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THE 

REGIMENTAL RECORDS 



OF THE 



BRITISH ARMY. 



Publisher's Announcement. 



British Regiments in War and Peace. 

I. THE RIFLE BRIGADE. By Walter Wood. 
Crown 8vo., cloth, 3^-. 6ii. 
II. THE NORTHUMBERLAND FUSILIERS. By 
Walter Wood. Crown 8vo., cloth, y. 6d. 

Tlie Campaign of 1815. By W. O'Connor Morris. 
With Maps. Demy 8vo., cloth, 12s. 6d. net. 

Tlie Sword and the Centuries; or, Old Sword Days 
and Old Sword Ways. By Captain Hutton, F.S.A. 
Illustrated. Demy 8vo., cloth. 

Modern Weapons and Modern War. By I. S. Block. 
With an Introduction by W. T. Stead. Illustrated. Crown 
8vo., cloth, 6s. (Second Edition.) 

The Story of Baden=Powell. By Harold Begbie. 
Illustrated. Crown 8vo., cloth, 3J. 6(/. (Third Edition.) 

-Sir George White, V.C. By Thomas F. G. Coates. 
Illustrated. Crown 8vo., cloth, 3^. 6d. 

Queen or President? An Indictment of Paul Kruger. 

By S. M. Gluckstein. With Portrait. Crown 8vo., cloth 
2s. 6d. 

Majuba: The Story of the Boer. War of 1881. By 

Hamish Hendry. Illustrated. Crown 8vo., cloth, zj. 

The New Battle of Dorking. By ****. Crown 8vo., 
paper covers, is. ; cloth, is. 6d. (Second Edition.) 



London : 
GRANT RICHARDS, 9, Henrietta Street, W.C. 



THE 



REGIMENTAL RECORDS 



OF THE 



BRITISH ARMY 

B Iblstorical IResume Cbronologicall^ Hrranget) 

OF 

TITLES, CAMPAIGNS, HONOURS, UNIFORMS, 
FACINGS, BADGES, NICKNAMES, ETC. 



JOHN S;; FARMER. 



LONDON : 
GRANT RICHARDS, 9, HENRIETTA STREET. 

1901. 

P 






A-y-^^i^o^i 



w w w w w w w 



I I I I I I I I 



CONTENTS. 



I 



PAGE 

I. THE CAVALRY .... . . . i 

II. THE ROYAL ARTILLERY . . .61 

III. THE ROYAL ENGINEERS . . . . . 65 

IV. THE FOOT GUARDS, ... 69 
V. TERRITORIAL REGIMENTS -77 

VI. THE ARMY SERVICE CORPS 221 

VII. THE DEPARTMENTS .225 

APPENDICES— 

(i) A Table giving former Numbers and Territorial 

Titles of the Foot Regiments . . . -233 

(2) The Order of Precedence of the Territorial Regiments 237 



I. 

THE CAVALRY. 



^be ifirst OLife 6narb£i. 




The Royal Arms. 



TITLES. 
1660-85. The ist, or His Majesty's Own Troop of Guards. 
1685-1788. The 1st Troop of Life Guards of Horse. 
1788 (from). The ist Life Guards. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



1673. Maestricht. 
1690. Boyne. 
1692-97. Flanders. 
1692. Steenkirk. 



* ' ' Honours ' on the Colours. 

1693. Near Landen. 
*T743. Dettingen. 
* 181 2-14. Peninsula. 
*i8i5. Waterloo. 



1815. Netherlands. 
^1882. Egypt. 
^1882. Tel-el-Kebir. 

1884-5. Khartoum. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1660). Facings, Blue (probably from 1660, certainly from 
1679). PI ume, "White . 

Regijiental Badge. — " The Royal Arms." 

Nicknames. — " The Cheeses : " when re-modelled in 1 7 88 the veterans declined to serve, 
alleging that the regiments of Life Guards then consisted of cheesemongers, not 
gentlemen ; also " The Piccadilly Butchers " (having been called out to quell the 
Piccadilly Riots in 1810); also "Tin Bellies" (from the cuirasses); also "The 
Patent Safeties." 

Notes. — Raised in Holland by Charles II., when in exile, and composed mainly of 
(80) Cavaliers who had fought in the Civil War under Charles I. The 3rd and 
4th (Scots) Troops of Life Guards, added at the Union, but disbanded in 1746, 
saw much service in Flanders (1742-47). The ist Life Guards wore cuirasses 
from its formation to 1698, and resumed them in 1821. 

B 



Zbe Seconb Xife (BuarDs. 




The Royal Arms. 



TITLES. 

1660-70. The 3rd, or The Duke of Albemarle's Troop of Guards. 
1670-85. The 2nd, or The Queen's Troop of Guards. 
1685-1746. The 2nd Troop of Life Guards of Horse : disbanded. 
1788 (from). The 2nd Life Guards. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1673. Maestricht. 
1689-90. Flanders. 
1689. Walcourt. 
1694-97. Flanders. 
1695. Namur. 
*i743. Dettingen. 



*i8i2-i4. Peninsula. 
*i8i5. Waterloo. 



* 



1 81 5. Netherlands. 
1882. Egypt. 
T882. Tel-el-Kebir. 
1884-5. Khartoum. 



3 

tCbe Seconb Xife (5i\avb5— confirmed. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1690). Facings, Sea-green (1660 to 1690-1742) in honotir 
of Queen Catherine ; blue (since 1742). Plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Royal Arms." 

Nickname. — (See note under " The First Life Guards.") 

Notes. — Similar in origin to " The First Life Guards," and composed of Cavaliers 
who, having served under Charles I., fled at his death, entering the Spanish 
service as " His Royal Highness The Duke of York's Troop of Guards." In 
1659 (when peace was declared) they retired to the Netherlands until reorganised 
by Charles IL in 1660 as "The Third Troop of Life Guards." In 1670 it 
became "The Second Troop,'' and was disbanded in 1746. Cuirasses were woni 
from 1660 to 1698, and were resumed in 1821. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the Life Guards. Containing an Account of 
the Formation of the Corps in the year 1660, and of its Subsequent Services to 
1835. [London: Clowes, 1836.] 



^be IRoi^al Iborse (Buarb^ {Zbc Blues). 




The Royal Arms. 



TITLES. 

1661-87. -I I'le Royal Regiment of Horse. 
1687-1750. The Royal Regiment of Horse Guards. 
1750-1819. The Royal Horse Guards Blue. 
1819 (from). The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



' Honoiivs " on the Colours. 



T685. Sedgemoor. 
1689-90. Flanders. 

1689. Walcourt. 

1690. Boyne. 

1691. Aughrim. 
1742-45. Flanders. 

*i743. Dettingen. 
1745. Fontenoy. 
1758-62. Germany. 

1759. Minden. 

1760. Warbourg. 



1884-85. Nile. 



1 761. Kirk Denkern. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 
1794-95. Flanders. 
1794. Cateau. 
1794. Tournay. 

"1812-14. Peninsula. 

1813. Vittoria. 

1815. Waterloo. 

1815. Netherlands. 
'"'1882. Egypt. 
*i8S2. Tel-el-Kebir. 



5 
Ube IRO^al "Iborse (SwaV^S— continued. 



Uniform. — Blue with Scarlet facings (from 1661). Plume, Red. 

Regimental Badge- — " The Royal Arras." 

Nicknames. — (i) The Oxford Blues, area 1690, from its Colonel's name, the Earl of 
Oxford, and in distinction to a blue habited Dutch Regiment commanded by 
the Earl of Portland; (2) The Blue Guards (1742-45) during the Campaign in 
Flanders ; and (3) The Blues — a present day sobriquet. 

Notes. — This is the only Cavalry Regiment now extant which formed part of the 
Parliamentary Army against Charles I., being then known as Colonel Unton 
Crook's Regiment. King William IV. presented the regiment with a Standard 
emblazoned with " Dettingen," " Minden,'' " Warbourg," " Cateau." It wore 
cuirasses from 1691 to 1698, and resumed them in 1821. 

Bibliography. — An Historical Record of The Royal Regiment of Horse Guards, or 
Oxford Blues. Its Services, and the transactions in which it has been engaged 
from its first establishment to the present time. By Edmund Packe, late Captain, 
Royal Horse Guards. [London : Clowes, 1834.] 



^be ifirst (JEbe Iking's) Dragoon (Buarbs. 




The Royal Cypher within the Garter. 



TITLES. 
1685-1714. The Queen's (or and) Regiment of Horse. 
1714-46. The King's Own Regiment of Horse. 
1746 (from). The ist King's Dragoon Guards. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

''' "Honours" on the Colours. 



1685. Sedgemoor. 
1690. Boyne. 
i6gi. Aughrim. 
1692-97. Flanders. 
1693. Neer Landen. 
1695. Namur. 
1702-14. Germany. 

1702. Li^ge. 

1703. Huy. 

1704. Schellenberg. 
*i7o4. Blenheim. 



1705. Neer Hespen. 
"1706. Ramilies. 
"*i7o8. Oudenarde. 

1708. Lisle. 

r7o9. Tournay. 
* 1709. Malplaquet. 

1 7 II. Bouchain. 

1742-46. Flanders. 
'-1743. Dettingen. 

1745. Fontenoy. 

1758-63. Germany. 



ITfje jfirst {TLbc Iking's) Bragooti 6uar5s— f^«A>«/«^. 



PRINCIPAL CAAIPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.— consumed. 



1759. Minden. 

1760. Corbach. 
1760. Warbourg. 

1 7 61. Kirk Denkem. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 

1763. Grcebenstein. 
1793-95- Flanders. 
1794. Caieau. 



1794. Tournay, 
*i8i5. Waterloo. 

1815. Netherlands. 
*i855. Sevastopol. 

i860. China. 
"■i860. Taku Forts. 
*i86o. Pekin. 
''1879. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1685). Facings, Bright Yellow (the Stuart livery, 1685- 
1714); Blue Velvet (from 1714). Helmet-plume, Red. 

REGiiiENTAL Badge. — " The Royal Cypher within the Garter." 

Nicknames. — "The Trades' Union'' (because employed to quell trade riots in the 
middle of the present century); "The K. D. G.'s" (its initials). 

Notes. — Raised chiefly near London during the Monmouth Rebellion, and 
designated "The Queen's Regiment of Horse," the then "King's Regiment" 
being " The Blues." Cuirasses were worn to 1698, and from 1704 to 17 14. The 
title was changed in 17 14 in recognition of brilliant services in Flanders and 
Germany. 

Bibliography. — Historical Records of the xst or King's Regiment of Dragoon Guards. 
From 1685 to 1836, Illustrated with plates. [London; Clowes, 1837.] 



^be Seconb 2)raaoon (Buarbs ((^ueen'e ISa^s). 




The Royal Cypher, within the Gartek. 



TITLES. 

1685-88. Colonel the Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Horse. 

1688-1715. The Third Regiment of Horse : also by its Colonel's name. 

1715-27. The Princess of Wales's Own Royal Regiment of Horse. 

1727-46. The Queen's Own Royal Regiment of Horse. 

1746-1872. The 2nd Queen's Dragoon Guards. 

1872 (from). The 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays). 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours. 

1690. Boyne. 17 10. Saragosa. 

1691. Aughrim. 1715. Stuart Rebellion. 
1695. Namur. 1745. Stuart Rebellion. 
1704-10. Spain. 1760-3. Germany. 
1707. Almanza. 1760. Corbach. 

1710. Almanara. 1760. Cassel. 



9 

Zbc Seconb Bragoon (Buarbs ((Siueen's JSays)— ^^"A«z/6'</. 

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, k.c.—coniimted. 

1760. Warbourg. i793- Dunkirk. 

1 761. Kirk Denkern. 17 94- Cateau. 

1762. "Wilhelmstahl. i794- Tournay. 

1763. GrcEbenstein. 1809. Flushing. 
1793- Valenciennes. 1858. Indian Mutiny. 
1793-5. Flanders. *i858. Lucknow. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1685). Facings, Scarlet (1685-1742); Buff (1742-1784) : 
Black Velvet (1784-1855) ; Buff (from 1855). Helmet-plume, Black. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Royal Cypher within the Garter." 

Nickname. — "The Bays." In 1767 an order was made for long-tailed bay mounts, 
other heavy regiments, except the Scots Greys, having black horses. Also " The 
Rusty Buckles." 

Notes. — Raised near London, amongst other troops of horse, by Sir Nicholas 
Wentworth. For three years cuirasses were worn. The facings were changed 
to buff between 1690 and 1742. The title in 1715 was given in recognition 
of its services at the battle of Preston; and that of 1727 on the accession of 
George II. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the 2nd, or Queen's Regiment of Dragoon 
Guards (Queen's Bays), 1685-1837. Illustrated with plates. [London : 
Clowes, 1837.] 



Zbe ^birb (^be iprince of Males'0) Dr^aooit (Buarbs. 




The Prince of Wales's Pi.ume. 




TITLES. 

1685-87. Colonel The Earl of Plymouth's Regiment of Horse. 
1687-1746. The 4th Regiment of Horse ; also by its Colonel's name. 
1746-65. The 3rd Regiment of Dragoon Guards. 
1765 (from). The 3rd (Prince of Wales's) Dragoon Guards. 



1689. Scotland. 
1691-97. Flanders. 

1692. Steenkirk. 

1693. Neer Landen. 
1695. Namur. 
1702-14. Germany. 

1704. Schellenberg. 
'■■1704. Blenheim. 

1705. Neer Hespen. 
■"■1706. Ramilies. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, B.\TTLES, &c. 

' " Honours" on the Colours. 

*i7o8. Oudenarde. 



1708. Wynendale. 
1708. Landau. 
J 708. Huy. 
1 708. Lisle. 
"1709. Malplaquet. 
1 7 10. Douai. 
1 7 10. Bethune. 

17 10. Aire. 

1 7 1 1 . Bouchain. 



Ube ZTbirt) (XEbe prince of Males's) Dragoon (Buar5s— ^''«/'>"/^'^. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sac— continued. 



1715 & '45. Jacobite risings. 
1758-63. Germany. 

1759. Minden. 

1760. Corbach. 

1760. AVarbourg. 

1761. Kirk-Denkern. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 

1763. Groebenstein. 
1793-95. Flanders. 



1793. Dunkirk. 

1794. Cateau. 
1794. Tournay. 

■''"1809-14. Peninsula. 
''1809. Talavera. 
'''1811. Albuera. 
"1 813. Vittoria. 
■""1868. Abyssinia. 



Uniform. — Starlet (from 1685). Facings, Light Green (1685-1765); Wliite (in 
1765 and 1785) ; Blue (in 1818-19) ; Yellow (from 1819). Helmet-plume, Black 
and Red. 

Regimental Badges. — "The Royal Cypher and Crown" (from 1685-1765); "The 
Prince of AVales's Plume," " The Rising Sun," " The Red Dragon "—ancient 
badges of the Princes of Wales. 

Nickname. — "The Old Canaries" (from the facings). 

Notes. — Formed from old Regiments of Horse raised in Worcestershire, Oxfordshire, 
Bedfordshire, and at St. Albans and Dorking; it wore cuirasses from 1685-88 
and from 1704-14. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the yd, or Prince of IVa/e^'s Regiment of Dragoon 
Guards. Illustrated with Plates. [London: Clowes, 1838.] 




The Red Dkagon. 



tbc jfourtb (IRopl dvisb) Dragoon (Buarbs. 



" Qf/is Separabitr 





The Harp and Crown. 



Thu Star of St. Patrxk. 



TITLES. 

1685-90. Colonel The Earl of Arran's Cuirassiers; also the Cth Horse. 

1690-1746. The Fifth Horse. 

1746-88. The ist Irish Horse, or The Blue Horse. 

1788 (from). The 4th Royal Irish Regiment of Dragoon Guards. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
* "Honours" on the Colours. 
1691-97. FLinders. 1812. Leira. 



1692. Steenkirk. 

1693. Neer Landen. 
1695. Namur. 

"1811-13. Peninsula. 
1812. Ciudad Rodrigo. 
1 81 2. Badajos. 



^1854. Balaclava. 
*i855. Sevastopol. 
"1882. Egypt. 
*i882. Tel-el-Kebir. 
1884-5. Nile 



TTbe jfourtf) (IRosal Jrisb) ©ragoon Guards -^"/////w/d-^. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1685). Facings, White (1685-1715); Light Blue (1715- 
1768); Dark Bhie (from 1768). Hehnet-plume, White. 

Regimental Badges. — " The Harp and Crown " (on the accession of Her Majesty), 
"The Star of St. Patrick.'' " The White Horse of Hanover" also appears on 
the Standard. Motto : " Quis separabit!' 

Notes. — Raised in various English counties — at London, Lichfield, Grantham, 
Durham, and Morpeth. Cuirasses were worn in 1685. Its title, in 1788, was 
bestowed for long service in Ireland. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the ^th, or Royal Irish Regiment of Dragoon 
Guards. 1685-1838. [London; Longman, 1839.] 



The White Horse of Hanover. 



14 



Zbc fiftb dprincess Cbarlotte ot Malcs's) 
Dragoon (Buarba. 



Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum.'' 



TITLES. 

1685-87. Colonel The Duke of Shrewsbury's Regiment of Horse. 
1687-1717. The Sixth (or Seventh) Regiment of Horse: also by its 

Colonel's name (in 1687, Coy's Horse; in 1794, Cadogan's Horse). 
1717-88. The 2nd (or " Green ") Irish Horse. 
1788-1804. The Fifth Dragoon Guards. 
1804 (from). The Fifth or Princess Charlotte of Wales's Dragoon Guards. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



1690. 


Boyne. 


1692. 


Enghien. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1703- 


-12. Germany. 


1704. 


Schellenberg. 


'1704. 


Blenheim. 


1705- 


Neer Hespen, 


1706. 


Ramilies. 


[708. 


Oudenarde. 


1708. 


Lisle. 


1709. 


Malplaquet. 


1709. 


Tourna}'. 


1709. 


Mons. 


I7I0. 


Douay. 


17II. 


Bouchain. 


I7II. 


Bethune. 



'Honours" on the Colours. 

1711. 
1711. 
1711. 

1759- 
1794- 
1794. 

*i8ii- 
1812. 
1812. 

*l8l2. 

1812. 
*i8i3. 
*i8i4. 
*i854. 
*i8s5. 

1900. 



Aire. 

St. Venant. 

Quesnoy. 
62. Germany. 
-5. Flanders. 

Cateau. 
■14. Peninsula. 

Badajos. 

Llerena. 

Salamanca. 

Burgos. 

Vittoria. 

Toulouse. 

Balaclava. 

Sevastopol. 

South Africp. 



15 

Ubz ffiftb (princess Cbarlotte of Males's) Dragoon (5nar6s 

— contin2ted. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1685). Facings, Buff (1685-1717) ; Dark Green (from 1717). 
Helmet'plume, Red and White. 

ReCxImental Device. — „ ~ within the Garter, surrounded by " Princess Charlotte 

of Wales.'' Motto, Vestigia nulla rdrorswn (borne by John Hampden's 
Regiment in the Civil War). 

Nickname. — " The Green Horse " {see Titles). 

Notes. — Originally raised as a Troop of Cuirassiers at Lichfield, Kingston-on-Thames, 
Chester, Bridgnorth, Bristol, &c. It wore cuirasses till 1688, and resumed them 
from 1707-14. It captured four Standards at the battle of Blenheim. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the e^th, or Princess Charlotte of Wales's Dragoon 
Gz/ara?j-, 1685-1838. Illustrated with plates. [London: Longman, 1839.] 



i6 



^be Slytb Draoooii (Buarbe (darabiniers). 




The Regimental Device. 



TITLES. 

1685-90. The Queen Dowager's Regiment of Horse. 

1690-92. The 8th (or 9th) Regiment of Horse. 

1692-1745. The King's Carabiniers. 

1745-88. The 3rd Irish Horse. 

1788 (from). The 6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers). 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honourb" on the Colours. 

1685. Monmouth's Rebelhon. 1704. Schellenberg. 

1690. Boyne. *i704. Blenheim. 

1691. Aughrim. 1705. Neer Hespen. 
1692-97. Elanders. *t7o6. Ramilies. 

1692. Steenkirk. *i7o8. Oudenarde. 

1693. Neer Landen. *i7o9. Malplaquet. 
1695. Namur. 17 10. Douay. 
1702-14. Germany. 1760-63. Germany. 



17 

TEbe Si£tb Dragoon (Buarbs (Carabtniers^— ^•^/z/w/?/^;^. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sue— continued. 

1760. Warbourg. 1807. Montevideo. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. *i855. Sevastopol. 

1793-95. Flanders. 1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 

1794. Tournay. *i857. Delhi. 

1806. Buenos Ayres. *i 87 9-80. Afghanistan. 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1685-1853); Blue (from 1853). Facings, Sea-green (1685-1715, 
the favourite colour of Catherine, the Consort of Charles II.) ; Yellow (1715-68) ; 
AVhite Cloth (from 1768). Helmet-plume, White. 

Regimental Device. — (Unrecognised in Regulations) The Crossed Carabines, within 
the Garter, surrounded by " Sixth Dragoon Guards,'' with Scroll underneath — ■ 
"The Carabiniers." 

Nicknames. — "The Carbs," also "Tichbome's Own" (at the time of the trial of 
Arthur Orton, Sir Roger Tichborne, Bart., having served in the Regiment). 

Notes. — The Sixth Carabiniers (formerly the First Regiment of Carabiniers in 
recognition of its gallantry in Ireland, in 1690-91) was formed from Troops of 
Horse raised in various English counties, and received its title in 1692 from being 
armed with Carabines. At Ramilies it captured the colours of the Royal 
Bombardiers, and was conspicuous at Neer Landen for its gallantry. 

Bibliography — Historical Record of the 6th Regiment of Dragoon Guards, or 
Carabiniers. 1685-1839. Illustrated with plates. [London : Longman. 1839.] 
A Continuation of the Historical Record of the 6th Dragoon Guards ( Cara- 
biniers). By Captain [now Major] A. Sprot. [Chatham : Gale and Polden. 



tTbe Seventb (^be princess IRoi^ars) Dragoon (Buarbs, 

" Quo faia vacant i' 



TITLES. 

1688—90. Colonel The Earl of Devonshire's Regiment of Horse; also the Tenth 

Horse. 
1690-91. Schomb erg's Horse. 
1691-1720 (?). Colonel The Duke of Leinster's (or The Eighth) Horse; also 

(on succession to the title) Schomberg's Horse. 
1720-46. Colonel (afterwards Earl) Ligonier's (The Eighth) Horse. 
1746-88. The 4th (or " Black ") Irish Horse. 
1788 (from). The 7th (The Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1690. Boyne. 


17 10. Aire. 




1692-97. Flanders. 


1711. Boucham. 




1695. Namur. 


1 7 II. Quesnoy. 




1702-14. Germany. 


1742-45. Flanders. 




1702. Venloo. 


*i743. Dettingen. 




1702. Ruremonde. 


1745. Fontenoy. 




1702. Lidge. 


1760-63. Germany. 




1704. Schellenberg. 


1760. Warbourg. 




*i704. Blenheim. 


1 76 1. Kirk Denkern. 




1705. Neer Hespen. 


1762. Wilhelmstahl. 




*i7o6. Ramilies. 


1763. Groebenstein. 




*i7o8. Oudenarde. 


*i846-47. South Africa (ist Kaffir 


War), 


1708. Lisle. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 




1709. Toumay. 


*i882-84. Egypt. 




"1709. Malplaquet. 


1882. Kassassin. 




17 10. Douay. 


*i882. Tel-el-Kebir. 




1710. Bethune. 


19C0, South Africa. 




1 7 10. St. Venant. 







19 

Xlbe Seventb (Zbc princess IRosal's) Dragoon (5\x^vi)5—^ontmued. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1688). Facings, Black (from 1688). Note. — In 1751 the 
waistcoat and breeches were buff. Helmet-plume, Black and White. 

Regimental Badge. — "The Coronet of Her Majesty the Empress and Queen of 
Germany and Prussia as Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland." Quite 
recently, hcwever, the War Office has sanctioned the adoption, as the regimental 
badge, of the arms, crest, and motto of Earl Ligonier. Previously the regimental 

device consisted of p/p within the Garter circumscribed " Princess Royal's." 

On buttons and other appointments the Royal Cypher, Crown, and Wreath are 
used in one or other combination. 

Nicknames. — "The Black Horse" or "The Blacks" (from its facings). " Ligoniers " 
(from its Colonel's name, 1720-49). "Straw-boots" (from wearing wisps of 
straw to keep the legs dry when engaged in quelling agricultural riots in the 
south of England, tempts George II.). " The Virgin Mary's Body-Guard" (in 
the reign of George II. the regiment was sent to assist the Archduchess Maria 
Theresa of Austria). 

Notes. — In 1688 5ve regiments of horse raised by James II. marched with the Earl 
of Devonshire to meet the Princess Anne on her flight from London. On 
accession she commissioned them for permanent service. They wore cuirasses 
till 1699, and resumed them from 1707-14. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the ^t/i, or Princess RoyaPs Rei^meni of Dragoon 
Guards. 1685-1839. Illustrated with plates. [London : Longman. 1839.] 



tlbe first (IRoi^al) 2)ragoons. 

" Spedenmr Agendo.^' 





The Eagle (for capture at Waterloo). 



The Crest of England. 



TITLES. 
1661-83. The Tangiers Horse. 

1683-90. The King's Own Royal Regiment of Dragoons. 
1690-1751. The Royal Regiment of Dragoons. 
175 1 (from). The ist (Royal) Dragoons. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1661-84. Tangiers. 
1690. Boyne. 
1694-97. Flanders. 
1695. Namur. 
1705-10. Spain. 

1705. Valencia d' Alcantara. 

1706. Albuquerque. 

1706. Barcelona. 

1707. Almanzar. 



i7ro. Almanara. 
1 7 10. Saragossa. 
1 715. Jacobite rising. 
1742-45. Flanders 
*i743. Dettingen. 
1745. Fontenoy. 
1760-63. Germany. 
1760. AVarbourg. 
1760. Campen. 



Uhc ifirst (IRogal) 'Wva.Qoons—'^onfmued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.—cmfhMid. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 1813. Vittoria. 

1793-95- Flanders. 1814. Toulouse. 

1794. Cateau. *i8is. Waterloo. 

1794. Villers-en-Couchtf. 1815. Netherlands. 

1794. Tournay. "1854. Balaclava. 

* 1809-14. Peninsula. "1855. Sevastopol. 

181 1. Fuentes d'Onor. 1884. Egypt. 

181 2. Salamanca. 1900. South Africa. 

Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1683). Facings, Dark Blue (from 1683). Helmet-plume, 
Black. 

Regimental Badge. — The " Crest of England " within the Garter, circumscribed by 
" Spectetnur agendo " and surmounted by a crown (Hanoverian). Also " an Eagle," 
in commemoration of the capture of the Eagle of the 105th French Regiment at 
Waterloo. 

Nickname. — " The Bird-catchers " (also borne by The Second Dragoons and The 
Royal Irish Fusiliers). 

Notes. — Originating in the Troops of Horse engaged in the defence of Tangiers from 
1662 to 1684, the First Royal Dragoons have since figured in nearly every cam- 
paign with conspicuous bravery. Among its captured standards are, one from the 
Moors in 1664, that of the " Mousquetaires Noirs" at the battle of Dettingen, and 
a French Eagle (see above) at the battle of Waterloo. In 1894 the Emperor of 
Germany was appointed Colonel-in-Chief. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the ist or Royal Regiment of Dragoons. To 1 839, 
Illustrated with plates. [London : Longmans. 1840.] 

Historical Record of the ist, or The Royal Rrgiment of Dragoons. By General 
de Ainslie, Colonel of the Regiment. Illustrated with plates. [London : Chapman 
& Hall. 1887.] 



tibe Seconb Draaoons (IRo^al Scots (Bre^s). 



" Second to None" 





r Waterloo. J 



The Thistle. 



TITLES. 

1678-1737. The Royal Regiment of Scots Dragoons; also (<r. 1702) 

" The Grey Dragoons," and " The Scots Regiment of White Horses." 
1737-51. The Royal Regiment of North British Dragoons. 
1 751-1866. The 2nd, or Royal North British Dragoons. 
1866-77. The 2nd Royal North British Dragoons (Scots Greys). 
1877 (from). The 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys). 



PRINCIP.\L CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1694-97. Flanders. 
1702-13. Germany. 
1704. Schellenberg. 
1704. Blenheim. 
T705. Neer Hespen. 



■"'1706. Ramilies. 
"■•1708. Oudenarde. 
*i7o9. Malplaquet. 

17 II. Bouchain. 

1715. Jacobite rising. 



23 

Xlbe Secon5 2)ragoons (IRo^al Scots (5tc^5)—<:ontifmed. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sac—cotitbrned. 

1742-48. Flanders. 1763 Groebenstein. 

*i743. Dettingen. i793~95- Flanders. 

1745. Fontenoy. i794- Toumay. 

1746. Roucoux. '*i8i5. Waterloo. 

1747. Val. 1 81 5. Netherlands. 
1758-63. Germany. "1854. Balaclava. 

1759. Minden. 1854. Inkerman. 

1760. Warbourg. 1855. Tchemaya. 

1761. Kirk Denkern. "1855. Sevastopol. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 1900. South Africa. 



UnifoR-M. — -Probably Stone-Grey when raised, and afterwards changed to Scarlet. 
Facings, Blue. Plume, White. 

Regimental Badges. — " The Thistle " within the Circle, and the motto of St. 
Andrew, " Nemo me impune lacessit," surmounted by a Crown (from the Union 
of England and Scotland in 1707). Also "an Eagle,'' with "Waterloo"' (from 
the capture of the Eagle of the 45th French Regiment). Also the motto, 
" Second to None " (from circa 1715). 

Nickname. — "The Bubbly Jocks," also "The Bird-catchers" {see above: likewise 
applied to The First Dragoons and The Royal Irish Fusiliers). 

Notes. — The oldest regiment of Dragoons in the British Army, and raised in Scotland 
about 1678 from Troops of Horse, then added to the Establishment. At 
Ramilies it captured the " Colours " of the French Regiment-du-Roi, whence its 
distinction of Grenadier caps; also a Standard of the French Guards at 
Dettingen. At Waterloo, Napoleon spoke of them as " Ces terribles chevaux 
gris.'' In 1894 the Emperor of Russia was appointed Colonel-in-Chief of The 
Greys. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the Royal Regiment of Scots Dragoons, now the 
2nd North British Dragoons. To 1839. Illustrated with plates. [London ; 
Longman. 1840.J 

Johnson's Illustrated Histories of Scottish Regiments. 



24 



^be ^birb (^be Mwq's ®wn) Ibussars. 




The White Horse (of Hanover) and Motto. 



TITLES. 

1685-1714. The Queen Consort's Own Regiment of Dragoons. 
1 7 14-5 1. The King's Own Regiment of Dragoons. 
1751-1818. The 3rd (King's Own) Dragoons. 
1818-61. The 3rd (King's Own) Light Dragoons. 
1861 (from). The 3rd (King's Own) Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, 


BATTLES, &c. 


* "Honours" on the Colours. 


1690. Boyne. 


*i8ii-i4. Peninsula. 


1 69 1. Aughrim. 


181 2. Llereena. 


1694-97. Flanders. 


*i8r2. Salamanca. 


1695. Namur. 


*i8i3. Vittoria. 


1702-8. Spain. 


1813. Pampeluna. 


1707. Almanza. 


'''1814. Toulouse. 


1715. Jacobite rising. 


*i842. Cabool. 


1742-45. Flanders. 


*i845. Moodkee. 


1743. Dettingen. 


*i845. Ferozeshah. 


1745. Fontenoy. 


*i846. Sobraon. 


1745. Jacobite rising. 


*i 848-49. Punjaub. 


1746. Culloden. 


*i849. Chillianwallah. 


1809. Flushing. 


*i849. Goojerat. 



25 

Zbc TLbivty (Ube Iking's ®wn) ibitssars— ^^«//««^^. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with Blue facings (1685-1818) ; Blue with Scarlet facings 
(1818-30) ; Scarlet with Scarlet facings (1830-42) ; Blue with Scarlet facings 
(from 1842J. Plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. — " The White Horse " (of Hanover) within the Garter, with the 
motto, " JVec aspera tefrent." 

Nicknames. — " Lord Adam Gordon's Life Guards " (from its long detention in 
Scotland under that officer). " Bland's Dragoons " (in honour of a former 
Colonel). 

Notes. — The title on formation was bestowed in honour of the Queen Consort. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of tJie yd, or Kin^s Own Regiment of Light 
Dragoons. 1685-1846. Illustrated with plates. [London : Parker. 1847.] 

Historical Record of the yd or Kin^s Own Regiment of Light Dragoons. 
1685-1857. Illustrated with plates. By George E. F. Kountze, Captain, half- 
pay, late 3rd Light Dragoons. [London : B. W. Cousins.] 

Historical Records of the yd, or Ki?ig's Own Light Dragoo?is. [Glasgow. 
I833-J 



26 



tlbe ifourtb (^bc (Siueen'0 ®wn) Ibusaare. 



TITLES. 

1 685-1 702. The Princess Anne of Denmark's Dragoons. 

1702-51. [Its Colonel's name] Hussars. 

1751-88. The 4th Dragoons. 

1788-1818. The 4th, or Queen's Own Dragoons. 

1 8 18-61. The 4th, or Queen's Own Light Dragoons. 

1 86 1 (from). The 4lh, The Queen's Own Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, 'BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 

1689. Scotland. "1809. Talavera. 

1690. Boyne. 1810. Busaco. 
1692-97. Flanders. •■1811. Albuera. 

1692. Steenkirk. 1812. Llerena. 

1693. Neer Landen. '"'1812. Salamanca. 

1695. Namur. '"'181 3. Vittoria. 

1696. Rooselaar. 1814. Tarbes. 
1706-8. Spain. *i8i4. Toulouse. 
1707. Almanza. ''^iSSQ- Afghanistan. 
1715. Dunblane. '1839. Ghuznee. 
1742-48. Flanders. "1854. Alma. 

"1743. Dettingen. '"1854. Balaclava. 

1747. Val. *i854. Inkerman. 

■"■1809-14. Peninsula. "1855. Sevastopol. 



27 

Ube jfourtb ('G;be (Siueen's ®wn) t)ns3ax5—coH/mued. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1685-1815); Blue (1818-30); Scarlet (1830-42); Blue (from 
1842). Facings, Light Green (1685-1818); Yellow (1818-36); Light Green 
(1836-42); Scarlet (1842-61) ; Blue (from 186 1). Helmet-plume, Scarlet. 

Regimental Badge. — None recognised in Regulatio7is, but on pouch are worn the 
Royal Cypher and Crown ; also on Shabraque Q. O. interlaced, surmounted by a 

Cro\TO, and dominating the regimental number, 4 

H* 

NicKNAJiE.- — " Paget' s Irregular Horse'' {circa 1842) from its loose drill after return 
from India ; in the first five years' service it lost, from fever and cholera, no less 
than 12 officers and 500 non-commissioned officers and men. 

Notes. — Formed from Independent Troops, raised at \\'arminster, Shaftesbury, Shepton 
Mallet, Glastonbury, Frome, Wincanton, Ilchester, and Bradford, and named in 
honour of the youngest daughter of William III. and Mar_\-, afterwards Queen 
Anne. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the ^th, or Queen's Own Regiment of Light 
Dragoons. 1685-1842. Illustrated with a plate. [London: Parker. 1843.] 



28 



Cbe jfiftb (IRopl Jrisb) Xancers. 

" Quis Separabit." 




The Harp and Crown. 



TITLES. 

1 689-1 704. The Royal Irish Dragoons; also Wynne's Dragoons; also Brigadier 

Ross's Dragoons (under Marlborough). 
1704--P]. The Royal Dragoons of Ireland. 

i7[?]-i799. The 5th (Royal Irish) Dragoons ; then disbanded, but revived in 1858. 
1858 (from). The 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours" on the Colours. 

1690. Boyne. *i709- Malplaquet. 

1692-97. Flanders. 1743-8. Flanders. 

1702-14. Germany. i74S. Fontenoy. 

*i7o4. Blenheim. 1798. Irish Rebellion. 

*i7o6. Ramilies. *i885. Suakim. 

*i7o8. Oudenarde. 1900. South Africa. 



29 



'ZbC jfiftb (IROgal JrfSb) %m\CCV3— continued. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with Blue facings (1689-1798); Blue with Scarlet facings (from 
1858). Lancer-cap plume, Green. 

REGniENTAL Badge. — "The Harp and Crown." }\lotto, "Quis Scparabit!' 

Nicknames. — " The Daily Advertisers " ; also " The Redbreasts." 

Notes. — The old Fifth was the senior of the two regiments of Inniskilling Dragoons, 
the Second being now represented by the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons. Marl- 
borough specially recognised its gallantry at Blenheim ; and at Ramilies (with the 
Scots Greys) it captured two French battalions, for which it, like the Greys, was 
allowed to wear Grenadier caps. It was disbanded in 1798, after good service, 
on the discoveiy of a plot by new recruits to murder the officers and loyal men. 

BiB-LiOGRAPHY. — Short articles appear in Grose's Military A?iiiguities, and in the 
Military Recorder. 



3° 



XTbe Siytb Gnnisf^illino) Dragoons. 




I Inntskilling. I 



TITLES. 



1689-1751. Colonel Sir Albert Cunningham's [or its Colonel's namej 
Regiment of Dragoons ; also (flVca 1715) "The Black Dragoons" 
(from their black horses). 

175 1 (from). The 6th, or Inniskilling Dragoons. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours '' on the Colours. 



1690. Boyne. 

1691. Aughrim. 
17 15. Dunblane. 
1742-48. Flanders. 

'1743. Dettingen. 

1745. Fontenoy. 

1746. Roucoux. 

1747. Val. 
1758-63. Germany. 



I7S9- 


Minden. 


1760. 


Warbourg. 


1760. 


Campen. 


1761. 


Kirk Denkern 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 


1763. 


Groebenstein. 


1793- 


95. Flanders. 


1793- 


Valenciennes. 


1793- 


Dunkirk. 



31 

Ubc Sijtb (Jnnlskilltttg) -s>vmoon3—contim/ed. 

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sac.—contiimcd. 

1793. Landrecies. "1855. Sevastopol. 

1794. Cateaii. 1881. Transvaal. 

1794. Tournay. 1884-90. Bechuanaland, Natal, 

*i8i5. Waterloo. and Zululand. 

18 1 5. Netherlands. 1900. South Africa. 
*i854. Balaclava. 



Uniform.' — Scarlet with Yellow facings (from 1689). Plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Castle of Inniskilling," with " The St. George'.s 
Colours Flying,'' and the word " Inniskilling " underneath. 

Nickname. — " The Skilhngers " ; also " The Old Inniskillings.'' 

Notes. — Originally the Cavalry arm of the forces raised for the defence of Enniskillen 
in 1689 (with the Royal Irish Dragoons, and the Inniskilling Fusiliers, or late 
27th Foot). 

Bibliography. — Historical Recoid of the 6th, or hiniskilhng Regiment of Dragoons. 
1689-1843. Illustrated with plates. [London: Parker. 1843.] 



32 



^be Seventb (^be (Queen's ®wn) Ibussara. 




The Royal Cypher within the Garter. 



TITLES. 



1690-17 15. The Queen's Own Regiment of Dragoons; also by the Colonels' names, 
amongst whom at first were Robert Cunningham, the Earl of Eglinton, 
and Lord Cardross. 

1715-27. The Princess of Wales's Own Royal Dragoons. 

1727-51. The Queen's Own Dragoons. 

1751-83. The 7th, or Queen's Own Dragoons. 

1 783-1805. The 7th, or Queen's Own Light Dragoons. 

1805 (from). The 7th, or Queen's Own Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1694-97. Flanders. 

1694. Moorslede. 

1695. Namur. 
1711-13. Germany. 
1715. Jacobite Rising. 
1742-49. Flanders. 



*i743. Dettingen. 

1745. Fontenoy. 

1746. Roucoux. 

1747. Lafifeldt. 
1760-63. Germany. 
1760. Warbourg. 



33 



Xlbe Seventb (^be (Siueen's ©wn) •h\x5swcs— continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, iac.—cotitinued. 



1762. 
1793- 
1793- 
1794- 
1794. 

1795- 
1799. 
1799. 
1799. 
»i8o8- 
1808. 
1809. 



Wilhelmstahl. 
•95. Flanders. 

Valenciennes. 

Cateau. 

Nimeguen. 

Guildermalsen. 

Bergen. 

PJgmont-op-Zee. 

Alkmaer. 
■09. Peninsula. 

Sahagun. 

Carrion. 



1809. Benevente. 
1809. Corunna. 
1813-14. Peninsula. 
*i8i4. Orthes. 

18 14. Toulouse. 
*i8i5. Waterloo. 

1815. Netherlands. 
1838-39. Canada. 
1858. Indian Mutiny. 

*i858. Lucknow. 
1 88 1. Transvaal. 
1896. Rhodesia. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1690-17 84) ; Blue (1784-1830); Scarlet (1830-41); Blue (from 
1841). Facings, White (1690-1818); Blue (from 1818). Helmet-plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Royal Cypher within the Garter." 

Nicknames. — "The Old Saucy Seventh" (in the Peninsula), "The Lily-white 
Seventh" (from its light blue uniform and white facings, before 1818), "Young 
Eyes " ; also " Old Straws" or " Strawboots " (for substituting, at Warbourg, 1760, 
strawbands for worn-out boots). 

Notes. — Formed in Scotland from Independent Troops of Horse that fought at 
Killiecrankie. Disbanded in 17 13, but restored two years later, mainly from two 
troops of the present ist, and three troops of the present 2nd Dragoons. It 
suffered severely at Waterloo, and distinguished itself in the Mutiny. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the "jth, or Queen's Own Regiment of Hussars. 
1690-1842. Illustrated with a plate. [London: Parker. 1842] 



34 



^be lEiobtb (^be Ikina's IRopal Jrisb) Ibussavs, 



" Pristince virtutis memo?'es." 




The Harp and Crown. 



TITLES. 

1693-1751. Colonel Henry Cunningham's [or its Colonel's name] Regiment of 

Dragoons; "St. George" from 1740-51. 
1751-75. The 8th Dragoons. 
1775-77. The 8th Light Dragoons. 

1 777-1822. The 8th, or The King's Royal Irish Light Dragoons. 
1822 (from). The 8th, The King's Royal Irish Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1704-13. Spain. 

1706. Barcelona. 

1707. Almanza. 
i7ro. Almanara. 
7710. Saragossa. 



17 10. Brehuega. 

1794-95. Flanders. 

1795. Cape of Good Hope. 

1800. Kaffir War. 

1 80 1. Egypt. 



35 

Zbc EiQbtb {Zbc Tking's IRosal 5ri5b) fbiissavs—cc^amiu-d. 



»iS54. 


Balaclava. 


*i854. 


Inkerman. 


1855. 


Eupatoria. 


*i855- 


Sevastopol. 


i8^8. 


Indian ^Mutiny. 


*i858. 


Central India. 


*i879- 


-80. Afghanistan. 


1900. 


South Africa. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &:c.—uvifu:ucJ. 

''1802-2:. Hindoostan. 
'1803. Leswarree. 

1S04. Aurungabad. 

1804. Eerruckabad. 

1804. Deeg. 

1805. Bhurtpore. 
'1854. Alma. 



UxiFORM. — Scarlet (1693-17S4); Blue (17S4-1802) ; Light Blue or Cavalry Grey 
(1S02-22) ; Dark Blue (from 1822). Facings, Yellow (1693-1777); Blue 
(1777-84); Scarlet (17S4-1S22); Blue (from 1S22). Helmet-plume, Red and 
White. 

REGiiiEXTAL Badge. — '' The Harp and Crown." !Motto : '^Fristinm virtuiis memorcs." 

XiCKXAME. — " The Cross Belts " (1768), from its privilege of wearing the sword-belt 
over the left shoulder, in recognition of ser\ices at Saragossa, where it took the 
belts of the Spanish Cavahy- ; of this fact, however, there is no ofEcisl record ; 
also " The Georges'' (from its Colonel's name, 1740-51) ; also " The Dirty Eighth.'' 

XC'TES. — Composed originally of lo)-al Protestants who had fought at the Boyne. It 
gained much distinction in Spain and Flanders ; and received its title, crest, and 
motto in 1777 as special marks of Royal favoiu". It shared largely in the glory 
of Leswarree and other Indian actions — in short, few regiments can boast a more 
honourable record than " The Royal Irish." 

Bibliography.— ^/j/fTr/iffl/ Record of tlie Sth, or Kin^s Royal Irish Regiment of 
Hussars. 1693-1843. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1844.] 

