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Full text of "Regulations for the organized militia, under the Constitution and the laws of the United States, 1910"

FROM THE 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 

THROUGH THE 

SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 

kzszu.^ Zf. ImpL. 

g 506 Rev. Stat, prohibits the withdrawal of this book for home use. 



9730 



Cornell University Library 
UA42 .A2 1911 



Regulations for the organized militia 



olin 




3 1924 030 724 896 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



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WAR DEPARTMENT 
DIVISION OF MILITIA AFFAIRS 



REGULATIONS 



FOR THE 



ORGANIZED MILITIA 



UNDER THE CONSTITUTION AND THE LAWS 
OF THE UNITED STATES 



1910 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1911 



1- 



"War Department, 

Document No. 365. 

Division o Militia Affairs. 



War Department, 

MarcTi 12, 1910. 
The following regulations governing the Organized Militia of the 
several States, Territories, and the District of Columbia, in its 
relations with the War Department, under the provisions of the 
Constitution of the United States and the laws of Congress there- 
imder, are promulgated for the guidance of all concerned, and will 
be strictly observed. 

J. M. Dickinson, 

Secretary of War. 
Official: 

E. M. Weaver, 

Colonel, General Staff Corps, 

Assistant to the Chief of Staff) 

Chief of Division. 



TABLE OF CONTEITTS. 



Paragraph. 
Article I. Constitutional provisions pertaining to the militia and federal 

laws enacted in accordance therewith 1-42 

II. United States property in possession of the States, Territories, 

and the District of Columbia 43-127 

(a) Requisitions. 
(6) Accountability. 

(c) Inspections under section 14, militia law. 

(d) Dropping of property. 

III. Target ranges 128-145 

(a) Acquisition. 
(6) Maintenance. 

IV. United States funds allotted under the provisions of section 

1661, Revised Statutes, as amended 146-220 

(a) Acquisition. 
(6) Accountability. 
(c) Closing of accounts. 

V. Personnel 221-384 

(a) Oi'ganization. 

(&) Equipment (uniforms, arms, accessories). 

(c) Instruction. 

1. Field instruction. 

2. Target practice. 

3. Schools. 

a. For officers. 

(1) Army service schools. 

(2) Garrison schools. 

b. For enlisted men. 

4. Instruction by officers and noncommissioned officers 

of the Regular Army. 

(d) Inspections under section 3, militia law. 
(«) Mobilization under section 4, militia law. 

VI. Reports and returns 385-388 

(a) Reports by the Secretary of War on the militia to Con- 
gress, 
(i) Reports and returns of Adjutants-fJeneral to Ihe War 

Department. 
(c) Reports and returns of disbursing officers. 

VII. Division of Militia Affairs 389-392 

(a) Functions. 

(6) Rules of correspondence, 

VIII. The National Militia Board 393-395 

(a) Organization. 

(6) Rules governing its actions. 

(c) Allowances to members. 

5 



b TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Appendix. 

Page. 

(A) "An act to increase the efficiency of tfie permanent military establish- 

ment of the United States, ' ' approved February 2, 1901 127 

(B) "An act to reorganize and to increase the efficiency of the artillery of 

the United States Army," approved January 25, 1907 ]37 

(C) "An act to increase the efficiency of the Medical Department of the 

United States Army," approved April 23, 1908 140 

(D) Articles of War 142 



ARTICLE I. 

constittttional provisions pertaining to the militia and 
Federal Laws Enacted in Accordance Therewith. 

1. The relations of the War Department to the Organized Militia 
of the several States, Territories, and District of Columbia are gov- 
erned by the provisions of the Constitution of the United States 
which pertain to the militia and by the federal laws which have been 
enacted by Congress pursuant to the authority conferred by the 
constitutional provisions. These constitutional provisions and federal 
laws may be enumerated as follows: 

constitutional provisions. 

2. A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a 
free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be 
infringed. (Art. II, amendments.) 

3. The Congress shall have power * * * 

(a) To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of 
the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions. 

(b) To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia 
and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the 
service of the United States, reserving to the States, respectively, the 
appointment of the officers and the authority of training the militia 
according to the discipline prescribed by Congress. (Art. I, sec. 8.) 

(c) To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carry- 
ing into execution the foregoing powers and all other powers vested 
by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any 
department or officer thereof. (Art. I, sec. 8.) 

4. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United 
States of America. (Art. II, sec. 1.) 

5. The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and 
Navy of the United States and of the militia of the several States 
when called into the actual service of the United States. (Art. II, 
sec. 2.) 

6. The United States shall guarantee to every State in. this Union 
a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them 
against invasion; and on application of the legislature or of the 
executive (when the legislature can not be convened) against domestic 
violence. (Art. IV, sec. 4.) 

7 



8 CONSTITUTIONAL PEOVISIONS AND GENEEAL LAWS. 

FEDERAL LAWS. 

7. It shall be lawful for the President, or such person as he shall 
empower for that purpose, to employ such part of the land or naval 
forces of the United States, or of the militia thereof, as shall be neces- 
sary to compel any foreign vessel to depart the United States in all 
cases in which, by the laws of nations or treaties of the United 
States, she ought not to remain within the United States. (Sec. 
5288, Kev. Stat.) 

8. In case of an insurrection in any State against the government 
thereof, it shall be lawful for the President, on application of the 
legislature of such State, or of the executive, when the legislature 
can not be convened, to call forth such number of the militia of any 
other State or States, which may be applied for, as he deems suffi- 
cient to suppress such insurrection; or, on like application, to em- 
ploy for the same purposes such part of the land or naval forces of 
the United States as he deems necessary. (Sec. 5297, Rev. Stat.) 

9. Whenever, by reason of unlawful obstructions, combinations, 
or assemblages of persons, or rebellion against the authority of the 
Government of the United States, it shall become impracticable, in 
the judgment of the President, to enforce, by the ordinary course of 
judicial proceedings, the laws of the United States within any State 
or Territory, it shall be lawful for the President to call forth the militia 
of any or all the States, and to employ such parts of the land and naval 
forces of the United States as he may deem necessary to enforce 
the faithful execution of the laws of the United States, or to suppress 
such rebellion, in whatever State or Territory thereof the laws of the 
United States may be forcibly opposed or the execution thereof 
forcibly obstructed. (Sec. 5298, Rev. Stat.) 

10. Whenever insurrection, domestic violence, unlawful combina- 
tions, or conspiracies in any State so obstructs or hinders the execu- 
tion of the laws thereof, and of the United States, as to deprive 
any portion or class of the people of such State of any of the rights, 
privileges, or immunities, or protection named in the Constitution 
and secured by the laws for the protection of such rights, privileges, 
or immunities, and the constituted authorities of such State are 
unable to protect, or, from any cause, fail in or refuse protection of 
the people in such rights, such facts shall be deemed a denial of such 
State of the equal protection of the laws to which they are entitled 
under the Constitution of the United States, and in all such cases 
or whenever any such insurrection, violence, unlawful combination, 
or conspiracy opposes or obstructs the laws of the United States, 
or the due execution thereof, or impedes or obstructs the due course 
of justice under the same, it shall be lawful for the President, and it 
shaU be his duty, to take such measures, by the employment of the 



CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENERAL LAWS. 9 

militia or the land and naval forces of the United States, or of either, 
or by other means, as he may deem necessary, for the suppression of 
such insurrection, domestic violence, or combination. (Sec. 5299, 
Rev. Stat.) 

11. The organized and active land forces of the United States shall 
consist of the Army of the United States and of the militia of the 
several States when called into the service of the United States. 
(Act of Apr. 22, 1898.) 

12. The sum of two million dollars is hereby annually appropriated, 
to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appro- 
priated, for the purpose of providing arms, ordnance stores, quarter- 
master stores, and camp equipage for issue to the militia, such appro- 
priation to remain available until expended. (Sec. 1661, Rev. Stat., 
amended by act of June 22, 1906, sec. 1. — 34 Stats., 449.) 

13. The appropriation provided in the preceding paragraph shall be 
apportioned amoiig the several States and Territories, under the 
direction of the Secretary of War, according to the number of Senators 
and Representatives to which each State, respectively, is entitled in 
the Congress of the United States, and to the Territories and District 
of Columbia such proportion and under such regulations as the Presi- 
dent may prescribe: Provided, however, That no State shall be enti- 
tled to the benefits of the appropriation apportioned to it unless the 
number of regularly enlisted, organized, and uniformed active militia 
shall be at least one hundred men for each Senator and Representative 
to which such State is entitled in the Congress of the United States. 
And the amount of said appropriation which is thus determined not 
to be available shall be covered back into the Treasury: Provided, 
also, That the sums so apportioned among the several States and 
Territories and the District of Columbia shall be available for the 
purposes named in section fourteen of the act of January twenty-first, 
nineteen hundred and three, for the actual excess of expenses of travel 
in making the inspections therein provided for over the allowances 
made for same by law; for the promotion of rifle practice, including 
the acquisition, construction, maintenance, and equipment of shooting 
galleries and suitable target ranges; for the hiring of horses and draft 
animals for the use of mounted troops, batteries, and wagons; for 
foraige for the same, and for such other incidental expenses in con- 
nection with encampments, maneuvers, and field instruction pro- 
vided for in sections fourteen and fifteen of the said act of January 
twenty-first, nineteen hundred and three, as the Secretary of War 
may deem necessary. (Sec. 2, idem.) 

14. The purchase o'r manufacture of arms, ordnance stores, 
quartermaster stores, and camp equipage for the militia under the 
provisions of this adt shall be made under the direction of the Secretary 
of War, as such 'arms, ordnance, and quartermaster stores, and camp 



10 CONSTITUTIONAL PEOVISIONS AND GENERAL LAWS. 

equipage are now manufactured or otherwise provided for the use of 
the Regular Army, and they shall be receipted for and shall remain 
the property of the United States and be annually accounted for by 
the governors of the States and Territories and by the commanding 
general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia, for which 
purpose the Secretary of War shall prescribe and supply the necessary 
blanks and make such regulations as he may deem necessary to 
protect the' interests of the^United States. (Sec. 3, idem.) 

15. Whenever any property furnished to any State or Territory 
or the District of Columbia, as hereinbefore provided, has been lost 
or destroj^ed, or has become unserviceable or unsuitable from use 
in service, or from any other cause, it shall be examined by a dis- 
interested surveying officer of the Organized Militia, to be appointed 
by the governor of the State or Territory, or the commanding general 
of the National Guard of the District of Columbia, to whom the 
property has been issued, and his report shall be forwarded by said 
governor or commanding general direct to the Secretary of War, and if 
it shall appear to the Secretary of War from the record of survey 
that the property has been lost or destroyed through unavoidable 
causes, he is hereby authorized to relieve the State from further 
accountability therefor; if it shall appear that the loss or destruction 
of property was due to carelessness or neglect, or that its loss could 
have been avoided by the exercise of reasonable care, the money 
value thereof shall be charged against the allotment to the States 
under section sixteen hundred and sixty-one of the Revised Statutes, 
as amended. If the articles so surveyed are found to be unservice- 
able or unsuitable, the Secretary of War shall direct what disposition, 
by sale or otherwise, shall be made of them, except unserviceable 
clothing, which shall be destroyed, and, if sold, the proceeds of such 
sale shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States. (Sec. 
4, idem.) 

THE AMENDED MILITIA LAW. 

16. The act of Congress approved January twenty-first, nineteen 
hundred and three, entitled "An act to promote the efficiency of the 
mihtia, and for other purposes," (32 Stats., 775), as amended by the 
act of May twenty-seventh, nineteen hundred and eight (35 Stats., 
339), and the act of April 21, 1910 (36 Stats., 329), is as follows: 

17. Section 1. That the militia shall consist of every able-bodied 
male citizen of the respective States and Territories and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and every able-bodied male of foreign birth 
who has declared his intention to become a citizen, who is more 
than eighteen and less than forty-five years of age, and shall be 
divided into two classes: The Organized Militia, to be known as 
the National Guard of the State, Territory, or District of Columbia, 



CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENERAL LAWS. 11 

or by such other designations as may be given tliem by the laws of 
the respective States or Territories; the remainder to be known as 
the reserve mihtia: Provided, That the provisions of this act and 
of section sixteen hundred and sixty-one, Revised Statutes, as 
amended, shall apply only to the militia organized as a land force. 

18. Sec. 2. That the Vice-President of the United States, the offi- 
cers, judicial and executive, of the Government of the United States, 
the members and officers of each House of Congress, persons in the 
military or naval service of the United States, all custom-house 
officers, with their clerks, postmasters and persons employed by 
the United States in the transmission of the mail, ferrymen employed 
at any ferry on a post road, artificers and workmen employed in 
the armories and arsenals of the United States, pilots, mariners 
actually employed in the sea service of any citizen or merchant 
wdthin the United States, and all persons who are exempted by the 
laws of the respective States or Territories shall be exempted 
from militia duty, without regard to age: Provided, That nothing in 
this act shall be construed to require or compel any member of any 
well-recognized religious sect or organization at present organized 
and existing whqse creed forbids its members to participate in war in 
any form, and whose religious convictions are against war or partici- 
pation therein, in accordance with the creed of said religious organi- 
zation, to serve in the militia or any other armed or volunteer force 
under the jurisdiction and authority of the United States. 

19. Sec. 3. That the regularly enlisted, organized, and uniformed 
active militia in the several States and Territories and the District 
of Columbia who have heretofore participated or shall hereafter 
participate in the apportionment of the annual appropriation pro- 
vided by section sixteen hundred and sixty-one of the Revised Stat- 
utes of the United States, as amended, whether known and designated 
as national guard, militia, or otherwise, shall constitute the Organized 
Militia. On and after January twenty-first, nineteen hundred and 
ten, the organization, armament, and discipline of the Organized 
Mihtia in the several States and Territories and the District of Colum- 
bia shall be the same as that which is now or may hereafter be pre- 
scribed for the Regular Army of the United States, subject in time 
of peace to such general exceptions as may be authorized by the 
Secretary of War: Provided, That in peace and war each organized 
division of militia may have one inspector of small-arms practice 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel; each organized brigade of militia 
one inspector of small-arms practice with the rank of major; each 
regiment of infantry or cavalry of Organized Mihtia one assistant 
inspector of small-arms practice with the rank of captain, and each 
separate or unassigned battalion of infantry or engineers or squadron 
of cavalry of Organized Mihtia one assistant inspector of small-arms 



10 CONSTITUTIONAL PEOVISIONS AND GENERAL LAWS. 

equipage are now manufactured or otherwise provided for the use of 
the Regular Army, and they shall be receipted for and shall remain 
the property of the United States and be annually accounted for by 
the governors of the States and Territories and by the commanding 
general of the National Guard of the District of Columbia, for which 
purpose the Secretary of War shall prescribe and supply the necessary 
blanks and make such regulations as he may deem necessary to 
protect the interests of the. United States. (Sec. 3, idem.) 

15. Whenever any property furnished to any State or Territory 
or the District of Columbia, as hereinbefore provided, has been lost 
or destro3^ed, or has become unserviceable or unsuitable from use 
in seiwice, or from any other cause, it shall be examined by a dis- 
interested surveying officer of tlie Organized Militia, to be appointed 
by the governor of the State or Territory, or the commanding general 
of the National Guard of the District of Columbia, to whom the 
property has been issued, and his report shall be forwarded by said 
governor or commanding general direct to the Secretary of War, and if 
it shall appear to the Secretary of War from the record of survey 
that the property has been lost or destroyed through unavoidable 
causes, he is hereby authorized to relieve the State from further 
accountability therefor ; if it shall appear that the loss or destruction 
of property was due to carelessness or neglect, or that its loss could 
have been avoided by the exercise of reasonable care, the money 
value thereof shall be charged against the allotment to the States 
under section sixteen hundred and sixty-one of the Revised Statutes, 
as amended. If the articles so surveyed are found to be unservice- 
able or unsuitable, the Secretary of War shall direct what disposition, 
by sale or otherwise, shall be made of them, except unserviceable 
clothing, which shall be destroyed, and, if sold, the proceeds of such 
sale shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States. (Sec. 
4, idem.) 

THE AMENDED MILITIA LAW. 

16. The act of Congress approved January twenty-first, nineteen 
hundred and three, entitled "An act to promote the efRciency of the 
militia, and for other purposes," (32 Stats., 775), as amended by the 
act of May twenty-seventh, nineteen hundred and eight (35 Stats., 
339), and the act of April 21, 1910 (36 Stats., 329), is as follows: 

17. Section 1. Tliat the mihtia shall consist of every able-bodied 
male citizen of the respective States and Territories and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and every able-bodied male of foreign birth 
wlio has declared his intention to become a citizen, who is more 
than eighteen and less than forty-five years of age, and shall be 
divided into two classes: The Organized Militia, to be known as 
the National Guard of the State, Territory, or District of Columbia, 



CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENERAL LAWS. 11 

or by such other designations as may be given them by the laws of 
the respective States or Territories; the remainder to be known as 
the reserve mihtia: Provided, That the provisions of this act and 
of section sixteen hundred and sixty-one, Revised Statutes, as 
amended, shall apply only to the militia organized as a land force. 

18. Sec. 2. That the Vice-President of the United States, the offi- 
cers, judicial and executive, of the Government of the United States, 
the members and officers of each House of Congress, persons in the 
military or naval service of the United States, all custom-house 
officers, with their clerks, postmasters and persons employed by 
the United States in tlie transmission of the mail, ferrymen employed 
at any ferry on a post road, artificers and workmen employed in 
the armories and arsenals of the United States, pilots, mariners 
actually employed in the sea service of any citizen or merchant 
■ttdthin the United States, and all persons who are exempted by the 
laws of the respective States or Territories shall be exempted 
from militia duty, without regard to age: Provided, That nothing in 
this act shall be construed to require or compel any member of any 
well-recognized religious sect or organization at present organized 
and existing whqse creed forbids its members to participate in war in 
any form, and whose religious convictions are against war or partici- 
pation therein, in accordance with the creed of said religious organi- 
zation, to serve in the militia or any other armed or volunteer force 
under the jurisdiction and authority of the United States. 

19. Sec. 3. That the regularly enlisted, organized, and uniformed 
active mihtia in the several States and Territories and the District 
of Columbia who have heretofore participated or shall hereafter 
participate in the apportionment of the annual appropriation pro- 
vided by section sixteen hundred and sixty-one of the Revised Stat- 
utes of the United States, as amended, whether known and designated 
as national guard, militia, or otherwise, shall constitute the Organized 
Militia. On and after January twenty-first, nineteen hundred and 
ten, the organization, armament, and discipline of the Organized 
Militia in the several States and Territories and the District of Colum- 
bia shall be the same as that which is now or may hereafter be pre- 
scribed for the Regular Army of the United States, subject in time 
of peace to such general exceptions as may be authorized by the 
Secretary of War: Provided, That in peace and war each organized 
division of militia may have one inspector of small-arms practice 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel; each organized brigade of militia 
one inspector of small-arms practice with the rank of major; each 
regiment of infantry or cavalry of Organized Militia one assistant 
inspector of small-arms practice with the rank of captain, and each 
separate or unassigned battalion of infantry or engineers or squadron 
of cavalry of Organized Militia one assistant inspector of small-arms 



12 CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENERAL LAWS, 

practice with the rank of first heutenant: Provided also, That the 
President of the United States in time of peace may, by order, fix 
the minimum number of enhsted men in each company, troop, 
battery, signal corps, engineer corps, and hospital corps: And pro- 
vided further, That any corps of artillery, cavalry, and infantry exist- 
ing in any of the States at the passage of the act of May eighth, 
seventeen hundred and ninety-two, which, by the laws, customs, or 
usages of the said States, have been in continuous existence since the 
passage of said act, under its provisions and under the provisions of 
section two hundred and thirty-two and sections sixteen hundred 
and twenty-five to sixteen hundred and sixty, both inclusive, of title 
sixteen of the Revised Statutes of the United States, relating to the 
militia, shall be allowed to retain their accustomed privileges, subject, 
nevertheless, to all other duties required by law, in like maimer as 
the other mihtia. 

20. Sec. 4. That whenever the United States is invaded or in 
danger of invasion from any foreign nation, or. of rebellion against 
the authority of the Government of the United States, or the President 
is unable with the regular forces at his command to execute the laws 
of the Union, it shall be lawful for the President to call forth such 
number of the militia of the State or of the States or Territories or 
of the District of Columbia as he may deem necessary to repel such 
invasion, suppress such rebellion, or to enable him to execute such 
laws, and to issue his orders for that purpose, through the governor of 
the respective State or Territory, or through the commanding general 
of the militia of the District of Columbia, from which State, Territory, 
or District such troops may be called, to such officers of the mihtia 
as he may think proper. 

21. Sec. 5. That whenever the President calls forth the Organized 
Militia of any State, Territory, or of the District of Columbia, to 
be employed in the service of the United States, he may specify in 
his call the period for which such service is required, and the mihtia 
so called shall continue to serve during the term so specified, either 
within or without the territory of the United States, unless sooner 
reHeved by order of the President: Provided, That no commis- 
sioned officer or enhsted man of the Organized Mihtia shall be held 
to service beyond the term of his existing commission or enhst- 
ment: Provided further. That when the mihtary needs of the Federal 
Government arising from the necessity to execute the laws of the 
Union, suppress insurrection, or repel invasion, can not be met by 
the regular forces, the Organized Mihtia shall be caUed into the serv- 
ice of the United States in advance of any volunteer force which it 
may be determined to raise. 

22. Sec. 6. That when the mihtia of more than one State is called 
into the actual service of the United States by the President he 



CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENERAI, LAWS. 13 

may, in his discretion, apportion them among such States or Terri- 
tories or to the District of Columbia according to representative 
population. 

23. Sec. 7. That every officer and enlisted man of the militia 
who shall be called forth in the manner hereinbefore prescribed 
shall be mustered for service without further enlistment, and with- 
out further medical examination previous to such muster, except 
for those States and Territories which have not adopted the stand- 
ard of medical examination prescribed for the Kegular Army: Pro- 
vided, however, That any officer or enhsted man of the miHtia who 
shall refuse or neglect to present himself for such muster, upon being 
called forth as herein prescribed, shall be subject to trial by court- 
martial and shall be punished as such court-martial may direct. 

24. Sec. 8. That the majority membership of courts-martial for 
the trial of officers or men of the militia when in the service of the 
United States shall be composed of militia ofiicers. 

25. Sec. 9. That the mihtia, when called into the actual service 
of the United States, shall be subject to the same rules and Articles 
of War as the regular troops of the United States. 

26. Sec. 10. That the mihtia, when called into the actual service 
of the United States, shall, during their time of service, be entitled 
to the same pay and allowances as are or may be provided by law 
for the Regular Army. 

27. Sec. 11. That when the mihtia is called into the actual service 
of the United States, or any portion of the mihtia is called forth 
under the provisions of this act, their pay shall commence from the 
day of their appearing at the place of company rendezvous, but this 
provision shall not be construed to authorize any species of expendi- 
ture previous to arriving at such places of rendezvous which is not 
provided by existing laws to be paid after their arrival at such places 
of rendezvous. 

28. Sec. 12. There shall be appointed in each State, Territory, 
and District of Columbia an adjutant-general, who shall perform 
such duties as may be prescribed by the laws of such State, Terri- 
tory, and District, respectively, and make returns to the Secretary 
of War, at such times and in such form as he shall from time to 
time prescribe, of the strength of the Organized Militia, and also 
make such reports as may from time to time be required by the 
Secretary of War. That the Secretary of War shall, with his annual 
report of each year, transmit to Congress an abstract of the returns 
and reports of the adjutants-general of the States, Territories, and 
the District of Columbia, with such observations thereon as he may 
deem necessary for the information of Congress. 

29. Sec. 13. That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized to 
procure, by purchase or manufacture, and issue from time to time to 



14 CONSTITUTIONAL PKOVISIONS AND GENEEAL LAWS. 

the Organized Militia, under such regulations as he may prescribe, 
such number of the United States service arms, together with all 
accessories and such other accouterments, equipments, uniforms, 
clothing, equipage, and military stores of all kinds required for the 
Army of the United States, as are necessary to arm, uniform, and 
equip all of the Organized Militia in the several States, Territories, 
and the District of Columbia, in accordance with the requirements 
of this act, without charging the cost or value thereof, or any expense 
connected therewith, against the allotment of said State, Territory, 
or the District of Columbia out of the annual appropriation provided 
by section sixteen hundred and sixty-one of the Revised Statutes, as 
amended, or requiring payment therefor, and to exchange, without 
receiving any money credit therefor, ammunition or parts thereof 
suitable to the new arms, round for round, for corresponding ammu- 
nition suitable to the old arms heretofore issued to said State, Terri- 
tory, or the District of Columbia by the United States: Provided, 
That said property shall remain the property of the United States, 
except as hereinafter provided, and be annually accounted for by the 
governors of the States and Territories as required by law, and that 
each State, Territory, and the District of Columbia shall, on receipt 
of new arms or equipments, turn in to the War Department, or other- 
wise dispose of in accordance with the directions of the Secretary of 
War, without receiving any money credit therefor and without ex- 
pense for transportation, all United States property so replaced or 
condemned. When the Organized Militia is uniformed as above re- 
quired, the Secretary of War is authorized to fix an annual clothing 
allowance to each State, Territory, and the District of Columbia for 
each enlisted man of the Organized Militia thereof, and thereafter 
issues of clothing to such States, Territories, and the District of 
Columbia shall be in accordance with such allowance, and the gov- 
ernors of the States and Territories and the commanding general of 
the militia of the District of Columbia shall be authorized to drop 
from their returns each year as expended clothing corresponding in 
value to such allowance. The Secretary of War is hereby further 
authorized to issue from time' to time to the Organized Militia, under 
such regulations as he may prescribe, small arms and artillery ammu- 
nition upon the requisition of the governor, in the proportion of 
fifty per centum of the corresponding Regular Army allowance 
without charge to the State's allotment from the appropriation under 
section sixteen hundred and sixty-one. Revised Statutes, as amended. 
To provide means to carry into effect the provisions of this section, 
the necessary money to cover the cost of procuring, exchanging, or 
issuing of arms, accouterments, equipments, uniforms, clothing, 
equipage, ammunition, and military stores to be exchanged or issued 
hereunder is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury 



CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENEEAL LAWS. 15 

not otherwise appropriated: Provided, That the sujoi expended in 
the execution of the purchases and issues provided for ia this section 
shall not exceed the sum of two milhon dollars in any fiscal year: 
Provided also, That the Secretary of War shall annually submit to 
Congress a report of expenditures made by him in the execution of 
the requirements of this section. 

30. Sec. 14. That whenever it shall appear by the report of inspec- 
tions, which it shall be the duty of the Secretary of War to cause to 
be made at least once in each year by officers detailed by him for that 
purpose, that the Organized Militia of a State or Territory or of the 
District of Columbia is sufficiently armed, uniformed, and equipped 
for active duty in the field, the Secretary of War is authorized, on 
the requisition of the governor of such State or Territory, to pay to 
the quartermaster-general thereof, or to such other officer of the 
nulitia of said State as the said governor may designate and appoint 
for the purpose, so much of its allotment out of the said annual 
appropriation under section sixteen hundred and sixty-one of the 
Revised Statutes, as amended, as shall be necessary for the payment, 
subsistence, and transportation of such portion of said Organized 
Militia as shall engage in actual field or camp service for instruction, 
and the officers and enlisted men of such militia while so engaged 
shall be entitled to the same pay, subsistence, and transportation or 
travel allowances as officers and enlisted men of corresponding grades 
of the Regular Army are or may hereafter be entitled by law, and 
the officer so designated and appointed shall be regarded as a dis- 
bursing officer of the United States, and shall render his accounts 
through the War Department to the proper accounting officers of 
the Treasury for settlement, and he shall be required to give good and 
sufficient bonds to the United States, in such sums as the Secretary 
of War may direct, faithfully to account for the safe-keeping and 
payment of the public moneys so intrusted to him for disbursement. 

31. Sec. 15. That the Secretary of War is authorized to provide for 
participation by any part of the Organized Militia of any State, Terri- 
tory, or the District of Columbia, on the request of the governor of a 
State or Territory, or the commanding general of the militia of the 
District of Columbia, in the encampments, maneuvers, and field 
instruction of any part of the Regular Army, at or near any military 
post or camp or lake or sea-coast defenses of the United States. In 
such case the Organized Militia so participating shall receive the same 
pay, subsistence, and transportation as is provided by law for the 
ofl&cers and men of the Regular Army, and no part of the sums appro- 
priated for the support of the Regular Army shall be used to pay any 
part of the expenses of the Organized Militia of any State or Territory 
or the District of Columbia, while engaged in joint encampments, 
maneuvers, and field instruction of the Regular Army and militia: 



16 CONSTITUTIONAL! PROVISIONS AND GENBEAL LAWS. 

Provided, That the Secretary of War is authorized, under requisition 
of the governor of a State or Territory or the commanding general 
of the militia of the District of Columbia, to pay to the quartermaster- 
general, or such other officer of the militia as may be duly designated 
and appointed for the purpose, so much of its allotment, under the 
annual appropriation authorized by section sixteen hundred and 
sixty-one. Revised Statutes, as amended, as shall be necessary for 
the payment, subsistence, transportation, and other expenses of such 
portion of the Organized Militia as may engage in encampments, 
maneuvers, and field instruction with any part of the Regular Army 
at or near any military post or camp or lake or sea-coast defenses of 
the United States, and the Secretary of War shall forward to Congress, 
at each session next after said encampments, a detailed statement of 
the expense of such encampments and maneuvers: Provided, That 
the command of such military post or camp and the officers and troops 
of the United States there stationed shall remain with the regular 
commander of the post without regard to the rank of the commanding 
or other officers of the militia temporarily so encamped mthin its 
limits or in its vicinity: Provided further. That except as herein 
specified the right to command during such joint encampments, 
maneuvers, and field instruction shall be governed by the rules set 
out in Articles One hundred and twenty-two and One hundred and 
twenty-four of the rules and articles for the government of the 
armies of the United States. (36 Stat. L., 329.) 

32. Sec. 16. That whenever any officer or enlisted man of the 
Organized Militia shall upon the recommendation of the governor of 
any State, Territory, or the commanding general of the District of 
Columbia Militia, and when authorized by the President, attend and 
pursue a regular course of study at any military school or college of 
the United States, such officer or enlisted man shall receive from the 
annual appropriation for the support of the army, the same travel 
allowances and quarters or commutation of quarters to which an 
officer or enlisted man of the Regular Army would be entitled for 
attending such school or college under orders from proper military 
authority ; such officer shall also receive commutation of subsistence 
at the rate of one dollar per day and each enlisted man such sub- 
sistence as is furnished to an enlisted man of the Regular Army while 
in actual attendance upon a course of instruction. 

33. Sec. 17. That the annual appropriation made by section six- 
teen hundred and sixty-one, Revised Statutes, as amended, shall be 
available for the purpose of providing for issue to the Organized 
Militia any stores and supplies or publications which are supplied to 
the army by any department. Any State, Territory, or the District 
of Columbia may, with the approval of the Secretary of War, purchase 
for cash from the War Department, for the use of its militia, stores, 



CONSTITTTTIONAL PBOVISIO]SrS AND GENEBAL LAWS. 17 

supplies, material of war, or military publications, such as are fur- 
mshed to the army, in addition to those issued under the provisions 
of this act, at the price at which they are listed for issue to the army, 
with the cost of transportation added, and funds received from such 
sales shall be credited to the appropriations to which they belong 
and shall not be covered into the Treasury, but shall be available 
until expended to replace therewith the suppHes sold to the States 
and Territories and to the District of Columbia in the manner herein 
provided. 

34. Sec. 18. That each State or Territory furnished with material 
of war under the provisions of this or former acts of Congress shall, 
during the j'ear next preceding each annual allotment of funds, 
in accordance with section sixteen hundred and sixty-one of the 
Kevised Statutes, as amended, have required every companj-, troop, 
and battery in its Organized Militia not excused by the governor 
of such State or Territory, to participate in practice marches or go 
into camp of instruction at least five consecutive days, and to assem- 
ble for drUl and instruction at company, battalion, or regimental 
armories or rendezvous or for target practice not less than twenty- 
four times, and shall also have required during such year an inspec- 
tion of each such company, troop, and batterj- to be made by an 
officer of such militia or an ofhcer of the Regular Army. 

35. Sec. 19. That upon the apphcation of the governor of any 
State or Territory furnished with material of war under the pro- 
visions of this act or former laws of Congress, the Secretary of War 
may detail one or more officers of the army to attend any encamp- 
ment of the Organized Militia, and to give such instruction and 
information to the officers and men assembled in such camp as may 
be requested by the governor. Such officer or officers shall immedi- 
ately make a report of such encampment to the Secretary of War, 
who shall furnish a copy thereof to the governor of the State or 
Territory. 

36. Sec. 20. That upon the application of the governor of any 
State or Territory furnished with material of war under the provisions 
of this act, or former laws of Congress, the Secretary of War may, 
in his discretion, detail one or more officers or enlisted men of the 
army to report to the governor of such State or Territory for duty 
in connection with the Organized Militia. All such assignments 
may be revoked at the request of the governor of such State or Ter- 
ritory or at the pleasure of the Secretary of War. The Secretary of 
War is hereby authorized to appoint a board of five officers on the 
active list of the Organized Militia, so selected as to secure, as far 
as practicable, equitable representation to all sections of the United 
States, and which shall, from time to time, as the Secretary of War 
may direct, proceed to Washington, District of Columbia, for con- 

33265°— 11 2 



18 CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENEEAL LAWS. 

sultation with the Secretary of War respecting tlie condition, statue, 
and needs of the whole body of the Organized MiUtia. Such officers 
shall be appointed for the term of four years unless sooner relieved 
by the Secretary of War. 

The actual and necessary traveling expenses of the members of 
the board, together with a per diem to be established by the Sec- 
retary of Warj shall be paid to the members of the board. The 
expenses herein authorized, together with the necessary clerical and 
office expenses of the division of militia affairs in the office of the 
Secretary of War, shall constitute a charge against the whole sum 
annually appropriated under section sixteen hundred and sixty-one, 
Revised Statutes, as amended, and shall be paid therefrom, and not 
from the allotment duly apportioned to any particular State, Ter- 
ritory, or the District of Columbia; and a list of such expenses shall 
be submitted to Congress annually by the Secretary of War in con- 
nection with his annual report. 

37. Sec. 21. That the troops of the militia encamped at any military 
post or camp of the United States may be furnished such amounts 
of ammunition for instruction in firing and target practice as may be 
prescribed by the Secretary of War, and such instruction in firing 
shall be carried on under the direction of an officer selected for that 
purpose by the proper military commander. 

38. Sec. 22. That when any officer, noncommissioned officer, or 
private of the militia is disabled by reason of wounds or disabilities 
received or incurred in the service of the United States he shall be 
entitled to all the benefits of the pension laws existing at the time 
of his service, and in case such officer, noncommissioned officer, or 
private dies in the service of the United States or in returning to 
his place of residence after being mustered out of such service, or 
at any time, in consequence of wounds or disabilities received in such 
service, his widow and' children, if any, shall be entitled to all the 
benefits of such pension laws. 

39. Sec. 23. That for the purpose of securing a list of persons 
specially qualified to hold commissions in any volunteer force which 
may hereafter be called for and organized under the authority of 
Congress, other than a force composed of Organized Militia, the 
Secretary of War is authorized from time to time to convene boards 
of officers at suitable and convenient army posts in different parts 
of the United States, who shall examine as to their qualifications 
for the command of troops or for the performance of staff duties 
all applicants who shall have served in the Regular Army of the 
United States, in any of the volunteer forces of the United States, 
or in the Organized Militia of any State or Territory or District of 
Columbia, or who, being a citizen of the United States, shall have 
attended or pursued a regular coyrse of instruction in any military 



CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS AND GENERAL LAWS. 19 

school or college of the United States Army, or shall have graduated 
from any educational institution to which an ojQ&cer of the army or 
navy has been detailed as superintendent or professor pursuant to 
law after having creditably pursued the course of military instruction 
therein provided. Such examinations shall be under rules and 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of War, and shall be especially 
directed to ascertain the practical capacity of the applicant. The 
record of previous service of the applicant shall be considered as a 
part of the examination. Upon the conclusion of each examination 
the board shall certify to the War Department its judgment as to 
the fitness of the applicant, stating the office, if any, which it deems 
him qualified to fill, and, upon approval by the President, the names 
of the persons certified to be qualified shall be inscribed in a register 
to be kept in the War Department for that purpose. The persons 
so certified and registered shall, subject to a physical examination 
at the time, constitute an eligible class for commissions pursuant 
to such certificates in any volunteer force hereafter called for and 
organized under the authority of Congress, other than a force com- 
posed of Organized Militia, and the President may authorize persons 
from this class to attend and pursue a regular course of study at 
any military school or college of the United States other than the 
Military Academy at West Point and to receive from the annual 
appropriation for the support of the army the same allowances and 
commutations as provided in this act for officers of the Organized 
Militia: Provided, That no person shall be entitled to receive a com- 
mission as a second lieutenant after he shall have passed the age of 
thirty; as first lieutenant after he shall have passed the age of thirty- 
five; as captain after he shall have passed the age of forty; as major 
after he shall have passed the age of forty-five; as lieutenant-colonel 
after he shall have passed the age of fifty, or as colonel after he 
shall have passed the age of fifty-five: And provided further, That 
such appointments shall be distributed proportionately, as near 
as may be, among the various States contributing such volunteer 
force : And provided. That the appointments in this section provided 
for shall not be deemed to include appointments to any office in any 
company, troop, battery, battalion, or regiment of the Organized 
Mihtia which volunteers as a bodv or the officers of which are appointed 
by the governor of a State or Territory. 

40. Sec. 24. That all the volunteer forces of the United States 
called for by authority of Congress shall, except as hereinbefore pro- 
vided, be organized in the manner provided by the act entitled "An 
act to provide for temporarily increasing the military establishment 
of the United States in time of war, and for other purposes," approved 
April twenty-second, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight. 

41. Sec. 25. That sections sixteen hundred and twenty-five to 
sixteen hundred and sixty, both included, of title sixteen of the 



20 UNITED STATES PEOPEKTY. 

Kevised Statutes, and section two hundred and thirty-two thereof, 
relating to the mihtia, are hereby repealed. 

42. Sec. 26. That this act shall take effect upon the date of its 
approval. 

ARTICLE II. 

United States Property in Possession of the States, Terri- 
tories, AND the District of Columbia. 

(a) requisitions. 

43. Any stores, supplies, material of war, or military publications 
such as are furnished to the Regular Army by any department of 
the War Department, can be acquired by the Organized Militia from 
the funds appropriated under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 
amended, on requisitions duly submitted by the governor of any 
State, Territory, or the commanding general of the District of 
Columbia Militia or by any officer of the Organized Militia of the 
State or Territory or District of Columbia designated by him to 
make requisitions for stores in his name. (Sec. 17, militia law; 
decision War Department, Jan. 29, 1907.) 

44. United States service arms, together with all accessories, 
accouterments, equipments, uniforms, clothing, equipage, and mili- 
tary stores of all kinds required for the Army of the United States, 
as are necessary to arm, uniform, and equip all of the Organized 
Militia of the several States, Territories, and the District of Columbia 
for field service can be acquired under section 13 of the militia law 
on requisitions submitted by the governor of the State or Territory 
or the commanding general of the District of Columbia Militia or by 
any officer of the Organized Militia duly designated by him to make 
requisitions in his name. (Sec. 13, militia law, as amended.) 

45. United States property may be acquired by the Organized 
Militia in any one of the following ways : 

(a) By issue by the War Department, the cost thereof to be charged 
against the allotment to the State under section 1661, Revised Stat- 
utes, as amended. 

(6) By issue by the War Department, the charge to be made against 
the sum appropriated by Congress to procure supplies for the Organ- 
ized Militia as provided in section 13 of the militia law, as amended. 

(c) Field and coast artillery equipment, by issue by the War 
Department, to be charged against such special appropriations as 
are made by Congress for such purposes from time to time. 

(d) By purchase by the State from its own funds pursuant to the 
authority granted in section 17 of the militia law. 

With the exception of the last method indicated above, the prop- 
erty remains the property of the United States and must be accounted 
for to the War Department by the governor over his ov/n signature. 



UNITED STATES PEOPEETY. 21 

46. The governor of a State or Territory, or the commandmg 
general of the District of Columbia Militia, is required to keep dis- 
tinctly separated the United States property which pertains to each 
supply department, in all business transactions with the War Depart- 
ment in regard thereto, including requisitions, returns, and survey 
proceedings. 

The several supply departments of the War Department are as 
follows : 

Quartermaster's Department. 

Subsistence Department. 

Medical Department. 

Engineer Department. 

Ordnance Department. 

Signal Department. 

War College Division, General Staff (publications). 
Details of stores pertaining to the several supply departments are 
contained in the supply manuals of the departments. 

47. Requisitions should always contain the following: 

(ffi) A statement whether it is desired that the property shall be 
supplied from the funds allotted to the several States, Territories, 
and District of Columbia, under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 
amended, or charged against the amounts set aside by the Secretary 
of War for the purpose of procuring supplies and ammunition for 
issue to the several States, Territories, and District of Columbia, 
under authority granted in section 13 of the act of May 27, 1908. 

(6) A certificate of the officer making the requisition that the State, 
Territory, or District of Columbia has adequate and suitable storage 
facilities for the safe-keeping and preservation of the property carried 
on the requisition. (Circular, No. 12, D. M. A., 1909.) 

(c) A certificate signed by the governor of the State or Territory 
or the commanding general of the District of Columbia Militia, as 
follows : 

"I certify that the supplies called for by this requisition are required 

for the needs and uses of the Organized Militia of during the 

current fiscal year." 

(d) The complete shipping address of the officer to whom the prop- 
erty is to be shipped. 

48. Requisitions should be made on the regular prescribed blank 
forms supplied for the purpose. They should be separate for the 
supplies issued by each supply bureau and be made on forms as 
follows: For quartermaster's supplies, Form No. 4, Division of 
Militia Affairs; for subsistence stores, Form No. 42, supplied by the 
Subsistence Department; for ordnance and ordnance stores. Form 
No. 390, supplied by the Ordnance Department; for medical supplies^ 
Form No. 34, supplied by the Medical Department; for signal sup- 



22 UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 

plies, Form No. 60, supplied by the Signal Corps. For the supphes 
furnished by the Engineer Corps the requisition should be made in 
the form of a letter addressed to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, 
there being no form supplied by the Engineer Corps for this purpose. 

49. Requisitions for publications and blank forms will be submitted 
in the form of an ordinary letter addressed to the Chief, Division of 
Militia Affairs, except for the blanks of the Subsistence Department, 
which should be requisitioned for on Form No. 44, furnished by that 
department. 

50. Publications issued by the Division of Militia Affairs for use of 
members of the Organized Militia include a series of circulars, in 
which are published matters of general interest to the militia, and 
manuals of instruction for the members of the militia. These circulars 
are furnished to the several adjutants-general for distribution. Distri- 
bution to individual members of the Organized Militia, either com- 
missioned or enlisted, is not made by the Division of Militia Affairs. 

51. Publications prepared and issued from the Division of Militia 
Affairs can not be furnished under the provisions of section 17 of the 
militia law, as the division is not a recognized supply bureau. They 
may only be issued by the War College Division of the General Staff as 
indicated in paragraph 46 and charged in all cases against the allot- 
ment of a State or Territory or the District of Columbia under sec- 
tion 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, or procured, by purchase 
from State funds, from the superintendent of documents, office of 
the Public Printer, Washington, D. C. 

52. Property will be shipped by the supply departments to such 
place or places as may be most convenient to the State or Territorial 
authorities. 

53. In cases where a clothing allowance has been granted to a State 
under the provisions of section 1.3 of the militia law, the requisitions 
for clothing \mder that law must be limited for the fiscal year to a 
total value represented by $8.33J per man of the enlisted strength of 
the Organized Militia, as shown by the last reports of inspections 
made under section 14 of the militia law. This clothing allowance 
includes all articles mentioned in the annual clothing allowance for 
the regular service, as published in the annual War Department 
order in regard thereto, including ponchos, but does not include 
articles pertaining to or constituting a part of the dress or full dress 
uniforms, except dress uniforms for coast artillery troops. Full 
dress uniforms and all articles pertaining thereto must be requi- 
sitioned for under section 1661, Revised Statutes, or purchased under 
section 17 of the militia law. 

States and Territories for which the Secretary of War has fixed a 
clothing allowance will be notified annually of that fact by letter. 

64. In purchasing military stores from the War Department under 
the provisions of section 17 of the militia law, checks or postal 



UNITED STATES PEOPEETY. 23 

money orders to the value of the stores purchased should be drawn 
to the order of the head of the supply bureau from which issued, 
as, for example, for quartermaster's stores, "Pay to the Quarter- 
master-General; " for signal property, "Pay to the Chief Signal 
Officer," etc. 

The following instructions will be followed in the purchase of 
ordnance stores by the several States, Territories, and the District 
of Columbia, for the use of the Organized Militia, as authorized by 
section 17 of the militia law, and for the use of rifle clubs under the 
provisions of the act of Congress approved March 3, 1905: 

(a) Whenever any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia 
desires to purchase small arms, their parts or appendages, the com- 
manding officer of Rock Island Arsenal and the commanding officer 
of Springfield Armory are authorized to make sales of these articles 
on direct application to them by the governor of the State or by 
an officer of the Organized Militia of the State designated by the 
governor, and by the commanding general of the militia of the 
District of Columbia. Similarly, the commanding officer of Frank- 
ford Arsenal is authorized to sell upon like applications, and for 
the same purposes, small-arms ammunition and its components; and 
the commanding officer of Rock Island Arsenal, personal and horse 
equipments and their components. 

(b) Applications to the commanding officers of the arsenals named 
to make purchases of the above-named articles will state that the 
articles desired are for the use of the Organized Militia of the State 
making the application, or for the use of a rifle club organized under 
the rules promulgated by the National Board for the Promotion of 
Rifle Practice and approved by the Secretary- of War. Whenever 
funds accompany such application. Form No. 147, Ordnance Depart- 
ment, will be accomplished to show that payment has been made 
and that the articles purchased are for the purposes herein stated, 
and this form will be signed by the governor, or by the officer of 
the Organized Alilitia of the State making application in his name 
or by the commanding general of the militia of the District of 
Columbia. 

(c) Whenever it is desired to make purchases of the above-men- 
tioned articles at arsenals other than those named, or to make 
purchases of other articles of ordnance property at any arsenal, 
application will be made as indicated in paragraph 2 directly to 
the Chief of Ordnance, and if the sale is authorized 10 per cent will 
be added to the selling price to cover the cost of transportation 
from the manufacturing arsenal to the selling one, except in cases 
where such transportation is not involved. 

(d) Price list No. 1879 gives the prices at which small arms and 
hand arms, small-arms ammunition, personal equipments, horse 



24 UNITED STATES PEOPEETY. 

equipments, and miscellaneous articles for the use of troop, battery, 
and company organizations are furnished. Price list No. 1889 
gives the prices of ordnance and ordnance stores comprising the 
3-inch field guns and all the artillery material (including ammuni- 
tion) therefor. Price list No. 1890 gives the prices of ordnance and 
ordxiance stores comprising the 3-inch W. I. saluting and machine 
and automatic guns, and all the material (including ammunition) 
therefor. With the exception of rifles, carbines, and revolvers, the 
cost of packing is included in the prices given. The prices do not 
include cost of transportation to the address of the purchaser, but 
delivery will be made to the railroad station or express office nearest 
the arsenal making the sale, as desired, without extra charge. The 
prices covering the cost of packing boxes and arm chests for the 
magazine rifle, model of 1903, are given in price list No. 1879, and 
those covering the cost of packing revolvers are given herewith: 
For 1 revolver, 25 cents; for 2, 50 cents; for 3, 75 cents; for 4, SI; 
for 5 to 10, $1.25; for 11 to 15, $1.50; for 16 to 20, $2; for 21 to 25, 
$2.50; for 26 to 30, $3; for 31 to 35, $3.50; for 36 to 40, $4; for 
41 to 50, $4.25. 

(e) Applications for the purchase of ordnance and ordnance stores 
should describe the articles desired in accordance with the nomen- 
clature established in the price lists referred to in the preceding 
paragraph. 

Remittances in payment for articles of ordnance property should 
be by draft made payable to the order of the commanding officer of 
the arsenal making the sale and drawn on a national bank located 
conveniently for purposes of collection. When a different descrip- 
tion of articles, or a different method of remitting funds, is followed, 
delay may result in shipment of the articles purchased. 

if) When application is made to the Chief of Ordnance for the 
purchase of ordnance property, it is preferable to postpone the 
making of remittances until notification of the amount due is re- 
ceived by the purchaser from the commanding officer of the arsenal 
who may be authorized to make the sale. On the receipt of the 
notification, remittances will be made by the method indicated in 
the preceding paragraph. (Par. II, Circular, No. 9, D. M. A., 1908.) 

55. When troops of the Organized Militia are engaged in joint ma- 
neuvers or field exercises for instruction with regular troops under 
section 15 of the militia law, the Secretary of War will, on special 
application therefor, grant authority for the sale for cash to the 
States, Territories, and the District of Columbia for the use of the 
militia thereof, of any articles of military stores that are kept on hand 
by officers of the supply departments for sale to officers of the Regular 
Army. 

66. United States property can not be sold by the War Depart- 
ment to individual members of the Organized Militia, either directly 



UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 25 

or through the militaiy authorities of the State. Under the pro- 
visions of section 17 of the militia law, any State maj^, as indicated 
in paragraphs 45 and 55, with the approval of the Secretary of War, 
purchase for cash from the War Department any stores, supplies, 
material of war, or military publications, such as are furnished to 
the Army, at the price at which they are listed to the Army, with 
cost of transportation added. Articles so purchased become the 
propertjr of the State, and it is not within the province of the War 
Department to say what disposition the State shall make of such 
articles after they have been purchased. (See sec. 17, militia law; 
decision, W. D., June 23, 1903; decision, W. D., Jan. 28, 1907; par. 
9, Circular, No. 4, D. M. A., 1908.) 

57. Only those articles which have been adopted as standard 
articles of issue to the Regular Army can be obtained on requisition 
for the Organized Militia. 

58. Requisitions for United States property should be made with 
a view to supplying the needs of the Organized IMilitia for the fiscal 
year in which the requisition is submitted; the fiscal year ends June 
30. To this end all requisitions pertaining to a fiscal j^ear should be 
submitted prior to May 15. 

59. In requisitions for clothing, care should be taken to give the 
exact sizes, and if issued in pairs, as buttons and chevrons and stripes, 
to give the number of pairs of such articles desired. The latest blank 
forms, giving the numerical classification of sizes of clothing, should 
be used. 

60. As there are differences in many articles of clothing and supplies 
pertaining to the different arms of the service, there should always be 
stated on requisitions the arm of service for which the articles are 
intended, thus preventing the necessity of returning requisitions for 
this information. 

61. Issues are limited to the standard adopted types and models 
used in the regular service; experimental or provisional arms, equip- 
ments, or stores will not be issued. 

62. Invoices of and receipts for stores and supplies furnished under 
existing laws to the Organized Militia will be made out in the name of 
the governor of the State or Territory or the commanding general 
of the District of Columbia Militia, but they will be sent to the 
officers who are designated to sign the receipts for the stores and 
supplies. (Circular, No. 7, W. D., 1910.) 

63. The War Department has no statutory relations with the naval 
militia, nor does the naval militia constitute a part of the Organized 
Militia within the scope of the militia law. The department is, there- 
fore, without authority to sell stores for the use of the naval militia 
of a State, and the militia law conveys no authority for the exchange 



26 UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 

of arms issued to a State by the Navy Department for the use of its 
naval miUtia. (Sec. 1, militia law.) 

(6) ACCOUNTABILITY. 

64. The governor of a State or Territory, or the commanding gen- 
eral of the District of Columbia Militia, is accountable to the War 
Department for all United States property issued to the State, 
Territory, or District of Columbia by any supply department of the 
War Department. (Sec. 13, militia law, as amended.) 

65. It is contrary to the proper relation between the War Depart- 
ment and the States to issue stores where no adequate provision has 
been made by the State to protect them from deterioration through 
the action of the elements or from loss or damage through theft or 
fire. No field artillery material will be issued for the use of any field 
battery unless it is clearly shown by the State authorities that 
adequate armory facilities, both for instructional purposes and for 
safeguarding the material, have been furnished, and that a competent 
caretaker, who shall be a mechanic, is employed to take care of the 
material. 

66. Accountability and responsibility devolve upon any person to 
whom public property is intrusted and who is required to make 
returns therefor. Responsibility without accountability devolves 
upon one to whom such property is intrusted even temporarily, but 
who is not required to make returns therefor. In cases where formal 
invoices and receipts are not exchanged memorandum receipts should 
always be required by the accountable officer and given by the one who 
is intrusted with the property; an accountable ofiicer is relieved from 
responsibilty for property for which he holds a proper memorandum 
receipt; a responsible ofiicer is not relieved from responsibility for 
public property for which he has given a memorandum receipt until 
he has returned the property to the accountable officer, or has secured 
memorandum receipt from another, or until he has otherwise been 
relieved by the operation of regulations or orders. 

67. The chiefs of the various supply departments will issue the 
necessary instructions for the safe-keeping, preservation, and account- 
ability of all pubUc property issued. (Par. 2, sec. II, circular, W. D., 
June 25, 1906.) 

68. All public property issued to the Organized Militia as a charge 
against any federal appropriation shall remain the property of the 
United States, and shall be receipted for by the governor of the State 
or Territory, or the commanding general. District of Columbia Militia, 
or by some ofiicer of the Organized Militia thereof who shall be desig- 
nated by the governor of the State or Territory, or the commanding 
general. District of Columbia Militia, and shall be accounted for 
annually by said governor or commanding general as required by 



tJNiTED STATES PROPERTY. 27 

law, under such regulations as the Secretary of War may deem 
necessary to protect the interests of the United States. (Sec. 13, 
militia law, as amended.) 

69. Unless otherwise prescribed the same regulations that now 
govern accountability for public property in the Army will govern 
as to accountability for property issued to the Organized Militia, and 
the necessary blank forms for making the required returns of said 
property will be furnished to the governors of the several States and 
Territories and the commanding general of the militia of the District 
of Columbia on application to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, 
War Department. The value of such blank forms will constitute a 
charge against the allotment made to the State or Territory or the 
District of Columbia under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. 

70. Returns of public property will be made annually, showing the 
accountability on the 31st of December of each year, and must be 
sent within two months after December 31, direct to the Chief, Divi- 
sion of Militia Affairs, War Department, who will transmit the 
returns to the chiefs of the bureaus from which the property was 
obtained. 

