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Date Due 


"^ pack you 
that we have 
outside of Ne. 
and best movi 
enced men to 


A. R. Sheffer, 






NO. 23233 


Surplus and Profits 


$ 275,000.00 





Henry A. Strong. 

Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 









\\W X 



Police Department 


From the Earliest Times to May i, 1903 













Difficulty of Obtaining Information regarding the Early Police — The First 
Newspapers — The Tardy Settlement of Rochester — Unhealthfulness of 
the Locality — Preliminary History —The Phelps and Gorham Purchase — 
The Mill Yard— The First Buildings of Rochester. 


The One-Hundred-Acre Tract — Its Purchase by Rochester, Fitzhugh and 
Carroll — Efforts to Start Elsewhere — Naming of the Future City — The 
First Dwelling Erected -Fourth of July Celebrated — Town Constables 
of Gates. 



The Village Charter— The First Board of Trustees— Other Officers Elected— 
The Street Patrol— The Night Watch -Birth of the Police Department - 
Formation of Monroe Count3- — The First Court-House — The First Jail. 



The First Burglary -The Evil of Intemperance— The First Homicide — Name 
of the Village Changed — Part of Brighton Annexed to Rochester —The 
Tread-Mill Advocated— Attempted Jail Delivery —A Singular Forgery — 
Increase of Power of the Trustees — The Morgan Abduction. 



Ordinances of the Board of Trustees— Morality Strictly Maintained — Village 
Constables — Basil Hall's " Travels in North America " — His Description 
of Rochester — Phenomenal Activity of the Village — Sam Patch's Leap 
to Death — Sabbatarian Agitation — The Second Jail Built. 



The First Officers of the Municipality — The New Charter — The City 
Marshal — Organisation of the Watchmen — Location of Police Office 
and Lock-up— The Question of Licenses — Friction between the Mayor 
and the Common Council — Resignation of Mayor Child. 



A Quiet City under Mayor Gould — Capt. Dana's Watch Book — Arrests 
Made by the Night Watch — Regulations for their Guidance — Their 
Duties— Lighting the Lamps — The Cry of the Watch — The Constables — 
Evolution of the Police Force. 



The Slaying of William Lyman — Excitement in the Community — The 
Trial of Octavius Barron — His Conviction and Execution — Austin 
Squires Kills his Wife, and Pays the Penalty — Trial of Dr. Hardenbrook 
for the Murder of Thomas Nott — The Rochester Knockings — Riot at 
Corinthiag Hall. 

History of Police Department 



The Western House of Refuge — The Second Court-House — Laying its 
Corner-Stone — Murder Trial of Maurice Antonio — Conviction and 
Execution — Monroe County Penitentiary — Home for Idle and Truant 


Amendments to the Charter — The First Chief of Police — Increase of the 
Force — Disappearance of Emma Moore — Police Troubles in Know- 
Nothing Times — The Murder Trial of Martin Eastwood — Ira Stout's 
Murder of Littles— Full History of the Crime— Trial of John B. Robertson. 



Board of Police Commissioners — Their Powers and Duties — Clerk of the 
Board — Increase of the Force — Roundsmen Appointed — Captain of 
Night Police — Grade of Lieutenant Created — The Sunday-Closing 
Question— The Civil Service Law — The Board Declines to Act under It. 



The Orton Murder— The Messner Murder- The Montgomery Murder — Death 
of 'Squire Moore — The Heffner Homicide — The Howard Riot — The 
City Hall — The Front Street Building — Female Suffrage— The John 
Clark Murder — Three Murders in one Summer — Extensive Jail - 
Breaking — Death of Captain Sullivan — The Lutz Murder — The 



Changes in the Force — Mysterious Falsehood of a Suicide — The Bank 
Forgeries — Erection of the Present Jail — Murder near Avon — Alibi 
Established by Burglary — The Gorham Street Riot — The Stone' 
Murder— The O'Neil Murder — The Street Car Strike— The Shooting 
of Stoddard— The Day Murder -Plenty of other Murders— The Third 
Court-House — Laying the Corner-Stone -Description of the Building — 
Police Headquarters— Dorthy's Career — The Jury Commissioner — The 
Smith Murder. 



Police Provisions of the Charter — Ordinances of the Common Council — 
The First Commissioner of Public Safety — James D. Casey Succeeds 
James G. Cutler — George A. Gilman Appointed Commissioner — A 
Record of Crime— The Keating Murder— The Orphan Asylum Fire — 
The Brown Murder — The Hickey Murder— The Ethel Dingle Tragedy— 
The McFarlane Murder — The Coal Famine— Statistics for the Past Year. 



The Departmental Staff — The Civil Service Requirements — The Pension 
Fund — The Police Benevolent Association — The Police Telegraph 

System — The Bertillon System of Measurement — The Card System 

Records at Headquarters — The Police Bulletin — The Book of Rules. 





Difficulty of Obtaining Information regarding the 
Early Police — The First Newspapers — The 
Tardy Settlement of Rochester — Unhealth- 
fulness of the Locality — Preliminary History 
— The Phelps and Gorham Purchase — The Mill- 
Yard — The First Buildings In Rochester. 

It is well known to most of those who will read this 
book that Rochester is one of the youngest cities in this 
part of the United States, so youthful, in fact, that a daughter 
of the founder from whom it derives its name is still living 
among us. Therefore, a history of its police department, as 
extending over a much shorter duration of time, must 
necessarily be less voluminous than in the case of many 
smaller municipalities whose antiquity gives to the historian 
a wider scope for his researches. But the difficulty lies not 
so much in the scarcity of incidents, of events, in the early 
days, as in the indifference of those who might have recorded 
the facts near the time of occurrence and thus have preserved 
for use at this day, and up to this day, information that is now 
wholly lost or is obtainable only in disconnected fragments. 
One would suppose that the local newspapers of that age — 
the Rochester Gazette, published by Dauby & Sheldon, the 
initial number appearing April 3, 1816, and the Rochester 
Telegraph, established by Everard Peck & Co. July 7, 1818 — 
would have kept a chronicle of the weekly happenings, the 
crimes, the accidents, the meetings, the new buildings erected, 
and other incidents that must have interested, and that almost 
vitally, the inhabitants of the little community. But, no ; of 
all those things practically nothing, while both journals are 
filled, besides their advertisements, with long accounts of 
some trivial accident in Skaneateles or some ordinary fire in 

History of Police Department 

New Orleans, with verbose letters from the Burmese mission 
or minute descriptions of Arctic voyages, while the attractive 
personality of Napoleon Bonaparte, then in the evening of 
his life at St. Helena, furnished an inexhaustible theme of 

The reason for this singular omission of what was most 
important, and was " close to men's business and bosoms," 
while dilating upon the remote and the disconnected, is 
conjectural, but probably it lies in the fact that the journalists 
of those days considered that their readers must be already 
familiar with the home events, and so there was no need 
of describing them, while all would be benefited by the 
reception of information that could not possibly be obtained 
from personal observation or from gossip with their neighbors. 
The effect of this peculiar conception is permanent. The 
searcher of the present day finds it almost impossible to 
obtain any valuable data from the sources mentioned, the 
most diligent examination, involving the turning over of 
each leaf of every issue of at least one of those newspapers 
during the seven years of its independent existence, resulting 
only in the discovery of a few desultory statements that 
could be pressed into service. A consultation of all the 
earliest village records known to be in existence has completed 
the investigation in this regard, save for occasional glimpses 
of private diaries or memoranda that were procurable. No 
use whatever has been made of the reminiscences of any 
" oldest inhabitant," for the experience of the writer has 
shown him that a single line of written or printed matter 
made near the time of occurrence of the event described is 
worth more than whole pages of irresponsible anecdotes whose 
interest increases at the expense of their accuracy. 

Of official chronicles at the central police headquarters 
there are practically none, and those of the commission of 
Public Safety, which is the head of the department, naturally 
extend back for so short a period as to be not available until 
well within the present day. " Happy the nation," says 
Montaigne, " happy the nation that has no annals," and the 
apothegm might be equally forcible if slightly altered so as 
to read : " Happy the city that has no police records," as 

Rochester, New York 

indicating a degree of primeval morality that rendered such 
statistics unnecessary if not impossible. But it would have 
saved a vast deal of trouble if some record could have been 
kept of appointments before 1865, to show concisely the 
various changes that occurred in the composition of the 
force, instead of compelling an exhaustive examination of 
every directory of Rochester that has been issued from 1827 
down to the present year. 

Though not directly connected with this department, it 
may be as well to pave the way for any extended history by 
noting the principal events associated with the settlement of 
this place, thus leading up to a survey of the geimination 
and growth of the police force, with its development up to 
this time. Rochester was belated in its birth. It was not 
one of the first but one of the last places to be settled in this 
part of the state, and even within the limits of the present 
county of Monroe several places had permanent residents long 
before anyone came here to establish a home. The reason 
for this delay is not hard to find. It was the pestilential 
nature of this spot, the fever-breeding character of this 
immediate locality, where, from the low-lying lands, the 
miasma rose like an exhalation, both night and day, while 
the deadly wolf prowled in the darkness and noxious insects 
and reptiles made life miserable throughout the daylight 
hours. Even the Seneca Indians, whose territory embraced 
the western third of the state, avoided this site and had their 
scattered villages elsewhere. It was nothing but the presence 
of the Genesee falls that brought people here to stay and to 
use the motive power of what was then a far mightier stream 
than it is at present to turn into nutritious flour the golden 
grain from the rich wheatfields of the Genesee valley. When 
the real start was once made, after one or two abortive 
attempts, the indomitable energy of the pioneers prevailed 
over all the frightful obstacles of nature, new comers kept 
pouring in from the eastward, and the little settlement grew 
steadily into a village and then into a city. 

Three years after the close of the Revolutionary war the 
state of Massachusetts obtained by a compromise decision 
of arbitrators the right of title and ownership (subject to 

8 History op Police Department 

whatever rights the Indians might be supposed to have) of 
all that part of the state of New York lying west of a 
meridian line drawn through Seneca lake, while relinquishing 
to New York all claim to the sovereignty and jurisdiction 
over the territory. Two years later the New England 
commonwealth sold to Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham 
all of that land, comprising some six million acres, for one 

Francis Dana 
Captain of the Night Watch, 1835 and /8j/ 

million dollars, conditioned upon the extinguishment of the 
Indian title ; in other words, those men bought the right of 
pre-emption from the original owners. The new proprietors 
went promptly to work and in successive negotiations 
purchased the land as far as the Genesee river. Beyond that 
they could no further go ; the red men refused to sell, until 
Oliver Phelps, by sharp practice that amounted almost to 
chicanery, induced them to give up on the west side of the 
river a strip of land twelve miles wide by twenty-four miles 

Rochester, New York 

long, beginning about at Avon and running north to Lake 
Ontario. It was claimed by Phelps that all of that magnificent 
domain was only the proper amount of territory for a mill-seat, 
which the natives had agreed to let him have on condition 
that he would erect near the falls a saw-mill and a grist-mill, 
by which their corn could be ground and the trees sawed into 
logs for their cabins, in case they chose to build any. It may 
be mentioned here that Phelps and Gorham prevailed upon 
Massachusetts to take back all the territory west of the 
Genesee with the exception of the strip just mentioned — 
about four million acres, reducing the amount of the purchase 
money to $100,000, on the plea that the consolidated securities 
of the state, in which payment was to be made, had enhanced 
in value fourfold ; that they sold to Robert Morris, the 
financier of the Revolution, half of the land that they had 
bought for more than they paid for the whole, and that 
Massachusetts finally sold to Morris the portion west of here 
that had been taken back. 

Phelps kept his promise to the natives by turning the 
contract over to Ebenezer Allan — commonly called "Indian 
Allan " because, though of white blood on both sides of the 
parental house, he always associated with the red men and 
was stained with every crime commonly supposed to be 
characteristic of that race. Allan was to build the mills 
and to receive as compensation therefor one hundred acres of 
land surrounding those structures, besides which he came 
into possession, about that time, of a farm comprising five 
hundred acres in what is now Scottsville, though the whole 
would constitute but a small fraction of the expanse of nearly 
two hundred thousand acres which the Indians had relinquished 
as a location for a mill-yard. In the summer of 1789 the 
saw-mill was raised, the grist-mill going up in the following 
November, and they were the first buildings of any kind 
erected in what is now Rochester. Their ancient site is now 
bounded by Aqueduct, Graves and Race streets and the 
aqueduct itself. After Allan had occupied the mills for a 
year or two he turned the care of them over to his sister and 
her husband, Christopher Dugan, who remained there but a 
short time, so that when Aaron Burr passed through the 

History of Police Department 

country in 1795, to look at the high falls, there was not a 
resident anywhere in the neighborhood. The buildings did 
not, however, go to decay, but were repaired and again 
occupied, so that when John Maude, an Englishman, passed 

George Bradshaw 
Captain of 'the Night Watch, 1844 and 1853 

through here in 1800, he found Col. Josiah Fish in charge as 
the miller ; but, as that person had no facilities for entertaining 
guests, Mr. Maude had to go down to King's Landing, afterward 
called Hanford's Landing, three miles north, to get a meal. 
The saw-mill was swept away by a freshet in 1803 and the 
grist-mill was burned down four years later. 


The Settlement of Rochester 

The One-Hundred-Acre Tract — Its Purchase by 
Rochester, Fitzhugh and Carroll — Efforts to 
Start Elsewhere — Naming of the Future City 
— The First Dwelling Erected — Fourth of 
July Celebrated — Town Constables of Gates. 

The One-Hundred-Acre tract, then known as the Genesee 
Falls mill lot, which is now the center of Rochester, extended 
from a point on the river about four hundred feet south of 
Court street (or near the foot of the Erie railroad train shed) 
due west to a point near the corner of Spring street and 
Caledonia avenue, thence north to a point a little northwest 
of the corner of Center and Frank streets, thence due east to 
the river, striking it just north of where the foot of Market 
street extended would be. It passed from Indian Allan 
through different hands until it became a part of the Pulteney 
estate, from which it was purchased by three Maryland 
proprietors for the price of $17.50 an acre. These three 
men — Col. Nathaniel Rochester, Col. William Fitzhugh and 
Major Charles Carroll — came up here on horseback from 
their southern homes in 1800, looking for desirable abiding- 
places in the new country for themselves and their families. 
Passing up through the Genesee valley, where they made 
extensive purchases of land in the neighborhood of the 
present villages of Dansville, Geueseo and Mt. Morris, they 
finally reached the falls and probably made up their minds 
at that time to obtain possession of the One-Hundred-Acre 
tract. Most histories have stated that they bought it in 1802, 
but that is not correct, though they may have made a verbal 
agreement in that year with Robert Troup, the agent of the 
Pulteney estate, who resided in New York city. The contract 

History of Police Department 

was signed November 8, 1803, the payment of the purchase 
money was made in annual installments, and the title was 
passed from Sir William Pulteney November 18, 1811, the 
first lot being sold two days later. 

While that tract was waiting for its tardy development, 
spasmodic efforts were made to start a settlement in its 
immediate vicinity. Some time about 1797 a man named 

w. D. Oviatt 
Chief of Police, 1837 

Farewell built a cabin on Lake avenue, near the present 
State Industrial school, though he soon abandoned it, and in 
1798 or 1799 Jeremiah Olmstead came here from the east 
and occupied it as a permanent settler, raising the first crop 
of grain within the present limits of the city. In 1807 
Charles Harford, an Englishman, built a block-house on 
State street, near the corner of Lyell avenue, and in the 
following year he erected a grist-mill just south of the falls, 
so that for a few years he did the grinding for all this region 

Rochester, New York 13 

Those structures, together with a few shanties that were put 
up in the neighborhood, caused that locality to be known as 
Falls Town, while the name Castle Town or Castleton, in 
honor of Col. Isaac Castle, who resided there, was given to a 
collection of houses, dwellings, a tavern and at least one 
store situated at the Rapids at the foot of the present Brooks 
avenue. Each of these places considered that its chances of 
becoming the metropolis of this region was far better than 
that of the desolate and unwholesome section with no name 
and no human inhabitants, and so did the little settlement of 
Brighton, on the east bank of the river ; and so did Tryon 
Town, at the head of Irondequoit bay ; and so, at a later 
date, did Carthage. But the visions faded away, and the 
despised mill lot became the head of the corner. 

It was not till 1810 that Col. Rochester moved up here 
from Hagerstown, the procession, for such it was, embracing 
his whole family, many of them on horseback, wife, five 
sons, five daughters, ten slaves, with two carriages and three 
wagons containing household goods. Even then he did not 
locate here, the dreariness of the spot being too repulsive for 
that, but halted at Dansville, where he lived five years, then 
moved to a farm in East Bloomfield, and finally settled down 
here in 1821, dying ten years later in the house that he built 
at the corner of South Washington and Spring streets. But 
for some time he came here every few weeks, laying out the 
lots himself, with a quarter of an acre to each lot ; and, as he 
did all the work, his fellow-proprietors — who still remained 
in Maryland and who, when they did move north a few years 
later, settled in Livingston county and never here — insisted 
that the future city, if city there ever was to be, should bear 
his name. That was in 1811 ; the appellation was accepted, 
and it never departed except with an official though not 
popular modification for a few years. 

In 1812 the first house was built in the new place, a log 
cabin, put up — on the present site of the Powers block — by 
Henry Skinner for Hamlet Scrantom, who with his family 
moved into it on its completion in May of that year, so that 
may be said to be the beginning of Rochester. Edwin 
Scrantom, a son of the original settler, was a little boy at the 


History of Police Department 

time, but in his life of more than sixty years after that he 
amused himself and benefited his fellow citizens by recording 
in voluminous diaries and in numerous articles written for 
the press, his vivid recollectious of that initial period, even 
in that first year of occupancy, when his father's family, alone 
by itself, celebrated in a modest way and in front of the 
cabin the Fourth of July. 

Mathew G. Warner 
Chief of Police , i860 

From another source it is learned that there was another 
celebration on the same day, just across the river in Brighton 
where, upon the brow of the hill near the corner of Main 
and St. Paul streets, an arbor of boughs was raised, under 
whose shelter a feast was spread, different persons contributing 
the various materials, one a lamb, another bread, another a 
pig, another vegetables, another pies, another a bottle of 
whiskey. The partakers of this luxurious banquet included 
every man, woman and child in the settlement, together with 

Rochester New York 

some passing travelers, and altogether they mustered about 
twenty persons. The whole affair seems to have been under 
the auspices of Enos Stone, the pioneer settler of Brighton, 
who the year before that had had a memorable fight with a 
bear that kept robbing his corn-field, and finally chased up to 
the very door-steps the dog that at first kept her at bay. So 
Mr. Stone had to turn out at two o'clock in the morning, 
accompanied by a boy and a rusty gun. The bear climbed 
up a tree and sat on a limb ; a fire was kindled underneath, 
and the bear fell to the ground. Then ensued a struggle 
between man, boy and gun on one side and bear on the 
other, in which no one was hurt ; then the animal climbed 
another tree, and the same performance was gone through 
four times more. Then some more ammunition was obtained 
from a neighbor, and finally the bear was. brought down from 
the last tree by a shot that disabled her, though even after 
she fell her courageous disposition caused her to fight on her 
haunches for some time before she was killed. So it seems 
that one side of the river was not much better than the other 
for a quiet life, though travelers generally, expended their 
energy in denouncing the " God-forsaken mud-hole " on the 
west side that had nothing but mosquitoes and rattlesnakes 
and fever and ague. 

True, the mosquitoes, with their long, sharp bills, flew 
in clouds to the torment of humanity ; venomous rattlesnakes 
wriggled out of every hole in the earth and made it unsafe 
till long afterward for people to sleep on the ground floor, 
lest they should be awakened by the intrusion of a strange 
bedfellow ; the fever burned up the sufferer until the alternate 
ague cooled him off, and the mud in the springtime was so 
deep that the roads' were impassable except at the risk of 
drowning. But the spot must have had its attractions, for in 
this year the sale of lots went on rapidly, and those who 
laid the foundations were reinforced by others. The first 
blacksmith shop was built by James B. Carter ; the first 
tailor shop was opened by Jehiel Barnard, and the first weekly 
mail delivery was established between here and Canandaigua, 
the mail being carried often by a woman, in saddlebags on 
horseback, and the postmaster here being Abelard Reynolds, 


History of Police Department 

who for seventeen years held that position, which was not 
specially lucrative, as the receipts for the first quarter, even 
at the high rate of postage then prevailing, were $3.42, of 
which the government received nothing. 

But a much more important event than any one of these 
was the completion in this year of the bridge across the river 
at Main street, at an expense of $12,000, divided equally 


Chief of Police, 1862-1863 

between the two counties, which it connected, of Ontario and 
Genesee. When the appropriation had been asked from the 
legislature three years before that, the request had been 
received with derisive shouts and the kind remark that only 
muskrats would go over the bridge after it had been built ; 
but finally the Albany statesmen were able to understand 
that it would be well to have some means of passage for 
emigrants over the new state road, who before that had to go 
to Avon to find a bridge or make the hazardous crossing at 

Rochester, New York 17 

this point by fording the river. The laying of the structure 
insured the permanence of the settlement more than anything 
else could have done, and its great utility in promoting travel 
was enhanced by the grant of five thousand dollars in the 
following year for " cutting out the path and bridging the 
streams " on the Ridge road between Rochester and Eewiston. 

In 1813 Dr. Jonah Brown, the first physician, arrived ; 
Miss Huldah M. Strong (afterward married to the doctor) 
opened the first school, in a building a little east of the 
Arcade ; the mill-race south of East Main street was opened, 
the City mills were erected by Erasmus D. Smith, and the 
Seneca Indians — for the last time in this neighborhood — 
celebrated the pagan sacrifice of the White Dog, on a spot 
near the south end of the present Livingston park. 

In 1814 the British fleet of Admiral Yeo, consisting of 
five large vessels of war with eight smaller ones, anchored at 
the mouth of the river with the apparent intention of sending 
a detachment up to Rochester. Whereupon all the male 
inhabitants of this hamlet capable of bearing arms, being 
thirty-three in number, together with the militia of the 
neighboring towns, the whole force being under the command 
of Capt. Isaac W. Stone, marched down to Charlottesburg — 
as it was then called — to repel the threatened invasion, but 
the affair passed off without bloodshed, as no English troops 
were landed. The first school-house was built in this year, 
and Mortimer F. Reynolds, the first white child born in what 
was then called Rochester, came into the world on the 2d of 

In 1815 the first wedding occurred, that of Jehiel Barnard 
and Delia Scrantom ; the first bookstore, that of Horace L,. 
and George G. Sill, was opened ; the first watchmaker and 
jeweler, Erastus Cook, arrived, and in December the first 
census of the village was taken, showing a population of 331. 

In 1816 the Rev. Comfort Williams, the first clergyman 
settled in the village, was installed pastor of the Presbyterian 
congregation, the society having been formed in the previous 
year; Matthew and Francis Brown finished the mill canal, 
eighty-four rods long, which ever since then has borne 
the name of Brown's race and which provided adequate 

History of Police Department 

water for their mills, for the cotton factory and for other 
manufacturing establishments that had been erected before 

During all this time there were — so far as any mention 
can be found, or any allusion, direct or indirect — no guardians 
of the public peace, no one with power to make arrests, unless 
it were some subordinate county officers ; certainly no one 

Samuel M. Sherman 
Chief of Police, 1855 and 1865 to /8/j 

who could act in the name of what was practically the village. 
And yet it would seem that there must have been persons 
with some such powers, the forerunners of the present police 
department, if for no other purpose than to keep watch over 
the Indians, who were located in their wigwams near the 
high falls, under their chief, Hot Bread, and who, none too 
abstemious in their best estate, were roused by liquor to a 
dangerous pitch on the days when they received the bounty 
for wolves' scalps at the office of John Mastick, the first 

Rochester, New York 


lawyer, who settled here about that time. In the earl)' 
part of the year Solomon Close, Pelatiah West, Jonathan 
Parish and Hope Davis were chosen constables at an election 
held in the town of Gates ; but that covered a large extent 
of territory, and there is no reason to suppose that their 
jurisdiction was particularly applicable to Rochester. Perhaps 
that authority was exercised by deputy sheriffs ; but no 
reference can be found to any action on the part of those 
officials other than that of chasing luckless debtors, as the 

Alexander McLean 
Chief of Police, 1873 to 1885 

law of imprisonment for debt was then in force. The debtor, 
when he perceived that the officer was after him, generally 
started at the top of his speed for the bridge, and if he could 
reach the center of that before the deputy he would stop and 
laugh merrily, for the sheriff could have no jurisdiction in 
Ontario county. While there were no policemen there were 
no village authorities of any kind, and the need of a governing 
body came to be indispensable. So, on the 21st of March, 
1 817, the legislature passed an act incorporating the village of 
Rochesterville, a most foolish appellation, the responsibility 
for which no one was ever willing to acknowledge. 


Rochester a Village 

The Village Charter — The First Board of Trustees 
Other Officers Elected — The Street Patrol — 
The Night Watch — Birth of the Police De- 
partment — Formation of Monroe County — The 
First Court-House — The First Jail. 

The act of incorporation, which of course became the 
charter of the new village, contained nineteen sections, the 
first of which described the boundaries. The second provided 
for holding the annual meetings of the freeholders and 
inhabitants of the village qualified to vote for members of 
Assembly, at which five trustees were to be chosen. The 
remaining sections, except the last one — which declares that 
" this act shall be, and the same is hereby declared to be, a 
public act, and shall be construed in all courts of justice 
within this state benignly and liberally to effect every 
beneficial purpose therein mentioned and contained " — are 
devoted to a differentiation between the powers of the trustees 
and those of the villagers themselves ; and the reluctance of 
the legislature to take away the authority from the people, 
even to give it to those officers whom they themselves had 
chosen, is herein plainly shown. The trustees were, to be 
sure, empowered to make laws, to regulate public markets, 
streets and highways, to pass ordinances relative to " taverns, 
gin shops and huckster shops " and to the village watch and 
lighting the streets of the village (which is the. matter that 
touches us most nearly) ; to, provide against fires, to impose 
reasonable, fines and penalties, which should not, however, 
exceed twenty-five dollars for any one offense ; and to do 
many other things. 

But back of them were the villagers, and it was with 
them, not with the trustees, that the real authority rested 

Rochester, New York 

By a singular contradiction of terms, the freeholders and 
inhabitants were "ordained, constituted and declared to be, 
from time to time and forever hereafter, a body corporate and 
politic, in fact and in name, by the name of ' the trustees of 
Rochesterville.'" It was they, and not the five elected 
trustees, who had the power, at their annual meetings, to 
levy taxes — which should never exceed one thousand dollars 
in one year ; to make all the appropriations, however small, 
even for the most necessary expenses, and to elect the other 
village officers — the assessors, the treasurer, the collector, the 
pound-keeper, the fire wardens and the constable. The duties 
of the last-named official are not specified — except to say 
that they are to be the same as those of the constables chosen 
at the annual town meetings of the town of Gates — but it is 
probable that he, and possible that the trustees, had the power" 
to make arrests, and would be expected to do so in the daytime, 
when the members of the night watch were snug in their 

The people got promptly to work with the organisation 
of the village, for the first meeting of the freeholders and 
inhabitants was held on the 5th of May, at the school-house, 
the following-named persons being elected officers : Trustees, 
Daniel Mack, William Cobb, Everard Peck, Francis Brown 
(afterward chosen president of the board) and Jehiel Barnard ; 
assessors, Isaac Colvin, Hastings R. Bender, Daniel D. Hatch; 
treasurer, Roswell Hart ; collector and constable, Ralph Lester ; 
fire wardens, Roswell Hart, Willis Kempshall, John G. Bond, 
Abner Wakelee and Francis Brown. At the next meeting, 
held a month later, the trustees were authorised to raise by 
tax the sum of $350, for the purpose of defraying the expenses 
of the corporation for stationery, of procuring fire hooks and 
ladders and taking "such other precautionary measures to 
guard against the destructive ravages of fire in said village as 
shall be expedient, regard being had to the situation of the 
village and the circumstances of the inhabitants at this 
time," and of cutting two ditches (the precursors of our 
modern sewers) to drain the swamp lands near private 
residences. At the meeting of May 13, 1818, the annual 
tax levy was raised to the enormous sum of one thousand 

History of Police Department 



i$j&> 4Qp *fc 


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II 3 


^9 3i*& 

W* ^ & 

31 M 



Rochester Police Department, 1865 

Rochester, New York 23 

dollars, and the trustees were instructed to procure a good 
fire engine out of that money. 

So it seems that for the first two years and more the 
freeholders of the village gave little thought to their protection 
from any enemy but fire and fever. If they could ward off 
the one and keep the other within reasonable subjection they 
were safe enoiigh. Hot Bread and his dusky followers had 
not "folded their tents like the Arabs," but had simply 
knocked over their wigwams and then all departed toward 
the setting sun ; what white drunkards or thieves there were 
left could easily be handled without gloves or without clubs, 
and the preservation of the public peace could well be left to 
the lone constable who was annually elected. It is true that 
during 1818 Matthew Brown, Roswell Hart, William P. 
Sherman, Daniel Mack and H. R. Bender were appointed as 
street patrol, but, as they were all business men and most of 
them held other offices than this, it is reasonable to suppose 
that their duties in this regard were only nominal. It finally 
dawned upon the inhabitants that it might be well to have 
some additional guardians, and then they remembered that 
their charter had alluded to something of that kind. At a 
meeting held December 28, 1819, it was voted "that the sum 
of eighty dollars be raised by tax to defray the expense of 
maintaining a village night watch, which had been appointed 
on the 10th inst, and to be continued so long as the said 
money raised will admit." That fixes the date of the birth 
of the police department of the city of Rochester, for that 
night watch was the predecessor of the patrolmen of to-day, 
and between the two there is an unbroken line of succession. 
Who that original night watch was may never be known ; 
his name, unfortunately, is lost in oblivion, for it does not 
appear in the manuscript records of these meetings, the 
volume of which, extending over all the time that this place 
was a village, lies now before the writer. That there was 
only one such person, not only at first but for some time 
afterward, and that his employment was intermittent, is 
shown by the fact that, although in the following year the 
tax to be raised for that purpose was increased to one hundred 
dollars, in the year after that it was lowered to the original 

History of Police Department 

amount of eighty dollars, " to support a night watch for so 
long a time, now commencing, as a faithful man can be hired 
for that sum." 

In 1820, beginning with September 21, Hon. Roger 
Skinner held a session of the United States district court 
here, which was the first court of record held in the village. 

Henry S. Hbbard 
Police Commissioner, 1865 to 1873 

The population in that year, according to the United States 
census, was 1,502. 

The year of 1821 was a memorable one in the history of 
Rochester, not because of any particular legislation regarding 
the little place, or any extraordinary events that occurred 
here then, but because Monroe county was erected in that 
year. That meant that the village was thereafter to be a 
county seat, with new buildings to be erected more stately 

Rochester, New York 2, 

than had been seen here before, with a host of officers to be 
elected, to receive salaries and expend them ; that the place 
was to have facilities for transacting business far greater than 
had been possessed previously ; that its inhabitants were to 
be spared the costly and laborious journey to Canandaigua 
to attend court, record a deed or pay county taxes ; that 
Rochester was to assume its, rightful position and be 
subordinate to no other municipality ; that it was to rise, 
not sink, another Rome and not another Carthage. All these 
things were keenly felt by the inhabitants long before that, 
and would have absorbed even more attention than they did 
if the people had not been so much interested those years in 
another matter — that of the location of the Erie canal ; for 
there was much danger that another course would be taken, 
somewhat south of here. So mass meetings were held 
continually, petitions circulated extensively and handbills 
scattered broadcast, until the route was settled, as it has 
remained since then. 

But, even while that great question was agitating all 
minds, strenuous efforts were made to have the new county 
formed. Even as early as 1816 a fund of nearly seven 
thousand dollars was raised to effect that result ; but when 
Col. Rochester and Matthew Brown went down to Albany, in 
1817, and presented the matter to the legislature they could 
accomplish nothing. Another failure two years later ; then 
more mass meetings, followed by a convention of delegates 
from all the towns concerned, held at Ensworth's tavern, as 
it was then called, which was built by Dr. Azel Ensworth 
the year before that, on the corner of Main and State streets, 
run by him for a year or two and then turned over to his 
son Russell. For many years it was known by the family 
name, and after that was called the Eagle Tavern and then 
the Eagle Hotel till it was closed on the nth of February, 
1863, shortly after which it was torn down to make way for 
the Powers block. But even then the mournful tale of 
defeat was repeated, and it was not till 1821 that the 
committee succeeded in their efforts and that the bill creating 
a new county out of parts of Ontario and Genesee counties, 
and naming it after James Monroe — then president of the 

History of Police Department 

United States — became a law on the 23d day of February. 
The successful opposition to this perfectly just and necessary 
measure had been made principally by some influential people 
of Canandaigua, who saw clearly that the unnatural supremacy 
of their little village would be taken away from it, and their 
obstructive schemes were well executed by John C. Spencer, 
afterward eminent as a jurist, who was then a member of 

Jacob Howe, Sr. 
Police Commissioner, 1865 to 1&67 

Assembly from Ontario county, and who was aided in his 
dubious work by Samuel M. Hopkins, a member from 
Genesee county, who perceived that the little village of 
Batavia must likewise lose much of its prestige 

The first thing to be clone here after that was the erection 
of the county building — or court-house, as it was invariably 
called, from the fact that the court-room filled the whole of 
the second storey, while the basement was occupied by the 
clerk's office, and afterward the police office also, the first 

Rochester, New York 37 

floor being taken up by the jury room and the supervisors' 
room, the latter being also occupied by the Common Council 
after the city was incorporated. Rochester, Fitzhugh and 
Carroll gave the land (166 feet on Main street by 264 feet on 
Fitzhugh), which is still used for the same purpose, and the 
corner stone was laid on the 4th of September, 1821, the 
building being completed a year later at a cost of $6,715.66. 
Only the older inhabitants can remember that first court- 
house. It is to please them, as well as to give information 
to the younger generation, that a description, given in the 
directory of 1827, * s subjoined : 

"The natural declivity of the ground is reduced to two 
platforms — the first on the level of Buffalo street, forming a 
neat yard in front of the building, which recedes seventy-five 
feet from the true line of the street, the other raised about 
six feet above the former and divided from it by the building 
itself and two wing walls of uniform appearance, presenting, 
toward Buffalo street, the aspect of an elevated terrace, but 
on a level with the streets immediately adjoining. This last, 
together with the yard of the First Presbyterian church, now 
comprehended within the same inclosure, forms a small square, 
laid out in grass plots and gravel walks, and needs only the 
further attention of the citizens, in planting it with shade 
trees and shrubbery, to render it a very pleasant and valuable 
accommodation as a public walk. This is now known by the 
name of Court square. The court-house building is fifty-four 
feet long, forty-four feet wide and forty high. It presents 
two fronts, the one facing Court square, showing two storeys 
and a base, the other toward Buffalo street, two storeys and a 
full basement. Each front is finished with a projecting 
portico, thirty feet long and ten feet wide, supported by four 
Ionic columns surmounted by a regular entablature and 
balustrade, which returns and continues along the whole 
front. From the center of the building arises an octagonal 
belfry, covered with a cupola. The basement affords con- 
venient offices for county and village purposes. The court- 
room is in the second storey, extending the entire length and 
breadth of the building, and is a remarkably well lighted and 
airy apartment." 

As a supplement to this long account, it may not be out 
of place to recall to the recollection of the older readers of 
this volume two one-storey structures that were erected on the 
front corners of the plaza a few years after the court-house 

History of Police Department 

was built. They were like two little Grecian temples (devoted 
to the worship of iEsculapius and Themis), of the Doric 
order of architecture, with porch and pillars and pediment 
all complete. The one on the Fitzhugh street corner was 
constructed by Drs. Elwood and Coleman, who used it as 
their office for some time, until it became a public building, 
occupied by the county clerk until the erection of the second 
court-house, when it was removed. The other classical 

George G. Cooper 
Police Commissioner, 1867 to 1877 

edifice, on the corner of Irving place, was raised by Vincent 
and Selah Mathews and used for a long time as their law 
offices. The county subsequently obtained possession of a 
portion of it for the surrogate, who occupied it till 1850, but 
it was not then, like its companion, torn down, but reverted 
to its original purpose as a private law office, and was suffered 
to remain until the Civil war time, when it was so much 
in the way of the recruiting tents that were scattered 
all about that it was at last removed. It had become an 
anachronism, it was wholly out of place, but it was an ancient 
landmark, and everyone was sorry to see it obliterated. 

Rochester, New York 

Of course the jail was erected in the same year, for what 
would be the use of having a county if they didn't have a 
county jail ? Of what was done before that with persons who 
from the vintage of the country became too merry or too 
ugly or too helpless, to say nothing of more serious offenders 
and of real criminals, no record whatever can be found ; they 
must have been confined somewhere, but where no one will 
ever know. It is impossible to give anything like a description 


Photo by J. W.Taylor FREDERICK ZlMMER 

Police Commissioner, 1873 to 1884 

that first place of involuntary detention. It stood on 
rth Fitzhugh street, then called Hughes street, on the 
present site of the German United Evangelical St. Paul's 
church. It contained two tiers of cells, divided by a hall 
through the center, and was inclosed with a high and 
formidable stone wall. It was situated in the rear of a 
commodious brick house, occupied by the jailer's family, and 
the two structures together cost the county $3,674.71. 
Having been used for its intended purpose for eleven years, 
it was, after the erection of the jail on the Island, occupied for 
a long time as a recruiting station for the United States army. 


Crime in Rochester 

The First Burglary — The Evil of Intemperance — 
The First Homicide — Name oe the Village 
Changed — Part of Brighton Annexed to Roch- 
ester — The Tread-Mill Advocated — Attempted 
Jail Delivery — A Singular Forgery — Increase 
of Power of the Trustees — The Morgan Ab- 

Turn we now to the darker side of life, to a search for 
the earliest recorded crime in Rochester. This is to be found 
in the Telegraph of August 21, 182 1, which contains a brief 
account of a burglary that had taken place a week before 
that in the store of Hart & Saxton, which was located on 
the spot where the Elwood block now stands. The clerks, 
who were sleeping in an adjoining room — after the custom of 
those times — were awakened by the noise made in attempting 
to break open the cash drawer, whereupon the thieves departed 
without taking with them any of the articles which they had 
removed from the shelves and piled on the counter. No 
mention is made of any arrests or any attempt to track the 

Intemperance was recognised as a prominent evil in 
early days, for the grand jury in their presentment to the 
court of General Sessions of the Peace for Monroe county, 
in 1821, condemned the increase of grog shops and of grocery 
stores in which liquor was sold, denounced the great want of 
fairness and honesty in the executive officers of the county 
and particularly the constables, and declared that a great 
dereliction of duty existed on the part of the justices of the 
peace. Passing counterfeit money seems to have been another 
prevalent failing at that time ; but the western country was 

Rochester, New York 31 

then so flooded with spurious bills that the frequent arrests 
did little good, for the holder of the defective notes was as 
often an innocent victim as an intentional wrong-doer. 

On the 27th of October, 1821, five of the state prisoners 
at work on the aqueduct of the Erie canal availed themselves 
of the moment when all were retreating from a blast that was 
about to be discharged, to make their escape. The services of 
the village guardians were not, however, called into requisition 
in pursuit of the fugitives, for the newspaper account of the 
affair says that they were chased by the guard — evidently a 
body of men employed by the state — and four were retaken 
after one of them had been wounded by a bayonet thrust. 
While the officers were pursuing the fifth absconder the 
injured man was left alone, whereupon he naturally seized 
the opportunity and fled away. 

It would rather seem, though it is not certain, that in 
1822 the number of the night watch must have been increased 
from one to a plurality, because the freeholders in that year 
voted to raise a tax of two hundred dollars to support that 
body. Raphael Beach was elected collector and constable, 
having held that double office for the previous year (following 
therein George G. Sill and Charles Millard), and was re-elected 
four times afterward. Solomon Close was, at the annual town 
meeting held in Gates, elected constable and collector, which 
probably gave him no jurisdiction in Rochester, although the 
village was in that town. On the 12th of April the name of 
the corporation was changed by legislative enactment from 
Rochesterville to Rochester, an alteration that was necessary 
only to make law conform to custom, as the longer title 
had never been used except in official documents or legal 
papers.* The first homicide in Monroe county, so far as 
known, which did not take place in Rochester but in the 
town of Gates outside of the village, occurred in July of 
this year, when a man named Nichols, after a quarrel with 
Squire Hill, struck the latter'on the head, inflicting a wound 

*It is worthy of mention that of the very few misstatements in the 
directory of 1827 is one to the effect that the name was changed in 1819, 
and that error has been reproduced a thousand times An examination of 
the session laws shows that no act relating in any. way to Rochester was 
passed in that year. 

History of Police Department 

from which he died a few days later. Nichols was lodged in 
the county jail, but he escaped, was retaken and then got 
away again. He was probably not recaptured the second 
time, for no record of his trial can be found. The fourth 
village census was taken in September, showing that the 
population had nearly doubled in two years, the number 
given as permanent residents being 2,700, besides 430 laborers 
on the public works. 

Henry C. Daniels , 

Police Commissioner, 1877 to 1880 - ! 

Following the chronological system of narration, the 
record for 1823 will comprise only the following items : 
Addison Gardiner, afterward so distinguished as a judge was 
appointed a justice of the peace? by. Governor Yates. On the 
10th of April the legislature passed an act annexing to 
Rochester a part of the town of Brighton, thereby makine- 
the village extend on both sides of the river. On the 2 ?d f 
April the body of a man with his throat cut was found by 

Rochester, New York 


the side of the Ridge road, in the town of Parma ; no trace 
of the murderer was ever found. Toward the close of the 
year the inhabitants voted a tax of one hundred and sixty 
dollars " for supporting a village night watch during the 

Opinions seemed to differ as to the average moral character 
of the community, for the Rochester Telegraph of February 
10, 1824, after making the somewhat extreme statement that 
" probably no place in the Union of the size of Rochester is 
so much infested with the dregs and outcasts of society as 
this village," mentions the fact that a meeting had been held 
during the previous week at which a committee was appointed 
to draft a petition to the legislature for the passage of a law 
to erect a tread-mill — or " stepping-mill," as it was called. 
The newspaper applauds the scheme, as providing something 
like an adequate punishment for minor offenders and as likely 
to prove such a terror to peripatetic criminals that they would 
stay away from this region. Whether such an act was ever 
introduced in the legislature is not known ; it was certainly 
never enacted into a law. Public sentiment against this 
form of torture has since that time steadily progressed, but 
the degrading punishment lingered long in some of the 
English prisons, where it has only lately come to an end, 
being finally abolished in 1902. 

One is somewhat perplexed in reading the presentment 
of the grand jury at the March term in that year of the 
Circuit court and court of Oyer and Terminer, in which it 
speaks twice of " the village police " and both times in most 
uncomplimentary terms. The word must have been used in 
an academic sense, to denote the whole intangible system of 
public protection and preservation of the peace — or possibly 
the entire village government — for there were no police, in 
our sense of the word, and the term " policeman " was not 
applied to any person till many years afterward. There may 
have been some persons who gave their services as volunteer 
guardians during the daytime, though they had no official 
standing, for their names do not appear on any records. The 
number of night watch could not have been materially 
increased, for from this time on no specific mention is made 



History of Police Department 

of any appropriation for their support. On the evening of 
July 31 of that year a desperate attempt at escape was 
made by the prisoners confined in the jail. The plot was 
carefully formed, but, as often happens in such cases, its very 
elaborateness caused its undoing, and the sheriff, John T. 
Patterson, received information in some way of the projected 
enterprise. The noise in the corridor about ten o'clock made 

Photo by J, W. Taylor 

Jacob Howe, Jr. 
Police Commissioner, 1880 to 1S84 

it evident that the prisoners had got out of their cells and 
were preparing for their final exit. At that moment the 
sheriff opened the door, armed with pistols and accompanied 
by a few citizens whom he had called upon for assistance. 
The lights were thereupon blown out by the prisoners, several 
of whom made a rush to seize Mr. Patterson, who fired his 
pistol, though without effect, owing to the darkness. A 
conflict ensued between the two parties, in which iron bars 

Rochester, New York 35 

and hickory clubs were used as the weapons, and the struggle 
ceased not until most of the prisoners, as well as several of 
the citizens, were considerably injured. That ended the riot 
and the undertaking. In the October circuit John H. Ribby 
was convicted of manslaughter in killing his wife, under 
circumstances of unusual brutality and was sentenced by 
Judge William B. Rochester to state prison for fourteen years. 
Morally it was murder, but, as the woman lived for a week 
after the husband had beaten and kicked her, he got off with 
the sentence of a few years for manslaughter. 

What seems the undue lenity of the sentence in this 
case was offset by the severity of that imposed on Samuel 
Jones at the court of Oyer and Terminer held in the following 
April, Judge Walworth, of Saratoga county, presiding. The 
prisoner, who was charged with forgery, was convicted and 
sentenced to state prison for life. He was defended by Messrs. 
Lee, Marvin and Dickson, while Messrs. Chapin and Hosmer 
assisted the district-attorney, Vincent Matthews, in the 
prosecution. The story of a crime so heinous as to warrant 
the penalty of exclusion forever from the sunlight may as 
well be told in the words of one of the village weeklies of 
that time : 

" The trial disclosed as bold, and for a time as successful, 
a piece of villainy as can be found in the annals of forgery. 
In the year 1814 Jones came from Massachusetts to reside in 
this vicinity. Being poor, he engaged as a hired laborer. In 
the family where he resided he made accidental discovery of 
the tenure of title by which one thousand acres of valuable 
land in Brighton was held, and conceived the project of 
possessing himself of this land by forging a chain of titles 
from the original grantor to his father. He was ignorant and 
illiterate, but the resources of his mind were considerable. 
By a train of operations he had so far effected his purpose 
that in the year 1821 he commenced an ejectment suit to 
dispossess one of the settlers of this tract. While this suit 
was pending he went to Ohio, and, with the aid of accomplices 
there, manufactured a deed for the thousand acres, bearing 
the date of 1790. This deed was presented at the Circuit 
court held at Rochester by Judge Piatt, and was so fully 
supported by perjured witnesses that it prevailed. Jones 
recovered and turned out of possession the honest purchaser 


History of Police Department 

and occupant of two hundred acres, being a part of the tract. 
He then, by other suits and negotiations, obtained possession 
of the whole premises comprised in the forged deed, which 
he occupied for more than a year. But here providence 
interposed to disclose his villainy. By great perseverance 
and exertions the facts were, one by one, brought to light. 
The trial, which began with about sixty witnesses attending 
on behalf of the people, who were collected from three or 

Photo bu J. W. Taylor 

James D. Casey 

Police Commissioner, 1884 to 1899 

And Commissioner of Public Safety, 1900-1901 

four different states, occupied less than two days, and the 
verdict was speedily rendered." 

How different would be the result of such an affair in 
these times ! After repeated delays and postponements and 
motions and stays and appeals and new trials, the culprit, if 
he really had to undergo any punishment at all beyond the 
payment of extortionate counsel fees, would get off with a 
few years of imprisonment, certainly not enough to prevent 

Rochester, New York 37 

his returning home before his younger children had finished 

their education. Have we grown more tender-hearted, or is 

it that we are more indifferent to the perpetration of crime ? 

One census was not enough for 1825 ; the village 

authorities took the enumeration in February, making the 

population 4,274, and the state officials did it again in August, 

making the number 5,273. Perhaps it was that increase of 

nearly twenty-five per cent, in six months that made the 

people of the little settlement ambitious to have their village 

become a city. It may seem a ridiculous aspiration in these 

days of gigantic municipalities, but the scheme was widely 

agitated during the fall though it was finally abandoned in 

favor of the proposition to amend the charter by granting 

increased powers to the board of trustees. It will be 

remembered how restricted those were by the terms of the 

act of incorporation, and it is no wonder that the trustees 

chafed under their limitations. So the new charter was 

prepared to obviate that difficulty; and also dividing the 

village into five wards, the first three on the west side of the 

river, the fourth and fifth on the east, in what had been 

Brighton ; in that shape the act passed the legislature in the 

following year. 

The year of 1826 was memorable in criminal annals as 
that in which the abduction of Morgan took place. William 
Morgan was a man of rather low character and of intemperate 
habits, a printer by trade, who had previously lived in 
Rochester but had wandered off and settled in Batavia. 
While here he had been admitted into the order of Free 
Masonry, but he never advanced to any high degree in the 
fraternity and indeed was not in good standing. From some 
cause he conceived a hatred against the order and declared 
his intention of publishing a book revealing its secrets. 
After it was known that the book was really being put in 
type, efforts were made to suppress it, but threats and offered 
bribes were of no avail, for Morgan's stubborn nature refused 
to let him yield after he had gone so far. A series of petty 
persecutions then began, and he was repeatedly put in jail 
for small debts. Finally he was taken from his home in 
Batavia, on a charge of petty larceny in that he had borrowed 

38 History of Police Department 

a shirt from a landlord in Canandaigua and had not returned 
it, and was carried off to the latter village to be tried. There 
the charge was dismissed, but he was immediately re-arrested 
for a debt of two dollars, which he admitted, and was lodged 
in jail. That was on the nth of September, and, so far 
as is known, he was never seen again as a free man. On the 
following night, several men came to the jail, paid the debt 
and the costs and took Morgan away with them in a carriage, 

Joseph W. Rosenthal, 
Police Commissioner, 1884 to r888 

in spite of the struggles of the prisoner, who received no 
assistance, as the jailer was absent and the business was 
transacted with the wife of that official. Morgan's wife 
became alarmed over his prolonged absence from home, and 
her individual excitement soon spread among her neighbors 
and thence all over the state. Indictments were soon found 
for abduction, against four residents of Canandaigua, two of 
whom, at least, were prominent citizens, and, when they came 
to trial, although a formidable array of counsel, consisting of 
John C. Spencer, Mark H. Sibley, Walter Hubbell and H. F. 

Rochester, New York 39 

Penfield, appeared to defend them, three of them pleaded 
guilty and were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment, 
one of them, the person who had actually paid the fine, 
getting two years in the county jail. A Morgan committee 
was formed, through whose efforts the route taken by the 
carriage or other vehicles containing the prisoner was traced, 
stage by stage, from Canandaigua through this city down to 
the Ridge road and thence west to Lewiston, where, as was 
alleged, he was taken across the Niagara river to Canada. 
Governor De Witt Clinton made every effort to have him 
traced further, but was unsuccessful. The excitement 
increased rather than diminished during the next three 
years, during which time a great number of indictments, 
most of them for abduction, were found in five different 
counties of the state, against sheriffs, deputy sheriffs and 
others, and some convictions were obtained, though in most 
cases the jury disagreed. As to Morgan's fate, nothing was 
ever positively known, but the circumstantial evidence elicited 
seemed to warrant the belief that, after being kept for some 
time in an old magazine in Fort Niagara, he was put into a 
boat, rowed out into the river and drowned. No one now 
believes, or has believed for more than half a century, that 
the Masonic body, as such, had anything to do with the 
affair or was cognisant of even the first steps taken, but in that 
unhappy time the widespread indignation was indiscriminating 
against the whole order, so that in 1829 a ^ the Masonic 
bodies in Rochester and the surrounding country terminated 
their existence by surrendering their charters to the grand 
lodge. Some fourteen years later, the excitement having 
passed away, the lodges resumed their charters and the 
fraternity became stronger in this community than ever 


The Growth of the Village 

Ordinances of the Board of Trustees — Morality 
Strictly Maintained — Village Constables — 
Basil Hall's "Travels in North America" — 
His Description of Rochester — Phenomenal 
Activity of the Village — Sam Patch's Leap to 
Death — Sabbatarian Agitation — The Second 
Jail Built. 

