, in groups of three. 
In the background, faintly seen, is another pyramid, and a pillar. Legend, 
□ DU POINT PARFAiT A l'g.'. de PARIS * 5760 [Lodge of the Perfect Point, 
&c.] Reverse, A circle formed by a snake devouring its tail, within which 
on a platform is a beehive, on the left of which is a square and rough ashlar, 
and on the right the compasses and a perfect ashlar : above on the left the 
radiant sun. Below the platform a gavel and trowel crossed. Legend, 
ETERNiTE CONSTANCE * Edge milled. Silver and broj*^. Size iS.'"' 

CLXV. Obverse, A triangle, upon which • is an anchor, the flukes 
partly below the base. Legend, l iHl .•. de l'ocean francais. [Lodge of 
the French Ocean.] Reverse, An eagle with expanded wings, standing on 
several cubes, which are united to his heart by threads : over him is a radiant 
triangle, and below on the left is a square, and the compasses on the right: 
under the square in small letters, tiollier f. Legend, ardens quaerit, 
SOLA coNSPiciT, BENiGNA REFERT. [He seeks >with ardor, examines in soli- 
tude, and judges with kindness.] Heptagon^. Size 20.'°'' ^J* 

^/'CLXVI. Obverse, A heptagon inscribed in a circle, within which a 
circle of stars encloses a five-pointed blazing star, upon which is the letter o, 
and below it, in two lines, anno 58o2. Legend, BetweeA the* sides of the 
heptagon and the circle of stars, l.-. de la trinite c. de parts. [Lodge 
of the Trinity, &c.] Reverse, A heptagon, as on obverse, within which an 
altar of seven steps, its front adorned with the square and compasses, and 

102 This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Revol. " Proceedings," 1829, and partially described by Meradorf; 
plate 96, fig. 6. Its probalile date is 1803. p. 56. My description is from an impression in my own 

103 The date on this Medal is probably that of the foun- collection. The medal is struck like a coin, and the 
dation of the Lodge, and not of the striking of the Medal, planchet is slightly convex on both sides. 

which however is very old. It is mentioned in the French 104 This Lodge was founded September 25, 1798 ; the 



MASONIC MEDALS. 73 

having upon it a gavel. On the left of the steps lies a sprig of acacia. On 
each side are two pillars, that on the right having b on its shaft and a level 
on its base, and that on the left has j on its shaft and a triangle and gavel 
on its base. Above the altar is a radiant triangle bearing the Hebrew tetra- 
grammaton, below which are the sun and moon, and the inscription, trinus 
UNUS [Trinity,] Legend, constituee le 2 5 7°"^ 5783, [Constituted Septem- 
ber 25, 1783.] In exergue, repr. des trav'? le 25 jl 5799. in two lines. 
[Resumption of labor, July 2 5, 1799.] Size 17.'°= 

CLXVII. Obverse, In a wreath of laurel, l.*. ch.'. et aregpa.-. du 
PHCENix RiT d'hero.". in four lines. [Lodge, chapter and areopagus of the 
Phenix, rite of Herodome.'°^] Reverse, An altar on which is a phenix, his 
head turned to the sun above on the right ; the altar is adorned with the 
square and compasses. At the foot of the altar on the right is a trowel, and 
on the left the gavel and compasses. Legend, il renait de ces cendres 
[It rises again from its ashes.J In exergue, o.\ de Paris 5804 coqvardon f. 
in three lines. Silver. Size 19. 

CLXVIII. Obverse, Justice to left, standing, holds the scales in her 
right hand, and supports herself by a sword in her left. Near her, on the left, 
is an olive tree. Legend, ars ^qui et boni. [The art of that which is just 
and good.] In exergue, o.-. de paris. Reverse, A lion moving to the left, 
behind a tablet representing the tables of the law, which are divided by a 
sword erect between them, its hilt above. On the left table is the word loix 
[Laws.] The lion has his fore paw upon a globe. Above the tablet is 
the radiant triangle with the letter G. Legend, in legibus salus [Safety in 
law.] In exergue, 1804. Size 18.'°' 

CLXIX. Obverse, Between two crossed branches of myrtle, the fasces, 
(but without the axe,) on which is an eagle, his head turning to the left, his 
wings drooping. Legend, juncti roborantur [United they are stronger,] 

Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Revol. p. 93, fig. 15. 106 This is engraved in Tresor Numis. Nap. pi. 6. fig. 9. 

105 This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Revol. pi. The Lodge was installed June 14, 1804. 

93, fig. 14. The abbreviations in exergue ^re for Reprise 107 This Medal is engraved m 1 resor Numis Napoleon, 

des Travaux, le 25 TuiUet, 5799. The Lodge appears to plate 6, fig. 10. Merzdorf assigns this Medal to the same 

have been dormant from 1783 to 1799, and the Medal was Lodge as that which struck CLXVII, but on what ground 

probably struck in 1802, as on obverse. we do not know. 



74 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Below, G.-. o.-. F.-. [Grand Orient of France.] Reverse, A circle formed 
by a snake devouring its tail, within which is the radiant sun upon a triangle. 
Legend, omnibus unus [One in all.] Copper. Size i8.'°* 

CLXX. Obverse, As obverse of CLXIX, except that the eagle turns 
his head to the right, and the myrtle differs slightly. Reverse, As reverse of 
CLXIX, but the legend is on a ribbon. Copper. Size i8. 

//CLXXL Obverse, A temple approached by seven steps and supported 
by seven Ionic pillars. In the pediment of the temple a five-pointed blazing 
star, on which is the letter g. Above are five small stars. In front of the 
lower step is a mosaic pavement, on the corners of which are two large Ionic 
pillars, rising one on each side of the temple ; the one on the left has j on its 
shaft, and that on the right b : their capitals are adorned with lilies and 
pomegranates ; under the pillar at the left, in very small letters, fouquet f. 
By its side the moon in clouds, and seven stars. Beside the right pillar the 
radiant sun and three stars. Under the pavement, as if in exergue, a skull 
and cross-bones. The whole is enclosed in a chain of love-knots. Reverse, 
The square and compasses, within which a level is placed upon a crossed 
sword and rule ; on the right and left, are two sprigs of acacia. Over the 
joint of the compasses a radiant triangle with the Hebrew tetragrammaton, 
and below the angle of the square two small right hands joined, below which, 
on a ribbon, semper junct^ [Always united.] Legend, l.\ de l'union de 
FAMiLLE OR.-. DE PARIS 5/86. [Lodge of the Union of the Family, &c.] 
This is an octagonal jeton.'°9 Brojj*^ Size between opposite sides, i8. Rare. 
CLXXII. Obverse, A colonnade of four Corinthian pillars, forming two 
archways ; between the two centre pillars on a pedestal a draped figure of St. 
John ; above him, in a tablet, a celestial globe in a wreath of olive ; on the 
frieze, over each pillar is a cross patee, over the key-stones of the arch a five- 
pointed star, and over the tablet o.'. o.\ f.-. In the field above the colonnade, 

io8 This and the following Medal are engraved in Tresor ordinate Lodges, but it was more probably by the former. 

Numis. Napoleon, plate 17, fig. i and 2, where the date 109 This jeton is struck somewhat difierently from most 

assigned is 1806. Thory (Annals, append. 25, pi. i, No. of the octagonal jetons. A line perpendicular to the 

2,) gives the later date of 1810. They resemhle very pavement of the temple would pass through opposite 

closely CLXI. We have not ascertained whether this angles, and not through opposite sides. I have found no 

was struck by the Grand Orient, or by some of its sub- allusion to it in Merzdorf, Tresor, or elsewhere. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 75 

is the double-headed crowned eagle holding a sword in his talons, below which 
in a semi-circle, deus meumque jus [God and my right.] On the left, 
SAGESSE [wisdom] and on the right, union. In exergue, as if forming part of 
the legend, humanite below 6843 • '" small letters on the left of the date, 
V. F. (Venerable Frere or Worshipful Brother,) and on the right, bessaignet f. 
Reverse, Within a circle formed by a serpent devouring its tail, a five-pointed 
star, below which the inscription in six lines, temple ma9.". pose de la i~ 

PIERRE IX AGUT M.DCCC-XLI INAUGURE XX-IV JUIN M-DCCC-XLIII. — [MaSOnic 

Temple ; first stone laid August 19, 1841 ; inaugurated June 24, 1843.J 
Legend, above, * G.". o.*. de France. * [Grand Orient, &c.] and below, 
OMNIBUS UNUS. [One in all.] Between the words de and France, a radiant 
triangle with the Hebrew tetragrammaton ; and between omnibus and 
UNUS, a level, on the left of which, in very small letters, b. d. and on the 
right, V. F. Bronze. Size 26. /rtiC PY- pOl - 

/^CLyLXlW. Obverse, A sphinx couchant, facing the left, upon a dais 
adorned with palm leaves ; in her fore paws she holds two globes, one upon 
the other, above which is a device Q — Q somewhat resembling the " crux 
ansata," called by Merzdorf "the Nile key." Legend, g.-. sphinx. In 
exergue, 5804. Reverse, A triangle in which is the radiant All-seeing eye. 
Legend, above, silence, amitie, the words widely separated, and below, 
bienfaisance. [Silence, friendship, benevolence.]"" SilyefT Size 16. 

/^LXXIV. Obverse, Similar to obverse of CLXXIII, but the orna- 
ments of the head of the sphinx differ ; she has but one globe ; the " Nile 
key" is wanting, and the pedestal is ornamented only with perpendicular 
lines instead of palm leaves. The legend is the same. Reverse, As reverse 
of CLXXIII. Sjlv^fT Size 16. 

CLXXV. Obverse, Between two laurel branches, the inscription 
affilie LIBRE DE TOUTES LES LL.-. ET CHAP.'. DE FRANCE, in six lines. [Affili- 
ated freely'" with all the Lodges and Chapters of France.] Legend, union de 

no The Lodge of the Grand Sphinx was installed at in Better, perhaps, " Willingly united to. " This Medal 

Paris Nov. 3, 1804. This Medal and the following are we find described in Merzdorf, (p. 64, No. 59,) where he 

engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate 6, figures 12 says twenty-one were engraved with .the names ot the 

and 13. recipients. It was prepared in honor of a convention held 



76 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Tous LES KITS Au G,'. o.'. DE FRANCE, f Unioti of all the ritcs with the Grand 
Orient of France.] Reverse, Between two olive branches crossed at the 
bottom, LES MA.-. RECONNAissANS AU F.'. (Blank for a name.) Legend, 5 : 
JOUR Du lo : Mois 5804. [December 5, 1804. J Size 17. 

CLXXVI. Obverse, The square and compasses on a radiant blazing 
star, having the letter g on its centre. Legend, l.-. des freres unis. [Lodge 
of United Brothers.] In exergue, o.-. de parts. Reverse, Below a radiant 
star is a triangle resting upon an owl's head winged ; in the triangle, a sheaf 
of wheat. Below, 58o6. Legend, amitie sagesse. [Friendship, wisdom.] 
Size 17. 

CLXXVII. Obverse, As Obverse of CLXXVL Reverse, Between 
two myrde branches crossed at bottom, a triangle, in which is a lyre. 
Legen^, amitie sagesse. Below, 58o6. Size 17."' 

kO^XXVIIL Obverse. A helmet surmounting a shield and other 
ancient armor, surrounded by branches of laurel. Legend, mars et les arts. 
[Lodge of Mars and the Arts.]"^ In exergue, l'an 58o6. f.-. donadio f. in 
two lines, the second curving. Reverse, recompense au zele in three hnes 
across the field. Size 16. (^ 

CLXXIX. Obverse, Two pillars, on a Mosaic pavement ; that on the 
left has a level on its base, and b on its shaft, and the one on the right has a 
square on its base and i on its shaft ; between them are the square and com- 
passes, above which is a radiant triangle with the letter g. Legend, l.*. sT 
VICTOR DES AMIS DE LA vicTOiRE. [Lodge of St. Victor of the Friends of 
Victory.]"* Below, merlen f.-. Reverse, An eagle soaring to the left, 

to affiliate, under the Grand Orient of France, as the Master, in honor of which event the Medal descrilied 

supreme power, all the rites practiced in France, including under LIV was struck. See Findel, History of Free- 

the English or St. John's rite, (nearly the same as the masonry, for a full account of this event. 

so-called York rite in America,) the "Ancient and 112 The Lodge Freres Unis, was founded at Paris, 

Accepted" or "Scottish" rite, the "Modern" or August I, 1775. This Medal and the previous one, are 

"French " rite, and some others of less importance. The engraved in Tresor Numismatique, Napoleon, plate 17, 

concordat between the Grand Orient and the Scottish . figures 3 and 4. 

Grand Lodge was signed at midnight, Dec. 3, 1804, in 1 13 This Lodge was installed August i, 1806. The 

Marshal Kellermann's palace ; by this treaty the Grand Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate 17, 

Orient agreed to accept every rite whatsoever then prac- figure 8. 

ticed in France. The title of Grand Master was given to 114 This Lodge was erected August 16, 1806. The 

Joseph Napoleon, brother of the Emperor, and Cam- Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate 17, 

baceres became the virtual, and in 1807, the actual Grand figure 10. 



MASONIC MEDALS. jy 

a palm branch in his right talons, and a crown in his left ; above is the 
radiant sun ; below a portion of the globe, on which c. de park. Size 17. 

CLXXX. Obverse, Between two branches of myrtle, a tomb, over 
which are the letters o.-. p.-. [Orient, of Paris,] and below, 5809. Legend, 
TRiBUTAiRE d'hiram. [Tributary of Hiram.]"^ Reverse, The square and 
compasses, with the letter g in the centre, above which on the left the sun, 
and on the right the moon ; below, 1809. Size 16. 

CLXXXI. Obverse, A wreath of myrtle enclosing a tomb, on which 
is an urn in which incense burns. On the tomb, a hiram. [To Hiram.J 
Below are a skull and crossed bones, and in the field beneath, 5809. Legend, 
TRIBUTAIRES d'hiram 0.'. DE PARIS. [Tributaries of Hiram, &c.]"^ Reverse, 
The square and compasses, enclosing a flaming G ; above, on the right the 
crescent moon ; on the left two gavels, and below, two crossed swords. Size i6. 

CLXXXn. Obverse, The imperial eagle turning to the right, with 
expanded wings, and holding a thunderbolt in his talons. Legend, empire 
FRANCAis. Reverse, Two laurel branches crossed, between which are the 
square and compasses hanging by a ribbon ; below is a five-pointed radiant 
star. Legend, l. d. s^ j. s. l. t. d. d. s'?' l. d. l. m. d. f. r. In exergue, 
omnes • IN • uisro. [All in one.]"' Size 17. 

CLXXXin. Obverse, In a circle a double-headed crowned eagle, 
holding a sword; below, in two lines, 22 x^^ 6804 jaley. f. 1812. 
December 22, 6804, &c.] Legend, sup.-, conseil du 33^ en france « 
deus meumque jus * [Supreme Council of the 33d in France. God and 
my right.] Reverse, Inscription in nine lines, s. a. s. le prince cambaceres 
archi-chancellier de l'empire premier souverain grand commandeur i25 
juiLLET 58o6. [His most serene highness, Prince Cambaceres, Arch-Chancellor 
of the Empire, First Sovereign Grand Commander, &c.]"' Silver. Size 21. 

CLXXXIV. Obverse, Bust of Minerva to right, with helmet crowned 

115 This Lodge was erected Dec. l8, 1808. The Medal title of St. Louis of Martinique of Assembled Brothers, 

is enlraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate 37, fig. ^. This Lodge was founded Jan. 30, 1762 1 he Medal is 

nl This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, • engraved m Tre.sor Numis. Napoleon, plate 52, figure 8. 

nlatevi fio-ure 11 The date of striking is supposed to be l»u. 
^ 117 The letters on the Reverse are for Loge de St. Jean 118 The abbreviations are for Soh altesseseremsnme. 

sous le titre distinctif de St. Louis de la llartinique de The Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis Nap. pi. 14, fig- 

Freres Reunis, or St. John's Lodge, under the distinctive 3, and in Thory, Annals, pi. IV, INO. 15. 



78 MASONIC MEDALS. 

with myrtle, on which is an owl ; over the helmet seven stars. Legend, par- 
FAiTE REUNION. Below, o. DE PARIS. Reverse, A wreath of oak and myrtle, 
in which is a radiant triangle, bearing a cypher of the letters p r [Parfaite 
Reunion.] Heptagonal."' Size 2 5. 

CLXXXV. Obverse, A triangle surrounded by rays, in the centre of 
which is a cross having the cypher = N j tt (inri). Legend, fiat lux et 
LUX FACTA EST. [Let there be light and there was light.] Reverse, Five 
standards bound together by a ribbon. Legend, svp.-. CONV.'. metr.-. val.-. 
LVT.-. par.'. I take the abbreviations to be for Suprema Conventio Metropoli- 
tana {in) Valle Lutetiae Parisiorum, i. e. Supreme Metropolitan (or Grand) 
Council in the Valley of Paris. The Medal was struck for the Grand Council 
of the,33d grade, previous to the winter of 1829-30, and is rare. 

/^LXXXVL Obverse, On an imperial mantle surmounted by a crown, 
the square and compasses, in the centre of which is a five-pointed star with 
the letter g, and around are seven stars ; below are three gavels, crossed, 
under which 18 10. Legend, la r.-. l.*. ecossaise de marie louise a l'or.-. 
DE PARIS. [The Worshipful Scottish Lodge of Marie Louise, &c.J Reverse, 
Between two branches of myrtle, three equilateral triangles interlaced to form 
a nine-pointed star, in the centre of which a radiant sun. Legend, la r.'. l.". 

ECO.*. CId'?; la REUNION DES ETRANGERS C". DE PARIS. [The Worshipful 

Scottish Lodge, formerly the Reunion of Strangers, &c."°] In exergue, 1783. 
Heptagonal. Size 18. Cl- 

CLXXXVIL Obverse, Naked bust to right of Honnorez, under which 
in small script letters. Ad. Jouvenel F. Legend, r • honnorez • ob • 
BRux • DIE • XIX • FEBR • AN • MDCCCxxviiL [R. Honnorcz died at Brussells, 
Feb. 19, 1828.J Reverse, An altar tomb, the front of which has a blazing 
star with the letter g on an oblong panel between two reversed torches ; on 
the left is an anchor, on the right two clasped hands, and below is a gavel ; 
near the edge of the lower step on the right i b i in very small script 
letters. Legend, fidei • speique • amantissimo • caritate • claro • dicavit 

1 19 This Medal is engraved in TresorNumis. Napoleon, Lodges change their names. The "Social Contract" 
plate 56, figure i. (see cxxx) was called "St. Lazarus" previous to 1776, 

120 The abbreviations are iw Respectable Loge Ecos- and so of many others. The Medal is engraved in Tresor 
saise Cidevant, &c. I find several instances where Numis. Napoleon, plate 47, figure II. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 79 

AMiciTiA * [Friendship has erected to one most beloved foir his faith and 
hope, and most distinguished in charity.] Bronze, gilt. Size 20. 

CLXXXVIII. Obverse, A phenix with expanded wings, holding in his 
beak a sprig of acacia, and in his left talons the rule and compasses, is rising 
from a burning pyre to the sun, which darts its rays from above on the right. 
In the background on the left, a temple with two great piers or pillars in its 
front, the letter j on the left and b on the right. Legend, resurgens tenebras 
VERA LUCE DIMOVET. [Rising again, it disperses darkness with true light.] 
In very small letters on the lower left side, jouvenel inv. Reverse, At 
the top G on a five-pointed blazing star, surrounded by rays, and at the 
bottom a triangular level ; between these the inscription ad majorem dei 

GLORIAM FEUCIB. AUSPICIIS LEOPOLDI BELGAR. REGIS PRIMO RECTORE F.'. J. 
DEFRENNE MAGNUS ORIENS CONDITUR BRUXELLIS XXIII DIE DUODEC. MENSIS A. 

L. VMDCCCXXXii in eight lines. [To the greater glory of God, under the 
happy auspices of Leopold, King of the Belgians, Bro. J. Defrenne being the 
first ruler, a Grand Orient is founded at Brussells the 23d day of the 12th 
month,"' in the year of light 6832.] Silver, copper silver-plated, and bronze. 
Size 29. 

CLXXXIX. Obverse, As obverse of CLXXXVIII. Reverse, A 
"votive tablet," above which is the Delta with the tetragrammaton, sur- 
rounded by rays which appear on the. sides of the tablet. On the tablet the 
inscription in seven lines, la MA90NNERIE survit a tous les tems dieu le 
VEUT. [Masonry will survive through all time. God wills it.] Legend, in 
two lines, a g.-. j.-. a.-, de stassart gr.-. m.-. de belgique. bruxelles 2^■. 
J.-. 3^-. M.-. 5835. [To G. J. A. De Stassart, Grand Master of Belgium ; 
Brussells, May 2, 1835.]"" Bronze, and probably other metals. Size 29. 

CXC. Obverse, Bust of Stassart to left, wearing a coat with a high 
standing collar, embroidered with oak leaves ; on his breast a star, and the 
insignia of various Orders ; a ribbon, to which is suspended a jewel, is thrown 
over his right shoulder ; on the arm, in small letters, hart f. Legend, g" 

121 The I2lh month in this case was December. Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Belgium, " March 4, 

122 The abbreviations denote Goswin Joseph Augnslin 1835, and was happily ms-talled,' says Zachanas, (ihid.) 
de Stassart. See Zacharias (VI. 5). He was elected on the 2d of May. He served six years. 



8o MASONIC MEDALS. 

J" A" BARON DE STASSART.'^^ (Figure 3 1.) Reverse, Three laurel wreaths, 
through which is passed a ribbon, near the top, the field below being plain 
for engraving a name. Bronze ; also, gilt and silver-plated, and probably 
other metals. Size 31. 

CXCI. Obverse, A serpent biting a file,"* below which in very small 
letters, hart. f. (Figure 32.) Legend, separated fi-om the field by a circle of 
beads, la ma^ .-. vivra f dieu le veut * gr.;. or.-, de belgique 5838* 
[Masonry will live, God wills it. Grand Orient of Belgium, 5838.] Reverse, 

PREC.-. MA^,.-. ADORE LE OR.". ARCH.'. DE l'uN.-.. AIME TON PROCHAIN. NE PAIS 
POINT DE MAL. FAIS DU BIEN. LAISSE PARLER LES HOiMMES. LE CULTE LE 
PLUS AGREABLE AU G.". ARCH.". DE l'uN.". CONSISTE DANS LES BONNES MOEURS 
ET DANS LA PRATIQUE DE TOUTES LES VERTUS. FAIS DONG LE BIEN POUR 
l'aMOUR DU BIEN LUI-MEME. TIENS TOUJOURS TON AME DANS UN ETAT ASSEZ 
PUR POUR PARAITRE DIGNEMENT DEVANT LE G.'. ARCH.-. QUI EST DIEU. AIME 
LES BONS, PLAINS LES FAIBLES, FUIS LES MECHANTS, MAIS NE HAIS PERSONNE. 
PARLE SOBREMENT AVEC LES GRANDS, PRUDEMMENT AVEC TES EGAUX, SINCERE- 
MENT AVEC TES AMIS, DOUCEMENT AVEC LES PETITS, TENDREMENT AVEC LES 
PAUVRES. NE FLATTE POINT TON FRERE, c'eST UNE TRAHISON ; SI TON FRERE TE 
FLATTE, GRAINS QU'lL NE TE CORROMPE. ECOUTE TOUJOURS LA VOIX DE TA 
CONSCIENCE. SOIS LE PERE DES PAUVRES, CHAQUE SOUPIR QUE TA DURETE 
LEUR ARRACHERA AUGMENTERA LE NOMBRE DES MALEDICTIONS QUI TOMBERONT 
SUR TA TETE. RESPECTE l'eTRANGER VOYAGEUR, AIDE-LE ; SA PERSONNE EST 
SACREE POUR TOI. EVITE LES QUERELLES, PREVIENS LES INSULTES, METS TOU- 
JOURS LA RAISON DE TON COTE. RESPECTE LES FEMMES, n'aBUSE JAMAIS DE 
LEUR FAIBLESSE, ET MEURS PLUTOT QUE DE LES DESHONORER. SI LE ' G.". 
ARCH.". TE DONNE UN FILS, REMERCIE-LE, MAIS TREMBLE SUR LE DEPOT QU'lL 

123 A Medal was struck in honor of Stassart, inclmled the arrondissements of Brassells, Nainur and Nivelles, June 

among Masonics by Zacharias ; Obverse as above : (CXC.) ii, 1839, and on the 17th deprived of his powers as 

Reverse, Below three wieaths of laurel, lied by ribbons, Governor of Brabant, by the Minister de Theux, in re- 

the inscription in fourteen lines, LES liberaux belges venge for this triple election.] Bronze, gilt, &c. Size 31. 

AU BAKON DE STASSART, ELU SENATEUR PAR LES 124 This Medal was Struck in consequence of an interdict 

ARRUNDISSKMENS DE HRUXELLES NAMUR ET NIVELLES pronounced against the Masonic Order by the Romish 

DE II JUIN 1839 DESTITUE, LE 17, DES FONCriONS Archbishop of Mechlin, in December, 1838, which, how- 

DE couvEKNEUU DU BRABANT PAR LE MINISTERE DE ever, had no effect, unless to increase the prosperity of the 

THEUX EN iiAiNE DE CETrE TRIPLE ELECTION* [The Fraternity, and to revive the loyalty of those whose interest 

Liberal Belgians to Baron de Stassart, elected Senator by had waned. The Reverse is known as the Masonic Sermon. 




ecu. Obv. 



ecu. Rev. 



CXCVIII. 



PLATE VIII. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 8i 

TE CONFIE ; SOIS POUR CET ENFANT l'tMAGE DE LA DIVINITE. FAIS QUE JUSQUA 
lO ANS IL TE CRAIGNE, QUE JUSQUA 20 IL t'aIME, QUE JUSQUA LA MORT IL 
TE RESPECTE. JUSQUA lO ANS SOIS SON MAITRE, JUSQUA 20 ANS SON PERE, 
JUSQUA LA MORT SON AMI. PENSE A LUI DONNER DE BONS PRINCIPES PLUTOT 
QUE DE BELLES MANIERE3 ; QU'lL TE DOIV.E UNE DROITURE ECLAIREE ET NON 
PAS UNE FRIVOLE ELEGANCE, FAIS-LE HONNETE HOMME PLUTOT Qu' HABILE 
HOMME. SI TU ROUGIS DE TON ETAT, c'eST ORGUEIL ; SONGE QUE CE NEST 
PAS TA PLACE, QUI t'hONORE OU TE DEGRADE, MAIS LA FA9ON DONT TU 
l'eXERCES. LIS ET PROFITE, VOLS ET IMITE, REFLECHIS ET TRAVAILLE ; RAP- 
PORT TOUT A l'uTILITE DE TES FRERES ; c'eST TRAVAILLER POUR TOI-MEME. 
SOIS CONTENT PARTOUT, DE TOUT ET AYEC TOUT. REJOUIS-TOI DANS LA JUS- 
TICE ; COURROUCE-TOI CONTRE l'iNIQUITE ; SOUFFRE SANS TE PLAINDRE. NE 
JUGE PAS LEGEREMENT LES ACTIONS DE HOMMES ; NE BLAME POINT ET LOUE 
ENCORE MOINS ; c'eST AU G.'. ARCH.'. DE l'uN.*., QUI SONDE LES COEURS A 

APPRECiER SON ouvRAGE. • in forty-one lines. Bronze, copper silver plated, 
and probably Other metals. Size 31. The translation of the inscription is as 
follows : — 

Masonic Precepts. Adore the Grand Architect of the Universe. Love thy neighbor ; do 
no evil ; do good : suffer men to speak ; the worship most acceptable to the Grand Architect of 
the Universe consists in good morals and the practice of all the virtues : do good for the love of 
goodness itself alone : ever keep thy soul in a state so pure as to appear worthily before the 
presence of the Grand Architect, who is God. Love the good, succor the weak, fly from the 
wicked, but hate no one : speak seriously with the great, prudently with thy equals, sincerely 
with thy friends, pleasantly with the little ones, tenderly with the poor : do not flatter thy brother, 
that is treason ; if thy brother flatter thee, beware that he doth not corrupt thee : listen always to 
the voice of conscience : be a father to the poor ; each sigh drawn from them by thy hard- 
heartedness will increase the number of maledictions which will fall upon thy head ; respect the 
■ stranger on his journey and assist him ; his person is sacred to thee ; avoid quarrels, forestall 
insults ; ever keep the right on thy side ; respect woman, never abuse her weakness ; die rather 
than dishonor her ; if the Grand Architect hath given thee a son, be thankful, but tremble at the 
trust He hath confided to thee : be to that child the image of Divinity ; until he is ten years old 
let him fear you, until he is twenty let him love you, and until death let him respect you ; untd 
he is ten years old be his master, until twenty his father, and until death his friend ; aim to give 
him good principles rather than elegant manners, that he may owe thee an enlightened rectitude. 



82 MASONIC MEDALS. 

and not a frivolous elegance ; make of him an honest man rather than a man of dress : if thou 
blushest at thy condition it is pride ; consider that it is not the position which honors or degrades 
thee, but the manner in which thou dost fill it ; read and profit, see and imitate, reflect and 
labor ; do all for the benefit of thy brethren, that is working for thyself: be content in all places, 
at all times, and with all things ; rejoice in justice, despise iniquity, suffer without murmuring ; 
judge not lightly the conduct of men, blame little, and praise still less ; it is for the Grand 
Architect of the Universe who searches the heart, to value His work. 

CXCII. Obverse as Obverse of CXC. Reverse, As Obverse of CXCI. 
Silver, copper, &c. Size 31. [Figures 31 and 3 2.] 

CXCIII. Obverse, As Obverse of CXC. Reverse, As Reverse of 
CXCI. Silver, copper, &c. Size 31. 

CXCIV. Obverse, Bust of Defacqz to left, wearing the collar of the • 
Grand Master. Below the bust, in small letters, hart. f. Legend, eugene 
DE FACQz GR.-. MAiT.'. on the left of the bust, and de l'ordre MAg.'. en 
BELGiQUE in two lines, curving to conform to the edge of the Medal on the 
right. Reverse, As Reverse of CXC. Bronze, silver-plated, gilt, and 
probably other metals. Size 31. 

CXCV. Obverse, As Obverse of CXCIV. Reverse, As Obverse of 
CXC. Bronze, &c. Size 31. 

CXCVI. Obverse, As Obverse of CXCIV. Reverse, As Obverse of 
CXCI. Bronze, &c. Size 31. 

CXCVI I. Obverse, As Obverse of CXCIV. Reverse, As Reverse of 
CXCI. Bronze, &c. Size 31. 

CXCVIII. Obverse, As Obverse of CXCIV. Reverse, An altar of 
three steps ; on its top a cushion on which is a " sword of Justice," its hilt to 
the right ; on the front side of the altar an open Bible, with the words biblia 
SACRA in two lines ; on the lower step are the square, compasses and gavel 
interlaced. On the right, the club of Hercules leans against the altar, and 
beside it is a bust of Minerva and the mirror of Venus — symbolizing strength, 
wisdom, and beauty ; on the left, an anchor leans against the altar, behind it a 
cross, and at its foot a pelican feeding its young, symbolizing hope, faith, and 
charity. Over the altar is a blazing star on which is g. From this star very 



MASONIC MEDALS. 83 

delicate rays issue, covering nearly the whole field. Legend, elu a l'unani- 
MITE 1 1 J.-. 5 M.-. INSTALLE 8 J.'. 6 M.'. 6842 9 [Unanimously elected the i ith 
day of the 5th month (July),"^ installed the 8th of the 6th month (August).] 
The rosette or cinquefoil at the bottom, after the legend. Below the altar, 
GR.-. OR.-. DE BELGiQUE, in two Hnes. [Grand Orient of Belgium.] Silver, 
bronze, gilt, and silver-plated, and perhaps others. Size 31. (Figure 33.) 

CXCIX. Obverse, A circle formed by a snake devouring its tail, sur- 
rounded by a glory of formal rays, making a star of seven points, and between 
the points seven smaller points of fine rays. Within the circle on a platform, 
an altar of three steps, on which fire is burning ; on the front, the All-seeing 
eye in a triangle surrounded by seven stars ; on the platform in front of the 
lower step of the altar a pelican feeding its young ; on the right a globe, 
palette, and brushes, scroll, closed book, olive branch, and compasses ; on the 
left a beehive and bees, a harp, scroll, branch of oak, and gavel. Below, in 
the circle as if in exergue, two palm branches crossed and issuing from a 
wreath of laurel. Between the two lower points of the star in very small 
letters, hart f. in two lines. Legend, above, » grand orient de belgique » 
Below, completing the circle, recompense MA90NNIQUE. [Masonic reward.] 
Reverse, As reverse of CXC. The dies of this Medal are very finely cut. 
Bronze, and probably other metals. Size 31. This has no date or place of 
issue, but was probably struck at Brussells, with other Masonic Medals by 
Hart, about 1842. 

CC. Obverse, as Obverse of CXCIX. Reverse, as Obverse of CXC. 
Bronze, gilt, &c. Size 31. 

CCL Obverse, as Obverse of CXCIX. Reverse, As Obverse of CXCIV. 
Bronze, gilt, &c. Size 31. 

We know of no dies of Masonics so extensively muled as these. We 
have named eleven combinations, which are all that we have found up to the 
present time ; possibly others exist, but there would seem to be less excuse 

125 De Facqz d'Ath, a councillor in the Court of Cas- In describing the Medal Zacharias (VIII. 6) gives the 

sation was unanimously elected to succeed Stassart as mirror to Juno. I prefer to regard it as symbolirmg 

Grand Master of Belgium. His installation was a most Venus, the goddess of beauty. 
brilliant affair, over four hundred brethren participating. 



84 MASONIC MEDALS. 

for those that might be made than for the preceding. As a whole, these dies 
of Hart are among the finest we have seen. The sizes vary sh'ghtly ; many 
of them are a little larger than 31, but not quite 32. 

ecu. Obverse, The cradle presented by the city of Paris to the infant 
son of Napoleon ; at the head of the cradle is the eagle of France ; at its foot 
a crown, and on each side a stand of colors, surmounted by an eagle. From 
the field above, a triangle bearing Hebrew letters, and surrounded by a 
circle, darts rays of Jight into the cradle. Legend, anno lucis, and at the 
bottom 58ii. [In the year of light, 58ii.] Reverse, A wreath of leaves of 
the oak and lily ; in the centre of the field, merito. [To the deserving.] 
Legend, berceau du roi de rome orient eJe la have. [Cradle of the King 
of Rome, Orient of the Hague.] "^* BrOnze. Size 24. (Figure 34.) This 
Medal is very rare. Zacharias says, (V. 2,) " Only five were struck in bronze." 
Merzdorf says, p. loi, that twenty-five examples only are extant. Speci- 
mens were in the collections of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, of the Lodge 
Minerva of Leipsic, and his own. 

CCin. Obverse, Jugate busts to left of Prince William Frederic of the 
Netherlands, and the Princess Louisa Augusta of Prussia. Legend, gvil. 

FRED. CAR. NEDERL. PRINC. ET. LVDOV. AVG. GVIL. AMAL. BORVSS. PRINC. 

D. XXI. M. MAji °'g"iS°o°cor [William Frederic Charles, Prince of the Nether- 
lands, and Louisa Augusta Wilhelmina Amalia, Princess of Prussia, May 21, 
tHI] O" ths edge of the bust in very small letters, i. p. schouberg. f. 
Reverse, Two branches of laurel and olive, crossed and tied below with a 
ribbon, within which an equilateral triangle ; on the sides, favste feliciter 
PROSPERE [Fortunately, happily, prosperously.] Within the triangle, » freder. 

PR. SVMMO. MAGKTRO OPTIMO. FRATRI FELICISS. CONJVGII EXACT. QVINTVM. 
LVSTRVM CELEBRANTI. FRATRES LIBERI. CEMENT. NEDERL. [The MaSOnic 

brethren of the Netherlands to Brother Frederic, Prince, Grand Master, 
celebrating the completion of the fifth lustrum of a most happy marriage.] 

126 This Lodge was established in the Hague by the less of the fact that there were already Dutch Lodges there 

Grand Orient of France, after the annexation of Holland under the Grand Lodge of Holland. It existed only about 

to the French Empire, at the suggestion of a few French- two years, and was then discontinued. (See Zacharias, 

men residing there, with some of their adherents, regard- V. 2.) 



MASONIC MEDALS. 85 

Silver and bronze. Size 36. Strucic in honor of the silver wedding of 
Prince Frederic and the Princess Augusta.'"' 

CCIV. Obverse, Bust to left of Frederic, Prince of Orange, within a 
border composed of nine shields, suspended upon a ribbon. The shield at 
the bottom contains the arms of Orange, azure, billety or, a lion rampant 
crowned, in his right paw a sword, in his left a bundle of seven arrows 
banded : in chief, a label of three points ; near the shield, the date of his 
accession to the Grand Mastership, 1816. Passing around from left to right, 
are the arms"* of his predecessors, with the date of their occupancy of the 
Grand Master's chair, as follows : — i. lySS-iySj : quarterly ; i and 4, or, a 
fess sable, over all a saltire counter-compony azure and argent: 2 and 3, 
quarterly ; i and 4, argent, six fusils in bend sinister azure ; 2 and 3, or, a 
cross between four lions rampant. 11. 1 758-1759 : quarterly; i and 4, azure, 
a cross moline argent, a crescent for difference : 2 and 3, quarterly ; i and 4, 
azure, a hound salient ; 2 and 3, argent, ' three roses, two and one, (gules?) : 
an escutcheon of pretence, an eagle displayed impaling two bars gules. 
III. 1 759-1 794: quarterly; i and 4, gules, three crampions, two and one: 
2 and 3, or, a lion rampant, a label of three points : an escutcheon of pretence, 
argent, two bars embattled gules. iv. 1 795-1 804 : or, a lion rampant 
debruised by a label of three points, v. 1804-18 10: gules, two mattocks in 
saltire. vi. 18 10-18 12 : a landscape with four fir-trees, vii. i8i2-i8i5 : 
quarterly ; i and 4, cheeky, argent and purpure ; 2 and 3, gules, a lion 
rampant sinister, viii. i8i5-i8i6 : or, a fleur-de-lis between three mill- 
rinds sable. Reverse, institvti . magni apud batavos orientis festvm 

SECVLARE AGENTES ILLVSTRISSIMI PRINCIPIS ARAVSIACO NASSAVICI GVLIELMI 
FREDERICI CAROLI PER XL ANNOS MAGNI PROVINCIAE BATAVAE MAGISTRI 
EFFIGIEM EIVSQVE ET ILLORVM QVI ANTE PRAEFUERE ARMORVM INSIGNIA IN 

127 That struck on the occasion of his marriage is des- lows : ^i. 1756— von Aerssen Beyeren. ii. 1758— Count 

cribed under XXVII. Christian Fr. von Bentinck. iii. 1759 — Carl, Baron von 

128 The dies for this Medal are cut with extreme care, Boetzelaar. iv. 1795 -—Baron J. van Teylingen. v. 1804 

and the armorial bearings, in particular, are very finely — C. G. Bylefield. vi. 1810— Bosquet, vii. 1812 — S. 

executed; many of the charges are so small that it is W. Bamaart. viii. 1815 —M. H. Reepmaker, who was 

impossible to designate the color, but I have mentioned it succeeded by Prince Frederick in 1816. The Medal struck 

in all cases where it could be distinguished. I find the on the 2Sth anniversary of his Grand Mastership is 

succession of the Grand Masters given by Findel as fol- described under XXIV. 



86 MASONIC MEDALS. 

PERPETVAM REI MEMORIAM AVRO, ARGENTI, AERE EXCVDI JVSSERVNT CAE- 

MENTARii BATAVi A° MDCCCLVi. in Sixteen lines. [The Masons of Holland 
celebrating the centennial festival of the foundation of the Grand Orient of 
Holland, ordered the effigies of William Frederic Charles, most illustrious 
prince of Orange and Nassau, for forty years Grand Master of the province 
of Holland ; with his armorial bearings and the arms of those who presided 
before him, to be struck in gold, silver and bronze, in perpetual memory of 
the occasion. In the year i856.] The inscription sufficiently explains the 
design of this beautiful Medal, one of the most perfect I have ever examined. 
Gold, silver, and bronze. Size 38. 

CCV. Obverse, Bust of Frederic to the left, under which, very small, 
F. SIMON. Legend, frederic pr.-. des pays bas. [Frederic, Prince of Holland.] 
Reverse, The square, compasses and level, surrounded by acacia branches, 
above which a radiant sun. Legend, inst.'. de la gr.'. l,*. d'adm.'. des 
PROV.-. merid.-. du royaume des pays bas. * [Installation of the Grand 
Lodge of Administration (?) of the Southern Provinces of the kingdom of 
Holland.]"''' Merzdorf says this Medal was struck at Brussells in 1818. 

CCVI. Obverse, Minerva, Venus and Hercules, representing Wisdom, 
Beauty and Strength, standing with clasped hands in a large hall, having a 
mosaic pavement. These, says Merzdorf, are depicted as the ancient deities, 
but in the taste of the last century. Legend, Above, on a ribbon, horum 
UNiONE fundata [Founded on the union of these.] In exergue, in two lines, 
LA LOGE DE l'union. Reverse, On the right,'=° . the front of a temple having 
seven steps ; in the background, on the right, considerable mason work ; on 
the left a hill, on which is an acacia bush. Three genii are engaged in lifting 
up a stone, by a crane ; on the ground are strown various Masonic imple- 

129 This description I take from Merzdorf, (p. 95, No. Annals of Holland, Vol. iii, p. 878; where it is stated that 
4,) who does not mention the size or metal. it commemorates the founding of the first Lodge, which 

130 The description 1 take from Merzdorf ; he is not al- dissolved in 1794. The later claim that that Lodge was 
ways uniform in his use of the words right and left,— chartered in 1742 by Count Clermont, and that this charter 
sometimes meaning observer's right, and sometimes the was renewed in 1773 by the Provincial Grand Master de 
right or "dexter" side of the Medal, which would be Gazes, is entirely disposed of, by this Medal, for it is not 
observer's left. I suppose the latter to have been his use probable that any one would have taken a date fifteen 
in this case. He gives the size as about two inches, and years later than the actual time of the foundation of the 
the weight as about an ounce and a half, and then men- Lodge to commemorate that event." I find no mention 
tions further that "this Medal is engraved in the Masonic of the metal. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



87 



ments. Legend, Above, on a ribbon, sic attollent uniti. [Thus united 
they raise it.] In exergue, in two lines, bruxelles 5757. 

CCVII. Obverse, A burning altar between the two pillars, that on the 
left having j on its shaft over the rule and compasses crossed, and that on the 
right, B over a sword and sceptre crossed. Above the altar a blazing star on 
which is the letter G ; around the star a halo and glory of rays, filling the 
field. At the foot of the left column is a rough ashlar, and at the foot of the 
right a perfect ashlar ; between them is a lion couchant, with a globe in front 
on the right, at the foot of which is a closed book : behind the lion is an 
acacia bush. In exergue, A small serpent devouring its tail. Legend, grand 
ORIENT DE LA BELGiQUE. Reverse, Plain. An engraving of this Medal is 
given in Zacharias, Numotheca, V.S, who says that it was struck in 1832 " for 
the consideration of the brethren of the new Grand Lodge of Belgium, 
formed from the Lodges in what were previous to 1830 the southern provinces 
of the Netherlands ; " that is, as a " trial piece." Merzdorf, who had one, 
thinks that it was not properly a Medal, but an impression in metal, " filled," 
taken from the seal of the Grand Orient, and probably used for the same 
purpose with CXCIX. There are but few in existence. Copper. Size 40. j. 

CCVIII. The front of a temple, approached by seven steps ; on each 
side of its door, which is closed, a pillar, — that on the left having j on its 
shaft, and that on the right b, — standing on a mosaic pavement ; over the 
door, very small, a female figure seated, with children about her, representing 
Charity ; in the pediment are two right hands joined, over which is a small 
five-pointed blazing star with the letter G extremely small in its centre. On 
the frieze, vis unita fortior [United power is stronger.] On the left side 
of the temple the line, a.", l.-. 5832, and on the right,'^' die 29 m.-. 2 Le- 
gend, ad sacram anni jubilaei commemorationem [In holy commemoration 
of the semi-centennial year.] In exergue, in very small letters, ad jouvenel 
F. Reverse, A votive tablet, surrounded with a garland of roses, and 
containing the inscription in fifteen lines, a.-, l.-. 5782 templum carissimis 

131 These lines are arranged parallel to the sides of the dorf gives the date 26 ; it should be 29 as above ; and 
temple, and the figures on both obverse and reverse are he also has one or twro letters wrong in the names on 
angular, the 2, for instance, being formed like 2. Merz- reverse. 



88 MASONIC MEDALS. 

F.-. F.-. PASSENAUD P. VANYPEN, VANPARYS, J. VANYPEN, GILIBERT, J. CHOUVET, 
F. DEROOVER, C. BAUR, SEDULE CONDITUM ; VENERABILIBUSQUE MAGISTRIS 
PASSENAUD, C. BAUR, J. BRUGMAN, VANVOLXEM, P. J. VANDERELST, J. FLEURY 

SERVATUM ; cuRANTE NUNC v.*. AND.*. TRUMPER [In the year of light 5782, 
this Lodge was carefully founded by Bros. Passenaud, &c. ; preserved by 
Worshipful Master Passenaud, &c., now under the care of Worshipful And. 
Trumper. 1 Struck at Brussels in 1832. Bronze. Size 20, (nearly 21.) 

CCIX. Obverse, Similar to obverse of XXVII, but the dies are not as 
well cut. The leaves in the acacia sprig and the bushes near the pillars at 
right and left of the figure are thinner, and there are other slight differences : '^'^ 
on the left side of the second step is a small b. The shields are plain. 
Instead of the quadrate cypher at the top, is the legend, r.*. □ des amis 
PHILANTHROPES, and in the exergue, or.*, de bruxelles curving to conform 
to lower edge. Reverse, Inscription, the first line, jules anspach v.-. m.*. 
en ch.-. [Jules Anspach, Worshipful Master in the chair,] curving nearly 
half round the Medal, at the top, and the second, concentric, but shorter, 
OFF.-. DiGN.-. prim.-. [ Principal officers, /zV^ra/ifj', first in dignity,] below which, 
a five-pointed star, and 

AN.-. MA.-. 5865-66. 5866-67. 5867-68. 

EX.-. V.-. M.-. L, GOBLET L. GOBLET A. HOCHSTEYN 
iR. SURV.-. J. VLEMINCKX. J. TARLIER J. TARLIER 
2E. SURV .-. J. HOCHSTEYN F. VAN MEENEN F. VAN MEENEN 
DRAT.-. ED. DEFUISSEAUX G. JOTTRAND G. JOTTRAND 
GRD EXP.-. J. VANSCHOOR A. HOCHSTEYN A. HOCHSTEYN 
SECRET.-. A. PINNOY 
TRES,-. CH. LEMAIEUR 



ECON.-. E. JONNIAUX 



5865-66 
5866-67 
5867-68 



COUV.-, V. SANDOZ 

below which two laurel branches crossed and tied by a ribbon. Bronze. 
Size 30. 

CCX. Obverse, As CCIX. Reverse, Two branches of laurel, (?) crossed 
at bottom and tied by a double bow of ribbon, surround a five-pointed star, 
in which la □.-. au t.-. c.-. f.-. Jules ANSPACH son ven.-. m.-. pour la 

CONDUITE VRAIMENT MA9.-. PENDANT L EPIDEMIE DE LAN DE LA V.-. L.-. 5866. 

in eleven lines, the eighth and ninth curving, and the figures of the last 

132 For instance, the figure in XXVII has 1 1 rays about the platform at the bottom nearly touches the edge of the 

her head, this has 13 ; there is a border about the edge of Medal, in this it is at some distance from it ; and other dis- 

the drapery on that, this has none ; in that the stem of the tinctions may readily be perceived on examination, though 

acacia extends below her hand, in this it does not ; in that at firat glance they resemble each other very clcsely. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 89 

conforming to the lower angle of the star. [The Lodge to its very dear 
brother Jules Anspach, its Worshipful Master, for his truly Masonic conduct 
during the epidemic of the year of true light 5866.] Bronze. Size 30. Scarce. 

CCXI. Obverse, As CCIX. Reverse, A semicircular tablet, on which 
the legend, erection d'un temple ma^gnnique. 5870. near the edge and 
over the inscription, souvenir de reconnaissance au t.-. c.-. f.-. w.-. jans- 
SENS architecte. in seven lines. • [Erection of a Masonic Temple, 1870. 
Souvenir of recognition to very dear Bro. W. Janssens architect.] Below 
the inscription are two olive branches crossed and tied at bottom by a ribbon. 
These are much larger than those similarly placed on CCIX. Bronze. Size 30. 

CCXII. Obverse, A woman kneeling beside an altar, the front of which 
is adorned with a circle, formed by a serpent devouring its tail, within which 
is y2 Behind the altar stands a skeleton representing Death ; his scythe is 
held back by a hand stretched from the clouds above on the right; In the 
back ground are the ruined houses of the city. Above, on the left, is the 
radiant sun. In exergue, in three lines, die 12 jan. deus nos omnes serva- 
viT. [On the 12th of January God preserved us all.] Over the exergue, on 
the left, wiLNO in small letters. Reverse, A small shield at the top, bearing 
the arms of the city of Leyden, — two crossed keys. Below, two elegiac 
couplets arranged in nine lines, dum repetet subitam tibi rex, tua leida 

RUINAM, REDDETUR GRATAE DEBITUS URBIS AMOR. VIRTUTIS NOMEN FRATRUM 
laudesque manebunt, dum PIETAS MISERIS DULCE LEVAMEN ERIT. S. S. V. D E. 

[Literally, Until, oh King, sudden ruin shall again seek thy Leyden, the love 
which is your due from a grateful city shall be rendered. The name and 
praises of the brethren of (the Lodge of) Virtue shall endure so long as filial 
love shall be a sweet solace for the wretched,] An ellipse surrounds the 
field, outside of which is the legend, vivat ludovicus napoleon beneficus 
HOLLANDiAE REX. [Long live Louis Napoleon, the beneficent King of Hol- 
land.] This was struck at Leyden in 1807 by the Lodge " de la Vertu " of 
that city, in commemoration of the explosion of a powder ship in the Canal 
Rappesburg, by which eight hundred houses were destroyed or damaged. 
The Medal has a loop at the top, to which was attached a ring. Silver, silver 



90 MASONIC MEDALS. 

gilt, and probably other metals. Elliptical. Size 24 by 30. Very rare. I 
know of only two impressions in America.'" 

CCXIII. Obverse, An altar, upon which are the square and compasses; 
near it is Minerva, who is placing a wreath upon them. Legend, fratribvs 
LiBERAE viRTVTis, QViNTVM LVSTRVM CELEBRANTiBVS. [By the Brethren of (the 
Lodge of) Liberal Virtue, celebrating their fifth lustrum.] Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in seven lines, nos jvngit fraternvs amor cvi Candida virtvs pr.e- 
siDET. illvstri sidere certa FIDES. F. P. B. [Fraternal love, over which 
white robed virtue presides, unites us: — a certain faith in a shining star.j 
Leo-end, lvgd. batav. d. xxv. mail a. cidcidcidciociddcclxxxiii Silver. 
Elliptical. Size 20. This Medal was struck at Leyden in 1808, in honor of 
the quarter-centennial of the Lodge " de la Vertu." The description I take 
from Merzdorf, who mentions but one diameter of the ellipse. 

CCXIV. Obverse, A wreath of acacia surrounds an anchor, surmounted 
by a rudder, laid diagonally ; on the edge of the rudder, broedertrouw and 
below, very small, i. p. s. f. [I. P. Schouberg Fecit.] Reverse, Within a 
wreath of olive, erkentenis voor broedertrouw xxi. November mdcccxxxvi. 
[Token of remembrance of a True Brother, Nov. 21, 1836.] This Medal 
is placed under Dort by Merzdorf, who says it was struck in Utrecht on the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of his initiation in the Lodge Flamboyante by John 
Schouten of Dort, which occurred Nov. 21, 1836 ; on which day he launched a 
vessel called the Broedertrouw, or True Brother. Bronze, and probably other 
metals. Size 24. (Figure 36.) Merzdorf also says that a Medal in honor of 
this same anniversary is mentioned in the Freemason's Almanac for 1839, 
which he believes is identical with this. 

CCXV. Obverse, Two pillars, their shafts adorned with the letter f. ; 
that on the right also has a clump of seven arrows ; at the foot of that on the 
right is a couching lion, and behind it a broken column ; at the foot of the 
other rests a white horse, in front of which is a cubic stone, and behind is a 
palm tree. The pillars stand on a mosaic pavement, each stone of which is 
divided into triangles by diagonal lines ; they are united by a cord, extending 

'33 Engraved in Tresor Numis. Nap. Plate 21, fig. 14. 




PLATE IX. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 91 

from one capital to the other, and tied with three tassels in the centre, above 
which in a radiant triangle the All-seeing eye : on the rays, m s t [/. e. Mag- 
nus Superior Templorum, or Grand Superior of the Lodges. 1 In the back- 
ground a landscape with mountains. In exergue, a. schaasberg. inv. Re- 
verse, Inscription in six Hnes, Monumentum Sedulitati Tutelae Magnaeque 
Sapientiae Tuae Murarii Socii Tribuunt xxvi. [Twenty-six Masonic companions 
present this as a monument of your watchful guardianship and great wisdom.] 
Below, on a ribbon, 18. 19. 21. Mart, cccclxvii. Legend, Felicissimo Fcederi 
Testim. Grat. & Hilar. Frat. Belgic. [By the grateful and rejoicing Belgian 
brethren, as a testimony of a most happy treaty.] Silver, and probably other 
metals. Size 27. Struck in honor of an aUiance between the Lodges of 
Germany and Holland, working under the rite of Strict Observance, '^^ in 1779. 
represented by Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick and Prince Frederick of Hesse 
Cassel, their presiding officers. (Figure 36.) 

CCXVI. Obverse, A temple front, with steps and columns partly con- 
cealed by clouds ; before it, in the centre, is a fountain playing, on the front 
of which is the plumb : around the altar are three burning tapers : on the left 
is a pillar surmounted by a globe, and on the right another, on the top of 
which is a triangular level. In the foreground a rough ashlar, — near which is 
a sprig of acacia, — a perfect ashlar, across which lies a lighted torch, and a 
butterfly fluttering towards the flame. Above is a five-pointed radiant star, 
pardy concealing the circle of the zodiac, which extends from one pillar to the 
other. Reverse, Inscription in nine lines, libbrorvmqvi in r^gno hollan- 
DIAE SVNT caementariorvm sodalitio festiva dimidio peracto saecvlo 

134 In some of the Continental rites, and especially that probably has the same allusion as that on the Medal des- 

of the "Strict Observance," it was customary for an ini- cribed under VII, though Zacharias calls it the Hessian 

tiate to assume some name in the Order ; Von Hund, for Lion, which Merzdorf doubts. The latter says the dale of 

instance, its founder, took the name of Eques ab Ense, or this Medal is given in the chronology of the rite of Strict 

Knight ot the Sword; Ferdinand of Brunswick, assumed Observance, and corresponds to 1779, but he omits L after 

the title. £■?«« a Victoria, or Knight of Victory, and C, which I have inserted, thereby conforming to Zacharias. 

Frederick of Hesse Cassel, Eques a Septein Sagittis, or I cannot make this date agree with that of some others 

Knight of the Seven Arrows, and the seven arrows on the said to be of the same rite. The Medal w'as struck in 

right pillar allude to that name. The palm tree, beside 1779 according to Merzdorf; according to Zacharias m 

the pillar on the left, is the principal charge in the Masonic 1781. Merzdorf s description is nearly verbatim with that 

arms of Ferdinand of Brunswick, which are engraved in of Zacharias, but he fixes the earlier date from a JJes- 

Zacharias, II, 4. The F's on the two pillars are the cription of the Medal, &c., 1779." and as the change 

initials of Frederick and Ferdinand. The couching lion seems to be deliberate, I presume he is correct. 



92 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DIES ILLVXIT viDCCCViii [The festival day of a completed half-century has 
shone on the fraternity of Freemasons in the kingdom of Holland 58o8.] 
Above is a radiant sun, and below are two crossed branches of olive. Silv^ 
Size 21. Struck in honor of the semi-centennial of the Grand Lodge of 
Holland in 1808. 

Merzdorf says that another Medal is mentioned as having been struck in 
the Hague in 1 801, in accordance with a vote of the Grand Lodge, July 26, of 
that year, offering a prize in gold and silver, for the best confutation of 
Barruels, &c., but says its existence is very doubtful : a premium was offered, 
but I cannot find that anything further was done about a Medal. 

CCXVIl. Obverse, A wreath of acacia below two right hands joined, 
issuing from clouds ; below them in two lines, souvenir fraternel, under 
which the square and compasses : between the stems of the acacia, very small, 
H. F. A circle surrounds the field, outside of which union force egalite 
PHiLANTHROPiE • [Union, strength, equality, &c.] Reverse, Legend, inaug.". 
DU TEMP.-. DE LA PARFAiTE UNION A l'or.'. de mons * surrounding the in- 
scription in eleven lines, par le ser.'. g.*. m.*. de la ma^.*. en belgique le 

BARON DE STASSART ET RES.'. F.'. N. DE FUISSEAUX VEN.'. M.'. EN CH.'. 

LE 12"^ JOUR DU 3'"^ MOis DE l'annee DE LA v.'. L.*. 6839. [Inauguration 
of the temple of Perfect Union, Orient of Mons, by the Most Serene (?) 
Grand Master Baron Stassart, and Worshipful Bro. {Respectable Frere) N. de 
Fuisseaux, Worshipful Master {Venerable Maitre) in the chair. May 12, in the 
year of true light, 5839.J Bronze. Size 26.'35 

CCXVIIL Obverse, The square, compas.ses, gavel and rule, interlaced, 
and surrounded by acacia sprigs, above which is a blazing star with the letter 
G, surrounded by rays. Legend, la ^^ et le chap.-, de la parf.-. union 
A l'or.-. de mons. [The Lodge and Chapter of Perfect Union, &c.] Reverse, 

Inscription in eleven lines, au sup.-, cons.-, du rit anc. et acc.-. 

gage de reconnaissance pour leur ins.-, au rit ecoss.-. les 28^ I.-. 10^ M.-. 

5839 & 5"? I.-. 2"? M.-. 5840 PAR LE F.-. STEVENS GR.\ COMM.'. ET LES FFF.-. 

CARTON, JACOBS ET jouvENEL. GR.*. iNSP.". GEN.'. [To the Supreme 

13s This obverse is very similar to that of XXXI, and probably suggested it. H. F. may signify Hart fecit. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 93 

Council of the Ancient and Accepted rite. Pledge of recognition for their 
institution (?) of the Scottish rite, by Bro. Stevens, &c.] I am unable to 
decide whether the loth month is December in this case or not. This de- 
scription is from Merzdorf, who does not mention the size or metal. 

CCXIX. Obverse, A burning altar, around which below the upper 
edge, are seven small stars : in front are two right hands joined, issuing 
from clouds on either side, below which is a square ; on the right of the altar 
are the compasses and gavel, and on the left the level and rule. Legend, 
L.-. DE LA SINCERE AMiTiE. In exergue, o.-. DE ROUEN. 1822. in two lines, 
below which, very small, des noyers. f. Reverse, Three triangles inter- 
laced, forming a nine-pointed star, in the centre of which the All-seeing eye 
in a radiant delta. Legend, coeunt in foedera dextr^e. [Right hands 
clasped in alliance.] At the bottom a very small .five-pointed star, between 
the letter d and f. Bronze. Nine-sided. Size i8, from one side to opposite 
angle."'^ 

CCXX. Observe, Two right hands joined, emerging from clouds, above 
them the square and compasses, reversed from the usual position ; from the in- 
terior angle of the square hangs a plummet ; below the same angle is an eye, 
and below the clasped hands, 5836. Legend, a de paix et union • o.'. 
DE MOULiNS • [Lodge of Peace and Union, &c.j Reverse, A five-pointed 
radiant star. Legend, aimez vous les uns les autres 4t [Love one an- 
other.] Bronze. Size 17. 

*-^CCXXL Obverse, A temple, approached by three steps, and supported 
by four pillars : the mason work of the front is indicated ; the door is closed : 
in the pediment is a radiant triangle : below the temple, on the right, in very 
small letters, Teissier, d. Around the field alcirclei in which on the left of the 
temple is the letter b, and on the right, j. Legend, extending from one letter 
to the other, l'heureuse alliance [The happy alliance] : below, 5782. Re- 
verse, A rose in bloom on a stem with leaves and bud ; on the left are two 
crossed sprigs of acacia, forming nearly a semicircle, and on the right nine 

136 This and the Medals following to No. CCXXVI, 33°, of Cincinnati, O., who has kindly loaned them to 
inclusive, were unknown to Merzdorf, and I describe them me for this Catalogue. Other Medals oi Rouen are de- 
from specimens in the collection of E. T. Carson, Esq., scribed under XCI— XCIX. 



94 MASONIC MEDALS. 

stars, completing the circle ; that in the middle being larger than the others, 
which decrease in size as they approach the acacia. Legend, above, dieu 
l'honneur & LA PATRiE [God, honor, and fatherland:] and below, o.-. de 
PROViNS filling out the circle, separated at each end from the upper half of the 
legend by the compasses on an equilateral triangle, one angle placed as if 
intended for a square. Sily^ and br^prie. Size 19. 

CCXXII. Obverse, In a circle, the inscription in five lines, medaille 

d'assiduite T.". 2'? mercredi de chaque mois [Medal of Assiduity. 

Work ( Travaux) the second Wednesday of each month. Legend, outside the 
circle, la r.-. l.-. ch.-. ec.-. les trinitaires. o.-. de paris * [The Worshipful 
Scottish Chapitral Lodge of Trinitarians,'" &c.] Reverse. Between two sprigs 
of acacia, crossed at the bottom, is a triangle surrounded by rays forming a 
star of sixteen points, in which is the All-seeing eye. On the triangle, force, 
beaute. sagesse. [Strength, beauty, wisdom.] Brass. Decagonal. Size, 1 5, 
opposite sides. 

CCXXin. Obverse, On a low platform is a beehive surrounded by 
swarming bees. Legend, □.-. des amis bienfaisants. [Lodge of Benevo- 
lent Friends.] In exergue, o.-. d.-. p.-. [Or. of Paris.] Reverse, A temple, 
supported by six columns, and approached by seven steps ; the mason work 
indicated, and the door closed : in the pediment a level : over the temple a 
radiant sun, the face within a triangle, faintly but plainly indicated. In the 
foreground two pillars, one on either side of the temple, that on the left 
having j on its shaft, and a triangle on its base, and the other having b on its 
shaft and a pentagon on its base. Their capitals are adorned with pine 
apples (?) Between these pillars, at the foot of the steps are the square, 
compasses, ashlar, rule, trowel and gavel. Near the lower edge, very small, 
OBLiN on the left, and f. onthe right. Legend, post tenebras lux. [After 
darkness light.] Bronze. J/Octagonal. Size 19, between opposite sides. 

CCXXIV. Obverse, Two columns on a platform ; that on the right has 
the letter j on its shaft, and that on the left, b. Between the columns is a 

137 The abbreviations are for La Respectable LogeCha- now on the roll of the Grand Orient. This Medal is 
pitrale Ecossaise. See Note to LIL The Lodge is not probably a "Member's Jewel.' 



MASONIC MEDALS. 95 

railing (?) at the head of five steps, over which is a level. Legend, □.-. et 
CHAP.-. DES AMIS DE LA PATRiE • o.*. DE PARIS • [Lodge and Chapter of 
Friends of their Country, Sic.'^^] Reverse, The square and compasses, in which 
the letter G. Below are two sprigs of acacia, crossed and tied at the bottom, 
and above, filling out the circle, are seven stars. Copper. Size 18. y 

CCXXV. Obverse, Within a circle formed by a double row of points, 
the square and compasses, surrounded by two sprigs of acacia, crossed at the 
bottom -: the head of the compasses has a small five-pointed star. Legend, 
below, 26 MAI 1845. Reverse, In a similar circle, q des cceurs sinceres 
0.-. DE PARIS [Lodge of Sincere Hearts, &c.J in four lines, the last curving. 
Brass. Nine -sided. Size 17 between side and opposite angle. 

CCXXVI. Obverse, A wreath of acacia, in which is the inscription, 
HOMMAGE A SALOMON in three lines. Reverse, The square and compasses, 
enclosing the letters c. e. Below the square are two five-pointed stars. 
Legend, assemblee supreme. Copper. Size i5. The planchet has a loop 
for a ring.'39 

CCXXVn. Obverse, A globe, on which are meridian lines, &c. 
Legend, admirateurs above, and de l'univers below in semicircles ; between 
them are eight-pointed rosettes. Reverse, The square and compasses, the 
head of the latter being a radiant sun ; below the angle of the square, 1843. 
Brass. Decagonal. Size iS."*" 

CCXXVIIL Obverse, St. Peter, his head turned to the observer's left, 
standing with two crossed keys in his left hand ; his right hand on his breast : 
at the right, the cock on a low pedestal. Legend, tni s"" pierre des vrais 
AMIS Du parf.-. acc.-. reunis. [Lodge of St. Peter, of True Friends of Perfect 
Harmony, &C.J In exergue, S/So, Reverse, A temple of seven steps and sup- 
ported with six columns ; a mosaic pavement in front ; the door is closed ; in 
the pediment a very small level : on either side of the temple a Corinthian 
pillar, that on the right with the letter j, and the other with b on the shaft. 
The blazing sun above divides the legend, union force on the left, and 

138 This Lodge was instituted Aug. I, 1818, and is tered in 1810. I am in doubt whether that was the same, 
still working. 140 The "Loge Les Admirateurs de I'Univers,' was 

139 A Lodge called Les Disciples de Salomon was char- instituted August 2, i8o8, and is still working. 



96 MASONIC MEDALS. 

ENCOURAGEMENT on the right. In exergue, o.-. de parts. Bronze. Size 21. 
The planchet has a loop on top, to be pierced for a ring.'*' Rare. 

CCXXIX. Obverse, Bust of Crassous to right. Legend, above, Joseph 
AUGUSTiN CRASSOUS Below the bust, in very small letters, the line curving to 
conform to its edge, braemt fecit. 18 19. under which (as a mint mark ?) a 
small winged figure on its back, holding a rose (?). Reverse, A wreath of 
acacia, tied at bottom, open at top, in which in three lines, jurist : legist : 
M.\ Bronze. Size 14. Rare ; not mentioned by Merzdorf. Struck in Paris. 

CCXXX. Obverse, A beehive standing on a low platform and sur- 
rounded by swarming bees : below, 1840 Reverse, A field left blank, on 
which is usually engraved the recipient's name and a date. A circle surrounds 
it, outside of which is the legend, l.-. chap.-. :ec.-. des amis bien— et des 
iMi— d'osiris reunis. C". de parts • CopogT. Size 23. There have been 
apparently two dies for this Medal, one of which has had a piece broken out 
on the left of the beehive on the obverse ; and there are also slight differences 
in the rosette and the letters on the reverse.''*'' 

CCXXXI. Obverse, Bust of Louis XVIII to left, wearing state costume, 
ribbon and star. Legend, a louts xviii rot de France on the left, and 
l'ecossisme fr^ reconnatssant on the right. [The brethren practicing the 
Scottish rite to Louis XVIII, King of France.] Under the bust, in small 
letters, barre f. Reverse, At the top a small double-headed eagle holding a 
sword in his talons, under which in a semicircle curving upwards, deus meum- 
QUE JUS. Below, within a wreath of oak and olive, an inscription in six lines, 

CT^ DECAZES ELU T.*. P.'. S.'. GR.\ COM.'. TIT.*. TEMP.MNAUGURE GR.'. L.". 

installee STRANG.-. RETIRES ocTOBRE 1 8 1 8 [Count De Cazes elected 

Titular Thrice Puissant Sovereign Grand Commander : Temple inaugurated, 
Grand Lodge installed. Strangers retired, October 1818.J Legend, sup.-. 

CONS.-. DU 33" DEG.-. ECOSS.-. ET GR.-. L.*. DES PROP.-, DE LA TOLER.'. [Su- 
preme Council of the 33d degree of the Scottish rite, and Grand Lodge of the 

141 Alluded to by Merzdorf, but he gives no description, collection contains a proof impression. 
This Lodge was reconstituted in i8io, by the Grand Orient 142 The Chapitrale Lodge Les Amis I3ienfai>:ants, et des 

of France, and its charter dated back to Sept. 17, 1780. Tmitateurs d'Osiris Reuiiis, by which this Medal was 

The Medal was probably struck in 1810. Mr. Carson's struck, was chartered March 29, 1829, and is sUll working. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 97 

Promoters of Toleration. (?)] The legend is divided at the top by the eagle ; 
at the ifottom is a rule on which are suspended a square and compasses.'" 
BrMfze. Size 26. 

CCXXXII. Obverse, Between two pillars, their tops surmounted by- 
flames, that on the left having j on its shaft, and that on the right, b, is a 
temple supported by six pillars, and approached by seven steps : in its pedi- 
ment is a small five-pointed star ; above it is a radiant triangle. Legend, - l.-. 
DES RiGiDES OBSERVATEURS F°f EN 58i8- o.\ DE PARIS. [Lodge of Strict 
Observers, founded in 1818, &c.] Reverse, In a circle formed by a snake 
devouring its tail, three gavels crossed, tied by a bow of ribbon. Legend, ils 
NE BATTRONT QUE POUR LA GLOiRE DE l'grdre.'. [They do not Strike except 
for the glory of the Order.] Bronze. Size 17. 

CCXXXIIL Obverse, Bust of Count Muraire to left, wearing on the 
left lapel the ribbon and cross of the Legion of Honor. Legend, le c'^^ ho- 
NORE muraire. Under the bust, very small, feuvrier. f. Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in seven lines, au lieutenant grand commandeur de l'grdre ma^.*. 

ecossais en FRANCE, SES FRERES. 6829. [His brethren to the Lt. Gr. 

Commander of the Masonic Order, Scottish rite, in France.] Bronze. Size 26. 
The dies of this Medal cracked, and it is rare in perfect condition. 

CCXXXIV. Obverse, A wreath of oak and rose leaves, tied at bottom 
by a ribbon. At the top, filling out the circle, la concorde In the wreath, 
the inscription in three lines, gr.-. de sens, 5777 Below are three five-pointed 
stars. Reverse, A radiant triangle, in the centre of which is the letter G. 
Legend, recompense du travail [Reward of labor.] Brass. Nine-sided. 
Size 18 from side to opposite angle."** 

CCXXXV. Obverse, A shield, bearing gules, a chevron azure, between 
three casdes argent ; on the chevron a pair of compasses extended : over the 
shield a ribbon, plain, without motto, and above it, as if for a crest, a five- 

143 This Medal was struck at the time of a dispute be- the throne after the expulsion of Napoleon. Jean Jacques 

tween two Grand Councils in France, each of which Barre, by whom the dies were cut, was for a time chiet 

claimed to be the true body, and each elected Count De engraver at the French Mmt. He died in 1842. 
Cazes, the minister of police, as their Sovereign Grand 144 This is in Carson's collection and is not mentioned 

Commander. It was probably designed to secure the favor by Merzdorf. 
of the king, who had but a short time previously ascended 



98 MASONIC MEDALS. 

pointed radiant star, with G. Below the shield a rule and crayon holder, 
crossed, and tied with a ribbon, from which acacia sprigs rise on each side : 
near the rule, in very small letters, stern f. Legend, Above, = Ln anglaise 
N° 204- and below, filling out the circle, fondee en 1732 o.-. de bordeaux. 
[English Lodge, No. 204, founded in 1732, Orient of Bordeaux.] Reverse, 
Similar to reverse of LXXH, but with legend differently arranged, charite, 
UNION, sagesse. Border plain. Bronze. Size 17."*= 

•^ CCXXXVI. Obverse, A circle of five-pointed stars surrounds the field, 
in which a Mason, wearing an apron, approaches an altar having seven steps ; 
on the front of the altar is a triangle, and on the top a sword and palm branch ; 
on the left is an olive tree ; above, on the right, the moon breaking through 
clouds. Outside the circle of stars is the legend, □ de la philantropie a 
l'o de s^:-. quentin 5799. • [Lodge of Philanthropy, &c.] Reverse, As 
reverse of CLXIV. Edges milled. The planchet is slightly convex. Silver 
and bronze. Size 18. 

CCXXXVII. Obverse, A shield azure, on which the square and com- 
passes proper, (or color not indicated) ; over the shield and resting on it, a 
helmet ; from behind it appear several flags, on either side. Legend, l.-. 
Ecoss.-. des militaires reunis * OR.-. DE VERSAILLES • [Scottish Lodge of 
United Soldiers, &c.] Reverse, Three equilateral triangles interlaced, in the 
centre of which is the radiant All-seeing eye, and surrounding which are 
laurel branches tied at the bottom by a ribbon. Legend, uno avulso non 
DEFICIT ALTER. viRTUTi ET GLORIA. [When One is torn away another will 
not be wanting. To valor and glory.] Edge milled. Struck like a coin. 
Silver and copper. Size 18. 

CCXXXVIII. Obverse, Minerva seated, facing observer's left : in her 
right hand she holds a palm branch ; her left rests on an oval shield, on which 
is a radiant five-pointed star ; behind her righ.t foot is a level and square ; 
under her left, very small, donon f. An octagonal line surrounds the field, 
outside of which is the legend, l.-. chap.-, des amis de la paix • o.-. de 

145 I am inclined to consider this an earlier Medal of the near the accent over the E in charite. There are also 
F ^"e''^'^^'. '"*" , ^"; "^^^ <J'^^ "^ "°t so well slight differences in the rays and in the level. This is not 
cut, and there is a cracic, or flaw, in that of the reverse, mentioned by Merzdorf 



MASONIC MEDALS. 99 

PARIS • [Chapitrale Lodge of the Friends of Peace, &c.] Reverse, The square 
and compasses, surrounded by acacia sprigs and enclosing a five-pointed star, 
on which is the letter G. A Hne surrounds the field as on obverse, outside of 
which is the legend, philantropie. union, fraternite fondee en 5789. 
[Phiknthropy, Union, Fraternity. Founded in 1789.] This is an octagonal 
sily^ jeton."** Size 18 between opposite sides. 

CCXXXIX. Obverse, A square gothic building with towers on each 
corner, perhaps a fortress, from the centre of which rises a tall column, at 
the top of which is an open book. On the left of the edifice is a draw-bridge, 
open ; on the right a ladder. On the front are two small square stones, on 
one of which are the square and compasses, and on the other the letter R. 
Legend, l'ordre de h-d-m. introduit en fr. par j. matheus. g, m. p. 1786. 
[The Order of H-D-M introduced into France by Jean Matheus, Provincial 
Grand Master, 1786. J In exergue, in three lines, the last curving, chap.*, de 
H-D-M. DU CHOix. A PARIS 1 809 JALEY FECIT L.'. A-p-ii-T-N Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in eleven lines, I. t-r-s-t-a. n. chabouille 1786. 11. t-r-s-t-a l. j. dor- 
ban 1789. III. t-r-s-t-a a. c. durin 1806. IV. t-r-s-t-a. c. a. thory 1807. 
depute t-r-s-t-a j. p. rouyer.''*^ Copper, and probably other metals. Size 20. 

CCXL. Obverse, A shield bearing a lion rampant ; a garland of thistle 
leaves and flowers surrounds the shield, to which a jewel with the cross of St. 
Andrew is suspended. Legend, Above, G°^ □ h-d-m. en France [Grand 
Lodge of Herodom in France] and below filling out the circle, - nemo me 
IMPUNE lacesset ■ [No One wounds me with impunity.] Reverse, A shield 
bearing a chevron between three castles ; on the chevron a pair of compasses 
extended. Below the shield, very small, f.-. jalev. f'' anno 5809. On the 
left of the shield a hand extends from clouds and holds erect a sword : on the 

146 This description is from an impression in Mr. Car- Rouen, possibly that by which XCII was struck, and one 
son's collection. It will be noticed that the Medal is very in connection with the Loge du Choix at Pans, ui 1787, l)y 
similar to CXLII and CXLIII. See also XXVIII. which I suppose this Medal was struck. He was a man 

147 Jean Matheus, whose name appears on this Medal of some prominence at Rouen, member of the Academy 
was very active in introducing the higher grades (so called) there, &c., &c., and died November l^^^'^Z- i he abbre- 
of Masonry into France. He was born July 27, 1757, at viations on the obverse will readily be underetood, with 
Walsheim ; was W. M. of Ardente Amitie at Rouen (see the exception of a-P-h-T-N which I have not deciphered. 
XCiX) ; was warrrnted Provincial Grand Master for all T-R-S-T-A signifies Terseta, (the tit e perhaps of the pre- 
France, May i, 1786, by the "Grand Loge Royale de siding officer,) according to Tresor Numis. (where it is en- 
Herodomde Kilwinning." He established a chapter at graved,) Napoleon, pi. 37, fig- 3- 



100 MASONIC MEDALS. 

right, another, holding a trowel. Legend, above, pro opere aut bello [For 
labor or war,] and below, filling out the circle, in the lord we put our 
TRUST. Silver. Size 22."** 

CCXLI. Obverse, The square and compasses extended ; the points of 
the latter touching the ends of the square, and enclosing a radiant triangle, 
bearing the letter G. Legend, loge de saint claude de la paix sincere 
[Lodge of St. Claude of Sincere Peace.] Reverse, A circular temple, with 
dome surmounted by a star ; in its front an open door, on the left side of 
which B.-. and on the right j.-. Legend, orient de paris. Bronze. Size i5. 
This Medal, which is not mentioned by Merzdorf, is given by Tresor Numis- 
matique'"" under date of December 31, 1812. 

/^CCXLIL Obverse, Two Ionic pillars on the left, the one near the edge 
having J on its shaft, and the other B : on the right of the pillars are a hewn 
stone, or perfect ashlar, (?) an acacia tree, and a pyramid. In exergue, a trowel, 
on which is 5807. Legend, □ de s'!' michel or.-, de paris. Reverse, A 
dragon having three heads ; above is the radiant triangle, from which lightning 
darts upon the dragon. In exergue, the square and compasses, very small, 
and on the left, just above, adam. f. Legend, dispersit superbos. [He has 
scattered the proud.] '5° S^er. Size 19. 

CCXLIII. Obverse, The square and compasses surrounded by a wreath 
of acacia, which is tied at the bottom by a twisted cord, or cable tow : within 
the square and compasses, j.". E.". Legend, loge.-. Jerusalem ecossaise 
above, and « n- 99 » below. Reverse, Legend, solidarite fraternite » 
around the inscription jeton de f'resence, which is in three lines. Copper. 
Size 1 5. This is a member's jewel of the Scottish Lodge Jerusalem. '5' 

CCXLIV. Obverse, An acacia bush, on the branches of which are the 
letters b and j : near it on the left is a triangle, and on the right a gavel. 
Legend, pour les masons il est toujours fleuri [For Masons it is always 

148 The bodies which struck these Medals used the lion to in note 147 may be intended for Tirshatha— the title of 

of Scotland, and the arms and motto of the Scottish Grand Nehemiah, signifying Governor. See Neh. x. i, &c. 
Lodge, to denote the source whence they claimed to have 149 See Tresor Numis. Napoleon, pi. 54, fig. 3. 
derived their rite. The colors of the charges are not indi- 150 This Lodge was installed October 24, 1807. The 

cated in the engraving (Tresor Num. Nap., pi. 37, fig. 4,) Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Nap. pi. 24, fig. 3. 
from which our description is taken. It is also engraved 151 In Mr. Carson's collection, and not mentioned by 

in Thory's Annals, app. 25, pi. II. The t-R-S-t-a alluded Merzdorf I suppo.se this Lodge was in the Orient of Paris. 



MASONIC MEDALS. loi 

flourishing.] Reverse, A star, in the centre of which is a trowel with the 
letter G, and on which are lying the square and compasses. Legend above, 
L.'. ECOSSAiSE DE JERUSALEM and belowr, o.'. DE PARIS 1817 [Scottish Lodge 
of Jerusalem, &c.] I take this description from Merzdorf, who does not 
mention the size or metal. 

CCXLV. Obverse, A beehive on a low platform and surrounded by 
swarming bees, below which are two olive branches crossed. Legend, 

CONSTITUEE A l'o.". DE PARIS A LA DATE DU IX JOUR DU XI MOIS 58 lO * 

[Constituted in the Orient of Paris on the 9th day of January, 181 1.] 
Reverse, Inscription in three lines in the field le f.\ (blank for a name) 

MEMBRE DE LA L.-. LA RUCHE [Brother member of the Lodge 

"the Hive."] Legend, ignavum- fucos- pecus- a- praesepibus- argent- * 
[literally, They drive the drones, a slothful herd, from the hive.] This is a 
member's jewel.'=^ Bronze. Size i5. 

CCXLVL Obverse, Two men embracing each other in the foreground, 
and in the background, on an elevation, a temple of seven steps ; on its 
pediment the radiant letter G ; on either side are trees. Above on the right 
the sun, and on the left the moon. Legend, l.-. de l'union parfaite de la 
PFRSEVERANCE [Lodge of Perfect Union of Perseverance ; an error of f for e 
in the die.] Below, lambert f. in small letters. Reverse, A shield, bearing 
a radiant sun, and surmounted by an Eastern crown ; the foot of the shield 
rests in the angle of a square ; below the square are two crossed gavels : the 
ends of a ribbon, hang on each side from the upper corners of the shield: 
upon the ribbon on the left 19 mars and on the right 1813 Legend, o A de 
PARIS LE 17™ jour du 9- MOIS 1 806. [Orient of Paris, November 17, 1806.] 
The date first mentioned, March 19, 1813, is doubtless that of the Medal, 
and the second that of the foundation of the Lodge.'" Bronze. Size 2 5. 

There is a Medal or jeton mentioned by Merzdorf, of the Lodge L'Union 
Parfaite de la Perseverance de Sainte Cecile et de Sainte Genevieve, as 
alluded to in the "Proceedings at the Winter Festival, 1829," which he 
believes to be the same with this. 

152 This is engraved in Tresor Num. Nap. pi. 49, fig- 2. 153 This is engraved in Tresor Num. Nap. pi. 57, fig. 6. 



I02 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCXLVII. Obverse, a five-pointed radiant star, surrounded with sprigs 
of acacia. Legend above, trinosophes de bercy. Reverse, Noah's ark. on 
the gable of which is a dove with an oHve branch in its beak. Legend, above. 
NOE DEATEURS MiRADA and below, ^LFl D F L Struck Hke a coin.'-" Brass, 
octagonal. Size i5. 

CCXLVIIL Obverse, As XXXL Reverse, A small level, below which 
the inscription in eleven lines, le 30 av- 1871 la plus g- reunion ma- 

9ONNIQUE CONNUE JUSQU'a CE JOUR A EUE LIEU DANS LA COUR DU LOUVRE 
A PARIS PRES DE lO.OOO F.'. M.". DES 3 RITES VIENNENT PROTESTER CONTRE 

LA GUERRE CIVILE [April 30. 1 87 I, the grandest Masonic assemblage known 
to that day took place in the Court of the Louvre at Paris, when 10,000 Free- 
masons of the three rites came to protest against the civil war :] two clasped 
hands, very small, at the bottom. Lead,'" bronzed. Size 29. 

CCXLIX. Obverse, A radiant sun. Legend, hinc harmonia mundi 
[Hence the harmony of the world.] Reverse, St. John with the lamb. Le- 
gend, caritas nos vocat [Charity calls us.J This Medal was struck by the 
Lodge " St. Jean du Desert," of Valenciennes, founded in 1735, and which 
afterwards (at a date not later than 1842) united with the Lodge " La Parfaite 
Union.'^* Silver. 

CCL. Obverse, Two female figures standing, and clasping hands. 
Legend, loge de la parfaite vnion a l'orient de valenciennes. In 
exergue, as a mint-mark (?) a lion rampant. Reverse, The square and 
compasses, within which is a radiant triangle, bearing the Hebrew tetra- 
grammaton. Legend, constantia meruere lumen ♦ [By constancy they 
have merited light.] Bronze. Size 16.'" )• %.,..>v^f\^J^jitr*^ 

154 This Medal was struck by the Paris Lodge Les Tri- 155 This Medal is one of several struck by the Freema- 

nosophes de Bercy. Findel, History of Freemasonry, p. sons of Paris in the reign |of the Commune, 1871. See 

571, says there were tliree Lodges in France in 1820 calling XXXI, CL. CLI. I have one which is apparently a cast 

themselves Trinosophists, one nf which was "the most from an original, but the reverse is much sharper than casts 

highly esteemed and considerable of the Lodges under the usually are. There is a Medal with same obverse, and 

Grand Orient." There is a Lodge now on the Calendrier different reverse, not Masonic, struck in honor of Rocherau 

of the Grand Orient bearing tliis name, wliich was of New Orleans, who sent 200,000 francs to the relief of 

founded November'; 28, 1846, by which I suppose this the French wounded in 187 1. Lead bronzed. Size 28. 
Medal was struck, and which may be the successor of one 156 The description I copy from Merzdorf, who does not 

of those. I cannot decypher the legend. The characters mention the size or date, but places it before one of 1784, 

aie said to mean verite, truth, but do not correspond to as if struck earlier. 

those letters in the quadrate cypher as used on XXVII and 157 This is engraved in Tresor Numis. Nap. pi. 56, fig. 

olhers. being vcrkic, possibly a blunder of the die cutter. 3, where the dale is said to lie probably 1812. See XXII 

My description is from a Medal in Mr. Carson's collection, for another Medal of this Lodge. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 103 

CCLI. Obverse, A group of Masonic implements, secured by a ribbon 
on which are the letters f. s. b [Force, Sagesse, Beaute, or Strength, wisdom 
and beauty.] Legend, laboris ASSipvi pr^mivm [The reward of devoted 
labor.] In exergue, in three Hnes, de la parfaite union a l'o.-. de Valen- 
ciennes. [Lodge of Perfect Union, &c.] Reverse, A landscape illuminated 
by the radiant triangle above. Legend, constantia.*. meruere.-. lumen. In 
exergue, v. m. dcc lxxxiv. Silver.'^^ 

t/CCLII. Obverse, The imperial eagle of France with drooping wings, 
in a triangle, on the apex of which is a star in a wreath : around is a garland 
of flowers entwined with olive and laurel branches. Legend, i,.-. imperiale 
des francs chevaliers [Imperial Lodge of Free Chevaliers.] Reverse, A 
circle formed bv a snake devouring its tail, within which is the Hebrew letter 
jod over a dart : above the circle is an imperial crown. Legend, dieu 
l'empereur les dames [God, the emperor, the ladies.] BronzC Size 17. 
Struck in Paris, '^^ probably about 18 10. 

^ CCLIII. Obverse, Two pillars having the letters j and b standing on a 
platform, approached by several steps ; between them is a beehive, surrounded 
by swarming bees, above which is a group of Masonic emblems interlaced — 
the square, compasses, plummet, twenty-four inch guage, sword and acacia, — 
and irradiated by a triangle bearing the Hebrew tetragrammaton, over which 
and entwined around the pillars is a cable tow. In exergue, pingret. f. 
Reverse, A wreath of olive, in which is the inscription in five lines, □ de 
saint LOUIS DE FRANCE o.". DE PARIS 1816 Legend, bienfaisance. tole- 
rance, egalite. union. [Benevolence, toleration, equality, union.] Brorj^e, 
octagonal. Size 19 between opposite sides. '^° 

CCLIV. Obverse, Similar to reverse of CXCVIII, but the objects are 
differently grouped : the club, cross, and bust of Minerva are on the left of an 
altar with three steps ; on the foot of the bust hart fecit in two lines and 
very small letters, and in the back-ground is a beehive with bees ; on the 

1581 take the description from Merzdorf, who does not 47, figu^ 12, which gives the probable date mentioned, 
mention the size. The date, 1784, is probably that of the 160 Mr. Carson has one of these Medals Merzdorf pves 

formation of the Lodjre, and nol that of the Medal, which the name of the die cutter as Fmgret, which is probably an 

seems to have been intended for initiates. error for Pingret, the artist who made the dies for the 

159 This is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate Franklin Medal, LIX. 



I04 MASONIC MEDALS. 

right of the altar are the anchor, mirror and pelican, and in the back-ground 
an acacia bush is growing : on the lowest step on the right is a roll, with a 
seal hanging from it, and on the left a cTiisel : in front of the altar is the Bible ; 
on the altar a cushion and sword, its hilt to the left, and above, the star with 
rays, as on CXCVIII. Legend, loge des amis reunis. [Lodge of Asso- 
ciated Friends.] In exergue in two lines, or.*, de lille (nord) Re'verse, 
Near the top are three laurel wreaths interlaced, through which a ribbon is 
passed, a long loop hanging from the centre wreath : on the ribbon, devoue- 
MENT courage humanite [Dcvotion, courage, humanity.] The field below 
is blank for a name. Copper, silver plated. Size 31. 

CCLV. Obverse, Naked bust to the left, of Palaprat, the Grand Master 
of the Masonic Order of Knights Templar in France, under which, in two 
curving lines, very small, coquardon * ch. du t. 1820. [Chevalier du Tem- 
ple.] Legend, over the bust in the Templar cypher,"*' * bernardus:=ray- 
MUNDiJS D. G. E. FF. ss. s. M. E. P. E. P. •and below the bust, completing the 
circle, in the same cypher, fabre=palaprat. Reverse, A shield, bearing 
quarterly, i and 4, argent a cross patee gules ; 2 and 3, the arms of Palaprat, 
azure, a bend sinister or, over all a pale gules, on which in fess point the cross 
of the Legion of Honor ; on a chief ermine, a serpent entwined on a staff. 
Over the shield a crown and mitre combined ; on the crown, between the 
points of the mitre, which bend together at the top, is a mound, from which 
rises a spear-point with two pennons, v. d. on the left one, and s. a. on the 
right. [Vive Dieu Saint Amour. Live the God of holylove !] From the 

161 The Templar cypher is formed from the Templar of Grand Master from November 4, 1804, to Februarjr 18, 

fr™^!,?^ , "u°? '"^ '"^"f'^ °^ "'^ following number, 1838, when he died ; the date on the reverse, AN 686= 

(LCLVI ) and the last three letters are < V < signifying 1804, el. signifies the year of the Order, corresponding to 

B E B; ot these the first and last should probably each 1804, when he was elected. The Order of "New "or 

have a dot m their centres, which would make them p. " Modern " Templars united, January 13, 1841, in electing 

Merzdorf gives the inlerpretation of the abbreviations Dei Sir Sidney Smilh Grand Master, who subsequently assumed 

gratia hierosolymit. fralrum sanctorum summus magister the title of Regent of the Order. Dr. Rebold, from whose 

(el) pumifex et patrjarcha. I judge the character which he " General History of Freemasonry " we take these data, 

Cnm I fl I"-'' up'' '!3'^,i''"'^' "^T. ^^' Si-atia H says that "in 1843 no trace of the Order could be found 

rTn H nfVh K i''k ^^'■""'^^'''','Ti"''' ^'V t^e gracc of in France." (American translation, page 226.) There are 

.^^^frs i " °^ brethren, Grand Master, (and) pontiff many Masonic historians who consider this organization to 

hv r.^lp { ^""T T^r^ ""r 'i^ "''l"^ ^'"'"^'^ '^^^^ ''^^" 'h« '"°'her of American Knight Templar Ma- 

/vivn/r i^^'^P'^^'/' Grand Master of Templars on the sonry, which seems somewhat doubtful, but if true, gives 

^wi. 2«ll f°i ■'.°'''''' ."to French Masonry, this Medal peculiar interest. The arms are said tl be 

He was a physician of distmctum, and filled the position those of Palkprat on the authority of Merzdorf. 




CCLVI. Rev. 



CCL-V. 



PLATE X. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 105 

crown hangs an ermine fillet or stole, the ends which appear on each side of 
the shield having Teutonic crosses (the cross potent). Legend, in the same 
cypher, on the right of the shield, pro deo and on the left, et patria. [For 
God and our country.] Below, in Roman letters, + an. 6861=1804 el. ♦ 
Silver and bronze. Size 23. (Figure 37.) 

CCLVI. Obverse, Bust of Palaprat, similar to CCLV, but smaller ; below 
it in two lines, curving to conform to the edge of the bust, + r. coquardon • 
.1821. [Frere (?) Coquardon.J Legend, in the Templar cypher,'*' bgrn=: 
raym, d. g. e. ff. ss. s. m. e. b. s. p. + above the bust, and below, completing 
the circle, * fabre palaprat. Reverse, On the Templar cross, argent, a cross 
patee gules. Legend, in cypher, pro deo et patria. over the cross, and 
below it v. D. s. a. Bronze. Size 19. Struck like a coin. Rare. This and 
the preceding, though bearing no name of place, were doubtless struck at 
Paris. (Figure 38.) 

CCLVn. Obverse, The two pillars, surmounted by globes, on a m.osaic 
pavement : between them the extended compasses, the points resting on the 
arc of a circle extending over ninety degrees ; under the joint of the com- 
passes is the sun, and below that a square, the angle towards the top, enclosing 
a circle inscribed with a radiant triangle bearing the letter G. Below this an 
open book, a gavel, ashlars and other emblems ; between the arc and the 
pavement is a coffin and a scroll on which a name is engraved. A ribbon 
from the joint of the compasses is entwined about the tops of the pillars, above 
which at the top is the All-seeing eye, and suspended to the ribbon below 
are the plumb and level. This appears to have been struck in a die and the 
field then removed, so that the reverse is like the obverse, the objects being 
relatively changed in position. It was doubtless a member's jewel of some 
English Lodge, probably of the last century, and similar to VI, LXI, and 
others. Silver. This is not mentioned by Merzdorf Size 32 by 22. 

CCLVIII. Obverse, A female figure surrounded by three children, seated 

162 There appear to be three errors in this cypher ; one been <- P V E The signification of the letters would 

being the use of A or G for V or E, the second letter in then" be the same with those on the preceding Medal as far 

the cypher, (bgrn for BERN) and the letters next before as they correspond. My description is from an impression 

the last being plainly < B -^ s when they should have in Mr. Carson's collection. 



io6 MASONIC MEDALS. 

on a cross and anchor, crossed, representing faith, hope and charity. In 
exergue, on the left, very small, mossop. f. Reverse, The square and com- 
passes, crossed, enclosing a triangle on which is the letter G : to the lower 
angle of the square is suspended an interlaced double triangle forming a six- 
pointed star: above is the radiant All-seeing eye. Elliptical ; a loop for a ring 
was attached to the planchet on some, if not all. Bronze. Size 33 by 40.'*' 
(Figure 39.) 

C CLIX. Obverse, Clothed bust, facing, of the Duke of Sussex, wearing 
the collar and jewel of a Grand Master, and a star on his left breast. Legend, 
H- R- H- FRED"? DUKE OF SUSSEX M. w. G. M. Reverse, The front of a building, 
with pillars ; in the pediment the square and compasses in a radiant triangle, 
and on its top three small female figures, one on the left with a cross, another 
on the right with an anchor, and the third in the centre with children near 
her, representing faith, hope and charity. Legend, free mason's hall- a- l- 
5817. above, and dedicated sep" 23 1819 in two lines below. White metal 
and probably others. Size 24. Usually pierced for a ring.'^* 

CCLX. Obverse, Bust, facing, of the Duke of Sussex, with the Grand 
Master's regalia. Legend, h. r. h. p. aug. Frederick duke of Sussex, k. g. 
&c. Reverse, The square and compasses on a wreath of immortelles, within 
which the inscription in five lines, born jan. 27, 1773 mar. apr. 4. 1793 
DIED APR. 2 1. 1843 AGED 70 YEARS. Bronze and white metal. Size 26. 

CCLXI. Obverse, Bust in- profile to the left, of the Duke of Sussex, 
wearing a skull cap, the tassel falling behind. Legend, h. r. h. aug. fred. 
duke of SUSSEX, G. M. Near the edge at the bottom, in very small letters, 
engraved by w. j. TAYLOR FROM A MODEL BY H. WEIGALL. Reverse, A shield 
bearing quarterly, i and 4, Three lions passant gardant : 2, in a double 
tressure, flory and counter-flory, a lion rampant: 3, a harp: (the colors are 
not indicated:) a garter, bearing the motto honi sorr q al y pense 
surrounds the shield, which is surmounted by a ducal coronet, concealing the 
letters wanting from the motto. This is surrounded by the collar of a Grand 

163 This is an English Medal, but I have not ascertained to Merzdorf. 
its date, or by what body it was struck. Our engraving is 164 From Mr. Carson's collection. This also was un- 
trom a fine specimen ui Mr. Carson's collection. Unknown known to Merzdorf. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 107 

Master, (alternate links of stars and cyphers g. l.) to which is suspended the 
jewel — the compasses extended on an arc and enclosing a triangle. From the 
jewel on the right extends an olive branch, and on the left an ear of wheat. 
Legend in two circles ; the outer circle, near to the throne but nearer 
TO HIS FELLOW MAN. The inner circle has in smaller letters, born jan. 27. 
1773. DIED APRIL 21. 1 843. Bronze, and probably Other metals. Size 26.'*' 

CCLXII. Obverse, Accolated busts to right of George, Prince of Wales, 
and William, Duke of Clarence : the former wearing a collar with the square, 
and the latter, one with two interlaced triangles, forming a star of six points ; 
in the field, on the left, the radiant letter g, and on the right, the triple tau, 
also in rays. Legend, geo : a : f : p : wall : g : m : guli : h : d : clarent : 
G : p : o. Below'^* the busts, hancock. Reverse, Two oval tablets side by 
side ; in that on tHe left, an unfinished arch supported by two pillars, the rays 
of the meridian sun darting through the space where the keystone should 
be, and falling on an altar of three steps ; on the front of the altar is a six- 
pointed star and on its top a triangle ; above are three crowns ; on the right, 
leaning against the pillar, is a rod entwined with a serpent, and on the left a 
long staff, with a banner or curtain ; on the left of the left pillar is a trowel, 
and on the right of the other a dagger ; the altar stands on a mosaic pave- 
ment ; on the steps in front of the pavement are a spade, bar, pick, and cord. 
In the other tablet are three pillars, the centre one having g on its capital and 
a square hanging in front ; the right has a level in front, and b on its base ; 
the left has a plumb and j on the base ; the capital of each side pillar is sur- 
mounted by a globe ; between the pillars is a mosaic pavement, with the 
rough and perfect ashlars in the foreground, and a tresde board in the centre : 
three steps, on which are lying the Bible, square and compasses approach the 
pavement, in front of which is a coffin and the emblems of mortality : over 
the centre pillar is a cluster of seven stars, and above, the All-seeing eye in 

165 I am indebted to Mr. Proskey for a rubbing in foil a Royal Arch Chapter in England are styled Principals.) 
of this Medal, which is not mentioned by Merzdorf. The first-named was afterwards George the tpur'h. and 

166 I read the abbreviations translated from the Latin, the other (his brother) William the Fourth of Lngland. 
as signifying George Augustus Frederic, Prince of Wales, The letters after the name in the exergue (reverse) 1 take 
Grand Master : William Henry, Duke of Clarence, Grand to mean " Past Master Lodge No. 38. 

Principal of the Order. (The three officers at the head of 



io8 MASONIC MEDALS. 

clouds ; on the left of this pillar, three small burning tapers, adorned with the 
plumb, square and level ; below them is a five-pointed star, and above them 
the radiant sun ; on the right of this pillar a ladder of three steps, below 
which is the forty-seventh problem of Euclid, and above which the crescent 
moon : on the right of the right pillar, a sprig of acacia, and on the left of 
the left, an apron (?) Between the two tablets, above, are the coronet and 
three feathers of the Prince of Wales, and below, on a square, the arms, crest, 
and supporters (beavers) of the Grand Lodge of " Modern " Masons, so 
called, as described under obverse of LXII. In exergue, w. hollins • p • 
M • L . N • 38 • M.D.ccc.ii in two lines. Legend, in very small letters, in ■ prin- 

CIPIO. ERAT. SERMO . ET. SERMO . ILLE. ERAT. APUD . DEUM. ERATQUE. ILLE. 
SERMO . DEUS : ET. LUX. ISTA . IN. TENEBRIS. LUCIT. ET. TENEBRAE. EAM.NON, 

COMPREHEND ERUNT. [In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with 
God, and the Word was God : and the light shineth in darkness, but the dark- 
ness comprehended it not. ] At the bottom outside the legend, kempson et 
KiNDON F. Bronze, white metal, and probably others. Size 27. This very 
elaborate Medal, one of the finest I have seen of English Masonics, is said by 
Merzdorf to have been struck in 1802 on the occasion of the union of the 
two rites (Royal Arch Masonry with the " Blue " Lodge degrees,) in Eng- 
land.'*' The arrangement of the emblems in the tablet on the right is very 
similar to that on XXXVII, and other Medals of recent origin, hereafter to 
be described. (Figure 40.) 

CCLXIII. Obverse, A crown within a radiated circle ; at the bottom are 
sprigs of leaves. Legend, : loyal ♦ britons ♦ lodge:- Reverse, The 
crest of the Prince of Wales. Legend, halfpenny payable, at. Dublin. 
CORK. OR. LIMERICK. 1 795. Edge plain. Copper. Size i8.'*^ I suppose 
this to have been struck by an Irish Lodge, and used as a token. 