71. As soon as practicable after receipt of the return by the chief 
of bureau, it will be examined in his office and the governor, or the 
commanding general of the militia of the District of Columbia, as the 
case may be, notified through the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, of 
all errors or irregularities found therein with a view to their correc- 
tion. If the necessary corrections be not made within three months 
from date of notification, or the chief of bureau advised why the 
corrections have not been made within that time, the facts will be 
reported to the Secretary of War, through the Chief, Division of Militia 
Affairs, in order that no more issues of military stores may be made 
until the errors or irregularities shall have been corrected or satisfac- 
torily explained. 

72." Whenever any property is lost, destroyed, stolen, or rendered 
unserviceable or unsuitable by reason of the fact that it has not been 
stored properly, or that reasonable care has not been exercised in 
regard to its safety or preservation, the United States considers that 
the State is responsible, under the terms of the law, for such loss, 
destruction, theft, unserviceability, or unsuitability. 

73. The cost of transportation of property issued to the Organized 
Militia, when returned by the governor of a State or T'erritory, or 
the commanding general of the District of Columbia Militia, to a 
depot or arsenal of the United States, for repair or replacement, must 
be paid from State funds or from funds appropriated for the support 
of the militia under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. 
(Decision, W. D., May 5, 1910.) 



28 UNITED STATES PBOPERTY. 

74. The responsibility of officers of the Organized Mihtia for 
damage to, or loss, theft, or destruction of United States property 
issued to them by State, Territorial, or District authorities is to the 
governor of the State or Territory, or to the commanding general of 
the District of Columbia Militia, who makes return therefor to the 
War Department, and it must be determined in each case by State, 
Territorial, or District law or regulation. The War Department can 
exercise no jurisdiction in regard thereto. It is a matter which does 
not affect the accountability of the governor or the commanding 
general to the United States for such property, 

75. The keys of storerooms or chests should not be intrusted to 
enlisted men or civilians without great vigilance on the part of the 
responsible officer and a resort to every reasonable precaution, 
including frequent personal inspections, to prevent loss or damage. 

76. Where property which has been supplied to a State, Territory, 
or the District of Columbia, under the provisions of section 1661, 
Revised Statutes, as amended, and has been charged against that 
State, Territory, or District of Columbia, is issued in connection with 
any emergency to persons not members of the militia, and when 
appropriation is made by the legislature of the State to cover the 
value of such property, the amount appropriated may be reimbursed 
to the United States by the State authorities making payment to 
the United States therefor; the property in question may then be 
dropped from returns and the State relieved of all liability for it. 
The amount thus reimbursed by the State to tlie United States will 
be credited to the general funds available under section 1661, Revised 
Statutes, and thereafter be reallotted to the State. (Decision of 
Comptroller, Jan. 21, 1904.) 

77. A transfer of public property involves a change of possession 
and accountability. In ordinary cases of transfer the transferring 
officer will furnish the receiving officer with invoices in duplicate 
accurately enumerating the property, and the latter will return dupli- 
cate receipts. In cases in which complete transfer of property occurs, 
instead of exchanging separate invoices and receipts, as above pro- 
vided, the receiving officer may make direct entry on the final return 
(both original and duplicate) of his predecessor that all the property 
thereon enumerated as on hand and transferred to successor was 
received by him. The transferring officer may make similar entry 
on his final return, stating that all the property therein enumerated 
as on hand and transferred to successor was actually turned over by 
him. (Par. 669, Army Regulations, 1908.) 

78. Whenever the materiel of a field battery, or parts thereof, 
including range-finding instruments, harness, and equipments, are in 
need of repairs requiring the services of skilled mechanics of the 
Ordnance Department, the commanding officer of the battery will 



UNITED STATES PKOPEETY. 29 

submit, through miHtary channels, to the adjutant-general of the 
State or Territory, or of the militia of the District of Columbia, a 
report describing in detail the character and extent of the repairs 
required and the cause of the damaged condition of each article. 
The adjutant-general of the State or Territory or of the militia of the 
District of Columbia, if the making of the repairs is approved, will 
forward the report to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, request- 
ing that the repairs be made by the Ordnance Department, and their 
cost charged to the allotment of the State or Territory or the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, under section 1661 of the Revised Statutes, as 
amended. Upon receipt of such request, approved by the Secretary 
of War, the Chief of Ordnance will cause the repairs to be made, and 
upon their completion will report the cost thereof to the Chief, Divi- 
sion of Militia Affairs. The cost of transportation of materials, 
tools, and supplies required in making the repairs will be reported to 
the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, by the Quartermaster-General 
of the Army. 

79. To facilitate the inspection and repair by the Ordnance Depart- 
ment of field artillery material issued to the militia, the States and 
Territories and the District of Columbia are assigned to territorial 
districts, and the latter are placed under the charge of officers of the 
Ordnance Department, as follows: 

Of the commanding officer, Watertown Arsenal, at Watertown, 
Mass.: The States of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massa- 
chusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. 

Of the chief ordnance officer, Department of the East, at New York 
Arsenal, Governors Island, New York Harbor: The States of New 
York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
West Virginia, and the District of Columbia. 

Of the chief ordnance officer. Department of the Gulf, at Augusta 
Arsenal, Augusta, Ga. : The States of North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi. 

Of the chief ordnance officer. Department of Texas, at San Antonio, 
Tex. : The States of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Colorado, 
and Utah, and the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona. 

Of the chief ordnance officer. Department of California, at Benicia 
Arsenal, Benicia, Cal.: The States of California, Nevada, Oregon, 
Washington, and Idaho, and the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii. 

Of the commanding officer, Rock Island Arsenal, at Rock Island, 
111. : The States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Wis- 
consin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota? 
North Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming. (General Orders, No. 22, 
W. D., 1908.) 

80.. The field artillery material issued to the Organized Militia will 
be inspected twice each year by an officer of the Ordnance Depart- 



30 UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 

ment designated by the Chief of Ordnance under orders issued by 
the War Department. One of the inspections will be made between 
January 1 and May 15, and, if practicable, at the same time as the 
inspections prescribed in section 14 of the act of Congress approved 
January 21, 1903; the other inspection will be made between August 
15 and December 31. The interval between inspections will be ap- 
proximately six months. 

81. Uponreceiptof orders to inspect the field artillery material in the 
possession of any State or Territory or of the District of Columbia, 
the inspecting officer will notify the adjutant-general of his desig- 
nation for the duty and the date upon which each battery will be 
inspected by him. At each inspection all material issued to a bat- 
tery by the United States will be examined and maneuvered in 
such manner as will enable the inspecting officer to fully determine 
its condition. Whenever practicable, not to exceed two rounds 
will be fired from each field gun by the inspecting officer, the ammu- 
nition for this purpose being furnished by the United States. Com- 
manding officers of batteries and State officials should render such 
assistance as may be required by the inspecting officer in the per- 
formance of his duty, including the furnishing of details of men 
that may be needed for maneuvering, firing, dismounting, and as- 
sembling the material. Upon the completion of the inspection of 
each battery the inspecting officer will submit a report in duplicate 
on the prescribed form to the Chief of Ordnance, one copy of which 
will be forwarded through proper channels to the commanding officer 
of the battery for his information. The report will state in detail the 
condition of all parts of the equipment of the battery, and if defective 
in any way the character and extent of the repairs required and the 
causes of the defective condition of the equipment. 

82. Upon receipt of instructions from the Chief of Ordnance to 
make repairs to the material issued to a battery of the militia, a des- 
ignated officer of the Ordnance Department, by direct communica- 
tion with the commanding officer of the battery, will arrange for 
making the repairs at a convenient time and inform the commanding 
officer of the battery of the probable number of men that will be 
required to assist the mechanic or mechanics designated to make the 
repairs. The repairs generally will be made by skilled mechanics of 
the Ordnance Department sent to the battery for the purpose, who 
will report their arrival and departure in person to the commanding 
officer thereof. The commanding ofiicer of the battery, in the absence 
of an officer of the Ordnance Department, will supervise the work done 
by the mechanics, keep a record of the number of hours worked each 
day by each mechanic, and upon the completion of the repairs will 
forward the time record to the proper officer of the Ordnance Depart- 



UNITED STATES PKOPEBTY. 31 

ment with a statement showing the date and hour of arrival and depar- 
ture of each mechanic and the manner in which he conducted himself 
while on the dut}'. 

83. In case the governor of a State or Territory, or the commanding 
general of the militia of the District of Columbia, should desire to 
have the cost of the repairs paid out of funds at his disposal instead 
of out of the allotment under section 1661 of the Revised Statutes, as 
amended, the adjutant-general is authorized to make request directly 
to the officer of the Ordnance Department in charge of the district to 
make the repairs. Upon receipt of such request the latter will sub- 
mit to the adjutant-general an estimate of the cost of the repairs 
and request remittance to him of the funds required. Upon receipt of 
the funds the repairs will be made. When they shall have been com- 
pleted the adjutant-general wiU be furnished with an itemized state- 
ment in duplicate of the cost of the repairs and any unexpended balance 
of the funds will be returned . The officer making the rep airs will submit 
to the Chief of Ordnance a report showing in detail the character and 
extent of the repairs and the serial numbers of the guns and vehicles 
to which the repairs were made, including a copy of the itemized 
statement of their cost. 

84. In case it should be impracticable for the commanding officer of 
the battery to furnish men to assist the mechanic or mechanics, the 
necessary labor wiU be employed by the officer of the Ordnance 
Department and the cost thereof charged to the State or Territory 
or the District of Columbia. (General Orders, No. 22, W. D., 1908.) 

85. AU material, tools, and supplies required in making repairs to 
any battery, and the ammunition to be used by the inspecting officer, 
will be shipped to the commanding officer of the battery, who wiU be 
charged with their safe-keeping, and who wiU immediately report 
their arrival to the officer of the Ordnance Department in charge of 
the district. 

86. When necessary to ship material, tools, or supplies to any battery 
for use in making repairs, or to ship any parts to a manufacturing 
arsenal for repairs that can not be made by ordnance mechanics at the 
station of the battery, the shipment will be made by freight by the 
officer of the Ordnance Department in charge of the district, or by the 
nearest officer of the Quartermaster's Department of the Army, as 
prescribed in paragraph 1151, Army Regulations, 1908. 

87. When the 3-inchfield artillerymaterial is received by any battery 
of the Organized Militia, the commanding officer of the battery will 
promptly notify the adjutant-general of the State or Territory, or of the 
militia of the District of Columbia, who in turn will report its receipt to 
the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, in order that an officer of the army 
may be sent by the War Department to instruct the personnel of the 
battery in the care, preservation, and use of th^ materiel. 



32 • UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 

88. The adjutant-general of each State and Territory, and of the 
militia of the District of Columbia, are requested to issue such orders 
as may be necessary to insure the carrying out of the foregoing 
instructions. 

(c) INSPECTIONS UNDER SECTION 14, MILITIA LAW. 

89. The Secretary of War shall cause to be made at least once each 
year an inspection of the Organized Militia of each State, Territory, 
and the District of Columbia, by officers detailed for that purpose, 
with a view to ascertaining the condition of the Organized Militia 
in regard to matters of organization and equipment, including the 
strength of the organizations and the quantity and condition of 
United States property in the possession of the Organized Militia, 
and also the armory and storage facilities provided by the States, 
Territories, and the District of Columbia for the care and preservation 
of the property, and for indoor instruction. 

90. The commanding generals of the various geographical depart- 
ments of the Regular Army have immediate charge of this inspec- 
tion within the limits of their departments, and will, as soon as practi- 
cable, after the 1st of January of each year, designate such number of 
experienced ofhcers of the Regular Army, including officers in active 
service or officers on the retired list of the army who are already on 
duty with the Organized Militia, as may be necessary to inspect all of 
the Organized Militia of the States and Territories lying within the 
limits of their respective commands. (Par. 190, Army Regulations, 
1908.) 

91. When practicable, officers designated by department command- 
ers under the provisions of paragraph 90 will be selected from the 
same arm of service as the units which they are designated to inspect. 

The number of officers to be designated for this work will depend 
upon the number of cities and towns in which the militia organizations 
are located, the object being to perform the work of inspection as 
expeditiously as practicable, with due consideration for thoroughness 
and economy of expenses of transportation. All inspections must 
be completed not later than May 1. 

92. Commanding generals of departments will communicate with 
the adjutants-general of States and Territories and the commanding 
general of the Militia of the District of Columbia, with a view to 
arranging all details as to dates and places of the various inspections. 
They will ascertain the number of inspecting officers that will be 
necessary to make these inspections, will arrange their itineraries, 
after consultation with the state or territorial authorities, as to the 
most advantageous arrangement that can be made in each case, and 



UNITED STATES PEOPEETY. 33 

will issue such orders and take such further steps as may be necessary 
to accomplish the inspection. 

93. Inspecting officers, as soon as they have been designated as 
such by department commanders, will make application directly to 
the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, for the necessary blank forms, 
indicating, in connection therewith, the number and character of the 
organizations which they are ordered to inspect. As soon as these 
forms are received. Form iSTo. 11 will be transmitted by the inspecting 
officer to the commanding officer of each organization which he is 
ordered to inspect, with rec(uest that page 2 (or 2-a) of the form be 
filled in as indicated thereon, and that the propert}' enumerated on 
the other pages be arranged, as far as practicable, in convenient 
order for inspection. The commanding officer of the organization 
should also be requested to be prepared to furnish the inspecting 
officer -with the information called for on the last two pages of the 
blank forms. 

94. In making arrangements as to date, hours, and places of 
inspections care should be taken to consult the convenience of the 
officers and men of the Organized ]\Iihtia. In the case of regiments 
composed of scattered companies it is not necessary for these inspec- 
tions that the units of organizations should be brought together; it 
will be practicable to carry out all the requirements of the inspection 
by inspecting the separate units at their home armories. 

The inspections should be made as expeditiously as possible, the 
reports thereof prepared immediately following the inspection and 
submitted in duplicate promptly to the commanding general of the 
department. The latter will review the reports as to their complete- 
ness and accuracy and will then forward the original, with his com- 
ments indorsed thereon, to the War Department for reference to the 
Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, and for file in his office. The dupli- 
cate report will be retained by the department commander for his 
information and for file at department headquarters. 

95. Where there are National Guard, division, or brigade head- 
quarters separate from the general headquarters of the militia, the 
composition of the staff of each should be reported, giving the names 
and grades of rank of the officers and enlisted men belonging thereto, 
and making a distinction between those commissioned officers who 
are actual members of the Organized Militia, and those who are 
honorary appointees of the governor. It is not required, however, 
that the personnel of these headquarters shall be paraded for in- 
spection, and this will not be done unless it is so desired by the mili- 
tary authorities of the State or Territory. 

33265°— 11 3 



34 UNITED STATES PEOPEETY. 

96. Members of organizations temporarily absent from their home 
stations may be attached, by order of competent military authority 
of the State or Territory, to other organizations of the State or 
Territory for inspection, and the inspecting officer in submitting his 
report to the War Department will give credit for the presence of 
such members in his inspections of the latter organizations, noting 
the circumstances by remarks in his report. 

97. Commanding officers of mihtia organizations who receive blank 
forms from inspecting officers, as explained in paragraph 93 above, 
will submit for inspection to the inspecting officer upon his arrival all 
property in the possession of the organizations that is enumerated on 
the blank forms (Form No. 11, D. M. A.), whether United States prop- 
erty or not. This property will be inspected by the inspector on his 
arrival, who will assure himself, by detailed inventory or otherwise, that 
the articles enumerated in the report are in the possession of the organi- 
zation and are in serviceable condition for field service. He wiU 
report as available for field service only such articles as conform to 
the existing standards for the Regular Army for field service. The 
inspection will include all property in the possession of the organiza- 
tion, available for field service or used in preparation for field service 
duties, which is of the pattern and quality issued to the Regular Army. 

98. Only such property that has been actually seen and examined 
by the inspector will be included in the report (Form No. 11, 
D. M. A. ) . In determining the question of serviceability or unservice- 
ability of property, the inspector will be guided by Regular Army 
standards. Should the number of articles classified as "serviceable" 
by the inspector be less than the number required for equipping the 
minimum authorized strength of the organization (pars. 227-240) 
the difference will be reported as a deficiency, under the heading 
"deficient." 

99. By personal examination of the records of organizations, 
inspecting ofiicers will inform themselves whether each State or Ter- 
ritory or the District of Columbia furnished with material of war, 
during the year next preceding each annual allotment of funds in 
accordance with section 1661 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, 
has required every company, troop, and battery in its Organized 
Mihtia, not excused by the governor of such State or Territory or the 
commanding general of the District of Columbia Militia, to participate 
in practice marches or go into camp of instruction at least five con- 
secutive days, and to assemble for drill and instruction at company, 
battaHon, or regimental armories or rendezvous, or for target practice 
not less than twenty-four times, as required by section 18 of the 
militia law. 



UNITED STATES PEOPEETY. 35 

100. Inspecting officers will ascertain and report the character of 
physical examination required for enlistment, and in case the stand- 
ard of physical examination prescribed by circular of the War Depart- 
ment of February 8, 1904, has been adopted, they will ascertain 
whether or not said examinations are properly made. 

101. The inspecting officer will verbally inform the organization 
commander of all irregularities or deficiencies noted in connection 
with the subject of organization, armament, and equipment, and 
will at the same time offer such assistance, advice, or suggestions 
as may be practicable, looking to their correction. 

While no inspection, test, or report will be made as to the degree 
of instruction or discipline of the organization, as this pertains 
exclusively to the field inspections and reports made of the summer 
encampments, it is desired that the inspecting officers take advan- 
tage of the opportunity to impart instruction, but only in such sub- 
jects and in such manner as is acceptable to the organization com- 
mander. The following subjects for instruction are considered espe- 
cially important: Care of the rifle, particularly the bore and the 
breech mechanism; necessity for developing squad leadership; care 
of the feet and selection of good marching shoes; scouting and 
patrolling, including practice in preparing and transmitting messages. 

102. The following conditions wUl govern inspectors in passing 
upon the question of conformity to the requirements of section 14 in 
regard to the strength of organizations, physical condition of the 
persoimel, and sufficiency of arms, uniforms, and equipments for 
active service in the field: 

(a) Each officer and enlisted man should have one complete serv- 
iceable uniform, and each officer should have the articles of personal 
equipment and armament pertaining to his rank and duty as pro- 
vided in War Department orders for the uniform. 

(6) Each organization should be suppUed with a sufficient quantity 
of the articles of personal armament and equipment, as specified in 
paragraph 242, to arm and equip its minimum strength as given in 
paragraphs 231 to 240. 

(c) Each organization should have on hand, or in storage, the proper 
kind and amount of tentage as given under (a), paragraph 244, the 
proper number of tools and utensils as given xmder (d), paragraph 244; 
the proper field-cooking outfit as given in paragraph 245; one field 
desk, and one hand Utter. 

(d) In addition to the above, each signal corps company should 
have the articles enumerated in paragraph 246, each battery of field 
artillery should have the articles enumerated in paragraph 248, each 
engineer company should have the articles enumerated in para- 
graph 249. 



36 UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 

(e) Medical officers attached to independent troops, companies, 
batteries, battalions, or squadrons should be supplied with one 
"medical and surgical chest for detached service" as enumerated in 
paragraph 606, Medical Manual, 1906, and each sergeant attached to 
such independent organizations should be supplied with one emer- 
gency case as enumerated in paragraph 475, same manual; each 
regiment should be supplied with the articles enumerated for the 
regimental hospital in paragraph 592, Medical Manual, 1906, except 
that the chest, food, enumerated under (a) of that paragraph need 
not be filled, and the harness, mules, and wagons enumerated under 
(c) of that paragraph need not be kept on hand. 

103. The inquiry and report of inspecting officers are not necessarily 
limited to the matters specially mentioned, but should be broad 
enough in scope to enable them to furnish complete information 
desired under section 14 of the militia law, and to state causes of, 
and suggest remedies for, deficiencies found to exist. 

104. If, in the opinion of the inspecting officer, any organization 
fails to conform to the requirements of paragraph 102, or if the 
question of conformity is doubtful in the mind of the inspecting 
officer, he will make special report in regard thereto. All such 
cases will be presented to the Secretary of War for his consideration as 
to whether the defects or deficiencies noted by the inspector are such 
as to amount to a failure to comply with the requirements of the 
mUitia law. 

DROPPING OF PROPERTY. 

105. United States property which has been issued to the governor 
of a State or Territory, or to the commanding general, District of 
Columbia Militia, as a charge against a federal appropriation, can 
only be dropped from the returns of the governor or commanding 
general in two ways: One, by survey proceedings, as provided in 
section 4 of the act approved June 22, 1906; and, two, clothing 
only may be dropped from the returns, without survey proceedings, 
to the value of the clothing allowance, in cases where such allowance 
has been fixed by the Secretary of War, under the provisions of 
section 13 of the militia law. 

106. Whenever an officer of the Organized Militia who is responsible 
for United States property shall discover that any of such property 
has been lost, stolen, or destroyed, or has become unserviceable or 
unsuitable, from use in service, or from any other cause, he should 
report immediately the fact, through proper militia channels, to the 
adjutant-general of the State or Territory or of the District of Columbia 
Militia. The governor of the State or Territory or the commanding 
general of the District of Columbi^Militia should, at the earliest prac- 
ticable date thereafter, appoint a disinterested surveying officer of the 



UNITED STATES PEOPBETY. 37 

Organized Militia to examine the property, or into the circumstances 
connected with the loss, theft, or destruction. The report of the sur- 
veying ofHcer should be forwarded by the governor or commanding 
general to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, for examination and 
presentation to the Secretary of War. This report should be made 
out in triplicate, and a separate report should be made for each class 
of property involved — Quartermaster's, Subsistence, Medical, Engi- 
neer, Ordnance, Signal, and for Publications. The report should be 
made on Form No. 16, D. M. A., and should, when practicable, include 
the original invoice value of the property and the date when the 
stores or supplies were issued to the organization. 

107. If it shall appear to the Secretary of War from the proceed- 
ings of the surveying officer that the property has been lost or 
destroyed through unavoidable causes, he is authorized to relieve the 
State, Territory, or District of Columbia from further accountability 
therefor. If, in the opinion of the Secretary of War, the evidence 
submitted with the proceedings is not such as to show that the loss 
or destruction of the property could not have been avoided by the 
exercise of reasonable care, the money value thereof will be charged 
against the allotment of said State, Territory, or District of Columbia, 
as the case maybe, under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, 
unless the property is replaced in kind, by purchase, under the pro- 
visions of section 17 of the militia law, in which case further action 
would be rendered unnecessary. 

108. Publications issued as a charge against a federal appropria- 
tion, with the exception of such manuals and regulations as are 
rendered obsolete by the issue of later editions, and which may be 
dropped under the provisions of General Orders, No. 179, War 
Department, November 28, 1904, are not expendable property, and 
whenever the action of a surveying of&cer thereon becomes necessary 
a report should be made for the consideration of the Secretary of War. 

109. If the articles surveyed are found to be unserviceable or 
unsuitable, the surveying officer should so report and the Secretary 
of War will direct what disposition, by sale or otherwise, shall be 
made of them, except unserviceable clothing, which must be destroyed, 
but this action must in all cases await the order of the Secretary of 
War. An affidavit must be made by a disinterested officer of the 
Organized Militia on the record of survey that such destruction was 
accomplished in his presence. The proceeds from sales of articles 
will be deposited to the credit of the Treasurer of the United States, 
in the Treasury of the United States, or in a United States deposi- 
tary, as indicated in paragraph 119. 

The cost of transportation of unserviceable and unsuitable property 
turned in to a United States arsenal or depot is a proper charge 
against the appropriation "Transportation of the Army and its 
supplies." 



38 UNITED STATES PEOPEBTY. 

110. Each State, Territory, and the District of Columbia shall, on 
receipt of new arms or equipments, turn in to the War Department, 
or otherwise dispose of, in accordance with the directions of the 
Secretary of War, aU old arms or equipments theretofore in their 
possession. (Sec. 13, militia law, as amended.) 

111. The report of the surveying officer should show in detail 
opposite each article on his report in what respect the article is unserv- 
iceable or unsuitable. It will also indicate in each case, for the 
guidance of the Secretary of War, the disposition which, in his 
opinion, should be made of said property. Should the surveying 
officer recommend the sale of the property, the recommendation wUl 
state whether by auction or by inviting bids from dealers or others 
likely to purchase said articles, and will give reasons therefor. In 
case any public property is rendered unserviceable through causes 
other than the ordinary incidents of service, the surveying officer 
should investigate fully the circumstances, report the facts, and, if 
possible, fix the personal responsibility therefor. 

112. A surveying officer should elicit all evidence obtainable, 
and should not limit his inquiries to affidavits or statements presented 
by interested parties, especially in cases of alleged theft or embezzle- 
ment, and he should not recommend the relief of officers or soldiers 
from responsibility unless fully satisfied that those charged with the 
care of the property have performed their whole duty in regard to it. 
He should hear in person or by deposition all persons concerned. 
Before relief from accountability will be granted on account of the 
loss or theft of small arms, conclusive evidence must be submitted 
with the report that every possible precaution had been taken for 
their safe-keeping. Evidence will be presented, also, to show what 
steps were taken for the recovery of lost or stolen property. 

113. Only an officer on the active list of the Organized Militia can 
act as surveying officer. An officer of the Army, active or retired, 
on duty with the Organized Militia, can not so act, unless, in the 
case of a retired officer, he shall have been commissioned as an officer 
of the Organized Militia. 

114. Officers responsible for property to be surveyed will in all 
cases furnish the surveying officer with original affidavits by them- 
selves and by such witnesses as they may rely upon to relieve them 
from responsibility, and three duly attested copies of such affidavits 
must accompany the report. 

115. The following classification of the causes of damage to and of 
loss and destruction of military property will govern in all survey 
proceedings : 

1. Unavoidable causes are those over which the responsible offi- 
cers have no control, occurring (a) in the ordinary course of service; 



UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 39 

(b) as incident to active field service; (c) accident or destruction 
without fault or neglect of the responsible officer. 

2. Avoidable causes are those due to carelessness, willfulness, or 
neglect. 

116. Unserviceable property is, with reference to its disposition, 
divided into classes, as follows : 

1. Property worn out in the service and which has no salable value. 

2. Property worn out by fair wear and tear in the service which 
presumably has some salable value. 

3. Property which has been rendered unserviceable from causes 
other than fair wear and tear in the service. 

Before United States property can be established as worthless, and 
be properly dropped from property returns, the report of the survey- 
ing officer must have received the approval of the Secretary of War. 

Great care should be taken to prevent property once condemned 
and ordered dropped from the returns from being again presented 
for inspection. When property is presented to a surveying officer 
for condemnation the officer responsible will certify in the inventory 
that the property has not been previously condemned. 

117. Clothing infected with contagious diseases may be destroyed 
prior to the action of a surveying officer, provided the necessity for 
such destruction is certified to by a competent physician cognizant 
of the facts. Such certificate should set forth the facts and be made 
a part of the subsequent survey proceedings. 

118. The order of the Secretary of War directing a sale of con- 
demned property will indicate the method of advertisement, which 
will generally be by means of circulars posted in public places, and sent 
by mail to dealers and others likely to purchase. If advertisement 
in newspapers is indicated the provisions of paragraphs 502 to 512 
Army Regulations apply, and request for special authority to adver- 
tise must be made upon prescribed forms, designating the newspapers 
in which advertisement is desired. 

119. The net proceeds of a sale of condemned property, after de- 
ducting necessary and reasonable expenses of advertising and auction- 
eer's fee, will be deposited by the adjutant-general of the State or Ter- 
ritory or of the MUitia of the District of Columbia, in a United States 
depositary to the credit of the Treasurer of the United States; if 
received from sales of condemned property pertaining to other than 
the Ordnance Department, the funds must be deposited as "miscel- 
laneous receipts on account of proceeds of government property;" if 
from sales of condemned ordnance stores, the deposits must be made 
on account of "sales of condemned ordnance stores." 

120. Immediately after a sale of condemned property pertaining 
to any department except the Subsistence Department, an itemized 
report will be made by the adjutant-general of the State or Territory 



40 UNITED STATES PEOPERTY. 

or of the Militia of the District of Columbia to the Chief, Division of 
Militia Affairs, showing date and place of sale, quantity and kind of 
articles sold, prices obtained, names of purchasers, expenses of. sale, 
and gross and net proceeds. This report will be accompanied by a 
copy of the order authorizing the sale, and proper vouchers for the 
expenses of the sale. The report pertaining to quartermaster's sup- 
plies will be made on Form No. 9, Division of Militia Affairs, 
"Account of sales at auction;" that pertaining to ordnance and ord- 
nance stores on Form No. 272, "Abstract of sales. Ordnance Departs 
ment;" that pertaining to medical supplies on Forms Nos. 15 and 16, 
Medical Department ; that pertaining to engineer property on Form 
No. 27, Engineer Department, "Account of .sales at auction," and 
that pertaining to signal corps property on Form No. 214, "In- 
ventory of property sold," and Form No. 215, "Account of sales," 
Signal Corps, all in duplicate. The report of the sale of condemned sub- 
sistence property will be made on Form No. 13, Subsistence Depart- 
ment, "Account of sales at auction and on sealed proposals," by the 
disbursing officer who takes up on his account current the money 
realized from the sale. 

121. Officers of the Organized Militia to whom United States 
property is issued by governors of the States or Territories or by the 
commanding general, District of Columbia Mihtia, and who thus 
become responsible for the care, preservation, and proper use of 
such property, should be required to give bond to the state, territory, 
or district authorities for the proper care and safekeeping of such 
property, and should be charged by said authorities for any damage 
thereto or loss or destruction thereof due to avoidable causes. The 
moneys so collected should be deducted from any state pay that 
may be due or that may become due such responsible officers for 
military services, unless they shall show to the satisfaction of the 
proper authorities, by their own affidavits or by those of otlier wit- 
nesses, that the damage, loss, or destruction was occasioned by 
unavoidable causes and without fault or neglect on their part. It 
should be understood, however, that this is a matter solely between 
the officer involved and the local military authorities. The trans- 
actions involved in connection with this procedure do not affect the 
accountabihty of governors or the commanding general. District of 
Columbia Mifitia, to the United States. 

122. The question of the disposition of funds collected by state or 
territorial authorities from individuals to whom United States 
property has been issued by governors, as indicated in paragraph 121, 
and who may become responsible for the loss or destruction of such 
property is one solely for determination by the state or territorial 
authorities and not by the War Department; the latter is not in'; 



UNITED STATES PROPERTY. 41 

position nor authorized by law to decide that individual members of 
the Organized Mihtia who are responsible for the loss or destruction 
of property shall, or shall not, be charged with the value thereof. 

123. There is no authority of law for depositing to the credit of 
any federal appropriation funds collected from members of the 
Organized Mihtia as indicated in paragraph 121. Funds so received 
belong to the State or Territory, not to the United States. They 
may be used by state or territorial authorities, if so desired, to 
replace the property involved, in kind, under the provisions of 
section 17 of the mihtia law. 

124. After a report of a surveying officer has received the con- 
sideration of the Secretary of War, and fuial action thereon has been 
taken in the War Department, two copies of the report, having the 
action of the War Department indorsed thereon, will be returned to 
the adjutant-general of the State or Territory, one for the retained 
fUes of his office and the other for use as a voucher of the next annual 
return of tlie governor of the State or Territory, or the commanding 
general. District of Columbia Mihtia. 

125. The Secretary of War may relieve a State, Territory, or 
the District of Columbia from further accountabifity for property, 
lost or destroyed vdthout fault or neglect, or that has become unserv- 
iceable or unsuitable from use in service, even though the property 
was lost, destroyed, or rendered unserviceable or unsuitable prior 
to the passage of the act of June 22, 1906, amending section 1661, 
Revised Statutes. Likewise, the money value of property lost or 
destroyed by reason of carelessness or negligence may be charged 
against the aUotment under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 
amended, even though such loss or destruction occurred prior to 
the passage of the act of June 22, 1906, amending section 1661, Re- 
vised Statutes. (Decision, W. D., Apr. 18, 1907.) 

126. The provisions of section 13 of the militia law, which permit 
the governors of States and Territories and the commanding general 
of the District of Columbia Militia to drop from their returns each 
year clothing corresponding in value to the clothing allowance, does 
not become operative until the governor of such State, Territory, 
or the commanding general of the District of Columbia Militia has 
been notified by the War Department that a clothing allowance 
has been fixed for the State, Territory, or the District of Columbia 
by the Secretary of War. (Circular, No. 9, D. M. A., 1909.) 

127. Clothing dropped in accordance with section 13, mihtia law, 
will be fisted on Form No. 27, Division of Mihtia Affairs, at the 
prices Hsted in Circular, No. 17, D. M. A., 1910. If, in any particular 
case, a price is not so fisted one will be fixed therefor on appHcation 
to the Chief, Division of MiUtia Affairs. 



42 TARGET EANGES. 

ARTICLE III. 

Target Ranges. 

(a) ACQUISITION. 

128. With a view to carrying out so much of section 1661, Re- 
vised Statutes, as amended, as provides for tlie use of the mihtia 
appropriation for the promotion of rifle practice, including the 
acquisition, construction, maintenance, and equipment of shooting 
galleries and suitable target ranges, it is prescribed that not less 
than 25 per cent of the allotment to the several States and Terri- 
tories and the District of Columbia shall be used for said purpose. 
This 25 per cent of the allotment is not available for the use of the 
mihtia for any other purpose, except by special approval of the Sec- 
retary of War. 

129. The initiative in acquiring property for shooting galleries 
and target ranges rests with the governor of the State or Territory 
or the commanding general of the District of Columbia Militia, and 
all purchases of such property are made upon their recommendation, 
approved by the Secretary of War. Title of such property must be 
conveyed to the United States; but before payment therefor, the title 
must be approved by the Attorney-General of the United States, as 
required by section 355, Revised Statutes, and the deeds and abstracts 
of title, certificates as to taxes, etc., necessary for the purpose of prov- 
ing the title must be transmitted to the Chief, Division of Militia 
Affairs, for reference to the Attorney-General. After the title has 
been approved and the deeds recorded all title papers must be for- 
warded to the War Department for file. 

Vouchers covering payments for such property must be made in 
the proper maimer and on the proper form (Form No. 22, D. M. A.) 
and in accordance with printed instructions thereon. 

130. If a rifle range be acquired by the use of state, territorial, or 
district funds, reimbursement to the amount of the purchase money 
may be made from federal funds accruing to the State, Territory, or 
the District of Columbia under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 
amended, by transferring title in the land to the United States, the 
title being subject to the approval of the Attorney-General of the 
United States under section 355, Revised Statutes, as indicated in 
paragraph 129. 

131. Shooting galleries and ranges of the Regular Army shall, so 
far as practicable, be open to the national guard and organized rifle 
clubs under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of War. (Cir- 
cular, No. 28, W. D., series of 1909.) 

132. The title to property acquired bj'- the States and Territories 
or the District of Columbia for shooting galleries or target ranges, 



T.iEGET RANGES. 43 

under the authority contained in section 1661, Eevised Statutes, as 
amended, vests in the United States; and the relation of the States, 
Territories, or District of Columbia to such properties is that of a 
trustee vested vriih the use and charged with the administration of 
them for the purpose for which they were acquired. (Decision, 
W. D., June 20, 1906.) 

133. The actual travel and subsistence expenses of an officer of 
the Organized Militia properly detailed, while engaged in the work 
of acquiring and developing shooting galleries and target ranges, are 
properly payable from that portion of the allotment set aside for 
the promotion of rifle practice. (Decision of Comptroller, July 30, 
1906.) 

134. An officer of the Organized Militia while engaged in acquiring 
and developing shooting galleries and ranges is. not entitled to receive 
the pay of his rank from federal funds. (Decision, W. D., Jan. 18, 
1907.) 

135. The expenses of procuring or preparing abstracts and title 
papers to lands to be purchased for target ranges and shooting gal- 
leries, the cost of necessary surveys, and any other legitimate ex- 
penses entailed in securing the consent of owners to sell, are proper 
charges against that portion of the allotment set aside for the pro- 
motion of rifle practice, provided the purchase of the land involved 
is accomplished. (Decision, W. D., Jan. 3, 1907.) 

136. In case any buildings pertain to ground leased as a target 
range, and these buildings are to be used in connection with the use 
of such ground for range purposes, the rental of such buildings must 
in every case be covered by the lease. 

Payment of rent in advance, by the month, year, or quarter, for 
naked lands leased to the Government, of which it has been placed 
in possession by the lessor, is not a violation of the terms of section 
3648, Revised Statutes, as the Government obtains all it contracts 
for when it is placed in possession under the lease. (Decision of 
Comptroller of the Treasury, June 22, 1906.) 

137. The lease for a target range should be approved by the gov- 
ernor of the State or Territory, or the commanding general, District 
of Columbia Militia, and forwarded to the Chief, Division of Militia 
Affairs, for consideration as to its correctness and sufficiency. The 
lease should be executed in quadruplicate, one copy for the lessor, 
one for the disbursing officer, one for the Division of Militia Affairs, 
and one for the Auditor for the War Department. 

138. The expenses of renting target ranges for the use of the Or- 
ganized Militia at State encampments are properly payable from that 
portion of the allotment set aside for the promotion of rifle practice. 



44 UNITED STATES ETJNDS ALLOTTED. 

(b) MAINTENANCE. 

139. The construction of any buildings which are essential for 
storage purposes on target ranges or for housing caretakers is a 
proper charge against that portion of the allotment set aside for "the 
promotion of rifle practice. The erection of barracks for the accom- 
modation of the troops or of buildings to be used conjointly as 
shooting galleries and armories is not a proper charge against this 
allotment. (Decisions, W. D., Dec. 22, 1906, and Oct. 24, 1906.) 

140. Pit men, markers, caretakers, etc., and other civilians em- 
ployed for work upon ranges built and heretofore maintained by the 
States on leased ground with money appropriated from the treasury 
of the State, may be paid from that portion of the allotment set 
aside for the promotion of rifle practice. (Decision, W. D., Sept. 5, 
1906.) 

141. It should be clearly understood that the rental stipulated 
for in the lease (Form No. 17, D. M. A.) covers the use of the property 
and all damages thereto which can be clearly foreseen as incident to 
its use for the purposes for which leased; and that the provision in 
the lease for the ascertainment and payment of damages has refer- 
ence only to casual and unforeseen damages, such as are not ordi- 
narily incident to the contemplated use. 

142. The expenses necessary to adapt premises rented at State 
encampments for use as target ranges are properly payable from 
that portion of the allotment set aside for the promotion of rifle 
practice. 

143. After supplies for target ranges have been delivered to the 
military authorities of a State, Territory, or the District of Colum- 
bia, and taken up on their returns, any expenses incident either to 
storage or transportation are not chargeable to the allotment pro- 
vided by section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. 

144. There is no authority of law under which purchase of animals 
for work on a target range may be made from funds accruing under 
section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. 

145. There is no authority of law under which the insurance for 
public buildings can be met from federal funds, and the buildings 
that may be on land acquired for a rifle range can not be insured as 
a charge against an allotment made under section 1661, Revised 
Statutes, as amended. 

ARTICLE IV. 

United States Funds Allotted under the Provisions of Sec- 
tion 1661, Revised Statutes, as Amended. 

(a) ACQUISITION. 

146. The appropriation provided by section 1661, Revised Statutes, 
as amended, is annually apportioned under the direction of the Sec- 



UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 45 

r&tary of War as follows: (a) Among the several States according to 
the number of Senators and Representatives to which each State re- 
spectively is entitled in the Congress of the United States; (b) to the 
Territories and the District of Columbia in such amount and under 
such regulations as the Secretary of War may prescribe. 

147. The proper amount of this appropriation as above apportioned 
is credited to the several States and Territories and the District of 
Columbia on the books of the Division of Militia Affairs. 

148. The following conditions must be fulfilled to enable a State or 
Territory to avail itself of the allotment of the annual appropriation 
made by section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended: 

(a) A State must have 100 regularly enlisted, organized, and uni- 
formed active militia for each Senator and Representative to which 
it is entitled. (Sec. 2, R. S., 1661, as amended.) 

(&) Unless excused by the governor of the State or Territory or the 
comjnanding general of the District of Columbia ililitia, each com- 
pany, troop, and battery of the Organized Militia must hare had in 
the year next preceding the annual allotment practice marches for 
five consecutive days, or a camp of instruction for five consecutive 
days, or a combination of these two for five consecutive days. (Sec. 
18, militia law.) 

(c) Each company, troop, and battery must have assembled, dur- 
ing the 3'ear next preceding the aimual allotment, for drill and in- 
struction at company, battalion, or regimental armories or rendezvous 
or for target practice, not less than twenty-four times. (Sec. 18, 
militia -law.) 

{d) Each company, troop, and battery must have been inspected 
during such preceding year by an officer of the Regular Army or of 
the Organized Militia. (Sec. 18, militia law.) 

(e) The conditions set forth in the foregoing paragraphs apply 
also to ambulance companies and field hospitals. 

149. The governor of the State or Territory, or the commanding 
general of the District of Columbia Militia, may designate to the Secre- 
tary of War an officer of the Organized Militia of said State, Territory, 
or District of Columbia, to act as a disbursing officer of federal funds 
appropriated by Congress and allotted to the State, Territory, or 
District of Columbia, under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 
amended. The officer so designated becomes a disbursing officer of 
the United States, and must render his accounts monthly (in the 
manner prescribed by par. 184), through the Chief, Division of Militia 
Affairs, to the proper accounting officers of the Treasury for settle- 
ment, and is required to give good and sufficient bond to the United 
States in such sum as the Secretary of War may direct, faithfully to 
account for the safe-keeping and payment of the public moneys in- 
trusted to him for disbursement. 



46 UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 

150. Upon receipt at the War Department of the letter designating 
the disbursing officer, a blank form of bond will be sent to the officer, 
to be executed. Especial attention should be given in the prepara- 
tion of the bond and to the notes printed thereon to prevent unneces- 
sary delay in the transaction. Disbursing officers of the Organized 
Militia are required to renew the bonds given by them, after a period 
of four years. Steps should be taken by disbursing officers to renew 
their bonds prior to the expiration of the four-year limit in order to 
prevent delays and complications in filling requisitions for funds at the 
end of the bond-limit period. 

151. The bond required by paragraph 149 should be made out for an 
amount approximating one-half that which it is expected will be re- 
quired at any one time, as the rules of the War Department do not 
authorize the placing to the credit of disbursing officers more than 
double the amount of the bond. 

152. Sureties to bonds given by disbursing officers will be bound 
jointly and severally for the whole amount expressed therein, and 
must satisfy the Secretary of War that they are worth, jointly, dou- 
ble such amount, each surety making affidavit that he is worth that 
sum over and above his debts and liabilities, and stating in the affida- 
vit his place of residence. (Par. 570, Army Eegulations, 1908.) 

153. A company incorporated under the laws of the United States, 
or of any State, and legally authorized to guarantee bonds, may be 
accepted as surety, subject to the limitations prescribed in Regula- 
tions of the War Department governing the acceptance of corporate 
sureties on bonds, as published from time to time in circulars of 
the department, which circulars also give a list of companies that are 
authorized to guarantee bonds. 

154. No provision is made for expenses in connection with the 
furnishing of a bond, and such cost can not be paid from the funds 
appropriated by section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. (Decis- 
ion of Comptroller, Nov. 4, 1903.) 

155. The act of Congress approved August 5, 1909 (36 Stat. L., 
125), prescribes that, until otherwise provided by law, no bond shall 
be accepted from any surety or bonding company for any officer or 
employee of the United States which shall cost more than 35 per 
cent in excess of the rate of premium charged for a like bond during 
the calendar year 1908. 

156. In respect to bonds of disbursing officers of allotments from 
militia appropriations, the rate of S2.50 a thousand will be accepted 
as the standard of comparison; any bond falling within this class 
will be approved if the rate charged therefor does not exceed $3.37 a 
thousand, excepting that a minimum charge of $10 will be approved. 

157. When the completed bond required by paragraph 149 is 
approved by the Secretary of War, and upon receipt of the request 



UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 47 

for funds, made in accordance with paragrapli 159, the Secretary of 
War will make requisition on the Secretary of the Treasury to place 
in the United States Treasury, one of the subtreasuries, or in a desig- 
nated national depositary, to the credit of the designated disbursing 
officer, the amount called for. 

158. Officers of the Organized MiUtia who may be furnished under 
proper authority with funds for the purchase of cdffee, or other com- 
ponents of the travel ration for the use of their respective commands, 
are not required to furnish bonds for the safe-keeping and disburse- 
ment of the same. (35 Stats. L., 117.) 

159. The governor of the State or Territory or the commanding 
general of the District of Columbia Militia should make request on 
the Secretary of War for sufficient funds to meet the expenses of 
the acquisition and development of shooting galleries or target 
ranges, or of camp service, to be placed to the credit of the disbursing 
officer designated. 

160. The request of the governor, or of the commanding general. 
District of Columbia Militia, must be accompanied by an approxi- 
mate estimate of the cost of the property to be acquired for shoot- 
ing galleries or target ranges and for their construction and 
maintenance. Similar estimates must accompany the request of the 
governor, or the commanding general. District of Columbia Militia, 
for funds for camp purposes, showing the number of officers of all 
grades and enlisted men taking part, with the number of days of 
their service; the average or actual distance covered in the trans- 
portation of the command, and the approximate cost of same; the 
approximate amount necessary to pay the command on the basis 
of the pay of the Regular Army without increase for length of serv- 
ice; the approximate cost of the subsistence of the command for the 
specified number of days, on the basis of 25 cents a day for each 
enlisted man when rations in kind can be issued; 40 cents a day 
while traveling and when travel rations can be supplied, and not to 
exceed 75 cents a day when traveling and it is necessary to supply 
cooked meals; also estimated amount of incidental expenses, such 
as hiring of horses and draft animals for use of mounted troops, 
batteries, and wagons in connection with encampments, maneuvers, 
and field instruction, and estimated cost of miscellaneous supplies 
that are necessary for camps, such as wood for cooking and heating 
purposes, straw for bedding, forage for animals, and other similar 
articles. 

161. Requisitions will be made a sufficient time in advance of the 
time the funds shall be needed for disbursement to enable them to be 
acted on by the officials of the Treasury Department; the average 
time required for the Treasury Department to act on requisitions 



48 UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 

for funds and to have the funds placed in the depositary to the 
credit of the state disbursing officer is ten days. 

162. Requisitions for funds will not be made naore than fifteen 
days in advance of their actual need by the disbursing officer, except 
in the case of Hawaii and the States on the Pacific Coast, when the 
limit will be one month. 

(b) ACCOUNTABILITY. 

163. Accounts of disbursing officers must be kept separately under 
each bond. When a new bond is given, the disbursing officer should 
close his account under his former bond, by depositing any unex- 
pended balance to the ofScial credit of the Treasurer of the United 
States (in the manner prescribed by paragraphs 210 and 215) before 
a request for funds is made under the new bond, in order that the 
liability of the sureties on the respective bonds may be definitely 
fixed. 

164. Every disbursing officer having any public money intrusted 
to him for disbursement must deposit it with the Treasurer of the 
United States, one of the subtreasurers, or a designated national 
depositary, and draw on the deposit only as funds may be required 
for payments to be made by him in pursuance of law (and only in 
favor of the persons to whom payment is made). (Sec. 3620, R. S.) 

165. Whenever any disbursing officer makes a deposit to the 
credit of the Treasurer of the United States, he should at once notify 
the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, of the fact, stating the name of 
the depositary, the amount of the deposit, the allotment to which 
the money pertains, whether the amount represents a repayment of 
an unexpended balance or a refundment of overpayments or disallow- 
ances, and the number of the certificate of deposit. The duplicates 
of all certificates of deposit should be retained by the depositor for his 
future protection. 

166. Whoever, being a disbursing officer of the United States, or a 
person acting as such, shall in any manner convert to his own use, or 
loan with or without interest, or deposit in any place or in any manner, 
except as authorized by law, any public money intrusted to him, or 
shall for any purpose not prescribed by law, withdraw from the treas- 
urer or any assistant treasurer, or any authorized depositary, or trans- 
fer, or apply, any portion of the public money intrusted to him, shall 
be deemed guilty of an embezzlement of the money so converted, 
loaned, deposited, withdrawn, transferred, or applied, and shall be 
fined not more than the amount embezzled, or imprisoned not more 
than ten years, or both. (Sec. 87 of Criminal Code, act of Mar. 4, 
1909, 35 Stats., 1088.) 

167. When funds are deposited in the Treasury the disbursing 
officer will apply to the Treasurer of the United States for an official 



UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 49 

check book; when deposited in one of the subtreasuries, to the 
subtreasurer, and when in a designated depositary, to the Chief, 
Division of Militia Affairs. 

168. The Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, when issuing a check 
book on an authorized depositary will keep a complete record of its 
size, its character, the serial number of its checks, and when and to 
whom issued. The officer in whose official possession a check book 
may come is responsible, while it is in his charge, for any misuse, by 
anyone, of the blank checks contained therein. The greatest care 
should be exercised in their custody. They should be kept under 
lock and key when not in use and counted at frequent intervals. 

169. The disbursing officer when first opening his account and 
before issuing any checks shall furnish the depositary on whom 
checks are to be drawn with his official signature, duly verified by 
some officer whose signature is known to the depositary. 

170. The purposes for which funds allotted to the State under the 
provisions of section 1661, Revised Statutes, may be used, are — 

(a) For any stores and supplies or publications which are supplied 
to the army. In this connection it should be noted that the funds are 
available for the supply of articles of dress-uniform clothing, whereas 
clothing issued under the act of May 27, 1908, can only be of field- 
service uniform. 

(6) For the payment, subsistence, and transportation of such 
portions of the Organized Militia as shall engage in actual field or 
camp service for instruction. 

(c) For the actual excess of expenses of travel incurred by officers 
of the Regular Army in connection with the inspections of the 
Organized IVfilitia prescribed in section 14 of the militia law, over the 
authorized mileage allowances of said officers in travehng under War 
Department orders. 

{d) At least 25 per cent of the aUotment must be used for the 
promotion of rifle practice, including the acquisition, construction, 
maintenance, and equipment of shooting galleries and suitable target 
ranges. (Decision, War Department, on sec. 2, R. S. 1661, as 
amended.) 

(e) For the hire of horses and draft animals for the use of mounted 
troops, batteries, and wagons in connection with field exercises for 
instruction purposes. 

(/) For forage for horses and draft animals in connection with field 
exercises and instruction purposes. 

Xg) For such incidental expenses as may be deemed necessary by 
tfie Secretary of War, in connection with encampments, maneuvers, 
and'feeld instruction provided for in section 14 of the mihtia law, 
and for the same in connection with joint maneuvers or exercises 
with regular troops under section 15 of this law. 
33265°— 11 i 



50 UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 

171. Disbursing officers are not authorized to make purchases of 
supplies in the open niarket for the use of the Organized MiHtia; 
suppUes must in all cases be obtained by requisition, as provided in 
paragraphs 45, 46, and 47. 

172. A disbursing officer, before making any payments whatever 
from funds placed to his credit, must carefully observe all regulations 
governing expenditures and money accountability. These regula- 
tions are binding and will be strictly followed in passing upon the 
officer's money accounts; any departure therefrom will involve the 
disbursing officer in difficulty with the accounting officers of the 
Treasury Department. 

173. In making all payments for purchases and for services ren- 
dered, only official checks will be used, payable to the order of the per- 
son to whom the money is due, and on each voucher will be noted the 
number of the check, the date of its issue, the parties in whose favor 
the check is drawn, and the amount; also the object or purpose for 
which it is drawn must be entered on the face or back of the check. 
This statement of purpose may be made in brief form, but must 
clearly indicate the object of the expenditure, as, for instance, "pay," 
"pay roll," or "payment of troops" adding the post or station; "pur- 
chase of subsistence," or other supplies; "purchase of land," etc. 

174. Disbursing officers must identify their official checks with the 
vouchers upon which they are issued in payment, by noting on each 
check the number of the voucher and the object of the expenditure. 
A single check may be drawn in payment of more than one voucher. 

175. Checks will not be returned to the drawer after their payment, 
but the depositary with whom the account is kept will furnish the 
disbursing officer with a monthly statement of his deposit account. 

176. Depositaries will also render statements to officers having 
public funds on deposit to their official credit, upon request of said 
officers, to enable them to close their accounts. These statements 
will show a full and true account, including the date, number, and 
amount of each check paid, and the date and amount of each item 
placed to the disbursing officers' official credit during the period of 
such statement. They should be applied for in ample time to enable 
the disbursing officers to use the information contained therein, in 
analyzing their balances in the manner provided at the foot of the 
account current. (Form No. 1, D. M. A.) 

177. Mutilated or spoiled checks upon the United States Treasurer, 
or an assistant treasurer, will be forwarded promptly to the office to 
which they pertain, and those upon any other depositary will be for- 
warded promptly to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, who will 
acknowledge the receipt of such checks. In either case, a record of 
the dates of both cancellation and transmission will be entered on the 
stub. 



UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 51 

178. Whenever any original disbursing officer's check is lost, 
stolen, or destroyed, the Secretary of the Treasury may authorize 
the officer issuing the same, after the expiration of six months and 
within three years from the date of such disbursing officer's check, to 
issue a duplicate thereof upon the execution of such bond to indem- 
nify the United States as the Secretary of the Treasury may pre- 
scribe: Provided, That when such original disbursing officer's check 
does not exceed in amount the sum of fifty dollars the Secretary of 
the Treasury may authorize the issuance of a duplicate at any time 
after the expiration of thirty days and within three j^ears from 
the date of such disbursing officer's check. (Sec. 3646, R. S., as 
amended.) 

179. In case the disbursing officer or agent by whom such lost, 
destroyed, or stolen original check was issued is dead or no longer 
in the service of the United States, it shall be the duty of the proper 
accounting officer, under such regulations as the Secretary of the 
Treasury may prescribe, to state an account in favor of the owner of 
such original check for the amount thereof and to charge such 
amount to the account of such officer or agent. (Sec. 3647, R. S., 
as amended.) 

180. No allowance will be made to any disbursing officer for ex- 
penses charged for collecting money on checks. 

181. Disbursing officers are not authorized to transfer funds stand- 
ing to their official credit with one depositary to their credit with 
another depositary; such transfers will be made only by the Secretary 
of the Treasury upon the recommendation of the Secretary of War. 

182. Transfers from the allotment for "Arms, equipments, and 
camp purposes" to that for "Promotion of rifle practice" of funds in 
the hands of disbursing officers of the Organized Militia are made on 
the books kept in the office of the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, only 
on authority of the Secretary of War, after a request therefor has been 
presented by the governor of the State, or the adjutant-general, in the 
name of the governor, setting forth the necessity for the transfer. 

183. Disbursing officers of the Organized Militia should settle 
promptly all correct and just claims that are authorized by law, which 
are outstanding and which are turned over by their predecessors, 
provided the vouchers for the services contain certificates that the 
services have been rendered as stated, and are approved by the 
governor, or the adjutant-general of the State, in the name of the 
governor. The vouchers should describe specifically the position of 
the claimant, rate of compensation, and the period covered. The 
check of the disbursing officer should state on its face the object of 
the expenditure and the number of the voucher. 