The increase of authority in the hands of the trustees 
seems to have worked advantageously, for the directory of 
1827 takes occasion, under the heading "The Police," to 
remark: "The powers of the board of trustees are believed 
to comprehend everything necessary to secure and enforce 
neatness, regularity, good order, and safety by night and by 
day, within the precincts of the corporation, and efficiently to 
restrain whatever may be offensive, or detrimental to decency, 
good morals or religion." To attain these various desirable 
ends, the board adopted a number of ordinances, of which the 
following may be mentioned : No person was to keep above 
twelve pounds of gunpowder in any house within the village, 
nor even that quantity except in close canisters, under a 
penalty of twenty dollars ; a fine of ten dollars was imposed for 
constructing insecure chimneys to any house or manufactory, 
or for failing to obey the directions of fire wardens in things 
relating to security against fire or for failing to keep fireplaces 
in good repair so as to be safe, the same amount being levied 
on each of the firemen for each neglect of duty at a conflagra- 
tion ; while five dollars had to. be paid for every violation of 
the rules that each house should have a scuttle in the roof 
and stairs to the same, that fire buckets should be kept in 
each house, that fireplaces should be cleaned every three 

Rochester, New York 


months, that no candle or fire should be kept or carried in an 
exposed manner in any livery stable, that no person should 
burn shavings, chips or straw within fifty feet of any building, 
that all bell-ringers were bound to ring on an alarm of fire, 
that the inhabitants must obey the orders of the chief engineer 
and fire wardens at fires, and that no one but those officials 
must give any orders at such times. 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Jacob A. Hoekstra 
Police Commissioner, 1888 to 1895 

The foregoing shows that the dread of fire continued to 
be dominant with the trustees, but at the same time they had 
their eyes open to the interest of "good morals or religion," 
as shown by the fact that, while shows of all kinds were 
prohibited unless special license were obtained,- the penalty 
being ten dollars, theatrical representations were absolutely 
forbidden, as being a thing accursed, so that for transgressing 
that ordinance a principal or manager had to pay, or would 


History of Police Department 

have had to pay, twenty-five dollars for each offense, subordi- 
nate actors a smaller sum, and circus riders were equally 
under the ban; no nine-pin alley could be kept, under a 
penalty of five dollars a day, while the sanctity of the Sabbath 
was preserved by the provision that masters of canal boats 
should pay two dollars if they suffered any horn or bugle to 
be blown on that day, and grocers had to pay ten dollars if 

Charles C. Chapin 
Police Commissioner, 1896 to 1899 

they sold liquors or served customers at that- time. The 
neatness and good order mentioned above were maintained 
by appropriate requirements, such as one compelling house- 
keepers to sweep and clean the sidewalks opposite their 
dwellings every Saturday from the first day of April to the 
first of November. 

The little directory gives the names of the officers of the 
corporation at that time, among them those of Raphael Beach 
as collector and constable and Stephen Symonds as constable. 

Rochester, New York 43 

A careful search among the list of inhabitants shows that 
each of these two persons is designated as a " village constable," 
while the occupation of seven others — namely, Butler Bard- 
well, Stephen B. Bartlett, Alexander Kenyou, Mitchell Loder, 
Aaron Newton, Nelson Thompson and Jesse Newton — is 
given as that of "constable." This would seem to indicate, 
though perhaps not with certainty, that the seven were 
simply court attendants, with no duties outside the halls of 
justice, the maintenance of order and the power of making 
arrests, during the daytime, being left entirely with Beach 
and Symonds. A little later in the year Stephen Symonds 
and Robert H. Stevens were elected constables, in 1828 
Alonzo Bull and Orville Crane, in 1829 Adonijah Green and 
Aaron Newton, in 1830 Cornelius Campbell and Henry M. 
Hubbard, in 1831 Seth Simmons and Truman Jackson, in 
1832 Cornelius Campbell and Seth Simmons, and in 1833 
Abraham W. Sedgwick and Marcus Moses. That was the 
end of the village constables. 

We have seen what was said about Rochester by its own 
inhabitants, both those who praised it without discrimination 
and those who were severe in their strictures, perhaps like 
some fond parents who find fault with their children in order 
to hear them commended by others. Let us now see what 
impression was produced on the mind of a foreign visitor at 
this time, a man of unusual powers of observation and of 
more than ordinary skill in narration, Capt. Basil Hall, a 
distinguished officer of the British navy, but who is far less 
known for his achievements in that profession than for his 
description of his travels in North America. Perhaps the 
extract may seem rather long, and the criticism may be made 
that it is not relevant to the theme of this book, but I shall 
offer no apologies to my readers, for I think that they will not 
only be pleased by the style of the narrative, but will perceive, 
on reflection, that the story shows clearly the orderly activity 
of the place and indicates that there was no need of any large 
police force where there were so many busy workers, so few 
mischievous idlers. Capt. Hall says : 

"On the 25th of June we drove across the country [from 
Canandaigua] to the village of Rochester, which is built on 


History of Police Department 

the banks of the Genesee river, just above some beautiful 
waterfalls. The Erie canal passes through the heart of this 
singular village and strides across the river on a noble 
aqueduct of stone. Rochester is celebrated all over the Union 
as presenting one of the most striking instances of rapid 
increase in size and population of which that country affords 
any example. The chief source of its commercial and 
agricultural prosperity is the canal, as the village is made the 

B. Frank Enos 
Police Clerk, i8yi to i8p8 

emporium of the rich agricultural districts bordering on the 
Genesee river. In proportion as the soil is brought into 
cultivation, or subdued, to use the local phrase, the consumers 
will become more numerous and their means more extensive. 
Thus the demands of the surrounding country must go on 
augmenting rapidly, and, along with them, both the imports 
and the exports of every kind will increase in proportion. 
Out of more than 8,000 souls in this gigantic young village, 
there was not to be found in 1827 a single grown-up person 
born there, the oldest native not being then seventeen years 
of age." * 

*He may refer to Mary, daughter of Isaac W. Stone, and afterward wife 
of John F. Bush, who was born August 16, 1811, on St. Paul street, in what 
was then Brighton, though it had become a part of Rochester before Basil 
Hall was here. 

Rochester, New York 


After giving some extracts of statistics from the valuable 
directory of that year, to which reference has been made more 
than once, the captain goes on : 

" We strolled through the village under the guidance of ' 
a most obliging and intelligent friend, a native of this part 
of the country. Everything in this bustling place appeared 
to be in motion. The very streets seemed to be starting up 
of their own accord, ready made and looking as fresh and new 

James G. Cutler 
Commissioner of Public Safety, /poo 

as if they had been turned out of the workmen's hands but an 
.hour before, or that a great boxful of new houses had been 
sent by steam from New York and tumbled out on the half- 
cleared land. The canal banks were at some places still 
unturfed ; the lime seemed hardly dry in the masonry of the 
aqueduct, in the bridges and in the numberless great sawmills 
and manufactories. In many of these buildings the people 
were at work below stairs, while at top the carpenters were 
busy nailing on the planks of the roof. Some dwellings were 
half painted, while the foundations of others, within five 


History of Police Department 

yards' distance, were only beginning. I cannot say how 
many churches, court-houses, jails and hotels I counted, all 
in motion, creeping upward. Several streets were nearly 
finished, but had not as yet received their names, and many 
others were in the reverse predicament, being named but not 
commenced, their local habitation being merely signified by 
lines of stakes. Here and there we saw great warehouses, 
without window sashes, but half filled with goods and furnished 
with hoisting cranes, ready to fish up the huge pyramids of 
flour barrels, bales and boxes lying in the streets. In the 
center of the town the spire of a Presbyterian church rose to 
a great height, and on each side of the supporting tower was 

Early Police Officers 

to be seen the dial-plate of a clock, of which the machinery, 
in the hurry-skurry, had been left in New York. I need not 
say that these half-finished, whole-finished and embryo streets 
were crowded with people, carts, stages, cattle, pigs, far beyond 
the reach of numbers, and as all these were lifting up their 
voices together, in keeping with the clatter of hammers, the 
ringing of axes and the creaking of machinery, there was a 
fine concert, I assure you. 

"But it struck us that the interest of the town, for it 
seems idle to call it a village, was subordinate to that of the 
suburbs. A few years ago the whole of that part of the 
country was covered with a dark, silent forest, and, even as it 
was, we could not proceed a mile in any direction except that 
of the high road, without coming full-butt against the woods 
of time immemorial. After we had gone about a mile from 
town the forest thickened, we lost sight of every trace of a 

Rochester, New York 47 

human dwelling or of human interference with nature in any 
shape. We stood considering what we should do next, when 
the loud crash of a falling tree met our ears. Our friendly 
guide was quite glad, he said, to have this opportunity of 
exhibiting the very first step in the process of town-making. 
After a zigzag scramble amongst trees which had been allowed 
to grow and decay for century after century, we came to a 
spot where three or four men were employed in clearing out 
a street, as they declared, though anything more unlike a 
street could not well be conceived. Nevertheless, the ground 
in question certainly formed part of the plan of the town. It 
had been chalked out by the. surveyors' stakes, and some 
speculators, having taken up the lots for immediate building, 
of course found it necessary to open a street through the 
woods, to afford a line of communication with the rest of the 
village. As fast as the trees were cut down they were stripped 
of their branches and drawn off by oxen, sawed into planks 
or otherwise fashioned to the purposes of building, without 
one moment's delay. There was little or no exaggeration, 
therefore, in supposing, with our friend, that the same fir 
which might be waving about in full life and vigor in the 
morning should be cut down, dragged into daylight, squared, 
framed, and before night be hoisted up to make a beam or 
rafter to some tavern or factory or store, at the corner of a 
street which twenty-four hours before had existed only on 
paper, and yet which might be completed, from end to end, 
within a week afterward." 

A little later they encountered a gentleman of pleasing 
address who had been hunting and had quite a supply of 
game hanging at his saddle-bow. After a few moments of 
agreeable conversation the sportsman rode on, and the guide 
gave the information that he was the dancing master of the 
village, whereupon, our author remarks: "After laughing a 
little, I don't well know why, I acknowledged myself well 
pleased to have witnessed so undeniable a symptom of refine- 
ment peeping out amongst the rugged manners of the forest. 
At first sight it would seem that, where people are so intensely 
busy, their habits must almost necessarily, according to all 
analogy, partake in some degree of the unpolished nature of 
their occupations, and, consequently, they must be more or 
less insensible to the value of such refinements. I was, 
therefore, glad to see so good a proof, as far as it went, of my 

History of Police Department 

being in error." Very true, but it seems a little strange that 
the trustees, who suppressed so rigidly all dramatic entertain- 
ments, should have tolerated the practice of so frivolous a 

For the next three years but little can be found to be 
noticed in the domain of crime and folly, except that the 
increase in habits of intoxication caused the first public 


Captain, i8ji to 1882 

temperance meeting to be held here in 1828; Sam Patch 
took his own life, though not intentionally, in 1829, ^Y 
jumping over the falls in the presence of an immense throng, 

* Capt. Hall carried with him during his travels in this country a camera 
lucida, an invention that had been recently perfected by Dr. Wollaston, and 
with the aid of this ingenious mechanism he made as many as forty etchings 
that were afterward reproduced and published in a separate volume. That 
book, of which a limited number of copies were issued, has become extremely 
valuable on account of its rarity. A copy owned by a friend of the present 
writer has been kindly loaned for the purpose of reproducing a picture which 
is called "the village of Rochester" and which shows the first court-house, 
with the Presbyterian church in the rear and adjacent stores in the fore- 
ground. It will be found opposite the title-page of this volume. 

Rochester, New York 49 

and in 1830 Joseph Smith, the founder of a creed that has 
not tended to the betterment of the world, tried unsuccessfully 
to get Thurlow Weed to publish the Mormon Bible, from 
plates which he professed to have dug up near Palmyra in 
the early part of that year. 

A spasm of morality seemed to come over the western 
part of the state about this time, the most feverish manifesta- 
tion of it being in Rochester, where the orthodox people had 
long been scandalised by the passage of canal boats on the 
Sabbath. The trustees had silenced the music of the 
melodious bugle on that day, but with that their power 
ended, further progress must be made by moral pressure, and 
so popular meetings were held at which the iniquity of 
traveling on Sunday, whether by boat or by stage coach, was 
denounced in violent terms ; those who continued to do so 
were roundly abused, a kind of religious boycott was put in 
force and finally a string of stages, the Pioneer line, was 
established, which was to run only on week-days, the expense 
of which, about sixty thousand dollars, was shared mainly by 
Aristarchus Champion, Josiah Bissell and A. W. Riley and 
was almost a total loss, for the line was a failure, though it 
was productive of an improvement in the comfort of public 
vehicles. The other side was equally vehement and embraced 
men equally prominent with the would-be reformers. On 
January 14, 1831, a large meeting of "the friends of liberal 
principles and equal rights" was held to protest against 
proposed Sabbatarian laws and against the religious test used 
in courts of justice. Whatever may be thought of the struggle 
over the main question, one action of this meeting will 
commend itself to all. After passing a resolution calling 
upon the legislature to abolish imprisonment for debt, as 
being odious, unjust and a relic of barbarism, those present 
took up a collection to discharge the financial obligations of 
the persons then imprisoned on that account, the money was 
paid over to the deputy jailer that evening, the jail doors 
were opened and all the debtors were released. 

The doors were opened for all, though not to the 
enlargement of the inmates, a year later, for the second jail 
was completed in 1832, having been begun in the previous 


50 History of Police Department 

year. It cost $13,412.56, including $1,250.19 for the lot, 
from which may be deducted $2,600 that was realised from 
the sale of the old structure on Fitzhugh street. This second 
jail stood on the artificial island formed by the river and the 
bend of the Fitzhugh and Carroll race, on the site now 
occupied by the train-shed of the Erie railroad station, south 
of Court street. The building was one hundred feet long by 
forty feet wide, built entirely of stone and so close to the 

Charles McCormick 
Captain, 1&S5 to iSgs 

river that the waters washed its eastern foundation wall. In 
the main prison, which was sixty by forty feet, was a block 
of forty cells in two tiers, each cell being four feet wide, eight 
feet long and seven feet high, while above them was a room 
of the whole area of the prison, which at a later period was 
fitted up with cells of a larger size. The jailer's dwelling, 
which formed a part of the edifice, was forty feet square and 
three storeys high, the third floor being divided into seven 
rooms intended for debtors, for women and for men charged 
with minor offenses. The last-named class were commonly 

Rochester, New York 51 

employed in making furniture, in weaving, tailoring and 
shoemaking. Henry O'Reilly, in his "Sketches of Rochester 
and Western New York," published in 1838, says: 

"During last summer the men under sentence were 
employed in breaking stone in the yard ; the lowest number 
thus employed at any one time was fifteen and the highest 
thirty-eight; the average number of prisoners in the whole 
jail for the year ending October 4, 1837, was about fifty. 
Edwin Avery, the late jailer, kept in the yard a man and a 
boy to assist in governing the prisoners engaged in outdoor 
work. All the prisoners inside were managed solely by 
himself. It gives us great pleasure to bear testimony to the 
exemplary manner in which he discharged his duties, not 
merely as a public officer but as a humane citizen. He 
deserves much credit for meliorating the condition of the 
prisoners by inducing them to labor voluntarily in various 
useful ways and for endeavoring to promote the education of 
boys and other prisoners who could conveniently be taught 
in the upper part of the building. We doubt not that the 
present jailer, Ephraim Gilbert, will continue efforts so 
happily begun for improving the condition of the vicious or 
unfortunate who may be thrown in his charge. In considering 
the number of prisoners it should be borne in mind that the 
county from which they are collected is exceeded in size by 
only four counties in the state." 

This second jail stood for more than half a century, and 
during the latter period of its existence it became a disgrace 
to the county, from the neglect of the board of supervisors to 
keep it in decent repair or to build a new one. Escape from 
it became more and more easy, especially in the summer 
weather, when the river bed was dry and the fugitives could 
walk across it after letting themselves down from the 
windows; in fact, it became easier to get out of jail than 
to get into it. 


Rochester a City 

The First Officers of the Municipality — The New 
Charter — The City Marshal — Organisation of 
the Watchmen — Location of Police Office and 
Lock-up — The Question of Licenses — Friction 
between the Mayor and the Common Council — 
Resignation of Mayor Child. 

By 1834 Rochester had grown large enough and rich 
enough to entitle it to incorporation as a city. Its population, 
according to the directory of that year, was 12,252, its trade 
and commerce were continually increasing and its supremacy 
of influence was recognised throughout the western portion 
of the state. So the legislature passed the desired law on the 
28th of April, and on the 2d of June the freeholders and 
inhabitants held their last village meeting, electing five 
aldermen, with as many assistants, five assessors and five 
constables. The other officers were chosen by the Common 
Council a week later, completing, as follows, the list of the 
first officers of the new municipality: Mayor, Jonathan 
Child; recorder, Isaac Hills; aldermen — first ward, Lewis 
Brooks; assistant, John Jones; second ward, Thomas Kemp- 
shall ; assistant, Elijah F. Smith ; third ward, Frederick F. 
Backus; assistant, Jacob Thorn; fourth ward, Ashbel W. 
Riley ; assistant, Lansing B. Swan ; fifth ward, Jacob Graves ; 
assistant, Henry Kennedy; clerk of the Common Council, 
John C. Nash ; attorney and counsellor, Vincent Matthews ; 
marshal, Ephraim Gilbert; treasurer, Elihu F. Marshall; 
superintendent, Samuel Works; chief engineer of the fire 
department, William H. Ward; assistants, Theodore Chapin 
and Kilian H. Van Rensselaer ; fire wardens — first ward, John 
Haywood and Abelard Reynolds; second ward, John Jones 

Rochester, New York 


and Willis Kempshall; third ward, Erasmus D. Smith and 
Thomas H. Rochester; fourth ward, Nehemiah Osburn and 
Obadiah N. Bush ; fifth ward, Daniel Graves and Bill Colby ; 
assessors, John Haywood, Ephraim Gilbert, Daniel Loomis, 
Horatio N. Curtis and Orrin E. Gibbs ; justices of the peace, 
Thomas H. Dunning, Samuel Miller and Nathaniel Draper; 
police justice, Sidney Smith ; street inspectors, Harmon Taylor, 
Silas Ball, Eleazar Tillotson, John Coulter and John Gifford ; 

WmiiM Keith 
Captain, 1885 to 1894. 

school inspectors, G. H. Mumford, E. S. Marsh, Moses Chapin, 
Joseph Edgell and Samuel Tuttle ; constables, Cornelius 
Fielding, Joseph Putnam, Isaac Weston, Sluman W. Harris 
and Philander Davis; overseers of the poor, William G. 
Russell and William C. Smith ; sealer of weights and measures, 
E. A. Miller; sexton of West burying-ground, Z. Norton. 

It may be well to give a synopsis of those provisions of 
the new charter that were applicable to our department. The 
compactly inhabited part of the city was constituted the 


History of Police Department 

"lamp and watch district," the limits of which were to be 
prescribed annually by the Common Council, and a separate 
column was to be provided in the assessment rolls for the tax 
to be imposed upon the real estate within that district, and 
upon the personal property of all persons living therein, "to 
defray the expense of lighting the city and compensating 
watchmen and for the prevention and extinguishment of 
fires," it being carefully provided that the sum " to be appro- 


Old Center Market, on Front Street 
The Police Headquarters and the Police Court were in the north wing 

priated to the lighting of the city and for the support of a 
night watch" should not exceed $1500. As might be 
expected, the most elaborate provisions were made against the 
dreaded igneous enemy, the powers delegated to the council 
for this purpose being almost unlimited and so minutely 
expressed as to constitute practically a code of fire ordinances 
in themselves. Nothing was said about the number of 
watchmen to be appointed, that being evidently left to the 
council, but the discretion was not very wide considering 
the amount of compensation to which they were confined. 
Five constables were to be elected by the people, one from 
each ward, who were to give satisfactory bonds for their 

Rochester, New York 55 

proper delivery of such money as they might collect. The 
title of city marshal is a high-sounding one and in New 
England the office carries with it much dignity and power, 
but here the person filling it seems to have been only a sort 
of head constable, serving warrants issued by the city treasurer 
against delinquent collectors and also executing processes 
from the mayor's court. The office came to an end in 1850. 

With the creation of the city, some slight changes took 
place in our department, though the members of it were not 
for twenty years more to be known as policemen. We have 
seen that there was a night watch ever since 1819, the power 
of arrest during the daytime resting with the constables and 
with the trustees of the village. One might suppose that 
with the assumption of city life it would have been thought 
a matter of becoming dignity, if not a measure of safety, to 
have a day watch as well as the band of nocturnal guardians, 
if, indeed, there were more than one of them at that time. 
But there is no evidence that such was the case. At the 
meeting of the Common Council on July 17, 1834, the board, 
on motion of Ass't-Alderman Swan, appointed Newton Rose, 
Edwin Avery and William Wilbur as city watchmen, with 
the first-named as captain of the watch. The captain was 
empowered to procure three hats suitable for the use of the 
watchmen, and the watch were ordered, by vote of the board, 
to patrol the watch district of the city from ten o'clock at 
night to the succeeding daylight. So that all the transforma- 
tion that occurred consisted in the recognition as city officials 
of those who — or their predecessors — had been merely paid 
employees, besides which they were now to be equipped with 
head-covering at the expense of the government. 

At the same meeting of the council the city attorney 
was directed to draw an ordinance relating to watchmen, 
regulating their powers and duties, and the lamp and watch 
committee was directed to report a suitable section of the city 
for the location of a watch-house. This would seem to 
indicate that up to that time the jail, perhaps both the first 
and the second one, had been used for the nightly housing of 
all offenders, of those who were too much intoxicated to get 
home as well as those who had committed some serious 


History of Police Department 








Rochester, New York 


crime, for certainly they must all have been locked up some- 
where. The committee having reported, at the next meeting, 
in favor of the southwest corner of the basement of the 
court-house, that apartment was at once fitted up with the 
requisite number of cells, and for the next sixteen years all 
those who passed by on the much-frequented thoroughfare of 
South Fitzhugh street were saddened by the constant sight of 
the gratings and oftentimes by that of the vicious or mournful 
countenances behind the bars. It may be as well, even at 
the risk of some repetition, to note, in this place, the various 
changes of location both of the lock-up, or police cells, and of 
the police court room, which was also in the basement of the 
court-house until that structure was torn down in 1850 to 
make way for the new county building. The watch-house 
was then removed to an old stone structure on the southwest 
corner of West Main (then Buffalo) and Sophia streets, while 
the police court was taken across the street, to the present 
site of the Powers Hotel. It was not long, however, before 
both were transferred to the north wing of the old city 
market, on Front street, which up to that time had been used 
as an armory for the Union Grays and other militia companies. 
The cells were located in the basement, with the court-room 
above, and there both of them remained till 1873, when the 
ancient edifice was demolished, to make way for a new city 
building, in which both instrumentalities of municipal justice 
took up their location in 1874, having spent the intervening 
year on North Water street, near Mortimer. The stay in the 
new quarters was equally short-lived, for in 1875 they were 
moved into the new city hall, then just completed, where they 
remained till the erection of the central police station on 
Exchange street in 1895. 

Mayor Child would, in the ordinary course of events, 
have held office for a year and a half, the term after that 
being one year, it being the object of the charter-makers to 
have the beginning and end of the mayor's incumbency six 
months distant from those of the Common Council. All 
went smoothly enough for the first year, though there was a 
little friction over the granting of licenses by the council, 
which at that time acted as a board of excise. Mr. Child, 

5 8 

History of Police Department 






Rochester, New York 5q 

who was one of the noblest of our citizens, was a strong 
temperance man, even perhaps an extremist, but he yielded 
to the will of the board, which was inclined to be careful and 
discriminating. But when a new council, which was elected 
in June of the following year, showed a disposition to open 
the doors a good deal wider, he felt that the situation had 
become intolerable to him. He therefore sent in a message 
in which he stated that the former board, although opposed 
to licensing in general, had given four licenses to grocers to 
sell ardent spirits because they supposed that a gradual reform 
on their part would meet the general sentiment better than a 
plenary refusal ; that on that occasion he had sacrificed his 
judgment to the desires of the majority, but that as an 
individual, both then and since, he had constantly objected 
to that measure and to every approach to it in the issuing of 
grocers' licenses. He then mentioned the fact that the new 
board had granted numerous licenses, and continued : 

" It becomes incumbent on me, in my official character, 
to sanction and sign these papers. I do not, gentlemen, 
impugn in any respect, directly or impliedly, your motives 
or judgment in acceding to these and similar applications, 
but I am constrained to act in accordance with my own 
solemn convictions of moral duty. When I find myself so 
situated in my official station as to be obliged either to violate 
these high obligations or to stand in opposition to the declared 
wishes of a large majority of the board, and through them of 
their constituents, my valued friends and fellow-citizens, I 
dare not retain the public station which exposes me to this 
unhappy dilemma. Under- these circumstances, it seems to 
me equally the claim of moral duty and self-respect, of a 
consistent regard to my former associates, of just deference to 
the present board, and of submission to the supposed will of 
the people, that I should no longer retain the responsible 
situation with which I have been honored. I therefore now 
most respectfully resign into your hands the office of mayor 
of the city of Rochester." 

A committee consisting of Aldermen Matthew Brown, 
H. I/. Stevens and Isaac R. Elwood, to which the matter was 
referred, presented a long report justifying the action of the 
board and arguing against the wisdom of the action of the 
mayor. The resignation was then accepted, apparently with- 


History of Police Department 

out opposition, if not without regret, and the recorder, Isaac 
Hills, was authorised to sign licenses till a new mayor could 
be elected, which was done a week later, General Jacob Gould 
being chosen to fill the vacancy. There was no more trouble 
over the licenses. 

The morals of the community in other respects seem to 
have been looked after by the council during 1835, judging 

Monrob County Jaii, 

(" Blue Eagle" ) 
Built in /8j2, torn down in 18&5 

from a resolution adopted on the 4th of August, requesting 
the police justice to communicate the reasons which induced 
him to discharge, without examination or trial, one Edwin 
Roe, who was arrested on a charge of gambling on a roulette 
table; the answer of the justice must have been flippant or 
evasive, because two weeks later it was declared unsatisfactory 
and he was required to make the report as requested ; this he 
seems to have done, for at a subsequent meeting he was 
exonerated from all censure. 


The Night Watch 

A Quiet City under Mayor Gould — Capt. Dana's 
Watch Book — Arrests Made by the Night 
Watch — Regulations for their Guidance — 
Their Duties — Lighting the Lamps — The Cry 
of the Watch — The Constables — Evolution 
of the Police Force 

Throughout the summer of 1835 the night watchmen 
were Francis Dana, captain (who died in 1872, at the age of 
seventy-five), William Wilbur and Jonathan Horton. The 
number was augmented by four in December, when Asa B. 
Hall, Calvin Cleveland, Charles Hudson and Addy W. Van 
Slyck were added to the list. In January, 1836, there seems 
to have been a still further increase, for, besides the foregoing, 
the names of Leonard M. Barton, Cornelius Campbell, Thomas 
Watson, Bartholomew Dodds, William Van Slyck, Robert A. 
Hall, Russell W. Goodrich, Matthew Lefnngwell and Joseph 
Harris appear on the records of the council as entitled to 
compensation for services at that time. The reason for this 
enlargement of the force, almost putting the establishment 
on a war footing, does not appear. It certainly could not 
have been owing to any recent disturbances, for General 
Gould, who had been re-elected mayor, said in his address on 
retiring from office at the close of the year : " Our city has 
been remarkably distinguished for peace and good order, 
and happily delivered from the fire that devours the property 
and from the pestilence that destroys the lives of our citizens. 
During the period of my office, nearly two years, I wish it to 
be remembered, as a most extraordinary and to me most 
gratifying fact, that with a population averaging 16,000 I 
have never been called upon to interfere, nor has there ever 


History of Police Department 

been occasion to do so, for the suppression of riot, mob, 
tumult or even an ordinary case of assault. This fact speaks 
a most gratifying eulogy for our civil and religious institutions 
and for the intelligence and morality of the community in 
which we live." This was probably in allusion to riots that 
had occurred in several other cities of the northern states on 
various exciting subjects, principally that of abolition, which 
had just begun to stir the minds of the people. 

Murderers' Row 
The present site of Police Headquarters 

The number of the watch was soon brought back to 
seven, then still further reduced to five, but in the next year 
it seems to have averaged nine, the names of Kelly, Green, 
Montgomery, Brownell, Albro, Darrow, Van Vleck and 
McKibbin appearing on the list. I have before me a little 
book, intended for carrying in the pocket, kept by Francis 
Dana, who was captain of the watch during 1837 as well as 
1835, in which he recorded the arrests made, most of them 
for intoxication, few for serious crimes, the items being such 
as these: "John Whaling, found beastly drunk near number 
2 engine house," " Benjamin Simmons, a boy, taken before 
the police, charged with everything but honesty " — a rather 
vague accusation, it would seem — " Jane Doe, with a red 
face, found alone in the streets, gave no account of herself, 

Rochester, New York 6} 

taken before the police, charge disorderly, committed " — how 
the possession of a florid countenance constitutes in itself 
disorderly conduct doth not plainly appear. Sometimes the 
entry, though plain in its language, would be pathetic in its 
story, like this : " Fire was discovered by the watch between 
ten and eleven o'clock at night, which proved to be north 
of Brighton church, proved fatal to the father and child 
in the flames, said house was occupied by Mr. Demarest, who 
with his child of eight or nine years old lost his life." 
Sometimes, too, the incident would be complicated, as in 
this case: "Miss Cuthbert, found at Mr. David Little's 
boarding-house on State street, said Little's house was set on 
fire in two different places, and further Little said that some 
one of the inmates of his house had lost one silver dollar, 
said money was found in the possession of Miss C. Cuthbert 
in her bead bag, put in watch house before police, charged 
arson, committed." Why the retention of a coin in the 
recesses of her bead bag should afford presumptive evidence 
that she had set a house on fire, taxes the imagination. 

A set of ordinances or regulations was adopted by the 
Common Council, of which the following may prove of 
interest : " The city watch, or either of them, are hereby 
authorised to enter any disorderly or gaming house, and any 
dwelling-house, grocery or other building where they may 
have good reason to believe any felon is harbored or secreted, 
and where any person is who has during the night, and in 
their presence or hearing, committed any breach of the peace, 
or where any noise or alarm, outcry or disturbance shall be 
made, in like manner as constables and other peace officers 
are authorised by law, and not otherwise. In case of any 
riot or disorderly assembling of persons, the city watch shall 
have power to require the aid of any citizen in suppressing 
or preventing a breach of the peace or in arresting the 
offenders, and any person who shall refuse or neglect to assist 
the said watch, or either of them, when so required, shall 
pay a penalty of five dollars for each offense. No watchman 
shall absent himself from duty during the hours prescribed 
for the watch, or serve by substitute, without permission from 
the mayor and Common Council, under a penalty of ten 

o 4 

History of Police Department 

Police Headquarters 

Rochester, New York 65 

dollars. The watch shall wear the hats provided for them, 
while on duty. The captain of the watch is required to 
designate some one of the watchmen, from time to time, who 
shall perform the duties of captain in his absence. The 
captain of the watch and the watchmen shall, for the purpose 
of preserving the peace and good government of the city, 
obey all orders given for that purpose by the mayor, recorder 
or either of the aldermen or assistants, or any police justice 
[meaning, probably, any justice of the peace, for there was 
only one police justice] , on pain of removal from office. All 
persons apprehended by the watch during the cold and winter 
seasons shall be kept in some safe and comfortable place, 
without danger from the severity of the cold, and, as far as 
practicable, the sexes shall be kept apart." This last section 
would indicate that the lock-up, in the basement of the court- 
house, was not kept heated during the night. 

Far different from the present state of things was the 
appearance of the night watch, and their duties involved some 
customs that were more like those of colonial days than of 
our modern life. While the lamp-posts, scattered at intervals 
that would seem to us none too short, were stationary, the 
lamps themselves were not. Now, the watchmen had to 
light those cheerful beacons and to see that they were kept 
burning sufficiently to make the darkness visible, so at ten 
o'clock on moonless nights the whole force would start out, 
each man with a string of oil lamps on his arm, and place 
those shining luminaries on the proper posts, and then in the 
morning he would have to gather them in and take them 
back to the watch-house, where they were stored away till 
the next evening. The officers were expected to call out the 
hour while patrolling their respective districts, accompanying 
the temporal announcement with remarks about the weather 
— " Twelve o'clock and all's well," or " Two o'clock and a 
starry night," all of which might be comforting to the sleeper 
who was awakened, but when it came to such tidings as these, 
" Three o'clock and a frosty morning " or " Four o'clock ; it 
snows and it blows," the listener would turn over in bed and 
address himself again to sleep, with the conviction that he 
was better off where he was. 


History of Police Department 

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Rochester, New York 67 

One of the oldest veterans on the force, now retired, says 
that Capt. Dana had five constables, one from each ward, to 
assist him, but I think there may be some mistake about that. 
The directory of 1838, which is the nearest in date to that 
time, being one year after Dana's incumbency, gives, in the 
list of city officers, the name of Benjamin F. Hall as captain 
of the watch and then, after naming the justices of the peace 
for that year (Edward Barnard, John C. Chumasero, Richard 
Temple, J. B. Clarke and E. B. Wheeler) it gives the names 
of five constables — Cornelius Fielding, Isaac Weston, William 
H. Crowell, John Dart and Munn Morgan. The inference is 
that those constables were simply attendants at the offices of 
the civil justices, each one in his own ward, for their names 
would hardly have appeared as city officers if they had been 
only watchmen's assistants, the more especially as the names 
of the watchmen themselves are not given at all, and, besides 
that, they must have had enough to do during the daytime 
without patrolling or prowling around the city at night. 
There were undoubtedly other constables in that year, who 
were attached to the higher courts, but they were county 
officers and their names do not appear in the volume. 

While we are about it, let us look at a few of the succeeding 
directories, to see if they will throw any light on the subject. 
That for 1841, which is the next one to be published, has the 
name of Rodney Dyman as captain of the watchmen and then 
follow the names of the watchmen — James Stutson, Isaac 
Finch, William H. Crowell, Franklin Worcester and Patrick 
Killip — which is the first time that the nightly guardians 
appear in any list of city officers or indeed appear in print at 
all, so far as is known. It will be observed that the force has 
been slightly reduced in number. . The justices of the peace 
are absent, but the five constables are given by wards — 
Timothy Dunn, Willard Putnam, Enos Patten, Russell W. 
Goodrich, Jacob Wilkinson. 

Then occurs a gap of three years, for the next directory 
was published in 1844. In it Ariel Wentworth is police 
justice, George Bradshaw captain of the watch ; the watchmen 
are Willis D. Raymond, Aaron J. Williams, Leonard M. Barton, 
Anthony Enoe and Oliver Albro ; the constables are C. 

History of Police Department 










Rochester, New York 69 

Fielding, Benj. B. Leap, A. Kingsbury, John Dart and T. S. 

The next directory is that for 1845-6, so called, a most 
idiotic title, for it was issued, as the date of the preface shows, 
in August of the first-named year and yet it assumes to cover 
the whole ground for the next year and a half, though it was 
well known that a new set of officials would be elected in the 
meantime, to say nothing of all the inhabitants who would 
die or become of age or change their residence. In the list 
of public officers of the city we find, under the heading of 
" Watchmen," the following : Alexander Richardson, captain ; 
Andrew Yawman, first district ; Philander Hoyt, second ; 
John R. Haid, third ; William Westcott, fourth ; Robert 
Vinn, fifth ; John Kingsbury and Abner H. Huntley, extra 
watchmen. Then, after an interval of other officers, comes 
the heading " Police," as though the watchmen, named above, 
were not police at all, and under this title we find Ariel 
Wentworth, police justice; Seth Simmons, high constable; 
Jacob Wilkinson, police constable ; James Tripp, special 
police constable for Mt. Hope. Then come the justices of 
the peace, nine in all, for the number of wards had been 
increased by four in that year — Edward Barnard, William T. 
Cushman, Nathaniel Clark, Addison Moors, Butler Bardwell, 
William B. Alexander, William G. Russell, Perley Munger 
and David M. Braman — and then the constables — Ira G. 
Leonard, Edward McGarry, Andrew Kingsbury, Benjamin 
McFarlin and Theodore S. Hall. 

A distinction is made in the directory of 1847 between 
the city officers appointed by the Common Council and those 
elected by the people. In the former list, under the caption 
" Police," are Ariel Wentworth, police justice ; John Dart, 
high constable ; William Charles, Jacob Wilkinson and 
John Kingsbury, jr., police constables ; under the heading 
" Watchmen " are' William H. Moore, captain ; Henry N. 
Alexander, first district ; James Harrison, second ; William 
H. Crowell, third ; John Jenkiuson, fourth ; Isaac Stalker, 
fifth. In the second list are the justices of the peace — the 
same as above given, except that John Jones takes the place 
of Cushman, and W. B. Williams that of Braman — and the 


History of Police Department 




■ S 











Rochester, New York 71 

constables, Ira G. Leonard, Josiah Montgomery, Addy W. 
Van Slyck, William E. Goodrich and George Bradshaw. 

The directory of 1849-50 makes the same discrimination. 
The police, who are appointed, consist of the police justice, 
Samuel W. D. Moore ; the high constable, Seth Simmons ; 
and five police constables — Robert K. Dothridge, first district ; 
Alexander Richardson, second ; Ducien B. King, third ; 
Russell W. Goodrich, fourth ; George Bradshaw, fifth. Then 
come the watchmen — James Murray captain, the others being 
Jeremiah Tracy, George Albro, Adam M. Brownell, John 
Howes and Dennis Ragan. Among those elected are the 
nine civil justices, James S. Tryon taking the place of Barnard 
in the first district, Delos Wentworth that of Moors in the 
fourth, M. L. Aldrich sitting for the seventh, Elijah Penniman 
for the eighth and E. B. Chumasero for the ninth. The 
constables are Henry N. Alexander, Johnson C. Springstead, 
A. W. Van Slyck, W. C. Goodrich and Elisha J. Keeney. It 
is difficult to understand the status of the so-called " police 
constables," what were their powers, what their duties, under 
whose orders they served, but it seems reasonable to suppose 
that they were simply our modern policemen in embryo, day 
patrolmen, as opposed to the watchmen, who must always be 
understood to be night policemen, unless the term is so 
qualified as to indicate otherwise. 

This supposition is not, however, borne out, neither is it 
exactly contradicted, by the directory of 1851-2, which gives, 
among appointed officers, the names of Isaac Douglass as high 
constable, followed by the names of John Blossom and Araunah 
Foster as constables ; then, under the title " Police," the 
names of S. W. D. Moore as police justice, of Isaac Douglass, 
again, as high constable, and of Jairus K. Dudley, Van Slyck, 
Kingsbury, Skinner and Bradshaw as constables ; then, under 
the heading " Watchmen," Leonard M. Barton, captain of the 
watch, Michael Hyland, Joseph Walster, James Buckley, John 
Williams and Robert Montgomery. In the elected list the 
constables are given as Isaac Douglass (for the third time) 
and the five named above, as though they had been both 
elected and appointed, which is not probable. The term 
" police constable " does not appear in either list in the 


The First Murder 

The Slaying ok William Lyman — Excitement in 
the Community — Trial of Octavius Barron — 
His Conviction and Execution — Austin Squires 
Kills his Wife, and Pays the Penalty — Trial 
of Dr. Hardenbrook for the Murder of Thos. 
Nott — The Rochester Knockings — Riot at Cor- 
inthian Hall 

The year 1837 will always be memorable as that in 
which the first murder was committed in Rochester, not 
merely after it became incorporated, but at any time within 
its confines. In the early morning of the 24th of October the 
body of William Eyman, a respected citizen, was found in an 
open lot between St. Paul and North Clinton streets, near his 
house, which was on the latter street, a little north of 
Franklin. The excitement in the city was intense, not only 
on that day but for long afterward, and it would be but little 
exaggeration to say that the gloom hung like a pall over the 
whole community during the following winter. A reward of 
a thousand dollars was offered for the apprehension of the 
murderer, but the course of justice did not need this stimulus. 
When the news of the discovery spread, a little boy remem- 
bered that about nine o'clock on the previous evening, being 
in that vicinity, he had heard footsteps near by, and looking 
in the direction of the noise he had seen a flash, followed by 
the report of a pistol, and by the flash he saw three men 
standing at the place mentioned, one of whom had a glazed 
cap. That gave the clue, as it was known that such a cap 
was commonly worn by a young man of French extraction, 
named Octavius Barron. A watch was set upon him and he 
was seen to go to the Tonawanda railroad station, at the 

Rochester, New York 


Hon. Adolph J. Rodenbeck 


History of Police Department 

George A. Gilman 
Commissioner oj Public Safety 

Rochester, New York 75 

corner of West Main and Elizabeth streets, with the apparent 
purpose of. getting out of the city, then to turn into a wood 
yard and hide something between two piles of lumber. The 
package was found to be 'his handkerchief, with his name, 
and it contained a wallet known to belong to the murdered 
man, which had in it several hundred dollars in bank bills. 
Barron soon came back to the spot and was at once arrested, 
two companions of his, Bennett and Fluett, who were known 
to have been with him on the previous evening, being taken 
into custody a little later. 

Mr. Lyman had his office in a small building that stood 
on the southeast corner of East Main and South Water streets, 
which was the starting-point of the Rochester and Carthage 
railway, a road in which the cars were drawn by horses to 
the top of the river bank at Carthage, where the cars with 
the passengers in them were lowered by cars containing 
counter-weights of stone, to the plateau below, which was 
then the head of ship navigation from the lake up the river. 
Horace Hooker & Co., who had extensive warehouses at that 
point, held the lease of the railroad. Lyman was in their 
employ, both in the wheat-buying and in the railroad, of 
which he was practically the treasurer. Two days before 
that Mr. Hooker had sent to him from Hartford nearly five 
thousand dollars in bills of the Connecticut River Banking 
company, and besides that Lyman had several hundred dollars 
which had been received from the railroad, all of which 
money he put in his pocket on that evening, to carry home 
with him. Barron, who had been watching outside of the 
railroad office, which was also that of Lyman, during the 
early part of the evening, and had undoubtedly seen the 
disposal of the bills, followed his victim and shot him in the 
back of the head, probably killing him instantly. He then 
robbed the body of the wallet containing some five hundred 
dollars, though he overlooked entirely a pocket-book con- 
taining nearly ten times as much. Barron and Bennett were 
seen at a saloon — a recess, as it was called in those days — at 
a later hour in the evening, spending a part of their plunder 
and in a state of great excitement, and Fluett helped to carry 
the murderer's trunk to the station on the following morning: 

76 History of Police Department 

The trial of Barron did not take place till the following 
May. Judge Dayton was the presiding justice. Abner Pratt, 
as district-attorney, conducted the prosecution, but the affair 
was considered of sufficient importance to call for the services 
of the attorney-general, Samuel Beardsley, who made a 
powerful address in closing the case. Horace Gay, E. B. 
Wheeler and A. A. Bennett appeared for the defense, but 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Edward R. Foreman 
Secretary to the Mayor 

they were unable to prevent the return of a verdict of guilty 
within an hour after the jury had retired. Barron was hanged, 
in the jail on the island, on the 25th of June, his execution 
being the first to take place in Monroe county. Darius 
Perrin, who was the sheriff at the time, performed the work 
himself, though he declined to accept the legal fee of five 
hundred dollars for the task, and the board of supervisors 
showed him how an act of delicacy could be repaid by one of 

Rochester, NewYork 


meanness by striking out of his bill at the next settlement 
the item of one dollar and a half, which he had paid for a 
new flax rope to be used on the occasion. Before that time 
the universal mode of hanging, at least in this country,, 
consisted in simply dropping the prisoner through a trap 
door into a room or pit beneath, but in this case another 
method was adopted, which can best be characterised by the 
unpleasant term of the "jerk system," in which the criminal 
is raised suddenly to the height of a lofty apartment and is 
then dropped instantly, the fall usually resulting in breaking 
the neck. This was the first usage in this country of that 
method, and it is now generally practised in the United 
States, though the ancient custom still prevails in England. 
On the day of Barron's taking-off, the interest, both here and 
in the vicinity, was so great that the militia had to be called 
out to keep away from the jail the crowd of people who had 
come in from the surrounding country with the vague idea 
that they might gratify their curiosity by witnessing the 
ghastly sight. On account of the excitement prevailing,, 
which it was thought might be prejudicial to them, the trial 
of Bennett and Flue'tt did not take place till after Barron's 
execution, and even then it was held at Batavia. They were 
acquitted, not, as is supposed, because there was any moral 
doubt of their guilt, but because there was a general feeling 
that one victim was enough to satisfy the demands of justice. 
Even before the first murderer was tried, the awful 
crime was repeated in this city, and on the same side of the 
river. Austin Squires and his wife lived on the corner of 
Lancaster (now Cortland) street and Monroe avenue. On the 
evening of May 4, 1838, the man shot his wife dead, as she 
was removing some garments from a clothes line in the rear 
of their residence. He was somewhat intoxicated at the time 
and was also actuated by a feeling of jealousy, over which he 
had long been brooding, and besides that he was so eccentric 
that many of his acquaintances considered him scarcely 
responsible for his actions. All those things would certainly 
have worked together for his acquittal on the ground of 
insanity if his trial had taken place at the present day, but 
that plea had not then been brought to its present state of 


History of Police Department 

perfection, so he was convicted in October and hanged on the 
29th of November, at the age of thirty-five. His body was 
buried secretly by his relatives in a ravine off Lake avenue, 
below where Bantel's stables now stand ; the grave was 
carefully concealed and the place of interment was known to 
but very few persons from that day to this. 

For the next decade there were few crimes of sufficient 
magnitude to make them worth recording in this place. In 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Charges Al,onzo Simmons 
Chief Clerk, Department of Public Safety 

1842 the first and only duel known to have been fought in 
this vicinity came off on Pinnacle hill ; one account has it 
that one of the participants was slightly injured, while another 
says that both were unhurt, which latter version is more 
likely to be the true one, as an unkind report was circulated 
at the time that the seconds had forgotten to put in the balls 
when they loaded the pistols ; the names of the parties to the 
affair cannot be found in the newspapers of the day. The 

Rochester, New York 79 

Auburn and Rochester railroad, which was finished in the 
fall of that year from this city to Canandaigua, considered 
that it had some cause of grievance against the National 
Hotel, which was then kept as a temperance house. In the 
course of a prolonged quarrel the agent of the road tore down 
the tavern sign, whereupon an indignation meeting of the 
citizens was held, at which two thousand persons attended, 
but the services of the police do not seem to have been called 
into requisition. 

There was decided need of them two years later. Joseph 
Marsh came to Rochester in the spring of 1844 and started a 
weekly newspaper, called The Voice of Truth, to disseminate 
the new doctrines of the Second Adventists, or Millerites, as 
they were then called. The idea of the speedy destruction of 
the world, which was supposed to be close at hand, proved so 
attractive that there were numerous converts to the faith ; a 
large number of them, many in their ascension robes, gathered 
at Talman's Hall on October 25, which had been foretold as 
the day of the catastrophe ; a noisy rabble assembled outside 
and a destructive riot seemed imminent, when the police 
interfered and quelled the disturbance before it had gone too 
far. A reform in the morals of the community seems to have 
been quite generally demanded in 1845. Meetings of the 
" Washingtonians " were held, to promote total abstinence, 
and a powerful anti-gambling society was formed among the 
most influential citizens, with Frederick Whittlesey as presi- 
dent ; under the auspices of the association J. H. Green, " the 
reformed gambler," delivered an address at the court-house on 
the 24th of May. Much excitement was caused in February, 
1848, by the disappearance of Porter P. Pierce, a young 
woolen manufacturer ; a meeting was held at which a com- 
mittee of sixty-eight prominent persons, headed by Dr. James 
Webster, was appointed, to unravel the mystery, but neither 
their industry nor the rewards offered accomplished anything ; 
the body was afterward found in the river with marks of 
violence upon it, but the assassin was never discovered. 

The third murder trial took place in May, 1849, but it 
ended not like the other two. Dr. John K. Hardenbrook, a 
practising physician of this city, was accused of having taken 


History of Police Department 

the life, by poison, of Thomas Nott, a hardware dealer, on 
the 5th of February preceding. Mr. Nott was a patient of 
the doctor, and the latter was, besides, a friend of the family, 
so intimate a friend, in fact, that he and his two daughters 
had, since the death of his wife in October of the previous 
year, resided in the residence of Mr. Nott. An attachment 
seemed to spring up between him and Mrs. Nott, so great that, 

Photo bij J. W. Taylor 

John W. Hertei, 
Book-keeper, Department of Public Safety 

besides spending much of their time in the company of each 
other, they occasionally went together to New York, where 
they were very intimate. It was this relation that was sup- 
posed to furnish the motive for the crime. Mr. Nott, who 
had been ailing for some time, was suddenly seized with 
violent convulsions which, after an interval of one day's 
comparative relief, carried him off on the following day. Dr. 
Hardenbrook only was with him when he died and shortly 
afterward the doctor opened the body, for the purpose, as he 

Rochester, New York 

said, of ascertaining the cause of death, or, as the prosecution 
claimed, in order to wash away all traces of poison. Different 
stories were told by the doctor as to the disease, his first 
statement being that it was epilepsy, and afterward that it 
was tetanic convulsions, or lock-jaw, the latter cause being 
assigned, as was alleged by the people, to account for the 
peculiar symptoms that were due to the fatal administration 
of strychnine. On the trial Judge Marvin presided; the 
prosecution was conducted by the district-attorney, William 
S. Bishop, assisted by Henry G. Wheaton, of Albany, who 
had been detailed by the attorney-general t6 represent him \ 
the defense was maintained by Henry R. Selden, John 
Thompson and Leonard Adams of this city, together with 
H. K. Smith of Buffalo, who made the principal argument. 
A verdict of acquittal was returned. 

Everybody has heard of the "Rochester knockings," but 
only a few can remember the tremendous excitement over the 
matter in 1849, when those mysterious noises were first heard 
here and the foundation of modern Spiritualism was laid. 
Not content with private investigations as to the authenticity 
of the rappings, several public meetings were held in Corin- 
thian hall, at which different committees, all of them composed 
of prominent citizens, were appointed, but each committee, 
though composed of persons every one of whom was opposed 
to the new belief, had to report, one after another, that after 
the most rigorous tests, and the most searching examination 
by women associates of the committees, they were utterly 
unable to account for the noises that were produced by the 
Fox sisters. The last of these meetings was held in Novem- 
ber and the hall was crowded on the occasion, a large 
proportion of the audience consisting of the baser element, 
many of whom were provided with torpedoes to add to the 
disturbance. On the platform were the two sisters, who 
claimed to possess this occult power, and with them were the 
members of the third and last committee, who had to report 
that, like their predecessors, they were unable to solve the 
mystery. No sooner was this statement made than the whole 
hall was in an uproar. The crowd rushed in frenzy toward 
the stage and in a moment more the women would have been 

History of Police Department 

PhDto by J. W. Taylor 

Joseph P. Cl,eary 
Chief of Police 

Rochester, New York 


badly injured, if not actually torn in pieces, when S. W. D. 
Moore, a man of herculean frame, who was at that time the 
police justice, sprang upon the platform. But neither his 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Michael J. Zimmerman 
Captain 1st Precinct, and Acting Inspector oj the Department 

official position nor his stentorian voice had any effect in 
staying the onslaught, and it was not until his powerful arm, 
with the assistance of some officers, had beaten back the 
foremost of the mob, that the police were able to rescue the 
sisters and escort them to a place of safety. 


Reformatory, Juridical, Correctional 

The Western House of Refuge — The Second Court- 
house — Laying its Corner-Stone — Murder Triae 
of Maurice Antonio — Conviction and Execution 
Monroe County Penitentiary — Home for Idee 
and Truant Children. 

On the nth of August, 1849, an institution was formally 
opened which from that day to this has been of the greatest 
benefit to this community and to all this part of the state, not 
only in providing a place of detention for young criminals 
but in offering a means for their reformation after they had 
entered upon a career of vice and had been in the hands 
of the police. It was called at first the Western House of 
Refuge, a name which it bore for twenty-five years, when it 
was changed to that of the State Industrial School. Neither 
title is exactly correct, and as the establishment is of a 
reformatory character it would be much better if that could 
be indicated in the appellation. The act of creation was 
passed by the legislature May 8, 1846, $4,200 being paid for 
the site of forty-two acres lying to the west of Lake avenue, 
of which the state paid three thousand dollars, while the 
citizens of Rochester gave twelve hundred. It took three 
years to erect the building, with its encompassing stone wall, 
under the supervision of the commissioners, William Pitkin, 
D. C McCallum and Isaac Hills. At the outset Samuel S. 
Wood was the superintendent, Dr. H. W. Dean the house 
physician, H. H. Goff the teacher and Elizabeth A. Taylor 
the seamstress. The house at first could furnish room for 
only fifty, but, with the constant accession of new inmates 
wings were built on from time to time and extensive additions 
were made, so that the place can now accommodate more than 

Rochester, New York 85 

a thousand, all told. The main building, with its wings, is 
three hundred and eighty-two feet in length, ou Backus 
avenue, at the head of Phelps avenue, and just south of this, 
completely separated from it by a high stone wall, is the 
girls' department, erected in 1876, with a frontage of two 
hundred and seventy-six feet. While the reformatory element 
existed in the system even at the very first, yet the idea of 
punishment was then predominant, and it is only within the 
last thirty years that the relative position of the two features 
has been reversed, so that no more complete change has been 
wrought in any institution in the state. It has now become 
a school for the training of juvenile delinquents, where more 
than twenty different trades are taught, where open dormitories 
have replaced the original cells and where order rules instead 
of fear. But there is a general desire to carry the elevating 
principle still further, and a movement is on foot — stimulated, 
also, by the increasing value of the land — to abandon the old 
place, give up the theory and practice of prison walls and 
locate the establishment on or near the lake shore, in the 
vicinity of the city but away from it. Mr. Wood was the 
superintendent for nineteen years, Levi S. Fulton held the 
place for a still longer term, and the present incumbent is 
Franklin H. Briggs. The officers are as follows : President, 
Rev. Isaac Gibbard ; vice-presidents, Thomas Raines and 
Lura E. Aldridge ; secretary and treasurer, Andrew H. Boon ; 
chaplains, Samuel D. Bawden and John H. O'Brien ; physician, 
George E. Beilby. 

