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Full text of "An introduction to the study of bibliography : to which is prefixed A Memoir on the public libraries of the antients"

Strata, iStw lorh 



Cornell University Library 
Z1001 .H81 
V.2 
An introduction to tlie study of bibliogr 



oiin 




3 1924 031 039 815 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of tliis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31 924031 03981 5 



AN 

INTRODUCTION 



TO THE 



ttttiy Of iSiblwgraiplbp. 

TO ■WHICH IS PREFIXED 

A 
MEMOIR 

ON THE 

PUBLIC LIBRARIES OP THE ANTIENTS. 



BY THOMAS HARTWELL HORNE. 



IlLUSTKATED WITH ENGRAVINGS. 



VOL. IL 

LONDON: 

PBINTEB BY G. WOODFALL, 

FOR T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES, STRAND. 

1814. 



Too docendi magis qaam admonendi gratia scripts. 

AuL. GfiLL. Prctf, in Nat. Alt. 



PART III. 

A' NOTICE OF THE PRINCIPAL WORKS, EXTANT ON 

LITERARY HISTORY IN GENERAL, AND ON 

BIBLIOGRAPHY IN PARTICULAR. 



CHAPTER I.— LITERA'RY HISTORY. 

SECTION I. LITERAEY HISTORY, IN GENERAL. 

§ 1. Dictionaries of Literary HUtory, 

Hoffmann. — Joannis Jacobi Hoffmanni Lexicon 
Universale Historicum. Lug. Bat. 1698, i vols, fol, 

Hofimann was one of the most laborious compilers of the 17th 
ce^ntury : notwithstanding his Lexicon is, iu a great degree, 
superseded by more recent publications, it is not unworthy 
of a place in a large library. Morhof says of HoiFman, that 
he absorbed every thing hke a whirlpool. Polyhist. torn. iii. 
1. 4. § 2. 

MoRERi. — Le grand Dictionnaire historique, ou Me- 
lange curieuse de I'Histoire sacree et j^rofane, par Louis 
Moreti. Nouvelle edition dans laquelle on a refondu 
les supplemens de I'abbe Gouget ; revue et augmentee 
par Drouet. Paris, 1759, 10 vols. fol. 

Tile best edition (the 30th) of a very useful work, which ori- 
ginally appeared at Lyons in 1674, in one volume folio. 

BAYLE.^Dictiofnnaire Historique et Critique par 
Pierre Bayle. Rotterdain, 1720, 4 vols, folio. 
This is the best edition of Bayle's great work: it was revised, 
corrected, and enlarged by Prosper Marchand, and is in 

D D 2 



404 NOTICE OF WORKS 

much request. The purchaser of this edition should attend 
to the following distinctive marks. The first volume ought 
to have a dedication to the Duke of Orleans, (Regent of 
France) under whose aiispices the edition was published, and 
from which circumstance it is sometimes called the Regent's 
edition. The title of this dedication is printed in red and 
black. The second volume ought to'coritain two articles, on 
David, King of the Jews : the first of these occupies pp. 
963 — 965 ; the second, which comprises much additional 
matter and is the most important, is printed on three separate 
leaves numbered 963*^^968*. If either of these be wanting, 
the book is imperfect, and its value materially diminished. 
There are a few copies on large paper. 

The first edition of Bayle's Dictionary appeared at Rotterdam, 
in 1697, in 4 vols, folio : it is held in some estimation, as being 
published under the author's own inspection. The editions of 
Amsterdam, 1730, in 4 vols. fol. and of Paris (under the title 
of Amsterdam) in 1734, in 5 vols. foli«v 'are not much es- 
teemed; they are greatly inferior to that of 1740, edited by M. 
Des Maizeaux, who prefixed a Hfe of Bayle to the first vo- 
lume. 4-n octsiyo edition was commenced some time since, 
at Leipsie, to be completed in eight vols, forming 16 parts, 
and on three different papers, common, fine, and small folic 
(De Bure Bibl. Instr. {Histoire, No. 4376.) Brunei, Manuel, 
tom. i. p. 101.) 

There are two English translations of this work, one in five vols, 
folio. London, 1734. (td edit.) and another intituled "A Ge- 
neral Dictionary, Historical and Critical; (including a trans- 
lation of the whole of Bayle's Dictionary,) containing 
the history of the most illustrious persons of all ages and 
nations," (by J, P. Bernard, T. Birch, J. Lockman, and 
G. Saje) London, 1734 — 41. 10 vols, folio. Of a work so well 
known as Baylp's " Diptionnaire Historique et Critique," it 
is not here necessary to say much : it is a perform^fice of a 
singular kind, and resembling no other of a similar title. 
" The articles chosen are in some measure supplementary t» 

7 



ON. LITERARY HISTORY. 405 

those of Moreri's Dictionary, the numerous errors and defects 
of whibh Bayle undertakes to correct; but his real purpose 
seems to have been, to make his dictionary a kind of common 
place for all the critical and philological knowledge, all the 
curious information as to fact, and all- the subtlety of argu- 
mentation, he had spent his life in acquiring. To a slender 
thread of historical text belonging to each article, he there- 
fore added a vast body of notes, containing discursive matter 
of every kind, often solid, learned and ingenious, not seldorti 
running out into uninteresting minutia, and gossiping nar- 
rative. It has afforded (continues Dr. Aikin} a bad model 
for imitation to inferior writers; who, in copying this man- 
"ner, have frequently thrown into the notes, what ought to 
have been incorporated into the text, or have made them a 
vehicle for rambling digressions and frivolous matter, unen- 
livened by any portion of the aCuteness and vivacity of Bayle." 
(Aikin's Gen. Biog. vol. i. p. 60.) The editors of the "Nou- 
veau Diclionnaire Historique" severely observe, that Bayle 
would have reduced his original 4 volumes into one, if he 
had not consulted his bookseller's interest rather than that of 
posterity. 

Chaufepie'. — Nouveau Dictionnaire Historique et 
Critique, pour servir de supplement au Dictionnaire de 
Bayle, par Jaques-Georges de Chsufepie, Amsterdamj 
1750, 4 vols. folio« 

Chaufepie has made very liberal use of the English transla* 
tion of Bayle last mentioned, which contains many important 
additions to the latter. — To these two works should, be added, 
the Examen du Pyrrhonisme ancien et modems by I. P. de 
Crousaz, La Haye, 1^33, fol. and the Remarques critiqwa sur 
le Dictionnaire de Bayle, by Joly. Dijon, 1748, 2 tomes in 
one vol. folio. Both these works are less esteemed than Chau- 
fepie's supplement, to which they are greatly inferior. 

Ladvocat. — ^Dictibhnaire Historique et Bibliographi- 
quePortatifparrabbeLadvocat. Paris, 1777, 3 vols. 8vo 



406 NOTICE OF WORKS 

This is the best edition, corrected and enlarged, by"C. 
G. Leclerc, a bookseller; who in 1789 published a sup- 
plement to Ladvocat's Dictionary, at Paris, in three vols. 
8vo. — The first edition of this useful work appeared at Paris 
in 1753, 2 vols. 8vo. An English translation was published 
at Cambridge, in 4 vols. 8vo. in 1793, and a second edition 
in 1799. 

Chaudon and Delandine. — Dictionnaii-e Universel, 
Historique, Critique et Bibliographique, ou Histoire 
abregee et impartiale des Hommes de toutes les Nations 
qui se sont rendus celebres, illustres ou fameux par des 
Vertus, des Talens, des grandes Actions, des Opinions 
singulieres, des Inventions, des Decouvertes, des Mo- 
numens, ou par des Erreurs, des Crimes, des Forfaits, 
etc., depuis la plus haute Antiquite jusqu'a nos jours; 
avec les Dieux et les Heros de toutes les Mythologies ; 
enrichie des Notes et Additions des Abbes Brotier et 
Mercier de Saint-Leger, etc. etc. ; d'apres la huitieme 
edition publiee par MM. Chaudon et Delandine; neu- 
vieme edition, revue, corrigee et augmentee de 16,000 
Articles environ, par une Societe de Savans Francois 
et Etrangers; suivie de Tables Chronologiques, pour 
reduire en Corps d'Histoire les Articles repandus dans 
ce Dictionnaire,, ornpe de 1,200 Portraits en Medall- 
ions, Bvo. Paris, 1810. 18 large volumes 8vo. 

The eighth edition of this most useful work appeared in 1804, 
in 13 vols. Svo. Caen, and Lyon. The last volume is wholly 
occupied with chronological tables of the principal historical 
events noticed in the body of the work. The first edition 
appeared in 1765, in 4 vols. 8vo. ; the second in 1769, in 
4 vols. 8vo. : subsequent editions were progressively enlarged. 

Chalmees. — The General Biographical Dictionary, 
containing an historical and critical account of the lives 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. 407 

and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation ; 
particularly the British and Irish from the earliest ac- 
counts to the present time. A new edition revised and 
enlarged by Alexander Chalmers, Esq. 8vo. London, 

18 12-1 S. vols. i. to XV. 

The first edition of this useful work appeared in 1763, in 11 
vols. 8vo. J the second, in 1785, in 12 vols. 8vo. with the ad- 
dition of 600 articles : a new edition was published in 1798, 
in 15 octavo volumes, with still greater augmentations ; and in 
that above noticed Mr. Chalmers has added to the obligati- 
ons already conferred by him on the cause of literature, by 
the numerous corrections and additions now made : the titles 
of authors' works are here given more accurately, and re- 
ferences are introduced to the authorities for each life. Fif- 
teen volumes have appeared ; the remaining volumes will be 
published, one every two months, until completed. The work 
will be comprised in about 30 volumes. 

AiKiN, &c. — General Biography; or Lives, Critical 
and Historical of the most eminent persons of all ages, 
countries, conditions, and professions, arranged accord- 
ing to alphabetical order. By John Aikin, m. d. and 
others. 4to. London, vols. i. to ix. 1799^-1814^. 

The first volume of this ably written work appeared in 1799, 
from the pens of Dr. Aikin and the late Rev. Dr. Enfield; 
whose place, in executing the subsequent volumes, has been 
supplied by Mr. Nicholson, the Rev. — Morgan, Mr. W. 
Johnston, and others. Each article is very properly terminated 
by references to the authorities, from which the information 
was obtained, and with the initial letter *of the compiler's 
name. 

"Watkins. — The Universal, Biographical, and His- 
torical Dictionary ; being a faithful account of the lives, 
actions, and characters of the most eminent persons of 



408 NOTICE OF WORKS 

all ages and countries, with the revolutions of states, 
and the succession of sovereign princes, etc. By Johtt 
Watkins, ll.d. 8vo. London, 1806. 

By the aid of a siriall type and full page, a variety of interest- 
ing particulars has here been compressed into one thick 8v6 
volume : the first edition was partially translated into French 
by M L'Ecuy. — (See the next articlfe.) 

L'EcuY. — Nouveau Dictionnaire uhiversel, historique, 
biographique, bibliographique et portatif, traduit en 
paftie de I'Anglois de J. Watkins, par J. B. L'Ecuy. 
8vo. Paris, 1808. 2 torn, en un vol. 8vo. 

Lempriere. — Universal Biography; containing a co- 
pious account, critical and historical, of the life and 
character, labors and actions of eminent persons in aU 
ages and countries, conditions and professions, arranged 
in alphabetical order. By J. Lempriere, d.d. 4to. Lon- 
don, 1808 ; also an abridgment of the same in 8vo. 

This is the most comprehensive work of the kind, in the En- 
glish language. 

BioGRAPHiE Universelle, ancienne et moderne, ou 
Histoire, par ordre alphabetique, de la vie publique et 
privee de tons les hommes, qui se sont fait remarque par 
leurs ecrits, leurs actions, leUrs talens, leurs vertus, ou 
leurs crimes. 8Vo. Paris, 1811, 1812. 
This is an entirely new work, of which four thick volume^ 

only have yet been imported. Mr. Chalmers gives it the 

high praise of accuracy. 

S 2. Treatises, ^c. on Literary History. 

Akdres. — ^Dell' origine, progressi, e stato attuale 
d'ogni letteratura datl' abate Giovanni Andres. Parma, 
dalla stamperia reale (Bodoni,) 1782 et seq. 7 vols. 4to. 

Another edition was published at Venice, in 1800, in 22 vo- 



ON LITER A&Y HISTORY. 409 

lumes, 8vo : both of which are marked in Messirs. Dulau's 
Catalogue at ^10. 10s. 

This is a classical work upon universal literaturej the com- 
pletion of which has fully answered the high expectations 
formed at the publication of the first volume. The typogra- 
phical execution of the 4to editioti is very beautiful : — there 
are some copies of it on large paper. As it is one of the most 
important works on literary history, hitherto published, the 
reader will not be displeased with the following outline of its 
contents, from Peignot'. — (Repertoire Bibliographique Uni- 
versel, p. 318.) 

The first volume exhibits the general state of literature at dif' 
ferent periods. The author treats, first, of literature prior 
to that of the Glreeks, of which he aftefwards gives an out- 
line, as well as of the literature of the Romans i having con- 
trasted these two together, he passes to (ecclesiastical litera- 
ture, and Ihence to that of the Arabs. , The influence of the 
latter is next considered, after the ages of barbarism in Eu- 
ifope ; and the author then proceeds to discuss the inventions 
we owe to the Arabs, and their influence in the cultivation of 
literature in modern times, the state of literature until the 
arrival of the Greeks in Italy (about the middle of the fifteenth 
century,) the literature of the seventeenth, eighteenth and 
nineteenth centuries, and lastly, the further progress of lite- 
rature. A trahslation of this first was published by M. Orto-i 
lani, under the following title : Histoire des Sciences et de la 
Ldtterature depuis hs temp's' anterieurs a I' histoire grecquejusqu' 
a nos jours, par M. I' Abbe Andrei, Jesuite, traduit de I'ttalien 
cvec des additzonsj d^s supplements, et des notes, 8vo. Paris, 
1805, tom. i. — This translation has not been continued. 
The second volume of M. Andres treats of the brigin, progress, 
'and present state of the Belles Lettres ; whence he proceeds 
to poetry in general, and theft discusses epic, didactic, dra- 
jnatic and lyric poetry, and concludes with romances. 

• Collated with a copy of the 4to edition of this valuable work, which 
is in the Ijbrary of the London InEtitotion. 



410 _ NOTICE OF WORKS 

The subject of Belles Lettres is continued in the third volume ; 
the origin, progress, and present state of eloquence is consi- 
dered ; next eloquence in general, the eloquence of the bar, 
didactic and epistolary eloquence, eloquence in the form of 
dialogue, eulogies, and sacred eloquence. History follows ; 
after some preliminary observations on its origin, progress, 
and present state, three chapters are appropriated to geogra- 
phy, chronology, and antiquities. To these succeed gram- 
mar, which is discussed in a technical, exegetical, and critical 
point of view. 

The fourth volume- embraces the sciences, whose origin, 
progress and present state are first noticed : thence the author 
passes to the mathematics, including arithmetic, algebra, geo- 
metry, mechanics, hydrostatics, navigation, acoustics, optics 
and astronomy. Physics, or natural philosophy, in general 
and in particular, terminate this volume. 

Chemistry is the first subject treated in the fifth volume : 
it is followed by botany, natural history, anatomy and medi- 
cine J and to these different branches of knowledge succeed 
rational and moral philosophy and jurisprudence. 

The sixth volume is devoted to theology, which the author 
traces from its origin to the council of Nice, thence to the 
council of Chalcedon, and from this to the introduction of 
scholastic theology. The subject is pursued to the seventeenth 
century, and is concluded by a view of its present state. — 
Bibhcal science follows theology, and is considered under the 
heads of criticism, hermeneutics (or interpretation) and exe- 
getics (or the explanation of the scriptures.) 

The seventh volume is a continuation of the sixth, the 
paging of which is consecutive : it treats of canonical jurispni- 
dence, which is divided into collections of the canon law and 
commentators thereon. This great work is terminated by a 
view of ecclesiastical history, in all its branches. ■ 

The details in each of the sciences just mentioned are im- 
mense : British literature would receive a very important 
accession, by a good translation of this most valuable work. 



uiN jjiijiitAa-i niciiuitx. 411 

with such additions as time and circumstances may- rehder 
necessary. — A Spanish translation of this work, by Don Car- 
los Andres, *as published at Madrid, in 1784, in 8 vols. 4to. 

Banistek. — A View of the Arts and Sciences from 
the earliest times to the age of Alexander the Great. 
By the Rev. James Banister. Svo, London, 1785. 

This work treats of the architecture, astronomy, language, 
mythology, and the natural and moral philosophy of the an- 
tients : it is not destitute of merit, and the information it 
contains may be useful to those who have not leisure or incli- 
nation to look into larger works. (Monthly Rev. O. S. vol. 
Ixxiii. p. 474.) — It was translated into French, and published 
at Paris iti 1789, -in 12mo. 

Beckmann (John).— a History of Inventions £aid 
Discoveries. By John Beckmann, Public Professor of 
Economy in the University of Gottingen. Translated 
from the German, by William Johnston. London, 
1797, 3 vols. Svo. 

A most interesting work, which is now of rare occurrence. 
The articles on stamped paper, writing pens, book-censors, ex- 
clusive privilege for printing books, and catalogues of books, 
are particularly interesting to the student of literary history. 

- Brugkeri (Jacobi.)^ — Historia Critica Philosophiae, 

a Mundi incunabulis ad nostram usque aetatem de- 

ducta, 6 tom. 4to, Lipsiae, 1767. 

The author of this learned work published a compendium 
of it in Svo, which has frequently been reprinted in Germany. 
A most valuable abridged translation of Brucker's original 
work was published in 3 vols, quarto, by "the late Rev. Dr. 
Enfield, intituled " The History of Philosophy, from the 
earliest times to the beginning of the present (18th) centuryi 
drawn up from Brucker's Historia Critica Philosophisei" Lon- 
don, 1791. It has lately- been reprinted, page for page, at 
Dublin, in two very thick octavo voluiftes. 



412 NOTICE OF WORKS 

Crenii (TnoMiE.) — De Furibus Literariis I)issertatio 
Epistolica, 12rao. Lug. Bat. 1716. 
A rare and valuable work. 

Denina. — Discorso sopra le vicende della Letteratu- 
ta, dall' abate Carlo Denina. Torino, 1792, 3 torn. 8vo. 

A French translation of this work, says Peignot, appeared 
in 1786, in 2 vols. 8vo; another French translation from the 
second Italian edition (printed at Glasgow^ in 1763) was pub. 
lished at Paris in 1767 : an English translation of this edition 
was published at London in 1771. It is an interesting outline 
of the revolutions which literature has sustained. 

D'IseaeLi. — Curiosities of Literature ; consisting oi 
anecdotes, characters, sketches, and observations, lite- 
rary, critical and historical. By J. D' Israeli) 8vo. 
2 vols. 1807. 

The first volume was published anonymously in 1791, an( 
had a very rapid sale : the second appeared in 1793. Thi 
numerous editions, which have since been printed, amph 
attest the value of this instructive and amusing work on lite 
rary history and criticism. 

Goguet; — De I'Origine des Loix, des Sciences e 
des Arts, et de leurs Progres chez les anciens Peuples 
Par M. le President de Goguet, 3 torn. 4to, Paris 
1758, with plates. 

It has been printed several times, the last edition is that c 
Paris, 1809, in 3 vols. 8vo. An English translation of thj 
learned work was published at Edinburgh many years sinCi 
which is now v^ry scarce and dear. 

HERBELOt.— Bibliotheque Orientale, ou Dictionnair 
Universel, contenant tout ce qui fait connoitre les pei 
pies de I'Orient ; leurs Histoires et Traditions tant fi 
buleuses que veritables, leurs Religions et leurs Sectes 
leurs Gouvernemens, politiques, loix, moeurs, coi 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. 413 

tumes et les Revolutions de leurs Empires ; les Arts et 
les Sciences, la tibeologie, medecine, mythologie, magie, 
physique, morale, mathematiques, histoire naturelle, 
chronologie, geographie, observations astronomiques, 
grammaire et critique ; les vies de leurs Saints, Philo- 
sophes, Docteurs, Poetes, Historiens, &c. Des Juge- 
mens Critiques et des Extraits de leurs Livres. Par M. 
d'Herbelot, et continuee par MM. Visdelou et Galand. 
AlaHaye, 1777 — 1779, 6 vols. 4to. 

An excellent edition of an esteemed work, which was first 
published by the author, at Paris in 1697, folio. Purchasers 
of this work should ascertain that the fourth volume con- 
tains the additions of H. A. Schultens, which were nol pub- 
lished until 1782. They are numbered from pages 681 to 
764 inclusive. 

Heumanni (Chr. Aug.) — Conspectus reipublicae 
litterariae, sive via ad Historiam litterariam juventuti 
studiosse aperta, 8vo. Editio tertia, Hanoverae, 1733. 
The first edition of this work appeared in 1718. 

KoENioii (Georgii Matthi^.)— Bibliotheca Vetus 
et Nova, in qua Hebraeoruni, Chaldaeorum, Syrorum, 
4jrabum, Persarum, ^gyptiorum, Graecorum et La- 
tinorum, per universum terrarum orbem Scriptorum 
patda, aetas, nomina, et libri summa diligentia, a prima 
n:xundi aetate ad anniun 1678, ordine alphabetico recen- 
seotur. Altdorfi, 1678, folio. 

A book which is noticed here to put the reader on his 
guard : it promises much, but is miserably deficient in the 
performance : Morhof concludes his censure, not more severe 
than jiislj of Konig's work, in the following terms : " Historia, 
quae breviter annectitur, nonnunquam de viris doctis-, falsa 
est : libri affinguntur quibusdam, de quibus nunquam forte 
illi cogitarunt : Omnia manca sunt et mutila"- ****. Morhof, 



414 NOTICE OF WORKS 

Polyhist. torn. I. lib. I. c. xviii. § 15. Konig was a native 
of Altdorf, wliere he died in 1699, aged 84 years. He was 
professor of poetry and of the Greek and Latin languages, 
and librarian of the University of Altdorf. His Bibliotheca 
was criticised by Molkrus, who corrected inost of his numer- 
ous inaccuracies. 

Lambecii (Petri.) — Prodromus Historiae Literariae, 
et Diarium sacri itineris cellensis; accedunt, Alexandri 
Ficheti arcana studiorum, methodus et Bibliotheca 
scientiarum, necnon Wilhelmi Langii catalogus libro- 
rum MSS. Bibliothecaa Medicese, studio Joan. Alberti 
Fabricii, Lipsiae, 1710, folio. 

The first edition of Lambecius's work was printed at Ham- 
burgh, 1659, in folio. . In 1660 he was appointed Rector of 
the University of that city, but being uncomfortably situated, 
he first took refuge in the arms of an opulent but old woman, 
whose wretched temper caused him to abandon his residence. 
He went first to Rome, where he renounced protestantism, 
and thence to Vienna, where he was appointed keeper of the 
Imperial Library. The Diarium above noticed is an account 
of the pilgrimage made by the Emperor Leopold in 1665, 
to a famous monastery, on accovmt of a victory over the 
Turks. Lambecius's catalogue of the Imperial Library is 
noticed infra, Chap. V. Sect, II. 

Meusel (J. G.) — ^Leitfaden zur Geschichte der Ge- 
lehrsamkeit, i. e. A Guide to the History of Literature, 
by John George Meusel, 8vo, 3 vols, in 2. Leipsic, 
1799. 

"We have not," say the Monthly Reviewers, "for a long 
time met with a more useful work than this. It is divided 
into six sections, corresponding with so many periods of 
time, or the different ages of literature. 1. From Moses to 
Alexander the Great, comprising a period of 1198 years. 
2. From Alexander to the death of Augustus, 305 years. 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. ^V 

S. From the death of Augustus to the iiTuption of the Goths 
into Italy, 396 years. 4. From this irruption to the Crusades, 
700 years. 5. From the Crusades to the revival of- letters, 
400 years. And 6. From the revival of literature to the 
present time, 300 years. In each of these periods, M. Meusel 
considers — the general state of their sciences and their cul- 
ture — the encouragers and patrons of science — -the leai^ned 
men who then flourished, and those in particular who formed 
an epoch in the annals of literature — the most remarkable 
schools and societies of learned men — the principal libraries 
■ — ^the state and fortune of particular sciences, and those by 
whom they were influenced. The reader, who is desirous 
of further acquaintance with this valuable work, may con- 
sult the very interesting analysis given of it, in the Ap- 
pendixes to the Monthly Review (N.S.) vols, xxxii,. xxxiii, 
xxxiv, xxxvi, xlv, and xlvi. An'English translation of this 
valuable work would be a most acceptable present to the 
lover of literature. M. Meusel is also editor of the last 
edition of Struvius's Bibliotheca Historica, noticed infra. 

MoRHOFii (Dan. Geo.) — Polyhistor Literarius, phi- 
losophicus, et practicus, cum accessionibus virorum 
clarisslmorum Joh. Frickii et Joh. Molleri. Edidit Job. 
Alb. Fabrichis, ^to, 3 torn, in 2 vols. Lubecae, 1 747. 
(4th edit.) 

The third edition was published at the same place in 1732 ; the 
second in 1714; the first was a single volume in 4to, printed in 
1688, to which an additional part was given in 1693, after 
the author's decease. Morhof was first professor of poetry 
at the University of Rostock, and afterwards of history at the 
University of Kiel, where he died, a martyr to his ardent 
pursuit of literary studies : he wrote several works, biit is 
chiefly known by His Polyhistor, which is now both scarce 
and dear. 
NicERON, ETC. — Memoires pour servir a. I'histoire 
des" hommes illustres dans la republique des lettres, 



*I| KOTICE OF WOIiKS 

avec un catalogue raisonne de leurs oeuvrages. (Par le 
Pere Niceron, le Pere Oudin, J. B. Michaut, et I'abb^ 
Goujet) Paris, 1726 — 45, 43 torn, in 44 vols. l2mo. 

The tenth volume of this work binds in two ; the fortieth con- 
tains the Abbe Goujet's eloge on the industrious Niceron, 
who died in 1730. The latter volumes are sometimes want- 
ing, and the copies which are thus deficient are of little value. 
This work, Peignot remarks, is a copious mine, whence 
Bibliographers and the lovers of literary history have ob- 
tained some good notices and also some errors. It is in fact 
a valuable addition to literary biography, though the style is 
negligent, and no great discrimination is shewn in charac- 
terizing the different persons who are mentioned therein. 
Niceron's researches are, in general, useful, and frequently 
curious. Nouv. Diet. Hist. torn. ix. p. 49. 

Oberun. — Literarum Omnia ^vi fata tabulis synop- 
ticis exposuit Jar. Jac. Oberlinus, Argentorati, 1789* 
oblong 8vo. 

An interesting little work. In a short preliminary discQUj-ge, 
the author gives a synopsis of the nature, use, ancl different 
parts of literary history ; to which succeeds, in ten tables on 
nine oblong leaves, a chronological list of the principal literati 
in every age and country, and of every class, disposed ac- 
cording to the order of subjects. The earliest da1;e is the 
year of the world 1656 (the epoch of the deluge) ; the first 
author noticed is To Hi, Emperor of China ; the latest (J^te 
is A.D. 1789. Peignot, Bib. Universel. p. 309. Diet, de 
Bibliol. torn. iii. pp. 232, 233, in which he gives sonie further 
particulars concerning this work. A book of nearly the 
same description was published at Brunswick, in 1807, 8vo, 
in German, intituled " Alphabetisches namensverzpchnist 
ausgezeichneter mcenner," &c. i. e. An Alphabetical List of 
the most celebrated Authors. 

Keinoldi (JoANNis.)— Historia grgscarum et htU 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. ,417 

narum literarum ; accedit Herodotus de vita Homeri, 
grsece. Etonae, 1752, 4to. 

Of thb work (which is now become rare) only 250 copies 
were printed. 

Saxu (CHE.)^Onomasticon literarium, sive Nomen- 
clator historico-criticus praestantissimorum scriptorum, 
ab orbe condito usque ad saeculi quo vivimus tempora, 
digestus. Editio nova. Traject. ad Rhenum, 1775— 
1803, 

The value of this work has long been established : an octavo 
abridgement of the two first volumes, to the year 1499, was 
printed at Utrecht, in 1792, intituled Epitome Onomastici 
Literarii. Complete copies are not often to be found ; there 
is one in the Library of the London Institution. 

Stanley (Thomas.) — The History of Philosophy ; 
containing the Lives, Opinions, Actions and Discourses 
of the Philosophers of every Sect. 4to. London, 1743. 

This is the best edition of a very valuable work, which is now 
scarce. Stanley was the editor of the beautiful and correct 
^schylus, printed at London in 1663, which has immortal- 
ized his memory. His History of Philosophy was pub- 
lished, in different portions, between the years 16S5 and 
1660. They were collected into one folio volume in 1687. 
The history of Chaldaic philosophy was translated into 
Latin, and published by the celebrated Leclerc, at Amster- 
dam, in 1690, 8vo. The remainder of his w-ork was trans- 
lated into Latin by Godfrey Olearius, and printed in 4to at 
Leipsic, in 1711. 

Stollii (Gottlieb.) — Introductio in Historiam Lit- 
terariam, in gratiam cultorum elegantiorum litterarum 
et philosophise conscripta : magno studio Latine vertit 
et indices adjecit Carolus Henricus Langius. 4to, 
Jena, 1728. 

E £ 



41S NOTICE OF WORKS 

This judicious work was published in German, at Jena, in 
1727 : Stoll has made ample use of preceding writers in the 
different branches of literary history, to the time in which 
he wrote. "" It contains, in a concise and perspicuous ar- 
rangement, an outline of the best critical and philological 
publications in almost every department of philosophy and 
literature." Dibdin's Intro, to the Classics, vol. I. p. xi. 

Struvii (Burcakdi Gottheltii.) — Bibliotheca His- 
toriae litterarise selectas, post variorum emendationes et 
additamenta, opus ita formavit, ut fere novum dici que- 
at, Joannes Fridericus Jugler. Jenae, 1754 — 1763. 
3 vols. 8vo. 

, Supplementa et emendationes ad Biblio- 

thecam litterariam Struvio-Juglerianam, edidit Her. 
F. Koecher, Jenae, 1785, 8vo. 

Struvii (B. G.) — Introductio in notitiam rei litte- 
rariae et usum bibliothecarum, 8vo, 5th edit. Frank- 
fort and Leipsic, 1729, in 8vo. A sixth edition of the 
same work was published at Frankfort by J. C. Fischer, 
in 1754, 2 vols, 8vo, 

Struvius was ptofessor of law at the University of Jena, 
and one of the most indefatigable writers of his day. Be- 
side the above-mentioned works, he published several others 
relative to law, antiquities and history ; he is most known by 
his Bibliotheca Historica Selecta, a bibliography of historical 
writers, of which a new and very greatly enlarged edition is 
in progress, under the auspices of M. Meusel. Eleven vo- 
lumes 8vo, in 23 parts, have already appeared at Leipsic> 
(1782— 18Q4); and the work. will be completed in thirty or 
thirty-si;c volumes. 



ON LITERACY HISTORY. 419 

SECTION II. LITERARY HISTORY IN PARTICULAR. 

§ 1. Writers on British Jjiterary Histori/, 

AiKiN. — The Lives of John Selden, Esq; and Arch- 
bishop Usher, with notices of the principal English - 
Men of Letters, with whom they were connected. By 
John Aikin, M.D. 8vo, London, 1812. 

Bale. — Scriptorum Illustrium Majoris Britannias, 
quam nunc Angliam et Scotiam vocant, Catalogus, a 
Japheto per 3618 annos usque ad A.D. 1557. In quo 
antiquitates, origines, annales, loca, successus, cele- 
brioraqiie cujusque scriptoris, facta, recerisentur. Auc- 
tore Joanne Baleo, folio. Basilese, 1557, apud Joannem 
Oporinum. 

This first edition contained only nine centuries of writers ; 
a second was published at Basil in 1559, with five additional 
centuries, making in the whole fourteen. Bale was Bishop 
of Ossory, in Ireland ; where his zeal against popery ex- 
posed him to considerable personal danger. He escaped 
from Dublin with difficulty, and diiring the reign of Mary 
he resided abroad : on the accession of Elizabeth, he re- 
turned to England, and was appointed one of the Prebends 
of Canterbury, where he died in 1563. The work is com- 
piled from various authors, but chiefly from the labours of 
the eminent antiquarian John Leland (see page 427, infra.) 
.Though it must be admitted that Bale's " intemperate zeal 
often carried him beyond the bounds of decency and can- 
dour in his accounts of the papists," yet, hi« sufferings may 
furnish some apology for his acrimony : with considerable 
allolvinces for the strong bias of pai'ty zeal, his biographical 
work may still be read with advantage. Granger's Biog. 
Hist. vol. I. p. 139 (4th edit.) Aikin's Gen. Biog. vol. I. 
p. 541. 

E E 2 



420 NOTICE OF WORKS 

Ballard. — ^Memoirs of several Ladies of Great Bri- 
tain, who have been celebrated for their writings or 
skill in the learned languages, arts, or sciences. By 
George Ballard. 4to. London, 1752. (Reprinted in 
8vo, in 1775.) 

Mr. Ballard was an extraordinary person : being of a weakly 
constitution, his parents placed him in the shop of a stay- 
maker, and in this situation be acquired a knowledge of Saxon 
literature. The time appropriated to this purpose was stolen 
from sleep after the labour of the day was over. Lord Ched- 
worth, and the gentlemen of his hunt, who used annually 
to spend a month during the season at Campden, Glouces- 
tershire, (the place of his nativity and residence,) hearing of 
his fame, generously offered him an annuity, of 1001., but 
he modestly told them that sixty pounds were fully su£Scient 
' to satisfy both his wants and his wishes. On this he retired 
to Oxford, for the benefit of the Bodleian Library : and Dr. 
. Jenner, the president, appointed him one of the eight clerks 
of Magdalen College. He was afterwards chosen one of the 
university beadles, and in consequence of his too intense ap- 
plication to literature, he closed a short life of study in June 
1755. A large collection of his epistolary correspondence 
is preserved in the Bodleian Library. Mr. Ballard published 
only the " Memoirs" above-mentioned ; it is a work of great 
research and entertainment (Nichol's Lit. An. vol. II. pp. 
466 — i70.) and comprises notices of the lives and writings 
of sixty-two Ladies, chrorwlogically arranged, from the 
fourteenth century to his own time. 

Bekkenhout. — Biographia Literaria; or, a Bio- 
graphical History of Literature : containing the Lives 
of Scottish, English and Irish Authors, from the dawn 
of letters in these kingdoms, to the present time. Chro- 
nologically and classically arranged. Vol. I. from the 
beginning of the fifth to the end of the sixteenth cen- 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. 431 

tary. By John Berkenhout, M.D. 4to, Londqn, 
1777. 

Three more vohimes were designed to complete this useful 
work, which, from some circumstance or other, have never 
been published. It is divided into nine parts, including the 
hves of authors, in the following order: — Historians, Di- 
vines. Lawyers, Poets, Philosophers and Mathematicians ; 
Grammarians, Politicians, Travellers and Miscellaneous 
Writers. The lives in each class are chronologically dis<- 
posed, but necessarily' brief. " The main circumstances, 
however, appear to be judiciously selected, and the list of 
the several authors' works form a very considerable and use- 
ful part of the compilation. The lives are accompanied, 
but not overwhelmed, with explanatory notes." Monthly 
Review, Old Series, vol. Ivii. p. 195. 

BiOGRAFHiA Beitannica: or, the Lives of the most 
eminent Persons, who have flourished in Great Britain 
and Ireland, from the earliest ages to the present time, 
folio, 7 vols. London, 1747 — 1766. 
A second edition of this valuable and national work was com- 
menced by the late Dr. Kippis and others : five volumes only 
(1778 — 93) have been published, death having terminated 
tlie labours of the learned editors. It is necessary to have 
both editions. 

BoswELL. — The Life of Samuel Jduison, LL.D. 
comprehending an account of his studies and numerous 
works in chronological order ; a series of his epistolary 
correspondence and conversations with many eminent 
persons ; and, various original pieces of his composition 
never before published. The whole exhibiting a view 
of literature and literary men in Great Britain, for 
near half a century, during ;yvhich he flourished. By 
James Boswell, Esq. 8vo, 4 vols. London, 1807. 
(Fifth edition, revised and augmented.) There is also another 
edition in 5 vols, royal 18mo, (London, 1811.) 



432 N0TIC3E OF WORKS 

Campbell. — An Introductioa to the History of 
Poetry in Scotland, from the beginning of the thir- 
teenth century, down to the present time. By Alex- 
ander Campbell, 4to, Edinburgh, 1 7.98, 2 vols. 
The second volume consists of ' Sangs <jf the Lowlands of 
Scotland.' 
Catalogue. — A New Catalogue of Living English 
Authors : with complete lists of their publications, and 
biographical and literary memoirs, 8vo, vol. I. Lon- 
don, 1799. 

This useful work was to have been completed in six volumes, 
the first of which only has been published. Two other 
anonymous catalogues of living authors have appeared : one 
in 1762, intituled " An Historical and Critical Account of 
the Lives and Writings of the living Authors of Great Bri- 
tain and Ireland ; wherein their respective merits are discussed 
with the utmost candour." It is a thin 8vo volume, de- 
fective in execution, and from lapse of time is now become 
useless. The other is a *' Catalogue of five hundred cele- 
brated Authors of Great Britain, now living," 8vo, London, 
1788. A meagre and incorrect work, which we mention 
here, — as chart-makers notice shoals— *o be avoided. Two 
similar works are noticed infra, pp. 428, 429. Proposals were 
issued and information solicited for a new catalogue of liv- 
ing authors, to be published early in 1814, which has not 
yet made its appearance. 

Cumberland. — rMemoirs of Richard Cumberlatnd, 
written by himself; containing an account of his life 
and writings, interspersed with anecdotes and charac- 
ters of several of the most distinguished persons of his 
time, with whom he had intercourse and connexion, 
4tQ, London^ 1806. 

To complete this edition, an Appendix (published in 1807) 
should be added. Second edition, 8vo, 2 vols. London, 
1807. 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. 423 

DiMPSTSft. — Scotorum Scriptorum Nomenclattira, 
<qt(£trtu£a aucta — Saneti — Beati — Papse- — -Cardinales — 
Patf iarchae — Reges aut Regum Liberi — Apostoli G^n- 
tivaa — Moaasteriorum extra Scotiam fundatores-^Ar- 
chiepiscopi et Episcopi — Abbates extra Scotiam — Aca- 
demiarum fiittdatores^ — Viri, domi, et tota passim Eu- 
ropa, omni scientiarum genera illustrissimi. Hasretici 
pauculi confutantur. Ex suis historiarum lib. xix. ex- 
ceipsit Thomas Dempsterus. Bononiae, 4t05 1622* 
A work of rare occurrence, but not to be read without very- 
considerable caution. Its author, Thomas Dempster, was a 
native of Scotland, remarkable for his profound learning and 
astonishing memory. He first taught classical literature at 
Paris, afterwards obtained a professor's chair at Nismes, and 
ultimately at Bologna, where he died in 1625. (Biog. Brit.) 
He was author of various works, in which (it has been ob- 
served) his judgment was by no means equal to his erudition. 
He has been censured alike by Protestants and Roman Catho- 
lics, for his partiality to his country, which was so gross, 
that he attributed to its natives, nearly all the books com- 
posed by English, Welsh^ and Irish authors, and even foJged 
the titles of books never pubUshed, in order to exalt the 
glory of his native country. 

D'IsRAEM. — ^^Calamities of Authors ; including some 
inquiries respecting their moral and literary characters. 
By the Author of the Curiosities of I^iterature (J. 
D'Israeli) 8Vo, 2 vols. London, 1812. 

Two volumes of the Quarrels of Authors are announced, to 
conipiete this amusing collection of literary anecdotes:— 
'*" That it will tend to meliorate the concfition of authors, or 
deter a single young man, of scribbling propensities, from 
rushitig into a profession so unprofitable, is rather to be hoped 
than e.Ypected." (Brit. Crit. vol. xl. p. Xii.) 

DuNTroN.— The Life and Errors of Mr. John fiun- 



424 NOTICE OF WORKS 

tOHj late citizen of London ; written by himself in soli- 
tude. With an idea of a new life, wherein is shewn 
how he'd think, speak, and act, might he live over his 
days again: intermixed with the new discoveries the 
author has made in his travels abroad, and in his private 
conversation at home. Together with the lives and 
characters of a thousand persons now living in London, 
&c. 8vo, London, 1705. 

John Dunton was for twenty years a successful bookseller at 
London, in the close of the seventeenth century ; but failing 
in his business, he commenced author and wrote various 
publications. He is, however, best known by the work 
above-mentioned. " This genuine and simple narrative of 
his own history is a very curious performance and abounds 
in literary history of an interesting nature." {Nicholas Lit. 
An. vol. ii. p. 76.) Mr. N. has given a copious- account of 
this eccentric character ; many amusing extracts from whose 
' Life and Errors' appear in the different volumes of the 
" Literary Anecdotes of the eighteenth century." A copy 
of Dunton's book is in the Library of the Royal Institution. 

Ellis. — Specimens of the Early English Poets, to 
which is prefixed an historical sketch of the rise and. 
progress of the English poetry and language. By 
George Ellis, Esq. 8vo, 3 vols. London, 1803. 

Ellis. — Specimens of the Early Enghsh Metrical 
Romances, chiefly written during the early part of the 
fourteenth century; to which is prefixed an historical 
introduction, intended to illustrate the rise and progress 
of romantic composition in France and England. By 
George Ellis, Esq. 8vo, 3 vols. London, 1805. 

Granger. — A Biographical History, from the reign 
of Egbert to the Revolution; consisting' of characters 
disposed in different classes, and adapted to a methodi- 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. 425 

cal catalogue of engraved British heads. Intended as 
an essay towards reducing our biography to system, 
and a help to the knowledge of portraits. Interspersed 
with a variety of anecdotes, and inemoirs of a grefat 
number of persons not to be found in any other biogra- 
phical work. With a preface, shewing the utility of 
an engraved collection of portraits, to supply the defect 
arid answer the various purposes of medals. By the 
Rev. J. Granger, vicar of Shiplake, in Oxfordshire, 
8vo, 4 vols. London, 1804. 

A continuation of this valuable work was published by tbe 
Rev. Mark Noble, in 1806, in three volumes 8vo, the ma- 
terials of which were supplied by Granger's MSS. and the 
editor's collections. The first edition of this work appeared 
in 2 volumes 4to, 1769, a third or supplemental volume in 
1775. It is divided into ten classes, in the course of which 
many interesting anecdotes relative to literary men are intro- 
duced. To complete this work should be added " Letters be- 
tween the Rev. James Granger and many of the most eminent 
literary men of his time ; composing a copious history and 
illustration of his Biographical History of England," 8vo, 
London, 1805. This volume was edited by Mr. J. P. Mal- 
colm, from the original letters, and illustrates Granger in 
varioua particulars. Large paper copies of the Biographical 
History are dear : in Messrs. Longman and Co.'s " Cata- 
logue of rare, curious, and valuable Books," (No. 402.) is a 
large paper copy of the last 8vo edition, in 14 vols., illustrated 
with upwards of five hundred and fifty portraits and heads, 
many of which are scarce, some fine family groupes, &c. 
comprising heads of the kings, queens, clergy, warriorsi 
and a number of ecceiitric characters. — Price .£45 ! 

A work, somewhat similar to Granger's, but without any bio- 
graphical sketches, was published in 1793, by Mr. H. Brom- 
ley : it is intituled, " A Catalogue of Engraved British Por- 



426 NOTICE OF WORKS 

traits, from Egbert tlie Great to the present time, eonsktin^ <tf 
the effigies of persons in every walk of human life," &c. &(i. 
4to. It is methodically disposed into nine periods ; which 
(as in Granger) are divided into ten classes of portraits, ac- 
cording to the situation or profession of the persons ; and the 
individuals' names are alphabetically placed in each class. 
To the collectors of prints, and those who are desirous of 
illttstrating historical or biographical works, the volumes of 
Granger, Noble, and Bromley, present every requisite in- 
formation. 

An useful little work, compiled from the preceding, has re- 
cently been published, intituled, ' The Amateur's Pocket 
Companion ; or, a Description of scarce and valuable en- 
graved British Portraits ; also of the rare or curious Books, as 
mentioned in the works of Granger, Bromley, Noble,' &c. 
Alphabetically arranged, with Notes, by J. M. Flindall, 
13mo, London, 1813. The book is divided into two parts ; 
the first containing the catalogue of portraits, arraiiged Cin- 
der the letters of the alphabet ; and the second part exhibit- 
ing the titles of the works, in which rare and curious por- 
traits are mentioned. 

Henky. — The History of Great Britain from the 
first invasion of it by the Romans under Julius Caesar, 
written on a new plan. By Robert Henry, D.D. Lon- 
don, 180S, 12 vols. Svo. 

Dr. Henry's work was terminated by his death, when he had 
written as far as the reign of Henry VIII. It was continued 
on the same plan in two Svo volumes by Mr. J. P. Andre#s, 
to the accession of James II. of Scotland to the Crown of 
England. Each book in these two works is divided into 
seven chapters, which do not carry on the thread of history 
in succession ; but all the seven chapters of the same book 
begin at the same point of time, run parallel to one another. 
Each chapter presents the reader with the history of one par- 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. , 427 

object : tbe fourth and fifth chapters of eich book 
'the history of literature and the arts, both ornamental 
easing. When read in continuance, they ,pr£sent a 
e history of British knowledge for the time, and on 
count the works are here noticed. Dr. Henry fell, a 
of literary hatred and conspiracy, of which the reader 
d an affecting narrative" in D' Israeli's Calamities of 
s, vol. II. pp. 49—74. 

DESFORD. — The Lives of those eminent Anti- 
John Leland, Thomas Hearne, and Anthony 
i; with an authentic account of their respective 
3 and publications, from original papers. In 
are occasionally inserted memoirs, relating to 
iiinent persons, and various parts of literature, 
Huddesford. Svo, Oxford, 1772, 2 vols. 

pies of this work occur, but rarely, on large paper : 
ins an interesting account of the lives, connexions 
blications of those eminent men, to whose researches 
history, antiquities and literature are greatly indebted. 

SON.— The Lives of the most eminent English 
with critical observations on their works. By 
Johnson, LL.D. A vols. Svo, London, jlSlO ; 
ming yols. 9, 10 and 11 of the Doctor's works, 

^G. — The Lives of the Scotish Poets, with pre- 
Y dissertatidns on the literary history of Scot- 
nd the early Scotish drama. By David Irving, 
WO, 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1804. 
ND. — Commentarii de Scriptoribus Britannicis, 
Joanne Lelando, Londinate, 8vo, 2 vols. 
17.09. 

rt of this work was transcribed by Bale in his Scrip- 
3riiannite Catalogm (see page 419, supra). In Au- 
Antii^mties of gSinrey, (vol. III. p. 241.) this edition 



428 .NOTICE OF WORKS 

is said to be full of the grossest errors, as well as the largest 
omissions. Biog. Brit. vol. V. p. 2916, note {N.) 

Literary Memoirs of Living Authors of Great 
Britain, arranged according to an alphabetical cata- 
logue of their names, and including a list of their 
works; with occasional opinions upon their literary 
characters. 8vo, 2 vols. London, 1798. 
An useful work, to the time when it was published : its author 
appears to have been better qualified for his undertaking than 
any of his predecessors. Many, however, of the Literati, 
who were then Uving, have ceased to instruct the public by 
their labours. 

Nichols. — Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth 
Century, comprising Biographical Memoirs of William 
Bowyer, printer, F.S.A. and many of his learned 
friends ; an incidental view of the progress and ad- 
vancement of literature in this kingdom during the last 
century, and biographical anecdotes of a considerable 
number of eminent writers and artists. By John 
Nichols, F.S.A. 7 vols. 8vo, London, 1812 — 13. 

The seventh volume contains a most copious and v^uable in- 
dex ; and an eighth is announced, to complete this treasure 
of literary history. The first edition was a brochure of 52 
pages, Svo, 1778, of which the veteran author, Mr. Nichols, 
printed only twenty copies, for private distribution : the 
second edition was published in 4to, in 1782, and had long 
been exceedingly scarce, when the work was republished in 
its present greatly enlarged and improved state. What Maty 
said of the 4th edition in the first volume of his New Review 
is now still more applicable to the work. Its use, " which will 
grow more precious the older it grows, is, that several me- 
morials of works and authors will hereby be preserved, which 
would otherwise have sunk into oblivion ; and that even he, 
who has not time enough to consult the whole, may at any 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. 429 

time satisfy himself of a literary date, or controverted fact, 
by recurring to the Index, which will easily lead him to what 
he wants." 

NicoLSON. — The English, Scotch and Irish Historical 
Libraries ; giving a short view and- character of most 
of our historians, either in print or MSS. With an ac- 
count of our records, law-books, coins, and other mat- 
ters serviceable to the undertakers of a general history 
of England, Scotland, of Ireland. By W. Nicolson, 
late Bishop of Carlisle. 4to, 1776, best edition; folio, 
1736. 
Is a valuable work to the students of our national history. 

Pits. — Joannis Pitsei Angli, S. Theologiae Doctoris, 
Liverduni, in Lotharingia Decani, Relationum His- 
toricarum de rebus Anglicis, Tomus primus. 4to, Paris, 
1619. 

The running title of this work is, De Illustrihus Anglite Scrip- 
torihus, by which it is most frequently quoted : it is part of 
a large work which Pits had written on the lives of the king's 
bishops, apostolical men, and writers of England. He has 
transcribed much from Bale (see p. 419) ; is by no means 
impartial ; and, like Bale, has multiplied both books and 
authors, by setting down the diilerent chapters or articles 
of the same work, for so many different books. Wood's Athens 
Oxf. vol. I. coL 405—406. 

Reuss. — An Alphabetical Register of all the Authors 
actually living in Great Britain, Ireland, and in the 
United Provinces of America, with a catalogue of all 
their publications, from 1770 to 1790. By Jeremiah 
David Reuss. 8vo, 2 vols. Berlin, 1791. Supplement 
to the same, 1790—1793, 8vo, 2 vols. Berlin, 1804. 

This work is executed, says Peignot, after the plan of M. 
Ersch's FTance Idtteraire : it is said in a very respectable 



430 NOTICE OF WORKS 

Literary Journal of our own country, to be the best of the 
three catalogues of living authors extant. • (Brit. Crit. vol. 
xi. p. 213.) 
Tanneri (Thoma?, episeopi Asaphensis). — Biblio- 
theca Britanno-Hibernica; sive, de Scrip*oribus, qui 
in Anglia, Scotia, et Hibernia, ad saeculi xvii. initiuifl 
floruenint, literarum ordine juxta familiarum nomina 
dispositis, Commentarius. fol. Lond. 1748. 
This learned work contains an account of the English, Scotch 
and Irish writers, compiled not only from Leland,' Bale atrd 
Pits, but also from numerous other authorities both printed 
and MS. It was edited after Bp. Tanner's death by Dr. 
Wiikins. ' 

RiTSON. — Bibliographia Poetica : a Catalogue of 
English Poets, of the, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, with a short account 
of their works. By Joseph Ritson, crown 8vo, Lon- 
don, 1812. 

'' To the labours of the late Mr. Hitson the lovers of English 
literature must owe perpetual obligation :" in this volume he 
has brought to notice numerous poets, whose names and 
works would otherwise have perished in oblivion. 

Walpoie. — Catalogue of the Royal and Noble Au- 
thors of England, Scotland and Ireland. By Horatio 
Walpole (Earl of Orford) 4to, in vol. I. of his works. 

The first edition of this amusing work which appeared was 
printed at Strawberry Hill in" 1758; in two volumes, 8Vo. 
(300 copies.) It was republished in 1803, in five 8vo vols. 
by Mr. Park, who has enlarged the work with much valu- 
able information, arranged it chronologijcally, and continued 
it to the present time. It is ornamented withil50 portraits, 

Wabton. — The History of English Poetry, from 
the close (rf the eleventh to the commencement of the 



ON LITERARY HISTORY. 431 

eighteenth century. By Thomas Warton, D.D. 4to, 
S vols. (wi£h fragment of vol. IV. and an Jndex,) Lon- 
don, 1775, 1778, 1781, 1806. 

A new edition of this instructive and amusing work is said to 
be preparing' by Mr. Park. 

Wood. — Athenae Oxonienses : an exalct History of 
all the Writers and Bishops, who have had their edu- 
cation in the most antient and famous University of 
Oxford, By Antony Wood, M.A. folio, 2 vols. Lon- 
don, 1721. 

The first volume of a new edition of this work in 4to, has re- 
cently been published by Mr. Bliss : who has enriched it with 
valuable notes upon his author. Notwithstanding the nar- 
rowness of his mind and the violence of his prejudice, An- 
tony Wood's work has long borne a high character. 

Wordsworth. — Ecclesiastical Biography, or Lives 
of eminent men connected with the history of Rieligion 
in England, from the commencement of the Reforma- 
tion to the Revolution. Selected and illustrated with 
notes. By Christopher Wordsworth, A.M. (now D.D.) 
8yo, 6 volumes, London,, 1810. 



§ 2. Writers on Foreign Literary History. 

Agostini (Giovanni.) — Notizie Istorico-critiche in- 
torno la vita e le Opere degli Scrittori Vineziani. Uq, 
2 torn. Venice, 1752. 

AiMEKiCHii (MatthJei.) — Spcfcimen veteris Romanse 
Literaturse deperditae , vel adhuc latentis; sen Syllabus 
historicus e^ criticus Veterum olim Notae Eruditionis 
Romanorum, ab urbe condita ad Hohorii Augusti ex- 



432 WRITERS ON FOREIGN 

cessum, eorum inprimis quorum Latina opera vel om- 

nino, vel ex parte desiderantur. 2 parts in one volume, 

8vo, Ferrara, 1 784. 

" There is a great mass of erudition in this work, which is de- 
signed to give an idea of Roman literature from the foundation 
of the city to the death of the Emperor Honorius. In a cu- 
rious preface, a friend of the author (perhaps the author him- 
self) under the fictitious name of Q. Moderatus Censorinus, 
gives an idea of the manner in vehich the Romans lived, both 
in the capital and in the provinces, during this long period. 
The historical and literary syllabus contains, under nine ar- 
ticles, a variety of literary matters : in the first, the Abbe 
Aimerich gives us brief notices and a critical review of the an- 
tient Roman writers, both Pagan and Christian, whose works 
were extant in public or private libraries before the death of 
the Emperor Honorius. In the second we have the titles and 
subjects of several works which have been lost, but which have 
been cited or Indicated by cotemporary writers, or writers, 
nearly such, whose testimonies are related by our author. The 
third contains accounts of the most celebrated public and pri- 
vate libraries that were known at Rome before the death of 
Honorius; and in the fourth we have the author's enquiries 
concerning the pronunciation of the Romans, their manner 
of writing, either with or without the letters of the alphabet, 
and the changes which took place in their orthography. In 
the fifth, the Abbe treats of the magistracies that could not 
be obtained, either at Rome or in the provinces but by men 
of letters ; as also of rites and sacrifices, of luxury, riches, 
public shows, &c. In the sixth he gives his particular opinion 
concerning the antient literature of the Romans, and the 
mixture of Latin and Greek languages, which they employed 
both in their conversation and in their writings. The seventh 
contains an indication of the principal heresies that disturbed 
the Church, from the time of the apostles to that of Hono- 



LITERARY HISTORY, 433 

rius ; and the eighth, several memorable facts and maxims 
not generally known^ which belong to the literary, civil, 
military, and ecclesiastical history of this period. In the 
tioncluding article, the Abbe takes notice of the Latin works 
which had been lost for' a considerable time, and shews how 
and by whom they were first discovered." (Monthly ReVi«fw, 
Old Series, vol. Ixxiii. p. 489.) M. Aimerich is the author of 
another learned work, intituled: 
Novum Lexicon, historicum et criticum, antiqusp Ro* 

manse Literaturap deperditse, vel latentis, ac Romanorum 

eruditorum, &c. 8vo, Bassano, 1787. 

Antonio (Nicolai) Bibliotheca Hispana vetUs ; sive 
Hispani Scriptores, qui' ab Octaviani Augusti sevo ad 
annum ISOOflorueruntjCurante Francisco Pefezio Bay- 
erio, qui et prblogiim et auetoras vitse epitomen et notu- 
las adjecit. Madrid, 1788. 2 vols, folio. 

Bibliotheca Hispana nova, sive Hispanorum 

Scriptorum, qui ab anno 1500 ad 1684 flpruerunt, no- 
titia. Madrid, 1788. 2 vols, folio, 
An{onio was a Knight of the order of St. James, canon of Se- 
ville (where he was born in l^i7)» apd agent for the king of 
Spain at Rome : he died in 1684. The first ^tion of bis 
"'Mihliotheca Hispana nova was printed at Rome in 1673 : the 
Bibliotheca Hispana vetus was first printed at !^ome under 
the inspection pf his friend tlie Cardinal Aguirre, in 1696, 
twelve years after the author's death. Both these works are 
of rare occurrence, and e^teeojed for thpir correctness : a 
copy pf them is in tjie library of the London Institution. 

Belii (Matthj,^) Exericitatjp de vetere ; litteratura 

Hunnof Scythica, seu die litterarum origine et de litteris 

Hunno-Scythicjis. lipsiae, 1718, 4to, with plates. 

This, says Peignot, is a learned work. BeliUs was a native of 

Httngsiry, fo^rn in 1684, and died in 1749. He wrote se- 

F F 



434 WRITERS ON FOREIGN 

veral works on the history of his country, all of which are 
esteemed, 

Bermudez. — Diccionario historico de los mas illustres 
professores de las bellas-artes en Espana, compuesto por 
don Juan Augustin Bermudez, y publicado por la real 
academia di san Fernando. Madrid, 1800, et seq. 6 vols. 
8vo. 

A work replete with numerous researches, made throughout 
■Spain,' concerning the monuments relative to the fine arts. 
The sixth volume contains the supplements to the former 
volumes. 

BouTERWEK. — Histoire de la Litterature Espagnole, 
traduite de I'AUemand de M. Bouterwek, Prbfesseur a 
rUniversite de Gottingue. Paris, 1812. 2 vols. 8vo. 
M. Bouterwek is one of those Professors of the University of 
Gottingen, who some years ago undertook to give a view of 
the state of literature and the arts of modern Eurbpe, from- 
the revival of literature to the end of the eighteenth century. 
The work was undertaken at the suggestion and under the 
auspices of Professor Eichorn ; who, in 1796 and 1799, pub- 
lished {in German) a " General History of the Civilization 
and Literature of Modern Europe." Gottingen, 2 vols. 8vo. 
In this important labour, the history of antient philology was 
assigned to M. Heeren ; that of philosophy to M. Buhle, 
the able editor of Aristotle's works ; Sacred Criticism to M. 
Meyer ; Natural Philosophy to M. Fischer ; the Progress of 
the Mathematical Sciences was imdertaken by M. Kastner, 
and that of Modern Literature by M. Bouterwek. (Pref. 3, 
3.) From this last work M. Guinguene selected and abridgfed 
his Histoire Litteraire d'ltalie: to the success of this work' 
we owe the present translation of Bouterwek's valuable His-' 
tory of Spanish Literature. 

Crescimbeni. — CoHunentarj intorno all' Istoria deUa 



LITERARY HISTORY. 435 

Poesia Italiana, ne'quali si ragiona d'ogni genere e specie 
de quella, scritta di Gio. Mario Crescimbeni, ripublicati 
da T. J. Mathias. 3 vcds, crown 8vo. 1803. 
The wiginal work of Crescimbeni, intituled, " L';Istoria-deUa_ 
volgar poesia," Venice, 1730-M. 6 vols. 4to, bs^ long and- 
deservedly been esteemed.- Among other interesting mate^ 
rials, it contains six books of Commentaries on the origin and 
different species of Italian Poetry. These Mr. Mathias has 
reprinted in his elegant volumes., 

Denina. — La Prusse Litteraire sous Frederic II., par 
Ch. Denina. Berlin, 1790-1. 3 vols. Svo. 

JPessessarts. — Les Sipcles Litteraires dela France, 
on nouveauI)ictionnaire historique, critique, et bibliogra- 
phique des ecrivains Fran^ais, morts et vivants jusqu'a 
la fin du dix-huitieme siecle; contenant 1°. les principaux 
traits dc la vie des auteurs ; 2^ des notices bibliogra- 
phiques sur les auteurs vivants ; 1' iiidication des difF^r- 
entes editions, &c. Par N. L. M. Dessessarts et plusieurs 
biograpbes. Paris, 1800. 7 vols, 8yo. 

A work of considerable utility : the seventh volume is supple- 
mental to the former volumes. 

Dubois. — 'Essai sur Phistoire litt6raire de la Pologne 
(par M. Dubois). Berlin, Svo, 1778. 

Du Maine et Duverdiek. — Les Biblibtheques Fran- 
coises de La Croix du Maine et de Duverdier, sieur de 
Vauprivas. Nouvelle edition, revue, corrig^e, et aug- 
mentee d'un discours sur le progres des lettres en France, 
et de remarques historiques, critiques et litteraires de La 
Monnoye, du President Bouhier, et de Falconet, par 
Rigoley de Juvigny. Paris, 1772, 6 vols. 4to. 
A general catalogue of authors, who have either written in or 
translated into the French language. Du Maine's work was' 
F F 2 



436 WRITERS ON FOREIGN 

published at Paris, in 1584, folio; and that of Duverdier, at 

Lyons, in the following year. 

EiNARi. — ^Sciagrapliia Historiae Litterarise Islandicae, 
Autorum et Scriptorum turn editorum turn ineditorum 
indicem exhibens, cujus delineandae periculum facit Hal- 
d^nus Eihari, &c. i. e. A Sketch of the literary history 
of Iceland; containing a catalogue of the ^orks, printed 
or in manuscript, which have befen composed by the wri- 
ters of that country, by Halden Eiriari, rector of the 
college of the CatKfedral of Hola. Copenhagen, 1777, 
8vo, 

This work " contains information that is not to be found in any 
•of the former accounts of this country : and the author has 
drawn together in a simall compass materials of consequence, 
that are scattered in a great number of volumes. The antient 
and modern language of the Icelanders — ^their poets before and 
after the reformation — their historians posterior to that pe- 
riod — their natural philosophers, mathematicians, physicians, 
and moralists, their writers in political and rural economy— 
their jurists and theologians, are the subjects treated in this 
work, in six chapters. Each chapter is followed by a table, 
in which the authors are ranged alphabetically, according to 
theirChristian names, as is usual atnong the Icelanders : we 
find also in this table the principal circumstances of the life 
of each writer, the editions of his works, and some anecdotes 
that are interesting and well attested." (Monthly Review, 
O. S. vol. lix. p. 459.) 

Eksch. — La France litteraire, contenant les auteurs 
Francois depuis 1771 a 1796, par J. S. Ersch. Ham- 
bourg, 1797, et seq. 5 vols. Svo. 
Two of which are supplemental. 

Fabricii (Joannis Alberti) Bibliotheca Graeca, sive 
Notitia Scriptorum veterum grsecorum, quorumque mo- 



LITERARY HISTpRY. 437 

numenta integra aut fragmenta edita extant ; turn ple- 
rorumque e manuscriptis ac djeperditis. Editio tertia, 
ab auctore recognita et plurioiis locis aucta, Accessit 
Iiinppdc(clis Sphaera, et Marcelli Sidetaa carmen de me- 
dicamentis e piscibus. Graece et Latine cum brevibus 
notis, Hamburgi, 1716 — 1728. 14- vols. 4to. 

John Albert Fabricius, Professor of Eloquence at Hatnburgji, 
was one of the most learned bibliographers of the last centu- 
ry : the first edition of this work appeared in 1705, the se- 
cond in 1708. The fourth and best edition is that by Harles, 
which contains the inedited supplements of Heuman, Ham- 
burg, 4to, 1790, et seq. Twelve volumes of this new edi- 
tion have been published, comprising the first ten of the old 
edition and part of the eleventh volume. " This incomparable 
work will always be esteemed, as containing an interesting 
account of the treasures of antient learning. We have no- 
thing in our own language whicli can be put in competition 
with it. Fabricius is perhaps.unrivalled in variety of scholastic 
attainments, and in diligence and accuracy of research," Dib- 
din's Classics, vol. I. p. i. 

Fabricii (Jo. Alb.) Bibliotheca Latina, sive Notifia 
auctorum veterum Latinorum, quorumcunque scripta ad 
nos pervenerunt, distributa in libros quatuor. Hamburg, 
1721—22. 3 vols. 12mo. 

This edition was reprinted at Venice in 1738, in two quarto 
volumes, with Fabricius's supplements inserted in their proper 
plaees. The last and best edition is the following : 

Bibliotheca Latina, nunc njelius ^decta, 

r£;ctiu» digesta et aucta, diligentia J. A. Ernesti. Lipsiae, 
1773—1774. Svo, 3 vols. 

Though this edition is disfiguredby typographical errors, and is 
not exempt from bibliographical mistakes, the additions and 
corrections of Ernesti are very valuable. A fourth volume,^ 



438 WRITERS 'ON FOREIGN 

which was to contain the requisite tables, has been repeat- 
edly announced, but has not yet appeared. 

Fabricii (Jo. A:p.) Bibliotheca Latina mediae et iij- 
fimse setatis. Hamburg!, 1734 — 1736, 8vo, vols. 1 — 5. 
Vol. 6. was edited, after the author's death, by Schoettgenius, 
in 1746. The author's names are here disposed alphabeti- 
cally, and each letter of the alphabet forms a distinct book. 
The best edition of tliis valuable work is the following : 

— Bibliotheca Latina mediae et infimae aetatis, 

cum supplemento Christiani Schoettgenii, ex editione et 
cum notis Joannis Dominici Mansi Luccensis. Patavii, 
1754, 6 vols. 4to. 

Fabronii (Angeli) Laurentii Medicis Magnifici 
"Vita. Pisis, 4to, 1791. 

Francisci Petrarchi Vita. Parma, 1799, 

,8vo. 

In these two works, M. Fabroni has thrown considerable light 
on the state of Italian literature : he also published eighteen 
volumes of lives of Italian literati of the 17th and 18th cen- 
turies, in Latin, which we have not yet been able to meet 
with. He was curator of the university of Pisa, where he 
died in 1802: his learning and liberality are handsomely no- 
ticed by Mr. Eoicoe, in the prefaces to his Lives of Lorenzo ' 
de Medicis and Leo X. 

FoNTANiNi. — Bibliotheca dell' eloquenza Italiana da 
Criusto Fontanini, con le annotazioni di Apostold Zeno. 
Venice, 1 753, "i vols. 4to. 

A work deservedly held in the highest estimation : former edi- 
tions are not enriched with the notes of Zeno, which form the 
best part of the work. A copy of this edition is in the li- 
brary of the London Institution. Peignot mentions another 
edition, at Parma, 1804, with some further additions, in two 



,JL,lTJtiKAKY mSTOKY. 439 

volumes, 4lo, and an Index, published in 181 L Giusto Fon- 
tanini, Archbishop of Ancyra, was born in 1666, in the 
duchy of Friulj, and died ait Rome in 1736 : he is also author 
of Historic litteraricB Aquilejensis libri v. Romae, 1743,' 4to. 

FoppENs. — Bibliotheca Belgica, sive virorum in Bel- 
gio vita scriptisque illustrium catalogus, librorumque 
nomeuclatura, cura et studio Joannis Fr. Foppens. Brux- 
ellis,.1739, 2 vols, 4to. 

In this work, Foppens has availed hiinself of the labours of 
Aubert Mirseus (or Le Mire), Francis Swertius, and Vale- 
rius Andreas on Belgian writers ; and has continued them 
from 1640, where Andreas terminates, to 1680. 

FoscAKiNi. — Delia letteratura Veneziana libri iv, da 
Marco Foscarini. Padova, 1752, folio. 

Greswewl. — Memoirs of Angelus Politianus, Actius 
Sincerus Sannazarius, Petrus Bembus, Hieronymus 
Fracastorius, Marcus Antonius Flaminius, and the 
Amalthei ; translations from their poetical works ; and 
notes and observations concerning other literary charac- 
ters of the 15th and 16th centuries. By the Rev. W. 
Parr Gresswell. Manchester, Svo, 1801. 

An elegantly written and highly interesting work : beside the 
lives of the restorers of literature above mentioned, the notes 
contain interesting accounts of Picus of Mirandula, Marsi- 
lius Ficinus, Leo X., Pomponius Laetus, and other learned 
Italians. 

GuiNGufiNE'.— rHistoire Litteraire d'ltalie par P. L. 
Guinguene, Membre de I'lnstitut de France, &c. Svo. 
Paris, 1811, 3 vols. 

A work of very superior merit : it is to extend to nine volumes. 
For a well-written account of it, see the Critical Review for 

1813, vol. II. ; . ' 



440 WRITERS ON FOREIGN 

Harles (Theod. Christ.)— Introductio in Histo- 
riatn Liftguae Graecae. 8vo, 2 vols. Altetnburgi, 1792 — 
1795. — Supplementtom ad eandem. Jenae, 8vo, 2 vols. 
1804-5. 

Brevior Notitia Litteraturae Graecse, in 

primis Scriptorum Graecorum, ordini temporis accom- 
modata. In usum studiosas juvehtutis. 8vo, Lipsiae, 
■1812. 

A very useful abridgement of the preceding work, corrected 
to the time of publication : on account of Professor Harles's 
distance from Leipsic, this volume was superintended through 
the press by Professor Schaefer. It is correctly printed. 

— -— . — — Introduetio in Historiam Linguae Latinae* 
Lipsiae, 1794, 2 vols. 8vo. 

This vi^ork, says Peignot, vi^as first printed at Nuremberg,- in 
1781 ; and the copies bearing the date of 1794, have only a 
nevif title. The two first parts only of this wofk have ap- 
peared. 

Brevior Notitia Literatures Romanae, in 

primis Scriptorum Latinorum, cum Supplementis. Lip- 
siae, 1789 — 1801. 3 vols. 8vo. 

Of this work Harles himself published an abridgement, under 
the same title, in one volume 8vo, at Leipsic, in 1803. All 
his worics are valuable, and necessary to the bibliographical 
and critical student. They are both scarce and dear in this 
country. 

Harris. — Philological Inquiries, in three Parts. By 

Jtoes Harris, Esq. 8vo, Loiidon, 1781. 

The third part of 'this work contains an interesting view of 

literature during the middle age: it was translated into 

French, under the tide of Histoire Litteraire du mcn/en Age, 

par Ant. Marie-Henri Boulard. 12mo, Paris, 1789. 

HoDY. — De Graecis illustribui!, Linguae Grsecae Li- 



LITERARY HISTORY. 4fl 

terarumque humamoram Instauratoribus, eorumque 
Titis scriptis, et elogiis, libri duo. E. cod. potissimum 
MSS. aKisque authenticis ejusdem sevi monumentis de- 
prompsit Humfredus Hodius. Lond. 1742, 8vo. 

Dr. Hody was Greek Professor at Oxford, where he died in 
1706, and his curious wprk was pubhshed by Dr. Jebb : it is 
divided into two parts, the first of which gives an account of 
those learned Greeks who retired to Italy before the capture 
of Constantinople by the Turks-; and the second, of those 
who wiflidrew thither after that event. This book is seldom 
to; be uaet with : a copy is in the library of the London In- 
stitution. Peignot says, there are some copies on large paper. 
Hody also is the author of a learned book £>e Bibliorum 
Textibus originatibus, Versionibus Grcecis et Vulgatd Latind, 
on the original text, Greek and Latin vulgate versions of the 
Bible, folio, Oxford, 1703. In this work he has reprinted 
his celebrated dissertation against Aristeeas's History of the 
73 Ititerpreters, in which he has completely detected the 
fabulous narrative. 

HuET. — Memoirs of the Life of Peter Daniel Huet, 
Bishop of Avranches : written by himself, and trans- 
lated from the original Latin, with copious notes, bio- 
graphical and criticaJ. By Jdin Aikin, M.D. I^ndipn, 
1810, 2 vols, 8vo. 

Thejiates of Dr. Aikin contain various particidars relative to 
the literary history of the tiine, during v^hich Huet ^u- 
rished. 

An Introduction , to the Literary History of the 
fourteenth and fifteent^i Centuries. 8vo, London, 1 798. 

A small work, but replete with intenesting information relative 
to the state of hterature during ,the -dark ages. 

JoRTiN. — The Life of Erasmus. By the late'Rev. 
John Jortin, ,P.D. ,London, 1808, 3 vols. 8vo. 



443 WRITERS ON FOREIGN 

The first edition of this well-known work appeared in 2 vols. 
.4to, 1758 — 60: under the names of several considerable 
persons, with whom Erasmus was connected or concerned. 
Dr. J. has given concise notices, illustrating the literary his- 
tory of that age. A ' Life of Erasmus, more particularly 
that part of it which he spent in England,' was published at 
Cambridge, in 1726, 8vo. By Dr. Samuel Knight, which is 
frequently referred to by Jortin. 

KoHLii (JoHANNis Petri) Introductio in Histo- 

riam et Rem Literariam Slavorum, imprimis sacram ; 

sive Historia Critica Versio Slavonicarum maxime in- 

signium, nimirum Codicis Sacri et Ephremi Syri, du- 

obus libris absoluta. Altonaviae, 1729, 8vo. 

Peignot has abridged the title of this work, so that it appears 

to be an Introduction to the Literary History of the Transyl- 

vanians : it is in fact the first portion of such a work, but was 

never completed. At the end of his preface, Kohlius has 

given a list of eleven works which he had in contemplation ; 

the last of which is a life of the celebrated astronomer, He- 

velius, to be drawn up from his hterary correspondence, to 

seventeen volumes of which, in Hevelius's own handwritingj 

he had access. This little volume is of great rarity. 

Manetti. — Speciraien Historiae LiterariaB Florentinae 
saeculi decimi tertii ac decimi quarti, sive vitae Dantis, 
Petrarchse, ac Boccacii, a celeberrimo Janotto Ma- 
netto, saeculo xv scriptae, literarumque tam Graecarum 
quajn Latinarum, jam turn resurgentium, incunabula 
exfaibentes, quarum duae nunc in lucem prodeunt, re- 
censente Laurentio Mehus. Florence, Svo, 17S1. 
Manetti was a pupil of Chrysoloras, and one of those illustri- 
ous men who <;bntributed to the revival of hterature in Italy. 
(Month. Rev. O. S- vol. iv. p. 298.) 

MiLLOT and Palaye. — Histoire Litteraire des 



LITERARY HISTORY. 443 

Troubadours, contenant leiirs vies, les extraits de leurs 
pieces, et plusieurs particularit^s, sur les moeurs, les 
usages, et I'histoire du douzieme et treizieme siecles. 
Paris, 1774'j 3 vols. 12mo. 

The materials of this curious work were collected at a great ex- 
peiise, by M. Palaye, who did not live lo prepare them for the 
press : this task devolved on the Abbe Millot, , who has exe- 
cuted it with great judgment, and prefixed a preliminary 
discourse on the Troubadours- An abridged translation was 
pubhshed by Mrs. Dphson some years since, intituled " The 
Literary History of the Troubadours, containing their lives, 
extracts from their works, and many particulars relative to 
the customs, morals, and history of the twelfth and thirteenth 
centuries." The last edition was in 12mo, 1807. 

Negri. — Istoria degli scrittori Fiorentini, da Giulio 
Negri. Ferrara, 1722, fol. 

" This work," says Peignot, " is valuable ; it contains a notice 
of upwards of two thousand Florentine authors, who wrote in 
the five preceding centuries: all their works are cited, 
whether printed or in manuscript, as well as the language 
and subject in which they are composed." 

Palissot. — Memoires pour servir a I'histoire de 
notre Litterature, depuis Francois l"" jusqu'a nos jours, 
par Charles Palissot. Paris, 1803, 2 vols. 8vo. 

PocciAKTii (Mich.) Catalogus scriptorum Floren- 
tinorum omnis generis, quorum et memoria extat, atque 
lucubrationes in litteras relatae sunt ad nostra usque 
tempora 1589; cum additionibus fere 200 scriptorum 
Lucae Ferrinii. Florentiae, Ph. Junctae, 1589, 4to. 

A valuable work, which preserves the memory of several old 
^.writers, who at present are almost unknown ; though many 
of them are not without merit. 

RoscoE. — The Life of Lorenzo de' Medici, called 



444 WRITERS ON FOREIGN 

the Magnificent. By William Roscoe. London, 4to, 
2 vols. 1796; also in 3 vols. 8vo. 

RoscoE. — The Life and Pontificate of Leo the Tenth. 
By WiUiam Roscoe. London, 1806, 6vols. 8vo; also 
in 4 vols. 4to. 

Rossi. — Dizionario storico degli autori ebrei e delle 
loro opere, disteso dal dottore G. B. De Rossi. Parma, , 
dalla reale stamperia, 1802, 2 vols. 8vo. 
M. de Rossi is perhaps the only person among modern literati 
who could engage in such a work ; as his knowledge of He- 
brew literature is uncommon 'and extensive, and he pos- 
sesses a valuable collection of Hebrew books and MSS. The 
Hebrew text is printed in Roman characters, according to 
the Italian pronunciation. (Critical Review, Third Series, 
vol. I. p. 588.) 

Roujoux. — Essai d'une Histoire des Revolutions arri- 
v^es dans les Sciences et les Beaux Arts, depuis les 
temps heroiques jusqu'a nos jours. Par P. G. de Rou- 
joux. Paris, 1811, 3 vols. Svo. 

This is a pleasing sketch of the Revolutions which have taken 
place in the sciences and fine arts. 

Salverte. — Tableau de la Litterature de la France, 
au dix-huitieme siecle, par Eusebe Salverte. Svo. Paris, 
1809. 

ScHOELL. — Histoire Abregee de la Litteratiu'e Grecque, 
depuis son origine jusqu'a la prise de Constantinople 
par les Turcs. Par F. Schoell. Paris, 1813, 2 vols. 8vo. 

This work is among the most recent that have arrived from 
France ; and presents an able sketch of the literary history 
df Greece during the period above noticed. The first volume 
is appropriated to profane literature; in the second sacred 
and ecclesiastical literjiture is discussed. TJie principal edi- 



LITERARY HISTORY. 44$ 

tions of the Greek Septuagint and other New Testaments are 
briefly noticed, with their translations into French : and to 
these succeed the fathers of the church and other Greek 
ecclesiastical writers, to the fifteenth century. Tlie value of 
this useful work would have been increased, if M. Schoell 
had briefly indicated, in his first volume, the principal edi- 
tions of the Greek classic writers. He announces an " His- 
toire Abregee de la Littferature Latine," upon the same pla^h. 
To this gentleman, who unites in his person the double cha- 
racter of author and bookseller, we are indebted for a useful 
Repertoire de la Litterature ancienne, ou Choix d'Auteurs clas- 
siques Grecs et Latins, d'oweritges de critique, d'archeoldgie, 
d'antiquite, de mythologie, d'hisioire, et de geographie anci- 
ennes, itnpriMes en Fmnce et en Altemagne" Paris, 1808, 
3 vols. 8vo. 

Senebier. — Histoire Litteraire de Geneve, par Jean 
Senebier. Gteneve, 1 786, 3 vols. 8vo. 

Among the eminent men who have dignified the rcptiblic of 
Geneva by their residence in it, the illustrious refortner, John 
Calvin, stahds conspicuous. M. Senebier has given an aiiiple 
account of his virtiies and his faults, in his public ministry and 
in his private hfe. " Nfever have we seen judgWent, candour, 
impartiality and careful inquiry more emittehtly display^ 
in any piece of biographical painting, than they are herein 
the portrait 6f this eminent man." Monthly Review, Old 
Series, vol, Ixxv. p. 561. 

SrsMONDi. — De la Litt^ratare du midi de TEuropfe, 
par J. e.L. Sismonde de Sisniohdi. 8vo, vols. i. and iL 
Parisj 1813. 

Two 6thfer volumes are designed to complete this Very inte- 
resting vvork : an Ehghsh trafnslation has beefn announced, 
which has not yet made its appearance. 
Tableau de la Litterature Frari^oise pendant ie dix- 
huitieraeSiede. 8yo, London, 1813. 



446 WRITERS ON FOREIGN 

De la Litterature Fran9oise, pendant le dix-huitieme 
siecle. D'apres la seconde edition de Paris. 8vo, 
London, 1813. 

These publications are reprints of a most able essay on the 
state of iiteraiure in France during the eighleentK century, 
which was published at Paris in 1813. The principles of 
the philosophists are well and clearly exposed.' 

Tablettes Biographiques des E crivains Francois, 
depui$ la renaissance de Lettres, jusqu'a ce jour; le 
lieu, I'epoque de leur naissance, et de leur mort; le 
genre dans lequel ils se sont distingues, leurs produc- 
tions manquantes, les editions estimees et recherchees de 
leurs oeuvres ; par N. A. G. D. B. (De Bray ?) 8vo, 
Paris, 1810, second edition. 

This useful work is' divided into two parts ; the first of which 
comprises the deceased writers ; the second, those living at 
the time of pubhcation. The various particulars indicated 
in the title are briefly given : to the first part is prefixed an 
" Avis de I'Editeur," containing a Ust of the best bibhogra- 
phical works in the French language ; and to the second is 
annexed a list of the principal authors, classed according to 
the faculties in which they wrote. 

Thuea (Albeeti, Laurentii fil.) Idea Historiae 
Litterariae Danorum, in • duas partes divisa ; quarum 
prior Danorum linguam, scholas, gymnasia, academias, 
collegia academica, honores academicos, professores 
studiosos, bibliothecas, bibliothecarios, typographia et 
bibliopolia breviter recenset ; posterior studiorum in 
Dania per duo fere secula posteriora originem, progres- 
sum et fata complectitur. 8vo. Hamburghj 1 723. 

A copy of this very rare Uttle work is marked in Mr, Priest^ 
ley's catalogue for 1814, (No. 6347) at ^111*. 6d. 

TiRABoscHi. — Storia della Letteratura Italiana del 



LITERARY HISTORY. 4'47 

cavallere abate Girolamo Tiraboschi. Seconda edizione 

Modenese. Modena,, 1787^-1 79.4, 9 torn, in 16 vols. 

quarto. 

This work has long held a distinguished rank among the his- 
tories of literature. An abridged translation of it was pub- 
lished in French at Berne, intituled " Histoire de la Ldttera- 
ture d'ltalie, tiree de Tiraboschi, et ahrigeepar Ant. Landi," 
in 1785, 5 \rols. 8vo. That part of Tiraboschi's work, which 
relates to Italian poetry, has been selected and published by 
Mr. Mathias, under the following title: " Staria dellaPoesia 
lialiana, scritta da Girolamo Tiraboschi, tratta della sua 
ffland' opera iruitolata Storia Generate della Lettenutura Ita- 
liana" London, 1S03, in four very elegant crown octavo 
vplumes. Mr. Mathias's work , presents a general view of 
the Italian poetg, with an account of their works, and some 
memoirs of their lives, and divided into centuries, from the 
rise of the Provengal poetry to the year I7OO. 
ToDERiNi. — Della Letteratura Turchesca, dell' Abate 

Giambattista Toderini. Venezia, 1787, 3 torn. Svo. 
De la Litterature des Turcs, par I'Abbe 

Toderini ; traduite de I'ltalien en Fran9ois, par I'Abb^ 

de Cournand. Paris, 1789, 3 vols. 8vo. 

The Abate Toderini resided at Constantinople in the family of 
the Venetian Ambassador (to whose son he was preceptor,) 
from 1781 to 1786, and availed himself of the opportunity 
thus afforded to him, to make extensive researches into the 
literature of the Turks. His work is divided into three gene- 
ral parts ; the first of which treats of the studies of the Turks; 
the second, of their libraries and academies; and the third,. of 
their typography. The last volume concludes with a chro- 
nological table of the Sultans of the Osman race, from the 
year of the Hegira 657 (1258) until the year of the same 
Hegira 1187 (1774) when the Sultan Abd'ul Hamed was 
elected. Both the French and the Italian editions of this work 
are scarce and dear in this country. 



448 WORKS ON THE 

CHAPTER II. 

Writing — Printing. 

SECTION I. 

Authors who have written on the materials used for- writing. 



Breitkopf.— Versuch den ursprung der spiel Karten, 
die ein fiihrung des leinen papers, et den anfeng der 
Holtzschneide Kunst in Europe, &c. i. e. An Essay on 
the origin of Playing Cards, Linen Paper, and the rise 
of carving on Wood in Europe, by John Gotlieb Imma- 
nuel Breitkopf. Vol. I. 4to, 1 784, Leipsic. With seven 
plates. 

Mr. Breitkopf was an eminent printer, type-founder, and book- 
sdler of Leipsic, to whom the typographic art is indebted 
for some valuable improvements. In the volume just men- 
.tioned he treats only on the origin of playing cards and of 
linen paper. The latter part of the work which treats on the 
invention of engraving on wood was finished before his death, 
but has not yet been published. 

GuiLANDiNi (Melch.) Papyrus, seu Commeatarius 
in tria C. Plinii Majoris de papyro capita, recensente et 
summariis atque indicc augente Henrico Salmuth. Am- 
berg, 1613, 8vo. 

The first edition of this work was printed at Venice in 1572, 
4to. Scahger published some Animadversiones in Guilandi/ii 
Commentarium in the Lyons edition of Pliny, 1582, folio. 

KiKCHMAYERi (Sebastiani) Disscrtatio de Papyro 
Veterum. Vittebergae, 1666, 4to. 
8 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 449 

This work, Peignot remarks, is a tasteless and iminethodical 
extract from Guilandinus. 

Koops. — Historical account of the Substances which 
have been used to describe events and to convey ideas' 
from the earliest date to the invention of paper. By 
Mathias Koops. 8vo. London, 1801. 

Mr. ^oops was patentee ,of a process for refabricating paper, 
as well as for making it of straw : since the remarks contained 
in the first chapter of this work were written, the author has 
met with a copy of Mr. Koops's book, printed on strwo) paper. 
It is in the library of the London Institution. A second 
edition is now in our possession : it was printed in 1801 on 
paper re -«zarfe from old printed and written paper ; and the 

'Appendix to the same edition is stated to be printed on 
" paper made from wood alone, the produce of this eoim- 
try, without any intermixture of rags, or any other vegetable 
substance." 

Meermanni (Gerardi) Adraonitio de charts nos- 
fratis, seu lineae, origine. Rotterdam, 1 762, 8vo. 

et doctorum virorum ad eum Epistolae, 

atque observationes de chartae vulgaris seu lineae ori- 
gine, edidit ac praefatione instruxit Jac. van Vaassen. 
Hagas Comitum, 1767, 8vo. 

ScHAEFFEE (J. Christ.) Neue Versuch und Muster, 

etc. i. e. New invention and specimens for making paper 

from every kind of stuiF and the bark of trees. 4to. 3 

parts, Regensburg, 1765-71, with coloured plates. 

With this most curious German work I. am acquainted only 

from the notice given of it by MM. Brunei (tom. ii. p. 453.) 

and Delandine. (Manuscrits de la Bibhoth^que du Lyon, 

tom. i. p. 47.) From the lattdr I learn that M. Schaeffer has given 

various processes for making paper without rags, together 

with specimens of various vegetable papers. Among these 

G G 



450t- WORKS ON THE 

are saihples made from the cotton flowers of the poplar tree, 
wasps' nests, wood-shavings, moss, beech, willow, aspen tree, 
mulberry tree, clematis, and pine tree ; from hemp and hop- 
stalks, the barks of the vine, the leaves of aloes and the lily 
©f the valley; from orach, mugwort, the typhaor reed-mace, 
barley straw, cabbage stalks, the stems of thistles, burdock, 
confervas, maize, and broom, and from Bavarian turf. — 
A few particulars relative t» Dr. Schaeffir's processes are 
communicated in the third volume of Dr. Willich's " Domes- 
tic Encyclopaedia," p. 334—337. 

Unger (Jos. God.) Dissertatio de Papyro frutice, ad 
Esaiae xix. ^,. Lipsiae, 1 757, 4to. 

Wehks. — Von Papier, &c. i.e. On Paper, ajid Sulj- 
stances which, before its invention, served for the pur- 
poses of writing. By G. F. Wehrs. Part I. Htoover, 
1788, 8vo. 

" Mr. Wehr thinks it certain that paper was made of linen, ia 
. 1308. This is a curious work, and cont-ains much interestin<r 
information relative to an article now becomes© important iit 
society." (Analyt. Rev. vol. ii. p. 99.) 



The materials in use for preserving ideas before the inven- 
tion of paper, are noticed incidentally by various authors 
who have treated on writing, as Mr. Astle (on Writing, chap.. 
viii.) Mr.Bruce (on the Papy^ijs, Travels, vol. vii. p. 117-131); 
Fatlier Calmet, (Dissertation sur la matiere et forme des livrea 
anciens, in his Commentary, tom. i. pp. xl — xlvi. folio edit.} 
Count Caylus (on the Papyrus, in Mem. de I'Acad. des In- 
script. tom. xxvi. p. S67, et seq.) ; Montfaacon tPissertation 
stir la plante appellee papyr«s,.sur le papier de I'Egypte, sur le 
papier de coton, &c. Mem. de I'Acad. des Inscr. tom. vi. p. 
593, et seq., and in his Palaeegrapiiia GriEca); Salmasius, in 
his Exercitationes Pliniuna ; De Vaines (Diet, de Diploma- 
tique, torn. i. art. Ecriture,) Mabillon and Maffei in their trea- 
fees on the Diplomatic Art, &c. &c. &c. 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 451 

SECTION II 

Works on the Origin of Language, Letters, and Writing. 

$1. Ovigin of Language. 

Adelung. — Mithridates, . oder AUgeineane Spirachen- 
kunde ; i. e. Mithridates, or a. general -History of Lan- 
guages; with the Lord's Prayer as a specimen, in nearly 
five hundred Languages and Dialects. By J. C. Ade- 
iung, Aulic Counsellor and Professor at Dresden. 8vo. 
vol. I. iBqrIin, L806, vol. II. (continued by Professor 
Vater) 1809 J vol. llL Part 1. 18.12, \lei.lV. 

On this elaborate work the reader will find an able critique in 
the Quarterly Review, No. xix. p. 251 — 293. 

Beattie. — The Theory of Language, in two Parts. 
By James Beattie, I^L J>» E.EjS. and Professor of Moral 
Philosophy and Logic at Aberdeen. 8vo, London^ 1788. 

The first editioa of this treatise appeared in 1783, in a 4to vo- 
lume of Essays. Dr. B. considers both language and the art. 
of writing to have been divinely communicated to mankind. 

BETRGiEti. — Les Elemens primitifs des Langues, de- 
couverts par fes cditipataisons des Racines de I'Hebreu 
avec celles du Grec, du Latin et du Fran^ais, par N. 
S. Bergier. 12mo, Paris, 1764. 

For an account of this learned work, see Monthly Review, 
(O, S.) vol. XXX. pp. 504—514. The Paris edition pf 1801 is 
not held in equal, esteem with t^al of 1764. 

BiBLiANDRi (Theod.) De Ratione Communi omnium 
linguarum et litterarum Gommentarius. 4to, Tiguri, 
1548. : . 

Brekewood." — Enquiries touching the Div'ersity ©f 
G G 2 



45ii WORKS ON THE 

Languages and Religion, through the chief parts of the 
world. By Edward Brerewood. 4to, London, 1614. 
Again in 1622. (A copy of this edition is in the library of the 

London Institution.) A Latin translation of this learned work. 

was published at Frankfort in 1659, 12mo : and a French 

version, by M. de la Montagne, appeared at Paris in 1640, 

8vo. All these editions are now rare. 

CopiNEAU. — Efesai syjithetique sur I'origine et la for- 
mation des Langues. Par M. Copineau. 8vo, Paris, 
1774. 

De Brosses. — Traite de la Formation m^chanique des 
Langues, et des principes physiques de I'EtymoIogie, par 
Charlies De Brosses. Paris, 1765, 2 torn. 12mo. 

This work of the President de Brosses is highly esteemed: the 
reprint of it, made a few years since, is in less request than 
the original edition. 

Denina. — La Clef des Langues : ou observations sur 
Torigine, et la formation des principales langues qu'on 
parle et qu'on ecrit en Europe, par Carlo Denina, Ber- 
lin, 1805, 3 vols. 8vo. 

DuRET. — Le Thresor de I'Histoire des Langues de cet 
univers, par Claude Duret. Cologne, 1613, or Yverdon 
1619, both in 4to, 

These two dates belong to the same edition, the title-page only 
being altered. Duret professes to treat, inter alia, of the lan- 
guages of animals and of angels. Notwithstanding this ab- 
surdity, his work is valuable, and has furnished Dr. Fry 
with several specimens for his Pantographia, noticed infra, 
p. 455. 

Gebelin. — Le Monde Primitif, analyse et compare 
avecle monde moderne. 4to, Paris, 1778 — 1782. 9 
vols, with plates. 



HISTOUY OF LETTERS, ETC. 453 

Gebelin. — Histoire naturelle de la Parole, ou precis 
de I'origine du langage et de la Grammaire Univer- 
selle, extrait du Monde Primitif. Paris, 1776, 8vo. 

Both these learned works (the latter particularly) are very rare 
in England. 

GuicHARD. — Harmonie etymologique des Langues, 
en laquelle, par plusieurs Antiquitez et Etymologic, se 
demontre que tous les langues sont descendues de I'He- 
braique, par Estienne Guichard. Paris, 1618, Svo. 

Henselii (Gothofredi) Synopsis universae philolo- 
giae, in qua unitas et harmonia linguarum totius orbis 
exhibentur. Norimbergae, 174'1, Svo. 

Hervas (D. Lorenzo) Catalogo delle lingue conos- 
ciute, e notizia della loro affinita e diversita. Cesena, 
-1784, 4to. 

. Origine, forraazidne, mecanismo ed ^monia 

degl' idiomi. Cesena, 1785, 4to. 

Vocabulario poliglotto, con prolegomeni sopra 

piu CL lingue. Cesena, 1787, 4to. 

Saggio prattico delle lingue, con pi-olegomeni 

e iwa raccolta di Orazione Dominicali in piu di trecenti 

lingue e dialetti. Cesena, 1782, 4to. 

These works form 17th, ISth, 20th and 2lst volumes of M. 
Hervas' elaborate Idea del Universo, Cesena, 1778—1787, in 
21 vols. 4to. Adelung and his continuator have made liberal 
use of M. Hervas' labours. Brunei states, that the author 
has recast and considerably enlarged his Catalogo delle lingue 
conosdute, and published it (in Spanish) at Madrid. 1800-5, 
in six vols., 4to, Brunet, Manuel, torn. i. p. 529. 

Jones.— -The Origin of Language and Nations, hiero- 
glyphicallyand etymologically defined and fixed, after the 



45i WORKS ON THE 

method of an English, Celtic, Greek and Latin English 
Lexicon. Together with an historical' preface, and hie- 
roglyphical definition of characters, &c. By Rowland 
Jones. 4!to, London, 1764. 

An attempt to prove the Welsh to have been the primeval 
language. See Month. Rev. (O. S.) vol. xxxi. p. 428. 

. Maupektuis. — Reflexions philosophiques sur I'Orj- 
gine des Langues et la Signification des Mots, par Mtv- 
reau de Maupertuis. 12mo, no date. 

Of this extremely rare voluraej Brunei (torn. ii. p. 123) says 
that only twelve copies were printed : it is however con- 
tained in the first volume of his works. 

MicHAELER (C.) De Origine Linguae, turn primaria 
turn et specialij Commentatio. Viennse, 4to, 1 788. 

MiT3F0RD. — Inquiry into the principles of the Har- 
mony of Language, by William Mitford, Esq. Svo. 
London, 1 804. Second edition, 

.MoNBODDO. — ^The Origin and Progress of Language 
(by James Burnet, Lord Monjaoddo). Edinburgh, 1774 
— 1792, 6 vols. 8vo. 

Pluche. — La Mecanique des Langues, et I'Art de les 
enseigner, par Noel Pluche. Paris, 1751, 12mo. 

Tanzini. — Sopra la Lingua primitiva, e sopra la 
Confusione de' Linguaggi sotto Babele, Lezione acade- 
mica da Giuseppe-Maria Tanzini. Roma, 1742, Svo. 

J 2. Works on the Origin qf Letters and (if Writing. 

Allwoox). — Literary Antiquities of Greece; as deve- 
loped in an attempt to ascertain principles for a new 
Analysis of the Greek Tongue, and to exhibit those 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 455 

principles as applied to the elucidation of many passages 
in the ancient history of that country. To which are 
added, Observations concerning the Origin of several of 
the literal character in use among the Greeks. By the 
Rev. Philip Allwood, A.M. 4to, London, 1799. 

AsTLE. — The Origin and Progress of Writing, as 
Avell hieroglyphic as elementary, illustrated by Engrav- 
mgs taken from Marbles, Manuscripts, and Charters, 
juitient and modern : also some account of the origin 
and progress of printing. By Thomas Astle, Esq. F,Il.S. 
F.S.A. 4to, London, 1784; 2d edition, 1803. 

The completest work on the subject of writing, extant in thisL 
or any other language. The edition of 1803 contains an ad- 
ditional plate, from a MS. in the British Museum, and a por- 
trait of the aullior. There are a few copies of bdth editions 
in folio. 

Bangii (Tho.) Ccelum orientis et prisci mundi, tria— 
de exercitationum litter, repraesentatum ; seu exercita- 
tiones de litteris antiquis. 4to, Hauni«, 1657. 

Caneparii (Petri Mature) De Atramentis cujuscum- 
que generis, Opus. 4to, Londini, 1660. 

Conjectural Observations on the Origin and Pro- 
gress of Alphabetic Writing. 8vo, London, 1772. 
The author proves successfully that writing was a divine com- 
munication to mankind. 

Fry. — Pantographia; containing accurate Copies of 
all the known Alphabets in the World, together with an 
English explanation of the force or power of each letter; 
to which are added specimens of all well authenticated 
oral languages J forming a comprehensive digest of pho- 
nology. By Edjnund Fry, [M.D.] Royal 8vo. London, 
1799, 



456 WORKS ON THE 

This highly interesting work is the result of sixteen years' 
research : tKe specimens of characters are executed with 
great neatness. 

HoDGKiN. — Calligraphia Graeca et Poecilographia 
Grasca^ a work explaining and exemplifying the mode 
of forming the Greek Characters with ease and elegance, 
according to the method adopted by Dr. Thomas Young, 
and exhibiting a copious Collection of the various forms 
of the Letters, and of their connexions and contractions. 
Written by John Hodgkin, and engraved by H. Ashby. 
Small folio, London, 1807. 

The Greek Scholar will find this work an useful addition to 
his library. One of the plates contains the various forms of 
the Greek Alphabet, from the age of Cadcnus to the 14th 
century of the Christian aera, comprehending a period of near 
3000 years. The eleven last plates exhibit the various Abbre- 
viations and Contractions of Greek Words and Letters which 
are found in Inscriptions, MSS. and Eooks. Some of these 
were communicated by that late prince of Greek scholars. 
Professor Porson ; and others are copied from those which 
Villoison found in the Lexicon of Apollonius. This produc- 
tion is embellished with the most beautiful Greek characters, 
which the scholar may copy with advantage, who wishes to 
make a proficiency in the Calligraphy of that Language 
(Crit. Rev. 3d Series, vol. xv. p. 108.) 

Hugo (Hermann us, Societatis Jesu,) de prima 
Scribendi Origine et Universse rei literariae Antiquitate; 
cui notas, opusculum de Scribis, apologiam pro Waech- 
tlero, praefationem, et indices adjecit C. H. Trotz, JCtus. 
8vo, Traj. ad Rhen, 1738. 

This is the best edition of a rare and curious work which first 
appeared at Antwerp in 1618. To be perfect, it ought to 
contain a plate j exhibiting twenty-four jdosmWc methods of 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 457 

•writing, for no nation has ever adopted them. A copy of 

^the best edition, from the late Rev. Dr. Gosset's library (No. 

2640,) was sold for the very moderate sum of nine shillings. 

An abridged French translation was published in 13mo, Paris, 

1774. 
KiRWAN. — On the Primaeval Language of mankind, 
by Richard Kirwan, Esq. (in the Transactions of the 
Royal Irish Academy, vol. x.) 