184. Every disbursing officer must send, by indorsement, to the 
Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, within twenty days following the 



52 "UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 

end of the month to which it relates, an account current (Form No. 1, 
D. M. A.), of all moneys received and remaining on hand during the 
month. This account current will be made in duplicate; one copy 
will be retained by the disbursing officer as his record of the financial 
transactions comprised therein, and the other, accompanied by the 
necessary abstracts of expenditures and all vouchers, will be forwarded 
to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, as stated above, for admin- 
istrative examination and for reference to the Auditor for the War 
Department. With the account current will be forwarded all orders 
of commanding officers and other papers upon which the disbursing 
officer relies to have himself relieved from responsibility for funds 
placed to his credit. 

185. The account current must show, under credits, the balance 
on hand according to last account, together with all moneys received 
during the month, with dates thereof and from whom received; under 
debits, the total amounts expended under the headings pay, sub- 
sistence, transportation, incidental expenses of encampments, and 
expenditures chargeable to the allotment for the promotion of rifle 
practice, and that the balance due the United States is held as indi- 
cated in the certificate on the account current. 

Deposits of unexpended balances, refundment of overpayments or 
disallowances must be shown on the account current, under their 
respective heads. 

Accounts current must be rendered promptly monthly, whether 
disbursements have been made or not, until final settlement with the 
Treasury Department has been efl'ected. 

Final accounts current must include all moneys in the possession 
of a disbursing officer on account of the United States. These ac- 
counts must be rendered in one consolidated account current, irre- 
spective of the number of headings of account involved. 

186. Blank forms for rendering accounts and returns, as required 
under the provisions of these regulations, may be obtained by requi- 
sition on the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs; the cost of all such 
forms will constitute a charge against the allotment to the State, 
Territory, or the District of Columbia from the appropriation made 
under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. 

187. Disbursing officers should anticipate their needs sufficiently 
in advance to meet all payments as they shall become due, and exces- 
sive balances must not be held by them in the various depositaries. 
Requisitions for funds should be restricted to amounts sufficient to 
discharge payments due, or presently to become due, and to effect 
this purpose requisitions should be made frequently and only for 
such amounts as may be required for immediate use. 

188. Every disbursing officer will forward to the Chief, Division of 
Mihtia Affairs of the War Department, on Form No. 29, D. M. A., a 



tlNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 53 

weekly statement of the balance remaining to his credit, of funds 
allotted under section 1661 of the Revised Statutes, as amended. 
The balance under each of the two allotments, i. e., "Arms, equip- 
ments, and camp purposes," and "Promotion of rifle practice," 
must be distinctly stated. The weekly statement is additional to 
the account current and in no way takes the place of the latter or 
of any of the entries which should properly appear therein. 

189. In the accounting for funds issued to the Organized Militia 
under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, the distinction of 
the fiscal year is not required inasmuch as the appropriation is a con- 
tinuing one; any unexpended balance thereof on the 30th day of June 
in any one year is carried forward to the next fiscal year. 

190. When disbursing officers receive notice from the Auditor of 
the Treasury for the War Department of a disallowance in the settle- 
ment of their accounts, they should submit vnih the least delay prac- 
ticable such explanation and additional vouchers or authority as may 
be required. If the action of the Auditor is not acquiesced in, the 
disbursing officers may, if they so desire, file an appeal with the 
Comptroller of the Treasury. Unless it is their intention to file such 
an appeal or to submit additional evidence with a view to the removal 
of the disallowance, they should promptly concede the disallowance 
and make, if necessary, a deposit of the amount involved to the credit 
of the Treasurer of the United States in the depositary where the 
United States funds for which they are responsible are deposited, under 
the appropriation "Arming and equipping the militia." Such depos- 
its should be duly reported on the next account current. 

191. Disbursing officers should make prompt replies to and expla- 
nation of any suspension which may be made in the settlement of 
their accounts by the Auditor for the War Department. 

192. The balances acknowledged by disbursing officers and their 
analyses thereof must actually represent the state of their business 
at the close of the last day for which the accounts are rendered. They 
must so order their business that they may, whenever called upon so 
to do, close immediately their accounts and analyze their acknowl- 
edged balances. 

193. In the event that there should be any cash balance, i. e., 
currency, in the hands of a disbursing officer at the time of the ren- 
dition of his account current, such cash balance should be counted, 
verified, and certified to by a disinterested officer of the Organized 
Militia duly ordered to so act by the governor of the State. 

194. Every disbursing officer is required to keep a cash book show- 
ing the amount disbursed under each allotment and the total funds 
oh hand. Such cash book should be balanced monthly and the totals 
must agree with the account current. 

The cash book is the property of the Federal Government and shall 
not be removed from the office of the disbursing officer. The dis- 



54 tlNfflEb StATES PtJNtS ALLOTTED. 

bursing officer will see that it is carefully preserved as a part of the 
records of the Federal Government, for which he is responsible ; that 
the entries therein are properly made; and that the book is trans- 
ferred to his successor. In connection with this transfer the disburs- 
ing officer should take a memorandum receipt therefor from his 
successor. 

195. Disbursing officers who do not, for any reason, receive from 
their depositaries the monthly statements which should be rendered 
to them in time for them to analyze their balances in the manner con- 
templated by the standard form of account current, should not delay 
the rendition of their accounts, but should compute their net balances 
from their check stubs, state that such balances are so computed, 
and make a further statement in explanation, that the balances have 
been computed from check stubs for the reason that no monthly 
statement had been received from the depositary. 

196. All transactions coming within the time covered by an ac- 
count shall be reported therein. No payments or collections not 
actually made during the period of an account shall be included 
therein. (Par. 13, Treasury Circular 52, July 29, 1907.) 

197. The abstract of pay (Form No. 2, D. M. A.) will always be 
the first voucher of expenditure to the account current. This ab- 
stract is a summary of all disbursements made during the month on 
account of the pay of troops, and all the data for its preparation will 
be obtained from the pay roll, each roll being a voucher for each par- 
ticular amount entered on the abstract. Care must be taken to enter 
the correct number of voucher, date, individual, the organization, 
the period paid for, and the gross amount of United States funds 
paid out on the roll. No mention should be made of any expenditures 
from state funds. 

198. The pay rolls (Form No. 3, D. M. A.) are vouchers to abstract 
of pay, and will be prepared according to the notes thereon. In the 
columns for "Each day for which pay is due" should be entered the 
figure "1;" the letter "A" will be entered for each day for which no 
pay is due. At the conclusion of the camp or service the sum of the 
days of duty will constitute the time for which pay is due and will 
be entered in the column of "Total days." The signature of each 
person who receives cash payment must appear on the roll and must 
be the same as that entered in the column of names. When payment 
is made by check the number of the check must be stated on the roll. 
A witness to a signature is necessary only when the person is unable 
to write and signs by mark. The numbers in brackets will indicate 
where names and signatures should be placed to complete the roll. 
The monthly and per diem pay of all grades in the United States 
Army are given in the table and notes on the rolls. 

199. Signatures on rolls in receipt for pay must be the actual per- 
sonal signatures of the soldiers. A signature made by any person 



■UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 55 

other than the one to •whom the payment is made does not furnish a 
valid acquittance to the United States, and payment should not be 
made on such signature. 

If officers or men were ordered to canjp in advance of the period 
of encampment or held there subsequently thereto, the authority in 
each instance must appear on the roll. 

200. Form No. 18, Division of Militia Affairs, should be used in 
accounting for all personal services other than the military services 
rendered by members of the Organized Militia. Funds expended 
for purchases or services other than personal must be accounted for 
on Form No. 21, Division of Militia Affairs, which is the abstract for 
payments of purchases and services other than personal. The details 
of such purchases and services are entered on subvouchers. Forms 
Nos. 22 and 26, which are made inclosures to Form No. 21. On 
Form No. 22 should be entered expenditure of funds on account of 
hire of horses, pack mules, for transportation of men, equipment, for 
all necessary incidental expenses in connection with encampments 
which are authorized by section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended; 
for expenses connected with the acquisition, equipment, construction 
and maintenance of target ranges and shooting galleries. On Form 
No. 26 should be entered receipts for subsistence issued in all cases 
where such subsistence has been purchased by funds provided under 
the provisions of section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. 

In preparing the abstract required by Form No. 21 a summary 
should be made, showing the total amounts expended under each 
of the heads transportation, incidental camp expenses, promotion of 
rifle practice, issue of subsistence, and each total should be carried 
to the proper line on the debit side of the account current. 

201. Vouchers for purchases and services other than personal 
(Forms 22 and 26) should show, in the brief on the first fold of the 
form, whether the purchases were made or the services engaged 
without advertisement or after advertising. In thelatter case it should 
be stated whether the advertisement was in newspaper, by posters, 
or by circular letters. The voucher should show also what particu- 
lar form of agreement was entered into — whether verbal, written, or 
formal contract. In case it be a formal, written contract, it should 
be made in triplicate, one copy to be retained by the disbursing 
officer, one by the party^from whom the purchases are made or the 
services engaged, and one sent to the War Department for file. 
Each voucher should be accompanied by a copy of the public notice 
which solicited the bids (newspaper clipping, poster, or circular let- 
ter), the accepted bid, and a copy of the letter accepting the bid. 
In case the voucher be for services rendered involving continued 
payments, engaged as the result of a written contract, reference 
should be made in subsequent vouchers to the original voucher with 



56 UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 

which was inclosed a copy of the public notice, accepted bid, and 
copy of the letter accepting the bid. No reference should be made 
to any agreement which has not been transmitted to the War Depart- 
ment with some voucher. 

202. Payments for personal services must be accounted for on 
Form No. 18, Division of ]\lilitia Affairs, which is a voucher to the 
account current. It will be accompanied by subvouchers, giving 
the details of the payments made. In case the payment is made for 
personal services involving the services of more than one person, the 
account will be stated on Form No. 19, Division of Militia Affairs. 
In case the account is for the personal services of a single person, it 
will be stated on Form No. 20. Expenditures carried on these forms 
pertain particularly to personal services rendered on account of pro- 
motion of rifle practice, including those connected with the acquisi- 
tion, construction, equipment, and maintenance of shooting galleries 
and target ranges. 

203. Vouchers Nos. 19, 20, 22, and 26, Division of Militia Affairs, 
are used in all cases where payments are made by check. In case 
payments are made by cash. Form No. 23, Division of Militia Affairs, 
will be used, both for purchases and services. In each case where 
cash payment is made the voucher must be accompanied by a formal 
written receipt by the person to whom the cash payment was made. 

204. Only one copy of a voucher, the original, shall contain signed 
certification, approval, and receipt (Par. 7, Treasury Circular 52, July 
29, 1907); duplicate or triplicate copies of vouchers required for 
filing with retained papers should be initialed only. The original 
voucher will be sent in all cases to the Chief, Division of Militia 
Affairs, for transmission to the Auditor for the War Department. 

205. Formal, written receipts for payments from federal funds are 
required when payment is made in cash (currency) ; when payments 
are made by check, receipts are not required. (Par. 1, Treasury 
Circular52, July 29, 1907.) 

206. Vouchers should be numbered consecutively and so recorded 
on abstract of payments. Such numbers should not be repeated 
during any fiscal year. 

Vouchers written with pencil, unless of an indelible character, 
will not be accepted. Vouchers which show erasures will not be 
accepted. ^ 

When more than one article of the same kind and quality is billed, 
the unit price must be shown. 

207. Signatures to the certification as to the justness and cor- 
rectness of claims must in all cases literally agree with the name of 
the creditor in whose favor the account is rendered as shown at the 
head of the voucher. Examples as to proper manner of signing are 
given below. 



"UNITED STATES FUNDS ALLOTTED. 57 

Individuals will affix their autograph signatures in ink. The auto- 
graph signature of a duly empowered attorney will be accepted only 
after an approved power of attorney has been filed with the disbursing 
officer paying the account. Example : 

John Doe, 
By Richard Roe, Attorney. 
Copartnership should have the name of the firm stamped or written 
and be followed by the autograph signature of a member of the firm, 
or other authorized person. Example : 

John Doe & Co., 
By Richard Roe, A Member of the Firm. 
Incorporated companies should have the name of the company 
stamped or written, followed by the autograph signature of an author- 
ized officer or person showing his official position. Example : 

John Doe & Co. (Incorporated), 
By Richard Roe, Treasurer. 
Companies or trade names not incorporated should have the name 
of such company stamped or written, and followed by the autograph 
signature of the sole owner, sole proprietor, or other authorized per- 
son. Example : 

The John Doe Iron Works, 
By Richard Roe, Sole Owner. 

208. A signature by mark must be witnessed by a disinterested 
person, with address. 

209. All vouchers for payment by disbursing officers must be certi- 
fied by the claimant as correct and just. (Par. 3, Treasury Circular 
52, July 29, 1907.) 

210. Deposits to the official credit of the Treasurer of the United 
States on account of unexpended balances, refundment of overpay- 
ments, or of disallowances made in the accounts of a disbursing 
officer, must be made by the latter with the Treasurer of the United 
States or an assistant treasurer, or with the depositary where the 
funds of the disbursing officer are kept, showing to what particular 
appropriation the amount pertains. 

211. A disbursing officer appointed under section 14, militia law, is 
not authorized to hire the services of a clerk. 

212. A disbursing officer is not entitled to pay the cost of his trans- 
portation from federal funds except when actually engaged in the 
acquisition of target ranges or in field service for instruction under 
specific orders in each case of the governor of the State or Territory 
or the commanding general of the District of Columbia Militia. 

213. Alterations or erasures on a transportation request can only 
be made by a person who has authority to issue the request. 



58 trNITED STATES FtJNt)S ALLOTTED. 

Allowance for extra services rendered in accordance with an unau- 
thorized alteration of a transportation request can not be made unless 
such services are specifically ratified and approved by proper authority. 

The approval of an account containing items for transportation 
furnished in accordance with an altered request is not an approval 
of the alteration unless specifically mentioned. 

214. Tlie accounting officers of the Treasury are without jurisdic- 
tion to receive and settle claims of individual officers and enlisted 
men of the Organized Militia. The state disbursing officer must 
settle all such claims; he may properly pay the amount due an offi- 
cer or enlisted man in case of death of either without signing pay roll, 
without requiring administration, provided no demand is presented 
by a duly appointed legal representative, and that proper certificate 
as to the identity of the payee accompanies the payment, following 
the rule prescribed by the act approved June 30, 1906, which pro- 
vides that: Hereafter the settlement of the accounts of deceased 
officers or enlisted men of the Army, where the amount due the 
decedent's estate is less than $500, and no demand is presented by a 
duly appointed legal representative of the estate, accounting officers 
may allow the amount found due to the decedent's widow or legal 
heirs. (Decision, War Department, Nov. 3, 1906.) 

(c) CLOSING OF ACCOUNTS. 

216. If a disbursing officer desires to close his accounts with the 
Treasury, so much of the funds remaining on hand as are not repre- 
sented by outstanding checks must be deposited to the official credit 
of the Treasurer of tlie United States, with the depositary in which 
such funds are kept by the disbursing officer. Funds so deposited 
will be covered in to the credit of the appropriation "Arming and 
equipping the militia," with the request that they be credited to the 
disbursing officer making the deposit. 

216. Should a disbursing officer die while serving as such, the Secre- 
tary of War will, upon the request of the governor of the State or 
Territory or the commanding general of the Militia of the District of 
Columbia, recommend to the Secretary of the Treasury to cause so 
much of the money remaining to his credit as is not represented by 
outstanding checks to be deposited to the credit of the Treasurer of 
the United States, to be covered in to the credit of the appropriation 
"Arming and equipping the militia." 

217. Whenever any disbursing officer of the United States shall 
cease to act in that capacity he will at once inform the Secretary of 
the Treasury whether he has any public funds to his credit in any office 
or bank, and, if so, what checks, if any, he has drawn against the 
same, which are still outstanding and unpaid. Until satisfactory 
information of this character shall have been furnished, the whole 



amount of such moneys will be held to meet the payment of his checks 
properly payable therefrom. . (Treasury Circular, No. 102, Dec. 7, 1906.) 

218. When a disbursing officer ceases to act as such, he should 
transfer to his successor, if one be appointed, all unused checks in 
his possession, and take duplicate receipts for the checks by their 
numbers and make an immediate report of such transfer to the Chief, 
Division of Militia Affairs, accompanied by a copy of the receipt, in 
order that necessary change in the record may be made. If no suc- 
cessor as disbursing officer be appointed, all unused checks must be 
returned promptly to the Treasurer of the United States, the sub- 
treasurer, or to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, by whomsoever 
issued. 

219. Should any disbursing officer make an erasure or alteration 
of any of his checks, however slight, he will certify to the correctness 
of such erasure or alteration on the upper margin of the check. 

220. In case of the death, resignation, or removal of any disbursing 
officer, checks previously drawn by him will be paid from the funds 
to his credit, unless such checks have been drawn more than four 
months before their presentation, or reasons exist for suspecting fraud. 
Any check drawn by him and not presented for payment within four 
months of its date will not be paid until its correctness shall have been 
attested by the Comptroller of the Treasury or his chief clerk. 
(Treasury Circular, No. 102, Dec. 7, 1906.) 

ARTICLE V. 

Personnel. 

(a) ORGANIZATION." 

221. The militia consists of — 

(a) Every able-bodied male citizen of the respective States, Terri- 
tories, and the District of Columbia who is more than eighteen and 
less than forty-five years of age; 

(6) Every able-bodied male of foreign birth who has declared his 
intention to become a citizen and who is more than eighteen and less 
than forty-five years of age. (Sec. 1, militia law, as amended.) 

The mihtia is divided into two classes — 

(a) The Organized Militia, to be known as the National Guard of 
the State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or by such other 
designation as may be given them by the laws of the respective 
States and Territories, consisting of the regularly enlisted and uni- 
formed active militia of the several States and Territories and the 
District of Columbia that is organized as a land force and has hereto- 

"The organization given under this heading ia that prescribed by law and regula- 
tions for peace conditions. The organization prescribed for war conditions is given 
in Article I, Field Service Regulations, 1910. 



60 tEESONNEL. 

fore participated or shall hereafter participate in the apportionment 
of the annual appropriation provided by section 1661, Revised Stat- 
utes of the United States, as amended, which shall have the same 
organization, armament, and discipline as that which is now or may 
hereafter be prescribed for the Regular Army of the United States, 
and a minimum strength fixed by the President of the United 
States, subject in time of peace to such general exceptions as may be 
authorized by the Secretary of War. 

(b) The reserve militia, consisting of the remainder of the male 
population of the United States, subject, under the laws of the United 
States, to military service. 

222. The following persons are exempt from militia duty, without 
regard to age: 

(a) The Vice-President of the United States. 

(h) Officers, judicial and executive, of the United States. 

(c) Members and officers of each House of Congress. 

(d) Persons in the military or naval service of the United States. 

(e) Custom-house officers and their clerks. 

(J) Postmasters and persons employed by the United States in the 
transmission of mail. 

ig) Ferrymen employed at any ferry on a post road. 

(h) Artificers and workmen in the armories and arsenals of the 
United States. 

(i) Pilots. 

(j) Mariners actually employed in the service of any citizen or 
merchant within the United States. 

(k) All persons who are exempted by the laws of the respective 
States and Territories. 

(1) Members of any well-recognized and now existing religious sect 
whose creed and whose religious convictions under said creed are 
against war in any form and forbid participation therein. (Sec. 3, 
militia law, as amended.) 

223. Any military organization which existed in any of the States 
at the passage of the act of May 8, 1792, and which, by the laws, cus- 
toms, or usages of the said States, has been in continuous existence 
under the provisions of said act and under the provisions of section 
232 and sections 1625 to 1660, both inclusive, of title 16, Revised 
Statutes, is allowed to retain its accustomed privileges, subject, 
nevertheless, to all other duties required by law in like manner as the 
other militia. (Sec. 3, militia law.) 

224. There shall be appointed in each State and Territory and in 
the District of Columbia an adjutant-general, who shall perform 
such duties as may be prescribed by the laws of such State, Territory, 
and District, respectively, and make to the Secretary of War such 
reports and such returns of the strength of the Organized MiUtia as 
may be required. (Sec. 12, militia law.) 



PEESONNEL. 61 

225. The Organized Militia comprises the general officers com- 
manding divisions and brigades where such units are organized; 
the staff corps and departments necessary to provide proper staff 
officers and enlisted men, viz, an adjutant-general's department, an 
inspector-general's department, a judge-advocate-general's depart- 
ment, a quartermaster's department, a subsistence department, a 
medical department, a pay department, a corps of engineers, an 
ordnance department, and a signal corps, and such bodies of cavalr)^, 
infantry, field artillery, and coast artillery as may be provided by 
the laws of the State or Territory, or by Federal law for the District 
of Columbia. 

226. Officers who are authorized by State or Territorial laws for 
the staffs of governors, but who do not form an integral and proper 
part of one of the staff corps or departments mentioned in the pre- 
ceding paragraph, or of the line of the Organized Militia, are not con- 
sidered a part of such Organized Militia in so far as the benefits con- 
ferred by section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, or the act 
approved January 21, 1903, as amended, are concerned; nor are they 
considered in determining whether or not the organization of the 
Organized Militia conforms to that prescribed for the Regular Army 
of the United States. 

227. Where two or more brigades are organized, such brigades 
and the other imits of the Organized Militia may be constituted a 
division, which should be commanded by a major-general or, in case 
of his absence or disability, by the senior officer of the Une who is 
present for duty with the division. 

The staff of a division should consist of officers detailed from the 
various staff corps and departments as follows: 

One adjutant-general, lieutenant-colonel, adjutant-general's de- 
partment. 

One inspector-general, lieutenant-colonel, inspector-general's 
department. 

One judge-advocate, lieutenant-colonel, judge-advocate-general's 
department. 

One chief quartermaster, lieutenant-colonel, quartermaster's 
department. 

One chief commissary, lieutenant-colonel, subsistence department. 

One chief surgeon, lieutenant-colonel, medical corps. 

One chief engineer, lieutenant-colonel, corps of engineers. 

One chief ordnance officer, lieutenant-colonel, ordnance department. 

One chief signal officer, lieutenant-colonel, signal corps. 

The staff of a division may also include one inspector of small- 
arms practice with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 

Three aids, captains or lieutenants, of the Organized Militia. 

In addition to the staff officers enumerated in the foregoing list, 
such other officers as are considered necessary may be designated 



62 PEESONNEL. 

for duty on the staff of a division, but officers so designated must 
belong to some staff corps or department, or to the line, and be 
detailed for duty on the division staff. 

228. A brigade will ordinarily consist of two or more regiments of 
infantry, three being the normal organization, but separate battalions 
and separate companies may be assigned thereto. A brigadier-gen- 
eral is the proper commander for a brigade; but in case of the ab- 
sence or disability of the brigadier-general the command will devolve 
upon the senior officer of the line who is present for duty with the 
brigade. 

The staff of a brigade shall consist of officers detailed from the sev- 
eral staff corps and departments as foUows: 

One adjutant-general, major, adjutant-general's department. 

One quartermaster, major, quartermaster's department. 

One commissary, major, subsistence department. 

One surgeon, major, medical corps. 

The staff of a brigade may also include one inspector of small- 
arms practice with the rank of major. 

Two aids, lieutenants, of the Organized Militia. 

In addition to the staff officers enumerated in the foregoing list, 
such other staff officers as are considered necessary may be designated 
for duty on the staff of a brigade, but officers so designated must 
belong to some staff corps or department, or to the line, and be 
detailed for duty on the brigade staff. 

At camps of instruction, or when deemed necessary, the governor 
may attach to a brigade such troops of cavalry, batteries of artillery, 
and organizations of special troops as may appear to him to be 
advisable. 

229. The adjutant-general's department, the inspector-general's 
department, the judge-advocate-general's department, the quarter- 
master's department, the subsistence department, the pay depart- 
ment, and the ordnance department should each consist of the staff 
officers, of grades authorized in the similar staff corps and departments 
of the Regular Army, necessary to perform the duties pertaining to 
the respective corps and departments on the staffs of brigades and 
divisions and at camps, depots, and other similar military establish- 
ments. Officers of the ordnance department may be detailed as 
inspectors of small-arms practice of divisions and brigades and as 
assistant inspectors of small-arms practice of regiments and separate 
squadrons and battalions. 

Post quartermaster-sergeants, post commissary-sergeants, and 
ordnance sergeants should belong, respectively, to the quarter- 
master's department, the subsistence department, and the ordnance 
department. 

230. The medical department of the Organized Militia should con- 
sist of — 



PERSONNEL. 63 

(ffi) The medical corps, comprising the officers necessary for detail 
on the staffs of brigades and divisions ; at camps, depots, and other 
similar military establishments; with regiments, separate squadrons 
and battalions, troops, batteries, and companies, for the purpose of 
furnishing medical attendance ; of the officers requisite for the organi- 
zation of such ambulance companies and field hospitals as may be 
authorized. 

(h) The hospital corps, comprising the sergeants, first class, ser- 
geants, acting cooks, corporals, privates first class, and privates of 
the corps assigned for duty to the different regiments, squadrons, 
battalions, troops, batteries, and companies, and at camps, depots, 
and other similar military establishments, or belonging to such ambu- 
lance companies and field hospitals as may be organized. (Act 
approved Apr. 23, 1908.) 

231. The minimum enlisted strength of an ambulance company 
shall be as follows : 

Sergeants, first class 2 

Sergeants 7 

Privates, first class, and privates 34 

Total enlisted (minimum) 43 

One captain and four first lieutenants of the medical corps are 
usually assigned to duty with an ambulance company. 

232. The minimum enlisted strength of a field hospital shaU be as 
follows : 

Sergeants, first class 3 

Sergeants 6 

Privates, first class, and privates , 24 

Total enlisted (minimum) 33 

One major and four captains or first lieutenants of the medical 
corps are usually assigned to duty with a field hospital. 

233. The organization prescribed hereinafter for companies, bat- 
teries, troops, battalions, squadrons, regiments, and corps must be 
followed, but a few temporary vacancies will not be regarded as con- 
stituting nonconformity to the organization prescribed for similar 
units of the Eegular Army. 

234. Corps of engineers. — The corps of engineers should consist of 
the officers necessary for detail as engineer officers on the several 
staffs; of officers assigned to duty with the engineer troops; of officers 
performing other duties pertaining to the corps of engineers; and of 
such engineer troops as may be deemed advisable. One band, organ- 
ized as prescribed hereinafter for an infantry band, is authorized for 
the corps. Four or more companies of engineers should be organized 
into as naany battalions of four companies each as is possible, the 
remaining companies being maintained as separate companies. 



64 PEESONNEL. 

Three battalions may be organized as a regiment for purposes of 
administration, drill, and instruction. 

The minimum enlisted strength in the different grades for a com- 
pany of engineers shall be as follows: 

First sergeant 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Sergeants 4 

Corporals 6 

Cooks 2 

Musicians 2 

Privates, first class 21 

Privates, second class 21 

Total enlisted (minimum) 58 

The maximum enlisted strength of a company may be as high as 
164, as prescribed in section 11 of the act ofi Congress approved 
February 2, 1901. 

A company of engineers shall have 1 captain, 1 first lieutenant, 1 
second lieutenant. 

A battalion of engineers shall have — 

Major 1 

Adjutant (first lieutenant) 1 

Quartermaster and commissary (second lieutenant) 1 

Sergeant-major 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Companies 4 

Total enlisted (minimum) 234 

Where engineer troops are organized as a corps, all the company 
and battalion officers enumerated above shall belong to the corps 
and be assigned to the different companies and battalions for duty 
therewith. 

A separate or unassigned battalion of engineers may have one 
assistant inspector of small- arms practice with the rank of first 
lieutenant. 

235. Signal corps. — The signal corps should consist of the commis- 
sioned officers necessary for the performance of the duties of signal 
officers on the different staffs and other duties properly pertaining to 
the signal corps; of the officers assigned to duty with companies of the 
signal corps; and of such enlisted men of the grades named herein- 
after as may be deemed necessary, viz, master signal electricians; ser- 
geants, first class; sergeants; corporals; cooks; privates, first class; and 
privates. 

For the purpose of administration, companies of the signal corps 
may be organized. The minimum enlisted strength of the different 
grades for such a company shall be as fellows: 



PERSONNEL. 65 

Sergeants, first class 5 

Sergeants 5 

Corporals 10 

Cooks 2 

Privates, first class 18 

■ Privates 18 



Total enlisted (minimum) 58 

The normal quota of commissioned officers for a company of the 
signal corps is one captain and two first lieutenants. The grade of 
second lieutenant is not authorized for the signal corps. 

At least two-tliirds of the officers and enlisted men of a company 
should be expert telegraphers and electricians. 

For service in war signal corps companies are classified according 
to their duties and designated as field companies, telegraph companies, 
and base line companies, the duties of the field company being to lay 
and recover tactical lines very rapidly for telegraph and telephone 
communication during combat or movements of troops. The tele- 
graph company is equipped for installing and operating camp tele- 
phone and telegraph systems, using lance pole line construction. The 
duties of the base line company are the construction and operation 
of permanent telephone and telegraph lines from the base of an army 
along the lines of supply and communication, also the establishment 
of signal corps property depots at suitable bases. 

236. Infantry. — The minimum strength in the different grades for 
a company of infantry should be as follows: 

Captain 1 

First lieutenant 1 

Second lieutenant 1 

First sergeant 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Sergeants 4 

Corporals 6 

Cooks 2 

Musicians 2 

Privates 42 

Total enlisted (minimum) 58 

The maximum enlisted strength of a company may be as high as 
150, as prescribed in section 10 of the act of Congress approved Feb- 
ruary 2, 1901. 

A battalion of infantry should consist of — 

Major 1 

Adjutant (first lieutenant) 1 

Quartermaster and commissary (second lieutenant) 1 

Sergeant-major ^ ?i 1 

Companies ; 4 

Total enlisted (minimum) 233 

33265°— 11 5 



66 PERSONNEL. 

A separate or unassigned battalion of infantry may have one assist- 
ant inspector of small-arms practice with the rank of first lieutenant. 

A regiment of infantry should consist of — 

Colonel 1 

Lieutenant-colonel 1 

Adjutant (captain) 1 

Quaitermaster (captain) 1 

Commissary (captain) 1 

Chaplain 1 

Sergeant-major 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Commissary-sergeant 1 

Color sergeants 2 



Chief musician. 



.Band, 28 enlisted. 



Principal musician. 

Drum major 

Sergeants 

Corporals 

Cook 

Privates 

Battalions 3 

Total enlisted (minimum) 732 

A regiment of infantry may have one assistant inspector of small- 
arms practice with the rank of captain. 

A regiment of infantry may have assigned to it by detail from the 
Medical Corps, in addition to the commissioned officers enumerated 
above, one major and three captains or first lieutenants and, by detail 
from the Hospital Corps, in addition to the enlisted men enumerated 
above, one sergeant, first class, two or three sergeants or corporals, 
and from nine to twenty privates, first class, or privates. 

The infantry shall be organized, so far as possible, into regiments 
of three battalions of four companies each. After as many regiments 
as possible have been formed the remaining companies shall be organ- 
ized, as far as possible, into separate battalions of four companies 
each. After as manj^ regiments and separate battalions as possible 
have been formed, the companies still remaining shall be xaaintained 
as separate companies. The separate battalions and separate com- 
panies shall be organized as prescribed hereinbefore for a battalion 
and a company, respectively. 

The formation of separate machine-gun companies in infantry regi- 
ments of the Organized Militia as a provisional form of organization 
pending the adoption in the army of a permanent type is authorized, 
subject, however, to the application of the following general princi- 
ples of organization: 

(a) Machine-gun companies may be most advantageously employed 
tactically when organized as integral parts of regiments rather than as 
separate organizations attached to higher units and only at the dis- 
posal of higher commanders. 



PEBSONNEL. 67 

(6) For convenience of instruction and administration, as well as 
tactical use, machine guns should be grouped in units, the manning 
personnel of which should be approximately equal to that of a com- 
pany or troop. 

(c) jMacliine-gun organizations must be capable of ready subdivi- 
sion into small units of not less than two guns for detached service 
with battalions or smaller commands. 

{d) The mobility of machine-gun organizations must not be infe- 
rior to that of the arm to which they are attached. (Circular No. 16, 
D. M. A., Dec. 31, 1909.) 

237. Cavalry. — The minimum strength in the different grades for a 
a troop of cavalry should be as follows: 

Captain 1 

First lieutenant 1 

Second lieutenant 1 

First sergeant 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Sergeants 4 

Corporals 6 

Cooks 2 

Farrier 1 

Horseshoer 1 

Saddler 1 

Trumpeters 2 

Privates 39 

Total enlisted (minimum) 58. 

The maximum enlisted strength of a troop may be as high as 100, 
as prescribed in section 2 of the act of Congress approved February 
2, 1901. 

A squadron of cavahy should consist of — 

Major 1 

Adjutant (first lieutenant) 1 

Quartermaster and commissary (second lieutenant) 1 

Sergeant-major 1 

Troops 4 

Total enlisted (minimum) 233 

A separate or unassigned squadron of cavalry may have one assist- 
ant inspector of small-arms practice with the rank of first lieutenant. 
A regiment of cavalry should consist of — 

Colonel 1 

Lieutenant-colonel 1 

Adjutant (captain) 1 

Quartermaster (captain) 1 

Commissary (captain) 1 

Chaplain 1 

Veterinarians (appointed, but are neither commissioned officers nor enlisted 

men) 2 

Sergeant-major 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Commissary-sergeant 1 



68 PEKSONNEL. 

Color sergeants 2 

Chief musician 1 f 1 

Chief trumpeter. ... 1 

Principal musician . . 1 

Drum major t> j nn i- ^ i 1 

„ ^ ■ Band, 28 enlisted i 

Sergeants. . . 4 

Corporals 8 

Cook 1 

Privates J [ 11 

Squadrons 3 

Total enlisted (minimum) 732 

A regiment of cavalry may have assigned to it by detail from the 
Medical Corps, in addition to the commissioned officers enumerated 
above, one major and three captains or lieutenants and, by detail 
from the Hospital Corps, in addition to the enlisted men enumerated 
above, one sergeant, first class, two or three sergeants or corporals, 
and from nine to twenty privates, first class, or privates. 

A regiment of cavalry may have one assistant inspector of small- 
arms practice with the rank of captain. 

The cavalry shall be organized, so far as possible, into regiments of 
three squadrons of four troops each. After as many regiments as 
possible have been formed, the remaining troops shall be organized, 
as far as possible, into separate squadrons of four troops each. After 
as many regiments and separate squadrons as possible have been 
formed, the troops still remaining shall be maintained as sepa- 
rate troops. The separate squadrons and separate troops shall be 
organized as prescribed hereinbefore for a squadron and a troop, 
respectively. 

The formation of separate machine-gun companies in cavalry regi- 
ments of the Organized Militia as a provisional form of organization 
pending the adoption in the army of a permanent type is authorized, 
subject, however, to the application of the following general princi- 
ples of organization : 

(a) Machine-gun troops may be most advantageously employed 
tactically when organized as integral parts of regiments rather than 
as separate organizations attached to higher units and only at the 
disposal of higher commanders. 

(6) For convenience of instruction and administration, as well as 
tactical use, machine guns should be grouped in units, the manning 
personnel of which should be approximately equal to that of a com- 
pany or troop. 

(c) Machine-gun organizations must be capable of ready subdivi- 
sion into small units of not less than two guns for detached service 
with battalions or smaller commands. 

(d) The mobility of machine-gun organizations must not be in- 
ferior to that of the arm to which they are attached. (Circular No. 
16, D. M. A., Dec. 31, 1909.) 



PERSONNEL. 69 

238. Field artillery. — The minimum strength in the different grades 
for a battery of field artillery should be as follows : 

Captain 1 

First lieutenants 2 

Second lieutenants 2 

First sergeant 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Stable sergeant : 1 

Sergeants 6 

Corporals 12 

Cooks 3 

Chief mechanic « 1 

Mechanics 4 

Musicians 2 

Privates 102 

Total enlisted (minimum) 133 

The maximum enlisted strength for a battery of field artillery may 
be as high as 190, as prescribed in section 8 of the act of Congress 
approved January 25, 1907. 

A battalion of field artillery should consist of — 

Major 1 1 

Adjutant (captain) 1 

Quartermaster and commissary (lieutenant) 1 

Sergeant-major 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Batteries 3 

Total enlisted (minimum) 401 

A regiment of field artillery should consist of — 

Colonel 1 

Lieutenant-colonel 1 

Adjutant (captain) 1 

Quartermaster (captain) 1 

Commissary (captain) 1 

Veterinarians (appointed, but are neither commissioned officers nor enlisted 

men) 2 

Sergeant-major 1 

Quartermaster-sergeant 1 

Commissary-sergeant 1 

Color sergeants . . 2 

Chief musician 1 1 

Chief trumpeter. ... 1 

Principal musician. . 1 

Drum major t. j no i- ^ j 1 

^' ^ Band, 28 enlisted i 

Sergeants 4 

Corporals 8 

Cook 1 

Privates J [ 11 

Battalions 2 

Total enlisted (minimum) .' 835 

" A chief mechanic of a battery of field artillery does not have the rank of sergeant. 

His name will be borne on the muster and pay rolls immediately preceding the names 
of the mechanics. (Cir. No. 29, W. D., 1907.) 



70 PEK30NNEL. 

In addition to the commissioned officers enumerated above, a 
regiment of field artillery may have assigned to it hj detail from the 
Medical Corps one major and two captains or first lieutenants, and by 
detail from the Hospital Corps, in addition to the enlisted men 
enumerated above, one sergeant, first class, two sergeants and cor- 
porals, eighteen privates, first class, or privates. 

The field artillery should be organized, so far as possible, into regi- 
ments of two battalions of three batteries each. After as many regi- 
ments as possible have been formed, the remaining batteries should be 
organized, as far as possible, into separate battalions of three batteries 
each. After as many regiments and separate battalions as possible 
have been formed, the batteries still remaining should be maintained as 
separate batteries. The separate battalions and separate batteries 
should be organized as provided hereinbefore for a battalion and a 
battery, respectively. 

239. Coast artillery. — The coast artillery should be organized as a 
corps, and should consist of such number of colonels, lieutenant-col- 
onels, majors, captains, first lieutenants, second lieutenants, ser- 
geants-major (senior grade), master electricians, engineers, electri- 
cian sergeants, first class, electrician sergeants, second class, master 
gunners, sergeants-major (junior grade), and firemen, and of such 
number of companies as may be authorized; and such numbers of 
medical officers, sergeants, first class, sergeants, privates, first class, 
and privates of the hospital corps as may be deemed necessary to 
assure an efl'ective sanitary service. 

The number of colonels, lieutenant-colonels, majors, and sergeants- 
major of coast artillery should be in approximately the same pro- 
portion to the number of companies as obtains in the Coast Artillery 
Corps of the Regular Army. 

While the number of master electricians, engineers, electrician ser- 
geants, first class, electrician sergeants, second class, master gunners, 
and firemen necessary in any coast artillery corps will depend largely 
upon the emplacements the said corps may be required to man, it is 
desirable to have as many of these expert men as possible. (See 
Circular, No. 29, W. D., 1907.) 

The minimum number of these experts that should be included 
in any coast artillery corps is as follows: 

For each company of coast artillery: One electrician sergeant 
(first class or second class), one engineer, one fireman. 

For each four companies of coast artillery : One master gunner. 

240. The minimum strength in the different grades for a company 
of coast artillery should be as follows : 

Captain 1 

First lieutenant - ■ 1 

Second lieutenant 1 

First sergeant 1 

Quartermaster-serjcant 1 



PERSONNEL. 71 

Sergeants 4 

Corporals 6 

Cooks 2 

Mechanics 2 

Musicians 2 

Privates 45 

Total enlisted (minimum) 63 

The maximum number of enlisted men in a compan}^ of coast 
artillery may be varied according to the service the company may 
possibly be called upon to perform. 

(b) EQUIPMENT (uniforms, ARMS, ACCESSORIES). 

241. The regulations of the army as to uniform should be followed 
by the Organized Militia in so far as they are applicable. Regula- 
tions on this subject are published in general orders and circulars of 
the War Department. 

242. The arms and equipments of troops of the Organized Militia 
for field service are prescribed as follows : 

(a) Arms and equipments of first sergeants, company quarter- 
master-sergeants, sergeants, corporals, and privates (including cooks, 
artificers, or mechanics) of infantry, coast artillery, engineers, and 
ordnance : 

1 U. S. magazine rifle, caliber .30. 
1 bayonet. 
1 bayonet scabbard. 
1 gun sling. 

1 rifle cartridge belt and fasteners. 
1 pair rifle cartridge belt suspenders. 
1 first-aid packet. 
1 pouch for fiirst-aid packet. 
1 canteen. 
1 canteen strap. 
1 set blanket-roll straps. 
1 haversack. 
1 meat can. 
1 cup. 
1 knife. 
1 fork. 
1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent, half. 

1 shelter tent pole. 

5 shelter tent pins. 

And for engineers when mounted : 

1 rifle scabbard. 

2 spurs. 

2 spur straps. 

(b) Arms and equipments of sergeants-major, regimental quarter- 
master-sergeants, regimental commissary-sergeants, color sergeants 



12 PERSONNEL. 

of all foot troops, battalion quartermaster-sergeants of engineers, 
master electricians, engineers, sergeants, first class. Coast Artillery 
Corps; master signal electricians, ordnance sergeants, post commis- 
sary-sergeants, post quartermaster-sergeants, electrician sergeants, 
second class, master gunners, and firemen. Coast Artillery Corps, and 
signal sergeants, first class : 

1 noncommissioned officer's sword and scabbard. 

1 revolver. 

1 revolver holster. 

1 revolver cartridge box for garrison service. 

1 canteen. 

2 canteen haversack straps. 
1 set blanket-roll straps. 

1 revolver cartridge belt. 
1 first-aid packet. 
1 frog. 

1 pouch for first-aid packet. 
1 haversack. 
1 meat can. 
1 cup. 
1 knife. 
1 fork. 
1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent, half. 
1 shelter tent pole. 
5 shelter tent pins, 
(c) Arms and equipments of all enlisted men of cavalry (except 
trumpeters and members of bands) : 

1 U. S. magazine rifle, caliber ..30, ro:del of 1903. 
1 revolver. 
1 revolver holster. 
1 cavalry saber and scabbard. 
1 saber attachment and slide. 
1 gun sling. 

1 rifle cartridge belt and fasteners and loop for saber attach- 
ment. 
1 revolver lanyard. 
1 canteen. 

1 canteen strap. 

2 spurs. 

2 spur straps. 

2 saber straps. 

1 rifle or carbine scabbard. 

1 pair rifle cartridge belt suspenders. 

1 first-aid packet. 

1 pouch for first-aid packet. 



PEbSonnel. 73 

1 saber loiot. 
1 meat can. 
1 cup. 
1 knife. 
1 fork. 
1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent, half. 
1 shelter tent pole. 
5 shelter tent pins. 
The foregoing are also the arms and equipment of a sergeant, a 
corporal, and a private of signal corps, excepting: 
1 cavalry saber and scabbard. 
1 saber attachment and slide. 

1 loop for saber attachment on rifle cartridge belt. 

2 saber straps. 
1 saber knot. 

(d) Arms and equipments of enlisted men of field artillerj-: 

(1) For each enlisted man — 

1 revolver. 

1 revolver holster. 

1 revolver cartridge belt and fastener. 

1 first-aid packet. 

1 pouch for first-aid packet. 

1 artillery knapsack. 

1 canteen. 

1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent, half. 

1 shelter tent pole. 

5 shelter tent pins. 

(2) For each enlisted man individually mounted, in addition 

to (D— 
1 saddle, cavalry, complete. 
1 saddle cover. 

1 saddle bag. 

2 spurs. 

2 spin- straps. 

1 curb bridle, complete. 

1 currycomb. 

1 horse brush. 

1 canteen strap. 

1 link. 

1 watering bridle. 



74 PERSONNEL,. 

(3) For each driver in addition to (1) — 

1 currycomb. 

1 horse brush. 

2 spurs. 

2 spur straps. 
1 canteen strap. 
1 saddle bag. 
1 watering bridle. 

(4) For each cannoneer, except for mounted cannoneers of 

horse batteries, in addition to (1) — 

1 haversack. 

2 canteen-haversack straps. 

(5) For regimental and battalion noncommissioned staff officers, 

in addition to 2 — 
1 cavalry saber and scabbard, 1 saber knot. 
1 saber attachment. 
The revolver cartridge belt will be provided with loop for saber 
attachment. 

(6) The following horse equipment is prescribed for each horse 

of field artillery — 
1 saddle blanket. 
1 halter, complete. 
1 nosebag. 
1 surcingle, 
(e) Arms and equipments of noncommissioned officers and privates 
of bands of all arms of service and of trumpeters and musicians : 
1 revolver. 
1 revolver holster. 

1 revolver cartridge belt with fastener. 
1 revolver lanyard (if mounted). 
1 first-aid packet. 

1 pouch for first-aid packet. 

2 spurs (if mounted). 

'2 spur straps (if mounted). 
1 canteen. 

1 haversack (if dismounted). 

2 canteen haversack sttaps (if dismounted) . 
1 canteen strap (if mounted) . 

1 set blanket-roll straps (if dismounted) . 

1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 shelter tent, half. 



PERSONNEL. 75 

1 shelter tent pole. 
5 shelter tent pins. 
In addition to the above, a drum major of a mounted band will 
have : 

1 cavalry saber and scabbard. 
1 saber knot. 
1 saber attachment. 
The revolver cartridge belt issued to mounted drum majors will 
have the loop for saber attachment. 

(/) Arms and equipments for enlisted men of the hospital corps: 

(1) For each enlisted man — 

1 waist belt. 

1 haversack (if dismounted). 

1 set blanket-roll straps (if dismounted). 

1 first-aid packet. 

1 pouch for first-aid packet. 

1 canteen. 

1 canteen strap (if mounted). 

2 spurs (if mounted) . 

2 spur straps (if mounted). 

1 meat can. 

1 cup. 

1 knife. 

1 fork. 

1 spoon. 

1 hospital corps knife. 

1 hospital corps knife scabbard. 

1 shelter tent, half. 

1 shelter tent pole. 
5 shelter tent pins. 

2 canteen haversack straps (if dismounted) . 

(2) For each noncommissioned officer in addition to (1) — 

1 emergency case. 

1 emergency case strap. 

(3) For each private, first class, each private, and each acting 

cook, in addition to (1) — 
1 hospital corps pouch or orderly pouch. 
ig) Horse equipment for each enlisted man individually' mounted, 
except for field artillery : 

1 curb bridle, complete. 

1 watering bridle, complete. 

1 currycomb. 

1 horse brush. 

1 halter, complete. 

1 link. 



^6 



PERSONNEL. 



1 lariat. 

1 lariat strap. 

1 nosebag. 

1 picket pin. 

1 saddle, cavalry, complete. 

1 saddle bag. 

1 saddle blanket. 

1 surcingle. 
And when especially required: 

1 stirrup, with socket for guidon. 
243. The following kits are prescribed for service in the field: 
(a) The field kit for infantry, in addition to the underclothing 
worn on the person, is composed of the following articles : 

Clothing, etc. 

1 service uniform, as prescribed in general orders of the War 

Department, including overcoat. 
1 change of underclothing. 
1 blanket. 
1 comb. 
1 housewife. 
1 rubber poncho. 
1 cake soap. 
1 toothbrush. 
1 pair marching shoes. 
1 pair stockings. 

1 towel. 

An aluminum identification tag, the size of a silver half dollar and 
of suitable thickness, stamped with the name, rank, company, regi- 
ment, or corps of the wearer, will be worn by each ofiicer and enlisted 
man of the Army whenever the field kit is worn, the tag to be sus- 
pended from the neck, underneath the clothing, by a cord or thong 
passed through a small hole in the tag. It is prescribed as part of 
the uniform and when not worn as directed herein will be habitually 
kept in the possession of the owner. 

Arms and equipments. 
As prescribed in (a), paragraph 242. 

Am/munition. 
90 rounds ball cartridges, caliber .30. 
Rations. 

2 haversack rations. 
1 emergency ration. 



PERSONNEL. 77 

Intrenching tools. 

1 2-foot folding rule per companj. 
4 hand axes per company, with carriers. 
1 pick mattock per squad, with carrier. 
3 shovels, intrenching, per squad, with carriers. 
3 wire cutters per company. 
(6) The field kit for cavalry, in addition to the underclothing worn 
on the person, is composed of the following articles : 

ClotTiing, etc. 

The same as for infantry, substituting a slicker for a poncho, if 
desired. 

Arms and equipments. 

As prescribed in (c) and (e), paragraph 242. 

Ammunition. 

80 rounds ball cartridges, caliber .30. 
24 rounds revolver ball cartridges. 

Rations. 
The same as for infantry. 

The saddle is to be packed as prescribed in paragraph 2S9, Cavalry 
Drill Regulations. 

(c) The field kit for field artillery, in addition to the underclothing 
worn on the person, is composed of the following articles: 

Clothing, etc. 

The same as for infantry, substituting a shcker for a poncho, if 
desired. 

Arms and equipments. 

As prescribed in (d), paragraph 242. 

Ammunition. 
20 rounds revolver ball cartridges. 

Rations. 

The same as for infantry. 

(d) The field kit for special arms and special grades of noncom- 
missioned officers, if mounted, will consist of clothing, ammunition, 
and rations, as prescribed for cavalry; if dismounted, as prescribed 
for infantry, with appropriate arms and equipments for the special 
arm or grade. (General Orders, No. 23, W. D., 1906.) 

244. The following tables give the allowance of tentage for per- 
manent or maneuver camps, the field allowance of tentage, and the 



78 



PERSONNEL, 



allowance of tools and utensils for camp and garrison purposes 
authorized by General Orders, No. 119, W. D., 1910: 

(a) Allowance of tentage for permanent or maneuver camps. 





Conical 
wall 
tents 
for- 


Wall tents for— 


Com- 
mon 
tents 
for— 


1=1 

2 
S 


S 




1 


a; 

e 

o 


g 
1 

2 

1 
1 
1 


ig 

o 

1 

1 


i 


i 

B 


d 
or 


1 


3 
'p. 

o 




































































1 


















1 
















1 


















For each first sergeant, for use as troop, battery, or company 


1 


















For each battery, troop, company, or noncommissioned stall 














1 
















1 
1 


















1 

2 
2 






1 






For each regimental commissary (Manual for the Subsistence 










1 


1 
1 


























1 










For each regimental hospital (Matinal for the Medical Depart- 






2 










6 























(&) Field allowance of tentage. 



Lieutenant-general 

Major-general 

Brigadier-general 

Field officer 

Captain - — 

Below the grade of captain, for each 2 officers 
Veterinarian, or dental surgeon, for each 2 

Company 

Troop 

Battery .- ■ -. rv<i 

Band and regimental noncommissioned stall 

Battalion or squadron headquarters 

Regimental headquarters 

Brigade headquarters 

Division headquarters 

Corps headquarters 




a Included in organization and headquarters allowance. 

(c) Field allowance of tents for the sick, their attendants, and 
hospital supplies. ^ 



for command of 1 companj' 

For command of 2 companies . . . 
For command o f 3 companies - . . 
For command of 4 companies. . . 
For command o f 6 companies . - . 
For command of 6 companies. . . 
For command of 7 compames. . . 
For command of 8 companies. . . 
For command of 9 compames . - . 
For command of 10 companies. . 
For command of 11 companies. 
For command of 12 companies. 



Hospital 
tents. 



PERSONNEL. Y9 

(d) Allowance of tools and utensils for camp and garrison purposes. 



A general ofBcer 

Field and staff offlcor above the rank of captain 

Other staff oITlcors or captains 

Subalterns of troops, batteries, or companies, to every 2 
To every 15 foot or 13 mounted men 



Hatch- 
ets. 



Spades. 



Pick- 
axes. 



(General Orders, No. 119, W. D., 1910). 

245. The proper field cooking outfit for use of the Organized 
Militia is the standard field cooking outfit furnished by the Subsistence 
Department of the Army. The Manual for the Subsistence Depart- 
ment, United States Army, latest edition, should be followed as 
nearly as practicable, in so far as the equipment of the Organized 
Militia as to subsistence property is concerned. 

246. The equipment of signal corps companies is as follows: 

A field company of 75 men is equipped to operate four wire carts, 
each carrying 9 miles of field wire, two small wireless telegraph sta- 
tions, and four visual signal stations. 

Each wire cart is served by a detachment of twelve men, called a 
"wire section." 

Necessary equipment for one wire section. 

1 wire cart. 

3 buzzers, cavalry. 

3 buzzers, field. 

20 cells, dry, Xo. 4-0, reserve (extra). 
5 cells, dry, for cavalry buzzers (extra). 

2 kits, inspector's pocket. 

4 pikes, wire. 

9 wire, 11 strands, field, miles. 

10 books, field message. 

5 connectors, buzzer, with cord. 
1 pliers, 6-inch. 

1 pliers, 8-inch. 

Tools with each wire, cart. 

1 oil-can, steel, pint. 
1 chisel, cold, 6-inch. 
1 crank, reel cart. 

1 hammer, carpenter's. 

2 pads, hand, leather. 

1 paulin. 

2 pliers, side cutting, 6-inch. 



80 PERSONNEL. 

1 screw-driver, 6-inch. 

1 wheel, spare. 

1 wrench, alligator, 8-inch. 

1 wrench, cart wheel. 

1 wrench, monkey, 8-inch. 
Each wire section should have means of transportation for visual 
signal equipment, extra instruments, buzzer wire, tools, etc. A 
vehicle for carrying these supplies with each section is now being 
designed, but will not be ready for issue to the Organized Militia for 
at least one year. It is expected that when such transportation is 
provided each wire section will carry the following in addition to the 
necessary equipment enumerated above: 

1 ax. 

1 belt, lineman's tool. 

20 books, field message. 

1 buzzer, cavalry, extra. 

1 buzzer, field, extra. 

20 cartridges, carbide. 

6 cartridges, Very, red. 

6 cartridges. Very, white. 

6 cartridges, Very, green. 

20 cells, dry. No. 4-0, reserve. 

5 cells, dry, for cavalry buzzers. 

1 compass, pocket. 

5 connectors, buzzer, Avith cord. 

1 disk, cipher, celluloid. 
100 envelopes, message. 

2 glasses, field, 3 J x 5J. 
2 handles, pay-out. 

1 hatchet. 

1 heliograph, complete, with tripod. 

2 kits, inspector's pocket. 
1 kit, flag, 4-foot. 

1 kit, flag, 2-foot. 

2 knives, brush cutting. 

6 laiives, electrician's. 
1 lantern, candle. 

1 lantern, field, acetylene. 
1 dozen pencils, copying. 