Historical Recard C't th: 8th Kiii^s Royal Irish Hussars. To 1803. By John 
Francis Smet, M.D., late Surgeon, 8th Hussars. [London: Mitchell. 1874.] 



36 



^be IRintb (^be ©ueen's IRo^al) Xancers. 




The Royal Cypher within the Garter. 



TITLES. 

1715-51. Major-General Owen Wynne's (or its Colonel's name) Regiment of 

Dragoons. 
1751-83. The 9th Dragoons. 
1 783-1 8 1 6. The 9th Light Dragoons. 
1816-30, The 9th Lancers. 
1830 (from). The 9th, or Queen's Lancers ; and (shortly afterwards) The 9th 

(Queen's) Royal Lancers. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 

1715. Jacobite rising. *i8ii-i3. Peninsula. 

1798. Irish RebeUion. *i843. Punniar. 

1806. Buenos Ayres. *i846. Sobraon. 

1807. Monte Video. *i848-49. Punjaub. 
1809. Flushing. *i849. Chillian wallah. 



37 

XCbe IRintb (TLbc (Queen's IRo^al) %anccts—(onftnued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, ?i.c.— continued. 

'1849. Goojerat. *i878-8o. Afghanistan. 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. *i879. Charasiah. 

■1857. Delhi. *i879. Kabul. 

1858. Lucknow. *i88o. Kandahar. 

1900. South Africa. 



LTniform.— Scarlet (1715-84); Blue (1784-1830); Scarlet (1830-41); Blue (from 
1841). Facings: Buff (1715-1805); Crimson (1805-30); Blue (1830-41); 
Scarlet (from 1841). Lancer-cap plume. Black and White. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Royal Cypher within the Garter.'' 

Nickname. — " The Delhi Spearmen " (a native sobriquet). 

Notes.' — The senior of several regiments of Dragoons restored in 17 15, which had 
been disbanded after Utrecht. Raised in the southern counties, it served 
uninterruptedly in Ireland for eighty-six years to 1803, and in its title received 
special favour at the hands of Queen Adelaide in 1830. It gained distinction for 
service during the Indian Mutiny, and is the only British cavalry regiment with 
" Charasiah," " Kabul, 1879," and " Kandahar, 1880" on its Colours. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the gt/j, or Qtieeiis Royal Regiment of Light 
Df-agoojis {Lancers). 1 715-1 841. Illustrated with a plate. [London: Parker. 
1841.] 



38 



^be ^entb (tlbe prince of Males's ®wit IRo^al) Ibussars. 





The Plume of the Prince 
OF Wales. 




The Rising Sun. 



The Red Dragon. 



TITLES. 

1 7 15-5 1. Colonel Humphrey Gore's (or its Colonel's name) Regiment of Dragoons. 

1751-83. The loth Dragoons. 

1783-1806. The loth, or Prince ofWales's Own Light Dragoons. 

1806-11. The loth, or Prince ofWales's Own Hussars. 

181 1 (from). The loth, The Prince ofWales's Own Royal Hussars. 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, 


BATTLES, &c. 




* < 


Plonours ' 


on the 


Colours, 


1746. 


Falkirk. 






18 13. Morales. 


1746. 


Culloden. 






1813. Vittoria. 


1758- 


-63. Germany. 






1813. Pyrenees. 


^59- 


Minden. 






1814. Orthes. 


1760. 


Warbourg. 






1814. Toulouse. 


1760. 


Campen. 






*i8i5. Waterloo. 


1761. 


Kirk Denkern. 






1855. Eupatoria. 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 






*i855. Sevastopol. 


1763. 


Groebenstein. 






*i878-79. Afghanistan 


1808- 


-14. Peninsula. 






"1878. AH Masjid. 


1808. 


Sahagun. 






*i884. Egypt. 


1809. 


Benevente. 






1900. South Africa. 


1809. 


Corunna. 









39 

XLbc Uentb (XTbe ^tincc of Males's ®wn IRogal) Ijussars -««/"??/<?'/. 



UxiFORM. — Scarlet (1715-83); Blue (from 1784). Facings, Deep Yellow (171 5- 
1811); Scarlet (1811-1819) ; Blue (from 1819) ; Helmet-plume, Black and White. 

Regimental Badges. — " The Prince's Plume," " The Rising Sun," " The Red 
Dragon'' (from r783, ancient Badges of the Princes of Wales). Also "The 
White Horse." 

Nicknames. — "Baker's Light Bobs" (when under the command of Valentine Baker). 
" The Don't Dance Tenth " (an officer told his hostess at a ball, " The Tenth 
Don't Dance "). " The Chainy Tenth " (from the pattern of the pouch belt). 

Notes. — Raised in Hertfordshire and adjoining counties ; the regiment received its 
"baptism of fire" in the Jacobite rising of 1745. Since then its colours show its 
record. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the lotk, The Prince of Wales's Own Royal 
Regiment of Hussars. 17 15-1842. Illustrated with plates. [London: Parker. 
1843-] 

The Memoirs of the 10th Royal Hu-ssars {Prince of Wales's Owii). By 
Colonel R. S. Liddell, late loth Hussars. Illustrated. [London : Longmans. 
1891.] 




The White Horse (of Hanover). 



4° 



Zbc Eleventb (IPrince Hlbert'5 ®wn) Ibussars. 



Treti und Fesf." 




The Crest and Motto of the late 
Prince Consort. 




The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 

1715-51- Brigadier-General Philip Honeywood's (or its Colonel's name) 

Regiment of Dragoons. 
1751-83. The nth Dragoons. 
1 7 83-1 840. The nth Light Dragoons. 
1840 (from). The nth Prince Albert's Own Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



' Honours " on the Colours. 



1 715. Jacobite rising. 
1746. Culloden. 
1760-63. Germany. 
1760. Warbourg. 

1760. Cassel. 

1761. Kirk Denkern. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 
1762. Capelnhagar. 
1762. Foorwohle. 



1763. Groebenstein. 
1793-95. Flanders. 
1793. Famars. 

1793. Valenciennes. 

1794. Cateau. 

1794. Villers-en-Couche. 
1794. Tournay. 
1794. Martinique. 
1794. Guadaloupe. 



41 

Ube Eleventb (iprince Elbert's ®wn) lb\X35av5—^o>i^M>/ai. 



PRINCIPAL BATTLES, CAMPAIGNS, &lc.— continued. 

1795. Guildermalsen. *i8i2. Salamanca. 

1799. Bergen. 1812. Burgos. 

1799. Egmont-op-Zec. 1815. Quatre Bras. 

1799. Alkmaer. "1815. ^Vaterloo. 

*i8oi. Egypt. 1815. Netherlands. 

1801. Aboukir. *i826. Bhurtpore. 

1 80 1. Mandora. '1854. Alma. 

1801. Alexandria. '1854. Balaclava. 

1805. Hanover. "1854. Inkerman. 

*i8ii-i3. Peninsula. 1855. Eupatoria. 

i8ri. El-Bodon. '1855. Sevastopol. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1715-83); Blue (1783-1830); Scarlet (1830-40); Blue (from 
1840). Facings: Buff (r 7 15-1840) ; Blue (from 1840). Plume, Crimson and 
White. 

Regimental Badges. — " The Crest and Motto {Treu und Fest) of the late Prince 
Consort" ; also "The Sphinx" for Egypt (1801). 

Nicknames. — " The Cherry-pickers " (from Peninsula times, a detachment having 
been taken prisoners in a fruit-garden during the campaign). " The Cherubims" 
(from the crimson overalls). 

Notes. — Raised in Essex and adjoining counties. It is stated the regiment was 
first mounted on grey horses, and bore the motto, " Motus Componere'' Its 
present title was bestowed because it escorted the Prince Consort on the occasion 
of his marriage to Her Majesty. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the iith, or Prince Albert's Own Regiment of 
Hussars. 1 715-1842. [London: Parker. r843.] 



42 



^be Zvnclttb {Zl)e prince of Malee's IRo^al) Xarcers. 





The Plume of the Prince 
OF Wales. 




The Rising Kun. 



The Rfh Dragon. 



TITLES. 

1 71 5-5 1. Colonel Phineas Bowles's [or its Colonel's name] Regiment 

of Dragoons. 
1751-68. The 1 2th Dragoons. 

1768-1816. The i2th (The Prince of Wales's) Light Dragoons. 
1816-17. The i2th (The Prince of Wales's) Lancers. 
181 7 (from). The 12th (The Prince of Wales's Royal) Lancers. 



1795- 


Corsica. 


•1801. 


Egypt. 


1801. 


Aboukir. 


1801. 


Mandora. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


1809. 


Walcheren. 


*i8ii- 


-14. Peninsula. 


1812. 


Salamanca. 


1813. 


Vittoria. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 

18 14. Bayonne. 
*i8i5. Waterloo. 

1815. Netherlands. 
*i8si-53. South Africa. 

1855. Eupatoria. 

*i855. Sevastopol. 

1858. Indian Mutiny. 

*i8s8. Central India. 

I goo. South Africa. 



43 



Zhc "JTwelftF) (Zbe pvincc of Males's IRogal) %anccx3- continued. 



UxiFOR-M.— Scarlet (1715-84); Blue (1784-1830) ; Scarlet (1830-42); Blue (from 
1842). Facings, White (1715-68); Black (1768-84); Yellow (1784-1817); 
Scarlet (1817-30); Blue (1830-42); Scarlet (from 1842). Plume, Scarlet. 

Regimental Badges.— '• Plume of the Pruice of Wales," "The Rising Sun," '"The 
Red Dragon" (in honour of the Prince of Wales, afterwards George IV., whose 
crests they were) ; also " The Sphinx," for Egypt (1801). 

NiCKXAME.— " The Supple Twelfth." 

Notes. — Originally raised in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Hampshire, it served in 
Ireland, from 17 17, for seventy-six years. In Egypt it captured a French Convoy 
with Colours. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the izt/i, Prince of Wales's Royal Rciriment of 
Lancers. 17 15-1842. Illustrated with a plate. [London: Parker. 1842] 




The Sphinx. 



44 



XLbc ^birteentb Ibuseare. 



'■ Viref in ^termimy 




The Royal Cypher and Crown. 



TITLES. 



i7i5~5i- Colonel Richard Munden's [or its Colonel's name] Regimenl 

of Dragoons. 
1 75 1^83. The 13th Dragoons. 
1783-1861. The 13th Light Dragoons. 
]86i (from). The 13th Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 

1715. Jacobite rising. *i8i4. Orthes. 

1745. Jacobite rising. *i8i4. Toulouse. 

1796. Jamaica. *i8i5. Waterloo. 

*i8io-i4. Peninsula. 1815. Netherlands. 

181 1. Campo Mayor. '1854. Alma. 

*i8ir. Albuera. *i8s4. Balaclava. 

1811. Arroyo dos Molinos. *i854. Inkerman. 

1812. Badajos. *i855. Sevastopol. 
■*i8i3. Vittoria. 1900. South Africa. 



45 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1715-84); Blue (1784-1832); Scarlet (1832-40); Blue (from 
1840). Facings, Green (1715-84); Pale BufF (i 784-1836) ; Green (1836-40); 
Buff (from 1840). Plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. — None recognised in Regulations, but " The Royal Cypher and 
Crown " appear on appointments. The motto, " Viret in ^ternum^' has been 
borne since its formation. 

Nicknames. — Familiar in i8th century as " The Green Dragoons " (from the facings) ; 
" The Ragged Brigade " (during the Peninsular War, when its arduous services 
debarred much attention to appearances) ; " The Evergreens" (from its facings and 
punning motto) ; " The Geraniums " (for smartness of appearance) ; and " The 
Great Runaway Prestonpans " (in ailusion to the panic which seized some of the 
men in the fight with the Jacobite rebels). 

Notes. — Raised in the Midlands, the services of this regiment have been of the most 
distinguished order. It formed part of the Balaclava Light Brigade. In the 
Peninsula it served in no less than thirty-two affairs, not counting general actions, 
losing 274 men and 1,009 horses. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the iT,th Regiment of Light Dragoons. 1715- 
1842. [London: Parker. 1842.] 



46 



Zbc ifourteentb (^be Iking's) Ibnssars. 





The Prussian Eagle. 



The Royal Crest within the Garter. 



TITLES. 

1715-20. Brigadier-General James Dormer's Regiment of Dragoons. 

1720-76. The 14th Dragoons; also frequently by its Colonel's name. 

1776-98. The 14th Light Dragoons. 

i798-r83o. The 14th, or Duchess of York's Own Light Dragoons. 

1830-61. The 14th King's Light Dragoons. 

1861 (from). The 14th, The King's Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours'' on the Colours. 



1715. Jacobite rising. 
1746. Culloden. 
1794-95. Flanders. 
1796. West Indies. 



■"'1808-14. Peninsula. 
*i8o9. Douro. 
*i8o9. Talavera. 
1809. Oporto. 



47 

Ubc jfourteeutb (XTbe Iking's) t)n55RVs~(onfmued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &LC.—confmtied. 



1810. Busaco. 

1810. Barca de Avintas. 
*i8ii. Fuentes d'Onor. 

18 1 2. Badajos. 

18 1 2. Burgos. 

1812. Salamanca. 
"1813. Vittoria. 
*i8i4. Orthes. 

1 814. Tarbes. 



1 81 4. Toulouse. 

1815. New Orleans. 
* 1 848-49. Punjaub. 
*i849. Chillianwallah. 
*i849. Goojerat. 
*i856. Persia. 

1858. Indian Mutiny. 
*i858. Central India. 
1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1715-84); Dark Blue (1784-1830); Scarlet (1830-40); Blue 
(from 1840). Facings, Lemon Yellow (1715-1798); Orange (the livery of 
Brandenburg, 1798-1830); Scarlet (in 1830), and shortly afterwards Blue 
(1830-40); Scarlet (1840-61); Blue (from 1861). Plume, White. 

Regimental Badges. — " The Royal Crest within the Garter," also " The Prussian 
Eagle " (adopted in 1798 in honour of the Duchess of York, the Princess Royal 
of Prussia). 

Nicknames. — "The Ramnuggur Boys" (having encountered enormous odds at the 
battle in question); "The Emperor's Chambermaids" (bestowed while in India). 

Notes. — Raised in the South of England by Colonel Dormer {see Royal Warwick- 
shire Regiment). Its record of services shows its fame. Especially in ;the 
Peninsula, in the Punjaub, in Persia, and in Central India has it gained 
distinction. 



Bibliography. — Historical Reco7'd of the z^th, or the Kin^s Regiment of Light 
Dragoons. Illustrated with plates. [London : Parker. 1847.] 



48 



^be fifteentb (^be IRina's) Ibussars. 

" Merebitmir.'' 




The Crest of England within the Garter. 



TITLES. 

i759~66. The 15th Light Dragoons; also (popularly) EUott's Light Horse (from its 
• Colonel's name). 

1766-69. The ist, or The King's Royal Light Dragoons. 
1769-1806. The iSth, or The King's Royal Light Dragoons. 
1806 (from). The iSth, The King's Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 
1760-63. Germany. 1763. Groebenstein. 



*i76o. Emsdorf 
1762. Wilhelmstahl. 
1762. Friedburg. 



1793-95. Flanders. 

1793. Valenciennes. 

1794. Cateau. 



49 

Zhc jfifteentb {Zbc Iklng's) ibussars— ^s«a«?/^^. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, ^c— continued. 

*i794.. Villers-en-Coi!che. *i8i3. Vittoria. 
1794. Tournay. 1813. Nivelle. 

1794. Nimeguen. 1814. Orthes. 

1795. Guildermalsen. 1814. Toulouse. 
*i799. Egmont-op-Zee. *i8i5. Waterloo. 

1799. Alkmaer. 181 5. Cambray. 

* 1 808-14. Peninsula. 181 5. Netherlands. 

*i8o8. Sahagun. •1878-80. Afghanistan. 

1809. Benevente. 1881. Transvaal. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1759-84) ; Blue (from 1784). Facings, Green (1759-66); Dark 
Blue (1766-84); Scarlet (1784-1822) ; Blue (from 1822;. Plume, Scarlet. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Crest of England within the Garter." Motto : 
" Mercbimur" for valour, in Germany in 1766 ; also a helmet inscription : " Five 
Battalions of Foot defeated and taken by this Regiment, with their Colours and 
nine pieces of Ordnance, at Emsdorf, 16 July, 1760." The scarlet plume was also 
conferred in 1799 as a distinction. 

Nicknames. — "The Fighting Fifteenth.'' 

Notes. — This notable regiment was raised near London, and commenced its distin- 
guished career the following year at Em.sdorf {see above). Subsequently, at 
Villers-en-Couche, where it captured three guns, in Holland (1799), and in the 
Peninsula campaigns it gained further renown. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the i^th, or King^s Regiment of Light Dragoons 
{Hussars). 1759-1841. [London: Parker. 1841.] 



^be Siyteentb (^bc (Sliicen's) Xancers. 



Ant Cursii. ant Cominus Arims.'' 




The Royal Cypher within the Garter. 



TITLES. 

1759-66. The i6th Light Dragoons; also (popularly from its Colonel's 

name) Burgoyne's Light Horse. 
1766-69. The 2nd, Queen's, Light Dragoons. 
1 769-1815. The i6th, or The Queen's Light Dragoons. 
1 815 (from). The i6th. The Queen's Lancers. 



1761. Belle-Isle. 

1762. Portugal. 
T775-78. America. 
1776. Brooklyn. 

1776. White Plains. 

1777. Brandywine. 
1777. Germantown. 



PRINCIPxVL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

"^ " Honours" 011 ihe CoIouif. 

1778. Freehold. 



1793-96. Flanders. 
1793. Valenciennes. 

1793. Dunkirk. 

1794. Cateau. 
1794. Tournay. 
1794. West Indies. 



51 

Zbc Sisteentb (Zhc dlueen's) %mxccv3—(i»!fmued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, ^lC— continued. 

*i8o9-i4. Peninsula. *i826. Bhurtpore. 

*i8o9. Talavera. *i839. Afghanistan. 

*i8ii. Fuentes d'Onor. *i839. Ghuznee. 

1812. Llereena. ^1843. Maharajpore. 

*i8i2. Salamanca. *i846. Aliwal. 

*i8i3. Vittoria. *i846. Sobraon. 
'*i8i3. Nive. 1897. Dargai. 

*i8i5. Waterloo. 1900. South Africa. 

1 81 5. Netherlands. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1759-83; possibly for a year or two after formation this may 
have been red with yellow facings); Blue (1783-1832); Scarlet (from 1832). 
Facings, Black (1759-66, but see above) ; Dark Blue (1766-83); Scarlet (1783- 
1832); Blue (from 1832). Plume, Black. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Royal Cypher within the Garter." Motto, "Aut cursu, 
atif comimis armis" (beito-weA. in 1766 for services in Portugal on the regiment 
becoming " The Queens.") 

Nickname. — " The Red (or Scarlet) Lancers " ; being the only Lancers with the 
scarlet tunic. 

Notes. — Raised near London during the Seven Years' War. The first Lancer 
regiment to serve in India. 

BiBLioGRAPHv. — Historical Record of the i.6t/i, or Qtieeii's Regiment of Light Dragoons 
{Lancers). 1759-1841. Illustrated with a plate. [London: Parker. 1842.] 



52 



Z\)e Seventeentb (^be 2)ufte of dambvibge's ®wn) 

Olancers. 




Death's Head, with Motto, "Or7Glory." 



TITLES. 

1759-63. The i8th Light Dragoons. 

1763-66. The 17th Light Dragoons. 

1766-69. The 3rd Light Dragoons. 

1 7 69-1 82 2. The 17th Light Dragoons. 

1822-76. The 17th Lancers. 

1876 (from). The 17th (Duke of Cambridge's Own) Lancers. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colour?. 

1 761. Germany. *i854- Alma. 

1775-83. America. *i8S4. Balaclava. 

1775. Bunker's Hill. *i8S4. Inkerman. 

1776. Brooklyn. 1855. Eupatoria. 
1778. Freehold. "iSSS- Sevastopol. 
1795. West Indies. 1858. Indian Mutiny. 

1806. Buenos Ayres. ^1858. Central India. 

1807. Monte Video. *i879. South Africa. 
1815-20. Cutch. 1900. South Africa. 
J 81 6-18. Pindaree War. 



53 

Ube Seventeentb (XCbe Dufte of Cambribge's ©wn) %a.nccv3—'^ofifimied. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1759-84); Blue (1784-1830); Scarlet (1830-40); Blue (from 
1840). Facings, White (from 1759). Plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. — " A Death's Head," with the words " Or Glory." This, chosen 
by Colonel Hale, who raised the corps in Hertfordshire and near London, was 
intended to commemorate the death of General Wolfe at Quebec (1759). 
Colonel Hale was with him at the time, and subsequently bore the home 
despatches. 

Nickname.— "The Death or Glory Boys," or "The Skulls and Crossbones" (see 
Badge); "Bingham's Dandies" (area 1826) — one of its Colonels, Lord Bingham, 
insisting on perfection of fit in uniform, and smartness in accoutrement ; " The 
Gentleman Dragoons ; " " The Horse Marines " (when employed as marines on 
board the Hermione frigate on the West India station in 1795). 

Notes. — First raised as the i8th Light Dragoons, and renumbered on the disbandment 
of the old 17 th. This regiment was one of those taking part in the famous 
charge at Balaclava. Renamed in 1876 in honour of the Duke of Cambridge, 
who served in its ranks. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the i']fh Regiment of Light Dragoons (Lancers). 
1759-1841. Illustrated with plates. [London: Parker. 1841.] 

A Llistory of the \']th Lancers (Duke of Cavibridgis Own)- By the Hon. J. W. 
Fortescue. [London: Macmillan. 1895.] 

The '■'■Death or Glory Boys" : The Siory of the i^th Lancers. By D. H. Parry. 
[London : Cassell. 1900.] 



54 



^be leiobteentb Ibussars. 



"jPro Rege, pro Lege, pro Patria Conam 



TITLES. 

1759-63. The 19th Light Dragoons ; popularly, " The Drogheda Light Horse." 

1763-1807. The i8th Light Dragoons. 

1807-22. The i8th King's Irish Hussars (then disbanded and revived). 

1858 (from). The i8th Huss'ars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1795. Jamaica. 

1796. St. Domingo. 
1799. Holland. 

* 1 808-1 4. Peninsula. 

1808. Sahagun. 

1809. Benevente. 
1809. Corunna. 



1 813. Vittoria. 

1813. Nive. 

1814. Orthes. 
1814. Toulouse. 

*i8i5. Waterloo. 
1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (1759' ?); subsequently, and at disbandment, Dark Blue; Blue 

(from 1858). Facings, White (1759-1821); Blue (from 1858). Plume, Scarlet 
and White. 



55 

XTbe ]£igbteentb Hbnssuvs—'ro/i/hmetf. 



Regimental Badge. — None recognised in Regulations ; but in the case of both the 
late and the present i8th "The Royal Cypher and Crown" appeared and 
appears on the appointments. Motto, ^^ Fro Rege, pro Lege, pro Fatna 
Conamur " — " We Strive for Sovereign, Laws, and Country." 

Notes. — The first i8th is now the 17th Lancers; the present i8th, raised at Leeds in 
1858, was allowed to revive the " honours " of the old corps, disbanded in 1821 ; 
the motto and the scarlet and white plume were restored in 1878. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the x'6th Hussars. By Captain Harold Esdaile 
Malet. [London : Clowes. 1869. J 




The Royal Cypher and Crown. 



S6 



Zbe IRineteentb (princess of Males's ®wn) Ibussars. 




The Elephant. 



TITLES. 

1759-63. The 19th Light Dragoons (popularly the Drogheda Light 
Horse); re-numbered 18th in 1763, disbanded as i8th 
Hussars in 182 1. 

1779-83. The I gth Light Dragoons : disbanded. 

1781-86. The 23rd Light Dragoons : then re-numbered. 

1 786-181 7. The 19th Light Dragoons. 

1817-21. The 19th Lancers: then disbanded. 

1858-61. The Hon. East India Company's ist Bengal European Cavalry. 

1861 (from). The 19th (Princess of A\'ales's Own) Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours: — (i) Honours of the old 19th Lancers, disbanded in 1821 
<2) Honours of the present 19th Hussars, raised in 1858; (3) Not on present Colours, but worn by tli 
■old 19th Lancers. 



1799. Mallavelly. 


"1813. Niagara, (i). 


*i799. Seringapatam (3). 


* 1882-4. Egypt (2). 


1800-1. Deccan. 


*i882. Tel-el-Kebir (2). 


*T 800-1. Mysore (i). 


1883. El Teb. 


*i8o3. Assaye (r). 


* 1 884-5. Nile (2). 


1805. Vellore. 


*i885. Abu-Klea (2). 




1900. South Africa. 



57 

Zbc IRineteentb (princess of Males's ®wn) ibussars— ftv///;«w. 



Uniform. — Scarlet, and Green facings (1779-83); Dark Blue, and Light Yellow 
facings (in 1821) ; Blue, with Blue facings (from 1858). Plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. —"The Elephant" (for the distinguished services of the old 19th 
Light Dragoons in India). 

Nicknames. — " The Dumpies " (when raised in 1858, from the small stature of its men) ; 
"The Droghedas" (of the first 19th). 

Notes. — The old 19th received a hoporary Standard from the late Hon. Last India 
Company for distinction at Assaye ; its badge, " The Elephant," was also then 
bestowed. 

Bibliography. — Colbiirjis United Sei'vice Man^azine. 1873. [Art.] 

The Nineteoith a?id their Times. By Colonel John Biddulph. [London : 
Murray. 1900.] 



58 



Zbc XTwentletb Ibussars. 



TITLES. 

1759-63. The 20th Inniskilling Light Dragoons : disbanded. 
1779-83. The 20th Light Dragoons : disbanded. 
1791-1802. The 20th Jamaica Light Dragoons : renamed. 
1802-1818. The 20th Light Dragoons : disbanded. 
1858-60. The 2nd Bengal European Light Cavalry. 
i860 (from). The 20th Hussars. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1795-6. Maroon War. 
1806. Cape of Good 

Hope. 
1806. Maida. 
1806. Buenos Ayres. 



1807. Monte Video. 

1807. Egypt. 
*iSoS. Peninsula. 
*i8o8. Vimiera. 

1808-12. Sicily. 



1812-13. Spain. 
18 14. Genoa. 
1884-5. Nile. 
*i885. Suakim. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and Yellow (afterwards Black) facings (1759-63); Scarlet and 
Yellow facings (1779-83); Blue and Yellow (afterwards Orange) facings (1791- 
1814); Blue and Blue facings 'from 1858). Plume, Yellow. 

Regimental Badge. —None recognised in Re%ulations -. on appointments " The 



Royal Cypher and Crown with 



XX.' 
H 



Bibliography. — Colhiinis United Service Magazine. 1876. [Art.] 



59 



Zbc ^weiiti^^jfirst (impress of JnMa's) Xancers. 



TITLES. 

1759-63. The 21st Light Dragoons, or Royal Windsor Foresters : disbanded. 

1779-83. The 2 1 St Light Dragoons : disbanded. 

1794-1819. The 2ist Light Dragoons : disbanded. 

1858. The East India Company's 3rd Bengal European Cavalry. 

1858-62. The 3rd Bengal European Cavalry. 

i862-r897. The 21st Hussars. 

1897-9. The 2 1 St Lancers. 

1899 (from). The 21st (Empress of India's) Lancers. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

1795-8. San Domingo (the Toussaint 181 2. Cape of Good Hope. 

rOuverture Revolution). 1814-15. Kaffraria. 

1807. Monte Video. "1899. Khartoum. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and Dark Blue facings (1759-63); Scarlet and White facings 
(1779-83); Blue and Yellow facings (when raised in 1794); Blue and Pink 
facings (in 1814); Blue and Black Velvet facings (in 1815) ; Blue and Blue facings 
(from 1858-97); Blue and French Grey facings (from 1897). Plume, White. 

Regimental Badge. — None recognised in Regulations . on appointments " The 

-V-V-T J) 

Royal Cypher and Crown with "^rr 

Notes. — A detachment of this regiment served at St. Llelena as guard to the Emperor 
Napoleon when in exile. The recent title was conferred in recognition of its 
brilliant services at Omdurman. 



II. 

THE ROYAL ARTILLERY. 



62 



^be IRoi^al IRcgiment of Hrtilleri?, 





The Royal Arms. 



The Gun and Mottoes. 



TITLES. 

1 6th century to 1716. The Tram of Artillery. 

1716 (from). The Royal Regiment of Artillery : comprising (Mar. 1900). 
(i) Horse Artillery (27 Batteries). 

(2) Field Artillery (121 Batteries). 

(3) Mountain Artillery (10 Batteries). 

(4) Garrison Artillery (83 Batteries) ; with 

(5) Artillery Militia : also incorporated. 

(6) The Royal Malta Artillery. 

(7) The (late) Bengal Artillery. 

(8) The (late) Madras Artillery. 

(9) The (late) Bombay Artillery. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

One arm or other of this branch of the Service has, obviously, taken part in 
every campaign : a particularised list is therefore unnecessary. The guns are the 
"Colours" of the Artillery, and as such are entitled to all "parade honours." 
Formerly, regimental honours appear to have been worn by certain companies. 
Amongst such were " Niagara," " Leipsic," " Waterloo," and " The Dragon of 
China." 



63 

TLbc IRogal IRegiment of Uvtillcv'Q— continued. 



Uniform. — Blue with Scarlet facings. Plume, White. 

Regtmental Badges. — The Royal Arms and Supporters, with a Cannon. The 
mottoes, " Ubique " (Everywhere) over, and " Qiw fas et o;lori ducunt " 
("Whither Right and Glory lead us") under the gun. 

Nicknames. — -" The Gunners ; " " The Four-wheeled Hussars" (of the Royal Horse 
Artillery). 

Notes. — Trains of artillery seem first to have been raised in the time of Henry VHI. ; 
and up to 1716 appear to have been disbanded after each campaign. In 17 16 
several companies received permanent corporate existence, since which the 
exigencies of modern warfare have led to an enormous increase in the number of 
batteries. But, from first to last the record of the Royal Artiller)- has been 
one of distinction, and it may fitly be said to share the honours of all other 
regiments. The Royal Irish Artillery were absorbed in 1801, and the East 
India Company's Artillery in 1858. 

BinLiOGRAPHY. — History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Compiled from the 
original Records. By Captain Francis Duncan, M.A., D.C.L. 2 vols. 
[London : Murray. 1872.] 

History of the Horse Brigade. [London: Mitchell.] 

History of tJie Regiment of Bengal Artillery. By F. W. Stubbe. 2 vols. [1877.] 

Proceedings of the Royal Artilleiy Institution. Passim. 



III. 

THE ROYAL ENGINEERS. 



66 



Z\K Corps of IRo^al jeucjineers 




Ti:e Royal Arms. 



TITLES. 

1717-88. The Soldier Artificer Conipan)-. 
1788-1813. The Corps of Royal Military Artificeis. 
1813-56. The Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners. 
1856 (from). The Corps of Royal Engineers. 



CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
Like the Artillery, this Corps has necessarily taken part in every campaign. 



Its 



services have been pre-eminent from the first, and few regitnents, ;f any, can show a 
longer or more distinguished list of honoured names. Amongst many others may be 
mentioned Jones, Burgoyne, Pasley, Colby, Denison, Napier of Magdala, Simmons, 
Gordon of Khartoum, Gerald Graham, Kitchener of Khartoum, Warren, and 
others. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and Black velvet facings (in 17 17); Scarlet and Orange facings 
{1772-88); Dark Blue and Black facings (1788-1813); Scarlet and Dark Blue 
facings (from 1813). 



67 

Ubc Corps of IRo^al iBnQinccvs—cmfimM/. 



Regimental Badge. — "The Royal Arms and Supporters," flith the mottoes, 
" Ubiquc"' over, and " Quo fas et gloria ducunt" below. 

Nickname. — "The Mudlarks"; "The Measurers"; "The Flying Bricklayers" (of 
the mounted contingent). 

Notes. — A company of Engineer Militia is attached to the corps : also incorporated 
(from 1858) the Bengal, Bombay, and Madras Engineers. 

Bibliography. — History of the Royal Sappers and Miners. By T. W. J. Connolly. 
2 vols. [London: 1855.] 

The Royal Engineers. By the Right Hon. Sir Francis B. Head, Bart. 
[London: Murray. 1869.] 

History of the Corps of Royal Engineers. By \\'hit\vorth Porter, Major-General, 
Royal Engineers. 2 vols. [London: Longmans 1889.] 



IV. 
THE FOOT GUARDS. 



70 




^be (BfcnaMer (5uarbs. 

3 Batts. 



The Crown and Cypher 

OF Charles IT. : the 

Original Badge. 




A Grenade. 



TITLES. 
1660-85. The King's Royal Regiment of Guards. 
1685-1815. The First Regiment of Foot Guards. 
181 5 (from). The First, or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards. 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, & 


c. 






* "Honours" on the Colours. 






1680- 


83. Tangier. 


1709. Tournay. 


1777- 


Germantown. 


1685. 


Sedgemoor. 


'1709. Malplaquet. 


1778. 


Freehold. 


i69r- 


-97. Flanders. 


1 7 10. Menin. 


1781. 


Guildford. 


1692. 


Steenkirk. 


1 7 10. Douai. 


1793- 


Famars. 


1693. 


Xeer Landen. 


1729. Gibraltar. 


1793- 


Valenciennes. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1742-47. Flanders. 


^1793. 


Lincelles. 


1702- 


-13. Germany. 


*i743. Dettingen. 


1793- 


-95. Flanders. 


1704. 


Schellenberg. 


1745. Fontenoy. 


1794. 


Cateau. 


*i704. 


Blenheim. 


1745. Jacobite rising. 


1799. 


Helder. 


1704- 


-8. Spain. 


1747. Val. 


1799. 


Crabbendam. 


1705- 


Gibraltar. 


1758. Cherbourg. 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1705- 


-6. Barcelona. 


1759-62. Germany. 


1799- 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


1706. 


Ramilies. 


1762. Denkern. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


1707. 


Almanza. 


1762. Wilhelmstahl. 


1806- 


-7. Sicily. 


1708 


Lisle. 


1776-81. America. 


*i8o8- 


-14. Peninsula. 


*i7o8. 


Oudenarde. 


1776. Brooklyn. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1708. 


(;hent. 


1777. Brandywine. 


*r8o9. 


Corunna. 



71 



TLbc (BrenaMer (5x\aii>3—<ro^/fiw:e.f. 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&c. — continued. 


"*i8ii. 


■ Barossa. 


1814-15. Netherlands. 


*i854. Inkerman. 


1813. 


St. Sebastian. 


1814. liergen-op-Zoom. 


*i855. Sevastopol. 


1813. 


St. Marcial. 


181 5. (Juatre Bras. 


*i882. Egypt. 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 


*i8is. \\'aterloo. 


"1882. Tel-el-Kebir. 


1813. 


Nive. 


1826-27. Portugal. 


'"1885. Suakim. 


1813. 


Xivelle. 


1838-42. Canada. 


*i898. Khartoum. 


1814. 


Bayonne. 


*i854. Alma. 


1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Starlet with Blue facings (from formation). 

Regimextal and other Badges. — On formation "The Red Cross of St. (;eorge" 
on a white ground ; also (till 1815) ''The Royal Cypher and Crown." From 
1815 "A Grenade,'' with three of the ancient company badges in rotation (as 
Colours are renew-ed). Also, ist Batt. — The Imperial Crown. 2nd. Batt. — The 



Royal Cypher, interlaced and reversed, surmounted by the Imperial Crown. 
Batt. — The same as 2iid Batt. The company badges are : — 



^.rd 



(i) The Royal Crest of England. 

(2) The Red and ^Vhite Rose. 

(3) The Eleur de Lys. 

(4) The Golden Portcullis. 

(5) The Rose en Soleii. 

(6) The Scottish Thistle. 

(7) The Harp of Erin. 

(8) The Red Dragon of Wales. 

(9) The White Greyhound with 

Golden Collar and Chain. 

(10) The Sun in Splendour. 

(11) The Unicorn of the Royal 

Crown of Scotland. 

(12) The Antelope. 

(13) A Royal Hart. 

(14J A Silver Ealcon within a Golden 
Fetterlock. 



(16) A White Swan. 

(17) The Falcon and Sceptre. 

(18) A Stock of a Tree putting forth a 

Green Shoot. 

(19) A Sword and Sceptre crossed. 

(20) The Boscobel Oak. 

(21) The Sun in the Clouds. 

(22) A Blazing Beacon. 

(23) Crossed ir'lumes. 

(24) The Royal Crest of Ireland. 

(25) The Cross of St. George. 

(26) The Lion of Nassau. 

(27) The Badge of the Order of the 

Bath. 

(28) The Crest of Old Saxony. 

(29) The Irish Shamrock. 

(30) The Crest of H.R.H. the late Prince 
Consort. 

' The House- 



(15) The Red Rose of Lancaster. 
N'icknames. — " The Sand Bags," " The Coal-heavers," " Old Eyes,' 

maids' Pets," " The Bermuda Exiles.'' 
Notes. — First raised in London by Colonel John Russell, and incorporated with the 

Royal Guards of Charles II., raised by Lord Wentworth in the Low Countries in 

1656. The title received in 181 5 was in recognition of having defeated the 

French Imperial Guards at Waterloo. 
Bibliography. — Ihe Orig:n and History of the isl or Grenadier Guards. By Lieut.- 

Gen. Sir T. W. Hamilton, K.C.B. 3 vols. With Illustrations. [London: 

Murray. 1874.] 



72 



^be CoIbBtream 6uarb?. 

3 Batts. 





The Star of the Garter. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 
1650-60. Colonel Monck's Regiment of Foot : also (popularly) Monck's Coldstreamers. 
T 660-6 1. The Lord General's Regiment of Foot. 
1661-70. The Lord General's Regiment of Foot Guards. 
1670-1817. The Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards. 
1817 (from). The Coldstream Guards. 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGxNS, BATTLES, &c 








* "Honours" on the Colours. 






1680- 


83. Tangier. 


1745. Jacobite rising. 


1799. 


Crabbendam. 


1689- 


97. Flanders. 


1758. Cherbourg. 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1689. 


Walcourt. 


1760-62. Germany. 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


1692. 


Steenkirk. 


1 761. Denkern. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


1693. 


Neer Landen. 


1762. Wilhelmstahl. 


*i8oi. 


Egypt. 


1695- 


Namur. 


1776-81. America. 


1801. 


Aboukir. 


1704- 


-8. Spain. 


1776. Brooklyn. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


1704. 


Gibraltar. 


1777. Brandy wine. 


1801. 


Marabout. 


1705- 


-6. Barcelona. 


1777. Germantown. 


1805. 


Hanover. 


1707. 


Almanza. 


1778. F"reehold. 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 


1707- 


-13. Germany. 


1 7 81. Guildford. 


*i8og- 


-14. Peninsula. 


1708. 


Oudenarde. 


1793-95. Flanders. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1708. 


Ghent. 


1793. St. Amand. 


1809. 


Douro. 


1709. 


Malplaquet 


1793. Valenciennes. 


*i8o9. 


Talavera. 


I7II. 


Bouchain. 


*i793. Lincelles. 


1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor. 


1742- 


-45. Flanders. 


1794. Tournay. 


*i8ii. 


Barossa. 


1743- 


Dettingen. 


1794. Cateau. 


1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


1799. Helder. 


1812. 


Badajos. 



73 



Ube Colbstreain Gi\avt)5—co;i&iuer/. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, ^c.—contiimai. 



1812. Burgos. 

1812. Salamanca. 

1813. St. Sebastian. 
1813. Vittoria. 

181 3. Pyrenees. 

1813. Bidassoa. 

1813. Nive. 

181 3. Nivelle. 



1814. Payonne. 

1 81 4-1 5. Netherlands. 

181 4. Bergen-op-Zoom. 

181 5. Quatre Bras. 
''i8r5. Waterloo. 

1827-28. Portugal. 
183S-42. Canada. 
'1854. Alma. 



*iS54. Inkerman. 

*i855. Sevastopol. 

*i882. Egypt 

*i882. Tel-el-Kebir. 

•1885. Suakim. 

1900. South Africa. 



L'xiFORM. — Scarlet faced with Green (1650-70) ; Starlet faced with Blue (from 1670). 

Regimental axd other Badges. — In 1660 a red cross on a green ground with six 
white balls ; in 1684 a St. George's Cross, bordered white on a blue ground. The 
Regulation device is for ist and 3rd Batts., the Star of the Order of the Garter, 
surmounted by the Imperial Crown ; 2nd Batt., a Star of eight points within the 
Garter, surmounted by the Imperial Crown, the Union within the dexter canton. 
Also in twos, in succession, as the Colours are renewed, the following company 
badges conferred by Royal Authority in r75i : — 



(1) A White Lion. 

(2) The Prince of Wales's Feathers. 

(3) A Spotted Panther. 

(4) Two Crossed Swords. 

(5) The George and Dragon. 

(6j A Red Rose within the Garter. 

(7) A Centaur. 

(8) Two Golden Sceptres crossed. 

(g) The Golden Knot of the Collar of 



(10) An Escarbuncle. 

(11) A White Boar with golden 

bristles. 

(12) A Dun Cow. 

(13) A Red and ^^'hite Rose empaled 

with a Pomegranate. 

(14) The White Horse of Hanover. 

(15) The Electoral Bonnet of Hanover. 

(16) The Hanover Horse. 



the Garter. 

Also " The Sphinx " for Egypt. 

NiCKNAiiES, &c. — " The Coldstreamers." " The Nulli Secundus Club." 

Notes. — The Regiment of Coldstream Guards is the direct and only descendant of 

the Parliamentary Infantry, all other corps having been disbanded at the 

Restoration. It derives its name from Monck's march from Coldstream to restore 

Charles II. 
Bibliography. — The Origin and Serviees of the Coldstream Guards. By Colonel Sir 

Daniel MacKinnon. 2 vols. [London: Bentley. 1833.] 

A Hiito7-y of the Coldstream Guards from 18 15 to 1895. By Lieut.-Col. Ross 

of Bladensburg, C.B. [London: iSg6.] 




^be Scots 6llar^s. 

3 Batts. 





KovAL Arms of Scotland. 



The Thistle. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 

1660-17 13. The Scots Regiment of Guards. 
1713-1831. The 3rd Foot Guards. 
1831-77. 'J'he Scots Fusilier Guards. 
1877 (from). The Scots Guards. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1689- 


-95. Flanders. 


1758- 


Cherbourg. 


1793- 


95. Flanders. 


1689. 


AValcourt. 


1759- 


62. German}'. 


"1793- 


Lincelles. 


1690. 


Boyne. 


1761. 


Denkern. 


1799. 


Helder. 


1693. 


Near Landen. 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 


1799. 


Crabbendam. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1776- 


-83. America. 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1709- 


-13. Spain. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee 


I7IO. 


Saragossa. 


1777. 


Brandywine. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


1742- 


-48. Flanders. 


1777- 


Germantown. 


1801. 


Aboukir. 


1743 


Dettingen. 


1778. 


Freehold. 


■■■1801. 


Egypt. 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


i78r. 


Guildford. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


1747- 


Val. 


1793- 


Valenciennes. 


1801. 


Marabout. 



75 

Zhc Scots (Buarbs— ^wAV/K^,/. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, h.c.— continued. 



1807. Copenhagen. 

1809-14. Peninsula. 

1809. Flushing. 

1809. Douro. 
'1809. Talavera. 
"1811. Barossa. 

1812. Badajos. 

181 2. Burgos. 



1812. Ciudad Rodrigo. 

1813. St. Sebastian. 
1814-15. Netherlands. 

1814. Bayonne. 

1814. Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1 81 5. Quatre Bras. 
■1815. AVaterloo. 

1826-28. Portugal. 



'"'1854. Alma. 
■■'1854. Inkerman. 
■""1854. Sevastopol. 
■■^1882. Egypt. 
••■■1882. Tel-el-Kebir 
"1885. Suakim. 
1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and White facings (from 1660 to circa 1713J; h;carlet and Blue 
facings (from circa 1713). 

Regimental and Other Badges. — The 1st Batt. : The Royal Arms of Scotland, 
with motto, " En ! Ferns Hostis,'' surmounted by the Imperial Crown ; 2nd Batt. : 
The Union Badge, viz., the Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock, with the motto, 
" Unita Fortior" surmounted by the Imperial Crown. Also two of sixteen 
company badges, with mottoes borne in rotation, as follows : — 
(i) The Royal Crest of Scotland, with (9) A Cannon firing, with " Concussce 



'•^Nemo me impune laccssit." 