Knight. — An analytical Essay on the Greek Alpha- 
bet. By Richard Payne Knight, 4to, London, 1791. 

Leganeuk. — La Calhgraphie, ou Belle Ecriturc de 
la lettre Grecque. Par Guillaume Leganeur. 4to, 
Paris, 1599. 

This small volume consists of only fourteen leaves, eleven of 
which are engraved, andexhibit specimens of different Greek 
writing, after the most beautiful MSS. Brunet remarks that 
it is not of much value in commerce. (Manuel, torn. ii. 
p. 30.) 

Massey. — The Origin and Progress of Letters ; With 
an accomit of the most celebrated English penmen and 
their works. By "William Massey. 8vo, London, 1763. 

Copies of this work are in the libraries of the Royal and Lon- 
don Institutions. 

NicoLs. — De Literis inventis Libri sex, ad illustrissi- 
mum principem, Thomam Herbertum, Pembrokiae Co- 
mitem, auctore Gulielmo Nicols, A.M. 8vo. Lond. 171 i. 
In hexameter and pentameter verse, in which the author dex- 
terously introduces the names of many antient, and some 
modern literati. The notes will repay the trouble of perusal. 

Palatino. — Libro nel qual s'insegna a scriver ogi^i 
sorte delle lettera, anticha e moderna di qualconque na- 
tione. Opera di Giovanni Battista Palatine, sm. 4to, 
Roma, lS61j with plates. 

8 



458 ■ WORKS ON THE 

WAqHTER. — Naturae et ScripturiSB Concordia, seu de 
antiquissimis scribendi modis ante litteras inventas (a J. 
G. Wachtero.) 4to, Lipsise, 1752. 

Wakefield. — Essay on the Origin of Alphabetical 
Characters. By Gilbert Wakefield, B^A-— Manches- 
ter Transactions, vol. ii. 

Mr. W. is of opinion that alphabetical characters were not of 
human invention, but communicated to man by God him- 
self. This able essay is also reprinted in the second volume 
of his Memoirs. The same origin* is also ably proved by 
Dr. A. Clarke in " Remarks on the Origin of Language and 
Alphabetical Characters," in vol. ii. of his " Bibliographical 
Miscellany." 
Wise. — Enquiries concerning the first inhabitants, 
language, religion, learning and letters of Europe. By 
Francis Wise. 4to, Oxford, 1758. 

$ 3. Works on Hieroglyphics. 
Deverell. — Discoveries in Hieroglyphics and other 
antiquities ; in progress to which many favourite com- 
positions are exhibited in a light entirely new, and such 
as renders them infinitely more amusing, as well as 
more instructive to readers of earlier times. By Robert 
Deverell, Esq. London, 6 vols. 8vo, 1813. 
This work is illustrated with 196 engravings on wood, and with 
several plates, containing various groups of figures. The 
present notice is derived from the author's advertisement in 
the newspapers ; the work (we understand) was withdrawn 
after a few copies only had been sold. 

Disputation sur I'Ecriture Hieroglyphique. 8vo, 
Amst. et Paris, 1762. 
In opposition to the theory of Bishop Warburton. 

EssAi sur les Hieroglyphes, ou nouvelles Lettres sur 
cet sujet (par M. Bertuch). 410, Weimar, 1804. 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 459 

, Hammer. — Antient Alphabets and Hieroglyphic 
Characters explained, with an account of the Egyptian 
Priests, their classes, initiation and sacrifices, in the 
-Arabic language. By Ahmad Bin Abubekr Bin 
Washis; and in English by Joseph Hammer. 4(tp, 
London, 1806. 

See an account of this curious work in the " Classical Jour- 
nal," Vol. i. pp. 61 — 64. 

HoRAPOLLiNis Hieroglyphica, Graece et Latine, 
cum integris observationibus et notis Joann. Merceri et 
David. Hoeschelii, et selectis Nicolai Caussini. Curante 
Joanne Cornelio DePauw. 4to, Traj. ad Bhen. 1727, 

KiRCHERi (Athanasii) Obelisci .3Egyptiaci Inter- 
pretatio Hieroglyphica. fol. Romse, 1666. 

■ Obeliscus Pamphilius ; hoc est, Interpre- 

tatio nova Obelisci Hieroglyphici, quem ex veteri 
Hippodromo Antonini Caracallae Caesaris in Agonale 
Forum transtuUt Innocentius X. fol. Romae, 1650. 

. I - ii :CEdipus jSIgyptiacus ; hoc est, Univer- 
salis Hieroglj^hicae veterum Doctrinae, temporum in- 
juria abolitee, instauratio. Romse, 1652—1654, 4 vols, 
folioi 
AH the works of the laborious and erudite father Kircher, on 

ithe subject of hieroglypihics, are scarce : the last-mentioned 

Ivoi'kis in the greatest request. 

Langhlois. — Discours des Hieroglyphes Egyptiens^ 
Emblemes, etc. avec 53 tableaux hieroglyphes, par 
Pierre Lj«iglois, Sieur de Bellestat, 4to, Paris, 1584. 

PiERii ValeriaJii (J«anni% Bellunensis) Hieroglyphica, 
sive 4e .aacr^s ^gyptiorma aliarumque gentium iiteris. 
Accesserunt qusdem pro sacerdotum barbjf -deplMsnaiti^, 



460 WORKS' ON THE 

et varia poemata : item Hieroglyphifcorum Collectanea, 

ex veteribus et neotericis descripta. fol. Lugduni, 1610. 

The best edition of Pierins on hieroglyphics is that of Lyon, 
1686, in folio. Pierius also wrote a celebrated work De In- 
felicitate Litteratorum, which he was well qualified to exe- 
cute, having in his youth been 6bliged to servitude as a 
domestic, though descended from an antient family. . He was 
drawn from obscurity by a paternal uncle, who educated 
him : and so rapid was his progress that he was caressed by 
men of letters, and especially those patrons of literature. 
Cardinal Bembo, and the Popes Leo X. and Clement VH. 
by whose liberality he was placed in affluent circumstances. 
His apology for the beards of priests contains very curious 
researches on long beards, which he authorizes by the law of 
Moses, as well as by the examples of Popes Julius II. and 
Clement VII. ; and also of many cardinals, bishops and ma- 
gistrates of his own time. Pierius died at Padua, December 
25, 1558, at the age of 81. He is also known in literary 
history by his proper family name of Giovanni Pietro 
Eolzani. 
PiGNORii (Laurentii) Mensa Isiaca, qua sacro- 

jum apud ^Egyptios ratio et simulacra explicantur. 4to, 

Amst. 1670. 

The best edition of a most curious work. Pignorius is al- 
lowed to have succeeded best in deciphering the meaning of 
the mystic Table of Isis : the first edition of his work ap- 
peared at Frankfort, in 4to, 1608, with plates, by J. T. and 
J. I. De Bry. 

Warburton. — Essai sur les Hieroglyphes des Egyp- 
tiens, ou I'on voit I'origine et les progres du langage et 
de I'ecriture, I'aritiquit^ des sciences en Egypte, et 
I'origine du culte des animaux, par Warburton, traduit 
de I'Anglois par Leonard de Malpeine. Paris, 17449 
2 vols. 12mo. 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 461 

This work is a translation of Bishop Warburton's " Divine 
Legation of Moses Demonstrated," Book iv. Sections ii — vi. 
■forming nearly the whole of the fourth volume of his Works 
(8vo edition, 1811.) Bishop W.'s opinion is the most ra- 
tional of all that have been offered on the very difficult sub- 
ject of hieroglyphics. An abstract of it is given ^pra, pp. 
86 — 97. Brunet observes, that the French translation is 
scarce and in considerable request. Manuel, torn. ii. p. 664. 

ZoEGA — ^De Origine et Usu Obeliscorum, ad Pium 
VI. P. M. Auctore Georgio Zoega, Dano. folio, 
Homse, 1797. 

Though this profoundly archaeological work bears the date of 
1797, it was not published till the close of 1800: it is illus- 
trated with ten vignettes and eight engravings. Copies of 
it are in the libraries of the Royal and London Institutions. 

f 4. Diplomaties, or the Art of Writing, Decipliering, and Arranging 
antient Writings. 

Anderson. — Selectus Diplomatum et Numismatum 
Scotiae Thesaurus, tabulis aeneis pereleganter express- 
orum cura Jacobi Anderson, fol. Edinburgi, apud 
Ruddimannos, 1735. 

A work of extreme rarity and of great value : copies of it are 
in the British Museum, in the libraries of the Royal and 
London Institutions, and in the library of the Writers to 
the Signet at Edinburgh. One division of it (the fifth) 
exhibits the characters and abbreviations used in antient 
MSS. The Latin preface to this elaborate work (written 
by Mr. Ruddiman) was translated and published at Edin- 
. burgh, in 1773, in 13mo, intituled " An Introduction to 
Mr. Jctmes Anderson's Diplomata Scotias. ' To ivhich is [«re], 
added Notes, taken from various authors and original manu- 
scripts. Hy Thomas Ruddiman, M.A. This Introduction 
gives an account of the antiquity of writings, the antient 
value of money and prices of pirovisions in Scotland, and 



462 WORKS ON TH^ 

the utility of diplomata, that is, of charters or other antient 

instruments. 

Ayloffe.— Calendar of antient Charters, and of the 
Scotch and Welsh Rolls, also Treaties of Peace, &c. 
between the kings of England and Scotland, in the 
Chapter House, at Westminster, with four copper plates, 
exhibiting all the various hands in which the several 
cTiarters have been written from the reign of William 
the Conqueror to that of Elizabeth. By Sir Joseph 
Ayloffe, Bart. 4to, London, 1772, or 1774. 
This work was begun by the Rev. Philip Morant : a copy of 

it is in the library of the Royal Institution, with a history of 

the hook in MS. by the late Mr. Astle. 

Bakingius. — Ckvis Diplomatica, tradens specimina 
veterum scripturarum, nimirum alphabeta varia, com- 
pendia scribendi medii aevi, etc. cui accedit bibliotheca 
scriptonmi rei diplomaticae, studio et opera Danielis 
Eberhardi Baringii. Hanoverae, 1754, 4to. 

The second and best edition, a copy of which is in the li- 
brary of the Royal Institution. The first edition appeared, 
in 17S7, in 4to. The catalogue of diplomatic writers con- 
tains a list of those who have treated on the diplomatic art, 
either generally or in particular, as well as of the collectors 
of diplomas, &c. 

Carpentier. — ^Alphabetum Tironianum, seu notas 
tironis explicandi methodus; cum pluribus Ludovici 
Pii chartis quae notis iisdem exaratae sunt et hactenus 
irieditae, ad historiam et jurisdictionem cum ecclesiasti- 
cam tum civilem pertinentibus. Lahore et studio D. P. 
Carpentier. Lutet. Paris. 1747, folio. 
This work is admirably executed : the Tyronian notes ceased 
to be used in France about the end of the ninth century. 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 463 

.an4 in Germany about a century later. See a brief notice of 
the Tyronian notes, supra, pp. 118, 119, notes. 

De Vaines. — Dictionnaire Raisonn^ de Diploma-> 
tique, contenant les regies principales et essentielles 
pour servir au dechiifrer les auciens titres, diplomes et 
monuments, ainsi qu'a justifier de leur date et de leur 
authenticite. Par Dom De Vaines, Religieux Bene- 
dictin de la Congregation de St. Maur. Paris, 1774, 
2 vols. 8vo. 

The design of the learned author was to select and to concen- 
trate within the compass of two volumes, the jesearches of 
all the most celebrated writers on the diplomatic art. This 
object is most happily accomplished ; and to those who have 
not the means of consulting or procuring the large and, costly 
volumes of Montfaucon, Mabillon, Maffei, Le Moine, and 
other diplomatists, the work of M. De Vaines is invaluable. 
The articje Ahhreciation (torn. i. pp. 31—38) contains a 
most useful alphabetical table of the principal abbreviations 
employed in MSS. and antient deeds : the plates, tbirty-five 
in number, (some of them double ones) faithfully exhibit the 
various modes of writing in different ages and nations, and 
are so disposed as to open uniformly on the left hand, which 
greatly facilitates the conveniency of reference. Copies of 
this work, in good condition, are scarce and dear. 
Du Canoe. — Glossarium ad Scriptores mediae et in- 
iimae Graecitatis, in quo' Graeca vocabula novatae signifi- 
cationis aut usus rarioris, barbara, exotica, ecclesiastica, 
liturgica, tactica, nomica, iatrica, botanica, chymica, 
explicantur, eorum notiones et originationes retegun- 
tur, etc. etc. Accedit Appendix ad Glossarium medias 
et infimse LatJnitatis, una cum brevi etymologico Lin- 
guae Gallicae ex utroque glossario. Auctore Carolo 
Dufresne, Domino Du Cange. Lugduni, 1688, 2 vols. 



464 WORKS ON THE 

Du Cange.— Glossarium ad Scrij)tores mediae et infiiriiB 

Latinitatis, auctore Carolo Dufresne, Domino Du 

Cange. Editio nova, locupletior et auctior, opera et 

studio monachorum ordinis S. Benedict! e Congrega- 

tione S. Mauri, folio, Paris, 1733, 6 vols. 

The first edition of this celebrated work appeared at Paris, in 

1678, in three vols, folio : the preface of Du Cange is an 

elaborate dissertation on the causes of the corruptions of the 

Latin language. Purchasers of the Benedictine edition 

should ascertain, that the fourth volume contains between 

columns 912 and 994, nine plates of impressions of the coins 

of the kings of France and of several bishops and great 

nobles, who had the privilege of issuing money. The article 

Monogramma (column 1020) ought also to be illustrated with 

a plate representing the monograms of several popes and of 

very many of the French kings. 

Carpentier. — Glossarium Novum ad Scriptores 
medii aevi, cum Latinos tum Gallicos, seu Supplemen- 
tum ad auctiorem Glossarii Cangiani editionem. Ac- 
cedunt varii indices. CoUegit et digessit D> P. Carpen- 
tier. Parisiis, 1766, 4 tom. fol. 

The value of these two works has long been generally acknow- 
ledged : they are indispensable to the philologist and to the 

- student of diplomatic MSS. and ought not to be separated. 

. An abridgment of them was published by the late Professor 
Adelung, intituled Glossarium Manuale ad Scriptores medice 
et infima Latinitatis, ex Glossariis Car. Dufresne D.Du CfiTige 
et Carpenterii in compendium redactum, in six large 8vo vols. 

'Hate, 1772—1784. 

Gatterer (J. Ch.) — Commentatio diplomatica de 
methodo aetatis codicum manuscriptorum definiendae. 
4to, Goettingen, 1768. 

Gerrard. — Siglarium Romanum, sive explicatio 



HISTORY OF LETTEES, ETC. 465 

lotarum ac literarum, qiise hactenus reperiri potue- 
runt, in marmoribus, tepidibus, nummk, aitctoribus, 
Ui^s^ii^ RoQianDrum yeterdbus, ordine alpiuabetfco dis? 
t^buta. Curaiiite Johajaie Gerrard. Loodim, 1792, 
4to. 

.Ge;BjMon ^JBajith.) De veteribus regum EraucoruiQ 
diplomatibiis, ^ ad fFoJiaiinem MaMllonium jDisceptatio. 
— Ijjiisdeiji Disoeptatio jsqcunda.— DJsc€f>tatio tertia, 
adversus Theod^ Huinart et Jm^i JPontanini vindkiae. 
Paifs, 1703—1.707, 3 vols. 12mo. 

A work of some value, when the three parts are bound 
together : it is usuajly Joined to lyiabillon's work de Be 
Diplomatica. The third disquisition is in reply to.Fonta- 
pini's Vindicice A/itiquorum Di^pmatum adversus J^rth. 
Germonii discep'tationem. ito, Roma, 1705. A copy of this 
last mentioned work is in the library of the Royal institution. 

■GoDEFRiBi (Besselii, Abbatis Gotwicensis) Chroni- 
con Gotwi^ense, seu Ann^les .Monasterii Gotwicensis, 
ordinis Sancti B^nedicti. Typis Monasterii Tergerns- 
censis, 1732, one volume in two parts, ^folio. 

This volume consists of dissertations, preliminary to .the 
Chronicle qf Gottweich, and is an excellent treatise on the 

/d^loniatic art ; the real author at which, according to Ober- 
lin, was father Joseph Habn. The Chronicle never ap|>eared, 
so that the work is complete in itself, notwithstanding it pur- 
j)orts to be the first volume. (Brunet,,Manuel, lom. ii. p. 479. 

Xi'Abt de verifier les Dates des Faits Historiques, 
des Cbartes, «t des Chroniques, depnis la naissance de 
Jesus ■Chcist, par moyen d'une table chronologigue. 
Paris, 1783— «7, 3 vols, folio; 

This elaborate work was begun by Dom Maur, Dom Fr. 
d'Antine, Dom Clemencet, and Dom Durand, and was cou- 
tinaed and edited by t). Fr. Clement. It was publisbed 

M H 



465 WORKS ON THE 

in eight lioraUons, or numbers, forming three volumesr A 
copy of it is in the hbrary of the London Institution. 

Le Moine. — ^Diplomatique Pratique; ou Traite de 
I'Arrangement des Archives et Tresors des Chartes, 
par M. Le Moine. Metz, 1765, 4to. 

Supplement a la Diplomatique Pratique 

de M. Le Moine, contenant une methode sure pour ap- 
prendre a dechifFrer les anciennes Ecritures, et arranger 
des archives, avec 53 planches, tant des alphabets, ab- 
breviations, que des Titres anciens et Gotiques. Par 
MM. Batteney et Le Moine. Paris, 1772, 4to. 
The supplement was republished at Paris in 1775, 4to, under 
the title of ' L' Archivists Frangois.' 

Mabillon. — De Re Diplomatica Libri Sex, in qui- 
bus quidquid ad veterum instrumentorum Antiquita- 
tem, Materiam, Scripturam et Stilum; quidquid ad 
sigilla, monogrammata, subscriptiones ac Notas chro- 
nologicas; quidquid inde ad antiquariam, historicam, 
forensemque disciplinam pertinet, explicatur et illustra- 
tur. Opera et studio Johannis Mabillon. Lutet. 
Paris, 1709, fol. 

The first edition of this well-known work appeared at Paris in 
1681, folio; a supplement to it was published at Paris also 
in 1704. The edition of 1709 differs from the former only 
in having the sheets of the supplement reprinted, and the 
pages continued to 648. These two editions are to be found 
in most public libraries. Brunet mentions a third edition, 
Disserlationibus variorum locupletata, notisque nunc primum' 
illuStrata a Marchione Bumba Jo. Adimari, etc. Neapoli,, 
1789, 3 vols, folio. The purchaser of the edition of 17,09. 
should see that it contains sixty plates of specimens of antient 
writing. 
Maffei.— Istoria Diplomatica, che serve d'introdu-i 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 467 

zione all' arte critica in tal materia ; con raccolta de' 
documenti non ancot divulgkti, che rimangono in pa- 
pyro Egizio e ragionamente sopra g? Itali primitive 
da Scipio MafFei. Mantoua, 1727, Mo, configure. 
In the library of the London Institution. 

Marini. — I Papiri Diplomatici, raccolti ed illustrati 
dall' Abbate Gaetano Marini. Romse, 1805, folic),' 
with 22 plates. 

This work comprises 157 diplomatic papyri, consisting of 
papal bulls, acts of sovereign princes, and papers respecting 
sales of property : these are illustrated with learned notes 
and numerous engravings. See a further account of M. 
Marini's elaborate work in Crit. Rev. .Third Series, vol. 
xvii. p. 536. 

MoNTFAUCON (Bernardi de) Palseographia Graeca 
sive de ortu et progressu Litterarum Grsecarum, et de 
variis omnium sseculorum scriptionis Graecse generibus, 
Xiibri sex, cum figuris et schematibus; accedit Joannis 
Comneni Descriptio Montis Atho, Grsece ; Latine ver- 
tit B. Montfaucon. Paris, 1 708, folio. 
In the library of the London Institution. 

NouvEAU Tbaite' de Diplomatique ; oul'on examine 
les fondemens de cet art; on etablit des Regies sur le 
discemement des titres; et I'on expose historiquement 
les caracteres des Bulles Pontifi(iales, et des Diplomes 
donnes en chaque siecle : avec des eclaircissemens sur 
un nombre considerable de points d'liistoire, de chro- 
nologie, ide critique et de discipline; et la refutation de 
diverges accusations intentees contre beaucoup d'archives 
celebres, et sur tout contre celles des anciennes eglises. 
Par deux Religieux Benedictins, de la Congregatipn de 
g. Maur. Paris, 1750, 6 tomes, 4to. 
The authors of this highly esteemed work were MM. Tous- 

H H 3 



468 WORKS ON THE 

tain and Tassin : copies of it are in the libraries of tht writers 
to the Signet, at Eciinburgli, and of the Royal Institution, at 
London. The third volume contains a most copious list ot 
the aijbneviations Occurring in antierit writings, plates 60 and 
61, pages 448, et seq. 
Oberlix. — Artis Diplomaticse primae lineae : in usum 

auditorum duxit Jer. Jac. Oberlinus. Argentorati 

(Strasburgh) 1788, 8vo. 

A small work of great rarity in this country : the Royal In- 
stitution possesses a copy. The book is divided ihto eleven 
tables on the following subjects. 1. Diplomatic^ artis in- 
doles. 3. Artis D^lomatioit pars tkeoretica. 3. Oipiomatum 
indoles et argumentum. 4t. ScripluraDiplomatum. 5. JMplo- 
matum contextus. 6. Diplomatum sanctio. 7. Artis Diplo- 
maticlE pars practioti. 8. Analysis Diplomatica. 9. iMsis 
Diplomatum. 10. Diplomaiutn usus. 11. Diplomatum asaefr- 
vatio et custodia. The work concludes with a good list {in 
46 pages) of authors, who liave treated either directly or in- 
directly on the diplomatic art. 

Rive, — Prospectus de I'Essai «ur I'Art de verifier 
I'age des miniatures peintes dans les manuscripts depuis 
le 14* siecle jusqu' au 1 7* Hiclmsivement, par I'Abbe 
Rave. Paris, Didot, 1782, 12mo. 

The work, announced in this brochure, unfartuKately for the 
lovers of literature, never appeared. The Work wa« to have 
been in folio, and to have contained twenty-six plates : eighty 
copies only were to have been struck ofi^ at 600 livres each. 
The plates were afterwards to have been deposited in the 
Cabinet at Versailles. (Peignot, iOict. de Bibl. torn. iii. p. 
SiSlO. Briinet, l^anuel, torn. ii. p. 400. Diet. Historique, 
torn. X. p. 492.) Viide supra, p. 133, note. 

TromBelli. — L'Arte di conoscere I'tta de' codici 
Latini ed Italiani, da Giov. Chr. TrombelU, Bologna, 
1756, 4to. 



HISTORY OF LETTERS, ETC. 4^9 

WAJUf«li:il.— Lexicon Biplom^iiajm, abbreviatitmes 
j^}lai)arum est vocum in Diplomatibus et Godicibus, a 
Saeculo yiij. ad xvi. usque occuprentes, exponens, 
junctis aJptiabetis et scripturae specimiuibus integris^ 
studio Joannis Ludo^hi Waltheri, cum prsefatione 
Joainnis Bavidis Koeleri. Gottingae, 1745, 2 tomes in 
one vol. foKo. 

A work of very great rarity : excepting the prefaces and the 
table of contents, it is entirely engraven. The copies dated 
Ulm, 175&, ^^1; iwrn tbe edition of 1745 only in the fron- 
tispiece, and in Iiaviisg a preface l^y John Henry Jungius. The 
two parts Qoptaip»l<^etiier, S^ p^ate§, ^pd t^f sup.p}e!iaent 
^ plat$g. Copies of fi}^ Visa ^difin^^ §Tp in thie libraries of 
the Royal and J^ondon Institutions, and pf tUe Writers to ^ 
Signet,^ Edinljurgh. 



CHAPTER III. 

Worlcs on 



SECTIO'N J. 



Works on the History and Art of Printing, including a 
brief Arkalysis of the Autihon' Jfypotheses, relative tQ 
the Origin and Invention of Tyn^graphy. 

AailK>.r— Sa^gio di M^norie siilla T^egraphia Par- 
(xisge ^1 jSeccdo -XY. del padlire Ireneo AiFo. Pamut) 
17M, 4to, 

it work of great resea-rch : ijt is dtvidsed into two parts, the 
fetst jof wfaicjl discHsses the history of printing at Parma ; 






470 WORKS ON THE 

editions of the fifteenth century. - Affo was born in 1741, 
and died at Busetto, his native town, in 1797. He was 
librarianto the Duke of Parma, and honorary professor of 
history in the university of that city. The republic of let- 
ters is indebted to him for several works evincing both his 
taste and the extent of his knowledge^ Beside the above, we 
may notice hkMemorie degli Scriltori e Lelteraii Parmigianu 
5 vols. 4to. Parma, 1789—1797. Tiraboschi mentions 
AfE) as one of the first geniuses of Italy. 

Alnander. — Historiola artis Typographicae in Sue- 
cia, auctore Joanne Alnander. Rostochii, 1725, 8vo. 

Ames — Herbert — Dibdin. — Typographical Anti- 
quities ; being an historical account of printing in Eng- 
land, with some memoirs of our antient printers, and 
a register of the books printed by them, from the year 
1471 to the year 1600, with an appendix concerning 
printing in Scotland and Ireland to the same time. By 
Joseph Ames, 4to, London, 1749. 

A second edition of this valuable work was published by the 
late Mr. William Herbert, " considerably augmented both 
in the memoirs and in the number of books," in 3 vols. 4to, 
London, 1785, 1786, 1790. " A very valuable and accurate 
work, and as honourable to the British nation, as to the deep 
critical researches of the original compiler Mr. Ames, and 
his continuator Mr. Herbert" (Dr. Clarke.) Both these edi- 
tions however are now in a great degree, if not entirely, 
superseded by the following elaborate and splendid publica- 
tion of the Rev. Mr. Dibdin. 

Typographical Antiquities ; or, the History of Print-. 
ing in England, Scotland and' Ireland; containing me- 
moirs of our antient pi-inters, and a register of the '^ 
books printed by them. Begun by the late Josephs 
Ames, F.R. and A.S.S. Considerably augmented by 



~«TT'n • 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 47I 

gready: enlarged with copious notes', and illustrated 
with appropriate engravings, comprehending the his- 
tory of English Uterature, and a view of the progress 
of the art of engraving in Great Britain. By the Rev. 
Thomas Frognall Dibdin. 4to, London, vol. i. 1810, 
vol. ii. 1812. \in.\tl«r .\i»i.'W.ii 

A third volume will complete this work. There are a few 
copies on large paper. " 

ANissoN.-i— Premier Memoire sur I'impression en letr- 
tres, suivi de la description d'une nouvelle presse exe- 
cut^e pour le service du Roi, et publiee par prdre du 
Gouvernement. Par Anisson le fils, directeur de L'im- 
priraerie royale en survivance, 4td, Paris, 1785, with 
plates. 

This memoir was read by the author to the Academy of 
Sciences, in 1783, and treats exclusively on the press-work, 
in printing. M. Anisson, the author, was one of the victims 
of the revolutionary tribunal. (Peignot, Diet, de Bibliol. 
tom. iii. p. 14. Repertoire Bibliog. Universel, p. 353.) The 
Anissons, his ancestors, were eminent printers at Lyons and 
Paris, from the sixteenth century. 

AsTLE. — Some Account of the Origin and Progress 
of Printing. 

It forms the last chapter of Mr. A.'s elaborate work on writ- 
ing, already noticed (p. 435.) He considers the typographic 
art to be of Chinese oiigin, and first practised in Europe in 
the fifteenth century. 

Atkyns. — The Original and Grrowth of Printing, 
collected out of history, and the records of this king- 
dome: wherein is also demonstrated that printing ap- 
pertaineth to the prerogative royal, and is a flower of 
the crown of England. By Richard Atkyns, Esq. 
4to, Lohdon, 1664. 
See an account of this work supra, pp.178, 179. 



473 WORKS ON THE 

Bagford.— An Essay on the Invention of Printiiigi 
by Mr. John Bagford ; with an account of his collfeiS- 
tions for the same, by Mr. Humfrey Wanle^^ F.R.S. 
in the 25th voluine of the Philosophical Ti^assictibriS 
of the Royal Society (for 1705). 

Bagford ascribes the first* inyention of printing to Haerleih : 
his work was to have been corriprised in one folio volome of 
200 sheets. On his death, in 1716, his collections were pur- 
chased for Lord Oxford's, library, and are now among the 
Harleian MSS. in the British Museum. They form 196 
nun;ibei's of that cdlection. No. 5414, ,5419, and from 5892 
to 5988 (excepting 595^.) Cat. Harj. MSS. vol. ii'i. pp. 306— 
309. " tiagford," says Mr. Dibdiri, " was the most hungry 
and rapacious of all book and print colle'ctors : arid in hts 
ravages he spared neither the most delicate nor costly speci- 
mens. A modern collector and lover of perfect co'pies wilt 
witness, with shuddering, among Bsgford's imniense CoHec- 
tiori of title-pages in the Museum, the frontispieces of the 
Complutensiah Polyglot, and Chauncy's History of Hert- 
fordshire, torn out to illustrate an History of Printing. 
His enthusiasm, however, carried hirii through a great dekl 
of laborious toil, and he supplied by this quaUfication his 
want of other attainments. His whole mind was devoted to 
book-hunting; and his integrity and diligence probably mad6 
his employe're overlook his many failings. His hand-writing 
is scarcely legible, and his orthography is still more wretch- 
ed : but if he was ignorant, he was huinble, ziealdtis and 
grateful ; and he has certainly done something towarcfe the 
accomplishment of that desirable object, an accurate General 
History of Printing." Dibdin's Bibliomania, p. 4S1. Mr. ih 
hiis given an mteresting account of Bagford's pursuits, in pp. 
430—437. 
BiRTow^Dfi. — Saggio Epistole^e sop^a la Tipogra- 

phia del Friuli nel Secolo XV. Del Conte Antonio 

Bartolinij 4to, Udine, 1798. 



HISTORY 0¥ FEIKTING. 47S 

An uncommenl^ ^fdbendid w^rkj eooHining much cuMoos in- 
fornlation relative to the earliest printed books in the Venetian 
Friuh, and particularly at Udine. A letter is aunesed from 
the celebrated bibliographer, Morelli, describing an ediMon 
of Catullus, ai)d aaother of Claudian de Raptu Proserpinse, 
neither of which had before been noticed. Brit. Crit. vol. 
xiv. p. 69. 

B'ARtTFFAi.Dt. — Saggio Lfetterario-BibMographicb 
della Ti^ogrMid Ferrartese, dall' Abate Gilxdattio 3^4- 
mfiiddi. Svo, Feorvatsl, 1117. 

"A valiiable workj antl ehirlcbed with much Hteir'ary informa- 
tion." (&f. di^Ws ^h. Wise. vol. II. p. 54.) The period 
tomprised is frotH the yea* 1471 to 1300. 

BEBfilELiASn (JoANNls ARliroLbi.)-^Eft(C6inion Chal- 
cographise. MogiAiti^, 1541, 4to. 

Tins is a pe'eim, containifig 454 heroic verses oft the drighst of 
pBiaitiing, to wbicti the aiMiov^ &B»i^ the yea^ 14S0; and in- 
dicates Sti-asbArgh as ihe eotidtry <c^ tlii<e first priniier^ Iruten* 
berg, or at feast as the place tvbeije he made his'iirst attctaptSk 
He adds, that Gutenberg "worked more suecesg&lly at May- 
ence, with the assistance of Fust, and especia% of Schoiflfer, 
who cut the matrices and cast letters from them. The au- 
thor of this work, Arnold de Bergel, was « corrector of the 
press : Marchand has reprinted his poem in page 31 and 
foUoWirig of his Histoiire de I'lmprimerie : it is ako to be 
fbuiid in Wolfius'^s Monum. Typogr. vol, I. pp. 13 et ^eq. 
(]baunou. Analyse, pp. 47, ^8.) 

BsKTHAND. — Trait^ de I'Impriinerie, parBertrandr 
Qurinquet. Paaris, an vii. 4to. 
A well written and well printed treatise, in which the origito, 

progress and tttechanMm of ttie art dif'e respectively discljssed. 

Ttte author died in June, 1808. (Pfeignot, Kep. KW. 

Univ. p. ^56.) 



474 WORKS ON THE 

BEStJtDi (Christ.)— De Inventione Typographiae. 

4to. 

It forms the third of his Pentas Dissertationum Pkilologkarunt: 
4to, Tubingse, 1620. Besoldus is of opinion that the Euro- 
peans are not indebted for typography to the Chinese, who 
practise only tabular or block printing, and with whom the 
Germans of the fifteenth century had no intercourse: he 
leaves, however, the point undecided, relative to the claims of 
Strasburg, Mentz and Haerlem. (D'Aunou, p. 63.) 

BouLARD. — Le Manuel de rimprimeur, Quvrage 
utile a tous ceux qui veulent connoitre les d^tailes des 
utensiles, des prix, de la manutention de cet art inte- 
ressant, et a quiconque veut lever une imprimerie, par 
S. Boulardj imprimeur-libraire. 8vo, Paris, 1791. 
A short introduction to the practical art of printing. 

BowYER and Nichols.— The Origin of Printing in 
two Essays. 1. The Substance of Dr. Middleton's Dis- 
sertation on the Origin of Printing in England. 2. 
Mr. Meerman's account of the invention of the art at 
Harlem, and its progress to Mentz, with occasional 
remarks and an appendix. 8vo, London, 1774, 2d 
edit, (with many improvements) 1 776, and a supple- 
ment in 1781. 

The original idea of this pamphlet was Mr. Bowyer's ; the 
completion of it, his partner's (Mr. Nichols.) Though pub- 
lished anonymously, it was immediately pronounced to be 
Mr. Bowyer's (Nichols, Lit. An. vol. III. pp. 174—176); 
and met with a very favourable reception. The authors re- 
ceive the account of Junius, relative to Haerlem, as genuine.' 
Beside the two essays above-mentioned, this very rare volume 
contains an interesting, notice of the first printed Greek and 
Hebrew books, of the first printed Polyglotts, particularly the 
Complutensian, and an imperfect list of cities and towns, in 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 475 

\vjifeh books are known to have been printed in the fifteehth 
century. Copious lists of .these places are given' by Peignot 
(Diet, de Bibliol. torn. iii. pp. 315—330.) and by Dr. Clarke 
(Bibliogr. Misc. vol. II. pp. 88—155.) 

BoxHORNii (Marci-Zuekii) Dissertatio de Typo- 
graphicae Artis inventione. 4to, Lug. Bat. 1640. 
Boxhorn does little else but cite and comment upon two in- 
scriptions, which were placed one on the house, the other be- 
neath the statue of Coster, at Haerlem. These inscriptions 
are given by Daunou, pp. 65, 66. 

BuNEMANNi (Jos. LuDOLPHi) Notitia Scriptdrum 
editonun atque ineditorum, artem typographicam il- 
lustrantium, intermixtis passim observationibus lite- 
rariis, ordine alphabetico. Hanoverae, 1740, 4to. 

CabAllero. — De prima TypographisB Hispanicie 
aetate specimen, auctore Raymundo Diosdado Cabal- 
lero. Romae, 1793, 4to. 

From this work we learn that the number of books printed in 
Spain in the fifteenth century, was 310, which appeared 
chiefly at Barcelona, Burgos, Salamanca, Saragossa, Seville, 
Toledo, and Valencia ; and that they were chiefly executed 
by Germans. Valencia is conjectured tp be the first city in 
Spain, in which typography was introduced, in 1474, which 
is the date assigned by Santander, tom. i. p. 318. 

Camus. — Histoire et Precedes du Polytypage et Ste- 
reotypage, par A. G. Camus. Svo, Paris, an X (1802.) 

This memoir was originally read to the National Institute in 
the year 1796: it contains not only an historical notice of 
the progress of stereotype printing, throughout Europe, but 
also enters into details of the processes employed by Didot 
and Herhan. This little volume is illustrated with specimens 
of stereotype by Ged,Valleyre, Hoffman, the Abbe Rochon, 
Carez, and Herhan. For a brief notice of the history 0) 
stereotype printing, see pp. 212—320, supra. ' 



476 WORKS ON THE 

Cathebinot.— L'Art d'imprimer, par le Sieur Nico- 
las Catberinot, conseiller et avocat du roi, a presidial 
deBourges. 4to, Bourges, 1685. 

This author mentions Gutenberg and Schoiffer as the inventors 
of printij^, at Mentz, about the year 1455. " His work," 
says PeigBot, " deserves the oblivion into which it has 
fallen." (Rep. Bib. Universel, p. 343.) 

Chevilliek.— L'Origine de I'lmprimerle de Paris, 
dissertation historique et critique, par Andre Chevil- 
lier, docteur et bibliothecaire de Sorbonne. 4to, Paris, 
1694. 

A learned and vaJuabL^ worjc, which Mattaire freqacDtty 
cites in bis Annales ; be considers GutenbeFg as the inventor 
of printing at Strasburgh. "His bopk coutains some inte- 
resting information concerning the establishment of the press 
at the Sorborme in Paris, with a history of Ulric Gering and 
hb works." {Dr. CkAe.) 

Clarke. — A short History of the Origin of Printi- 
ing, aaid of rfie first Inventors of that Art. 
This fisiriBs part of Dr. Clarke's " Bibliographical Miscellany," 
\d. II. pp. 7—47. It is ta:ken principally frwi the Umdi>o 
Tipogm/ico of die Abbe Mauro Boni. He ascribes the inven- 
tion ef printing to Gutettberg, who made his first,experiments 
at Strasbnrgh between 14.?0 and 1448, on characters cs^rved 
on tablets of wood. With the assistance of John Mentel and 
others, he made thti second and more important discovery of 
printing with moveable characteis out in wood, wbjch they 
used from .1448. The art was (inaJly ioipraved at Mayeiice, 
by the Fausto-Gutenhergian Society, with the help of Peter 
Schoiffer, who invented the fowndipg of types in matHicqs, in 
1459. 
DAUNOu.r^Analyse,des Opinions #v<ei!ges sur PorigiBe 
de rimprimerie, par Daunou, Membre de I'lnstitut 
National. Lue a. la seance de l'Insti*ut Natkmal, le 2 

floi>^9]. an. If), (i^m. Psiki*. an vi VlRfl^l V 



HISTORY OF Peij>fTING. 477 

This work first s^ppeared ii& the Memoires ^ tlie National In- 
stitute at Paris, (vol. iv.) and exhibits within a comparatively 
small compass, a dear analysis of the various c^inioBs enter- 
tained on the subject of which it treats. His memoir is di- 
vided iato three .parts. 

in the first, he considers the most antient productions of the 
press, viz. all those which either are, or are supposed to be, 
prior to the year 1460, whether they are still in existence, 
entire, or whether firagments only are extant, or whether 
they are only known hy the mention made of them by some 
writers. He then endeavours to ascertain the processes em- 
ployed in executing these different productions, at least of 
those which have been described and verified. 

Tlie second patt of the memoir conttiins an .examination of the 
evidences reflating to the origin of printing ; inclodmgin ti*ese 
evidettces ptibHc acts, and the writings of prittrte individuafls, 
ttie subscriptions of editions, passages from tJre works -of. con- 
teinpoi'ary writers, that is, of those who lived in tlhe flfteaith 
century, as "well as those ©f authors <)f the-six-teemth eentuiy, 
whose aathorrties are-certain accounts fumisfhed to them i»y 
contcBipoFarjp^ <wri!ters. These evidences 'Or testiotoittes are 
extreniely discordaht. I 

In tftie third fMirt,M. Daunou discusses tbe^ystemsjnainbuned 
in the 17th and 18th centuries, on the erigin of ty,pography. 
Those systems also are exceedingly numerous. To this and 
to the preceding part of this interesting work, we are in- 
debted for the notice of some scarce works mentioned in the 
present section. M. Daunoi^'s Analysis terminates hy stating 
that hypothesis which he deems mdst pr<^bable, viz. 

1. That Tabular Printing, which existed long since in 
<]!hina,-was applied by the Europeans, towards the <nddf4he 
l'4th ctehtuty,or ^lowsards tiecenHnencement of the 13th, to 
l!kfe pt^ntog «f cards and figures : 

2. "^rstitehre the year 1440, there were printed at Uaer- 
lem tor «hewhlere, fiiSst, Several «eUeotions of ■figitre% «idi 
short inscriptions annexed to them, and afterwards books «f 



478 WORKS ON THE 

devotion or school-books, particularly Doyiats, (small gram* 
matical abridgements :) 

3. That also, before the year 1440, Gutenberg of Stras^ 
burg had conceived the idea of employing moveable types ; 
but that this speculation had only given rise, in Strasburg 
and afterwards at Mayence, to laborious, expensive, and un- 
productive trials : 

4. That no book can be pointed out which was printed by 
Gutenberg at Strasburg, and that the Donats, which are 
supposed to have issued from his press at Mayence, come 
under the description only of tabular printing : 

5. That every book printed before the year 1457, has been 
executed either by means of letters engraved on wood, or by 
those of cast metal, such as are now in use : and the latter 
were probably invented by Gutenberg or by Faust, undoubt- 
edly brought to perfection by Schoiffer, and employed for 
the first time by Schoifler, Faust, and Gutenberg, in print- 
ing an edition of the Bible, consisting of about 637 or 648 
leaves, and without date. (Daunou, pp. 136, 137.) 

Denis. — History of Printing at Vienna, from 1482 
to 1560 (in German). By Michael Denis. Vienna, 
1782, 4to. Supplement to the same by the same Au- 
thor, in German also. Vienna, 1793, 4to. 
This is mentioned by Peignot as an excellent work : I have not 
succeeded in meeting with the original. M. Denis has long 
been celebrated as one of the profoundest bibliographers on 
the Continent : other productions of his are noticed in a 
subsequent part of this volume. 

De Rossi. — De Hebraicae typographiae origine ac 
primitiis, seu antiquis ac rarissimis hebraicorum libro- 
rum editionibus sseculi xy., Disquisitio Historica Johan- 
nis Bernardi De Rossi,' .linguarimi Orientalium pro- 
fessoris in regia Parmensi academia. Parmae, 1 776, 
4to. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 479 

A copy of this work is in the library of the London Institu- 
tion : it was afterwards reprinted at Eriang, in 1778, 8vo, 
with a preface by M. Hufnagel. 

De Typographia Hebrseo-Ferrariensi Conunentarius 
historicus, quo Ferrarienses Judaeorum editiones Hebr. 
Hisp., Lusitanicse, recensentur, et illdstrantur; auctore 
J. B. De Rossi. Parmas, ex regio typographeo, 1780, 
gvo. Also reprinted at Eriang, in 1778, 8vo, cum auc- 
toris epistola qua nonnulla Ferrariensis typographiae 
capita illustrantur, et Hufiiagelii prsefatione. 

Annali Ebreo-tipografici di Sabioneta, 

seu Annales Hebraeo-typographici, Sabionetae (in Ita- 
lian). Parraae, 1780, 4to. 

These Annals were translated and published in Latin, by M. 
Roos, with an Appendix by the author,. Erlangce, 1783, Svo. 

' — '■ Annales Hebrseo-typographici sseculi xv, 

descripsit, fusoque commentario illustravit J. B. De 
Rossi. Parmae, ex regio typographeo (Bodini), 1 795, 
large 4to. 

This splendid and important volume commences with a pre- 
liminary dissertation on the origin of Hebrew printing, and 
on the rarity, beauty and use of the first Hebrew printed 
books. The work itself is divided into three parts, "which 
treat, 1. On Hebrew editions with dates, in number 51. 2. 
On Hebrew editions without date, in number 35. 3. On 
editions the dates of which are false,' and which amount to 
67. Four tables terminate the volume. 1. Of Hebrew print- 
ers and editors of the I5th century. 2. Of the towns and 
places where they printed. 3. Of the Hebrew editions de- 
scribed in the work J and 4. Of the Hebrew authors of the 
15th century. To complete this work, the following should 
be added : 

' Annales Hebraeo-typographici ab anno 



*80 WORKS ON TUM 

MDJ. 94 MPXJ^. Digepsit uotigque historicis ki^ 
s.truxit Jpi. Bepn.de Rossi. ¥mmas, 1799, large 4to.- 
This work has the same divisions as the preceding, and is exe- 
,ciit^ in .-the same fipkindid manner. It concludes with a 
singie alph^beticaj table of, w^^tors and their works. M, De 
Rossi has, ^so publishedseve^al othier ^^rks relative to.l^ebrew 
literature, all of wh}(;h are .exceedingly scarce and d«ar. 

EssAi syr YlmpriamdiSj ou ^udques vues sur -la thd- 
orie de cet axt, par un jeune ourrier imprimeur. ^Oxir- 
deaux, 1802, 8vo. 

A small .pamphlet, in w'hich*he anonymous author offers a 
Vi&ry bigh leji^figy on the iart of printing. 

Fertel. — La Science pratique de Flmprimerie, con- 
tenant des instructions tres faciles pour se perfectionner 
dans <;et art ; avec la description d'une presse, une me- 
tbode nouvelle ■€* facile pour toutes sortes d'ijinpositioiis, 
par Martin I>ominique Fertd, imprimeur-Ebraire. 
Saint Qijeter, 1723, 4to. 

FiscHEK. — Beschreibungtypographischerseltenheiten 
und merkwiirdijger handschriften nebst beytragen zur 
erfinduiigs geschischte de buphdruckerbun^ von Gpt- 
thdf Fischer, pjjofessor'ii und biblipth^Gar'n m Jl^finz. 
i. «. A des^a^ion of l^e)gE^)^c^ rarities and jje^iark" 
able MSS. wi$h jxi^teiri^s for a instoa^ af the idiiscov^ 
©f pimtmg, 1^ Gottheff: Fischer, professor amd libiti- 
r-iaja at Majaenoe. 8vo, Nuremberg, 1801. 

A work of deep and curious research, containing documents 
which gresttly illustrate the origin of printing. (Peignot.) 

FouKNiES le , Jemae#-r-ile(aiteil de diifferents Traitis 
sur rimprimerie et les caracteres, par P. S. ■ Foumi** 
le Jeune. Sxnall Svp. Pwsis, 1758-r-17'63. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 481 

(In the London Institution). Tliis curious collection of Tracts 
ought to contain the following articles. 1. Dissertation sur 
i'arigine et ks progres de I'^art de graver en bois, 1758. 9. De 
I'origine et des productions de l' imprinter ie primitive en taille 
de hois, 1759. 31. Obsenputiom sur un ouvrage intitule Vin- 
mciM Typographic^ (by Schoepflin). 4. Remarques sur uh 
xiuvrage intitidi, Lettres sur TOrigine de I'lmprimerie, 1761. 
To these should be added, Lettre d M. Freron au sujet de 
V edition d'une Bible annoncee pour etre la premiere production 
de I'imprimerie, 1763. 

The hypothesis advocated by Fournier in the four first of 
these pieces is, that <Jutenberg is not the inventor of print- . 
ing : but this hypothesis he supports by arguments which; 
may be produced to prove the contrary opinion. Hence he 
defines typography in a manner totally different from most 
writersl He distinguishes it from impressions on wooden 
blocks {taille de bois, a generic term, under which he com- 
prises both fixed vrooden plates and also moveable wooden 
characters) ; and makes typography to consist in the use of 
fusile characters. After giving these definitions, which (M-. 
D^unou observes) are not offered in the neatest manner, Four- 
nier maintains, 1. That long befpfe Gulenbergi, engraving on 
wood had been employed for printing images and inscriptions 
that accompanied them. 2. That Gutenberg, during his re- 
sidence at Strasburg, attempted the apphcation of this art to 
the printing of books. 3. That on his return to his native 
city Mayence, he first printed the TDonatus and the Catho- 
licori of Johannes de Balbis by means of engraved and solid 
blocks. 4. That aftervvards, Gutenburg and Fust conceived 
the idea of separating tHe letters, by sawiilg them ontJie wood, 
in order that they miglit be enabled to vary the composition. 5. 
That by means of this second kind of engraving on .wood, 
they executed two editions of the .Bible, the first of which 
was undertalcen about the .year 1450. 6. That, after the 
dissolution of partnership between Fust and -Gutenberg, 

I I 



482 WORKS ON THE 

another was formed between Fust and Schoiffer, who printed 

the Psalters of 1457 and 1459 with moveable wooden types. 

And lastly, 7. That about the year 1458, Schoiffer invented 

the real art of printing, that is to say fusile types, the first 

fruits of which were the Rationale of Durand, 1459, and the 

Catholicon : which, though begun before the Rationale, was 

not finished till 1460. This ingenious system of Fournier 

was completely overturned by the luminous publication of 

Baron Heinecken, of which an account is given in page 484. 

FouBNiER. — Manuel Typographique, utile aux gens 

de lettres et a ceuxqui exercent les difFerentes parties de 

I'Art de rimprimerie. Par P. S. Fournier le Jeune. 

Paris, 1764, 2 vols, small octavo. 

(In the London Institution.) This work, which is now of great 
rarity, was to have been comprised in four volumes, but was 
interrupted by the author's death in 1768. The first volume 
presents a description of the engraving or cutting of the 
characters and the casting of types, as well as a history and 
detailed account of M. Fournier's newly invented characters 
for music, to which both the Academy of Sciences and M. 
Rameau had given their approval. In the second volume, 
(beside a preliminary advertisement, giving an account of 
the principal type-founderies of Europe) are contained speci- 
mens, 1. of the characters, both Roman and Italic, which are 
usually employed in printing, with the different degrees of 
thickness by which they are respectively distinguished. 2. 
Specimens of vignettes and ornamental characters. 3. A 
collection of oriental and other foreign alphabets, whose cha- 
racters differ from those in common use. Purchasers of this 
work sbould ascertain that the first volume has sixteen plates, 
illustrative of the founding &c. of printing types. Copies are 
rarely to be obtained for less than <£2. 12.?. 6d. 

Fournier. — Traite historique et critique sur I'Ori- 
gine et les Progres des Caracteres de Fonte, pour I'im- 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 483 

pi-essipn de la musique, avec des epreuves de nouveaux 
caracteres de musique, presentes aux imprimeurs de 
France, par M. Fournier le Jeune. Berne (Paris), 
1765, 4to. 

The author of this work treats first on the history of musical 
characters^ and afterwards offers some critical remarks on an 
exclusive privilege for printing music^ which at that time was 
enjoyed by a printer at Paris. As this tract, says Peignot, 
presents the origin and history of musical characters, it af- 
fords precious materiials' for a general history of printing. 
(Rep. Biblidgr.' Universe!, p. 350.) In 1766, M. Ganda, a 
type-founder, published some strictures on Fournier's work, 
intituled " Ohseroatimissur le traite historique de M. Fournier 
sur I'origine des caracteres de fonte pour Vimpression de la 
musique," in 4to. 

FuGGER. — De rOrigine.et des Productions de I'lm- 
primerie primitive, par Jean-George Fugger. Paris, 
1759,, 8vo, 

GiusTiNiANi. — Saggio suUa Tipografia del regno di 
Napoli, da Lor. Giustiniani. Napoli, 1 793, 4to. 

'GuiGNES. — Essai historique sur la Typographic pri- 
entale et Grecque de rimprimerie royale, par M. De 
Gingnes. - Paris, 1787j *to. 

A work replete with curious researches and interesting anec- 
dotes. M. De Guignes also published Principes de composition 
J^ographique en caracteres orientaux,-m 4to, Paris, 1790. 
The design of this work is to assist a compositor in the use 
of oriental characters. M. De Guignes, who was one of the 
most learned men of his day, is best known by his elaborate 
Histoire des Huns, &c. in 5 vol^. 4to, 1758, a work of im- 
mense research. Reduced almost to indigence, at the agp of 
«eventy years, by the French Revolution, M. De Guignes 
li 2 



484 WORKS ON THE 

survived all its horrors, and died in 1800, in the eightieth 
year of his age. 

Heinecken. — Idee Generale d'une Collection com- 
plette d'Estampes, avec une dissertation sur I'origine de 
la Gravure, et sur les premiers Livres des Images. Par 
M. le Baron Heinecken. Leipsic and Vienna, 1771, 
8vo. 

The value and fidelity of this work have long been known and 
duly appreciated by bibliographers and amateurs of the fine 
arts. Baron Heinecken is of opinion that the card-makers, 
who first executed historical subjects intermingled with texts, 
suggested to Gutenberg the idea of cutting letters separately. 
To this experiment he seriously applied at Strasbnrg, and 
ruined both himself and his partners without being able to 
produce a single clean and legible leaf. Gutenberg quitted 
Strasburg, and continued his undertaking at Mayence, With 
John Fust. They began with a Donatus, or Vocabulary, or Ca- 
thohcon (for these three names evidently indicate one and the 
same work), which was, doubtless, executed with wooden blodcs. 
But neither moveable wooden letters nor moveable metal cha?- 
racters, engraved, formed with the knife, and softened in the 
fire, enabled them at first to print a single book. After they 
had thus lost much time and money in these attempts. Fust, 
perhaps with SchoifFer's assistance, at kngth conceived the 
idea of punches and matrices for casting metal types. The 
first fruit of this invention was the latin Bible, which ap- 
peared in 145iO and 1452,, and was followed by the Letters of 
Pope Nicholas V., by the Statutes of Mayence, and, lastly, 
by the Psalter, of 1457. Baron Heinecken's volume is illus*- 
trated with twenty-eight plates, of which Nos. 1, 25» 26, and 
27 are doubles, marked respectively 1 S 1 ^,. &c. Purchasers 
should ascertain the existence of all these plates in th€ir 
copies, as this rare work is frequently robbed of its engrav- 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 485 

ings to, illustrute other books connected with the history of 
printing. The price of the " Idee des Etampes," in good 
condition, varies from ^3, 3*. to £S. 13s. 6d. and will pro- 
bably increase, the further we are removed from the time of 
its publication. A circumstance that greatly enhances thp 
merit of Heinecken's accounts of the Books of Images, is, 
that he actually saw every book which he has described with 
equal accuracy and fidelity. 

Hoffmann. — De Typographiis eoriunque initiis et 
incrementis, in regno Polonige et magno ducatu Lithu^ 
iaiiiae, cum variis observationibus rem litterariam et 
typographicam ntriusque gentis aliqua ex parte illus-. 
trantibus (auctore Joanne Daniele Hoffmann.) Dantisci, 
1740, 4to. 

This small work (containing only 71 pages, beside 8 of pre- 
fatory matter) is divided into four chapters. The first treats 
de initiis artis typographicce in Polonid, in which the author 
is of opinion that printing was exercised in Poland in the 
1 5th century. Chap. 3. treats de ij/pographiis sceculixvi.; 
.the 3d de iypograpkiis seculorum xvii. et xviii. ; and the 4th 
contains varias ohservationes ad rem typographicam pertinentes. 
Each chapter is divided by the names of towns, and under 
each town is given a chronological notice of the printers set- 
tled there. This work (says Peignot),is rare, and is printed 
on detestable paper like most other German books (Rep. Bibl. 
Univi p. 348.) 

Indice de Caratteri, con I'inventori et nomi di essi, 
esistenti nella stampa Vatticana et Camefale. Roma, 
1628, small quarto. 
With a preface, by Andrea Brogiotto. The book is scarce. 

Jansek. — ^De rinvention de I'lmprimerie, ou analyse 
de deux ouvrages, publics sur cet matiere par M. Meer- 
man; suivi d'une notice chronologiq|ue et raisonnee des 



486 WORKS ON- THE 

livres avec et sans date, imprimis avant I'ann^e 1501 
dans les dix-sept Provinces des Pays Bas, par M. Jacques 
Visser ; et augmentee d'environ deux cents articles, par 
I'editeur (M. Jansen). Paris, 1809, 8vo. with one plate. 

An attempt to revive a controversy, which is now finally de- 
cided against Haerlem : the notices relative to the early 
productions of the press in the Netherlands are both curious 
and valuable. 

Johnson. — An Introduction to Logography : or the 
art of-arranging and composing for printing with words 
entire, their radices and terminations, instead of single 
letters. By his A'ajesty's royal letters patent. By Henry 
Johnson. Printed Logographically. 8vo, London, 1783. 

For an account of the method proposed in this work, vide 
supra, pp. 221, 222. 

Judex (Matth^us) De Typographic Inventione et de 
prelorum legitima inspectione. Copenhagen, 1566, 8vo. 

In this work the author vaguiely indicates, first John Fust, a 
goldsmith of Mayence, and then his partners Schoiffer and 
Gutenberg, as the inventors of printing. The most useful 
part of his book (says M. Daunou) is that in which the <Jues- 
tion is examined, in what ought the liberty of the press to 
consist? (Analyse des Opinions, p. 61, note.) 

La Caille. — Histoire de I'Imprimerie et de la li- 
brairie, Son origine et son progres jusqu' ann^e 1689, 
par Jean de La Caille. Paris, 1689, 4to. 

-A work of little estimation on account of its incorrectnesses. 
Some copies however are in request, from a few additions 
which they contain, and which are as follow. On the twelve 
last lines of the second page is pasted a sHp of printed paper : 
to this succeed 12 pages, the two last of which only are num- 
bered. After page 4, for the 12 following pages ^numbered 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 487 

are substituted 12 leaves not numbered ; and instead of pages 
51 to 61 which are suppressedj are inserted 18 pages not 
numbered. (Bibliotheque Historique de la France, No. 47,957, 

. cited by Peignot, Rep. Bib. Universe!, p. 343.) Copies with- 
out these corrections are. of no value. A great number of 
La Caille's mistakes has been corrected by the Abbe Mercier 
de Saint Leger in his Supplement to Marchand's Histoire de 

, TImprimerie, noticed in a subsequent page. 

Lackmanni (Adami Henrici) Annalium Typogra- 
pliicorum selecta qusedam capita. Hamburg!, 1740, 4to. 

Laire. — De rOrigine et des Progres de I'Imprimerie 
en Franche Comte, avec le catalogue des livres qui y 
fiirent imprimes, par Franfois Xavier Laire. Dole> 
1784, 12mo. 

The Abbe Laire, one of the most learned French Bibliogra- 
phers, died at Sens, in 1800. To him are attributed " Me- 
moirs towards a History of Great Men of the 15th century, 
with a supplement to Mattaire's Annals of Typography," 
4to, Naples, 1776. (Diet. Historique.) Peignot, however, 
doubts whether this work (in Latin) ever made its appear- 
- ance. The other works of Laire are noticed in a subsequent 
section. 

Lambinet. — Recherches historiques, litteraires et 
critiques sur I'Origine de I'Imprimerie: particuUere- 
ment sur ses premiers etablissements, au quinzieme 
si^cle, dans la Belgique, maintenant r^unie a la R6pub- 
lique Fran^oise; orn6es des portraits et des ecussons 
des premiers imprimeurs Beiges. Par le citoyen P. 
Lambinet. Bruxelles, Svo, an. vii. (1799.) 
A work of deep and curious research, which in a considerable 
degree illustrates the early history of printing. M. Lam- 
binet explodes the account of Coster as a fable, and is of 
. opinion that printing originated with Gutenberg at Strasburg* 



488 WORKS ON THE 

and was afterwayds perfected at Mayence. Beside the history 
«>f printing, the author has introduced a variety of curious 
particulars relative to the antiquity of engraving in relief and 
ai creur, the substance and form of antient books, paper, ink, 
wooden block-printing, and the origin of playing cards. The 
portraits announced are but two in number, one of Thierry 
Martens, of Alost, copied from his tomb, the other one of 
the Fratres vitce communis, of whom a brief notice is giv*H, 
supra, p. .166, note. These plates, together with a few vig- 
nettes of early printers, given in the text of the book, areT)ut 
indifferently executed. This work was reprinted a few years 
since, under the following title: 

Origrae de I'lmprimerie, d'apres les titres authen- 
tiques, I'opinion de M. Daunou et celle de M. Van 
Praet; suivie des ^tablissements de cet art dans la Bel- 
gique et de I'histoire de la stereotypic; ornee de caiques^ 
de portraits et d'^cussons, par P. Lambinet. Paris, 
1810, 2 vols. 8vo. 

The first volume coptains the author's researches into the 
origin of printing, together with a reprint of M. Daunou's 
Analyse des Opinions, described, pp. 476 — 478, mpra. Almost 
the whole of the second is occupied by a history of the estab- 
lishment of printing in Belgium, and terminates with a his- 
tory of stereotypy, in which Lambinet has exactly followed 
the memoir of Camus, noticed, p.475, supra. 

Lemoine. — Typographical Antiquities : history, ori-. 
gin and progress of the art of printing, from its first 
invention in Germany to the end of the seventeentl^ 
century, and from its introduction into England, by 
Caxton, to the present tim^; including, among a va- 
riety of curious and interesting matter, its progress in 
tlie Provinces, with chronplogical lists of eminent 
printers in England, Scotland and Irela»d, etc. etc. etc. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 489 

Extracted from the best authorities. By Henry Lemoine. 

12mOj London, 1797. 

A^small but highly interesting work. The industrious author 
ascribes the invention of separate wooden types to Laurent 
Coster, at Haerlem, about the year 1430, which were after- 
wards used by his family, and the invention and first use of 
metal types, first cut, and aftei-wards cast, to Gutenberg and 
Schoifier, at Mentz. Among other curioUs particulars this 
unassuming volume presents a neat account of the publica- 
tions which issued from the Strawberry Hill press ; and als6 
a catalogue of Temarkable Bibles and Common Prayer Books, 
from the infancy of printing to the present time. 

LiCHTENBERGER. — Initia Typographica illustravit 
Jo. Fred. Lichtenbrarger gymnasii Argentoratensis pro- 
fessor. Argentorati, 1811, 4to. 

The author minutely details the origin of printing, and adopts 
the generally received opinion, that the first attempts towards 
the art were made at Strasburg and perfected at Mentz. 
The fable relative to Haerlem is rejected. After noticing the 
labours of Gutenberg, Fust and Schoifier, and other typo- 
graphical establishments, formed at Mentz after their first at- 
tempts, M. Lichtenberger proceeds to discuss the introduc- 
tion of printing into the different countries and cities of 
Europe, interspersing anecdotes of the various printers. A 
copy of this work is in the library of the London Institu- 
tion. 

LoTTiN. — Catalogue Chronologique des Libraires et 
libraires-Imprimeurs de Paris, depnis I'an 1470, 
epoque de retablissement de rimprimerie dans cette 
oapitale, jusqu'a present, etc. par A. M. Lotting de 
Saint-Germain. Paris, 1789, 2 vols. Svo. 

LucKOMBE.— T^The History and Art of Printing, etc. 
By Philip Luckombe. London, 1771, Svo. 
The history of printing forms but a small part of this work. 



49Q WORKS ON THE 

which is chiefly occupied by details of the mechanism jof 
printing. The invention of the art is ascribed to Gutenberg. 

LuNZE (Jo. GoTT.) Monumentorum Typographico- 
rum Decas. 12mo. Lipsias, 1799. 

M'Creery. — The Press; a Poem, published as a 
speiiimen of typography. By John M'Creery. Royal 
ito, Liverpool, 1803. 

This work " is not exhibited as the offspring of academic 
.study or uninterrupted leisure," but is chiefly intended as a 
specimen of typography. It is most beautifully printed, 
and illustrated by some of the finest engravings on wood that 
have, perhaps, ever been executed. 

Maittaire. — Annales Typographici ab artis in- 

ventae origine. 4to. 

This work is described in a subsequent section. In his fir^t 
volume (Hag. Com. 1719,) Maittaire places Fust, Guten- 
berg and Schoiffer on the same line, as being the first or 
among the first printers. He adds, that on the dissolution of 
their partnership in 1455, Gutenberg went first to Stras- 
burg and thence to Haerlem, Avhere Corselhs worked for 
him until he was enticed to Oxford in 1459. Maittaire fur- 
ther conjectures, that printing first commenced in 1440, and 
that, after employing engraved plates or blocks, the in- 
ventors made use first of wooden moveable characters, and 
afterwards of fusile types. 

Bernardini a Mallinkrot de Ortu et Progressa 
artis Typographicse. Colonise Agrippinse, 1639, 4to. 

In this work Mayence is considei'ed as the birthplace of typo- 
graphy, and . Gutenberg, Fust and Schoiffer are all three 
regarded as its inventors. 

Marchand. — Histoire de I'Origine et des premiers 
Progres de I'lmprimerie (par Prosper Marchand) a la 
^aye, 1740, 4to. 



HISTORY, OF PRINTING, 491 

* A .treatise remarkable . for various, interesting and curious 
information, and for such , credulity and incorrectness as are 

, seldom to be met with in a scientific work." (Dr. Clarke's 
Bibliog. Misc. vol. ii. p. 79.) 

It is divided into two parts: The first contains the history of 
the origin of printing ; the second exhibits ten pieces by va- 
rious authors, by way of proofs to the former. According 
to Marchand, Gutenberg conceived the idea of printing 
about the year 1440, and completed it at Mayence* For a 
long time this art consisted only in the engraving of letters 
in the reverse way and in relief, on wooden blocks ; and 
thus, a short time before 1450, Gutenberg, by the assist- 
ance of Fust and Meydinbach, printed an alphabet, a Do- 
' natns, and a Catholicon. Marchand does not admit of any 
- moveable characters, either on wood or engraven on metal. 
(Daunou, pp. 87, 88.) In 1775, M. Mercier, Abbe de 
Saint Leger, published a supplement to Marchand's work, 
intituled : " Supplement a I'Histaire de I'imprimerie de Prosper 
Marchand: cm additions Sf corrections pour cet ouvrage. 
Edition revue et augmented, avec un memoire sur I'epoque certaine 
du commencement de I'annee d Mayence, durant le quinzieme 
Steele" 4to, Paris. The first edition of this supplement, also 
in 4to, was published in 1773. The errata of Marchand are 
throughout corrected with , great care. In regard to the 
great question concerning the origin of printing, the Abbe 
Mercier is dissatisfied with the claims urged in favour of 
Haerlem and Strasburg. He is of opinion that, after fixed 
plates or blocks, moveable wooden characters were employed, 
and that with them were printed the Confessionalia and a 
Donatus; that the voluminous Catholicon of - Johannes de 
Balbis could not have been executed xylographically ; that 
the first edition of that work appeared in 1460, printed, with 
fusile types ; and that with similar characters the Psalters of 
1457 and 1459 were executed, but previously to them were 
printed the letters of Pope Nicholas V. M. Mercier, after 



493 WORKS ON THE 

Meerman, distinguishes two brothers, of the name ofGeins- 
fleisch : the elder, who never resided at Strasburg ; and the 
younger, called Gutenberg, who resided at Strasburg, 
whither he had retired before 1449, and who, in 1445, re- 
joined his elder brother at Mayence, in the house of Zum- 
Jungen. (Daunou, pp. 94, 95.) 

Marolles. — Recherches sur I'origine et le premier 
usage des registre^, des signatures, des r^claimes, et 
des chiffres de page dans les livres imprimis (par Magtie 
de Marolles). 12mo, (44 pages) Paris and Liege, 1782. 

A small work of deep research. M. de Marolles ascribes the 
invention of signatures to Johannes de Colonia, who printed 
at Venice in 1474. On this subject, vide supra, pp. 317, 318. 

Meerman. — Origines Typographicae, Gerardo Meer- 
man auctore. Hagae Comitum, 1765, 2 vols. 4to. 

A work highly esteemed by all bibliographers, though the hy- 
pothesis of Meerman, in favour of Haerlem, is exploded as 
a fable : it is most beautifully executed, of rare occurrence, 
and when all the plates are perfect bears a high price. The 
-first volume contains an account of the origin, age and pos- 
terity of Laurent Coster, of Haerlem, and the authorities 
fwhich after all are only the hearsay evidence of Junius) for 
assigning Haerlem as the birthplace of typography j the 
conveyance of printing to Mayence by a servant of Coster's, 
after his death; books printed at his office; the continuation 
of printing at Haerlem, by Coster's descendants, until the 
migration of Thierry Martens and his associates into Hol- 
land ; the conveyance of the art into Great Britain by one of 
the workmen j the new improvements effected at Mayence ; 
and the origin of printing at Strasburg. The second volume 
contains, beside a large collection of testimonies concerning 
the invention of printing, specimens of the first printed 
books, and some very curious particulars relative to the sup- 
posed introduction of printing into England. As this book is 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 493 

sometimes mutilated, by plates beiqg taken out, for the pur- 
pose of illustrating other works, the purchaser should ascer- 
tain that all the plates (12 in number) are correct, viz. Two 
portraits of Meerraan and Coster, and fee-similes, 1. rf Cos. 
ter's supposed Horarium. 2. Of the Haerlem Donatas in a 
large character. 3. Of the Speculum Humane Salvationiii, 
(in Flemish) in bistre-coloured ink. This is a more faithful 
copy than that given by Heinecken from the Latin edition 
(plate 25*.) 4. Of a Donatus in a smaller type than the 
Ibrmer. All tliese Meerman supposes to have been executed 
by Coster. 5. A fac-simile of the first edition of the Spe- 
culum Latini. 6. A fac-simile of the second Latin and 
Dutch editions of the Speculum. 6*. A third Bonatus. 7. 
.Specimen.s of the last productions of the (supposed) Coster'a 
press. 8.. A fac-simile oS the first characters used by 
Gerard and other printers of the Martinian school. And 9. 
Specimens of , characters used in the Laurentian oiSice, as 
well as those of Ulric Zell. 

Mentelii (Jacobi) Excursus de loco et auctore In- 
ventionis Typographicse. Paris, 1644, 4to. 

Mentelii (Jacobi) de vera Typographias Origine 

Paraenesis. Paris, 1650, 4to. 

Both these tracts are reprinted in- the second part of Wolf's 
Monumentd Typographica, noticed in a subsequent page. 
The author, who was a descendant of Mantel, of Strasburg, 
warmly asserts that his ancestor was the inventor of printing. 

MiiTDtETOJi.^A Dissertation concemiiig the Origin 
of Printing in England, shewing that it was first in- 
troduced and practised by our countryman, William 
Caxton, at Westminster ; and not, as is commonly be- 
lieved, by a foreign printer at Oxford. By Conyers 
Middleton, D.I). Principal Librarian of the University 
of Cambridge, 4to, Cambridge, 1735; and also in 
the 5th volume of his miscdlaneous works, 8vo edit. 



494 WORKS ON THE 

In this spirited Dissertation, the honour of Caxton is fully 
proved : the substance of Dr. M.'s argument has already- 
been given. (See pp. 179 — 187.) A French translation of 
this piece appeared at Paris, in 1775, intituled Dissertation 
sur I'origine de V Impritnerie en Angleterre par Middkton, 
traduit de I'Anglois par D. G. Imbert. It is an 8vo pamph- 
let of 46 pages. (Brunet, Manuel, torn. iii. p. 323.) 

MoLLERi (Dan. Guill.) Dissertatio de Typographia. 

Altorfii, 1692, 4to. Reprinted at Nuremberg, in 

1727, 4to. 

In this essay, MoUer says, that, in investigating the origin of 
printing, we must carefully distinguish inter absolute sive 
simpliciter, et inter respective sive secundmn quid ; in other 
words, between the first attempts at the art and its progress. 
M. Daunou characterises this publication, and a thesis of 
Schroedter's (noticed in a subsequent page,) as scholastic 
productions, ridiculous enough to have contributed to dis- 
credit the opinion they assert in favovir of Mentel or Men- 
tellin. (Analyse des Opinions, p. 73 and note.) 

MoMORO. — Traite elementaire de I'lmprimerie; ou 
Ife manuel de I'imprimeur, avec 36 planches en taille. 
douce,,par Ant. Fr. Momoro. Paris, 1793, and (with - 
a new title-page) 1796, Svo. 

A copy of this work is in the library of the London Institu- 
tion. 

Naude. — Additions a I'Histoire de Louis XI. par 
Gabriel Naud^. Paris, 1630, Svo, 

These additions contain numerous anecdotes relative to the 
origin of printing. According to Naude, Gutenberg, of 
Strasburg, was the inventor of the art, which was after- 
wards perfected at Mayence, (where he entered into part- 
nership with John Fust) by the assistance of Schoiffer, who- 
discovered punches and matrices. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 495 

NoRMANN ( .) — Dissertatio academicade Renas-^ 

centis Litteraturse ministra Typographia, 8vo.' 
In Wolf's Monumenta TypcgrapMca, vol. II. pp. 550 — 594. 
The author of this dissertation, who was professor at Upsal, 
is of opinion that Gutenberg's most early editions were pro- 
duced at Strasburg. 

Orlandi. — Origine e Progressi della Stampa, o sia 
dell' arte impressoriaj e notizie dell' opere stampate 
dair anno 1457, sino all' anno 1500, da Eratre Pelle- 
grinoj Antonio Orlandi. Bologna, 1722, 4to. 

This work, whose value is well known to all bibliographers, is 
now becoming very scarce. It contains a number of curious 
disquisitions relative to early printing, and some wood-cuts . 
of the marks or vignettes employed by the first printers. To 
render this work complete, there, should be added to it the 
Catalogus editionum aliquot ah Orlando pratermissarum of 
the abate Francesco Antonio Zaccaria ; which (says the Abbe 
Mercier de Saint Leger) forms part of the 45th volume of 
Opuscoli scientifici, 8[c. raccolli dal Padre Calogera, Venice, 
I2mb, 1778, etteq. 

Paitoni. — ^Venezia, prima citta fuori della Germa- 
nia, dove si escercito I'arte della stampa. Dissertatione 
da P. Giacomo-Maria Paitoni, Somasco. Veneszia, 
1772. 

Though the author of this work has collected some- good do- - 
cuments relative to early printing, in Italy, particularly Ve- 
nice, yet he has not been able to place them in their true 
light, being unacquainted with other more evident proofs . 
since discovered. (Dr. Clarke.) 

Palmer. — A general History of Printing from the 
first invention of it in the city of Mentz, to its propa- 
gation and progress through most of the kingdoms in 
Europe, particularly the introduction and success of it 
here in England; with the characters of the most celes' 



496 WORKS ON THE 

brated prmtere, from the first invention of this art to 

the years 1520 and 1550. By Samuel Palmer. Lon- 
don, 1733, 4to. 

An esteemed work, in which the author (a printer) was as- 
sisted by that singular but learned character George Psal- 
manezar. Palmer considers Fust and Schoifler as the in- 
ventors of printing ; and fixes the origin of printing to the 
year 1440, and the invention of types between the years 
1440 arid 1450. (Daunou.) 
Pater. — -De Germanise miraculo optimo maximo, 

Typis Literarum, earumque difFerentiis, Dissertatio ; qua 

simul artis typographicae universam rationem explicat 

Paulus Pater. Lipsise, 1710, 4to. 

This author is of opinion that Gutenberg invented the art at 
Strasburg, in 1440, and improved it at Mayence about 1430 ; 
that he employed his property in typographical attempts by 
the advice of the celebrated mathematician, MuHer, better 
known by the name of Regiomontanus ; and that, at May- 
ence, he was associated in partnership with John Fust, whom 
Pater surnames Genssfleich. He further adds that, when 
young, he had seen some of the wooden characters used by 
Gutenberg and Fust, previously to the invention of fusile 
types. (DaunouO 
Pellegkini. — Delia prima Origine della Stampa di 

Venezia, per opera di Giovanni di Spira, da D. M. 

Pellegrini. Venezia, 1794, 4to. 

PiEERES. — Description d'une Nouvelle Presse d'lm- 

pfimerie^ par M. Pierres, premier imprimeur ordinaire 

du Roi. Paris, 1 786, 4to, with plates. 

PoKTHMANN. — Essai historique sur I'Imprimerie, 

pkr Jules Porthmann. Pairis, 8vo, IBlO. 

T-bis pamphlet, of 73 pages, Pelgnot announces to be rather an 
oratorical discourse, than an historical essay. 
DiosDADO (Cab. Raym.) de pmna; Typographiae His- 

DBiiicBS aetate. Rom^e. 1793. 4to. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 947 

HiviNi (Andrew) Heeatomba Laadum et Gratiarum, 
ob inventam in Germania abhinc annis CG caleogra-: 
phiam '. ... . immolata, ciim in carminibus .... 
turn declamatiuncula solerani . . . . Lipsise, 1640. 

The form of this work is not ihdicated by Daunou ; who ob- 
serves that the result of Rivinus's prose and verse is, some 
declamations against the claims of Haerlem, and a few quo- 
tations in favour of Mentz. Fust is considered as the prin- 
cipal inventor, with whom Schoiffer and Gutenberg were in 
partnership. (Analyse des Opinions, p. 62, note.) 

Rossi. — See De Rossi, supra. 

RoTH-ScHOXTzii (Friderici) Iconcs Bibliopolarum 
et Typographorum de republica litteraria bene merito- 
rum, ab incunabulis typographiae ad nostra usque tem- 
pora. Norimb. et Altenb. 1726 — 1729„ foUo, 
In two parts, containing 50 portraits. " This volume,^' says 

Peigijot, " is extremely rare, as well as the folli)wing, wljich 

ought to be joined to it." 

RoTH-ScHOLTZii (Friderici) Thesaurus symbolo- 
ram ac Emblematum, id est, insignia bibliopolarum et 
typographorum, ab incunabulis typograiphias ad nostra 
usque tempora. Prsemissa est Job. Conr. Shoerlii Dis- 
sertatio epistolaris, introductionis loco ad notitiam 
horum insignium. Accessit Geo. And. Vinholdi Pro- 
gramma de quibusdam notis et insignibiis bibliopolarum 
et typographorum, Norimb. et Altenb. 1730, fol. 

The first part qnly has been published : the work was to have 
contained fifty-two plates, including an engraved dedication, 
and the author's portrait. (Pejgnot, ^Rep. Bibl. Univ. p. 346.) 
RowE-MoKES, — A Dissertation upon English Typo- 
graphical Founders and Founderies. By Edward 
BowerMores, A.M. and A-S.S. 8vo, Londoijj 1778. 

K K 



;98 WORKS ON THE 

3f this curious work only eighty, copies were printed, wfeich 
are now of very rare occurrence. The learned author com- 
mences with some observations on our early printers, some 
of whom were their own type-founders, and from them de- 
duces his narrative in chronological order, giving, various 
reasons for the names by which our different types are 
known, and interesting anecdotes of the different founders, 
Bp. Walton's Polyglot, &c. The possessor of this volume 
should see that it has an appendix of eight pages, containing 
corrections of, and additions to Mr. Mores's valuable, but 
quaintly written essay. 

• Saint-Paui. — Nouveau Systeme Typographique, 
dont les experiences ont et6 faites en 1775 aux frais du 
Gouvemement, par Dom Francisco Barletti de Saint- 
Paul, ancien Secretaire du Protectorat de France en 
cour de Rome j ou Moyen de diminuer de moitie, dans 
toutes les imprimeries de I'Europe, le travail et les frais 
de composition, de correction et de distribution, de- 
couvert en 1774. Par Madame *****. Paris, 1776, 
4to, and another edition in folio. 

The principle of this system having already been noticed (see 
page 322, supra), it only remains to add, that the mi- 
nutest calculations were made to prove its superiority over 
the ordinary mode of printing. Notwithstanding an advan- 
tageous memoir, relative to it, was presented by MM. 
Desmarets and Barbou, to the Academy of Sciences, the 
complication and immense number of compound charac- 
ters which It would require, have caused it to be abandoned. 
(Peignot, Diet, de Bibliol. pp. 169—171, and Rep. Bibl. 
Univ. p. 351.) 

Santandek. — Essai historique sur I'Origine de Tlm- 
primerie, ainsi que sur I'histoire de son ^tablissemient 
^ans les vilks, bourgs, monasteres et autres endroits de 
i'Europe; avec la notice des imprimeurs qui y ont. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 499 

«e?terGe cet art jusqu'a I'an ISOQ par M. de la Serna 
Santander. Svo, Bruxelles et Paris, 1805. 

This elaborate history of printing forms the first volume of M. 
•Santander's elskborate Dictionnaire Bioliographiq-ae ckoisi du 
XV Siiclc, which will be noticed in a subsequent page. See 
the substance of this volume, pp. 145 — 175, supra. ■ The 
Swppliment an Cdtaiogue des livres de la bihliotUeqite de M. C. 
.la Serna Santander, contains some curious observations on 
the paper-marks of books printed in the fifteenth century, 
illustrated by five large plates of water-marks j and also a 
memoir on the first use of signatures and figures in the art 
of printing. 
Sardini.— Congetture sopra un' antica Stampa cre- 

duta di Litcca del Anna 1468, da March. Giacomp 

Sardini. 4to, Firenze, 179^3. 

" These conjectures," says Dr. Clarke, " are supported by 
original documents, wbii^^ illustrate both the history and ty- 
pography of L,ijcc?i." (Bib, iMjisc. vol. II. p. 59.) 

Sjpin {ios. Ant.) Higtoria jLit(erariQ-T^pograpbipa 
M^iplanensis. Mediolani, 1745, i^l. 

This elaborate w<orlt forms the jfirst volurap of Argelaiti's Bib- 
liotheca Scriptorum Mediolanendum. Milan, 174^, 4 vols. 
folio, 
ScHdEP:FLiNi (JoANNis Danielis) Vindicae Typogra- 

phicse, in (juibus de artis typographies qriginibus dis- 

seritur. Argentprati (Strasburg) rl7fiO, 4to. 

In,the^ibpary,of the Lpndon Institution. — " This work, clas- 
.sicaLinits kind, has secured the glory of the first invention to 
Strasburgj by the instruinentality of John Gutenbprg, some 
time prior.to tb^i|, year 1440; and proves that the merit of 
Mentz qoi^f ts in haying itpproved and r^ndesr^d the use ^f 
the s,rt njpr^. easy ftflwavd? the year 1450." (Dr. Clarke.) 
^eh^gpfii^ b»vipg discovered in the archij^es of Stra^b^j-g 
some impprtant docuBi^ts rd^itive to the hi?twy pf print- 
K K 2 



500 WORKS ON THE 

ing, has inserted them in his Vindicise : thi& book is illustrated 
with m- specimens of early printing at Strasburg, and one 
specimen of SchoifFer's Calligraphy, of the date of 1449, 
M. Fournier published some Observations on the Vindicise, 
which are to be found in his tracts above noticed (pj), 480, 
481.) 
ScHEAG (Adami) Historia Typographise Argentorati 

inventae, 1640, (in Wolfivis's Monumenta Typbgra- 

phica, vol. ii. pp. 1 — 67.) 

This author (whose German essay was translated into Latin by 
Sucksdorf ) endeavours to prove, by the evidence of Daniel 
Speckle, of Gebroiler, and Spiegel, that Mentel invented 
printing at Strasburg; and that it was not practised in Italy 
and France, until it had previously been introduced at May- 
ence by a workman of Mentellin's. Schrag's assertions were 
repealed by Boeckler and Schmid, in some orations dehvered 
in 1640, in honour of the typographic art. These orations 
are to be found in Wolfius, vol. ii. pp. 58 — 188. 

Schwartz.— Primaria quaedam Documenta de Ori^ne 
Typographiae, pars prima et tertia a Christianb Gott- 
libio Schwarzio illustrata. Altorfii, 1740, 4to. ' 

This work was reprinted at Nuremberg in 1793 in a 4to vo- 
lume of Ppuscula Academica, by the same author. From 
the legal process between Gutenberg and Fust, as well as 

"froni the letter of Conrad Huhiery, the Chronicle of Philip 
de Lignamine, and that of Psllmerius, of Pisa; Schwartz 
infers, that Gutenberg' was of noble birth and a native of 
Mayence; that he printed before 1449, the period when hef^ 
entered into partnership with Fust, who,- however, contrt- 
bute'd only-his counsels and his purse to pi-omote the art of 
printing; and that fusile types were invented by Schoiffer, a 
clerk, of the diocese of Mayence, who was a different per- 
son from Schoiflfer, of Gernsheim, who was merely a layman, 
and a workman, and married the daughter of Fust. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 501 

ScRiVERius. — Laurecrans voor Coster van Harlem, 
etc. Harlem, 1628, 4to. 

This piece was translated into Latin by George Quapner, 
- under the title of Petri Scfiiieriii Laurea Laurentii Costeri 
Harlemensis primi Typogr. Inventoris, ifc. According to him^ 
printing was first practised at Mayence about 1450 ; but so 
early as 1430, books with figures had been printed by Coster 
with wooden blocks, excepting the Speculum Salvaiionis, 
' which, in his opinion, was executed with metal types. 

' Seizii (J. Chr.) Annus tertius artis Typographicae. 
Harlemi, 1742, 8vo. 

The author of this curious work espouses the claims of Har- 
lem : the book contains several very interesting cuts relative 
to Coster, the supposed inventor of the art of printing. 

SiMONNEAU. — Recueil d'Estampes gravees en taille- 
douce par Louis Simonneau, pour servir a I'histoire de 
Fart de I'imprimerie et de la gravure. 1694, folio. 

' Recueil d'Estampes, pour servir a I'histoire 

des arts et metiers, gravies en taille-douce, depuis 1694 
jusqu'a 1710, folio. 

" Both these collections," says Peignot, " are scarce and 
curious, for the beauty of their execution, as well as the 
small number struck off. They were executed, by order of 
Louis XIV., under the direction of Louis Simonneau, by the 
most able artists. The completest copy of these collections, 
it is believed, should consist of 168 plates. They were never 
intended for sale." 
Smith. — The Printer's Grammar; wherein is ex 
hibited, examined, and explained, what is reqnisite for 
attaining a more perfect knowledge both in the theory 
and the practice of the art of printing. By John 
^mith. London, 1755, 8 vo. 



503 WORKS ON THE 

Printer's Gfammar. An abridgement of it was pablished in 
1787, intituled The Printer's Grammar, chiefly collected from 
Smith's editidn, in 8vo. 
Stowek. — Typographical Marks used in correcting 

proofs, explained and exemplified. By C. Stower^ 

printer. Svo, London, 1805. 

These marks are also included in 

The Printer's Grammar: or, Introduction to the 
Art of Printing, containing a concise history of the arty 
with the improvements in the practice of printing for the 
last fifty years. By C. Slower. Svo, London, 1808. 

Beside the materials from Smith's Printer's Grammar, the 
author has availed himself of some useful articles from 
Luckombe's History of Printing : his work is further en- 
riched with several communications from eminent printers. 
The minutiae of the art are neatly detailed ; and the me- 
chanism of the press is described and illustrated with spirited 
wood-cuts : specimens of the different sorts of types, now 
chiefly used, are also given. The value of this useful and 
elegant volume is augmented by the insertion of the most 
valuable parts of Dr. Fry's PantograpMa (see p. 455.) 
with some additional remarks. There are a few. copies on 
royal Svo. In the historical part of this work, the origin of 
printing is ascribed to Haerlem ; — its improvement to Mentz. 
Mr. Stower has recently published the Master Printer's Price 
Book, containing the master printer's charges to the trade for 
printing works of various sizes, types, and pages, gfc. i^c. 
Svo, London, 1814. 

Tentzelii (WiLHELMi Ernesti) Dissertatio de artis 
Typographicae Inventione in Germania. (Wolfii Mon. 
Typog. vol. ii. pp. 645 — 700.) 

This disquisition Was originally written in German : the author 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 503 

©pinion that Gutenberg created the an at Strasburg in 1440, 
and went to improve it at Mentz about the year 1450. 

Thiboust (Claudii Lodovici) De Typographic 
Excellentia Carhien. 8vo, Paris, 1718; Svo, 1754, 
in Fren^ and Latin) Svo. 

]:iaude-'Louis Thiboust was printer to the university of Paris, 
where he executed some good editions of the Classics. His 
poem on printing is reprinted at the end of the first volume 
of Achard's Cours Klementaire BibHographique, without the 
notes which accompany the original work. The mechanism 
of the art is described in 120 tdlerably flowing hexameters. 
It is justly characterized by Fournier as being a declamation 
rather than an instruction in the art. (Man. Typog. torn, j, 
p. 11.) 

Thomas. — The History of Printing in America: 
irith a biography of printers, and an account of news- 
)apers. To which is prefixed a conqise view of the 
iiscovery and progress of the art in other parts of the 
rorld. By Isaiah Thomas, printer. Worcester (Mas- 
achussets.) 2 vols. Svo, 1810. 

This work contains a brief account of the materials of which 
books were antiently made — the invention of parchment — 
scarcity and value of books previously to the discovery of the 
art of printing — a comparison of the MSS. execute^ by the 
scribes with the first printed botdts — illumination of books — 
origin and progress of typography in China — its discovery 
and progress in Europe — ^lists of European, Asiatic and Afri- 
can printers, and the places where they exercised their art — 
some observations on the improvements in printing and en- 
graving — the introduction and progress of the art in Ame- 
rica, particularly the United States, with catalogues of the 
first printed books in each. The lists of newspaper^, and 
periodical works are interesting, and notice the political prin- 



«<■ 



vt o Tire rkOT%ci r£ 



504 WORKS ON THE 

annually circulated is computed at 33,222,200. Engraved 
specimens of Caxton's types are given in the first volume, 
and in the second is inserted a curious specimen of North 
American picture-writing. 

TiKABOscHi. — Dell' Inventione della Stampa, Dis- 
sertatione impressa nel Prodromo della nuova Enciclo- 
pedia Italiana, da Girolamo Tiraboschi. 4to, Siena, 
1779. 

From the documents adduced by Meerman, this learned writei- 
proves the claim of Haerlem to be unfounded; that the ho- 
nour of the first invention of typography is due to Slras- 
burg; and that it was improved at Mentz. (Bibl. Misc. 
vol. ii. p. 84.) ( 

Tory. — Champfleury, auquel est contenu Tart et 
science de la vraie proportion des lettres Attiques, ou 
antiques, autrement dites Romaines, selon le corps et 
visage humain. Par Geoffi-oy Tory. 8vo, Paris, 1529,- 
8vo, 1549, 8vo. 

Tory was a printer at Paris, and greatly contributed towards 
the improvement of the art. His book was in its day of con- 
siderable ntility. (Diet. Historique, tom. xii.'p. 105.) Ac- 
cording to Fournier, he derives the letters of the Latin alpha- 
bet frorm the goddess lO, pretending that they are all formed 
of I and O. He then brings the letters into proportion with 
the human body and countenance ; and, after introducino- a 
variety of extraneous matter, he gives the due and true pro- 
portions of letters. For this purpose, he divides a square 
into ten lines, perpendicular and transverse, which form one 
hundred squares completely filled with circles formed by the 
compass ; the whole of which serve to give form and fio-ure 
to the letters. (Man. Typogr. torn. i. p. 13.) 

Vernazza.— Lezione sopra la Stampa da. Giuseppe 
Vernazza. Cagliari, 1778, 8vo. 
s 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 505 

- Appendice d el medesimo alia Lezione sopra la stampa. 
Torino, 1787, 8vo. 

The history of early printing in Sardinia is well, illustrated by 
the Baron Vernazza, who is well known as an able biblio- 
grapher. Another work of his is noticed in a subsequent 
page. 
VrN9ARD. — L'Art du Typographe; ouvrage utile a 
MM. les hommes de lettres, bibliographes, et typo- 
grafphes; contenant, par chapitres et sommaires, les 
details de chacun de deux parties de cet art, les desig- 
nations et les modelles des caracteres des langues mortes 
et des langues vivantes, les proportions et I'alignement 
des vers, un vocabulaire typographique, etc. etc. Par 
B. Vin9ard, typographiste. Paris, 1806, Svo, with 
plates. 

Volt A. — Saggio storico-critico suUa Tipographia 
Mantovana del secolo XV., da Leopoldo Camillo Volta. 
Vinegia, 1786, 4to. 

Watson. — The History of the Art of Printing, by 
James Watson. Edinburgh, 1713, Svo. 

" At best but a meagre performance : it happens to be rare, 
and therefore bibUomaniacs hunt after it." (Dibdin's Bib- 
liom. p. 69, note.) 
WiLLETT. — Memoir on the Origin of Printing. By 

like late] Ralph Willett, Esq. F.R.S. and A.S.S. in 

Jrchceologia, vol. xi. pp. 267 — 316. 

A most elaborate disquisition, in which the claims of Haerlem 
to the invention of printing are satisfactorily refuted; and 
those of Mentz triumphantly established. The fable of Cor- 
sellis is also exploded. Some extracts from this memoir occur 
infra, note B. at the end of the Appendix. 

WoLFius. ■ — Monumenta Typographicaj quae artis 



506 WORKS ON THE 

bujus prasstantissimae originem, laudetn, et abusura pos- 
teris produnt; instaurata studio et labore Joannis Chris- 
tiani Wolfii. Hamburgi, 1740, (two very thick vo- 
lomps), 8vo. 

This very valuable collection of Wolfius consists of pieces, whe- 
ther in verse or prose, entire or extracted, selected by him 
from the principal authors who have written on the history 
of printing ; and including also some original documents il- 
lustrative of its oi-igin and progress. The more important of 
the dissertations contained in these volumes have been noticed 
under their authors' names in the course of this section, to- 
gether with the hypotheses they respectively advocate. Ib 
the first part of this Collection, Wolfius has inserted a Biblio- 
theca Typographical seu elenchus scriptorum, guipartim copiose, 
partim breviter, artem typographicam illustrarurU, ordine al- 
phahelico. This bibliotheca presents a considerable list of 
authors who have either directly or indirectly treated on the 
oiigin of printing : the author cites the editions of works 
devoted entirely to the history or the art of printing ; and, in 
such books as do not discuss tnis interesting subject, or treat 
~bf it only incidentally, references are given to the volume 
and page where the passage is to be found. The Monumenta 
Typographica have sold from 18*. to ^1. 1*. A copy is in 
the library of the London Institution. 

WuEDTWEiN (S. A.) — Bibliotheca Moguntina. Au- 
gust. Vindel. 1787, 4to. 

As this work is more fully described in a subsequent page, it 
may suffice here to remark that the author attributes the first 
productions of the press to Geinsfleisch, otherwise called Gu- 
tenberg or Sorgelock. The first book, printed with moveable 
types, whether of wood or metal, was the Bible, without date, 
but which was begun in 1450. 

Zapf (Geo, Guill.) — Aiinales Typographiae Augus- 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 507 

tanae : accedit Franc. Ant. Veith Diatribe de origine et 
incrementis artis typographicae in urbe Augusta Vinde- 
lica. Augustas Vindel. 1778, 4'to; 2d edit. 1787, 4to. 

The second edition was published by M. Zapf, alone, with 
considerable additions> and the marks or vignettes of the 
printers of Augsburg, from 1468 to 1530. 

Zeltneki (Joh. Conb.) Theatrum virorum erudito- 
rum, qui speciatim typographiis laudabilem operam 
praestiterunt : praemissa est vita Zeltneri, descripta per 
Fridericum Rothscholtzium, Silesium. Norimbergi, 
1720, 4to. 



SECTION II. 
Memoirs of eminent Printers. 

De Aldi Pii Manutii Romani Vita, meritisque in rem 

literatam, dissertationem necdum editam, observationi- 

bus suis illustratam, publice proponit Samuel Lutherus 

Geret. Vitembergae, 1753, ^to. 

Epistole famigliari di Cicerone ^a tra^lotte, ed ora 

in molti luoghi corrette da Aldo Manutio. Venezia, 

1736, 2 vols. Svo. 

At the commencement of this edition, there are some good 
notices relative to the three Aldi, by Apostolo Zeno, inti- 
tuled, Notizie ktterark intomo a' Manuzi stampatori, e alia 
di loTo famiglia. (Peignot, Rep. Bib. Universelle, p. 360.) 

Serie dell' edizioni Aldine per ordine cronologico ed 

alfabetico disposte. Pisa, 1790, Svo. 

Tliis catalogue was compiled by the Cardinal de Brienne, with 
the assistance of Laire. A second edition corrected and en- 
larged was published at Padua in the same year. It was 



508 - WORKS 01<[ THE 

reprinted at Venice in 1791, and at Florence (Pisa), in 1803, 
8vo, with some additions. In this last edition the value of 
each article is given in pauls; but little dependence can be 
placed upon it, on account of the fluctuating prices of early 
printed books. 
Annales de I'lmprimerie des Alce, ou I'histoire des 

trois Manuce et de leurs editions, par Antoine-Augustin 

Renouard. 8vo, Paris, 2 vols, an 12 (1803), and the 

Supplement. Svo, Paris, 1812. 

The high character of this work, for its bibliograijhical accur 
racy, as well as the beauty of its typographical execution; 
rendersany encomium of the editor's unnecessary : there are a 
few copies on large paper. The first volume contains a chro-- 
Dological and classed series of the AJdine editions ; the second 
comprises the lives of the three Aldi, who have conferred such 
lasting obligations on the republic of letters ; together with, 
an historical preface, and documents illustrating the narrative. 
To render these books perfect, vol. i. ought' to have an ele- 
gantly engraved portrait of Aldus Pius Romanus ; and vol. ii. 
another of his son Paulus Manutius, beside jJ»e specimens of 
the Aldine Anchor, and a head of the younger Aldus, neatly 
cut in wood. The supplement is indispensable, to. complete 
this valuable work: it consists of notes, correpting the annals 
of the Aldine press ; — a much enlarged reprint of the list of 
books printed at Venice by Paulus Manutius, and with his 
types for the Venetian Academy ; — an interesting notice of 
the counterfeits of the Aldine editions executed at Lyons and 
Venice;— a catalogue raisonne of the Aldine editions ;-~and 
some additional documents illustrative of the history of this 
learned family. A short but interesting notice of the Aldi 
is given in the Crevenna Catalogue, vol. vi. pp. \^5i, et seq. 
(4to edit, of 1776.) 

Biographical Anecdotes of William Bowyer, Printer. 

See Nichols's Literary Anecdotes of .the eighteenth century, sup-a, 
p. 428. 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 509 

The Life of Mayster Wyllyam Caxton, of the weald 
trf" Kentjthe first printer in England. In which is giveh 
an account of the rise and progress of the- art of prynt- 
yng in England, during his time, till 14.93. Collected 
by, John Lewis, Minister of Mergate in Kent. London, 
1737, 8vo. 

Of this rare volume (Mr. Dibdin believes) only 150 copies were 
printed, all upon royal paper. " While," he continues, " I 
heartily accede to the utility of the work, and acknowledge 
my obligations to its author, J cannot but regret the want of 
fi lucid order, and of an agreeable style, which it manifestly 
betrays. Lewis's biography of Caxton is among the dullest 
of all biographical memoirs. Here and there some gleanings 
of useful antiquarian research may be discovered, but even 
these are too often tediously digressive, and make us forget 
the main object of the performance." (Dibdin's Typog. Ant. 
vol. i. p. Ix. note.) What Lewis failed to accomplish has most 
satisfactorily been executed by Mr, D. whose work is noticed 
supra, p. 470. Lewis's Life of Caxton has a suppositious por- 
trait of him, and also a plate of the water-marks in the paper 
used by him. 

Vie d'EriENNE Dolet, imprimenr a Lyon, dgtns le 
seizjeme siecle, avec une notice des libraires et imprim- 
eurs-auteurs que Ton a pu decouvrir jusqu'a ce jour j 
(par Nee de la Rochelle.) Paris, 1779, 8vo. 

This work is divided into three parts : the first contains the 
life of Bolet ; the second, a catalogue raisonne of his works ; 
and the third a notice of booksellers and printers who them- 
selves were authors. Twenty-five copies of this publication 
were struck off in 4to, on fine paper. Dolet was born at 
Orleans in 1508 or 1509: after filling several stations with 
credit,' and even writing some books on theology, he was 
hung and burnt, Aug. 3, 1546, as a tetapsed atheist. (Peig- 
not, MorerJ.) 



510 WORKS ON THE 

Notice sur les Imprimeurs de la famiMe des Elzivii;k, 
par un ancien biblioth^caire (M. Adry.) Paris, 1806, 8vo* 

This is a pamphlet of 60 pages, extracted from the Magasin 
Enct/clopedique for AugTist and September, 1806. It forms 
part of an introduction to a catalogue raisonne of all the pro- 
ductions of the Elzevir press. This catalogue has not yet 
been published. (Brunet, Peignot.) 

Biographical Memoirs of William Ged ; including 
a particular account of his progress in the art of block- 
printing. By John Nichols. London, 1781, 8vo. 
An account of the process, invented by this unfortunate artist, 
is given, supra, pp. 213 — 215. 