167 The Royal Arch Degree was recognized by the 168 This is mentioned by Batty, " Descriptive Catalogue 

English Grand l,odge after the union in 1813, and the of the Copper Coinage of Great Britain, &c," 3684B, and 

Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge made ex officio he refers lo Conder, p. 273, No. 92. Mr. Batty mentions 

"Grand Principal Z." The rite may have been recog- a token, No. ■i.T.xt,, the edge of which reads MASONIC. I. 



nized, as Merzdorf says, before the union, by the "Mod- SCRiCHLEY Fecit. There is nothing Masonic on the 

ems, but I have not as yet been able to verify that token except these words, and the piece is classified by 

statement. My description is from a foil rubbing, kindly Batty under Glasgow issues, having the arms of that city 

turnished me by Mr. Proskey of New York. on its obverse 



MASONIC MEDALS. 109 

CCLXIV. Obverse, Bust of Washington, in uniform, to left. Legend, 
G. WASHINGTON PRESIDENT. 1 797. Reverse, On a mosaic pavement are the two 
pillars surmounted by globes ; over the one on the right is the sun, and over 
the other the moon and stars ; at the top is the radiant All-seeing eye above 
the letter G, below which are the square and compasses and three burning 
tapers ; on the right of the pillars a level and open book, and on the left a 
plumb and gavel ; a trowel lies on the pavement. Legend, amor, honor, et. 
JUSTITIA. » G. w. G. G. M. ♦ [Love, honor and justice.] '^^ A rope border 
surrounds both obverse and reverse. Brass. Size 22. (Fig. i , Frontispiece.) 

CCLXV. Obverse, Bust of Washington in uniform to left, surrounded 
by a wreath of laurel. Legend, he is in glory, the world in tears. 
Reverse, Inscription in four concentric circles, b. feb. ii. 1732. gen. am. 

ARMIES. 1775 I re. 1786. PRES. U. S. AM. '89. R. '96. | GEN. ARM. U. S. AM. 98. | 

OB. D. 1 5. 99. At the base a skull and cross bones.'^" Silver. Size 185. 
Rare. 

CCLXVI. Obverse, A circle, size 19, containing bust of Washington to 
right, with GEORGE on the left and Washington on the right ; below in small 
letters, g. h. l. : outside this circle, at the top, an eagle with extended wings 
havmg a long ribbon in his beak, on which at the right, talem ferent 
NULLUM and on the left, secla futura virum [Future ages will not produce 
such another :] about the ribbon are forty-five stars : at the bottom a trophy 
of flags, cannon, muskets, balls, &c., on which is the shield of the United 
States. Reverse, A mosaic pavement, approached by three steps ; on the 
right is a Doric pillar, surmounted by the celestial globe ; suspended upon its 

'■^^ ■Fj' J '^^^""^ '^ ""^ frequently used on English Ma- only Masonic emblem upon it is the skull, &c. I have 

sonic Medals, and the bust is similar to that on some been informed by Mr. John McClellan the G. T. of the 

English tokens. There are other reasons not necessary to M. W. Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, that it is supposed 

mention, which incline us to believe that this Medal is of to have been struck for, and was generally worn in the 

cjiglish origin.^ G. w, G. G. M. is supposed to mean Geo. Masonic funeral proc^sion, attended by sixteen hundred 

Washington, General Grand Master. The Grand Lodge brethren, in Boston, February il, iSoo, a full description 

of Pennsylvania proposed the creation of a General Grand of which will be found in Heard's " History of Columbian 

Lodge, with Washington as its supreme head in 1780, but Lodge," pp. 258-263; Mr. McClellan has in his possession 

the suggestion did not meet with favor, and fell to the one of these Medals, in which is still remaining the blue 

ground. The date, 1797, has no special Masonic sign iff- riblx)n by which it was worn on that day. Another equally 

cance that I have been able to discover. well known Medal with the same obverse, but with reverse 

170I have included this well known Funeral Medal of an urn, &c., (Appleton, Washington Medals, LX) was 

Washington among Masonics, with some hesitation, as the worn at the civic funeral procession eleven days later. 



no MASONIC MEDALS. 

shaft is a level : on the left, an Ionic pillar, bearing, the terrestrial globe and a 
plumb, and in the centre, a Corinthian pillar, a square hanging on its shaft, the 
letter G, surmounted by a cluster of seven stars over its capital, above which 
the All-seeing eye darts its rays through clouds ; on the left of the stars is the 
sun, and on the right the moon ; below the sun and between the pillars, are 
three burning tapers and a five-pointed star ; below the moon, a ladder of 
three rounds, and the forty-seventh problem : on the steps in front, the Bible, 
square and compasses, and in the foreground a cofifin bearing the skull and 
bones. Two crossed palm branches surround these devices, outside of which 
is an ornamental band bearing the legend, non nobis solum, bed toto mundo 
NATi [To one born not for us alone but for the whole world.] At the bottom, 
between the stems of the palm branches, mdccclix. Borders reeded. Bronze 
and white metal. Size 32.'^' There are some slight variations in the size of 
the planchets on which this Medal was struck, and also in the borders. 

CCLXVII. Obverse, Bust of Washington to left, around it a wreath of 
laurel, tied at the bottom, and- at top a five-pointed radiant star. Legend, 
inside the wreath, first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts 
OF his countrymen, with the square and compasses at the bottom. In an 
inner semicircle below the bust, born feb. 22. 1732 — died dec. 14. 1799. 
In very small letters under the bust, on the left, r. laubenheimer. and on the 
right edge of the bust, r. l. Outside the wreath at the bottom, patented 
JUNE 8. 1875. Reverse, View of George and his hatchet, the cut tree on the 
right and his father on the left ; trees and a fence in the background. Legend 
above, magna est Veritas et pr^valebit [Truth is great and will prevail : 
motto of the Red Cross degree.] Below the legend a wreath of oak and 
olive, enclosing a monogram of g. w. and an eye. In exergue, curving, " i 
can not tell a lie." The date 1876 at bottom. Silver, bronze, brass and 
white metal. Size 32. 

There are dies almost exactly like the above, from which impressions 

171 It will be seen, on comparison, how very closely the source, and it is an interesting fact that Mr. Lovett who 

emblems on this Medal follow those in one of the tablets made these dies, writes me that he has never seen the 

on the reverse of CCLXII. The design in the Trestle- English Medal, 
board which suggested this, undoubtedly came from that 



MASONIC MEDALS. m 

have been struck in cherry wood, size 40 ; but as I do not consider that 
impressions in wood are properly classed as Medals, I do not include them here. 

CCLXVIII. Obverse, Bust of Washington to left : under the bust 
WASHINGTON and two crossed palm branches, which extend nearly half way up 
the sides of the Medal : over that on the left 1776 and over the other. 1876 ; 
at the top are twelve five-pointed stars. Legend, in two lines, (the first nearly 
a semicircle, and the second extending nearly round the bust,) 100™ year of 
OUR NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE. Reverse, As reverse of XXXVII, and very 
similar to CCLXVI. The dies were by Lovett of New York, and that of the 
obverse cracked after a few had been struck. Silver, brass and copper. Size 
20. Extremely rare."'' 

CCLXIX. Obverse, Bust of Washington to right, under which in very 
small letters, merriam. Legend, above, george Washington, and below, 
filling out the circle, born February 22. 1732. Reverse, View of the Ma- 
sonic Temple, Boston, as on obverse of XXI. Silver, bronze and whitejrietal. 
Size 19. This Medal is very rare, less than thirty in all having been struck.'" 

CCLXX. Obverse, Bust of Washington to right ; under it, very small, 
G. H. L. Legend on the left, george and on the right, Washington Reverse, 
The square and compasses enclosing the letter G, and surrounded by a circle. 
Legend,/NiT° in fredericksrurgh lodge, md. nov. 4. 1752. SiK^r, copper 
and brass. Size 18. Only ten sets have been struck, on account of the error 
of the State, md. for Virginia, and the reverse die has been, or is about to be, 
destroyed. 

-CCLXXI. Obverse, As obverse of CCLXX. Reverse, The square, 
compasses, and letter G, but no circle. Legend, init° in fredericksburgh 
LODGE no. 4 VIRGINIA and, in a curving line under the square, nov. 4. 6752. 
Only ten were struck in silver, and twenty-five each in brass and copper, when 
the die of the reverse broke, and the Medal is consequently extremely rare. 
Size 18. The dies of this and the preceding Medal were by G. H. Lovett, of 
New York. 

172I have been informed .that only ten sets were struck. l73The name on the curbstone is Weeden, xioiWarden 

The obverse viras used with a reverse not Masonic as a as given under XXI. 
Centennial Medal. 



112 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCLXXII. Obverse, Naked bust of Washington to right, by Soley. 
Reverse, The Bible, on which are the square and compasses, enclpsing the 
letter G. No legends. Silver, nickel, copper, brass and tin. Size 12. 

CCLXXIII. Obverse, Naked bust of Washington to right, by Paquet. 
Reverse, As reverse of CCLXXII. Silver, nickel, copper, gilt, brass and 
white metal. Size 12.'" 

CCLXXIV. Obverse, Clothed bust of Washington to right, by Paquet. 
Reverse, As reverse of CCLXXII. Silver, nickel, copper, gilt, brass and 
white metal. Size 1 2. 

CCLXXV. Obverse, Bust of Washington, in civilian dress to left, 
three-quarters facing ; on the edge of the bust, in small sunken letters," key : 
below the bust in small figures, 1 732-1 799. Reverse, The square, compasses 
and rule, in an open wreath of acacia and olive : over the head of the com- 
passes a radiant star of six points, on which is the letter G sunken. Legend, 
FORTITUDE, PRUDENCE, JUSTICE. At the bottom, near the edge, between the 
points of the compasses, in very small letters, harzfeld's series. Silver and 
bronze. Size 21. The dies were by W. H. Key; issued by S. K. Harzfeld, 
Philadelphia, 1878. The obverse is found with a reverse not Masonic, 

CCLXXVI. Obverse, As reverse of CCLXXIV. Reverse, Incused 
inscription, struck in the | main building | of the international | exhi- 
bition, I PHILA. I ON THE FIRST STEAM | COINING PRESS | USED BY THE | U. S. 

MINT, in nine Hnes, the first, sixth and ninth curving : around the field a 
border, on which is a vine of ivy leaves and berries. Edge milled. Silver 
and brass. .Size 12. It is said but fifty were struck in each metal. 

CCLXXVII. There is another medalet like the above, except reverse 
has date 1877 at the bottom outside the inscription ; it is pierced for a ring; 
it is said only twenty or twenty-five were struck, when the reverse die broke. 
The obverse is defaced, whether from a fault in the die, or from the manner of 
striking the reverse, I am unable to decide. White metal. 

173 This and the preceding closely resemble each other, the Soley die radiate from the centre, while those on the 

but the busts have slight differences, readily noticed on Paquet die run obliquely. The reverses are from the same 

comparison ; the nose on that by Soley is sharper than the die. These three Medals (cclxxii-cclxxiv) are said to have 

other, and the bust is a little smaller ; there is also a dif- been struck by Diehl & Co., Philadelphia, in 1877. 
fei-ence in the borders of the obverse, the lines of which in 



MASONIC MEDALS. 113 

CCLXXVIII. Obverse, Bust of Franklin, to left, under which in ex- 
tremely small letters, merriam. Legend, above, benjamin franklin and 
below, BORN JAN. 17. 1706. Reverse, View of the Boston Temple as on 
obverse of XXI. This Medal is very rare ; less than thirty were struck. 
Silver, bronze and white/metal. Size 19. 

CCLXXIX. Obverse, As obverse of CCLXXVIII. Reverse, As 
reverse of XXI. Only ten were struck. Bronze. Size 19. 

CCLXXX. Obverse, Clothed bust of Lafayette to right. Legend, on 
the left, general and on the right, lafayette. Below the bust in small 
letters, n. y. m. c. series no. 2 (for New York Medal Club.) Reverse, Ma- 
sonic ernblems, in wrpath, as reverse of XXXVII. Only ten sets were struck 
in silv/^ and cornier, and a few in brop^e : the dies were then destroyed. 
Size 20.''* 

CCLXXXI. Obverse, Clothed bust of Lafayette to right : on the edge 
of the shoulder in very small letters, w. h. key, f. Legend, on the left, 
general and on the right lafayette in perpendicular lines. Under the bust, 
in a curving line, 1 767-1 834 Reverse, The square, compasses and rule, and 
radiant star with G, similar to reverse of CCLXXV. but instead of a wreath 
a sprig of olive on the right and acacia on the left, their stems crossed under 
the rule. No legend^ Under tlje angle of the square, harzfeld's series in 
small letters. Silvef and br^K^. Size 182. (Figure 41.) The obverse is 
also found with a reverse not Masonic. 

CCLXXXII. Obverse, The All-seeing eye, surrounded by rays, below 
which SOCRATES □ N° 595. instituted, JUNE 28^ 1 866 in four lines, the first 
and third curving, and the last extending more than half around the lower 
edge of the Medal. Reverse, Similar to reverse of CCLXVI, but the radiant 
All-seeing eye at the top, and the band with the legend are wanting. Silver 
and perhaps other metals. Size 24. 

CCLXXXIII. Obverse, A shield, paly of thirteen, gules and argent, 
a chief azure ; on the shield an elliptical tablet, containing the square and 

174 Ten sets in silver and copper and a few in bronze circle of thirteen stars above, N. Y. MEDAL CLUB series 
werestruckofthisMedal with Obverse, Bust of Lafayette, No l below. Same size. This reverse die was also 
and Reverse, Bust of Washington in semi-wreath ; semi- destroyed. 



114 MASONIC MEDALS. 

compasses, within which is the letter G. The shield is placed upon a "glory" 
of six United States flags — the stars and stripes of two appearing on the 
sides, and the spear heads of the staves and the 'unions' of the others behind 
them. Above is a ribbon with the words 43° reg'^ m- v- m. and below it are 
two crossed swords, around which is draped a sash, and two muskets crossed 
behind them. Near the bottom in small letters, edler. Reverse, N'eb) 
Berne north Carolina, JScClellan ILotrge under dispensation from m. w. 
GRAND lodge OF MASSACHUSETTS. 1 863. The name of the Lodge is on a large 
scroll, and " under dispensation from " on a smaller one : the whole arranged 
in nine lines, all curved. Silver. Size 25. Very rare. Struck, for an army 
Lodge in the 43d Massachusetts Regiment of Volunteers, which served in 
North Carolina. It was suspended by rings from a clasp bearing a tiger's 
head, the emblem of the Boston Light Infantry, by which the Regiment was 
recruited. The obverse is usually found with a name engraved. 

CCLXXXIV. Obverse, View of the new Masonic Temple in Philadel- 
phia. Legend, above, new masonic temple and below, Philadelphia. Re- 
verse, The square and compasses, above which is the radiant All-seeing eye. 
Legend, dedicated September 26 a. d. 1873. a. l. 6873 ••• Copper, 
bronze and perhaps other metals. Size 24. 

CCLXXXV. Obverse, View of the new Masonic Temple. Legend, 
beginning near the top of the temple, on the left, and reading downwards, 
(in opposite direction to the preceding,) new masonic hall, Philadelphia 
Reverse, The square and compasses, within which is the letter G : above is 
the radiant All-seeing eye, (the rays longer in proportion than in the pre- 
ceding.) Legend, reading as on obverse, dedicated sept. 26 a. d. 1873. a. l. 
5873. Silver and probably other metals. Size 13. The dies are said to 
have been cut by J. W. Kline of Philadelphia. t^yi^^ ^ S*^ '■^-Utl r 

CCLXXXVI. Obverse, As obverse of CCLXXXV. Reverse, j. henry 
gercke watchmaker and jeweler - 1 206 pine s^ phila. in five lines, all but 
the third curving. White metal. Size 13. 

CCLXXXVII. Obverse, View of the Masonic Temple, Springfield, 
Mass. Legend, on the left masonic and on the right, temple. Reverse, A 



MASONIC MEDALS. 115 

double triangle, " braced," forming a six-pointed star, enclosing the square and 
compasses, within which is the letter G : behind, are two crossed swords, their 
hilts at the bottom on each side of the lower point of the star, and their points 
appearing above. Legend, above, dedicated june 24 1874 ^"d below, 
SPRINGFIELD, MASS. Borders beaded. Silver, bronze and white metal. Size 
175. We are informed that the dies for this Medal were cut by J. A. Bolen, 
and only a few were struck (it is said but five in bronze) when they broke. 
The Medal is scarce in white metal, and very rare in silver. 

CCLXXXVIII. Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing the letter 
G : an olive-branch entwined with the compasses : under the square, de witt 
CLINTON G. M. below which is a level. Legend, olive branch n no 39 
CHARTERED 58 1 3. Reverse, View of a building erected for a Masonic temple 
and afterwards used as a school house."" Legend, the old round house, 
LE ROY, N. Y. In exergue, erected 1826 demolished i857 in two lines, the 
second curving. Silver, (four only"'*) brop^, copper and whit^metal. Size 22. 
The dies were cut bv G. H. Lovett, of New York, and the Medals struck by 
order of Thomas Warner of Cohocton, N. Y., in 1877, an initiate and member 
of Olive Branch Lodge. 

Mr. Warner afterwards had a second die of the reverse, or " Round 
House," cut, differing from the above in having the perspective of the building 
altered ; there are slight changes in the tower, and the building is surrounded 
by a circle, outside of which is the legend, as in the first ; and the words in 
exergue of first die are in the second added to the legend at the bottom, with 
a period after each date. The size and metals are the same. -^ CLy-^i^^oi^ (^ 

CCLXXXIX. Obverse, A diadem, through which passes a cross of 
Calvary ; above, new york and below, june 2. 1875. Around is a circle of 
dots, outside of which is the legend above, ^.york comm'd'y n° 55. n. y. ►!< and 

175 The Old Round House at Le Roy was distinguished to the scholars who received instruction within 

in that neighborhood, from, the circumstance that William ITS walls in seven lines. 

Morgan, whose abduction and murder were charged upon 176 Two of those struck m silver had obverse as above 

Masons, (which gave rise to the Anti-Masonic excitement and reverse blank. On one of these Mr. Wamer had the 

of 1826 and following years,) is said to have aided in its date of his initiation engraved, and on the other the names 

erection, as an operative Mason. The reverse is found of the eight gentlemen who were " the founders of the 

with an obverse not Masonic ; — within a wreath of oak 'Old Round House,' all Knights Templar, as he has 

leaves, a burning lamp above the inscription, dedicated kindly informed me. 



ii6 MASONIC MEDALS. 

below, ST. John's comm'd'y n° 9. n. j. The field is roughened. Above, at- 
tached to the planchet, is a bar, i5 by 5, on which dedication. Reverse, 
Plain. The Medal is in the form of an ellipse. Silver-plated. Size 20 by 26, 
Struck for use at the dedication of the new Masonic Temple in New York. 

CCXC. Obverse, A circle in which lake city, fla in three lines. 
Legend, outside the circle, lake city lodge n° 27 >I< Reverse, A plumb, 
level and square, above which is the radiant All-seeing eye. No legend. 
Brass and copper. Size 18. Scarce. The dies were cut by G. H. Lovett, of 
New York, c/ A«-<^<- ^S^ ^ O^^^,^ — - ^Tit-*,/. Crf^»~/ V in Ir-^ 

CCXCI. Obverse,. Bust of Dr.- Kane to right over a tablet, representing 
an Arctic scene, — a ship, careened among icebergs. On each side of the 
tablet are two American flags; below the tablet, very small, G. yC. lovett 
N. Y. Legend, dr. elisha kent kane, the great arctic navigator, u. s. n. 
Reverse, As reverse of CCLXVL Borders reeded. Bronze and white metal. 
Size 32."" 

CCXCIL In the form of a shield, with floriated border. Obverse, On 
a field gules, a chevron between three casdes argent : on the chevron a pair 
of compasses extended : over the arms, on a ribbon, sT johxs lodge, and 
beneath, on another ribbon, chartered a. l. 5733. Reverse, Plain, usually 
engraved with name and date. Gold. Length, 30, width 24. Very rare. 
This is a " member's jewel " of St. John's Lodge, Boston, which is the oldest 
Lodge in America, and was struck about i858. 

CCXCIIL Obverse, Within a border composed of eight thistles and as 
many thistle leaves, forming a star, a circle of green enamel surrounding a 
field of blue enamel on which is a cross of St. Andrew in white enamel ; the 
cross and field have a narrow -edge of gold. Legend, above, s'^ Andrew's 
lodge and below, *i756* in gold letters on the green circle. Reverse, 
Plain, engraved with name and date. Gold. Size of the circle, 18. To the 
two lower leaves is attached a chain which suspends a dragon rampant, of 
gold, alluding to the sign of the old Green Dragon Tavern, Boston, the ancient 
place of meeting of the Lodge. The Medal is worn attached by a loop to a 

177 1 am informed by Mr. Lovett that this Medal was stiiick in honor of Kane Lodge, New York. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 117 

bar and ribbon. Scarce. Adopted as a member's jewel in i855 ; the dies 
have been since recut, but without change in description. 

CCXCIV. Obverse, Bust of Columbia, three-quarters" facing, to right, 
wearing a helmet, encircled with stars. Around is a garter ; the end of the 
strap turned over, after passing through a buckle, and bearing a small square 
and compasses : on the top at the left are leaves and ears of wheat : in the 
centre, grape leaves, and on the right, olive leaves and berries. Legend, on 
the garter, near the top, on the left instit'd and on the right, a. d. 1795. in very- 
small letters. At the bottom on the left Columbian and on the right, lodge. 
Reverse, Plain or engraved with member's name. The Medal is of gold, or 
silver gold-plated, and the field around the bust within the garter is blue 
enamel. Size 20. A ring on the planchet at the top, by which it is attached 
to a blue ribbon and clasp, with the motto of the Lodge semper ubique, and 
a slide, engraved as a twenty-four inch gauge. This is a " member's jewel " 
of Columbian Lodge, Boston. 

CCXCV. Obverse, A flight of three steps, on either side of which 
stands an angel, and a third is descending ; at the foot a man is sleeping ; at 
the top rays emerge from the clouds. The design alludes to " the ladder 
which Jacob in his vision saw, having three principal rounds," the names of 
which are given in the legend at the bottom on a ribbon, fides, spes, charitas. 
[Faith, Hope, Charity.] Reverse, Plain, or engraved with member's name. 
Gold! Size 19. This is usually enclosed in a garter of blue enamel, on which 
is wiNSLOW LEWIS LODGE in gold letters, and a small square and compass on 
the end of the ribbon. This is a "member's jewel" of the Lodge named, 
Boston. They were first struck as early as i858. 

CCXCVL Obverse, A diadem, gilt, through which is passed a cross of 
Calvary, bottonny, enameled red, the whole surrounded by rays, extending to 
the edge. Legend, above, be thou faithful unto death, and below, and 
I WILL GIVE THEE A CROWN OF LIFE. Edge Serrated, making a star of 
twenty-eight points. Reverse, Plain. Silver-plated. Size 28. This was worn, 
suspended by a ribbon, at the Nineteenth Annual Conclave of the Grand 
Commandery of Knights Templar of Pennsylvania, at Reading, 1872. 



ii8 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCXCVII. Obverse, A cross patee, on the upper arm of which rests a 
diadem. The horizontal arms of the cross have perpendicular lines, denoting 
gules, the others are azure. On the cross is a shield, quarterly ; i and 4 
argent, a cross patee gules, the perpendicular arms slightly longer than the 
horizontal ; 2 and 3, per pale, gules and argent, probably intended for sable 
and argent, the Templar colors. On the fess point over all, an escutcheon, 
or, (or color, not designated,) bearing a cross of Calvary, the long bar azure, 
the cross bar gules. Behind the shield are a sword and crozier, crossed 
between the arms of the cross. Around the edge is a circle on which are 
twelve points. Reverse, Two branches of olive, the stems crossed at the 
top, enclosing Pittsburgh commandery n! i in three lines, the first two 
curving : at the bottom between the leaves, a small cross patee. Bronze 
and while metal. Size 27. This is a member's Medal of Pittsburgh Com- 
mandery, K. T. of Pennsylvania."'^ 

CCXCVIII. Obverse, An equilateral triangle with the apex at the top, 
behind a shield having its border studded with small bosses, its surface 
roughened, and bearing a cross of Calvary, plain. Legend, above, kadosh 
COMMANDERY, N° 29, K. T. and below, PHILADELPHIA. Reverse, Plain, for 
engraving. Silver, very rare ; bronze and white metal, scarce. Size 30. 

CCXCIX. Obverse, As obverse of CI. Reverse, Inscription in ten 
lines ; mary commandery. n° 36. knights templar Philadelphia pilgrimage 
TO LANCASTER PENNA. MAY 30 — 1 877 The fourth, fifth and last Hues curving. 
Lead. In the form of a shield. Size 22 in breadth, by 29 in width. 

CCC. Obverse, A cross patee, on the centre of which a circular tablet 
showing St. Simon of Cyrene bearing the cross. Behind the tablet two 
crossed swords, their hilts between the arms of the cross above, and their 
points below. Legend, on scrolls, placed on each arm, on the upper arm, 
CYRENE ; on the right, commandery, on the lower, knights templar in two 
scrolls ; on the left, camden, n. j. the lines all curving except the second on 
the lower arm. Reverse, Plain. Silver, bronze, brass and white metal. 
Square, the corners cut off. Size 21. This is said to be very rare. 

178 The field is covered with small dots; whether to were evidently cut by some one ignorant of the heraldic 
signify color, or to roughen it, I am uncertain. The dies significance of lines, as denoting color. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 119 

CCCI. Obverse, The square and compasses ; near the edge an invected 
border, outside of which another, beaded. No legend. Reverse, Legend, 
HOPKINS LODGE N° 1 8o F. A. M. « surrounding the inscription- black jack 
GROVE. TEXAS in four lines, the first and last curving. Border beaded. Size 
13. Silver (ten only), copper and brass: scarce. The dies were cut by 
G. H. Lovett, of New York. 

CCCII. Obverse, A shield bearing the Bible, square and compasses 
(colors not indicated), and resting on a scroll having the motto deugd, zy, uw 
ciERAAD [Virtue be your ornament] : below the scroll are two right hands 
joined. Supporters, dexter, a lion rampant gardant, holding a sword in his 
dexter paw ; sinister an eagle, having a globe in his sinister talon. The shield 
is illuminated by rays falling from the All-seeing eye above, which is sur- 
rounded by a circle of thirteen five-pointed stars. Legend, hollandsche loge 
STAAT VAN NiEUW YORK and at the bottom • 6787 ♦ [Holland Lodge, State 
of New York]. Reverse, Legend, above, f" sepI^ 20 as n° 8, orig": war'"' 
STOLEN extending two-thirds around the Medal ; under this, on a semi-circular 
ribbon, first master john meyer over the inscription reis" a- l. 58io, by 
g- l- of n- y- ch™ to n° 16, 5819: 13, 5830: 8, 5839: in six lines, and 
below in small letters, in two lines curving to conform to lower edge, i. f. w. 
DES. G. H. iv'fec. l f. wood's SERIES " D " NO. 4. Silver (ten only), bra^g^ 
and copf^r : scarce. Size 20. The dies were cut by G. H. Lovett, of New 
York, and the Medal, which was designed by Mr. I. F. Wood, was issued 
by the Medal Club of New York. 

CCCIIL Obverse, As obverse of X^XVI. Reverse, as obverse of 
XXXVIL Silv^ only ten struck ; co^|fer and bra^, fifty of each struck. 
Size 20. ^ ^ 

CCCIV. Obverse, As obverse of XXXVL Reverse, as reverse of 
XXXVIL Silver, only ten struck ; copp^and br^ fifty of each struck.'" 

CCCV, Obverse, A keystone, on which is a circle, bearing the letters 
HTWSSTKS. No legend. Reverse, Plain. Copper. Size i5. This is 

179 This and the preceding were recently (1878) struck copper and Mass (fifty each), and the reverse die of the 
by the New York Medal Club, and at the same time the latter was then destroyed. 
Sage Token, XXXVI, was re-struck in silver (ten only), 



I20 MASONIC MEDALS. 

known as a " Mark penny," in bodies working the Mark Master's degree, and 
is supposed to have been struck in Philadelphia. 

CCCVI. Obverse, A keystone, lettered, similar to CCCV, above which 
MARK and below, lodge, in two lines curving to conform to the edge. 
Reverse, excelsior n° 216 in two lines, the upper curving, and a floral 
ornament below. Struck like a coin. Copper. Size i5 nearly. This, like 
the preceding, is also a "Mark penny." 

CCCVII. Obverse, Inscription, solomon's-lodge n° i po'keepsie n. y. 
FOUNDED APRIL 1 8, 1 77 1, in five lines, the first two semicircular, the others 
straight and occupying the upper part of the field : below this, a ribbon scroll, 
the ends bent back in a triangular fprm, and joined at the bottom : on the 
horizontal part of the scroll, jas. Livingston, esq ; on the right side first 
and on the left, master : below the scroll at the bottom, curving upwards in a 
semicircle, wood's series "c" no. 2. i. f. w. des. g. h. l. fec. A circular 
line surrounds the field and inscription, outside of which is the legend, 

" * KING SOLOMON SENT AND FETCHED * A WIDOW's SON * FILLED WITH WISDOM 

and UNDERSTANDING " Reverse, The square and compasses enclosing a 
naked bust to left of Washington, the head of the compasses separating the 
third and fourth words of the legend " bro. geo. Washington commander-in- 
chief " which extends nearly round the Medal. Below the square in two 
lines curving upwards, the second completing the circle of the legend, visited 
THE LODGE DEC. 27, 1782. Silver, fifteen only, brass and copper, fifty only, 
white metal, one hundred. Size 22 nearly. The dies, which have been can- 
celled, were cut by Mr. Lovett of New York, and the Medals were struck in 
that city, July, 1878, for Mr. I. F. Wood. 

CCCVII I. Obverse, A triangle, on which are twelve candlesticks, be- 
hind a cross of Calvary entwined with a serpent. On the short bar of the 
cross, I N R I ; on the left of the cross, inside the triangle, two crossed daggers, 
behind which a skull, and on the right an open book. A circle surrounds the 
triangle, the points of the latter extending over it. Legend, outside the 
circle, above, Detroit commandery and below, Detroit mich : inside the 
circle on the left of the triangle, of knights and on the right templar ; at the 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



121 



bottom NO. on the left, and i on the right of the foot of the cross. Reverse, 
Plain. Bronze. Size 28. Attached by a loop and rings to a clasp engraved 
with member's name. 

CCCIX. Cruciform. Obverse, A cross patee, with the lower arm 
extended and passing through a diadem : a floral ornament on the end of each 
arm. A small cross patee, bearing i5 is fastened to the intersection of the 
arms, above which is a semi-circular tablet with apollo commandery, and 
below, another with troy n. y. both surrounded by rays : on the long arm, 
below the diadem, the square and compasses. Reverse, Plain. Bronze. 
Length, 28 ; width, 19. 

CCCX. Cruciform. Obverse, A cross patee, the upright arms slightly 
longer than the transverse. Over the upper arm is a scroll, the ends of which 
are turned back and appear behind the side arms ; above it is a helmet. On 
the scroll Columbian ; on the left arm commandery ; on the right arm knights 
TEMPLAR. A cross of Calvary of the same length, on which is a vesica piscis 
with a small figure of Columbia standing, is attached to the cross patee ; the 
top separates n? from i . on the upper arm, and the foot, n. from y. on the 
lower arm, below which is a floral ornament. Reverse, Plain. Bronze. 
Length, 32 ; breadth, i5. This is a member's jewel, composed of two distinct 
medals, struck separately and then fastened together. 

CCCXL Cruciform. Obverse, A Maltese cross, the lower arm extended, 
and the points filled with a floral ornament : upon the centre the Paschal lamb 
with banner bearing a cross and surrounded by rays, above which is a semi- 
circle with holy sepulchre and below, commandery ; on the left arm k ; on 
the right t ; on the lower arm 8 in an ellipse. Reverse, Plain. Bronze. 
Length, 26 ; width, 19. A member's jewel of the Commandery named. 

CCCXn. Cruciform. Obverse, A cross patee, the spaces between the 
arms nearly filled with rays. On the upper arm a cock ; on the left arm a 
skull and cross-bones ; on the right a small cross and crown, and on the lower 
arm n"? i 3. Upon the centre of the cross is placed a small cross patee gules, 
(? sable) on which is a rose, and over it in a semicircular tablet, Lancaster 
and below it commandery. A small shield with cross of Calvary incused 



122 MASONIC MEDALS. 

hangs from the lower arm. The Medal is attached by a ring to a bar on 
which is a shield with l c in a cypher. Reverse,' Plain. Bronze. Size 20. 

CCCXIII. Cruciform. Obverse, A cross patee, the border, raised, sur- 
rounding a roughened field. On the centre of the cross the nine-pointed star 
of the Order, containing a cross of Calvary in red enamel in the centre, 
surrounded by twelve dots, and a circle on which the legend in hoc signo 
viNCES. On the arms of the cross, at top Manhattan ; at the bottom com- 
MANDERY ; on the left no. 31 K. t. and on the right new york all curving. 
Reverse, Plain. Brass, gilt. Size 20 across the arms. A loop attached at 
the top for a ribbon. 

CCCXIV. Cruciform. Obverse, A cross patee similar to above ; on 
the intersection of the arms a monogram of the letters i. h. s. surrounded 
with a glory of rays forming a star of nine points, which fills the space between 
the arms. A scroll with morton in incused letters on the upper arm, the ends 
of which fall below the side arms and have on the right n? 4 and on the left 
K. T. also incused. On the lower arm a Norman shield with incused cross 
patee, and the letters i n r i Reverse, Plain. Bronze. Length, 28 ; 
breadth, 17. 

CCCXV. Cruciform. A Maltese cross, on the centre of which is a 
banner, suspended to a staff surmounted by a patriarchal cross. On the left 
arm of the cross is north ; on the right western in straight lines ; on the 
upper arm, commandery no 25 in two lines, the first curving : on the lower 
MEADViLLE PENN^ in two Hues, the first curving upward, the staff of the banner 
passing between the letters. On the banner is a radiant crown pierced by a 
cross and surrounded by the legend in four lines, on ribbons, all curving; 
above, be thou faithful unto death ; on the left, and i will ; below, 
GIVE THEE A CROWN, and ou the right, of life. On the lower part of the 
banner, k. t. Reverse, Plain, or engraved with name. Suspended by rings 
at the upper corners to a ribbon and clasp. Type metal (?) gilt. Size at the 
widest point, 36. 

CCCXVI. Cruciform. Obverse, On a cross bottonny, a tablet in the 
form of an ellipse, 16 by 12, having a centre gilt, in which is a combat between 




PLATE XL 



MASONIC MEDALS. 123 

two mounted knights. Legend, above, -{-Palestine commandery n? 18 -f- 
and below, new york Between the arms of the cross are rays conforming to 
the tablet. Reverse, Plain. Bronze and silver plated. Length, 32 ; width, 24. 

CCCXVIL Cruciform. Obverse, A cross with legend and devices 
similar to CCCXVI, but the terminations of the arms vary. ' The rays, and 
tablet which, is not gilt, are smaller, and the small crosses in the legend are 
patee, not humetee. There is an incused ornament on each arm. Reverse, 
Plain. Bronze. Length, 28 ; width, 20.'*° 

CCCXVI n. Obverse, The nine-pointed star of the Order of the Temple, 
containing a circle on which is a hermit in front of a rocky cave, on the left of 
which is a tree ; on the right is a knight in armor, to whom the hermit hands 
a loaf of bread ; near the mouth of the cave is an oval shield, bearing a cross. 
Reverse, Plain. Brass, cast (?). Size of circle, 23 : of star, between opposite 
points, 34. The star is attached to a jewel in the form of an equilateral 
triangle, the centre cut out to leave a cross and crown, and on the sides are 
the words, hermit commandery n° 24 Lebanon p*. This is a member's jewel 
of the Commandery named. 

CCCXIX. Obverse, Three pillars, connected by a chain which passes 
twice around each, crossing itself between them : on the top of the left pillar 
is an owl ; on the centre, a lion couchant, facing, and on the right a peacock 
with expanded plumage, symbolizing wisdom, strength and beauty : in the 
foreground are the compasses partly open, their points resting on the square, 
and the head upon a closed book, on the cover of which is bible : at the 
top the All-seeing eye in a radiant triangle, one point over the centre pillar. 
Reverse, An equilateral triangle, in which 5847 i. j. d. w. l. z. g. feier 
5oj. juBiLAUMS D. TRINITY □ n! 12 in five lines. [Im Jahre des Wahren 
Lichtes 6847, zum Gross Feier (des) 5o Jahrigen Jubilaums der Trinity Loge, 
No. 12. i. e. In the year of true light, 5847, Grand festival of the 5oth anniver- 

180 The above cruciform badges are members' jewels mentioned in this and other lists, and as they are all, with 

of different Commanderies : their claim to be numbered a single exception, struck from dies, I have decided, after 

among Masonic Medals rests upon the fact that they were consulting with other collectors, to include them. Engrav- 

struck from dies. I have had some doubt whether they ings of some of them will be found in the Proceedmgs of 

should properly be described here, from their shape, but as the Grand Commandery of New York for 1877 and 1878. 
•others of a similar form and character have already been 



124 MASONIC MEDALS. 

sary of the Trinity Lodge, No. 12.] A loop and ring at the top. Silver. 
Size 24. This Medal was struck in honor of the semi-centennial of Trinity 
Lodge, No. 12, of New York, (working in the German language,) for its 
members, and is very scarce. 

CCCXX. Obverse, The signet of the " Order of the Eastern Star," 
which is a five-pointed star, two of its points near the top, two at the sides, 
and one at the bottom of the Medal. On the upper right hand point a sword 
and veil ; on the next below it a sheaf of wheat ; on that at the bottom a 
crown, through which passes a sceptre ; on the next point to the left a broken 
column entwined with a wreath ; and on the last point a cup and two right 
hands joined. These are emblems respectively of " Ada " ( Jephtha's daughter,) 
Ruth, Esther, Martha, (referring to her brother Lazarus,) and " Electa," the 
" Elect lady " of St. John's Epistle. The angles of the star touch the sides of 
a pentagon on its centre, which has the letters fatal at the point of meet- 
ing, and which are said to signify " Fairest among ten thousand and altogether 
lovely." They have besides other meanings referring to traits in the charac- 
ters alluded to by the devices. The pentagon is divided into five triangles, in 
which are severally an open Bible, a bunch of Hhes, a sun, a lamb, and a lion, 
emblems appropriated to the same characters as those on the points ; they 
also are emblems of the Saviour, and the star is further said to allude to the 
" Star in the East." Legend, at the top, order of eastern star. 'Reverse, 
Plain. Silver. Size 16. The planchet has a loop at the top, for a ring.'^' 

CCCXXL Obverse, A shield per saltire : dexter, azure, a sword, its 
blade enveloped in a veil ; chief, gules, a chalice above two right hands joined; 
sinister, argent, an Eastern crown, pierced with a sceptre; base, vert, a broken 
column entwined with a wreath. On an escutcheon of pretence, or, a garb. 
The color of the charges is proper or not indicated. Crest, A dexter hand 

181 For further explanations of tlie significance of the sonry," (!) and allied to it as the Continental Lodges of 

emblems on this Medal, the reader is referred to the "Adoptive" Masonry in the last century, or what is now 

" Manual of the Eastern Star," where an engraving of the called " Magonnerie Blanche," in France. It is probably 

signet will be found, and also one enlarged, of the obverse unnecessary to state that this " Order " is of very recent 

of the next number [CCCXXI]. See Macoy's "Manual origin, and has been discountenanced or prohibited by 

of the Order of the Eastern Star, &c.," p. 67. These many Masonic authorities; but in some jurisdictions, espe- 

Medals are jewels of an Order claiming to be "among cially at the West, it is practiced on sufferance, and its 

the brightest jev/els which spangle the records of Ma- Medals are therefore included in this list. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 125 

couped at the wrist, grasping ears of wheat, fesswise. Motto, on a ribbon 
argent, virtus omnia nobilitat. [Virtue ennobles all things.] On the left of 
the shield E. and on the right s. (for Eastern Star.) Reverse, A globe marked 
with lines of latitude and longitude ; on it is a blank tablet to be inscribed 
with a name, over which is an olive wreath tied with a ribbon at bottom. 
Legend, fine art exposition, galesburg, ill. At bottom, 1873. Silver, 
copper and tin. Size 19. The heraldry of this Medal is execrable.'*' 

CCCXXII. Cruciform. Obverse, A floriated cross, the lower bar 
longer than the others ; behind the intersection of the arms is a cross patee, 
and in front a banner, per fess, sable and argent (in enamel) ; on the staff is 
a patriarchal cross ; a circle surrounds the cross patee, passing over the 
upright bar, and under the transverse bar ; on the upper half is central city 
and on the lower half, Syracuse n. y. ; on the upper arm of the cross, above the 
circle, a crown ; on the left arm of the cross, knights and on the right, templar ; 
on the lower arm, a small shield, on which 2 5. Reverse, Plain. Gold plated, 
and bronze. Length, 30 ; width, 22. This is a member's jewel of the Com- 
mandery named.'*^ 

CCCXXIIL Cruciform. Obverse, A cross patee, with the lower bar 
extended. On the intersection of the arms is a triangle with the letters i h s 
and surrounded by rays, extending nearly to the ends of the shorter arms ; 
above the triangle is a scroll, having the word peninsular ; its ends are bent 
down behind the side arms, which have the word commandery, half the letters 
on each ; on the lower bar a small shield with a cross patee incused, on which 
I N R I one letter on each arm, and below it n? 8 k. t. in two lines. Re- 
verse, Plain. Length, 30; width, 22. Gilt and bronze. This is a member's 
jewel of the Commandery named, at Kalamazoo, Michigan, and is worn 
attached to an ornamental bar. 

CCCXXIV. Cruciform. Obverse, A cross patee surmounting a cross 
bottonny, the lower arm of the latter lengthened, and bearing a small cross of 
Calvary. On the upper arm of the former is a small Maltese cross : on the 

182 The dies are still in existence, at Galesburg, Illinois, colored enamel around the letters. This and Nos. CCCIX, 
The Medals were struck in New York. and CCCXXIV, are printed in colors, in the Proceedings 

183 This Medal, after striking, is usually filled with of the Grand Commandery of New York for 1877. 



126 MASONIC MEDALS. 

intersection of the arms a radiant circle, on which is a horse carrying two 
knio-hts, and the legend st omer's above, and elmira n. y. below, curving to 
conform to the edge of the circle. On the left arm no. on the right, 19. and 
on the lower K. t. Reverse, Plain. Gold plated and bronze.. Length, 28 ; 
width, 20. Suspended by a loop at the top to a bar. Like the preceding, 
this is also a member's jewel. 

CCCXXV. Obverse, The square and compasses, interlaced with which 
is the letter G. Reverse, The Lord's Prayer (the shorter form) incused 
in fifteen lines, the first curving. Edge milled. Gold, silver afid^^bronze. 
Size 9. This Medalet is also struck on a cruciform planchet, and both the 
round and cruciform shapes are found with reverse plain, or engraved with 
various devices, Masonic emblems, &c. It was struck in the Centennial 
Buildings, Philadelphia, 1878. The reverse, it is said, contains the Lord's 
Prayer in the smallest space ever known to have been struck in metal. 

CCCXXVL Obverse, Bust of Washington to right. Reverse, A key- 
stone, on the face of which are a square and compasses, within which is the 
radiant All-seeing eye ; on the right is a gavel, on the left a trowel, and at the 
bottom a slipper. Edge milled. Gold, silver, aluminium, brass, bronze and 
copper. These tiny Medalets were struck in Philadelphia, 1878, for Mr. S. K. 
Harzfeld. Size $. 

Merzdorf describes four other Medals under America, as follows : — 
one of New York, 1829, an engraved Medal, presented by the Supreme 
Council to the Grand Orient of France : two of the " Loge L'Union Fran- 
9aise, No. 17," also of New York, the first of which was a testimonial to Bro. 
Jean Pierre Marcellin Henry ; '** the other of the same Lodge, was presented 
to Chs. Ferd. Bauer for his services to the Lodge.'^^ Pythagoras Lodge of 

184 Presented to Bro. Henry for noble and courageous YORK. Reverse, Inscription in eleven lines, AU !'.•. C.'. 
conduct, while captain of the brig Georgette, in saving the F. •. Chs. Ferd. Bauer En recompense de ses bons services 
ship Alexander, dismasted at sea, towing her upwards of envers la R.-. Ln, et comme temoignage d' amitie et de 
two thousand miles, to Rochelle, France, their place of reconnaisance de la part de ses FF.-. 2me J.-. 3me M.-. 
common destination. This Medal was voted June 25, M.-. I'an de la V.-. Lum.'. 5843. [To our very dear Bro. 
184.1, and subsequently presented to him. It was of gold. C. F. Bauer, in return for his valued services in behalf of 
—American Freemason, July JS, 'Sjd. the Worshipful Lodge, and as a pledge of friendship and 

185 Obverse, A star, containing a triangle on which is appreciation on the part of his brethren, the 2d day of the 
the letter G. Legend, union franqaise or.-, de new 3d Masonic month (May) in the year of true light, 5843.] 



MASONIC MEDALS. 127 

Brooklyn, has an electrotype of this Medal, and Merzdorf also had one. As 
these three are all engraved Medals, I do not include them in my list. The 
fourth is not Masonic.'^* 

CCCXXVII. Obverse, Two pillars, surmounted by globes ; between 
them the Bible, square and compasses on three steps, at the foot of which is a 
twenty-four inch gauge and a gavel ; on the left of the pillars a plumb, and on 
the right a level. Over the Bible, the sun, its face half concealed, with its 
rays filling the field : over the sun is the moon, and above that the All-seeing 
eye. At the top a love-knot, forming a loop, by which the Medal is worn 
suspended. A wreath of lily work on the sides, and a scroll for a name to be 
engraved at the bottom. The sun and rays and the square and compasses are 
gilt. Reverse, Plain. In the form of an ellipse. Silver. Size 40 by 30. 
This is a member's jewel of some Lodge ; I have not been able to determine 
whether American or English, but probably the latter. 

CCCXXVIII. Obverse, On a mosaic pavement, a Freemason with 
apron, and sash to which is attached a triangular level, holding in his right hand 
a scroll on which is an architect's design, stands between two Ionic pillars ; 
over that on the right is the radiant sun, over the other the moon and six 
stars : above him the radiant All-seeing eye. Legend, on a border slightly 
raised above the field, lodge sT clair Edinburgh n° 349 o instituted 1847. 
At the top a floriated ornament and loop, by which it is attached to a bar 
and scarlet ribbon. Reverse, Plain, or engraved with member's name. This 
is a member's jewel of a Scottish Lodge named in honor of one of the early 
Scottish Grand Masters. Gilt. Size 24."^' 

CCCXXIX. Obverse, A pillar, on the right of which stands a winged 
female : in her left hand a trumpet and an architect's plan on which is the 
outline of a building ; with her right she writes upon the column, over which 
is a radiant triangle : in the distance on the left, is a building, nearly completed, 
surrounded by a staging. In exergue, mdcclxxx. Reverse, The legend, 

186 It is a Medal having obv. Two clasped hands, tween two crossed keys on one side and two crossed 

under the legend, GRAND ALFRED improved, below swords on the other, under which a crown, square, &c. 

which is the inscription in seven lines, founded by 187 My descriptions of this and the preceding are from 

BROTHER SANSUM AUGUST STH 1818 47 LODGES 20,ooo Medals in Mr. (ieorge H. Farrier's collection, Brooklyn, 

MEMBERS ORDER OF OLD FRIENDS. Rev. A cross be- N. Y. 



128 MASONIC MEDALS. 

GRAND LODGE OF FREEMASONS IN ENGLAND « surrounding the inscription TO I 
[blank '^^ for name] | in grateful | testimony | of a liberal | subscription] 
TOWARDS I COMPLEATING | THEIR HALL, in nine lines. White metal. Size 30. 

CCCXXX. Obverse, The square and compasses surrounded by a circle 
of dots, outside of which is the legend herculano afre • * • Reverse, Bust 
of Liberty to left, wearing a coronet of feathers ; on the band of the coronet, 
libertad. C^per. Size 13.'^^ 

CCCXXXI. Obverse, A five-pointed star, on the centre of which is a 
circular tablet, with v.-. l.-. 5634 in two lines. The field is surrounded by a 
circle outside of which the legend above, estrella de occidente n° i5 or.-. 
c.-. a.-, and below » quezaltenango « [Star of the West, No. i5, Orient of 
Central America,"'" &c.] Reverse, Plain, for engraving. Tin, silver-plated'. 
Size 22 nearly. 

CCCXXXII. Obverse, Bust to right of the Viscount of Rio Branco : 
near it on the right the square and compasses, adorned with olive branches, 
and having in the centre a star ; on the left a trowel, gavel, plumb, and rule, 
grouped together, and entwined with olive branches : below the arm ernesto 
F. Legend, above, o. gr.*. or.-, do brasil ao val.-. do lavradio [Grand 
Orient of Brazil, Valley (?) of Lavradio} and below, ao seu gr.'. m.-. visconde 
DO RIO BRANCO [To their Grand Master, the Viscount of Rio Branco.] 
Reverse, On the right, a female figure, seated, holding in her left hand which 
drops by her side a cornucopia, and in her right, extended, a scroll, on which 
is 1871 ; negro and Indian families surround her: in the back ground 
on the left is a volcano. Legend, above, ♦ presidente do conselho de 
MiNisTROs o visconde DO Rio BRANCO * [The Viscount of Rio Branco, 
President of the Council of Ministers] and below, lei n° 2040 de 28 de 
setembro de 1871 [Law No. 2040 passed 28th of September, 1871.] At the 
bottom, small, garneiro. f. Silver. Size 45. This Medal was struck by the 
Masons of the Grand Orient of Brazil on the occasion of the abolition of 

188 The Medal in the collection of Pythagoras Lodge, York, as I am informed, for a Lodge in Cuba, but I have 
Brooklyn, N. Y., has the name of Hiig/i Dixon, Esq. not been able to ascertain with certainty this location, 
engraved upon it. One catalogued in a New York com igo Quezaltenango is a city of Central America, a little 
sale some years ago, had that of Stephen Luskington, Esq. over a hundred miles from Guatemala. The dies were 

189 The dies were cut and the Medals struck in New cut and the Medal struck in New York. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 129 

slavery in that country, and presented to their Grand Master, the Viscount 
of Rio Branco, who was President of the Imperial Council at the time. The 
obverse die was cut by Ernesto, and the reverse by Garneiro.'^' 

CCCXXXIII. Obverse, A radiant triangle, in which are two clasped 
hands below a cubic stone, the rays filling the field : behind the triangle is a 
caduceus, the cap, wings and serpents' heads appearing above the apex, and 
a part of the rod, and the serpents' tails below. Legend, benef* on left of 
triangle, or.', de on right, and Madrid below, the lower part of the caduceus 
dividing it between a and d. [Beneficencia, (the name of the Lodge,) Orient 
of Madrid.] Reverse, A square, its angle pointing upwards, below which is 
a horn of plenty, on which are the extended compasses : on the left are six 
stars, and on the right, seven. A loop at the top.'''' Silver. Size 22. 

CCCXXXIV. Obverse, In a wreath of laurel, a laureated bust of 
Napoleon, to right, under which an. 58 ii. Legend, memb.-. de la r.'. □ de 
NAPOLEON LE GRAND A l'or.', de MADRID.". [Member of the Worshipful 
{Respectable) Lodge of Napoleon the Great, &c.] a beaded border surrounds 
the field. Reverse, On a mosaic pavement is an altar surmounted by two 
burning hearts ; on the front of the altar is an oblong panel : above, are two 
clasped hands extending from clouds : on the left of the altar are the square 
and compasses, and on the right a gavel and rule, crossed : above the hands 
is a five-pointed star, with the letter G, on the right of which the radiant sun, 
and on the left the crescent moon surrounded by rays and five stars. Legend, 
l' UNION FAIT LA FORCE. [Union makes strength.] Silver. Size 26. This 
is a member's Medal of the Lodge named.''' 

t/^CCXXXV. Obverse, Mercury to the left, holding the caduceus in his 
left hand, and scales in his right. Legend, above, R.-. p.-. o mercure et 
THEMIS and below, • o.-. r.-. de paris » \Respectable Parfaite, i. e. Worshipful 
Perfect Lodge of Mercury and Themis, Orient of Paris.] Reverse, A temple 
with five steps and an altar ; over the altar are the extended compasses. In 

191 1 am indebted to Mr. G. F. Ulex, of Hamburg, for 193 This is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, plate 

the description of this interesting Medal. 52, figure 10. Merzdorf in his description, p. 120, inserts 

192 This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis. Napoleon, the words, A l'or after □ as well as after grand, which 

plate 37, fig. 5, from which it appears to have been struck is an error. In his Index he attributes this Medal to the 

at Madrid, 1809. same Lodge (Beneficencia) as the preceding. 



130 MASONIC MEDALS. 

exergde, a small rosette. Legend, » recompense au zele « Sihje^and 
brafize.''* Size 17. 

CCCXXXVI. Obverse, A temple surrounded by rays, its front supported 
by four pillars : in the pediment a radiant five-pointed star. Between the 
centre pillars a radiant delta ; between those on the left, j, and those on the 
right, B. Below, very small, feuvrier f. Legend, above, amis de l'ordre 
0.'. DE PARIS. In exergue, 5823 Reverse, A closed wreath of acacia and 
olive, tied at the bottom by a ribbon, enclosing the letters l d a in a script 
monogram.''^ Bronze, octagonal. Size 19. 

iKuCCXXXVIL Obverse, A temple, approached by three steps, sup- 
ported by four columns, and having its door closed ; on the pediment is a 
radiant triangle. Legend, above, m creee 58 16 [Lodge '«* erected 18 16.] 
In exergue, o.\ de paris. Reverse, The square and compasses, in which is 
the letter G upon a radiant five-pointed star, the rays nearly filling the field ; 
above the star are two right hands joined : below are two olive branches 
crossed. Legend, above, union, tolerance, humanite, and below, medaille 
CREEE LAN 5837 [Medal struck 1837.] Brop^ Size 18. 

•^CCCXXXVIII. Obverse, Within the square and compasses, (the joint 
of the latter is a radiant sun,) is a gavel suspended over two right hands 
joined : behind the square are sprigs of acacia. Legend, above, amitie and 
below, BiENFAiSANCE [Friendship, benevolence.] Reverse, Inscription me- 
daille d'assiduite 5785 in three lines, surrounded by a circle outside of 
which the legend l.-. ch.-. de s'!' antoine du parfaite contentement « 
[Chapitral Lodge of St. Antoine, &c.]''' This is a nine-sided jeton, struck in 
br^ and tin. Size 18 from side to opposite angle. 

CCCXXXIX. Obverse, A wreath of oak and palm branches, in which 
is the inscription, i^." aout 1822 (Aug. i. 1822.) Legend, above, l.\ d'emeth 

194 In the Pythagoras Collection. This was unknown it, is in the Pythagoras Collection, and assigned to the 
to Merzdorf. I have not ascertained its dale. " Loge des Philonomes" of Paris. Merzdorf, (No. 97, 

195 This Medal, which is not mentioned by Merzdorf, I p. 75,) says that a small jeton of the Lodge named, which 
describe from the Pythagoras Collection. The name of he says was founded in 1815, is mentioned without any 
the Lodge may have a double meaning— Friends of Order, description, in " Le Glolie, Archives des Initiations, &c., 
or Friends of the (Masonic) Order. The Lodge, while on Paris, 1839-42," for the year 1841, p. 390. The Medal 
the roll of the Grand Orient for 1876, is dormant. itself he had not seen. This is probably the one alluded to. 

196 I'his Medal, which has no name of a Lodge upon 197 See LV. Mr. Poillon has a cast in tin. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 131 

RIT ECOSSAis ANC.-. ET ACCEPTE [Lodge of Emeth,"'^ (working under) the An- 
cient and Accepted Scottish Rite] and below, o.-. de Paris. Reverse, The 
square and compasses, in which is a triangle bearing the tetragramnnaton, 
surrounded by rays, forming a nine-pointed star. Legend, nous serons 
eclaires puisque nous voulons l'etre [We shall be enlightened, because 
we wish to be.J Silver. Size 17 nearly. This is mentioned by Merzdorf, 
but not described. fiiMXx,Z' -wvm-j/C. 

CCCXL. Obverse, On the right is a beehive surrounded by swarming 
bees, near which at the left are the open compasses, and on the right the 
square. Legend, l.". de l'union g.-. de Paris [Lodge of Union, &c.] In 
exergue, in two lines, union travail egalite | 6769. [Union, labor, equal- 
ity.'''] Reverse, A sheaf of wheat behind a vase filled with hearts. In 
exergue, 6823. Silver. Size 17 nearly. 

V^CCCXLI. Obverse, Within a circle formed by a serpent devouring its 
tail is a cross patee^ gules; surmounted by a smaller, cross, bottpnny argent, the 
latter very narrow, and the terminations small. Legend, □ des disciples ec. 
DU HEROS de l'humanite [Scottish Lodge of Disciples, &c.] Below, filling 
out the circle, (o.*. de paris 5824) Reverse, Two Corinthian pillars on a 
platform, that on the left with b, the other with j on its shaft, between which 
are the square and compasses adorned with laurel. At the top of the com- 
passes an open book, on which is a sword, its handle to right, and lying on 
the book and sword is a hand : above is a radiant star, on which is the letter 
G. Below the platform are two right hands joined, small. Legend, la 
bienfaisance les unit touts. [Benevolence unites them all.] Silver.''"" Size 19. 

/UCCXLII. Obverse, A twisted cable-tow, showing bunches at intervals, 
surrounds the inscription in two lines orbem tenet [It holds the world.] 
Legend, point parfait c. de paris, and at the bottom 5760. [Lodge of 

igSEmeth is a Hebrew word used in the A. and A. and I am confirmed in this opinion by the date in exergue 

rite, as worked in France, and signifies Truth. The date of reverse. My description is from the Medal in the 

of foundation is given by Merzdorf as the I2th July, Pythagoras Collection, 
which he seems to fix by citation from their records. 200 'i'his Medal is mentioned but not described by Merz- 

iggl lake the date to be that of the formation of the, dorf, who knew it only from a reference which he had met 

Lodge, and if so, the Medal alluded to by Merzdorf, under with. It is in the Pythagoras Collection. The device of 

France, 28, is the same as this, which is 115 in his list, obverse is very similar to that of LIII. 



132 MASONIC MEDALS. 

the Perfect Point,'" Paris.] Reverse, A ring formed by a serpent devouring 
its tail, enclosing a radiant triangle with the tetragrammaton, oj^r thick clouds. 
Legend, lvx * ex * tenebris • [Light out of darkness.] ^H^er. Size 14. 

♦^CCCXLIIL Obverse, Within a circle formed by a snake devouring its 
tail is a cross, on which is a rose ; on the upper bar a. scroll, with i n r i ; on 
each side of the long bar, a sword, the point towards the lower angle of the 
cross. Legend, Above, union * zele * regularite and below, * o.-. de- 
PARIS • Reverse, An altar, burning, having a level on the front ; an easel, 
pallet, &c., beside it on the left ; a guitar, trumpet, books, &c., on the right ; 
and the gavel, square and compasses at its foot in front. Legend, loge 
CHAPiTRALE DES ARTS ET DE l'amitie * [Chapitral Lodge'"'' of Arts and 
Friendship.] In exergue, 58 19 • coquardon * ch.". k.\ s.*. Bronze, gilt. 
Size 23. 

<^CCXLIV. A triangle, its apex a right angle, surrounded by rays, and 
containing the extended compasses with the points touching the ends of a 
square, between which the word amis. Reverse, Liberty to the left seated 
on a cubic stone having its side adorned with a triangular level ; in her right 
hand extended she holds an olive branch, in her left is a lance with the 
Phrygian cap on its point ; she is leaning with her left arm on an altar or 
pillar, having the fasces on its front and a horn of plenty on the left. Legend, 
LiBERTE paix egalite. [Liberty, Peace, Equality.] In exergue, 5793. Size 
17. This Medal, though having no place of mintage, was probably struck for 
a Lodge in Paris. '"^ 

^ CCCXLV. Obverse, In a circle two right hands joined. Legend, loge 
DU PARFAIT ACCORD * [Lodge of Perfect Accord.] Reverse, In a circle, a 
level crowned with a crescent. Legend, orient de ville franche rhone. 
This Medal I know only from the description as given by Merzdorf. He 

201 This Medal, which was unknown to Merzdorf, I Chapter of Rose Croix, as appears from the device on 
describe from a beautiful cast in tlie Pythagoras Collec- the obverse, as well as from the name Chapitral. The 
tion. It was issued by the same Lodge which struck abbreviations in exergue of revei-se I take to be for Chev- 
CLXIV in this list, the reverse of which was also used as alier JCadosh, or Knight of Kadosh. 

the reverse of CCXXXVI ; it seems probable, therefore, 203 Engraved in Tresor Num., Rev. plate 47, figure 9. 
that this is a later medal of the Lodge " Point Parfait." The obverse very much resembles the obverse of LVI in 

202 This Lodge worked the grades conferred in a this list. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 133 

says''"* that Zacharias had an impression of it in one of the base metals, but 
does not mention the size. His own collection also contains an impression. 

CCCXLVI. Obverse, The front of the Masonic temple at Havre,— a 
three-story building, in the pediment of which is a triangle supported by an 
angel on either side. Legend, inauguration du temple unique de la 
MAgON.-. HAVRAiSE.*- [Inauguration of the Temple, &c. ] Reverse, A trian- 
gular level, surrounded by the legend above, □ amenite. 3 h.-. . and below, 
299^1=1862 : in a curving Hne, concentric with the outer circle, on the left 
ven.-. dally, and on the right, v.-. roubeau. which I take to be the names of 
the Masters, the first of L' Amenite and the second of the Three H's =°s when 
this was struck. Bronze. Size 22. 

CCCXLVII. Obverse, A radiant triangle, bearing the Hebrew tetra- 
grammaton. Legend, vera voluptas in labore [True pleasure in labor.] 
Reverse, Three hearts surrounded by acacia sprigs. Legend, orient de 
melun. 5825. This was an octagonal jeton, struck by the Lodge " des 
Coeurs Unis " of Melun. "°^ 

CCCXLVin. Obverse, An altar; on its top a burning heart, and on its 
front, a level suspended by a ribbon : two branches of acacia crossed at bottom, 
enclose the altar. Legend, above, loge de la sincerite and at the bottom 
5804. Reverse, The square and compasses, behind which is the radiant sun, 
surrounded by a circle of twelve small stars ; at the bottom two sprays of 
myrtle, crossed. Legend, above, orient de rheims. Silver.^"' Size 17. 

CCCXLIX. Obverse, Three hands extending from clouds, clasping each 
other. Legend, triple union. In exergue, 58 12. Reverse, As reverse of 
CCCXLVIII. Silver. Size i5 nearly. Struck by the Loge Triple Union.''°^ 

Merzdorf mentions a Medal of Rheims, — Obverse, societe bienfaisant and 
Reverse, charite, concerning which he says : " The Lodge Triple Union, of Rheims, 
had given a sum of money to the administrative department of the Commissariat of the 

204 See Merzdorf, France No. 147, p. 87, and p. xxii. 206 This description I take from Merzdorf, p. 53, No. 

205 The abbreviation in the legend 3H refers to the 17. I have not seen the Medal. 

Lodge of the Three H's, which are the initials of Har- 207 This Medal, which was unknown to Merzdorf, I 

mony, Honor, Humanity, (see CXII and CXXIII.) Two describe from one in my own collection. 

Medals of the Lodge "L' Amenite" have also been de- 208 This is engraved in Tresor Numism. Napoleon, 

scribed, (see LV and CCCXXXVIII.) The date 9BRE plate 56, fig. ^. 

is of course November. 



,34 MASONIC MEDALS. 

General Hospital in -Rheims, for such children there as were in most need of help, and 
to aid in teaching them, in art and in handicraft. The Commissariat accepted the 
money, and caused the Medal mentioned above to be struck." Merzdorf gives the date 
as 1776 ; Thory, as 1779. Two other authorities named by Merzdorf, one of which was 
issued in December, 1777, say it was struck by the Lodge Sincerite ; as the latter 
Lodge appears to have first struck a Medal, I incline to think it the more probable 
originator, and Merzdorf 's date, 1776, as correct. 

CCCL. Obverse, In a triangle and surrounded by rays which fill the 
field, two clasped hands ; behind them is a sheaf of wheat/°9 Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in six lines, bestandigkeit | und | eintracht | im.-. orient | zu | aach- 
EN [Constancy and Harmony, Orient of Aachen,] in six lines, surrounded by 
a border. Silver. Size 20. Rare. This is not strictly a Medal, but the 
obverse and reverse are shells, fastened together, and forming the centre of 
the members' jewel of the Lodge of Constancy and Harmony, which is a 
cross patee.^'° It is catalogued by Merzdorf, and is found in the Rostock 
and some other collections. Merzdorf says it was used only for a single year. 

CCCLI. Obverse, Archimedes to right, seated on a cubic stone, holds a 
trestle board, on which he describes a circle with the compasses ; at his feet 
on the right are two trestle boards on which are mathematical diagrams, allud- 
ing to properties of the circle, the spiral, cone, &c., and near them a square 
and protractor; near the edge loos in small letters ; rays from the rising sun 
illuminate the field at the right : on the left is the fallen capital of a pillar. 
Legend, above, noli turbare circulos [Do not willingly disturb the 
circles.] In exergue, in three lines, loge archimedes | zu den drey | reiss- 
bretern. [The Lodge Archimedes of the Three Trestle Boards.] Reverse, 
The Lodge building, a long edifice of one story with high roof, three windows 
on each side of a central porch, which is supported by four Doric pillars ; 
in the pediment is a minute representation of the obverse, Archimedes, &c. 
In the foreground on the right, Minerva leads towards the central door a 
youth who has a chart in his left hand. In exergue, in three lines, geg- 

209 Called by Merzdorf the fasces, but llie top spreads straight. I have this, and the cross is of brass, formerly 
too much for that, I think. painted or enamelled black, with a silver trefoil and ring 

210 The sides of the arms are curved inwards, not at the top. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 135 

RUNDET I DEN 12 AUGUST | 1 8o2 [Founded =" Aug. 12, 1802.] Silver and 
bronze gilt. Size 24. Very rare in perfect condition, as both dies cracked, 
that of the obverse apparently early, showing first over the e in Loge on 
obverse, and afterwards in several other places in exergue. (Fig. 42.) 

CCCLII. Obverse, A triangular square, surrounded by three seven- 
pointed stars, one at each angle, the sun between the two on the left, and the 
moon on the right : a mason's square erect on the lower bar of the triangular 
square, on the left of which the open compasses, one point on a perfect ashlar 
on the left, the other on a rough ashlar on the right, between which is a gavel. 
Legend above, aimer et se taire. [To love and to be silent.] Reverse, 
Inscription in nine lines, louR | de naissance | du ser. gr. maitre | Alex- 
andre I MARG. de brand. | CELEBRE DES | FRANCS MAJONS | A ANSPAC | CE. 

24. FEVR I 1759 [Birthday of the Serene Grand Master Alexander, Margrave 
of Brandenburg, celebrated by the Freemasons at Anspach, February 24, 
1759.] Silver."^ Size 20. Rare. 

CCCLIII. Obverse, A Worshipful Master, clothed with apron and 
jewel, and wearing a chapeau, places a lady's glove upon a circular altar, 
which is entwined with a garland : on the right side are three steps. Legend, 
DiGNissiMAE. [To a most worthy lady.J Reverse, The rays of the sun 
appear above a tablet, bearing the inscription in six lines, nvptiis | friderici | 
ET I SOPH ■ CAROL - | soc . M • LIB . AD F c . | BARVTHi. [The Society of 
Freemasons of the Sun at Baireuth caused this to be made (fieri curavit) in 
honor of the nuptials of Frederic and Sophia Caroline.] ^'^ -phe tablet rests on 
a triangle in which are 20 9 5759 in three lines, separated by faint lines, and 

211 In March, 1804, this Lodge, founded at Altenburg, Baireuth and Eriangen, which are described below, on 
Germany, in 1802, declared itself free and independent, which he is entitled Frederic, and in mentioning whieh 
and Findel says, (p. 460,) has always remained so. he is called by Zach. (IV. 2,) Margrave of Brandenburg- 
Merzdorf gives the date of mintage as 1804. Baireuth. 

212 This Medal was struck by the Lodge the Three 213 The Grand Lodge of Bavaria, called Zur Sonne, 
Stare, of Anspach, in honor of the 23d birth-day of or the Sun, having its Grand East at Baireuth, struck 
their Grand Master, Christian Frederick Charles Alex- this Medal in honor of the nuptials of Christian Frederic 
ander, of Brandenburg Anspach. ' (See Zacharias, Nu- Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Baireuth, 
motheca III. 3, for an engraving of the Medal and a full (the same mentioned by a different title under CCCLII,) 
account of this nobleman.) The Lodge df the Three Stars its Grand Master, with the Princess Sophia Caroline 
afterwards prefixed the name Alexander to their title, in daughter of the Grand Duke Charles of Brunswick. This 
his honor. Two other medals were struck in honor of his Medal is engraved by Zacharias, Numoth. IV. 2. 
marriage, September 20, following, by the Freemasons of 



136 MASONIC MEDALS. 

signifying 20th of the 9th month, (September, in this case,) 1759, the day 
of the wedding. Silver and bronze. Scarce. Size 26. 

CCCLIV. Obverse, Between two crowned pillars twined with garlands, 
is a pyramid, bearing the cypher of the newly married couple, Frederic and 
Sophia Caroline ; various Masonic implements are also between the pillars. 
Legend, vnsre wvnsche [Our congratulations.] Reverse, Inscription in 
twelve lines, das | verm^hlvngs | fest | ihres | dvrchl. grossmeisters | 

FRIEDRICHS | MARGGR. ZV BRAND | FEYERN | DIE FREYMAVRER | IN ERLANGEN | 

TM M. SEPT. I AG : 1759. [The Freemasons in Erlangen, celebrating the mar- 
riage feast of their illustrious Grand Master, Frederic, Margrave of Branden- 
burg, in the month of September, and year 1759.J Silver. This description 
I give from Merzdorf, who does not mention the size.' It was struck by the 
Lodge " Lebanon of the Three Cedars." 

Merzdorf describes an engraved Medal of Bautzen. Obverse, Arms of 
the Lodge of the Golden Wall, which are the same as delineated on its seal 
Reverse, An inscription in six lines, magistro sue | dilectissimo | ad. pist. 

ED. STARKIO | DE NEPOTE PRIMOGENITO | GRATULANTUR | LATOMI BUDISSINENSES. 

[The Masons of Buda (Bautzen) congratulate their most beloved Master, 
A. P. E. Starke on the birth of his first grandchild.] Edge inscription. Ex 
aureo suo muro omnem et circumspectantes et amantes felicitatem humanam. 
1845. [From their Golden Wall both regarding and rejoicing in all human 
happiness. 1845.] This is simply an engraved Medal, presented by the 
Masons of Bautzen to their Master, on the occasion named. Only a single 
Medal appears to have been prepared. It has no claim therefore to be 
included in a list of Medals, struck from dies, like this. 

CCCLV. Obverse, A bust to the left, on the arm of which in small 
letters g. laurer. Legend, wilh. frid. l. b. de gleichen rusworm. mag. 
SUP. BARUTH. [William Frederic Louis, Baron of Gleichen-Rusworm, Supreme 
Master at Baireuth.J Reverse, On a mosaic pavement a cubic stone, on 
which a sphinx is serving a female figure, seated, who holds a star in her left 
hand, and in her right a horn of plenty. Legend, secvra fratrvm felicitas 
[The happiness of the brethren is secure.] We take this description from 



MASONIC MEDALS. 137 

Merzdorf, who follows an engraving in a work entitled " Collection of Ad- 
dresses, &c., in the Lodge of the Sun, at Baireuth, 1753," which represents 
this Medal as the size of a thaler, (about 28, American scale.) He however 
regards its existence as very doubtful. 

CCCLVI. Obverse, Bust to left. Legend, friedericus Augustus 
PRiNCEPS BR : LUNEB : MAG : SUPR : CRD : MUK : IN STAT : BORUss : [Frederic 
Augustus, Prince of Brunswick and Luneburg, Grand Master of the Masonic 
Order in Prussia.] Reverse, An angel, wearing a Mason's apron, is sacrificing 
at a burning altar, near which are Masonic working tools and a broken column. 
In the background, on the left, seven steps lead to a temple. Legend, vota 
FRATRUM. [The vows of the brethren.] In exergue, lustrum introductio- 
Nis I II. NOV: I MDCCLXXVii in three Hnes. [Fifth anniversary of his initiation, 
Nov. 2, 1777.] Size, "something larger than a thaler," which would be 
about 28, American scale. Merzdorf describes this Medal from an engraving 
in a " Collection of Masonic Orations, Odes," &c. He considers its existence 
as doubtful, but assigns its origin to the National Grand Mother Lodge of the 
Three Globes.''"' 

CCCLVII. ■ Obverse, Inscription in fourteen lines, i : c : a : theden | k : 
PR : I— GEN : CHiR : | geb : d : 13 sept : 1714 | feierte sein 5o iaehrig : | 

DIENST-IUBILAEUM I IM KREISE von MAURERN I DIE IHN NIE | AUS IHRER 
MITTE I VERLIEREN WURDEN | WENN DANKBARKEIT | UND LIEBE | lilM LEBEN | 

GEBEN I KOENNTEN. [Theden, First Royal Prussian Surgeon-general, born 
Sept. 13, 17 14, celebrated his fiftieth anniversary of service, surrounded by 
Masons who will never lose him from tbeir midst, while gratitude and love 
can prolong his life.] Reverse, A pillar, around which the serpent of Escula- 
pius has entwined itself; on its top the Centaur Chiron. On a mosaic 
pavement are dispersed at its foot various Masonic implements, a square, level 
and trowel on the right ; the compasses, a globe, Bible, gavel, &c., on the 
left ; in the background on the left the rising sun, and on the right, above, the 
crescent moon in clouds. In exergue, d- 27- iulii | 1787 in two Hnes, (July 
27, 1787,) and in small letters, near the edge, abramson. Gold (one, presented 

214 See Merzdorf, Denkmunzen, &c., page4, No. 4, and Index, page 131. 



138 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



to Theden,) silver and copper. Size 24. This also Merzdorf asigns to the 
same Grand Lodge."'' 

CCCLVIII. Obverse, Bust of Zinnendorf turned to the left : around 
his neck a chain collar of square links, to which is suspended a square : on 
the arm, in small letters, c. hollenbach. Legend, Soj^ann OTilSfrlm lElltn6ergn:, 
gennant Ijon Etnnentiotf. 2\. Suniua. 1770. [John William Ellenberger, called von 
Zinnendorf.] Reverse, The interior of a Gothic church, showing nine arches, 
with an ornate window at the further end of the nave ; on each side are 
aisles, lighted by windows : the floor has a mosaic pavement : in the nave 
is an altar of three steps, upon which three gavels are lying, tied by a cable- 
tow, the loops of which fall in front of the altar. Legend, JBtr @r: 3L: 2,: b: 
ffieutaci)!: • El)re tfanfebaren 3Cocf)ter » 2\. Sunius 1820. • In exergue, b: (Seusau.b: 
CastillDit l^ramct JBliillEr | b: ^eantJtt Bectjctet | ItronftEEgt: IL: b: ?§tssen fHumstn 1 f^jg: IE: b: ©otfja 
b: BctilSnitj, | b: ScfjmtUt. in five lines. [To the Grand Land-Lodge of Germany. Its 
grateful dauo^hter. 24 June, 1820, &c.] This was struck at BerHn, 1820. 
Sib/er, copoer, and perhaps other metals. Size 36.°'* 



2l5Theden's full name was John Christian Anton May- 
ers Theden (as I learn from Zacharias and Merzdorf). The 
former has an engraving by which I fix the size, VIII, 2, 
and conform the spelling to that rather than to Merzdorf, 
except that Zacharias omits the N in Theden. He gives 
an account of the presentation of one in gold, on the 
occasion, July 27, 1787. He also gives an engraving of 
another Medal of Theden, which he includes among Ma- 
sonics, but which Merzdorf does not admit, and I think, 
properly. It was presented on the same evening. The 
description is as follows : — Obverse, Bust of Theden to 
right, under which on the left, in very small letters, f: 
LOOS Legend, lOH : chr : ant : theden erster k : 
PR : GEN : CHIRURGUS [Theden, First Surgeon General 
of the Prussian kingdom.] Reverse, Within a wreath of 
oak lied by a ribbon at the bottom the inscription in ten 
lines, DKR HERR I HAT DEN ARZT | GESCUAFFEN UND | 
KCENIGEEHREN IHN -3^- SEINEM AMTSIUBIL/ECM | GE- 
WIDMET I VON DEN K : PR : PENS : | CHtRURGEN | DEN 
27 lUL: I 1787 [God created the physician, and kings 
honor him. In commemoration of his fiftieth year of ser- 
vice, from the Royal Prussian Surgeons, July 27, 1787.] 
The dies of tlie reverse of this Me"dal show weakness in 
the wreath, and a piece is broken out on the upper left 
hand edge of most, and it is somewhat rare. Bronze. 
Size 23. Zacharias gives a full account of Theden's life 
and services. He was a zealous and active Mason, Master 
of the Lodge "Concord" in Berlin, received tlie Rose 
Croix grade, and died in 1793, aged over 80. 



216 The Swedish rite, or that modification of it intro- 
duced by Zinnendorf, " has a specifically Christian char- 
acter, especially in the so-called High degrees." An 
interesting account of it may be found in Findel's History 
of Freemasonry, p. 315. Ellenberger, afterwards called 
Zinnendorf, who was born in Halle, Aug. 10, 1731, and 
died June 6, 1782, was the founder of the "Grand Land- 
Lodge of all the Freemasons of Germany," sometimes 
called the Stuart's Lodge, a probable corruption of the 
word Steward's IjDdge in the English Grand Lodge. 
Opinions differ greatly as to his character. The Grand 
Lodge of Sweden, May 12, 1778, officially pronounced 
him an insolent impostor, while the constituent members 
of the "Land-Lodge" defended him. See Findel, p. 
305 et seq. The names in exergue are mostly, and I pre- 
sume all of them, those of its Grand Masters. I find he 
gives the order of the earlier ones in various places, as 
follows: — Martin Kronke, 1770; Prince Louis of Hesse- 
Darmstadt, 1773-4 ; Zinnendorf, Sept. 30, 1774-5 and 
1780-2; Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Gotha, 1775 to Dec. 21, 
1776; Von der Golz, 1776-7; James Mumsen, 1777-79; 
Von Geusau, probably in 1779-80 ; Castillon, 1782-89, 
and again 1799-1814 ; Beulwitz, 1789-1799 ; Neander, 
1814.1817 ; Von Schmidt, 1818; These are probably ap- 
proximately correct, but do not include all the names on 
the Medal, which it will be seen are not in chronologic 
order. Tliis was struck on the semi-centennial of the 
union of twelve Lodges, to form the Grand Lodge of all 
the Freemasons of Germany, or " Landes Loge." 




CCCLVII. Rev. 



CCCLUI. 



CCCLVII. Obv. 




PLATE XII. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 139 

,-CCCLIX. Obverse, Bust of Guionneau, turned to the right, wearing a 
collar or ribbon, to which is suspended a Maltese cross. Legend, In two 
circles, l. a. de gvionneav latomor. hi. glob. svmm. praesvl in the outer, 
and NAT. D. XI. DEC. ciD 13 ccxLix in the inner. [L. A. De Guionneau, Grand 
Master of the Masons of the Three Globes, born Dec. 11 . 1 749.J Under the 
bust, in very small letters, goetze f. Reverse, An altar adorned at its base 
with cherubim, and with rams' heads at its upper corners : between the 
cherubim 'is tracery of fine scroll work, and between the rams' heads is also 
ornamental work : on its front a circle containing the arms of the Grand 
Lodge of the Three Globes, — three globes in their frames, one over two. 
On the top of the altar is a small flame. Legend, vota amicorvm,. latomo 
L. annor. [Tribute of his friends to a Mason of fifty years.] In exergue^ 
in two lines, berol, d. vii. nov. | cid id ccc xx iiii. [Berlin, Nov. 7, 1824.]"^ 
Silver and bronze. Size 26. 

CCCLX. Bust of Ellenberger to left ; on the arm, the name g. loos, d 
Legend, iohann wilhelm ellenberger genannt von zinnendorf. ♦27 
DEC. 1776 ♦ The bust on this Medal strongly resembles CCCLVIII, but 
there are slight differences. Reverse, The interior of a Gothic church of nine 
arches ; in the background an altar, on which is a cushion and a small Tem- 
plar's' cross (patee) on its front ; a cable-tow lying on the altar unites it 
to two cubic stones, one on either side, the right of which has on its faces 
two A (levels?) and that on the left two St. Andrew's crosses.^'^ Legend, der 

HOCHSTERL. U. HOCHSTW. GR. L. ST. L. V. DEUTSCHE. IN BERLIN AM lUBELF. 

* 27. DEC. 1826. * [I take these abbreviations to signify Hochsterleuchtete 
Und Hochstwurdige Gross Landes Stuarts Loge von Deutschland, &c. To 
the most illustrious and most venerable Grand Stuarts Land Lodge of Ger- 
many on its semi-centennial festival, in Berlin, Dec. 27, 1826. J In exergue, 

v. GEUSAU V. CASTILLON KRAMER | MULLER, V. NEANDER | BECHERER PALMIER 

2l7Merzdorf has several variations in his description, 218 The cross of St. Andrew is an emblem prominent in 

which I have corrected above from the Medal in my collec- the higher grades of Zinnendorf 's system. The names in 

tion. He has Gvjonneav, (j for i) on obverse :'he also exergue are those of Past Grand Masters ; see Note 216. 

gives on reverse, Latomorum for amicorvm, fee. for f. and This would seem to have been struck for some special 

ktitioxum for Annor. I suppose these were errors, as I semi-centennial festival ; it is not for that of the founda- 

find no allusion to any variation in dies, for this Medal. tion of the" Grand Lodge. 



I40 MASONIC MEDALS. 

in three lines, a dash below the names. Silver, bronze, and perhaps other 
metals. Size 37. 

CCCLXI. Obverse, Bust turned to the right, on the edge of which 
c. PFEUFFER FEC, below which G. LOOS DiR Legend, fridericvs princeps regni 
BORVss. heres annos natvs XXVI ►$« [Frederic, Prince and heir of the king- 
dom of Prussia, aged 26.] Reverse, A sunken field, in which three female 
figures, representing Wisdom, Strength, and Beauty, surround an altar, a 
tongue of flame on their heads ; the one on the left crowned with stars, and 
wearing a jewel of a double triangle, holds a square and compasses in her 
right hand, and in her left one end of a cable-tow which passes three times 
around the cubic stone or altar ; the central figure, Minerva, wears a jewel of 
a radiant triangle and has a gavel in her left hand, and in her right she holds 
a sword, the point of which extends over the altar ; the one on the right has 
a veil thrown back on her head ; she wears a jewel of a radiant star, and 
holds a level in her right hand, and the end of the cable-tow in her left : this 
cable-tow has three " love knots " in it on the front of the altar. The altar is 
also surrounded by three pillars ; its front has f incused : on its top are a 
crossed trowel and key ; it rests upon a segment of the globe, showing a part 
of Germany, and the boundary of Brunswick, and the words brvnsvicvm 
germania in two lines, the second curving. Legend, receptvs in ordinem 
libervm latomorvm nocte die XIV AVG. A. MDCCxxxviii iNSECVTA ►J* [Re- 
ceived into the Order of Free Masons on the evening following the 14th day 
of August, 1738.] In exergue, celebrandis sollemnibvs | saecvlaribvs 
ANNO I MDCCCXxxviii in three lines. [Celebrating the centennial festival, 1838.] 
Silver and bronze. Size 28."' Rare. (Figure 43.) 

CCCLXII. Obverse, Bust of Frederic to the left, surrounded by rays. 
Legend, friedrich kronprinz von preussen above, and am xiv. aug. 

2igSee Journal of Numismatics, 1876, p. 69, where the "Grand National Mother Lodge of the Three Globes," 

this Medal appears to be described as size 26. My imipres- the " Grand Land-Lodge of Germany," and the "Grand 

sion is size 28. It was struck by the Grand Lodge of the Lodge of Prussia, called Royal York of Friendship,'' whose 

Three Globes. The figures I have said above signify Wis- arms are grouped on Reverse of CCCLXIV, struck in 1840, 

dom, Strength, and Beauty, as suggested by Merzdorf. two years later, when they all came under the protectorate 

It seenjs not improbable, as they bear no peculiar emblem of P'rederic William, on his initiation. If this supposition 

denoting the character assigned by Merzdorf, that they is correct, the figures on reverse of CCCLXIII, struck by 

rather allude to the three Prussian Masonic powers, viz :— the Grand Land-Lodge may have the same allusion. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 141 

MDCCXxxviii below. [Frederic, Crown Prince of Prussia, Aug. 14, 1738.] On 
the edge of the bust, below, brandt. f. in very small incused letters. Re- 
verse, A monumental altar, on three steps ; on its top a small flame is burning : 
at its two lower corners are eagles with expanded wings, ' from which a heavy 
wreath hangs across the lower step. On the front, in the centre, are two 
clasped hands, surrounded by a wreath of ivy, under which are the square, 
gavel and compasses. Legend, saecular feier In exergue am xiv aug. | 
MDCCcxxxviii I BERLIN in J:hree lines. [Centennial celebration on Aug. 14, 
1838.] Silvet- and bro^>^. Size 27. Scarce. Struck in honor of the cen- 
tennial of the initiation of Frederick the Great."^" 

CCCLXIII. Obverse, Bust of Palmie to the right, wearing a collar 
composed of alternate St. Andrew's and Maltese crosses nearly concealed by 
drapery ; under the bust in small letters, c. pfeuffer fec. Legend, iohann 
MICHAEL PALMIE above, and geboren zu berlin d. 4 OCTOBER 1767. below. 
[John Michael Palmie, born at Berlin, Oct. 4, 1767.] Reverse, Three female 
figures holding three keys above an open book which lies upon an altar of 
stone, before an elevated veiled figure, who is seated, facing, upon a throne, 
the back of which rises as two pillars, one on each side, and crowned with 
globes ; her left hand uplifted holds an extinguished lamp, and her right draws 
aside her veil : at her feet is a lamb. The figure on observer's left holds a 
long sword in her right hand ; and the one on the right has a palm branch in 
her left hand. A small star is over the heads of these two : the central figure 
has nothing but the key in her hands, and her head is draped. The front of 
the altar has the inscription in four lines ETQ EIMI HAN | TO TErONOZ | KAI 
ON KAI I EZOMENON. [I am all, the past, and the present, and the future.] 
Legend, ihr werdet d. wahrhett erkennen u. d. wahrh. wird euch 
FREi machen. ev. ioh. viii. 32. (And ye shall know the truth, and the truth 
shall make you free. St. John's Gospel, viii. 32.) In exergue, zur maurer 
iubelfeier des o. I meisters d. or. l.l. v. deutschl. I d. 21. IAN. 1840 in 
three lines, and in small letters below, o. loos dir. [Masonic semi-centennial 

220 There are some slight errors in Merzdorf 's descrip- instead of as I have it, which I correct by the Medal in my 
lion, and he gives the lettering on the bust, brand f. f. collection. It was struck by the G. L. of the Tliree Globes. 



142 MASONIC MEDALS. 

of the Grand Master (Ordens Meister) of the Grand Land Lodge of Germany, 
Jan. 21, 1840.] Silver and bronze. Size 33.=" Rare. (Figure 45.) . 

CCCLXIV. Obverse, Bust of Frederic William to left. Legend, frid. 
GviL. LVD. PRiNCEPS BORVssoRVM. [Frederic William Louis, Prince of the 
Prussians.] Below, in very small" letters, G. loos dir. ,h. lorenz fec. Re- 
verse, On the trunk of an oak, smoothed off for an altar top, is a cushion on 
which are lying a sword, gavel, and collar, to which is suspended a square ; 
against the trunk are leaning shields, bearing the arms of the three Grand 
Lodges of Prussia ; on the left that of the " Grand National Mother Lodge 
of the Three Globes," — three globes, one in front, two behind, all resting on 
the ground ; the lower part of the shield mason work, colors not denoted : in 
the centre that of the " Grand Land Lodge of Germany,"^^^ — an altar adorned in 
front, with the square and compasses, across it lies a cable-tow, and over it is 
the meridian sun : and on the right that of the " Grand Lodge, Royal York 
of Friendship," — azure, a pallium "^ or, between three doves close, upon olive 
branches ; on the pallium are two compasses conjoined at the heads (so that 
one point extends along each branch of the pallium). The roots of the tree 
and oak leaves appear between the shields, and on their sides. Over the altar 
a crowned eagle soars, holding a palm branch in his talons. Legend, in a 
roughened border, protector ordinis latomorvm per borvssos florentis * 
[Protector of the prosperous Masonic Order throughout Prussia.] In exergue, 
in three lines, initiatvs berolini | d. xxii maii | mdcccxl. [Initiated at Berlin, 
on the 2 2d of May, 1840.] Silver and bronze. Size 28. (Figure 46.) 

CCCLXV. Obverse. Portrait of Frederic (the Great) to left and front, 
in uniform and chapeau, and wearing the collar and jewel (square) of the 
Master. Legend, fridericvs ii borvss. rex latomiae conditor berolini et 
primvs III GLOBOR. PRAESVL. * [FredeHc II. King of Prussia, foundcr of Frcc- 
masonry at Berlin, and first Grand Master of the Lodge of the Three Globes.] 
Below the bust, g. loos. dir. c. pfeuffer fec. Reverse, A draped curtain, 
suspended to a rod, which is entwined with a cable-tow having a love-knot in 

221 The lettering below the bust is given fecit by Merz- of CCCLVIII and CCCLX will be noticed. 

dorf, p. 7, but the last two letters are not on the Medal. 223 It may be proper to say that a pallium is similar in 

222 The similarity of the arms to the device on obverse figure to the letter " Y," and thus alludes to York. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 143 

its centre ; on the curtain is the device of the Grand Lodsre of the Three 
Globes (three globes in their frames) ; above is soaring the Prussian eagle, 
crowned, holding in his right talons a sceptre, and in his left an orb. The 
curtain falls upon a mosaic pavement, and from behind it appear the rays of 
the sun. Legend, sacra latomorvm in regno borvss. d. i 3 septemb. i 740 
INAVGVRATA ♦ [The rites of Freemasonry inaugurated in the kingdom of 
Prussia, September 13, 1740.] In exergue, secvlaria a sodalitate trivm | 
GLOBOR. celebrata | d. 1 3 SEPT. 1840 in three lines. [The centennial anni- 
versary celebrated by the Lodge of the Three Globes, Sept. 13, 1840.J Silver 
and bronze. Size 33. (Figure 47.) 

CCCLXVL Obverse, Bust to left of Count Henckel, below which in 
very small letters, g. loos. dir. h. lorenz fecit. Legend, wilh. ludw. 
victor GRAF HENCKEL v. DONNERSMARCK [William Louis Victor, Count Hen- 
ckel von Donnersmarck.] Reverse, On a mosaic pavement lies a carpet, on 
which are a cable-tow, an apron, a square with ribbon, a key having a trian- 
angular handle, &c. : below is a cubic stone or altar, on the top of which is an 
open book, crossed by a sword and palm branch, and on its front the square 
suspended to a ribbon surrounding a gavel erect ; above is a circle surrounded 
by rays enclosing a rose ; on the left of the altar, a low pillar, bearing the 
celestial globe, and on the right, one with the terrestrial. Legend, er ist d. 
MSTRS. KUF u. befehl gehorsam gewesen darum ging ihm d. s. d. w. auf * 
In exergue, The arms of the Lodge zur Bestandigkeit, a shield bearing the 
square and compasses, with sprigs growing from the ground, d. 12. oct. 1841. 
and on a ribbon, bestaendigkeit. Sili^r and bronze. Size about 24."+ 

CCCLXVII. Obverse, A pillar on a platform of seven (?) steps ; its 
capital surmounted by a crown, having on it the letter d ; upon the crown is 
a hat. On the shaft of the pillar a monogram of the script letters j d G s 
interlaced, which I take to be the initials of Jonathan (zur) der Gekronten 
Saule, or Jonathan of the Crowned Pillar : on the base the letter i ; in the 

224 1 take the abbreviations D. S. D. w. to mean perhaps legend will signify, He was obedient to the Master's call 

DIE SAULE DES WAHRHEIT, — the pillars (for the portals and command, and therefore ihe sun of wisdom arose fcir 

or gate) of truth opened to him, or more probably, as him. This Medal was slruck by the Lodge zur Uestsfn- 

suggested by the W. M. of Pythagoras Lodge, which has digkeit, [of Constancy,] Berlm. 
this Medal,— DIE Sonne der weisheit— in which case the 



144 MASONIC MEDALS. 

lower corners on the right and left, a cypher of two script C's interlaced, aboye 
which is a crown. (Figure 44.) Reverse, Inscription in eight lines, in | signe | 

MEM I BRORUM | LIBER • FRAT ■ LATOM | LEG. REVIVISC. IDS | lONATAN | BRUNS- 

viGA. . . . Dcc. . . "= This is an equilateral triangle in shape, suspended by a 
loop on tlie planchet at the top. Each side has five triangular groups of rays. 
Silver. Size 16, on the side, inside the rays. Extremely rare. 

CCCLXVIII. Three hands issuing from the clouds, grasping each other; 
from that on the left a plumb is suspended by a ribbon ; from that in the 
centre, a square, and from that on the right, a level. Below these is a cubic 
stone upon which lies a scroll with an elaborate C. Legend, on a ribbon, his 
SPLENDOR FACVLTAS CONCORDIA [By these beauty, skill, and harmony.] Re- 
verse, A pillar resting upon seven steps, having on its base the letter i, on its 
capital a crown, and surrounded by rays, and an equilateral triangle, the base 
of which rests on the platform. On the apex of the triangle is a hat. In 
exergue, brvnsvigae d. 12. febr. | 5744. in two lines. Gold, silver, and 
copper. Size 18. Rare."""* 

CCCLXIX. Obverse, A pillar, having on its capital a crown surmounted 
by an owl, on its base the cypher c. f. and supported by seven steps ; near 
the base on the left are the square, compasses, and level, interlaced, and on 
the right the compasses erect, one point resting on a rough and the other on a 

225 The rest of the eighth line I cannot decipher, and before. In describing one of the Medals of this Lodge, 

the sixth is also too much obliterated to be correctly read. Zacharias says th2 seven steps below the pillar allude to 

It signifies, so far as it is legible, Badge of the Members the seven liberal arts. This Medal was struck by the 

of the Fraternity of Freemasons, of the [Lodge] Jonathan, same Lodge which issued V, and probably XII of this list. 

Brunswick, &c. This Lodge was founded by Br. von I describe it frotn.one m tny own collection ; it is one of 

Kisslel^en, under a warrant from Bro. Luttman, Prov. the most interesting of the (German Masonics, and was un- 

Grand Master at Hamburg, dated 1740, under the name known to Merzdorf. 

Jonathan zum Pfeiler, or Jonathan of the Pillar, Feb. 12, 226 Merzdorf places this Medal under 1774, the date if 
1744. A Lodge called St. Charles de la Concorde, had bears, — which I am confident is too early, and merely al- 
been founded at Brunswick in 1770, which received its hides to that of the foundation of the Lodgfr; it is men- 
name in honor of the Duke Charles of Brunswick ; a tioned in Bode,'# Almanac, 1777. In commenting on the 
third Lodge, entitled Charles de P Indissolable Fraternile, Freemason's Ducat, so-called,— XII,— Merzdorf, p. 12, 
was also founded previous to 1773, and the Lodge Jona- says that " In the records of the Lodge Charles of the 
than appears to have changed its name from zum Pfeiler Pillar, is fouAd a notice under date of 1745, that some one 
to zur Saule, having tlie same signification, and Zacharias, desired to strike a Medal, and the statement that the 
from whom I obtain these facts, says in 1773 these three matter was referred to the R. W. Master in the chair." I 
Lodges were united into one, called Carl zur Gekronten think therefore that either this or the preceding Medal, 
S^ule, or Charles of the Crowned Pillar, under which bearing the name or device of the Lodge, was the one 
name it celebrated its centennial in 1844. The cypher on alluded to, and not the " ducat " XII — which bears no 
the pillar wBuld seem to show that the Lodge Jonathan reference to the Lodge — though now generally, I think, 
had assumed the name of Crowned Pillar some time supposed to have been struck by it. 



M^KVINB; 




MEDALS: 



PARTS' ^11 1 (Sl IV. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



145 



perfect ashlar. Legend, neglecta redire virtvs avdet. [Virtue neglected 
dares to return.] In exergue, pr^mivm virtvt: | et diligent: in two lines. 
[Reward of virtue and diligence.] Reverse, A landscape, with hills on the 
right, from which flows a river : in the back-ground are trees and mountains ; 
the sun shines from the right above the hills. Legend, solis et rivi bene- 
Ficio SVRGVNT. [They rise by the aid of sun and stream.] In exergue, in 
three lines, sciiOLyE mvrar : libb : | brvnsv: fvnd : | mdcclxxi. [For the 
school of the Freemasons of Brunswick, founded 1771.] On the left, on the 
edge of the river bank, C. F. Krull Fee. in small letters. Silver and copper. 
Size 28. The dies are believed to be still in existence, in the possession of 
the Lodge Charles of the Crowned Pillar, but the Medal is scarce.''^' 

CCCLXX. Obverse, Bust to right. Legend, above, Jacob friedrich 
langerfeldt. Under the edge of the bust, f. Reverse, Inscription in seven 
lines, 25 jahr | meister v: st. | der □ carl zur | gekronten saule | Braun- 
schweig I 24 jUNi I 1843. Langerfeldt ''"^ was twenty-five 'years presiding 
Master (Meister von stuhl) of the Lodge Charles of the Crowned Pillar. 
Silver and bronze. Size 20. 

CCCLXXI. Obverse, On a mosaic pavement a pillar, on a platform of 
seven steps ; on its base the letter i with a small six-pointed star each side 
and over it : on the capital is a crown. The pillar is surrounded by rays, and 
enclosed in an equilateral triangle, on the apex of which is a hat. No legend. 
In exergue, in two lines, braunschweig d. 12 feb. | 1744. Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in six Hues, zur j sacular feier | der □ carl zur gekronten saule | d. 
12 februar I 1844 [Centennial celebration of the Lodge Charles of the 
Crowned Pillar, &c.,] at the bottom a small f. Silver and bronze. Size 18. 

CCCLXXII. Obverse, Harpocrates leaning on a pillar, with legend and 
exergue as XII. Reverse, Near five ashlars above which is a hand, holding 

227 A school was established by the Lodge St. Charles, a blue ribbon. See Zacharias, III, 5. Pythagoras Lodge 

for four children of Masons, and on the union mentioned has one in bronze. I incline to the opinion that the so- 

in Note 225, it was increased to twelve. Duke Ferdinand called ducats, (XII,) which were doubtless used for pre - 

of Brunswick ordered this Medal to be prepared by Krull, miunis, may have been struck as rewards for the children 

the Mint Commissioner, for the most studious pupils, and of this school. 

the letters F. and C. on the base, allude to Ferdinand and 228 Langerfeldt was born April 29, 1772, and received 

Charles. The school was long and probably is still main- his degrees in 1812 and 1813. He Vvas a prominent citizen 

tained. The Medal was worn by the children suspended to of Brunswick. 



146 MASONIC MEDALS. 

a level, a Freemason wearing an apron, is sitting on a cubic stone : in his 
right hand he holds a trowel, in his left he has the extended compasses and 
measures an ashlar lying near his feet. Legend, .eqva lege sortitvr insig- 
NES ET iMOS [Allotted by impartial law to the lofty and the lowly."'] In 
exergue, ornamental scroll work similar to that on XII. This Medal I des- 
cribe from Merzdorf, who does not mention size or metal, but considers it to 
have been struck by the same Lodge with the preceding. 

CCCLXXIII. Obverse as obverse of XII, Reverse, Similar to reverse 
of CCCLXVIII, but from a smaller die ; the inscription in the exergue is 
omitted, and in its place is an ornamental scroll. Silver. Size i6. This is 
somewhat rare, and German writers seem to think that the association of 
this reverse die of the Lodge Charles of the Crowned Pillar, with the obverse 
of the " Ducat," sufficiently establishes the theory that the latter were issued 
by that Lodge,"^" v 

CCCLXXIV. Obverse, Harpocrates with legend arid exergue as XII, 
Reverse, Group of six ashlars, with hand and level above ; legend and orna- 
ment in exergue, as reverse of XII, Copper, and perhaps other metals. 
Size 26. This, like the smaller prize medals or ducats, (XII) was struck, as 
Merzdorf believes, by the Lodge Charles of the Crowned Pillar, and he places 
it under the same date, 1 745. 