It had been expected, at the time of its erection, that 
the first court-house would stand for half a century, but it 
endured for less than thirty years. In 1850 it was torn down, 
to make way for a new building. For this the board of 
supervisors had appropriated originally $25,000, but, before 
the contract was given out, the Common Council decided to 
unite with the county for a structure to be used in part by 
the city, and the amount was raised to $61,931.95 (the city 
paying $33,465.98, the county $28,465.97), which sum was 
increased a few years later by $10,000, making the total cost 
about $72,000. The corner-stone was laid on the 20th of 
June by Mayor Richardson and the chairman of the board of 


History of Police Department 

supervisors, and the occasion was marked by much ceremony. 
At half-past ten in the morning the city and county officials, 
together with the pioneers of Rochester who were then 
living, met at the city clerk's office, whence they were 
escorted to the rendezvous on South Clinton street, where 
they were joined by the Grays, the Light Guards, the German 

John C. Hayden 
Director of the Detective Bureau 

Grenadiers, the German Union Guards and Hibernia fire 
company number i. Thence, headed by General Lansing B. 
Swan, the marshal of the day, they proceeded to the historic 
corner. A prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. A. G. Hall, of the 
Third Presbyterian church, a short address was made by 
Lyman B. Langworthy, the stone was laid, an eloquent 
oration was delivered by Judge Moses Chapin and the 
benediction was pronounced by Rev. Mr. Smith. It took a 
year and a half to erect the building, which was opened on 

Rochester, New York 87 

December 2, 1851, by a session of the Supreme court. The 
structure was quite a creditable one. Onondaga limestone 
composed the foundation, the steps and the pavement of the 
portico ; the superstructure was of brick, three storeys above 
the basement ; four imposing columns of stone upheld the 
roof of the portico — the original contract calling for wooden 
posts and it being only through the strenuous exertions of 
General Swan that stone pillars were finally substituted, 
which did more than anything else to give an air of dignity 
to the structure — the edifice was surmounted by a wooden 
dome and that by a smaller one with a figure of Justice upon 
it, the whole effect being quite pleasing. Several changes 
in the location of the offices on the ground floor of the 
building were made from time to time during the first 
twenty-three years of its existence, the county generally 
occupying the western half, until 1874, when the city hall 
was erected and the county had all the room to itself. 

The first important trial to be held in the new court-house 
was that of Maurice Antonio, which took place in April, 1852, 
for the murder of Ignacio Texeira Pinto on the 23d of 
November in the preceding year. It would appear that this 
crime was more deliberately planned and carried out with 
more unswerving fidelity than is the case with most affairs of 
the kind. Both parties were Portuguese, both residents of the 
island of Madeira. Either there or in Bermuda, to which 
the two families subsequently went, a plot was formed by 
Antonio and the wife of Pinto, between whom illicit relations 
were known to exist, to murder the husband, but not to 
do it till they had all traveled to a western country, where 
the deed was to be committed and then the guilty pair were 
to return to Madeira, this otherwise unnecessary journey being 
undertaken for the sole purpose of screening themselves by 
putting the whole of the Atlantic ocean between them and 
the scene of the crime. In pursuance of this plan they all 
sailed for New York, where they landed in the summer of 
1851, whence they worked their way gradually to Rochester 
and settled down in a log hut in the town of Gates. There 
they lived in apparent poverty, doing any menial work that 
came to hand, until Antonio in the course of the winter 


History of Police Department 

applied to the poonnaster for assistance to start on his return 
to Madeira. That being obtained, the family left in February, 
but Pinto did not go with them and it was then remembered 
that he had not been seen since the previous November. The 
old hut was then searched, and his body was found under the 
earth in the cellar, with wounds on the head that showed how 
he had been killed. The man and woman were then followed 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

John A. Stapuston, M. D. 
Department Surgeon 

to Albany, where they were found in the alms-house, with 
Pinto's two children, and the whole party was brought back 
to this city. Antonio was placed on trial, Judge Harris 
presiding, with Martin S. Newton, the district-attorney, for 
the prosecution ; Luther H. Hovey and J. D. Husbands 
appeared for the accused, who, being promptly convicted 
was hanged on the 3d of June. 

It is strange that it took so many years for people to 
find out that the county jail is the proper place only for the 

Rochester, New York 

detention of those who, after commitment, are held for 
inquisition by the grand jury, and is not rightly used for a 
place of imprisonment as a punishment after conviction. It 
was not till 1853 that a committee of the board of supervisors 
was appointed, consisting of Joshua Conkey, Samuel H. Davis, 
Ezra B. True and Lewis Selye, to provide for the construction 
of the Monroe county penitentiary — or work-house, as it was 
popularly called for- many years, though for a long time past 
it has been generally known by its proper title. The building 
was erected in the course of the following year, at a cost of 
$22,707.60, but in 1865 it was almost completely destroyed 
by fire and having been rebuilt was again in 1868 visited by the 
same calamity, which did half as much injury as on the 
first occasion. Being again restored, a large workshop was 
added in 1873, an( ^ another extensive addition was made 
eight years ago with two hundred and fifty cells, in five 
tiers, most of which were occupied immediately by inmates 
transferred from their former crowded quarters. The number 
of prisoners averages not far from three hundred, though five 
hundred and twenty-five were confined there, -at once, about 
five years ago. Up to that time the inmates were, practically 
all, kept at work, with the result that this was one of the few 
institutions that could, in most years, show a clear profit, but 
a vastly more important thing was that the convicts were not 
kept in debasing idleness and that habits of labor were 
acquired which would make them better, instead of worse, 
in after life. But all that salutary influence was destroyed 
by an iniquitous section in the present constitution, which 
prevents the employment of convict labor in the prisons or 
penitentiaries of the state, except as far as the product of 
their labor can be used in other institutions of the state. 
This amount is, of course, insignificant, and, while a few of 
the inmates of this penitentiary are given some light work 
on the farm and the garden during the summer months, most 
of them are idle the whole time, with the most disastrous 
results, mentally and morally. The first superintendent was 
Zenas R. Brockway, who, after serving three terms, resigned 
to take charge of the Detroit House of Correction and later 
became the head of the Elmira Reformatory, where he 

History of Police Department 

acquired a national reputation. William Willard succeeded 
him, then came Levi S. Fulton, then Alexander McWhorter, 
then Charles A. Webster, the present incumbent. The first 
chaplain was H. A. Brewster, the present chaplains are the 
Rt. Rev. Bishop McQuaid and Rev. H. Clay Peepels ; the 
physician is Dr. Henry T. Williams. 

Two boys, thirteen years old, became involved in a street 
quarrel in March, 1853, and one of them, Francis Gretter, 


Department Stenographer, and Clerk of the Bertillon System 

a candy peddler, stabbed the other, Paul Satterbee, killing 
him instantly ; manslaughter, third degree ; sentenced to 
the House of Refuge till becoming of age. There was an 
epidemic of highway robberies during May, in the thickly 
settled parts of the city, so that most of the citizens went 
home at night earlier than usual. Perhaps it was with a 
view to heading off that crime before it attained its growth 
that the association for juvenile reform was formed during 

Rochester, New York 


that month, with William Pitkin as president, John B. 
Robertson as treasurer and S. D. Porter as secretary, through 

Police Court Officials 

whose instrumentality the Home for Idle and Truant Children 
was established on North St. Paul street, where it remained 
till 1877, the site being occupied a year later by the Deaf 
Mute institution with new and greatly enlarged buildings. 


The Department Gets a Chief 

Amendments to the Charter — The First Chief of 
Police — Increase of the Force — Disappearance 
of Emma Moore — Police Troubles in Know- 
Nothing Times — The Murder Trial of Martin 
Eastwood — Ira Stout's Murdeb of Littles — 
Full History of the Crime — Trial of John B. 

In 1853 several amendments to the charter were made 
by the legislature, those pertaining to our province being to 
the effect that the people should elect one constable for each 
ward, in addition to which the mayor should have the power 
of appointing one police constable for each ward, also a 
corresponding number of watchmen — all to hold office during 
his pleasure ; also, that he should designate one of the police 
constables to be chief of police, on whom should devolve all 
the duties performed before that time by the high constable ; 
also, that the mayor should appoint one of the ten or less 
watchmen to be captain of the watch, to perform the duties 
then devolving upon that officer. The mayor, who was 
General John Williams, does not seem to have exercised all 
the powers entrusted to him, thinking, evidently, that there 
was no need of anything like so large a force. The directory 
of 1853-54, issued in June of the former year, shows that he 
appointed Addy W. Van Slyck as chief of police, he being 
the first one to bear that title, but, instead of appointing one 
police constable for each of the ten wards, he named only 
three besides the chief — namely, Thomas B. Hosmer, Samuel 
Brown and Araunah Foster — and, instead of ten watchmen, 
only five were appointed, of whom George Bradshaw was 
captain, the others being Francis Farrell, Charles Starbird, 

Rochester, New York 


William Vance and John Nowlin. The voters of the city 
fulfilled their duties under the amendment above alluded 
to by the election, as constables, of Daniel Goodman, 
John Jenkins, John Kingsbury, Russell W. Goodrich, 
Z. Danly, jr., Isaac Douglass, T. R. Brennan, T. Holden,. 
Josiah Montgomery and John Charles. 

In this amendment the term " police constable " must 
be understood as equivalent to " day policeman," the term 
" watchman " applying, as before, to the night officers only. 
The constables, elected by the citizens, were, still county 
officers, as before ; they were paid by the piece, if they did 
nothing they got nothing, so much for serving a paper, so 
much for making an arrest, the only difference being that 
their duties and their powers were now more restricted than 
before ; previous to this time they could make arrests without 
a warrant, but after this year they could not ; only the police 
could do that, and the constables could not be compelled to 
serve any paper issued by the police justice. 

In 1854 George I. Marsh was appointed chief by Mayor 
Strong. In 1855, Charles J. Hayden being mayor, S. W. D. 
Moore police justice, John Quin and T. V. P. Pullis coroners 
for the city, the force was organised as follows : Chief T 
Samuel M. Sherman ; night station keeper, Alexander 
Richardson; captain _ of night police, Benjamin Hill; day 
police — B. B. Bee, S. G. Cheesebro, Seymour Cooley, William 
S. Fickett, Russell W. Goodrich, L,. L,. Hutchinson, Francis 
Dockhart, Elliott F. Read, Charles T. Squier ; night police — 
Francis Breck, Asa W. Chappell, Erastus Dresser, Monroe 
Green, T. S. Hall, Friend W. Hine, Alvah Rice, William H. 
Smith, Charles Starbird ; special policeman for truant children, 
James E. Lee. Here, then, is the end of the old night watch, 
and the beginning of the division of the force into day police 
and night police, a step toward the classification of the present 
day. The constables for that year were Pierce, Brown, Swift, 
Goodrich, Mosher, Douglass, Jordan, Wells, Brown and 

For the next few years the roster must be intermittent, 
owing to the lapses in the directories, but a full list of the 
various chiefs of police, with their terms of service, will be 


History of Police Department 

found near the close of this volume. In 1857 the separation 
above mentioned, into day and night police, seems to have 
been given up, for, after W. D. Oviatt as chief, come the 
names of the following, without distinction of daylight and 
darkness: George Bradshaw, A. H. Waterman, William 
Ratt, John Clancy, John T. Dunn, Augustus Haungs, Thomas 

Photo by J. W, Taylor 

Louis W. Miller 
Superintendent Police Telegraph Bureau 

Corkhill, John Hettinger, W. J. Rogers, Peter Sheridan, 
E. Jennings, Monroe Green. The one last named, it may be 
mentioned, was on the force in 1854 as a special or substitute 
and the next year went on as a regular policeman. His term 
of service dates further back than that of any other person 
now living. The police justice in 1857 was Butler Bardwell, 
the coroners for the city were John Quin and Joseph Stone, 
the constables were Van Slyck, Swift, Goodrich, Mosher, 
Jordan, Brown and L,auer. 

Rochester, New York 95 

There was a decided increase in the force in 1859, for, after 
the name of Elisha J. Keeney as chief, the names of nineteen 
policemen appear — R. W. Goodrich, Palmer B. Wilder, 
Benj. P. Leap, Thomas Campbell, John Dresser, August 
Wagner, Andrew J. Kingsbury, Hamilton McQuatters, Henry 
Jordan, Thomas Callister, Alvah Rice, Adam Brownell, 
Seymour Cooley, Lyman Johnson, William Coughlin, John 
Stott, John C. Heckel, A. H. Waterman, G. C. Pease. The 
city coroners were John Quin and Oscar F. Brown ; the 
constables were Van Slyck, Bortle, Swift, Goodrich, Mosher, 
Foster, Jordan, Wells, Brown, Charles and Koons. 

In 1861 there was a still greater augmentation, for thirty- 
four policemen are recorded — besides the chief, William 
Charles — their names being E. J. Keeney, Peter Yost, Bernard 
Horcheller, L- Johnson, T. Callister, R. W. Goodrich, 
J. C. Heckel, O. B. Eaton, William Killip, S. Cooley, A. J. 
Kingsbury,. Marcus Butler, T. Campbell, J. Dresser, John C. 
Dauer, Price T. Turner, Cyrus A. Miller, H. S. Smith, Jerome 
Rogers, John Parshall, Joseph Anderson, John A. Jordan, 
John Cullen, George Gadrell, John H. Dana, Richard Attridge, 
Patrick Sullivan, Peter Koons, John Kiers, G. C. Pease, John 
Clements, E. B. Hayward, P. E. Sheridan, A. Stott. The 
name of a clerk appears for the first time, N. A. Stone in 
this case. Newell A. Stone was the clerk of the Common 
Council in that year, and he may have acted as police clerk 
also, but the probability is that it was a mistake of the 
directory man. The police justice was John Wegman, the 
city coroners were William W. Bloss and O. F. Brown, and 
the constables were Van Slyck, Bortle, Davis, McLean, 
Mosher, Foster, Miles, Wells, O'-Neil, Stott, Meyer and 

As might be expected after so sweeping an enlargement, 
there was a reduction of the force in 1863 (or else the year 
before), for there were then only twenty-eight officers in 
addition to William Mudgett, the chief, their names being 
John Barry, Samuel Brown, J. Cullen, John Flaherty, Jacob 
Frank, W. H. Harvey, P. Holleran, Michael Hyland, F. F. 
Marzluff, J. McCruden, A. McLean, W. H. Noyes, J. Parshall, 
John Purcell, D. O. Reagan, William Rogers, W. J. Rogers, 


History of Police Department 

Patrick Rooney, U. Schmocker, E. Schooley, P. E. Sheridan, 
Charles T. Squires, R. D. Swift, Michael Tierney, A. W. Van 
Slyck, Michael Wolf, Peter Yost, Charles Young. The 
constables were Van Slyck, Casey, Botkin, Gannon, Mosher, 
Eauer, Miles, Quinlan, O'Neil, Markley, Miller and Kimball. 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

John E. McDermott 
Captain 2d Precinct 

Much excitement was caused in November, 1854, by the 
disappearance, on the 14th of that month, of Emma Moore, a 
young woman thirty-seven years old ; meetings of the citizens 
were held and the sheriff offered a reward of a thousand 
dollars, but she was not found alive and the body was 
accidentally discovered in the upper race on the 19th of the 
following March ; verdict of coroner's jury, death from causes 

Rochester escaped the riotous disturbances and the 
disgraceful scenes that vexed the quiet of other cities and 

Rochester, New York 97 

filled so many hearts with grief and indignation in these 
years, in connection with the fugitive slave law and the 
attempts, not always successful, to restore to bondage the 
unhappy runaways, like the cases of Burns and Anthony 
Sims in Boston and the Jerry rescue in Syracuse. This was 
not because there were no fugitives in this city ; on the 
contrary, Rochester was known throughout the North and 
even among the colored population of the South as one of 
the principal stations of the " underground railroad," and 
although most of those escaping during this period passed 
through here as rapidly as they could be helped along by 
friends, stopping only for temporary concealment, yet there 
were many, like Frederick Douglass, who had their permanent 
homes in this city. For some of those persons requisitions 
were known to have been issued, but it became quite generally 
and thoroughly understood that any attempt at capture would 
be encountered with a bloody resistance that would surely 
precipitate a riot with which the police would be unable to 
cope, while any effort on the part of the sheriff to call out 
the posse comitatus would meet with a scandalous defiance of 
the law. The man-hunters knew this full well, and the 
consequence was that no fugitive was arrested in this city.* 
But there was quite enough to make it lively for the 
police. The American party, better known as the " Know- 
Nothings," began its brief existence in 1854 and reached its 
culmination, in Rochester at least, in the following year, 
when it placed Charles J. Hayden in the mayor's chair. In 
both of those years the enthusiastic members of the new 
political organisation made themselves conspicuous by 
challenging at the polls on election day all persons not of 
American birth, except those who were positively known to 

*In 1823, long before the time of the fugitive slave law, a woman was 
arrested here and delivered over to her master, from whom she had escaped 
at Niagara Falls more than a year before and had been living here with 
her husband since that time. Being carried to Buffalo and put on board a 
steamboat bound for Cleveland, whence she was to be taken to Wheeling, 
where her owner lived, her agony at the thought of separation from her 
husband and her baby, with the dread of the punishment that she must 
undergo, weighed upon her mind to the extent that she cut her throat and 
so was free at last. The only other rendition here was in 1832, when the 
fugitive, after being turned over to the officers and taken as far as Palmyra, 
was rescued by friends. 

History of Police Department 

have been legal voters before that. In their anticipation of 
the registration laws, which were not enacted till some time 
after that, they may have been over-zealous in excluding 
from the polls some whose rights there were as good as their 
own, but they were impelled to that course by the loose 
methods that had notoriously permitted large numbers to 

Photo by J. W, Taylor 

John A. Eaird 
Captain jd Precinct 

exercise the elective franchise when they were not entitled to 
it. At any rate, their action roused the ire of the foreio-ners 
who vented their wrath not only upon the challeno-ers but 
upon the policemen who were stationed at the different 
polling-places, and in many cases they attacked the officers 
in such numbers as to overpower them, drive them away 
from the polls, roll them in the mud and otherwise maltreat 
them. It was warm work at the time, but, after election was 

Rochester, New York 99 

over, it seemed to be forgotten. Toward the end of January, 
1855, there was quite a riot among the laborers on the canal, 
who were engaged in a strike, and, as the police were unable 
to handle it, the sheriff called out the Union Grays, under 
the command of Captain Lee, to quell the disturbance ; 
several arrests were made but no one was seriously hurt. 
In May Martin Eastwood was tried for the murder of Edward 
Brereton in the northern part of the city ; he was convicted 
and sentenced to death, but the element of premeditation was 
not clearly shown, as the two men were engaged in a quarrel, 
and on the second trial he got off with a long imprisonment. 
It is difficult to understand the intensity of the excitement 
that pervaded the community during the last week of 1857 
over what was long known as the Falls Field tragedy. This 
interest was so great as to make it worth while to tell the 
story from the beginning. Marion Ira Stout (commonly 
called by his middle name) was born in Pennsylvania in 1835. 
From his earliest boyhood he was brought up under the worst 
influences, for his father was an expert forger and was a mem- 
ber of a gang of counterfeiters that operated extensively in 
Canada, Ohio and the central part of New York. With this 
band of criminals Ira became closely connected at the early age 
of thirteen, before which time he had attended school with a 
moderate amount of regularity and had developed a wonderful 
degree of precocity, having not only acquired considerable 
knowledge of Latin and French, as well as a fair acquaintance 
with English literature, but being versed particularly in 
metaphysics, so that he was familiar with the writings of 
Locke, Hume and other philosophers. Soon after this, Ira's 
father was sent to prison for ten years for forgery and Ira 
himself was arrested for being concerned in a burglary — 
though he really went into the enterprise only on compulsion 
— and served out a sentence of four years and six months in 
the Eastern penitentiary of Pennsylvania. From there he 
came to Rochester, whither the rest of the family, except his 
father, had removed some years before, and here he settled 
down, apparently, to complete his education, spending his 
days in a mercantile college and devoting his nights to the 
study of commercial law, mathematics and literary works. 

History of Police Department 

But this mental application did not suffice to extinguish 
the criminal instincts that seemed to be born in him, or at 
least to have been planted there at an early age, and the two 
tendencies worked together for evil. Stout found his sister 
Sarah married to Charles W. Littles, a practising attorney, but 
employed at that time in the law office of Henry Hunter. 

Photo by J. W, Taylor 

Herman Russ 
Captain 4th Precinct 

The married couple did not get along very well, owing to the 
intemperance, marital infidelity and general wickedness of 
the husband. Ira took the part of his sister, between whom 
and himself there existed a peculiar affection. Utterly devoid 
of conscience as he was, it did not take him long to make up 
his mind to murder his brother-in-law, and he made one or 
two attempts before he was successful, such as trying to 
induce Littles to walk with him at night over the slippery 
planks of Andrews street bridge, which was then being 

Rochester, New York 

repaired, where one blow of his fist would have sent his 
victim into the water and as the river was running: hieh at 
that time the body would have been swept over the falls in a 
few moments. Failing in this, he succeeded in convincing 
Littles, who was of a jealous disposition, that his wife had an 
appointment with some one at Falls field for the evening of 
December 19. Accordingly they went to the spot on that 
night, Sarah, who seems to have been completely under her 
brother's influence, preceding them a little, so as to lure her 
husband to his doom. That fell soon enough, for when they 
had got near the edge of the bank Ira struck his victim a 
sudden blow with an iron mallet, smashing the skull and 
producing instant death. Stout then threw the body over 
the precipice, supposing that it would fall at once into the 
river and be swept into the lake before morning, but instead 
of that it struck on a projecting ledge some thirty feet below 
the upper level. Perceiving that there was some failure in 
the execution, Ira started to go down a narrow path that led 
sideways along the cliff, but in the darkness he missed his 
footing and fell. headlong, striking upon the ledge beside the 
corpse and breaking his left arm in his descent. While in 
this condition he summoned all his remaining strength, 
pushed the body again over the bank and sank in a dead 
faint. Recovering from that in a few minutes, he called to 
his sister, who was still above, to come and help him and she 
started to go down the little path, but the bushes to which 
she clung gave away, she stumbled and fell, breaking her 
left wrist and landing beside her prostrate brother. But, 
even in that wretched plight they could not remain where 
they were and so they scrambled slowly and painfully up the 
path, leaving behind them Ira's spectacles, for which they 
searched in vain, and so, taking with them the fatal mallet, 
they made their way laboriously to their home on Monroe 
avenue. There everything that occurred to them as necessary 
to conceal the evidences of their crime was done, the mallet 
was hidden away on the premises, not being found till after 
the trial, and the blood stains were to some extent washed 
away from the clothes of the culprits. But Ira's fracture 
was a bad and complicated one ; though his stoicism enabled 

History of Police Department 

him to bear the pain without a murmur the swelling and 
inflammation of the arm increased so rapidly that, dangerous 
as the exposure might be, it was absolutely necessary to have 
surgical treatment, so Dr. Rapalje and Dr. Whitbeck were 
called in at a late hour of the night, the limb was set and 
bandaged, and then the household waited for the dawn and 
for the footsteps of retributive justice. 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Benedict C. Furtherer 
Captain $lh Precinct 

It happened that a day or two before the murder a man 
named Newhafer had fallen from the Andrews street bridge 
and had been swept over the falls in the full sight of a 
number of people, the incident, in fact, suggesting to Stout 
that manner of disposing of Ditties. As Mr. Newhafer's 
body did not come to the surface, a large reward was offered 
for its recovery by the Jewish congregation of which he was 
a member. Stimulated by this a number of persons engaged 
throughout Saturday in the search, which they renewed early 

Rochester, New York 


on Sunday morning, the 20th, descending to the river by the 
identical path down which Ira and his sister had fallen the 
night before. At its foot, in a shallow eddy, where the 
rushing water had set back, they found, not the body of 
Newhafer but the mangled corpse of Littles. The alarm 
was given at once, the identification of the remains was 
soon made, and within an hour the officers, armed with a 
warrant, proceeded to the house on Monroe avenue and 
arrested the whole Stout family, consisting of seven persons. 
Strange as it may seem, the most conclusive evidence of guilt 
was found there. With that infatuation that is sometimes 
noticed in similar cases, Sarah had neglected to remove not only 
from her cloak but even from her hair the burrs of the yellow 
burdock that had clung to her in her terrible fall and that 
were afterward shown to be similar to those that grew in 
Falls field, besides which her wrist was seen to be broken, 
which she had not mentioned to the doctors the night before, 
and it had to be set at the police office, whither the whole 
party was carried at once. The coroner was already there, a 
jury was summoned, although it was Sunday, and the inquest 
proceeded immediately, lasting all that day, late into the 
night, and for three successive days and evenings afterward. 
So full and exhaustive was it that it settled the case, to all 
intents and purposes, and when the verdict was rendered it 
clearly foreshadowed the fate of the two principal prisoners, 
the others being discharged at once. 

Ira Stout was tried in the following April, Judge Henry 
Welles presiding over the court and John N. Pomeroy being 
appointed counsel for the accused, who lacked the pecuniary 
means of defense. Gardiner S. Cutting acted as junior 
counsel. Stout was convicted and sentenced to death, but 
an appeal was taken, delays were secured and it was not till 
the 22d of October that he was hanged. In all that long 
interval the curiosity to see him was unbounded and visitors 
to his cell thronged the jail almost daily. This nattered 
his vanity, which he further indulged by inditing, for 
posthumous publication, what he called his " last writing," 
a lengthy and curious effusion, full of literary allusions and 
poetical quotations, with a rambling history of his life ; a 


History of Police Department 

partial confession of his crime, with regret and justification 
intermingled, with the whole thing interspersed with a raving, 
cursing defiance of all authority, human and divine. A week 
before his end he tried to commit suicide, with a lancet, but 
though he lacked nerve to cut deep enough he walked to 
the gallows when the time came and met his death without 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Wiixiam A. Stein 
Lieutenant ist Precinct 

flinching. Before her brother's execution Sarah L,ittles was 
tried, in June of that year, for manslaughter, and, being 
ably defended by Chauncey Perry and John C. Chumasero, 
got off with conviction in the second degree ; she was 
sentenced to Sing Sing for seven years, but was pardoned 
before her term expired and subsequently married. 

Before the trial of Ira Stout, though after the commission 
of his crime and its discovery, came another trial, not for 
murder but for an attempt to commit it through the instru- 
mentality of another. An influential citizen named John B. 

Rochester New York 

Robertson, who was then the cashier of the Eagle bank and 
the comptroller of the city (an office that existed for a few 
years), was accused of trying to induce a young physician of 
this city, who was just beginning his practice and who since 
then has risen to eminence in his profession, to aid him in 
taking the life of Mrs. Robertson. She had been in a poor 
■condition of health for some time and this physician had 
been attending her, and it was charged that Robertson — 
whose motive for getting rid of her was alleged to be his 
desire to marry another woman — endeavored to get the doctor 
to give to him medicines, for him to administer to his wife, 
that should cause a rush of blood to the head, congestion, 
apoplexy and finally death. The prominence of the party 
accused, together with the singularity of the circumstances, 
caused great interest to be taken in the trial, so that when it 
came off in January, 1858, the court-room was thronged from 
day to day. Judge E. Darwin Smith presided, and the 
prisoner was defended by John H. Martindale, afterward 
attorney-general of the state, Selah Mathews and Alfred Ely* 
afterward member of Congress, with Henry R. Selden, then 
lieutenant-governor of the state, as counsel. It was probably 
this powerful combination of advocates that caused the 
attorney-general, Eyman Tremaiu, to come to the assistance 
of Calvin Huson, the district-attorney, for it is not usual for 
that high officer of the state to appear except in cases of the 
greatest importance. Upon the trial the doctor testified that 
Robertson urged the use of sanguinaria, with whose power 
as a drug he had acquainted himself, but that he (the doctor) 
had given him, instead, sambucus, a milder remedy of the 
same color and producing somewhat similar, though harmless, 
effects, and that this had been done after repeated visits to the 
physician's office. Several reputable citizens, including 
W. D. Oviatt, the chief of police, testified that they were 
concealed in an adjoining room during two or three of those 
evening consultations and had heard Robertson make the 
request as described. The counsel for the defense maintained 
that the whole thing was a conspiracy on the part of the 
doctor, who had brought in some one else to personate the 
accused, and they brought forward evidence regarding tests 


History of Police Department 

that had been made to show how easy it was for anyone to be 
mistaken as to identity when put on the wrong track at first 
and when only the voice was heard, the person unseen. The 
jury saw fit to give the prisoner the benefit of the doubt, 
and he was acquitted, after three hours of deliberation. He 
was afterward found to have been a defaulter with the funds 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Samuel L. Schwartz 
Lieutenant 2d Precinct 

of the Mt. Hope commissioners, of which he had charge in 
his capacity of .comptroller. 

The year of 1861 opened with the gloomiest apprehen- 
sions of all loyal friends of the Union, with the approaching 
secession of the southern states ; people were excited, irritable, 
hostile to everything calculated to break the peace. It was 
this feverish spirit that caused a mob to break up a conven- 
tion that the Abolitionists were so indiscreet as to hold, or 
attempt to hold, in Corinthian hall on the nth of January, 

Rochester, New York 


but no great harm was done. Then came the Civil war for 
four long years, when all thoughts were centered in that, so 
that it seemed as if less crime was committed than before or 
after. In some cities there were draft riots, and on the 16th 
of July, 1863, the Fifty-fourth regiment of militia left Roch- 

Ptioto by J. W. Taylor 

Sharon L. Sherman 
Lieutenant 3d Precinct 

ester for New York to aid in the suppression of the horrible 
disorders in the metropolis, but when the conscription took 
place here in the following month, when more than a 
thousand persons were drafted and put into the army, many 
of them against their will, there was not a ripple of disturb- 
ance, no call for the police, still less for the militia. 
Rochester was a law-abiding-- city, and was firm for the Union. 


The Department Reorganised 

Board of Police Commissioners — Their Powers and 
Duties — Clerk of the Board — Increase of the 
Force — Roundsmen Appointed — Captain of Night 
Police — Grade of Lieutenant Created — The 
Sunday-Closing Question — The Civil Service 
Law — The Board Declines to Act under It. 

In 1865 a new law went into effect, by which the control 
of the police department was vested in three commissioners, 
two of them to be elected in the future by the Common 
Council and the third being the mayor, ex officio, who at that 
time was D. D. T. Moore. The commissioners named in the 
act were Henry S. Hebard, for the term of four years, and 
Jacob Howe, sr., for the term of two years, after which George 
G. Cooper was elected as the successor of the latter for the 
regular term of four years. A list of the commissioners, with 
the time of their service, will be found in another place. 
The power of the new board was absolute as regarded the 
appointment of a chief of police and the members of the 
force (except that it was left to the Common Council to 
regulate the maximum number who should be appointed at 
any time), their dismissal, their discipline and all things 
connected with the department; the commissioners were to 
prepare and enforce all ordinances and rules regulating the 
force, to hear all complaints against any member thereof and 
to act thereupon ; they had authority to issue subpoenas and 
to compel the attendance of witnesses in any proceedings 
before them, and they had power to make arrests and serve 
criminal process within Monroe county. The mayor was to 
be the president of the board, and a majority vote was to 
govern in most cases. With the Common Council rested the 

Rochester, New York 109 

power to remove from office, by a three-fourths vote, any 
commissioner, except the mayor, upon specific charges being 
preferred and after such commissioner had the opportunity to 
be heard in his own defense, and also the power to appoint, 
temporarily, by a similar vote, the chief and the requisite 
number of policemen, in case the board, from any cause, 
neglected to do so. The office of commissioner was not a 
salaried one till 1877, when five hundred dollars was paid, 
that amount being increased to nine hundred in 1880, lowered 
to six hundred the next year, raised to one thousand in 1882, 
lowered to nine hundred in 1898 and remaining there for the 
next year, after which the office was abolished. 

Commissioner Hebard acted as clerk of the board till 
1 87 1, when an amendment was passed by the legislature 
whereby the commissioners were authorised to appoint a 
police clerk, who should act not only as clerk of that board, 
but also as clerk of the police court, whose duties were "to 
keep in a book a full and careful record of all rules, resolu- 
tions, orders and other proceedings of the board and to keep 
a docket or book in which shall be entered a memorandum of 
all processes issued by the police justice and of all proceed- 
ings had under such process, of all sentences pronounced and 
of all fines and penalties imposed by said justice, and also to 
keep, in a separate book, an accurate account of all moneys 
which shall come into his hand from any source as such 
police clerk and of the disposition which shall be made 
thereof." B. Frank Enos was appointed to the place in April 
of that year and held it till his death, on the 4th of December, 
1898; Richard Curran succeeded him in February, 1899, and 
after the demise of the board was the clerk of the police 
court ; he was followed by William F. Durnan for one year, 
and he by Charles B. Bechtold, the present incumbent. The 
high-sounding title of Metropolitan Police was generally 
applied to the new department, though that term is not used 
in the act creating it or in the records of the board of commis- 
sioners, and indeed it appears rather ridiculous for a little 
provincial city. 

The board held its first meeting 011 April 13, and 
appointed Samuel M. Sherman chief of police. The choice 

History of Police Department 

was a good one, probably the best that could have been made, 
for Mr. Sherman had held that position some years before 
and had at the same time been the chief engineer of the fire 
department, so that he was a well-tried veteran in the service, 
and at the time of his election by the commissioners he was 
filling the responsible position of depot policeman, where his 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

James E. Ryan 
Lieutenant 4U1 Precinct 

extensive knowledge of the criminal classes enabled him to 
be of the greatest usefulness in arresting professional crooks 
as they were leaving or boarding the cars. In May the board 
appointed the members of the new force ; thirty in all, whose 
names will be found elsewhere, in the regular place. The 
material was strong, as shown by the fact that, of that original 
thirty, eleven — Messrs. McLean, McCormick, Lynch, Burchell, 
Marzluff, Allen, Roworth, Dana, White, Van Vorst and 

Rochester, New York 

Hyland — were in service on the force in 1884, the semi- 
centennial of the city, twenty-nine years after their appoint- 
ment. The number was increased by additional appointments 
from time to time, until there were about fifty, which the 
Common Council had agreed upon as being sufficient. 

There was no material change in the number or the 
personnel of the force for a few years, there being about fifty 
patrolmen, of whom twenty were on duty during the day and 
the remainder at night, until 1872, when the number was 
increased to sixty-five, twenty-five of whom were day police- 
men. In 1873 six of these were appointed as detectives, with 
a slight increase of pay. In 1874 there were eighty police- 
men, including five detectives, and, in view of the increase of 
the force, it was found expedient to appoint two of them as 
roundsmen, to see that the others were actually on their beats 
during the prescribed hours. Four officers were added in the 
following year, in the next there were eight detectives, who 
were reduced to six in 1879. In June, 1866, officer Alexander 
J. Coombs was designated as captain of the night force, but 
he resigned from the department a month later and officer 
Patrick H. Sullivan was appointed in his place. 

An examination of the records of the board during the 
whole thirty-five years of its existence shows that, without 
making any very radical changes, the commissioners started 
out to do their work thoroughly. New uniforms were at once 
ordered for the police; in July it was voted that all bars of 
taverns, saloons and other places where intoxicating liquors 
were sold, except the stores of druggists, who sell only for 
medicinal purposes, should be closed all through Sunday, and 
on other days of the week at eleven in the evening, though 
this stringent provision was modified in the following April 
by allowing them all to keep open till midnight of Saturday, 
at which hour they must close and remain shut till the follow- 
ing Monday morning. In November of the first year a 
resolution was adopted that all the day men should attend, 
dressed in uniform, all fires occurring between eight o'clock 
in the evening and four in the morning, and that they should 
report to the captain at the office on their return from the 
fire. Owing to some laxity on their part the officers were, 

History of Police Department 

in 1866, required to wear the police uniform at all times when 
they appeared on the street, and the detectives, who were then 
mentioned for the first time, were ordered to make daily 
reports, in writing, to the chief, of their proceedings during 
the day. In September of that year the thanks of the com- 
missioners were officially given to officers McL,ean and 
Angevine for detecting and arresting the party who stole 

P^oto by J. W. Taylor 

Ferdinand A. KXtjbertanz 
Lieutenant jt/i Precinct 

some diamond rings and other property from the residence of 
Mrs. Tompkins. A month later, in accepting the resignation 
of officer Franklin, the thanks of the board were tendered to 
him "for his general good conduct and faithful discharge of 
his duties whilst a member of this department." 

During 1868 the board was engaged in a controversy 
with the New York Central railroad, which persisted in 
running its trains through the city at a higher rate of speed 

Rochester, N e w Y o r k 113 

than was permitted by the ordinance (eight miles an hour), 
and, as this practice resulted in an accident which caused the 
death of a young woman on the nth of June, the board, at 
its meeting four days later, requested the city attorney to 
proceed against the company for violation of the ordinance 
and at the same time instructed Chief Sherman to enforce 
the law "and, if necessary, bring into requisition the entire 
police department for that purpose." That action seems to 
have had the desired effect. In July, 1870, the city was 
divided into two precincts, the west side of the river being 
the first, the east side the second. On October 9, 1871, 
twenty-five extra policemen were sworn in, "to serve until 
further orders, in consequence of the excitement relative to 
the Chicago fire." It is not explained whether an epidemic 
of incendiarism was feared, or whether there was an unreason- 
ing popular demand for unusual protection against accidental 
conflagration. The men were discontinued a few days later. 
It is evident that the saloons were pretty wide open during 
that year, owing to the great number of orders given to the 
chief on the subject, not always consistent, for sometimes he 
was directed to close them all on Sunday, at another time to 
"close all drinking places on the Sabbath where there is any 
disorderly conduct or disturbance," at another to " request the 
proprietors of all saloons who keep nothing but intoxicating 
drinks for sale to close their establishments on Saturday 
nights at twelve o'clock, and to report to the board all those 
who refuse to comply with the request," and so on. 

Chief Sherman resigned his position in January, 1874, 
and officer Alexander McLean was designated to perform the 
duties of chief till otherwise ordered ; he was formally elected 
to the office five months later. A minute in the record of the 
meeting of September 9 of that year records the regret with 
which the board has heard of the death of detective Jonathan 
Dresser, who had been a faithful member of the force for 
twenty-five years. In June, 1877, officers Charles McCormick 
and J. S. Roworth were appointed sergeants, officers Samuel 
Brown, Peter Hughes, Jerome Rogers, Thomas Lynch and 
Peter Lauer designated detectives, and officer Marzluff court 
■ officer and interpreter. The members of the force then 


History of Police Department 

serving were re-appointed, without change. On the 16th of 
November in that year a minute expressed the regret of the 
board over the death of officer John C. Heckel. In addition 
to the regular night roundsmen, officers Geary and Baker 
were, in January, 1878, designated as roundsmen at large, to 
do duty in the daytime. In September, 1881, an important 
change was made by creating the grade of lieutenant, and 

Photo bg J. W. Taylor 

Frank B. Auen 

four officers were raised to that rank, numbered, respectively, 
first, second, third and fourth lieutenants — William Keith, 
Benedict C. Furtherer, Nicholas J. Loos and John B. Davis. 
Besides that, officer Joseph P. Cleary was made an aid to 
Captain Sullivan and commander in his absence, with the 
rank of lieutenant, and officer Charles McCormick was trans- 
ferred to the detective force, having charge of the day 
patrolmen, with the same rank. In February, 1882, officer 

Rochester, New York 115 

Frank B. Allen also was made a day lieutenant. Captain 
Sullivan having resigned by reason of failing health, Lieu- 
tenant Cleary -was, on June 21, 1883, appointed captain; 
Lieutenant Keith was made brevet captain, Lieutenants 
Furtherer, Loos and Davis were promoted one step each, and 
officer John A. Baird was made fourth lieutenant. 

The Civil Service law of the state was passed in 1883, 
and at the meeting of the board on the 18th of January, 1884, 
Mayor Parsons offered a resolution that "in addition to the 
regulations now prescribed by this board for the admission of 
persons into the police service of the city, and to better pro- 
mote the efficiency thereof, it is expedient that a commission 
of suitable persons be appointed to conduct examinations and 
ascertain the fitness of candidates, in accordance with the 
intent and purpose of the statute." But the other commis- 
sioners would have none of it, not liking the Civil Service 
law, and a resolution was adopted by the affirmative vote of 
Commissioners Zimmer and Howe, the mayor voting against 
it, to the effect that "it is the duty of this board to do for 
itself the work for which its members were elected, and to 
maintain to the best of its ability the highest degree of 
efficiency in the force, for which it is and must be held 
responsible, and it is not expedient that a coin mission be 
appointed to conduct examinations." The same attitude was 
maintained by the board for several years, but eventually the 
department came under the operation of the law, as will be 
seen further on. Let us now turn to records outside of those 
of the board, for a survey of the principal crimes committed 
during the twenty years before. 


The Hand of Blood 

The Orton Murder — The Messner Murder — The 
Montgomery Murder — Death of 'Squire Moore— 
The Heffner Homicide — The Howard Riot — 
The City Hall — The Front Street Building — 
■Female Suffrage — The John Clark Murder — 
Three Murders in One Summer — Extensive 
Jail-Breaking — Death of Captain Sullivan — 
The Lutz Murder — The Semi - Centennial. 

On the evening of March 8, 1866, Jonathan T. Orton, a 
hackman residing on South Union street, went to his barn to 
put up the horses that his son Alvah had been driving during 
the afternoon. An hour later Mrs. Orton, surprised at the 
continued delay of her husband in returning to the house, 
took a lamp and went to the barn. There she was horrified 
to see his body lying on the floor, with the skull literally 
crushed to pieces, while the nose was broken and almost 
obliterated by another blow, all the wounds being inflicted, 
evidently, by a cart stake, the end bound with iron, that lay 
near. Two doctors were called, but they could do nothing 
for the injured man, who died a few hours later, without 
regaining consciousness. As his watch nad a considerable sum 
of money were found in his pockets it was plain that the 
motive of the assassin was not robbery, but the indication 
thereby indirectly afforded, that the deed must have been 
committed by some one who had a grudge against his victim, 
did not lead to any conclusion, and the perpetrator of the 
crime was never discovered, at least judicially. 

Franz Joseph Messner and his wife lived together, but 
not happily, in the village of Penfield. Up to the time of 
their marriage she was a woman of the usual amiability, but 

Rochester, New York 


her husband's brutal treatment of her spoiled her disposition 
and so they led a quarrelsome and a discontented life. After 
two years of that misery it happened that on the 13th of 
April, 1868, he beat her so much harder than usual that death 
ensued. Then he called the neighbors in and told them that 
his wife had received fatal injuries by falling out of a wagon. 
They refused, however, to believe that story when they found 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Daniei, Golding 

that her skull was crushed and her head badly bruised, and 
they concluded that the husband had done the work with a 
mallet, which was found near by, with blood on it. The 
coroner's jury took the same view of the case, and so did the 
trial jury, for Messner was convicted and sentenced to be 
hanged on the 4th of June, 1869. His case is an illustration of 
what a travesty upon justice is furnished by the administration 
of law, with its technicalities so frequently conducive to the 
escape of criminals, though in this instance the forfeit was 

History of Police Department 

paid at last, in spite of the obstructive machinery. Just 
before the time set for execution, Gov. Hoffman gave the 
murderer a reprieve for two weeks, then a writ of error was 
granted and, after argument at the general term, Messner was 
again sentenced to die on the ioth of December ; on the 
very day before that date a stay was granted by Judge Martin 
Grover ; after more than a year's delay the case was argued 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

John M. Caerou 

before the Court of Appeals, a new trial was ordered, which 
took place in the following June, and the prisoner was again 
sentenced to death on the nth of August, 1871 ; this time 
the judgment was really carried into effect. It is worthy of 
note that on the scaffold, just before passing into eternity, the 
miserable wretch had the hardihood to assert his innocence, 
notwithstanding the fact that there was present, standing 
before him, a reporter who had in his inside coat pocket the 
written confession of guilt signed by Messner after his first 
sentence, when he had no hope of escape ; the document was 

Rochester, NewYork 119 

of course kept a secret till after the execution and was 
published on the following day. 

The wife of David Montgomery, a cartman, living on 
the corner of Monroe avenue and Union street, preferred a life 
of licentiousness to one of honest labor, so she left her husband 
and betook herself to lodgings elsewhere. Montgomery 
followed her and with much difficulty persuaded her to go 
home with him, for that night at least, to take care of her 
little baby, only nine months old. While there he tried to 
induce her to lead a respectable life, but she again asserted 
her determination to follow her own inclinations. Early in 
the morning, it being Sunday, November 13, 1870, he left 
her, went to his father's house, procured an ax, returned and 
buried the blade in the brain of his sleeping wife, the blood 
spouting over the child that lay beside her, On his trial for 
murder his defense was insanity, it being claimed that he 
was an epileptic, but the evidence showed that he must have 
reasoning powers, for he stood by the bedside for fully five 
minutes, debating within himself whether he should do the 
deed, until the thought of his wife's infidelity drove him to 
madness, and the ponderous weapon descended. The prisoner 
was convicted, and the general term affirmed the decision of 
the lower court, but the judges delayed passing sentence 
and Governor Hoffman appointed a medical commission to 
determine the question of sanity. Two years after the 
perpetration of the crime they declared Montgomery, who had 
been kept in jail all that time, to be insane, and on December 
30, 1872, he' was sent to the insane asylum attached to the 
state prison at Auburn. 

Samuel W. D. Moore, who was mayor of the city in 1859 
and again in 1866, but who was universally known during 
the last half of his life as 'Squire Moore, from his having 
held the office of police justice from 1848 to 1856, died in 

There was another Falls field tragedy on the evening of 
August 6, 1 87 1, when a young girl named Viola Carson, who 
had been drinking in a saloon near by, was enticed by two 
or three young men to go to the fatal field for an illicit 
purpose. While there she broke away from them, ran to the 

History of Police Department 

edge of the bank and either threw herself over intentionally, 
as the only way of escape from a fate worse than death, or 
fell over accidentally in the darkness. One of the participants 
in the affair, named Richard Buckley, was indicted for 
manslaughter and was convicted of that crime in the fourth 
degree, for which he got off with a fine of $50. On the 
12th of October of that year Paul Heman and his wife, who 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Jeremiah O'Grady 
Sergeant 1st Precinct . 

was better known as " Dutch Kate," went to the saloon of 
Martin Heffner, near Mt. Hope, with the avowed intention of 
pounding the proprietor. They would probably have done 
much more than that if it had not been that a pistol in the 
hands of Heffner was discharged, the bullet striking Heinan 
and killing him. The verdict was manslaughter in the third 
degree, with a sentence of imprisonment for three years, 
which was felt to be an undeserved punishment and Heffner 
was pardoned shortly afterward. 

Rochester, New Yoi 

The year of 1872 was opened with the most serious riot 
that ever took place in this city. On one of the last days of 
the old year a young negro named Howard had committed 
an aggravated assault on a little girl and had fled, but the 
police were on his track and he was captured some miles 
out of town. Upon his arrival at the New York 
Central station the attitude of those who had news of 
his coming and who were awaiting him was quite 
threatening, but the officers managed to rush him off to the 
jail and lodge him there in safety at noon on the 2d of 
January. The indignation of the populace, instead of 
lessening as the day went on, steadily increased, so that the 
Fifty-fourth regiment was ordered out to protect the jail and 
prevent any attempt to take the prisoner from the authorities 
and execute upon him " the wild justice of revenge." None 
too soon was the precaution taken, for, when darkness came 
on, a large crowd gathered on Exchange street and on Court 
street as far as the bridge over the race-way, at the west end 
of which companies D and G were posted. After taunting 
the military for some time the mob began to throw stones at 
them, and at last the soldiers, after they had repeatedly asked 
their officers to be allowed either to advance or to fall back, 
were ordered to disperse the rioters. The charge was made 
and the mob slowly retired, but more missiles were hurled, 
some of them striking and wounding different members of 
the militia, whereupon a private of company D discharged 
his musket, perhaps accidentally, perhaps while in a state of 
such excitement that he was half unconscious of the act. 
This was followed instantly by a volley from both companies, 
and several of the populace fell to the ground at once, but so 
dense was the crowd and the darkness that it was not for 
some minutes generally known whether the result was serious ; 
finally the wounded were gathered up and carried to adjacent 
saloons, to the City hospital or to their homes, as the nature 
of their injuries permitted, after which the mob slowly 
dispersed. Two of the wounded, John Elter and Henry 
Merlau, both very reputable citizens, died in a few moments, 
but the others, five in number, eventually recovered. 

The next morning the most alarming anticipations were 

History of Police Department 

felt. The indignation against the militia was so intense that 
it was manifest that there would be bloodshed if they appeared 
in the streets, besides which many of them were so unnerved 
by the events of the previous evening that they were really 
. not to be depended upon as a body. At this crisis the three 
veteran organisations of the Old Thirteenth, the Hundred and 
Eighth and the Rvan Zouaves tendered their services, and 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Frank E. Mehi,e 
Sergeant ist Precinct 

the commissioners at once swore in all the members as 
special police. There was, however, no occasion for their 
good offices. Captain Sullivan insisted that the regular force 
could preserve order, and his confidence was justified, for, 
with him at the head to lead them, the police drove back the 
people that assembled on Exchange street that afternoon and 
prevented them from getting near the jail. The coroner's 
jury a few days later took cognisance of the shooting and 

Rochester, New York 123 

rendered a verdict in accordance with the facts, and the 
grand jury presented resolutions censuring the members of 
the two militia companies for not awaiting the command of 
their officers before firing, but nothing further came of that 

Another chapter of the tragedy came at once. In 
view of the continued tension of public feeling, with the 
likelihood that the jail might be attacked if Howard were 
kept there till the next session of the criminal court, and 
also on account of the extra expense to the county for 
soldiers' pay and rations during the interval, the authorities 
took a step which was greatly censured at the time as showing 
a deference to mob violence and which was excusable only 
by reason of the unprecedented condition of affairs. Judge 
E. Darwin Smith consented to hold an extra session of the 
court, and, as it was considered that an open, public trial 
would be attended with a disturbance that might have fatal 
results, it was determined that the sitting should be held in 
the night and in secret, so the windows of the court-room 
were darkened to prevent the emission of light, and Howard, 
with his face chalked to disguise him, was taken from the 
jail to the court-house by back streets. The prisoner was 
arraigned and through his counsel, C. C. Davison, a former 
district-attorney, who was assigned to defend him, pleaded 
guilty and was sentenced to state prison for twenty years. 
He was immediately put into a carriage with jailer Beckwith 
and two sheriff's officers ; the party were driven at once to 
Honeoye Falls, where they took the cars for Auburn, and 
the trembling wretch, who had been in a state of abject 
terror all the time, felt an assurance of safety only when the 
prison doors closed behind him. But his fate was waiting 
for him, even there. A few years after his incarceration 
began he became involved in a quarrel with a fellow-convict, 
who threw him from an upper corridor to the floor below, 
breaking his neck and killing him instantly. So ended the 
Howard tragedy. 

Other crimes of that year may be disposed of briefly. 
In February there were two suicides, those of Mary Ann 
Marshall on the nth, and on the 24th of George Wetzel, a 


History of Police Department 

rejected lover, who left all his property to his sweetheart ; on 
the 18th there was a fight on Lake avenue between Burns 
and McCarthy, the former being so badly hurt that he died 
a week later, but McCarthy had in the meantime been tried 
for assaulting him and fined $50 ; on the 3d of April John 
Moran was sentenced to fifteen years in Auburn for highway 
robbery ; on the 31st of July John Hensler, inspired by 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

John F. Monaghan 
Sergeant 2d Precinct 

jealousy, shot and killed Jacob Goetzman on Main street and 
immediately committed suicide in the same manner. 

On May 23, 1873, tne corner-stone of the city hall was 
laid, but the edifice was not completed till December of the 
following year, at a cost of $337,000. In the meantime the 
city building, on Front street (a rival affair, constructed by 
politics), was put up, at a cost of over $50,000 ; the police 
court and headquarters moved in at once and stayed there for 

Rochester, New York 12^ 

a year, when they were transferred to the city hall, as narrated 
in a previous chapter. The Front street concern has, since 
then, been devoted to fire department houses, the office of 
overseer of the poor and other city interests. On the 19th of 
June, 1873, Susan B. Anthony was convicted, at Canandaigua, 
of illegally voting, in exercising the assumed right of female 
suffrage, in the eighth ward of Rochester, in the previous 
year; fined one hundred dollars; she refused to pay and 
sentence was suspended. EHsha J. Keeney, who was chief 
of police in 1856 and 1859, died May 11, 1874. 