Essai d'Anoales de la vie de Jean Gutenberg, in- 
venteur de la typographic ; par Jer. Jaq. Oberlin, d)e 
rinstitut National de France. Strasbourg, an ix. (1801) 
8vo, with portrait. 

A small work which contains numerous details concerning the 
origin of printing : every thing which Oberlin cduld collect, 
rdative to Gutenberg, is recorded chronologically. Peignot 
has analysed it in the third volume of his Dictionnaire de 

'^^ihtialogie, pp. 233—236. 

Essais sur les Monumens Typograpliiques de Jean 
Gutenberg Mayenjais, inventeur de llhipririierie, par 
Gotthelf Fischer, professeur, bibliothScaire a Mayence. 
4t6, Mayence, an x. (1802.) 

This interesting little volume (which consis^ts of only 103 
pages) contains almost every thing that can be desired, re- 
specting Gutenberg. It is divided into three sections, treat- 
ing, 1. On the circumstances which probably accelerated the 
invention of printing; 2. on the history of Gutenberg; and 
3. on the typographical monuments.of that inventor pf print- 
ing. M. Fischer is also author of a Notice d'unpremier ^o- 



HISTORY OF PRINTING. 511 

iiument Typographique, en caracieres mobiles avec date, connu 
Jusqit'd ce jour, decoiivert dans les archives de Mayence, et 
depose d la Bihliotheque nationale de Pans. Mayence, 1804, 
4to, 8 pages with a plate. A brief notice of the article in 
question is given, supra, p. 138» note 1. 

Eloge Historique de Jean Gensfleisch dit Guten- 
berg, premier inventeur de I'art typographique a May- 
ence, par J. F. Nee de la Rochelle. Paris, 1811, 8vo, 
with a portrait. 

Peignot justly remarks, that a list of all the authors who have 
mentioned Gutenberg would of itself form a volume. As 
the preceding articles are the most important, it is not thought 
necessary to swell this notice with a long catalogue of mere 
references. 

De Florentina Juntarum Typographia, ejusque cen- 
soribus, ex qua Graeci, Latini, et Tusci scriptores, ope 
codicum manuscriptorum, a viris clarissimis pristinse 
integritati restituti, in lucem prodierunt. Accedunt ex- 
cerpta uberrima prsefationum libris singulis praemissa- 
rum. Auctore Angelo Maria Bandinio. Luccae, 1791, 
2 parts or vols. 8vo, 

A profoundly learned work (says Peignot) but witli too little 
criticism. It contains an account of the family of the Giuntij 
and first of Lucantonio, together with a list of the work« 
printed by him at Venice, from the year 1482 to 1532, and 
afterwards by his heirs, till the year 1550. To this succeeds 
an account of his brother, Philip Giunti, at Florence, who 
had, purchased the types used for the Hamer,- commencing 
with the year 1497. A list is 'annexed of tlje books printed 
by him and by his heirs> between the years 1498 and 1551. 
The. particulars relative to the eminent literary characters, 
who corrected Uie press of the Giunti throughout the above 
.period, are interesting to the student of literary history. 



512 WORKS ON THE 

The 6th volume of the Crevenna Catalogue contains a brief 
notice relative to the Giunti, p. 146, the Gryjjhii of Lyons, 
p. 162, acid of the Elzevirs, p. 169. (Edit, of 1776, 
4to.) 

Andreae Jocisci Oratio de ortu, vita, et obitu Johan- 
nis Oporini Basileensis, typographorum Germanise 
principis, Accedit Catalogus librorum ab Oporino 
excusorum. Argentorati, 1569, 8vo. 

Oporinus was one of the most learned printers of his age : he 
was born at Basil, of poor parents, in 1507, and died in 1568. 
So high was his character, that the best writers were desirous 
of having their works printed by him. He excelled all the 
German printers, in the beauty of his Greek characters, and 
the superior correctness of his editions, the proofs of 
which he read himself, and enriched them with very ample 
tables of contents, &c. Oporinus wrote learned notes on 
Cicero, Demosthenes, and other classics. 

Theodori Janssen ab Almeloveen de Vitis Stephano- 
RUM, celebrium typographorum, Dissertatio Epistolica; 
in qua de Stephanorum stirpe, indefessis laboribus, 
varia fortuna, atque libris, quos orbi erudito eorun- 
dem officihaa emendatissimse impresses unquam exhibu^ 
erunt, subjecto illorum indice, agitur. Et Amstel. 1683, 
8vo. 

Michaelis Maittaire Stephanorum Historia, vitas 
ipsorum, ac libros complectens. 8vo, Londini, 1 709. 

This esteemed work is now rare : at' the end of the second 
part ought to be found an Appendix of four leaves. This 
was the first specimen of Maittaire's great skill in Typogra- 
phical Antiquities. The life of Robert Stephens, in Latin, 
revised and corrected by the author, with a new and complete 
jlist of his works, is prefixed to the improved edition of R. 



KNOWLEDGE OF BOORS, ETC. Si 3 

Stephens's Thesaurus, 1734, 4 vols, fblip (Ljt, An, of xviiitji; 
Cent, ypl. iv. p. 560.). i 

Michaelis Maittaire Historia TYPod-RAPHORUM ali- 
quot Parisiensium, Vitas ac libros complectensp J/on- 
dini, 1717, 8 vq. , 

This wojrk is equally rare with the preceding : copies of both 
these y?ox^s are in the library pf. the London Institutipn. , 

Miehaelis Denisii, primi bibliblJiecas Palatii^se cus- 
toms; Suffragium pro Johanne de Spira, pritno Vene- 
tiarum typbgrapho. Yiennse, 1794, 8vo. ' 
In this tract the author shows, ^h^f the first, ^ook printed at 
Vetiice, by Spira, was'CiceroV Letters': and contends that, 
the date of 1461, assigned td the Decor Puellarum printed by 
Jensen atVenice, must have arisen from an error of the pre^s,' 
of which he adduces similar instances in the history of print- 
ing at Vienna. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Books* 



SECTION L 

Works facilitating the Knowledge of Books in general. 

4>nTIOT MTPOBIBAION, w Bi|3;v(oS))««.— Photii My- 
robiblion; sive bibliotheca librorum, qxios legit et censujt 
Photius, patriarcha Constantindpolitanus. Graece edidit 
David Hoescheliusj et notis illusti^avit. Latine vero 
reddidit et scholiis auxit Andrea,s Schottus. Bothomagi, 
1653, folio, edit. opt. 

L L 



6U WORKS OF THE 

Ph6tius was patriarch of Constantinople in the ninth century, 
and perhaps the most learned scholar of his time. His Bib- 
liotheca is one of the most valuable remains of antiquity, and 
contains extracts from, with excellent observations on, two^ 
hundred and eighty authors, the greater part of whose works- 
have long since been lost. The lovers of Greek literature must 
ever regret the non-publication of the MS. of PhotiUs, which 
the late illustrious professor Porson is knowii to have tran- 
scribed for the press, with equal care and' beauty. Baillet has 
given an impartial character of Photius's Bibliotheca ; the 
merit of which is justly a.ppreciated, while its defects are can- 
didly pointed out. Jiigeiriehs des Savans, torn. ii. pp. 7, 8. 

Blount. — Censura Cplebriorum Authorum; sive 
Tractatus, quo varia virorum doctorum de clarissimk 
cujusque saeculi scriptoribus judicia tradunttir, Unde 
facillimo negotio lector dignoscere queat, quid in sin- 
gulis quibusque istorum authorum maxime memorabile 
sit, et quonam in pretio apud eruditos semper habiti 
fuerint. Omnia coUegit et in ordinem digessit Thomas 
Pope Blount, Baronettus. Londini, 1690, folio. 



AcHARD. — Cours El^inehtaire de Bibliographic, ou 
la science du bibliothedaire. Ouvrage mis a la portee 
des eleves des lycees et des ecoles secondaires. Par C. 
F. Achard, Bibliothecaire de Marseille. $ vols. 8vo. 
Marseille, 1806-^1807. 

The late M. Achard " had an ardent passion for bibliographj* 
.but did not understand it so well as he loved it." Such is. 
the severe judgment of Peignot, which we taust, in justice^ 
confirm, lest the student should be misled by the imposirig- 
title of the book.' Though it contains numerous useful facts7 
'yet these are devoid of arfSngfement ; and, is the w'o'rl was' 
published iri liwaisons ov parts, by subscription, it slrditld 



KNOWLEDGE OF BOOKS, ETC. 515 

seem that for want of tnateiials, the author was obliged to 
make copious extracts from Santander, the Abbes Maoro 
Boni and Bartolomeo, Gamba, and other able bibliographers. 
The most useful part of the work perhaps is his coUectioti of 
the systems recommended by De Bure, Peignot, Barbier, 
&c. &c. 
Babktti. — The Italian Library: containing an ac- 
count of the lives and works of the most valuable au- 
thors of Italy; -with a pi^eface, Exhibiting the changes 
of the Tuscan language,, from the barbarous ages to the 
present time. By Giuseppe Baretti. London, 1757, 
Svo, 

Barbal. — Nouvelle Bibliotheque Choisie, ou Ton 
fait connoitreles bons livres en divers genres de littera- 
ture, et I'usage qu'on en doit faire, par I'Abbe Barral. 
Amst. 1714, 2 vols. 12mQ. ' 

BarTholini (TnoatE) de legendis libris Disserta- 
tiones; quas propter raritatem ac praestantiam publieee 
luci restituit, et de vaak librorum pompa prsefatus est 
Joh. Ger. Meuschen. Hags^Com. 1711, Svo. 
The first edition of this rare work appeared in 1675, in 8v6. 
The author proceeds on the principle recommended by Qain* 
tilian, of fiirst selecting authors, and afterwards choosing 
passages from their works. According to Bartholin us, the 
.Ipestbookof Aristotle is his treatise de Animalibus ; of Hip- 
pocrates, Coaca Prmotiones; of Cicero, de Offieiis; of 
Galen, du usu Partium; of Theocritus, the twenty-seventh 
Idyll; of Virgil, the sixth book of the JEneid; of Horace, 
the first and seventh of his Epistles ; of -Catullus, Coma Bere- 
nices; of Juvenal, iht sixth Satire; of Plautuis, the Epidicus; 
of Tertullian, de Pallia ; of St, Augustin, de Civitate Dei ; 
of Paracelsus, de Chirurgia ; of Severinus, de Ahscessihus ; 
of Budaeus, Commentarii de Imgud Chraca ; of Joseph Scali- 
ger^ de Emendatione temporum ; of BellaFmin, de Seripiori' 
L L 2 



Sl(> WORKS 0]Sf THE 

bus &:cksiasticis ; of Salmasius, Exercitationes PliniaruB; 
of Vossius, Institution's Orn^orj^ ; of Heinsius; Aristarchus 
Sacer; and of Casaubon, Exercitationes in Baronium. Si- 
milar judgments, however> are not always to be depended 
. upoii. M. Peignot (to whom we are indebted for the pre- 
sent analysis of this curious work) remarks that an Index 
Uterarius, whifch should exhibit the result of sound criticism 
on select passages from the works of the^ principal writers,, 
would be of the greatest utility,; bpth for perfectipg the taste, 
and also for facilitating the formation of a good but not vo- 
luminous library. Thus, a rick man, of an original and well, 
instructed mind, might conveniently furnish himself witl^ 
such a library J he could purchase a work, and after perus- 
ing it, if he should find only one page of any value, he could 
tear out the leaf, and commit the rest of the book to the 
flames ! His library, indeed, would not appear very large, 
but it would be the mofe precious. (Peignot, Diet, de 
Bibliol. tom. i. p. 385.) 'A cppy of the best edition of Bar- 
tholinus, soldfrom the late Rev, Dr, Gpssett's library, for tha 
very moderate sum of .4.s. Gd., , > 

BiBLioGRAPHiE Etrangere, ou repertoire methodique 
des ouvi^ages interessans en tous genres, qui ont parus 
en langues anciennes et modernes, dans les divers pays 
etrangeres a la France, 1800—1810. 3 tomes. Svo, 
Paris, 1800—1810. 

This work is a catalogue raisonne of all the books in the Jour- 
nal General de la Litterature Etrangere. 

BooLARD. — Traite elementaire de Bibliographie, 
par S. Boulard, imprimeur-libraire. Paris, 1804, 1805, 
2 parts, Svo. 

This work discusses the qualifications of biblipgraphersr— the 
principal work^ of which a library ought to consist — the 
rarity and depreciation of books — the choic.e. of books and 
edilions-^the invention of printing— rthe fpraiation pf a li- 



KNOWLEDGE OF BOOKS, ETC. 517 

brary*-^antient editions— manuscripts,- &c. For the. present 
notice of M. Boulard's work, we are indebted to Achard's 
Cours 'element; de Bibliographie, torn. iii. p. 5, et seq. The 
chapters on MSS. and the choice of French books for a 
Hbrary are given entire in pp. 8—13, 55^-73, of the same 
volume. 
BuRi (RiCHARDi DE, Dilmcnensis Episcopi) Phylobi- 

blon de querimoniis librorum, omnrbus literarum ama- 

toribus perutile (Spireei per Johannem et Conradum Hiist, 

inclytce Spirensisurbis librarios.J MCCCCLXXIII. 4to. 

This is considered by Santander (Bibl. Chois. torn. ii. p. 357.) 
as the first edition; though Brunet (Manuel, torn. i. p, 189.) 
notices one at Cologne, l473, 4t6, without any' printer's 
name, as being the editio princeps. It was again reprinted at 
Paris, with the title: Richardi de BUri Pkilohihlion, seu de 
amore librorum et imtitutione hihliothecarum tractatus, apud 
Jodocum Badium Ascensium. Paris, 1500, 4to. Another 
edition appeared at the same place and in the same year, 
by Philip for Petit, also in 4to. The next edition was 
at Oxford, in 1599. Another appeared at Frankfort in 

' 1610, 8vo, with a " century of philological letters," col- 
lected by Goldastus. A second 8vo edition was printed at 
Leipsic in 1 674, 8vo ; and lastly, a handsome impression in 

• 4to, at the same place/ in 1703. Of all these editions some 
notice will be found in Mr. Dibdin's Bibliomania, p. 38, note. 
The Oxford edition of 1599, by Thomas James, is most 
known in this country, but (like all the others) is exceedingly 
rare : a copy of it, as well as of the' Frankfort edition, is in 
the British Museum. The work is also extant in MS. in 
the Cottonian library, in the Royal libirary, and in other 
libraries at Oxford and Cambridge.' 

Richard Aungervyle or de Bury, bishop of Durham, was 
born at Bury St. Edmund's (whence his name) in 1281, and 
educated at Oxford : he was tutor to Edward III. by whom 
he was advanced to the' episcopal dignity in 1333; in the fol- 
lowing, year he was made lord high chancellor, and in 1336, 



318 WORKS ON THE 

treasurer of England. This learned and munificent prelate 
founded a public library at Oxford .for the benefit of the 
students: having furnished it with the best collection of 
books then in England, he fixed it in the place where Durham 
(now Trinity) College was subsequently built ; and wrote 
his Philobiblion, a treatise containing rules for the manage- 
ment of the library, how the books were to be preserved, 
and on what conditions lent out to the scholars. It is written 
in very indifferent Latin, in a declamatory style, and is 
divided into 20 chapters. In chapter I. the author praises 
wisdom and books in which it is contained. II. That books 
are to be preferred to riches and pleasure. III. That they 
ought to be always bought. IV- How much good arises 
flrom books, and that they are misused only by ignorant 
people. V. Th?it good monks write books, while bad ones 
are otherwise employed. VI. The praise of the antient 
begging friars, with a reproof of the modern ones. VII. He 
bewails the loss of books by fire and wars. VIII. He shews 
what fine opportunities he had of collecting books while he 
was chancellor and treasurer, as well as during his embassies. 
IX. That the antients surpassed the moderns in hard study- 
ing. X. That learning arrives at perfection by degrees, and 
that he had procured a Greek and Hebrew Grammar. XL 
That the law and law books are not properly learning. XII. 
The usefulness and. necessity of grammar. XIII. An apo- 
logy for poetry, and the usefulness of it. XIV, Who ought 
to love: books. XV. The manifold advantages of learning. 
XVI. Of writing new books and mending old ones. XVII. 
Of using books well, and in what manner they should be 
placed. XVin. An answer to his calumniators. XIX. On 
what conditions books are to be lent to strangers, XX Con- 
clusion. 

Beside the Philobiblion, our author wrote Eamiliarium Epis- 
tolarum lihrum unum : Some of these letters are addressed 
to Petrarch, with whom he corresponded. He also com- 
posed Orationes ad Principes, in one book. It should be added. 



KNOWLEPGE OF BOOKS, ETC. 519 

thj^t the real author is supposed to baye been Robert Holcot, 
a Dpmipican friar. (Biog. Brit. 2d edit, vol. I. pp. 37 0» 371, 
and the authorities th^re referred to, virbich contain some addi- 
tional particulars, of which the limits of this notice will not 
admit the insertion-) 
Calmet.— Dissertation sur la matiere et la forme des 
livres anciens, par dom Augustin Calmet. 

In the first volume of bis elaborate Commentaire Litterale sur la 
Bfble. Parjs, 1724, yol. I. part I. page xl, et seq. 

Collins. — A Guide to Parents and Tutors in the 

«hoice and use of books in every branch of education ; 

pointing out their respective merits, and the ord^r in 

which they should be successively adopted. By Joshua 

Collins, A.M. 12mo, London, 1805, (4.th edit.) 

Though professedly devoted to the information of youth, this 

useful little work demands a notice, as containing one of the 

best lists of standard modern English works. A new edition 

with corrections (which we have not seen) has lately been 

published. A similar work was printed many years ago, 

intituled " Directions for a proper Choice qf Authors tofqrm 

a library, intended for those readers who are only 

acqufiinted with the English language. With a correct list of 
proper hooks on the several subjects." London, 1766, 8vo. 

J)i;kina. — Bibljopea, o sia I'arte di compor Libri, 
da Carlo Denina- 8vo, Torino, 1776, 
In the library of the London Institution. 

Dekis. — Eirdeitung in Buckerkunde, &c. i. e. An 
Introductirai to the Knowledge of Books. By M. 
iDenis, keeper of the Imperial library at Vienna. 4to, 
2 vols. Vienna, 1777, 1778; 2d edit. Vienna, 1795, 6. 
2 vols, 4<to. 

This work, as well as every other of the same author, is greatly 
esteemed on tb? Continent : no French or English translaliton 



520 WORKS ON THE 

of it has yet been published. Considerable extracts, how- 
ever, are inserted in the Esprit des Journeaux of March, 
April and May, 1779; and of March, September, October 
atid December, 1780. (Brunei, tom. i. p. 333.) The fol- 
lowing outline of M. Denis's Introduction is given from the 
Monthly Review (Old Series) vol. Ixi. pp. 303, 304. " This 
work, which is the substance of a course of academical lec- 
tures, designed to give his pupils an extensive knowledge of 
books, and to assist them in forming libraries, is divided by 
the author, into two parts. The first is called bibliography ; 
the second contains the history of literature. The bibliogra- 
phical part is divided into three periods. In \ht first is given 
an account of the books relative to the Jews, Orientals, 
Gfeeks and Romans, to the establishment of Christianity — of 
the origin of writing — the primitive forms of letters — the 
substances on which writing was performed — the instruments 
employed — and of the forms of books. The second period 
contains a history of books relative to the eastern, western, 
and tbe remotest nations : it exhibits the preludes to the art 
of printing — its actual discovery, progress and improvement 
during the 15th century. The third period presents a history 
of the most celebrated libraries in Europe, comprehending 
printed books and MSS. In this exhibition the books are re- 
duced under the classes of theology, law, philosophy, physic, 
mathematics, history and philology; and are considered 
with respect to their number, their qualities, rarity, &c. 
And the manuscripts, in whatever language, are enumerated, 
but without many critical illustrations." 

DiBDiN. — Bibliomania; or, Book-Madness; a bib- 
liographical romance, in six parts, illustrated with cuts. 
By the Rev. Thomas Frognal Dibdin. London, 1811, 
8vo. 

This "Bibliographical Romance" was preceded by a pamph^ 
let of 87 pages, intituled Bibliomania ; or. Book-madness ; 
containing some account of the history, symploms and cure of 



KNOWLEDGE OF BOOKS, ETC. 521 

' this fatal disease, in an epistle, to Richard Heber, Esq. 8vo. 
XiOndon, 1809. To the extensive and amu^ng information 
contained in these works, the- larger voliime especially, the 
limits of this notice are inadequate to render justice. All 
Mr. Dibdin's publications are indispensably necessary to the 
bibliograpljical student. Happy rtiay he deem himself who 
possesses a copy of this work; which, though published at 
JEI. 7i. is now not to be procured for less than JE6. 6s. > The 
deserved popularity of the Bibliomania suggested to some 
anonymous writer the idea of satirizing the mania for prints 
in a volume intituled " Chaltographimania ; or, the Portrait 
Collector and Printseller's Chronicle, with irifatuations of every 
description. A humorous poem, in four hooks, with copious 
notes explqnfitqry. By Saiiricus Sculptor, Esq. London, 1814, 
8vo. ' Of this the less is said the better. The poem is any 
thing but humorous, and to the notes may justly be applied 
the author's motto Cacoethes Carpendi : it is throughout tinc- 
tured with malevolence. The cut prjefixed, purports to be 
copied from an unique print of Will Somers the jester, which 
has no existence ! — Mr. Dibdin's first amusing trifle gave being 
to an anonymous and vapid attempt at wit, called Biblioso- 
phia ; or, Book Wisdom ; c&ntaitiing. some account qf that 
glorious vocation, hook collecting. By an Aspirant. 11. The 
Twelve Labours of an Editor, s^arately pitted against those of 
Hercules. 13mo, London, 1810. 

J. F. EcKHABD. — Exercitatio de editione librorum 
apud veteres. Isenaci, 1776, 4to. 

JoH. EsBERGii de libris veterum Exercitatio. iJp- 
sallae, 1701, 4to. 

Fekriar. — The Bibliomania, an Epistle to Richard 
Heber, Esq- By John Ferriar, M.D. London, 1809, 
4.to. 
This littk poem very lightly touches the subject ; and to the 

resret of the reader concludes almost as soon as it begun. 
" • 8 



523 WORKS ON THE 

G£gK£B.-<-BibIiotheca instituta et collecta, primum a 
Conrado Gesnero; deinde in epitomen redacta, et no- 
vorum Hbrorum accessione locupletata, tertio recognita, 
let in duplum post priores aucta, per Josiam Simlerum; 
jam vero ppstremo aliquot mille, cilm priorum turn np- 
vorum authorum opusculis, ex Viennensi Austriae Bi- 
bliotbeca ampMcata, per Johannem Jacobum Frisium 
Tigurinura. Tjguri, J583, folio. 

This edition is more esteemed than that of 1545. Conrad 
Gesner, surnamed the Pliny of Germany, was born at Zurich 
in 1516, and died in 1565. Consult Dibdin's Bibl. pp. 
39, 40. 

Heinsius.— Algemeines Bucher Lexicon, oder al- 
phabetisches Verzeichniss der in Deutschland und den 
angrenz den Landem gedruckten bucher, &c. i. e. An 
Universal Bibliographical Dictionary of books printed 
in Germany and the neighbouring counties, with the 
names of the editors and the prices (in dollars and 
groschen.) By William Heinsius. Lgipgic and Paris, 
1793--1798, 5 vols. 4to. 

Jacobi Jacob^i Dissertatio philologico-critica, de 
materia et forma librorum apud veteres, ante inventam 
artem typogTaphicam ex occasione eorum, qui in Novo 
Testamento occurrunt. Hafiiiae, 1706, 4to. 

Kett. — Elements of General Knowledge, intro- 
ductory to useful books in the principal branches of 
literature and science, with lists of the most approved 
authors, including the best editions of the classics. By 
Henry Kett, B.D. 7th edit. London, 1809, 2 vols. 
Svo. 

This useful work is noticed here on account of the copious list 
of books at the end of the second volume. In the selecting 



KNOWLEDGE OF BOOKS, ETC. 533 

the editions of the Greek classics, the author had the assist- 
ance of the late eminent Greek Professor Person. 

Henrici Sigismundi Marquarti de re libraria se- 
lecta qu?edam. Jenae, 1691, 4to. 

MouTARD.^Manuel Bibliograpbique dps Amateurs, 
(par M. Moutard, libraire.) Paris, 1780, 3 vols. 8vo. 

Oldys. — The British Librarian: an abstrapt of 
scarce books in all languages. By William Oldys. 
London, 1738, 8vo. 

Copies of this very correct work, which is of rare occurrence 
and sells at a high price, are in the libraries of the Royal 
and London J^stitutipiis. 

Peignot. — Dictionnaire raisonne de Bibliologie,^ 
contaiant 1?. Tesylication des termesrelatifsalabiblio- 
graphie, a I'art typographique, aux langues, aux ar- 
chives, aux manuscrits, aux medailles, aux antiquites, 
etc. ; 2". des notices historiques d^tailles sur les princi- 
pajes biblioth^ques anciennes et modernes ; sur les dif- 
ferentes sectes philosopbiques, sur les plus c^lebres im- 
priraeurs, sur les bibliographes, avec la Hste de leurs 
ouvrages ; 3". recplieaticHi des difFerents sjrstemes biblio-i 
grapMques, etc. Par Gabriel Peignot. Paris, vols. L 
IL 1802; vol. in. (Supplement) 1804. 

M. Peignot is one of the ablest French bibliographers, and by 
his various writings (which are noticed in the course of this 
work) has contributed most essentially to the illustration of 
the study of bibliography. All that is promised in the above 
title is strictly performed. The Supplement is indispensably 
necessary to complete the work; the second volume is ter- 
minated by a copious synoptical table of bibliology. Since 
this edition was printed the author has announced, that he 

. has carefully revised his work, and made such considerable 



524 WORKS ON THE 

additions to it, as would alone form three thick volumes 
(Rep. Bib. Un. 387.) 

Repertoire Bibliographique Universel ; contenant If 
notice raisonnee des bibliographies speciales publieei 
jusqu'a ce jour, et d'un grand nombre d'autres ouvragei 
de biblipgraphie, relatifs a I'histoire litteraire, et a toutes 
las parties de la bibliologie. Par Gabriel Peignot 
Paris, 1810, 8vo.. 

All that is promised in the title of this elaborate work is amplj 
executed in its instructive pages ; to which the author oi 
this volume acknowledges himself indebted for numerous in- 
teresting notices.. 
Rive. — La chasse aux Bibliographes et antrquaires 
mal-avisesj par un des el6ves de M. I'Abbe Rive (Rive 
himself.) Londres (Aix) chez N. Aphobe, etc. 1788j 
8vo. 

This work is now of rare occurrence : it abounds with scur- 
rilities and good bibhographical notices. Two hundred 
copies only were printed : one is in the library of the Lon- 
don Institution. 

Chronique Litteraire eds ouvrages imprimes et ma- 
nuscrits de I'Abbe Rive, des secours dans les let- 
tres, que cet Abbe a fournis a tant de litterateurs 
Fran9ois ou etrangers, de quelque rang et profession 
que CO soit, &c. &c.. &c. Eleutheropolis (Aix) de I'inj-; 
primerie des Anti-Cppet, des Anti-Jean-Dieu, &c. 
I'an 2'. du nouveau siecle. Fran9ais, 8vo. 

The Abbe Rive was one of the ablest and most scurrilous 
bibliographers of his time. His printed works amount to 
twenty-two : and in his Chronique he announces thirty-three 
distinct works, some of them extensive, beside a host of ma- 
nuscript memoirs relative to natural history, literature, poli- 
tics and antiquities ; all of which attest' his learning, talents 



KNOWLEDGE OF BOOKS, ETC. 525 

and indefatigable industry. A stroke of apoplexy termi- 
nated his life in 1791. 

Salden — Chr. Liberii (Guill. Saldeni) Bibliophilia; 
sive de scribendis, legendis, et aestimandis libris, exer- 
citatio parsenetica, Interserta quaedam sunt de plagio). 
litterario, thrasonismo theologorum, &c. Ultrajecti, 
1681, 12mo. 

Diecmann, in the Theatrum pseudonymorutn Placcii, No. 
1573> p. 418, ascribes this work to Salden, under the as- 
sumed name of C. Liberius. ' , 

GuiLLELMi Saldeni Ultrajectini de Libris, varioque 
eorum usu et abusu, libri II. cum indicibus. Amst. 
168^, 8vo. 

An instructive work, which is analysed by CaiJleau. (Diet, 
Biblio^r. torn. iii. pp. 481 — 484.) Our limits forbid an ab- 
stract of it. The book is not dear ; clean copies cost frorn 
3«. Qd. to 7s. The bibliographical student may consult one 
at the library of the London Institution. 

Savage. — The Librarian ; being an account of scarce, 
valuable and useful English' books, manuscript libra- 
lies, public records, &c. &c. By James Savage. Svo, 
London, 3 vols. 1808, 9. 

ScHOETGENii (Christ.) Historia Librariofum et 
Bibliopolarum veteris et medii sevi. 

This instructive dissertation is to be found in the third volume 
of Polenus's Supplement to Graeyius's and Gronovius's splen- 
did collections of Greek and Roman antiquities. It is richly 
deserving of translation ; and might, without much difficultyj^ 
be continued to later times. 



526- WORKS TREATINidf 

SECTION II. 

Works treating on Rare Books. 

Jo. Bapt. Audiffredi Catalogue Historico-Critlcus 
Romanarum Editionum Saeculi xvi. Romas, 1783, 4to. 

i 

The value of this catalogue has long been known, and its 
fidelity duly appreciated. At the end is, or ought to be, 
a 4to plate of printers' vignettes or marks, as \fel\ as a speci- 
men of the Lactantiusf printed at Subbiaco in 1465. A fine 
<Sopy of it from the Merly library (fio. 104) sold for tlie 
moderate sum oi jEl. Is. 

Jo. Bapt. Audiffredi Specimen Historico-Criticum 
Editionum Italicarum Saeculi xvi. Romse, 1794, 4to. 
Copies of both, these erudite works are in the library of the 
London Institution. 

Barbier. — Nouvelle Biblioth^qile d'un Homme de 
gout entierement refondue, corrigee, et augmentee par 
A- A. Barbier et N. M. Dessessarts. Paris, 180S et 
seq, 6 vols. Svo. 

Dissertations sur Sbixante Traductions 

Fran9oises de rimitatidn d€ J. C et sur son Auteur. 
Paris, 1812, 12mo. 

Bauer^ — Bibliotheica Librorum Rariorum Univer- 
ga,Hs^ aiictore Jo. Jac. Bauer. Nuremberg, 1770^-^1791. 
7 vols. 8vo. 

"this work is arranged alphabetically according to the author's 
name. The two last volumes are supplemental. This collec- 
tion contains some good things, says Peignot, but the author 
has been too lavish of the words varus, rarissimus, paucissimis 
cognitas, etc. 



ON RAEE BOOKS. 527 

, BEto^i-^ Anecdotes of Literature ta3 Scarce Books. 

By the Rev. William Bdoe. 8vo. London, 1809 — 12. 

6 vols. 

Tine author is reported to be occupied in preparing an im- 
proved edition of tliis instructive work. 

Comelii a Beughem Incuhabula Typographise, sive 
Catalogiis Libfofuift Scriptoifum prdximis ab inven- 
tioile anhis, ufeque ad M.D. inclusive, iti quavis Miigiia 
Editorum, etc. Amstel. 168$.. l2mo. 

A most inaccurate work ; which is noticed merely to prevent 
the student front purchasing what will aitbrd him no certain 
information. 

AususTi BKYfiai Memoriae Historico-Critic« Libro" 
rum rariorum. AcCedunt Evangeli Cosmopolitani not£6 
atl Jph. Bureh. Meiickenii de Charlataneria Erildito»^ 
rum Declamationes. Dresdae et Lipsise, lYS*. 8Vo. 

A curious and valuable work, as well for the selection of 
articles, as for the bibliographical disquisitions it contains. 

BRAUN.-^Nbtitia Historicb-Literaria de Libris ab^ 
artis typographicse Inventione usque ad annum 1500 
Impressis, in bibliotheca liberi ac imperialis'monasterii 
a'd SS. UdalricUin et Afrain Augustse extaritibus. Aug. 
Vindel. Part I, 1788. Part II, ITSS, 4to. 
A scarce and interesting W(Jrk. The atlthbr is fliddus 
Braun, librarian of the convent of Satints Ulrie aiid Afrk at 
Augsburg. Indep^dentiy of, the fidelity ;©f the descriptions, 
-this work is further illustrated by elevien plates, exhibiting 
76 alphabets and specimens of .chairacters used by the first 
German printers. 

BauNET.—'Manuel du Libraire, et de I'amateur des 
livres; contenant, l°. Un nouveau dictionnaire Biblio- 
graphique. 2°, Une tablfe en forme de Catalogue 



528 WORKS TREATING 

Baisonh^. Par J; C; ,Bmnet,. ffls. Paris, ISIO, 3 vols. 
8vcf. ■ . , : .uvc. ■>-.'-■ . . ■• 

The most compendious and correct Bibliographical Dic- 
tionary extant;— the result of 30 years' careful examination 
of Books. The two first volumes contain, in alphabetical 
order, an account- io^ the most valuable and use^ful books, 
bothantient and modern, with , brief pptic.es of their differ-j 
ent editions, and remarks by which to ascert|^in coujiterfeit . 
editions. Brief, but sufficient hintsare subjoined fgr collatrj 
ing antient works, and books of plates; and the prices, 
given at the principal sales within the last 40 years, for the 
most rare ' books, are also stated, &c. &c. In ' the third 
volume, which forms a catalogue raisonne, are methodically 
<;lassed all thfe works indicated in the dictionary, together 
with, a great number of useful, but not dear,- books, Virhich: 
fould not be placed among the rare and. valuable wprks,' To 
M. Brunet's researches we are indebted for the notice of 
many valuable articles introduced into the third part of th^ 
present work. 

, BRYDGES.-r^Censura Literaria; containing titlep, ab- 
stracts, and opinions of old English books, ^ith original 
disquisition^, articles of Biography, and other Jiterarjr 
antiquities. By Sir Egerton Brydges, K. J. London, 
18^05—9, 10 vols. 8vo. 

The British Bibliographer, By Sir Egerton Brydges, 
K, J. London, 1810 — 13. 4 vols. 

Restituta; or the Titles and Characters of old Books 
in EngUsh Literature, and their authors, revived.' By 
Sir Egerton Brydges, K. J. London, 1814, 8vo.' 

Of this last work only three numbers have yet appeared. The 
lovers of antient English literature are in no common 
degree indebted to Sir E. B. for the rich fund of informa- 
tion comprised in the works above-mentioned. Their valuci 



ON RARE BOOKS. 329 

is best attested by the ample prices they bear ; a copy of the- 
Censtira in boards, selling for ^10. and the Bi"it. Biblio- 
grapher not being procurable for less than £8. 

Cailleau, — ^Dictionnaire Bibliographique, historiquej 
et critique des livres rares, pr^cieux, singuliers, estimes, 
et recherches, &g. Suivi d'un Essai de bibliographic, 
Ou il est traite de la connoissance et de I'amour des 
livres, de leurs divers degres de rarete, &c, (Par MM. 
L'Abbe Duclos, et Cailleau). 8vo, Paris, 1790, 3 vols. 
Imperfect as this work confessedly is, it is still deserving of 
commendation : because its authors had not that assistance 
which can at the present time be abundantly obtained. 
(Brunei, torn. i. Pref. p. vi. note.) Vol. IV. or the Supple- 
ment to it, was published in 1802 by Mr. Brutiet, and is 
indispensably necessary to complete the work. The three 
first vols, were reprinted at Liege in 1791. 

Camus. — Notice d'un livre imprim6 a Bamberg en 
1462, lue h I'lnstitut, par Arm. Gast. Camus. Paris, 
an vii. large 4to. 

This small work contains some valuable -notices relative to the 
origin of printing. The Bamberg Book contains three dis- 
tinct works : 1. Allegory on Death. 2. Four Histories, taken 
from the Bible, and 3. The Biblia Pauperum. The subscrip- 
tion of the second article in this collection purports that the 
book was printed at Bamberg, by Albert Pfister, in 1463. 

Clarke. — A Bibliographical Dictionary ; containing 
a Chronolo^cal Account, alphabetically arrange(J, of 
thp most curious, scarce, useful, and important books 
in all departments of literature, from the infancy of 
printing to the beginning of the 19th century; including 
the whole of the fourth edition of Dr. Harwood's View 
of the Classics, with innumerable additions and amend- 
ments. To which are added, an Essay on Bibliography, 

MM 



33Q WORKS TREATING 

and an account of the best English translation of each 
Greek and Latin Classic. (By Adam Clarke, LL.D.) 
Liverpool and Manchester, 1802 — 4. 6 vols. 12mo. 
A few copies also on large paper, in 8vo. 
This work is indispensable to the bibliographical student. It 
contains a summary of the life of each author, the time 
when he lived, and his works, a distinct notation of the 
editiones principes et optima, — and the price of each article 
(where it could be ascertained) from the best London 
Catalogues, and the public sales of the most valuable libraries 
both at home and abroad. The information on the subject 
of Polyglott Bibles is particularly interesting, and was re- 
printed in a separate form, in 1803, with additions : one 
hundred copies only were printed, which are now of rare 
occurrence. To complete this work, should be added The 
Bihliographicnl Misceilani/, or Supplement to the Biblio- 
graphical Dictionary, in 2 vols. 13mo and 8vo, London, 
1806. Containing 1. An Account of the English Transla- 
tions of the Classics and ecclesiastical writers, with critical 
judgments on the merits of their respective executions ; 2. 
An extensive list of Arabic and Persian grammars, lexicons, 
and elementary treatises ; with a description of the principal 
works of the best Arabic and Persian authors, whether 
printed or MS. and English translations, thereof 3. An 
essay on the origin of language. 4. A short history of the 
origin of printing. 5. A catalogue of authors who have 
illustrated the history of literature, chronology, bibliography, 
and typography, with, critical and bibliographical remarks. 
To these reinarks we are indebted for some interesting 
notices in the third part of the present volume. 6. An 
alphabetical list of towns, &c. where printing was established 
in, and also subsequent to the 15th century. 7. Essay on 
Bibliography, with two bibliographical systems by Peignot 
and Thiebaut. To these succeed several chrondDgical tables, 
highly usefdl in prosecuting literary studies. Beside the. 



ON RARE BOOKS. 531 

BibliogrtlphiGal Miscellany Dr. C. published in 1807, in I3in6 
anS 8vo, Vol. 1 . of a Concise View of Tlie Sicccession of Sacred 
Literature in a chronologioal arrangement cf authors and tJteir 
works from the invention of alphabetical characters to the year 
of our Lord 345. A second volume is designed to bring the 
successicm down to the year 1440, In this account of sacred 
and ecclesiastical writers, Dr. C. has given 1 . the editio 
princeps, 2. the editio optima ; and 3. the best translation of 
such as have been, either wholly or in part, translated into 
English. The Wpr^s of the principal fathers are analysed fi-onj 
a careful examination of them. This little volume i^ equally 
interesting to the biblical and bibliographical student. 
Clement. — Bibliotheque Curieuse; on catalogue 

raisonne des livres rares, et difficiles a trouver, par 

David Clement. Gottingen and Leipsic, 1750^60^ 

9 vols.,4tc». 

This beautifully printed work terminates at the letters HI, in 
consequence of the author's death: a copy of it is in the 
libraries of the RoyaV and London Institutions. It is a work 
of great learning and labour; and, though many trifling 
articles are introduced, exhibits a fund of information relative, 
to scarce v^orks. 

De Bure. — Musaeum Typographicum ; sen collectio, 
in qua omnes fere libri in qu^vis fecultate ac lingua 
rarissimi, notatuque dignissimi accurate recensentup; 
a G. F. Rebude (G. F. De Bare.) 

Of this excessively rare work only 13 copies were printed, 
tb^ 'jDhole of which were given away as presents. It contains 
only the titles of rare books, without any notes or remarks ; 
and was the precursor of the .following. 

Bibliographic Instructive; ou traite de la connois- 
sance des livres rares et singuliers, &c. &c. Dispose 
par ordre des matieres, &c., par Guillaume Fran9ois 
De Bure le Jeane. Paris, 176S, 7 vols. 8vo. 
M M 2 



-532 WORKS TREATING 

The 7th volume of this work contains a no«'cc of books printed 
in the 15th century, and described in the preceding 6 vols. 
It is classed alphabetically, according to the order- of the 
towns where the works were printed. 

Supplement a la Bibliographie Instructive ; ou Cata- 
logue des livres du Cabinet de M. I/Ouis Jean Gaignat, 
par G. F. De Bure. Paris, 1769, 2 vols. 8vo. 

Bibliographie Instructive, tome 10'. contenant une 
table destinee a faciliter la recherche des livres ano- 
nymes, cites dans les deux ouvrages precedents, &c. &c. 
Par Nee de la Rochelle. Paris, 1782, Svo. 

These three works form but one collection, which is equally 
curious and instructive : many persons, however, subjoin to 
them the first part of the Valli^re Catalogue, in 3 Vols. 8vo, 
1782. M. De Bure holds a distinguished rank among bib- 
liographers : he died at Paris in 1782. His Bibliographie 
Instructive was most severely attacked by the abbes Mercier 
and Rive ; to whose criticisms he replied in an Jppel aux 
savans et aux gens de lettres, Paris, 1763, an Svo pamphlet, 
and also in Reponse a une Critique de la Bibliographie Instruct- 
ive, Paris, 1763, Svo. De Bure's work, Brunet observes, was 
a most excellent one for the time when it appeared, and may 
still be consulted with advantage': to complete his plan, how- 
ever, it would require six or eight supplemental volumes. 
Greatly is it to be desired that some experienced biblio- 
grapher would give us a work on a similar plan, re-casting> 
abridging, and augmenting the materials of De Bure, and 
also incorporating tlie numerous articles of British literature, 
with which foreign bibliographers have comparatively little 
acquaintance. 

DiBDiN.-^An Introduction to the Knowledge of rare 
and valu^able Editions of the Greek and Latin Classics; 
ilicluding an account of Polyglot Bibles;.the best Greek, 



'ON RARE books; S33 

&nd Greek and Latin, editions of the Septuagint and 
New Testament; the Scriptores de Re Rustica; Greek 
Romances, and Lexicons and Grammars. By the Rev. 
Tho. F. Dibdin, F.S.A. 3d edition, with additional 
authors and biographical notices (chiefly of English 
editors). 8vo, 2 vols. London, 1808. 

The first edition of this work, which is indispensable to the 
bibliographical student, was published in ISmo, 1802, and 
was in part a tabulated arrangement from Dr. Harwood's 
View of the Classics, with Notes from Maittaire and other 
bibliographers, and references to antient and modern cata- 
logues. The second edition, enlarged and corrected, was 
published in 8vo, in 1804; a small impression was taken off 
on large paper, with a portrait of Bishop Fell (the plate of 
which has since been broken up) : copies of this size are 
scarce and dear. The additional authors noticed in the third 
edition are 13 in number. 

Bibliotheca Spenceriana, or a Descriptive Catalogue of 
early printed books, and of many important fii-st editions 
in the library of Earl Spencer. London, 1814, vols. L 
IL III. super royal 8vo. VOi- if- ^81 • 
This work is intended to be a Catalogue Raisonne of that por- 
tion of the noble Earl's library, which comprehends books 
printed in the fifteenth century, and first editions of many dis- 
tinguished authors. It commences with an account of books 
printed from wooden blocks, about the middle of the 15th 
century ; from which many extraordinary specimens of Cuts 
are given, as tending to illustrate the history of engraving 
during the same period. This division is followed by theo- 
logy ; comprehending a list of some of the scarcest Latin, 
German, Italian, and Dutch Bibles printed in the fifteenth 
century ; with notices of the first editions of the Polyglott, 
French, English, Polish, and Sclavonian bibles. These are 
followed, by an account of some celebrated Psalters, Missals, 
and Breviaries, executed within the same period. The la- 



534 WORKS TREATING 

terpreters of Scripture, and many of the Fathers elbse tihe 
depastment of, theology. Classical literature succeeds. The 
authors are arranged alphabetically ; and the notices of rare 
and valuable editions, in this most extensive and most valu* 
able department of his Lordship's library, are more copious 
and interesting, than any hitherto pubKshed. The above 
classes, together with part of miscellaneous literattire, oc- 
cupy the three firet vols. Vol. IV. will contain the remainder 
of miscellaneous literature, in the Latin language, including 
didactic and moral works, writers upon the canon and civil 
law, historians, and chroniclers of the middle ages, forming 
the fourth division ; — Italian books, including some remark- 
ably scarce early-printed volumes of Poetry ; — English books 
^rinte'd by Caxton, Wynkyn de Worde, and Pynson, as 
well as at the Abbey of St. Alban's. To this volume 
will be added a supplement and emendations vrith indexes 
of authors and editions described, of printers and editions 
executed by them, and a table of some of the priircipal 
public and private collections, which contain copies of the 
editions described. Many rare and valuable antient publi- 
cations are now, for the first time, made generally known; 
and the deficiencies and errors of preceding bibliographers 
supplied and corrected where found necessary. By means of 
cuts, and fac-similes of types (^which are executed with singu- 
lar beauty and fidelity), a number of books are more satisfac- 
torily described than heretofore ; and consequently, a more 
lasting impression is made upon the memory of the reader. 
Of the extraordinary value of the library here described, it is 
hardly necessary for us to apprize the classical student and col- 
lector. So highly was the expectation of bibliographers raised, 
before the publication of this work, that ^£15. 15s. (we under- 
stand) were offered in vain for the small paper copies, which 
had been subscribed for at £7. 17s. 6d. and £9. 9s. The 
large paper copies had long been non-procurable. 

Sjpdcimen' BibliotheccE' Britannicce, Specimen of a 
digested catalogue of rare, curious, and useful books in 



ON KARE BOOKS. 635 

the English language, or appertaining to British litera- 
ture and antiquities. By the Rev. T. F. Dibdin. Lon- 
don, 1808. 

Of this now rare tract fokty copies only were printed, viz. 
32 in Sto, and 8 in 4to, containing 77 pages, besides eight 
of title and preliminary observations. It is to be regretted 
that Mr. D.'s avocations bav« prevented him from executing 
the interesting work which is announced in the Speciinen. 

Engel. — Bibliotheca Selectissima, sive catalogus h- 
brorum in omni scientiaruin generei, quos coUegit et 
venum exponit Sam. Engel, cum nptis criticis. Bern£, 
1743, 8vo. — SpicUegium librorum rariorumjtum incata- 
logo a Sam. Engel nuper evulgato omissorum, tiun etiam 
eorum quibus ilia coUectio usque adhuc aucta fiiit. Bernse, 
1743, 8vo. 

This fine collection of rare books was purchased, in 1744, by 
Count Bunau, and added to his splendid library. 

FouKNiER. — Nouveau Dictionnaire portatif de Bib- 
iiographie, contenant plus de vingt-trois mille articles de 
livres rares, curieux, estim^s et recherches, &c. &^. Par 
Fr. Ign. Fournier. Paris, 1809. 

The first edition of this work appeared in 1805^ and contained 
17,000 articles ^ although Fournier professes the second to 
be greatly enlarged and corrected, Brunet asserts that he has 
detected not less than 300 errors. — It is elegantly printed. 
These two editions were preceded by Essai portatif de Bib- 
liograpMe, par Fr. Ign. Fournier, age de 18 ans, 8vo, Paris, 
1796. This small volume, says Peignot, is extremely well 
printed: .ttuenty-five copies only were struck off) the whole of 
which the author kept in his own possession. (Rep. Bib. 
Speciales, p. 58.) 
Freytag. — Analectd litteraria de Ubris rarioribus, 
edita a Frid. Gottl. Freytag. Lipsiae, 8vo. , 



536 WORKS TREATING 

To complete this valuable work should be added Trey tag's 

Apparatus Litterarius, uhi libri, partim antiqui, partim rari, 

recensentur, 8vo, Lipsiae, 1753, 53, 55. 3 vols. Copies of both 

these works are scarce and dear. 

Dan. Gerdesii Florilegium historico-criticum libro- 

rum rariorum, cui multa simul scitu jucunda adsper- 

guntur, etc. etc, Groningae, 1763, gvo. 

This is the third and best edition of a work which should have 
a place in every bibliographical collection : it is designed in 
part as a supplement to the Catalogue of Vogt (mentioned 
in a subsequent page), to whom it is dedicated. The firs^ 
and second editions were published in 1740 and 1747. A 
copy of the third edition is in the library of the London In^ 
stitution. 

GouGH. — An Account of a rich illuminated Missal, 
executed for John, Duke of Bedford, Regent of France 
under Henry VI., and afterwards in the possession of 
the late Duchess of Portland. [By the late Richard 
Gough, Esq.] 4to, London, 1794. 

This splendid missal has already been noticed (p. 301; 303) ; 
the description is illustrated with four outline plates. 

Harwood. — A View of the various Editions of the 
Greek and Roman Classics, with remarks. By Edward 
Harwood, D.D. Small 8vo, London, 4th edit. 1790. 

The best edition of a valuable little work, which has been 
translated into the German and Italian languages. The 1st 
edition appeared in 1775 ; the 2nd in 1778 ; the 3d in 1782 ; 
and the 4th in 1790. TTie German version was published in 
1778, by Professor Alter, at Vienna, in 8vOv The two Ita- 
lian translations are as follow. 1. Prospetto di varie edizioni 
degli autori classici Greci e Latini, di Arvood corretto da Mttf- 
feo Pinelli, Venezia, 1780, Svo. It is a translation of the se- 
cond English edition, with some additions by the translator j 



ON RARE BOOKS. 537 

but is by.no means so copious as 2.Degli autori classici sacri, 
profflni, Greci e Latini Bibliqtheca Portatiles ossia il pros- 
petto del Dr. Eduardo Arvgqd reso piu interressante per nuovi 
nrticoli e per recente scoperte ed illustrazione critiche, crqnolo- 
giche e tipografiche, con mutua aura disposte daW ah. Mauro 
Boni e da Bartolomeo Gamha. Venezia, 1793, 2 vols. 12mo. 
TThis translation is in every respect preferable to the original 
English work, from the correct and interesting notices it 
contains, relative to the best editions of the classics. ' At the 
-end of ^ol.ii. aye given 72 pages of very interesting matter, 
relative to the principal bibliographical writers, the origin and 
progress of printing in Germany and Itajy, and lastly an 
elaborate disquisition on the date of the celebrated Decor 
Pvellarum of 1461. This part of the work has been trans- 
lated by Dr. Clarke, and may be found in his Bibliographical 
Miscellany, vol. ii. pp. 7 — 86. 

Haym. — Biblioteca Italiana, o sia notizia de' libri 
rari Italiani, gia compilata da Nic. Francesco Haym, 
Romano, in questa impressione corretta, ampliata, e di 
giudizj intomo alle migliori opere arricchitta (da Ferdi- 
nando Giandonati). Milano, 1771-1773, 2 vols. 8vo. 

The best, and only edition worth consulting. The work first 
appeared at London in 1736, 8vo, and was reprinted at Ve- 
nice, in 1728, 1736, and 1741. Copies of the editions of 
1726, 1728, and 1771-3, are in the library of the London In- 
stitution. 

Seb. Jac. Jungendres de Notis characteristicis libro- 
rum atypographiae incunabnlis ad an. MD. impressorum, 
etc. Norimbergse, 1740, 4to. 

KoEHLER. — Disquisitio de inclito libro goetico Tewr- 
danncths, auctore J. de Koehler. Altorf, 1737, 8vo. 
A brief notice relative to the celebrated poem of Tewndanncths 
will be found at the end of No. I. in the Appendix. 



538 WORKS TREATING 

Laire, — Specimen historicum TypographiaeRomanac 
XV saeculi opera et studio P. Fr. Laire, in familia mini- 
morum et principis Salm-Salm bibliothecarii. Romse, 
1778, 8vo. 

A most curious work, containing specimens of the types of 
Sweynheym and Pannartz : it is not very correct. 

Index Librorum ab inventa typographic ad annum 

1500, chronologic^ dispositus, cum notis historiam 

typographico-litterariam illustrantibus. Hunc disposuit 

Fr. Xav. Laire. Senonis, 1791, 2 vols. 8vo. 

" These are scarce and dear volumes : and, as they supply 

some deficiencies in AudifFredi's account of books published 

at Rome in the 15th century, the bibliographer should omit 

no opportunity of possessing them." (Dibd. Bibliom. p. 114.) 

L<os RiQS. — Bibjiographie Instructive ; ou notice de 
quelques livres rares, singuliers, et difficiles a trouver, 
avec des notes historiques, pour connoitre et distinguer 
les difFerentes editions, et leur valeur dans le conunerce ; 
dispos^e par Fraii^ois Los Rios. Lyon, 1777, 8vo. 

A book on which no dependence whatever can be placed : the 
author was a bookseller at Lyons. 

Michaelis Maittaire Annales Typographici ab Artis 
inventae origine ad annum MDLXIV. 4to, Hag. Com. 
Amstelod. et Londini, 1719 — 41, 5 vols. 4to. 

Tom. i. ab Artis inventa Origine ad an. M.D. Hag. Com. 1719. 
Tom. ii. ab an. M.D. ad an. MBXXXVl. Hag. Com. 1723, 
in 2 parts. Tom. iii. Ab an. MDXXXVI ad an. MDLVII. 
Amstel. 1726, in 2 parts, with an Appendix. Tom. iv. Ab 
artis origine ad an. MDLXIV. Amstel. 1733, in two parts. 
This is a second edition of, and supplement to, vol. i. and was 
by the author considered as the fourth, because it includes 
books down to 1564. It is, however, necessary to have both 



ON RARE BOOKS. 539 

tile editions of ,1719 and 1733, becausp the farmer contains 
«ome valuable dissertations which are not Gomprised in the- 
latter. Tom. v. et uUimus, indicem- in iv.prxeuntes compkctens. 
London, 1741, in two pai-ts. 

"though less 'pierfect than the work of Panzer, (see p. 540, 
infra,) Mailtaire's valuable annals are ihdispensable in every 
bibliographical library. There have been several supplements 
to iti which are^ enumerated by Peignot (Rep. Bibl. Univ^rs. 
, pp. 265, 266) ; that most deserving of the student's notice is, 
Annaiium typographicorum Michaelis Maitpaire supplemenlum 
cdornavit Michael Denis Bibl. Palat. Cuttqs. Viennw, 1789, 
2 vols. 4to. These twov,olumes contain 6311 articles^ printed 
in the 15th century, and unknown to Maittaire. (Copies of 
these two works are in the libraries of the Royal and London 
Institutions. 

Mabchand. — ^Dictionnaire Historique, ou M^moires 
critiques et litt^mres concemant la vie et les ouvrages 
de divers personiiages, distingu^s dans la republique des 
lettres. Par Prosper Marchand. La Haye, 2 torn, en 
1 vol. fol, 17^8. 

A posthumous work, but highly deserving a place in every 
bibliographical collection, on account of its curious biogra- 
phical and literary anecdotes. Its numerous typographical 
and Qther errors have caused it to be in less request than when 
it was first publish^. A copy is in the hbrary of the London 
Institution. 

OsMONT. — Dictionnaire typographique, historique, 
et critique, des livres rare% siDgulier?, estim^s, et re- 
cherches, en tons genres. Par J. B. L. Oemont. Par 
ris, 1768, 2 vols. 8vo. 

A scarce work, and for the time when it was published, pretty 
correct: it is in less request now, that we have more copi- 
ous and better executed dictionaries. At the end of ;«<rf. II. 
£h(Ere are »jae lists, of , edition* aBd,vC(;>ll^ctions of worjis pub- 



540 WORKS TREATING 

lished by various eminent editors, as the Elzevirs, Varioruhi/ 
&c. This work is in the library of the London Institution. 

Panzer. — Annales Typographici ab artis inventae 
origine ad annum MD, post Maittairii, Denisii, silio- 
riunque doctissimorum virorum curas, iii ordinem red- 
act!, emendati et aucti; opera Georgii Wolfgangi 
Panzer. Norimbergae, 11 vols. 4to, 1791 — 1803. 

Although the most extensive work extant on the productions 
of the 15th century, this is far from being complete. Its 
various contents are enumerated by Peignot, at consideraWe 
length (Rep. Bib. Univ. p. 271, 273,) and by Dr. Clarke, (Bibl. 
Misc. vol. 11. p. S6 — 58,) who observes, that notwithstand- 
ing the arrangement of matter in these volumes is far from 
being convenient, yet the work is certainly the most com- 
plete yet published on the annals of typography. Mr. Dib- 
din (Bibliom. p. 85,) honourably commemorates the labour 
of Panzer; and adds, that he published in 1788,. in 4to, a 
distinct work relative to books, printed within the same pe^ 
riod in the German language ; and this should always ac- 
company the eleven volumes. Panzer has also published a 
separate volume, intituled Conspectus Monumentorum Typo- 
graphicorum seculi xv. ad ductum annalium typo^raphicorum 
hujus seculi a se editorum dispositTis. Norimb. 1797, 4to. ^It 
is necessary _to complet e the Annals . The library of the 
London Institution is in possessioii of the Annales and Con- 
spectus. 

Peignot. — Essai de Curiosites ; contenant une no- 
tice raisonnee des ouvrages les plus beaux, dont le prix 
a exc^de 1000 francs dans les ventes publiques. Par 
Gabriel Peignot. Paris, 1804, Svo. 
M. Peignot has announced a second and much enlarged edition 
of this work : the first edition consisted of a very small num- 
ber of copies. 

Bibliographic Curieuse, ou notice raisonnee des livres 



ON RARE BOOKS. 541 

Uaprim^s a cent exemplaires au plus ; suivie d'une no- 
tice de quelques ouvrages tir^s sur papier de couleur., 
Par G. Peignot. Paris, 1808, 8vo. 

One hundred copies only were printed of this volume, which 
has since been reprinted, with numerous additions, in the 
following : Repertoire de Bibliographic Speciales, Curieusei, 
et Instructives ; contenant la notice raisonnee ; P. des ouvrages 
tires el petit fiombre d'exempluires ; 2°. des livres imprimis sur 
papier de couleur ; 3°. des livres dont le texte est grave ; 4°. des 
livres, qui ont paru sous le nom d'ana. Par G. Peignot. 
Paris, 1810, Svo. These three very curious works are also 
in the London Institution. 

Pezzana. — Notizie Bibliographiche intorno a due 
rarissime editioni, del secolo xv, di Angelo Pezzafla,"" 
Bibliotecario di Parma. Fecrma, Bodoni, 1808, 8vo. 
A few copies only were "printed of this bibliographical mor- 
ceau. The two very rare editions of the 15th century de- 
scribed in it, are. First, a 4to volume, containing P/a^arcAw 
de liheris educandis,—Hier6r^mus de officiis liberorum erga 
parentes, — and Basilii Magni de legendis libris gentilium 
oratio. Parma, Andraeas Portilia, 1473. By this the pe- 
riod is fixed when printing was introduced at Farina. Se- 
condly, Soneti, Cansone et Triomphi di Petrarca, printed 
apparently at Venice, by Gaspard and Dominic Siliprand, in 
1477, 4to. Peignot states, that this very interesting firocAare 
has been translated into French, by M. Brack, at Genoa. 
(Rep. Bib. Spec. pp. 107, 108.) 

Angeli Mariae Cardiiialis QtfiBiNi Specimen Litte- 
raturse Brixianae a sseculo xt. ad medium sseculi xvi. 
Brixiae, 1739, 2 vols. 4to. 

Angeli Mariae Cardinalis Quirini Liber singu-^ 
laris, de optimorum sgriptorum editionibus, quae Rq- 
mam primum prodierunt, cum adnotationibus et dia- 



542 WORKS TREATING 

trlba prseliminari Jo. Georg. Schelhornii. LIndaiigi«v 
1761, 4to. 

Both these works are very rare in this country ; Schelhorn * 
Amaenitates Litterarice, noticed infra (p. 544,) are indis- 
pensable to complete the latter work. Cardinal Quirini was 
one of the most learned prelates, in his day, of the Ronaan 
Catholic Church ; he was intimate with Newton, Bentley, 
Fenelon, Montfaucon, and other learned men of the 18th 
century. The Cardinal died in 1735, and bequeathed his 
magnificent library to the Vatican. 

Rive.— ^Notices Historiques et Critiques sur deqx 
Manuscrits de la Biblioth^que du Due de la Valliere, 
doat I'un a pour titre Guirlande de Julie, et Fautre, JRe~ 
^ueil de Fleurs et insectes peints par Dan. Mabel. Par 
I'Abb^ Rive. Paris, 8vo, 1779. Notice de deus 
autres manuscrits de la m^me biblioth^que ; I'une a 
pour titre Le Roman d'Artus, 1' autre Le Momant d^ 
Pertenay. Par l'Abb6 Rive. Paris, 1779^ 4to, 
These two beautifully printed little pieces are usually bound 
together : Brunetsays, a few were struck off in folio (Manuel, 
tom. ii. p. 400.) Peignot states that the verses which ac- 
company each flower in the MS. of the Garland of Julia, 
were handsomely printed by Didot,, in 1804, small 8vo. A 
small impression only was executed. This edition contains 
an historical notice relative to that masterpiece of calligraphy, 
which produced 14,510 livres at the sale of the Duke de. la 
Valliere's library in 1784. 

Johannis Pauli Roederi Catalogus Librorum, qui 
sseculo xv°. Norimbergae impressi sunt. Norimb. 1 742> 
4to. 

St. Leger.— Lettres de M. l'Abb6 de St. L * * * 
(Mercier de St. Leger) de Soissons a M. le Baron de 
H*** (Heiss) sur differentes editions rares du xv 
si^cle. Paris, 1783, 8vo. 



ON RARE BOOKS. 54S 

liese " letters will prove an interestihg; present to the lovers of 
scarce editions, and of antient Italian literature." (M. Ri 
yok Ixix. p. 424. O. S.) 

P. Cdlomanni Sanflt Dissertatio in aureum ac perve- 
astum SS. Evangeliorum Codicem MSS. monasateri S. 
Smerani. Ratisbon, 1786, 4to, with plates. 

The MS. desa'ibed in this rare work consists of 126 leaves on 
parchment : it is a Codex Evangeliorum with golden capital 
letters, and is deposited in the convent of St. Emmeran, at 
Ratisbon. It is considered as a masterpifece of calligfaphy 
for the tiine when it was executed : at the beginning of the 
MSS. is a magnificent painting of Charles the Bald, king of 
France, of the ninth century. (Peignot, Bib. Univ. p. 403.) 

Santander. — Dictionnaire Bibliographique choisi du 
;[uinzieme si^cle; ou description par ordre alphabe- 
ique des editions les plus rares, et les plus recherchees 
lu quinaddme siecle ; . precede d'un essai historique sur 
'origine de I'imprimerie, ainsi que sur I'histoire de son 
jtablissement dans les villes, bourgs, monast^res et 
lutres endroits de I'Europe ; avec la notice des impri- 
neurs qui y ont exerce cet art jusqu'a I'an 1500. Par 
M. de la Serna Santander. Bruxelles et Paris, 3 vols. 
Svo. 

Al most elaborate work, to which all bibliographers are in- 
debted for a fund of interesting arid important information. 
The first volume contains bis masterly sketch of the history 
and establishment of printing in Europe. M. Santander 
notices in the second and third only the principal editions of 
the 15th century, observing (vol, I. pp. 3, 4>) that though 
these are supposed to have been not less than 15,000 editions 
executed within that period, it is difficult to meet with 1500 
which deserve tjhjC attention of the curious. 
Jos. Ant. Saxii Catalogus Librorum, qui Mediolani 
7 



544. WORKS TREATING 

editifuere ab anno M.CCCC.LXV. usque ad MD. 
Chronologica serie digestus. 

In Argelati's Bihliotheca Scriptorum Mediolanensi/um, vol. I. 
pp &bb-^6\Q. 

ScHELHOKN. — Amoenitates Literariae ; quibus varise 
observatiories, scripta item quaedam anecdota et varia 
opuscula, exhibentur. Auctore Jo. Georg. Schelhornio. 
2d edit. Francof. et Lips. 1725—1732, 14 vols. 8vo. 

To this work should be added Schelhorn's Amxnitates Historic 
Ecclesiaslicce et Literaria. Francof. 1738, 3 vols. 8vo, and es- 
pecially his very rare tract, — Ve Antiquissima Latinorum Bib- 
liorum editione,ceu prima artis Typographies fastu et Lihrorum 
rariorum phosnice. Diatribe. Ulm, 1760, sm. 4to, 36 pages. 
" This latter work is very desirable to the curious in biblical 
researches, as' one meets with constant mention of Schel- 
horn's Bible." (Dibd. Bibliom. p. 64;) A brief notice of 
this edition of the Bible occurs in Mr. Beloe's Anecdotes of 
Literature, vol. III. p. 3. 

M. Conradi Schoenleben Notitia egregii codicis 
GraBci Novi Testamenti manuscripti, quem Noribergae 
servat vir illustris Hieronymus Guilielmus Ebner ab 
Eschenbach. Norib. 1738, 4to. 

A scarce and elaborate disquisition : it is illustrated with 13 
copperplate engravings of the illuminations of the Ebnerian 
MS. A copy of one of these the reader may find supra, 
opposite page 108. A notice of the MS. itself is given in 
the Appiendix, No. VIII! 

Seemiller. — Bibliothecse Academicae Ingolstadiensis 
Incunabula "ifypographica, sen libri ante annum 1500 
impressi circiter mille et quadringenti ; quos secundum 
aflnorum seriem disposuit, descripsit, et notis historico- 
literariis Ulustravit Sebastianus Seemiller, hujus biblio- 
8 



ON RARE BOOKS. 545 

thecae praefectus. Ingolstadii, 1787j 89, 92, 4 parts 
in one vol. 4to. 

A copy of this work is in the library of the London Institution, 
Upwards of 1700 editions of the 15th century are here mi- 
nutely described, and brief notices of their contents are fre- 
quently given. Seemiller is advantageously known as the 
author of the two following learned bibliographical works : — 
1. Exercitatio de Latinorum Biblicmim, cum nota anni 1462 
impressa,, duplici editione Moguntina. Ingolst. 1785, 4to. 
3. De Bibliis PolyglottU Complutensihus Notitia histor. crit. 
litteraria. Ingolst. 1785, 4to. AH these pieces are rare. 

Vernazza. — Osservazione Tipografiche sopra libri 
impressi in Piemonte nel secolo xv. Del Barone Ver- 
nazza. Bassano, 1807, 91 pages. 

In this beautifully printed essay (of which very few were 
struck off) the learned author gives very interesting particu- 
lars relative to the labours of John Glin and Christopher Beg- 
giamo, two Piedmontese printers, who are but little known. 
This tract is described by Peignot, together with some other 
scarce productions of Baron Vernazza, in his Rep. Bib. 
Spec. pp. 136—138. 

VicENZA. — Catalogo Ragionato de' libri stampati in 
Vicenza, e suo territorio, nel secolo xv, con un appendice 
de' libri de' Viceritini, o spettanti a Vicenza, che in quel 
secolo si stamparono altrove. Vipenza, 1796, 8vo. 

JoHANNis VoGT Catalogus Historico-Criticus Libro- 
rum Rariorum, sive ad scripta hujus argumenti spi- 
cilegium, index, et acCessiones.Hamburgi, 17S2, 2d 
edit.' Hamb. 1738, 3d edit. Hamb. 1748, 4th edit. 
Hamb. 1753, 5th and best edit. Nuremberg, 1793, all 
in 8vo. 

A very valuable and faithful work : the two last editions are 
preferable to die three prei^eding impressions. Vogt's 



546 ON ANONYMOUS, 

plani and exectition of it, are characterized by Mr. Dibdin, 
as being at once clear and concise; but he is too prodigal 
of the term rare, (Bibl, p. 74.) Copies of the two last edi- 
tions are in the London Institution. 

Johannis Christopheri Wendlebi de variis raritatis 
librorum impressorum causis Dissertatib. Jenae, 1711) 
4to. 

Steph. Alex. Wurdtwein Bibliotbeca Moguntina, 
iibris saeculo primo typographico Moguntias impressis 
instructa, hinc inde addita inventse typographise his<- 
toria. Augustse Vindel. 1787, 4to. 

This work is illustrated by some curious plates of fae-similes 
of antient printing. 

Zapf. — Catalogus librorum rarissimorum, ab artie 
typographiae ad annum 1499 excusorum, et in Bibli- 
otheca Zapfiana extantium. Fapenheim, 1786, Svo. 



SECTION ni. 



Works treating on anonymous, pseudowymxms and sup- 
pressed Books. 

§ i. Anonpnmts and pseudonymouf Books. 

Baillet. — Auteurs d^guises sous les noms etrangei% 
emprunt^s, apposes, feints a plaisir, abr^gs, chiflfr^g, 
renverses, retournes, ou changes d'une langue en une 
autre; par Adrien Baillet. Paris, 1690, 12mo. 

This work, which was never completed, also occurs in the 6th 
vol. of the Jugemens de Savants, pp. 341 — i97. It contains. 



PSEUDONYMOUS^ ETC. BOOKS. 547 

«idy a prditnjnary treatise, sur le chdngement est la mpposi- 
tion de turns parmi les auteurs. In pp. 501 — 555 of the same 
vol. is a list of pseudonymous, &o, authors. Many mistakes 
of Baillet are corrected by La Mpnnoye with his usual learn- 
ing and iijdustry. 

Barisieb. — Dictiannaire des ouvrages anonymes et 
pseudonymes, composes, traduits, ou publies en Fran- 
cois, avec les noms d'auteurs, traducteurs^ et editeurs, 
accompagne de notes historiques et critiques, par An- 
toine Alexandre Bartierj bibliothecaire du conseil 
d'etat. Paris, 1806 — 1808, 4 vols. 8vo. 
The completest work on the subject of anonymous and pseu- 
donymous books; and containing nearly, 12,500 articles. 
M- Barbier is now one of the imperial librarians at Paris. 

Johannis Deckherei de Scriptis adespotis, pseudepi- 
^a,plus et supposititiis, conjecturae. Amstel. 1686,. 
12mo. 

Johannis Albert! Fabricii centuria plagiariorum et 
pseudonymorum. Lipsiae, 1689, 4to. 

Cajetani GIabdina de recta inethodo citandi auctores 
et auctoritates animadversi«nes criticae ; quibus de pseu- 
donymis, plogiariis, et anonymis, cognitiones, accedunt. 
Panormi, 1718, 12mo. 

MoRHOS" has an amusirig chaipter on the subject of 
anonymous and pseudonymous authors, in tte first 
volume of his Polyhistor, Ub. 1. c. ix. 

Vincentii Placcii Theatruni anonymorum et pseu- 
donymorum, etc. etc. cum praefatione Jo. Alb. Fabricii. 
Hamburg, 1708, fol. 

The first edition of this work appeared in 1674, in 4to: the 

second is every way preferable, and contains 6000 authors. 

The appendix contains various treatises and e,ssays on the 

same subject. To this work ought to be added, 

NN 2 



M8 ON ANONYMOUS, 

Jofaannis Christopheri Mylii Bibliotheca Anonymo- 
rumet pseudonymorum detectoruin,ultra 4000 scriptores, 
quorum nomina latebant antea, omnium facultatum et 
linguarum complecteris, ad supplendum et continuan- 
dum Vincentii Placcii Theatrum, etc. etc. Hamburg. 
1740, folio. 
The authors' names are alphabetically disposed in this work. 

Brunei states that it was printed in the same year in 2 vols. 

8vo. Manuel, torn. ii. p. 395. 

Andr. Ant. Stiernmanx Anonymorum ex scriptori- 
bus gentis Suio-Gothicse centuria prima. Holmiae, 1724, 
8vo. — Centuria secunda, nee non Decas 1 pseudony- 
morum. 1726, Svo. 

Vh-iani.— ^a Visiera alzata Hecataste di scrittori, 
die vagbi d'andare in maschera fuor del tempo di car- 
nouale sono scoperti da Gio, Pietro Giac. Villani, 
Senese. Parma, 1689, 8vo. 

A small volume of 136 pages : it is very rare, and is a dic- 
tionary of Italian and Latin pseudonymous authors. 

Job. Chr. WoLFir Notitise de scriptis hebraeorum 
anonymis. 

These notices are to be found in the Bibliotheca Hebrcea of 
Wolfius, vol, II, p. 1247; vol. III. p. 1170, and vol. IV. 
p. 1036. This last volume (p. 1005 ei seq.) also contains 
Gabrielis Groddeck Pseudom/monim Hebraicorum Hexacontas, 
which was first published, Get?a»», 1708, 4to. Groddeck is 
likewise author of a tract on anonymous and pseudonymous. 
Rabbinical writers, which is inserted in the appendix to 
Placcius's Theatrum, pp. 679-T-722, and in David Millius's 
Catalecta Rabbinicd. Traject. 1729, 8vo. A list of the' 
principal pseudonymous and anonymous writers is given by 
M. Peignot, Diet, de Bibliologie, vol. II. pp. 138— 134, and 
vol. III. p. 260. 



PSEUDONYMOUS, ETC. BOOKS, 549 

§ 2. Books conilemned to-be burnt, suppreiied or cetuured, 

Peignot. — Dictionnaire Critique, litteraire, et biblio- 
graphique des principaux livres condamn^s au feu, sup- 
primes, ou censures: pr€c^d6 d'un discours sur ce« 
lortes d'ouvrages, par Gabriel Peignot. Paris, 1806, 
2 vols. 8vo. 

The completest work in this branch of bibliography. Beside 
an accurate description of various suppressed, condemned 
or censured books, the indefatigable author has inserted, in 
vol. I. pp. 256 — 266, a list of indices expurgatorii ; and in 
pp. xxix-r-xxxviii of the preliminary discourse he has given a 
list of more than thirty writers who have treated on this 
subject : from these we have selected the following as being 
the most interesting articles. 

Danielis Franci Exercitatio historico-politica de in- 
dicibus papistarum expurgatoriis, sub praesidio Jac. 
Thomasii habita Lipsise, 1666, 4to. — Disquisitio aca- 
demica de papistarum indicibus librorum prohibitorum 
et expurgandorum ; in qua de numero, auctoribus, 
occasione, contentis, fine, damnis et jure indicum illo-^ 
rum disseritur. Lipsise, 1684, 4to. 

This last work is rare, the greater part of the impression 
having been seized by an imperial commissary at Frankfort 
fair. The following is usually added to it as a supplement : 
M. Joh. Christ. Wendleri de Lihris a pmuificiis, aliisque hmre- 
jticis. in prtejudicium doctrina purioris, nostra et supenore 
atate mppressis et corruptis, Scltediasma, Jence, 1714, 4to. 

Johannis Christopher! Klotzii de libris auctoribus 
suis fatalibus. Liber. Lipsiae^ 1761, Bto. 
MonHOF has a chapter on this subject, in the first vol. of his 
Polifhistor, lib. I. c. viii. 



550 ON ANONYMOUS, ETC. BOOKS. 

QuiROGA. — Index et Catalogus librorum, prohibi- 
torum maridato illustrissimi Gasp, a Qmroga cardinalisj 
&c. denuo editus, cum consilio supremi senatus saiict« 
generalis inquisitionjs. Madriti, 1583, 4ito* Saumur, 
1601,, 4to. 
Copies of this curious index expurgatorius are in Dr. WiUiatns s 

library. Red Cross Street; which also possesses the following 

work : Index expurgatorius librorum, qui hoc seculo prodierunt, 
juxta cmcilii Tridentini decretian ; Philippi 11. jussu concin- 

natus. &c. &c. Argentorati, 1599, 13mo. This index, Peignot 

remarks, is rare and in great request. 

Reichard.^-Dc Historia indicum librorum prohibi- 
torum et expurgandorum edenda consilium, ab El. 
Casp. Reichard Brunswick. 1 746, 4to, 

Christopheri Schoetgenii Commentationes tres de 
indicibus librorum prohibitorum et expurgandorum, 
eorumque naevis variis. Dregdge, 1732, 1733, 4t6, — ■ 
Commentatio de naevis litterariis indicum prohibitorio- 
rum et expurgatoriorum. Dresdae, 1735, 4to. 

Jon« Conradi Schrammii Disputatio academica de 
librorum prohibitorum indicibus, horuraque utilitate 
et abusu. Hebnst. 1708, 4to. 

Thesaurus Bibliographicus, ex indicibus libroriun 
prohibitorum et expurgatorum Romanis, Hi^anlcis, 
Belgicis, Bohemicis, &c. congestus, opera consortii 
theologici Dresdensis, pensum I — III. Dresdae, 1743, 
4to. 

Bern. Von Sanden Exercitatio Theologica de indici- 
bus librorum prohibitoriis et expurgatoriis apud ponti- 
ficios, respondente et auctore Job. Ludolpho Lokk» 
Regiom. 1702, 4to. 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SYSTEMS, ETC. 551 

CHAPTER V. 

Bibliographical SystemSy Catalogues, etc. 

It has been a subject of regret among the 
lovers of bibliography that no memorials have 
been preserved of the method, pursued by the 
antients in the classification of their libraries. 
From the lucid order which pervades the works 
of the most eminent writers of antiquity ; — ^from 
the various excellent authors, whose labours 
£brmed the collections deposited in the antient 
pubUc libraries ; — from the very high character 
of those who discharged the functions of libra- 
rians } — from these, and various other circum- 
stances, it is evident that some system was fol- 
lowed, in disposing the volumes deposited in 
those libraries. According to Strabo', Aristotl^ 
first invented the art of classifying books, which 
he communicated to the kings of Egypt : and 
from some passages in Cicero's I^istles*, we 
learn that the celebrated grammarian, Tyrannion, 
excelled in this department, and was employed 
by him in arranging his library ; the disposition 

' Lib. 13, p. 879. vol. II. Ed. Oxon. 
* Cic. ad Atticum, lib. 4. Ep. 4. (Op. torn. viii. p. 3©1, ed. 
BipoDt-V 



553 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 

of which was completed by Dionysius and Me- 
nophUus, two persons whom Atticois had sent 
to him for this purpose '. But of this, or of any 
other system adopted by the antients, no vestiges 
whatever remain ; we must therefore descend to 
modern times, in order to meet with authors who 
have expressly treated on the disposition of books 
in a library. The first essays in this department 
of literature were not the most happy ; -and the 
literati of Europe were dissatisfied with the pre- 
cepts of Florian Treffer, the first writer on this 
subject ; whose method of classifying books was 
printed at Augsburg in 1560. The works of 
Cardina, printed in 1587, and of Schott, pub- 
lished in 1608, afforded more satisfaction: but 
all these systems were eclipsed by the treatise of 
Gabriel Naude, or Naudasus, first published in 
1627, and afterwards in 1644. The German 
literati have bestowed much attention on biblio- 
graphy, and have written numerous treatises on 
the subject, which are enumerated by Struve \ 

In our own country, few have written on the 
classification of books ; Dr. Middleton, indeed, 
left a small memoir in Latin, on the order he 
proposed to pursue in the public library at Cam- 
bridge, which is noticed infra. Sect. III. But 

' Cic. ad Attic. 1. 4. Ep. 8. (Op. torn. viii. p. 205.) 
* In his Bibliotheca Historica Selecta. Peignotj Diet, de 
Bibliol. torn. ii. p. 201. 



■ systems; ETC. -65B 

France has produced many able writers on this 
science : beside Naude, the following have 
distinguished themselves, viz. MM. Gallois, 
Baillet, Girard, Martin, Barrois and De Bure, 
booksellers ; MM. Formey, Bruzen de la Marti- 
niere, Ameilhon, Camus, Cailleau,.Peignot, &c. 
Germany presents but few writers on this sub- 
ject ', except the learned Abbe Denis, who has 
given a method of arranging books in his ' Intro- 
duction to the Knowledge ofBookSj and the cohi- 
piler of the Encyclopedical Table for classifying 
the works noticed in the celebrated Literary Ga- 
zette of. Jena, which was suppressed a few- years 
since. The following sections of this chapter 
will comprise a brief indication of the principal 
treatises on the arrangement of libraries, toge- 
ther with a concise notice of the methods adopt- 
ed in some of the principal public libraries of 
Europe, and also incidental accounts of the 
libraries themselves. 

' Morhof perhaps ought to be mentioned, who has given 
three chapters to the subject of forming, ornamenting and 
classifying libraries. Polyhistor, torn. i. lib. l." cc. iv. — vi. 
In c. iv. § 29. he complains bitterly of the vile paper and 
typographical execution of German books: unfortunatelyj the 
censures of this industriojis writer are but too applicable to 
most of the editions which in our time issue from the German 
presses. Volumina, si ad chartam spectes,sterquilinio videantur 
effosia ; si ti/pos, non impressa, sed atro colore ohlita credos ! 



554 'femLIOGRAPHICAL 



SECTION I. 

General Treatises an Xjibraries, and Systems for classi- 
fying Books. 

A Critical land KBstorical Account of all thp cele^ 
brated Libraries m foreign Countries, as well antient a^ 
modern. With general reflections upon the choice 
of books and the method of fiimishing libraries. A 
■work of great use to all men of letters. By a Gentle- 
man of the Temple. London, 1739, 12mo. 
A very concise account of the principal libraries, antient and 
modern. The reflexions on the choice of botiks are very 
meagre. The book is now rarely to be met with. A copy 
©f it is in the library of the ]London Institution. 

AMEiLHOji.^-Projet sur quelques Chajjgem^s fi- f^ire 
aux Catalogues des BibUotheques, par M. Anjeilhon. 

This plan is in the second volume of Btemoires de I'Institut 
ffational (Class. Litterature et Beaux Arts,) pp. 477, et seq. 

The author proposes to remove theological vrorks from the first 
rank, vi^hich they have hitherto held in catalogues p'f hbra- 
ties, and to substitute grammatical books in their place : he 
admits, however, that theological treatises may be classed 
among religious opinions. Grammar he considers as the key 
of all knowledge: to this succeed logic, morality and juris- 
prudence ; from which last he excludes canon law, removing 
this to the class of ecclesiastical discipline. The next grand 
division is metaphysics: and under this class he proposes to 
place theology, including the scriptures, which pass (he ob- 
serves) for die most antient historical documents with which 
we are acquainted ! This singular disposijtion of the sacred 
volume may be satisfactorily accounted for, when it is recol- 
lected that, no very long time before M. Ameilhon wrote. 



SYSTEMS, ETC. 65S 

the then existing government of France had in its wisdoAl 
banished the ministers of the altar, substituted their philoso- 
phistical decades for the sabbath day, and had endeavoured 
to extinguish ,tbe hope-r-of all pthers the fapst consolatory — 
of a future state, by decreeing that death was nothing but an 
eternal sleep. TTie author, however, apologises satisfac- 
torily for wishing to preserve the works of the Fathers, in 
opposition to the infidel principles then prevalent in France. 
In the divisions of physics, arts, belles lettres, or history, 
nothing is to be altered ; except that civil is to take preced- 
ence of ecclesiastical history. The memoir is terminated by 
a series of appropriate reflexions on the qualifications of a 
librarian. Achard has copied this project entire, (Cours de 
Bibliogr. torn. i. pp. 197 — ^315) and it is abridged by Pei^pet, 
(Diet de Bibliol. torn. ii. pp. 202, 203.) 

Bartholini (THOiniE) de Bibliothec9.rum incendjq^ 
DJssertatJo ad filios. Hafniae, 1670, 12mo. 
An account of the burning of his own library at Hogestatt, 
in which all his MSS. were consumed : to alleviate his loss on 
this occasion. Christian V. )sing of Denmark, gave this il- 
lustrious anatomist the title and emoluments of royal phy> 
sician, and exempted his estate of Hogestatt from all taxes ; 
the University of Copenhagen also appointed him inspector of 
their library. Bartholin wrote numerous works on medical, 
physical and philological subjects : he died in 1680. 

Camus. — Observations sur la Distribution et le Cl&sse- 
ment des Livres d'nne Biblioth^que. Par M. Camus, 
(Mem. de I'lngtitut.) tom, i. p. 643, et se^. 

To the late M. Camus the lovers qf bibliography owe many 
obligations for his valuable- contributions to the diiiusion of' 
that scienC/C : of his system it were unnecessary to offer any 
details, as it proceeds on a principle which is utterly errone- 
ous. He supposes the student to enter a library iotally 
ignorant, wl^ich, in the present state of society, is tnoroJly 



556 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 

impossible. Achard has given this memoir (vol. I. p. 252^^ 
et seq.) and Peigiiot has also abridged it. (Didt. de Bibl. 
torn. ii. pp. 218—220.) 

Clementis (P. Claud.) Musei sive Bibliofliecae tam 
privatae quam publicae extructio, instructio, cura, usus» 
libris iv, Accessit accurata descriptio regiae biblio- 
thecse S.Laurentii Escurialis, etc. etc. Lugduni, 1635. 
4to. 

This work of Father Clement, amidst many valuable ideas, 
contains many things which are superfluous. The order re- 
commended by him is too extensive to admit of being de- 
tailed here : it is given at length by Peignot. (Diet, de 
Bibliol. torn. ii. pp. 220—230.) 

Dessessarts. — Nouveau Dictionnaire BibKogra- 
phique Portatif, ou Essai de BibKographie Universelle j 
contenant rindication des meilleurs ouvrages qui ont 
paru dans tous les genres, etc. pr6ced6 d'une nouvelle 
edition des Conseils pour former une bibliotheque peu 
nombreuse mais choisie. Par N. L. M. Dessessarts, 
Paris,, an viii. (1799) 8vo. 

This work consists of two parts : 1. The Conseih, &c. of the 
learned and laborious Formey (noticed infra, p. 557) and 3. 
Lists of books proper for the libraries of a statesman, a ma- 
gistrate, a lawyer, a militari/ man, and a miniver of religion. 
These lists were drawn up by M. Barbier. 

DuREY. — Dissertation sur les Bibliotheques, avec une 
table alphabetique, tant des oeuvres publies sous le titre 
de bibliotheques, que des catalogues imprimes de plu- 
sieurs cabinets de France et des, pays Strangers. (Par 
le President D\irey de Noinville.) Paris, 1758, 8vo. 
This work I have not been fortunate enough to meet with. 
Peignot states the dissertation on libraries to be not devoid 



SYSTEMS, ETC. 55J 

wF interest, though incomplete, and in many places erroneousr 
To this volume is usually added, by the same author, a Table 
tilphabetique des Dictionnaires en toutes sortes des. langues et 
sur toutes sortes des sciences et artsJ Paris, 8vo, 1758. It is 
very incomplete and incorrect. 

DuTENs.— Bibliotheque complette et choisie dans 
toutes les classes, et dans la plupart des langUes. Par 
M. L. Dutens. Svo, Londres, 1812. 

A general Catalogue of the most approved works in various 
departments of literature and science, and in diiferent lan- 
guages. It comprises about 1860 volumes, the cost of which 
is estimated by the late learned editor at about o£'800, or by 
omitting certain articles which are marked in this list, the 
collection would cost about ^600. 

FoRMEY. — Conseils pour former une bibliotheque peu 
nombreuse mais choisie. Nouvelle edition corrigee et 
augmentee. (Par M. Formey.)' Suivie de i'lntroduc- 
tion generale a I'etude des Sciences et Belles Lettfes, 
par M. de la Martiniere. Berlin, 1756, Svo. 
M. Formey was for many years secretary to the Royal Aca- 
demy of Sciences at Berlin, where he died in 1797, at the age 
of nearly eighty-six years. During this long life his publica- 
tions were very numerous : the list appended to the above (the 
4th} edition of his Conseils amounts to 58 ; and he continued 
writing till the year 1786. The present work, though adapted 
to French readers and the formation of a French library, con- 
tains many hints deserving of notice. At the end of the 
author's advertisement is a letter of La Mothe Le Vayer . 
(extracted from his works, vol. ii. pp. 452—458) on the 
method of forming a library, to consist of 100 volumes only: 
it is curious, ^s indicating the works which were most esteemed 
in. the former part qf the ,l7th century. 

Garnerii (Johannis) Systema Bibliothecae collegii 
Parisiensis, societatis Jesu. Paris, 1678, 4^to. ^ 



558 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 

John Gamier was a learned Jesuit, who, during a long life, 
wrote and edited numerous works on theological and other 
subjects. His method of arranging a library has been justly 
admired : it formed the basis of the classification adopted by 
Gabriel Martin (an eminent bookseller), in the various cata- 
logues printed by him between the years 1705 and 1760, and 
by Barrois, another celebrated bookseller of Paris, in his cata- 
logues between 1735 and 1763. Martin's System was further 
improved by De Bare, whose method of dislposing a Kbrary 
is too well known to require any description of it in this place. 
The reader may fold it at length in his Bibliographic In- 
structive, vol. i. (Theo%ie) pp. xv— Ixvi. De Bure's system 
with a few modifications is adopted by Duclos and Cailleau 
in their Essai de Bibliographic (Diet. Bibl. torn. iii. pp. 481 
—544) which is translated in Dr. Clarke's Bibhogr. Miseell. 
vol. ii. pp. 165—197. This system, together with vamf 
others which our limits will not allow us to notice, may also 
be seen in Peignot's Dice, de BihUol. tom. ii. pp. 200 — 2^1, 
and in Achard's Cours EUmentcdre de Bibliogruj)kie, tom. i. 
and ii. 
Jacob. — Traicte des plus belies Biblioth^ques, pub- 

liques et particulieres, qui ont este, et qui sont a present 

dans le monde : divisee en deux parties. Compose par 

le pere Louys Jacob. Paris, 1644, 8vo, 

In this work, which is now very rare, Jacob has given a sum" 
mary account of the principal libraries, public and private, 
antient and modem, to the time when he wrote ; interspersed 
with occasional lists of the learned men who either filled the 
office of librarian or possessed the books. Though the good 
Father was indefatigable in collecting and arranging his ma- 
terials, he is not always very exact, and unfrequently notices 
indifferent collections of books as rich libraries. Peignot ap- 
pearp to have liberally extracted from Jacob in his Diet, de 
Biblid.^t. Sibliothiques. 

^o£L£^ — SyHoge aliquot scriptornm d® bene ordi- 



SYSTEMS, ETC. 5S9 

nahda et omand^ Bibliotliecl, studio Jo. Davidis Koe^ 
leri. Francofarti, ll2S, 4-to. 
This work is in the British Museum. 

Le GALLOis.-^Traite des plus belleS biblioth^qUes dfc 
I'Europe, des premiers lirres, qui cut ete faits; de I'in- 
vention de I'lUiprimerie ; des iinprimeuts ; de plusieurg 
livresj qui ont ^te perdus et recouvr^s par les soins des 
saArants, avec une m6thode pour dressef unebiblioth^que. 
Paf le Sieur Le Gallois. Paris, 1680, 12mo, 2d edit. 
1685, 12mo. 

This work is an abridged translation of Lomeier's Treatise de 
BiblioiheciSj which is noticed infra, p. 560. Copies of both 
these works are in the library of the London Institutiofl. 
Gallois follows Lomeier so closely that he cbpies his very 
errors. 

Idea Leibnitiana Bibliothecae Publicse, secuiidiim 
classes scientiarum ordinandse, fiisior et contractior. 
(Apiid Ireibiiitii OperSj torn. v. pp. 209^214.) 

In thrae two systems (the latter of which is an abridgment oi 
thfe forrner) Leibnitz proposes ten general classes, viz. Tlieo^ 

■ lo^ including ecclesiastical history,— ^/ari^jrurfeace;— wierfi- 
dne, — intellectual philosophy, — ^the philosophy of things which 
are subjects of tlie imagination, i. 6. mathematics both pure 
and mixed ; — ^the philosophy of things which tare objects qfthe 
senses, i. e. physics, or natural philosophy ; — pttihlogy, whidi 
comprises all that is now included under the denomination of 
belles lettres; — dvil &;«to>|^, universal and particular ;' — history 
qf literature and bibliography and iniscellaneous and geteral 
works, i. e. encyclopedias, commonplace books, &c. 

Legipoutii (Ouverii, Goenobitae Benedictiui) Dis- 
sertatlones PMologicb-BibUographicae ; in quibus de 
adoriianid^ et omand^ bibliothteci, necnon de manu- 
scriptis, libri^qufe rarioribus ac praestantioribus ; ac etiaia 



560 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 

de archive in ordinem redigendo, veterumque diplo- 
matum criterio ; deque rei nummarise ac musices studio, 
et aliis potissimum ad elegantiores literas spectantibus 
rebus disseritur. In usum bibliothecariorum et philobib- 
lorum publicae luci commissae. Norimberg. 1747, 4to. 
An, elaborate and learned work, well worthy of the bibliogra- 
pher's attention, as it contains all that the title announces^ 
A copy of it produced 20 fr. at the sale of M. Paris de Mey- 
zieux. (Brunet, torn. ii. p. 31.) The author of the present 
work was fortunate enough to obtain one at Dr. Gosset's sale 
for ^1. 6*. 

LoMEiERi (JoHANNis) De BibUothccis, liber singu- 
laris. Zutphen, 1669, 8vo. 

This,, work is in the library of the London Institution, and in 
Dr. Williams's library, Red Cross Street : it was reprinted in 
Schmidt's second Supplement to Maderus's Collection of 
writers on libraries, noticed in the next article. 

Maderi (Joach. Jo.) de Bibliothecis atque Archivis 
virorum clarissimorum Libelli et Commentationes, cum, 
prsefatione de scriptis et bibliothecis antediluvianis, cu- 
rante J. A. S. (Johanna Andrea Schmidio.) Helmstadt, 
1702, Mo. 

This is the second and best edition of a very valuable col- 
lection of authors de Re Bibliothecarid ; among which are 
Lipsius's Syntagma de Bibliothecis, and various tracts by 
Onufrio Panvinio, Antonio Cicarella, Michael Neander, 
Herman Conringius, &c. &c. To complete it should be 
added Schmidt's de Bibliothecis nova accessio csllectioni 
Maderiante adjuncta, Helmstadt, 1703, 4to, and his Accessio 
altera^ 1705, ito. In these two gupplements> (among many 
other curious articles) will be found the PItilobiblion of 
Richard de Bury, the treatise of Naude (see p. 561 iiifra) 
translated into Latin, Lomeier de Bibliothecis, &c. &c. The 
8 



SYSTEMS, ETC. 561 

three works are rarely found together, and are very scarce 
and dear. 

Maichelii (Danielis) Introductio ad Historiam li- 
terariam, de prsecipuis Bibliothecis Parisiensibus, locu- 
pletata annotationibus atque methodo ; qua rectus bib- 
liothecarum usus, et vera studiorum ratio ostenditur: 
ubi et de bibliothecariis plurimisque eruditis Parisien- 
sibus disseritur, etc. etc. Cantabrigiae, 1721, 8vo. 

A work of great rarity. It is divided into two parts, the first 
of which, contains an account of the rise and progress of the 
King's Libmry, and of nine other pubUc hbraries, at Paris. 
In the second part, the author discusses the use of public libra- 
ries, and the knowledge of Uterary liistory ; and treats on a 
MS. de Mortihus Persecutorum,va. the Colbertine Library, which 
is usually. assigned to Lucius. Caecilius, but which Micheelius 
ascribes to Lactantius. The sources of literary history are 
next discussed, together with the right object of studies. 
Some notices are .also, introduced relative to the librarians 

- and. other literati then at Paris. 

Naude'. — Advis pour dresser une Bibliotheque, 
pr6sent6 a Monseigneur le president de Mesme, par 
Gabriel Naiide. Paris, 1637, 8to. '2d ed. 1644, 8vo. 3d 
ed. 1668, 8vo. 

A very rare and curious treatise, which is highly and deserv- 
edly esteemed : the second edition of it is the best. Copies 
of it are in the library of the London Institution, and Dr. 
Williams's in Red Cross Street. Although this little but 
valuable treatise contains many things which have been better 
treated by later writers, yet it is well deserving the biblio- 
grapher's notice, when he can meet with it. Naude offers 
various considerations on the number, choice, and condition 
of the books to be deposited in a library, — the place and 
order in whicb they should be arranged, — the ornaments 
-vvhich should be, given -them, and the chief , design of a li- 

o o 



563 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 

brary ; together with some hiots on the best way of recover- 
ing them, if lost, and preventing the loss of others. These 
hints are as follows :— I. Carefully preserve those already 
acquired, or which may hereafter be acquired, without sufTerr 
ing any one in anywise to be lost. 3. Neglect nothing that 
can tend to preserve them j therefore collect all the tracts pub- 
lished on any subject, and carefully dispose them according 
to their classes. 3. Make known your design of collecting 
and forming a library as Richard de Bury did. 4. Retrench 
all unnecessary expense in ornamenting books, and apply 
such saving to the purchase of those which are wanting- 
(Advis, &c. pp. 94^104, ed. 1644.) 
Beside the above woi^, and the Additions to the history of 
Louis XL, already noticed, Naude published Avis d nos- 
seignewrs du Parkment sur la venie de la bibliotheqiie du Car- 
dinal Mazarine, 1653, 4to. It is a very earnest remonstrance 
against the dispersion of the cardinal's noble library, which 
had been entirely formed by Naude, (who was his Ubrarian) 
and which in seven years amounted to 40,000 volumes. 
Naude, however, had the moitiOcation to witness its dis- 
persion, when the cardinal was obliged to quit France. A 
translation of this tract occurs in the Harleian Miscellany/, 
vol. HI. pp. 473 — 476. (original edit.) After this event, 
Naude went to Sweden, on an invitation from Christina to 
become her librarian : the climate proving injurious to his 
health, he returned to France, and died at Abbeville in 
1653. 

Pabent. — Essai sur la Bibliographie et sur las talents 
du bibliothecMre, par M. Parent I'ain^. Paris, an IX. 
8vo. 

Peignol has given the system of arrangement proposed by 
M. Parent in his Diet, de Bibliol. tom. ii. pp. 346 — ^348. 

PEiGNOT.-^jyianuel Bibliographique; ou Essai sur 
Ifis Biblioth^qoes ajiciennes et modernes, et sur connois- 



SYSTEMS, ETC. 56* 

sance des livres, des formats, des Editions ; sur la maniere 
de composer une bibliotheque choisie, classee metho- 
diquement, etc. Par Gabriel Peignot. Paris, 1800, 
8vo. 

My knowledge of this work is entirely derived from Peignot's 
Rep. Bibl. Universe], p. 40, who states it to contain his 
French translation of Lipsius's Syntagma de Bibtiothecis arr- 
tiquis, (pp. 1 — 39). It was his first publication, and only a 
small edition was printed. In the seeortd vol. of his Diet, de 
Bibliologie, Peignot has given his own system, (translated by 
Dr. Clarke, Bib, MS. vol II. pp. 208—218) and has an- 
nexed to vol. III. a very elaborate Syntmtieal Table of Bib- 
liologi/, on seven large folding pages. Peignot has borrowed 
th6 outlines of his plan from the illustrious Bicon, through 
the medium of D'Alembert and Diderot, in their preface to 
the Enofclopedk, Bacon divides -the operations o? the 
human mind into 

Memory, whence results ff««/o/y. 

Imagination Poetry. 

Beason Philosophy. — See Bacon's 

Wdfts, vol.' i. p. 42', 4to ed. in which tliese general heads are 
branched out into numerous subdivisions. 

SfcHftfi'TTiNGEB. — Elements of the Knowledge of Li- 
braries, or Instructions relative to the duties of a Libra- 
rian, by' Martin Schrettinger (in German).. Munich, 
1808. Part 1. pp. 127. 8vo. 

Feigiiot announces this as a very interesting work> but cannot 
state whether it was ever continued or not. 

VaIois. — ^Discours sur les BibKotMques Publiques, 
par le p^re de Valois de la compagnie de JesQs, adresse 
pat I'auteur a son eminence, le cardinal Quirini. Breccia, 
il6l, 8vo. 

To this discourse, Peignot says, a letter should be added 
from cardinal Quirini to father Valois, in 8vo. 
o o 2 



564 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 



SECTION IL 



Catalogues, i^c. of the principal Foreign Public Libraries^ 
including brief Notices of their Contents. 



I, LIBRARIES OF DENMARK. 



Petri Scavenii Designatio libro^-um in qualibet facili- 
tate, materia et lingua rariorum, &c. in amorem patriae, 
et supplementum instructissimae bibliothecae regiae (Haf- 
niensis) conquisitorum. Hafnise, 1765, 4to. 