CCCLXXV. Obverse, The Masonic building at Breslau, Legend, das 
GEB^EUDE DER III vEREiNiGT. FREiMAURERLO. [The building of the three united 
Masonic Lodges.] In exergue, in four lines, zu breslau | eingeweihet | d. 
1 1, i: SEPT. I 18 1 7. [Consecrated at Breslau on the eleventh day of September, 
1817.] Reverse, A chain, enclosed in which are two horns of plenty : at 
the sides, in the chain, are two triangles, the apex pointing in. Under the 
chain is a radiant triangle, in which is the All-seeing eye : on the right is the 
moon, and on the left a five-pointed star. Legend, einigkeit umschlinge 
DAS BAND DES LEBENS. [Harmony entwines the bond of life.] The legend 
has the tops of the letters inward. Silver. Size about 2 5.°^' 

229 The legends on this Medal are both from the well- The Leipsic Lodge "Minerva of the Three Palms," had 
known Ode of Horace, Lib. iii. i. only a plaster cast. Merzdorf fixes the dale as 1772. 

230 There is one in silver, in the Pythagoras Collection. 231 This Medal is in the Pythagoras Collection. 




PLATE XIII. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 147 

CCCLXXVI, Obverse, A square mosaic pavement, on which is a pedes- 
tal, the front adorned with the square and compasses, and surmounted by a 
sphinx to left. Above is a five-pointed blazing star, surrounded by twelve 
groups of rays and having the letter G on its centre. Below the pavement, 
in two lines, a. g. kobes m. v. s. | c. f. starosta d. m. [m. v. s. signifies 
Meister von Stuhle, -/. e. Presiding Master, and d. m. Deputy Master.] Legend, 

GLUCKLICHE VERGANGENHEIT. FROHE GEGENWART. HOFFNUNGSVOLLE ZUKUNFT. 

[Fortunate in the past, happy in the present, hopeful for the future.] Reverse, 
Inscription in nine lines, die ger : u : v : st : j : a | zu den 3 todtenger- 

IPPEN ] zu BRESLAU | GESTIFTET DEN XVIII MAI 1 74 1 | FEYERT DIE 5o I^HR 
ANERKENNUNG I VON DER I H. G. LANDES A VON DEUTCHSLAND | ZU BERLIN | DEN 

XX MARZ 1822. [The true and perfect (gerecht und vollkommen) St. John's 
Lodge of the Three Skeletons in Breslau, founded May i8, 1741, celebrated 
the semi-centennial of the Most Worshipful Grand (Hochwiirdige Grosse) 
Land-Lodge of Germany at Berlin, March 20, 1822.] This is a very thin 
medal, cast, of iron. Size 34. Scarce. 

CCCLXXVn. Obverse, A crowned bell surrounded by rays, over an 
altar of three steps, on which lies a book. The pavement is strewn with 
Masonic working tools, — a square, gavel, level, compasses and trowel. 
Legend, hoeret auch fortan der glocke ruf zum lichte. [Henceforth 
he ever obeys the call of the bell to light.] Reverse, Within a wreath of 
laurel the- inscription in nine lines, ZUR | iubelfeier | d. A. zuR glocke | in 

BRESLAU I GEST. D. 1 3. lUNI 1 776 | GEFEIERT D. 1 3. lUNI | 1 826 | BR. V. DAM- 

NiTZ ] A. MSTR. [In honor of the semi-centennial of the Lodge of the Bell, in 
Breslau, founded June 13, 1776, celebrated June 13, 1826, Br. von Damnitz, 
Master of the Lodge.] Copper.^^^ Size 29. 

CCCLXXVIII. Obverse, On a Maltese cross a star of eight formal 
rays, which surround an elliptical tablet bearing azure, a sceptre or. On the 
upper arm of the cross is a crown, over which mdcc on the left and cxxvi on 
the right: at the bottom, very small, G. loos dir. h. gube fec. A circle 
surrounds the field, outside of which is the legend, fridrich zum goldenen 

232 This Medal is in the Pythagoras collection. 



148 MASONIC MEDALS. 

ZEPTER iM OR. z. BRESLAU GEST. D. X DEC. MDCCLXxvi • [The Lodge Frederic 
of the Golden Sceptre, Orient of Breslau, founded Dec. lo, 1776.] Reverse, 
The interior of a circular temple, on the sides of the entrance to which are 
the two pillars, that on the left having j incused on its shaft, and that on the 
right, B. In the temple is the ark of the covenant, with the rods for carrying 
it in place, and a winged cherub head facing outward on each of its upper 
corners. Above is a radiant star, formed by a double triangle " braced." 
The rays fill the field between the pillars.^" In exergue, in two lines, oelsner. 
WENDT. v. HEUDUCK. | BUCHWALDT. BLUMENTHAL. A circle surrounds the 
field, outside of which is the legend, die wahrheit leuchtet ewig wie dieses 
tempels flamme » [Truth shines eternally as this temple's flame.] Silver 
and bronze. Size 32. 

CCCLXXIX. Obverse, .\h. \ zuR eintracht | und | standhaftigkeit | 
IM o.-. cassel. in five lines. [Lodge of Unity and Constancy, Orient of 
Cassel.J In very small letters below, o. b. heinicke f. Reverse, zur erinn- 

RUNG I 2. OCTOBER 5866 | «*«■ | DEN BRUDERN | GEWIDMET | VOM B.*. JULIUS 

HAHLO. in six lines, the last curving to conform to the lower edge of the 
Medal. [In remembrance of October 2, 1866. Dedicated to the brethren by 
Br. Juhus Hahlo.J Silver. Size 21. 

CCCLXXX. Obverse, A double triangle interlaced ; the hexagon en- 
closed has its field covered with horizontal lines, (? azure) on which is a crowned 
lion, rampant regardant. Reverse as obverse. The points of the triangles 
are cutout. Copper gilt. Size 32 between opposite points. A ring attached 
by which it was worn. This is a member's jewel of the Lodge of the Golden 
Lion of Dantzig, struck in the form of a star, and is very poorly executed, 
especially the lion, whose paws are thicker than his body. 

CCCLXXXI. Obverse, A square stone, on the face of which is the 
sun, proceeding from which eight L's form right angles ; over the letters 
forming the perpendicular arms, is the letter p ; below, an s, and at each 
extremity of the horizontal line of letters is the figure 3. The stone is sur- 

233 These rays are so finely cut as rather to resemble of this Medal, though Merzdorfputs it in. Ihave not been 
engine turning. There is no e in FrieJrich on the obverse able to learn anything concerning the names in the exergjie. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 149 

rounded by Masonic working tools — the gavel, trowel, level and trestle-board. 
Reverse, Two stones, one upon the other, over which is the sun, and below, a 
dog and sphinx. In the middle of the stones are three hands clasped, from 
which proceed eight 3's, and between these figures concorditer et constan- 
TER. [Harmoniously and earnestly.] On the lower stone are the square, 
compasses, and the two pillars. Edge inscription, in tesseram constantiae 
EX foedere insolubili 1754 [In token of constancy under an indissoluble 
treaty.] . Silver and copper. This Medal I describe from Merzdorf^s-* who 
says that it is very rare, and that the size is " larger than a thaler," which 
would be upwards of 30 by the American scale. This would seem to have 
been struck to commemorate some event — perhaps the reception of Lud- 
wig VIII. to the Master's or third degree, but I have not yet been able to 
discover anything of its history. 

CCCLXXXII. Obverse, Profile bust to left, in uniform, wearing a very 
high embroidered collar, with broad ribbon over the shoulder, and star on 
breast ; on the arm, small, loos. Legend, ludwig grossherzog von hessen 
UND bei rhein, and below the bust, protector [Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse, 
and Protector on the Rhine.] Reverse, The front of a temple, having six 
Ionic columns, and a closed door in the centre, approached by a flight of steps, 
(nine and seven.) Legend, iohannes d. evang. z. eintracht im o. v. Darm- 
stadt. [John the Evangelist, of Harmony, Orient of Darmstadt.] In exergue, 
in three lines, eingeweiht | am aS aug. | 58i8 [Dedicated Aug. 25, 1818.] 
Silver and bronze.^^^ Size 26. 

CCCLXXXIII. Obverse, The front of a large building, used as a 
school. Legend, above, real und armen schule [Practical and Charity 

234 The statement is made by Merzdorf, that this Medal seventh. It must therefore have been in the reign of his 

was struck by Ludwig VIII., Landgrave of Hesse-Darm- son, the sixth of Hesse-Darmsta,dt, and the eighth of 

stadt. To the number VIII in his title, the eight L's on Hesse, who succeeded in 1768, and died in 1790, that the 

the obverse seem to allude, and the eight threes on the Medal was struck. It is mentioned in Bode's Almanach, 

reverse. The other letters, p. and f., I am unable to 1799 ; and in Freiniaurerei skizairt im Lickte, 1785, 

explain, or the meaning of the figure 3 on both sides of (Freemasonry dragged into the Light,) the title has an 

the Medal. Merzdorf catalogues, it under the date of engraving of the reverse. The date on the edge may be 

I7S4, from the edge. I hesitate to differ from such an that of the foundation of the Lodge. 

authority as Merzdorf, on German matters especially, but 235 The Ludwig whose portrait appears on the obver.se 

according to Woodward and Gates' Cyclopedia of Clironn- of this Medal was the first Grand Duke of Hesse-D^rm- 

logy, the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, 1754 to 1768, stadt, who succeeded in 1790, and died in 1830, and the 

was Ludwig V., or if the Ludwigs of the older Landgravate son of Ludwig VIII. mentioned under CCCLXXXI. 
of Hesse before its division are counted, he would be the 



I50 MASONIC MEDALS. 

School.] In exergue, in two lines, zu friedrich ] stadt Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in eight lines, unter | gottes beystand | u. der regierung des | besten 
LANDES vaters | friedr : AUGUSTS | AM lo. MAY | 1785 | GEGRUNDET [Founded 
by God's help under the reign of the best father of his country, Frederick 
Augustus, May lO, 1785.J Silver.^^e Size 21. 

CCCLXXXIV. Obverse, On a stony foreground stands a strong pyra- 
mid withstanding lightning from a storm-cloud above, on the left, which strikes 
but does not wither a sprig of acacia growing at its base ; on the right, Time, 
having an hour-glass on his head, flies with his scythe to cut it down : in the 
background a landscape and waterfall ; in the distance three poplars bend by 
the storm under the cloud, behind which the sun is shining ; a plain strewn 
with flowers on the right ; in front, on one of the stones, loos in very small 
letters. Legend, unio latomor francof • a • m • Reverse, Inscription''^? in 
nine lines, fratrum | moderatori | constant • fellner | d- vi oct. mdcccii | 

NUPTIAS I FAUSTO OMINE CELEBRANTI | PERENNIA GAUDIA | VOTIS SUIS | DEPOSCIT 

[The Lodge " Unity " of the Masonic Brethren of Frankfort on the Main 
invokes perpetual joy on the vows of Constant Fellner, its Master, commemo- 
rating his nuptials with happy augury, October 6, 1802-.] Silver. Size 32. 
This was struck in honor of the golden wedding of Constantin Fellner, for 
many years W. M. of the Lodge. 

CCCLXXXV. Obverse, Naked bust to left of Leopold, under which 
is A (signifying Abrahamson, the die cutter.) Legend, herzog Maximilian 
lULius LEOPOLD [Duke Maximilian, &c.] Reverse, A female figure with 
three children leans weeping on the right of a column, which is surmounted 
by an urn, and has upon its shaft a double triangle forming a six-pointed star 
inclosing the letter G, and upon its base the Maltese cross. The side of the 

236 This Medal is included in Merzdorf's catalogue, attributed to the Lodge Drei Schwertzer, (the Three 

though on what ground I am unable to see. He admits Swords) of Dresden. 

its doubtful Masonic character, but, for some reason best 237 The word Unio is of course the Latin for Einigkeit, 

known to himself, places it under Dresden. It is also signifying Unity, the name of the Lodge at Frankfort on 

included among Masonics in various German Sale Cata- the Main, by which this Medal was struck. The inscrip- 

logues, and I have therefore described it. It has been said tion is to be read from the obverse over to the reverse, 

that the School was supported by Masons of Dresden for The Medal is engraved in Zacharias, VII, 3, who says it 

the benefit of their orphan children, but I have not been was struck in Berlin. See XXXIV and XLVI for others 

able to verify this statement. There is one in silver in by the same Lodge. There is one in the Pythagoras 

the Pythagoras Collection, and m their catalogue it is Collection. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 151 

column on the left has been broken."^' Legend, furst und maurer, befehls- 
HABER UND MENSCHENFREUND. [Prince and Mason, Commander and Philan- 
thropist.] In exergue, in two lines, d. xxvii. april | mdcclxxxv. Silver and 
tin. Size 28. 

CCCLXXXVI. Obverse, A circle, the edge serrated to form a star of 
thirty-two points ; from behind it proceed eight groups of formal rays, sur- 
mounted by a serpent devouring its tail, which encloses three right hands 
emerging from clouds, and clasping each other on the centre of the star. 
Legend, On the star, orient v. dusseldorf The upper ray is pierced, and 
has a ring attached to a double triangle braced, forming a six-pointed star, by 
which it is worn suspended to a clasp. The serpent is silver, the rest of the 
Medal is brass, or bronze gilt. Size, across the rays, 40 ; of the circle formed 
by the serpent, 32, and of the inner star, 20.°'' 

CCCLXXXVIL Obverse, A five-pointed star, or " pentalpha," the lines 
forming the star being interlaced, and the centre and points cut out. From 
the outer angles of the star proceed flames, and in the pentagon is the 
letter g. Reverse as obverse, except the G is reversed. Worn suspended by 
a ring passing through a flame over the letter, and one point down. Bronze, 
gilt. Length of side of star, 39. 

CCCLXXXVIIL Obverse, A star of nine points, formed by three 
equilateral triangles interlaced : the points and centre cut out. In the central 
space, a nine-pointed radiant star bearing the letter G. Reverse, As obverse, 
except that instead of the letter, the star has an All-seeing eye ; a ring is 
attached to the upper point of one triangle. Bronze, gilt. Length of side 
of triangle, 32. This and the previous number are members' jewels, and in 
a German catalogue I find them attributed to Gorlitz.^'*" 

238 This Medal was struck by the Lodge " Aufrichtiges 239 This is a member's jewel of the German Lodge of 

Herz," or the " Sincere Heart," of Frankfort on the Oder, Dusseldorf ; while composed of three parts, each of those 

in honor of the memory of Duke Leopold of Brunswick, parts are struck from dies, and I therefore include it, fol- 

born October 10, 1752, made a Mason in 1772 : he was lowing also the precedent of the German Catalogue from 

drowned in the Oder while endeavoring to save life, April which I purchased it. 

27, 1785, the date in exergue. He was Major General of 240 I have felt considerable hesitation about including 

a Prussian command, 1776. See Zacharias II, 5, for an these two Medals, but the second is apparently struck, 

engraving of this Medal, and a full account of Leopold, and the first so closely resembles it, that in deference to 

There were two other Medals, not Masonic, one cut by others, and following the rule given in note to CCCXVII, 

Stierle, and another by KruU, in memory of the Duke. I have described them. 



152 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCCLXXXIX. Obverse, A crown of seven stars, beloyv which is the 
inscription in five lines, frankenbergio | qui per lustra x. | murus ahenus 
ERAT I IV A. NON. JAN. j MDCCCXV. [To Frankenberg, who for ten lustra (fifty 
years) was an impregnable wall, (iv ante nonas) Jan. 2, i8i5.J Reverse, The 
square and compasses surrounded by rays. Legend, opera hierophantam 
DECLARANT. [His works reveal the teacher.] Silver and bronze. Struck by 
the Lodge Ernst zum Compass, or Ernest of the Compasses, of Gotha, in honor 
of Bro. Von Frankenburg, Minister of State, on the completion of a half cen- 
tury of public service.'*" Bronze. 

CCCXC. Obverse, Three reversed torches encircled by a wreath of 
cypress ; above are three stars, between which and the torches ernst. ii. On 
the left is august and on the right, friedrich iv. Under the torches, xx. 
APR. XVII. MAI XI. FEB. Legend, in two lines, dem andenken der freund- 

LICHEN UNTERGEGANGENEN STERNE | DES SACHSEN HAUSES GOTHA-ALTENBURG. 

[In thankful remembrance of the friendship of the setting stars of the house 
of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.J Reverse, Inscription in ten lines, g. v. | h. a. 0. 

REICHARD I H. S. GEHEIM. KR. RATH | DES ] K. S. CIV. VERD. ORDENS | RITTER | 
L. JAHR. STAATSDIEN. D. XXI. JUL. | L. JAHR. F. M. D. XXIV. OCT. | TODTENFEIER 

IM juBELjAHR | MDCCCXXV. This Medal was struck by the order of H. A. O. 
Reichard.^'''' Bronze. Size 26. 

CCCXCI. Obverse, Clothed bust facing to right. Legend, br. ernst. 
II. herzog v. SACHSEN GOTHA u. ALTENBURG • [Bro. Emest II. Grand Duke of 
Saxe-Gotha and Altenburg.] Under the bust, helfricht v. gotha in small 

241 Though this Medal is catalogued as in the collection Dedicated to the memory (of the Saxon Princes,) whose 
of Pythagoras Lodge, I have not seen it, and cannot give death occurred in the semi-centennial year of H. A. 0. 
its size. My description is from Merzdorf, p. 21, No. 45. Reichard, . Honorable Privy Counsellor for War, Knight of 

242 Ernest Louis, son of Frederic III., of Saxe-Coburg- the Order of the Royal Saxon Civil Service, fifty years in 
Altenburg, died April 20, 1804. His son and successor, the service of the State, July 21. Fifty years a Free- 
Emilius Leopold Augustus, died February 11, 1825. Mason, October 24, 1825. These explanations of the 
Frederic IV., the last male descendant of his line, died abbreviations are not given as undoubtedly correct, but 
May 1 1 foUovring, and the duchy, with some changes of they are probably very nearly so. H. S. in the third line 
territory, fell to Ernest, the father of Albert, Prince Con- may perhaps mean Herzogthum Sachsischen i. <r. "of the 
sort of England. I read the abbreviations and inscription Grand Duchy of Saxe." Saxe-Altenburg became a prin- 
thus :-^-Gewidmet von H. A. O. Reichard. H. S. (? Hoch- cipality in 1603, which might justify the use of the word 
Staats) Gehemier Kr. (? legs) Rath des K (Poniglichen) Koniglich, (or royal) in sixth line; but the reigning prince ' 
S (? achsischen) Civil Verdienst Ordens Ritter. L. Jahr. seems generally to be styled a Duke, which might perhaps 
Staats dienste (an) dem xxi. Jul. L. Jahr Frei Maurer dem require Kurfurstlich for Koniglich, and make Herzogthum 
XXIV. Octob. &c. If this is correct, the signification will be, Sachsischen a more probable interpretation. 



MA SONIC MEDALS. 1 5 3 

letters. Reverse, A triangle, in which is the inscription in five lines below a 
small six-pointed star, giving the names borne by the Lodge at different 
periods, cosmo | polit | rauten = kranz 1774 compass 1784 | ernst z com- 
pass 1 AM 30 JANUAR 1806 [The Cosmopolitan Lodge, Wreath of Rue=« 1774: 
Compasses, 1784: Ernest of the Compasses, Jan. 30, 1806.] Legend, Over 
the triangle in two circular lines, zum 5o j^hrigen jubelfeste der st. joh. 
LOGE I ERNST z. COMPASS IM OR. zu GOTHA ; under the triangle, gefeiert and 
below, curving, am i6.mai i856. [For the semi-centennial of the St. John's 
Lodge, Ernest of the Compasses, celebrated May 16, i856.J Bronze. Size 
24 nearly. ^j 

CCCXCIL Obverse, The trunk of a tree, against which are leaning two 
shields ; that on the right has the arms of the city of Halberstadt, per pale 
argent and gules, in fess point a crampoon,'*'' (color not denoted) ; that on the 
left has the arms of the Lodge Drei Hammer, or Three Gavels, azure, three 
gavels erect or, two over one ; above soars the Prussian eagle, crowned, 
with a laurel branch in his talons. Legend, latomorum in mansions trium 
malleorum halberstadt. secularia. [Semi-centennial of the Freemasons 
of the Lodge of the Three Gavels, Halberstadt.] In exergue, loos d. schil- 
ling F. Reverse, A broken pillar, its shaft surrounded by a band ; on the 
right is a dagger, and on the left a gavel and the square and compasses. 
Legend, above, adhuc stat. [Yet it stands,] and below, d. xxviii. januar 
MDCCCXLVi. Silver and bronze. Size 24. 

CCCXCIIL Obverse, Bust of Miethoff to right. Legend, f. d. m 
* magister. supr. HALLENS * MDCCXLV. [F. D. M. signifies Frater de Miethoff, 
Supreme'"*^ Master, Halle, 1745.] Reverse, A seated female figure surrounded 

243 The rtte, aside from the mystical powers it was sup- adopted its last name after the death of Ernest, which is 

posed to possess, which gave it the name of "herb of given on CCCXC. 

grace,", as Bishop Taylor says, was a favorite name for 244 The device resembling this figure fsj which I take 

Lodges in Saxony (see X). The bend enarched, trefle vert, to be a crampoon, or cramping iron, a somewhat unusual 

on the Arms of Saxony, as borne by the Prince of Wales, charge. Pythagoras Lodge has one of the Medals in its 

as Duke of Saxony, on an inescutcheon of pretence, is collection. 

supposed by heraldic students to allude to a wreath of 245 I am in doubt whether Supreme means Grand Mas- 
rue assumed by one of the early Dukes of Saxony, the ter, or only presiding Master. From Merzdorf, page 23, 
tradition in regard to which need not be mentioned liere, No. 49, it seems that his description is from an engraving 
but may be found in Millington's " Heraldry in History, in a pamphlet giving an account of the celebration of St. 
Poetry, &c." The rue therefore has a national and pa- John's Day, 1745, by the Lodge of the Three Keys, 
triotic, and not a Masonic significance. The Lodge Halle. In his Index, the Medal, like that which follows, 



154 MASONIC MEDALS. 

by Masonic and musical instruments. Legend, pia hilaritas. latomor, ha- 
LENS [The reverential joy of the Masons of Halle.J This Medal is included 
in his list by Merzdorf, from which I take this description, but he says its 
existence is considered as very doubtful. 

CCCXCIV. Obverse, Bust to left of D. S. Madai. Legend, magister 
SUPREMUS III. halensis. [Third Supreme Master, at Halle.] Reverse, Faith, 
represented as a female figure, with the sun upon her breast ; her left hand 
supported by a book against which leans a cross ; her right holds a shield, on' 
which are three united hearts. The field irradiated with the sun. Legend, 
above, conjunge juvabit [It delights in union.] In exergue, 17 | 47 in two 
lines, between which are the arms of the city of Halle.^** 

Merzdorf mentions in his list still another doubtful Medal, of Hamburg, 
" struck in honor of the late Father Carpser," for whom a Lodge of Sorrow 
was held in Hamburg, Aug. i, 1759. He does not give any description of it, 
but merely the name of the book (Shroder's Materialen, I, p. 136,) where the 
allusion to it is to be found. 

CCCXCV. Obverse, An open temple, circular, supported by six col- 
umns, and containing an enclosed pedestal surmounted by a bust ; on the 
right of the temple is a small tree, and on the left are poplars. On the frieze, 
genio leibnitii. [To the Genius of Leibnitz.] Legend, l.-. de la reunion 
DES AMIS d'hanovre. [Lodge of the Union of Friends, of Hanover.] In 
exergue, amat consociare [It loves to assemble.] below is a small five- 
pointed star. Reverse, Between two branches of olive crossed, is a radiant 
triangle, in the centre of which are two right hands joined. Legend, elevee 
A l'g.-. d'hanovre le 23 J.-. DU 7 M.-. DE LAN 58o3 [Erected in the Orient 
of Hanover, Sept. 23, 1803.J Silver. Size 17.''''' 

and also XIII of this list are assigned to the Lodge " Drei been struck in the following year, and CCCXCIV in 1747. 

Degen," or the Three Swords. Zacharias, III, 2, calls 246 Like the previous Medal, Merzdorf, while describing 

the Lodge that of the "Three Golden Keys : " the name this, says he knows of it only by a pamphlet published at 

on the pamphlet is the "Three Keys." The name Three Halle in 1747, and observes that its existence is very 

Swords was adopted when it began to work under the rite doubtful. Madai is supposed to have succeeded Miethoff, 

of Strict Observance, Oct. 1765; it had previously in 1756 whoioUowed von Bruckenthal in the Mastership, 

changed its name to "Philadelphia." XIII, struck for 247 Engraved in Tresor Numis. Rev. pi. g6, fig. 5. 

the feast of St. John in 1774, is well known, though the Merzdorf calls the branches on the reverse acacia. It 

impressions in bronze are marked R2 and those in silver was, I presume, Baron Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz, the 

R4 in German Catalogues. CCCXCIII purports to have distinguished philosopher, bom at Leipsic in 1646, who 



MASONIC MEDALS. ' 155 

CCCXCVI. Obverse, Bust to left, under which in small letters, breh- 
MER F. Legend, georg v. v g. g. koenig v. hannover. [George V. by the 
grace of God (von Gottes Gunst) King of Hanover.] Reverse, Three female 
figures seated : the central one holds an ashlar on which are the square and 
compasses, her right hand is pointing upwards; that on the left rests her left 
hand upon a fluted column, the top of which is broken, and the one on the 
right holds a wreath in her left hand. Legend, siehe der pallast ist zur 
bauhutte worden u die bauhutte zum pallust [Behold, the palace has 
become a lodge,''*^ and the lodge a palace.] In exergue, in four lines, zur 

ERINNERUNG AN DEN EINTRITT | S. M. DES KONIGS GEORG V | IN DEN FREIMAU- 

rerbund I 14 JAN. 1857. [In commemoration of the initiation of his Majesty 
George V. into the Masonic Order, Jan. 14, iSS;.] Bronze. Size 38 nearly. 
CCCXCVII. Obverse, A temple showing the interior ; on each side of 
an altar which stands on a mosaic pavement, are five pillars ; behind the altar 
is a statue of Minerva, with helmet, lance and shield. On the right a Master 
approaches, wearing chapeau, sword and apron, and holding in his right hand 
a shield on which is the letter j. The frieze has the inscription der weisheit. 
\j : tugend [Of wisdom and virtue.] In the pediment is a small wreath, and 
on the point of the roof an owl. Three circular steps lead to the pavement ; 
on the left of the lowest, werner f : Reverse, A cable-tow with five love- 
knots nearly surrounds the inscription in ten lines, denkmal | am lebens 

PFADE I DES j ERBPRINZEN IOSEPH I ZU S. HILDBURGHAUSEN. I ERRICHTET I VON 

der fr : maur : loge da | selbst am tage seiner | geburth | d : 27 aug : 
1789 [literally. Monument erected on the career^"" of the Crown-Prince 
Joseph of Saxe Hildburghausen, by the Masonic Lodge of the same place, 
on the day of his birth, Aug. 27, 1789.] Below is a cubic stone, around 

died at Hanover, Nov. 14, 1714, whose genius is com- hausen. (See XVI of this list. ) The worA Denkmal Wter- 

memorated on this Medal. ally means a monument, and Lebens pfade, a path of life. 

248 The word bauhutte was used anciently to denote The expression may denote that a monument in honor of 
the temporary lodgings erected by operative Masons, near Joseph was erected on the anniversary of his birth, or the 
Cathedrals and other public buildings, meaning literally a word may have been employed in the figurative way in 
builder's hut; hence it came to be used as the Masonic which the old numismatists used it— a numismatic "monu- 
term for Lodge. King George was initiated in the Lodge ment," or Medal, in the sense of Denkmunze, and then 
of the Black Bear, at Hanover. (Rebold's History of Free- it would signify a Medal struck to commemorate the 
masonry.) This Medal is in the Pythagoras Collection. career. I have been unable to find any reference to 

249 This was struck by the Lodge Ernst, of Hildburg- Joseph, which'would fix the year of his birth or death. 



156 ' MASONIC MEDALS. 

which are the square, compasses, pkimb, trowel, gavel, and level, dividing the 
year from the rest of the date. Silver. Size 27. Rare, (Figure 48.) 

CCCXCVIII. Obverse, Device of the Lodge of the Silent Temple, 
being a circular temple with mosaic pavement, supported by. seven pillars, 
and approached by three steps. On its dome are emblems of mortality. In 
the temple is a radiant triangle : by its sides, in perpendicular lines, are old 
Hebrew characters, signifying Thipherath ha Olam [The magnificence of the 
world.] There is no legend. Reverse, A naked figure facing, representing 
Harpocrates, the fore-finger of his right hand pressed upon his lips : his left 
holds a horn of plenty. Legend, tacere multis discitur vitae malis. 
[One is taught to be silent by the many ills of hfe.J In exergue, very 
small, ABERLi F. Copper. In the form of an ellipse. Size i5x22. This 
is extremely rare. Merzdorf knew of but two examples.''^" 

CCCXCIX. Obverse, The portals of a temple, having groups of 
Doric pillars on either side, and approached by seven steps ; on the right is a 
young acacia tree ; on the left the rising sun illuminates the field with his 
rays : over the arch of the portico is a hat (?), and on the roofs of the sides 
are flames. Legend, On a slightly raised border, der maurerischen morgen- 
ROETHE I.'. 0.'. V.-. hildesheim. [The Masonic dawn, (hterally morning-red) 
in the Orient of Hildesheim ;] in exergue, in four hnes, in der stamm = □! 
PFORTE zuR EWiGKEiT | AM 27.*. DECEMB.". | 5762. [in the parent Lodge 
Gate of Eternity, December 27, 1762. Reverse, A temple as on obverse of 
CCCXCVIII. On the right is a tree of acacia. Legend, die dankbaren 
SOEHNE DES STiLLEN TEMPELS. [The grateful sons of the Temple of Silence.] 
In exergue, in three lines, am iubeltage | den 27.*. decemb.*. | 58i2. [On 
the semi-centennial, ^5' December 27, 1812.] Near the foot of the tree st very 
small. The die cutter was George Stach. Bronze. Size 28. 

250 In regard to the origin of the Medal, Merzdorf proper place to assign it. He gives an engraving of one 

places it under Hildesheim, assigning it to the I^odge The in his collection. The other veas at Rostock. 

Silent Temple, by vf hich the following number was struck, 25 1 Zacharias, Numotheca, III, 6. The device of the ob- 

and believes the dies were cut by Franz Aherli near the verse is the seal of the Lodge "Gate of Eternity," founded 

close of the last or the beginning of the present century. Dec. 27, 1762. That of the reverse is the seal of the 

He admits that researches by members of the Lodge at Lodge "Frederick of the Temple," founded January 24, 

Hildesheim had found no evidence of its having "been 1775, which, June 14, 1791, took the name of the "Silent 

struck for their body, but says it may be regarded as Temple." The Medal was struck by the younger Lodge 

"for the present unsettled," still believing that that is the on the semi-centennial of its elder sister. 



M'ASONIC MEDALS. 15 J' 

CCCC. Obverse, Between three palm trees Minerva seated, with lance 
and shield on which is the Medusa head. Below, a small letter k, the 
initial of Kangsdorf. Reverse, A wreath of laurel, in which is the inscrip- 
tion in three lines, non | nisi digno | mdcclxvi. [Not unless to one who is 
worthy.] The date is perhaps that of the adoption of the Medal as a badge. 
Gold and silver.^^^ 

CCCCI. Obverse, Clothed bust to right. Legend, frid. guil. comeS 
AB HOHENTHAL MiNERVAE YATES SEMiSAECULARis » [Frederic William, Count 
von Hohenthal, semi-centennial Poet of Minerva Lodge.] Reverse, Three 
wreaths intertwined — one of oak, another of ivy, and the third of acacia; 
beneath is a sphinx seated and turned towards the left, below which in two 
lines, DIE III. DECEMBRis | MDCCCXiii Over the wreaths is a circle of nine 
seven-pointed stars, above which is the legend vetant mori [They forbid 
(his memory) to die.] Silver. Size 26. Rare.^" 

CCCCII. Obverse, Apollo standing and playing on his lyre ; on the 
left is a square pillar of stone, on which he leans ; laurel and roses are grow* 
ing at its foot ; on the right, in the distance, is a -circular temple of four 
pillars, on a hill, illuminated by the sun, which rises behind it. Reverse, Art 
open wreath of laurel tied with a bow at the bottom, in which nur dem | wur- 
DiGEN I 58o5 in three lines. [Only for him who is worthy.] Sily^, (gilt,) 
bronze, and tin. Size 23. It is rare in silver.^^* 

CCCCIIL Obverse, Two hands emerging from clouds hold a cornucopia-, 
containing wheat, grapes, &c. Beneath it are the letters f. z. g. the initials of 
the name of thfe Lodge, Ferdinand zur Gluckseligkeit or Ferdinaind of Ffclicity. 
Above is a scroll, its lower ends rolled up, bearing the legend felix nos 

252 This is a member's jewel of the famous Lodge Min- 253 The word Semisaecularis denotes semi-centennial, 
ei-va of tlie Three Palms, Leipsic, which has a very fine but the 50th anniversary of the Lodge occurred in March; 
collection of Masonic Medals. Merzdorf says there are 1791, il our information is correct. It seems probaWe that 
three varieties beside the one above described, all usually the Medal was struck on some subsequent occasion, pet- 
having a loop or ring. (l) From dies cut by Keiche in haps of the death of the poet, and commemorated his 
Furth; (2) another by the same, dies cut in 1800; (3) services on the semi-cenlennial. - 
from dies cut by Kruger in Dresden. The only example 254 This is a" member's jewel of the Apollo Lodge, 
in gold known was one presented to Bro. Schlosser in Leipsic. It is generally found with a loop by which it was 
1848, on his fiftieth anniversary of initiation. The Lodge worn suspended, The date probably alludes to the time 
celebrated its Centennial, March 20. 1841, and an account when this badge "was adopted, as the Lodge dates,its foun- 
■6i ■Chi festival, with' a history of the Lodge, is in the dation from 1747. (Findet, p". 267.) It worked m the 
Pythagoras Library. Scottish rite. - 



158 MASONIC MEDALS. 

TENET COPULA [A fortunatc or happy bond unites us,] From the lower ends 
of the scroll depends a ribbon, completing a circle around the field, to which 
at the bottom is attached a small jewel, — a crown on a star of rays, behind 
which is an equilateral triangle. Over the cornucopia is also a small star 
formed by a double triangle " braced." At the bottom, near the border, which 
is serrated, is loos dir. on the left, and blanke fec. on the right, in very 
small letters. Reverse, Legend, above, saecular feier and below, Magde- 
burg and in the centre, in two lines, xxiii februar | mdccclxi [Centennial 
Celebration, Feb. 23, 1861.J Border, serrated. Silver and bronze. Size 25. 

CCCCIV. Obverse, An inverted triangle, a level, and a half moon, with 
the letters es e interlaced and on the sides are leafy branches. Legend, liaison 
SANS pareille. [An alliance without a parallel.] In exergue, ix. oct(jbr. | l f. 
ih two lines. Reverse, An oak having on its trunk the Hebrew letter "^ in 
an oval of rays. At the foot of the tree on the right a coffin, on the head of 
which is the letter b. Near it four arms, three of females, and one of a man, 
are clasping hands, crosswise. On the left of the tree is a cubic stone or 
altar, its side adorned with Masonic symbols. In the background is a group 
of stones. Legend, du chene et du tombeau [Of an oak and a tomb.] 
In exergue, mdccxlvil Silver.'" 

CCCCV. Obverse, Bust to left, wearing orders and the jewel of a Grand 
Master ; under the bust, in small letters, loos. Legend, in the outer circle, 
carl gross-herzog von MECKLENBURG STRELiTZ and in the inner one, geb. 
D. 10 OCTBR. 1 74 1. GEST. D. 6 NOV. 1 8 1 6. [Charles, Grand-duke, &c., born 
Oct. ID, 1 74 1, died Nov. 6, 1816.J Reverse, Inscription in thirteen lines, 

DEM I FURSTEN | UND FREIMAURER ; | DIE LOGEN | MECKLENBURGS : | ZU DEN 
DREI STERNEN, | TEMPEL DER WAHRHEIT, | PHOEBUS APOLLO, | HARPOKRATES | 
ZUR MORGENROTHE, | UND ZUM | FRIEDENSBUNDE. | 1817. [To the PrinCC and 

Freemason. The Mecklenburg Lodges of the Three Stars, the Temple of 

255 Tli'S Medal I describe from Merzdorf, who says, (p. Geschichte derselben. (Schwerin 1798. 1799. 11. 501.) I 

34,) that It was struck in Mecklenburg by order of the have not been able to consult that work. He gives the 

/u- P"'="^^^ Dorothea Sophia, shortly after the death size as i 8-12 zoU, (not far from 36 American scale,) and 

of High Constable (Amtshauptmann) von Behmen. He the weight as ij^ loth. In the Hamburg Catalogue, p. 

says that a full explanation of the piece may be found in 326, it is also mentioned, but erroneously called a token 

livers, Mecklenburgische Munzverfassung, besonders die of the French " High Degrees." 



MASONIC MEDALS. 159 

Truth, Phoebus Apollo, Harpocrates of the Aurora, (or Morning red,) and 
the Bond of Peace, 181 7.] Silver and bronze.^'* Size 29. 

CCCCVI. Obverse, Clothed bust, facing, of Baron Von Nettelbladt ; 
around his neck is a ribbon from which hangs a cross (patee) ; a chain collar, 
from which is suspended a square, falls from his shoulders : on the coat, near 
the lapel on the left, loos d. in very small letters. Legend, On a slightly 
raised and roughened border, above, christ. carl fr. wilh. freih. von 

NETTELBLADT and below, * GEB. D. XV. FEBR. 1779 GEST. D. IX JUL. 1843 * 

[Christian Charles Fr. William, Baron (Freiherr) Von Nettelbladt, born Feb. 
1 5, 1779, died July 9, 1843.] Reverse, In a circle of twelve five-pointed 
radiant stars, the inscription in five lines, dem | unvergesslichen | seine | 
DANKBAREN | BRUDER [To One" never to be forgotten, his grateful brethren 
(dedicate this.)] Bronze. Size 26. 

CCCCVII. Obverse, A draped female figure, having the square and 
compasses in her right hand, and a book in her arm, points with her left to a 
domed temple which she is approaching from the left. Its front has four Ionic 
pillars and three steps ; the door is closed. In the pediment are the compasses, 
square and triangle interlaced : on its top a small figure in armor, and on the 
other corners are small draped figures. In the foreground, under the figure, 
LOOS in very small letters. In the distance, on the right, the sun rising from 
the sea. Legend, On a border slightly raised and roughened, meklenburgs 

ERSTE FREIMAURERLOGE. ST. MICHAEL, GEGRUNDET IN SCHWERIN. * [MeckleU- 

burg's first Masonic Lodge, St. Michael, founded in Schwerin.J In exergue, 
curving, d. i5. max 1754. Reverse, On a mosaic pavement is an altar, on 
which is a closed book ; two burning tapers on the right, and one on the left ; 
the frontal is adorned with the square and compasses surrounded by fourteen 
six-pointed stars. Above, in a radiant triangle, the All-seeing eye : on the 
pavement at the left, very small, schroder. Legend, on a border like obverse, 

256 Pythagoras Lx)dge has this Medal in bronze. Merz- Mecklenburg, the first and second having their Orient at 

dorf says that the statement in the Zacharias Catalogue Rostock, the third at Giistrow, , the fourth at Schwerin, 

that this Medal was struck " on the founding of the Pro- and the last, at Neubrandenburg. 1 find one of these 

.vincial Lodge of Mecklenburg on the Hamburg Constitu- constituent Lodges, that at Giistrow, celebrating the 50th 

tion," is imaginary, and not sustained by other aut>ority. year of its obedience to the Grand National Mother 

The Lodges named are all under the Provincial Lodge of Lodge of the Three Globes, in May, 1855. 



i6o MASONIC MEDALS. 

ZUR ERINNERUNG DIE PROV. □. V, MEKLENBURG-SCHWERIN U. STRELITZ ZU ROS- 
TOCK. * [For commemoration, the Provincial Lodge of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 
and Strelitz at Rostock.] In exergue, curving, D. i5. mai i854 Bronze. 
Size 24. This was struck in honor of the centennial of the Provincial Lodge ^" 
above named, having its East at Rostock, and which has one of the finest 
collections, perhaps the best, of Masonic Medals. 

CCCCVIII. Obverse, The interior of a Lodge room, surrounded by 
pillars ; the top is open to the sky, and the radiant sun is seen above, on the 
left. Upon a mosaic pavement stands an altar on the left, its frontal adorned 
with the square and compasses, and near it the three burning tapers, A 
female figure enters from the right, where a draped curtain nearly conceals a 
door ; in her left hand she has the square and' compasses, and in her right a 
torch. In exergue, 1760. Legend, wieder einfuhrung d. maur. lights i. 

MECKLENBURG DURCH D. □. Z. D. 3 STERNEN I. OR. ROSTOCK * [Reintroduc- 

tion of Masonic Light in Mecklenburg by the Lodge of the Three Stars in 
the Orient of Rostock.] Reverse, A pillar, over which are three six-pointed 
stars : on its capital is a globe, and on its shaft are a group of Masonic sym- 
bols, — the square, compasses, level and cable-tow interlaced, and the charter. 
In exergue, i860. Legend, zur erinnerung an die sacularfeier der loge 
ZU den 3 STERNEN IM OR. ROSTOCK ♦ [In commemoration of the Centennial 
of the Lodge of the Three Stars, in the Orient of Rostock.] Bronze. Size 28.'=' 
CCCCIX. Obverse, The arms of the Lodge of the White Dove (zur 
Weissen Taube) of Neisse, a dove's nest on a tree, surrounded by Masonic 
working tools. Legend, in two lines, unser wissen ist ein friedenszweig, 

den WIR VOR UNS HERTRAGEN I ein HIRTENSTAB MIT DEM WIR DIE WELT WEI- 
DEN. [Our knowledge is a branch of peace which we carry before us as a 
pastoral staff with which we pasture (or shepherd) the world.] In exergue, in 
two lines, ferd. gorlich log. mstr. | franz cirves dept. mstr. Reverse, 
Inscription in eight lines, die ger. u. v. st. joh A | zur weissen taube | zu 

neisse. ] GESTIFTET U. v. der H. G. LANDES a v. DEUTSCHLAND Z. BERLIN ANER- 

257 It will be observed that Mecklenburg is spelled with- tained in the very extensive library of Pythagoras Lodge, 
out a c on both obverse and reverse. An account of this 258 This Medal is in the Pythagoras Collection. 
Centennial celebration was printed, and a copy is con- 



MASONIC MEDALS. i6i 

KANT I DEN XXIV. NOVBR. 1 773. | FEIERT IHR Soj^HRG. BESTEHEN | DEN XXIV. 

NOVBR. 1823. [The just and perfect ^^gSt. John's Lodge of the White Dove, 
at Neisse. Founded by and in union with the M. W. Grand Land-Lodge of 
Germany, at Berhn, recognized Nov. 24, 1773. Celebrated its semi-centennial 
Nov. 24, 1823.J This Medal is of iron. 

CCCCX. Obverse, Within a circle formed by a snake devouring its tail, 
a five-pointed star, surmounted by a triangle, on which, within a circle, are 
the letters i. | z. e. in two lines ; (the initials of the name of the Lodge, Joseph 
zur Einigkeit ; "*" Joseph of Harmony, of Nurnberg.) Reverse, Within a 
wreath of laurel the inscription in four lines, dem | verdienste | seine | kro- 
nen. [Its crowns (or rewards) for the meritorious.] Silver and bronze. Size 21. 

The Lodge " zum Goldnen Hirsch," or the Golden Stag, of Oldenburg, 
says Merzdorf,^*' has struck no Masonic Medals of its own, but presented to 
the presiding officers of " Sister Lodges," (bodies formed under laws some- 
what like those of the French Adoptive rite, and which met in the first decade 
of the present century,) three looped Medals, from dies by Loos ; their 
peculiar origin, of which the Medals themselves give no evidence, and the 
bodies for which they were struck, give them place in Merzdorf, and I there- 
fore include them. He describes them as follows : — 

CCCCXL Obverse, Hymen places on an altar, consecrated to conjugal 
love, a crown of myrtle. On the front of the altar are two right hands joined; 
below, on the left, are turtle doves, while roses and evergreen spring up and 
bloom around it. Legend, gluck der ehe [Happiness of marriage.] In 
exergue, loos. Reverse, Inscription in sixteen lines, from Homer, nights | 

1ST WAHRLICH [ SO WUNSCHENSWERTH | UND ERFREUEND, | ALS WENN MANN UND 
WEIB, I IN HERZLICHERLIEBE | VEREINIGT, | RUHIG IHR HAUS | VERWALTEN : | DEN 
FEINDEN I EIN KR^NKENDER ANBLICK ; | ABER | WONNE DEN FREUNDEN, | UND 

259 This Medal I describe from Merzdorf. The abbre- has one of these in bronze, gilt, and in its library an ac- 
viations have already been explained, except the v which count of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Lodge. 

I take to be for Vereinigte. Anerlcant is so spelled on the 261 See Denkmunzen, &c., p. 36, No. 78. This state- 
Medal. Its size I have not ascertained. ment of Merzdorf, who was a resident of Oldenburg, was 

260 The Lodge Joseph zur Einigkeit, founded in 1761, made in 1841. The Lodge celebrated its Centennial, Dec. 
presented to its brothers who had completed twenty-five 6, 1852. From his numismatic zeal, and his influence in 
years of Masonic service, a silver Medal, similar to that the Order, one would suppose a Medal would have been 
above describfed. The design of the obverse is the same struck in honor of thai event, but up to the present time 
with that of the seal of the Lodge. Pythagoras Lodge I have met with none. 



1 62 MASONIC MEDALS. 

MEHR NOCH | GENiESSEN | siE SELBER. [Nothing stirely is so desirable and 
pleasing, as when husband and wife, united in heartfelt love, jointly carry on 
their households. For their enemies a mortifying spectacle ; but for their 
friends a delightful one, and much more do they enjoy it themselves.] Silver. 

Size 30. 

CCCCXII. Obverse, Various implements of manly industry, lying on a 
square stone, here intended as an emblem of constancy, and typifying, says 
Merzdorf, the eternal duration of man's labor, united with strength. A female 
figure bends over these implements and wreaths them with a garland of roses. 
In exergue, loos. Reverse, Inscription, three stanzas from Schiller, arranged 
in thirteen lines : ehre | den frauen ! | sie | flechten | und | weben | himm- 

LISCHE ROSEN | INS | IRDISCHE LEBEN | FLECHTEN | DER LIEBE | BEGLUCKENDES | 

BAND. [Honor the ladies ! they twine and weave heavenly roses into earthly 
life and twine the blessed tie of love.] Silver. Size 2 5 nearly. 

CCCCXIII. Obverse, A mother, seated, instructs a child silting before 
her, in reading, while she nurses the babe on her breast. A distaff, the 
emblem of a housewife's industry, leans against her seat. Legend, above, 
siJssE MUTTERPFLiCHT. [Sweet maternal duty.] In exergue, loos. Reverse, 
Inscription in ten lines, wem ein | tugendsam | weib | bescheret ist | die | ist 

VIEL EDLER I ALS DIE | KOSTLICHSTEN | PERLEN. | SPR. SALOM. 3 1. V. ID [WHo 

can find a virtuous woman, for her price is far above rubies. Proverbs of 
Solomon, ch. 31. v. 10.] Silver. Size 30 nearly. 

There is a Medal of Dr. Ehmsben of Osnabruck, refused a place by Merzdorf in 
his Catalogue, though alluded to incidentally as often added to Masonic collections, 
because he was a prominent and popular member of the Order. The obverse bears the 
portrait facing, of a very stout man, his coat buttoned across his breast, and wearing a 
ruffled shirt. Around is the inscription, ioh gottl. ehmbsen i. u. d. stadtricht. in 
OSNABRUCK GEB. D. II NOV. 1 773 GEST. D. "J. MAI 1827. The rcvcrse has a long and 
eulogistic inscription in nine lines, under a small triangle, through which passes a cornu- 
copia, all inclosed in a circle of forty-six six-pointed stars. The dies were designed by 
G. Loos, and cut by C. Pfeuffer, whose names appear on the reverse. Bronze, very thick 
planchet. Size 29. It was struck in memory of Dr. Ehmsben, who was President of 
the Municipal Council of Osnabruck, by friends, among whom were his Masonic 



MASONIC MEDALS. 163 

brethren, but has nothing distinctly Masonic about it, and is merely mentioned here, 
without special description, for the reasons given above. 

CCCCXIV. Obverse, A rose-bush with three roses. Legend, ex vul- 
NERE DECOR. [Honor from the wound.] In exergue, in three Hnes, soc. 
MURAR. HABIT. | III ROSAR. | 1 763. [Masonic Lodge of the Three Roses.] 
Reverse, A beehive and bees in a flowery meadow. Legend, scrutari 
PERicuLUM [A danger to be considered.] In exergue, in two lines, mag. eq. 
SCYTH. I 1753. These abbreviations I have not deciphered. Merzdorf, on 
whose authority I describe it, classes this among German Medals of doubtful 
existence, knowing it only from an engraving on the title of an " Address for 
the enemies of Masonry, 1753." 

CCCCXV. Obverse, A square and extended compasses, the points 
touching the ends of the arms of the square, enclosing a blazing star, five- 
pointed, (in the form of a pentalpha.) Reverse, Two pillars, between which, 
above, hangs a chain ; below is the sun, with a crescent moon above it, and a 
cross patee beneath ; on the left is a triangular level, and on the right, one of 
the ordinary form. In exergue, in four lines, d. XIV. Julii CI3 ID CCCXIII | 
vollendete XXV Jahre | d. □ z. w. Eintracht | im O. Schweidnitz. [The four- 
teenth day of July, 18 13, completed twenty-five years for the Lodge of True 
(Wahre) Harmony, Orient of Schweidnitz.] Iron. Size 26. (Figure 5o.) 

CCCCXVI. Obverse, On a platform approached by three steps, between 
two pillars surmounted with globes, is an altar ; on its face the square and 
compasses enclosed in a wreath, and in front of which on the pavement is an 
ashlar, a square, gavel, trowel, and level ; behind the altar are two youths, 
grasping each other's right hand, and the one on the left placing his arm on 
his comrade's shoulder. Outside the pillars on the left is a globe, and on the 
right a skull, from which spring three sprigs of acacia. Between the pillars, 
above, on a ribbon, zur wahren eintracht [Of True Union.] In exergue, 
small, lesser f. Reverse, Inscription in ten lines, l. i^hrige ] iubelfeier 

DER □ ZUR I wahren EINTRACHT | GESTIFTET AM XIV lULI | MDCCLXXXVIII | VOM 
BR : V : HERDA | GEFEIERT DEN XIV. lULI | MDCCCXXXIII UNTER DEM MST. | 

V : ST : BR. KREBS u : DEP : MST. I BR : HONNICKE. — [The fiftieth jubilee festival 



1 64 MASONIC MEDALS. 

of the Lodge of True Unity founded on the 14th of July, 1788, by Bro. Von 
Herda. — Celebrated, July 14, 1833,''*'' under its presiding Master, Bro. Krebs, 
and Deputy Master Bro. Hbnnicke.] Iron. Size 28. (Figure 5i.) 

CCCCXVII. Obverse, On an oval tablet, a cubic stone on a wall of 
masonry : on the stone is a grififin, segreant,^^^ having two tails, in his dexter 
paw a square, and in his sinister a crown and sword. The tablet is placed 
upon a seven-pointed star of formal rays, on which, grouped around the 
tablet, is a level and trowel on the left, a gavel and compasses on the right, a 
large square behind, showing one end on each side, a hat at the top,''*'' and a 
square as a Master's jewel, suspended to a broad ribbon, which surrounds the 
tablet, partly concealing the rays. Legend, ordq. frat. mur. sund. pom. f. f. 
[The Order of the Masonic Fraternity at Stralsund, Pomerania, caused this to 
be made.J Reverse, The sun and moon shining on the earth, which rolls 
between. Legend, itinere concordi [In harmonious march.] In exergue, 
5^7 (1763) Silver. Size 21. (Figure 52.) 

CCCCXVIII. Obverse, Clothed bust of Wieland to left, wearing a 
skull-cap. Legend, above, wieland. On the arm, very small, the letter f. 
Reverse, A sphinx to left, couching, on a platform of three steps, and holding 
a triangle in its fore paws. Around is a garland of roses, tied at the bottom 
by a bow, outside of which is the legend, dem lxxx. geburtstage die loge 
AMALiA. above, and weimar d. v. sept, mdcccxii. below. [For his eightieth^^' 

262 This date is of course an error in the die for 1838. to the Lodge Gustav z. d. 3 Strahlen, or Gustavus of the 
This Medal is engraved in Zacharias, Numoth. vii. 5. Three Rays. In " Sveriges och Svenska Konungahusets 
The Lodge is located at Schweidnitz, and holds under the Minnespenningar, &c.," (by Brol Emil Hildebrand, Stock- 
Grand Lodge "Royal York of Friendship." It is the holm, 1874,) it is classed among Swedish pieces, the dies 
same as that which struck the precedmg Medal. said to have been cut by G. Ljungberger, and the Medal 

263 The arms are said to be those of the city of Stral- struck by the officers and members of a Swedish Army 
sund, and the device of the obverse was the Lodge jewel. Lodge, when in Stralsund, during the Seven Years' War. 

264 The legend in full is Ordo Fratrum Muratorum Sun- See also page 104, Vol. II. of the same work. As this 
densis Pomeraniae fieri fecit. A few of these Medals were is the most recent as well as a most extensive and elab- 
struck, according to Zacharias, by the Lodge Eintracht, orate work on Swedish Numismatics, I think its state- 
of Stralsund, which became extinct in 1777, in commem- ments must be accepted. One of the Medals is in the 
oration of a convocation in that Lodge of Swedish Pythagoras Collection. 

Masons, at the close of the Seven Years' War, and pre- 265 This is engraved in Zacharias, Numoth. v. 3. Chris- 

sentedto those who attended. He intimates that the legend topher Martin Wieland was born at Overholzeim, near 

refers to the harmony which should prevail between mem- Bibrach, Sept. 5, 1733. He was long an opponent of 

bers of the Fraternity, wherever wandering; even though Masonry, and it is worthy of remark that he did not enter 

of different nations, often at war with each other, as the the Order until April 4, 1809, in his seventy-seventh year, 

sun and moon both illumine the earth, though moving in On his eightieth birthday he was presented with this Medal 

ditterent orbits. Merzdorf, in his Index, refers the piece by a deputation from the brethren of the Lodge He died 




PLATE XIV. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 165 

birthday. The Lodge Amalia, Weimar, Sept. 5, 18 12.] Silver. Size 21. 
(Figure 53.) 

There is another Medal struck in honor of Wieland, like that of Ehmbsen some- 
times added to Masonic collections on account of his intimate relations to the Order, 
but having nothing distinctly Masonic ; the obverse has a younger bust to left, by 
Abramson, and the full name of the poet above ; the reverse has a serpent twined 
around a mirror, and a short staff, its head having a bust. Legend, above, utile dulci, 
and below, natus, mdccxxxiii. Silver. Size 26. 

CCCCXIX. Obverse, Above two branches of oak and acacia crossed 
is a ribbon to which is suspended the jewel of the Lodge, — a nine-pointed 
star, on which are the square and compasses, surrounded by a circle, with 
□ z v L z w (for zur Vaterlands Liebe zu Wismar, the Lodge of Love of 
Fatherland, Wismar,) below which, in small letters, h. Schroder. Legend, 
above, a. o. v. vieregge. i— mstr. v. st. mitstifter. [A. O. von Vierregge, 
first presiding Master''^* and charter member,] and below, am xix. april 
MDCCCXix * Reverse, Two branches of rose, above which is a burning torch, 
and near it the inscription in two lines, xix. april | mdcccxliv. Legend, 

F. L. V. vieregge Pr. Gr. MSTR. MITSTIFT- + F. G. F. CRULL. D. Z. MSTR. V. ST. 

MiTSTiFT- * Struck for the quarter-centennial of the Lodge. Sihj<?r and 
bronze. 

CCCCXX. Obverse, A pair of spectacles above an open book, which 
has the inscription in six short lines, das | gan= | tze | ge= | heim | nDs [The 
whole secret.^^'] Reverse, A Masonic apron, with the lap turned up, and 
resembling a mantling, on which are the trowel, gavel, and tassel of a..^able- 
tow. Legend, der freym^uer [The Freemason,] Gold and sihjo^. Size 
14. The place of mintage of this piece is unknown,; 

CCCCXXL Obverse, A temple supported by four pillars and approached 
by three steps, on the front of the lowest the compasses slightly opened ; the 

at Jena, Jan. 20, 1813, and a Lodge of Sorrow was held 267 Geheimnus is the old spelling for geheimnis. Merz- 

Feb. 18, when Goethe, himself an initiate of the same dorf says that this piece, called the " Spott ducat, " dates 

Lodge, in 1780, gave a brief sketch of his life. back to about 1740, and is common in both metals. He 

266 The abbreviations are for Meister von stuhle, or states that he has learned from one authority that it was 

presiding Master in the chair, and Mitstifter, or charter struck by Count Zinzendorf, which seems to me to be 

member. Pythagoras Lodge has this in bronze. doubtful. Pythagoras Lodge has this in silver. 



i66 MASONIC MEDALS. 

door is closed ; in the pediment are two right hands joined, between a burning 
heart on the right, and the Bible on the left. The dome of the temple is 
surmounted by a blazing star, above which are stars and a radiant triangle, 
the sun on the right, and the moon in clouds on the left. In the foreground, 
on the right of the temple, a square, trowel, gavel, level, and acacia bush ; in 
the background a round tower having three stories finished ; from its parapet 
projects a crane, to which is suspended a stone ; in the distance is an ark on 
the water. On the left of the temple, in the foreground, the fallen capital of a 
column ; behind it, on a cubic stone, a beehive with swarming bees, shaded by 
a tree ; in the distance, a bridge over water.^*^ Reverse, A radiant sun, 
showing the face, and surrounded by a circle of thirty -seven five-pointed stars. 
This is, says Merzdorf, "a large copper medal, which is surrounded by a ring 
of brass, and was formerly in the possession of Zacharias, but is now in the 
Hamburg Collection." It is one of two engraved by Merzdorf, who gives its 
size as between 3 or 4 zoU ; its size as measured on the plate is 5o. It was 
said in the Catalogue of the sale of the Zacharias Collection, to be an Austrian 
Medal, but its place of mintage is unknown. Extremely rare, perhaps unique. 
CCCCXXII. Obverse, A bust to right in the costume of the last 
century ; on the arm, in small letters, i. c. Reverse, An obelisk illumined by 
the rays of the sun. Upon the monument, which is surrounded by various 
Masonic emblems, rests a shield, with a cypher of the letters i. c. s. interlaced. 
Silver. This Medal I describe from Merzdorf, who does not mention the size. 
The cypher he considers to be the initials of I. C. Schubarth, of Kleefelde.'*' 
Its place of mintage is unknown. 

268 Merzdorf draws largely on his imagination in the grades. Starburzanai is used in the Vulgate for Shethar- 
description of this piece : the tower he considers to be boznai, a ruler near the river Euphrates, (see Ezra, v. 3, 
partly demolished (zerstortem) ; from the ropes of the and vi. 6,) and it is possible that the description being 
crane he sees " Hiram's coffin " suspended, and Noah's given by one perhaps unfamiliar with the grade or its 
ark in the distance ; the tree on the left is the tree of life, ritual, the name of a neighboring ruler has been given to 
the river is the "Starburzanai," and the bridge is that the stream. The engraving in Merzdorf, from which my 
" over which the twelve Apostles went to spread the true description is made, is executed by the CoUas process, and 
faith." From the "Royal Cyclopedia of Masonry," it in its minor details, is not very distinct, 
appears that the word Starburzanai is used in the sixth 269 This rare Medal, which Merzdorf knew from a sin- 
degree of the French rite, " Knights of the East," corres- gle impression in the collection at Rostock, he thinks was 
ponding to the Knights of the Red Cross, in the Comman- struck in honor of Schubarth, and to be the one alluded to 
dery, as worked in the United States. A similar degree by Kloss, who says, " On the 6lh November, 652, (i. c. 
is also found in the Ancient and Accepted Rite, and the 1 769, ) Schubarth was designated as Overseer of the Lodges 
bridge on the Medal is perhaps that symbolized in those and General Visitor of the Order, and a Medal of the 



MASONIC MEDALS. 167 

CCCCXXIII. Obverse, The Emperor Joseph II. decorated with an 
Order and seated in his imperial robes upon a throne ; before him stands the 
Pope and a Cardinal who hand the Emperor a coin for his inspection. Legend, 
above, wess ist das bildniss und die ueberschrift [Whose is this image 
and superscription.] In exergue, matth. xxii, v. 20. Reverse, A Freemason, 
having a trowel and square in his hand, returns the piece to the ecclesiastics, 
standing before him. Legend, above, so gebt dem kaiser, was des kaisers 
1ST UND gottes, WAS GOTTES IST. [Render therefore unto Caesar the things 
that are Caesar's,'''" and unto God the things that are God's.] In exergue, des 
kaisers [The emperor's.] Silver. 

CCCCXXIV. Obverse, A kneeling youth raises his eyes toward the 
sun ; near him stands an angel, who shows him a blazing star on which is the 
letter "^ In front of both are lying Masonic working tools. Legend, wer ist 
DER der den herren furchtet. [Who is he who feareth the Lord ?] Re- 
verse, A youth wandering in an open country ; before him is the rising sun, 
behind him, clouds of rain. Legend, er wird ihn unterweisen den besten 
weg [Him shall he teach the best way.] In exergue, PS. 25. (Psalm 25.) 
Silver.^'' 

CCCCXXV. Obverse, A mastiff, (mops''''') seated on a stone which lies 
upon emblems of the Order, an anchor and trident, surrounded by tw^o radiant 
circles. Reverse, Two columns on a platform, entwined with ribbon, on 

Order was given him. Pythagoras Lodge at one time in Hamm. Two other similar engravings are to be found 

had an impression, or rubbing, in foil of this Medal, but in ihe Hamburg Catalogue, page 322. Concerning the 

it has disappeared. Medal itself, which Hammerstein mentions, see Freyberg, 

270 This is literally " the Kaiser's, " i. c. the Emperor's. Freini. Taschenb. 1803, No. 169, where it is said that a 

The Medal I describe from Merzdorf, who makes the sheet, containing an engraving of these three Medals, had 

following comments upon it : " This was probably cut by been sent to the editor from Bohemia." 
De Ville, in the city of Strasburg, and two others also, 271 This piece was in Merzdorf's own collection ; he 

similar, one of which has for obverse, monks fishing for gives its weight, "about one loth ; " but does not mention 

sacks of money, instead of fishes, and a second with ob- the size. He considers it to be a premium for a Masonic 

verse, Ich bin Joseph euer Bruder." [I am Joseph, your school. Its date and mintage are unknown, but in Bode's 

Brother.] I do not find any mention of the reverse of "Almanach" for 1778, it is mentioned as having been 

these pieces, and therefore am unable to determine whether " struck for our Society, and needing no further explana- 

they are strictly Masonic or not, but from the Legend of tion." 

the last, that at least would seem to have a reference to the 272 The word Mops signifies a young mastiff, and the 

Emperor Joseph, who was a Freemason. Merzdorf (p. 42) name of Mopses was assumed by an association formed 

says: - " We ourselves have not seen these three pieces, in 1740 in the Catholic States of Germany after the Bull 

yet we know of three copper-plate engravings presenting of Pope Clement XII, by brethren who, unwilling to 

the same devices, which belong to the Lodge Baldwin of renounce the Order, were yet fearful of offending ecclesi- 

the Lindens, Leipzig, and to the Lodge of the Bright Light, astical authority; it professed to be devoted to the papal 



1 68 MASONIC MEDALS. 

which are two hearts ; behind them the rising sun, whose beams fall upon the 
hearts ; the background is filled with a landscape, on either side of which are 
towers and buildings. Legend, above, assez [Enough.] In exergue, in two 
lines, L. c. d. m. f. a. n. | ce io jan. 1745. [For, Loge Centrale de Mopses 
fondee a Nurenberg (or Nancy). Central Lodge of Mopses founded &c., 
Jan. 10, 1745.] Copper, scarce. 

1/ CCCCXXVI. Obverse, An altar, on which rests a globe. Legend, 
above, ,.C0MiTE non duce. [As a comrade, not as a leader.] Reverse, A 
square, scales, and sword, hanging to a ribbon. Legend, above, inter utrum- 
QUE TENE. [Hold thyself between the two.] Silver. Size 13. The place of 
mintage and date of this Medal are not definitely known.'" Merzdorf says 
it was struck in commemoration of the foundation of the " Knights of the 
Better Age," mentioned in a work by Kothen, in 1797, entitled, Augustine 
and Numa, and which I suppose bore some connection with Freemasonry 
similar to that of the so-called High Degrees. 

CCCCXXVn. Obverse, The bust of Minerva to left in helmet and 
armor ; on the helmet are two profiles, one facing to the left, of Leibnitz, the 
other, which faces to the right, that of Wolf. Legend, above, sapere avde 
[Dare to be wise.] Reverse, Inscription in nine lines, societas | aletophi- 

LORVM I AB I ERN. CHRISTOPHORO | S. R. J. COM. | DE MANTEVFFEL | INSTITVTA | 

BEROL. I MDCCxxxvi. [Society of Lovers of Truth,''* instituted 1736, by Ernest 

hierarchy, but in truth was nothing less than Freemasonry was instituted according to some accounts iu 1736, and 

under a less offensive appellation. "It was patronized seems to have been the fountain from which sprang (says 

by the most illustrious persons of Germany, and many Merzdorf) the Order of African Architects, "as far at 

Princes of the Empire were its Grand Masters. The mas- least as one may prove it from the Minerva, the device 

tiff was an emblem of fidelity and attachment. In 1776 used as a distinguishing emblem, or trade mark, of the 

the Mopses became an androgynous Order." For this printere Haude & Speners." Concertiing the society itself, 

information I am indebted to Mackey. " Dallwitz," says he refers the reader to an "Account of the Medal struck 

Merzdorf, " describes this piece incorrectly, giving the at Berlin for the Society of Aletophili, or Lovers of 

date 1741, and omitting the N in exergue. For an account Truth, 1740," and other works. Mackay, in his Lexicon 

of the Society the reader is referred to Lenning, Encyclo- of Freemasonry, has a full account of the Order of African 

pedia, II. p. 512." Merzdorf's impression came from Architects, which he says was instituted in Germany in 

Niirnberg, but its place of mintage is uncertain. 1767, and which published many important documents on 

273 It is mentioned in a Catalogue printed at Dresden, the subject of Freemasonry, (one of which I suppose to be 
April I, 1812, p 141. This Medal is in the Pythagoras that alluded to by Merzdorf,) and also for a long time 
Collection. decreed annually a gold medal, worth fifty ducats, to the 

274 The abbreviations are for Sacri Romani Imperii Co- author of the best memoir on the sul^ject of Masonry, 
mes. The Society of Aletophili, or Lovers of Truth, which This Medal I know only by this reference. It seems to 
must not be confounded with another, of French origin, have escaped the notice of Merzdorf. For an account of 
having the name of Philalethes, which signifies the same, the Philalethes, see Mackay's Lexicon, sub voce. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 169 

Christopher de Manteufifel, Count of the Holy Roman Empire.] Bronze. 
Size 29. 

CCCCXXVIII. Obverse, As CCCLXXXIV. a pyramid with Time 
flying near it, &c. Reverse, Inscription in six lines, bono auspicio | fratris 

MODERATORIS | CONSTANTINI | FELLNER VmDCCII | MERITIS TUIS ADPLAUDIT. 

[Under the happy auspices - of Brother and Presiding Master, Constantine 
Fellner, 58o2. It applauds your merit.] The dash separates the fourth and 
fifth lines. Silver. Size 32. Struck by the Lodge Unity, of Frankfort on 
the Main.=" 

In addition to these, which complete the list of German Masonic Medals 
described by Merzdorf, there are several others, of German origin, similar in 
character to those of Ehmbsen and Wieland, mentioned above, which are 
often included in the cabinets of collectors of Masonics, by reason of the 
intimate connection which the individuals in whose honor they were struck, 
bore to the Masonic Fraternity, Strictly speaking, these Medals have no 
connection with the "royal art," — for the brethren whose portraits they 
bear, or whose fame they preserve, were honored for their attainments 
in other directions, and not from their position in, or their services to the 
Brotherhood, — and on this account, I have, with hardly an exception, ex- 
cluded them, or given the reasons for admitting them. In this class, besides 
those alluded to above, Merzdorf places the two Medals of Bottiger, which 
I have described, one of Theden,^'* Bielefeld, Wendt, (1828,) Reinhold, the 
Grand Duke Friedrich Franz von Mecklenburg, (1837,) Prince Blucher, 
Herder,"" Gothe,'''^ Schroder,''^' and several others. Some of these I have 
seen, but they are none of them common, and aside from a few in my own 

275 Merzdorf mentions this piece as having come to his festival, in 1830. Findel (p. 523-5) says that after the 

notice by an engraving, while the preface of his work was adoption of the rite of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, as 

in press. revised by Schroeder, " all speeches, songs and arrange- 

276 Described in Note 215. ments of any consequence were first submitted to Goethe 

277J. G. Herder, so well known in German National for examination and approval." He wrote many of the 

literature, " was made a Mason during his sojourn in familiar songs of the German Masons. 

Riga, in a Lodge belonging to the Strict Observance, zum 279 There is a large oval Medal of Schroeder, (a cast ?) 

Scnwert, 1765-6, and was for a time an ofiScer in that assigned to 1837, in the Pythagoras Collection. He was 

Lodge." a distinguished member of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg, 

278 Goethe was a devoted lover of the Order. Initiated and his influence in framing the ritual of the Order as used 

St. John's Day, 1780, his semi-centennial anniversary was in German Lodges, and restoring its purity, was widely 

celebrated by the Lodge Amalia of Wiemar, on that felt. 



I70 MASONIC MEDALS. 

collection and Mr. William Poillon's, New York, I suppose the majority of 
them are .unknown in this country. 

A Medal was struck in memory of Klopstock, the distinguished German poet, 
similar in character to those mentioned above, and like them also placed by many 
collectors among Masonics. The obverse has his bust, to left, over which klopstock. 
Legend, geb ■ d- 2- july • 1724- gest- d- 14- marz- 1803. The dates are those -of 
his birth and death. Reverse, A female figure, wearing a mourning veil, leans over a 
harp on which she hangs a pall. The harp rests upon a book, and a wreath of laurel 
lies in front. In exergue, b. (very small.) There is no legend on the reverse. Silver 
and bronze. Size 26. It is not mentioned by Merzdorf, though Klopstock is well 
known as having been a zealous Mason. 

CCCCXXIX. Obverse, Bust to the right ; under it, very small, c. c. 
FEHRMAN. Legend, Patrick alstromer lib • bar ■ et eqv ■ [Baron and 
Knight.] Reverse, A pelican in her nest, nourishing her young with her 
blood. Legend, egenis propitior nullus. [No one kinder to the needy.] 
In exergue, in three lines, supremo sue magistro | ordo lib . mur • gotheb- | 
MDCCLXXXV ■ [The Order of tjte Freemasons of Gothenburg, to their Pre- 
siding Master, 1785.] Silvej/ Size 22.^'° 

CCCCXXX. Obverse, Minerva in clouds, holding in her right hand a 
spear, and in her left an oval shield, bearing the letter G. On the pavement 
at the right are a celestial globe, square, compasses, level, and charter or 
scroll, near which, in very small letters, d. f. the initials of D. Fehrman, the 
die sinker. Legend, above, tanto numine. [With such a deity.] In exergue, 
in three lines, in mem. des: et fel. nat. | gustavi princ. haer. | l. fr. mur. 
R. s. pos. [In memory of the desired and happy birth'*' of Gustavus, Prince and 

280 This Medal is in the Pythagoras collection. In Lodges of Sweden, or it may be of the rite of Strict 

MerzdorCs description there are two errors in spelling the Observance. I have not been able to ascertain this with 

legend on obverse. He had never seen it. The abbrevi- certainty. Prince Charles, afterwards Charles XIII., was 

ations on the obverse I take to be for Liber Baro et Eques, Grand Master at this time, and Grand Commander of the 

or Baron and Knight. Liber Baro, literally Free Baron, Scoitish rite, and called on CCCCXXXVI Sumnais Prae- 

is the equivalent of the Swedish and German title, Freiherr. feclus. The title Siipremus Magisler I find often used for 

Alstromer was the eldest son of Jonas Alstromer, a disiin- the presiding officer ni the bodies holding under the rite 

guished merchant, known in Swedish history as the of Strict Observance. 

"reviver of manufactures." Patrick was born in 1733, 281 The abbreviations are for In memoriam desider. 

and died in 1804. He, also, was a merchant, a man of atae et felicis nativitatis Gustavi, Principis (et) llaeridis, 

great liberality, and founded in 1771 a Musical Academy Liberi Fratres Muratores Regni Sveciae posuerunt. Gus- 

in Stockholm. He is called Presiding (Supremus) Master tavus was born on the 24th Jan. 1746 ; the date on the 

on the Medal ; possibly of one of the three Provincial Medal is in Old Style. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 171 

heir, the Freemasons of the kingdom of Sweden have struck this.] Reverse, 
A mosaic pavement, with the sun rising in the background. Legend, above, 
ET EXTiTiT LUX. GEN. I. [And there was Hght. Genesis i.] In exergue, in 
two lines, die xiii ianuarii | mdccxlvi. [Thirteenth day of January, 1746.J 
Gold and silver. Size 33 nearly. Struck by the Masons of the Lodge Saint 
Jean AuxiHare, in Stockholm, in honor of the birth of King Gustavus IIL, 
son of Adolphus Frederic,'^" and presented by Baron A. J. v. Hopken. It 
is scarce. 

CCCCXXXI. Obverse, An Egyptian landscape, with pyramids and a 
palm tree in the distance, the river Nile in the foreground, and Thermuthis, 
Pharaoh's daughter, rescuing Moses from the water ; behind her are two palm 
trees. Legend, above, servavit regia nata [The royal daughter preserved 
him.J Reverse, Inscription in nine lines, inter | publ- gaudia | ex sophia 

ALBERTINA | SVEC • REGIS PRIMOGENITA | INFANTULIS EGENORUM | PROSPEXIT PIE- 

TAS I LIB- FRATR- MUR • ] HOLMiAE • | 1753- [Devotion provides for the little 
infants of needy brethren of the Freemasons, amid public rejoicings on the 
birth of the first born daughter of the King of Sweden, Sophia Albertina, 
Stockholm, 1753.] Gold and silver. Size 23.^^3 Struck by the Lodges St. 
Jean AuxiHare, and Adolph Friedrich, to commemorate the founding of a 
Masonic Orphan Asylum, in honor of the birth of the Princess Sophia, (Oct. 8, 
1753,) the daughter of King Adolphus Frederic. Hildebrand, (ii. 311, note,) 
says the dies of this Medal were cut by D. Fehrman. 

The same author mentions the fact that the die of the reverse was 
recut in 1797 with slight differences, which may be distinguished from the 

282 Adolphus Frederic had been elected King of Sweden of Oldenburg, &c. See Hildebrand, Sveriges och Svenska 
in June, 1743, but had not yet ascended the throne, which Konungahusets Minnespenningar, &c., ii. p. 140. A copy 
did not become vacant until the death of his brother, of this work on Swedish numismatics, but little known, I 
Frederick I. in April, 1751. He was the son of Christian think, to American numismatists, (mentioned already in 
August, of Holstein, and married the Princess Louisa note 264) may be found in the Public Library, Boston. 
Ulrica, daughter of the King of Prussia, Frederic William 283 This Medal is in the Pythagoras collection, in 
I., in 1744. Andrew John Van Hopken was one of the silver, and in the Copenhagen cabinet and that of the 
Institutors of the Swedenborg rite in Stockholm, and for Grand Duke of Oldenburg in gold. Hildebrand, ii. 310, 
many years Prime Minister of Sweden. In regard to him after describing this Medal, says, the first year after the 
and others named- on Swedish Masonics, the reader is foundation of this Asylum twenty children were cared for. 
referred to a work entitled "Swedenborg Rite and the A house was bought June 6, 1756, and many of the Ma- 
Great Masonic Leaders of the Eighteenth Century." New sonic fraternity were assisted outside the house. It is still 
York Masonic Publishing Co. 1870. One of these Medals in a flourishing condition, and a noble charity of which 
is in the Pythagoras collection, in that of the Grand Duke the Fraternity in Sweden is justly proud. 



172 MASONIC MEDALS. 

original by the letters c. E. (for C. Enhorning, the die cutter,) which will be 
seen on the stonework on which the princess leans. This restrike is in 
silver, and of the same size. 

CCCCXXXII. Obverse, A soldier, who has lost his arm and leg, sits 
beside a trophy of weapons, cannon, sword, shield and flags, near a pyramid. 
In the sky are the crescent moon and stars. Legend, arefulla sar [Hon- 
orable wounds.J In exergue, 5^7 [i. e. 1762.) Reverse, On the segment of a 
globe are Masonic working tools, — the level, square, gavel, trowel, &c. Above 
is a radiant triangle, on which is the letter G. Legend, above, oss och dig 
TIL aminnelse [In remembrance of you and us.J and below, svenska armeens 
LOGE. [Swedish Army Lodge.J Silver. Size 16. Rare.=^* 

CCCCXXXIII. Obverse. Bust of Bohmann to right. Legend, frid- 
OTTO BOHMANN GROSSHANDL • I STOCKHOLM • Reverse, Inscription in seven 

lines. ARE PENNING | FOR OGEMEN | FRIKOSTIGHET | PA WARNLOSA BARN | AF ET 

TACKSAMT | FRiMURAR BARNHUS | SLAGEN 1 768 [Medal of honor for liberality 
to poor and unprotected orphan children, struck by the grateful Asylum for 
Orphans of Freemasons, 1768.] Bronze. Size 22. Scarce.''*' 

CCCCXXXIV. Obverse, Bust of Bierken to the right ; under which is 
the letter f, quite small, the initial of Fehrman. Legend, ioh • a bierken ■ 
R • sv • a cons • cancell ■ ET EQV ■ AUR. [John von Bierken, Arch Counsellor, 
Chancellor and Knight of the Kingdom of Sweden.] Reverse, On a platform 
approached by three steps, a sarcophagus, on which lie the ribbon and jewel 
(the square,) of a presiding Master. Legend, flendi copia dives [Worthy 
of a flood of tears.] In exergue, l. fr. mur. exs. s. eduard pr^ef. mer. 

284 Though Merzdorf describes this piece, with some 285 The abliievialioii on obverse is for Grosshandlare, 

errors in the legend of the reverse, he had not seen it. or wholesale merchant, the word being used in Sweden as 

I take the description from Hildebrand. (ii. 104,) who says a sort of title in addressing one engaged in business, 

the dies were cut by G. Ljungberger in Stralsund, and Merzdorf had not seen this piece, which he says was 

that the Medal was a badge of honor for wounded soldiere struck by the " Grand Land Lodge " of Sweden, and his 

in a Swedish army Lodge. One of them was formerly in description varies somewhat from mine, which is made 

the collection of Pythagoras Lodge. It seems to bear from an impression in the Pythagoras collection. He says 

some relation to CCCCXVII, being the piece alluded to the bu.st faces to the left, and that the inscription is in nine 

in the reference to Hildebrand in Note 264, as cut by the lines. The Medal was struck to comqiemorate a liberal 

same die sinker for a Swedish army Lodge. Stralsund donation by Bohmann, of $30,000 to the Orphan Asylum, 

(the capital city of Pomerania) was at that tune Swedish in .Stockholm, founded in 1753, on the birth of the 

territory. It has since been held by France, Denmark Princess Sophia Alberlina, daughter of Adolphus Frederic, 

and now by Prussia. mentioned above. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 173 

MORT. AD. MDCCLXXX. Bronze. Size 23. Merzdorf says this was struck by 
the " Grand Land Lodge of Sweden." I presume it is rare.^^^ 

CCCCXXXV. Obverse, Bust (nude) to right, of the Princess Sophia 
Albertina. In her hair, which is loose, is a string of pearls. ' Below, on the 
edge of the bust in small letters, c. fehrman. Legend, sophia albertina 
PRiNCEPS SVECIAE. [PHncess of Sweden.] Around the border is a row of 
pearls. Reverse. Within a closed wreath of oak, the inscription vasorum 
SORORI. [To the sister of the Vasas.J Near the lower border of the Medal, 
D. XXIV DEC. MDCCLXXXiii. Around the border a row of pearls as on the 
obverse. Silver. Size 23. Rare. This Medal was suppressed at first, on 
account of the equivocal meaning of the inscription of the reverse, which was 
suggested by the Royal Librarian, John Simmingskold, Notary, who fled the 
country the following year. This inscription, whether prepared maliciously or 
carelessly, led to the promulgation of an edict that no medal should thereafter 
be struck at the Royal Mint unless proposed by or with the approval of the 
Royal Academy of Arts, History and Antiquities. This Medal was struck> 
according to Merzdorf, by the Grand Land Lodge of Sweden, in honor of the 
care taken by the Princess, of poor orphan and houseless children, made so by 
a fire in Stockholm, Dec. 24, 1783. The reverse was restruck with slight 
differences.^*' 

CCCCXXXVL Obverse, Clothed half bust of Prince Charles to the 
right, wearing the ribbon of an Order. Below, in small letters, liungberger f- 
Legend, carolus d- g- regn- svec pr- haer- et dux suderm. [Charles, 
by the grace of God, Prince and heir of the kingdom of Sweden, and Duke 
of Sudermania.] Reverse, A blazing six-pointed star over a cubic altar 
which stands upon a mosaic pavement, and is surrounded by Masonic 

286 The abbreviations in the legend on the obverse will not accurate; mine is from an impression in the Pythagoras 

be readily understood. The exergue may mean. The collection. 

Freemasuns in honor of the memory (exsequias ?) of the 287 For the facts regarding this Medal I am indebted 

Master (Praefectus) of St. Edward's Lodge, deceased to Hildebrand, ii. 312. Merzdorf knew of the existence 

A. D. 1780. Mer. is too indefinite to interpret ; probably of the piece from an impression in the Rostock collection, 

it is some Latin equivalent of Worshipful. After long but had not seen it. Vasa means also a lewd woman, 

search I have not been able to f5nd a list of Swedish That Simmingskold intended an insult, seems proved by 

Lodges of so early a date, and offer this interpretation his subsequent conduct : after flying from Sweden, he 

merely as a conjecture. The Medal is not mentioned by went to Germany. In 1786 he was deprived of his rank as 

Hildebrand. Merzdorf has a brief description which is a noble, and in 1796 he died in prison in Saxony. 



174 MASONIC MEDALS. 

emblems, — on the left the square, in front, leaning against it, a level, and a 
trowel on the right : the compasses and plumb-line entwined in front of the 
level. Legend, luce fida et constante. [With faithful and constant light.] 
In exergue, in three lines, summo praefecto | lib. fr. mur. svecl | mdcclxxxvil 
[To the Grand Master of the Fraternity of Free Masons of Sweden, 1787.J 
Silver and bronze. Size 36. This Medal was struck at Stockholm by the 
Grand Land Lodge ^^' of Sweden, in 1787. and presented to the Grand Duke 
on St. Charles's day, (January 28,) 1788. 

CCCCXXXVn. Obverse, Draped bust of King Gustavus IIL, upon a 
cubic stone, the front of which is adorned with a blazing star formed by two 
triangles interlaced. On the left is a naked figure of Time ; he extends his 
left hand upward towards the bust, as if addressing it, while his right he places 
on his breast ; his hour-glass has fallen behind him on the left, and his scythe 
upon the right. The cubic stone, or altar, rests on a mosaic pavement, and 
its base is surrounded by various Masonic working tools — the level, square, 
gavel and compasses on the right, and the trowel and plumb-line in the fore- 
ground. On the left, just above the exergue, in small letters, fehrman. In 
exergue, mdccxcii. Reverse, Inscription in seven lines, uproriska | wapen 

OMRINGADE | MASTARN WID MIDNATT | III GUSTAF LEFDE SARAD | XIII DYGN DOG 

BEGRATEN | WID FULL MiDDAG | XXIX MART. [Rebellious weapons surrounded 
the Grand Master at midnight. Gustavus III. lived, wounded, thirteen days. 
He died lamented at high noon, on the 30th March.] Silver. Size 32. The 

288 Merzdorf knew of its existence as he did of the the Crown. Prince Charles at this time was Heir presump- 

previous one, from an impression in the collection of the live, as Gustavus IV. wasnot born till 1778. This explains 

Provincial Grand Lodge at Rostock ; he gives only the the title on the Medal. He was chosen Grand Master 

legend of the reverse. Hildebrand, ii. 276, gives essen- in 1773, as I infer from the reveree of CCCCXXXVIII, 

tially the same description, except that he says the obverse where his death and long service in the Order are com- 

has the name fehrman under the bust. I describe this memorated. He was Grand Commander of the Scottish 

piece from personal examination of the Medal itself in the rite in 1770. The Grand Lodge of Sweden suffered from 

Pythagoras Collection. Their Catalogue names a variety the pretensions of other bodies claiming to possess "high 

which I think was mislaid or has disappeared, which was degrees," especially the rile of Strict Observance, but in 

possibly from the dies cut by Fehrman, and the one men- 1780 it was revived, the Duke chosen Grand Master, and 

tioned by Hildebrand : which was the original I cannot installed with all the honors, four hundred brethren, with 

say, as Hildebrand seems to have known nothing of an- the King al their head, participatmg. From this time 

other. Prince Charles was a younger son of Adolphus forward, says Findel, Freemasonry in Sweden has met 

Frederick and the Princess of Prussia ; he was born 1748, with marked consideration. On the assassmation of his 

made Duke of Sudermania (or Sudermanland) in 1772, a brother, Gustavus IIL, mentioned on the next Medal, he 

title apparently somewhat similar to that of Prince of became Regent during the minority of Gustavus IV., and 

Wales in England, being generally borne by the Heir to on the abdication of that ruler in 1809, he was elected 



MASONIC MEDALS. 175 

dies of this Medal were originally cut by C. G. Fehrman in 1794, though the 
piece bears an earlier date, (that of the assassination,) and it was struck in the 
Royal Mint in Stockholm. The dies were afterwards recut at the cost of the 
brethren, says Hildebrand. with funds gathered by a negro, who was under 
the protection of the Princess Louisa Ulrica, and who bore the title of " His 
highness, Louis Gustaf Albert Badin." The original is very rare."^' 

CCCCXXXVin. Obverse, Bust of King Charles to right, under which 
in small letters, m- frumerie. Legend, caroujs xiii rex sveciae et nor- 
VEGIAE [Charles XIIL, King of Sweden and Norway.] Reverse, An altar- 
tomb, on the pedestal of which are two weeping genii, with reversed and 
expiring torches. Between them, at the foot of the tomb are Masonic working 
tools. — the square, compasses, gavel, trowel, and level. Legend, above, 
^TERNUS TAMEN. [Yet eternal.] In exergue, in four lines, protectori et per 
XLV ANN. I SUPR- MAG- | L- FR • MUR • svECi | MDCCCxviii • [Protector and for 
forty-five years Grand Master of the Masonic Fraternity of Sweden, 1818.] 
Gold and silver. Size 34. Struck by the Grand Land Lodge of Sweden, in 
Stockholm.^" 

King by the Diet, and ascended the throne as Charles excellence of the work of the Masonic Fraternity." He 

XIII. had married, in 1774, Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte, the 

289 See Hildebrand, ii. 202. I have an electrotype of daughter of Frederick Augustus, of Holstein-Gottorp. 
the original of this piece, from which I describe it. King Having no children, he named Marshal Bernadotte as his 
Gustavus III. is styled Master on the Medal, though he heir, who succeeded him as Charles XIV. He died Feb. 
relinquished the chair of the Grand Lodge, I believe in 5, 1818. I describe the Medal from an impression in the 
1772, when Prince Charles succeeded him. In the Swe- Pythagoras Collection. Merzdorf possessed one of them, 
dish Grand Lodge, I am informed, the reigning King but his description has some literal errors. King Charles, 
holds the position of Grand Master in his own right. He - on this Medal, is said to have been "Grand Master for 
is the same whose birth was signalized by the striking forty-five years," which would carry the date of his ac- 
of No. CCCCXXX ; he succeeded to the throne on the cession back to 1773. It seems impossible to harmonize 
death of his father, in February, 1771, and was crowned by the usage of American Grand Lodges, the Masonic 
May 29, 1772 ; during a war with Russia in 1788-90, he rank assigned on these Swedish Medals to the Princes in 
extended the royal prerogative and arrested the leaders whose honor they were "struck, with the statement of Ma- 
of the opposition, which excited great indignation, and at sonic historians. According to Findel, the King delivered 
a masquerade at the Opera House in .Stockholm, on the to his adopted son and successor, Charles John, the gavel 
evening of March 16, 1792, disregarding a Masonic warn- of office, and at the same time, (May 27, 181.1,) founded 
ing which he had received, he was encircled by con spira- the Order of Charles XIII, " which is restricted to Free- 
tors and assassinated by a pistol-shot in the side from masons. This was .seven years previous to the date of 
Ankarstroem, and died the 29th of the same month. The ■ this Medal. A similar difficulty exists as to the earlier 
allusion in the inscription to Masonic tradition will be years of his Grand Masterehip, when the Grand Lodge 
recognized. was languishing, or dormant. These discrepancies can be 

290 The legend of the reverse isj from Ovid. Hil- explained only on the theory that Masons in all the 
debrand, ii. 291, remarks that "the eulogist of King various rites practiced in Sweden— the Strict Observance, 
Charles, in the Grand Lodge, said, that with his own the Swedish, so called, and that of Swedenborg — ac- 
hands, while Grand Master, he had written the laws and knowledged the King as the highest Masonic power. [.See 
by-laws of the Order, and attested the immen.se value and also Note 280.] 



176 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCCCXXXIX. Obverse, Bust of King Charles to the right, under 
which in small letters, l. p. lundgren (the die sinker.) Legend, carolus xiv 
JOHANNES REX svEC. ET NORV. suPR. MAG. ET PROTECTOR. [Charles XIV. John, 
King of Sweden and Norway, Supreme Master and Protector.] Reverse, On 
the right is an altar, formed of a cubic stone, on which is a crown ; a sword 
and sceptre rest upon a cushion ; the face of the altar bears the letters xxv — 
alluding to the quarter century for which he had reigned — surrounded by two 
palm branches ; on the pedestal lie the square, compasses, and level. Near 
the altar is a standard, bearing the emblem of the Grand Master's rank. On 
the left is the radiant sun. Legend, above, havd diminvto splendore [With 
undiminished lustre.] In exergue, in three lines, in mem. anni jubil.ei| 
MDCCCXLiii I LL. FR. MUR. svECi. [In memory of the Jubilee year, 1843, the 
Swedish Freemasons have struck this.] Surrounding the field, in a border 
divided into eight parts, are the words, septe * mtrio | * | ori ♦ ens | ♦ | 
MERi ♦ DIES I ♦ I occi * DENS | * [North, East, South, West.] Gold, silver, 
and bronze. Size 36.°'' 

CCCCXL. Obverse, Bust of the Crown Prince Oscar to the right, 
wearing a mantle, which is fastened over his shoulder, under which in small 
letters, m. frumerie. Legend, jos. franc, oscar. pr. haer. sv. et norv. dux 
SUDERM. [Joseph Francis Oscar, Prince and heir of Sweden and Norway, 
Duke of Sudermania.J Reverse, A young eagle, flying upwards, towards a 
star, which throws its rays upon a circular temple standing on a rock rising 
above the waves. Legend, juventas et patrius vigor. [Youthful and pater- 
nal strength.] In exergue, toga vir. sumta 4 jul. 181 7. l. fr. mur. gra- 
TULAR. [Assumed the "toga virilis," (i. e. became of age,) July 4, 181 7. The 
Masonic Fraternity congratulate you.] Size 32. This Medal is extremely 
rare ; a few impressions were struck in lead, before the dies were hardened, 
eight of which are said to have been sold in Stockholm, in 1857. One in 

291 Charles XIV., or Charles John, better known per- by the Grand Land Lodge, of which he was Grand Master, 

haps as Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, the distinguished commemorates the quarter centennial year of his reign, 

soldier and Marshal of France under Napoleon, - was He died March 8, 1844. I describe the piece from an 

chosen Prmce Royal of Sweden by the Diet in August, impression in the Pythagoras Collection. Merzdorf had 

1810 ; on the death of Charles XIII. he was crowned one, but he gives the name of tKe die cutter as Lvndberg. 

King of Sweden at Stockholm, and of Norway at Dron- It is Lundgren on the Pythagoras Medal. See Hilde- 

theim, in 1818. This Medal, struck in 1843, at Stockholm, brand, ii. 349. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 177 

bronze (a galvano-plastic or electrotype copy,) is said to exist in the Royal 
Cabinet.''^ 

CCCCXLI. Obverse, Within a wreath formed half of acacia and half of 
myrtle, are the letters C and % beneath princely crowns. Legend, in augus- 
Tos PRiNciPUM CAROLi ET LUDOviCAE HYMENAEOs * [In honor of the auo-ust 
nuptials of Prince Charles and* the Princess Loiiisa.J Reverse, Two hands 
clasping each other within a radiant circle, over an altar, on which lies a royal 
crown ; on a horn of the altar is suspended a garland of myrtle ; and upon 
its front is the letter G in a star formed by a double triangle interlaced. 
Near the base are a cubic stone, gavel, trowel, &c. In the distance are 
mountains and fir trees.. Legend, aurea Venturis, sol porrige gaudia 
LUSTRis. [Literally, Extend, oh sun, golden joys through their future years.] 
In exergue, ll. fr. muratores sveci d. xix junii mdccgl. [The Masonic 
Fraternity of Sweden, June 19, i85o.] Below, in very small letters, p. h. l. 
(for P. H. Lundgren, the die sinker.) Silver. Size 28.'" 

CCCCXLI I. Obverse, Bust to right, nude, of Charles XV. below which, 
in small letters, lea ahlborn. Legend, carolus xv rex sveciae et norve- 
giae [Charles XV. King of Sweden and Norway.] Reverse, On a mosaic 
pavement are two columns with globes on their capitals, over which falls a 
cable-tow, with a love-knot in the centre, and tassels hanging at the ends. 
Between the columns is a cubic altar, on which is the Master's gavel and a 
palm branch. On the face of the altar is a blazing star formed of a double 
triangle, in which is the letter G. On the pavement lie Masonic working 
tools, — trowel, square, compasses, level, — and two crossed swords. Legend, 
LABOREM CUM PALMA MUTAViT. [He has exchanged labor for reward.] In 
exergue, Aeternae memoriae mag. sup. et s. v. defuncti lib. fr. mur. prov. 

292 This Medal was intended to commemorate the of his father's coronation. He succeeded his father, as 

coming of age of the Crown Prince Oscar. In conse- Oscar I., March 8, 1844, and died July 8, 1859. 

quence of an error in the die of the reverse, gratul.'^r, 293 This Medal was struck in honor of the nuptials of 

for GRATULAB, (abbreviation of Gratulabundi,) the issue of Prince Charles, (who was at that time the Grand Master, 

the Medals was forbidden liy the Royal Academy of Arts. "Stormastare," of Sweden.) with the Princess Wilhelmina 

Prince Oscar, afterwards O.scar I., King of Sweden, was Fredrika Alexandra Anna Louisa, of the Netlierlands, in 

born July 4, 1799. He was made Duke of Sudermania Stockholm, June ig, 1850. He was appointed Regent 

when his father, Charles XIV., was chosen Prince Royal of by his father in September, 1857, and succeeded as Charles 

Sweden m 1810, and was declared of age on his eighteenth XV. in 1859. The description I translate from Hilde- 

birthday. He became Grand Master in 1818, the year brand, ii. 455. 



1/8 MASONIC MEDALS. 

IX. MDCccLxxii. [To the eternal memory of the deceased Grand Master, and 
Vicar of Solomon, the Brethren Freemasons of the Ninth Province have 
struck this, i?>y2.~]'^^ Gold and silver. Size 36. Struck in 1873 at the Royal 
Mint. 

CCCCXLIII. Obverse, Bust of King Oscar to left : under it, in very 
small letters, a- lindberg- Legend, oscar ii rex sveci^ et norvegiae- 
[Oscar II. King of Sweden and Norway.] A circle of "pearls" surrounds 
the legend at the edge. Reverse, The facade of a large building, three stories 
in height, with the front adorned with pilasters, and a wing advanced on each 
side ; the centre and wings have each a separate dome or roof Legend, 
^DES LIBER • FRATR • MURATORUM • [Temple of the Brethren of the Free 
Masons.] In exergue, in two lines, holmi^ adoristata | mdccclxxvi. [Dedi- 
cated, (literally, adorned) at Stockholm, 1876.] Near the lower edge, curving, 
A • lindberg • Silver and bronze. Size 34.°'^ 

Merzdorf describes another Swedish Medal, of Hedlinger, by himself, which has on 
the obverse his bust, nude, to the left, and under it in small letters AATOM Reverse, 
A full curtain hanging from a rod, in heavy drapery, covers nearly the whole field. 
Above it in small letters, rND.01 CEAYTON [Know thyself.] In exergue, an owl's 
head, facing, and wings.^s^ I have an impression of this Medal in type metal, or some 
similar alloy. Size 23 nearly. I see nothing Masonic in this piece ; the fallen curtain 
suggests mystery, but that, of course, has no necessary allusion to the Fraternity. 
Merzdorf probably describes it on account of the connection of Hedlinger with Free- 
masonry, and I find it placed with Masonics in German Catalogues. 

294 The "Ninth Province " in the rite of Strict Obser- been elected to Honorary Membership in the Boston Nu- 

vance is Sweden. The Swedish rite varies considerably mismatic Society and others of kindred objects in America, 

from the riles practiced in America, England, or France, and of the Imperial Art Academy, of St. Petersburg. 
For information on this point the reader is referred to 295 Oscar II., the reigning King of Sweden, has mani- 

Findel's History of Freemasonry. In the rite of Sweden- fested the same interest in Freemasonry that endeared his 

borg, which has modified the. Swedish rite, the highest predecessors to the brethren. For a fine electrotype of 

degree is Master Regnant, which is limited to very few, this Medal, struck on the completion and dedication of the, 

and the presiding officer of which must be the King of Masonic Temple in Stockholm, and which is quite scarce, 

Sweden, whose title is Stadtholder or Vicar of Solomon. I am indebted to the kindness of Mr. G. F. Ulex, of 

(Vicarius Salomonis.) The fact that the dies of this Medal Hamburg, Germany. 

were cut by a lady, deserves mention. Madame Lea 296 Of this Medal an engraving of both obverse and 
Ahlborn, the engraver of this piece, is the daughter of revei-se will be found in Plate I of a volume published at 
Lundgren, who cut the dies of the preceding number, and Basle, 1776, entitled " Hedlinger Oeuvre, par Mechel." 
is now the chief medallist at the Royal Mint, Stockholm. Johan Karl Hedlinger, bom at Schwitz, 1691, was a fa- 
She is known to American numismatists from her beautiful mous engraver of Medals ; after a short residence at Paris, 
Medal in honor of J. J. Mickley, and is doubtless the only he was called to Stockholm in 1719. He died at his birth 
lady engraver of dies of any note ever known. She has place in 177 1. 



MA SONIC MEDALS. 1 79 

CCCCXLIV. Obverse, Arranged around a circle, at equal distances 
from each other, are the emblems of the seven planets ; below them, the 
figures I to 7. Above are the words, muhr free, followed by a sevenfold 
rainbow, on which are the seven planets, and the letters aeton. lmnr. dbts. 
The rainbow spans a landscape, on the right side of which in the distance is a 
city and fortress, towards and in front of which a vessel on the left is sailing. 
Below is 5785 neujerusalem in gros mahyar (?) r. f. In the centre, between 
these two designs are the letters, edJo. The planets indicated by the figures 
1,4, 5 and 6 are united by lines which extend across the entire field, and 
form two triangles of unequal sides. No. 7 is connected by a pointed square 
with a point near 6. Reverse, In a circle of planets similar to that of the 
obverse, is the legend, reects deenst good dordien ediog warst gotdligs 
or geslegits horst so as kind sien ohr so bust dien ohrdeel. This, 
Merzdorf, from whose description I translate this, renders as follows : — Serve 
thou God aright, according to thine oath ; become of the divine family, listen 
as a child to His word ; so He whispers His will. In the centre are three 
perpendicular lines, of which the first, that on the right, is divided into three 
parts ; at the top of it is the sun, and at the bottom the moon ; the second, 
that on the left, is divided into five parts, and has at its top an eye, and at the 
bottom an ear : the third or centre line has the astronomic emblem of Saturn 
at the top, and a ring of " pearls " at the bottom. On the centre of the field, 
GdT On both sides the outer border is a chain of ears. This Medal is of 
copper, and two zoll in diameter, about 32 American scale. An impression 
was in Merzkorf's collection, and in that of the Lodge Minerva of the Three 
Palms in Leipsic. "As to whether my interpretation of the inscription is 
correct," he remarks, " we must leave for others to determine." '"^'' 

2^"] It seems not improbable that this Medal bears some lent History. The Swedish rite is a mixture of Free- 
allusion to either the Swedish rite or that of Swedenborg. masonry as practiced in the ancient Lodges of England 
Merzdorf places it among the pieces which he says bear and Scotland, with the Templarism of the Strict Observ- 
some apparent relation to Masonry, and it perhaps belongs ance, Rosicrucianism, (which has nothing to do with the 
to some of the mystical or high degrees which were manu- Rose Croix grade,) and some infusion of the rite of 
factured so extensively on the Conlinent, near the close of Swedenborg. In one degree of the Swedish rite, says 
the last century, by members of various Lodges, who Findel, " the New Jerusalem is painted on a caipet, hav- 
hoped thereby to gain some influence or authority over ing twelve gates." Gustavus III. is credited with its rise 
their brethren. The pernicious effect of these degrees on and cultivation in his knigdom, where it is now almost 
genuine Masonry is clearly shown by Findel in his excel- exclusively practiced and whence its name is derived. Its 



i8o MASONIC MEDALS. 