1 pistol. Very. 

2 reels, breast. 

2 rockets, sequence. 
2 rockets, smoke. 
5 rods, ground. 
2 spectacles, smoked. 



PERSONNEL. 81 

1 telescope, complete, with holder. 

1 voltmeter, pocket, 0-6 volts. 

4 miles wire, buzzer. 

7 miles wire, field, ll-strand. 
Each company of Signal Corps should have one instrument wagon 
for transportation of extra instruments, tools, etc., pertaining exclu- 
sively to the technical equipment, transporation for which is not 
provided by the Quartermaster's Department field wagons allowed 
to each company. 

The headquarters of each field company should be provided ^^'ith 
the following articles carried, as far as practicable, in the pack chests 
on one instrument wagon : 

3 boards, letter clip. 

50 cartridges, carbide. 

50 cells, dry, 4-0 reserve. 

30 cells, dry, for cavalry buzzer. 

1 chest, post tool. 

3 chests, pack. 

2 clamps, splicing, combination wire and sleeve. 
2 climbers and straps complete, pairs. 

4 cords, Samson spot, f-inch. 
6 disks, cipher. 

500 envelopes, message. 
2 glasses, field, 10 Terlux. 
2 grips, Buffalo, with pulleys. 
6 handles, extra for hatchets. 
6 helves, extra for axes. 

2 lanterns, railroad, coal-oil. 
25 pounds nails (assorted). 

1 oil can, 5-gallon. 
6 pikes, wire. 

6 pliers, 6-inch. 

3 pliers, 8-inch. 

3 relays, pocket, 150-ohm. 
10 rods, ground. 

4 rockets, sequence. 
4 rockets, smoke. 

2 sets induction field telegraph. 

1 soldering outfit, small. 

4 spectacles, smoked. 

2 telephones, field. 

1 wagon, instrument. 

10 miles wire, field, 11 strand. 

5 miles wire, buzzer. 
33265°— 11 6 



82 PEESONNEL. 

500 feet wire, outside twisted, pair. 

2 bugles. 

1 guidon, service. 

1 guidon, silk. 
The amount of equipment for camp telephone systems and tele- 
graph lines depends entirely upon the number of troops and extent 
of the camp ground. The following list shows the articles usually 
required for such service: 

Arresters, lightning. Mason, fuse type. 

Axes. 

Bars, crow-. 

Bars, digging. 

Belts, linemen's tool. 

Blanks, message, sending or receiving. 

Boards, letter-clip. 

Brackets, insulator, oak. 

Cabinet, lightning arrester, for portable field switch board. 

Cells, type V. 

Cells, dry. No. 5, reserve. 

Cells, dry. No. 6, reserve. 

Cells, dry. No. 4-0, reserve. 

Chest, post-tool. 

Chest, electrical engineer's. 

Clamps, splicing, combination wire and sleeve. 

Clock, alarm. 

Climbers, complete, with straps. 

Cord, Samson spot, f-inch. 

Envelopes, message. 

Fuses, for Mason lightning arresters. 

Grips, Buffalo, with pulley. 

Hatchet. 

Hooks, message. 

Insulators, clamp. 

Insulators, pigtail. 

Lantern, coal-oil. 

Lance trucks. 

Nail puller. 

Nails, 10-penny. 

Nails, 20-penny. 

Pliers, 8-inch. 

Picks, 7-pound, with handle. 

Pencils, lead, copy. 

Poles, lance. 

Eeels, pay-out. 

Reels, pick-up. 



PEKSONNEL. 83 

Relays, standard, 150-ohm. 

Relays, box-sounding, 150-olim. 

Renewals for type V cells. 

Rods, ground. 

Screw-driver , 1 0-inch . 

Shovels, 6-foot. 

Sounders, 4-ohm. 

Switchboard, telegraph, 3-line. 

Switchboard, portable, telephone, lO-drop, cordless. 

Switchboard, telephone, 50-drop. 

Switchboard, telegraph, 1-line. 

Tables, folding, telegraph. 

Telephones, desk set, L. B. 

Telephones, field. 

Typewriters. 

Voltmeter, pocket, Eldridge. 

Wire, galvanized-iron. No. 14. 

Wire, outside twisted pair. 

Wringer and pan for copying. 
(Cir. No. 1, Signal Office, W. D., Jan. 10, 1910.) 
The foregoing lists give the minimum equipment of a signal com- 
pany. A more comprehensive list of the articles enumerated as 
necessary for a more complete equipment of a signal company can 
be obtained upon application to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs. 

247. The Manual for the Medical Department of the United States 
Army, latest edition, should be followed as nearly as practicable, so 
far as the equipment of the Organized Militia as to medical supplies, 
apjDurtenances, etc., is concerned. 

248. The following is the equipment of field batteries armed with 
3-inch field guns i 

(a) Wheeled equipment. 

4 guns and gun carriages. 

4 gun limbers. 

8 caissons. 

8 caisson limbers. 

1 battery wagon. 

1 forge limber. 

1 store wagon. 

1 store-wagon limber. 

2 kit or escort wagons. 

(b) Battery fire-control equipment. 

3 telephones, field artillery type. 
2 hand reels. 

2 spools buzzer wire. 



84 PEESONKEL. 

3 ground rods. 

3 inspector's pocket kits. 

2 flag kits, 2-foot. 

2 megapliones, aluminum, 18 inches. 
6 field glasses, field artillery type. 

3 buzzer connectors, model A. 

(f ) Battalion fire-control equipment 

2 telephones, field artillery type. 

2 ground rods. 

2 pay out handles. 

2 breast reels. 

6 spools buzzer wire. 

2 inspector's pocket kits. 

2 rolls insulating tape. 
1 pliers, 8-inch. 

1 field acetylene lantern. 

1 heliograph and tripod, complete. 

1 flag kit, 4-foot. 

1 field glass, field artillery type. 

3 miles twin conductor cable, field artillery type. 

2 buzzer connectors, model B. 

Until a suitable pack reel is adopted and issued no twin conductor 
cable, field artillery type, will be issued as a part of the battalion 
equipment of mountain artillery regiments. 

(d) Regimental fire-control equipment. 

2 telephones, field artillery type. 
2 ground rods. 

2 inspector's pocket kits. 
1 field acetylene lantern. 

1 heliograph and tripod, complete. 
1 flag kit, 4-foot. 

1 field glass, field artillery type. 

3 miles twin conductor cable, field artillery type. 

2 buzzer connectors, model B. 

1 pliers, 8-inch. 

2 rolls insulating tape. 
(General Orders, No. 150, W. D., 1909.) 

249. The following is the equipment of an engineer company, in 
addition to personal equipment: 



Carpenter outfit, section. 



3 augers, ship. 
1 awl, scratch. 
1 axe, broad. 



PERSONNEL. 85 



1 axe, single bitted. 
1 bit, expansion. 
7 bits, auger. 

1 brace, ratchet. 

2 chalk lines. 

I chalk, white, pound. 
1 chisel, cold. 

3 chisels, framing. 
1 dividers, wing. 

1 drawknife. 

1 file, flat, bastard. 

4 files, saw, taper. 
1 hammer, claw. 

5 hatchets. 

1 level, carpenter's. 
1 mallet. 

6 pencils, carpenter's. 
1 oiler. 

1 oilstone. 

1 plane, jack. 

1 pliers, nose-cutting. 

1 plumb bob, 6-ounce. 

4 rules, 2-foot. 

1 saw, compass. 

2 saws, hand, crosscut. 
1 saw, rip. 

1 saw-set. 

1 screw-driver. 

1 square, try. 

1 square, steel, carpenter's. 

1 tape, metallic, 50-foot. 

1 T bevel. 

1 wire cutters. 

1 wrench, monkey. 

Map reproduction outfit. 

1 board, drawing. 

2 candlesticks. 

1 castor oil, quart. 

6 erasers. 

6 ink, drawing, black, bottles. 

6 ink, drawing, colored, bottles. 

12 scratch pads. 

1 paper, drawing, roll. 

1 tube paste. 



86 PERSONNEL. 

2 pens, crowquill, dozens. 

6 protractors, circular, paper. 

1 instruments, drawing, field set. 

1 lamp, acetylene. 

25 carbide of calcium, pounds. 

1 map measurer. 

2 frames, printing. 

3 paper, blueprint, prep., light, rolls. 

4 trays, zinc. 
2 triangles. 

2 tubes, tin. 

1 paper, Vandyke, light, roll. 

2 paper, tracing, rolls. 

1 paper, photographic, carbon, 16 inches by 20 inches, gross. 
25 developer, boxes. 
10 hyposulphite^ boxes. 
12 pencils, drawing. 

3 penholders, crowquill. 
3 penholders, mapping. 

3 penholders, ordinary. 

1 paper, blotting, dozen. 

2 pens, mapping, dozen. 
2 pens, writing, dozen. 

2 pins, boxes. 
2 scales, engineer. 

1 straightedge. 

2 tacks, thumb, dozen. 

Mining, Masting, and demolition outfit. 

1 auger, earth. 

1 bar, crow. 

2 bars, wood, tamping. 
1 box, match. 

50 caps, detonating. 
1 circuit detector. 
1 crimper. 

1 drill, double bit. 

4 drills, plug. 

50 explosive, pounds. 

50 fuses, electric. 

100 fuse, Bickford, feet. 

100 fuse, instantaneous, feet. 

2 hammers, drilling, 4 pounds. 
1 magneto exploder. 

1 marline, coil. 



PERSONNEL. 87 

5 plugs and feathers, sets. 
1 spoon, drilling. 

1 tape, insulated, roll. 

1 twine, ball, hemp. 

500 wire, insulated. No. 16, feet (double lead). 

Pioneer and intrenching outfit. 

2 adzes. 

6 augers, ship. 

9 axes, single-bitted. 

1 bar, claw. 

1 bar, pinch. 

1 block, 8-inch, double. 

1 block, 8-inch, triple. 

1 block, snatch, 8-inch. 

1 brand, burning. 

1 brush, stencil. 

6 buckets, galvanized-iron. 

2 cant hooks. 
1 chain, log. 

3 chisels, cold. 

1 climbing iron. 

2 come-alongs. 

1 pin plate. 

2 pliers, nose-cutting. 

2 points, pike and hook. 

2 post hole diggers. 

1,000 rope, manila, feet, 1-inch, f-inch, and T^-inch. 

1 saw, crosscut, 1-man. 

2 saws, crosscut, 2-man. 
2 saw tools. 

2 screw jacks. 

3 files, crosscut, saw. 

1 grindstone. 

2 hammers, engineer's. 

2 hammers, sledge. 

3 hatchets. 

1 ink, stencil, box. 
6 knives, gabion. 

4 lanterns, dark. 
3 lanterns, Dietz. 

12 machetes and sheaths. 

1 marline spike. 

2 mauls, wooden. 
6 needles, sail. 



PERSONNEL. 

1 palm, sail. 
12 picks, mining. 
3 picks, large. 
3 pick mattocks. 
18 shovels, mining. 
6 shovels, large. 
1 stamps, steel, s€t. 
1 stencil, set. 

1 tape, steel, 100-foot. 
3,000 tape, tracing, feet. 
20 wire cutters. 

2 wrenches, monkey. 

1 wrench, Stillson, 24-inch. 

PJiotographic outfit. 

5 alum, pounds. 

2 books, note, blank. 
2 buckets, canvas. 

1 camera, complete. 

2 candlesticks. 

36 clips, photographer's. 
1 cloth, focusing. 
40 developer, boxes. 

1 developer tank, 5-inch. 

30 developing powders, pyro, boxes. 

2 envelopes, dozen. 
24 films, cartridge. 

30 fixing powders, acid, boxes. 

1 graduate, glass. 

2 frames, printing, photo. 
1 manual. 

6 pads, letter. 

1 pad, rubber-stamp. 

1 paper, blotting, dozen. 

4 paper, photo, gross (3i inches by 5^ inches). 

1 paste, 8-ounce jar. 

1 pins, kodak, push, dozen. 

2 ponchos, rubber. 
1 shears, 8-inch. 

1 stamp, rubber. 
4 towels. 
4 trays, agate. 
1 tripod, camera. 



PEESONTSTEL. 89 

Reconnaissance outfit. 

2 barometers, aneroid. 
12 books, topographical. 
6 cases, sketching. 
6 cUnometers, service. 
4 compasses, box. 
4 compasses, prismatic. 
12 erasers. 

1 field glass. 

2 odometers. 
6 pace taUies. 

12 pads, sketching. 

24 paper, sketching case, rolls. 

36 pencils, drawing. 

36 pencils, colored. 

8 protractors, rectangular. 

2 tapes, metallic, 100-foot. 

1 tape, steel, 50-foot. 

Boolcs of reference. 

6 copies Engineer Field Manual, latest edition. 

The foregoing lists give the minimum equipment for an engineer 
company. A more comprehensive list of articles regarded as neces- 
sary for the more complete equipment of an engineer company can be 
obtained upon application to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs. 

(c) INSTKUOTION. 

1 . Field instruction. 

250. When from the inspections made under paragraph 90 it 
appears that the Organized Militia of a State, Territory, or the 
District of Columbia is sufficiently armed, uniformed, and equipped 
for active duty in the field, the Secretary of War is authorized, on the 
requisition of the governor of such State, Territory, or District, to pay 
to the quartermaster-general thereof, or to such other officer of the 
militia as the governor or commanding general may designate for the 
purpose, so much of its allotment of the annual appropriation under 
section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, as is necessary for the 
payment, subsistence, and transportation of such portions of its 
Organized Militia a§ shall engage in actual field or camp service for 
instruction. (Sec. 14, militia law.) 



90 PERSONNEL. 

Officers and men of the Organized Militia while so engaged are enti- 
tled to the same pay, subsistence, and transportation or travel allow- 
ances as officers and enlisted men of corresponding grades of the 
Eegular Army, from the time they start from their home rendezvous 
until their return thereto. In computing pay, previous service in 
the regular or volunteer forces of the United States is not to be 
considered. (Decision of Comptroller, Aug. 20, 1903.) 

251. Upon the application of the governor of any State or Terri- 
tory furnished with material of war under the laws of Congress, the 
Secretary of War may detail one or more officers of the army to attend 
any encampment of Organized Militia for the purpose of giving such 
instruction as the governor may request. Officers so detailed shall 
make a report of the encampment to the Secretary of War, who shall 
furnish a copy thereof to the governor of the State or Territory. (Sec. 
19, militia law.) 

252. It is entirely within the discretion of the governor of a State 
or Territory to select the place where actual field or camp service for 
instruction of the Organized Militia shall be held, and to determine 
what portion of its Organized Militia shall engage in such instruction. 
(Decisions, W. D., Dec. 22, 1903; May 2, 1905.) 

253. The funds for the payment, subsistence, and transportation 
of such of the Organized Militia as engage in actual field or camp 
service for instruction are disbursed by the United States disbursing 
ofiicer of the State, upon the order of the governor. The character 
and the amount of instruction and the manner in which it is im- 
parted to the troops are matters within the control of the governor; 
if camps are so established and conducted as to accomplish some 
collateral purpose, it is a matter with which the War Department 
has no concern, so long as the proper military instruction is imparted. 
(Decision, W. D., Sept. 1, 1905.) 

254. A body composed of youths under the age of 18 is not, under 
the law, a part of the Organized Militia, and its being organized and 
uniformed by or in a State does not make it so; such a body is there- 
fore not entitled to receive any benefits provided for the Organized 
Militia by federal laws. 

255. Officers or enlisted men attending an army school under the 
provisions of section 16 of the militia law are not considered as 
engaged in actual camp or field service, and their expenses can not 
be paid under section 14, militia law. (Decision, W. D., Jan. 13, 
1904.) 

256. Payment of the transportation of mounted officers who take 
part in the actual field or camp service for instruction, pursuant to 
the provisions of section 14 of the militia law, and for the horses of 
these officers, may be made from funds allotted to the State or 
Territory or the District of Columbia under section 1661, Revised 



PEKSONNEL. 91 

Statutes, as amended, from the Jiome station of the oHicers to tlie 
place of encampment, and, returning, from tlie place of encampment 
to the home stations of the officers. 

257. Officers and enlisted men serving as provided in section 14, 
militia law, are entitled to be paid for the actual number of days 
they are engaged in service at the same rates of pay as officers and 
enlisted men of the corresponding grades of the Regular Army. 
The act of March 2, 1903, defining division of yearly time and com- 
putation for fractional parts of months is limited in its application 
to pa3'-ments made to the Regular Army. (Decision of Comptroller, 
Oct. 30, 1903.) 

258. Where troops engage in a practice march for instruction, the 
cost of wagon transportation sufficient to carry the rations, tentage, 
and bedding is a proper charge against the State's allotment of 
funds under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. Therefore 
where the expenditure is reasonable and necessary to the movements 
of the troops that are engaged in a practice march the same will be 
allowed. (Decision, W. D., Oct. 18, 1905.) 

269. Officers and men of the District of Columbia Militia who shall 
engage in actual field or camp service for instruction under the pro- 
visions of section 14, militia law, will be paid as provided in that act, 
notwithstanding they may be civil employees of the United States. 
(Decision of Comptroller, July 27, 1903.) 

260. Under section 14, militia law, which provides that the Organ- 
ized Militia of a State which "shall engage in actual field or camp 
service for instruction" shall be entitled to receive the same pay to 
which officers and enlisted men of the Regular Army are entitled 
by law, it is beyond the power of the War Department to authorize 
payments of any other rates from appropriations provided by Con- 
gress for the militia. (Decision, W. D., Sept. 11, 1905.) 

261. If a militia force is encamped under the provisions of section 
14, militia law, and fines are imposed by a summary court for derelic- 
tions of duty, the amounts of such fines should be entered on the pay 
rolls; the officer paying the troops should deduct the amounts of the 
fines from the pay of the men, deposit the amounts collected to the 
credit of the appropriation from which the payment was made, and 
take up the same on his abstract of collections. (Decision, W. D., 
Sept. 19, 1904.) 

262. An officer of the Organized Militia is entitled to pay only 
when on duty, and not while on leave, during the period of encamp- 
ment of the militia of which he is a member. (Decision, W. D., 
Aug. 25, 1905.) 

263. Claims for damages done to crops during a state encampment 
do not constitute a lawful charge against the allotment of the State 
in the operation of section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, unless 



92 PERSONNEL. 

before the encampment and maneuvers are held and the grounds are 
occupied a lease has been executed providing for the placing of the 
leased premises in the same condition in which they were at the 
beginning of the encampment and maneuvers, charging the State 
with the cost of such restoration. In case such lease is made the 
claims can be paid — not as damage cases, but as claims arising in 
the execution of a contractual obligation. 

The extent of the damages should be ascertained by a board of 
award consisting of three persons — one selected by the State, one 
by the lessor, and the third by these two. Payment of the amount 
due to the lessor should be made on Form No. 22, D. M. A., and the 
report of the board should be attached thereto as a subvoucher. 
(Circular, No. 13, D. M. A., 1909.) 

264. The Secretary of War is authorized to provide for participa- 
tion by any part of the Organized Militia of any State, Territory, 
or of the District of Columbia, on the request of the governor of 
the State or Territory or the commanding general of the militia of 
the District of Columbia, in the encampment, maneuvers, and field 
instruction of any part of the Regular Army at or near any military 
post or camp or lake or seacoast defenses of the United States. (Sec. 
15, militia law.) 

265. It is the custom of Congress to make an annual special appro- 
priation to defray the expenses of the Organized Militia participating 
in joint instructional exercises with the Regular Army. This appro- 
priation is designated "Encampment and Maneuvers, Organized 
Militia" by the Treasury Department. The pay, subsistence, and 
transportation furnished the Organized Militia in connection with 
such joint instructional exercises may be paid from this appropriation; 
if so paid the disbursements are made by officers of the supply 
departments of the Regular Army. 

These expenses may also be defrayed from funds allotted to the 
State under section 1661, Revised Statutes, and if this is done, the 
disbursements must be made by the United States disbursing officer 
of the State. 

266. The appropriation "Encampment and Maneuvers, Organized 
Militia, " is properly chargeable with claims for damages done property 
during joint encampments of state and regular troops, if it shall 
appear that the damage was caused by the movement of the troops 
as a whole and not by the act of an individual. 

Where unexpected movements necessitate the entering of a 
demesne not covered by lease, the property so occupied is occupied 
subject to the rights of the owners of the land, and the law implies 
a contract to pay rent to those owning the premises so used. (De- 
cision of Comptroller, Mar. 10, 1910.) 



PERSONNEL. 93 

267. No bills should be contracted or obligations incurred by any 
officer of the militia, in connection with the participation of the 
Organized Militia in joint camps of instruction or maneuvers, pro- 
viding for payment to be made by the United States, except in 
accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 265 and 266. 

268. Requisitions for supplies for joint encampments of instruc- 
tion must be made to the proper supply officers of the Regular Army 
in charge of issuing supplies thereat, and should specify as near as 
possible the exact quantities of supplies that ^\'ill be required. The 
military authorities of the States, Territories, and the District of 
Columbia should inform the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, as far 
as possible in advance of the date of joint exercises or encampments, 
the probable quantities of supplies of each kind that will be required 
in anticipation of the requisitions that will be submitted to the sup- 
ply officers later at the encampments. 

269. Members of the Organized Militia, while participating in the 
encampments, maneuvers, and field service with any part of the 
Regular Army, under the provisions of section 15 of the militia law, 
are entitled to pay, subsistence, and transportation at the same rate 
as officers and men of corresponding grades in the Regular Army 
from the time of departure from their home stations to the time of 
return thereto, both dates inclusive; disbursements on this account 
may be made either by regular officers, from the appropriation 
"Encampment and Maneuvers, Organized Militia," or by the United 
States disbursing officer of the State, from funds allotted to the State 
under section 1661, Revised Statutes, in accordance with agreement 
made in regard thereto between the military authorities of the States, 
Territories, and District of Columbia and the Secretary of War. 

270. In case, as result of conference between the military authori- 
ties of the State, Territory, or District of Columbia and the Secre- 
tary of War, it is agreed that the State shall bear a portion of the 
expenses of the pay of officers and enlisted men, the parts carried by 
the rolls will clearly indicate the obligations which rest against the 
federal funds and those which rest against state funds. In case pay- 
ment is made from both federal and state funds, the former shall not 
exceed the excess of federal pay over state pay; if state pay is in 
excess of federal pay, no payment will be made from federal funds, 
either those appropriated under "Encampment and Maneuvers, 
Organized Militia," or those alloted to the States under the provisions 
of section 1661, Revised Statutes. 

271. In computing pay, previous service in the regular or volunteer 
forces of the United States is not to be considered. If there shall 
be paid, from funds appropriated by the legislature of a State, to the 
troops of its Organized Militia participating in such joint encamp- 



94 PBESONNEL. 

ments, maneuvers, and field instruction, an amount equal to, or ex- 
ceeding, that paid to the ofiicers and men of corresponding grades 
of the Regular Army, no allowance for pay shall be made from the 
appropriation provided by Congress for the purpose of defraying the 
expenses of the encampments and maneuvers of the Organized 
Militia, and in no case shall the total of the allowance from United 
States funds for pay, and the amount expended for the same pur- 
pose from state funds, exceed the rate of pay authorized and allowed 
by the laws of such State to be paid to the troops of its Organized 
Militia. (Sec. 15, militia law; decisions of Comptroller, Aug. 20, 
1903, and July 7, 1903.) 

272. The Organized Militia when traveling with a view to partici- 
pating in encampments, or maneuvers, for field instruction with the 
Regular Army, under the provisions of section 15 of the militia law, 
is included in the term "troops" as used in the land-grant act of July 
25, 1866 (14 Stat., 241), and similar acts, and payment by the United 
States for transportation of officers and men of the Organized Militia 
so traveling is subject to the same restrictions under land-grant acts 
as the transportation of regular troops. 

274. The command of a military post or camp where joint exer- 
cises or maneuvers are held in connection with United States troops 
there stationed remains with the regular commander of the post or 
camp without regard to the rank of any officer of the militia encamped 
within its limits or in its vicinity. (Sec. 15, militia law, as amended.) 

275. Troops of the Organized Militia encamped at any military post 
or camp of the United States may be furnished with such amounts of 
ammunition for instruction in firing and target practice as may be 
prescribed by the Secretary of War without charge against funds 
allotted to the State, Territory, or District of Columbia, under the 
provisions of section 1661 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, or the 
issue value allotted to the State, under the provisions of section 13 
of the act approved May 27, 1908. Such instructions shah be carried 
on under the direction of an officer of the Regular Army selected for 
that purpose by the commanding officer of the military post or camp. 
(Sec. 21, militia law, as amended.) 

276. As the mihtia forces while participating in joint maneuvers or 
encampment are not "called forth" in the manner or for any of the 
purposes prescribed in the Constitution, they continue to be state 
forces, and do not at any time pass into the service of the United 
States. Claims for damages on account of injuries sustained during 
participation in these joint exercises can not be adjusted by the War 
Department, and should be presented to the State in whose service the 
parties were when the injuries were received. (Decision, W. D., Feb. 
15, 1904.) 

277. Officers and enlisted men of the Organized Militia while attend- 
mg national rifle contests or joint camps of instruction may be 



PEESONNEL. 95 

admitted to field hospitals of the army on the approval, respectively, 
of the executive ofhcer of the national matches or the commanding 
officer of the joint camp of instruction. The charges for subsistence 
to reimburse hospital funds will be at the rate of 50 cents a day for 
each officer and 30 cents a day for each enlisted man of the militia. 
The hospital charges for subsistence of enlisted men and the cost of 
the medicines used in the treatment of officers and enlisted men will 
constitute charges against the allotments, under section 1661, Eevised 
Statutes, to the State, Territorj^, or District of Columbia, to the militia 
of which the patients respectively belong. (A. R. 1478, as amended 
by G. O., No. 36, W. D., 1910.) " 

278. Officers of the Organized Militia not belonging to organiza- 
tions attending maneuvers may be assigned to duties of grades cor- 
responding to those held bj^ them, respectively, to fill vacancies which 
may exist temporarilj^ in such organizations, and may be paid the 
pay due their grade from federal funds for the performance of such 
duties. They shall be entered on pay rolls, in red ink, after the roll 
proper, and reported as "attached." 

279. Where officers, in case of necessity, expend moneys from their 
own private funds for supplies for their companies while en route to 
maneuvers, they shall in all cases take written receipts for such 
expenditures. Accounts may then be presented subsequently, with 
these receipts as vouchers, and the officers reimbursetl for expendi- 
tures made by them. 

280. When any portion of the Organized Militia of any State, 
Territory, or the District of Columbia participates in the encamp- 
ment, maneuvers, and field instruction of any part of the Regular 
Army, under the provisions of section 15 of the militia law, they may, 
after being duly mustered by an officer of the Regular Army, be paid 
from any authorized federal funds at any time after such muster for 
the period from the date of leaving the home rendezvous to date of 
return thereto as determined in advance, both dates inclusive. The 
muster rolls will have entered opposite the name of each enlisted 
man the date of his enlistment, and no enlisted man will be mustered 
for pay who has not been a bona fide member of the organization for at 
least three months prior to the date of the encampment, maneuvers, 
or exercises, or has not had equivalent service in the Army, ilarine 
Corps, or Organized ^lilitia of the United States, or who has not been 
a student at an educational institution at which military instruction is 
given, or who has not otherwise received the elementary instruction 
of recruits prescribed as requisite by the War Department. The mus- 
ter and inspection prescribed herein will be made as near as practi- 
cable at the close of the joint encampment, maneuvers, or exercises, 
and at a time that ^nll interfere as little as possible with the execu- 
tion of the programme of instruction. (Circular, No. 2, D.M. A., 1910.) 



96 PERSONNEL. 

281. The law makes no provision for payment of mileage to officers 
of the Organized Militia. The transportation for which provision is 
made by the law is either transportation in kind or the cost thereof 
when it can not be furnished by the United States. 

2. Target practice. 

282. In an engagement of all arms, rifle fire must always be the 
most important factor, and by it will the results of battles be most 
frequently decided. 

283. As the effect of rifle fire depends upon the number of hits made, 
not upon the number of shots fired, it follows that troops untrained 
in fire discipline, fire direction, and fire control, and who can not hit 
what they shoot at, are of little value on the field of battle. To 
send troops into battle without thorough preparatory training in the 
use of their arms is to expose them to death uselessly. 

284. The sole purpose of rifle training for the soldier is to make of 
him a good shot under war conditions, and a scheme of instructions 
will be effective in so far as it tends to produce that result. Such a 
scheme should be progressive in character, beginning with simple and 
easy exercises and advancing by stages to the more complex and 
difficult field firing exercises which represent as nearly as possible 
conditions which will confront the officer and soldier in action. The 
preliminary drills and the range practice, in sequence, are a prepara- 
tion for field practice in which war conditions are simulated, and in 
each of these classes of instruction the idea of progression from the 
simple to the more difficult is kept in view. 

285. Special Course C is prescribed for the use of the Organized 
Mifitia of the United States, so far as conditions permit, and will be 
preceded by the preliminary instruction and drills prescribed in Part 
II, Provisional Small- Arms Firing Manual, 1909, using the methods 
and rules prescribed in that Manual, as far as they are applicable. 
Proficiency in estimating distances will not be requisite for qualifica- 
tion. If facilities are available and the allowance of ammunition per- 
mits, such field practice of the nature of that prescribed in Part TV, 
Provisional Small-Arms Firing Manual, 1909, as the state authorities 
may prescribe, may be held and a proficiency test adopted, if desired. 

Although Special Course C is prescribed for the Organized Militia, 
the War Department desires that the course prescribed for the Regu- 
lar Army be followed when it is considered practicable to do so by 
the military authorities of any State, Territory, or District of Columbia. 

286. The funds appropriated under section 1661, Revised Statutes, 
as amended, may be expended by State disbursing officers for defray- 
ing the expenses of pay and transportation of officers, and pay, trans- 
portation, and subsistence of enlisted men, of bodies of troops of the 
Organized Militia participating in rifle practice, provided that the 
following conditions are observed: 



PERSONNEL. 



97 



1. That the practice shall take place pursuant to specific orders 
published by the proper state authorities. 

2. That the practice shall be conducted according to the rules, 
regulations, and suggestions given in the Provisional Small-Arms 
Firing Manual, 1909, or other authorized regulations. 

3. That no practice shall take place except under the immediate 
personal supervision of a commissioned officer of the Organized 
Mihtia, in his presence, and that this ofiicer shall be responsible that 
the requirements of the two preceding sections of this paragraph are 
observed. 

4. That when the preceding conditions have been comphed with, 
the practice may be given to any detachment or body of the Organized 
Militia regularly armed with the small arm used by the United 
States Army, which shall consist of eight or more enlisted men and 
one or more commissioned officers. 

5. That all ammunition shaU be expended so as to give the greatest 
possible amount of instruction. 

6. That no expenditure of ammunition shall be made except in 
accordance with the requirements of paragraph 2 above. 

7. That a record of the expenditure of each round of ammunition 
and the results of the firing shall be kept in all cases, and that this 
record shall be signed officially by the officer supervising the firing 
immediately after the detachment or other separate body has com- 
pleted its firing. 

Troops engaged in rifle practice need not necessarily be quartered 
in tents during the period of the practice, but no allowance can be 
made from. funds allotted to the State under section 1661, Revised 
Statutes, as amended, for hire or rent of rooms or other quarters. 
(Circular, No. 14, D. M. A., 1909.) 

287. Members of the Organized Mihtia participating in the National 
Match or engaged under proper orders in a camp for instruction in 
rifle practice, regimental teams of the Organized Militia in rifle 
matches, and troops ordered to rifle ranges for class practice are enti- 
tled to pay, subsistence, and transportation, to be paid from funds 
appropriated under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, 
and authorized to be expended for such purposes by section 14 of the 
militia law, but they are not entitled to increase of pay for length of 
service. 

The incidental expenses of carrying on rifle matches, including pay 
of men working targets, and prizes are properly chargeable to that 
portion of the allotment set aside for the promotion of rifle practice. 
(Decisions of ComptroUer, July 7 and Dec. 14, 1903; decisions, W. 
D., Aug. 23, 1905; Sept. 5, 1906, and Feb. 11, 1907.) 

288. Uniform insignia will be issued by the War Department to the 
individuals of the Organized Mihtia of the States, Territories, and the 

33265°— 11 7 



98 PERSONNEL. 

District of Columbia qualifying in the course of target firing pre- 
scribed by the Provisional Small- Arms Firing Manual, 1 909, as follows : 

(a) To those qualifying in the course prescribed for the Regular 
Army, the standard insignia of silver provided for issue to regular 
troops. 

(b) To those qualifying in Special Course "C," insignia of the same 
pattern as the standard insignia issued to the Regular Army, but 
made of bronze. 

(c) To those qualifying in Special Course "A," the insignia pre- 
scribed for regular troops qualifying in that course. 

(d) To those who quahly in the course of pistol firing prescribed in 
the Provisional Small- Arms Firing Manual, 1909, the bronze insignia 
provided for therein will be issued. 

All of these insignia may be obtained by the governors of the 
States or Territories or by the commanding general of the militia of 
the District of Columbia on requisition approved by the Secretary of 
War, either as a charge against the allotment of the State or Territory 
or the District of Columbia, under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 
amended, or as a purchase for cash under the provisions of section 17 
of the mihtia law. (Circular, No. 3, D. M. A., 1909.) 

289. There are two classes of competitions — state and national. 
State competitions, if practicable, are held annually. The national 
competition, which is held each year, will be at such place as shall be 
designated by the Secretary of War. The state teams participating 
in the national competition may, under section 14, militia law, receive 
pay, subsistence, and transportation from funds appropriated under 
section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended. 

The results of the national competition are published by the War 
Department. 

290. The national competition was instituted and exists for the pur- 
pose of fostering interest in target practice, of furnishing the means for 
the exchange of ideas among those who excel in small-arms firing, and 
for classifying the best shots according to merit shown under similar 
conditions. 

291. Congress makes annual appropriations to cover the cost of 
trophies, medals, and prizes for the national competition, and the con- 
ditions under which it is to be held are pubhshed annually in orders 
from the War Department. 

292. Troops of the Organized Militia encamped at any miUtary post 
or camp of the United States may be furnished such amounts of am- 
munition for instruction in firing and target practice as may be pre- 
scribed by the Secretary of War, and such instruction in firing shall 
be carried on under the direction of an officer selected for that pur- 
pose by the proper mihtary commander. (Sec. 21, militia law.) 

293. Twenty-five per cent of the annual allowance of ammunition 
for the Regular Army will be issued to the States, Territories, and the 



PERSONNEL. 99 

District of Columbia according to the organized enlisted strength as 
shown by the last inspection reports of the United States Army officers 
on requisitions duly made out and submitted by the States to the 
proper supply department of the War Department through the Chief, 
Division of Mihtia Affairs. (Circular, No. 9, D. M. A., 1909.) 

An additional 25 per cent of ammunition will be issued on other 
requisitions, similarly submitted, provided the reports of small-arms 
firing of the troops in the State, Territory, and the District of Colum- 
bia, made on Form No. 15, D. M. A., copies of which should accom- 
pany the requisitions, give evidence, satisfactory to the Secretary of 
War, that the ammunition previously issued has been judiciously ex- 
pended, the issues made hereunder being without charge to the state's 
allotment from the appropriation under section 1661, Revised Stat- 
utes, as amended. (Sec. 13, militia law.) 

In no event can the total allowance for ammunition be exceeded, 
but any portion or all of said allowance, if not utilized for ammuni- 
tion, may be expended in the procurement from the department of 
other miUtary stores and supplies. (Sec. 1.3, militia law.) 

294. The allowance of ammunition used in target practice is fixed 
by the State or Territory. (Par. 160, Provisional Small- Arms Firing 
Manual, 1909.) 

295. The governors of the various States and Territories and the 
commanding general of the District of Columbia Mihtia will be per- 
mitted to turn in empty cartridge cases, empty zinc-lined packing 
boxes for ball cartridges, caliber .30, model of 1906, bandoleers, and 
cHps, and will receive credit therefor to the extent provided for in 
this paragraph. The empty cartridge cases, empty zinc-lined pack- 
ing boxes for ball cartridges, caliber .30, model of 1906, bandoleers, 
and clips turned in by the various States and Territories or by the 
District of Columbia Militia, should be shipped by the governors of 
the States or Territories or by the commanding general of the District 
of Columbia Militia, as follows: 

From the States of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, CaHfornia, and 
Nevada, and the Territory of Hawaii, to the commanding officer, 
Benicia Arsenal, Benicia, Cal. 

From the remaining States and Territories west of the Mississippi 
River, and from Wisconsin and Illinois, to the commanding officer of 
the Rock Island Arsenal, Rock Island, 111. 

From the remaining States and the District of Columbia, to the 
commanding officer of the Frankford Arsenal, Bridesburg, Pa. 

After the expenditure of ammunition in target practice with field 
guns, the empty cases should be taken up on the property return of 
the State as "Empty metallic cartridge cases," under the heading 
provided for that purpose. Immediately after firing the cases should 
be decapped, well cleaned by washing inside and out, and dried. 



100 PERSONNEL. 

The empty cartridge cases and empty packing boxes with zinc lin- 
ings, remaining after the ammunition has been fired, are the prop- 
erty of the United States, but as their original value was charged 
against the State's allotment, when this material is turned in, the 
State's allotment will be credited with the value thereof. The value 
will be determined by an inspection of the articles when received at 
Frankford Arsenal, to which depot they will be sent when received 
by the commanding officers of other ordnance establishments, as 
provided for in this paragraph. Care should be taken to keep such 
material in good condition, as the amount of the credit to the State's 
allotment will depend upon the condition of the material when 
received at the ordnance establishments. 

This material should be turned in by the governors of the various 
States and Territories and the commanding general of the District 
of Columbia Militia, and not by individual organizations. 

In case the governor of a State or Territory, or the commanding 
general of the Militia of the District of Columbia, should desire to 
have the cartridge cases resized for saluting purposes, they should be 
turned in to the Frankford Arsenal, where such work will be done 
at a nominal cost. (General Orders, Nos. 17 and 72, W. D., series 
1910.) 

296. The portion of the allotment set aside in paragraph 170 for the 
promotion of rifle practice, including the acquisition, construction, 
maintenance, and equipment of shooting galleries and target ranges, 
must be entirely devoted to that purpose, any unexpended balance 
thereof being carried forward to the next fiscal year for application 
to the same object. These amounts constitute the minimum limits 
of expenditure for the promotion of rifle practice required by the War 
Department, but it should be expressly understood that no maximrmi 
limit has been fixed, the governors of the States and Territories hav- 
ing discretionary authority to expend for this purpose in excess of 
such minimum requirements any amount of the balance of the allot- 
ment to the State or Territory for other purposes as, in their judg- 
ment, may be deemed proper. (Note (c) on page 3, Circular, No. 8, 
D. M. A., 1910.) 

297. Rifle teams of the Organized Militia of the different States, 
Territories, and the District of Columbia, travehng over fifty per 
centum land-grant lines under competent orders sanctioned by the 
War Department, are entitled to transportation at a rate not to 
exceed fifty per centum of that which at that time is charged to and 
paid by private parties to any such company for like and similar 
transportation; they are also entitled to authorized deductions over 
the Central Pacific bond-aided fines. (Decision of Comptroller, pub- 
hshed in Circular, No. 41, W. D., 1907; opinion of Judge-Advocate- 
General, Aug. 8, 1907.) 



PEBSONNBL. 101 

298. Enlisted men of a team which is to represent a State or Terri- 
tory or the District of Colmnbia in the national match' may be paid 
commutation of rations at the rate of 11.50 a day for each man while 
traveling to and from the place of contest. The cost of the commu- 
tation in question is a proper charge against the allotment under the 
operation of section 14, mihtia law. The cost of the subsistence of 
enlisted members of teams while in attendance at the match will be 
defrayed from the appropriation made by Congress for the purpose, 
the cost of such subsistence not to exceed $1.50 a day for each man. 
The expenditures for the period while traveling will be made by the 
United States disbursing officer of the State or Territory or the District 
of Columbia; those for the period at the target range by the executive 
officer of the match. 

299. Commissioned officers of the Organized Militia who are mem- 
bers of a state rifle team, while traveling to and from the place at 
which the National Match is held, are entitled to sleeping-car accom- 
modations; and noncommissioned officers and other enlisted men 
may be furnished with similar accommodations, provided that the 
cost thereof, together with the travel fare, does not exceed the cost 
of a first-class limited ticket. (Decisions, W. D., Sept. 21, 1903; 
Aug. 2, 1905.) 

300. The expenses of members of the Organized Militia attending, 
as representatives of the mUitia authorities of a State or Territory, 
though not as members of the team which represents such State or 
Territory ia the national match, the annual small-arms firing compe- 
titions for the national trophy and other prizes provided for by act 
of Congress, can not be defrayed from the allotment to the State 
or Territory under the provisions of section 1661, Revised Statutes, 
as amended. (Decision, W. D., June 6, 1905.) 

301. The services of officers or enlisted men of the Organized Militia, 
in connection with the acquisition, maintenance, and operation of 
target ranges, or in connection with the construction work or better- 
ments; range officers, scorers, target pasters on field ranges, or in 
connection with regular practice in armories, can not be paid from 
funds allotted to the State, Territory, or District of Columbia, under 
the provisions of section 1661 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, 
as such services are regarded as proper military duties and should be 
voliintary and rendered gratuitously by officers and enlisted men of 
the Organized Mihtia. 

302. Entrance fees for teams of the Organized Militia participating 
in competitions conducted under the direction of the National Rifle 
Association of America or of any State rifle and revolver association 
constitute a proper charge against the allotment for the promotion 
of rifle practice under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, 
(Decisions, W. D., Jan. 19, 1910; Comptroller, Aug., 1910.) 



102 PEESONNEL. 

303. No portion of the allotment set aside for the promotion of 
rifle practice can be used to pay officers and enlisted men of the 
Organized Militia a stipulated sum for shots fired on the target range, 
even though the laws of any State or Territory may provide for such 
payment. (Decision, W. D., Sept. 5, 1906.) 

304. No part of the allotment set aside for the promotion of rifle 
practice can be used to pay the salary and expenses of inspector or 
inspectors of rifle practice engaged in the work of promoting rifle 
practice. (Decision, W. D., Sept. 5, 1906.) 

305. Under section twenty-one, militia law, it is within the discre- 
tion of the Secretary of War to authorize the issue of seacoast artillery 
ammunition for the instruction of "troops of the militia * * * 
in firing and target practice." Ammunition for the use of such portion 
of the militia of a State as is to receive instruction in coast artiUery 
practice would constitute a proper charge against its allotment under 
section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended; but such use of the allot- 
ment is discretionary with the governor of the State, and the ammu- 
nition could only be charged with his consent as expressed in a proper 
requisition therefor. (Decision, W. D., June 11, 1903.) 

306. The target practice of field batteries of the Organized Mifitia 
should be confined to practice with the field guns and revolvers. The 
regulations now governing the regular field batteries require such 
practice only. 

Commanding officers of field batteries and companies or detach- 
ments of coast artiUery of the Organized Militia will forward, through 
military channels, to the Chief, Division of Mifitia Afl'airs, reports, 
on prescribed blanks, which wiU be furnished on appfication, of all 
firings with cannon, including subcaliber tubes, done under their 
supervision, immediately after such firing takes place. (Decision, 
W. D., Dec. 15, 1903; General Orders, No. 64, W. D., 1905.) 

307. The course of revolver firing prepared by a special committee 
of the National Guard Association of the United States, pubfished in 
the Provisional Small-Arms Firing Manual, 1909, is approved by the 
War Department for all purposes for the expenditure of ammunition 
and instruction referred to in these regulations. 

3. Schools. 

(a) FOK OFFICERS. 

308. When authorized by the President, upon the recommendation 
of the governors of their respective States or Territories, or of the 
commanding general of the Militia of the District of Columbia, 
officers of the Organized Militia may attend and pursue a regular 
course of study at any mihtary school or college of the United States, 
except the Military Academy at West Point. (Sec. 16, mflitia law, 
as amended.) 



MfiSONNEL. 103 

1. Army service schools. 

309. Under existing orders, officers of the Organized Militia are 
allowed to attend the following army service schools : 

The Army School of the Line, Fort Leavenworth, Kans. 
The Army Signal School, Fort Leavenworth, Kans. 
The Army Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kans. 
The Coast Artillery School, Fort Monroe, Va. 
The Army Medical School, Washington, D. C. 
The Army Field Service School for Medical Officers, Fort 
Leavenworth, Kans. 

310. Regulations governing these schools and rules as to the courses 
of study, proficiency, examination, order of merit, etc., are published 
in orders from the War Department. As now existing this in- 
formation is contained in the following orders : 

Concerning the Army School of the Line, the Army Signal School, 
the Engineering School, the Army Staff College, in General Orders, 
No. 69, War Department, 1910. 

Concerning the Coast Artillery School, in General Orders, No. 143, 
War Department, 1910. 

Concerning the Army Medical School, in General Orders, No. 139, 
War Department, 1905, and in General Orders, No. 134, War 
Department, 1907. 

Concerning the Army Field Service School for Medical Officers, in 
General Orders, No. 132, War Department, 1910. 

General requirements concerning attendance of militia officers at army service schools, 
and allowances while attending. 

311. An officer must be not less than 21 nor more than 35 years 
of age; must not be above the grade of colonel; must be of sound 
health and of good moral character; must be a citizen of the United 
States ; must have such preliminary educational qualifications as will 
enable him to participate profitably in the course of instruction, and 
must be nominated to the Secretary of War by the governor of his 
State or Territory, or by the commanding general of the Militia of 
the District of Columbia, not later than January 1 of each year. 

312. The nomination of the governor or general commanding must, 
in each case, be accompanied by the following papers : An affidavit of 
the nominee, stating his age, citizenship, and length of service in the 
Organized Militia, and agreeing, in case the course is once entered 
upon, to attend and pursue the course of study at the school desig- 
nated, and to be bound by and conform to the rules and discipline 
imposed by its regulations; a certificate of a medical officer of the 
Organized Militia, or of any other physician in good standing, showing 
the physical condition of the nominee, and a certificate from the 
colonel of the regiment, or other satisfactory person, as to_ the good 
moral character and preliminary educational qualifications of the 



104 PERSONNEL. 

nominee. If the number of militia officers nominated by the gov- 
ernors of the various States be in excess of the number that can be 
accommodated at the schools designated, the number authorized from 
each State will be in proportion to the strength of its Organized Militia. 

313. Each militia officer attending a school must provide himself, 
at his own expense, with the proper uniform of his own State, Terri- 
tory, or District, and with the required text-books. He shall wear 
his proper uniform during recitations. 

314. The expense to the Government on account of miUtia officers 
attending service schools is limited to travel allowances, commutation 
of quarters, and subsistence. The travel allowances consist of the 
mileage or transportation allowed by law. Commutation of quarters 
will be the same as provided by law for officers of the corresponding 
grade in the army. Militia officers can not be furnished with quarters 
in kind. For subsistence each mifitia officer will be paid $1 a day 
while in actual attendance at a school. Officers of the militia are 
entitled to allowances for quarters and subsisteace only while they 
are actually in attendance at a school and pursuing a course of study. 
They are not entitled to any allowances while absent on either ordi- 
nary leave or on sick leave. The method of granting sick and ordinary 
leaves of absence will be the same as that prescribed in Army Regula- 
tions for officers of the regular establishment. The former will be lim- 
ited to thirty days and the latter to ten days within anyone school term. 

315. The attendance of officers of the Organized Militia purstiing a 
course of study at a service school shall be certified to by the com- 
manding officer or by the commandant. If officers attend all sessions 
of a school during the month the certificates phall cover the entire 
month. The inclusive dates of all absences shall be stated in the 
certificates and these certificates will be filed with the officers' ac- 
counts for commutation of quarters and subsistence. The first 
account will also be accompanied by a copy of the authority under 
which the officers reported at the school. 

Special requirements concerning the Army School of the Line. 

316. No married mifitia officer shall be admitted to this school 
without the especial authority of the Secretary of War in each case. 
The affidavit required by paragraph 312 will state whether or not the 
appficant is married, and the nomination reqiured by the same para- 
graph must be made not later than January 1 of each year. 

317. Such mifitia officers as have compfied with the necessary pre- 
Umiaary requirements and who may be selected by the Secretary of 
War as candidates will be authorized to report at posts nearest their 
homes on the second Tuesday in July for preliminary examination. 
The physical examination will first be conducted. If a candidate be 
found physically deficient, a report in the case will be made at once to 
The Adjutant-General of the Army by telegraph and no further 



PEKSONNEL. 105 

examination will be conducted without special authority from the 
Secretary of War. 

318. If the physical examination be satisfactory, the candidates 
will then be examined in certain general educational subjects. The 
scope of this general educational examiaation can be found in para- 
graph 8, General Orders, No. 69, War Department, series of 1910. 

In lieu of this general educational examination a graduating diploma 
from a high school or other educational institution of recognized 
standing whose curriculum embraces the subjects in question will be 
accepted. 

319. The candidates will then be examined in certain military sub- 
jects. The scope of this military examination can be found in para- 
graph 9, General Orders, No. 69, War Department, series of 1910. 

In Ueu of this military examination a certificate of proficiency from 
a garrison school in these subjects will be accepted. 

320. The examination will be written, will take place in the presence 
of a designated officer, and the questions will be prepared by the staff 
of the Army School of the Line. At the close of this examination 
candidates wiU return to their homes. The examination papers will 
be forwarded to the commandant, who, after having them marked by 
a board consisting of three officers, will report to The Adjutant-Gen- 
eral of the Army the names of those who have successfully passed. 
From the names thus submitted the selection of miUtia student officers 
will be made by the Secretary of War. The examination papers in 
each case shall be filed with the school records. 

321. Mihtia officers shall be subject to the rules governing exami- 
nations and proficiency prescribed in paragraphs 19 to 24, inclusive, 
General Orders, No. 69, War Department, 1910. Any militia officer 
showing neglect of his studies or a disregard of orders, will, upon the 
recommendation of the academic board, approved by the com- 
mandant, be deprived of the privilege of further attendance at the 
school. 

322. The course of instruction for militia officers will be the same 
as that for officers of the army, and they will, upon graduation, re- 
ceive a diploma and be classified in the same manner. They will 
receive certificates of proficiency in such subjects as have been satis- 
factorily completed by them, and will be eligible, if their class stand- 
ing is sufficiently high, for selection as students at the Army Signal 
School or Army Staff College. Militia graduates of the School of the 
Line, recommended for the Staff College or Signal School of the fol- 
lowing year, will be authorized to proceed to their homes by direc- 
tion of the Secretary of War. If subsequently detailed by the War 
Department to take the further course for which recommended, 
they will be authorized to proceed to Fort Leavenworth at the proper 
time. 



106 PEESONNEL. 

323. When a militia officer is graduated from the school, the fact 
of his graduation will be reported by the commandant to the governor 
of his State or Territory or to the commanding general of the militia 
of the District of Columbia, who will also be notified in regard to the 
positions in the militia for which the oflScer is considered qualified. 

324. The names of militia graduates will also be reported to The 
Adjutant-General of the Army and will be entered in the register at 
the War Department in accordance with section 23, militia law, as 
well or especially well qualified for such commands or duties as 
may be recommended by the academic board, approved by the 
commandant. 

Special requirements concerning the Army Signal School. 

325. The student officers at this school shall consist of the regular 
officers properly detailed thereto and of such militia officers, gradu- 
ates from the latest class of the Army School of the Line, as desire 
the course and as shall have been recommended by the academic 
board, and approved by the commandant; and of such militia 
officers of signal organizations as may apply for entrance. How- 
ever, those militia officers who apply for entrance and who have not 
graduated from the Army School of the Line must fulfill the general 
requirements for attendance at the Army School of the Line and 
must be examined physically, in general educational subjects, and in 
certain military subjects. The scope of this examination can be 
found in paragraphs 7, 8, and 31, General Orders, No. 69, War 
Department, series of 1910. 

Special requirements concerning the Army Staff College. 

326. Student officers for the Army Staff College will be detailed 
Miinually, by the War Department, from the highest graduates of 
the latest class of the Army School of the Line, who receive the recom- 
mendation of the academic board, approved by the commandant, 
and who desire to take the course. But no officer of the army will 
be detailed who did not graduate with a standing as high as No. 24, 
exclusive of militia officers, and no militia officer will be detailed 
who did not graduate with a percentage at least as high as that of the 
lowest eligible regular officer. 

Special requirements concerning the Coast Artillery School. 

327. Officers of militia coast artillery organizations may attend this 
richool under regulations identical with those providing for attend- 
lince of militia officers at the Army School of the Line, except that 
they will not be required to be examined in the subject of hippology. 



PERSONNEL. 107 

Special requirements concerning the Army Medical School. 

328. The affidavit required by paragraph 312 must show the medi- 
cal school from which the applicant received his degree and the date of 
his graduation. 

329. The course of instruction for militia officers shall be the same 
as that for student candidates, and they shall upon graduation be 
classified in the same manner. 

330. A militia officer found deficient during the course in any sub- 
ject may be conditioned by the president of the school upon the 
recommendation of the academic staff, and continued at the school 
with a view to making good his deficiency at the final examination. 
Without such recommendation he shall be reported to The Adjutant- 
General of the Army with a view to the withdrawal of the authority 
to attend the school. Any officer showing neglect of his studies or 
a disregard of orders shall, upon the recommendation of the president 
of the school, be deprived of the privilege of further attendance at 
the school. 

331. When a militia officer graduates from the school the fact of 
his graduation shall be reported to the governor of his State or Terri- 
tory or the commanding general of the militia of the District of Co- 
lumbia, who shall also be notified in regard to the positions in the 
medical service of the militia for which the officer is especially quali- 
fied. 

332. The names of militia graduates shall be entered in the regis- 
ter at the War Department in accordance with section 23, militia 
law, as qualified for such duties as the staff of the school may 
recommend. 

Attendance of officers of the Organized Militia — Garrison schools. 

333. By direction of the President, the following regulations 
govern the attendance of officers of the Organized Militia as students 
at garrison schools, as contemplated in section 16 of the act of Con- 
gress approved January 21, 1903, as amended by the act of Congress 
approved May 27, 1908: 

334. In order to be eligible to attend a garrison school, officers of 
the Organized Militia must be recommended to the Secretary of War 
by the governors of their respective States or Territories, or by the 
commanding general of the District of Columbia militia; must be 
citizens of the United States, not less than 21 nor more than 35 years 
of age, and not above the grade of colonel. They must have been 
members of the Organized Militia at least one year prior to making 
application; must be of sound health and of good moral character, 
and must have such educational qualifications as will enable them to 
participate profitably in the course of instruction. 