Descriptio quorundam cuficorum MSS. partes Corani 
exhibentium in bibliotheca regia hafhiensi, etc. Auctore 
Jac. Georg. Adler. Altonse, 1780, 4to, 

Udsigt over den gamle manuscript samling i det 
store kongelige Bibliothek, ved John Erichsen, i. e. 
A View of the antient collection of MSS. in the king's 
great library, by John Erichsen, first librarian tp his 
Majesty. Copenhagen, 1786, 8vo. » 

The king of Denmark has two libraries : the one is called the 
great or public library, founded by Frederick III. ; the other, 
tjie king's manual or private library. By different acquisitions, 
the royal library at Copenhagen is now become, in various re- 
spects, one of the most considerable in Europe. It is com- 
puted to contain 250,000 vols. MS. and printed books ; and 
a few years since received a most important addition, in the 
acquisition of the excellent collection of the chancellor, 
De Suhm, consisting of 100,000 volumes. The printed 
books comprise numerous specimens of earjy printing, which 
are enumerated by the intelligent authors of the Voyage dg 
deux Francois au nord de I'Europe, (vol. I. p. 336, et seq.), 
Tlie MSS. contain numerous bibles and biblical auiJiors in 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBUARlES. 565. 

the Hebrew, Chaldee, Greek and Latin languages, few of 
which have been consulted for critical editions of the scrip- 
tures, except those collated for Dr. Kennicott, a very lar"ge 
number of the works of the Fathers, down to the tenth 
century, as well as of ecclesiastical historians of the middle 
age, and of the later divines who were contemporary with the 
Reformation, particularly two large volumes, the autograpljs 
of the illustrious Erasmus. Among the class of Biblical and 
Ebclesiastical History, are several copies of Josephus's works, 
two only of which were used by Havercamp,— numerous 
MSS. on the canon law, and splendid missals, of which 
that formerly belonging to Francis I. from the library of M. 
Colbert, of the duke de Bourgogne, who was slain before 
Nancy, and of the cardinal de Bourbon, are particularly- 
deserving of attention from the splendour and beauty of the 
illuminations. The departments of philosophy, logic, meta- 
physics, natural history, medicine, &c. comprise the works 
of Pliny, Hippocrates, Galen, &c. &c. the works of Tycho 
Brahe, in his own handwViting ; four large vols, of plants, 
beautifully painted on vellum, from nature; this superb 
work is attributed to Madame Merian, and is in fine preser- 
vation. Among the MSS. of classics, are an imperfect one 
of Livy, of the tenth century, Cicero de Rhetoricd on vellUm, 
and a very fine Virgil, on vellum, of the tenth century, 
which was collated by Heyne for his matchless edition of the 
Roman Bard. There is also a fine collection of Persian, 
Arabic and Cufic MSS. brought by the celebrated traveller, i 
Niehbuhr from Arabia, at least 250 in number : the Cufic 
MSS. have been described by professor Adler in the work 
above noticed. The collection relative to the history of 
. Spain and part of the Indies is very complete ; and to the 
history of England belong seventeen large volumes of do- 
■cuments relative to transactions in the 17th century. But 
it is id MSS. and printed books, concerning the history and 



566 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

antiquities of the three northern lcingid««ns, that the royal 
libraries at Copenhagen are particularly rich, and especwHy 
(since the acquisition pf M. de Sixhna's noble collection) in 
Icelandic MSS- and those respecting the history and law of 
Denmark. Not only do the Icelandic MSS. comprise copies 
of all those which are to be found elsewhere, bat also a very 
great number of originals, whiqh were collected by M. De 
Suhm at an immense expense. In concluding this notice of 
the royal Danish library, it would be unjust not to mention 
the liberality with which the gpeat or public library i^ con- 
duQted ; not only is it acqe^si^e to every gentleman desirq^s 
of being adnnitted j but also, by e?{press order of his Danish 
Majesty, charaptprs of note are permitted to take home with 
them such MSS. or printed books as they wish to study. 
And, in order to render the establishment as complete as 
possible, it is enacted, that a copy of every book, printed jn 
the Danish dominions, from the introductioq of typography 
to the present time, shall be bought for the use of this 
learned repository. See Coxe's Travels in Denmark, chap. iv. 
Voyage de deux Frangois, tom. i. p. 236, et seq. Analyt. Rew. 
vol. iii. pp. 1 — 7. 

Henrici Fuiren Bibliotheca Medica, quam patriae 
academiae (hafhiensi) legavit. Hafniae, 1659, 4to. 

Johannis Mulenii Bibliotheca, Ubris rarissimis in 
qualibet facultate et materia instructs, publica? academic 
bibliothecae (hafniensi) donata. Hafniae, 1670, 4tOi 

Petri Johannis Resepii Bibliotheca regiae academiae 
haihiensi donata, (ordine materiarum sed sub singula 
forma di^posita), qui pr^efix^ est ejusdem Resenii vita, 
Halhioe. 168$, ^to- 

Adami Henrici Lakmanni de Codice Bibliothecse 
academi^fe hafiiiensis membranaceo, in quo Adami Bre- 



FOREIGN PUBLIC UBRABIES. 567 

mensis opera inscripta faSre, Dissertatio critiGO-litteraria. 
Kiliae, 174.6, 4to. 

The library belonging to the University of Copenhagen is 
chiefly valuable for its Icelandic MSS. They were presented 
by Amas Magneas, with the restriction that they should 
never be printed : notwithstanding this prohibition, however, 
several of them have been published, either with a Danish 
or Latin translation, or both. The most coflsiderable Ice- 
landic work, thus printed contrary to the donor's intention, 
is a History of the Kings ef Norway, by Snorro Sturlson, in. 
three small folio volumes, which was executed at the expense 
of the hereditary Prince. This library also contains some 
Runic MSS. Kiittner's Travels in Denmark, &c, p. 31. 



II. LIBRAKIES OF FRANCE. 

$ 1. Libraries at Paris. 

There are numerous public libraries in Paris ; the access to 
which is stated to -be easy to those who frequent them, 
whether from idle curiosity, or for laborious research. The 
most splendid, unquestionably, is the King's Library, lately 
desigiia<ted the imperial library, which, during the existence 
of the French republic, was styled the national library. 
The fc^owmg are the principal publications relative to this 
matchless collection of MSS. and books. 

Roi/al Librar^.-r-Phi\ippi Labbei Nova Bibliotheca 
MSS. librorum, seu specimen antiquarum lectionum 
Latinarum et Grsecarum in quatuor partes tributarum; 
cum coronide duplici, poetica et Ijbraril, ac supple- 
mentis deceoi. Paris, 1653, 4to. 

We place this catalogue before that of the King's library ; it 
treats on some MSS. which are contained in the Jatter. 
Labbe has divided his work into 1, Historical and cbron«- 



568 CATALOGUES, tTC. OF 

logical. 3. Biblical and theological. 3. Epistolary and 

diplomatic; and 4. Technical and philological. Philip 

Labbe was a Jesuit, a native of Bourges, and died at Paris, 

in 1667. aged 60 years. He was a man of great learning 

and prodigious memory. His principal works amount to 

thirty-eight vols, ttventy-six of which are in folio and 4to. 

Both Morhof and Baillet have paid honourable tributes to 

his learning and assiduity. Mr. Dihdin has a slight but 

respectful notice of Labbe, in his Bibl. pp. 53, 54. 

Catalogus codicum manuscriptorumi bibliothecse regiae 

Parisiensis (Studio et labore Anicetti Mellot). Paris, 

1739 — 44. 4 vols, folio. ■ 

The first volume contains the oriental MSS.; the second, 
the Greek MSS. ; the third and fourth comprise those in the 
Latin language. 

Catalogue des livres imprimes de la bibliotheque du 
R.oi (dispose par les Abb^s Sallier et Boudot, et autres.) 
Paris, 1739 — 53, 6 vols, folio. 

The three first volumes are appropriated to Theology : the 
fourth and fifth comprise the Belles Lettres, and the sixth, 
(the first vol. of Jurisprudence,) contains Canon Law. ■ The 
division of civil law. was prepared by M. Capperonier ; but 
the printing of this volume has been hitherto delayed. The 
classes of the sciences and arts, and of history, have not 
yet appeared. So numerous and important have been the 
accessions to this library, vi'ithin the last 50 years, that it 
would require the conjoint labours of many learned men for 
many years to complete the catalogue ; if the accomplish- 
ment of such a vast undertaking be not almost hopeless. 

Essai Historique sur la Bibliotheque du Roi et sur 
chacun des depots qui la composent, avec la description 
des b&timens et des objets les plus curieux a voir dans 
ces differents depots. (Pp Nicolas Le Prince.) Paris, 
1782, 12mo. 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 569 

A copy of this volume, which is very rarely to be met with, 
is in the library of the London Institution : it is a reprint of 
the preliminary discourse in vol. I. of the catalogue of printed 
books; but greatly enlarged and corrected. The Essai, is 
divided into two parts. The first contains a historical ac- 
count of the origin and progressive augmentation of the royal 
library, togetiier with the declarations, edicts, &c. relative to 
the books, which authors, printers, and booksellers are 
obliged to furnish to it. In the second part are comprised 
a review of each collection; — an account of the order in 
which the articles that compose it are arranged ; — an indica- 
tion of the rarest and most precious objects contained in each 
collection ; — and a description of the building in which they 
are . placed. To the whole is added an historical list of the 
public and private libraries at Paris. 

Notices et Extraits des manuscrits de la bibliotheque 
du Roi, et de la bibliotheque nationale, &c. Paris, 
178 7— 1804, 7 Vols. 4to, 

This splendid work was commenced during the reign of 
Louis XVI., whose ministers, in 1785, determined to render 
the royal library more extensively beneficial to the interests 
of literature, by promoting the publication of accounts and 
extracts of the most valuable MSS. The design was con- 
tinued under the republican government of France, by a 
committee of the National Institute. An English translation of 
the first volume was published at London in 1789, in 3 vols. 
Svo. Both this and the original work are in the library of 
the London Institution, and also in the Bi-itish Museum. 

Catalogue des Manuscrits Samskrits de la Bibliothe- 
que Imperiale, av€c des notices du contenu de la plu- 
part des ouvrages, etc. Par MM. Hamilton et L, 
Langles. Paris, 1807, Svo. 

This catalogue, which contains only 118 pagesj is divided 
into two sections. The first comprises woi-ks written in the 



570 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Devanagari character, 49 in number: the second section 
includes works in the Bengalee character, 139 in number; 
those in the Bengalee language and characters amount to 14. 
The volume concludes with a short notice of M. Langl^s, 
relative to some antient languages of India. ' 

The Royal Library of Paris is justly deen^d the finest in Eu- 
ropci According to some accounts, it was commenced 
under the reign of king John, who possessed ten volumes, 
to which about 900 were added by Charles V., many of 
them most superbly illuminated by John of Bruges, the 
best artist in miniatures of that time. After the introduction of 
printing in 1570, the royal library received numerous im- 
portant acquisitions, which were gradually augmented under 
Francis I. and successive kings, duri-ng the revolutionary go- 
vernments, and also under its late ruler ; until it acquired 
the distinguished rank it now holds among the libraries 
of Europe. About the year 1683, an accurate review was 
made of this vast collection ; and it was then found to contain 
10,942 MANUSCRIPTS, and 40,000 printed volumes : — in 
1720, there were 16,000 MSS. and 80,000 printed books. In 
1782 an account of the Eoyal Library was published, which 
states the former to amount to more than 50,000, and the 
latter to exceed 200,000: fifteen years ago the printed books 
were computed at 300,000, and the MSS. at 80,000. What 
its present amount is, we have no data by which to form any 
estimate approximating to the real number. The prints, 
plates, medals, antiques, charts, maps, genealogies, charters, 
have all been proportionahly increased. The additions from 
the Vatican Library, selected in 1797 by the French com- 
missioners, are particularly vahiaMe ; a brief notice of them 
will be found, irfrtt, in the account of that noHe collectioh 
oiF works of art and literature. To these must also be add«d 
the numerous MSS. collected by the victorious French arms 
from: other parts of Europe. Of thf; conlients of this magni- 
ficent and matchless library, augmented as it has beeii by 



FOREIGN PUBLIC XIBRARIES. 571 

such numerous acquisitions, it woUld far exceed the limits of 
this sketch to eniimerate even the choicest articles : it only 
remains therefore to state the princely liberality upon whi^h 
it is conducted. Except on Sundays and festivals, the 
Royal Library is open to the studious daily, from ten o'cloQk 
until two: every book is brought that is required ; and lite- 
rary 'men of known character and respeotahvlity permitted 
to take hooks to their own houses. Among the present li- 
brarians, the names of MM. Van Praet and Barbier have 
-long been conspicuously eminent for their deep bibliog^ra- 
phical knowledge. 

Zjibprary of the CouncH of State. — Catalogue des Kvres 
de la bibliotheque du consejl d'etat. (Par M. Barbier.) 
Paris, an XI. (1802), 2 parts in one vol. folio. 
M. Barbier, at the time of publication, was librarian to the 
Conml d'Mtati Of this catalogue, which is ably drawn up 
and excellently printed, only 200 copies were printed, 15 of 
which were on very beautiful paper. The third part or vo- 
lume has not yet been published. As the French government 
took upon itself the distribution of the work, copies are very 
rare. In bis arrangement, Barbier has adopted De Bure's 
division into five principal elapses, but his subdivisions are 
somewhat differently disposed. M. Achard has inserted Bar- 
bi^r's Table qf Classes in the first vcdume of bis Gours de Bib- 
liogr., pp, 319—343. 

The Royal Library, and that of the Conseil d'.Mtat, are the 
only two. public libraries of which catalogues have been pub- 
lished, and which therefbre fall within our plan to be noticed. 
There are, however, several others, which ftbough we 
cannot enter into details) the bfbBograp)hi*ail student may 
not be d'tspleased to find brie% enumerated : viz. 1. Bib- 
Uatheque de Suutre Na^aas, (Library of the Four Nations) 
founded on the ruiws of . Ifee^ libwry of the Son^oone, 
whi^h Jiad svKCf^ively h^n. augmented by those o^ts 



572 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

founders. Cardinal Richelieu, of the Abbajre de Saint Vic- 
tor, and the relics of Cardinal Mazarine's library. 2. The 
Library of the Pantheon (formerly that of Ste. Genevieve), 
composed of 100,000 volumes and 2000 MSS. 3. TU Li- 
hran/ of the Arsenal, containing 75,000 books and 6000 MSS.; 
it formerly belonged to the Count d'Artois, who purchased 
the fine collection of the Marquis de Paulmy, entire. Many 
of the MSS. are beautifully illuminated on vellum. 4. The 
Bibliotlieque de la Ville, which was given to the Institute : it is 
rich in botanical ^works and drawings of plants. S. The Li- 
ifary of the University, distinguished for the number of books 
and the rarity of editions. 6. The Library belonging to the Con- 
sertMtory ofMvjsic, which was established at Paris in the se- 
cond year of the Republic (A.D. 1791). It contains a com- 
plete collection of Treatises, &c. on the art of music, of an- 
tient and foreigii musical instruments, and such instruments as 
are now in use, and which may serve as models. Beside these, 
all the public bodies have their respective libraries, to which 
access may readily be obtained. 

J. 2. ProifinciaJ Libraries qf France. 
Limoges. — Bibliotheca insignis et regalis ecclesiae S. S. 
Martialis Lemovicensis ; seu catalogus librorum, qui 
in eadem Bibliotheca asservantur. Paris, 1730, 8vo. 

Lyon. — Manuscrits de la Bibliotheque dn Lyon; on 
Notices sur leur anciennet^, leurs auteurs, les objets 
qu'on y a traites, la caractere de leur ^criture, I'indica- 
tion a ceux a qui ils appartinrent, etc. Prec^dees 1°.^ 
d'^ne histoire des anciennes Bibliotheques de Lyon, et 
en particulier de celle de la ville: 2°. d'un essai histo- 
rique sur les manuscrits en g^n^ral, leurs ornemens, 
leur cherts, ceux qui sont a remarquer dans les princi- 
pales Bibliotheques de I'Europe, avec une Bibliogra- 
phie spdciale des catalogues qui les ont decrits. Par 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 573 

Ant. Fr. Delandine, Biblioth^caire de Lyon. Paris et 
Lyon, 1812, 3 vols. 8vo. 

This is one of the most interesting catalogues which has issued 
■ from the French press. The antient libraries of Lyon, which 
the author notices in his preliminary disquisition,, are, 1. 
That of L'Isle Barbe, founded by Charlemagne : 2. That of 
Jean Grollier, whose precious library was sold by auction in 
1575, and was distinguished for its unique and splendid style 
of book-binding (of which some account may be seen in Mr. 
Dibdin's Bibliomania, pp. 654 — 656) : 3. The City Library, 
deposited in the College of the Trinity : 4. The Advocate's 
Library : 5. That of Adamoli, so called from its founder, 
Pietro Adamoli, who bequeathed the property of it to the 
city, and its use to the Academy, of Lyoii : 6. The Monastic 
Libraries : and, 7. The present Public Library of Lyon, which 
is founded on the reunion, of all the preceding collections. 
The Historical Essay on Manuscripts contains a neat account 
of the materials antiently employed for writing, the orna- 
ments, dearness, &c. of MSS. The bibliography of writers, 
who have treated on MSS., though very brief, is worthy the 
student's attention. The manuscripts in the pubhc library at 
Lyon are 1518 in number, which are divided by M. Delan- 
dine into Oriental, Greek, Latin, Italian, and French. The 
latter part of the catalogue is appropriated to MSS. relative 
to the department of Lyons. In each language the books are 
-chronologically disposed, ' according to their subject-matter, 
under the classes of Belles Lettres, History, Sciences, and the 
Arts, Jurisprudence and Theology. Many of the Greek and 
Latin MSS. are stated to be distinguished by their antiquity, 
beauty of execution, and ornaments | and' a considerable num- 
ber of the French MSS. has never been published. M. De-. 
Jandinefs notices of, the Lypnnese manuscripts are, many of 
theni, very minute, and all are well written. The book is every 
way deserving of a place in the bibliographer's collection. 



674 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Of the printed books in this Library, no <«lttl<)giie has yet 
been published. 

Marseilles. — Catalogue des totas les monumens litt6- 
raifeS et scientifiques, r^unis dans le mus6e national de 
Marseillfe. Par C. F. Achard. Marseilles, an Vll. 
(1798), 8VO. 

This is only the first part of the Catalogue announced by M. 
Achard : of the 72 pages it contains, 20 are given to a preli- 
minary disquisitioij, 12 to his bibliographical system, which 
in the main accords with that of Feignot. Bibhography is 
placed first, by way of introduction; to this succeed the 
Belles Lettres, Sciences and Arts, Jurisprudence and Theolo- 
gy. M. Achard has reprinted his system of classification in 
his Cours de Bibliographie, vol. i. pp. 161 — 175. The first 
part of his catalogue terminates with 40 pages of works on 
bibliography. In his notices of these works, the author in- 
troduces occasional corrections of mistakes committed by De 
Bure, (Peignot, t)ict.de BiblioL torn. iii. pp. S— f. 

^aMcy.**— Catalogue des Livres de la BibUotheque 
Royale de Naftcy, fondle par le roi- de Pdogne, due 
de Lorraine et de Bar. (R^dig6 par M. Marquet, bib- 
lioth^caire). NanCy, 1766, Svb. 

Or/mws.-'— Catalogus Librorum, qui Aureliae in Bib- 
liotheca Germa^icae nationis extant, confectus anno 
1664. Aurelise, 1664, 4to. 
Executed by Emmerick Neelergord, the then librarian. 

Gisb. Edingh Catalogus Librorum, qui Aureliae in 
Bibliotheca inclytae nationis Germanicae extant> secun- 
dum seriem literarum alphabeti ^gestus. Aureliae, 
1678, 8vo. 

Mouen. — Notice des Manuscrits de la Bibliotheque de 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 575 

I'^lise metropolitane de Rouen.. (Par I'Abbe Saas.) 
Rouen, 1746, 12nio. 

7b2<rs.-^Bibliotheca Ecdesiae Turonensis ; seu Cata- 
logus Librorum MSS. qui in eadem bibliothec* asser- 
vantur, etc. Studio et opera G. Jouan et Victoria d' 
Avanne. Caesaroduni-Turonum, 1706, 8vo. 



III. LIBRARIES OF GERMANY. 

Altenherg. — Chr. Fred. Wilisch Index Bibliothecse 
Gymnasii Fridericianl Altenburgi, ita concinnatus ut sit 
ad instar locorum communium rei librariae. Altenb. 
1721, 8vo. Appendix ad eundem. Altenb. 1722, 8vo. , 

Annaberg. — Chr. Gotthold Wilisch Arcana Biblio- 
thecse Annaebergensis, in tres partes divisa ; epistolas 72 
summorum quorundam principum, idwissimorumque 
ssec. xvi et xvii virorum, nondum editas^ necnon An<- 
naliiun typographicorum usque ad annum m.d. com^ 
i^eKa. Lipsiae, 1730, 8yo. 

Augsburg. — Catalogus Graecorum Librorum MSS. 
Augustanae Bibliothecae, &c. August. Vindel. 1575, 4to< 

A small tract of two sheets, which Peignot says is extremely 
rare : it is ascribed by Brucker to Jerome Wolfius. The Augs- ; 
burg library ^ras begun by X}%tus Betuleius in 1537. About 
the y«ar 1545, the senate purchased at Venice the Greek 
MSS. of Ant. Eparchus, Bishop of Corfu, for 800 ducats ; 
it was considerably enlarged by Marcus Velserus, whose li- 
brary was added to it. 

Catalogus Graecorum codicum Bibliothecae Augus- 
tanse. August. Vindel. 1594, 4to. 
This Catalogue was compiled by Hoeschelius, at the request 
and with the assistance of Velserus. It is highly esteemed, 
8 



57G CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

and, according to Colomies, is one of the most learned and 
best arranged catalogues of MSS. 

Catalogus Bibliothecae mclyt» reipublicse Augustanae 

utriusque, turn Graeese turn Latinae, librorum impresso- 

rum et manu exaratorum, &c. (Auctore Geo. Henis- 

chio, &c.) August. Vindel. 1600. 

A more copious catalogue than either of the preceding: though 

of a ifolio size, it is only half the breadth of a folio volume. 

According to Morhof, it contains an account of some hitherto 

inedited MSS., as well as of some which were pubhshed by 

Velserus (Polyhist. vol. i.p. 211), " and is moreover full of 

precious bibliographical matter." The similarity of the names, 

(Hoeschelius and Henischius) appears to have caused Mr. 

Dibdin's difficulty in distinguishing between this catalogue 

and the following artiple. (Biyiom. p. 97.) 

Elise Ehingeri Catalogus Bibliothecse reipublicae 
Augustanae variarum linguarum secundum facultates 
divisus. August. Vindel. 1633, fol. 

This catalogue is in considerable request : the titles of books are 
given with great care.' Vogt, and some other writers after 
him, have asserted that only 100 copies of Ehinger's catalogue 
were struck off; but Peignot remarks that this circumstance 
has never been proved. 

Index Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Augustanae, cum 
Appendice duplici, a M. Ant. Reisero. Aug. Vindel. 
1675, 4.to. 

This catalogue is preferable to all former ones : though the 
MSS. described are to be found in the catalogues of Henis- 
chius and Ehinger, it is not the less useful on that account. 
The two Appendixes . indicate the editions of works, either 
printed at Augsburg, or to the publication of which the lite- 
rati of that city contributed. 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. £77 

Notitia.Historico-Utterari^de codicibus MSS. in bib- 
liotheca monasterii ord. S. Benedict!, ad S. S. Udalri- 
cum et Afram, Augustas extantibus. Congessit P. Pla- 
cidusBraun. Aug. Vind. 1791, 6 vols., 4to. 

A Work executed with great exactness. See an account of a 
similar elaborate publication relative to early printed books, 
in the same monastery, p. 537, swpra. 

Berlin. — Pandecta&Brandenburgicse, continentes bib- 
lipthecam auctorum impressorum et MSS. maximam, in 
omnibus fere scientiis et orbis terrarum Unguis, a Christ. 
Heinrich. Berolini, 1699, fol. 

The books are classed alphabetically ; but the catalogue includes 
only' A. and B. To this work, Peignot says, should be added, 
a former publication of Heinrich's, intituled Nodtia Bihlio- 
thec(B quam Fridericus Gulielmus in aula sua, ColonitB ad Spre- 
umfundavit. Berolini, 1687, 4to. 

De scribenda Historia BibliothecaB regiae berolinehsis 
consilium et occasio, calamo epistolographico trigas vi- 
rorum expressa, &c. Berolini, 1725, 4to, 
The three letters noticecl in this work, are, 1. from Joachim 
Ernest Bergier, to M. La Croze ; 2. La Croze's reply to Ber- 
gier, in which he mentions the additions made to the royal 
library, the librarians, number of books, and curious articles 
therein contained; 3. a letter from Bergier to John Christo- 
pher Becmann. ' ! 
]M[art.Christgavii Programmata de initiis, incrementis, 
et statu hodiemo, bibliothecae schoksticae in gymnasio 
Berolinensi. Berol. 1738, 8vo. 

Cologne. — Catalogus Mstorico-criticus MSS. Biblio- 
tbecae ecclesiae metropolitanae Coloniensis. Colon. 
Agrip. 1752, 4to. 

. Dresden. — ^Aug. Beyeri epistola de bibliothecis Dres- 

P P 



57fe CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

tlensibm, turn publicis turn privatis prasdipms. Dresdse^ 
1731, 4to. 

Arcana sacra bibliothecarum Dresdensium. Dresdae, 
1738, 8to. Continuatio prima ad eadem. Dresd. 1738, 
8vo. Continuatio secunda. Dresd. 8vo. 

Chr. Schoetgenii Notitia Bibliothec8&^ scholae Bres- 
densis crucianae. Dresdas, 1743, 4to. 

The King of Saxony's library at Dresden is considered to be 
inferior only to that of the Emperor at Vienna, both for the 
number and value of its MSS., whith amount to five thou- 
sand, and of its printed' books, which are computed at one 
hundfiFed and fifty thousand. This library is most complete in 
the history of all countries, and in the collection of Greefk 
and Latin authors. The valuable library, formerly be- 
longing to Count Bunau, forms a part of this collection.— 
Among the printed books are some of the rarest specimens of 
early typography j of the manuscripts the following may be; 
mentioned : — A Mexican MS. written on human skin! {pern, 
humain) which has been explained by Thevenot : it is a ca- 
lendar, and contains some fragments of the History of the 
Incas. — Liber & Re Miiitari, on vellum, with superb paint- 
ings, in fine preservation : it was presented by Matthias Cor- 
vinus, king of Hungary, to an Elector. — ^The original MS. 
of the R-everies of the celebrated Marshal Saxe, and the iden- 
tical copy which he had made under his own eyes : at the 
end of bis MS. it is said thai he composed this tvorlc in tMr'ieen 
■nights, during ® fever, etad that he finished it in December 
1733. — A very fine copy of the Koran, taken from a Turk 
by a Saxon oificer, at the last siege of Vienna : it had fijr- 
merly belonged to Bajazetll. — ^A Greek MS. of the Epistles^ 
of St. Paul, of the 1 1th century .-^A very fine collection of 
portraits of the most celebrated persons' of the sevetiteentb 
century, by Rabel, a Prench arlfet: the outlines wily areen» 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LiBfeAMES. 579 

graved; k cost 800 ducats. (VoyAge au N6rd de VEutope, 
vol. i. pp. 71 et seq.) 

GofAi.— Godefiidi Vockerodt Historic BibUotliecse 
gymnasM gothani. -Gothse, 1714«, 4to. 

Em. Sal. Cypriani Catalogus Codicum MSS. biblib- 
thecae gothanse, cum Chr. Schie^elii epistolfi de codice 
Willigisiario, et clarorum virorum epistolis 117, exqus- 
dem Bibliothecae autograjphis. Lipsise, 1714, 4t6i 

Gottingen. — Catalogus librorum novse bibliothecge 
gymnasii regii Gottingensis. GottingsSj 1729, Ato. 

The University of Gottingen has long possessed one of the most' 
useful- libraries in Europe ; for which it is io a great measure 

, indebted to his late majesty G-eorge II., and ^specially to the 
muniJBgenee of his present majesty. No recent account of the 
contents of this library ajipears to have been published : hut, 
in 1784, it contained l20,0t)0 volumes. From late intelli- 
gence, we learn thai the Gottingen library is to be fenriclied 
with such of the valuable MSS. and printed books, formerly 
belonging to the Uni^emty of Helmstadt (about to be dis- 
solved), as it does not already possess ; and that a church, 
adjacent to the Univfersity, is forthwith to be prepared f«r 
its reception. (Monthly Magazinej vol. xxxii. pi 526.) 

iyaTwSiff-gA.— Catalogus der Hambiirgischen Kom- 
merz bibliothek, i. e. Catalogue of the Commercial Li- 
brary at Hamburgh. Hambui^gh, l'?89. 
" The liibrary of the Commerz-Deputation, at Hamburgh, is 
one di the most coimplete atid select of it;* kind. The Library 
• fe dperi to the public four titBes k week." Analyi. Ker. 
vol; vji. p. 360. 

Hanover.— 3oh. Ern. Hausmanni Notitia de biblio-. 
thecis Hanoveranis publicis; qua de earum drtii, incre- 
P P 2 



58a CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

mentis, et reliquis notatu dignis, nonnulla breviter stric* 
timque exponuntur. Hanoverse, 1724, 4to« 

Sim. Frid. Hahnii Conspectus bibliothecse Hanove- 
ranae, in ordinem justum redactae. Hanoverse, 1727^, 
♦to. 

Heilhronn. — Job. Ludov. Hockeri Bibliotheca Heils-. 
bronnensis ; sive catalogus librorum omnium^ tam MSS. 
quam impressorum, qui in celeberrimi monasterii heils- 
bronnensis bibliotheca adservantur, codicum omnium 
fbrmaSj astatem, typographosj auctores, auctorumque 
pluriniorum vitas, necnon curiosiora e MSS. excerpta 
exhibens. Noriberg^, 1731, folio. 

Jena. — Memorabilia Bibliothecae Academicae Jenen- 
sis ; sive designatio manuscriptorum ilia Bibliotheci, et 
librorum impressorum, plerumque rariorum. Auctore 
Joh. Christ. Mylio. Jense, 1746, 8vo. 

*' A work of some little importance, and frequently referred to 
by Vogt and Panzer. It is uncommon." (Dibd. Bibl. 110.) 
The University library of Jena contains some finely illuminated 
biblical MSS. One of the printed books is sufficiently impor- 
tant to be distinctly noticed. It is Luther's copy of his 
German version of the Scriptures, which was ordinarily used 
by that illustrious reformer ; who has in several places cor- 
rected it with his own hand, in order to make it a more faith- 
ful representative of the original than the other copies of that 
translation. 

Leipsic. — Joach. Felleri Oratio de bibliotheca acade- 
mise lipsiensis paulina ; cui duplex subjunctus est cata- 
logus, alter manuscriptorum membranaceorum, alter 
chartaceorum, in eadem bibliotheca extantium. Lipsise, 
1676, 4to. 



FOREIGN Pl/BLIC LIBRARIES. FSl 

EJusdem Catalogns cod. MSS. bibliothecse paulinEe, 
&c. Lipsiae, 1686, 12mo. 

Chr. Gottl. Joecheri Orationes de bibliotheca lipsiensi 
paulina. Lipsiae, 1744, 4to. 

De rarioribus nonnullis bibliothecaa paulinae codid- 
bus, auctore Job. Chr. Gottsched. Lipsii, 1746-, 4to. 

The University library of Leipslc is open to the public from 
ten to twelve on Wednesdays and Saturdays. The MSS. are 
not particularly distinguishable for their number or rarity : 
among the printed books are the Constitutions of S(. Clement, 
2 vols., folio, 1460, and Justinian's Institutes, 1468J folio, 
both printed by Fust and SchoiiSer, 

Henr. Pippingii Arcana bibliothecae thomanae lipsi- 
ensis sacra retecta. Lipsias, 1703, 8vo. 

Gottfr. Goetzii Programma de bibliotheca senates 
lipsiensis. . .Lipsi«, 1711, 4to. 

The Magistrates' library at Leipsic was first opened to .the 
public in 1711. It contains a considerable number of MSS. 
and early printed books. Unless any regulations to the con- 
trary have recently been established, free access is allowed 
on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons, 

Munich. — Catalogus Gtaecorum MSS. codicum, qui 
asservantur in inclyta serehissimi utriusque Bavaria du- 
els Bibliotheci, (Monachiae). Ingolstadt, 1602, 4to.! 

A well arranged catalogue : at the beginning there'is an adver- 
tisement, announcing that this library will be opened to all 
who wish to consult it for the public benefit, provided they 
are Roman Catholics ! 

Specimen EGstoricum litterarium originis et incre- 
jnenti Bibliothecse electoralis Monachiensis. Romae, 
-1787, 4to. 



58$ bATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

This is a Latin translation, by the A,bbe Vitali, of a German 
discourse on the origin and increase of the ekjctoral library 
at Munich, delivered in 1784, by the Canon Steigenberger, 
librarian to the court. This small but curious tract shows 
the precious treasure of Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Greek, and 
- Latin MSS., contained in the royal library at Munich.; points 
put the number of rare editions published a]t t|5e first dawn of 
typography, and mentions the eminent men who have con- 
tributed to render this collection so rich and, magnificent. The 
antient MSS. relative to the art of music, in this library, are 
jmmepsely numerous.— Monthly Rev. O. S.vol. Ixxiii. p. 457. 
AnalytRev. vol. ii. p. 104. Dr. Burney's Pres. State of Music 
in Germany, vol. i. p. 129. A Catalogue of the Greek MSS. in 
this library, (compiled by M. Ignatius Hardt) was published 
at Munich in 1806, intituled. Catofoga* codicum manuscripto- 
rum bibliothecm regite Snvaricts, Sub ay,spiciis Maximiliani 
J()sephi BoioariiB regis, edidit notisque illustravk J. Ckristqph. 
'Baro de Aretin. 4to. 1 volume divided into three parts or 
tomes. The royal library at Munich is dep6siled,'not in the 
' palace, but in the college formerly belonging to the Jesuits ; 
where it occupies a handsome building. It contains upwards 
6f 100,000 volumes, and a beautiful collection of MSS., 
some of them of great value. This library is opened t6 the 
public at certain hours in each day. ( Vox/age de deux FrUnqtils, 
vol. i. p. 17.), 

Nauriiburg.—'^otitia, et recensio codicum: MSS. qui in 
bibliotheca episcopatjis Numburgo-cizensis asservan' 
tnr. Aiictore Chr. Gottfr. Miiller. Lipsiae, 1806— 
1811, 8vo. 

This is one of the rarest catalogues of foreign libraries, pro' 
bably from the circumstance of its being published in parts, 
'These are four in number, thoitgh Peignot cursorily mentions 
it, as comprised in two parts only. The Library of Naum> 
burg was founded in the 16th centary, by Julius Piflug, bi- 



FOREIGN PUBLI€ LIBRARIES. 688 

shop of this place, celebrated in ecclesiastical history as the 
zealous opponent of the reformation, and as one of the three 
divines deputed by the Emperor Charles V. to draw up the 
plan of the Interim in 1548. In the 17th century this library 
was further augmented by the purchase of the collection 
of books formed by the learned Thomas Reinesius. The 
printed books and MSS., though few in number, are of consi- 
derable value. Among these are, the Scholia of Olympiodo- 
rus on several of Plato's Dialogues, written in the I6th cen- 
tury ; — a fragment of Orpheus's Argonautics, of the fifteenth 
- century; — the Olympic Odes of Pindar, of the 16th century^ 
. apparentiy transcribed from an antient MS. and illustrated 
with critical notes, copied by Pflug from the dictata of Ri- 
chard Croke (Crocus}, whom Miiller conjectures to be an En- 
glishman, and wb(^ was the first teacher of Greek literature 
at J*ipsic, in 1516; — the Cassandra of Lycophron, with 
Tzetzes' Commentary, dated 1438, hitherto uncollated j — and 
several tracts of lamblichus on the Pythagorean philosophy 
; pff^the 15th century. From these MSS. M. Miiller has given 
a selection of various re&dings. Among the manuscripts^of 
later times are several in Pflug's own handwriting, particu- 
lary one of the celebrated Interim, which was printed verba- 
tim, at Leipsic, in 1803. At the end of each of the four parts 
of this catalogue of the Naumburg Library, is a Programma 
of three or four pages, inviting the public to the academic 
orations of the author's pupils, whose names are specified, to- 
gether with the subjects of their speeches. M. Miiller is rec- 
tpr of the Episcopal School in that city. 

Neustifi{in the Tyrolese). — Verzeichniss typograpMs- 
.cher Denhrmler dem funfzehenten Jahrhundert, Sfc. i. e. 
Catalogue of the typographical monuments of the ISth 
century, preserve^ in the library of the regular Canons 
of St. Augustin at Neustift. 4.to, 1789. — Verzeichniss. ei- 
jHg0r Biickermerkmirdi/keiten, S^c. i. e. Catalo^u^e of some 



584 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

remarkable books in the 16th and 17th centuries, in the 

same library. 1790, 4to. 

These catalogues, which are executed by M. Grass the libra- 
rian, are illustrated with six plates each. The earliest printed 
book is the Constitutiones Clementis, Mayence 1460. In as- 
certaining the age of books without date, the author appears 
to be very successful. His plates of printers' marks are in 
general accurate. Analyt. Rev., vol. x. p. 478, (from the Jena 
Lit. Gazette). 

Nuremburg.: — Joh. Sauberti Historia bibliothecae rei- 
publicse Noribergensis, duabus oratiunculis illustrata. 
Accedit Appendix de inventore typographise, et catalo- 
gus librorum proximis ab inventione annis usque ad 
1500 editorum. Norimbergae, 1643, 12mo. with plates. 

Joh. Jacobi Leibnitzii Memorabilia inclutse biblio- 
thecas Norimbergensis, ' &c. Norimbergae, 1674, 4to. 

Notitia de MSS. quibusdam bibliorum codicibus in 
bibliotheca publica noribergensi. 

This notice occurs in vol. i. (pp. 197 et seq.) of TheopJdli Sin- 
ceri Notitia hist. crit. lihrcyrum rariorum, Frankfort and Leipsic, 
1748, 8vo. 

Bibliotheca, sive supellex librorum impressorum, in 
omni genere scientiarum maximam partem rarissimb- 
rum et codicum MSS. quos per plurimos annos coUegit, 
justp ordine disposuit, atque notis litterariis, ut histo- 
ricae bibliognosiae opes aliquantulum augeantur, illustra- 
vit Adamus Rodolphus Solger. Norimberg*, 1760,61. 
2 vols. 8vo. 

A very rare and useful catalogue. Solger was librarian of the 
Nuremberg public library. 

Christopheri Theophili de Murr Memorabilia Bibli- 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES, 585 

othecarum publicanun Norimbergensium et Universi- 

tatis Altdorfinae. Norimbergae, 1786, 1788, 1791, 

3 parts or volumes, 8vo. 

This catalogue is equally rare with the preceding, and is 
seldom to be obtained complete. The copy now before us 
contains only the two first parts, and is illustrated with 
twenty-three plates, comprising .fac-similes of MSS. and early 
printed books : among these, the neat engravings of the 
ornaments and illuminations of the Codex Ebnerianus, are 
particularly worthy of notice; together with fac-similes 
of the Autographs of cardinal Bessarion, John MuUer (or 
Regiomontanus,) the celebrated mathematician, &c. &c. i 

Sebdorf. — rMoiiumenta Typographica quae extant in 
bibliotheca collegii canoniconmi regularium in Rebdorf; 
collegit, notis illustravit, et edidit ejusdem Bibliothe- 
carius (Andreas Strauss). Eichstadt,. 1787, 4ito. 

The author of this catalogue also published an appendix to 
this work in 1790, 4to. 

Strasburg. — Armamentarium Catholicum Bibliothecae 
ordinis S. Johannis Hierosolymitani, Argentorati nuper 
reseratum, studio et opera Nicol. Weislinger. Argent* 
17*9, folio* 

Stutgard.—Adleri (J. G. C.) Bibliotheca biblica se- 
renissinii Wuertenbergensium Ducis, olim Lorkiana, 
Altona, 1787, 4!to. 

Dr. Marsh pronounces this to be " a catalogue of great merit, 
and great utility." (Lect. in Divinity, Part II. p. 59.) The 
king of Wirtemberg's library at Stutgard, though formed 
within the last 50 years, contains upwards of 100,000 vols. 
It is rich in early printed books, and the collection of bibles i^ 
unique 'in Europe. Already they amount to 9,000; and 
3,000 more are requisite to complete the collection. M. 



S86 . CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Lork was a clergyBnao at Gqpeoliagei) ; and in 1784 disposed 
of bjs collection of bibles, containing 5,156 editions, to the 
then duke of Wirtemberg,who shortl y after purchased Panzer's 
collection, amounting to 1645 vols. The Wirtemberg library 
possesses upwards of 2000 vols, printed before the year 1500. 
(Voyage de deux Francois, vol. I. p. 5. Peignot, Diet, de 
Bibliol. vol. I. p. xviii.) 

Vienna. — Barth. Ch. Richardi Historia bibliothecae 
Caesareae-vindoboneiisis ad nostra tempora deducta. 
Jenae, 1712, Svo. \ 

Petri Lambecii Commentarius de augustissima bibli- 
otheca caesarea-vindobonensi, Libri VIII. cum anno- 
tationibus et figuris. Vindobonae, 1665—1679. 8 vols, 
folio, with plates, 

Dan. die Nessel Catalogus, sive recensio specialis om- 
nium codicum manuscriptorum graecorum, necnon lin- 
guarum orientalium augustissimae bibliothecae csesareae 
vindobonensis, cum novis annotationibus, additamentis 
et£guris. Vindobonae et Norimbergae, 1690. Six parts 
usually bound in two vols, folio. 

De Bure (Bibl. Instr. No. 6004 & 6005,) has highly extolled 
these two works, which have long, and deservedly, been 
valued, for their erudition. The 8th volume of Lambecius is 
most scarce ; the causes of its rarity are stated by Debure, 
and by Mr. Dibdin, (Bibl. p. 54.) Nessel was Lambecius's 
successor in the office of imperial librarian. A new and 
greatly enlarged edition of Lambecius's Commentaries was 
published by Kollarius, at Vienna, 1766 — 82, 8 tomes in 
6 vols, folio, with plates : in which Kollarius Inserted the 
substance of his Analecta Monumentorum omnis cevi mndobo- 
nensiUi {Vindob. 1761, 2 vols. fol. also with plates.) Prior to 
this publication, the original-edition of Lambecius had been 
exceedingly scarce and dear. The supplement of Nessel still 



FOREIGN PUBLip LIBBAIJIES. 587 

Jjears a good pKVGe, being requisite to complete both 

editions. An abridgement pf tbe labours of Lambecius and 

Nessd, was published at H,anover in 1712, in 8vo, intif,u]fid: 

Jac. Frid. Reimanni Bihliotkeea Acroamatica, cqmpreltendens 

, recensionem specialem omnium cffdicum MSS'. Aug. ^ihl. Ct^s. 

Vindobonensis, &c. &c. To those who cannpt obt^n the 

costly volumes above-mentioned, the epitome of Reimann 

^ will; prove a valuable acquisi^Hpn. In the Anicen. LitUmr. of 

, Schelhorn, vol. v. pp. 97—115, a, ninth hook, of Lambecius's 

Commentaries is inserted. 

Codices Manuscripti Theologici Bibliothecae pala- 
tinae Vindobonensis Latini, aliarumque occi^entis 
Unguarum. Recensuit, digessit, indicibus instruxit 
IM^chael Denis, ejusdem bibliothecae primus custos. 
Vi^dobonae, 1795—1800. 6 Parts in 2 vols, folio. 

The previous labours of Lambecius, Nessel, and KoUarius had 
been confined to Greek MSS. In this very important and 
accurate work M. Beni4 has directed his attention to Latin, 

■ with a few notices of oriental MSS. The theological MSS. 

■ here described,, are divided by the learned author into 
Merographici, hermeneutici, jiatristici, dogmaticif pokmici, 

• asceiici,' homiletici, liturgici, and synodici. The ages of the 
different MSS. are stated, where they could be ascertained ; 
and where articles in other classes of literature are found, 
bound up in the same volume with theological works, they 
are likewise described together with them. 

The imperial library at Vienna, which is the subject of the 

■ preceding articles, is perhaps inferior only to that of the 
' Vatican and the royal library at Paris, for the rarity and 
' value of its contents. It was founded by the emperor 

Frederic III., Who sj)ared no expense to enrich it with 
I)rinted bcjoks, as well as MSS. iii every language. , By the 
murviiicenqe qf succeeding emperors, nMmerous imporiant 
"and valuable accessions were made to the collection ; par- 



888 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Ocularly of the large and valuable library of prince Eugene, 
and a considerable portion of the Buda library, founded by 
Matthias Corvinus, which is noticed in a subsequent page. 
The imperial library fills eight spacious apartments ; and a 
ninth is appropriated to a very valuable collection of medals 
and other curiosities. It contains from 12 to 14,000 manu- 
scripts and about .300,000 printed volumes, and is liberally 
opened to the public every day, except on Sundays, holidays, 
and the vacations. The books are disposed according to 
their sizes, and comprise almost a complete series, ex- 
hibiting the origin and progress of the typographic art : of 
these our limits will allow no notice whatever to be given, 
A few however of the MSS. deserve to be mentioned for 
their singular rarity. Among these are, a Mexican MS. 
with coloured figures, on human skin ! a MS. of Livy, of the 
fifth century, of which a few pages are wanting; a MS. 
fragment of St. Mark's and St. Luke's Gospels, written in 
gold and silver characters ; a MS. of Dioscorides with colour- 
ed drawings of plants, written in the fifth century, and 
brought from Constantinople by the celebrated Busbequius *, 
who was ambassador from Charles V. to the Porte, and who 
also sent a MS. of Pliny's Natural History, of contemporary 
date ; a single sheet, eight inches in length, by six in breadth, 
on one side of which a Jew has written, very legibly and 
without any abbreviations, the Pentateicch, the book of Ruth 
in German, Ecclesiastes in Hebrew, the Song of Solomon in 

* Of this MS. Dioscorides, Busbequius has given the following inter- 
esting account:— 

" Sunt, credo, libri haud multo infra 340, quos Csesariae Bibliothecae 
. destinavi. Sunt aliquot nan contemnendi. Unum reliqui Constaatinopoli 
decrepitse vetustatis, totum descriptum liter^.majusculi, — Dioscoridem 
cum depictis plantarum Jiguris ; in quo sunt paucula, ni fallor, Cratevje, 
et Libellus de Avibus. Ego emptum cupivissem, sed me deterruit pretium. 
Kam 100 ducatis indicabatur; summa Caesaris, non mei, marsu{iii> 
Ego instare non desinam, donee Cssarem impulero at tarn preeclaruia 
auciorem ex illi servitute redimat." Busbequii Eplst. IV. p. 39U 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 58f 

latin, Esther in Syriac, and the book of Dtvierofiomy in 
French ! To these may be added an unique relic of an- 
tiquity, — the original Senatiis Consultum on bronze, con- 
cerning the Bacchanals which was passed in the year IS6 
before the Christian sera. It is the same which is cited by 
Livy, (lib. xxxix. c. 18.) and was found in Calabria, on the 
estate of prince Cigala. (VoyE^e de deujp Francois, &c, 
vol. V. pp. 136 et seq. Itinerari/ from London to Constan- 
tinople, p. 29 in vol. 1. of " Mod. and Contemp. Voys^es.") 

Catalogus bibliograpMcus librorum Latinorum et 
Germanicorum Caes. reg. et equestris Academise The- 
resianae extantium; cumi accessionibus originum typo- 
graphicarmn vindobonensium, et duobus supplementis, 
necnon indice triplici systematico-bibliographico et 
typograpMco. (Auctore Josepho de Sartori), Vindo- 
bonae, 1802 — 1805, 13 vols. 4-to. 

Of this elaborate catalogue, Peignot says only one hundred 
copies were struck off: at the beginning of the second vo- 
lume, is a memoir on the origin of printing. Sartori, with 
Schoepflin, assigns the date of it to 1436 ; and, while he is 
of opinion with Meerman, that printing with fixed plates 
was first practised at Haerlem, he ascribes the printing with 

■ moveable types to Strasburg, and the improvement of the art 
to Mayence. For these particulars we are indebted to 
Peignot's Repertoire des Bibliogr. Spec. pp. 134, 125, who has 
a long notice concerning this catalogue of Sartori's. 

Bibliotheca antiqua vindobonensis civica, seu cata- 
logus librorum antiquorum, cum manuscriptorum, turn 
ab invent^ typographia ad annum usque 1560 typis 
excusprum, qui in hac bibliotheca asservantur, cum an- 
notationibus historico-litterario-criticis. Viennae, 17S0, 
4to. 

MsJKar.—- Henn. Joach. Gerdes catalogus biblio- 



590 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

thecse summi regii tribunalis WisiKiariehsis. Wismar, 
1703, folio. 

Wittemberg. — And. Sennerti Bibliotheca2 Academicgp 
Wittebergensisj libri extantiores, classicique fere, usui 
academicQ, eidemqtie privato, publicoque exhibiti. Wit- 
teb. 1678, 4to. 

Francisci Wokenii Bibliotheca Wittenbergensis, theo- 
logico-philologico-pbilosophico-historica, &c. Wittenb. 
1730, 5 parts in one vol. 8vo. 

iVolfenbutteU^^StiC. Burchardi Historia Bibliothecse 
augustse, quse Wolfenbutteli est, duobus libris compre- 
hensa, etc* Lipsiae, Pars I. 1744, 4to. Pars II. 1746, 
4to. 

IV. LIBRARIES OF HOLLAND AND THE NETHERLANDS. 

Antonii Sanderi Bibliotheca, sive elenchus universalis 
codicum MSS. in celebrioribvis Belgii ccenobiis, ecclesiis 
ac privatorum bibliothecis adhuc latentium. Insulis 
(Lisle) 1641 — 43, 4to. 2 vols. 
This work is a catalogue of the MSS. found by the author in 

most of the abbeys of Flanders, Brabant, Hainault, and the 

territory of Liega. The second volume is exceedingly scaixe. 

A copy of this work (almost the only one in England) is in 

the library of the Royal Institution. 

Amsterdam. — Catalogus Librorum bibliothecse civi- 
tatis amstelodamensis (per pluteorum ordinem dispo- 
situs) cum nomenclatore aJphabetico auctorum omniunii 
Amstel. 1622, 4to. 

Catalogus bibliothecae publicse Amstelodamensis, 

Amst. 1668, 4td. 

The public library of Amsterdam, Peignot severely remarks, 
would be more useful, if the books it contains were arranged 
in better order and method. Diet, de Bibl, torn. 1. p. 99. 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 591 

Bncssels. — Menjoire historique siir la bibliotheque 
publique de Bruxelles ; par M. de la Serna Santander. 
Bruxelles, 1809, 8vo. 

The present public library at Brussels was founded on that 
which formerly belonged to the illustrious house of Burgundy ; 
which gave several counts or earls to Flanders, and by whose 
care it was enriched with numerous valuable MSS. Santan- 
der traces the history of this library through its various 
changes, which at difierent periods was successively burnt, 
buried underground, and decimated by French commissaries 
on the capture of Brussels. Though restored to its antient 
splendour by the care of Count Cobentzel and the Prince -of 
Stahremberg, minister plenipotentiary of the Empress Queen, 
this prosperity was of short duration. When the Freuch 
armies over-ran the Netherlands, and occupied Brussels in 
1794, Laurent, representative of the people, caused seven 
waggon loads of. books and MSS. to be taket) from the Bur- 
gundy library; and sometime after MM. Wailly, Le 
Blond, and others, deputed for that purpose,, selected about 
200 MSS. for the national library at P*ris. In 1797, a place 
was provided for the reception of the books from the Bur- 
gundy Library : and in 1798 the collection was enriched 
with all that was valuable from the great depot nrf the Corde- 
liers, which was minutely examined by Santander^ who senlt 
off the most precious articles to Brussels, by permission of the 
ihinister of the interior. The Brussels Library, Santander 
adds, is by gradual acquisitions now become one of the finest 
in the departments of the French empire. Though appro- 
priated to the hwftory t)fthe abovetnentioned library, M. San- 
tander has introduced into his volume some interesting partis 
culars relative to the «tate of litea'ature in the middle age. 
The work concludes with some curious historical OQticres> 
1. Of all the native Belgian poets who flourished before 
1500. 2. Of the antient literary institutions, known in the 
Low Countries tinder the name oi tlhdmbersvf Wietoric. To 



592 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

which are added, 3. Remarks on the state of music in those 
countries, under the government of Margaret of Austria, 
Duchess dowager of Savoy, and on the most celehrated 
Belgian musicians, who flourished before and under her ad- 
ministration.— A copy of Santander's valuable Memoir is in 
the library of the London Institution. 

De?^.— Catalogus Bibliothecae Gymnasii Delphensis. 
Delphis, 1721, folio. 

Duisburg. — Bibliothecae publicae electoralis academiae 
Duisburgensis, ut et bibliothecae goerianae ejusdem aca- 
demiae usibus dictatse, Catalogus (Auctore Gerh. von 
Jljtiaestricht). Duisburgi, 1685, folio. 

Franeker. — Catalogus librorum bibliothecae publicae 
franekerensis, (secundum materias dispositus). Franeke- 
rse, 1601, 4to. 

Catalogus librorum bibliothecae publicae, quae est in 
illustrium Frisiae ordinum academia Franekerana (se- 
cundumi ordinem pluteorum dispositus). Franekerae, 
1644, 4to. 

Catalogus librorum bibliothecae, quae est in academia 
Franequerana : Statuta et leges ejusdem bibliothecae. 
Franequerae, 1656, folio. 

Catalogus librorum bibliothecae publicae, quae est in 
illustri et praepotenti Frisiae ordinum academia Fra- 
nequerana, (secundum ordinem materiarum digestus ab 
Alexandre Savois, cum indice auctorum alphabetico). 
Franequerffi, 171S, folio. 

Gouda. — Bibliothecae Goudan« publicae Catalogog* 
Goudae, 1766, folio. 

Gromngen. — Catalogus librorum bibliothecae univer- 
sitatis Groningae et Omilandiae ordinum, secundum 



FOREIGN PUBLIC UBRARIES. 593 

seriem literarum alphabet! digestus, notiti^ auctus li- 
brorum manuscriptotum, curS, et opera Leon. Offer- 
haus, bibKothecarii. Groningae, 1758, folio. 

Grppeswald. — Job. Caroli Dachnert Bibliotheca 
Academiae Grypeswaldensis descripta. Grypeswaldias, 
1775, 76, 3 vols. 4to. 

Haerlem. — Catdlogus librorum bibliothecae Harle- 
iplanae. Harlemi, 1716, ■ito. 

Catalogus librorani bibliothecae Harlemianae novus. 
Harlemi, 1768, 4to. 

Leyden. — Nomenclator autorum omnium, quorum 
libri extant bibliotheci Lugduno-Batava ; cum epistola 
(P. iBertii) de ordineejus atque usu. Lug. Bat. 1595. 
4to. 

Catalogus bibliothecae publicae Liigduno-Batavae no- 
vitef recbgiiitus. Accessit incomparabilis thesaurus 11- 
bronun orientaliuin, praecipue MSS. Lug. Bat. 1674, 
4to. 

This catalogue was compiled by Frederick Spanheim, the 
younger. 

Catalogus librorum tam impreBsorum quam manu- 
scriptorum bibliothecae publicae universitatis Lugduno- 
Batavse. CurS. et operS. Walferdi Sengqerdii, jacobi 
Gronovii, et Johannis Heyman. Lug. Bat. 1716, 
folio. 

A supplement to this catalogue has been published, in folio, 
which includes the accessions to the library down to 1741. 
The university library of Leyden was founded by William I. 
Prince of Orange : it is deservedly celebrated throughout 
Europe for the many valuable specimens of Greek and ori- 
ental literature with which it abounds. Joseph Scaliger 



694 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

bequeathed his fine collection of Hebrew books to this libra- 
ry, which was further enriched by, the learned GoUus, on 
his return from the East, with many Arabic, Turkish, Per- 
sian, and Chaldean MSS. To this library have also been 
added, the collections of Holmannus, and particularly those 
of the celebrated Isaac Vossius, (which last contained a great 
number of valuable MSS. that are supposed to haVe once 
belonged to Christina, Queen of Sweden) and of the learned 
Buhnken ; whose library contains an almost entire series of 
classic authors, and a collection of MSS. perhaps unique, 
and among which are to be found copies of several that were 
burnt in the abbey of St. Germain-des-Prez. The Leyden 
library is computed to contain. 40,000 volumes, and upwards 
of 8,000 MSS. 

Louvain. — Val. Andr. Desselii bibliothecae Lovanien- 
sis Primordia. Lovanii, 1638, 4to. — Erycii Puteani 
Auspicia bibliothecae publicae Lovaniensis. Accedit 
Catalogus Librorum primae coUectionis. Lov. 1639, 
4to. 

Among other curiosities in this library, there is a MS. Bible, - 
given to the doctors of the university of Louvain, by Cardinal 
Bessarion, in grateful acknowledgment of their hospitable 
treatment of him, 

Utrecht. — Catalogus Bibliothecae Ultrajectinse. Tra- 
ject. Bat. 1670, folio. 

Catalogus Bibliothecas Trajectino Batavse. Traject. 
Bat. 1718, folio. 

V. LIBRARIES OF HUNGARY AND POLAND. 

Breslaw. — Memorabilia Bibliothecae publicae Eliza- 
bethanae, Wratislaviensis, a ftindatore celeberrimo Reh- 
digerianae dictae ; qua3 A. O. R. 1698 in actu gymnas- 
tic© a studiosa gymnasii Elisabethani juventute expomi 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 595- 

fecit Got. Krantz, bibliothecarius. Wratislaviae (Bres- 
law) 1699i 4.to. . 

BUdk. — Julii Pflug Epistdla ad perillustrem atque 
gerierosissimum Virum Ludovicum a Seckeridorf, de 
titraque republic^ meritisimum, praeter fata bibliqthecse 
Budensis, librorum quoque in ultima urbis expugnatione 
repertorum, catalogum exhibens. Jense, 1688, 12mo. 

A very rare and interesting tract, which is not noticed by 
Peignpt, Brunei, or any ather; bibliographers : it contains an 
account pf tjie noble library which, had been formed at Buda, 
by the celebrated Matthias. Corvinus, King of Hungary.; 
Xhis collection was rich in MSS. which were unfortunately 
"dispersed "on the capture of Buda by Solyman, in 1526. 
Cardinal Bozman in vain offered the conqueror 2000 crowns/ 
to recover it. Some of its hooks have been found in the im-' 
-perfal Ubrary at Vienna, in the Wolfenbuttel library, and 
in .that of Morelli, the Ifeamed librarian of St. Mark's at 
Venice. (Morhof. Polyhist. lib. I. c iv. § 31. Delandine, 
Bibliotlreque du Lyon, torn. II. pp. 67, 68. Denis. Cat. MSS. 
Theol. torn. I. pp. 723,847. Morelli, Bibliotheca Graeca, torn. 
I. pp. 330, 405, et seq. 417.) Morelli mentions the names of 
several authors, who have written on the fate of the Buda 
library, particularly a dissertation of Xistus Schier, an Au- 
gustiiiian, printed at Vienna, 1766, and again in 1799. 

' Sczeckem/ Librartf'.—Caia\6gds bibliothecae hungaricae 

FrancJsci comitis Sczechenyi Oldenburgi, 1799 et seq. 

vols. I. & II. 8vo, Vol. ' ill. Pesth, 8vo.— Supple- 

mentum primum ad eiindem. Presburgh, 1804, 8vo. 

cum Indice. — Supplementum secundum ad eundem. 

Oldenburgi, 1807, 8vo. Ejusdem Cataldgi ^ndex gene- 

ralis, Pesth, 1807, 8vo. 

By the liberality of Count Sczecheny, his private library is be- 
come the library of the kingdom of Hungary. The books are 
QQ 2 



396 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

giv«n alphabetically in ttie catalogue and supplements, and 
classed in the indexes according to subjects. M. de Miller, 
the count's librarian, having discovered several works printed 
at Gros Waradin in the 16th and 17th centuries, published 
an account of them at Pesth, in 1804, in Svo. intituled, Fraj;- 
menta veteris tt/pograpMce Magno-varadihensis, collecta a Jac. 
Ferd, de Miller. 

VI. IIBKARIES OF ITALY AND SICILY. 

Cesena. — Catalogus codicum MSS. Maletestlanse bib- 
liothecse, etc. auctore Jos. Mar. Muccioli. Csesenae^ 
1780 — 84, 2 vols, folio, wdth plates. 

FUyrence. — Henr. Ernstii catalogus librorum MSS. 
bibliothecas Mediceae; quae asservatur Florentise in 
ccenobio D. LaurentiL Amstel. 1641, 8vo. 

Catalogus codicum MSS. bibliothecee Mediceaa Lau- 
rentianse et Palatinge, Steph. Euodius digessit et notis 
illusttavit, Ant. Fr. Gorio curante. Florentise, 1742, 
folio. 

An excellent work : large paper copies of it are particularly in 
request, 

Bibliothecae hebraico-grfficse florentinae, sive Biblio- 
thecEe Mediceo-Laurentianae catalogus, ab Antonio Ma- 
ria Biscionio digestus atque editus. Florentiae, 17Sf, 
2 torn, in one vol. folio. 

" A grand book ; full of curious fac-similes of all sorts of 
things." (Dib. Bibl. 117). Peignot erroneously describes it 
as being in 2 vols. 8vo. 

Catalogus codicum MSS. bibliothecae Mediceae-Lau- 
rentianse, varia continens opera graecorum patrum, 3fc. 
Angelus Maria Bandinius, ejusdem bibliothecae regius 
praeiectns, recensuit, illustravit, edidit. Florentiae, 
1764—78, 8 vols. foHo. 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 597 

In this splendid work will be found a description and analysis 
of the works, various readings, and frequently remarkable 
extracts, illustrated with plates representing the characters of 
the most antient MSS. These eight volumes are very rare : 
the three first comprise the Greek MSS. The Latin MSS. 
fill four volumes, and the Italian MSS. one volume. To 
complete the collections relative to the Florentine library, 
the following work should be added : 

Bibliotheca Leopoldina^Laurentiana; sive catalogus 
MSS. qui jussu Petri Leopoldi in Laurentianam trans- 
lati sunt, in qua quae in singulis codicibus cohtinentur, 
ad quodvis literature ^enus spectantia, accuratissime 
describuntur, edita supplentur et emendantur. Ang. 
Mar. Bandinius recensuit, illustravit, edidit. Florent. 
1791, 92, 93, 3 vols, folio. 

This great work (in all making eleven volumes, folio) wap 
undertaken, and executed by the late learned librarian, An- 
gelo-Maria Bandini, at the instance of the emperor Francis I. ; 
who presented him with a sum of money towards the ex- 
pense, and made him promises of further assistance, which 
were defeated by the death of that munificent sovereign. 
(Roscoe's Leo X, vol. IV. p. 181, note, 8vo. edit.)— The 
Laurentian library was commenced by Cosmo de Medi- 
cis, " the father of a line of .princes, whose name and age 
are almost synonymous with the restoration of learning. His 
credit was ennobled into fame ; his riches were dedicated to 
the service of mankind ; he corresponded at once with Cairo 
and London ; and a cargo of Indian spices and Greek books 
were often imported in the same vessel." (Gibbon's Decl. and 
Fall, vol. XII. p.l36.)"Asthe natural disposition of Cosmo led 
him to take an active part in collecting the remains of classic 
antiquity, so his wealth and extensive commercial intercourse 
enabled him to gratify his passion beyond every other indivi- 
dual. To this end he laid injunctions on all his friends and 



598 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

correspondents, as well as on the missionaries and preachers 
who travelled into the remotest countries, to search for and 
procure antient manuscripts, in every language, and on every 
subject." He availed himself of the services of the most 
. learned men, his contenjporaries : and " the situation of the 
eastern empire, then daily falling into ruins by the repeated 
attacks of the Turks, afforded him an opportunitj' of obtain- 
ing many inestimable works in the Hebrew, Greek, Ghaldaic, 
Arabic, and Indian languages. After the death of Cosmo, his 
son Piero pursued with steady perseverance the same object, 
and made various important additions : but although the an- 
•cestors of Lorenzo laid the foundation of the Laurentian 
■ library, the honour of raising its superstructure may justly be 
•claimed by Lorenzo himself, whose assiduity and liberality in 
• enlarging his collection of books and antiquities knew no 
bounds. This matchless collection, however, was, shortly 
after the death of Lorenzo, dispersed- by the French troops, 
by order of Charles VIH. King of France, whose resentment 
the haughty Piero de Medicis had incurred : in the perpe- 
tration of this sacrilegious deed, they were joined by the Flo- 
rentines themselves, who openly carried of^ or secretly pur- 
loined, whatever they could discover that was rare, interesting, 
or valuable. The library, however, was subsequently restored 
by the perseverance and liberality of Leo X. \A\o removed it 
to Rome ; whence it was re-transferred to Florence by his 
successor, Clement VHL ; who, by a bull, dated December 
15, 1533, made provision for its future security. (Rpscoe's 
Life of Lorenzo de Medicis, vol. I. pp. 37, 38. Vol. U. pp. 
60, 253, 254, 284—286.) 

Catalogus codicum sasculo xv impressorum, qui in 
publics bibliotheca Magliabechiana Florentise adservan- 
tur. Auctore Ferdinando Fossio, ejusdem bibliothecse 
praefecto. Florentise, 1793—95, 3 vols, folio. 

A superb work, of which copies on thick paper are rare. Thi« 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 599 

■ catalogue is highly and deservedly esteemed : though from 
the title-page M. Fossi should seem to be the editor, it de- 
serves to be known for the honour of the real author, that it 
is the result of many years' labour, by M. Vincent Folliui, 
the present librarian of the Magliabechian collection. M. 
FolHni, having been placed in that office through the friendly 
influence of his predecessor Fossi, adopted this mode of tes- 
tifying his gratitude to his predecessor. (Peignot, Rep. Bibl. 
Univ. p. 273.) 

The name of Magliabechi, — who, from being servant to a 
dealer in vegetables, raised himself to the honourable office 
of librarian to the grand dnke of Tuscany at Florence, and 
became one of the most eminent literary characters of his 
time, — ^is even on this account sufficiently known, and will 

, indeed never be forgotten. He has however endeavoured to 
deserve still better of his countrymen and of the public, by 
presenting them sometime before his death (which happened 
in 1714), not only with his very large and valuable collection 
of books, but also with what fortune he had remaining for 

. its future support. By this aid, as well as by subsequent do- 

. nations of several others, together with the bounty of some of 

. the grand dukes, the Magliabechian library became so much 
augmented, that both in number and. value it may vie with 
some of the most considerable libraries in Europe, Of this 
truly noble treasure, only the books printed in the 15th cen- 
tury are described by M. FoUini, who dedicated his cata- 
logue to Ferdinand III. of Austria. It is particularly rich in 
the early productions of the Italian press, which are de- 

, scribed alphabetically, with great accuracy and detail : to 
these are added brief notices of the lives of the different au- 
thors, drawn from the most authentic sources. Four very 
copious indices, chronological and alphabetical, of the books 
described and of their authors, editors, &c. &c. terminate this 
curious and splendid work. (Brit. Crit. vol. v. p. 161. vol. x. 
p. 313.) An account of the celebrated Magliabechi was pub- 



600 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

lished by Mr. Spence in a Parallel between him and Mr. Hill. 
(Strawberry HilL) 1758, Svo. J'rom this Mr. Dibdin has given 
some interesting anecdotes, with a profile, in his Bibl. pp. 
115, 116. An extract may also be seen in the Annual Register, 
vol. ii. pp. 293—297. 
Messina. — Catalogus codicum Graecorum, qui mscti 

reperiuntur in archimaiidritatu S. Salvatoris, Messanae 

(in Sicilia). 

This catalogue occurs in vol. ix. of Graevius's Thesaurus An- 
tiquitatum et historic Sicilies, after Placidi Reynx Notitia his- 
torica Urhis Messanx. — Copies of this Thesaurus are in the 
libraries of the Royal Institution, and of the Writers to the 
Signet at Edinburgh. 

Milan. — Jac. Phil. Opicelli Monumenta" bibliothecas 
Ambrosianae. Mediolani, 1618, Svo. 

Petri Pauli Boschae de origine et statu bibliothecse 
Ambrosianae, libri v. 

In vol. ix. part 6, of Muratori's great Thesaurus Ant, et Hist. 
Italics; copies of which are in the same libraries. An Ora- 
tio de tisu fructuque librorum bibliothecce Ambrosianis ad Car- 
dinalem Borrotnwum, was published by Erycius Puteanus 
in his Suada Attica, Lug. Bat. 1623, Svo, p. 85 et seq. 

Naples. — .Nich. Toppi Biblioteca Napoletana, e Ap- 
parato a gli huomini illustri en lettere, insino all' anno 
1678. Napoli, 1678. — ^Addizioni copiojse di Lionardi 
Nicodemo alia biblioteca napoletana del Nicol. Toppi. 
Napoli, 1683, folio. 

Doth these works, says Peignot, are rare and much valued ; but 
the supplement is seldoih to be met with. 

Bibliotlieoae S. Angeli ad nidum Catalogus. Neapoli, 
1750, folio. 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 601 

Nomra. — Lettera dell' abate Giovanni Andres al sign. 

abate Giacomo Morelli sopra alcuni codici delle biblio- 

teche capitolari di Novara e di Vercelli. Parma, 1804, 

8vo. 

This elegantly printed letter contains interesting details relative 
to many valuable MSS. discovered in the libraries belonging to 
the chapters of Novara and Vercelli.^particularly a diploma 
of Luitprand, king of the Lombards, of the year 780, an an- 
tient ivory diptychus, at Novara, and a collection of Lonii- 
bard laws, of the 8th century, &c. at Vercelli. 

Padua. — Jac. PhiL Tomasini Bibliothecae Patavinse, 
manuscriptae publicse et prfvatse ; quibus diversi scrip- 
tores, hactenus inco^iti, recensentur ac illustrantur. 
Utini, 1639, 4to.' 

Beside the catalogue of MSS. in the public and private libra- 
ries at Padua, this work contains notices of several writers 
but little known. 

Rome. — Delia Libraria Vaticana Ragionamenti di 
Mutio Pansa, divisi in quatlaior parti. Roma, 1590, 

Angeli Rocchae BibliothecaApostolica Vaticana a Six- 
to V. in splendidiorem commodioreraque locum translata 
commentario iUustrata. Romffi, 1591, 4to. 

These two works relate rather to the ornaments, than to an 
analysis of the Vatican Library (Dibd. Bibl. 44). Roccha 
however gfives not only the names, qualities, and princip&l 
works of the difierent authors, but also introduces their Eu- 
logies (Baillet, Jugem. des Sav. vol. ii. p. 141). An Account of 
.tlm Original qf Writing and Faper, extracted from Pan.sa'« 
work, is in the^Harl. Miscell. vol. iii. pp. 336—339, (orig. 
edit,) 

Pope Nicholas V. is justly considered as the founder of the 
Vatican Library : for, of the collections of his predecessors 
7 



602 CATALOGUES, ETC, OF 

.very little remained on his ascending the papal throne, the 
. books having been either destroyed or lost by frequent re- 
movals between Avignon and Rome ; as caprice or necessity 
led the reigning pontifis to choose either of those places for 
his residence. During eight years that Nicholas V. held the 
see of Rome, he collected upwards of 5000 MSS. as the basis 
of a great library. His designs were carried into effect by 
Sixtus IV., Leo. X., Clement VIIL, and succeeding pontiffs : 
and during the reign of Urban VIII. a most valuable addition 
was made, of the library belonging to the Count Palatine at 
Heidelberg ; who having been defeated by the duke of Bava- 

■ ria, the latter offered it first to Paul V. who declined its ac- 
ceptance, and afterwards to Urban VIH. This pope dis- 

■ patched Leo Allatius into Germany for the purpose of select- 
ing the most valuable books to be sent- to Rome * : by this 
acquisition and by the liberality of subsequent Popes, the 
Vatican Library became the richest perhaps in the world, at 
least in MSS. before the most valuable of these were conveyed 
to Paris in 1797. 

Bibliotheca Orientalis Clementino-Vaticana ; in qua 
codices syriacos, arabicos, persicos, hebraicos, malaba- 
ricos et aliarum orientalium linguarum, recensuit et di- 
gessit Jos. Sim. Assemamius. Romse, 1719 — 28, 3 
torn, in 4 vols, folio. 

This catalogue is highly esteemed by the learned, and is equally 
scarce both in England and in France : its value is consider- 
ably increased by the interesting notices interspersed by As- 
semanni, relative to the authors of the MSS. 

Recensio MSS. codicum qui ex universa bibliotheca 
vaticana selecti jussu Pii VI. P. M. prid. id. jul. anno 

* Allatius wrote a tract in Italian, on the conveying of the Palatine Li- 
brary to Kome, which was translated and published In Latin by Mich. 
Ftid.Quade, at Gryjibiswold,. 1708, 4t9. 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRAKIES. 603 

1797 procuratoribus Gallorum, seu pactarum inducia- 
rum ergo et initas pacis, traditi fuere. Accedit Index 
librorum, tam iitipressorum quam MSS. bibliothecae 
vaticanae ut et vasorum etruscorum ac numorum, iisdem 
procuratoribus exhibitorum. Lipsiae, 1804, 8vo. 

This catalogue, which was written if not first printed in Italy, 
contains an account of 501 MSS. which the French took away 
from the Vatican library in 1797. Of these 30 were Hebrew ; 
40 Syriac ; 19 Coptic; 11 Chinese; 133 Greek, among 
which were the celebrated Codex Vaticanus of the Septuagint; 
176 Latin MSS. of the greatest importance, among which 
were the famous Virgil of the 7th century, Terence of the 
10th, Horace of the 11th, Caesar of the 13th, Plautus of the 
11th, Pliny of the 10th, and Ovid of the 12th centuries, be- 
side many other MSS. of great importance in illustrating the 
history of the9ih and 10th centuries. Numerous MSS. in mo- 
dern languages were also seized, particularly the Comedia of 

, Dante, transcribed by Boccacio, Sfinnazarq's Arcadia,, and 
Michael Angelo's Letters in their respective handwritings, 
and also the letters of Henry VIII. and Queen Anne Boleyp, 
(printed in the Harl. Miscel. vol. iii. pp. 45 — 62, first edit.) 
&c. &c. Of early printed books, 136 were taken, -together 
with 13 Etruscan vases, and 737 antient coins ; particulars of 
which are given in theiCrit. Rev. 3rd series, vol. iv. pp. 530 — 
533, whence this notice is abridged. 

Catalogus bibliothecae Casanatensis librorum typis.im- 
pressorum. Romae, 1761 — 88, 4 vols, folio. 

The greater part of this excellent but unfinished catalogue, 
(vol. iv. terminates with the letter K.) was compiled by the 
Celebrated bibliographer Audiffredi : it is executed on a very 
extensive plan. Not only are notices inserted of the authors' 
Uves, together with indications of such of their works as form 
part of some great collections; but references are also mide 
to the authorities consulted by the compilers of the catalogue. 



C04 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

The Casanata library is thus denominated from Cardinal 
Casanata, its founder, by whom it was bequeathed to the 
convent of Minerva, (St.a Maria sopra Minerva ?) where it is 
now deposited. Peignot, Rep. Bib. Univ. 67. 

Mussei Borgiani Codices manuscripti avenses, pegua^ 
ni, siamici, etc. animadversionibus illustrati. Auctore 
Francisco Paulini a S. Bartholomaeo. Romae, 1793, 4to. 

The learned author of this work was for many years a mission- 
ary in the East Indies ; the literature of which he has illus- 
trated in several learned works enumerated by Brunet, torn. ii. 
p. 251. 

Turin. — Codices manuscripti bibliothecae regii Tauri- 
nensis athenaei per linguas digesti. Recensuerunt et ani- 
madversionibus illustrarunt Josephus Pasinus, Antonius 
Rivautella, et Franciscus Berta. Taurini, 1749, 2 vols, 
folio. 

Venice. — Jac. Philip. Tpmasini Bibliothecae Venetae 
manuscriptae, publicae et privatae ; quibus diversi scrip- 
tores hactenus incogniti recensentur. Utini, 1650, 4to. 

Graeca D. Marci Bibliotheca codicum manuscripto- 
rum per titulos digesta, jussu senatus. (Auctoribus Ant. 
M. Zanetti et Ant. Bongiovanni.) Venetiis, 1740, folio. 

Latina et Italica D. Marci Bibliotheca codicum manu- 
scriptorum, per titulos digesta ; jussu senatus. (Auctore 
Ant. M. Zanetti). Venetiis, 1741, folio. 

Dissertazione storica deUa libreria publica di S. Mar- 
co di Venezia, da Jacopo Morelli. Venezia, 1774, 8vo. 
The public library of St. Mark, at Venice, was founded in the 
14th century : the collection was begun by Petrarch, who be- 
queathed his books to the republic. After Petrarch, Cardi- 
nal Bessarion, by his will added to this library the curious 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 605 

collection of Greek MSS. which he had formed in Constanti- 
nople, Egypt, and Greece. Subsequent additions were made 
by other cardinals. This library is deposited in two apart- 
ments ; one of which is appropriated to MSS. and the other 
contains the printed books. Though small, when compared 
with other libraries of the Continent, this collection exhibits 
many valuable articles. 

Joh. Bened. Mitarelli Bibliotheca Codd. Manuscrip- 
torum monasterii S. Michaelis Venetiarum, cum appen- 
dice libroniin impressorum seculi xv. Venetiis, 1779, 
large folio. 

See Mr. Dibdin's Bibliomania, p. 118, note. 

Codices Manuscripti Latim bibliothecae Nanianse, auc- 
tore Jac. Morelli. — I codici manoscritti vclgari della li- 
breria Naniana, da Jac. Morelli. Venezia, 1776, 2 vols. 
4to. 

Grseci codices manuscripti, apud Kanios asservati, 
(Descripti a J. Aloysio MingareUio). Bononi8e,1784, 4to. 
— ^Ejusdem .^gyptiorum Codicum Reliquiae in Biblio- 
thecS Naniani asservatae. Bononise, 1785, 4<to. 

Catalogo de' codici manoscritti orientali deUa biblio* 
teca Naniana, da Sim. Assemanid. Padova, 1787, 2 vols. 
4to. 

VII. LIBRARIES OF RUSSIA. 

Petersburg.'^— EasaisvLT la Bibliotheque et le cabinet de 
curiosite et d'histoire naturelle del'academie des sciences 
de St. Petersbourg; par Jean Bacmeister, sous-biblio- 
th&saire. Petersbourg, 1776, 8vo. 
The Imperial Academy of Sciences at Petersburgh, was insti- 
tuted by Peter the Great ; who, during his travds, had ob- 
served the benefit resulting from public societies for the pro- 



606 CATAL0(5UES, ETC. OF 

motion of literature. Its library originated in 2500 volumes, 
which the Tsar had seized at Mittau in his Swedish campaign; 
and which Catherine I. presented to the Academy. By the 
bounty of succeeding Tsars, it has continued to increase, and 
in 1803 received an important augmentation in the library 
and cabinet of Count Buturlen, purchased by Alexander L 
This collection is now open to the public two days in the 
week, and contains upwards of 60,000 volumes. Some in- 
teresting particulars relative to this library, may be found in 
Mj. Coxe's Travels in Russia, chap, xvii., Storch's Picture^ 
of Peiersbiirgh, and especially in the Voyage au nord de I'Eu- 
rope, torn. iii. p. 212 et seq. 

Moscow. — Arcana bibliothecos synodalis et typogra- 
phicBB moscuensis sacra, tribus catalogis eodicum Grse- 
corum, ab Athanasio Schiada etc. Ijpsiae, 1624, 8vo. 

Catalog! duo eodicum manuscriptorum Graecorum,, 
qui in bibliotheca synodali Moscuensi asservantur, ab 
Athanasio Schiada, inspecti et examinati, etc. Accedit 
Appendicis loco tertius Catalogus 93 eodicum MSS. 
bibliothecae typograpbicse moscuensis. In^typograpM'a 
Moscuensi, 1123," 4!to. 

Accurata eodicum Graecorum MSS; bibliothecarum 
mosquensium sanctissimse synodi Notitia ac Recensio, a 
C. Fr. de Matthsei. Lipsiae, 1806, 2 vols. 8vo. 

The first edition of this catalogue was printed in 1780 : in the 
present edition are described, 401 Greek MSS. in the hbrary 
of the Holy Synod, and 101 MSS. in the hbrary belonging_lo 
the printing-office of the Synod. As, previously to the ir-' 
ruption of the French into Moscow, all the .archives andotheri 
valuable documents were removed to a place of-^'' safety, it is: 
probable that this library, was transported also: whether it. 
will be restored to its former receptacle time only can deter- 
mine. The books amoupted to about 4000 volumes, chiefly 
8 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES, 607- 

on ecclesiastical affairs ; the number of MSS. was diminished 
in consequence of Catherine II. having commanded all MSS. 
relative to the history of Russia, to be conveyed to Petersburg 
wherever they might be found. 

VIII. LIBRARIES OF SPAIN AND PORTUGAL, 

The Escurial. — Bibliotheca Arabico-Hispana Escu- 
j-ialensis; sive librorum omnium MSS. quos arabice 
compositos bibliotheca coenobii escurialensis complec- 
titur, Recensio et explanatio, opera et studio Michaelis 
Casiri. Matriti, 1760—70, 2 vols, folio. 

This catalogue is particularly valuable ; because not only each 
MS. is enumerated, but also its age and the author's name 
(when known,) are given, together with occasion&l and 
copious extracts both in the original Arabic and in Latin. 
A copy of it is in the Library of the London Institution : a. 
copious analysis of these 'curious volumes is given in the 
Appendix to Harris's Philological Inquiries, pp.. 543^-552., 
The library of the Escurial is computed to contain about 
30,000 vols, and used to be open to the public every moriiing 
and evening while the court resided at the monastery of the' 
Escurial. Of the MSS. (4,300 in number) 567 are Greek, 
67 Hebrew, and 1800 Arabic. The books ' are placed, 
whimsically enough, with their backs to the wall: conse- 
quently the edges of the leaves are turned outwards, and.on 
these fthe titles of the works are written. Such was the 
practice of Arias Montanus in the 16th century (whose 
library formed the basis of that of the Escurial): and' this 
method, it is said, has continued to be followed for the sake 
of uniformity ! 

Madrid. — Regiae BibliothecaB Matritensis codices 
Graeci MSS. Joannes Yriarte excussit, recensuit, notis, 
indicibus, anecdotis pluribus evulgatis illustravit. Ma- 
triti, 1769, folio. 



608 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

This work is rarely to be met with, the king of Spain having 
reserved the whole impression for presents. A second 
volume was to have followed, which has not yet appeared. 

Lisbon. — Catalogus Bibliothecae marianae congre- 
gationis oratorii ulixbonensis occidentalis. Ulissipp, 
Occid. 1736, 12mo. 

Index Codicum Bibliothecae Alcobatiae. Olisippone, 
1775, 4to. 

tX. LIBKARIES OF SWEDEN. 

Upsal, — Olavi Celsii Bibliothecae Upsaliensis Historia. 
tlpsalise, 1745, 8vo. — Anonyiiii in Bibliothecae Upsali- 
ensis Historiam Stricturae, 1746, 8vo. 

Catalogus Centuriae Librorum rarissimorum manu- 
ScriptOrum et partim impressorum ; qua Anno 1705, 
biblioth^cam upsahensem Jok Gab. Sparwenfeldius 
auxit et exornavit. Upsal. 1706, 4to. 

Notitia Codicum MSS. Graecorura Bibliothecse 
academiae Upsaliensis, auctore P. J. Aurivillio. Pars 
Prima. Upsal. 1806, 4to, (14 pages).— Ejusdem No- 
titia Codicum MSS. Latinorum. Upsal, 1806, 4to, (8 
pages.) 

Catalogus Librorum Bibliothecae Academiae Upsali- 
ensis, auctore P. J. Aurivillio, sectio prior. Upsal. 
1807, 4to. 

The library of the University at Upsal is stated to comprise 
50,000 vols. It received a most valuable donation of books 
and MSS. from the great chancellor of Sweden, Magnus 
Gabriel de Gardie, whose testamentary bequest was pubUshed 
at Stockholm in folio, 1672. Peignot adds that a catalogue 
was published in 1785 at Stockholm, of 93 Greek, Chaldee, 
Arabic and Hebrew MSS. sent to the library at Upsal by 



FOREIGN PUBLIC 1.IBRA11IES. 609 

M. Bioemstuel. One of the apartments of this lifariiry 
contains an article, the supposed contents of which have 
«xeited much speculation and conjecture among the learned. 
The article in question is a large box, on which stands 
another of snia:ller dimensions; both of them are secured 
with strong chains and locks. These were presented to the . 
University by the late king, (Gustavus HI.) with the injunc- 
tion that thiey should not be opened for fifty years. — When 
that period expires, .(^vbich will he in the year 1S42) .they will 
p.robably be found to coQ):ain a Jiistory of i^is pwp time, with 
various documents, letters, &c. &c. 
The roydl library at Stockholm, which was founded by Gus- 
tavus Vasa, is said to have contained not more than 500 
MSS. and 25,000 printed bobjis.;: but in 1807 it received a 
valuable awgrnentation, by the acquisition of M, d'HielijVT . 
stierna's library, by whose fapirs it was offered tp the king. 
A catalogue of it, according to Peignot, was published irj 
1782 — 83, in 2 vols. 4to, of which I have not met with any 
account. M. d'Hielmstierna's collection is said to consist of 
MSS. and rare works, chiefly on the subj^ect of the literary 
iiistdry of Denmark, Sweden, and Holstein, 

BT. Ll-BRAMES OF SWITZERLAND. 

jSe^ne.^Catalogus Cpdicum MSS^ bibliothecse. Be;-- 
hensis, annotatipnibys.criticis illustratus; cumnte J. R, 
Sinner. BeKnee," 17^0, 3 vols. 8vo. , , 

This useful catalogue is illustrated with ihree plates, of fac- 
similes of MSS, of different ages, 
Gfewew.— ,Pataiogue rajsdnnig ,des manuscrits con^ 
servesdans la BMioth^que de la villa et r^pubbque de 
Gen4ve, 'par Jean Senebier, bibliothecaire de cette 
^epuMique. Oeneve, 1779, 8vo. 

This catalogue (a copy of which is in the' library of .'the 
i-oiidon Institution) is vei-y curious and well executed. ' \\ 



610 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

is divided int;o three parts, treating 1. of Oriental MSS. 

2. LSitin ]V[SS. aijd S.French, Italian,. and SpMniah MSS. 

M. Senebier attempts to determine the ages of the several 

MSS. the forms and sizes of which he describes, as well as 

the m^iterials on which they are written, their ornaments, &c- 

and those are distinguished, wluch have never been printed. 

An analysis of this catalogue is given in the Monthly Revievf* 

(Old Series,) vpl. Ixi. p. 543, et seq. 

Zurich. — Bibliotheca nova Tigurinorum publico- 

privata, selectiorum variarum linguarum, artium, et 

scientiarum librorum, (Germ, et Lat.) Tiguri, 162^,, 

4.to. 

Catalogus Liteorum Bibliothecae tigurlnae fti inferi- 
ore eedium parte colloeatorum, (ordine alphabetlco di- 
gestus). Tiguri, 1744, 2 vols. 8vo. 

The public library at Zurich contains about 25,000 vols. an4 
some curiouf^ MSS. particularly of th,e celebrated Zuingle, 
(of which M. Hess has availed himself in his life of th^t 
reformer) and the Psalms in Greek, written on violet 
coloured parchment. The letters are silver, except the 
initials, which are in golden characters, and the marginal 
references which are red. It is supposed to Ijave forrned 
part of the celebrated Codex Vaticanus, to which it in all 
respects is similar, and which is deficient in the Psalms. It 
has probably been transferred to Paris and united to the 
Cqd- Vat., in the imperial library. 

XI. LIBRARIES OF TURKEY. 

(QdHf^flnljijt^le., — Catalogo della libreria della ser^l^^^ 
t];asportato da ConstantinopoU a Ven^zia dall'ab^; 
Giambatista Toderini, nel anno 1786, 8vo. — (Deili^ 
Letteratura Turchesca, vol. II. pp. 53( — 81, and in, 
Turkish, at the ^nd of ths same voliime.) 



FOREIGNi PUBLIC LIBIlARI^ES. 611 

There are tiiiro lijbra^rie? wifihin the walls of the serngJiOj for the 
use of the imperial household: they were founded by 
Ahmed HI. and Mustaipha HL and enriched with books 
acquired by themselves or by their succeggprg. "Eh^se two 
libraries contain upwards of fifteen thousand volume?, and 
.are continually iocreasingj ^ith^r by piwchase, by donations 
.made to the sovereign by 'his gEanjtesiOr by the confiscatious 
which he frequently makes of the effects of public officers, 
among^ whiqji spmehftolfS are always to^e.fpijntl. (D'Ohsson, 
T^b. Qpji. jjic I'E.mp. Ottfjmanc, torn- ii- pp. 487—494.) 

Concerning the conteiits ,of thp^e libraries much }4Tic,ert3^nty 
has prevailed, and Wany erroneous reports have been circu- 
lated: det/erred from making further research by the assur- 
ances he had received tJjat Amurath IV. had burned all th^ 
G|r|iek MSS. they contaij)pd,^he 4i>be Sevin (see p. xxv. 
supra) deem.^d any ^ijf|h^r enquiry to J)e fruitless ; and suc- 
ceeding travellers, relying q^ assuranc;|?.s that \yere equally 
un^serving of credit, h^ve assef te^d that if>, them were pre; 
served the antient collectiQus of thp G,r?ek empei'ors*. More 
fortunate than precejling travellers, the Abb6 Toderini (after 
three years' unremitting attempts during h|s resiclence in 
Cppstantinople,) found means to procure transcripts of th^ 
present catalogue of the libraries of the seraglio, by means of 
a page, who clandestinely transcribied a,fe:iy lipes every 
day. . , , 

From the enquiries of t^is learj;ifid Abbp, it appears tjiat the 
merits of this literary curiosity have bee" greatly enhanpe^, 
The libraries of the seraglio are much inferior to some pf 
those, which are open |oi t)ie public. Qomipentaries, ex- 
planations', marginal notes, &c. op tjje Kojran, occupy the 
largesj;, portion ; to these succeed treatises on jurisprudence, 
also wjth cpmiaentaries and marginal, notes, philo?pp}}y, 

* It fs rather an extraordinary circ;imstancc that Professor Clarkp has 
•made no mention whatever of the libraries of tl^e Seraglio, though, he has 
given apicturesque accountof its interior. " " 

11 R 2 



612 CATALOGUES, ETG. OF 

logic, astronomy, arithmetic, medicine, and ethics." The 
historical works are few in number, and chiefly confined to 
the Ottoman Empire : there are some mahuscripts in the 
Greek, Latin, and other European languages ; but no traces 
are to be found of the lost decades of Livy, of the works of 
Homer or Tacitus, or of such parts as are wanting to com- 
plete the works of other antient authors. (Toderini, torn. ii. 
pp. 51, 53, et seq.) 

Beside the libraries of the seraglio, Constantinople possesses 
thirty-two public libraries, of various sizes, and all celebrated 
for the number and value of their MSS. Although this sec- 
tion has unavoidably exceeded the limits originally intended, 
yet as little comparatively is known relative to the libraries of 
Constantinople, the author is tempted to trespass on the 
reader's patience, and insert the following particulars. — The 
MSS. in the Turkish libraries are all neatly bound in red, 
green, or black morocco. The Mohammedans have a pe- 
culiar method of indorsing, placing and preserving their 
books. Each volume, besides being bound in morocco 
leather, is preserved from dust by a case of the same 
material ; on which, as well as on the edges of the leaves, 
the title is written in large and ' legible characters. The 
books are placed one upon another in presses, ornamented 
withglass or trelliswork,' and are disposed along the wall, or 
in the four corners of the library. All these libraries are 
open to the inspection of the public throughout the year," 
except on Tuesdays and Fridays ;' and the librarians are 
stated to be polite and attentive to those whom curiosity 
or love of study may attract thither.' Every .one is at 
hberty not merely to peruse, but to make extracts from 
the books, and even to transcribe them entirely, but only 
within the library; as the ' regulations ' of these establish^ 
ments do not admit of any volumes being lent out to 
read. 

In order to facilitate literary researches, each library is fur- 



FOREIGN PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 619 

nished with an exact catalogue, containing the title' and 
giving a short account of the subject of each volume. 
Theology (including the Koran and commentators thereon, 
. as well as the oral laws of the Prophet), jurisprudence, 
philosophy, metaphysics, medicine, ethics and history are 
the sciences chiefly cultivated by the followers of Mohami(ned. 
The books are all written with the greatest care, on the finest 
Vellum J the text of each page is enclosed in a highly orna- 
mented, and gilt frame-work ; the beginning of each chapter 
or section is splendidly illuminated with golden letters. 
Hence the value of the manuscripts is greatly enhanced; 
and their prices vary in proportion to the beauty of the 
characters. (D'Ohsson, torn. ii. pp. 488, 489. Toderini, tom. 
ii. p. 32, et seq. who have enumerated the principal public 
libraries attached to the imperial mosques.) 

XII. LIBRARIES OF NORTH AMERICA. 

Cambridge (New England). — Catalogus Bibliothecas 

Harvardianse, Cantabrigiae Nov.-Anglorum. Bostonias, 

1790, Svo. 

The library of Harvard College was begun soon after the In- 
stitution was founded; and in 1764 it consisted of about 5000 
volumes. In the winter of that year, the greater part of this 
library was destroyed by fire. By the donations of various 
benefactors, it was restored, and now comprizes between 13 
and 14,000 volumes. The books are classed alphabetically 
under various heads, which are also arranged in alphabetical 
ofder. A copy of this catalogue is in the library of the Surry 
Institution. 
Philadelphia. — Catalogue of Books belonging to the 

Library Company of Philadelphia; with their charter, 

laws, and regulations. Philadelphia, 1807, Svo. 

The foundation of this library was laid in the year 1731, by a 
number of subscribers who had formed a little capital of 

-^100 : in 1743 the association was incorporated by the name 



614 CATALOGUES, ETC. Of 

of the " Library Cofnpany of PhilSidaphia." This bstitii- 
tioni'being greatly encouraged by the friends of hteratur^ in 
Great Britain and America, has received numerous Valuable 
contributions ; &nd now, ih Conjunction with the Loganitin 
■ Library, forms the largest and best collectidn of books in the 
United Stktes. The whole amounts to about 1 5,000 vdluOies.. 
The Loganian Library was founded by the late Jiatnies Logan, 
and endowed with a salary for a librarian, &c. It chiefly 
consists of rare works in ckssical literature ; and in 1791 it 
was, by an Act of the American Legislature, ahnexM to the 
Philadelphia Public Library. A copy of the above noticed 
catatogue is iti the libraries of the Royal arrd London Instita- 
tions. 



SECTION ill. 
Catalogues of British Public Libraries. ' 

Catalogi Librorura manuscriptorum Angfiae et Jii- 
bei-niae, in unum collecti, (cum indice alphabeticb), 
edente Edwardo Bernardo. Oxonii, 1696, 97, 2 parls 
in one vol. folio. 

Though this catalogue (a copy of which is in the Royal and 
London Institutions) is attributed to Dr. Bernard, he had ra- 
■ ther the oversight than the drudgery of making it. The Tery 
. copious index prefixed to it was executed by him, with a 
learned preface : in this index he mentions a great number of 
valuable Greek MSS. then to be found in ourown as well as 
in several foreign libraries, in order to facilitate the researclies 
bflearneS men. 

Humphredi Wanleii librorum veterum septentrionar 
lium, qui in Anglise bibliothecis extant, necnon mi^Ito- 
rum veterum codiGum septentrionalium qui ; i^ Ai^K* 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 613 

bibliotiieoSis extatit, ntenon multbrum ^eterum ttodicutti 

Se^tfenMonalium, alibi cxtantiiim, catalogus historico- 

ctitlbus. Oxoniae, 17Q3, folio. 

This catalogue forms the third volume of Dr. Hickes's cele- 
brated Thesaurus Liuguarum veisrum stptentrionalivm, printed 
at Oxford in 3 vols, folio. Wanley was librarian to the two 
first Earls of Oxford, whose noble collection of MSS. was 
purchased for JCIO.OOO and is now deposited in the British 
Museum. See an account of them, infra, p. 616. Several 
anecdotes and extracts from Wanley' s Correspondence and 
Journals, occur in Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. i. p. 84, 
tl seq. 

j. 1. Libraries in London. 

I. BRITISH MUStuM. 

The Library of the British Museum is justly regarded as the 
first public library in the kingdom, whether We Considfer the 
number, i-arity. Or value of Ihfe MSS. aftd printed books. It 
comprises the great Sloanian, Harleian> Cottonian, Royal, and 
Lansdowtle CoUectioins, together with those of Major Editards, 
Dr. Birch,'the late Mr. Tytwhitt, Sir William Miisgrk^'e, aiid 
particularly of the late Rev. C. M* Cracherodiejiv'hcwehbraryis 
particularly rich in early fprinted books and rare editiidns bf 
the Classics. Besrde thesej numerous <purchases and valuable 
donations have from time to time been made;— ^thfe natural cb- 
Tiosities, minbrai collections, atitiquities, coins, &%. pr'eserved 
in this national repository, it is foi%igtt to our plati to die^cribe. 

The Reading-Room of the Museum is open from bew till 
four evfery day, except on Saturdays and Sundays^ and for one 
week at Christmas, Easter, and Whitsuntide ; also on (fcanire- 
givin'g and fast days. Persons desirous of admission, are to 
send in their applications in writing (specifying their christian 
and snraamies, rank, or profession, and places of abode) to the 
priticipal librarian^ with a recommendation from some'p^ltoD 



616 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

of known and approved character. Permissions are in gene-* 
ral granted by the trustees for three, and none for a longer term 
than six months ; and at the expiration of each term, fresh ap- 
plication is to be made for a renewal. Individuals thus having 
access to the library are readily supplied with whatevet- books 
or MSS. they ihay desire to consult : and £he intentions of the 
trustees, that, as fai- as is Consistent with the seciirity of their 
important charge, every facility be afforded to those who wish 
to avail thethselves of this part of tlie establishment, are ful- 
filled <*ith promptness atid fidelity. 

The follolving articles describe the various catalogues of this 
tflatchless collection of books and MSS. 

1. Harleian Library. — A Catalogue of the Harleiart 
Manuscripts in the British Museum i with Indexes of' 
persons, places, and matters* London, 1808 — 12, * 
Vols, folio. 

This collection of MSS. was commenced towards the close of 
the 17th century, by Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford, 
and on his decease was continued by his son and successor in 
the title, at an immense expense. The progress and more im-" 
portant articles of this collection being stated in the prefaces 
to the first Volume of the catalogue, it only remains to add 
that parliament voted e£10,000 for purchasing the Harleian 
MSS. fdr the public benefit ; they form 7639 vblumes in every 
department of literature, and those are particularly impor- 
tant which illustrate our national history and antiquities. 
The catalogue was begun in 1708, by the learned Humfrey 
Wanley, who was librarian to Robert and Edward, succes- 
sively earls of Oxford : and on his death in 1726, after an.iiv 
terval of some years, it was resumed by Mr* Casley, conti^iued 
by Mr. Hockley, and completed by the succeeding librarians' 
of the British Museum. This catalogue was published !»■ 
1759/ in 3 vols, folio, and an Index (compiled by the late 
Mr. Astle) in 1763, with a fine portrait of the founder of the 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 617 

- library. The edition of the catalogue above noticed has re- 
ceived numerous very valuable additions and corrections, 
from the Rev. Robert Nares> and Messrs. Douce and Plaftta. 
It is a noble monument of British literature. . The fourth vo- 
lume, besides Indexes of persons, places^ and matters, contains 
a catalogue of the MSS. syste.matically classed by the author 
of this work. 