He also mentions, as sometimes placed in Masonic collections, the follow- 
ing, none of which I have seen: — a medal of Rumpf; one of King Frederick, 
175 I ; of Armfeld, 1804; of Baron Von Adierbett, 18 18, " and others beside," 
which he does not name. Of these pieces which he regards as " not having 
a Masonic origin," he gives no description. 

CCCCXLV. Obverse, A pyramid, or obelisk, adorned with Masonic 
emblems. Legend, concordia unione. In exergue, 1749. Reverse, A 
pyramid on which is the letter K, crowned, above two crossed gavels. Legend, 
ET CLEMENTiA iNSTAURATA. [The legend seems to read from the obverse to 
the reverse, — Erected by harmony, union and kindness.] In exergue, 1749. 
I describe this from Merzdorf who does not mention the size or metal. He 
gives the weight as " \ loth," from which it would appear to be quite small. 
He places it, with some doubt, under Copenhagen, uncertain whether it is 
Danish or not. Some assign it to a Provincial Lodge erected in Copenhagen 
in 1749, by Korff, the Russian Ambassador.^'^ 

" Among Danish Masonic Medals," saj'^s Merzdorf, " some also place one 
struck on the coronation [Salbungfest] of King Frederick V. of Denmark, 

foundation is undoubtedly French, where the influence of Medal. By the Hermetic or Gnostic philosophers who 

the rites named above was early felt, and their claims claimed, with no belter foundation, the sole possession of 

maintained with the greatest persistence. It had nine the true secrets of Freemasonry, "talismans," which were 

degrees. Zinnendoif, who acquired most of the degrees ofien Medals, struck or engraved, were often used; these 

as worked in Sweden, also prepared a rite wliich is in were full of Masonic symbols. I have seen an engraving of 

many respects essentially the same, and which is worked in one which has the sun, moon, and five stars, representing 

the Lodges of Germany under the obedience of the Grand the seven planets. It seems more probable, however, that 

Land Ixjdge of Germany, founded by him. Alchemistic this Medal bears a nearer relation to the eighth degree of 

and Rosicrucian fables were incorporated into the higher the Swedish rite, which in particular is said to be 

degrees of this rite also, as well as some of the tenets thoroughly impregnated with Rosicrucian and Alchemistic 

and symbols of the Christian faith. I find myself, after learning, than to any other, and I therefore place it with 

considerable study into these rites, and their peculiar Swedish Medals. 

teachings, no better able to decide the question of the 298 T. A. Korff was the Russian Ambassador to Den- 
particular Masonic character of this piece, than was Merz- mark at this time, and Findel says that ' Masonic light 
dorf, who could not interpret it ; but I am strongly in- was first kindled in Denmark in 1743, when Baron Munich 
clined to believe that it bears a similar relationship to the founded a Lodge in Copenhagen. Its first work was the 
Swedish rite, that the degrees of the Commandery do to initiation of the Russian Ambassador. ' Jan. 13, 1745, the 
Freemasonry in America. In the twenty-eighth degree of Lodge took the name of St. Martin, and not being regu- 
the Ancient and Accepted rite, (Knight of the Sun,) the larly constituted, worked in accordance with ancient 
jewel bears several planetary signs ; the Metropolitan usage, and did not receive a formal charter till 1749. In 
Chapter of France had a system which it called the Ma- honor of the reception of Korff, some have supposed this 
sonic Zodiac, in which there were a series of twelve Medal was struck, but this theory is not fully established, 
degrees, named after the Zodiacal signs ; there were some The Lodge was afterwards united with one which had 
similar degrees in the rite of Mizraim. These are men- sprung from it, and after the union took the name of 
tioned to show the number of "degrees" claiming re- " Zorobabel of the North Star," under which title it is 
lationship with Masonry, which used the symbols on this stili working. 



MASONIC MEDALS. i8i 

Sept. 4, 1747, by Heinrich Wilhehn Marshalch,=59 at Fredericksburg, Seeland, 
as also the Medal with the reverse Misurati of Peter Schumacher, (Count Von 
Greifenfeld,) and the funeral Medal of J. A. Von Korf, of the year 1766." 
The second piece which he names, I suppose to be the same with one in Mr. 
Poilhan's collection, described as follows : — 

/ CCCCXLVI. Obverse, The compasses somewhat extended, and a 
ribbon or scroll, bearing the word misurati [measured?], passing between the 
legs. Reverse, A naked female figure, holding a veil or streamer, blown by 
the wind, and partly covering her. She stands lightly with one foot upon a 
globe. Legend, reverenter habe [Conduct thyself with reverence.] Silver. 
Size 18. I know of no other specimen of this Medal in this country. 

Merzdorf mentions still another Medal, the weight of which he gives as " -^f Loth," 
or nearly an ounce, which Appel, IV. i, p. 534, No. 1938, gives as an English Masonic, 
but which plainly appears, from its inscription, to be merely a Danish Prize Medal for 
Sunday Schools.^"" 

CCCCXLVII. Obverse, Within several engraved lines a female figure, 
walking, who holds in her right hand a level, and in her left the square, 
compasses and plumb. In the back ground, on the right, a ruin. Legend, 
GOTT VERBiNDET, HEiLET, GRUNDET [God bindeth up, healeth, establisheth.j 
In exergue, i75i. Reverse, A building resembling a temple on the left ; 
above, is St. Michael slaying the dragon. Legend, rath kraft u. held. 
[Counsel, strength and heroism.] In exergue, in two lines, in zions zeit | 
PS. 24. V. 8. [In Zion's time.^"'] On the band above the exergue, 1762. 
p. H. G. This Medal was ,of unknown mintage to Merzdorf, from whom I 

299 Baron, H. W. Von Marschall was initiated into sondagsskolen. [For industry in Sunday School.] It 
Freemasonry in London, and afterwards in France into is surprising that it should have been called a Masonic by 
the Templar Masonry of the time, and transplanted that one so well informed as Appel. 

Order into Germany. He was active in the same direction 301 I consider that the reference in the second line of the 

in Denmark also, but finally transferred whatever powers exergue belongs to the legend, and not to the words "In 

he had acquired to Von Hand, and himself withdrew Zion's time." This reference seems to be to the closing 

from all participation in Masonry, and died in 1759 or part of verse 8 of Psalm 24, "The Lord strong and 

1762. The " funeral Medal " of Von Korf, I have been mighty, the Lord mighty in battle." The word held 

unable to find any description of. would then perhaps be better translated ' mighty in battle, ' 

300 The obverse has an altar, on which stands an an- the literal meaning being a champion. I have no explana- 
tique lamp, and against which leans a level, with the tion to offer of this piece, the obverse only of which seems 
legend above in two lines, LYS | fasthed siKKERirED to be clearly Masonic. It is found in the Rostock and some 
[Light, steadfastness, safety,] and in exergue, 4., MAI. other collections, and I judge is rare. There was a Lodge 
1800. Reverse, Inscription in four lines, FOR | FLIID | I | "St. Michael " in Schwerin, in 1754. See CCCCVII. 



1 82 MASONIC MEDALS. 

describe it. He probably had a cast only, from the Zacharias collection, and 
mentions neither size, metal, nor the occasion for which it was struck, placing 
it among those pieces which have " an apparent connection with Masonry." 

CCCCXLVIII. Obverse, St. Andrew, upon his cross. Reverse, The 
sacred candlestick of the Jewish tabernacle with its seven lights. A cast of 
this Medal was formerly in the collection of Zacharias, and Merzdorf mentions 
it, in some doubt as to whether it is merely an amulet, or a Medal of one of 
the numberless high degrees. The latter seems more probable,'"" and I 
am inclined to attribute this piece to some body working under the Swedish 
rite. The size and metal I have not ascertained. 

CCCCXLIX. Obverse, Truth "as represented by the antients, under 
the form of a woman in flowing robes, with a mirror in her right hand, her 
left leaning upon a shield, which has upon it the face of the sun, and which 
rests upon a broken rock. Around her are Masonic implements ; and to the 
figure is added a veil, which hides part of her face, and which is alluded to in 
the inscription quamvis velata Veritas, this being most applicable to Free- 
masonry, which is also the truth although it be veiled." '"^ Reverse, 
" The Freemasons' Arms, with an escutcheon of pretence, bearing the Union, 
(or hand in hand,) to denote the Lodge to which it belongs," 

CCCCL. Obverse, Bust in profile, to left, wearing a coronet, with 
alternate strawberry leaves and fleurs-de-lis ; on the shoulders a narrow collar 
of ermine. Legend, dominus. illuminatio. mea. [The Lord my light.] 
Reverse, A shield, quarterly ; i and 4, an open book, having six seals attached 
to the left cover, between three crowns, two above and one below. 2 and 3, 
on a chevron between three castles a pair of compasses extended. The 
colors are not indicated. Crest, The sun in splendor. Legend, sit. lux. et. 
LUX. ruiT. [Let there be light, and there was light.] Silver and silver gilt. 

302 In a previous note it lias been mentioned ttiat St. Union Lodge, No. 370, of Exeter, England, and was 
Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, is often alluded designed by John Chubb, of Bridgewater. The passages 
to in certain degrees of the Scottish rite, in those of the describing it, are so quaint, that I have preferred to give 
French or modern rite, in that of Sweden, and in that of them as I find them in Hughan, (Masonic Register,) who 
Ziiinendorf. The seven-branched candlestick is also an names as his authority, "Frontispiece and description, 
emblem on some of the French Medals, especially those of ' Trewman's Principles,' 1777, (Exeter.)" This may have 
the Rose Croix chapters. See XCII. been an engraved Medal, though that does not appear. 

303 This Medal, I learn from Hughan, was worn by Hughan does not mention the size or metal. 




33 



52 




'^"'[""'"'Tw'^ 
CCCCXVIl. Obv. 




CCCCXVIII. 



S2 




CCCCXVIl. Rev. 




PLATE XV. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



183 



Size 26. I know of only two impressions of this Medal in America, and have 
not seen it mentioned by any English writer. The obverse shows a slight 
crack in the die, from the first l in illuminatio running in front of the profile 
to the shoulder. I believe it to be rare. It is mentioned by Merzdorf, by the 
legend only, as being in the Rostock collection.^"* (Figure 54.) Most, if not 
all of these Medals are pierced, and have a shell-shaped loop, by which they 
were worn suspended to a ribbon. 

CCCCLI. Obverse, A female figure seated, nearly facing, but her head 
turned towards a boy, who kneels beside her on observer's right, holding 
books under his arm : on the left, beside her, is a girl standing. Above is 
a radiant triangle, on which is the All-seeing eye. In exergue, curving, 
MDCCCXxx. Reverse, Inscription in ten lines, honorable | testimonial | of | 



304 This bust, which has a full beard and moustache, I 
suppose to be intended for Alfred the Great, and if this be 
the case, the Medal is probably one struck for Alfred 
Lodge, of Oxford, England, chartered in 1814. (No. 649 
in 1831, and 425 in 1855, on the Register of the Grand 
Lodge.) The Arms of the University of Oxford as given 
by Burke, are " Azure, on a book open proper, garnished 
or, on the dexter side seven seals of the last, between three 
open crowns of the second [ ? or,] the words Sapientia 
Felicitas. Latterly these words have been changed to 
Dominus Illuminatio Mea, also the words Principio erat 
Verbum et Verbum erat apud Deum. " The second motto 
as given by Burke, forms the legend on the obverse of the 
Medal, and the first and fourth quarters so closely resemble 
these Arms, that I think there can !« little doubt as to the 
Lodge to which the Medal should be assigned. 

The device of the three crowns has so much of Masonic 
interest connected with it, and appears 6n a Medal shortly 
to be described, that it seems proper to mention some 
points in regard to it, which I have learned in my efforts 
to trace the origin of this Medal. These emblems are 
used in Royal Arch Masonry, as practiced in England in 
many Lodges as an appendage to the third degree, but 
here they are usually placed one over two. [See fig. 40, 
illustrating CCLXIL] They were also displayed upon the 
Arms of the city of Cologne, alluding to the three Kings, 
who brought gold, frankincense and myrrh to the infant • 
Saviour, and whose relics are said to be preserved in the 
Cathedral of that city. Perhaps it is from this fact, that 
some numismatists have considered this Medal as having a 
Continental origin, and belonging to the llluminati, and 
have found as they suppposed, some corroboration of this 
theory in the legends : I am satisfied that this is entirely 
without foundation. The .three crowns, (or, in pale on a 
field azure,) were also the ancient Arms of the Kingdom 
of Swdeen. Their chief Masonic interest however arises 



from their use by the "Grand Lodge of All England." 
Mr. Hughan has kindly sent me rubbings from the 
original seal of this Grand Lodge, which was formed 
about 1725 by the old Lodge that had for many years 
assembled in the city of York. It is elliptical, and has 
within a border formed by a double trefoil, a Norman 
shield with three crowns, two over one; above the top of 
the shield, but within the border, A. D. 926, and on a band 
surrounding it, the legend, SIGIL : FRAT : EBOR : per 
EDWIN : COLL : >J« [The seal of the Brethren collected 
at York by Edwin, A. D. 926.] This seal was double, 
having a reverse, or counter-seal, also elliptical in form, 
and bearing three crowns, as on the obverse, but no shield, 
and on a band the legend, sigillvm edwini northvmb : 
REGIS [The seal of Edwin, King of Northurabria.] On 
an open book, at the top, or possibly a fold of the ribbon, 
which the rubbing is not sufficiently perfect to enable me 
to decide, are the square and compass^. In his Masonic 
Register, p. 26, Hughan calls the counter-seal, the seal, 
by an oversight, doubtless, as the first is clearly the true 
seal, while the other was used probably from ils historical 
associations, and as indicating the source whence the Arms 
were derived. 

Prince Edwin, the son of Athelstan, as Masonic tradition 
informs us, collected the Fraternity of Masons in the city 
of York, in 926, when the famous Charter of York was 
"received, discussed and accepted by the Lodges of Eng- 
land." (See Rebold, pages 48 and 347 et seq.) From an 
engraving before me of Arms as displayed on a jewel or 
seal of Humber Lodge, No. 57, Hull, (in Yorkshire,) 
England, which was originally an "Ancient" Lodge, I 
find that this has in the first and fourth quarters, on a field 
azure, three crowns in pale, or. It would be foreign to 
our plan to discuss the question suggested as to whether 
there is any connection between these Arms, but it might 
be profitably investigated by the Masonic Antiquary. 



1 84 MASONIC MEDALS. 

MASONIC CHARITY | AND BENEVOLENCE | INSTITUTED | BY H. R. H. AUG : FRED : | 

DUKE OF SUSSEX | M : w : GRAND | MASTER. " Protected by a glass on each 
side. Engraved on the rim is the name of the Steward, and year of qualifica- 
tion. "3°5 Gold and silver gilt. Size 24. 

CCCCLII. Obverse, In form, a star of five points, — one at the bottom ; 
between the two at the top an Earl's coronet, (alluding to the Earl of Zetland, 
who was M. W. Grand Master when it was struck.) Between the other 
points are flames. On the centre of the star, a representation of the new 
Masonic Buildings, (Freemasons' Hall, Great Queen Street, London,) over 
which the legend, inaugurated 14 april 1869, and below, on a scroll of 
three folds, audi, vide, tace. [Hear, See, Be silent.] Surrounding the 
centre is a circle with a space for a name above, and * steward ♦ below. 
Reverse, " Medallion portrait of the ' Earl of Zetiand,' Grand Master," Silver. 
Size, between extremities of points, 24.3°^ 

CCCCLIII. Obverse, A radiant star of five points, of gold, (one at the 
bottom,) surmounting another of silver, the points of which are much more 
obtuse, and appear between those of the first. On the centre is a circular 
tablet bearing a portrait bust of the Grand Master, (the Prince of Wales,) to 
the left. Around the tablet a circle of blue enamel, bearing the legend, above, 
INSTALLED and below + mdccclxxv. + At the top, the Prince's plumes in 
silver, coronet in gold, and motto, ich dien in gold letters on a scroll of blue 
enamel. Reverse, Not described by Hughan, from whose engraving I take 
the above, but I presume, bearing the name of one of the Stewards of the 

305 This Medal, alluded to by Meizdorf, but which he it, denoting the number of times the brother may have 

had never seen, I describe from an engraving in Hughan's served as Steward, a second personal subscription of a like 

Masonic Register. In an account of the piece, (p. 34,) he amount being required before any clasp can be added, 

mentions many interesting facts in regard to it. The fig- and the same for each additional clasp. It is a highly 

ures re]5resent a widow and orphans. It is known as the esteemed and honorable distinction, being one of the very 

" Charity Jewel," and can be worn only by a brother who few Medals permitted to be worn in the Grand Lodge of 

has served as Steward " to any two of the following Insti- England. 

tutions, viz. 'The Royal Masonic Institution for Girls,' 306 This I also describe from a plate in Hughan, except 

'The Royal Masonic Institution for Boys,' 'The Royal the reverse, which I quote from him. It was, he says, 

Masonic Benevolent Institution,' and provided he shall at (p. 36,) "struck in honor of the opening of the new Ma- 

the time of so serving have personally subscribed, as to sonic Temple, and presented to ' some 130 Stewards for 

each of the two Masonic Schools, ten guineas at the least, the Festival, lo whom the Jewels were distributed at the 

aud as to the ' Royal Masonic Benevolent Institution,' ten Grand Lodge, ist September, 1869, the names of the 

pounds at the least." It is worn with a ribbon of prescribed brethren being printed in the Proceedings.' " The size I 

colors, showing the direction in which his charity has been give is that of the engraving, 
bestowed. There are also clasps which may be worn with 



MASONIC MEDALS. 185 

Festival, a large number of whom were appointed to aid in carrying out the 
arrangements of the Installation, April 28, 1875. Hughan says, " 368 jewels 
were struck by Bro. H. T. Lamb by order of the Grand Lodge, to commemo- 
rate so important an event, from an elegant design by Sir Albert W. Woods. 

The jewel is suspended from a ribbon of the Swedish colors, the 

M. W. G. M. having been initiated in 1868 by his Majesty the King of 
Sweden." Size, as engraved, between opposite points, 26 nearly.^"' 

CCCCLIV. Obverse, " Bust of H. R. H. the Prince of Wales in bold 
relief." Reverse, Inscription in eleven lines, installation | of h. r. h. | 

ALBERT EDWARD | PRINCE OF WALES | AS GRAND MASTER | OF | ENGLISH FREE- 
MASONS I APRIL 28 1875. I LOYALTY AND CHARITY. Gold, silver, and bronze. 
Size 32 nearly.^"' 

CCCCLV. Obverse, On the centre of the field an oval shield, formed 
by a wreath, presumably of wheat and olive, bearing azure, three crowns or, 
(two over one,) after the York " Grand Lodge of All England."^"' Supporters, 
two cherubim, facing, like those on the Arms of the United Grand Lodge. 
Crest, The Ark of the Covenant, with a cherub bending over it on either 
side, and a radiant triangle on which is the All-seeing eye above. Motto, on 
a ribbon, mn'^bioTp [Holiness to the Lord,] and below it ^? 1 Legend, On a 
crimson garter in gold letters, lodge ■ of • antiquity • acting • by • immemo- 
rial ■ constitution ■ LONDON A border of gold surrounds the garter, and on 
a small projection at the bottom, 1843. Reverse, On the centre of the field 
the Arms of H. R. H. the Duke of Sussex,^"" as follows : — 

I and 4, gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or, (for England.) 2, or, a lion rampant 
within a tressure, flory counter-flory gules, (for Scotland. ) 3, azure, a harp or, stringed argent, 
(for Ireland.) Differenced with a label of three points argent, bearing two hearts in pale between 
two crosses, gules. Over all, an escutcheon of pretence, per pale and per chevron, i, gules, 
two lions passant- guardant, in pale, or, (for Brunswick.) 2, or, semee of hearts proper, a lion 
rampant azure, armed and langued gules, (for Lunenburg.) 3, gules, a horse courant, argent, 

307 Hughan gives some further interesting particulars in issued by Bro. George Kenning, P. M. 162, London, in 
regard to the Medal and the occasion, which was that of commemoration of the Royal Installation, 1875." 

the. Installation of Albert Edward, as successor to the 309 See Note 304. 

Marquis of Ripon. [See p. 37 of his Register.] 310 As the Medal displays the Arms in. their proper 

308 The description of this Medal I take from Hughan, colors, I have thought it might be interesting to insert the 
(Masonic Register, page 31,) who says this was "lately full heraldic description. 



1 86 MASONIC MEDALS. 

(for Saxony.) Crest, alien, statant guardant, or, imperially crowned. Supporters, Dexter, a 
lion rampant guardant, or, imperially crowned ; Sinister, a unicorn, argent, armed, unguled and 
crined, or ; gorged with a coronet composed of crosses patee and fieurs-de-lys, to which a chain is 
attached, passing over the back, all gold. 

Below the supporters a ribbon, azure, for the motto, which does not appear 
on the jewel as engraved. Encircling the field, the garter, azure, on which in 
gold letters, honi • soit • qui mal • y . pense. [Dishonored be he who thinks 
evil of it.] Around all is a gold rim, with small projection bearing the date 
1 846 at the bottom as on the obverse. The Medal is attached to a ducal 
coronet of gold, and was worn suspended from a crimson ribbon having a 
border of green. Gold, or silver-gilt, and enamel. Size, as engraved, 30. 
This is known as a " Royal Medal," having been instituted in January, 1813, 
by H. R. H. the Duke of Sussex, then and till his death in 1843, M. W. 
Grand Master.^" 

CCCCLVI. Obverse, A diadem of gold, sustaining the " Prince of 
Wales's feathers," in silver, irradiated with gold, and surrounded by a garter 
of blue enamel, and the motto honi soit qui mal y pense in gold letters. 
Reverse, Plain, for engraving. The Medal is attached to the Prince's coronet, 
which differs from the imperial crown in having a single instead of a double 
arch, and the cap of crimson instead of purple velvet. The latter addition to 
the Medal was granted as a privilege by the present Prince. This like the 
preceding is known as a " Royal Medal." It is of gold, (the feathers being in 
silver,) and enamel. Size as engraved, 24. It is the badge of the Prince of 
Wales Lodge, No. sSg, London, the membership of which is very limited.^" 

CCCCLVII. Obverse, On a purple field, the radiant sun in gold. Legend, 
On a circle of white, surrounding the field, grand master's lodge, n° i. in 
gold letters.3'3 This is attached to a crown, of the variety known in heraldry as 

311 See CCLIX, CCLX, and CCLXI. This Medal 312 Hughan gives not only an engraving of this Medal, 
was conferred as a mark of distinction on Master Masons but also a brief yet very interesting account of the Lodge, 
raised in the Lodge of Antiquity, London, which previous and some privileges attached to the jewel, 
to the "Union," stood first on the Roll of Old Lodges. 313 The Lodge to which this Medal belongs as its 
Hughan gives many interesting facts in regard to this peculiar badge, formerly possessed some singular and ex- 
Lodge and its Medal. As it is a regulation of the Lodge elusive privileges, which have long ceased to be enjoyed. 
that " the sum the Medal costs is returned by the Lodge, It is No. i on the roll of the United Grand Lodge, though 
either on the broiher honoured ceasing to subscribe, or there are several others which outrank it in antiquity. See 
on his demise to his representative, when the jewel is Hughan, Register, p. 41. 
returned," the Medal is almost unknown to coUectoi-s. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 187 

an Eastern crown, (having long points.) Reverse, Plain, for engraving. Gold. 
Size as engraved, 24. 

CCCCLVIII. Obverse, On a field of blue enamel, an escutcheon bear- 
ing or, within a tressure a lion rampant ; in chief a label of three points, 
surmounted by a ducal coronet. The colors of the tressure and the lion are 
not designated in the engraving.^'* Below the escutcheon, two crossed 
branches of thistle, with the flowers. Legend, on a gold border, royal 
SOMERSET HOUSE AND INVERNESS LODGE. • Reverse, On a ground of blue, as 
on obverse, a hunting horn of gold suspended by a cord, and below, on a 
scroll of gold, the words immemorial constitution. Legend, on a gold 
border, united with the old horn lodge n?- 2 10™ January 1774 + On 
the rim, engraved, "Royal Inverness Lodge, No. 648. The First Lodge con- 
secrated under the United Grand Lodge by the M. W. the G. M. H. R. H. 
the Duke of Sussex, 1 814." Gold and enamel. EHiptical. Size, (as engraved,) 
26 by 32. 

CCCCLIX. Obverse, A star of eight points, the edges serrated, having 
a circular tablet on the centre, bearing the square and compasses in gold, 
surrounded by a garter of blue, on which is the legend in gold letters, royal 
alpha lodge. At the top is the coronet of the Prince of Wales in gold, 
nearly concealing the upper point of the star. Reverse, Not described by 
Hughan, but probably plain for engraving a name, &c. Silver. Size, (as 
engraved) between opposite points, 32.^"= 

CCCCLX. Obverse, " A monument to St. Alban." Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in fifteen Hnes, s. albano. | inter, anglos | artis. | architectionicae | 

CLARISSIMO. I PATRIARCHAE CCETUS | EJUS. | NOMINE DESIGNATUS. | POST. XX. 
lustra. I FELICITER. EXISTENS. | HODIE. | DEDICARI GAUDET. | PRID. KAL. FEB. | 

A. L. VDCCCXxxi. I A. D. MDCCCXxvii. [The Lodge bearing his name and now 
after a hundred years still flourishing, feels proud of having been dedica1;gd to 

314 Hughan, from whose book I describe this Medal, allusion is to the Scottish title, (Earl of Inverness,) which 

says these are the Arms of the Duke of Somerset. They was borne by the Duke of Sussex, Grand Master at the 

do not correspond, however, with the Arms of that family time when "Royal Inverness " Lodge was chartered. 

(Seymour) as given by Burke. The lion rather resembles (1814.) 

that of Scotland, which is rampant, and surrounded by a 315 See Masonic Register for an engraving, and page 49 

tressure ; the thistle and the name Inverness show that the of the same for an account of the Lodge. 



1 88 MASONIC MEDALS. 

St. Alban, a most illustrious patron of the Masonic Art in England, Feb. i, 
A. L. 5831, A. D. 1827.J Gold. Elliptical. Size, as described,^''* 29 by 35 
nearly. 

CCCCLXI. Obverse, The square and compasses, of gold, within a circle. 
Legend, centenary royal Cumberland lodge, 1833. Reverse, Not des- 
cribed by Hughan, but probably plain for engraving. The size and metal of 
the "circle" he does not mention. The Lodge is No. 41, and located at 
Bath, England. 

CCCCLXII. Obverse, A double triangle braced, within a circle. Legend, 
centenary 586i, no. 90, lodge of economy. Reverse, Not described by 
Hughan, but probably like the preceding.^'^ I have not ascertained the size 
or metal, but suppose it to be a silver medal. 

CCCCLXin. Obverse, The " strong man " (Atlas,) with a globe on his 
back, standing on a mosaic pavement between two pillars ; the one on the 
left has Masonic working tools on its capital, and a five-pointed star on the 
left ; that on the right has a ladder extending from its capital towards the All- 
seeing eye above ; on the right is a cluster of stars, and a small square and 
compasses. In exergue, the strong man | lodge, in two lines. Around 
the edge is a coil of rope, or cable-tow, of silver. Reverse, Plain for engrav- 
ing. Locket form, silver, protected by glass.^'^ Size, 28 nearly. 

CCCCLXIV. Obverse, Between two pillars surmounted by globes, and 
standing on a mosaic pavement, is a female figure seated, surrounded by 
children, typifying Charity. Above is the All-seeing eye. The ground work 
is blue enamel. Legend, In gold letters on a border of dark blue enamel, 
royal YORK LODGE ou the left, and of perseverance on the right. At the 
top, on a band of lighter blue, dividing the legend, i/Si, and at the bottom, 
centenary. The Medal is surrounded by a wreath, composed of wheat on 

316 Masonic Register, page 50, which also gives a brief Lodge was founded in 1734. The Medal is made by Geo. 
sketch of the history of the Lodge,— St. Alban, No. 29. Kenning, London. It has occasionally been used for 
St. Alban was, according to some authors, President of presentation, when the name of the recipient has been 
the Roman Guild of Masons. engraved on the back. One was presented July 3, 1834, 

317 The numljer of this Lodge was changed to 76, in at the close of its first cehtury of existence, " to Bro. W. 
1863. It is located at Winchester, England. Simpson, two years Master of this Lodge, as a token of 

318 This is an old Medal of the "Strong Man Lodge, respect for his zealous exertions and general support to 
London," and being worn without authority from the Masonry," as appears from the inscription engraved on 
Grand Lodge of England, is considered " irregular." The the reverse. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 189 

the. left, and acacia on the right : between the stems at the bottom the number 
7 in gold on blue enamel : the Medal is surmounted by the coronet of H. R. H. 
the Duke of York, the top having a cross patee instead of a tassel. Reverse, 
Plain, for engraving.^-? Silver gilt (?). Size of the Medal, (as engraved,) 24 ; 
the jewel measures 32 including the wreath. 

CCCCLXy. Obverse, Within an ornamental border, the Arms of the 
Grand Lodge. Reverse, On a platform approached by three steps are two 
pillars, and between them a candlestick having three branches.^^" Above are 
the sun, moon, and a blazing star, while on the sides are various Masonic 
implements. This Medal is placed by Merzdorf under the date 1843, as 
probably struck at London. He had never seen the Medal, which he men- 
tioned was No. 180 in the Sale Catalogue of the Zacharias Collection, where 
it was called a Medal of the Grand Lodge of England. An impression is in 
the Dresden collection, but I have learned nothing more about it. 

CCCCLXVL Obverse, A Mason, surrounded by his working tools, 
cuts upon a monument the inscription in three lines, immortalitati | ordi- 
Nis I MDCCLXXVI. [To the Immortality of the Order, 1776.] Legend, liber. 
FRATR. ARCHITECTONIC. LONDiNENS. ♦ [The brethren of the Free-Masons, 
London.] Reverse, The sun, irradiating a cubic stone, which is encircled by 
a serpent, and upon which lies a sprig of acacia. On the stone in small 
letters, kirk. Legend, non est mortale quod opt. [What thou desirest is 
not for mortals.3''] Silver. The size of this Medal I have not ascertained 
Merzdorf gives its weight as " two loth." 

319 This is one of the special Centenary Medals des- Merzdorf, who had one of these Medals, and from whom I 
cribed and engraved in Hughan. The Royal York Lodge take the description, says it was struck for the French 
of Perseverance was warranted by the "Moderns" in Lodge "L'Immortalite," of London, about 1766, and is 
1776, and in 1832 united with an old Lodge chartered by mentioned in the Free Mason's Almanac, 1768, page 42 
the "Ancients" injuly, 1751, which entitled it to date (Amsterdam). I have not been able to find any French 
back to that time. An outline of its history is given Lodge bearing that name, and have no doubt this Medal 
in the Masonic Register, from an engraving in which I was struck for the Lodge "Immortality of y= Order," No. 
take my description. 376, chartered June 16, 1766, changed to No. 303 in 1770, 

320 I think it probable that there is an error in Merz- which met at "the Crown and Anchor, Strand, where the 
dorf 's description, wliich I presume is copied from the Grand Lodge was at that time accustomed to meet ; but it 
Zacharias Catalogue; he says, ein dreiarmiger Leuchter . seems to have become extinct in 1781, as its number no 
This should perhaps be three candlesticks. longer appears on the roll. I presume the Medal is scarce, 

321 The legend of the reverse is the well known reply though tliere are impressions or casts in the collections 
of Phoebus to Phaethon, in Ovid, the whole line being of the Apollo and Minerva Lodges, Leipsic, in the Ham- 
SORS rUA MORTALIS; NON EST MORTALE QUOD OPTAS. burg and Rostock cabinets, and some others. 



igo MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCCCLXVII. Obverse, " Neptune on a chariot of gold, within an irra- 
diated star on blue enamel" suspended from a square and compasses. Legend, 
NEPTUNE LODGE, NO. 2, CENTENARY. Reverse, Probably plain for engraving. 
This description I take from Hughan, who does not mention size or metal. 
It is a special Centenary Medal of the London Lodge named. 

CCCCLXVIIL Obverse, A terrestrial globe, of gold, having 23 at the 
South Pole, placed on a light blue star of enamel, having five points, which 
rest on a circle. Legend, (I understand on the circle,) globe lodge estab- 
lished 1723. Reverse, Not described, but probably as the preceding. '" 

CCCCLXIX. Obverse, The square and compasses, and a sword, the 
emblem of St. Paul's martyrdom, in relief on blue enamel. Legend, saint 
Paul's no. 43, centenary, 1833. Reverse, Not described, probably as the 
preceding.3°3 Gold. Elliptical. 

CCCCLXX. Obverse, On an elliptical tablet, St. John the Baptist, with 
his arm thrown over a lamb standing on a bank at his left. Below the tablet 
on a ribbon, audi . vide . tace • [See, hear, be silent.] Legend, On a band 
surrounding the tablet, s'^ . john ■ the • baptist • lodge • n° • 39 • Reverse, Not 
described, probably as the preceding.^"* Gold. Elliptical. 

CCCCLXXL Obverse, St. John the Baptist in the wilderness, with 
mountains and a river in the distance ; his left hand is extended as if preach- 
ing, and his right holds a long crozier. Surrounding the field is a wreath of 
acacia on the left and of wheat on the right, with 70 at the top. Reverse, 
Plain for engraving. The medal is suspended by a five-pointed star, enclosing 
the All-seeing eye and surrounded by formal rays, to a bar and ribbon.^^'s 
Gold. Size about 24. 

CCCCLXXIL Obverse, A female figure, representing Britannia, in gold, 
on a ground of blue enamel. Legend, Britannia lodge centenary 5865. 

322 This is another of the special Centenary Medals of engraving sent nie since the publication of his Register by 
English Lodges described by Hughan. It is worn by the Bro. Hughan. The Lodge is the oldest in Devonshire, I 
Globe Lojjge, No. 23, of London. My description is from believe. 

Hughan's Register. 325 Another Centenary Medal, and belonging to St. 

323 Special Centenary Medal of St. Paul's Lodge, No. John's Lodge, No. 70, of Plymouth, England. My des- 
43, Birmingham, En|;land, as described by Hughan. cription is from Hughan's Register, and an engraving of 

324 1 his IS also a Centenary Medal of the Lodge named, the Medal sent me by that gentleman. Some interesting 
located at Exeter, England. My description, which varies facts on the ancient charter of this Lodge will be found in 
in the legend from that given by Hughan, is based on an the work mentioned. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 191 

Reverse, As the preceding.^^* The Medal is attached by the square and 
compasses (small) to a ribbon and bar. Size and metal not given by Hughan. 

CCCCLXXIII. Obverse, Fortitude, one of the " four cardinal virtues," 
depicted as a brother placing his right hand on a fire which is kindled on a 
pedestal. Around are various Masonic implements, and above is the radiant 
All-seeing eye. Reverse, As the preceding.^''' Gold. Size not given by 
Hughan, from whom I take this description. The Medal is attached to a 
crown by which it is suspended to a bar having A. L. 'S']'2(j, and ribbon. 

CCCCLXXIV. Obverse, A circle on which is a lozenge bearing a five- 
pointed star of blue enamel. Reverse, Plain, for engraving. Below the 
Medal is a small circle, with 82, the number of the Lodge. It is worn sus- 
pended to a ribbon and bar, the latter bearing the name of the Lodge, foun- 
dation 1753.3^^ Gold. Size not given by Hughan. 

CCCCLXXV. Obverse, A silver star of seven points, on which rest 
two circles enclosing the inscription restoration lodge centenary 1861. 
The number, iii, is placed within a wreath on blue enamel, above being a 
crown. Reverse, Similar to the preceding.'"' I quote this description from 
Hughan's Register. 

CCCCLXXVL Obverse, On a field within a circle, a representation of 
St. George slaying the dragon. Legend, above, St. George's lotise. and 
below, 1^? U2 ^. %. 5Z62. Reverse, Plain for engraving. Silver. Size about 
18. The Medal is placed on a five-pointed star of gold. "° 

CCCCLXXVn. Obverse, Phoebus Apollo, in a quadriga ; around, on 
a circle, the twelve signs of the zodiac, surrounded by a serpent devouring its 
tail. Reverse, Engraved."' The Medal has a sunken field of gold ; the 
serpent is of silver. Size about 24. 

326 Another Centenary Medal, and belonging to Britan- 330 This description also I take from Hughan's Register, 
nia Lodge, No. 139, of Sheffield, England. modified slightly by an engraving of the Medal which he 

327 This is the Centenary Medal of the Lodge of Forti- has kindly sent me since that book was published. 

tude, No. 105, Plymouth. England, and some inleresting 331 This is a Centenary Medal of the Old Umoji Lodge, 

notes are given by Hughan concerning the early history of (now No. 46,) Holborn, London. If there is any legend 

the Lodge in his Register. on the obverse it is not mentioned by Bro. Hughan. who 

328 This is the Centenary Medal of Foundation Lodge, has kindly sent this description. To show the manner of 
No. 82, of Cheltenham, England. engraving the reverse of these Medals, he gives the follow- 

329 This Medal is a "Special Centenary '' of the Lodge ing as the inscription on those struck m 1835. With 
named, located at Darliugton, England. permission of His Royal Highness the Duke ot bussex, 



192 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCCCLXXVIII. Obverse, A serpent devouring its tail, interlaced with 
a knot"' (in form a cipher of two figure eights) of rope, on the centre the 
letter C, (for Centenary,) all enclosed in a circle of blue enamel, on which is the 
name of the Lodge and the date of its charter or origin, in gold letters. 
Reverse, Plain ; " it is usual to have the name of the Brother engraved on 
the reverse." Gold and silver gilt. Size, as engraved by Hughan, 22. 

The design of this Medal was suggested by Sir Albert W. Woods, Garter, an 
officer of the Grand Lodge of England. It is worn suspended by a light blue ribbon. 
Since 1867 this Medal has been worn by all Lodges which have attained the age of a 
century, and have made proper application to the Grand Master for the privilege. In 
Bro. Hughan's work the names of seventy-four Lodges which have this privilege are 
given, but it seems unnecessary here to enumerate them, except to mention that the 
" Strong Man Lodge," whose earlier Centenary Medal (CCCCLXIII) is described above, 
is one, and very likely others that have worn Special Centenary Medals will in time 
adopt this, if they have not already done so. 

In this connection, it may be worth while to mention several other Centenary 
jewels, which appear to be badges, rather than medals. Those already described are all 
as I understand from Mr. Hughan, struck from dies, or composed of a struck medal 
united with a star or circle which may have been cut out ; in some cases the letters are 
not left in relief, but the field is filled with enamel, to a level with the face of the letters. 
Albion Lodge, No. 9, of London, have a Centenary jewel described as follows : — a five- 
pointed star enclosing an Egyptian lily is suspended from a scroll tastefully arranged in 
the form of a circle, on which it rests ; the latter bears the inscription, " Albion Lodge 
Centenary, A. D. 185 1." It is made of gold, or silver gilt, and enamel, and was designed 
by Bro. W. Moring. From this description I class it as a jewel, merely, not properly a 
medal, and do not number it. 

The Lodge of Amity, No. 137, of Poole, England, have a badge, consistiag of a 
plain circle of gold, on which is engraved "A. L. Centenary 5869" (A. L. for Amity 

M. W. G. M. worn by Bro. in commemoration of 332 I have not found a knot exactly like this named in 

the Centenary of the Old Union Lodge No. 54, 11 June any work on Heraldry with which I am familiar. It dif- 

'°3S- fers from the Bourchier knot, which somewhat resembles 

bmce 1 877 the reverse has been engraved thus : — - " Old two figure eights side by side, in having the figures inter- 

Union Lodge, No. 46. On the nth of June, 1835, the laced, and it seems to be merely intended as a graceful 

Brethren were permitted by the M. W. G. M. to wear arrangement of the "cable-tow," and to signify that the 

this Medal in commemoration of the Centenary of the Old flight of centuries strengthens the tie. The serpent is the 

Union Lodge, and by Warrant June loth, 1877, the privi- well-known emblem of eternity. It is customary to wear 

lege was extended to all members by His Royal Highness these Medals suspended by a ribbon to a clasp, which 

the Prince of Wales, M. W. G. M." occasionally beai-s a name, date, or some similar device. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 193 

Lodge) ; in the centre is a dolphin on blue enamel. I am not sure whether any portion 
of this Medal is struck, but presume not, and so do not number it. 

There are two "Jubilee Medals" mentioned by Hughan, worn, one by Harmonic 
Lodge in St. Thomas, West Indies, the other by Australian Lodge, Sydney, New South 
Wales, in honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary of these bodies, but I have been unable to 
obtain any description of them. They are the only two of the kind, so far as is known. 

The Polish National Lodge [No. 534, London,] wear the White Eagle of Poland as 
a badge ; Pilgrim Lodge of London, a small trowel ; the " Westminster and Keystone," 
a Portcullis of black enamel, with gold chains and studs, enclosed in a border formed by 
a quatre-foil imposed on a square. The border is of blue enamel, and bears the name 
of the Lodge with the date of its charter, 1721, and from the top hangs a small key- 
stone of white carnelian, with the number of the Lodge, 10, upon it. Whether this 
border is struck or not, does not appear ; but the jewel certainly is not a medal. An 
engraving is given in Hughan's Register. 

There are many English Medals of the last century, which I have seen, and Mr. 
Hughan has sent me impressions from many more, bearing devices full of interest to 
the Masonic antiquary, and especially rich in emblems of the " higher" degrees ; but as 
they are engraved, not struck, I cannot lengthen this list by admitting them, though it 
is to be hoped that .some account of these and similar jewels may be preserved before 
they are lost beyond recovery. 

CCCCLXXIX. Merzdorf mentions a Medal struck by the Lodge " In- 
dustry and Perseverance," of Calcutta, India, and presented to Sir Edward 
Ryan, but without any description. His reference to it is taken from " Lato- 
mia," Vol. II, p. 160, publislied at Leipsig in 1842 and since. I have found 
no allusion to it elsewhere. 

CCCCLXXX. He also names a Medal of St. John's Lodge, of the same 
place, presented to H. W. Torrens, without description, and mentioned in 
" Latomia " at the same place. This also I have been unable to trace. 

Sussex Lodge, of Hong Kong, China, under the obedience of the Grand 
Lodge of England, is said by Merzdorf to have presented a Medal to Bro. 
Book, one of its former officers, on his return to England, in 1846, which was 
prepared in China. It is alluded to in " Latomia," Vol. VIII, p. 145, but 
without description. It may have been an engraved Medal. I have learned 
nothing more about it. 



194 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCCCLXXXI. Obverse, Bust of the Provincial Grand Master, Dr. 
Burnes. Legend, fratr. insig. et dilec. jacobus burnes fundator. [James 
Burnes, Founder, a distinguished and beloved brother.] Reverse, A Parsee 
and Mohammedan, clothed with an apron and ribbon of the. Order, and each 
holding a small banner in his hand. They stand near a small altar or pedestal, 
on which lie two books and a gavel. On the pedestal is the inscription, 

LODGE RISING STAR AT BOMBAY. Legend, FOUNDED FOR THE RECEPTION OF 

NATIVE GENTLEMEN. DECEMBER 1 5, 1 846. In aline near the legend.^^s From 
the Native Brethren of Rising Star to the R. W. Bro. Jas. Burnes, K. H. 
Dec. 16, 1844. 

CCCCLXXXIL Obverse, Naked bust to right of Folkes. Legend, 
MARTiNVS on left, and folkes on right. Reverse, In the foreground, a sphinx, 
to the right, seated on a pedestal ; on her side is a crescent. In the distance 
are walls partly in ruins, with the pyramid of Cestius on the left, showing the 
north front, with the door ; on each of the front corners stands a Corinthian 
pillar : above, on the right, the radiant sun. Legend, sva sidera norvnt 
[They know their own constellations.] In exergue, in two lines, rom^ • a ■ l | 
5742^4 Bronze. Size 23. Rare. (Figure 55.) 

333 This description I obtain from Merzdorf, who does Oxford, 1746. He was bom according to one account at 
not give the size or metal. He uses the word nebsnschrift, Westminster, Oct. 29, 1690; another writer says, in Great 
which I translate, "In a line near the legend." The Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields. He was a student 
Medal is mentioned in " Latomia," vii, p. 144, and viii, at Cambridge in 1707, and died June 26, 1754 : a friend 
p. 144. A later number of the same periodical says that of SirChristopher Wren and Dr. Desaguliers, he is thought 
other Brethren had similar Medals, which they had ob- to have taken an active part in the revival of Masonry m 
tained at their admission, or for faithful services. I have 1717, and may well be considered as one of the most dis- 
found no other allusion to them. There seems to be tinguished men among the prominent Freemasons of his 
something wrong in the leg-ind or inscription on the re- day, in England. 

verse as to dates, but I follow Merzdorf. Dr. Burnes was This Medal is said by various authorities to have been 

for a lime in the service of the East India Company, and struck at Rome, in the Papal Mint, and the dies to have 

a Knight of the Guelphic Order. He was a zealous \rco- been cut by Hamerani. Whether this statement is true or 

ther, especially interested in Templar Masonry, and wrote not, I am unaljle to decide. Clement XII., the immediate 

a " Sketch of the Knights Templar." London, 1840. predecessor of Benedict XIV., in April, 1738, issued tlie 

334 Martin Folkes was a distinguished English antiquary famous Bull, "In eminenti apostolatus specula," forbid- 
and numismatist, as well as a somevvliat prominent Mason, ding all authorities, secular and ecclesiastical, to favor the 
having been Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of cause of the Freemasons, or to unite with the Society. 
England, under the Duke of Richmond, in 1724-5. Al- Although Benedict was far more liberal in his views, being 
though little is known of his connection with the Order as is well known a correspondent of Voltaire, it seems 
subsequently, the fact that the Medal was struck in his hardly possible that he should have allowed his own Mint 
honor nearly twenty years later, seems to show that his to have struck, — much less designed, — a Medal in honor 
interest in it was unabated. He was also President of the of so prominent a member of the Order, only two years 
Royal Society in 1741, Memlier of the French Academy after the death of Clement, especially when we remember 
in 1742, and President of the Society of Antiquaries in that in 1 75 1 Benedict himself issued a similar anathema. 
1750. He received the degree of Doctor of Laws at It is known that Folkes communicated some papers on 



MASONIC MEDALS. 195 

CCCCLXXXIII. Obverse. A circle surrounding a five-pointed star, one 
at the top, the points of which extend to the outer circumference ; between 
those of the larger, a smaller star shows its points, which extend to the inner 
circumference of the surrounding circle, and the spaces between the points of 
the two stars are cut out : on the centre of the star is the Holy Bible, opened, 
and the square and compasses. Legend, on the circle, above, lodge of 
LIGHTS 148 and below, on the right, Warrington ; on the left, centenary ; 
at the bottom, 1765 + i865. Reverse, Plain, or engraved with owner's name. 
Suspended by a ring to a clasp, bearing on the upper part centenary and on 
the lower, i865. and worn with a sky blue ribbon. Silver, the outline of the 
larger star, and the outer edge of the circle, in blue enamel.^^s Size 21. 

CCCCLXXXI V. Obverse, A circle, surrounding a shield of blue enamel, 
which bears the Bible, resting upon an altar or pedestal. Legend on the 
circle, above, lodge of loyalty and below n" 86 prescot Reverse, Plain, 
for engraving. Worn suspended by an ornamental ring or loop to a clasp 
with sky blue ribbon ; the upper bar of the clasp has the word centenary and 
the lower, a. d. i858. a. l. 5858. Gold. Size (as drawn"*) 24. 

CCCCLXXXV. Obverse, Inscription in six lines, the first and last 
curving. and surrounded by a line or border : 1880 | royal | masonic | insti- 
tution I girls I STEWARD. Reverse, Below a coronet the initial l in orna- 

Roman Archaeology to the learned Societies in England, die shows signs of weakness. The Medal is rare in fine 

of which he was a member, prepared during his residence condition, though the statement which has been made that 

at Rome. The pyramid of Cestius, at that city, is outside only three were struck is absurd. I have a fine impression, 

the walls of Nero, but within those of Aurelian, is about nearly proof ; one is in Mr. Poillon's collection ; Mr. 

120 feet in height, and stands near the gate through which W. S. Appleton has one, and I have seen one or two 

St. Paul passed to his riiartyrdom, and is one of the few others ; one in uncirculated condition was also sold in 

remaining relics which were standing in that vicinity at Prof. Anthon's Cabinet, Part I, No. 396, Nov. 1879, and 

the time of his execution, and overlooks the Protestant another in Frossard's sale, No. 510, Sept. 1879, the latter 

cemetery. What connection this has with Freemasonry, bringing $4.63, though only "fair." There is at least 

or with the Sphynx in the foreground, or the legend, one other Medal with bust of Folkes, but not Masonic; it 

which is from the Aeneid, vi. 641, with either, I confess belongs to the " Dassier Series," and issize 35. 
myself unable to discover. I am inclined to think these 335 The description of this and the following Centenary 

emblems were therefore selected from the mystery with Medals I give from drawings which have been kindly sent 

which they were surrounded, and with some allusion to me by.Bro. Hughan, since the publication of his Register, 
the well known antiquarian tastes of Folkes. The pillars, 336 The Lodge of Loyalty, of Prescot, Lancashire, 

on either side of the entrance, which have no actual exis- was apparently founded, by Hughan's Register, m 1753, 

tence at the pyramid, may allude to the well known em- though the date on the clasp on the drawmg sent me is 

blems, and with the date, evidently Masonic, are the only 1758. It was one of the " Modern " Lodges, No. loi, 

means by which we can connect this Medal certainly with previous to the Union, becoming 126 at that time, re- 

the Fraternity. Whether cut by Hamerani, or not, the ob- gaining its old number loi by accident, in 1832, when 

verse is very fine, but the reverse is greatly inferior, and the the Lodges were renumbered, and rising to 86 in 1863. 



196 MASONIC MEDALS. 

mental script (for Prince Leopold). Near the edge in ^mall letters, kenning. 
Silver. Elliptical. Size as engraved 1 7 by 24 nearly. Scarce.^^^ 

Old Dundee Lodge, No. 1 8, Cannon Street, London, have a Medal, or more prop- 
erly a jewel, I judge from the drawing, which is in form a ribbon curiously twisted, 
bearing on the right, old Dundee; on the left lodge no 18; at the top, dei donum 
[The gift of God,] and at the bottom, in two lines, unanimity | 1722. In a circular 
space in the centre, is a plate of gold, bearing three lilies in a pot, and in a smaller 
space at the top is a five-pointed star. The jewel, (I cannot regard this as strictly a 
" Medal,") is of irregular form, measuring 40 in length, and 24 in width. It is of gold, 
and I understand is made in two parts. It is considered as the " Centenary Medal " 
which the Lodge is entitled to wear, and I therefore give this description, but do not 
number it. The reverse is plain for engraving.338 

The Grand Stewards' Lodge, London, wear a Medal which is "oval in form, on 
crimson enamel, and of smaller size " than their jewel, which bears the device of a cornu- 
copia between the legs of the extended compasses, placed within a circle. I do not 
know whether these Medals are struck, and so do not assign a number. 

Faithful Lodge, No. 85, of Harleston, Norfolk, England, wear a jewel in the form 
of a cross, with a radiant point from each angle ; each arm has the name of one of the 
cardinal virtues — Prudence at the top, Fortitude on the right. Temperance on the left, and 
yustice on the foot. On the centre is a garter, with faithful 85. The reverse is 
similar to obverse, but has name of owner, with dates of initiation, passing, and raising, 
engraved. It was prepared for the Centenary of the Lodge in 1853,339 but does not 
seem to be " authorized." 

The following Medal, in Mr. Poillon's collection, has been described and sold as 
Masonic by Mr. Strobridge. I am so greatly in doubt as to its Masonic character 
that I do not number it, and am inclined to thmk the Arms are those of some of the 
English Guilds. The. Medal was undoubtedly struck in England, and the obverse has a 

_337 TWs Medal, which I describe from an engraving in reported as granted at a meeting Nov. 3 following." As 

" Ihe Freemason," London, for April 24, 1880, was mentioned above, all Centenary Jewels or Medals must Iw 

struck for the Stewards of the Ninety-second Annual officially sanctioned by the authorities of the Grand Lodge, 

Festival of the Institution named, April 16, 1880, at which or they are "irregular," and cannot be lawfully worn. 

Prince Leopold, the youngest brother of the Prince of The allusion in DEI donum I take to be to Psalm Ixviii. 

Wales, presided. They were attached to a ribbon of the v. 6. (Prayer Book version.) " He is the God that maketh 

prescribed colors, —in this case red and white, —and can men to be of one mind," &c. 

be worn only by the Stewards of the year, who obtain the 339 This was a " Modern " Lodge, No. go before the 

privilege by a contribution to the funds of the Institution. Union, when it became 124; afterwards bearing No. 100, 

(bee Note 305.) and now 85. This jewel, which cannot be called a Medal, 

33» A drawing of this jewel was also sent me by Bro. I mention only as the Lodge is included in the list of tliose 

Hughan, who informs me that a "petition for permission entitled to Centenaiy Medals. The description is given 

to wear a Centenary Medal was signed June 9, 1863, and me by Bro. Ihighan. 



MASONIC MEDALS. i^j 

shield, .bearing argent, a ^chevron engrailed azure between three pairs of compasses, 
somewhat extended, proper. Crest, a helmet, closed, to left. An open wreath, tied at 
the bottom, composed of oak and some other leaves,3i° nearly surrounds the shield ; from 
the crossing of the branches falls a ribbon on which honour god. Below, very near the 
edge, in small script letters, J. Milton F. Reverse, A. wreath, formed by a single branch 
of laurel turned back upon itself and tied by a ribbon. The field, within, is blank for an 
inscription. That in Mr. Poillon's collection once had two lines engraved upon it, which 

have been erased, so that now only Jop*" y 1790 in one line and Renter W . . . 

1795 in the other, are all that can be deciphered, and these are in doubt. Silver, gilt. 
Size 30. Mr. Strobridge considers it a " Masonic Medal for Membership."3+' 

CCCCLXXXVI. Obverse, A circle, bearing the legend, Medina lodge, 
. CENTENARY MEDAL, 5732, surrounds the square and compasses extended, and 
encloses a small circular tablet, on which is a wreath of acacia, and 41. 
Reverse, as obverse, except that the outer circle has engraved granted by 
THE earl of ZETLAND, G. M. 5862 and the tablet has a castle in a wreath of 
acacia. Gold. Size 20 nearly. A " Special Centenary " Medal of the Lodge 
named.3''^ 

CCCCLXXXVII. Obverse, A ra.diant star of seven points, one at the 
top. On the centre a circular tablet, bearing a dove with the olive branch. 
Legend, above, ST. mary's lodge and below, no. 63. Reverse, as obverse, 
but the rays are plain, the central tablet has the All-seeing eye above, and 
two crossed sprigs of acacia at the bottom, and the legend at the top centen- 
ary 1857 Silver. Size, from point to point, 24.3" 

340 1 am in doubt what plant or shrub is intended : the chevron, which is very likely an error of engraving, it 

branch is thorny, and has leaves in groups of five, with seems that the piece was most probably struck for the 

small bunches uf small berries. The dies are very well Company and Guild of Carpenters, and is not Masonic, 

executed. The motto is very similar to that of many others of the 

341 See Seavey-Parmelee Sale Catalogue, June, 1873, Guilds. 

No. 81. In John Guillim's " Display of Heraldry," the 342 Medina Lodge, of Cowes, England, was one of the 

sixth edition, London, 1724, are given the Arms of the "Modern " Lodges previous to the Union, and its original 

various Guilds and Companies of London; among them I number was 31. At the Union it became 48; in 1832 it 

find the following : — " The Company of Carpenters, a was changed to 41, the number on the Medal, and in 1863 

Society of Ancient Standing, incorporated by Letters Pa- it became 35 on the roll, as appears from the lists in 

tent, 17th of King Edward IV. by the name of the Master, Hughan's "Masonic Register." 

Wardens and Commonalty of the Mystery of Freemen of 343 This jewel, rather than a Medal, is struck from dies, 
the Carpentry of the City of London, bear Argent, a and therefore included, for reasons already given. It is 
Chevron ingrailed between three pairs of Compasses (point- the "Special Centenary," previous to registration, of St. 
ing toward the base and a little extended) Sable." He Mary's Lodge, of London. This was an "Ancient" 
says nothing of Crest, Motto, or Supporters. These may Lodge, previous to the Union, and at that time, by a coin- 
have I'cen later additions, or possibly he thought it unnec- cidence bore its present number. At the Union it became 
essary to mention them. The only difference in these 86, and has since borne the numbers 76 and is now 63 
Arms and those on the Medal being in the color of the again. 



198 MASONIC MEDALS. 

CCCCLXXXVIII. Obverse, A view of the city of Calcutta, in gold, on 
a ground of light blue enamel. Legend, on a garter of dark blue enamel, 
with edge and buckle of gold, lodge star in the east n° 67 1 740 •!• At 
the top a loop of ribbon, of gold, by which to suspend it. Reverse, Plain for 
engraving.^'** Size, as engraved, 32. Length, from top of loop to end of 
garter, which falls below the Medal, 48. 

There are at least nine other English Lodges having authorized Special 
Centenary Medals, and a few,. perhaps five or six, which wore such Medals 
prior to registration, of which I have not been able to obtain descriptions. 

Merzdorf mentions under date of 1766, a Medal said to have been struck 
that year, in honor of the foundation of Union Lodge at Exeter, England, 
which is in the Rostock Cabinet.^^^ I have found no other allusion to this. He 
also mentions a Medal, which he says was one " of the Grand Lodge to the 
members of country Stewards' Lodge, 1789." This is also in the Rostock 
Collection, but like the preceding I have been unable to trace it. In the 
Rostock Collection are two other English Medals, one of an unknown Lodge, 
a member's Medal, with the date 5760, and another of the same character, 
bearing the date of 1775. Most of the earlier English Medals were engraved, 
bearing various emblems, principally of the third degree. They form an 
interesting group, but all such I have excluded for reasons previously given. 
It is probable that these two were either engraved, or else of the same charac- 
ter as VI, XXXIII, and a few others. 

CCCCLXXXIX. Obverse, Within a circle, a pedestal or altar, standing 
on a mosaic pavement and having on its front a monogram of the letters HAB 
below a small circle which encloses an equilateral triangle having the letter J : 
on the altar is a closed book, and on each side a pillar, supporting an arch 
of six stones, each engraved with one of the signs of the Zodiac, beginning 
with Aries on the left. Below, in small letters engraved, near the edge, we 

. 344 This is a Medal of the Lodge named, under the 345 Union Lodge, of Exeter, was constituted August 6, 

jurisdiction of the United Grand Lodge of England, which 1766. Its original number was 370. In 1770 it was 307, 

was originally the Third Lodge of Bengal at Calcutta, but and met at the Globe, St. Peter's Churchyard, in Exeter : 

IS now considered the oldest. Hughan's Register gives between 1781 and 1791 it was 244, but was apparendy 

an engraving of the piece, from which I have described extinct in 1792, as in the lists of that year it does not 

it, and also contains some historical notes on the Lodge, appear on the rolls. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 199 

HAVE FOUND IT. The field is filled with red enamel. Outside the circle of 
gold which surrounds the field, is another of white enamel, with the legend in 
letters of gold, sit tibi scire satis talia si jungere possis [Literally, Let 
it be enough for thee to know such things, if thou canst join them.] At the 
top, between satis and talia, the meridian sun, in gold, darting its beams 
upon the field : at the bottom a circle bearing the " triple tau," below which, 
on a ribbon of gold, in letters of blue enamel, nil nisi clavis deest [Nothing 
is wanting save the key.] At the top a love knot of gold and blue enamel, 
forming a ring by which the Medal is suspended. Reverse, Plain, for engrav- 
ing.3** Gold or silver gilt. Size of the Medal, 24. Length from top to 
bottom, 39. 

CCCCXC. A Medal was struck by the Grand Lodge of Scotland, in 
honor of its Centennial Anniversary, Nov. 30, (St. Andrew's Day,) 1836. It 
is mentioned in Findel's History of Freemasonry, p. 'SS'] ?'■'' Lyon's History 
of Freemasonry (in Scotland,) p. 184, says it has the form of St. Andrew's 
cross, but I have found no description, and have seen none of the pieces. 
One, in gold, was presented by the Grand Lodge of Scotland to the United 
Grand Lodge of England. 

CCCCXCL Obverse, The double-headed eagle of the thirty-third de- 
gree, holding a sword in his talons, and having the imperial crown over him ; 
above is a radiant star, bearing the letter G, and beneath the sword, the All- 
seeing eye. On the left of the eagle <&:. and on the right ©.-. . Legend, on 
a circle surrounding the field, above, benemerenti premium [a reward to one 
well deserving,] and below, Asuncion i" de abril de 1872 (e.-. v.-.) Reverse, 
Within a circle the inscription in seven lines, the second curving, medalla | 
de Benemerito de la Or.-. | oprecido | al sup.-, gr.-. maestro.-. | gr.-. com.-. | 
d" JUAN ADRiANO | CHAVES [Medal for one deserving the Honor of the Order, 
awarded to its Supreme Grand Master and Grand Commander Dr. Juan 

346 1 describe this from a Medal in Mr. Poillon's coUec- 347 This festival was celebrated with great splendor by 

tion, the reverse of which has drummond incused in very torchlight, and a procession moved to the large Hall m 

small letters. I am informed that this Medal is that gen- Waterloo Hotel, . . . where the Grand Officers were 

erally worn by Royal Arch Masons in England. The assembled; there were nearly one thousand brethren, many 

central portion is struck, and the ribbons, sun, and circle of them adorned with the Medals which had been struck 

of gold surrounding the field, are afterwards attached. in honor of the auspicious occurrence, —findel. 



200 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Adriano Chaves. J Near the edge of the circle, in very small letters, the name 
of the die cuttter, s. caccia.-. Legend, outside the circle, * for los miembros 
DEL G.-. o.-. Y SUP.-. ■* CON.-. DE LA REP.-. DEL PARAGUAY. [By the members 
of the Grand Orient and Supreme Council of the Republic of Paraguay.] 
This description was kindly made for me from an impression in his own cabinet 
by Mr. G. F. Ulex of Hamburg. His is in lead, the weight 43 grammes. 
Size 28 nearly. I presume the one presented to Dr. Chaves was in gold or 
silver. 

CCCCXCII. Obverse, In form a star of twelve points, six of which 
are made by the points of two equilateral triangles interlaced, and six by 
flames proceeding from the angles produced by their intersection. The centre 
has a radiant sun : the centre of the triangles was cut out after the piece was 
struck. Legend, on one triangle, concordia | universal | callao n° 2 and 
on the other, fundada | en 20 de setbr^ | de 1849. [Founded Sept. 20, 1849.J 
R^erse, Plain, except the triangles which form the star, which are incused.^*^ 
l/Silver. Length of one side of a triangle, 22. 

CCCCXCIIL Obverse, Between a wreath formed by two branches of 
laurel, tied by a bow of ribbon at the base, a five-pointed star, on which 75. 
Reverse, Within a chain or cable-tow, having nine love knots, the inscription 
in fifteen lines, in | memoriam natalis | anni septuagesimi quinti | societatis 
LIB. caementariorum | in urbe batavia I legitime constitutae I qui cele- 

BRATUS EST | DIE l6 MENSIS 9 ANNI V.-. L.-. 6844 | IN □ P.-. V.-. | CUI NOMEN | 
ASTRUM IN ORIENTE ] PRAESIDE MAGISTRO | F.-. P.-. V.*. | ISAACO PENNING | NIEUW- 

LAND [In memory of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Society of Free- 
masons in the city of Batavia lawfully constituted, which was celebrated on 
the sixteenth day of the ninth month of the year of true light 5844, in the 
true and perfect Lodge which bears the name Star in the East, the true 
and perfect brother Isaac Penning Nieuwland being its Presiding Master.] 
Bronze.^*' Size 31. 

348 This is a "bijou " or member's jewel of the Lodge, which is under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of the 
but as it appears to have been struck from a die, 1 cata- Netherlands, and is the eighth in order of seniority at the 
logue it as I have others, though not strictly a Medal. present time on its roll. The Lodges under this jurisdic- 

349 This Medal was struck for the Seventy-fifth Anni- tion have each a color which distinguishes them, used on 
versary of the Lodge Star in the East, of Batavia, Java, its ribbon, &c. ; that of this Lodge is blue. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 201 

CCCCXCIV. Obverse, Within a chain, the inscription in five hnes, 

HEX I VIJF EN TWINTIG | JARIG BESTAAN | GEVIERD | IMJDCCCXLIIII. [The twenty- 
fifth Anniversary celebrated in 1844.] Reverse, An eight-pointed star with 
its centre vacant. Silver and copper."° 

CCCCXCV. Obverse, As obverse of CCVII. Reverse, A triangle 
bearing the All-seeing eye, surrounded by seven formal rays, with groups of 
three light rays in each interval. Legend, lumen de lumine * sceau du 
GRAND ORIENT DE BELGiQUE • [Light of Light. Seal of the Grand Orient of 
Belgium.] Tin. Size 41 nearly. Rare.^^" 

CCCCXCVL Obverse, Naked bust to left, showing only the throat to 
the shoulders, the hair and beard full, curling, and bushy. Under it, in very 
small letters, ck. wiener. A ring of " pearls " near the edge around the field. 
Reverse, Inscription in fifteen lines, the last curving, le gouv?: J de la fr.-, 

MA^.-. BELGE | DOIT ETRE MODERE : | LA VIE ET l'aCTION | DOIVENT VENIR DES 
LOGES ; I POUR DONNER a LEUR initiative I UNE GRANDE PUISSANCE, | IL FAUT 
LEUR LAISSER | LA LIBERTE LA PLUS ETENDUE. | LA SEULE LIMITE | A l'iNDEPEN- 
DANCE I DE CHACUNE d'eLLES | EST DANS LES INTERETS | GENERAUX | DE l'iN- 

STiTUTioN. [The Government of Belgian Freemasonry should be moderate : its 
life and action should come from the Lodges ; to give to their initiative a 
great power, it is necessary to leave them the most extensive liberty. The 
only limit to the independence of each of them is in the general interests of 
the institution.] Legend, On a roughened tablet, three-fourths surrounding 
the inscription, in Gothic letters, p.-. van humbeeck. gr.-. m.-. nat.-. de bel- 
GiQUE. [National Grand Master of Belgium.] The lower quarter of the circle 
around the inscription is plain, i. e. not roughened, and has in two lines, 
curving to conform to the lower edge, extrait du discours d 'installation | 
17.^. J.-. 2"^ M.-. 5869 [Extract from his installation address, April 17, 1869.] 

350 This Dutch Medal of unknown mintage or object, ..thought that number was not properly a Medal, but an 
Merzdorf describes from an impression in his own coUec- impression of the Seal of the Belgian Grand Lodge in 
tion; one. was also in the Dresden cabinet. Its weight as metal, and filled. Whatever that may have been which 
given by Merzdorf is one-quarter loth. I have learned Merzdorf had, there can be no question that Medals were 
nothing else concerning it. It is of course an Anniversary struck from dies bearing this' device. The description of 
Meda}, but I find no Lodge on the roll of the Grand the above is from one in my own collection, and Mr. 
Lodge of the Netherlands, either active or dormant, which- Poillon also has one of the obverse, with reverse plaui, as 
dates from 1819. described under CCVII. This piece was unknown to 

351 In commenting on CCVII it was said that Merzdorf Merzdorf. 



502 MASONIC MEDALS. 

The border which separates this tablet from the inscription has a row of small 
dots or " pearls " around the inside. Bronze.^^^ Size 32. 

CCCCXCVII. Obverse, A pair of right hands joined. Legend, □ des 
VRAis AMIS DE l'union. o.*. de bruxell. Reverse, A triangle surrounded by 
rays. This Medal I know only by the above brief description in Merzdorf, 
who places it under date of 1842. An impression in copper was in the 
Zacharias collection, and the Dresden collection also has one of the Medals.'" 

CCCCXCVIII. Obverse, A female figure, standing, representing Hope; 
with her right hand she lifts the dfapery of her dress, and her left arm leans 
upon an anchor. Silver, gilt. Length of the figure, 22. This was struck, 
and the figure then cut out and placed within the square and compasses of 
silver ; the compasses are ornamented with engraving, and the square has 
also engraved upon it □.•. de l'esperance on the left arm, and o? de brux- 
ELLES on the right, in script. Reverse, Plain, for engraving owner's name. 
Length from top of compasses to angle of square, 36. This is a member's 
badge of the Lodge named.'^* 

CCCCXCIX. A Medal was struck at Amsterdam, (Holland,) in 1832, 
by the Lodge " Charite," of that city, in honor of the fiftieth Masonic anniver- 
sary of Bro. Wm. Holtrop, who was for many years Master of that Lodge. 
The Medal presented to Holtrop was of gold. Others have been struck in 
silver. It is scarce, and I have been unable to obtain an impression or 
description.'" 

352 Pierre Van HumMeck, whose bust forms the ob- CCV was struck, and which, about 1830, led to the 
verse, was elected Grand Master in 1869, and served until formation of the present Grand Lodge of Belgium. The 
1872. He was Minister of Public Instruction for Belgium, history of the Lodges of Holland and Belgium is much 
and the sentences on the reverse of the Medal are a portion intermingled, especially during the time when the Emperor 
of his first Inaugural Address, whicli excited a great deal Napoleon disturbed Masonic as well as geographic boun- 
of interest among the Belgian Lodges. dary lines. A full and interesting account of the Masonic 

353 This Lodge is the same which struck CCVIII. events of this period will be found in "Jaarboeke voor 
P'ounded in 1782, it has since been united with another, Nederlandsche Vrijmetselaren, 5880,'' (Yearbook for Neth- 
and its present name, I believe, is Amis Vrais de I'Union erland Freemasons,) pp. 67-94. 

et du Progres, working under the Ancient and Accepted 355 This Medal is mentioned by Merzdorf, who had not 

rite. seen it, but found it alluded to in the Dutch Freemasons' 

354 For this 'bijou" I am indebted to the kindness of Almanac for 1838, p. 48, where there is an engraving of 
Mr. G. F. Ulex, of Hamburg. This Lodge, presided the Medal. In 1835, says Findel, the Lodge celebrated 
over at the time by Bro. Crassous, (see CCXXIX,) with its Seventy-fifth Anniversary, when Bro. C. de Bie pub- 
Amis Philanthropes, then under Bro. Honnorez, (see lished a poem in its honor, and of Bro. Holtrop, then its 
CLXXXVII,) and others of Brussells, was very active in Master. Holtrop was a bookseller, and from 1792, for 
the formation of the "Grand Lodge of Administration of more than forty years, Grand Orator of the CJrand Lodge. 
the Kingdom of Holland," in honor of which the Medal During his Mastership, he, with his Deputy Master, founded 



MASONIC MEDALS. 203 

D. Obverse, Naked bust in profile to the right, under which in very 
small letters, karel wiener Legend, j".|' p. g. c. van geusau, groot offi- 
ciER Bij HEX GROOT o/. VAN NEDERLAND. [Jonkheer P. G. C. Van Geusau, 
Grand Officer of the Grand Orient of the Netherlands.] Reverse, Near the 
top of the field the square and compasses crossed : a trowel on the right and 
a gavel on the left, having their handles crossed, are placed within the square, 
and two branches of acacia surround the implements : above are the letters 
w.*. K/. s.*. (for Wysheid, Kragt, Schoonheid, or Wisdom, Strength, Beauty,) 
and below, the inscription in nine lines, the second and last curving, and a 
dash between sixth and seventh : hulde | voor strijd en volharding | aan 

UEN VOORZ.-. m!* I j".^ p. G. C. VAN GEUSAU | DOOR DE B. B.'. VRIJMETSELAREN | 
DER □ LA PERSEVERANCE. | | MAASTRICHT | DEN | 24 JUNIJ 1860. [In honor 

of the courage and perseverance as Presiding Master, of Van Geusau, from 
the Brethren Freemasons of the Lodge Perseverance. — Maastricht, June 24, 
1860.J A small sprig of acacia having three branches, fills the space on each 
side between the £nds of the third line and those of the second which curve 
upward."* Bronze. Size 32. 

DL Obverse, A pyramidal stone or perfect' ashlar, with the square 
and compasses and a small rough ashlar on the right, and a gavel, level, and 
rule and other Masonic implements on the left : above is a five-pointed 
blazing star. In exergue, in two lines, □ ecossaise | napoleon [Scottish 
Lodge of Napoleon. J Legend, nova lux oculis effulsit et ingens. [A 
new and great light has shone upon our eyes.J Reverse, The square and 
compasses, surrounded by a wreath of oak, and enclosing the letter N. 
In exergue, in two lines, o.*. de livourne | 58o7. [Orient of Leghorn,"' 

an Asylum for the blind. He delivered the oration at the 356 The word Jonkheer is a minor title of nobility in 

semi-centennial of the foundation of Freemasonry in Hoi- Holland. Van Geusau was Grand Keeper of the Seals 

land, (see CCXVI,) held at the Hague in 1808. An (Groot Zegelbewaarder) from 1855 to 1879, and at the 

account of the Festival, when Holtrop's Medal was pre- present time (1880) fills the chair of Junior Grand Warden 

sented, was printed, with an engraving of the piece, in of the Grand Orient of the Netherlands. He has also 

1832. Merzdorf, page xii, gives the full title to the pam- held a position in the Provincial Court of Limburg and 

phlet. I find in an old English list that the Lodge Charite Eysden. The I^dge Perseverance, of which he was 

was chartered by the " Moderns," June 27, 1755, or ap- Presiding Master, (Voorzitter Meester,) has its seat at 

parently two years earlier than the account of the Festival Maastricht, and was onginally fourided in 1763. It has 

seems to indicate. I have seen an impression in silver of a fine library; the "Lodge color" is green, 

this Medal advertised, but without description, in one Ger- ' 357 This Medal is engraved in fresor Numismatique, 

man sale Catalogue only, since I began this work. Napoleon, pi. 23, figure 15. 



204 MASONIC MEDALS. 

1 807. J Legend, silence, amitie, bienfaisance [Silence, Friendship, Bene- 
volence.] Copper. Size 16. fp^^-i^Ufv^ fjih-t 

DII. Obverse, A circle of twenty-nine stars surrounds the inscription in 
five lines, r.-. l.-. | imperiai.e | Carolina | o.-. di | milano. [The Worshipful 
Imperial Lodge Caroline, Orient of Milan.] Reverse, The meridian sun, 
with full face and rays filling the field, surrounded by a circle of thirty stars. 
Bronze. Size 22. These Medals usually have a loop and ring attached to 
the planchet."^ 

Din. Obverse, A wreath formed by two branches, one of oak and the 
other of laurel, separated at the top by a blazing star, having the letter G on 
its centre : below is a nine-pointed star formed by three triangles interlaced, 
and suspended by a ribbon. Within the wreath are two right hands, joined. 
Legend, l.-. de Joseph la Concorde o.-. de naples Hh [Lodge of Joseph and 
Harmony, Orient of Naples.] Reverse, On a mosaic pavement are two pil- 
lars having a pair of scales hanging between them. Legend, rit ancien et 
ACCEPTE. [Ancient and Accepted Rite.] Silver. Size 16 nearly."' 

DIV. Obverse, Three pine trees in the field, the tops of those on the 
right and left bent across that in the centre, which is full of cones : above is 
the letter G in the centre of a radiant triangle. In exergue, 58o6. Legend, 
□.-. la pigneta o.-. di RAVENNA. [Lodge of the Pledge, Orient of Ravenna.] 
Reverse, A phenix rising from a flaming pyre : above, on the left, is the 
radiant sun. Legend, sic virtus resurgit. [Thus Virtue rises again.] Silver 
and bronze.3^° Size 33. 

DV. Obverse, Within a wreath formed of two laurel branches tied at 
the bottom, is the inscription in five lines, the third and fourth separated 
by a dash, al. f.'. ] t.-. somenzari | che parte j — | il 29. del x. mese | 58ii. 
[To Bro. T. Somenzari, who departs. — December 29, 181 1.] Reverse, Two 

358 This was struck on the constitution of the Lodge in The Lodge named on this Medal worked under French 
1810. It is engraved in Tresor Numis., Napoleon, pi. 72, auspices. The title "Joseph" was doubtless given in 
fig. I. R. L. in the legend I take to be for Respectabile honor of Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples, 1806-8. 
Logia. The Lodge was probably named for Carolina Merzdorf and Tresor Numis., give the date of mintage 
Maria Annunciata, a sister of Napoleon, and wife of Mu- as 1812. 

rat, King of Naples. 360 This Me'dal is engravedin Tresor Numis., Napoleon, 

359 This is engraved in Tresor Numis., Nap. pi. 56, fig. pi. 17, figure 11. This Lodge also worked under French 
7. There is a French Medal to be mentioned hereafter, auspices, during their occupation of the City, and possibly 
described by Merzdorf, very similar to this, if not identical, later. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 205 

triangles placed one upon the other, and forming a six-pointed star. The 
triangle of which the whole is visible, has on the point forming the lop of the 
star, a delta surrounded by a serpent devouring its tail ; the angle at the left 
has a sword and wreath of olive, and that at the right a sprig of acacia and an 
open book ; in the centre a blazing star of five points, on which is the letter 
N (for Napoleon). The other triangle has on the upper angle to the left, in 
three lines, □ | di | napo.-. on that to the right, in three lines, o | di | vdine 
and on the bottom point, a.-, v.-. l.-. below which 8|o [Lodge of Napoleon, 
Orient of Udine, in the year of true light, (anno veri luminis,) 58o8.j Silver/' 
Size 24 nearly.3^' Very rare. ^"^ 

DVI. Obverse, Inscription in seven lines, fondation | de la l.-. | d' 

ELISA I a l'gR.-. de FLORENCE | LE 21^ JOUR DU | 5^ MOIS DE LAN | SSog. 

[Foundation of the Lodge Elisa, in the Orient of Florence, July 21, 1809.] 
Legend, surrounding the inscription, goury * aude * gabboria • gautier 
• MARMiLOK * BARONi • MENiL After this name is a larger five-pointed 
radiant star, which comes at the top of the Medal, and has upon it the 
letter G. Reverse, A radiant triangle on which is the letter E in script, 
surmounted by a crown of nine stars. Legend, one word at each point of 
the triangle, sagesse at top, bonte on the right, and force on the left, 
[Wisdom, goodness, strength,] with a small five-pointed star between the 
words.3*'' Bronze. Size 28. 

The number of Italian Medals is very small, and they are chiefly those 
struck during the period when the French, under Napoleon, held dominion 
there., The revival of the Papal power followed by the Edicts of Pius VII. 
in 1 8 14 and 1821, extinguished most of the Masonic Lodges, and while a 
number of new Lodges have come into existence since the birth of the 
Kingdom of Italy, I have seen no new Medals. 

361 This Medal is engraveditiTresorNumis., Napoleon, been unable to obtain anything concerning them. The 
plate 51, figure 5. Merzdorf puts the inscription in four name Elisa perhaps alludes to Marie Anne Elise Bona- 
lines, and omits some of the periods. My description is parte, the wife of Felice Pasquale Baciocchi, Pnnce of 
from the Medal in my own collection. Lucca, and who became the Grand Duchess of Tuscany 

362 The names on the obverse are very possibly those of in 1808. The Medal is engraved in Tresor Numis., Nap., 
the founders or charter members of the Lodge, but I have pi. 33, fig. 2. 



2o6 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DVII. Obverse, A female figure, with flowing drapery below her waist, 
stands facing : her left arm embraces a lifeless tree, around which clings an 
ivy vine : in her right hand is a scroll, which floats in the field on the left, and 
bears the motto in incused letters, longe et prope [Far and near.] The 
ground in front of her feet is cut away to leave a tablet, on which, also 
incused, mors et vita [Death and life.] Legend, on the left, loge de 
l'amitie and on the right, oj. de geneve [Lodge of Friendship, Orient of 
Geneva.] In exergue, fondee 6797 [Founded 1797.] Reverse, Within a 
wreath of ivy, weakly struck, is the inscription in six lines, souvenir | de 
l'inauguration I Du NOUVEAU | TEMPLE | LE loS j" DU 9? MOis | 6839 [Sou- 
venir of the inauguration of the new Temple, November lo, 1839.] Silver, 
gilt. Size 22. A loop is attached to the edge at the top, through which 
passes a ring. Very rare. (Figure 56.) 

DVIII. Obverse, On a mosaic pavement stands a female figure facing, 
typifying Hope. Around her head a semi-circle of seven five-pointed stars ; 
in her right hand extended, she holds two burning hearts ; her left arm rests 
upon an anchor. On the left, at the foot of a hillock, an acacia bush is 
growing, and a dagger lies near it. In the distance on the right, stands a 
temple, showing; side and front, and approached by a flight of seven steps. 
Legend, esperance et cordialite orient de lausanne [Hope and cordiali- 
ty, etc.] In exergue, 12 Janvier 1822 [January 12.] Reverse, Two left 
hands joined, proceeding from clouds and partly concealing the compasses 
extended, the points below a square : above is the All-seeing eye upon a 
radiant delta; some of the rays at the bottom are concealed by the head 
of the compasses. Legend, above, grande loge nationale Suisse, and 
below, * 24 juiN 1822 * [Swiss National Grand Lodge, June 24. 1822.] 
^Iver. Size 20. Loop and ring at top as above. Very rare.^*^ 

363 The National Grand Lodge of Switzerland, whose masonry prevailed. (Findel, p. 632.) The claims of the 

foundation in 1822 is commemorated on the reverse of this last named body to confer " high degrees ' being repug- 

Medal, was formed by a Union of the Lodge Esperance, nant to the " National Grand Lodge," overtures for union, 

a distinguished Lodge of Berne, at that time holding power though sometimes made by the Scottish body, were always 

as a Provincial Grand Lodge of England, and the " Hel- rejected. In 1844, the obstacles to harmony were at last 

vetiaii Grand Orient " at Lausanne ; the " Helvetian overcome, and in June of that year, the Grand Lodge 

Scottish Directory," so called, having its headquarters at Alpina having been formed by a Convention called for 

Zurich, did not come into the union, and the result was the purpose, the "National Grand Lodge" ceased to 

that for many years a great apathy on the subject of Free- exist. Merzdorf mentions neither of these Swiss Medals. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 207 

A writer in " Notes and Queries," London, {4th series, Vol. 6, page 6.) 
says that in Switzerland it was an ancient custom for the hewers in stone to 
cast leaden medals in rude moulds, bearing their names and initials, and place 
them under the foundation stones of churches and other edifices, as the Eng- 
lish Masons placed their " marks " upon Cathedral stones. I have found no 
other reference to this custom. If these were Medals of the "Travellino- 
Freemasons," the " initials " might prove on examination to be " Masons' 
marks," and of peculiar interest to the Masonic antiquary, and Switzerland 
would then be entitled to the honor of producing the oldest Masonic Medals. 
One of these pieces, I infer, was in the hands of the writer alluded to above ; 
he calls them Masons' Medals, but he gives no description, and in the absence 
of any further knowledge, I should be inclined to consider them as belonging 
to " Operative " rather than to " Speculative " Masonry. 

DIX. Obverse, Portrait to the right, of Baron Gartenberg Sadogurski.^*-* 
Legend, pet. nic. s. r. i. lib. b. a. gartenberg sadogurski cons. int. r. p. 
ET E. s. Below, F. coMSTADius. FECIT, in Small letters. Reverse, A rock amid 
a stormy sea. The heavens are filled with clouds, from which lightning darts 
on the right, while on the left the sun pours its rays through the clouds, and 
in the field above is the blazing star. In exergue, in te speravi. [In thee 
have I hoped.] Silver. Size 29 nearly. 

There are other Medals of Baron Von Gartenberg sometimes considered as Ma- 
sonic, one of which was in the Zacharias Collection, in that of Minerva Lodge at 
Leipsic, and that of the Provincial Lodge at Rostock, which Merzdorf mentions, but 
does not describe (referring to Lengnich, Nachrichten, II, 345). It appears to have 
been struck in his honor about 1772, when Tie was Superintendent of the Mint (Munz- 
beamte). Another, in Merzdorf s own collection, has B. v. G. upon it. (See Appel, 
Repertorium, III, I, p. 319, No. 11 32, and other authorities quoted by Merzdorf.) This 
was silver, about size 25. I exclude them for reasons already given. 

364 This Medal I describe from Merzdorf, who does not a Baron of the "Holy Roman Empire," (Sacr. Rom. 

number it, but considers it probably Masonic. The abbre- Imper, Liter Baro) a Commissary General m the Russian 

viations in the legend I have not certainly made out, but Army in the Russian-Turkish War, 1768-1774. He had 

suggest that Cons. Int. R. P., may be foi Privy Councilor teen previously (1757) Master of a Lodge in Wareaw, and 

of the kingdom of Poland, and E. S. perhaps (Eques) founded a Lodge at Jassy, Moldavia, in 1774. (bee XIX, 

Knighl of the Order of Stanislaus. Von Gartenterg was and Zacharias, Numoth. I, 2.) 



208 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DX. Obverse, A radiant sun at the top, its beams falling on the square 
and compasses, which enclose a gavel, erect : below, 26 juni, 1853. Legend, 
" DOCH DER SEGEN KOMMT VON OBEN " [Nevertheless the blessing comes from 
above.] Reverse, Inscription in eleven hnes, ihrem | geliebten | und wur- 

DIGEN I MEISTER VOM STUHL | BR : EDUARD MAYER ] ZUM ANDENKEN AN DIE | 
FEIER SEINER 2 5 lAHRIGN | HAMMERFUHRUNG | DIE BRUDER DER | LOGE ZU | 

HAMM. [To their beloved and worshipful presiding Master, Bro. Edward Mayer, 
in commemoration of the festival of his twenty-fifth year of service in the 
east, — the brethren of the Lodge at Hamm.J Bronze, and probably silver. 
Size 28.3«5 

DXL Obverse, In form a star of sixteen points, (formal rays) four on 
each side of a rectangle ; surmounting the latter, which is placed -'lozenge- 
wise," is a smaller one, diagonal with the first, within which is the tower of 
Hamburg, surrounded by the square and compasses, as on reverse of CXII. 
Reverse, Plain, for engraving. Silver, gilt. Size 33, at greatest breadth. 
This is a member's jewel of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg. The centre of 
the smaller square, around the tower, &c., is cut out. 

DXII. Obverse, Clothed bust of Dr. Piza, nearly full face, but slighriy 
turned to the right ; the hair, long, falls to the left, and the beard is full. On 
the edge of the bust, below the arm, hergmann f in extremely small letters. 
Legend, over the bust, doctor joseph piza. Reverse, The star of the Grand 
Lodge of Hamburg, as described above, suspended by a ribbon and bow, 
from a circle, which has Gothic ornaments on its inner circumference forming 
a quatrefoil. Legend, geb. z. altona d. 28 februar 1824 * gest. z. ham- 
burg. D. 26 SEPT. 1879 [Born at Altona, Feb. 28, 1824, died at Hamburg, 
Sept. 26, 1879.J Bronze. Size 27. 

DXIII. Obverse, An equilateral triangle, one angle at the top, sur- 
rounded by a chain, entwined with which is a wreath of ivy leaves, and above 

365 There are two Lodges at Hamm, one, " zum Hellen gavel." The e in iahrigen is omitted. This Medal was 

Licht," (Johannite,) the other, practicing the Scottish rite, accidentally discovered in a pile of old copper, about to be 

"zum Hellen Lowen," but to which this belongs, I have melted. It has been badly treated, and a hole a quarter 

not been able to determine. The legend on the obverse of an inch in diameter bored through the sun. I have 

is from Schiller's Song of the Bell. The word hammer- never seen or heard of another impression. As a mere 

fuhrung, on the reverse, literally means "bearing the matter of curiosity, I will mention that a few days after 



MASONIC MEDALS. 209 

are two right hands joined. Legend, in three straight Hnes upon the triangle, 
DIE I BRUDERKETTE | VON 1 862. [The Chain of Brethren, &c.J Reverse, 
Incused. The edge is cut out to the leaves, and the field between the triangle 
and the wreath is roughened. Silver. Size 20.^^* 

DXIV. Obverse, A chain of square links, surrounding the inscription 
in three lines, die loge | carl z. felsen | ihrem mitgliede [The Lodge 
Charles of the Cliffs to its Member.] The lower part of the space within the 
chain, nearly half the field, is left blank for engraving. Legend, outside the 
chain, als anerkennung fur 25 jahrige treue arbeit • [In recognition 
of twenty-five years of faithful labor.] Reverse, From a mosaic pavement 
rises a rocky cliff, with a circular tablet bearing the letter C upon its front, a 
radiant star of five points in the field above on the left, and a cable tow, 
having love knots in its centre and near each end, above all. On the edge of 
the platform, parate viam domini [Prepare ye the way of the Lord.] In 
exergue, the gavel, compasses, square, and trowel. On the left of exergue, 
near the edge, in very small letters, c. d. Claudius f. Border serrated. 
Struck Hke a coin. Silver and tin. Size 24.^^'' 

DXV. Obverse, A cubic pillar or altar, with ornamental top, bearing a 
crown, and having upon its face a square tablet, on which is displayed a radiant 
star: on the pillar is the inscription in three lines, 1775 r. | AnP"BAfI |4/l,Hfl 
[April 4, 1775.3^'] Near the pillar stands a Mason, clothed with an apron, his 
right hand upon his lips and holding in his left a square. At the foot of the 
pillar is a globe, near which are lying the square, compasses, level, and other 
Masonic emblems. On the left, at the bottom, ITB [Put Bobrowtschikow.j 
In exergue, in three lines, Cb ■BO>KIEK) nOMOffllK) | B09CTAH0BAEHA | BCAH. 
riET. TjVP. [With the help of God founded at St. Petersburg.] Legend, in 
two lines, MOAMAHIEM"b | 1/1 TPV^AMl/J [Be silent and labor.] Reverse, The 

the above piece was discovered, a gold noble of Edward For an impression of this piece also, I am indebted to Mr. 

III. of England, in excellent condition, except that it had G. F. Ulex, of Haniburg. 

been badly bent, was discovered in just such a pile, in the 367 For an impression of this Medal, recently struck for 

same foundry, and rescued from the melting pot ! the Lodge named, which is located at Altona, ui Holstein, 

366 This is a member's badge of the Lodge named, the and holds under the Grand Land-Lodge of Germany, I am 

obverse only intended to be seen; the reverse has a loop indebted to the kindness of Mr. G. F. Ulex, of Hamburg, 

and button attacl^ed, by which it was worn on the lapel. 368 Literally 1775 year, April 4th day. 



210 MASONIC MEDALS. 

meridian sun, surrounded by the legend, T3AA>KEHCTB0 Q-bEHEE. [For the 
universal welfare.] Tin. Size 36 nearly. Rare.^^' 

DXVI. Obverse, The meridian sun, its face partly obscured by a cloud. 
Reverse, Inscription in five lines, AO>KA | AATOHA | VTC>K 1/1 AAC | 1775 rOAA| 
/1.EKAT3 2 AHfl [The Lodge Latona, founded in the year 1775, on the second 
day of December.] This description I take from Merzdorf, who had an impres- 
sion, but does not mention the size or metal. 

DXVII. Obverse, Portrait to the right, surrounded by Masonic insignia. 
Legend, fridericus freese a consiliis aulicis [Frederic Freese from the 
Aulic Council.] Below, leberecht f. Reverse, On the centre of the field 
is an altar standing upon a mosaic pavement, between two Genii, and adorned 
with Masonic working tools : on the left of the pavement in small letters, 
c. L. F. (for C. Leberecht fecit.) On the same is a pelican with its young, 
supporting a shield with the letters ff. On the right the radiant sun illumines 
a cliff, with a palm tree, and on its summit an open temple, with a statue of 
Justice upon its dome. On the left is another cHff, on which is a closed temple 
having four pillars ; three paths leading thither unite near the top, and persons 
descending from it point to the open temple opposite. Legend, sic ornat 
JUSTITIA sues. [Thus justice honors its followers.] In exergue, in two lines, 
PETROP. D. xvii . M. JAN. | MDCCLxxx. [St. Petersburg, Jan. 17, 1780.] Copper. 
Size 30."° 

DXVIII. Merzdorf mentions a Russian Masonic Medal which was 
awarded as a premium at school, an impression of which was in the Rostock 

369 This Medal I describe from Merzdorf, who had an officer. The visit of Gustavus III. of Sweden, while 
impression in his collection ; others were in the Dresden, Grand Master, to St. Petersburg, and the festivities among 
Rostock, and Minerva collections. The Lodge by which the fraternity in his honor, gave great popularity to that 
it was struck is somewhat uncertain. Merzdorf ascribes it, rite. Though it seems probable that Russian Masonry 
however, to the Lodge Verschwiegenheit [of Silence] . originated from English authority, yet at the close of the 
Lengnich says it was of the Lodge of Prince Yelagin. In last century there were various rites practiced, and this 
the sale of the Zacharias collection, the ticket attached to Medal probably commemorates the introduction of the 
this said it was "dedicated to the Lodge at Jassy," but Swedish rite into that empire. The discords which fol- 
this statement, says Merzdorf, needs to be corroborated. lowed this and other innovations, led to distrust on the 

370 This Medal I describe from Merzdorf, who had one part of the Empress Catharine, and the Lodges were 
in his collection. The terms right and left as he uses closed a few years after. The Lodge of the Pelican was 
them, probably apply to the sides of the Medal and not of reopened for a short time in 1807, still working in the 
the observer. It was struck in honor of the union of the Swedish rite. For a while it was very prosperous, but an 
Lodge Mildlhatigkeit [Liberality] and that of the Peli- edict of Alexander closed all Masonic Lodges in 1822, 
can, under the Swedish rite, with Freese, who was a since which time Masonry has been extinct in the Russian 
member of the Aulic Council (Hofrath) as its presiding Empire. 



MA SONIC MED A LS. 211 

collection. He gives no description of it, never having seen it, and knowing 
it only from an old manuscript catalogue of that collection. This was struck 
at St. Petersburgh in 1781, during the prosperity of the Order in the time of 
the Empress Catharine, when the brethren followed the example of the Ger- 
man Freemasons, and instituted rewards, &c., for the encouragement of the 
children of Masons. These were no longer continued when the Order was 
suppressed by the imperial edict, and the Medal is probably extremely rare. 

DXIX. Obverse, Profile bust to the left. Legend, christianus fride- 
Ricus EWERT. At the bottom, near the edge, in very small letters, a-lind- 
BERG. Reverse, Within a wreath of acacia on the left and palm on the right, 
tied at the bottom by a ribbon, is the inscription in five lines, socio | per 

X LUSTRA I LIB • FRATRES MUR • | GOTOBURGENSES | MDCCCLXXVIII | [The 

Brethren Freemasons of Gottenburg to a companion of ten lustra."'] Bronze, 
and probably other metals. Size 27. 

DXX. Obverse, Within a serpentine or winding border is a bust to the 

right, with curling hair. The legend is partly obliterated, so that only post 

ERA VIRTUS can be distinguished. Between the inner and outer borders are 
two gavels, a trowel, a level, and plumb. Reverse, A border similar to that 
on the obverse, enclosing the two pillars, on one of which is plainly to be 
seen an arm, holding a sword ; between them are three burning candles, 
above which are the square and compasses, and on the right above, a gate, 
or portal. In exergue. No. 92. 

Of this Medal only a single impression is known. Merzdorf, from whom I take 
my description, says : " Concerning this piece. Von Hammerstein expressed himself as 
follows, in the Vienna Journal, 1787, Vol. 4, page 215 : — 'I send you with pleasure a 
drawing of a Medal, the original of which is in my collection. I received the same 
from a friend, who merely informed me that it was found at Munster in Westphalia, 
under the rubbish (schutte) of a ruined building. Various enlightened brethren have 
endeavored, but thus far unsuccessfully, to discover the origin, the occasion or the 
antiquity of this piece.' " It seems very clear that this was a Masonic Medal, and as 
the Lodges founded by the Grand Lodge of England were numbered, while those 

371 This is a semi-centennial Medal, which was struck proof impression in Mr. Poillon's cabinet, kindly loaned 
in honor of Ewert, in 1878, and which I describe from a me for the purpose. 



2(2 MASONIC MEDALS. 

chartered under the different rites practiced on the Continent never were, so far as I 
have been able to ascertain, I am inclined to consider this as of English origin. The 
number would not however definitely fix the Lodge, unless the date of mintage should 
be ascertained, as these numbers were changed from time to time. 

DXXI. Obverse, Three female figures clasping hands around an altar. 
Legend, above, on a ribbon, tres ad unum [Three devoted to one purpose.] 
Reverse, Harpocrates leaning upon a pillar, holding a cornucopia, and sur- 
rounded by various Masonic and mathematical instruments, similar to the 
" Freemason's Ducat." Legend, above, on a ribbon, ars prima silere [The 
principal art is to be silent.] Silver. 

This Medal, which Merzdorf describes as apparently having some con- 
nection with Freemasonry, I admit for the same reason. The figures on the 
obverse suggest those on CCCLXI and CCCLXIII, and the reverse is similar 
to that of several well known Medals already described. This piece is formed 
of two shells which screw together, and on opening them one side shows an 
engraving of the Temple of Solomon, and the other the Colossus of Rhodes. 
There are also thirteen allegorical engravings, on round slips attached to each 
other, and arranged to fold up in the interior. One of these pieces was in 
Merzdorf's collection ; another in that of the Lodge Minerva, at Leipsic, and 
others have occasionally appeared in German Coin Sales. The size I have 
not ascertained. 

DXXIL Obverse, A bust. Reverse, The meridian sun. Of this Medal, 
which Merzdorf had not seen, and merely mentions as above, a cast was in 
the Zacharias Sale. I know nothing further of it. 

I mention here also three others, which are not Masonic, but which Merzdorf 
includes under the same head with the three preceding. 

The first, one of Melanchthon, at the age of 6i, he describes, because by some 
writers who accepted the Cologne Charter as a genuine document.s?^ Melanchthon is one 
of the nineteen said to have been present. This fable receives no credence at the 
present day, and Merzdorf himself attached no importance to it, though its character 
was not so well known when his work was published. 

372 See XVIII, and also reference to the Charter of of this volume. Zacharias, Numotheca I. 4, has a long 
Cologne, under the same number in the Notes at the close list of writers on this document. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 213 

A second, struck in 1546, has been considered Masonic by some collectors, merely 
from the fact that it bears a trowel, gavel, &c., on the reverse. This, Merzdorf considers 
to have been a token of a Bank in Halberstadt, and any description here is unnecessary. 

The third has upon the obverse the open compasses, with a skull between their 
points ; and below it a dagger or broad-bladed knife, and the figures 16 on one side of 
the compasses, and 82 on the other. The reverse bears a name engraved. This he 
mentions, because in the Numismatische Zeitung, 1850, (No. 5, p. 40,) a writer, describ- 
ing one, considered it to be a Masonic piece ; a later number (18, p. 120) showed it to 
be a token of a guild at Maastricht.'" There are several of these, bearing different 
names on the reverses, known to exist in foreign collections. 

I mention here a singular copper piece, in the collection of Hon. Geo. H. Farrier, 
of Jersey City, N. J., which may possibly be Masonic, but concerning which I cannot 
decide. The obverse has a bird standing, the wings expanded, but unlike any heraldic 
charge with which I am acquainted, and above it the legend pro bono publico [For 
public good.] The reverse has the word etna over what may be meant for a perfect 
ashlar, and the date 18 17 above. There is no Lodge bearing that name on the English 
Lists of the time, so far as I have been able to discover, and I doubt whether the 
connection of this piece with Masonry is real or only apparent. 

DXXIII. Obverse, A Maltese cross, with flames in the spaces between 
the arms. On the centre is a circle on which two right hands emerging from 
clouds clasp each other. Above them the letters E C in script, with a char- 
acter, perhaps a five-pointed star, between them ; below them are two skulls, 
their bases towards each other. Reverse, Plain. Bronze. Size 17 between 
re-entering angles of the arms of the cross. This is a very poorly struck 
piece ; it seems to be quite old, and I know not where to assign it, but am 
inclined to consider it as of French or German origin, and possibly a Templar's 
badge of the last century, and if of Continental origin, probably of the rite 
of Strict Observance."* 

DXXIV. Obverse, The head of Minerva, helmed, to right. But little 
of the drapery shows, but it is caught together by a serpent on her right 
shoulder. Under the bust, near the edge, in very small letters, e. Dubois f. 