108 PEESOaSTNEL. 

335. Applications of officers of the Organized Militia to attend 
garrison schools, with the recommendations of the governors of their 
respective States or Territories or of the commanding general of the 
District of Columbia militia thereon, must reach the War Depart- 
ment not later than September 1 of the year in which the officers 
desire to enter upon the course of instruction. The application in 
each case must be accompanied by the following papers: 

(a) An affidavit of the applicant stating his age, citizenship, and 
length of service in the Organized Militia. 

(6) An agreement signed by the applicant that in the event of his 
being authorized to attend and pursue the regular course of study 
at a garrison school he will be bound by and conform to the rules and 
regulations governing the school. 

(c) A certificate of a medical officer of the Organized Militia, or of 
any physician of good standing, showing the physical condition of 
the applicant. 

(d) A certificate of an officer of the Organized Mihtia above the 
grade of captain as to the moral character and educational qualifica- 
tions of the applicant. 

336. The details of officers to attend the garrison schools and the 
posts to which they are to report will be announced by the War 
Department about October 1 of each year. As far as practicable the 
officers will be assigned to posts where the school pertains to the arm 
of the service to which they belong. If the number of applicants 
be in excess of the number that can be accommodated at the schools 
designated, the number to be authorized from each State or Territory 
or from the District of Columbia will be in proportion to the strength 
of its Organized Militia. 

337. Upon receipt of authority to attend a garrison school an 
officer of the Organized Militia will report by letter for instructions 
to the commanding officer of the military post to which assigned. 
The officer will report in person at the post on the date designated 
by the commanding officer and will be admitted to the school 
without examination. 

338. Officers of the Organized Militia attending garrison schools 
will pursue the regular course prescribed in this order for officers of 
the army and will be furnished with certificates of proficiency in 
subjects satisfactorily completed by them. They can not be au- 
thorized to pursue the preliminary course, nor to continue in attend- 
ance at the garrison schools after they have completed the regular 
course. While pursuing the regular garrison school course they 
may be permitted to participate in the preliminary instruction and 
in post-graduate work where they can do so without interfering with 
their regular school work. 

339. An officer of the Organized Militia found deficient in a sub- 
ject may, in the discretion of the department commander, be reex- 



PEESONNEL. 109 

amined. If the officer is deficient upon reexamination, or if he is 
not reexamined, a report will be made to The Adjutant-General of 
the Army, with a view to the withdrawal of the authority for the 
officer to attend the school. Any officer of the Organized Militia 
showing neglect of his studies or a disregard of orders will, upon 
the recommendation of the department commander, be deprived of 
the privilege of further attendance at the school. 

340. At the close of the school year officers of the Organized 
Militia attending garrison schools will be ordered to their homes by 
post commanders. Those officers who desire to continue the course 
during the next school year will report by letter, through proper 
militia channels, to the Chief of the Division of Militia Affairs, not 
later than September 1 . 

341. Officers of the Organized Militia while actually attending and 
pursuing the regular course of study at garrison schools are entitled 
to the same allowances for travel, commutation of quarters, heat, 
and light, as are now provided by law for officers of corresponding 
grades in the army. The allowance for subsistence will be at the 
rate of $1 per day. They are not entitled to any of the above 
allowances while absent sick, or with or without leave, nor during 
the interval between the school years. Quarters in kind can not be 
furnished to officers of the Organized Militia. 

342. The expense to the United States on account of officers of 
the Organized Militia attending garrison schools is limited strictly 
to the allowances specified in paragraph 341 of these regulations- 
Each officer must provide himself at his own expense with the 
proper uniforms of his State, Territory, or District, and with the re- 
quired text-books. 

343. Leave of absence of not to exceed ten days in one school year 
may be granted an officer of the Organized Militia under the same 
rules and regulations, except as to pay and allowances, as are pre- 
scribed for officers of the Army. In case of sickness of the officer, 
such leaves may be extended by the department commander. All 
cases of absence without authority will be reported to the department 
commander for such action as he may deem appropriate. Officers 
of the Organized Militia are not required to report on days when no 
instruction is to be conducted. 

344. The monthly account for commutation of quarters and sub- 
sistence, and the quartermaster's vouchers for heat and light of 
officers of the Organized Militia pursuing the regular course at garri- 
son schools will be accompanied by certificates of attendance, signed 
by the post commanders. If the officer has attended -all sessions 
of the school during the month, the certificate will so specify. If 
the officer has been absent during the month, the inclusive dates 
of such absence will be stated. The first account of the officer will 



110 PERSONNEL. 

also be accompanied by a copy of the authority under which he is 
attending the school. 

345. At the close of the school the department commanders will 
submit to The Adjutant-General of the Army a report of the work 
of each officer of the Organized Militia attending garrison schools in 
their departments. The report will include a recommendation as 
to whether or not the officer should be authorized to continue the 
course during the next school year. 

(6) FOE ENLISTED MEN. 

346. When authorized by the President, upon the recommenda- 
tion of the governors of their respective States or Territories, or of 
the commanding general of the militia of the District of Columbia, 
enlisted men of the Organized Militia may attend and pursue a 
regular course of study at certain service schools. (Sec. 16, militia 
law, as amended.) 

347. Under existing orders or regulations, enlisted men of the 
Organized Militia are allowed to attend the following service schools : 

Coast Artillery School (enlisted men's division). Fort Mon- 
roe, Va. (G.O. 143, W.D., 1910.) 

Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kans., including the 
Training School for Farriers and Horseshoers and the 
Training School for Bakers and Cooks. (G. O. 140, 
W. D., 1910.) 

The Training School for Saddlers and for Battery Me- 
chanics of Field Artillery, Rock Island Arsenal, 111. (G. O. 
80, W. D., 1909.) 

The School for Bakers and Cooks, Washington Barracks, 
D. C. (G. O. 126, W. D., 1909.) 

The School for Bakers and Cooks, the Presidio of San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. (G. O. 127, W. D., 19J0.) 

348. The following regulations govern the attendance of enlisted 
men of the Organized Militia of the several States and Territories 
and the District of Columbia as students at service schools, as con- 
templated in section 16 of the militia law: 

1. Enlisted men of the Organized Militia of suitable qualifications 
may attend and pursue regular courses of instruction, when facilities 
therefor are available, at the service schools for enlisted men an- 
nounced by the War Department as being comprised in the military 
educational system of the United States. 

2. In order to be eligible for detail to attend a service school 
enlisted men of the Organized Militia must be citizens of the United 
States, of sound health, of good moral character, and must have 
such educational qualifications as will enable them to participate 
profitably in the regular course of instruction at the school. 



PERSONNEL. Ill 

3. As a necessary preliminary to obtaining permission to attend 
a service school enlisted men of the Organized Militia must be rec- 
ommended to the Secretary of War by the governors of their respec- 
tive States or Territories or by the commanding general of the 
militia of the District of Columbia. The recommendation in each 
case should be accompanied (1) by information as to the age and 
citizenship of the applicant, the length of his service in the militia, 
the course he desires to pursue, the length of time he agrees to devote 
to it, his educational qualifications, and his experience and instruc- 
tion, if any, in the kind of work for which he requests instruction; 

(2) by an agreement signed by the applicant that in the event he is 
detailed to attend a service school he will attend and pursue a regular 
course of study thereat, and will be bound by and conform to the 
rules and discipline imposed by the regulations for the school, and 

(3) by satisfactory evidence that the applicant is of sound health 
and of good moral character. 

4. The expense to the Government on account of enlisted men of 
the Organized Militia attending a service school is limited strictly 
to the travel allowance, quarters, and subsistence provided for 
them in section 16 of the militia law. 

5. Enlisted men of the Organized Militia attending a service school 
must provide themselves with the proper uniforms of the organiza- 
tions to which they belong. 

6. Certificates of proficiency will be given to enlisted men of the 
Organized Militia in those subjects of the courses that they pursue 
which may be satisfactorily completed by them or in which they 
pass satisfactory examinations at a service school. 

7. If any enlisted men of the Organized Militia attending a service 
school show inability to take the prescribed course with profit, or 
neglect their school work, or disregard orders, or show themselves 
as being otherwise unsuitable to remain at the school, the com- 
mandant thereof will make full report of such facts to The Adjutant- 
General of the Army as soon as practicable. 

8. When enlisted men of the Organized Militia are relieved from 
attendance at a service school the commandant thereof will inform 
The Adjutant-General of the Army as to the subjects of the course in 
which such enlisted men are proficient, with a view to conveying 
information to that effect to the governors of the respective States 
or Territories or the commanding general of the militia of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, as the case may be. (General Orders, No. 247, 
W. D., 1909.) 

4. Instruction hy noncommissioned officers of the Regular Army. 

349. Applications from governors of States and Territories, 
and the commanding general, District of Columbia Militia, for the 



112 PERSONNEL. 

detail of enlisted men of the Regular Army for duty with the Organ- 
ized Militia of the States, Territories, and the District of Columbia, 
pursuant to the provisions of section 20, militia law, as amended 
by the act of Congress approved May 27, 1908, should state in detail 
the nature of the duties it is desired that the enlisted men should per- 
form and the arm of the service from which it is desired they should 
be detailed. Applications should further specify the places at which 
the soldiers should reporl for duty and, by name and rank, the 
person to whom they should report. 

Soldiers detailed upon this duty will be paid and clothed, and 
will have their rations commuted by the proper staff officers of the 
Regular Army at the headquarters of the department in which they 
may be detailed. The descriptive lists and accounts of pay and 
clothing of enlisted men so detailed will be kept at department 
headquarters. 

It being impracticable for the United States to furnish quarters, 
fuel, light, medicines, medical attendance, and transportation 
connected with travel within the limits of the State in the execution 
of their duties, it will be necessary for the State, Territory, or District 
of Columbia to bear all expenses connected with these items from 
funds other than those appropriated under section 1661, Revised 
Statutes, as amended. The willingness of the State or Territory or 
the District of Columbia to bear these expenses should be set forth in 
the original application made for the detail. 

350. The duties of enlisted men of the Regular Army detailed for 
service with the Organized Militia pursuant to the foregoing paragraph 
include all matters pertaining to the theoretical and practical instruc- 
tion of the Organized Militia of the State which may be assigned to 
them by the officer of the State under whose orders they are serving. 
The department desires that the State military authorities shall take 
every advantage possible of the experience the enlisted men so 
detailed may have had in, and the knowledge they may have of, 
matters of drill, instruction, discipline, and customs of the regular 
service. It is to be clearly understood, however, that enlisted men 
detailed under the provisions of the foregoing paragraph shall not, 
without the consent of the noncommissioned officer, be employed in 
any other than a military capacity. 

The period of time for which these enlisted men will ordinarily be 
detailed is three years, and a soldier will not be eligible for redetail 
until he shall have served at least two years again with the Regular 
Army. 

The adjutant-general' of the State, Territory, or District of Co- 
lumbia in which enlisted men detailed under the provisions of the 
foregoing paragraph may be serving will submit, quarterly, to the 



PEESONNEL. 113 

Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, in tlie office of the Secretary of War, 
a report setting forth the manner in which the enlisted men have 
performed their duties during the past quarter, and, if not in all 
respects satisfactory, specifying in what particulars it is not so. 
Blanks for these reports will be furnished adjutants-general by the 
Chief, Division of Militia Affairs. 

Enlisted men detailed to duty with the Organized Militia in accord- 
ance with the foregoing provisions will, in addition to the bimonthly 
personal report made by them to The Adjutant-General of the Army, 
report quarterly, on September 30, December 31, March 31, and 
June 30, directly to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, War Depart- 
ment, Washington, complete details of all drills and instruction given 
by them, and other work, if any, performed by direction or at the 
request of the state authorities. (Circular, No. 6, D. M. A., 1909.) 

(d) INSPECTIONS UNDER SECTION 3, MILITIA LAW. 

351. There will be made by officers of the army, during the time 
that militia organizations are engaged in field exercises at the summer 
encampments, an inspection with a view to reporting upon the 
organization, armament, and discipline (instruction and training) 
of the Organized Militia of the several States, Territories, and the 
District of Columbia, in order that the War Department may have the 
best obtainable information as to the mihtary efficiency of the Organ- 
ized Militia for field service. 

352. The inspecting officers will report as to the completeness of 
the equipment of the organizations inspected for field service, includ- 
ing tentage, camp equipage, and personal equipment of officers and 
men; as to the ability of the organization to execute maneuvers as a 
component part of the next higher unit; as to the individual instruc- 
tion of officers and noncommissioned officers in the field service duties 
of their grades, respectively; as to the character, zeal, and efficiency 
of the men, and as to whether a physical examination of enlisted 
men was made prior to leaving their home stations for the encamp- 
ment. 

353. The inquiry and report of inspecting officers is not necessarily 
limited to the matters specially mentioned, but should be broad 
enough in scope to enable them to furnish complete information 
desired under section 3 of the militia law, and to state causes of, 
and suggest remedies for, deficiencies found to exist. 

354. The commanding generals of the various geographical depart- 
ments of the Regular Army will have immediate charge of this inspec- 
tion within the limits of their respective departments. 

355. Department commanders will communicate with the adju- 
tants-general of the States and Territories within their respective de- 

33265°— 11 8 



114 PEESONNEL. 

partments with a view to arranging all the details for the inspection 
during the time that the several organizations of the Organized 
Militia are engaged in field exercises. They will select the number of 
inspecting officers that will be necessary, arrange their itineraries, 
and communicate to them the character of the information desired in 
their reports. The names of the inspecting officers selected by the 
department commanders, together with a statement of the organiza- 
tions they are to inspect and approximately the times at which the 
inspections are to be made, will be furnished directly to the Chief, Divi- 
sion of Militia Affairs. 

356. Blank forms (Form No. 33, Division of Militia Affairs) will 
be furnished directly to inspecting officers by the Chief, Division of 
Militia Affairs, on receipt of notification from department command- 
ers of their designation as such. 

357. Inspecting officers will send their reports to the proper de- 
partment commanders immediately after the completion of their in- 
spections, and the department commanders will, after the reports 
have been examined, forward them at the earliest practicable date, 
with such remarks as they may desire to make, to the Chief, Division 
of Militia Affairs. (Instructions of Secretary of War, May 21, 1909.) 

358. The object of this inspection is primarily to determine the 
military efficiency of the Organized Militia for field service, if called 
to the service of the United States under the provisions of section 4 
of the militia law, and inspecting officers will confine their inspection 
to such matters as will enable them to report upon this matter. In 
connection therewith, it is desirable that inspectors, whenever prac- 
ticable and while in camp, have the closest possible relation with the 
officers and enlisted men of the units to which they are assigned, and 
that they shall act, in addition to the duties assigned as inspectors, 
as instructors, coaches, and military advisers. The relations thus 
established will give ample opportunity to inspectors, through their 
associations with the personnel of the organization to which they are 
attached, to note in a general way the facts required to be reported 
by paragraph 352 and provided for in the inspection form No. 33, 
Division of Militia Affairs, and to arrive at conclusions as to the 
military efficiency of the organization for field service. As soon as 
officers have been designated by department commanders for the 
performance of these duties, they will at once enter into corre- 
spondence with the State military authorities, with a view to 
making the necessary arrangements for their attendance at the camp 
and for their duties as inspectors and instructors in connection 
therewith. 

(c) MOBILIZATION UNDER SECTION 4, MILITIA LAW. 

359. Whenever the militia is called into the service of the United 
States, the Organized Militia will be designated first, and in apportion- 
ing quotas according to representative population they will, to the 



PERSONNEL. 115 

extent practicable, be so adjusted as not to leave any State or Terri- 
tory or the District of Columbia unprovided with a reserve force suffi- 
cient to meet any emergency then existing or imminent within such 
State or Territory or the District of Columbia. Except in cases where 
the Organized Militia has been called out by direct order of the Presi- 
dent, requisition will be made by the War Department upon govern- 
ors of the States or Territories or the commanding general of the 
Militia of the District of Columbia, and the arm of the service and the 
number of organizations thereof required will be stated in the requisi- 
tions. (Par. 455, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

360. The President's authority over the Organized Militia is 
derived from the Constitution and from the legislation of Congress 
in furtherance of its provisions and he can order it out in those cases 
which are specifically provided by law. The Organized Militia then 
becomes national in character and the President its commander 
in chief. 

The President is the exclusive judge of the existence of an emer- 
gency justifying the ordering out of the Organized Militia, and the 
measures necessary for giving effect to the order are executive acts 
which the Secretary of War may perform as the representative of the 
President. (Par. 456, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

361. No organization will be accepted into the service of the United 
States which, in the number of its officers and enlisted men, is below 
the minimum prescribed by the President, or above the maximum 
strength fixed by law for such organizations; and whenever any 
organization which is ordered out, or called upon, is below the mini- 
mum, it shall be immediately recruited to at least that standard 
before leaving its home station. (Par. 458, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

362. From the day that any portion of the Organized Militia 
ordered into actual service of the United States appears at the place 
of company rendezvous, the men will be provided with the necessary 
clothing, equipment, armament, and ammunition, subsisted, and 
transported to the place of concentration, under the following plan: 

(a) Governors of States and Territories and the commanding gen- 
eral of the Militia of the District of Columbia will be required to keep 
on hand, either at the various company armories or in suitable store- 
houses, a sufficient supply of arms, clothing, etc., to completely equip 
for the field the minimum number of men prescribed by the President 
for each organization, so that on being called into the service any 
organization will be completely equipped from the stores on hand in 
the State or Territory or the District of Columbia without calling on 
the War Department for assistance; any organization which is below 
the minimum, and which is obliged to recruit to its proper standard, 
is thus enabled to immediately uniform, arm, and equip the recruits 
before proceeding to the place of concentration where they will even- 
tually be mustered into the service of the United States. 



116 PEESONNEL. 

(6) The various locations of company rendezvous rendering it 
impossible to issue rations in kind economically, the commanding 
officer of any portion of the Organized Militia called into the actual 
service of the United States will purchase cooked meals for his com- 
mand while at the company rendezvous, and thereafter until arrival 
at the State camp or other place of concentration where rations in 
kind are available for issue. An expense not exceeding 60 cents a 
man a day is authorized for such meals, except for the time consumed 
in traveling to the State camp or other place of concentration, during 
which time not exceeding 75 cents a man a day is authorized. The 
purchase of cooked meals, as above, should be made after advertising 
(paragraph 552, Army Regulations, 1910), or, if conditions do not per- 
mit of advertising, in open market under paragraph 653, Army Regula- 
tions, 1910, the accounts to be prepared on Form 7, Subsistence Depart- 
ment, and if the amount of the purchase exceeds $100, to be accom- 
panied by a report on Form 18, Subsistence Department, as indicated 
in paragraph 556, Army Regulations, 1910 (the voucher covering the 
travel period to show places between which, and dates when, travel 
was performed) , certified by the officer procuring the meals, and sent 
to the chief commissary of the department for payment. 

As soon as rations in kind are available for issue to the militia 
called into the service of the United States, they will be furnished in 
like manner as to the Regular Armj^ (paragraph 316, Subsistence 
Manual). 

(c) When the Organized Militia is ordered into the service of the 
United States, the quartermaster-general of the State or Territory or 
of the Militia of the District of Columbia, or an officer designated by 
the governor or the commanding general of the Militia of the District 
of Columbia, will arrange for the necessary transportation from the 
company rendezvous to the place of concentration. He will ascer- 
tain the number of officers and men, the number of animals, and 
approximate weight of the property for which transportation will be 
required, and submit the data to competing lines of transportation 
with a view to securing the best rates obtainable from starting points 
to the place of concentration. (Form of circular for this purpose is 
given in paragraph 693, Quartermaster's Manual, 1904.) Blank 
forms of contracts, transportation requests, and bills of lading, to 
cover the cost of the movements, on which are printed full instruc- 
tions, will be furnished by the chief quartermaster of the military 
department in which the State or Territory or the District of Columbia 
is located, on application. All accounts for the transportation of the 
Organized Militia ordered out will be submitted by the carriers to the 
officer of the State or Territory or of the Militia of the District of 
Columbia making the contract, who will examine them, and, if found 
correct, transmit them duly certified, together with the transporta- 
tion requests, bills of lading, and contracts, to the chief quartermaster 



PERSONNEL. 117 

of the military department in which the State or Territory or the Dis- 
trict of Columbia is located, for adjustment and settlement. 

id) Ammunition will be supplied under orders of the War Depart- 
ment upon arrival at place of concentration. (Par. 459, Army Regu- 
lations, 1910.) 

363. To expedite the mobihzation of the Organized Militia 
ordered into the service of the United States, the War Department, 
after consultation with the governors, or the commanding general 
of the Militia of the District of Columbia, will designate convenient 
places in the State or Territory or in the District of Columbia for 
assembling companies, batteries, etc., the United States Government 
meetiag, as hereinbefore provided, all authorized expenses incident 
to this preliminary concentration from the day the mihtia appear at 
their places of company rendezvous. The Organized Militia called 
into the service of the United States ^\ill be mustered in at these des- 
ignated places of concentration by officers of the army detailed for 
this purpose by the War Department. The extent of the physical 
examination upon said muster in will be in accordance with the 
length and character of the service for which the organizations are 
called out and will be prescribed in orders from the War Department: 
Provided, That in such States or Territories or the District of Co- 
lumbia as shall have adopted a standard of physical examination for 
enlistment and reenlistment of the Organized Militia, approved by 
the Secretary of War, such militia shall be deemed under the law 
"fit for military service," and shall be duly mustered into the service 
of the United States as such. Under these conditions, as soon as 
practicable after such muster in, without interfering with tlie su- 
preme duty of the militia — the defense of the country — and in such a 
manner as not to prevent their employment against an enemy, a 
physical examination will be made by a medical officer of the army, 
detailed for the purpose, who shall note all cases of defect and cause the 
same to be entered on the muster roll against the name of each indi- 
vidual, stating in each case whether the defect so noted existed prior 
to the muster in of the soldier. (Par. 460, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

364. It shall be the duty of every officer designated to muster 
into the service of the United States any of the militia of the several 
States or Territories or of the District of Columbia, to see that the 
muster rolls contain all information that might in any way affect 
pay or which it might be necessary to consider in the settlement of 
claims for pensions. Blank forms and detailed instructions will be 
forwarded to mustering officers by the War Department. Upon 
completion of the muster in of any organization the mustering officer 
shall forward the rolls promptly to their proper destination as given 
in his detailed instructions. (Par. 461, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

365. 1. As soon as a regiment or other separate organization has 
been mustered into the service of the United States, the governor of 



118 PEKSONNEL. 

the State to which the organization belongs will invoice all property 
belonging to the United States taken by such troops into the service, 
as follows : 

(a) All clothing, camp and garrison equipage, and quartermaster 
supplies to the quartermaster of the organization. 

(b) All property pertaining to the Subsistence Department to the 
commissary of the organization. 

(c) All property pertaining to the Medical Department to the 
senior medical officer on duty with the organization. 

(d) All property pertaining to the Engineer Department, the Ord- 
nance Department, and the Signal Corps to the company or detach- 
ment commanders. 

2. The property pertaining to each department will be invoiced 
separately. On receipt of the stores invoiced to the several officers 
hereinbefore specified from the governor of the State, such officers 
will use the invoices received by them from the governor as vouchers 
for taking up such property on their returns, and will furnish the usual 
receipts to the governor of the State for the property received. The 
receipts will be used as vouchers to the governor's next property 
returns rendered to the several chiefs of bureaus of the War Depart- 
ment. 

3. On receipt of the clothing, camp and garrison equipage, and 
other quartermaster supplies from the State, the quartermaster, under 
the direction of the commanding officer of the organization, will turn 
over to each company or detachment commander the stores required 
by each company or detachment, taking memorandum receipts 
therefor; but the quartermaster will continue to carry such supplies 
on his returns until they shall have been transferred or expended and 
duly accounted for as required by Army Regulations. This pro- 
vision will also apply in the case of subsistence property for which 
the commissary of an organization is accountable. 

4. As soon as practicable after a regiment or other separate organi- 
zation has been mustered into the service, the commanding officer 
thereof will convene a board of officers of his command to make an 
inventory of all United States property received from the governor 
of the State or Territory to which his command is credited, and 
make report which will conform to the following requirements: 

(a) The report to be prepared in duplicate and submitted to the 
commanding officer for his action. 

(6) Separate reports to be made for each staff department con- 
cerned. 

(c) Each report to contain an itemized list of the property per- 
taining to one staff department and a statement as to its condition 
and value at the time the property was received from the State. 

(d) In the case of clothing the report to show the price (average) 
at which each article should be charged to enlisted men. 



PERSONNEL. 119 

The report of the board, after approval by the commanding officer, 
will be forwarded directly to the chief of the bureau to which the 
property pertains. The duplicate copy of the report will be forwarded 
to the governor of the State. (Par. 462, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

366. In all cases payments to militia mustered into the service of 
the United States will be made in the same manner as to organiza- 
tions of the Regular Army. (Par. 463, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

367. When the militia is called into the actual service of the United 
States, or any portion of the militia is called forth under the provi- 
sions of this act, their pay shall commence from the day of their 
appearing at the place of company rendezvous, but this provision 
shall not be construed to authorize any species of expenditure previous 
to arriving at such places of rendezvous which is not provided by 
existing laws to be paid after their arrival at such places of rendez- 
vous. (Sec. 11, militia law, as amended.) 

368. At the termination of the period for which the President 
called the militia forces into the service of the United States, they 
shall be mustered out by an officer of the army, detailed for the pur- 
pose, at such rendezvous favorable to all interests concerned as may 
be directed by the War Department. The mustering officer will be 
provided by the War Department with blanks and detailed instruc- 
tions. (Par. 464, Army Regulations, 1910.) 

369. To facilitate the settlement of claims that may be made for 
pensions on account of disability incurred in the military service; 
that is, to establish the rights of persons under the pension laws as well 
as to protect the interests of the United States, a thorough physical 
examination of all officers and enlisted men of the militia will be made 
immediately prior to their discharge or their muster out. (Par. 465, 
Army Regulations, 1910.) 

370. Specific regulations for mustering the militia into the service 
of the United States and for its muster out will be published by the 
War Department when the necessity arises. (Par. 466, Army Regu- 
lations, 1910.) 

371. When any company, troop, battery, battalion, or regiment of 
the Organized Militia of any State or Territory or of the District of 
Columbia is called into the service of the United States, such organi- 
zation modifies its relations for the time being to the State, Territory, 
or District of Columbia, and during the period of such service becomes 
a part of the land forces of the United States. As such, it must comply 
with all the conditions and requirements prescribed for similar 
organizations of the army as to strength, medical examination, etc. 
If the President, under authority vested in him by law, has called 
forth any of the Organized Militia, no part of the organization so 
called forth is eligible for enlistment in the Volunteer Army, should 
one be raised, until properly mustered out of the service of the 
United States. 



120 PERSONNEL. 

372. The militia, when called into active service of the United 
States, is subject to the same Rules and Articles of War as the regu- 
lar troops of the United States. (Sec. 9, militia law, as amended.) 

373. The majority membership of courts-martial for the trial of 
officers or men of the militia when in the service of the United States 
shall be composed of militia officers. (Sec. 8, militia law, as amended.) 

374. When any officer, noncommissioned officer, or private of the 
militia is disabled by reason of wounds or disability received or 
incurred in the service of the United States, he shall be entitled to all 
the benefits of the pension laws existing at the time of his service, and 
in case such officer, noncommissioned officer, or private dies in the 
service of the United States or in returning to his place of residence 
after being mustered out of such service, or at any time, in conse- 
quence of wounds or disabilities received in such service, his widow 
and children, if any, shall be entitled to all the benefits of such pen- 
sion laws. (Sec. 22, militia law.) 

COMMISSIONS IN VOLUNTEER FORCES. 

375. For the purpose of securing a list of persons specially qualified 
to hold commissions in any volunteer force which may hereafter be 
organized under the authority of Congress, other than a force com- 
posed of Organized Militia, the Secretary of War is authorized from 
time to time to convene boards of officers at suitable and convenient 
posts for the purpose of examining as to their qualifications for the 
command of troops or for the performance of staff duties applicants 
from any of the following classes of persons, viz: 

(a) Those who have served in the Regular Army of the United 
States. 

(b) Those who have served in any volunteer force of the United 
States or in the Organized Militia of any State, Territory, or the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. 

(c) Those who, being citizens of the United States, have attended 
a regular course of instruction at any military school or college of the 
United States Army. 

(d) Those who, being citizens of the United States, have graduated 
from any educational institution to which an officer of the army or 
navy has been detailed as superintendent or professor after having 
creditably pursued the course of military instruction given at such 
institution. (Sec. 23, militia law.) 

376. This examination will be under rules and regulations pre- 
scribed by the Secretary of War and will be especially directed to 
ascertain the practical capacity of the applicant. The applicant's 
record of previous service will be considered as part of the examina- 
tion. (Sec. 23, militia law.) 



PERSONNEL. 121 

377. Upon' the conclusion of each examination the board will 
certify to the War Department its judgment as to the fitness of the 
applicant, stating the office, if any, which it deems him qualified to 
fill. Upon approval by the President the names of persons certified 
to be qualified shall be inscribed in a register kept at the War Depart- 
ment for that purpose. (Sec. 23, militia law.) 

378. Persons so certified and registered shall, subject to a physical 
examination at the time, constitute an eligible class for commissions 
in any volunteer force hereafter organized under the authority of 
Congress, other than a force composed of Organized Mihtia. (Sec. 
23, militia law.) 

379. The President may authorize persons from the eligible class 
to attend and pursue a regular course of study at any military school 
or college of the United States other than the Military Academy, and 
to receive while attending, from the annual appropriation for the 
support of the army, the same allowances and commutations as are 
allowed officers of the Organized Militia in paragraph 314. (Sec. 
23, militia law.) 

380. No person shall receive a commission as a second lieutenant 
after he has passed the age of thirty; as first lieutenant after he has 
passed the age of thirty-five; as captain after he has passed the age 
of forty; as major after he has passed the age of forty -five; as lieu- 
tenant-colonel after he has passed the age of fifty; as colonel after 
he has passed the age of fifty-five. (Sec. 23, militia law.) 

381. Appointments to commissions from this eligible class shall 
be distributed proportionately, as near as may be, among the various 
States contributing to the volunteer forces, but shall not include 
appointments in any company, troop, battery, battalion, or regiment 
of the Organized Militia which volunteers as a body or the officers of 
which are appointed by the governor of a State or Territory. (Sec. 
23, militia law.) 

382. Boards for the examination of applicants for commission in 
volunteer forces will be appointed by the Secretary of War, and will 
consist of five commissioned officers of the Regular Army, including 
two medical officers and a recorder. The duties of the medical 
officers will be confined to inquiry into and report upon the physical 
condition of the applicants. 

In the case of application for examination as to fitness for commis- 
sion as medical officers of volunteers, the board shall consist of three 
medical officers of the Regular Army, the junior acting as recorder. 
(General Orders, No. 57, W. D., 1909.) 

383. The organization of these boards shall conform to that of 
retiring boards and separate proceedings will be made in each case. 
All public proceedings shall be in the presence of the applicant under 
examination, but the conclusions reached and the recommendations 



122 REPORTS AND RETURNS. 

entered will be regarded as confidential. (General Orders, No. 57, 
W. D., 1909.) 

384. The nature and scope of this examination and the rules govern- 
ing the procedure of the examining boards are given in detail in 
General Orders, No. 6, War Department, January 8, 1904. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Reports and Returns. 

(a) reports by the secretary of war on the militia to congress. 

385. The following reports are required to be made annually by 
the Secretary of War to Congress : 

(a) An abstract of the returns and reports of the adjutants-general 
of the States, Territories, and the District of Columbia Militia, with 
such observations thereon as he may deem necessary for the informa- 
tion of Congress. (Sec. 12, militia law.) 

(b) A list of the actual and necessary traveling expenses, together 
with the per diem, of the members of the National Militia Board, and 
of the clerical and office expenses of the Division of Militia Affairs. 
(Sec. 20, militia law, as amended.) 

(c) Encampment and maneuvers. Organized Militia. 

(b) REPORTS AND RETURNS OF ADJUTANTS-GENERAL TO THE WAR 

DEPARTMENT. 

386. The following reports and returns are required to be made by 
adjutants-general of States, Territories, and the District of Columbia 
Militia, to the War Department : 

(a) Annual Return of Organized Militia, to reach the Chief, Divi- 
sion of Militia Affairs, not later than January 31 (on Form No. 12, 
D. M. A.). 

(&) Report of Small-Arms Firing, to be forwarded to the Chief, 
Division of Militia Affairs, as soon as practicable after the close of 
the practice season (on Form No. 15, D. M. A.). 

(c) Report of DrUls, Target Practice, and Field Instruction, 
annually, to be forwarded to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, not 
later than January 31 (on Form No. 10, D. M. A.). 

(d) Report on enlisted men detailed for duty under section 20, 
militia law, as amended, on Mai-ch 31, June 30, September 30, and 
December 31 of each year (on Form No. 41, D. M. A.). 

(e) Annual returns of public property, to be prepared on blank 
forms furnished by the various supply bureaus and forwarded to 
the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, within two months alter Decem- 
ber 31 of each year. 



DIVISION OF MILITIA AFFAIRS. 123 

(c) REPORTS AND RETURNS OF DISBURSING OFFICERS. 

387. The following repoi'ts and returns are required to be made by 
disbursing officers of the Organized Militia of the States, Territories, 
and District of Columbia appointed under section 14 of the militia 
law: 

(a) Account current (accompanied by proper vouchers) , monthly, 
to be forwarded to the Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, within 
twenty days after the end of the month to which the account current 
relates (on Form No. 1, D. M. A.). 

(b) Statement of balance of funds on hand from appropriation 
"Arming and Equipping the Militia," weekly, to be forwarded on the 
last day of each week (on Form No. 29, D. M. A.). 

388. Adjutants-general and disbursing officers of States, Terri- 
tories, and the District of Columbia Militia may use penalty en- 
velopes in forwarding reports and returns required by the War 
Department. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Division of Militia Affairs. 
(a) functions. 

389. The Division of Militia Affairs in the office of the Secretary of 
War is vested with the transaction of business pertaining to the 
organized and unorganized militia of the United States, including the 
armament, equipment, discipline, training, education, and organiza- 
tion of the miHtia; the conduct of camps of instruction and partici- 
pation in the field exercises and maneuvers of the Regular Army; 
and the mobihzation and the relations of the militia to the Regular 
Army in time of peace. (W. D. Orders, A, Feb. 12, 1908.) 

(b) RULES OF correspondence. 

390. The Division of Militia Affairs in the office of the Secretary 
of War is the central office of record for all matters pertaining to the 
militia not in the military service of the United States, and the chief 
thereof is the channel of communication between the Secretary of 
War and the adjutants-general of the States, Territories, and the 
District of Columbia Militia in relation thereto. (W. D. Orders, M, 
June 10, 1908.) 

391. Official communications should be signed or authenticated 
with the pen, and not by facsimiles. Signatures should be plainly 
and legibly written. 

392. The following regulations govern the official correspondence 
of the Division of Militia Affairs with the Chief of Staff and chiefs of 
bureaus and departments of the War Department and with the 
mihtary authorities of the States, Territories, and the District of 
Columbia: 



124 THE NATIONAL MILITIA BOARD. 

(a) All original communications emanating from the office of the 
division of militia affairs shall set forth that they are sent by direc- 
tion or order of the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of War. 

(b) Communications addressed to governors of States or Territories 
will be prepared for the signature of the Secretary or Assistant Sec- 
retary of War; those addressed to adjutants-general of States, Terri- 
tories, or District of Columbia Militia will be signed by the Chief, 
Division of Militia Affairs. 

(c) Communications of a routine nature which require that they 
be submitted to the Chief of Staff, for his information only, will be 
simply checked to the latter over the initials of the Chief, Division of 
Militia Affairs. 

(d) Information concerning militia affairs which has a bearing 
upon the employment or military status of the personnel of the 
regular establishment will be conveyed to the Chief of Staff by 
indorsement or in the form of a memorandum. If such indorsement 
or memorandum involves an expressed desire or direction of the 
Assistant Secretary of War for action by the Chief of Staff, it will be 
signed by the Assistant Secretary of War; if it merely transmits 
information involving no action, it will be signed by the Chief, Divi- 
sion of Militia Affairs. In case the indorsement or memorandum 
involves the issuing of orders or instructions to officers or enlisted 
men of the regular establishment, an accompanying memorandum 
for The Adjutant-General, prepared for the signature of the Chief of 
Staff, will be inclosed; this inclosure will be initialed by the Chief, 
Division of Militia Affairs. 

(e) The Chief of Staff will furnish the Chief, Division of Militia 
Affairs, with a copy of any report approved by him which is made by 
any section or officer of the General Staff that has a bearing on mihtia 
affairs. 

( f) The Chief, Division of Militia Affairs, is authorized to com- 
municate directly with the heads of the supply or other departments 
of the War Department in reference to all matters pertaining ex- 
clusively to the Organized Militia in regard to supplies, instruction, 
drill, and general military efficiency. (W. D. Orders, X, Sept. 3, 
1908.) 

AETICIE VIII. 

The National Militia Board. 
(a) organization. 

393. Section 20 of the militia law, as amended, provides that — 

The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to appoint a board of five ofiicera on 
the active list of the Organized Militia, so selected as to secure, as far as practicable, 
equitable representation to all sections of the United States, and which shall, from 



THE NATIONAL MILITIA BOARD. 125 

time to time, as the Secretary of War may direct, proceed to Washington, District of 
Columbia, for consultation with the Secretary of War respecting the condition, status, 
and needs of the whole body of the Organized Militia. Such officers shall be appointed 
for the term of four years, unless sooner relieved by the Secretary of War. 

(6) RULES GOVERNING ITS ACTIONS. 

394. The following instructions have been issued for the guidance 
of this board of officers : 

1. The official designation of the board shall be "The National 
IVfilitia Board." 

2. The board shall meet in the city of Washington at such times as 
may be specially designated by the Secretary of War. 

3. The rules of procedure governing the board shall be those pre- 
scribed by Army Regulations and orders and authorized by the 
customs of the regular service for military boards. 

4. The Chief J Division of Militia Affairs, Office of the Secretary of 
War, shall act as the secretar}' of the board, and as such shall attend to 
all the clerical work connected with its transactions; he shall not 
take part in the discussions of the board unless requested by it to 
do so. 

5. The proceedings of the board and all official papers pertaining 
to its work shall be kept on file in the Di\'ision of MiHtia Affairs. 

6. All action of the board shall be submitted in the form of a 
written memorandum and recommendation addressed to the Assistant 
Secretary of War for his consideration and for such final action as 
may be ordered by the Secretary of War. 

7. The board is authorized to apply to the Assistant Secretary of 
War for an appointment of a time for consultation with him or with 
the Secretary of War whenever the importance or nature of the busi- 
ness before it indicates that such a consultation is desirable. 

8. The board is authorized to obtain through the Assistant Secre- 
tary of War, from the head of any office or bureau of the department, 
such information as it maj'^ require in the transaction of its business, 
and, upon request therefor by the board, the Assistant Secretarj' of 
War will authorize the attendance, for purposes of consultation, of 
officers of the General Staff and the bureaus of the department. 

9. The scope of the board's deliberations and recommendations 
shall include only such matters as may be referred to it by the Assist- 
ant Secretary of War, or be presented by any of its members during 
an authorized meeting. 

10. The board will submit to the Secretary of War, annually, on 
September 15, a complete report of its transactions. (W. D. Orders, 
L, June 5, 1908.) 

(c) ALLOWANCES TO MEMBERS. 

395. The following actual and necessary traveUng expenses and 
per diem are allowed members of the National IVClitia Board : 



126 THE NATIONAL MILITIA BOAKD. 

1. Fares upon railroads, steamers, or other usual modes of con- 
veyance by the shortest usually traveled routes. 

2. Cost of seat in parlor car, one double berth in sleeping car; or 
customary accommodations on steamer, where the same is not 
included in the travel fare. 

3. Hire of special transportation, either by land or water, where 
there are no regular means of conveyance. Ferriage, tolls, driver's 
services, and horse keeping when transportation is hired. 

4. Transfer coach fare en route to and from depots and hotels; or, 
where there are no conveyances, moderate and necessary hack fare 
not exceeding legal rates. Items for hack fare require explanation 
as to the distances and necessity for the same. 

5. Actual cost of meals en route, not to exceed $4 per day for the 
time actually and unavoidably consumed in the journey, will be 
allowed when the same is not included in the travel fare. 

6. Fees to porters while traveling, not to exceed SI per diem. 

7. Actual cost of meals and lodgings while in attendance upon the 
meetings of the board in Washington, not to exceed $7 per day, will 
be allowed. 

8. A per diem of $10 from the dates of leaving home station and 
returning thereto ; the period covered by this per diem to include the 
time actually consumed in traveling between the home station and 
Washington, D. C, and return, by the shortest usually traveled route, 
and the number of days actually consumed in Washington in attend- 
ance upon the meetings of the board. 

An itemized chronological statement of above-named expenses and 
per diem must be furnished in dupHcate, and receipts must be fur- 
nished wherever practicable and customary. Routes of travel must 
be stated. Such statement will embody a certificate in the following 
terms : 

I hereby certify on honor that the amounts charged herein, aggregating $ , were 

actually expended by me for the purposes specified while traveling on official business, 
under the inclosed order of the Secretary of War, dated , and that it was imprac- 
ticable to obtain receipts for all the items; and I further certify that the amount of 

per diem charged herein, aggregating I , covers the actual period consumed 

by me in traveling from my home to Washington, D. C, and return, by the shortest 
usually traveled route, and while in attendance upon the meetings of the board in 
Washington. 

Accounts will be rendered to the disbursing clerk, War Department, 
for reimbursement. (Memo., Secretary of War, June 4, 1908.) 



APPENDIX. 

(A.) 

AN ACT TO INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE PERMANENT MILI- 
TARY ESTABLISHMENT OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America 
in Congress assembled, That from and after the approval of this Act the army of the 
United States, including the existing organizations, shall consist of fifteen regiments 
of cavalry, a corps of artillery, thirty regiments of infantry, one lieutenant-general, six 
major-generals, fifteen brigadier-generals, an Adjutant-General's Department, an In- 
spector-General's Department, a Judge-Ad vocate-General's Department, a Quarter- 
master's Department, a Subsistence Department, a Medical Department, a Pay De- 
partment, a Corps of Engineers, an Ordnance Department, a Signal (_'orps, the officers 
of the Record and Pension Office, the chaplains, the ofiicers and enlisted men of the 
army on the retired list, the professors, corps of cadets, the army detachments, and band 
at the LTnited States Military Academy, -Indian scouts as now authorized by law, and 
such other officers and enlisted men as may hereinafter be provided. for: Provided, That 
when a vacancy shall occur through death, retirement, or other separation from active 
service in the office of storekeeper, now provided for by law in the Quartermaster's De- 
partment and Ordnance Department, respectively, said office shall cease to exist. 

Sec. 2. That each regiment of cavalry shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant- 
colonel, three majors, fifteen captains, fifteen first lieutenants, and fifteen second lieu- 
tenants; two veterinarians, one sergeant-major, one quartermaster-sergeant, one com- 
missary-sergeant, three squadron sergeants-major, two color sergeants « with rank, pay, 
and allowances of squadron sergeant-major, one band, and twelve troops organized into 
three squadrons of four troops each. Of the officers herein provided, the captains and 
lieutenants not required for duty with the troops shall be available for detail as regi- 
mental and squadron staff officers and such other details as may be authorized by law 
or regulations. Squadron adjutants!" shall receive one thousand eight hundred dollars 
per annum and the allowances of first lieutenants; squadron quartermasters and com- 
missaries b shall receive one thousand six hundred dollars per annum and the allowances 
of second lieutenants. Each cavalry band shall be organized as now provided by law. 
Each troop of cavalry shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieu- 
tenant, one first sergeant, one quartermaster-sergeant, six sergeants, six corporals, two 
cooks, two farriers and blacksmiths,*: one saddler, one wagoner, two trumpeters, and 
forty-three privates; the commissioned officers to be assigned from among those herein- 
before authorized: Provided, That the President, in his discretion, may increase the 
number of corporals in any troop of cavalry to eight, and the number of privates to 

a Rate of pay of color-sergeants changed by act of May 11, 1908. (See G. O. 80, 
W. D., Series of 1908.) 

b Rates of pay for squadron-adjutants and squadron-quartermasters and commis- 
saries are practically eliminated by the increased rates of pay for lieutenants pre- 
scribed in the act of May 11, 1908, and paragraphs of the Army Regulations restricting 
details. 

" Instead of two farriers and blacksmiths, one farrier and one horseshoer are pre- 
scribed for by the act of March 3, 1910. (G. O. 54, W. D., Series of 1910.) 

127 



128 APPENDIX. 

seventy-six, but the total number of enlisted men authorized for the whole army shall 
not at any time be exceeded. 

Sec. 3. That the regimental organization of the artillery arm of the United States 
Army is hereby discontinued, and that arm is constituted and designated as the Ar- 
tillery Corps. It shall be organized as hereinafter specified and shall belong to the 
line of the army. 

Sec. 4. That the Artillery Corps shall comprise two branches — the coast artillery 
and the field artillery. The coast artillery is defined as that portion charged with the 
care and use of the fixed and movable elements of land and coast fortifications, 
including the submarine mine and torpedo defenses; and the field artillery as that 
portion accompanying an army in the field, and including field and hght artillery 
proper, horse artillery, siege artillery, mountain artillery, and also machine-gun bat- 
teries: Provided, That this shall not be construed to hmit the authority of the Secretary 
of War to order coast artillery to any duty which the public service demands or to 
prevent the use of machine or other field guns by any other arm of the service under 
the direction of the Secretary of War. 

Sec. 5. That all officers of artillery shall be placed on one hst, in respect to promo- 
tion, according to seniority in their several grades, and shall be assigned to coast or to 
field artillery according to their special aptitude for the respective services. 

Sec 6." That the Artillery Corps shall consist of a Chief of Artillery, who shall be 
selected and detailed by the President from the colonels of artillery, to serve on the staff 
of the general officer commanding the army, and whose duties shall be prescribed by the 
Secretary of War; fourteen colonels, one of whom shall be the Chief of Artillery; 
thirteen heutenant-colonels, thirty-nine majors, one hundred and ninety-five captains, 
one hundred and ninety-five first lieutenants, one hundred and ninety-five second 
lieutenants; and the captains and lieutenants provided for in this section not required 
for duty with batteries or companies shall be available for duty as staff oflicers of the 
various artillery garrisons and such other details as may be authorized by law and 
regulations; twenty-one sergeants-major, with the rank, pay, and allowances of regi- 
mental sergeants-major of infantry; twenty-seven sergeants-major, with the rank, pay, 
and allowances of battalion sergeants-major of infantry; one electrician sergeant to 
each coast artillery post having electrical appliances; thirty batteries of field artillery, 
one hundred and twenty-six batteries of coast artillery, and ten bands organized as 
now authorized by law for artillery regiments: Provided, That the aggregate number 
of enlisted men for the artillery, as provided under this Act, shall not exceed eighteen 
thousand nine hundred and twenty, exclusive of electrician sergeants. 

Sec. 7. That each company of coast artillery shall be organized as is now prescribed 
by law for a battery of artillery : Provided, That the enlisted strength of any company 
may be fixed, under the direction of the Secretary of War, according to the require- 
ments of the service to which it may be assigned: And provided, That first-class 
gunners & shall receive two dollars a month, and second-class gunners i one dollar per 
month in addition to their pay. 

Sec. 8. That each battery of field artillery shall be organized as is now prescribed 
by law, and the enlisted strength thereof shall be fixed under the direction of the 
Secretary of War. 

Sec 9. That the increase herein provided for the artillery shall be made as follows: 
Not less than twenty per centum before July first, nineteen hundred and one, and not 
less than twenty per centum each succeeding twelve months until the total number 
provided for shall have been attained. All vacancies created or caused by this Act 
shall be filled by promotion according to seniority in the artillery arm. Second 

Amended by act of January 25, 1907. See p. 137 of these Regulations. 
6 Bates of pay for first-class gunners and pecoud-class gunners changed by the act 
of May 11, 1908 (G. O. 80, W. D., 1908). 



APPENDIX. 129 

lieutenants of infantiy or cavalry may, in the discretion of the President, be transferred 
to the artillery arm, taking rank therein according to date of commission, and such 
transfers shall be subject to approval by a board of ai-tillery officers appointed to pass 
upon the capacity of such officers for artillery service: Provided, That the increase of 
officers of artillery shall be only in proportion to the increase of men. 

Sec. 10. That each regiment of infantry shall consist of one colonel, one heutenant- 
colonel, three majors, fifteen captains, fifteen first lieutenants, and fifteen second 
lieutenants; one sergeant-major, one quartermaster-sergeant, one commissary-sergeant, 
three battalion sergeants-major, two color sergeants a with rank, pay, and allowances of 
battaUon sergeants-major, one band, and twelve companies, organized into three 
battalions of iaai companies each. Of the officers herein provided, the captains and 
Ueutenants not required for duty with the companies shall be a^•ailable for detail as 
regimental and battaHon staff officers and such other details as may be authorized by law 
or regulations. Battahon adjutants shall receive one thousand eight hundred dollai'S 
per annum and the allowances of fu'st lieutenants, mounted; battalion quartermasters 
and commissaries shall receive one thousand six hundred dollars per annum and the 
allowances of second lieutenants, mounted. Each infantry band shall be organized 
as now provided by law. Each infantry company shall consist of one captain", one 
first Ueutenant, one second heutenant, one first sergeant, one quartermaster-sergeant, 
four sergeants, six corporals, two cooks, two musicians, one artificer, and forty-eight 
privates, the commissioned officers to be assigned from those hereinbefore authorized: 
Provided, That the President, in his discretion, may increase the number of sergeants 
in any company of infantry to six, the number of corporals to ten, and the number of 
privates to one hundred and twenty-seven, but the total number of enlisted men 
authorized for the whole Army shall not at any time be exceeded. 

Sec. 11. That the enUsted force of the Corps of Engineers shall consist of one band 
and three battalions of engineers. The engineers band shall be organized as now 
provided by law for bands of infantry regiments. Each battalion of engineers shall 
consist of one sergeant-major, one quartermaster-sergeant, and four companies. Each 
company of engineers shall consist of one first sergeant, one quartermaster-sergeant, 
with the rank, pay, and allowances of sergeant, eight sergeants, ten corporals, two 
musicians, two cooks, thirty-eight first-class and thirty-eight second-class privates: 
Provided, That the President may, in his discretion, increase the number of sergeants 
in any company of engineers to twelve, the number of corporals to eighteen, the 
number of first-class privates to sixty-four, and the number of second-class privates 
to sixty-four, but the total number of enlisted men authorized for the whole Army 
shall not at any time be exceeded: And provided. That officers detailed from the 
Corps of Engineers to serve as battalion adjutants and battahon quartermasters and 
commissaries shall, while so serving, receive the pay and allowances herein authorized 
for battahon staff officers of infantry regiments. 

Sec. 12. That the President is authorized to appoint, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate, chaplains in the Army, at the rate of one for each regiment of 
cavahy and infantry in the United States service and twelve for the corps of artillery, 
with the rank, pay, and allowances of captains of infantry: 6 Provided, That no person 
shall be appointed a chaplain in the Regular Army who shall have passed the age of 
forty years, nor until he shall have established his fitness as required by existing law: 
And provided, That the office of post chaplain is abolished, and the officers now holding 
commissions as chaplains, or who may hereafter be appointed chaplains, shall be 



a Rates of pay of color-sergeants of infantry changed by act of May 11, 1908 (G. O. 
80, W. D., series of 1908.) 

b Rank and pay of chaplains changed by the act of April 21, 1904 (G. 0. 48, W. D., 
series of 1904) . 

33265°— 11 9 



130 APPENDIX. 

assigned to regiments or to the corps of artillery. Chaplains may be assigned to such 
stations as the Secretary of War shall direct, and they may be transferred, as chaplains, 
from one branch of the ser^-ice or from one regiment to another by the Secretary of 
War, without further commission. When serving in the field, chaplains shall be fur- 
nished with necessary means of transportation by the Quartermaster's Department. 

Sec. 13." That the Adjutant-General's Department shall consist of one Adjutant- 
General with the rank of major-general, and when a vacancy shall occur in the office 
of Adjutant-General on the expiration of the service of the present incumbent, by 
retirement or otherwise, the Adjutant-General shall thereafter have the rank and 
pay of a brigadier-general, five assistant adjutants-general with the rank of colonel, 
seven assistant adjutants-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and fifteen 
assistant adjutants-general with the rank of major: Provided, That all vacancies 
created or caused by this section shall, as far as possible, be filled by promotion accord- 
ing to seniority of officers of the Adjutant-General's Department. 

Sec. 14. That the Inspector-General's Department shall consist of one Inspector- 
General with the rank of brigadier-general, four inspectors-general with the rank of 
colonel, four inspectors-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and eight inspectors- 
general with the rank of major: Provided, That all vacancies created or caused by this 
section shall be filled, as far as possible, by promotion according to seniority of officers 
of the Inspector-General's Department. 

Sec. 15. That the Judge-Advocate-General 's Department shall consist of one 
Judge-Advocate-General with the rank of brigadier-general, two judge-advocates 
with the rank of colonel, three judge-advocates with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, 
six judge-advocates with the rank of major, and for each geographical department or 
tactical division of troops not provided with a judge-advocate from the list of officers 
holding permanent commissions in the Judge-Ad vocate-General 's Department one 
acting judge-advocate with the rank, pay, and allowances of captain, mounted. Pro- 
motions to vacancies above the grade of major, created or caused by this Act, shall 
be made, according to seniority, from officers now holding commission in the 
Judge-Advocate-General 's Department. Vacancies created or caused by this Act 
in the grade of major may be filled by appointment of officers holding com- 
missions as judge-advocate of volunteers since April twenty-first, eighteen hun- 
dred and ninety-eight. Vacancies which may occur thereafter in the grade of major 
in the Jydge-Advocate-General's Department shall be filled by the appointment of 
officers of the line, or of persons who have satisfactorily served as judge-advocates of 
volunteers since April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, or of persons 
from civil life who at date of appointment are not over thirty-five years of age and 
who shall pass a satisfactory examination to be prescribed by the Secretary of War. 

Acting judge-advocates provided for herein shall be detailed from officers of the 
grades of captain or first lieutenant of the line of the army who while so serving shall 
continue to hold their commissions in the arm of the service to which they permanently 
belong. Upon completion of a tour of duty not exceeding four years they shall be 
returned to the arm in which commissioned, and shall not be again detailed until they 
shall have completed two years ' duty with the arm of the service in which commissioned . 

Sec. 16. That the Quartermaster's Department shall consist of one Quartermaster- 
General with the rank of brigadier-general, six assistant quartermasters-general with 
the rank of colonel, nine deputy quartermasters-general with the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel, twenty quartermasters with the rank of major, sixty quartermasters with the 
rank of captain, mounted; the military storekeeper now provided for by law, and one 
hundred and fifty post quartermaster-sergeants: Provided, That all vacancies in the 
grade of colonel, lieutenant-colonel, and major created or caused by this section shall 
be filled by promotion according to seniority, as now prescribed by law. That to fill 

a Section 13, amended by the act of April 23, 1904 (G. 0. 76, W. D., series of 1907). 