2. Cottonian Library. — A Catalogue of the Manu- 
scripts in the Cottonian Library, with a prefatory ac- 
count by J. Planta, and an alphabetical Index. London, 
1802, folio. ■ 

This catalogue, as ivell as the preceding. Was printed under the 
direction of the Commissioners of the Public Records of the 
realm. Two catalogues of the Cotton Library were previoiisly 
published: \. Catalogus Librorum Bibliotlteck Cottoniance. 
Oxon. 1696, folio : this has a life of Sir Robert Cotton, by the 
editor. Dr. Smith, together .with a history and synopsis of his 
library. 2. A Catalogae of the Manuscripts in the Cottoniim 
Library. London, 1777, 8vo. This is frequently' called Hoop- 
er's Catalogue, from the publisher's name : it was executed 
by the late Mr. Aslle, and was designed to supply the deficien- 
cies of the former catalogue, of which it contains numerous 
emendations and additions. Both these are now rendered su- 
perfluous by the elaborate publication of Mr- Planta ; whose 
preface presents some interesting particulars relative to the life 
of the founder, and the formation, contents, &c. of the Cot- 
nian MSS. These originally consisted of 968 volumes, and 

, after several removals were deported in a house at Westmin- 
ster ; where many of them were destroyed, and more da- 
maged, by an unfortunate fire in 1731, which reduced their 
number to 861. After this accident, they were removed to 
the Dormitory at Westtninster, and in 1753 were finally de- 
posited in the British Museum. Of 185 damaged MSS. 51 
have been restored by tjie persevering diligence of Mr. Planta; 



618 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

the remainder are irretrievably lost. His catklogue coiii- 
priSes about 26,000 articles, in which the dates and ages, &c. 
of the MSS. are ascertained as nearly as possible, together 
with the form of the volume, and the material oh which it is 
■written. Some interesting particulars of Sir Robert Cotton 
occur in the BiblkfmaniOi^-p. 351 — 354. 

3. T%e Kin^s Library. — A Catalogue of the MSS. 
of the King's Library, l^y David Casl^y. Ldn^bn, 
1?34> 4to. 

This noble collection of books and MSS. known by the appel- 
lation of the King's Library, was munificently conferred on 
the British Museum by his late majesty King George IL It 
comprises the whole of the very choice and iitiportant library 
of printed books, and MSS. which had been gradually col- 
lected by the sovereigns of these realms, itixa Henry VII. 
down to Williamlll.j since whose time it has continued an- 
nually increasihg. At the time of the royal donation this 
library consisted' of about 2000 MSS. and upwards of 9000 
printed books : beside the^books immediitely collected by the 
sovereigns, and principally by Henry VIII. (from the oppor- 
tunities which offired at the dissolution of the mortaiteries) it 
comprises the libraries of archbishop Cranmer, Henry Fitz- 
Alan earl of Arundd, and his feon-in-law Richard Lotd Lutn- 
ley, of sir Johri Morris, and partioalar'ly of Isaac Gasaubon ; 
some of the volumes in the latter deriving cbnsiderable vedue 
from the MS. notes of the learned proprietor. This libriary 
also contains, anlong other most valuabk articles, the venerable 
Alexandrian Codex of the Bible, several splendid MSS. chiefly 
biblical, and chronitiles j and amotlg the piinted books are 
abundance of old and rare editions, matay of them being pre- 
sentation copies froin their respective authors. Beside the 
catalogue of MSS. in the King's Library, Mr. Casley has, 
m the above noticed volume, given an account ttf the damage 
sustained by the Cottonian Library, by fire, and 150 speci- 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 619 

mens of the manner of writitig ifi diflei-fcnt ages', from the 
iSth to the 15th century; Oii 16 plaieS; his preface contains 
some useful observations on MSS. 

_:4<. JLansdowne MSS. — A Catalogue of the Lansdowne 
Manuscripts in the British Museum^ "With Indexes of 
persons, places, and matters. Part I. containing the 
Burghley Papers* London, 1812, fol. 

Also printed under the direction of the Commissioners of the 
Public Records. These MSS. were purchased in ISttT, of 
the late Marquis of Lansdowne's executors, for £492^, which 
sum was munificently granted 1^ parliament for that purpose. 
The first division contains the Burghley Papers j the second, 
the papers and correspondence of Sir Julius. Caesar, succes- 
sively Judge of the Admiralty, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
and Master of the Rolls, in the reigns of Elizabeth, James I., 
and Charles I. The third division of these MSS. is the largest, 
and comprehends many valuable works upon various subjects, 
historical, political, judicial^, and topographical. The merit of 

: the Lansdowne Collection, hke that of the Cottonian Library, 
consists chiefly ■ of original and authentic d^ocuments re- 
lating to the history of England, particularly during the 
reigns of the; Tudors. These, together with the miscellaneous 
collections, jointly afford a mine of curious and valuable 
matter to the historian and the antiquary. The remainder 
of this catalogue is preparing for publication under the care 
-of the Rev. H. H. Baber* 

/ 6. Slodnian and Ofh&MSS. — A C^atalo^e of the MSS. 
preserved in the British Museum, hitherto undescribed. 

By Samuel Ayscough, Clerk. London, 1*782, 2 vols. 
4to^ 

The MSS. herfe deksribed al-e, L The Slaanihn MSS., comist' 

Big of 4100 voltimes, principally on physic, natural hifatoiy, 

-. and natural ^Hil«itophy : this cpllecfion also coimprises Ksemp- 



620 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

fer's MSS. several Journals of voyages, and some oriental 
MSS. 2. Dr. Birch's collection of MSS. bequeathed to Hie 
British Museum, amounting to 337 volumes, chiefly on his- 
tory, biographj', divinity, and literature. 3. Icelandic, Orien- 
tal, and other MSS. presented to or acquired by the British 
Musetim. The catalogiie is methodically arranged, with two 
copious indexes : of the numerous and valuable ' articles it 
describes, our limits forbid any detail : the classes of alche- 
my, judicial astrology, magic, and witchcraft, may however 
be mentioned, as containing a great number of very curiouB 
treatises. 

6. Printed Booh. — Librorum Ittipressorum, qui in 
Museo Britannico adservantur, Catalogus. Londmi, 
181% Tomi. I. Ul.Svo. 

A folio catalogue of the printed bo6ks wis printed in VUSt, in 
3 vols, folio : a new edition having become necessary, froim 
the numerous and important acquisitions made by bequest 
and purchase, the present edition was commenced by Mr. 
Ellis and the Rev. H. H. Baber. The books are arranged 
alphabetically : vol. I. includes the letters A. B. and vol. III. 
G. to K. inclusive. This catalogue will probably form seven 
or eight large 8vo volumes. The printed books irr this col- 
lection comprise almost every thing that is rate arid valuable 
in the various departments of literatmre. Among theSe may 
be noticed, 1 . 84 vols, of arttient classics, which had been in 
the possession of the celebrated Dr. Bentley, and contain a 
great number of his truly learned illustrations and remarks, 
particularly his copy of Aristophanes ; these books were 
purchased in 1807 for ^400. 2. The Cracherodean collec- 
tion, rich in early printed books, and classical literature, 
bequeathed by the Rev. C. M. Cracherode, a gentlemati 
equally eminent for knowledge, taste, and urbanity. 3. The 
books (chiefly Classics). that were not before in the British 
Museum, and which were also bequeathed by those dis- 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 621 

tmguished scholars, M. Tyrwhitt, and sir.Wm. Musgrave, 
Bart. &c. &c. 
Beside the valuable collections noticed in the preceding cata- 
logues, the British Museum has been enriched by numerous 
accessions of valuable books and MSS. acquired by donation 
and purchase. Among these is particularly worthy of notice, 
1. the King's cpllectign of pamphlets and periodical papers, 
published in the convulsive interval between the years 1640 
and 1660 : after having passed through the hands of various 
persons, some of whom were at times obliged to secrete it 
with uncommon care and circumspection, it was at length 
ofiFered for sale in 1762 ; when his present Majesty, being 
apprized of the circumstance, immediately ordered the same 
to be purchased, and deposited in the British Museum. The 
collection consists of upwards of '30,000 articles, bound in 
about 2,000 vols. : most of the tracts are now become un- 
commonly scarce, and many of them are prbbably unique. 
An interesting account of these pamphlets is given by Mr. 
Beloe, Anecd. of Lit. vol. II., pp. 248—256. 2. Mr. Hai- 
led' s oriental MSS. purchased in 1796. They form 93 vAls. 
14 of which are in the Sanscrit language, and the rest are 
chiefly Persian: to these have been added other orient^ 
MSS. of colonels Hamilton and Poliar, '&c. 3. A large col- 
lection of Icelandic MSS. and books presented by Sir Joseph 
Banks, one of the trustees of the British Museum. To these 
may be added the MSS. of Francis Hargrave, Esq. which 
treat on almost every subject connected with our law and 
constitution. Many of them are of very great value : thp 
whole was lately purchased, under the authority of parliament, 
for dfSOOO. Other collections might be named would our 
limits allow of the detail : the preceding notices however will 
serve to convey some idea of the immense stores "of literature 
4eppsited in this national repository. f 

II. OTHER PUBLIC LJBKARIES IN LONDON. 

h The Ttxydl Sodeify.— Bibliotheca' Norfplciana : sive 
8 



622 CATALOGUES, ETC. Of 

catalogus librorum, manuscriptorum et impressorum, 
in omni arte .et lingua, quos Henricus dux Norfola^, 
regisE societati Londinensi pro scientiS, naturali pro--- 
movenda donavit (ordine alphabetico dispositns). Lon- 
dini, 1681, ito. 

The ArundeV library was one of the most valuable coHectioi^s 
of the time ; and comprised part of the celebrated Buda col- 
lection (of which see a notice, p. 595, supra). It was obtained 
for the Royal Society by the influence of the justly celebrated 
John Evelyn with lord Henry Howard. (Manning and Bray's 
History of Surry, vol. 11. p. 152.) No further catalogue 
has been published, excepting that the titles of books, pre- 
sented to the Society, are insetted at the end of the later vols, 
of their Philosophical Transactions. In 1763, an account 
was drawn up by Dr. Ducarel (one of a committee for that 
purpose) of the MSS. in the Norfolk library, amounting to 
^63, including 45 then first catalogued: (Nichols, Lit. An- 
vol. yi. p, 390) ; but no particulars of them have been 
pointed, excepting a short notice of 12 MSS. by the late 
Mr. Dryander, the Society's librarian. From this, we learn 
that the Royal Society's library is a repository, chi^y <^f 
books of science and general literature, which may be con- 
sulted by all the fellows in the library, who are also allpitf ed 
to borrow them, under the regulations prescribed by tl}c- 
statutes. " Nor have the council of the Royal Society refused, 
at any time that is remembered, to lend bgoks or MSS-.tp 
learned men, not belonging to their corporation, Fbo }^yp 
had occasion to borrow them." pirst Rep. on the Public 
Records, p. 385. The above noticed catalogue of the Roy^l 
Society is in the British Museum. 

2. Swn College.— Catalogus Universalis Librorum om- 
nium in bibliothecS. Sionii apud Londinenses, una cum 
elencho interpretum SS. Smpturae, casuistarum, theo- 
logorum, sciiola^ticoruin, 8fc. omnia per J. S. Bibliothe- 

7 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIJIS. 62? 

carium ordine alphaibetico disposita. Londini, 1650, 
4to. 

Sion College library was founded by John Simpson, executor 
of Dr. White, (founder of the college,) for the benefit of the 
cleirgy of the city of London, all of whom are fellows of it. 
As this catalogue was published before the fire of London in 
1666, it contains some books that were afterwrards (^oqsumed, 
and therefore are not described in the following catalogue. 
(Dibd. Bibl. p. j(37.) 
Bibliotheca cleri Londinensis in CoUegip Slonensi 

Catalogus. Accedit historia collegii et bibliothecae Sio- 

nensisj Anglice scripta, curi Guil. Reading. Londini, 

1724, folio. 

This well arranged catalogue is in two parts, 1. Systematical, 
and 2. Alphabetical. 

3. College of PJiysicians. — Bibliothecaj Collegii R&- 
galis Medicorum Londinensis Catalogus. Londii?i» 
1757, royal 8vo. 

This library was founded by the Marquis of Dorchester in the 
year 16 . . ; and has been considerably augmented by subse- 
quent donations, as might be expected, from the learned body 
who possess it. This collection consists chiefly of books 
treating on medicine and on natural philosophy in all it& 
branches. No continuation of it has been published. 

4. Middle Temple. — Catalogus LibrOrum Bibli- 
othecae Hon. Societatis Medii Templi. Londini, 1^4, 
4to. 

This catalogue is alphabetically arranged : no continuation has 
been published, though the library must, since that time, 
have received numerous valuable additions. In this collec- 
tion are 37 vols, of MSS: chiefly parliiamentary and juridical. 
See an account of them in the First Report on the Public 
Eecwrds, p. 375, Tfeer^ was a former catalag«e. of this 



624 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

library.printed in If 00, 8vo. under the direction and at the 

expense of Sir Bartholomew Shower. A copy of it is in the 

^British Museum. 

. 5. Inner Temple.-'— K catalogue of the printed books 
and manuscripts in the library of the Inner Temple, 
London, 1806, royal 8vo. 

These books (chiefly on juridical subjects) are alphabetically 
arranged, with reference to the presses and shelves, in which 
they are deposited. The manuscripts in the library of the 
Inner Temple are more than 400 in number; many of them 
are on subjects of divinity, general history, &c. &c. others 
are antient MSS. of English historians, and the remainder 
treat on parliamentary matters, statute and common law, 
and op ecclesiastical matters, or are copies and extracts from 
records, repertories to other repositories, and miscellaneous.' 
These MSS. were originally in part collected and partly 
composed by Wm. Petyt, Esq. a learned antiqiiarian of the 
17th century, and keeper of the records in the Tower ; who 
, bequeathed them to the Hon. Society of the Inner Temple. 
The MSS. are in good preservation and easily accessible. 
Particulars of their contents are inserted in the Report above 
referred to, pp. 375 — 378, which also contains an account 
of the MSS. relative to our national history and jurispru- 
dence, in Lincoln's Inn library,' (pp. 378 — 384,) and in 
the libraries of other public bodies, of whose contents, 
whether printt;d or MSS. no catalogues are extant. The 
library of Lincoln's Inn comprises the valuable collections of 
that eminently upriight judge, Sir Matthew Hale. 

6. Library of the Hon. East India Company. -^A. de^ 
scripfive catalogue of the oriental library of the lat? 
Tippoo Sultan of Mysore. By Charles Stewart, Esq, 
Cambridge and London, 1809, 4to. 

A most curious collection, and ably described by Professor 
Stewart, who has prefixed some interesting memoirs of 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 635 

Hyder Ali Khan, and his son Tippoo Sultan, The books here 
described are deposited in the library of the Hon. E. I. 
Company, at their house in Leadeijhall-streel : it is very 
liberally opened to the public inspection every day, except 
Sundays and certain festivals. 

7. Red Cross-street, Protestant Dissenter's Library.—^ 
Bibliothecse, quam vir doctus et admodum reverendus 
Daniel Williaips, S. T. P. bono publico legarit <^t8- 
logus. Editto secunda, Londini, 1801, 8vo. 

This library was founded in pursuance of the will of Dr. 
Williams, (an eminent protestant dissenting minister of the 
17th century,) who died in the year 1716. With a view to 
the forfnatiep pf ^ public hbr^, he bad purchased, in- his 
lifetime, the valuable colle^ti^on o^ Dr. Bates, to which he 
directed, by his will, that hjs own should be added. Of 
these a catalogue was printed, in one volume, Svp, ip 1727, 
some considerable time before a public library was opened; 
and the catalogue was pubUshed .previoudy to the opening of 
the library, as ithe. preface informs us, in order to induce 
other munificent and public-spirited persons, and lovers of 
literature, to contribute to its^ augmentation. Considerate 
donations to this library hwe accordingly been made from 
time to time; the whole are given in the present catalogue, 
ftlfduibeticallj/, according to languages. The library is open 
from ten o'^clodt in the forenoon, till three in the afternoon, 
on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, in every 
week throughout the year, except Christmas and Whitsun- 
tide weeks, and the month of August; when the librarian is 
constantly in attendance. Trustees however have access to 
tije library whenever they think proper. All persons are ad- 
mitted during the appointed hours, on producing to the 
librarian a written order from one of the trustees, specrfying 
their names, places of albode, and prc^r additions. This 
library is conducted witii great liberality to the public : it 

S S 



626 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

contains some curious MSS. and portraits, and many rare 
articles among the printed books. 

8. Lonion Medical Society, — Catalogue of the Library 
of tiie Medical Society of London, instituted A.D. 1773. 
London, 1803, 8vo. 

A good collection of antient and modern books (alphabeti- 
cally arranged) : a few years since it received a valuable addi-. 
tion of more than six thousand volumes from Dr. James 
Sims's choice library. Members of the society have access 
to it, on Mondays from 13 till 7 o'clock in the evening, and 
on Wednesdays and Fridays from 13 till 6, for receiving, 
returning or consulting books. 

9. Royal Institution.^— A. Catalogue of the Library 
of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, methodically 
arranged, with an alphabetical index of authors, by 
Wm. Harris. London, 1809, 8vo. 

Of this catalogue fifty copies only were printed on large 
paper, which are both scarce and dear. The library of the 
Boyal Institution was founded by the liberality of a few- 
noblemen and gentlemen for the immediate use of the sub- 
scribers to that establishment, and it may be said for that of 
the public at large ; as any person, on the recommendation 
of a patron, may always have access to it. This library con- 
tains the best and most useful edition of every Greek and 
Boman classic author, with the best translations in English, 
and some in other modern languages. The class of maihe- 
inatical science in all its branches is very full, with the best 
scientific journals and transactions of learned and philosophi- 
cal societies. The historical class {particularly the English) 
in its various divisions and subdivisions is very interesting, the 
managers having at the formation of the library, procured 
the entire collection of the late Mr. Astle, which library was 
chiefly collected by the Rev, Philip Morant, author of the 
8 



BRIf TSH PtJBLIC LIBRAREES. 627^ 

llistoty of Essex, with whose MS. notes many of the books 
are enriched, particularly those relating to Bibg^raphyi 
(Pref. pp. V, vi.) The usual classification has been generally 
followed, with a few exceptions, in some of the classics. 
The library, is pperi daily, from 12 till 4 o'clock.-, .- ';, 
■ 10. London Institution. — A Catalogue of the Library . 
of the London Institution. Xiondon, 1813, Syu. 
The Ijoojcs are alphabetically arranged : the topographical 
part is classed under the names of the counties, and is per- 
haps the richest collection of county history in the king- 
iiom. It was purchased chiefly from the late Marquis qf 
Lansdowne's library. The library of the London Institution 
was commenced under the direction of the eminently learned 
jrofessor Porson : next to topography, the departments of 
-glussical, literature,, mathematiqs, and history are most nu- 
merous. To its ample bibliographical stores our pages bear 
frequent testimony : there are few wprks absolutely necessary 
to be consulted by tlje bibliographical student, but may be- 
found in this truly valuable cdllection. This library is open 
daily from ten in the forenoon till eleven at night, Saturdays 
excepted, when it closes at three. 

1 1. Surry Institution. — A Catalogue of the Library of 
the Surry Institution. London, 1812, 8vo. 

Though less iiumerous than either of the two preceding estal)-^ 
lishments, the library of the Surry Institution presents a choice 
ieoUection of the most useful books in the difl^rent depart- 
ments of literature, together with some rare and curious 
\?p?ks. The catalogue is systematically arranged, (ihieflyjon 
the principles above- developed , (pp. . 358-rr400), y\\^ an, 
?ilghqbetical index of ?iuthors. It is open daily, from 9 in th^^, 
tnorriing till lO at night, Saturdays excepted, when itcloses^^ 
at three. 

12. Russell Institution, — A Catalogue of the Library 
of the Russell Institution. London, 1814, 8vo. 

ss 2 



6S8 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

This catalogue is alphabetically arranged, and comprises « 
good collection, chiefly of raod«?rn books. 

§ 2. Other PMIq Libraries in England. 

Oxford. — I. Catalogue universalis Librorum in Bib- 
Irotheca Bodleiana. Accessit Appendix librorum recen* 
allatorum. Qxoniit 4to. 1635. 

This catalogue is appropriated to MSS. and was prepared ty 
Dr. Thomas James, the editor of Richard de Bury's Philo- 
biblion : the first edition appeared in 1605, thfc second in 
1620, and the third in 1635, with very considei-able •addi- 
tions. More copious information relative to the Oxford MSS. 
may be derived from the Gat MSS. Anglise, noticed p. 614, 
supra. A list of such MSS. in the Bodleian lilmiTy, as relate 
to our national bi^tory, is given in the First Report on Publk 
Records, pp. 348 — 454. 

2. Catalogus librorum impressorum bibliothecae Bod- 
leianse a Tho. Hyde. Oxonii, 1674j folio. 
This is the first catalogue of the printed books in the Bodleian 

library : it is alphabetically arranged, but is now superseded 

by the following more copious work. 

S. Catalogus librorum impressorum bibliothecae Bod* 
leianse, in Academia Oxoniensi. Qxonii, 1734, 2 vols, 
folio. 

This catalogue also is alphabetical : it was contpUed by MessvSk 
£onles, Fisher, and Langford. 

4. 'Notitia Editionum quoad Libros Hebr. <Jr. eft Lflt^ 
quae vel primarise, vel. seecul. xv impressae, vel Aldinae, 
in Bibliotheca Bodleiana adservantur. Oxonii, lIQSf 
8vo. 

This valuable Notitia is ascribed to the late Bishop of London 
l^Dr. Randolph) andtheHev.Dr. Wm, Jackson: iti» enriched 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 639 

with references to the works of eminent bibliographers. The 
articles indicated are of the greatest rarityi 

3. Catalogus, sive Notitia manuscriptorum, qui a ceL 
E. D. Clarke comparati in BibllothecS Bodleianfi adser- 
vantur. Pars prior. Oxohii, 1812, 4to. 

The MSS. described in this part are 50 in number : they form 
part of the collection purchased by Professor Clarke, in his 
travels through various parts of Europe and Asia, They 
consist principally of biblical and ecclesiastical MSS. vrith 
some few of the classic authors. In describing them, the 
editor, (the Rev. T. GaisfordJ has indicated not only titles, 
the form of the volume, number of leaves, and the material 
on which it is written ; but has also very frequently inserted 
the first and last words of the different treatises, in thie same 
manner as Lambecius, Montfaucon, and Bandini, have done 
in their catalogues of MSS. In the course of the volume 
are introduced some hitherto inedited scholia on Plato and on 
the poems of Gregory Nazianzen. A complete catalogue 
of the rich stores of literature contained in the Bodleian li- 
brary is yet a desideratum ! Some particulars of it, and of 
its illustrious founder, may be seen in Mr. Dibdin's Biblio- 
mania, pp. 354, 363, 365, and in the Bipgr. Brit. vol. ii. art. 
Bodley. 
6. A catalogue of Antony a Wood's MSS. in the 

Ashmolean ^luseom. By W. Huddesford. Oxon, 

1761, 8vo. 

This catalogue is not of very frequent occurrence : a copy is in 
the library of the Royal Institution. — Of the entire library and 
museum of curiosities, bequeathed to the University of Ox- 
ford, by the celebrated antiquary, Elias Ashmole, no cata- 
logue has yet been published ; the MSS. are noticed in Cat. 
MSS. Angliae, mentioned in p. 614 supra. Mr, Dibdin has 
inserted a few curious anecdotes respecting him (Biblipna. 
pp. 385—389.) 



630 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Cambridge. — 1. Public Z/j5rari^.-^Bibliothecae cahta>- 
brigiensis ordinandae methodus quaedanij qaam domino 
procancellario senatuique Academico considerandam et 
perficiendam proponit Conyers Middleton. (In his Mi,s»r 
cellaneous Works, vol. III. pp. 475; — 502, 4to). 

This disquisition consists of two parts; in the first (which is 
illustrated with an engraved diagram,) Dr. Middleton pro- 
poses his method of arranging the books in the public library 
of Cambridge : in the second be states the order according 
to which the books should be disposed in a catalogue. This 
order comprises the eight following classes: viz. 1. Theology, 
including what is ordinarily classed under that faculty, except- 
ing that the canon and papal law is connected with councils, 
and that sacred and ecclesiastical history are detached from 

• the general class of history. 2. Profane History, including 

■ chronology, universal and civil history, antient and modern, 
antiquities, mythology, genealogy, heraldry, and geography. 
3. Civil Law of Greece and Rome. 4. PAzVosop/jy strictly 
so called. 5. iT/ai/«e??!a«jc4v pure and mixed. 6. Nattcral His- 
tory, animal, vegetable, and mineral. 7. Medicine, including 
chemistry, anatomy, surgery, and the treatment of diseases. 
8. Polite Literature, (Literse Humaniores,) which includes 
all that is usually found under the class of Belles Lettres. ■ 

Among the MSS. this library is known to contain, are,— rthe 
celebrated MS. of the four Gospels and,Acts of the Apostles, 
known by the name of the Codex Bezce, and given to the 
University by that illustrious reformer : it is executed on vel- 
lum, in Greek and Latin capitals, and is supposed to be one 
of the oldest MSS. extant ;- — Magna Ghana, on vellum ;^— se- 
veral very valuable MSS. purchased at the sale of Dr. Askew's 
collection ;— several curious Syrian MSS. presented by the 
Rev. Dr. !6uchanan (accounts of which may be seen in the 
Christian Observer for ISIO, by Mr. Yeates, who in 1812 
published a collation of the Pentateuch with them ;) — a MS. 



BRITISH-. PUBLIC LIBRARIJES. 631 

^written on papyni^,, with an antient stylus ;— a Koran, on 
colton paper, superbly execute^. The printeii books com- 
prise a fine ^eries of editiones principes of ithe classics, and a 
very .considerable ptirtion of the p^'o^uptions of Caxton's press. 
The most important acquisition to this library was the dona» 
tion by King George I. of the collection which had belonged 
to Dr. More, bishop of Ely,, amounting to 3p,000 volumes, 
which were munificently purchased by his majesty for 6000 
guineas : who further gave J'2000 towards fitting up the 
apartments destined for their reception. Bishop More's col- 
. lection issingularly rich in the .productions of our early Eng- 
lish printers: it was .first offered to the earl of Oxford for 
.£6000, and on his refusal was purchased and presented as 
above-mentioned. It is with concern we add, that no cata- 
logue of the Utjiversity Library has yet been printed: il is 
supposed to contain about 96,000 volumes. 

2. Catherine Hall. — Catalogus Librorum in Biblio- 
theca AulsB Divae Catharitiae, Cantabrigiae. Excudebat 
J: Archdeacon, Acaderaiae tyiJOgraphus. 1771, 4to. 

A Latin inscription at the end of this volume, indicates it to 
have been edited by Charles Prescot, M.A, This catalogue 
was executed solely for the use of the fellows and students of 
Catherine Hall ; and contains some valuable books. Bishop 
Sherlock bequeathed his valuable library to this college, and 
gave a salary of c£20 per annum to the librarian. 

Birminghctm. — Gatalogiie of the books belonging to 
the Birmingham Library. Birmingham, 1807, 8vo. 

Canierbury. — A Catalogue of the Archiepiscopal Ma- 
nuscripts in the Library at Lambeth Palace. With an 
accomit of the Archiepiscopal iRegisters, and other. 
Records there preserved. London, folio, 1812. 
Of this beautifully printed volume one hundred copies were 
executed on common, and fit'e copies on fine paper, at the 



633 CATALOGtteS, ETC/ OF 

expense of his Grace the AriihbSshbp of Cafiterbui'y, With 
the munificent design of rendering the valuable contents of 
the Archiepiscopal library of MSS. more extensively knoWn. 
The catalogue is ably compiled by the KeV. H. J. Todd, 
keeper of the Archiepiscopal MSS. and Records. 
The catalogue now under notice Contains an account of '1321 
articles, which are arranged under the foUbfrihg gitietSl 
heads : 

1. Codices Lamhethani : Those of Lambeth, giVtn by sevefal 
archbishops; numbered 1 — 576. The old numerical arrange- 
ment of the MSS. according to which they are frequently 
referred to or cited in various j^ublications, especially of mo- 
dern times, has not been disturbed'. 

2. Codices Whartordanl : Those of Henry Wharton, purchased 
by Archbishop Tenison ; they are numbered 577 — 595. 

3. Codices Carewiani : Those formerly belonging to George, 
Lot"d Care w. Earl of Totness j also purchased by Archbishop 
Tenison. They consist of forty-two volumes in folio and 
quarto, .and relate principally to Irish history in the time' of 
Queen Elizabeth ; but contain some circumstances of elder 
times, particularly of the conquest of Ireland. They are 
numbered 596—638. ^ 

4. Codices Tenisoniani : Those collected and given by the same 
Archbi&hop, exclusive of the few, which, although within the 
numerical arrangement of this division, belong to the class 
of records. They are numbered 639 — 928. 

5. Codices Gibsoniani : Many of the papers, contained in this 
valuable collection, formerly belonged to Archbishop Tenison, 
who gave them to his librarian and chaplain, Edmund Gib- 
son, afterwards of London, by whose direction they were 
deposited in this library. No. 92d — 943, 

6. Codicis Miscellanei : those giveh by various benefactors. 
Numbered 943—1174. 

7. Codices Manners- Suttoniani : Those purchased and given 
by the present Archbishop. They are numbered 1175 — 



BRITISH i>tJBLIC tIBRARIES. 63$ 

1291, and are principally the collection of MSS. of the New 
Testament, entire and in parts, brought from Syria, Con- 
stantinople and the oriental islands by the late Professor Car- 
lyle. The re^t have been presented to his Grace, or have been 
obtained from the sales of the Sebright and other MSS. by 
the present litrariarl, Mr. Todd. 

Of the value and variety of MSS. contained in this noble li- 
brary, it is impossible to give any detail in the present 
necessarily limited notice. It must suffice to state that the 
archiepiscopal library is rich indeed in biblical MSS. in those 
containing the works of the fathers, liturgical books, and mis- 
sals. Some rare classics are also to be found, aiid vatiotfs MSS. 
illustrating British and foreign history and antiquities. To the 
lovers of our early £ngUsh hterature the Poems in this collec- 
tion present an abundant feast, while the admirers of the Arts 
and Sciences will find several curious articles. Some printed 
books and tracts of rarity occur in this catalogue, either in 
consequence of the donors' wish of request that they should 
be deposited in the hbrary of MSS., or because they are dis- 
tinguished by MS. notes. The catalogue of the Archiepis- 
copal library is illustrated by two engravings ; 1. A fac-simile 
of the first leaf of Aldhelmus de Virginitate, a MS. of the 
eighth century, and presenting the oldest specimen of art ill 
the collection ; and 3. Correct representations of the texts of 
several eminent MSS. The volume terminates with a copious 
and accurate index. 

The printed books, belonging to the Archiepiscopal library, are 
deposited in the fine galleries over the cloisters of the palace. 
They amount to at least 25,000 volumes, and among them 
are many of extreme rarity, and of great beauty. This li- 
brary was founded by Archbishop Bancroft in 16l0 : though 
it suffered greatly from the enemies of learning and of loyally 
during the rebellion, it has in later times been Very materially 
barged by the donations of Archbishops Sheldon, Tetiison, 
and Seeker, the latter of whom had a very valuable Cdllec<Son, 



634 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

out of which he bequeathed to his successors, all such books 
as were not already in the Lambeth library (Ducarel's Hist, 
of Lambeth Palace, pp. 53, 54). During the primacy of 
the present Archbishop, very important additions have been 
made, particularly of bibles, the curious collection of which 
his Grace has very considerably augmented. Copies of the 
catalogue of the Lambeth JVISS. are in the British Museum 
and in the library of the Royal Institution. We terminate 
this article (whose importance must apologize for its length) 
by stating the very liberal regulations under which his Grace 
permits access to bis library, and examination of the treasures 
contained in it. 

" In order to accommodate tliose whose object is to obtain evi- 
dence respecting tithes, glebe-lands, manors, and the like, the 
librarian, having received the previous and usual notice of a few 
days, attends the inquirer: and the separate catalogues, which 
are those of the ArcMepiscopal Registers, of the Parliamentary 
Surveys of Benefices, of the Curtce Miscellanea, of the Endow- 
»iejii« of Vicarages, and of the Nodtia Parochialis, maybe 
inspected. From any of these records and papers, transcripts 
at a reasonable period are also made : and for examinations of 
this kind there are accustomed fees, which belong to the li- 
brarian in his capacity as keeper of the records. In regard 
to Literary Inquiries, the Archbishop expects a notification, 
from him w,ho is desirous on such account to explore these 
treasures, of the object which he has in view : and then, if 
the notification be approved, the librarian is directed to 
make such arrangement w'ith the party as may suit mutual 
convenience. In examinations of this description no expense 
is incui^red" (Pref. to Cat. of Lamb. MSS. p. x.) 
, Canterbury. — Catalogue of the MSS. in the [Cathe- 

di-al] Church L,ibrary, By the Rev. H. J. Todd, M.A. 

This catalogue is added to Mr. T.'s interesting Account qf </«: 
Deans of Canterbury, 17&3, 8vo. Some of the MSS. are 
very curious. 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 63Si 

; Liverpool. — Catalogue of the Library of the Athenaeum 

in Liverpool. Liyerp. 1802, 8vo. 

Manchester, — Bibliotheca Chethamensis : sive Biblio- 

thecae publicse Mancuniensis ab Humfre^do Chetham 

armigero fundatae catalogus, exhibens libros in varias 

classes pro varietate argumenti distributes. Edidit 

Joannes Radcliffe, bibliothecae supradictse custos. Man- 

curiii, 1791, 2 tomis, Svo. 

This library was founded and richly endowed by Mr. Hum- 
phrey Cheetham, who died in 1653, and who directed his 
trustees to purchase for the use of the library, and the resi- 
dence of forty poor boys, for whose education and tnain- 
tenance he also provided, the old college, which was originally 
built, in the reign of Henry V., for the warclen and fellows of 
the adjoining collegiate church, at tUe expense of Thomas, 

. liordde la Ware. The college was accordingly purchasled, 
and the trustees of this noble charity were incorporated by a 
charter, granted by Charles II. in 1665 ; and no labour or 
expense seems to have been spared to answer the beneficent 

" purposes of the founder. The property, wh'ich was left by 
him for the use and augmentation of the library, arid for the 

' board, ■ &c. of the librarian, amounts, at present, to nearly 
,£700 per anntim. The catalogue is ably executed by the 
late librarian the Rev. John Radcliffe : the purchaser should 

■ see thatit possesses aii elegant engraving of the founder'by 
Heath. Donations have been made from time to time j so 
that the collection at present amounts to about eighteen 
thousand volumes. It is open to the public every morning, 
except on Sundays and Saints' days, and every evening ex- 
cept Thursday and Saturday, and during the.jacations. 
§ 3. Public Libraries of Scotland. 

Edinburgh. — 1. Catalogue of the Library of the Fa- 
culty of Advocates. Edinburgh, 1742—76, 2 vols, 
folio. , ) . 



636 CATALOGUES, ETG. OF 

This institution was founded by Sir George Mackenzit, in 
1683 ; by donations, &c. the library has gradually been aug- 
mented to about axty thousand volumes, in all sciences and 
languages. Very eminent men have been the keepers of this 
library, particularly Thomas Ruddiman, Walter Goodall, 
and David Hume. Beside their select collection of printed 
books, the Faculty of Advocates possess numerous valuable 
MSS. consisting of the registers of many Scotti>b mona:.- 
teries, illuminated missals, and papers illustrative of Scottish 
history, and a feyir MSS. of the classics, particularly one of 
Martial, of which an account was published in 1811, by Mr. 
Dalyel, in octavo, (of this two copies only were printed on 
vellum). The books in this library are lent out to the mem- 
bers of the Faculty upon their receipts, subject to the obliga- 
tion of restoring them at the end of a year. 

S. Catalogue of the Library of the Writers to his 
Majesty's Signet. Edinburgh, 1805, 4to. 

One of the best arranged catalogues, upon De Bore's system, 
that has ever been printed : the libi ai y of the Writers to the 
Signet was begun in 1778 ; and now comprises a consider- 
able number of valuable works on history, the belles lettres, 
and the more generally cultivated branches of science, beside 
a very respectable coll clion of books of professional utility. 
The titles of works are given at length with great correctness, 
and analyses are inserted of all the larger series. My copy 
possesses two supplements, without which the catalogue jg 
incomplete. 

S. Catalogus librorum ad rem medicam spectantium 
jn bibliothecse Academiae Edinburgensis, secundum 
auctorum nomina dispositus. Editio altera. Edin- 
burgi, 1798, Svo. 

II. Glasgow.— ^A General Account of the Hunterjan 
Museum, Glasgow : induding historical and scientific 



BRITISH PUBLIC LIBRARIES. 637 

notices of the various objects of Art, Literature, &c, &c 
&c in that celebrated collection. By Capt. J. JLadsey, 
Glasgow, 1813, 8vo. 

This unrivalled collection was formed by the late celebrated 
Dr. Wm. Hunter; who, with unliiisited expense and indefa- 
tigable pains, accumulated all the choicest treasures of the 
typographic and pictorial arts, natural history, antiquities, 
and especially anatomical preparations. On the doctor'^ 
decease, the use of his museum was bequeathed, under 
certain conditions, and for a certain term of years to his 
nephew. Dr. Baillie, and falling him to Mr. Cruikshanks; 
and the whole was thereafter bequeathed to the College of 
Glasgow, together with a noble legacy of «f 8000 towards 
its support and further augmentation. On the death of 
Mr. Cruikshanks, Dr. Baillie with the utmost liberality 
' Teliiiquisbed' his claim, and the museum was transported 
to Glasgow in 1807, where a magnifnxnt and appropi^ate 
edifice has been erected in the University gardens for its 
reception: for the details of its anatomical preparatione^ 
and other curiosities, the reader is referred to Captain Las- 
key's publication. With regard to the library, — which has 
long been justly celebrated as one of the most valuable depo- 
sitories in Britain of the literature of past ages, — the eminent 
collector of this inestimable treasure of literary curiosities, 
enriched it from the great libraries of Askew, Ratcliffe, West, 
and Croft. Tlie MSS. are upwards of six hundred in nuin- 
ber, in almost every language : many are written on vellum, 
beautifully enriched with gold ornaments, and otherwise 
splendidly illuminated, t^everal are in gorgeous antique 
"bindings : there are many fuperbly executed missals, oriental 
MSS., MSS. of the classics, and others illustrating our na- 
tional history and literatuie. 'liie printed books amount t» 
more than twelve thousand volumes, in the highest preserva- 
tion, among wJiich are many beautiful specimens of almost 



638 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

every jiress since the invention of printing; — nearly all the" 
editiones priitcip'es of the .classics, printed after 1500, the £!-• 
zevifj Variorum, Delphin, and Baskerville classics. Our 
limits forbid an enumeration of the principal of these precious 
typographical Bijoux. We can only indicate a few of the 
rarest : Bihlia Sacra, Mogunt. 1472, and Norimberg, 1475, 
(two copies); Apollonius Rhodius, Florence, 1496; Hoineri 
iKas e< Orfj/ssea, Florence, 1488; Constantine Lascar is' s Gram- 
matica Grmca, apud Aldum, 1494; J. Lascaris's Anthologi'a 
Grceca, Florence, 1494; Mammotrectus, Mognnt. 1470; Phi- 
lelphi Satyra, Mediolani, 1476; Terentianus MauruSj de 
Metris !fc. Horatii, Mediolani, 1497; the only copy in Eng- 
land, — perhaps in the world. To these may be added the 
following copies on vellum; Cicero de Officiis, Fust, Mogunt. 
1466; Anthologia Grmca, 1494; Augustiniis de Vita Christi, 
Mogunt. 1470; Platonis Opera, apud Aldum, 1513; and the 
celebrated erotic German poem of Teurduncks, Norimberg, 
1517. The arrangements of the college of Glasgow render 
the advantages of the Hunterian Museum easily attainable : 
the hours of attendance for strangers are from twelve to two 
every day, Sundays excepted. 



SECTION IV. 

Catalogues of the principal British Private Libraries*. 

Catalogue of a portion of the valuable Library of the 
late Stanesby Alchorne, Esq. To which are added 
the valuable duplicates of a nobleman. 1813, Svo. 

* The author hart accumulated a variety of materials relative to cata- 
logues of the principal private libraries, both British and foreign: but, 
finding that most of these had been copiously and ably treated in Mr. 

Cibdin's 



BRITISH PRIVATJE LIBRARIES. 639 

This-catklogue contains only one hundred ?(nd elglity.-seyen arti- 
cles : njost of thenrnare rare books and first editions printed in 
the fifteenth century, including soule of the scarcest and most 
interesting specimens from the presses of Gutenberg. Fust, 
Schoiffer, Mentellin, Vindelin de 8pira, Aldus, &c. among 
the foreign printers ; and some of the rarest articles in the 
infancy of printing in England, by Caxton, Lettou, Mach- 
liqia, Wynkyn de Woi"de, and Pynson. The following arti- 
cles will convey to the reader some idea of the value of this 
collection. 

No. ■ /. s. d. 

116. Speculum Humana; Sahaiionis ; a MS. copied by Lescle- 
part, with 58 drawings, representing complete fac- 
similes of the rude efforts of engraving which decorate 
the original. (It was formerly the Abb^ Rive's. See 
p.i23,snpra) - - - - 10 15 

121. JoJumnis de Janua Summa qu<E vacatur cathoUcan. Guten- 

burg, Mentz, M.CCCCLX. - - 

122. Ciceronis Offkia. Fust and Schoiffer, Mentz,'l466, 4to. - 

123. Thomas Aquinatis Secunda Secundae, Schoiffer, 1467 - 

124. Laclantii Opera. Sweynheym and Pannartz. Bomee, 

1468 - - - - - 15 

127. Valerius Maximus. Editio Princeps, by Mentellin, no 

date - - - _ » 

128. Idem, 2d edit, by Schoiffer, folio, Mentz, 1471 

129. /(fem, by Vindelin de Spira, fol. Venice, 147 L 

132. Orosii Historia, editio princeps, Augsburg, fol. 1471 

133. Torlellius de Orihogi't^hia. Rams, folio, 1471 

134. /dem, Venice, Jenson, folio, 1471 

135. Jastinus, Sweynheym and Pannartz, Romoe, folio, 1472- 
146. Euclidis Elementa', Latine, by Ratdolt, Venice, folio, 

1472 - - , - .. - 11 11 

Sibdin's Bibliomania (a work in the hands of every bibliographical student), 
the author has, after mature consideration, deemed it right to confine his 
accounts to such catalogues as are either cursorily noticed by Mr. D. or 
have escaped his researches; or which have been printed subsequently to 
the publication of his work. This statement it is hoped will acquit the 
author of apparent negligence in a subject so interesting to the lovers of 
books. 



58 16 





26 15 


6 


13 13 






40 








26 








U 


U 





26 








15 


15 





12 





a 


21 


0. 






640 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. '• ^- ^• 
154. Aristotells Politka et Economica, folio. No printer's name, 

place, or date - - - - IS 13 

156, Horatii Opera, iolio. Edit. 2da. No place, name, or ^te 38 17 

BOOKS pmNTEB BY CAXTON. • 

166. The Game of Chess, lili 

167, The Book named Cprdyale. 1480 
mz. The Golden Legend. ]AS3 
173: The Bake of Consolation of PhilosopJiie s- 
174. The Proujitable boke for Manes Soule 

PRINTED BY LETrolT AND MACHLINIA. 

176. Littleton's Tenures, 1st edition 

177. Vieux Abrigement des Statutes 

178. S^erafom CAraiiamJ (by Machlinia alone) 

PRINTED BY WYNKYN DE WORDE. 

1 80. Bylton's Scala Perfeccionis, the Ladder of Perfeccyon, 1493 

182. Fjto Paft-am, Lives of the Fathers, 1495 

183. Polychronicon, 1495 - - 

184. I^genda Awrea, the Golden Legend, 1498 

185. Bartholomaeus de Proprietatibus Rerum, perfect 

PRINTED EV PYNSON. 

186. Dives and Pawp^, l^^3 ... 

187. Intratiojium exceiyntissimus liber 

The Alchorne catalogue is accompanied by concise bibliogra.. 
phical notices, by Mr. Dibdin. 

Bihlioiheca AsJc0viana ,- sive Catalogus Librorum ra- 
jrissimorum Antonh Askew, M. D. 1775, 8vo. 

The saje of this library continued twenty-two days, and pro- 
duced ^4000. Copious specimens are given in the BibJio' 
mania, pp. 515 — 520. The large paper copies are scarce 
and dear : small paper copies, with prices, cost from £1. Is. 
to £1. 5s. 

J^iUiotkeca Ashedana Manmcripta; sive Catalogus 
librorum Manuscriptorum Antonii Askew, M. D. His 
adduntur, ex eadem bibliothec^, auctores classici in 
quorum marginibus scriptae sunt, suis ipsorum manibu$» 

7 



- 54 12 





- 127 1 





. 82 19 





- 53 11 





- 94 10 





- 42 





- 27 6 





. 34 13 


9, 


3 18 18 





- 59 17 





- 21 





- 15 IS 





- 13 13 


Q 


- 21 






BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 641 

doctissimorum virorum notse, nempe Bentleii Magni, 
Chandler!, Chishvdli, Joannis Taylori, Antonii Askaei 
Cet] aliorum. 8vo. Lond. [1785.] 

Two copies of- this catalogue (one with prices) produced at 
Dr. Gossett's sale (No. 366) £6. 6s. Dr. Askew's valuable^ 
collection of MSS. were sold by auction for .£1827. 13s. 
On the doctor's decease in 1774, they were offered for sale 
at two thousand guineas, but were refiised on account of the 
magnitude of the price. Of the printed books with marginal 
notes, in this collection, the greater part was a legacy from 
Dr. Taylor, the editor of Lysias and Demosthenes, to Dr. 
Askew. The MSS. marginal notes and observations, which 
these books exhibit, are the production of several most emi- 
nent scholars. Among them are the handwritings of Gale, 
Bentley, Needham, Wasse, Chishull, Chandler, Waterland, 
Harris of Sahsbury, Askew, Isaac Casaubon, Henry Stephens, 
and others. We select a few articles which may serve to 
excite the bibliographer's attention to this catalogue, whenever 
he tnay befprtunate enough to meet with it; observing, en 
passant, that the British Museum possesses a beautiful copy, 
inlaid in writing paper, with prices and purchasers' names, 
and elegantly bound, which was the late Rev. C. M. Crache^ 
rode's. 

BOOKS WITH SB. TAVLOa's NOTES. 

No. 
40. Aristxjphanis Comoedise, Gr. Lat a Kustero,foI. Amst 1710, 11. \0s. 

Dr. ttose. 
52. Apollonius Rhodius, Gr. 4to. apud H. Steph. 1574. 11. Cambridge 

University. 
170. Homeri Opera. Gr. fol. interfol. Glasg. 1758, 11, Is. Cambridge' 

Unirersity. 
190. Juvenalis Satyne. foU Paris, e Typog. Reg. 1644, 5/. 5j. Cambridge 

Univ^ity. 
284. Taylori Marmor Sandwicense, cum additknibus MS.tis Je. Tmflon, 

4to,. Cantab. 1743, 5^. 10s. Mr. Gougb. 

288. Terentiamis Maurus de Literis, &c. 13ino. Apud Scfnctandr, 1684, 

SI. 3f. Cambridge University. 

289. Idem Opus, cum notis plurims MS. 4to. Paris, (farf Colin, 1531, 4to. 

9U Cambridge University. 

TT 



642 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. MANUSCRIPTS. 

322. Chaucer's Works, folio, on vellum. Russia, 91. 9s. Mr. Steevens. 
On this book are the arms of Henry Dean, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, in Henry VII. 's reign. " This manuscript of Chaucer was- 
given to the British Museum by Mr. Steevens, April 28, 1786." 
(Note in the Museum copy of this catalogue.) 

370, ChishuUi Inscriptiones, 3 torn. 4to. 211. Mr. Gough. 

371. Chishulli Antiquitates Asiatieae, ineditee, fol. 59/. 17*. British Mu- 

seum. 

This is the second part of Chishull's Antiquitates Altica, of wliich 
only a few sheets were ever printetl : tlie death of the learned author 
prevented the compietion oftlie work, 

445. Cicero de Oflaciis. Codex pulcherrim, 4to. lU. Os. 6d. Marquis 

of Lansdowne^ 

446. de inventions Rhetorica, cum capiialii. illuminat. Codex pul- 
cherrim. ]2mo. 5/. 5s. The same. 

473. Inscriptiones Veteres. folio. 17/. 17j. Mr. Astle. N.B. This book 
belonged successively, to Lord Somers, Sir Joseph Jekyll, and James 
West, Esq. The writing is very beautiful. 

432. Livii Historia, decas prima, 300 Annor. MS, longe pulcherrhmm. 
In prima liter a conspidtur Urbs Roma: ex Panormo in Sicilia hunc 
cod. adduxit sccum CI. Askevius, corio Russico, foliis ei tegmine 
deauratis. fol. 33Z. 12j. Sir Wm, Biirrell, 

C21. Evangelia Grasca. Codex Membr. vetustissimus, Uteris grandiuseuliq. 
exaratus, 2 torn, ex monte Atho, 4to. 8/. ISs. 6d. Mr. Lowes. 
This number was again sold by Mr. Leigh for 4/. 4j. and purchased 
for the Museum, May 15, 1786, (MS. note in the Museum cata- 
logue.) 

622, Evangelia Graeca, Codex Membr. Vetustissimus. Saec. forte XI. 

corio Russico. 2 torn. 4to. 29/. 8f. British Museum. This is a 
very fine manuscript, with splendid and illuminated drawings of 
three of the Evangelists. 

623. Evangelia Graeca, Codex Membr. perantiquus, ex Monte Atho' ductus. 

Pictis Jiguris, fcriptus Anno 1159. A Monacho Neptune, <iorio 
Russico, fol. 27/. 6s. British Museum. 

624. GriBCa. Codex Membr. perantiquus, ex Monte Atho, corio. 

Russico. fol. 20/. Cambridge University. 

Among Dr. Askew's books and MSS, was a complete coUee- 
tion of the editions of iEschylus, some illustrated with MS. 
notes, and one or two, if not more, MSS. of the same author, 
which were purposely collected, for the future publicatioa of 
an edition of JEscbylus. A specimen only was printed in 1746, 
which is now Very rare : it is intituled. Nova Editionis Tra- 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 643 

Igadiarum Mschyli Specimen, curante Antonio Askew, M.B. 
Lug. Bat. 1746, 4to. This pamphlet was dedicated to Dr. 
Mead, and consisted only of twenty-nine verses, (563 to .596 
of the Eumenides, edit. Schulz.) it contained various readings 
from his MSS. and printed books, and the notae variorum. 
(Chalmers, Biog. Diet. vol. iii.p. 6i.) 

Catalogus Bibliothecae Historico-Naturalis Josephi 
Banks, Regiae Societatis Praesidis, etc. auctore Jona 
Dryander, Regiae Societg!,tis Bibliothecario, Lpnd. 
1796—1800, 5 vols. 8vo. 

Though professing to be the catalogue of a private library, 
this work is in fact the completest special bibliography ex- 
tant of works on natural history. Its value is considerably 
enhanced, by the indication of the number of pages and 
plates contained in each volume, and also of the different 
memoirs occurring in the great periodical collections. Vol. I. 
comprises the General Writers, and is divided into two parts : 
1. Books treating of other sciences beside natural history; 
and 3. The general writers of natural history. Vol. II. is 
appropriated to Zoologists, . and is divided into four parts : 
1. The writers on zoology in. general, or on any particular 
branch of it. 2. 'fhose on Thysical; 3. Those on Medical; 
and 4, Those on Economical Zoology. Vol. III. includes 
Botanical Writers, and Vol. IV. those on Mineralogy, each 
subdivided in a similar manner. Vol. V. is occupied by a 
Supplement, and a general Index Auctorum. The British 
Museum and London Institution, possess copies of this cata- 
iQgue, which is now becoming very rare. 

Bibliotheca Splendidissima.—^A, Catalogue of the Du- 
plicates of the two Libraries of R, A. Bennett, Esq. 
and of the late Richard Bull, Esq. To which is added 
the library of another Gentleman, 1810, 8vo, 

TT 2 



I. 


s. 


rf. 


4 


8 


,0 


21 








32 


11 


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6a CATAI.OGUES, ETC. OF 

This collection was jgsUy entitled to the epithet of ^lendidia- 
ainUi ; the books (which were sold by Messrs. Leigh and 
Sotheby, in March, 1810,) were, generally, in the finest con- 
dition, and bound in different coloured morocco. The whole 
comprised a very fine collection of English county histoj*y, 
antiquities, classics, p<tetry, natural history, voyages, and tra- 
vels, &c. &c. The under-mentioned articles, with their 
prices, will fiirnish some idea of its value. 

No. 

23. -Baskerville's edit. 6f Arioste's Orianda Furioso 
590, Chauncey's History of Hertfordshfre 
1413. The same - 

405. Dart's History of Westminster Abbey 
763. Pennant's Tours in Scotland and Wales, Journey from 
Chester to London, and his Lqndon, 6 voI$. 4to. Rus- 
sia, uniform - - - - -1600 
196. Montfaucon's Monumens de la Monarchie Franfoise, 

5 torn. I. p. . - . - !! 43 1 

797. Antiquite Expliquee, avec le Supplement, 

5 torn. - - , - - - 56 J4^ 0- 

79.8. Morant's History of Essex, 1. p. 2 vols. - - 22 10 

1379. Strutt's Manners, &c. of England, 3 vols. Chronicle, 
S vols. Regal and Eccles. Antiquities, Diet, of En- 
gravers, 2 vols. Dress, &c. of the People of Eng- 
land, 2 vols. Sports, and Pastimes, in ajl 1 1 vols. - 59 It 
1392. GiQugh's Sepulchral Monuments in Great Britain, 

5 vols. ' ■ 63 

1395. Macklin's edition of the Bible, most splendidly bound, 

6 vols. ...._. 

1396. Bowyer's edition of Hume's England, 10 vols. 
1399. Houbraken and Vertue's Heads of Illustrious Persons, 

'.p. 

1406. Thomson's Seasons, splendid edition, with additional en- 
gravings by Bartoloz^i, &c. 4to. 1797 . 
1405. Boydell's edition of Shakespeare, 9 vols, superb copy 
1418. Walton's Polyglot, •with Castell's Lexicon, 8 vols. Rus- 
sia, very fine copy - - - - 43 

A Catalogue of the Libraiy of the late learned Dr. 
Francis Bkrsabd, Fellow of the GoU^eof Phyi^cians» . 



44 


2. 





51 


9 





32 


11 





9 


9 





43 









BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 645 

and Physician to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, &t. &c 

London, 1698, 8vO. 

The learned collector of this library, who was physician to 
King James II. was a man of learning, and well verSed in 
Uterai'y history : he had the best private collection of Scarce 
and curious b6oks that till then had been seen in England, 
and was a good judge of their value. The amount of this 
auction, after deducting all exposes, was ^1600, a large 
aum at that time, when the passion for rare books was much 
more moderate than it is at present. (Lit. An. of 18th cent, 
vol. IV. p. 105.) A copious and curious extract from the 
preface to this catalogue is given in the " Bibliomania," pp. 
41 7i 418. A few years afterwards (in 1710 — 11) was sold 
the splendid library of Charles Bernard, the Dr.'s brother, 
who had been serjeaitt-surgeon to Queen Anne. The cata- 
logue, (in 8vo.) is rich in the classes of history, antiquities, 
philology, physic, &c. and the books were sold at consider- 
able prices. See Swift's Worfcsi (by Mr. Nichols,) v6l. VIII. 
p. 425. Lit An. vol. IV. p. 105. 

Bibliothecae Blandfordianse Catalogus, 1809 — 1811, 
4to. 

The present Marquis of Blandford has l<)ng held a distin- 
guished rank among the collectors of rare and curious works : 
bis series of early, printed books» by Ckxton as well as other 
foreigh printers, is very ample. The catalogue now under 
review, has been executed at different times, and in.varrOus 
livraisons, each of which has a separate title-page. , These we 
sball enumerate for the information of such of our readers as 
riiay be fortunate enough to rtieet with d CoJJy of this rare and 
elegantly printed cataWgtie Which is not intended for sale. 

1. Syinhola et embUmatti. qum ih Sihliotheea Biandfordi€tiSe 
reperimiw, 1809. (12 pages.) This collection of emblems is 
nearty perfect. 

2. Libri Faeetiaramt qui in BiMiotheca Blcmdforfiiense repe- 
rimtur, LondoUi 1810 (19 pages.) This collection is still 
mor^ complete^ than the preceding. 



646 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

3. Theologia, Critici Sacri, Controversix, qucB in Bibliotheca 
Blandfordiense reperiuntur, 1811 (fasciculus tertins). This 
section comprises many curious and beautifully executed 
MSS. of parts of the Scriptures, missals, &c. together with 
some of the rarest theological productions executed in the 
fifteenth and former part of the sixteenth century. The list 
of MSS. (with concise bibliographical notices) occupies four 
pages, that of the printed books, thirty-four pages.. 

4. Chronica, Topographica, Descriptiones Gentium, Homi- 
nuni, Rituum, ^c. quce in Bibliotheca Blandfordiense reperiuntur, 
Londini, 1811 (fasciculus quartus, 41 pages). 

5. Technici, Ludorum Graphici, Lexica, Grammatica, quce 
in Bibliotheca Blandfordiense reperiuntur. Londini, 1811 
(fasciculus quintus, 19 pages).. 

6. FabulcB et Fabulosa, qua in Bibliotheca- Blandfordiense 
reperiuntur. Londini, 1811 (fasciculus sextus, 26 pages). 

7. De Re Botanicd et Re Rusticd, qua in Bibliotheca Bland- 
fordiense reperiuntur. Londini, 1811 (fasciculus septimus, 

12 pages). 

8. Pqeta, Epici, Dramatici, Lyrici, ifc. variis Unguis, qui in 
Bibliotheca Blandfordiense reperiuntur. Londini, 1811 (fasci- 
culus octavus, 25 pages). In this and the preceding parts of 
the present catalogue, the articles are alphabetically arranged. 

A Catalogue of the very valuable and extensive Li- 
brary of the late Rev. Jonathan Boucheb, A. M. 
P. U.S.- London, 1806 — 09, (3 Parts) Svo, 

A Catalogue of the unique, scarce, rare, curious, and 
numerous collection of works, &c» being the entire lii^ 
brary of the late Rev. John Brand, F. and Sec. S. A. 
&c.- Lond. 1807—08, (2 Parts) Svo. 

Some interesting particulars relative to this sale are given in 
the Bibliomania, pp. 605— '60S. In addition to which it 
may be stated that Mr. Brand's own work on " Popular An- 
tiquities," (which formed the last lot in part I.) as prepared 
by himself for republicatioh, with copyright and numeroU 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES, 647 

additionSj produced the sum of <£630. It has since been 
published under the direction of Mr. Elhs, in 2 vols. 4to. 

The Library of Mr. Thomas Buitton, Small-coal- 
man, deceased, being a curious collection of every an- 
cient and uncommon book in Divinity, History, Physic, 
Chemistry, Magic, &c. Also a collection of MSS. 
chiefly on vellum, London, 1715-16, 8vo. 

'Concerning this catalogup and its industrious collector there is 
a very interesting article in the Bibliomania, pp. 438 — 441. 
See also Chalmers's Biog. Diet. vol. VIII. pp. 27— 30. A 
copy of this very rare catalogue is now in Mr. Heber's ex- 
cellent library : many of Britton's books and MSS. were 
purchased by Sir Hans Sloaine, and are now deposited in the 
British Museum. 

Catalogus Librcirum, A. C. D, A. (Archibaldi Camp- 
bell, Ducis Argatheliae.) . Glasguse, 17S8,.4to. 
The noble owner of this library was the third Duke of Ar- 
gyle ; it was one of the best private collections of the time in 
Britain. This catalogue is not often to be met with. A 
copy of it is in. the Signet Library, from the catalogue of 
which the present notice is derived. 

BiUiothecd Digbeiana, sive Catalogus Librorum in 
variis Linguis Editorttra, qui post KeJielmum Digheium 
eruditissl Virum possedit Illustrisgimus Georgius, Comes 
Bristol, nuper defunctus. Accedit et alia Bibliotheca non 
minus copiosk 6t dfegans. 4to, Lond. 1680. 

This curious catalogue consists principally of the library of 
George (Digby) Earl of Bristol, (who died in 1676-7) a great 
part of which was composed of the curiosities first collected by 
the learned Sir KendmeDi^by; together with the library of an- 
other learned person, whose name is not specified. The books 
-were announced to be sold by auction in April, 1680. 



648 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

This collection (as might be expected from Sir Kenelme 
Digby's pursuits) contains many writers on metallurgy, na- 
tural philosophy, and sympathy, beside the best works in theo- 
logy, philology, medicine, and the mathematics, a rich assem- 
blage of pamphlets relative to th6 times in which the ribble 

^ Collector lived, and many MSS. chiefly on astrological and 
political subjects. 

The writer of Sir Kenelme Digby's Life in the Biograpbia 
Britannica, (Vol. V. p. 197, 2d edit.) states, that his valuable 
library, which was justly esteemed a most excellent collec- 
tion, had been transported into France, at the commencement 
of the troubles in Charles the First's reign, and was improved 
there at a very considerable expense; but, as he was not a 
subject of the French king, it became the property of the 
latter on Sir Kenelme's decease, according to the Droit d'Au- 
haine. It is added, that, being afterwards begged from the 
king, the new possessor sold it for ten thousand croWns. 
Though we have: no information who this new possessor was, 
it is highly probable from the library coming to the hammer 
after the Earl of Bristol's decease, that the liatter had obtained 
it from the king of France. 

As many of the books in the Digby collection are described as 
being elegantly bound and gilt, (probably decorated with the 
arms or cyphers of the noble possessors,) this circumstance 
may, perhaps, lead to the discovery of them in the libraries 
of the curious. This catalogue is extremely scarce: atopy 
of it (with prices in MS.) is in the British Museum. 

A Catalogue of the very valuable Library of Books of 
the Rev. L. Dutens, dec.t'. R. S. F. A. S. &c.&c.'&c. 
^vb, 1813. 

Mr. Dutens was the well known editor of the works of Leib- 
nitz, and was also author of several learned publications, 
which it is foreign to our plan to notice. His Bibliotheque 
Choisie has already been mentioned (p. 557). His collection 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 649 

comprises a very choice asseniblage m Theology, Science and 
Artsi Belles Lettres, History, Antiquities, kc. < 

A Catald^e of a portion of the valuable Library 6f 
the late Bishop of ELy, (Dr. Dampier) 1812, 8vo. 

Contains many scarce and valuable books in Divinity, His- 
tory, Belles Lettre?, and especially Bibliography and Lite- 
rary History. Among these may be noticed No. 146, c«- 
talqgueqftfiePeaaro Librarrf now at Hafod (privately 
printed), 1806, 'Svo. No. 590, Mr. R. P^ Knight's .HojBeri 
Carmina Heroica, Ilias et Odyssea a Rhapsodorum interpola- 
litiniius repurgata et in prieiinam formam tedacta, l808, Svo. 
Extremely rare and curious, only 50 copies printed. The latter 
numbe^ of the Classical Journal contain a reprint of this 
work. No. 749,- Gesta Christi, a very curious specimen of 
early r typography, which is now in the library of the Right 
Hon. Earl Spencer, and is described by Mr. Dibdin, Bihl. 
S^remer, No. 702, vol. III. pp. 338, 340, who thinks it was 
executed at Rome. 

BibUdtkeca liigetiaiiA : a Catalogue of the valuable 

and extensive Library. of the GreflSer FAfna;^ of, the 

Haguey in two partsj 1806, Svo. 

This well executed catalogue was "digested by Sam. l^ater- 
son :" It comprises a truly choice collection of bodks, in va- 
riolas languages, in Theology arid Ecclesiastical History, in 
Profafle History, in Classical and Philological kamiiig, Phi- 
losophyi Physics; and Natural History, the whote body bf ktts 
and sciencies, &c. &c. &c. Though the sale Was announced 
to take place in March 1802, it was rkeVer carried into effect; 
the entire library having beeh purchased for 70010/. by Trinity 
Collegej Dublin, and add^d to their noible collection of b06ks, 
great J)art of whidh Was Origirtally formed by Atchbishbp 
Usher and by Df. Gilbert,' apd beqbe^hed by them to that 

i eollege. ■ Dr. G. formed his coUeCtion, expressly for the pub- 
lic-spirifed purpose of leaving thein by his will to Triii, Coll. 



^50 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

As no catalogue of the University library has been publishecl, 
it may not, perhaps, be deemed irrelevant to notice, that 
among its pnecious MSS. treasures, are the Coiiex Montejbr- , 
tianus, and the Codex Rescriptus of St. Matthew. From the 
former. Dr. A. Clarke has prefixed a fac-simile of the contested 
verses, in 1 John, c. 5. to his Succession of Sacred Literature,. 
On the latter, the Rev. D. Barret has communicated an in- 
teresting memoir in vol. I. of the Transact, of the Royal Irish 
Academy: his edition of the fac-simile of their gospel is no- 
ticed, stipra, pp. 115 — 117. 

A Catalogue of the Library of Henry Fagel, Esq. 
1813, 8vo. 

Comprises 515 articles, consisting of a good Collection of Clas- 
sics, an interesting selection of French andl Italian books, &c. 
&c. The library was sold by Mr. Evans, in February, 1813. 

Bibliotheca ^armeriana : a catalogue of the ctirious, 
valuable, and extensive library, in print and raanuscriptj 
of the late Rev. Richard Farnier, D. D. 1798, 8vo, 

8155 articles, which were sold by Mr. King, in May and June, 
1798, for 2210/.; and Dr, Farmer's Pictures, for500«. (Gent. 
Mag. vol. Ixyiii. pt. 9, p. 720.) The whole, it is estimated, 
was purchased by Dr. F. for a sum much under 5001. ! This 
library (as jt|stly expressed in the title-page of the cata- 
logue) comprised many rare editions of the Greek and Ro- 
man classics, and of the most eminent philologers, a fine 
collection of English History, Antiquities, and Topography, 
including all the old chropiples ; the most rare and copious 
assemblage of old ]EngUsfi poetry, that perhaps was ever exhi- 
bited at one view ; together with a great variety of old plays 
and early_ printed books, English and Foreign, &c. &c.. An 
interesting memoir of Dr. Farmer is given in the Lit. An. of 
18th cent.^ vol, ii. pp. 618— 649, and some curious excerpta 
from his Ciitaloguei with prices, in the Bibliom. pp. 565— 570. 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. «5l 

Prked copies of this catalogue sell for 15 or 20«. according 
to. their condition. 

Catalogue of the extensive and very valuable Library 
of the late Rev. Is. Gossett, D. D. F. R. S. 1813. 8vo. 

Oontaiiiihg 5740 lots or articles, and particularly rich in 
Biblical and Bibliographical wdrks. The late Dr. G. had for 
many years been recognized as one of the most experienced 
JBiblioiipaniacs. Mr. Dibdin has given a lively portrait of him 
under the character of Lepidus (Bibliom. pp. 160-^162) : a 
memoir of his life occurs in the Gent. Mag. vol. 82. Part 11. 
The following are afew of the articles which sold at the highest 
prices. 

S53.; B£(yle ^et Chaufepie Dictionnaire: Historiqae, 8 vols. 

Amst. 1730-40 - - - - - 9 19 6. 

254, — ■■' :: — Remarques sur le Diet, de Bayle, Paris, 1752, , 

■folio. - - ,,, ,, ,. - - 3 IS 0- 

256. Eezae Codex, a Kipling, 2 vols. ■ . - ,» - 3-14 

460. Biblia Hfebraica, a Vander Hoogt, 2 yob. 8vQ. r - 4 5 

495, The- S^flBrfard Bible, folio, -exon, 17G9 - - 4 14 6 

499,,BibHaHebraica, aHoubigant, 4vol5,fol, - - , 15 15 

500^- ■, a Ke.npiqott ,- - - 91 9 6 

501. Po^yglotta V. at-Noy. Test Gpmpluti, 5 vols, not 

u/Kform - - - - -23 00 

502. Polyglotta a, Walton, et Castelli LexicoAj 7 vols. 45 ■ 

542. Nov. Test., Gr.CQ/JJaEi, 12mo. „ ,■, . f.-. ,• ■ - -' - 1 10. 

5ii7i__ :—recensuitGriesbach, 2 vols. Haliae, 1796-1806 4 9 

563. Catalogueof the Duke of Roxburgh'* library, I. p. - 2 2.0 

566.> iBiMo^icca ^ifooMno, iMSSto. 2 copies, (1 with prices) - 6 6 

^02. C^talogjae, of Mp' Dal rymple's, Library, 2 pari* oqly • 2 15 fi 

726, Bible with JM^S. Notes, by Dr, Waterland, 2 vols. 4toj ,; 

■ r, eamb, 1635 - - - - 3 4 

928/ Bible with .notes, by Bp. Wilson, 3 vols. 4to. - 6 8 6 

740. Testamentum Vetus.Gr. edidit.Bos. 4to. . - - 3 13 6 

741^— f : r-a Breitinger . - . - - 4 11 

743. Nov. Tjest. Syriaopntjiia Ijejisden; et Schadf, et Lexicon 

•, §yriacum, 1709, 2 yolsi 4to.i , - - - 4 6 

961; Boswell's Life of Dr.. Johnson, 3 vols. 4to« with MSS. 

? • notes. By Mr. Wilkes. - - - -3116 

S7Jj, Bryant's AnaljjsiB of Ancient Mythology, 3 vols. 4lo. - 55 6 



65^ CATALOGtJES, ETC. OF 



t. 



13 


6 


4> 10 





4 S 





14 





18 






No.: 

999. De Sure, Bibliographie Instructive avec SuppUment, 

lOvols. 8vo fib 6 

1141. Cel^iis de plantkSaor* Scfiptura;, AtUst. 1149, 2 vols. 

8vo. . - - - - -.-200 

1235. Calmet, Commentaire sur la Bible, fol. 9 torn, f aris, 
. Vt9.iM - - - - - - 

1439. Clement, Bibliotheque curieuse, 9 torn. 4to. 
1542. A Collection of most curious Tracts on the Contro- 
versy relative to the Demoniacs, in 1737^59, 3 vols. 8vo. 
ViiL Coflstantini Lexicon Gr. Lat. 1592, folio 
1719. Critici Sacri, 13 vols. fol. Amst. 1698 
1945. Evangelia ab Ulphila, s& Graeoo Gothice translata, 

Stookh., 1671, 4to. - - - - 2 17 

1946. Goth, et Anglo-Sax. a Mareschallo, Amst. 16S4, 

4to. - . . - - - 

1947. Goth, et Lat. a Lye, Oxon, 1750. 

1^63. diodorus Siculus, a Wesseling, 2 vols. Amst. 1746 
1963. Dion Gassius, Reimari, HawJ. 1752 ' - - 

f964. Dii Cange, Gloss, med; et inf. -Crsecitatis, 2 vdls. tugd. 

1688 ' '^ . , ,. - 

il6T. Fabridi Hist. BibliothecsB Fabriciauae,- 6 vols. 4to. 
2173. — -Bibliotheca Eatlna medi et infimae Latinitatis, 

4volsf in 2. Patavit, 1754 - . - - 

5214. Gesneri Thesaurus, post Ste^haHuta, 2 Vols. Lipsix, l't49 
3215. Golii Lexicon Arabico Latinum ... 

^258. Goujet, Bibliotheque Fran$oise, 18 tom. 8vd. 
2416. Gebeliii, Mxmde Primitif Analyse, 11 tOm. 4to. Par. 
' 1773^2 - - - - .. 

2458. HerodeitaS, a Wesseling,' Amst. 1763, folio » 

4590. Ilomeri Opera, Gr. Lat. Clarke 6t firnesti, 5 Wis. Upi. 

1759 - - - - - - 6 16 6 

S69C Histoire et Mem6ires de I'Acad^mie Koyale cles In- 

Sfiriptions, 46 vols. 416. Pons, 1736-93 » ' . 

4708.. Jdsephus, Gr. Lat. HdvercatUpi Atnsl.Zyoh, folio, 1726. 
S952. Julii Pollucis OitomasticoVi, Juh^rmacnti, 2 vol. Amst. 
1706 - - . . - 

3046. Laire,- Index librsrdm ab inventa t^pOgrapiiiai, 2 vbls. 
306I.> Tteenty-six curious Tracts relative to Languages, 

I 1765,-&c.8vo. -- - 

3067. Dr. Lerdner'S Works, by Kippis, 11 vols. 8Vo. 
3159'. JUvenalis et Persius, Henninii, Lug. Bat* 16^5, 4tO. - 
3400. Livii Histories^ a Dr&ketiborcih, Lug'. Bat. 17'38, 7 vdk 
4to. ._...., 

S406. Le Long et Masch Bibliotheca Sacra, 3 «dls, 4to. 1778 



2 \<T 





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3 9 





1 3 


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BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 653 

No. 

341.3. Luciapi Opera, Hemsterhusii, Amst, 1743, 4yols.,4to. 

3428. Maittaire, Annates Typographic!, Hag, Com. 1725-38, 

3 vols. - . . . . ' 

S672. Morhof, de Pata\nnitate Liviana. Kilonii, 1685, 4to. 
3955. Ovidius, Burmanni, Amst. 1747, 4 vols. 4to. 
4221. Phavorini Thesaurus ling. Grsec. Venet. 1712, folio - 
4463, De Rossi, Variae Lectiones, Vet. Test. Hebr. 4 vols. 

4to. Parmae. • ' - 

4482. Poli Synopsis Criticorum, 5 vols, fol, Vltr. 1684 
4733. Scapuls Lexicon, Gr. Lat. fol. 1652, fine copy 
4J8U Servettes d^ Trvaiietf, 1531-32, 2 vols. 8vo. 

5186, Suetonius, Burmanni, Amst 1736, 2 vols. 4to. 

5187. Surenhusii fiifiKot Karx^Xayvt. Amst, 1713, 4to. very 
rare ...._. 

5200. Terentius, Westerhovii, Hag. Com; 1726 
5327, Venema, Comment, ad Psalmos, 6 vols, 4to. 
5234. Stephani Thesaurus Ling. Gr. Glossaria, Appendix, et 
Scotti Appendix ad Stephanum, 7 vols. fol. 1572, &c. 
5482. Suidffi Lexicon Gr. Lat. Kusteri, Cantab. 1705 
5484. Taylor's Hebrew GoneordanCe, a vols.' folio' - 
5719. Wolfii Bibliotheca Hebraica, 4 vols. 4to. 

The Classical Journal, No. XVI. (pp. 471 — 482) coatains a 
copious list with prices, at which the Classics spld at the above 
auction ; scarcely any of which are noticed in the preceding 
articles. The Bibliographer will find it worth his while to 
consult it. 

A Catalogue of the entire and valuable Libraiy, (with 
the exception of the Department of British Topography 
bequeathed to the Bodleian Library) of that eminent 
Antiquary, EichajRd Gough, Esq. deceased, 1810. 
To this catalogue is prefixed, a Biographical Prefape, by 
lilr. Nichols, who has enlarged it into an interesting me- 
moir of Mr. G. in bjs Lit, Arm. vol, vi. pp. 262 — 343. Among 
his numerous valuable productions, we mention with pleasure 
the Progress of Sale Catalogues, to which we are indebted 
for some curious particulars in this section. It was first 
printed in the 58th vol, of the Gent, Mag. and is enlarged in the 
Lit. An. vol. iii. pp. 608, 693. This catalogue comprised 4372 
7 



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4 18" 





3 1 





7 17 


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3 10 





1 3 





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654 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

articles, of which 4082 are printed books, and 291 were MSS. 
The whole produce of the library was <£3552. 3s. and that 
of the prints, coins, &c. ^517. 6s. 6d. The following were 
among the most important articles : 

Ames's Typographical Antiquities, with Herbert's MS. notes, &c 4to. 
3 vols. 32/. Rev. Mr. Dibdin. 

Rymer's Foedera, 20 vols. fol. 32/. 11.?. Mr. Gardiner. 

Sir P. Sidney, his funeral procession, by Lant.— Typis Pompae Funebrs 
in exequiis Dom. D. Frederici III. 39/.18s. Sir Tho. Bankes. 

Abstract of the Lambeth Registers, in 48 vols, folio, by Dr. Ducarel and 
Others, 30/. British Museum. 

A curious collection of pamphlets relating to coins, 23/. Mr. Jeffery. 

Heame's Acta Apostolorum, 8vo, 20/.. Mr. Bagster. Robert! de Aves- 

bury Historia, 1, p. 11/. lis. Mr. Armstrohg. 

Froissart's Chponicles, by Mr. Johnes, 4 vols. 4to. with additional 
plates, 26/. 15s. Mr. Priestley. 

Nichols's Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, 3 vols, folio, 26/. 15*. 
Mr. Constable. 

Biographia Britannica, T- vols, folio, with Manuscript Notes, by 
Mr. Gough, 13/. Mr. Chalmers (who has since introduced the most ma- 
terial of them into his Biographical Dictionary.) 

Boetius de Consolatione Philosophise, translated into Englesse. Em- 
prynted in the exempt monastery of Tauestock in Denshire. By me Dan 
Thomas Rychard, Monke of the sayd monastery, (imperfect, wanting one 
leaf, 14/. 3s. 6d. Mr. Heber. 

Ducarel's Anglo-Norman Antiquities, his own copy corrected, 12/. 12s. 
Mr. Baker. 

Geographi Veteres, 4 vols. Bvo. Oxon, 1698, &c. 12/. 12*. Mr. Payne. 

Patten's Expedicion into Scotlande, of the most woortlfely foituoiate 
prince, Edward Duke of Somerset, uncle unto Edward VI. R. Grafton, 
-1548. 10/. 5s. Mr. Constable. 

197 Narratives of Battles and Sieges in the Rebellion, 1640, &c. 
18/. ISs. Mr. Sturt 

Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting in England, and Catalogue of Engravers, 
5 vols, with MS. notes, &c. Strawberry Hill, 1765. 17/. 17s, Mr. Bagster. 

Titi Livii Historia Romana, MS. ssec. xv. With numerous illumina- 
tions, 17/, 17s. Dr. Burney. 

Strutt's Manners, Customs, &c, of the English, 3 vols, large paper^ 
15/, As. 6d.' 

" The Taylor's Cushion," in 2 parts, 11. lOs. Mr. Heber^ 

Parkhurst's Life of Burkitt, 1704, 8vo. 51. 

A remarkable collection of antlent cards (bought by Mrt Tutet, »t 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 655 

Dr. Stukeley's sale, and at Mr. Tutet's, by Mr. Gough, il. Mr. Trip* 
book. 

The Myrrour or Image of the Worid, imperfect, with 16 MS. Letters, by 
Thomas Hearne. Caxton, 1481, 4/. 14j. 6rf. Mr. Bagster. 

We are indebted for these particulars to the Gent. Mag. vol. 
Ixxx, part ii. p. 240. 

Catalogue of books containing all the rare, useful, and 
valuable Publications, in every department of Litera- 
ture, from the first invention of printing to the present 
time, (belonging to the Rev. Dr. Heath,) 1810, 8vo. 
These books were sold by Mr. Jeffery, in April, 1810, in 4786 
lots, or articles, containing a selection of some of the most 
curious and valuable articles, ever perhaps brought to the 
hammer. " Never did the Bibliomaniac's eye alight upon 
' sweeter copies,' as the phrase is, and never did the Biblioma* 
nical barometer rise higher than at this sale I" (Mr. Willett's, 
perhaps, excepted, for which, vide infra.) " The most 
marked phrenzy characterized it." (Bibliom. p. 617.) But the 
subsequent extracts from a large paper copy, with MS. prices 
and purchasers' names, now before us, shall speak for them- 
selves : 
No. 

1. Gebelin, Monde Primltif, 9 tomes, 4to. Paris, 1'7'53, &c. 
22. Saids Lexicon, Kusteri, 3 torn. fol. Cantab. 1705 
24. Phavorini Lexicon, a Bartoli, Venet. fol. 1712 

27. Constantini Lexicon, Gr. Lat. 2 vols. Genev. folio, 1592 

28. Scapuls Lexicon, Gr. Lat. Elzevir, fol. 1652 
152. Hiekes, Linguarum Septentrionalium Thesaurus, Oxon, 

3 Tols. folio, 1705 - - - - 15 4 6 

165. Encyclopedic, avec planches, supplement, &c. 35 tomes, 

fol. Paris, 1765-80. - - - - 42 9 

166^ Moreri, Dictionnaire HistoriqQe, 10 tomes, fol. Paris, 

1759, best edit. - - - - 24 3 

421. Biblia Polyglotta, by Walton, 6 vols, with the can- 
celled leaves of the preface, and Castell's Lexicon, 
2 vols, London, fol. 1657, superbly bound iy the cele- 
brated Roger' Payne,' in red morocco [bought by Lord 
Essex,] - - - - - 73 10 

577. Aiigustini Opera (the Benedictine edition) 12 tomes in 

9 vols, folio. Paris, 1689—1703* - . 35 



/. 


s. 


A 


11 


11 





14 


3 


6 


14 


3 


C 


13 


5 





15 


15 






656 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. '• ^ A 

S83. Athanasii Opera (the Benedictine edition), 3 vols, folio, 

Paris, 1698 - - - - 5 12 17 

588. Chryaostomi Opera, Gr. Lat a Montfaucon, 13 vols. 

folio, Paris, 1718 - - - - 2.5 10 

627. Hieronymi Opera (the Benedictine edition), 5 vols, fol. 

Paris, 1693 - - - . - 20 

1357. Buffon et D'Aubenton, Histoire Naturelle, with the 
Supplements, and Lacepede's jHist Nat. des Quadru- 
pedes Ovipares et Serpens., et des Poissons,, &o. Paris, 
1749-98, 42 vols. 4to. - - - - 55 13 

152g, UPutv^kph's and Vertiie's Heads of rUustrious Persons 

of Great Brit. 2 vols, in 1. 1, p. Lond. 1743-51, folio 34 13 
1619. Collins's Proceedings, &c. concerning Baronies by"J 

writ, fol. Lond. 1734. f 16 IS 

1620. Noble Families of Cavendish, Harley, Vere, T 

and Ogle, with Portraits, fol. Load. 1752 -* 

2245. Graevii et Burmanni Thesaurus Antiquitatum et His- 
toric ItaliaeetSiciliae. 45 tomes, fol. Lug. Bat. 1704-25. 45 3 
Aldine Classics. 
2865. Aristotelis et Theophrasti Opera, Gr. 5 vols, folio, 

1495-98, (bought by Mr. Payne) 
S882. Thucydides, Gr. fol, 1502, (Lord Milton) - ' » 
SB91. ]?emOsthenes,Gr. fol. 1504, (Lord Milton) - 

2897. Oratores veteres Graaci, 3 vols, in 2. 

2898. Platonis Opera Gr. 3 vols. fol. 1513, (Mr. Heber) 
2971. Aristotelis et Theophrasti Opera Gr. 6 vols. 12mo. 1551 

3017. H. Stephani Thesaurus, cum Apncndice et Glossario, 

. et Scotti Appepdice, 7 vols, folio, 1572-1746 - 79 16 

S034. Platonis Opera, Serrani (apud H. Steph.) 3 vols, in 3, 

bound by De Eome, a superb copy - - - 14 

3241. Herodotus, aWesseling, Anist. fol. 1763 - - 17 10 6 

3245. Thucydides, Dukeri, 1. p. exceedingly rare, 2 vols, folio, 

Amst. 1763 - . . - 46 4 C 

327^. piodorus Sjculus, a Wesseling, 2 vols. fol. 1. p. Amst. 

1736 - - . . - ■ .- 15 C 

325?. Geographiaj Veteris Scriptores mioores, a Hudson, 

4 vols. 8vo. 0x072, 1698-1712 - - - 21 10 { 

3329. Plutarchi Opera a Reiske, 12 vols, 8vo.LipsiaB, 1771, 4cc. 15 15 < 
3344. Anthologia, Gr. Uteris majusculis, Florentite, 1494. 

FiiSe copy, bound by De Rome - - - 23 10 < 

j5372. Homeri Opera, Gr. Editio Princeps, Florent.,liSS, a. 

fine copy - - - - - - 94 10 < 

3378. r- ab Emesti, 5 toifu 8vo. lipsise, 1759 . 19 8 ( 



46 





13 13 





27 6 





20 





25 10 





12 5 






BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 657 

3383. Eustathii in Homerum Parecbolae, Gr. Romce, 15i^, 

4 vols, folio ' . . . - . 63 5 

3480. ApoUonins Rhodius, Gr. Fhrentia, 1494 - - 10 

3624. Aristoteljs Opera, Gr. Lat. a Du Vail. 4 vols. fol. Paris, 

1629 - - . . - . 31 10 

3930. Ovidiiis, Burmanni, 1. p. 4 Vols. 4to. Amst. 1727 ' - 36 15 
3951. Catullus, TibuUus, et Propertius, Vulpii, 4to. 4 vols. 

/•ateora, 1737,49, 55 - . - 28 7 

4141. Ciceronis opera, Oliveti, 9 torn. 4to. Paris, 1740 - 42 

4142. ^ Emesti, 5 vols. 8vo. Hal. Sax. 1774-77 15 

4270. Acta Apbstolorum, Gr. a Hearne, I. p. extremely 

scaroejSvo. Oran, 1715 (the Signet Library) - 13 2 

4274. Roperi Vita D. Thomse More, ab Hearne, L p. very 

rare, 8vo. Oxon, 1716 - - . - 17 

4369; Eapin's Hist, of England, with Tindal's Continuation 

and Medallie History, &c. 5 vols. fol. Lond. 1747-55. 43 1 
4388, Rymer's Foedera, original edit, ao vols; folto, London, 

l''2'7-35 - 52 10 

4405. Political State of Gr. Brit 60 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1718. 43 i o 
4518. Horsley's Britannia Romana, fol. Lond. 1732 - 28 7 6 

4562-71.' Sir Wm, Dugdale's Works. Monasticon, (Lat.) ii)nd. 1682 
&c. In English, by Stevens, 3 vols. fol. iorad. 1718, 22 '23.— 
Warwickshire, (first edit.) 1656, fol. 2d edit, by Thomas, 2 vols, 
fol. 1730.— Hist, of St. Paul's, 1. p. foli 1716.— History of Embank- 
ing by Cole, 1. p. fol. 17, 72. — Baronage, 2 vols. fol. 1. p. 1675. 
Origines Juridicialesj 2 vols. fol. 1. p'. 1680.' — ^Summonses to Par- 
liament,- fol.- 1685. — ^View of the Troubles in England, I. p. fol. 
1C81, Sold for various sums, amounting in the whole to 167^ 9^. ' 

Many articles of equal rarity and splendour might be stated,' 
would our limits admit of them. Let it sulBce;to add, that 
the amount of this extraordinary sale was ,£9000. Of the, 
auction-catalogues, 120 were printed on large paper, and dis-, 
tributed to the noble and learned persons, whose names are 
specified in a list prefixed to it. After the sale, an edition 
,(250 in, number) of the catalogue was printed by Mr. Con- 
_^table, with prices and. purchasers' names, in royal 8vo. Both 
catalogues are in request. 

Catalogus Bibliothecce Harleiance ,- in locos communes 
u u 



§58 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

distnbntus, cum indice auctorum. 5 vols. London, 
1 743-4-5, 8vo. 

Though 5 vols, usually belong to this catalogue, yet it really i« 
complete in 4 ; the fifth volume being merely an enumera- 
tion of the bookseller, (Osbproe's) old stopk. The library 
of printed bpoks, of thp second Earl of Oxford, was purchased 
by Osborne, for less than ofl 3,000, though the binding only 
of the least part of them cost his Lordship ,£18,000 / (Cens, 
Lit. vol. i. p. 258.) M- Peignot (Rpp. Bibl. Univ. p. 102) 
ascribes this cata]ogue to Maittaire. Tb@ preface, and the 
two first vols, in Latin, were drawn up by the late Dr. John- 
son, who was slightly assisted in his arduous undertjiking by 
Maittaire, who furnished bin™ with some hints for the classifi- 
cation, and supplied th^ iLatin dedication to Lord Carteret. 
Vols. 3 and 4, are a repetition of the first and second, and 
were composed in English by Oldys. " Notwithstanding itf 
defects, it is tlte best catalpgiie of a l^rge library, of which wc 
canbpast. !(t should be ii) every good collection." Dr, Qrake'^ 
Litertfri/ life of Johnson, in vol. L of Essays on the Ram- 
bler, &c. p. 153. Nichols, Lit^An.vo\. III. pp. 401—404. 
Consult also Di^jdiij's ]piblio?nfini%, pp. 461-^4^8, whicji con- 
jtains an jinalysis of thie catalogvtp, and some a^epdcites of 
Qsborne. 

Bibliotheca Hoblyniana: slve Catalogus Libronim 
juxta exemplar, quod manu su&, ma,xim^ ex parte de- 
scriptum reliquit Robertus Hpblyn, arujiger, de Naij^- 

swhydenincomitaliuCornubias, Lojidini, 1769,2prts|» 
8vo. 

A w^ll ej^ecuted catalogue of a,n ^xcejl^qt collection of bqefes. 
A Catalogue of the Hafod Library. Part Second, 
At the Hafod Press. By James Henderson, mdcccyii. 
8vo. 

"^^s is the §ecpnd. part of the catalogue of the very valuable 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRAT6IES. @S9 

library edjBcted by TtioMAs Jobnbs, Esq. M.P. at Hafod: 
it comprises the book» purchased subsequent to the fatal fire; 
which on the 13th March, 1807, totally consumed his mag- 
nificent mansion. The first part Ha^ not yet appeared. To 
Mr. Jobnes's spleiidid publications the lovers of British lite- 
rature are greatly indebted. A view of the interior of 
his beautiful lifci'ary at Hafod ornaments the fili{)liomahia ; 
(p. 608) and for the a1^ov^ rtotice of the Hafod library we ac- 
knowfedge ourselves obliged to Mr. Dibdin's friendly com- 
munication. Mr. Johrtes (we uiid'eJ^staiid) has begun a cata- 
logue of the whole of hisspl^ndid library : but it is uncertain 
when and whether it will be finished, or if completed' whether 
it will b& printed.' 

A CataJbgtie df l^tfoks, BSoeks of f*rmts, &c. ^. hie 
thepropeliy of John IjiKLAiifB, Esq.((feceased)l'810, 8vo. 

A very curious colkcticHi, comprising among other articles the 
Analysis of Beauty, in Hogarth's own handwriting, with 
drawings, which sold for £4t. \0s. and a series of IS original 
^intings, by that inimitable artist> of the principal scene^s in 
Hudibras, produced <£54. 13$. 

A Catalogue of the valuable aind curioUs collection 
late the property of Mr. Thomas Kibkgate, (deceased), 
I816; sVo. 

The collector of this library was upwards of thirty je^sts jirihter 
to the late Horace. Walpqle, Earl of Orford, \^hp liberally re- 
warded his long services in conducting his literary under- 
takiUgs by a'iegacy of <£100! The collectors of the Straw- 
berry Hill publications, will find this catalogue of great utility 
Cnfomishing them with a list of Lord W.'s pieces'. The books 
formidhly 434 afticlfeofthe catalogue, the remainder consi'st- 
itlgi<rf curious prints^ drawings, painted ^lassj coins; &c!. 

BibUotheca hamdofwnicina : a Cat^dogueof theeOitke 
uu 3 



660 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Library of the late most noble William Mahquis of 
Lansdowne, 1806, 8vo. 

This library was sold by Messrs. Leigh and Sotheby, in Ja- 
nuary, 1806; and was particularly rich in Topography, and 
rare EngUsh literature. The collection of British Topogra- 
phy was one of the cotnpletest perhaps in the kingdom : it 
is now deposited in the library of the London Institution. 
Some excerpta from the Lansdowne catalogue are given by 
Mr. Dibdin, pp. 603, 605. To it is, or ought to be sub- 
joined, a catalogue of his maps, charts, and books of prints, 
with prices. 

Catalogue of the late Marquis of LaNsCO-WNE, (now 
in the British Museum,) London, 1807, 2 vols. 8vo. 

This was the sale catalogue of the Lansdowne MSS. previ- 
ously to their intended sale by auction in the spring of 1807. 
Having been purchased for the British Museum, they were 
of course never brought to the hammer. To those, however, 
who may not be able to procure the large catalogue of these 
valuable MSS. (see p. 619, supra,) the present volumes will 
prove acceptable. Vol. I. (consisting of 444 pages) contains 
the title of every MS. in the Burleigh or Cecil state papers ; 
Vol. II. (comprising 146 pages) contains the titles of the MSS. 
collected by Sir Julius Caesar, Dr. Basil Kennet, Dr. White 
Kennet (Bp. of Peterborough), the heraldical collections of 
Mr. West, &c. &c. &c. 

Catalogue of the entire and valuable Library of the 
late Michael Lort, D. D. F. R. S. and A. S. S, 1791, 
8vo. 

Containing 6665 articles, the sale of which continued twenty- 
five days, and produced <i'1269. Some interesting " speci- 
mens of a few of the book- treasures" are given by; Mr. Dib- 
din {Bibliomania, pp. 549 — 551). In addition to which it 
may be stated that, among the variety of curious articles 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 661 

amassed by Dr. Lort, those relative to our national history 
and antiquities enriched with MS. notes by his friend, the 
well-known antiquary, the Rev. George North, were not the 
least interesting. The notes,, inserted by Dr. L. in many of 
his books, were chiefly references to authors who had treated 
the same subjects, or keys to particular publications. The 
sale of the Dr.'s prints (which lasted seven days) produced 
^401. Is. 6d. 

. A Catalogue of the large and valuable Library of the 
late learned and ingenious Mr. Michael Maittaire, 
deceased ; consisting of the greatest variety of books in 
most parts of polite literature, &c. &c. 8vo. London, 
1748. 

Of this catalogue there are two parts, which the purchaser 
should see to, when he is fortunate enough to meet with the 
volume. Among Maittaire's books are the scarcest editions 
of the classics, printed by R. and H. Stevens, Vascosan, Tur- 
riebus, Elzevir, Aldus, Moi-ell, and other eminent printers. 
This valuable catalogue was printed from Maittaire's own 
•copy, who was fifty years collecting the library, which was 
so numerous, that its sale occupied forty-five evenings ; yet the 
whole produced little more than =£700. The catalogue is 
uncommon, and priced copies are rare and dear : it contains 
many articles, particularly those printed at Paris, which will 
in vain be looked for in his Annales TypograpMci, Historid 
Slephanorumj or Historia Typogr. Parisiensium. Mr. Beloe 
has given copious and interesting extracts (with prices) in 
his Anecdotes of Literature, vol. V. pp. 389 — 452. 

A Catalogue of the Library of Mr. Thomas Martin, 

of Palsgrave, in Suffolk, deceased. Lynn, 1772, 8vo. 

Mr. Martin (better known, as he himself wished to be, by the 

name of Honest Tom Martin, ofPahgrave, the place of his 

residence) was one of the most eminent antiquaries of the 

last century. By his own industry, and also by marriage 



663 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

with the widow of Peter Le Neve, Norroy king at arms, he 
became possessed of a very valuable collection of English an- 
tiquities (particularly of such as relate to the county of Suf- 
folk), pictures, books, coins, &c. Mr. M, died in 1771, and 
his History of Thefford was given to the public by the care 
of the late Mr. Gough, in 1779, 4to. Martiji's distresses 
obliged him to dispose of many of his books, with his MS. 
notes thereon, to Mr. T. Payne, during his lifetime, in 1769. 
After bis death, in 1771, a catalogue of his library was 
printed at Lynn, in hope of disposing of the whole at once : 
this is the catalogiie above giy^n, and which ought.to have a 
portrait of the coneclor. Mr. Worth, a chemist of Diss, 
purchased the rest, with all his other collections, for ^600. 
The printed bpoks were immediately sold to Messrs. Booth 
and Berry, of Nprwich, who disposed of them in 1773 by the 
following priced catalogue, Bibliotheca Martinifma. A Cator 
losm of the entire Library of the la(e eminent antiquary, Mr, 
Thomas Martin, of Saffolh §vo. Norwich, 1773. Part of 
JVlartin's MSS. were sold by auction in tlie same year, at 
London, by Messrs. Baker and Leigh, who publishe4 4 Cata- 
logue of the very curious and numerous collectiofi of MSS. of 
Thprfifls Martin, Esq. of Suffolk, lately d^ceasisi, 8vo. 1773. 
It cotnpri^ed pedigrees, genealogies, heraldic papers, &c.. &c. 
together with a few early printed books. And in the foUftVf'- 
ing year the rest of his precious collectiofi was dispersed by 
the same gentlemen, who issued A Catalogue of the remaining 
part of the x/aluahlf collection of the late tufll'kniptijon Antiquary, 
Mr. Thomas Martiu, 8vo. ^774. A|t this ^a^e, his coins, picr 
tures, and other curiosities, were disposed of. A few parli- 
culaVs relative to the vending of Martin's library, &c, occur 
in Mr. Dibdin's amusing Romance, pp. 510 — 5l3. 

C^talpgi^epf the Library of the late Mrs. Anne New- 
ton, containipg chiefly the collection of the Great Sir 
Isaac Netyton, 1813, Svo. 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 663 

This librai^y was sold by Messi-s. Leigh knd Sbtheby, in 1813. 
Catalpgiie of the Library of the la*e Rev. Sar^uei. 

PaI/MER, (of Hackney) deceased, 1814, 8\ro. 

Five hundred and forty-five lots, which werie sold by Mr. 
Munn in March, 1814, and produced ,£380. 2s. 6d. In this 
collection were some curious and valuable pieces of the old 
puritan divines ; but the chief article of attraction was the 
lot. No. 121, a copy of Bill and Barker's 4to' bible, in mo- 
rocco, and in excellent preservation. It was the identical 
pulpit bible of the Celebfated John Bunyan, and also his 
companion during his twelve years' unjustifiable confinement 
ID Bedford Gaol, where he wrote his memorable Pilgrim's 
Progress. This Bible was purchased for Mr. Whitbread 
(M. P. for Bedford) at the price of £%\. 

Cafalo^e of the Library of a well-known literary 
Amateur, (William Pitt, Esq.) ISiOS, ^vo. 

Some anecdotes of the worthy collector of this library Occur 
in the Gensnra Literaria, voL VIL p. 328. Mr. P. derived 
a principal amusemeW in collecting the facetiae, emblems, 
and Curious wdod-cnts of thd eady printers in various lan- 
guages: it was the first Ubrary of this description hitherto 
sold, and the specimens were purchseed with avidity. A 
few were selected to increase the more sctensive and highly 
splendid' collection of the lilarqnis of Blandford. This cata- 
logue cdttiprises 872 articles or lots'. 

A Catalogue of part of the Libiary of the late" 
Richard Porson, A. M. Greek Professor of the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge. 1809, 8vo. 

Containing 13'&1 lots (about 4000 volumes) which produced 
.^£"1254. 18*. M. A copious list of the prices giveh for the 
prihcipal classics at the Professor's sale is given in- the Class, 
Jfourti. vol. L pp. 385-^390; 



664 . CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Catalogue of a valuable collection of Books, including 
tjie, libraries of James, the second Duke of Queens- 
berry, and.the late "Alexander Gibson Hunter, Esq.- of 
Blackness. 1813, 8vo. 

This numerous and valuable collection was sold by Mr. Ballan- 
•tyne at Edinburgh in November and December, 181 3. It 
■ included a considerable number of the best editions of the 
Greek and Latin classics, lexicons, dictionaries, voyages, 
travels, and antiquities; — books of prints, comprehending 
some of the finest specimens of the arts ; — English and Scot- 
tish history, including some articles in black letter, of extreme 
rarity; — several MSS., in particular the Edda of Snorro, 
attested to be more perfect than that in the library at Copen- 
hagen ; — the four first editions of Shakespeare, in folio, coni- 
.plete, in the finest condition, and superbly bound; — Homer, 
Plato, Plutarch, and several others of the editionts principes ; 
Caxton's Golden Legend^ (1483) and Polychronicon ; (1484) 
besides twenty different articles executed in the first century 
of printing. At this sale, a very fine copy of King's Vale 
Uoya/ brought cf 15, and King James's Exercises, given to 
the Duke of Queensberry by Ben Jonsou (whose well known 
autograph appears in the title-page) was sold for ^44. The 
books, however, did not in general sell high. 