37^ The writer of the last mentioned article refers also was a Templar; and the sixth degree in the rite of Strict 

io Revue Numismatique Beige, 1847, P- 343- ?°^":'f:^''\^,}^ ^^l^'^F )b ^^.'^^'^^'^ T^T'' °' 

374 Von Hund, as is well known, held that Freemasonry fessed Kn.ght." Whether this assignment of the piece is 

was the successor of Templary, and that every Freemason correct or not, I must leave for future investigators to settle. 



2 74 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DE PUYMAURiN D. Reverse, An open wreath of laurel, tied by a ribbon at 
the bottom, encloses a circular tablet, on which is the inscription les | fid, 
Ecoss. I A I 183 in four lines ; a space is left for a name to be engraved, 

between the third and fourth lines, and after the 3 for the year to be inserted. 
At the bottom, near the edge, in very small letters, • pingret • Bronze. Size 
21. I have found no allusion to this Medal, and believe it to be rare. The 
obverse is concave. (Figure 57.) 

^ DXXV. Obverse, A triangular (A) level, with very heavy plummet, 
beside which are two acacia branches, their 'stems crossed below it. Legend, 
above, o parfaite harmonie * [Lodge of Perfect Harmony.] and below, 
ABBEVILLE. Reverse, A wreath of oak and olive, closely banded with ribbon, 
and surrounding a field left plain for inscription. Copper or silver, gilt. 
Size 22^" 

,/DXXVL Obverse, The square, compasses, and a surveyor's level, the 
legs of which are nearly parallel with those of the compasses. Legend, r/, 
L.-. ECOSS.*. PARF.-. EGALITE.*. OR.'. DE CHALON ^s * [Worshipful {Respectable) 
Scottish Lodge of Perfect Equality, Chalon-sur-Saone.] Reverse, Legend, 
PROTECTORAT MACONNIQUE round the uppermost part of the Medal, enclosing 
the inscription in two lines, 24 octobre | 1869 [Masonic Protectorate, &c.] 
The greater portion of the field is left plain for engraving. Brass, or copper 
gilt. Size 17. 

DXXVIL A Medal, without special description, is mentioned in the 
"Globe," Vol. Ill, page 390, for 1841, as having been struck for the Lodge 
called The Disciples of Zeno, of Chapelle, France, founded in 1829. I have 
learned nothing further concerning it, and am indebted to Merzdorf for this 
reference. 

DXXVin. A jeton of the Lodge Parfaite Union, Humanite et les 
Coeurs Constans, is mentioned by Merzdorf as contained in the collection of 
the Grand Orient. It is also alluded to in the Proceedings at the Winter 
Festival, December, 1829, (Solstice d'Hiver,) p. 23. I have found no other 

375 This piece I describe from an impression in Mr. Oct. 17, 1750, and is " chapitrale, " or with a Chapter 
Poillon's collection. It is not mentioned by Merzdorf, attached conferring the Rose Croix Degree, under the 
and I do not know its date. The Lodge was founded on Scottish rite. It is still working. 




CCCCLXXXII. 




36 





DXXIV. 




DVII. Obv. 



DVII. Rev. 





PLATE XVI. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 215 

account or description of it. The Lodge named had its Orient at Grenoble, 
but has not been mentioned in the list of Lodges of the Grand Orient of 
France for a number of years. 

DXXIX. Obverse, Similar to obverse of CXXH, but with some slight 
difference. In the rear of the altar is a mosaic pavement. Like CXXII the 
altar has seven steps, and the inscription is in four lines ; the left pillar has the 
square and compasses on its base, and that on the right, a level. The letters 
DES F. under the pillars are omitted. Reverse, Similar to reverse of CXXII, 
having a five-pointed blazing star on which is the letter G, within the square 
and compasses, which are enclosed in a wreath of laurel. Legend as on 
reverse of CXXII ; at the bottom, in small letters, coquardon. f. 33.-. 
Copper. Size 18. 

DXXX. Obverse, An altar between two pillars, that on the left the 
square and compasses, and des below ; that on the right having a level on its 
base, and the letter f below. The design is similar to the obverses of CXXII 
and CXXIII ; there are no letters on the front of the altar ; the triangle 
above is very small, but is not a level. In exergue, □.•. des hhh | o.-. du 
HAVRE I 5813 in three lines. Reverse, As reverse of CXXIII. Silver and 
bronze. Size iS.^'* 

DXXXI. A Medal was presented in 1841 by the Lodge Des Freres 
Unis of Marseilles, France, to Bro. Colas, for his zeal, and his valuable 
services for five years as presiding Master of the Lodge. It is mentioned in 
Latomia, vol I, p. i5o, without further description, and Merzdorf has only this 
brief reference to it. 

DXXXII. Obverse, Between two branches of olive, springing from a 
triangular level at the bottom, and forming a wreath, open at the top, is a 

376 My description of this Medal is from an impression emblems on the pillars here, which are also on thai of 

in Mr. Poillon's collection. That of CXXIII was from CXXIII. There are several varieties of these Medals, 

the engraving in Tresor, where the small triangle over used by the "Lodge of the Three Hs," so-called from 

the altar is called a level. On this piece it is plainly its motto, Harmonia, Honor, Humanitas, struck from 

not a level, but the radiant delta. The reverse has a small dies having only slight differences, and which are not 

dot in the centre under N in honor. If the description in noticeable except on careful comparison. On CXXII and 

Tresor is correct, as I see no reason to doubt, the engraving DXXIX, the rays from the Delta are dispersed over most 

being made by the CoUas process directly from the Medal of the field between the pillars. On CXXIII the rays are 

itself^ this is a varieiy. The description of the obverse of very short, and the triangle is a level. On this piece, as 

CXXII being somewhat incomplete, I have mentioned the mentioned above, it is not a level. 



2(6 MASONIC MEDALS. 

helmeted bust of Minerva, facing to the left, and below it, two right hands 
joined. Reverse, Inscription in nine lines, (a dash between the sixth and 
seventh,) □ | de l'ecole | de la sagesse | et du triple | accord reunis | o,-. 

DE METZ.-. I I J. o. P.'. v. DE I _i_ CENT. | 5785.-. [Lodge of the School of 

Wisdom and of Threefold Accor^ united. Orient of Metz, Jeton of Presence, 
value one centime, lySS.J C^er. Size 20. Rare.^" 

DXXXIII. Obverse, A triangle surrounded by rays which form an 
eight-pointed star. In the centre of the triangle is a five-pointed radiant star, 
on which is the letter G. On the sides of the triangle, bien penser | bien 
DIRE I BIEN FAiRE [Think Well, speak well, act well.] Reverse, Inscription in 
six lines, la r.-. □ | l'amitie | dr.*. de nemours ] au f.-. | assiduite | 58; 
A blank after f. and 58; for name and date. [The worshipful Lodge of 
Friendship, &c., to Bro. for assiduity.] Copper. Size ao.^'^ 

DXXXIV. Obverse, A sword and crucifix crossed " in saltire." The 
hilt of the sword is surmounted by a skull, and on the guard are cross-bones ; 
the crucifix has a scroll with inri above the figure of the Saviour, and a skull 
and cross-bones below. Between the foot of the crucifix and the point of the 
sword is a mask, and at the bottom a small five-pointed star. Legend, francs 
on the left and juges on the right, with a small radiant level at the top. [Free 
Judges.] Reverse, Within a wreath of olive, N'^ near the top of the field ; the 
remainder of the field within the wreath is blank for engraving. Legend, 
outside the wreath, les traitr^es seront funis de mort. [The traitors shall 
be punished with death.] At the bottom, • 1848- Bronze. Size 22.^" I 
believe this to be rare. 

377 This jeton was struck by the Ix)dge named, for 378 This Lodge was founded Oct. 15, 1866; this is a 

presentation to members present. It seems to be a custom member's jewel. 

in French Lodges to use these pieces, representing certain 379 This singular piece I am in some doubt about. 
values, which are allowed on presentation, in settlement Certain points about it lead me to the opinion that it per- 
of Lodge dues, — so that those who are faithful in atten- tains to a degree in the Ancient and Primitive rite, so- 
dance tliereby lighten their contributions to the running called, the presiding officer in the " Grand Tribunal " of 
expenses of the Lodge, leaving those who neglect the which is called a " Grand Judge." Another grade of t 
communicatjons to carry a larger share of the burden, similar name is the 66th in the rite of Misraim, and there 
This Medal T describe from a specimen in Mr. Poillon's are some degrees in the Scottish rite to which the legend 
Cahinet. The dies from which it was struck were either may allude. In note 67 a similar abbreviation was trans- 
very poor, or have been badly rusted, but the devices are lated Impecteurs, not Juges, following Merzdorf, in pref- 
clearly to be distinguished. In reference to Jetons de erence to Tresor Numismatiqne. The knowledge of this 
Presence, see Ephemerides, p. 209, the full title of which Medal leads me to have some doubt as to the correctness 
is given in note 380. of that translation. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 217 

In the archives of the Lodge Parfait Silence, of Lyons, France, is a " bijou " of 
yellow copper, of large size, and a thickness of three millimetres. It is a circle sur- 
rounding a star of fifteen points, and in the centre the square and compasses. Whether 
this is struck or cut from a planchet does not appear, but probably the latter. Vache- 
ron3^° gives an engraving (page 39 Ephemerides) of this, which he says has no inscrip- 
tion, and was probably worn by the Presiding Master. 

Another ancient jewel is illustrated by Vacheron, page 79, which appears to have 
been struck, but is not properly a Medal. It is composed of two triangles interlaced, a 
small circle on each point, two clasped hands in the centre, and a fan of rays in each 
angle. On the left side of the triangle, in front, loge reguliere de, on the right la 
SINCERE AMiTiE, and ou the bottom, o.'. de lyon. [Regular Lodge, &c.] This is of 
gilt metal. 

Still another jewel, also apparently struck, but not properly a Medal, is mentioned 
and illustrated by Vacheron on page 126. It is a cross of seven arms, which are shaped 
like those of a Maltese cross, with formal rays of silver emerging between and from the 
centre of each arm. The arms are also divided longitudinally, and have Masonic em- 
blems on each : beginning at the top are the tables of the law ; on the next is a trowel ; 
then, the compasses, square, three gavels tied by a ribbon, a level and a sword. On the 
centre is a circle, with the words ^des scot^ beneficenti^ o.'. lugduni. [Scottish 
Lodge of Beneficence, Orient of Lyons.] Within the circle a double triangle interlaced, 
enclosing a radiant delta, bearing the tetragrammaton. Size 8 centimetres or about 48. 
Copper, gilt. 

DXXXV. Obverse, A cross pointed, with a small triangle, or delta, on 
its centre, around which is another and larger one; the spaces within the 
arms are filled with rays ; eight five-pointed stars surround the rays, two 
between each arm of the cross. Legend, on a circle, s.-. c*. e.-. de la r.-. □ 
ECO.-, d'jsis o.-. de LYON + [Sovereign chapter, Scottish rite, of the Wor- 
shipful Lodge of Isis, Orient of Lyons.] This Medal is in the form of a star 
,of five points, the two side points appearing in front of the circle, dividing the 
legend. Reverse, Isis, veiled, seated facing ; around her is a serpent, his 
head at the top, on the coils of which is the inscription in two circular lines, 

380A very full and interesting historical account of the is "Ephemerides des Loges MaQonniques de Lyon." It 

Lodges at Lyons, France, in the form of Annals, has been is copiously illustrated with engravings of the Medals or 

published by Mons. Edouard Vacheron, Presiding Master bijoux of the Lodges, and also of their seals. I am in- 

for several years of "Simplicite Constance," from virhich debted to Mr. Geo. F. Ulex, of Hamburg, for a copy of 

I have taken most of the following descriptions of the this valuable work, as for many other similar good ottices 

Masonic Medals struck in that city. The title of the work in the preparation of this Catalogue. 



2i8 MASONIC MEDALS. 

reading from the centre, je suis tout ce qui a ete tout ce qui est tout 
CE QUI SERA et nul mortel na leve mon VOILE. [I am all that has been, all 
that is, all that shall be, and no mortal has ever lifted my veil.j Around the 
serpent is a circle on which is the legend, si fodieris on the left, invenies 
on the right, [If you dig you will find] and a small cross patee at the bottom. 
On the reverse the three points of the star which are partly concealed on the 
obverse, come out upon the circle. At the top is a ring to suspend it. Size 
as engraved,'^' of the circle, 24, and of the star from point to point, 31 nearly. 
The metal I have not ascertained. Very rare. 

On page 124 of the same work is an engraving of another device of this Lodge — 
a head of Isis surrounded by rays, in a double triangle which forms a six-pointed star, 
surrounded by a circle on which is the legend, r.'. loge ecossaise d'jsis o.'. de lyon. 
This is placed on a star of seven points, three of which show in front, and the other four 
are behind the circle. Vacheron makes no allusion to this cut, that I can discover, and 
I am uncertain whether it was a "bijou," or merely a device on the "Tableau "of 
members. 

DXXXVI. Obverse, The square and compasses, enclosing a gavel 
erect. Legend, loge de la candeur de lyon. [Lodge of Candor, &c.J 
Reverse, Two branches of acacia, crossed ; a level above ; between the stems 
and on each side a small six-pointed star, its centre " voided : " at the bottom, 
1 8 19. Copper. Size 12.^^^ 

DXXXVIL Obverse, A temple approached by seven steps, between 
two pillars ; that on the left has the moon, and that on the right the sun on its 
capital ; on the left of the temple a square, on the right the compasses, and 
above a radiant star of five points ; on the field are scattered nine stars, and 
above is a canopy, from which a curtain falls on either side. In exergue, a 
skull, behind which is a sword and bone crossed ; on the right a rough and on 
the left a perfect ashlar. Legend, below, reg.\ gs de l'equerre & compas 
[Regular Lodge of the Square and Compasses,] between two sprigs of 

381 Engraved in Ephemerides, p. 131. This is placed signifying Respectable (Worshipful,) may mean Seguliere 

by Vacheron under 1808. The Lodge was constituted (Regular). Either would be correctly used. 
April 6, 1806, and installed Sept. 14 following, but became 382 Engraved by Vacheron, Ephemerides, p. 141 ; prob- 

extinct in 1813, inconsequence of the political disturbances ably a "jeton de presence " of the Lodge named. The 

of the times. The letter R which I have here taken as Medal of the Lodge is described below, under DXLVI. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 219 

acacia, crossed at the top, which extend downwards to the legend. Reverse, 
Engraved, the square and compasses. Yellow copper, elliptical. Size, as 
engraved,^'^ 24 by 28. A loop and ring at the top. 

DXXXVIII. Obverse, A circle, on which is a wreath of laurel, tied at 
the bottom, surrounding an equilateral triangle, its points extending upon the 
wreath : in each angle are three five-pointed stars, separating the words of 
the legend ; on the left side, enfans ; on the right, d'hiram, and on the lower, 
0.-. DE LYON, the points after the o are very small stars. A smaller triangle 
encloses a radiant H. The spaces between the sides of the triangle and the 
wreath are cut out. Reverse, Plain. A loop and ring at the top. Copper, 
gilt. Size 27. 

DXXXIX. A variety of the preceding, mentioned in Ephemerides,'^'' is 
a little smaller ; the triangle a little larger, and three points in place of the three 
stars at the angles. Copper, gilt. Size 2 5. 

DXL. Obverse, Seven equilateral triangles "voided;" their bases, out- 
side, form a heptagon, and their sides a star ; the apex of each, touches a small 
circle, on which is a five-pointed star. Legend, l.-. r.-. du parfait silence 
o.-. DE LYON R.-. Ecoss.". ET MOD.'. [Regular Lodge of Perfect Silence, Orient 
of Lyons, practicing the Scottish and Modern Rite.] Reverse, As obverse, 
but the legend is akctissimum amoris vinculum [The closest bond of love.^*^] 
Size as engraved, 22 from side to point. 

DXLL Obverse, Two triangles interlaced and surrounded by rays. The 
centre has two clasped hands " giving each other the grip of brotherhood : " 
on the points of the triangles are small balls. On the sides of one triangle are 
REGULiERE DE LA j SINCERE AMiTiE | 0.'. DE LYON □ [Regular Lodge of Sin- 
cere Friendship.] The other is blank. Reverse, Plain. Size as engraved, ig?^^ 

DXLU. Obverse, A triangle surrounded by formal rays, having upon 
it the letter G, and a small five-pointed star in each angle. Legend, on a 

383111 Ephemerides, page 146, there is an engraving struck in 1828, and adopted by the Lodge May 28. En- 

and description of this Medal, which was the first one graved in Ephemerides, page 152. 

worn by the Lodge named. 386 Engraved in Ephemerides, page 154. This is a 

384 This Medal is engraved in Ephemerides, page 148. member's jewel of the Lodge named, as used m i»29. 
The Lodge was constituted May 22, 1825. Though the piece is struck from dies it is not properly a 

385 This legend is, with the simple change to the singu- Medal, and is admitted as others before have been, (bee 
lar number, from Cicero (Attic. 6. 2). The Medal was note 180.) The metal is not named by Vacheron. 



220 MASONIC MEDALS. 

ribbon below the triangle, r □ de bienfaisance et amitie. [Regular Lodge 
of BenevoJence and Friendship.] Reverse, Plain. Size as engraved,^^' 26. 

DXLIII. Obverse, A circle covered with rays which would converge at 
the centre, surrounding a six-pointed star formed by a double triangle, the 
surface of which is divided into six lozenges : on its centre is the letter G. 
Legend, on the circle, above, union et confiance, and below, o\-. de lyon 
5824 On the top of the circle is a crown, with a circle or loop at its top. 
The bars of the crown, and the spaces between the angles of the star and the 
inner edge of the circle, are cut out. Reverse, Plain.^*^ Copper, gilt. Size 25. 

DXLIV. Obverse, As the preceding. Reverse, As the preceding. Sil- 
ver. Size 23. This Medal is that adopted in 1869, and differs only in size 
from the last. 

DXLV. Obverse, A female figure stands facing, and leaning against 
a monumental tablet, on which she rests her left arm, while pointing towards 
rays which fall from above ; in her right hand extended she holds a wreath. 
On the tablet, in three lines, liberte [ verite | humanite [Liberty, truth, 
humanity] ; beneath these lines is an inscription in two columns, of whith a 
few characters are in cypher. Legend, le parfaite silence areopagiste 
[Areopagist Lodge, (z. e. conferring the 30th degree) of Perfect Silence.] In 
exergue, in two lines, constituee l'an 6763 | lyon Reverse, A plain field 
for engraving, surrounded by a circle, outside of which at the top, the legend 
au vrai merite [To true merit] and a wreath of laurel tied at the bottom, 
filling out the circle. Silver, and probably other metals. Size as engraved, 
28 nearly.3^9 

387 This is a member's jewel of the Lodge named, con- Medal, (DXLIV.) is engraved in Epliemerides, page 314. 
stituted Sept. 2, ■1831, as a "Chapitrale" body, and still 389 This Medal is engraved in Ephemerides, page 167. 
worl<ing. It is engraved m Ephejnerides, p. 163, and the The Lodge is now, I believe, the oldest in Lyons. In 
remarks on the preceding piece apply to this. 1833 it voted to present one of its Medals- for any act of 

388 The Lodge Union et Confiance, was founded as a extraordinary devotion, which should contrihute' to the 
Chapitrale Lodge, Sept. 26, 1824. It was dormant from national honor, and one was sent to Henin, a pilot of 
October, 1858, until December, 1869, when it was revived, Koulogne, for gallant service to an English ship in danger, 
and is still working. The earliest mention which 1 find for which deed he afterwards received the decoration of 
of this Medal, is that an impres.sion was sent to the Grand the Legion of Honor. Vacheron says, page 109, under 
Orient of France in 1832. (Jn a Medal in my collection June 2, 1834, that on that dale the l^dge determined on 
the reverse has engraved, above, la loge and below, the fnundalion of a Medal of Honor. As this Medal was 
AU F.'. CHARASSIN 1 judge from this and .'ome other cir- awarded the previous year in Septemlier, and I find no 
cumstances, that the backs of the olher Lodge jewels here account of any other, it is possible that the date of the vote 
described as plain, bore similar inscriptions. The smaller was in June, 1833. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 221 

DXLVI, Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing the radiant 
letter G ; below them a small lion rampant, alluding' to the armorial bearings 
of the city of Lyons, and at the bottom the date, 1835. Legend, above, loge 
REGULIERE DE LA CANDEUR. Reverse, Two branches, one of oak, the other 
of laurel, tied at the bottom, and forming an open wreath, enclose the field, 
left blank for engr^ing. At the bottom, very small, l. m. A loop at the top 
for the ribbon. |^ilver, elliptical. Size as engraved, 18 by 23.3'° ^_ 

DXLVn. The letters CAS arranged in a triangular form, the C at 
the top with three dots (.-.) below it, and a five-pointed star at the bottom. 
The letters signify Chapitre de I'Asile du Sage. Reverse, Not described by 
Vacheron, and I presume blank. Copper. Size i5. This is a jeton de 
presence of the chapter named.^^' 

DXLVIIL Obverse, The square and compasses ; from the interior angle 
of the square springs a bouquet of roses, the flowers filling the field above the 
head of the compasses : at the bottom are three five-pointed stars. Legend, 
separated by a line from the field, R.*. l.-. de simplicite Constance o.-. de 
LYON FONDEE AN 5829. [Regular Lodge of Simplicity and Constancy, 
founded in the year 1829.J Reverse, Plain, for engraving, or not described. 
Elliptical.^''' Size 23 by 26. 

DXLIX. Obverse, A star of five points, with rays emerging between. 
Reverse, Inscription, engraved, r.*. l.-. ecossaise de simplicite-constance, 
FONDEE 1830. At the top is a large ring by which it is worn suspended to a 
ribbon. Silver. Size as engraved, from point to point, 22. The design for 
this 3^3 vvas made by Richan, the "Venerable" or Worshipful Master of the 
Lodge, and adopted October, 1835. 

DL. Obverse, A cross patee enclosed in a wreath of acacia, tied at 
the bottom by a ribbon. On the centre of the cross is a circle, within which 
is a radiant triangle bearing the letter G ; formal rays extend from the circle 

390 Engraved in Ephemerides, p. : 74. The Lodge was 392 Illustrated in Ephemerides, page 216. This Lodge 
originally instituted in 1783, but seems to have been dor- was founded November 16, 1829, but was not constituted 
mant from 1788 to 1804. or recognized by the Supreme Council, until a year after- 

391 Engraved in Ephemerides, page 169. The chapter, wards, and it takes precedence in the Grand Orient from 
attached to the Lodge of the same name, was installed 1830. This is the first Medal worn by the Lodge. 

May 20, 1834, and this piece was probably struck about 393 Engraved in Ephemerides, p. 171. This was the 
that time. second Medal of the Lodge. 



222 MASONIC MEDALS. 

upon the arms of the cross : on the top of the cross R.-. l.-. on the right arm 
LES CHEV.-. on the bottom DU temp.-, and on the left o.-. de lyon [Regular 
Lodge Les Chevaliers du Temple.] ^^^ Reverse, Plain. Silver. Size as 

engraved, 34. 

DLL Obverse, Similar to the preceding, but without the wreath of acacia. 
Reverse, As the preceding, with the same difference. Silver. Size 21. This 
was used for the jewels given ''en recompense!' 

A Lodge practicing the rite of Misraim was instituted in Lyons in 1835, which 
adopted for its members a large jewel, composed of the square and compasses, enclosing 
a radiant star, set with brilliants and a ruby in the centre. A cluster of ten rays 
surrounds it, the centre of each group longer than the rest, and set with a crystal at its 
point. A portion of this badge was struck, but like several others already referred to, 
this is all that entitles it to mention. 

I mention here also the following : Obverse, The square and compasseS; with two 
branches of olive entwined about the points of the latter, tied with a ribbon below the 
angle of the square. Reverse, Engraved with the inscription, r.-. l.-. de l'equerre et 
COMPAS, OR.-. DE LYON. [Regular Lodge of the Square and Compasses, &c.] This jewel 
was adopted by the Lodge named as its badge, April 18," 1836, and is described without 
numbering, for reasons already given.395 

In March, 1828, the Lodge Union et Confiance presented an engraved Medal of 
gold to Bro. Rivoire, of Lyons, which is mentioned, with the inscription, by Vacheron, 
p. 152. Beside the above, there are also many Medals of gold mentioned by Vacheron, 
as awarded for prizes for Masonic work, or to Past Masters, which he does not describe, 
further than to name the Lodges by which, or the occasions when they were awarded, 
and in some cases to give the inscriptions. As they seem to have been engraved, not 
struck, I have excluded any account of these pieces.39^ 

DLIL The Lodge of the Polar Star, of Lyons, in January, 1835, adopted 
a Medal which, says Vacheron, was of silver, in the form of a star surmounted 

394 The "Order of the Temple," says Vacheron, Ephe- work should be done until all the brethren should have 

merides, p. 172, where will he found an engraving of this the costume of the Order." Ephemerides, p. 185, has an 

piece, "established a short time before at Lyons, desiring illustration of a large decoration used by the same body, 

to have a tribune to develop the doctrine of the Order, on 395 Illustrated m Ephemerides, page 178. 

the loth of February, 1835, decided to establish a Lodge 396 For the convenience of any who may wish to learn 

for that purpose, practicing the Scottish rite, under the more about these Medals, reference is made to the follow- 

ol)edience of the Grand Orient, and bearing the name of ing pages of Ephemerides, — 152, 155, 159, 162, 170, 182, 

The Chevaliers (or Knights) of the Temple, and that no 186, 205, 206, 208, 215, 216, 221, etc. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 223 

by a quarter of a circle. He does not mention the size. April, 1838, some 
brethren objected to this as not satisfactory, but it was decided to retain it. 
August 30 following, the brother charged with having some of these Medals 
struck, reported that the dies were no longer fit for service. He was 
authorized to procure new dies, and the following was adopted. 

DLIII. Obverse, A star of five points, bearing on its centre, o,-. | de | 
LYON in three lines. A ribbon falls from the upper point, turning about the 
side points, and its ends touching the bottom points : it bears the legend, 
R.-. L.-. l'etoile polaire. Reverse, Plain, or not described. Silver. Size 
as engraved, 2\P'' 

DLIV. Obverse, Minerva helmed, and seated facing the right, and 
surrounded by rays ; in her left hand extended, she holds suspended the 
square and compasses, crossed : her right supports a spear. An acacia tree 
springs from the ground near her feet, and bends above her head. On the 
side of her seat, an inscription in five lines, l.*. de | l'asile | du sage | o.-. 
DE I LYON. Reverse, Plain, for engraving. A ring or loop attached to the 
planchet at the top. Elliptical. Size as engraved, 30 by 23. 

DLV. Obverse, Minerva seated, three-quarters facing, on a dais ap- 
proached by three steps. In her left hand extended she holds the square and 
compasses, crossed ; her right hand rests upon the side of the seat which 
shows a lion's head, and holds a spear. At her feet are a gavel, chisel, per- 
fect ashlar, rule and trestle-board, behind which is a sprig of acacia ; in the 
distance is a temple, its front having three pillars, the one on the left inscribed 
with J and that on the right with b : in the pediment is the letter G, and above 
on the left the meridian sun. Reverse, Inscription in four lines, reg.*. l.*. 
l'asile I DU sage I FONDEE EN 5827 | A l'o.'. de LYON [Regular Lodge, &c.] 
and a floral ornament below ; a loop at the top of the planchet. Silver. 
EHtptical. Size as engraved, 20 by 24. (Figure 58.) 

DLVI. Obverse, The meridian sun, surrounded by formal rays, below 
which are the square and compasses, and all placed upon a glory of rays : at 
the top is a crown, with fleurs de lys on the circlet, from which falls a ribbon, 

397 An engraving of this Medal is given in Ephemerides, page i86. 



224 MASONIC MEDALS. 

on either side, its ends touching at the bottom, and bearing l'asile du sage 
on the left, and fonde l'an 1827 on the right. [The Asylum of the Sage, 
founded in the year 1827.J Size as engraved, 19 by 24 nearly. Reverse, 
Plain for engraving a name, or not described. A double ring at the top of 
the crown. Very rare, suppressed in 1847. 

DLVII, Obverse, Similar to obverse of the preceding, but there are 
no fleurs de lys on the crown, which is higher ; the metal in the spaces 
between the bars is not removed ; the sun is larger, and is placed upon a 
tablet, from behind which emerges a glory of rays ; the ends of the ribbon do 
not quite touch at the bottom, and the rays do not appear between the ends. 
Reverse, Plain for engraving. Silver. Size as engraved,398 21 by 27 nearly. 

As appears above, the Lodge Asile du Sage had four Medals. I have arranged 
them in the order in which I believe them to have been struck. Vacheron's description 
of them is not clear, and his cuts do not agree with his text. Under date of March, 
1840, page 192, of Ephemerides, it is said, "The die used to strike the Medals having 
become worn, so as to be no longer fit for use, is deposited in the archives." In con- 
nection with this he places the cut of the Medal of which a proof was shown in 1847, 
and rejected (DLVI). I suppose the worn out die to have been that from which the 
Medal was struck of which he gives an engraving on page 333, (DLIV,) although he 
there says that this cut belongs under date of April 29, 1844, when the Lodge "voted on 
preparing the Medals or bijoux." October, 1846, (p. 219,) " a brother proposed to the 
Lodge that the ancient bijoux (a la Minerve) which the brethren were wearing should 
be exchanged for new ones, at the expense of the Lodge, desiring to have uniformity 
in the matter. Forty Medals in silver, of the best quality, were voted." I take this to 
have been DLV, that engraved on page 226, but there is no mention of the date of its 
adoption, unless it be implied under April, 1844. This cut is however clearly out of its 
chronological order, since it follows some pages after October 4, 1847, when (page 223,) 
it is said that "the impression of the new Medal bearing fleurs de lys, the Lodge votes 
unanimously that they shall be suppressed, and in addition that the new Medals shall 
have but one ring." The rejected Medal agrees with that engraved on page 192, DLVI, 
and those having but one ring, without fleurs de lys, agree with DLVII. The last is 
engraved on page 257, where Vacheron says it should have been placed on page 223, 
which is also an error, as the Medal shown at the meeting there chronicled had fleurs 

398 This Lodge was constituted February 29, 1828 (the last day of the Masonic year 5827). 



MASONIC MEDALS. 



225 



de lys. To make his cuts agree with the text, one of the " Minervas " should be placed 
at page 192, another at page 219— and the larger, DLIV, seems to me to be the older ; 
the crown with fleurs de lys at page 223, and the other farther on, though the date of 
its adoption is not mentioned. 

DLVIII. Obverse, A " Maltese cross of eight points." On the centre 
is a circle with the inscription, amis | des | arts | 5840 [Friends of the Arts] 
in four lines, surrounded by two branches of laurel, crossed at the bottom. 
Reverse, As the obverse, but the central tablet has no laurel, and bears o.-. | 
DE LA I GUiLLOTiERE | RHONE in four lines. Silver. Size as engraved, 27 
across from opposite angles. ''^ 

DLVIX. Obverse. Similar to the preceding, but the centre has a circle 
with the meridian sun, and around it the legend, □ r.-. les amis des arts. 
The spaces between the arms have emerging rays, and each arm bears three 
small stars. Reverse, Similar to the obverse, but the arms have but one star ; 
the centre of the circular tablet is plain, and around it is the legend above, 
0.-. de LYON and below, » .5840 » Silver. Size 19.*°° 

DLX. Obverse, Legend, r.-. l.*. les chevaliers du temple surround- 
ing the inscription in two lines, c*. de j lyon Reverse, A cross patee. 
Legend, jeton de presence. Yellow copper. Size as engraved,'*"' 16. 

DLXL Obverse, An antique temple. Legend, rNHei ZEATTON. 
[Know thyself.] Reverse, An equilateral triangle surrounded by rays, and 
having upon it the letter G. Legend, l'areopagite du parfait silence [The 
Areopagite Lodge of Perfect Silence.] Silver. Size " of a two franc piece." ""^ 

DLXII. Obverse, On a circular pedestal, a burning taper. Beneath 
the pedestal are the square and compasses. Legend, o.\ de lyon (vaise) 

399 This is engraved in Ephemerides, page 194. The of them. In December, 1854, they appear to have been 
Lodge was founded April 16, 1840. no longer used. (Eph. p. 250.) 

400 This is engraved on page 199 of Ephemerides. It 402 This Medal, described in Ephemerides, p. 209, was 
seems to be a later bijou of the Lodge than the one pre- of the value of I fr. 50 c. and struck by the body named 
viously described. 2& ?>." recompense a I'assiduite" for its members. ALten- 

401 This jeton, which is engraved in Ephemerides, page dance at three meetings of the Lodge, the Chapter, and the 
239, was established Dec. 1842, by the body named, and Council, by vole of August 19, 1844, entitled a brother to 
its value fixed at 50 centimes ; at this same session it was one, and the treasurer was authorized to receive them at 
voled that one should be delivered to each brother present the value of one franc in payment ol the dues, which were 
at the "seances <V obligation" or regular communications in the following month fixed at 50 francs, but reduced the 
of the Lodge. In 1851, a vote was passed to strike i,cx» next year. 



226 MASONIC MEDALS. 

AMIS DE LA VERITE. [Friends of Truth, &c.] Reverse, Plain for engraving.''"^ 

Size 24. 

DLXIII. Obverse, A star of six points formed by two triangles inter- 
laced ; between the points of the star are flames ; on the centre is the letter 
H, with the open compasses above, a square below, a plumb on the left, and a 
level on the right. A circle surrounds the star, with a ribbon tied in a bow 
at the top, and its ends falling on either side, above which is a double 
ring attached to the planchet. Reverse, Plain for engraving/"" Size as 
engraved, 24, 

DLXIV. Obverse, A five-pointed radiant star. Legend, jeton de 
PRESENCE. Reverse, Inscription on the field in two lines, o.-. de | lyon sur- 
rounded by the legend, simplicite Constance Yellow copper. Size as 
engraved,'*"^ 16. 

DLXV. Obverse, A triangular level between two branches of acacia, 
tied by a ribbon at the bottom ; within the level a small five-pointed star, 
suspended upon the cord of the weight. Legend, on the left side of the 
level, R.*. L.-. DES AMIS, on the right, des hommes, and on the cross-bar, o.*. 
DE CAL [Regular Lodge of Friends of Mankind, Orient of Calaire.] Reverse, 
Inscription in three Hnes, fondee | en | 6849. A ring at the top of the 
planchet. Size 24. 

DLXVI. Obverse, Similar to the above, but the leaves of the acacia 
are not so closely set, and the field is cut out. Reverse, As the last.''"* 
Size as engraved, 24. 

DLXVII. Obverse, Similar to obverse of DXLI, but the error in 
arranging the legend is corrected ; on this it begins to read at the right of the 
lower bar of the triangle, □ reguliere, on the left side de la sincere.'. 

403 I find this engraved on page 211 of Ephemerides, was adopted by the Lodge named, in February, 1846, 
beside another cut of similar design. I suppose one to when the annual dues were fixed at 24 francs; the value 
have been the Seal, and this the Medal of the Lodge. It of the jeton was fixed at 50 centimes, to be allowed in 
is the second or third Lodge, says Vacheron, which has settlement of dues, and one was given to each brother 
borne this name at Lyons. This was constituted August present at the meetings of "obligation." They were 
12, 1844. suppressed in December, 1854, and in 1872 others, some- 

404 An earlier Medal of this Lodge is described under what simil.ir, were adopted. See DLXXXI. 
DXXXVIII. This is engraved under 1845, page 213, 406 Engraved in Ephemerides, page 231. The second 
Ephemerides. of these Medals is the later. The Lodge was constituted 

405 This jeton, engraved on page 218 of Ephemerides, March 9, 1849. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 227 

and on the right, amitie o.-. de lyon. Reverse, Plain for engraving. Silver. 
Size as engraved, 20 nearly.*"' 

DLXVIII. Obverse, A star of five points, on which are placed the 
compasses extended, the head between the lower points ; from the top hangs 
a ribbon extending to the two lower points, and bearing the legend r.-. l.-. 
ETOiLE ET COMPAS, and on the centre of the star, in three lines, o.*. | de | lyon. 
[Regular Lodge of the Star and Compasses.] Reverse, Plain for engraving. 
A ring at the top. Silver. Size as engraved, 21 in breadth and 25 nearly 
in height.'''^* 

August 20, 1846, the Venerable of Sincere Amitie proposes that the Lodge shall 
establish jetons de presence ; Sept. 20, 1850, a certificate was voted instead, ' to bear 
twelve pillars, on which should be inscribed the name of a brother present at the regular 
monthly meeting, and if at the close of the year he had " assisted " regularly at each ses- 
sion, he should receive a Medal of a value and design to be fixed hereafter.' I do not 
find any special reference afterwards to this, but think it was probably the following : — 

DLXIX. Obverse, Two right hands joined. Legend, sincere amitie. 
Reverse, A triangle. Legend, assiduite. Silver.*"' 

DLXX. Obverse, Within a wreath of olive, the word candeur with a 
line beneath it. Reverse, Two crossed sprigs of acacia below, and a radiant 
star of five points above the word devouement [Devotion] which also has a 
short line below it. Copper. Size as engraved, 16.*'° 

DLXXL Obverse, The double-headed eagle of the Scottish rite, holding 
a sword, and placed within an isosceles triangle. Legend, on the, right side, 

407 Engraved in Ephemerides, p. 232, where it is stated 409 Tins Medal is described in Ephemerides, pp. 237-8, 
that this Medal was struck in 1849, and exchanged for but not engraved. It was adopted by vote of the Lodge, 
those in yellow copper, which had been previously worn, September, 1851, and its value fixed at one franc. An 
described above (DXLI). The dies were cut by Penin, a impression was given to each brother who should be 
Lyonese engraver. present at all the obligatory monthly meetings. 

408 This is a badge rather than a Medal : it is engraved 410 This is & jeton de presence of the Lodge named, 
on page 234 of Ephemerides, and was struck for the jewel engraved in Ephemerides, page 247; it was adopted at the 
of a new Lodge formed by the union of the Lodge Equerre meeting of the Lodge in February, 1854, when 500 were 
et Compas with L'Etoile Polaire, in 1850. It is based ordered to be struck. The cost of the 500, includmg the 
upon the badge previously worn by the latter Lodge. See dies, was about 40 francs. On the 13th of the following 
DLIII. From some time in 1859 to 1863, this Lodge was month, it was voted that honorable mention should be 
" en sommeil" or suspended its work ; it revived again in made of those brethren who received twenty or more, and 
December, 1863, and in March following it placed the that the jetons should not be given out till after the close 
date 1864 on its Medals. of work. 



228 MASONIC MEDALS. 

R.-. EC.-, (for Rit Ecossais, or Scottish Rite); on the left, 5844, and on the 
lower bar, r.'. □ des amis de la verite [Regular Lodge of Friends of Truth.] 
Reverse, Plain for engraving. Size as engraved, width 32, length 34.''" 

DLXXII. Obverse, The square and compasses within a wreath of 
acacia, tied at the bottom by a ribbon. Inscription on the square, tolerance 
CORDIALITE Reverse, Plain for engraving. The field of this Medal may 
have been cut out. Size as engraved, 20.''" 

DLXXIII. Obverse, A cypher of the letters L D P S (Loge du Par- 
fait Silence) in script, below which is a five-pointed star. Legend, parfait 
SILENCE L.-. CH.". AR.'. o.'. DE LYON nearly surrounding the field, and fie v dec. 
MDCCLXii. completing the circle below. [The Chapitrale and Areopagist Lodge 
of Perfect Silence, &c., founded Dec. 5, 1762.J Reverse, Between two sprigs 
of acacia, not joined, the inscription in seven lines, fete | seculaire | anni- 

VERSAIRE I de LA FONDATION UU | PARFAIT SILENCE | V DECEMBRE | MDCCCLXII 

[Centennial Anniversary Festival of the foundation of the Lodge, &c.] A 
loop at the top for a ribbon. Aluminium. Size as engraved,'''^ 22. Three 
hundred were struck. 

DLXXIV. Obverse, A collar, to which is suspended the square and 
compasses, enclosing a triangle, on which is the All-seeing eye surrounded by 
rays : within the collar, on the left of the triangle, is the letter J ; on the 
right, the letter B, and below it a gavel : two croziers crossed behind it sustain 
the collar, and the whole is surrounded by two branches of olive, crossed at 
the bottom ; above is a radiant star of five points. Legend, above, R.'. □ 
DE BiENFAiSANCE ET AMiTiE, and below, o.". DE LA CROIX RoussE * Reverse, 
Inscription, Au frere A. Terroillon, r.-. + .-. la Loge Reconnaissante, — 1862. 
Silver. Size as engraved, 2 5.''''' 

411 Engraved in Ephemeiides, p. 241. See DLXII, There seems to be an error in the abbreviation fie, which 

412 This is a Medal of the Lodge named, founded by I take to signify Founded. 

some members of the Lodge Enfants de Hiram, which 414 1 find under date of Aug. 10, 1862, (Ephemerides, 

had been closed by the Grand Orient, who formed a new 280,) the engraving described above, together with the 

body under ol^edience to the Supreme Council. It is en- statement beside it that a "Bijou in silver was presented 

graved in Ephemerides, page 266. to Bro. Terroillon," with the inscription as cited. I there- 

413 Engraved m Epiiemerides, page 277. The festival fore suppose the cut to be a representation of a later Medal 
took place in the Masoni; Temple, "rue St. Elizabeth of the Lodge than that described above — DXLII, — as it 
mix Brotteaux," where all the city Lodges of Lyons, I diffei-s also from ilie seal of the Lodge, of which Vacheron 
believe, now meet, and was attended by 160 guests, gives an engraving elsewhere. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 229 

DLXXV. Obverse, The hemisphere, with meridian lines, circles, &c., 
and three five-pointed stars in a triangular position. Legend, above on a 
scroll, R.-. LOGES MAC.-. OR.'. DE LYON [Regular Masonic Lodges, Orient of 
Lyons] and below in two semi-circular lines, curving upward, travaille, 
ETUDIE I sois JUSTE, BON, TOLERANT. [Labor, study, be just, good, tolerant.] 
Reverse, A close wreath of oak on the left and olive on the right, enclosing 
the inscription in five lines, aux | organisateurs | du concours musical | du 
22 MAI I 1864. Size as engraved, 30 nearly. The reverse was variously 
engraved, as occasion required. One of these Medals with the reverse, Au 
Marechal Magnan, Grand- Maitre Elu de V Ordre Maconnique en France. — 
1864. was presented to him about the same time.*'' (Figure Sg.) 

DLXXVL Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing the figures 
196, (its number on the Register of the Supreme Council,) and placed within 
a wreath of acacia, tied at the bottom. Inscription, above the compasses, 
solidarite in a curving Hne ; on the left, or.-, on the right, de and below, 
givors curving, all within the wreath. Reverse, Plain for engraving. A 
ring at the top of the planchet. Size as engraved,*'^ 2 i. 

DLXXVn. Obverse, The compasses slightly opened, with a triangular 
level, the angle above, between the points. , On the compasses is placed a 
square tablet, bearing the inscription in six lines, diagonally across its face, 
the first in the upper left corner, o.-. | de lyon | l.-. la candeur | l'an de 
LA I v.'. L.'. I 5783 a line above and below the word candeur. [Orient of 
Lyons, Lodge of Candor, the year of true light 5783. J An ornament resem- 
bling a quatrefoil, with olive leaves springing from the sides, surrounds the 
tablet. Reverse, Plain for engraving. Rings at the top. This, though struck, 
is not properly a Medal. Size as engraved,'''' length from head of compasses 
to plummet, 22 ; width from ends of olive leaves, 24. 

415 There is an engraving of this Medal in Epheme- 417 This is illustrated, p. 310 of Ephemerides. It is 
rides, p. 289. where it is said that eight Lodges of Lyons probably the bijou adopted October 22, i865 ; the 
co-opsrated in its preparation, which was designed as a "Venerable" having announced, Oct. i, that the dies 
testimonial of honor to be given in recognition of dis- which had been used to strike the Medal were no longer 
tinguished services to Freemasonry ot to humanity. fit for service. (See DXLVI.) If it be this, the design 

416 This Medal was struck in honor of the formation of was made by Bro. Martin. The date is that of the con- 
the Lodge named, August, 1867. Ephemerides, p. 303, stitution of the Lodge. Givors is but a few miles distant 
has an illustration. from Lyons. 



230 MASONIC MEDALS. 

»^DLXXVIII. Obverse, A pair of scales in equipoise, between which is 
the radiant letter G. Legend, sup.-, cons.-, lumiere et justice or.-, de lyon 
* 5869 • [Supreme Council, Light and Justice, &c.] Reverse, Plain for 
engraving. A loop at the top. Size as engraved,"*'^ 20. ^ 

DLXXIX. Obverse, An equilateral triangle, enclosing the square and 
compasses ; the head of the latter is a five-pointed star. Legend, on the left 
side of the triangle, r.-. □ ecossaise ; on the right, des amis de la verite, 
and on the bottom, o.-. de lyon fondee en 5844. [Regular Scottish Lodge 
of Friends of Truth, &c., founded 1844.] Reverse, Similar to obverse, the 
field being removed, but plain for engraving. Copper, gilt. Size as en- 
graved,-*'^ (length of one side) 28. A silver ring attached at the top. 

DLXXX. Obverse, The square and compasses, enclosing a trowel and 
gavel crossed, which are entwined with branches of acacia : under the head of 
the compasses, the letter G. Legend, union et confiance and below it, 
o^ de lyon. In place of the crown upon the top of the former jewel, a 
triangle, with one side at the top is substituted. Reverse, Plain for engraving. 
Silver. Size as engraved,'*"" 20. 

DLXXXL Obverse, A radiant star of five points, similar to DLXIV, 
but without legend. Reverse, Legend, above, simplicite Constance, and 
below • LYON • surrounding the word presence in a semi-circular line, below 
which .-. and under them 5872. Copper. Size as engraved,''"' 14. 

DLXXXII. Obverse, A triangle enclosed within a circle : on the left 
side of the triangle la frateknite ; on the right, progressive, and on the 
bottom, o.-. de villefranche. Reverse, Plain for engraving. A ring at the 
top. Size as engraved,''" 19. 

418 Engraved in Ephemerides, page 311. The Lodge 421 These jetons were adopted in January, 1872; they 
was inaugurated Sept. 19, as No. 204 under the Supreme were struck by Bro. Vaganay, and they were distributed 
Council. The Medal has the same design as the seal of the first Wednesday of each month to those brethren 
the Lodge. who were present. Each one represented 75 centimes in 

419 This is engraved in Ephemerides, p. 320, and was reduction of the annual dues. They apparently took the 
substituted in 1871 for that described above, DLXX, place of those suppressed in December, 1854, and there 
which bore the double-headed eagle of the Scottish rite; is a similarity in design of the two pieces, as will be noticed 
and which, having a Prussian connection, was offensive at on comparison. Engraved in Ephemerides, page 323. 
that time to the French Masons. 422 This is engraved in Ephemerides, page 328. The 

420 Engraved in Ephemerides, page 326. This was an- Lodge was installed May 4, 1873. Villefranche is a few 
other change made in consequence of the war. The new miles north of Lyons, and another Medal of a Lodge in 
jewel was adopted November, 1872. that Orient is described under CCCXLV. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 231 

DLXXXIII. Obverse, Similar to obverse of DLXVII, but with the 
addition of a double branch of acacia surrounding it. Reverse, Engraved, 
La Sincere Amitie, Or.-, de Lyon, a son V:. P.-. Guinard, i856. Gold. 
Size not mentioned,''''^ but probably about 23. 

Vacheron gives an engraving (page 246) of a jewel apparently struck by a Lodge 
bearing the name union de pierre scize. It is similar in design to the bijou of 
Sincere Amitie, and he thinks should be assjgned to the year 1830, or some time near 
that period. It is a large " jewel," and, though struck, is not a Medal, and a description 
is unnecessary. 

DLXXXXIV. A new Medal " of recompense, which was less elaborate 
than the former," was proposed in May, 1837, by a member of the Lodge 
Asile du Sage ; the die for which cost 140 francs. I find no description of 
it in Ephemerides,'*''* from which I take this mention, but understand it to be 
a different piece from the other Medals of this Lodge described above. 

DLXXXV. Obverse, An equilateral triangle bearing the letters e.-. p.-. 
and surrounded by five groups of formal rays, making a kind of star. Reverse, 
Plain for engraving. A ring at the top. Size as engraved,''^^ 22. 

DLXXXV^L A Medal was struck in honor of the Centennial Anniver- 
sary of the Lodges at Besan9on, the dies of which were prepared by Bro. 
Panisset of Lyons. An impression of this was placed in the archives of the 
Lodge Parfait Silence'*'* of the latter city, in May, 1864, but I have found no 
description of the Medal. 

DLXXXVn. Obverse, Within a circle formed by a serpent devouring 
its tail, is the radiant triangle, on which is a hemisphere surrounded by a belt 
bearing the signs of the zodiac. Legend, above, G.-. o.-. de france and 
below * recompense ma9.-. • [Masonic reward of the Grand Orient.] Re- 
verse, A close wreath of oak and acacia, tied at the bottom by a ribbon. The 

423This was the Medal presented to Past Masters of the 425 Engraved in Ephemerides, page 228. This, not 

Lodge named. The one described in the text was pre- strictly a Medal, is the hijou of the Lodge Experience et 

sented July 8, 1856, and is mentioned in Ephemerides, Progress, of Neuville-sur-Saone ; and was struclt in honor 

page 254 of its installation, in 1848. 

424 See p. 181, where Vacheron says that Bro. Davinet 426 See Ephemerides, p. 288, from which I take this 

was charged with the preparation of the dies. reference. 



232 MASONIC MEDALS. 

field within left blank for an inscription. A ring at the top of the planchet.' 
Silver and bronze. Size as engraved ,"='7 32. (Figure 60.) 

DLXXXVIII. Obverse, Clothed bust of Viennet to left, wearing the 
collar and radiant delta, inscribed with 33: under the shoulder in small letters, 

ALPHEE DUBOIS F. Legend, • AU T.-. IL.-. F.-. VIENNET T.'. P.'. S.*. GR.'. COMM.'. 

G.'. M.-. DU RIT Ecos.'. ANC. ACC*. DE FRANCE -k and below, filling out the 
circle, la mac*, ecoss.-. reconnaissante [To the most illustrious Bro, 
Viennet, Most Puissant Sovereign Grand Commander ; Grand Master of the 
Ancient and Accepted Scottish rite, of France. — Scottish Masonry recognizing 
him.] Reverse, An obelisk placed diagonally upon a square foundation stone ; 
the latter bears upon its face the compasses, (points upward,) placed upon a 
triangular level, the angle of which forms a square, and to which is suspended 
a plummet. From below the base springs a palm branch on the left, and 
acacia on the right, their stems crossed beneath, with stat altus [literally, it 
stands high,] below ; a radiant star of five points, on which is the letter G at 
the top. Legend, la t.-. il.'. gr.'. □ cent.-, du rit ecos.-. anc.-. acc.-. en 

FRANCE, seance DU 20^ JOUR DU 3^ MOIS DE l'aN DE LA GR.-. LUM.*. 5862 At 

the bottom, completing the circle, (i8 juin 1862 e.-. v.-.) [The most illustrious 
Central Grand Lodge of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish rite in France, 
Session of the 20th day of the third month of the year of Great ( ? Grande) 
Lighf, 5862, June 18, 1862, vulgar era.] Silver and brqpie. Size 32.''''^ 

/DLXXXIX. Obverse, Between two pillars, which bear the letters J 
and B upon their shafts, is a temple front, approached by three steps, and 
supported by six Corinthian columns ; over the gable of the temple are nine 
stars, and above these is a radiant triangle, near which are the sun, and the 
moon breaking through clouds. Legend, l.-. des freres unis intimes c. 

427 An engraving of this Medal is given in Epheme- bined colors, for their Medals. Vacheron mentions many, 
rides, p. 233, which singularly enough is not mentioned by 428 Engraved in Ephemerides, p. 307. This Medal 
Merzdorf. Octolier 30, 1839, the Grand Orient voted to was struck in lionor of Jean Pons Guillaume Viennet, who 
institute a 'Medal of Recompense" for Lodges and was for several years tlie head of the Ancient and Ac- 
Masons, "who by their conduct, their talents, or their cepted rite, in France, and a member of the Academy, 
services, have deserved well of Freemasonry." It is worn He was made a Peer l)y Louis Phillippe in 1839, and was 
suspended by a ribbon of gold or yellow, with a green a well Ivnown litterateur, and from 1827 to 1848 active in 
edge. In this connection it may not be uninteresting to politics. He died in June or July, 1868. The abbrevi- 
mention that it is the custom in many of the French ation is plainly Gr. in the engraving. It may be an error 
Lodges to have a distinguishing ribbon of specially com- for Vr (aie), true. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 233 

DE PARIS. [Lodge of Intimately United Brothers, &c.J Reverse, Within the 
square and compasses the radiant letter G. Legend, amitie bienfaisance. 
5775. [Friendship, Benevolence.] Sih^r. Octagonal. Size 22 nearly. Rare.-*"' 

K DXC. Obverse, Similar to obverse of CLXXVI, the square and com- 
passes enclosing the letter G, and surrounded by rays (called by Merzdorf 
a star). Reverse, Within a wreath of acacia, a sheaf of wheat. At the 
top a radiant five-pointed star; at the bottom, 5775. Legend, amitie sagesse 
[Friendship, Wisdom.] Silw^, Size i/.''^" 

DXCL Obverse, As the obverse of DXC (apparently from the same 
die). Reverse, As the reverse of CLXXVI, but there is no radiant star at 
the top. The border of the obverse of this and the preceding is composed 
of small hearts, the points outward, and having a small ornament on the top 
of each. The border on the reverse has a similar border of hearts, with the 
points inward. Copper, silvered. Size 17. The die of this reverse cracked, 
showing slightly near the e in amitie, and this is, I think, probably the oldest 
of the four Medals of this Lodge.''^' 

(/DXCII. Obverse, An open wreath of laurel, formed by two branches 
crossed at the bottom, enclosing the inscription in five lines, R.'. L.*. | Des 
Amis | Reunis | a L'O.-. de | Paris [Regular. Lodge of Assembled Friends, 
&c.] Reverse, Plain for engraving. Coppel^ Size 21.''^'^ 

DXCIII. Obverse, The genius of Freemasonry, represented as a female, 
seated, her right hand upon her breast, her left resting upon a small circular 
pedestal beside her, at the foot of which stands a level : near her feet are the 
compasses and square : on the left a burning altar of three steps. Legend, 
CONCORDIA FRATRUM [The harmony of the brethren.] In exergue, in three 

429 This description I take from Merzdorf. I believe [See also note 432 below.] I describe this from one in 
Mr. Carson has an impression, and one is in the cabinet my own collection. 

of the Minerva Lodge at Leipsic; 43' I describe this from an impression in my own col- 

430 I am inclined to think this is the Medal alluded to lection. For a fourth Medal of this Lodge see CLXXVII. 
by Meizdorf, No. 31, p. 57. The date is the same, the 432 This Medal was unknown to Merzdorf. I describe 
size about the same, and if correct, "Amis Unis" in it from an impression in Mr. Poillon's collection. It 
Merzdorf, should be "Freres Unis," as this Lodge was seems, from the style of lettenng, to belong to the early 
founded in 1775. His knowledge of it came from a refer- part of this century, or the close of the last. I have never 
ence in "Solstice d'Hiver," 1829, p. 33, but he had never heard of any other. If the assignment made above of 
seen it; and further, in a note to No. 30 in his list, he Merzdorf, 31, be incorrect, it may be that this is the 
seems to think it probable that the Lodge called Amis Medal he referred to, as the name of the Lodge is quite 
Unis in the passage cited, might have been Freres Urns, similar. 



234 MASONIC MEDALS. 

lines, L.-. D.-. LAMITIE A LORIENT | DE PARIS.'. 7 MARS | .M777.-. [Lodge of 

Friendship, &c.] The groups of periods are very small. Reverse, A cypher 
of three script letters, which I take t<5 be L A P for L'Amitie, Paris. Border, 
milled. Struck like a coin. 511^/?^. Size 19. Very rare.*" (Figure 61.) 

*/t)XCIV. Obverse, Within a circle of rope having nine twisted bunches 
in it, is the inscription in three lines, pro deo | et | virtute [For God and 
virtue.] Legend, □.-. s. j. de Jerusalem o.". de paris [Lodge of St. John of 
Jerusalem, &c.] and at the bottom, 1778. Reverse, A cross potent between 
four small crosses potent, all gules. The large cross has in the centre a 
blazing star of five points. No legend. Brprlze. Size 18. Rare.«+ 

DXCV. The Lodge " Bonne Union " was erected at Paris in the year 
1773. In the " Solstice d'Hiver, 1831," or account of the proceedings at the 
annual festival of St. John the Evangelist, page 23, a Medal of this Lodge is 
mentkwied, but neither date of striking or any description is given. 

KT)XCVI. Obverse, As the obverse of CLXIV, Reverse, A beehive 
surrounded by swarming bees ; on the ground in front of it are the square, 
compasses, rule, and gavel : in the background on the right is a small pillar, 
and in the distance a temple. Legend, above, labor omnibus unus * [One 
labor for all.] A border composed of a cable tow entwined in fifteen love 
knots surrounds the field. Struck like a coin.*^^ Cop^r. Size 18. Rare. 

433 I describe this from an impression in my qwn col- behold the same, to demaund if it were not a false coat." 
lection. Merzdorf mentions it but very briefly. The The cross potent is hence often called a Jerusalem cross. 
Lodge was founded at Paris, March 7, 1777, and is still As to the change in color, from gold to red, this may be 
on the roll of the Grand Orient. in allusion to the change, said by the authority quoted 

434 This Medal, which Merzdorf alludes to, without above, to have lieen made by the French in the third 
any description, simply givmg the legend, he had never Crusade, when different colored crosses were used to 
seen, though one was in the Rostock collection. My designate different nations participating ; and the French, 
description is from one in Mr. Poillon's cabinet. The de- who bore white crosses in the first Crusade, changed their 
vice on the reverse is doubtless intended to suggest the color to red. 

arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, established by the 435 This Medal was struck by the Lodge du Point Par- 
Crusaders, which were, as given by Millington, on a field fait, of Paris, as appears from the obverse, which has the 
"argent a cross potent between four plain crosslets, or; date 5760. Besides CLXIV, there is a third Medal, 
the five crosses are intended to symbolize the five wounds already described, (CCCXLII) of the same Lodge, which 
of our Blessed Lord, and the blazonry, — metal upon has the cable tow upon it. I am disposed to consider this 
metal — conveys an allusion to Psalm Ixviii. verse 13." as the oldest, and CLXIV the next. The date, 5760, is 
Miss Millington quotes an old Heraldic writer: "Another that of the foundation of the Lodge. This was unknown 
reason why Godfrey bare that coat was this: — after his to Merzdorf. An impression is in Mr. Poillon's collection, 
conquest of the Holy Land, it was concluded that he This Lodge is said, in Kenning's Encyclopedia, to have 
should for euer use the most strange and unaccustomed been the successor of the Lodge St. Louis de la Marti- 
coate-of-armes that euer was borne, whice for theron man- nique, which was one of the three Parisian Lodges that 
ner of bearing might move question to all that should worked during the scenes of the French Revolution. 



MASONIC MEDALS. ■ 235 

r DXCVII. Obverse, Similar to obverse of LV, but the altar has acaeia 
on each side, springing from the square and compasses. The tables of the 
law have Roman numerals from I to II II on the left, and V to VIII on the 
right, and the legend is (3 saint antoine du parfait contentement ; in 
exergue, ¥.\ en SySS. Reverse, Similar to reverse of LV; but the feet only 
are bare, and the candidate is led over rocks to the path to the temple. 
Legend, accroissement de l'ordre. [Increase of the Order.] Exergue as 
on LV. It will be noticed that this Medal differs from LV in having neither 
of the legends abbreviated, while in that both are. The border is plain. Tin<^ 
and probably other metals. Size 18. 

l/DXCVIII. Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing a small five- 
pointed star, with flames from its angles, and having the letter G on its centre. 
A glory of rays surrounds the whole, forming a star of fifteen points. Legend, 
above, liberte egalite fraternite. [Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.] Reverse, 
Inscription in seven lines, a space left blank in the fifth and seventh, for a 
name and date to be engraved, l.-. r.*. □ | sT a.-, du parfait | contentement | 
AU ] F.-. 1 ASSiDUiTE | 58 [The Regular Lodge St. Antoine of Perfect Content, 
to Bro. — Assiduity]. Br^pegToctagonal. Size, from side to side, i8. 

DXCIX. Obverse, □.-. | de l'athenee | des etrangers | 58i9 in four 
lines. Reverse, The square and compassses enclosing a radiant star : within 
these, and over the star, the letter o.-. ; below, on the left of the square d.-. and 
on the right p.-. [Orient de Paris.] Silver, octagonal. Size 19 between 
oppose sides.'''^ 

''/DC. Obverse, A wreath of olive with many berries, open at the top 
and tied at the bottom, encloses the field, which is slightly raised, and has 
the inscription in five lines, le | souv.-. chap.-. | d'arras | val.-. de paris | 
5769. [The Sovereign Chapter of Arras, Valley of Paris, 1769-] At the 

After the close of those terrible times it united with Les Merzdorf, mentioned under XXXV, and which I sup- 
Amis de la Liberte, another of the three, and took the posed was that number, when that was printed. For a 
name of Point Parfait. There are several other Lodges description of this I am indebted to Bro. Hughan It 
in Paris which are still working, which date their charters closely resembles XXXV, but, as will be noticed, has 
much earlier than this, but I suppose the author quoted differences on both obverse and reverse. I am still 
above to imply that they suspended Masonic work during inclined to attribute both to the same Lodge wi h the one 
the Revolution, See Findel, p. 433- mentioned by Merzdorf, though the name is slightly dif- 
436 This is more probably the Medal alluded to by ferent. 



^36 MASONIC MEDALS. 

bottom, under the stems of the olive branches, pingret. in extremely small 
letters. Reverse, Entirely plain for engraving. Brop^. Size 21 nearly. 
Rare."" ' 

DCI. Obverse, The eagle of France, his head to the right, on fasces, 
and legend as obverse of CLXX. Reverse, A serpent ring, with the radiant 
sun upon a triangle, and the legend omnibus unus as reverse of CLXIX. 
Edge milled. Silver and bronze. Size 18. 

DCII. Obverse, A temple, &c., with legend, ab illo lux et robur as 
obverse of CLXIII. Reverse, Serpent ring and legend, omnibus unus as 
reverse of CLXIX. Silver. Size i'].^'^^ 

DCIII. Obverse, The fasces, but without the axe, tied in the centre by 
a ribbon, the ends of which float away and nearly fill the field. Legend, 
above, l.-. du centre des amis and below, o.-. de paris, Reverse, Behind 
a star of nine points, formed by three triangles interlaced^is the sun, — a face, 
surrounded by rays filling the field. No legend. Silvpr and copper. Size 16 
nearly. Rare."*^' 

^/I)CI\'^ Obverse, On a platform approached by steps, a beehive with 
swarming bees ; above is the radiant sun : on the left a Corinthian pillar with 
J, and on the right another with B. In exergue, in three lines, fondee le 
II- I MOis DE LAN | 5760. [Founded January. 5760.J Reverse, Similar to 
the reverse of CLXXXII, with laurel branches, square and compasses, &c., 
and legend, l. d. s"" j. s. l. t. d. d. s'' l. d. l. m. d. f. r. Silver and copper. 
Size 19. As the Lodge changed its name more than a century ago, this 
Medal is very rare.**" 

437 This Medal, though bearing the date of 1769, was 1830, in the " Solstice d' Ete," as having been struck by 
of course struck fifty years later, or even more, as Pingret the Lodge named, which was erected in 1822, which is 
cut the dies of the Franklin Medal in 1829, and others as possibly the date of the jeton, though the manner of 
eaily as j8i6. The Medal was unknown to Merzdorf, and cutting it is of an earlier period. There was a Lodge 
I describe it from a very fine one in Mr. Poillon's cabinet, which had borne the same name, and which was one of 
What connection this may have with the " Primordial three Lodges working during the French Revolution, with 
Chapter of Arras," said to have been instituted by Prince the title Guillaume Tell, under Roettiers de Montaleau. 
Charles the Pretender, -in 1745 or '47, if indeed it has Should it be a Medal of the latter Lodge, it would be 
any, I must leave for others to determine, as a discussion interesting to ascertain it. My description is from an im- 
of that would nivolve the history of the A. and A. rite. pression in Mr. Poillon's cabinet. Findel, p. 433, gives 

438 For the knowledge of this mule I am indebted to some interesting facts in regard to this Lodge, and also 
Bro. W. J. Hughan. • that mentioned under the next number. 

439 This Medal, which Merzdorf names, but does not 440 The Lodge by which this piece was struck is said 
describe, never having seen it, he says is mentioned in in Note 117, where the abbreviations of the legend on 



MASONIC MEDALS. 237 

DCV. Obverse, Similar to obverse of LXXX, but the standards, which 
are divided per saltire, show black at the top and white at the sides ; no red 
is visible. Legend, conseil des g.-. ch.-. el.-, k.-. s.-. des ;■ ecossais reunis 
[Council of Grand Knights Elect of Kadosh of the Seven Associated Scotch- 
men.] At the bottom, completing the circle of the legend, v.-. de paris. 
[Valley of Paris.] Reverse, As reverse of LXXX, probably the same die ; 
the cross is patee, gules, and at its foot 30.^ The legend is the same. Silver. 
Size i5.«' 

DCVL Obverse, The double-headed eagle of the Scottish rite ; above 
his head an imperial crown : in his talons a bare sword, the hilt to the right, 
but no ribbon. Legend, above, deus meumque jus. [God and my right] and 
below, ORDO AB CHAD. [Order from chaos.] Reverse, Five standards, their 
staves tied by a ribbon. The two on the left fly to the left, and the first is 
blue, the second, gold ; the others fly to the right ; the colors are, of the first 
or centre one, green ; of the next white, and of the last red (the colors are 
denoted by the heraldic lines). Legend, magn.-. ad supr.-. gall.-, orl-. rit.-. 
CONSISTOR,-. • [Grand College of rites, within [au sein) the Grand Orient of 
Prance.] Silver. Size 16.''*^ 

DCVII. Obverse, In a radiant triangle a bust of the Due de Chartres, 
wearing collar and badges of the Order. Legend, l. p. dug de chartres 
G M. de l'ordre des FRANC MA90NS EN FRANCE. [Louis Philippe, Duke of 
Chartres, Grand Master of the Order of Free Masons in France.] Reverse, 
Not described, but probably engraved. Gold and silver. Size 39 nearly."*" 

reverse are explained, on authority of Merzdorf, to have to have been struck by the body named, which is the 

been founded January 30, 1762. This Medal carries the Supreme body of the thirty-third degree in the A. and A. 

date of its foundation back two years, nominally, though rite, "composed of Regular Masons possessing" that 

as the nth month of 5760 is January ofi76l, the true degree. It has the sole power in France to confer the 

date is of course only one year earlier. This I understand 31st, 32d and 33d degrees, "as well as the equivalent 

to be the same Lodge which afterwards became Point grades in all other rites recognized by the Grand Orient of 

Parfait, as mentioned in Note 436. France." 

441 This I doubt not is the Medal referred to in Note 52, 443 The dies for this Medal were cut by Bernier, a 
the information in regard to which, as also the knowledge member of the famous Lodge of the Nine Sisters (or 
of the piece, I first obtained from Bro. Charles De Prins, Muses) of Paris ; the Grand Master was presented by a 
of Lille, France, whose collection is very large and valu- deputation with an impression in gold, and gave the 
able. The cross which he calls Teutonic, is not that so Lodge of Fidelity, of Paris, permission to wear this as a 
called here— which is a cross potent,— while this is patee. member's jewel. See Merzdorf, p. 57, and Thory, Acta 

442 This I presume is Merzdorf, 127. He mentions, Latomorum, I, 144. It was struck about 1777. The 
but without description, a Medal of the Grand Orient, of Duke was not a very sincere member of the Order, and 
silver, Oct. 30, 1838. See his 127. I suppose this Medal under the name of Citoym Egaliie, he pubhcly repudiated 



238 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCVIII. The Lodge Coeurs Sinceres was founded at Paris in 1790, 
under which date a Medal of the Lodge is mentioned by Merzdorf, who gives 
as his authority a reference in "Globe, 1841, Vol. IH, p. 390," where there is 
no special description of it. In a Manuscript Catalogue of Masonics, sent me 
by a French correspondent, I find 'one mentioned,*^ struck for this Lodge, as 
follows : — Obverse, A temple. Reverse, Plain. Copp^ Octagonal. Size 
1 7 nearly. Probably a jeton de presence, but I have learned nothing further 
concerning it. 

DCIX. A jeton was struck by the Lodge Henri IV. of Paris, founded 
in 1817, which is mentioned without description by Merzdorf, as alluded to in 
the " Globe, 1841, Vol. Ill, page 390, and Vol. IV, p. 73, where it is called a 
bijou of recompense." I have learned nothing more concerning it. 

DCX. Obverse, J. Raucher, 18 19. Reverse, An eight- pointed star, in 
the centre of which is a circle. One of these, an impression in silver, was in 
the Zacharias sale, and one in the Dresden collection. I have found only this 
brief mention in Merzdorf, who places it under Paris."**' 

DCXI. Obverse, The square and compasses. Legend, above, L.*. des 
PHiLONOMES and below, Creee I'annee 58 16 [Lodge of Philonomes, i. e. 
Lovers of Law, created in the year 1816.] Reverse, A five-pointed radiant 
star, its centre incused, has the letter G. Legend, above, jeton de presence. 
and below, 26 Centimes. Tin. Size I2.''''* 

DCXI I. A jeton, without special description, struck by the Lodge La 
Perseverante Amitie, which was founded in 1825, is mentioned under that 
date by Merzdorf, and also in the Globe, 1841, Vol. Ill, p. 390. I have no 
other knowledge of it. 

the Grand Orient of France and Freemasonry in 1793. 444 1 suppose this to be that referred to by Merzdorf, as 

Kenning's Cyclopedia says: — "The Grand Orient of CCXXV of this list, struck by this Lodge, has a date four 

France immediately declared the Grand Masterahip va- years later than MerzdorPs reference ; his date of 1790 is 

cant, —the sword of the Order was broken by the Presi- probably merely that of the charter, 

dent, and cast into the middle of the assembled brethren. 445 It would seem probable that what he describes as 

The Duke's act was in keeping with his entire career, and the obverse, was perhaps the engraved name of a former 

he who had abandoned his king and disowned his brethren, owner, and that it was a jewel of some unknown Lodge, 

perished by the guillotine November 6, that same year, were it not that he apparently memtions two pieces : it is 

pitied by none— a just retribution, may we not say after of course possible that the' Dresden impression was for- 

all, for those innocent victims he had himself eagerly merly in the Zacharias collection, but I do not understand 

aided to condemn to insult, and to death." His age was Merzdorf to mention holders in that way. 

forty -six. His son became King Louis Philippe in 1830. 446 See Note 196 and No. CCCXXXVII. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 239 

DCXIII. Obverse, Clothed bust to right ; under the shoulder in small 
letters, feuvrier f. Legend, s. s'"^ c. a. g. duc de choiseul pair de FR'i'' 
[His Grace, Claude Antoine Gabriel, Duke de Choiseul, Peer of France.] 
Reverse, Inscription in nine lines, les rr.-. ll.-. ecos.-. | au rit ancien | et 

ACCEPTE I A l'o.*. DE PARIS, | AU CHEF SUP.'. EN FRANCE | DE l'oRDRE MA9.-. | 
AU ME;ME RIT. 1 I LE 4^ JOUR DE TEVETH SSsS ] lO DECEMBRE 1 828 [The 

Regular Scottish Lodges of the Ancient and Accepted Rite in the Orient of 
Paris to the Supreme Chief of the Masonic Order in France of that rite. The 
4th of Teveth, 5828, December 10, 1828.] At the top is a very small radiant 
five-pointed star, and at the bottom, separated by a dash from the inscription, 
a flaming sword interlaced with the compasses and square, the angle of the 
latter pointing upward. Silver and bronze. Size 25. Scarce.''''^ 

DCXIV. The Lodge Amis Incorruptibles of Paris struck a Medal in 
honor of Bro. Haussemust, of the size of 18 lines, or about 24 American 
scale, which is mentioned in Solstice d'ete, 1830, page 23, and as above by 
Merzdorf. I have found no other reference to it. 

DCXV. The Lodge Des Trois Jours presented a Medal to General 
Langermann in 1832. We know of it only by an allusion in a pamphlet 
printed in 1832, giving an account of an address pronounced by Fabrice 
Labrousse, at a public meeting of the Polish Central Masonic Committee 
(Kloss, BibHography, 5337), when " a cordon was presented to Gen. Roma- 
rino, and a Medal to Gen. Langermann." Merzdorf also mentions it without 
description. 

DCXVL Obverse, Similar to obyerse of CCXXVII, but the legend, 
admirateurs DE l'univers is not divided, and nearly surrounds the globe, 
and there are no rosettes. Reverse, The square and compasses. A line 
below them divides the field ; beneath it is 6826. Sil^prr Size 17. 

447 Merzdorf has some errors in his version of the in- tion, he entered the Chamber of Peers. He filled the 

scription on the reverse, which I correct from an impression position of Lieutenant Gr. Commander in the Scottish 

in my collection. The Duke was born in 1760, and a rite under Count Segur, and June 29, 1825, succeeded him, 

relative of the eminent French statesman of the same being mstalled the foUowmg December. He was also 

name Colonel of the Royal Dragoons in 1789, he was Grand Venerable of the Grand Loge Centrale, established 

chosen to guard the King in his escape to the frontier, was by the same rite, which had but a brief existence. [See 

arrested at Varennes and imprisoned ; he emigrated in Findel, p. 567.] He was succeeded m the Grand Coun- 

1793, and returned to France in 1804. After the restora- cil, I believe, by Lafayette, and died in 1838. 



240 MASONIC MEDALS. 

i/dCXVII. Obverse, Similar to the preceding : the legend entirely sur- 
rounds the globe, and there is a dot at the bottom. Reverse, The square and 
compasses ; below the square two branches of acacia crossed. Legend, above, 
TOLERANCE ET PKOGRES [Tolerance and progress] and below, • 5836 « The 
rosettes are very small. Silvpl:^ Size 1 4 nearly."*^ I think this is the rarest 
of the three Medals of the Lodge. 

DCXVIII. The Lodge Ecossais Inseparables of Paris struck an octa- 
gonal jeton, with legend, fraternite morale charite. It is of copper, and 
size about 14. I have not obtained a description. 

DCXIX. The Lodge Mars et Themis of Paris have struck a Medal 
with the legend, non lex sine armis [There can be no law without arms.J 
It is of silver. Size 18 nearly. I have obtained no description. 

DCXX. Mount Sinai Lodge (?) of Paris have struck a Medal which 
has the legend, nous serons eclaires puisque nous voulons d'etre. [We 
shall be enlightened since we w^ish to be.j It has the date 20 Fevrier 
(February) 1822, and is of copper, octagonal. Size about is.''*' I know 
nothing more of it. 

DCXXI. Obverse, Minerva, with helmet ; in her left hand a spear, and 
in her right extended she holds a level ; before her, on the left, is a wall 
partly completed, with a square at its foot, and a rule, gavel, &c., behind her. 
Legend, above, consociare amat. [It loves to assemble.] The exergue is 
plain. Reverse, The front of a temple, having a pyramidal top, and a portico 
with steps and pillars, and statues above, on the right : in the distance, on the 
left, a bridge and towers. Legend, arte soliditas [Solidity from art.] In 
exergue, in two lines, : art de la : | MA90NNERIE [Art of Masonry.] Silver. 
Size 19 nearly .*=° Scarce. 

448 Toleration was the watchword of French Masonry description of the same obverse, or one exactly correspond - 
at this time, when great efforts were making to harmonize ing to it — "Minerva armed, having at her feet instruments 
the various disputes growing out of the rites of the high of architecture, and holding a level ; above, one reads 
degrees in France. See note 140. Consociare amat, ^Vc." The reverse of this lie gives in 

449 See CCCXXXIX, the reverse of which has the same the same quotation as follows: "In the field above a 
legend, but was struck from a larger die. fleuron, SOCIETE philotechniqoe ; this is a jeton of a 

450 This and the following Medal were iu the Zacharias society of friends of arts and letters, which meets at 
collection, and the first is in that of the Minerva Lodge at Paris." This seems to cast some doubt on the connection 
Leipsic, the Rostock collection, and Mr. Poillon's. Merz- of this Medal with Freemasonry. Its place of mintage 
dorf considers it Masonic, but (page 91) quotes a French and date is unknown. 






60 



DLXXXVII. 




PLATE XVII. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 241 

DCXXII. Obverse, As obverse of DCXXI. Reverse, A wreath of 
oak, enclosing the inscription, liberte egalite Silver. Size 19 nearly. 

DCXXIII. Obverse, A bee. Legend, above, « □ Bonaparte • and 
below, FONDEE EK 5852. Reverse, The square and compasses entwined with 
acacia, and enclosing the letter G. Legend, above, jeton de presence. 
Below are three five-pointed stars. Brass.*'' Size i6. 

DCXXIV. In a list of Masonics in the collection of a correspondent 
in France, I find another jeton de presence of this Lodge mentioned. It is 
octagonal, of copper, and size 16 nearly. I have obtained no description. 

DCXXV. Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing a five-pointed 
radiant star, with branches of myrtle, crossed at the bottom, on either side. 
Legend, bufside a' circle which "surrounds the field, above, .-. festival de 
s^ MAXiMiN .-. and below, i- aout 1869. [Festival, &c., August i, 18^9.] 
Reverse, Three small circular tablets, one with bust of Napoleon, a second 
with that of Eugenie, and a third, below, with that of the Prince Imperial, all 
to the left. In the space above them a radiant N, in the centre a small star of 
six points, and on either side below, a sprig of olive. Legend, outside a circle 
surrounding the field, above, * napoleon hi empereur * eugenie impera- 
TRiCE * and below, s. a. le prince imperial [S. A. for Son Altesse, his 
Highness,] Silver, gilt. Size 21. 

DCXXVI. Obverse, A shield bearing the Arms of the city of Paris, — 
gules, an ancient galley of three masts, on waves of the sea : a chief azure, 
seme of fleurs de lys. Crest, a mural crown, towered. On either side 
branches of oak leaves, crossed below the base of the shield. Motto above 
the crest, on a ribbon, republique francaise. Reverse, As reverse of 
CCXLVIIL Tin. Size 28.^^ 

DCXXVII. Obverse, As obverse of CLVII, Reverse, Between the 
two pillars surrounded with globes, is a level, above which is the blazing star 
of five points, bearing the letter G. In the field on the right J, and on the 

451 I have been informed of a jeton in copper, of this reign of the Commune. The word Guerre, in the last 
Lodge, size l8 nearly, which I suppose to be; this, struck line, has no final e, either on this Medal or CCXLVIII. I 
on a larger planchet. describe this from a fine impression in Mr. Poillon's 

452 This Medal, like CCXLVIII, and others previously collection, 
described, [See Note 155,] was struck in 1871, during the 



242 MASONIC MEDALS. 

left B. In exergue, a perfect ashlar, hkving 1848 on its front. Copper. Nine 
sided. Size 17 from side to opposite angle.'*" 

DCXXVIII. A Medal with legend, amitie bienfaisance humanite 
[Friendship, Benevolence, Humanity,] was struck by a Lodge in Paris, called 
Berceau des Amis de I'Humanite, [Cradle of the Friends of Humanity.] It 
bears the date 58 17, is of silver, and size i5 nearly. I have been able to 
learn nothing more of it. 

i/l5CXXIX. A Medal bearing the inscription, liens de la parfaite 
AMITIE [Ties of Perfect Friendship], of silver, size about i5, is mentioned by 
a French correspondent, but I know nothing of it beyond these facts. I un- 
derstand it to have been struck at Paris. 

-^ DCXXX. The Lodge Patronage des Orphelins, of Paris, struck a jeton, 
with the legend, nisi utile est quGd facimus, stulta est gloria [Unless 
that which we do is useful, our glory is folly.] It was of bronze, octagonal, 
and its size about 2 1 . 

DCXXXI. The Lodge " L' Amitie Eprouvee," founded in 1834, struck 
a Medal which is mentioned by Merzdorf, as alluded to in "Globe 1841, Vol. 
Ill, p. 390," without special description. The Lodge was in the Orient of 
Paris, but I have found nothing further in regard to the Medal. 

DCXXXII. The Lodge Sincere Amitie, also founded in 1834 at Paris, 
says Merzdorf, had a Medal which is mentioned on the same page in " Globe," 
as the preceding. I have found no other allusion to it.*" 

DCXXXIII. In the Rostock collection is a Medal of the Lodge Union 
Parfaite de la Perseverance, which appears to be different from'one that has 
been already described,'*" as it bears the date 5838. I know it only by this 
brief reference in Merzdorf. 

DCXXXIV. Obverse, Inscription, devoument, savoir, perseverance 
[Devotion, knowledge, perseverance.] Reverse, Inscription, La Loge des 
Sept- Ecossais reunis au Respectable Frere Vassal, son Venerable, Nouveau 

453 This jeton is very similar to CLVII, but instead 454 A Lcgge of tlie same name in Lyons had several 

of the name in exergue, has the ashlar. The pillars in Medals, already described. 

CLVII are not inscribed, but have the letters near them, 455 See CCXLVI. 
as on reverse of this Medal. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 243 

temoignage de reconnaissance. 1838. [The Lodge of the Seven Assembled 
Scotchmen, to Worshipful Bro. Vassal,^* its Venerable, (presiding Master,) a 
new pledge of appreciation.] This I know only from the foregoing reference 
taken from Merzdorf, who quotes it from Latomia, Vol. I, p. i5i. It would 
seem to have been an engraved Medal, at least its reverse. 

DCXXXV. The Lodge Des Amis Fideles of Paris, struck an octagon 
jeton, with the date 6839, an impression of which, says Merzdorf, is in the 
Rostock Cabinet, and is mentioned in " Globe," in the same connection with 
others just described. I know nothing concerning it, 

DCXXXVL Obverse, Between two branches of laurel, crossed at the 
bottom, is a lyre ; on its top, separating the branches, a small radiant sun ; 
a circle of short rays surrounds the field, outside of which is the legend, 

LOGE • DE • LA • PARE • ESTIME • ET • SOCIETE • OLYMPIQUE • [Lodge of Perfect 

Esteem and Olympic Society.] Reverse, A wreath of acacia, crossed at the 
bottom ; at its top, separating the branches, is a love knot of ribbon, to wMch 
are suspended the compasses, rule, square, trowel, a roll or charter, and a bell- 
shaped level. In exergue, in two lines, restauravit | 1782 [Literally. He 
restored it.] Edge milled. Struck like a coin. Silver and copper. Size 19. 
Rare.*" 

DCXXXVII. The Lodge Des Neuf Soeurs issued a Medal in honor of 
Count Damilly, having upon it his bust. It was struck in silver and tin, and 
was size 19 nearly. I have found no description of it.''^' 

456 p. G. Vassal was a physician, born in 1769. He the Secretary of the unfortunate Princess Elizabeth, and a 
held the office of Grand Secretary of the Grand Orient of member of the Academy, Changeux, an able writer on 
France, and was President of the College of Rites. He philosophy and grammar (one of the founders), Orator of 
was the author of some historic works on Freemasonry, the Lodge, and who pronounced a eulogy on Voltaire, 
and died in 1840. Moulin de Chesnaye, one of its Masters, the Abbe Cordier 

457 I describe this from an impression in my own collec- de St. Firmin, author of several "Eloges Historiques, " 
tion. Merzdorf calls the wreath on the reverse laurel also, who was present-at the reception of Voltaire, De la Dix- 
it is very different from that on the obverse, which he calls merie, who pronounced the funeral address on Voltaire, 
laurel, and I think is doubtless intended for acacia. I Nov. 28, 1778, an author of many works, and who ren- 
have not found any explanation for the exergue. dered the Lodge eminent service, De Lalande, the famous 

458 We have already mentioned several Medals of this astronomer, already mentioned as its founder, Jacques De 
famous Lodge, which was composed of many distinguished Lille, a celebrated poet, sometimes called the French 
brethren. Beside those whose names have already been Virgil, R. Desfeze, the able defender of Louis XVI.; an 
given (see LIX) were Antoine Blane, a litterateur, who Academician, and peer of France, Dupaty, Avocat General 
wrote several tragedies; Louis L. de Boissi, author of some and afterwards judge, Elie de Beaumont, "an able man 
historical works. Count T. de le Hondy, Prefect of the and writer," an «T'<;fa/ of Paris, the Chevalier de Florian, 
Rhone under Napoleon I., Pierre J.J. Cabanis, an eminent "one of those, literary "men who have the most honored 
physician, who translated the Iliad into French, Chamfort, their goodly profession by integrity of morals," the Count 



244 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCXXXVIII. The Lodge St. Louis de la Martijiique, of Paris,«9 struck 
a Medal, having on the obverse the figure of St. Louis ''en pierres." The 
reverse is plain. It is of bronze. Size 20, I have not obtained a further 
description of this, but an impression is in the cabinet of a French correspon- 
dent, from whom I learn of its existence. 

DCXXXIX. The Lodge Temple de J'Union des Peuples, of Paris, has 
struck a jeton, bearing on the reVerse presence. It is of copper. Size about 
14. I know of it only by mention in a Catalogue. 

DCXL. The Lodge Union Parfaite de la Perseverance, of Paris,"^" 
struck a jeton, with reverse, assiduite. It is of copper, heptagonal, and 
size 13. 

DCXLI. The Lodge Vraie Reunion, of Paris, struck a Medal bearing 
on the reverse the letters V R It is of tin or lead. Size 24. I know this 
only by the Catalogue mentioned above. 

DCXLII. There is a Medal, of uncertain mintage, having on the obverse 
SHY 5785. The reverse is plain. It is supposed to have been struck ■•'' at 
Paris, where it is said a Lodge called Les Freres de St. Henry existed at the 
time mentioned. It is bronze. Size 13. 

DCXLIII. The Lodge Belisaire in Alger**= has struck a Medal with 
" the obverse bearing Belisarius, a copy of the picture by David. Reverse, 

decerne a " I know this only by a brief mention in a Catalogue, where 

it is said to be in tin or lead, and size 24. 

de Neufchateau, Minister of the Interior under the Direc- of many of its members. A well known Lodge in London, 

tory as well as under Napoleon, who revived the Lodge bearing a similar name, was founded in 1777, and recently 

in 1806 with the Coimt Lacepede, Greuze, the celebrated celebrated its centenary. The French Lodge, though now 

painter, one of the original members, Grouvelle, author of extinct, is best known, and from its membership, it plainly 

a historic treatise on the Templars, Guichard, who wrote had a most appropriate title. 

some fables, epigrams, &c., Houdon, the famous sculptor, 459 Another Medal bearing the initials of the full name 
whose busts of Washington and others have made his name of this Lodge has been described under CLXXXIL 
so familiar, aud who also took part in the revival of tlie 460 See CCXLVI. I suppose the obverse to be similar 
Lodge, Houel, a painter and engraver, Louptiere, a poet to that number, but have no definite knowledge, 
of merit, Marsy, a prominent journalist, Mercier, anadvo- 461 This may be an engraved Medal, but I have not 
cate and literary man, Count de Milly, an able physicist, been able to ascertain this with certainty. The one des- 
Monet, a designer and engraver, Marquis de Pastoret, a cribed by my correspondent had a triangle with G en- 
statesman and savant, and one of its Masters, the Abbe graved on tlie reverse. 

Robin, author of a work on Ancient and Modern Initia- 462 This Lodge is in the capital city of the French 

tions, made up from his lectures before the Lodge, and Province of Algeria, and the allusion m the name of the 

many others. A history of the Lodge' was written by Lodge to the famous Byzantine General who won a victory 

Melchior Potier in 1839; Besuchet has also given notices in Africa, which made lum sole consul. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 245 

DCXLIV. The Lodge St. Jean d'Ecosse, of Bordeaux, struck a Medal 
without date, but which is attributed to the last century. The Lodge is not 
now on the calendar of the Grand Orient, and I have been able to learn 
nothing further of the Medal than that an impression was struck in silver, and 
its weight was 7 grammes.''*^ 

DCXLV. A Lodge in Bolbec (La Fraternelle) has struck a Medal, 
with reverse bearing the legend, aimez vous les uns les autres. [Love 
one another.*^*] It is of bronze. Size 1 8. I know nothing further of it. 

DCXLVL A Medal was struck at Cherbourg, bearing on the obverse 
the words la fidele maconne, [The faithful Mason,**^] and on the reverse, a 
dog, with the legend, union, force, sagesse. [Union, force or power, and 
wisdom.] It is of copper. Size i5. I know nothing further concerning it. 

DCXLVII. In accordance with custom, the Lodge Les Sept Philan- 
thropes, of Dijon, sent two of its Medals to a Lodge in Lyons, to be worn 
by its Master, and the representative of the Lodge of Dijon to that body. 
Vacheron, in whose work*^^ I find this statement, does not describe it, and I 
have ascertained nothing further in regard to it. 

DCXLVIII. A Medal was struck at Havre, on the occasion of laying 
the corner stone of a Temple for the brethren in that city. I have not been 
able to obtain a description of it, but am informed that it bears " the names of 
the four Lodges," and pose de la premiere pierre. [Laying of the first 
stone. j It is of tin or lead, and probably other metals. Size about 17.**' 

DCXLIX. A Medal was struck by the Lodge Olivier Ecossais, having 
on the obverse DR.*. d'ingouville. Reverse, The square and compasses. 
Tin or lead. Size 18 nearly."*^ 

463 This was sold by Adolph Hess, in Frankfort, Aug. 466 See Ephemerides, p. 188. The Lyons Lodge was 
29, 1876, (See Catalogue of the Sale, No. 4429,) for about that called L'Asile du Sage. The Lodge at Dijon does 
two dollars. n°' "°"' appear on the Calendrier Maconnique of the 

464 See CCXX, which has the same legend ; one may Grand Orient. 

have suggested the other. 467 Three of these Lodges are probably " Amenite" 

465 The words on the obverse are feminine, literally, "The Three H's" and "Olivier Ecossais :" the name of 
The faithful [female] Mason : the Medal may have been the fourth I have not learned. Another Temple Medal of 
struck for use in what the French call Blanclie Maconneriei Havre has been described under CCCXLVI. 

or Androgynous Lodges, which are not however, recog- 468 I suppose this to have been issued by the same Lodge 

nized as Masonic bodies, as some, previously descrilwd, as that which struck CXXV, and which is mentioned in 

were for a similar use in Oldenburg. See CCCCXI, and the previous note. Ingouville is only a mile north of 

the following numbers. Havre. 



246 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCL. A Medal was struck by the Lodge Amis Reunis, of Lille, which 
bears the name of the Lodge, and upon the reverse the legend constantia 
MERUERE LUMEN. [By constancy they have merited light.] It is of silver and 
size 17 nearly. I have not obtained a further description.**' 

DCLL The Lodge Artistes Reunis, of Limoges, struck a jeton, which 
bears on the obverse the name of the Lodge and presence. Reverse, The 
cross surmounted by a rose and the pelican feeding its young at its foot. Ti^ 
or lead, and probably other metals. Size 14 nearly."" 

DGLIL The Lodge Amis 'Reunis de Jerusalem, in Puteaux, struck a 
jeton, the obverse of which bears the name of the Lodge and the reverse the 
square and compasses. It is octagonal, of tin or lead, and about size 19. I 
have obtained no further description. 

DCLIII. The Lodge Parfaite Union, of Rennes, has struck a Medal, 
on the reverse of which is a cypher, — as I understand of the initials of the 
name of the Lodge. It is of tin or lead. Size 20 nearly. I have not been 
able to obtain a description."' 

DCLIV. Obverse, A female figure trampling on a hydra with her left 
foot ; she supports a Corinthian column with her left hand, and with her right 
places the hilt of a flaming sword upon an altar which stands upon a mosaic 
pavement and has upon its front a star of nine points, formed by three inter- 
laced triangles. On the left is an acacia tree. Legend, □ .•. de la con- 
stance eprouvee, o .•. DE ROUEN, and at the bottom .5835. [Lodge of Tried 
Constancy, etc.] Reverse, A temple supported by six pillars, and approached 
by seven steps ; the door is closed ; the frieze adorned with five five-pointed 
stars, and in the pediment are pseudo-Hebrew characters ; over the temple is 
the radiant sun ; in the foreground in front of the temple, a mosaic pavement, 
on which are the gavel, rule, level, compasses, trowel and rough ashlar, and 
on either side a pillar surmounted by a pomegranate : that on the left has j 
and the other b on its shaft. There is no legend, but a cable-tow with nine 

469 See CCLIV for another MeHal of this Lodge. now marked as Chapitrale in the calendar of the Grand 

470 This Medal, of which I have been able to obtain Orient. 

no further description, was struck for the Lodge named, 471 This is a Chapitrale Lodge, founded June 24, 
which was founded Sept. 24, 1827. It is not, however, 1748, and is still working. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 247 

love-knots surrounds the field. Sily€r and h^>rfze. Nine sided. Size, from 
sid|^ to opposite angle, 22. The obverse of this Medal resembles very 

%osely that of XCV. but is from a different die."^ The planchet has a 
loop on its top. 

DCLV. Obverse, A pelican feeding its young at the foot of a cross 
which is surmounted by a rose ; on the right are a sword and sceptre crossed, 
and on the left the compasses crowned, extended on an arc, and enclosing the 
radiant sun ; over the cross a semi-circle of nine five-pointed stars, extending 
from the crown to the sword, and above them a radiant delta ; a cable-tow 
with five love-knots, and tied with tassels at the bottom, surrounds the field, 
outside of which is the legend, souv .-. chap .-. des arts reunis val .-. de 
ROUEN [Sovereign Chapter etc.. Valley of Rouen.] The points in the legend 
are diamond shaped, and very near each other. Reverse, As the reverse of 
XCIII, the exergue of which has j .*. b .-. and not a date as described. Cop- 
per, and probably other metals. Size 20. Very rare in perfect condition ; the 
planchets of most, if not all, show that the dies were badly broken, and they 
were evidently used after they had become unfit for service, as this reverse 
shows the same cracks which appear in XCIII.*" 

DCLVI. Obverse, Similar to the obverse of XCIV. The figure pours 
water upon rocks; the acacia is a tree rather than a sprig, and the word 
couRONNEE is Omitted from the legend. Reverse, Similar to the reverse 
of XCIV. The temple has seven steps; the frieze has r .-. 18. 7.*. 58i7 ; 
in the pediment is a level ; above the temple is the radiant sun in a 

. triangle ; on the left a pillar bearing the letter j and on the base a tri- 
angle,; on the right is another, with b on the shaft and a pentagon on the 
base ; in front of the temple and the pavement, are the square, compasses, 

472 Mr. Poillon has a Medal with this obverse, but with issued XCIII, for use in the Rose Croix grades, probably 
a cable-tow only on the reverse, and the field engraved, about 1808. The device on the shield of Minerva on the 
which I suppose is XCV. It has the following inscrip- reverse is not the sun, as there described, (the dies being 
tion : 5844. I au F.-. C.-. F.-. | Nee, Maitre | 2me Surv. badly worn,) but is a star of five points. In the insciip- 
& Memb : | de diverses coram.-. | Recompense au Zele 1 tion on the frieze of the temple, the character following 
& a I'Exactitude | 5839 Mon.sr. Viennot, who furnished 13. . is not J as Merzdorf describes it, and whom I fol- 
me with the description of thai number, did not mention lowed in my previous description, but the figure 7. All 
its form, or the device of the cable-tow on the reverse. the impressions of this reverse which I have seen, are 

473 This Medal, which I describe from one in my own from broken dies, not well struck, or else show marks of 
collection, was doubtless struck by the same body which wear. 



248 MASONIC MEDALS. 

rule, plumb, trowel, gavel, and ashlar. Legend, post tenebras lux. [After 
darkness light.J Silver and bronze. Size i7.'*^* 

DCLVII. The Lodge La Perseverance, of Saumur, has struck a Medal 
in honor of Em. Bonnin, its founder, and for three years its presiding Master. 
Merzdorf places it under the date of 1841, and says it is mentioned in La-, 
tomia, L i52. I, have learned nothing of it,*" 

DCLVIIL A Medal of the Lodge Franche Amitie, of St. Etienne, is 
mentioned by Merzdorf, as alluded to in Solstice d'Hiver, 1831, p. 21, but 
without description. I have learned nothing of it. 

DCLIX. The Lodge La Bonne Foi, of St. Germain en Laye, has 
struck a Medal, the reverse of which has two right hands joined. It is of 
bronze, and the size nearly 20. I know nothing further concerning it.''^^ 

j/T)CLX. Obverse, Within a wreath of laurel is the inscription in seven 
lines, L. R. □ I DES hosp. de | sT ouen | au [ f.-. (blank for name) | assiduite [ 
1862 [The Regular Lodge of Hospitallers of St. Ouen, to Bro. Assi- 
duity, etc.] Reverse, Within a wreath of laurel, the square and compasses, 
enclosing a trowel and gavel crossed and entwined with sprigs of acacia. 
Legend, above, a.-, l.-. g.*. d.-. g.-. a.-, d.-. l'u.-. [A la gloire du Grand 
Arphitecte, etc. To the glory of the Grand Architect of the Universe.] 
^y&ronze. Size 17. 

DCLXL Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing a radiant G. 
Legend, above, union sincere and below, 6820 ; on the left of the date, in 
very small letters, delor, and on the right, r .-. Reverse, An equilateral tri- 
angle enclosing a small radiant star of five points. Legend, above, orient 
DE TOULOUSE • and below, 5836. The borders serrated. Struck like a coin. 
Copper and brass. Size 14 nearly.*" 

474 I describe this from one in my own collection. It Perseverance as Nov. 2, 1817, that seems hardly tenable. 

is very similar to XCIV in so many particulars that, were 475 The Lodge was founded Oct. 19, 1835, and, I 

it not that the description of that number was furnished by think, is still working. 

a gentleman of Rouen, I should regard the two pieces as 476 This Lodge was founded Sept. 13, 1820, and is still 

identical. The word " Couronnee" is a part of the name of working. 

the Lodge, which is still working. I am unable to explain 477 This was unknown to Merzdorf. The obverse die, 
the letters in the frieze of this or the preceding, which are in the only specimen I have seen, shows a bad crack run- 
given under XCIII ; at first I supposed them to allude to ning through the last four letters of Orient. I do not find 
the date of foundation, but as this is given in the French this Lodge mentioned on the late Calendars of the Grand 
Calendar, for Arts Reumis, as Dec. 29, 1807, and for Orient. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 249 

DCLXII. The Lodge La Sagesse, of Toulouse, has struck a Medal, the 
reverse of which has a triangle and the date 5836. It is of copper, and its 
size is 1 5. I have learned nothing further concerning it. 

DCLXIII. The Lodge Vrais Amis Reunis, of Toulouse, struck a 
Medal, the reverse of which has two right hands joined. It is of copper, and 
the size is 14, nearly. I know nothing further concerning iV^ 

DCLXIV. Obverse, The legend r.-. nDE la Concorde [Regular (or 
Worshipful) Lodge of Concord,] above, and two crossed sprigs of acacia 
below ; all surrounding the inscription o .*. | de | tournus in three lines on 
the field. Reverse, A chain, or cable-tow, forming five love-knots, surrounds 
the field, which is plain for engraving a name. At the top of the planchet is 
a broad loop with ring. Silvpf. Size 16.*^' 

DCLXV. Obverse, The square and compasses, which enclose three 
towers, side by side. Legend, l'union fraternelle o ,•. de troves and 
below, 585o. Reverse, The field is blank for engraving. Legend, separated 
from the field by a circle, devouement, humanite, justice [Devotion, human- 
ity, justice.] Bronze. Size 20.'*^° 

DCLXVI. Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing a blazing star 
of five points, on which is the letter G ; encircling the square and compasses 
is a wreath, formed of myrtle on the right and of oak on the left ; near the 
head of the compasses are nine five-pointed stars. Reverse, Saint John the 
Baptist, standing, facing, and a lamb behind him ; his right hand is placed on 
his breast and his left, uplifted, points to the radiant sun above. Legend, on 
the left, CHARiTAS * and on the right, nos vocat * [Charity calls us.] Sil- 
ver, edge milled, and copper, not milled. Size 16.''*' 

DCLXVII. Obverse, The radiant sun. Legend, in two circles, — the 
inner one, hinc harmonia mundi [Hence is the harmony of the universe] the 
words widely separated ; the outer circle in smaller letters, □ de sT jean du 

478 This is among the older Lodges of Toulouse, and 481 The reverse of this Medal is very similar to, if not 
was founded Aug. 23, 1773, and is still working. identical with that of CCXLIX, and it vifas doubtless 

479 The Lodge was founded April 24, 1859, and is struck for the same Lodge. I describe this from one in 
still working. ™y own collection. I think that this Lodge and that 

480 The date is that of the formation of the Lodge, with which it united, as was mentioned under CCXLIX, 
which was chartered May 27, 1850, and is still working. is no longer working. 