APPENDIX. 131 

original vacancies in the grade of captain created by this Act in the Quartermaster's 
Department the President is authorized to appoint officers of volunteers commissioned 
in the Quartermaster's Department since April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and 
ninety-eight: Provided further, That the President is authorized to continue in service 
during the present emergency, for duty in the Philippine Islands and on transports, 
twenty-four captains and assistant quartermasters of volunteers. This authority shall 
extend only for the period when their services shall be absolutely necessary. 

Sec. 17. That the Subsistence Department shall consist of one Commissary-General 
with the rank of brigadier-general, three assistant commissaries-general with the rank 
of colonel, four deputy commissaries-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, nine 
commissaries with the rank of major, twenty-seven commissaries with the rank of 
captain, mounted, and the number of commissary-sergeants now authorized by law, 
who shall hereafter be known as post commissary -sergeants: Provided, That all vacan- 
cies in the grades of colonel, lieutenant-colonel, and major, created or caused by this 
section, shall be filled by promotion, according to seniority, as now prescribed by law. 
That to fill original vacancies in the grade of captain, created by this Act, in the 
Subsistence Department, the President is authorized to appoint officers of volunteers 
commissioned in the Subsistence Department since April twenty-first, eighteen 
hundred and ninety-eight. 

Sec. 18. a That the Medical Department shall consist of one Surgeon-General with 
the rank of brigadier-general, eight assistant surgeons-general with the rank of colonel, 
twelve deputy surgeons-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, sixty surgeons 
with the rank of major, two hundred and forty assistant surgeons with the rank of cap- 
tain or first lieutenant, the Hospital Corps, as now authorized by law, and the Nurse 
Corps: Provided, That all vacancies in the grades of colonel, lieutenant-colonel, and 
major created or caused by this section shall be filled by promotion according to senior- 
ity, subject to the examination now prescribed by law: And provided. That the period 
during which any assistant surgeon shall have served as a surgeon or assistant surgeon 
in the Volunteer'Army during the war with Spain or since shall be counted as a portion 
of the five years' service required to entitle him to rank of captain: And provided also, 
That nothing in this section shall affect the relative rank for promotion of any assistant 
surgeon now in the service, or who may be hereafter appointed therein, as determined 
by the date of his appointment or commission and as fixed in accordance with existing 
law and regulations: Provided further. That in emergencies the Surgeon-General of the 
Army, with the approval of the Secretary of War, may appoint as many contract sur- 
geons as may be necessary, at a compensation not to exceed one hundred and fifty 
dollars per month. That on or after the passage of this Act the President may appoint 
for duty in the Philippine Islands fifty surgeons of volunteers with the rank and pay of 
major and one hundred and fifty assistant surgeons of volunteers with the rank and pay 
of captain, mounted, for a period of two years: Provided, That so many of these volun- 
teer medical officers as are not required shall be honorably discharged the service when- 
ever in the opinion of the Secretary of War their services are no longer necessary: 
Provided jurther. That assistant surgeons in the Volunteer Army of the United States 
commissioned by the President as captains, in accordance with the provisions of an 
Act for increasing the efficiency of the Army of the United States, and for other purposes, 
approved March sec9nd, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, shall be entitled to the 
pay of a captain, mounted, from the date of their acceptance of such commission, as pre- 
scribed by law: Provided, That the Surgeon-General of the Army, with the approval 
of the Secretary of War, be, and he is hereby, authorized to employ dental surgeons to 
serve the officers and enlisted men of the Regular and Volunteer Army, in the propor- 

oThis section amended by the act of March 2, 1903 (G. 0.24, W. D., series of 1903), 
and Medical Department reorganized by the act of April 23, 1908 (G. O. 67, W. D., 
series of 1908). 



132 APPENDIX. 

tion of not to exceed one for every one thousand of said Army, and not exceeding thirty 
in all. Said dental surgeons shall be employed as contract dental surgeons under the 
terms and conditions applicable to army contract surgeons, and shall be graduates of 
standard medical or dental colleges, trained in the several branches of dentistry, of 
good moral and professional character, and shall pass a satisfactory professional exami- 
nation: Provided, That three of the number of dental surgeons to be employed shall be 
first appointed by the Surgeon-General, with the approval of the Secretary of War, 
with reference to their fitness for assignment, under the direction of the Surgeon-Gen- 
eral, to the special service of conducting the examinations and supervising the opera- 
tions of the others; and for such special service an extra compensation of sixty dollars a 
month will be allowed: Provided further, That dental college graduates now employed 
in the Hospital Corps who have been detailed for a period of not less than twelve months 
to render dental service to the army and who are shown by the reports of their superior 
officers to have rendered such service satisfactorily may be appointed contract dental 
surgeons without examination: Provided, That the Secretary of War be authorized 
to appoint in the Hospital Corps, in addition to the two hundred hospital stewards «■ now 
allowed by law, one hundred hospital stewards: 6 Provided, That men who have served 
as hospital stewards of volunteer regiments or acted in that capacity during and since 
the Spanish-American war for more than six months may be appointed hospital stew- 
ards in the E,egular Army : And provided, further. That all men so appointed shall be of 
good moral character and shall have passed a satisfactory mental and physical exami- 
nation. 

Sec 19. o That the Nurse Corps (female) shall consist of one superintendent, to be 
appointed by the Secretary of War, who shall be a graduate of a hospital training school 
having a course of instruction of not less than two years, whose term of office may be 
terminated at his discretion, whose compensation shall be one thousand eight hundred 
dollars per annum, and of as many chief nurses, nurses, and reserve nurses as may be 
needed. Reserve nurses may be assigned to active duty when the emergency of the 
service demands, but shall receive no compensation except when on such duty: 
Provided, That all nurses in the Nurse Corps shall be appointed or removed by the Sur- 
geon-General, with the approval of the Secretary of War; that they shall be graduates 
of hospital training schools, and shall have passed a satisfactory professional, moral, 
mental, and physical examination: And provided. That the superintendent and nurses 
shall receive transportation and necessary expenses when traveling under orders; 
that the pay and allowances of nurses, and of reserve nurses, when on active service, 
shall be forty dollars per month when on duty in the United States and fifty dollars 
per month when without the limits of the United States. They shall be entitled to 
quarters, subsistence, and medical attendance during illness, and they may be granted 
leaves of absence for thirty days, with pay, for each calendar year; and, when serving 
as chief nurses, their pay may be increased by authority of the Secretary of War, such 
increase not to exceed twenty-five dollars per month. Payments to the Nurse Corps 
shall be made by the Pay Department. 

Sec. 20. That the grade of veterinarian of the second class in cavalry regiments, 
United States Army, is hereby abolished, and hereafter the two veterinarians author- 
ized for each cavalry regiment and the one veterinarian authorized for each artillery 
regiment shall receive the pay and allowances of second lieutenants, mounted. Such 
number of veterinarians as the Secretary of War may authorize shall be employed to 
attend animals pertaining to the quartermaster's or other departments not directly 
connected with the cavalry and artillery regiments, at a compensation not exceeding 
one hundred dollars per month. 

o Grades of hospitai stewards and acting hospital stewards abolished by the act of 
March 2, 1903, and grades of sergeant, first class, and sergeant substituted therefor 
(G. O. 24, W. D., series of 1903). 

6 This section amended by the act of March 23, 1910 (G. 0. 54, W. D., series of 1910) . 



APPENDIX. 133 

Sec. 21. That the Pay Department shall consist of one Paymaster-General with the 
rank of brigadier-general, three assistant paymasters-general with the rank of colonel, 
four deputy paymasters-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, twenty paymas- 
ters with the rank of major, and twenty-five paymasters with the rank of captain, 
mounted: Provided, That all vacancies in the grade of colonel and lieutenant-colonel 
created or caused by this section shall be filled by promotion according to seniority, as 
now prescribed by law, and no more appointments to the grade of major and paymaster 
shall be made until the number of majors and paymasters is reduced below twenty: 
And provided, That persons who have served in the Volunteer Army since April 
twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, as additional paymasters may be ap- 
pointed to positions in the grade of captain, created by this section. So long as there 
remains surplus majors an equal number of vacancies shall be held in the grade of cap- 
tain, so that the total number of paymasters authorized by this section shall not be 
exceeded at any time. 

Sec. 22. o That the Corpsof Engineers shall consist of one Chief of Engineers with the 
rank of brigadier-general, seven colonels, fourteen lieutenant-colonels, twenty-eight 
majors, forty captains, forty first lieutenants, and thirty second lieutenants. The 
enlisted force provided in section eleven of this Act and the officers serving therewith 
shall constitute a part of the line of the Army: Provided, That the Chief of Engineers 
shall be selected as now provided by law, and hereafter vacancies in the Corps of Engi- 
neers in all other grades above that of second lieutenant shall be filled, as far as possible, 
by promotion according to seniority from the Corps of Engineers: And provided also, 
That vacancies remaining in the grades of first and second lieutenant may be filled by 
transfer of officers of the Regular Army, subject to such professional examination as 
may be approved by the Secretary of War. Vacancies in the grade of second lieutenant 
not filled by transfer shall be left for future promotions from the corps of cadets at the 
United States Military Academy. 

Sec. 23.6 That the Ordnance Department shall consist of one Chief of Ordnance with 
the rank of brigadier-general, four colonels, six lieutenant-colonels, twelve majors, 
twenty-four captains, and twenty-four first lieutenants, the ordnance storekeeper, and 
the enlisted men, including ordnance sergeants, as now authorized by law. All vacan- 
cies created or caused by this section shall, as far as possible, be filled by promotion 
according to seniority as now prescribed by law. 

Sec. 24. c That the Signal Corps shall consist of one chief signal officer with the rank 
of brigadier-general, one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, four majors, fourteen captains, 
fourteen first lieutenants, eighty first-class sergeants, one hundred and twenty ser- 
geants, one hundred and fifty corporals, two hundred and fifty first-class privates, one 
hundred and fifty second-class privates, and ten cooks; Provided, That vacancies cre- 
ated or caused by this section shall be filled by promotion of officers of the Signal Corps 
according to seniority, as now provided by law. Vacancies remaining after such pro- 
motions may be filled by appointment of persons who have served in the Volunteer 
Signal Corps since April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight: Provided, 
That the President is authorized to continue in service during the present emergency 
for duty in the Philippine Islands, five volunteer signal officers with the rank of first 
lieutenant and five volunteer signal officers with the rank of second lieutenant. This 
authority shall extend only for the period when their services may be absolutely 
necessary. 

Sec 25.'^ That the officers of the Record and Pension Office of the War Department 
shall be a chief of said office with the rank of brigadier-general and an assistant chief of 

"This section amended by the act of April 23, 1904 (G. O. 76, W. D., series of 1904). 
i This section amended by the act of June 25, 1906 (G. 0. 191, W. D., series of 1906). 
cThis section amended by the act of March 2, 1903 (G. O. 24, W. D., series of 1903), 
and the act of April 23, 1904 (G. O. 76, W. D., series of 1904). 



134 APPENDIX. 

said office with the rank of major: Provided, That any person appointed to be Chief of 
the Record and Pension Office after the passage of this Act shall have the rank of 
colonel. 

Sec. 26. That so long as there remain any officers holding permanent appointments 
in the Adjutant-General's Department, the Inspector-General's Department, the 
Quartermaster's Department, the Subsistence Department, the Pay Department, the 
Ordnance Department, and the Signal Corps, including those appointed to original 
vacancies in the grades of captain and first lieutenant under the provisions of sections 
sixteen, seventeen, twenty-one, and twenty-four of this Act, they shall be promoted 
according to seniority in the several grades, as now provided by law, and nothing 
herein contained shall be deemed to apply to vacancies which can be filled by such 
promotions or to the periods for which the officers so promoted shall hold their appoint- 
ments; and when any vacancy, except that of the chief of the department or corps, 
shall occur, which can not be filled by promotion as provided in this section, it shall 
be filled by detail from the line of the Army, and no more permanent appointments 
shall be made in those departments or corps after the original vacancies created by this 
Act shall have been filled. Such details shall be made from the grade in which the 
vacancies exist, under such system of examination as the President may from time to 
time prescribe. 

All officers so detailed shall serve for a period of four years, at the expiration of which 
time they shall return to duty with the line, and officers below the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel shall not again be eligible for selection in any staff department until they shall 
have served two years with the line. 

That when vacancies shall occur in the position of chief of any staff corps or depart- 
ment the President may appoint to such vacancies, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the Senate, officers of the Army at large not below the rank of lieutenant-colonel, 
and who shall hold office for terms of four years. When a vacancy in the position of 
chief of any staff corps or department is filled by the appointment of an officer below 
the rank now provided by law for said office said chief shall, while so serving, have the 
.same rank, pay, and allowances now provided for the chief of such corps or department. 
And any officer now holding office in any corps or department who shall hereafter serve 
as chief of a staff corps or department and shall subsequently be retired shall be retired 
with the rank, pay, and allowances authorized by law for the retirement of such corps 
or department chief: Provided, That so long as there remain in service officers of any 
staff corps or department holding permanent appointments the chief of such staff corps 
or department shall be selected from the officers so remaining therein. 

Sec. 27. That each position vacated by officers of the line, transferred to any de- 
partment of the staff for tours of service under this Act, shall be filled by promotion in 
the line until the total number detailed equals the number authorized for duty in 
each staff department. Thereafter vacancies caused by details from the line to the 
staff shall be filled by officers returning from tours of staff duty. If under the operation 
of this Act the number of officers returned to any particular arm of the service at any 
time exceeds the number authorized by law in any grade, promotions to that grade 
shall cease until the number has been reduced to that authorized. 

Sec. 28. That vacancies in the grade of field officers and captain, created by this 
Act, in the cavalry, artillery, and infantry shall be filled by promotion according to 
seniority in each branch, respectively. Vacancies existing after the promotions have 
been made shall be provided for as follows: A sufficient number shall be reserved in the . 
grade of second lieutenant for the next graduating class at the United States Military 
Academy. 

Persons not over forty years of age who shall have at any time served as volunteers 
subsequent to April'twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, may be ordered 
before boards of officers for such examination as may be prescribed by the Secretary of 
War, and those who establish their fitness before these examining boards may be 



APPENDIX. 135 

appointed to the grades of first or Becond lieutenant in the Regular Army, taking 
rank in the respective grades according to seniority as determined by length of prior 
commissioned service; but no person appointed under the provisions of this section 
shall be placed above another in the same grade with longer commissioned service, 
and nothing herein contained shall change the relative rank of officers heretofore com- 
missioned in the Regular Army. 

Enlisted men of the Regular Army or volunteers may be appointed second lieu- 
tenants in the Regular Army to vacancies created by this Act, provided that they 
shall have served one year, under the same conditions now authorized by law for 
enlisted men of the Regular Army. 

Sec. 29. That to fill vacancies occurring from time to time in the several organiza- 
tions serving without the limits of the United States with trained men, the President 
is authorized to enlist recruits in numbers equal to four per centum in excess of the 
total strength authorized for such organizations. 

Sec. 30. That the President is authorized to maintain the enlisted force of the 
several organizations of the Army at their maximum strength as fixed by this Act dur- 
ing the present exigencies of the service, or until such time as Congress may hereafter 
otherwise direct: Provided, That in the event of the enlistment of a soldier in the 
Army for the period required by law, and after the expiration of one year of service, 
should either of his parents die, leaving the other solely dependent upon the soldier 
for support, such soldier may, upon his own application, be honorably discharged 
from the service of the United States upon due proof being made of such condition to 
the Secretary of War. 

Sec. 31.0 That the Secretary of War is authorized to detach from the army at large 
such number of enlisted men as may be necessary to perform duty at the various re- 
cruiting stations, and while performing such duty one member of each party shall 
have the rank, pay, and allowances of sergeant, and one the rank, pay, and allow- 
ances of corporal of the arm of the service to which they respectively belong. 

Sec 32. That when the exigencies of the service of any officer who would be enti- 
tled to promotion upon examination require him to remain absent from any place 
where an examining board could be convened, the President is hereby authorized to 
promote such officer, subject to examination, and the examination shall take place as 
soon thereafter as practicable. If upon examination the officer be found disqualified 
for promotion, he shall, upon the approval of the proceedings by the Secretary of 
War, be treated in the same manner as if he had been examined prior to promotion. 

Sec 33. The President of the United States is hereby authorized to select from 
the brigadier-generals of volunteers two volunteer officers, without regard to age, 
and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint them brigadier- 
generals, United States Army, for the purpose of placing them on the retired list. 

And the President is also hereby authorized to select from the retired list of the army 
an officer not above the rank of brigadier-general who may have distinguished him- 
self during the war with Spain, in command of a separate army, and to appoint, by 
and with the advice and consent of the Senate, the officer so selected to be major- 
general. United States Army, with the pay and allowances established by law for offi- 
cers of that grade on the retired list. 

Sec 34. That all officers who have served during the war with Spain, or since, 
as officers of the Regular or Volunteer Army of the United States, and have been hon- 
orably discharged from the service by resignation or otherwise, shall be entitled to 
bear the official title and, upon occasions of ceremony, to wear the uniform of the 
highest grade they have held by brevet or other commission in the regular or vol- 
unteer service. 

" See acts of June 12, 1906 (G. 0. 11.5, W. D., series of 1906), and March 4, 1909 
G. 0. 53, W. D., series of 1909), relative to companies for recruit depots and prison 
guards. 



136 APPENDIX. 

Sec. 35. That the jSecretary of "War be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed 
to cause preliminary examinations and surveys to be made for the purpose of select- 
ing four sites with a view to the establishment of permanent camp grounds for instruc- 
tion of troops of the Regular Army and National Guard, with estimates of the cost 
of the sites and their equipment with all modern appliances,, and for this purpose 
is authorized to detail such officers of the Army as may be necessary to carry on the 
preliminary work; and the sum of ten thousand dollars is hereby appropriated for 
the necessary expense of such work, to be disbursed under the direction of the Sec- 
retary of War; Provided, That the Secretary of War shall report to Congress the 
result of such examination and surveys, and no contract for said sites shall be made 
nor any obligation incurred until Congress shall approve such selections and appro- 
priate the money therefor. 

Sec 36." That when in his opinion the conditions in the Philippine Islands justify 
such action the President is authorized to enlist natives of those islands for service 
in the army, to be organized as scouts, with such officers as he shall deem necessary 
for their proper control, or as troops or companies, as authorized by this Act, for the 
Regular Army. The President is further authorized, in his discretion, to form com- 
panies, organized as are companies of the Regular Army, in squadrons or battalions, 
with officers and noncommissioned officers corresponding to similar organizations in 
the cavalry and infantry arms. The total number of enlisted men in said native 
organizations shall not exceed twelve thousand, and the total enlisted force of the 
line of the army, together with such native force, shall not exceed at any one time one 
hundred thousand. 

The majors to command the squadrons and battalions shall be selected by the 
President from captains of the line of the Regular Army, and while so serving they 
shall have the rank, pay, and allowances of the grade of major. The captains of 
the troops or companies shall be selected by the President from first lieutenants of 
the line of the Regular Army, and while so serving they shall have the rank, pay, 
and allowances of captain of the arm to which assigned. The squadron and battalion 
staff officers, and first and second lieutenants of companies, may be selected from the 
noncommissioned officers or enlisted men of the Regular Army of not less than two 
years' service, or from officers or noncommissioned officers or enlisted men serving, 
or who have served, in the volunteers subsequent to April twenty-first, eighteen hun- 
dred and ninety-eight, and officers of those grades shall be given provisional appoint- 
ments for periods of four years each, and no such appointments shall be continued 
for a second or subsequent term unless the officer's conduct shall have been satis- 
factory in every respect. The pay and allowances of provisional officers of native 
organizations shall be those authorized for officers of like grades in the Regular Army. 
The pay, rations, and clothing allowances to be authorized for the enlisted men shall 
be fixed by the Secretary of War, and shall not exceed those authorized for the Regu- 
lar Army. 

When, in the opinion of the President, natives of the Philippine Islands shall, by 
their services and character, show fitness for command, the President is authorized 
to make provisional appointments to the grades of second and first lieutenants from 
such natives, who, when so appointed, shall have the pay and allowances to be fixed 
by the Secretary of War, not exceeding those of corresponding grades of the Regular 
Army. 

Sec. 37.6 That the President is authorized to organize and maintain one provisional 
regiment of not exceeding three battalions of infantry, for service in Porto Rico, the 
enlisted strength thereof to be composed of natives of that island as far as practicable. 

a This section amended by the act of May 16, 1908 (G. 0. 91, W. D., series of 1908). 
6 This section amended by the acts of May 11, 1908 (G. 0. 80, W. D., series of 
1908), and May 27, 1908 (G. 0. 100, W. D., series of 1908). 



AtPENDtX. 137 

The regiment shall be organized as to numbers as authorized for infantry regiments of 
the Regular Army. The pay, rations, and clothing allowances to be authorized for the 
enlisted men shall be fixed by the Secretary of Wa,!, and shall not exceed those author- 
ized for the Regular Army. The field officers shall be selected from officers of the next 
lower grades in the Regular Army and shall, while so serving in the higher grade, have 
the rank, pay, and allowances thereof. The company and regimental and battalion 
staff officers shall be appointed by the President. The President may, in his discre- 
tion, continue with their own consent the volunteer officers and enlisted men of the 
Porto Rico regiment, whose terms of service expire by law July first, nineteen hundred 
and one. Enlistments for the Porto Rico i-egiment shall be made for periods of three 
years, unless sooner discharged . The regiment shall be continued in service until fur- 
ther directed by Congress. 

Sec. 38. The sale of, or dealing in, beer, wine, or any intoxicating liquors by any 
person in any post exchange or canteen or army transport or upon any premises used for 
military purposes by the United States, is hereby prohibited. The Secretary of War 
is hereby directed to carry the provisions of this section into full force and effect. 

Sec. 39. That nothing in this Act shall be held or construed so as to discharge any 
officer from the Regular Army or to deprive him of the commission which he now holds 
therein. 

Sec. 40. That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized to prescribe the kinds 
and quantities of the component articles of the army ration, and to direct the issue of 
substitutive equivalent articles in place of any such components whenever, in his 
opinion, economy and a due regard to the health and comfort of the troops may so 
require. 

Sec. 41. That the distinctive badges adopted by military societies of men "who 
served in the armies and navies of the United States during the Spanish-American war 
and the incident insurrection in the Philippines " may be worn upon all occasions of 
ceremony by officers and men of the Army and Navy of the United States who are mem- 
bers of said organizations in their own right. 

Sec. 42. That all laws and parts of laws inconsistent with the provisions of this Act 
be, and the same are hereby, repealed. 

Approved, February 2, 1901. 



(B.) 



AN ACT TO REORGANIZE AND TO INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY OP 
THE ARTILLERY OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America 
in Congress assembled, That the artillery of the United States Army shall consist of the 
Chief of Artillery, the coast artillery, and the field artillery. The coast artillery and 
the field artillery shall be organized as hereinafter specified, and the artillery shall 
belong to the line of the army: Provided, That on and after July first, nineteen hundred 
and eight, the Chief of Artillery shall cease to exercise supervision over the field artil- 
lery and shall thereafter be designated as the Chief of Coast Artillery. 

Sec. 2. That the Chief of Artillery or Chief of Coast Artillery shall be an additional 
member of the General Staff Corps, and his other duties shall be prescribed by the 
Secretary of War. 

When a vacancy occurs in the office of the Chief of Artillery or Chief of Coast Artillery 
the President may appoint to such vacancy, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, an officer selected from the coast artillery, who shall serve for a period of four 
years unless reappointed for further periods of four years; and any officer who shall 
hereafter serve as Chief of Artillery or Chief of Coast Artillery shall, when retired, be 
retired with the rank, pay, and allowances authorized by law for a brigadier-general 



138 APPENDIX. 

on the retired list. The position vacated by an officer appointed Chief of Artillery or 
Chief of Coast Artillery shall be filled by promotion in that arm according to existing 
law, but the officer thus appointed shall continue in the same lineal position in his arm 
which he would have held if he had not been so appointed, and shall be an additional 
number in the grade from which he was appointed or to which he may be promoted: 
Provided, That there shall not be at any time in the coast artillery more than one addi- 
tional officer by reason of the appointment of a Chief of Artillery or Chief of Coast 
Artillery and the relief of an officer from such duty. 

Sec. 3. That the coast artillery is the artillery charged with the care and use of the 
fixed and movable elements of land and coast fortifications, including the submarine 
mine and torpedo defenses. 

Sec. 4. That the field artillery is the artillery which accompanies an army in the 
field, and includes light artillery, horse artillery, siege artillery, and mountain artillery. 

Sec. 5. That the coast artillery shall constitute a corps, and shall consist of one Chief 
of Coast Artillery with the rank, pay, and allowances of a brigadier-general, as pro- 
vided in section one of this act; fourteen colonels; fourteen lieutenant-colonels; forty- 
two majors; two hundred and ten captains; two hundred and ten first lieutenants, and 
two hundred and ten second lieutenants; and the captains and lieutenants provided 
for in this section not required for duty with companies shall be available for duty as 
staff officers of the various coast artillery commands and for such other details as may 
be authorized by law and regulations; twenty-one sergeants-major with the rank, pay, 
and allowances of regimental sergeants-major of infantry; twenty-six master electricians; 
sixty engineers; seventy-four electrician-sergeants, first class; seventy-four electrician- 
sergeants, second class ; forty- two sergeants-major with the rank, pay, and allowances of 
battalion sergeants-major of infantry; forty-two master gunners; sixty firemen; one 
hundred and seventy companies, and fourteen bands, organized as now provided for 
by law for artillery corps bands. 

Sec. 6. That each company of coast artillery shall consist of one captain, one first 
lieutenant, one second lieutenant, one first sergeant, one quartermaster-sergeant, two 
cooks, two mechanics, two musicians, and such number of sergeants, corporals, and 
privates as may be fixed by the President in accordance with the requirements of the 
service to which it may be assigned: Provided, That the total number of sergeants and 
corporals in the coast artillery, so fixed, shall not exceed one thousand three hundred 
and sixty and two thousand and forty, respectively, and that the total enlisted strength 
of the coast artillery, as provided under this act, shall not exceed nineteen thousand 
one hundred and forty-seven, exclusive of master electricians, electrician-sergeants, 
first class, and electrician-sergeants, second class. 

Sec 7. That the field artillery shall consist of six regiments, each organized as 
follows: One colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, two majors, eleven captains, thirteen 
first lieutenants, and thirteen second lieutenants; two veterinarians, one sergeant- 
major, one quartermaster-sergeant, one commissary-sergeant, two battalion sergeants- 
major, two battalion quartermaster-sergeants, two color-sergeants, one band, and six 
batteries organized into two battalions of three batteries each. Of the officers herein 
provided the captains and lieutenants not required for duty with batteries shall be 
available for detail as regimental and battalion staff officers, and for such other details 
as may be authorized by law and regulations. Battalion adjutants shall be detailed 
from the captains, and battalion quartermasters and commissaries from lieutenants. 
Each field artillery band shall be organized as provided by law for cavalry bands: 
Provided, That the President in his discretion may increase by nine mounted orderlies 
the regimental strength herein authorized. 

Sec. 8. That each battery of field artillery shall consist of one captain, two first 
lieutenants, two second lieutenants, one first sergeant, one quartermaster-sergeant, 
one stable sergeant, one chief mechanic, six sergeants, twelve corporals, four mechan- 



APtENMX. 139 

ics,a three cooks, two musicians, and one hundred and two privates, the commissioned 
officers to be assigned from among those hereinbefore authorized for the regiment: 
Provided, That the President in his discretion may increase the number of sergeants 
in any battery of field artillery to eight, the number of corporals to sixteen, the number 
of mechanics to seven, the number of musicians to three, and the number of privates 
to one hundred and forty-nine: Provided further, That nothing contained in this Act 
shall increase the total number of enlisted men in the line of the Army, together with 
the native scouts, as authorized by section thirty-six of the Act of Congress approved 
February second, nineteen hundred and one, entitled "An Act to increase the effi- 
ciency of the permanent military establishment of the United States." 

Sec. 9. That on and after the approval of this Act the coast artillery and the field 
artillery shall be permanently separated, the separation to be effected as follows: 

All officers in the present Artillery Corps shall remain on one list as regards pro- 
motion until sufficient promotions shall have been made, as tar as the present number 
of officers permit, to provide in each grade, together with the officers remaining therein, 
the total number of officers of the grade provided for in this Act for the coast and field 
artillery combined. After such promotion they shall, in each grade, be assigned by 
the President to the coast artillery or to the field artillery, according to special aptitude 
and qualifications and agreeably to individual preference, so far as may be practicable 
and for the good of the service, such assignments to be permanent; and all officers 
promoted or appointed in the artillery thereafter shall be commissioned as officers of 
the coast artillery or the field artillery, as the case may be, and shall be promoted by 
seniority in their own branch, subject to the provisions of the laws governing pro- 
motion in the Army at large. 

Sec 10. That all vacancies created or caused by this Act which can be filled by 
promotion of officers now in the Artillery Corps shall be filled by promotion according 
to seniority, subject to examination as now prescribed by law. Of the vacancies 
created or caused by this Act which can not be filled by promotion of officers now in the 
Artillery Corps, one-fifth in each branch shall be filled in each fiscal year until the total 
number of officers herein provided for shall have been attained. The vacancies 
remaining in the grade of second lieutenant shall be filled by appointment in the 
following order: First, of graduates of the United States Military Academy; second, 
of enlisted men whose fitness for advancement shall have been determined by com- 
petitive examination; third, of candidates from civil life; and all such appointments 
shall be made in accordance with the provisions of existing law. 

SEt!. 11. That the regimental and battalion noncommissioned staff officers herein 
authorized for regiments of field artillery shall have the pay and allowances of cor- 
responding grades in the cavalry; the battalion quartermaster-sergeant shall have the 
pay and allowances of sergeant-major, junior grade, of the Artillery Corps; the chief 
mechanic 6 the pay and allowances of sergeant, and the mechanics of field artillery the 
pay and allowances of artificers of field artillery; engineer, sixty-five dollars a month 
and allowances of ordnance-sergeant; electrician-sergeant, first class, forty-five dollars 
a month and allowances of ordnance-sergeant; electrician-sergeant, second class, 6 
thirty-five dollars a month and allowances of ordnance-sergeant; master gunner, 6 the 
pay and allowances of ordnance-sergeant; fireman, thirty dollars a month and allow- 
ances of ordnance-sergeant; and that the rates of pay of all other enlisted men* of the 
coast and the field artillery shall be as now provided by law: Provided, That casemate 

a One mechanic changed to horseshoer by the act of March 23, 1910 (G. O. 54, 
W. D., series of 1910). 

6 Rates of pay of chief mechanic, electrician-sergeants, second class, master gunner, 
and first-class and second-class gunners changed by the act of May 11, 1908 (G. O. 80, 
W. D. series of 1908) 



140 APPENDIX. 

electricians, observers, first class, and plotters shall receive nine dollars a month in 
addition to their pay; that chief planters, chief loaders, observers, second class, gun 
commanders, and gun pointers shall receive seven dollars a month in addition to their 
pay, and that first-class gunners shall receive two dollars a month and second-class 
gunners one dollar a month in addition to their pay: Provided further, That the number 
of casemate electricians shall not exceed forty-four; that the number of observers, 
first class, shall not exceed one hundred and seventy; that the number of plotters 
shall not exceed one hundred and seventy; that the number of chief planters shall not 
exceed forty-four; that the number of chief loaders shall not exceed forty-four; that 
the number of observers, second class, shall not exceed one hundred and seventy; 
that the number of gun commanders shall not exceed three hundred and seventy- 
eight, and that the number of gun pointers shall not exceed three hundred and 
seventy-eight; And provided further, That no enlisted man shall receive under this 
section more than one addition to his pay. 

Sec. 12. That in addition to the chaplains now authorized for the Artillery Corps 
the President is authorized to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, and subject to the laws governing appointment of chaplains in the army, one 
chaplain for each regiment of field artillery and two for the coast artillery, with the 
rank, pay, and allowances now authorized by law for chaplains in the Army. 

Sec. 13. That all laws and parts of laws inconsistent with the provisions of this Act 
are hereby repealed. 

Approved, January 25, 1907. 



(0.) 



AN ACT TO INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE MEDICAL DEPART- 
MENT OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America 
in Congress assembled. That from and after the approval of this Act the Medical Depart- 
ment of the United States Army shall consist of a Medical Corps and a Medical Reserve 
Corps, as hereinafter provided; and the Hospital Corps, the nurse corps, and dental 
surgeons, as now authorized by law. 

Sec. 2. That the Medical Corps shall consist of one Surgeon-General, with rank of 
brigadier-general, who shall be chief of the Medical Department; fourteen colonels, 
twenty-four lieutenant-colonels, one hundred and five majors, and three hundred cap- 
tains or first lieutenants, who shall have rank, pay, and allowances of officers of corre- 
sponding grades in the cavalry arm of the ser\'ice. Immediately following the approval 
of this Act all ofiicers of the Medical Department then in active service, other than 
the Surgeon-General, shall be recommissioned in the corresponding grades in the 
Medical Corps established by this Act in the order of their seniority and without loss 
of relative rank in the Army, as follows: Assistant surgeons-general, with the rank of 
colonel, as colonels; deputy surgeons-general, with rank of lieutenant-colonel, as 
lieutenant-colonels; surgeons, with the rank of major, as majors; assistant surgeons, 
who at the time of the approval of this Act shall have served three years or more, as 
captains; and assistant surgeons, with the rank of first lieutenant, who at the time of 
the approval of this Act shall have served less than three years as such, as first lieuten- 
ants; and hereafter first lieutenants shall be promoted to the grade of captain after 
three years' service in the Medical Corps. 

Sec. 3. That promotions in the Medical Corps to fill vacancies in the several grades 
created or caused by this Act, or hereafter occurring, shall be made according to 
seniority, but all such promotions and all appointments to the grade of first lieutenant 
in said corps shall be subject to examination as hereinafter provided: Provided, That 
the increase in grades of colonel, lieutenant-colonel, and major provided for in this 



APPENDIX. 141 

Act shall be filled by promotion each calendar year of not exceeding two lieutenant- 
colonels to be colonels, three majors to be lieutenant-colonels, fourteen captains to be 
majors, and of the increase in the grade of first lieutenant not more than twenty-five 
per centum of the total of such increase shall be appointed in any one calendar year: 
Provided further, That those assistant surgeons who at the time of the approval of this 
Act shall have attained their captaincy by reason of service in the volunteer forces 
under the provisions of the Act of February second, nineteen hundred and one, sec- 
tion eighteen, or who will receive their captaincy upon the approval of this Act by 
virtue of such service, shall take rank among the oflScers in or subsequently.promoted 
to that grade, according to date of entrance into the Medical Department of the Army 
as commissioned officers. 

Sec. 4. That no person shall receive an appointment as first lieutenant in the Medical 
Corps unless he shall have been examined and approved by an army medical board 
consisting of not less than three officers of the Medical Corps designated by the Secre- 
tary of War. 

Sec. 5. That no officer of the Medical Corps below the rank of lieutenant-colonel 
shall be promoted therein until he shall have successfully passed an examination before 
an army medical board consisting of not less than three officers of the Medical Corps, 
to be designated by the Secretary of War, such examination to be prescribed by the 
Secretary of War and to be held at such time anterior to the accruing of the right to 
promotion as may be for the best interests of the service: Provided, That should any 
officer of the Medical Corps fail in his physical examination and be found incapacitated 
for service by reason of physical disability contracted in the line of duty, he shall be 
retired with the rank to which his seniority entitled him to be promoted; but if he 
should be found disqualified for promotion for any other reason, a second examination 
shall not be allowed, but the Secretary of War shall appoint a board of review to con- 
sist of three officers of the Medical Corps superior in rank to the officer examined, none 
of whom shall have served as a member of the board which examined him. If the 
unfavorable finding of the examining board is concurred in by the board of review, the 
officer reported disqualified for promotion shall, if a first lieutenant or captain, be hon- 
orably discharged from the service with one year's pay; and, if a major, shall be de- 
barred from promotion and the officer next in rank found qualified shall be promoted 
to the vacancy. If the action of the examining board is disapproved by the board of 
review, the officer shall be considered qualified and shall be promoted. 

Sec 6. That nothing in this Act shall be construed to legislate out of the'service 
any officer now in the Medical Department of the Army, nor to affect the relative rank 
or promotion of any medical officer now in the service, or who may hereafter be 
appointed therein, as determined by the date of his appointment or commission, 
except as herein otherwise provided in section three. 

Sec 7. That for the purpose of securing a reserve corps of medical officers avail- 
able for military service, the President of the United States is authorized to issue 
commissions as first lieutenants therein to such graduates of reputable schools of medi- 
cine, citizens of the United States, as shall from time to time, upon examination to 
be prescribed by the Secretary of War, be found physically, mentally, and morally 
qualified to hold such commissions, the persons so commissioned to constitute and 
be known as the Medical Reserve Corps. The commissions so given shall confer upon 
the holders all the authority, rights, and privileges of commissioned officers of the like 
grade in the Medical Corps of the United States Army, except promotions, but only 
when called into active duty, as hereinafter provided, and during the period of such 
active duty. Officers of the Medical Reserve Corps shall have rank in said corps 
according to date of their commissions therein, and when employed on active duty, as 
hereinafter provided, shall rank next below all other officers of like grade in the United 
States Army: Provided, That contract surgeons now in the military service who receive 
the favorable recommendation of the Surgeon-General of the Army shall be eligible 



142 APPENDIX. 

for appointment in said reserve corps without further examination: Provided further, 
That any contract surgeon not over twenty-seven years of age at date of his appoint- 
ment as contract surgeon shall be eligible to appointment in the regular corps. 

Seo. 8. That in emergencies the Secretary of War may order officers of the Medical 
Reserve Corps to active duty in the service of the United States in such numbers as 
the public interests may require, and may relieve them from such duty when their 
services are no longer necessary: Provided, That nothing in this Act shall be construed 
as authorizing an officer of the Medical Reserve Corps to be ordered upon active 
duty as herein provided who is unwilling to accept such service, nor to prohibit an 
officer of the Medical Reserve Corps not designated for active duty from service with 
the militia, or with the volunteer troops of the United States, or in the service of 
the United States in any other capacity, but when so serving with the militia or 
with volunteer troops, or when employed in the service of the United States in any 
other capacity, an officer of the Medical Reserve Corps shall not be subject to call 
for duty under the terms of this section: And provided further, That the President 
is authorized to honorably discharge from the Medical Reserve Corps any officer thereof 
whose services are no longer required : And provided further. That officers of the Medical 
Reserve Corps who apply for appointment in the Medical Corps of the Army may, 
upon the recommendation of the Surgeon-General, be placed on active duty by 
the Secretary of War and ordered to the Army Medical School for instruction and 
further examination to determine their fitness for commission in the Medical Corps: 
And -provided further, That any officer of the Medical Reserve Corps who is subject 
to call and who shall be ordered upon active duty as herein provided and who shall 
be unwilling and refuse to accept such service shall forfeit his commission . 

Sec. 9. That officers of the Medical Reserve Corps when called upon active duty 
in the service of the United States, as provided in section eight of this Act, shall be 
subject to the laws, regulations, and orders for the government of the Regular Army, 
and during the period of such service shall be entitled to the pay and allowances of 
first lieutenants of the Medical Corps with increase for length of service now allowed 
by law, said increase to be computed only for time of active duty: Provided, That 
no officer of the Medical Reserve Corps shall be entitled to retirement or retirement 
pay, nor shall he be entitled to pension except for physical disability incurred in 
the line of duty while in active duty: And provided further. That nothing in this 
Act shall be construed to prevent the appointment in time of war of medical officers 
of volunteers in such numbers and with such rank and pay as may be provided by law. 

Sec. 10. That all Acts and parts of Acts in conflict with the provisions of this Act 
are hereby repealed. 

Approved, April 23, 1908. 



(D.) 
ARTICLES OF WAR. 

Section 1342. Revised Statutes. The armies of the United States shall be 
governed by the following rules and articles. The word officer, as used therein, 
shall be understood to designate commissioned officers; the word soldier shall be 
understood to include noncommissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and privates, 
and other enlisted men, and the convictions mentioned therein shall be understood 
to be convictions by court-martial. 

Article 1. Every officer now in the Army of the United States shall within six 
months from the passing of this act, and every oflBcer hereafter appointed shall, 
before he enters upon the duties of his office, subscribe these rules and articles. 

Aet. 2. These rules and articles shall be read to every enlisted man at the time 
of or within six days after, his enlistment, and he shall thereupon take an oath or 



APPENDIX. 143 

affirmation, in the following form: "I, A B, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will 
bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America; that I will serve them 
honestly and faithfully against all their enemies whomsoever; and that I will obey 
the orders of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed 
over me, according to the Rules and Articles of War." This oath may be taken 
before any commissioned officer of the army. 

Art. 3. Every officer who knowingly enlists or musters into the military service 
any minor over the age of sixteen years without the written consent of his parents 
or guardian, or any minor under the age of sixteen years, or any insane or intoxicated 
persons, or any deserter from the .military or naval service of the United States, or 
any person who has been convicted of any infamous criminal offense, shall, upon con- 
viction, be dismissed from the service, or suffer such other punishment as a court- 
martial may direct. 

Art. 4. No enlisted man, duly sworn, shall be discharged from the service without 
a discharge in writing, signed by a field officer of the regiment to which he belongs, 
or by the commanding officer, when no field officer is present; and no discharge shall 
be given to any enlisted man before his term of service has expired, except by order 
of the President, the Secretary of War, the commanding officer of a department, or by 
sentence of a general court-martial. 

Art. 5. Any officer who knowingly musters as a soldier a person who is not a soldier 
shall be deemed guilty of knowingly making a false muster, and punished accordingly. 

Art. 6. Any officer who takes money, or other thing, by way of gratification, on 
mustering any regiment, troop, battery, or company, or on signing muster rolls, shall 
be dismissed from the service, and shall thereby be disabled to hold any office or 
employment in the service of the United States. 

Art. 7. Every officer commanding a regiment, an independent troop, battery, 
or company, or a garrison, shall, in the beginning of every month, transmit through 
the proper channels, to the Department of War, an exact return of the same, specifying 
the names of the officers then absent from their posts, with the reasons for and the 
time of their absence. And any officer who, through neglect or design, omits to send 
such returns, shall, on conviction thereof, be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 8. Every officer who knowingly makes a false return to the Department of 
War, or to any of his superior officers, authorized to call for such returns, of the state 
of the regiment, troop or company, or garrison under his command; or of the arms, 
ammunition, clothing or other stores thereunto belonging, shall, on conviction thereof 
before a court-martial, be cashiered. 

Art. 9. All public stores taken from the enemy shall be secured for the serv- 
ice of the United States; and for neglect thereof the commanding officer shall be 
answerable. 

Art. 10. Every officer commanding a troop, battery, or company is charged with 
the arms, accouterments, ammunition, clothing, or other military stores belonging 
to his command, and is accountable to his colonel in case of their being lost, spoiled, 
or damaged otherwise than by unavoidable accident, or on actual service. 

Art. 11. Every officer commanding a regiment or an independent troop, battery, 
or company, not in the field, may, when actually quartered with such command, 
grant furloughs to the enlisted men, in such numbers and for such time as he shall 
deem consistent with the good of the service. Every officer commanding a regiment, 
or an independent troop, battery, or company, in the field, may grant furloughs not 
exceeding thirty days at one time, to five per centum of the enlisted men, for good 
conduct in the line of duty, but subject to the approval of the commander of the 
forces of which said enlisted men form a part. Every company officer of a regiment, 
commanding any troop, battery, or company not in the field, or commanding in any 
garrison, fort, post, or barrack, may in the absence of his field officer, grant furloughs 
to the enlisted men, for a time not exceeding twenty days in six months, and not 
to more than two persons to be absent at the same time. 



144 



APPENDIX. 



Art. 12. At every muster of a regiment, troop, battery, or company, the com- 
manding officer thereof shall give to the mustering officer certificates, signed by 
himself, stating how long absent officers have been absent and the reasons of their 
absence. And the commanding officer of every troop, battery, or company shall 
give like certificates, stating how long absent noncommissioned officers and private 
soldiers have been absent and the reasons of their absence. Such reasons and time 
of absence shall be inserted in the muster rolls opposite the names of the respective 
absent officers and soldiers, and the certificates, together with the muster rolls, shall 
be transmitted by the mustering officer to the Department of War, as speedily as 
the distance of the place and muster will admit. 

Art. 13. Every officer who signs a false certificate, relating to the absence or pay 
of an officer or soldier, shall be dismissed from the service. 

Art. 14. Any officer who knowingly makes a false muster of man or horse, or who 
signs, or directs, or allows the signing of any muster roll, knowing the same to contain 
a false muster, shall, upon proof thereof by two witnesses, before a court-martial, 
be dismissed from the service, and shall thereby be disabled to hold any office or 
employment in the service of the United States. 

Art. 15. Any officer who, willfully or through neglect, suffers to be lost, spoiled, 
or damaged, any military stores belonging to the United States, shall make good 
the loss or damage, and be dismissed from the service. 

Art. 16. Any enlisted man who sells, or willfully or through neglect wastes the 
ammunition delivered out to him, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 17. Any soldier who sells or through neglect loses or spoils his horse, arms, 
clothing, or accouterments shall be punished as a court-martial may adjudge, subject 
to such limitation as may be prescribed by the President by virtue of the power 
vested in him. (Act of July 27, 1892, 27 Stat. L., 277.) 

Art. 18. Any officer commanding in any garrison, fort, or barracks of the United 
States who, for his private advantage, lays any duty or imposition upon, or is inter- 
ested in, the sale of any victuals, liquors, or other necessaries of life, brought into 
such garrison, fort, or barracks, for the use of the soldiers, shall be dismissed from 
the service. 

Art. 19. Any officer who uses contemptuous or disrespectful words against the 
President, the Vice-President, the Congress of the United States, or the chief magis- 
t/ate or legislature of any of the United States in which he is quartered, shall be 
dismissed from the service, or otherwise punished, as a court-martial may direct. 
Any soldier who so offends shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 20. Any officer or soldier who behaves himself with disrespect toward his 
commanding officer shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 21. Any officer or soldier who, on any pretense whatsoever, strikes his superior 
officer, or draws or lifts up any weapon, or offers any violence against him, being in 
the execution of his office, or disobeys any lawful command of his superior officer, 
shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 22. Any officer or soldier who begins, excites, causes, or joins in any mutiny 
or sedition, in any troop, battery, company, party, post, detachment, or guard, shall 
suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 23. Any. officer or soldier who, being present at any mutiny or sedition, does 
not use his utmost endeavor to suppress the same, or having knowledge of any intended 
mutiny or sedition, does not, without delay, give information thereof to his com- 
manding officer, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may 
direct. 

Art. 24. All officers, of what condition soever, have power to part and quell all 
quarrels, frays, and disorders, whether among persons belonging to his own or to 
another corps, regiment, troop, battery, or company, and to order officers into arrest, 
and noncommissioned officers and soldiers into confinement, who take part in the same, 
until their proper superior officer is acquainted therewith. And whosoever, being 



APPENDIX. 145 

BO ordered, refuses to obey such officer or noncommissioned officer or draws a weapon 
upon him, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 25. No officer or soldier shall use any reproachful or provoking speeches 
or gestures to another. Any officer who so offends shall be put in arrest. Any soldier 
who so offends shall be confined, and required to ask pardon of the party offended, 
in the presence of his commanding officer. 

Art. 26. No officer or soldier shall send a challenge to another ofiicer or soldier 
to fight a duel, or accept a challenge so sent. Any officer who so offends shall be 
dismissed from the service. Any soldier who so offends shall suffer such punishment 
as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 27. Any officer or noncommissioned officer, commanding a guard, who, 
knowingly and willingly, suffers any person to go forth to fight a duel, shall be punished 
as a challenger; and all seconds or promoters of duels, and carriers of challenges to 
fight duels, shall be deemed principals, and punished accordingly. It shall be the 
duty of any officer commanding an army, regiment, troop, battery, company, post, 
or detachment, who knows or has reason to believe that a challenge has been given or 
accepted by any officer or enlisted man under his command, immediately to arrest 
the offender and bring him to trial. 

Art. 28. Any officer or soldier who upbraids another officer or soldier for refusing a 
challenge shall himself be punished as a challenger; and all officers and soldiers are 
hereby discharged from any disgrace or opinion of disadvantage which might arise from 
their having refused to accept challenges, as they will only have acted in obedience 
to the law, and have done their duty as good soldiers, who subject themselves to 
discipline. 

Art. 29. Any officer who thinks himself wronged by the commanding officer of 
his regiment, and, upon due application to such commander, is refused redress, may 
complain to the general commanding in the State or Territory where such regiment is 
stationed. The general shall examine into said complaint and take proper measures 
for redressing the wrong complained of; and he shall, as soon as possible, transmit to 
the Department of War a true statement of such complaint, with the proceedings had 
thereon. 

Art. 30. Any soldier who thinks himself wronged by any officer may complain 
to the commanding ofiicer of his regiment, who shall summon a regimental court- 
martial for the doing of justice to the complainant. Either party may appeal from 
such regimental court-martial to a general court-martial; but if, upon such second 
hearing, the appeal appears to be groundless and vexatious, the party appealing shall 
be punished at the discretion of said general court-martial . 

Art. 31. Any officer or soldier who lies out of his quarters, garrison, or camp, without 
leave from his superior officer, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 32. Any soldier who absents himself from his troop, battery, company, or 
detachment, without leave from his commanding officer, shall be punished as a coiirt- 
maTtial may direct. 

Art. 33. Any officer or soldier who fails, except when prevented by sickness or 
other necessity, to repair, at the fixed time, to the place of parade, exercise, or other 
rendezvous appointed by his commanding officer, or goes from the same, without 
leave from his commanding officer, before he is dismissed or relieved, shall be punished 
as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 34. Any soldier who is found one mile from camp, without leave in writing 
from his commanding officer, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 35. Any soldier who fails to retire to his quarters or tent at the beating of 
retreat, shall be punished according to the nature of his offense. 

Art. 36. No soldier belonging to any regiment, troop, battery, or company shall 
hire another to do his duty for him, or be excused from duty, except in cases of sickness, 
33265°— 11 10 



146 APPENDIX. 

disability, or leave of absence. Every such soldier found guilty of hiring his duty, 
and the person so hired to do another's duty, shall be punished as a court-martial may 
direct. 

Art. 37. Every noncommissioned officer who connives at such hirin'g of duty shall 
be reduced. Every officer who knows and allows such practices shall be punished as 
a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 38. Any officer who is found drunk on his guard, party, or other duty, shall 
be dismissed from the service. Any soldier who so offends shall suffer such punish- 
ment as a court-martial may direct. No court-martial shall sentence any soldier to 
be branded, marked, or tattooed. 

Aht. 39. Any sentinel who is found sleeping upon his post, or who leaves it before 
he is regularly relieved, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial 
may direct. 

Art. 40. Any officer or soldier who quits his guard, platoon, or division, without 
leave from his superior officer, except in case of urgent necessity, shall be punished as 
a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 41. Any officer who, by any means whatsoever, occasions false alarms in camp, 
garrison, or quarters, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial 
may direct. 

Art. 42. Any officer or soldier who misbehaves himself before the enemy, runs 
away, or shamefully abandons any fort, post, or guard, which he is commanded to 
defend, or speaks words inducing others to do the like, or casts away his arms or ammu- 
nition, or quits his post or colors to plunder or pillage, shall suffer death, or such 
other punishment as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 43. If any commander of any garrison, fortress, or post is compelled, by the 
officers and soldiers under his command, to give up to the enemy or to abandon it, 
the officers or soldiers so offending shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a 
court-martial may direct. 

Art. 44. Any person belonging to the armies of the United States who makes 
known the watchword to any person not entitled to receive it, according to the rules 
and discipline of war, or presumes to give a parole or watchword different from that 
which he received, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial 
may direct. 

Art. 45. Whosoever relieves the enemy with money, victuals, or ammunition, or 
knowingly harbors or protects an enemy, shall suffer death, or such other punishment 
as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 46. Whosoever holds correspondence with, or gives intelligence to, the enemy, 
either directly or indirectly, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as a court- 
martial may direct. 

Art. 47. Any officer or soldier who, having received pay, or having been duly 
enlisted in the service of the United States, deserts the same, shall, in time of war, 
suffer death, or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct; and in time of 
peace, any punishment, excepting death, which a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 48. Every soldier who deserts the service of the United States shall be liable 
to serve for such period as shall, with the time he may have served previous to his 
desertion, amount to the full term of his enlistment; and such soldier shall be tried by 
a court-martial and punished, although the term of his enlistment may have elapsed 
previous to his being apprehended and tried. 

Art. 49. Any officer who, having tendered his resignation, quits his post or proper 
duties, without leave, and with intent to remain permanently absent therefrom, prior 
to due notice of the acceptance of the same, shall be deemed and punished as a 
deserter. 

Art. 50. No noncommissioned officer or soldier shall enlist himself in any other regi- 
ment, troop, or company, without a regular discharge from the regiment, troop, or 



APPENDIX. 



147 



company in which he last served, on a penalty of being reputed a deserter, and suffer- 
ing accordingly. And in case any officer shall knowingly receive and entertain such 
noncommissioned officer or soldier, or shall not, after his being discovered to be a 
deserter, immediately confine him and give notice thereof to the corps in which he last 
served, the said officer shall, by court-martial, be cashiered. 

Art. 51. Any officer or soldier who advises or persuades any other officer or soldier 
to desert the service of the United States, shall, in time of war, suffer death, or such 
other punishment as a court-martial may direct; and in time of peace, any punish- 
ment, excepting death, which a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 52. It is earnestly recommended to all officers and soldiers diligently to attend 
divine service. Any officer who behaves indecently or irreverently at any place of 
divine worship shall be brought before a general court-martial, there to be publicly 
and severely reprimanded by the president thereof. Any soldier who so offends shall, 
for his first offense, forfeit one-sixth of a dollar; for each further offense he shall forfeit 
a like sum, and shall be confined twenty-four hours. The money so forfeited shall be 
deducted from his next pay, and shall be applied, by the captain or senior officer of his 
troop, battery, or company, to the use of the sick soldiers of the same. 

Art. 53. Any officer who uses any profane oath or execration shall, for each offense, 
forfeit and pay one dollar. Any soldier who so offends shall incur the penalties pro- 
vided in the preceding article; and all moneys forfeited for such offenses shall be 
applied as therein provided. 