A Catalogue of the Library of the late Right Rev. 
Dr. Randolph, Bishop of London, containing an ex- 
cellent collection of Theology, Classics, History, Philo- 
logy, and Belles licttres, 8vo, 1814. 

One thousand six hundred and twenty-three articles, which 
were sold by Mr. Evans in May 1814, and comprise 
a selection formed with great care and taste by one of 
the most learned prelates of the British church. Many of 
the books, though distinguished for their rarity and singur 
larly fine condition, produced copparatively small sums ; of" 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 665 

tVie value of this library, the following brief notices will afford 
the reader a tolerable idea. 

No. 

38. Aristotelis Opera, Gr. 5 vols, ruled. Ven. Apud' AMum, 155;. 
Theophrasti Hist. Plantarum. Gr. Apud Aldum, 8vo. 1552. 
9/. lis. 6rf. 
65. Acta Apostolorum, Gr. tat. ab Hearne. bare, {only 120 printed) 
' Oxon. 1715, 8vo. 8/: 2j. 6rf. 
•153. Holy Bible, with marginal notes and Hebrew renderings, (printed 
under Dr. Blayney's superintendance.) 2 vols. 4to. Oxon. 1769. 
■ 3/. lOs. ' ■ ' 

181; Atistotelis Poetica, Gr. et Lat. a Tyrwhitt, largest paper, blue mo- 
rocco. Oxon. 1794. 
*#* " This is tyfar the Rarest of all the Modern Editions of the 
Classics on Large Paper. The University only printed 30 copies, 
which were intended as presentations to Crowned Heads, Fnblic 
Libraries, and Distinguished Characters. Twenty Copies have 
been distributed in this manner ; and the ten which remain in the 
possession of the Trustees of tlie Clarendon Press are said to be 
reserved for presents to- Chancellors of the University on their 
' Election. 

The annexed list will incontestably prove the ioiprobability of 
another copy occurring for Sale. ' 

(30 liopies printed.) • 

10 remain in the Hands of the Trustees. — 3 in the Bodleian 
Library. — His Majesty. — The King of Spain..^King of Den- 
mark. — Duke of Portland (then Chancellor of Oxford). — Duke 
of Grafton.— Duke of Marlborough; — Archbishop of CSnterbury 
(Dr. Moore, now in the possession of the Rt. Hon. T. Grenvi|le). 
^Archbp. of York (Dr. Markham.) — Earl Spencer.— The late 
Bp. of London (then Bp. of Oxford). — Bp. of Durham. — Bp. of 
Peterborough. — Sir Thomas Tjrrwhitt — British Museum.-;^Uni;- 
v6rsity of Cambridge. — Revd. C. M. Cracherode (now in the 
Museum) — ^and Lord Grenville, on ^lis Election as Chancellor of 
the University." (Mr. Evans's note.) Sold for 37/. 16j. 

382. Biblja Sacra Polyglotta, Waltcni, et Castelli Lexicon, 8 volsrTolio, 

fine copy, ruled, 43A 

383. Another fine copy, 38/. 17*. .^, 

603. Dionysius Halicamassensis. Gr. Lat. Hudson!, 2 vols, folio, Oxon. 

I 1704,- LARGE PAPBU, 91. 9s. 

617. Geographi Veteres^Graeciminores, ab 'Hudson, 4 vols. t)xon. 1698. 

6/. 6j. . . . J 

691. Institution. of a Christen Man, Imprynted hy Bertkelet, 1537. 2/. 
762. Homeri Uias et Odyssea, sumptibus Adelphsrum Domus Grenvil- 

lianae, 4 vols. 4to. iaege paper, very rare, blue morocco, by 

Mackinlay. Oxon. 1800. 79/. 16s. 
B27. Obedyence of a Cbrysten Man, Hack letter, imprinted by Caplan^e, 

1561. 37i , .' ■ 



666 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Ko. 
931. Octavian, Emperor of Rome, a romance, abridged from a MS. in 

the Bodleian library, (by Conybeare,) unpublished. Oxf. 1809. 

21. 2i. 
974. Homeri Opera, Gr. cum Scholiis Eustathii, 4 vols. fol. best edition, 

Russia. RomtB, 1542. 501. 9s. 
984. Hampdeni (Vicecomitis) Britannia et alia poemata, /one of thi 

rarest of Bodoni's publications.) ParnuBf Bodoni, fol. 1192. 3/. 8$. 
111'!. Putsohii, Grammaticas Latinae Auctores, scarce. Sottovt 1605, 

4to. 51. \5s. 6d. 
1193. Lycophron, Gr. Lat. a Potter, large paper. Oa;o».1697, fol. ^l.9s. 
1387. Pindari Opera,. Gr. Lat. a West et Welsted, large paper. Oxon. 

1697, folio. 27Z. 6«. 
1434. New Testament, black letter, cuts to the Revelations, very rare, 

table at the end imperfect. Imprinted at Antwerp by Marten 

Enferovir, 153*. 5/. lOj. 
1SS6. Statutes of the Realm, printed from authentic Itecords and MSS. 

by order of the Kin^, folio. lAndon, 1810. 6/. 6s. 

Bibliotheca Reediana. — A Catalogue of the curious 
and extensive Library of the late Isiaac Reed, Esq. of 
Staple Inn, deceased. 1807} 8vo. 

The gteat bulk of this library consisted of tracts on all subjects 
incident to British literature, particularly the drama. Of 
early printed works, the pieces by Churchyard, Decker, 
Green, Lodge, Nash, and Bacnaby Rich, considerably ex- 
ceeded in number any former Collection; yet upon the 
wbc^ the black letter did not amount tb more than a sprink- 
ling. The number of voRimes was about forty thousand. 
The sale was conducted by Messrs. King and Lochee, and 
lasted thirty-nine days. 

The Books (8675 lots) produced - 
Manuseripts (1 15)> 
Old Deeds, Prints, &c. (75) - 

Total - - - 499'6 19' 6 

Our limits forbid any notice of the prices given for any arti- 
cles : the reader will find an ample list in the Athenavm, vol. 
in. pp. 61, 167, (whence Mr. Dibdin has seltcted a few of 



I. ,. 


A 


412fr 7 





161 S 


6 


95f^ 7 






BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 667 

the rarer articles.) The above notice is derived from the 
Censura Litteraria, vol. VII. pp. 100 — 107. 

A Catalogue of the Library of the late John, Duke 
of RoxBURGHE, arranged by G. and "W. Nicol, Book' 
sellers to his Majesty, 8vo, 1812. 

This noble collection of books was sold by auction by Mr. 
Evans, at hjs Grace's late residence in St. James's Square, in: 
May, June, and July, 1813. Few sales, perhaps, ever de- 
manded and occupied so ample a share of public attention, 
as this of the Duke qf Roxburghe, which lasted forty-five 
days, and called forth a competition of prices, hitherto unri- 
valled in the annals of literary history. Our limits will not 
admit of very copious specimens from this well executed ca- 
talogue; yet, as copies are now non-procurable, except at 
very high prices, (the small paper at wf 3. 3s. and the large 
paper at «£3. 5«. or more .') the following few excerpta will, 
it is hoped, be deemed not uninteresting. 

No. 

90« The Festival, fol. printed hnQixton, in two columns, hound in irowji 
morocco. No other eaptf^qf this iooi ijc qt present known, ^mes arid 
Ekrberi describe, an edition in tva, columns from which ifiis edition 
entirely differs. (Se^ however, JDibdifi's Typog, ^otiq. vol. i. 
p. 1 67, where a curious anecdote is preserved, relative to the 
Suke of Roxburghe's purchasing thi» identical book). ' 105^. 
Earl Spencer. 
91. The Prouflytable Boke for Man's Souls, called the Chastysing of 
Godde's Chyldien,^ fcli<>s brovtn timoecu, (a iemt^mi copy'/ West. 
Caxton, 140/. Lord Spencer. 
?32. The Lyf of^t. Katherinof Sems, fojio, fit<«a«, Caxtwv, West, 9St. 
Mr. Cl^rlf@. 

1006. Sessions Papers and Trials at the Old Eailey, from 1690 to 1739, 
2 vol$. folio. — 10,07. The same iiom tteir first legular publica- 
tion in 4to, in 1730>, to the year 180S indasive, forming a com- 
plete series of those trials during that period. 378/. Mr. Eeed. 

1276. Tullius of Old Age and Friendship, folio, blue morocco. West. 

Caxton, 14S1. 1151, Mr. Noinaville. 

A fine copy of this ■worlj in Enssia, produced 2102. at Mr. Willet's 
■ sale, (No. 612.) 

1569. £artholom%ns de Proprietatibus Kerttin, translated into Englisb, 



668 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. 

folio. Land. W. de Worde. The first book printed on paper 

made in England. 70/. ts, Mr. Nornaville, 
1621. A collection of 342 Portraits of criminals, and other remarkable 

characters, among which are some original drawings, one very 

large vol. folio. 9il, 10s, Mr. Triphook. 
I'JSg. The Boke of Seynt Albons, fol. Eussia, very rare, made perfect by 

MS. to imitate the printing. Seynt Albons, 1486. 147/. Mr. 

Triphook. 
1752. The Myrrour of the World, fol. morocco, West. Caxton, 1480. 

This is the fairest and finest specimen of Caxton's printing that 

perhaps exists. 351/. \5s. Mr. Nornaville. 

A MS. note in the large paper priced copy, whence these excerpia 
axe obtained, states that the Duke of Roxburghe purchased this 
identical work for seven guineas ! 

1754. The Kalyndayr of the Shippers, fol. morocco. A beautiful copy of 
a very rare book. Paris, 1503. 180/. Mr, Nornaville. 

2001. A complete collection of all the Tracts both printed and MS. con- 
cerning Mary Tofts, the celebrated rabbit woman, collected by 
G. Steevens, Esq. with her portrait; to which has lately been 
added a curious original letter from Mr. Howard, the pretended 
accoucheur, to the Duke of Roxburghe, then secretary of state, 
detailing the whole circumstances of the case, 8vo Russvi, 
361. 15s. Mr. Triphook. 

2414. Callymachi Hymni. Gr. Ed. Pr. lit. Capital. Exemp. nit. 4/ff. 
Cario Turcica. Florent. 1472. 63/. Mr. Payne. 

3168. A discourse of English Poetrie, by W. Webbe. 4to. Russia, very 

rare. Load. 1586. 64/. Mr. Triphook. 

A copy of this book (No. 1888) at Major Pearson's sale in 1788 
was sold for 31. 5s, to the late Mr. Steevens j at the sale of whose 
library it produced SI. 8s. at the Roxburghe sale it was purchased 
by Mr. Triphook for 64/. 

3169. The Paradyse of Daintie Devises, 4to. very rare, Lond. 1650. 

55/. 13*. Mr. Rice. 
3210. A curious collection of some thousand ancient ballads, bound in 
three large volumes, folio, 477/. 13j. Mr. Harding. 

In a note to the Roxburghe Catalogue (Pref. pp. 7, 8,) it is stated 
that this collection was originally formed for the celebrated li- 
brary of the Earl of Oxford, at the beginning of the last century ; 
and was then supposed to exceed the famous Pepys collection 
at Cambridge. It was obtained as well as many other curious 
articles from the Harleian library, by Mr. West; at whose 
sale it was purchased [for 20/.] by Major Pearson a gentleman, 
who had made old English literature his particular study. In his 
possession, with the assistance of his friend, Mr. Isaac Reed, 
the collection received very great additions, and was boVind up 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 669 

Mo. 

in two large volumes, with printed title-pages, indexes, &C. In 
this state it was bought at Major Pearson's sale [in 1188 for 
S6l; 4f.] by the Duke of Roxburghe, who soon iidded a consider- 
able number to the two volumes, and formed a third. Among 
these new acquisitions are some very rare ones, such as seven 
ballads printed at Edin. 1 510, and a ballad quoted in Hamlet, 
of which no other copy is known to exist. 

3240. Gower's Confessio Amantis, foa. Russia. West. Caxton, 1493. 3361. 
Mr. Payne. 

3246.. Chaivcer's, Canterbury Tales — o most heautiful MS. on vellum with 
illuminations, large folio, elegantly bound in morocco, 3511. Mr, 
Payne. 

3248. Chaucer's Troylus and Creseyde, 4to. Lond. W. de Wbrde. 43/. 
Mr. Payne. 

3268. The Passetyme of Pleasure, by Stephyn Hauys, 4to. very rare. 
Land. W. de Warde, 1517. 8U. Rev. Mr. Dibdin. 

3270. The Exemple of Vertu, by Stephen Hawys. 4to. very rare, Lond. 
W. de Worde. fiO?. Mr. Rice. 

3277. Guystarde andSygysmonde, by Wm. Walker, 4to. with many wood- 
cuts, scarce. Land, W. de Worde. 54?. Mr. Payne. 

3283. The Coplaynte of a Lover's Lyfe, 4to. very scarce, Lond. W. de 

, Worde. 581. Mr. Nornaville. 

3284. The Castell of Pleasure, 4to. Lond. W. de Worde. 63/. Rev. Mr. 

Dibdin. 
328.5. The Love and Complayntes between Mars and Venus. 4to. West. 

W.de Worde. 601. The same. 
3286. La Conusance d' Amour (an English poem), 4to. Lond. Pyrjtscm. 5il. 

The same. 
3293. H. Watson's Translation of Brant's Ship of Fools, with wood-cuts, 

4t0i Lond. W. de Worde. 64/. Mr. Nornaville. 
3318. The Works of Thomas Churchyarde, 2 vols. 4to. Lmd. 1^78— 

1593. Several of the pieces in these volumes have not been seen by 

Ames or Herbert. 961. Mr. Triphook. • 
3712. le Mystere de la yengeance de notre Seigneur J. Christ, 2 vols. fol. 

MS. sur velin decore atec beaucoup desplus belles miniatures. Ceci 

est le plus superbe MS. de ce genre. 493/. Mr. Payne. , 

3786. Shakespeare's Works, 1st edit, morocco. Lond. 1623. 100/. Mr. 

Nornaville. . , . . 

4034. A curious collection, consisting of 627 prints of theatrical scenes and 

portraits of the performers, engraved from different masters. 

Many of them proofs, in 3 large vols, folio. 102/. ISf. Mr. Nicol. 
The department of Dramatic Poetry in the Roxburghe catalogue is 

singularly rich and deserving the coUector'sattention.. 
«083. Morlini NoVelliB, &c. 4to, rariss. Neap. 1520. 48/. Mr, Trip, 
hook. 



670 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. 

This is one of the rarest books extant. The only copy, known t6 
be publicly sold, was at M. Gaignat'9 sale, where it was bought 
by the Duo de VaUifere for 1 121 Uvres, at a time when scarce 
books sold cheap. (Roxb. Cat. pref, p. li.) To this we would 
add, that the same copy produced 800 livres at the Due de V.'s 
sale ; one in M. Creveona's sale brought &36 livres, and at that 
of M. de Boissy, 901 livres or francs. 

6092. Roman de San Graal et de Merlin. MS. magnifique mr vetin, Telle 

en 2 grands vols. fol. marojuin rouge, enrichi Ae 33 mimaimes 
et les lettres init'tales peinies en couleurs, rehaussies d'of. 361. lis, 
Mr. Heber. 

6093. Recueil des Romans des Chevaliers de la Table Ronde. MS. sur 

velin en 3 mi. fol. Inaroqmn rougel Cetla collection eitrieUse con- 
tient le Roman de San Graal, Hist, de Merlin, Le Roman du Lari' 
celotdu Lac, Sfc, Ce Reeueil est enricAi de 747 miTiiatttreSi aoec 
les initiates peinies en or et couleurs, A great part of the above 
two curious collections was translated into French by the cele- 
brated Walter de Mapes, for the entertainment of his sovereign 
Henry II. as we are informed by Rusticien de Pyse. This cir- 
cumstance was unknown to Leliand, Bale, or Tanner, or any of 
our own literary historians, or indteed to Wolfiusi Fabricius, or 
Lyserus, who speak of Walter de Mapes, and- preserve some of 
his poems, particularly Wolfius im his curious Lectiones Memoi. 
rallies, 2 vols. fol. 78i. \5s. Mr. Triphook. 

€094. Collection des Romans, contenant — Le Roman de Brut d' Angle- 
terre — du Roi Artus, & de ILancelot Galand on dU' Lac, &c. 
&c. &c. MS. sur velin, de l"an 1391, rilie en 2 grands- vols, 
fol. maroquin hleu, enrichi de 105 miniatures, et les intitules 
peinies en or. This curious collection was made at the deare of 
Henry HI. of England, by Rusticien de Pyse, who translated 
such as had' not JForDaerly been done by Walter de Mapes, Luce 
du ©at, the Borrons, or " Messrs. Gasseif li Bions, qui parens fu 
le Roi Henry" (Henry II.) This last name is believed to be 
perfectly new to the literary history of England. 57/. 15* Sir 
E. Brydgesi 

6201. Le Recueil des Histoires de Troyes, par Riioul le Fevre. fol. 

TTiis very rare edition; of which but one other copy is known to 
exist, and that is in his Majesty's library, is. unfortunately im- 
pejrfect. It is unknonin to all the. bibliographers, and is evi^ 
dentiy printed with the same types with which Caxton printed his 
Ixarislation at' Cologne. It has the same number of lines (viz. 
SI' in a- page)- and like the translation, has neither'signatures nor 
pa^Tta&m. R may liierefote be very fairly concluded thatjt was 
printed ia'the house whOre CaxtonJeamoi his profession, as by 
his own account it was fiaished.b; tbe-author in'1464i< 116/i 11a 
Lord Spencer. 



BRITISH PRIVATE UBRARIES. 671 

No. 
C293. II Decamerone di Boccacio, fol. ediz. prim, Venet. Valdarfer. This 
is certaiqly one of the scarcest, if not the very scarcest book 
extant. No aiher perfect copy is known to exist, after all the 
fruitless researches of more than 300 years. The biddings for this 
preciqus morceau were keen indeed : it was finally carried off by 
the Marquis of Blandford for two thousand two hdmdked ahd 
SIXTY pouNps ! 

6348. Th^ Boke pf the Fayte of Armes and of Chyyalrye,/ot blue Turiey, 

gilt leaves, verxj rare, Caxton, 1479. 336/. Mr. Nornaville. 

6349. The very trew History of the valiant Knight Jason, fbl. Russia, 

Andewarpe, by Gerard Leew. 1492. Of this very rare editioa 
no other copy is known, 94?. 10*. The Duke of Devonshire. 

6350. The Kecijyell of the Historyes of Troy, by Raoul le ,Feure, trans- 

lated and printed by William Caxton, fol. Colen, 1471. 
In this matchless copy of the first book printed in the English lan- 
guage is a very curious note, written on vellum, in an ancient 
hand, and modernized by the Duke of Roxburghe, whieh shews 
that this copy belqnged to Elizaieih Grey, Queen, to Edward the 
fourth. It begins thus : — " This Soke is mine, Suene Elizdhet, late 
wife unto, the mast noble Kms Edward the Forthe." This lady was 
sister-in-law to Margaret Dvchess of Burgundy, at whose com- 
mand, and under whose patronage, Caxton says this book was 
translated aod. printed. It is not, therefore, surprising, that 
Caxton presented so fine a cgpy of his book to his queen and the 
sister-in-law of his patroness (Box. Cat. pref. [10] and p. 175). 
6353. The HWQSt IPyteful Hystbry of the ooble Appolyn, Kyng of Thyre. 

4tp. irery raw, Lond: W.de JVerde, 1101. Mr. NornaviHe. 
6360. The Hystorye of Blanchardyn and the Princes Eglantine, fol. Lond. 
Caxton. — Of this book no other copy is known to exist. Unfor- 
tunately it is in^ierfect at the end. 215A 5s. Lord Spencer. 
0875. Corpus Auctorum Qassicorum, in usum Delphini, omnfbus numeris 
a}>solutut0, ^compact, in 67 vols. 4to. corio Turcico, fol. de- 
awrat. 504/. The Duke of Norfolk. 
To the preceding articles we might add numerous others of nearly 
equal "value and importance ; brat (as justly observed in the Pre- 
fape) of tbe, rarity of the books, or the beauty of the copies in 
this collection, it would be'endless to speak. " But what above 
all other considerations ojight to recommend the books of this li- 
brary to the intelligent purchaser, is, that there are in it no 
books rendered imperfect by that abominable practice of pillaging 
the works of different authors of their portraits and other prints, 
ia'order to illustrate, as it is called, some trifling stupid book of 
anecdotes, where the names of those authors are merely incident- 
,:»lly mentioned. It is melancholy to think how prevalent this 
practice has become ; insomuch, that the best libraries are thus 
rendered imperfect. It mayibe truly called IJteran/ sacrilege," 
(Pref. p. 12.) We conclude our notice of this interesting library, 
by observing that it is supposed to have- cost its late noWfe owner 



673 CATALOGUES, ETC. 01? 

not more than 5000^. and produced about 23,341/. Possessors 
of the Roxburgh.e catalogue should see that their copies have the 
Buppletof nts containing, the Liiri Omissi, Ifc. including 768 ad- 
ditional lots. After the auction, a list of the prices was pub- 
lished both on small and on royal paper, With reference to the 
numbers of the lots. 

Sibliotheca Romano. : sive Catalogus auctorum, tam 
eorum qui vere Romani alias classici appellantur, quam 
plerorumque illbrum qui Literas Romanas restituerunt, 
vel quoquo modo lis excolendis promovendisque operam 
impenderunt : quorum fer^ omnium optimas accura- 
tissimasque editiones ingeriti tam sumptu, tum industria, 
collegit et in ordinem digessit Thomas Ruddimanus, 
M. A. 8vo. Edinb. 1757. 

The learned owner of this library was nearly fifty years libra- 
rian to the Faculty of Advocates at Edinburgh, where he 
died in 1757. This almost unknown catalogue is drawn up 
with great accuracy by Ruddiman himself, and is divided 
into ten classes ; comprising a complete set of all the reputed 
classic authors, according to the time in which they flourished, 
and executed by the Aldi, Giunti, Stephens, and other most 
eminent printers. To these succeed the Latin fathers, — gram- 
marians antient and modern, — modern Latin poets and ora- 
tors, — philologers, critics, and dictionary writers, — together 
with most of the other authors who have in any way contributed 
to illustrate the Roman language. An advertisement on the 
blue wrapper of this catalogue (which is necessary to render 
it complete, there being no preface to it) states it to have 
been the learned proprietor's wish, that these books, which 
he had collected with so much care and expense, should not 
be dispersed. They were accordingly offered for sale, to- 
gether ; and if no adequate proposals were made, the books 
■were to be disposed of by auction in the winter of 1757. 
The utility of this catalogue is enhanced by brief references, 
by way of notes, to the works of eminent Bibliographers. 
This rare catalogue is in the British Museum. 



IBRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 673 

; Catalqgus. Librdrum ab Artis Typographicae invento- 
ribus, aliisque ejus artis principibus, ante annum mille- 
simum quingentesirnum excusorum, omniutn optimS 
conservatorum (collectore Josepho Smith, Anglo Ve- 
netiis de Gente.) Without any name of place or date^ 
(but printed at Venice, Vl^l) 8vo. 
Of this catalogue, which consists oi'four sheets, only twenty- 
five finely-executed copies were struck off: at the end of 
this edition we read, Pretiosissima hcec Ubroriim collectio, cu- 
jitsris magni principis bihliotheca dignisdma, constat volumini- 
bm ccxxvii. A : second , edition is extant, containing a no- 
tice (in 70 pages) of 31 additional vols, at the end of which 
is added : Pretiosissima hmc Hbrorum collectio, ciyusvis magni 
principis bibliotlieca dignissima, constat voluminibus ccxlviii. 
The books are alphabetically arranged, as in the first edition ; 
Mid many of them were unknown to Maittaire. Brunet, 
(Miihuel, torn. i. p. 225.) speaking of these two catalogues, 
says that the. first was executed at Padua, at the Cominine 
press. This splendid collection belonged to Mr. Joseph 
Smith, who was for many years British Consul at Venice ; a 
detailed catalogue of it was printed at Venice by Pasquali, 
with the following title : Bibliotkeca Smithiana : sen Catalo- 
gus Hbrorum D. Josephi Sjnithii, Angli, per cognomina autho- 
rum dispositus. Venice, 1755, 4to. It is a thick vol. of nearly 
900 pages, which is terminated by 279 pages of the prefaces 
and epistles prefixed to editions of the 15th century. This 
catalogue is rare and dear. Consul Smith's library was sold 
in 1773 by Messrs. Baker and Leigh, who published a Cata- 
logue of the curious, elegant, and very valuable library of Jo- 
seph Smith, Esq. his Britannic Majesty's Consul at Venice, 
lately deceased, 1773, 8vo. We are indebted for the preced- 
ing notice to M. Peignot's Rep. de Bibliog. Spec. pp. 127, 
128, 

Catalogue of the curious and valuable Library of the 
XX 



«74 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

]*te P^BiLiB SiPWDT, Esq* among whick are a very rare 
collection of books on angling. 1814, 8vo. 
The, bopks comprise 1333 bts, or articles, which were sold by 
Messrs. Lpigh and Sot,hebiy iUj February, 1814, Colkctors. 
of books on. angling will find th,e Numbers 16 to 42, well wor- 
thy of their notice. 

Bibliotbeca Stankicmei. A splendid collection of rare 
a*)id fine books, from tlie distinguished library of Colonel 
Stanley. 1813, 8iV0. 

One, of th^' moat magniEcent collections ever brought to the 
hanimer : it was sold by Mr. Evans in April and May 1813'. 
How justly this library was entitled to the appellations of 
iphtidid and • magnificent,' the following excerpta from a 
priced catalogne now before us will sufficiently attest. 

<54. Vitruvius de Architecture, et Frontinus de Aquseductibus, 13aio. 
A very scarce, edition, which rarely, occurs in goad cenditiim. TUsiCpg:^ 
is in excellent preserva^on, the plates are very fine, a^ the binding 
in Venetian, colqured morocco is quite a picture, Mor-, apud Giuntanig 
1513. 11/. 
80. Description des principales Pierres graveesdu Cabinet diiSuc d'Or^ 
leans, par Chan et Le Blond, 2 toK folio, large paper. 
A magnificent copy. The ven/ first impression of the plates, inclttding- 
tjiose which wereusufpressed prior tothepubiication of the OfOTij retj 
morojceoi-Par. 1780. ' 48/. 6s. 

. JJ^. Holy Bible and Apocrypha, with Parallel Passages, various Ren- 
derings of'the most celebrated English Translations, ancient and 
niodem, asd Notes by Bishop Wilson, 6 vol. folio, largk papeu, 
^CBwriraTfE, WuemaroccOf-iy.Waltiter, 1785. 58/. 6s, 
Of this admirable editioi) of the English TBrble, only tweite copied, 
WEREpniHTED UPON LARGE PAPER. Bought by~Messrs. J. and A. 
ArcSi., 

147. Locretius. cum Commentariist perpetuis^ et Bentleii notis ioeditis, 
edente Wakefield, 3 vol. larse paper, very rarej iAe greater jjprt, 
having been destroyed by fire; bound in blue morocco by Walther. 
ioM' 1796. 28/. 7i. 

152i I^opei^ii Carmina perpetui& notis illustravit Kuinoel, 2 vol. royal' 

8vo. LARGE paper, bluemoT. by Walther. Lips. 1805. IS/. \5s^ 

*** One of the rarest of the modern German editions of the 

Cla58ifis,U|)po Isu^e.jfifjeff. It canitot be. procured, on t'ii«<Cc>ntii- 

Bent. 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 675 

No. 

160. Virglliuse recensione Heinaii, 12mo. large paper, extremely rare, 
Steevens's copy, red morocco. £hev. 1616. iU.Ws.6d. Bought 
by Mr. Niool for his Majesty's library. 

198. Juvenalis Satirae, cum Commentario Ruperti, 2 vol. 8vo. large 
PAPER, very rare, only 25 copies printed, splendidly bound by 
Bering, in blue morocco. Lips. 1801. 21/. lOj. 6d. 

2S7. Ariosto, Orlando Furioso, con molta diligentia da lui corretto, 4to. 
a. very fine copy, beautifully bound in morocco by R. Payne, Fer- 
rara, 1528. 651. 
Few books are rarer than this edition of Ariosto. I cannot find it 
mdationed by any Bibliographer. It certainly was not known 
to Quadrio, Fontanini, Apostolo Zeno, Haym, De Bure, nor to Or- 
landinii who prefixed a critical catalogue of editions of Ariosto to 
his own edition of 1730, in folio. No copy has occurred in the 
Sales' of the best Italian collections that I can discover. It was 
not in the libraries of Capponi, Floncel, Crevenna, La Valliere, 
Gaigoat, Crofts, Pinelli, or Dr. Monro, which sufficiently attests 
its extreme rarity. But its rarity is by no means its only recom- 
mendation to the collector of curious- books. I consider it as a 
very valuable literary curiosity for the following reasons. — In 
1516 the first edition of Ariosto was published, in 40 cantos 
(with letters of privilege dated 1515). This is so scarce, that I 
belie^re Lord Spencer's copy is the only one in the kingdom. 
Notwithstanding the great merit of the poem, it was not reprinted 
till 1521, when it was republished, but incorrectly to a scanda-. 
lous degree, omitting a whole stanza in one place, and yet from 
this incorrect and mutilated text, the two editions of 1524 and 
that of 1527 were printed. At length appeared this valuable and 
rare edition, exactly copied from the text of the first edition, and 
corrected by the author himself. All subsequent editions vary 
from this, as Ariosto re-wrote a considerable portion of his poem 
' after the publieation of this edition, and enlarged it into 46 
cantos. TaJS eWtioH therefore is the only one which faith- 
sully REPRESENTS THE TEXT OP THE FIRST EDITION, andlS absolutely 

becessary to elucidate some passages in the text as it is now 
printed : for when Ariosto re-wrote his poem he omitted some 
incidenta, and not adverting to the circumstance, refers to them 
as being in- his- poem. (Mr. F.vans's note). — This copy is now in 
the splendid collection of the Duke of Devonshire. 
882. ^accolta di Romanzi ed altre Operette piacevole, ciol, Historia di 
Piratno e Tisbe, Firenz. 1558. Hist, di Lncretia, la quale essendo 
violata si dette la morte. Oiasone et Medea', 1556. Hist, di 
Perseo come ammazzo Medilsa, 1557. Operetta delle Semente, 
J560. Lamento di Negreponte, 1-537. Hist, d' Orpheo et Eu- 
ridice, 1558. Frottole composte da diversi Autori, 1560. Hist, 
di ^Kradiamonte, sorella di Kinaldo da Montalbano, 1558. Hist, 
di Hippolito Buondelmonti et Dianora de Bardi, 1560. Hist, di 
Florindo et Chiarastella, 1560. Hist, di Maria per Kavenna, 
1558, Hist, di Gineura che fu sotterrata per Morta, 1560. El 

xx2 



676 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Salvio Romano. Frottola d'un padre che havea duo figliuoli un 
buono I'altro cattivo. Superbia et Morte dl Senso, 1558. La 
Nencia da Barberino et la Becca, ppr Pulci, 1556. I Germini 
sopra quaranta Merctrice della Citta di Firenze, con Giuoco 
delle Carte, 1557. Indovinelli, Kiboboli, Passerotti et Farfal- 
loni, 1558. La Sferza de Villani, 1553. Hist, di Tre Donne^ 
1558. Hist, di Masetto di Lampolechio Ortolano, 1557. Hist, 
di Campriano Contadino, it quale era molto povero e aveva sei 
figliuole a maritare, 4to. green morocco. 737. 10s. 
These popular Legends, composed for the amusement of the people, 
were all printed at Florence, and are extremely bare. On the 
fly-leaf is written " a gran fatica ho raccolto tntti questi pezzi 
divenute rarissimi. L'nltima Novella h intieramente diversa di 
quella del Brugiantino." 

319. Cancionero General : que contiene mucbas Obras de diversos Au- 
tores aqtiguos, con algunas cosas neuvas, 8vo. veby babe. 
Jnvers, 1557. i3l. Is. 
This is a most valuable and interesting collection of old Spanish 
Ballads. They chiefly relate to the conflicts of the Spaniards 
with the Moors, and display a spirit of gallantry peculiar tu 
that romantic people. 

8!20. Komancero General, en que se centienen todos los Romances que 
andan impresses en las nueve partes de Romanceros, 4to. UN- 
vsCAt.LV RARE, hluc moTocco. Mcdino del Compu, 1603. 63/. 
This volume contains a most curious assemblage of rare old Spa- 
nish Ballads, and has always been highly esteemed by the Lite- 
rati of Spain. In the collection are included thirty-two ballads 
relating to the Cid, twelve of which are not to be found even in 
Escobar. — ^These three singularly rare and ciirious articles were 
bought by Mr. Heber. 

426. Shakespearels Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies, folio, first edi- 

tion. The title-page is reprinted, and Martin Droshout's por- 
trait inserted. In other respects, a very perfect cogy, in fine 
preservation, hound in Tussia hy S,. Payne, 1623. 511. 16s. 

427. Shakespeare's Plays, folio, second edition, a remarkably fine copy, 

bound in russia by R. Payne. 1632. 131. 2s. 6d, 

428. Shakespeare's Plays, the third impression; and unto this impres- 

sion is added seven playes, never before printed in folio, blue 
morocco, 1664. 16Z. 16s. Bought by the Marquis of Bath. 
This edition is very rare, the greater part of the copies having 
been destroyed at the fire of London. The publishers of the 
fourth edition in 1685 appear to have considered the destruction 
of the third edition so extensive, as to entitle them to treat it 
as a non-entity; and accordingly say upon their title-page, 
" unto which is added. Seven Playes never before printed in 
folio ;" though they had been previously published in the third— 
a certain proof of its great rarity even in those days. 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 677 

No. 

•♦4.3. Dialogus Creaturarum optime moralizatus et jucundis Fabniis 
plenus, folio, with plates, a magnificent copy in the very finest 
preservation ; splendidly bound in Venetian coloured moropco by R, 
Payne, and one of the most beautiful specimens of his binding. 
Goud<e,per Gerardum Leeu, M.cecc.ixxx. 42i. D. of Devonshire, 

♦TS. Cento Novelle Antike, 4to, extremely bare, without date, place, 
or name of the printer. 591. lis. 
This is the earliest collection of Italian novels, and perhaps the 
earliest specimens of the Italian language now extant. Gualte- 
ruzzi published them at the request of Bembo, and has preserved 
throughout the ancient orthography. He says in the dedication', 
" la presente opera delle cento novelle, laqaale di tutte le cose 
in prosa vulgare scritte, che insino a questo di sono alia mia no- 
titia pervenute, giudico essere la piii aptica." Quadrio consi- 
ders them as the production of one writer, and hails him as the 
unknown fa,ther of the language. " L' autor di quest' opera i 
incerto, i pero autore di lengna." The Bologna edition pf 1525 
(wliich excited so much interest at the Duke of Roxburghe's 
sale) has usually been considered the first ; Apostolo ^eno con- 
fidently pronounces this to be a more ancient edition. 

61 S. Fenelon Avantures de Telemaque, edition conforme an Manuscrit 
original, folio, with plates by Picart and others, brilliant impres- 
sions, best edition, large paper, extremely rake, magnijicentiy 
bound in red morocco, by Mackinlay. Amst, 1734. 24^ 3s, 

699. Les Vingt Quatre Livres d'Amadis de Gaule, traduites par Nicho- 
las de Herberay et autres, avec le Thresor, 23 vol. in 12mo, 
and S vd. in Svo, in all 26 vol. blue morocco, Lyon, \515, &c. 
2i;. 10s. 
Esteemed the most celebrated and best of the romances. No 
book ever created a greater sensation on its first publication. Its 
popularity exceeded all bounds. All ranks of society were in- 
fatuated with the perusal. Amadis was in every body's hands, 
and formally quoted upon every occasion. The clergy became 
alarmed at its success ; and the learned Jesuit Possevin, even 
.18 years after the publication, complains that the impression it; 
produced was still unaltered. " It had warped the minds of the 
French nation from their ancient notions and studies, and intro- 
duced a neglect of the scriptures." He adds his solemn convic- 
tion, " that the Devil instigated Luther to procure the transla- 
tion into French, for the purpose jpf facilitating hjs grand scheme 
of overthrowing the catholic religion." A complete copy is now 
rare, and hardly ever occurs in tolerable condition. This is very 
fine, and was formerly Madame Pompadour's. 

115. Los quatro Libros del valoroso Cavallero Don Cirongilio de Tracia, 
por Bernardo de Vargas, folio, red morocco. Sevil. 1545. 501. 

■216, Espeio de PrinCipefe, y Cavalleros. En el qual se cuentan los im- 
mortales hechog del Cavallero .dei, Febo, y de su hermano Ro- 
eicler, hijos del grande Emperador Trebacio, con las altas caval- 
leriag y mi^y estranos amores de la Princessa Claridiana, y de 



679 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

otros altos Principes y Cavalleros, 4 parts in 2 vol. folio, PS- 
USUALLY RARE, black moTOcco, Carogo^a, 1617 & 1623. 38/. \'is. 
The only complete edition of this rare and excellent romance. 
Don Quixote could not decide which was the better knight, Pal- 
merin of England or Amadis of Gaul. " But Master Nicholas, 
Barber-Surgeon of the same town, affirmed that none ever came 
up to THE knight OF THE SUN," The first part is ascribed by 
, Antonio to Don Hurtadd de Mendoya. The second part, con- 
taining many poetical pieces, is written by Pedro de la Sierra ; 
the third and fourth by Martinez. 
"724. Cervantes, El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha, 2 vol. 

FIRST EDITION OF EACH PART, EXTREMELY RARE, fifie COpy, bouud 

in russia, gilt leaves. Madrid, 1605 &1615. 42/. 

"725. Cervantes, El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quixote, 4lo. second edition, 
revised by Cervantes, bound in russia, Madrid, 1608, 12/. 12*. 
The curious Bibliographer should possess both the first and second 
editions of Don Quixote, on account of the alterations made by 
Cervantes in the second. 

833. Salustio, la Conjuracion de Catalyna y la Guerra de Jugurta, fol, 
with maps and plates, original edition, best paper, a magnifi- 
cent copy , bound (out of sheets by Walther) in red morocco. Ma'- 
drid, iban.a, 1772. 23/. 2s. 
One of the most splendid productions of the Spanish press. 
This celebrated translation was made by the Infant Don Gabriel 
of ^ain. The Appendix contains very curious illustrations of 
the ^Language, Coins, and Antiquities of the Phoenicians, by 
Bayer. 

853. Syr Johan Froyssart's Cronycles of Englande, Fraunce, and Spayne, 
translated by Syr Johan Bourchier, Lorde Berners, 2 vol. folio, 
bound in russia, by R. Payne, imprinted by Myddylton and Pynson. 
1525. 38/. 17*. 

The beauty of this copy cannot be surpassed. 
858. Holinshed's Chronicles, 4 vol. folio, best edition, with the origi- 
nal CASTRATIONS, LARGE PAPER, bound in russia, by H, Payne, 
1586. 59/. 17s, 

A magnificent copy, presumed to be the finest extant. 
913. Monstrelet, Chroniquesde France, 3 vol. in 2, best edition, large 
PAPER, from the Thuanus collection, red morocco, Paris, 1572. 
136/. 10s.. 

This matchless copy is one of the finest books in Colonel Stanley's 
Collection. It excited the warmest admiration of the late 'Mr. 
Cracherode, and has recently receiyed that of the most eminent 
amateurs. The paper appears to me to be superior in quality 
to every other large paper I have seen, and I suspect was fur- 
nished to the printer expressly for this Copy by the De Thou 
family. Vigneul-Marville, in his Melange d'Hi$toir« et de Litte- 



BRITISH PRIVATE LiMARIES. 679 

rature, sajns, " Messieurs -De Thou, qui ont ete si long-temi 
Chez nous, la gloire et I'orDement des .Belles Lettres, n'avoient 
pas seulement la noble passion de remplir leur Biblioth^ue 
d'excellens livres qu'ils faisoient rechercher par tonte I'Eorope; 
ils £toi6nt encore tres-curieox que ces Livres fossent parfaite- 
ment bien conditionnesi Qnand il s'lmprimoit en france, et 
in^me dans ies Pais etrangers, quelque bon livre, ils en falsoient 
tirer deux ou trois exemplaires pour eux, sur de beau et grand 
papier qu'Us fidsoitlnt faire etupris." In what instance could they 
be more likely to do so than in the publication of one of the most 
interesting of their National Chronicles ? (Mir. Evans's note.) 

526. Guicdardrni, Istoria d'ltalia, 4 Vol. 4to. The best and uncastrat^ 
edition, large paper, extremely rare, hound in blue morocc0 
(tyut of sheets) by Widther. Fribourg, (Florence), 'WIS. 22i If. 
The text in this edition is printed entire from the Manuscript in 
the Ma'gliabecchi Library at Florence. The copies upon large 
paper Baay be reckoned atncng the rarest of modern books. 

1004. Collectiones Peregrinationum in Indiam Orientalem et in Indiam 
Occidentalem, XXV. Partibus comprefaensae, et Figuris .ffineis 
a Theodoro De Bry illustrate, "7 Vol. folio, blVe mOrocco. Franc 
1590-1. 546/. (Bought by the Duke of Devonshire). , 
The excessive rarity ot X complete copy of de Brt's Voyages is 
wkit. EMow'N. De Bure devotes 118 pages 'of his Bibliography 
to a minute description of the peculiarities which should be found 
in a perfect set. 1'his copy is most beautiful in every respect ; 
and from the profu^ixyn of duplicate opiates and pwts, may be 
deemed unique. \ In one of the volumes is the following memo- 
randum in the band-writing of Mr. Edwards: " [n this s^t I find 
every map, variation, &c. according to the Bibliographie, with 
both editions of the first nine Parts (of the Voyages to the West 
Indies,) some op which were not known to thb author of the 
Bibliography, and duplicates of Parts 10 and 11. Likewise a 
considerable number of duplicate plates, where the impression 
could be mended." Not donbting the accuracy of Mr. Edwards, 
but anxious to speak from my own personal knowledge on an 
article of so much importance, I have scrupulously compared this 
c6py with the minute detail in De Bui-e, &nd aiii able to con- 
firm Mr. Edwards's tesUmony My k second collation. The ex- 
treme rarity, and expense of obtaining c<^>ies of De Bry, render 
it improbable that another amateur will be found suiliciently 
ardent and careless of money, to sacrifice various copies to form 
one which might rival this ; ai<d even if the iUcIination subsisted, 
it may be doubted whetfter opportunities would ocbur. Thi» 
copy will, therefore, most probably, remain unique, and (to 
twrrow the impressive words of a FreUch Bibliogr^faer upon an- 
other occasion) one of those rarities, " aui »E SE presentent 
MS DEDX Fois dans LB coulis OE LA VIE, Bt qu'il faut saisir au 
vol comme des oiseaux de paiseage; le veritable ama'teur est 
drdeilt, ce qu'il dfeirfi devient un b^soih, et il laisse bien rare- 
m'ent ichapper une occasion ab'lt ne rencontrera jamais." 

iffibe. ifuMhSs his Pitgri'mes aiid pilgrimage, 5 vol. folio, with the rare 
Jhmtitpiece, and Jive, portraits qf the persons to whtym WacS volume it 



680 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

dedicated, inserted. An extraordinary fine copV, hound in mssia. 
1625. SOI. 8s. 

1112. Sagard, le grand Voyage du Pays des Hurons, aveo un Bictionnaire 

de la Langne Huroniie, 8vo. mor., Paris, 1632. 15^ 
Extremely rare and singularly curious. The Dictionary is almost 
always wanting. Richarderie had evidently never seen a copy 
of this work, for, contrary to his usual and satisfactory practice 
of detailing the title at full length, he only gives a meagre ex- 
tract, without any mention of the Dictionary. Thirty years ago 
Lord Monboddo made diligent enquiries after this work, he could 
only hear of two copies, one in the Museum, and the other ia 
the French King's Library. He borrowed it from the latter. " It 
was the perusal of this Dictionary," says he, " and the account 
of the language prefixed ta it, that first made me think of this 
work on the Origin and Progress of Language." Sagard's ac- 
count of the Hurons abounds in curious and entertaining matter. 
Their language is very defective. It has neither tenses, persons, 
numbers, or genders. The Hurons supply the deficiency Ijy 
accents only, by means of which too they impart different sigdi- 
fications ,to the same word. The philosopher, the critic, and 
the reader for mere amusement, will be amply gratified by the 
contents of this singular volume. 

1113. Acuiia Nuevo Descubrimiento dej Gran Rio de las AmazQuas, 4to. 

ExcEssrcELY RARE, red morocco. Madrid, 1641. 161. 
AcuiTa, a Missionary Jesuit, was dispatched by the Spanish Go- 
vernment to obtain circumstantial information respecting the 
River of the Amazons, and the best means of rendering its na- 
vigation easy and advantageous. On his return be presented 
the following work, which was printed at the expense of the King, 
The impression was scarcely completed, when the Spanish Court 
beard of the Portugueze devolution, tlie loss of the Brazils, and 
the Colony of Para on the mouth of the Amazon ; fearing there- 
fore that this work, no longer useful to themselves, might afford 
important information to the enemy, it was suppressed, and the 
utmost diligence employed to regain and destroy the few copies 
which bad gone forth. This accounts for its unusual rarity. 

1117, Relacion del Viaje de los' Capitanes Bartolome Garcia de Nodal, 
y Gon$alo de Nodal al Descubrimiento del Estrecbo nuebo de S. 
Vicente y Recouosimio del de Magellanesj con los Servicios de 
los Capitanes Nodales, 4to. with the chart, extremely rare, yelw 
low morocco, Madrid, 1621. 311. 10s. 
In the Catalogue of Crofts's Library it is stated that there was 
only one other copy known in England, which was in the Bri- 
tish Museum, but wanted the chart. De Bure and Richarderie 
give a caution on that head. This copy contains all the pieces 
mentioned by De .Bnre, and is perfect in every respect. 
For the length of this extract, the rarity of the articles above in- 
troduced and Mr. Evans's valuable bibliographical notices which 
accompany them, will (we trust) be deemed an ample apology: 
would the limits of this volume have permitted, their number 
might without much difficulty be trebled ! The catalogue of the 
Bibliolheca Stankiana, ought to have a place in pvery biblio^raT 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 681 

phical collection: the number of articles was only 1136, and" 
the produce of the 8 days' sale was 8232/. 

A Catalogue of the very valuable Library, late the 
property of John Horne Tooke, Esq., of Wimbledon 
(deceased); including several early.jprinted works by 
Pynson, Wynkyn de Worde, &c. Many of the most 
celebrated works are enriched by his valuable notes, 
observations, and corrections, &c. 1813. 
1813 lots sold by Messrs. King and Lochee. The works exe- 
cuted in black letter produced considerable sums : as, how- 
ever, so many articles of this description are given from the 
Alchorne, Roxburghe, and Willet catalogues, we think the 
reader will be most gratified by a few instances, selectedirom 
those, works, which are known to have been fevourite ob- 
jects of study with Mr. Tooke, and which were illustrated 
with his MS. remarks. 
No. 

98. Burke on the French revolution, 8to. 1796, 3/. 12s. Bought by 
Mr. Heber. 
364. Johnson's Dictionary, 2 vols. fol. ItiS. This was enriched with a 
great number of observations. 200/. Major James. 
We understand the Rev. J.Todd will introduce the most valuable 
of these, into his new edition of Br, Johnson's Dictionary, now 
preparing for the press. 
S74. Godwin's Enquirer, 1797, 8vo. 51. ISs. 
316. Harris's Hermes, 8vo. 16/. Messrs. Longman, Rees, & Co. 
424. Locke on the Human Understanding, 2 vols. 8vo. 13/. Mr. Heber, 
435,- Locke's Works, 3 vols. fd. 1727. 18/. Mr. Maltby. 
433. Lowth's English Grammar, 8vo. 1769. 5/. \0s. Mr. Maltby. 
441.' Lye's Dictionarium Anglo-Saxonicum. 1772, foL 34/, Messrs, 

Longman & Co. 
476. Monboddo on Language, 2 vols. 8vo. 1773. SI. Is. 6d. Mr. 

Heber, 
505. Oswald on Common Sense, 2 vols. 8vo. 1772. 4/. 3s. Mr. Stace, 
540. Piozzi's Synonymy, 2 vols, 8vo. 1794. 4/. 13*. Mr. Heber. 
555. Ritson's Remarks on Shakespeare, 8vo. 7/. 2s. 6d. Mr. Stace. 
652. Skinner's Etymological Lexicon, 1686, folio. 7/. 17s. 6d. Mr, 
Heber, .., ^ 

658. Spelman's Glossary, fol. 1687, 3/, 17s. Mr. Stace, 
'76ff, Vbssii O^n, 6 vols, Amst. 1701. 12/. 12s. Cuthell. 



683 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. 

115. Warton's Histoty of EmgJish Poetry, 3 vols. 4to. 9/. Mr. Stace. 
■785. Whiter's Etymologicon Magnum, 4to. 1800. 3/. 11*. Mr. Heber. 
906. A very numerous collection of cards and volumes in 4to., a pre- 
paiiation for a new dictionary by Mr. Tooke. 43/. Mr. Bro(Aes. 

A Catalogue of the magnificent Library, Books of 
Prints, and Manuscripts, of the late most noble George, 
Marquis of Townshend, &c. P. S. A., and F. R. S. 
1812. 8vo. 

This library was particularly rich in English Topography and 
History : the following very few specimens will evince the 
taste of the noble collector, and the value of bis collection. 
No. I. »■ d. 

C14. Burton's I)escription of Leioestersbire, vikk MSS. notes 

by the Marquis of Townshend - - - 5 

£40, Caxton's Cronycle of Englonde, with the Fruyte of 
Tymes, compyled in a Boke, and also emprynted 
by one sometyme scolemayster of Seynt Albons. The 
tille, fimr leaves and part of affth written, otherwise 
aiiery fine copy. Printed by Wynkin de Worde, 1497 34 

649. Chauncy's Historical Antiquities of Hertfordshire, with 

a few MSS. notes - - - 13 

851. Dart's Hist, and Antiq. of Westminster Abbey, 2 vols. 



15 





6 10 


6 


52 10 





16 15 






1051. Dugdale's Antiq. of Warwickshire, 1656, folio 

1052. ^-^-^-^ and Dodswoith's Monasticon Anglicanum, 

1661, 65, 73. 3 vols, folio 

1054. Baronage of England, 1675, 76, 2 vols, folio 

1384. Thomas Hearne's Works, (principally historical and 

antiquarian), 63 vols, (a few reprints) - 74 1 1 

1713. Cough's Sepulchral Monuments of Great Britain, 5 vols. 

folio, large paper, 1786—96 - - 73 10 

1753. Holland's Heroologia Anglica, folio, 1620 - 10 10 

2437. Montfaucon's Antiquite expliqii^e, IS vols, et Monu- 

mens de la Monarchic Franpoise, S vols : — 3 vote. 

uniformly bound - • . . 63 

2451. Museum Florentinum, 11 vols, folio. Tiiulis, Flor. 

1731-65 - - . - 69 « 

8458. Nichols's Hist, of Leicestershite, vols. 1—3, in 4 vols. 

andvol. 4. part I. /6fgepBp*f. 1795— 1810 . 3S 14 « 



Si 10 





157 10 





12 12 


0, 


29 






BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 683 

No. /.*<?. 

SS98. ^ very curious 4to vol. o{ tracts relative to the rooB, 

&c. 151S— 1744 - - 

266G. Piranesl, Opere Varie, 14 vols, folio 
287B. Rushwortb's Historical Collections, 8 vols., 1. p. 
2879. Rymer's Foedera, 20 vols, folio. Lond. 1727—35 
3376. Voyages Pittoresqties, dans la Suisse, Naples et Sicilie, 

Malta, &c. 12 vols, folio. Paris, 1780—86 168 

341S. Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting and Catalogue of £it- 

gravers, 5 vols. 4to., portraits. Strawberry Hill 13 13 

The total number of articles or lots was 3,534, "which were 
sold by Messrs. Leigh and Sotheby in May 1813, and pro- 
duced 5,74:51. 6s. 6d. 

Bibliotheca Westiana : a Catalogue of the curious and 
truly valuable Library of the late James West, Esq., 
P.R.S., &c. 8vo. London, 1773. 

This precious collection of early printed books, and works 
relative to English literature and Antiquities, was sold in 
March and April, 1773. It comprised 4,653 articles, which 
have been so copiously analysed by Mr. Dibdin (Bibliom. 
pp.499 — 509.) as to render any additional remarks unneces- 
sary. The few following articles are taken at random, in order 
to give to the bibliographical student some idea of the extra- 
ordinary prices now given for rare and curious books. 

The proufiytable book for man's soule produced, at Mr. West's sale, 
Sl,i at the Roxburghe 'S3\e, 1402.; Alchorne, 9M. 10;. 

The Mirror of the World, West^ 9,1. \3s. ; Roxbarght, 3SU. \Ss. ! 

Golden Legend, West, 12/. 15s.; Bioxbwrghx, (imperfect copy) 31/.; 
Alchorne, 82/. 19s. 

Tulle, of Old Age and Friendship, West, 51. lOs.; Roxikrghe, llSl. ; 
Willeit, 210/. / 

The boke of St. Albans, West, 13/. j Bdcimtgie, lit I. 

Speculum Christian!, printed by Machlinia, West, 9/. 9*. j Alchorne, 
34/. 13s. . • 

, Fayte of Arms, &c. West, 10/. 10s. ; Roxbur^he, .336/, 
A short memoir of Mr. West occurs in Lit. An, of 18th 
cent vol. vi. pp. 344, 345. 

Catalogue of the Library of Books, among which arc 



«84 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

several early printed, together with a numerous assem- 
blage of Portraits, late the property of Joseph White, 
Esq., deceased. 1810, 8vo. 
1,257 lots, sold by Messrs. King and Lochee in Nov. 1810, 

and comprising many rare tracts relative to English history 

and antiquities. 

Merly Library. A Catalogue of the well known and 
celebrated Library of the late Ralph Willett, Esq., . 
brought from his seat at Merly, in the county of Dor- 
set. 18^3, 8vo. 

Never, perhaps, since the sales of the Askew, RatclifFe, West, 
and Beauclerk libraries, was so choice a collection of early 
printed b6oks brought suh hasid .-'never were the feelings of 
Bibliomaniacs iji such lively exercise, as during the sale of 
Mr. Willett's precious cabinet of typographical Bijoux. " If 
ever there was a unique collection, this was one." The 
following is a short specimen, necessarily confined to those 
articles, which produced the highest sums. 
No. 
96. Aretini (Trancisci) Oratoris preclarissinii in eloquentissimas Phala> 
ridis tyranni epistolas per ipsum e Grsco in Latinum versas, 4to. 
S5l. U. 
Hoc Opusculum in Alma universitate Oxonie. A Natali christiano 
Duceutessima et nonagesima septima Olimpiade foeliciter im- 
pressum e (est?). Hoc Theodericus rood quern collonia misit San- 
guiem g'maiius nobile possit opvs atque sibi socins thonias fnit an.. 
glicus hunte. — ^This was bought by Mr, Dibdin for Earl Spencer. 
105. Augustinus (Aur,) de Singularitate Clericorum, blue morocco, gilt 
leaves (Colonite) Olricus zel de Hanau, mcccclxviu 

(This is the second book, with a dale, in which the Tiame of Ulric Zel 
clears as the printer. ) 

132. Aquino (S. Thomae de) Secunda SecundiE, Editio Princeps, initial 
letters illuminated, blue morocco, gilt leaves. Moguntia, Petrus 
Schoiffer, mcccclxvii. 18i 

133. ' Catena in quatuor Evangelia, ex recognitions 

Joan. Andres, Epi. Aleriensis, Editio Pkinceps, 2 torn, with 
initial letters illuminated, blue morocco, gilt'leanes. Roma, Com. 
Sweynheim et Arnoldus Pannartz, McccCLxif. 131. I3s. 

149, Augustinus (S. Aurelius) de Civitate dei, Editio Primcefi, grew 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 68* 



No. 



moTocco. In Monasterio Sublacensi, f Conrad. Sweynheym et At' 

noldus PannarixJ mcccclxvii. 17/. lis. 
151 Aulus Gellius, ex recognitione Joan. Andreas, et cum ejuadem pra- 

fatione ad Paulum II. Editio Prinoeps, red moroeeo, gilt leaves. 

Roma;, in Domo Petri de Maxims, moccclxix. 42/. 
153. russia, ib. mcccclxxu. 16/. 16f. 

283. Biblia Polyglotta, sludio opera et impensis Cardinalis Francisci 

Ximenes de Cisneros, 6 torn, gift leaves. Con^lut. de Brocario, 
1514—17. 63/. 

284. Sacra Polyglotta, a E. Waltono, et Castelli (Edm.) Lexicon, 

cum iconibus, 8 torn. 1657—69. 53/. lis. 

285. sacra Latina, 2 torn, red morocco, gilt leaves. Moguniia, 

Johannes Fust et Pelrus Schoeffer de Gernskeym, MccccLxii. 105/. 
(See De Bure, No. 25*. Page 42.^ 

S86. ■^- III red morocco, gilt leaves. Nbrimbergie, Antonius 

Coburger, mcCcclxxv. 10/. 15*. 

287. ■ PRINTED ON VEttUM, uiitk initial letters beauti- 
fully illuminated, 2 vol. bound in red morocco, gilt leaves. Venetiis 
JNicolaus Jenson, mcccclxxvi. 1 68/. This precious book now en- 
riches the library of the Duke of Devonshire. 

288. Germannice, without name of Printer, Place, or Date. 

15/. 15s. 
This is considered to be the First Edition of the Sible in the 
German eangu'a<3e. 

9S6. Biblia Pauperum, sive Historiae veteris et Novi Testamenti, fignrii 
representatae, PRINTED from wood-bi.ocks, blue morocco, gilt leaves. 
245 guineas. 
This work is placed by Heineken as the first in the order of those 
books which were printed by means of wooden blocks ; and a 
very particular description of this Edition will be found in Schel- 
hom's Amcenitates Literariae, vol. iv. p. 293 — 300. See also the 
Idee Generale, &c. p. 292-^06. The present was a very fine 
copy ; each leaf, in its original form and dimensions, being in- 
laid : and the whole bound in blue morocco. Purchased for the 
Marquis of Blandford. — From the last page or plate of this rare 
specimen of block -printing, onr specimen has been engraved. See 
an account of this work in the Appendix, No. I. 

412. Bonifacii, Paps VII. Liber sextus decretalium, 'cum apparatu Job. 
Andres, printed on vellum, red morocco, gilt leaves. Moguntia, 
Petrus Schmffer, mcccclxxiii. 27/. 6*. 

445. De Bry, Collectiones Peregrinationum in Indiam Orientalem et In- 
diam Occidentalem, XTtV. piartibus comprehensse; Opus illus- 
tratum, Jiguris emeis fratrum de Bry et Meriani, 1 torn, blue mo- 
Tocco, gilt leaves. Francofurti, 1590—1634. 



686 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. 

Note. — ^The above is a very fine copy of this rare Book, and if 
complete, according to De Bare, except 10 leaves published by 
Marian in 1634, at the end of the first part; Part Uh the Map; 
Parted, of the 'id. Collection a Dedkatory Preface of John Hughes, 
of Lintscol; Part 3d. a Map of New Zembla ; Pari 9. three plates. 
126i. This and the following article were bought by Messrs. Arch 
and Co. 

SSI. Cathohcon — Balbi de Salbis vel Jphannis de Janua quae vocatur 
Catholicon, Editio Princeps, yellow morocco, gilt leanies. Mo- 
guntitB (per Joannem Gutenberg), mccccix. 601. 18«. 

604. Chess. — ^The Game and Playe of the Chesse, Translated out of the 
French, and imprinted by William Caxton,, wood cuts, red mor 
rocco, gilt leaves, no Place or Date, Second Edition, llsl. 5s. 
Purchased by the Duke of Devonshire. 

607. Ciceronis (M. Tullii) Epistolse ad M. Brutum, ad Q. Fratrem, ad 
Octavium, et ad Atticum j ex recognitione Jo. Andreas et cum 
ejus epistola ad Paulum ii, Editio Princeps, russia. Rmrue, 
Conrad Sweynheym et Arnold Pannar^y mcccclxx. 3U. 10*. 

609. Ciceronis Officia, printed on veilum, with the Initial Letters illumi- 
nated. Bound in red morocco, gilt leaves, Mogtmt. Jokan Fust, 
MCCCCLXVI. tSl. 10>. 

611'. Rhetoricoram Libri IV. et de Inventione Libri II. ex re- 

censione Omniboui lieoniceni, Editio Princeps, yellow morocco. 
Venetiis, Nicolaus Jensen, kcccclxx. 182. 13$. 

612. The Boke of Tulle of Old Age and Friepdghip, &c. rmiia, Enr- 
printed by' me sympie Persons, William Caxton. mccccixxxi. 
210/. 

719. Clementis, Papse Quinti, Constitutiones, cum apparatu Joh. Andrx, 
Episcopi Aleriensis, Editio Princeps, printed on vellum, bound 
in blue morocco, giit leaves. Moguntia, Joh. Fust et Petrus Schoiffer 
de Gernsheim, mcccclx. 66/. 3i. 

754. Dictes and Sayengis of the Philosophers, red morocco, gilt leaves. 
Reverse of Ust leaf, Et sic est Finis. Emprynted by me Wil- 
liam CaxtOn, at Weslmestre, the Yereof ourLord wccccixxvii. 
263/. Ite. 

893. Durandi (Guillelmi) Rationale divinorum Officiorum, Editio 
Princeps, printed on Vellum, 2 torn, russia. Moguntite, Joh. 
Fust et Petrum Schoiffer de Gernsheim,, mcccclix, 27/. 6f. 

996. Galenus de^Affectorum Locorum Notitia, Libri sex, Guilielmo Copo 

Basiliensi Interprete, printed, on vellum,. ref/mozaccp, gilt leaves, 

Paris, in Offidna Henrici Stephani, 1513, 23/. 2$. 

1059, Gower (John) Confessio Amantis. Emprynted at Westmestre, by me 

William Caxton, and fynysshed the 11th Day of Septembre, the 



BRITISH PBIVATE LIBRARIES. 687 

No. 

fyrst Yere of the Regne 06 Kyng Richard the Thyrd, the Yere 

of our Herd Mcccctxxxiii. (misprint Mccccxcm.) 3151. 
1195. Higden's. (Ranulph) Policronycon, fll leaves. at beginning, 10 at 

end MS./ Caxton, mcccclxxxii. 27/. 6s. 
1204. Homeri Opera Graece, cum prefatione grseca Demetrii Ghaleondyla 

et latina Bernard! Nerlii, Editio Prihceps, 2 torn, vellum, gilt 

leaves. FlmentiiE, Mccccixxxviii. 88/. 4s. 
1206. Homeri Opera Grsce, cum Gommentariis Eusthathii et Indice, Gr. 

4tom. inS, redmoroeco, giltleaves. Somte, 1542^—50. 58/. 16*. 

1209. Horatius Flaccus (Quintus) y4fo}«e a»rej, loci et typograpU Indicat, 

blue morocco — /'Circa mcccclxxii.) See De Bure, No. 2711-,' 
page 312; also Santander, vol.3, page 34. SIT. 16s. 

1210. — -^^-^_^___ rej morocco, gill leaves. Mediolani, Ant. 

Zarottus, MccccLXXiv. This is the first Edition with a date; but 
this- Copy wants the second Volume, which contains the Com- 
mentaries of Aero and Porphyrio. 18/. 18s. These two articles 
were bought by the Duke of Devonshire. 

1340. Johannis Sancti Erangelistae Historia, ejusque visiones apocalyp- 
ticaei paiNTED FROM WOODEN BLOCKS, green morocco, gilt leaves. 
This Edition is considered by Heinekea as the first of those of 
the ApociUppse printed from wooden blocks; but it is doubtful 
whether it be not the second, or even third. The Copy undei; 
description is in very fine and genuine condition in old French- 
green morocco binding. 42/. This and the following article were 
bought by Messrs. Arch. 

1371. Lactantii Firmiani Opera, Editio Princefs, red moroccoy gilt leaves. 
In.Memasterio Sublacensi, mcccclxv. 40/. 19s. 

1559.. I.yndewode (Wilhelmi) Constitutiones provinciales Ecclesie An- 
glicanae. Westmonasterium, Wynandum de WOrde, mccccxcvj. 
51. 15s. Bought by Mr. Dibdin. 

1629. Mons Perfectionis. Emprynted by Rycbarde Pynsoninthe 13th 
yere of our souerayne lorde Kynge Henry VIII. — Abbaye of the 
Holy Ghost. Emprynted at Westmestre by Wynkyn de Worde, 
91. 19s. 6d. 

1672, Mirrour of the Worldeor Thymage of the same, redmoroeco, gilt 
/eaves (Second Edition). Caxton, me fieri fecit. 136/. 10s. Bought , 
by Messrs. Longman and Co. 

1777. Orologium Sapiencie. Thus endeth this present boke. composed of 
dinerse fruytfull ghostly maters of whiche the forseyde names 
followen to thentent that wel disposed persones that desiren to 
here or rede ghostly Informacons maye the sooner knowe by this 
lityll Iqtytelyng theffectis of this sayd lytyll volume, in asmoche 
as the hole content of this lytyll boke is not of one mater oonly 
as here after ye maye knowe. 

7 



688 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

The fyrst treatyse is named Orologium Sapiencie with VII. cJistpf- 

tours foUowynge, sbewyng VII. poyntes of true loue of euer- 

lastyng Wisdom. 
The seconde treatyse sheweth VII. prouffytes of tribujacyon wyth 

XII. chapytours foUowynge. 
The tbyrde treatyse sheweth the holy rule of Saynt Benet whiche 

is right necessary to be knowen to ai men and Wymen, of Reli- 

gyori that underetonde noo laten whiche sheweth VVVIII. poy ntei 

to be obserued. 
Emprynted at Westmystre (by William Caxton) by desiryng of 

certejm Worshipful! persones. — See Dibdin's Ames, vol. 1st. p. 

330, &c. \9U. Ss. Bought by Mr. Dibdin for Earl Spencer. 

1823. Petrarca (Francesco) Sonetti e Triomphi. Edizione prima, ruled with 
red lines, bound in russia, gilt leaves. Venetiis VindeL de Spija, 
MccccLXX. (wanting^ Table Alphabetique, 7 leaves.) 521. Ws. 
Bought by Messrs. Arch. 

1999. Plautus, ex recensione Georgii Alexandrini. Venet, Joan, de Colonia, 

MCCCCIXXII. 211. I 

2026. Prynne's (Wra.) Records, with frontispiece to second volume, 3 vol. 

ntssia, lAROE PAPER — 1665 — ^70. Note in vol. 2. — Dr. Rawlin- 
son told me there were only twenty-three copies of this volume 
remaining in England, the rest having been burnt with Ratcliffe's 
warehouses in the Fire of London, 166B. J. West. 152/. 5*. 

2027. Psalmorum Codex, Latine, pointed on viLLtiM, hound in black mo- 

rocco, gilt leaves. Moguntiie, Johannes Fust et Petrus Schoiffer df 
Gernsheim, mcccclix. 63/. This is the second edition of the 
Hentz Psalter. The beautiful initial letter B. is the same as in 
the edit, of 1457. See a fac-simile of' it supra p. 251. 

2130. The Boke named the Royall. Enprynted at London in Fletestrete 
at the sygne of the sonne, by Wynkyn de worde, 1507. 11/. 11*. 

2138. Saona (Laurencii Guilelmi de) ordinis minorum Rbetorica Nova. 
Impressum fuit hoc presens opus Rethorice facultatis apud viU 
1am sancti Albani, Anno domini, mcccclxxx. 79/. 16j. 

2172. Rive's (Abbe de la) Specimens of Illuminations from Missals, from 
the l4th to the 17th Century, coloured, with a MS. account of 
each plate, red morocco, gilt leaves. 25/. 4i. Bought by Mr. 
Dibdin. This appears to have been originally In the splendid 
collection of M. Paris de Meyzieiix. See Bib. Paris. No. 145. 

9293. Incipit Liber qui vocatur Speculum Christiani /Ames qf Norjolk 
copy.) 31 /. 
Iste Libellus impressus est in opuleotissima Civitate Londoniarum 
per me Willelmum de Machlinia ad instanciam necnon expensas 
Henrici Urankenbergb mercatofis. > 

S306. Sulpitii Verulani oratoris prestantissimi opus insigne (Srammaticum 
fcliciter incipit, Lond. per Bichardum Pyason, hccccxciv. 42/. 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 689 

No. 

2345. Speculum Humanae Salvationis, printed from wooden biocks, cum 

.figuris ligno incisis, blue morocco, 3151. 
Note. — This is the First Edition of the Latin Publication under 
the above name; and seems conformable to the designation of it 
given by Heinecken, at page 444 of his Idee Generale, &c. It 
IS, in consequence, exceedingly ciirious; as presenting a speci- 
men of a very early printed boolt, of which a third part is ex- 
ecuted from BLOCKS, both in the cuts and the type: of the re- 
maining two third parts, the cuts are uniformly executed on 
wood, and the text is printed from metal types. The facsimile 
which Heinecken has given of the first two c;uts,.and of part of 
the text, is very much inferior lo the original : an inference 
which Heinecken himself is compelled to admit. It is now in the 
Marquis of Blandford's library. Our specimen (see Appendix, 
No. I ) is a fac-simile of this very rare work. 

2346. Speculum Humanae Salvationis. , Belgioe, cum figuris ligno incisis, 

red morocco, 252^. 
Nate., — Meerman has been more fortunate in his fac-simile of the 
£rst two cuts of this impression, than Heineckep in those of the 
preceding one. The fac-simile of the type is, however, much 
inferior in strength and proportion. The cuts are all executed 
upon wood; and worked off, like the previous ones, in bislre- 
euloured ink. The type is uniformly metal, and the ink very 
black. Bought by Messrs. Longman and Co. It has since passed 
into the splendid collection of Earl Spencer. 

2505. Tewrdannchts ! on' les Avantures periUeuses du fameux Heros et 

Chevalier Tewrdanncths, ecrites en vers Teutoniques ; par Mef- 

chior Pfintziiig, et ornees de belles figures allegoriques, gravees 

en bois, Premiere Edition. NurMberg, t517. Bought by Mr. 

- ' • Triphook. 14/. 14*. 

2714. Zamorensis Episcopi (Roderici Sancil vel potius Sanchez de Arevalo) 
Speculum vitse Humanae, Editio Princeps, red morocco, gilt 
leaves, wanting Alphabetical Table. Eomce, Conradus Sweynheim et 
Amoldus Ponnartz, Mccccixviif. 8/. Ss. 

MISSALS ON VELLUM. 

2718. Hore divine virginis Marie,, secundum usum Somanum, a gold 
horde)- aroiind each leaf, with 90 large and small illuminations 
' f Printed J Paris, Opera Egydii Hardouyn, 41. 10s. 
2717. Missale Romanum, wfM 43 illuminations, the borders and initials of 
many pages enriched an^ illuminated. Printed, 9,1. 1 2f . 6d. 

3719. Missale Romanum, with 103 large and small illuminations, the 

margins round each are beautifully painted with fiowers, bound in 
■ old red morooco, 4to. This belonged to Philip Carteret Webb, 
■' . ■ .Esq. 20/. 

3720. Missale Komandm, supposed to be about the 16th Century, con- 

taining 73 capital liLUMINATIOSS, THS BORDERS MOST DELICATELY 

y Y 



69d CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

No. 

AND BiGHiY riNisBED, wUh grotesquB jipires, ornaments, fiawm, 
fruits, insects, 5fc. The Utters of the text highly enriched with 
goM,l05l. 
N. B. This Splendid Missal belonged to Mr. West. 
The last three articles were purchased by Mr, Foster. 
Thomas Hearne's Poblicatioks. 

1104. Aluredi Beverlacensis Historia, LARGE PAPER. Oxon. 1116, 211. 

1 105. Robert; de Avesbury, Historia de Mirabilibus gestis Edvardi II. plate, 

ii,.. n30. 61. 

LARGE PAPER ^°' \ '_ 

1106. Beiiedictus Abbas Petroburgensis, de Vita et Gestis Henrici II. et 

Kicardi I. 2 torn, large paper — »*• ITSS. 251. is. 

1107. Thomse Caii Vindiciae Aatiquitatis Academiae Oxoniensis, 2 torn. 

LARGE PAPER . ' , '!>■ 1730.rl3t 13.. 

1108. Gulielmi Camdeni Rerum Anglicanarum Annales, portraits, 3 vol. 

Ifn. 21. Is. 

1109. Collection of Curious Discourses, written by Eminent Antiquaries, 

LARGE PAPER, red moTocco, gilt leaves. Oxford, 1120. il. 10s, 

1110. Henrici Dodwelli de Parma Equestri Woodwardiana Dissertatio, 

plates, LARGE PAPER — — OxOtl. lllS. 51. 

1111. Adami de Demerham Historia de Rebus gestis Glastoniensibus, 

2 torn. LARGE PAPER — — 84.172'?. Ill lU 

1112. ChronicoB sive Annales Prioratus de Dunstaple, 2 torn, large 

PAPER _ _ _ ib. 1733. 15!. 

1113. ThomsE de Elmham Vita et Gesta Henrici Quinti, large paper 

ib. 1727. 8/. Ss. 

1114. Johannis de Forduni Scotichronicon, plate^ 5 torn, large paper 

_ _ — _ ib. 1722. 12/. 12s. 

1115. History and Aptiquities of Glastonbury, /iZoie*, large paper. Oxford, 

_ _ _ 1722. Ul. 3s. 6d. 

1116. Jobannis Glastoniensis Chronica, 2 torn, large paper, red morocco, 

gilt leaves — — Oxon. 1726. 13/, 13*. 

1117. Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle, 2 vol. large paper. Oxford, 1724. 

_ — — — 12/. 5s. 

1118. Walteri Hemingford Historia de rebus gestis Edvardi I. II. et IIL 

2 torn. lARGE PAPER. — 0x072. 1721. 5/. 

1119. 

et III. 2 torn. LARGE PAPER — lb. 1721. 28/. 7s. 

1120, Hemingi Chartularium Ecclesiae Wigorniensis, plate, 2 torn, large 
PAPER — — Oxon. 1723. 11. 15s. 

1121. . 

LARGE PAPER. ib. 1123. 111. 

1122. Peter Langtoft's Chronicle, 2 vol. large paper, Oxford, 1125. 10/. 

' ■ ' 7 



BRITISH PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 691 

No. 

1123. Johannis Lelandi Antiquarii.Qollectanea de Rebus "Britannicis, plates, ' 

6 torn. LARGE PAPER. 0x071. 1715. 131, 

1124. Itinerary of John Leland the Antiquary, plates, 9 vol. large paper 

— — — Oxford, 1746-7. 57/. 15*. 

1125. Liber Niger Scaccarii, 2 torn, large paper. Oxon. 1728. 31. is, 

1126. Titi Livii Foro-Juliensis Vita Henrici Quintij large paper, ib. 1716. 

6/. 8j. 6d. 
1121, Gulielmi Neubrigebsis Histdria, 3 torn, plates, large paper, ib. 

1719. 12/. 12f. 

1128. Tliomas Otterbourne et Johannes Whethamstede de Rebus Anglica- 

nis, 2 torn, large paper. ib. 1732. 15/. 15f. 

1129. Histdria Vitai et Regni Kicalrdi II. large paper, ti. ITSS. lOA 10s. 
X130. Gulielmi Boperi Vita D. Thomse Morij portrtUt, lauge papeb, 

— — — 1716. 26/.15f. 
il31. Johannis Rossi Antiquarii Warwicensis HistoriarerumAngliEB./ifatej 

LAHCB PAPER, — Oxen. 1745. 6/. 16*. 6d, 

1132. Thomas Sprotti Chronica, plate, large paper. H. 1719. il. 

1133. Textus Roffensis, large paper. ib. 1720. 4?. 

1134. Johannis de Trokelowe Annates Edvardi II. large paper, ib. 1729. 

21/. 

J 135. Vindication of those who take the Oath of Allegiance, portrait of 

Hearne andplate, large paper. — 1731; 51, 5s, 

Of these Nos. 1104—07, 1119, 1124, 1131, 1134, and 1135, were 

purchased by his Grace the Duke of Devonshire. 

Here then w« terminate «ur excerpts fr<om the Merly Library ; 
of which it only remains to add, that its late learned owner 
printed (privately for the use of his friends) A Catalogue 
of the hooks in the library of Ralph Willett, Esq. at Merly 
in Dorsetshire, 1790, 8vo. and also a Description of the li- 
brary at Merly, 8vo. Copies of both these volumes are in the 
library of the Royal Institution. 

The purchaser of the sale catalogue (copies of which with 
prices and purchasers' names sell for £\. 1«.) should see 
that it has a catalogue of botanical drawings, and books 
omitted, the articles of which are numbered from 2721 to 
2906. A list of the prices, at which the articles were sold, 
was published in 8vo, shortly after the sale. 
A Catalogue of the entire and very valuable Library 

of the late Joseph Windham, Esq. 1811, 8vo. 

y y 2 



693 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

2226 articles, among which were many valuable topo- 
graphical works : the sale (of twelve days) produced ^£'4269. 



SECTION V, 

Catalogues of the principal Foreign Private Libraries*. 

Bibliotheca Jo. Ch. Adelungii exhibens apparatum 
lectissimum libroriim, tam impressorum quam manu- 
scriptorum, necnon dissertationum ad omnium fere lin- 
guarum, litteraturse, geographise, historiae, aliarumque 
doctrinarum genus spectantium. Dresdae, 1807, 8vo. 

This catalogue contained 5500 articles ; the books were an- 
nounced for sale at Dresden in the course of; 1807. From 
the eminent philological acquirements of the Adelung, it 
may be expected to contain many curious articles relative to 
the structure, &c. of languages. The present notice is de- 
rived from Peignot's Rep. Bibl. Univ. p. 76. 

. Bibliotheca Amerbachiana, sive Catalogus variormn 
et rarissimorum librorum, quos Amerbachiadss venales 
exponunt. BasUeae, 1639, 4to. 

This catalogue consists of only ninety pages ; the library de- 
scribed therein was founded by Erasmus and Boniface Amer- 
bach : it contains numerous antient editions of. great rarity, 

. and the knowledge of which is useful for the history of print- 
ing. The books were purchased by the magistrates of Basle, 
and annexed to the public library of that city. A copy of 
this rare little volume is in the British Museum. 

Catalogue des Livres de M. A. H. Anquetil du Per- 
ron. Paris, 1805, 8vo. 



See note *, page 638, 639, supra. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 695 

A curious catalogue, particularly for books in foreign lan- 
guages : the books, though very indifferently bound, fetched 
exorbitant sums. 

La Biblioteca Aprosiana, passatempo auttunnale di 
Cornelio Aspasio antivigilmi tra vagabond! di Tabbia 
detto I'Aggirato. Bologna, 1673, 12mo. (733 pages.) 

This work of Angelico Aprosio de Vintimiglia's is extremely 
rare : a second volume was announced which never ap- 
peared. John Christopher Wolfius translated the principal 
part of it into Latin under the following title : Bihliotheca 
Aprosiana, liher rarissinvus, et d nonnullis inter ansxJoTou; nu- 
meratus, jam ex lingua Italica in Latinam converms. Ham- 
burgi, 1734, 8vo, with a preface and notes. Wolfius's trans- 
lation begins at p. 262 of the original work, the preceding 
part being a confused medley, in which, however, (Peignot 
.says) some curious things are to be met with which will else- 
where be sought in vain, /Wolfius has been charged with 
translating Italian titles into Latin, in such, a manner that 
they cannot be recognized. A copy of the Latin work, 
which is also of rare occurrence, is in the British Museum. 
To this work is sometimes added Villani's Visiera Alzata, 
&c. mentioned, s«pra, p. 548. 

Catalogue des Livres du Cabinet de M. le Comt^ 
d'Artois. .. Paris, 1 783, royal Syo, or small 4to. 
A very limited number only was struck off. 

Catalogue des Livres de MM. les Avocats au parle- 
ment de Paris. (Par M. Drouet, leur bibliothecaire,) 
Paris, 1 787, 3 vols. 8vo. 
This catalogue was never published for sale. 

Bibliotheca Baluziana, seu Catalogus bibliothecae 
V. CI. Steph. Baluzii Tutelensis. Paris, 1719, 3 vols, 
12mo. 



694 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Few learned men have possessed a more extensive knowledlgt 
of MSS. and books than Baluze, the learned librarian of the 
illustrious Colbert ; whose collection of books was indebtei 
to Baluze'sdiligence for part of its richest treasures, Baluze 
died at Paris in 1718, at the age of eighty-eight years. His 
catalogue is not very common, and the third volurne is ex- 
ceedingly scarce. A copy of the two first volumes is iti the 
British Museum. 

Bibliothecse Barberinae, qua Fkanciscus BAEBERiNiJS, 
S, R. E. Gardinalis suae familiae sedes ad Quirinalem 
magnificentiores reddidit, ijidex. Romae, 1681. Tomi 
tres libros typis editos complectentes. Romae, 2 vols, 
folio. 

In this splendid catalogue the books are disposed alphabeti- 
cally : a copy of it is in the British Museum. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de feu 1' Abbe 
Bakthelemy. Paris, an IX. (1800) 8vo. 

M. Barthelemy's library was very valuable, and contained a 
great number of books which had formerly belonged to the 
celebrated Huet: its value was enhanced from many of the 
volumes containing MS. notes by Barthelemy. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de feu M. de 
Bethune Charost. , Paris, 1802, 8vo. 

In this catalogue will be found very complete collections of 
antient literary journals, both French and foreign. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de M. "Blos- 
DEL. Paris, 1797, Svo. 
Particularly rich in works of natural history. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de M. BoN- 
NEMET. Paris, 1771, 8vo. 

A small library, but containing excellent book's, particularly 
of French authors, of the best editions, and beautifully bound. 



FOREKJN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 69& 

This small collection of books was bought by M. de la Yal- 
lilre for eighteen or twepty thousand livrfs, and formed one 
of the principal ornaments of bis library, ^t the sale of which 
almost all the volumes that bad belonged to M. Bonnempt 
produced extraordinary prices. 

Catalogue des Livres rares, singuliers, et tr^s bien 
conditionn6s de feu Bonnier, ministre plenipotentiaire 
au congres de Rastadt. Paris, an VIII. 8vo. 
This catalogue contains many rare and curious articles: four 
copies of it were struck off on Dutch paper. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque du Gra/nd 
Conseil, pfl,r 1' Abbe Boudot, avec une table des auteurs. 
Paris, 1739, 8vo. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de S. E. M. 
le Comte de Boutourlin; revu J)'ai* MM. A. Barbier 
et Ch. Pougeirs, suivi d'une table des auteurs. Pairis, 
anXIIL (i805) 8vo. 

This catalogue was printed at the Comte de B.'s expense, for 
presents : there are a few copies on fine vellum paper. 

Catalogue des Livres de M. (Claude Gros) de Boze. 

Paris, iinprim. rayalei H^S, small folio. 

A very valuable edition of an equally valuable catalogue : M. 
de Boze, the collector of this library, is advantageously known 
;^s ,the author otHistoire de I'Academie royale 4es Inscriptions 
et Belles Lettres, &c. P?ris, IT.^O, Sv^, f he catalogue was 
compiled in 1'?'43, by Bqudot, the father, a bookseller, though 
not published by him in 1745. (Barbier, Diet, des Ajjonymes, 
vol. II. No. 8002.) A considerable difference in opinion 
exists among bibliographers as to the number of copies 
struck off. It is ceii-fain that the impression copsisted only 
of a small numbeir : Bauer fixes the number £(t twenty-five. 
De Bure (and after him Foumier) at fifty; others at thirty- 



696 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF ' 

six. The edition of 1745, however, is every Way preferable 
to that of 1753, by Martin, on account of the beauty of its 
exectition, and also because it is understood to contain some 
notices x)f works which are not included in the latter. Mar- 
tin's catalogue of 1753 (in -Svo.) is comparatively of little 
value without the prices. M. Peignot mentions a third ca- 
talogue of part of this library, intituled. Catalogue' des Livres 
provenant de la Bihliotheque du M. de Boze. Paris, 1754, Svo. 
At the beginning of which is a note stating that part of the 
books having- been taken out of M. de Boze's library, it was 
thought proper to publish a catalogue of such as remained, 
and which were to be offered for sale. 
All these catalogues are worthy of a place in every bibliogra- 
phical collection. 

Notice des Livres precieux de M. Bozerian, la plu- 
part relies par lui, ou broch^s et en feuiUfis. Paris, an 
VI. (1798) 8vp. 

Another Catalogue of the same. Paris, 1811, Svo. 

These small catalogues are curious, both on account of the 
selection of the editions described, as well as the beautiful 
execution of the bindings. 

Joh. Gott. Immanuel Breitkopf Bibliotheca. Lip- 
sise, 1798, 99, 2 vols. Svo. 
A rare and interesting catalogue. 

Index librorura ab inventa Typographiae ad annum 
1500, aLaire, 1791, 2 vols. Svo. 

See a notice of this work, supra, p. 538, in addition to which 
it may be stated that this truly precious collection formerly 
belonged to the Cardinal Lomenie de Brienne, and was sold 
at Paris in 1793, Many of the articles described are of ex- 
treme rarity : the number of works sold was 1371, of articles 
withdrawn 38; and the sale produced 106,324 livres 19 sous. 
Of this well printed catalogue, as well as of the following. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 697 

there are a few copies on large paper. The four alphabetical 
tables or indexes appended to these volumes are rather calcu- 
lated to perplex than to facilitate reference. 

Catalogue des Livres precieux de M. de B. . . . (Lo- 
menie de Bkienn'e). Paris, 1792, 8 vo.' 
Peignot mentions a third catalogue of books, belonging to the 
same judicious collector, compiled by M. Mauge, and pub- 
lished in 1797, 8vo. 

Catajogus Bibliothecae Bruhlian^. Dresdae, 1750 
r^56, i vols, folio. 

The books described in this catalogue ^ now form par4, of the 
King of Saxony's library at Dresden. 

Catalogue d'une partie des Livres de la Bibliotheque 
de Rich. Franc. Phil. Brunck. Strasbourg, an IX. 
(1801), 8vo. 

Of peculiar value to collectors of editions of the classics : this 
catalogue is very rich in beautiful editions and fine Greek 

works. 

Bibliotheca Bultelliana; seu Catalogus Bibliothecae 
Car. BuLTEAu, digestus a Gab. Martin, cum indice 
auctorum alphabetico. Paris, 1711, 2 vols. 12mo. 

A copy of this well executed catalogue is in the British Mu- 
seum, and also in the library of the .London Institution. 
M. Bulteau, who formed the library described, was particu- 
larly skilled in profane history,: he, died jn 1710, aged 84 
years. 

Catalogus Bibliothecae Bunavian^. Lipsise, torn. i. 
17S0. torn, ii, 1753. torn. iii. 1755, 4to. 

This excellent catalogue was compiled by J. M. Franckius : 
the three volumes are usually bound in six or seven. The 
catalogue was never completed : and the books described in 
it are deposited in the royal library at Dresden. The method 



698 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

of filassification is extremely minute ; the titles pf bpoks are 
given 3t length ; ^nd the compiler )ias not contented himself 
with giving a very methodical list of works on every subject, 
but has ala^ cited parts .of other works which relate . to the 
same subject. To eacji of the .three vols, is prefixed a very 
copious bibliographical system of the subjects treated therein : 
and at the end of the 3d, 4th, and 6th, (or 7th) vols, there are 
alphabetical tables of the authors cited in the work. 

Catalogue desLivres du cabinet de M. A. B. Caillaed. 
Paris, 1805, royal 8vo. 

Of this catalogue, 25 copies only were struck off, on Dutch 
paper : for the. sale (which took place at the close of 1810), 
it was reprinted in 8vo, on ordinary paper, and 25 copies 
were oiJ royal Dutch paper. The titles of the book's are 
clearly stated, and some bibliographical notices are introp 
duced. As a sale catalogue, it is a very good one, sqys IjtI. 
Peignot; but, as a cata,logue published by an opulent and 
well informed amateur, it ought to have contained much 
more than mere titles ; and M. Caillard was competent to 
have enriched it with numerous instructive and curious 
ryotes. 

Catalogue rdsonne des principaux manuscrits du 
cabinet de M. Jos. L. D. Cambis. Avignon, 1770,. 
4to. 

A very limited impression was executed of this catalogue: 
some copies have 519 pages, while others have 766; this 
difference was caused by the author having published descrip- 
tions of additional MSS., which he had purchased after be had 
4istributed paijt of tibjg editioi), Soqie errors in this catalogue 
(says Peignot) We,iie coi;re9te$| by Jthe .irasciife Abbe Rivf, 
who treated M. Cambis very roughly. Consult particularly 
his Chasse auk £«6/«ograpte, pp. 150, 187, 275, 285, 294, 
399, 300,' 303^ 304.' Notwithstanding the diatribes of Rive, 
this catalogue is in great request. (Peig. Rep. Bib. Spec, 
p. 38.) 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 699 

Gatatogue des Livres de M. L. C. D. L. (le OAMya 
DE Limabe). Paris, Didot, 1779, 12mo. 
Of this catalogue a very small number (Brunet says 25) wa» 
printed ; and, having never been exposed to sale, it is ex- 
ceedingly rare. This, he observes, constitutes its sole merit : 
it contains 150 pages. The catalogue of the same library, 
published by De Bure in 1786, 8vo, though more common, 
is every way preferable : the sale prices are printed in it. 
This catalogue is distinguished by a beautiful and very rich 
series of the best woris on tiatural history, v^hich sold at very 
high prices. A i^Vd, catalogue was published )?y Sant<;i5, ?i< 
Paris, in 1795, 8vo, 

CaMogue des Z^mes da Cabinet de feu M. Arniand 

Gaston Camus, archi\d&te. Paris, 1805, 8vo. 

M. -Camus died in 1804: his- catalogue will claim a place on 

every bibliographer's shelf. To considerable learning h^ 

added a very extensive knowledge of books : several pieces .(rf 

his are noticed in the course of. this work. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de feu M. J. 
Chenieb, de rinstitut de Franc?, precede d'une no- 
tice historique sur sa vie et ses ouvrages. PariS| 1811, 
8vo. ■ 

Curious for the selection of articles, and the beauty of their 
bindings. The books consisted of the finest productions of 
the Giunta, Aldine, Elzevir, Didot, and other presses, toge- 
ther with many curious tracts. The sale took place in 
August and September 1811, and the books produced high 
prices. 

BiblipthecQ. Coisliniana, olim Se^ieri&na, sive manu- 
scriptorum jpmiiiiup^ graecormn, quae in ea contin^ntyy, 
accurata descriptio : ^ccedwnt anecdota mwto, quae 3d 
palseographiam pertinent, ex eidetn bibiiolJiec^ de- 



fOO CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

sumpta, cum interpretatione latina stiidio et operi Ber- 
nardi de Montfaucbn. Paris, 1715, folio. 
The MSS. described in this very valuable catalogue are about 
400 in number. Many of them were obtained from the 
monasteries on Mount Athos. Montfaucon describes each 
MS., ascertains its age, and endeavours, by conjecture, to 
fix the time when it appeared. A considerable number of 
the MSS. formerly belonging to the chancellor Seguier, is in 
the British Museum. • 

BibliotJieca Colbertina : seu Catalogus Librorum Bib- 
liothecae, quae fuit primum ill. V. D. J. B. Colbert, 
regni administri, deinde ill. D. J. B. Colbert march, de 
Seignelay,! postea rev. et ill. D. J. Nic. Colbert, Rotho- 
magensis.arcliiepiscopi, ac demum ill. D. Caroli Leo- 
norii Colbert, Comitis de Seignelay. Paris, 1 728, 
S vols. 8vo. ' 

These three volumes, which are very rarely to be met with, 
contain accounts of a great number of scarce and curious 
works: the first keeper of the Colberline library was the ce- 
lebrated Baluze (noticed p. 694, supra). A copy of this ca- 
talogue is in the British Museum. 

Bibliotheca, sive Antiquitates Urbis Constantinopo- 
liiTAN^ (curante Joanne Hartungo). Argentorati, 
1578, 4to. 

One of the rarest bibliographical tracts extant : a copy (No. 
6521), in the Duke of Roxburghe's library, was sold to the 
Rev. T. F. Dibdin, for 11. Us. 6d. As neither De Bure, 
Brunet, Fournier, nor any other bibliographers (Peignot 
excepted, who gives two lines to his notice), have described 
this work,' the following' particulars, extracted from the pre- 
face to the -Roxbiirghe catalogue may not be unacceptable.^ 
Hartung's Bibliotheca, with the exception "of a few notices of 
antiquities, consists chiefly of a-catalogue of MSS. of several 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 701r 

(according to Peignot, of eight) priyale libraries of Constan- 
tinople : it has no other introduction than some flattering 
verses, addressed by Geo. Calaminius. to the editor. It there- 
fore leaves the reader in ignorance, by, what, means Hartung 
came to the knowledge of these MSS., many of which have 
come down to the present times ; while others are only known 
to us by scattered fragments, or by the melancholy reflexion 
that they once existed ! Such is the following : " Menandri 
" coMCEDiJE iNTEGRs 24, explicat<B a Michaele Psello." (Bi- 
bfioth. Const, p. 10). This little tract, coilsisting of only 
twenly-four leaves in small quarto, is of the most uncommon 
occurrence,' and was unknown to Possevin, Levallatius, and 
Lambecius. See Pref. to Roxb. Cat. pp. 12 — 14, which 
contains a curious account of plagiarism committed by Du 
Verdier in his Biblioth.. Fran9., relative to this very book. 
A short account of Hartung is given by Mr. Beloe, Anec- 
dotes, vol. V. pp. 325—327. 

Bibliothecse Joannis Cordesii Catalogus, cum 

Indice titulonun. Paris, 1643, 4to. 

This highly- esteemed and; now rare catalogue was compiled 
by the celebrated Gabriel Naude, agreeably to the method 
recommended in his ^di^ii pouT dresser une Bibllotheque: 
Jean de Cokdes, canon of limoges, was an e^tcelient judge 
of books, of which he was passionately fond, and' often de- 
barred hirpself of the necessaries of life, that he might in- 
crease his library! On his death, in 1642 (aged 72), his 
books were purchased by Cardinal Mazarine j and on the 
dispersion of his library, the valuable MSS. passed into the 
Royal Library. Naude has prefixed to the catalogue an in- 
teresting eulogium on his patron : a copy of it is in- the Bri- 
tish Museum. 

Catalogue des Livres rares et precieux et de manu- 
^crits, composant la bibliotheque de M. - (de Cotte). 
Paris, an XII. 1804j 8vo. 



f02 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

An interestrag catalogue, of <vbich there are a few copies On 
large paper : itiany of the articles described sold at exor- 
bitant prices. Some of the most curious articles were pur- 
, chased by M. Didet, and are noticed in his catalogue, whiiih 
is described infra, p. 703, 704. 

Catalogue de la Biblioth^que de M. Couvay. 1^4- 
ris, 1728, folio. 
This catalogue was never intended for sale j the impression was 

very limited, and whoUy distributed among the proprietor's 

friends. 

Catalogue Raisonn^ de la Collection de Livres de 
M. Pierre- Antoiue Ckevenna. (Amst.) 1776, 6 vols. 
4to. 

An excdlent and rare work, in which the editiones prmctpes 
are accurately described, and the mistakes of De Bure occa- 
sionally corrected : it is indispensable to the bibliographical 
itiident. Peigtic/t mentions that he has seen two copses on 
fine Dutch paper, one of which is, in the libraiy rf the 
arsenal. The London Institution possesses a copy of this 
Work. 

Catalogue Raisonne des Livres de la Biblioth^due 
de Pierre- Antoine Bolongaro Crevenha. Amst. 1789, 
S vols. Svo. 

This is the sale catalogue, of which 50 copies were struck pff 
in 4tto, on fine Dutch paper. It contains a greater number of 
articles than the preceding catal(^ue, but there are few not^s : 
the galp of the books described ip it took place in 1789, dur- 
ing M. Crevenna's life. The sale prices are printed at the 
end of vol. I., in Dutch florins. After his death appeared 
Caialoguq de la Bihliotheque de feu M. Pierre- Antoine Bo- 
longaro Crevenna. Amst. I793, 6»o. It contairis a select 
number of works, particularly on literary history, which the 
learned collector had reserved for his owti use. It is becoDae 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 703 

rare. All these catalogues are both valuable and useful to 
the bibliographer. 

Catalogue des Livres, etc. etc. de la Biblioth^que de 
feu J. F. G. Decler. Paris, an X. (1802), 8vo. 
This catalogue contains some curious articles, particularly to 

bibliographers: many of them relate to the infancy of 

printin g. 

Catalogue des Livres de feu M. Fr. Ambr. Didot 
Taine, ancien imprimeur. Pari$, an XIII. (1804), 8vo. 

Catalogue des Livres de M. F. D. (Firmin Didot). 

Paris, 1808, 8vo. 

M. Didot, having purchased the fine library of M. Naigeon, 
in 1808 sold such books as he had no farther occasion to 
keep, together with some duphcates, and several books be- 
longing to his own private library, which he disposed of in 
1811. The catalogue of it is announced in the following 
article. 

Catalogue des Livres rares, precieux, et tres bien 
conditionnes, du Cabinet de M. Firmin Didot. Paris, 
1810, 8vo. 

1018 articles. — Ho catalogue (Peignot justly remarks) ever 
before presented, in a thousand articles, such a rich assem- 
blage of beautiful and rare editions of the classics ; all the 
copies of which were selected by M. Didot, or previously by 
M. Naigeon, and possessed a degree of beauty truly extraor- 
dinary and remarkable. Peignot adds, that 25 copies were 
struck off in royal vellum paper. What prices these books 
fetched we have no means of ascertaining ; but how truly the 
collection was called, both " rare" and "precious," the few 
following articles will sufficiently assert. 

EABLY PRINTED BOOKS. 

The Bible, executed by Gutenborg and Fust, at Mayence, 1456; Au- 
en'stine de Ckitate Dei, Mognntja!, 1467; S. Thomse Sicunda Seemida, 



704 CATALOGUES, EtC. OF 

, Moguntiae, 1467 ; Constitutiones dementis V. Moguntiae, 1467, on 
vellum; Seneca PMlosopU Opera, Neapoli, 1475, edit, pnnceps ; Plinii 
Hist. Naturalis, Venetiis, 1469, edit, princeps; the Catholicon of Joannes 
, de Janua, Moguntiae, 1460; Isocrate's, Milan, 1493; Ciceronis Opera, 
Florentije, Apud Juntas, 1536, 4 torn, in 5 vols, folio, a most superb 
copy, formerly Grolier's, and purchased by Didot, at M. Cotte's sale ia 
1804, for 14,185 francs; Poeta grceci prinapes, apud H. Steph. 1566, 
2 vols, folio, large paper ; Homeri Opera, Florence, 14S8 ; Virgilius, Spira, 
1470, a superb copy, on vellum ; SUius Italicus, Sweynheym and Pan- 
narts, 1471; Terence, Mentelin; Ptolenueus, Bononiae, 1 462 ; Po/yiia*, 
Romoe, 1473, mdLivy, Spira, 1470; Tacitus, Spira, 1468, &c. &c. 

MANUSCRIPTS. 

Several liturgical books of the 15th century, executed in the most 
splendid style imaginable ; a beautiful collection of books painted iu 
China (the description of which fills 6 closely printed pages of M.Didot's 
catalogue); Piautus, a MS. of the 14th century, on white Tellum ; Sonetti 
e Canwni di Petrarca, a MS. on vellum, in 96mo, eleven lines in height 
by seven lines and a half in breadth, having from 47 to 50 lines or verses 
iq a page ! This may give some idea of the extreme delicacy of the writing. 
This MS. was also ornamented with several -well designed vignettes; 
Aulus Gellius, of the 15th century; Parts of Tacitus, of the 14th cen- 
tury, &c. 