(2) A Bombshell, with " Terrorevi 

offeror 

(3) A Lion erect, with " Infrepidus." 

(4) The Badge and Motto of the Order 

of the Thistle. 



cadent tirbes'' 

(10) A Salamander, with " Fascna nota 

tnihi." 

(11) St. Andrew's Cross, with "In hoc 

signo vijices." 

(12) A Trophy, with " Honor cs prafcro!' 



(5) The Red Lion rampant of Scotland, (13) KDog,\Vith." Intaniinafa fide." 

with collar and chain of gold, and (14) The Label of the Duke of Connaught, 
" Timiere nesciiis.'^ with " Te diice vincitnHi." 

(6) A Blue Griffin, with " Belloque (15) The Galley of Lome, with " A> 

ferox." obliviscaris !' 

(7) A Phoenix in flames, with "Per (16) The Rose and Thistle, with "Fecit 

funera viiam." cos en gentem iman:." 

(8) A Thunderbolt, with " Horror 

tibique." 

Also " The Sphinx," for Egypt (1801). 

Nickname. — " The Jocks." 

Notes. — Raised in Scotland by the Earl of Linlithgow. 



76 



XLbc Jrieb (Buarbs. 





The Harp and Crown. 



The Star of the OrdjiR of St. Patrick. 



By an Army Order (No. 77, April, 1900), "Her Majesty the Queen, having 
deemed it desirable to commemorate the bravery shown by the Irish regiments in the 
recent operations in South Africa, has been graciously pleased to command that an 
Irish regiment of Foot Guards be formed. This regiment will be designated 
' The Irish Guards.' " 

The details of the Uniform have not yet been fully settled ; the Harp and Crown 
appear on the buttons, and the Shamrock on the collar, while the regimental badge 
is the Star of the Order of St. Patrick. 

The Irish Guards commenced their public service as the guard of honour at the 
reception by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, at Paddington, of Lord Roberts, the 
Commander-in-Chief, on the occasion of his return from the field of operations in 
South Africa, i899-r9o[?]. 



V. 

TERRITORIAL REGIMENTS 



^be TRoi^al Scots (Xotbian IRegiment), 

COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The ist (The Royal Scots) Regiment; with 
3rd Batt. The Edinburgh Light Infantry Militia. 

"' JVciiio me impuue laccss'.t!' 





The Tiiisri.E and Crowx. 



The St. Andrew's Cros'^. 



The Si'Hinx. 



TITLES 

1 633-78. Le Regiment de Douglas. 

1678-84. Colonel the Earl of Dum- 
barton's Regiment of Foot. 

1684-1751. The Royal Regiment of 
Foot. 



1 81 2-2 1. The ist, or The Royal Scots 
Regiment of Foot. 

1821-71. The ist, or The Royal Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1871-81. The ist, the Royal Scots, 



1751-1812. The ist, or The Royal 1881 (from). The Royal Scots (Lothian 
Regiment of Foot. Regiment). 



1673. IVIaestricht. 
1680-83. Tangier. 
1689-97. Flanders. 
1689. Walcourt. 

1692. Steenkirk. 

1693. Neer Landen. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c 
* ''Honours'' on the Colours. 

1695. Namur. 

1 701-14. Germany. 

1702. Venloo. 

1704. Schellenberg. 
*i704. Blenheim. 
*i7o6. Ramilies. 



*i7o8. Oudenarde. 
1708. Wynendale. 



1708. Lisle. 

1708. Ghent. 

1709. Touniay. 
*i709. Malplaquet. 



79 



UF3e IRoBal Scots (Xotblaii t(icQimcnV—^o;i/ui?ta/. 





PRIXCIPAL 


TJ lO. 


Douaw 


1/4.- 


-49. Flandsrs. 


17-45- 


Fontenow 


1746. 


Culloden. 


1747- 


Hulst. 


1757- 


-60. Canada. 


1758. 


Louisbourg. 


1758- 


Ticonderoza. 


i7.t9- 


Guadalo'jpe. 


1761. 


Dominica. 


1762. 


Martinique. 


1762. 


Havannali. 


1793- 


Toulon. 


1794- 


Corsica. 


1799- 


Helder. 


1799. 


Crabbendam. 



CAMPAKiXS, BATTLES, &c.—cm^mue/. 



*1795. E^mont- op-Zee. 

1801. Aboukir. 
*i8oi. Egypt. 

1 80 1. Mandora. 

1 80 1. Alexandria. 
*i8o3. St. Lucia. 
*i8o9-i4. Peninsula. 
*i8o9. Corunna. 

1809. Flushing. 

1 810. Guadaloupe. 
*i8io. Busaco. 
*i8i2, Salamanca. 
'1813. Vittoria. 
*i8i3. S:. Sebastian. 
*i8i3. Nive. 

1814-15. Netherlands. 



1814. Bayonne 
*i8i4. 

1814. 

1815. 
*i8i5. 
*i8i7. 
*i8i7. 

1819. 
*i824- 



*t86o. 

*i86o. 

1900. 



Niagara. 

Bergen-op-Zjom. 
Quatre Bras. 
^\'aterloo. 
Nagpore. 
^Nlaheidpore. 
Asseerghur. 
26. Ava. 
39. Canada. 
Alma. 
Inlcerman. 
Sevastopol. 
Taku Forts. 
Pekin. 
South Africa. 



U.viFORM. — Scarlet with White facings (from 1678 probably to 1684); Scarlet and 
Blue facings (since 1684). 

Regimental Badges. — "The Royal Cypher" within the Collar of St. Andrew and 
the Crown over it. Also " The Thistle and Crown," with the Motto of the 
Order, '■'■Nemo me impiine lacessit." Also, The Sphinx, for Egypt (1801). In 
1633 it bore the St. Andrew's Cross, with the Thistle and Crown; and, in 1751, 
the distinction of the Colours of the 2nd Batt. was a flaming ray of gold from the 
upper corner of each Colour to the centre. 

NiCRNAME. — " Pontius Pilate's Body-guard " (from its antiquity). 

Notes. — Traditionally regarded as the ancient body-guard of the Scottish kings, this 
famous corps was in the service of Sweden, as " Hepburn's Regiment," from 1625 
to 1633; and in that of France from 1633 to 1678, when (under Dumbarton) it 
came to England. It received its title in 1684 in recognition of the capture of a 
Colour from the Moors at Tangier. At Sedgemoor (1685) it also captured the 
Duke of Monmouth's Standard. 

Bibliography, — Historical Record of the ist, or Royal Regiment of Foot. To 1838. 
Illustrated. [London : Longman. 1838.] 



8o 



^be (Queen's (IRoi^al Mest Surrey IRccjiment). 

COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 2nd (Queen's Royal) ; with 
3rd Batt. The 2nd Royal Surrey Militia. 

" Pristina virtiUis mevtory " Vel extivice tritimpliaiitr 




The Paschal Lamis. 



The Roval Cvi'hi-r 
WITHIN I'HE Garter. 



The Sphin.k. 



TITLES. 

1661-84. The Tangierenes, or Queen's 1727-51. The Queen's Own Regiment of 
Own Regiment of Foot. Foot. 

1 684-1 703. The Queen Dowager's Regi- 
ment of Foot. 1751-1881. The 2nd (Queen's Royal) 

1703-15. The Queen's Royal Regiment Regiment of Foot, 

of Foot. 

1715-27. The Princess of Wales's Own 1881 (from). The Queen's (Royal West 
Regiment of Foot. Surrey Regiment). 



1662-83. Tangier. 

1690. Boyne. 

1 691. Aughrim. 
1692-5. Flanders. 
1693. Neer Landen. 
1695. Namur. 
1702. Cadiz. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on ihe Colours. 
1703-4. Germany. 
1703. Tongres. 
1704-8. Spain. 
1707. Almanza. 
1 71 1. Quebec. 
1799. Helder. 
1790. Bergen. 



1 799. Egmont-op-Zee. 

1 80 1. Mandora. 
*i8oi. Egypt. 

1 80 1. Alexandria. 

1807. Rosetta. 
* 1 808-1 4. Peninsula. 
*t8o8. Vimiera. 



Ube (Siueen's (IRosal Mest Surrey IRegtment)— f<'-«'/«'/^i 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, iac—contimrJ. 



i8og. Flushing. 
*i8o9. Corunna. 

i8og. Talavera. 
*i8i2. Salamanca. 
*i8i3. Vittoria. 
*i8i3. Pyrenees. 
*i8i3. Nivelle. 



*i8i4. Toulouse. 
^1839. Afghanistan. 
*i839. Ghuznee. 
*i839. Khelat. 
1842. Cabool. 
*i8s 1-2-3 & 6-7. South 
Africa. 



*i86o. Taku Forts. 
*i86o. Pekin. 
* 1 886-8. Burma. 
«i897-8. Tirah. 
1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and Sea-Green facings (1661-1768; sea-green was the favourite 
colour of Queen Catherine ; see also " Badges ") ; Scarlet with Blue facings (from 
1768). 

Territorial Badges. — " The Paschal Lamb " (the crest of the house of Braganza) 
with the mottoes, " Pristina virtutis manor " and " Vel exuvicB trhanphanf." Also 
"The Royal Cypher within the Garter." Also " The Sphinx," for Egypt (i8or). 

Nicknames. — " Kirke's Lambs " (during the Monmouth Rebellion, 1683, under the 
Colonelcy of Piercy Kirke the reputation of the regiment was none of the best). 
"The Sleepy Queen's" (at Almeida, 1810, they carelessly allowed General 
Brennier to escape). " The Governor's Regiment " (on its formation for service 
in Tangier). 

Notes. — Tangier was part of the dowry of Catherine of Braganza, the Queen of 
Charles II. " The Paschal Lamb " is the crest of the royal house of Braganza, 
and the facings (sea-green) on formation were also in honour of the Queen. For 
gallantry at Tongres it received its title in 1 703 ; also possibly its second motto 
(" Even the Remnant Triumph "), a most desperate resistance of twenty-eight 
hours' duration having there been offered to the French attack. The other motto 
(" Mindful of Ancient Valour ") is thought to refer to Marlborough's Spanish 
campaigns, in which it saw much service, besides having been specially selected 
for reinforcements. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the 2nd, or Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot 
1661-1837. [London : Clowes. 1837.] 

History of the 2nd Queen's Royal Regiment, ttow the Qtieetis {Royal West 
Surrey) Regiment. By Colonel John Davis, F.S.A. Maps and Illustrations. 
Vol. I, 1661-84. Vols. 2 and 3, 1684-1799. [London: Bentley. 1887-95.] 



82 



^be Buff0 (East Ikent IRegiment), 



COMPRISING 



1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 3rd (East Kent — The Buffs) Regiment of Foot 
with a 

3rd Batt. The East Kent Militia. 



Vderi frondcscit honore." 




The Dragon. 




The United Rose 
AND Crown. 




The White Horse of Kent. 



TITLES. 

1665-89. The Holland Regiment (from 1751-82. The ' 3rd (or The Buffs) Regi- 

1572— ^««/. Queen Elizabeth — in ment of Foot. 

service of Holland). 1782-1881. The 3rd (East Kent-The 

1689-1708. Prince George of Denmark's Buffs) Regiment of Foot. 

^^^™™^' 1881 (from). The Buffs (East Kent) Regi- 

1708-51. The Buffs. . ment of Foot. 



83 

XTbe asuffs (JEast Ikent TRcQimcnt}— continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, 


BATTLES, &c. 


1689-97. Flanders. 


1745. Fontenoy. 


*i8i3. Pyrenees. 


1689. Walcourt. 


1747. Val. 


*i8i3. Nivelle. 


1693. Neer Landen. 


1759. Guadaloupe. 


*i8i3. Nive. 


i7°3-i3- Germany. 


1 761. Belle Isle. 


"1814. Orthes. 


1704. Schellenberg. 


1781. America. 


■"1814. Toulouse. 


^1704. Blenheim. 


1782. Jamaica. 


1814. Plattsburg. 


'1706. Ramilies. 


1794-95. Flanders. 


*i843. Punniar. 


'1708. Oudenarde. 


1794. Nimeguen. 


■"1855. Sevastopol. 


1708. Lisle. 


1796. Grenada. 


"i860. Taku Forts. 


1709. Tournay. 


*i8o8-i4. Peninsula. 


*i879. South Africa. 


1709. Malplaquet. 


■■'1809. Douro. 


"1895. Chitral. 


1 7 15. Jacobite rising. 


*i8o9. Talavera. 


1900. South Africa. 


1742-49. Flanders. 


*i8ii. Albuera. 




1743. Dettingen. 


*i8i3. Vittoria. 





Uniform. — Scarlet with Buff facings (from 1665). 

Regimental Badges.— "The Dragon'' (a badge of Queen Elizabeth). Also "The 
United Red and White Rose with the Imperial Crown " (also probably dating 
back to the Virgin Queen). Also " The White Horse of Kent," with " Invicta " 
(in 1 75 1 "The White Horse" was that of Hanover, but with the territorial 
classification the change was made). Motto, " Veteri frondescit honore!' In 1686 
the regiment bore " The Red Cross of St. George," bordered with white on a 
green ground. 

Nicknames, &c. — " The Buff Howards " (1737-49 — from its Colonel's name). " The 
Nutcrackers," and " The Resurrectionists " (at Albuera it is said to have shown 
despatch in cracking the heads, and to have rallied after dispersal at the hands of 
the Polish Lancers). "The Old Buffs" (to distinguish it from the 31st, the 
"Young Buffs"). 

Notes. — The Regiment of Buffs possesses the privilege of marching unhindered 
through the City of London with drums beating — a relic of Elizabethan days. At 
Punniar it captured eleven guns and a standard. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the yd Regiment of Foot, or The Buffs. 
To 1838. Illustrated with plates. [London: Longman. 1839.] 

G 2 



84 



ZTbe mrxQ's ®wn (IRoi^al Xancastcr IRegiment), 



COMPRISING 



ist & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 4th (The Kmg's Own Royal) ; with 
3rd & 4th Batts. The ist Royal Lancashire Militia. 






The Lion of England. 



The Royal Cypher within The Red Rose of Lancaster. 
THE Garter. 



TITLES. 

1680-84. The 2nd Tangier Regiment; 1702-15. The Queen's Marines. 

also The Tangierenes. 17 15-51. The King's Own Regiment. 

1684-85. The Duchess of York and 1751-1867. The 4th, or The King's Own 

Alhany's Regiment. Regiment. 

^o 00 ^, .^ . -n • 1867-1881. The 4th (The Kmg's Own 
1685-88. The Queen's Regiment. ' ,\ t, • . 

■^ ^ ° Royal) Regiment. 

1688-1702. The Queen Consort's Regi- 1881 (from). The King's Own (Royal 
ment. Lancaster Regiment). 



8s 

Ube Iktng's ®wn (IRogal Xancaster TRcQimcnt)— 'Continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
*" Honours" on the Colours. 



1685. 


Sedgemoor. 


1762. 


Martinique. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1690. 


Boyne. 


1762. 


Hav.mnah. 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 


1692- 


-95. Flanders. 


I77S- 


-78. America. 


*i8i3. 


Vittoria. 


1692. 


Steenkirk. 


1775- 


Lexington. 


•4813. 


St. Sebastian. 


1693. 


Neer-Landen. 


1775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


''1813. 


Nive. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


^^814. 


Bladensburg. 


1704- 


-9. Spain. 


1777. 


Germantown. 


1814. 


\\'ashington. 


1704. 


Malaga. 


1778. 


St. Lucia. 


1815. 


New Orleans. 


1705- 


Gibraltar. 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


■1815. 


Waterloo. 


1705- 


Barcelona. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


1815. 


Netherlands. 


1707. 


Almanza. 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 


-^854. 


Alma. 


1708. 


Minorca. 


••■1808- 


■14. Peninsula. 


*i854. 


Inkerman. 


I7II. 


Quebec. 


'""1809. 


Corunna. 


"1855. 


Sevastopol. 


1746. 


CuUoden. 


i8og. 


Flushing. 


1858. 


Indian Mutiny. 


1756. 


Minorca. 


1812. 


Cadiz. 


"1868. 


Abyssinia. 


1759- 


Guadaloupe. 


■1812. 


Badajos. 


'i879- 


South Africa. 


1761. 


Dominica. 


■^i8i2. 


Salamanca. 


1900. 


South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet, with bright Yellow facings (the Stuart livery, 1680-88), Scarlet, 
with Blue facings (from 1688). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Lion of England " (conferred by 
William III.). Also "The Royal Cypher within the Garter. Also " The Red 
Rose of Lancaster,'' since its territorial assignment to the County of Lancaster. 

Nicknames. — "Barrell's Blues" (from its Colonel's name, d?ra 1734-9, and long 
afterwards). " The Lions " (from its badge). 

Notes. — This regiment was, like The Queen's, originally raised near London, and in 
the West of England, for the defence of Tangier. It became a " Royal " 
regiment in recognition of its devotion to William III. From 1704 to 17 10 it 
served as a Marine corps. The present 2nd Battalion was formed in 1858. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the 4th, or The King's Own Regiment of Foot. 
1680-1839. Illustrated with plates. [London : Longman. 1839.] 



86 



^be IRortbumberlanb jfusiliers, 



COMPRISING 



IStJto 4th Batts. (formerly) The 5th (Northumberland Fusiliers) ; with 
5th Batt. The Northumberland Militia. 

" Quo fata vacant." 





St. George and the Dragon. 



The United Rose (slipped) and Crown. 



TITLES. 



1674-88. A "Holland Regiment" (in 
service of Prince of Orange : previous 
to 1684 "The Irish Regiment). 

1688-94. Colonel Edmond Lloyd's Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1694-1751. (Its Colonel's name) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



1751-82. The 5th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1836. The 5th (Northumberland) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1836-81. The 5th (Northumberland Fusi- 
liers) Regiment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The Northumberland Fusi- 
liers. 



1690. Boyne. 

1 691. Athlone. 
1 69 1. Limerick. 
1692-97. Flanders. 
1695. Namur. 
1707-13. Spain. 
1709, Caya. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 
1727. Gibraltar. 
1758. Cherbourg. 
1760-63. Germany. 
1760. Corbach. 
7760. Warbourg. 
1 7 61. Denkern. 



1775^78. America. 
1775. Lexington. 

1775. Bunker's Hill. 

1776. Brooklyn. 
1776. Long Island. 
1776. White Plains. 



^1762. Wilhelmstahl. 



1776. Brunx. 



87 



Zbc TRortbumberlanb jfusiliers— ««a>«/^^. 



1777. Brandywine. 

1777. Germantown. 

1778. St.Lucia (LaVigie). 
1787-97. Canada. 
1799. Bergen. 

1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 
1799. Crabbendam. 
1799. Alkmaer. 
1806. Buenos Ayres. 
"•1808-14. Peninsula. 



CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&C. — continued. 


*i8o8. Roleia. 


*i8i3. Vittoria. 


*i8o8. Vimiera. 


*i8i3. Nivelle. 


*i8o9. Corunna. 


*i8i4. Ortbes. 


1809. Flushing. 


*i8i4. Toulouse. 


1809. Talavera. 


1 814. Plattsburg. 


*i8io. Busaco. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1811. EI Bodon. 


'1857. Lucknow. 


*i8i2. Ciudad Rodrigo. 


* 1 87 8-80. Afghanistan. 


*i8i2. Badajos. 


■"'1898. Khartoum. 


*i8i2. Salamanca. 


1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (since 1688). Facings. — At first Yellow, subsequently changed to 
Green; in 1832 a "faded-leaf" Green; afterwards White, and now (1900) 
Gosling-green. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " St. George and the Dragon " (adopted when 
'■The Irish Regiment" became English). Also "The United Red and White 
Rose, with the Royal Crest," and the Motto " Quo fata rocant" (from 1751). 

Nicknames. — (i) " The Shiners " (at the time of " The Seven Years' War," from its 
smart appearance). Also (from Peninsula times) "The Old Bold Fifth" and 
"The Fighting Fifth." Also known, through being at headquarters in 1811, 
" Lord Wellington's Body-guard." 

Notes. — For defeating a French division of Grenadiers at Wilhelmstahl (1762) it was 
granted the privilege of wearing Fusilier caps ; also a white plume for gallantry at 
St. Lucia, and when it took the feathers from the caps of their French opponents. 
The 5th is now the only regiment retaining the distinction by a red and white 
hackle. At Wilhelmstahl Phoebe Hassell, the notorious " female soldier," served 
in the ranks. Its investment of Ciudad Rodrigo was specially commended by 
Lord Wellington. The territorial title was bestowed in 1782 in compliment to its 
Colonel, Earl Percy. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the J^iftA Regiment of Foot, or Northu7nberland 
Fusiliers. 1674 to 1837. [London: Clowes. 1838.] 

A Short Narrative of the ^th Regiment of Foot, or Northumberland Fusiliers. 
Printed for Private Circulation. [London: Howard, Jones, and Parkes. 1873.] 



88 



Zbe IRo^al Marwicf^sbire IReGiment, 

COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 6th (Royal First Warwickshire) Regiment of 
Foot ; the 3rd and 4th Batts. have been recently sanctioned, with two Militia 
Battalions. 

5th Batt. The I St Warwick Militia. 

6th Batt. The 2nd Warwick Militia. 






The Antelope. 



The Unitrd Rose 
AND Crown. 



The Bear and Ragged Staff. 



TITLES. 



1673-88. A "Holland Regiment." Also i7[?]-i832. The 6th (ist Warwickshire) 

(when raised) Colonel Sir Walter Regiment of Foot. 

Vane's Regiment of Foot. o o t-i ^..u /-d 1 ^ ^\T^^ ,-„i, 

,^° _ , „ n -r, ■ 1832-81. The 6th (Royal ist Warwick- 

1688-1702. Its Colonels name Regi- . , „ . ^ c -c t. 

' L J » shne) Regiment of Foot, 
ment of Foot. 

i702-[ ? ]. The "Sea Service" Regiment 1881 (from). The Royal Warwickshire 

of Foot. Regiment. 



89 

XTbe tRosal Marwicftsbire TRcgimcnt— continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 




* " Honours " on the Colours. 




1690. Boyne. 


"■"1808-14. Peninsula. 


1832. Baloochistan. 


1690-96. Flanders. 


■1808. Roleia. 


1840-41. Aden. 


1702. Cadiz. 


■""1808. Vimiera. 


"1846-47. South Africa. 


1704-10. Spain. 


■■■"1809. Corunna. 


""185 1-2-3. South Africa. 


1707. Almanza. 


1809. Flushing. 


1856-57. South Africa. 


17 10. Saragossa. 


"1813. Vittoria. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1 7 41. Carthagena. 


""'1813. Pyrenees 


i860. Thibet. 


1745. Jacobite rising. 


(Eschalar). 


1865. Jamaica. 


1772. St. Vincent. 


■""1 8 13. Nivelle. 


1868. Hazara. 


1776-77. America. 


■'■1813. Niagara. 


1869. Punjaub. 


1794. Martinique. 


"""1814. Orthes. 


"'1898. Atbara. 


1794. Guadaloupe. 


1814. Bordeaux. 


*i898. Khartoum. 


1796-98. Ireland. 


1 82 1-7. Kaffraria. 


igoo. South Africa. 


1 7 99-1 806. Canada. 


1832. Scinde. 





Uniform. — Red and Deep Yellow facings (1673-1832); Scarlet with Blue facings 
(since 1832). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Antelope " (an ancient Royal Badge — in 
Henry VI. 's reign one of the supporters of the Royal Arms). Also " The United 
Red and White Rose with the Imperial Crown " (the rose is with stalk and leaves 
— the Tudor rose had none of these appendages — and is thought to have been 
the badge of all the " Holland regiments.") Also " The Rampant Bear Chained 
to a Ragged Staff" — " Old Neville's Crest " — borne only since the territorial re- 
organisation. 

NicKNA.MES. — "Guise's Geese," " The Warwickshire Lads," "The Saucy Sixth." 

Notes. — As in the case of the Northumberland Fusiliers, this is one of the regiments 
that returned, after service in Holland, with Wilham of Orange in 1688. Its 
service has always been distinguished — it was cut up at Almanza in 1707 — and 
the Iron Duke characterised its performance at Eschalar (Pyrenees, 1813) as "the 
most gallant and finest thing I have ever witnessed." Also at Niagara it won 
special distinction, since when its general Colonial service has been unique. 

Bibliography. — Historical Recoi-d of the dth, or \st Royal Warwickshire Regiment of 
Foot. 1674-1838. Illustrated. [London . Longman. 1839.] 



9° 



^be IRo^al Jfusiliers (Cit^ of Xonbon IRcGiment), 

COMPRISING 

ISt & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment; Batts. 3 and 
4 recently sanctioned ; with Militia (three Battalions). 

5th Batt. The Royal Westminster Militia. 

6th Batt. The Royal London Militia ; and 

7th Batt. The Royal South Middlesex Militia. 




The United Rose and 
Garter. 




The White Horse. 



TITLES. 



1685-89. " Our Royal Regiment of 

Fusihers " ; also " Our Ordnance 

Regiment " ; formerly " The Tower 
Guards.'' 



1689-1881. The 7th (Royal Fusiliers). 

1881 (from). The Royal Fusihers (City 
of London Regiment). 



91 



Zbc IRosal jfusilters (Cits ot Xon5on "ViLZQimznt)— continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

•"Honours'' on the Colours. 



1689-go. Flanders. 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 


1690. Cork. 


"'1809. 


Peninsula. 


1690. Kinsale. 


"1809. 


Talavera. 


1692-96. Flanders. 


''1809. 


Martinique. 


1693. Neer Landen. 


1810. 


Busaco. 


1695. Namur. 


*i8ii. 


Albuera. 


1702. Cadiz. 


*l8l2. 


Badajos. 


1704-9. Spain. 


•4812. 


Salamanca. 


1705-6. Barcelona. 


•^813. 


Vittoria. 


1707. Lerida. 


*i8i3. 


Pyrenees. 


1773-82. America. 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 


1775- Quebec. 


*i8i4. 


Orthes. 



*i8i4. Toulouse. 
1 814. Bordeaux. 

1814. America. 

1815. New Orleans. 
'1854. Alma. 
"1854. Inkerman. 
*i855. Sevastopol. 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
"■'1879-80. Afghanistan. 
"1880. Kandahar. 

1 900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Red, with Yellow facings (1685) ; Red and Dark Blue facings (in 1742); 
now Scarlet and Blue facings. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The United Red and White Rose within the 
Garber, with the Crown over it." Also " The White Horse.'' 

Nicknames, &c. — "The Hanoverian White Horse." " The Elegant Extracts." 

Notes. — Raised at the time of the Monmouth Rebellion. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the ^tk Regiment, or Royal Fusiliers. 1685-1846. 
Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1847.] 

Historical Record of the "jth, or Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. Printed for 
private circulation. By Colonel G. H. Waller, Royal Fusiliers. [Dublin. 1877.] 



92 



^be 1kina'0 (Xiverpool IReotrttent), 



COMPRISING 



1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot; the 
3rd and 4th Batts. recently sanctioned ; with Militia Battalions. 

5th & 6th Batts. The 2nd Lancashire Militia. 




The White Horse and 
Garter. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 

1685-1702. The Princess Anne of 1751-1881. The 8th (The King's) Regi- 

Denmark's Regiment. ment. 

1702-16. The Queen's Regiment. 

1716-51. The King's Regiment; also t 881 (from). The King's (Liverpool 

the King's Hanoverian White Horse. Regiment). 



93 



Ube IRing's (Liverpool TRcQimcntj—^ofitinuaf. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1690. 


Boyiie. 


1746. 


Falkirk. 


rSoi. 


Mandora. 


I69I. 


Limerick. 


1746. 


Culloden. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


1696- 


-97. Flanders. 


1746. 


Roucoux. 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 


I70I- 


-14. Germany. 


1747- 


Val. 


*i8o9. 


Martinique. 


1702. 


Venloo. 


1760- 


-63. Germany. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1702. 


Li^ge. 


1760. 


Corbach. 


i8r2- 


-r4. America. 


1704. 


Schellenberg. 


1760. 


Warbourg. 


1813- 


-14. Quebec. 


*i7o4. 


Blenheim. 


1760. 


Zierenberg. 


1814. 


Plattsburg. 


*i7o6. 


Ramilies. 


1760. 


Campen. 


*i8i4. 


Niagara. 


*i7o8. 


Oudenarde. 


1761. 


Kirch Denkeni. 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny 


1708. 


Lisle. 


1761. 


Grafenstein. 


i8s7. 


Cawnpore. 


1709. 


Tournay. 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 


»i857. 


Delhi. 


*i7o9. 


Malplaquet. 


1768. 


America. 


1857- 


Pillour. 


1710. 


Douay. 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


*i857. 


Lucknow. 


1715- 


Jacobite rising. 


1794- 


Martinique. 


1857. 


Agra. 


1715- 


Dunblane. 


1794- 


Guadaloupe. 


*i876- 


-80. Afghanistan. 


1742- 


-48. Flanders. 


1794- 


Nimeguen. 


*i878. 


Peiwar Kotal. 


*i743- 


Dettingen. 


1794- 


St. Lucia. 


*i885- 


-87. Burma. 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


1796. 


Grenada. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1745- 


Jacobite rising. 


*i8oi. 


Egypt. 







Uniform. — Scarlet and bright Yellow facings (1685 to 1716); Scarlet and Blue 
facings (from 17 16). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The White Horse within the Garter " (for 
services during the Jacobite rising of 17 15, the corps suffering heavily at Dunblane. 
At the same time and for a similar reason it received its title of " King's "). Also 
" The Royal Cypher and the Imperial Crown." Also " The Sphinx," for Egypt 
(1801). Motto, " JVec aspera terrent" (" Nor do difficulties terrify us"). 

Notes. — Raised chiefly in Derbyshire at the time of the Monmouth Rebellion. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the &tk, or King's Regiment of Foot. 1685-1844. 
Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1844.] 

Historical Record of The King's (Liverpool) Regiment of Foot. 1 685-1 881. 
By General Cunningham Robertson. Illustrated. [London: Harrison. 1883.] 



94 



ZTbe IRorfoIk IRegiment, 



COMPRISING 

ist & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot ; 

with Militia Battalions. 
3rd Batt. The I St Norfolk Militia. 
4th Batt. The 2nd Norfolk Militia. 




The Figure of Britannia. 



TITLES. 



1685-88. Colonel Henry Cornwell's Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1688-1751. (Its Colonel's name) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



1751-82. The 9th Regiment of Foot. 

1 782-1881. The 9th (East Norfolk) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The Norfolk Regiment. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1689. Londonderry. 

1690. Boyne. 

1 69 1. Aughrim. 

1 701-4. Germany. 
1702. Lidge. 



1702. Kaiserswerth. 
1702. Venloo. 
1702. Huy. 
1704-10. Spain. 
1707. Almanza. 



1707. Valencia d' Alcan- 
tara. 
1707. Albuquerque. 
1 7 ID. Almanara. 
17 10. Badajos. 



95 



Ube IRorfolf? TRcQimcnt—'^oniinued. 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&c. — continued. 


I7I0. 


Vellina. 


*i8o8. 


Vimiera. 


*i8i3. Nive. 


I76I. 


Belle Isle. 


*i8o9. 


Corunna. 


1813. Nivelle. 


1762. 


Havannah. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1 8 14. Bayonne. 


1775- 


-81. America. 


1809. 


Douro. 


*i842. Cabool. 


1777. 


Stillwater. 


*i8io. 


Busaco. 


^1845. Moodkee. 


1794. 


Martinique. 


1811. 


Barossa. 


*i845. Ferozeshah. 


1794- 


St. Lucia. 


1811. 


Tarifa. 


*i846. Sobraon. 


1796. 


Guadaloupe. 


1811. 


Tarragona. 


*i855. Sevastopol. 


1796. 


Grenada. 


1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor. 


*i879-8o. Afghanistan, 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1812. 


Badajos. 


*i879. Cabool. 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


*l8l2. 


Salamanca. 


1889. Burma. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


*i8i3. 


Vittoria. 


1900. South Africa. 


*i8o8- 


-14. Peninsula. 


"1813. 


St. Sebastian. 




*i8o8. 


Roleia. 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 





Uniform. — Scarlet with Blue facings (from 1685 to well on in the i8th Century); 
Scarlet and Yellow facings (in 17 51). In Irish Army Lists, circa 1718-46, it is 
set down as with Orange facings. At present Scarlet and White facings. 

Regimental Badge. — " The Figure of Britannia " — " This distinguished badge 
was given to you for your gallantry at the battle of Almanza, during the 
War of Succession in Spain, by Queen Anne. On the occasion of that battle it 
is recorded that you lost 24 officers and had 300 killed and wounded out of 467. 
In retiring from the field the regiment covered the retreat of General Lord 
Galway, a most arduous, hazardous, and difficult service. The regiment thus 
upheld the honour of Great Britain, and was rewarded for it by Queen Anne by 
allowing them to wear the figure of Britannia on their breastplates." — General 
Bainbridge, in 1848, when presenting new Colours. 

Nicknames, SiC. — " The Holy Boys " (tradition says, for selling Bibles for drink in 
the Peninsula ; but tradition likewise says because the Spaniards mistook the 
figure of Britannia on their belts for the Virgin Mary. " The Fighting Ninth." 
" The Norfolk Howards." 

Notes. — ^It captured the Colours of the 2nd Hampshire Regiment at Fort Anne 
in 1777. 

Bibliography. — -Historical Record of the qth, or Bast Norfolk Regiment of Foot. 
1685-1847. Illustrated with plates. [London: Parker. 1848.] 



96 



^be Xincolnsbire IReaiment, 

COMPRISING 

st & 2nd Batts. The loth (North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot; with 
Mihtia Battahons. 

3rd Batt. The Royal North Lincoln Militia. 

4th Batt. The Royal South Lincoln Militia. 




The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 

1685-95. Colonel Sir John Greville's 1751-82. The loth Regiment of Foot. 

(The Earl of Bath) Regiment of 

^^^^ ' " 1782-1881. The loth (North Lincoln- 

shire) Regiment of Foot. 



1 695-175 1. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



r88i (from). The Lincolnshire Regiment. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1690-96. Flanders. 
1692. Steenkirk. 
1 7 01-13. Germany. 
1702. Kaiserswerth. 



1702. Liege. 

1704. Schellenberg. 
*i704. Blenheim. 

1705. Neer Hespen. 



''1706. Ramilies. 
'1708. Oudenarde. 

1708. Lisle. 

1708. Ghent. 



97 



XTbe Xincolnsbire iRcQimcnt— continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, inc.— continued. 



1709. Tournay. 
*i709. Malplaquet. 

17 1 1. Bouchain. 

17 12. Quesnoy. 
1767-78. America. 
1775. Lexington. 

1775. Bunker's Hill. 

1776. Long Island. 
1776. White Plains. 
1776. Brunx. 



1777. Brandywine. 

1777. Germantown. 

1778. Freehold. 
1798. Grenada. 

■"'1801. Egypt. 

1809. Flushing. 

1809. Ionian Islands. 
*i8i2-i4. Peninsula. 
'^1846. Sobraon. 
*i848-49. Punjaub. 



*i849. Mooltan. 
*i849. Goojerat. 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
*i857. Lucknow. 

1875-76. Perak. 

1888. Burma. 
*i898. Atbara. 
"1898. Khartoum. 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Blue faced with Red (when raised) ; Scarlet and Yellow facings (sub- 
sequently, but when is unknown) ; Scarlet with White facings (present time). 

Regimental Badge. — "The Sphinx,'' for Egypt (1801). 

Nickname. — "The Springers" (during American War: also applied to the 62nd). 

Notes. — The loth were the only regiment of Foot dressed in Blue when raised. 
Amongst other distinctions this regiment has been wrecked, has lost its way in the 
Arabian desert, has been attacked by plague, and took part in a gallant dash 
without the loss of a man. In the Mutiny it did much hard work. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the 10th (or North Lincolnshire) Regiment of 
Foot. 1685-1847. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1847.] 



98 



^be Devonsbire IRegiment, 

COMPRISING 



1st & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The nth (North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot> 

with MiHtia Batts. 
3i;d Batt. The 2nd Devon Militia. 
4th Batt. The istDevon Militia. 




The Castle of Exeter and Motto. 



TITLES. 



168.5-87. Colonel the Duke of Beaufort's 
Regiment of Foot. 

1687-1751. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



1751-82. The nth Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1881. The nth (North Devonshire) 

Regiment of Foot. 
1881 (from). The Devonshire Regiment. 



1690. Boyne. 
1690. Athlone. 
1690. Limerick. 
1690-96. Flanders. 
1692. Steenkirk. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &:c. 

* " Honours" on the Colours. 

1703-4. Germany. 
1706-8. Spain. 
1707. Almanza, 
1 708-1 1. Germany. 
1709. Malplaquet. 



1709. Mons. 

1709. Pont-k-Vendin, 

1 7 10. Douay. 
17 10 Bethune. 
1710. Aire. 



99 



XCbe Devonsbire TRcQimcnt—cen^inwd. 



PRIXCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.— iwA>/?/rfl'. 



17 lO. 


St. Venant. 


1760. 


Campen. 


"1813. 


Xivelle. 


I7II. 


Quebec. 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 


■1813. 


Nive. 


1715- 


Jacobite rising. 


1793- 


Toulon. 


••■■18 14. 


Orthes. 


1715- 


Dunblane. 


1794- 


Corsica. 


■■■1814. 


Toulouse. 


1742- 


-8. Flanders. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1837- 


-38. Ionian Islands. 


1743- 


Dettingen. 


""1809- 


-14. Peninsula. 


1838- 


-39. Canada. 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


1810. 


Busaco. 


"1879- 


-80. Afghanistan. 


1745- 


Jacobite rising. 


1811. 


Sabugal. 


1895. 


Chitral. 


1746. 


Roucoux. 


^^1812. 


Salamanca. 


•=•1897- 


-98. Tirah. 


1760- 


-3. Germany. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1760. 


Corbach. 


1813. 


Vittoria. 






1760. 


A\'arbourg. 


''1813. 


Pyrenees. 







Uniform. — Scarlet and " Tawny " facings (in 1685); Scarlet and Green facings (in 
1742) ; Scarlet and White facings (present time). 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The Castle of Exeter." Motto, "Semper 
fidelis " (an allusion to the Civil ^Vars). 

Nickname. — " The Bloody Eleventh " (from its having been cut to pieces at Salamanca 
by the French, when capturing a standard). 

Notes. — The regiment captured the drums of the nth French Infantry at Flushing. 
Its service is fitly and truly described by its motto (" Always faithful "). 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the i\th, or North Devon Regiment. 1685-1845. 
Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1845.] 



tTbe Suffolk IRcatment, 



COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 12th (East Suffolk) Regiment of Foot; with 

Militia Batts. 

3rd Batt. The West Suffolk Militia ; and 

4th Batt. The Cambridge Militia. 




The Castle, the Key, and Motto. 



TITLES. 

1685 {ante). Colonel The Duke ot Nor 1685-17 51. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 
folk's Regiment of Foot. ment of Foot. 

1751-82. The i2th Regiment of Foot. 
1685-86. Colonel The Earl of Lichfield's 1782-1881. The 12th (East Suffolk) Regi- 
Regiment of Foot. ment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The Suffolk Regiment. 



ZbC SUffOlf^ TRCQimCnt—comfmi/e^. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



' Honours " on the Colours. 



1690. Boyne. 


1761. Denkern. 


1691. Aughrim. 


1762. Wilhelmstahl. 


1694-97. Flanders. 


1779-83. Gibraltar. 


17 19. Messina. 


1794. Martinique. 


1742-45. Flanders. 


1794. Guadaloupe. 


1743. Dettingen. 


1794-95. Flanders. 


1745. Fontenoy. 


1794. Nimeguen. 


1758-63. Germany. 


1795. Guildermalsen. 


1759. Minden. 


*i798-i8o7. India. 



1799. Mallavelly. 
*i799. Seringapatam. 

1 8 10. Bourbon. 

181 o. Mauritius. 
*T 85 1-53. South AfricT. 
*i863-66. New Zealand. 
* 1 87 8-80. Afghanistan. 

1888. Hazara. 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and White facings (in 1685) ; Scarlet and Yellow facings (in 1751); 
Scarlet and White facings (present time), t 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Castle and Key " (the arms of Gibraltar, 
where it served on defensive for many years), and the Motto, " Montis insignia 
calpe." 

Nickname. — " The Old Dozen " (from the late regimental number). 

Notes. — This regiment was first raised in Norfolk and Suffolk. At the storming of 
Seringapatam it captured eight stand of colours. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The 12th, or East Suffolk Regiment. 1685-1847. 
Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1847.] 

t Whilst this book was passing through the press the Yellow facings have been restored. 



^be prince Elbert's (Somereetsbtre OLigbt Jnfantri?), 



COMPRISING 



1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 13th (ist Somersetshire) (Prince Albert's Light 

Infantry) Regiment ; with Militia. 
3rd Batt. The ist Somerset Militia; and 
4th Batt. The 2nd Somerset Militia. 





The Mural Crown. 



The Sphinx. 



1685-88. Colonel The Earl of Hunting- 
don's Regiment of Foot. 

1688-1751. [Its Colonel's name] Regiment 

of Foot. 
1751-82. The 13th Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1822. The 1 3th (First Somersetshire) 

Regiment of Foot. 



TITLES. 

1822-42. The 13th (First Somersetshire 
Light Infantry) Regimenr. 

1842-1881. The 13th (ist Somersetshire) 
(Prince Albert's Light Infantry) 
Regiment. 

1 88 1 (from). The Prince Albert's (Somer- 
setshire Light Infantry). 



PRIXCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, IJATTLES, &c. 
* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1689. Killicrankie. 

1690. Boyne. 
1690. Cork. 
1690. Kinsale. 
1701-3. Flanders. 
1702. Kaiserwcrth. 



1702. Venloo. 
1702. Ruremonde. 
1702. Huy. 
1702. Limberg. 
1702. Liege. 
1704-11. Spain. 



1704-5. Gibraltar. 
1705. Barcelona. 
1707. Almanza. 
1709. Caya. 
1 7 II. Tortosa. 
1711. St. Matheo. 



103 

'irbe prince Elbert's (Somersetsbire 2Ligbt Snfm\t\:^)—io;amMd. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.— continued. 



1727. Gibraltar. 
1742-48. Flanders. 
'*i743. Dettingen. 
1745. Fontenoy. 

1745. Jacobite rising. 

1746. Roucoux. 

1747. Val. 

1793-95. San Domingo. 
*i8oi. Egypt. 



1 80 1. Mandora. 

1 80 1. Alexandria. 
"1809. Martinique. 

1 810. Guadaloupe. 

1813-15. America. 

1814. Plattsburg. 
'"1824-26. Ava. 

1825-27. Burma. 
'■■'1839. Afghanistan. 



'■■'1839. Ghuznee. 
"1842. Jellalabad. 
"•■1842. Cabool. 
"1855. Sevastopol. 

1858. Indian Mutiny. 
""■1878-79. South Africa. 
•"■1885-87. Burma. 

iQoo. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and Yellow facings (1685-1842); Scarlet and Blue facings (from 
1842). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " A Mural Crown " superscribed " Jellalabad " 
(where it captured three standards from the Afghans). Also "The Sphinx" for 
"Egypt" (1801). 

Nicknames.^" I'he Bleeders," "The Illustrious Garrison," "The Jellalabad Heroes."" 

Notes. — Chiefly raised in Buckinghamshire. For its services at Culloden (1746) it' 
wears the sash knots on the right side. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The T.2i^h, xsf Somerset, or Prince Albert s Light 
Infantry. 1685-1848. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1848.] 

Historical Record of The i^th, 1st Somersetshire, or Prince Alberts Light 
Infantry. By Thomas Carter. Illustrated. [London : Mitchell. 1867.] 



I04 



^be prince of Males's ®wn (Mest IPorfisbire IReoiment), 



COMPRISING 



1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 14th (Buckinghamshire— The Prince of Wales's 

Own) Regim.ent of Foot ; with Militia Batts. 
3rd Batt. The 2nd West York Militia ; and 
4th Batt. The 4th West York Militia. 




The White Horsk and 

MOITO. 




The Plume of the 
Trince of Wales. 




The Royal Tiger. 



TITLES. 

1685-88. Colonel Sir Edward Hales's 1809-76. The 14th (Buckinghamshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 688-1 7 5 1. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 14th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1809. The 14th (Bedfordshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



Regiment of Foot. 

1876-81. The 14th (Buckinghamshire — 
The Prince of Wales's Own) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The Prince of Wales's Own 
(West Yorkshire Regiment). 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1692-96. Flanders. 
1693. Neer-Landen. 
1695. Namur. 
1727. Gibraltar. 