In the early summer of 1875 several burglaries were 
committed here, and in one case, where the house was not 
entered, the thief climbed a tree in the yard, and with a 
fishing-pole, line and hook caught a watch from the bedside 
of a sleeping man. The robberies were finally traced to one 
probable culprit, John Clark, a desperado who had committed 
numerous crimes, and on the 3d of July officer Kavanagh 
undertook to arrest him at a lumber pile on Atkinson street, 
where he had been seen to hide something the clay before 
and where he returned on the day mentioned. Clark 
was not the man to surrender peaceably and he shot the 
policeman, not fatally but disabling him, then ran over the 
canal bridge and turned into Waverley place. As he did so 
he was stopped by John Trevor, a bank watchman, who came 
out of his house on hearing the report. Seeing no other way 
of escape, Clark drew another pistol and shot Trevor, but the 
latter, though wounded so badly that he died two days later, 
hung on to the murderer till other officers came up and 
secured him. Clark was tried in September, convicted and 
sentenced to be hanged on November 5 ; his counsel, William 
F. Howe, the celebrated criminal lawyer of New York, made 
desperate efforts to secure a new trial, going in vain before 
six Supreme court judges in different parts of the state to 
obtain a stay of proceedings, and after a reprieve of two 
weeks Clark was executed on the 19th of November, without 
having lost his nerve for a single moment from the beginning, 
the bravest man, though one of the worst, that ever faced 
death in the jail of Monroe county. 

The year of 1876 was marked by three homicides, every 


History of Police Department 

one of them a cold-blooded murder. Louis Gommeiiginger, 
a faithful member of the police force, was shot by Fairbanks, 
whom he was trying to arrest ; Joseph Fryer, a porter employed 
at the Whitcomb House, was killed by Stillman, and Catherine 
Boorman, near Hanford's Landing, was put to death by Victor 
Smith. All the murderers escaped the gallows, the first 
two getting life imprisonment because they had prepared 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Charles C. Alt 
Sergeant 2d Precinct 

themselves for their work by getting crazed with drink, and 
the third shooting himself in jail and dying a few days later. 
At about noon, in bright sunshine, 011 the 12th of 
October, 1878, twenty-four prisoners, most of whom were 
burglars, escaped from the jail by breaking a hole through 
the cell of one of them into the dungeon and another hole 
from that into the yard ; eight were recaptured the next day, 
and most of the others afterward ; many persons thought 

Rochester, New York 127 

that they took a good deal of needless trouble in getting out 
of so dilapidated a structure. 

Nothing important in our line occurred in 1880 except 
the shooting, on March 6, of Wallace Rice, an inoffensive 
man, by Robert Jarrard, a young lawyer who was frantic with 
drink. As the shot was not fatal — though it was meant to 
be, for the ball entered just above the heart — the would-be 
murderer was released on bail and very properly hung himself 
in his own house three days later. 

In the early part of 1882 there were many extensive 
strikes among the workingmen, the most important of which 
took place in the Cunningham carriage factory, where the 
employees took that means of redressing some alleged 
grievances of which they had complained in vain. Of four 
hundred and fifty workmen, four hundred went out on the 
28th of January, the others remaining and nearly a hundred 
more of non-union men coming in. All through February 
the strikers were peaceable, but on the 1st of March, their 
funds being nearly exhausted, they resorted to violence and 
attacked the non-union men in the street, as they were 
returning from work ; the next day there were more ferocious 
assaults and some bloodshed, though no one was killed. The 
police force being unable to preserve the peace where so 
large a number were engaged in breaking it, the sheriff 
interfered and maintained order for the next two ! days, after 
which, by the intervention of the mayor, a compromise was 
effected and the men returned to work. 

No braver officer than Patrick H. Sullivan was ever 
on the police force of this or any other city. Born near 
Killarney, in Ireland, he came, when a child, to Rochester 
with his parents. A notable athlete in his early life, he was 
known as one of the best skaters in the city and one of the 
first base ball players in the country. His occupation was 
that of a boat carpenter and caulker, and in that capacity he 
worked for some time in Louisiana, having gone from 
Pittsburg to New Orleans in a row boat. Returning to this 
city he joined the fire department and soon became foreman 
of old Cataract number 4. In 1861 he went on the police 
force, where he served one year and in August, 1862, enlisted 

I2,S History of Police Department 

as first lieutenant in Captain Dowling's company of the 
One Hundred and Fortieth regiment, succeeding that officer 
on the resignation of Dowling a little later. During the 
war he not only made a record for general good conduct as a 
soldier but distinguished himself on various occasions for his 
remarkable intrepidity ; besides which he found time to write 
home several interesting letters for the daily press, over the 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Jacob H. Klein 
Sergeant 3d Precinct 

signature of "True Blue." Coming back in 1864, he was 
for one year chief of the fire department, in which he 
maintained his reputation for almost reckless bravery by 
rescuing persons from burning buildings at the risk of his 
life. He went on the force again in 1865, and in 1866 was 
made captain of the night police. Consumption attacked 
him a little later, and, though he made the most strenuous 
efforts for some years to throw off the disease by going to 

Rochester, New York 129 

Colorado and elsewhere on long furloughs, he finally 
succumbed on the 9th of October, 1882. 

The unreliability of circumstantial evidence was never 
more clearly shown than in the case of the murder of Jacob 
Lutz, an old man who lived in a house on the River road, 
about two miles south of the rapids. On the morning of 
October 20, 1883, John Baker, his son-in-law, went to the 
place and found young Jacob Lutz, the only other occupant 
of the house with his father, lying in the woodshed and 
bleeding from wounds in the head. The boy told Baker that 
a man named John Kelly, who lived near by, had murdered 
his father and had then tried to kill him as he was endeavoring 
to escape from the house. On entering, the body of the old 
man was found, lying in bed, with his skull crushed, evidently 
by one of his own boots that was on the floor, the heel 
covered with clotted blood and hair. Kelly was arrested, 
the stains on his clothing which looked like blood were not 
satisfactorily accounted for and his previous record, for he 
had been in Auburn for burglary, was against him. It was 
those things that caused his conviction at- least as much as 
the boy's story, for, though the latter adhered on the trial to 
his original statement, his narrative was not quite clear and 
was open to a good deal of doubt. Kelly was sentenced to 
be hanged, but a new trial was granted, in which it was pretty 
clearly proven that he was- elsewhere at the time, that the 
deed was committed by two men (neither of whom was ever 
discovered) and that it was, on the part of the boy, a case of 
mistaken identity. Kelly was acquitted on the 8th of 
March, 1885, and was killed in a railroad accident a few 
years afterward. 

On the 1st of January, 1 884, Jacob Howe, sr. , died ; he was 
a member of the first board of police commissioners. On 
May 20, Asa Dubois, a waiter at the Powers Hotel, shot and 
killed Reuben Crutchfield, another negro, at the corner of 
Caledonia avenue and Tremont street, in a quarrel over the 
wife of the latter ; on his trial he pleaded guilty of man- 
slaughter in the second degree and was sent to Auburn for 
three years. The affair did not excite more than a temporary 
interest, for the thoughts of most people were absorbed in the 


History of Police Department 

coming celebration. On the 9th and 10th of June the city 
observed its fiftieth birthday — in fact, it began to do so the 
day before, which was Sunday, for the Rev. Dr. Tryon 
Edwards, then settled at Gouverneur, delivered on that 
morning at the First Presbyterian church the same sermon 
that he had preached at his installation there just fifty years 
before. On Monday, at the stroke of noon, the city hall bell 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

John H. Sherwood 
Sergeant 3d Precinct 

gave the intelligence tha.. the birthday had begun ; the 
booming of the first minute gun answered back the stroke, and 
for the next hour the air vibrated with the mingled noises 
of bell and cannon and ecclesiastic chime and shrill steam 
whistles. In the afternoon literary exercises were held in the 
large room of the city hall, Mayor Parsons making the 
opening address and the venerable Dr. Shaw offering a short 
prayer, after which orations were delivered by Charles E. 
Fitch and George Raines, a poem was recited by the Rev. 

Rochester, New York 131 

Joseph A. Ely, a congratulatory telegram from the town clerk 
of Rochester, England, was read and remarks were made by 
Mayor Low of Brooklyn and Mayor Smith of Philadelphia. 
But Tuesday was the festal day ; it was ushered in by a 
sunrise salute, and from that hour till after dark the city was 
a scene of joyful yet well-controlled hilarity. The police 
commissioners had sworn in one hundred extra policemen, 
but the precaution was unnecessary, for there was not the 
slightest occasion for their services. In the morning Governor 
Cleveland and his staff, together with Mayor Edson of New 
York city, arrived in a special car and were escorted by all 
the militia companies to the Powers Hotel, where a reception 
was held in the rotunda. At noon a salute of fifty guns was 
the signal for all the stores to close, but long before that the 
city had begun to fill up with countless thousands from the 
surrounding country, who had come in to see the lavish 
decorations of the buildings and to witness the procession in 
the afternoon. That was led by the police — those in front 
mounted, the others on foot — and after them the military, a 
great many secret societies, an inconceivable number of other 
organisations, the fire department and an almost endless array 
of wagons representing the different trades and industries, the 
whole forming the finest parade that was ever seen in this 
part of the state. In this way, closing with a grand banquet 
in the evening, Rochester celebrated its semi-centennial and 
entered upon the next half century of its existence. 


The Second Half-Century 

Changes in the Force — Mysterious Falsehood of a 
Suicide — The Bank Forgeries — Erection of the 
Present Jail — Murder near Avon — Alibi Estab- 
lished by Burglary — The Gorham Street Riot — 
The Stone Murder — The O'Neil Murder — The 
Street Car Strike — The Shooting of Stoddard 
— The Day Murder — Plenty of other Murders 
— The Third Court-House — Laying the Corner- 
stone — Description of the Building — Police 
Headquarters — Dorthy's Career — The Jury Com- 
missioner — The Smith Murder. 

Turning- again to the records of the commissioners we 
find that in January, 1885, the board concluded to comply 
with the Civil Service law and directed the clerk to ask of 
the examiners " a list of all persons passing and competent 
for policemen," which list was sent in to them two weeks 
later. They endeavored afterward to induce the state civil 
service commission to amend the regulations so as to allow of 
the selection of policemen from the whole list of those who 
had passed the examination and were rated as eligible, instead 
of confining the choice to the first three, but they were unable 
to obtain the relief sought. In April of that year Captain 
Cleary was detailed to act as day captain, Captain Keith as 
night captain. A few days later Chief McLean resigned and 
Captain Cleary was appointed to the position, Lieut. Charles 
McCormick being made captain, to fill the vacancy. The 
Protective Police and Fire Patrol company having been 
formed shortly before this, eight men were in May sworn in 
as special policemen, with the understanding that their salary 

Rochester, NewYork 


should be paid by the company. Early in 1886 the city was 
divided into four precincts, and in April the following-named 
were designated as the officers of the department : Chief of 
police, Cleary ; captain and assistant chief, McCormick ; night 
captain, Keith; first precinct, Lieut. McDermott; second, 
Lieut. Baird; third, Lieut. Allen; fourth, Lieut. Furtherer; 
detectives, Hayden, Kavanagh, Lauer, Dukelow, Lynch and 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Cari, I,. Shepard 
Sergeant 4th Precinct 

Long ; office man and detective, Burchill ; special detective 
at New York Central depot, Baker; special detective at the 
other depots, Roworth ; court officer and interpreter, Marzluff ; 
turnkey, Hyland ; janitor, Markey. In May Richard Patter- 
son was sworn in as special policeman to drive the patrol 
wagon at the time of labor difficulties. Officer Marzluff 
having died, officer Lauer was appointed court interpreter in 
March, 1887; officer Frank S. Skuse was assigned to lieuten- 

154 History of Police Department 

ant's duty, and in June officer Hayden was designated chief 
of detectives. 

In November the force was augmented by the appoint- 
ment of twenty-five additional men, in conformity with a 
resolution of the Common Council authorising the increase, 
and a more important step was taken in the creation of the 
office of police matron, whose duty it should be to make all 

Photo bg J. W. Taylor 

Armand J. McGuire 
Sergeant 4th Precinct 

searches of female prisoners and to have general charge of 
them. Mrs. Addie DeStaebler was appointed to the position, 
which she has held to this day. In November, 1888, Dr. S. A. 
Pierce was appointed police surgeon; in June, 1891, Dr. R. C. 
Cartwright was appointed in his place. In July, 1889, officer 
Samuel Schwartz was appointed lieutenant ; in January, 1890, 
officer Ryan was assigned to night lieutenant duty, and a year 
later officer Zimmerman was made a lieutenant. At a meet- 

Rochester, New York 


ing in February, 1892, there is entered on the minutes a 
letter from District-Attorney Benton, eulogistic of detective 
Roworth, who had died on the 17th of the December previous, 
and who for some time before that had been detailed to the 
district-attorney's office. In February, 1893, J. C. Hayden 
was re-appointed chief of detectives and was also designated 
assistant superintendent of police, Chief Cleary having for 
several years borne the title of superintendent ; Lieutenant 
McDermott was appointed day captain, in place of Captain 
McCormick, deceased ; Lieutenant Schwarz was made day 
lieutenant and officer Stetson was appointed lieutenant on 
night duty. In April, 1894, Lieutenant Baird was appointed 
night captain, in May officer Sherman was made a lieutenant, 
in June detective Furtherer was designated a day lieutenant. 
In March, 1896, Mayor Warner, as president of the board, 
presented a new set of instructions regarding the powers and 
duties of officers, which were adopted and ordered distribute i 
among the force. In May of that year two officers (increased 
to four a year later) were detailed to ride on bicycles, princi- 
pally for the purpose of enabling them to enforce the city 
ordinance regarding rapid wheeling. Officer Russ was 
appointed lieutenant in February, 1899. On the 29th of 
December in that year the meeting was adjourned sine die, 
the board having been legislated out of office, as will appear 
in the next chapter. So we will close the last volume of the 
long record of their proceedings for nearly thirty-five years, 
and see what has been done outside of the office. 

In the last week of 1884 two burglaries were committed 
in Brockport, on Sunday morning, one hundred and fifty 
dollars being stolen. Three suspicious-looking persons had 
been seen loitering about the village a few days before that, 
and a description of them was sent to police headquarters in 
this city. The next day two detectives, dropping in at 
Breakey's hotel, on West avenue, saw three men who looked 
like those described and requested them to go to the police 
office, which they did without objection. Arriving there, one 
of them gave his name as George Clark ; the other two said 
that they were brothers, Albert J. Brown and Frank Brown. 
While the last two were being searched, the other, remarking 


History of Police Department 

that he would take some cough mixture, put his hand to his 
pocket, drew a pistol and, before he could be prevented, shot 
himself and fell to the floor, the blood streaming from the 
wound in his forehead. He died a few hours later, at the 
City hospital, but, before the end came, he made a sworn 
statement before Coroner Sharpe that his name was George 
Clark, and that he and his companions, the Brown brothers, 

Photo by J. W. 

Henry T. McAxester 
Sergeant 5th Precinct 

had committed the burglary at Brockport, of which he gave 
the details with considerable minuteness, besides which he 
narrated some particulars of his life, saying that he had a wife 
and three children living at Weedsport. On the second day 
after that, officer McCormick went to Weedsport and made 
the astounding discovery that the three persons had slept at 
the hotel there on the night before the Brockport burglary 

Rochester, NewYork 137 

and had stayed there through the morning, taking the train 
late in the afternoon, so that they could not possibly have 
been engaged in that robbery, and furthermore Clark had no 
wife or child living in Weedsport. News of the strange 
affair having been telegraphed over the state, the chief of 
police of Glens Falls came on here and identified the so-called 
Brown brothers, who had been detained here in jail, as William 
and Joseph Davis, who had committed a burglary at that 
place some years before, and they were turned over to that 
officer to be carried back for trial. Police officials from West 
Troy and from Clinton prison also came on here, looked at 
the body of the so-called Clark and identified it positively as 
that of William Herrick, a desperate criminal who had served 
twenty years' time at Dannemora and was well known in the 
eastern part of the state. His ante-mortem statement has 
always remained an insoluble mystery. That he should have 
given a false name was not so strange, but to amuse himself 
by making up a tissue of falsehoods and swearing to them, 
almost in the hour of death, seemed an unaccountable thing, 
and, above all, to accuse himself and his companions of com- 
mitting a crime of which they were absolutely innocent, that 
passed all understanding. The only suggestion of an explana- 
tion — and it is nothing else — lies in the supposition that he 
had committed a murder somewhere and thought that the 
safest place for him to hide would be within the walls of a 
state prison. 

In 1885 there was a long strike at the foundries, which, 
kept about six hundred men out of work from the end of 
April ,to the 9th of August, when the matter was settled by 
arbitration ; while the difficulty was its height the strikers 
were so violent in their murderous assaults upon those who 
chose to labor that the commissioners afforded police protec- 
tion to the workmen at the Co-operative foundry and the Sill 
stove works. In August of that year two men came to this 
city and took up their residence here, giving the names of 
James W. Conklin and George Edwards. One of them estab- 
lished a line of credit at the Commercial bank and the other 
at the Flour City bank by the deposit of drafts, afterward dis- 
covered to be forged, on the Banque du Penple, of Montreal. 

138 History or Police Department 

On attempting to draw $2,500 at each of the banks against 
the deposit, they got the money from the Flour City, but the 
Commercial declined to pay. They left Rochester the same 
day and afterward operated in several western cities, turning 
up finally in New York city, where one of them, Joseph 
Elliott, the leader of a gang of the most skillful forgers in the 
country, was arrested, together. with George Wilkes, the man 

Photo' by J. W. Taylor 

Juuus T. Luscher 
Sergeant $ih Precinct 

who actually did the work with the pen, though he never 
appeared in public, and turned over to detective Hayden, 
who went down after them. That was in March of 1886, and 
two months later the detective went down there again and 
brought back George Edwards. Elliott, who was the man 
who had posed here as Conklin, was indicted for forgery, 
and Edwards was accepted by the prosecution as its principal 
witness on the trial, which was held in May; Elliott was 

Rochester, New Yoi 


promptly convicted — it being shown that Edwards was only 
his tool, though, as a matter of fact, it was Edwards who 
really drew the cash at the Flour City bank, which the other 
failed to do at the Commercial — and was sent to Auburn for 
fifteen years ; Wilkes was not indicted, but Edwards was 
arraigned a little later and got five years of imprisonment. 

Monroe county got a comparatively decent jail at last in 
this year, the present one, standing on Exchange street, being 
completed and occupied for the first time on October 4 ; it 
cost, besides $30,000 for the lot, $56,419.91. On the 28th of 
that month Emory Thayer, a farmer living in the town of 
Avon, Livingston county, was aroused from sleep by two 
burglars, by one of whom he was shot dead. Circumstances 
pointed strongly to the guilt of two men named Edward 
Bowman and Frank Squiers, who were arrested, and, as the 
only means of escaping the halter, Squires confessed that 
both of them were, on the night in question, engaged in the 
robbery of a freight car at Honeoye Falls, thereby proving 
an alibi. Released on the more serious charge, Bowman 
was tried for the other offense and, on the evidence of his 
companion, sent to Auburn for five years. 

Michael Hyland died on the 19th of April, 1887, after 
having been for some time the oldest living policeman in the 
city. He was born near Dublin, Ireland, December 1, 1819, 
emigrated with his parents to Canada when eleven months 
old and came to Rochester when sixteen years of age. A 
blacksmith by trade, he followed that calling till 1850, when 
he was appointed a policeman, rising to be captain of the 
watch in 1852. He never did duty as a day officer, but was 
always on the night force, and in the course of his service 
was assigned to every beat in the city until his appointment 
as night keeper of the station, in which capacity he spent 
the latter years of his life. The labor troubles of the previous 
year were renewed in the early part of the summer, extending 
to the street laborers, who were riotous on several occasions, 
the worst being on Gorham street on the 27th of June, when 
the strikers attacked the peaceful diggers in an excavation. 
The police were called out to protect the workmen, when the 
strikers turned on the officers and stoned them, injuring three 


History of Police Department 

quite severely ; the police then fired on the mob, wounding a 
number of them. Some of the ringleaders were arrested, but 
they were not sentenced till May of the following year, when 
Karl Bashe, the principal one, was condemned to pay three 
hundred dollars or serve as many days ; the others got off 
with lighter penalties. 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Peter Lauer 
Iniei'preter . 

When Alonzo A. Stone, who lived on Hayward avenue, 
on the outskirts of the city, went home on the evening of 
August 16, 1887, he looked in vain for some time for his 
wife, Ada Stone, and at last was horrified to find her dead 
body in the cellar, with limbs distorted, showing that a 
struggle had taken place before she was overpowered. There 
was a bad wound on the forehead, but the woman's death was 
due to strangulation, caused by a flour sack being tied 
tightly around her neck. The work was apparently done by 

Rochester, New You 141 

a tramp, and the police, proceeding on that supposition, sent 
out word in all directions, which resulted in the arrest at 
Canandaigua, on the following day, of a man who gave his 
name as Edward Sheldon and who was brought here and 
locked up. That fact was kept a profound secret from all 
but those directly concerned, so that when the coroner's jury 
met it found a verdict of death from the hands of some person 
unknown. Two weeks later the prisoner, who had been . 
kept in jail all the time, admitted that his real name was 
Edward Alonzo Deacons and confessed that he committed 
the murder. His story was that he had stopped at the house 
while Mrs. Stone was there alone, had asked for food, had 
been refused and pushed from the door, which made him 
angry, so that he struck Mrs. Stone and had then, to prevent 
her giving the alarm, choked her, but did it harder than he 
meant to, so that he unintentionally caused her death. Only 
a part of that narrative was true, for it was proved afterward 
that he had attempted to assault her and had deliberately 
murdered her. He was arraigned in the police court, tried, 
convicted and hanged in the new jail on the 10th of July, 
1888, the first person to suffer there, and the last, for, before 
the turn of the next one came, electricity had taken the place 
of the rope, and death must be met only in a state prison. 

Besides the many whose bodies were found, in the water 
or elsewhere, there were thirteen known suicides in the city 
in 1888 — those of John Fitzgerald, of James Grinder, who 
threw himself in front of a locomotive after attempting to 
kill his wife ; of Harry H. Stewart of Hastings, Ontario, 
at the Powers Hotel ; of Everest W. Mills, a sixteen-year-old 
boy ; of Mason W. Peake, of William Attridge, of a stranger 
by jumping from the steamer City of Rochester, of Andrew 
Hauser, of Nicholas Engler, who had murdered a man in 
Holley twelve years before ; of Emil Schlinger, of William 
Wicks, of Benjamin Eandlaw, of J. J. O'Byrne and of George 
A. Hart. On the 29th of December officer William P. O'Neil 
undertook to arrest William Manley, living on Penn street, 
who had been complained of as a dangerous person to be at 
laro-e and one whose legal sanity should be inquired into. 
Manley tripped up the officer and escaped, but O'Neil hailed a 


History of Police Department 

passing wagon, pursued him, jumped out and was just about 
to seize him when Manley fired a pistol at him, point blank, 
the bullet penetrating and lacerating the bowels. In the 
difficult and delicate operation that followed, of cutting out 
the injured part of the intestine and sewing together the 
severed ends, no less than seven surgeons participated, and it 
looked for several hours as though the patient would recover, 

Photo by J, W. Taylor 

Edward O'Loughlin 

but he sank gradually and died the next morning. Manley 
was arraigned for murder and was ably defended by A. J. 
Rodenbeck, the defense being insanity. He was adjudged 
insane and was committed to the asylum. 

The year of 1889 was marked by a prolonged strike of 
the street car drivers, which was begun on the 3d of April 
and was not declared off till the 1st of June, though many of 
the old hands went back to work some time before that. 

Rochester, New York I43\ 


During the first week there was almost a complete tie-up of 
all the lines, then some other drivers were brought in and 
cars began to run on the principal thoroughfares, though they 
had to be preceded, on Main street at least, by a line of police 
extending from curb to curb. Rioting followed naturally 
the worst being on North Clinton street, on April 13, when 
the police were savagely assaulted and several were severely! 
hurt. The trouble probably hastened the sale of the old 
horse car company, which took place in November of that 
year, to the present company, which changed the system to 
the electric as rapidly as possible, doing away with some of 
the evils complained of and lessening greatly the danger of 
future strikes. On the 12th of November the treasurer of 
the Genesee Falls loan association reported to the police that 
his safe had been robbed of some two thousand dollars 
belonging to the association, the receipts of the meeting on 
the previous night. The loss was made good by the treasurer 
and his bondsmen, among them, so the association did not 
suffer and nothing more was done about it. 

During the year Thomas Moulson, an ice dealer, forged 
paper to the extent of twenty thousand dollars and fled 
sonthward. He was tracked by detective Hayden, then chief 
of that bureau, to Charleston, S. C, and thence to Cuba ; 
being followed to Havana he returned to this country, with 
the detective on his heels, who arrested him at a small place 
in Florida ; he was brought back to this city, tried and 
convicted, but his brothers took care of the forged paper, and 
sentence, though imposed, was suspended on account of his 
age ; he died a year later. At the close of the year the board 
of excise commissioners, mindful of the general dissatisfaction 
over the indiscriminate granting of licenses, called upon the 
various police authorities to meet with them "for the purpose 
of taking such action as may be deemed necessary for the 
best interests of the public." Police Justice Keeler refused 
to appear at " the farce," as he called it, stating that the 
board had licensed numbers of persons who had served terms 
in Auburn state prison or the penitentiary, though the law 
expressly required them to issue licenses to persons of good 
moral character only. The police commissioners seem to 

1 44 History of Police Departheht 

have paid no attention to the matter. Though there were no 
more suicides in the city than in the previous year, the 
number of those in adjacent towns was sufficient to run the 
list up to twenty-seven for the whole county, the different 
methods employed being hanging, eleven ; poisoning, six ; 
drowning, three ; cutting throat, two ; jumping from building, 
two; shooting, two; setting fire to clothing, one. 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

John P. McDonald 

Samuel Stoddard lived in a house back of the residence 
of detective Thomas Lynch. On the 8th of May, 1890, 
Stoddard sawed off a portion of the high board fence which 
stood between the premises and which Lynch had erected on 
his own ground. The next day he continued the depredation, 
and the officer, as the only means of stopping it, stepped over 
to arrest him. Stoddard took up the ax that was lying on the 
ground, retreated to his house and attempted to close the 
door, which Lynch prevented by interposing his foot, 

Rochester, New York 145 

whereupon Stoddard raised the weapon, with the undoubted 
intention of killing the officer, for he was well known 
throughout the neighborhood as a desperate character, ever 
ready with the pistol or other instrument of death. Lynch, 
to defend himself, drew his revolver and fired, but the bullet 
did not reach the one for whom it was intended, for 
unfortunately Mrs. Stoddard got in the way and her life paid 
the forfeit. Instead of ceasing his attack when his wife lay 
dead at his feet, Stoddard again menaced the officer with the 
ax, who, after dodging one or two of the blows, fired again 
and his enemy was instantly killed. Lynch was exonerated 
by the coroner's jury the next day, but, in spite of that, the 
grand jury afterward found three indictments against him ; 
he was tried for murder in the second degree but was acquitted, 
on the ground of self-defense, on the 23d of September. 

A frightful tragedy occurred in July, not in Rochester, to 
be sure, but its connection with this city will be seen. The 
wife of Arthur H. Day — a worthless fellow, who had been 
arrested many times for petty crimes — complained at the 
police station that her husband had, when marrying her, 
another wife. Day was soon found, arrested and locked up 
on a charge of bigamy, but no trace could be found of his 
first wife, though she, too, was known at headquarters, from 
her having complained of her husband more than once. As 
it seemed probable that there had been foul play somewhere, 
Day was closely questioned on the subject and finally 
admitted that some two weeks before that, on Sunday, July 
27, he and his first wife (whose name was Desire, or Deseriah), 
accompanied by his sister, Mrs. Quigley, had gone to Niagara 
Falls and that, while there, his wife had left the party and he 
had not seen her since. The next step was to arrest Mrs. 
Quigley, who, after telling at first the same story as her 
brother, broke down completely and said that Arthur had 
pushed his wife over the precipice. She consented, without 
much opposition, to accompany Chief Hayden and detective 
Furtherer to the Falls and point out the exact spot where the 
crime was committed. When she reached the locality she 
said : " Over there lies the body of Arthur Day's wife," and 
immediately fainted away, accounting afterward for her swoon 

History of Police Department 

by saying that a mist rose before her eyes and in the center 
of it she saw the form of the murdered woman. The officers 
clambered down the bank at that point and found at the bot- 
tom the object of their search, the body being badly disfigured 
by the terrible fall and partly decomposed. Leaving Mrs. 
Quigley in the hands of the Canadian authorities, the officers 
returned home. Day, kept in ignorance of what had transpired, 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Whliam F. Maguire 

was simply told that a body had been found at the Falls and 
of his own free will he accompanied detective Furtherer to 
the Canadian village to identify the remains. He was there 
confronted with his sister, whose reluctant testimony sealed 
his fate ; he was promptly indicted by the grand jury at 
Welland, Ontario, was tried, convicted and hanged there on 
the 1 8th of December. 

For several Sundays in the first half of the year, beginnino- 
with April 13, the saloons were actually closed and kept 
closed, by order of Mayor Carroll, showing that the thing was 

Rochester, New York 147 

perfectly feasible. On the 22d of May Abram Bogardus, 
superintendent of mails, was sentenced to three years in the 
Albany penitentiary for stealing letters containing money ; 
he was pardoned by President Harrison a year later. On 
July 28th the coal office of Martin Barron was entered for the 
purpose of robbery and Mr. Barron, who was there, was 
frightfully beaten ; his assailant, John Calihan, got ten years 
at Auburn. Ex-Coroner Daniel A. Sharpe was knocked down 
by two ruffians on the 25th of August and died a week later ; 
Stephen McConnell was arrested for it, but got off with a fine 
of fifty dollars, it being shown that Sharpe's death was due to 
heart disease, aggravated by the assault. On the 20th of 
November Moses S. Marks secured twenty-five thousand 
dollars by forging the name of William A. Waters, cashier 
of the Flour City bank, to a telegraphic order on a New York 
bank, but he was captured at Utica the same evening, with 
all but three hundred and fifty dollars of the stolen money in 
his possession. The death of two ex-police commissioners 
occurred during the year — Henry S. Hebard, on March n, 
and George G. Cooper, on September 8. There were nineteen 
suicides in the county — poisoning, four ; shooting, three ; 
hanging, three ; severing arteries, two ; jumping off bridges, 
two ; drowning, two ; strangulation, suffocation and cutting 
throat, one each. 

John H. Miller, who lived on Hudson park, was in the 
habit of getting drunk and abusing his family. On the night 
of January 21, 1891, he came home, far gone in that condition ; 
his son, John E. Miller, reproached him for being so, and the 
father, becoming infuriated, stabbed the young man five times 
with a pocket-knife, so that he died at the City hospital the 
next morning. Miller was indicted for murder in the second 
degree. His case was called for trial on the 1st of April, but, 
on the report of three physicians that Miller was insane, Judge 
Adams ordered the trial suspended and committed the accused 
to the Buffalo insane asylum. 

While a funeral was going on in St. Patrick's cathedral, 
on May 26, two men were arrested in the throng as they were 
endeavoring to ply their trade as pickpockets. On being 
taken to the station they were soon identified as Harry King 

M S 

History of Police Department 

and James McCaffrey, two of the most notorious crooks and 
sneak thieves in the country. Their record being against 
them they were railroaded to prison, for in less than a month 
the iron doors at Dannemora closed upon them, with a 
sentence of four years and two months each. On June 6 
James Hughes, master workman of the united garment 
workers in this city, was convicted of extortion in squeezing 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

Wiluam H. Bauer 

money out of clothing manufacturers by threatening to order 
a strike ; sentenced to one year in the penitentiary ; case 
appealed and carried through all the courts of the state, but 
the conviction was affirmed and he served his term. Charles 
Pscherhofer, from Budapest, passed himself off here as an 
Austro-Hungarian count, and in that guise he succeeded in 
robbing Mrs. Barbara Heinlein of one thousand dollars 
by selling her worthless Austrian bonds. Leaving here 
immediately afterward, he made his way through Mexico and 

Rochester, New York 149 

California to Portland, Oregon, where he was arrested on the 
request of Chief Cleary, and detective Hayden brought him 
back here. He was sentenced to Auburn for five years and 
eight months ; getting out in two years' less time than that 
for good behavior, he went to California again and soon got 
into trouble for crooked real estate transactions. 

There was a repetition, on the nth of July, of the Miller 
tragedy, except that the wife, not the son, was the victim of 
a drunken man's fiendish hate. Joseph L,. Tice (or Theis), 
living on North Goodman street, was sent to the penitentiary 
for a month, on complaint of his wife Agnes, for intoxication 
and abuse. After gaining his liberty he hunted her up and 
deliberately murdered her, stabbing her five times with a 
large pocket-knife. He was convicted December 3, sentenced 
a week later to be executed on the 18th of January ; before 
that time the case was appealed, the judgment was confirmed, 
he was re-sentenced in March and executed May 18. Gabriel 
Kuhn got five years at Auburn, November 23, for assaulting 
his wife with a pistol, shooting her, but not fatally. Among 
the inmates of a small boarding-house on Pinnacle avenue 
were Charles Demico, an Italian ; Jacob Wolfschlager, a Ger- 
man, and a woman, of doubtful nationality, who had been 
married, first to the German and then to the Italian, whom she 
preferred and who was indeed the better man of the two. On 
December 23 Demico was found dead in bed, with his throat 
cut from ear to ear. Wolfschlager was arrested and, although 
he insisted that the Italian had committed suicide, was tried 
for murder in the following March. The jury, after being 
out for twenty-four hours, brought in a verdict of guilty of 
murder in the second degree — evidently a compromise 
judgment, which did not reflect the opinion of a single juror 
— and the prisoner was sentenced to hard labor at Auburn for 
life. The number of suicides reported in the county during 
the year was twenty-one — seven by drowning, five by poison, 
three by hanging, three by cutting the throat, two by shooting 
and one by cutting an artery. 

Early in April, 1892, houses on Monroe avenue and 
Alexander street were entered by burglars and the next day 
two men were arrested for the acts, who proved to be noted 

History of Police Department 

criminals. Their great reluctance to be photographed and 
their grimaces to prevent accurate likenesses from being 
secured were easily explained by the fact that when their 
pictures were sent to police departments throughout the 
country it was found that one of them, who had given his 
name as James T. Harris, was really James T. Wood, who 
had committed a murder in Maryland a year before that, while 

Photo by J. W. Taylor ' 

William J. Scanlan 

burglarising a residence. Before his identity became known, 
he and his partner made a desperate effort to escape from the 
jail here, but they were unsuccessful. After Wood had served 
three years at Auburn for the Rochester burglary he was 
taken back to Maryland. 

Charles F. Underhill flourished here for some years as 
president of the Flour City Life association, but in May he 
was convicted, after a prolonged trial, of forgery in attempting 
to defraud the concern and was sentenced to four years and 

Roche s-ter, NfwYork 151 

eight months of imprisonment ; was released on bail, pending 
appeal, and the case dragged on for nearly two years, when 
the judgment was confirmed by the general term, but was 
overruled by the Court of Appeals. D. D. T. Moore, who 
was elected mayor in 1865 and who was president of the 
board of police commissioners during its first year, died in 
New York on the 3d of June. On September 1 there was 
almost a general jail delivery, resulting in the escape of seven 
of the inmates, headed by Clarence F. Tear, a well-known 
criminal, who had obtained a false key by means of which he 
unlocked the cell doors of himself and the others ; once 
outside they scattered to different parts of the country, but 
the large reward that was offered caused all of them to be 
recaptured eventually, except Tear, the ringleader, who has 
not been heard of since. In December John H. Keefe, a 
lawyer of this city, was sentenced to one year in the 
penitentiary for grand larceny. 

In January, 1893, eighteen of the principal coal dealers 
in the city, members of the Rochester Coal exchange, were 
indicted for conspiring together to prevent fair competition 
in the sale of coal here, the indictment stating that " not 
being content with the ordinary rates and prices which they 
and other persons were accustomed to receive, they did 
contrive and intend, unlawfully, unjustly and oppressively, 
to increase the price of coal." The trial was a protracted 
one and was a failure, the jury being equally divided, but the 
exchange was thereby broken up. Captain Charles E. 
McCormick, one of the veterans on the force and an officer 
of distinguished ability, died January 31 ; he was born at 
Trenton, Ontario, March 31, 1838, and came to this city in 
1845 ; in early life he was connected with different hotels, 
first as a bell boy, then as porter, then as clerk at the Brackett 
House and at Congress Hall ; when the force was reorganised, 
in 1865, he was one of the first twenty-five officers sworn in 
and served continuously thereafter, as patrolman, roundsman, 
detective, day captain and assistant chief or superintendent. 

An Englishman named Charles Young gave the police a 
good deal of trouble in this year by various misdeeds ; his 
occupation was that of a saloon broker, selling a saloon and 

'5 = 

History of Police Department 

its fixtures, partly for cash, partly on time, taking the property 
when the purchasers failed to pay up and then shooting at 
them when they came back to get what belonged to them ; 
indicted, bailed, fled and returned to England ; followed by 
District-Attorney Forsyth and a deputy sheriff to bring him 
back, but he was wanted over there for swindling, and was 
imprisoned for several months ; when his term expired he 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

William Whaley 

was brought back on extradition papers for assault in first 
degree ; tried in April, 1894, and convicted of assault in 
second degree ; was sentenced to four years and nine months 
in Auburn ; after being taken there the general term decided 
that his conviction was illegal, as it was for a crime different 
from the one for which he was extradited ; he was therefore 
released at once and again returned to England ; three months 
later he tried to kill a man there ; was sent to Portland 
prison, attempted to escape and was shot dead by the guard in 
February, 1895 ; a satisfactory end of his career, to all but one 

Rochester, New York 153 

On Sunday, May 28, Herman J. Theis was so badly 
pounded in his own saloon by Patrick O'Hara that he died 
five days later ; O'Hara was tried for manslaughter but 
acquitted on the ground of self-defense. A person whose 
identity has never been revealed repaid to the German 
insurance company four thousand dollars which he said had 
been wrongfully obtained from it. In September the wretched 
set of buildings known as Murderers' Row, on Exchange 
street, near Spring, were ordered to be demolished, as a 
menace to public health by reason of filthy and ruinous 
condition ; a large number of crimes had been perpetrated 
there during the previous years, including the shooting of 
Joseph Smith, an Englishman, by Harry Gaul, a negro, who 
was sent to state prison for life and soon died there. Heavy 
sentences were given to wrong-doers in this year, such as 
twelve years in prison, imposed upon an old artist named 
John Hutchins, for rape, and ten years given to Charles H. 
Brozee for wrecking a train near Fisher's Station. The 
suicides of the year were those of Mrs. W. J. McPherson, in 
January ; Cortland Annis, in February ; Theodore Deis and 
Max Snyder, in March ; Clinton Shoemaker, in April ; 
Ferdinand Nowack and Mrs. Mary Orchard, in May ; 
Bartholomew Doran (who killed his infant child, tried to 
drown his wife and then threw himself in front of a passing 
locomotive), in June ; Frank Mesle and Dr. George A. Fisher, 
in July ; Morris Greenstone, John E. Combs and Albert 
Nitzke, in August ; John B. Dingg and Peter Gumo, in 
September ; Mrs. Sarah J. Van Riper, in October, and Albert 
H. Bruman, in December. 

There were seven homicides in 1894, but in none of 
them did the perpetrator meet with capital punishment. On 
the 25th of March Spencer Howe, an agent for the United 
States express company at Rochester Junction, was stabbed 
to death with a stiletto, at that place, in an Italian shanty, 
by some one of that nationality ; Nicolo Denardo was tried 
for the crime in June but was acquitted. Patrick Gavin 
killed Howard D. Abbott in a quarrel at Charlotte, August 1; 
indicted for murder but acquitted on the ground of self- 
defense. Frank Gallo shot and killed James Bovenzee in a 


History of Police Department 

saloon on West avenue, August 15 ; in the following January 
he was tried, convicted and sentenced to die on the 16th of 
February, but he obtained a new trial, on which he was 
acquitted, June 27, 1896. There were not many suicides, 
the most notable ones being those of William Daningburgh, 
a former coroner, by inhaling gas ; Frederick Hall by 
hanging, John B. Dougherty by taking laudanum, Mrs. 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 

John W. Nagle 

William Pruce by cutting her throat, James M. Marriott, 
E. H. Parmalee and Mrs. Celia Fowler. 

Captain William Keith, one of the best officers on the 
force, died on the 28th of March. He was born at Edinburgh, 
Scotland, in 1837, and passed his boyhood in Phelps, Ontario 
county, and Penfield., in this county, in which latter place he 
had a blacksmith shop, where he practised that callino- for 
many years. At the outbreak of the rebellion he enlisted in 
the Eighth New York cavalry, serving with honor and 

Rochester, New York 155 

distinction until the close of the war. He was appointed a 
policeman on July 1,1871, and was for many years a roundsman 
on Main street; in 1881 he was appointed lieutenant of the 
first precinct, and in 1883 was made night captain, which 
position he filled at the time of his death. On May 19th 
the excise commissioners raised the price of saloon licenses 
from fifty dollars to $125. 

The Fourth of July was celebrated by laying the 
corner-stone of the third and present court-house, with 
the full Masonic ritual used on such occasions. Before those 
ceremonies took place there were an address by the mayor, 
George W. Aldridge ; an invocation by the chaplain, 
Rev. W. C. Hubbard ; the reading of the Declaration of 
Independence, by James G. Cutler, and an oration, by George 
Raines. In the cavity of the corner-stone of the first court- 
house, laid in 1821, there had been deposited a parchment 
scroll inscribed with statistics relating to the new county, 
with a concise statement of the settlement and early history 
of the village of Rochester. This document was redeposited 
in the corner-stone of the second court-house, laid in 1850, 
and with it were placed a great number of articles relating to 
the second period and covering the ground between the two, 
the whole being placed in a box that was packed as full as it 
could hold. When the box was taken out in 1894 it was 
found that the writing on the old scroll was still legible, 
except in two places, while a large proportion of the more 
modern things were practically destroyed by the moisture 
that had crept through the stone, the likeness of the faces on 
the daguerreotypes being wholly obliterated and the books, 
both paper and binding, being reduced to pulp. With as 
much of a restoration as possible the articles commemorative 
of the first two structures were placed in a metallic casket, 
together with books and newspapers emblematic of the time 
and descriptive of the previous thirty years, and were deposited 
within the corner-stone of the present edifice. 

The contract called for its completion by April 1, 1896, 
but it was not sufficiently far advanced for occupancy till 
June 27 of that year, when the surrogate, George A. Benton, 
formally opened it by moving into his office. The building, 

156 History of Police Department 

which is fire-proof throughout, is vastly larger than either of 
its predecessors, with a frontage of one hundred and forty feet 
and a depth of one hundred and sixty, coming almost flush 
with the sidewalk on West Main street and leaving but little 
open space in the rear, between it and the city hall ; with a 
high basement and four storeys on the Main street front, 
eighty-seven feet in all ; built of New Hampshire granite, all 

Photo by J. W, Taylor 

Walter G. Barnett 

smooth dressed, and with a heavy cornice of the same stone. 
It is Romanesque in general design, with four polished col- 
umns on the north front, guarding a vestibule that opens into 
a central court covered by a skylight ninety-two feet above 
the level of the ground floor ; it is finished within in marble 
throughout ; the first floor is used by the county clerk, the 
county treasurer and the surrogate ; the trial courts occupy 
the second floor, the third is taken up with the general and 
special term and the law library, and the fourth is devoted 
to the supervisors, the district-attorney, the jury commissioner 

Rochester, New York 157 

and the grand jury ; the architect was J. Foster Warner and 
the contractors were Friederich & Sons. The actual cost of 
construction was $719,945.02, besides $110,212.48 for fixtures 
and furniture, making $830,157.50, to which may be added 
$4°>533-33 P a id for rent during construction and enough 
incidental expenses to make, altogether, a bill of $881,560.86 
that the county had to pay. 

The large and ornamental building for police headquarters, 
standing on Exchange street, nearly opposite the jail, was 
begun in June, 1894, and completed in that month of 1895 ; 
it cost, exclusive of the land on which it stands, sixty-five 
thousand dollars ; Herbert W. Pierce was the architect,. 
Stallman Brothers were the general contractors. The 
basement is devoted to the boiler room and cellars ; on the 
first floor are the captain's offices, the assembly room, with 
lockers, and the lock-up for males, with twenty-two cells ; the 
second floor contains offices for the chief of police and the 
director of the detective bureau, the police court room, with 
rooms for the judge and the clerk, and also a room for the 
detectives, with the " rogues' gallery ;" on the third floor are 
the living apartments for the matron, rooms for the detention 
of witnesses and the lock-up for females, with thirteen cells ;. 
the fourth floor is given up to the police patrol operators, the 
gymnasium and the bath-room ; the barn and the stable for 
the police patrol are in the' rear of the building. On the 26th 
of May Dominick Kearns was killed in Kervin's saloon near 
the Rapids, by Egbert H. Chatfield, in a quarrel over the 
A. P. A. ; Chatfield was tried in February, 1896, and was 
acquitted on the ground of self-defense, the jury being out six 
hours and taking nine ballots. 

Early in 1896 John F. Dorthy, a lawyer of considerable 
practice, began a career which bore many points of 
resemblance to that of Charles Young, in that it kept him 
constantly before the courts for several years, only he did not 
come so much into collision with the police, for his crimes 
were marked by craft, rather than violence. He got into the 
habit of appropriating to his own use money entrusted to him 
by his clients and of cheating people, including his mother- 
in-law, by means of forged mortgages. His crookedness 


History of Police Department 

having been well established, he was disbarred from 
professional practice in June of that year and expelled from 
membership in the Second Baptist church in September. 
Indictments innumerable were found against him, he was 
tried repeatedly, convicted almost as often and sentenced to 
state prison over and over again, but he kept out of it for 
more than four years, fighting the case with appeals and stays 

Addie deStaebler 

and injunctions and other legal tricks. At last, on a sentence 
of three years and five months, for keeping two hundred and 
fifty dollars sent to him by a client to make a settlement, he 
was, on the 8th of January, 1901, actually taken to Auburn, 
and there he is now. On the 1st of March. Alexander 
McLean died. He was born in Caledonia, Livingston county, 
in May, 1818 ; was a member of the old police force in 1863 
and eleven years later was appointed chief, to succeed Samuel 
M. Sherman, holding that position till 1885, when he resio-ned ■ 
he was a person of much native shrewdness and of great kind- 
ness of heart, with all which he was one of the most strict 

Rochester, New York [59 

disciplinarians that the department ever possessed. In May 
Vincent Marquetta was tried for the murder of James Quetta 
— both Sicilians — convicted of manslaughter and sentenced 
to ten years at Auburn. On September 1 22 the courts decided, 
in a case instituted by the Rochester Whist club, that social 
clubs must take out licenses. Robert Watt murdered his 
brother Andrew, September 24, by stabbing him in an 
altercation at the Brown street railroad crossing ; convicted of 
manslaughter in the first degree and sentenced to nineteen 

In April, 1897, the legislature passed a law of much 
importance, creating the office of commissioner of jurors for 
Monroe county. Martin W. Cooke, an eminent lawyer of 
this city, was appointed to the position on May 8 and held 
the office at the time of his death, February 23, 1898, when 
he was succeeded by John M. Steele, the present incumbent. 
The benefit of this law to the county is very great. It 
secures a far better set of men to serve on the juries than ever 
before, for, by the examination to which he subjects them, 
the commissioner excludes thousands of persons who were 
formerly on the list, while at the same time he brings into it 
many who could show no reason but their own inclination 
for being off the roll, so that the number of those eligible is 
now between five and six thousand. Besides that, the law 
saves to the county about twelve thousand dollars annually, 
for the total expense of the jury system for the year ending 
with October of 1902 was $22,975, as against $34,377.20 for 
the year before the law went into operation. 

Two mysterious murders marked the year 1897. The 
first occurred on the night of May 12, when William H. Peart 
was killed by some unknown person. Suspicion pointed 
strongly toward two or three different people, but there was 
not sufficient evidence for an indictment, still less for a 
conviction. Nearly five years afterward the widow of 
William J. Stokes informed the police that her husband, who 
had died recently, had informed her, some time before his 
death, that he had done the deed in the course of a quarrel. 
The other tragedy took place in Churchville. Of a house in 
that village on the night of September 8 the occupants were 


History of Police Department 

Plioto by J. W. Taylor 

Patrolmen Assigned to Special Duty 

Rochester, New York 161 

George A. Smith, aged seventy years, and his wife, together 
with Grant Walker, who was Mrs. Smith's nephew, and Mary 
New, a nurse taking care of Walker, who was sick. Early in 
the morning Miss New wag awakened by hearing groans, and 
going down stairs she found Smith lying on the floor, bound 
and gagged, with his legs tied to the dining-room table. To 
the neighbors who were at once called in Smith said that two 
burglars had entered the house while he was sleeping, had shot 
his wife, had dragged him from bed, had tied him as he was 
found and had escaped through a window. Mrs. Smith was 
found in her bed-room, with a bullet wound in her head, from 
which she died a few days later. In spite of the fact that she 
said that she did not know who shot her, and her refusal to- 
the last to incriminate her husband, his story was generally 
disbelieved and few doubted that he deliberately murdered 
his wife. He was arraigned in the following June, but one 
of the jurors fell sick after the trial had begun, so it had to 
be deferred till September. It then lasted for six weeks, at 
the end of which time Smith was convicted of murder and 
sentenced to death. Execution was stayed by carrying the 
case to the Court of Appeals, which ordered a new trial on 
the ground that it was an error to admit Mrs. Smith's 
statements as to the crime. For various reasons there was 
delay in fixing the time for the re-trial of the case, and in 
the meantime Smith had to spend more than four years in 
the death cell at Auburn. When at last he was arraigned 
again, on January 19 of this year, eleven witnesses at the 
former trial had died, eight of them for the prosecution, 
and others were missing, but in spite of that he was again 
convicted and again sentenced to the electric chair ; an appeal 
was taken, of course, and his fate will not be positively 
decided till after the publication of this volume. 

Frederick Zimmer, an ex-police commissioner, fell from 
the window of his office on the corner of West Main and 
Exchange streets, and, striking his head on the pavement 
below, was instantly killed, January 4, 1898. Charles W. 
Briggs, mayor of the city in 1871 and thereby president of 
the board of police commissioners, died on the 18th of 
May, 1899. In the summer of the last-named year Joseph 

I 62 

History of Police Department 

Rochester, New York 163 

Lombardo, who kept a small fruit stand on North avenue, 
was killed by Joseph Alessi in a quarrel over a small debt 
that was owed by the latter ; manslaughter in the second 
degree ; Auburn, twelve years and four months at hard labor. 
William Berl, a boy sixteen years old, killed Frank Peglau, 
October 1, at a social party ; he was convicted of manslaughter, 
second degree, and got off with a fine of five hundred dollars, 
which was paid. Police Patrol Sergeant Robert B. Swanton 
died October 8, 1899, after a long illness. He went on the 
police force September 9, 1887, being one of the few who 
have received their appointment from the Common Council. 
Beginning as the driver of the ambulance and then of the 
patrol wagon, he was soon made a sergeant, some years later 
was promoted to the staff of detectives and afterward became 
a sergeant again ; a faithful officer in all the positions that 
he held. 