Art. 54. Every officer commanding in quarters, garrison, or on the march, shall keep 
good order, and , to the utmost of his power, redress all abuses or disorders which may be 
committed by any officer or soldier under his command; and if, upon complaint made 
to him of officers or soldiers beating or otherwise ill treating any person, disturbing fairs 
or marketa, or committing any kind of riot, to the disquieting of the citizens of the 
United States, he refuses or omits to see justice done to the offender, and reparation 
made to the party injured, so far as part of the offender's pay shall go toward such repa- 
ration, he shall be dismissed from the service, or otherwise punished, as a court- 
martial may direct. 

Art. 55. All officers and soldiers are to behave themselves orderly in quarters and 
on the march; and whoever commits any waste or spoil, either in walks or trees, parks, 
warrens, fish ponds, houses, gardens, grain fields, inclosures, or meadows, or maliciously 
destroys any property whatsoever belonging to inhabitants of the United States (unless 
by order of a general officer commanding a separate army in the field), shall, besides 
such penalties as he may be liable to by law, be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 56. Any officer or soldier who does violence to any person bringing provisions 
or other necessaries to the camp, garrison, or quarters of the forces of the United States 
in foreign parts, shall suffer death or such other punishment as a court-martial may 
direct. 

Art. 57. AMiosoever, belonging to the armies of the United States in foreign parts, 
or at any place within the United States or their Territories during rebellion against 
the supreme authority of the United States, forces a safeguard, shall suffer death. 

Art. 58. In time of war, insurrection, or rebellion, larceny, robbery, burglary, arson, 
mayhem, manslaughter, murder, assault and battery with an intent to kill, wounding, 
by shooting or stabbing, with an intent to commit murder, rape, or assault and battery 
with an intent to commit rape, shall be punishable by the sentence of a general court- 
martial when committed by persons in the military service of the United States, and 
the punishment in any such case shall not be less than the punishment provided, for 
the like offense, by the laws of the State, Territory, or District in which such offense 
may have been committed. 

Art. 59. When any officer or soldier is accused of a capital crime, or of any offense 
against the person or property of any citizen of any of the United States which is pun- 
ishable by the laws of the land, the commanding officer, and the officers of the regi- 



148 APPENDIX. 

ment, troop, battery, company, or detachment to "which the person so accused belongs, 
are required, except in time of war, upon application duly made by or in behalf of the 
party injured, to use their utmost endeavors to deliver him over to the civil magis- 
trate, and to aid the officers of justice in apprehending and securing him in order to 
bring him to trial. If, upon such application, any officer refuses or willfully neglects, 
except in time of war, to deliver over such accused person to the civil magistrates, or 
to aid the officers of justice in apprehending him, he shall be dismissed from the service. 

Art. 60. Any person in the military service of the United States who makes or causes 
to be made any claim against the United States, or any offic;er thereof, knowing such 
claim to be false or fraudulent; or 

Who presents or causes to be presented to any person in the civil or military service 
thereof, for approval or payment, any claim against the United States or any officer 
thereof, knowing such claim to be false or fraudulent; or 

Who enters into any agreement or conspiracy to defraud the United States by obtain- 
ing, or aiding others to obtain, the allowance or payment of any false or fraudulent 
claim; or 

A^Tio, for the purpose of obtaining, or aiding others to obtain, the approval, allowance, 
or payment of any claim against the United States or against any officer thereof, makes 
or uses, or procures or advises the making or use of, any writing or other paper, know- 
ing the same to contain any false or fraudulent statement; or 

Who, for the purpose of obtaining, or aiding others to obtain, the approval, allowance, 
or payment of any claim against the United States or any officer thereof, makes, or 
procures or advises the making of, any oath to any fact or to any writing or other paper, 
knowing such oath to be false; or 

Who, for the purpose of obtaining, or aiding others to obtain, the approval, allowance, 
or payment of any claim against the United States or any officer thereof, forges or 
counterfeits, or procures or advises the forging or counterfeiting of, any signature upon 
any writing or othS paper, or uses, or procures or advises the use of, any such signature, 
knowing the same to be forged or counterfeited; or 

'U'ho, having charge, possession, custody, or control of any money or other property 
of the United States, furnished or intended for the military service thereof, knowingly 
delivers, or causes to be delivered, to any persons having authority to receive the same, 
any amount thereof less than that for which he receives a certificate or receipt; or 

Who, being authorized to make or deliver any paper certifying the receipt of any 
property of the United States, furnished or intended for the military service thereof, 
makes, or delivers to any person, such writing, without having full knowledge of the 
truth of the statements therein contained, and with intent to defraud the United 
States; or 

'Who steals, embezzles, knowingly and willfully misappropriates, applies to his own 
use or benefit, or wrongfully or knowingly sells or disposes of any ordnance, arms, 
equipments, ammunition, clothing, subsistence stores, money, or other property of the 
United States fvirnished or intended for the military service thereof; or 

Who knowingly purchases, or receives in pledge for any obligation or indebtedness, 
from any soldier, officer, or other person who is a part of or employed in said forces or 
service, any ordnance, arms, equipments, ammunition, clothing, subsistence stores, 
or other property of the United States, such soldier, officer, or other person not having 
lawful right to sell or pledge the same — 

Shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine or imprisonment, or by such other 
pimishment as a court-martial may adjudge, or by any or all of said penalties. And 
if any person, being guilty of any of the offenses aforesaid, while in the military service 
of the United States, receives his discharge, or is dismissed from the service, he shall 
continue to be liable to be arrested and held for trial and sentence by a court-martial, 
in the same manner and to the same extent as if he had not received such discharge 
nor been dismissed. (Act of March 2, 1901, 31 Stat. L., 950.) 



APPENDIX. 149 

Aht. 61. Any officer wlio is convicted of conduct xmbecoming an officer and a 
gentleman shall be dismissed from the service. 

Art. 62. All crimes not capital, and all disorders and neglects, which officers and 
soldiers may be guilty of, to the prejudice of good order and military discipline, though 
not mentioned in the foregoing Articles of War, are to be taken cognizance of by a gen- 
eral, or a regimental, garrison, or field officers' court-martial, according to the nature 
and degree of the offense, and punished at the discretion of such court.a 

Art. 63. All retainers to the camp, and all persons serving with the armies of the 
United States in the field, though not enlisted soldiers, are to be subject to orders, 
according to the rules and discipline of war. 

Art. 64. The officers and soldiers of any troops, whether militia or others, mustered 
and in pay of the United States, shall, at all times and in all places, be governed by the 
Articles of War, and shall be subject to be tried by courts-martial. 

Art. 65. Officers charged with crime shall be arrested and confined in their barracks, 
quarters, or tents, and deprived of their swords by the commanding officer. And any 
officer who leaves his confinement before he is set at liberty by his commanding officer 
shall be dismissed from the service. 

Art. 66. Soldiers charged with crimes shall be confined until tried by court-martial 
or released by proper authority. 

Art. 67. No provost-marshal or officer commanding a guard shall refuse to receive 
or keep any prisoner committed to his charge by an officer belonging to the forces of the 
United States; provided the officer committing shall, at the same time, deliver an 
account in writing, signed by himself, of the crime charged against the prisoner. 

Art. 68. Every officer to whose charge a prisoner is committed shall, within twenty- 
four hours after such commitment, or as soon as he is relieved from his guard, report in 
writing, to the commanding officer, the name of such prisoner, the crime charged 
against him, and the name of the officer committing him; and if he fails to make such 
report he shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 69. Any officer who presumes, without proper authority, to release any pris- 
oner committed to his charge, or suffers any prisoner so committed to escape, shall be 
punished as a court-martial may direct. 

Art. 70. No officer or soldier put in arrest shall be continued in confinement more 
than eight days, or until such time as a court-martial can be assembled. 

Art. 71. "When an officer is put in arrest for the purpose of trial, except at remote 
military posts or stations, the officer by whose order he is arrested shall see that a copy 
of the charges on which he is to be tried is served upon him within eight days after his 
arrest, and that he is brought to trial within ten days thereafter, unless the necessities 
of the service prevent such trial; and then he shall be brought to trial within thirty 
days after the expiration of said ten days. If a copy of the charges be not served, or 
the arrested Officer be not brought to trial, as herein required, the arrest shall cease. 
But officers released from arrest, under the provisions of this article, may be tried, 
whenever the exigencies of the service shall permit, within twelve months after such 
release from arrest. 

Art. 72. Any general officer commanding an army, a territorial division or a depart- 
ment, or colonel commanding a separate department may appoint general courts-mar- 
tial whenever necessary. But when any such commander is the accuser or prosecutor 
of any officer under his command the court shall be appointed by the President; and 
its proceedings and sentence shall be sent directly to the Secretary of War, by whom 
they shall be laid before the President, for his approval or orders in the case. (Act of 
July 5, 1884, 23 Stat. L., 121.) 

«Sec. 3. That fraudulent enlistment, and the receipt of any pay or allowance there- 
under, is hereby declared a military offense and made punishable by court-martial, 
under the sixty-second article of war. (Act approved July 27, 1892, 27 Stat. L., 277.) 



150 APPENDIX. 

Art. 73. In time of war the commander of a division, or of a separate brigade of 
troops, shall be competent to appoint a general court-martial. But when such com- 
mander is the accuser or prosecutor of any person under his command, the court shall 
be appointed by the next higher commander. 

Art. 74. Officers who may appoint a court-martial shall be competent to appoint a 
judge-advocate for the same. 

Art. 75. General courts-martial may consist of any number of officers from five to 
thirteen, inclusive; but they shall not consist of less than thirteen when that number 
can be convened without manifest injury to the service. 

Art. 76. When the requisite number of officers to form a general court-martial is 
not present in any post or detachment, the commanding officer shall, in cases which 
require the cognizance of such a court, report to the commanding officer of the depart- 
ment, who shall, thereupon, order a court to be assembled at the nearest post or depart- 
ment at which there may be such a requisite number of officers, and shall order the 
party accused, with necessary witnesses, to be transported to the place where the said 
court shall be assembled. 

Art. 77. Officers of the Regular Army shall not be competent to sit on courts-martial 
to try the officers or soldiers of other forces, except as provided in article seventy-eight. 

Art. 78. Officers of the Marine Corps, detached for service with the army by order 
of the President, may be associated with officers of the Regular Army on courts-martial 
for the trial of offenders belonging to the Regular Army, or to forces of the Marine Corps 
so detached ; and in such cases the orders of the senior officer of either corps, who may 
be present and duly authorized, shall be obeyed. 

Art. 79. Officers shall be tried only by general courts-martial; and no officer shall, 
when it can be avoided, be tried by officers inferior to him in rank. 

Art. 80.1 The commanding officer of each garrison, fort, or other place, regiment 
or corps, detached battalion, or company, or other detachment in the army, shall 
have power to appoint for such place or command, or in his discretion for each battalion 
thereof, a summary court to consist of one officer to be designated by him, before 
whom enlisted men who are to be tried for offenses, such as were prior to the passage 
of the act "to promote the administration of justice in the army," approved October 
first, eighteen hundred and ninety, cognizable by garrison or regimental courts-martial, 
and offenses cognizable by field officers detailed to try offenders under the provisions 
of the eightieth and one hundred and tenth arti9les of war, shall be brought to trial 
within twenty-four hours of the time of the arrest, or as soon thereafter as practicable, 
except when the accused is to be tried by general court-martial; but such summary 
court may be appointed and the officer designated by superior authority when by 
him deemed desirable; and the officer holding the summary court shall have power 
to administer oaths and to hear and determine such cases, and when satisfied of the 
guilt of the accused adjudge the punishment to be inflicted, which said punishment 
shall not exceed confinement at hard- labor for one month and forfeiture of one month's 
pay, and, in the case of a noncommissioned officer, reduction to the ranks in addition 
thereto; that there shall be a summary court record kept at each military post and 
in the field at the headquarters of the proper command, in which shall be entered a 
record of all cases heard and determined and the action had thereon; and no sentence 
adjudged by said summary court shall be executed until it shall have been approved 
by the officer appointing the court, or by the officer commanding for the time being: 
Provided, That when but one commissioned officer is present with a command he shall 
hear and finally determine such cases: And provided further, That no one while holding 
the privileges of a certificate of eligibility to promotion shall be brought before a 
summary court, and that noncommissioned officers shall not, if they object thereto, 
be brought to trial before summary courts without the authority oi; the officer compe- 
tent to order their trial by general court-martial, but shall in such cases be brought to 

^Article 80 was repealed by the act of June 18, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 483). 



Appends. I5l 

trial before garrison, regimental, or general courts-martial, as the case may be. (Act 
of June 18, 1898, 30 Stat. L., 483.) 

Art. 81. Every officer commanding a regiment or corps shall, subject to the provi- 
sions of article eighty, be competent to appoint, for his own regiment or corps, courts- 
martial, consisting of three officers, to try offenses not capital. 

Art. 82. Every officer commanding a garrison, fort, or other place, where the troops 
consist of different corps, shall, subject to the provisions of article eighty be competent 
to appoint, for such garrison or other place, courts-martial, consisting of three officers, 
to try offenses not capital. 

Art. 83. Regimental and garrison courts-martial and summary courts detailed 
under existing laws to try enlisted men shall not have power to try capital cases or 
commissioned officers, but shall have power to award punishment not to exceed 
confinement at hard labor for three months or forfeiture of three months' pay, or both, 
and in addition thereto, in the case of noncommissioned officers reduction to the ranks 
and in the case of first-class privates reduction to second-class privates: Provided, 
That a summary court shall not adjudge confinement and forfeiture in excess of a period 
of one month, unless the accused shall before trial consent in writing to trial by said 
court, but in any case of refusal to so consent, the trial may be had either by general, 
regimental, or garrison court-martial, or by said summary court, but in case of trial 
by said summary court without consent as aforesaid, the court shall not adjudge con- 
finement or forfeiture of pay for more than one month. (Act of Mar. 2, 1901, 31 Stat. 
L., 950.) 

Art. 84. The judge-advocate shall administer to each member of the court, before 
they proceed upon any trial, the following oath, which shall also be taken by all 
members of regimental and garrison courts-martial: "You, A B, do swear that you 
will well and truly try and determine, according to evidence, the matter now before 
you, between the United States of America and the prisoner to be tried, and that 
you will duly administer justice, without partiality, favor, or affection, according 
to the provisions of the rules and articles for the government of the armies of the 
United States, and if any doubt should arise, not explained by said articles, then 
according to your conscience, the best of your understanding, and the custom of war 
in like cases; and you do further swear that you will not divulge the sentence of the 
court until it shall be published by the proper authority, except to the judge-advocate; 
neither will you disclose or discover the vote or opinion of any particular member of 
the court-martial, unless required to give evidence thereof, as a witness, by a court 
of justice, in a due course of law. So help you God. " (Act of July 27, 1892, 27 Stat. 
L., 277.) 

Art. 85. When the oath has been administered to the members of a court martial, 
the president of the court shall administer to the judge-advocate, or person officiating 
as such, an oath in the following form: "You, A B, do swear that you will not disclose 
or discover the vote or opinion of any particular member of the court-martial, unless 
required to give evidence thereof, as a witness, by a court of justice, in due course of 
law; nor divulge the sentence of the court to any but the proper authority, until it 
shall be duly disclosed by the same. So help you God." 

Art. 86. A court-martial may punish, at discretion, any person who uses any 
menacing words, signs or gestures, in its presence, or who disturbs its proceedings by 
any riot or disorder. 

Art. 87. All members of a court-martial are to behave with decency and calmness. 

Art. 88. Members of a court-martial may be challenged by a prisoner, but only 
for cause stated to the court. The court shall determine the relevancy and validity 
thereof, and shall not receive a challenge to more than one member at a time. 

Art. 89. When a prisoner, arraigned before a general court-martial, from obstinacy 
and deliberate design, stands mute, or answers foreign to the purpose, the court may 
proceed to trial and judgment, as if the prisoner had pleaded not guilty. 



152 APPENDIX. 

Art. 90. The judge-advocate, or some person deputed by him, or by the general 
•or officer commanding the army, detachment, or garrison, shall prosecute in the name 
of the United States, but when the prisoner has made his plea, he shall so far consider 
himself counsel for the prisoner as to object to any leading question to any of the 
witnesses, and to any question to the prisoner, the answer to which might tend to 
criminate himself. 

Art. 91. The depositions of witnesses residing beyond the limits of the State, 
Territory, or District in which any military court may be ordered to sit, if taken on 
reasonable notice to the opposite party and duly authenticated, may be read in evi- 
dence before such court in cases not capital ."■ 

Art. 92. All persons who give evidence before a court-martial shall be examined 
on oath, or affirmation, in the following form: "You swear (or affirm) that the evidence 
you shall give, in the case now in hearing, shall be the truth, the whole truth, and 
nothing but the truth. So help you God." 

Art. 93. A court-martial shall, for reasonable cause, grant a continuance to either 
party, for such time, and as often, as may appear to be just: Provided, That if the 
prisoner be in close confinement, the trial shall not be delayed for a period longer than 
sixty days. 

Art. 95.6 Members of a court-martial, in giving their votes, shall begin with the 
youngest in commission. 

Art. 96. No person shall be sentenced to suffer death, except by the concurrence 
of two-thirds of the members of a general court-martial, and in the cases herein 
expressly mentioned. 

Art. 97. No person in the military service shall, under the sentence of a court- 
martial, be punished by confinement in a penitentiary, unless the offense of which he 
may be convicted would, by some statute of the United States, or by some statute of 
the State, Territory, or District in which such offense may be committed, or by the 
common law, as the same exists in such State, Territory, or District, subject such 
convict to such punishment. 

Art. 98. No person in the military service shall be punished by flogging, or by 
branding, marking, or tattooing on the body. 

Art. 99. No officer shall be discharged or dismissed from the service, except by order 
of the President, or by sentence of a general court-martial ; and in time of peace no 
officer shall be dismissed, except in pursuance of the sentence of a court-martial, or in 
mitigation thereof. 

Art. 100. When an officer is dismissed from the service for cowardice or fraud, the 
sentence shall further direct that the crime, punishment, name, and place of abode of 
the delinquent shall be published in the newspapers in and about the camp, and in 
the State from which the offender came, or where he usually resides; and after such 
publication it shall be scandalous for an officer to associate with him. 

Art. 101. When a court-martial suspends an officer from command, it may also 
suspend his pay and emoluments for the same time, according to the nature of his 
offense . 

Art. 102. No person shall be tried a second time for the same offense. 

Art. 103. No person shall be liable to be tried and punished by a general court- 
martial for any offense which appears to have been committed more than two years 
before the issuing of the order for such trial, unless, by reason of having absented 
himself, or of some other manifest impediment, he shall not have been amenable to 
justice within that period. 

oSec. 4. That judge-advocates of departments and of courts-martial, and the trial 
officers of summary courts, are hereby authorized to administer oaths for the purposes 
of the administration of military justice, and for other purposes of military administra- 
tion. (Act of July 27, 1892, 27 Stat. L., 277.) 

b Article 94 was repealed by the act of Mar. 2, 1901 (31 Stat. L., 950). 



APPENDIX. 153 

No person shall be tried or punished by a court-martial for desertion in time of peace 
and not in the face of an enemy, committed more than two years before the arraign- 
ment of such person for such offense, imless he shall meanwhile have absented himself 
from the United States, in which case the time of his absence shall be excluded in 
computing the period of the limitation: Provided, That said limitation shall not 
begin until the end of the term for which said person was mustered into the service. 
(Act of Apr. 11, 1890, 26 Stat. L., 54.) 

Art. 104. No sentence of a court-martial shall be carried into execution until the 
same shall have been approved by the officer ordering the court, or by the officer 
commanding for the time being. (Act of July 27, 1892, 27 Stat. L. , 277.) 

Art. 105. No sentence of a court-martial, inflicting the punishment of death, shall 
be carried into execution until it shall have been confirmed by the President; except 
in the cases of persons convicted, in time of war, as spies, mutineers, deserters, or 
murderers, and in the cases of guerilla marauders, convicted, in time of war, of robbery, 
burglary, arson, rape, assault with intent to commit rape, or of violation of the laws and 
customs of war; and in such excepted cases the sentence of death may be carried into 
execution upon confirmation by the commanding general in the field, or the 
commander of the department, as the case may be. 

Art. 106. In time of peace no sentence of a court-martial, directing the dismissal 
of an officer, shall be carried into execution, until it shall have been confirmed by the 
President. 

Art. 107. No sentence of a court-martial appointed by the commander of a division 
or of a separate brigade of troops, directing the dismissal of an officer, shall be carried 
into execution until it shall have been confirmed by the general commanding the 
army in the field to which the division or brigade belongs. 

Art. 108. No sentence of a court-martial, either in time of peace or in time of war, 
respecting a general officer, shall be carried into execution, until it shall have been 
confirmed by the President. 

Art. 109. All sentences of a court-martial may be confirmed and carried into 
execution by the officer ordering the court, or by the officer commanding for the 
time being, where confirmation by the President, or by the commanding general in 
the field, or commander of the department, is not required by these articles. 

Art. lll.o Any officer who has authority to carry into execution the sentence of 
death, or of dismissal of an officer, may suspend the same until the pleasure of the 
President shall be known; and, in such case, he shall immediately transmit to the 
President a copy of the order of suspension, together with a copy of the proceedings of 
the court. 

Art. 112. Every officer who is authorized to order a general court-martial shall 
ha,ve power to pardon or mitigate any punishment adjudged by it, except the punish- 
ment of death or of dismissal of an officer. Every officer commanding a regiment or 
garrison in which a regimental or garrison court-martial may be held, shall have power 
to pardon or mitigate any punishment which such court may adjudge. [That the com- 
manding officer authorized to approve the sentences of summary courts and superior 
authority shall have power to remit or mitigate the same. — Act of June 18, 1898, 30 
Stats. L., 483.] 

Art. 113. Every judge-advocate, or person acting as such, at any general court- 
martial, shall, with as much expedition as the opportunity of time and distance of 
place may admit, forward the original proceedings and sentence of such court to the 
Judge-Advocate-General of the Army, in whose office they shall be carefully preserved. 
Art. 114. Every party tried by a general court-martial shall, upon demand thereof, 
made by himself or by any person in his behalf, be entitled to a copy of the proceedings 
and sentence of such court. 

o Article 110 was repealed by the act of June 18, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 483). 



154 APPENDIX. 

Art. 115. A court of inquiry, to examine into the nature of any transaction of, or 
accusation or imputation against, any officer or soldier, may be ordered by the President 
or by any commanding officer; but, as courts of inquiry may be perverted to dishon- 
orable purposes, and may be employed, in the hands of weak and envious comman- 
dants, as engines for the destruction of military merit, they shall never be ordered by 
any commanding officer, except upon a demand by the officer or soldier whose conduct 
is to be inquired of. 

Art. 116. A court of inquiry shall consist of one or more officers, not exceeding 
three, and a recorder, to reduce the proceedings and evidence to writing. 

Art. 117. The recorder of a court of inquiry shall administer to the members the 
following oath: "You shall well and truly examine and inquire, according to the 
evidence, into the matter now before you, without partiality, favor, affection, preju- 
dice, or hope of reward: so help you God." After which the president of the court 
shall administer to the recorder the following oath: "You, A B, do swear that you will, 
according to your best abilities, accurately and impartially record the proceedings of 
the court and the evidence to be given in the case in hearing: so help you God." 

Art. 118. A court of inquiry, and the recorder thereof, shall have the same power 
to summon and examine witnesses as is given to courts-martial and the judge-advocates 
thereof. Such witnesses shall take the same oath which is taken by witnesses before 
courts-martial, and the party accused shall be permitted to examine and cross-examine 
them, so as fully to investigate the circumstances in question. 

Art. 119. A court of inquiry shall not give an opinion on the merits of the case 
inquired of unless specially ordered to do so. 

Art. 120. The proceedings of a court of inquiry must be authenticated by the 
signatures of the recorder and the president thereof, and delivered to the commanding 
officer. 

Art. 121. The proceedings of a court of inquiry may be admitted as evidence by a 
court-martial, in cases not capital, nor extending to the dismissal of an officer: Fro- 
vided, That the circumstances are such that oral testimony can not be obtained. 

Art. 122. If, upon marches, guards, or in quarters, different corps of the army 
happen to join or do duty together, the officer highest in rank of the line of the Army, 
Marine Corps, Organized Militia, or volunteers, by commission, there on duty or in 
quarters, shall command the whole, and give orders for what is needful to the service, 
unless otherwise specially directed by the President, according to the nature of the 
case. (Act of March 8, 1910— Public, No. 80.) 

Art. 124." Officers of the militia of the several States, when called into the service 
of the United States, shall on all detachments, courts-martial, and other duty wherein 
they may be employed in conjunction with the regular or volunteer forces of the 
United States, take rank next after all officers of the like grade in said regular forces, 
and shall take precedence of all officers of volunteers of equal or interior rank, notwith- 
standing the commissions of such militia officers may be older than the commissions 
of the said officers of the regular forces of the United States. (Act of March 8, 1910. — 
Public, No. 80.) 

Art. 125. In case of the death of any officer, the major of his regiment, or the officer 
doing the major's duty, or the second officer in command at any post or garrison, as 
the case may be, shall immediately secure all his effects then in camp or quarters, 
and shall make, and transmit to the officer of the Department of War, an inventory 
thereof. 

Art. 126. In case of the death of any soldier, the commanding officer of his troop, 
battery, or company shall immediately secure all his effects then in camp or quarters, 
and shall, in the presence of two other officers, make an inventory thereof, which he 
shall transmit to the office of the Department of War. 



a Article 123 was repealed by the act of March 8, 1910. — Public, No. 80, 



APPENDIX. 155 

Art. 127. Officers charged with the care of the effects of deceased officers or 
soldiers shall account for and deliver the same, or the proceeds thereof, to the legal 
representatives of such deceased officers or soldiers. And no officer so charged shall 
be permitted to quit the regiment or post until he has deposited in the hands of the 
commanding officer all the effects of such deceased officers or soldiers not so accounted 
for and delivered. 

Art. 128. The foregoing articles shall be read and published, once in every six 
months, to every garrison, regiment, troop, or company in the service of the United 
States, and shall be duly observed and obeyed by all officers and soldiers in said 
service. 

Sec. 1343, Revised Statutes. All persons who, in time of war, or of rebellion against 
the supreme authority of the United States, shall be found lurking or acting as spies, 
in or about any of the fortifications, posts, quarters, or encampments of any of the 
armies of the United States, or elsewhere, shall be triable by a general court-martial, 
or by a military commission, and shall, on conviction thereof, suffer death. 

Writs of Attachment. 

Every judge-advocate of a court-martial shall have power to issue the like process 
to compel witnesses to appear and testify which courts of criminal jurisdiction within 
the State, Territory, or District where such military courts shall be ordered to sit, 
may lawfully issue. (Section 1202, Revised Statutes.) 

Refusal op Civilian Witness to Testify. 

Every person not belonging to the Army of the United States who, being duly 
subpoenaed to appear as a witness before a general court-martial of the Army, will- 
fully neglects or refuses to appear, or refuses to qualify as a witness or to testify or 
produce documentary evidence which such person may have been legally subpoenaed 
to produce, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, for which such person shall be 
punished on information in the district court of the United States; and it shall be the 
duty of the United States district attorney, on the certification of the facts to him by 
the general court-martial, to file an information against and prosecute the person so 
offending, and the punishment of such person, on conviction, shall be a fine of not 
more than five hundred dollars or imprisonment not to exceed six months, or both, at 
the discretion of the court: Provided, That this shall not apply to persons residing be- 
yond the State, Territory, or District in which such general court-martial is held, 
and that the fees of such witness, and his mileage at the rates provided for witnesses 
in the United States district court for said State, Territory, or District shall be duly 
paid or tendered said witness, such amounts to be paid by the Pay Department of 
the Army out of the appropriation for compensation of witnesses: Provided, That no 
witness shall be compelled to incriminate himself or to answer any questions which 
may tend to incriminate or degrade him. (Act of Mar. 2, 1901, 31 Stat. L., 950.) 



INDEX 



[References are to Paragraphs, except p., Page, and A. W., Articles of War,] 



Absence; 

During encampment, 262. 

Without leave, A. W. 31-34. 
Accounts (see also Disbursing Officers): 

National Militia Board, rendition for reimburse- 
ment, 395. 

Officers attending service schools, 32,314,344. 
Accountability: 

Funds. (See Disbursing Officers.) 

Public property. (See Public Property.) 
Accounts Current (see also Disbursing Officers) : 

Preparation, 184-186. 

Rendition, 149, 184. 
Acts of Congress. (See Congress.) 
Adjutants-General: 

Appointment and duties, 28, 224. 

Field artillery materiel, action in case of receipt, 87. 

Furnished publications by Division of Militia 
Affairs, 50. 

Reports and returns- 
Abstracts of, for Congress, 28, 385 (a). 
Enlisted men, Regular Army, detailed with 

States, 350, 386 (d). 
Rendition and transmission, 28, 224,386. 

Use of penalty envelope, 388. 
Adjntant-Generars Department: 

Organization, 229. 

Part of Organized MilJtia, 225. 

Regular Army, composition, p. 130. 
Advertisement: 

Method of, for sale of condemned property, 118. 
Affidavits: 

Destruction of condemned clothing, 109. 

Property acted on by surveying officer, 114. 
Age Limit: 

Commission in volunteer forces, 39, 380. 

Service in militia, 17, 221. 

Youths under 18 not part of Organized Militia, 254 
Aides-de-Camp: 

Brigade commanders, 228. 

Division commanders, 227. 
Alarms, False: 

Penalty for officers giving, A. W. 41. 
Allotments. (See Appropriations.) 
Allowances: 

Enlisted men attending service schools, 32, 348. 

Members of militia eligible for commissions in 
volunteer forces, 39, 379. 

Members of National Militia Board, 395. 

Militia when called forth for United S|;ates serv- 
ice, 26. 

Officers attending service schools, 32, 314,344. 



Ambalanco Companies. (See Medical Depart^ 

ment.) 
Ammunition: 

Allowance! for, use in procurement of other sup- 
plies, 293. 
Allowance for small-arms practice, how fixed, 294. 
Allowance, small-arms and artillery, authority for 

issue, 29. 
Artillery, coast, authority for issue, 305. 
Artillery, field, expended during inspection of 

materiel, 81. 
Exchange of obsolete, 29. 
Expenditure in target practice, 286. 
Field allowance- 
Cavalry, 243 (b). 
Field artillery, 243 (c). 
Infantry, 243 (a). 

Special arms and special grades, 243 (d). 
Furnished at camps of instruction, 37, 275, 292. 
Issued according to reports of inspection and 

small-arms practice, 293. 
Small arms, purchase, 54 (a). 
Supplied to militia organizations when called to 

United States service, 362 (d). 
Throwing away, penalty, A. W. 42. 
Ancient Organizations: 

Accustomed privileges to be retained by, 19, 223. 
Animals. (See Horses.) 
Apportionment of 3Iilitia: 

When called to United States service, 22, 359. 
Appropriations (see also Funds) : 
Arming and Equipping the Militia. (Sec. 1661, 
Revised Statutes, as amended) — 
Apportionment, method, 13, 146. 
Authorized, 12. 
Available for- 
Acquisition, construction, equipment, main- 
tenance of shooting galleries and target 
ranges, 128. 
Blank forms, procurement, 186. 
Coast artillery ammunition, 305. 
Entrance fees, small-arms competitions, 302. 
Expenses- 
Alteration of premises for target ranges, 

142. 
Construction of buildings on target ranges 
for storage purposes and housing care- 
takers, 130. 
Joint camps of instruction, 265, 269, 270, 271. 
Militia admitted to army hospitals, 277. 
Pit men, markers, and caretakers engaged 
upon ranges built, 140. 

157 



158 



INDEX. 



Appropriations— Continued. 

Arming and Equipping the Militia— Continued. 
Available for— Continued. 
Expenses— Continued. 
Preparation of title papers for shooting gal- 
leries and target ranges, 135. 
Small-arms practice, 286. 
State teams in National Match, 289. 
Travel of officers while acquiring and de- 
veloping shooting galleries and target 
ranges, 133. 
Field or camp service for instruction, 2t0. 
Horse hire, 170 (e). 

Issueof dress and field-serviceclothing, 170(a). 
Issue of any supplies furnished to Regular 

Army, 33. 
Pay, subsistence, transportation during rifle 
matches, and camps of instruction in rifle 
practice, 287, 289. 
Promotion of rifle practice, 13. 
Purchase of forage for hor-ses, 170 (e). 
Purchase of insignia of marksmanship, 288. 
Kental of target ranges for encampments, 138. 
Wagon transportation for practice marches, 
258. 
Conditions States and Territories must meet to 

participate in allotment, 13, 148. 
Continuous, 189. 

Credited with proceeds from sales of stores, 33. 
Disbursing officers to submit weekly state- 
ments of balances, 188. 
Funds to credit of deceased disbursing officer to 

be deposited to credit of, 216. 
Funds for promotion of rifle practice to be used 

lor no other purpose, 290. 
Minimum amount to be used for promotion of 

rifle practice, 170 (d). 
Not available for— 
Expenses of procuring bonds, 154. 
Expenses of militiamen not members of team 

in National Match, 300. 
Proper military duties, shooting galleries and 

target ranges, 301. 
Purchase of animals for work on target ranges, 

144. 
Payment of stipulatsd sum for shots fired on 
target range, 303. 
Promotion of rifle practice — 

Limitation of expenditures, 296. 
Transfer of funds from allotment "Arms, equip- 
ments, and camp purposes'* to "Promotion 
of rifle practice," 182. 
Arms, Uniforms, Equipments, etc., Organized 
MUitia (act of May 27, 1908)— 
Authorized, 29. 

Dress clothing not obtainable under, 170 (a). 
Deposits by disbursing officers to show, 210. 
Encampment and Maneuvers, Organized Mi- 
litia- 
Chargeable with claims for damages, 266. 
Disbursements from, 265, 269-271. 
Arm of Service: 

Requisition tor clothing to state, 60. 
Armament of MiUtla: 

Power of Congress to provide for, 3 (b). 
Armament and Equipment: 
Appropriations authorized, 12, 29. 
Ammunition. (See Ammunition.) 



Armament and Equipment — Continued. 
ArtUlery, how acquired, 45 (c). 
Cavalry, 243 (b). 
Classification of, when acted on by surveying 

oflJcer, lis, 116. 
Clothing. (See Clothing.) 
Condition to be shown by inspecting officers, 89. 
Conformity to that of Regular Army, 19, 30, 102, 

104. 
Deficiencies to be shown by inspection reports, 97. 
Experimental or provisional, issue to mflitia not 

authorized, 61. 
Field cooking outfit, 245. 
Field kits for all arms, 243. 
Field service — 

Bands, 242 (e). 

Cavalry, 242 (c, e). 

Coast artillery, 242 (a, b, e). 

Engineers, 242 (a, b, e), 249. 

Field artillery, 242 (d, e), 248. 

Hospital corps, 242 (f). 

Infantry, 242 (a, b, e). 

Medical, 247. 

Musicians, 242 (e). 

Ordnance, 242 (a, b). 

Organized Mflitia, 241-249. 

Signal corps, 242 (b, c), 246. 

Trumpeters, 242 (e). 
Furnished militia under section 1661, Revised 

Statutes, as amended, 43. 
Horse equipment for enlisted men individually 

mounted, 242 (g). 
Identification tags, 243 (a). 
Inspection of, as to completeness for field service, 

102, 352. 
Inspection of condition, 90. 
Inspection, report on, 101 (c). 
Issued to Regular Army, mflitia entitled to, 43, 44. 
Issues limited to standard articles, 57. 
Militia organizations when called forth for United 

States service, 362. 
Obsolete to be turned in, 110. 
Provisions for supplying militia, 14, 29. 
Tentage— 

Allowance for permanent or maneuver camps, 
244 (a). 

Field allowance, 244 (b). 

Hospital tents, 244 (c). 
Tools and utensils, camp and garrison purposes, 

244 (d). 
Arm Chests: 

Issue of keys to be restricted, 75. 
Arming and Equipping the Militia: 

Appropriation for, 12, 13, 29, 43, 44, 45 
Armories: 
Inspection of, 89, 101. 
Provision for protection of property, 66. 
Arms (see also Armament OTjd Equipment): 
Exchange of, 29. 

Experimental, not issued to militia, 61. 
Procurement and issue, 14. 
Right of people to keep and bear, 2. 
Throwing away of, penalty, A. W. 42. 
Army Garrison Schools. (See Schools, Garrison.) 
Army Service Schools. (See Schools. Service.) 
Arsenals, United States: 
Authorized to sell ordnance and ordnance stores, 

54 (a). 



INDEX. 



159 



Arsenals, United States— Continued. 
Designated for return of empty cartridge cases, 
packing boxes, bandoleers, and clips, 295. 
Articles of War, pp. 142-155. 
Artillery (see also Coast Artillery: Field ATtillery): 

Regular Army, act to reorganize, pp. 137-140. 
Artillery Corps: 

Regular Army, composition of, pp. 128, 137. 
Auditor, War Department: 
Disallowances in accounts, 190. 
Suspensions In accounts, 191. 
Badges: 
Authority for wearing of distinctive, in Regular 
Army, p. 137. 
Bands: 
Arms and equipments, 242 (c, e). 
Organization- 
Cavalry, 237. 
Engineers, 234. 
Field ArtiUery, 238. 
Infantry, 236. 
Bandoleers: 

Turning in, to arsenals, 295. 
Barracks: 
Erection of, on target ranges for accommodation 
of troops not a proper charge against allot- 
ment, 139. 
Battery, Field Artillery: 
Equipment for 3-inch gun, 248 (a, b). 
Hire of horses for, 13. 
Organization, 238. 
Bills: 

Contracting of, camps of instruction, 267. 
Blank Forms: 
Accounts current, 186,197, 198,200-203. 
Chargeable to State's allotment, 69, 186. 
Clothing dropped under allowance, 127. 
Field inspections, 93, 356. 
Meals purchased at mobilization rendezvous 

362 (b). 
Muster-out at termination of United States 

service, 368. 
Muster rolls, 364. 
Payment for property for shooting galleries and 

target ranges, 129. 
Prescribed, for submitting requisitions, 48, 59. 
Purchases of ordnance stores, 54 (b). 
Reports, coast and field artillery practice, 306. 
Reports, enlisted men detailed to instruct militia, 

350. 
Reports and returns, adjutants-general, 386. 
Requisitions for, how made, 49. 
Returns, public property, 69. 
Sales of condemned property, 120. 
Survey proceedings, 106. 
Boards: 
Appointment of militia of&cers to National 

Militia, 36. 393-395. 
Examination for commissions in volunteer forces, 

39, 382-384. 
National Militia, 36, 385, 395-395. 
Bond-Aided Railroads: 

Transportation of rifle teams, 297. 
Bonds (see also Disbursing Officers): 
Not required of officers furnished with funds for 
purchase of coffee or components of travel 
rations, 158. 
OfBcers responsible for property to give, 121. 
Books. (See Pv^lications.) 



Boxes, Packing: 

For small arms, cost of, 54 (d). 
Return to arsenals, 295. 
Branding: 

Prohibition of, court-martial sentence, A. W. 38. 
Brigade: 

Composition and organization, 228. 
Buildings, Storage: 
Expense of construction, on target ranges, 139. 
Insurance on, not met from federal funds, 145. 
Camp Equipage. (See Armament and Equipment.) 
Camps of Instruction (Joint): 
Admission of militia to army field hospitals, 277. 
Ammunition to be furnished militia, 275. 
Appropriation available for, 13, 205, 266. 
Assignment and pay, attached officers, 278. 
Authority for militia to participate in, 31, 264. 
Claims- 
Account of personal injuries, how adjusted , 276. 
Damages, 266. 
Command, in whom vested, 31, 274. 
Expenditures from private funds, reimbursement, 

279. 
Funds, disbursement, 265. 
Hire of horses, purchase of forage, and incidental 

expenses, 170 (e-g). 
Mileage, 281. 

Militia not in service of United States during, 276. 
Muster and inspection, 280. 
Pay- 
Prior service requirement, 280. 
While participating in, 269-271. 
Payment of rental of property not covered by 

lease, 206. 
Purchase of supplies from Regular Army, while 

engaged in, 55. 
Requisitions for supplies, 268. 
Selection of permanent grounds for, p. 136. 
Transportation of militia over land-grant rail- 
roads, 272. 
Cartridge Cases: 

Empty, return to arsenals, 295. 
Caretakers: 
Artillery materiel, 65. 
Target ranges, 139, 140. 
Cash Books: 

Disbursing officers, 194. 
Cavalry: 
Arms and equipments 242 (c, e), 243 (b). 
Field kit, 243 (b). 
Organization, 237. 

Regular Army, composition, p. 127. 
Certificates: 
Attendance of officers at army service schools, 

312, 344. 
Destruction of clothing infected with contagious 

diseases, 117. 
On requisition for stores and supplies, 47. 
Checks (see also Disbursing Officers): 

Purchase of military stores, how drawn, 54. 
Check Books, (See Disbursing Officers.) 
Circulars, War Department: 
Furnished militia by Division of Militia Affairs, 
50. 
Civil Authorities: 
Crimes, turning over of officers and soldiers ac- 
cused of, to A. W., 59. 



160 



INDEX. 



Civilians: 

Serving witli armies of the United States, subject 

to orders, A. W. 63. 
Waste or spoiling of private property of, A. W. 55, 
59. 
Claims: 
Damages to crops, state encampments, 263. 
Damages to property, joint camps of in.struction, 

266. 
False or fraudulent, A. W. 60. 
Personal injuries, not adjustable by War Depart- 
ment, 276. 
Provisions for payment in case of death of offi- 
cers or soldiers, 214. 
Settlement by disbursing officers, 183. 
Signatures to certificates to agree with names of 
creditors, 207. 
Clips, Cartridge: 

Return to arsenals, 295. 
Clotliing" (see also Uniforms, Clothing; Public 
Property): 
Dress- 
Not supplied under act of May 27, 1908, 170(a). 
Obtainable under section 1661, Revised Stat- 
utes, as amended, 170 (a). 
Dropping of, in accordance with allowance, 29, 

105, 126, 127. 
Field kits- 
Cavalry, 243(b). 
Field artillery, 243(c). 
Infantry, 243 (a). 

Special arms and special grades, 243 (d). 
Field service- 
Restriction of issues under act of May 27, 1908, 
170 (a). 
Infected with contagious diseases, destruction, 

U7. 
Issue of, in accordance with annual allowance, 

29, 53. 
Requisitions for— 
Requirements in preparation, 47, 59. 
To show arm of service, 60. 
Unserviceable- 
Disposition, 15, 109. 
Clothing Allowance: 
Annual, authorized, 29. 
Articles included under, 53. 
How fixed, 53. 

Property dropped under, 29,105,126,127. 
Coast Artillery: 
Ammunition, issue, 305. 
Arms and eq Jipraents, 242 (a, b, e). 
Organization, 239, 240. 
Reports, gun practice, 306. 
Coast Artillery School. (See Schools, Service.) 
Coflfee: 
Purchase of, bonds for disbursement of funds for, 
not required, 158. 
Colleges, Military. (See Schools, Service.) 
Colors: 

Abandonment of, A. W. 42. 
Command. (See Rank and Command.) 
Commissary -Sergeants, Post: 

Part of subsistence department, 229. 
Commissioned Officers: 
Militia — 
Appointment of, vested in States, 3 (b). 
Assignment to duty and pay at camps of in- 
struction, not members of organizations par- 
ticipating, 278. 



Commissioned Officers— Continued. 
Militia— Continued. 
Attendance at army service schools — 
Authority for, 32, 308. 
General requirements, 311-315. 
Not field service for instruction, 255. 
Special requirements, 316-332. 
Attendance at garrison schools — 
Authority for, 32. 
General requirements, 333-345. 
Bonds for property issued to, 121. 
Brigade staff, composition, 228. 
Cavalry, composition, 237. 
Coast artillery, composition, 239, 240. 
Commissions in volunteer forces, examination 

for, 39. 
Designation, to receipt for property, 68. 
Disbursing. (See Disbursing Officers.) 
Division staff, composition, 227. 
Engineers, composition, 234. 
Expenses while acquiring and developing 

shooting galleries and target ranges, 133. 
Expenses while attending array service 

schools, 314. 
Field artillery, composition, 238. 
Governor's staff, 226. 
Infantry, composition, 236. 
Inspectors of small-arms practice- 
Authorized, 19. 
B attalion of engineers, 234. 
Detail from Ordnance Department, 229. 
Pay while engaged in promotion of rifle prac- 
tice, 304. 
Regiment or separate squadron of cavalry, 

237. 
Regiment or separate battalion of infantry 
236. 
Medical — 
Assignment — 
Ambulance company, 231. 
Field hospital, 232. 
Medical corps, 230. 
Regiments, 236-238. 
Pay. (See Pay.) 
Reimbursement of expenditures from private 

funds, 279. 
Relative rank and command, A. W. 124. 
Responsibility for United States property, 74, 

121, 122. 
Signal corps, composition, 235. 
Sleeping-car accommodations for participants 

in National Match, 299. 
Staff corps and departments, composition, 229. 
Surveying. (See Surveying Officers.) 
Regular Army- 
Accused of capital crime to be delivered to civil 

authorities, A. W., 59. 
Acceptance of gratuities for services, A. W. 6. 
Appeal, right of, A. W., 29. 
Appointments, p. 134. 

Charged with crime, confinement, A. W. 65. 
Conduct unbecoming, penalty, A. W. 61. 
Deceased, inventory of effects, A. W. 125. 
Details- 
Annual inspections, 90, 91. 
Attendance at encampments, 35. 



INDEX. 



161 



Commissioned Officers— Continued. 
Regulai" Army — Continued. 
Details— Continued . 
Field inspections, 351. 
Inspection of field artillery materiel, 80. 
Instruction of militia, 36. 
Duties of, connected with enlistment or muster 

of soldiers, A. W. 3, 5. 
Honorably discharged, entitled to official rank, 

p. 135. 
Promotion of, temporarily unable to take ex- 
amination, p. 135. 
Public property in hands of, accountability, 

A. vr. 10. 
Responsible for loss of property through neglect, 

A. W. 15. 
Signing false certificates, subject to punishment, 

A. ^X. 13. 
Trial, A. "\Y. 71. 
Commissions, Volunteer Forces, (See Volunteer 

Forces.) 
Company Organization. (See OTganization.) 
Conspiracies: 

To defraud the United States, A. "\V. 60. 
Confinement on Arrest: 

Limit of, A. W. 70. 
Conformity to United States Army: 
Organization, armament, and discipline, 19, 30, 
101, 102, 104. 
Congress: 
Acts of^ 
To increase the efficiency of the Army, 127. 
To increase the efficiency of the Medical Depart- 
ment, pp. 140-142. 
To reorganize and to increase the efficiency of 
the artillery of the United States Army, pp. 
137-140. 
Amended militia law, 14-42. 
Appropriation, Arming and Equipping the Mili- 
tia, 12-15. 
Composition land forces United States service, 11. 
Powers in relation to the militia, 3. 
Contagious Diseases: 

Clothing infected with, destruction, 117. 
Constitutional Provisions: 

Pertaining to the militia, 1-6. 
Cooking Outfits, Field: 

Furnished by subsistence department, 245. 
Corps of Engineers: 
Organization, 234. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Regular Army, composition, pp. 129-133. 
Correspondence, Official; 
Rules to govern, 390-392. 
Courts-Martial: 
Absence without leave, A. W. 31-34. 
Administration of oath to members of, A. "W. 84, 
' 85. 

Accused entitled to copy of proceedings and sen- 
tence, A. "W. 114. 
Action when requisite number of members not 

present, A. W. 76. 
Ammunition, throwing away of, A. W. 42. 
Appointed by officer commanding regiment or 

corps to try officers, not capital, A. "W. 81. 
Appointed by officers commanding troops con- 
sisting of difierent corps, A. W. 82. 

33265°— 10 11 



Courts-Martial— ContiQued. 
Appointment of judge-advocate, A. W. 74. 
Approval of sentence, A. W. 104. 
Arras, tlirowing away of, A. W. 42. 
Behavior of members, A. AV. 87. 
Branding, sentence unauthorized, A. AV. 38. 
Confirmation of sentences, A. W. 104-109. 
Continuance, A. W. 93. 
Cowardice, A. W. 42. 

Crimes, various, against United States, A. "W. 60. 
Depositions, witnesses, A. W. 91. 
Desertions, punislmient, A. ^X. 47-51. 
Dismissal of officers, A. W. 99, 100. 
Drunkenness, officers and enlisted men, A. W. 38, 
Enlisted men. Regular Army- 
Assaults on superior officers, A. W. 21, 

Disrespect toward commanding officers, A. V.'. 
20. 

Disposition of public property, A. "\V. 16, 17. 

Quitting duty without authority, A. \\\ 40. 

Right of, to, A. W. 30. 
False alarms, penalty for giving, A. W. 41. 
False or fraudulent claims, A. W. 60. 
Garrison and regimental, powers, A. W. 83. 
General — 

Composition, A. W. 75. 

Concurrence of two-thirds of members necessary 
for death penalty, A. W. 96. 

Exemption from trial, after lapse of two years, 
A. AV. 103. 

How appointed, A. W. 72. 

How appointed in time of war, A. W. 73. 

No officer to be dismissed from service, except 
by order of President or sentence of, A. W. 99. 

Officers to be tried only by, A. ^y. 79. 
Imposition of sentence of imprisonment in peni- 
tentiary, A. W. 97. 
Judge-advocate — 

Duties, A. W. 90. 

Must be sworn, A. W. 85. 
Leaving post, A. W. 39. 
Manner of voting, A. W. 95. 
Mutiny and sedition, A. AV. 22, 23. 
Officers- 
Assault and battery, A. W. 21. 

Contemptuous or disrespectful language, A. W. 
19, 20. 

Leaving duty without authority, A. W. 40. 

Making and signing false musters, A. W. 14. 

Marine Corps, as mem.bers, A. AA'. 78. 

Not competent to try officers and soldiers of 
other forces, A. W. 77. 
Prisoner may challenge, A. W. SS. 
Proceedings, disposition, A. AV. 113. 
Punishment by flogging, branding, marking, or 

tattooing. A, "W. 98. 
Punishment, disturbers of proceedings, A. W. 86. 
Quarrels, frays, and disorders, refusal to obey 

orders for quelling of, A. "VV. 24. 
Refusal of prisoner to plead, A. W. 89. 
Regimental, jurisdiction, A. W. 83. 
Retreat, failure to observe, A. W. 35. 
Sentences, confirmation and execution, A. W. 

104^111. 
Sleeping on post, A. W. 39. 
Suspension of officers, A. W, 101. 
Suspension of sentence, A. W. 111. 



162 



INDEX. 



Courts-Martial — Continued. 

United States service, membersMp, 373. 

When pardon or investigation ot punishment 
authorized, A. W. 112. 

Witnesses to be sworn, A. W. 92. 
Courts ot Inquiry: 

Administration of oath to members, A. W. 117. 

Composition, A. W. 116. 

Jurisdiction, A. W. 118. 

Opinion on merits of case, A. W. 119. 

Proceedings as evidence in courts-martial cases, 
A. W. 121. 

Proceedings must be authenticated, A. W. 120. 

When ordered, A. W. 115. 
Cowardice: 

Punishment by courts-martial, A. W. 42. 
Crimes: 

Capital, officers or soldiers accused of, turning over 
to civil authorities, A. W. 59. 

Not capital, to be taken cognizance of by courts- 
martial according to nature and degree of 
offense, A. V,'. 62. 

Punishment fixed for various, A. W. 58, 59. 

Various, against United States, A. W. 60. 
Crops: 

Damages to, how computed, 263. 
Damages: 

Crops, state encampments, 263. 

Leased property for target ranges, settlement for, 
141. 

Personal injuries, claims for, not adjustable by 
War Department, 276. 

Property, joint camps of instruction, 266. 
Department Commanders, Army: 

Supervision over annual inspections of militia, 
90, 91. 

Supervision over field inspections of militia, 354. 
Depositaries: 

Disbursing officers furnished with statement of 
accounts, 175, 176. 

Official signature to be furnished by disbursing 
officers to, 169. 

Public funds, to be placed in, 164. 

Transfer of fundsl by disbursing officers not au- 
thorized, 181. 
Deposits: 

Certificates of, disposition of duplicate, 165. 

Disbursing officers to notify Chief, Division of 
Militia Affairs of, 165. 

Funds to credit deceased disbursing officer, 216. 

On account of disallowances, 190. 

Proceeds of sales, 119. 

Public funds by disbursing officer, where made, 
164. 

Befundments of overpayments or disallowances, 
210. 

Unexpended balances, 163, 210. 
Desertion: 

Punishment, A. W. 47-51. 
Details, Re^lar Army. (See Commissioned Offi- 
cers; Enlisted Men.) 
Disabilities: 

Benefits of pension laws, United States service, 
38, 374. 
Disbursing Officers (see also Funds): 

Accounts — 
Closing, 163, 215-220. 



Disbursing Officers — Continued. 
Accounts— Continued . 
Depositaries to furnish statements, 175, 176. 
Disallowances in settlement, 190. 
Separate, to be kept under each bond, 163. 
Suspension by auditor, prompt explanation to 
be made, 191. 
Accounts current- 
Actual state of business for period covered, to 

be shown, 192. 
Blank forms, how obtained, 186. 
Cash balances to be counted, verified, and 

certified, 193. 
JSxamination, 184. 
Method of rendering, 184-186. 
Net balances to be computed, when' not fur- 
nished by depositary, 195. 
Not to be delayed, 195. 
Pay rolls, preparation, 197-199. 
Preparation, 184-186. 
Eendition, 149, 184. 

Vouchers, preparation, 197-204, 206-209. 
Weekly statement of balances not to replaee, 
188. 
Appointment, 30, 149. 

Balances, weekly, to be reported, 188, 387 (b). 
Bonds — 
Amount, 30, 161. 

Approval by Secretary of War, 167. 
Closing accounts under, 163. 
Execution, 160. 
Expense of furnishing not chargeable to federal 

funds, 164. 
Premiums, rates, 156, 156. 
Benewal, 150. 
Requirement, 30, 149. 

Sureties to, requirements governing, 152, 153. 
Cash book to be kept, 194. 
Cash payments, 203, 205. 
Ceasing to act, 217, 218. 
Change of depositaries, 181. 
Check book — 
Application for, to whom made, 167. 
Care, 168. 
Checks — 
Alterations and erasures to be certified to, 219. 
Collections on, no allowance made for expense, 

180. 
Duplicates, regulations governing issues, 178, 

179. 
Identification with voucher, 174. 
Lost, stolen, or destroyed, action in case of 

death of disbursing officer, 179. 
Mutilated or spoiled, disposition, 177. 
Objects of expenditure, to be shown, 183. 
Payment on outstanding, death or removal ot 

disbursing olficer, 220. 
Receipts not required when payments are made 

by, 205. 
Regulations governing use of official, 173. 
Return to drawer after payment prohibited, 

175. 
Single, may be used in payment of more than 

one voucher, 174. 
Unused, disposition of, 218. 
Vouchers to be used, payments by, 203. 
Claims — 
Deceased soldier, settlement, 214. 
Examples showing proper signing of, 207. 