MODERN PRINTED BOOKS. 

Of these, the variety and splendid conditions were such, that we 
can only notice two articles, 1 . Publius Virgilius Metro, Parisiis e typo- 
graphia Petri Didot, 1798, royal folio, 3 vols, in sheets. An unique copy, 
PRINTED ON VELLUM,, ornamented with 23 original designs, by the celebrat- 
ed painters, MM. David, Girodet, and Gerard. A notice in the preface 
intimated, that this work would not be sold for less than 12,000 franco 
3. CEuvres de Jean Racine, Paris, Didot, 1801, 3 vols, royal folio, in sheets. 
An unique copy, printed on vellum, and ornamented with 57 original 
designs by the first artists in France. " The elegance of the characters 
(says M. Didot) and the typographical execution of the work, which 
surpass every thing that is beautiful in France, render this work tbe 
Chef-d'oeuvre of typography, of every country, and every age." (Cat. p. 
96.) Ihirty-.tKo thousand (raocs were stated as the lowest sum at which 
this superb article would be sold. 

The value of M. Didot's library was enhanced by the splendor of the 
bindings, which were executed by De Rome, Padeloup, Deseuille, and 
particularly MM. Bozerian, father and son. The catalogue is illustrated 
with a few bibliographical notes ; but these, and the general rarity of the 
articles described, claim for it a conspicuous place in every bibliogra- 
phical collection. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 705 

Bibilotheea D'Orvilliana : sive Catalogus librorum 
instructiss, Bibliothecae viri summi D. Jacobi Philippi 
3>'Obvii,lh, dum in viyis esset. Amst. [I764<] 8vo. 

As M. D'Orville was one of the most eminent critics of the 
last century, this circumstance will give his catalogue a place 
in every collection, which relates to classical literature and 
antiquities. Copies are in the British Museum and London 
Institution. D'Orville was professor of history, eloquence, 
and Greek, at Amsterdam, from 1736 to 1742, and filled 
that office with the greatest reputation. He resigned it, in 
order to devote himself wholly to study and composition : 
his worts are highly esteemed for their critical acumen. 
B'Orville died in 1751. 

BjbliotheAa Duboisiana,: ou catalogue de la biblio- 
tl^6que de feu son eminence \e cardinal Du Bois^ 
recueillie ci-devaant par M. I'Abbe Bignon. A h Haye, 
1725, 4vols.Svo. 

An elepnt and well-chosen ccJlection : a copy jof this cata- 
logue is in it^e British Museum. 

Catalogus Librorum bibliothecae Caroli Hieronymi 
de Cistiemay Du Fay, digestus et descriptus a Gabriele 
Martin, cum indice alphabetico. Paris, 1725, 8vo. 

A well executed Catalogue of a rich and judicious collection 
of books. 

Catalogue des Livres de M. d'ENNEEY. Paris, 1786. 
Contains «iapy curious woiks relative to antiquities apd 
numismatics : a copy of it i;i in tijp library of the Lpndoji 
Ji)stitHtion, 

Bibliotheca manoseritta^i Tow. pins. FaAsettj (da 
J. INfcrelli). Venezia, 1771—80, 2 vols. 12hxo. 
A work held in very high estimation. 

z z 



706 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Catalogus Librorumbibliothecse Joachimi FaultriEBj 
digestus a Prospero Marchand. Paris,' 1709,. 8vo. 

T^eAvis au lecteur to this catalogue contains a brief bat in- 
teresting notice of the collector, M. Faultrier : in the preface^ 
Martin has given the bibliographical system, according to 
which the books are arranged ; and to this succeeds a tabic 
of the classes and sections of the catalogue, in which be 
reduces his theory to practice. This system was the basis 
of De Bure's, (see p. 558, supra.) Gabriel Martin, , the 
author of it, was an eminent bookseller at Paris, distinguished 
more by his probity and urbanity of manners than by skill 
in his profession. He died in 1761, aged 83 years; and 
between 1705 and that year, he drew up (with the aid of his 
son Claude Martin) 148 catalogues of libraries, 22 of which 
are furnished with tables of authors. All his catalogues are 
esteemed, particularly those of MM. de Boze, Balteau, 
Colbert, Du Fay, Hoym, Faultrier, &c; &c. Peignot, Diet, 
de Bibliol. tom. i. p. 422. torn. ii. p. 236. . 

Catalogue des Livres de la bibliotheque de feu M, 
I'Abbe Favier, pretre, a Lille. Lille, 1765, 8vo. — Cata- 
logue de» Estampes et Tableaux du Cabinet de feu 
M. rAbb4 Favier. Lille, 1765, 8vo. 

Both these voluminous catalogues attest the taste and immense 
researches of the Abbe Favier: his library contained an 
almost complete collection of works relative to the history of 
the Netherlands, and of Lille in particular ; it was also rich 
in foreign literature. 

Catalogo deUa Libreria Floncel; osiade'libri Italian! 
del signor Alberto Francesop Floncel, con annotazioni 
da lui medesimo apposte a diverse libri, e indice alfabetico 
degli autori. Paris, 1774, 2 vols. 8vo. 

This catalogue will be exceedingly useful to collectors of 
Italian hterature. 

7 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 707 

Catalogue des Livres de M. L, J. Gaignat. Paris, 
1769, 8vo. 

This valuable and highly esteemed catalogue forms a continu- 
ation to De Bure's Bibl. Instruct, see p. 532, supra. The 
erudite notices it contains render it indispensable to the biblio- 
graphical student. 50 copies were taken off, on 4to. paper. 

Catalogue des Livres du cabinet de M. G. D. P. 
(GiRARDOT de Prefond) avec une table d'auteurs et 
quelques ^claircissements sur la rarete des livres et le 
cboix d'editions. Par Guillaume-Fran9ois De Bure. 
Paris, 1757, 8vo. 

This catalogue has long and deservedly been esteemed : large 
paper copies are scarce and dear. It is terminated by a list 
of the variorum editions, in 945 vols, which sold for 1 600 
livres. • A list of the editions ad Umm Delphini, in 60 vols. 
4to. and by a table of authors. 
Catalogue des Livres de la biblioth^que du Comte 

Alexis de.GoLOWKiN. Leipsic, 1798, royal 4to. 

This very curious catalogue consists of 100 pages, and con- 
tains .only the rarest and most valuable articles. Twemy-five 
copies only were struck off, on indifferent paper : the typo- 
graphical part is not very correct. Only two copies are 
known to be in France. In this country, we believe, it is 
unknown. 

Catalogue des Livres rares et pr^caeux de feu M. 
GouTTARD, avec une table des auteurs. Paris, 1780. 
8vo. 

A beautiful collection of classics. Desirable as this catalogue 
is to the collector, it is not very common ; some copies are 
on large paper. 
Catalogue des Livres de feu J. B. G. Haillet de 

Couronne. Paris, 1811, 8vo, 
z z 2 



708 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

As M. HaiUet not only possessed great taste for bibliographj', 

but was also well skilled in that science ; the class gf literary 

history is the most numerous,^ and most of the works were 

illustrated by his notes. 

Bibliotheca Heinsiana: sive Catalogus Librorunj, 

quGS magno studio, dum viveret, coUegit Nicolaus 

Heinsius, Dan. fil. Lug. Bat. 1682, 12mo. 

A copy of this catalogue is in the British Museum, enriched 
with the MS. notes of Colomies : this collection of books com- 
prised every thing that was rare and valuable ', and deserves 
' a place in the bibliographer's library. Copies are not very 
dear, unless they have Heinsius's portrait, which is usually 
wantinjf. 

Catalogue des Livxes de la biblioth^gue de M. *** 
(Heurtault). Paris, 1805, 8vo. 

A curious collection of books on agriculture, formed by M. 
Heurtault, who printed a small number of the catalogue at 
his own expense. The catalogue was compiled by Ml. 
Barbier, jun. aind has a table of authors. 

Bibliotheca Hohend'orfiatia : ou 'Catalogue de la 
bibiioth^que de feu Monsieur George Guillaume Baron 
de HoHENDORF. A la Haye, 1720, 8vo. 

This library, which was one of the most curious in Europe, 
was sold, entire, to the emperor Charles VI. arid now forins 
part of the literary treasures in the imperial library at 
Vieima. The books are classed according to their forms, 
and amount to nearly 7000 articles.' This catal6gue is very 
rich, particularly in splendid editions, MSS. and printed 
books, illustrated with MS. notes : a «opy of it is in the 
British Museum. 

Catalogus LibrorumbibUothecse CaroliHemici Comi- 
tis de HoYM, •digestus et descriptus a Gabriele Maytin, 
eum indite Auctorum alpbabetico. P^s, 17S8, 8vo. 



"FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 709 

One eif the most deservedly esteemed of Martinis catalo^iies : 
the books in Count Hoym's fine library are ^itsily known by 
his arms, which are sfcamped on each of the covei's. The sin- 
gular beauty of their binding, and their perfect stgte of preser^ 
vation never fail to produce a smart competition, whenever 
any of them are offered for sale. A considerable number 
of the Count's books was in M. Didot's library. 

Bibliotheca Hulsiana : sive Catalogus Librortiro, quos 
magno labore collegit vir consularis Samuel Huisius. 
Hag. Com. 1730, 8vo. i vols, in 6 parts. 

A copy of this excellent catalogue is in the British Museum : 
the books were sold by Messrs. Swart and De Hondt, at the 
Hague, in 1730. A short analysis of the catalogue is given 
by Mr. Dibdin (Bibhom. p. 110). 

Catalog^!? Librorum bibliothecae Josephi Renati 
Imperialis, cardinalis, editore Justo Foijtanini. Romas, 
1711, folio. 

In this afejy executed cptajogue, the bQ^ks aj;e given alpha- 
betically, accordir^ to the author'? na-mes, with a special 
notice also of et/ery detached tract, letter, dissertation, .&c. 
occurring in the great collections^ of councils, the Biblio- 
theca Patrum, the Thesauri of Graevius, Gropovius, &c. &c. 
It is greatly to be desired, Peignot justly remarks, that cata- 
logues of great libraries should be cojiipiled in a similar 
manner, which is so well calculated to faciliJi^te the inquiries 
of the studious. Fraukius adopted this exQelJent plan in co^n- 
piling the Bibliotheca. Bunaviana : and we add with pkar 
sure, that a somewhat similar method is adopted in the ca- 
talogue of the Signet Library, and in those of the lloyal and 
London Institutions. In the conclave of 1730, Cardinal 
Imperiali wanted only one vote, to be elected pope : on his 
death in 1737, he bequeathed his splendid library to the 
public. 



710 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Catalogue des Livres rares et de manuscrits curieux 
(de M. Jardel, de Soissons). Paris, 1Y73, 8vo. 
Warty copies only were struck off^ and circulated on the Con- 
tinent by the proprietor, in the hope of meeting with a 
purchaser for his library. In this object, M. Jardel was dis- 
appointed. On his death, a sale catalogue of part of his 
lAvres precieux manuscrits et imprimis was printed at Paris, 
an VII. (1799) in 8vo. 

Catalogue des Livres de M. J. (Jeliotte). Paris, 
1783, Svo. 

The collector of this library was a celebrated singer at Paris : 
his catalogue is curious on account of the Italian books it 
contains; they are classed according to the singular plan 
recommended by the Abbe Rive. Three or four copies were 
struck ofi^ on large Dutch paper. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de la Maison 
professe des ci-devant Jesuites; avec une table des au- 
teurs. Paris, 1764, 8vo. 

Catalogus Manuscriptorum codicum coUegii Claro- 
montani, &c. uterque digestus et notis illustratus (a Fr. 
Clement, et L. G. Oudard Feudrix de Brequigni). Paris, 
1764, Svo. 

This catalogue describes the books in the Jesuits' College at 
Clermont, which, on the dispersion of that Society, was called 
the College of Louis le Grand, and latterly, the Imperial Ly- 
ceum. The whole of their MSS. was purchased by Meerman 
in 1764, for 15,000 livres. 

Catalogue des Livres choisis dans les diiFerentes Bib- 
lioth6ques des ci-devant Jesuites desPays-Bas. BruxeUes, 
1780, 8vo. 
A few copies of this catalogue are on large paper. 

Bibliothpque Universelle, choisie, ancienne et moderne, 
contenant une tres-curieuse collection de livres, comme 
aussi plusieurs anciens manuscrits, recueillis a grand fraix 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 711 

par feu M. Henri Justice, de Rufforth, Escuier. A La 

Haye, 1763 (in two parts), 8vo. 

The first part of this very curious catalogue contains 1658 

articles ; the second, 4356 articles. The whole was sold by 
auction at the Hague, in October, November, and December, 
1763. A copy of the entire catalogue is among the Uterary 
treasures of the British Museum. To the first part is pre- 
fixed a preface, in Latin, EngUsh, and French ; from whicji 
we learn that Mr. Justice (so well known in the literary world 
for his celebrated edition of Virgil, in 5 vols. 8vo.) was upr 
wards of 40 years making this collection; on which he 
bestowed great expense and pains, not only in England and 
Holland, but also in his travels through France, Flanders, 
Italy, and Germany. This collection contains the best edi- 
tions of the most eminent printers, . as the Aldi, Giunti, 
Stephens, Elzevir, &c. &c. together with numerous other 
works ; which, though of rare occurrence, are found twice, 
thrice, or oftener in the present catalogue ; which also coiii- 
prises a pretty assemblage of ancient MSS. This curioue 
catalogue will amply rep^y the researches of the studious. 
Some of the MSS. were on vellum, beautifully illuminated. 
It seem& that purchasers were not obtained for the whole of 
this library in 1763, as four years afterwards another cata- 
logue was published at the Hague, intitled, Cataiogue des 
Livres curieux et rares, en toutes sortes de facultes et langues, 
compose du restant des livres de M. Henri Justice de Rufforth, 
1767, 8vo. Tbis^last article is noticed by Peignot, who 
appears not to have known of the first catalogue, of 1763. 
Catalogue des Livres de M. de Laiande, astronome. 

Paris, 1808, 8vo. 

Catalogue des Livres, imprimis et manuscrits, de la 

Bibliotheque- du President Lamoignon (redige par L. 

Fr. Delatour), avec une table (analytique) des auteurs et 

>des anonymes. Paris, 1770, folio. 



712 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Ail ^ceedingly rare catalogue ; 16 copies only -were struck 
off, on cotton paper, manufactured par singularite at 
Angouleme. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de feu M. 

de Lamoignon. Paris, 1791, 8vO. 

The sale Catalogue of M. de Lamoignoh's fine library, which 
was purchased in 1791 by Mr. T. Payne, and has since been 
dispersed by public sale. (bibd. Bibl. p. 112.) 

Catalogue deS Livres de M. L. . . . (Lamv). Paris, 
1808, 8vo, 

An excellent catalogue ; six copies were strDck off on large 
Dutch paper. 
Catalogue des Livres precieux, et de la plus belle con- 
servation, de la Bibliotheque de M. *** (Legendre). 
Paris, 1797, 8vo. 

A small collection, but distinguished by the value 6f its arti- 
cles. Had this amateur (Peignot remarks) retained his books, 
and continued to make acquisitions with the same ardour 
with which he began, his library Would have been one of the 
finest in Paris. 

Catalogue des Livres composant la Bibliotheque de 
feu M. Matheus Lestevemon- A La Haye, 1798, Bvo. 

This catalogue indicates a considerable number of anonymous 
and pseudonymous works; but it must be consulted with 
caution. It is not exempt from typogriphicd errors, and 50 
works are ascribed to authors Who never wrote them. (Bar- 
bier, Diet, des Anonymes, No. 637.) 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de feu C. L, 
L'Heritier de Brutelle, avec un extrait de I'doge de 
UHeiitier, pat Cuvien , Parisj.l802j Svto. 

A precious collection of books, particularly in the ^lotanical 
department. Charles Louis Hdritier> to whose, botanical 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 7la 

discoveries we owe so much, was bom at Paris in 1746, and 
was assassinated by, some unknown miscreants, on the ni^t 
of August 10th, 1801, on his return home from the institute. 
(Nouv. Diet. Hist. vol. vi. p. 212.) 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de feu C. G. 

LamoignQn-MALESBERBES, avec utie table des ma- 

tieres et des auteurs. Paris, 1 797, Svo* 

This catalogue has not the alphabetical table of authors an- 
nounced in the title: it is rich in natural history and 
voyages. M. Malesfaerbes, the disinterested vindicator of 
Louis XVI. was guillotined on the 22d of April, 1794. 

Catalogue des Livres rares et precieux de M. , . . 

(Mel de Saint Ceran). !Paris, lysOy 8vo. 

A curious catalogue, which may justly be placed by the side 
of M. de Gaignat's. It is well arranged, and the Editor h^s 
in many of Tiis notes corrected some articles in the Biiliogra- 
phie Instrucitve. There are a few copies of this catalogue '' 
on large paper. A second catalogue was published at Paris 
in l'?9l; '8vo, which presents a collection of equal rarity and 
value with the former. Six copies were struck off on veUum 
papei". 

Catalpgue des Livres precieux, sih^uliers et,rares,.tant 
imprimes que manuscrits, qui composoient labibliotheque 

de M (Me'on). Paris, an XII, (1803) Svo. 

A very curious catalogue : the tables of authors and prices, 
which were piromised, have not yet been printed. 

Catalogue des Livres de Me'rard de Saint-Just, ancien 
maitre d'hotel de Monsieur, £i:ere du Roi ^aVec les pdx 
d'achat). Paris, 1783, Svo. 

Twenty-Jive copies only of this volume were struck off on 
supei-fine paper, of the manufactory of Annonay (Peighot, 
Rep. de Bib. Spec. p. 90), where an interesting account is 
given of several works of M. Merard, of which few<»pie$ 



714 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

were printed. M. Peignot mentions another Catalogue des 

livres de M, * * * (Merard de Saint-Just), Paris, Mauger, 

1799, 8»o. (Rep. Bib. Univ. p. 113.) 

Notice des Livres manuscrits et imprimes de F. Barth. 

Meeciek, ci-devant abbe de St. Leger et ancien biblio- 

thecaire de Sainte-Genevieve. Paris, an VIII. (1799) 8 vo. 

This inconsiderable catalogue (according to Peignot) is hastily 

compiled. From M. Mercier's celebrity as a bibliographer 

we should not have expected this. 

Catalogue des Livres de feu M. Millet, Seigneur de 
Montarbi. Paris, 1781, 8vo. 

Catalogue des livres de la bibliotheque de feu Mika- 
BEAU I'aine. Paris, 1791, 8vo. 

This interesting catalogue contains the whole of BufTon's 
library, which Mirabeau had purchased on the Count's de- 
cease. It is terminated by a table of authors, and a printed 
list of the prices for which the books were sold. Numerous 
bibliographical notices are inserted. There are a few copies 
on vellum paper. 
Jacobi MoKELLi, Bibliothecae regiae divi Marci Ve- 

netiarum custodis, Bibliotheca manuscripta Graeca et 

Latina. Tomus primus. Bassani, 1802, royal 8vo. 

The second volume of this learned and interesting catalogue 
has not yet appeared : the MSS. it contains are of great 
rarity and beauty ; some of them were formerly in the library 
of Mathias Corvinus, King of Hungary, at Buda. Besides a 
description of MSS. the erudite abate Morelli has frequently 
introduced extracts of various readings, &c. which impart a 
greater interest to this volume, and cause its non-continuance 
the more to be regretted. 
Catalogue d'une nombreuse collection des Livres, en 

tout genre tares et curieux. Amsterdam, Neaulme, 1763, 

3 vols. 8vo. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 715 

M. Peignot suspects this catalogue to be the same as the foUow- 
i-ng, though under a different date, the books being the same. 

Catalogue d'une nombreuse collection des Livres, 
rassembl^s par J. Neaulme. A La' Haye, 1765, 6 thin 
vols. 8vo. 

In this catalogue, which is rich in beautiful and valuable books 
in every department, a sum is affixed to each article, in Dutch 
florins, in order to serve as a kind of bidding price for the 
sale by auction, which was announced to take place at the 
Hague in 1765. 
Catalogue de la Bibliotheque de feu M. de Nok- 

MANVitiiE. Rouen, 1792, 12mo. 

Remarkable for the singularity of most of the articles it 
contains. 
Catalogue des Livres rares, precieux, et bien condi- 

tionnes du Cabinet de M. . . . (D'Ourches de Nancy). 

Par J. C. Brunet, fils. Paris, 1811, 8vo. 

This catalogue, which is very ably executed by M. Brunet, 
comprises 1571 articles. They consisted of some of the most 
antient editions of the 15th century, a fine series of most of 
the Greek and Latin classics, on large paper, books printed on 
vellum, and some splendidly illuminated MSS. beside nume- 
rous costly works on natural history. The whole were in 
very fine condition, and produced exorbitant sums. M. 
Peignot observes that, as the catalogue of M. Gaignat is 
added to De Bure's Bibliographie, so this of M. Brunet may 
be joined as an appendix to his Mqmuel de Lihraire, 

Catalogus bibliothecae, a D. Georgio Wolfgang 
Panzero multo studio coHectae. Norimb. 1806-7, 
3 vols, small 8vo. 

This valuable catalogue, unknown in England, commences 
with a short account of Panzer's life. Vol. I. contains 4691 
articles; vol. II. Nos. 4692—11,350; and vol. III. Nos, 



716 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

11,351 — 16,807. The appendix comprises 280 additional ar- 
ticles. This voluminous library was exceedingly rich in bib- 
liography and literary history. It was sold in 1807 and 1808. 
Catalogue des Livres de M. Paris de Meyzieu. Paris, 
1779, 8vo. 

Bibliotheca elegantissima Parisina: Catalogue de Li- 
vres choisis, provenant du cabinet d'un amateur tres-dis- 
tingue par son gout, &c. &c, (M. Paris de Meyzieux, 
&c. &c.) Paris, Laurent, 1791, Sro. 
Bibliotheca Parisiana. A catalogue of a collection of books 
formed hy a gentleman in France, not less conspicuous for his 
taste in distinguishing, than for his zeal in acquiring, what- 
ever of this kind was most perfect, curious, or scarce, &c. &c. 
London, 1791, 8vo. 
The English catalogue was executed by Mr. Edwards, of Pall- 
Mail, by whom this most splendid collection of books was 
sold in March, 1791 : it is Ijeautifully printed on fine Vellum 
paper, and is, perhajjs, more valuable as a book of reference 
than the French catalogue, as manyof the articles are de- 
scribed more in detail, and some exceedingly rare and curious 
works are noticed for the first time. A few copies of the 
French catalogue were struck off on vellum paper, and one 
copy on quarto; some copies have double prices, of valua- 
tion and sale ; these are both rare and dear. Though a 
sprightly account is given of the Paris sale in Mr. Dibdin's 
Bibliomania> a few additional particulars may not be unin- 
teresting to the bibliographical student. 

The collection consisted of 636 lots, which averaged 14f, an article. It 
included many first editions of the classics, books magnificently printed 
on vellnm, with illuminated paintii^s, — manuscripts on vellum, embel- 
lished with rich miniatures,— Tjooks of natural history, with the subjects ' 
coloured in the best manner, or with the original drawings,— and books lof 
the greatest splendor and rareness in the different classes of literature. 
To these were added, from another grand collection, selected articles of 
high value : the whole were in the finest condition and inbindings'supef- 
latively rich. Most of them were bound by De Rome, who was liberally 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 717 

encBuraged by M. Paris to exert his skill in adorning a lil^rary so rich 
and oiatcWess. This collection (it is justly observed m the preface to the 
Snglish priced catalogue now before us) is, for its number, fey far the 
richest and most valuable ever offered to the public j and when the diffi- 
culty of acquiring objects, so much surpassing the usual style of books, is 
considered, it becomes a wonder how the life of one person should have 
been competent to such an assemblage ! Of these, many are but very 
rarely, and after the most assiduous research, to be found ; and when 
foundj not to be obtained but at unbounded expense ; whilst others among 
them are really unique. Not a few of this collection may be considered 
as.specimens of what the munificence of Sovereigns conld produce, when 
the embellishments of literature constituted their favourite relaxations, 
and where artists of the greatest talents were stimulated to exert theiq. 
Such, among others, are the numbers remarked as belonging to the library 
of Claude d'Vife, originally formed by the accoqtplished Diana of Poictiers ; 
who availed herself of the devotioin of two Kings of France, to enrich her 
own library with the choicest treasures of theirs." — (Preface, p. vi.) That 
these remarks are not exaggerated, the few following specimens will amply 
attest. 

No. 

* 3. bis. Eiblia sacra vulgatse editionis, tribus tomis distincta (Jassu Sixt. 

V. pontifieis masimi edita) ; Eemae, ex iypograplaa apostotka vati- 

etma, infol. red morocco, 'ba^ge paper, with the arms of Sixtus 5th upon, 

the cover. 

This celebrated and scarce edition of the Bible i$ called SixtUs the 
Fifth's, having been translated and published under the direction 
of that Pontiff — as soon as it appeared it made a considerable 
noise in the church, on account of the many alterations from the 
ordinary text, and was suppressed and proscribed after thjC death 
of Sixtus. This superb copy (the only oneknawn to us on large 
paj>er) was sold for 1210 livres (50Z. 8*. id.), at the sale of Mr., 
de Limare. At M. Patis's salfi,.it produced 6U. Is. 

♦. Psaumes de David, mis en vers frahjois. Liber Proverbiorum, Para- 
bolae Salomonis, Verba Sarouelis regis, Eeclesiastes, Canticum 
•Canticorum et Ijher SaipientijB, in 8vo, ite morooco — in n case, a 
BEAOTiFOi MAMOSCRiPT UPON \ELLVts of the 16th ccuturf, tontaining . 
158 leaves, neatly written in the Roman character, .and ornamented 
.with eight very noh rmmoitmes, 6 inchesand a half by 3 and a half, the 
smbjedlsof which are, 

1. David praying before the ark;— 2. Solomon dedicating the 
Temple; —3. Bathsheba supplicatmg David ;— 4. Abishag brought 
to David ';^ — 5. David putting the crown on Solomon's head ; — 
6. Martyrdom , of S. Sebastian;—!. Solomon's Judgment; — 8. 
Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.— 14/. 14*. 

* 4. Ms. fitBLiA (Paotekdm, a collection of designs rudely out in wood, 



718 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

of the principal historical subjects in the Bible; interspersed with 
sentences above, below, in the middle, or in scrolls, according to 
the anti^nt manner of describing figures speaking, small folio, blue 
morocco, silk ends. 

A complete and beautiful copy of the greatest typographical cari- 
osity. It is done on 40 leaves, and is the more valuable that 
those leaves are not pasted double, nor the figures painted, as 
most of them were, 511. A copy of this work, at Mr. Willett's 
sale, iu 1813, ptoAvicei two hundred and foriy-Jijie guineas ! 

IS. Officium beatae Marias virginis cum calendario, in 4to. red morocco, 
covered with gold, in a morocco case. 

Manuscript on vellum, with highly-finished m^iniatures, — This book 
of prayers according to the use of the Roman church, is one of 
the richest illuminated books which exist. Besides the great 
merit in the execution of the miniatures, it has that of having be- 
longed to Francis I. king of France, and each page decorated 
with the device and cypher of this monarch. This inestimable 
MS. contains 200 pages, written in Koman characters, upon the 
finest vellum, each page enclosed in a golden cord, and the 
letter F. with a crown over it, interspersed throughout, paint- 
ed in gold, blue, red or purple. In many pages are the 
arms of France, in others a salamander in the fire, with his head 
crowned. Francis the First is said to have taken this device to 
express his bravery in supporting equally his good or bad fortuney 
it is sometimes accompanied with this motto, Nutrisco et extin- 
guo. We are at a loss how to give » satisfactpry idea of the 
beauty and richness of the admirable paiotings with which this 
book is ornamented. The composition is entirely different from 
what we see in other books of this kind, the drawing is more 
correct, and the tints more varied than could be expected at 
that period, so that it has been supposed the book being unfi- 
nished, they may have been executed by some great artist of the 
last century ; they represent the following objects : 
1. A shield surrounded with flowers, in which is painted in brilliant 
gold and blue letters, officium BEATiE MAni« Virginis. — 2. The 
arms of a French family, in whose possession the book has 
been. — 3. St. Nicholas, with the three children, in a very rich 

tablet. — 4. Annunciation of the Virgin 5. Adoration of the 

Virgin and Joseph in the stable. — 6. The Angels appearipg to 
the Shepherds. — 7. Adoration of the Magi. — 8. Presentation in 
the Temple.— 9. Flight into Egypt. — 10. Assumptionof the Vir- 
gin. — 11. Resurrection of Lazarus. — 12. David in the attitude of 
a penitent. — 13. The Trinity. — 14. Francis I. in the character 
of St. Louis, laying his hands upon patients to cure them of the 
king's evil. This book was bought from the library of the D. de 
la Valliere for 3000 livres (135i sterling). It produced at M. 
Paris's sale 109/. 4s. 

30. Mich. Serveti de Trinitatis erroribus libri septem, 1531 ; ejusdem 

Serveti de Trinitate dialogorum libri duo, et de justitia regni 

Christ! capit. quatuor, anno 1532, in 8vo, red morocco. 

OniGTNAL edition. — This rare book is perfectly comformable to the 

description in the Bibliographie of De Bure. It sold at Mr. Gaig-. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 719 

nat's sale for 60S Uvres {251.) and at the D. de la Valliere's for 
TOO. 1. (.291. 3s. 4d.)— On the present occasion, it sold for 
10?. 15s. 
, 38. Spaccio de la Bestia trionfante, proposto da Giove, effettuato dal 

conseglo, revelato da Mercurio, recitato da Sosia, udito da Sau- 

lino, registrato dal Nolano, diviso in tre dialogi, subdivisi in tre 

parti (opera di Giordano Bruno Nolano) j in Parigi, 1584, in 

8vo. 

Most beautiful copy of a book of excessive rarity, and bound with 
the utmost nicety ; it has been sold so high as HI. It brought 
at the present sale 132. 10s. 
211. Marci Manlii poetae clarissimi astronomicon ; Bononite impressum 
per me Ugonem Rugenum et dommum Bertochum, anno Domini 
1474, die vigesima martii. Laus Deo. .Amen, small fol. red 
Morocco. 301. 9s. 

This book is so scarce that many have denied its existence ; Har- 
wood's catalogue, even in the Italian edition with the additions 
of Pinelli, says nothing of it, the author of the Bibliography re- 
grets not being able to decide with certainty upon its existence, 
and says that it must remain in doubt till time or chance shall 
have brought to light some copy which will clear up the difficul- 
ties that hinder him from describing it. 

This copy being in the greatest perfection, enables us to give the 
following detail of it: — The whole work contains 88 leaves, of 
■which the first is blank — the second begins with the above title in 
capital letters, followed by 31 lines of the text in a small round 
character much resembling the edition of Juvenal and Persius at 
Brixiae, 1473, but neater and less.— Each entire page contains 
35 lines. — ^There is no register, but the volume ought to contain 
11 gatherings, of which the first has 10 leaves, including the first 
blank. — The second and third each B.-^The fourth 4, but the 3d 
leaf is only printed on one side, and the next blank. — The fifth 
10, beginning with the 3d book of Mariilius. — The sixth 8. — • 
The seventh 10. — The eighth 8, the 6 first of these leaves finish 
the poem^ tlie 7th begins with an Eulogy of Manlius, followed 
by a table of chapters contained in the 5 books ; the 8th leaf 
begins, Arattus Germanic! ad Augustum, and 'the, rest of the 
page is a table of figures meant' to be drawn in the blank spaces 
under the letter-press of the rest of the work.^ — The ninth contains 
8 leaves. — The tenth 8. —The eleventh 6, concluding with FI- 
NIS. — Bokosije impressum per me ugonem rugekium et domi- 

NUM bertochum ANNO DOMINI M CCCC IXXIV, DIE VIGESSIMA MAR- 
TII, LAUS DEO. AMEN. 

240.- Les faicts, dictes et ballades de maitre Alain Chartierj Paris, 
. Pierre leCaron, in folio, without date, bound in green velvet, va.siv 

EDITION, PRINTED ON VELLUM, 31i lOs. 

This book is in every respect as complete as can be desired, the 
grandeur of the margins, the painting of the miniatures and of 
all the capital letters, the patience and exactness with which 
each line of print is separated by nice ruling; all shew how 
much it was meant to be the distinguished ornament to some 
library. It. belonged to Claude d'.Urfe, and is in its original 



720 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

binding. This edition is supposed to have been printed about 
the year 1484. See De Bure, Bib. Instr. No. 29? 9. 
497. Cbronique deJeban de Couroy, qui est aussi uoiQpi^ la Bouca- 
chardiqe ; 2 vpl. large folio, green v^het. 
JVJIANBSCBIPT ON VELLUM.— Tlu$ beautiful book was executed about 
the middle of the Ifth century, and contains 378 leaves: it is 
ornamented with very rich borders, with arabesque ornaments, 
and six grand miniatures about 7f inches by 6 : in one is a curi- 
ous view of Babylon, built according to the style of the 15th 
eentury, and the Tower of Babel hajf finished, with the Angel 
confounding their language : Nimrod is represented as a mon- 
strous giant armed cap^^-pie, ajid holding a halbert in his right 
hand. In the beginning of this MS. we have a preface, where 
the author tells us he was named " Jehan de Courcy, a Nor- 
man knight; that in the year 1416, finding himself grow old, 
and no more fit for fields of battle, being favoured with the goods 
of fprtuoe, and seeljing repose, to avoid idleness, he was going 
to employ himself in writing ancient histories, and particularly 
those of Greece." He says, that " he will often bring in private 
histories, and conclude with moral and pious reflections." This 
John of Courcy was one of the most ancient families of Nor- 
mandy, and the name Boucachardine is formed from Achard, 
the name of a villa-ge in the signory of Rouen which belonged 
to the lords of Couroy. This copy came from the library of 
Claude d'Ujfe. 

Here our extracts must close, but whenever a copy of the 
Bibliotheea Parisiana presents itself, let the student hasten to 
procure it. 

Catalogue des Livres <Je la Bibljotheque de feu A. C. 
Patu de MellOj suivi de la notice d'une collection 
precieuse d' instruments de physique, de chimie, &c. 
avec une table des auteurs et des livres anbnymes. Pa- 
ris, an VIII. (1799) 8vo. 

This .catalogue contains some very valuable articles : the col- 
lector, M. Patu de Mcllo, is said to have been in possession 
of a beautiful cabinet of astronomical, optical, and other in- 
struments, of which he not only made no use himself, but 
would not even permit others to employ them. Such is the 
charge brought against him by La Lande. 

BibliotJieea Petaviana et Mansartiana: ou Catalogue 
des bibliotheqnes de feu Messieurs Alexandre Petau et 
Fxai;i9ois Mansakt: auxquejlfs on a aj/sute le cabinet 

3 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES, 721 

considerable des manuscrits dii fameux Justus Lipsius. 

8vo. A La Haye, 1722, 

The name of the illustrious Lipsius will ever secure attention 
to this valuable catalogue : a copy of it is in the British Mu- 
seum. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotheque de feu Ant, 
Fran9ois Petit, medecin. Paris, an V. (1796), 8vo, 
Particularly rich in natural history, medicine, surgery, and' 
pharmacy : a brief memoir of the collector is prefixed. 

Bibliotheca Maphei Pinellii Veneti, magno jam 
studio coUecta, a Jacobo Morellio Bibliothecae Venetse 
D. Marci custode descripta, et annotationibus illustrata, 
Venice, 1787, 6 vols. 8vo. 

To this catalogue was prefixed a fine portrait of Pinelli, by 
Eartolozzi : the book appears not unlike a 4to, and is so de- 
scribed (by mistake) in the catalogue of printed books in the 
British Museum. A copy, of it is also in the library of the 
London Institution. This catalogue is one of the best ever 
executed, not only from the value and number of the curious 
works described in it, but also for the valuafcle bibliographical 
notices of Morelli. The Pinelli collection of books long held 
a distinguished rank among the libraries of Europe : it was 
upwards of 200 years forming by the family, and compre- 
hended an unparalleled collection of Greek, Roman, and Ita- 
han authors, from the, origin.of printing; with many of the 
earliest editions printed on vellum, and finely illuminated ; a 
considerable number of curious Greek and Latin MSS, (bib- 
lical, legal, and .classical), from the 11th to the 16th cen- 
tury, and, the completest. specimen hitherto known to, exist, 
of an instrument written upon the antient Egyptian Pa- 
pyrus, A. D; 572. On the death of Maffei Pinelli at 
Venice (in February 1785), Messrs. Robson and Ed- 
wards, eminent booksellers of London, proceeded to Ve- 
nice, and offered to his executors such a price as they 

3a 



733- CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

found it their interest to accepti This superb- colkctioa 
was accordingly brought to England, and<sold in 1789 and 
1790, The produce of the auction was £ 9,356, which Httle 
more than reimbursed; those public-spirited gentlemen the 
expenses they had incurred. A sale catalogue was published 
at Lpn^oij in 1789j intituled, Bihliothe^a^ Pindlima : a ca- 
talogue, of. the magnificent likrary of MaffeiPii}.elli, late of Ve- 
nice, &c. &c. in one thick 8vo volume. An appendix to it 
was alscpublished. Asthe.lastedition of Dr. Harwood'^ View_ 
of the Classics (1790), and the Gent. Mag. (vol. lix. pt. II. 
p. 934) stale particulars of the prices given for many arti- 
cles, chiefly classics, at this sale; we shall only notice the 
sums-paid for two numbers, distiriguished by their unparaU 
leled rarity. The first is No. 12,«ai, the MS. on Egyp- 
tian Papyrus, above-mentioned j and the second, the Com- 
pjytensian Polyglott on- vellum. 

No. 
12801. Instrumentum in Papyro Egyptiaca, scriptum anno Ckrisli olxxii. 
This monument of antiquity wasjfic^t noticed by Philip a Turre, 
in his flissertatio Apalogeticfi.de ann\s imperii: M. Aurel. Antoniif, 
Elagabali, Sec., Patav. 1713, p.. 141.; who gave an engraved 
specimen of it : Scipio Maffei gave a representation of the vhole, 
while it was in the possession of Giusto Fontanini. {Isl. D^U 
p. 163;} It afterwards came into the hands of Signor Zuccom, 
(of whom Pinelli bought it) : and in 1758, the whole was pub^ 
lished by Zanetti, in pichiarazione .di 'un antico Papiro scritti nelP 
anno seitimo dell' imperio di Giustino il Giovine, &c. Venice, 
1768, folio. The instrument in- question is a deed of sale of s. 
builf^ingandfarmSr. situate ,in, the territory p^ ^imii^i, and exe- 
cuted. A. Q. 572 : it ia preserved, in, a frame between two glasses 
so a^ to be seen on both sides, and^s seven. Ve^etisin feet and a, 
half in length, by 11 Venetian inches in width. A fac-simile 
of Jit was given by Morelli, in the larger- catalogue of the Pi- 
nelli library, contajping, the, name of thevendpr, togetjierwit^. 
the subscriptions of the not^^ry and one of the witnesses to the. 
execution of the deed. This preclo;is relic of antiquity sold for. 
43;. If. 

4909. (The lastlot in the sale.) Biblia Polyclotta y^ttfff^ et novi let-, 
tamenii, studio et impensa Franciici Ximenes de Cisneroi, S. R.E. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 733 

Cardinalis. Compluti, de Brocaria, 1-51.4 — 11, 6 torn, folio,, /jg, 
antiq. chartk deaurdtis. ExeMflar integekrimum, splendisis* 

SIME IMPRESSUM IN' MEMBRAMIS. 

Only three copies of the Complutensian Polyglott are known to 
have been struck off on vellum i one i$ in the King of Spain's 
library; another in the Koyal Library at Turin j the third copy 
(the article above given) was sold for 48S2. to M. Macarty of 
Thbtilouse, whose collection of hooks, executed on vellum, is 
the largest belonging to any private individual in Europe. 
Priced copies of the Pinelli Sale Catalogue are both scarce and. 
dear. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Biblioth^que def ffeue Ma- 
dame la. Marquise de Fompadoub, dame du palais de 
la reine. Paris, 1765, 8vo. 

The most, prominent class in this catalogue is that of the 
drama, which is one of the most complete extant,, to the time 
when it was published. It is also curious in other respects : 
the catalogue concludes with- a table of authors and anony- 
mous writers. 

Catalogue des Livres imprimfe et manuscrits de M. 
lei Gomte Pont de Vesl6, divise en deux parties.; dont 
la premiere contient line collection presque universelle 
de'pi^eesde theatre; et' la seconde partie contient les 
antres livres. Paris, I774i 8vo. 
The first portion of the Ijooks comprised in this catalogue was 

purchased'by the Due d'Orliearis, for MadSme dfe Montesson; 

the second part, which contains no works of any importance, 

was sold by auction. 
Qatalogue des Livres rares et precieux de h Bibli- 
otheq^e de M, R— ■ (REiNOFAau))., Paris, 1804, 

8vos. 

ThecelebritiSof'M; Renouard.aB a bibliographer, will, doubt- 
less,; reudec this Otalogjlp acq^ptalile to. ev^ery bibliographical 
collectiiJn.. 
BibMotheca Graeca et Latiiiai complectens auctores. 
fer^ oimies Graeciae et Latii veteris, quorum opera vel 
3 A 2 



724 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

fragmenta setatem tulerunt, exceptis tantiun asceticis et 
theologicis patrum nuncupatorum scriptis ; cum delectu 
editiomim, tam primariarurii et rarissimarum, quam 
etiam optimarum splendidissimarum, quas usui meo pa- 
ravi Periergus Deltophilus (Count Revicsky). Bero- 
lini, 1784. 

This well printed catalogue demands a place in the collection 
of every one who is desirous of knowing the best editions of 
the classics : many of the articles are illustrated with good 
bibliographical notices. Count Revicsky's splendid library, 
which is here described^ was many years since purchased by 
Earl Spencer, and forms the basis of his splendid collection. 
(Dib. Bib. Spenc. Pref. p. ii.) A limited number only was 
printed of this catalogue ; which is consequently both scarce 
and dear. A complete copy of this edition ought to com- 
prise the three supplements (which are frequently wanting) : 
beside which, there should be prefixed a letter addressed by 

the Count to M. D — (the Abbe Denina), and a short 

advertisement on the nature of an editio pfineeps. These two 
pieces form a sheet of 16 pages, and are frequently defi- 
cient. The lists of collections of editions, ad Usum Delphini, 
Variorum, Elzetnrs, &c. &c. are very complete, and greatly 
enhance the value of this volume. The rarer articles, exe- 
cuted in the infancy of printing, are described in Mr. Dib- 
din's splendid Bibliotheca Spenceriana, which is occasionally 
enriched with notices from Count Revicsky's MS. memo- 
randa. This catalogue was reprinted at Berlin, in 1794, 8vb, 
in which are included the different supplements to the former 
impression. This second edition is well executed, and may 
be advantageously substituted (says Peignot) for ' the former, 
which possesses no other merit than that of being rare. Mr. 
Dibdin, however, pronounces the edition of 1784 to be " in 
every respect the better one." The lovers of classical Utera- 
ture are indebted to Count Revicsky for a beautiful edition 
of Fetronius, printed at Berlin, in 1785. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 735 

Catalogue de la Bibliotheque des Livres defeul'Abbe 
Rive, acquis par les citoyens Chaussard, et Colomby, 
mis en ordre par C. F. Achard. Marseille, an II. 
(1793), 8vo. 

This catalogue is of uncommon occurrence in England : the 
confessed bibliographical skill of the Abbe Rive, gives it a 
claim to every bibliographer's attention, when he is fortu- 
nate enough to meet with it. On Rive's death, in 1791, his 
library was purchased by two booksellers, for whom the late 
M. Achard compiled the present catalogue. 

Bibliotheca Roloffiana. Berlin, 1789, Svo. 
This volume, which is little known in England, deserves a 
distinguished place among catalogues: it comprises 5085 vols., 
collected during a course of 40 years by M. RololF, minister 
of the Jerusalem church at Berlin, who died in 1788. 
Among the books are many scarce and valuable works, par- 
ticularly editions of the Greek aiid Latin classics : the whole 
collection was purchased by the King of Prussia for his public 
libratry. The titles are followed by remarks and occasional 
anecdotes. (Analyt. Rev. vol. vi. p. 245.) 

Bibliotheca Rovei-iana: sive Catalogus Librorum, 
qui studiis inservierunt Matthiae Roveri. Insunt mag- 
no numero raro obvii, nonnuUi codices in pergamena aut 
cbarta scripti, et libri eruditorum manu nofati. Lug. 
Bat. 1806, 2 parts, Svo. 

A very excellent catalogue, of which some copies were struck 
ofFon fine Dutch paper: it is not of very frequent occurrence 
in this country. The bibliographical notes, which accom- 
pany it, though short, are highly satisfactory. A well writ- 
ten Latin pceface, by Benj. Peter van Wesele Scholten, gives 
an interesting account of M. Rover, who was born at Delft 
Jan. 6, 1719, and, having finished his classical studies with 
great credit to himself, practised for three years as an advo- 
cate at the Hague. ■ Averse, however, from the nOisy strife 



736 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

of the bar, he soon relinquished its honours ^nd'eiiidliHnents, 
and retired to Delft; where he resided for the iremainder of 
his life, enjoying literary intercourse with D'OrvtUe, Valcke- 
naer, Oudendorp, and other eminent literary characters. A 
gradual decay of nature terminated Rover's tranquil life, 
April 6th, 1803. An alphabetical table of authors only 
is wanting, to render this catalogue one pf the most useful 
extant. 
Catalogue des Livres de M. de SAiN-p-Af gnan. 

Paris, 1776, 8vo. 

Remarkable far the numbei- of MS. Books qf Mmrs it 
• contained^ and which, were ornamented with beautiful mi- 
niatures. 

Catalogue des jLivres de la 'Biblioth^que de feu Don 
Simon de Santandek ; par son neveu Don C. de la 
Sema Santander. Bruxelles, 4 vols. 8vo. 
A copy of this work is in the London Institution. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Bibliotb^que de M. C. de 
Ja Sema Santander, redige par lui-mSme, avec des 
notes biblio|graphiques et litteraires ; corrig^ et jiug- 
mente. Bruxelles, 1803, 4 vols. 8vo. 
This work is the same as the preceding, but considerably en- 
larged by the insertion of a, great number of cancels: it is 
one of the best catalogues extant; and the bibliographical 
notices are drawn up with great care. "Santander's library 
was sold by auction at Paris, by M. Renouard, in 1809, ht- 
tween the 16th of January and 19th of April following. A 
list of prices (Which was printed after the sdle^, ought to fol- 
low the table of authors' names. At tbe time the second 
edition of his catalogue was published, Santander ttdded a 
fifth \<&avat, hitituled : SuppUment au Catalogue des Livres de 
M- €. La Sema 'Santander, contenant, P, Des Obser^titions 
sur te Filigrane du Papier des Livres iTrtpfimes dans le quin^ 
tieme Siecle ; 2", Un niemoire, imprime en Van iv. (179S), sur 

7 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. f27 

le premier mage de signatures et des chores dan I'aM'typogra- 
phiqfie ; 3?, Une Preface Latinenrnprimee en Van viii. (1799)' 
sur la vraie Collection des Canons de S. Isidore de Seville .- 
4", Lettres servant d I' eclaircisiement de cette Preface. Brux- 
^elles, 1803, 8co. This volume contains five'large engravings, 
representing the paper-marks used in the 15th cehtiiry. 

Catalogue d'une nombreuse Collection de Livres en 

toutes sortes des Langues et Facult^s, &c. &c. prove- 

nant d'une partie de la grande Bibliotheqiie de M. Du- 

bois-ScHooNDOKP de Gand. Gand (Ghent), ISO*, Bvo. 

This immense collection contained numerous specimens of 

early typography, and scarce editionesprincipts, both Greek 

and Latin : it was sold at different 'times, 'ahd the catalogue 

was printed in several parts. 

Catalogue des Livres de la "Biljiiotheque de lil. de 
'SEcousste, avec table'd'auteurs. Paris, 17S5, 8vo. 
This catalogue is vei)y valuable, dn account of the 'infmense 

number of books it .contaiiis relative t-o the history of Fraride. 

An elage of M. de Secousse, by his brother, is -prefixed by 

way of advertisement. 

Cat&Iogfue defs Manuscrits de h, Biblioth^qde 'du 

iChdncelier Seguier. Paris, 168i&, '8V6. 

The chancellor Segaier was one of {He eibkst 'ministers and 
most upright "magistrates that ever presided m Fratice; he 
aed in 1673. Msffty <)f his MSS. afe in the Harleian Col- 
lection In the British I\/I((^euth, whifch als6 posse-sses tWee 
manuscript Inverltaires df his TN^SS. SSe Cat. Hai^I. jyTSS. 
vol III. Nos-'iAeS. », 4469, and 4488, 

Catalogue des LiVrSs dfe M. 'SfeRWis. Ifalinds, 
1808, 8vo. 
M. Servais was well siciUed in bibliography, as- the nutnertius 

MSS. of his composition attest, which are contained iti the 

pi/esent ' catalc^ue. 



738 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

Catalogue des Livres imprimis et manuscrits de la 
Bibliothfcque de M. le Prince de Soubise, Marechal 
de France. Paris, 1789, 8vo. 

The basis of this collection was the celebrated library of the 
President De Thou (noticed infra, p. 729) : it was purchased 
entire, in 1679, by the President de Menars, on whose de- 
cease it passed into the possession of the Cardinal de Rohan. 
By the continued and successive care of the cardinal and his 
successors, down to the Prince de Soubise, the library received 
constant accessions, until it became one of the most con- 
siderable in France. The books were sold by auction at Pa- 
ris, in 1789. A table of authors, and a supplement to it, 
terminate this catalogue, which Peignot censures as being 
too much abridged, and composed by a bookseller, one of 
whose qualifications was not the love of fine books. 

Bibliotheca Surenhusiana: sive Catalogus Librorum, 
quos omnes magno studio et sumptu coUegit Gulielmus 
,SuRENHUSius. Amst. (1730), 8vo. 
The collectors of biblical and rabbinical works will be repaid 
by consulting this catalogue, a copy of which is in the Bri- 
tish Museum. Surenhusius' was professor of Hebrew at Am- 
sterdam, and distinguished himself by a fine edition of the 
Mischna, with the commentaries of Maimonides and Barte- 
nora, printed at Amsterdam in 1698, 6 vols, folio, and by a 
highly valuable work in 4to, intituled, /Sj|3?io5 xaraXXayus, 
1713, in which the modes of quotation used in the, sacred 
writings are satisfactorily explained, .with great learning. 

Bibliotheca Telleriana : sive Catalogus Librorum Bib- 
iiothecae jD. D. Carol! Mauritii Le Teluek, archi- 
episcopi duels Remensis. Paris, 1693, folio. 
This well digested- cs^alogue was drawn up by Nicholas Cle- 
ment : the archbishop's library consisted of about 50,000 
vols., chosen with great judgment ; he died suddenly at Paris 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 729 

in J710i^ aged 78 years. A copy of this catalogue is in the 
British Museum. 

Catalogue des Livres de la Biblioth^que defeu Fran- 
9ois-C6sar le Tellier, Marquis de Courtanvaux ; avec 
table des auteurs. Paris, 1782, 8vo. 
A valuable catalogue, on account of the collectipQ of voyages 
. which it contains. The sale-prices were printed. 

Catalogue Bibliothecae Thuanae, ^ a clariss. VV. Pe- 
tro et Jac. Puteanis ordine alphabetico primum distri- 
butus, turn secundum scientias et artes ab Ismaele 
Bullialdo digestus, nunc yero editus a Josepho Ques- 
nel, praefecto et bibliothecario, cum indice auctorum 
alphabe^tico. Paris, 1679, 2 vols, or parts, 8vo. 
The catalogue of the illustrious President de Thou's library, 
has long held a most distinguished rank among bibliogra- 
phers : his collection was formed with the greatest care and 
unbounded expense, with the advice of Scaliger, Casaubon, 
the brothers Du Puys,iSaImasiu.s, Grotius, the brothers St. 
Marthe, and Sirmpnd. 

The binding alone, Quesnel and Morhof inform ns, cost taentt/ thou- 
sand crowns. (Pref. ad Bibl. Thuan. p. 6. Pelyliist, vol. i. b. I. c. 21. § 2.) 
Anxious that posterity should enjoy thebenefit of his valuable library, the 
collection of more than 40 years, De Thou, by his '\rill, forbade it to be 
sold J but he bequeathed it to his sons for their use, and that of the lite- 
rary world. Accordingly ztfter his death, in 1617, during the minority of 
his children, as well as afterwards, additions continued to be made, until 
, the death of James Augustus de.Thou, his youngest son, in 1677; who 
4yiDg greatly involved, this magnificent library was sold, for payment of 

■ his' debts. He had! previoiislyoffered it (at sale to the King of France for 
the' use of the Dauphin, but this tender was declined. That the value of 

, this collection has not been ovet-rsited, wiil be sufficiently evident, when 
it is known that the family of De Thou, as well as the curators of his library, 
'proceeded to the expense of having one coj)y or ra<Jre of every valuable 
worit published in Europe, printed oaparticularly.fige paper made for the 
purpose! And they sometimes selected. the ehoicfst . leaves from two or 
three different copies or, editions. (Vigneul-Marville's Melange de Litt. 

■ t. i; p. 26.) We have already seen (p. 728) that this library was pur- 
, chased .by the President Menare, and (it should seem) for less money 



730 CATALOCfUM ETC, OW 

(Huet says one>tbird lees) than theliinding of the bodks had VioBt. '(Dfi 
Aikin's Mem. of Huet, vol. ii. p. 357, Collmson's Life of 'Hiuanus, p. 2S7.} 
Mr. Collinson adds, on the authority of Buckley, who published the splen- 
did Lonllon edition of his tTriivBrsal History, that the illustrldUs tninister 
Colbert -purchased the MSS. which, in the year l-lisb, were bought "fiid 
deposited in the king's library at Paris. Morhof highly commends the 
method pursued in the catalogue of this library. " Mirifice mihi placet 
ordo,'"says he ; " non eniih contentus summis tantum capitibus, autor 
sub specialibus titulis locavit autores ut statim occurrant qui de eodem ar- 
giimento scripserunt, quod locorum communium instar esse .potest : et 
hujus ideam, notante Bailleto, Draudio debet." {Polyhisl. vol. i. lib. I, 
c. 18. § 69.) Baillet's encomium here referred to, is partly trah^lat^'d in 
the Bibliomania, p. 129, note. Coasult his JugeTnens desSaHans, tdm.'ii. 
pp. 144,,14!7, 4to edit. 

We terminate this account of De Thou's library (whose cele- 
brity, it is hoped, will apologize for its length) by 'Stating, 
that many of his splendid vblCimes are to i)e found in the 
British Museum, the Royal Library at Paris, and other great 
public libraries ; where the richness of the binding easily 
points them out to the oljservant bibliographer. Peigfnot 
mentions a Bibliotheca Thuana, Hamburgh, iVoi, '8vo ; but 
whether it is a i-epririt of the former catalogue, he iocs not 
intimate : (see Rep. Bib. Univ. p. 126.) fie ailso acids, that 
Sariteuil published Bibliotheca Thuano-Menarsiana, Carmen, 
Paris, 1680, 4to, which, immediately after publication, was 
reprinted in 8vo, and is sometimes fdiind at the 'beginliiil^ 6f 
tlie catalogue. The dop^ befdre us, Wwever, is destitute of 
this commendatory poem. 

Catalogue des Livfes ptdvttodflt dfe fe BiMfdtfi'g^iie 
de M. L. b. D. L. V. (le Due de la Valliere), par G. I". 
De -Burej le jeune, Paiia^ 1767, 2 vols. 8voi — Catalogue 

des Livres '&t M • (k Dttt d6 fe, Vaffilfe), pfar !De 

,!0ure, fils-aine. Paris, 1772, Svo. — Catalogue, &c, ^e 
M. L. D. D. L. V. (le Due de la V^Mi^re.);, f»a* ie 
meto-6. Paris, 1777, iSVb. 

As these catalogues, forming 4 vols., preceded -the sale cata- 
Ic^es, n^iced below, Mr..<I>ibdta t^onjectures froiA thetn. 



FOREIGN JPRIVATE LIBRARIES. 731 

that the dute had two previous sales fprobablf three, as 'the 
catalogues are .three in number) of .part of his libraty. These 
' catalogues are little 'known .and of Tare occurrertce. 

Cat^ogue des !Lmes fle fen M. le Due Ae la Val- 
UERE ; premiere partie, eoiitendnt les tnanuBcrits, les 
premiers effitions, 4es Irvres imptshnls sar 'VseUa 'et sur 
giraaid -papier, les 'livres rares, les Iwres d'estatnpes, &c. 
Ifec. par. G. Be Bare, ffls 'stiL I^ris, 1^3, S thi^k 
vols. 8vo, with plates. 

This first part of the Valliere 'catalogue is extremely curious : 
the whole (Peignot iremarks) is ijompiled wiA gretit care, 
and reflects infinite honour on M. de IBuFe, as well as on M. 
Van Praet, who described the MSS. A few copies were 
struck off on large 'paper, and 12 only <tn fine 'paper, of the 
manufacture of Annonay. A .portrait of -the Due die la Val- 
aincB, and several engravings, lenrioh-this :por-tion of the ca- 
talogue, which is accompanied by a table .of' authors and sale- 
prices : it comprises 5,668 articles, which produced 464>677 
livres, 8 sous. A cqpy of this catalogue is in the library of 
the London Institntion. 

Csttalogae tdes livres de M. h Puc de la Valli^re, 
seconde partie, (iispos^e par Jean-Luc Nyon I'sdn^^'^c. 
&&!&)£. BaidB, tl'i^iS, '£ vols. 8v<o. 
Contains /2K,000 larticks. Though considered ^f less vefliue 
than the preceding portion, <t!bis|part TJf.^e ValH«re library 
contains a fine cqlleotian of .French a«d Italian poets, and a 
collection of romances, the completest j>erhaps that ev-er was 
farmed, together wilfh numerous w-orJ^s on the arts and sci- 
ences, history, &c. A few copies of ')fci« catalogue were struck 
off on large paper. This division of the Valliere library was 
never sold by auction, having been purchased by the Mar- 
quis de Paulmy and added to ,his noble Kcollection of works ; 
which was afterwards sold to the Count d'Artoi^ and is now 
in ike library «f the arsenal, at Paris. M. Peignot mentions. 



733 CATALOGUES, ETC. OF 

that in the last-mentioned library, is preserved a manuscript 
table of the authors mentioned in the present catalogue, the 
printing of which would be extremely useful. It might (he 
continues) he printed, if a few zealous amateurs would unite 
to defray the expense of a very limited impression. 

Catalogue de la Bibliotheque et du Cabinet des Me- 
dailles, ainsi que de quelques pierres gravies, antiqui- 
tes, Sec. de feu Pierre Vandamme. La Haye, 1807, 
2 vols. 8vo. 

This valuable library was sold in 1808 : Vol. i. contains the 
catalogue, of 1400 works on history, &c. Vol. ii. comprises 
that of 3700 antient medals, of gold, silver, bronze, &c. ; of 
loo modern gold medals, 368 modern silver medals and coins, 
and 134 in bronze. A few copies of this catalogue were 
struck off on fine Dutch paper. 

Catalogue des Livres de M. d'Ansse de Villoison. 

Paris, 1806, Svo. 

Rich in editions of the Greek classics: M. Villoison was one 
of the ablest 'critics of his time, and particularly distinguish- 
ed" himself by his splendid edition of Homer, folio, Venice, 
1788, containing a fac-slmile of. the text and scholia of an 
antient MS. in St. Mark's library at Venice. 

La Libreria de Volpi et la Stamperia Cominiana, 

illustrata con utile e curiose annotazione, &c. opera di 

Don Gaetano Volpi. Padova, 1756, 8vo. 

Of this curious and rare volume, only 300 copies were struck 

off: which circumstance, added to the rarity of the books 

described, and the accuracy of its bibliographical notices, 

have rendered this book difficult to meet with in commerce. 

Among other particulars, it comprises an interesting account 

of the Cominine press : all the editions that issued from it, 

were in the Crevenna library. (Dr. Clarke's Bib. Mis. Vol. ii. 

p. 73; Peignot, Rep. Bib. Univ. 153.) Another edition of 

this catalogue was printed at Padua, in 1809, Svo, intituled. 



FOREIGN PRIVATE LIBRARIES. 733 

Annali delta Tipografia Volpi-Cominiani colle notizie iniomo 
la vita e gU studi de fratelli Volpi, da Fortunato Frederici : 
with a portrait of Giannantonio Volpi. Though less nume- 
rous than the preceding volume, because the catalogue of the 
Volpi library is omitted (the reprinting of which would have 
been unnecessary ),.this work is more satisfactory in its account* 
of the Cominine editions, and of the learned brothers, Volpi., , 
It is only to be regretted, that M. Frederici did not reprint, 
with corrections, the curious little dictionary, intituled, Varie 
avvertenze intomo a' lihri, which occupied 49 pages in Volpi*s 
catalogue. 

Specimen Catalog! Codd. MSS. Bibliothecse Zalus- 
cianse, K Jo. Andrea Janoski exhibitum. Dresdse, 
1751, 8yo. 

The Zalewski Library (in later times called the Library of the 
Republic), was founded at Cracow, by the two brothers Za- 
lewski, one of whom was Bishop of Cracow : they expended 
vast sums of money on its formation, and, in 1745, pre- 
sented it to the public. Among other curiosities which this 
library is known to contain, are two antient MSS. of Ovid, 
and several volumes of journals in the handwriting of Sobi- 
eski, king of Poland. 



SECTION VL 

Sale Catalogues of Booksellers^ 

The first printers published books at their own expense, 
which they sold themselyes : some pf ,thesp are specifiedin the 
course of the present section. The capital, however, which i 
this required, soon rendered it expedient to divide the hazard 
and the profit : the booksellers were thus enabled to procure 
a much greater variety of publications; and catalogues be- 
came necessary. The earliest ^ale catalogue was printed ^ 



734 SALE GATALOGWES 

Fi'tttiMort (which preeed'ed- Leipsic as a literary mart) in the 
year 1534? *. The most eminent sale catalogues on the conti"- 
nent, perhaps, are those- published- previously to the fairs held 
at- those two cities : the Frankfort- fairs are heldi twice a year, 
inspringatid'autumn, and'each continues three weeks. The 
Leipsic ftirs are held- three times a year; The first com- 
mences on the flrstof Jknuary ; the second, three weeks after 
Easter; and the third, after Michiielmas. Tljese ftirs last 
threedays each, and' are not inferior to those of Frankfort. 
In-18-02i the German plan of disposing of books by means of 
literary fairs, was adopted in the United States of America: 
thepfirst: was heldcatiNew. York ; , and it is proposed,- in future, 
to, bold them statedly; in that city f. Tihe progress of sale- ca- 
talogues in England is copiously treated in Mr.-Nichols's 
" LikeraryAnecdotes," Vol. iii.pp. 608-!— 693, and will abun- 
dantly repay the trouble of consulting on this subject. In the 
following pagesj, we shall chiefly indicate, the principal sale 
catalogues,, which are worthy, of the; student's attention. 

§ 1. British Sale Catalogues. 

The first part of th^ Gatalogjieof English printed 
Bookes. Which concerneth such matters of Divinitie,, 
as haue bin either written in our owne tongue, or trans- 
lated out of anie other language : and haue bin pub- 
lished to the glory of God,,ajidiedification of the church 
of Christ in England. Gathered into one alphabet, 
and such method as it is, by Andrew Maunsell, book- 
seller, London, ,1595, folio. 

* Beckmann'si Hist: of^ Inventidns, Vol. iii.- pp. liS'-^lBS, io- wUch ' 
an interestingaccount iS'gi^en relative to book catalogues. One o£ the' 
Ffankfort catalogvies for, 1625, is in.the Btitisb Museum : it is intituled, 
Bibliotheca Exotica : -sive catalagus officinalis libmrum peregrinis Unguis os- 
mdibus scnptotum, omnium quotquot in qffidnis bibliopolarum indagari potut' 
runt, et in Nundinis Fr'ancefUrtensibus ptostant, ac venules habentur, 4to. 

f ]VKUer'sJR*tro5pectof'thel8tliCfentury, Vol. iii. pt2S7, noti. 



OT- BOOKSELLERS. 735 

This^.isitbe first digested list' of publications in the English 
language, and is curious on many accounts, particularly aS' 
it af£>rds the titles of many works, and records the names of' 
various authors, long since lost and forgotten. The Seconde- 
Purte of this catalogue was published also at London, 1595^ 
folio, and concemeth the-sciences mathematicalli as arithmetick, 
geometrie, astrologie, musick, the arte of warre, and naviga--, 
tifn^: amdalsQ of phisieks, andimrgeriej Ai third, part, coai- 
taining history and polite literature, was to have followed^ 
but was never printed. Of Andrew Maunsell the compiler,- 
nothing more is now known, than, that he was a bookseller of 
ability and eminepce in. his. day. An analysis of his cata- 
logue is given in the Athenaeum, vol. i. pp. 43^^45, and 
155, 156,, whence. the preceding. notice is, abridged, 

AG^alpgue Qf the most, vendible bpofcgt in England, 
oBierly and alphabetically digested, under the heads of 
Divinity, History, Physic, &c. With school books, He- 
brew, Greek, and Latin, and an introduction for the 
use of schools,, by W. London, 1658, 4to, 
This catalogue is copiously analysed in the Athenaeum, vol. ii. 
pp. 601 — 604, to which the reader is referred. Who the 
compilerof it really was, is now unknown, and must remain 
a circumstanoej at fbest, of mere conjecture. In Lemoine's 
Hist. o£Printing, p. 75, this catalogue^ is ascribed to Tho- 
mas Guy, the founder of the celebrated, hospitaL bearing 
his name, in the borough of Southwark^ " The au- 
thor" (say«. Mr; Dibdin) "was a man, whoever he may 
chance to be, of no mean intellectual powers." (Bibliom. 
p, 357.); 

GpaeraJ, Gatalogjie, of Books, printed in Englandi 
since the dreadful fire, 1666, to the, end of Trinity 
Terin, 1676. London, folio. 

This catalogue was published by Robert Clavel, an eminent 
booli^eller of that time.. It is a. thin folio^ and includes an 



736 SALE CATALOGUES 

abstract of the bills of mortality. The books are classed 
under the heads of divinity, history, physic, and surgery, 
miscellanies, chemistry, poetry, &c. The titles of the books 
are briefly stated, and the publishers' names are given. The 
edition consulted for this notice is the fourth : " the cata- 
logue was continued every term till 1700." (Lit. An. vol. iii. 
p. 608, note. 

Bibliotheca Annua: or the Annual Catalogue for 
1699. London, 1700, 4to. 

No. IIL for the year 1701, 4to. 

Both these publications are in the British Museum : of No. IL 

I am enabled to present no account ; though it is evident that 

such a number vt^as published. 

A complete Catalogue of Books, published from the 
begmning of this centiu-y to the present time. With 
the prices affixed. To which is added, a catalogue of 
the school-books, now in general use. 8vo, London, 
1766. 

The London Catalogue of Books in all languages, 
arts, and sciences, that have been printed in Great 
Britain, since the year MDCC. Properly classed un- 
der the several branches of literature, and alphabeti- 
cally disposed under each head; with their sizes and 
prices. London, 177S, 8vo. 

To this catalogue there were two or three supplements pub- 
lished ; it is now superseded by the following more accurate 
list. 

The London Catalogue of Books, with their sizes 
and prices, corrected to August 1811. London, 1811, 
Svo. 

This catalogue is compiled by the pubhsher, Mr. W. Bent, 
who has classed the books alphabetically under the heads of 
miscellaneous literature, — divinity and ecclesiastical his- 



OP BOOKSELLERS. 73T 

tory, — 'Law and Jurisprudence, — Medicine, Surgery, Phy- 
siology, and Chymistry — Hebrew, Arabic, Greek, and La- 
tin, — and School Books. A supplement, containing works 
published since 1811, was published in 1812, 8vo. Mr. 
Bent has also, for some years past, published a Monthly List 
of Publications, in4to; comprising notices of works prepar- 
ing for the press, as well as titles, &c. of new books and new 
editions of works. Being stamped, it is circulated by the 
post in the same manner as newspapers. 
The preceding articles will furnish a pretty accurate view of 
English literature, subsequent to the memorable fire of 
London. But much information msty be derived, by con- 
sulting the sale catalogues of respectable booksellers, which 
have prices alBxed to the respective articles.- Among these, 
Mr. Edwards's catalogue of 1790 and 1794, particularly 
claim the bibliographer's attention, on account of the rarity of. 
many of the articles therein described, and which (Dr. Clarke 
observes) are seldom oilered to the public in a sale catalogue. 
(Bibl. Misc. vol. II. p. 87.) To these may be added, for 
Classical Literature, the catalogues of Mr. Lunn and Mr. R. 
Priestley ; for rare books generally, the catalogues of Messrs. 
Longman' and Co. for 1813-14, of Messrs. Lackington and 
Co., of Mr. Culhell, Messrs. Arch, (whose catalogues are 
rich in bibliography), Mr. Triphook ; tot Law books, those 
of Messrs. Butterworths and Messrs. Clarkes ; for Divinity, 
those of Mr. Baynes, and Messrs. Ogle and Co., &c. &c. &c. 
Among the catalogues of provincial booksellers, those of Messrs. 
Ford, (Manchester), Broster, (Chester), Peckover, (Bristol); 
Bui-don, (Winchester), may be mentioned, as comprising 
numerous rare and curious articles, which will repay the 
trouble of consulting. The present list might be still further 
augmented ; but the preceding articles will perhaps be deem?- 
ed more than sufficient. 
Bibliotheca Universalis et Selecta: A Catal<^ue of 
3b 



738 SALE CATALOGUES 

Books (Sfc. &c. &c.) collected for the most part In Ger- 
many and the Netherlands ; methodically digested with 
a view to render it usefid to students, collectoiis, and 
librarians ; to which is added an index of authors, in- 
terpreters, and editors, &c. &c. By Samuel Paterson. 
London, 1786, 8vo. 

Though undervalued by many, this catalogue will be found 
useful for occasional reference : it is to be regretted that the 
index is pot always very correct. Some memoirs of the in- 
dustrious collector and classifier of the catalogue oqcijr in 
the Lit, An. vd. III. pp, 438—440, and 733—736. 
§, %. ifor^f^n S^l^ Cqtfl3,ogjif.s. 
Biblis>theca I5x<pisitissinita : sive libtrorum, coUectio, 
qiios summojiidicioet diligentia coUegit Pfetrus Yander 
Aa, typographus urbis et universitatis. Lug. Bat. 1729, 
8vo. 
In the British Museum. 

Bihliographia Aiiissoniana : seu Catalogus Librorum 
qui x^jn^lfs, reperiuntur in officina Laurentii Anissou, 
Bibhopplff? Lugdunensisj ad, amjum, 16§9. ^iUgduni, 
1669, Sivgu 

Bibliographia Anissoniana ; seu Index Ubrorum, qui 
venales reperiuntur in officina fratrum Anisson et Joan. 
Posuel, ad aimunx 1676, cui accedit Suj^lementum us- 
qtie ad annum 1681. Lugduni, 1676 — 81. 

Bibhpgraphia,Aoissooiana; seu Catalogus Librorum, 
qui prpst^nt in sgdibus socionuil Anisson, Posuel et 
K,igaud, tam.iijiPwisiip quam in Lugduni, ad annum 
17-02. LugduBi^ 1702> 8vo. 

The Anissons were eminent printers and booksellers first at 
Lyons, and' afterwards at Lyons, and FaiEia. Jnhn Anisecn 



OF BOOKSEtLEKS. 739 

{&>& second of the natnie) was Director o# the loyal* Print- 
iftg-<iffice at Pai-is, which 6ffice' was afterwards filled" by two 
of his. nephews; and a son of otte of thesift held it until th* 
French revolution, to which he fell a victim. The three cata^ 
logues above noticed- are in the British Museum. 

libri Venules in bibliopofio- R^inaldi? Cdlderii^ turn 
ab Siinone Coliaeeo, turn a Galderio eXcusi* Paris,, 
15418, 8VO. 

Calderius (or Chaudi^^re) and Colines (ttetter known Ky the 
name of Colinaeus) were two eminent Parisian printers and 
booksellers : the latter is most celebrated for his edition of the 
Greek Testament,. Sfoi. Paris, 15 34-. 

Catalogus Librorum, qiios veP «dcud$l! Commelinjis, 
vel qiuorumr exemplaria ad se recepit. Accedunt libri 
MSS. e bibliotheca ejus, ex bibliopoiio CommeliniafflOw 
1599, 8vo. 

Jerome Commelin, a learned printer of the 16tli century, was' 
settled at Heidelberg, where the Elector Palatine confided 
the care of his library to hiin : he executed numerous edi- 
tions of the classics, and the works of the Fathers, particu- 
larly of Atbanasius and St. Jerome. Unfortunately, however, 
they are printed' on' vile- paper, (^orftnlehn died in 159&. 

Catalogus Librorum Sebastiani Mabre Cramoisy, ty- 
pographi regii, sive quos ipsemet edidif, aut quorum 
ab avo suo Sebastiano Cramosio editorum copiam Rabet 
(secundum materiarum ordinem dispositus). Paris, 
1678, 8-vo. 

The elder Cramoisy was a very learned priiiteff ; and hife edi- 
tions,, thougb inferior in point of correctness and beauty of 
character to those of the Stephenses; Manutii, and Froben, 
are yet very respectably executed. He was nominated Di- 
3 B 2 



740 SALE CATALOGUES 

rector of the Royal Printing-office in the Louvre by Cardinal 
Richelieu. Peignot has given some account of Cramoisy and 
his principal editions, in his Diet, de Bibliol. torn. L pp. 19A, 
196. 

Catalogus Librorum officinae Lud. et Dan. Elze- 
viriorum. Amst. ex OfHcina Elzeviriaria. 1656, 8vo. 
This catalogue is in great request, and is added to the Elzevir 
collection: those of 1674 and 1681, I2mo. are merely lists 
of their extensive stock of printed books, which ai&rd no ma- , 
terials for the literary history of the editions which issued 
from their presses. 

Catalogus Librorum, ex officina Janssoniana. Am- 
stel. J. Janssonius. 1650, 8vo. 

Catalogus Librorum, qui in Junctarum bibliotheca 
Philippi haeredum Florentiaa prostant. Florent. 1604, 
12mo. 

An interesting catalogue; which is perhaps superseded by the 
more extensive work of Bandini, relative to the works exe- 
cuted by those celebrated printers, the Giunti. See p. 511, 
supra. 

Catalogue des Livres, provenant du fonds d'ancienne 
Librairie du cit. J. G. Merigot." Paris, an IX. (1800) 
8vo. 

A very interesting catalogue, to which references are fre- 
quently made by French bibliographers : among other valu-, 
able and curious articles announced in it, we meet with a 
Collection des registres dvparlement, in 514 volumes, folio; — 
a Recueil des ordonnances de police pour la ville de Paris, ' 
1182—1763, 43 VQlumes, folio ;— a Recueil d' edits et arrets 
decours souveraines, 1236 — 1789, 84 portfolios in 4to; ori- 
ginal letters of the kings of France, their ministers, generals^ 



DF BOOKSELLERS. 741 

and ambassadors, &c. &c. Beside this catalogue, Peignot 
has mentioned .three others of M. Merigot's, Paris, 1805, 
1810, 1811, 8vo. in addition to which two others have since 
been announced. 

Index Librorum, qui in Typographia Plantiniana 
venales extant. Antverp. B. Moretus, 1642, 8vo. 

The editions of Christopher Plantin and his successors are dis- 
tinguished for their beauty ; and many of them are highly 
esteemed for their correctness. 

Libri in OfHcina Rob. Stephani, partim nati, partim 
restituti et excusi. (Paris, 1S46) Svo. 

This Robert Stephens was the eminent printer whom Fran- 
. cis I. honoured with a visit. The fullest list of publications 
executed by the illustrious family of Stephens, is in Mait- 
taire's Vitce Stephanorum, noticed, supra, p. 513. 



SECTION VII. 

Professional or Special Bibliography. 

Repertoire Bibliographique, contenant la Notice rai- 
sonn6e des Bibliographies Speciales, etc. etc. Par Ga- 
briel Peignot. Paris, 1812, Svo. 
See a short notice of this work, supra, p. 524. 

Repertoire de Bibliographies speciales, curieuses, et 
instructives. Par Gabriel Peignot. Paris, 1810, &vo.. 

This interesting work contains an account, 1. Of works, of 
which few were printed J 2. Of books, copies of which are 
extant on coloured paper; 3. Of books, published under the 
name of Ana. The whole is interspersed with historical, 
critical, and literary remarks. 



742 SPECIAL BIBLIOGRAPHERS. 

Special bibliographies, it has already been observed (p. 365), 
are confined to some particular class of books, and comprise 
every work published on the subjects discussed in these. 
■\Vorks of this description have multiplied to such an extent, 
within the last fifty years, that a library might be formed of 
special bibliographies alone. As the design of the present 
volume will not admit of any details relative to such works, 
the readei'is referred to the two articles above noticed, parti- 
cularly to the fkst. Scarcely any hock connected with the 
subject of this section has been pubhshed, but is noticed by 
M. Pejgnot, who hss commoijicated the necessary iijfornia- 
tion relative to its editions, size, value, execution, &c. &c. 



[ 743 3 



SUPPLEMENT. 



P. 155. A fac-simile of part of this image of St. Chris- 
topher, together with a t^ood-Cut of the Anntinciation, of 
equal antiquity, is given in the BihliotKeca Spenceriana, vol. I. 
pp. i — -iv. 

P. 217. By the kindness of Alexander TilJoch, Esq. the editor 
is enabled to present the following impression from a plate of 
Ged's stereotype Sallust. This platfe Mr. T. first saW in the hands 
of the late Mr. John Murray, bookseller, in Fleet-street, in the 
year 1782; but in What ifay be betame possessed of it, can- 
not now be ascertained. In the year 1800, Messrs. Murray 
and Highley, his sucCeSsbrs in basiness, presented Mr. Tilloch 
with this original plate of Ged's Sallust, which_ they had for 
years used as a flat Weight to lay upon papers. The plate, 
which had thus receivect considerable injury, was employed 
by Mr. T. fc* taking off some impressions to illustrate a me- 
moir in the tenth volume of his " PhildSdphtcal Magazine" in 
August 1801. Since that time, the plate has unfortunately 
received some injury, in consequertce of a: fire, which con- 
sumed Mr. T.'s premises a few years since. The reader will 
bear this circumstance in mind, ^liea CJtaminirig the subjoined 
impression ; which, while it wifl gratify a laudable curiosity, 
should not be considered as a proper specimen of the state of 
the art when in Ged's hands. There is no doubt but Ged's 
Sallast was as neat as the typts themselves would allow, from 
which he cast his plates, Mr. TilloCh thinks it also probable 
that the fanns, from which Ged made his moulds, were com- 
posed of worn types, which will always produce plates that 
riJay be said to be worn before they are used. 

8 



744 SUPPLEMENT. 

Specimen of Ged's Stereotype Sallust. 



CATILINA. Cap. XIX. 
(i legibus ambitus interrogati ptsnas dedeianti 
Foil: paullo Catilina, pecuniarum rcpetundanint 
reus, prohibitDS erat confulatam pctere; quod 
intra legitimos dies profiteri nequiverit. Erat 
eodem tempore Cn. Pifo, adoltfcens nobilis^ 
funimx andacia;, egens, fi&ioCus, qaem ad 
perturbandam retnpnblicani inopia atq'ae mali 
inores ftimnlabant. Cum hoc Cacilina 9c An> 
tronins, coniilio commnnicato. parabant in Ca> 
pitolio Kalendis Januariis L. Coctam 8c L. 
Torquatam Confules interficere ; ipfi, &lcibnf 
correptis, Pi<bnem cum exercitu ad obtinen- 
dasduas Hifpanias mtttere. Ea re cognita rar« 
liis, in Nonas F.ebruariasconfilium ca:dis tran* 
ftulerant. Jam turn non ConfnUbus moJo, fed 
plerifqne Senatoribus perniciem machinaban- 
cur. Quod ni Catalina niaturalTct pro curia fig- 
num fociis dare ; eo die, poft conditam arbcm 
Komanam, pefTumum facinus patratara ibret. 
Qj;«ia nonuum freqaentes armati convenerant i 
ca res confilium diremit. 

•XIX. Poftei. F'.fo in citeriorem Hifpaniam 
Quaftor pro Jrztoi-e miffus eft, adnitentc Cral^ 
Co i quod eum infeftum inimicnra Cn. Fompeio 
coguoverat. Kc/ue tamen Tenatus prorindain 
invitns dederac : quippe foednm hominem a re* 
publica procul elTe Tolebat : fimal, quia boni 
f]uam plures przfldinm in eo pntabaut: 8c jaa 
«um potentia Cn. Pompeii formidolcla erau 
Sfd is Pilb, in provinciam ab equilibus Bifpa< 
nis, quos in exercitu duAabat, iter (acien^ 
occifns eft. Sunt, qui ita dicnnt, imperil ejut 
injnfta, fuperba, crndelia, barbanx neqaiviSe 
pati : alii autem, eqnites illos, Cn. Pompeii ve« 
nret fidolque clietKcfi ToIoDtate ejni Pironem 



With all the allowances, which the circumstances above 
stated require to be made, this specimen must claim attentitm 
as the first known essay towards stereotype printing, which 
has since been carried on with so much success both in 
England and in France. 

7 



SUPPLEMENT. 745 

Specimen of Messrs. Faults and Tillodh's Greek Stereotype. 

KTPOT ANABA2. B. 91 

TrXavjj T« Iffio^u Trj^e. ^Xov m. Trt 

t * i t I 

[Jiey ya.0 Trootoev YiyLioa. itiiiTcuvi roLo- 
"TcKcL Ttoiooihlovcu exeXivif rare 5e oifjiot. 
17X/&) dyoLTeXhovri xijoyxas C7r€]Uv}/£ rrsoi 
(TTrovoav. Ol 5* eTrei ^X^ov tcoh t»$ ttoo- 

a.7cviyfeika.v 0/ Treo^uXaJtcg, KXf'app^o; 
ruyjjiv Tore rem ra^eti STTKniOTrui', «7re 
roT^ TTPO^wXa^/, xeMuetu T8$ xijoyxaj 7re- 
^ifxeyeiv, ap^P'S aV yoXacj?. E7r« ^£ xa- 
Ts^riat TO ^oiriuim., aire xaXw$ fp(^e/c 
Of a(70£W TToirrYi <paXa.yfa. 7CtMvriv» t(ov Je 
ah'TzXw [ii^ivoi zctrx<p<tvyi etvou., eKaXe(F€ 
T85 ayyiXa^, xa< aJrog re Trw^XSe T8$ 
« eooTrXoraToyg c'ywj/ xoa £u«Jef aT0t>5 
rwr ccJtou ^oariuruy, xou roT^, aXXon 
^^arifiyoTi raJura. {(pooiaey. Exe/ ^s TC^h 
roTi dyyeXoii maufi mdret. rl ^ouXoivro. 
/ eXjeyraf on ttsoi cttovouv ijMiey as- 
Jf£5, o/Wcs /xai'Oi effovrcu rd rs tccl^o. 
QcuxiXicoi roTi "EXX)jo-;y d^ayyeUXcu, xcu 

This passage is from the second book of Xenophon's Arut' 



746 SUPPLEMENT. 

basis: notwithstanding the plate has received some injury 
from the nnfortunate calamity above-mentionedj yet it must 
be admitted to present a favourable specimen of the second 
invention of stereotype in England. 

The subjoined impression represents the first page of the 
late Mr. Walker's admirable Pronouncing Dictionary. It is 
executed after Mr. Wilson's processes, and affords a very 
favourable specimen of the present improved state of Eriti^ 
stereotype printing. 



Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, 



AND 



EXPOSITOR OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. 



hfigvref (^ter the yiords vrfer to the nutiAers in the Principles qf PronuneieUian prefixed 
tt this BictUmary, where the different sounds ^ the letters are explained at large. 
This, 73 refers to the first sovMd qfthe letter A; 93 fo the first sound of' the letter E; and 
mofthsreH. 

It figures over the letters rtfer to the vowels in the words at the top of the page ; and the 
index ts- hefore these words, refers to the table <f ,aimpU and diphthongal sounds, where 
lie different sounds i^ the vowels are exhibited at one view. Thus, 03^559 refers to the 
ialile in the i^osite leaf. 

A. 

-559. Fite73, fir77, fSUSS, fitSl— mJsS, met 95— pine !05, pin 107— n6 iS'i, movel64, 
nh 167, nflt 163— tibe 171, tub 172, bull 173— Sll 299— pSund 313— fMn466, this 469. 

with a consonant can make it othenrise, it is natural^ 
when pronouncing this vowel alone, to give it the long 
open sound j bnt a& this long open sound is threefold, as 
heard in Jacet father , and water, a question arises, which 
of these long fluunds diallwe ^opt ax a common name 
tQ the whole species of this letter? The English make 
chjoice of the a in face, the Irish «f that in father, and the 
Scotch of that in water. Each party produces words 
where the letter a is sounded in the manner they contend 
for ; but when we demand why one should have the pre- 
ference, the controversy is commonly at an end; any- 
farther reasons are either too remote or too insignificant 
to be produced : and, indeed, if a diversity of names to 
vowels did not confound us in our spelling, or declaring 
to each other the component letters of a word« it would 
be entirely needless, to enter into 80 trifllag a question as 
the mere name of a letter; but when we find ourselves 
unqble to cpnvey signs to eaeh other on account of this 
diversity of names, and that words themselves are en- 
dangered by an improper utterance of their component 
parts, it seems highly incumbent on ub to attempt a uni* 
£otmity in thla point, whichp insigni^cixit as it may 
seem, is undoubtedly the foundation of a just and regu- 
lar pronunciation. 

The ifiirst rule for naming a letter, when pronounced 
alone, seems to be thi? : Whatever sound we give to a 
letter v^en terminatinga syllable, the same sound ought 
tob^ given to it when pronounced alone; because, in 
liQl^caaes, tltey hav« thejr ppini^ty, simple sound, unin- 
fluenced by a succeedingvowel or consonant; andthers- 
fow, when we pronounce a letter alonf!, it ought to have 



I THE first letter of the alphabet, 73. An 
1 article set beTOTf noun? of ti»e singylar number ; 
^' (tman, a tree. Before a word beginning with a 
rtnrel, it iawfit^^ ^n, as, vnqsc^ A is sometimes a 
looD, R8, great J, A is placed before a participle, or 
urtit^pial noun ; gone a bunting, come a beggiDR- J 
imaBi^ification denoting proportion; the landlord 
bith a hundred 9 year. 

t3*Thechangeofthe letter a into an before a vowel or 
' Lfu the sake of sound, seems to deserve more at- 
ffitlian has genevally been given to it by any of our 
^lan^, and will therefore beconsidered under the 
n; imich see. 

(^the alphaheHcal Pronunciation of the 
Letter A. 

So many profound and ingenious observations have 
en made upon this first step to literature, that volumes 
l^tbe filled wi^ the erudition that has been lavished 
tnu lett^ atone. The priority of place it claims, ia 
wphabetg^ h^^ made it ao much the object of atten- 
Di that phrioleeists -fluppose the founda^cHi of learn- 
[batw^Iy laid, till the natural and civil history of 
•Mtlettaribe fully settled. 

iiraivever deep have been their researches into the 
HJ' **i| l^tt^s ve find no »W>ic«' i» our language 
i^nitnerto attempted to settle the disputes that have 
Kn between the natives of England, Ireland, and Scot- 
Of about the true sound of it, when called by its name. 
■«™i therefore, of tracing this character through the 
Jles of Gomer, the Egyptian Hieroglyphics, the mys- 
i(>iu Abraxas, or the Irish Ogum, I shall endeavour to 
late a difficulty that frequently arises when it is pro- 
wc™ in the Hornbook : or, in other words, to inquire 
» u the true name of the first letter of the English 
Wbet-whether we are to say Aye, B, C; Ah, B, C; 

Inn Irst, it will be necessary to consider the nature of 
joirel; which grammarians are generally agreed in 
ining to be " a simple articulate sound, formed by 
: iniPulK of the voice only by the opening of the 
wh in a particular manner." Now, as every vowel 
nielf IB soundied long, as nothing but its junction 
1 



such a sound as does not suppose the existence of any 
other letter. But wherever a terminates a syllable with 
the accent upoa it, (the only state in which it can be 
said to be pure,) it has always the Engl ish sound of that 
letter. The only exceptions to this rule are, the words 
fa'ther. master, andwo-eer; and that these are merely 
exceptions, appears from the uniformity with which the 
a is pronounced otherwise in parent, papal, taper, fattd, 
&c. The other vowels have their names exactly similar 
to the sound they have in a similar situation, as the e 
like that in me-grim, the i like the i in ti-tle, the o as the 
o in no'ble, and the u like the u in tu-tar. Thus, as it 
appears from the general analog of pronunciation, that 
the sound of the a, which the English adopt, is the only 
one that does not necessarily suppose the existence of 



748 SUPPLEMENT. 

P. 318. There is however great reason to believe that sig- 
natures were in use prior to the year 1472. Mr. Dibdin in- 
deed thinks it highly probable that the letters used in the 
books of images to denote the order of the plates or pages, 
might suggest the introduction of signatures ; and in his ela- 
borate and splendid Bibliotheca Spenceriana (pubhshed when 
the present volume was nearly finished), he has brought for- 
ward some considerations, which render it highly probable 
that signatures were known and employed two years before, 
by Helyas Helye, alias Ae LoufFen, in his. edition, of the Mam- 
motrectus, printed at Ergow [1470], folio. Having noticed 
the opinion of Santander, on which we have relied,, p. 318, 
supra, Mr. Dibdin thus continues : 

" The author (M. Santander) adheres to this position with 
the usual zeal of the founder of an hypothesis, and is therefore 
the less disposed to yield to the precedence of any other work 
designated with sigtiatures. ' Yet it does not follow, because 
Mons. Serna Santander affirms the foregoing work (the Pre- 
ceptorium Divince Legis of Nyder) to be the first extant with 
printed signatures, that there is no other. book in existence, 
which exhibits an earlier testimony of this typographical dis- 
tinction. It happens, however, that Peter Schoef&r published 
this very work at Mentz, which has precisely the same day 
and year attached to the colophon ; and Santander naturally 
asks, ' how could two men, living at a distance from each other, 
without any intercourse or intimation, print the same work at 
precisely the same period?' The answer is, that it is not 
impossible, but only very improbable : and it. remains to be 
ascertained, whether the canon of the church of Munster, the 
Swiss artist who executed the present volume (the Matnmo- 
trectus), did in fact copy the entire impression of Schoeffer. 
The principal consideration (Mr. Dibdin adds) weighing in 
my own mind, is, that, as Helyas Helye reprinted this work in 
1472 and 1473, without signatures (according to Santander), 



SUPPLEMENT. 749 

the present impression was not an anterior one ; since, in all 
probability, he would not have omitted the signatures, from 
their obvious genera! utility. Yet it may be objected, that > 
these very signatures are in themselves, and in their general 
position, so very unusual and awkward, that he might have 
conceived their omission an advanti^e to the appearance of 
the work. In regard to the borrowing, in part, of Schoeffer's 
colophon— unless it can be j5os2<joe^ proved that Schoeffer 
was the copyist — there seems to be strong presumptive evi- 
dence, that the Swiss printer here stumbled upon one of those 
vulgar errors of his brethren, in early times, of reprinting 
what was 'before him, without any regard to its' propriety or 
adaptation." 

" The Abbe Rive, who in his account of the Mentz and 
Ergow impressions is curious and instructive, will not allow of 
signatures as early as 1470; and chastises Me^rman for ac- 
ceding to the opinion that they existed at this period. Yet, if 
De Louden published, — ^at however late a date — a faithfully ' 
literal re-impreSsioh of the Mentz edition— and Schoeffer was 
absolutely the printer of the Mentz impression, in 1470 — it 
follows that signatures were used in the same year: a conclu- 
sion, which at once subverts the hypothesis of their not having 
been known till 1472." Bih. Spenc. vol. i. pp. 154-^156. 
The evidence is now before the reader, who will form his own 
conclusions, as to the probable date of signatures. 

P. 433. D'IsRAELi. — The Quarrels of Authors here an- 
nounced have just been published in three volumes 8vo. 

P. 428. The eighth volume of the Idterary Anecdotes ctf the 
\Sth Century, has very recently been given to the public : a 
ninth volume is further announced, which, with indexes, &c. . 
will finally complete this laborious and valuable work. 

P, 445. SisMONDi. — The third and fourth volumes of this, 
interesting work hiave just been 'imported from Paris. 

P, 521 . Mr. Dibdin has recently issued a prospectus of ,a 



750 SttPPLEMENT. 

new work, in two voltmies, royal octavo, which promises to be 
an interesting suppTement to his BSbliomania. It is intituled. 
The Bibliographical Decameron; or Ten Days' Pleasant Dis- 
course, vpon the Edrh/ State of the Fine Arts, Ancient and Mo- 
dern Typography, and Bihtiography. 

This work is to be embeUished with numerous engravings; and wiE 
comprise details' relative to illiiminated manuscripts;— printed mis- 
sals and breviaries ;— books printed from wooden blocks, and 
books containing'earfyand curious specimens of engraving; bibles ; 
books of games and sports; of manners and customs; — ^the origin 
and progress of printing upon the Continent;— fac-similes of de- 
vices and marks of ancient printers;^— accounts of book-binding 
and book-binders ; — literary bibliography ; — book-sales by auction; 
— ^notices of eminent English booksellers and printers : and an ac- 
count of some of the most distinguished public and private libra- 
ries in Europe. 

P, 533. Joh. Bern, de Rossi Bibliotheca Judaica Antichris- 
tiana, op& editi et ineditUudaeorum adversus Christianam Re- 
ligionem libri recensentur. Parmse e regio typographeo (Bo- 
doni) 1800, royal 8vo. p. 128. 

One of the scarcest of De Rossi's Tracts : in. his preface the author 
says that the works described, in his book, are of extreme rarity, 
and very difficult to collect ; because the Jewis carefiilly conceal 
them from the eyes of Christians, and few even of the most learned^ 
polemic divines are acquainted with the existence of many of 
them. 

P. 540. Panzer. — The foUowins notice of the German 
work of Panzer, mentioned in p. 540, is derived from the 
Records of Literature for 1807, vol. i. p. 89. 

Annalen der Ahem Deutschen Litteratur. Annals of German 

Literature ; or a description of the works printed in the German 

language, vol. i. 1788. vol. ii. 1806, Nuremberg, 4to. 

The first volume of these annals appeared in i788,.and contained an 

account of all German works printed between 1462 and 1520, 

amounting to 1035. A supi^ement was published in 1802, which, 



SUPPLEJyiENT. 751 

-with sevxva) correctipns ani ?i^ijjt(msi, pij^mv^^^ li^t of 747 ad4i* 
ticojaj; articles. The second vqlupe comprises 3112s srticjes, ex- 
ecuted) between lS2i and 1586; ^f whj^h 1,1,7! only were oa 
misceHaiieous sciences aind subj^gc^s, ^ :;eGit b^ijOg devoted ta 
tfceology. This great superiority of nuijjber io thjeological 
works is owing to the numerous publications occasioned by the 
reformation. During the whole period of these six years there 
appeared only two German translations of classical authors, — one 
of Livy, printed at Mayence, in IS2S, folio; the other was 
X!icero de Senectute, printed at AUgsbtirg, in 1S22. 

P. 54.4. ScHNURRER. — BibUotheca Arobica. Auctam nunc 
ac integram, edidit D. Christianus Fridericus de Schnurren. 
JJaUe ad. Salam, 181 1^ 8vo. 

This elabprafie work is. divided into, seven heads : 1. Gramtnatka, 
Z, J^Uie^ic^- 3, PaetiiM-. 4. C&r2V;(0«<;,,poneisting chiefly o£ litur- 
gical and thfiologutal works., 5. Bibfiaat, comprising Arabic edi- 
tions of the Old and New Testament, and parts, thereof, with 
critical and philological writers thereqn.. 6. Kortmica, including 
editions of the Koran, entire, and in part, with critical, and other 
treatises illustrative of it, as well as treating on the religion of 
Mohammed. T. Farla, or miscellaneous treatises. The work 
terminates with a few pages of addenda, and a list of the books 
(fescribed, arranged' in chronological order. Nine clbsely printed' 
pages of errata, for whi<;h SchnurrM- assures the reader he- is not 
tespopsible, dimmish the facility of consulting this odiervuse 
usefiil apd. daborate work, 

P. 574'. Oblbans.— ^Catalogue des lavresi de la. Biblio- 
tbeque publique fondee par M. PnousteaUj pcofesseur en dcoit' 
dans FUniversite dfOdeans, composee en partie dtes livues. 
et? manuscrit& de Henri de Valois. (par doqiiEabr^): nouivelle 
edition, avec des notes' critiques et bibliggcaphiqueis; Paris, 
1777',, 4to. 

In 1694, M. Prousteau, an able lawyer, and also professor of law in 
the University of Orleansj presented his rick and extensive 
library to that city ; and' also endowed it with fimds for the an- 
nual; purchase o£ bookS) and for the salary of ailibrariaok M« a& 



753 SUPPLEMENT. 

terwards expended considerable sums on the interior construction 
of the library. M. Prousteau, who was born May 26, 1626, died 
at Orleans in March 171S: a monument was erected to his me- 
mory, by the grateful inhabitants, in the centre of the library. 

P. 582. Munich. — " Since the union of the bishopric of 
Bamberg with the kingdom of Bavaria, the royal library of 
Munich has been augmented with many valuable MSS. pre- 
served till then, in the treasury of the chapter of the former 
town. Among them are the famous MSS. known under tbe- 
title of Codex aureus, or golden manuscript of Bamberg, dis- 
covered by M. TAbbe Gley ; four gospels, and a missal of the 
11 th and 12th centuries, small folio, written on fine white vellum, 
and the letters drawn with the utmost care. These MSS. are 
in the highest state of preservation, owing to the jealous cau- 
tion of the canons : they were never shown without a special 
leave ; and on no account were they ever communicated for 
the purpose of comparing the text with that of other Bibles. 
The binding of these MSS. is richly ornamented with precious 
stones,. and oriental pearls set in gold, and also with, historical 
subjects executed in ivory." Rec. of Lit. vol. i. p. 342. The 
same work also contains an analysis of Historical and. Literary 
Memoirs,- collected in the central Bavaro-Palatine Library, at 
Munich, and edited by J, C. d'Arentin, (in German) vol. i. 8vo. 

P. 603. Since the preceding account of the Vatican was 
printed ofl^ the author has met with the following additional 
particulars in the Kev, J. C. Eustace's truly Classical Tour 
through Italy ; they are too interesting not to find a place 
here. — " A large apartment for the two keepers, the secretaries, 
or rather the interpreters seven in number, who can speak 
the principal languages of Europe, and who attend for the 
convenience of learned foreigners ; and a double gallery of 
220 feet long, opening into another of 800, with various 
rooms, cabinets, and apartments anpexed, form the receptac]q 
of this noble collection. These galleries and apartments are 
all vaulted, and all painted with different efiect, by psiiinters of 



SlllPPLfiMENT. 733 

idi'fiereht seras Und talents. The paintings have all some re" 
ference to literature saCred or profane, and- take in a vast scope 
of history and mythology. The books are kept iii Cases ; and 
in the Vatifcan, the traveller in vain seeks for that pompous 
display of volumes, which he may have seen and admired in 
other libraries. Their number has never been accurately 
stated, some confine it to 200,000, others raise, it 16 400,000, 
and many svvell. it to a million. The mean is probably the 
most accurate. But the superiority of this library arises not 
from the quantity of its printed books, but. the multitude of its 
MSS. vifhich are said to amount to more than 50,000.'* Vol. i. 
pp. 289, 290. 2d edit. , 

P. 628. Westminster Li BiiARy .-^Catalogue of books in 
the Westminster library. London, 1808, 8vo. . . ' ■ 
The Westminster library is now held iti Jenhyni.street, St; James's : 
it was instituted in 1775 j and, a few years since, a' junction was 
made with the iLondon iiira;^,-^ similar establishment held in 
■ the city. The aggregate collection comprises a large numbei" of 
Valuable works in eVery department of-literature, to which the 
proprietors and Subscribers have daily access. Besides the libraryi 
in which Newspapers are kept, there is a convenient Reading 
Room, expressly appropriated to the use of sueh of theprbpiietors 
'and subscribers as may *ish to peruse Books, MohthlyPublica- 
tions, and Foreign Journals, at the house of the Institution ; and 
"all may have books at their respective houses, in certain propor- 
tions. The library is open from nine o'clock in the morning 
till eleven at night ; but no books are delivered after five- in the 
evening. 