History of Police Department 


Photo by J. W. Taylor 



Under the White Charter 

Police Provisions of the Charter — Ordinances of 
the Common Council — The First Commissioner 
of Public Safety — James D. Casey Succeeds 
James G. Cutler — George A. Gilman Appointed 
Commissioner — A Record of Crime — The Keat- 
ing Murder — The Orphan Asylum Fire — The 
Brown Murder — The Hickey Murder — The 
Ethel Dingle Tragedy — The McFarlane Mur- 
der — The Coal Famine — Statistics for the 
Past Year 

For many years before this the need of a complete 
revision of the charter of Rochester had been felt, and many 
efforts had been made in that direction, much labor being 
expended, under the auspices of the Chamber of Commerce 
and other organisations, by public-spirited individuals, in 
drafting amendments or completely new documents, to take 
the place of the old charter. Nothing came of it, however, 
till 1898, when the legislature passed a law called, officially, 
"the charter of cities of the second class," though it is 
commonly known as the " White charter," from the name of 
the state senator whose persistent advocacy secured the 
adoption of the measure. It is uniform in its application to 
four cities of the state — Rochester, Syracuse, Albany and 
Troy— in all of which the next city election after the passage 
of the act was to be held under its provisions. That made 
the election of 1899 i n Rochester to conform to it, and all 
the city officers then chosen, as well as all their appointees, 
went into office on the first of January following, instead of 
on the first of April, as was formerly the custom. The act 
is a very voluminous instrument, containing originally four 

1 66 

History of Police Department 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York [67 

hundred and ninety-five sections, seventy-seven of which were 
afterward repealed and several others amended. Nineteen 
sections relate to the police department — or, rather, sub- 
department or bureau, for the department of Public Safety 
was created, of which the police constitute one branch, while 
the other divisions are those of fire and the public health — 
the main provisions of which are as follows : The mayor is 
to appoint a commissioner of Public Safety, to hold office for 
two years unless sooner removed by the mayor, who shall have 
charge of the police department; shall appoint, when a vacancy 
occurs, a chief of police, to hold office during good behavior 
or until he becomes permanently incapacitated, and such 
other subordinates to hold office during his pleasure as may 
be prescribed by the board of estimate and apportionment ; 
shall also appoint a clerk to attend at the office and keep all 
the records and papers relating to the department ; shall also 
keep a record of all his official acts ; shall also make rules 
for the government of the police force, and shall appoint, as 
vacancies in the force occur, or as the ordinances of the 
Common Council may require, all the members of the force 
and distribute them into grades to conform to such ordinances. 
The mayor is empowered to control and direct the department 
for the purpose of carrying out the laws of the state, and in 
case of riot or insurrection he may take command of the 
whole police force. The Common Council has power, at all 
times, to determine the number of members of the department 
and the classes or grades into which they shall be divided 
and to make any ordinances for their government. The 
other sections relate to the powers and duties of the policemen; 
they must be appointed in pursuance of the civil service 
laws, they must not solicit votes or be delegates to political 
conventions ; they are not liable to military or jury duty or 
to arrest on civil process, and in cases of charges against 
them, which must be made in writing, they are to be tried by 
the commissioner, all trials being open to the public. 

George A. Carnahan was elected mayor in November, 
1899, and on New Year's day following he announced his 
appointments, among them that of James G. Cutler to be 
commissioner of Public Safety. On the 30th of January the 


History of Police Department 


Photo by J, W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York 169 

Common Council adopted a set of police ordinances, of 
which the most important were the following : Five 
police precincts were to be established, with a station in each 
of them ; the department was to consist of one chief of police, 
five captains, five lieutenants, eight detective sergeants, four 
sergeants in the police patrol bureau, ten sergeants, one 
hundred and fifty-five patrolmen, five doormen, four drivers 
and three turnkeys ; the patrolmen were divided into four 
grades, according to their terms of service ; a detective bureau 
was established, the police patrol service and the police 
telegraph and telephone service being also made bureaus in 
the department ; the commissioner was empowered, whenever 
the good of the service demanded it, to appoint an extra 
■captain, who should be the director of the detective bureau. 
Under this last provision, John C. Hayden, who had previously 
been chief of detectives, was appointed in March, 1900, with 
the rank and title above mentioned. On April 12 the council 
accepted an act passed by the legislature, consolidating the 
park police with the city police and making it the duty of the 
commissioner of Public Safety to provide police protection for 
the parks. 

Commissioner Cutler, at the beginning of the year, 
appointed George A.Gilnian clerk ; in February Dr. John A. 
-Stapleton was appointed police surgeon, and all members of 
the force were ordered to report to him for physical 
examination ; in March officer O'Loughlin was re-assigned to 
the detective bureau ; in April a school of instruction was 
established, in which the members of the force, divided into 
three classes of about sixty each, were instructed regularly by 
James L. Whitley, of the corporation counsel's office, as 
to their powers and duties ; this was found to be advantageous, 
and, although intermitted of late, the school will shortly be 
resumed. In May five precincts were established, the station 
of the first or central precinct being at police headquarters on 
Exchange street ; the second on South avenue, near Gregory 
street ; the third on University avenue, opposite Oxford street; 
the fourth on Clinton avenue north, near Kelly street ; the 
fifth on L/yell avenue, corner of Moore street ; the last-named 
has been changed this year from its original location to old 

I 70 

History of Police Department 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York 

number six school-house, on the corner of Lyell avenue and 
Frank street, running through to White street, making it the 
most commodious and best-equipped station in the city. In 
June Lieutenants Herman Russ and Michael J. Zimmerman 
were promoted to be captains, and officers Monaghan, 
Cummings, Klubertanz, McAlester, Stein, Shepard, Sherwood, 
Mehle, O'Grady and Klein were advanced to the grade of 

On August 14 Commissioner Cutler sent a letter to the 
mayor, tendering his resignation, to take effect September 1. 
This was accepted and James D. Casey was appointed 
commissioner. One of his first official acts was to appoint 
Dr. Richard C. Cartwright police surgeon, in place of Dr. 
Stapleton, retired. In November detectives McDonald, 
O'Brien, Bauer, Dynch, Muldoon, Maguire, Dong and 
Kavanagh were appointed detective sergeants. 

At the election of November, 1901, Adolph J. Rodenbeck 
was chosen mayor, and he appointed George A. Gilman, who 
had been clerk of the department for the previous two years, 
to be commissioner of Public Safety. Mr. Gilman named 
C. Alonzo Simmons as clerk, and a little later re-appointed 
Dr. Stapleton to the position of police surgeon. In January 
Captain M. J. Zimmerman was transferred to precinct 
number one and became acting inspector of police and, in the 
absence or disability of the chief, was given the powers and 
duties of chief of police. He is still in this position. In May 
the Common Council passed an ordinance abolishing the grade 
of detective sergeant, the result of which was that all the 
officers holding that title were reduced to the rank of 
patrolman. A little later the commissioner appointed officers 
O'Doughlin, Bauer, Nagle, Barnett, Maguire, Whaley, Scanlan 
and McDonald as detectives. On the 10th of May an 
innovation was made by the appointment of four mounted 
policemen, to do duty on the outskirts of the city ; the 
experiment has proven very satisfactory. In August 
Sergeants Klubertanz and Stein were promoted to the grade 
of lieutenants, and officer Charles C. Alt to the rank of 
sergeant; in January, 1903, officer McGuire was made a 
sergeant. In that month the Common Council passed an 

History of Police Department 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York 173 

ordinance making a new grading of patrolmen, so that an 
officer now receives the full pay of seventy-five dollars a month 
after serving three years from the date of his regular 
appointment, instead of having, as formerly, to wait for five 

A few pages will fill up the story of crime and death 
from our last record to the present day. On the 10th of 
January, 1900, four prisoners at the jail overpowered the 
guard and escaped. Two of the fugitives were soon 
recaptured, one of whom, Clarence Egnor, who had been 
arrested in the previous December for burglary and grand 
larceny, was sentenced to Auburn for five years, not for those 
crimes but for jail-breaking and for lying to the judge about 
his record. He had not been long in- prison before he 
assaulted one of the keepers, Archie W. Benedict, striking 
him on the head with an iron bar and stunning him, whereupon 
Egnor took the revolver from the officer's pocket and 
deliberately shot him dead ; the murderer was executed a 
month later. In March Frederick Slintz killed Pasquale 
Patrona at Maplewood, a station on the Buffalo, Rochester & 
Pittsburg railroad ; manslaughter in the first degree, twenty 
years at Auburn. In April, Frederick Heberger was sent to 
prison for ten years for a brutal assault upon the little 
daughter of Patrolman Greve. There were several suicides 
during the year, but the only one worth mentioning was that 
of Louis Kircher, a magnetic healer, who, on the 20th of 
April, enticed Mrs. Marling, a widow, to his apartments and 
then, maddened by her refusal to marry him, fired two 
shots at her and pounded her with the revolver till he 
supposed she was dead ; the next day he threw himself into 
the river. On the 5th of May Captain Hayden received a 
telegram authorising him to arrest C. F. W. Neeley, who was 
supposed to be on his way westward, to join his family in 
California ; Neeley was the treasurer of the postal service of 
Cuba and was accused of embezzling thirty-six thousand 
dollars of government funds at Havana ; he was arrested at 
the New York Central station and a large proportion of the 
money was found in his trunk ; the United States chief 
post-office inspector came on the next day and took him to 


History of Police Department 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York 175 

New York, where he was bailed in twenty thousand dollars ; 
in July Hayden went down there as a witness in the 
preliminary examination, and a short time afterward to testify 
in the trial at Havana ; Neeley was convicted and sentenced 
to a long term of imprisonment, as was also his confederate, 
Rathbone, the director of the postal service. 

On the morning of November 21, behind a high bill 
board on Nortli Union street, the body of Theresa Keating was 
found. As time passed, and days and weeks went on, a general 
interest was aroused by the failure to discover the perpetrator 
of the brutal crime. Over sixty persons were brought to the 
office of the chief of police and examined by an assistant 
district-attorney, without eliciting any information, and two 
suspected persons underwent a police court examination, but 
both were discharged, as nothing could be proved against 
them ; one of them, Hobart Fuller of Toronto, left the city 
and the country immediately and joined the English ,army in 
South Africa. A mysterious stranger was seen in the vicinity 
of the murder early in the morning after its occurrence, and 
a full description of him, as well of the crime itself, was sent 
to the police departments of one hundred and fifty cities in the 
United States and Canada, but the man,' though some trace 
of him was found, was never caught. Officer Charles W. 
Struble died January 29, officer Daniel J. Leary February 20, 
and officer Robert J. White November 17. 

The record for 1901 opens with an appalling calamity. 
On the night of January 8 fire broke out in the Rochester 
orphan asylum, in Hubbell park, in which thirty-one 
children lost their lives, either by the flames or by suffocation ; 
the police were early on the scene and did good work in 
rescuing many little ones who would otherwise have perished. 
The lawyers had a hard time of it this year. Leslie E. 
Hulbert, a graduate of Cornell and admitted to the bar in 
1895, seems to have practised his profession principally, if 
not solely, for the purpose of running a divorce mill, by 
means of an elaborate system of perjury. He was quite 
successful for a number of years in separating those whom 
the law, if not God, had joined together, but at last an 
indictment was found against him and others in March, 1901, 

I 70 

History of Police Department 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York 177 

and he fled the city at once. James Courtney, one of his 
tools, was easily convicted in April and given an indeterminate 
sentence at Auburn, but no trace could be found of Hulbert 
till November of the following year, when he was heard of at 
El Paso, Texas, and Sheriff Ford, with officer Muir, went 
down thereafter him. They could not get him, because he 
was wanted there to pay the penalty for extensive insurance 
frauds, and furthermore, when Texas got through with him, 
if uot before, the Mexican government wanted him, and had 
already filed extradition papers with the secretary of state for 
that purpose, on the charge that Hulbert had murdered his 
own brother-in-law at Chihuahua to get the insurance on his 
life. So that a blank wall, an open grave and a file of riflemen 
are awaiting Leslie Hulbert, rather than a return to Rochester. 
Wilber C. Monroe, another lawyer, was sSnt to the penitentiary 
in August for robbing a client of twenty-five dollars. 

On the 19th of February Dominico Campani shot and 
killed Francesco De Carlo, who had dunned him for a debt 
of eighty cents ; murder in the second degree ; Auburn 
fifteen years. After the Romans came the turn of the Greeks. 
On the 19th of April George Hoompavis was slaughtered in 
the same manner by Peter Panaretes, another Spartan, in the 
Olympian confectionery store near the Four Corners, in a 
quarrel over a woman ; manslaughter, second degree ; fifteen 
years. In May Edwin P. Hickey, indicted for smuggling 
tobacco, pleaded guilty and was fined four thousand dollars. 
In that month a strike of machinists, metal workers and 
street laborers was inaugurated, which spread quickly to all 
union members of building trades ; in June the contractors 
were obliged to ask for police protection from striking 
workmen ; on the 26th of that month a party of strikers tried 
to enter the power house of the street car company to wreak 
vengeance on a number of laborers who had gathered there ; 
a squad of policemen withstood them and were attacked by 
the strikers, Sergeant Golding and twelve of the officers, as 
well as several strikers, being injured ; on the 3d of July the 
contractors on the public improvements were ordered by the 
authorities to resume work at once ; they tried to do so the 
next day, but a large body of imported laborers were won 


History of Police Departmen- 

P.ioto by J. W. Taylor 


Rochestes, New Yosk 17c) 

over by the strikers ; the affair was finally settled by a 

A sensation greater than usual was caused by a crime 
committed on the afternoon of October 15. Three young 
men, named Joseph Sharpe, Frank McMahon and Frank 
McLaughlin, went to the house of Mrs. Louisa French, on 
Scio street, and obtained admission on the plea that they 
were inspectors from the gas company. Once inside they 
attacked Mrs. French and her sister Mrs. Alice Gardiner, 
both elderly women, and beat them so savagely that they left 
them for dead, after which the marauders proceeded to rob 
the house of some three thousand dollars' worth of jewelry 
and clothing. McLaughlin was arrested in this city three 
days later ; the other two got out of town but they were 
traced to Michigan, so Director Hayden went out there and 
arrested Sharpe in a lumber camp ; McMahon was arrested 
in that state two months later and brought back by Sergeant 
McDonald. All were convicted and sent to Auburn, Sharpe 
for thirteen years, McMahon and McLaughlin for nine years 
each. For some months the jewels seemed to be hopelessly 
lost, but they finally turned up in the possession of Frank S. 
Wood, a traveling salesman, who had received them from 
George M. Williams, a criminal lawyer who had been the 
attorney for the robbers. Wood was sent to prison on an 
indeterminate sentence, and Williams, having disappeared, 
has been practically an outlaw ever since. 

In December the chiefs of police of the different cities 
formed a state organisation, of which Chief Cleary was chosen 
president and was re-elected a year later. Of the suicides of 
1 901, two may be mentioned, those of William Long, who, 
on July 26, took his own life after shooting his wife at 
the Sea Breeze, and of George Baker, a former street car 
conductor, who, on December 19, shot his wife, seriously 
wounding her, because she refused to live with him, and then 
killed himself, on Main street. At the beginning of the 
year William S. Fickett, an old-time detective, died at the 
soldiers' sanitarium at Fort Bayard, New Mexico. He was 
a native of Portland, Maine, and came to this city when a 
boy in 1835, the family driving the whole distance in a 

i So 

History of Police Department 

Photo by J. W: Taylor 


Rochester, New York 181 

sleigh. Having become a member of the old Light Guards 
he enlisted under Captain Caleb Wilder at the outbreak of 
the Mexican war and served till the close of hostilities. In 
1858 he was appointed on the old police force and was soon 
made a detective, holding that position till his voluntary 
retirement. He was a person of great inventive genius and 
took out many practical patents, though others profited by 
them rather than himself. It is interesting to note the 
continuity of military service in his family,- his grandfather 
having been in the Revolutionary war, his father in that of 
1812, he himself in the Mexican and his younger brother 
Frank in the Civil war. Cornelius R. Parsons died on the 
30th of January ; he was mayor for fourteen years, from 1876 
to 1890, and during all that time was president of the board 
of police commissioners. Thomas Dukelow, one of the oldest 
and most respected members of the force, died February 19, 
at the age of sixty years; he was appointed a policeman in 
1866 and was made a detective in 1892 ; he retired from the 
service some time ago, having been stricken with paralysis 
three years before his death. Officer William H. Bitner 
died February 21. Detective Sergeant Charles J. Muldoon 
died May 12. 

In 1902, on the 19th of January, Bela E. Brown, a 
respected citizen, was sitting in his jewelry shop on the 
second floor at the corner of State and Corinthian streets. 
It was Sunday afternoon, about five o'clock, and the door was 
undoubtedly locked, but some one managed to get in under 
some pretense, seize Mr. Brown, gag him effectually, drag him 
to the safe, set. him down in a chair before it and tell him to 
open the iron door. Such, at least, is the inference, and it is 
equally evident that Mr. Brown refused to comply with the 
order and that the robber then beat him to death with a 
jeweler's hammer taken from the workshop in the rear — doing 
that perhaps- in a frenzy of exasperation, perhaps as the only 
means of safety from subsequent exposure. That was the 
story told by the dead and mutilated body of the old jeweler, 
when it was found in the position described only two hours 
later, by a watchman who came to the shop. The entire 
detective force was put upon the case at once and everything 

History of Police Department 

Photo by J, W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York 183 

was done that skill and experience could suggest, but the 
murderer had enough of a start to get out of the city or to 
hide himself so effectually that he has not been caught, from 
that day to this. 

On the 1st of July Charles Van Zandt, a boy of fifteen, 
shot and killed George Krautwurst, another employee in the 
same pie bakery ; arrested for murder in the first degree and 
held for manslaughter but never indicted, the grand jury 
being satisfied that it was a case of self-defense. Two days 
later Fred Mclaughlin and Jack Calihan held up Frederick 
Taylor on Vincent place bridge and robbed him of seventy- 
five cents ; both were sent to Auburn for ten years ; Calihan 
had not been out of prison very long, having been sent there 
for ten years in 1890 for assaulting and robbing Martin Barron. 
On the night of August 19 George Hickey was stabbed to death, 
on Brooks avenue, by a miserable tramp known as " Toronto 
Slim ; " William Seeley, who had witnessed the commission 
of the act, was arrested and kept in jail for some time but 
afterward discharged ; finally the police got hold of Joseph 
(known as " Shorty ") McCabe, who was supposed to be 
implicated in the affair ; he had run off to Europe but while 
there had changed his mind and, according to his own story, 
traveled four thousand miles to give himself up ; having 
returned to this country, he was arrested at Utica and brought 
to this city, where he is held on the charge of helping the 
murderer to escape. 

Then came the Ethel Dingle tragedy. Eeland Dorr 
Kent, a Buffalo medical student, came to Rochester in 
company with Miss Dingle, a professional nurse, on the 14th 
of September, and took a room at the Whitcomb House, 
registering as " L. B. Kent and wife." The next morning 
groans were heard issuing from the room occupied by the 
couple, and, on the door being forced open, the girl was 
found dead on the bed, while Kent lay beside the corpse, 
with a slight cut in the neck, from which he recovered 
at the hospital a few days later. Later he was indicted for 
manslaughter in the first degree, on four counts, charging 
him generally with aiding, abetting and assisting Miss Dingle 
to commit suicide. On the trial of his case he was convicted 

i &l 

History of Police Department 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 


Rochester, New York 185 

and sentenced to hard labor in Auburn prison for a period of 
twenty years. On September 26 Judson M. Risley, convinced 
of his wife's infidelity, shot and killed her, and then himself, 
at their home on King street. Late in October Myrtle 
Bradley, fifteen years old, was enticed or abducted from her 
home on Broadway and taken to the rooms of Mrs. Dora 
Earl on the corner of Clinton and Monroe avenues, where 
she was harbored, if not forcibly detained, for evil purposes ; 
the woman was convicted and given a sentence of not less 
than a year and a half at Auburn. 

During the autumn a band of Gypsies was encamped at 
the driving park. A number of idle and mischievous youths, 
living in the neighborhood, had been in the habit of annoying 
and molesting the strangers for some time, and on the night 
of November 10 they made a concerted attack on the camp, 
bombarding it with stones and firing revolvers into the tents. 
Stephen Ivanovitch (or Steve Adam) one of the Gypsies, 
returned the fusillade in the darkness with a shot from a rifle, 
killing one of the mob named Raymond Banks, aged eighteen. 
Stephen was arrested but was exonerated by the coroner and 
discharged by Police Justice Chadsey, it being considered 
that the act was done in self-defense. The last homicide that 
we have to record took place in the bright sunlight of the 
morning of November 18, when Lulu Miller Youngs, aged 
twenty-eight, the wife of Frank E. Youngs, killed Florence 
McFarlane, aged twenty-two. Brooding over the belief that 
her husband had transferred his affections to Miss McFarlane 
and maddened by jealousy, she went to the boarding-house of 
the latter, on Court street, and after a short struggle, in which 
the victim sought to escape, a long, sharp blade was thrust 
into the girl's bosom, and death soon followed. Mrs. Youngs 
was arrested within an hour, was afterward indicted by the 
grand jury for murder in the first degree and was arraigned 
on the 17th of February, when she pleaded not guilty. 

Few who were adults at the time will forget the coal 
famine in the closing months of this year, as the result of the 
prolonged strike in the anthracite fields ; when at last the 
black fuel was released, the supply was so inadequate to the 
demand that for some time the police had to guard the coal 

1 8o 

History of Police Department 

cars as they stood on the trestles, to prevent wholesale pilfer- 
ing, and in the early morning hours before the dawn officers 
were stationed at the yards of the coal roads to regulate the 
loading of the waiting wagons ; on at least one Sunday, that 

Photo by J. W. Taylor 


of December 14, the unusual sight was witnessed of many 
teams of the dealers struggling through the deep snow on 
what was a genuine errand of mercy, to deliver the much- 
needed commodity. In November Pickart's hardware store 

Rochester, New York 187 

was burglarised, a great quantity of cutlery being taken, 
much of which was afterward recovered, and on the very last 
day of the year the shop of J. C. Sage, in the same line, was 
robbed, the interesting point in the latter case being the fact 
that it was the third time within two years that the place had 
been entered. The reports of the two coroners, Kleindienst 
and Killip, run from November 1, 1901, to the same date in 
1902, so that the exact number of suicides for the latter year 
cannot be given, but the whole number in the county during 
the term mentioned was forty-two, shooting being the method 
employed in thirteen of the cases. No deaths occurred among 
the active members of the force during 1902. John C. 
McQuatters died October 25, at the age of sixty-one ; he 
had been appointed in September, 1870, and had served until 
two years ago, when he retired on account of ill health. 
Patrick J. Cummings, police sergeant of the fourth precinct, 
died January 10, 1903 ; he became a member of the department 
in 1 88 1 and was made a sergeant nearly three years ago ; a 
faithful officer, both on the police force and in the army, 
where he served during the Civil war. 

Commissioner Gilman, in his annual report, gives some 
interesting statistics showing the work performed by the 
police during the past year and the efficiency that was 
generally displayed. The territory that had to be covered 
embraced over eleven thousand acres, some eighteen and one- 
third square miles, with more than three hundred miles of 
streets. There were 5,117 arrests made, as against 2,480 for 
the previous year, nearly one-half of them being in the first, 
or down-town, precinct ; there were nearly three thousand 
runs by patrol wagons ; the estimated value of lost or stolen 
property recovered by uniformed officers was$io,i50, recovered 
by the detective bureau $18,451.45 — all that apart from the 
number of bicycles found or recovered, which was four 
hundred and fifty-four, with a value of $9,080, considerably 
more than half, in number and value, of those reported as 
lost or stolen; over twenty-five thousand special services that 
did not concern crime, as in the case of lost children, still 
alarms, etc., were performed by the police during that term. 
The cost of running the department was a trifle over two 

History of Police Department 

hundred thousand dollars. Police Justice Chadsey's report 
shows that the amount of fines collected and used for the 
support of his court was $4,294.65, considerably more than 
his four thousand dollars of salary. The report of District- 
Attorney Warren shows that, out of one hundred and 
ninety-six cases in his hands, ninety-five convictions were 

Photo, by J. W. Taylor 

Operators of the Bureau of Powce Telegraph-System 


The Present Day 

The Departmental Staff — The Civil Service Require- 
ments — The Pension Fund — The Police Benevo- 
lent Association — The Police Telegraph System 
— The Bertillon System of Measurement — The 
Card System — Records at Headquarters — The 
Police Bulletin— The Book of Rules 

This record closes on the ist of May, 1903. George A. 
Gilman is the commissioner of Public Safety, and his 
departmental staff consists of C. Alonzo Simmons, chief 
clerk ; J. W. Hertel, bookkeeper ; Cora M. Emeus, 
stenographer ; John A. Stapleton, department surgeon. The 
police force numbers one hundred and ninety-three, the 
names of the members being found elsewhere. 

As has been indicated in the preceding pages, the police 
department is now under the civil service rules, and all 
applicants for appointment, except for the position of matron, 
must have the following special qualifications, viz., they must 
be citizens of the United States and have been residents of 
Rochester at least two years prior to the date of their 
application ; they must be not less than twenty-one and not 
more than thirty years of age ; they must be not less than 
five feet nine inches in height and their weight and chest 
measurements must conform to their height ; they must, 
before being admitted to examination, be certified by the 
surgeon of the department as free from any physical defect, 
and they must not have been engaged or interested in the 
sale of, or traffic in, intoxicating liquors within three years 
next prior to their application. 

There is a police pension fund, which is in the custody 
of the comptroller of the city. This fund is raised by an 


History of Police Department 

assessment of two per cent, on the salaries of the members of 
the police force, besides which the city gives three thousand 
dollars a year and to that are added all fines on officers and 
various licenses. The amount thus obtained is scarcely 
sufficient for the purpose, as there are nearly thirty persons 
now on the pension roll — consisting of some retired officers 
and the widows of others — whose annual stipends derived 

Police Patrol Wagons 

from this source range from two hundred and fifty to six 
hundred dollars, so that over ten thousand dollars is paid out 
every year in this way. 

Of a similar nature, though wholly disconnected with 
this, is the Rochester Police Benevolent association, which 
was organised in 1875 by members of the department, with 
Chief McLean as president and Captain P. H. Sullivan as 
secretary and treasurer. It is really for the purpose of life 
insurance, the beneficiary being the widow or next of kin to 
a deceased member, to whom is paid the amount realised from 

Rochester, New York igi 

an assessment of three dollars on each member, payable 
within thirty days after notice of the death of an associate. 
Since the organisation of the association sixty-one members 
have died and the total amount thus disbursed is about 
twenty-six thousand dollars, six hundred and nine dollars 
being the largest sum paid at any one time. The present 
membership is one hundred and eighty-nine. Chief McLean 
remained in the presidency till his retirement from the 
department, Chief Cleary, who now holds the position, being 
his successor. Captain Sullivan was the secretary and 
treasurer until his death, Captain William Keith succeeded 
him, and, when he died, Captain John E. McDermott was 
elected to the position, which he now holds. 

An important adjunct to the department is the police 
telegraph system. This was established in 1886, Rochester 
being the first city in the state to adopt it. It started with 
thirty stations on the streets, others being added from time to 
time, so that now there are fifty-six police telegraph stations. 
For several years everything was above ground, but now 
there are fifteen miles of subterranean lead-covered cable, in 
addition to seventy-eight miles of aerial copper wire. The 
office also operates a duplicate telephone system, consisting 
of two separate telephone switchboards in direct connection 
with fire headquarters and all the companies of that depart- 
ment, as well as three trunk lines on each switchboard 
connecting with the exchanges of the Rochester and Bell 
telephone companies. Over two years ago a central energy 
telephone was established on all of the police telegraph 
circuits, which is in successful operation; it dispenses with 
the individual batteries in the patrol boxes and the 
maintenance of additional circuits for those boxes, making a 
much more reliable service than formerly, with direct 
telephone communication from each of the boxes on the 
streets with police headquarters, the precinct stations and the 
fire department. So far as known, Rochester was the first 
city in the United States to have this central energy telephone 
feature, which was invented by Superintendent Miller, 
successfully applied to the police telegraph system. The 
calls of all kinds run through every hour of the day and 


History of Police Department 

City Hau, 

Rochester, New York 193 

night, and some idea of the work performed may be gained 
from the fact that during the past year the calls averaged 
over one thousand for every twenty-four hours. It may be 
mentioned that the ambulance service is no longer in charge 
of the police and has not been so since 1896, when the city 
ambulance was turned over to the City hospital and shortly 
afterward the other hospitals obtained their own vehicles. 
But one thing should be borne in mind by the reader, that, 
in case of an accident, the by-stander should, instead of 
calling up some particular hospital, ring up number 
thirty-four and state where the injured person then is, 
whereupon the operator at police headquarters will 
immediately telephone for the right ambulance (the city 
being divided into sections for that purpose) and the party 
will be taken at once to the desired hospital. The police 
telegraph system cost twelve thousand dollars at the outset, 
since when there has been expended some thirty thousand 
dollars, including two patrol wagons and six horses, with 
twenty-five hundred paid for a new switchboard eight years 
ago. The superintendent is Louis W. Miller, who went into 
the office when Charles R. Barnes took charge of it in 1886 ; 
he was made electrician in 1893 and promoted to his present 
position on the retirement of Mr. Barnes in 1898. Under 
him are four operators — Henry W. Martin, Joseph B. Smith, 
Thomas Swanton and William H. Karnes. 

The commissioner of Public Safety has recently installed 
the Bertillon system of measurements for criminals. This 
has been used successfully in most of the large cities of the 
United States and Europe and has been accepted generally 
by police authorities as the only accurate method of making 
criminal records. It is a remarkable step in the development 
of a new form of applied science, which has for its object the 
description of a human being in a manner so complete and 
certain that he can by no possibility be permanently confused 
with any other. Such a description is called "signalment," 
the process of making it is "signalising," and the art of 
measurement is " signaletic." The system is so little under- 
stood that a word in regard to it may not be out of place. The 
inventor is Dr. Alphonse Bertillon, a prominent anthropologist 


1 94 History of Police Department 

who in 1882 was made chief of the identification bureau 
established in connection with the prefecture of police in 
Paris. Since that time his system has become universally 
recognised. It is divided into three parts — the " anthropo- 
metrical signalment," which measures the characteristic 
dimensions of the bony structure of the body ; a " descriptive 
signalment," which is the observation of bodily shape and 
movements, and a signalment by " peculiar marks." The 
use of the Bertillon system rests upon three established facts 
— first : the almost absolute immutability of the human frame 
after the twentieth year of age ; second, the extreme diversity 
whicli the human skeleton presents when compared with 
different subjects ; third, the ease with which certain 
dimensions of the skeleton may be measured. The system 
is feared by the criminal classes. The Bertillon instruments 
purchased by this department include all the most recent 
improvements, and it is expected that henceforth a complete 
record will be made of criminals as arrested, which will 
include measurements and photographs. 

During the past year there has been installed at the 
police headquarters a card system for recording the work of 
the department. Cards of three colors are used. Whenever 
an arrest is made in any of the police precincts a record is 
made on an " arrest card " showing, first, the officer who made 
the arrest, the person arrested and the offense committed. A 
duplicate record is made upon an " offenders' card " which 
shows, first, the name of the person arrested, with the officer 
making the arrest, the offense and the disposition of the case 
in court. These two cards thus index the same arrest and 
corroborate each other. Whenever services are performed 
by the department other than arrests, a record is made upon 
a card entitled "miscellaneous reports." All cards are daily 
collected at police headquarters, precinct number one, and 
there properly indexed, a complete duplicate set being sent 
to the commissioner. In connection with the card system- 
each precinct keeps a record of its work, which is entered 
monthly from the cards upon a printed table furnished by the. 
chief of police. This system enables the chief to ascertain 
at any time the exact record of the work of the department 

Rochester, New York 195 

as a whole or of any particular officer as to arrests or as to 
the record of any person charged with crime. 

In addition to the card system, the following records are 
kept at police headquarters, viz., first, a " warrant book," in 
which is recorded the name and address of all defendants 
arrested upon warrants, together with the charge, the officer 
to whom the warrant was delivered, its date, when returned 
or withdrawn, the name and address of the complainant and 
remarks ; second, a " bicycle book," giving the date, time, 
name of owner, and full particulars of all lost or stolen 
bicycles ; third, a " police record book," which is transcribed 
from a book kept by the turnkey and showing the time, place 
of arrest, name of complainant and name of every person 
brought to police headquarters, with the disposition of the 
case ; fourth, a " pedigree book," giving the names of all 
persons arrested for crime within the city of Rochester, with 
the occupation and nativity of the person arrested and a 
record of the disposition £>f the case. In addition to these 
permanent records, the captain of precinct number one has on 
file a complete record of noted criminals wanted, as published 
in The Detective from 1896 to date. The department also 
issues daily a so-called police bulletin which is distributed 
to every member of the department and includes a printed 
record of all crimes committed within the city of Rochester 
during the preceding twenty-four hours, together with requests 
received from other cities for the apprehension of criminals. 
This police bulletin keeps the members of the department 
thoroughly informed as to crimes and criminals. 

The whole system of police records described above has 
been introduced under the administration of Mayor Rodenbeck 
and Commissioner Gilman. In January, 1903, new rules 
governing the police department were published. These 
rules were revised, under authority of the commissioner, by 
Edward R. Foreman, secretary to Mayor Rodenbeck. The 
book of rules immediately preceding this was issued in 1899, 
the one before that in 1887. One thing more may be 
noted. Up to the summer of 1902 the detectives held 
office by a definite tenure and could not be removed except 
for cause, but the Common Council in May, 1902, passed 

History of Police Department 

an ordinance by which this was so changed as to give 
the commissioner power to assign from time to time such 
members of the department to detective duty as he might 
deem best and also to employ as detectives persons outside 
the department. This enlargement of authority, with the 
hope of promotion that it holds out, serves to stimulate the 
whole department to constant activity in the discharge of its- 


The Civil List 

It is thought well to close this history with what may 
be called a civil list of the department — that is, a complete 
list of those officials who, from the beginning of things, had 
control over the police or who from their position were 
brought into direct connection with them. So we will start 
with the 

Trustees of the Village 

Francis Brown, 1817-19; Daniel Mack, 1817-19; Everard 
Peck, 1817-19; William Cobb, 1817 and 1820 ; Jehiel Barnard, 
1817; Isaac Colvin, 1818-19; Ira West, 1-818-19 ; Matthew 
Brown, jr., 1820-23, 1825-26 and 1831 ; Moses Chapin, 1820- 
21; Charles J. Hill, 1820-22; Elisha Taylor, 1820-21; 
Warham Whitney, 1821-22 and 1824; Hastings R. Bender, 
1822 ; S. Melancton Smith, 1822-23 i Jacob Graves, 1823 ; 
William P. Sherman, 1823 > Abner Wakelee, 1823 ; John W. 
Strong, 1824; Anson Coleman, 1824; Jonathan Packard, 
1824; Ashbel W. Riley, 1824 ; Phelps Smith, 1825 ; Frederick 
Starr, 1825 ; William Rathbun, 1825 and 1832 ; Gilbert 
Everingham, 1825 ; William Brewster, 1826 ; Vincent 
Mathews, 1826 ; John Mastick, 1826 ; Giles Boulton, 1826 ; 
Frederick Whittlesey, 1827 ! Ezra M. Parsons, 1827-28 ; 
Jonathan Child, 1827 and 1830; Elisha Johnson, 1827-29; 
A. V. T. Eeavitt, 1827 5 Ebenezer Ely, 1828 ; Ephraim Moore, 
1828 ; Nathaniel Rossiter, 1828 and 1831 ; John Haywood, 
1829; SidneyS. Alcott, 1829; Robert L,. McCollum, 1829; 
William H. Ward, 1829 ; William Pease, 1830 ; Joseph 
Medbery, 1830; Adonijah Green, 1830; Harmon Bissell, 
1830; Rufus Meech, 1831 ; Jacob Thorn, 1831-32; Harvey 
Humphrey, 1831 ; Samuel L,. Selden, 1832 ; Daniel Tinker, 
1832 ; Orrin E. Gibbs, 1832 ; William E. Eathrop, 1833 i 
Fletcher M. Haight, 1833 ; Elihu F. Marshall, 1833 ! 
Nathaniel Draper, 1833. 

198 History of Police Department 

Mayors of the City 
Jonathan Child, 1834 ; Jacob Gould, 1835-36 ; Abraham 
M. Schermerhorn, 1837 (resigned) ; Thomas Kempshall, 1837 ; 
Elisha Johnson, 1838; Thomas H. Rochester, 1839; Samuel 
G. Andrews, 1840 and 1856; Elijah P. Smith, 1841 ; Charles 
J. Hill, 1842; Isaac Hills, 1843; J * 111 Allen, 1844; William 
Pitkin, 1845-46 ; John B. Elwood, 1847 ; Joseph Field, 1848 ; 
Levi A. Ward, 1849; Samuel Richardson, 1850; Nicholas E. 
Paine, 1851 ; Hamlin Stilwell, i852;-John Williams, 1853; 
Maltby Strong, 1854; Charles J. Hayden, 1855-; Rufus 
Keeler, 1857 ; Charles H. Clark, 1858 ; Samuel W. D. Moore, 
1859 and 1866; Hamlet D. Scrantom, i860; John C. Nash, 

1861 ; Michael Filon, 1862 ; Nehemiah C. Bradstreet, 1863; 
James Brackett, 1864 ; Daniel D. T. Moore, 1865 ; Henry L. 
Fish, 1867-68 ; Edward M. Smith, 1869 ; John Lutes, 1870 ; 
Charles W. Briggs, 1871 ; A. Carter Wilder, 1872-73 ; George 
G. Clarkson, 1874-75 > Cornelius R. Parsons, 1876-89 ; 
William Carroll, 1890-91 ; Richard Curran, 1892-93 ; George 
W. Aldridge, 1894 ; Merton E. Lewis, 1895 ; George E. 
Warner, 1896-99 ; George A. Carnahan, 1900-1901 ; Adolph 
J. Rodenbeck, 1902 . 

Captains of the Watch 
Newton Rose, 1834 ; Francis Dana, jr., 1835 and 1837 ; 
Benjamin F. Hall, 1836 and 1838 ; John Dart, 1839 ; Rodney 
Lyman, 1840; Edwin Avery, 1841 ; Amba H. Welch, 1842 ; 
Elisha W. Bryan, 1843 ! George Bradshaw, 1844 ar >d 1853 ; 
Alexander Richardson, 1845 ! William H. Moore, 1846 and 
1847 ; Palmer B. Wilder, 1848 ; James Murray, 1849 ; William 
A. Green, 1850 ; Leonard M. Barton, 1851 ; Michael Hyland, 

Chiefs of Police 

Addy W. Van Slyck, 1853 ; George I. Marsh, 1854 ; 
Samuel M. Sherman, 1855 ! Elisha J. Keeney, 1856 and 1859 ! 
W. D. Oviatt, 1857 ; Seth Simmons, 1858 ; Matthew G. 
Warner, i860 ; William Charles, 1861 ; William Mudgett, 

1862 and 1863 ; Robert R. Harris, 1864 ; Samuel M. Sherman, 
1865 to 1873 ; Alexander McLean, 1873 to ^85 ; Joseph P. 
Cleary, 1885 to . 

Rochester, New York 

Police Captains 
Patrick H. Sullivan, 1871-82 ; Joseph P. Cleary, 1883-84 
Charles E. McCormick, .1885-92 ; William Keith, 1885-94 

John E. McDermott, 1893 ; John C. Hayden, 1900 

John A. Baird, 1901 ; Benedict C. Furtherer, 1901 

Herman Russ, 1901 ; Michael J. Zimmerman, 1901 . 

Police Commissioners 
The following are the names of the members of the old 
board of police commissioners, with the exception of the 
mayors, who were, ex officio, members and presidents of the 
board : Henry S. Hebard, 1865-73 ; Jacob Howe, sr., 1865- 
67 ; George G. Cooper, 1867-77 i Frederick Zimmer, 1873- 
1884 ; Henry C. Daniels, 1877-80; Jacob Howe, jr., 1880-84; 
James D. Casey, 1884-99; Joseph W.Rosenthal, 1884-88; 
Jacob A. Hoekstra, 1888-96 ; Charles C. Chapin, 1896-99. 

Commissioners of Public Safety 
James G. Cutler, 1900 ; James D. Casey, 1900-01 ; 
George A. Gilman, 1902 . 

Police Justices 
Sidney Smith, 1834-36 ; Ariel Wentworth, 1836-40 and 
1844-48: Matthew G.Warner, 1840-44; S. W. D. Moore, 
1848-56; Butler Bardwell, 1856-60; John Wegman, 1860- 
65 ; Elisha W. Bryan, 1865-73 i Albert G. Wheeler, 1873-77 
and 1881-85 ; George Truesdale, 1877-81 ; Bartholomew 
Keeler, 1885-93 ; Charles B. Ernst, 1 893-1 901 ; John H. 

Chadsey, 1902 . 

Police Clerks 

B. Frank Enos, 1871-98; Richard Curran, 1 899-1 900 ; 
William F. Durnan, 1901 ; Charles B. Bechtold, 1902 . 

Members of the Force 

Mention has been made in the preceding pages of every 
man connected with the department prior to the reorganisation. 
The following is a list of the force for that year : 

1865. — Samuel M. Sherman, Alexander McLean, Monroe 
A. Green, Peter Hughes, Jonathan Dresser, Lyman Johnson, 
Alvah Rice, John H. Dana, William White, Ulrich Schmoker, 
Frank McNally, James Sullivan, John Demorest, John Stott, 

History of Police Department 

Alex. J. Coombs, Thomas Callister, Charles E. McCormick, 
William Brown, Thomas F. Hurley, James McKelvey, Ernest 
Kettwig, John Barry, Thomas Lynch, Francis B. Allen, Frank 
Plass, Andrew Wegman, Seymour Cooley, Richard Tanner, 
Christian Spies, Addy Van Slyck, Peter Yost, John J. Garrett, 
Otis R. Potter, Michael Flynn, Henry D. Shove, Bartholomew 
Crowley, Patrick C. Kavanagh, William F. Lush, Harry B. 
Dutton, James K. Foster, Warren H. Noyes, E. W. McBurney, 
Michael Tierney, W. Jerome Rogers, Joseph S. Roworth, 
William Rogers, William Cribben, Fred O. Carter, Philip 
Schaad, Wallace R. McArthur, Thomas A. Burchill, Albert H. 
Franklin, Lewis P. Angevine, Michael Hyland, Ferry 
Marzluff, John Ragan, Charles N. Maurer, Edwin Van Vorst, 
Patrick H. Sullivan, Joseph J. Neil, Hamilton McQuatters. 

From this time on, the list will be given every five or 
six years. 

1870. — Sherman, McLean, Green, Dresser, Johnson, 
White, James Sullivan, McCormick, Lynch, Allen, Crowley, 
Kavanagh, Hyland, Lush, W. Jerome Rogers, William Rogers, 
Roworth, McArthur, Burchill, McBurney, Barry, Ragan, 
Franklin, Marzluff, Van Vorst, P. H. Sullivan, Hurley, 
McKelvey, Foster, Hughes, Garrett, Shove and Dana — who 
■were on the force in 1865 — Thomas Dukelow, Henry Baker, 
Charles J. Green, John C. Heckel, David Monaghan, 
Hugh Clark, John C. McQuatters, Frank J. Goodwin, Peter 
Lauer, jr., Clark D. McKibben, Joseph P. Cleary, 
George M. Lathrop, George E. Bingham, George W. Lord, 
William S. Fickett, Leverett B. McKibben, Isaac Spiers, 
Samuel Brown, Caleb Pierce, Patrick O'Neil, Jeremiah 
Twaig, Frank Bemis, M. A. Beeman, Joseph Gommenginger, 
Olden Oliver, Ralph Bendon, Jacob Frank, James A. Murray, 
Andrew Conolly, Robert Burns, Thomas E. Crouch, Michael 
Wolf, Bernard Horcheller, Jacob Harter and Frank J. Shaffer. 

1875. — The roster for this year contains the names given 
above — with the exception of those who for various reasons 
were no longer connected with the force — and also the 
following : John C. Hayden, J. Doyle, Benedict C. Furtherer, 
A. Cole, William Keith, J. H. Wordell, Joseph St. Helen, 
J. Mitchell, Patrick Hoctor, Louis Gommenginger, Patrick 
Canfield, R. McKee, C. F. Fowler, Hugh Johnson, M. Brady, 
R. Stalker, W. H. DeWitt, John Wangmau, A. Morrison, 
Nicholas J. Loos, W. Miller, F. Griebel, R. Sloan, P. Bohrer, 
J. Dean, J. M. Reis, S. Schwartz, William Hartman, William 
Daningburg, J. A. Johnson, E. McDonough, De F. Chase, 
Joseph Sayler, J. Cokely, janitor, and B. Frank Enos, clerk. 


Five years later the following had been added : 
1880. — William Burgess, Michael Cain, John B. Davis, 
Frank D. Fay, James P. Flynn, Daniel Golding, Henry 
Graven, Michael Hynes, Charles Hart, Patrick Holloran, 
George Heffner, Peter Hess, Louis Jesserer, Frederick Kipphut, 
W. J. Laragy, Joseph Legler, John Leipold, Louis Nold, 
William P. O'Neil, Charles W. Peart, Charles Seifferd, Francis 
Skuse, Frank Valine, William White, Oliver T. Youle. 

Here is the full list for the semi-centennial year : 
1884. — Chief, Alexander McLean ; captains, Joseph P. 
Cleary and William Keith ; lieutenants, Ben. C. Furtherer, 
Nicholas J. Loos, John B. Davis and John A. Baird ; detectives, 
Ferry Marzhuff, Samuel Brown, Thomas Lynch, Peter 
Lauer, jr., P. C. Kavanagh, T. A. Burchill, Henry Baker, 
C. McCormick, J. S. Roworth and John C. Hayden ; police- 
men, J. H. Dana, W. H. White, E. Van Vorst, Thomas 
Dukelow, J. C. McQuatters, Frederick Griebel, J. M. Reis, 
F. B. Allen, M. Hyland, W. R. McArthur, Hugh Clark, Jacob 
Frank, John Wangman, John Monaghan, George Hoffner, 
Charles Siefferd, F. S. Skuse, George Long, Joseph Baker, 
Daniel Golding, Hugh Johnson, Michael Cain, Olden Oliver, 
Ralph Bendon, Andrew Conolly, Robert Burns, Jacob Harter, 
W. P. O'Neil, John Mitchell, E. McDonough, Joseph St. 
Helens, William McKelvey, Michael Brady, C. E. Fowler, 
Robert Sloan, John Dean, Samuel L. Schwartz, J. A. Johnson, 
William Burgess, J. P. Flynn, C. W. Peart, Charles Hart, 
William Laragy, Michael Hynes, H. D. Shove, Louis Nold, 
Peter Hess, O. A. Youle, Fred. Kipphut, Hiram Rogers, J. E. 
McDermott, P. J. Cummings, B. L. Stetson, Patrick Canfield, 
Patrick Culligan, J. P. Dowd, William Murray, Michael 
Englert, John Sullivan, Dennis Hogan, J. E. Ryan, John 
Yawman, Michael Zimmerman, G. H. Krohn, George Liese, 
Henry Baker, jr., Michael Fitzpatrick, William Hillard, 
Frederick Walter, Edward O'Loughlin, George Bletzer, George 
Mohr, J. A. Wallace, George Kleisley, Thomas Crouch, E. J. 

Six years later, while many had dropped out, many 
others had been added, as follows, the total number on the 
force being one hundred and twenty-one : 

1890. — Charles C. Alt, John W. Banker, John Bletzer, 
Julian A. Brown, James B. Cady, John F. Cahill, Theodore 
H. Cazeau, Job W. Chatfield, Richard S. Congar, John 
Connaughton, John Coughlin, James J. Devereaux, John M. 
Durkin, James Eagan, George W. Finkle, Thomas Foley, 

History of Police Department 

Albert Gerber, Victor Hohmann, James Keenan, Ferd. A. 
Klubertanz, Julius T. Luscher, Frank J. Lynch, Albert B. 
Marble, Henry F. McAlester, William J. McBride, John P. 
McDonald, William A. Metzger, John E. Moran, Andrew j. 
Moynihan, William S. Mullane, William E. O'Brien, Thomas 
F. O'Connor, Jeremiah O'Grady, Thomas Ragan, Joseph A. 
Rendsland, John Schire, Frederick Scholl, Carl L. Shepard, 
Sharon L- Sherman, William H. Smith, Martin P. Snyder, 
Thomas Wadick, Charles N. Weber, John A. Weber, jr., 
Philip G. Yawman. 

1895. — The following had been added up to and in this 
year, making the number one hundred and sixty-six : John B. 
Allen, Philip Amlinger, Samuel C. Baldwin, William H. 
Bauer, Fred V. Beachel, Christopher Bowers, Duncan Brodie, 
Frank W. Campbell, John Carroll, William H. Christie, 
Joseph F. Claesgens, Thomas Condon, Patrick Conheady, 
Martin T. Cook, Roger Courneen, Fred. J. Decker, Felix S. 
Dorey, James B. Doyle, Stephen Drexelius, Thomas F. Drury, 
Henry Ehrinentraut, George A. Fox, Albert J. Hahn, Nicholas 
Heffner, William H. Heinlein, John Hetzler, Patrick Hurley, 
Daniel D. Ingalls, Henry A. Ireland, John Kane, William B. 
Kinnear, Jacob H. Klein, Robert J. Klein, John E. Lane, 
Daniel J. Leary, Willis R. Lee, Adolph Legler, jr., Charles G. 
Lemmel, Abram M. Louret, John J. Lynch, James H. Martin, 
D. K. McCarthy, Daniel McCulloch, William McDonald, 
Armand J. McGuire, William F. McGuire, George W. McKel- 
vey, Edward P. Messmer, Frank E. Mehle, Erastus H. Miller, 
Frank B. Moore, William C. Muir, Louis C. Muncie, Lawrence 
Murray, John W. Nagle, Frank V. Natt, William O'Connor, 
John S. Pearson, Edward J. Pfitsch, William I. Quinlan, 
Herman Russ, Joseph G. Schmucker, John M. Sellinger, John 
W. Shayne, Thomas Sheehan, John H. Sherwood, Henry F. 
Spahn, William A. Stein, Jeremiah Sullivan, Patrick J. 
Sullivan, John A. Tindell, John Touhey, Casper W. Vaughn, 
George C. Wilcox, Robert Williamson, Walter H. Winnie. 

1900. — In the closing year of the century there were 
one hundred and ninety members of the force, the following 
names appearing that were not in the previous list : 

George G. Alt, Alexander Ashley, Walter G. Barnett, 
James B. Bennett, William Bittner, Edward T. Burke, John 
Burns, John E. Butler, Patrick Collins, Martin R. Cullen, 
William H. Dutcher, William G. England, John T. Farrell, 
Charles H. Foster, William Geib, Charles M. Goodyear, 
Henry C. Greve, Frank V. Hackett, Joseph M. Heintz, Ignace 

Rochester, New York 203 

Hetzler, William J. Hoye, Otto F. Isler, R. D. Kellogg, jr., 
John Kenealy, Edward Kirby, Matthew J. Lally, Thomas J. 
McKeon, John H. McMahon, Francis E. Morgan, William 
Morriee, Michael Mulcahey, Jeremiah J. Mulryan, Walter J. 
Phalen, William F. Popp, Charles E. Post, Henry F. Prien, 
Martin J. Reichenberger, William L. Sander, Maurice W. 
Scanlan, William J. Scanlan, Gregory Schmidt, Daniel 
Schout, jr., Frederick J. Schultz, Frank Siener, Archibald H. 
Sharpe, William C. Spillings, Eugene B. Sullivan, George D. 
Sullivan, John B. Toomey, John D. Trant, Charles E. 
Twitchell, Paul Wadington, William H. Whaley, Robert J. 
White, William B. Wiedenmann, Joseph P. Witaschek. 

A full list of the officers and members of the force, with 
all employees of the department, on the 1st of May, would 
be given in this place, but it was thought desirable to attach 
thereto some biographical statement of each one, so the names 
will be found in another portion of this volume. 

With this the work of the present writer comes to a close, 
and the history of the police department of the city of 
Rochester is finished. Whatever shortcomings the reader 
may note, he will, it is hoped, yield the recognition of 
painstaking research and of conscientious labor, in which no 
effort has been spared to verify every statement made. It 
may be observed, also, that there is an entire absence of the 
fulsome and perfunctory laudation of living persons so 
common in works of this character, for the writer holds it to 
be better that whatever praise is deserved should be found in 
the acts recorded, rather than in the commendation of the 


Before giving the sketches of the members of the police 
force it will, perhaps, be as well to present the following 
brief statements regarding what may be called the 
administrative force of the department : 

Mayor Rodenbeck 

Adolph J. Rodenbeck was born in Rochester and has 
always lived here. His parents were German. His father 
died when Mr. Rodenbeck was nine years of age. He 
attended the German Real Schule and the public schools of 
the city. He was graduated from the Free Academy in 1881 
and from the University of Rochester in 1885. He studied 
law in Rochester and in New York city, was admitted to 
practice in 1887 in the city of Brooklyn and has practised 
law in Rochester since 1888. 

He was appointed second assistant city attorney in 1891, 
and in the following year first assistant. In 1894 he was 
chosen corporation counsel of the city and served in that 
capacity until 1898. When he retired from this office the 
press stated : " Mr. Rodenbeck has earned the thanks of the 
people. It seems to be the impression that no one has 
discharged the duties of the office with greater ability, and in 
addition to ability he has shown unusual devotion to official 
duty and has been popular with all who have had business 
relations with him." 