250 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DESERT A L .-. DE VALENCIENNES • * » [Lodge of St. John of the desert, etc.] 
Reverse, St. John standing, with a lamb, and legend, charitas etc., as on the 
preceding. Silver. Size 17.''*° 

DCLXVII. The Lodge Les Amis Philanthropes et Discrets Reunis, of 
Versailles, had a Medal with the legend union, travail, discretion [Union, 
labor, discretion.] It is of bronze. Size 1 5. I have not obtained a further 
description.**' 

/dCLXVIIL Obverse, As obverse of LL Reverse, Plain, for engrav- 
ing. I have seen one with the inscription engraved in three lines, Fete \ de 5 
xbre I 1846 Silver. Size 16. The punposes for which these were struck 
will be evident from this inscription. Struck by the Lodge Clement Amitie, 
of Paris. 

DCLXIX. Obverse, The fasces. Legend, unita major vis. [United 
its strength is greater.] Reverse, A sword or dagger, spear, trowel and palm 
branch, entwined with a ribbon. Copper. 

DCLXX. Obverse, Similar to the preceding. Reverse, Two pillars 
placed crosswise, wreathed with roses. Upon them a cubic stone, with inter- 
laced teiangles, and a small flame burning in the centre. Legend, stibium. 
CoRpr^.*'* 

I mention here a Medal in my own collection said to be Masonic by some, but the 
connection of which with the Order seems to me exceedingly doubtful, and if I followed 
my own judgment I should exclude it. The obverse has a fine bust of Louis XVI. of 
France, to the left. Legend, ludov : xvi. rex christianiss. Under the bust in very 
small letters, j. p. droz. f Reverse, In the field a level in the form of the letter A. 
Legend, fortior quo rectior. [Stronger as it is more upright.] In exergue, in two 
lines, batimens du roy | 1744 [Buildings of the King.] Edge and border milled. 
Silver. Size 19. I have not been able to ascertain where this Medal was struck, or its 
history, but if my rendering of the legend is correct, whatever connection thie piece has 

482 This is very similar to CCXLIX in both obverse but says they were in the Zacharias collection, and num- 
and reverse. As Merzdorf had seen that Medal I suppose bers them in his list. He may not have been aware of the 
this to be a different piece and not a more correct descrip- frequent use by the Grand Orient of the fasces as an em- 
tion. This is in Mr. Poillon's collection. blem. The word Stibium, which signifies Antimony, is 

483 This Lodge was chartered July 17, 1845, and is on used in the Twenty-eighth degree of the Ancient and Ac- 
the roll of the Grand Orient. cepted rite, and I think the Medals are properly placed 

484 Merzdorf, from whom I take the description of these among French Masonics. 
two Medals, considers their Masonic character as doubtful, 



MASONIC MEDALS. 251 

with the craft, if any, as might be inferred from the familiar emblem of the level, there 
seems to me little doubt it pertains to operative rather than speculative Masonry. ■'^s 

There is another piece, mentiond by Merzdorf, of which I have an impression, that 
may very easily be mistaken for a Masonic, and may therefore properly be described 
here. The obverse has a bee-hive on a low platform, with shrubs on either side, and the 
legend chambre des entrepreneurs de MA90NNERIE [Chamber of master workmen in 
Masonry.] In exergue, rogat. Reverse, A wreath of oak, enclosing the inscription in 
three lines, le 13 | janvier | 1810 [January 13, 1810.] It is octagonal, of bronze, and 
size 21. It has, as Merzdorf remarks, only an apparent connection with the Fraternity, 
having been struck for some gathering of operative masons in Paris, early in the 
present century. The reverse is found with an obverse apparently bearing a still closer 
connection with the Order, the compasses, plumb and rule being interlaced, and the 
legend, reunion des entrepreneurs de ma^onnerie de paris and under the device, 
l'an 1 8 10 JALEY fecit. This latter obverse is also muled with one or more reverses, 
unnecessary to describe.'*^* 

DCLXXI. Obverse, Minerva seated facing the right, wearing a plumed 
helmet ; her right arm supports a spear and rests upon a shield bearing azure, 
a level proper ; in her left hand, which is raised, she holds a branch of palm 
and olive ; before her on the right, is a lyre leaning against a globe ; in the 
foreground are the fasces and on the left the square and compasses ; behind 
her is a column upon a pedestal. Legend, unio perpetuo [Union in per- 
petuity.] Reverse, A cubic stone on a platform, having fringed drapery 
thrown over its top ; upon it are the closed Bible, square and compasses, and 
above is a radiant triangle. Legend, virtuti et prudentiae. [To virtue and 
prudence.] Tin or lead. Size 20.''^' 

A small engraved French Medal is mentioned and numbered by Merz- 
dorf, issued by some unknown " Chapter of H. D. M.," one of which is in the 

485 There are difficulties about this piece which are not Louis XV., but I strongly believe the piece to be a mule, 

easy of explanation. The reverse bears the date 1744. 486 See Tresor Numis. Napol. pi. 46, Nos. 11 and 12, 

The obverse has the head of Louis XVL, wlio was not where these pieces are engraved. 

horn till 1754, and beneath it is the name of Droz. Jean 487 I describe this Medal from an impression ni my 

Pierre Droz, a Swiss engraver of coins and medals, was own collection, but know nothmg of its origin. It seems 

born in 1746, and settled in Paris in 1766. During the to be of French design, and on the obverse, near the 

Empire he was the chief engraver of public medals and square, is a small circle, which may perhaps have the 

coins. He died in 1823. If he be the artist who en- letter M upon it. My impression has, however, been so 

graved the obverse, as seems probable, there must be an badly used that I am not certain as to this, and I have 

historic significance in the reverse, which 1 have not been never seen any other. Entrepreneurs was a term used in 

able to discover, alluding to some event in the reign of Freemasonry in the last century. 



252 MASONIC MEDALS. 

Rostock collection. His reference is so indefinite, that I have been unable to 
trace it, and as an engraved piece I should not include it in this Catalogue. 

DCLXXII. Merzdorf also mentions*^' another Medal of French origin, 
appertaining to some of the " high degrees." An impression in tin was in 
the Zacharias Sale, but he gives no description, and I have not been able to 
identify it. 

DCLXXIII. Obverse, A seated female figure, having a child in her 
lap, while another sits at her left, to which she hands a fruit. On the right is 
a laurel, and on. the left a rose-bush. Reverse, The upper part of the field is 
plain, for the reception of a name : below are the compasses, triangle, rule and 
gavel interlaced. This Medal, which Merzdorf includes in his list among 
French Masonic pieces, having learned of it from Clavel's L'Orient, (Vol. I, 
No. 9, for May, 1845,) he says apparently served as a premium. Its Masonic 
connection seems to me to be doubtful. He does not mention its size or 
metal. 

DCLXXIV. Obverse, Two branches, one of olive and the other of 
laurel. In exergue, the hexameter, et pacem damus innocuum vitiumque 
FUGAMUS [We both give peace and put vice to flight and make it harmless.] 
Reverse, Inscription in four lines of poetry : — 

Nous donnons la paix a la lerre, 

Le vice fait epouvante, 
Tel on vit autrefois le Maitre de tonnere, 

Aux aveugles mortels precher la verite. 

[We give peace to the earth ; Vice causes terror, as was seen long ago when 
Jupiter sent his thunderbolts to preach truth to blind mortals.] In exergue, 
another hexameter, hic pacem mutuo damus accipimusque vicissim [Here 
we mutually give peace and receive it in turn.[ This description I take from 
Merzdorf, who follows an old French ' Catechisme,' •"° but another ancient 
work, of which he mentions the title,""' says there are three branches on the 

489 See No. 155, pasje 89, of Denkmunzen, etc. 1746), 8° , (Kloss, 1851,) of which work see p. 66. 

490 Catechisme des Francs-Macons. Precede d'un abre- 491 Le Macon demasque: ou le vrai Secret des Francs 
ge de I'histoire d'Adorain. ..... Par Leonard Gahanom Macons, mis au jour, dans toutes ses parties, avec sincerite 

(Louis Travenol) Jerusalem, 1440, depuis le deluge (Paris, et sans deguisement, etc. London, 1751. (Kloss, 1882.) 



MASONIC MEDALS. 253 

obverse, one of olive, ■ another of laurel, and a third of acacia. The latter 
work, which mentions also the following numbers, does not give all the Latin 
legends. If this Medal is now in existence, it must be very rare. 

DCLXXV. Obverse, Two hearts joined together. In exergue, the 
hexameter, pectora iungit amor, pietasque ligavit amantes. [Love unites 
our breasts and devotion binds together loving hearts.] Reverse, Inscription 
in four lines of poetry : — 

Freres associes par un meme lien, 
L'amour fit de nos coeurs un heureuse assemblage, 
L'austere piete nous donne suffrage, 

Et nos coeurs celui du sublime Chretien. 

[Brethren associated by the same tie : Love makes of our hearts a happy 
assembly ; austere piety gives us its approval, and makes our hearts like that 
of the devoted Christian.] This I take from Merzdorf, whose description 
follows the • Catechisme,' but he mentions the fact that ' Le Ma9on demasque ' 
says there are three hearts. . Rare, as the preceding. 

DCLXXVI. Obverse, Wisdom, strength, and beauty, with their charac- 
teristic emblems, represented by female figures. In exergue, two Latin 
hexameters, mens invicta dolis hominum, sapientia, forma; | possumus hic 
TANTUM mulieribus ESSE JUGALES. [A mind unconquered by the ills of 
humanity, wisdom, beauty ; here alone can we be in union with these graces,] 
Reverse, Inscription in four lines of poetry ; — 

La Force, qui jamais ne succombe aux erreurs, 
La simple et I'aimable Sagesse, 
La Beaute pure et sans caresse, 
Voila les femmes de nos coeurs. 

[Strength, which never yields to errors, wisdom guileless and worthy of love, 
beauty pure and reserved, these are the mistresses of our hearts ;] this again, 
follows ' Catechisme,' but the other authority mentioned above, says that the 
obverse has in exergue the line, (also a hexameter,) hic posuere locum 
VIRTUS, SAPIENTIA, FORMA ; [Here virtue, wisdom and beauty have made their 



254 MASONIC MEDALS. 

home.J Rare. Merzdorf does not mention the size or metal of either of 
these three curious pieces/'" They were probably silver. 

There is a Medal, of which Bro. Hughan sends me a description, from an impression 
in the cabinet of an English Masonic collector, having on the " Obverse, An angel bearing 
a banner, rising out of an open tomb. Legend, ordre royal hospit^H militI^ du s. 
SEPULCRE DE JERUSALEM. Rcverse, A cross, having on its centre an elliptical tablet, in 
which is the cross of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre. At the four angles of the 
superior cross are four fleurs-de-lis. The whole is surmounted by a crown." The cross 
of the Order of the Knights Hospitallers, or as they were often called. Knights of St. 
John of Jerusalem, is that popularly known as a Maltese cross. Whether this Medal 
bears any relation to Freemasonry seems to me very doubtful, and I do not understand 
Bro. Hughan's letter to imply that he hokJs a different view from my own. The cross 
and crown are familiar emblems in Templar Masonry, which as formerly practiced in 
some parts of America, conferred a degree called the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre. 
The Scottish rite, as at present practiced, also has some allusions to Knights Hospital- 
lers, and a grade in the " Order of the Red Cross of Rome and Constantine," revived in 
England within the last twenty years, bears the same name. There is a symbolic 
Lodge in Paris, of the Rit Ecossais, called Hospitallers de la Palestine, and several other 
French Lodges use the word Hospitallers as a part of their names. This piece is 
apparently French, and possibly belongs to some of the " high degrees," which attached 
themselves to Masonry in that country in the last century, but I doubt exceedingly its 
Masonic character. 

There are at least three different jetons, bearing the words charge de la kacon- 
NERiE, said to have been struck in a very limited number at Brussels. I presume them 
to have been Masonic, but know nothing of their history : possibly they were struck for 

492 There is a peculiar quaintness about Ihe legends, cribed, pp. 55, 56, with the variations mentioned by Merz- 

and inscriptions on these Medals, both the Latin and the dorf, but with some typographic errors in the Latin, and 

French, which seems to show a common origin, and is be- without the French. They are said to be worn by " the 

sides very difficult to render into corresponding English; spe.iker, treasurer and secretary" in. English Lodges. 

I have therefore, contrary to my general rule of giving as The author is believed to have been one Th6mas Wilson, 

literal a version as possible, made a free translation, that who claims to have been "an officer in the army, and 

conveys their meaning. Carson's Ma.sonic Bibliography late Master of the Swan Tavern Lodge in the Strand." 

says that the old and well known, though very scarce He translates ' Pietas ligavit amantes,' piety ties the knot, 

tract entitled "Solomon in all his glory, or the Master — quite as liberal a version as tliat in the text. How much 

Mason, being a true guide to the inmost recesses of Free dependence is to be placed on this writer's statements is 

Masonry both Ancient and Modern, containing a minute dubious. From the fact that the initials on the title of the 

account of the proceedings," etc., (Kloss, 1883,) is a trans- French pamphlet are the same with those of the full name 

lation of Le Franc Macon demasque. In a copy (edition of the "translator" as he styles himself in "Solomon," 

of 1777,) of this, which is in the Library of the Grand he has been thought by some to have translated his own 

Lodge of Massachusetts, I find the.se three Medals des- work; if this be true he perhaps describes in the English 



MASONIC MEDALS. 255 

bread tickets during one of the hard winters, when Jules Anspach and other prominent 
Masons of that city were in charge of efforts for relief at the expense of the Order. 
I have seen other jetons of brass, struck for a similar purpose, of different nominal 
values, but bearing no Masonic device, which are by some classed with "Medals, though 
having nothing to distinguish them from similar tokens used as checks by restaurants, 
etc. Some of the Belgian pieces are in Mr. Poillon's collection. 

DCLXXVII. Kenning's Cyclopedia says that at the initiation of 
Askeri Khan, a brother of the Shah of Persia, and ambassador to France 
under Napoleon I., which took place in the " Royale Mere Loge Ecossaise," 
then bearing the name of " Contrat Social et de St. Alexandre d'Ecosse 
reunis," November 24, 1809, an oration was pronounced by Robelot, for 
which the distinguished orator was decreed a Medal. I have not been able 
to learn anything further of the piece, or whether it was struck or engraved, 
but judging from other instances, it was perhaps the Medal of the Lodge (see 
CXXXI), with a new reverse, prepared for the occasion. 

DCLXXVIII. In Mr. Poillon's collection is a Medal of a Chapter of 
Rose Croix, doubly struck, so that it is very difficult to make an exact de- 
scription. Obverse, A Teutonic cross, entwined with a rose branch. Legend, 
in a cypher used by the bodies of the Scottish rite on the continent, but 
nearly illegible by reason of the double impression. Sufficient can be made 
out to show that it is probably of a Chapitrale body called Constance "^'^ 
(?) Couronnee. Reverse, An eagle soaring towards a sun, or radiant delta ; 
the earth below, and the moon on the right : no legend. The reverse is also 
doubly struck, and is indistinct. Copper. Size 17. I have never seen a 
perfect impression of this Medal, and believe it to be very rare, as the bodies 
by one of which it was struck if I have correctly deciphered the legend, are 
no longer working. 

version Medals worn in English Lodges, and in the French 493 There was a Lodge bearing this name, at Paris, 

those worn in France. It is probably now too late to de- early in the present century, which struck a Medal ; see 

termine this. I find in this book a curious explanation of CLIL There was also a Lodge called Constance Eprou- 

the emblem of the "cubical pointed stone," which appears vee, at Paris, constituted in 1785, now also extinct, which 

on many of the Continental Masonic Medals, though not struck the Medal numbered LXX in this list. The Medal 

used in that form by American, nor I believe by English under consideration was doubtless struck by one of these 

Lodges ; it is that " whereon the craft sharpen their tools." bodies. 
I have called it usually a perfect ashlar. 



2S6 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCLXXIX. Cruciform. Obverse, On the centre of a Maltese cross of 
eight points, a circle of black enamel, with the inscription incused in four lines, 
the first and last curving to conform to the circumference of the circle, recom- 
pense I A I LA I VERTU. The arms of the cross are colored green, with a floral 
ornament on each, and the letter G on the upper arm. Reverse, As obverse, 
but the word honneur instead of recompense. A ring at the top. Size of 
the circle, lo ; of the cross between opposite angles, 14 nearly. The metal is 
concealed by the enamel, but is probably copper. "'* 

A Maltese Cross of five arms and ten points ; a small silver ball on the end of each 
point, similar to the cross of the Legion of Honor ; white enamel. Centre, a circle 
of dark blue enamel, with the legend in yellow letters l. ch. des amis triomphants. 
1845 * surrounding a gilt centre, C". | paris in two lines. Reverse, As obverse, but 
the blue circle has bijou de l : and three five-pointed stars, and the centre Au f.-. in 
one line, and below it a name engraved. A large ring at the top.t^s Copper, silver- 
plated. Size of circle, about 8 ; length of each arm to angle, 4. 

I mention here a Medal numbered and described by Merzdorf under both 
France and Italy, and to which I alluded in Note 369, as " to be described 
hereafter." I find, on further examination, that the description of Dili is all 
that is necessary ; it is doubtless the same piece with that. The edge is 
milled. 

DCLXXX. The Lodge La Fraternidad, of Madrid, struck a Medal, 
bearing the name of the Lodge, and on the reverse a temple. It is of tin or 
lead. Size about 22. I know nothing further concerning it, — it is probably 
quite rare. 

DCLXXXI. Obverse, Naked bust to right of the Duke of Leinster, 
in high relief ; on the edge of the bust j . moore • f. Legend, augu.stus on 
the left, and Frederick on the right. Reverse, Within a wreath, formed of 
olive on the left, and wheat on the right, issuing from a harp at the bottom, is 
the inscription in eight lines, constituted | by | warrant [ from the | grand 

494I describe this from an impression in Mr. Poillon's 495 Tliis is a member's bijou or jewel, of the Lodge 

collection. The letter G seems to prove its Masonic char- named, which struck a Medal described under CXLV. I 

acter, and the badge is included in this catalogue for describe this from one in Mr. Poillon's collection, but as it 

reasons already given, as apparently struck, —though not is somewhat doubtful whether it is struck or not, I do not 

strictly a Medal. number it. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 257 

LODGE I OF I IRELAND | 1 3 NOVEMBER | 1 86 1, and Surmounted by a ducal 
coronet. Legend, the duke of leinster's lodge of free masons, and 
•LIMA -PERU- 170- at the bottom, completing the circle. Borders milled. 
Silver. Size 24. Worn attached to a clasp by a swivel and ribbon.«^ 

DCLXXXII. Obverse, A star of seven points ; upon its centre a cir- 
cular tablet on which is a shield with the square and compasses ; above is the 
All-seeing eye, and below, 55. Around the circle a ribbon of gold, with the 
legend, newstead lodge centenary 5863. Reverse, Plain for engraving. 
Silver. Size 40 from point to point.''^' 

DCLXXXIII. Obverse, A star of five points, irradiated; upon its cen- 
tre a circle of light blue enamel, bearing the square and compasses, surrounded 
by a ribbon with the legend, palladian lodge above and centenary 1862 
below. Reverse, Plain for engraving Silver. Size 26.«* 

DCLXXXIV. Obverse, A star of five points on which is a garter of 
dark blue enamel, with the legend, marquis of granby lodge n° i 24 in gold 
letters, and enclosing a shield bearing the arms of the city of Durham, azure, 
a cross or. Reverse, Plain for engraving. Silver. Size, as engraved, from 
point to point, 28. This is a Centenary Medal of the Lodge named, which is 
located in Durham, England ; it is worn attached to clasps and ribbon, the 
former bearing the word centenary above, and 1863 below."^ 

DCLXXXV. Obverse, The square and compasses, with the letter G in 
the centre. Reverse, An arch with the key-stone partially in. Under the 
key-stone is an altar, over which is the letter G. The arch is supported by 
pillars, which bear the letters c and w. Copper. =°° 

496 For a rubbing and description of this fine Medal, I formerly No. 55, now 47 on the English roll, and located 
am indebted to Mr. J. W. Bastow. I have ventured to at Nottingham; it was warranted by the "Ancients " in 
call the wreath olive, instead of laurel, as he describes it, 17SS, and its warrant renewed in 1763. For this descrip- 
as it seems to typify, in connection with the wheat, " com lion I am indebted to Bro. Hughan. 

and oil," well known and significant emblems to Fellow 498 This is a Centenary Medal or jewel of the Lodge. 
Craft Masons ; and the rubbing closely resembles, in its named, of Hereford, England, No. 120 on the roll, war- 
leaves and berries, the conventional olive wreath. The ranted in 1762, for a description of which I am indebted 
DukeofLeinster was born in 1791 and died in 1874. He to Bro. Hughan. 

was elected Grand Master of the G. L. of Ireland, June 499 For an engraving of this Medal, I am indebted to 

24, 1813, and retained the office sixty-one years, or until Bro. W. J. Hughan. 

his death. He was greatly beloved by the Fraternity of 500 For the knowledge of this token, X am indebted to 

his jurisdiction. See Kenning. Bro. W. J. Hughan. He does not mention the size; the 

497 This is a Centenary Medal of the Lodge named, piece is doubtless of English origin. 



258 MASONIC MEDALS. 

There is a Medal in the collection of the late Dr. Lewis, of English origin, which I 
am in doubt about. The description is as follows : — Obverse, Bust of Nelson in uniform 
to left : on his breast the star of the Order of the Bath, and a broad ribbon ; on the arm, 
B p. Legend, gallant nelson died oct'' 21 off cape Trafalgar Reverse, The 
compasses extended ; between the points a radiant sun ; on the right a foul anchor on 
three steps, above which to the left a cluster of seven stars : on the left a cross on a 
platform of three steps, above which to the right the crescent moon : at the top the 
radiant All-seeing eye : at the bottom, Noah's ark on the water, over which a rainbow. 
Legend, nelsonic crimson oakes At the bottom, commenced jan^ 19 1808. Silver. 
Size 34 nearly. This Medal has many Masonic emblems, as will be seen from the 
foregoing description, but I can find no body bearing any such name on the Calendar of 
the Grand Lodges of England, Scotland, or Ireland, though there have been Lodges 
named for Nelson, and one for Trafalgar. I must therefore wait for further evidence as 
to this piece, before admitting it as a Masonic Medal. It seems more probably to 
belong to some local Society, which utilized Masonic emblems. 

DCLXXXVL Palatine Lodge, No. 97, founded in lyS/, and located 
at Sunderland, England, have a special Centenary Medal, but I have not 
obtained a description.^"' 

DCLXXXVII. Union Lodge, No. 127, founded in 1763, and located 
at Margate, England, have a special Centenary Medal, but of this also I have 
not obtained a description.'"'' 

DCLXXXVin. The Grand Lodge of Scotland have, as I am informed 
by Bro. W. J. Hughan, a Medal of Honorary Membership, which entitles the 
owner to precedence in that body above the Deputy Grand Master. I have 
not been able to obtain a description. 

DCLXXXIX. The Lodge Star in the East, of Batavia, has struck a 
Medal ; on the obverse is a temple ; on the reverse, premiere pierre [The 
first stone, etc.] The description given me is quite imperfect, and I merely 
know of the existence of the piece, which is of tin or lead, and probably 
other metals, and size abouf2 5.5°3 It was probably a corner-stone Medal. 

501 This Lodge was 129 on the roll of the Moderns, 502 This was a Modem Lodge, No. 169 in 1813, and 

at the time of the Union, and has since borne Numbers subsequently bore the Numbers 207 and 140: since 1863 it 

153 and H4, and from 1863, 97, as Hughan's Register has been 127. 

^^°'^^- 503 See CCCCXCIII and Note 349. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 259 

DCXC. Obverse, Two pillars with ornamental capitals ; that on the 
left surmounted by the sun, and the other by the crescent moon ; that on the 
left has J on the shaft, and that on the right b. On the platform between the 
pillars are seven steps rising in pyramidal form, in front of which, resting on 
the lower step, are the square and compasses : above are two crossed sprigs 
of acacia, between which are the letters m, b. over which are two right hands 
joined, and a small star of six points. Below the pillars, a scroll, with its ends 
turned back, on which on the left legitime, on the right fvndata, and in the 
centre 28 d/. 9 m.*. SSog. [Lawfully founded November 28, 1809.] A cable- 
tow with nine love knots surrounds the field. Reverse, Within a wreath of 
oak on the right and acacia on the left, crossed and tied with a bow of 
ribbon at the bottom, the inscription in seven lines, decimi lvstri festvm | 

LIBERORVM CAEMENTARIORVM | IN VRBE SOERABAYA | SODALITAS CVI NOMEN | 

AMiciTiA I CELEBRAViT | MDCCCLix. [The Society of Freemasons in the city of 
Soerabaya, which bears the name of Friendship, celebrated the feast of its 
tenth lustrum, (semi-centenary) 1859.] Bronze. Size 39.=°'' 

DCXCI. Obverse, A shield, bearing azure, a sphere, argent. From the 
sphere, in cross, four pairs of compasses, partly extended, the dexter points 
touching the sphere, which I presume may be the arms of the Lodge. Crest, 
A helmet, crowned, surmounted by a demi-eagle displayed, nimbed and hold- 
ing in his beak a pen.^"^ The field is nearly filled with an elaborate mantling. 
On the dexter side of the shield is a smaller one, bearing an eagle displayed, 
having a virgin's head and breast, crowned : on the sinister side, another 
small shield, per pale, dexter, an eagle displayed, dimidiated ; sinister, bendy 
of six, gules and argent.^"* Near the bottom, very small, lauer on the left, 

504 This is a Medal of the Lodge of Friendship, in the ancient arms of Nuremberg, as used in the thirteenth 
Soerabaya, Java. century. Siebmacher's most elegant and elaborate Wap- 

505 The effect of this arrangement of the compasses, peiibuch, long in coui-se of publication, and still unfin- 
each of which makes half the letter N, is to produce a ished, printed in that city, has the field of this shield 
peculiar cruciform figure, somewhat similar to that called azure on the cover of its parts, but argent (white) in the 
in Boutell's English Heraldry a " Fylfot," which is sup- plate. The shield on the sinister side shows the present 
posed to have had a mystical signification; it suggests also arms of the city; on the cover its dexter side is or, (gold) 
a cross potent, with the dexter part of the termination of and in the plate argent. I think the cover is probably 
the arms cut off ind the sinister bent down. Mr. Appleton right. The present arms are called the " Schwabenfeld." 
suggests that the crest represents the eagle of St. John, It may be worth noticing that the city used a crowned 
one of the patron saints of Masons. Gothic N i" i's arms till some time in the fourteenth 

506 The small shields represent, that on the dexter side century. 



26o MASONIC MEDALS. 

and f7 on the right. Legend, on a raised border, separated from the field by 
an ornamental circle, above, bauhutte zu nurnberg [The Lodge at Nurem- 
berg,] and below, • revirescens • [Renewing its strength.] Reverse, A 
scroll, partly unrolled, extends across the field, and has on it in two lines, the 
inscription KVnsT unS cewGRK 1 KROeni untet WGRK. [Literally, Art or Skill and the 
Guild crown our labor.] Behind the scroll are the compasses partly extended, 
and a square and rule. Legend, on a border, slightly raised, separated from 
the field by a circle, and divided into three parts by rosettes ; on the right, 
GESTiFTET on the left, lien 29 Eunt 1851. and at the bottom ora et labora. 
[Founded June 29, i85i ; Pray and labor.] The capitalletters on this side 
are of a medieval form. Copper, silvered. Size 23. Scarce. The Medal 
had a ring attached at the top by a swivel.^"' 

Merzdorf mentions, but without description, a Medal which was struck in honor 
of a distinguished Mason, but which he does not consider to be properly a Masonic 
piece. From an impression recently added to my own collection, I make the following 
description: — Obverse, Naked bust to right, with long flowing hair ; under the shoul- 
der, VESTNER. Legend, hier • guil • ebner ab eschenbach Reverse, On a platform, 
extending entirely across the field, a cubic stone. Legend, stat firmiter aequo. 
[It stands firmly, equally well (?) on either side.] In exergue, in four lines, nat-xxIi 

QUINCT • A • O • R • I CIO lOCLXXIII | OB ■ XXVI IAN • A ■ O ■ R • | CI3 IDCCLII. [Bom July 

26, 1673, Died Jan. 26, 1752.] Silver. Size 26.=°* Whether the cube was used as a 
Masonic emblem, is doubtful. 

The following Medal, represented to be Masonic, is in Mr. Poillon's collection. I 
know nothing concerning it, and doubt its connection with the Order, as there is nothing 
distinctively Masonic about it, that I can discover. Obverse, Youthful bust to the 
right, crowned with a laurel wreath, tied with a ribbon the ends of which fall behind 
the head: below, in small letters, c- haller- f- Legend, above, francisc- ii av- 
GVSTVS Reverse, A circular open temple having nine columns, surmounted by a dome: 
within, on a circular pedestal, is a crown : on either side of the temple are trees, and in 
the foreground, on the left, very small, is 1793. Legend, le temple de la verite. 
Silver. Size 21. This I suppose is in honor of the Austrian prince Francis II. of 

507 There are two Lodges at Nuremberg, "Joseph zur 508 I have found nothing in relation to Ebner, beyond 
Einigkeit," [Joseph of Harmony,] and "zu den Drei the fact that he was a Mason. A. O. R. seems to be 
Pfeilen," [of the Three Darts.] 1 do not know which equivalent to A. D., and perhaps means Anno Ortus Re- 
struck this Medal. See Note 260. demptori. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 261 

Germany, arid I. of Austria, born 1768. He was an enemy to the Order, and prohibited 
its meetings. 

DCXCII. Obverse, A female figure seated facing, with a child on her 
right arm. On the left is a rose-bush, and on the right olive (?) is growing. 
Reverse, The upper part of the field is plain for engraving ; on the lower 
part is a group of working tools, the compasses, rule, gavel, and a square, 
interlaced. Gold,'"' silver and bronze. Size as engraved, 24. 

DCXCIII. A Medal was struck by the Supreme Council of Peru, 33° 
A. and A. Rite, of which I have a brief description from Bro. Hughan. Ob- 
verse, A bust of its M. P. Sov. Grand Commander. Legend, translated, 
"The Supreme Council 33° to its Sovereign Grand Commander, the Most 
Illustrious Antonio de Souza Ferreira." Reverse, Inscription, translated, 
" Initiator and Promoter of the Universal Convention held at Switzerland, 
6 Sept. 1875." Gold and silver : weight in the latter metal 25 ounces. The 
size I have not learned. 

DCXCIV. Obverse, The triple tau surrounded with the letters h t w 
s s T K s Reverse, A star of six points, formed by a double triangle : on 
its centre a. inv. | 3381. in two lines. Bronze. Size about 19. This was 
struck in Ireland, for the Royal Arch degree, but never has been issued, as 
I am informed, and is excessively rare. 

DCXCV. Obverse, A star of seven points of formal rays, on which is 
a garter, with the legend in hoc signo vinces [In this sign thou shalt con- 
quer,] enclosing a cross which rises from a skull and cross-bones placed on 
the bottom of the garter ; behind the cross is a serpent. In the external 
angles of the star are emblems of the grade ; beginning at the top on the 
right a triangle surmounted by two crossed swords ; in the next, a cock ; 
then an hour-glass ; a coffin at the bottom, next, a scythe, the paschal lamb 
with nimbus and banner, and a cross patee. Reverse, Plain,''" Silver. 
Size 26. 

JOQ This Medal which I describe from an engraving in 510 This curious old Templar Medal I describe from an 

Clavel's Almanach Pittoresque 1844, p. 143, was offered impression in the collection of the late Dr. Wmslow 

as a premium for obtaining subscribers to a Journal of the Lewis, was originally struck as a shell, was then backed 

Grand Orient of France. It is perhaps doubtful whether with silver, and has been used as a pm, perhaps on a 

any exist in gold. chapeau. 



262 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCXCVI. Obverse, The nine-pointed star of the Order of the Temple, 
with the passion cross surrounded by rays and entwined with a serpent : on a 
circle surrounding the cross is the Templar motto, in hoc signo vinces. [In 
this sign thou shalt conquer.] A circle of dots Surrounds the field, outside of 
which is the legend, above, clark commandery n° 7. and below, conn. A 
raised ornamental border, of • small points, surrounds the whole. Reverse, 
Plain, Tin. Size 24.=" Rare. 

DCXCVII. Obverse, A cross patee, surrounded by an ornamental 
border, and having the inscriptidn across its centre, Detroit commandery ; 
below which, on the left, k, on the right, T, and near the bottom of the lower 
arm, vinces, over which is the radiant cross and crown. At the top is a 
knight's head and shoulders, in armor, facing ; the helmet has the visor up, 
and is adorned with plumes ; around his neck is suspended a passion cross. 
Reverse, Plain. Type metal. (?) apparently painted of a bronze color, and 
perhaps a cast. Size, width, 24, length, 36.'" 

DCXCVIII, Obverse, As obverse of CI. Reverse, Inscription in eleven 

lines, MARY commandery | N- 36 | masonic | knights I templar 1 STATIONED 
AT I PHILADELPHIA. | CONSTITUTED | OCTOBER 1 9™ 1 869. | SIR | KNIGHTED The 

third, fourth, and fifth lines run obliquely towards the upper right corner of 
the shield. A dash after Philadelphia, and the date line, and a blank left for 
name of membership and date of receiving degree. Shield- shaped. Size, 
breadth, 22, length, 29. A loop at the top. The original Medal of the 
Commandery, for members, is struck in silver, gilt, attached to purple ribbon 
and suspended to a Greek cross as CI. It is also struck in bronze, and is 
difficult to be obtained by any except members. 

DCXCIX. Obverse, As obverse of CI. Reverse, Inscription in thirteen 

lines, MARY I COMMANDERY | N2 36 | MASONIC KNIGHTS | TEMPLAR | PHILADEL- 
PHIA. U. S. OF A. I MASONIC | PILGRIMAGE | TO | ENGLAND SCOTLAND | AND | 

IRELAND I JULY 1878 | ►i* The tenth, twelfth, and thirteenth lines are curving. 
Behind the inscription is a Roman cross gules ; the short upper bar divides 

511 1 am informed that but a very few impressions of which is very possibly what it was originally intended for. 
this were struck, and except for its thickness and finish, it 512 I suppose this to be an earlier issue of the Comman- 
might be taken for a proof of the seal of the Commandery, dery than that already described. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 263 

the third and fourth lines. The fifth line is on the cross bar; at the left of the 
third line are a small square and compasses, and at the right, a double triangle, 
braced, inclosing the triple tau. Gold, silver, and bronze. Shield-shaped. 
Size, 22 in breadth, and 29 in width. Suspended by a loop to a Greek cross 
as CI. 

DCC. Obverse, A Norman shield bearing a crown pierced with a cross, 
and in base the square and compasses. The colors are not indicated. Crest, 
A helmet, facing, the visor up. Legend, outside of a circle surrounding the 
field, X CLINTON COMMANDERY N° 14 X above, and Brooklyn, n. y. below. 
Within the circle, below the shield, inst. june, 1828. curving to conform to 
the circle. Reverse, Plain for engraving. An equilateral triangle, one point 
of which is covered and attached to the planchet, served as a loop by which 
to suspend the Medal. Silver-plated. Size 28 nearly. 

I mention here two pieces, partially struck, but which are badges rather than Medals. 
Obverse, A ring or circle, diameter 28, but its width only 4, having upon it the legend 
COLUMBIA COMMANDERY. N° 2 K. T. WASHINGTON, D. c. .above, and at the bottom 
CHARTERED SEPT. /, 1 865. The letters were incused and filled with black enamel. 
Inclosed in the circle is a cross patee of brass, filled with red enamel, and having upon 
it a shield with the field gilt, and a radiant Roman cross, incused and filled with red 
enamel; opposite the angles above, in hoc and below signo vinces, as on the outer 
circle. This is attached by chains to a seven-pointed star, the centre cut out, and 
inclosing a Greek cross in red enamel, and that again to a gilt crown, and cross of red 
enamel. The star has the Red Cross motto. Magna est Veritas, etc. The reverse is 
plain. The badge is of copper, or brass gilt, and is made of several parts, as will be seen 
from the description. Three of these parts at least were struck, but I do not consider 
that this can be called a Medal by the most liberal construction. 

Another badge is in the form of a banner of silver, suspended to a bar ; on the 
centre of the bar is a cross patee, and at the top, where the cords supporting it would be 
attached to a staff, is a patriarchal cross. On the front of the banner is a cross and 
crown of gold ; above it, on a scroll of black enamel, Damascus commandery in silver 
letters : K on the left of the crown, and T on the right, and 5 below in black enamel, 
with edge of silver, and beneath on a scroll, Newark, n. j., as on the upper scroll. The 
reverse has a large Roman cross of red enamel, with silver border. These devices are 
all made separately and attached to the banner, the edge of which is engraved to repre- 



264 MASONIC MEDALS. 

sent fringe. Of this very elaborate badge I am told only five were made, when the dies 
were destroyed by fire. There are many other Templar and Commandery badges, a 
large proportion of which are composite, partly struck and partly cut, but it seems 
unnecessary to describe them here, as not being properly Medals. 

DCCI. Obverse, A cross patee, the face roughened. On the upper arm 
the square and compasses ; on the left arm K, on the right T, and on the 
bottom a trowel. On the centre a cross and crown within a circle, the central 
points of the crown incused with small five-pointed stars. Legend, on the 
circle, above, triennial conclave and below, Chicago, aug. 1880 In the 
corner of the lower arm, very small, a. stolba Reverse, Plain. The upper 
arm has an opening through which a ribbon passes, to suspend it to a clasp. 
Tin. Size 24. This Medal, without exception the poorest in execution I 
have yet seen, was struck for sale at the Chicago Conclave of Knights Tem- 
plar, in 1880. 

DCCII. Obverse, The square and compasses, enclosing the letter G. 
Below the angle of the square and between the points of the compasses, three 
links. The field is sunken and roughened. Reverse, Within a wreath of 
olive, the top open, and separated by the word our, the Lord's Prayer in 
sixteen lines ; occasionally a letter and sometimes a word or two is omitted, 
(Give us . . . our daily bread,) and the words are divided without regard to 
syllables. Poorly done, the planchet is very thin, and shows a hollow on the 
reverse behind the square. Gold or silver gilt. Size 8 by 10. Elliptical, a 
loop and ring at the top. Rare. 

DCCIII. Obverse, The square and compasses, enclosing the letter G, 
similar to the above ; the field is plain, and the lines of the compasses and 
divisions of the square are brought out. Reverse, Similar to the last, but the 
leaves of the wreath are smaller and more numerous. The prayer is arranged 
in seventeen lines. There is nothing omitted except the word the before 
GLORY, but the divisions are regardless of all rule ; for instance, in come, co 
ends one line and me begins the next, and there are others similar. Better 
executed than the preceding, which it resembles in form. Gold or silver gilt. 
Size 8 by 10. These two pieces are said to have been struck at the West 



MASONIC MEDALS. 265 

(PLeavenworth, Kansas,) some years ago. Rare. I describe them from 
specimens in Mr. Poillon's collection. 

DCCIV. Obverse, Naked bust of Washington to right, under which, in 
very small letters, i. f. w.-g. h. l. Legend, " true and wise, and merciful 
AND JUST." and at the bottom, 1732-99. Reverse, View of the tomb at 
Mount Vernon, a tree at the right of the entrance, and a small obelisk on the 
left. Legend, separated from the field by a circle of dots, mount vernon 
CHAPTER n° 228 r.-. a.-, m.'. above, and mVT vernon . n-y- below. Silver, 
bronze, and tin. Size 20 nearly. Only a few impressions of this Medal have 
been struck.^'^ 

DCCV. Obverse, Naked bust of Washington to left, under which, in 
small letters, a. c. m. Around it is a circular ornamental border, on the top of 
which is an eagle holding the United States flag and an olive branch, and 
surrounded by rays. Outside the border, a branch of laurel on the left and of 
oak on the right ; a caduceus and trident crossed at the bottom ; a rosette 
over the junction. At the top e pluribus on the left and unum on the right. 
Legend, inside the border, united states on the left, of America on the 
right, and george Washington . at the bottom. Reverse, Various Masonic 
emblems, as the reverse of CCLXVL Bronze. Size 32.='* 

DCCVL Obverse, Naked bust of Washington to the left, within an 
open wreath of laurel. Legend, Washington the father of our country. 
Reverse, Masonic emblems, as the reverse of CCXC. Silver, only five struck, 
and perhaps other metals. Size 17. Very rare.^'^ 

I have a Medal with obverse, a head of Washington, as CCLIX, and reverse the 
reverse of XXI. It was, I am informed, struck by mistake. A head of Grant, who is 
not a Mason, has been combined with the reverse of XXXVI and obverse of XXXVII. 
I believe only one impression of each was struck. I do not consider either of them as 
properly entitled to be called Masonics. They are simply blunders. 

513 The dies of this Medal were cut by Mr. G. H. know to whom the c;-^(f// of the combination belongs. 
Lovett of New York, from suggestions by Mr. I. F. Wood, SI5 I describe this from one in my.own collection. The 
and the initials of these gentlemen appear under the bust dies were by Mr. G. H. Lovett, of New York, and a few 
on obverse. pieces only were struck as a matter of amusement. The 

5 14 This is a mule of a well known Washington Medal die used on the reverse broke, as I have been informed, 
obverse with the reverse of the Kane Medal. I do not See Note on CCXC in Appendix. 



266 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCCVII. Obverse, Emblems of the " Eastern Star," as obverse of 
CCCXX. Reverse, The square and compasses enclosing the letter G. No 
legend. Border milled. White metal.^'* Size 1 6. 

DCCVIII. Obverse, On three steps are two pillars, supporting an arch, 
the top of which has a sort of ribbon ornament : between the pillars is an 
open Bible. At the top is a six-pointed star, rays from which are dispersed 
over the field. Legend, above, perseverance lodge n° 21. and below, 
PENNSYLVANIA. Reverse, The square, compasses and rule, with a radiant star 
of six points above : below the angle of the square, 1879. Legend, above, 
WARRANTED OCT. 4. 1/79. and below, constituted nov. 10. 1779. i^ronze. 
Size 24. Rare.5''' /%vt '(jtoJUt> H^ ^S'■^/^>ey^ 

DCCIX. Obverse, Obverse of the Holland Lodge Medal, CCCII. Re- 
verse, The old Masonic Temple, New York, obverse of XXXVL C^jJper 
and perhaps other metals. Size 20. 

DCCX. Obverse, As the preceding, obverse , of CCCIL Reverse, 
Various emblems — ^as the reverse of XXXVII. C^per and perhaps other 
metals.^'^ Size 20. 

DCCXI. Obverse, Within a wreath of wheat, vine leaves and grapes, 
and olive, emblematical of corn, wine and oil, is a perfect ashlar on a platform, 
with three burning tapers on its top, and the square and compasses enclosing 
the figure 7 on its face. Legend, above, armory seventh regt. n. y. s. n. g. 
and below, * corner stone laid oct. 13, 1877 * Reverse, A trophy of mus- 
kets and flags, from behind which appears on either side the muzzle of a 
cannon, and a pile of balls below them : in front of the trophy is a shield 
bearing the regimental arms; quarterly, i, paly of thirteen, gules and argent, 
a chief azure (for the United States) ; 2, the sun rising behind mountains, 
proper (for the State of New York) ; 3, the veins of a windmill in saltire, a 
beaver between them in chief and base, and a barrel in dexter and sinister, all 

516 This was in the Lewis collection. I know nothing may be mentioned that the obverse was a copy of the seal 
of its origin. of Holland Lodge, except that the Lion (of Orange) 

517 The arrangement of the Masonic emblems on the should have seven arrows. The color of the field is ar- 
reverse is similar to that of CCLXXXI. The Medal was gent. In describing CCCII, an ei-ror occurs in giving the 
struck to commemorate the Centennial of the Lodge. position of the supporters. The eagle is the dexter and 

518 These two mules were struck for Mr. Wood. It the lion the sinister supporter. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 267 

proper (for the city of New York) ; 4, two cannon in saltire, in chief a grenade 
flaming (for the Regiment) ; over all an inescutcheon bearing the figure 7. 
Crest, An eagle on a mound with wings expanded. In the foreground on the 
right a gavel and the compasses, in the centre a sword and trowel, and on the 
left a square and rule. Legend, on a tablet above, * pro opere aut bello * 
[For labor or war.] In exergue, in four lines, the last curving, by the | m. w. 
GRAND LODGE | F. A. M. | NEW Yofeic and on the left inAvery small letters, 
LOVETT. Silver and brass, very rare, bronze and tin. 1 ne inscriptions suffi- 
ciently explain the Medal : the dies were cut by Mr. G. H. Lovett, of New 
York, and are the property of Mr. Poillon of that city. A limited number only 
have been struck in any metal. 

DCCXII. Obverse, A view of the Egyptian Obelisk in New York. 
Legend, above, the Egyptian obelisk and below, in two lines curving to 
conform to the lower edge, was transported from egypt and | erected in 
CENTiiAL PARK, NEW YORK, 1880. Reverse, The square and compasses : 
within, near the joint of the latter, is the letter G : the Roman cross springs 
from the inside of the square on the left, and a magician's rod entwined with 
a serpent from the right, typifying the ancient Egyptian and the modern 
Christian faith. Below the angle of the square in a line curving upwards, 
OCTOBER 9, 1880. Legend, corner stone laid by the grand lodge, f. a. m. 
STATE OF n. y. Silver, brass and copper, bronzed, rare ;. tin, usually pierced.'"' 
Size 22. 

DCCXIII. Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing the letter G. 
A circle of small dots surrounds the edge of the field. Reverse, A ribbon or 
scroll, blank, possibly intended for engraving a name, across the centre of the 
field : above are six five-pointed stars, three on either side of a small circle, 
probably intended to show where the planchet was to be pierced. Below, 
in a line curving to conform to the lower edge of the piece, waterbury, ct. 
Copper.'^" Size 12. 

519 A cut of this Medal will be found as a tail-piece on with appropriate ceremonies by the M. W. Grand Master, 

a subsequent page. The dies were cut by Lovett of New 520 1 have never seen but one of these pieces : it may 

York, and the pieces were sold to be worn in the Masonic have been struck in other metals. " see.i.s designed tor 

procession when the corner stone of the base was laid a watch charm, or a tag to be attached to a key nng. 



268 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCCXIV. Obverse, The square and compasses. Reverse, truth 52 i 
Edge milled. Copper.^" Size i8. 

DCCXV. The following shell may have been struck for trial. I have 
never seen but one of them, nor any Medal from the die. It seems to have 
been prepared for some body working under the Scottish rite. A female 
figure seated on a raised dais, and facing the left ; her left arm rests on a bee- 
hive with bees ; her right hand holds suspended a plumb ; at her feet is a 
pelican feeding her young ; on the front of the platform below her, are a 
square, level, gavel, trowel, compasses, skull and cross bones ; on the left 
foreground the capital of a pillar, and on the right fire is burning on an altar, 
on the side of which is a radiant Delta ; in the right back-ground an ark on 
the waters, and on the left an unfinished tower with derrick and stone at the 
top, and building stones at its feet. In exergue, virtute non potentia 
LiGATi. [United by virtue, not by power.] At the top is a cross surrounded 
by clouds, and having rays outside which reach to the head of the female. A 
border of five-pointed stars surrounds the field. Size 30. 

When the Masonic Temple in Boston, was burned with its contents, in 1864, the 
regalia of Boston Commandery of Knights Templar, kept in their Armory in the 
building, and which was heavily mounted with silver, was nearly destroyed. The jewels 
and working tools of the Lodges which were without exception of solid silver, were also 
melted. In excavating the cellar, much of this silver was found, fused together. As 
much as could be rescued from the debris was gathered up, and sent to the United 
States Mint, to be struck into Half Dollars bearing the date of the conflagration. A 
space in the exergue of these was engraved with the initials of the owner and the 
Commandery. There were but few struck, and they have been generally carefully 
preserved by the owners. While not Masonic Medals, the incident is of sufficient interest 
to be placed on record. 

Most of the following described pieces belong to a class by themselves ; 
some of them are issues by private individuals, for commercial purposes, 
which bear Masonic emblems ; others were struck for currency during the 

521 This description I talie from Batty, No. 4924, page " Truth is our Bias," on a garter, surmounted by a crown, 
498. It IS a tol<en of the Lodge named, which is located and reverse blank. Whether it has anything to do with 
at Huddersfield, England. There is another token with the Lodge named I do not know. See Batty, No 4905 



MASONIC MEDALS. .269 

war for the Union, — in 1861 and subsequently; I have made little effort to 
collect these pieces. My knowledge of the last is for the most part derived 
from a list prepared with care by Mr. Edward Groh. an officer of the Ameri- 
can Numismatic and Archaeological Society of New York. The French and 
a few of the English tokens, I describe from specimens which have come to 
my personal notice ; others are from Batty's Catalogue, and as they are 
issues of parties who seem disposed to use the symbols for advertising pur- 
poses, I have made only brief reference to such pieces. I have numbered them 
consecutively with the foregoing list, as a matter of convenience. Probably 
there are a large number in addition to those mentioned below, but they can 
have , scarcely any claim to be considered as Masonic Medals. 

DCCXVI. Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing the letter G: 
on the left of the square c*. and on the right o.-. Legend, outside a circle, 
above, 2 et 4 r de la roquette and below place de la bastille. Reverse, 
Inscription in three lines witliin a circle, dirige | par | g.-. oulon. Legend, 
above, bureau de placement and below, de la bastille. Copper. Size 10. 

DCCXVn. Obverse, The square and compasses, enclosing the letter 
G. Legend, chapellerie du progres. At the bottom a floral ornament. 
Reverse, Inscription in four lines, the first and last curving, 3 rue pagevin | 
BON pour I 5. p. Vo I — PARIS — Brass. Size 18. (In Mr. Farrier's collection.) 

DCCXVIII. Obverse, Within a wreath of lily (?) a fox with boots on his 
feet, moving to right, above which a small square and compasses, enclosing a 
five-pointed star with G on its centre. Legend, above, the second word 
between the ends of the wreath, renard au botte. Reverse, A wreath as 
on obverse, enclosing an inscription in seven lines, the first, second and last 
, curving, .-. capelle .-. | bottier | rue \ guerin | boisseau | 42 | paris. Deca- 
gonal. Brjk^. Size between opposite sides, 14. 

DCCXIX. Obverse, The square and compasses. Legend, outside a 
circle, above, Elliott's restraunt {sic) and below, • north road . Reverse, 
2? within a circle. Legend, above, made by t. pope and below, » Birming- 
ham » Brass. Size 18. Doubtless a " check." 



270 MASONIC MEDALS. 

DCCXX. Obverse, The square and compasses ; above, on the right, 
W and on the left, K. Reverse, abbey | green | bath in three lines! Edge 
milled. Copper. Size 14. This appears to be an English token, but by 
whom or for what purpose it was struck I have been unable to learn. 

DCCXXI. Obverse, The square and compasses on an elliptical tablet, 
around which, coins, tokens, checks, above, & presses below. Legend, out- 
"side the ellipse, door plates, s. hiron brass seals above ; in a curved line 
over the ellipse, die sinker and beneath it, also curving, engraver : and" 
at the bottom, completing the legend. Dudley Reverse, A phenix, above 
which newhall s^ and below, Dudley, both curving. Legend, above, print- 
ing, stationery and below, & bookbinding office. Copper.'^'' Size 16. 

DCCXXII. Obverse, View of the front of a building, on which is in- 
scribed vine inn cremorne gardens t bandano Legend, above, vine inn, 
ASTON r° and below, Birmingham, a small square and compasses at each end 
of the latter word. Reverse, Legend and inscription having no Masonic 
connection. Edge milled. Copper. Size 20.'''3 

DCCXXIII. Obverse, The square and compasses enclosing the All- 
seeing eye ; behind them is a key-stone. Legend, above, ♦ William, w. 
LONG ♦ and below, n™ 376 378 & 380 so. 3rd st. philada. Reverse, Inscrip- 
tion in ten Hues, pistol & rifle galleries | bagatelle & shuffle | boards. | 

LIQUORS oysters | SEGARS &c. | BRILLIANT | REFECTORY & | MUSEUM | HOTEL 

billiards & BOWLING. The first and last lines curve to conform to the edge 
of the piece ; the second, third and fourth also curve : the sixth is a kind of 
rebus.^^* Silver and copper. Size 18 nearly. Scarce. 

DCGXXIV. Of the American Masonic Store Cards, which are all size 
12, or nearly that, there are two different obverse dies, having the square and 
compasses, with the letter G ; on the first the letter is small and surrounded 
by rays, nearly filling the space between the instruments ; this die was appa- 

522 See Batty's Descriptive Catalogue of the Copper 524 The rebus of Brilliant is formed by a bee, roots or 
Coinage of Great Britain, &c., No. 2773, page 289. I am branches of » tree in the shape of R, an eye, the two 
indebted to Mr. D. T. Baity, of Manchester, England, letters L, formed as the R, an eye and an ant. Mr. H. W. 
for rubbings of this and the following numljer. Holland informs me there two differing dies of this piece. 

523 See Baity, No. 2213, page 239. See also his 2330, I have seen many impressions, but all I have examined 
for another Store Card with emblems, perhaps, however, are apparently alike, and I am not aware what the differ- 
of another body. ences are. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 271 

rently used until worn out, or badly rusted, the division marks on the square 
having entirely disappeared ; so that different impressions look as if they had 
been struck from dies having intentional differences of design. I feel very 
confident, however, that only one design was used. It was cut by W. K. 
Lamphear, of Cincinnati. I have found impressions of this with the following 
reverses.^^^ 

(a,) w. K. LAMPHEAR, MANFR OF METALLIC CARDS Copper and brass. 
(i5,) w. K. LAMPHEAR. CINCINNATI, o. Within a wreath, manuf'' of metallic cards. 
Copper and brass. 

(c.) R. C. GRAVES, PERIODICAL AND NEWS DEALER 78 MARKET ST. WHEELING. W. VA Copper. 

{d. ) z. z. si LEWIS I DEALER | IN | HARDWARE | GREEN BAY | * WIS. * | — • Thls die is Very 
badly worn. Copper. 

(e. ) BALDWIN & SWEET | DEALERS ] * [ ALL KINDS | OF | * GROCERIES it \ GREENSBORO IND. 

Copper. 

{/.') SAM STERN. MERCHANT TAILOR & DEALER IN CLOTHING. GREEN BAY. WIS. Copper.- 

DCCXXV. The second die has a larger G but no rays ; this die broke 
and a large flaw shows on the square, extending from the point of the com- 
passes on the right, around the angle of the square. This is said by Mr. 
Groh to have been made "by Eastern manufacturers," — perhaps in Waterbury. 
I have not noticed this with store cards, and I believe it is usually if not always 
found with various patriotic devices, as follows : — 

[a. ) X small shield, intended to represent the National arms, with two flags on each side, 
from behind which proceed a sprig of oak on the right and palm on the left, enclosing the words 
UNION 1 for I EVER. Copper, brass and nickel. 

{b.) Wreath and cannon. Inscription, no compromise with traitors. Silver, copper, 
brass, nickel, tin, and german silver. 

(f.) Bust of Abraham Lincoln, facing to the left: above, in place of a legend, thirteen 
stars, and at the bottom 1864. Copper, brass, nickel, tin and german silver. 

DCCXXVI. Another Masonic obverse has a small square and compasses, 
the arms of the former disproportionately long, with thirteen small stars nearly 
surrounding them. This die, which is said by Mr. Groh to have been cut by 
Mr. Johnston, of Cincinnati, was apparendy used till worn out, so that different 

525 I have indicated the divisions of the lines, when known to me. 



272 MASONIC MEDALS. 

impressions sometimes look as if taken from different dies. I have found this 
with the following reverses : — " 

(a.) W. JOHNSTON, I * I DIE | SINKER | • — • | CIN. O. CoppCr. 
(3.) A. BRUGGEMANN, GROCER. COR. LIBERTY & WALNUT. CoppCr. 
(f.) L. LEILFUS, GROCER, 7OI ELM ST. CoppCr. 

{d. ) J. GEISER, A bracket of flowers above and below the name. Copper. This reverse 
is muled with another Masonic obverse mentioned below. The dies are very badly worn. 

(«.) E. HEiNZMANN | * | N? 1 2 | * | COURT ST. Copper. Mulcd also as the preceding. 

{/.) E. KAHN & C° NO. 73 EVERETT ST. * MEAT STORE ♦. Copper. 

{g.) A. KARMAN | * | N° | 627 | CENTRAL AVENUE | CIN. O. Copper. 

{k. ) J. REIS & C° MEAT STORE COR. 7™ & WALNUT. Copper. 

(i.) W. ALENBURG. NO. 62 2 CENTRAL AVE. MEAT STORE. Copper. 

(J.) H. JOHNSTON, DIE SINKER, 1 54 EVERETT ST. CIN. O. Copper. 5=6 

(k. ) United States Shield ; thirteen stars above, and union below. Copper. 

DCCXXVII. A fourth Masonic die, of poorer execution still than any 
yet named, has a smaller square and compasses, with a semicircle of thirteen 
stars above and a curved bracket or partial wreath of flowers below. This 
die is attributed to the same engraver. It was used long after its usefulness, 
if it ever had any, was passed, and many impressions show a break running 
through all the stars. I have found this with the following reverses : — 

{a.) As DCCXXVI d. Copper. 
lb.) As DCCXXVI e. Copper. 

(c) H. NOLWER. GROCER. COR. FINDLAV. Copper. 

Beside these dies, there are also many which have the square and com- 
passes in connection with business cards, and I mention a few of these very 
briefly. It will be understood that the Masonic device is on the obverse of 
each of the following : the dies of the first five numbers are attributed to John 
Stanton, Cincinnati. 

DCCXXVIII. Obverse, frank beresford, above and Cincinnati below. 
Reverse, buy your | meat | of | frank | beresford | in | market. Copper. 
Size 12. 

526 Mr. Groh did not possess this, and could not vouch for the correctness of the descrfplion. 



MASONIC MEDALS. 273 

DCCXXIX. Obverse, As obverse of DCCXXVIII. Reverse, An 
Indian head with thirteen stars above, and date 1863 below. Edge milled. 
Copper and brass. Size 12. 

DCCXXX. Obverse, a. d. wood. | hardware | merchant small square 
and compasses, and below, Indianapolis ^^^ Reverse, As reverse of DCCXXIX. 
Copper and brass. Size 12. 

DCCXXXI. Obverse, c. bond, druggist, cadiz. md and a small square 
and compasses. Reverse, As reverse of DCCXXIX. Copper and brass. 
Size 12. 

DCCXXXI I. Obverse, w. ii. cotteral, p. m. middletown, ill, : the 
square and compasses in the centre. Reverse, As reverse of DCCXXIX. 
Copper and brass. Size 12. 

DCCXXXIII. Obverse, " The square and compasses plain." Reverse, 

WM. BICKEL, BOOKS &c HUNTINGTON, IND. Copper.^''^ Size 12. 

There are several pieces which are so frequently thought to be Masonics, 
and catalogued as such, that some reference to them seems proper, though 
any complete description would be out of place. One of the most easily 
mistaken has the square and compasses enclosing an arm holding a gavel, and 
the legend honesty, industry, and sobriety. The initials o. u. a. m. [Order 
of United American Mechanics,] are usually found with it, showing the body 
which struck it. It is of copper, (perhaps other metals,) size 16. Appleton's 
list of Washington Medals, CCLIX, describes one. 

Another Medal with various triangles, single and interlaced, a cypher of 
angular characters and having- also the letters vtsrtdcta has been 
frequently catalogued as a Masonic Medal struck by the French Communists. 
It is neither French nor Masonic, but the " signet of a Select Templar," one 
of the degrees in a Temperance secret society, and was struck in New York. 
The American Journal of Numismatics, Vol. XIII, page 47, has a full descrip- 
tion. The Communists did strike some Masonic pieces, which have been 

527 The copy furnished me of Mr. Groh's collection has 528 Mr. Groh does not vouch' for the correctness of this 
S. D. Wood, which is probably an error in copying. I description. I have never seen the piece, 
have the piece with A. D. Wood. 



274 



MASONIC. MEDALS. 



described on previous pages ; their use of the emblems of the level and of the 
clasped hands has occasionally caused such pieces to be catalogued, though 
erroneously, among Masonics, Such for instance was No. 88, in the Parmalee 
Seavey Sale, June, 1873, which had a triangle and plummet above the busts 
of Barbes and Raspail, and two clasped hands below. 

There is a German Medal, of Charles William Frederick, Margrave of 
Brandenberg Anspalch, several times sent me as Masonic. The obverse has 
his. bust, and the reverse an altar, radiant triangle and legend recte faciend. 
NEMiN. TiMEAS. It is not mentioned by.Merzdorf, who describes several of 
his son, though this could scarcely have been unknown to him, and after careful 
investigation I am satisfied it has no connection with the Fraternity. 

It seems unnecessary to mention any of the mystical or cabalistic pieces, 
those struck in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with astrological or 
alchemistic devices, and which because of their abstruse character have often 
been attributed to the Freemasons : they can generally be distinguished with 
litde difficulty. 





APPENDIX 






ARMS OF THE FREEMASONS. 




THE FREEMASONS' ARMS. 




S the Arms of the Freemasons appear on many Masonic Medals, I have 
thought some account of them would not be inappropriate in this volume, 
and the following description is taken from a paper submitted s^s to the 
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts on the subject. The armorial bearings 
of the " Society of Freemasons," given in Burke's Armory, are " Sable on 
a chevron between three castles argent, a pair of compasses extended 
chevronwise. Crest, a dove, proper, on a sphere. Supporters, two beavers, 
proper." He mentions no motto. The combination of the square and 
compasses is shown by the principal device on the shield ; the castles exhibit the work 
of stone-masons, while the beavers are selected to serve as supporters, — one on each 
side of the shield, — because they are operative builders, and emblems of industry. 

Stow says that the Masons were ihcorporated as a Company in the twelfth year of 
Henry IV., in 1412. It was probably near this date that the arms were first assumed. 
Dermott states that the Operative Masons are the thirtieth Company in London, and 
gives the date of their incorporation as 1410. An earlier edition of Burke says that the 
Guild, or London Society (of Operative Masons,) have similar arms, the variations being 
that the compasses on the chevron are sable; the crest is a castle ; the motto, " In the 
Lord is all our trust," and the shield has no supporters. The Edinboro' Guild have the 
same design, substantially, — the field being argent, the chevron azure, the compasses or, 
and the castles proper. Whatever may be taken as the date of the incorporation of the 
529 The whole may be found in their Proceedings for 1880, pp. 30, et seq. 



278 THE FREEMASONS' ARMS. 

Guild or Company, these arms are acknowledged by heraldic students to be nearly or 
quite five centuries old. 

In the "Add. Chart, 19,135, British Museum," cited by Hughan, will be found a 
description of the original grant of arms, to the " Hole Crafte and Felawshipe of 
Masons," by William Hawkeslowe, Clarenceux King-at-arms, dated " London, the yere 
of the Reigne of Kyng Edward the fourthe, oftir the Conquest the xij'**" (1472-3). 
These are essentially as the first described,53° except that the " Castellis " are " garny- 
shed with dores and wyndows of the Feld" (that is, they are depicted as having black 
doors and windows), the " cheveron " is " grayled " (or engrailed, to use the modern 
term), and the "cumpas" is "Blake." A confirmation of these arms is likewise noted 
in the margin, by similar authority, bearing the date "xij"'yereof o"" Souverain Lord 
King Henry the viij'*' " (i 520-1) and was " Entred in the Visitacon of London, made 
1634." These citations sufficiently establish, I think, the antiquity of the arms, and the 
combination of the square and compasses as ever since used by Masons. 

In Maitland's " History 0/ London from its foundation to 1756," the arms are 
given almost identically as blazoned by Burke, except the color of the field, which Mait- 
land describes- as azure instead of sable. If this description by Maitland be correct, it 
would be a fair presumption that with the revival of their charter by Charles II., in 
1677, the color of the field was changed by the London Guild from sable to azure ; but 
this needs confirmation. Maitland mentions no supporters to the arms, but describes 
the crest as a castle argent. This blazon as to color agrees with the sinister (or leftss') 
side of the arms of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, as used of late years, — if the engrav- 
ing of their arms on a vase used on public occasions, and shown in the edition of their 
Grand Constitutions published in 1852, is correctly drawn. Their crest, like that of the 
arms described by Matland, 53= is a castle argent, and their motto " In the Lord is all our 
trust." Azure, as used by this body, seems preeminently appropriate for the color of the 
arms of "blue" Masons. 

The formation of the Grand Lodge of England, or rather its revival, in its present 
form, occurred, as is well known, in 1717. The first nobleman who filled the chair of 

530 He gives a reprint of the original grant, with a Assemblies, and penal to attend them, had become obso- 

plate showing the colors. Masonic Magazine, London lete, at least so far as the Master Masons were concerned. 

(September), 1874, p. 87. This allusion to the " Hole Indeed, the act of 1427, declaring former laws too hard 

Craft and Felawshipe of Masons " indicates a united Craft on " Master Masons," indicates a disposition to construe 

for all England, and as the Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury them as applicable particularly to iourneymen. They 

kindly informs me, tends to prove that the act of 1360, were all repealed in 15 Eliz. 

which forbade the alliance and covins of Masons, congre- 531 That is the wearer's, not observer's left 

gations, chapiters, and ordinances and oaths made be- 532 I find Maitland mentioned as an authority. It is 

tween them; and that of 1424, which made it felony to useless to attempt to reconcile his blazon with Burke's, as 

call these Annual Congregations, General Chapters and the weight of evidence is with the latter 



THE FREEMASONS' ARMS. 279 

Grand Master was John, Duke of Montague, who was chosen in June, 1721. How early 
the Grand Lodge adopted armorial bearings does not appear, for the records previous to 
June 24, 1723, are not in existence, so far as known; but there are some reasons for 
thinking it was during Montague's Grand Mastership, or that of the Duke of Wharton, 
his successor.533 The arms of the Grand Lodge of England, as used on a seal in 1733 
and 1734, correspond very closely with those given by Burke'; the crest however is a 
dove, on a helmet, there being no sphere. How early the sphere was used, I have not 
been able to ascertain. The motto is " Relief and Truth," and the supporters are 
beavers. 

It would seem to be eminently proper that some direction should have been made 
by the Grand Lodge of England, fixing the colors and the charges on their arms and 
seal, especially when heraldry occupies so prominent a place as it does in England ; but 
if any exists, or if any official " grant " by the Heralds' College has ever been made, I 
have been unable to find any allusion to it. For a period of very nearly half a century 
from the time of the meeting in the famous old Apple-Tree tavern, the field appears to 
have been sable. Towards the close of the last century this color was changed to gules 
(red), and in all the later engravings of those arms, which I have examined, where any 
attempt to represent color has been made, the lines used are perpendicular, denoting 
gules. The inference, therefore, is that these arms were assumed at some early period 
of the existence of the Grand Lodge, and the variation at some subsequent time, from 
sable, as given by Burke, or azure, the color of the field in the Operative Masons' arms 
and in those of the Grand Lodge of Scotland (if it should appear that the latter color 
was ever used by the English Grand Lodge,53't) to gules, was intentional, as a " differ- 
ence," using that word in its heraldic sense, and was made by the Grand Officers, with- 
out any formal action, as a result of the schism between the " Ancients," and the 
" Modern " Masons ;■ this conclusion seems to be corroborated by a remark of Laurence 
Dermott, the Secretary of the "Ancients," quoted below. 

This schism occurred in 1738, when the self-styled "Ancient" Masons seceded 
from the English Grand Lodge, and stigmatized their former Brethren as " Moderns." 

533 In "The Four Old Lodges," by Robert Freke color of the field, a somewhat singular fact, that on IX, 
Gould (London, 1879), p. 49, is a list of Lodges, from the which displays the arms of the ' " Moderns," the lines 
Minute Book of the Grand Lodge, which was commenced denoting color are clearly horizontal, which signify azure. 
Nov. 27, 1725, and " seems to have been continued until On the other hand, on the frontispiece of one of the 
1729." This list mentions 77 Lodges; the 52d on the earliest editions of Anderson's "Constitutions," (1756) I 
list met at the " Masons' Arms," in Ffulham. In a simi- find these arms with the field clearly sable, and beavers as 
larlist, page t, of the same work, dated 1725, the same supporters: and. again in a plate dated 1761, another 
sign in the same locality is also mentioned : these are the drawing of the " Masons' Arms '.' has the field sable. So 
earliest references to the arms I have found in connection that the change to gules seems to have followed the publi- 
with Lodges of Freemasons. cation of Dermott's book, mentioned below, and could 

534 In this connection, I mention, as bearing on the not have been made earlier than 1764. 



28o THE FREEMASONS' ARMS. 

A few years later, Dermott, the Grand Secretary of the Ancients, and afterwards Deputy 
Grand Master, published "Ahiman Rezon." In an edition issued in 1764, he mentions 
contemptuously the " Modern " Masons, charging them with an unlawful assumption 
" of the arms of the Operative or Stone Masons." In the frontispiece to that edition he 
gives an engraving of the last-named arms, which has a still further variation. The 
colors are not denoted, unless a few horizontal lines which faintly appear, are intended 
to signify azure. The supporters are meant to represent beavers, but are so drawn that 
they look more like hounds than beavers ; heraldic animals have but a distant re- 
semblance to those whose names they bear, and are generally depicted in a conventional 
manner. The chevron and castles are there ; but the crest is entirely different, being a 
naked dexter arm, embowed, couped above the elbow, and holding a trowel. 

I have found no authority for this crest, beside this engraving, and but a single 
allusion in another author to such a device. Dermott then proceeds to blazon a coat of 
arms, which he attributes to a certain "Jewish Rabbi," — a famous and learned Hebrew- 
ist, whose existence is mythical, to say the least, — whom he calls "Jacob Jehudah 
Leon," suggested, of course, by the " Lion of Judah," which, he says, were found in 
his collection, and are the true arms of the Freemasons. He makes no attempt to trace 
their connection with the Order, except in the most general way, and it is obvious to 
any one who gives the matter attention that they have nothing to do with legitimate 
Freemasonry, and his efforts at connecting them therewith were only one of his multi- 
farious schemes to establish on some plausible ground the antiquity of the body whose 
claims he so strenuously defended, and to link it in this way to a Masonic body which 
had long assembled at York. 

Dermott "unlawfully assumes" these arms for his own body, and gives an engrav- 
ing of them on the same plate — (frontispiece, " Ahiman Rezon,") wherein the colors are 
plainly indicated. His blazon is as follows : — (I follow his spelling and punctuation.) 

" Quarterly per squares counterchanged vert [i. e., green]. In the first quarter 
azure, a lyon rampant or. In the second quarter or, an ox passant sable. In the third 
quarter or, a man with hands erect, proper robed, crimson and ermin. In the fourth 
quarter azure, an eagle displayed or. Crest, the holy Ark of the Covenant, proper, 
supported by cherubims.'' The supporters of the arms are also cherubim, instead of 
beavers. " Motto, Kodes la Adonai ; i. e., ' Holiness to the Lord.' " See his work 
quoted above, edition of 1764.53s On this plate these arms first make their appearance 
in connection with "blue" Masonry. , 

535 ^"=8 P^'ge xxxiv. of which, for an account of Leon, motto is engraved in Hebrew. The English version of 
This blazon is copied in Robson's "Heraldry." The the characters is not strictly correct ; see CCCCLV. 



THE FREEMASONS ARMS. 281 

From Hughan's "Masonic Register," I find that "The 'Grand Royal Arch Chap- 
ter, York,' had also arms- and a seal. ... The title noted forms the inscription on 
an. old seal still preserved,53« above being a crescent and a triangle, surrounded by a 
rainbow emanating from clouds. On the reverse is a shield bearing in the four quarters 
a lion, ox, man, and eagle, respectively; also as a crest, the Ark of the Covenant, with 
cherubim for supporters. This coat of arms," he continues, " was [substantially] adopted 
by Bro. Laurence Dermott, a few years later, for the 'Ancients,' and as we know the 
latter organization claimed a York origin, — which was not correct, — it is easy to see 
how such arms, being promulgated by their indefatigable Grand Secretary, would tend 
to confirm the antiquity claimed." 

I have no doubt of the correctness of Bro. Hughan's surmise, that this was the 
true origin of the "Ancients'" arms, the "Grand Chapter" deriving them of course from 
the banners of the four principal tribes of Israel, while the charges themselves are 
well-known Biblical emblems, — the "learned Rabbi Jacob Jehudah Leoni " being per- 
haps Dermott's mystical way of speaking of the Grand Royal Arch Chapter at York. 
Previous to this time the seal of the " Ancients " contained simply the square and 
compasses, surmounted by a dagger, the motto "Virtue and Silence," 537 — occasionally 
rendered into Latin, — and the inscription "Grand Lodge of London." 

But Dermott was no better herald than antiquarian. What is meant by "per 
squares counterchanged vert" I venture to say no member of the Heralds' College 
could explain. It is a jargon of heraldic terms, and the whole coat is but little better. 
Sir Albert W. Woods, the highest authority on heraldry in England, pronounces these 
Arms, even in their present modified form, as impaled with the arms of the "Moderns" 
on the seal of the United Grand Lodge, to be "fanciful and not altogether heraldic." 
On referring to Dermott's drawing, a fac-simile of which will be found in Hughan's 
"Memorials of the Masonic Union," etc., London, 1874, it seems probable that "quar- 
terly per squares " may mean that four Mason's squares are so placed as to divide the 
field into quarters. Possibly he uses the word "counterchanged" to signify that the 
squares are placed counter to each other, so that their angles come nearly together in 
the centre of the shield. But this is not the heraldic signification of the word ; that 
would imply that the color of the squares was modified by that of the quarter they are 
on ; for instance, the first and fourth quarters being azure, the squares thereon, by the 
laws of heraldry, must be argent, or else or (white or gold), no other '.'tincture" being 
allowable ; the other quarters being of metal, (or, gold,) the squares must be in color, 

53O Hughan says this degree met about 1760 indepen- "dagger" may have been intended to allude to the 
dently, and I infer that this seal is not less ancient. sword of St. Paul, the emblem of his martyrdom, which 

537 The name of his Grand Lodge suggests that the appears in the arms of the city of London. 



282 THE FREEMASONS ARMS. 

that is vert, azute, or anything except or or argent. In other words, heraldic law requires 
color on metal, or vice versa (the only two metals being silver, argent, and gold, or), and 
this law Dermott in his ignorance violates. 

That he intended all the squares should be vert (green) is plainly indicated by the 
oblique lines denoting that tincture in his plate. His drawing shows a space between 
the squares, but the color is not denoted, unless it be argent. It certainly is not the 
color of either quarter on which the squares are superimposed. So that it will be seen 
that the plate does not agree with his blazon, any better than the latter conforms to the 
laws of the " gentle science." 

The " Modern " Masons paid little attention to Dermott's charge of " unlawful 
appropriation," which he raised to conceal his own, and continued to use the arms they 
had so long borne, possibly changing the color of the field to gules, as has been sug- 
gested above, a few years later. 

There is one other coat-of-arms, of great antiquity, which deserves a brief men- 
tion from its connection with our Fraternity. It is that of the "Grand Lodge of All 
England," so called, which was formed about 1725, or earlier, on the old Lodge that 
had assembled for many years in the city of York, the seal of which body has already 
been described, and which has within a border formed by a double trefoil, a Norman 
shield with three crowns, two over one ; the colors are not denoted, but the field was no 
doubt azure and the crowns or. 

The extinction of the " Grand Lodge of All England " caused these arms to pass 
into forgetfulness, their use and memory being only retained in those Lodges which 
by their location, their history, or their name, have held some relation to the ancient 
York body. The three crowns are now used as emblems in English Royal Arch 
Masonry, but are there always, I believe, placed one over two, and have no direct allu- 
sion to the device of the York Grand Lodge.^s' 

When the union between the " Ancient " and " Modern " Masons was effected, in 
December, 18 13, the old seals were broken, and a new one was made, as provided in 
Article IX of the Agreement, which was formed by impaling the arms of the 
"Moderns," on the dexter side, with those of the "Ancients" on the sinister. The 

538 Hon. Cliarles L. Woodbury, 33", who is a well- arms of the University allude also to the union of three 

known authority in such matters, informs me that the Saxon Idngdoms under Alfred the Great, the traditional 

three crowns in the arms of tlie "Grand Lodge of All founder of'Oxford. The crowns should be arranged in a 

England," in those of the University of Oxford, and of triangle. The one at the apex is called Kether ; those at 

the city of Cologne, have a lofty religious significance, the lower corners are named Binah and Chockmah, in 

They refer to the first and highest triad in the Kaballa. Hebrew. Their significance is well known to the in- 

Probably m the arms of Sweden and of Cologne they structed in "High Masonry," and in the Hebrew syna- 

have also a local meaning; and very likely those in the gogues, and was familiar in the Medieval Church. 



THE FREEMASONS ARMS. 283 

crest and supporters used were those of the "Ancients," with their motto in Hebrew 
over the Ark of the Covenant; and upon a ribbon below the shield the words "Audi, 
Vide, Tace," [Hear, see, be silent,] instead of " Relief and Truth," which had been used 
for so many years by the " Moderns." Aside from this there seems to be no other 
record of the device of the new seal.539 

In Hughan's " Masonic Register," etc., I find these arms emblazoned in accord- 
ance with the laws of heraldry, for which the Craft is indebted to no less an authority 
than Sir Albert W. Woods, Garter (the head of the Heralds' College), and Grand 
Director of Ceremonies of the United Grand Lodge of England. 

His description is as follows : — 

"Arms: — Per pale, the dexter gules, on a chevron between three castles argent, 
a pair of compasses extended proper ; sinister, quarterly, azure and or, a cross quarterly 
of the second \i.e., argent], and vert between. In the first quarter a lion rampant of 
the fifth [or] : in the second an ox passant sable : in the third a man with hands ele- 
vated, vested of the sixth [vert], robed crimson lined with ermine : and in the fourth an 
eagle displayed or. The whole within an ear of corn 54° and a sprig of acacia, tied by 
a riband in base. 

" Crest : — A representation of an ark, supported oft either side by a cherubim 
proper, with the motto over it in Hebrew characters (sable), ' Holiness to the Lord.' 

"Supporters: — On either side a cherubim proper. 

"Motto: — Under the arms, — 'Audi, Vide, Tace!" 

It will thus be seen that Dermott's "four squares counterchanged " have now 
become a cross, quarterly argettt and vert; that is, the sides forming the upper angle 
on observer's left, and the lower angle on the right, are white, while the corresponding 
opposite parts are green. Before leaving this matter of the squares, it may be proper 
to recall the fact the chevron, as , borne by the " Moderns," doubtless alludes to the 
" square." 

These two coats of arms have been the basis from which the arms of nearly all 
Grand Lodges, which use armorial bearings, have been derived. 

It only remains to speak of the motto. The Mother Lodge in England, in its 
early days, used "Relief and Truth." There are many old medals, tokens, jewels, 
pitchers, etc., extant, bearing the arms of the Fraternity, and associated with them it 

^oThis union of the arms was, like everything else enemy, which had not the slightest claim to antiquity, or 

connected with the "Act of Union," a mutual concession, even respect, for any Masonic character it possessed. 
The self-styled Ancients acknowledged the seniority of 540 The " ear of corn," as our English Brethren style 

the Moderns, by according to them the place of honor, it, we should call an ear of wheat. The words m brackets 

while the " Moderns " admitted to an equality with their in the description I add for explanation to those not fami- 

own time-honored arms, the production of their bitterest liar with heraldic terms. 



284 TtlE FREEMASONS' ARMS. 

will often be found that the words, " Amor, Honor et Justitia," (Love, Honor and Jus- 
tice), are used, instead of Relief and Truth, though I cannot find that they were ever 
officially employed. This motto was used for nearly, or quite, half a century. On the 
Medal once belonging to Grand Master Price, dated 5763, and on the Prince of Wales 
token, or half-penny piece, as well as on the well-known early Washington Medal, which 
has the date 1797, and many others described on the preceding pages, this motto alone 
is inscribed. 54' 

The early motto of the Massachusetts Grand Lodge was " Follow Reason." This 
was meant as a translation, as is clearly evident, of the motto on the Montague arras, 
" Suivez Raison," which might better perhaps have been rendered, "' Follow Right." 
The sentiment suggested by the late Dr. Lewis, and embodied in a later motto {Nihil 
humani alienum), indicates both the universality of Freemasonry, and that a Mason's 
charity should be equally extensive. The ancient motto has been lately resumed. A 
reference to the plate will give a better idea of the various coats than any verbal 
description. At the top, on the left, are seen the arms of the Society, as given by 
Burke; in the centre, are those of the " Moderns," from 1765 or thereabouts, till the 
Union ; next are those of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, before impalement. In the 
second line, on the left, are the arms, crest and supporters of the Provincial Grand 
Lodge of Massachusetts ; next, the arms of the Grand Lodge of All England ; following 
which are the arms and crest of the " Ancients ; " the supporters of the latter are 
omitted here, being the same with those which are seen beside the arms of the United 
Grand Lodge, which is at the bottom, on the left ; and, lastly, are the arms lately 
adopted by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. 

541 For some interesting notes on the early seal of the tion, page 363 et seq. and page 385, though I doubt some 
" Ancients," and the motto thereon, the reader is referred of the conclusions there reached, 
to Rebold's General History of Freemasonry, Boston edi- 




NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 




', URING the four years and more which have elapsed since the printing of this Catalogue was 
begun, I have obtained many of the Masonic Medals which are not fully described in 
the preceding pages, or have been able to correct my descriptions by examining pieces in 
the collections of others ; in these Notes will be found, additional information as to the 
size, metal, and, in some instances, the Lodge, the occasion, or the person in whose honor they were 
struck. Some typographic errors which escaped notice are also corrected. No doubt by keeping open 
the list longer I should have been able to give more complete descriptions of many Medals whose exist- 
ence I have but recently discovered, and to enlarge the list ; but this delay would have postponed 
publication unreasonably, and increased to a considerable amount the cost of printing, which has already 
greatly exceeded the original plan. That promised accounts of about six hundred, while this Catalogue 
contains descriptions of seven hundred and thirty-three Masonic Medals, beside thirty varieties not 
numbered, and nearly fifty other pieces more or less closely related to Freemasonry, including those 
occasionally mistaken for Masonics. This explanation seems demanded, to account for the unexpected 
delay in publication. 

I. In " Notes and Queries," 4th series. Vol. IV., p. 44, was a query in regard to this Medal, signed 
" I. N. O.," and in Vol. V.. p.°iS, another, signed "Belfast." From these queries I am led to think 
that an impression of this very rare Medal, of which the possessors of only one or two, at the most, 
are known, may have been in the hands of some gentleman in England, or Ireland, who was ignorant 
not only of its rarity, but of its interest as the " oldest known Masonic Medal." Sackville, it is said, in 
Kenning's Cyclopaedia, was not a Lord at all, certainly not Duke of Middlesex. Natter, who cut the 
dies, was a pupil of Bernard Oxe ; he was born at Biberach, in Suabia, in 1705, and died in 1767, at 
St. Petersburg. He is said to have taken the rite of Strict Observance to Stockholm and St. Petersburg, 
and by some Zinnendorf is thought to have obtained some of his teachings from Natter ; but this is 
doubtful. 

IV. Boettiger is known to Masonic Antiquaries from having first called attention to the " York 
Constitutions ; " though, says Woodford, " what the MS. is which he actually saw, is not made out." He 



286 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

was initiated, according to that authority, in 1780; others give the date' as Nov. 8, 1781, in Dresden. 
He took the second and third degrees at Rusdorf, in 1782. and had much to do. says Woodford, with the 
formation of the Grand Lodge of Saxony, beside writing several interesting Masonic essays. 

V. There was a Dutch Roman Catholic " Order of David and Jonathan," dating from 1770, which 
is said to have used a device somewhat similar to the obverse of this Medal. With regard to the Lodge 
which struck this piece, see Note 225. 

VL The warrants of Dermott's Grand Lodge, the "Ancients," had the legend "Virtue and 
Silence" as early as 1757. See Rebold's History of Masonry (Boston edition, 1875. note, p. 385). 
ViRTUTi ET SiLENTio is also the motto of the " Royal Order of Scotland," and Amicitia, Virtute et 
SiLENTio is found on XXXIL, a craft Medal. Whether this motto was once used in Scotland as Amor, 
Honor et Amicitia was in England, I have not been able to ascertain ; the Medal is of English or 
Scotch origin. 

VII. The size is 30, nearly. 

VIII. For andenken in eighth line read andencken, and the syllable at the beginning of the 
tenth line is vollesten, not vollsten. 

IX. There have been restrikes of this Medal from modern dies, which may be readily distinguished, 
but to which, so far as I know, the attention of collectors has never been called. The original is the 
smaller, measuring 18, sometimes 19; while the restrike is 20. I mention some points of difference: on 
the obverse, the shape of the letters varies ; on the original, the bottom of the straight letters, fie, 
&c., has a notch, while the other's have not; the centre of the m in svpremi and eadem does not come 
half way down in the original, while in the other it nearly reaches the bottom of the letter. The rays of 
the moon touch the s in svpremi, but not that of facies ; in the restrike they are fewer in number and 
touch both ; the earth in the original is quite flat, compared with the other ; the latter having different 
geographical lines from the former. The rays of the sun in the original are thinner ; a group of four 
fall in front of the earth in one place, and two rays in another; on the restrike three fall in one place a!nd 
one in the other ; those on the right do not nearly reach the period after eadem in the original, while in 
the other they pass it. In the exergue the letters in uambvrgi, especially A and v, are much more con- 
densed and smaller than in the restrike ; the original has a per.iod at the end of the line, the other has 
none. The original has no border, the other has a raised one. The edge of the original is milled, the 
other is not. There are also differences equally perceptible on comparison in the reverse of the two faces, 
but more difficult to describe. The field of the shield on both has horizontal lines to denote azure, and 
the chevron is dotted on the original, as if to represent or (gold) ; on the other it is plain, as if for 
argent (silver). The ribbon surrounding the shield turns upon itself, or is rather more twisted in the 
original than in the other. The rays are very different in shape and grouping. The end of the square 
behind the shield is cut off on the right by a straight line on the original, while on the other it is by a 
curving line. D. H. Fecit, does not appear at all on the restrike ; the weight of the level falls below its 
base on the restrike, but not on the original. Other slight differences will be observed on comparison. 
I mention these minute points because the original is very rare in perfect condition ; it is generally found 
much worn, and only a few of these points may be distinguished. I have also seen one impression the 
obverse of which was very convex. Merzdorf alludes to this, citing the Essen catalogue, which " men- 
tions a variety of this as • Knopfformig' [or button-shaped], and attributes it to 1740." If Zacharias is 
correct, who is my authority for the statement in the text, the date cannot be 1740. The legend on the 
piece is svpremi, not S«premi, and the size is 19, not 27, as printed in the text. The Lodge is still 



■ NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 287 

working (under Schroder's system), and bears the name Absalom of the Three Nettles. Its device is 
shown on CXV. (Plate VII.) 

X. The temple on obverse has yfw^ steps, not seven; the edge is milled; the size is 15, not 17. 
The Lodge is independent — not under any Grand Lodge — as are several other German Lodges. 

XII. Concerning this Medal, see also Note 226. I have two varieties, with different scrolls in 
exergue. Mr. Poillon has one with no scroll, the obverse being from an entirely different die, the figure 
of Hippocrates being very awkward, the limbs out of proportion ; the cornucopia almost twice as large, 
and the Masonic implements almost touching the ground. 

XIII. For " the right background" read on /lis right (see cut) ; the letters on the stone are in three 
lines ; the size is 30. The Medal is marked in German Catalogues R^ in bronze. Mr. Poillon has one 
in this metal, and I have one in silver. 

XIV AND XV. I have little doubt that both these are engraved Medals, and should not have been 
numbered. 

XVI. For HILPERVSAE in exergue of obverse read hilperhvsae. The date in exergue of reverse 
is 4048. In a few copies it is printed 4648. 

XVII. Also found in white metal. The statement as to the dies is questioned. 

XVIII. In second line there are no points after Ao on the Medal. Sixth and seventh lines, strike 
out the words " by the Lodge Agrippa." The abbreviation Col. is for Colonia, not Collegia, andColonia 
Agrippina is of course Cologne. The Medal is also found in bronze. 

XIX. For " Stockmaw " read Stockraar. 

XX. The book at the foot of the column is open, on a Medal in my possession, not closed, as 
described and engraved. The error arose from following Zacharias, where the engraving gives it as closed. 

XXI. The name on the curbstone is weeden. This is very rare in silver and bronze, but common 
in tin, and I have seen a trial piece with reverse plain. 

XXII. Also found in copper. 

XXIII. Also in silver ; very rare. 

XXIV. The date under the jewel, on the reverse, is incused on one in Mr. Poillon's collection. I 
have an impression in silver, which has no date. 

XXVI. I understand that impressions from the dies of this Medal can be obtained in various metals. 

XXVII. Of this Medal I have an impression in silver, with the name b.-.j.-.verwey engraved on 
the edge at the top, and the date in Roman numerals at the bottom ; on one of bronze the edge has the 
name b.-.van rappard and the date. I have seen several in silver and bronze without date or name, 
which I suppose are restrikes. 

XXVIII AND XXIX. Are found in copper, and struck like coins. By "struck like a coin," is 
meant that the obverse and reverse are arranged as they are on coins, as distinguished from their ordinary 
position on Medals. 

XXX. There is a Medal from dies almost if not exactly similar, but with et helvetie added, in 
continuation of the legend on the reverse. R.- R.-. probably stands for Reunis. With regard to the 
"Directories," see Ragon, Orthodoxie Maconnique, page 117. The Templar Regime of the Chevalier 
Ramsay had produced various Directories — called Scottish — each of which exercised a certain suprem- 
acy, called by itself, at least. Masonic. Strasburg was the head of the Province of Bourgogne, — the isth 
province which, with Lyons, Bordeaux, &c., called itself " Langue Francaise," in imitation of the old 
Templars. Ephemerides, p. 52. 



288 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

XXXII. This Medal must have been struck previous to 1756, as the seal of the Grand Lodge of 
Scotland, on the Charter of St. Andrew's Lodge of Boston, issued in that year, has those arms impaled 
with the lion of Scotland. 

XXXIII. By the kindness of Bro. Rob't Morris, I have examined this Medal. The " St. John and 
Maltese Cross" should read St. Andrew and his Cross. With regard to the motto, see Note above on VI. 

XXXV. The date on the impression in my collection is 5830, not 1830. The Lodge was consti- 
tuted by the Grand Orient of France, Dec. 10, 1806, and I presume the date is that of mintage. See 
also DXCIX, and Note 436. 

XXXVI. There have been ten impressions in silver, and a few in copper and brass, restruck from 
these dies. 

XXXVII. Twenty-five have been struck in brass. 

XL. King Leopold was initiated in 1812, by the Lodge Hope, of Berne, Switzerland, which was 
originally constituted by the Grand Orient of France, Sept 14. 1803. June 24, 1819, it became a Pro- 
vincial Grand Lodge of England, and afterwards recognized only the three symbolic degrees. — {Retold.) 
Leopold was the distinguished prince whose kindness to his niece, Queen Victoria, in her girlhood, is so 
gratefully mentioned in her Memoirs. 

XLI. The device on the shield is taken for a burning taper. In the arms of the city of Liege there 
is said to be a column, which the citizens call " Le Perron." See Van Loon IV. 157. In another place 
that author gives an engraving of a Medal, bearing the arms of the city, with the description: — 
Quarterly : i, argent, a fess gules ; 2, argent, three lions rampant, two over one ; 3, barry of eight, gules 
and argent ; 4, argent, three hunting horns, two over one. Over all, an escutcheon of pretence, on which 
is the column. The color of the field in his engraving varies from the Medal, especially in the first 
quarter ; but it is clear that the device on XLI is intended to show the arms of the city of Liege as now 
emblazoned. 

LIII. There is a variety of this Medal in Mr. Poillon's cabinet; the design is the same, but the 
cross patee on the obverse is heavier, and the partings between the arms blunter. 

LIV. This Medal is engraved in Vacheron's Ephemerides, p. 136. Mr. Poillon has a variety, the 
reverse being apparently from a different die, and showing slight differences in the leaves and a few of the 
letters. The original and variety both exist in bronze. Jaley, who cut these dies, was a Bavarian 
engraver, and afterwards employed by the Bank of France ; he made the dies for many beautifully-cut 
Masonics. 

LV. Pythagoras Lodge has this in bronze, and Mr. Carson one in white metal. 

LVI. The legend adhuc stat was originally a favorite motto in the Strict Observance, and prob- 
ably related to the preservation of Templary. 

LVIII. The edge of this Medal is milled, and the piece is struck like a coin. Mr. Poillon and 
Mr. Appleton have the only impressions in silver that I have heard of in America. I have a very fine 
(for the piece) electrotype, silver plated, and an impression in bronze in the Hess Sale, Frankfort, August 
29, 1876, brought about $3.00. 

LXII. The Parmalee-Seavey Sale, June, 1873, catalogues one of these in silver, (No. 85,) which is 
the only impression in that metal that I have heard of. No. 87 in the same sale is probably LXVI, but it 
is erroneously described as bearing the arms of the Duke of York; they are those of the " Modern" 
Grand Lodge. The rarity of this piece is decided by the edge reading; b is scarce; it has ten dots and 
ten crosses. Other varieties are as follows : 



NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 289 

(?) as g, but without fecit. 

(/) Payable in Lancaster, London, or Bristol. 

(k) as h, but with Masonic omitted, the letters wider apart, and the space filled with crosses. 

(/) like (c) but fecit [different from text in spelling of name.] 

Mr. W. W. Austin, of Richmond, Ind., writes me that he has one of these tokens with a still further 
variation in the edge reading, viz. : 

{m) Payable by I. Simmons Sample House.. 

I have not heard of any other impression with this reading, and presume it to be rare. 

Hughan, {Masonic Magazine, London, 1876-7, page 359,) mentions (his 7th) a variety reading 
Masonic Halfpenny Token, J. Schichley Fecit, 1794. in the possession of Lieut. Col. Burdette 
Pro. Grand Master, Middlesex. England. With the exception of this variety. Hughan's descriptions are 
all from actual observation of the piece. He thinks this was the same as h. but I think it more probably 
meant for e, or else another variety still. Very likely others will be. found.- I have named thirteen, — that 
described in the text being different from either of those referred to by letters. An engraving of several 
of these tokens is given in the number of the Masonic Magazine mentioned above. Batty mentions a 
Glasgow token. (3335) which has the arms of that city and other devices, with an edge inscription, 
" Masonic I. Schrichley Fecit." Thefe is nothing Masonic about it except the word itself. 

LXIV. .Mr. G. H. Farrier, of Jersey city, has this with edge, reading. Payable in London, Lan- 
caster OR Bristol [Lundon and Lancaster transposed]. 

LXV. Beside the edge reading mentioned, this piece is also found with edge lettered as follows : — 

{a) Payable at London or Dublin. 

ib) Payable at London or Bristol. These I learn from Hughan's article quoted above. 

LXVL The word Half Penny on reverse is in two lines. Besides the milled edge, it also has : 

(a) Payable in Dubli.v or London. + • + • The reverse is muled with obv. not Masonic. See 
Batty,. Catalogue of Copper Coinage, 1495, and 3700, Halfpenny Tokens. Hughan also mentions still 
another muled obverse (not Masonic) with wooden walls of old England, etc. 

LXVin. The name of the place should be Grinstead, not Gri;«stead. On the reverse will be 
found a small square and compasses under the shield, between two folds of a ribbon. The edge reading 
is given by Hughan, as in my text, but on a piece in my collection it is as follows : — 

payable at I t h. boorman. 0X0x0. Mr. Carson has one with date 1796. 

There appear to be nearly as many varying dies of these Halfpenny Tokens as of the " Connecticut 
Cent," with such trifling differences in them, especially of LXH, in the form of the letters, their 
spacing, distance from the triangle, the shape of rays, &c., as to make it impossible to catalogue them. 
It seems useless to attempt any description of these variations, for the differences perceptible between two 
or three tokens, as compared with one which I might take as a standard, could not be discerned by one 
who did not have an impression known to be from the same dies by which to trace them, and in addition 
to all there are an apparently unlimited number of blunders in the edge lettering. The varieties a, b, and 
m.oi LXn, (not reckoning careless blunders,) LXV with lettered edge, and LXVHI are probably the 
most difBcult to obtain. 

LXX. Pythagoras Lodge has this Medal in silver also. The legend has the word de after G.-. o.-. 
and all the abbreviations have three points after them, not one. I correct from an impression in my 
collection. Mr. Poillon has it in brass. 

LXXn. The obverse only has a beaded border around the legend ; that of the reverse is plain. 



290 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

LXXIV. Found also in silver and brass. 

LXXV. Exists in copper also, in Mr. Carson's collection. 

LXXVI. Tlie border is beaded. 

LXXVIII. It is interesting to notice that the small cross in the centre of the Medal is that from 
which the Templar cypher, is formed. (See Figure 38, plate X.) Palaprat was elected in 1804, but the 
Medals with Templar cypher were not struck till 1820-21. 

LXXIX, I have in silver and white metal. The die of the obverse shows a flaw on the upper edge. 
I prefer to translate the legend: — It shines, (z. e., the Lodge,) with friendship, union, and liberality. 

LXXX. I now have an impression, and notice thatthe standards are divided per saltire, the top 
division is sable, and those on the sides, argent. The color of the lower division, if red, cannot well be 
distinguished. The crosss "patee" is erroneously called Teutonic, which is a cross " potent." The 
figure 30 below the cross is followed by a small E, under which are the points arranged in triangular form. 
Struck like a coin. Mr. Poillon has it in silver. The piece referred to in Note 52, is DCV. 

LXXXV and LXXXVI are said by Cogan to have been cut by Wurden at Brussels, not Paris, as 
stated in the text. 

LXXXVIII. For Sincerity, read Sincere. 

XCIII. See Note 473, where the error in exergue is corrected. It should read J.-. B.-. I have this 
in silver and bronze. Mr. Poillon has impressions also, but all I have seen are weakly struck, or worn, as 
to the temple frieze. 

XCIV. See Note 474. In the pediment is a level. I doubt if couronnee should be given as a 
part of the legend, though it is a part of the name of the Lodge, tenebrae on the reverse should be 

TENEBRAS. 

XCVI. I now have this in bronze. On the obverse " Truth " holds a cluster of rays, which is not a 
triangle, but may be intended for the sun, or the letter jod: the " tables of the law" I should now call 
simply an open book, and "the pen" a palm branch. On the reverse, the left column has J and the right 
B on its shaft : the triangle bears the tetragrammaton : there is no level, but a plumb and rule : on either 
side of the steps appears a tesselated pavement: the legend has L'o.-. not l'or.". and there is a small * 
separating each side of the date from the legend. The size should be 18 not 20. 

XCIX. On the altar, on a Medal in my collection, there is but one heart, and instead of a level and 
plumb, are a rule and trowel ; on the reverse, under the leafless tree on the left, in small letters, v. f. 
This Medal is engraved in Tresor Numismatique, Nap., pi. 54, fig. 14. 

C. Coeur de Lion Commandery is of New York city ; the Medal is struck in gold and silver also. 

CI. This has been struck in silver and brass. The number of the Commandery is 36 not 37, as 
printed. See DCXCVll and DCXCVIII. 

CII. Mr. Poillon has this in tin. The length is 32 not 48. 

cm and CV. These two Medals are not silver, but some soft metal, silver-plated, and the latter I 
have little doubt is a cast. It is sometimes gilt. 

CVIII. I have a cast in plaster from the original of this very rare Medal, now in the Cabinet of the 
Grand Lodge of Hamburg. The " tetragrammaton" should be " the letter jod." 

ex. An impression of this very rare Medal in my collection shows that the Js in the name should 
both be I. The size should be 22. In an old Masonic Almanac of the year 1776, in the Library of the 
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, Jaenisch is spoken of as Master of the *' Scottish Lodge Gottfried of the 
Seven Stars." He was born in 1707, and died in 1781 : he was initiated in Absalom Lodge in 1743, and 



NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 291 

at one time was Provincial Grand Master of Hamburg. He was taken up, says Kenning's Cyclopedia, 
with the Clermont and Templar systems, and a warm supporter of the Strict Observance. 

CXII. The reference should be to figure 29, Plate VII, not figure 3, as printed in the note. 

CXIV. The obverse of this Medal is suggestive of the seal of the so called IX Masonic Province, 
(Sweden,) Stora, or Land Lodge, which, as represented in a colored plate of seals and arms of Swedish 
Lodges in the Library of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, has an altar on a mosaic pavement ; upon it 
are three gavels, the handles towards each other, a cable-tow across and falling on each side, the square 
and compasses on the front of the altar, and a blazing star over it. 

CXV. There are fourteen or fifteen Lodges in Hamburg, but the five here named belong to the 
Grand Lodge [of the five United Lodges] of Hamburg ; the others have, I understand, a different alle- 
giance. I have this Medal in bronze. 

CXVII. I have this in silver. The ce in cceurs form one letter. The word is furtior, an error in 
the die, a point on which I was uncertain when the note was printed. 