1745. Flanders. 

1746. Falkirk. 
1746. Culloden. 
1766-71. America. 



1793-95. Flanders. 
1793. Famars. 
1793. Valenciennes. 
1793. Dunkirk. 



105 



Zhc iprince ot OTales's ©wn (Mest 19orf?sbire 1ReQmcnt)—continMd. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c.— continued. 



*I794. Tournay. 

1795. Guildermalsen. 

1796. St. Lucia. 
*i 807-3 1. India. 

1808-9. Peninsula. 
*i8o9. Corunna. 
1809. flushing . 



1810. Mauritius. 

1 81 1. Tarifa. 
*i8ii. Java. 

1814. Genoa. 

1815. Netherlands. 
*i8i5. Waterloo. 

1815. Cambray. 



'■■■1826. Bhurtpore. 

1855. Sevastopol. 
"1860-66. New Zealand. 
■'1879-80. Afghanistan. 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Red and Yellow facings (in 1685) 
Scarlet with White facings (present time). 



Scarlet with Buff facings (in 1742) 



Regimental and other Badges. — "The Prince of Wales's Plume" (from 1876). 
Also "The White Horse," and Motto, '' Nee aspera terrent" (from 1765). Also 
" The Royal Tiger " (for service in India 1807-31). 

Nicknames, &c. — "The Old and Bold." " Calvert's Entire" (from 1806 to 1826 its 
Colonel was Sir Harry Calvert, at whose request the county title was changed in 
i8og. He had large estates in mid-Buckinghamshire, now represented by the 
Vemeys). " The Powos." 

Notes. — This regiment was one of the trio knoTiTi in the 1793-95 Flanders campaign 
as " The Fighting Brigade." Characterised by the Earl of Albemarle as 
"composed of boys, but fine boys," they suffered heavily at Waterloo. The 
regiment was first raised in Kent. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The \d,th, or the Buckinghamshire Regiment. 
1685-1845. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1845.] 

Historical Records of the \\th Regiment {now Prince of Wales's Own West 
Yorkshire). Prom its formation in 1685 to 1892. By Captain H. O'Donnell. 
With full-page coloured and other illustrations, and illustrations in the text. 
[Devonport : Swiss. 1893.] 



io6 



^be lEast J^orhsbire IRcgiment, 

COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 15th (Yorkshire East Riding) Regiment 

of Foot ; with Militia Batt. 

3rd Batt. The East York Militia. 




The White Rose and Star. 



TITLES. 
1685-86. Colonel Sir William Clifton's 1751-82. The 15th Regiment of Foot. 

Regiment. 1782-1881. The isth (York, East Riding) 

1686-1751.. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 



ment of Foot. 



Regiment of Foot. 
1881 (from). The East Yorkshire Regiment. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c 

* " Honours'' on the Colours. 



1694-97. Flanders. 
1695. Namur. 
1702-12. Germany. 

1703. Liege. 

1704. Schellenberg. 



*i7o4. Blenheim. 

*i7o6. Ramilies. 

*i7o8. Oudenarde. 

1708. Lisle. 

1705. Tournay. 



''lyog. Malplaquet. 

1709. Mons. 

1 7 10. Douai. 

17 1 1. Bouchain. 

1 7 41. Carthagena. 



I07 



XTbe East 13or??sbire TRcQimait—cm/imed. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, Sac— continued. 



1745. Jacobite rising. 

1758-60. Canada. 
■■''1758. Louisburg. 
*i759. Quebec. 

1760. Sillery. 

1762. Martinique. 



1762. Havannah. 
1776-78. America. 

1776. Brooiclyn. 

1777. Brandy wine. 

1777. Germantown. 

1778. St. Lucia. 



1794. Martinique. 

1794. Guadaloupe. 
"1809. Martinique. 
*i8io. Guadaloupe. 

1 81 5. Martinique. 
""1879-80. Afghanistan. 



Uniform. — Scarlet faced with Yellow (in 1685); Scarlet with White facings (present 
time). 

Regimental Badge. — " The White Rose " (of York). 

Nicknames. — " The Snappers," " The Poona Guards." 

Notes. — This regiment is specially distinguished for West India service — note its 
repeated capture of Martinique and Guadaloupe during the campaigns against 
France. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the z^th {East Yorkshire) Regiment. 1685-1848. 
Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1848.] 



io8 



^be Bebforbsbirc IRegiment, 



COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The i6th (the Bedfordshire) Regiment of Foot; with 

Militia Batts. 
3rd Batt. The Bedford Militia. 

4th Batt. The Hertford Militia. 




The United Red and White Rose. 



TITLES. 



1688-1751. Colonel James Douglas's 
Regiment of Foot (when raised) ; 
subsequently by the name of succes- 
sive Colonels (in 1689 Colonel James 
Stanley). 

1751-82. The 16th Regiment of Foot. 

1 7 82-1 809. The 1 6th (Buckinghamshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



1809-81. The i6th (Bedfordshire) Regi- 
ment of Foot (the county title was 
exchanged with the 14th at the 
request of the Colonel of that regi- 
ment). 



$1 (from), 
ment. 



The Bedfordshire Regi- 



log 



Ube Be&forbsbtre TReQimcnt—'^o^itmued. 



PRINCIPAl. CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



1689-97. Flanders. 
1689. Walcourt. 

1692. Steenkirk. 

1693. Neer Landen. 
1695. Namur. 
1702-12. Germany. 
1702. Liege. 

1704. Schellenberg. 



" " Honours'' on the Colours. 

'"'1704. Blenheim. 
*i7o6. Ramilies. 
*i7o8. Oudenarde. 

1708. Lisle. 

1709. Tournay. 
*i7o9. Malplaquet. 

1 7 41. Carthagena. 
1742. Cuba. 



1778. Baton Rouge. 

1779-81. America. 

1 7 81. Pensacola. 

1793-94. San Domingo. 

1795. Jamaica. 
'■'1804. Surinaam. 
"1895. Chitral. 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with White facings (in 1688) ; Scarlet and deep Yellow facings (in 
1742) ; Scarlet and White facings (present time). 

Regimental Badge. — " The United Red and White Rose." 



Nicknames. — "The Old Bucks" (before 1809, when the county title was exchanged 
with the 14th). "The Peacemakers." "The Featherbeds." 

Notes. — One of twelve regiments raised in 1688. It and the 17th Foot alone 
remain (1900). 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the 16th, o?- Bedfordshire Regimetit. 1 688-1 848. 
Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1848.] 



Cbe Xeicestersbire IRcgiment, 

COJIPRISING 

ist & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 17th (Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot; with 

Militia Batt. 

3rd Batt. The Leicestershire Militia. 




[^ 



INDOOSTAN. 



The Royal Tiger. 



TITLES. 

1688-89. Colonel Solomon Richards' 1751-82. The 17th Regiment of Foot. 

Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The 17th (Leicestershire) 

1680-171; I. [Its Colonel's name] Rem- ^ . ^ ^ 

r -^ ^ /■ ^ f- 1 " 1 Regnnent of Foot, 

ment of toot (m 1702 Colonel ° 

Holcroft Blood). 1 881 (from). The Leicestershire Regiment. 



PRINCIPAL CAT^IPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
'Honours" on the Colours. 



1693-97. Flanders. 
1693. Neer Landen. 
1695. Namur. 
1702-4. Germany. 
r7o2. Venloo. 



1702. Huy. 
1702. Lie'ge. 
1704-9. Spain. 
1707. Almanza. 
17 1 5. Jacobite rising. 



1757-60. Canada. 
'1758. Louisbourg. 
1762. Martinique. 
1762. Havannah. 
1775-81. America. 



Zhc Xeicestersbtre IRcQiment—'^onfinued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, ?>lc.— continued. 



1776. Brooklyn. 

1777. Brandywine. 

1777. Germantomi. 

1778. Freehold. 
1796. San Domingo. 
1799. Haider. 



1799. Crabbendam. 

1799. Bergen. 

1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 
* 1 804-2 3. Hindoostan. 
*i839. Afghanistan. 
^■1839. Ghuznee. 



*i839. Khelat. 
*i855. Sevastopol. 
^^1878-79. Afghanistan. 
*i878. AH Masjid. 
1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with Greyish-white facings (1688-17 90); Scarlet and White 
facings (from 1790). 

Regimental Badge. — "The Royal Tiger within a Wreath,'' superscribed 
"Hindoostan" (for services in India from 1804-23). 

Nicknames. — (i) "The Bengal Tigers" (from its badge); (2) "The Lily-whites"' 
(from its facings). 

Notes. — Mainly raised near London : twelve regiments in all were formed in 1688, 
but this and The i6th (The Bedfordshire) are alone in commission now. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The i^th, or Leicester sJiire Regiment. 1688— 
1848. [London: Parker. 1848.] 



Zbc IRo^al 3ri6b IRegiment, 

COMPRISING 

1st Sr 2nd Batts. (formerly) The i8th (The Royal Irish) Regiment of Foot; 

with Militia Batts. 
3rd Batt. The Wexford Militia. 
4th Batt. The North Tipperary Militia. 
5th Batt. The Kilkenny Militia. 




The Lion of Nassau. 




The Harp and Crown. 





The Dragon of China. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 
1684-86. Colonel the Earl of Granard's 1695-1751. The Royal Regiment of 
Regiment of Foot. Ireland. 

1751-1881. The 18th (The Royal Irish) 
1686-1695. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- Regiment of Foot. 

ment of Foot. 1881 (from). The Royal Irish Regiment. 



"3 



Ube IRogal Jrisb TRcQiment—coHfimied. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours. 



1690. 


Boyne. 


1709. 


Tournay. 


1809. 


San Domingo. 


I69I. 


Limerick. 


"1709. 


Malplaquet. 


'■"1840- 


-42. China. 


I69I. 


Aughrim. 


1711. 


Bouchain. 


1852. 


Rangoon. 


1693- 


-97. Flanders. 


1715- 


Aire. 


■"■1852- 


-53. Pegu. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1727. 


Gibraltar. 


"1855. 


Sevastopol. 


1702- 


-15. German}-. 


1745- 


Flanders. 


••-1863- 


-66. New Zealand. 


1702. 


Venloo. 


1775- 


-76. America. 


■'1879- 


•80. Afghanistan. 


1702. 


Liege. 


1775- 


Lexington. 


-1882. 


Egypt. 


1704. 


Schellenberg. 


1775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


1882. 


Kassassin. 


1704. 


Blenheim. 


1793- 


Toulon. 


■1882. 


Tel-el-Kebir. 


1705. 


Neer-Hespen. 


1794- 


Corsica. 


■^^■1884- 


-85. Nile. 


1706. 


Ramilies. 


•■■1801. 


Egypt. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1708. 


Oudenarde. 


1801. 


Mandora. 






1708. 


Lisle. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 







Uniform. — Scarlet with Blue facings (from 1684). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Harp and Crown." Also " The Lion of 
Nassau," with Motto, " Firfufis Namurcensis PrcBiniuiii " — " the reward of valour 
at Namur" — (both bestowed by William III. for prowess in assault at the siege of 
Namur). Also "The Sphinx," for Egypt (1801). Also "The Dragon," for China 
(1840-42). Also (till 1695) "The Cross of St. Patrick." 

Notes. — The only regiment now in existence out of nineteen raised in Ireland from 
the Independent Garrison Companies of the Commonwealth. 

Nicknames. — " Paddy's Blackguards," " The Namurf." 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the \%th, or Royal Irish Regiment. 1684-1848. 
[London : Parker. 1848.] 



114 



^be princess of Males's ®wn (I^orf^sbire IRegiment), 



COMPRISING 



1st & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 19th (ist Yorkshire, North Riding — Princess of 

Wales's Own) Regiment of Foot ; with Militia Batts. 

3rd Batt. The sth West York Militia. 

4th Batt. The North York Militia. 




The White Rose. 




The Princess of Wales's 
Cypher with Crown and Coronet. 



TITLES. 



1688-91. Colonel Francis Luttrell's Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1691-1751. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 
ment of Foot (in 1693 Colonel 
Earl's). 

1751-S2. The 19th Regiment of Foot. 



1782-1875. The 19th (ist Yorkshire, 

North Riding) Regiment of Foot. 
1875-81. The 19th (ist Yorkshire, North 

Riding — Princess of Wales's Own) 

Regiment of Foot. 
1 88 1 (from). The Princess of Wales's 

Own (Yorkshire Regiment). 



115 

Ube princess of TKHales's ®wn (l^orhsbtre TRcQlmcntj—'^ontinued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours. 



t; 692-96. Flanders. 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


1817- 


-19. Ceylon. 


1692. Steenkirk. 


1746. 


Roucoux. 


''1854- 


Alma. 


1693. Neer Landen. 


1747- 


Val. 


-1854. 


Inkerman. 


1695. Namur. 


1761. 


Belle Isle. 


"1855. 


Sevastopol. 


1709-13. Germany. 


1781- 


-82. America. 


1858. 


Indian Mutiny, 


1709. Malplaquet. 


1793- 


Nieuport. 


1868. 


Hazara. 


1709. Pont-k-Vendin. 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


1884- 


-85. Nile. 


1 7 10. Douay. 


1795- 


Guildermalsen. 


•'■1897- 


-98. Tirah. 


1 7 II. Bouchain. 


1799. 


Seringapatam. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1744-48. Flanders. 


1810. 


Mauritius. 







Uniform. — Scarlet with Grass-Green facings (to 1881); Scarlet and White facings 
(since 1881). Recently (1900) the grass-green facings have been restored. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The '\^'hite Rose " (of York) in the Regulations. 
Also a special device on various appointments — "H.R.H. the Princess of Wales's 
Cypher and Coronet, combined with a Cross " ; on the cross, 1875. 

Nicknames. — " Tlie Green Howards,'' "Howard's Garbage,'' or "Howard's Greens," 
from its facings and Colonel's name (1738-48) ; also " The Bounders." 

Notes. — Raised from independent companies of pikemen and musketeers in 
Devonshire. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The if^th, or \st Yorkshire, North Riding 
Regiment. 1688-1848. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1848.] 

The Nineteenth and their Times. By Colonel John Biddulph. [London 
Murray. 1900.] 



it6 



ZTbe Xancasbire J'usiliers, 

COMPRISING 

1st and 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 20th (The East Devonshire) Regiment of 

Foot ; two other batts. have been sanctioned ; also Militia Batts. 
5th and 6th Batts. The 7th Royal Lancashire Militia. 

" Omnia audax." 




The Sphinx with Wreath and Crown. 



1688-89. Colonel Sir Robert Peyton's 
Regiment of Foot. 

1689-1751. [Its Colonel's name] Regiment 
of Foot (in 1689 Colonel Gustavus 
Hamilton, afterwards Viscount Boyne). 



ITTLES. 

1751-82. The 20th Regiment of Foot. 



1782-1881. The 20th (East Devonshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The Lancashire Fusihers. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours" on the. Colours. 



i6go. Boyne. 
1691. Athlone. 
1 69 1. Aughrim. 
1707-12. Spain, 



1709. Caya. 
1727. Gibraltar. 
1742-45. Flanders. 
*i743. Dettingen, 



1745. Fontenoy. 
1745. Culloden. 
1758. Cherbourg. 
1758-63. Germany 



117 



XTFje Xancasbire ifuslUers— f^«///«/ft/. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, ^c.^continncd. 



*i759. Minden. 

1760. Warbourg. 

1760. Campen. 

1 7 61. Denkem. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 

1776-81. America. 

1777. Stillwater. 

1799. Crabbendam. 

1799. Bergen. 

*i799. Egmont-op-Zee. 



1799. Alkmaer. 

1800. Quiberon. 
*i8oi. Egypt. 
'•■'1806. Maida. 

* 1 808-1 4. Peninsula. 
*i8o8. Vimiera. 
*i8o9. Corunna. 
1809. Flushing. 
*i8i3. Vittoria. 
*i8i3. Pyrenees. 



1813. St. Sebastien. 
*i8i4. Orthes. 
"1814. Toulouse. 
*i854. Alma. 
*i854. Inkerman. 
*i855. Sevastopol. 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
*i858. Lucknow. 
'1898. Khartoum 

1900. South Africa. 



Unifor.m. — Scarlet and Pale Yellow (at formation) ; Scarlet and White (present time). 

Regimental Badge. — " The Sphinx " with a laurel wreath surmounted by a Crown 
for " Egypt" (1801). Also (time uncertain) the Motto, '■^ Omnia audax" 

Nicknames. — "The Two Tens" (XXth). "The Minden Boys" (at Minden, in 1759, 
the regiment sported roses, obtained from a garden close by, in their hats ; in 
memory of distinction then won, a custom still obtains of wearing " Minden 
Roses" every ist of August). " Kingsley's Stand" (also from its conduct at 
Minden and its Colonel's name). 

Notes. — Raised in Devonshire on the landing of William of Orange, afterwards 
William III. 



Bibliography. — Historical Record of The 20th, or East Dtvoiishire Regiment. 
1688-1848. Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1848.] 

Orders, Memoirs, &-'c., connected with The 20th Regiment. By Lieut. F. W. 
Barlovi^, 2nd Batt. 20th Regiment. [Minden Press. 1868.] 

History of The 2zth Regiment. 1688-1888. By Lieutenant and Quartermaster 
B. Smyth, ist Lancashire Fusiliers. [London : Simpkin Marshall & Co. 1889.] 



ii8 



JL\K IRopI Scots ifusiliers, 



COMPRISING 



1st & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot; 

with Militia Batt. 

3rd Batt. The Royal Ayr and Wigtown Militia. 




The Thistle within Circle of 
St. Andrew. 




Royal Cypher and Crown. 



TITLES. 



1678-86. Colonel The Earl of Mar's Regi- 
ment of Foot (afterwards Fusiliers). 

1686-1707. [Its Colonel's name] Regiment 
of Fusiliers; also (popularly) The 
Scots Fusiliers Regiment of Foot. 

1707-12. The Scots Fusiliers Regiment 
of Foot. 



1 7 1 2-5 1 . The Royal North British Fusiliers 

Regiment of Foot. 
1751-1877. The 2 ist (Royal North British) 

Fusiliers Regiment of Foot. 
1877-81. The 2ist (Royal Scots Fusihers) 

Regiment of Foot. 
1 881 (from). The Royal Scots Fusiliers. 



119 



Ibe IRosal Scots jfusillers— ««//««^^. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
*" Honours " on the Colours. 



1689- 


-1697. Flanders. 


1711. 


Bouchain, 


1814. 


Bergen-op-Zoom, 


1689. 


Walcourt. 


1742- 


-48. Flanders. 


1814. 


Netherlands. 


1692. 


Steenkirk. 


■•■■1743- 


Dettingen. 


*i8i4. 


Bladensburg. 


1693. 


Neer-Landen. 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


1814. 


Baltimore. 


1702- 


-12. Germany. 


1747- 


Val. 


1815. 


New Orleans. 


1704. 


Schellenbeig. 


1761. 


Belle-Isle. 


-1854. 


Alma. 


1704. 


Blenheim. 


1776- 


-81. America. 


"1854. 


Inkerman. 


i7°5- 


Neer Hespen. 


1777. 


Stillwater. 


■1855. 


Sevastopol. 


1706. 


Ramilies. 


1794- 


Martinique. 


-1879. 


South Africa. 


1708. 


Oudenarde. 


1794- 


St. Lucia. 


■ 1885- 


-87. Burma. 


1708. 


Lisle. 


1794- 


Guadaloupe. 


•^1897- 


-8. Tirah. 


1709. 


Malplaquet. 


1809. 


Ionian Islands. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1710. 


Douay. 


1809. 


Scylla. 







Uniform. — Scarlet with Scarlet facings (1678-1712); Scarlet and Blue facings (from 
1712). 

Regimental and other Badges.— "The Thistle within the Circle of St. Andrew," 
with the Motto, "Nemo me impune lacessit." Also "The Royal Cypher and 
Crown." 

Nickname. — " The Earl of Mar's Grey-breeks " (from the colour of the breeches and 
its Colonel's name when raised). 

Notes. — Armed, when raised, with fusils instead of muskets — hence its title. 
Formerly (1751) "The White Horse of Hanover" and Motto appeared on some 
appointments. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of Tlie 2isf, or Royal North British Fusiliers. 
1678-1849. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1849.] 

Historical Record of Jhe Royal Scots Fusiliers. 1678-1885. By James 
Clarke, late Sergeant Royal Scots Fusiliers. Illustrated. [Edinburgh : 
Banks & Co. 1885.] 



^be Cbesbire IRegiment, 



COMPRISING 



ISt & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 22nd (The Cheshire) Regiment of Foot; with 

Mihtia Batts. 
3rd Batt. Tlie ISt Royal Cheshire Mihtia. 
4th Batt. The 2nd Royal Cheshire Militia. 




The United Rose. 




The Acorn and Leaves. 



TITLES. 



1689. Colonel the Duke of Norfolk's 
Regiment of Foot. 

1689-175 1. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



1751-82. The 22nd Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1881. The 22nd (The Cheshire) 

Regiment of Foot. 
1 88 1 (from). The Cheshire Regiment. 



1690. Boyne. 

1691. Athlone. 
1691. Limerick. 
1 69 1. Aughrim. 
1727. Gibraltar. 
1757-60. Canada, 

^1758. Louisberg. 
1759. Quebec. 
1 7 61. Dominica. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLP:S, &c. 

* " Honours" on the Colours. 

1762. Martinique. 
1762. Havannah. 
1775-79. America. 

1775. Bunker's Hill. 

1776. Brooklyn. 
1794. Guadaloupe. 
1794. St. Lucia. 
1794. San Domingo. 
1800. Cape of Good Hope 



1804. Deig. 

1805. Bhurtpore. 
1810. Mauritius. 

■"'1843. Meanee. 
*i843. Hyderabad. 
"1843. Scinde. 

1887. Burma. 

1900. South Africa. 



XCbe Cbesbire tRcQiment—con/hwe^. 



Unifor.m. — Scarlet with Buff facings (in 1689); Scarlet and White facings (present 
time). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The United Red and White Rose " (this, 
though given in Army List, is not worn). Also " An Acorn and Oak Leaves.'' 

Nicknames. — " The Two Twos" (22nd). "The Red Knights" (in 1795 it was served 
with red jackets, waistcoats, and breeches, instead of the proper uniform). 

Notes. — First raised at Chester. At Hyderabad (1743) it captured seventeen 
standards. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The 22nd, or Cheshire Regiment of Foot. 1689- 
1849. Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1849.] 



^be IRo^al Melsb ifusiliers, 

COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 23rd (Royal Welsh Fusiliers) Regiment of 

Foot; with Militia Batts. 
3rd Batt. The Royal Denbigh and Flint Militia. 
4th Batt. The Royal Carnarvon and Merioneth Militia. 




The Rising Sun. 





The Plume of 
THE Prince of 

Wales. 




The Red Dragon. 




The White Horse. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 
1688-89. Colonel Lord Herbert's Regi- 1714-37. The Prince of Wales's Own 
ment of Foot. Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 

1727-51. The Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 
i689-r7i4. [Its Colonel's name] Regi- 1751-1881. The 23rd (Royal Welsh Fusi- 
ment of Foot. Hers) Regiment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 



123 



tlbe IRogal Melsb fnsillcvs— continued. 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 






* "Honours'" on the Colours. 




1690. 


Boyne. 


"1759. Minden. 


1809. Flushing. 


I69I. 


Aughrim. 


1760. Warbourg. 


"■■'1809. Martinique. 


1692- 


-97. Flanders. 


1760. Campen. 


*i8ii. Albuera. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1775-81. America. 


■■''1812. Badajos. 


1702- 


-12. Germany. 


1775. Lexington. 


""1812. Salamanca. 


1702. 


Liege. 


1775. Bunker's Hill. 


1 81 2. Burgos. 


1704. 


Schellenberg. 


1776. Brooklyn. 


"1813. Vittoria. 


1704. 


Blenheim. 


1777. Brandywine. 


1 81 3. San Sebastian. 


1705. 


Neer-Hespen. 


1778. Freehold. 


"1 81 3. Pyrenees. 


1706. 


Ramilies. 


1780. Camden. 


■•■■1813. Nivelle. 


1708. 


Wynendale. 


1 781. Guildford. 


■■'181 4. Orthes. 


1708. 


Oudenarde. 


1792. San Domingo. 


■"1 8 14. Toulouse. 


1708. 


Lisle. 


1799. Helder. 


1 81 5. Quatre-Bras. 


1709. 


Malplaquet. 


1799. Crabbendam. 


■'1815. Waterloo. 


I7I0. 


Douay. 


1799. Bergen. 


1815. Netherlands. 


17II. 


Bouchain. 


1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 


"1854. Alma. 


1742- 


-48. Flanders. 


1799. Alkmaer. 


■""1854. Inkerman. 


1743- 


Dettingen. 


1 80 1. Aboukir. 


"""1855. Sevastopol. 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


'"'180 1. Egypt. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny 


1747- 


Val. 


1 80 1. Alexandria. 


■^1858. Lucknow. 


1756. 


Minorca. 


1807. Copenhagen. 


"1874. Ashantee. 


1758- 


Cherbourg. 


■"'1808-14. Peninsula. 


■"1885-87. Burma. 


1758- 


-62. Germany. 


'"1809. Corunna. 


1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (from 1688, the colour of facings being unknown, but probably 

Blue); Scarlet and Blue (from 1742). 
Regimental and other Badges. — "The Prince of Wales's Plume," with " Ic/i 

Dien." " The Rising Sun." " The Red Dragon.'' (The two last are ancient 

badges of the Princes of Wales.) Also " The White Horse " (of Hanover), with 

the Motto, " Nee aspera terrentr Also " The Sphinx " for " Egypt " (1801). 
Nicknames. — " The Nanny Goats " and " The Royal Goats " (it has a goat as a 

regimental pet, which is led with garlanded horns and a shield at the head of the 

drums — how the custom arose is unknown). 
Notes. — Raised in Wales. Its officers wear the " flash," a relic of the old queue. A 

leek is also worn in the cap on St. David's Day. Its title in 17 14 was bestowed in 

honour of the Prince of Wales. 
Bibliography. — Histo7-ical Record of Tlie 2yd, or Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 1689-1850. 

Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1850.] 

Historical Record of The Royal Welsh Fusiliers. By Major Rowland Broughton 

Mainwaring, Royal Welsh Fusiliers. Illustrated. [London: Hatchards. 1889.] 



124 



^be Soutb Males Borberers, 

COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd Batts. (formerly) The 24th (The 2nd Warwickshire) Regiment ; \\'ith 

Militia Batts. 

3rd Batt. The Royal South Wales Borderers Militia. 

4th Batt. The Royal Montgomery Militia. 





The Sphinx. 



The Welsh Dkagon and Laurel Wreaiii. 



TITLES. 



i68g-i75r. Col. Sir Edward Bering's [or 1751-82. The 24th Regiment of Foot. 

its Colonel's name] Regiment of _ _ „, ,1 / -, ,-,7 • , , ■ v 

„ , , ivr 1 1782-18 — . The 24th (2nd Warwickshire) 

Foot (amongst these were Marl- t, ■ ^ c t- ^ 

; . ° ., ^ , Regiment of Foot, 
borough m 1702 until transierred to 



the Guards). 



1 88 1 (from). The South Wales Borderers. 



1-5 



Ube Soutb Males ■ssov^a'cvs—coNfim^ed. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* *' Honours" on the Colour-. 



1690- 


■I. Ireland. 


1758- 


Cherbourg. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1694. 


La Hague. 


1759- 


Guadaloupe. 


"1813- 


Vittoria. 


1694. 


Brest. 


1760- 


-62. Germany. 


1813. 


St. Sebastian. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1760. 


Corbach. 


-1813. 


Pyrenees. 


1697. 


Brabanl. 


1760. 


■Warburg. 


^4813. 


Nivelle. 


1702- 


•10. Germany. 


1761. 


Denkern. 


^^1814. 


Orthes. 


1704. 


Schellenberg. 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 


1814. 


Toulouse. 


1704. 


Blenheim. 


1776- 


-81. America. 


1814- 


-15. Nepaul. 


1705- 


Neer-Hespen. 


1777- 


Stillwater. 


-^'1848- 


-49. Punjaub. 


1706. 


Ramilies. 


-^1801. 


Egypt. 


•^1849. 


Chilliamvallah. 


'1708. 


Oudenarde. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


"1849. 


Goojerat. 


1708. 


Menin. 


'•■1806. 


Cape of Good 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny 


1708. 


Lisle. 




Hope. 


-1877- 


-79. South Africa. 


■1709. 


Malplaquet. 


"1809- 


-14. Peninsula. 


■"1885- 


-87. Burma. 


I7I0. 


Doiiay. 


■^1809. 


Talavera. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1741. 


Carthage na. 


■^1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor. 






1756- 


iNIinorca. 


"1812. 


Salamanca. 







Unifor-M. — Scarlet and Green facings (till 1881) ; .Scarlet and White facings (from 
1881). 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The Sphinx," for "Egypt" (1801). Also "The 
^^'elsh Dragon " within a Laurel ^Vreath. 

NiCKNA.ME. — "Howard's Greens" (from 1717 till 1737, during which period its 
Colonel's name was Howard and its facings Green). Also (as with the Leicester- 
shires — the 17th) "The Bengal Tigers" (having seen much service in India). 

Bibliography. — Rambling Rem'miscences of the Punjab Campaign, 1848-49; with a 
brief History of the li^th Regiment from 1 689-1 889. By Lieutenant-Colonel 
Andrew John Macpherson. [Chatham : Mackay. 1889.] 

Historical Recoi'ds of The 2nth Regiment. 1689-1892. With numerous coloured 
and other illustrations. Edited by Colonel George Baton, late 24th Regimental 
District; Colonel Farquhar Glennie, late 24th Foot; and Colonel William Penn 
Symons, late 24th Foot. [Devonport : Swiss. 1892.] 



126 



^be Iking'B ®wn Scottisb Borberera, 

COMPRISING 

1st & 2nd BattS. (formerly) The 25th (The King's Own Borderers) Regiment of 

Foot ; with MiUtia Batt. 



3rd Batt. The Scottish Borderers Mihtia. 



■ In veritate Feligionu confido.''' 



'' Nisi Dojuinus frtistra,' 




The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 

1689-1751. The Edinburgh Regiment of 1805-87. The 25th (The King's Own 
Foot ; also Leven's Foot. Borderers) Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 2 5 th (Edinburgh) Regiment 

of Foot. ^^^7 (from). The King's Own Scottish 

1782-1805. The 25th (Sussex) Regiment Borderers, 

of Foot. 



127 



Ube 'Iking'S ®Wn SCOttiSb IBOVbCVCVS— 'Continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

*" Honours" on the Colours. 



1689. 


Killiecrankie. 


1746. Roucoux. 


■"'1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 


I69I. 


Athlone. 


1747- Val. 


■'180 1. Egypt. 


i6gi. 


Galway. 


1758. Cherbourg. 


1 80 1. Alexandria. 


1691. 


Limerick. 


1758-63. Germany. 


"1809. Martinique. 


1692- 


-97. Flanders. 


■'■1759. Minden. 


1815. Martinique. 


1692. 


Steenkirk. 


1760. Warbourg. 


1 81 5. Guadaloupe. 


1693. 


Near Landen. 


1760. Campen. 


■"'1878-80. Afghanistan. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1 7 61. Kirk Denkern. 


1889. Soudan (Gemazieh), 


1715- 


Jacobite rising. 


1762. Wilhelmstahl. 


"'1895. Chitral. 


1727. 


Gibraltar. 


1782-83. Gibraltar. 


* 1897-8. Tirah. 


1743- 


-47. Flanders. 


1794. Toulon. 


1900. South Africa. 


1745- 


Fontenoy. 


1794. Corsica. 




1745- 


Jacobite rising. 


1799. Helder. 





Uniform. — Scarlet, with deep Yellow facings (1689-1805); Scarlet and Blue facings 
(from 1805). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Royal Crest," with Motto, " /« veritate 
Religionis confido" (conferred in 1805 by George III. on change of Title). Also 
" The Castle of Edinburgh," with Motto, " Nisi Dominus frustra" (the Regiment 
was raised to defend the City of Edinburgh). Also " The White Horse " (of 
Hanover), with Motto, " Nee aspera terrent." Also " The Sphinx," for " Egypt " 
(1801). 

-Nickname. — "The K.O.B.s" (its initials); also "The Botherers," and "The Kokky- 
OUy Birds." 

Notes. — Said to have been raised to the number of 800 men in two hours. It cap- 
tured two standards at Val (1747). 

Bibliography. — Records of The King's Own Borderers, or Old Edinburgh Regiment. 
By Captain R. T. Higgins. [London : Chapman and Hall. 1873.] 



128 



^be Cameroniane (Scottisb IRifles), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 26th (The Cameronians) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. (formerl)) The 90th (Perthshire Volunteers — Light Infantry) Regiment ; 
with Militia Batts. 

3rd & 4th Batts. The 2nd Royal Lanark Militia. 





The Spiiixx. 



The Dragon of China. 



TITLES. 



1st Batt. 

1688. The Cameronian Guard. 

1689-1751. The Earl of Angus's (or suc- 
cessive Colonels') Regiment of 
Foot ; also for a considerable part of 
this period, " The Cameronians." 

1751-86. The 26th Regiment of Foot. 

1786-1881. The 26th (The Cameronians) 
Regiment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. 

1759-63. The 90th (Irish Light Infantry) 
Regiment : disbanded. 

1775-83. The 90th Regiment of Foot: 
disbanded. 

1794-18 — . The 90th (Perthshire Volun- 
teers — Light Infantry) Regiment. 



i88r (from). The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). 



129 



Ube Camerontans (Scotttsb iRifles;— w^/w?^^/. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours,'' the fiijures showin' the Battalion concdrned. 



1808-9. Peninsula. 
■"■1809. Corunna (i). 

1809. Flushing. 
■"1809. Martinique (2). 
■"1810. Guadaloupe (2). 

1811-12. Peninsula. 
"1840-42. China (i). 
"1846-47. SouthAfrica(2). 
""1855. Sevastopol (2). 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
"1857. Lucknow (2). 
'•■'1868. Abyssinia (i). 
''■1877-79. SouthAfrica(2). 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet and White facings (in 1689); Scarlet and Pale Yellow 
facings (in 1713); 2nd Batt., Scarlet and Buff (in 1794). Now Dark Green and 
Rifle Green for both Batts. 



1689. 


Dunkeld. 


••■■1709. 


Malplaque" (i). 


I69I- 


-95. Flanders. 


1709. 


Pont-k-Vendin. 


1692. 


Steenkirk. 


1710. 


Douay. 


1693. 


Neer Landen. 


1711. 


Bouchain. 


1695. 


Namur. 


1715- 


Jacobite rising. 


1702- 


-13. Germany. 


1727. 


Gibraltar. 


1704. 


Schellenberg. 


1761. 


Belleisle. 


1704. 


Blenheim (1). 


1762. 


Havannah. 


1706. 


Ramilies (i). 


177s- 


-81. America. 


1707. 


Dendermonde, 


1775- 


St. John's. 


1707. 


Ath. 


1795- 


Quiberon. 


1708. 


Wynendale. 


1798. 


Minorca. 


1708. 


Oudenarde (i). 


■•'1801. 


Egypt (i & 2). 


1708. 


Lisle. 


•"1 80 1. 


Mandora (2). 


1708. 


Ghent. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 



(for 



Also 



Regimental and other Badges. — "The Sphinx" with "Egypt' 
" The Dragon " (for China, 1840-42). See " Notes." 

Nicknames, &c. — The old 26th (ist Batt.) was familiarly known as " The Scots," area 
1762; while the late 90th, when raised, was dubbed "The Perthshire Grey- 
breeks " (from the colour of their breeches). 

Notes. — The ist Batt. of The Cameronians trace a direct descent from the old 
" Cameronian Guard " of the " Lords of Convention," the name itself being derived 
from Richard Cameron, a famous preacher. The Cameronians, as a rifle corps, 
carry no colours — its honours are displayed on various appointments. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The 26th, or Cameronian Regiuient. By T. 
Carter. [London : Byfield, Stanford & Co. 1867.] 

Records of the qoth Regiment (^Perthshire L'ght Infantry). With Roll of Officers 
from 1795 to 1800. By Captain A. L. Delavoye, 56th Foot (late 90th Light 
Infantry). [London: Richardson & Co. 1880.] 



COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 27 th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The io8th (Madras Infantry) Regiment of Foot; with 

Militia Batts. 
3rd Batt. The Fermanagh Militia. 
4th Batt. The Tyrone Militia. 
5th Batt. The Donegal Militia. 




The White Horse. 



The Si'HiNX. 



1689-1751. 



TITLES. 

I St Batt. 

Colonel Zachariah Tiffin's (or successive Colonels' names) Regiment 



of Foot. 
i75i-i88r. The 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot. 
i88r (from). The Royal InniskiUing Fusiliers. 

2nd Batt. 

1760-63. The io8th Regiment of Foot: disbanded. 

1794-96. The io8th Regiment of Foot : dispersed between 64th and 85th Foot. 

1854-58. The Hon. East India Company's 3rd (Madras Infantry) Regiment. 

1858-61. The 3rd (Madras) Regiment. 

] 861 -81. The io8th (Madras Infantry) Regiment. 

1 88 1 (from). The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. 



131 



Xlbe 1Ro)?al JntiisftilUug ^milicvs— 'Continued. 



*i8i2. Badajos (i). 
"1812. Salamanca (i). 
•"■1813. Vittoria (i). 
1813. St. Sebastian. 

1813. Bidassoa. 
■'•'1813. Pyrenees (i). 
"1813. Nivelle (i). 
•-■■181 4. Orthes (i). 
■''1814. Toulouse (i). 

1 814. Plattsburg. 
'"'1815. Waterloo (i). 

1 81 5. Netherlands. 
"1834-35. South Africa ( I ). 
"1846-47. South Africa (i). 
"'1857-58. Central India (2). 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
1900. South Africa. 

Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet and Buff facings (in 1689). 2nd Batt., Scarlet and 
Yellow facings (in 1854). Both wear Scarlet and Blue facings at the present time. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Castle of Inniskilling with St. George's 
Colours" (in recognition of the defence of the Castle of Inniskilling in 1691). 
Also " The White Horse " (of Hanover), with the Motto, " Nee aspera terrent " (for 
services during the Jacobite rising of 17 15). Also " The Sphinx " for " Egypt " 
(1801). 

Notes. — Formed from three Companies of the Inniskilling forces. It is unique in 
using the old Irish war-pipes. While employed on the Isthmus of Darien all but 
nine of six hundred men succumbed. For distinguished gallantry at St. Lucia, in 
1696, it was directed that the French garrison in marching out should lay down 
their arms to the 27th, other marks of favour being likewise accorded to the 
officers and men of the regiment. 

Nickname.' — " The Lumps." 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The 2'jth Inniskillings. 

A History of The 2'jth Regime7it,iio'iv The ist Battalion of the Royal Inniskilling 
Fusiliers. From its formation in 1689 to 1893. Compiled by Lieut.-Col. C. J. 
Lloyd Davidson. Illustrated with coloured plates of costumes and other 
illustrations. 

K 3 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATT! 




* " Honours " on 


the Colours, 


the figures showing the 


1690. 


Boyne. 


1779. 


Grenada. 


1691. 


Aughrim. 


1793- 


Nieuport. 


1715- 


Jacobite rising. 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


1739- 


Porto Bello. 


1794- 


Nimeguen. 


1741. 


Carthagena. 


1795- 


Guildermalsen. 


1745- 


Jacobite rising. 


1796. 


Grenada. 


1756- 


-60. Canada. 


"1796. 


St. Lucia (i). 


1758. 


Ticonderoga. 


1799. 


Helder. 


1762. 


Martinique. 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1762. 


Grenada. 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


1762. 


Havannah. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


1775- 


-78. America. 


"1 80 1. 


Egypt (i). 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


1776. 


Long Island. 


*i8o6. 


Maida (i). 


1776. 


White Plains. 


■^•'1808- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


1777. 


Germantown. 


1809. 


Scylla. 


1778. 


St. Lucia. 


1811. 


Albuera. 



132 



^be (Blouceeterebire IRegimcnt, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 6ist (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot; with 

Militia Batts. 
3rd Batt. The Royal South Gloucester Militia ; and 
4th Batt. The Royal North Gloucester Militia. 




The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 



1st Batt. 

1694-1751. Colonel Sir John Gibson's 
(or successive Colonels' names) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 28th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 28th (North Gloucester- 
shire) Regiment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The Gloucestershire Regi- 
ment. 



,2nd Batt. 

1742-48. The 6ist Regiment of Foot r 
disbanded. 

1755-59. The 6ist Regiment of Foot: 
re-numbered as The 59th Foot (the 
present 2nd East Lancashire Regi- 
ment). 

1758-82. The 61st Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 61st (South Gloucester- 
shire) Regiment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The Gloucestershire Regi' 
ment. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

'Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1702-6. Flanders. 
1702. Huy. 
1705. Near Hespen. 
■1706. Ramilies (1). 
1706-12. Spain. 
1707. Almanza. 



1742-47. Flanders. 
1745. Fontenoy. 
1747. Hulst. 
1757-60. Canada. 
"1758. Louisberg (1), 
1758. Cape Breton. 



"1759- Quebec (i). 

1759. Martinique. 

1760. Salery. 

1 7 61. Belle Isle. 
1762. Martinique, 
1762. Havannah. 



133 



Uhc (Bloucestersbire TRcQimcnt—co^ttinued. 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&c. — continued. 


1776- 


•78. America. 


■■•1806. 


Maida (2). 


1812. Badajos. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 


■"1813. Vittoria (i). 


1776. 


White Plains. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


'"'1813. Pyrenees (i & 2). 


1776. 


Brunx. 


'■1809- 


-14. Peninsula (i 


"1813. Nivelle (i & 2). 


1777. 


Brandy wine. 




& 2). 


■'■•1813. Nive (r & 2). 


1777. 


Germantown. 


"1809. 


Corunna (i). 


■•■1814. Orthes (i & 2). 


1778. 


St. Lucia. 


1809. 


Douro. 


"1814. Toulouse (i & 2). 


1782. 


Minorca. 


■1809. 


Talavera (2). 


1815. Quatre Bras. 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


1810. 


Busaco. 


-"1815. Waterloo (i). 


1794- 


Nimeguen. 


1810. 


Torres Vedras. 


1815. Netherlands. 


I79S- 


Guildermalsen. 


1810. 


Almeida. 


"1848-49. Punjab (2). 


1796. 


St. Lucia. 


■■'1811. 


Barossa (i). 


"1849. Chillianwallah (1). 


1796. 


Grenada. 


■•■1811. 


Albuera (i). 


"1849. Goojerat (2). 


1798. 


Minorca. 


1811. 


Arroyo-des-iloli- 


'"1854. i\lma (i). 


1800. 


Kaflfraria. 




nos. 


"1854, Inkerman (i). 


•1801. 


Egypt (i & 2). 


1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo. 


"1855. Sevastopol (i). 


1801. 


Aboukir. 


"1812. 


Salamanca (2). 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny, 


1801. 


Mandora. 


1812. 


Almaraj. 


■■'1857. Delhi (2). 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet and Yellow facings (ist Batt. in 1742), and Scarlet and Buff facings 

(2nd Batt. in 1758). Now Scarlet with White facings. 
Regimental Badge. — "The Sphinx" for "Egypt," 1801. [The unique distinction 

of wearing the Regimental number both in front and at the back of the cap was 

bestowed on the old 28th for distinguished conduct at Alexandria (1801), having 

been then engaged with the enemy front and rear. " The Sphinx " is now so 

worn.] 
Nicknames. — "The Old Braggs" (from its Colonel's name, 1734-51). Also "The 

Slashers " (the current stories to account for this sobriquet are mythical). " The 

Whitewashers " (of the 6ist). "The Right-abouts.'' 
Notes. — At Almanza the old 28th was all but cut to pieces : at Waterloo it captured 

a flag of the 25th French Infantry. The old 6ist was formerly the 2nd Batt. of 

The 3rd Buffs, and so retained its Buff facings. 
BiBLiOGRAPHV. — Narrative of The Campaigns of The 28M Regiment. From 1862. 

By Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Cadell. [London : Whittaker. 1835.] 

Histjrical Records of The 2%th, North Gloucestershi^x Regiment. 1 692-1 882. By 

Lieutenant-Colonel F. Brodigan. [London : Blackfriars PubUshing Co. 1884.] 
Historical Record of The Gist or South Gloucestershire Regiment. 1758-1844. 

[London: Parker. 1844.] 