Mr. Rodenbeck was elected to the Assembly in 1898 as 
a representative of the second Assembly district of the county 
of Monroe, by a majority of 1,639. ^ n J 899 he was re-elected 
to the Assembly by the increased majority of 2,125. In 1900 
he was again elected to the Assembly. This time he had no 
opponent on the Democratic ticket. His majority was 6,337. 
During this year Mr. Rodenbeck performed his crowning 
service for the public in connection with the revision of the 

2o6 History of Police Department 

laws of the state. As chairman of the joint committee of the 
Senate and Assembly he caused to be made and reported to 
the legislature a page-to-page examination of every law ever 
passed in this state, over fifty thousand in all. He suggested 
feasible plans for completely revising all these laws, including 
a revision of the practice code. This revision was distinctly 
in the interests of the people. If carried into effect it would 
avoid the immense expense of litigation growing out of the 
confused condition of our laws. His report was submitted to 
the legislature of 1901 and the plans therein submitted have 
been approved by the Bar association of the state and by the 
bench and bar generally. In 1901 the chair of pleading and 
practice at Cornell university was tentatively offered to Mr. 
Rodenbeck. This high honor he declined. 

In the fall of 1901 Mr. Rodenbeck was nominated by the 
Republican party for the office of mayor and was elected. He 
took office January 1, 1902. As mayor he has been a faithful 
public servant. Born a man of the people, his sympathies 
are theirs. He has given the city an economical, honest 
and business-like administration. The affairs of the police 
department have received his special attention. He personally 
directed the revision of the police rules, the separation of the 
detectives from the uniformed men, the installation of the 
modern police records, the Bertillon system and the recent 
general police reorganisation. In his first annual address to 
the members of the department he urged all officers to " carry 
the message to Garcia," and the present esprit de corps of 
the department shows the result of Mayor Rodenbeck's 

Mr. Rodenbeck is a member of many organisations, such 
as the Genesee Falls lodge, F. & A. M., the Aurora lodge of 
Odd Fellows, the D. K. E. fraternity, the Maeunerchor and 
German-American societies and the Rochester and State bar 

Commissioner Gilman 

Commissioner of Public Safety George A. Gilman comes 
of old Yankee stock, his ancestors on the paternal side 
arriving in New England in 1638 and on the maternal side 

Rochester, New York 207 

in 1656. Perhaps this fact explains his success in business 
and as an administrative officer. George A. Gilman was born 
in Westboro, Massachusetts, September 16, 1847. Bereft of 
his father at ten years of age, Mr. Gilman has always made 
his own way. He was married at Boston, February 1, 1875, 
and moved in 1880 to Rochester, where he has since resided. 
For nearly twenty years after 1876 Mr. Gilman engaged in 
the railroad business. He was first in the employ of the 
Chicago & Northwestern railway. Later he came to Rochester 
as car accountant of the Blue line, to which the Canadian 
Southern line was added in 1886, at which time Mr. Gilman 
was promoted to the responsible position of general car 
accountant. In 1894 he was appointed general accountant 
of the Blue and Canadian Southern lines in charge of the 
office. Later, at the time of the general consolidation of all 
the Vanderbilt lines, Mr. Gilman served as general cashier 
of the combined lines, from which position and the railroad 
business he subsequently retired. In January, 1900, he was 
appointed chief clerk and deputy by Commissioner of Public 
Safety Cutler. When Commissioner James D. Casey succeeded 
Commissioner Cutler,, he retained Mr. Gilman because of his. 
efficient services for the department. When Mayor A. J. 
Rodenbeck took office, January 1, 1902, he appointed Mr. 
Gilman as commissioner of Public Safety, an act which met 
with general approval. 

The administration of the affairs of the department 
under Mr. Gilman has been very satisfactory. He has 
increased the efficiency of the police and fire departments 
to a marked degree. New editions of the rules of both 
the police and fire departments have been published under 
his supervision, the police department has been, entirely 
reorganised and re-distributed, and new apparatus has been 
added to the fire department. Through the health department 
Mr." Gilman has fought through successfully a small-pox 
epidemic under the most trying circumstances. No department 
of the city government has had greater responsibilities than that 
of Public Safety during 1902 and 1903, and Commissioner 
Gilman has met them all with such common sense and 
executive ability as to merit public praise. 

2o8 History of Police Department 

Private Secretary Foreman 
Edward R. Foreman, secretary to Mayor Rodenbeck, was 
born in Lima, N. Y.,'was graduated from Genesee Wesleyan 
seminary in 1888 and from the University of Rochester in 
1892. During his college course he was assistant editor and 
had charge of the publication of the general catalogue of the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity issued in New York city in 
1890. He was admitted to the bar in 1894 and has since 
practised law in this city. He was employed in the publication 
of the Rochester city charter by City Attorney C. D. Kiehel 
in 1893, and later was appointed investigating clerk for the 
law department. He was promoted to the position of managing 
clerk the following year and was appointed assistant corporation 
counsel by Corporation Counsel A. J. Rodenbeck in 1896, in 
which position he served for two years. When assistant 
corporation counsel Mr. Foreman had charge of the revision 
and the publication, in 1897, of the penal ordinances of the 
city of Rochester, and also of the park ordinances. He had 
the management of the work at Rochester for the joint 
committee of the legislature on the revision of the laws 
during the years 1900 and 1901. January 1, 1902, he was 
appointed private secretary to Mayor A. J. Rodenbeck and 
has since served the city in that capacity. Mr. Foreman has 
taken special interest in the affairs of the police department 
and in January, 1903, revised and published the police rules 
under the authority of the mayor and the commissioner of 
Public Safety. 

Chief Clerk Simmons 

Charles Alonzo Simmons, chief clerk in the department of 
Public Safety, was born in Watkins, N. Y. He attended 
public schools in that place and in Elmira, where his parents 
removed when he was ten years of age. He graduated from 
grammar school number 2 in Elmira. Through a contribution 
which struck the fancy of the city editor of the Elmira 
Gazette he took up newspaper work when fifteen years of 
age, and continued it while a student in the Elmira free 
academy, from which institution he was graduated an honor 
student, winning first prize for an oration. He then went to 

Rochester, New York 209 

Cornell, where he took a year's course in law and general 
studies. In 1894 he came to Rochester and became a reporter 
on the Evening Times, and later on the Union & Advertiser; 
finally, he was made editor of the financial page of the Post 

In 1898 he volunteered for duty in the war with Spain 
and rose from corporal to sergeant in company H, Third N. 
Y. V. I.; he was elected second lieutenant of his company 
upon his return to Rochester. He is an active worker in the 
Union League Republican club, and captain of its drill corps ; 
he is captain of the Eighth separate company, national guard,, 
and captain of L,. Bordman Smith command, number 53,. 
Spanish War Veterans. He is prominent in several fraternal 
organisations. He was appointed chief clerk in the department 
of Public Safety by Commissioner George A. Gilman, and 
entered upon his duties as such January 1, 1902. 

Bookkeeper Hertel 

John W. Hertel was born in Rochester September 22, 
1850. After being educated in the public and private schools 
of the city he went into the harness business and having 
spent some time in that occupation he became employed by 
the municipal government, in the various departments of 
which he has been engaged since then. On the 1st of April, 
1900, he was appointed bookkeeper in the department of 
Public Safety, and he occupies that position at the present 
time. He is a member of the First Presbyterian church, of 
the Genesee lodge of Odd Fellows and of Jefferson tent of 
the Knights of Maccabees. His residence is at 157 Bronson 

History of Police Department 

The Police Department 
The following notices comprise all the officers and 
members of the police force, as well as those others who are 
directly connected with the operation of the department : 

Chief of Police Cleary 

Joseph P. Cleary, chief of police of Rochester, was born 
March n, 1844, in the city of Limerick, Ireland. Coming 
to this country when twelve years old, he made Rochester his 
home and has since resided here. Up to the outbreak of the 
Civil war Mr. Cleary was employed in the nursery business. 

In the spring of 1861 he enlisted in Company E> 
Thirteenth New York infantry, commanded by Captain F. 
A. Schoeffel, and served two years, the term of enlistment, 
being mustered out as color sergeant at Rochester in May, 
1863. During the service of this regiment, while assisting a 
wounded comrade at Gaines Mills, Mr. Cleary was captured 
and was imprisoned for some time at Libby prison and later 
at Belle Isle. He was exchanged on August 6th of the same 
year and joined his regiment at Harrison's Landing, Va. 
Twenty-four days later, at the second battle of Bull Run, 
Corporal Cleary was severely wounded and lay on the battle- 
field for five days, being finally paroled and sent under a flag 
of truce to Washington. After spending some time in the 
hospital he was exchanged on the nth of December, 1862, 
and rejoined his regiment in time to participate in the battle 
of Fredericksburg. The term of his enlistment having 
expired he re-enlisted on June 29, 1863, in the Fourteenth 
heavy artillery, as sergeant major of the regiment. On the 
second day of October of the same year he was promoted to 
the rank of second lieutenant of his company and performed 
garrison duty at New York harbor until April, 1864, when 
his regiment received marching orders to proceed to 
Washington, where it was attached to the Ninth army corps, 
commanded by General Burnside, and joined the Army of 
the Potomac under Grant at Warrenton Junction, Va. 
Lieutenant Cleary was acting adjutant of the regiment at that 
time, and took part in the battles of the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania Court House, Petersburg, North Anna river, 

Rochester, New York 

Weldon railroad and Cold Harbor. On the battlefield of 
Cold Harbor he was promoted to be first lieutenant for 
gallantry in action, and in September, 1864, was promoted 
captain at the battle of Pegram's Farm, after which he was 
assigned to command ■ six mortar batteries attached to the 
artillery brigade of the Ninth army corps in front of 
Petersburg. In March, 1864, he was again wounded on top 
of the head by the explosion of a shell. In the same month 
he was promoted to major. While on leave of absence 
twenty-four hours from his battery, visiting at headquarters 
at Fort Stedman, the enemy attacked and Major Cleary took 
command of Fort Stedman during the battle after the 
commanding officer had been captured. For his conduct in 
this battle he was brevetted major of United States volunteers 
by Congress, and a short time later was made full major of the 
regiment. Just before the close of the war he was brevetted 
lieutenant-colonel of New York state volunteers by Governor 
Fenton for gallant conduct during the war. He came home 
to Rochester in command of the first battalion, Fourteenth 
New York heavy artillery, and was mustered out as major of 
his regiment August 26, 1865. 

Chief Cleary is a member of the military order of the 
Loyal Legion. He has served for three years as a member 
of the board of trustees of the New York State Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Home at Bath, N. Y. He has always taken a 
prominent part in the Grand Army of the Republic, and in 
1892 was unanimously elected and served as department 
commander of the G. A. R. of New York state. 

He was appointed patrolman in the Rochester police 
department December 1, 1866, when S. W. D. Moore was 
mayor and H. S. Hebard and Jacob Howe, sr., were police 
commissioners. November 12, 1877, he was made day 
roundsman at large and about a year later was appointed to 
detective duty. A short time after this he was made 
lieutenant and assistant to Captain P. H. Sullivan. On 
Captain Sullivan's death in May, 1882, Major Cleary 
succeeded him as night captain, and a short time later was 
appointed day captain. In 1885 he was made acting chief of 
police and on the resignation of Chief McLean, October 3, 

History of Police Department 

1885, he was appointed chief of police, which position he has 
held continuously up to the present time. 

As chief guardian of the peace of the city of Rochester, 
Major Cleary's face is familiar to all Monroe county residents. 
His services in war are only excelled" by his services to this 
city. He is a man of sterling character and is held in high 
esteem by the community at large. 

Inspector Zimmerman 
Michael J. Zimmerman is a life-long resident of Rochester, 
having been born here July 19, 1858, of German parentage. 
His education was received in the parochial and public schools 
of this city. In 1878 he was here married. After passing a 
number of years successfully in business Mr. Zimmerman was 
appointed on the police department as a patrolman April 1, 
1882. He served in this capacity so faithfully for six years 
that he was promoted to sergeant July 6, 1888. This first 
promotion was followed by another on February 2, 1891, 
when he was made lieutenant. He served the department as 
lieutenant with great credit to July 1, 1900, when he was 
made captain. June 4, 1902, Captain Zimmerman was 
transferred to precinct number 1 and was made acting 
inspector of police with the authority of chief of police in 
the absence or disability of the chief. He now occupies this 
responsible position. 

Under the advice of Captain Zimmerman, and the 
administration of Chief of Police Cleary, the most modern 
police methods have been installed recently at police head- 
quarters by Mayor Rodenbeck and Commissioner Gilman. 
Complete records of crimes committed, criminals apprehended, 
and the general work of the department are now kept by the 
card system. The cards are supplemented by accurate books 
of record, while the department is kept thoroughly informed 
by the daily police bulletin printed and distributed to each 
officer. The institution of the Bertillon system of measure- 
ments was also advised by Captain Zimmerman, as well as 
the recent revision of the police rules and the general 
reorganisation of the department. 

Captain Zimmerman's steady advancement has been based 
on duty well performed. He has always been distinguished 

Rochester, New York 

for executive ability and fearless discharge of duty. He is a 
man of high personal integrity and commands universal 

Director Hayden 

Upon the detective force of any police department must 
rest, very largely, the duty of unraveling the obscure crimes 
that are enveloped in mystery at the outset and then of 
hunting down the criminal, often at great personal risk and 
labor. At the head of this bureau is John C. Hayden, whose 
name has been frequently mentioned in the preceding portion 
of this volume, principally in connection with murder cases, 
of which he has worked up at least five since he became 
connected with the department. His duties have also caused 
him to become quite a traveler, his journeys extending to the 
Pacific coast and to the West Indies, to bring back criminals 
or to testify in important cases. Director Hayden was born 
on Staten island, N. Y., on the 23d of February, 1848, and 
moved to this city when fourteen years old, after having been 
raised on a farm. Having been educated at public schools 
and at DeGraff's private academy in Rochester, he went into 
Glen & Hall's manufactory in this city, where he learned the 
trade of machinist. He was appointed on the police force 
April 8, 1872, was assigned to day duty July 6, 1876 ; was 
made a detective in January, 1882 ; was appointed chief of 
detectives August 14, 1887 ; was made assistant chief of 
police in February, 1893, holding that position for several 
years, and finally, in May, 1900, was made director of the 
detective bureau, with the rank of captain, which is his office 
at this time. He is a member of the Roman Catholic church 
of the Holy Rosary, of the order of Elks, of the Knights of 
Columbus, of the A. O. U. W. and the C. M. B. A., of the 
Exempt Firemen, of the Sons of Veterans and of the Union 
club. He resides at 22 Augustine street, and his office is in 
the police headquarters building, on Exchange street. 

Surgeon Stapeeton 

Dr. John A. Stapleton, the surgeon of the department, 
was born in this city and received his primary education at 
the public and parochial schools here, after which he went to 

214 History of Police Department 

the University of Buffalo and was graduated from the 
medical department of that institution. He was appointed to 
his present position on January i, 1902. He is a member of 
the Rochester club and of the Union club, and his residence 
is at 76 Frost avenue. 

Captain McDermott 

The drill-master of the police department is the officer 
whose name is at the head of this sketch, and a great deal of 
the proficiency of the members of the force is due to his 
careful instruction, teaching the men first in squads at the 
drill hall in police headquarters and afterward in battalion 
drill on the University campus. John E. McDermott was 
born in this city on June 24, 1843, and was educated at our 
public schools. In early life he was a tobacconist by 
occupation, but he was able to serve the public at the same 
time as a volunteer fireman, being attached to the old hand- 
engine company known as "Torrent 2 " from 1857 to 1862, 
and being also a member of the crack military company 
known as the Union Grays. In the second year of the Civil 
war he enlisted as a private and fought his way up from the 
ranks, being made a lieutenant for conspicuous bravery and 
being, at the close of the war, offered a captaincy in the 
regular army, which he declined. Though receiving, at 
Gettysburg, a wound of which he still bears the scar, he 
remained in the service and was present at twenty-nine 
general engagements, from Fredericksburg to Appomattox, 
where L,ee surrendered. After his return to civil life he 
organised, from the members of his old regiment, the Ryan 
Zouaves, one of the very best disciplined companies in the 
United States, and also, a few years later, the O'Rorke Post 
drill corps. 

He was appointed on the police force on June 1, 1881 ; 
he was made a lieutenant April 2, 1886 ; on the 15th of 
February, 1893, he was promoted to a captaincy as the 
successor of the lamented McCormick, and was lately put in 
charge of precinct number 2. He is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and resides at 84 Manhattan street. 

Rochester, New York 215 

Captain Baird 

John A. Baird, who has command of the third police 
precinct, the station being on University avenue, was born in 
this city on the 10th of September, 1846. He was educated 
at the public schools of Rochester, and at an early age went 
into the milling business, but was able at the same time to 
serve the city faithfully in the capacity of volunteer fireman. 
He was appointed on the police force August 15, 1881 ; was 
made a lieutenant on the 1st of June, 1883, and was raised 
to the captaincy on April 3, 1894. He resides at 450 Central 

Captain Russ 

Herman Russ, the captain in charge of the fourth police 
precinct, was born at Fort Pla-in, Montgomery county, N. Y., 
January 15, 1859. Having been educated in the public 
schools of that village, he was employed for some four years 
in the grocery store of George E. White and in his father's 
blacksmith shop at the same place. Coming to Rochester in 
May, 1879, he obtained employment at Cunningham's carriage 
factory and worked there till 1891, when, on June 29 of that 
year, he was appointed on the police force. He was raised to 
the rank of lieutenant February 13, 1899, and was made a 
captain June 29, 1900. Although not so long in the depart- 
ment as some others, he has made a number of important 
arrests since he went on the force. He is a member of the 
Masonic order, of the Knights of the Maccabees and of the 
Police Benevolent association ; he was married May 29, 1883, 
and he resides at 13 Grape street. 

Captain Furtherer 
One of the oldest and best officers on the force is 
Benedict C. Furtherer. His long term of service in the 
department, extending over nearly thirty-two years, would 
doubtless enable him to furnish many incidents worthy of 
publication, but his extreme modesty, amounting to reticence, 
renders it impossible to obtain enough material for an adequate 
sketch of his career. He was born in Rochester in 1846, and 
after being educated at one of our public schools he worked 
for some time at his trade as a carpenter and joiner. On the 

216 History of Police Department 

3d of July, 1871, he was appointed on the police force as a 
patrolman ; September 12, 1881, he was raised to the rank of 
lieutenant ; in 1886 he was assigned to detective service and 
did duty for some time in that capacity ; in 1897 he was 
promoted to a captaincy and is now in charge of precinct 
number 5. He was married about twenty years ago, and he 
resides at number 3 Rowley street. 

Lieutenant Schwartz 

Samuel L. Schwartz was born February 10, 1845, in 
Lancaster county, Penn. After a public school education he 
was employed as a pump-maker from 1859 to 1862, in which 
year, on August 7, he enlisted in the 135th regiment of 
Pennsylvania volunteers and was present in several important 
battles, including that of Chancellorsville, where he was 
captured and served a time in Libby prison. His second 
enlistment was in 1864, when he was a corporal in the 95th 
Pennsylvania, and was present at Richmond, Petersburg and 
Appomattox, being finally mustered out July 17, 1865. 
Having worked on the New York Central for nearly the 
next ten years he was appointed on the police force of this 
city February 17, 1875, an( ^ was promoted lieutenant in 
July, 1889. He has made a number of important arrests and 
has never been disciplined for infraction of rules. Some 
years ago he was married at the church of the Holy Family, 
and since then he has resided at 731 Jay street. 

Lieutenant Sherman 

Sharon L. Sherman was born in this city on February 
18, 1857, and was educated in the public scools of Rochester. 
He was employed on the railroad as a locomotive fireman 
till 1880, when he became a member of the Rochester fire 
department, being assigned to truck number 2. While 
still a fireman he was appointed on the police force November 
13, 1887, and on May 28, 1894, was promoted to a lieutenantcy. 
He is a thirty-second degree Mason, being a member of Valley 
lodge and of Damascus Temple shrine ; also, a member of 
the Rochester tent of the Maccabees and of the Exempt 

Rochester, NewYork 217 

Firemen's association. He was married in this city April 5, 
1880, and he resides at 169 Lewis street. 

Lieutenant Ryan 

James E. Ryan was born at Rochester and received his 
education at public school number 9 and at the Vosburg 
academy. Having spent several years as a machinist in the 
employ of the Gleason Tool company of this city, he was 
appointed on the police force October 2, 1881, and was raised 
to the rank of lieutenant January 7, 1890. He is a member 
of St. Bridget's church ; he was married in this city in 1874 
and he resides at 31 Conkey avenue. 

Lieutenant Klubertanz 

Ferdinand A. Klubertanz was born in this city January 
14, 1861, and was educated at St. Joseph's parochial school. 
After being an office boy and collector and working as a tailor 
for the Stein & Adler company for five years, he was appointed 
on the police force September 3, 1885 ; was promoted to be 
sergeant June 28, 1900, and was made a lieutenant August 6, 
1902. His most important service in the department was 
during the riot on Gorham street, June 27, 1887, in connection 
with the laborers' strike. He is a member of the Immaculate 
Conception church, of the C. M. B. A., the A. O. U. W. and 
the M. W. A.; he was married at Rochester April 24, 1883, 
and his residence is 189 Jefferson avenue. 

Lieutenant Stein 

William A. Stein was born at Rochester May 12, 1863, 
and was educated at our public schools and a private German 
school. For six years he was employed as a shipping clerk 
in the wholesale grocery house of George C. Buell & Co., 
after which he was appointed patrolman on September 1, 
1891, was made a sergeant July 1, 1900, and was promoted 
to a lieutenancy August 6, 1902, being stationed for duty at 
the central station, first precinct. He was married at Rochester 
April 11, 1888, and resides at 121 Fulton avenue. 

History of Police Department 

Sergeant Allen 
We come now to the oldest member of the department 
in term of service, the only one now on the. force who has 
been connected with it ever since the reorganisation of the 
department thirty-eight years ago, Francis B. Allen, commonly 
called Frank Allen. He was born at Montezuma, N. Y., 
October 29, 1837, and came to Rochester when ten years old. 
When a young man he worked as a boat-builder and caulker, 
being employed afterward as a box-cutter in Woodworth's 
chemical works. In the war time he was a member of the 
Fifty-fourth militia regiment, and in that capacity he went in 
July, 1864, to Elmira, to guard the Confederate prisoners who 
were confined there. He was appointed on the police force 
April 23, 1865, rose tobe lieutenantin 1882 and was transferred 
to sergeant of patrol in 1891. In spite of his years he is a 
hard man to handle, as was shown by the successful fight 
that he made against a gang of toughs on South Clinton 
street a few months ago. He was married in 1864, is a 
member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, an attendant 
at Christ church (Episcopal) and lives at 139 Alexander street. 

Sergeant Golding 

Daniel Golding was born in Rochester July 1, 1853, and 
educated at St. Patrick's school in this city. Having learned 
the trade of a tinsmith in the shop of Percy & Campbell, he 
remained in the employment of that firm for several years 
previous to his appointment on the police force, which took 
place July 3, 1878. He was created sergeant in July, 1893. 
He was married in this city August 15, 1871 ; he is a member 
of St. Bridget's church and of Temple tent of the Maccabees ; 
he resides at 14 Gordon park. 

Sergeant Carroll 

John M. Carroll was born at Avon, Livingston county,. 
March 6, 1863, and came to Rochester in 1878. His 
education was obtained at the union school of the village and 
at St. Agnes parochial school. After working at his trade as 
a shoemaker in the factory of Cowles Bros. & Co., he was 

Rochester, New York 219 

appointed on the police force December 1, 1893, and promoted 
to sergeant December 29, 1899. He is a member of St. 
Patrick's cathedral church and resides at 39 Kent street. 

Sergeant O'Grady 

Jeremiah O'Grady was born at Rochester June 20, 1863, 
and educated in the public schools of the city. His trade 
being that of a machinist he was employed in the works of 
the Rochester Machine Screw company and in the shop of. 
W. H. Teal. He was appointed on the force November 
13, 1887, and was made a sergeant July 1, 1900. As acting 
lieutenant, on February 20, 1894, he made the largest raid in 
the history of the department, when, assisted by five officers, 
he arrested forty-five men who were engaged in a cocking- 
main on Vetter park. He w,as married at Rochester June 5, 
1889, and resides at 34 Cameron street. 

Sergeant Mehle 

Frank E. Mehle was born in this city January 7, 1870, 
and educated at a parochial school. He was employed in 
Curtis & Wheeler's shoe factory, later in Gorton & McCabe's 
carpet store, and also as a base ball player in different places. 
Appointed on the police force July 26, 1893, he was promoted 
to the rank of sergeant July 1, 1900. He was married at St. 
Peter and Paul's church July 11, 1892, and resides at 351 
Brown street. 

Sergeant Monaghan 

John F. Monaghan was born at Rochester January 21, 
1850, and was educated in public schools eleven and twelve 
and also in the college at Kingston, Ontario. His war record 
is that of a drummer boy in the Fifty-fourth militia regiment, 
in which he enlisted July 26, 1864, an d went to Elmira. 
He was employed with Archie McConnell, contractor, and 
afterward with George D. Dord in water works construction 
in this city and at Hemlock lake. He was appointed on the 
police force July 1, 1876, was promoted sergeant June 28 
1900, and was appointed acting lieutenant June 29, 1900, 
serving as such till June 5, 1902. He resides at 11 Lafayette 

History of Police Department 

Sergeant Alt 

Charles C. Alt was born in this city November i, 1859. 
and educated at our public schools. He was employed as 
driver for a wholesale commission house and later as salesman 
for J. A. Taylor till his appointment on the force November 
12, 1887. He was made a sergeant August 7, 1902. He is 
a member of the church of the Reformation, of Genesee 
Falls lodge and of Hamilton chapter Royal Arch Masons, of 
the Doric Council, of Monroe commandery of Knights 
Templars and of Court Genesee of the Odd Fellows. He 
was married in this city and resides at 86 Nassau street. 

Sergeant Keein 

Jacob H. Klein was born January 7, 1866. He was 
appointed on the police force July 26, 1893, and was promoted 
to the rank of sergeant July 1, 1900. He resides at 207 
Remington street. 

Sergeant Sherwood 

John H. Sherwood was born in Livingston county in 
this state, and educated at Geneseo. He was appointed on 
the force March 20, 1895, and was raised to the grade of 
sergeant June 29, 1900. He resides at 125 Garson avenue. 

Sergeant Shepard 

Carl L. Shepard was born at Aliens, Mich., November 3, 
i860, and educated in the high school at Jonesville in that 
state and in the Rochester Business Institute after he moved 
to this city in 1881. His employment was with the New 
York Central railroad. He became a member of the force 
011 September 8, 1888, and was made a sergeant July 1, 1900. 
He is a member of Monroe lodge Knights of Pythias, was 
married at Rochester February 3, 1884, and resides at 95^ 
Conkey avenue. 

Sergeant McGuire 

Armand J. McGuire was born at Greece, in Monroe 
county, December 12, 1867, and, having been educated at the 
public school in that town, came to this city in 1886. He 

Rochester, New York 

was appointed on the police force March 14, 1894, and was 
promoted to the rank of sergeant January 19, 1903. He 
resides at 76 Glenwood avenue. 

Sergeant McAlester 

Henry F. McAlester was born at Rochester June 9, 1863, 
and was educated in this city. After being employed for 
eight years in the edge tool works of Mack & Co., he was 
appointed on the force April 2, 1889, and raised to the grade 
of sergeant in June, 1900. He is a member of St. Peter 
and Paul's church, of the C. M. B. A., of the Miunetonka 
tribe of Red Men and of Roosevelt tent Knights of the 
Maccabees. He was married in July, 1884, and resides at 
266 Campbell street. 

Sergeant Duscher 

Julius T. Luscher was born at Rochester July 13, 1857, 
and educated in the public schools of this city. He was a 
blacksmith, working with his father, up to November 13, 
1887, when he was appointed on the police force; he was 
made driver on the patrol wagon February 13, 1893, and 
created a sergeant September 26, 1896. He was married at 
Bergen, Genesee county, November 1, 1883, and resides at 
35 Hickory street. 

Detective-Interpreter Lauer 

Peter L,auer was born at Rhein, Prussia, in 1841, and 
came to America in 1855, completing here his education 
begun in the old country. Having been employed for many 
years by the New York Central, he was appointed patrolman 
February 12, 1870, promoted to detective in April, 1873, and 
advanced to be court interpreter and detective in 1887. 
During his long term of service he has done much important 
work, among which may be mentioned the recovery of $19,750 
belonging to Mr. Fuller of Albion, after it had been missing 
for two years, and of a valuable lot of diamonds for E. B. 
Booth, the jeweler ; the arrest of Richard Gardiner, a noted 
housebreaker, and of Mrs. Burnett, one of the most successful 
women burglars in the country, and the arrest, followed by 

History of Police Department 

conviction, of many incendiaries who had caused destructive 
fires. He was married at Syracuse in 1884, is a member of 
the church of St. Boniface and the C. M. B. A. and resides at 
256 Gregory street. 

Detective O'Eoughlin 

Edward O'Loughlin was born at Rochester August 1, 
1845, and received a common school education. His first 
employment was that of a tobacco worker, then in a flour 
mill, then on the New York Central railroad and lastly in a 
shoe factory up to the time of his appointment on the force 
November 2, 1882. He was made a detective May 22, 1892, 
and appointed investigator January 1,. 1900. He is a member 
of the Immaculate Conception church, of the order of Elks, 
of the Eagles, of the C. M. B. A. and of the Exempt Firemen ; 
was married at Rochester November 6, 1874, and resides at 
50 Edinburg street. 

Detective McDonald 

John P. McDonald was born at Rochester in June, 1864, 
and was educated at the Immaculate Conception school. 
Having been employed for several years as a clerk he was 
appointed on the police force November 13, 1887, and was 
advanced to detective in 1893. He is a member of the 
church of the Immaculate Conception and resides at 56 
Bronson avenue. 

Detective Maguire 

William F. Maguire was born at Rochester June 2, 1866, 
and was educated at a public school. For a few years he 
followed the trade of a can-maker; was appointed ladderman 
on truck number 2 in the fire department November 19, 
1888, and served there till July 26, 1891, when he was 
appointed on the police force ; was promoted to be sergeant 
of the patrol wagon September 28, 1896, and made detective 
February 13, 1899. He was married at Rochester in 1892, is 
a member of the Roman Catholic church, of the Police 
Benevolent association and of the Crystal tent of the 
Maccabees and resides at 40 Cole street. 

Rochester, New York 223 

. Detective Bauer 

William H. Bauer was born in this city October 22, 1855 ; 
was educated at public school number seventeen and at St. 
Peter and Paul's school. He was appointed on the force 
January 6, 1891, and promoted to be detective January 1, 
1 899. He was married at Rochester July 6, 1 880 ; is a member 
of the C. M. B. A. and the Police Benevolent association ; 
resides at 525 Uyell avenue. 

Detective Scanlan 

William J. Scanlan was born at Rochester July 22, 1869, 
and educated at public school twenty-four. After working at 
his trade of a mason for some time he was for five years 
deputy sheriff of Monroe county till March 1, 1877, when he 
was appointed on the force, being raised to detective June 28, 
1901. During the Spanish war he was a corporal in the 
Seventh battery of light artillery of United States volunteers. 
He is a member of St. Mary's (Roman Catholic) church, of 
the C. M. B. A., of the order of Eagles and of the Police 
Benevolent association ; not married ; resides at 244 Meigs 

Detective Whaley 

William H. Whaley was born at Sandusky, Ohio, June 
24, 1872, was brought to this city in April, 1875, and was 
educated at our public schools. Following the life of a 
mariner he sailed on fishing smacks and coastwise steamships 
and was a surfman in the United States life-saving service at 
Charlotte from April, 1893, to June 20, 1899, when he was 
appointed on the police force. Even after that his old habits 
clung to him and on the night of September 30 in that very 
year he rescued Albert Turk from drowning at the Exchange 
street canal bridge, for which act he received a silver medal 
from the Volunteer life-saving service. He was made a 
detective June 4, 1902 ; he belongs to Genesee Falls lodge F. 
and A. M., and he resides at 62 Pierpont street. 

Detective Nagle 

John William Nagle was born at Rochester July 24, 
1866, and received a public school education here. He worked 

224 History of Police Department 

first for the Forsyth Scale company and afterward in the 
Judson machine shop, being also employed occasionally as a 
musician. Having been appointed on the force January 6, 
1891, he was promoted to the grade of detective June 2, 1902. 
He was married at Rochester May 29, 1889, and he resides at 
6 Catherine street. 

Detective Barnett 

Walter George Barnett was born in this city April 22, 
1873, and was educated at public school number fifteen. 
Having been employed for some time as a coachman and 
afterward as a clerk in a grocery store, he was appointed on 
the police force May 22, 1899, and was assigned to the detective 
bureau June 2, 1902. He is a member of the Monroe avenue 
Methodist church and of the Hiokatoo tribe of Red Men ; 
was married at the English Lutheran church in this city 
September 12, 1899, and resides at 329 Jefferson avenue. 

Stenographer Meagher 

William C. Meagher was born at Livonia, Livingston 
county, March 8, 1878, and came to this city September i, 
1897. Having graduated from the East Bloomfield high school 
in 1893, he completed his education at the Rochester Business 
Institute, and shortly after his graduation there he was 
appointed stenographer of the police department on May 1, 
1900. The Bertillon apparatus for the scientific measurement 
of criminals, which is fully described in the main portion of 
this book, was installed in police headquarters last March and 
on the 1 8th of that month Mr. Meagher was placed in 
supervision of the system. He is a member of St. Patrick's 
cathedral parish and of the C. M. B. A.; he resides at 80 
Edinburgh street. 

Matron De Staebler 

More than fifteen years ago Mrs. Addie De Staebler 
became the police matron, being appointed to that responsible 
position November 16, 1887, after proving her qualifications 
by a civil service examination. Before that time all the 
women prisoners had been received and attended to by male 

Rochester, New York 225 

officials, a wretched state of things, but the way was not seen 
clearly to remedy the evil until the experiment of having a 
police matron had been tried in Buffalo, where it worked so 
well that the position was established here shortly afterward, 
the appointment of the present incumbent being the second 
one in the state, and now there is not a city of any importance 
where a matron is not considered a necessity. Mrs. 
De Staebler was born in Nunda, Livingston county, and 
educated in the public schools of Rochester. Becoming a 
teacher in the union school at Niagara Falls, she was married 
at that place September 5, 1868. She is a member of the 
First Baptist church, of Ruth chapter of the order of the 
Eastern Star, of the Maccabees, of the Ladies' Auxiliary of 
Locomotive Engineers and of the E. G. Marshall relief corps. 
Her residence is in the police headquarters building. 

Superintendent Miller 

Louis W. Miller was born at Rochester, January 27, 
1869, and educated at St. Peter and Paul's parochial school, 
public school number 6 and the Rochester Business university. 
Having been employed for some time as telegraph operator 
in the Western Union and the New York Central offices, he 
became connected with this department October 14, 1886, 
being appointed operator in the telegraph system, promoted 
to be electrician in charge October 17, 1892, and made 
superintendent of the bureau of police telegraph February 
28, 1898. He has invented and patented several valuable 
devices in ■ his line, which are described elsewhere. He was 
married at Rochester October 24, 1893 ; is a member of St. 
Peter and Paul's church and of the Rochester Liederkranz ; 
resides at 9 Churchlea place. 


Henry W. Martin, residence 54 Austin street. Born at 
Rochester, N. Y., September 16, 1865. Appointed operator 
October 14, 1886. 

Joseph B. Smith, residence 146 Troup street. Born at 
Rochester, N. Y., October 2, 1865. Appointed operator July 


History of Police Department 

Thomas Swanton, residence 68 Waverly place. Born at 
Rochester, N. Y., March 4, 1858. Appointed operator 
October 31, 1 92. 

William H. Karnes, residence 107 Ravine avenue. Born 
at Rochester, N. Y., November 13, 1869. Appointed operator 
August 10, 1900. 

The Patrolmen 

It is, after all, to the rank and file that we are to look 
for the real composition of the police department, for it would 
be in vain that the officers of the force should be of the 
highest character if the men themselves did not come up to 
the mark. In this regard, as in the other, the department 
will bear successfully any comparison that may be made with 
the police of other cities. The following is a list of the 
patrolmen, with their residence, birth and date of 
appointment : 

Patrick Caufield, residence 135 Magnolia street. Born 
at Troy, N. Y., 1843. Appointed patrolman in 1873, served 
until 1876 and reappointed July 1, 1881 ; now attached to 
chief's office. 

Nicholas J. Loos, residence 396 Central avenue. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., August 31, 1850. Appointed patrolman 
July 1, 1874. 

John Dean, residence 617 St. Paul street. Born in 
Ireland November 25, 1844. Appointed patrolman February 
15, 1875 ; now court attendant. 

John M. Ries, residence 379 Ames street. . Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., July 28, 1854. Appointed patrolman 
February 19, 1875 ; now driver patrol wagon. 

James A. Johnson, residence 49 Jefferson avenue. Born 
in Rensselaer county, N. Y., December 25, 1838. Appointed 
patrolman July 1, 1875 ; now officer on patrol wagon. 

Charles Hart, residence 38 Hand street. Born in Ger- 
many November 24, 1846. Appointed patrolman July 1, 
1876 ; now court attendant. 

Charles W. Peart, residence 65 Cypress street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., September 13, 1847. Appointed patrolman 
July 1, 1876. 

Rochester, New York 

Louis Nold, residence 10 Catherine street. Born in 
Germany. Appointed patrolman March 31, 1877. > 

Oliver A. Youle, residence 4 Terry street. Born in 
Watertown, Jefferson county, N. Y., August 5, 1851. Appointed 
patrolman December 1, 1879. 

Patrick Culligan, residence 241 Whitney street. Born 
in Ireland March 16, 1848. Appointed patrolman July 22, 

John Sullivan, residence 3 Ethel street. Born in Peter- 
boro, Canada, October 20, 1842. Appointed patrolman 
August 8, 1 88 1 ; now officer on patrol wagon. 

George M. Kron, residence 133 Genesee street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., March 31, 1858. Appointed patrolman 
May 31, 1882. 

Henry Baker, residence 161 Maryland street. Born in 
Frankfort, Germany, July 16, 1854. Appointed patrolman 
June 30, 1882. 

George L,iese, residence 286 Caroline street. Born in 
Germany June 3, 1856. Appointed patrolman June 30, 1882 ; 
doorman to the chief's office. 

George Kleisley, residence 99 Colvin street. Born in 
Reading, Pa. Appointed patrolman June 26, 1883 ; now 

Ed. J. O'Brien, residence 300 Campbell street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., April 8, 1856. Appointed patrolman 
January 1, 1884; now doing special duty at the New York 
Central depot. 

John E. Moran, residence 7,^ Bartlett street. Born in 
New York, N. Y., November 26, 1861. Appointed patrolman 
September 5, 1885. 

Theo. H. Cazeau, residence 161 Reynolds street. Born 
in Albany, N. Y., June 7, 1846. Appointed patrolman 
September 7, 1885. 

A. J. Moynihan, residence 169 North Union street. Born 
April 10, 1857. Appointed patrolman September 15, 1885. 

J. W. Chatfield, residence 12 Vinewood place. Born in 
Cuylerville, N. Y. Appointed patrolman June 16, 'il 
now officer on patrol wagon. 

History of Police Department 

Charles Dingman, residence 25 Henion street. Born in 
Chili, Monroe county, N. Y., September 20, 1844. Appointed 
patrolman December 30, 1886 ; now driver on patrol wagon. 

Albert Gerber, residence 178 Orchard street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., August 1, 1846. Appointed patrolman 
March 28, 1887 ; now turnkey. 

Thomas Foley, residence 33 Champlain street. Born in 
County Bantry, Cork, Ireland, March 19, 1855. Appointed 
patrolman November 12, 1887. 

Victor Hohmau, residence 2 Nicholson street. Born in 
Germany July 25, 1850. Appointed patrolman November 13, 
1887 ; now driver on patrol wagon. 

William A. Metzger, residence 133 Flint street. Born 
in Buffalo, N. Y., May 24, 1858. Appointed patrolman 
November 13, 1887. 

William E. O'Brien, residence 15 Henion street. Born 
in Ireland March 16, 1846. Appointed patrolman November 
13, 1887. 

Thomas F. O'Connor, residence Magee avenue. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., May 5, 1857. Appointed patrolman 
November 13, 1887. 

John Shire, residence 366 Whitney street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., July 20, 1857. Appointed patrolman 
November 13, 1887. 

Martin P. Snyder, residence 522 Clifford street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., June 21, 1852. Appointed patrolman 
November 13, 1887. 

Charles Weber, residence 460 Campbell street. Born 
in Utica, N. Y., March 16, 1857. Appointed patrolman 
November 13, 1887. 

George W. Finkle, residence 46 Warner street. Born in 
Oswego county, N. Y., May 22, 1844. Appointed patrolman 
June 19, 1888. 

Joseph A. Rendsland, residence 2 Boardman street. Born 
in Lima, N. Y., March 19, 1863. Appointed patrolman 
September 10, 1888. 

William H. Smith, residence 16 Alexander street. Born 
in Riga, Monroe county, N. Y., October 10, 1855. Appointed 
patrolman, September 10, i? 

Rochester, New York 229 

Michael Mulcahy, residence 69 Waverly place. Born in 
County Limerick, Ireland, August 27, 1867. Appointed 
patrolman January 29, 1889. 

Philip G. Yawinan, residence 60 George street. Born in 
Scottsville, N. Y., February 28, 1857. Appointed patrolman 
March 19, 1889 ; now special night officer at headquarters. 

Thomas Ragan, residence 201 Tremont street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., October 22, 1855. Appointed patrolman 
November 19, 1889. 

John F. Cahill, residence 171 Atkinson street. Born in 
Ireland June 6, 1862. Appointed patrolman Febntary 4, 

James J. Devereaux, residence 8 Van street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., April 23. 1867. Appointed patrolman 
April 15, 1890. 

Frederick Scholl, residence 4 Broezel street. Born in 
Tarrytown, N. Y., August n, 1861. Appointed patrolman 
April 15, 1890; now doing duty as mounted officer. 

William H. Christie, residence 88 Glendale park. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., December 9, 1862. Appointed patrolman 
January 6, 1891. 

John W. Shayne, residence 85 South Washington street. 
Born in Galway, Saratoga county, N. Y., June 22, i860. 
Appointed patrolman January 22, 1891. 

James H. Martin, residence 500 Genesee street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., December 13, i860. Appointed patrolman 
June 9, 1891. 

Lawrence Murray, residence 22 Culver road. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., March 6, 1858. Appointed patrolman June 
9, 1891 ; now bicycle officer at headquarters. 

Christian Bowers, residence 145 Bartlett street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., September 4, 1857. Appointed patrolman 
June 22, 1891. 

John M. Touhey, residence 179 Clifton street. Born in 
Canandaigua, N. Y., December 15, i860. Appointed patrolman 
June 22, 1891. 

S. C. Baldwin, residence 199 South Fitzhugh street. Born 
in Riga, N. Y., September 24, 1855. Appointed patrolman 
June 29, 1891. 

250 History of Police Department 

Patrick Conheady, residence 98 Grand avenue. Born in 
County Clare, Ireland. Appointed patrolman June 29, 1891. 

George A. Fox, residence 32 Rainier street. Born in 
Rochester N. Y., May 25, 1868. Appointed patrolman June 
29, 1891. 

William H. Heinlein, residence 579 St. Paul street. 
Born in West Henrietta, Monroe county, August 15, 1867. 
Appointed patrolman June 29, 1891. 

Robert J. Klein, residence 3 Grant park. Born in 
Buffalo, N. Y., August 21, 1861. Appointed patrolman June 
29, 1891. 

Charles G. Lamniel, residence 95 Wilder street. Born 
in Germany October 25, i860. Appointed patrolman June 
29, 1891. 

Willis R. Lee, residence 112 Parsells avenue. Born in 
Middletown, Conn., January 26, 1858. Appointed patrolman 
June 29, 1891. 

Frank V. Natt, residence 130 Ford street. Born in 
Palmyra, Wayne county, N. Y., April 25, 1864. Appointed 
patrolman June 29, 1891. 

Jeremiah J. Sullivan, residence 166 Reynolds street. 
Born in Spencerport, Monroe county, N. Y., March 19, 1861. 
Appointed patrolman June 29, 1891 ; now doing duty as 
mounted officer. 

Casper W. Vaughan, residence 383 Brown street. Born 
in Pittsford, N. Y., March 8, 1854. Appointed patrolman 
June 29, 1891. 

John G. Burns, residence 9 St. Clair street. Born in 
Davenport, Iowa, June 14, 1867. Appointed patrolman 
September 1, 1891. 

A. J. Legler, residence 91 Charlotte street. Born in 
Mankato, Minn., August 10, 1864. Appointed patrolman 
September 1, 1891. 

Henry F. Spahn, residence 9 Terry street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., July 8, 1863. Appointed patrolman 
September 1, 1891. 

John S. Pearson, residence 18 Rogers avenue. Born in 
West Walworth, Wayne county, N. Y., August 13, 1862. 

Rochester, New York 231 

Appointed patrolman May 4, 1892 ; now doing duty as 
mounted officer. 

William O'Connor, residence 146 Orange street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., December n, 1864. Appointed 
patrolman May 4, 1892. 

John M. Sellinger, residence 5 Montrose street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., January 24, 1866. Appointed patrolman 
May 4, 1892. 

Patrick A. Hurley, residence 34 Romeyn street. Born 
in Stockholm, St. Lawrence county, N. Y. Appointed 
patrolman June 15, 1892. 

Erastus Horton Miller, residence 66 Catherine street. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., October 13, 1864. Appointed 
patrolman July 11, 1892. 

Thomas Sheehan, residence 18 North Washington street. 
Born in Ireland, April 1, i860. Appointed patrolman 
September 6, 1892. 

William McDonald, residence 89 Kent street. Born in 
Peterboro, Canada, August 3, 1867. Appointed patrolman 
November 16, 1892. 

William B. Kinnear, residence 220 Parsells avenue. 
Born in Scotland December 26, 1S63. Appointed patrolman 
February 8, 1893. 

Joseph G. Schmucker, residence 374 Hawley street. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., November 18, 1862. Appointed 
patrolman February 8, 1893. 

Frederick V. Beachel, residence 42 Cypress street. Born 
in Batavia, N. Y., February 2, 1865. Appointed patrolman 
February 16, 1893 > now doing duty as mounted officer. 

James B. Doyle, residence 281 Brown street. Born in 
County Wicklow, Ireland, May 16, 1862. Appointed 
patrolman May 1, 1893. 

John A. Tindell, residence 12 Dawn street. Born in 
Geneva, Ontario county, N. Y., August 18, 1869. Appointed 
patrolman May 1, 1893. 

Henry A. Ireland, residence 20 Delano street. Born in 
Beeton, Canada, January 10, 1866. Appointed patrolman 
June 10, 1893. 

232 History of Police Department 

Daniel D. Ingall, residence 21 Menlo place. Born in 
Wheatland, N. Y., March 25, 1861. Appointed patrolman 
June 15, 1893. 

R. D. Courneen, residence 194 Averill avenue. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., July 24, 1870. Appointed patrolman July 
24, 1893- 

Henry Ehrmentraut, residence 15 Morgan street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y, August 14, 1863. Appointed patrolman 
July 24, 1893. 

George W. McKelvey, residence 191 Saratoga avenue. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., September 13, 1868. Appointed 
patrolman July 24, 1893 ; now doing special duty at 
railroads and coal yards. 

Stephen E. Drexelius, residence 81 Wellington avenue. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., February 24, 1870. Appointed 
patrolman 25, 1893. 

Thomas J. Condon, residence no Jones street. Born in 
Limerick county, Ireland, April, 1866. Appointed patrolman 
July 26, 1893. 

John Hetzler, residence 921 Jay street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., November 3, 1863. Appointed patrolman 
July 26, 1893. 

John E. Lane, residence 20 Anne street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., October 23, 1868. Appointed .patrolman 
July 26, 1893. 

D. K. McCarthy, residence 5 Arnett street. Born in 
Ireland February 14, 1868. Appointed patrolman July 26, 
1893 ; now ordinance officer. 

William J. Quinlan, residence 149 Atkinson street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., February 4, 1869. Appointed patrolman 
July 26, 1893. 

Patrick J. Sullivan, residence 34 Sullivan street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., February 15, 1869. Appointed 
patrolman November 27, 1893. 

John J. Lynch, residence 331 Brown street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., Nov. 8, 1864. Appointed patrolman 
December 1, 1893; now turnkey. 

Rochester, New York 233 

William C. Muir, residence 1 58 Champlain street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., July 14, 1863. Appointed patrolman 
December r, 1893 > assigned to the district-attorney's office. 

Edward J. Pfitsch, residence 226 Avenue A. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., June 9, 1867. Appointed patrolman 
December 1, 1893. 

Robert R. Williamson, residence 302 Reynolds street. 
Born in County Cork, Ireland, May 8, 1865. Appointed 
patrolman April 4, 1894. 

Joseph F. Clasgens, residence 23 Cleveland place. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., August 10, 1865. Appointed patrolman 
April 5, 1894. 

Philip George Amlinger, residence 2 Ketchum street. 
Born in Sheldon, N. Y., July 11, 1864. Appointed patrolman 
November 17, 1894. 

Frederick J. Decker, residence 77 Glendale park. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., August' 21, 1864. Appointed patrolman 
November 17, 1894. 

William H. Davenport, residence 34^ Chatham street. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., March 12, 1850. Appointed 
patrolman April 26, 1895 ! now P ar k officer. 

Martin T. Cook, residence 401 Lexington avenue. Born 
in Port Hope, Canada, November 10, 1864. Appointed 
patrolman May 27, 1895. 

Williams C. Spillings, residence 35 Stillson street. Born 
in Cornwall, Vt., December 17, 1864. Appointed patrolman 
October 1 , 1 895 ; now physical instructor. 

Alexander Ashley, residence 221 Henrietta street. Born 
in Kingston, Canada, October 26, 1 865. Appointed patrolman 
March 18, 1896. 

Alden T. Budd, residence 104 Flint street. Born in 
Greece, N. Y., June 20, 1847. Appointed patrolman March 
26, 1896; now park officer. 

Frederick J. Schultz, residence 7 Manila street. Born in 
Brighton, N. Y., March 27, 1872. Appointed patrolman 
March 30, 1896; bicycle officer, second precinct. 

Henry C. Greve, residence 48 Concord street. Born in 
Germany December 21, 1865. Appointed patrolman May 27, 

234 History of Police Department 

Eugene B. Sullivan, residence 599 Monroe avenue. 
Born in Brighton, N. Y., March 26, 1872. Appointed 
patrolman August 4, 1896. 

John B. Toomey, residence 751 Plymouth avenue. Born 
in Brighton, N. Y., February 1, 1866. Appointed patrolman 
August 4, 1896. 

Robert D. Kellogg, residence 143 Clifton street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., July 10, 1865. Appointed patrolman 
February 17, 1897. 

William L,. Sander, residence 637 Clinton avenue north. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., November 22, 1870. Appointed 
patrolman February 17, 1897. 

John D. Trant, residence 70 Pearl street. Born in 
Seneca Falls, N. Y., June 5, 1869. Appointed patrolman 
February 17, 1897. 

Charles E. Twetchell, residence 376 Pennsylvania avenue. 
Born in Webster, N. Y., March 22, 1866. Appointed 
patrolman March 8, 1897 > bicycle officer, third precinct. 

William H. Dutcher, residence 28 Wooden street. Born 
in Avon, N. Y., July 24, 1865. Appointed patrolman March 
10, 1897. 

Otto F. Isler, residence 381 Troup street. Born in 
Shortsville, N. Y., January 30, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
September 28, 1898. 

Mathew J. Lally, residence 295 Plymouth avenue. Born 
in Little Falls, N. Y., May 8, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
December 19, 1898. 

Daniel Schout, residence 50 Scrantom street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., May 25, 1869. Appointed patrolman 
December 21, 1898. 

William G. England, residence 30 Ontario street. Born 
in county Tipperary, Ireland, June 7, 1869. Appointed 
patrolman January 1, 1899. 

Maurice W. Scanlon, residence 228 Tremont street. 
Born in county Kerry, Ireland, June 6, 1867. Appointed 
patrolman January 1, 1899. 

Paul Waddington, residence 16 Milburn street. Born 
in Greece, N. Y., August 16, 1865. Appointed patrolman 
January 29, 1S99. 

Rochester, New York 235 

George Sullivan, residence 71 Otis street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., October 15, 1873. Appointed patrolman 
January 29, 1899. 

Edward T. Burke, residence 183 Atkinson street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., February 10, 1866. Appointed patrolman 
January 31, 1899. 

James Collins, residence 515 Lyell avenue. Born in 
Oswego, N. Y., April 20, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
January 31, 1899. 