CXVIII. This is engraved in Tresor, Revol. Plate 93, figure 12. 

CXIX. I have this in copper, the edge milled. 

CXX. I have this in silver, size 17, not 14, and the legend on the obverse has no S.-. I now doubt 
whether the JJ.-. stands for Inspecteurs as Merzdorf gives it, and as mentioned in the note. It may be 
Juges, as Tresor says ; see DXXXIV. 

CXXII. The description is not quite correct. The altar has seven steps, and the inscription is in 
four lines : the pillar on the right has a level on its base, and des under it : that on the left the square and 
compasses on its base, and f below it. A variety of this is described under DXXIX. The reverse has 
within the square and compasses a five-pointed blazing star, on which is the letter G. See Note 376. 

CXXIII. I have this in silver and bronze. See Note 376. 

CXXIV. Mr. Poillon has this in brass also. 

CXXVII. Is also found in bronze in Mr. Poillon's collection. 

CXXVIII. Doubtless a jeton de presence. See Note 377. 

CXXX. " The Lodge of St. Lazarus, instituted by L. Th. Brunetau, declared herself in 1776, the 
Mother Lodge of the Rite ' Ecossais Philosophique,' and assumed the name ' du Contrat Social.' The 
aims of this system are very similar to those of the German Rosicrucians." Findel, page 240. See also 
page 436, ibid, where it is stated that the Lodge St. Alexandre d'Ecosse adopted the title Rite Ecossais 
Philosophique in 180 1. I have this in copper. Instead of "between the points" on reverse, I should 
prefer to say " within the points." It is size 19. 

CXXXI. The square is rather a rectangular level. Behind the book on the right is a rough ashlar. 
The die cutter's name is on the line separating the exergue from the field, and has a period after le. On 
the reverse the abbreviation of Jour is J . not I . The letters below the star are very small. See preceding 
comments on this Lodge. 

CXXXIV. The " sun," as Merzdorf calls it, I find on a Medal now in my collection, is a triangle. 

The legend is Invenie^w. . 

CXXXV. The legend on the obverse of this number is spelled inuenies. though the word is 
spelled with v in No. CXXXIII. I have it in silver also. 

CXXXVI. After the legend on the reverse, add 5787. 

CXXXVIII. Also found in bronze. 



292 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

CXL. The field of the shield has horizontal lines, denoting azure. The name in exergue on the 
obverse is in script letters, and on observer's right. [Some numismatists on the continent use right 
and left as dexter and sinister are used in heraldry, that is. the sinister or left side would be observer's 
right. Merzdorf occasionally but not always does so, and I have not always been able to know which he 
intended.] On the reverse, the square and compasses are placed upon the rays, which is what Merzdorf 
means by "'above." The "blazing star" is rather a cluster of rays, surrounding the letter G. This I 
have in silver, and the edge is milled. 

CXLII. On the reverse, in the legend, the superior letters have points below them and i should be 
J.-. I find the common interchange of these letters on the continent has sometimes caused a literal error 
in the descriptions, which I have corrected as far as noticed. 

CXLIV. Some planchets measure only i8. 

CXLVII. The letter d in od is not very clear; it may be l, but I presume is more probably B, for 
Oblin. It is partly concealed by the ends of the ribbon which fasten the wreath. The .Medal is found in 
bronze. 

CXLVIII. Mr. E. T. Carson has this in bronze. I notice on my own, in silver, a comma after 
UNis, in legend of obverse. The size is 15. The altar is of a different form from that on 147, but the 
general design of the two pieces is similar. 

CLIII. I now have this in bronze, and correct the description : the left hand of the saint is extended, 
and he advances towards the sleeping child. The legend reads, de sy vy de paul. as suggested in Note 
97. In exergue, the name is l. dubour f. in very small letters on the left, near the edge, and not as 
given in the text. The reverse has seven steps between two. pillars, j on the left and b on the right shaft. 
A sprig of acacia, springing from the outside of each pillar, forms a sort of wreath. The mouth is closed 
by the forefinger of a hand. The size is 20. 

CLIV. The legend of the obverse has □ not l. The reverse has in exergue two lines, the first as in 
text, and the second 5820, but so small that it is hardly noticed without a glass. 

CLV. The description of this I took from Merzdorf as mentioned in the text. I now have an 
impression which corrects it as follows : Obverse, On an open book a glove (possibly a hand) and dagger : 
below are the square and compasses and above a radiant triangle with pseudo Hebrew letters : the legend 
reads □ des disciples de sy v[ de paul. above, and o.- de Paris below. [No date.] The 
reverse has within the serpent ring the legend jeton de presence at the top: the branches are of 
acacia. The size is 18. 

CLVII. In the description of the reverse, for •' inscribed with " read " outside of which are." This 
is of silver and brass silvered. Size 18. Impressions are in the Pythagoras and Mr. Poillon's collections. 
A variety of this is described under DCXXVII. 

CLX. From different sources I learn that the abbreviations d.-. l.-. after 3»'e m.-. are repeated twice. 
I have seen one which seemed to read d.- i.-. d.-. l.- I presume it to signify " De I'an. de la &c." 

CLXI. The reverse has the legend omnibus unus It exists in silver also. 

CLXII. I have this in silver. The die is badly corroded, and this may be the older Medal. 

CLXIII. Mr. Poillon has this, and informs me that there are three points after robur on the 
obverse, and that after the legend omnibus unus is coquardon f. 

CLXIV. For a notice of this Lodge see Note 435. 

CLXV. Pythagoras Lodge has this in lead. 



NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 293 

CLXVI. This Medal is rare. On one in my collection the pillar on the left has a plumb on its base, 
and that on the right a triangle with a circle on its centre. The letters on the pillars I cannot distinguish, 
but they may have been worn off. In the exergue the word is tuavu" and there is a period before and 
after jl in the second line. The devices on the foot of .the pillar on the reverse are not very easy to 
make out. In an electrotype copy in my collection it appears to be a plumb ; in the description of the 
piece in Tresor, it is said there are a triangle and gavels {marteaux)w pon it. Mr. Poillon has it in silver 
and copper. 

CLXVII. The letters ch are an abbreviation of Chapitrale, denoting that the body confers the 
degrees of a R.-. C.-. Chapter. The v in coqvardon should be u. At the foot of the altar is a trowel 
and square. I have this in bronze. 

CLXVIII. A French Catalogue assigns this Medal to the Lodge "Themis," which seems more 
probably correct than Merzdorfs. It is found in silver. 

CLXIX. On this Medal the wings of the eagle are a little more expanded than on CLXX. 

CLXXIII. For " two globes one upon" &c., read " two globes one above" &c. They are separate. 

CLXXV. " Dec. 3, at midnight, in Marshal Kellerman's palace, a treaty or compact was signed, 
between the Scottish Grand Lodge and the Grand Orient of France, in which the latter accepts every rite 
whatsoever, &c.'' See Findel, page 444. This Medal seems to show that the date was probably a day or 
two later. A little more than a year afterwards, Joseph Bonaparte, brother of the Emperor, became the 
nominal, and Cambaceres the actual head of the body, and in honor of that event LIV was struck. 

CLXXVI. The '• radiant blazing star '" on the obverse, is a cluster of rays surrounding the letter G. 
I have a variety of this without any star over the triangle on the reverse. This is also struck in silver. 

CLXXVIII. I now have this in silver. Beside the military emblems mentioned in the text, there 
are also a lyre, scroll, brushes, rule, square and gavel (alluding to the last part of the name of the Lodge). 
In exergue, before l'an is c.-. for Constituee. Mr. Poillon has it in brass. 

CLXXIX. There is an ornamental leaf-shaped dash after the legend, and three dots after merlen 
in the exergue. The crown on the reverse is of olive. This Medal is struck like a coin, and the edge 
milled. Mr. Poillon has one in tin, with j on the right pillar, and b on the left. I have a variety in 
silver, with the letters reversed, j on the left, and b on the right. 

CLXXXI. On the reverse, for "right" read " observer's left." and for left read " observer's right" — 
another case similar to that mentioned above in these notes under CXL : lor •' two gavels " read " a gavel 
and a chisel." Mr. Poillon has this in silver. 

CLXXXII. I have this in copper. In the note the date of foundation is given as 1762, but from 
DCI'V it appears to have been founded in 1760. A pamphlet containing an account of the dedication of 
its new Lodge room in 1805, was printed in that year at Paris. 

CLXXXIII. Exists also in bronze. On obverse for xb? read x"? The size varies slightly ; some 
are only a large 20. 

CLXXXIV. I have this in silver. 

CLXXXV. The cypher is disposed one character in each angle of the cross. The standards show 
their colors as follows, beginning on observer's left : the first gules, the second vert, the third argent, the 
fourth argent a cross humetee gules, the fifth sable. The v in svp and lvt should be u. I correct this 
from a Medal in my collection. Silver and copper. Size 15. 

CLXXXVII. Struck by the Lodge " Amis Vrais de L'Union." Honnorez was I believe Master of 
the Lodge " L'Esperance," of Brussells, and very prominent when the G. L. Adm. of the Southern 



294 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Province was formed in 1818, and I think was the brother who was the first Gr.-. Keeper of the Archives 
of that body. Mr. Poillon has this in lead. The size is 22. 

CXC, Note 123. At beginning of seventh line, for de read le. 

ecu. I have one of these very rare Medals in bronze. 

CCIII. On the reverse, the last word but one in the triangle is C/EMent. 

CCIV. The Lion of Orange is properly depicted crowned or. langued gules, the sword and arrows 
argent. Kenning's Cyclopedia gives nearly the same names of the Grand Masters as my note, varying 
the spelling of some. It also says that from 1794 to 1797 no Grand Lodge was held. Findel, p. 494-5, 
gives some account of the different Grand Masters. 

CCV. Prince Frederic is represented in the peculiar uniform of the period, with a very high embroi- 
dered collar and several crosses. The f under bust is followed by three periods, and there is a hyphen in 
Pays-bas on each side. The rule is combined with the level and compasses on reverse. The first letter of 
the legend is j (not i). The Medal in my collection is bronze. Size 28. Mr. Poillon has it in silver. 

CCVIL See Note 351 on CCCCXCV. 

CCVIIL The dies of this Medal are very carefully and minutely finished. On the centre of the 
door is a triangle surrounded by a serpent devouring its tail, and so small as to have escaped my notice in 
describing it. It was struck by the Lodge " Amis Vrais de I'Union." now united with the Loge du 
Progres, whose name is added, and works under the A. and A. rite. It exists in silver. 

CCIX. Anspach, who died in May, 1879, was chief Burgomaster of Brussels. He was universally 
beloved and respected. Remarkable demonstrations of respect were paid to his memory, and by order of 
the authorities one of the chief boulevards of the city has received his name. 

CCXII The legend of the obverse, accidentally omitted in copying, is virtutis sociis fraterno 

MORE LIGATIS PROSPERA CONTINGIT CLAUDERE LUSTRA DECEM DIE 19, OCT. 5807. [It WaS vouchsafed 

to the brethren of the Lodge of Virtue, bound in fraternal manner, to complete ten prosperous lustrums 
(fifty years,) Oct. 19, 1807.] 

CCXIII. I now have this Medal. Minerva, on the obverse, is helmed, and has a spear in her left 
hand: on the altar are also a Bible, gavel, trowel, and plumb line hanging: on the ground, at the right, 
ivs in very small letters. On the reverse, for jvngit read ivngit, and insert a comma after amor. 
The planchet has a loop on the top, and is size 25 by 21 nearly. 

CCXVII. H. F. on obverse stands for Hart fecit, as I learn from Zacharias, and suggested in Note. 
This Lodge, •' Parfaite Union," of Mons, was originally established in 1721, then suspended and again 
revived. Vide Findel, p. 493. It is thus the oldest Lodge in Belgium. 

CCXXII. I have seen this in copper also. 

CCXXIII. The Lodge which struck this Medal afterwards united with the Lodge " Imitateurs 
d'Osiris," whose name succeeds it. It is " chapitrale," and dates from March, 1829. 

CCXXV. Also struck in copper. 

CCXXVII. The date is that of mintage . See DCXVI and DCXVII. 

CCXXVIII. I have this in silver with the date, A l'assiduite, and the name of the member of the 
Lodge to whom it once belonged engraved on the edge. The letters on the pillars are transposed on this. 

CCXXIX. Crassous, in whose honor this was struck, was 1 presume the same with the Master of 
the Lodge Amis Philanthropes, of Brussells, and active in the formation of the G.-. L.' of Adm. . of the 
Southern Province of Holland, (see CCV,) of which he was the first Junior Grand Warden. Mr. Poillon 
has this in silver. 



NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 295 

CCXXXI. There are three periods after Barre F (.-.) 

CCXXXIV. The stars are on the reverse, not the obverse as described. 

CCXXXV. Batty, No. 4425, mentions this with a loop on the planchet, and gilt. Mr. Poillon has 
it in silver. 

CCXXXVI. Merzdorf speaks of a palm branch on the altar. On one in my collection the sword is 
plainly to be seen, but no palm branch. The " Mason " wears a collar with a square, and his right hand 
is extended; the star at the close of the legend is only a large dot; after l'o there are three periods .-. 
The obverse die shows signs of weakness. 

CCXXXVII. The legend of the reverse is from the line in Virgil. (Aeneid vi. 42,) slightly altered— 
Uno for Primo.— where it alludes to the branch of the golden tree described by the Sibyl when Aeneas 
was about to visit the under-world. This was also the motto of Cosmo de Medici. 

CCXXXIX. Y or ladder, in fourth line, read " flight of steps." In the legend the points are oppo- 
site the centre of the letters, not on a line with them. The name of the 11. t-r-s-t-a is dorlan, and of 
the III., DUBIN. The errors, which follow Merzdorf, I correct from a Medal now in my collection, and 
which is said to be very rare. 

CCXLI. Mr. Poillon has this in silver. There is a hyphen between sainte and claude, and on 
the reverse under the temple, very small, des noyers. Perhaps the famous French engraver and de- 
signer, Baron Auguste Gaspard Des Noyers. 

CCXLIV. I have this in silver, and have seen it in copper also. Size 20. The letters are on the 
stem of the bush. The star on the reverse has ten points of formal rays. 

CCXLVII. By a list of cyphers printed in Dr. Oliver's "Discrepancies of Free Masonry," page 124, 
I find that the characters on this Medal are in the " Improved Continental " cypher, and signify Verite. 

CCXLVIII. There is no final E in guerre on the reverse. 

CCL. I now have this Medal in silver. On the ground, at the feet of the figures, d.v [?Du Vivier] ; 
the word is union in the legend, not vnion. 

CCLI. I now have this Medal, by which I perfect the description. The Masonic implements on 
obverse are the gavel, square, rule, sword, and trowel. Three periods after each word in the legend, and 
the letters v should be u. Merzdorf gives v erroneously. On reverse is a temple on the left, in the back- 
ground a hill, and in the foreground are two skulls. In exergue there is an l at the beginning, and no 
final E in Valenciennes. These errors exist in Merzdorf's description also, which I followed, as men- 
tioned in Note 158. Size 18. 

CCLII. Mr. Poillon has this in bronze, gilt, and the edge milled. 

CCLIII. On the obverse the capital of the right pillar is surmounted by the sun, and the left by the 
moon and stars ; the platform is approached by five steps ; the acacia springs from each side of the pillars, 
but is not included in the group of emblems, and the cable-tow is above, not around the pillars. 

CCLVI. Mr. Poillon has an impression of this in silver. 

CCLVIII. This Medal was designed by the celebrated Irish sculptor Smith, and the dies were 
engraved by the elder Mossop, said to be one of the best medallists of his time in Ireland, who died in 
1804, as I learn from Hughan, and the original in wax is still preserved by Dr. William Frazer, of Dublin. 
It was termed a " Prince Mason's Medal," and is said to have been intended for the Masonic School. 

CCLIX. Bro. Hughan has also made some investigations in regard to this piece, and finds it exists 
in a few impressions, in silver. The hall which it commemorates is located at Bath, England, and the 
building is now used as a Friends' Meeting house. The Medal is quite rare. It was struck, perhaps, by 



296 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

Royal Sussex Lodge of Bath, and worn in the procession when the Duke of Sussex dedicated the building 
in the presence of the Duke of Leinster, Gr. Master of Ireland, and five hundred brethren. 

CCLX. The Duke of Sussex, whose bust appears on this Medal, as well as on that which precedes 
and follows it, was the sixth son of George the Third. He was initiated in a Berlin Lodge in 1798. In 
1805 he was honored with the rank of P. G. M. In 181 2 the Prince of Wales, then Prince Regent and 
Grand Master, made him his Deputy, and in 1813 he became Grand Master, and held that position till 
his death. The date of his marriage, as given on the Medal, alludes to his marriage with Lady Murray, 
daughter of the Earl of Dunmore, but which the Prerogative Court declared null and void, and the parties 
were separated after the birth of a son, Sir Augustus Frederick D'Este. 

CCLXII. An impression of this in my collection corrects one or two points on the reverse. The 
tapers have no emblems on them. The angel flying, shown in the engraving, is omitted in the description 
in the text, by an oyersight. The word et before tknebrae, should be sed. It is correctly engraved. 
A comparison with the cut will show one or two other trifling discrepancies. See Plate XI, figure 40. 
In the star on the altar on the left tablet is a triple tau, and on the cofiin on the right tablet a monogram 
of HA. The date in exergue is not divided by points. In Note 167 on this piece, I said I had not been 
able to verify the statement of Merzdorf as to the occasion when it was struck. I am quite sure Merz- 
dorf's remark is incorrect. L. N. 38 in the exergue of the reverse. I suppose to have been for Lodge 38, 
which was located at Birmingham at that time, and bore the name of St. Paul's. It is very possible that 
the dies were cut there. The Medal is rare in good condition. The reverse die on some impressions 
shows a slight crack in the right tablet. 

CCLXIII. I cannot find any Masonic Lodge bearing this name on the Irish registry, and think it 
very doubtful whether this has any claim to be included in my list. Possibly it was an "Orange Lodge." 

CCLXIV. An impression of this in silver is said to have been purchased at the Mickley Sale by the 
late Charles I. Bushnell, for a large amount. It is one of the rarest of Washington pieces, and an 
impression in the Holland Sale, in brass, sold for $25. It is now in Mr. Poillon's collection. 

CCLXV. I have heard of one in gold, which sold for $20 in 1878. 

CCLXVII. Mr. Poillon has an impression in copper. Laubenheimer is a New York die cutter. 

CCLXVIII. Six in silver, twenty in brass, and twenty in copper were all that were struck. 

CCLXXV. A few restrikes in copper, brass and tin have been taken. 

CCLXXVI. A variety of this with 1876 exists in Mr. Poillon's and my own collection. 

CCLXXXI. A few have been struck in copper, brass and tin. 

CCLXXXII. I learn that one was struck in gold and one hundred and twenty-five only in silver. 
The dies are in the possession of the Lodge, but impressions are extremely difficult to be obtained by 
non-members. The Lodge is located in New York city. 

CCLXXXIV and CCLXXXV. These two pieces have been struck to a limited number in all the 
metals. 

CCLXXXVI. Also in copper and brass. 

CCLXXXVII. I question the statement concerning the dies, as I have recently seen very fine if not 
proof impressions in copper and brass. 

CCLXXXVIII. From the second die of this Medal, still in existence, impressions in silver have 
been struck. 

CCXC. The dies have been recut by Mr. G. H. Lovett, of New York, and a few impressions struck 
in silver, brass, and copper. These may be distinguished by the letters G. h. l. on the obverse. 



NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 297 

CCXCI. These dies are still in existence, and restrikes have been made in all the metals, generally 
with a plain edge. 

CCXCIX. The letters th follow 30, over the dash ; for width read length. Struck in tin also. 

CCC. Mr. Poillon has this piece in copper. 

CCCII. The position of the supporters is transposed in the description; /. e. the eagle is on the 
dexter and the lion on the sinister side. Mr. Wood informs me that the obverse is a copy of the seal of 
the Lodge, except that on the latter the lion has asheaf of seven arrows, (as the lion of Orange. See 
CCIV.) The color of the field is intended to be argent. Nov. 29, 1861, Mr. Joseph N. Balestier deliv- 
ered an address before Holland Lodge, which was afterwards printed in a pamphlet of 102 pages. It 
contained an historical sketch of the Lodge, and of Masonry in New York. An enlarged edition with a 
supplementary address delivered in 1878 has been issued. 

CCCIIL The Masonic Hall, Broadway, New York, was dedicated October 30, 1827, and a pamphlet 
was printed containing an Order of Ceremonies. 

CCCVU. Twenty-five only were struck in brass, as I am informed by Mr. Wood. 

CCCVin. From an impression of this Medal now in my collection, I find that behind the daggers 
is a cable-tow, not a skull. 

CCCX. Columbian Commandery has its asylum in New York city. 

CCCXL I suppose this Commandery to be that at Pawtucket, R. L, and have so indexed it, but am 
not sure of this. 

CCCXn. This is a Pennsylvania Commandery. 

CCCXIIL This and the following number are Medals of Commanderies located in the city of New 

York. 

CCCXXVL The size, 6, is omitted in a few copies of this volume. 

CCCXXVIII. Mr. Farrier's residence, mentioned in a foot-note, should be Jersey City, N. J. 

CCCXXIX. This Medal was also struck in silver, and is engraved in Hughan's " Masonic Register," 
Plate V. In his engraving the column bears an inscription near the capital, in | honour | of the | sub- 
scribers See also p. 32 of that book, which gives the names of twenty-six Lodges which subscribed, 
and states that eighty-two brethren also acquired the Medal, which was given to all who subscribed 
twenty-five pounds, for the hall debt. In Preston's Illustrations of Masonry, pp. 236 and 255, are allusions 
to this Medal, and an account of the occasion for which it was struck. This Medal is still worn by repre- 
sentatives of subscribing Lodges— usually by the Master, suspended within the square. 

CCCXXXII. The square and compasses on obverse are on observer's left, and the working tools on 
the right, and the volcano on the reverse is in the right back-ground, — a case like that mentioned under 
CXL." The stars next the legend have only five points. Jose Maria da Silva Paranhos, born at Bahia, 
March 16 1819. died October, 1880, was Minister of Marine in Brazil, 1853, of Foreign Affairs. 1855, of 
Finance 1861. Senator for life of Matto Grosso, 1864. Visconde in 1870, when he resumed portfolio of 
Foreign' Affairs " He was most eminent of the band of statesmen who brought forward the slavery 
question, demanding fixing of a term of years for its gradual abolition." March 7. 1871, he was Prime 
Minister, remaining so till June 25, 1875. As statesman, administrator, and parliamentary orator, he was 
second to none in the Brazilian Empire. 

CCCXXXIV. Mr. Poillon has this in bronze. 

CCCXXXV. The temple on the reverse is supported by two pillars, that on the left havmg J, and 

the other B on its shaft. 



298 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

CCCXXXIX. The wreath is laurel and palm, not oak and palm. The triangle does not bear the 
tetragrammaton, but three Hebrew letters, perhaps intended for Aleph, Mem, Tau, or Emeth. I have this 
in bronze. 

CCCXLI. There is z. jeton de presence of this Lodge, octagonal, size 26 millimetres, of copper, 
which I have not seen. 

CCCXLIII. An impression of this Medal now in my collection corrects this description; there is a 
period after n in in.ri ; the swords are crossed behind, their points appearing above the short bar of the 
cross ; for guitar (reverse) read lyre, and for square read protractor. I suppose this to be rare. 

CCCXLIV. I now have this MedaL The triangle is equilateral ; the points of the compasses are 
separated from the ends of the square by the word amis. The horn of plenty is on the right of the altar. 
The size should be 24. 

CCCXLV. I now have this in copper, and the size is 19. 

CCCXLVI. In Note 205, on this Medal, the reference should be CXXII not CXII. 

CCCLI. This Lodge is independent of any Grand Lodge, and is quite a distinguished one. See 
Findel, p. 522. 

CCCLI V. The pyramid, as Merzdorf calls it, is rather a monument, something like an obelisk on a 
square pedestal, against which lean the compasses, slightly extended, the points resting on an ashlar at 
its foot : the level, square, rule, trowel, and sprig of acacia are grouped beside it ; near the handle of the 
trowel, in small letters, p. p. w. In the distance are mountains. The v in wvnsciie has no iimlauf over 
it. In the spelling of the inscription on the reverse I followed Merzdorf, usually very correct, but in this 
case with the following errors. It should read vermaehlvngs for verm^hlvngs; grosmeister for 
GROSSMEISTER ; FRIEDERICHS for FRlEDRiciis, and MARGG. for marggr. The size is 21. This is ex- 
tremely rare. 

The Medal described in the paragraph following the above number was issued by the Lodge zum 
Goldnen Maur. 

CCCLIX. Von Guionneau had been Grand Master twenty-four years, at the time of his death in 
1829. He left an honored name ; and a fund for the assistance of Mason's sons while studying, which he 
established, will long perpetuate it. See Findel, p. 590. 

CCCLXIV. Mr. Poillon has this Medal, silver-plated. 

CCCLXVI. Count Henckel von Donnersmarck was Grand Master of the Grand Land Lodge of 
Germany from 1838, and through him Prince Frederic sought admission into Freemasonry in 1840; and 
the honor of arranging the ceremonial of the Prince's initiation was confided to him. He was a Prussian 
General, and Ordens Meister of Germany. He died in 1849 at the age of 74. See Kenning's Cyclopedia. 
In Latomia, vol. ii. p. 273, is an engraving of this Medal. For "below is a cubic stone," in description 
of the reverse, read, " on the pavement is a cubic stone." Merzdorf says "unter" — why, I cannot 
understand, as he had the piece ; the legend is given in fall, on a subsequent page of the article, and from 
this I find that d. s. d. w. is for die Sonne der Weisheit, suggested in the note as the more probable 
meaning of the abbreviations. 

CCCLXVIII. I have this rare Medal in gold. On the scroll on the obverse the " elaborate C" 
appears on closer examination to be a cypher of two letters C interlaced. The date in the first line of 
the Note 226, should be 1744, not 1774. 

CCCLXXI. Latomia, vol. iv. p. 131, has an engraving of this Medal, and says the dies were cut by 
Fritz. 



NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 299 

CCCLXXIV. Mr. Poillon has this in silver. 

CCCLXXV. The '■ three united Lodges," were Friedrich z. Goldnen Zepter — zu den Drei Todten- 
gerippen, and zur Glocke. The last I do not find on late rolls ; possibly it is the same as that now called 
Horus. 

CCCLXXVI. The name of the Lodge is now Eugenia zum Gekronten Lowen. 

CCCLXXXVI. The Lodge at Dusseldorf is called "zu den Drei Verbundeten," to which the three 
clasped hands allude. 

CCCLXXXVIL The Lodges now working at Gorlitz are zum Gekrontem Schlange, (the Crowned 
Serpent,) and Wilhelm zur Landeskrone. 

CCCLXXXIX. Thf size is i8 nearly. 

CCCXCL On the obverse, there are no periods after ernst or ll and the v under the bust should 
be F. (for fecit.) The inscription on the reverse I find from an impression now in my collection is in 
seven lines. — the word rauten forming the third, kranz. 1774 the fourth, and compass 1784 the fifth 
lines ; the others are divided. There is no point after 16 under the triangle, and the size is 22. The first 
name which this Lodge bore, when founded under EckhofF, was Cosmopolit : when it assumed the name 
of Rauten Kranz it took for its device the old Saxon arms. In the Cyclopedia of Masonry, Woodford 
says, (page 205) its foundation festival was celebrated January 20, 1857; this, I think, is an error: that 
date is the one on which the reception {Aufnahme) of Ernest IL took place. Its fiftieth anniversary 
took place the previous year, as appears from the Medal. See also Latomia, vol. xiv. p. 36. On page 264 
of the Cyclopedia, it is said the Lodge took the name Kompass in 1786; probably this is an error for 
1784, as the Medal seems to show: "after several vicissitudes, in 1.806 it assumed the name it now 
bears." The accounts of its early existence are not quite clear, but it seems probable that the present 
Lodge is a union of two old Lodges. In 1858, August 9, Prince Ernest, who was brother of Prince 
Albert of England, became its Master. 

CCCXCII. I now have this Medal. The device N is called a Wolfsangel, that is, a caltrop, in 
Siebmacher's Wappenbuch. On the reverse the rule is united with the square and compasses. The date 
is lanuar not Januar, and the size is 23. 

CCCXCV. In the legend on reverse for j read i. Mr. Poillon has this in copper. 

CCCXCVII. This was struck in honor of the birth of the Crown Prince, who was, I have reason to 
think, an uncle of Prince Albert who died in childhood, but I have not certainly ascertained this latter 
point. 

CCCXCIX. I have this rare Medal in silver. The Lodge is now called, I am informed, Pforte zum 
Tempel des Lichts— Gate of the Temple of Light. 

CCCC. Minerva is seated on a platform, and beside her shield is a small owl. The size is 21. I 
have with some difficulty obtained one of these Medals, and believe it to be rare. 

CCCCI. On the arm of the bust is LOOS the die cutter's name. 

CCCCIII. This was struck by a Lodge originally called Felicite, formed under French auspices, but 
without regular authority, receiving its charter from a Lodge at Berlin called " de I'Amitie aux Trois 
Colombes," instituted the previous year. See Findel, p. 257, for a full account. 

CCCCV. I now have this Medal. The name is spelled Harpocrates, and the size is 28. 

CCCCVI. On the right shoulder, in very small letters, schilling f. The size is 24. Mr. Poillon 
has one silver-plated. Von Nettelbladt was for a long time Master of the St. Andrew's Lodge Lucens in 
Rostock, and is believed to have systematized and improved the work of the first three degrees as practiced 



300 NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

in the Lodges working under Zinnendorf' s modified Swedish rite. He was one of the best informed 
Masons of his time. See Findel, p. 590. 

Under CCCCXIII Ehmbsen's name is spelled incorrectly, though rightly given in the legend. 

CCCCXIV. This Medal was for a Lodge in Sachsenfeld, if ever struck. Mag. Eq. Scyth. is perhaps 
for Von Scythen Magister or Master. 

CCCCXVIII. Mr. Poillon has this in bronze. 

CCCCXLVIII. The seven-branched candlestick is a prominent emblem in Swedish Masonry. 

CCCCXLIX. I am satisfied that this must be the Medal mentioned by Merzdorf, and which is alluded 
to on page 198 in the tenth line. 

CCCCL. Bro. Hughan has succeeded in tracing this Medal, and sends- i«e the following informa- 
tion concerning it. A Lodge called the Royal Alfred Lodge was warranted'at Oxford in 1769 as No. 455. 
From 1770 it was 391 ; from 1780, 303, and 304 from 1781 until its collapse about 1792. The seal is 
exactly as the obverse of the Medal, an impression of which is in Mr. Hughan's possession. The minute 
book of the Lodge is still preserved by the present University Lodge (Apollo) and under dale of Oct. 22, 
1772, is the following entry, " Bro. Treasurer laid before the Lodge a copy of the Dye of a Medal, which 
was approved of, and ordered that Forty be struck for the use of the Lodge." After this, entries 
frequently appear of brethren paying for their Medals. Nov. 6, 1772. -'Agreed that every Master Mason 
shall pay io)6 for Medal, none under that degree being admitted to that distinction." This Medal there- 
fore seems to belong to a Lodge which was the predecessor of that named in the note, and is one of the 
oldest of the English Medals. 

CCCCLIV. I now have this Medal. The Prince is represented facing, wearing the Collar of a 
Grand Master, and various jewels and Orders. Under the arm, in small letters, kenning. The inscrip- 
tion as given in the text was divided as it was arranged in Hughan's Memorial, but the second line is of 
and H. R. H. is in the line with the name ; as forms the fifth, and 1S75 the tenth line. 

CCCCLXVI. In Dr. Lewis's collection was a fine impression of this very rare MedaL I add the 
following to the description. The monument on the obverse, showing a side and corner, is on the right ; 
a portfolio closed, compasses, level and rule lean against its side ; a square lies on the mosaic pavement 
near it, between which and the monument kirk in small letters. In the background on the left is a small 
pyramid. The date is 1766, — that of the formation of the Lodge. On the reverse, the sun, which is 
represented as a sphere (no face) fills the field with formal rays, except at the bottom, where the ashlar is. 
The legend is on a scroll, the ends rolled up, and the space between at the bottom filled with serrated 
points. The size is 25. This is undoubtedly a very rare Medal. 

On page 193, a Jubilee Medal of Harmonic Lodge is mentioned. This is described with a few others 
recently seen, after the Indexes. 

CCCCLXVIII. I have a drawing of this badge. The star rests upon a ribbon-scroll, of maroon 
enamel, with globe on the left, lodge on the right, established on a fold below, and 1723 on another, 
at the bottom. The parallels and meridians on the globe are in black enamel. 

CCCCLXXXII. The statements as to the Pyramid of Cestius, in the note, were made on what I 
considered excellent authority. Mr. Forbes, the Roman archaeologist, has written me the following: 
" The pyramid is outside the wall of the Latins built by Ancus Martius, on the Aventine hill, but it is 
embraced within the line of the Aurelian wall, which is shown on the Medal to the right and left of the 
pyramid. It is iij feet high, and built of white marble. The two Ionic columns still stand on either 
side of the entrance as shown on the Medal." The authority for the statement that the Medal was struck 



NOTES AND CORRECTIONS: 301 

by Hamerani, is Schletter & Zille's " Handbuch der Freimaurerei," a work said by Rev. Bro. A. F. A. 
Woodford of England, to be "of wonderful value and accuracy." 

On page 198, the Medal of Union Lodge, alluded to as mentioned by Merzdorf without description 
is, I am satisfied, CCCCXLIX. ^ 

CCCCLXXXIV. The dates on the lower bar are 1853 and 5853 (see Note 336). I have seen this, 
and while it is struck from dies, it is made of three pieces attached to each other. It is of some metal 
probably silver, gilt. There are many other Centenary and other badges, made in a similar way, of which 
the Catalogues of Kenning, and Lamb, London, give engravings. Many of these are struck, — probably 
the larger number— but it has seemed best not to include them in this list; though where to draw the 
line has been a difficult matter to decide. Those interested will find among these badges many that 
perhaps have an equal right to be placed in this Catalogue, with others which I have included. Among 
the engravings in Kenning's are the jewel of Temple Bar Lodge of London, of oval form, which has the 
name of the Lodge surrounding a view of Temple Bar : that of the Duke of Connaught Lodge, bearing 
the arms of his Royal Highness: of Aldersgate Lodge, bearing a view of that portal: of St. Cecilia 
Lodge, having a harp : of Afan Lodge, Aberavon, bearing an elaborate coat of arms : and many others. 
In Lamb's Catalogue are engravings of Lodge, Chapter, and other Masonic jewels and Medals, of similar 
character, to the number of upwards of twenty, most of them from dies, but as mentioned above, badges 
rather than Medals. 

DVI. An account of "an extraordinary session of the Lodge D'Elisa, relative to its installation," 
and the fete of the Princess for whom it was named, was printed in a quarto pamphlet of 38 pages, at 
Florence in 1809. I have not obtained a copy of this, but it probably would settle the explanation of the 
names upon the Medal. 

DIX. It was with great difficulty that I ascertained anything whatever about Baron von Gartenberg- 
Sadogurski, — his name not even being mentioned in any of the Biographical Dictionaries in the Public 
Library of Boston, or those in the Athenaeum, so that any further information regarding him seems 
worthy of preservation. I have recently discovered that his full name was Peter Nicholas ; he was 
Director of the Warsaw Mint under Stanislaus Augustus, King of Poland through Russian influences 
from 1764: this lends strength to the suggestion in Note 364 as to the meaning of the abbreviations on 
the Medal. I am inclined to think that the piece first mentioned in the paragraph following DIX may 
have been struck in Poland, at the Warsaw Mint, and is that mentioned by Raczyinski (561) ; it is of 
bronze and perhaps other metals, and very rare. Mr. Poillon has ordered this piece from a foreign sale, 
but I am not aware at this moment whether he succeeded in obtaining it or not. 

DXI. Usually I think of copper, gilt. 

DXIII. This Lodge is one of the " Ekiektischer Bund," which in 1876 numbered twelve Lodges and 
1.396 members. 

DXXVII. This Medal has the inscription amitie bienfaisance. It is of copper, octagonal, and 
size 13 nearly. 

DXXIX. I have this in silver, but without the name Coquardon. 

DXLI. This is of copper, gilt. 

DLL The rite of Misraim, mentioned in the paragraph following this number, was the cause of 
considerable trouble not merely to the Masonic fraternity in Lyons, but elsewhere. It was introduced at 
Lyons by Etienne Jacques Marconis de Negre, about the 17th July, 1835 ; he was born at Montauban, 
France, January 7, 1800: he succeeded his father Gabriel Mathieu Marconis, as " Grand Hierophant" of 



302 'NOTES AND CORRECTIONS. 

the rite of Memphis, which that individual had introduced at iVlontauban in 1815. The son succeeded 
in uniting the latter rite with the G. O. of France in 1862. These various rites have no real connection 
with IVIasonry. For a condensed history and their relation to other rites, &c., see Kenning's Cyclopedia, 
p. 469, et seq., and 480, which also gives a list of their degrees. 

DXCVII. This is probably the later die, as I am informed that the " ancient type " (see LV) of 
this Medal measured 32 millimetres, and the new one 30 millimetres. The size should be " 19 nearly." 

DCV. Mr. Poillon has this, and informs me that the dies while similar are not the same. The 
letters on this are smaller, and there are other slight differences. ' 

DCXIX. This Lodge was constituted in 1784, but I have learned nothing further about it. 

DCXXXVII. The name should be De Milly, as printed in the note on this Medal. 

DCXXXVIII. This Lodge dedicated its new Lodge room in 1805, an account of which was printed 
in a quarto pamphlet of 20 pages. 

DCXCIIL An account of the Proceedings at this Convention was printed in an octavo pamphlet of 
62 pages. 



Descriptions of a few more Medals which have come to my notice while these Notes have been pass- 
ing through the press will be found after the Indexes. 




INDEXES. 



I. MERZDORFS NUMBERS. 

In the foUc^wing Index, the first column shows Merzdorf' s number : he begins with No. i under each country, 
and his arrangement of countries is followed in this list. The second column shows my corresponding number, and 
the third the page of this volume. When reference is made thus — "See" such a number, — a paragraph will 
usually be found immediately under that number, with a reference to the Medal mentioned in Merzdorf, which, in 
such cases, I have not been able to obtain a description of, or for some other reason mentioned, do not describe. 



GERWAISY. 



Merz 


Marvin, 


Page. 


I 


350 


134 


2 


35' 


134 


3 


352 


«35 


4 


3SS 


13" 


5 


353 


«.3S 


6 


iee 354 


i.3<> 


7 


35<' 


137 


8 


357 


137 


9 


35» 


'3M 


ID 


359 


1.39 


II 


360 


<.39 


12 


36' 


140 


«.3 


362 


140 


14 


363 


141 


I-i 


364 


142 


16 


365 


142 


17 


366 


143 


18 


368 


144 


«9 


5 


16 


20 


12 


19 


21 


see 12 


19 


22 


374 


146 


23 


see 12 


19 


24 


372 


'45 


25 


3f9 


144 


2b 


373 


14& 



Merz. Marvin. Page. 

27 7 '7 

28 370 145 

29 371 145 

30 375 146 

3' 376 147 

32 20 24 

33 377 '47 

34 378 '47 

35 381 148 

36 382 149 

37 383 149 

38 42 . 34 

39 44 35 

40 354 130 

41 34 30 

42 384 150 

43 46 36 

44 385 '5° 

45 389 '52 

46 390 152 

47 392 153 

48 13 20 

'49 393 '53 

50 394 154 

5' '°7 55 

52 9 18 

53 " '9 



Merz. Marvin. Page. 

54 108 • 55 

55 see 394 154 

56 109 56 

57 no 56 

58 III 56 

59 "2 5/ 

60 113 57 

61. 43 34 

62 395 154 

63 16 21 

64 10 18 

65 397 '55 

66 398 156 

67 399 156 

68 400 157 

69 45 35 

70 402 157 

71 401 157 

72 404 158 

73 405 'S8 

74 406 159 

75 8 17 

76 409 i5o 

77 4(0 161 

78 411 161 

79 412 162 

80 413 162 



Merz, Marvin, Page, 

81 23 25 

82 414 163 

83 415 163 

84 47 36 

85 416 163 

86 417 164 

87 418 164 

88 419 165 

89 420 165 

90 421 165 

91 422 166 

92 423 167 

93 424 167 

94 425 167 

95 426 I 68 

96 427 168 

ElfGLAND. 

1 449 182 
See note in appen- 
dix on 449. 

2 450 182 

3 466 189 

4 329 '27 

5 — 182 

6 62 42 

7 see 62 42 



304 



INDEX: MERZDORFS NUMBERS. 



Merz. Marvin. Page. 
8 62 « 43 
262 



9 
10 

II 

12 

t3 

14 



260 

46s 



107 

183 

io5 
i8q 



FBAVCE. 



I 
2 

3 
4 

7 
8 

9 
10 
II 
12 
13 
14 
IS 
16 

17 
18 

19 
20 
21 
22 

23 

24 

26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 

36 
37 
38 
39 
40 

41 
42 

43 
44 

46 

48 
49 



87 

88 

89 
527 

90 
117 
118 
119 
120 
121 
528 
122 
123 
126 

29 
53' 
347 
127 
128 
130. 
134 
133 

'§9 
80 

185 
228 
164 

340 
595 
589 
590 

607 
593 
594 
59 
636 

73 
70' 
142 

143 
28 
146 
608 
144 
165 

74 

60 

160 



50 

50 

50 

214 

'5° 
59 

60 

60 

60 

214 

60 

61 

62 

28 

215 

133 

62 

62 

63 
64 
64 
70 

48 
78 
95 
72 

131 

234 
232 

233 
40 

237 

233 

234 

40 

243 
45 
44 
66 
66 
28 
66 

238 
§6 
72 
45 
41 
71 



Merz, 
50 
51 
52 

S3 
54 

58 

60 
61 

62 

63 
64 

65 

66 
67 
68 

69. 
70 

71 
72 
73 

74* 

76 
77 
78 
79 
80 
81 
82 
83 
84 
85 
•86 

87 
88 
89 
90 

91 
92 

93 
94 

9^ 
96* 

98 

99 

100 

lOI 

102 
103 
104 
105 



Marvin. 

166 
161 
162 
163 
167 
168 
78 
173 
174 

175 

75 

129 

136 

131 
169 
170 
176 

177 
52 
140 

178 

76 

179 

246 

54 
141 
242 
149 
139 

79 
■147 

53 
180 
181 

239 
240 
186 

HS 
158 
252 
245 
138 
182 

183 
184 
246 
337 
253 
244 

231 
232 

137 
609 
610 
"56 



Page. 
72 
7' 
71 
71 

73 
73 
47 
75 
75 
75 
46 
62 
64 
63 
73 
74 
76 
76 
38 

65 
69 
76 
46 
76 
loi 
38 

65 
100 
67 
65 
48 
67 
38 
77 
77 
99 
99 
78 
66 
70 
103 

lOX 

65 
77 
77 
77 

lOI 

130 

103 

100 

96 

97 

64 

238 

238 

70 



* Merzdorf *s 74 and 96 are 
the samo. 



Merz, 


Marvin. 


Page. 


106. 


77 


47 


107 


343 


132 


108 


599 


235 


109 


148 


67 


no 


153 


69 


III 


JS5 


69 


112 


157 


70 


H3 


339 


130 


114 


603 


236 


"1 


340 


'31 


116 


341 


131 


117 


612 


238 


118 


132 


63 


119 


6-3 


239 


120 


233 


97 


121 


614 


239 


122 


615 


239 


123 


51 


37 


124 


631 


242 


125 


632 


242 


126 


633 


242 


127 


606 


237 


128 


634 


242 


129 


63s 


243 


130a 


172 


74 


130* 


227 


95 


131 see 349 


133 


132 


349 


133 


133 


91 


50 


134 


92 


51 


13s 


97 


52 


136 


98 


53 


137 


93 


51 


138 


99 


53 


139 


656 


247 


140 


657 


248 


141 


658 


248 


142 


236 


98 


143 


249 


102 


144 


251 


103 


145 


250 


102 


146 


237 


98 


147 


345 


132 


148 


344 


132 


149 


669 


250 


150 


670 


250 


151* 


503 


204 


152 




241 


153 


621 


240 


154 see 67 1 


251 


155 


672 


252 


156 


673 


252 


157 


674 


252 


158 


^A 


253 


159 


676 


253 


160 


255 


104 



Merz. Marvin. Page. 
161 256 105 

HOLLAND & BELGIUM. 



* Merzdorf's 151 France is 
the same as 6 Italy. 



I 


499 


202 


2 


18 


23 


3 


206 


86 


4 


205 


86 


5 


187 


78 


6 


208 


87 


7 


188 


79 


8 


207 


87 


9 


189 


P 


10 


191 


80 


II 


198 


82 


12 


199 


83 


'3 


497 


202 


'1 


214 


90 


15* 


214 


90 


16 


215 


90 


17 


see 216 


91 


18 


216 


§' 


19 


202 


84 


20 


27 


27 


21 


24 


SS 


22 


212 


89 


23 


213 


90 


24 


217 


92 


25 


218 


92 


26 


494 


201 


The mules mentioned by 


Merzdor 


f following his 26 


are described on 


pages 82 


and 83 of this volume. 


DENMASK. 


1 


445 


180 




SWMVEIl. 


1 


429 


170 


2 


430 


170 


3 


- 431 


171 


4 


432 


172 ■ 


5 


433 


172 


6 


434 


172 


7 


435 


173 


8 


436 


173 


9 


437 


174 


10 


438 


175 


II 


439 

RUSSIA 


176 


I 


5'S 


209 


2 


516 


210 


3 


517 


210 


4 


518 


210 



* Merzdorf's 14 and 15 Hol- 
land are the same. 



INDEX: MERZDORFS NUMBERS.— LODGES, ETC. 



305 



M0Z.1>ATIA. 




Merz. 


Marvin, 


Page. 


Merz. 


Marvin. Page. 




3 


SOI 


203 


I 


19 23 
509 207 




4 


SO 


37 


» 




\ 


502 


204 








503 


204 








7 


504 


204 




ITAX.Y. 




8 


482 


194 


I 


I 14 




9 


505 


204 


2 


50& 205 






SPAI\. 




* The 


Medal mentioned 


by 








Merzdorf under i but not num- 


I 


333 


129 


bered. 






2 


334 


129 



AMERICA. 


HedaU apparently having 


Merz. Marvin. Page. 
I 264 109 


some connection 


witli the 


Xaaonic fraternity. 


2 see p. 126. 


Merz. Marvin. 


Page. 


3 see p. 126. 


I 520 


211 


4 see p. 126. 


2 521 


212 


5 see p. 127. 


3 see 522 


212 




4 see 522 


213 


ASIA. 


5 see 522 


213 


I 481 194 


6 447 


181 


2 479 193 


7 522 


212 


3 480 193 


8 448 


182 


4 see 480 193 


9 444 


179 



II. LODGES, Etc. 

In the following Index, reference is made to Lodges and other bodies or individuals by whom Medals were struck. 
The Lodge may not in all cases be named in the text, but no piece has been so assigned except on what I believe to 
he good authority. In some cases Medals are referred to Grand Bodies : this must be understood as meaning that the 
Medal relates to a Grand Lodge, or other governing power, and not necessarily that it was struck by it. Some pieces 
are also catalogued under names, as for instance the Washingtons, which were not strucit by Lodges, as this seemed to 
be the only way to index them here. The first number is that of the Medal, and the second of the page. 



AFRICA. 

Alexandria, Egypt. 
Les Pyramides, 

Algiers. 
Belisaire, 

AiaEItlCA. 

Baltimore, Md. 
Maryland Commandery, 
Black yack Grove. Texas, 

Hopkins Lodge, 

Boston, Mass. 
Boston Commandery, 
Boston-Coram'y, (Coins,) 
Columbian Lodge, 
Franklin and Grand Lodge, 
Franklin and Temple, 
Grand Lodge, 
St. Andrew's Lodge, 
St. John's Lodge, 
Washington and Temple, 
Washington (Funeral), 
Winslow I^ewis Lodge, 

Callao, Peru. 
Concordia Universal, 

Camden, N. y. 
Cyrene Commandery, 



No. 


Page 


49 


37 


643 


244 


25 


25 


301 


119 


39 


33 




268 


294 


117 


279 


"3 


278 


"3 


21 


24 


293 


116 


292 


116 


269 


III 


265 


109 


29s 


117 


492 


200 


300 


118 



Brooklyn, N. V. 
Clinton Cpmmandery, 

Chicagb, lit. 
Kt. Templar Medal, 

Cuba ? 

Herculano, 

Danlmry, Ci. 
Union L.odge, 

Detroit, Mich. 
Detroit Commandery, 
Detroit Commandery, 

Blizabeth, N. J. 
St. John's Cpmmandery, 

Elmira.N. Y. 
St. Omer's Commandery, 

Galesbitrg, III. 

Eastern Star, 

Harrisburgk, Penn. 
Perseverance Lodge, 
Pilgrim Commandery, 

Jersey City, N. J. 
Hugh de Payens Comm'y, 

Kalamazoo, Mich. 
Peninsular Commandery, 



No. 


Page 


700 


263 


701 


264 


330 


128 


2 


14 


308 
697 


120 
262 


289 


"5 


324 


125 


321 


124 


708 
104 


266 
54 


los 


54 


323 


125 



Lake city, Fla. 
Lake city Lodge, 

Lancaster, Pa. 
Lancaster Commandery, 

Lavradio, Brazil. 
Grand Orient of Brazil, 

Lebanon, Pa. 
Hermit Commandery, 

Leroy, N. Y. 
Olive Branch Lodge, 

Lima, Peru. 
Supreme Council, 
The Duke of Leinster's 
Lodge, 

Meadville, Penn. 
North Western Comm'y, 

Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Mount Vernon Chapter, 

Newark, N. J. 
Damascus Commandery, 

Neviberne, N. C. 
McClellan Lodge, 

New York city. 
Coeur de Lion Comm'y, 
Columbian Commandery, 
Grand Lodge (Lovett's), 



No. 


Page 


290 


116 


312 


121 


332 


128 


318 


123 


288 


"5 


693 


261 


681 


256 


315 


122 


704 


26s 


— 


263 


283 


"3 


ICO 

310 
37 


53 
121 

31 



3o6 



INDEX: LODGES, ETC. 



No. Page 

New York city. — {Coni^d.'\ 

Grand Lodge (Obelisk), 712 267 

Grand Lodge (Official), 38 32 

Grand Lodge (7th Regt.), 711 266 

Holland Lodge, 302 119 

Holland Lodge (Mule), 709 266 

Holland Lodge (Mule), 710 266 

Kane (Lovett's), 291 116 

Lafayette (N. Y. M. C), 280 113 

L'Union Francaise Loge, — 126 

Manhattan Commandery, 313 122 

Morton Commandery, 314 '22 

Palestine Comm'y (Large), 316 122 

Palestine Comm'y (Small), 317 123 

Sage's Medalets, No. 1, 36 31 

Sage (Temples, Mule), 303 1 19 

Sage (old Temple, Mule), 304 1 19 

Socrates Lodge, 282 113 

Trinity Lodge, 319 123 

Washington (Centennial), 268 III 

Washington (Init'd, Md.), 270 in 

Washington (Init'd, Va.), 271 in 

Washington (Lovett's), 266 109 

Washington (Mule), 705 265 

Washington (Mule), 706 265 

Washington (Red cross), 267 no 

York Comm'y (Dedication), 289 115 

York Comm'y (Member's), 106 55 

Paraguay, S. A. 

Grand Orient, 491 199 

Pawtucket, R. I. 

Holy Sepulchre Comm'y, 311 121 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dedication of Temple, large, 284 114 

Dedication of Temple, small, 285 1 14 

Excelsior Mark Lodge, 306 120 

Gercke and Temple, 286 1 14 

Kadosh Commandery, 298 118 

Lafayette (Harzfeld's), 281 113 

Lord's Prayer, 325 126 

Mark Penny, 305 119 

Mary Comm'y (Centennial), loi 53 

Mary Com'y (Europ. Pilgr.), 699 262 

Mary Comm'y (Lancaster), 299 1 18 

Mary Comm'y (Member's), 698 262 

Philadelphia Commandery, 103 54 

Small Centennial (1876), 276 112 

Small Centennial (1877), 277 112 

St. Alban Commandery, 102 54 

St. John's Com'y (Memb.), 17 22 

St. John's Com'y (Visit), 39 33 

Washington (Harzfeld's), 275 112 

Washington (Harzfeld'ssm.), 326 126 
Washington (Paquet, cloth'd 

bust), 274 112 

Washington (do. naked b'st), 273 112 

Washington (Soley), 272 112 



No. 



297 



Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Pittsburgh Commandery 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
Solomon's Lodge, 307 

Quezaltenango, Guatemala. 
Estrella de Occidente Lodge, 331 

Rt'ading, Pa. 
Grand Commandery (1872), 296 

Springfield, Mass. 
Dedication of Temple, 

St. Thomas, iVest Indies. 
Harmonic Lodge, 

Syracuse, N. Y. 
Central City Comm'y, 

Toronto, Canada. 
Grand Lodge of Canada, 

Troy, N. Y. 
Apollo Commandery, 

Unknown. 
Lord's Prayer Medal, 
Lord's Prayer Medal, 
Order Eastern Star, 
Order Eastern Star, 
Templar, 
Washington, G. G. M. 1797, 264 

Washington, D. C. 
Columbia Commandery, 

Waterbury, Ct. 
Clark Commandery, 696 

Unknown Lodge, 713 

ASIA. 

Batavia, yava. 
Star in the East Lodge 

(Seventy-fifth Anniv.), 
Star in the East Lodge 

(Comer Stone), 
Bombay, India. 
Rising Star Lodge, 

Calcutta, India. 
Industry and Perseverance 

Lodge, 
Star in the East Lodge, 
St. John's Lodge, 

Hong Kong, China. 
Sussex Lodge, 

Soerabaya, Java. 

Friendship Lodge, 



287 

322 
26 

3°9 

702 

703 
320 
707 
69s 



Page 
1X8 

120 

128 

117 

114 

193 

I2S 

26 

121 

264 
264 
124 
266 
261 
109 



— 263 



262 
267 



493 
689 



479 
488 
480 



690 



200 
258 

194 

193 
198 

193 
193 
259 



EVROVE. 

AUSTRIA. 



Unknown. 



AUSTJt.iZIA. 

Sydney, N. S. IK 
Australian Lodge, 



Joseph II.. 



PTemple de la Verite, 



No. Page 



421 165 

423 167 

— 260 



Brus.iels. 
Amis Philanthropes Loge 

(Officers), 209 88 
Amis Philanthropes Loge 

(Epidemic), 210 88 
Amis Philanthropes Loge 

(Architect), 211 89 
Amis Vrais de I'Union Loge 

(Honnorez), 187 78 
Amis Vrais de I'Union Loge 

(Semi-centennial), 208 87 
Centennial to American 

Masons, 1876,* 85 49 
Centennial to American 

Masons, variety,* 86 50 
Esperance Loge, 498 202 

Grand Orient (De Facqz, 

Installation), 198 82 
Grand Orient (do. Sermon), 197 82 
Grand Orient (do. Serpent), 196 82 
Grand Orient (do.&Stassart), 195 82 
Grand Orient (do. Wreath), 194 82 
Grand Orient (Foundation), 188 79 
Grand Orient (Humbeeck), 496 201 
Grand Orient (Leopold), 40 33 

Grand Orient (Phenix and 

tablet), 189 79 
Grand Orient (Recompense), 199 83 
Grand Orient (do. Mule), 200 83 
Grand Orient (do. Mule), 201 83 
Grand Orient (Seal, no rev.), 207 87 
Grand Orient (do. with rev.), 495 201 
Grand Orient (Sermon and 

Serpent,) 191 
Grand Orient (Stassart and 

Serpent), lg2 
Grand Orient (do. Sermon), 193 
Grand Orient (do. Wreath), 190 
L'Union Loge, 206 

Unknown, — 

Vrais Amis de I'Union Loge, 

(see Amis Vrais, &c.) 497 202 
Liege. 
Aux t. c. f. Etrang. 41 33 

Mons. 
Parfaite Union Loge (Inaug.),2l7 92 
Parfaite Union Loge (Inst.), 218 92 



80 
82 

S2 

79 
86 

254 



— 193 * See notes on these Medals, p. 290. 



INDEX: LODGES, ETC. 



307 



No. Page 



Copenhagen. 
Provincial Lodge, (?) 

Dmit/ul. 
Greifenfeld, 



445 
446 



180 



181 



ENGLAND. 

Meravon. 
Afan Lodge, see 484 301 

Bath. 
Freemason's Hall, 259 106 

Royal Cumberland Lodge, 461 188 

Birmingham. 
St. Paul's Lodge, 469 190 

Store Card, 719 269 

Cheltenham. 
Foundation Lodge, 474 191 

Gnues. 
Medina Lodge, 486 197 

Darlington. 
Restoration Lodge, 475 191 

Durham. 

Marquis of Granby Lodge, 684 257 

East Grimstead. 

Boorman Halfpermy token, 68 44 

Exeter. 

St. John the Baptist Lodge, 470 190 

Union Lodge, 449 182 

Union lodge,* — 198 

Harleston. 

Faithfiil Lodge, — 196 

Hereford. 

Palladian Ix)dge, 683 257 

Htiddersfield. 

Truth Lodge, 714 268 

London. 

Albion Lodge, — 192 

Aldersgate Lodge, see 484 301 

Antiquity Lodge, 455 185 

Centenary Medal, 488 192 
Duke of Connaught Lodge, 

see 484 301 

Globe Lodge, 468 190 

Grand Lodge (Anns), 465 189 

Grand Lodge (Charity), 451 183 
Grand Lodge (Duke of Sussex 

Mortuary), 260 106 
Grand Lodge (Duke of Sussex 

Mortuary), 261 106 

Grand Lodge (Installation), 453 185 

Grand Lodge (Installation), 454 185 

Grand Lodge (New Temple), 452 184 

* I'his is doubtless 449, p. 182. 



No. Page 

Grand Lodge(?) Prince of 
Wales & Duke of Clarence, 262 107 

Grand Lodge (Temple), 
1780, 

Grand Masters' Lodge, 

Grand Stewards' Lodge, 

Grand Stewards' Lodge, 

Grand Stewards' Lodge, 

Immortality of the Order 
Lodge, 

Neptune Lodge, 

Old Dundee Lodge, 

Old Horn Lodge, 

Old Union Lodge, 

Pilgrim Lodge, 

Polish National Lodge, 

Prince of Wales Lodge, 

Royal Alpha Lodge, 

Royal Arch Medal, 

Royal Inverness Lodge, 

Royal Somerset Lodge, 

Royal York Lodge of Perse- 
verance, 

St. Alban Lodge, 

St. Cecilia Lodge, 

St. George's Lodge, 

St. Mary's Lodge, 

Strong Man Lodge, 

Temple Bar Lodge, 

Westminster and Keystone 
Lodge, — 193 

Margate. 

Union Lodge, 
Nottingham. 

Newstead Lodge, 

Oxford. 
Royal Alfred Lodge, 
Plymouth. 

Fortitude Lodge, 473 

St. John's Lodge, 47' 

Poole. 
Amity Lodge, — 

Prescot. 
Loyalty Lodge, 

Sheffield. 
Britannia Lodge, 

Sunderland. 
Palatine Lodge, . 

Unknown, Doubtful, or Private. 
Ancient Masons' Jewel, 6 17 

Carpenters' Guild, — 196 

Duke ofYork Hfpenny token, 66 43 
Duke of YorkH'fpenny token, 67 43 
Member's Jewel, 33 3° 

'Member's Jewel, 257 105 



329 


127 


457 


186 


485 


195 


— 


196 


— 


198 


466 


189 


467 


190 




196 


458 


187 


477 


191 


— 


193 


— 


193 


456 


186 


459 


187 


489 


198 


458 


187 


458 


187 


464 


188 


460 


187 


see 484 


301 


476 


191 


487 




463 


188 


see 484 


301 



687 258 
682 257 
450 182 



191 

190 
192 



484 19s 

472 190 
686 258 



No, Page 

Member's Jewel, 327 127 

Member's Jewel (Braddock), 14 20 

Member's Jewel (Dartmoor), 15 21 

Nelsonic Crimson Oakes, — 258 

Price Jewel,* 61 41 

Pr. of Wales H'penny token, 62 42 

Pr. of Wales H'penny token, 63 43 

Pr. of Wales H'Penny token, 64 43 

Pr. of Wales H'penny token, 65 43 

Pr. of Wales Penny token, 69 44 

Unknown, 685 257 

Warrington, 

Lodge of Lights, 483 195 

Winchester. 

Economy Lodge, 462 188 

FRANCE. 
The names under places in France and 
Germany are of Lodges, unless otherwise 
specified. The word *'Loge" sometimes 
precedes and sometimes follows the name, 
and is therefore omitted. 

Abbeville. 

Parfaite Harmonic, 525 214 

Angers. 

Pere de Famille, 87 50 

Besancon. 

Centennial Medal, 586 231 

Sincere et Parfaite Union, 88 50 



645 24s 



72 45 

235 97 

644 245 

84 49 



Fratemelle, 

Bordeaux. 
Anglaise, 
Anglaise (variety), 
St. Jean d'Ecosse, 

Bourg. 
Amitie Fratemelle, 

Calaire. 
Amis des Hommes, 565 226 

Amis des Hommes (variety), 566 226 

Chalons, S. S. 
Parfaite Egalite, 526 214 

Ckapelle. 
Disciples de Zenon,t 527 214 

Chartres. 
Franchise, 89 50 

Chateau Thierry. 
Jean de la Fontaine, 71 44 

Cherbourg. 
Fidele Maconne, 646 245 

Clermont. 

Feu Sacre, 9° 5° 

* Doubtless struck in England, but per- 
haps properly belonging under Boston, Mass. 
t See also page 301. 



308 



INDEX: LODGES, ETC. 



Dieppe. 
Coeurs Unis, 
Coeurs Reunis, see 

Dijon. 
Sept Philanthropes, 

Douai. 
Parfaite Union (1802), 
Parfaite Union (1803), 
S. Trib. Dep'al Gr. Insp. 

Evreux. 
Constance Eprouvee, 

Grenoble. 
Parf. Union, Humanite, etc., 

Havre. 
Amanita (Member's), 
Amanita (Temple). 
"Four Lodges," 
Olivier Pxossais, (Member's) 
Olivier Ecossais (Temple), 
Trois H. (Member's) 
Trois H. (Temple), 
Trois H. (variety), 
Trois H. (variety), 
Trois H. (variety), 

Ingotwille. 

Olivier Ecossais, sea Havre, 

Limoges. 
Artistes Reunis (Member's), 
Artistes Reunis (Presence), 

Lille. 
Amis Raunis (Large), 
Amis Reunis (Small)), 

Louviers. 
Arts et L'Amitie (Lyre), 
Arts et L'Amitie (Pillar) 

Lyons. 
Asile du Saga,* 
Asile du Sage, 
Asile du Sage, 
Asile du Sage, 
AsileduSage, (Recompense), 
Asile du Sage, Chap. 

(Presence), 
Candeur, 
Candeur, 

Candeur (Devouament), 
Candeur, 

Chevaliers du Temple, 
Chevaliers du Temple 

(Presence), 
Chevaliers du Temple 

(Recompense), 

* For explanation of dilTerenci 
Medals see page 224. 



No. 


Page 


117 


59 


117 


59 


647 


245 


118 


59 


"9 


60 


120 


60 


121 


60 


528 


214 


124 


61 


346 


133 


648 


245 


125 


61 


649 


245 


122 


60 


346 


133 


529 


215 


53° 


215 


123 


61 


649 


245 


116 


59 


65' 


246 


254 


103 


650 


246 


126 


62 


29 


28 


554 


223 


555 


223 


556 


223 


557 


224 


584 


231 


547 


221 


536 


218 


546 


221 


570 


227 


577 


229 


550 


222 


560 


225 


SS' 


222 


es of 


these 



No. 

Enfans d' Hiram, 538 

Enfans d'Hiram, 539 

Enfans d'Hiram, 563 

Equerre et Compas, 537 

Equerre et Compas, — 

Etoile at Compas, 568 

Etoile Polaire, 552 

Etoile Polaire, 553 

Isis, 535 

Isis, — 

Lumiere at Justice, 578 

Parfait Silence, — 

Parfait Silence, 540 

Parfait Silence, Areop., 545 

Parfait Silence (Presence), 561 

Parfait Silence (Centennial), 573 

Simplicite Constance, 548 

Simplicite Constance, 549 
Simplicite Constance 

(Presence), 564 
Simplicite Constance 

(Presence), 581 
Sincere Amitie, — 
Sincere Amitie, 541 
Sincere Amitie, 567 
Sincere Amitie (Presence), 569 
Sincere Amitie ( Presenta- 
tion), 583 
Tolerance, Cordialita, 572 
Union da Pierre Seize (?) — 
Union et Confiance, 543 
Union et Confiance, 544 
Union et Confiance, — 
Union et Confiance, 580 
United Lodges, Testimon'l, 575 

Lyons, Croix Rousse. 

Bienfaisance at Amitie, — 

Bienfaisance et Amitie, 574 
Bienfaisance et Amitie, Chap, 542 

Lyons, Givors. 

Solidarite, 576 229 

Lyons, Guilloiiere. 

Amis des Arts, 558 

Amis des Arts, 559 

Lyons, Vaise. 

Amis de la Verite, 562 

Amis de la Verite, 571 

Amis de la Verite, 579 

[Varieties of Member's jewel.] 

Marseilles. 
Freras Unis, 



Page 
219 
219 
226 
218 
222 
227 
222 
223 
217 
218 
230 
217 
219 
220 
225 
228 
221 
221 

226 

230 
217 
219 
226 
227 

231 
228 

231 
220 
220 
222 
230 
229 



217 
228 
219 



225 
225 

225 
227 
230 



Melun. 
Coeurs Unis, 



531 



347 



215 
133 



No. Page 

Metz. 

Ecole de la Sagesse et du 

Triple-Accord (Presence), 532 215 
Ecole de la Sagessa et du 

Triple-Accord, Chap., 127 62 
Ecole de la Sagesse et du 
Triple- Accord, Chap., 

(Presence), 128 62 
Monlins. 
Paix et Union, 



Nemours. 

L'Amitie, 

Neuville, S. S. 
Experience et Progres, 

Paris. 

Abeille Imperiale, 

Admirateurs de I'Univers 
(1826), 

Admirateurs de I'Univers 
(1836), 

Admirateurs de 1 Univers 
(Decag'l, 1843), 

Aigle Francaise, 

Aigle Imperiale, 

Amis, 

Amis Bienfaisants, 

Amis Bienfaisants at des 
Imitateurs d'Ooiris, &c.. 

Amis de I'Ordra, 

Amis de la Paix (Minerva 
seated), 

Amis de la Paix (Minerva 
seated). 

Amis de la Paix (Minerva 
standing). 

Amis de la Paix (Octagonal), 

Amis de la Patrie, 

Amis Fideles, 

Amis Incorruptibles, 

Amis Incorruptibles (Pre- 
sentation), 

Amis Indivisibles, Chap., 

Amis Reunis, 

Amis Triomphants, 

Amis Triomphants (Bijou), 

Amis Unis (see Note 430), 

Amitie, 

Amitie Eprouvee, 

Anacraon (1805), 

Anacreon (l8l8). 

Arras, Sou v. Chap., 

Arts et de I'Amitie, 

Athenae des Etrangars, 

Athenee Francais, 

Berceau des Amis de 1' Hu- 
manite, 



220 93 



533 216 
585 231 



139 


65 


616 


239 


6t7 


240 


227 
140 
141 

344 
223 


?5 

65 
132 
94 


230 
336 


96 
130 



142 66 

143 66 



28 


28 


238 


98 


224 


94 


635 


243 


73 


45 


614 


239 


129 


62 


592 


233 


HS 


66 




256 


— 


233 


593 


233 


631 


242 


136 


64 


137 


64 


600 


23s 


343 


132 


599 


235 


35 


31 



628 242 



INDEX: LODGES, ETC. 



309 



No. : 

Bonaparte (Presence), 623 

Bonaparte (Octagonal), 624 

Bonne Union, 595 

Centre des Amis, 603 

Choix (H. D. M.), 239 

Clavel's Premium, 692 

Clemente Amitie, 52 

Clemente Amitie, Conseil, 5 1 
Clemente Amitie (engr. rev.), 668 

Coeurs Sinceres (Nonag'al), 225 
Coeurs Sinceres (Octagon'l), 608 

Coeurs Unis (1808), 147 

Coeurs Unis (181 1), 138 

Coeurs Unis (1820), 148 
Commandeurs de Mont Tha- 

bor, 149 
Constance Couronnee, 152 
Constance Eprouvee, 70 
Contrat Social, 130 
Contrat Social et St. Alex- 
andre, (1806), 131 
Contrat Social et St. Alex- 
andre (1809), 677 
Contrat Social et St. Alex- 
andre (1826), 132 
Disciples de St. V. de Paul, 153 
Disciples de St. V. de Paul 

(Octagonal), 154 
Disciples de St. V. de Paul 

(Presence), 155 
Disciples... du Heros de I'Hu- 

manite, 341 

Eleves de Minerve, 74 

Emetli, 339 

Emules d'Hiram (1822), 157 

Emules d'Hiram (1848), 627 
Entrepreneurs de Macon- 

nerie, — 

Epi d'Or, 158 

Fideles Ecossais, 524 

Fidelite (?) 607 

Francs Juges, 534 

Freres de St. Henry, 642 

Freres Unis (Lyre) 177 

Freres Unis (Sheaf, 1775), 590 
Freres Unis (Slieaf, 1775, 

variety), 591 

Freres Unis (Sheaf, 1806), 176 

Freres Unis Intimes, 589 

Grand Loge Centrale, 588 

CJrand Loge H. D. M. 240 

Grand Orient, 601 

Grand Orient, 602 

Grand Orient (1802 ?), 161 

Grand Orient (1802 ?), 162 

Grand Orient (1803 ?), 163 

Grand Orient (1806 ?), 169 

Grand Orient (1810?), 170 



Page 




No. 


Page 


241 


Grand Orient (?) (Due de 






241 


Chartres), 


607 


237 


234 


Grand Orient ( 1 843, Temple), 1 72 


74 


236 


Grand Orient (Coll. of Rites 


,606 


237 


99 


Grand Orient (Recompense 


.587 


231 


261 


Grand Orient (Union of 






38 


^ . , Rites, l«04). 


175 


75 


37 


Grand Sphuix (One globe), 


174 


75 


250 


Grand Sphinx (Two globes 


. >73 


75 


95 


Henri W., 


609 


238 


238 


Imitateurs d'Osiris, 


77 


47 


67 


Imperiale des P'rancs Chev- 






65 


aliers, 


252 


103 


67 


Inseparables, 


618 


240 




Isis, 


79 


48 


67 


Isis-Montyon, 


81 


48 


68 


Isis-Montyon, Chap., 


82 


49 


44 


Isis-Monlyon, Conseil, 


80 


48 


63 


Jerusalem, 


244 


100 




Jerusalem (Presence), 


24.^ 


100 


63 


Liens de la Parf. Amitie (?), 629 


242 




Marie Louise, 


186 


78 


255 


Mars et les Arts, 


178 


76 




Mars et Themis, 


619 


240 


63 


Mercure et Themis, 


335 


129 


69 


Mont Sinai, 


620 


240 




NeufSoeurs 1776), 


57 


40 


69 


NeufSoeurs 1783), 


58 


40 




NeufSoeurs (1829), 


59 


40 


69 


NeufSoeurs (De Milly), 


637 


243 




Ocean Francais, 


165 


72 


«3i 


Ordre Royal Hospitallers, 




254 


45 


Parfaite Eslime, 


636 


243 


130 


Parfaite Reunion, 


165 


71 


70 


Parfaite Reunion (Heptag'i; 


,184 


77 


241 


Patronage des Orphelins, 


630 


242 




Perseverante Amitie, 


612 


238 


251 


Philonomes, 


337 


130 


70 


Philonomes, (Presence), 


611 


238 


213 


Phoenix,* 


168 


73 


237 


Phoenix, Chap., 


167 


73 


216 


Point I'arfait, 


164 


72 


244 


Point Parfait, 


342 


131 


76 


Point Parfait, 


596 


234 


233 


Regime Kectifie, 


56 


39 




Reunion des Arts, 




70 


233 


Reunion des Etrangers, 


186 


78 


76 


Rigides Observateurs, 


232 


97 ■ 


232 


Rose Etoilee Regen., 


60 


41 


232 


Ruche, 


245 


lOI 


99 


Sept Ecossais Reunis (1809) 


53 


38 


236 


Sept Ecossais Reunis (Pre- 






236 


sentation), 


634 


242 


71 


Sept Ecossais Reunis, Chap. 


156 


70 


71 


Sept Ecossais Reunis, Cons., 


605 


237 


71 


* Merzdorf thus assigns this 


Medal 


but 


73 


a French correspondent ascribes it ta 


the 


74 


Loge Themis, which I think more probable. 1 



St. Alexandre, &c.,* 
St. Alexandre, &c., 
St. Alexandre, &c. (Mule), 
St. Alexandre et le Contrat 

Social, 
Sincere Amitie, 
Sinceres Amis, 
Souv. Chap. d'Arras, 
St. Antoine du Parf Cont., 
St. Antoine du Parfait-Con- 
tentement (variety), 
St. Antoine du Parfait-Con- 
tentement (Octagonal), 
St. Antoine du Parfait-Con- 
tentement (Nonagonal), 
St Auguste de la Parf Intel. 
St. Charles du Triomphe, 

&c., see St. Alexandre. 
St. Claude de la Paix Sincere, 
St. Eugene, 
St. Jean de Jerusalem, 
St. Jean de la Palestine, 
St. Louis de France, 
St. Louis de la Martinique, 
St. Louis de la Martinique 
(1760), 
St. Louis de la Martinique 
(Empire Francais), 
St. Maximin (?) 
St. Michel, 

St. Pierre des Vrais Amis,... 
St. Victor, des Amis de la 

Victoire, 
Store Card, 
Store Card, 
Store Card, 
Sup. Gr. Conseil (Camba- 

ceres). 
Sup. Gr. Conseil (Choiseul), 
Sup. Gr. Conseil (Cypher), 
Sup. Gr. Conseil (Louis 

XVIII.), 
Sup. Gr. Conseil (Muiaire), 
Temple de 1' Union des Peu- 

ples, 
Themis, 

Tributaire d'Hiram, 
Tributaires d'Hiram, 
Tiinitaires, 
Trinite, 

Trinosophes de Bercy, 
Triple Unite Ecossaise, 
Trois Jours, 
Union, 

Union de Famille, 
Union Parfaite de la Perse- 
verance (1813), 
* See also Contrat Social. 



No. 


Pa^e 


'33 


«34 


64 


13s 


64 


M 


38 


632 


242 


144 


66 


600 


235 


55 


39 


597 


235 


598 


235 


338 


130 


146 


66 


,241 


100 


75 


46 


594 


234 


76 


46 


253 


103 


638 


244 


604 


236 


182 


77 


62s 


241 


242 


100 


228 


95 


177 


76 


716 


269 


717 


269 


718 


269 


183 


77 


613 


239 


.85 


78 


231 


96 


233 


97 


639 


244 


168 


73 


180 


77 


181 


77 


222 


94 


166 


72 


247 


102 


78 


47 


61S 


239 


340 


131 


171 


74 



246 lOI 



3IO 



INDEX: LODGES, ETC. 





No. 


Page 




No 


Page 


Paris.— (Cont'd) 






St. Germain en Laye. 






Union Parfaite de la Perse- 






Bonne Foi, 


659 


248 


verance (1838), 


633 


242 


St. Ouen. 






Union Parfaite de la Perse- 






Hospitallers, 


660 


248 


verance (Presence), 


640 


244 


St. Quentin. 
Philantropie, 






Unknown Body, "Assem- 
blee Supreme," 


226 


95 


236 


98 


Unknown (Commune, Arms 




Toulouse. 






ot Paris), 


626 


241 


Sagesse, 


662 


249 


Unknown (Commune, Bust 






Union Sincere, 


661 


248 


and Inscription), 


248 


102 


Vrais Amis Reunis, 


663 


249 


Unknown (Commune, Bust 






Tournus. 






and Inscription) 
Unknown (Commune, Bust 


'50 


67 


Concorde, 


664 


249 


and two Inscriptions) 


15' 


68 


Troyes. 






Unknown (Commune, Sou- 






Union Fraternelle, 


66s 


249 


venir) 


31 


29 


Unknown. 






Unknown (Crassous), 


229 


96 


Arte Soliditas, 


621 


240 


Unknown (?Grand Orient, 






Bijou, 


679 


256 


Jeton de Presence), 


83 


49 


Doubtful, 


669 


250 


Unknown "New Templars 


) 




Doubtful, 


670 


250 


(Palaprat, 1820), 


255 


104 


Haut Grade? 


672 


252 


Unknown " New Templars 


) 




Liberie, etc.. 


622 


241 


(Palaprat, 1821), 


256 


105 


Officer's, 


674 


252 


Vraie Reunion, 


641 


244 


Officer's, 


67s 


253 


Pravins. 






Officer's, 


676 


253 


Heureuse Alliance, 


221 


93 


Premium ? 

Rose Croix (Cypher, Con- 


673 


252 


Puteaux. 
Amis Reunis de Jerusalem, 


652 


246 


stance), 
Union ? 


678 
671 


25s 
251 


Rennes. 






yiitenciennes. 






Parfaite Union, 


653 


246 


Parfaite Union, 


251 


103 


Rkeims. 






Parfaite Union (?i8l2). 


250 


102 


Sincerite, 


348 


133 


Parfaite Union et St. Jean 






Triple Union, 


349 


133 


du Desert reunis. 


22 


24 


Rotten. 






St. Jean du Desert, 


249 


102 


Amis Reunis, 


97 


52 


St. Jean du Desert (Square 






Ardente Amitie, 


99 


53 


and compasses). 


666 


249 


Arts Reunis, 


93 


51 


St. Jean du Desert (Sun,&c. 


,667 


249 


Arts Reunis, 


98 


S3 


Versailies. 






Arts Reunis, Chap., 
Constance |Eprouvee, 
Constance Eprouvee 


654 


247 
246 


Amis Philanthropes, &c., 
Militaires ReuniS, 


6670 
237 


250 
98 


(Presentation), 


95 


52 


Ville/ranche. 


" 




Parfaite Egalite, 


91 


S° 


Fraternite Progressive, 


582 


230 


Parfaite Egalite, Chap., 


92 


5'. 


Parfait Accord, 


345 


132 


Perseverance, 


656 


247 








Perseverance Couronnee, 


94 


52 


GERMANY. 






Sincere Amitie, 1822, 


219. 


93 


Aachen. 






Verite, 


96 


52 


Bestandigkeit und Eintracht, 350 


"34 


Saumur. 






AUenburg, 






Perseverance, 


657 


248 


Archimedes zu den Drey... 


351 


'34 


Sens. 






AUona. 






Concorde, 


234 


97 


Carl z. Felsen, 


514 


209 


St. Etienne. 






Anspach. 






Franche Amitie, 


658 


248 


Alexander z. d. Drei Sterne 


.352 


135 



No. Page 
Baireutk. 

Sonne (Gr. L.), 353 135 

Sonne (Doubtful), 355 136 

Bautzen. 

Goldne Maur, — 136 

Berlin. 

Bestandigkeit, 366 143 

Drei Weltkugeln (1777), 356 137 

Drei Weltkugeln (1838), 361 140 

Drei Weltkugeln (1838), 362 140 

Drei Weltkugeln (1840), 364 142 

Drei Weltkugeln (Centen'l), 365 142 

Drei Weltkugeln (Guion'u), 359 139 

Drei Weltkugeln (Theden), 357 137 

Landes-Loge (1840), 364 142 

I..andes-Loge (Palmie), 363 141 

Landes-Loge (Zinnen. 1820), 358 138 

Landes-Loge (Zinnen. 1826), 360 139 

Royal York z. Freundsch... 364 142 

Breslau. 

Drei Todtengrippe, 376 147 

Drei Vereinigte, 375 146 

Friedrich z. Gold. Zepter, 378 147 

Glocke, 377 147 

Saule, 20 24 

BrunsTjoick. 

Carl z. Gekronten Saule, 372 145 

Carl z. Gekronten Saule, 373 146 

Carl z. Gekronten Saule, 374 146 

Carl z. G. Saule (1744), 368 144 

Carl z. G. S. (Centennial), 371 145 

Carl z. G. S. (Ducat), 12 19 

Carl z. G. S. (Langerfeldt), 370 145 

Carl z. G. S. (School) 369 144 

Jonathan zum Pfeiler, 5 16 

Jonathan z. d. Gekr. Saule, 367 143 

The above names I understand from Merz- 
dorf and ZachariaF are diflFerent titles of the 
same body, of which Jonathan zum Pfeiler is 
the earliest. 

Union of Lodges, 7 17 

Cassel. 

Eintracht und Standhaft't, 379 148 

Dantziff. 

Goldn. Lowe, 380 148 

Darmstadt. 

Johannes d. Evang. 382 149 

Unknown, 381 148 

Dresden. 

Drei Schwertzer (?) 383 149 

Goldn. Appel, &c., 3 15 

Goldn. Appel, &c., 4 16 
Gr. Landesloge von Sachsen 

^ , (1817). 42 34 

Gr. Landesloge v. S. (1828), 44 35 



INDEX: LODGES, ETC. 



No. Page 

386 151 

354 136 



46 

384 
428 


3? 
36 

169 


38s 


150 


387 
388 


"5' 
151 


391 


'52 


389 

39' 
391 
390 


152 
152 

'52 

'52 



Dusseldorf. 
Drei Verbundeten, 

Erlangen. 
libanon z. d. Drei Cedern, 

Frankfort a M. 
Einigkeit (1742), 
Einigkeit (Broenner), 
Einigkeit (Fellner, mar'ge), 
Einigkeit (Fellner, merit), 

Frattk/urt a. Oder. 
Aufrichtiges Herz, 

Gorlitz. 
Unknown,* 

Gotha. 
Cosmopolit, 
Ernst zum Compass 

(Frankenberg), 
Ernst z. C. (Semi-Cent'l), 
Rauten Kranz, 
Reichard's Medal, 

Gustrtnv. 
Phoebus Apollo, 

Halherstadt. 
Drei Hammer, 

Halle. 

Drei Degenf ('744), 
Drei Degen (Madai), 
Drei Degen (Miethoff), 

Hamburg. 
Absalom,:( 
Absalom, 
Bruderkette, 
Emmanuel, 

Ferdinande Caroline (1776), 
Ferdinande Caroline (1870), 
Ferdinand z. Felsen, 
Grosse Loge von Hamburg 
und Niedeisachsen (1742), 
Gr. Loge (Bijou), 
Gr. 1-oge (Centennial), 
Gr. Loge (Jaenisch), 
Gr. Loge (Memento), 
Gr. Loge (Pisa), 
Gr. Loge (Prince Charles), 
Judica (Scottish), 
St. Georg (1743), 
St. Georg (1843), 
St. Georg ( 1870), 
Unverbmchlichen Einigkeit, 
Unknowa (Carpser), 



* See Notes, page 299. 
t See Note 245 on names of this Lodge. 
} Merzdorf ascribes this to the Grand 
Lodge. 



405 158 

392 153 
13 20 

394 '54 

393 153 



9 


18 


"5 


58 


513 


208 


"5 


58 


109 


55 


"5 


58 


"5 


58 


107 


55 


5" 


208 


112 


57 


1 10 


56 


"5 


58 


S'2 


208 


III 


56 


108 


55 


II 


19 


"3 


SZ 


"5 


s? 


114 


58 


— 


'54 



No, Page 



409 

405 

425 
■410 
691 

411 
412 
413 



34 
208 



395 
396 


'54 
'55 


16 


21 


10 


18 


397 


'55 


399 


156 


402 


157 


401 


'57 


400 


'57 



Hatnnt. 

Helles Licht, 43 

Unknown, 510 

Hannover. 
Reunion des Amis, 
Schwarzer Bar, 

Hildburghausen . 
Ernst, 

Karl zum Rauten Kranz, 
Karl zum Rauten Kranz, (?) 
(Joseph), 

Hildesheim. 

Pforte z. Ewigkeit, 
Stillen Tempel, 
Stillen Temple (1812), 
Leipsic. 

Apollo, 

Minerva z. d. Drei Palmen 
(Hohenthal) 
Minerva z. d. D. P. (Mem- 
ber's), 
Minerva z. d. D. P. (Von 

Hund), 45 
Magdeburg. 
Ferdinand z. Gluckseligkeit, 403 

Mecklenburg. 
Drei Sternen, &c., 405 

Unknown, 404 

Meiningen. 

Charlotte z. d. Drei Nelken, 

(Wedding), 8 

Neisse. 
Weisse Taube, 

Neubrandenhurg. 
Friedensbund, 

Nurnberg. 
Centrale de Mopses, 
Joseph z. Einigkeit, 
Unknown, 

Oldenburg. 
Goldner Hirsch, 
Goldner Hirsch, 
Goldner Hirsch, 

Regensburg. 
Drei Schlussel, 23 25 

Rostock. 
Drei Sterne, 405 

Drei Sterne (Centennial), 408 
Provinzialloge, 406 

Tempel der Wahrljeit, 405 

Sachsen/etd. 
Drei Rosen, 4'4 1^3 



35 
157 

158 
158 

17 
160 

158 

167 
161 
259 

161 
162 
162 



'S8 
160 

'59 
'58 



3" 



No. Page 



Schweidniiz. 






Hercules, 


47 


36 


Wahre Eintracht, 


415 


'63 


Wahre Em. (Semi-Cent'l), 


416 


4 


Schivertn. 






Harpocrates z. Morgenrothe 


405 


'58 


St. Michael, 


407 


'59 


Stralsund. 






Gustav. z. d. Drei Strahlen 


417 


164 


JVeimar. 






Amalia, 


418 


164 


IVismar. 






Vaterlands Liebe, 


419 


'65 


Unknown and Doubtful. 






Aletophilen, 


427 


168 


Eschenbach, 




260 


Ritter des Bessern Zeital.... 


426 


168 


Schubarth, 


422 


166 


St. Michael? 


447 


181 


Unknown Lodge, 


420 


'65 


Unknown (1778), 


424 


167 


HOLLAND. 







The history of Masonry in Holland and 
Belgium is confused, owing to the wars of 
Napoleon and other similar causes. The as- 
signment of the following Medals, especially 
of the Grand Lodge, may in some cases he 
questionable on that account. 



Amsterdam. 






Charite, 


499 


202 


La Bien Aimee, 


is 


23 


DortrecU. 






Flamboyante(Broedertrouw' 


,214 


90 


Hague. 






Berceau du Roi de Rome, 


202 


84 


Grand Lodge (?) Alliance, 


215 


90 


Grand Lodge; Doubtful, 






Gr. L., Install., So. Prov., 


20s 


86 


Gr. L., Marriage of Wm. 






Fred. 1825, 


27 


27 


Gr. L., Quarter Centennial 






of Wm. Frederic, 1841, 


24 


25 


Gr. L., Semi-Cent'l, 1808, 


216 


91 


Gr. L., Semi-Centennial of 






Wm. Frederic, 


204 


85 


Gr. L., (Silver Wedding, 






Wm. Frederic, 1850,) 


203 


84 


Maastricht. 






I'erseverance, 


500 


203 


Ley den. 






Vertu (Explosion), 


212 


89 



Vertu (Quarter Centennial), 213 

Unknown. 
Doubtful, 494 



90 



312 • 

No. Page 

IRELAND. 

Dublin. 

Loyal Britons,' 263 108 

Royal Arch Medal, 694 261 

Prince Masons, t 258 105 

ITALY. 

Florence. 

Elisa, 506 205 

Unknown (Sackville), i 14 

Leghorn. 
Napoleon, 501 203 

Milan. 
Grand Orient, 50 37 

Imperiale Carolina, 502 204 

Naples. 
Joseph La Concorde, 503 204 

Ravenna. 
Pigneta, 504 204 

Rome. 
Unknown (Folkes), 482 194 

Udine. 

Napoleon, 505 204 

MOLDAVIA. 
yassy. 

Mars, 19 23 

Sadogurski,t 509 207 

* Conder, page 230, No. 169, mentions an- 
orher of the Loyal Britons' Lodge, obv. An- 
chor and Cable, and cap of Liberty radiated ; 
" Liberty, Peace and Commerce." Rev. A 
crown in a radiated circle, at bottom sprigs 
of leaves ; " Loyal Britons' Lodge." There 
was another also, of the same device, differ- 
ently executed. I doubt their Masonic char- 
acter. 

t See note on this, page 295. 

X See Notes and Corrections,- page 301. 



INDEX: LODGES, ETC. 



RUSSIA. 

Moscow. 

Oziris, 

St. Petersburg. 
Latona, 
Mildthatigkeit, 
Pelikan, 
Verschw iegenheit, 

Unknown. 
School Premium ? 



SCOTLAND. 
Edinburgh. 
Grand Lodge (?) early, 
Grand Lodge (Centennial), 
Grand Lodge (Honorary), 
St. Clair, 



Madrid. 
Beneficencia, 
Fraternidad, 



Gothenburg. 
Provinzial-Loge, 
Unknown (Ewert), 

Stockholm. 
Adolph Friedrich, 
Armeens, 

Grand Land-Lodge (Bier- 
ken mortuary), 
Or. L-Lodge (Charles XIIL), 438 
Gr. L.Lodge (Charles XIII. 

Gr. Master), 436 



No. 


Page 


4S 


36 


S'6 


210 


517 
517 
51S 


210 
210 
209 


S18 


210 


32 
490 
688 
328 


29 
199 
258 
127 


S 


129 
256 


429 
519 


170 
211 


43' 
432 


171 
172 


434 
438 


172 
17s 


436 


173 



No. Page 

Gr. L.Lodge (Charles XIV.), 439 176 

Gr. L.Lodge (Charles XV.), 442 177 
Gr. L.Lodge (Charles XV. 

marriage), 441 177 

Gr.L. Lodge (Gust. III.), 437 174 

Gr. L.Lodge (Orphans), 435 173 

Gr. L.Lodge (Oscar II.), 443 178 

Gr. L.Ix)dge (Prince Oscar), 440 176 
St. Jean Auxiliare (Gusta- 

vus III.), 430 170 
St. Jean Auxiliare (Princess 

Sophia), 431 171 
Unknown. 

St. Andrew, 448 182 

Swedenborg rite ? 444 179 



SWITZERLAND. 
Geneva. 

Amitie, 507 

Union des Coeurs Reunis,* 30 

Lausanne. 

Esperance et Cordialite, 508 

Gr. Loge Nationale, 508 

UNKNOWN. 

Travelling Freemasons ? — 

Fasces, 669 

Harpocrates, 521 

Lodge Jewel, 327 

Lodge Jewel (?) 520 

Shell, 715 

Stibium, 670 

Strict Observance (?) 523 

Sun, 522 

Templar Medal, 695 

* See also note on XXX, page 287. 



206 
29 

206 
206 



207 
250 
212 
127 
211 
268 
250 
213 
212 
261 




INDEX: LEGENDS. 



313 



III. LEGENDS. 

The following Index gives the Legends with sufficient fullness to find any Medal in the Catalogue: periods 
between words or at the end of a Legend, show that some portion of it is omitted. The first number is that of the 
Medal, and the second of the page on which the Legend will be found. 



No. 
A A. 29 

Ab illo lux et robur, 163 

Ab illo lux et robur, 602 

Ab oriente oriar, 130 

Ab origine, i 

Accroissement de I'ordre, 597 
Accroissemt de I'ordre, 55 

Activite, union, frateriiite... 49 
Ad amassim, 34 

Adhuc stabit, 70 

Adhuc Stat, 56 

Adhuc Stat, 392 

Ad majorem Dei gloriam. . 188 
Admirateurs de I'Univers, 227 
Admirateurs de I'Univers, 616 
Admirateurs de I'Univers, 617 
Adore le Gr. Arch.... 191 

Adore le Gr. Arch.... 193, 197 
Ad sacram anni jubilaei. . . 208 
iEdes Liber. Fratr. Mur... 443 
iEdes Scotse beneficentiae, — 

/Eqva lege sortitvr 12 

jEqva lege sortitvr 372,374 

Aeqvitas, concordia et virtvs, 1 2 

Aeqvitas, concordia et virtvs, 373 

Aeqvitas, concordia et virtvs, 374 

Aetemae memoriae Mag... 442 

Aelernus tamen, 

Aeton. LMNR. DBTS. 

AflSlie libre de toutes les... 

Agathei Tuchei (Greek) 

A. G. J. A. de Stassart.... 

A. G. Kobes M. v. 3. . 

A Hiram, 

A I, 

A. L D. F. 5807, 

Aimer et se taire, 

Aimez vous les uns les... 

Aimez vous les uns les... 

A. Inv. 3381, 

Albion Lodge... .1851, 

A. L. Centenary.... 

Al. F. T. Somenzari... 

A. 1. g. d. G. A... 

A Louis XVIII Roi de.... 

Als anerkennung fur 25... 

A.'. L.-. 5782 Templum... 



438 
444 
175 

189 

376 
181 

73 
141 

352 
220 

64s 
694 



660 
231 

208 



Page 
2« 

71 
236 

63 

14 

23s 

39 

37 

30 

44 

39 

153 

79 

95 

239 

240 

80 

82 

87 
178 
217 

146 

19 
146 
146 
177 

175 
179 

75 
15 
79 
147 
77 
45 
66 

'35 
93 

261 
192 
192 
204 
248 

96 
209 

87 





No. 


Page 


A.-. L.-. 5832, die 29 M 2, 


208 


87 


Amat consociare. 


395 


154 


Amenitas lumine viget. 


124 


01 


Amicitia, virtute et silentio, 


32 


30 


Amis, 


344 


132 


Amisdel'Ordre, O.deParis, 


336 


130 


Amis des Arts, 5840, 


558 


225 


Amis, Orient de Paris, 


56 


39 


Amis reunis de Jerusalem, 


652 


240 


Amitie, bienfaisance. 


338 


130 


Amitie, bienfaisance, hum.. 


628 


242 


Amitie, sagesse, 176 


177 


76 


Amitie, sagesse, 590 


591 


233 


Am iubeltage den 27 Dec. . . 


399 


156 


Amor, honor etjustitia... 


15 


21 


Amor, honor etjustitia... 


61 


41 


Amor, honor etjustitia... 


62 


42 


Amor, honor etjustitia... 


77 


47 


Amor, honor et justitia. . . 


264 


109 


Am xix April, mdcccxix. 


419 
138 


165 


A Napoleon Roi de Rome,' 


65 


Animum hie domare.... 


93 


5' 


Animum hie domare.... 


655 


247 


An. Ma. 5865-66.... 


209 


88 


Anno 4052, d. 4 lanvar, 


10 


19 


Anno 5802, 


166 


72 


Anno lucis 581 1, 


202 


84 


Antiqva novis coniponere... 


3 


IS 


Ao seu Gr. M . Visconde do. . . 


332 


128 


A. 0. V. Vieregge.... 


419 


165 


Apollo Commandery, Troy 


■30? 


121 


.A.rcanvm scrvtatvs, cvncta. 


. 16 


21 


Aictissimum amoris vine. 


540 


219 


Ardens quaerit, sola... 


•65 


72 


Ardente amitie, O.de Rouen 


99 


53 


ArefuUa sar. 


432 


172 


Are penning for ogemen... 


433 


172 


Armory Seventh Regt... 


^\\ 


266 


Ars sequi et boni. 


168 


73 


Ars prima silere. 


521 


212 


Art de la Maconnerie, 


621 


240 


Arte soliditas. 


621 


240 


Assemblee Supreme, 


226 


95 


Assez, 


425 


168 


Assiduite, 


569 


227 


Assiduite, 


640 


244 


Asuncion l ° de Abril. . . . 


491 


199 



Audi, vide, tace, 

Audi, vide, tace, 

Audi, vide, tace, 

Au f.. pour devouement. . . . 

Augustus Frederick, 

Au Lieutenant Grand... 

Aurea Venturis, sol porrige. . 

Au Sup. Cons, du Rit. Anc. 

Au T.-. II. F. Vie'nnet... 

Au vrai merite, 

Aux Organ, du Concours... 

Aux ttt. ccc. fff. etrang. 

Au zele et au devouement.. 

A. V. L. 5808, 
Bauhutte zu Numberg, 
Benefa, Or. de Madrid, 
Benemerenti prsemium, 
Benjamin Franklin, born... 
Benjamin Franklin, born... 
Benjaminus Franklin (1829), 
Benj. Franklin Minist.... 
Berceau du Roi de Rome... 
Bernardus-Raymundus... 
Berol. d. vii. Nov... 
Bestaendigkeit, 
Bestandigkeit und Eintracht. 
Be thou faithful unto death.. 
Be thou faithful unto death.. 
Be thou faithful unto death. . 

B. Feb. II. 1732, Gen... 

Bgrn. Raym. D. G 

Biblia Sacra, 
Bienfaisance, tolerance, . . 
Bien penser, bien dire... 
Black Jack Grove, Texas, 
Blaschenstow obsehtocheja* 
Bono auspicio fratris... 
Bonum est nos hie esse. 
Born Feb. 22. 1732 — Died.. 
Born Jan. 27, 1773— Died.. 
Born Jan. 27, 1773— Mar... 
Boston to St. John's, May... 
Br. A. L. V. Martinetz, u... 
Braunschweig d. 12 Feb... 
Br. Ernst II. Herzog v... 



* Merzdorf 's rendering of the Russian. 



No. 


Page 


26 


26 


452 


184 


470 


190 


116 


59 


681 


256 


233 


97 


441 


177 


218 


92 


588. 


232 


545 


220 


575' 


229 


41 


33 


49 


37 


505 


205 


691 


260 


333 


129 


491 


199 


278 


112 


279 


112 


59 


40 


58 


40 


202 


84 


255 


104 


359 


139 


366 


143 


•350 


134 


17 


22 


296 


117 


315 


122 


265 


109 


256 


105 


.98 


82 


253 


103 


533 


216 


301 


119 


605 


210 


428 


169 


149 


67 


267 


no 


261 


107 


260 


106 


39 


33 


47 


36 


371 


145 


391 


152 



314 



INDEX: LEGENDS. 



No. 
Britannia... Centenary, 472 

Broedertrouw, 214 

Bro. Geo. Washington... 307 
Bruxelle.'i 5757, 206 

Brvnsvicvm Germania, 361 

Brvnsvigaed.12.Pebr. 5744, 368 
Brvnsvigaed.12.Febr. 5744, 373 
By the M. W. Gr. Lodge,,. 711 
C. A. 52 

C. A. Boettiger, Nat. viii... 4 
Candeur, 570 

Car. Avg. Boettigervs. . . 3 

Caritas nos vocat, 249 

Carl Gross- Herzog von... 405 
Carolus D. G. Regn. Svec...436 
Carolvs L. B. ab Hund et... 45 
Carolus Princeps Hassiae, in 
Carolus Sackville, Magister.. i 
Carolus XIII. Rex Sve. etN.. 438 
Carolus XIV. Johannes. , . . 439 
Carolus XV. Rex Sve. et. . . 442 
C. A. S. 547 

Celebrandis solemnibvs, 361 

Centenary, 1857, 487 

Centenary, 1865, 483 

Centenary... Economy, 462 

Centenary Royal Cumb... 461 
Centennial, i876(DePayens), 105 
Centennial, 1876 (St.Alban), 102 

322 
40 

369 

i 
667 

125 

23s 
18 

519 
406 

441 

696 

700 
209 
100 

310 

294 

426 

149 

34 
593 

79 
445 
492 



Central City, Syracuse 
Ceremonie funeb. loej... 
CF, 

Chambre des Entrepren... 
Chap.deli-D-M. du Choix.. 
Chap. Isis-Montyon, V. de. . , 
Charge de la Maconnerie, 
Charitas nos vocat, 666, 
Charite, 

Charite, egalite, 
Charite, union, sagesse, 
Charta Fratr. Col. Agrip... 
Christianus Frider. Ewert, 
Christ.. .von Nettelbladt... 
C. L. 

Clark Commandery, No. 7, 
Clinton Commandery... 
Coeunt in foedera dextrae, 
Coeur de Lion Comman'y, 
Columbia Commandery, 
Columbian Commandery... 
Columbian Lodge.... 
Comite non duce, 
Commandeurs du Mont... 
Concordia erexit, stabilivit.. 
Concordia Fratrum, 

Concordia liberalitate 

Concordia unione, 
Concordia Univer. Callao... 