INDEX. 



163 



DlsbSrslng Officers— Continued. 
Claims — Continued . 

Settlement of outstanding, 183. 
Clerk hire not authorized, 211. 
Death, resignation, or removal, 220. 
Designation, 149. 
Funds- 
Deposits— 
Certilicates of, disposition of duplicate, 165. 
Funds to credit of deceased disbursing offlcer, 

216. 
Notification to Chief, Division of Militia 

Affairs of, 165. 
On account of disallowances, 190. 
Public funds by disbursing ofBcer, where 

made, 164. 
Refundments of overpayments or disallow- 
ances, 210. 
Unexpended balances, 163, 210. 
Disbursement of, field or camp service for in- 
struction, 253. 
ExcessiA'e balances not to be held, 187. 
From appropriation section 1661, Revised Stat- 
utes, as amended, for payment expenses joint 
camps instruction to be disbursed by, 265. 
Penalty for misuses of, 166. 
Regulations governing expenditure to be ob- 
served by, 172. 
Sale of condemned subsistence stores, how 

accounted for, 120. 
Transfer, one depositary to another, prohibited, 

181. 
Transfer, one allotment to another, only by 

authority Secretary of War, 182. 
Unexpended balances carried forward to next 
fiscal year under section 1661, 189. 
Pay of militia, camps of instruction, 269. 
Penalty envelopes, 388. 

Purchases of supplies in open market not author- 
ized, 171. 
Reports and returns, 387, 388. 
Signature of, to be furnished depositary, 169. 
Statements of account to be Liimished by deposi- 
taries, 175, 176. 
Transportation, when entitled to pay for, 212. 
Discharge of Enlisted Men, Regular Army, A. 

W. 4. 
Discipline: 
Disorders, correction by officers, A. W., 54. 
Militia to conform to that of United States Army, 

19, 101, 102, 104. 
Power of Congress to provide for, 3 (b). 
District of Columbia Militia: 
Apportionment of federal funds, 146. 
Employees of government, attending encamp- 
ments of, entitled to pay, 259. 
Division: 
Commanding officer and staff, 227. 
6rganization, 227. 
Division of Militia Affairs: 
Authority for payment of office expenses, 36. 
Examination of accounts current of disbursing 

officers, 184. 
Functions, 389. 
Issue of cheek books, 167, 168. 
Issue of circulars and manuals, 50, 51. 
Official correspondence, 390-392. 



Division of Mliitla Affairs— Continued. 
Report of expenses to be furnished to Congress, 
385 (b). 
Domestic Violence: 

Protection against, 6, 10. 
Draft Animals. (See Horses.) 
Dress Uniforms. (See Uniforms, Dress.) 
Drills: 
Number required annually by section 18, militia 
law, 34, 99, 148 (c). 
Drills, Target Practice, and Field Instruction: 

Reports, when furnished, 386 (c). 
Drunkenness: 

Penalty for, A. W. 38. 
Doeis: 

Challenging or acceptance, A. W. 26-28. 
Daties: 

Substitutes not to be hired, A. W. 36, 37. 
Embezzlement: 
Public moneys or property, A. W. 60. 
PuMic moneys, by disbursing officer, penalty, 166. 
Public property, action of surveying officer, 112. 
Employees^ Civilian: 
Hire of clerks, by disbursing officer, not author- 
ized, 211. 
Members of District of Columbia Militia entitled 
to pay while engaged in campsof instruction, 259. 
Pay of mechanics repairing field-artillery ma- 
teriel, 84. 
Pay during small-arms competitions, 287. 
Payment for work on target ranges, 140. 
Encampment and Maneuvers, Organized Militia. 

(See Camps of Instrv^tion, Joint.) 
Encampments, State: 
AUotment of federal funds available for expenses, 

13, 30, 250. 
Attendance at mihtary schools not considered 

ser\'ice m, 255. 
Authority for attendance prior or subsequent to 

period of, to r.ppear on pay rolls, 199. 
Character, amount, and manner of instruction, 

253. 
Claims for damages to crops, payment, 263. 
Details of army officers at, 35, 251. 
Funds — 
Available for hire of horses, purchase of forage, 

and Incidental expenses, 170 (e, f , g). 
Disbursement, 253. 

Estimates and particulars to accompany requi- 
sitions, 160. 
Fines, collection and disposition, 261. 
Method of proc^ulng, 159. 
Inspections under section 3, militia law, 351. 
Participation m, to receive benefits of allotment, 

34, 99, 148 (b). 
Pay- 
Civil employees, members of District of Co- 
lumbia Militia, 259. 

For actual number of days, 257. 

Officers on leave, 262. 

Previous service not considered, 250. 

Rate of, 267, 260. 
Payment of expenses of mounted officers, 256. 
Practice marches. (See Marches, Practice.) 
Rental of target ranges, payment of expenses, 138. 
Reports of, to be made by army officers attending, 

35, 251. 



164 



INDEX. 



Encampmeuts, State— Continued. 
Transportation of disbursing officers, payment, 

212. 
Where held, and troops engaging in, 252, 
Youths under 18 not entitled to benefits of federal 

allotment, 254. 
Enemy: 
Correspondence with, A. W. 46. 
Harboring or protecting, A. W. 45. 
Ene^lneers. {See Corps of Engineers.) 
Enlisted 3Ieu, Militia (see also Noncommissioned 

Officers): 
Attendance at army service schools, 32, 255, 346- 

348. 
In United States service, governed by Articles 

of War, A. W. 64. 
Pay of, field service for instruction, 257. 
Sleeping-car accommodations. National Match 

teams, 299. 
Subsistence of members of rifle teams, National 

Match, 298. 
Enlisted Men, Regular Army (see also Noncom- 
missioned Officers) : 
Absent -without leave, A. W. 31-35. 
Accused of capital crlm.e to be delivered to civil 

authorities, A. W. 59. 
Appeal, right of, A. W. 30. 
Appointment to comonissions, p. 135. 
Challenging or accepting challenges to duels, A. 

W. 20-28. 
Charged with crime, to be confined, A. W. 66. 
Desertions, punishment, A. W. 47-51. 
Detail for instructing militia, 36, 349, 350. 
Detail for recruiting service, p. 135. 
Discharge, A. AV. 4. 
Disorderly conduct, A. W. 54. 
Disposition of effects, deceased, A. W. 127. 
Disposition of public property, court-martial, 

A.W. 16, 17. 
Disrespect toward commanding oflicers, punish- 
ment, A. V,'. 20. 
Divine service, attendance, A. W. 52. 
Drunkenness, A. W. 38. 
Furloughs, A. W. 11. 
Hire of substitutes for duty prohibited, A. W. 36, 

37. 
Inventory of effects, deceased, A. W. 126. 
Misconduct in time of war, A. W. 42. 
Mutiny and sedition, A. W. 22, 23. 
Profanity, penalty for use of, A. W. 53. 
Quitting duty without authority, A. W. 39, 40. 
Reports by adjutants-general on, detailed with 

militia, 386 (d). 
Retreat, failure to return to quarters, A. W. 35. 
Selling arms, A. W. 60. 
Sleeping on post, A. W. 39. 
Speeches or gestures reproachful or provoking to 

others, punishment for, A. W. 25. 
Strength, maximum to be maintained, p. 135. 
Violence against superior officers, A. W. 21. 
Violence to traders in foreign lands, A. W. 56. 
Waste of private property, A. W. 55. 
Enlisted Strength: 
Ambulance company, 231. 
Cavalry, 237. 
Coast artiUery, 239, 240. 
Engineers, 234. 
Field artillery, 238. 



Enlisted Strength— Continued. 
Field hospital, 232. 
Infantry, 236. 

Minimum for organizations fixed by the Presi- 
dent, 19, 221. 
Organizations in volunteer forces, 361. 
Regular Army, maximum to be maintained, p. 

135. 
Signal Corps, 235. 
Enlistments: 
Examination, physical, 100. 
Minors, insane or intoxicated persons, criminals, 

A. W. 3. 
Oflicers and enlisted men when called upon for 

United States service, 23, 363, 365. 
Philippine Island natives, p. 136. 
Porto Rico, natives, p. 136. 
Regular Army, oath required of soldiers, A. W. 2. 
Recruits for organizations on foreign service, p. 
135. 
Entrance Fees: 

Small-arms competitions, payment, 302. 
Envelopes, Penalty: 
Use by adjutants-general and disbursing officers, 
388. 
Equipment. (See Armament and Equipment.) 
Examinations, Mental: 
Commissions in volunteer forces, 39, 376. 
Officers attending army service schools, 318-321. 
<Jfficers attending army garrison schools, 339. 
Examinations, Physical. (See Physical Examina- 
tions.) 
Examining Boards. (See Boards.) 
Exemptions: 

From militia service, 18, 222. 
Experimental Stores and Supplies: 

Not issued to militia, 61. 
Field Artillery: 
Arms and equipments, 242 (d, e), 248. 
Field kit, 243 (c). 
Hire of horses for batteries, 13. 
Materiel — 
Armory facilities for care and protection of, 65. 
Detail of army officers to instruct tu care and 

handling of, 87. 
Inspections of, by oflicers of Ordnance Depart- 
ment, 79-87. 
Number of each article to be given in report of 

inspection, 101 (b). 
Orders for care, preservation, and use, to be 

issued by adjutants-general, 88. 
Receipt of, action to be taken, 87. 
Repairs — 
Cost, 78. 
How made, 82. 
Mechanics, hire of, 82, 84. 
Settlement of cost, 83. 
Shipment, 85, 86. 
Territorial districts, 79. 
Organization, 238. 
Rations, field allowance, 243 (c). 
Target practice, 306. 
Field Cooking Outnt: 

Kind for use, 245. 
Field Hospital: 
Organization, 232. 
Part of medical department, 230. 



INDEX. 



165 



Field Instruction. (See Camps of Instruction, 
Joint; Encampments, State; Small-Arms 
Practice.) 
Field Kits: 

Cavalry, 243 (b). 

Field artillery, 243 (c). 

For special arms and special grades, 243 (d). 

Infantry, 243 (a). 
Field Service: 

Armament and equipment for, 44. 
Inspection as to completeness, 352. 
Fines: 

Deduction from pay of men during camps of in- 
struction, 261. 
Fire-Control Equipment: 

Field Artillery, 248. 
Forage: 

Procurement for camps of instruction, 13, 170 (f). 
Funds (see also Disbursing Officers): 

Accountability, 163-214. 

Acquisition, 146-162. 

Apportionment among States and Territories, 13, 

146. 

Balances unexpended, section 1661, Revised 
Statutes, as amended, carried to next fiscal 
year, 189. 

Depositaries for public, 164. 

Disbursements, camps of instruction, 265, 269-271. 

Disbursements, field or camp service for instruc- 
tion, 253. 

Disbursing officers. (See Disbursing Officers.) 

Disposition of, collected from individuals for prop- 
erty lost or destroyed, 122, 123. 

Disposition of, from sales of condemned property, 
109, 119, 120. 

From casb sales credited to appropriations to 
whicb they belong, 33. 

Refundment to officers for purchases made while 
traveling, 279. 

Regulations governing expenditures to be ob- 
served by disbursing officers, 172. 

Remittances for purchase of ordnance stores, 54 
(e, f). 

Requisitions — 
Action of Treasury Department on, 161. 
Estimates and particulars to accompany, 160. 
LimitaLion of time before actual need, 162, 187. 
Proper person to make, 159. 

State- 
Procurement of United States property from, 
33, 45 (d),51. 
Furloug:hs: 

Granting to enlisted men, A. W. 11. 
General Staff Corps: 

War CoUege Division — 
Issue of publications to militia, 51. 
Government: 

Republican form of, a constitutional guaranty, 6. 
Governors: 

Accountable for public property issued to Organ- 
ized Militia, 14, 29, 45, 64. 

Annual return of public property issued to Organ- 
ized Militia, 69. 

Approval of leases for target ranges, 137. 
Authority for — 
Acquiring shooting galleries and target ranges, 
129. 



a vernors— Continued . 
Authority for — Continued. 
Appointment of surveying officers, 106. 
Making requisition for funds, 30, 159. 
Making requisitions for stores and supplies, 43, 
44. 
Officers on staff, relation to Organized Militia, 226. 
Receipts for public property issued to the militia, 

68. 
Requests for piuchase of ordnance and ordnance 

stores, 54 (a). 
Separate records to be kept of transactions per- 
taining to the different supply departments, 46. 
Gratuities: 

Acceptance by officers of Regular Army, A. W. 6. 
Guard Duty: 
Drunkenness, A. W. 38. 
Quitting post, A. W. 39. 
Sleeping on post, A. W. 39. 
Horse Equipment. (See Armament and Equip- 
ment.) 
Horses: 
Allotment from federal funds available for hire 

13, 170 (e). 
For mounted officers during field service for in- 
struction, payment, 256. 
Purchase for use on target ranges, not authorized 
144. 
Hospital Corps. (See M:cdical Department.) 
Hospitals, I'nited States Army: 
Admission of members of Organized Militia to 
277. 
Identiflcatiou Tags: 
Prescribed, 243 (a). 
Individuals: 
Can not purchase United States property, 56. 
Funds collected from, for loss or destruction of 
property, disposition, 122. 
Infantry: 
Arms and equipments, 242 (a, b, e). 
Field kit, 243 (a). 

Intrenching tools, field allowance, 243 (a). 
Organization, 236. 

Regular Army, composition, p. 129. 
Insignia : 

Small-arms practice, 288. 
Inspecting Officers: 
Annual inspections, section 14, militia law- 
Details, 90-92. 
Duties, 93, 97-103. 
Reports, 93, 94, 97, 98, 103. 

Blank forms, 93. 
Special instructions, 93. 
Field inspections, section 3, militia law- 
Details, 357. 
Duties, 351-353. 
Reports, 352, 353, 357. 
Blank forms for, 356. 
Inspector-General's Department: 
Organization, 229. 
Part of Organized MiUtia, 225. 
Regular Army, composition, p. 130. 
Inspectors of Small-Arms Practice: 
Authorized, 19, 234, 236, 237. 
Detailed from Ordnance Department, 229. 
Pay while engaged in promotion of rifle prac- 
ticCj 304. 



166 



INDEX. 



Inspections: 

Annual (section 14, militia law)— 
Action required of organization commanders, 

93, 97. 
Armament and equipment for field service, 

101 (c). 
Arrangements for holding, 92, 94. 
Blank forms for reports, by whom supplied, 93. 
Compliance with requirements as to drills, 

target practice, and field service, 99. 
Conformity of militia organizations to Regular 

Army, 101, 102, 104. 
Department commanders — 
Action on reports, 94. 
In immediate charge of, 90. 
Detail of officers, 90-92. 
Excess expenses of travel of inspecting officers, 

170 (c). 
Headquarters, manner of reporting on, 95. 
Honorary appointees to governors' staff, 95. 
Itineraries, arrangement, 92. 
Members of militia temporarily absent, 96. 
Per cent dependable for call to United States 

service, 101. 
Physical examination for enlistments, char- 
acter, 100. 
Prescribed, 30, 34, 148 (d). 
Property in hands of organizations, 97, 98, 101 

(b). 
Purpose, 30, 89. 
Reports — 
Blank forms for, 93. 
Examination, 94. 
Preparation, 93, 94, 97, 98, 103. 
Requirements for militia to receive benefits of j 

allotment, 148. 
Small-arms practice, report on, 101. 
Time for holding, 90. 
Field (section 3, militia law) — 
Armament, equipment, and supplies for field 

service, 352. 
Arrangements of details, 355. 
Department commanders to have charge, 354. 
Details of officers, 357. 
Officers for, selection, 355. 
Purpose, 351, 358. 
Reports of officers, 357. 
Blank forms for, 356. 
Scope, 352, 353. 
When and by whom made, 351. 
Field artillery materiel. (See Field Artillery.) 
Instruction. (See Camps of Instruction, Joint; 

Encampments, State; Small-Arms Practice.) 
Insxirancc; 
Buildings, expense not chargeable to federal 
funds, 145. 
Insurrections: 

Suppression by militia, 3 (a), 8, 20. 
Invasion: 
Repelling of, by militia, 3 (a), 20. 
States to have protection of United States against, 
6. 
Inventory: 
Public property taken by organizations into 
United States service, 365. 



Invoices and Receipts: 

Execution, 62. 

Public property taken by organizations into 

United States service, 365. 
Transfer of public property, 66, 77. 
Issues (see also Armament and Equipment): 
Experimental stores and supplies, not authorized, 

61. 
Public property— 
By States to persons not members of Organized 

Militia prohibited, 76. 
Suspension of, for failure to correct annual re- 
turns, 71. 
Standard articles only, for militia, 57, 61. 
Joint Encampments. (See Camps of InstruUion.) 
Judge- Ad vocates : 
Courts-martial— 
Appointment, A. W. 74. 
Duties, A. "W. 90. 
Juds:e-Advocate-General's Department: 
Organization, 229. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Regular Army, composition, p. 130. 
Keys: 

Storerooms and chests, to whom intrusted, 75. 
Labor, Civilian. (See Employees, Civilian.) 
Land-Grant Act: 

When applicable to militia, 272. 
Land-Grant Railroads: 

Transportation of rifle teams over, 297. 
Laws, Federal: 
General provisions regarding militia, 7-42. 
Power of Congress for making, 3 (c). 
Use of militia in execution, 3 (a), 9. 
Laws, United States and State: 

Enforcement, in States and Territories, 10. 
Leases: 
Buildings on target ranges, 136. 
Camps of instruction, case of damage to crops, 263. 
Target ranges, preparation and approval, 137. 
Leave of Absence: 
Officers- 
Attending garrison schools, 343. 
Attending service schools, 314, 315. 
Liquors: 

Intoxicating, sale in canteens, etc., p. 137. 
Machine-Gun Companies: 

Organization and employment, 236, 237. 
Maneuvers. (See Camps of Instruction.) 
Manuals: 
Instruction, supplied by Division of Militia 

Affairs, 50. 
Supply departments, details of stores published 
in, 46. 
Map Reproduction Outfit: 

For engineer company, 249. 
Marches, Practice: 
Militia must participate in, to receive benefits of 

aUotment, 34, 99, 148 (b). 
Wagon transportation, hire authorized, 258. 
Mechanics: 

Hire for repair of artillery materiel, 84. 
Medals: 
National Match- 
Provided for by Congress, 291. 



INDEX. 



167 



Medical Department: 

Ambulance company, organization, 231. 
Army, act to increase the efficiency of, pp. 140-142. 
Composition, 230. 
Field hospital, organization, 232. 
Hospital Corps- 
Arms and equipments, 242 (f). 

Assignment to regiments, 236-238. 

Organization, 230 (b), 231, 232. 
Medical Corps — 

Assignment of officers, 231, 232, 236-239. 

Organization, 230 (a). 
Organization, 230. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Mileage: 
Excess expenses of inspecting officers, 13, 170 (c). 
Officers — 

Attending camps of instruction, not authorized, 
2S1. 

A ttendtng Army service scliools, 314. 
Military Academy, United States: 

Attendance of militia officers not authorized, 308. 
Militia: 
Accountability for public property, 14, 29, 64-S8. 
Adj utants-General— 

Appointment, 28, 224. 

Reports and returns, 28, 224, 386. 
Age limit for service, 17. 
Ancient organizations to retain accustomed 

privileges, 19, 223. 
Apportionment among States when called into 

United States service, 22, 359. 
Appropriations. (See Appropriations.) 
Armament. (See Armament and Equipment,) 
Attendance at military schools and colleges. 

(See Schools, Service; Schools, Garrison.) 
Board of officers- 
Appointment to determine needs of, 36, 393-395. 
Camps of instruction. (See Camps of Instruction, 

Joint; Encampments, IState.) 
Classes of— 

Organized, 17, 19, 221. 

Reserve, 17, 221. 
Claims. (See Claims.) 
Composition, 17, 19, 221, 225. 
Conditions to be met to participate in appropriar 

tion, 13, 148. 
Conformity to Regular Army in organization, 

armament, and discipline, 19, 221. 
Constitutional provisions pertaining to, 1-6. 
Courts-martial — 

Membership when in ITnited States service, 24, 
373. 

Refusal or neglect to report for m,uster, 23. 
Designation by State, 17, 19, 221. 
Detail of army officers to attend encampments, 

35, 251. 
Encampments. (See Ericampments, State; Camps 

of Instruction, Joint.) 
Enlisted strength. (See Enlisted Strength.) 
Entrancefees, small-arms competitions, payment, 

302. 
Excess expenses of Regular Army officers inspect- 
ing, 170(c). 
Executive power vested in President of United 

States, 4. 
Exemptions from service, 18, 222. 
Experimental stores and suppUes not issued to, 61. 



Militia— Continued. 

Funds. (See Funds.) 

Inspections- 
Annual (section 14, miUtia law), 30, 34, 89-104. 
Field (section 3, militia law), 351-358. 
Field-artillery matfiriel, 79-87. 

Inspectors of small-arms practice authorized, 19. 

Instruction — 
Detail of enlisted men of Regular Army, 36, 349, 

350. 
Detail of officers of Regular Army, 36. 
Field or camp service for, 250-281. 

Issues. (See Issues; Public Property.) 

Joint exercises. (See Camps of Instruction, Joint.) 

Maneuvers. (See Camps of Instruction, Joint.) 

Mobilization for United States service, 363. 

Muster into United States service, penalty for re- 
fusal or neglect to appear, 23. 

Naval. (See Naval Militia.) 

Officers. (See Commissioned Officers.) 

Organization. (See Organization; and under dif- 
ferent arms of service.) 

Pay. (See Pay.) 

Pension laws, benefits of, 38, 374. 

Power of Congress over, 3. 

President of United States- 
Authority over, 4, 5, 7-10, 19-31, 360. 

Public property. (See Public Property.) 

PubUcations. (See Publications.) 

Reports. (See Reports.) 

Requisitions. (See Public Property; Requisi- 
tions.) 

Returns. (See Returns.) 

Right of people to keep and bear arms, 2. 

Sales of mihtary suppUes to individual members 
not authorized, 56. 

Small-arms competitions. (See Small-arms Com- 
petitions.) 

Staffs of governors- 
Distinction as to officers, 226. 

Strength. (See Enlisted Strength.) 

Surveying officer. (See Surveying Officers.) 

United States service. (See United States Service.) 

Use of shooting galleries and target ranges of Reg- 
ular Army, 131. 

Use in execution of United States laws, suppress- 
ing insurrections, repelling invasions, 3 (a). 

Vacancies, temporary, do not constitute noncom- 
formity in organization, 233. 

When a part of National forces, 360. 

Youths under IS not ehgible to benefits of federal 
laws for, 254. 
Militia Law: 

Amended by act of May 27, 1908, 16. 
Mining', Blasting, and Demolition Outfits: 

For engineer company, components, 249. 
Minors: 

Enlistment, A. W. 3. 

Youths under 18 not eligible to benefits of federal 
laws for Organized Militia, 254. 
Mobilization for United States Service. (See 

United States Service.) 
Money Orders: 

For purchase of military stores, ho w drawn, 54. 
Moneys, Pnblic. (See Funds.) 
Musicians, Company: 

Arms and equipments for field service, 242 (e). 

Members of organizations, 234-240. 



168 



INDEX. 



Muster: 

Absence from, to be covered by certificate of com- 
manding ofBcer, A. ^y. 12. 
Camps of instruction, 280. 
Muster-in: 
United States service — 
Penalty for refusal or neglect to appear for, 23. 
Regulations governing, 363-365, 370. 
Muster-out: 
United States service — 
Regulations governing, 368-370. 
Muster Rolls; 
Camps of instruction, preparation, 280. 
United States service, preparation, 364. 
National Board lor Promotion of Rifle Practice: 
Rules promulgatedby, to govern rifle clubs, 54(b) 
National Guard: 

Designation of Organized Militia, 19, 221. 
National Match: 
Admission of militia to army field hospitals, 277. 
Expenses of members of Organized Militia, not 

members of teams, 300. 
Pay, subsistence, and transportation of troops 

attending, 287. 
Purpose, 290. 

Sleeping-car accommodations, 299. 
Subsistence, expenditures tor, 298. 
Trophies, medals, and prizes, how provided, 291. 
When and where held, 289. 
National Militia Board: 
Allowances to members, 395. 
Authority for, 36. 
Expenses, how met, 36. 
Organization, 393. 
Rendition of accounts, 395. 
Report to be made to Congress by Secretary of 

War, 36, 386 (b). 
Rules governing action, 394. 
National Rifle Association of America: 
Payment of entrance fees to competitions eon- 
ducted by, 302. 
Naval Militia: 
Exchange of arms not authorized, 03. 
Not part of the Organized Militia, 63. 
Stores not sold for use of, 63. 
Noncommissioned Offlcers (see also Enlisted Men): 
Militia — 
Arms and equipments for field service, 242. 
Field kit for special arms and special grades, 

243 (d). 
Poststafi, attached to proper departments, 229. 
Regular Army — 
Detail with militia for instructional purposes, 
regulations governing, 349, 350. 
Nurse Corps, Female: 

Regular Army, composition, p. 132. 
Offlccr: 

Definition of teizn, p. 142. 
Officers, Marine Corps. (See Commissioned 

Officers.) 
Officers, Militia. (See Commissioned Officers.) 
Offlcers, Regular Army. (See Commissioned 

OJJicers.) 
Offlcers, Retired, Militia: 
Ineligible to act as surveying officers, 113. 
Regular and Volunteer Forces- 
Entitled to official rank, p. 135. 



Officers, United States Service.' (See Commis- 
sioned Officers.) 
Ordnance and Ordnance Stores: 

Purchase, instructions, 54. 
Ordnance Department: 

Inspection of field artillery matSriel, 78 to XS. 
Officers of, detail as inspectors of small-arms prac- 
tice, 229. 
Ordnance sergeants, members of, 229. 
Organization, 229. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Organization (see also under different arms of 
service): 
Ambulance company, 231. 
Brigade and staff, 228. 
Cavalry, 237. 
Coast artillery, 239, 240. 
Conformity to Regular Army, 19, 221. 
Corps of engineers, 234. 
Division and staff, 227. 
Field artillery, 238. 
Field hospital, 232. 
Hospital corps, 230 (b). 
Infantry, 236. 

Machine-gun companies, 236, 237. 
Medical corps, 230 (a). 
Medical department, 230 to 232. 
Power of Congress to provide for, 3 (b). 
Regular Army, composition, pp. 127-133. 
Signal corps, 235. 
Staff corps and departments, 229. 
Temporary vacancies do not constitute noncon- 
formity. 233. 

Organized Militia (see Militia). 
Packing: 

Small-arms, cost, 54 (d). 
Packing Boxes: 

Empty zinc-lined, return to arsenals, 295. 
Pay: 
Camps of instruction, joint (section 15, militia 
Jaw)— 
Appropriation "Encampment and Maneuvers, 
Organized Militia," how disbursed, 265, 269- 
271. 
Authorized for members of militia, 31, 269. 
Muster rolls, preparation, 280. 
Officers not belonging to organizations attend- 
ing, 278. 
Payments from both state and federal funds, 

270, 271. 
Period for which given, 280. 
Previous service not considered, 271. 
Requirement as to service previous to, 280. 
Civilian employees — 

Small-arms competitions, 287. 
Field or camp service for instruction (section 14, 
militia law)— 
Actual number of days to govern, 257, 
Allowed offlcers only when actually on duty, 

262. 
Authorized, 30, 250. ' 

District of Columbia Militia, civil employees of 

the United States, 259. 
Fines to he deducted, 261. 
How disbursed, 253. 
Militiamen attending army .service schools not 

entitled to, 255. 
Rate, 257-260. 



INDEX. 



169 



Pay— Continued. 
National Militia Board, 36, 395. 
Officers engaged in acquiring and developing 

shooting galleries and target ranges, 134. 
Organizations mustered into service of United 

States, 26, 27, 366, 367. 
Small-arms competitions and camps of instruction 

in rifle practice, 286, 287. 
Teams participating in National Match, 289. 
Pay Department: 
Organization, 229. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Regular Army, composition, p. 133. 
Pay Rolls: 
Abstracts of pay, preparation, 197. 
Preparation, 198, 199. 
Penitentiaries: 

Sentence of imprisonment in, A. W. 97. 
Pension Laws: 
Benefits of, to militia in service of United States, 
38, 374. 
Philippine Islancis: 

Enlistment of natives in Regular Army, p. 136. 
Photographic Outfit: 

For engineer company, prescribed, 249. 
Physical Examinations: 
Character of, for enlistments, to be reported by 

inspecting officers, 100. 
Muster-in to United States service, 23, 363. 
Muster-out of United States service, 369. 
Prior to attendance of troops at encampments, 
352. 
Pioneer and Intrenching Outfit: 

For engineer company, prescribed, 249. 
Porto Rico: 
Provisional Regiment of Infantry, authority for, 
p. 136. 
President of United States: 
Authority over militia, whence derived, 360. 
Authority to call forth the militia— 
Of any State to suppress insurrection in any 

other State, 8. 
To compel departure of foreign vessels from 

United States, 7. 
To enforce laws and suppress rebellions, 9. 
To repel invasions, 20. 

To suppress insurrection, domestic violence, 

unlawful combinations, or conspiracies, 10. 

Authority to fix minimum enlisted strength of 

militia organizations in time of peace, 19. 
Authority to fix period of militia service, 21. 
Commander in chief of militia when called into 

United States service, 5. 
Executive power vested in, 4. 
Prisoners: 
May. challenge members of courts-martial, A. W. 

88. 
Name and crime to be reported, A. W, 08. 
Provost-marshal or guard officers to receive, 

A. W. 67. 
Refusal to plead in courts-martial, A. W. 89. 
Release without authority, A. W. 69. 
Private Property: 
Not leased, occupied by troops in maneuvers, 266, 
Waste or spoil, A. W. 55, 59. 



Prizes: 

Authority for purchase, small-arms competitions, 
287. 

National Match, provided for by Congress, 291. 
Profanity: 

Penalty for use, A. W. 53. 
Promotion of Rifle Practice. (See also Appro- 
priations: Funds): 

Allotment available for travel expenses of officers 
while acquiring and developing shooting gal- 
leries and target ranges, 133. 

Allotment for, to be used for no other purpose, 296. 

Appropriation available for, 13. 

Funds not available for payment of stipulated 
sums for shots fired on range, 303. 

Transfer of funds for, from allotment for Arms, 
Equipments, and Camp Purposes, 182. 
Provisional Forces: 

Requirements, p. 136. 
Provisional Small-A'-ras Firing Manual, 1909: 

Applicable to militia, 285. 

Approval of course prescribed for revolver prac- 
tice, 307. 
Public Property: 

Accountability- 
Changed by transfer, 77. 
Company commanders, A. W. 10. 
Definition, 66. 
Issue of instructions, 67. 
Regulations to govern, 69, 70. 
Relief from, 107, 125. 
Returns to show, 70. 
Where vested, 14, 29, 64. 

Action in case of loss, destruction, unserviceable, 
or unsuitable condition, 15, 72, 105-127. 

Affidavit to cover destruction, 109. 

Affidavits required of responsible officers, 114. 

Approval of report of surveying officer by Secre- 
tary of War, 116. 

Charge of value, for loss due to avoidable causes, 
125. 

Classification, acted on by surveying officers, 115, 
116. 

Condemned once, not to be again presented to 
surveying officer, 116. 

Condition to be shown in reports of surveying 
officers. 111. 

Damage to, during joint encampment, how paid, 
266. 

Destruction of clothing infected with contagious 
diseases, 117. 

Disposition of— 
By enlisted men, Regular Army, trial by court- 
martial, A. W. 16, 17. 
Condemned, 15, 109. 

Recommendation by surveying officers, 111. 
Supplies purchased from State funds, 56. 

Dropping, 105-127. 

Dropping from returns, when issued by State to 
persons not members of Organized Militia, 76. 

Funds- 
Collected from individuals for loss or destruc- 
tion, 122. 
Sales of condemned property, disposition, 15, 
119. 



170 



INDEX. 



Public Property— Continued. 
How acquired, 45. 

Inspectors, field-artillery materiel, 81. 
Instructions for safe-keeping, preservation, and 

accountability, 05, C7. 
Invoices and inventories of, taken by organiza- 
tions into United States service, 365. 
Invoices of and receipts for, how executed, 14, 62, 

68. 
Issues — 

Arms, equipments, and supplies, 29, 44. 

By States to persons not members of Organized 
Militia, 76. 

Clothing, 53. 

Experimental stores and supplies, 61. 

How charged, 45. 

Limited to standard articles, 57, 61. 

Publications and blank forms, 49-51. 

Reserve supply for field service, 98. 

Shipment, where made, 52. 

Suspension of, for failure to correct annual 
returns, 71. 
lioss of, through neglect, officer held responsible 

for, A. W. 15. 
Lost, destroyed, stolen, or unserviceable- 
Action taken, 105-126. 

Responsibility for, 72. 
Medical supplies, equipment for militia, 247. 
Obsolete to be turned in, 110. 
Protection, 65, 67, 75. 
Publications. (See Publications.) 
Purchase — 

Authority for, 33, -15 (d). 

By individuals not authorized, 56. 

Checks and money orders for, how drawn, 54. 
For rifle clubs, 54. 

From Regular Army while engaged in joint 
maneuvers, 55. 

Ordnance and ordnance stores, how obtained, 
54. 

Publications, 33, 51. 
Heplaceraent of, lost or destroyed through avoid- 
able causes, 107, 123. 
Hequisitions — 

Blank forms for, 48. 

Certificate on, 47. 

Clothing and supplies, how prepared, 59, 60. 

How su]:)raitted, 43, 44. 

Preparation, 45, 47. 

When submitted, 58. 
Responsibility- 
Bonding officers, 121. 

Defined, 60. 

Relation between ofiicers and States, 74. 

Relief from, 112.. 

Report of surveying officer to show personal, 111. 
Returns- 
Annual, required, 14, 29, 45, 6S, 70. 

Blank forms for, 09, 386 (e). 

Date of rendition, 70, 386 (e). 

Examination and correction, 71. 
Sales— 

To naval militia not authorized, 63. 
Sales of condemned- 
Advertisement, 118. 

Blank forms for, 120. 

Proceeds, disposition, 15, 109, 119. 



Public Property— Continued. 
Sales of condemned— Continued. 
Reports on, 120. 
Secretary of War to direct, 109. 
Surveying officer to recommend manner, 111. 
Supply bureaus enumerated, 46. 
Survey proceedings. (See Survey Proceedings-) 
Taken from enemy, to be secured for service of 

United States, A. W. 9. 
To remain property of United States when issued 

against federal appropriations, 68. 
Transfer, requirements, 66, 77. 
Transportation for repair or replacement, cost of , 

how met, 73. 
Transportation of unserviceable or unsuitable 

articles turned in to Arsenal or Depot, 109. 
Uniforms. (See Uniforms, Clothing.) 
Publications: 
Cash purchases, 33, 51. 
Issued to militia by Division of Militia Affairs, 

50, 51. 
Issued to militia by War College Division, General 

Staff, 51. 
Issues under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 

amended, 33. 
Obsolete, may be dropped, 108. 
Requisitions for, how made, 49. 
Survey proceedings on, 108. 
Purchases. (Sec Public Property.) 
Quarrels: 

Quelling, A. W. 24. 
Quarters: 
Commutation- 
Officers attending army service schools, 32, 314, 
341. 
Troops engaged in small-arms practice not 
afiowed, 286. 
Quartermaster's Department: 
Organization, 229. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Regular Army, composition, p. 130. 
Rank and Command: 
Joint camps of instruction, 274. 
Joint duty, different corps, A. W. 122. 
Relative, A. W. 124. 
Rations (see also Subsistence): 
Allowance at mobilization rendezvous, 362 (b). 
Field allowance for all arms, 243. 
Regular Army, p. 137. 
Rebellion: 

Suppression, 9, 20, 
Receipts: 

Public property, how executed, 14, 62, 68. 
Reconnaissiince Outfit: 

For engineer company, prescribed, 249. 
Record and Pension Office: 

War Department, composition, p. 133. 
Records: 
Small-arms practice, 286. 

Supply departments, transactions to be kept 
separate for each, 46. 
Recruiting' Stations: 
Regular Army — 
Enlisted force, detail for duty, p. 135. 
Reg:lments, Organization. (See under arijis of 

service). 
Regular Army; 
Absence men from muster, A, W. 12. 



INDEX. 



171 



Ke^lar Army— Continued. 

Act to increase efficiency of the Medical Depart- 
ment of. pp. 140-142. 

Act to increase efficiency of, pp. 127-137. 

Act to reorganize and increase efficiency of the 
artillery of, pp. 137-140. 

Appointment in, of brigadier-generals of volunteer 
forces, p. 135. 

Artillery- 
Reorganization act, pp. 137-140. 

Badges, distinctive, authority for wearing, p. 137. 

Chaplains- 
Appointment, p. 129. 
Artillery Corps, p. 140. 
Assignment, p. 130. 

Enlisted men. (See Enlisted Men; Noncommis- 
sioned Officers.) 

Enlistments in Philippine Islands of natives, p. 
136. 

Enlistments in, oath required of soldiers, A. W.2. 

Intoxicating liquors, sale, when prohibited, p. 
137. 

Medical Reserve Corps, p. 141-142. 

Nurse Corps, Female, composition, p. 132. 

Officers. (See Commissioned Officers.) 

Porto Rico Provisional Regiment of Infantry, au- 
thority for, p. 136. 

Staff departments, chiefs, appointment, p. 134. 
Religious Services: 

Attendance, A. W. 52. 
Rendezvous: 

Location, for United States service, 363. 
Rent: 

For buildings on target ranges, covered by lease, 
136. 

Lands leased, payment in advance authorized, _ 
136. 
Reports: 

Adjutants- General — 
Abstracts to be furnished to Congress, 28, 385 

(a). 
Enlisted men of army detailed, under section 

20, militia law, 350, 386 (d). 
Submission to Secretary of War, 2S, 224, 386. 

Army officers detailed to attend camps of instruc- 
tion, 251. 

Coast and field artillery practice, 306. 

Drills, target practice, and' field instruction, 
386 (c). 

Disbursing officers, 188, 387. 

Encampments, army officers attending, 35, 251. 

Enlisted men detailed to instruct militia, 350. 

Inspections- 
Action on, 94, 97. 

Annual (section 14, militia law), 30, 34, 148 (d). 
Clothing allowance based on, 53. 
Field (section 3, militia law), 352, 357. 
Field-artillery materiel by officers of Ordnance 
Department, 81. 

Officers attending army garrison schools, 345. 

Organized strength, 386 (a). 

Public property taken by organizations into 
United States service, 365. 

Required to be made by adjutants-general, 386. 

Sales of condemned property, 120. 

Secretary of War to Congress, 385. 

Small-arms firing, 386 (b). 



Reports— Continued . 
Small-arms practice, to govern issues of ammuni- 
tion, 293. 
Surveying officers. (See Surveying Officers.) 
Requisitions. (See also Pv^lic Property): 
Blank forms for, enumeration of, 48. 
Certificate on, 47. 
Clothing- 
Arms of service to be given, 60. 
Blank form for, 59. 

Issues limited to clothing allowance, 53. 
Requirements in preparation, 47, 59. 
Dress uniforms, how procured, 53. 
Funds- 
Estimates to accompany, 160. 
To be submitted in advance of needs, 161, 162. 
Military stores and supplies- 
Available for issue under — 
Section 1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, 

43, 45. 
Act of May 27, 1908, 44. 
Joint encampments of instruction, 2C8. 
Requirements for preparation, 47, 53. 
Preparation, 4rF-48. 

Publications and blank forms, how made, 49. 
Purpose of, and when submitted, 58. 
Reserve .Militia. (See Militia). 
Responsibility. (See Public Property.) 
Returns: 
Abstracts of adjutants-general, to be furnished to 

Congress by Secretary of War, 28, 385 (a). 
Blanks for, charged against state's allotment, 70. 
False statements, officers subject to punishment 

for, A. W. 8. 
Invoices and receipts for property taken by or- 
ganizations into United States service, 3f>5. 
Penalty envelopes, use in forwarding, 388. 
Public property — 
Blanks for rendition, 69. 
Examination, 71. 
Issues of, to be accounted for, 6S. 
Rendition, 70, 386 (e). 
Separate for each class of property, 46. 
Rendition by officers of Regular Army, officers 

absent from post, A. W. 7. 
Required to be made b}^- 
Adjutants-general, 28, 224, 38S. 
Disbursing oTicers, 387. 
Revised Statutes: 

Applicable to militia, 7-42. 
Revolver Practice. (See Small-Arms Practice.) 
Rifle Clubs: 
Purchase of ordnance stores, 54. 
Use of shooting galleries and target ranges of 
Regular Army, 131. 
Rifle Fire: 

Importance of proficiency in, 282-284. 
Scliools, Garrison: 
Attendance, officers of militia^ 
Allowances, 341. 
Authority for, 32. 
Regulations governing, 333-345. 
Withdrawal of authority, 339. 
Schools, Service: 
Attendance, enlisted men of militia — 
Allowances, 32, 348. 
Authority for, 32, 346. 



172 



INDEX. 



Schools, Service— Continued. 
Attendance, enlisted men of militia— Continued. 
Not actual camp or field service for instruction, 

255. 
Regulations governing, 348. 
Schools designated, 347. 
Attendance, officers of militia- 
Allowances, 32, 314. 
Authority for, 32, 308. 
Eligible class, volunteer force, 379. 
Enumeration of schools, 309. 
General requirements, 311-315. 
Not actual camp or field service for instruction, 

255. 
Register of graduates, 332. 
Regulations governing, 310. 
Special requirements, 316-332. 
AA'ithdrawal of authority, 330. 
Secretary of War: 
Authority for— 
Action on survey proceedings, 15,107,109,116, 

124. 
Appointment of board of militia officers to de- 
termine needs of Organized Militia, 36. 
Appointment of board for examination of ap- 
plicants for commissions in volunteer forces, 
39, 382. 
Approval of acquisition of shooting galleries 

and target ranges, 129. 
Detail of army officers to attend encampments 

of Organized Militia, 35. 
Detail of army officers and enlisted men for 

instruction of Organized Militia, 36. 
Execution of presidential orders, 360. 
Fixing an annual clothing allowance, 29, 126. 
Inspection of Organized Militia, 30, 89. 
Issue of stores, under section 1661, Revised 

Statutes, as amended, 29. 
Prescribing amount of ammunition for instruc- 
tion and target practice during encampments 
at army posts, 37. 
Procurement and issue of military supplies, act 

of May 27, 1908, 14. 
Providing for joint camps of instruction, 31. 
Purchase or manufacture of arms and stores, 14. 
Relief from accountability for public property, 

125. 
Sale of condemned property, 118. 
Use of shooting galleries and target ranges of 
Regular Army by militia organizations, 131. 
Reports to be made to Congress, 28, 36, 385. 
Shooting Galleries and Target Ranges (see also 
Small-Arms Practice): 
Acquisition, 128-138. 
Animals, purchase not allowed as a charge against 

allotment, 144. 
Appropriation available for acquisition, contsruc- 
tion, maintenance, and equipment, 13, 128, 130. 
Buildings, construction of, when and when not 

proper charge against allotment, 139. 
Buildings on, rental covered by lease, 136. 
Civilian employees, pay, HO. 
Damages to leased property, 141. 
Expenses of officers engaged in acquiring and de- 
veloping, 133. 
Expenses of adapting premises rented at state 
encampments, 142. 



Shooting Galleries and Target Ranges— Cont'd. 

Insurance on buildings, 145. 

Leases, execution and approval, 137. 

Maintenance, 139-145. 

Pay for services in connection with acquisition, 
maintenance, and operation, 134, 301. 

Regular Army, use by militia organizations, 131, 

Rental, how paid, 136, 138. 

Requisition for funds, 159, 160. 

Supplies- 
Expense of transportation and storage, 143. 

Title to property, 129, 130, 132. 

Title papers, expense of preparation, 135. 

Transportation of disbursing officers engaged in 
acquirmg and developing, 212. 
Signal Corps: 

Arms and equipments, 242 (b, c), 246. 

Organization, 235. 

Part of Organized Militia, 225. 

Regular Army, composition, p. 133. 
Signatures: 

Of vouchers to agree vdth creditors', 207. 

By mark, witness to, 208. 

Disbursing officers, official, should be furnished 
depositary, 169. 

Examples of proper, 207. 
Sleeping-Car Accommodations: 

Members of rifle teams, National Match, 299. 
Small-Arms: 

Cost of packing added to selling price, 54 (d). 

Evidence in case of loss or theft, 112. 

Request for purchase of, how made, 54 (a). 
Small-Arms Competitions: 

Classes, 289. 

National rifle contests, admission of militia to 
army hospitals at, 277. 

Payment of entrance fees, 302. 

Transportation of rifle teams over land-grant or 
bond-aided railroads, 297. 
Small-Arms Practice (see also Shooting Galleries and 
Target Ranges): 

Allotment not available to pay militia for shots 
fired on range , 303. 

Ammunition allowance, bow fixed, 294. 

Ammunition for militia troops during encamp- 
ments at army posts, 37. 

Annual report, rendition, 386 (b). 

At military posts or camps of United States to be 
under direction of army officers, 292. 

Competitions, classes, 289. 

Condition to govern defraying of expenses inci- 
dent to, 286. 

tourses of instruction, 285 

Facilities for, to be reported by inspectors, 101. 

Insignia, 288. 

Inspectors of— 
Authority for, 19. 
Pay while engaged in promotion of, 304. 

Number of assemblies for, required annually, 34, 
99, 148 (c). 

Pay, civilian employees, 287. 

Pay, subsistence, and transportation, in connec- 
tion with, 287. 

Quarters during, rent or hire prohibited, 286. 

Rental of target ranges, in encampments for, 138. 

Reports of, to govern issues of ammunition under 
act of May 27. 1908, 293. 



INDEX. 



173 



Small- Arms Practice— Continued. 
Revolver, course of instruction, 307. 
Special Course C prescribed, 285. 
Soldier: 

Definition of term, p. 142. 
Spies: 

Penalty, p. 155. 
Staff Corps and Departments: 
Composition, 229. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Stair Departments: 
Regular Army— 
CMefs, appointments of, p. 134. 
Vacancies in, how filled, p. 134. 
Staff Officers. (See Commissioned Officers.) 
Staffs of Governors: 

Distinction as to officers on, 226. 
Strength. (See Enlisted Strength.) 
Storage: 
Facilities, for property called for on requisitions, 

47 (b), 89. 
Supplies for target ranges, expense of, 143. 
Storerooms: 

Issue of keys restricted, 75. 
Stores and Supplies (see also Public Property): 
Ammunition allowance available for procure- 
ment, 293. 
Cost of transportation of ordnance and ordnance 

stores, added to listed prices, 54 (c, d). 
Obtained under act of May 27, 1908, 29. 
Obtained under section 1661, Revised Statutes, as 

amended, 33, 170 (a). 
Purciiase in open marliet not autliorized, 171. 
Purchases for cash, 33. 
Reimbursement to officers for purchase of, from 

private funds, 279. 
Use at joint camps of instruction, 268. 
Subsistence (see also Rations): 
Basis of estimates for camp purposes, 160. 
Camps of instruction for rifle practice, 286, 287. 
Commutation- 
Enlisted men members of rifle teams, 298. 
Militia admitted to army hospitals, 277. 
Militia members attending army service schools 

and colleges, 32, 314. 
Militia officers attending garrison schools, 32, 
344. 
Encampments and joint camps of instruction, 30, 

170 (b), 250, 253, 269. 
State teams participating in National Match, 
289. 
Subsistence Department: 
Organization, 229. 
Part of Organized Militia, 225. 
Regular Army- 
Composition, p. 131. 
Substitutes: 

Hire of, for duty prohibited, A. W. 36, 37. 
Summary Court: 
Appointment, A. W. 80. 
Jurisdiction, A. W. 83. 
Sureties: 
Acceptance of corporate, on bonds of disbursing 

officers, 153. 
Maximum rate of premiums on bonds, 155, 156. 
Requirements governing bonding of disbursing 
officers, 152. 



Surveying Officers: 

Detail, 15, 100. 
Duties, 106, 109, 111, 112. 
Eligibility, requirements, 113. 
Reports- 
Approval of Secretary of War, 116. 
Preparation, 106, 111, 112, 114. 
Survey Proceedings: 
Action in case of theft or embezzlement, 112. 
Action talcen by Secretary of War on property 

covered by, 107. 
Blank forms, 106. 
Classification of property damaged, lost, or 

destroyed, 115, 116. 
Directions for, 15, 105-125. 
Disposition of public property, 109. 
Dropping of property from annual returns, 105. 
Final action on, by the War Department, 124. 
Loss of small arms, 112. 
Publications, 108. 

Separate reports for each class of property, 46, 106. 
Transportation on unserviceable property turned 
in, 109. 
Target Practice. (See Small-Arms Practice.) 
Target Ranges. (See Shooting Galleries and Target 

Ranges.) 
Tentage: 
Allowances- 
Field service, 244 (b). 
Hospital, 244 (c). 

Permanent or maneuver camps, 244 (a). 
Territorial Districts: 

List of, for inspection and repair of field artillery 
materiel, 79. 
Territories: 
Method of apportionment of funds under section 
1661, Revised Statutes, as amended, 146; 147. 
Text-Books: 

Officers attending garrison schools, 342. 
Thefts: 

Public moneys by disbursing officers, 166. 
Public property, action of surveying officers, 112. 
Tools: 
For camp and garrison purposes, 244 (d). 
Intrenching, infantry, 243 (a). 
Traders: 

Violence to, in foreign lands, A. W. 56. 
Training, Military: 

Conformity with Regular Army, 19, 101. 
Transportation: 
Bond-aided railroads, 297. 
Camps of instruction, 31, 269. 
Cost, added to listed prices of supplies, 33, 54 (c, d). 
Disbursing officers, when entitled to, 212. 
Encampments, funds for, 30. 
Field or camp service for instruction, payment 

170 (b), 250, 253, 258. 
Land-grant railroads, 272, 297. 
Materials for repair of field batteries, 78, 86. 
Mileage, officers attending camps of instruction 

281. 
Mobilization for United States service, 362 (c). 
Mounted officers, field instruction, 256. 
Property turned in to United States arsenal for 

repairs, 74, 
Rifle teams, over land-grant and bond-aided rail- 
roads, 297. 



174 



INDEX. 



Transportation— Continued . 

Small-arms practice, 286, 287. 

State teams participating in National Match, 289. 

Supplies for target ranges, after delivery, 143. 

Unserviceable property turned in, 109. 

Wagon, during practice marcties, 258. 
Transportation Requests: 

Alterations and erasures, 213. 
Travel Allowances: 

Enlisted men attending army service schools, 32, 
348. 

Members of National Militia Board, 36, 395. 

Officers acquiring and developing shooting gal- 
leries and target ranges, 133. 

Officers attending army garrison schools, 32, 341. 

Officers attending army service schools, 32, 314. 
Travel Rations: 

Officers provided with funds for purchase of coffee 
and components of, not required to give bond, 
158. 
Treasury Department: 

Action on requisitions for funds, 161. 
Trials: 

Second, same offense, forbidden, A. W. 102. 
Troop. (See Organization.) 
Trophies: 

National Match, provided for by Congress, 291. 
Trumpeters: 

Arms and equipments, 242 (e). 
Uniforms (see also Clothing): 

Army regulations as to, should be followed, 241. 

Dress, not included in clothing allowance, 53. 

Officers attending army service schools, 313. 

Officers attending army garrison schools, 342. 
United States: 

Claims, false or fraudulent, against, A. W. 60. 

Invasion of, authority of President to call forth 
militia, 20, 359, 360. 
United States Property. (See Public Property.) 
United States Service: 

Apportionment of militia when called in to, 
22, 359. 

Armament, equipment, and supplies, militia 
organizations, 362. 

Articles of War to govern militia, 25, 372. 

Composition of forces, 11. 

Courts-martial membership, 24, 373. 

Conformity of militia to army organization, 371. 

Justification for calling forth militia, 360. 

Medical Reserve Corps, p. 142. 

Mobilization, 359-374. 

Muster in, 363, 364, 370. 

Muster out, 368-370. 

Muster rolls, preparation, 364. 

Occasions for calling forth militia, 7-10. 

Pay, date of commencement, 27, 367. 

Pay and allowances of militia when called forth, 26. 

Payments, militia, how made, 366. 

Penalty for neglect to appear for muster, 23. 

Pensions, 3G9, 374. 

Pension laws, members of militia entitled to bene- 
fits', 38. 

Period for militia, 21, 

Physical examinations, 23, 363, 369. 

Plan for armament, equipment, supplies, and 
transportation, 362. 



United States Service— Continued. 
Points of concentration, 363. 
President, commander-in-chief, 360. 
Property to be invoiced and inventoried, 365, 
Strength of militia organizations for, 361. 
Subsistence at rendezvous, 362 (b). 
Transportation to place of concentration, 362 (c). 
Utensils: 

For camp and garrison purposes, 244 (d). 
Vacancies in Organizations: 

Temporary, do not constitute nonconformity, 233.. 
Veterinarians: 
Regular Army, p. 132. 
Status, as members of cavalry and field artillery 

regiments, 237, 238. 
Violence: 
Against superior officers. Regular Army, A. W. 

21. 
Against traders in foreign ports, A. W. 56. 
Suppression of domestic, 10. 
Volunteer Forces: 
Age limit for commissions, 39, 380. 
Allowances, 39, 379. 
Brigadier-generals, appointment in Regular 

Army, p. 135. 
Commissions in, 39, 375-384. 
Eligible class- 
Attendance at army service schools, 379. 

Examination, 39, 376. 

Register of, 378. 
Examining boards — 

Applicants for eonunissions, 382. 

Organization, 383. 

Proceedings, 383. 

Rules, 384. 
List of persons qualified, 375. 
Members of militia, when eligible for enlistment, 

371. 
Officers, honorably discharged, entitled to official 

rank, p. 135. 
Organization, 40. 

Reports on examinations of eligibles, 377. 
Voucliers (see also Disbursing Officers): 
Certification, 209. 
Erasures, 206. 

Examples of proper signing, 207. 
Payments for property for shooting galleries and 

target ranges, 129. 
Required to be numbered, 206. 
When prices of articles billed should be shown, 

206. 
Written in pencil, not acceptable, 206. 
War Department: 
Eligibles for volunteer forces, register kept in, 

377. 
Relation to Organized Militia, 1. 
Supply bureaus- 
Enumeration of, 46. 

List of blank forms for requisitions. 48- 
Watchword: 

Disclosing or changing, A. W. 44. 
Witnesses, Civilian: 

Refusal to testify, how punishable, p. 155. 
Writs of Attachment: 
Power to issue, p. 155. 



O