Patrick Convey, residence 18 Joiner street. Born in 
Wicklow, Canada, June 8, 1867. Appointed patrolman 
January 31, 1899. 

John T. Farrell, residence 56 Gorham street. Born in 
Williamson, Wayne county, N. Y. Appointed patrolman 
January 31, 1899. 

Frank V. Hackett, residence 1 10 Richard street. Born 
in Pittsford, N. Y., June 2, 1868. Appointed patrolman 
January 31, 1899. 

William Morrice, residence 143 Maryland street. Born 
in Belleville, Canada, September 17, 1865. Appointed 
patrolman January 3r, 1899. 

William A. O'Neil, residence 42 Elizabeth street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., November 29, 1871. Appointed patrol- 
man January 31, 1899. 

Walter Phalen, residence 338 Monroe avenue. Born in 
Livonia, N. Y., May 28, 1874. Appointed patrolman January 
31, 1899. 

Henry F. Prien, residence 1 7 Nicholson street. Born in 
Andrew county, Mo., May 22, 1867. Appointed patrolman 
January 31, 1899. 

Frank Siener, residence 58 Wilder street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., October 2, 1873. Appointed patrolman 
January 3r, 1899; now desk clerk, captain's office, at head- 

Archibald H. Sharpe, residence 75 Driving Park avenue. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., June 14, 1876. Appointed patrol- 
man January 31, 1899. 

236 History of Police Department 

Gregory P. Smith, residence 415 Gregory street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., December 11, 1873. Appointed patrolman 
January 31, 1899. 

Edward Kirby, residence 196 Troup street. Born in 
Medina, N. Y., May 4, 1867. Appointed patrolman February 
1, 1899. 

Joseph M. Heintz, residence 200 Seward street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., April 23, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
March 27, 1899. 

William J. Hoey, residence 31 Avenue E. Born in 
Auburn, N. Y., August 3, 1871. Appointed patrolman April 
3, 1899. 

Thomas J. McKeon, residence r5 North Washington 
street. Born in LeRoy, N. Y., October 3, 1875. Appointed 
patrolman May 22, 1890. 

Martin J. Reichenberger, residence 250 Wilder street. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., December 1, 1874. Appointed 
patrolman May 22, 1899. 

Martin R. Cullen, residence 175 Lyell avenue. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., February 6, 1871. Appointed patrolman 
June 19, 1899. 

John Kenealy, residence 80 Frank street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., September 16, 1868. Appointed patrolman 
June 29, 1899. 

Ignatz Hetzler, residence 20 Boston street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., August 21, 1873. Appointed patrolman 
September 25, 1899. 

Joseph P. Witaschek, residence 164 Averill avenue. Born 
in Carrolton, 111., June 28, 1874. Appointed patrolman 
September 25, 1899. 

James B. Bennett, residence 15 Glendale park. Born in 
Port Byron, N. Y., June 20, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
December 22, 1899. 

William Geib, residence 137^ Reynolds street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., July 16, 1873. Appointed patrolman 
December 21, 1899. 

Charles E. Post, residence 20 Dejonge street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., April 7, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
December 27, 1899. 

Rochester, New York 237 

Frank Eckrich, residence 155 South Fitzhugh street. 
Born in Dansville, N. Y., February 12, 1870. Appointed 
patrolman Jan. 1, 1900. 

William F. Popp, residence 57 Tacoma street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., March 25, 1877. Appointed patrolman 
January 3, 1900. 

Dennis D. McGrath, residence 388 Benton street. Born 
in Brighton, N. Y., February 28, 1876. Appointed patrolman 
January 22, 1900. 

John H. McMahon, residence 1099 Main street East. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., March 16, 1864. Appointed 
patrolman April 16, 1900. 

George G. Alt, residence 870 Clinton avenue north. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., August 6, 1862. Appointed 
patrolman April 18, 1900. 

Perry Shove, residence 111 Atkinson street. Born in 
Utica, N. Y., August 18, 1844. Appointed patrolman May 
1, 1900; park officer. 

William S. Goddard, residence 15 Stanley street. Born 
in Salem, Meigs county, Ohio, February 4, 1844. Appointed 
patrolman June 9, 1900 ; park officer. 

Patrick R. Hennessey, residence 483 Lyell avenue. Born 
in Eockport, N. Y., April 15, 1868. Appointed patrolman 
June 14, 1900. 

John C. McClease, residence 522 Child street. Born in 
Grove, Allegany county, N. Y., June 27, 1877. Appointed 
patrolman June 15, 1900. 

William Weidman, residence 246 Whitney street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., October 14, 1875. Appointed patrolman 
June 18, 1900 ; bicycle officer, fifth precinct. 

John T. Campbell, residence 5 Harwood street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., April 25, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
July 21, 1900. 

James McD. Ellis, residence 8 North Washington street. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., March 1 6, 1 876. Appointed patrolman 
July 28, 1900. 

William Mclnerney, residence 16 Edgewood park. Born 
in Salamanca, N. Y., April 15, 1875. Appointed patrolman 

238 History of Police Department 

December 9, 1 900 ; doing special duty at railroads and coal 

Charles Demler, residence 15 Gladys street. Born in 
Mendon, N. Y., December 8, 1869. Appointed patrolman 
January 1, 1901. 

F. J. Van Auker, residence 49 Benton street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., July 12, 1876. Appointed patrolman 
February 25, 1901. 

Walter D. McLean, residence 707 North Goodman street. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., May 21, 1874. Appointed patrolman 
May 14, 1901. 

James E. Murphy, residence 194 Oak street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., May 9, 1868. Appointed patrolman May 
19, 1901. 

Richard A. Fagan, residence 63 North street. Born in 
Mendon, N. Y., February 10, 1875. Appointed patrolman 
May 22, 1901. 

DeWitt C. Howland, residence 2 Riley place. Born in 
Manchester, N. Y., Sept. 1, 1869. Appointed patrolman 
June 1, 1 901. 

Louis Fleckenstein, residence 678 Jay street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., January 17, 1874. Appointed patrolman 
June 3, 1901. 

John P. Matheis, residence 328 Brown street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., May 13, 1869. Appointed patrolman June 

3, '9°i- 

Joseph H. Nolin, residence 74 Bartlett street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., January 15, 1869. Appointed patrolman 
June 18, 1901. 

George L. Miller, residence 99 Portland avenue. Born 
in Lancaster, N. Y., September 19, 1872. Appointed 
patrolman June 18, 1901. 

James Schemerhorn, residence 12 Breck street. Born in 
Montezuma, N. Y., August 10, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
June 20, 1 90 1. 

John M. Leary, residence 65 Almira street. Born in 
Brighton, N. Y., May 18, 1869. Appointed patrolman 
August 3, 1901 ; park officer. 

Rochester, New York 239 

Charles F. Steinmiller, residence 7 Mark street. Born 
in Rochester, N. Y., February 25, 1870. Appointed patrolman 
August 23, 1 901. 

John G. Ries, residence 435 Child street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., March 22, 1873. Appointed patrolman 
August 27, 1901 ; park officer. 

Herman Ludke, residence 262^ Clifford street. Born 
in Grumsdorff, Germany, November 10, 1872. Appointed 
patrolman August 31, 1901 ; park officer. 

Joseph J. McKenna, residence 340 Plymouth avenue. 
Born in Rochester, N. Y., September 9, 1875. Appointed 
patrolman August 31, 1901 ; park officer. 

L,eRoy C. Rector, residence 272 Oak street. Born in 
Penn Yan, Yates county, N. Y., July 21, 1874. Appointed 
patrolman November 18, 1901. 

Adam Apfel, residence 173 Sixth street. Born in 
Rochester, N. Y., September 5, 1855. Appointed patrolman 
March 17, 1902. 

The Police Court 

John H. Chadsey, the police justice, was born at Ballston 
Spa, Saratoga county, March 1, 1845, an< 3 was educated at a 
private school, at the union school in Schenectady and at 
Cooper Institute, New York city. Having enlisted during 
the Civil war in the i32d New York volunteers and being 
rejected on account of his youth, he entered upon the study 
of law, at the age of eighteen, in the office of John Graham, 
at New York, and was admitted to the bar April 26, 1866. 
Having taken up the practice of law in this city a few years 
ago, he was elected to the office of police justice in November, 
1901, for the term of six years. He was married at Penfield, 
Monroe county, December 27, 1871 ; is a member of the 
Baptist church and belongs to the Masonic fraternity and the 
Knights of Pythias ; resides at 335 Lexington avenue. 

Charles B. Bechtold, the clerk of the police court, was 
born at Rochester June 6, 1874 ; was appointed to his present 
position January 1, 1902; was admitted to the bar July n, 
1902 ; resides at 340 Brown street. 

240 History op Police Department 

Roy P. Chadsey was born at Penfield July 10, 1874 ; was 
appointed deputy police court clerk March 6, 1902 ; resides at 
335 Lexington avenue. 

A. Wiedman, the police investigator, was born at 
Rochester November 15, 1865. He was appointed investigator 
March 1, 1902 ; resides at 135 Magnolia street. 

Charles E. Callahan was born at Rochester April 20, 
1879, and educated at the Free academy, graduating in 1898. 
After studying law with Hone & Hone he was appointed 
prosecuting attorney for the police court by Corporation 
Counsel French February 21, 1900, and reappointed by 
Corporation Counsel Sutherland January 1, 1902 ; was 
admitted to the bar March 16, 1902 ; is a member of the 
Immaculate Conception church, the Knights of Columbus 
and the Union club ; resides at 251 Adams street. 

Rochester, New York 


The following schedule will show the location of the 
various members of the department : 













































Captain and Acting Inspector 
























2 2 


Morning officers 


Afternoon officers 

Night officers 









Park officers 


Bicycle officers 



Mounted officers 

Special officers 



Superintendent of Telegraph Bureau. . 

Police operators 






Temporary officers 7 

Park officers 6 

Regular members of the department 193 


Allan, Indian, 9, ir. 

Allen, Francis B., 115 133, 218. 

Antonio, Maurice, murders Pinto, 

Baird, John A , 115, 133, 215. 
Barron, Octavius, murders Lyman, 

72, 76. 
Bertillon system, 193. 
Bradshaw, George, 67, 71. 
Briggs, Charles W., 161. 
Brighton, 14, 32. 
Brown, Bela E., murder of, 181. 
Captains of the watch, 55, 62, 67, 

69, 71, 92. 
Card system, 195. 
Carnahan, George A., 167. 
Carroll, Major Charles, 11. 
Carroll, Mayor, closes the saloons, 

Carthage, 13, 75. 
Cartwright, Dr. R. C, 134, 171, 
Casey, James D., 171. 
Castle Town, 13. 
Census, 17, 24, 32, 37, 52. 
Chadsey, John H., 239. 
Charter, 20, 37, 53, 164. 
Chiefs of police, 92, 93, 19S. 
Child, Mayor, 52, 57. 
City government, first 52. 
City hall built, 124. 
City incorporated, 52. 
City watchmen, 55. 
Civil Service law, 115, 130. 
Civil Service rules, 189. 
Clark, George, mysterious suicide, 

Clark, John, murders Trevor, 125, 
Cleary, Joseph P., 114, 115, 132, 

133, 135, 179. I9L 2I °- 
Coal dealers' conspiracy, 151, 
Coal famine in 1902, 185. 
Commissioner of jurors, 159. 

Commissioners of Public Safety, 

167, I69, 171, 199. 
Constables, first, 19 ; village, 43. 
Coombs, Alexander J., 111. 
Cooper, George G., 108, 147. 
County, formation of, 25, 26 
Court-house, first, 27. 
Court-house, second, 85. 
Court-house, third, 155. 
Cummings, Patrick J., 187. 
Cunningham strike, 127, 
Cutler, James G., 167, 171. 

Dana, Francis, 61, 62. 

Davis, John B., 114, 115. 

Day, Arthur H., murders his wife, 

Deacons, Edward A., murders Mrs. 

Stone, 140. 
DeStaebler, Mrs. Addie, 134, 224 
Dingle, Ethel, tragedy of , 183. 
Directory of 1827, 27, 31, 40, 42. 
Dorthy, John F., general swindler, 

Dresser, Jonathan, 113. 
Duel on Pinnacle hill, 78. 
Dukelow, Thomas, 181. 

Eagle Hotel, 25. 

Eastwood, Martin, trial of, 99. 

Egnor, Clarence, murders a keeper, 

Executions, 76, 78, 88, 103, 118, 
125 141. 

Falls Field tragedies, 99, 1 19. 
Fickett, William S., 179 
Fire, regulations regarding, 41. 
First bridge in Rochester, 16 

" building '' 9. 

" court " 24. 

" house " 13. 

" murder " 72. 

Fitzhugh, Col. William, n. 

Rochester, NewYork . 


Forgery, notable cases of, 35, 137, 

143. 147- 
Foundry strike, 137. 
French, Mrs. Louisa, beaten and 

robbed, 179. 
Fugitive slaves, rendition of, 97. 
Furtherer, Benedict C, 114, 115, 

133, 145. 215. 

Gilman, George A., 169, 171, 206. 
Gommenginger, Louis, murdered 

by Fairbanks, 126. 
Gorham street riot, 139. 
Gould, Mayor, 60, 61. 

Hall, Benjamin F., 67. 
Hall, Capt Basil, narrative of, 43. 
Hardenbrook, John K., trial of, 79. 
Hayden, John C, 133, 134, 143, 

145, 169, 173, 213. 
Hebard, Henry S., 108, 147. 
Heckel, John C, 114. 
Hickey, George, murder of, 183. 
Home for Idle and Truant Children , 

House of Refuge, 84. 
Howe, Jacob, jr., 115. 
Howe, Jacob, sr., 108, 129. 
Howard riot, 121. 
Hubbell park fire, 175. 
Hughes, James, extortion, 148. 
Hulbert, Leslie, divorce lawyer, 

Hyland, Michael, 133, 139. 

Indians, 7, 8, 9, 18, 23. 

Jail, first, 29. 

Jail, second, 49. 

Jail, third, 139. 

Jarrard, Robert, murders Rice, 127. 

Jury commissioner, 159. 

Kearns, Dominick, killed by Chat- 
field, 157. 

Keating, Theresa, murder of, 175. 

Keeney, Elisha J., 71, 95, 125. 

Keith, William, 114, 133, 154. 

Kelly, John, tried for murder, 129. 

Kent, Leland Dorr, convicted of 
manslaughter, 183. 

Knockings, Rochester, 81. 

Know-Nothings, 97. 

Lamp and watch district, 54. 

Lauer, Peter, 113, 133. 

Loos, Nicholas J., 114, 115. 

Lutz, Jacob, murder of, 129. 

Lyman, Rodney, 67. 

Lyman, William, murder of, 72. 

Lynch, Thomas, 113, 133, 144. 

Manley, William, kills O'Neil, 142. 
Marzluff, Ferry, 113, 133. 
Mayors of the city, 198. 
McCormick, Charles E., 113, 114, 

132. 133. 1 5'- 
McDermott, John E., 133, 135, 191, 

McFarlane, Florence, killed by 

Mrs. Youngs, 185. 
McLean, Alexander, 113, 132, 158. 
McQuatters, John C, 177. 
Meagher, William C, 224 
Messner, Franz Joseph, murders 

his wife, 114. 
Miller, John H., kills his son, 147. 
Miller, Louis W., 191, 225. 
Montgomery, David, kills his wife, 

Moore, D. D. T., 108. 
Moore, Emma, disappearance of, 

Moore, S. W. D., 69, 83, 93, 119. 
Morgan abduction, 37. 
Mormon Bible, 49. 
Mudgett, William, 95. 
Murderers' row, 153. 
Neeley, C. F. W., postal embezzler, 

Night watch, 23, 31, 54, 62, 63. 

One-Hundred-Acre tract, 10, 
O'Neil, officer, killed by Manley, 

Operators, telegraph, 225. 
Ordinances, 40, 55, 63, 169, 171. 
Orton, Jonathan T., murdered, 116. 
Oviatt, W. D., 94, 105 

Parsons, Cornelius R., 181. 

Patrolmen, 199, 226. 

Peart, William H, murder of, 159, 

Penitentiary, 89. 

Phelps & Gorham Purchase, 8. 

Pierce, Herbert W., 157. 


History of Police Department 

Pierce, Porter P., disappearance of, 

Pierce, Dr S. A., 134. 
Police Benevolent association, 190. 
" bulletin, 195. 
" captains, 199. 
" clerks, 199. 

commissioners, 108, 199. 
department, its birth, 23 ; it 
gets a chief, 92 ; reorganised, 
Police headquarters, 157. 
" justices, 199. 
" matron, 134. 
" ordinances, 40, 55, 63, 169, 
Police pension fund, 189. 

■' telegraph system, 191. 
Precincts, five, established, 169. 
Pscherhofer, Austrian swindler, 

Pulteney estate, 11. 

Rice, Wallace, murdered, 127. 
Richardson, Alexander, 69, 71. 
Riots, 79, 83, 99, 121, 139, 143. 
Robertson, John B., trial of, 105. 
Rochester, settlement of, 13 ; as a 

village, 19, 20; name changed, 

31 ; growth of, 44 ; as a city, 52. 
Rochester Gazette, 5. 
Rochester, Nathaniel, ir, 13. 
Rochester Telegraph, 5, 31, 33. 
Rodenbeck, Adolph J., 142, 171. 
Rose, Newton, 55. 
Roworth, Joseph S., 113, 133, 135. 
Russ, Herman, 135, 171, 215. 
Ryan, James E., 134, 217. 
Sabbatarianism, 49. 
Sam Patch, 48. 

Schwartz, Samuel, 134, 135, 216. 
Scrantom, Delia, 15. 
Scrantom, Edwin, 13. 
Second-Adventist riot, 79. 
Semi-centennial celebration, 130. 
Settlement of Rochester, 13. 
Sherman, Samuel M., 93, 109, 113. 
Smith, George A., murders his wife, 

Squires, Austin, murders his wife, 


Stapleton, Dr. John A., 169, 171, 

189, 213. 
State Industrial School, 84. 
Stetson, Benjamin L., 135 
Stone, Mrs Alonzo A., murdered, 

Stone, Enos, 15. 
Stone, Isaac W., 17, 44. 
Stoddard, Samuel, killed by Lynch, 

Stout, Ira, murders Littles, 99. 
Strikes, Cunningham, 127; foundry, 

137 ; street laborers, 139; street 

car, 143 ; building trades, 177. 
Sullivan. Patrick H., 11 1, 115. i 22 > 

Swanton, Robert B., 163. 

Thayer, Emory, murder of, 139. 
Tice, Joseph L-, murders his wife, 

Trevor, John, murdered by Clark, 

i 2 5- 
Trustees of the Village, 20, 21, 40, 

TJnderhill, Charles F., insurance 
swindler, 150. 

VanSlyck, AddyW., first chief of 

police, 92. 
Village incorporated, 19, 20. 
'' ordinances, 40. 
police, 33. 

Watch, captain of the, 55, 62, 67, 

69, 71. 
Watch, city, 55. 

" duties of the, 63. 

night, 23, 31, 54. 62, 63. 
Watch-house,. its various locations, 

57. i 2 4. 157- 
Watt, Robert, kills his brother, 

White charter, 164. 
Wolfschlager, Jacob, murders Dem- 

ico, 149. 

Young, Charles, saloon broker, 151. 
Youngs, Mrs. Lulu M., kills Flor 
ence McFarlane, 185. 

Zimmer, Frederick, 115, 161, 
Zimmerman, M. J., 134, 171, 212. 

History of Police Department 

Union Trust Company 



Capital and Surplus $325,000 

Resources - - $3,000,000 










1st Vice President 


- 2d Vice President 



History of Police Department 

Rochester Trust and Safe Deposit Co. 


CAPITAL, - - $200,000 

SURPLUS, - $800,000 

RESOURCES, - - $13,000,000 



Pays 4 Per cent on deposits subject to check without notice 

LOANS on Bond and Mortgages 

LOANS on Approved Collateral 

ISSUES Sight Bills of Exchange on all the principal cities of 

the world. .... . . . 


Largest Trust Company between New York and Chicago 

J. S. BACHE & CO. 


141, 143 & 145 Powers Building 
MAX BRICKNER, Manager Telephone 199 


in all its branches 


Lithographic Co. 


196-200 North Water Street ROCHESTER, N. Y. 

Rochester, New York 




History of Police Department 




Capital - $200,000 

Resources $4,500,000 

If you have funds which are temporarily idle bring them to 
this bank. They will here draw interest at 4 per cent. 

LEWIS P. ROSS. President EDWARD BAUSCH, Vice President 

JOHN CRAIG POWERS, Secretary ALBERTO. FENN. Vice President 

GEO. J. KEYES, Assistant Secretary 


Rochester, New York 



Resources January 1, 1903 
Surplus January 1, 1903 


Money loaned on bond, and mortgage in sums of 
$10, COO and under at 5 per cent Over $10,000 at 

4 1-2 per cent. 

Deposits made on or before the first three bus- 
iness days of any month will draw interest 
from the first day of that month, provided 
they remain in to the end of a quarterly interest 




Monroe County Savings Bank 

33 and 35 State Street 

Officers for 1903 

JAMES E. BOOTH. President 

RUFUS K. DRYER, - Vice President 


DAVID HOYT, Secretary and Treasurer 

WILLIAM B. LEE, Attorney 


George Ellwanger. 
Elias S. Ettenheimer, 
James E. Booth, 
Thomas J. Devine, 
Eugene T. Curtis, 

Marvin A. Culver, 
Cyrus F. Paine, 
William Hamilton, 
Rufus K. Dryer, 
Edward W. Peck, 

Geo. G. Clarkson, 
Henry A. Strong, 
Alexander M. Lindsay, 
William B Lee, 
Pharcellus V. Crittenden. 

History of Police Department 

German American Bank 







Vice President 


2d Vice President 




Assistant Cashier 

Individuals, firms and corporations are offered every 
facility and accommodation consistent with sound banking. 



Office Company's Building Main St. West cor. Irving Place 


Cash Capital ... - $200,000.00 

Reserve for Re-insurance - - 651,903.32 

Reserve for Unpaid Losses and other Liabilities 118,999.76 

Net Surplus - - - ... 491,090.55 

Gross Assets $1,461,993.63 

EUGENE H. SATTERLEE, 1st Vice Prest. H. F. ATWOOD, Secretary 

ALBRECHT VOGT, 2d Vice Prest. J. F. CAMP, Ass't Sec. 

Rochester, New York 



iForo & Cttos 

ffianftcrgs anrj BroftetS 






Oppo.ite Waldorf-Astoria | Ht" I Ulll\ QnAllUn ) 44 Court St.. Brooklyn 

LONG ISLAND OFFICES: Jamaica. Southampton, Babylon. Bayshort, Patchocuc 




Members New York Con. StocK Exchange 

25 BROAD ST., IV. Y. 


Stocks, Bonds, Grain & Cotton Bought and Sold for Cash or on Margin 

Will furnish information on any Stock Market matters of interest to you 


Powers Hotel and 

12 North Fitzhuoh Street 



Eocal Securities a Specialty Ph0 nes 1298 

^paoer & 0erUns 

^embers /^ e to I'orfe Stocft GE t c i) a n g e 

Offices : Representing: 


Local Securities Department 


80embn iR o t Jj e t e t § t c h <B s t % a n b t 

Telephone for New Yorkand Chicago Quotations 1 1 34 Telephone for Rochester Quotations 2509 

History of Police Department 

Hooker, Wyman & Co. 


Established 18S6 

S. Sidney B. Roby, President W. S. Roby, Treasurer 



Blacksmiths' Supplies, Heavy Hardware, 
Bicycle Fittings and Sundries 


Rochester Electric 
Signal Company 




Fire and Police Alarm Apparatus, 
Auxiliary Fire Alarm for Business 
Blocks, Factories, Residences, etc. 

Cities, Towns. Business Blocks 
Factories and Private Residences 
Equipped. Estimates Furnished 

J GEORGE KAELBER, President and Manager 

E. F. HIGGINS, Secretary and Treasurer C. S KELLOGG 

Bell Phone. Main 1092 Office, 107 State Street 

Rochester, New York 

George B. Dresser 





N V E 

S T M 

E N T S 




Private Wire to New York Stock Exchange 



20-22 Trust Building, Exchange St. 

Rochester Phone 91 -Bell 

Local Securities Bought and Sold 







Commission Broker 

C. E. Woodward 


Stocks, Bonds, Grain 



and Provisions 


7-8 E L WOO D 


History of Police Department 

Flour City National Bank 

Capital - • $300,000 Surplus - - $170,000 

WALTER B. DUFFY, President WM. C. BARRY, 1st Vice President 

E. FRANK BREWSTER, 2d Vice Prest. PETER A. VAY. Cashiei 
EDWIN W. BURTON, Assistant Cashier 

Geo. Ellwanger 
John J. L. Friederich 
Jos. T. Ailing" 
Wm. L. Ormrod 

Wm. C. Barry Alexander B. Hone 

Levi Adler 

S. F. Jenkins, Jr. 

Wm. F. Balkam 

Jas. B. Perkins 
R. B. Sherburne 
George L. Eaton 

E Frank Brewster 
Chas. W. Weis 
Walter B. Duffy 



70C0, H. P. IN MOTORS, 6C0 CEIL 


Commission Broker 
116-117-118 Powers Bldg. 



Direct Private Wires 

Both Phones 1547 

Rochester, New York 11 


Capacity 150,000 Barrels 

E. M. UPTON, President W. E. WOODBURY, Vice President 

CHAS H. PALMER, Treasurer 


Made from Distilled Hemlock Water 


TELEPHONES : \ |g^« «& Rochester, N. Y. 

Genesee Fruit Company 

Apple Products 



S.R.&J.C. MOTT MILLS, Bouckville, N. Y 
MILLER & PETTENGILL MILLS, Holley & Clarendon, N. Y 

New YorK Office S. R. MOTT, Jr. 

50 1 West St., Cor. Jane St. Manager of Rochester Mills 

Whitney Elevator 6 Warehouse Co. 

Situated on the N. Y. C. 6 H. R. R. R. and Erie Canal 








Both Phones 65 126 BROWN STREET 

\2 History of Police Department 

M. B. Shnntz. President J. K. Hunt, Vice President 

H. K. Elston, Secretary and Treasurer 

— D I R EOT OR S - — 

J . K . HUNT 

JVl.rj. i3hantz Lompany 


Branch Salesrooms 


Factories and Main Offices 

Rochester, New York 

Rochester, New York 


Tte Smith PremierTypenriter 

is a landmark of every well regulated 
business community. 

THE Smith PrenierTypewriter Co. 

Syracuse. NY U.S.A. 


The Smith Premier Typewriter Co. 


14 History of Police Department 


is required in any part of the work if 
you make pictures in the 


way. Ask your dealer to show the 
Kodak Developing Machine. 


Rochester, New York 



Sold "R.ound the World 

are made by. the oldest and best equipped lens making 
4x5 Plastigmat f-b.8 actual size establishment in America 

5x7 has same size mount 



Are Regular lp Furnished on 
All High Grade Cameras 

When buying your camera this year see that it is. 
equipped with one of our superb lenses, making 
it possible to do every kind of photography, 
and the best photography with one outfit. If your 
camera has a Bausch & Lomb lens or shutter you 
compete for the 

$3,000.00 for Photographs 

which is offered absolutely without reserve to users 
of our lenses and shutters Send for Booklet. 
Catalog of Prism Field Glasses, Microscopes, Project- 
ion Lanterns on request. 


25th St. and Broadway 

120 Boylston St. 

Wabash and Monroe Sis. 

16 History of Police Department 

g>tantiarti ©tl Co. of Jleto ©orfe 

rochester department 
618 Granite Building 

petroleum J^rotiutts 


Pacuum Oil Co'£ ^lubricating £>il£ 

Illuminating ©tls 




Rochester, New York 17 


Manufacturers of 

Main Offices 



Branch Offices and Distributing Warehouses 
in All the Principal Cities of the World. 

1 8 

History of Police Department 


M. D. Knowlton 
F. H. Beach 



Rochester, New York 

C. T. Ham Mfg. Co. 


Tubular Lanterns and Lamps 
of every description, also 
Railroad Lanterns and 
Lamps of all kinds 

Rochester, New York 

20 History op Police Department 



Rochester, New York 

Prompt, Courteous and Unlimited 

service at reasonable rates make a 
" ROCHESTER " Telephone as desirable, 
convenient and necessary as a clock. Call 
up and let us tell you about 

Rochester Telephone Co. 


Rochester, New York 

J. N. BECKLEY, President CHARLES HANSEL. V. P. snd G. M. 

Pneumatic Signal Co. 



Manual and Power 

Interlocking and Block 


See Grand Central Station . N ew York, for the most approved example 
of Power Interlocking, all Switches and Signals being operated 
by the low pressure pneumatic system owned by this company. 


Address, New York Office, 1122-3 Broad — Exchange Building 


Or Chicago Office, 1032-33 Monadnock Block 

Cable Address. Lopressure, New York 

With a BELL Telephone in 
Your House 

You can talk instantaneously to anybody in any 
direction, within a radius of 1500 MILES 

No other system gives a similar ser\ice 
It beats the mail and telegraph to a standstill 


Chase Exchange — Goodman Street and Park Avenue 

The Blue Sign and 
the Blue Bell Everywhere 

History of Police Department 




Ranges in the 
American Market 

Manufactured by 

Foundry Co. 






Lyell Avenue near City Line 

P. A. CLUM & CO. 

Brass Founders 
and Manufacturers 


%9 Range 

What the old cook said when 

she was discharged : 

"Well, Miss Sally, I don't 

mind dis gittin' fired, but I 

DOES hate to leave dat lovely 



Rochester, New York 

The Pfaudler Co. 

C. C. Puffer, President 
E. G. Miner, Jr., Vice-President 
W. G. Markham. Sec'y andTreasurer 
W. D. Pheteplace, Assistant Sec'y 

D. O. Paige. Manager Detroit Branch 

I London Paris Stockholm 




126 Cutler Building, Rochester, N. Y., U. S. A. 



London Office 

370 Birbeck Bank Chambers 
Holborn. W. C. 
Cable " Yonpuf " 


Rochester, N. Y., and Detroit. Mich. 

New York Office 

Room 55. Fifth Floor 

22 Whitehall and 12 Bridge Sts. 

Telephone 3546 Broad 

Detroit Office 

67-99 Fort Street. East 
Telephone Main 3455 

Otis Elevator 


Rochester, N. Y. 

F. B. GRAVES, Local Manager 

Hydraulic, Steam and Electric Elevators 
Steam and Electric Hoisting Engines 

History of Police Department 

i ■ ■ vMtmt+t, ■,.. 

From Daguerre 
to the 


Lvery camera improvement since the day 

of Daguerre; every idea that has increased 

"<£^^ *!5<Kfr tIle ,lccurac >' an d efficiency of picture taking, 

S-^*ag > --A-f»-->>" has been crystalized and perfected in the Premo 

y* ^ Supreme. The highest type of camera modern 

science can produce, and a worthy representative of 

the famous line of Premos. Fully described and pictured in the Premo 

book for 1902. An authority on all the requisites of Photography. To 

be had at the dealers, or 

sent free by mail. 

Graf=Comppen Company 

Manufacturers of 


Photo Supplies 

and Focal 
Plane Shutters 


Good pictures 


I Petite Century 


A N.- 
Kiual f 

blnntlon Camera mln^r with l'lnl<<» nuil Cnrtrlilicii Hull Him. 
s. Small enouili fertile pocket, Fitted 

11 Lens, Automatli Sluilter, Adjustable 

""' Pinion, Focusing Sere I u 

'Btures, Prlov, Slti.GO. Ask youl dealer 



Rochester, N. Y. 

Century Camera st 

Rochester. New York 






The best Cameras in the Worli are made in Rochester 
The best Picture at the Recent Mechanic's Institute 
Fhotographic Exhibition was made with a 


the best Camera that the Camera City has to offer 
Send for catalogue 


AXDRSW WOLLENSAK. President ft". C. GORTOX. Vice President and 7"hr.?sa»vr 

J- C. UV.LiaV5.4A". SKrttjry 

WollensaK Optical Co. 



280 Central Avenue 

Rochester, New YorR 

Defender Photo Supply Co 


Manufacturers. Importers and Dealers in 

Photographic Papers 


Branch Offices 

New York Philadelphia 

Chicago St. Louis San Francisco 

26 History of Police Department 


OILS and VARNISHES at a Great 
Reduction of Price. 


96 State St. 69=71=73 Main St. East 

Both Phones 


PHILIP H. YAWMAN. Pres. GASTAV ERBE, Trbas. & Gen'l Mgr. 


CARL F. LOMB, Sec'y. M0R1TZ W1ESNER, Soft. 

Yawman <S Erbe 
Manufacturing Co. 

"■"■—■ "^ ' Highest Grade — — — — ■ 

Office Filing Devices 

Branches : New York. Chicago, San Francisco. Philadelphia. Boston, 
Cleveland. Washington, St. Louis, Pittsburg, Toronto and Montreal 

Factories and Executive Offices 

340=350 St. Paul Street, Rochester, N. Y. 

Rochester, New York 


Modern Laundry Machinery 







History op Police Department 


Makers of Ladies', Misses' and Children's Fine Shoes 

The Model Factory 
of the World 

5000 Pairs Per Day 




E,. P. R.eed <S Co. Chicago Branch 147 Fifth Avenue 

SHOEMAKERS FOR WOMEN San Francisco Branch. 523 Market Street 

_, _ . , . . — , . _ , New York Office, Alexander Buildin? 

Shoes Carried in Stock at our Factory ' ^^<*mugi uuuuing 

FACTORY, ROCHESTER. NEW YORK 19 th Street and 6th Avenue 

Rochester, New York 


D. Armstrong «S Co. 

Manufacturers of 

Women's Boots and 
Low Shoes 


Fred S. Todd. Pres. Geo. F. Nier, Vies Pres. 

Geo. Clark, Secy, and Treas. 

Todd, Bancroft 6 Co, 


Manufacturers of ' 




History of Police Department 

J W. Jenkins. Pres. Geo. E. Woodcock, 1st Vice-Pres. 

F. A. Sherwood, Treas. Chas. 0. Fox, 2d Vice-Pres. 

J. W. Jenkins Co. 




Wright, Peters <S Co. 



203 = 205-207 MILL STREET 


Venor <S Montgomery 



John Heckel 


Patented Turn Shanks 
and Heels 

125 and 127 N. Water Street 

Rochester, New York 

Long Distance Telephone 536 Main 

Rochester Baby Shoe Co. 

Manufacturers of 




High-Grade Custom Tailoring 

St. Paul, Cor. Andrews Street 

Established 1860 

Bell Phone 2629-L Mail Address, Cor. St. Paul and Avenue D. 

Herman Simon 

Wholesale Dealer in 

Upper Leather Remnants 

Wareroom, 59-61 Exchange Street 

Dayton, Ohio, U. S. A. 

PRICES : $25.00 TO $575.00 
T. J. WATSON, Sales Agent, 23 South St. Paul St. 

Established 1878 Both Phones 


: : : Soda and : : : 
Mineral Waters 

Carbonated Lithia Waters 
Fountain Charging 80-82 Lowell St. 

;: History of Police Department 

Buffalo, Rochester & 
Pittsburgh Railway 

Operating Through Vestibuled Trains Between 



Equipped with Pullman Sleepers, Handsome Day 
Coaches, Cafe and Reclining Chair Cars : : : : 


General Superintendent General Passenger Agent 

L. W. ROBINSON, President GEO. L. EATON, Secretary 

GEO. H. CLUNE, Treasurer 

The Rochester & Pittsburgh 
Coal & Iron Co. 

Miners of Bituminous Coal and Manufacturers of Coke 

Sole Agents for the sale of the Jefferson & Clearfield Coal & Iron Co's 


Controlling the Reynoldsville Coal Regions — Daily capacity, 25,000 tons Coal, 105 cars Coke 

Operating the following mines : Adrian, Beechtree, Eleanora, Florence, 
Hamilton, Helvetia, Henry, London, Maplewood, Pancoast, Rochester, 
Sandy Lick, Sherwood, Soldier Run, Virginia, Walston :::::::; 


SHIPPING WHARVES-New York Harbor, Philadelphia, Buffalo 
and Charlotte, N. Y. 


General Agent for Buffalo and Canada Sales Agent for the Seaboard 

Buffalo, N. Y. 1 Broadway, New York City 

General Office, ROCHESTER, N. Y. 

History of Police Department 

Bicycle Policemen Everywhere 


Hanover Bicycle Tires 


Ask your dealer for them. 

THE E. H. HALL CO., (Inc.) 

Sole Distributors to the Trade for United States and Canada 
17 Elm St., Rochester, N. Y., U. S. A. 


Something New Every Month 

High Grade 
Sheet Metal Ware 



Originators of Concentrated True Fruit Syrups, Flavoring Extracts, 
Shrub, and the famous Pan=American Orangeade, 

over one million glasses of which were sold at the Pan-American 

Largest, finest and most complete plant for the manufacture of 
Soda Fountain Requisites in the world. 

J. Hungerford Smith Co. 



History of Police Department 

Machine Co. 


N. Y. 


Wooden Box 

No. 3 Nailing Machine 

Estes Manufacturing Co. 


Power Transmission Equipments 




The Best Equipped Engineering Department in the country. 
First-class Millwrights and Experts in every line of power transmission. 

WE CAN GIVE YOU ( If you are going to build. 
VALUABLE I If you are going to increase. 


If you are going to make any changes. 


Telephones 978 


Send for Catalogue 

Rochester, New York 35 

Copeland <S Durgin Co. 


Extension Tables, Dining Room Suites 
Lounges, Chairs, Etc. 


W. A. Hubbard, Jr., Pres. and Treas. L. D. Eldredge, Vice-Prest. 

Fred S. Miller, Sec'y. 


Fancy Rockers and Chairs 

F. R. Stockley, Prest. C. M. Shultz. Vice-Prest. J. M. Shultz, Secy, and Treas. 

G. F. Barton, Chief Engineer and Manager 

Rochester Bridge <S 
Construction Co. 


Bridges and Structural Work 

Main Offices: Granite Building, ROCHESTER, N. Y. 


History of Police Department 



Carriages and Sleighs 

The Faber 




Racing Wagons and 

Jogging Carts 

12-14-16 ELY STREET 

James Cunningham, 
Son & Co. 

Carriage and Hearse Builders 

Rochester, N. Y., U. S. A. 

Genesee Tack Co 

Manufacturers of 



Rochester, New York 


Max Lowenthal Louis Lowenthal 

Harry M. Lowenthal Eugene M. Lowenthal 

Knitting Works 

Established 1868 
Max Lowenthal & Brother 


Infants' Vests and Bands, 
Children's Underwear, 
Mittens. Golf Gloves. Leg- 
gings. Equestrian Tights. 

422-446 Clinton Ave. S. 



Henry Likly & Co. 


is known wherever the foot of man has trod ; and 
wherever known admired for its up-to-dateness and 
excellence of construction. The lone traveler, the happy 
man on his wedding trip, and the family leaving together 
on a journey of rest and recreation, have alike much 
to gain by selecting their baggage here, where their 
wants are so well understood. 

Men's Trunks 
Steamer Trunks 

Wardrobe Trunks 
Hand Bags 

Women's Trunks 
Suit Cases 
Bellows Valises 

Retail Store : 155 Main Street East 


History of Police Department 

Premium Tobacco Works 

Established 1338 




Not made by the Trust 
Made in Rochester, N. Y. 

Compliments of 

Wm, S. Kimball & Co. Branch 

The American Tobacco Co. 

Empire moulding Works 

Frank S. Newell, President 


Picture Frames, Mouldings 

New York, 13-15 W. 28th Street 

Rochester, New York 

The Phelps & Lyddon Co. 

Piano Cases and Backs 


John Hofman Co. 


Show Cases, Store and Office Fixtures 


Try the 





Co mforl able 


"Give Perfect EvcvGlass Comfbrt 

before you invest again, please investigate 

The New 


Our frse descriptive booklet or a call 
will prove to you that you are not 
good to your eyes without them. 


- 29-30 Triangle Bldg. ^^== 
Cor. East Avenue an J Main Street E. 


History of Police Department 




Wholesale Grower 


'We ship nothing inferior.. We seek the trade 
of people who know it pays to plant best varie- 
ties, bred from sound stock, shipped in right 
condition. Write for free catalogue. 
ALLEN L. WOOD, Rochester, N. Y. 



of Poppies 

Send for a copy of our Garden 
and Floral Guide. Mailed free. 

James Vick Sons 

Rochester, N. Y. 

Complete Stock of European and Japanese Decorative Plants 

Over 1000 Varieties of Roses. Shrubs, Ornamental and Fruit Trees 

We Landscape and Plant Private Estates 


Established 1866 


Emerson S. Mayo, Propr. 

Growers, Importers and Retailers 




Vick & Hill Co. 


Azaleas, Palms, Boston Ferns, Roses, Flowering Shrubs, Etc. 

Greenhouses at BARNARDS, N. Y. 

Rochester, New York 



Importers, Growers, Wholesale and Retail 


Flowering. Bedding and Vegetable Plants, 
Poultry Supplies, Garden Tools, Holiday 
Green, Gold Fish, Aquariums, Etc. 

Retail Store, 275 Main Street East 

Wholesale Office, Seed House and Green Houses 
503 Monroe Ave. — Electric cars pass the door. 

Both Phones 

Rochester, N. Y. 

Wholesale Field Seeds and Fertilizers 

Office ParR Ave., Cor. Rowley St. 
Rochester, N. Y. 


Fruit and Ornamental. 



Hardy Plants 

All the Best and Hardiest Varieties. 

largest Collections in America. 

Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue 

FREE on Request. 


Nurserymen -- Horticulturists. 

Rochester, N.Y. 

Established 1340. Mention this paper. 

History of Police Department 

The Lehigh Valley Coal Co. 


Anthracite Coal 

Office, 308 = 309 Wilder "Building 

Telephone No. 108 

YARDS and TRESTLES, Crouch's Island, South Avenue and Mt. Hope Avenue 
Rochester and Bell Telephones No. 1 129 

J. H. HORTON. General Northern Sales Agent 

Millspaugh & Green 

100 pounds in a bag. 20 bags to a ton. 

Office. 9 State St. Yard. Exchange St., Cor. Clarissa 

C. S. Kellogg. Manager 

'PHONES 273 

Lehigh Valley 

Office, 392 Clinton Avenue South, Cor. Griffith 

"Both Phones. 764 

Rochester, New York 



Delaware, Lackawanna 
& Western R„ R. Go's 


Scran ton Coal 

Ask your dealer for it 

The Yates Coal Company 

Coal and Coke 

General Office, 1st Floor Elwood Bldg. 

Theo. C Engert 
Henry N. Schlick 

H. N. Schlick 
& Co. 



Office and Yard 


Next to N.Y.C. Railroad 

Telephone 382 

Geo. Engert & Co. 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 



No. 306 Exchange Street 

44 History of Police Department 


Ladies' Clothing and Milllinery. Also Gents Cash 

Clothing". Furniture and Household 

Specialties. Sewing Machines. 1900 

Washers— Free Trial Credit 

Clothes Wringers and Carpet Sweepers repaired. 

167-169 Clinton Avenue North 

The Desire for 
Dress Clothes 

is constantly on the increase. We are in a position to 
cater to this business, as we carry a full line of L. Adler 
Bros. & Cos Evening Dress, Tuxedo and Prince Albert 
Suits. These are made in a great variety of sizes, so that 
we are able to give a satisfactory fit in all cases. 



Typewriter Supplies 

Rochester, N. Y. 

The Rochester News Company 

Newsdealers, Stationers 
Booksellers and Ci^ar Dealers 

Agents for all important publications, American and foreign. 

Stationery and cigars at manufacturers' prices. Commercial and office stationery 

a specialty. 
Branches in ail large cities in the United States ; also in Montreal and Toronto, 

Can.; London, Eng.; Leipzig, Germany; Paris, France. 


Rochester. New York 


C. D. Van Zandt 

Wm. R. Bafnum 

The Paine Dru|| Co. 

Surgical Instruments, Physicians' Supplies 


A!l goods at the lowest cut prices consistent with quality 

Blauw & Brickner Drug Co. 

Wholesale Druggists 

Establishes) ISc4 

Rochester Bill Posting* Co. 


on Protected Hoardings. 

from House to House. 

of all kinds. 

Manufacturers of "STANDARD" STEAM 
PASTE. By the Barrel or Measure. 

Publishers of the LYCEUM THEATRE 

19-21 Mill Street 

40 History of Police Department 

The R. C. I. 

We cordially invite 
the public to inspect ' 
our institution : : : : : 

C. D. Wilson, President .- .- — — -- A. L. Fischer, Secretary 

This is a Modern, Practical Institution 

Those who wish to become perfectly qualified to conduct business for 
themselves or take positions as Bookkeepers, Stenographers, Confiden- 
tial Secretaries, Court Reporters, Office Assistants, etc., can find no 
better place to meet their special requirements. 

^iimmpr nnrt Nicrhf Srhnnl« In order *° take advantage of our special rates we 

summer anu ixigm otnooib would advise all Ihose interested t0 enro n aton ce, 

before we close our classes. 1 — Expert individual instruction in every subject. 2 The rooms 
cover several thousand square feet, have all sanitary conditions, are well lighted, well aired, and 
comfortable in the hottest weather. 3 - System of Stenography Graham's Standard Phonography. 
4— Typewriting Machines— Smith-Premier and Remington. 5— Full correspondence invited. 

We thoroughly believe, without a single exception, we can better fit you for 
a business education than any other institution of the kind in Rochester. 

Rochester Commercial Institute 

Offices : 74-75-76-77-78-79-80 Exchange Place Bldg. 
Home Phone 4543 16 STATE STREET Bell Phone 610 Main 

Electro Surgical Instrument Co. 

Manufacturers of 

Electrically-Lighted Surgical Instruments 

Storage Batteries, Cauteries, Etc. 



Commercial Correspondence Schools 


Rochester, New York 


Turner's Inflammacine 


Inflammation, Lameness and Burns. Sure Cure Every Time 

EDWIN B. TURNER CO.. Rochester, N. Y., or of the druggist. 

Rochester Dyeing Co. 

H. LEACH, Proprietor 


75 Main Street East 

Goods Called For and Delivered. 
Works— 79-8 1 Stone St. Phones - Bell 2 1 69 ; Heme 965 

James Fee 

Established 1864 

John C. Fee 

Fee Brothers Co. 

Importers, Distillers and Jobbers in 

Fine Wines and Liquors 

21-23-25-27 N. Water Street 

The Largest Wine and Liquor House in America. 

Dining Rooms Upstairs for Large and Small Parties. OPEN SUNDAYS 

^ T T/^~> T~> T T?0 Ladies' and Gentlemen's 

jUuKU O restaurant 

OPEN FROM 6 A. M. TO 1 A. M. 

We serve our Famous 25c. Meals on Ground Floor 

Table, d'hote Dinners from 5 to 12 p. m., 50c. 
Order Cooking at All Hours. 

Rear Entrance Pindle Place 53-55 STATE STREET 

E. B. Sintzenich 

Mechanical Engineer 

267 South Ave. 

<jf Steam Fire Engines, Yacht, Tug 
and Canal Boat Engines and Boilers 
made and repaired. 
*il Patent Balance Slide Valve and 
Thrust Bearing. 



And Compressed Air 
Carpet Cleaning Works 


The only up-to-date Renovating Works in 

4 s History of Police Department 

Marine and Stationary Gas Engines 

Launches, Rowhoats, Canoes and Boat Fittings 

Catalogue on Request — 

The Genesee Launch and Power Co. 

Between Exchange and Fitzhugh Streets, on Erie Canal 


Builders of MARINE and STATIONARY 

Gas and Gasoline Engines and Launches 

Complete Launchas. lb :j 18 foot in stock. Engines 1 to IS horss powar. 

Factory and Show Rooms 

lAlJr^p§^ r (aF\0CERs' 

Deininger Bros. 

Manufacturers of 

Superior Crackers 

and Biscuits 


Rochester, New York 


Michaels, Stern & Co. 

Manufacturers of 

Men's, Youths' and Boys' Clothing 


New York Salesroom— 754-758 Broadway, cor. 8th St. 
Chicago Salesrooms — Medinah Temple, Room, 415 and 240 Franklin St. 

Smith, Bier & Gormly 

Wholesalers only of 

Dry Goods, Notions, Men's Furnishings 

37 and 39 St. Paul Street 


Builders' Fine Hardware, Mechanics' and 
Contractors' Tools 

Superior Warranted Cutlery, comprising Pocket Knives, 
Razors, Shears, Carvers, Table Knives, Etc. 


ticftep & ifteetnan Co, 

S^anufacturing: Clot&tatf 



DETROIT. Mich., 154 Woodward Ave., Herman Kern, Representative 

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., 28-30 S. Ionia St , William Connor Co., Representative 

BOSTON, Mass., 597 Washington St., E. A. Hemenway, Representative 


History of Police Department 


\7&»> < *\^ 

Eagle Brand 



We import our own Teas and Dry Roast 
our Coffees ::::::"::::: 

George C. Buell & Co. 

Rochester, N. Y. and Auburn N. Y. 

Dake Drug Co. 



219 and 221 Main Street East, Corner Clinton Avenue 

F. H. Clement. Pres. J. E. McKelvey. Treas G. C. Southard, Sec. 

Machinery Castings a Specialty 


Telephone 543 

Rochester, N>w York 

Established 1843 

Field Co. 

Awnings, Tents 
Hags, Hammocks 

41 ■ 43 Exchange Street 
Rochester, N. Y. 

Charles S. Gibbs 

Fine Harness, Horse Boots, Stable Supplies 

Everything for the Horse 

Phone 1387 159 STATE STREET 

Powers Building Grocery 





Wholesale and Retail -Dealers in 


= Buffalo Gluten Feed = 

Telephone 981 



Electric Feed Mill 

Re-cleaned Oats— our Specialty 


Both phones 204 Troup Street 

History of Police Department 

Frank Ritter, President and Treasurer C. W. Fertig, Vice-President 

L. Ritter, Secretary 

The Ritter 
Dental Manufacturing Co. 


563=565 St. Paul Street Rochester, N. Y. 

Ropelt 6 Sons Piano Co. 

Manufacturers of 


Office and Factory, Cor. Lyell Ave. and Whitney Street 


The Schlegel Mfg. Co. 

Manufacturers of 


Schaefer <S Klein 

Successors to HENRY A. SCHAEFER 
Manufacturers of 

Coach Lace, Canopy Fringe, Carriage, 
Hearse and Casket Trimmings 


Rochester, New York 






Brand of Carvers', Carpenters', Coopers' and Pump Makers' 

Edge Tools, Machine Knives, Etc. 

Rochester, New York 

Factory and Office 
18 Brown's Race, foot of Piatt Street 

Established 1842 

Henry Wray 6 Son 

Brass Founders 

195 Mill Street 


Babbitt Metal Constantly on Hand 




All kinds of Repairing Neatly Done 
Repairs for the Woodbury & Booth Boilers a Specialty 
Dealers in Grates, Boiler Castings and Packing 

Telephone 1227 

175 Mill Street 

Established 1856 

Incorporated 1891 

Louis Ernst <S Sons 



L E R Y 


129-131 Main Street East 

Rochester, N. Y. 

54 History of Police Department 

Whitmore, Rauber & Vicinus 



Office and Yards 

279 South Avenue, Rochester, New York 

Dealers in all kinds of Cut Stone (Steam Stone Saw Mill), Flag Walks 
and Portland Cement Walks, Street and Sewer Contracting. 

Sole Agents for Genesee, Portland, Buffalo Cement and Kings Windsor Plaster 


Rochester, New York 

Works : Wayland, New York 

Rochester German Brick and 
Tile Company 

Manufacturers of 

Brick, Fire Proof Material, Drain Tile 

279 South Avenue, Rochester, N. Y. 

Works on Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburg Railway, at Brooks Avenue 

Rochester, New York 55 


H. B. Hooker & Son 

915 & 917 Wilder Building 

Rochester Phone 4321 Bell Phone 3200 Main 

H. H. Edgerton 

Contractor and Builder 

P. O. Address, Builders' Exchange 
Residence, 30 S. Goodman Street 

Home Phone 793 Home Phone 1490 House 



Office, 53 Triangle Building 
Residence, 202 Parsells Avenue 

Jobbing of all kinds given prompt attention. 

Estimates cheerfully furnished Houses for sale and to rent. 

Stephen Zielinski 

Carpenter and Contractor 


Also Lumber Dealer 
Rochester Phone 2603 513 Hudson Avenue 

56 History of Police Department 

Prest. F. C. Lauer Vice-Prest. N. L. Brayer Secy. Wm. M. Albaugh 

Treas. Geo. W. Archer Supt. John C. Miller 


Rochester Vulcanite 
Pavement Co. 