134 



^be Morcestersbire IRegiment, 

COMPRISING 

ISt Batt. (formerly) The 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot. 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment of Foot : 

4th Batts. are authorised ; with Militia Batts. 
5th Batt. The ist Worcestershire Militia. 
6th Batt. The 2nd Worcestershire Mihtia. 



the 3rd and 





The United Red and White Rose. 



Firm. 



1701 



TITLES, 

1st Batt. 

1694-1751. Colonel Thomas Farington's 
(or successive Colonels' names) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 29th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 29th (Worcestershire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. 

-51. Colonel Viscount Charlemont's 



(or successive Colonels' names) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 36th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 36th (Herefordshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



1881 (from). The Worcestershire Regiment. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1704-8. Spain. 
1704-6. Germany. 

1705. Neer Hespen. 
"1706. Ramilies (i) 

1706. Barcelona. 

1707. Almanza. 
171 1. Quebec. 



1715. Jacobite rising. 

1727. Gibraltar. 
1744-48. Flanders. 

1745. Jacobite rising. 

1746. Culloden. 

1747. Val. 
1758. Cherbourg. 



1761. Belle Isle. 
1776-81. America. 
1776. Quebec. 
*i783-98. Hindoostan (2), 
1 7 91. Bangalore. 
1791. Nundy-Droog. 



17c 



;ermgapatam. 



135 

XTbe Morcestersbire TRcgimcnt—co/ifbwaL 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&C. — contimied. 


1793- 


Pondicherry. 


■■■"1808. 


Roleia (i & 2). 


*i8i3. 


Nive (2). 


1796. 


Grenada. 


*i8o8. 


Vimiera (i & 2), 


'""18 1 4. 


Orthes (2). 


1799- 


Helder. 


1809. 


Douro. 


"1814. 


Toulouse (2). 


1799- 


Oud-Karspel. 


'"'1809. 


Corunna (2). 


''1845. 


Ferozeshah (i). 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


*i846. 


Sobraon (i). 


1799- 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


"1809. 


Talavera (i). 


•"■1848- 


•49. Punjab (i). 


1800- 


-I. Mysore (2). 


1811. 


Badajos. 


1848. 


Chenab. 


1800. 


Quiberon. 


-"1811. 


Albuera (i). 


1848. 


Ionian Islands. 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres. 


■■'1812. 


Salamanca (2). 


■^1849. 


Chillianwallah (i) 


1807. 


Monte Video. 


"1813. 


Pyrenees (2). 


•^^•1849. 


Goojerat (i). 


1808- 


■14. Peninsula (i 
& 2). 


•=^1813. 


Nivelle (2). 


1900. 


South Africa. 



Uniform. — ist Batt.; Scarlet with Yellow facings (in 1702) ; Scarlet with White facings 
(present time) for both Battalions. The old 36th Foot wore Scarlet with Green 
facings from 1742 to the time of the territorial re-arrangement, when all non- 
" Royal " regiments assumed " White " for their facings. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The United Red and White Rose " (since 
1881). Also " Firm " (worn by the old 36th since, if not before, 1773, but why 
is not known). 

Nicknames. — " The Ever-Sworded 29th " (supposed to date back to 1746, from a regi- 
mental usage that all officers wore their swords at mess ; now confined to the 
Captain and Subaltern of the day). " The Old Bold" (of the 29th), 
"The Saucy Greens" (of the 36th Foot from their facings). "The Star (or 
Guard) of the Line." The " Vein-openers." 

Notes. — The 29th captured a standard from the French at Talavera (1809). Its. 
quick-step — the Royal Windsor March — was presented by the Princess Augusta. 

Bibliography. — History of Thomas J'arrmgton's Regiment ; afterwards 2()tk 
{Worcestershire) Foot. 1694-1891. By Major H. Everard. [Worcester : Little- 
bury & Co. 1891.] 

Historical Records of The yd and i^th Battalions Worcestershire Regiment. By 
Captain R. Holden. 

Historical Records of The T^iith, or Herefordshire Regiment. 1701-1852. 
Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1853.J 

Historical Records of The 2,(>th Regiment. 1852-81. [London : Mitchell. 1883.] 



136 



^be JBast Xancasbire IRegtment, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot: 

Mihtia Batt. 

3rd Batt. The 5th Lancashire ]Militia. 



with 





The Sphinx. 



The Red Rose of Lakc.vster. 



TITLES 

ist Batt. 

1702-14. Colonel Thomas Sanderson's 



(or its Colonel's name) Regiment of 
Marines. 

1714-51. Colonel Charles AVillis's (or its 
Colonel's name) Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 30th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 30th (Cambridgeshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The East Lancashire Regi- 
ment. 



2nd Batt. 

i74r-48. The 59th Regiment of Foot: 
renmnbered The 48th Foot. 

1755- The 59th Regiment of Foot : 
renumbered The 56th Foot. 

1755-57. The 6ist Regiment of Foot: 
renumbered The 59th Foot. 

1757-82. The 59th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. Tlie 59th (2nd Nottingham- 
(shire Regiment of Foot. 



1 88 1 (from). The East Lancashire Regiment. 



137 



Zhc lEast Xancasbire HUcQxmznt— continued. 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, 


BATTLES, &c. 




■^ '* Honours" 


on the Colours, the figures showi 


ng the 


Battalion concerned. 


1704- 


■5. Gibraltar. 


1800. Malta. 




1 81 5. Quatre Bras. 


1704. 


Malaga. 


1 80 1. Mandora. 




'"'1815. Waterloo (i). 


1704- 


-6. Spain. 


'■■'1801. Egypt (i). 




1815-19. Hindoostan. 


1705- 


Barcelona. 


1801. Alexandria. 




1817-19. Mahratta War. 


1706. 


Alicante. 


1801. Marabout. 




1 81 9. Asseerghur. 


1706. 


Tortosa. 


""1806. Cape of Good 


■""1826. Bhurtpore (2). 


1707. 


Lerida. 


Hope (2). 




"1854. Alma (i). 


1708. 


Cagliari. 


1806-7. Madras. 




■"1854. Inkerman (i). 


1758. 


Cherbourg. 


1808-9. Peninsula. 




"1855. Sevastopol (i). 


1761. 


Belle Isle. 


"■'1809. Corunna (2). 




1857-58. China. 


1775- 


-76. America. 


181 0. Mauritius. 




"•'1857. Canton (2). 


1775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


■■"181 1. Java (2). 




1858. Nantow. 


178T. 


Carolina. 


■"'1810-13. Peninsulai 


(1&2). 


'"'1878-80. Afghanistan (2), 


1782- 


-83. Gibraltar. 


"■■1812. Badajos (i). 




'"'1879. Ahmed Khel (2). 


1794- 


Toulon. 


"1812. Salamanca. 




1879. Ghuznee. 


1794. 


Corsica. 


•"•1813. Vittoria (2). 




1879. Cabool. 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


'""1813. St. Sebastien 


(2). 


1880. Candahar. 


T794- 


Nimeguen. 


*i8i3. Nive (2). 




"1895. Chitral. 


1796. 


St. Vincent. 


1 814. Bayonne. 




1900. South Africa. 


1798. 


Minorca. 


i8r4-i5. Netherlands. 





Uniform. — ist Batt., Red with Yellow facings (the latter probably from formation, 
but certainly since 1742 till 1881 (?) ). 2nd Batt., Red and Purple facings (in 
1755); Scarlet and "lily "-White (in 1815). Now Scarlet and White facings 
for both Batts. 

Regimental Badges. — "The Sphinx," for " Egypt " (1801) : the honour was won by 
the ist Batt. Also (since territorial re-organisation) "The Red Rose of Lancaster." 

Nicknames. — ist Batt., "The Triple X's," or "The Three Tens " (the regimental 
number). 2nd Batt, " The Lily- Whites " (from the facings). 

Bibliography. — Historical Records of The XXX Regiment. [London: Clowes. 1887.] 



138 



^be East Surrey IRcgiment, 



COMPRISING 



ISt Batt. (formerly). The 31st (The Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot. 
2nd Batt. „ The 70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot; with Militia Batts. 

3rd Batt. The ist Royal Surrey Militia. 
4th Batt. The 3rd Royal Surrey Militia. 





The United Rose. 



The Star and Arms of Guildford, 



TITLES 
ISt Batt. 

1702-14. Col. George Villiers' (or suc- 
cessive Colonels') Regiment of 
Marines. 

1714-51. Colonel Sir Harry Goring's (or 
successive Colonels') Regiment of 
Foot. 

1751-82. The 31st Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 3TSt (Huntingdonshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. 

1756-58. The 31st Regiment of Foot 

(2nd Batt.). 
1758-82. The 70th Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1813. The 70th (Surrey) Regiment 

of Foot. 
1813-25. The 70th (Glasgow Lowland) 

Regiment of Foot. 
1825-81. The 70th (Surrey) Regiment of 

Foot. 



1702. Cadiz. 
1702. Vigo Bay. 
1704-6. Spain. 
1704-5. Gibraltar 
1705. Barcelona. 



1881 (from). The East Surrey Regiment. 
PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c, 

* " Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing ihe Battalion coDcerned. 

1708. Cagliari. 



1706. Carthagena. 

1706. Ivica. 

1706. Majorca. 

1706. Sardinia. 

1707. Toulon. 



1708. Minorca. 
1742-45. Flanders. 
"1743. Dettingen (i). 
1745. Fontenoy. 



139 



Ube East Surrey TRcQimcnt— continued. 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&c. — continued. 


1772. 


St. Vincent. 


1810. Guadaloupe. 


"1845. Ferozeshah (i). 


1776- 


-81. America. 


•^^■1811. Albuera (i). 


"1846. Aliwal (i). 


1794. 


Martinique. 


1813-14. Canada. 


"1846. Sobraon (i). 


1794- 


St. Lucia. 


"1813. Vittoria (i). 


'■'1855. Sevastopol (i). 


1794. 


Guadaloupe (2). 


""1813. Pyrenees (i). 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1796. 


St. Lucia. 


■■^1813. Nivelle (i). 


i860. China. 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


'•■I 813. Nive (i). 


■"■i860. Taku Forts (i). 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


1 81 3. Bayonne. 


■"'1863-65. NewZealand(2). 


1800. 


Isle de Huet. 


"1814. Orthes (i). 


■-■1878-79. Afghanistan (2). 


1807. 


Egypt. 


1 8 14. Plattsburg. 


■"'1885. Suakim (2). 


1807. 


Rosetta. 


1824-46. Hindoostan. 


1885. Tamai. 


1809- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


'"1842. Cabool (i). 


1900. South Africa. 


1809. 


Talavera (1). 


*i845. Moodkee (i). 





Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with Buff facings (when raised). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with 
Grey facings (1758-68); Scarlet and Black facings (1768). Both Batts. (from 
1881), Scarlet with White facings. 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The United Red and White Rose" was 
suggested for this as for other regiments when territorialised, and, though not used, 
still retains a place in official papers. Also " A Star and Arms of Guildford " — 
these are the old badges of the Militia battalions. 

Nicknames, &c. — " The Young Buffs" (of the late 31st, King George II. having, 
through the similarity of the facings, mistaken it at Dettingen for the 3rd (or 
" Old ") Buffs). " The Glasgow Greys " (of the late 70th), from its facings and many 
Glasgow men serving in its ranks. 

Notes. — On its way to Bengal in 1824, part of the old 31st was on board the East 
Indiaraan J^enf when burnt in the Bay of Biscay. It specially distinguished itself 
in the Sikh War by capturing a colour at Ferozeshah, another at Aliwal, and two 
more at Sobraon. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The 2)"i-st {or Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot. 
1702-1850. With Services of the Marine Corps, 1664-1748. Illustrated. 
[London: Parker. 1850.] 

Historical Record of The 'J oth Surrey Regiment of Foot. 1758-1848. Illustrated. 
[London : Parker. 184 9. J 



140 



2?uFie of CornwaU's Xigbt Snfantr^, 



COMPRISING 



1st Batt. (formerly) The 32nd (Cornwall — Light Infantry) Regiment. 

2nd Batt. ( ,, ) The 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot ; with 

Mihtia Batt. 
3rd Batt. The Royal Cornwall Ram;ers Militia. 





The Collar Badge. 



The United Red and 
White Rose. 



TITLES. 




Orn.vment on Helmet 
Plate. 



1st Batt. 

1702-14. Colonel Edward Fox's (or 
Jacob Borr's) Regiment of Marines. 

1714-51- Colonel Jacob Borr's (or succes- 
sive Colonels') Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 32nd Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1858. The 32nd (Cornwall) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1858-81. The 32nd (Cornwall— Light 
Infantry). 



2nd Batt. 

1 741 -5 1. Colonel James Price (or succes- 
sive Colonels') Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 46th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 46th (South Devonshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



1881 (from). Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

■* "Honours" on the Colours, Ihe figures showing the Battalion concerned. 

1702. Cadiz. 1742-47. Flanders. 1758. Ticonderoga. 

1702. Vigo. '"'i743. Dettingen (i). i759- Niagara. 

1704-5. Gibraltar. 1745. Fontenoy. 1761. Martinique. 

1704-6. Spain. 1747. Val. 1762. Havannah. 

1705. Barcelona. 1757-60. Canada. 1776-78. America. 



141 



Dufte of Cornwall's Xtgbt Sntantt^—confimied. 



1776. Brooklyn. 

1777. Brandywine. 

1778. St. Lucia. 
1792. Gibraltar. 
1794. Martinique. 
1795-96. St. Vincent. 

''iSos. Dominica (2). 
*i8o8-i4. Peninsula (i). 

'1808. Roleia (i). 

■'1808. Vimiera (i). 

*i8o9. Corunna (i). 

1809. Martinique. 

1809. Flushing. 



CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&c. — continued. 


1810. Guadaloupe. 


'•'1849. Mooltan (i). 


181 2. Badajos. 


'"1849. Goojerat (i). 


■"1812. Salamanca (r). 


1854. Alma. 


1 81 2. Burgos. 


1854. Inkerman. 


'•1813. Pyrenees (i). 


1854. Balaclava. 


"1813. Nivelle (i). 


■"'1855. Sevastopol (2). 


•^^'1813. Nive (i). 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


■^-1814. Orthes (i). 


'"1857. Lucknow (i). 


181 5. Quatre-Bras. 


1857. Cawnpore. 


"1815. Waterloo (i). 


•^^■1882. Egypt (2). 


181 5. Netherlands. 


■■4882. Tel-el-Kebir (2). 


■"'1848-49. Punjaub (i). 


■"1884-85. Nile (2). 


1848. Soorajkhoond. 


rgoo. South Africa. 



IJniform. — I St Batt., Scarlet with White facings (at formation as now). 2nd Batt., 
Scarlet with Yellow facings (in 1741 : the latter now White as with all non- 
" Royal " regiments). 

Regimental and other Badges. — Officially, " The United Red and White Rose,"' 
but not worn. On appointments various special devices — combining " A Bugle 
with Strings,'' " The Coronet of the Duke of Cornwall," " The County Badge," 
with Motto, "One and All," "A Turreted Archway," and " Two Feathers" (red). 
[The " Turreted Archway '' commemorates the defence of " Lucknow ; " and the 
" Two Red Feathers " is a distinction of the 46th, a Light company of which, in 
1777, with others were brigaded as " The Light Battahon." The Americans were 
SD harassed by the Brigade that they vowed " No Quarter." In derision, to 
prevent mistakes, The Light Battalion dyed their feathers red : the 46th Foot 
alone has retained the distinction.] 

Nicknames, &c. — These pertain to the late 46th : " Murray's Bucks '' (from Colonel's 
name [1743-64] and its smart appearance on home duty in Scottish Royal livery). 
"The Surprisers" (from an incident [1777] in the American War). "The 
Lacedemonians " (its Colonel once, when under heavy fire, made a disciplinarian 
speech concerning the Lacedemonians). Also, in early days, " The Edinburgh 
Regiment." " The Red Feathers." " The Docs " (the initials). 

BiELiOGRAPHY. — Historical Records of The ^2nd (Cornwall) Light Infantry, now 
1st Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. 1702-1892. By Colonel G. C. 
Swiney. [Devonport : Swiss. 1893.] 



142 



^be 2)uF?c of Mellington's (Meet IRiMna IReoiment), 

COMPRISING 

ISt Batt. (formerly) The 33rd (Duke of ^\'enington's) Regiment of Foot. 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 76th Regiment of Foot; with Militia Batt. 
3rd Batt. The 6th West York Militia. 




The Crest and Motto of The 
Duke of Wellington. 




The ELErHANT with Howdah. 



TITLES. 



1st Batt. 

1702-51. Colonel The Earl of Hunting- 
don's (or successive Colonels') Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 33rd Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1853. The 33rd (ist York, West 
Riding) Regiment of Foot. 

1853-81. The 33rd (Duke of Welling- 
ton's) Regiment. 



2nd Batt. 

1756-63. The 76th Regiment of Foot: 
disbanded. 

1777-84- The 76th (Macdonald's High- 
landers) Regiment of Foot : dis- 
banded. 

1 7 87-1 81 2. The 76th (Hindoostan) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

181 2-81. The 76th Regiment of Foot. 



1881 (from). The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment). 



143 



Ube Duhe of Melltngton's (Meet IRt&ing IRegtment)— ^<'«/w«^"'. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1702- 
1704- 
1705- 

1707. 
1742- 
*i743. 
1745' 
1745- 
1746, 
1746, 
1747' 

1758 
1760- 
1760 
1761, 
1761 
1762, 
1776 
1776 

1777 
1777 



-4. Germany. 
-10. Spain. 

Valentia d'Alcan- 
tara. 

Almanza. 
-47. Flanders. 

Dettingen (i). 

Fontenoy. 

Jacobite rising. 

Roucoux. 

Tongres. 

Val. 

Cherbourg. 
-63. Gerinany. 

Corbach. 

Kerk Denkern. 

Belle-Isle. 

Martinique. 
-81. America. 

Brooklyn. 

Brandywine. 

Germantown, 



1778. Freehold. 

1780. Camden. 

1 781. Guildford. 
'•'1780-1806. Hindoostan(2). 

1 7 91. Bangalore. 

r79i. Savendroog. 

1792. Seringapatam. 

1794-95. Flanders. 

1795. Guildermalsen. 

1799. Malvelly. 
*i799. Seringapatam (i). 
*i8oo-i. Mysore (2). 
■"'1803. Allyghur (2). 
"1803. Delhi (2). 

1803. Agra. 
"'1803. Leswarree (2). 
"•■■1804. Deig (2). 

1805. Bhurtpore. 
■■■1808-9. Peninsula (2). 

1809. Corunna. 

i8oq. Flushing. 



1 810. Mauritius. 
'■1813. Nive (2). 
1 81 3-14. Peninsula. 
1813. Pyrenees. 
1813. Bidassoa. 

1813. Nive. 

1 81 4. Bayonne. 

1 8 14-15. Netherlands. 
1 814. Antwerp. 
1 81 4. Bergen-op-Zoom. 
1 8 14. Canada. 

1 8 14. Plattsburg. 

1 81 5. Quatre Bras. 
■"1815. "Waterloo (i). 
■"'1854. Ahna (i). 
'"'1854. Inkerman (r). 
■"'1855. Sevastopol (i). 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
■■'1868. Abyssinia (i). 
1868. Magdala. 
1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet (or Red) with Scarlet facings for both regiments till the introduction 
of the territorial system. Now Scarlet, faced with "White. 

Regimental and other Badges. — (i) "The Crest and Motto of the Duke of 
Wellington" (the 33rd was the first regiment commanded by "The Hero of 
Waterloo," and is the only corps in the British Army named after a subject) ; also 
(2) "The Elephant" to the 76th for valour in India. In 1808 The East India 
Company presented it with honorary colours : in conjunction with the 8th 
Hussars it captured 44 standards and 72 guns at Leswarree (1803). 

Nicknames, &c. — ist Batt., " Havercake Lads " (the recruiting sergeants, circa 1782, 
carried oaten cakes on their sword-points when beating up). 2nd Batt., " The 
Immortals " (from most of its men having been wounded in Lake's Campaigns). 
"The Pigs" (from its "Elephant" badge). "The Old Seven and Sixpennies " 
(from its number, and the amount of a lieutenant's pay). 



144 



^be Berber IRegimcnt, 



COMPRISING 



1st Batt. (formerly) The 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 55th (Westmoreland) Regiment of Foot ; with Militia Batts. 

3rd Batt. The Royal Cumberland Militia. 

4th Batt. The Royal Westmoreland Militin. 





The Laurel Wreath. 



The Dragon of China. 



TITLES. 



ist Batt. 



1702-51. Colonel Lord Lucas's (or suc- 
cessive Colonels') Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 34th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 34th (Cumberland) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. 

1742-48. The S5th Regiment of Foot: 

now the ist Essex. 
1756-58. The 55th Regiment of Foot : 

now The ist Shropshire Light Lifantiy. 
1755-57. The S7th Regiment of Foot: 

renumbered in 
1757-82. The S5th Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1881. The 55th " (Westmoreland) 

Regiment of Foot. 



1881 (from). The Border Regiment. 

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
" Honours ' on the Colours, the figures showing ihe Battalion concerned. 



1705-7. Spain. 

1705. Barcelona. 

1706. Montjuich. 
1709-12. Germany. 

1710. Douay. 

17 1 1. Bouchain. 
17 18. Vigo. 



1727. Gibraltar. 

1744. Flanders. 

1745. Fontenoy. 
1745. Jacobite rising. 
1 7 4-. Falkirk. 

1 7 4-. CuUoden. 

1757. Minorca. 



1757-60. Canada. 

1758. Ticonderoga. 

1759. Niagara. 
1758. Louisberg. 
1758. Cherbourg. 
1762. Havannah. 
1775-78. America. 



145 



XCbe aSor5er 1RcQima\t—confir.Md. 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


&c. — cc7itinued. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 


1 814-15. Netherlands. 


1776. 


Long Island. 


1799. Alkmaer. 


181 4. Bergen-op-Zoom. 


1777. 


Brandywine. 


1800. Kaffraria. 


1820. Kaflraria. 


1777. 


Germantown. 


1800-23. Hindoostan. 


'■■1840-2. China (2). 


1777. 


Stillwater. 


1809. San Domingo. 


1842. Chusan. 


1778. 


St. Lucia. 


■'■1809-14. Peninsula (i). 


1842. Chinghai. 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


■■181 1. Albuera. 


1842. Ningpoo. 


1794- 


Nimeguen. 


■1811. Arroyo - dos - 


1842. Ching-Kiang-Foo. 


1794- 


Martinique. 


Molinos (i). 


•"■1854. Alma (2). 


1794- 


Guadaloupe. 


■"■181 3. Vittoria (i). 


■1854. Inkerman (2). 


1796. 


St. Lucia. 


181 3. Maya. 


■"'1855. Sevastopol (i & 2). 


1796. 


St. Vincent. 


"^1813. Pyrenees (i). 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1796. 


Grenada. 


■•■'1813. Nivelle (i). 


1857. Ca'wnpore. 


1799. 


Helder. 


■""1813. Nive (i). 


■"■1858. Lucknow (i). 


1799- 


Crabbendam. 


■•■■1814. Orthes (i). 


I goo. South Africa. 


1799. 


Bergen. 


181 4. Toulouse. 





Uniform. — ist Batt, Red (or Scarlet) with bright Yellow facings (when raised); the 
latter changed to White when territorialised in 1881 ; 2nd Batt., Red and Dark 
Green facings (1755) ; Scarlet with White facings (present time). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " A Laurel Wreath " (an old 34th Badge for 
services at Fontenoy : see Notes). Also "The Dragon of China" (to the 55th) ; 
the two are variously combined for different appointments. 

Nickname. — "The Two Fives" (to the 55th, for its number; cf. "The Two 
XX's" = the late 20th). 

Notes. — A red and white pompon, or tuft, was formerly worn by the 34th in recogni- 
tion of the capture of the 34th French Infantry at Arroyo-dos-Molinos. The 
Royal Arms appear in the lace of the drummers' coats in memory of Fontenoy : 
see Badges. 

Bibliography. — Hisiorical Record of The ■^^tJi (T/ie Cumberland) Regiment of Foot. 
1702-1844. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 3844.] 

Historical Account of The T,^th and ^^th Regiments. Bv George Noakes, 
Quartermaster-Sergeant, 2nd Brigade Depot. [Carlisle : Thumam & Sons. 
1875.] 



146 



tTbe IRo^al Susscy IRegiment, 



COMPRISING 



1st Batt. (formerly) The 35th Royal Sussex Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 107th (Bengal Infantry) Regiment ; with Militia Batt. 

3rd Batt. The Royal Sussex Militia. 




The United Red and White Rose. 




The Collar Badge. 



TITLES, 
ist Batt. 2nd Batt. 

T701-51. Colonel The Earl of Donegal's 1854-58. The Hon. East India Com- 
(or successive Colonels') Regiment pany's 3rd (Bengal European Light 

of Foot : also popularly " The Bel- Infantry) Regiment, 

fast Regiment." 

1751-82. The 35th Regiment of Foot. 1858-61. The 3rd (Bengal Light Infantry) 

1782-1805. The 35th (Dorsetshire) Regi- Regiment, 

ment of Foot. 

1805-32. The 35th (Sussex) Regiment of 1861-1881. The 107th Bengal Infantiy 
Foot. Regiment. 

1832-1881. The 35th (Royal Sussex) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The Royal Sussex Regiment. 



147 



Ube IRosal Sussej 1RcQmcnt—(onfinmd. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1702. Cadiz. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1807. Egypt. 


1704-5. Gibraltar. 


1776. 


Brunx. 


1809. Naples. 


1704-8. Spain. 


1778. 


St. Lucia. 


1809. Flushing. 


1706. Barcelona. 


i7q4- 


Martinique. 


18 10. Ionian Islands. 


1707. Almanza. 


1794. 


St. Lucia. 


1 8 14-15. Netherlands. 


1757-60. Canada. 


1794. 


Guadaloupe. 


1 814. Antwerp. 


1758. Louisbourg (i). 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1759. Quebec (1). 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


•^^■1882. Egypt (i). 


1760. SiUery. 


1799. 


Crabbendam. 


■^^•1884-85. Nile (i). 


1761. Martinique. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


•^■1885. Abu Klea (i). 


1762. Havannah. 


1800. 


Malta. 


1900. South Africa. 


1775-78. America. 


-1806. 


Maida (i). 




1775. Bunker's Hill. 


1807. 


Rosetta. 





Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with Orange facings (1701-1832, the Orange being 
changed to Blue on proceeding to Ireland). 2nd Batt., Scarlet i^ith White facings. 
Scarlet with Blue facings for both Batts. (present time). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The United Red and WTiite Rose.'' Also 
(though approved not in Army List) "A White Feather" {see Notes), " A Maltese 
Cross " (see Notes), and " The Centre of The Star of the Garter,'' combined. 

Nicknajie. — " The Orange Lilies '' (from its facings and white plume). 

Notes. — "The AVhite Plume," worn till 1800, and now included in the regimental 
badge, was worn at Quebec, being taken from The Royal Roussillon French 
Grenadiers ; while " The Maltese Cross " is in memory of the capture of Malta. 
The Regiment was also at one time known as " The Prince of Orange's Own," 
having received its facings as a mark of favour. 

Bibliography. — Historical Memoir of The 7,i)th Royal Sussex Regiment. By Richard 
Trimen, late Captain 35th Foot. [Southampton. 1873.] 



^be Ibampsblre IRegiment, 



COMPRISING 



1st Batt. (formerly) The 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „, ) The 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot; with MiKtia. 

3rd Batt. The Hampshire MiKtia. 




The Tiger and Wreath. 
(As on Helmet-plate.) 




The Hampshire Rose. 
(As on Collar.) 



TITLES. 



ist Batt. 



2nd Batt. 

67th Regiment 



of 



1702-51. Colonel Thomas Meredith's (or 1758-S2. The 

successive Colonels') Regiment of -p j. 

Foot. 
1751-82. The 37th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 37th (North Hampshire) 1782-1881. The 67th (South Hampshire) 

Regiment. Regiment of Foot. 
1 881 (from). The Hampshire Regiment. 



149 



U\)c Ibampsbire "^tQimtwt— continued. 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 




* "Honours " on 


the Colours, the figures showing the 


Battalion concerned. 


1702- 


-12. Germany. 


1758-62. Germany. 


"181 1. Barrossa (2). 


T704. 


Schellenberg. 


1758. Cherbourg. 


1814. Barcelona. 


^1704. 


Blenheim (1). 


"1759. Minden (i). 


1814-15. Netherlands. 


1705. 


Helixem. 


1761. Kirk-Denkern. 


1 814. Antwerp. 


1705. 


Neer-Hespen. 


1 76 1. Belle Isle. 


1814. Bergen-op-Zoom. 


"1706. 


Ramilies (i). 


1762. Wilhelmstahl. 


1819. Asseerghur. 


1707. 


Ath. 


1776-80. America. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny, 


1708. 


Menin. 


1776. Brooklyn. 


1860-62. China. 


1708. 


Oudenarde (i). 


1776. Long Island. 


*i86o. Taku Forts (2). 


1709. 


Tournay. 


1793-95- Flanders. 


■■■"i860. Pekin (2). 


1709. 


Malplaquet (i). 


1793. Famars. 


"1878-80. Afghanistan (2). 


1710. 


Douai. 


1793. Dunkirk. 


'■■'1879. Charasiah (2). 


3742- 


-47. Flanders. 


"1794. Tournay (i). 


■'■1879. Cabool (2). 


1743- 


Dettingen (i). 


1794. Nimeguen. 


"1885-87. Burma (2). 


1745- 


Jacobite rising. 


1795. Guildermalsen. 


1885-87. Mandalay. 


1746. 


CuUoden. 


•'1805-26. India (2). 


1900. South Africa. 


1747- 


Val. 


"1810-14. Peninsula (i & 2). 





Uniform. — Scarlet -with Yellow facings (both Batts. till Territorialisation changed the 
facings, as in all non-" Royal " regiments, to White). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Royal Tiger in a Laurel- Wreath " (to the 
67th for " India "). Also " The Hampshire Rose " on some appointments 
(Henry V., when e?i route to Agincourt, conferred the Lancastrian Rose on the 
City of Winchester). 

Bibliography. — Annals of The 2ilth North Hampshire Regiment [Winchester: 

Warren. 1878.] 

Historical Record of The Gith, or South Hampshire Regiment. 17 58-1849. 

[London : Parker. 1849.J 

Regimental Orders. By Lieutenant R. W. Barlow. [London: 1868.] 
Colburris United Service Magazine, January-February, 1874, and August, 

1882. 



(Tbe Soutb Stafforbsbire IRegiment, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 38th (ist Staffordshire) Reghnent of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot ; with 

Militia Batts. 

3rd & 4th Batts. The ist (King's Own) Staff'ord Militia. 





The Staffordshire Knot. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 

1st Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1702-51. Colonel Luke Lillingstone's (or 1758-64. The 80th (Light-armed) Regl 
successive Colonels') Regiment of 



Foot. 
1751-82. The 38th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 38th (ist Staffordshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



ment of Foot : disbanded. 

1778-84. The 80th (Royal Edinburgh 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot : dis- 
banded. 

1793-1881. The 80th (Staffordshire 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot. 



1 88 1 (from). The South Staffordshire Regiment. 



trbe Soutb Stafforbsbire TRcQimcnt—Mififmct/. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

" Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1759- 


Guadaloupe. 


"1809. 


Corunna (i). 


'■"i845. 


Ferozeshah (i). 


1762. 


^Martinique. 


i8og. 


Flushing. 


■■'1846. 


Sobraon (2). 


1775- 


-80. America. 


■^'1810. 


Busaco (i). 


1852. 


Rangoon. 


1775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


•'■1812. 


Badajos (i). 


■1852- 


-53. Pegu (2). 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


^■1812. 


Salamanca (i). 


"1854. 


Alma (i). 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


''1854. 


Inkerman (i). 


1794- 


Martinique. 


-1813. 


Vittoria (i). 


"1855. 


Sevastopol (i). 


1794- 


Guadaloupe. 


■1813. 


St. Sebastian (i). 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny, 


"1801. 


Egypt (2). 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 


1857. 


Cawnpore. 


1806. 


Cape of Good 


■1813. 


Nive (i). 


•1858. 


Lucknow (i). 




Hope. 


1813. 


Nivelle. 


"1858. 


Central India (2). 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres. 


1814. 


Bayonne. 


■=•1878- 


-79. South Africa (2), 


1807. 


Monte Video (i). 


1819. 


Cape of Good 


■-1882. 


Egypt (i). 


1808- 


-14. Peninsula (1). 




Hope. 


-•1884- 


-85. Ni!<; (3;. 


1808. 


Roleia (i). 


■•■■1824- 


■26. Ava (i). 


■■"18S5. 


Kirbecan (ly. 


1808. 


Vimiera (i). 


"1845. 


Moodkee (2). 







Uniform. — Both Battalions Scarlet and Yellow facings (on formation) ; Scarlet with 
^^'hite facings (present time). 

REcniLXTAL AND OTHER BADGES. — " The Sphinx," for " Egypt " (1801). Also "The 
Staffordshire Knot" (an ancient royal borough badge). 

Nicknames. — " The Pump and Tortoise " (of the 38th). Also " The Staffordshire 
Knots " (of the 80th). 



Notes. — The late 80th captured a gun at Ferozeshah (1845). 



ITbe Dorset0b(re IRcgiment, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The S4th (West Norfolk) Regiment of Foot; with Militia. 

3rd Batt. The Dorset Militia. 

" Primus in Indis." 




The Castle, Key, and Motto. 




The Marabout Sphinx. 



TITLES. 

I St Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1702-51. Colonel Richard Coote's (or 1755-57. The 56th Regiment of Foot; 

successive Colonels') Regiment of renumbered 

Foot. 

1751-82. The 39th Regiment of Foot. 1757-82. The 54th Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1807. The 39th (East Middlesex) 

Regiment of Foot. 1782-1881. The 54th (West Norfolk) 

1807-81. The 39th (Dorsetshire) Regi- Regiment of Foot. 

ment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The Dorsetshire Regiment. 



153 

Zbc Dorsetsbire TRcQiment—'ronfhmid. 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 




* " Honours" on 


iLe Colours 


>, the figures showing the 


Ealtalion concerned. 


1707- 


-12. Spain. 


1800. 


Isle Houat. 


■"1813. Vittoria (i). 


1707. 


Almanza (?). 


1800. 


Cadiz. 


"1813. Pyrenees (i). 


1709. 


Caya. 


1800. 


Minorca. 


'"■1813. Nivelle (i). 


I7I8. 


Messina. 


1800. 


Malta. 


*i8i3. Nive (1). 


1727. 


Gibraltar. 


I80I. 


Egypt (2). 


1 81 4-15. Netherlands. 


1757- 


Calcutta. 


I80I. 


Aboukir. 


•1814. Orthes (i). 


1757- 


Plassey (i). 


I80I. 


Mandora. 


1814. Tarbes. 


1776- 


-81. America. 


I80I. 


Alexandria. 


1 814. Bayonne. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


••■"1 80 1. 


Marabout (2). 


1 814. Toulouse. 


1778. 


Rhode Island. 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres. 


1 814. Plattsburg. 


1778. 


Connecticut. 


1807. 


Monte Video. 


1814. Antwerp. 


1779- 


-84. Gibraltar (i). 


*i8o9- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


■■1824-26. Ava (i). 


1780. 


Charlestowii. 


1810. 


Busaco. 


"■^1843. Maharajpore (i). 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


"1811. 


Albuera (i). 


■"'1855. Sevastopol (i). 


1794- 


Martinique. 


1811. 


Arroyo - dos - 


■"■r858-59. Indian Mutiny, 


1794. 


St. Lucia. 




Molinos. 


■■■'1897-98. Tirah. 


1794- 


Guadaloupe. 


1812- 


-14. Canada. 


1900. South Africa. 


1796. 


St. Vincent. 


1812. 


Badajos. 





Uniform. — ist and 2nd Batts., Scarlet with Green facings (at formation); Scarlet 
with \\'hite facings (present time). 

Regimental and other Badges, &c. — The motto, " Frimns in Indis" (the 39th 
Foot was the first King's Regiment to serve in India). Also " The Castle, Key, 
and Motto" — "-Mortis Insignia Calpe" (for defence of Gibraltar — 1779-83). 
Also the " Marabout Sphinx" for "Egypt" (i8or) — at this battle a gun, now at 
A\'oohvich, was captured by the 54th. 

Nicknames, &c. — " Sankey's Horse" (of the 39th, 1707, from its Colonel's name, 
and a tradition that to expedite its march to Almanza it was mounted on mules). 
Also {circa 1742) " The Green Linnets" (from its pea-green facings). 

Notes. — The 39th captured four guns and two standards at Maharajpore in 1843. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of the Z9^^'-> "'' Dorsetshire Regiment of Foot. 
1702-1853. Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1853.] 

Records of the <~,i,th West Norfolk Regiment. [Roorkee : Thomason. 1851.] 



r54 



^be prince of Malee's Doluntecrs (Soutb Xancasbire 

IRcQimcnt), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( ,, ) The 82nd (Prince of Wales's Vokinteers) Regiment of Foot; 

with Militia Battalion. 
3rd Batt. The 4th Royal Lancashire JNIilitia. 





The Prince of Wales's Plumk. 



The Sphinx. 



I'lTLES. 
ist Batt. 2nd Batt. 

17 17-51. Colonel Richard Philip's Regi- 
ment of Foot 1793-1881. The 82nd (Prince of Wales's 

1751-82. The 40th Regiment of Foot. Volunteers) Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 40th (2nd Somersetshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 
1 881 (from). The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment). 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

■ Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1757-60. Canada. 
""1758. Louisbourg (i). 

1759. Quebec. 

1760. Montreal. 

1 7 61. Guadaloupe. 
1762. Martinique. 
1762. Havannah. 
1776-78. America. 



1776. Brooklyn. 

1776. Long Island. 

1777. Brandywine. 

1777. Germantown. 

1778. St. Lucia. 
1794-95. Flanders. 
1794. Martinique. 
1794. Guadalou]je. 



1795. St. Vincent. 

1796. Grenada. 
1798. San Domingo. 
1798. Leghorn. 

1798. Malta. 

1799. Bergen. 

1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 
"1 80 1. Egypt. 



Ubc Ipuince of TKIlales's Volunteers (Soutb OLartcasfDlre 





PRINCIPAL 


CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, 


iS;c. — continued. 


I80I. 


Aboukir. 




1811. 


Barrossa. 


■1814. 


Niagara (2). 


I80I. 


Mandora. 




1811. 


Tarifa. 


■■1815. 


Waterloo (i). 


I80I. 


Rosetta. 




•"1812. 


Badajos (i). 


1815. 


Netherlands. 


I80I. 


Alexandria. 




1812. 


Burgos. 


■■1842. 


Candahar (i). 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres 




1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo. 


•■'1842. 


(jhuznee (i). 


1807. 


Monte Video 


(I)- 


'^■1812. 


Salamanca (i). 


-1842. 


Cabool (i). 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 




1813. 


Maya. 


•■•1843. 


Maharajpore (i). 


1808- 


■14. Peninsula (: 


r&2). 


"1813. 


Vittoria (i & 2). 


•■i855- 


Sevastopol (2). 


1808. 


Roleia (i & 2 


)■ 


''1813- 


Pyrenees (i & 2). 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1808. 


Vimiera (i & 


2). 


1813. 


St. Sebastian. 


■1857. 


Lucknow (2). 


1809. 


Corunna. 




''1813. 


Nivelle (i & 2). 


1857- 


Cawnpore. 


1809. 


Flushing. 




1813. 


Nive. 


•■■■1860- 


-65. NewZealand(i), 


1809. 


Talavera (i). 




■'■I 81 4. 


Orthes (i & 2). 


1900. 


South Africa. 


I8I0. 


Busaco. 




-1814. 


Toulouse (i). 






I8II. 


Albuera. 




1814. 


Bordeau.x. 







Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with Buff facings (17 17). 2nd Batt., Scarlet and Yellow 
facings (1793). Both Batts., at present time. Scarlet with White facings. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Prince of ^^'ales's Plume " (the Colonel of 
the 82nd when raised was attached to the household of the Prince of Wales). 
Also "The Sphinx" for "Egypt" (1801 — to the 40th Foot). 

Nickname.—" The Excellers " (of the 40th (XL.) Foot). " The Fighting Fortieth." 

Notes. — The 40th captured four standards at Maharajpore (1843). 

Bibliography. — A Short Record of the \st Battalion Prince of Wales's Volunteers.^ 
{South Lancashire Regiment), formerly the 40M {2nd Somersetshire) Regiment. By 
Captain R. H. Raymond-Smithies, 1st Batt. Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South 
Lancashire Regiment). [Jersey: 1891.] 

Historical Records of the ^oth {2nd Somersetshire) Regiment, 7iow 1st Battalion 
Prince of IVales's Volunteers {South Lancashire Regiment), from its formation in 
1717 to 1893. With many coloured plates and other illustrations. By Captain 
R. H. Raymond-Smithies, 1st Batt. Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lanca- 
shire Regiment). [Devonport : Swiss. 1894.] 

Historical Record of the ?>2nd Regiment {or Ptince of WaLs's Volunteers). Y,\ 
Major Jarvis, 82nd Regiment. [London: Mitchell. 1866.] 



156 



^be Melsb IReginient, 



COMPRISING 



1st Batt. (formerly) The 41st (The Welsh) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot ; with 

Militia Battalion. 
3rd Batt. The Royal Glamorgan Militia. 




The Royal Cypher with the 
Imperial Crown. 




Centre Ornament on 
Helmet-Plate. 



1st Batt. 



TITLES. 




The Dragon of Wales. 



2nd Batt. 



1719-87. Independent Companies of 1756-58. The 24th (2nd Batt.) Regiment 

Invalids (at first) ; subsequently The 

41st (Royal Invalids) Regiment. 
1787-1822. The 4rst Regiment of Foot. 



of Foot ; renumbered. 
1758-82. The 69th Regiment of Foot. 



1822-81. The 41st (The Welsh) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



1782-1881. The 69th (South Lincolnshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



?i (from). The Welsh Regiment. 



157 

Ube Melsb 1RcQimcnt—co?i^mued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
' Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



I76I. 


Belle Isle. 


•"■1809. 


Bourbon (2). 


-1815- 


-26. India (2). 


1778. 


St. Lucia. 


1810. 


Mauritius. 


••■-1824- 


•26. Ava (i). 


1793- 


Toulon. 


■-1811. 


Java (2). 


•"-1842. 


Candahar (i). 


1794- 


Corsica. 


1812- 


-14. Canada. 


•1842. 


Ghuznee (i). 


1794. 


San Domingo. 


'•■■1812. 


Detroit (i). 


■•■1842. 


Cabool (i). 


1795- 


Hyeres. 


"1812. 


Queenstown (i). 


1842. 


Kohistan. 


1796. 


Genoa. 


-1813. 


Miami (i). 


1842. 


Istuliflf. 


1796. 


Porto Ferrajo. 


""1813. 


Niagara (i). 


"1854. 


Alma (i). 


1797. 


St. Vincent (2). 


1814- 


-15. Netherlands. 


■■1854. 


Inkerman (i). 


1799. 


Helder. 


1814. 


Bergen-op-Zoom. 


•■■■i855- 


Sevastopol (i). 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1815. 


Quatre Bras. 


igoo. 


South Africa. 


1806. 


Vellore. 


•=^1815. 


Waterloo (2). 







Uniform. — ist Batt, Scarlet with Blue facings (1719-82) ; Scarlet with Scarlet facings 
(1782-1822); Scarlet with White facings (from 1822). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with 
Green facings (from 1758). ist and 2nd Batts., Scarlet and White facings 
(present time). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Rose and Thistle on the same stalk within 
the Garter.'' Also "The Prince of Wales's Plume," with the motto, " Gwell aiigua 
na Chywilydd" (received with its title in 1822). Also " The Royal Cypher with 
the Imperial Crown.'' The foregoing are recognised in the Army List, but " The 
Dragon of Wales " also appears on some appointments. 

Nicknames. — At St. Vincent (1797) Nelson dubbed the detachment of the 69th, 
serving as Marines, his " Old Agameinnons." " The Ups and Downs '' (of the 
late 69th) — the number can be read either way. " Wardour's Horse." 

Notes. — Since its return from India in 1826 the 69th had been unfortunate enough to 
miss every chance of active service until sent to South Africa in 1900. 

Bibliography. — A Narrative of the Historical Events connected with the Ggth Regiment. 
By W. F. Butler, 69th Regiment. [London : Mitchell. 1870.] 



158 



^be Black Matcb (IRo^al Ibiablanbers), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 42nd (Royal Highland— The Black Watch). 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment of Foot; with Militia Battalion. 