Page 

190 

90 

120 

87 
140 
144 
146 
267 

38 

16 

227 

"5 
102 

158 

173 

35 

56 

14 

»75 

176 

177 

221 

140 

197 

195 

188 

188 

55 

54 

■25 

33 

144 

251 

99 

49 

254 

249 

133 
62 
98 

23 
211 

'59 
177 

262 

263 

93 

54 

263 

121 

117 

168 

67 

31 

233 

48 

180 

200 



Concordia, Veritas, 
Concorditer et constanler, 
Confratern. S. Ernesti. .. 
Coiijunge juvabit, 1747, 
Connubia scientiarum, . . . 
Conseil de la Clemente... 
Conseil de la Clemente... 
Conseil des G. Ch. El... 
Conseil des G. Ch. El... 
Conservons sa fraicheur, 
Consociare amat, 
Consociare amat, 
Consociare amat, 

Constance Eprouvee 

Constantia meruere lumen, 
Constantia meruere lumen, 
Constantia meruere lumen, 
Constituee a I'O. de Paris, 
Constituee I'an 5763, Lyon, 
Constituee le 25 7bre 5783, 
Constituee par le G.O.S785, 
Constituee par le G.O.5802, 
Constituee par le G.O.5605, 
Constituted by Warrant... 
Constituted June 15, 1819, 
Conventvm fratr. lib... 
Corner Stone laid.... 
Comer Stone laid...G. L.. 
Cosmopolit. Rautenkranz... 
Creeel'annee 5816, 

C. S. V. Br. 

Cte. Decazes elu T. P. S... 

Cypher, * 

Cyrene Commandery.... 

D. 12. Oct. 1841, 

D. 24 Septemb. 5743, 
D. 27. lulii 1787, 
Damascus Commandery, 
Das gantze geheimnus. 
Das gebasude der III.... 
Dass das Heilige.... 
Das vermsehlviigs fest, 
Decerne a.... 
Decimi Ivstri festvm 
Dedicated June 24, 1874.... 
Dedicated Sept. 26, A. D.... 
Dedicated September 26.... 
Dedicated Sepr. 23, 1819, 
Dei donum, 

De la Parfaite Unionf. .. 
De leurs travaux naitra. . . 
Dem andenken....Gotha.... 
Dem Furstenund Freimau... 
DemH. W. Pr. u Dir. G.... 



* This cypher is illegible ; other cyphers 
are given in their corresponding letters. 

t This Legend properly begins L.-. See 
Note on 251, p. 295, 



No. 


Page 


'55 


66 


381 


149 


16 


21 


394 


'54 


107 


55 


51 


37 


668 


250 


80 


48 


605 


237 


60 


41 


118 


60 


621 


240 


622 


241 


121 


60 


250 


102 


251 


103 


650 


246 


245 


lOI 


545 


220 


166 


73 


70 


44 


160 


71 


75 


46 


681 


256 


17 


22 


18 


23 


7" 


266 


712 


267 


39> 


153 


611 


238 


13 


20 


231 


96 


678 


255 


300 


118 


366 


143 


II 


19 


357 


137 




263 


420 


165 


385 


146 


42 


34 


354 


136 


643 


244 


690 


259 


2§7 


"5 


285 


114 


284 


114 


259 


106 




196 


251 


'03 


58 


40 


390 


>52 


405 


158 


46 


36 



No. 

Dem Ixxx. geburtstage 418 

Dem stifter der Loge, 43 

Dem unvergesslichen seine.. 406 
Dem verdienste seine kronen, 410 
Dem 50 iahrigen M. Maurer. . 43 
Denkmal am lebens pfade... 397 
Der Freymseuer, 420 

Der Gr. L. L. v. Deutschl.. 358 
Der Herr hat den arzt.... Note 
Der Hochsterl. u. Hochstw.. 360 
Der Maurerischen Morgen... 399 
Der weisheit. u : tugend, 397 
Des Kaisers, 423 

Des Neuf Soeurs, 58 

Detroit Commandery, 308 

Detroit Commandery, 697 

Deugd, zy, uw cieraad, 302 

Deugd, zy, uwcieraad, 709,710 
Deus meumque jus, 172 

Deus meumque jus, 231 

Deus meumque jus, 606 

Devouement, 570 

Devouement, courage... 254 

Devouement, humanite... 665 
Devouraent, savoir.... 634 

De Witt Clinton, G. M., 288 
Die Bruderkette von 1862, 513 
Die Dankbaren Soehne des.. 399 
Die iii. Decembris. mdcccxiii, 401 
Die ger. u.v. St. J. A-- 3.. 376 
Die ger...zur Weissen... 409 

Die g.v. u. V. A zur Saeule.. 20 
Die Loge Carl z. Felsen, 514 

Diente dem Vaterlande 44 

Die tugend siegt, 5791, 23 

Dieu, I'empereur, les clames,252 
Dieu, I'honneur & la patrie, 221 
Die wahrheit leuchtet ewig.. 378 

Die xiii lanuarii 430 

Die 12 Jfan. Deus nos omnes..2i2 
Dignissimae, 353 

Dignissimo Magist. Ord... no 
Directoire de Bourgogne, 30 
Discipvlis gavdens et priscae.. 4 
Dispersit superbos, 242 

Doch der Segen kommt von. . 5 10 
Doctor Joseph Piza, 512 

Dominus illuminatio mea, 450 
Dr. Elisha Kent Kane, the.. 291 
Du chene et du tonibeau, 404 
Dum repetet subitam.... 
D. v. lulii. ..Hercules... 
D. xiv. Julii cioiacccxiii. . . 
D. xxiv Dec. mdcclxxxiii, 
D. 15 Mai 1754, 
D. 15 Mai 1854, 
D. xxvii. April, mdcclxxxv, 
D. xxviii lanuar. mdccxlvi. 



212 
47 
415 
435 
407 
407 
385 
392 



Page 

164 

34 

161 

35 

138 
139 
156 
•55 
167 
40 
120 
262 
119 
266 

75 
96 

237 
227 
104 
249 
242 

"S 
209 
156 
157 
147 
160 

24 
209 

35 

25 

103 

94 

148 

171 

89 

135 

56 

29 

16 

100 

208 

208 

182 

116 

158 

36 
163 
173 

159 
160 

151 

•53 



INDEX: LEGENDS. 



3JS 



No. Page i 

East Grinstead halfpenny.... 68 44 ' 
EC, 523 2131 

E D M, 74 46 ! 

Edtgo, 444 179 ; 

E^cnis propitior nullus, 429 170 1 

E^oeimi pan.. ..(Greek) 363 141 i 
Ehre den frauen, sie.... 412 162 | 

Eingeweiht am 25 Aug.... 382 149 • 
Einigkeit umschlinge das.... 375 146 
Ein zweiter phoenix.... 42 34 

E.J. 8. *. 32, 114 58 

Elevee a I'O d'Hanovre.... 395 154 
Elle unit les hommes, 78 48 

Ella unit les hommes, 121 60 

Elle unit les hommes, 140 65 

Elu a I'unanimite.... 198 83 

Empire Francais, 182 77 

Emulesd'Hirani.... 157 70 

Emules d'Hiram.... 627 241 

Enfans d'Hiram.... 538,539 219 
Engraved by W.J. Taylor... 261 106 

E. P. 585 231 
E pluribus unum, 705 265 
Erected 1826, demolished... 288 115 
Erection d'un Temple.... 211 89 
Er ist d. Mslrs. ruf u.... 366 143 
Erkentenis...Broedertrouw.. 214 90 
Ernst II. Aug... Friedrich... 390 152 
Er wird ihn unterweisen, 424 167 

Esperance et Cordialite 508 206 

Estrella de Occidenle.... 331 128 

Et dementia instaurata, 441; 180 

Et erit merces copiosa, 

Etemite, Constance, 

Elemite, Constance, 

Et extitit lux. Gen. i . 

Etna 181 7, 

Et non fvcata amicitia... 

Et pacem damns 

Et se taire, 

Eugene De Facqz,... 194 to I 

Eugene De Facqz, Gr. M 201 

Excelsior, No. 216, 

Ex lumine artes amicitia, 

Ex summa, 

Extrait du Discours... 

Ex vulnere decor, 

Fabre Paiaprat, (cypher) 

Fabre Paiaprat, (cypher) 

Facies Supremi eadem, 

Faithftil, 85, — 

FATAL, 320 

Favete Unguis, 12 

Favete Unguis, 372 

Favete Imguis, 373, 374 

Favste, feliciter, prospere, 203 

F. C. 109 
F. D. M. Magister Supr.... 392 



366 
214 
390 
424 
508 

331 
445 
71 
164 
236 
430 

13 

674 

34 



306 
126 
108 
496 
414 

255 
256 

9 



45 
72 
98 

171 

213 

20 

252 

30 
82 

83 

120 

62 

55 
201 

163 
105 
105 

18 
196 
124 

19 
145 
146 

84 

55 

"53 



No. 
Fd. Sept. 20, as No. 8.... 302 
Federation desD M.Paris... 151 
FelicUsimo foederi...Belgic.. 215 
Felix nos tenet copula, 403 

Ferd. Gorlich, Log. Mstr. 409 
Ferdinand Dvx Bruns. et.... 7 
Festival de St Maximin, 625 

FeteSeculaireanniversaire... 573 
F. F. 517 

Fiat lux, • 146 

Fiat lux, 152 

Fiat lux et lux facta est, 185 
Fidei speique amantissimo... 187 
Fides, spes, charitas, 295 

Fine Art Exposition.... 321 

First in war, first in peace... 267 
First Master John Meyer, 302 
Flendi copia dives, 434 

F. L. 27 

F. L. v. Vieregge 419 

Foi, esperance, charite, 156 

Fondation de la L. d'Elisa... 506 
Fondee en 5649, 565, 566 

Fondee le He mois de.... 604 
Fondee 5797, 507 

Fonde par le V. F. Esprit.... 146 
Force, beaute, sagesse, 222 

For find i sond^sskolen. Note 
Fortior quo rectior, — 

Fortitude, prudence, justice, 275 
Foundation, 1753, 474 

Founded for the reception.... 481 
Franc, ad Moen, 34 

Francisc. II. Avgvstvs, — 

Francs Juges, 534 

Fran ken bergio qui per. ... 389 
Fralernite, morale, charite, 618 
Fratribus Liberae Virtus, 213 
Fratr. insig. et dilect.... 481 

Fratrum Moderatori.... 384 

Freder. Pr. svmmo mag — 203 
Frederic Pr. des Pays-bas, 205 
Fredk, Duke of York, 66 

Free-mason's Hall, A. L... 259 
Freres associes par.... 675 

Fridericus Freese a consiliis.. 5 1 7 
Fridericvs II Borvss. Rex.... 365 
Fridericvs Princeps Regni... 361 
Frid. Guil. Comes.... 401 

Frid. Gvil. Lvd. Princeps... 364 
Frid. Otto Bohmann.... 433 

Fridrich zum goldenen.... 378 
Fnedericus Augustus.... 356 

Friedrich Kronprinz von.... 362 
Fundada en 20 de Set.... 492 
Furst und Maurer.... 385 

Fvndata vli calend. Decern.. 16 
F. z. G. 403 



Page 

119 

68 

9J 

157 

160 

17 

241 

228 

210 

67 

69 

7! 

78 
117 
125 
110 
119 
172 

28 
i6s 

70 
205 
226 
236 
206 

67 

94 
181 

250 
112 
191 
194 

30 
260 
216 
152 
240 

90 
194 
150 

84 

86 

43 
106 

253 
210 
142 
140 

157 
142 
172 
147 
137 
140 
200 

151 
21 

157 



No. Page 

G. 387-388 151 

Gallant Nelson.... — 258 

Gde □ H-D-M. en France, 240 99 

Geb. d. XV. Febr. 1779.... 406 159 

Geb. D. 2. July. 1724.... — 170 

Geb. z Altona d. 28.... 512 208 

Gefeiert am 16 Mai, 1856, 391 153 

Gegrundet den 12 August... 351 134 

General Lafayette, N. Y... 280 113 

General Lafayette, 1757.... 281 113 

Genio Leibnitii, 395 154 

Geo : A : F : P : Wall :... 262 107 

Geo. Prince of Wales.... 65 43 

George, Prince of Wales, 64 43 

George Washington, 266 109 

George Washington, 270,271 III 

George Washington, 705 265 

George Washington, born.... 269 1 11 

Georg V. v. G. g. Koenig... 396 155 

Gestiftet den 29 luni.... 691 260 

Globe Lodge established.... 468 190 

Gluck der ehe, 411 161 

Gluckliche vergangenheit... 376 147 

Gn. Jh. An. de Stassart, 190 80 

Gn. Jh. An. de Stassart, 192, 193 82 

Gn. Jh. An. de Stassart, 200 83 

Gnothi seauton, (Greek) 443 178 

Gnolhi seauton, (Greek) 561 225 

G. O. de France, recomp.... 587 231 

G. O. 5777. Ecoss-Phil.... 119 60 

Gottfned Jacob Jaenisch.... no 56 

Gott verbindet, lieilet.... 447 181 

Goury, Aude, Gabboria 506 205 

Grande Loge Nationale 508 206 

Grand Lodge Canada, 26 26 

Grand Lodge.. ..England, 329 128 

Grand Master's Lodge.... 457 186 

Grand Orient de Belgique, J99 83 

Grand Orient de la Belgique, 207 87 

Granted by the Earl of Z... 486 197 

Gr. Or. de Belgique, 198 83 

G. Sphinx, 173, 174 75 

G. v. H. A. O. Reichard.... 390 152 

Gvil. Fred. Car. Nederl.... 203 84 

G. Washington President.... 264 109 

H, 563 226 

HAB, 489 198 

Halsemdccxliv d. xxiv Ivn... 13 20 

Halfpenny pay able... Cork... 263 108 

Hamburgi, 9 18 

Hamburgi, 1742, 107 55 

Hambvrgi 5745, 108 55 

Harraonia honor hum.. 122, 123 61 

Harmonia honor hum.. 529, 530 215 

Havd diminvto splendore, 439 176 

H. de P. C. No. I. 105 54 

Heinrich...Von Zeschau.... 44 35 

He is in glory, the world... 265 109 



3i6 



INDEX-: LEGENDS. 





No. 


Page 


Hem bestrale steeds het.... 


24 


25 


Herculano Afre, 


330 


128 


Hermit Commandery.... 


328 


123 


Herzog Maximilian lulius. . 


38s 


150 


Het vijf en twintig.... 


494 


201 


Hie labor, 


10 


19 


Hie pacem mutuo damns... 


• 674 


252 


Hie posuere locum.... 


676 


253 


Hier. Guil....Eschenbach.. 


, — 


260 


Hinc forma viresqiie. 


II 


19 


Hinc harmonia mundi, 


249 


102 


Hinc harmonia mundi, 


667 


249 


His splendor facvltas. . . . 


368 


144 


Hoeret auch fortan der. . . . 


377 


147 


Holiness to the Lord, 


38 


32 


Hollandsche Loge Staat.... 


302 


119 


HoUandsche Lege..., 7og 


,710 


266 


Holmiae adomata.... 


443 


178 


Holy Sepulchre Comm'y... 


3" 


121 


Hommage a Salomon, 


226 


95 


Hommage de FFF. Mag... 


85 


49 


Hommage de FFF. Mag... 


86 


50 


Honi soit qui mal. ... 455, 


456 


186 


Honneur a la vertu. 


679 


256 


Honor, 


77 


47 


Honorable testimonial of. . . 


451 


183 


Honour God, 




197 


Hopkins Lodge No. 180.... 


301 


119 


Horum unione fundata. 


206 


86 


H. R. H. Aug. Fred.... 


261 


106 


H. R. H. Fred'k Duke of. 


•259 


106 


H. R. H. P.. .Sussex.... 


260 


106 


H. T. W. S. S. T. K. S. 


305 


119 


H. T. W. S. S. T. K. S. 


306 


120 


H. T. W. S. S. T. K. S. 


694 


261 


Hulde der Broederschap, 


24 


25 


Hulde voor strijd en.... 


500 


203 


Humanite, 


'54 


69 


Hvmanite, 


153 


69 


I cannot tell a lie. 


267 


no 


I : C . A : Theden K : Pr :. 


• 357 


137 


Ich bin Joseph euer Bruder, 


Note 


167 


Ich dien. 


63 


43 


Ich dien. 


453 




\. C. S. 


422 


166 


Idem velle, idem nolle. 


5 


16 


Ignavum fucos pecus a.... 


24s 


lOI 


Ihrem geliebten und.... 


S>o 


208 


Ihr werdet d. wahrheit.... 


363 


141 


I. H. S. 


314 


122 


I. H. S. 


323 


125 


lUos ad veram lucem.... 


74 


46 


11 renait de ces cendres. 


167 


73 


lis ne battront que pour la. . 
I. M. M. D. 25, 466, 


232 


97 


8 


18 


Immemorial Constitution, 


458 


187 


Immortalitati Ordinis. . . . 


466 


180 


In anerkennung segens.... 


"5 


58 



Inaug. du temp.... Mens, 
Inaugurated 14 April.... 
Inauguration du temple. 
In augustos principum.... 
In der Stamm-a Pforte.... 
In hoc signp vinces, 
In hoc signo vinces, loj 
In hoc signo vinces. 
In hoc signo vinces. 
In hoc signo vinces, 
Init'd in....Md., Nov. 4.... 

Init'd in Virginia, 

Initiatvs Berolini.... 

In legibus sal us. 

In mem. anni jubilsei.... 

In mem. des. et fel. nat.... 

In niemoriam, (cypher) 

In memoriam natalis anni. . . 

In principio erat Sermo 

I. N. R. I. (cypher) 

I. N. R. I. 

I. N. R. I. 

I. N. R. I. 

I. N. R. L 

Insighe membrorum.... 

Installation of H. R. H.... 

Installed mdccclxxv. 

Institvti magni..Batavcs,... 

Inst, de la Gr.. L. d'Adm... 

Instruunt et ornant. 

Inter publ. gaudia ex 

Inter utramque tene. 

In te speravi. 

In tesseram constantiae et.... 

In the Lord is all our trust. 

In the Lord we put our. . . . 

In Zions zeit.... 

loh. a Bierken R. Sv.... 

lohann Carl Broenner.... 

lohannes d. Evang. z 

lohann Michael Pal mie.... 

lohann .... EUenberger. . . . 

lohann . . . .EUenberger., . . 

loh. Chr. Ant. Theden.... 

loh. Gottl. Ehmbsen.... 

lour de naissance du.... 

Isis Montyon, 

Italiae Galliarvmq. . . . 

Itinere concordi, 

1. T-R-S-T-A. N.... 

lubel der wachsenden □.... 

lubelfeier am lohannisfeste. . . 42 

Ivncto conatv, 

IX. Octobr. I. F. 

I. Z. E. 

Jacob Friedrich Langerfeldt. . 370 

Jas. Livingston, Esq.... 

J. D. G. ff. 



No. 


Page 


217 


92 


452 


184 


346 


133 


441 


177 


399 


156 


17 


22 


105 


54 


313 


122 


69s 


261 


696 


262 


270 


III 


271 


III 


364 


142 


168 


73 


439 


176 


430 


170 


27 


28 


493 


200 


262 


108 


185 


78 


314 


122 


323 


125 


343 


132 


524 


216 


367 


144 


454 


'!5 


453 


184 


204 


85 


205 


86 


34 


3r 


431 


171 


426 


168 


509 


207 


381 


149 


32 


29 


240 


100 


447 


181 


434 


172 


46 


36 


382 


149 


363 


141 


358 


138 


360 


139 


Note 




— 


162 


352 


13s 


81 


48 


50 


37 


417 


164 


239 


99 


23 


25 


■ 42 


34 


16 


21 


404 


158 


410 


161 


370 


«45 


307 


1 20 


367 


143 



J.E. 

Je suis tout ce qui a.... 

Jeton de Presence, 

Jeton de Presence, 

Jeton de Presence, 

Jeton de Presence, 

Jeton de Presence, 

Jeton de Presence, 

J. H. B. 

J. Henry Gercke, 

JHR P. G. C. Van Geusau.. 

J. J. Regis Cambaceres.... 

Jnstalle par le G. O. . . . 

Jnst. de la Gr. L.... 

Joseph Augustin Crassous, 

Jos. Franc. Oscar. Pr.... 

J. Raucher, 1819, 

Jules Anspach V. M. en eh. 

Juncti roborantur, 161, 

Juncti roborantur, 

Juncti roborantur, 

Juncti roborantur, 

Jurist, legist. M. 

Juventas et patrius vigor, 

Kadosh Commandery.... 

King Solomon sent and.... 

Klein im entstehen, 

Klopstock, 

Knights Templar reunion, 

K. S. 30. 5834, 

Kvnst und Gewerk..., 

La bienfaisance les unit.... 

Laborem cum palma mutavit, 

Laboris assidui premium.... 

Laboris. assidui. premium. 

Laboris fulcimentum.... 

Labor omnibus unus, 

Labor, .silentium, libertas. 

La Concorde, 

L. A. de Gvionneav.... 

La douce et confiante.... 

La douce et confiante 

La douce et confiante. . . . 
La Fidele Maconue, 
La force, qui jamais.... 
La Fratemite Progressive, 
Lagom (Greek), 
Lake city, Fla. 
Lake city Lodge No. 27, 
Lao. au... Anspach.... 
La Loge de I'Union, 
Laio et le Chap, de la Part. . 
La Mag vivra f Dieu le veut. 
La Mag vivra.... 192, 

La Magonnerie survit a.... 
L'Amitie, les Arts, les.... 
L'Amitie, les Arts, les.... 
La mort meme ne 'en a pas. . . 



No. 


Page 


243 


100 


535 


218 


83 


49 


243 


100 


560 


225 


564 


226 


611 


238 


623 


241 


68 


44 


286 


114 


500 


203 


54 


38 


129 


63 


205 


86 


229 


96 


440 


176 


610 


11 


209 


162 


71 


169 


73 


170 


74 


601 


236 


229 


96 


440 


176 


298 


118 


307 


120 


"3 


57 


— 


170 


105 


55 


SI 


37 


691 


260 


341 


131 


442 


'77 


22 


24 


251 


103 


87 


50 


596 


234 


107 


55 


234 


97 


359 


'39 


53 


38 


80 


48 


60s 


237 


646 


245 


676 


253 


582 


230 




178 


290 


116 


2go 


116 


210 


88 


206 


86 


218 


92 


191 


80 


196 


82 


189 


79 


136 


64 


137 


65 


99 


53 



INDEX: LEGENDS. 



317 



No. 
312 

593 

56. 

. 186 



Lancaster Commandery 

LAP, 

L'Areo...clu Parfait Silence, 
LaR. L...de Marie Louise.. 
La R. L... Reunion des Elr.. 186 
La R. L...Trinitaires.... 222 
La R. □ L'Amitie...Nem.. 
La R. M....St. Alexandre, 
LaT. II. Gr. □Cent.... 

Latomorum in mansione 

L. C. D. M. F. A. N. 

L. Chap. Ec. des Amis.. Paix. 238 

L. Chap. Ec. des Amis Bien.. 230 

L. Ch. des Amis Triomphants, — 

L. Ch. de St. Autoine du.... 338 

L. Ch. et Ar.... du Phoenix, 167 

LD A, 

L. de Joseph la Concorde 

L. de la Constance Couron.. 

L. de I'Amitie Fraternelle.. 

L. de la Parfaite Union de.. 

L. de la Perseverance Cou. 

L. de la Perseverance.... 

L. de la Reunion des Amis... 395 

L. de la Rose Etoilee Reg. 60 

L. de la S. et P. Union 

L. de I'Asile du Sage 

L. de la Sincere Amitie, 

L. de la Trinite, 

L. del'Emeth, Rit.... 

L. de I'Epi d'Or, 

L. de I'Union de Famille, 

L. de I'Union, O. de Paris, 

L. de I'Union Parfaite de. . . 

L. des Amis de la Paix, 142, 143 

L. des Amis Incorruptibles. . . 73 

L. des Amis Reunis.. Rouen.. 

L. des Artistes Reunis.... 

L. des Arts Reunis, 

L. des Coeurs Reunis. . . . 

L. des Coeurs Unis, 

L. des Disciples de St. Vt... 

L. des Freres Unis, 176, 

L. des Freres Unis, 

L. des Freres Unis, 

L. des Freres Unis Intimes. . 

L. des Philonomes, 

L. des Rigides Observ 

L. de St, Auguste de la 



533 

54 

588 

392 
425 



336 

S°3 

152 

84 

22 

94 
656 



88 

554 
219 
166 
339 
■58 
171 

340 
246 



116 

97 
117 
117 
154 
177 
590 
59' 
589 
611 
232 
146 



L. de St, J. de I'Union des.. 30 
L. D. L'Amitie.... 

L. D. L. Clemeute 

L. D. P. S. 

L. D. S. C. D. T.... 133. 

L. D. St. J. S, L 

L. D. St. J. S. I 

L. du Centre des Amis, 



L. du Feu Sacre, 



593 
52 
573 
134 
182 
604 
603 
90 



Page 
121 

234 
225 

78 
78 

94 
216 

39 
232 

153 
168 

98 

96 
256 
130 

73 
130 
204 

69 

49 
24 

52 
247 

•54 
41 
50 

223 

93 
72 

'3° 

70 

74 
131 

lOI 

66 
45 
52 
59 
52 
59 
59 
69 
76 
233 
233 

2-?2 
238 

97 
67 
29 

234 
38 

228 
64 

77 
236 
236 

50 



No. 
L. Ec. des Imitateurs d'.... 77 
Le Contrat Soc. et St. Alex.. 131 
L. Ecossaise de Jerusalem. . . . 244 
L. Ecoss. des Militaires. . . . 237 
Le Cte Honore Muraire, 233 
L. E. D. S. A. O. D. P. 133, 13s 

Le F. Membre... 245 

Legitime fiindata, 6go 

Le Gouvt de la Fr. Mag. . . . 496 
Le Parfait Silence Areopag... 545 
Le S. Chap, des 7 Ecoss.... 156 

Les Fid. Ecoss 524 

Les Liberaux Beiges, Note 

Les Mac. Franc, a Fr... 
Les Ma. reconnaissans.. 

Le Souv. Chap, d' Arras 600 

Les RR. LL. Ecos. au Rit... 613 



59 
1,75 



Les traitres seront punis.... 534 

L. et Chap. D'Isis 79 

Le Temple de la Verite, — 

Le 13 Janvier 1810, — 

Le 30 Avril, 1871,... Hotel... 150 
Le 30 Avril, i87i,...Bastile, 151 

Le 30 Avl. 1871, la plus 248 

Le 30 Avl. 1871.... 626 

L. Franc, et Ecc. des.... 144 

L. Fr. Mur. exs. S. Eduard, 434 
L'Heureuse .Alliance.... 221 

L. laehrige lubelfeier. . . . 416 

Liaison sans pareille, 404 

Liber. Fratr. Architect 466 

Liberorvm qvi in Regno.... 216 
Liberte, egalite, 622 

Liberte, egalite, fratemite, 31 
Liberte, egalite, fratemite, 116 
Liberte, egalite, fratemite, 598 
Liberte, paix, egalite, 5793, 344 
Liberte, verite, humanite, 545 
Liens de la Parfaite Aniilie, 629 

L. Imperiale des Francs 252 

LL. Fr. Muratores, 441 

Lodge of Antiquity, acting... 455 
Lodge of Lights, 148, 483 

Lodge of Loyalty. . . . 484 

Lodge Rising Star.... 481 

Lodge Star in the East.... 488 
Lodge St. Clair,.... 328 

Loge Archimedes zu den.... 351 
Loge Chapitrale des Arts.... 343 
Loge d'Anacreon.... 136, 137 
Loge de la Candeurde Lyon, 536 
Loge de la Constance Epr... 70 
Loge de I'Aigle.... 141 

Loge de I'Amenite, 124 

Loge de I'Amitie, 507 

Loge de la Parfaite Egalite, 91 
Loge dela Paifaite Vnion.... 250 
Loge de la Sincerite, 5804, 348 



Page 
47 
63 
loi 

98 

64 
Id 

259 

201 

220 

70 

214 

80 

40 

76 

235 

239 

216 

48 
260 

25' 

68 

68 

102 

241 

66 

172 

93 
163 
■58 
189 

9> 
241 
29 
59 
235 
132 
220 
242 

103 
177 

•85 
'95 
'95 
194 
198 
127 
134 
132 
64 
218 

44 

66 

61 

206 

5' 

102 

133 



No. Page 

Loge de Saint Claude.... 241 100 

Loge des Amis Reunis, 254 104 

Loge des Amis Triom 145 66 

Loge des Arts et I'Amilie, 29 28 

I^ge des Arts Reunis.... 93 51 

Loge des Arts Reunis.... 98 53 

Loge des Neuf Soeurs. .. . 57 40 

Loge de St. Eugene.. .Paris, 75 46 

Ixige de St. J. de la Pales... 76 46 

Loge du Parfait Accord, 345 132 

Loge Jean de la Fontaine,... 71 44 

Loge Jerusalem Kcossaise, 243 100 

Loge Reguliere de la.... 546 221 

Loge Reguliere de la Sin.... — 217 

London and Middlesex 63 43 

Longe et prope, 507 206 

L'Ordre de H-D-M.... 239 99 

Loyal Britons Lodge, 263 108 

L. P. Due de Chartres.... 607 237 

L. P. S. 3 381 148 

L. R. du Parfait Silence.... 540 219 

L. R. □ des Hosp. de St... 660 248 

L. R. □ St. A. du Parfait... 598 235 

L. St. Victor des Amis.... 179 76 

Luce fida et constante, 436 174 

Ludov. xvi. Rex Chris.... — 250 

Ludwig Grossherzog von.... 382 149 

Lumen de Lumine, 134, 135 64 

Lumen de Lumine, sceau 495 201 

L'Union Fraternelle.... 665 249 

Lustrun;! introductionis IL... 356 137 

Lux ex tenebns, 342 132 

Lvgd. Batav. d. xxv. Mali... 213 90 

Lys fasthed, sikkerhed. Note 181 

Ln Anglaise, No. 204.... 72 45 

LC] Anglaise, No. 204.... 235 98 

Ln de I'Ocean Francais, 165 72 

□ Amenite 3 H. 29 9bre... 346 133 

□ Bonaparte fondee.... 623 241 

□ Creee 5816. O de Paris, 337 130 

□ de I'Abeille Imperiale.... 139 65 

□ de L'Aigle Francaise, 140 65 

□ de la Constance Epro.... 654 246 

□ de la Parfaite Reunion.... 160 71 

□ de la Philanlropie.... 236 98 

□ de I'Athenee des.. .5819 599 235 

□ de I'Athenee Francais.... 35 31 

□ de la Verite.. .Rouen.... 96 52 

□ de I'Ecole de la Sagesse.. 532 216 

□ de I'Esperance.... 498 202 

□ de Paix et Union.... 220 93 

□ de Saint Louis de France.. 253 103 

□ des Amis Bienfaisants, 223 94 

□ des Amis de la Paix, 28 28 

□ des Coeurs Sinceres.... 215 95 

□ des Coeurs Unis.. .Paris, 138 65 

□ des Coeurs Unis.... 147,148 67 

□ des Disciples de St... 153, 155 69 



318 



INDEX: LEGENDS. 



No. 

□ des Disc. Ec. du Heros... 341 

□ des Eleves de Minerve, 74 

□ des HHH.... 122, 123 

□ des HHH.... 529, 530 

□ de S' Jean du Desert.... 667 

□ de St. Michel.... 242 
I I des Vrais Amis, 497 

□ diNapo.... 505 

□ du Point Parfait..,. 164 

□ du Point Parfait.... 596 

□ Ec. de 1' Olivier Ecossais.. 125 

□ Ecos. de la Parfaite.... 118 

□ Ecossaise Napoleon, 501 

□ et Chap, des Amis.... 224 

□ la Constance Eprouvee.... 95 

□ la Pigneta.... 504 

□ les Pyramides.... 49 

□ Moldav. Calculum.... 19 

□ Oziris outchrej 48 

■ □ Parfaite Harmonic.... 525 

□ Reguliere de la Sincere... 567 

□ Reguliere de la... Lyon, 583 

□ R. les Amis des Arts, 559 

□ Saint Antoine du Parfait. . 597 

□ St. Antoine du Parf.... 55 

□ St. Geprg in Hamburg, 113 

□ S. J. de Jerusalem.... 594 

□ St. PieiTe des Vrais.... 228 

□ zur Eintracht und Stand.. 379 

□ ZVLZW 419 
Made by T. Pope.... 719 
Mag. Eq. Scyth. 1753, 414 
Magister Supremus III.... 394 
Magistro suo...Budissinenses, — 
Magn. ad Supr. Gall.... 606 
Magna est Veritas et.... 267 
Manhattan Commandery.... 313 
Mark Lodge, 306 
Martinvs Folkes, 482 
Marquis of Granby Lodge.... 684 
Mars et les Arts, 178 
Mary, loi 
Mary, 299 
Mary, 698, 699 
Mary Commandery , (Cent'l) loi 
Mary Commandeiy, (Euro'n) 699 
Mary Commandery, (Lanc'r) 299 
Mary Commandery, (Memb.) 698 

Maryland Commandery 25 

Masonic Medalets, No. i.... 36 
Masonic Penny, 1795, 69 

Masonic Temple, Boston, 21 
Masonic Temple, Boston, 269 
Masonic Temple, Boston, 278 
Masonic Temple, NewYork.. 38 
Masonic Temple, (Spring'd) 287 
Masonic Token....* 63 

* See also Notes and Corrections, p. aE 



Page 

131 
46 
61 

215 
249 
100 
202 
205 
72 

61 

59 

203 
95 
52 

204 

37 

23 

36 

214 

226 

231 

225 

23s 

39 

57 

234 

95 

148 

.65 

269 

163 

154 
136 

237 
no 
122 
120 
194 

257 
76 

53 
118 

262 

53 

262 

118 

262 

25 

3' 

44 

24 

III 

"3 

32 

114 

42 



No. Page 

Matth. xxii. vi. 20, 423 167 

M. B. 690 259 

Medaille d'assiduite.... 222 94 

Medaille d'assiduite, 5785, 338 130 

Medalla de Benemerito.... 491 199 

Medina Lodge.... 486 197 

Meklenburgs erste.... 407 159 

Memb. de la R. □ de.... 334 129 

Mens invicta dolis.... 676 253 

Mere Loge Ecossaise.... 131, 132 63 

Merito, 202 84 

Misurati, 446 181 

M. L. E. D. C. S. O. D. P. 130 63 

M. O. M. (Eesangon) 88 50 

M. O. M. (Geneve) 30 29 

Moltschavieni i trudami,* 515 209 

Monument, pietat. Liberor.. in 5" 

Monumentum sedulitati.... 215 91 

Mors et vita, 507 206 

Morton, No. 4, K. T. 314 122 

Mount Vernon Chapter.... 704 265 

M. S. T. 21S 91 

Muhr Free, 444 179 

N. 501 203 

N. 50s 205 

Napoleon IIL Empereur.... 625 241 

Nat. xxii Quinct.... 260 113 

Near to the throne, but.... 261 107 

Neglecta redire virtvs avdet, 369 145 

Nelsonic Crimson Oakes — 258 

Nemo me impune lacesset, 240 99 

Neptune Lodge. ..Centenary, 467 190 

Neu Jerusalem in gros... 444 179 

New Berne, North Carolina, 283 1 14 

New Masonic Hall, 285, 286 1 14 

New Masonic Temple, 2i 24 

New Masonic Temple 279 113 

New Masonic Temple, Phil. . 284 114 

Newstead Lodge Centenary, 682 257 

New York, June 2, 1875, 289 115 

Nichts ist wahrlich so.... 411 161 

Nil nisi clavis deest, 489 199 

Nisi utile quod facimus 630 242 

No. 534 2i6 

Noe de ateurs mirada, 247 102 

Noli turbare circulos, 351 134 

Non est mortale quod.... 466 189 

Non lex sine armis, 619 240 

Non nisi digno.... 400 157 

Non nobis solum, sed toto.... 266 no 

Non nobis solum, set toto.... 291 116 

Non sibi sed suis, 87 50 

North Western Comman.... 315 122 

Nos ivngit fraternvs amor.... 213 90 

Nous donnons la paix.... 674 252 

Nous serons eclaires.... 339 131 

Nous serons eclaires.... 620 240 
* MerzdorPs spelling of die Russian. 



•1735. 



Nova lux oculis effulsit.... 

Nur dem wurdigen 5805, 

Nvptiis Friderici et Soph.... 

O A de Paris.... 1806, 

Ob felic. reunion Mvrar.... 

O. de Cal. 565, 

O. de Chartres, S. F. B. 

O. de la Croix Rousse, 

O. de la Guillotiere Rhone, 

O. de Livourne, 5807, 

O. de Lyon, 

O. de Lyon, 

O. de Lyon, 

O. de Lyon, 

O. de Lyon L. la Candeur.. 

O. de Lyon (Vaise).... 

O. de Lyon 5840, 

O. de Paris... 5 789, 

O. de Provins, 

O. de Rouen, 1822, 

O. de Toumus, 

O. de Valenciennes 

O de Villefranche, 

Odi profanvm wlgvs et.... 

O. di Vdine, 

Oelsner. Wendt.... 

O. Gr. O. de Brasil.... 

Old Dundee, 

Old Masonic Hall, Broad.... 

Old Masonic Hall, N.Y.303, 

Old Masonic Hall. N. Y. 

Olive Branch □ No. 39.... 

Omnes in uno. 

Omnibus unus," 

Omnibus unus. 

Omnibus unus. 

Omnibus unus. 

Omnibus utilis. 

Omnibus utiles, 

Omn. in Germ, vnit Lib.. 

Opera hierophantam.... 

Ora et labora, 

Orbem tenet. 

Or. de Bruxelles, 

Or. de Liege, 5869, 

Or. de Lille, 

Or. de Louviers, 5805, 

Or. de Louviers, 5805, 

Order of Eastern Star, 

O. de Lyon, 5824, 

Or. de Sens, 5777, 

Or. d'lngouville, 

Ordo ab chao, 

Ordo ab chao, 

Ordo. Frat. Mur. Sund... 



No. Page 

501 203 

402 157 

353 13s 

246 lOI 

7 17 

566 226 

89 so 

574 228 

558 225 
501 203 
553 223 
560 225 
564 226 
568 227 
577 229 
562 225 

559 225 
142 60 
221 94 
219 93 
664 249 

22 24 

582 230 

5 16 

505 205 

148 



332 128 

— 196 

36 31 

304 II? 

709 26f 

288 w 



161, 
169, 



182 
162 
170 

172 



601, 602 2; 

93 i 
97.98 
7 
389 I 
691 2 
342 I 
209 

41 
254 

29 
126 
320 
543 
234 
649 

80 
606 
417 



♦This legend (on the revereej wa: 
dentally omitted in the description 
text; see Notes and Corrections. 



INDEX: LEGENDS. 



319 





No. 


Page 


Ordre Royal Hospiter..,, 


— 


254 


Orient de Clermont, 


90 


50 


Orient de Melun, 5825, 


347 


«33 


Orient de Paris, 


56 


39 


Orient de Paris, 


241 


100 


Orient de Rheims, 348 


. 349 


'33 


Orient de Toulouse, 


661 


248 


Orient de Villefranche.... 


34S 


132 


Orient V. Dusseldorf, 


3«6 


151 


Omat et auget, (cypher) 


27 


28 


Oscar II. Rex Svecis, 


443 


178 


Oss och dig til aminnelse, 


432 


172 


Our Father.... 


325 


126 


Our Fatlier.... 702 


703 


264 


Our friendship shall.... 


Note 


16 


Palestine Commandery, 


316 


123 


Palladian Lodge Centenary, 


683 


257 


Parate viam Domini 


5"4 


20g 


Parfaite Reunion, 


184 


78 


Parfaite Union. ..Douay, 


119 


60 


Parfait Silence L. Ch.... 


573 


228 


ParleSer. G. M;... 


217 


92 


Patrick Alstromer Lib.... 


429 


170 


Payable at I. H. Boorman, 


68 


44 


P. B. (Russian), 


•i^i 


209 


P. C. constituted Dec. 28th, 


. 104 


54 


Pectora iungit amor.... 


67s 


253 


Peninsular Commandery, 


323 


125 


Pere de Famille, 


87 


50 


Perit ut vivat, (Besangon) 


88 


50 


Pent ut vivat, (Geneve) 


3° 


29 


Perseverance Lodge No. 21, 


708 


266 


Pet. Nic. S. R. I. Lib.... 


509 


207 


Petrop. D. XVII. M. Jan... 


517 


210 


Philadelphia Commandery.. 


103 


54 


Philantropie, union.... 


238 


99 


Pia hilaritas Latomor... 


393 


'54 


Pietas fratrum, D. R. L. V. 


45 


35 


Pilgrim Commandery.... 


104 


54 


Pittsburgh Commandery 


297 


118 


Point Parfait O. de Paris.... 


342 


'3' 


Por los miembros del.... 


491 


200 


Pose de la premiere pierre, 


64S 


245 


Post... era virtus. 


520 


211 


Post tenebras lux, 


94 


52 


Post tenebras lux. 


'44 


66 


Post tenebras lux, 


223 


94 


Post tenebras lux. 


656 


248 


Pour les Magons il est.... 


244 


100 


P. R. 


184 


78 


Praemia si studio consequar. . 


60 


41 


Praemivm virtvt: et diligent: 


369 


145 


Praesentiae sereniss.... 


109 


56 


Praesentibus, 


1 20 


60 


Free. Mac. Adore.... 


191 


80 


Prec. Mac. Adore.... 193 


197 


82 


Premiere pierre, 


689 


258 


Presence, 


639 


244 



No. 

Presence, 65 1 

Presence, 5872.... 581 

Presidente do Conselho de... 332 

Primum in Germania. ... 112 

Principianostrorvmactvvm.. 18 
Pro bono publico, 68, 69 

Pro bono publico, — 

Pro Deo et patria, 122 

Pro Deo et patria.... 255, 256 

Pro Deo et patria, 529 

Pro Deo et virtute, 594 

Pro opere aut belle, 240 

Pro opere aut bello, 711 

Protectorat Maconnique, 526 

Protectori et per xlv ann. 438 

Protector Ordinis.... 364 

Prudence, Fortitude.... — 

P. Van Humbeeck Gr. M.... 496 

Quaerite et invenies, 133 

Quamvis velata Veritas, 449 

Quezaltenango, 331 

Quid latiras, 34 

Rabboni, loi 

Rabboni, 299 

Rabboni, 698, 699 

Rath kraft u. held, 447 

Real und Armen Schule, 383 

R. Ec. 5844 571 

Reception par la Commune. . 150 

Receptvs in Ordinem, 361 

Recompense a la vertu, 679 

Recompense au zele, 178 

Recompense au zele, 335 

Recompense au zele.... 145 

Recompense du travail, 234 

Recompense Mag.. 199, 200, 201 

Recompense Mac 587 

Reects Deenst Godd.... 444 

Regime rectifie, 56 

Reg. L. L'Asile du Sage.... 555 

Reg. □ de I'Equerre 537 

Reguliere de la Sine... Lyon, 541 

Reisd A. L. 5810.... 302 

Repr. des Travaux.... 166 

Republique Francaise, 31 

Republique Francaise, 83 

Republique Francaise, 150 

Republique Francaise, 248 

Republique Francaise, 626 

Restauravit, 636 

Restoration Lodge.... 475 

Resurgens tenebras.... 188, 189 

Reunion des Entrepreneurs.. — 

Reverenter habe, 446 

Revirescens, 69 ' 

R. Honnorez. ob.... 187 

Rit Ancien et Accepte, 503 

R. L. de la Franchise, 89 



Page 

246 

230 

128 

57 

23 

44 

213 

60 

IDS 
215 

234 

100 
267 
214 

175 

142 

196 
201 

64 

182 
128 

3° 

53 

118 

262 

181 

149 

228 

68 

140 

256 

76 

130 

66 

97 

83 

231 

179 

39 

223 

218 

219 

119 

73 

29 

49 

68 

102 

241 

243 
191 

79 

^5' 
181 

260 

78 
204 

50 



R. L. de la Reunion des.... 159 
R. L. del'EquerreetCom.... — 
R. L. des Amis des... 565, 566 
R. L. des Amis Reunis.... 592 
R. L. de Simplicit...Lyon, 548 
R. L. Ecossaise de Simpli.... 549 
R. L. Ecoss. Parf. Egalite... 526 
R. L. Etoile et Compas, 568 
R. L. Imperiale Carolina.... 502 
R. L. les Chevaliers du.... 560 
R. L. les Chev. du... 550, 551 
R. L. L'Etoile Polaire, 553 

R. Loge Ecossaise D'Jsis... — 
R. Loges Mag.-. Or.-, du.... 575 
R. □ de Bienfaisance.... 542 
R. □ de Bienfaisance.... 574 
R. □ de la Concorde, 664 

R. □ des Amis de la.... 571 

R. □ des Amis Philan... 209, 210 
R. □ des Amis Philan.... 211 
R. izi Ecossaise des Amis.... 579 
Romae, A. L. 5742, 482 

Royal Alpha Lodge, 459 

Royal Inverness L^dge, 458 

Royal Masonic Institution.... 485 
Royal Somerset House.... 458 
Royal York... Perseverance, 464 
R. P. □ Mercureet Them... 335 
Sacra Latomorvmin Regno.. 365 
Saccular Feier... Berlin, 362 

Saccular Feier Magdeburg, 403 
Sagesse, bonte, force, 506 

Sagesse, force, beaute, 77 

Sagesse, union, charite, 72 

Sagesse, humanite, union, 172 
Saint Paul's. ..Centenary, 469 
S. Albano. inter. Anglos.... 460 
Sapere avde, 427 

S. A. S. le Prince Camba.... 183 
S. Bochijeju Pomeshschi*... 515 
S. C. de I'Ecole de.... 127, 128 
S. C. des Amis Indivisibles.. 129 
S. C. E. de la R. □ Eco.... 535 
Scholae Murar. Libb.... 369 

Scrutari periculum, 414 

Secvlaria a Sodalitate trivm. 365 
Secvra fratrvm felicitas, 355 

Semper junctae, 171 

Semper ubique, 294 

Sept Ecossais Reunis.... 53 

Septembr. 24, 1843, 113 

Septemtrio oriens, 439 

Servavit regia nata, 431 

S. H. Y. 5785, 642 

Sic attoUent uniti, 206 

Sic omat justitia suos, 5 17 

Sic virtus resurgit, 504 

* Merzdorf s spelling of the Russian. 



No. Page 



71 
222 
226 

233 
221 
221 

214 
227 
204 
225 
222 
223 
218 
229 
220 
228 
249 
228 

88 

89 

230 

194 
187 
187 

19s 
187 
188 
129 
143 
141 
'58 
205 

47 

45 

75 

190 

187 

168 

77 

209 

62 

63 
217 

145 
163 
143 
136 

74 
117 

38 

57 
176 
171 
244 

87 
210 
204 



320. 



INDEX: LEGENDS. 



Siehe der Pallast ist zur.... 
Si fodieris invenies, 130, 131 
~ 133. 



No. 

132 
13s 

535 
'74 

52' 
564 
581 

569 
15 
61, 62- 

67 

77 

4SP 

489 

57 

427 



Si fodieris invenies. 
Si fodieris invenies, 
Silence, amitie, bien... 173 
Silence, amitie, bien.... 
Simplicite Constance, 
Simplicite Constance, 
Sincere amitie. 
Sit lux et lux fuit, 
Sit lux et lux fuit, 
Sit lux et lux fuit. 
Sit- lux et lux fuit. 
Sit lux et lux fuit. 

Sit tibi scire satis 

Si virtus absit,' nihil ipsa.., 
Societas Aletophilorvm.... 
Societe bienfaisant, — 

Socio per X lustra lib. fratres, 519 
Soc. Mvrar. constit. Brvns... 5 
Soc. Mvrar. fvnd. Brvns.... 5 

Soc. Murar. Habit, iii 414 

Socrates □ No. 595.... 282 

Sodalitas Latomorum Ham.. 112 
So gebt dera Kaiser, was.... 423 
Solidarite fratemite, 243 

Solidarite Or. de Givors, 576 

Solis et rivi lieneficio 369 

Solomon's Lodge, No. r, 300 
Sophia Albertina princeps... 435 
Souv. Chap, des Arts.... 655 
Souvenir de I'Inauguralion.. 507 
Souvenir de Reconnaisance. .211 
Souvenir du F. Brichaut, 41 
Souvenir de 29 Avril, 5871, 31 
Souvenir fraternel, 217 

S. Sie C. A. G. Due de.... 613 
St. Alban Commandery, .'..'. 102 
St. Andrew's Ledge, 1756, 293 
Stat altus, 588 

Stat firmiter aequo, — 

Steward, 452 

St. George's Lodge.... 476 

St. G. II 

St; G. 113 

Stibium, 670 

St. John's Com.. ..Phil.... 17 
St. John's Com....N. J. 289 

St. John's Lodge chartered.. 292 
St. John the Baptist.... J 470 
St. Mary's Lodge.... 487 

St. Omer's, No. 19, Elmira.. 324 
.Struck in the Main.... 276, 277 
Studio, sapientia, silentio, 13 
Summo praefecto Lib. Fr. ... 436 
Sup. Cons, du 33e Deg.... 231 
Sup. Conseil du 33e..Deus.. ibt 
Sup. Cons. Lumiere et.... 578 



Page 

63 
64 

2l8 

75 

204 

226 

230 

227 

21 

42 

43 

182 

199 

40 

168 

133 

211 

16 

16 

163 

"3 

57 

167 

100 

229 

"45 
120 

"73 

247 

206 

89 

34 

29 

92 

239 

54 

116 

232 

260 

184 

191 

19 

57 

250 

22 

116 

116 

190 

197 

126 

112 

20 

174 
96 

77 
230 



No. Page 

Sup. Conv. Metr. Val. Lut.. 185 78 

Suprenio suo Magistrc... 429 170 

Siisse mutterpflicht, 413 162 

Sva sidera norvnt, 482 194 

Svenska Armeens Lodge, 432 1 72 

Tacere multis discitur.... 398 156 

Taintsvennoe izobrajenie.... 48 37 

Talem ferent nullum secla.. 266 109 

Talem ferent nullum.... 291 116 

Tanto numine, 430 170 

Temple Mag. pose de la.... 172 75 

The Duke of Leinster's 681 257 

The Egyptian Obelisk, 712 267 

The Old Round House.... 288 115 

The Strong Man Lodge, 463 188 

To commemorate the dedi... 37 31 

To commemorate the dedi... 303 1 19 

To commemorate the Union, 26 26 

Toga vir. sumta 4 Jul.... 440 176 

To in grateful testi.... 329 128 

Tolerance, coidialite, 572 228 

Tolerance et progres, 617 240 

Travaille, etudie, sois.... 575 229 

Tres ad unum, 521 212 

Trib. Depal. des GG. JJ...* 120 60 

Tributaire d' Hiram, i8o 77 

Tributaires d'Hiram, 181 77 

Triennial Conclave, 701 264 

Trinosophes de Bercy, 247 102 

Trinus Unus, 166 73 

Triple Union, 5812, 349 133 

Triple Unite Ecossaise, 78 47 

True and wise, and merciful, 704 265 

Truth, 521, 714 268 

Truth, although it be veiled, 449 182 

Unanimity, 1722, — 196 

UnioLatonior. Francof.a.M. 384 150 

Unio Latomorum Francof... 428 169 

Union de Pierre Seize, — 231 

Union de tons les Rils.... 175 75 

Union et confiance, 543, 544 220 

Union et confiance, 580 230 

Union, force, egalite.... 217 92 

Union, force, encourage.... 228 95 

Union, force, sagesse, 646 245 

Union Frangaise, Note 126 

Union Sincere, 5820, 661 248 

Union, tolerance, 337 130 

Union, travail, discretion, 667 250 

Union, travail, egalite,.... 340 131 

Union, zele, regularite.... 343 132 

Unio perpetuo, 671 251 

Unis parVhonneuret... 147, 148 67 

Unita major vis, 669, 670 250 

United with the Old Horn... 458 187 

Uno avuLso non deficit.... 237 98 

* The S. before Trib. in the text should be 
omitted : see Notes and Corrections. 



Unser wissen ist ein... 

Unter Gottes beystand.... 

Uproriska wapen omring.... 

Utile dulce. 

Utile dulci, 

Vallee de Paris, 

Vasorum Sorori, 

V. D. S. A. 

V. D. S. A. 

V. d'un Franc, 

Ven. Dally V : Roubeau, 

Vera voluptas in labore, 

Veritas est intus, 

Verite, (cypher), 

Veriie, union, justice, 

Vetant mori, 

V. Geusau...Kronke 

V. Geusau... Palmier.... 

Vidi, vici, qviesco, 

Vinces, 

Virtus coniuncta, 

Virtus omnia nobilitat, 

Virtute et sapientia, 

Virtute et silentio, 

Virtute non Potentia ligati, 

Virtuti et prudentiae, 

Virtuti et silentio. 

Vis unita fortior, 

Vivat Ludovicus Napoleon.. 

V. L. 5634, 

V. M. DCC LXXXIV, 

Vnsre wvnsclie, 

Vota amicorvm Latomo. . 

Vota fratrum, 

VR. 

Wachse femer empor vom. . . 

Warrington, 

Washington, 1776 1876, 

Washington the Father.... 

Waterbury, Ct. 

We have found it, 

Weimar D.V. Sept.mdcccxii, 

Wem ein tugendsam weib... 

Wer ist der der den Her.... 

Wess ist das bildniss und.... 

Wieder einfuhrung d. Maur.. 

Wleland, 

Wilh. Frid. L. B. de.... 

Wilh. Ludw. Victor.... 

Willem Frederick Karel.... 

Winslow Lewis Lodge, 

Wisdom, strength & beauty, 

Wisdom, strength & beauty, 

W. K. S. 

XIX. April mdcccxliv. 

XXIII Febuar. mdccclxi, 

XXV. 

XXV J. Gr. M. Nat. d.... 



No. 


Page 


409 


160 


383 


150 


437 


174 


139 


65 




165 


129 


63 


435 


173 


255 


104 


256 


105 


128 


62 


346 


133 


347 


133 


5 


17 


247 


102 


159 


70 


401 


157 


358 


138 


360 


139 


7 


17 


697 


262 


109 


55 


321 


125 


19 


23 


33 


30 


715 


268 


671 


251 


6 


17 


208 


87 


212 




331 


128 


251 


103 


354 


136 


35? 


139 


356 


137 


641 


244 


"3 


57 


483 


195 


268 


III 


706 


26s 


713 


267 


489 


199 


418 


164 


413 


162 


424 


167 


408 


167 
160 


418 


164 


355 


136 


366 


143 


24 


25 


295 


117 


62 


42 


67 


43 


500 


203 


419 


158 


403 


439 


176 


24 


25 



INDEX: NAMES. 



321 



York Commandery K. T.... 
York Comm'd'ry No. 55... 
Youth, manhood & old age, 
Zele, ferveur, union, 
Zu Breslau eingeweihet.... 
Zu Friedrich stadt, 
Zum 50 Jaehrigen.... 
Zur erinnerung an die.... 
Zur erinnerung die Prov.... 
Zur erinnerung..Georg V.... 
Zur erinnerung gewidmet... 
Zur erinnerung 2 October... 
Zur iubelfeier d. A zur.... 



No. 


Page 


106 


55 


289 


"5 


36 


3' 


139 


65 


3^5 


146 


383 


150 


39 « 


153 


408 


160 


407 


160 


396 


155 


"5 


58 


379 


148 


377 


147 



Zur Maurer iubelfeier.... 

Zur Sacular feier der □ . 

Zur Wahren Eintracht, 

Zvm andencken ernes, 

Z. 50 Jaehr jubelf.... 

ler Aout, 1822, 

S jour du 10 Mois, 5804, 

12 Janvier, 1822, 

i6eJdu8eM.... 

18, 19, 21 Mart.... 

19 Mars, 1813, 

24 Nov. 1790, Prince.... 

24 Nov. 1700, .... 63, 64, 



No. Page 

363 141 

• 371 145 

416 163 

8 18 

"4 58 

339 130 

175 76 

508 206 

73 45 

215 91 

246 lOI 

62 42 

65. 66 43 



24 Octobre, 1869, 

25 Centimes, 

25 jahr Meister v. st... 

26Jum, 1853, 

43D Regt. M'VM- 

70, 

75. 

tooth year of our National., 

1775.. ..(Russian), 

1848, 

1880 Royal Masonic 

5847. I. J. D. W. L. Z. G. 



No. 
526 
611 


Page 
214 
238 


370 


^^ 


283 


114 


471 


190 


^li 


200 
III 


515 
627 

48s 


209 
242 
195 


309 


123 



IV. NAMES. 



The following Index gives the names of persons mentioned on the Medals, in the text, or in the notes, except that 
the names on the-Copperheads, so called, are not included, which will all be found on pages 271 and 273. Those to 
whom I am indebted for information, as mentioned in various foot notes, it has also seemed umiec^-ssary always to 
index. The names of die cutters will be found in the concluding Index. 



No. Page 

430, 431 171 

Note 

Note 



172 
178 



209, 210 



437 



88 



Adolphus Frederic, 

Adolphus Frederic, 

Ahlbom, Lea, 

Alban, St. 460 187 

Albert Edward, Prince.... 453 184 

Albert Edward, Prince.... 454 185 

Alfred the Great, Note 183 

Alstromer, Patrick, 429 170 

Aktremer, Jonas, Note 1 70 

Anspach, Jules, 

Anspach, Jules, 

Anthon, Charles E. 

Applcton, W. S. 

Applelon, W. S. 

Applelon, W. S. 

Armfeld, 

Askeri Khan, 

Athelstan, 

Aude, 

August, Saxe Coliurg, 

Augustus Frederick, Duke... 681 

Austin, W. W. 

Babcock, Chr. A. 

Babcock, Wm. A. 

Badm, Louis G. A. 

Baiocchi, Prince of Lucca, Note 205 

Balestier, Joseph X. 302 297 

Bandano, T. 722 270 

Bamaart, S. W. Note 85 



209 294 

Note 195 

— x 
Note 195 
Note 259 

— 180 
677 255 

Note 183 

506 205 

390 152 
256 

62 289 

2 14 

2 14 
'75 



Baroni, 



506 205 



Bastow, J. W. 
Bauer, Chs. Fefd. 
Baur. C. 
Kecherer, 
Becherer, 
Belisarius, 
Benedict XIV. 
Bernadotte, Marshal, 
(See Charles XIV.) 
Bibrach, M. L. 
Bielefeld, 
Blane, Antoine, 
Blucher, Prince, 
Blumenthal, 
Boettiger, Ch. A. 
Boettiger, Ch. A. 
Boettiger, Ch. A. 
Boettiger, Ch. A. 
Bohmann, Frid. Otto, 
Bonaparte, CaroUna Prin.. 
Bonaparte, Joseph, 
Bonaparte, Joseph, 
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 
Bonaparte, Princess Elise, 
Bonnin, Em. 

Book, 

Bciorman, I. II. 
Bosquet, 

Broenner, Johann C. 
Brugman, J. 



No. 


Page 




No. 


Page 


Note 


257 


Brunetau, L. T. 


\V> 


291 


— ■ 


126 


Brunswick, Duke Ferdinand, '7 


17 


208 


88 


Buchwaldt, 


378 


148 


358 


'38 


Burdette, Lt. Col. 


62 


289 


360 


'39 


Bumes, Sir James, 


481 


194 


643 


244 


Bushnell, Charies I. 


264 


296 


Note 


'94 


Bylefield, C. G. 


Note 


85 




. 


Cabanis, Pierre J. J. 


Note 


243 






Cambaceres, J. J. R. 


54 


38 


20 


24 


Cambaceres, J. J. R. 


Note 


76 


— 


169 


Cambaceres, J. J. R. 


'83 


77 


Note 


243 


Capelle, 


7'8 


269 


— 


169 


Carl, Landgrave of.... 


109, III 


56 


378 


148 


Carpser, 


394 


'54 


3 


15 


Carson, E. T. 




ix 


4 


16 


Carson, E. T. 


Note 


93 




169 


Carson, E. T. 


Note 


254 


4 


28s 


Carson, E. T. 


148 


292 


433 


172 


Carton, 


218 


92 


Note 


204 


Catharine, Empress, 


Note 


210 


Note 


204 


Catharine, Empress, 


518 


211 


'75 


293 


Chabouille, N. 


239 


99 


505 


205 


Chamfort, 


Note 


243 


Note 


205 


Changeux, 


Note 


243 


657 


248 


Charassin, 


Note 


220 




'93 


Charles, Grand Duke.. 


405 


'S8 


68 


44 


Charles Wm. Frederic, 




274 


Note 


85 


Charles XIII. 


436 


173 


46 


36 


Charles XIII. 


Note 


174 


208 


88 


Charles XIU. 


438 


'75 



322 



INDEX: NAMES. 





No. 


Page 




No 


Charles XIV. 


Note 


17s 


Dorian,* J. 


239 


Charles XIV. 


439 


176 


Dubin,* A. C. 


239 


Charles XIV. 


Note 


177 


Duchateau, Chev. 


156 


Charles XV. 441, 442 


'77 


Dun more. Earl of, 


260 


Charles XV. 


453 


185 


Dupaty, 


Note 


Chaves, Juan Adriano, 


491 




Ebner, Hier. Guil. ab.... 


— 


Chouvet, J. 


208 


88 


Edward III. 


Note 


Christian August, 


Note 


171 


Edward IV. 


Note 


Chubb, John, 


Note 


182 


Edward IV. 


— 


Cirves, Franz, 


409 


160 


Edwin, Prince, 


Note 


Clarence, Duke of.... 


26i 


•P7 


Ehmbsen, Joh. Gottl. 


— 


Clement XII. 


Note 


167 


Ellenberger, J. W.f 


358 


Clement XII. 


Note 




Elliott, 


719 


Clermont, Count of.... 


• Note 


Ernest, of Saxe-Coburg, 


391 


Cogan, E. 


8S 


290 


Ernest, of Saxe Gotha, 


358 


Colas, 


531 


215 


Ernest II., Saxe Co.... 390, 391 


C^olburn, Jeremiah, 




X 


Ernest, the Fious, 


— 


Crassous, Joseph Aug. 


229 


96 


Esprit, 


146 


Crassous, Joseph Aug. 


Note 


202 


Eugenie, 


62s 


Crassous, Joseph Aug. 


229 


294 


Ewert,- Christ. Frederic, 


519 


Creigh, Alfred, 


H 


21 


Farrier, Geo. H. 




CruU, F. G. F. 


419 


165 


Farrier, Geo. H. 


Note 


Dally, (Ven.) 


346 


133 


Farrier, Geo. H. 


— 


De Beaumont, Elie, 


Note 


243 


Farrier, Geo. H. 


64 


De Bie, C. 


Note 


202 


Farrier, Geo.' H. 


428 


De Boissi, Louis L. 


Note 


243 


Fellner, Constant. 


384 


De Cazes, Count, 


231 


96 


Fellner, Constant. 


428 


De Cazes, Count, 


Note 


97 


Ferdinand, Duke of Br.... 


109 


De Chesnaye, Moulin, 


Note 


243 


Ferdinand, Duke of Br.... 


215 


De Choiseul, Due, 


613 


239 


Ferdinand of Brunswick, 


Note 


De Facqz, Eugene, 




8i 


Ferreira, Antonio de Soaza 


693 


De Facqz, Eugene, 


198 


82 


Fleury, J. 


208 


Defrenne, J. 


188 


79 


Folkes, Martin, 


Note 


Defuisseaux, Ed. 


209 


88 


Folkes, Martin, 


482 


De Fuisseaux, N. 


217 


92 


F'rancis II., of Germany.... 


*— 


De Gazes (Gr. Master), 


Note 


86 


Franckendorf, 


42 


De Getelin, 


59 


4' 


Franklin, Benjamin, 58, 59 


De Guionneau, L. A. 


359 


139 


Franklin, Benjamin, 278, 279 


De la Dixmerie, 


Note 


243 


Frazer, William, 


258 


De Lalande, 


59 


41 


Frederic Augustus (Holst'n 


Note 


De Lalande, 


Note 


243 


Frederick Augustus (Prussia 


)365 


De Lille, Jacques, 


Note 


243 


Fredk Augustus.... 


.356 


De Medici, Cosmo, 


237 


295 


Fredk Augustus.... 


361 


De Milly, Count, 


637 


243 


Fredk Augustus.... 


362 


De Milly, Count, 


Note 


244 


Fredk Augustus.... 


383 


De Montaleau, Roeltiers, 


Note 


236 


Frederick, Charles William 




De Prins, Charles, 





ix 


Frederick IV., Saxe Coburg, .^qo 


De Prins, Charles, 


Note 


237 


Frederick, Margrave... 352 


. 353 


Dermott, Laurence, 





279 


Frederick, Margrave.... 


354 


Dermott, Laurence, 


— 


280 


Frederick, Prince of Hesse, 


215 


Dermott, Laurence, 


— 


281 


Frederick Francis, of Meek 




Dermott, Laurence, 


— 


282 


Frederick V., (Denmark,) 





Deroover, F. 


208 


88 


Frederick William 


364 


Desaguliers, Dr. 


Note 


194 


Freese, Friedrich, 


5'7 


Deseze, R. 


Note 


243 


Frossard, E. 




Des Noyers, Baron Augusts, 241 


29s 


Fuisseaux, N. de, 


217 


D'Este, Sir Augustus F. 


260 


296 


* See Notes and Corrections. 




Dixon, Hugh, 


Note 


128 


t See Zinnendorf. 





Page 
99 

99 

70 

296 

243 
260 
209 
197 
278 

183 
162 

138 
269 
299 

138 
152 
viii 

67 
241 
211 

ix 
127 
213 
289 
297 

150 
169 

56 

91 

145 

261 

88 

9 
194 
260 

34 
40 

"3 
395 
175 
142 

137 
140 
140 

150 
18 
152 
135 
136 
91 
169 
180 
142 
210 

X 

92 



No, Page 

Gabboria, 506 205 

Gautier, 506 205 

George, Prince of Wales, 62 42 

George, Prince of.... 63, 64, 65 43 

George, Prince of Wales, 69 44 

George, Prince of Wales, 262 107 

George v., of Hanover, 396 155 

Gercke, J. Henry, 286 1 14 

Gilibert, 208 88 

Gleichen-Rusworm, Baron, 355 136 

Goblet, L. 209 88 

Goethe, Note 165 

Goethe, Note 169 

Gorlich, Ferd. 409 160 

Goury, 506 205 

Greuze, Note 244 

Groh, Edward, — 269 

Grouvelle, Note 244 

Guichard, Note 244 

Guillim, John, Note 197 

Guinard, P. 583 231 

Gustavus III. 430 170 

Gustavus III. 437 174 

Gustavus III. Note 175 

Gustavus III. Note 179 

Gustavus III. Note 210 

Gustavus IV. Note 174 

Hahlo, Julius, 379 148 

Harzfeld, S. K. -- ix 

Harzfeld, S. K. 275 112 

Harzfeld, S. K. 281 113 

Harzfeld, S. K. 326 126 

Haussemust, 614 239 

Hawkestowe, William, — 278 

Heard, John T. Note 109 

Hedlinger, Johan Karl, — 178 

Hedvig Elizabeth.... Note 175 

Henckel, Wm. L., Graf.* 366 143 

Henin, Note 220 

Henry IV. — 277 

Henry, Jean P. M. — 126 

Herder, J. G. — 169 

Hildebrand, Brol Emil, Note 164 

Hiron, S. 721 270 

Hochsteyn, A. 209 88 

Hochsteyn, J. 209 88 

Holland, H. W. Note 270 

HoUins, W. 262 108 

Holtrop, Wilhelm, 499 202 

Honnorez, R. 187 293 

Honnicke, 416 163 

Honnorez, R. 187 78 

Honnorez, R. Note 202 

Houdon, Note 244 

Houel, Note 244 

Hubert, _ ix 

Hubert, Note 48 
* See Von Donnersmarck. 



INDEX: NAMES. 



323 



Hughan, W. J. 
Hughan#W. J.* 
Hughan, W. J. 
Hughan, W. J. 
Hughan, W. J. 
Inverness, Earl of, 
Jacobs, 

Jaenisch, Gottfried Jacob, 
Jaenisch, Gottfried Jacob, 

{anssens, W.. 
onniaux, E. 
Joseph n., of Austria, 
Joseph of Saxe-Hildburg.,... 
Joseph of Saxe-Hildburg.... 
Joseph Napoleon, 
Jottrand, G. 
Jouvenel, 
Kane, Elisha K. 
Kellermann, Marshal, 
Kellerman, Marshal, 
Kenning, George, 
Kenning, George, 
Klopstock, 
Kobes, A. G. 
Korff, T. A. 
Kramer, 
Kramer, 
Krebs, 

Kronke, Martin, 
Labrousse, Fabrice, 
Lacepede, Comte, - 
Lafayette, Marquis de, 280, 281 



No. Page 



450 
Note 
218 
no 
no 
211 
209 
423 
397 
397 
Note 
20g 
218 
291 
Note 

175 
Note 
Note 

376 
445 
358 
360 
416 

358 
61S 

Note 



Lafayette, Marquis de. Note 

Lamb, H. T. 453 

-Langerfeldt, Jacob Fr. 370 

Langermann, Gen'l, 615 

Le bondy, Comte T. de Note 
Leibnitz, Gottfried \Vm. 395 
Leibnitz, Gottfried Wm. 427 
Leraaieur, Ch. 209 

Leopold, King of Belgium, 40 
Leopold, King of Belgium, 40 
Leopold, King of Belgium, 188 
Leopold, Prince, of Eng.... 485 
Lewis, Wijislow, — 

Lewis, Winslow, Note 

Lewis, Winslow, — 

I^wis, Winslow, 466 

Livingston, Jas. 307 

Long, Wm. W. 723 

Louis, (First Grand Duke... 382' 
Louis of Hesse-Darmsladt, 358 
I^uisVIIL, of Hesse Dar... 381 
Louis XVL — 

Louis XVL Note 

Louis Philippe, Due de.... 607 

* See various Notes on English Masonics, 
pp. 182 et seq. 



254 
278 
300 
187 
92 
56 
290 



167 

•55 

299 

76 

88 

116 
76 

293 
185 
188 
170 

147 
180 

138 
139 
163 
138 

239 

244 

"3 
239 
185 

«45 
239 
243 
154 
168 
88 

33 
288 

79 
196 

261 
284 
300 
120 
270 
149 
138 
149 
250 
251 
237 



No. 

Louis XVIH. 231 

Louis Napoleon, King.... 212 

Louis Phillippe, King.... Note 

Louis Phillippe, King.... Note 

Louisa, Princess of Prussia, 27 

Louisa, Princess of Prussia, 203 

Louisa Ulrica, Note 

Louisa Ulrica, 437 

Louptiere, Note. 

Lushington, Stephen, Note 

Luttman, (Prov. Gr. M.) Note 

Magnan, Gr. M. 575 

Maisan, L. 20 

Madai, D. S. 394 
Manteuffel, Ernest Chr. de, 427 

Marconis, Etienne Jacques, 55 1 
Marconis, Gabriel Mathieu, 551 

Marmilor, 506 

Marsy, Note 

Martin, Note 

Matheus, Jean, 239 
Maximilian, Julius Leopold, 385 

Mayer, Eduard, 5'° 

McCleilan, John, Note 

Mechlin, Abp. of.... Note 

Meillon, Alex.... 49 

Melanchthon, ^ 

Menil, 5°^ 

Mercier, Note 

Merzdorf, J. F. L. T. — 

Meyer, John, . .302 

Mickley, J. J. Note 

Middlesex, Duke of, i 

Miethoff, (Sup. Master) 393 

Monet, Note 

Morgan, William, Note 

Moring, W. — 

Morris, Robert, — 

Morris, Robert, — 

Morris, Robert, — 

Morris, Robert, 33 

MuUer, 35* 

MuUer, 360 

Mumsen, 358 

Munger, W. C. 33 

Mnraire, Count Honore, 233 

Murat, Joachim, Note 

Napoleon, King of Rome, 138 

Napoleon, King of Rome, 202 

Napoleon lU. 625 

Napoleon, Pririce Imp. 625 

Nee, Note 

Nelson, Horatio, — 

Neufchateau, Comte de. Note 

Nies, I. Ch. D. 34 
Nieuwland, Isaac Penning, 493 

Oelsner, 378 

Oliver, George, — 



Page 

96 

89 

232 

238 

28 

-84 

171 

172 

244 

128 

144 

229 

24 

»54 

168 

301 

301 

205 

244 
229 

99 

■5' 
208 

109 

80 

37 
212 
205 
244 
8 
119 
178 
289 
•53 
244 
••5 
192 



7 
288 

•38 
• 39 
•38 
30 
97 
204 

^S 
84 

241 

241 

247 

258 

244 

3^ 
200 
148 

vii 



Oscar I. 
Oscar II. 
Oulon, G. 
Oxe, Bernard, 
Palaprat, Fabre, 
Palaprat, Fabre, 
Palaprat, Fabre, 
Palmie, Johann M. 
Palmier, 
Passenaud, 
Pastoret, Marquis de, 
Pinnoy, A. 
Pius VII. 
Piza, Joseph, 
Poillon, William, 
Poillon, William, 
Poillon, William, 
Poillon, William, 
Poillon, William, 
Poillon, William, 
Potier, Melchior, 
Price, Henry, 
Price, Henry, 
Price, Henry, 
Pulling. R. 
Rara-ay, Chevalier, 
Raucher, J. 
Reepmaker, M. H. 
Reichard, H. A. O. 
Reinhold, 
Richan, 

Richmond, Duke of, 
Rio Branco, Visconde, 
Rio Branco, Visconde, 
Ripon, Marquis of, 
Ritchie, T. P. 
Ritchie, T. P. 
Rivoire, 
Robelot, 
Robin, Abbe, 
Romarino, Gen. 
Roubeau, (Ven.) 
Rouyer, J. P. 
Rumpf, 

Ryan, Sir Edward, 
Sackville, Charles, 
Sackville, Charles, 
Sadogurski, (See Von Garten- 
berg. 
Sandoz, V. 

Saxe-Meiningen, Duke of, 
Saxe Weimar, Duke of, 
Saxe Weimar, Princess.... 
Schiller, 
Schlosser, 
Schouten, John, 
Schramm, Gottfried W. 
Schrichley, I. 



No. Page 
440 176 



443 

716 

I 

256 
78 
363 
360 
208 
Note 
209 

512 
Note 



Note 
Note 
Note 
Note 
61 

33 

30 

610 

Note 

390 

549 

Note 

332 

332 

Note 

Note 

Note 

677 

Note 

6«5 
346 
239 

479 
I 



178 
269 
285 
104 

•05 
290 
141 

•39 
88 

244 

88 

205 

208 

X 

54 
181 
196 
216 

234 

244 

9 

41 

284 

30 
287 
238 

85 
•52 
169 
221 
194 
128 

297 
185 

9 

42 

222 

255 
244 

239 

•33 

99 

180 

•93 

•4 

28s 



209 

8 

10 

10 

412 

Note 

214 

Note 



88 
18 
18 
18 
162 

•57 
90 

X 

108 



324 



INDEX: NAMES. 





No. 


Page 


Schroeder, 


— 


169 


Schiibarth, I. C. 


422 


166 


Schumacher, Peter, 




181 


Segur, Comte, 


Note 


239 


Simmingskold, John, 


435 


173 


Simmons, I. 


62 


289 


Simpson, W. 


Note 


182 


Slcetchley, I. 


62 


42 


Sketchley, I. 


62 


289 


Smith, Sir Sidney, 


Note 


104 


Somenzari, T. 


505 


204 


Somerset, Dulte of. 


Note 


187 


Sophia Albertina, Princess 


. 43' 


171 


Sophia Albertina, Princess 


Note 


172 


Sophia Albertina, Princess 


435 


173 


Sophia Caroline, Princess, 


353 


»35 


Sophia Caroline, Princess, 


354 


136 


Starke, A. P. E. 




136 


Starosta, C. F. 


376 


147 


Stassart, G. J. A. De 189, 190 


79 


Stassart, G. J. A. De 


Note 


80 


Stassart, G. J. A. De 


■217 


92 


Stevens, Gr. Coni. 


218 


92 


St. Firmin, Abbe Cordier. . 


Note 


243 


Sfrathmore, Earl of. 


9 


18 


Strobridge, W. H. 




196 


Sussex, Duke of, 259, 260, 261 


106 


Sussex, Duke of. 


260 


296 


Sussex, Duke of, 


45' 


184 


Sussex, Duke of. 


455 


,8s 


Sussex, Duke of. 


455 


186 


Sussex, Duke of. 


4S» 


187 


Sussex, Duke of. 


Note 


191 


Tarlier, J. 


209 


88 


Terroilion, A. 


574 


228 


Theden, John C. A. 


357 


137 


Theden, John C. A. 


Note 


138 


Theden, John C. A. 
Thory, C. A. 


— 


169 


239 


99 


Trumper, And. 


208 


83 


Torrens, H. W. 


480 


198 


Travenol, Louis, 


Note 


252 


Ulex, G. F. 





ix 


Ulex, G. F. 


112 


57 


Ulex, G. F. 


Note 


58 


Ulex, G. F. 


Note 


•M 


Ulex, G. F. 


Note 


Ulex, G. F. 


491 


200 


Ulex, G. F. 


Note 


202 


Ulex, G. F. 


Note 


209 


Ulex, G. F. 


Note 


217 


Vacheron, Edouard, 


Note 


217 


Vanderelst, P. J. 


208 


8^ 


Van Hopken, Baron A. J. 


430 


171 


Van Humbeeck, Pierre, 


496 


201 


Van Humbeeck, Pierre, 


Note 


202 


Van Meenen, F. 


2^ 


88 


Vanparys, 


88 



Van Rappard, B. 

Vanschoor, J. 

Van Teylingen, 

Vanypen, J. 

Vanypen, P. P. 

Vanvolxem, 

Vassal, P. G. 

Verwey, B. J. 

Viennet, Jean P. G. 

Vienot, Eugene, 

Viennot, Eugene, 

Viennot, Eugene, 

Vleminckx, J. 

Voltaire, 

Voltaire, 

Voltaire, 

Von Adlerbett, Baron, 

Von Aerssen, Beyeren, 

Von Bentinck, Christian.... 

Von Beulwitz, 

Von Bierken, John, 

Von Bodelschwingh, C. 

Von Boetzelaar, Carl, 

Von Bruckenthal, C. S. 

Von Bruckenthal, C. S. 

Von Ca.stillon, 

Von Castillon, 

Von Damnitz, 

Von der Golz, 

Von Donnersmarck, Graf, 

Von Donnersmarck, Graf, 

Von Eschenbach, 

(See Ebner) 
Von Frankenberg, 
Von Gartenberg, Baron, 
Von Gartenberg Sado.... 

Von Gartenberg Sado 

Von Geusau, 

Von Geusau, 

Van Geusau, P. G. C. 

Von Guionneau, 

Von Greifenfeld, Count, 

Von Herda, 

Von Heuduck, 

Von Hohenthal, Fred. Wm 

Von Hund, Baron, 

Von Hund, Baron, 

Vbn Hund, Baron, 

Von Hund, Baron, 

Von Kaempf, I. G. W. 

Von Kissleben, 

Von Kissleben, 

Von KorflF, J. A. 

Von Marshalch, Heinrich, 

Von Martinetz, A. L. 

Von Neander, 

Von Neander, 

Von Nettelbladt, Chr. 



No. 
27 
209 
Note 
208 
208 
208 

634 

27 

588 

Note 

Note 

209 

59 

Note 
Note 

Note 

Note 

358 

434 

43 

Note 

13 

Note 

358 
360 

377 

Note 

366 

366 



Page 

287 

88 

85 

88 

88 

88 

242 

287 

232 

IX 

52 

247 

88 

40 

194 

243 
180 

!5 

8S 

138 

172 

35 
85 
20 

■38 
139 
147 
138 
143 
298 



389 


152 


509 


301 


19 


23 


5°9 


207 


358 


138 


360 


139 


500 


203 


359 


298 




ISI 


4^ 


163 


378 


148 


401 


IS7 


44 


35 


Note 


91 


Note 


181 


Note 


213 


47 


36 


5 


16 




144 


— 


185 


— 


181 


47 


36 


358 


138 


360 


'39 


406 


299 



Von Nettelbladt, Chr.... 

Von Nostiz, 42 

Von Schmidt, 358 

Von Scythen, 414 

Von Scythen, 414 

Von Steinheil, Ph. L. 34 

Von Stolberg, Louise, 8 

Von Vieregge, A. O. 419 

Von Vieregge, F. L. 419 

Von Zeschau, Heinrich W. 44 

Warner, Thomas, 288 

Washington, Geo. 264, 265, 266 

Washington, Geo. 267 

Washington, Geo. 268, 269, 270 



No. Page 
406 159 



271, 272 
273, 274, 275 

307 
326 
261 
378 



418 



Washington, Geo 

Washington, Geo. 

Washington, Geo. 

Washington, Geo. 

"Weigall, H. 

Wendt, 

Wendt, 

Wieland, Chr. Martin, 

Wieland, Chr. Martin, 

Washington, Geo. 704, 705, 706 

Wilhelmina Fredrika Louisa, 441 

William IV. 262 

Wm. Frederick, Prince.... 24 

Wra. Frederick, Prince 

Wm. Frederick, Prince.... 
Wm. Frederick, Prince.... 

Wm. Frederick, Prince 

Wilson, Thomas, 
Wood, I. F. 
Wood, Isaac F. 
Wood, I. F. 
Wood, I. F. 
Woodford, A. F. A. 
Woodford, A. F. A. 
Wolf, 

Woodbury, Charles L. 
Woodbury, Charles L. 
Woods, Sir Albert W. 
Woods, Sir Albert W. 
Woods, Sir Albert W. 
Woods, Sir Albert W. 
Wren, Sir Christopher, 
Yelagin, Prince, 
York, Duke of, 
York, Duke of, 
Zacharias, Ernst, 
Zetland, Earl of, 
Zetland, Earl of, 
Zinnendorf, 
Zinnendorf, 
Zinnendorf, 
Zinzendorf, Count, 



27 
203 
204 
205 
Note 
302 
302 

307 
Note 

4 
482 

427 



453 



Note 

Note 

66 

464 

452 
4S6 

358 
360 

Note 
Note 



34 
138 
163 
300 

31 
18 
.65 
16s 
35 
"5 
109 
no. 
Ill 
III 
112 

120 
126 
106 
148 
169 
164 
165 
265 
177 
107 

^1 
84 
85 

86 

254 
119 
297 
120. 
265 
286 

3°" 
168 
278 
282 
185 
192 
281 
283 
194 
210 

V> 
189 

8 

184 

197 

■38 

'^9 
180 

i6s 



INDEX: DIE CUTTERS. 



325 



V. DIE CUTTERS. 



The following Index gives the names and references to the engravers, die sinkers, mint masters, etc., by whom 
the Medals were struck, and is necessarily very imperfect ; in a few instances initials too indefinite to trace with cer- 
tainty have been given, without comment. In most cases the names appear on the Medals ; a few Medals have been 
assigned to engravers whose names do not appear, but for which I have good authority. The number in the first 
column is that of the Medal ; in the second of the page on which the name will be found. 

No. Page 
Hart, 192 to 198 82 

Mart, 199, 200, 201 83 

Hart, 217 92 

Hart, 217 294 

Hart, 254 103 

Haslingk, D. 9 18 

Haslingk, D. II 19 

Haslingk, I. L. . S 16 

Hedlinger, Johan Karl, — 178 

Heinicke, G. B. 379 m8 

Helfricht, 39' '5^ 

Hergraann, 512 208 

Hiron, S. 7^' 270 

Hollenbach, C. 358 138 

Jaley, 54 38 

Jaley, 
Jaley, (?) 
Jaley, 

Jaley, 239, 

Jaley, 
Jaley, 
Jaudin, 
Johnston, W. 
Jouvenel, Ad. 

Jouvenel, Ad. 188 79 

Jouvenel, Ad. 208 87 

K. 23 25 

K., W. 114 58 

Kangsdorf, 
Kempson, 
Kenning, George, 
Kenning, George, 
Kenning, George, 
Key, W. H. 
Key, W. H. 
Kindon, 
Kirk, 
Kirk, 

Kline, J. W. 
Koenig, F. 
Koenig, 
Krueger, 
Krueger, 

Krueger Note 157 

* On authoricy of Zacharia-s, V. 3. ir„,ll ' Note HI 

tProbablyforl.L. Haslingk. | KruU, J-^"^': '5' 





No. 


Page 


Aberli, Franz, 


398 


156 


Abramson, 


45 


35- 


Abranison, 


357 


137 


Abramson, 


38s 


150 


Abramson, 




165 


Adam, 


242 


100 


Ahlborn, Lea, 


442 


177 


Ahlborn, Lea, 


Note 


178 


Alsing, 


112 


57 


Arbien, 


107 


55 


B. 




170 


Barre, Jean Jacques, 


231 


96 


Barre, Jean Jacques, 


231 


29s 


Bernier, 


58 


40 


Bernier, 


607 


237 


Bessaignet, 


172 


7? 


Blanke, 


. 403 


158 


Bolen, J. A. 


287 


"5 


Braemt, 


Z7 


28 


Braemt, 


229 


96 


Brandt, 


362 


141 


Brehmer, 


396 


iSS 


C.,L 


422 


166 


Caccia, S. 


491 


200 


Chubb. John, 


Note 


182 


Claudius, C. D. 


5«4 


2og 


Comstadius, F. 


"9 


23 


Cumsiadius, F. 


509 


207 


Coquardon, 


57 


40 


Coquardon, 


77 


47 


Coquardcfc, 


156 


70 


Coquardon, 


167 


293 


Coquardon, 


255 


104 


Coquardon, 


256 


105 


Coquardon, 


343 


132 


Coquardon, 


529 


215 


D. 


426 


168 


Davinet, 


584 


231 


Delor, 


661 


248 


Depaulis, 


«25 


62 


DesF. 


122 


60 


DesF. 


53° 


215 


Des Noyers, 


56 


39 


Des Noyers, 


219 


93 


Des Noyers, 


241 


29s 





No. 


Page 


Diehl, 


272, 273, 274 


112 


Donadio, 


178 


76 


Donon, 


238 


98 


Droz, J. P. 




250 


Droz, J. P. 


Note 


251 


Drummond, 


489 


199 


Dubois, Alphee, 


588 


232 


Dubois, E. 


524 


213 


Dubour, L. 


153 


69 


Dubour, L. 


153 


292 


Du Vivier, (?) 


250 


29s 


E.,F. 


90 


5° 


Ellis, J. 


26 


27 


Enhoring, C. 


431 


172 


Ernesto, 


332 


128 


F. 


370. 371 


145 


F. (Facius*), 


418 


164 


Fehrman, 


Note 


174 


Fehrman, 


434 


172 


Fehrman, C. 


435 


•73 


Fehrman, ■ . G. 


429 


170 


Fehrman, C. G. 


437 


175 


Fehrman, D. 


430 


170 


Fehrman, D. 


431 


171 


Feuvrier, 


336 


130 


Feuvrier, 


613 


239 


Fouquet, 


171 


''% 


Fritz, 


37 > 


298 


Frumerie, M. 


438 


>75 


Frumerie, M. 


440 


176 


Garneiro," 


332 


128 


Gatteaux, N. 


•59 


70 


Gayrard, 


5? 


f 


George, 


136 


64 


Goetze, 


359 


'39 


Cube, H. 


378 


147 


H., L L.t 


S 


16 


Haller, C. 




260 


Hamerani, 


482 


'94 


Hamerani, 


482 


301 


Hancock, 


262 


107 


Hart, 


190 


Z9 


Hart, 


191 


80 



131 63 

■32 63 

183 77 

240 99 

— 251 

54 288 

157 70 

726 272 

187 78 



400 157 
252 108 
454 '85 
463 188 
454 300 
275 112 
281 113 
252 108 
466 189 
466 300 
285 114 
16 
35 
15 
34 



4 
44 

3 
42 



326 



INDEX: DIE CUTTERS. 



KruU, C. F. 

L.'Al. 

Lamb, H. T. 

Lambert, 

Lamphear, W. K. 

Laubenheimer, R. 

Laulienheimer, R. 

Lauer, 

Laurence, 

Laurer, G. 

Leberecht, 

Lesser, 

Lindberg, A. 

Lindberg, A. 

Ljungherger, G. 

LjuBgberger, G. 

Ljungberger, G. 

Ljungberger, G. 

Loos, 

Loos, 

Loos, 

Loo§, 

Loos, 

Loos, 

Loos, 

Loos, 

Loos, 

Loos, G. 

Loos, G. 

Loos, G. 

Loos, G. 

Loos, G. 

Loos, G. 

Loos, G. 

Loos, G. 

Lorenz, H. 

Lorenz, H. 

Lorenz, H. u Sohn, 

Lovett, G. H. 

Lovett, G. H. 

Lovett, G. H. 268, 

Lovett, G. H. 

Lovett, G. H. 

Lovett, G. H. 

Lovett, G. H. 301, 302, 

Lovett, G. H. 



No. 


Page 


369 


145 


46 


36 


453 


185 


246 


lOI 


724 


271 


267 


110 


267 


296 


69. 


259 


140 


65 


355 


136 


517 


210 


416 


163 


443 


178 


519 


211 


III 


56 


Note 


164 


Note 


172 


436 


173 


Note 


196 


382 


149 


384 


150 


392 


"53 


403, 405 


158 


406, 407 


159 


401 


299 


411 


161 


412, 413 


162 


351 


134 


360 


139 




162 


361 


140 


363 


141 


364. 365 


142 


366 


"43 


378 


147 


364 


142 


366 


"43 


"5 


59 


37 


32 


256 


109 


270, 271 


III 


280 


""3 


288 


""5 


296, 291 


116 


303. 304 


119 


307 


120 



Lovett, G. H. 
Lovett, G. H. 
Lovett, G. H. 
Lovett, G. H. 
Lovett, G. H. 
Lundberg, 
Lundgren, L. P. 
Lundgren, P. H. 
Lundgren, P. H. 
Lutwyche, W. 
M., A. C. 
Merlen, 
Merlen, 
Merlen, 
Merriam, 
Merriam, 
Meyer, 
Milton, J. 
Moore, J. 
Moring, W. 



Narbonne, 

Natter, Lorenz, 

Natter, Lorenz, 

Nies, I. Ch. D. (?) 

Oblin, 

Oblin, (?) 

Od. 

Od. 

Panisset, 

Paquet, 

Penin, 

Pfeufier, C. 

Pfeuffer, C. 

Pfeuffer, C. 

Pfeuffer, C. 

Pingret, 

Pingret, 

Pingret, 

Pingret, 

Pope, T. 

Pnymaurin, De, 

Reiche, 

Rogat, 

Roquelay, 

Sage, A. B. ( ? Lovett 



No. 

33" 
704, 706 
709, 710 
711, 712 

290 

Note 

439 
441 

Note 
69 

705 
79 

179 

"79 

269 

278, 279 

34 

681 

258 

142, 143 

I 

I 

34 
223 

"47 
"38 
"47 
586 

273. 274 
567 

36^ 
363 
365 
59 
253 
524 
600 
719 

524 

Note 

7" 

) 36 



Page 
128 
265 
266 
267 
296 
176 
176 

"77 
178 

44 

265 

48 

76 

293 
III 

""3 

3" 

"97 

256 

192 

106 

66 

14 

285 

3" 

94 

292 

65 
67 
231 
112 
227 
162 
140 
141 
"42 
40 
103 
214 
236 
269 
214 

"57 
251 

45 
3" 





No. 


Page 


Schaasberg, A. 


215 


9" 


Schilling, 


392 


"53 


Schilling, 


406 


299 


Schouberg, I. P. 


iS 


23 


Schouberg, 1. P. 


24 


25 


Schouberg, L P. 


203 


84 


Schouberg, I. P. 


214 


90 


Schroder, 


407 


"59 


Schroder, H. 


419 


165 


Simon, 


20s 


86 


Sl<etchley, I. 


62 


42 


Sketchley, L 63, 


64, 65, 66, 67 


43 


Sketchley, J. 


— 


289 


Stiiith, 


258 


295 


Soley, 


272 


112 


Stach, George, 


399 


"56 


Stem, 


72 


45 


Stern, 


23s 


98 


Stierle, 


Note 


"5" 


Stockmar, 


16 


21 


Stockmar, 


"9 


24 


Stolba, A. 


701 


264 


Taylor, W. J. 


261 


106 


Teissier, 


221 


93 


T., F. (?) 


3" 




Thevenin, 


"45 


66 


TioUier, 


165 


72 


Tiolier, N. 


"37 


64 


V. 


99 


290 


Vaganay, 


581 


230 


Vestner, (?) 


12 


"9 


Vestner, 


— 


260 


Von Gartenberg, 


— 


207 


Von Gartenberg, 


509 


301 


V. S., L 


213 


294 


Weeden, W. N. 


21 


24 


Weeden, W. N. 


% 


III 


Weeden, W. N. 


""3 


Weigall, H. 


261 


106 


Werner, 


397 


"55 


Wiener, Karel, 


496 


201 


Wiener, Karel, 


500 


203 


Wilno, 


212 


89 


W., P. P. 


354 


298 


Wurden, 


85,86 


290 



ADDENDA. 327 



ADDENDA. 

The following Medals have come to my knowledge since the previous pages were printed, 
and are added, but not Indexed : — 

DCCXXXIV. The Freemason's Magazine, May, 1858, p. 991, (London,) has an engraving 
of the Centenary Medal of Old Kent Lodge ; it is in the form of a five-pointed star, of formal 
rays, on the top of which is a ducal coronet ; on the centre a century plant in flower ; around, 
on a garter, centenary 1858, rent No. 5. Reverse, Plain for engraving. Silver and enamel. 
Size, as engraved, from point to point, nearly 26. It was authorized by the Earl of Zetland, G. M. 
of England, and was designed by Thomas Moring. 

DCCXXXV. Obverse, A bee hive with bees flying about it. In exergue cassel, and below 
it the symbols of a Lodge working Scottish rite degrees. Reverse, A thick cloud at the top, 
from behind which issue rays ; beneath at the right a hand, with finger outstretched, points toward 
the cloud, and below is the word erkentnis. [Remembrance, j On the edge is engraved 150 
8 z 2 c o. [For, Im Orient Zu Cassel 58 20. J Silver, size 17. Scarce, si^ 

DCCXXXVI. Obverse, A star of five points, the end of each terminating in a ball ; in the 
angles of the star are flames. On the centre is a small circular tablet, with a radiant Delta. 
Reverse as obverse, except that the centre has engraved in three lines s. : p. : u. : & c. : a. : | 
Reunies | — o... besan§on. Below are two crossed sprigs. Silver. Size, 28 between opposite 
points. In the form of a star, but entirely a struck medal or bijou. 

This has lately been added to Mr. Poillon's collection, and pertains to the same Lodge as 
LXXXVIII, 

DCCXXXVII. Obverse, Within a circle the Book of Constitutions guarded by the Tiler's 
sword ; on the book the word constitution. Legend, on the outer circle, above, harmonic 
LODGE NO. 356, and below, 50 years ; at the top a large square and compasses, by which the 
Medal is worn suspended. Reverse, Plain, but with a legend (? engraved) in a circle, "Com- 
memorative of 50 years, 19 Oct., 18 18." Size as drawn, 40. =« 

DCCXXXVIII. Obverse, A wreath of olive or bay, surrounding a circle which encloses a 
five-pointed star ; on the star is a pentagon, bearing the square and compasses. 544 Legend, on the 

542 I have had the reverse of this, with the obverse alluded to on p. 193, antea : for a drawing of this I am 
plain, but did not recognize it as a Masonic. Probably indebted to Bro. W. J. Hughan. 

this was used like French Jetons de Presence. 544 This I describe from an eneravmg sent me by Bro. 

543 This is the Semi-Centennial, or Jubilee Medal of W. J. Hughan. It is the Medal of a Lodge at Malta, 
the Lodge named, founded in 1818 at the Island of St. struck ten years after its formation, but not allowed by 
Thomas, under the Grand Lodge of England, and the Grand Lodge of England. 



328 ADDENDA. 

circle, lodge st john & st paul melita ; on the lower points of the star, to the left, A. L. 5829, 
A. D. 5826, and on the circle at the bottom, br. douglas. Over the top a ribbon, on one end of 
which No. and on the other, 673. Reverse, Not described, but probably plain for engraving. 
Size as engraved, 26, nearly. 

DCCXXXIX. Obverse, On a star of six points of formal rays a circle enclosing a hand hold- 
ing an hour-glass ; on the cuff is fraternitas [Fraternity]. On the top of the hour-glass kent, 
on the bottom anni. 'Legend on the circle, nostra clepsydra seculum nota [Our glass has shown 
a century's flight] ; at the bottom * 1856 * . At the top of the Medal is a small square and com- 
passes on a rose. The star is silver ; the ground of the centre, blue enamel. Reverse, Plain for 
engraving, the centre slightly raised. Size as drawn, 28 nearly. 545 

DCCXL. Obverse, A double-headed eagle holding a sword ; on his breast an elliptical tab- 
let, with a Greek cross ; above him are palm branches crossed, and below, a small cubic stone. 
Reverse, Plain for engraving (?). Elliptical. Size as engraved, 21 by 29.546 It is possible that 
this is an engraved Medal, but I have no definite information on this point. 

DCCXLI. The Duke of Leinster, Grand Master of Ireland, authorized a Medal to be struck 
in commemoration of the Centenary of the constitution of the Grand Master's Lodge of Dublin, 
an impression of which was forwarded to the Earl of Zetland, G. M. of England, April 25, 1849. 
I have learned nothing more concerning it. 

DCCXLII. The Lodge des Demophiles, Tou.rs, struck a Medal, with obverse l. " . les 
demophiles, or. • . Du TOURS, and the recipient's name engraved in the centre ; reverse, a triangle 
and a legend surrounding it, recompense, etc. Bronze, "Size of a half-penny." I have not 
obtained a full description. 

DCCXLIII. Obverse, A view of the ruins of Kilwinning Castle. In exergue, Kilwinning 
lodge no. 356, F. & A. M., CINCINNATI, OHIO, in two lines (.?). A small square and compasses at 
each end of the first line. Reverse, Inscription, in eleven lines, the first and last curving : 

presented to I WILLIAM SHOBER | BY | KILWINNING LODGE, | * FOR ATTEMPTING* | TO SAVE THE LIFE 
I OF A DROWNING WOMAN | IN THE | OHIO RIVER, [ AT | CINCINNATI, APRIL. lOTH, 1876. AlOUnd Is 

the legend, forti et fideli nihil difficile, fama semper viret. [To a brave and faithful man 
nothing is difficult. His fame is eternal. J Size 32.547 

DCCXLIV. Obverse, As obverse of CCLXXV, but having the legend george Washington. 
Reverse, From the reverse die of CCLXXV. Silver, gold-plated, bronze, and probably other 
metals. Size 21. Impressions from the first or original die have become quite scarce. These 
are struck in Philadelphia, for Mr. S. K. Harzfeld. 

545 For a drawing of this Medal I am also indebted to have been struck about 1820, under Judge Wright, Prov. 
Bro. Hughan. It is the special Centenary Medal of Bur- G. M. in the Ionian Islands. 

lington Lodge, London, No. 128 of the Moderns at the 547 There have been but a very few,— not more than 

time of the union, and dating from 1756, its present two or three,— of these Medals struck, though the dies 

number being 96. There may be a date on the bottom are in the possession of the Lodge. For information in 

of the hour-glass, but I am not certain from the drawing. regard to it I am indebted to Mr. E. B. Gorton, of Cin- 

546 This I describe from a wood cut sent me by Bro. cinnati, O. 
Hughan. It is said to belong to a body at Malta, and to 



ADDENDA. 329 

In addition to the mules mentioned under DCCXXV, Mr. Poillon has recently obtained the 
following reverses : — 

{d) Similar to a, but with the word free | dom in two lines : a small six-pointed star at the top. 
{e) Similar to d, but from a diflferent die ; the letters are larger. 
(/) A chain of thirteen links, surrounding the letters o. K. 

The obverse of DCCXXVII is also combined with reverse a of DCCXXVI, thus strengthening 
the attribution of the dies to the same hand. 

The recent action of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts (1881), authorizing Centenary 
Medals, has already caused the preparation of several new Masonic Medals. "The Massachusetts 
Lodge" in the City of Boston, was, I think, the first to take steps for procuring such a Medal, but 
at the present moment impressions from the dies have not been made. I have been informed that 
action of a similar nature has been taken by other Lodges. 

The Regulations of the Grand Orient of France allude to a Medal of Recompense, without 
any description. I presume the reference is to that described under DLXXXVII, but have been 
unable to fix this with certainty. 



ERRATA, Etc. 

Page i8. The legend on obverse should be svpremi, not supremi, and the size 19, not 27. (See 
also p. 286.) 

Page 106. Insert C before CLIX, so as to read CCLIX. 

Page 135. End of first paragraph insert (Figure 42.) 

Page 168. Insert at end of CCCCXXV, Size 16 nearly. Mr. Poillon has this; the "mops" re- 
sembles a "pug" dog more than a mastiff. 

Page i68. CCCCXXVI. On reverse, at the bottom, is d. probably a die-sinker's initial. 

Page 179. For Merzkorf read Merzdorf. 

Page 189. The date in Roman numerals should be mdcclxvi, not mdcclxxvi 

Page 190. Note 331. The last date should also be June 11, like the previous one. 

Page 230. Note 419. The reference should be to DLXXI. 

Page 250. Insert a after DCLXVII on this page. 

Page 271. DCCXXIV. {d) for z z read j. j. 

Page 272. DCCXXVI. (c) for leilfus read GEiLFUS.and in (/) for e. kahm read c. kahm. 

Page 272. DCCXXVII. After coR insert EtM & 

Page 273. DCCXXIX and DCCXXX are found also in German silver in Mr. Poillon's collection.-