Office at Works 

Alexander Street, corner Erie Canal 

Will bid for Contracts Street Asphaltic Paving 

Some of the streets paved by this Home Company : Main Street West, Adams, 
Frank, Clinton Avenue South, Lyell Avenue, St. Paul, Oxford, Delevan, 
Chatham, Vine, Scrantom. Etc. 

F. C. Lauer, President Porter May, Secretary 

Rochester Lime Company 

Manufacturers of and Dealers in 

Choice White Lime 

Portland Cement, Plaster Paris, Plastering Hair, 

Fire Clay, Rockaway Sand, Standard Cement Co's 




Dealers in Block Powder, Dynamite Caps, Electric Exploders, 

Batteries, Fuse, Etc., Etc. 


Rochester, New York 57 

N. L. Brayer, W. M. Albaugh, 

828 Jay Street 90 S. Fitzhugh Street 

draper 51 &H)augj) 

General Contractors 

^eabp 9®a&oniy a Sipmaltp 

Box 37 Builder's Exchange 

F. C. Lauer S. W. Hagaman 

Hauer & ^agamart 

Street pettier Contractors 


Sole Dealers in tfje EenotoneB CarterBtrille TBuilBina SanB 

Office and Yard, 458 Clinton Ave. South Telephones 614 A 

treet anti £>etoer 



Street IRe fer ences 


2Df fice at BeniSence, 47 Satoma Street SMepfcone 2542 

58 History of Police Department 



Before purchasing anything in the line of Lumber 
IT WILL PAY YOU to get our prices and look at the 

=Good Grades - — 



Either Telephone No. 238 

Genesee Lumber Co. 


C H. Crouch, Pres. H. H. Turner, Vice-Pres. 

C. C. Beahan, Secy, and Treas. 






Rochester, New Yor« 59 


Wholesale and Retail Manufacturers 

Doors, Sash, Blinds and Mouldings 



Telephones 742 

Union Street and N. Y. C. R. R. 

Vogel & Binder Co 






and general jobbing 
707 Clinton Avenue South 






Office and Factory 



Bell 'Phone 305 Main 62 State St. 

Incorporated 1858 

W. Stuart Smith, Dist. Manager 

Warren Chemical and Manufacturing Co. 



Telephone 825 

145 Main Street West 

60 History of Police Department 

Phelps & Fletcher 

N o. 256 Allen Street 

Both Phones 720 

Granger A. Hollister. Prest. H. C. Durand, Treas. 

Geo. C. Hollister, Vice-Prest. F. S. Gould. Sec'y. 

Hollister Lumber Co., Ltd. 


Pine and Hardwood Lumber and Coal 

Office and Yard : 316 NO. GOODMAN STREET 

Telephone No. 63 


Manufacturers of Packing Cases 
Lock Corner Boxes a Specialty 


Corner Piatt and Warehouse Streets 


E. A. Comstock & Co. 


1030 Main Street East 

Rochester, New York 


F . A . Brotsch 

Builder and General Contractor 

Streets, Sewers and Bridges 

Office : 16 Triangle Building Yard : 826 Clinton Ave. South 


Rochester Tel. 1365 

F. C. MALLING, Treas. 
Bell Tel. 1246 M. 


Wholesale and Retail Dealers in All Kinds of 


Shed Capacity 1,000,0C0 feet Manufactured Lumber 

62 PORTLAND AVENUE Formerly North Avenue 


Lumber Office : Main St. E., cor. Goodman 

Telephone 1146, Bell 

Telephone 2642, Rochester 


: — -. — — Dealer in ... - 


White Pine, Yellow Pine, Hem 
lock, Oak. Poplar and Other 
Hardwoods. Shingles, Lath 
and Posts. Anthracite and 
Bituminous COAL 

Offices and Yards : 
691 Exchange St. 826 Clinton Ave. South 
Roch es ter Te 1 e ph on e 1878A 

Leon H. Lempert 
& Son 


Rochester, New York 

Architects for the Empire, National, 

Original Cooks, Baker and 

Lyceum, Rochester 

36 Others in New York State 

50 In Other States 

John J. Grauwiller 



Aqueduct and Basin Streets 


Carpenter and Builder 

Store and Office Fixtures 
Jobbing Promptly Done 

Residence, 56 Sullivan Street 

Lots For Sale 
Money Furnished to Build 

Bell Telephone 2528 

History of Police Department 

Welsbach Burners and Mantles 

Roch. Phone 2687 
Bell Phone 1776Y 

Piping and Jobbing, Gas Logs 

In case of trouble to your Chandeliers 
or Gas Fixtures call up 


119 North Water St. Rochester, N. Y. 

Formerly with Samuel Sloan & Co. 
Gas Chandeliers d Fixtures Furnished 

25 Years Experience Refinishing and Repairing a Specialty 

Contractor for Electroliers in New Masonic Temple 

Fred Fish <S M. S. Horton 

Electrical Engineers and Contractors 
123 Mill Street Telephones 951 


High Grade Work 

Right Prices 

Clarence Wheeler, Pres. 

Thos. H. Green, Vice Pres. 

Whiting J. Da Lee, Treas. 

R. A. Copeland, Sec'y 

Re-winding of Armatures 
Coils and Transformers 
Making, Re-filling and 
Turning Commutators 

Wheeler = Green 
Electric Company 

Local representatives of the 

General Electric Company 

Electrical Supplies of all 
kinds Constantly in Stock 

22=26 North Water Street 

Special attention given to 
Wiring and Contract Work 
of all kinds 

Roch. Phone 3333 Bell Phone 29 I 2 Main 



8 East Ave. 343 Main Street East 


Phones : 
Rochester 3682 Bell 1996 Main 

Rochester, New York 63 



.^~ »/r ■ o 1- Home Phone 3893 

485 Main Street East Bell 207 R Main 

Wm. J. Metzoer Albert Brayer 

Metzger & Brayer 





Manufacturers o-f 

Trotter Dry Air Refrigeraters 


Apex and Corsican Bicycles 

Manufactured by Apex Wheel Company, Rochester, New York 

A. M. ZIMBRICH, Agent 



^Manufacturer of= 






History of Police Department 

H. W. Peck, Pres. 

R. H. Gorsline, Vice-Pres. 

J. E. Maher, Sec. 
Geo. L. Swan, Treas 

New York State Sewer Pipe Co. 

-Manufacturers of 


Office : 43 Insurance Building 

Mathias Kondolf, Pres. E. W. Peck, Vice-Pres. and Treas. F. H. Snyder, Sec. 

Standard Sewer Pipe Company 

-Manufacturers of ■ 

Rochester Salt Glazed, Vetrified, Drain and Sewer Pipe 
Conduct Pipe for Electric Wires 


No Other System will do this 

Cards filed alphabetically and according to date 
at the SAME TIME in the SAME TRAY. 
This handsome desk tray made of oak, polished 
with adjustable following block, 200 machine 
ruled cards, one set of alphabetical guides, 50 
Vetter's patent steel pointers all for 75 cents. 

Vetter Desk Works 


Wm. S. Mandeville 

Frank E. Shepard 

Rochester Lead Works 

Dealers in Pig Lead, Pig Tin, Antimony, etc. 

Manufacturers o f - 


380 and 382 Exchange Street 

Established 1848 


Manufacturers of 


Dealers in 

Rubber and Cotton Belting, Lace Leather, etc. Agent for Reeves' Pulley 


Rochester, New York 65 

Trade "QUALITY" Mark "It is Quality that Counts" 

£kuaiitp Manufacturing Co* 

Housefjoto Harltoare 


Carlton jffllamrfacturtng Co- 


fl@ect)antcal jRotoelties anti £>ffice 


Charles ilrtogeforo 


Rochester and Bell Telephone 699 225-227 Mill Street 


C. 3- i&aimer Co. 

i&utHrer of iflJlacfntterp 


Both 'Phones No. 1051 220 Mill Street, cor. Furnace 

€r0le & Srfjmcfc 


Afreet petals 


3fame£ ifitt & Co. 

Special Facilities for all kinds of 

Automobile l&epairing 

general machine jobbing and 
makers of special and exper- 
imental machinery 

Rochester 'Phone 106 

2821 Commercial Street 

66 History of Police Department 



Office, 251 Lexington Avenue 


D. E. CLAIR, Rochester, New York 

Both Telephones Prompt Delivery 

Parsons Sanitary Ice Co. 



Absolutely Pure Well Water 


The Board of Health has analyzed the water and pronounced it Absolutely Pure 






, Whips and Horse 

Furnishing Goods 


Neatly and Promptly Done 

425J Lyel! Avenue 


Cayuga Lake Ice 

129 Bay Street 

Rochester 'Phone 3076 

L. C. Piper, President J. J. Karle, Treasurer L. A. Schlitzer, Secretary 
Incorporated 1893 

Caledonia Springs Ice Co. 



Our Lake is filled by the celebrated Caledonia Springs 
205 Troup Street Rochester 'Phone 985 

Rochester, New York 67 


Silver La%e Ice 


F. W. Yates, President rpit ) r-nr 

Geo. L. Eaton, Treasurer HOME f TELEPHONE No. 585 

W. R. Blackman, Superintendent 

Established 1879 Telephone 651 

Karle Lithographic Co. 


280 = 286 Central Avenue cor. Chatham Street 



Trucks and Shoe Tracks 


Charles C. West 

Successor to Heacock & West 



281 North Union Street Both 'Phones 999 

North of N. Y. C. & H. R. R. R. 

Rochester 'Phone 3851 Bell 'Phone 3201 R 

John W. Vogt & Co, 


Sample Cases 

24 North Water Street Specialty: — Repairing Sample Trunks and Cases 

68 History of Police Department 


Paper Boxes 




Paper Boxes 

Telephone 630 59 North Street 



Paper Boxes, Charlotte-Russe Cups 

Rochester 'Phone 2476 46-48 Stone Street 

Jacob S. Sauer John G. Deer 

The S-K Cigar Box Co. 




No. 2 River Street Rochester, New York 

American Paper Box Factory 


Paper Boxes of Every Description 


C. L. Sachs Over 195, 197 and 199 State Street, first floor, room 40 

Rochester, New York 69 

Paper Boxes 

Mill and Commercial Sts. 






Fine Paper Boxes 

53 and 55 Piatt Street 

70 History of Police Department 




Watches, Diamonds .^ Silverware 

? 244 MAIN ST., EAST. 

wmtcomb house. nochesteii JKY? 

Henry Oemisch 


Diamonds and Other Precious Stones 


Triangle Building, corner of East Ave, and Main Street 

Wm. Miller S. L. Ettenheimer J. Miller 

Diamonds, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silverware 




Diamonds and Fine Watches 

Imported Plates, Sterling Silver, Corning Cut Glass 
Rogers' Plated Ware, Silver Novelties 




Jewelers and Silversmiths 


Rochester, New York 


McCurdy <S Norwell Co. 

Main Street East, corner Elm Street 

Quality is the guiding spirit in this new store. Quality first, quality last and 
quality all the time, Where quality is, satisfaction is, and that is the place to 
spend your money 

Then too. this bright store is such a pleasant place to visit. Intelligent — 
experienced — courteous salespeople will make your shopping both pleasurable 
and profitable. 

Come as aften as you can stay as long as you like, buy, if you can't help it. 


202 Main Street, East 

Rochester. N. Y. 

Rosenberg Bro's 
and Company 




Garson, Meyer 
& Co. 

Men's, Boys' and Children's 


New York Office 

783-785 Broadway, cor. 10th Street 

Boston Office 

Boylston Building:, Room 40 


Louis Frankel 

Chas. Frankel 

Harry Klonick 

Frankel Bros. <S Co. 



Long Distance Telephone No. 2197 

42-48 Commercial Street 

John B. Schreiner 



282 Allen Street 

7 2 

History of Police Department 




Institute of Physicians and 
- ^Surgeons^^ 

Cor. Main St. East and Prince, Rochester, JW. Y. 

Would You Become 
a Man of Mark 

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affairs? Would you develop the power that 
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minds ? In all walks of life these faculties 
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Magnetism. It is this well-nigh indefinable something 
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acquire this marvelous influence. It is a comprehensive work by the eminent authority, 
Dr. X. La Motte Sage, A.M., Ph.D., LL.D., graphically written, profusely illustrated, 
admirably executed. It reveals wonderful secrets and contains startling surprises It 
is free to you for the asking. This offer is absolutely genuine and without conditions. 
Send your name and address and receive the book by return mail without expenditure. 
It has brought success to thousands who have sent us such testimonials as these: 

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Write at once to 

Dept. F». P. 20 ROCHESTER, N. Y. 

Rochester, New York 73 

Frank W. Payne, Prest. J. T. Thompson, Vice-Prest. 

J. L. Thompson, Sec'y and Treas. 

P&yne=Thompson Co. 


'Phone 1041 . 'Phone 279 






Will positively remove Callous or Soreness from the feet. One application gives immediate relief 

All Druggists, 25 Cents 

Scott's Hoof Paste, best veterinary remedy known. Sold everywhere 

SCOTT HOOF PASTE. CO., Rochester, N. Y. 

Albert Tegg, V. S. A. George Tegg, M. R. C. V. S. 

Veterinary Surgeons 



Phones Home!' 846 Residence, Home 1720 

C. E. Rider, President Huoh McLean, Vice-President 

Angus McLean, Sec'y and Treas. 

WoocUMos&ic Flooring Co. 


Hardwood Lumber 
and Fine Flooring 


New Albany, Ind. Bedford, Ind. Cloverdale, Ind. Rochester, N. Y. 

New York City 

74 History of Police Department 



Rochester Horse and Cattle Food 






Bell 'Phones 1808 

Residence 179 R Residence, 30 Smith Street 

Bell 'Phone 142 Home 'Phone 936 


Livery and Boarding 

Boarding a Specialty 23 Brighton Street 


— = T runk s =- 







Telephone 221 77 Kenilworth Terrace 

Rochester, New York 


Psychratism (Mind Power), Personal 
Magnetism, Will Force, Mental 
and Magnetic Healing and all 
Occult Sciences 

Taught either in classes at our Academy 
or through a correspondence course. We 
are not teaching simply the silly side of 
Hypnotism, but a general development of 
'man's mind and influencing power. Per- 
sonal Will Force which is the great secret 
of success. This informa ion will wond- 
erfully help you either socially or financi- 
ally. Develop your Mind Power and you 
are a power, a mastar not a slave. Learn 
how to be a leader. 

Write for our Free 1 00 page Book of 
valuable information, it will be sent to you 
by prepaid post. Drop a card or call 
either phone. 

Vernon Academy of Mental Science and Sanitorium, Warner Observatory Bldg. , East Ave. 
We are not and never have been connected with any other institution in this city or elsewhere 




Manufacturing Chemists 

Wholesale Dealers in Drills* Chemicals, Surgical Instruments, Etc. 

156 to 160 West Avenue, corner Canal Street 

East Side Pharmacy 

W. C. Lautner, Proprietor 
The Quality Drug Store 



E. E. Bausch & Son 




G. T. Getzkow, President 
George A. Kapell, Treasurer 

Established 1 887 
Incorporated 1899 

Clinton Medicine Company 

371 Clinton Avenue North, opposite Turn Hall 


Druds and Medicines 


One product of our laboratory is the famous "Walbracht's Elixer, the great 
Stomach Fixer." Has cured thousands of Stomachs! Will cure yours. SO cents 
per bottle. Trial bottle 25 cents. Sent by mail to any address. 

History of Police Department 


/so ci//vrow/i\/£./v. 

Louis Schauman 

Funeral Director and Professional Embalmer 

Office Telephone 294 Residence Telephone 980 



Office, 24 Allen Street 

'Phones 679 and 412 



C. E. Strauchen 


253 North Street 

'Phone 1190 Lady Assistant 

Open all the time 



Telephone 864 

89 Allen Street, corner Sophia 

Rochester, New York 77 

Rochester Phone 2859 Bell Phone 1955 

The Rochester Sanitary 
Excavating Company 


Thos. Colder, Prop. , c °o nc a 5 r r d s, s de t n r e e r 

Ernest Steinmiller 


Vaults, Cess Pools and Cellars 



Union Excavating Company 

Address P. 0. Box 352 
412 Hudson Avenue 445 Powers Bldg. 456 Maple Street 


Vaults, Cess Pools, Wells 


ARTHUR P. ASHMAN, Rochester 'Phone, 1 1 14 

Proprietor House Hudson Avenue, near City Line- 

original Philo Baker 
Odorless Excavating Co. 

WM. BAKER. Manager 

For Cleaning Cess Pools, Privy Vaults, Etc. 

All Orders Attended to Promptly Satisfaction Guaranteed 

Main Office, 36 Reynolds' Arcade Bell Phone 792~ 

House and Stables, 165 Cottage Street 


History of Police Department 

Charles Bradshaw 

Office and Yard, 48 South Fitzhugh Street 



Notary Public 

General Insurance, Steamship, Foreign 
Exchange, Real Estate and Coal Agency 

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 

Flour, Feed, Baled Hay 
Straw, Shavings 

f"* (~\ A T Lowest Market Price. 

*^ v .rX l^f Honest Weight and 
Prompt Delivery. 

No. 2 Smith's Arcade 

Coal and Wood 

Office and Warehouse 


Telephone 553 

Both Phones 2470 


Geo. Heermans 

Successor to 
Bar r y & Brue ck 

Quick Fire 




Lump, Pulverized and 
Granulated : : : 

591 South Avenue 


Roch. Phone 2848 Bell— Chase 49 1 

Both Phones 

Lewis Edelman 

J. A. Van Ingen 

Dealer in 


Anthracite and Bituminous 



Cumberland Smithing Coal 

Telephone 576 


Near N. Y. C. & H. R. R. 


Rochester Phone 1429 Bell Phone 245 


George B. Schoeffel 

Wholesale and Retail Dealer 

Lehigh and Scranton 

Anthracite and Bituminous 


Walston Crushed Coke 

44 Portland Ave. 

Bell Phone 2978 Home Phone 770 

Driving Park Avenue 

Roch. Phone 2956 Bell Phone 2329 

Rochester, New York 


The Clark Paint, Oil & Hardware Co. 


Painters'. Builders' and Manufacturers' 
Supplies. Glass and Mirrors 

Phones 693 

131 State Street 


Dealer in 
Stoves, Ranges and Palace 
Furnaces, and House Furn- 
ishing Goods. All containing 
the Latest Improvements. 

Jobbing in Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron 
14 and 18 Monroe Avenue 

Telephone 691 

Henry Lester 

Dealer in 
Furniture. Carpets, Draperies, 
Red Cross Stoves and Ranges 
and Bicycles. 

150-156 Main St. West, near Washington 


Successors to Chas. A. Bowman 

Dealer in General Hardware 
Pocket and Table Cutlery 

Farmers' and Mechanics' Tools, 

House Furnishing Goods, Iron 
Nails, Paints, Oils, Glass, Putty, etc 

153 State Street 


Louis J. Marchand 


8 Main Street East 

John Fricker 

Practical Tin Copper and Galvanized 
Iron Cornice Worker, Steel Ceilings, 
Roofing, Jobbing and Repairing of 
all Kinds. 

Agent for the Kernan 
Furnaces of Utica 

10 Ely Street 

Corner Minerva Place 

P nn Fi n n s(aie and Gravel Roofing 
IVUUillJg Three piy Ready Rooting can 

be put on at half the Price of New Shingles 

M. E. Pritchard 

Manufacturers of Cement Paint for Iron and 

Tin Roofs. Roofing Materials at Wholesale. 

Special Attention Given to Repairing 

179 Main Street, West 

Bell Phone 1229 Home Phone 3327 

Paints, Oils. Varnish, 
Brushesand Glue 
Gold Paints. Bronzes 
Art ists' Materials 

J. G. Luitwieler 

& S o n s 



Glass Worker 

Both Phones 
24 South Avenue Opp. Cook Opera House 

I . GU^a"/ Stained and Ornamental Glass 

**—J&jr'' Work of -every description, for 

R0CHE5TER..N Y.. house and church decorations 



History of Police Departmen' 

F. C. Armstrong, Pres. R. L. Field, V. Pr. 
F, C. Shaw, Sec. and Treas. 

Our Brands 
White Lion, Dakota, Arena and Jumbo 

F. E. Reed & Co. 


Manufacturers of 
Blended Patent and Winter Wheat Flour 
All kinds of Flour and Feed, Wholesale 
and Retail. Telephone 1143 

Rochester Glass Works 

People's Mills Mill Street 

Chas. E. Kohlmetz 


Hay, Straw, Oats and Feed 


Both Phones 980-1000 Main St East 

Phones 220 



Robert S. Paviour 

Manufacturers of 


Gas Engines 

101 and 102 Chamber of Commerce 


F. Fritzsche & Son 

Manufacturer of 

Hides, Pelts and Tallow 

Dealer in 

Grease and Tallow 

Roch. 'Phone 2774 62-66 Front St. 

593 West Avenue 




Otfi.M.1 COi'i Q D fRA House t 


NewYork 8i 


Chapman & Goodenough 

Agent for the well known line of 

Carton Hot Air 



Steam and Hot 

There is 2500 now in use in Rochester 

Water Heating 

Repairs for all kinds of Furnaces 

Plumbing* and Gas Fitting* 

Home 'Phone 969 
Corner Plymouth Avenue and Clarissa Street 



Bell 'Phone 1299 Home ' Phone 3779 

Erwin J. Lathrop 

Practical Plumber 

Sole Agent 

Gas and Steam Fitting and 

Cheerful Home Furnace 

Hot Water Heating 

'Phone 1 100 6 So. Washington St. 








Successor to Barr Brothers 
Practical and Reliable r 


Dealer in High Grade Sanitary Goods 

All orders attended promptly by exper- '. - 
ienced workman at reasonable charges 

117 State St. 

Both 'Phones 584 


Plumbing* and Gas 

water supply and sewerage 
steam and hot water heating 

Telephone 1249 
25 Stone Street, near Main Street 


Plumbing* and 
Gas Fitting* 

Telephone 952 


Plumbind and 
Gas Fitting* 

jobbing promptly at- 
tended to, estimates 
furnished on all kinds 
of work : : : 


Plumbing* and 
Warm Air 

Both 'Phones 

307 Monroe Ave. 

35-37 Spring St. cor. So. Fitzhugh 

History of Police Department 


Contractor, Carpenter 
and Builder 

Jobbing of All Kinds 

Box 86. Builders' Exchange 
Shop and Residence. 330 Smith Street 

Builder and Contractor 



Wm. Summerhays & Sons 

Special attention given to Steam 
Boiler Setting. Engine and Machine 
Foundations, Bakers' Ovens. Brick 
Smokestocks and General Repairing. 

Fire Brick, Fire Tile and Fire Clay at 
wholesale and retail. 

Telephone 440 

35 and 36 Smith's Block 



John Luther & Son 
Contractors and Builders 



Builder and Contractor 

Carpenter Work a Specialty 

Mill and Furnace Streets 

Box 18, Builders' Exchange 
Telephone 1360 

Personal Attention Given to All 
Classes of Millwright Work 


Practical Millwright 

Dealer in 

Turbine Water Wheels, Shafting, 

Hangers, Pulleys. Etc. 

Brown's Race, foot Brown Street 



Store Fitting and 
Jobbing a Specialty 


Residence, 89 S. Washington Street 

W. L. Van De Walle 


Established 1865 


Wall Paper, Window Shades 

and Fixtures, Room 

Mouldings, Etc. 


When.natural sight fails 
Then our art prevails 

Empire Optical Co. 

15 Clinton Ave. South 

Edward E. Arrington, Manager 

Rochester. New York 








at i^ v- 

1 i MARK V 

The best Waterproof 
Collar on the market 

Worn and recom- 
mended by the 

Rochester Police 

For sale by all Dealers, or of the Manufacturer 

THE J. F. PEO CO., Rochester, New York 



Refrigerators, Blue Flame 
Oil and Gasoline Stoves 
All Kinds of Stove Repairs 

22 South Avenue, near Main Street 

C. H. COHN & CO. 

Manufacturers of 



214-218 Andrews Street 

H . A . HAYS 

Manufacturer of 
Young Men's and Boys* 


162-164 Clinton Avenue North 

American Ribbon 
and Carbon Co. 



Frank X. Foery C Kastner 

Foery Si Kastner 
Stone Quarry 

Dealers in all kinds ot 


Goodman Street, opp. Central Park 
Office 315 St. Joseph, cor. Rauber St. 


Paper Hangings 
Window Shades 


F. C. Palmer, Bell 'Phone 1082 

Manager Rental Department 

Real Estate Broker 

Real Estate for Sale and 
to Rent all parts of City 

3 1 9-320 Powers Block 

Money to Loan on Real Estate 

History of Police Department 

"Our Own" Delivery 
and Storage Co. 

General Forwarding Agents 

32 to 42 Edward St. Buffalo. N. Y. 
154 Franklin St. Rochester. N. Y. 


Storage House 

Over 10 and 12 South Washington Street 



Freight delivered from all 
Railroads. Both Phones 


=S aw 

Office : 

1 1 Exchange St. 


Manufacturers of 
Gold, Silver and Platinum Plate 

Buyers of Old Cold and Silver 

Refiners and Assayers 

Culross BaRery 

Manufacturers of the Celebrated 
D. Culross Butter Crackers 

Parties, Weddings, etc., supplied 
with Ice Cream and Cake 

Coffee, Lunch and Ice Cream Parlor 

30 State Street 


Manufacturers of End-Grain Cutting 
Blocks, Shoe Racks, Cattle Stanch- 
ions, Grille Work, Mouldings, etc. 

Turning, Sawing and General 
Jobbing in Wood Work 

10 Graves Street (near Main) 

Lewis H. Whitbeck 


United States Fire Ins. Co., of New 
York, Incorporated 1824 
Concordia Fire Ins. Co., of Milwaukee, 
Incorporated 1870 
The Delaware Ins. Co., of Philadel- 
phia, Incorporated 1835 

4 and 5 Elwood Building 

Charles R. Zeiner 

Manufacturers of 


and dealer in 

3 Aqueduct Street 


Manufacturers of Lautner's 
Couches and Royal 
Canopy Divans 

Strictly High Class 
Caskets <S Funeral Supplies 

Rochester, New York 



Allen Woolen Mills 



105 to 109 Main St. E.. cor. Water St. 

Temperance Hotel 




212 Main Street East 

Bell 'Phone 3065 
196 Main St. E., opp.Whitcomb House 

Erie Lunch House 

and Bakery 


Table Board $2.50 per Week 

W. H. CRISPIN, Proprietor 

1 15-1 17 Exchange St., opp. Court St. 

Established 1881 


Ostrich Feather 


Old Feathers Cleaned, Dyed and 
Curled so as to Look Like New 
Feather Boas Curled and made from 
Old Feathers, Kid Gloves, Neckwear 
and fine Lace cleaned on short notice 

29-3 1 Clinton Avenue North 

Cobb Preserving Co. 

Rochester, Fairporf and 
Canandaigua, N. Y. 

The West Tire 
Setter Co. 

Manufacturers of West's 
Hydraulic Power and Hand 

Tire Setters 


Dr. H.H.Hill, Dr. J. 0. Hill, 

Manager Asst. Manager 

Hill's Dental 

McCord, Gibson & 


174 Main Street East 
Rochester Phone 3363 Opp. Alliance Bank 


85 Main Street East 


History of Police Department 

Vogt Manufacturing and 
Coach Lace Company 



Galusha Stove Company 

John A. Hartfelder 

-Manufacturer of- 


204 and 206 North Water Street 




Ontario Sale and 
Exchange Stables 

General Teaming 

Office and Stables 

76 Ontario Street 


Manufacturers of Metal Novelties 
Brass Beading, Ornaments, Nov- 
elties, Morris Chair Rods, Lock 
Hinges, Brackets and Special 
Attachments. Brass, Nickel and 
Copper Plating. 

177 West Main Street 

J. O. Brewster, President and Treasurer 
J T. Schaffer, Vice-President and Supt. 


Builders of Hydraulic Presses 
of every description 

11 to 21 Circle Street 



Beading: Machines a Specialty 

The Booth Power Folder 


Established 1834 

Incorporated 1901 


Snow Wire Works Co. 

76 to 84 Exchange Street 

Rochester, New York The Old Reliable Fi 

Rochester, New York 



Special Machinery to order, Re- 
pairing, Blanking, Perforating, 
Forming Dies a Specialty. 



236 Mill Street, Rochester, N. Y. 



Manufacturers of and 
dealers in 

Lubricating Oils and 


Non-Acid Boiler Compound, Sponges 

and Chamois, Waste, Belt 

Dressing, Etc. 

Telephone 2019. Office and factory, 179 
and 1 8 1 North Water Street, 

J. M. Clark <3 Co., 

Punches, Dies, Drill Jigs. 

Special Tools, Experimental Work. 

Metal Stamping, Etc. 

20 Spring St., Phone 3584 Roch. 




and makers of 

Carriages, Buggies, Wagons, 

Trucks Etc., also Painting 

and Trimming. 

YorK St. (Near West Avenue.) 


Makers of 

Brewers Tanks and 

West Side Shoeing Forge. 


Practical Horseshoer. 


Gentlemen's Drivers and Coach 

also Jobbers. 

Horses a Specialy. 

Shop Rear 320 State Street. 




Makers of more than 100 


varieties of 

Sewing Machines 


For Cloth and Leather 

60-62 Main St. West 

Office 10 Exchange St. 

Jas. M. Harrison, Manager. 

(Established 1839.) 

Rochester Packing 
and Cold Storage Co. 

Jacob K. Post 6 Co., 

Wholesale and Retail 

Wholesale PORK 



Office, 69 Front St. 

17 Main St. East, Rochester, N. Y. 

Packing House, West Maple St. 

History of Police Department 

William C. Brown 
& Company 



$1.25 PER MONTH 

" You Furnish the Clothes, 
We do the Pressing." 

We call at your house once a week. 
We take all of your clothes. 
We press, sponge, clean, sew on buttons, repair 
button-holes, and fix all rips, rents or tears. 

We furnish a dress suit case free to each 
customer to send his clothes back and forth in. 

We store your goods in the " NATIONAL 

We keep your goods absolutely free from moths. 

We keep your personal appearance in first-class 
condition all the time. 

We have no limit to the number of suits you 
send each week. 

Telephone us and we will have our representative 
call and explain our entire system to you. 



Rochester, New York 



3 and 5 East Avenue, Liberty Bldg. 38 Main St., West, Powers Bldg. 

Greenhouses : 249 Park Avenue 

H. E. WILSON, Florist 

Cut Flowers, Designs and 
Decorations for All Occasions 

88 Main Street East Both Phones 20 Greenhouses 


Builder of High-Grade Buggies, Delivery Wagons, Trucks, Sleighs, etc. 
Repairing, Painting, Trimming, Rubber Tires put on old and new wheels 



Gentlemen's Tailoring Parlors 


A. H. Garson - Manager 

Corner East Avenue and Main Street Up Stairs 

Garson Tailoring Co. 




History of Police Department 


•If The Great Distributing Point for the Purest 
Wines and Liquors at the Lowest Prices 

237-239 Main St., East Rochester, N. Y. 


° LD J. R. C. ^E 


214-216 Main Street West, ROCHESTER, N. Y. 

Rochester, New York 

Malt Whiskey 

Medicine For All Mankind 

An Ideal Tonic and Stimulant 

Cures " Grip," Coughs and Colds. A specific for 
Dyspepsia and Indigestion. Invaluable in all Lung 
and Bronchial Affections : : : :::::::::::: : 

Free Booklet on Application. 

Duffy Malt Whiskey Co 



History of Police Department 

#otoet£ i^otel i&e£taurant 


^otei Mfntcomb 

an* ^12ai)tttomb Cafe 

JOHN E. BOLDT, Proprietor 

Personal Attention Given to Every Detail 

Rochester, New York 



Convenient to the business and Shopping center of the 
city. Facing the Genesee River. All modern improve- 
ments. Free bus. American Plan. 

RATES $2.00, WITH BATH $2.50 AND $3.00 


F. A. PIERSON, Manager 

Refurnished Throughout American Plan 

Steam Heat, etc. Recently Modernized 


Next to New National Theatre 
DENNIS DOUD, Proprietor 

Rates. $1.50 and $2. CO Per Day 
Bell Phone 386 Home Phone 1751 

Main Street West corner Plymouth Avenue 


-Formerly The Livingston- 


American Plan 
RATES: S2.00 to $3.00 

Newly Furnished 
SHELDON & CO., Proprietors 


T H F 

Thos. Doud, Proprietor 

■ ■■ L 


Corner North, near 
Main Street East 
Both Phones 816 

PONY MOORE, Manager 

Rates, S1.50 per day, Upward 


History of Police Department 





142, 144, 146 South Avenue, Corner of Court St., Rochester, N, Y. 

Rates $1.00 Per Day, Upward. 

Good Stables and Sheds. 

The Bantel Hotel 

CHAS. K. DIETZ, Prop. 

334-340 State Street, - - ROCHESTER, N. Y. 






Modern Improved. German and American Cooking, Ladies' and Gents' Cafe, 

Music Evenings, Billiard and Base Ball Studio. 

249-251-253 Main Street East. 


Telephone 653. 

Coaches, Livery 
and Boarding. 

Open day and Night. 

Office and Stables, 26 

Plymouth Ave. 

Residence, 76>£ Atkison St. 

T. G .Thompson, Jr., 




25 North St., Near Main St. East. 
Both Phones. 

Rochester, New York 95 

Home Phone 1556 Bell Phone 2447 R 

Brucftet's European ^otel 


Billiard Parlors Attached Choice Liquors and Cigars 

Good Barn and Sheds 

Chapman House 


JAY G. LONGFELLOW, Proprietor 62-66 South Avenue 

Ladies' Parlors Attached Bell Phone 1437 

loljn §> cijeeeel & &on 

(Restaurant, Sample aiiD JS I Room 

324 and 326 South Avenue Opp. Lehigh Valley Depot 

Home Phone 1139 Bell Phone 2930 

relTs Cafe 

Ladies' and Gentlemen's Dining Parlors 

i. H$. (Krell, prop. 153 9@am street (Easft 



jlauier'g 31ltftge Hotel 


1504 Lake Avenue 
All cars stop, going and coming from Ontario Beach Both 'Phones 


History of Police Departmen 

A. F. MASON, Proprietor 

B. F. McSTEEN, Manager 

Monroe House Painting Co. 


Signs, Banners and Show Cards 

Office, 233 Allen Street 
Shop, 21 Main Street East 

Bell 'Phone 374 
Home 'Phone 4322 



Crescent Perfume Co. 


Perfumes and Fine Toilet Requisities 


Office and Laboratory, 38 and 40 North Water Street 

J. F. DALE, President 

A. H. DALE, Secretary 

E. H. DALE, Treasurer 

Western New York Nursery Co. 


Rare Ornamental Trees 

Also a Selected Assortment of Tested Varieties of Fruit Trees 
=^^^=^== and Small Fruits ===^== 

We always have territory for 
a Successful Canvasser 

Office 609 St. Paul Street 

Established 1 857 

The First Truss 

worn should be selected and prop- 
erly fitted to meet the require- 
ments of the individual case, and 
the wearer should be instructed 
in its use, resulting often in a 

ll U 1\ 11 1 il SATISFACTION 

For Sore and Painful Feet use the "Fullerco" Arch, made of 
German Silver and worn inside the shoes. 

Elastic Stockings and Abdominal Supporters made to Order 



1 5 South Avenue, Rochester, N. Y. 


23 West Swan St., Buffalo, N.Y. 50 North 13th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rochester, New York 



and Best 


the Breath 
5 Cents 

Stops Coughs, Relieves Throat, Kills Odor from Smoking, 
Drinking, Onions, Etc. 



Armstrong, D., & Co., 29. 

Adler, L , Bro. & Co., 45. 

Apex Wheel Co., 63. 

Arctic Ice Co., 66. 

American Paper Box Factory, 68. 

Alderman, Fairchild, Gutland & 

Co., 69. 
Armstrong Milling Co., 80. 
Alliance Bank, 1st Fly Leaf. 
American Ribbon & Carbon Co., 83. 
Allen Woolen Mills, 85. 
American Chemical Mfg. & Mining 

Co., inside Back Cover. 
Bache, J S., & Co., 2. 
Bausch & Lonib Optical Co., 15. 
Brown Bros. Co., 20. 
Bell Telephone Co., 21. 
Buffalo, Roch. & Pitts. R. R., 32. 
Briggs Optical Co.. 39. 
Baldwin Specialty Co., 44. 
Blauw-Brickner Drug Co., 45. 
Buell, Geo. C, & Co., 50. 
Brajer & Albaugh, 57. 
Brotsch, F. A , 61. 
Boogert, H., 61. 
Bridgeford, Chas., 65. 
Buedengen Mfg Co., 69. 
Bausch, E. E., & Son, 75. 
Bradshaw, Chas., 78. 
Barry, M. A., 78. 
Bamber, John, 79. 
Barnett, John, 81. 
Bender Bros., 101. 
Bennett, John. & Son, 81. 
Bascom & Morgan, 81. 
Barr, Joseph A , 81. 
Bortle, Geo. P., 84. 
Brewster, Dr., 85. 
Booth Bros., 86. 
Brown. Wm. C, & Co., 88. 
Bantel Hotel, 94 
Brucker's European Hotel, 95. 
Co Operative Foundery Co., 22. 
Clum, P. A., & Co., 22. 
Century Camera Co., 24. 
Copeland & Durgin Co., 35. 
Cunningham, James, Son & Co., 36. 
Crossman Bros., 41. 
Commercial Cor. Schools, 47. 
Cowles, H. N., 57. 
Crouch, C. T., & Son Co., 58. 

Comstock, E. A., & Co., 60. 

Cross Bros. Co., 64. 

Carlton Mfg. Co., 65. 

Caledonia Springs Ice Co., 66. 

Cram, Geo. K.., 74. 

Clueton Mediciue Co., '75. 

Clark Paint, Oil & Hardware 

Co., 79. 
Chapin, L. S., 79. 
Curtice Bros. Co. , Front Cover. 
Chapman & Goodenough, 81. 
Chissell, Thos. G., 81. 
Cowles, Joseph, 82. 
Conn, H. C, & Co., 83. 
Culross Bakery, 84. 
Cobb Preserving Co , 85. 
Christaansen Bros , S7. 
Clark, J. M., & Co., 87. 
Crown Tailoring Co., 89. 
Clinton Hotel, 94. 
Chapman House, 95. 
Crescent Perfume Co., 96. 
Dresser, Geo B., 9. 
Defender Photo Supply Co., 25. 
Del , Lack, & West CoalCo , 43. 
Deininger Bros., 48. 
Dake Drug Co., 50 
Douglass, Clark & Son, 51. 
Dodds, Geo. E , 81. 
Donoghue Importing Co., 
Duffy Malt Whiskey Co., 
Electric News, 10. 
Eastman Kodak Co., 14. 
Esler Mfg. Co., 34. 
Empire Moulding Works, 
Ellwanger & Barry, 41. 
Engert, Geo., & Co , 43 
Electro Surgical'Instrument Co. 
Erie Foundry Co., 50. 
Ernst, Louis, & Sons, 53. 
Edgerton, H. H., 55. 
Erdle & Schenk, 65. 
Ettenheimer, E. S., & Co. 
East Side Pharmacy, 75. 
Edelrnan, Louis, 78. 
Empire Optical Co., 82. 
Erie Lunch House, S5. 
Fidelity Trust Co., 4. 
Ford & Enos, 7. 
Flour City National Bank, 
Furlong, Henry M., 10. 




9 8 

History of Police Department 

Friedler, Paul W., 31. 

Jackson's Temperance Hotel, 85. 

Faber, The, Sulky Co., 36. 

Jones, Fred'k H., 80. 

Foster, Geo., T., 42. 

Jeffreys, 102. 

Fee Bros. Co , 51, 

Knowlton & Beach, 18. 

Field, James r Co., 51. 

Kimball Tobacco Works, 38. 

Fish, Frdk. & M. S. Horton, 62. 

Kerstein Optical Co., Shur On, 39. 

Fisher & Fiske, 62. 

Knapp, Homer, 55. 

Fitt, James, & Co., 65. 

King, E. W., 63. 

Frankel Bros. & Co., 71. 

Karle Lithographic Co., 67. 

Frecker, John, 79. 

Klee & Groh, 70. 

Fretzsche. Frank, & Son, 80 

Kohlmetz, Chas. E., 80. 

Foery, & Kastner, 83. 

Keller's, J. B.., Sons, 101. 

Franklin House, 93. 

Keller, Geo. B., 83. 

Fuller, Geo. R., Co., 96 

Kennedy, 83. 

German Insurance Co., 6. 

Likly, Henry, & Co., 37. 

German American Bank, 6. 

Lehigh Valley Coal Co., 42. * 

Genesee Fruit Co , n. 

Little, A. P., 44. 

Graf-Comppen Co., 24. 

Lauer & Hagaman, 57. 

Gundlach Optical Co , 25. 

Lockwood, W. J., 59. 

Genesee Tack Co., 36. 

Lernpert, Leon H., & Son, 61. 

Glen Bros., 40 

Lewis, D. F., 68. 

Gray, W. C, 47. 

Luitwieler, J. G., & Sons, 79. 

Genesee Launch & Power Co,, 48. 

Lester, Henry, 79. 

Gibbs, Chas. S., 51. 

Lathrop, Edwin J., 81. 

Genesee Lumber Co., 58. 

Luther, John, & Son, 82. 

German- American Lumber Co., 61. 

Link, Anthony, 82. 

Grauwiller, John J., 61. 

Leimgruber's Hotel, 94. 

Gall, Matthias, 66. 

Laufer's Ridge Hotel, 95. 

Goff & Co., 66. 

Lackawanna Animal Prod. Co., 102. 

Garson, Meyer & Co., 71. 

McMillan Lithographic Co., 2. 

Goodberlet Bros., 74 

Monroe Co. Savings Bank, 5. 

Gottry, Sam, 84. 

McDonell, A. M., 9. 

Gaussuin, J , 85. 

Morgan Machine Co., 34. 

Gay Mfg. Co., 86. 

Millspaug"h & Green, 42. 

Gleason Tool Co., 86. 

Moseley & Motley Milling Co., 48. 

Galusha Stove Works, 86. 

Michael, Stern & Co., 49. 

Garson Tailoring Co., 89. 

Mathews & Boucher, 49. 

Gerard Hotel, 93. 

Mack Company, 53. 

Grell's Cafe, 95. 

Miller, John, 61. 

Gerhard, Chas., 100. 

Metzger & Brayer, 63. 

Hooker, Wyman & Co , 8. 

Miller, Geo. W., 63. 

Ham, C. T., Mfg. Co., 19. 

Moore, L. Murray, 67. 

Hagan, A. T.. Co , 27. 

Manz, F. E. Theodore, 68. 

Heckel, John, 30. 

McCurdy & Norwell Co., 71. 

Hall, E H., Co., 33. 

McKenzie, Dr. J. C, 74.,, 

Hubbard & Eldredge Co , 35. 

Mauer's, L. W. Sons, 76. 

Hess, S. F , & Co., 38. 

Mudge, A. W., 76. 

Hoffman, John, Co., 39 

Miller, Remi, 78. 

Hickey & Freeman Co., 49. 

Maxson, H. H , 79. 

Hall, Sidney, Sons, 53. 

Marchand, Louis, Jr., 79. 

Hooker, H. B., & Sons, 55. 

Morris Corkhill Motor Co., 80. 

Hopeman, A. W., 59. 

Metcalf, B. F., 80. 

Hoi lister Lumber Co., 60. 

Metropolitan Warehouse Co., 1st 

Hunt, J. K., 69. 

Fly Leaf. 

Humburch Bros., 70. 

Millington Sign Co., 85. 

Hyde Drug Co., 71. 

McCord, Gibson & Stewart, 85. 

Heermans, Geo., 78. 

McGreal Bros., 94. 

Home Laundry, 101. 

Monroe House Painting Co., 96. 

Howard, R J., 81. 

Mooney, Th6s. B., 100. 

Hetzler, Chas , 82. 

National Cash Register Co., 31. 

Hays, H. A., 83. 

Newman Bros., 51. 

Hill Dental Association, 85. 

New York State Sewer Pipe Co. , 64. 

Hartfelder, John A. , 86. 

Neun, Henry P., 68. 

Hartung, C. W., 86. 

New York Institute of Science, 72. 

International Seed Co., 41. 

National Hotel. 

Inst, of Phvsicians & Surgeons, 72. 

Otis Elevator Co., 23. 

Ideal Couch & Casket Co., 84. 

Ocorr & Rugg Co.; 59, 

Ingmire & Thompson, 102 

Oemisch, Henry, 70. 

Jenkins, J. W., Co., 30. 

Osborne, James P., 82. 


, N E W Y O R K (HI 

Our Own Delivery Co., 84 

Standard Oil Co., 16, 

Osburn House, 93. 

Sill Stove Works, 22. 

Oldfield, J. P., 100. 

Stuck, D., 26. 

Powers Fireproof Building, 4. 

Simon Herman, 31. 

Putnam, E. D., 9. 

Smith, J. Hungerford Co., 33. 

Pneumatic Signal Co., 21, 

Schlick, H. N. &Co.,43. 

Pfaudler Co., The, 23. 

Sugru's Restaurant, 47. 

Phelps & Lyddon Co., 39. 

Sintzenich, E. B., 47. 

Paine Drug Co., 45. 

Smith, Beir & Gormley, 49. 

Powers Bldg Grocery, 51. 

Smith, Perkins & Co., 50. 

Pappert, August & Sons, 59. 

Schlegel Mfg. Co., 52. 

Phelps & Fletcher, 60. 

Schaefer & Klein, 52. 

Palmer, C. F. Co., 65. 

Standard Sewer Pipe Co. , 64. 

Parsons Sanitary Ice Co., 66. 

Silver Lake Ice Co., 66. 

Payne-Thompson Co., 73. 

S. K. Cigar Box Co,, 68. 

Philo Baker Excavating Co., 77. 

Scheer, E. J. & Co., 70. 

Pritchard, M, E., 79. 

Schreiner, John B., 71. 

Paviour, Robert S., 80. 

Scotts Hoof Paste Co., 73. 

Peo, The J. F. & Co., 83. 

Strasenburgh, R. J. & Co., 75. 

Palmer, C. M., 83. 

Schauman, Louis, 76. 

Post, Jacob K. & Co., 87. 

Strauchen, C. E., 76. 

Powers Hotel Restaurant, 92. 

Scheuerman, C. F., 76. 

Pulver Chemical Co , 94. 

Steinmiller, Ernest, 77. 

Plymouth Stables, 94. 

Schwalb, F. J., 78. 

Prudential Life Insurance Co. , 100. 

Schoeffel, Geo. B., 78. 

Quality Mfg. Co., 65. 

Schwikert, F. & Son, So. 

Roch. Trust & Safe Deposit Co., 2. 

Smith, W. C, 80. 

Rochester Savings Bank, 5, 

Sanderl's Restaurant, 101. 

Roby, Sidney B. Co., 8. 

Seitz, Fred C, 82. 

Rochester Electric Signal Co., 8. 

Summerhays, Wm. & Sons, 82. 

Roch. Cold Storage & Ice. Co., 11. 

Schlegel, F. & Sons, 83. 

Rochester Telephone Co , 20. 

Swift, T. & Son, 84. 

Roch. Optical & Camera Co., 24. 

Schaffer, J. T. Mfg. Co., 86. 

Reed, E P. & Co., 28. 

Snow Wire Works, 86. 

Rochester Baby Shoe Co., 31. 

Salter Bros., 89. 

Rochester-Pittsburg Coal and Iron 

Schnackel, C, 89. 

Co , 32. 

Scheffel, John &, Son, 95. 

Rochester Stamping Co., 33. 

Taylor Bros. Co., 27. 

Roch. Bridge & Cons'tion Co,, 35. 

Todd, Bancroft <fc Co., 29. ' 

Rochester Knitting Works, 37. 

Tichner & Jacobi, 31. 

Rochester Street Railway Co., 37. 

Turner, E. B. & Co., 47. 

Rochester News Co., 44 

Trotter, C. W. & Sons, 63. 

Rochester Bill Posting Co., 45. 

Tegg, A. & Sons, 73. 

Roch. Commercial Institute, 46. 

Truesdale, S. B. & Co., 87. 

Rochester Dying Co., 47. 

Travis & Weltzer, 87. 

Rochester Gas Engine Co , 48 

Trix, 97. 

Ritter Dental Co., 52. 

Union Trust Co., 1. 

Ropelt & Sons Co., 52 

Upton Cold Storage Co , 11. 

Rochester Lime Co., 56. 

Utz & Dunn, 28. 

Roch. Vulcanite Pavement Co. , 56. 

Union Excavating Co., 77 

Rochester Box & Lumber Co., 60. 

U. S. Standard Voting Machine 

Rochester Lead Works, 64. 

Co., Inside Back Cover. 

Rochester Folding Box Co., 69. 

Vacuum Oil Co., 17. 

Rosenberg Bros. Co., 71. 

Venor & Montgomery, 30. 

Roch. Horse & Cattle Food Co., 74. 

Vicks, James Sons, 40. 

Robacher's Disinfectant Co., 74. 

Vick<& Hill Co., 40. 

Rossenbach, Wm. & Sons, 76. 

Vogel & Bender Co., 59. 

Rochester Sanitary Excavating 

Vetter Desk Works, 64. 

Co., 77. 

Vogt, John W. & Co., 67. 

Reed, F. E. & Co., 80. 

Vernon Academy, 75. 

Rochester Candy Works, 86. 

Van As, James, 78. 

Rendsland, G. J., 87. 

Vanlngen, J. A., 78. 

Rochester Packing and Cold Stor- 

VanDeWalle, W. L., 82. 

age Co., 87. 

Vogel, A., 84. 

Rauber, John & Co., 90. 

Vogt Mfg. & Coach Lace Co., 86. 

Sen Sen Co., 3. 

Woodend, W. E,, & Co., 7. 

Spader & Perkins, 7. 

Wortham, Chas. E., Jr., 9. 

Smith Premier Typewriter Co., 13. 

Woodward, C. E., 9. 

Shantz, M. B. Button Co., 12. 

Whitney Elevator & Ware. Co., 11. 

History of Police Department 

Wollensack Optical Co., 25. 

Walker, F. R., 81. 

Wright, Peters & Co., 30. 

Weldon, Geo., & Co., 83. 

Woodlawn Nurseries, 40. 

Whitbeck, L, H., 84. 

Wray, Henry, & Son, 53. 

West Tire Setter Co., 85. 

Whitmore, Rauber & Vicinus, 54. 

Wheeler & Wilson Mfg. Co. 


Warren Chemical & Mfg. Co., 59. 

Wilson, H. E., 89. 

Wilson, Edward, 61. 

Whitcornb Hotel, 92. 

Wilkin, G. A., 62. 

Western N. Y. Nursery Co., 


Wheeler-Green Electric Co., 62. 

Yawman & Erbe, 26. 

West, Chas. C, 67. 

Yates Coal Co., 43. 

Wood-Mosaic Flooring Co., 73. 

Zielinski, Stephen, 55. 

Wright, Alfred, 75. 

Zorn, S. A., 82. 

White Wire Works, 101. 

Zeiner, Chas. R., 84. 

John P. Smith Printing Company 

72 and 74 Exchange Street, Rochester, New York 




Charles G. Gerhard 

Roch. Phone 757 Bell Phone 2057 



Funeral Director 

176 Clinton Avenue North 

162 State Street 

Thomas B . Mooney 


Telephone 127 

196 Main Street West 

Rochester, New York 


F. J. HAFNER, Proprietor 
608-612 Clinton Avenue North 




J. B. Keller Sons 


Choice Flowers, Floral Designs 




Funeral Directors 
78 Clinton Avenue North 

S. E. White, President 

J. O'Callaghan, Secretary 

Arthur Warren, Treasurer 


Manufacturers of Grille 
and Wire Work 
Electro Plating 



mMm mm wwww ffl ^ffi 

History of Police Department 

Lackawanna Animal Product Co. 

...Manufacturers of... 

High = Grade Fertilizers 

...Dealers in... 

Hides, S~kins, Pelts and Wool 

Dead and Crippled Horses, Mules and Cows Removed 
Promptly by Calling Either Phone No. 1414 

Factories : Lackawanna Fert. & Chem. Co., Moosic, Pa., Rochester Fert. Works, 

Rochester, N. Y. Rochester Office and Stores, 

128-132 Front Street. 


W -WW/ 



U. S. Standard Voting Machine Co. 


The Voting Machines of this Company are ' 
used in all elections in 22 Cities and more than 
120 Towns in the State of New York, In- 
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Schenectady, Poughkeepsie, Jamestown, 
Ithaca, Gloversville and Johnstown. 

In all of these places, the Police and the 
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Where the paper ballot is used, they are detained a 
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Rochester, N. Y- 

Sole Manufacturers 

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