3rd Batt. The Royal Perth Militia. 





The Royal Cypher 
WITHIN THE Garter. 



The Collar-Badge. 




The Waist belt. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 
ist Batt. 

1725-39. The Black Watch {see Notes) 
f.1739-51. The Highland Regiment. 



ir.1751-58. The 42nd Highland Regiment. 
1758-1861. The 42nd Royal Highland 

Regiment of Foot. 
1861-1881. The 42nd Royal Highland 

(The Black ^Vatch) Regiment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. 

1758-86. The 2nd Batt. 42nd Royal 
Highlanders. 

1786-1862. The 73rd Regiment of 
Foot. 

1862-81. The 73rd (Perthshire) Regi- 
ment. 



5 1 (from). The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders). 
PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 
1743-47. Flanders. 1758. Ticonderoga. 1762-67. Indian Frontier 

1745. Fontenoy. i759- Guadaloupe. Service. 

1745. Jacobite rising. 1762. Martinique. 1763. Bushy Run. 

1757-60. Canada. 1762. Havannah. 1775-81. America, 



159 



1776. 


Lonn; Island. 


1799. 


Cadiz. 


1815. 


Quatre Bras. 


1776. 


White Plains. 


1800. 


Malta. 


■■■1815. 


Waterloo (i & 2), 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


"i8or. 


Egypt (i). 


1815. 


Netherlands. 


1776. 


Fort M'ashington. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


•1846- 


-53. South Africa (2). 


1777- 


Pisquata. 


1801. 


Aboukir. 


''1854. 


Alma (i). 


1777- 


Brandywine. 


i8or. 


Mandora. 


1854. 


Balaclava. 


1777. 


Germantown. 


•■1808- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


1854. 


Kertch. 


1778. 


Freehold. 


1808. 


Roleia. 


1855. 


Yenikale. 


1780. 


Charlestown. 


1808. 


Vimiera. 


^'1855. 


Sevastopol (i). 


^^1783- 


Mysore (2). 


■1809. 


Corunna (1). 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny. 


■1783. 


Mangalore (2). 


1810. 


Busaco. 


1857- 


Cawnpore. 


1793- 


Pondicherry. 


"1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor (i). 


■1858. 


Lucknow (i). 


1793- 


-95. Flanders. 


1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo. 


-•1874. 


Ashantee (i). 


1793- 


Nieuport. 


1812. 


Salamanca. 


■■•1882- 


-84. Egypt (i). 


1794. 


Nimeguen. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


-^-1882. 


Tel-el-Kebir (i). 


1795- 


Ceylon. 


''1813. 


Pyrenees (i). 


^'1884- 


-85. Nile(i). 


1795- 


Guildermalsen. 


1813. 


Gohrde. 


1884. 


El-Teb. 


1796. 


St. Lucia. 


^^1813. 


Nivelle (i). 


1884. 


Tamai. 


1797- 


St. Vincent. 


^^1813. 


Nive (i). 


■■•'1885. 


Kirbekan (i). 


1798. 


Minorca. 


1814. 


Antwerp. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


-■t799- 


Seringapatam (2). 


■""1814. 


Orthes (i). 






1799. 


Genoa. 

M. — 1st Batt., 1725 to 


■•■■1814. 


Toulouse (i). 


tartans of _ 




Un'ifor 


. 1739, the 1 


;-iighIancl dress with the 


the respective captains ; 


1739 to 1758, Red with 


Buff facings 


; and ' ' the 42nd tartan ' 


' ; I7|;8 to present time, Red with 



Dark Blue facings. 2nd Batt., as the 42nd, and also as the 73rd, the Highland garb and "42nd 
tartan" were long in wear. Subsequently {circa 1786) Scarlet, with Dark Green facings, was 
adopted. 

RE'5iMENTAr, BADGES. — "The Royal Cypher within the Garter." The badge and motto of the Order 
of the Thistle. Also (in each of the four corners) the Royal Cypher ensigned with the Imperial 
Crown. Also " The Sphinx" (for Egypt, 1801). 

Notes. — The ist Battalion of this famous corps, the oldest Highland regiment in the British army, was 
raised {circa 1725-29) from six Independent companies of Highlanders. Its sombre dress of black, 
blue, and green tartan gave rise to its popular name. To enumerate its services is simply to narrate 
(he military history of Great Britain since the early part of the last century. Hardly a campaign has 
been conducted, or a battle fought, in which the Black Watch — one battalion or the other, or 
both in company — has not participated ; always with bravery, and frequently \\\\\x conspicuous 
gallantry. Thereto its record of services abundantly testifies. At Fontenoy, Ticonderoga, and at 
Bushy Run "extraordinary" and "unexampled" gallantry was shown. It received Royal 
distinction in its change of title in 1758, and was privileged to wear the red heckle in the bonnet, 
in recognition of its conduct at the battle of Guildermalsen in 1795. In Egypt (in 1801, for which 
it bears "The Sphinx"), before Alexandria, it captured the Standard of the French Invincible 
Legion. Since then it has heaped fame on fame, and added "honour" to "honour" to its 
Colours. Nor has the 2nd Battalion (raised in Perthshire in 1758 as the 2nd Battalion of the 42nd, 
but, renumbered, long known as the 73rd prior to the territorial restoration of the ancient status) 
failed to win fresh laurels as occasion arose. At Mangalore (1783) against Tippoo Sahib, and side 
by side with the senior battalion at Waterloo, in the Netherlands, in the Indian Mutiny, and in 
the Kaffir wars of 1846-53, it has worthily sustained the undying fame of the regiment. Recent 
events in South Africa show that neither the officers nor the men of to-day have lost one iota of that 
traditional dash, determination, and bravery which have won for the Black Watch so glorious a 
place in British military annals. 

'Qy&uoo'&KY^'^ .—Historical Record of thf /^znd, or Royal Highland Regiment of Foot. 1 729-1844. 
Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1845.] 

Chronology and Book of Days of the iflnd Royal Highlanders, The Black Watch. 1 729-1874. 
[Edinburgh : Elgin and Son. 1874.] 

Historical Record of the "jyi Reginunt. 1780-1851. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1851.] 



t6o 



^be ©yforbsbirc %{Qbt 3nfantr^, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 43rd (Monmouthshire Light Infantry) Regiment. 

2nd Batt. ( ,, ) The 52nd (Oxfordshire Light Infantry) Regiment ; with Mihtja 
BattaUons. 

3rd Batt. The Royal Bucks Militia. 

4th Batt. The Oxford Militia. 





The United Red and White Rose. 



The Button. 



TITLES. 

2nd Batt. 

1755-57- The 54th Regiment of Foot. 
1757-82. The 52nd Regiment of Foot. 



1st Batt. 

1 7 41-5 1. Colonel Thomas Fowkes' (or 

successive Colonels') Regiment of 

Foot. 
1751-82. The 43rd Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1803. The 43rd (Monmouthshire) 

Regiment of Foot. 
1803-81. The 43rd (Monmouthshire 

Light Infantry) Regiment. 

1 88 1 (from). The Oxfordshire Light Infantry. 



1 7 82-1 803. The 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1803-81. The 5 2nd (Oxfordshire Light 
Infantry) Regiment. 



i6i 



Ube ®jfor5sbtre Xigbt ^}\imtt'Q—co?iiinued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
' Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



I7S9- 


-60. Canada. 


1794. 


Martinique. 


•"■1812. 


Badajos (i & 2). 


*i759. 


Quebec (1). 


1794- 


Guadaloupe. 


•■1812. 


Salamanca (i & 2). 


1760. 


Sillery. 


1794- 


St. Lucia. 


1813. 


St. Sebastian. 


1760. 


Montreal. 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 


^^1813. 


Vittoria (i & 2). 


1762. 


Martinique. 


■""1808- 


-14. Peninsula (i 


^^1813. 


Nivelle (i & 2). 


1762. 


Havannah. 


& 


2). 


■•-1813. 


Nive (i & 2). 


1775- 


-82. America. 


•-1808. 


Vimiera (i & 2). 


•■■■181 4. 


Orthes (2). 


1775- 


Lexington. 


*i8o9. 


Corunna (i & 2). ■ 


■-'1814. 


Toulouse (i & 2). 


1775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1814- 


-15. Netherlands. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1809. 


Douro. 


--1815. 


AVaterloo (2). 


1777. 


Brandywine. 


1809. 


Talavera. 


1815. 


New Orleans. 


1778. 


Freehold. 


•■1810. 


Busaco (i & 2). 


"1850- 


-53. South Africa (i). 


*i783. 


Mysore (2). 


1811. 


Sabugal. 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny. 


-■■•1790- 


-93. Hindoostan (2). 


■^■'1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor (i 


"1857. 


Delhi (2). 


1791. 


Bangalore. 


& 


2). 


•■■1864- 


-66. New Zealand (i), 


1791. 


Savendroog. 


"1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo (i 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1792. 


Seringapatam. 


& 


2)- 






1793- 


Pondicherry. 











Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with White facings (from formation). 2nd Batt., Scarlet 
with Buff facings (till territorialised in 1881, when it came into line with all non- 
" Royal" regiments, and the facings were changed to White). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The United Red and White Rose " (in Army 
List). A special badge on various appointments consists of a combination of 
" A Bugle with Strings," a " Laurel Wreath," and " A Crown " {see Button). 

Nickname. — " The Light Bobs" (of the late 43rd). 

Notes. — It will be noticed that the two regiments now linked as The Oxfordshire 
Light Infantry have frequently fought side by side with distinction. 

J3IBLI0GRAPHY. — Historical Records of The \yd Regiment {Monmouthshire Light 
Infantry). To iSdj. By Sir Richard J. A. Levinge, Bart. [London: Clowes. 
1868.] 

Historical Record of The $2nd {Oxfordshire Light Infantry). By W. S. 
Moorsom, late Captain 52nd Light Infantry. [London: Bentley. i860.] 

M 



l62 



^be i£0sey IRegiment, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 44th (East Essex) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( ,, ) The 56th (^^'est Essex) Regiment of Foot; with Militia 
Battalions. 

3rd Batt. The Essex Rifles. 

4th Batt. The West Essex Militia. 




The Castle and Kly. 





The County Arms. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES, 
ist Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1740-48. The 44th (or Wolfe's Marines) 1741-48. The 56th (Sherwood Foresters) 
Regiment of Foot : disbanded. Regiment of Foot : renumbered as- 

1741-51. Colonel James Long's (or sue- The 45th. 

cessive Colonels') Regiment of Foot. 1755-57. The 58th Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 44th Regiment of Foot. 1757-82. The 56th Regiment of Foot. 

1 782-1881. The 44th (East Essex) Regi- 1782-1881. The 56th (West Essex) Regi- 
ment of Foot. ment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The Essex Regiment. 



i6; 



^be Essej IRcQimcnt—con^i^uci/. 



1741. 

1745- 
1746. 

1755- 
1758. 
1758. 
1760. 
''1762. 
1762. 
1763. 

1775- 
1776. 
1776. 

1777- 
1777. 
1778. 
■■1779- 
1794- 
1794- 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BA 

* "Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing 

Carthagena. 17 94- Guadaloupe. 

Jacobite rising. 1794-95. Flanders. 

CuUoden. 1796. St. Lucia. 

1796-98. San Domin;:;o, 

1799. Bergen. 

1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 
'""1801. Egypt (i). 

1801. Mandora. 

1801. Alexandria. 

1809. Ionian Islands. 

1809. Bourbon. 

18 10. Mauritius. 
''■1810-T3. Peninsula (1). 

18 10. Matagorda. 

1811. Sabugal. 
■""1812. Badajos (i). 
'"■1812. Salamanca (1). 

1812. Burgos. 
1 814. Antwerp. 



•60. Canada. 

Ticonderoga. 

Louisbourg. 

Niagara. 

Moro (2). 

Havannah. 

Montreal. 
■80. America. 

Brooklyn. 

Long Island. 

Brandywine. 

Germantown. 

Freehold. 
83. Gibraltar (2) 

Martinique. 

St. Lucia. 



I'TLES, &c. 

the Battalion concerned. 

"1814. Bladensburg (i) 
i8r4. Baltimore. 
1 81 4-1 5. Netherlands. 

1814. Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1815. New Orleans. 
181 5. Quatre Bras. 

"1815. Waterloo (i). 
"■''1824-26. Ava (i). 

i84r-42. Cabool. 
"•'■r854. Alma (i). 
■■■"1854. Inkerman (i). 
"■'■1855. Sevastopol (i & 2). 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 

i860. China. 
'■■"i860. Taku Forts (i). 
•'"1884-85. Nile (2). 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — 1st Batt., Scarlet with Yellow facings (from 1741 till territorialised, when 
White facings were substituted). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with Crimson facings (from 
1741-64) ; Scarlet with Purple facings (from 1764 to 1881 : see Nicknames). 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The Castle and Key" and Motto, ''Montis 
Jnsig?iia Calpe" (for defence of Gibraltar by the 56th). Also "The Sphinx" for 
"Egypt" (1801 — by the 44th). Also, though not in Army List, "The 
County Arms." 

Nicknames, &c.—" The Two Fours" (of the 44th). "The Little Fighting Fours" 
(the regiment saw hard service in the Peninsula, and its men were of small average 
stature). " The Pompadours " and " Saucy Pompeys." (Tradition relates that 
when the facings were changed in 1764 (the criinson not wearing well) the Colonel 
desired Blue, but, the authorities objecting, he chose Purple, a favourite colour of 
Madame de Pompadour, a mistress of Louis XV. of France.) 

Notes. — The 44th captured an Eagle of The 62nd French Infantry at Salamanca. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The ^^t/i, or East Essex Regiment of Foot. 
Illustrated. [London: Mitchell. 1864. J 

Historical Record of The i,i,th, or East Essex Regiment. By T. Carter. 
2nd Edition. Illustrated. [Chatham : Gale and Polden. 1887.] 

Historical Record of The ^iith, or West Essex Regiment. 1755-1844. 
Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1844.] 

n 2 



164 



tTbe Sberwoob jforesters (Derbi^sbire IRcgiment), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 45 ih (Nottinghamshire — Sherwood Foresters) Regiment. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot; with Militia 

Battalions. 

3rd Batt. The ist and 2nd Derby Militia. 

4th Batt. The Royal Sherwood Foresters Militia. 





The United Red and White Rose. 



The Collar Badge. 



TITLES. 
I St Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1741-48. The 45th Regiment of Foot; 1760-63. The 95th Regiment of Foot; 

also Fraser's or The 2nd (Green) disbanded. 

Marines; disbanded. 1780-83. The 95th Regiment of Foot; 
1741-51. Colonel D. Houghton's (or disbanded. 

successive Colonels') Regiment of 1794-96- The 95th Regiment of Foot; 

Foot; disbanded. disbanded. 

1751-82. The 45th Regiment of Foot. 1802-16. The 95th (Rifles); re-named 

The Rifle Brigade. 
1782-1866. The 4Sth (Nottinghamshire) 1816-18-. The 9Sth Regiment of Foot ; 

Regiment of Foot. disbanded. 

1866-81. The 4Sth (Nottinghamshire — 1824-5-1881. The 95th (Derbyshire) Regi- 
Sherwood Foresters) Regiment. ment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment). 



i65 

Zbc Sbei'woob fforesters (2)erb8sbire IReginietit)— f<'«''/««^fl'. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

" Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalions concerned. 



1757- 


-60. Canada. 


*i8o8. 


Roleia (i). 




■"'1824- 


-26. Ava (i). 


1758- 


Louisbourg (i). 


■"1808. 


Vimiera (i). 




■^^1846- 


-47. South Africa ( I), 


1759- 


Quebec. 


"1809. 


Talavera (i). 




1852- 


-53. South Africa. 


1762. 


Martinique. 


"1810. 


Busaco (i &: 2). 




'■1854. 


Alma (2), 


1775- 


-78. America. 


•■■'181 1. 


Fuentes d'Onor 


(i). 


"1854. 


Inkerman (2). 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


•■■-1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo 


(I). 


•■■^855. 


Sevastopol (2). 


1776. 


Long Island. 


■~l8l2. 


Badajos (i). 




1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1776. 


Brunx. 


"1812. 


Salamanca (1). 




"1858- 


■59. Central India(2). 


1777- 


Brandywine. 


1812. 


Burgos. 




"1868. 


Abyssinia (2). 


1777. 


Germantown. 


"1813. 


Vittoria (i). 




1868. 


Magdala. 


1795- 


Cape of Good Hope. 


''1813. 


Pyrenees (i). 




■^^1882. 


Egypt (2). 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres. 


"1813. 


Nivelle (i). 




'^1897- 


-98. Tirah. 


1807. 


Monte Video. 


•'■■1814. 


Orthes (i). 




1903. 


South Africa. 


1808- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


•=■1814. 


Toulouse (i). 









Uniform. — Scarlet, with Green facings (ist Batt.), and Scarlet with Yellow facings 
(2nd Batt.), from formation in 1741 and 1823 respectively until territorialised. 
The facings are now ^\'hite. 

Regimental and other Badges. — In tlie Arwy Liit "The United Red and White 
Rose." Also in various combinations, " .\ Maltese Cross surmounted by a 
Crown ; a A\'hite Stag (the municipal arms of Derby) within a Wreath." 

Nickname. — " The Old Stubborns " (of the 45th Foot, during the Peninsular 
Campaigns). 

Notes. — The 45th captured a French flag at the storming of Badajos. 

Bibliography. — The g$ih {The Derbyshire) Jiegimcnt in the Crimea. By Major 
H. C. Wylly. [London: Sonnenschein, 1900.] 



i66 



Zbc Xoi^al H^ortb Xancasbire IRealment, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 47th (Lancashire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 8ist (Loyal Lincoln Volunteers) Regiment of Foot; with 
Mihtia Battalions. 

3rd & 4th Batt. The 3rd Royal Lancashire Militia. 




The Red Rose. 




The Royal 
Crest. 




The Ar.ms of the Ciry Of 
Lincoln. 



TITLES. 

ist Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1740-48. The 47th (4th Marines) Regi- 1759-63- The 8ist (Invalids) Regiment; 



ment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1741-51. Colonel John Mordaunt's (or 
Colonel's name) Regiment of Foot. 

1751-82. The 47th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 47th (Lancashire) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



dispersed as Independent Companies. 

1778-83. The 8ist (Aberdeen High- 
landers) Regiment of Foot; dis- 
banded. 

1793-94- The 8ist (Loyal Lincoln Volun- 
teers) Regiment. 

1794-1833. The 8ist Regiment of Foot. 

1833-81. The 8ist (Loyal Lincoln Volun- 
teers) Regiment of Foot. 



1881 (from). The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. 



i67 

ICbe Xogal IRortb Xancasbire IRegtment— ^rw^v^^.y. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

" Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1745- 


Jacobite rising. 


1800. 


Kaffraria. 


-^^•1813. 


Vittoria (i). 


1746. 


Falkirk. 


"1806. 


Maida (2). 


-1813. 


St. Sebastian (i). 


1757- 


-60. Canada. 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres. 


1814. 


Nive. 


*i758. 


Louisbourg (i). 


1807. 


Monte Video. 


1814. 


Bayonne. 


*i759- 


Quebec (i). 


1809. 


Scylla Castle. 


•"'1826. 


Ava (i). 


1760. 


SiUery. 


1809. 


Ionian Islands. 


••■•1854.' 


Alma (i). 


1760. 


Montreal. 


■■"1809. 


Corunna (2). 


•■-1854. 


Inkerman (i). 


1762. 


Martinique. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


'-I855- 


Sevastopol (i). 


1775- 


-81. America. 


■1810- 


-14. Peninsula (1&2). 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1775- 


Lexington. 


1811. 


Barrossa. 


•■■'1878- 


■79. Afghanistan(2). 


1775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


"1811. 


Tarifa (i). 


••'1878. 


Ali Masjid (2). 


1777- 


Stillwater. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1796. 


San Domingo. 











Uniform. — Scarlet and White facings (ist Batt.) and Scarlet with Buff facings (2nd 
Batt.) from formation ; both battalions have White facings at present time. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Red Rose of Lancaster." Also " The 
King's (or Royal) Crest of England " (which is also the badge of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, and is said to have been conferred on the 47 th when raised in 
Scotland). Also on some appointments " The Arms of the City of Lincoln." 

Nicknames, &c. — "Wolfe's Own" (of the 47th at Quebec — the black worm in the 
gold lace, as now worn, is in memory of the Hero of Quebec). " The Cauli- 
flowers" (of the 47th, in allusion to its white facings, an unusual colour when the 
corps was raised). " The Lancashire Lads " (also of the 47 th — from its county 
title). 

Notes. — This is the only regiment entitled " Loyal," but the term was originally 
applied, not to the Lancashire, but to the Lincoln battalion. When raised the 
Lincoln Militia volunteered in a body. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The ?>ist Regijnenf, or Loyal Lincoln Volunteers. 
1793-1872. [Gibraltar, 1872.] 



1 68 



^be H^ortbamptonsbirc IReoiment, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) :: The 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot; with Militia 

Battalions. 
3rd Batt. The Northampton and Rutland Mihtia. 





Ornament on Helmet Plate. 



The Spphnx. 



ist Batt. 

1740-48. The 48th (The sth or Coch- 
rane's Marines) Regiment; disbanded. 

1 740-51. Colonel James Cholmondeley's 
(or successive Colonels') Regiment 
of Foot. 

1751-82. The 48th Regiment of Foot. 

1 782-1881. The 48th (Northampton- 
shire) Regiment of Foot. 



TITLES 

2nd Batt. 

1740-48. The 58th Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered the 47th, and now The 
ist Batt. Loyal North Lancashire. 

1756-57- The 58th Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered The 56th. 

1755-57- The 60th Regiment of Foot; 

renumbered The 5 8th. 
1757-82. The 58th Regiment of Foot. 
1782-1881. The sSth (Rutlandshire) 

Regiment of Foot. 



1 88 1 (from). The Northamotonshire Regiment. 



169 

Zbc IRortbamptonsbtre IReQlment— ^^«/'>«/<''j' 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1744-47. Flanders. 


•'1 80 1. 


Egypt (2). 




-1813. 


Vittoria (i & 2). 


1745. Fontenoy. 


1801. 


Aboukir. 




■■1813. 


Pyrenees (i & 2). 


1745. Jacobite rising. 


1801. 


Mandora. 




^^1813. 


Xivelle (i & 2). 


1746. Culloden. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 




1813. 


Nive. 


1747. Val. 


■1806. 


Maida (2). 




-^'1814. 


Orthes (i & 2). • 


1758-62. Canada. 


1809. 


Scylla. 




1814. 


Bordeaux. 


1758. Louisbourg (i & 2). 


■■■'1809- 


-14. Peninsula 


(i & 


■"■18T4. 


Toulouse (i). 


1759- Quebec (i & 2). 




2). 




1814. 


Plattsburg. 


1760. Sillery. 


"■"1809. 


Douro (i). 




1834- 


Coorg. 


1760. Montreal. 


1809. 


Oporto. 




^^1849- 


-56. New Zealand 


1762. Martinique. 


"■■'1809. 


Talavera (i). 






(3). 


1762. Havannah. 


1810. 


Busaco. 




"1855- 


Sevastopol (i). 


1779-83. Gibraltar (2). 


•-1811. 


Albuera (i). 




-1879. 


South Africa (2). 


1794. Martinique. 


1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo. 


1881. 


Transvaal. 


1796. St. Lucia. 


■■■'1812. 


Badajos (i). 




-1897- 


-98. Tirah. 


1798. Minorca. 


"1812. 


Salamanca (i 


& 2). 


1900. 


South Africa. 


t8oo. Malta. 


1812. 


Burgos. 









Unifor.m. — ist Batt., Red (afterwards Scarlet) with Buff facings (from 1741 to 1881). 
2nd Batt., Scarlet with White (or Buff) facings (1755-1767); Scarlet with Black 
facings (1767-1881). The facings for both battalions are now White. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Castle and Key,'' with the motto, "Montis 
Insignia Calpe" (for the defence of Gibraltar by the 58th). Also "The Sphinx," 
for " Egypt" (1801 — also an honour of the 58th). 

Nicknames. — " The Black Cuffs" (from the facings of the 58th in 1767). Also '■ The 
Steel Backs." 

Notes. — It was declared of The 48th that they saved the day at Talavera by their 
"advance, position, and steadiness" — hence "Talavera" on the helmet and waist- 
plates. 



I70 



princess Cbarlotte of Males's (IRo^al Berl^sbirc 

IRcaiment), 

COMPRISING 

ISt Batt. (formerly) The 49th (Hertfordshire — Princess Charlotte of Wales's) 

Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 66th (Berkshire) Regiment of Foot; with MiUtia Battalion. 

3rd Batt. The Royal Berkshire Militia. 




Thk Dragon of China. 



TITLES. 



ISt Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1742-48. The 49th (The 6th or Cotterell's 

Marines) Regiment ; disbanded. 
1 7 43~5 1 ■ Colonel Edward Trelawney's (or 

Colonel's name) Regiment of Foot. 
1751-82. The 49th Regiment of Foot. 
1 7 82-1 81 6. The 49th (Hertfordshire) 

Regiment of Foot. 
i8r6-8i. The 49th (Hertfordshire— The 

Princess of Wales's) Regiment., 

1 88 1 (from). Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment). 



1755-58. The 19th (2nd Batt.) Regiment 
of Foot; renumbered. 

1758-82. The 66th Regiment of Foot. 

1 782-1881. Tlie 66th (Berkshire) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



171 

Iprincess Cbarlotte of Males's (IRopal Berftsbire IRegiment;- 

continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
* " Honours" on the Colours, ihe figures showing ihe Battalion concerned. 



1775- 


-78. America. 


1812- 


-14. America. 


1842. 


Ningpoo. 


^775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


••■•1812. 


Queenstown (i). 


■-1854. 


Alma (i). 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1813. 


Chiysder's Farm. 


■-1854. 


Inkerman (i). 


1776. 


Long Island. 


--1813. 


Vittoria (2). 


"1855. 


Sevastopol (i). 


1776. 


Brunx. 


■1813. 


Pyrenees (2). 


*i879- 


-80. Afghanistan ( 


1777- 


Brandy wine. 


■1813. 


Nivelle (2). 


1880. 


Maiwand. 


1778. 


St. Lucia. 


•-1813. 


Nive (2). 


■1880. 


Kandahar (2). 


1796. 


San Domingo. 


••■"7814. 


Orthes (2). 


-1882. 


E^ypt (I). 


■'■i799- 


Egmont-op-Zee (i). 


1821. 


Capeof Good Hope. 


-1885. 


Suakim (i). 


•■"1801. 


Copenhagen (i). 


■1840- 


-42. China (i). 


1885. 


Tamai. 


"1809- 


-14. Peninsula (2). 


1842. 


Chusan. 


1885. 


Nile. 


'■'1809. 


Douro (2). 


1842. 


Canton. 


■^'1885. 


Tofrek (i). 


*i8o9. 


Talavera (2). 


1842. 


Amoy. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


*i8ii. 


Albuera (2). 


1842. 


Shanghai. 







Uniform. — Scarlet (or Red) with Green facings (both Batts. when raised); Scarlet 
with Blue facings (present time). 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The Dragon" (for China). Also (on Helme;- 
plate, not mentioned in Army List) " A Stag under a Tree " (an old badge of 
the Militia Battalion). 

Notes. — Raised in Jamaica from Volunteer Companies left in the Island in 17 14. 
For distinction in the American War (1776) the "Grenadier Company '' wore a 
white feather with a black tip, and the "Light Company" a red heckle. Its 
title in 1816 was bestowed for services to the Princess at Weymouth. The and 
Battalion (as the 66th Foot) was part of the St. Helena Garrison during the exile 
of the Emperor Napoleon I. 



Bibliography. — Th: 66tk Berkshire Regiment. 
Beecroft. 18S7 1 



By J. Percy Groves. [Reading 



172 



^bc (Siuecn'6 ®wn (IRoi^al Meet Ikcnt) IResimcnt, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 50th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot; with 

Militia Battalions. 
3rd Batt. The ist West Kent Militia. 

" Quo fas et gloria dnautt." 




The Royal Crest of England. 





The White Horse and Motto. 



The Sphinx. 



TIT 
I St Batt. 

1740-48. The 58th (The 7th, or Corn- 
wall's Marines) Regiment ; disbanded. 

1748-57. The 50th (Shirley's American 
Provincials) Regiment of Foot ; dis- 
banded. 

1757-82. The 50th (raised in 1751 as the 
52nd) Regiment of Foot. 

1 782-1827. The 50th (West Kent) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1S27-31. The soth (The Duke of 
Clarence's) Regiment of Foot. 

1831-81. The 50th (The Queen's Own) 
Regiment of Foot. 

i88t (from). The Queen's Ow 



XES. 

2nd Batt. 

1759-63. The 97th Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

1779-83. The 97th Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

1794-95. The 97th (Strathspey High- 
landers) Regiment ; disbanded, the 
flank companies going to the Black 
Watch. 

1798-1802. The 97th (Queen's Germans) ; 
renumbered The 96th. 

1804-18. The 98th Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered and disbanded as The 
97th. 

1824-81. The 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) 
Regiment of Foot, 
n (Royal West Kent) Regiment. 



173 



Xlbe (Siueen's ®wn (IRogal Mest Ikent) IRcQimcnt—'^onfimied. 



1759- 


■62. Germany. 


■■■1808- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


1760. 


Corbach. 


1808. 


Roleia. 


I76I. 


Belle Isle. 


•■■■1808. 


Vimiera (i). 


I76I. 


Kirk Denkern. 


"•■■1809. 


Corunna (i). 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1783- 


Gibraltar. 


■■1812. 


Almaraj (i). 


1793- 


Toulon. 


1812. 


Badajos. 


1794- 


Corsica. 


■181.3. 


Vittoria (i). 


1797- 


-99. Portugal. 


1813. 


Maya. 


1801. 


Egypt (i). 


-1813. 


Pyrenees (i). 


1801. 


Mandora. 


■1813. 


Nive (i). 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


••■■1814. 


Orthes (i). 


1807. 


Copenhagen. 


1814. 


Plattsburg. 


1808. 


Cadiz. 


"1843- 


Punniar (i). 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
* '* Honours*' on ihe Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 

■'■'1845. Moodkee (i). 

■1845. Ferozeshah (i). 
"1846. Aliwal (i). 
■■■"1846. Sobraon (i). 
"1854. Alma (1). 

■1854. Inkerman (i). 

■'1855. Sevastopol (i & 2). 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
••'1858. Lucknow (2). 
•'■■1863-66. NewZealand(i). 

1 88 1. South Africa. 
'•■■1882. Egypt (i). 
■^-1884-85. Nile (i). 
1900. South Africa. 

Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet -with Scarlet facings (1755-67) ; Scarlet with Black facings 
(i767-i83r); Scarlet with Blue facings (from r83i). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with Sky- 
blue facings (on formation in 1824). 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The Sphinx" for " Egypt " (1801). The Motto 
" Quo fas et gloria duamt" ("Whither right and glory lead"), borne by the late 
97th. Also, on appointments, " The Royal Crest " ; " The White Horse of Kent " 
with '^ Invicta" (adopted since territorialisation). Also (formerly), " The White 
Horse of Hanover " (in common with many line Regiments). 

Nicknames. — " The Blind Half-Hundred" (of the late 50th, many of its men suffering 
severely from ophthalmia in Egypt, 1801). " The Dirty Half-Hundred " (at Vimiera, 
where the 50th fought with much distinction ; Major Napier wrote their faces were 
" begrimed with powder as black as their own lapels "). " The Devil's Royals " 
(also of the Soth). " The Gallant Fiftieth " (this sobriquet was likewise bestowed 
for gallantry at Vimiera, 900 " tumbling down on Laborde's division of French 
[5,300 strong] amidst a fearful war-cry, and with a shock that nothing could with- 
stand " — so also wrote Major Napier). " The Celestials " (from the Sky-blue 
facings of the 97th raised by the Earl of Ulster, the colour being that of the ribbon 
of the Order of St. Patrick). 

Notes. — Its county connection apparently dates from the time of the American ^Var, 
when its Colonel was one of the distinguished Kentish Wilson family, who also 
have been intimately connected with the Kentish Militia. 

Bibliography. — The History of The ^oth {The Qjieeiis Own) Regime?it. From the 
earliest date to the year 1881. By Colonel Fyler. Coloured illustrations, maps, 
and plans. [London: Chapman and Hall. 1895. J 



174 



^be Iking's ®wn (JDorftebire Xigbt Jnfantr^), 



COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The sist (2nd Yorkshire A\'est Riding) Regiment. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The rosth (Madras Light Infantry) Regiment; with Militia 
Battalion. 

3rd Batt. The ist West York Mihtia. 

" Cede Mtllis:' 




The White Rose (of York). 



TITLES. 



1st Batt. 

1 7 40-48. The 5 1 St (The 8th or Sir Thomas 
Hanmer's Marines) Regiment ; dis- 
banded. 

1745-57. The 51st (raised in 1745 as 
Pepperil's American Provincials) 
Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1755-57. The 53rd Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered. 

1757-82. The 51st Regiment of Foot. 

1 782-1 809. The 51st (2nd Yorkshire, 
West Riding) Regiment of Foot. 

i8o;-2i. The 51st (2nd Yorkshire, West 
Riding, Light Infantry) Regiment. 

1821-81. The 51st (2nd Yorkshire, West 
Riding, The King's Own Light 
Infantry) Regiment. 

1 88 1 (from). The King's Ow 



2nd Batt. 

1761-63. The 105th (Queen's Own Royal 
Highlanders) Regiment ; raised as a 
wedding escort to Queen Charlotte ; 
disbanded. 

1781-83. The 105th (Volunteers of 
Ireland) Regiment. 

1794-96. The 105th Regiment of Foot. 

1839-58. The Hon. East India Com- 
pany's 2nd Madras (European Light 
Infantry) Regiment. 

1858-61. The 2nd Madras (Light Infantry)- 
Regiment. 

1861-81. The 105th (Madras Light 

Infantry) Regiment, 
n Yorkshire Light Infantry. 



175 



Ube IRing's ©wn (l^orftsbtre Xigbt Jnfantrg)— ^^«a«2/^</. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
■ Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion conceined. 



1758- 


-62. Germany. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


^1759- 


Minden (i). 


•^1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor (i). 


1760. 


Corbach. 


1812. 


Badajos. 


1760. 


Warbourg. 


•-1812. 


Salamanca (i). 


1782. 


Minorca. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1793- 


Toulon. 


--1813. 


Vittoria (i). 


1794. 


Corsica. 


^^813. 


Pyrenees (1). 


•"1808- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


^^1813. 


Nivelle (i). 


■■"1809. 


Corunna (i). 







'1814, Orthes (i). 
'"■1815. ^^'aterloo (i). 

1 81 5. Netherlands. 
"'1852-3. Pegu (i). 
'■■1878-80. Afghanistan (i). 
■1878. Ali Masjid (i). 
"1885-7. Burma (i). 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with Sea-Green (and latterly " full " Green) facings 
(1755-1821); Scarlet with Blue facings (from 1821). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with 
Buflf facings (1839-1881); Scarlet with Blue facings (from 1881). 

Regimental Badge. — " The White Rose " (of York). The Motto, " Cede NttUis " 
("Yield to None'' — brought by the late losth. It appears first in the Indian 
Army List for 1841). On most of the appointments '' A French Horn " 
appears in combination with " The \Vhite Rose." 

Nickname. — " The Kolis " (from the title received in 1821 — K[ing's] 0[wn] L[ight] 
I[nfantry]). 

Bibliography. — A Record of the Services of The 5 \st {2nd West York) T^ie King's 
Ow7i Light Infantry Regiment. By W. Wheater. [London: Longmans. 1870.] 



176 



Zhc MwQ's (Sbropsbirc %\Qbt Jnfantri?), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 8sth (Bucks Volunteers) (King's Light Infantry) Regi- 
ment ; with MiUtia Battalions. 

3rd Batt. The Shropshire Militia. 

4th Batt. The Hereford Militia. 

" Audo splendore resurgo'' 




The United Red and White Rose. 



TITLES. 
1st Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1741-48. The 53rd (The loth or Jeffrey's, 1759-63- The Ssth (Royal Volunteers 



Light Infantry) Regiment; disbanded. 

1778-83. The 85th (Westminster Volun- 
teers) Regiment ; mostly lost at sea 
returning from Jamaica ; rest dis- 
banded. 

1794-1808. The 85th (Bucks Volunteers) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1808-15. The 85 th (Bucks Volunteers 
Light Infantry) Regiment. 

1815-21. The 85th (Bucks Volunteers) 
(Duke of York's Own Light Infantry) 
Regiment. 

1821-81. The 85th (Bucks Volunteers) 
(King's Light Infantry) Regiment. 
1881 (from). The King's (Shropshire Light Infantry). 



afterwards Agnew's Marines) Regi- 
ment ; disbanded. 

1755-57. The 55th Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered. 

1757-82. The 53rd Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 53rd (Shropshire) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



177 



Ube Iking's (Sbropsbire Xigbt 3nfantv^)—'rmfmued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

' Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1 8 14. Washington. 

181 5. New Orleans. 
T817-19. Pindarree War. 
18 — . Copal Droog. 
1838-39. Canada. 

*i846. Aliwal (i). 

1 84- Buddiwal. 
■■'1846. Sobraon (i). 
"1848-49. Punjaub (i). 
■"'1849. Goojerat. (i) 

1856-57. South Africa. 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
■"i8j7. Lucknow (i). 

1857. Cawnpore. 
""'1879-80. Afghanistan (2). 
*i882. Egypt (i). 
"1885. Suakim (1). 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with Scarlet facings (T755 ti^^ 1881); Scarlet with Blue 
facings (present time). 2nd Batt., Scarlet with Yellow facings (1794-1821); 
Scarlet with Blue facings (since 182 1). 

Regimental Badge. — " The United Red and White Rose.'' Motto : ^^ Aiicto spkndore 
resurgo" (from 1821). "A Bugle with Strings" is also worn on various appoint- 
ments. 

Nicknames. — " The Brickdusts " (from the facings of the 53rd). " The Old Five and 
Threepennies " (from its number, and the daily pay of an ensign). " The Elegant 
Extracts" (dissensions amongst the staff of the 85th were \circa 181 1] so frequent 
that the Duke of York dispersed the lot, substituting officers from other corps). 
"The Young Bucks" (in distinction to The 1 6th— "The Old Bucks"). 

Notes. — The ist 85th was the first Light Infantry Regiment in the service. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The ^yd, or Shropshire Regiment of Foot. 1755- 
T848. Illustrated. [London: Parker. 1849.] 

Historical Records of The '^yd {Shropshire) Regiment, now ist Batt. Ki?ig's 
{Shropshire) Light Infantry. 1755-1889. By Colonel W. Rogerson. [Devon- 
port : Swiss. 1890.] 



I76I. 


Belle Isle. 


1809. 


Burdelkund. 


1762. 


Portugal. 


*i8o9- 


-14. Peninsula(i&2). 


1776- 


-81. America. 


*i8o9. 


Talavera (i). 


1793- 


-95. Flanders. 


'•■'1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor (2). 


1793- 


Famars. 


1812. 


Badajos. 


1793- 


Nieuport (i). 


*l8l2. 


Salamanca (i). 


1793- 


Valenciennes. 


1812. 


Mahratta War. 


1794. 


Tournay (i). 


1814- 


-15. Nepaul. 


1794- 


Nimeguen. 


1814- 


-15. Kalunga. 


1795- 


Guildermalsen. 


-1813. 


Vittoria (i). 


1796. 


St. Lucia (i). 


*i8i3. 


Pyrenees (i). 


1797. 


St. Vincent. 


1813. 


St. Sebastian. 


1797. 


Port-au-Prince. 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 


1797. 


Trinidad. 


*i8i3. 


Nive (r). 


1799. 


Helder. 


*i8i3. 


Nivelle (r). 


1799. 


Bergen. 


1814. 


Bayonne. 


1799. 


Egmont-op-Zee. 


*i8i4. 


Toulouse (i). 


1809. 


Flushing. 


*i8i4. 


Bladensburg (2). 



178 



^be S>ukc of (rambri&ge's ®wn (flDibMesey IRcgiment), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 57th (\\'est Middlesex) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot; the 
3rd and 4th Batts. are authorised ; with jNIilitia Batts. 

5th Batt. The Royal Elthorne Militia. 

6th Batt. The Royal East Middlesex j\;ilitia. 





The Plume of the Prince of Wales. 



The Helmet Badge. 



TITLES. 



ist Batt. 

1741-4S. The 57th Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered The 46th. 

1755-57. The 57th Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered The SSth. 

1755-57. The 59th Regiment of Foot; 
renumbered The 57 th. 

1757-82. The 57th Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 57th (West Middlesex) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 881 (from). The Duke of Cambr 



2nd Batt. 

1756-63. The 77th (Montgomery High- 
landers) Regiment ; disbanded. 

1775-83. The 77th (AthoU Highlanders) 
Regiment ; disbanded. 

1787-1807. The 77th Regiment of Foot. 

1807-76. The 77th (East Middlesex) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1876-81. The 77th (East Middlesex) 
(Duke of Cambridge's Own) Regiment 
of Foot, 
idge's Own (Middlesex Regiment). 



179 



XTbe Dufte of Camttrtbge's ®wn (/IDibMeses TRcQimcnt)—^^^^^^^^. 



* " Honours " on the 

1758-60. Canada. 
1762. Havannah. 
1776-82. America. 
1776. Brooklyn. 
1781. York Town. 
1793-95- Flanders. 
1793. Nieuport. 

1793. Dunkirk. 

1794. Nimeguen. 
1790-1807. Hindoostan. 
1796. St. Lucia. 

^1799. Mysore (2). 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 

*i799. Seringapatam (2). 
*i8o9-i8i4. Peninsula 
(1&2). 

1809. Flushing. 
*i8ii. Albuera (2). 

181 1. El-Bodon. 
'■''1812. CiudadRodrigo(2). 
■■■'1812. Badajos (2). 
""■1813. Vittoria (i). 
■"1813. Pyrenees (i). 
'■■1813. Nivelle (i). 
"1813. Nive (i). 



1 814-15. Canada. 

1814. Bayonne. 

181 9. Asseerghur. 

1854. Balaclava. 
■1854. Alma (i). 
■"1854. Inkerman (i & 2). 
"1855. Sevastopol (i & 2). 

1858. Indian Mutiny. 
■1861-66. NevvZealand(i). 
"'1879. South Africa (i). 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet (or Red) with Green facings (1755-67); Scarlet with 
Yellow facings (1767-1881); Scarlet with White facings (from 1881). 2nd Batt., 
Scarlet with Yellow facings (from 1787 to territorialisation, when White facings 
were adopted). 

Regimextal and other Badges. — "The Plume of the Prince of Wales" (the 77th 
badge). Also " The Duke of Cambridge's Cypher and Coronet." Amongst other 
badges not specified in official lists are (i) " A Laurel Wreath, with Albuera" 
(an old 57th badge for gallantry at that battle) ; (2) " The County Arms." 

Nicknames. — " The Die-Hards," for stubborn valour at Albuera, by which the 57th 
practically insured victory ; at the finish the Colours were riddled by thirty bullets, 
and the survivors numbered one officer in twenty-four, and 168 men out of 584. 
Colonel Inglis rallied his men again and again by " Die hard, my men, die 
hard!" The 57th had previously been known as "The Steelbacks," from the 
frequency with which its men, largely recruited by militiamen from London, were 
flogged. " The Pothooks" (the 77th), from the two sevens in its number. 

Notes. — The 77th at El-Bodon was specially commended by Lord Wellington for 
" steadiness, discipline and confidence " when largely outnumbered. 

Bibliography. — Historical Records of The ^-jf/i {or West Middlesex Regiment). 
1755-1878. By General H. J. Warre, C.B. [London : Mitchell. 1878.] 

Some Reminiscences of the " Die-ffards" {<i']th West Middlesex). By Sergeant- 
Major E. Bezar. [Dunedin : Dick & Co. 1891.] 

A History of The ^"^th (West Middlesex Regiment) from 1 75 5-1 88 r. Including 
a record of the services of the " Die-Hards " in the American War of Indepen- 
dence, Flanders, the West Indies, the Peninsula, France, the Crimea, New Zealand, 
Zululand, etc. By Captain Henry H. Woolwright, Middlesex Regiment. With 
coloured plates and other illustrations and maps. Demy Svo. 406 pp. 



^bc mwQ's IKowl IRifl^ Corps, 

COMPRISING 

ISt to 4th BattS. (formerly) The 6oth (The Kmg's Royal Rifle Corps) ; with 

Militia Batts. 
5th Batt. The Himtingdon Militia. 
7th Batt. The 2nd Royal Middlesex Militia. 
8th Batt. The Carlow Militia. 
9th Batt. The North Cork Militia. 

" Cder et aiiifax.'' 





The White Horse. 



The Royal Cypher 
WITHIN Garter. 
With the Imperial Crown. 



TITLES. 



1741-48. The 6oth Regiment of Foot. 
1755-57. The 62nd (Royal American) 

Regiment of Foot ; renumbered. 
1757-1824. The 60th (Royal American) 

Regiment of Foot. 

1824. The 60th (Duke of York's Rifle 
Corps and Light Infantry). 



1824-30. The 6oth (The Duke of York's 
Own Rifle Corps). 

1830-81. The 6oth (The King's Royal 
Rifle Corps). 

1881 (from). The King's Royal Rifle 
Corps. 



ZbC IktnO'S IROgal IRifle QoV^S—<ron/mued. 





PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 




*" Honours,'^ 


' the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 


I7S7- 


60. Canada. 


■""1811. Fuentes d'Onor (5). 


i860. China. 


1758. 


Ticonderoga. 


•"■181 1. Albuera (5). 


■•■■i860. Taku Forts (2). 


1758. 


Louisbourg (2 & 3). 


"1812. CiudadRodrigo(5). 


■"i860. Pekin (2). 


1759- 


Quebec (2 & 3). 


■"1 81 2. Badajos (5). 


■^'1878-80. Afghanistan C2), 


1760. 


Sillery. 


■■48i2. Salamanca (5). 


■^^■1879. Ahmed Khel (2). 


1762. 


Martinique. 


■•■■1813. Vittoria (5). 


■■•1880. Kandahar (2). 


1762. 


Havannah. 


"1813. Pyrenees (5). 


■•■■1879-S1. South Africa (3), 


1796. 


Grenada. 


•"■1813. Nivelle (5). 


-■1882-84. Egypt (3). 


1799. 


Surinam. 


■■-1813. Nive (5). 


■*i882. Tel-el-Kebir (3). 


1808- 


-14. Peninsula (5).! 


••■"1814. Orthes (5). 


1884-85. Nile. 


1808. 


Roleia (5). 


"""1814. Toulouse (5). 


1884. ElTeb. 


1808. 


Vimiera (5). 


1 8 14. Bayonne. 


1884. Tamai. 


1809. 


Corunna. 


^■1848-49. Punjaub (i). 


1885. Abu Klea. 


1809. 


Douro. 


"1849. Mooltan (i). 


1890-92. Burma. 


1809. 


Martinique (3). 


■"'1849. Goojerat (i). 


*i895. Chitral. 


1809. 


Talavera (5). 


"■■■1850-53. South Africa (2). 


1900. South Africa. 


1810. 


Guadaloupe. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 




1810. 


Busaco (5). 


"■■•1857. Delhi (i). 





Uniform. — Scarlet, -with Blue facings (1755 to 1814); Green, with Scarlet facings 
(present time). 

Regimental and other Badges. — Among those appearing on the appointments but 
not in the Army List are " The Royal Cypher ■within the Garter, surmounted by a 
Crown,'' and " A Maltese Cross." Also formerly " The White Horse " (of 
Hanover). Motto, " Celer et Audax" ("Swift and Bold," bestowed, according 
to tradition, by General Wolfe in recognition of its conduct before Quebec) 

Notes. — This regiment, though possessing no " Colours," bears more honours than 
any other regiment, the Highland Light Infantry coming next with twenty-nine. 

Bibliography. — A Regimental Chronicle and List of Officers of The both, or The King's 
Royal Rifle Corps, formerly The 62nd, or The Royal America?! Regii?iejit of Toot. 
By Captain Nesbit Willoughby Wallace, 6oth Royal Rifles. [London : Harrison. 
1879-] 

" Celer et Audax,'' or The Services of The ^th Battalion, doth Regiment [Rifles). 
By Major-General Gibbes Rigaud, late Lieutenant-Colonel, 60th Rifles. 
[Oxford : Hall & Stacy. 1879.] 

t The 5th Battalion here mentioned is, of course, one of the former regular battalions, and not the 
present militia battalion. 



^be Dul^e of jebinburgb's (Miltsbire IReoiment), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 99th (Duke of Edinburgh's) Regiment of Foot; with 

Mihtia Batt. 
3rd Batt. The Royal Wiltshire Militia. 




The Duke of Edinburgh's Coronet and Cypiii;u. 



TITLES. 
ist Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1743-48. The 62nd Regiment of Foot; 1760-63. The 99th Regiment of Foot: 
disbanded. disbanded. 

1780-83. The 99th (Jamaica) Regiment 
1755-57. The 62nd (Royal American) of Foot : disbanded. 

Regiment of Foot : renumbered The 1794-98- The 99th Regiment of Foot: 

, ,, disbanded. 

60th. 

1804-11. The 9gth Regiment of Foot: 
renumbered The 98th (or Prince of 
Wales' Tipperary) Regiment of Foot : 
disbanded in 1818. 

1805-15. The looth Regiment of Foot: 
renumbered in 

1815-18. The 99th (H.R.H. The Prince 
Regent's County of Dublin) Regi- 
ment of Foot : disbanded. 

1824-74. The 99th (Lanarkshire) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1874-81. The 99th (The Duke of Edin- 
burgh's) Regiment of Foot. 



1756-57. The 62nd Regiment of Foot: 
renumbered The 77th. 

1 756-58. The 4th King's Own (2nd Batt.) : 
separately regimented as The 62nd 
Foot. 

1758-82. The 62nd Regiment of Foot. 

1782-1881. The 62nd (Wiltshire) Regi- 
ment of F'oot. 



1881 (from). The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment). 



iS^ 



TLbt 2)ul?e ot Ebinburgb's (Miltsbire IReQimcW—coniinu^t/. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

' Honour^ " on the Colou-s, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1743. Dettingen. 
1745. Fontenoy. 

1745. Jacobite rising. 

1746. CuUoden. 
175S. Carrickfergus. 
1776-80. America. 
1777. Stillwater. 
1793-8. San Domingo. 
1795. Demerara. 



1795. Essequebo. 
1795. Berbice. 
1809. Scylla. 
1813. Niagara. 
■"'1813-14. Peninsula (i). 



!i3. Nive (i). 
ii4. Bayonne. 



■"1845-47. New Zealand (2 ). 
■"■1845. Ferozeshah (i). 
'■1846. Sobraon (i). 
■"1855. Sevastopol (i). 

i860. China. 
■■■■i860. Pekin (2). 
■•■■1878-80. South Africa (2). 

1900. South Africa. 



iI4-I; 



America. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with Buff facings (ist Batt. from 1758-1881), and Scarlet with 
Yellow facings (2nd Batt. from 1824-1881). Now Scarlet with ^Vhite facings for 
both batts. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Duke of Edinburgh's Coronet and C)'pher " 
(this in combination with a Maltese Cross, adopted by the 62nd in 1806, and the 
Regulation Star and "Wreath). 

Nickname. — "The Springers" (tradition says that the 62nd was so called from its 
employment as a light battalion during the American War in 1777). 

Notes. — For its defence, in 1760, against the French, of the Castle of Carrickfergus it 
at one time wore a " splash '' on the buttons. After the ammunition was expended 
bricks and stones were thrown, and, so the story runs, their buttons were used as 
bullets. The 99th were raised in Lanarkshire — hence its former county title. 



Bibliography. — " T/ie Springcrsr 
Carson. 1891.] 



Tlie i>2nd Regiment. By H. :M. C. [Dublin : 



i84 



^be HDancbester IReoimeiU, 



COMPRISING 



ISt Batt. (formerl)') The 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot. 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 96th Regiment of Foot ; with Militia Batts. 
3rd & 4th Batts. The 6th Royal Lancashire Militia. 





The Arms of the City of 
Manchester. 



The Sphixx. 



TITLES 
ISt Batt. 

1744-48. The 63rd (American) Regiment 
of Foot : renumbered The 49th. 



1757-58. The 8th King's (2nd 
Regiment ; regimented in 



Batt.) 



1758-83. The 63rd Regiment of Foot. 

1782-81. The 63rd (West Suffolk) Reg 
ment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. 

1760-63. The 96th Regiment of Foot 
(raised for service in the Carnatic) : 
disbanded. 

1780-83. The 96th (British Musketeers) 
Regiment : disbanded. 

1793-98. The 96th (The Queen's Royal 
Irish) Regiment ; dispersed. 

1803-16. The 96th Regiment of Foot 
(raised as 2nd Batt. 52nd Foot : 
renumbered The 95th, and as such 
disbanded in 1818). 

1 81 5-18. The 96th (Queen's Own) Regi- 
ment of Foot (raised in 1798 as The 
Queen's Germans : numbered The 
97th in 1802 : renumbered, in 1815, 
the 96th: disbanded in 1818 — the 
Egyptian and Peninsular honours of 
this corps were assumed by the late 
96th). 

1824-81. The 96th Regiment of Foot. 
1881 (from). The Manchester Regiment. 



Zbc /IBancbester TRcQimcnt—'^'^^tinued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
' Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1759- 


Guadaloupe. 


1794- 


Guadaloupe. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


1775- 


-81. America. 


1796. 


Grenada. 


■•■'1 810. 


Guadaloupe (i). 


1775- 


Bunker's Hill. 


1796. 


St. Vincent. 


1814. 


Bergen-op-Zoom. 


1776. 


Long Island. 


1796. 


St. Lucia. 


1815. 


Guadaloupe. 


1776. 


Brooklyn. 


1799. 


Bergen. 


•-1845- 


-47. New Zealand(2), 


1777- 


Brandywine. 


*i799- 


Egmont-op-Zee (i). 


"1854. 


Alma (i). 


1777. 


Germantown. 


1799. 


Alkmaer. 


^^1854. 


Inkerman (i). 


1781. 


Entaw Springs. 


-1801. 


Egypt (2). 


■•■i855. 


Sevastopol (1). 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


'^1879- 


-80. Afghanistan (i) 


1794- 


Nimeguen. 


*i8o8- 


-II. Peninsula (2). 


■1882. 


Egypt (i & 2). 


1794- 


Martinique. 


*i8o9. 


Martinique (i). 


1900. 


South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with White facings (before territorialisation the facings of the ist 
and 2nd Batts. were Green and Yellow respectively). 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The Sphinx" for Egypt (1801) by descent 
from the 96th Regiment of 1798-1818. Also (since 1881) The Arms of the City 
of Manchester. 



Nickname. — " The Bloodsuckers " (of the 63rd). 

Bibliography. — T/ie History of the late byd ( West Suffolk) Regiment. By Major 
James Slack, late 63rd Regiment. [London : Army and Navy Co-operative 
Society. 1884. J 



i86 



^be prince of Males's (Bortb Stafforbsbire IRcGiment), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot; with Militia 

Batts. 
3rd Batt. The 2nd King's Own Stafford Mihtia. 
4th Batt. The 3rd King's Own Stafford Mililia. 





The Plumf, ov 

THE Prixce 

OF Wales. 




The Dragon of Chin.v. 



The .Staffordshire Knot. 



TITLES. 
ist Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1740-48. The 64th (Irish) Regiment of 1760-63. The 98th Regiment of Foot 



disbanded. 

1779-84. The 98th Regiment of Foot : 
disbanded. 

1793-1802. The 98th (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot : renumbered the 9Tst. 

1805-15. The 98th Regiment of Foot: 
renumbered and disbanded in r8i8. 

1805-18. The 99th (Prince of Wales's 
Tipperary) Regiment of Foot : re- 
numbered The 98th in 1815, and 
afterwards disbanded. 

1824-76. The 98th Regiment of Foot. 

1876-81. The 98th (The Prince of 
Wales's) Regiment of Foot. 
1881 (from). The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment). 



Foot : disbanded. 

1756-58. The nth (2nd Pjatt.) Regiment 
of Foot : regimented in 

1758-82. The 64th Regiment of Foot. 

1 782-1881. The 64th (2nd Staffordshire) 
Regiment of Foot. 



i87 



trbe prince of Males's (IRortb Stafforbsbire TRcQ\ment)—'^o?iti;med. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPiVIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
" Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1759. Guadaloupe. 

1761. Belle Isle. 

1762. Martinique. 
1762. Havannah. 
1776-81. America. 
1775. Lexington. 

1775. Bunker's Hill. 

1776. Brooklyn. 
r777. Brandywine. 



1780. Charlestown, 
1780-84. Carnatic. 

1781. Entaw Springs. 
1794. Guadaloupe. 
1794. Martinique. 

'T803. St. Lucia (i). 
1804. Surinam (i). 
■1842. China (2). 
■'1848-49. Punjaub (2). 



"1856-57. Persia (i). 
'•■'1856. Reshire (1). 
■"1856. Bushire (i). 
■■'1857. Koosh-ab (i). 

1857-58. Indian jMutiny. 

1857. Cawnpore. 
■T857. Lucknow (1). 
•1896. Hafir. 

1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with White facings (when raised the 64th had Black, and the 98th 
White facings respectively). 

Regimental and other Badges.^" The Prince of Wales's Plume " (in memory of 
the visit to Malta in 1875). " The Dragon," for " China" (1842). Also (since 
territorially organised) " The Staffordshire Knot." 

Bibliography. — Memoirs of the Services of The 64th Regiment (2nd Staffordshire). 
1758-1881. By H. G. Purdon, 64th Regiment. [Stafford : Halden. 1882.J 



t88 



^be ^ox\{ anb Xancaster IReaiment, 



COxMPRISING 



1st Batt. (formerly) The 65th (2ncl Yorkshire, North Riding) Regiment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. ( 

3rd Batt. The 3rd West York Mihtia. 



) The 84th (York and Lancaster) Regiment of Foot ; with 
Mihtia Batt. 





The Royal Tiger. 



The Union Rose. 



ist Batt. 



TITLES. 



2nd Batt. 



1756-58. The i2th (2nd Batt.) Regiment 1758-64- The 84th Regiment of Foot: 

disbanded. 



of Foot ; renumbered in 
1758-S2. The 65th Regiment of Foot, 



1775-78. The 84th Royal Highland 
Emigrants Corps : renamed 

1778-84. The 84th (Royal Highland 
Emigrants) Regiment of Foot : dis- 
banded. 

1793-1809. The 84th Regiment of Foot. 

1809-81. The 84th (York and Lancaster) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The York and Lancaster Regiment. 



1782-1881. The 65th (2nd Yorkshire 
North Riding) Regiment of Foot. 



i89 

Ube lorfj an5 Xaticastec TRcQimcnt—confimed. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
" Honours" on the Colourp, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



I7S9- 
1759- 
1760. 

1760. 
1760. 
1761. 
1761. 
1762. 
1775- 
1775- 
1782. 
1794- 
1794- 
1794- 



■62. India 

Guadaloupe. 

\\'yndewash. 

Arcot. 

Villanova. 

Martinique. 

Pondicherry. 

Havannah. 
-81. America. 

Bunker's Hill. 

Gibraltar. 
-95. Flanders. 

Martinique. 

Guadaloupe. 



1795- 


Cape of Good 


1817. 


Kirkee. 




Hope. 


"1821. 


Arabia (i). 


"1796- 


-1822. India (i). 


■"1821. 


Beni-Boo-AUy. 


1803. 


Gujerat. 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny 


1804. 


Malwa. 


1857. 


Cawnpore. 


1805. 


Bhurtpore. 


•^^1857. 


Lucknow (2). 


1807. 


Goa. 


•■■1861- 


-65. NewZealand(i) 


1809. 


Flushing. 


■1882- 


-84. Egypt (i & 2). 


1809. 


Arabia. 


1882. 


Kassassin. 


1810- 


-II. Mauritius. 


■1882. 


Tel-el-Kebir (2). 


•^48i3- 


-14. Peninsula (2). 


1884. 


El Teb. 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 


1884. 


Tamai. 


''1813. 


Nive (2). 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1814. 


Bayonne. 







Uniforms. — Scarlet and White facings (in the 65th from formation in 1758 ; the 84th 
had Yellow facings from 1793 to i83i). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Royal Tiger " with " India '' (for lengthy 
and distinguished services by the 65th). " The Union Rose " (from 1809). The 
65th was also entitled to " Arabia " under the regimental figure. 

Nickname.' — " The Tigers." 



Bibliography. — T/ie Roll of Officers of The Yo^k anl Lancaster Regiment. By Major 
G. A. Raikes, F.S.A. Demy 8vo. Vol. I.— The ist Battalion, late 65th Foot. 
Vol. II.— The 2nd Battalion, late 84th Foot. 



^be Durbant XiQbt 3nfantr^, 

COMPRISING 

ist Batt. (formerly) The 68th (Durham — Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The io6th (Bombay Light Infantry) Regiment ; with Militia 

Batts. 

3rd Batt. The ist Durham Militia. 

4th Batt. The 2nd Durham Militia. 




The United Red and White Rose. 



TITLES. 

1st Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1756-58. The 23rd (2nd Batt.) Royal 1826-58. The Hon. East India Co.'s 2nd 
Welsh Fusiliers : regimented in Bombay European Light Infantry. 

1758-82. The 68th Regiment of Foot. r-wrr 

■^ ^, .„, ,-r^ , \ T, ■ 1858-61. 1 he 2nd Bombay Light Infantry 

1782-1812. The 68th (Durham) Regi- Regmient. 

ment of Foot. 

1812-81. The 68th (Durham Light 1861-81. The io6th Bombay Light 
Infantry) Regiment. Infantry Regiment. 

1881 (from). The Durham Light Infantry. 



191 



Ubc IDurbain Xigbt ^ntm\tv'g—'-v"timed. 



PRJNCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

" Honours'' on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1758. 


Cherbourg. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1795- 


St. Lucia. 


1813. 


Adour. 


1796. 


St. Vincent. 


••■1813. 


Yittoria (i). 


1796. 


Grenada. 


^^1813. 


Pjrenees (i 


1803. 


St. Lucia. 


-1813. 


Nivelle (i). 


1809. 


Flushing. 


"1814. 


Orthes (i). 


1811- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


1814. 


Bordeaux. 


1812. 


Salamanca (i). 


^'1854. 


Alma (i). 



"1854. 


Inkerman (i). 


"1855. 


Sevastopol (i). 


-1856- 


-57. Persia (2). 


-^^■1856. 


Reshire (2). 


•1856. 


Bushire (2). 


-1857. 


Kooshab (2). 


■■-1864- 


-66. New Zealand (i). 


1900. 


South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet, with White facings (present time: the 68th wore Green facings 
from 1758 to 188- and the io6th Buff from 1839-42). 

Regimextal Badge. — " The United Red and White Rose.'' 

NiCKX.AME. — '' The Faithful iJurhams." 

Bibliography. — A Shorf Record of T/ii' Du?-haiii Lig/it Ijifaiitry,frojii r758 /y 1S94. 
Compiled by Lieutenant-Colonel ^V. Ciordon, Commanding ist Batt. [Devon- 
port : Swiss. 1894.] 



ig2 

^be Ibigblanb Xigbt Jnfantr^, 

COMPRISING 

ist Batt. (formerly) The 71st (Highland Light Infantry) Regiment. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 74th (Highlanders) Regiment; with Militia Batts. 

3rd & 4th Batts. The ist Royal Lanark Royal Militia. 





The Elephant. 



Special Device, as on Collar Badge. 



TITLES. 



1st Batt. 

1758-63. The 71st Regiment of Foot 
(raised as 2nd Batt. 32nd Foot, but 
separately regimented the same year : 
disbanded in 1763. 

1764-65. The 71st (Invalids) Regiment 
of Foot (previouslytheSist (Invalids); 
reduced to Independent Garrison 
Companies in 1769). 

1775-83. The 71st (Highland) Regiment 
of Foot : also Fraser's Highlanders 
(chiefly engaged in American Rebel- 
lion and afterwards disbanded). 

1777-86. The ist Batt. 73rd (Highland) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 7 86-1 808. The 71st (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1808-9. The 71st (Glasgow Highland) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1809-10. The 71st (Glasgow Highland 
Light Infantry) Regiment. 

1810-81. The 71st (Highland) Light 
Infantry. 



2nd Batt. 



1758-63. The 74th Regiment of Foot 
(raised as 2nd Batt. of 36th Foot in 
1756 ; separately regimented in 1758 ; 
disbanded in 1764). 

1763-65. The 74th (Invalids) Regiment 
of Foot; formerly the 117th Invalids ; 
dispersed as Independent Garrison 
Companies. 

1777-83. The 74th (Highland) Regiment 
of Foot : also The Argyll High- 
landers : disbanded in 1783. 

1787-1816. The 74th (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot : also " The Assaye 
Regiment" (1803). 

1816-45. The 74th Regiment of Foot. 

1845-81. The 74th (Highlanders) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 



1881 (from). The Highland Light Infantry. 



193 





PRIiNTCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 




* " Honours" on 


t'le Colours 


;, the figures showing the Battalion 


concerned. 


lySo- 


-83. Gibraltar. 


"1806. 


Cape of Good 


-1813. 


Vittoria (i & 2). 


1780- 


-97. Hindoostan (i). 




Hope (i). 


1813. 


Maya. 


1780. 


Carnatic (i). 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres. 


■1813. 


Pyrenees (i & 2). 


1780. 


Arcot. 


1807. 


Monte Video. 


■1813. 


Nive (i). 


1781. 


Porto-Novo. 


'^■"1808- 


-14. Peninsula (i & 


■'■I 814. 


Orthes (i & 2). 


"1781. 


Sholingur (i). 




2). 


'•■'1 8 14. 


Toulouse (2). 


1782. 


Arnee. 


■r8o8. 


Roleia (i). 


1815. 


Quatre Bras. 


1783- 


Mysore (i). 


•■■■1808. 


Vimiera (i). 


^^18x5. 


Waterloo (i). 


1783. 


Cuddalore. 


"1809. 


Corunna (i). 


18x5. 


Netherlands. 


1791. 


Bangalore. 


1809. 


Flushing. 


•■1851- 


-53. South Africa (2) 


1791. 


Nundy-Droog. 


••"1810. 


Busaco (2). 


1834- 


-56. Crimea. 


1791. 


Savendroog. 


•■■'1811. 


Fuentes d'Onor (i 


1854. 


Balaclava. 


1792. 


Seringa patam. 




& 2). 


j855- 


Kertch. 


1793- 


Pondicherry. 


1811. 


Arroyo dos Molinos. 


1855- 


Yenikale. 


1795- 


Ceylon. 


■■1812. 


Almaraj (i). 


•■■i855. 


Sevastopol (i). 


1799. 


Seringapatam (2). 


■•■'1812. 


Ciudad Rodrigo 


••■1858. 


Central India (r). 


1800. 


Polygar. 




(2)- 


1858. 


Indian Mutiny. 


1802. 


Ahmednuggar. 


^■1812. 


Badajos (2). 


■-1882. 


Egypt (2). 


1803. 


Argaum. 


"181 2. 


Salamanca (2). 


-■1882. 


Tel-el- Kebir (2). 


1803. 


Assaye (2). 


"1813. 


Nivelle (2). 


1900. 


South Africa. 



UNIFORM. — istBatt. , Scarlet, Buff facings, and the Mackenzie tartan, with chako instead nf feather 
bonnet (from 1777). 2nd Batt., Starlet and grass Green facings (from 1758 till 1881). 

Regime:<TAL B.\DGES. — That in the Army List is "The Elephant" with "Assaye"; but on the 
chako-plate and collar a special design is worn, combining "The Star of the Order of the Thistle " 
with " The Crown " as on the collar of the Order of the Star of India (for distinction gained by 
each battalion in India) ; a Horn on the Star with monogram H.L.I, surmounting a scroll with 
" Assaye " and " The Elephant" (without howdah or trappings) below. 

A^ICKNAME. — "The Pig and "Whistle Light Infantry." 

Notes. — The two veteran regiments now known as the ist and 2nd Flighland Light Infantry possess the 
longest "honour " record (twenty-nine in all) of any British regiment whatsoever, save the King's 
Royal Rifle Corps, which have thirty-two all told. The roll commences with " Carnatic," won by 
the 1st Batt. in the Hyder Ali campaign, seconded by the laurels of the 2nd Batt. at the Sie^e of 
Seringapatam, in which on several occasions it particularly distinguished itself. The same battalion 
contributed " Assaye" (with " The Elephant"). It is recorded that in this battle " Every otncer 
present, save one, was killed or wounded, and the battalion reduced to a mere wreck." " Assaye " 
is an honour shared only with The Seaforths and The 19th Hussars. For its services in India the 
Honourable East India Company presented it (1803) with a complimentary Colour. Henceforward 
honours fell thick and fast on both battalions — at the Cape, particularly so throughout the Peninsula 
campaign, in the Kaffir wars of 1851-53 (a large draft of its men went down in the ill-fated 
Birkenhead), at the Crimea, in the Indian Mutiny, and more latterly in the Egyptian campaigns of 
the eighties. 
iSlBLIOGRAPHY. — Historical Record of The Jlst Regiment Highland Light Lnfantry. 1777-1852. 
Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1852.] 

Historical Record of The Tist Regiment Hig^Land Light Lnfantry. 1777-1876. By Lieut. 
Henry J. T. Hildyard, 71st Highland Light Infantry. [London : Harrison. 1S76.] 

Historical Recordof The la/h LLighlanders. 1787-1850. Illustrated. [London : Parker. 1850.] 
Historical Records of The 'j^th Highlanders {wriu 2nd Battalion Highland Light Infantry). 
1787-1887. Illustrated. [Dumfries : Macveigh. 1887.] 

O 



194 



^be Seafortb Ibigblanbers (1Ro66*sbire Buffs, JLbe Bufte 
of aiban^'0 ®wit IReaiment of foot). 

(3 Batts.) 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders) Regiment of 

Foot. 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 78th (Highlanders — Ross-shire Bufifs) Regiment of Foot ; 

with Mihtia Battalion. 
3rd Batt. The Highland Rifle Militia. 






The Elephant wlth " Assaye." 



1st Batt. 



The Coronet and Cvpher. of 
The Duke of Albany. 



The Seaforth Crest. 



TITLE.S. 



2nd Batt. 



1756-63. The 2nd Highland Batt.: 
afterwards regimented as The 78th 
(Highland) Regiment of Foot; also 
Fraser's Highlanders ; disbanded 
1763. (5f<? Titles, 2nd Batt.) 

1778-86. The Seaforth (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot ; after establishment 
regimented as The 78th (Highland) 
Regiment of Foot. (Sir 2nd Batt.) 

1786-1823. The 72nd (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot. (At the peace of 1 783 
many regiments were disbanded.) 
There had previously been three 
72nds — (a) The 72nd Foot (1756- 
63); (/;) The 72nd (Invalids) Foot 
(1764-65) ; and (c) The 72nd (Royal 
Manchester Volunteers) Regiment of 
Foot (1777-84). 

1S23-1881. The 72nd (Duke of Albany's 
Own Highlanders) Regiment of Foot. 



1756-63. The 2nd Highland Batt. : after- 
wards regimented as The 78th 
(Highland) Regiment of Foot ; also. 
Fraser's Highlanders ; disbanded. 



1793-18 — • The 78th (Highlanders) Regi- 
ment of Foot ; also Ross-shire Buffs ; 
between 1777-86 The 78th was 
represented in the ist Batt. by the 
Seaforth Highlanders. 



1 88 1 (from). The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's).. 



I9S 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

' Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1758. 


Louisbourg. 


■'•'1803. Assaye (2). 


''1857- 


Lucknow (2). 


1758- 


Montmorenci. 


1803. Argaum. 


■■■1858. 


Central India (i). 


1759- 


Quebec. 


•■■■1806. Maida (2). 


■^^■1878. 


Peiwar Kotal (i). 


1780- 


-97. Hindoostan (i). 


"1806. Cape of Good 


■■■1879. 


Charasiah (i). 


1780. 


Carnatic (i). 


Hope (i). 


-^^•1878- 


-80. Afghanistan 


1782. 


Arnee. 


1807. Egypt. 


(i; 


& 2). 


1783. 


Mysore (i). 


1807. Rosetta. 


^4879. 


Kabul (i). 


1783- 


Cuddalore. 


■'181 1. Java (2). 


■•■1880. 


Kandahar (i). 


1791. 


Bangalore. 


1814-15. Netherlands. 


■-1882. 


Egypt (i). 


1791. 


Savendroog. 


1 8 14. Antwerp. 


1882. 


Kassassin. 


1792. 


Seringapatam. 


■■1835. South Africa (i). 


^^1882. 


Tel-el-Kebir (i). 


1793- 


Pondicheny. 


1854. Kertch. 


--1895. 


Chitral. 


1794- 


-95. Flanders. 


■""1855. Sevastopol (i). 


■"1898. 


Atbara. 


1794. 


Nimeguen. 


■■■1856-57. Persia (2). 


"1899. 


Khartoum. 


1795- 


Giiildermalsen. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1795- 


Quiberon. 


■-1857. Koosh-ab (2). 






1803. 


Ahmednuggar. 


1857. Cawnpore. 







Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with Buff facings, and the "Mackenzie" tartan (from 1778, but in 
1823 the tartan was changed to " Stuart," as directed by the Commander-in-Chief, Duke of York 
and Albany; subsequently the "Mackenzie" tartan was revived). The hackle is white. 
2nd Batt., Scarlet with Buff facings and the "Mackenzie" tartan; from date of "linking" the 
facings have matched those of the Ist Batt. 

Regimental Badges, Mottoes, &c. — The Coronet and Cypher of the late Duke of York (who was 
also Duke of Albany) ; also, subsequently, the Cypher of the late Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany ; 
also a Stag's Head (the cognisance of the Earls of Seaforth) ; also an Elephant (without howdah 
and trappings) with "Assaye " on scroll underneath ; also a Thistle bearing the Star of the Order 
of the Thistle, with circle superimposed, within which is the Cypher (F) of the late Duke of York, 
surmounted by the Ducal Coronet. Mottoes. — (i) CuidicKn Righ (Help, to the King) : this, with 
the Stag's Head, appertains to the Mackenzies, and, according to tradition, was bestowed through 
the founder of the clan having saved the life of King Alexander II. of Scotland when attacked by 
a wounded stag. Borne by the Ross-shire Buffs from the first : ofScially recognised in 1825. 
(2) Caber Feidh (The Antlers of the Deer), the Seaforth slogan ; and (3) Tulloch ard (The High 
Hill), the old gathering-ground of the Mackenzies on Loch Duich in Ross-shire. 

Nicknames. — (i) "The Regiment of the Macraes" (from the large proportion of men of this name in 
the 72nd when raised) ; also (2) " The Wild Macraes " (when in Edinburgh their doings seriously 
frightened the inhabitants ; (3) "The King's Men" (from the ancient motto of the 78th, "Help, 
to the King "). 

XOTES, &c. — Both Batts. are successors of the old 78th (Highland) Regiment of Foot — 
Eraser's Highlanders — which saw much service under General Wolfe ; disbanded in 1763. The 
second 78th was raised in 177S by Kenneth Mackenzie, Earl of Seaforth, was renumbered as the 
72nd in 1786, and is the direct ancestor of the present 1st Seaforth Highlanders. Seven years later 
the present 2nd Seaforth Highlanders were raised as The 78th (Highland) Regiment of Foot, being 
also known, shortly afterwards, as the Ross-shire Buffs. The combined battle-roll of honour is 
much the same as that of the Black Watch and the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 
"Assaye" (in 1803) was specially recognised by the Honourable East India Company presenting 
honorary colours to the late 78th (2nd Batt.). Haifa century later, during the Mutiny, it rendered 
unparalleled service under Havelock, Outram, and Clive, adding " Lucknow " to the Colours, 
while its achievements in "Central India," "Afghanistan," " Kabul," "Kandahar," "Egypt," 
and " Tel-el-Kebir " are well within living memory. 

Bibliography. — Historical Records of The 'J2nd Regiment, or Duke of Albany s Own Highla^iders . 
1778-1848. [London : Parker. 1848.] 

Historical Records of The T2nd flighlandcrs, now 1st Batt. Seaforth Highlanders. 1777-1886. 
[Edinburgh: Blackwood. 1886.] 

O 2 



196 



tTbe (Borbon Ibigblanbers. 

(3 Batts.) 
1st Batt. (formerly) The 75th (Stirlingshire) Regiment of Foot. 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The92nd(GordonHighlanders)Regimentof Foot; with 
3rd Batt. The Royal Aberdeenshire Militia. 




The Tiger. 



Special Device on Waist- 
Plate AND Buttons. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 



1st Batt. 

1758-63. The 75th Regiment of Foot; 
raised in 1756 as 2nd Batt. 37th 
Foot, separately regimented as 75th 
in 1758, and disbanded in 1765. 

1764-65. The 75th (Invalids) Regiment 
of Foot: formerly (1760) the ri8th 
Invalids ; dispersed for garrison 
service. 

1778-83. The 75th (Prince of Wales's) 
Regiment of Foot ; disbanded at the 
close of the American War. 

1787-1809. The 75th (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot ; also " Abercrombie's 
Highlanders." 

1809-62. The 75th Regiment of Foot. 

1862-81. The 75th (Stirlingshire) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The 



2nd Batt. 



1 794-98. The 1 00th (Gordon Highlanders) 
Regiment of Foot. 

1 798-1861. The 92nd (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot; there had previously 
been three other regiments bearing 
this number, but none incorporated 
for more than four years. 

i86r-8i. The 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) 
Regiment of Foot. 



Gordon Highlanders. 



197 



XTbe (Sorbon Mghlaniia-s—Mntimie^. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATT 

* "Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the 



LES, &C. 
Battalion concerned. 



1 761. Belle Isle. 

1762. Portugal. 
1778-83. America. 

■•'1791-1806. India (i). 

1792. Seringapatam. 

1795-97. Malabar and 
Goa. 
'■■1799. Mysore (i). 

1799. Sedaseer. 
"1799. Seringapatam (i). 

1799. Helder. 

1799. Crabbendam. 

1799. Bergen. 
■'1799. Egmont-op-Zee(2). 

1799. Quiberon. 

1800. Ferrol. 
■1801. Mandora (2). 
■■'1801. Egypt (2). 

1 801. Alexandria. 
1803. Gujerat. 



1804. Malwa. 1857- 

1805. Bhurtpore. "1857. 
1807. Copenhagen. 1857. 
1808-14. Peninsula (2). 1857. 

■"'1809. Corunna (2). 1857. 

1809. Flushing. ■■"1858, 

■"■1811. Fuentes d'Onor(2). ■■■■i878- 

181 1. Arroyo dos Moll- "1879. 

nos. "1879. 

'■■■1812. Almaraj (2). ""■1880. 

'■■1813. Vittoria (2). 1881. 

1813. Maya. '■■"1882- 
"1813. Pyrenees (2). "1882. 
"1813. Nive (2). -•■1884- 

1814. Gave. 1884. 
•■'1814. Orthes (2). 1884. 

1815. Quatre Bras. "1895. 
"■■1815. Waterloo (2). ■""1897- 

181 5. Netherlands. 1900. 
"1835. South Africa (i). 



-58. Indian Mutiny. 

Delhi (i). 

Bulundshuhur. 

Agra. 

Cawnpore. 

Lucknow (i). 
-80. Afghanistan (2). 

Charasiah (2). 

Kabool (2). 

Kandahar (2), 

Transvaal. 
-84. Egypt (i). 

Tel-el-Kebir (i). 
-85. Nile (i). 

El Teb. 

Tamai. 

Chitral. 
-98. Tirah. 

South Africa. 



UNIFOR.M. — Red, with deep Yellow facings, and the Gordon tartan bearing a yellow distinguishing 
stripe (the Marquis of Huntly, who raised the late 92nd, 2nd Batt., became the fifth Duke of 
Gordon). The hackle is white. 

Regimental Badges, &c. — "The Sphinx" (for Egypt), and "The Royal Tiger" (for India). In 
the device on buttons and waist-plate these are shown in the upper and lower divisions of the 
St. Andrew Cross, with "Egypt" and "India" underneath, respectively; also within a scroll, 
inscribed "Gordon Highlanders," on the centre of the cross, and resting on a thistle wreath, is 
worn the crest (a stag's head issuing from the ducal coronet) of the Marquis of Huntly. 

Nickname. — " The Gay Gordons." 

XOTES, &C. — Both regiments were raised in Scotland, the 75th specially for service in India at the 
instance and cost of the late Honourable East India Company, receiving on its return " The 
Royal Tiger " in recognition of nineteen years of eventful and arduous service. Fifty years later it 
again fought in India through the Mutiny. During this period the 2nd Batt., as the late 92nd, 
was distinguishing itself in Holland, in Egypt (with special distinction at Mandora), and 
particularly in the Peninsula Campaigns of 1809-14, no less that seven "honours" falling to its 
share. Fresh laurels were won at Quatre Bras in company with the Black Watch and the Royal 
Scots. Of its later exploits only the barest mention can be made — of its services in the Indian 
Mutiny, in Afghanistan (1878-80), including Kabul and the march to Kandahar and the rest — the 
emblazonments on the "Colours " tell a sufficiently emphatic story. 

BiBLlOGRAPHV. — Historical Record of the (jT-iid Re^inent {Gordon Highlanders). 1 794-1850. Illus- 
trated. [London : Parker. 1851.] 



198 



^l)e (Slueen'0 ®wn Cameron 1biablant)ers, 



COMPRISING 



ISt Batt. (formerly) The 79th (Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Reghnent. 
2nd Batt. Authorised ; with Militia Battalion. 
3rd Batt. The Highland Light Infantry Militia. 





The Thisti.f. and Crown. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 
1759-64. The 79th Regiment of Foot. 

1778-84. The 79th (Royal Li\?rpool Volunteers) Regiment of Foot ^ also The 
Liverpool Blues ; disbanded. 

1 7 93-1 804. The 7gth (Highland — Came^onian Volunteers) Regiment. 

1804-73. The 79th (Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot. 

1873-81. The 79th (Queen's Own Cameron Higi.'anders) Regiment. 

1 88 1 (from). The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. 



199 



Ube djueen ®wn Cameron 1biQb\ani)CV5—eon/imied. 

PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
" " Honours " on the Colours. 



1762. Manilla. 


1812. 


Burgos. 


1783. Carnatic. 


■•-1813. 


Pyrenees. 


1794-95. Flanders. 


*i8i3. 


Nivelle. 


1794. Nimeguen. 


■1813. 


Nive. 


1799. Egmont-op-Zee. 


•■'1814. 


Toulouse. 


1800. Quiberon. 


1815. 


Quatre Bras. 


1800. Ferrol. 


'■■1815. 


Waterloo. 


1800. Vigo. 


1815. 


Netherlands. 


1800. Cadiz. 


-1854. 


Alma. 


1 80 1. Mandora. 


1854. 


Balaclava. 


1 80 1. Egypt. 


'^1855. 


Sevastopol. 


1801. Alexandria. 


1858. 


Indian Mutiny 


1807. Copenhagen. 


■1858. 


Lucknow. 


1808-14. Peninsula. 


1874 


Ashantee. 


1809. Corunna. 


••■•1882. 


Egypt. 


1809. Flushing. 


•■■1882. 


Tel-el-Kebir. 


1810. Cadiz. 


■^^•1884- 


-85. Nile. 


1810. Busaco. 


•■■■i8g8. 


Atbara. 


'1811. Fuentes d'Onor. 


■^^1899. 


Khartoum. 


'18 1 2. Salamanca. 







Uniform. — Scarlet with Green facings (1793-1873) ; Scarlet with Blue facings (from 

1873)- 
REGIMENT-4L AND OTHER BADGES. — "The Thistle ensigncd with the Imperial 

Crown" (with the change of title in 1873). "The Sphinx" for "Egypt," 

(1801). 

Notes. — This is the sole Territorial Regiment having one line battalion only. 

ElBLiOGRAPHY. — Historical Records of the 'j'^th Queeiis Own Cameron Highlandeis. 
By Captain Mackenzie, Lieutenant Ewart, and Lieutenant Findlay. [Devonport : 
Swiss. 1887.] 

Some Account of the Part Taken by the "jgth Regiment, or Cameron Highlanders, 
in the Indian Mutiny, 1858. By Captain D. Dunberley. [Inverness, 1891.] 



ZTbe IRoi^al Jvisb IRlfles, 

COMPRISING 

ISt Batt. (formerly) The 83rd (County Dublin) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot; with 

Militia Battalions. 

3rd Batt. The Royal North Down Militia. 

4th Batt. The Royal Antrim Militia. 

Sth Batt. The Royal South Down Militia. 

6th Batt. The Royal Louth Militia. 





The Harp and Crown. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 



ISt Batt. 



1758-63. The 83rd Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

1778-83. The 83rd (Royal Glasgow 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot ; dis- 
banded. 

1793-1859. The 83rd Regiment of Foot. 

1859-81. The 83rd (County of Dublin) 
Regiment of Foot. 



2nd Batt. 



1759-63. The 86th Regiment of Foot; 
formerly 2nd Batt. 76th Foot; dis- 
banded. 

1779-83. The 86th Regiment of Foot;, 
disbanded. 

1 793-1806. The 86th (The Shropshire 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot. 

1806-12. The 86th (The Leinster) Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

181 2-81. The 86th (Royal County Down) 
Regiment of Foot. 



1 88 1 (from). The Royal Irish Rifles. 



Ube IRopal Jrisb 1RlUc5—confinucd. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours," the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1795- 


Jamaica. 


•^^■1810. 


Busaco (i). 




1817-19. Kand}'. 


1797- 


-8. San Domingo. 


■""181 1. 


Fuentes d'Onoi 


(i). 


1838-39. Canada. 


1799- 


-1819. India (2). 


1811. 


EI Bodon. 




"1842-59. Central India 


1801. 


Egypt (2). 


■^^■1812. 


CiudadRodrigo 


(I). 


(I & 2). 


1805. 


Bhurtpore. 


^^1812. 


Badajos (i). 




1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


1806. 


Cape of Good 


•-1812. 


Salamanca (1). 




1858. Jhansi. 




Hope (i). 


"1813. 


Vittoria (i). 




1858. Golowlee. 


1809- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


^4813. 


Nivelle (i). 




1858. Calpe. 


1809. 


Talavera (i). 


"1814. 


Orthes (i). 




1858. Gwalior. 


1810. 


Bourbon (2). 


^^1814. 


Toulouse (i). 




1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet witli Yellow facings (1793-1881). 2nd Batt., Scarlet 
with Yellow facings (1793-1812); Scarlet with Blue facings (1812-1881). 
ist and 2nd Batts., Green with Dark Green facings (at present time). 

Regi:mextal and other Badges. — " The Harp and Crown," with Motto, '' Quis 
separabit:' Also "The Sphinx" for "Egypt" (i8ot), won by the 86th. The 
" Honours " formerly on the " Colours " have, since the conversion of the regi- 
ments into a Rifle Corps, been placed on the special pattern helmet-plate. 

Nicknames. — "Fitch's Grenadiers" (of the 83rd when raised in 1793, on account of 
smallness of stature). "The Irish Giants" (in India, 1842, of the 86th). 

Notes. — The 86th captured several standards at Jhansi (1858). 

BiBLiOGRAPHV. — Historical Record of The &6t/t, or Royal County Doivn Regiment. 
1793-1842. [London : Parker. 1842.] 

Memoirs and Services of the &p-d Regiment. [Bray. 1863.] 



princess Victoria's (IRo^al 3ri6b jfusiliers), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 87th (Royal Irish Fusihers) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot ; with Militia 

Battalions. 
3rd Batt. The Armagh Militia. 
4th Batt. The Cavan Militia. 
5th Batt. The Monaghan MiUtia, 




The Plume of the Prince 
OK Wales. 






The Princess Victoria's 
Cypher and Coronet. 



The Harp and 
Crown. 



The Sphinx. 




TITLES. 



1st Batt. 

1759-63. The 87th (Highland Volunteers) 
j^ Regiment of Foot; also "Keith's 

Highlanders " ; disbanded. 
1779-83. The 87th Regiment of Foot; 

disbanded. 
1793-1811. The 87th (The Prince of 

- ;. Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot. 

1811-27. The 87th (The Prince of Wales's 

Own Irish) Regiment of Foot. 
1827-81. The 87th (The Royal Irish 

Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot (for a 

short period The Prince of Wales's 

Own Irish Fusiliers). 



2nd Batt. 

1759-65. The 89th (Gordon Highlanders) 
Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1779-83. The 89th Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

1793-1866. The 89th Regiment of Foot. 

1866-81. The 89th (The Princess 
Victoria's) Regiment of Foot. 



?i (from). The Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers). 



Iprincess Dictoria's (IRosal Jrisb f\\5ilicvs)—ecmfi;iued. 



PRINCIPAL CAINIPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
* " Honours " on the Colours, the fisjures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1760. 


Zierenberg. 


1801. 


Alexandria. 


1814- 


-15. Netherlands. 


1760. 


Warbourg. 


1806. 


Buenos Ayres. 


^48i4. 


Orthes (i). 


1760. 


Campen. 


•■•1807. 


Monte Video (i). 


■'■■1814. 


Toulouse (i). 


I76I. 


Fellinghausen. 


""'1809- 


-14. Peninsula (i). 


1814. 


Bergen-op-Zoom . 


I76I. 


Johannisberg. 


"1809. 


Talavera (i). 


1815- 


-16. Nepaul. 


1762. 


Wilhelmstahl. 


1810. 


Mauritius. 


••^•1824- 


-26. Ava (2). 


1764. 


Buxar. 


■"1811. 


Barrossa (i). 


"1855. 


Sevastopol (2). 


1780. 


St. Lucia. 


•■1811. 


Tarifa (i). 


1857- 


-58. Indian Mutiny 


1780. 


Antigua. 


■■•"1811. 


Java (2). 


1860. 


China. 


1793- 


Alost. 


"1813. 


Yittoria (i). 


-1882. 


Egypt (i). 


1794- 


-5. Flanders. 


1813. 


Bidassoa. 


"1882. 


Tel-el-Kebir (i). 


1794- 


Boxtel. 


''1813. 


Nivelle (i). 


-^^■1884. 


Egypt (2). 


1794- 


Nimeguen. 


1813- 


-14. Canada. 


1884. 


El Teb. 


1795- 


Tuyl. 


1813. 


Chrystler's Farm. 


1884. 


Tamai. 


1800. 


Malta. 


''1813. 


Niagara (2). 


1900. 


South Africa. 


1801. 


Egypt (2). 











Uniform. — ist Batt., Scarlet with Green facings (1793-1823, when the facings were changed to Blue) ; 
2nd Batt., Scarlet with Black facings (1793 to 1881, when the latter gave place to the present Blue 
facings). 

Regimental and other Badges. — "The Princess Victoria's Coronet" (received with its title in 
1866, when Her Majesty exchanged the colours presented by her in 1833, as Princess Victoria, for 
new ones). "The Sphinx" for "Egypt" (1801). "An Eagle wiih a Wreath of Laurel " in 
addition to "The Plume of the Prince of Wales" (for distinction at Barrossa in 1811, where it 
captured the Eagle [the first taken in the Peninsular War] of the 8th French Light Infantry — 
(/. the figure " 8 " below the Eagle — whence also its title " The Prince of Wales's Own Irish." 
'' The Harp and Crown " (the badge of the 87th, when raised in 1793). 

Nicknames, &c. — "The Old Togs," or " The Faugh-a-Ballagh Boys" (from the war cry ol the S7th 
at Barrossa — " Fag an Bealac " = " Clear the Way "). " The Eagle Takers " (also a sobriquet 
of the 87th — see above). "Blayney's Bloodhounds" (for skill in tracing rebels in the Irish 
Rebellion of 1798). "The RoUickers." 

Notes. — The Royal Fusiliers wear two collar badges, a distinction shared only with the Seaforth 
Highlanders. 

Bibliography. — Historical Record of The %<)th, or Royal Irish Fusiliers. 1793-1853. [London : 
Parker. 1842.] 

Historical Record of The %')th Princess Victoria's Regiment. By Captain R. Brinckman, 2nd 
Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. Illustrated. [Gale and Polden. 1888.] 



204 



^be Connaugbt IRansers, 



COMPRISING 

ISt Batt. (formerly) The 88th (Coiinaught Rangers) Regiment of Foot. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 94th Regiment of Foot ; with Mihtia Battalions. 

3rd Batt. I'he South and North Mayo Militia. 

4th Batt. The Galway Militia. 

5th Batt. The Roscommon Militia. 






Thk Elephant (Cavarisoned). The Harp and Crowx. 



The Sphinx. 



TITLES. 
ISt Batt. 2nd Batt. 

1760-63. The 88th (Royal Highland 1760-63. The 94th (Royal Welsh Volun- 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot; dis- tears) Regiment of Foot; disbanded, 

banded. 1779-83. The 94th Regiment of Foot ; 

disbanded. 
1779-83. The 88th Regiment of Foot; 1794-95. The 94th (Irish) Regiment of 
disbanded. Foot ; disbanded. 

1803-1818. The 94th (Scots Brigade) 
1793-1881. The 88th (Connaught Rangers) Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

Regiment. 1823-81. The 94th Regiment of Foot. 

1881 (from). The Connaught Rangers. 



Ube Connaugbt TRawQevs—con/i/nu-d. 



" " Honours " on I 

1760-63. Germany. 

1760. Warbourg. 

1760. Campen. 

1762. Wilhelmstahl. 

1794-95. Flanders. 

1794. Nimeguen. 

1793. Alost. 

1796. Grenada. 

1796. St. Lucia. 

1799. Bergen. 
'•"1799. Seringapatam (2) 
'•'1801. Egypt (i). 

1803. Argaum. 

1806. Buenos Ayres. 



PAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 


le Colours, the figures showing the B; 


attalion concerned. 


1807. Monte Video. 


1813. Pyrenees. 


■•■■1809-14. Peninsula(i&2). 


"'■1814. Orthes (i & 2). 


■"1809. Talavera (i). 


■■'1814. Toulouse (i & 2), 


1810. jMatagorda. 


1 814. Plattsburg. 


■*i8io. Busaco (i). 


■■■■1854. Alma (i). 


1811. Sabugal. 


■•■"1S54. Inkerman (i). 


■"1811. Fuentesd'Onor (i). 


■■■■1855. Sevastopol (i). 


■"'181 2. Ciudad Rodrigo 


1857-58. Indian Mutinj- 


(i & 2). 


■■■■1858. Central India (i). 


*i8i2. Badajos (i & 2). 


■••'1877-79. South Africa 


'•'1812. Salamanca (i & 2). 


(1&2). 


181 2. Burgos. 


J 880-8 1. Transvaal. 


•'1813. Vittoria(i & 2). 


1900. South Africa. 


■■■'1813. Nivelle (i & 2). 





Uniform. — ist Batt, in 1793, Scarlet -with Yello-w facings; now (1900) Scarlet and 
Deep Green. 2nd Batt., in 1823, Scarlet -with Buff facings; at present the same 
as ist Batt. 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Harp and Crown," with the Motto, " Quis 
separabit" (the badge of the 88th from formation). '• The Sphinx " for " Egypt " 
(1801 ; also an 88th distinction). "The Elephant" (without the howdah, but 
caparisoned : this with " Seringapatam " on the honours has descended to the 
Connaughts through its 2nd Batt. from the 94th of 1803-18 18. See Xotes). 

Nicknames.— "The Devil's Own" (88th), "The Gawies " (94th). 

Notes. — The 94th of 1803-18 was a Scots Brigade in the service of Holland from 
1586-1793, save one interregnum of three years from 1688-91. In 1804 it was 
taken into the English service, earning much distinction in India and in the 
Peninsular campaigns, the "honours" of which were revived in the 94th of 1823. 



Bibliography. — Historical Record of The iZth, or Connaught Rangers. 
[London: Clowes. 1838.] 



1793-1837- 



2o6 



Zbc princess Xouiae'a (Hro^II S. SutberlanD Ibiablanbers). 

(4 Batts.) 
1st Batt. (formerly) The 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders). 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 93rd (Sudierland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot ; with 



3rd Batt. 
4th Batt. 



MiHtia Battalions. 
The Highland Borderers Mihtia. 
The Royal Renfrew (Prince of Wales's) Militia. 





The Princess Louise's Cypher and Coronet. 



A Cat : The Bo.vr's Head. 



TITLES 
ist Batt. 

1794-96. The 98th (Argyllshire High- 
landers) Regiment of Foot ; re- 
numbered. 

1 796-1809. The 91st (Argyllshire High- 
landers) Regiment of Foot. Three 
other corps had previously borne this 
number ; neither had been retained 
longer than four years. 

1809-21. The 91st Regiment of Foot ; its 
distinctive title was probably dropped 
for the same reason that the High- 
land dress was for a time discarded, 
because of its supposed impediment 
to recruiting. 

1821-64. The 91st (Argyllshire) Regiment 
of Foot. 

1864-72. The 91st (Argyllshire) High- 
landers. 

1872-1881. The 91st (Princess Louise's 
Argyllshire) Highlanders. 

1 88 1 (from). The Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders). 



2nd Batt. 

1760-96. The 93rd Regiment of Foot; 
during this period three 93rds were 
raised and disbanded — 1760-63 ; 
1779-83 (American War) ; and 
1793-96 (served in Demerara, Esse- 
quibo, and Berbice, and then was 
drafted into the 39th). 

1800-61. The 93rd Highlanders. 

1 86 1-8 1. The 93rd (Sutherland High- 
landers). 



207 



TLbc princess Xouise's (Hrgsll d Sutberlanb Digblanbers)— ^^^a^?/--^. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

■ Honours " on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1779- 


-83. America. 




''1813. 


Nivelle (i). 


1796. 


Guiana. 




1813. 


Bidassoa. 


1806. 


Cape of Good 


■"1813. 


Nive (i). 




Hope (2). 




■"■1814. 


Orthes (i). 


1808- 


-14. Peninsula 


(D- 


'■■I 81 4. 


Toulouse (i). 


1808. 


Roleia (i). 




1814. 


Bayonne. 


1808. 


Vimiera (i). 




1814- 


-15. Netherlands. 


1809. 


Corunna (i). 




18T4. 


Bergen-op-Zoom. 


1809. 


Flushing. 




1814. 


Antwerp. 


1809. 


Talavera. 




1815. 


New Orleans. 


1813. 


Pyrenees (i). 




1838. 
'•■1846- 


Canada. 
-47. South Africa ( I ). 



■■■1851-53. South Africa (i). 
■"'1854. Alma (2). 
"■'■1854. Balaclava (2). 

1855. Kertch. 

1855. Yenikale. 
■■■'r855. Sevastopol (2). 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny, 
'"■1857. Lucknow (2). 

1858. Rohilcund. 
■■■1879. South Africa (i). 

1900. South iVfrica. 



Uniform, &c. — Scarlet, with bright Yellow facings, and the Sutherland tartan. 

Regimental Badges, cfec. — " The Princess Louise's Cypher and Coronet," " The Boar's Head '' (the 
Campbell crest), and " A'e obliviscaj-is.'' Also "A Cat" and " Sans f cur" (the Sutherland 
cognisance). 

Nickname. — " The Rory's.'' 

Notes. — The old 91st was raised at Stirling by the Duke of Argyll : hence its title, crest, and motto.. 
The Cape was the scene of its first campaign, since which it, with its companion battalion, has seen 
much service — a forty-one years' combined record — in South Africa. Its " honours " were, how- 
ever, chiefly won in the Peninsular campaigns at the beginning of the century. The 2nd Batt. was 
also raised in Scotland from the Sutherland Fencible Highlanders, and has had a most distinguished 
career from then till now. Little need to dwell on its prowess. 'Who amongst us does not 
remember, or who has not read of that "thin red line " drawn up by Colin Campbell to resist the 
onslaught of the Russian Horse at Balaclava ; how the 93rd stood their ground, successfully stem- 
ming and finally repulsing that memorable charge ; how it alone of all regiments of foot enjoys the 
proud distinction of " Balaclava " on its "colours '' ? And surely there is still less need to tell how 
a few months later, in the Mutiny, and especially at Lucknow, this famous corps added new and 
undying laurels to its regimental record — a record which is in the memory or ken of all. 

Bibliography. — Historical Records of The ^ist Argyllshire Highlanders [noiv the 1st Battalion Argyll 

and Sutherland Highlanders). From the formation of the Regiment in 1794 to 18S1. By G. L. 

Goff, 91st Highlanders. With full-page coloured and other illustrations. [London : Bentley. i?9i.] 

Historical Record of The <)'ird Sutherland Highlanders, now 2nd Battalion Princess Louise's 

Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. By Roderick H. Burgoyne. [London : Bentley. 1883.] 

History of the 1st Battalion Princess Louise's Argyll ajid Sutherland Highlanders. By Lieut. - 
Colonel H. G. Robley and P. J. Aubin. [Cape Town : Murray and S. Zeyer. 1883.] 



208 



Zbc prince of Malee's Xeinster IRegiment (IRo^al 

(Canabians), 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The looth (Prince of '\^'ales's Royal Canadian) Regiment. 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 109th (Bombay Infantry) Regiment ; with Militia 

Battalions. 
3rd Batt. The King's County Militia. 
4th Batt. The Queen's County Militia. 
5th Batt. The Meath Militia. 






The Plume of the Prince of Wales. 



TITI 
1st Batt. 

1761-63. The 1 00th (Highland) Regi- 
ment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1780-84. .The looth Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

i794-i8[?]. The looth (Gordon High- 
landers) Regiment of Foot ; the late 
92nd, now 2nd Gordon Highlanders. 

1S05-19. The 1 00th (Prince Regent's 
County of Dublin) Regiment of Foot ; 
disbanded as the 99th. 

1816-18. The looth (Duke of York's 
Irish) Regiment of Foot ; raised as 
the loist. 

i858-i88r. The looth (Prince of Wales's 
Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot. 
1881 (from). The Prince of ^Vales's I 



LES. 



A Maple Leaf. 



2nd Batt. 



T761-63. The 109th Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

T 7 94-95- The 1 05th (Aberdeenshire) 
Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1854-58. The Hon. East India Company's 
3rd (Bombay European) Regiment. 

1858-61. The 3rd (Bombay) Regiment. 

1861-81. The logth (Bombay Infantry) 
Regiment. 



^einster Regiment (Royal Canadians). 



209 

TLbc prince of Males's Xeinster IReglment (IRo^al Canabtans)- 

continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* "Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



1761-62. Martinique. 

1761. Belle Isle. 

1783. Carnatic. 

1812-14. Canada. 
"1813. Niagara (i). 

1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 
'1858. Central India (2). 



1858. Ratgur. 

1858. Barodia. 

1858. Sanger. 

1858. Garrakota. 

1858. Muddenpore. 

1858. Betura. 

1858. Jhansi. 



1858. Calpe. 
1858. Morar. 
1858. Gwalior. 
1900. South Africa. 



Uniform. — Scarlet with Blue facings (from formation with ist Batt. . the 2nd Batt. 
wore White facings till 1881). 

Regimental and other Badges. — " The Plume of the Prince of Wales," " A Maple 
Leaf" (the late looth was raised in Canada). 

Nicknames. — " The German Mob " (of the 109th, from the number of Germans in the 
regiment when taken over from the Hon. East India Company). " The Brass 
Heads" (also of the 109th because, physique being good, they suffered little from 
the sun). 

Notes. — The 100th Foot was an expression of Canadian loyalty at the time of the 
Mutiny. 



Zbc IRoi^al fIDunster fusiliers, 



COMPRISING 

ist Batt. (formerly) The loist (Royal Bengal Fusiliers) Regiment. 
2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 104th (Bengal Fusiliers) Regiment 

Battalions. 
3rd Batt. The South Cork Militia. 
4th Batt. The Kerry Militia. 
5th Batt. The Royal Limerick County Militia. 

" Spedamur Agendo!' 



with Militia 





The Royal Tiger. 



The Arms of Munster. 



TITLES. 



ist Batt. 

1760-63. The loist (Highland) Regiment 
of Foot ; also Johnstone's High- 
landers ; disbanded. 

1780-83. The loist Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

1794-95. The loist (Irish) Regiment of 
Foot ; drafted. 

1806-17. The loist (Duke of York's 
Irish) Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1759-1840. The Hon. East India Com- 
pany's Bengal (European) Regiment. 

r84o-4i. The Hon. East India Company's 
rst Bengal (European) Regiment. 

1841-46. The Hon. East India Company's 
ist (Bengal European) Light Infantry. 

1846-58. The Hon. East India Company's 
ist (Bengal European) Fusiliers. 

1858-61. The ist Bengal Fusiliers. 

186 1-8 1, The loist Royal Bengal 
Fusiliers. 



2nd Batt. 

1761-63. The 104th (King's Volunteers) 
Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1780-83. The 104th Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

1794-95- The 104th (Royal Manchester 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot ; 
drafted. 

1806-16. The 104th Regiment of Foot ; 
disbanded. 

1839-50. The Hon. East India Company's 
2nd Bengal (European) Regiment. 

1850-58. The Hon. East India Company's 
2nd (Bengal European) Fusiliers. 

1858-61. The 2nd Bengal Fusiliers. 

1861-81. The 104th Bengal Fusihers. 



1 88 1 (from). The Royal Munster Fusihers. 



Xlbe IROgal /IDunSter fWSUlCVS—'ronflnued 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

■ Honours " on the Colours, the figures shomng the Battalion concerned. 



1757. Chandernagore. 


•^4783. 


Carnatic (i). 


■■•1846. Sobraon (i). 


'1757. Plassey (i). 


1783- 


Cuddalore. 


"1848-49. Punjaub (2). 


"1758. Condore (i). 


■'1804. 


Deig. 


■"'1849. Chillianwallah (2). 


'1759. Masulipatam (i). 


1805. 


Bhurtpore. 


'■■1849. Goojerat (2). 


1759. Badara (i). 


1808. 


Macao. 


1851-53. Burma. 


1760-61. Delhi. 


1810. 


Amboyna. 


•^^■1852-53. Pegu (i & 2). 


1760. Wyndewash. 


1813- 


-14. Canada. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


■1763-65- Gujerat (1). 


1814- 


-15. Nepaul. 


-1857. Delhi (i & 2). 


1764. Buxar (i). 


1815. 


Java. 


^1858. Lucknow (i). 


1774-94. Rohilcund (i). 


■^^-1826. 


Bhurtpore (i). 


■•■1885-87. Burma (i). 


1781. Porto Novo. 


"1839- 


-40. Afghanistan (i). 


1900. South Africa. 


178 1. Sholingur. 


-1839. 


Ghuznee (i). 




1782. Arnee. 


"1845. 


Ferozeshah (i). 





Uniform. — The loist (when raised) wore Scarlet with Sky-blue facings, the latter 
being changed to Blue in 1846 ; the 104th have worn Scarlet with Blue facings 
throughout. 

Regimental and other B.^dges. — " A Shamrock." " The Royal Tiger." Also 
(since territorialisation) " The Arms of Munster." Motto, " Spectamur agendo. 

Nicknames. — "The Dirty Shirts" (the loist fought without the tunic at Delhi in 
1857). 

Notes. — The two battalions received their titles in 1846 and 1850, for distinction in 
the Sutlej and Punjaub Campaigns respectively; the officers of the 104th being 
allowed to wear also a scarlet band in the forage cap for services in India. 

Bibliography. — History of the Royal European Eegiment, now the Royal Mvnster 
Fusiliers. By Lieutenant-Colonel P. R. Innes. Illustrated. [London : Simpkin. 



^be IRo^al 2)ublin fusiliers, 

COMPRISING 

1st Batt. (formerly) The 102nd (Royal Madras Fusiliers). 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The 103rd (Royal Bombay Fusiliers) ; with Militia Battalions. 

3rd Batt. The Kildare Militia. 

4th Batt. The Royal Dublin City Militia. 

5th Batt. The Dubhn County Militia. 

" Spectamur Agendo." 






The Elephant. 



The Arms of the City 
OF Duplin. 



The Royal Tiger. 



TITLES. 



ist Batt. 



2nd Batt. 



1760-63. The 102nd (Queen's Own Royal 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot ; 
disbanded. 

1780-83. The 102nd Regiment of Foot; 
disbanded. 

1793-94. The 102nd (Irish) Regiment of 
Foot ; drafted. 

i8og-i6. The 102nd Regiment of Foot; 
raised in 1798 as the New South 
Wales Corps: disbanded in 181 8 as 
the 1 00th Foot. 

1746-1830. The Hon. East India Com- 
pany's European Regiment. 

1830-39. The Hon. East India Company's 
Madras (European) Regiment. 

1839-43. The Hon. East India Company's 
ist Madras (European) Regiment. 

1843-58. The Hon. East India Company's 
" ist Madras (European) Fusiliers. 

1858-61. The Tst Madras Fusiliers. 

1861-81. The 102nd (Royal Madras) 
Fusiliers. 



1761-63. The 103rd (Volunteer Hunters) 
Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1781-83. The 103rd (King's Irish In- 
fantry) Regiment of Foot ; disbanded. 

1794-95- The 103rd (Loyal Bristol 
Volunteers) Regiment of Foot ; 
drafted. 

1809-17. The 103rd Regiment of Foot. 

1661-68. The Bombay Regiment. 

1 668-1839. The Hon. East India Com- 
pany's Bombay (European) Regiment. 

1839-44. The Hon. East India Company's 
ist Bombay (European) Regiment. 

1844-58. The Hon. East India Company's 
ist Bombay (European) Fusihers. 

1858-61. The ist Bombay Fusihers. 

1 86 1-8 1. The 103rd Royal Bombay 
Fusiliers. 



1881 (from). The Royal Dublin Fusihers. 



Zbe IRogal Dublin fnsilicvs—confmuej. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 
* " Honours" on the Colours, the figures showing the Battalion concerned. 



*i747- 


-83. Carnatic (2). 


■■1747- 


-83. Mysore (2). 


*i7Si- 


Arcot (i). 


*i757- 


Plassey (i & 2). 


''1758- 


Condore (i). 


*i76o. 


Wyndewash (i). 


"1764. 


Buxar (2). 


1764. 


Madras. 


1764. 


Pondicherry. 


1767- 


-69. Mysore. 


1778- 


-80. Pondicherry. 


*i78o. 


Gujarat (i). 


1780. 


Ahmedabad. 



■'■I 7 81. Sholingur (i;. '•■182 r 

1782. Arnee. "1824, 

1783. Cuddalore. ''''1839. 
1 791. Bangalore. ■^1848- 

''1791. Nundy-Droog (2). '■''1849. 

■'1792. Seringapatam (2). "'1849. 

■"'1793. Pondicherry (i). "1852- 

'■'1810. Amboyna (i). 1857- 

■'■'1810. Temate (i), 1857. 

"iSio. Banda (i). '""1857. 

"1817. Kirkee (2). 1900. 
■■•"1817. Maheidporo (i). 
1819. Asseerghur. 



Beni-Boo-Ally (2). 

Ava (i). 

Aden (2). 
-49. Punjaub (2). 

Mooltan (2). 

Gujerat (2). 
-53. Pegu (2). 
-58. Indian Mutiny. 

Cawnpore. 

Lucknow (i). 

South Africa. 



L'xiFORM. — ist Batt., Scarlet -ivith Buff facings when raised, but the facings frequently 
changed — Blue, French Grey, White, and Blue; they are now (1900) Blue. 
2nd Batt., when raised in 1661, the Sea-Green facings to the Scarlet uniform were 
adopted in compliment to Catherine of Braganza (Queen of Charles II.), Bombay 
being part of her dowry, and sea-green her favourite colour. The uniform and 
facings are now Scarlet and Blue. 



Regimental and other Badges. — " The Royal Tiger" (for Nundy-Droog in 1791), 
"The Elephant" (for Mysore), also (since 1881) "The Arms of the City of 
Dublin." Motto, " Spscfamur ageiido" (this for services under Lord Clive). 

Nicknames. — "The Lambs" (of the 102nd Foot), "The Old Toughs" (for long and 
arduous service of the 103rd in India). 



214 



^be IRifle Brtgabe (pinnce Consort's ®wn), 

COMPRISING 

4 Batts., with Militia Battalions. 
5th Batt. The Queen's Own Royal Tower Hamlets Militia. 
6th Batt. The Royal Longford and West Meath Militia. 
7th Batt. The King's Own Royal Tower Hamlets Militia. 




Special Device on the Pouch. 



TITLES. 

1800-2. The Corps of Riflemen; also 1816-62. The Rifle Brigade. 

Manningham's Sharpshooters. ' ^gg^_g^_ ^^^ ^^.^^^ ^^^^^^^^,^ ^^^^ ^.^^ 
1802-16. The 9Sth (Rifle Corps) Regi- Brigade 

ment of Foot. 

1 88 1 (from). The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own). 



215 

Zbc IRitle iSSrigabe (iprtnce donsort's ®von)—<:onfhmed. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 



■1801. 

1806. 
-■1807. 

1807. 
"1808- 
'■=■1808. 
'■1808. 
"1809. 

1809. 
■1810. 
■1811. 

1811. 
''1811. 

1811. 



Copenhagen. 
Buenos Ayres. 
Monte Video. 
Copenhagen. 
14. Peninsula. 
Roleia. 
Vimiera. 
Corunna. 
Flushing. 
Busaco. 
Barrossa. 
Sabugal. 
Fuentes d'Onor. 
Tarifa. 



■ Honours " inscribed on the Pouch, &c. 

■1812. Ciudad Rodrigo. 

■■■"181 2. Badajos. 

■"1812. Salamanca. 

"1813. Vittoria. 

1813. St. Sebastian. 
"1813. Nivelle. 
■"1813. Nive. 
"1814. Orthes. 

181 4. Tarbes. 
'''1814. Toulouse. 

1814. Antwerp. 
1 8 14-15. Netherlands. 

1815. New Orleans. 
1815. Quatre Bras. 



"1815. 


Waterloo. 


•'1846- 


-53. South Africa (2 




Honours). 


•■^1854. 


Alma. 


■"1854. 


Inkerman. 


■'1855. 


Sevastopol. 


1857-58. Indian Mutiny. 


■1858. 


Lucknow. 


-1 87 4. 


Ashantee. 


•"1878- 


■79. Afghanistan. 


■"•1878. 


Ali Masjid. 


•"'1885-87. Burma. 


•'1899. 


Khartoum. 


1900. 


South Africa. 



Uniform. — Green faced with Black (from formation). 

Regimental and other Badges. — None given in Army List. On appointments 
appear "A Maltese Cross,'' surmounted by "A Crown." Previous to 1830 a 
figure of " Fame " surmounted the Cross. At one time the badge was " A Bugle 
Horn." 



Nickname.' — " The Sweeps '' (from its facings). 

Notes. — Formed in 1800 by detachments from various regiments. As King William 
IV. remarked, "What more can be said of you, Riflemen, than that wherever 
there has been fighting there you have been, and wherever you have been you 
have distinguished yourselves ? " 

BiBLiOGKAPHY.^ — History of The Rifle Brigade {The Prince Consort's Own). Formerly 
The ^^th. By Sir William H. Cope, Bart. Illustrated. [London : Chatto and 
Windus. 1877.] 



2l6 



Zbc West 3nbia IRcgiment, 



COMPRISING 



1st Batt. (formerly) Malcolm's Black Rangers : originally The Carolina Black 

Corps. 

2nd Batt. ( „ ) The St. Vincent's Black Rangers. 
3rd Batt. Authorised. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

* " Honours " on the Colours. 



1779. 


Savannah. 


"■1805. 


Dominica. 


1780. 


Charlestown. 


■■'1809. 


Martinique. 


I78I. 


Hobkirk's Hill. 


1809. 


San Domingo. 


I78I. 


Entaw Springs. 


*i8io. 


Guadaloupe. 


1794- 


Martinique. 


1815. 


New Orleans. 


1794. 


Guadaloupe. 


1815. 


Mobile. 


1795- 


St. Lucia. 


1823. 


Mahaica. 


1795- 


St. Vincent. 


1848. 


Coomassie. 


1796. 


St. Lucia. 


1853- 


-54. Christenbourg. 



1853-55- Sabbajee. 

1864. Ashantee. 

1865. Jamaica. 
1872. Orange Walk. 

'■■1873-74. Ashantee. 
■■•1887, 1892-4. West 
Africa. 



Uniform. — Zouave dress, Scarlet with White facings. 

Bibliography. — A History of T/ie 1st West India Regunent. By Major A. B. Ellis. 
[London. 1885.] 



217 



^be 1Ro\)aI fiDarinea, 

COMPRISING 

Royal Marine Artillery ; and Royal Marine Light Infantry. 




The Globe and Laurel Wreath. 



TITLES. 

1664-89. The Lord Admiral's (H.R.H. The Duke of York and Albany's) Maritime 
Regiment ; also ranked as The 3rd Foot : drafted into The Coldstreams. 

r 694-97. Maritime Regiments : several raised and disbanded. 

1702-13. Maritime Regiments : six raised, of which three were disbanded, the rest 
being now represented by The ist Batt. East Lancashire, The ist East Surrey, 
and The ist Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry ; at the same time other regiments 
were placed on the Marine Establishment for sea-service — these regiments are 
now represented by The 2nd Gloucester Regiment, The Yorkshire, The Lanca- 
shire Fusiliers, The ist Border, The ist Royal Sussex, and The 2nd Worcester. 

1740-48. Marine Regiments : ten raised and disbanded. 

1755-1802. Marines: 50 Companies permanently established. 

1802 (from). Royal Marines. 



2l8 



ZhC IROgal iWiavinCS— continued. 



PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGNS, BATTLES, &c. 

[It is impossible to instance more tlian the most distinguished of the varied services of this iDrauch 
of the Army. Reference should" also be made to the Regimental Records of Corps specially mentioned 
as having at one time served as Marines.] 



1705. 


Gibraltar. 


1775. America. 


1840-1. Egypt. 


1706. 


Spain. 


1775. Bunker's Hill. 


1840-2. China. 


1708. 


Minorca. 


1783. Gibraltar. 


1845-9. New Zealand. 


1708. 


Nice. 


1797. St. Vincent. 


1 85 1-3. Burma. 


1708. 


Ostend. 


1797. Camperdown. 


1855. Baltic. 


1708. 


Sardinia. 


1 80 1. Copenhagen. 


1855. Sevastopol. 


1709. 


Nova Scotia. 


1 80 1. Egypt. 


1858. Lucknow. 


1709. 


West Indies. 


1801. Tenerifife. 


i860. China. 


1709. 


Dunkirk. 


1 80 1. Acre. 


1868. Abyssinia. 


I74I. 


Carthagena. 


1801. Elba. 


1874. Ashantee. 


1746. 


Culloden. 


1805. Trafalgar. 


1882. Egypt. 


1747- 


-8. Aria-Coupang. 


1807. Copenhagen. 


1884. Nile. 


1747- 


-8. Pondicherry. 


1807. Dardanelles. 


1 884-5. Egypt. 


1747- 


-8. Coromandel 


1808-T4. Peninsula. 


1884-90. Zululand. 




Coast. 


1809. Flushing. 


1887, 1892-4. WestAfrica. 


1758. 


Louisbourg. 


18 II. Cape Lissa. 


1900. South Africa. 


I76I. 


Belle Isle. 


1 81 2-1 5. An:ierica. 


&c., &c., &c. 


1762. 


Manilla. 


1836-38. Spain. 




1762. 


Havannah. 


1840. Syria. 





Uniform. — Scarlet with Yellow facings (1664); Red Waterman's Frocks with bright 
Yellow facings (1702); the 1740-48 contingents wore the usual red Waterman's 
frock with different facings and cloth caps for each regiment : — ist Regiment, 
Yellow; 2nd, Green; 3rd, Yellow; 4th, White; 5th, Yellow; 6th, Green; 7th, 
White; 8th, Yellow; 9th, Buff; loth. Yellow. From 1755 to 1802 a Scarlet 
Uniform with White facings was worn, the facings being changed to Blue in 1802. 
At the present time the Royal Marine Artillery wear Blue with Scarlet facings, 
and the Royal Marine Light Infantry Scarlet with Blue facings. 



219 



Regimental and other Badges. — " The Globe " with the Motto, " Fcr Mare, per 
Terram." " The Crown — the Anchor and Laurel " — Her Majesty's Cypher, with 
the word " Gibraltar " (the latter for services at the various sieges). 

Nicknames. — " The Little Grenadiers " (at Belle Isle the Corps wore the old-fashioned 
Grenadier caps of the earlier maritime regiments). "The Jollies." "The Globe 
Rangers.'' " Neptune's Bodyguard." " The Admiral's Regiment." 

Notes. — The Royal Marines rank ne.xt to The Berkshire Regiment. 

Bibliography. — Historical Records of The Royal Marines. Compiled and edited by 
Major L. Edye, R.M.L.L, Barrister-at-Law. Vol. I. 1664-1701. [London: 
Harrison. 1893.] 

Histoi-ical Review of the Royal Marine Corps. By Captain Gillespie. 
[London : 1803.] 

Historical Record of the Royal ^Tarine Forces. By Colonel Nichols. [London: 

1845.] 



VI. 
THE ARMY SERVICE CORPS. 



223 



^be Brmi? Service Corps. 




The Badge of the Army Service Corps- 



TITLES. 

1794. Corps of Royal Waggoners ; disbanded shortly after. 

1801-33. The Royal Waggon Train ; disbanded. 

1855-57. Land Transport Corps ; disbanded. 

1857-70. The Military Train. 

1870-75. The Control Department. 

1875-80. The Commissariat and Transport Department. 

1880-88. The Commissariat and Transport Staff. 

1888 (from). The Army Service Corps. 



Services. — These are obviously to be found in English Military History J>asszm. 

Uniform.- — Blue with White facings. 

Badge. — See above. 

Nicknames. — "The London Thieving Corps" (i.e., the initials of the Land Transport 
Corps of 1855-57). " The Moke (or Muck) Train," or " The Murdering Thieves " 
(the initials of The Military Train of 1857-70) ; the first of the two because 
horses were exchanged for Spanish mules. 



VII. 
THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY. 



227 



Zbe CbapIain'0 department. 




Maltese Cross. 



Motto : " In This Conquer.' 



Uniform. — As per Regtdations, but seldom worn except on active service. 

Notes. — Chaplains first received commissions in 1662. The present Chaplain's 
Department was formed in 1858. The " relative rank " is — 

Chaplain General to the Forces, as Major-General. 
Chaplains of the First Class, as Colonels. 
Chaplains of the Second Class, as Lieutenant-Colonels. 
Chaplains of the Third Class, as Majors. 
Chaplains of the Fourth Class, as Captains. 



Q 2 



228 



tlbe IRoi^al Hrmi^ fIDeMcal Corps. 




Uniform. ^ — Blue with dull cherry facings,. 

Badge. — See above. 

Nicknames. — " The Licensed Lancers,'' " The Poultice Wollopers," " The 
Linseed Lancers ,'' " The Pills.'' 



Notes. — The Army Medical Staff was organised in 1873. 



229 



Zbe ©reliance Store department anD ©rbnance 

Store Corps. 




TITLES. 
The Military Store Staff Corps. 
The Ordnance Store Corps. 



Uniform. —Blue with Scarlet facings and edgings. 

Badge. — The Royal Crest within a Garter, bearing the word " Ordnance." 
Nickname. — " The Sugar Stick Brigade " (from the trimming on uniform). 
Notes. — The present department dates from 1875, 



23° 



^be Uvm^ pai^ 2)epartment. 




The Royal Cypher and Crown. 



Uniform. — Blue with Yellow facings 

Badge. — On the pouches appears "The Royal Cypher and Crown.' 

Notes. — Instituted in 1878. 



231 



Xtbe Hrm^ IPetertnar^ Department. 




Uniform. — Blue with Maroon velvet facings. 
BADGE.—See above. 
Notes. — Instituted in 1881. 



233 



APPENDIX I. 



a stable giving tbe jformer Bumbers an& territorial 
titles of tbe ifoot IRegiments. 



Former Nos. 


Territorial Titles. 


1st Foot 


Royal Scots ... . ■ 


2nd „ 


Royal West Surrey Regiment . 


3rd „ 


East Kent Regiment 


4th „ 


Royal Lancashire Regiment 


5th „ 


Northumberland Fusiliers 


6th „ 


Royal Warwickshire Regiment 


7th „ 


Royal Fusiliers ... 


8th „ 


Liverpool Regiment 


9th „ 


Norfolk Regiment ... 


loth ,, 


Lincolnshire Regiment 


nth „ 


Devonshire Regiment 


I2th „ 


Suffolk Regiment . 


13th „ 


Somerset Light Infantry 


14th „ 


West Yorkshire Regiment 


15th „ 


East Yorkshire Regiment 


l6th „ 


Bedfordshire Regiment 


17th „ 


Leicestershire Regiment . 


i8th „ 


Royal Irish Regiment 


19th ,, 


Yorkshire Regiment 


20th „ 


Lancashire Fusiliers 


2ISt „ 


Royal Scots Fusiliers 


22nd „ 


Cheshire Regiment . . . . 


23rd „ 


Royal Welsh Fusiliers 


24th ,, 


South Wales Borderers . 


25th „ 


King's Own Scottish Borderers 


26th „ 


1st Batt. Scottish Rifles . 


27th „ 


1st Batt. Inniskilling Fusiliers . 


28th „ 


1st Batt. Gloucestershire Regiment 


29th „ 


1st Batt. Worcestershire Regiment 


30th ,, 


1st Batt. East Lancashire Regiment . 


31st „ 


1st Batt. East Surrey Regiment 


32nd „ 


1st Batt. Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry 


33rd .. 


1st Batt. West Riding Regiment 


34tli „ 


1st Batt. Border Regiriient 



P.^UE 

78 
80 
82 
84 

86 
88 
90 
92 
94 
96 

98 
100 
102 
104 
io5 
108 
no 
112 

"4 
116 
118 
120 
122 
124 
126 
128 
130 
132 

134 
136 
138 
140 
142 
144 



234 



Former Nos. 
35th Foot 

36th „ 

37th „ 

38th „ 

39th „ 

40th „ 

41st „ 

42nd ,, 

43rd ,, 

44th „ 

45th „ 

46th „ 

47th „ 

48th ,, 

49th „ 

50th „ 

51st ,, 

S2nd ,< 

53>-d „ 

S4th ,, 

55th .. 

56th „ 

57* .. 

58th „ 

S9th „ 

60th „ 

6i<>t „ 

62nd „ 

63rd „ 

64th ,, 

6sth „ 

65th „ 

67th „ 

68th „ 

69th ,, 

70th „ 

71st ,, 

72nd „ 

73rd „ 

74th ,, 

7Sth „ 

76th ,, 

77th „ 

78th ,, 

79th „ 

8olh „ 

8ist „ 

82nd „ 



TERRITORtAL TiTLES. 

1st Batt. Royal Sussex Regiment 

2nd Batt. Worcestershire Regiment . 

1st Batt. Hampshire Regiment 

1st Batt. South Staffordshire Regiment 

1st Batt. Dorsetshire Regiment 

1st Batt. South Lancashire Regimeni 

1st Batt. Welsh Regiment 

1st Batt. Royal Highlanders . 

1st Batt. Oxford Light Infantry 

1st Batt. Essex Regiment 

1st Batt. Derbyshire Regiment 

2nd Batt. Duke of Cornwall Light Infantry 

1st Batt. North Lancashire Regiment 

1st Batt. Northamptonshire Regiment 

1st Batt. Royal Berkshire Regiment 

1st Batt. Royal West Kent Regiment 

1st Batt. Yorkshire Light Infantry 

2nd Batt. Oxfordshire Light Infantry 

1st Batt. Shropshire Light Infaniry . 

2nd Batt. Dorsetshire Regiment 

2nd Batt. Border Regiment 

2nd Batt. Essex Regiment 

1st Batt. Middlesex Regiment . 

2nd Batt. Northamptonshire Regiment 

2nd Batt. East Lancashire Regiment 

King's Royal Rifle Corps 

2nd Batt. Gloucestershire Regiment 

1st Batt. Wiltshire Regiment . 

1st Batt. Manchester Regiment 

1st Batt. North Staffordshire Regiment 

1st Batt. Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment 

2nd Batt. Royal Berkshire Regiment. . 

2nd Batt. Hampshire Regiment 

1st Batt. Durham Light Infantry 

2nd Batt. Welsh Regiment 

2nd Batt. East Surrey Regiment 

1st Batt. Highland Light Infantry 

1st Batt. Seaforth Highlanders 

2nd Batt. Royal Highlanders . 

2nd Batt. Highland Light Infantry . 

1st Batt. Gordon Highlanders 

2nd Batt. West Riding Regiment 

2nd Batt. Middlesex Regiment 

2nd Batt. Seaforth Highlanders 

1st Batt. Cameron Highlanders 

2nd Batt. South Staffordshire Regiment 

2nd Batt. North Lancashire Regiment 

2nd Batt. South Lancashire Regiment 



Page 
146 
134 
148 
150 
152 
154 
156 
158 
160 
162 
164 
140 
166 
168 
170 
172 

174 
160 
176 
152 

144 
162 
178 
1 68 
136 
180 
132 
182 
184 
1 86 
188 
170 
148 
190 
156 
138 
192 
194 

158 
192 
196 
142 
178 
194 
198 
150 
166 
154 



235 



Former Nos. 
83rd Foot 

84th „ 

8sth „ 

86th „ 

87th ,, 

88th „ 

89th „ 

90th ,, 

91st „ 

92nd ,. 

94th „ 

95th >. 

96th „ 

97th „ 

98th „ 

99th .. 

looth „ 

loist „ 

102nd , , 

103rd „ 

104th „ 

105th „ 

io6th ,, 

107th „ 

loSth ,, 

109th „ 
Rifle Brigade 



Territoriai- Titles. 
1st Batt. Royal Irish Rifles 
2nd Batt. Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment 
2nd Batt. Shropshire Light Infantry 
2nd Batt. Royal Irish Rifles . 
1st Batt. Royal Irish Fusiliers 
1st Batt. Connaught Rangers. 
2nd Batt. Royal Irish Fusiliers 
2nd Batt. Scottish Rifles . 
1st Batt. Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders 
2nd Batt. Gordon Highlanders 
2nd Batt. Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders 
2nd Batt. Connaught Rangers . 
2nd Batt. Derbyshire Regiment 
2nd Batt. Manchester Regiment 
2nd Batt. Royal West Kent Regiment 
2nd Batt. North Staffordshire Regiment 
2nd Batt. Wiltshire Regiment . 
1st Batt. Leinster Regiment 
1st Batt. Royal Munster Fusiliers 
1st Batt. Royal Dublin Fusiliers 
2nd Batt. Royal Dublin Fusiliers 
2nd Batt. Royal Munster Fusiliers . 
2nd Batt. Yorkshire Light Infantry 
2nd Batt. Durham Light Infantry . 
2nd Batt. Royal Sussex Regiment 
2nd Batt. Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 
2nd Batt. Leinster Regiment . 
Rifle Brigade . 



Page 
20O' 
188 
176 
200 

202 
204 
202 
128 
206 
196 
206 
204. 
164 
184 
172 
186 
182 
208 
210 
212 
212 
210 

190 
145 

208 
214 



237 



APPENDIX II. 



^be ©rber of precedence of tbe territorial IRegiments. 



The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment). 

The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment). 

The Buffs (East Kent Regiment). 

The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment). 

The Northumberland Fusiliers. 

The Royal Warwickshire Regiment. 

The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment). 

The King's (Liverpool Regiment). 

The Norfolk Regiment. 

The Lincolnshire Regiment. 

The Devonshire Regiment. 

The Suffolk Regiment. 

The Prince Albert's (Somersetshire Light Infantry). 

The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment). 

The East Yorkshire Regiment. 

The Bedfordshire Regiment. 

The Leicestershire Regiment. 

The Royal Irish Regiment. 

The Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regimeat). 

The Lancashire Fusiliers. 

The Royal Scots Fusiliers. 

The Cheshire Regiment. 

The Royal Welsh FusiHers. 

The South Wales Borderers. 

The King's Own Scottish Borderers. 

The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). 

The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. 

The Gloucestershire Regiment. 

The Worcestershire Regiment. 

The East Lancashire Regiment. 

The East Surrey Regiment. 

The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. 

The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment). 

The Border Regiment. 

The Royal Sussex Regiment. 

The Hampshire Regiment. 

The South Staffordshire Regiment. 



238 

The Dorsetshire Regiment. 

The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment). 

The Welsh Regiment. 

The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders). 

The Oxfordshire Light Infantry. 

The Essex Regiment. 

The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Regiment). 

The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. 

The Northamptonshire Regiment. 

Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment). 

The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment). 

The King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry). 

The King's (Shropshire Light Infantry). 

The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment). 

The King's Royal Rifle Corps. 

The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment). 

The Manchester Regiment. 

The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire) Regiment). 

The York and Lancaster Regiment. 

The Durham Light Infantry. 

The Highland Light Infantry. 

Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's). 

The Gordon Highlanders. 

The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. 

The Royal Irish Rifles. 

Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers). 

The Connaught Rangers. 

Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders). 

The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own). 

The Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians). 

The Royal Munster Fusiliers. 

The Royal Dublin Fusiliers. 



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