P. 629. Bodleian Library.— 7. A catalogue of the books, 
relating to British Topography, and Saxon and Northern Lite- 
rature, bequeathed to the Bodleian libtary, in the year 1799, 
by Richard Gough, Esq. , F. S. A. Oxford, at the Clarendon 
Press, 18U. 4to. 

The lovers of British literature and antiquities are greatly indebted 
to the Rev. B. Bandinel, the present learned keeper, of the Bod- 
kian Ubraryj and to the delegates of the Oxford press, for this 

3 C 



754 SUPPLEMENT. 

well'CompIIed and handsomely printed volumer The catalogue, 
here announced, Mr. B. states, " has been formed as nearly as 
possible on the plan adopted by Mr. Gough himself, in his 
British Topografhi/, The book; are arranged according to coun-i 
ties, and where it was practicable, chronologically. A very full and 
perfect.index of names will be found at the end ; so that it is 
hoped the present attempt ,will possess the advantages both of an 
alphabetical, and of a classed catalogue." 

P. 628. BoDLKiAN LIBRARY.— ^Another partial catalogue" of 
this library was published in 1642, in ismo. by John Vemual, 
or Vemwlius, It is intituled, A Nomenclator of suck tracts and 
sermons as ha-ve beene printed or translated into English upon any 
place or booke of Holt/ Scripture^ Noiv to he had in the most 
famous and pubtiqve library of Sir Thomas Bodley, in Oxford, 
This work bears some resemblance tp Mr. Lettsome's Preacher's 
Assistant, The authors, who have written on entire books of 
Scripture, are first given j andthen each expositor's name is af- 
fixed to the different verses, on which he has composed a com- 
mentary, sermon, &c. References are also introduced to the dif- 
ferent places in the Bodleian library, where the books were 
deposited in 1642. The book was foirmerly in some request^ 
as two editions were published within a short time: it is now 
cluefly curious as indicating, the authors, wl^o were recommended 
to the notice of students in divipity, at the pejiod when the hook 
was published. 

P. 635. Advocates' Library^— An Appendix to this cata- 
logue was pubMshed in 1787, which has probably been since con- 
tinued ;.though the author has not met with a copy of it, 

P. 665. One of the 10 copies of the splendid folio edition qf 
Aristdtle's poetics, raentiotaed in this p^ge as being reserved in the 
handsof the trustees, of the Clarendon press, has veiyrecentiy 
beenpresented to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent. 

P. 683. BiBtioTHECA Townleiana. — ^A catalogue of the 
curious and extensive library of the late John Towneley, Esq, 
Part I. Londpn, 1814. Svo, 

While these supplemental pages are passing through the press, the 
Srst part of Mr. Towneley's library is announced for sale, by Mr* 



SUPPLEMENT. '?55 

Evans, in Pall Mall, on the 8th of June, and si^t following days. 
Extended as the present work is, beyond the limits originally 
contemplated, the author cannot, in justice to the Bibliographical 
Student, omit to notice a few particulars relative to this 'collection t 
which, though comprising only 90S articles, offers to the amateur 
and book-collector some of the rarest speciriiens of typographic 
and calligraphic excellence. We pass over the riumerous and 
very fine productions of the presses of Caxton, Pynaon, Wynkyn 
de Worde, Maehlinia, Wyer, Scoloker, and other early printers, 
the publications of Heame, many of which are on large paper, the 
splendid numismatic, and other miscellaneous books, forming an 
extraordinary' assemblage of the first rarity. 

PRINTEJD BOOKS. 

No. ^, 

618. Horae Beatae Marije Virglnls adusura insignis ecclesiae Sarum. 4to. 

Printed on vellum by Julian Notary, excessively rare. 4to. 1503. 

619. Heures k I'usage de Eome, tout au Jong sans rien reqUerir, royal 

8V0i Printed upon VS1A.VW. Paris, par Gillet Hardouin. Each 
page is decorated with a border, containing a series of engravings: 
the large plates are richly illuminated and bound in green 
moroccoi 

§20. Beures a I'usage de Paris au long, avec la Vie de Thobie et de 
Judit. Printed o» vellum, with large plates and engraved Borders. 
Paris pour Estienne d' Affray. 

845, Rudbeckii Atlantica, cum figuris et tabulis. folio. 5 vols. Vpsalie 
16*?9, 1689, and 1698. 
The EXCESSIVE rarity of this valuable book is well known. Mmst 
every copy of the third volume was destroyed iy afre ; of the very 
few which escaped the flames, scarcely any have the index. De 
Bure says, the only copy with the' Index which he had been able to 
see, was Gaignaes: this copy has the index, and conforms to De 
Bure's description. It has been the snbjectof controversy, whe- 
ther there were two editions of the first volume, as ft is some- 
times seeii with a date and sometimes without. To render this 
copy as complete as possible, there is a duplicate of the first 
volume: the title of one copy has the date, and the other iy 
without, 

MANUSCRIPTS. 

These are forty-two in number, all distinguished for their, beautiful 
execution and fine condition. Four only can be noticed. 
3 C 2 



756 SUPPLEMENT. 

No. 

884. HomeRi IitAS, cum scholiiset glossis iaterlinearibus. Codex Vet- 
vetustus Membranaceus, (supposed txj have been written about 
the year 900.) , 

This venerable manuscript opthe Iliad (we transcribe Mr.Evans's 
interesting note) is written upon vellum, in a very fair and legible 
hand. The margins are replete with most valuable and impor- 
tant scholia, Heyne has given a fac-simile of it in his Homer 
(Tab. D. vol. i.) It is well characterfsed by Noehden, " Litera- 
rnm ductus simplices, bene formati, sibi ubique constantes, ad 
legendum faciles: ipsse autem sunt altitudine media in textn, in 
Echoliis tertia fere parte minores." This is the identical manu- 
script which, was formerly in the possession of Victorius and Sal- 
viati at Florence, the supposed loss of which had been deplored 
for more than two centuries. Critics have unanimously assigned 
it to a very remote period of antiquity. " est ille codex pacilk 

OMNIUM QUOS HABEMUS UNA CUM VeNETIS ANTIQUISSIMUS, IDEMQUE 

IN optimis," says Heyne. " Lectionem Aristarcheam servat 
diligentius quam alii codices." With almost unexampled libe- 
rality, the late Mr. Charles Townley sent it to Heyne at Got-- 
tingen, when he was preparing his new edition of Homer. " Ma- 
luissem ipse codicem anteoculos habere peromne tempus, quod 
in observationibus consoribendis et critica lectionum exercenda 
exacturus eram ; enimvero hoc yetabat pudor mens," says that 
eminent critic. He repented, however, his unnecessary preci- 
pitation. " Cum autem postea varii lectionis comparationem 
cum aliquo apparatu facerem, eamque in observationes locis suis 
inferrem, ssepe pudoris mei poenitentia me incessit ; multoque 
magis, cum scboliorum fragmenta cum aliis compararemj tarn 
prteclara htEC esse intellexi, multoque magis in extremis libris, vidi 
enim esse ex anliquissimis." Oxford justly triumphs in the pos- 
session of her manuscripts of Plato and Euclid. The purchaser 
of this inestimable treasure will be congratulated by fut ure critics 
and bibliographers on the acquisition of the best manuscript or 

THE NOBLEST OP POETS. 

894. A Collection op English Mysteries or Theatrical Pageants. 
A volume, very fairly written upon vellum, in the reign of Henry 
VI. or Edw. IV. ; and, as it is supposed, formerly belonging to 
the Abbey of Widkirk, near Wakefield, in the county of York. 
It contains several mysteries, or theatrical pageants, constructed 
from incidents in the Old and New Testaments, differing entirely 
in language from the celebrated Chester andCoventry P/syi, though 
agreeing, with some few exceptions, in the subjects. 
6 



SUPPLEMENT. 757- 

No. 

There is very good reason for conjecturing that all the plays of 
this kind were composed by some ecclesiastical persons for the 
puqiose of being acted in the monasteries, as well as by the 
tradesmen's companies in various populous towns and cities. 

The work commences with a soliloquy by the Deity, and proceeds 
with the following pageanU : The Sacrifice of Abel 5 The Deluge, 
vnth a ludicrous and quarrelsome dialogue between Noah and his 
Wife 5 The Sacrifice of Isaac; Jacob; Moses; Pharaoh ; Caesar 
Augustus; Annunciation; Salutation; Adoration of the Shep- 
herds; Wise Men's Offering; Flight into Egypt; Herod's Slaugd- 
terof the Innocents; Purification; John the Baptist; Betray- 
-ing of Christ; Mocking of Christ; Flagellation; Crucifixion; 
Delivery of Souls from Purgatory ; Resurrection ; The Pilgrims; 
Saint Thomas of India; The Ascension ; The Last Judgment, j» 
which are many quaint and humourous dialogues of devils ; Lazarus, 
and concludes with the Death of Judas, which has been left un- 
finished. 

The preceding account was most obligingly communicated to Mr. 
Evans by Mr. Douce, a gentleman profoundly versed in thea- 
trical lore, and whose familiar acquaintance with our early 
English literature, at least equals that of the most learned of 
his contemporaries. After consulting with the same high autho- 
rity, Mr. Evans confidently asserts that no theatrical article 

OP EQUAL curiosity OK VALUE HAS EVER BEEN SUBMITTED TO PUBLIC 

competition. 
904. A MOST.BEAUTiruL MANUSCRIPT UPON VELLUM of the twelfth century 
(Latin), containing, 
I. A Letter of King Henry I. to Anselm, Abbot of St Edmunds, 
forbidding him to leave his Abbey. — II. Letter from Talbot, prior 
of St. Edmunds, earnestly intreating Abbot Anselm to return to 
his Abbey. — III. Augmentation of the pittances of the monks, 
by Abbot Anselm. — IV. List of the tenements whence the ex- 
penses were to be supplied. 

V. Legend for the Vigil of St. Edmund (one illuminated initial). 

VI. -The Life, Martyrdom, and Miracles op S. Edmund, in 

THIRTV-TWO SINGULARLY CURIOUS PAINTINGS OP THE EARLY PART 
. ' . OF THE TWELFTH CENTURY, exhibiting THE ARCHITECTURE, SHIPPING, 
ARMS, ARMOUR, AND VARIOUS HABITS OP THAT PERIOD, in the follow- 
ing subjects: 
1. Arrival of the Danes in Northumbria by Sea — %. They defeat 
the English.— 3. King Edmund receiving his arms.'<— 4.' His co- 
ronation.— 5. His liberality to the poor, &c. — 6. Arrival and 
dpscent of Hinguar in E. Anglia.— 7. Danes storming a town,— 



758 SUPPLEMENT. 

No. 

' 8. Hinguar dispatching a messenger to Edmunjy to demaad bi$ 
■ submission,— -9. Edmund receiving the, message. — 10. Hingnar 
informed of the feing's residence. — 11. Edmund seized by the 
Danes, — 12. Bound. — 13., Beaten.— 14. Tied to a tree. — 15. 
Shot with arrows. — 16. His head cut off. — Hid in a bush.— 17^ 
Betura of the Danes on board their vessels.^18. Edmund's body 
discovered.— 19. His head found in the paws of a woif.T-20. The 
head carried away, followed by ^he wolf, and 21 , Fitted to the: 
liody. — 22. Body cpnypyed to the grave. — 23. Buried. — '24. 
Thieves attempting to break into the church. — 25. Miraculously 
bound and brought before Bishop Theodred. — 2C,.He orders them 
to be hanged. — ?7. The body of Edmund taken away from his 
church through fear of the Danes, is denied admittance into hia 
house by a priest ; the house miraculously set on fire.— -28. The 
cart bearing the body passes over Stratford Bridge on one wheel. 
—29. A monii sent to warn Sweyn not to molest St, Edmund's 
monastery, is rudely driven away. — 30. St. Edmund in a vision 
■kills Sweyn— 31. We cannot interpret. — 32. Beatificatioit'of St. 
Edmund. 

VII, The Miracles of S. Edmund, in two books {with 23 elegantly 
iUuminated initials),,, differing considerably from those in the Bri- 
tish Museum by Hermannus and Osbertus de Claire, . M8S. Cott. 
Tib. B. ii. and Titus, A. viii, 

VIII, The Life of S. Edmundj Jhy Abbo Abbot of Fleury, with two 
illuminated initials. 

IX, The Legend of S. Edmund, with the responses, &c. seI to 
MUSIC, and 12 illuminated initials, (Mr: Evans's, note.) 

In a MS. memorandum, this- splendid ■ specimen of calligra|>hy is 

said to have been executed aboiiit t3ofi_ year 1100 : it is most cu- 

'riously bound in green velvet, ornamented with embossed silver 

studs, and the arms of a former possessor on enamel set in silverr 

905. A fair MS. in Latin, containing, 

1. Galfridus Monumetensis de gestis Britonum. 

2. A Short Description of England, Extent of each Kingdom in 
the Heptarchy, and List of Benedictine Monasteries in the Pro- 
vioce.of Canterbury. 

3. Chronicle of S. Bennets Hulme, from the Incarnation to A. D. 
1294, with Additions from A. D. 1185, and a Continuation t^ 
A. D. 1447, by a Canon of Hykeling, never printed. 

4. Chronicon Johannis de Oxenides. Ab A. D. 449 ftd' A,T3i 1393, 
t>ever printed, '. ,. 



CORRECTIONS. 

I>age-25. Of the Memoir on the Libraries of the Antients, last line but 

3 of the note, /or tom. 22. read torn. II. 
Page 153. Note last line hut i for Chap. II. Sect. III. read Chap. Ill, 
Page 239. Last line hut 3 far Section IX. read Section VIII. 
Page 341. Line VI. After Anthologia, add an Asterisk^. 

im. Line 24. for 1516 and 1517. read 1517 and 1519. 
Page 448. Line 2, dele Printing. 
Page 627. Line 5. for 12 read ten. 



APPENDIX. 



No. L 

BOOKS OF IMAGES. 
(Rtferred to, page 156. J 

The Books of Images, whose origin has already been 
notice^^, are justly regai-ded as the first atfempts at 
prihting ; and,' on accoiiiit trf the abbreviations of the 
letters as well as the rudeness of their 'form, they cati 
with difficulty be read. Maittaire, Clement, Schelhorn, 
Fournier the younger, Meerman, De Bure, Lambinet, 
Santander, Daunou, arid other Bibliographers, the 
most recent of whom is Mr, Dibdinf , have descnbeii 
them at considerable length: but the fullest general 
account is that of Baron Heinecken, who has giteh 
numerous ^osimiles of the plates, and has also indicated 
with considerable minuteness the variations, which mark 
the different editions. Bibliographers are not exactly 
agreed as td tTie number of these Books of Images'; 
iom^fildUg it at seven, while Heinecken has described ten, 
and has divided them into two classes, 1. Books of 
linages vtiithout any text accOMpawying them, but in 
which words and sentences are interspersed either ait 
the top, bottom, or middle 6f the plate or page, or in 
scrolls proceeding iioat the mouths of the figures intro- 
duced. 2. Books of Images acedtnpaniei laith text, 

"' * 5i<jbra,pp. 155, 156. , ^, ; ^,; 

f lo his splendid work Bii/ioMecaSpCTceriuBn, Vol. i. pp. iv— Ijii. 

a 



11 APPENDIX. 

which have words, &c. interspersed in the same manner 
as in the preceding class, bijt with the addition of some 
plates of explanatory matter. Both classes are engraved 
on wood. 

In works executed' at so remote a period as these 
confessedly were, certainty as to dates is hardly attain- 
able; but from the fullest consideration the author has 
been able to give this subject, he is disposed to follow 
Heinecken's arrangement, correcting however his state- 
ments, where the researches of subsequent bibliograr- 
phers have enabled them to rectify his errors, and also 
adding notices of some recently discovered works of 
this description. 



SECTION I. 

Books of Images without Text. 

1, HISTORIC V£TEltIS £T NOVI TESTAMENTI, SIVE BIBLIA PAU- 

PERUM. Latine. Small folio. 

Of all xylographic works, that is, such as are printed from 
wooden plates, the Bihlia PAtrPERUM, and the Speculum Sal- 
VATiONis *, are the most celebrated and best known to bibliogra* 
, phers, on account of the discussions to which they have given 
birth. Meerman has bestowed great labour, in endeavouring to 
secure to Coster the glory of having invented this and similar 
works; but as his s'y stem has already been exploded^ itmay be suffi- 
cient to refer the reader to the former part of the present volume. 
(See pp. 145 — 154, supra.) 

The Bi&lia Pauperum is unquestionably a very rare and antient 
book : the few copies of it, which are extant, are .for the most 
part either imperfect, or in a very bad condition ; which ought 
not to excite siuprise, when it is considered that this -work, being 
a kind of catechism of the Bible, was executed for the use of 
young persons and of the common people (whence its name, the 
Bible of the poor); who thus were enabled to acquire at a low price 
a knowledge of some of .the events recorded "in the' Scriptures. 
This will account for the destruction of almost every copy, by Td* 
peated use : in those times (Santander justly remaris), when the- 
art of printing was unknown, there were but few persons who 
could afford to give a hundred louis d'or for the manuscript of a 
eomplete Bible, 

* Se» Sect. II. No. 6. p. x. inSra, 



BOOKS OF IMAGES. iii 

TMs work consists of 40 plates, with extracts and sentences 
analogous to the figures and images represented, therein ; the whole 
are engraven on wood, on one side of the leaves of paper; so that, 
when folded, they are placed opposite to each othen Thus, as the 
white sides of the leaves may be cemented together, the total 
number is reduced to 20, because the first and last page remain 
blank. • Copies however are sometimes found, the leaves of which 
not having been cemented on their blank side, are 40 in number, 
like the plates. Each plate or page contains four busts, two at the 
top, and two at the bottom, togedier with three historical subjects V 
the two upper busts represent the prophets or other persons whose 
names are iways written beneath them ; the two lower busts are 
anonymous. The middle of the plates, which are all marked by 
letters of the Alphabet in the centre of the upper compartment*, 
is occupied by three historical pictures, one of which is taken from 
the New Testament : this is the type or principal, subject, and oc- 
cupies the centre of the page between the two anti-types or other 
subjects, which allude to it. The inscriptions, which occur at the 
top and bottom of the page, consist of texts of Scripture and 
Leonine verses. 

Thus in the 40th plate, of which our engraving is a copy f , the 
two busts of David and Isaiah are placed in the middle of the 
upper part of the page, between two passages of the Bible.' '"The 
first of these, on the left of those prophets, is partly taken from 
the Song of Solomon (chap. v. vv. 7, 8.) and runs thus: Legitur 
in Cantica Cdnticarum quarto capite, qUod (or quo) sponsus alloquitur 
sponsam, et earn sumendo dixit; " Tota pulchra es, arnica mea, el 
macula non est in te. Feni, arnica mea } -veni, coronabere" Sponsus 
•verus iste est Christus ; qui, in assumendo earn sponsam, qua est 
anime sine macula pmnis peccati, et introducit earn in requiem eter- 
nam, et coronat cum corona immortalitatis. 

The second passage, which is on the right of David and Isaiah, 
is taken from the Book of Revelations, and runs thus : Legitur in 
ApacalypsixxP.capite,quodangelus Dei apprehendit Jhoannem E-van- 
gelistam, cum esset in spiritu, et volens siSi ostendere archana Dei 
dixit ad eum ; '* Feni, ' et ostendam tibi sponsam, uxorem agni.". An' 
gehis.loigAturadomnes * * * * J, «f vetiiant ad auscultandum in 
jponsum, agnum innocentem Christum, animas innocentes coro- 
nantem. 

Beneath the bust of David which is indicated by his name, is a 

scroll proceeding from his hand inscribed • * * * J sponsus domimu 

procedens de thalamo sua. _^ _ 

Beneath Isaiah is ysaye tii, with a label proceeding from his 

hand, inscribed * * * -* J sponsus decoravit me corona. 

The letter , b , between these two Isabels, denotes the or4e|",jOf 

* These letters Mr. Dibdin thinks are the origin of signatures. Bib. 
Spenc. vol. i. p. xxvi. 

f Made fiom the exemplar, which was the late Mr. Willett's. See the 
engravi ng on wogd facing the title-page.. .. . ~, 

% Two words are here omitted ; they are so abbreviated in the onginal, 
as to defy interpretation. 

a 2 



IV APPENDIX. 

tlie plate or page, as the cuts in this work follow each otlier ac- 
cording" to two sets of alphabets, each of which extends from a 
to b bmy : when the first series is completed, a second is begun, 
the letters of which are distinguished by two points . a . . 6 . 
. c . &c. 

In the central compartment, between the busts above described, 
is the type or principal subject : it represents the rewards of the 
righteous in the eternal world, and the Redeemer is introduced as 
Isestowing the crown of life on one of the elect spirits. The 
antitype on the left is the Daughter of Sion, crowned by her 
spouse with the following Leonine verse, 

XjUUs artime vere ipomwn bene lensit haberf. 

The antitype on the right is an angel, speaking to St. John, with 
this verse beneath : 

Spansut amifi sporuam Christus nimis et speeiosam. 
From the left hand figure of the bust at the bottom of the plate, 
prpceeds this label : corona tua * * * * f, ^ calciame (ntum ?) 
ipebo (impetrabo ?) with a reference to Ezekiel, ch. xxui. which 
bowevef tlirows no light whatever on the subject. 

From the figure oji the right proceeds the label, sfomabo te in 
letnpiternum, &c. with a reference to the prophecy of Hosea, ch. v. 
Heinecken, who ha^ examined several copies of this work with 
minute attention, has discovered five different editions of the Biblia 
Pauperara ; the fifth is easily known, as it has^*^ plates. In exe- 
cuting the other four editions, the engravers, he observes, have 
worked with such exactness, that there is very little difeence be- 
tween any of them, so that it is impossible to determine which is 
the.firit. "Xhs atteptiye bibliographer, who has the good fortune 
to examine these precious memorials of the typographic art, will 
discover several variations. These are pointed out by Heinecken, 
who h:s dfiscnbed the subjects of the diflerent plates or leaves with 
much niiniitehess : as his interesting w<ork is in the hands of every 
bibliograplier and amateur, it will be sufficient to refer to his Jdet 
_£une Calhction Jj'Eitampej, pp. saa-r— 333 ; from which Santander 
ha§ Sibridged his neat account. Diet, du xv. Steele, vol. ii. pp. 207 — 
_^10. Lambinet {Recherches mr P Impdmerie, pp. 61 — 72;) and 
IJaunou {Analyse des Opinions sur fOrigine de I' Imprimerie,pp. 7 — 
IS) have short hut interestine notices, relative to this and 4ie other 
5ooks of Images, which will repay the trouble of perusal to those 
who have not the dear volume of Heinecken, or the ekborate work 
of Santander. 

"As Heinecken has not ventured to assign any age to the curious 
work we have ju?t been describing, it may be perhaps deemed pre- 
sumptuous In the author to propose a date. It is apprehended that 
Mr. Dibdin has d»ted it too low, in fixing it to the year 1 450. Al- 
though the design of the cuts is certainlynot in so lourd andgothipit 

f The contractions in the original render this passage unintelligible. 



BOOKS OF IMAGES. v 

astvleasHeinecken ascribes to them, yet the execution of them 
On the wood-blocks is cpnfeseedly very coarse, as our specimen 
(^frhich is an exact fac-simile) will abundantly prove. The form of 
the letters also is too pothic, and too void of proportion to bear so 
late a date : in fact, if they be compared with the letters exhibited 
in some of the fac-similes in the Biiliotheca Spenceriana (which 
are supposed to have been executed between 1420 and 1430), the 
similarity of coarseness in the shape of the letters, will rencter it 
probable that the Biblia Pauperum is nearly of equal antiquity. In 
Fact it is this V^ery coarseness of the letters (as Heinecke'K has re- 
marked} which has caused the edition above described to be pre- 
ferifed to every other of the Biblia Pauperum : the difference in the 
prices given for the different editions also is very great. That 
which Ileinecken describes as the first (and which is heie de- 
scribed), cost at the sale of M. de Boze, in 17SS, fooo livres, 
(43/, t5i.).; at the sale of M. Gaignat in 1769, 830 livres (36/. 6s.) ; 
at the sale of M. Paris, in 1791, 51/; ; and at that of Mr. Wilfett, 
in 1813, 245 guineas. The edition, described by Heinecfeen as the 
aeeondv produced at M. Verdussen's sale, in 1776, 250 florins of. 
exchange, (about 24/.); at that of M. la ValHere, in 1788, 780 
livres, (34/. 2j. 6di); and at that of M. CreVenna, in 1789, 946 
livres, (41/. 7j. 9^^ 

' Copies of the Kb^ Pauperum are in his Majesty's librafy {iat- 
merly Gadgnat's copy); in those of Earl Spencer, and the Marquis 
of Brandfbrd ; the Bodleian and Corpus Christi Libraries, at Ox- 
ford ; in Bennet College Library* Cambridge ; in the Hunterian 
Museum, Glasgow (it is very imperfect) ; m the RoyU Library,' 
Paris (formeriy Valliere's copy, it is imperfect) ; and in the Public 
Library, Basle. 

2. HISTOItlA SANCTI JOHANNIS EVANGELISTS, EJ USQUE VISIONES 

APOcALYPTi'CE. Small folio. 

This work consists of 48 plates or pages of figures ind text, 
printed on One side only : almost all the plates are' divided into 
i^o parts ; and the passajges of Scripture are very short. The sub- 
ject of die' book is, the history of the EvaBgelist St'. Johli, and 
his visions va the isle of Patmos: the texts are taken from' the first 
to the twenty-second chapter of the book of Revelations inclu- 
sive. Heihecken has described lix different editions of The 
Apocalyptic 'Visions, and considers tHe copy which he foilnd in the 
abbey of Gottweich in Austria as the most ancient. A fihe copy i^^ ' 
the work is in Lord Spencer's library,^ 'tt^hich corresponds in soflie 
respects vrith Heinecken's account of the first edition, and in others 
with that of the second edition : it is copiously described in the 
Bib. Spenc. vol. i.pp. vii— XV, and is illustrated with several curious 
fec-simfles, the most valuable of which is an impression from an ori- 
ginal block of tiie Apocalypse (supposed to be executed between 
the years 1420 and 1430), now in Lord Spencer's 'spfeiidi'd collection. 
Copies of tliis work are m his Majesty's library (it is theflfth edition, 
and was formerly M. Gaignat's); in the Hunterian' niuseura, Glaa* 
^w } and in the royd library at Paris ; the last was forinerly.in 



vi APPENDIX. 

possession of the Due de la Valliere. See Heinecken, pp. S34-;^S73; 
Lambinct, pp. 64 — 66 ; Santander's Diet, du xv. sieele, torn. iii. pp: 
23—25. 

3. HISTORIA VIRCINIS MARl^, EX CANTICO CANTICOKUM. 

Small foli'o. 

This book of images is exceedingly rare : it consists of 16 pages 
of figures, and texts selected fron^ die Song of Solomon, which are 
printed on one side only. Each page is divided into twa allegorical 
subjects relative to the life of the Virgin Mary; in which the sen- 
tences from that book appear on large scrolls,interspersed among the 
figures; so that for the 16 pages,of which thework consists, 32 plates 
are to be reckoned; they have no mark or signature. Two editions 
of this wo'rk are knoy^n, both of which are withgut date. Mr. Dib- 
din has giveti three fac-similes of the more afitient edition, which 
is in Lord Spencer'spossession. See Bib. SpenCvol. i. pp. Xxxvi 
— xliii. A similar copy is in the Bodleian Library, and in the Cra- 
cherode collection in the British Museum. The copy of the His' 
tpria VirginU in the library at Haerlem contains only Ki»e,pages in- 
stead of 16: it is evidently pnother edition, which Jileermsn has en- 
graved in his ninth plate, and, for the honour of Coster, asserts to be 
the earliest ; his ai-guments however are so weak, that Heinecken has 
availed himself of them to prove the contrary. See his /rf/s d' 
JEstamfies, pp. 374 — 377. Lambinet mentions a copy of this work 
as being in the Royal Library at P^ris, dated 1470. {Recherches, p. 
67.) The date of the edition now under notice is about 1430. M. 
Seiz assigns to it the date of 1433. {Annus Teriiui artis Tyfogra-' 
fhic^fP. 156.) 

4. HISTOKIA beats; UAV.IM VIRGINIS EX EVANGELISTIS ET PATRI- 
BUS EXCEEPTA ET PER FIGURAS DEMONSTRATA. Small folio, 

This history of the blessed Virgin Mary, which professes to be 
extracted froiji the Evangelists and' Fathers, is of extreme rarity. 
Like tlie preceding work, it consists of 16 pieces or plates printed 
on one side of the paper; but is more modern, though the composi- 
tion of the bpok proves it (as Heinecken has observed) to belong to 
the times of ignorance and barbarism. Daunou thinks it cannot be 
anterior to the year 1457 ; {Analyse des opinians, p. 14.) The au^. 
thor's design is to provfe the possibility of the Saviour's being born 
of a virgin, by producing various passages of sacred and profane 
history, whicn are marvellous enough. The two first plates repre- 
sent each two doctors' of the church, viz. Saints Gi'egory and Je- 
rome, Auj.ustine and Ambrose: each of the, others contains four 
subjects, relative to the history of the .Virgin; one plate only com- 
prises three subjects. Tiie first subject of the third plate is the An- 
nunciation, with the following inscription in Leonine verstes : 

Mic transire ca've, nisipriui dixeris a-ve. 

Hac nim vade "via, nisi prius dixeris Ave 

Maria gratia flena. 
The other plates are inmutely described by Heinecken. One copy 



BOOKS OF IMAGES. vii 

•aly is^Jcnown to be in existence, which was in the coliection of, 
M. Girardot de Prefond. . See Heinecken (pp. 378—383), who has- 
copied the last plate. 
■ To this class also may be referred: 

5. EXERCITIUM SUPER PATEIfNOSTER. Cum fgUris ItgnO 

iiicisis. Folio. 

This xylographic work is of the greatest rarity and value, and • 
becomes the more interesting, as it has not been mentioned by any , 
bibliographer, before M. Santander, to whom we are indebted for the 
present notice^ The Exercitium consists of 10 plates engraven oij 
wood, on one side only of the paper, with a brief explanation beneath 
each plate : the whole bears the marks oi the 'greatest antiquity. 
M. Santander has not indicated where, or in whose possession, tfiis 
precious relic is deposited: and as his description is too long to"' 
admit even of abridgment, the present notice must be confined to ' 
the subject of a single plate, which will sufficiently evince the de-' 
sign-^of the work. : We select the fourth : 

This plate is explanatory of the petition Ad-veniat Regnum' tuum. 
At the bottom appears hell and in it are three figures with the follow- 
ing denominations : 

Pagani ; Judei ; malus xpianus. 
Above is purgatory, whence an angel is delivering a soul, who is 
uttering, Educta sum de carcere : another soul, who is comforted by 
a second angel, bears this inscription, Consolationes tue letificaverunt 
me : and finally a, diird soul, desolate and apparently abandoned, is 
uttering : 

Miseremini niei salte vos amici mei. , ., 

On the left are two figures denominated fra^^r and Orario, with- 
this inscription, Adveniat .Regnum tuum, and above that is the Al- 
mighty. At the top of the plate the same words occur again, with 
the explanation in four printed lines : this petition is thus explained 
-^Adveniat regnum tuum capti'-vis in purgatorio liberatis. For a fur- 
ther account of the present work, consult Santander, Dicf. CAo«V. 
tom. ii. pp. 402 — 407. ■ " 



SECTION II. 
Books of Images with Text. 

1. BER ENTKKIST. OF ANTICHRIST. Small foUo. 

This xylographic book is of extreme rarity: it consists of 39 ' 
leaves printea on one side from wooden blocks. The rfcfo of the- 
first leaf is blank; but on the -verso is a discourse in German of 32 
lines, and the two last leaves also contain a passage from the 
Scriptures. All the others contain figures engraved on wood, inter- 
spersed with explanations, except the 28th, which has only sounes ^ 
of text without any figures ; so that the entire work^corapnses 39 
plates engraved on wood, of which four only have no figures. The 
whole 'work is minutely described by Hemeiken, pp. 38^^393. 
Though the figures are in a Gothic style, they are better designed 



vfir APPENDIX. 

aftd executed than the Historia Virginis Mari« above de^ 
scribed. (No. 3. p. vi.) A fine copy of this work is in Earl Spen- 
cer's library, and isi described in5iW. Spenc.yol. i. pp. xxxi~xx3^,' 
It should be observed that, although in the preceding notice the Book 
of Antichrist is stated according to Heinecken and Santander to con- 
sist of 39 leaves, the book probably terminates with the 27th im- 
pression, and the 28th to die S9th inclusive belong to the follow- 
v^^ wi)rk which Mr. Dibdin notices as a distinct puWicatibri. "He 
calls it 

2- aWINDECIH Sl&NA KXTREMl JUDICI! DIEM PBJECKDENTIA. 

(In German). Small folio. 

These fifteen signs which precede the last judgment have a 
Grerman preface on tine recto of the first leaf in LortfSpeBcer's co- 
py, stating. the signs which are to be the forerunner of that solemn 
event 5 this corresponds with the 28th page of the book last, de- 
scribed, which contains the same number of lines (ao) explanatory 
of the same subject. The whole of these signs are given by Mr. 
Dibdin {Bit.. Spent, vol. i. pp. xxx, xxxi) wfii a fac-simile of the 
tenth sign: they correspond in the main with those described 
by Heinecken (pp. S90, 391). The date assigned by the former to 
this and the preceding book of Antichrist is, about 1430, though 
I)aunou is of opinion that they are subsequent to 1457. 

3. Ans MEMORANDI NOTABILIS PEU FIGURAS EVANGELISTARUM 
VEL MEMORIALE ftUATUOR EVANGELISTAKUM. Small folfo. 

This very rare work, which is engraven on wood in the same 
style as the Biblia Pauperum (No I pp. ii — v supra) and the 
Speculum SaJv^tionis (No VI infra p. x — ^xii), is perhaps the earliest 
attempt BXtan^ towards a system of artificial memory. This art of 
learning by heart the four Evangelists comprises 30 plates, IS of 
text and is of figures, which are printed on one ade of the paper. 
The Gospel of St. John (whose emblem is an eagle*) stands, first in 
the book ; it has 3 pages of text and 3 of figures, and the text 
begins with Ars memorandi Slc. To St. Matthev/ (whose sign 
is an angel) S pages of text and an equal number of figures are 
allotted. A fac-simile of this evangelist is given in the Bib. Spenc. 
p. vi. To St. Mark are appropriated 3 pages of figures, and an 
equal number of text ; a lion rampant is his emblem i lastly, St. 
Luke has 4 pages of figures, and a similar quantity of text. Hei- 
Mcken has given a fac-simile of this evangelist's, sign in his 1 7tb 
plate. The pages of the text are numbered by the letters of die 
^phabet: the images or figures have none. The characters are ' 
?ery large, and resemble the letters we see inscribed on antient 
tombstones and other public monuments as well as those in missals 
executed for the use of choirs in churches. Two editioiis have 
bjeen described by Heinecken, the first is worked off with a dirty 
farownisb. sojt of printing ink, which is paler than that of the se- 
cond ;. and its whole design and execution are coarser and more in- 

* It is engraved t>y Hi-.iufecketi, plate 18. 



BOOKS OF IMAGES. ia 

degant. The beginmng and end of the first leai of both these edi« 
tions are nven by Heinecken (plate 16): though no date has been 
assigned by him,.it is evident t£at ihe first editipn of the v^ri memo' 
ratidi. is very antient^probably (as Mr.Dibdin observes) about the year 
14.S0. _ Copies of it are in his Majesty's Library, in the Bodleian li. 
brary, in those of Earl Pembroke and Earl Spencer : there is also 
one in the Public Library at Nuremberg, which was given to it by 
M. Solger. Lambinet mentions another in the Roy^ Library at 
Parts, containing yor/'^-fij^ plates, the figjires of which are coarsely 
eoIouBEd{Re<rAerfte, p^ 68). 

4. ARS MOBIENDI, 4t0, Ct folio. 

The Art of Dying, or the temptations of the dying by evil 
spirits, is one of the most curious xylographic productions: it ie 
ascribed by Santander to Matthsus de Cracovia, concerning whom 
little is knowp. That it was one of the most popular books is 
evident, from the number of copies, which have come down to our 
times. Seven Latin editions of this work are described by Hei- 
liteken, and two in German, all of which are executed on wooden 
blocks. Two, however, are considered the most antientj one in 
small folio, and the other in 4to : the latter he considers the 
most recent, merely from the circumstance of its being in 4to ; 
dtherwise it possesses all the marks of the ^highest antiquity. As 
the folio edition contains some striking variations from the4to, Mr. 
Dibdin is of opinioq, that diis was the earliest executed : he has 
copiously described Eafl Spencer's copy, and interspersed in his 
account several spirited fac-siniiles {Bib. S^enc. vol. i. pp. xv. — 
^iv). The. number of plates, of figures, and of text is -the same 
in both editions, to. eJe-ven of each : the number of lines, and the 
order of the plates or pages vary a litde ; the subjects, however, 
are die. same W b^th,. excepting, that in the plate inscribed Intende 
Thesauro (thejf^A of the folio), in the lower compartment of the 
piece, there is a man leading a horse into the stable ; near which in 
a. cellar are seven barrels, and a man t^iping one of them. In the 
corresponding impres^on (which is the ninth^ in the quarto edi- 
tion, "the man is dragging rather than leading the horse; and in 
the cellar there are three b^els only, arranged with less accuracy 
of perspective, 2Xi& <aiithoui any man in the act of broaching or 
tapping." As the latter is the more simple representation, Mr. 
Dibdk infers from this ch-cumstance, that the 4to is the more an-- 
tient ; the introduction of the tapster appearing to be the after- 
thought of a more refined artist. {,iih. Sptne. vok i. p. xxt. 
tMei) 

. Tne work is printed on one side only, the ink in both the folio' 
and 4to editions is very pak,and thediesiffn of the fim»es is' coarse 
and heavy, interspersed however with omers which are uncom- 
monly well executed for the time ; and the characters are thick, 
apparently as if joined together by the hand; the preface occupies 
the two first leaves : the twenty-tw® others consist of efeven of text 
and eleven of impressions. In all the sick man is represented^ as 
lying'On )m bed surrounded by angels, demons, and other personi .' 
8 



X . APPENDIX. 

■As both Heinecken and Mr. Dibdin have described the Subjects of 
these engravings at considerable length, it will be sufficient to state 
that the ten first impressions exhibit alternately, a diabolic tempt- 
ation, and asuegestion of a contrary nature by a good angel. In 
the last, the soul o£ the dying man being carried away by angels, 
the conquered demons are represented as venting their rage in the 
most hideous and grotesque attitudes that can well be ima^gined. 
See Heinecken, pp. 399 — 428. A copy, whichxorresponds with the 
seventh edition, as described by him, is in Earl Spencer's collec- 
tion, and is briefly noticed in the Bib. Spenc. pp. xxiv, xxv. See 
also Clement's Bibliotheque Curieiise, torn. vi. pp. 143, et leq. who is 
referred to by M. Daunou, and Mr. Dibdin. 

5. suJETs tire's de l'ecrituue svinte. — Subjects taken from 
the Bible, 4to. 

This small work; to which Heinecken has given the above title, is 
in the University Library at Altdorf : it has no title-page, and com- 
prises thirty-two leaves, each containing an image in its upper part, 
beneath which are fifteen Gennan verses illustrative of the subject ; 
the whole is executed on wooden blocks. As the tract is desti- 
tute of ciphers and every other mark that can lead to any certaia 
result, he conjectures that it is imperfect. The images are executed 
in the same style as those in the central compartments of the im- 
pressions in the iii/ia /'«2<^fra>».' the letters also ai"e gothic, and 
the ink is pale. Heinecken has stated the contents of this work, 
and copied the first piige or plate, which represents Adam and Eve 
in Paradise. {Idee d'Estdmpes, pp. 429 — 431.) M. Daunou classes 
it among works executed subsequently to the year 14S7. {Analyse 
des Opinions, p. 14.) 

6. SPECULUM HtTMANiE SALVATIONIS. Small foHo. 

Of all the antient books of images, which preceded the invention 
of printing, the Speculum Salutis (as the present work is frequently 
termed) is confessedly the most ^perfect, both in its design and exe- 
cution. . This compilation is a collection of historical passages 
from the Scriptures, with a ,few from profane history which allwle 
to them; and is ascribed.by Heinecken (and after him byLambi- 
net) to a Benedictine monk, named brother John, in the isthor 
14th century. So. popular was this Mirror of Salvation, that it was 
translated into the German, Flemish and other languages, and very 
frequently printed. There are two Latin editions extant, without 
date, both are of extreme rarity : the impressions in both (63 in 
number) are executed from the same blocks: but in that which is 
reputed to be the first, the explanations of the 1st, 2nd, 4th, Sth, 6th, 
7th, sth, 9th, lOth, 11th, 13th, .14th, 16th, I7th, 21st, 22nd, 26th, 
27th, 46th and 55th plates are printed on wooden blocks, while the 
5 leaves of the preface and the text belonging to the remaining 38 
plates are wholly executed with fiisUe types. The preface, which 
is printed *in long lines, is written in a kind of rhyming Latin 
verses; the two first thus announce the title of the compilation: 



To face Page xi of the Appendix. 







Itiflfiu 



^ 5i^Ktiut'hmr,aDpTnflpi>ffilim0fci(iia 



wnane faluado^is fUuIicr aute Tpatjito eft JotmaKt 

' tioT9 ^ tnoD? tCEacM^ fee cote \)m Tounimh'^ eftipatata 

ijotno CDfttmre ^ "^t^S MipCaquobmo Cu? t)^ Ijoc Jtmijlf 

£ti?rrrinli lioiemmiJe m9 etia T lorto tJdfwpfet^ tuaftnainb 

HILE OF THE FIRST PLATE OF THE SPECULUM HUMANJE SALVATIONIS. 

upposed to have been executed between the years 144U and 1457. 



Leejir 



BOOKS OF IMAGES. xi 

Prohemum cujusdam incipit nmce compitationis ; 
■ Cujus Twmen et titulks est specuhim humana; siihattonis, , . 

But the expository matter , at the foot of the different plates, is in two 
columns. Gf the first edition, Heinecken has copied the first plate, 
not very accurately as many bibliographers have remarked ; and of 
the second edition he has given a fac-simile of the last plate. The 
engraving, which faces this page, is a fac-simile'of the first plate of 
the earliest edition, with eight hnes (four in each column) of the ex- 
planatory text; it has been exactly traced from the copy that was in 
the late Mr. Willett's fine collection of early printed books, (No. 
sSiS) and was purchased by Mr. Sin^r at his sale for die sum 
o{£3iS. ' - 

The specimen referred to is divided into two compartments, sepa- 
rated (as all the other plates are) by a small pillar : that on the left 
hand exhibits tlie fall of Lucifer and his angels; in the centre is 
represented the Son of God, denouncing vengeance against his re- 
bellious subjects,'while the angels who detained their £legiance are 
thrusting them headlong down to hell, "whose jaws are widely dis- 
tended to receive them; horror and angiiish.are depicted in the 
countenances of the fallen spirits who are delineated in the most 
grotesque attitudes imaginable. It might almost serve (if so grave 
a subject would admit of it) as a caricature illustration of the sub- 
Hme description which Milton has given (Par. Lost, book VI. w. 
745 — 8S6) of the defeat and precipitation of- Satan and his angels 
into the bottomless abyss. Beneath this compartment is inscribed 
Casus Luciferi. 

In the right hand compartment is represented the creation of 
Eve who is springing out of Adam's side, and is apparently receiv- 
ing her instiTictions from the lips of her Creator. The inscription 
^neath this compartment is, Dominus crea-vit homines ad imagines 
et similitudines suas. The verses beneath in two columns, are Dlus- 
trative of the general subject of the work. They are as follow: 

Incipit speculum humante Saluacionis, 

In quo ptttet casus hominis et modus reparacionis. 

In hoc specula potest homo considerare 

Suam ob causam creator omnium decrevit kominem creare. 

Mvlier autem in paradzso est formata, 

De costis viri dormientis est parata. 

Deus animem ipsa'm quo damno supra vinim hominem stasit 

* * * * ena ' in loco volupiaiis ptasmanit. 

The preceding specimen and remarks apply to what is reputed 
to be the first edition, the date of which is not known, but was pro- 
bably between 1440 and 14S7 : the second Latin edition differs from 
it only in having the whole of the explanatory text printed with 
fiisile types, exactly resembling those employed for part of the let- 
ter>-press of the first edition. 

Of the translations into other European languages, the most cele- 
brated is the Flemish: two editions of this are extant, both in foliof 

! The erigina) is unintelligible. 



xii APPENDIX. 

and the second difiers from the first, chiefly in having the explana- 
tory letter-press of plates 45 and 46 printed with a smaller type, 
^eerman has given a fac-simile of the first Flemish edition (vol* ii. 
tab. 3), which ne fruitlessly endeavours to prove to hiive been exe^ 
cuted by Coster. It is copied with better success than Heinecken's 
engraving of the first Latin edition, but still inadequately represents 
the work. A copy of this first Flemish edition was purchased by 
Messrs. Longman and Co. at the sale of Mr. Willett's library, for 
£252, It is now in the possession of Earl Spencer. 

A few words will suffice for the other versions. That in the 
German, lajiguage has been printed several times : the most antiMit 
edition is in folio, in which <he Latin text accompanies the transla/- 
tion ; Heinecken has given fac-similes of the two first plates or vig- 
nettes. It is without date, printer's name, and place, but with the 
characters of Gunther Zainer who printed at Augsburg, about the 
year 1471. Another equally rare German edition, but without the 
Latin text, was printed at Basle, by Bernard Richel, in 1476, folio. 
Of the French translation, an edition was printed at Lyon in 1483» 
folio, and afterwards at Paris, in folio^ without date, by Nicholas, 
Desprez for Jean Petit. The Royal library at Paris possesses a 
copy of the first Latin edition of this work. Lambinet mentions 
other copies that were in the possession of diflerent public libraries, 
before the. R.evolution in France. See his Recherc/ies, pp. 70 — 74. 
Heinecken's Jjiee d' Eitampes, pp. 432— 4;78. 

7. DIE KUNST cyhomantia. Tile Chiromancy of Dr. 
Hartlieb. Folio. 

This wOrk is in the German language, and comprises 24 leaves 
printed on both sides frdrii wooden blocks, except the first and last 
which are blank. It is in three numbers, marked at the bottom with 
the letters (a. 8. c,), each containtng four sheets or eight leaves. At 
the be^Bfling and end of the book there is a single leaf, containing' 
the title above given, and followed with an ornament. The date of 
1448 am Fritag naeh conceptionis Marie •vitginis, which appears at 
the beginning, must refer to. the tiitie when the work was composed 
or designed : it was afterwards epgraved at Augsburg by Jorg. 
Schaff, as appears by the words iovg scfiaDff 3U aua?puvjj, which are 
to be found at the end. Daunou places it among the works exe- 
cuted subsequently to the year 1457. Three fac-similes are given 
by Heinecken. See his Idee d' Estampes, pp. 479 — 482. Daunou, 
Analyse dei Opinions, p. 14. 



We conclude this account of the Books of Images, already per- 
haps- too much protracted, by a brief notice of a work which be- 
longs to the same class, though executed about 100 years after- 
walrds. It is the celebrated work, Teurdancths!*,'Vfbich for nearly 
t|u'ee centuries has been the constant theme of admiration and 
study among artists and bibliographers. Its title is as follows : 

* Referred to, from p. 341, supra. 



BOOKS OF IMAGES. xiii 

pie GeuerUchten und attsteiU der gesehiehten desloHkhen jtretftiparett 
und hfckberumbten helds und rittefs herr Teurdancthf. i, e. The 
high feats of arms and jperilous adventures of the illustrious^ 
celebrated and warlike hero ^ni knight, Tfurdancths. Nurem- 
berg, printed by Hannsen Schonsperger, 1517 ; folio. 

This work is an allegorical poem, relative to the aupfials of the 
emperor Maximilian I. (under the concealed name of the knight 
Tejirdancths) with the princess Maria of Burffundy : it is.writt?j» 
in Teutonic verse, and is by some bibliographers ascribed to the. 
eriaperor himself, while others attribute it to Melchior Pfintzing, 
one of his chaplains. The work, is ornamented with 1 18 wood-cuts' 
engraved by Hans Sibald or Hans ScheifFelein, which appear as clear 
and fresh as if they had just -come from the hands of the artist. 
The characters ot the letter-press are of extraordinary size and 
beauty, and are decorated with bold flourishes inter-twined together, 
and which appear to singular advantage in beautiful German 
writing. The paper is large, the margin ample, and the ink of a 
fine deep black colour. _ So uncommonly beautiful is the execution 
of Teurdancths, that it is a question among bibliographers, whether 
the book is not wholly xylographic ; The late M. Camus most fully 
investigated this point, and the result of his researches is, that the 
volume is executed with moveable types, and is one of the fines.t 
specimens of early typography extant *. 

The pages of this work are not numbered ; but it has signatures 
a — z and A^^P.z, forming 38 numbers or gatherings of eight leaveg 
each, except those marked d, i, o, r, v, z, C, F, I, M, O, which 
have but six^ and signature P which contains only seven leaves. Fos^ 
sessors of the book ought to find at the end eight separate leaves 
with the signature ojf A. contain;qg a history pf this romance and 
an index. 

A copy of this typographical curiosity is in the Imperial Libr3i['y 
at Vienna, on vellum, splendidly illuminated : another qf equal 
beauty was (perhaps still is) in the Vatican Library. The Royal Li- 
brary at Paris also possesses a copy. In this country, the Hunte- 
rian Museum has a superb copy on vellum of the editibn of 1517 ; 
it was purchased by Dr. Hunter at Dr. Askew's sale for 21/, A 
copy on paper at Mr. Tutet's sale (No. 480) brought SA, It. 6d. 
A copy of this ecfition is also in the possession of Mr. Douce. 

A second c4itton of the Adyentores of Teurdancths was executed 
at Augsburg, in 1519, folio; though in lessi request than the fiht 
edition, it is nevertheless e:!^ceedingly beautiful and almost of equal 
rarity. The same plates and characters were employed for this 
edition, which is printed exactly page for page. Mr. Douce like- 
wise possesses a copy of this edition. See further concerning the 
present work, De Bure's Bibl. Instr. (Belles LettresJ torn. i. pp. 
rss — 734. Lambinet, Recherches, pp. 77—80. Koehler's Disqtd- 
sitio de inclito libra poetico Teurdancthr, Altorf. 1737, 8vo, or 4tO, 

* Memoirei tie I' Institui. tome iii. (Class, of Literature and the Fine 
Arts), pp. 170— .211. M. Camus lias illustrated his elaborate disquisition 
with three fac-sioiiles. 



xlv APPENDIX. 

Nurembergj, 1790; which last edition has the addition of a speci- 
men of a 3ossary illustrating obscure Teutonic expressions. 

Beside the Adventures of Teurdancths, Maximilian I. caused to 
be engraved, after the designs of Albert Durer and John Burekmair, 
a f6te which he had planned, and in v/-hich his y^hole family were 
to pass in review : Stabius, the imperial historiographer, was the di- 
rector of it. The work consists of 79 pieces, and is called in Ger- 
many Triumpf-Wagen, or the Chariot of Triumph. Three copies 
only are known to be extant : one is in the Imperial Library at 
Vienna ; another in the Royal Library at Stockholm ; the third was 
in the possession of M. Mariette, and was purchased by the Due de 
la Valliere for looo livres (43/. iSs.) 



No. ir. 

BRIEF NOTICE OF WORKS 
Printed on Paper of different Colours*. 

(Referrdd to, p. 7S.) 

Accum. — A System of Theoretical and Practical Chemistry, by Fredi 
rick Accum. London, 1803, 2 vols. 8vo. 
Of this edition, there are a few copies printed on paper made from 
Straw : one of them is in the library of the Surry Institution. 
ApUleii Metamorphoses, Paris, Renouard, 1796. 3 vols. 18mo. 

One copy of this edition was taken off, on pink paper; a few on 
fine'Dutch paper. The rest of the edition is on vellum paper. 
' Psyches et Cupidinis Amores, Paris, Renouard, 1796. 18rao. 
Six copies on pink paper, and one on vellum : the whole edition con- 
sists of only 90 copies. 
Sandello. — Le Novelle del Matt. Bandello. Landra (LAvomo), 1791. 
9 vols. Svo. 
An entitle and correct edition of a very rare antient work, by M, 
G. Poggiali. There is one copy on blue paper and one on vellum. 
Bell. — Traits th^orique et pratique des ulceres, traduit de I'anglois de 
Benjamin Bell, par M. Bosquillon. Paris, 1803. 8vo. 
0»e copy is extant on pale pink paper. 
Bembo. — Delia istoria Viniziana di Pietro Bembo, dalni volgariz:^ta, 
libri dodici, secotado I'originale pubblicati da Jac. Morelli. Ve- 
liezia, 1790, 2 vols. 4to. 
A few copies of this edition, which like all the productions of the 
' celebiated bibliographer Morelli is very excellent arid in great,ls- 
timation, are on bltie paper, and some on large paper. 

* From M. Peignot's Repertoire de Bibliographies Spedales, with some 
additions. A few articles only are given, which are likely to be found in 
commerce. 

7 



BOOKS PRINTED ON COLOURED PAPER, xv 

Bevquin. — Ouvres complettes de Berquin, par A, A. Renouard. 
Paris, an X — 1803. 17 vols. Igmo. on vellum paper wth 205 
engravings. 

Of this elegant edition, M. Renouard has tak«n off three copies on 
pink paper. 

Bertrand-Quinquet. — ^Trait^ de I'imprimerie (par Bertrand-Quinquet, 
imprimeur). Paris, chez Vauteur, an VII. 4to. with plates. 
Two copies of this work were taken off on pink ■vellum paper, which 
the editor and publisher advertised at ISO francs, each copy. See 
this work noticed supra, p. 473. 
Betzi, ou I'Amour comme il est. Paris, Renouard, 1803. ISmo. 
M. Renouard took off four copies on pink paper, and one on vellumif 
enriched with an original design of le Barbier. 
Biblia sacra Hebraica, sine punctis. Antverpiae, Plantin, 8vo. 
A copy of this Bible on yellow paper, sold for 19 livres at M. Re- 
nouard's sale in 1804. 
Boccacio. II Decamerone di Gio. Boccacio. Londra (Livomo), 1789,90, 
4 vols. 8vo. with portrait. 
An excellent edition, printed under the care of Sig. Gaetano Pog- 
giali, who took off one copy on blue paper and one on vellum. 
Bossuet. — Discours sur I'histoire universelle, Paris, Crapelet, 1796. 
4 vols. 8Vo. 
A copy on blue paper was in the library of the late M. Duzi^s of 
Salins. 

. Discours sur I'histoire universelle. Paris, Renouard, an xi. 

1803. 4 vols. 18mo or ISmo. 
M. Renouard, the editor, struck off one copy on pink paper, of each 
of these sizes, ^ 

Boufflers. — CEuvres dn Chevalier de Bonfflers. Lrnidres ( Paris), W&S. 
ISmo. 
A copy of this work, on different specimens of coloured paper, sold 
fromM. Mirabeau's library in 1792 for 50 livres. Peignot mentions 
another copy of this book in i vols, 18mo. Londres, on pink paper. 

Boze. — Le livre jaune, contenant quelques conversations ou disputes 
de mots, abus de termes, contradictions, double entente, faux sens, 
sur les logomachies (ascribed to M. de Boze). Basle, Paris, 
1748. 8V0. 
The whole impression of this work was confined to 30 (M. Bru'net 
states 50) copies, which were struck off on yelUno paper. By 
some bibliographers it is ascribed to M, Bazin. 
Camus. — Histoire du Polytypage, &c. Paris, an X. 8vo, 
Four copies on pink paper. This work has already been noticed, 
p. 475, supra. 
Caracdoli. — Le livre d la mode, ou le livre vert (par M. de Caraccioli). . 
A verte-feuiUe de Hmprimerie du prUttmes, au perroquet, I'ann^e 
nouvelle. 1759. sm. 8vo. 
This work is printed in green, A new edition was published in 



xvi ATPPENDIX. 

1760, .with the imprint En Europe, in sm. 8Y0i and was executed 
in red. To HI. de Caraccioli we owe 
Le livre de quatre couleurs. Aux quatre elemens, de I'impTimme des 
quatre saisons, 4444. ISmo, 
It is printed in yellow. Hue, jmce-colonr, and pink. ■ 
Concilii Tridentini canones et decreta. Romser, apud Paulum MamUUim. 
1564. fol. 
One copy on large blue paper. See Schelhorn's Aman. Lift. torn. iii. 
p. 154. 
Corpus Juris Civilis. Amstelodami. 1681. H vols. 8vo. 
A copy on green paper was in the Crevenna Library. 
■^ Demoustier. — Lettres aEmilie surlaniythologie,parDemoustier. Paris, 
Renouard. 1801. 6 vols. 8vb. 37 plates. 
Six copies on pink paper. 
CEuvres de Demoustier ; contenant le Th^^tre etc. Paris, Renouard, 
1804. 5 vols. ISmo & 18mo. 
Two copies of the 12mo edition were struck oif on pink paper, and 
one on vellum. 
Erizzo. — Les sei Giornate di Sebast. Erizzo, mandate in luce" da 
Lod, Dolce. In Venetia. lb&7, 4to. 
These novels were, some years since, reprinted by M. Poggiali, 
who had oite copy struck off on blue paper and one on vellum. 
Finllm. — ^Les Aventures de T^ltoaqne, par F^ndlon. Avec des notes 
critiques, et I'histoire des differentes editions, etc. etc, (par M. 
Bosquillon). Paris (Crapelet). an VII. (1799) 2 vols. 18mo. 
Fiee copies on fine pink vellum paper (veliri-rose-satinO and an equal 
number on blue vellum paper, ef the class grdnd-raisin. See a 
further accountof this work in Peignot's Repertoire des Bibl. Spec, 
p. 161, and Barbier's Diet, des Anonymes, torn. i. p. 54. 
Le T^l^maque de F^ndlon, suivi d'Aristonoiis. Paris, Reruruard. Paris, 
1803, S vols. ISmo and 18mo. with plates. 
Three copies on pink paper, and two on vellum, one of which is en- 
riched with original designs, and the other with drawings on 
Chinese paper. 
Fontenelle. — ^Relation de I'isle de Borneo,, (par Fontenelle, avec addi- 
tioos et la clef). En Enrope (Paris, del'imprimerie de D....I' aSni) 
1807. 12mo. 
The whole impression of this splendidly, executed tract consisted of 
only 94 copies on vellum paper ; two of which were on pink paper, 
two on blue paper j three on vellum and one on satin. To sixty 
copies was annexed a letter from Fontenelle to the Marquis de la 
Fare, on the resurrection, which was never printed in the collec- 
tion of his works. 
Franpois (de Neiffehateau), — L'Institution des enfans, imit^s des vers 
Latins de Muret, par N. Francois (de Neufchateau) Paris, Didot 
I'ainS, 12mo. 50 pages. , 

Translations of Muretus's verses are annexed, in Italian, Spanish 
and German verse. The editor (M, Renouard) struck off a few 



BOOKS PRINTED ON COLOURED PAPER, xvii 

copies on a.verytliin yelloti) paper, naacte froiii'so&S' vegetable 
substance. 

FrankUn.^-4ib8%iYations sur les sauvages du Nord Amerique par B* 

Franklin. 8vo. - . 

?. A small number was struck off on pink paper. , t 

GiovuTv/ii- — II Pecorone, nel quale si contengono cincfuanta Novelle 
f antiche di Giovanni Fiorentino. Loudra (Livorno) 1793. 2 vols, 

8vo. 

This beautiful edition was edited by M. Poggiali : there are one copy 

J on blue paper and one on vellum. 

Grammaire Turque. Constantinople, 1730. 4to. 
This grammar is of extreme rarity:: it is dedicated to Cardiiiai 
Fleury, and is the^rsf work ever prUited at Constantinople. The 
form of the letters and clumsy execution gf the press-work shew 
the printers to have been almost totally ignorant of the simplest 
paits.of lyjjogtaphy. A copy isXpv was) in M. Renonard's posi 
session at Paris ; every sheet of which is on paper of dig^rent 
colours. 

Hesiodi Opera Omnia, Gr. Lat. a Bernardo Zamagna. Parma, Bodoni, 
1785. royal 4to. 
There are a few copi^ on azure paper, which are less beautiful and 
valuable than those on white paper. 

Koops. — Historical account of the substances used to convey ideas, 
.: etc. by Mathias Koops. London, 1801. 8vo. 

Some copies were executed on straw paper. See a notice of this 
■work, supra, p. 449. . i 

Lair. — Discours sur I'expogition publique des productions des arts du 
d^partement du Calvados, en 1806, par Pierre Aim£ Lair. Caen, 
1806. 8vo. 

A pamphlet of 15 pages: some copies were struck off on straw 
paper, the manufactory of which had then very, recently been 
established 'at Vaux-de-Vire,. in the department of Calvados. 
Longus. — De Amoribus Daphnidis et Chloes lib. iv. gr. Parma (Bodoni) 
1786. 4to. 
\Some copies were executed on ozitj'e paper. A Latin version of 
this romance by M. Petit Radel, intituled Longi Sophist te Pasto- 
ralia Leshica, in 8vo. Paris, 1809: iAree copies of it were struck 
off on blue paper. ■ j 

Les amours de Daphnis et Chlo^, du Longas, traduits par Amyot, avec 
un discours pr^liminaire. Paris, Renouard. l2mo and ISmo. 
.M. Renouard, the editor, struck off three copies on pink paper, and 
one on vettum of the lamo edition. The rest of the edition is on 
fine paper and on vellum paper, 18mo and 12mo. A beautiful^ 
edition was executed by him in 1800 of Annibat Caro's Italian^ 
version of this romance, of which there are extant two copies on 
vellum. — One is in the Koy al Library, at Paris. 

-Entretiens de Phocion. Paris, Renouard, an xii. (18.04.) with 
portraits of MaUly and Phocion. i8mo and l2mo, 

b 



xviii APPENDIX. 

A beantifnl edition^ of ^frhith there is one copy on ptnJe-Colotfred 
paper, and one on vellum, of the ISmo edition. 

Mmntemn (Madame de).— L'Esprit del'institut de fill'es de Saint Lonisa 

JParis, Renotuird, 1808. ISmo. 
Marcos Aurelivis Antomnus.'—'Lei Pens^es de Marc Aurele,traduites da- 
G/ec, etc. par Joly. Paris, Eenofcard, 1803. 12mo &18mo. 
Pour copies of both these works on pinfc-coloured paper, and one on 
vellum. 
Mengs. — Opere di A. R. Mengs. ParmiB, Bodani, 1780. 2 vols. 4t0. 
This worli. was executed on azure paper: there are some copies on 
fine wiiite paper. 
Mo^aigne. — Essais de Michael de Montaigne. Paris, Langhis, 1796. 
4 vols. .8vo. 
A copy on blue papet. 
Pascal. — Pens6es de Pascal. Paris, Renmiard, 1803. 2 vols. 18mo 
or l3mo. 
One copy of the 13mo. edition is on pink paper, and one on vellnm. 
Of Pascal's Xc«rcs ProHiindales, 2 vols. 18mo and 12mo, the same 
editor (M. Renouard) struck ofl' two copies on pmk paper, one in 
ISmOj the other in 12mo; and one on wBitwii 

Peignot. — Dictionnaire des principaux livres condamn^s an fen, etci 
par Gabriel Peignot. Paris, 1806. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Of this work (which is noticed p. 549, supra) two copies were -struck 
off on pin/c-colonred paper, two on blue, and ten on veUum paper. 

Petit Dictionnaire des Locutions vicienses, corrig£ d'apres rAcad§mie, 
et les meilleurs grwmariens, etc. etc. Par Gabriel Peignot, 
Paris,.1807'. 12m6. 
Two copies on pink paper, and two on blue paper. 
Principes 616mentaire3 de morale, etc. etc Par Gab. Pei^ot. P^aris, 
. 1809. 12mo. 
Two on pink, and ten on vellnm paper. M. Peignot has al^o pub« 
lished-^1. Le Portmitdu Sage, Paris,1809,12mo; of which there 
are two copies on pink paper, and seventy-jive on vellum paper, 
which constitute the whole edition.— 2. Im Muse de I'Histoire, 
1809, an 8vo pamphlet of 16 pages; of this, two copies are on 
yellow, one on blue, and ten on vellum paper. 

Petit-Radel. — Erotopsie, on Coup d'Oeil sur la poesie critique, et le* 
.poetes Grecs et Latins qui se sont distingu^s en ce Genre; par 
Petit-Radel. Paris, 1802t 8vQ. 
'Three copies of this work are executed on yellotv paper. To M. 
Petit-Radel we owe the following works : 

1. Fasti Napolionei: — Les Pastes de Napoleon. Paris, 1804. 4to, 8vo, 
and again in 4to. Of this last 4to and best edition, there were 48 
copies struck off, one of which is unique, on vellum,' and printed 
in golden letters. These Fasti were coinposed for the ftes given 
by the city of Paris on the coronation of tlie ci-devant Emperor 
Kapoleon: they are intheformof inscriptions inLatinandFrench, 



BOOKS PRINTED ON COLOURED PAPER. 3hx 

oqd commemotate the principal, events in his military history. 
See a farther. accaunt of this splendid work in the Rep. de Bibl. 
Spec. pp. 105, 106, 171. 
S, Lei Hymnes de Callimaqve, traduits du grec en vers latins de meme 
Toemre qite ceux de I'ttriginal, avec la version franfaue, le texte, et des 
itotes. Paris, I808.\8vo. : j 

Of this wo^k, there are three copies, on blue paper, 
■§. De Amoribus Pancharitis et ' Zoroce, poema et-otico-didncticon, etc. etc. 
" etc. Secunda editio, plani reformatu et tabuUs teaeis ilhtstrata ; cui 
accedit Vita Auctoris. Paris CDidof J, a» IX. (1800) BVo. Of this 
work the editor and antlior struck off 100 {copies on vellum paper, 
four on pitik paper^ three on blue paper, and six on very fine. He 
has also published a translation of it under the following title : 
4. Les, Amours de Zoroas et de Pancharis, pa'eme erotique et didaetique, 
ttc. etc. efc. Enrichi des notes critic|ues, historiques et philbs'ophi'qnes 
Paris, 1802. 3 vols. Svo. Of this edition 50 copies are on vellum 
paper, /our on pink paper, two oa blue paper, one on cam.ry.yellow 
paper, and one on tiiaZet. paper. 
PZinii (Caii) Caecilii Secundi Panegyricus. Paris, Remuard,. 1796. 
18mo. ■ 
A beautiful edition, of which the editor (M. Renouard)>:straick off 
six, copies on pink paper, and one on vellum. 
:<iuintiUani Institntiones Oratorias, studip ^ulpiorum fratrum. Patatii, 
Cominns, 1736. 2 vols. Svo. 
A few copies are on blue paper. 
Hoch^micauld. — Memoires du Due de la Rochefoucauld. ,Pam, He- 
rumard, 180.4. 8vo and 12mo, with 7 portraits. 
'Gai edition, the first ever printed entire, and with the author's own 
corrections, is beautifully executed. One copy of the 12mo size 
was struck off on vellum, and two on fink paper. 
Sacclietti. — Novelle dl Fr. Sacchetti. Londra (Livomo), 1795. 3 vols. 
Bvo. COB ritratto. 
One copy on blue paper, and rnie on vellum. 
Saint-Rial. — Histoire de la conjuration des Espagnols, etc. et Histoire 
de la conjuration des Gracques, par rAbb£ de Saint R^al. Paris, 
Renmtard, 1803. Svo and 12mo. 
Three copies on pmk paper, and one on vellum. 
Steriui's Sentimental Journey and Letters to Eliza Draper, Paris, 

Remmard, 1802. ISmo and 12mo. 
'' TO-ee copies are extant on pink paper, and one on vcllum. 
Tacitus. — ^Opere di Cornel. Tacito, trad, da Bern. Davanzat), col 
testo Latino. Padaua, Comino, 1755. 2 vols. 4to. 
Some copies were struck off on blue paper. 
' Thetphrasti Capita duo, hactenus anecdota. Parma, 'Bodoni, 178£. 4to. 

Several copies of this work were struck off on azure paper. 
2%te&ai(t.^]VI£moire sur Je g^net, consid£r6 sous le rapport de se» 
differentes espfeces, etc. -etc. par Arsenne Thiebant de Bernaud. 
Paris, Colas, 1809. ;8vo. 

b2 



XX APPENDIX^ 

Four copies on blue paper ; the work conCliries with a bibAtt^phy 
oT writers who have treiated on the broom. M. Thiebaut also pub- 
lished, in 1810, an 8vo pamphlet, of 30 (taees, entitled M(mo\re sur 
U drier, ou arbre & die. Three Copies of it were struck off &a 
pink vellum paper, and twenty-two ou white vellum paper. 

Villette. — CEuvres du Marquis de Villette. iLondres, 1786. iemb. 
This volume is executed on paper manufactured from the marsh- 
mallow : at the end of it are twenty leaves, made from as many 
different vegetable substances. One copy is mentioned fcy M. 
teignot as being struck off on pink paper. 

Vinford. — L'Art du Typographe etc. etc. par B. Vin^ard, Paris, 
1806, flvo. 
The title of this work has already been given, p. 505, xupra. If is 
again noticed on account of the specimens it contains, of coloured 
papers and inks. The papers are pate yellow, fleshrcobmfei, bbiCf 
with a vignette in gtild, greenish wMte, deep yellow, Terra-Egyptiaca, 
and pink. — The colours of the inks are ted, lemon, gfeen, Terr»~ 
Egyptiaca, atid blue. » 

Voltaire. — CEuvres Complettes de Voltaire (Beaumarchais' edition). 
Kehl, 1785, 70 vols. 8vo. ' •* 

Twenty-Jive copies of this edition were struck off on blue paper ; 
-fma' W.jive had been requested by Frederick the Great, Ki«g 
of Prussia, for his own use, on account of the weakness of his 
sight. The editors supposing that other individuals, labouring 
under similar incon'venience,' would gladly purchase copies on 
blue paper, struck off 25 copies. They were deceived in their 
speculation : the bhie copies remained on hand, and were sold at 
a,low price before the French revolution. Books, however, wBich 
are printed on this coloured paper, are less fatiguing to the eye 
than dazzling white paper. 



NxJ. III. 

(Referred to, page 855, <sup-k.) 

X.I§T OF THE PRINCIPAI- VIGNETTES OR MARKS, ■, 

Used by the antient Printers, alphabeticafly arranged for conve- 
niency of lieference. 



1. 46jJ (sacrifice of). Is the mark of Abel Langelier, and- Edme 
' orEdmondM-artiii, ofPsois. 

2. m^akam. Pacard of Paris. 

,S. Anchor. Christopher Rapheleng or Raphelengius, of Leyden, 
4. Anchor and Dolpldn. TheAldUses, of Rome and Venice; Ghouet, 
- "and Pierre -Aulrert, of Geneva.— Oh the subject of the Aldiue 
Anchors, consult Renouard, t. ii. p. 59, «tS«g-.* - . 



VIGNETTES, ETC. OF ANTIENT PRINTERS, xiri:- 

3. Two Anchors cross-wise. Thierry Martens, of "Antwerp, and 

Nicholas le Rich, of Paris. • 
6. An Angel, with the pame.of Jesus, round it. Ligqano wd his 

Brother, printers at Milan in 1517. 
T. A guardian Ar^U Henaud, 'of Paris. 
3. Two Angel's united. ' Abel Langelier, of Paris (see No. 1.) 
, 9. An Angel dt'Pntj/ers. Donjlnic Farri, of Venice, 
.10. AmU cmd Hammer. Heioric Petri, Basle., 

11. Arion. Oporinus or Herbst, Brylinger,' Louis Le Roi, and Fer- 
net, all of Basle; and Chouet of Geneva. 

12. St. Barbara. John-Philip von Cruczennach (a German), who 
printed at Paris in 1494. 

43. 4 Basilisk und the four Elements. Rogny, Paris. 

14. A Beg'hive. Robert Fouet, Paris. 

15. See*. A swann of Bees, John Stellius or Steeslius,.. Antwerp. 

16. Belleropbon.. Pejrier of Paris, and Bonel of Venice. > 

17. A Bird between two Serpents. The Froben3 of Basle. 
.18. Broken Bottle. Geoffrey Thoury, of Paris. 

19. Caduceus. The Wechels of Paris and Francfort. 
SO. Bucephalus and Alexumder riding on him. Denys Duval, Paris. 
iil. A Bull (the sign Taurus of the Zodiac). Nicholas Bevilacqua, 
Turin, 

22. A Cat, with a Mouse in, her mouth. Melchior SeS;sa, and Pie(;rp 
, Nicolioi de Saljio, Venice. 

23. A Citadel (or small Tower). Mounin of Poitiers. 
,£4. St. Claudiust Ambrose Delaperte, Paris. 

25. A Cock. Wigand Hanen Erben, or Gallus, Francfort. 

36. ■^' Compos^ .Adrian Perier, Paris ; Balthazar Moret, and Chris- 
topher Plantin, Antwerp ; Francis Rapheleng, in ojicin& Plantu 
tiiatia, Leyden; Beller, Douay; and Soubron, Lyons. 

27. T/je Golden Compass. Claude and Laurent 3onnius, Paris; 

28. Concord, represented by two birds billing each other, and. ^ 
i' swarm of bees, with the motto concordi& res parva crescunt. Joh);i 

Steeslius, Antwerp, 1552. 
,S9. Comu copice. Peter Jumelers, Antwerp. 
30. A Crane or Vigilance. Episcopius, Basle; Joannes Gymnicus, 

Cologne. 
.31. CrfflMes fighting in the air. Sebastian Cramoisy, Paris. 

32. A Crow. George Rabb or Corrin, Francfort. 

33. A Crown. Maternus Cholin, Cologne. 

34. A Golden Crown. Antoine SalUer and Mathurin Dupuis, Paris. 

35. A Crown of Thorns. Geqrge Foss, Paris. 
.36. A Crosier. Episcopins, Basle, 

37. A Golden Cross. Pierre Lepetit, Paris. 
33. Two Doves. Jaques Quesnel. 

39. A Dragon. Vincentio Busdraghi, Lucca, 1576. 

40. An Eagle. Balthazar Bellers, Antwerp; Bladius, Rome; 
Ronille or Roville, Lyons. . _ 

41. An Eagle, With the motto Renovabitur ut aquilee inventus tnea^ is 
found In the books publisiied, by Nicolini, Kabani, Renneri, and 
Corapi at Venice, in 1603. 

42. The Four Elements. Rogny, Paris. 

43. An Elephant. -Francis Regnaud,, Paris; Giorgio del Cavalli, 
Venicew 

44. An Elm' entwined with a Vim. Vignon, Geneva ; and some of the 
p Elzevirsi. 



xxit APPENDIX. 

45. An Eye, Vincent, Lyons. 

46. Fame. Annison, Amsterdam; Ntitin, Rochelle. 

47. A Golden Fleece. Jean Camusat, Paris. 

48. Fleur-de-lis (Flower-de-luce). Cardon, and Anisson, hyoni. 

49. Foitune. Bertier, Paris; Berde and Rigaud, Lyons; Gidvajitji 
and Andrea Zennaro, Venice. 

50. A Fountain. Vascosan ; the second Frederic Morel, of Paris, 
with a Greek motto, importing that the fountain of wisdom flowi 
in books ; Cratander, Basle. 

51. Friendship. .Guillaume Julien, Paris. 

52. Frogs or Toads. Froschover, Zurich. 

53. A Galley. Galliot Dupr6, Paris. 

54. A Gardener. Le Maire, Leyden. Comini, Padua, 1720, with 
the motto, Quicquid sm6 tend est in apricum proferi atas. 

55. A Gar^ydt Rousselet, Lyons; Crespin or Crespinus, Geneva. 

56. Globes (celestial and terrestrial) in a balance. Jansson aii4 
Blaeu, Amsterdam ; Calcovius, Cologne. 

57. Golden Fleece. Jean Camusat, Paris. i 

58. The three Graces. Simon Bevilacqua, Venice. 

59. A GHffin. The Gryphii of Lyons; Hierart, Cologne; Wiriot, 
■ JStrasborg. 

60. A Heart. Sebastian Hur^, and his son-in-law Carbon, Paris. 

61. A Heart ami. a Rose within it. Corrozet, Paris. 

62. A Hen. Arnold Mylas, and the Bircknians, Cologne ; Chevelof; 
Paris; aud-Meursius, Antwerp. 

63. Hercules, with the motto, Virtus non territa monstris. Vitr(^ 
Paris; Le Maire, Leyden. 

64. Hope. Gorbin, Paris ; Bartholomseus de Albertis, Venice* 

65. A Hornet. Frelons, and Harsy, Lyons'. 

66. A Horse, Chevelon, Paris. 

67. A Sea-Horse. Joannes Ginnicus, Cologne. 

68. Icarus, with the motto, Ne quid nimis. Robinot, Paris. 

69. Janus. Jannon or Jannonius, Sedan. ^See an account of hinii. 
i»l/ra, No. Vll.) 

70. The name of Jesus. Andr^oli, Rome; Pillehotte, Lyons ; Bellers, 
.Antwerp; J. J. and Fr. de Lignano, Milan. 

71. St. John the Evangelist. Antoine Verard, Paris, from 1480 to 
1500. He also employed the initial letters of his name A. V. 
as a mark. 

72. A Silver Key. George Mittelh, Paris, 1804. 

73. Lahauri • Jean Maire, Leyden. 

74. A Lamp. Perne or Pernct, Basle. 

76. A Lily. The Juntas, of Florence, Rome, Venice, Lyons, &c. 
They also sometimes used the Eagle of Bladius. 

76. A White Lily. Gilles Blanc, Paris. 

77. A Yellow Lily. Guillaume Boule, Lyons ; Oweii Petit (Audoenus 
Parvus), Paris. 

78. A Lion rampant. Arry. 

79. A Lion rampant crowned, on a red ground. Gunther Zaiuer. 

80. A Lion, led by the hand. Jacques Creigher, 1569. 

81. A Lion, supporting a column on his back, Mylius, Strasburg. 

82. A Lion and Hour-Glass. Henric Petri, Basle. 

83. A Magpie. Jean;Benat, or Bienhe, Paris; Robert Stephens, 
sometimes; Frederick Morel, a magpie with a serpent twining 
round a branch, Paris. 

64. A fixed Mercury. Biaggio, Lyons; David Douccnr, Paris, with 
the motto, Constans qui vugus ante.. 



VIGNETTES, ETC. OF ANTIENT PRINTERS, xxiii. 

JS5. Mercury standing with anefoot on a sphere. Jean Rossy, Bdlosne. 

86. Mercury and pdUas, a Terminus. Verdust, Antwerp, 

87. A Terminus if three Mercaries. Hervagius, Basle. 

88. The Mom, Jacopo Sansovind, Venice. 

89. A TaulbfrTy4ree. The elder Frederic Morel, of Paris. 
W. An evergreen Oak. Nicholas Chesneau, Paris. 

91. An Olive-tree. The Stephenses *, , both at Paris and Geneva; 
. PatissSn, Paris; Gamonet, Geneva; Chapelet, and Huillier,. 

Paris ; the Elzevirs, at Amsterdam and Leyden, 

92. Opportunity. Pouet, Paris. 

■93. Opportuniiy and Time. Pralard, Paris. 

94. Orange-tree. Zanetti, Rome and Venice ; Tosi, Rome. 

95. Pallas riding on a Hon, with the' m6tl;o, Virtufi omnia parent. Rai 
bani, Venice. 

96. A Palm4ree. ConrbiS, Paris, with the motto, Cuniata remrgo • 
Babellins, Strasburg; Risengrein, Franefort; Guerin, Basle. ' 

97. Parnassus. Ballard, Paris. ,.n 

98. Peace. Francesco de Franceschi, Venice; Jean Heuqueville 
Paws. ' 

99. Peace, sitting on a Map of the World, with the words, Fiat lux in 
virtutetui. Jeronimo Scoto, Venice. 

too. Pegasus. The Wechels, Paris and Franefort; Marnes or Mar.. 

nius, and the Aubrys, Franefort and Hanau; Ballard, a jnnsic. 

printer, Paris, loSl ; Fritsch, Lpipsic, 1696. 
101. A Pelican. Girault, Paris; C. and F. Francesehini, Venice, 1565 ■ 

Mamarelli, ' Ferrara, 1583; Francis Heger, Leyden; Marnef' 

Paris and Poitiers. .-,*. 

1©2. Perseus, Bonhomme, Lyons. 

103. A Philosopher. Sartoritis, Ingolstadt ; Gabriel and Nicholas Bon. 
Paris. ' ' , " 

104. A Phcenix. Giolito, Venice, 1560; Martinelli, Rome, lS92r 
Michael Joli, Paris ; Leffen, Leyden : Wyon, Douay. 

.105. A Pine. Francesco, Venice ; Anbert, Geneva. 

106. Plenty, with the words, Vbertas aurea Cceli. Hubert Goltziue, 
Bruges. 

107. PrirUing-Press. B^dias Ascensins, Paris. 

108. Prudence, with the words, Vicit prudentia vires. De la Gaille^ 
Paris; Piget. 

109. A River and small Boat. Ex officina Aurelii Pincii, Venice, 
. 1536. . ' 

110. A Salamander. Zenaro, Venice; St. Crespin, and Senneton. 
Lyons; Duversin, (a French printer), at Rome; Rossi, Rome. 

ill. The Samaritan woman. The Dupnys, of Paris. ; 

US. Sampson rending the Lion. Qnentel, Cologne. 

113. Sampson carrying away the gates of Gaza. Scipio and John. 
Gabiano or Garvian, Lyons ; Delaporte, Lyons ; Cacchio, Naples,- 
1571. 

114. Saturn, with the motto. Virtus sola retundit. i Simon de Colines 
or Coliaceus, Paris, Claude Chaudiere, Paris; and sometimes, 
Hervagius, of Basle. 

* There were ffteen printers of the family of Stephens. The most 
eminent of whom were Robert Stephens I. Henry II. Robert II. and III. 
The best account of this learned family is in Maittaire's Stephanorum- 
Historia, Lond. 1709, 8vo. A brief notice of them is also given in Peig- 
BOt's Diet. Biblkgr. torn, i. pp. 252—255, and torn, iii, pp. 122—126. 



xxiir. . APPENDIX. 

115,, A 'Savage. Buoii, Paris. ' 

116. The Savimr of the World. .Quentel, and Ms heirs, at Cologne; 
tlie CuarigH, Venice. 

117. A Sceptre, on fire. Vineent, Lyons ; Bindoni, Venice. 

118. Science. Zatzner,' Strasbourg. 

119. The Serpent of Moses. Eustace Vignon, Geneva; Martin, the 
younger, Paris; Valgrisi, Venice. 

120., A Winged , Serpent, round u, pale, with the legend, Solus vitee. 
Gracioso Percaccjno, Venice, 1577. 

121. A Serpent romid an Anchor. Vignon, Geneva. 

122. A Serpent round a Key, vpith the word, Artibus. Andrea Raven- 
oldi, Venice. 

^23. A' Serpent round a spear, luM by tHio hands. Valvasori, Venice, 
1565. 

124. Two Serpents, and a Bird above thent. Rovillion, Lyons. 

125. A Serpent folded into a circle, in the centre of which is a dove on 
a tree, with the motto. Estate prudentes sicut serpentes et simplices 
sicut columbtE. Jean Bonfons, Paris. 

126. Two Serpents crowned, rounda Stake, and a Bird above.. Froben, 
of Basle. 

127. A Shepherd. De Best, and Colomies, Thoulouse. 

128. A Ship, with the motto, Fortibr in adversis. Millbt, Paris, 16,09 j 
Zenobio Mazzotti, Rome. 

129. A large Ship. The Society of Booksellers of Paris, for editions 
of the Fathers of the Church. . ^ 

^30. A Shipwreck. Pu Chesne, Paris. 

131. A Ship wrecked, with the motto, Fluctibus et fremitusurgens Benace 
marino. Alessandro and Vittorio B'enacci, Boulogne, 1560 ta 

,•< 1622. 

132. A Siren. Varisco, and Victor and H. H. Rabani, Venice. 
433. A Sphere. Peter Marteau, Amsterdam ; the Blaeus or Jansson, 

Amsterdam; Hugueteui and Rivaud, Lyons. 
134. A golden Star, Benoit Prevost, Paris; Zilletti, Venice. 
J35. A Stork.- Nivelle and Cramoisy, Paris. . . 

136. The Sun. Brugioli, Rome ; Charlotte Guillard, Paris ; Vlaq or 
Hulac, Hague; Ba?;a, Venice; Rembold, Paris. 

137. A Swan. Blanchet, Paris. 

138. A Swan and a Soldier. Peter de Caasaris and John StoU (Ger- 
mans), Paris, 1473 to 1476. , . . i 

139. A Sybil. Francesco de Franceschi, and Michel Transmezizino, 
, Venice. , 

140.. Time, with the motto. Virtus sola retundit. Reginald Chaudiere, 

Paris, 1550. ■ 
141., A Tower. H. H. de Simon Galignani, de Herrcra, Venice. 
142. A Tree. Richer, Paris. 

^43. TAe Trinity. Mathurin, Paris; Pillehotte, Lyons. 
144. Truth. The Comraelins, Heidelberg; St. Andr6 and David, 
t Paris. ' i 

X4S. Truth supported by-Time, with the motto, Veritas filia Temporis', 

Francesco Marcolini de Forli, Venice, 153. 

146. A Trooper (or Horse-soldier). Pierre Chevalier, I'aris. 

147. A Unicorn. BoulW, Lyons ; Chapelet, Paris ; Chavercher, Paris ; 
Joannes Ginnicus, Cologne. 

14:^- An Urn. Jerome Scot, of Venice; had an urn with the letters 

. S. O. S. a palm and an olive-tree, with the motto. In tenehrisfulget, 

l49. A Vote. Honoj-at, Lyons, j 



No. V. 



To face Page xxv of Appendix. 



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MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. 
(No. I. — Foreign.) 



DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. ±xv: 

ttO. TTKViper^ifSt.Paul. Sonnius, Paris; delaRonviere> Geneya." 

151. Vif!tue. Durand, Paris. 

The Theological Virtues. Savionx, Paris. 

152. A ;fVatering-pat. Klganlt, Lyons. ». 

153. A<Wolf. PoDcet Le Preux, Paris. 



No. IV. 

(Rtferred to, p. 255, supra.) 
MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES 

OF ANTIENT PRINTERS*. 



SECTION I. 

EARLY FOREIGN PRINTERS, 

Ejcplandiioh of the annexed Mmogrdim, 

No. I. (Foreign.) 

1, 2, 3 and 4. Tliese monograms were indifferently employed by 
' John Fust, the- -first printer after Gutenberg, *ith whom "h^ 
worked, at May ence in the middle of the fifteenth century. Tlie 
' subjoined cut ' . • — 




r^resents the ; device affixed by iFust and Schoiffer to the pele. 
brated Psalter of Mayence, printed in it57, folio. 

5, 8, 10. Are monograms of Andrea Turresano d'Asola, the father-in- 

law of the illustrious Aldus Manutius. 

6. Is the mark assigned by Orlandi to Angelo and James Br<)sc : 

who these printers were,' or where they exercised their art, is 
not indicated by hiigri, or by Santander, 

* Thes^ monograms of foreign printers are given ffom Orlandi's Origine 
e Progressi della Stampa, Bologna, 1722, 4to. but with correctioiK. aiid" 
additions. -Those of English printers are from Herbert's edition of Ames'*, 
Typographical Antiquities. ' ' , : 

, 7 



xxvi APPENDIX. 

f. This is the monogram of Antonio Bartolomeo Miscomini, who- 
printed at Florence from 1481 to 1495, and also at Modena in 
1487 and 1489, in partnership with Roccociolak 

-fi. The monogram of Aldus Manutius the elder, who printed at 
Venice : all the editions of this learned printer are in great re- 
quest for their beauty and correctness. The improvements, in- 
troduced into the typographic art by Aldus, have already been 
mentioned (pp. S47 — 240, supra) : and some account of the Aldine 
family as well as of the works executed by them, will be found 
in No. VII. of this Appendix. 

11. Antoine Verard is designated by these two initial letters, and is 
justly considered as one of the most celebrated printers at Paris. 
Between the years 1480 and 1500, he printed a great number of 
works, a few copies of which he struck off on vellum. 
iS. The monogram of Ayolfo de Canthono, a citizen of Milan, who 
printed at Naples in 1492. 

13. The monogram of Benedetto d'Eifore. 

14. The mark, employed by Bonino de Boninis, of Ragusa; he 
printed at Venice from 1478 to 1480 ; from 1481 to 1483, at Ve- 
rona, whence. he afterwards went to Brescia, 'where he was 
printing in 1491. 

15. The monogram of Benedetto Fontana, who printed at Venice in 
the years 1496-1499. 

16. Bernardino de Misintis made use of this mark : he printed first 
at Cremona in 1492, and afterwards at Brescia, from 149S to 
1500. 

17. This monogram is assigned by Orlandi to Bernardino Ricci: 
but the place where he printed is unknown. No such printer is 
noticed by Santander, 

18. The mark of Bernardino Stagnino, who printed at Venice, from 
1483 to the close of the fifteenth century, 

19. The mark of Baptista de Tortis," a Venetian printer, from 1481 

to 1500. 

20. Bernardinus de Vitalibus printed at Venice- from 1494 to 1500. 

21. Bartholomeus de Zanis printed a great number of works at 
Venice between the years 1486 and 1500 : he also printed for Oc- 
tavianus Scottns. He must not be confounded with Bartholo- 
maeus Zanni, who, in 1490, executed the Statuta communitatii 
Mipperiie Salodii et Brixiensis, at Porto, a town in the Venetian 
territory. 

22 and 23. The marks of Dionysius Bertochus, or De Bertochis, of 
Bologna, who first printed at Venice in 1480, whence he passed to 
Vicenza in 1481 , and worked in partnership with J. de Rheno ; 
in l4Si he was at Trevisp, and printed wiUi Fanlus de Ferrara 
and Peregrinus de Pasqualibns. In 1483 he returned to' Vi- 
cenza, and in the following year he went to Venice, which city 
he left in 1494 for Reggio, and in 1499 and 1500 he printed at 
Modena. 

24. Dominicus Roccociola, or Richizolo, printed at Modena from 
1481 to 1500. 

25. The monogram of Johannes Rigarius, who printed at Venice in 

1491. 

26. The mark of Guy Marchand^ a Parisian printer from 1484 to 
1499. 

27. William Schamberg of Frankfort printed at Messina in 1498 and 
1499. 



No. VI. 



To face Page xxvii of Appendix. 



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MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. 

(No. II. — Foreign.) 



DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. xxvS: 

io. Christopher de Canibus printed at "Pavia from 1484 to 1499.: In 

1484 and 1485, he printed in partnership with Stephanus de 

Georgiis. 
2|^. The monogram of Hercules. Nani, who printed at Bologna in. 

1492, 1493, and 1494. 
30. The marlt of Giovanni Antonio de Beiiedetti, or Johannes An- 

tonius Platonides de Benedictis, who printed at Bologna in 1499. 
31.: The monogram of Giovanni Antonio Campano. 
32. The marlc of John Clein, a German printer, settled at Lyon in 

1489, 1498, and 1499. 
.33. Joh'slmies Hamman deLandoja, called Hertzog, printed in part^. 

nership with John Emerich de Spira, in 1487: he afterwards 

execoted several works by hiinself until 1498. 
34, John Poitevin printed at Paris in 1498. 
■35, The monogram of John de Kemmat. 



Explanation of the annexed Monograms. — No. II. ► 

I. The mark of Justinian de Ruberia, who printed at Bologna from 

1495 to 1499. 
S. John Tresohel, a German, printed at Lyon from 1488 to 149fti 

Santander(t. i. p.386),noticing Johannes Teutonicus, who printed 

at ThouloHse in 1479, Suspects the latter to be the same person' 

as John Treschel. 
S. The monogram of John de Vingle, a native of Pi^ardy, who printed! 

at Lyons from 1495 to 1499. 
li. Leonard de Gerla, or Gerlis, or Gerula, of Pavia, printed iii 

that tity in 1494 and 1498. 
9. Laurentius Rubens de Valentia printed at Venice in 1482. 
$. The mark of Lazaro Snardo or de Snardis, who printed at Milail 

at the close of the I5th century. / 
f. Matthew de Codeca, or Capsaca, of Parma, printed several 

works at Venice between the years 1482 and 1495. 
^. The monogram of iWainard Hugunt. 

9. The mark of an unknown printer, according to Orlapdi ; perhaps 

of Dominicus de Nivaldis and sons, who printed JEsop Fabulae 
Latino cai-mine, at Montereale, in Sicily, in 1481. 

10. Nicholas de Francfordia printed at Venice, in partnership with 
Francis de Hailbrun from 1473 to 1477 ; afterwards alone to the 
end of the I5th century. 

II. The mark of Dionysib Berrichelli. • 

12. Ottaviano Scotto (Octavianns Scottus) of Monza, printed at 
Venice from 1480 to the end of the 15th century. 

t3. The monogram *)f Peregrine de Pasqualibus, a Bolognese; ha 
printed at Venice from 1483 to 1494, and was for some time in 
partnership with Dionysius de Bertochis. 

14. The mark of Philip Pinzi, or Pincio (Philippus Pmcius de 

Caneto), of Mantua; he printed at Venice from 1490 to 1500. 

15. The monogram of Nieholas Reffter^ a German, who prmted in 
his native country : Orlandi has not indicated in what {>lace, nor 
does any notice Of him occur in Santander. 

16. The mark of Henricus de Sancto Ursio, of Vicenza ; where he- 

printed from 1480 to 1499. Santander conjectures tiim to be the 



xxviii APPENDIX. 

same persoji as Henriciis Lib'erarius or Librarius, of whose pres^ 

works are extant from 1480 to i486. 
17. The monogram of Theobald Feger. 
t8. Thieiry, or Theodore Martens, of Alost, was the first printer. 

in the Netherlands : he printed at Alost, in 14T4, at' Antwerp, 

in 1476, 1493, and 1494, and also at Lonvain towards the end. 

of the 15th and early in the 16thjcentury. 

19. Ugo de Rugeriis, of Reggio, printed at Pisa in 1494, and at hi^ 
, native town in 1500. 

20. Nicholas Wolf. He printed at Paris in 1499. 

SI. The monogram of Victor Vanozzi, an Italian printer of the 15th 
century. 

22. That of Johannes and Gregorius de Gregoriis, who printed at 
Venice, in partnership, from 1480 to 1503. A considerable num- 
ber of works issued from their presses. A few works were exe- 
cuted by Johannes de Gregoriis and Jacobus Britannicus of 
Brescia, in 1483 and 148.4. . 

S3. Johannes de Cereto of Tridino, alias Tacuinus. He printed at 
Venice from 1492 to 1566. 

Si. The mark of JodoousBadiusAscensius, a learned and celebrated 
printer: after exercising his art at Lyon, in conjunction with 
his father-in-law John Trechsel, he settled at Patis, and printed 
there from 1495 to 1500. 

J5. That of F. Plato de BehedLctis, who printed at Bologna front 
1487 to 1500, chiefly in partnership with Benedict Hectoi-is., 

56. The mark of Antony Bladius, who was a different person from 

Bttdius Ascensius, mentioned in No.^24. 

57. The mark of Georgius Arrivabenus, or de Rivabeni, who printed 

at Venice towards the close of the l5th century. 
g8. This monogram evidently belongs to Bertholdus Kemboldt, wh* 

printed at Paris, in partnership with Ulric Gerin, from 1484 to 

1509 ; it is also found in some works executed by Claude Cheve= 
. Ion, who married Remholdt's widow, and, succeeding to his bu^ 

siness, continued to make use of his device, 
59.. The initials of Borde and Arnaud, two associated printers, at 

Lyon. 

30. The device of Charlotte Guillard, widow of Berthold Remboldt^ 
by whom she was taught the art of printing : she afterwards 
married Chevelon in 1620, and in 1542 was again left a widow. 
Her best works were executed during her second widowhood ; 
particularly a Latin bible, with the notes of John Benedictl; 
and the works of Gregoiy, in two volumes, so correct, that the 
errata consist of only three faults. 

31. The mark of Christian Kirchner ; and 32. that of Dominico Zio,- 
;of whom nothing certain is now known. 

33. Francis Reynaud of Rouen. 

84. Francis Rossi (Franciscus de Rubeis), who printed at Venice, in 

partnership with Alovisius de Rubeis in 1499. 
35. This mark Orlandi assigns to Guiliaume Boule; where or when 

he exercised his art is now unknowh. 



' Explanation of the annexed Monograms, Ifc, — No. III. 

1. The device of Gabriel GioUto, a learned and industrious printer of 
►Ferrara. . - ^ 



No. VII. 



To face Page xxix of Appendix. 



4 








n 



8 



10 





.i 



M 



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12 



13 



14 



15 



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* 



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16 



17 



18 



19 



20 



L 




M 




W 



21 



22 



23, 



24 



25 



M 





OR 



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26 



27 



28 



29 



30 






31 



32 



33 



Z M 





MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. 
(No. III.— Foreign.) 



DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. xjtJ* 

&. 3. Those of Golard dePonte, and Gregdrio' de RusrcoJu, 6f' whdJil 

no particulars are known. 
4. Jefome Verdussan, of vrhom we know nothing. A descendant 

(probably) of his, John-Baptist Verdussan, was- a learned and 
, eminent printer' at Antwerp, about 'tlie middle of the IStft 

century. 
3,-6, 7". The devices of Henricus Sileus, James Dubonrg, and Francesco 

Biudoni. 
8. That of James and Philip Junta (or Giunta). The, family of thS 

Junta were among the most eminent printers of the iSth century, 

and, in point of literary talent, ranked second to the Alduses. 

Philip Giunta, printed at Florence, in 1497 and 1500. 
9. Jacobus de Mazochis, a Bolognese printer of the 15th century. ."^ 

10. Johannes de Mazochis, printed at Bologna, in 149S. One im- 
pi^'ssion only is extant, bearing his name. 

11. The mark of Joannes Antonius de Lignano, a native of Milan, 

who printed in that city from 1480 to 1499. He also had a press 
at Venice in 1494, and it should seem at iPavia, in the same year, 
in partnership with Giraidus de Zeiis. 

42. John Petit (or Johannes Parvus), a. very eminent printer at Paris, 
in the close of the 15th and former half of the 16th century. In 
the course of a long life, very numerous works issued from liis 
presses. ' . •'^ 

-13, 14i ThiB marks of Johannes Sacer, and Johannes Steeslius. 

15. Caligula de BacileriiS. It is not knd'wn where he' printed. San« 
tander notices Marcus Antonius de Bacileriis, who exercised his 
art at Reggio, in 1497, in partnership with Dionysius' Bertochus ; 

. , an4 another of the same (amily, Bacilerius de Bacileriis,- who 
printed at the same place iu 1488 and 14g9, and at Bologna in 

' ' i 14S0. It is 'probable "that tliis Caligula was a son or brother of 
one of these, 

16. The mark of Lnke Atlantse, who from his name appears to have 

been a Dutch or Flemish printer. 

17. That of Luc-Antonio Giunta, or Junta, the celebrated Veiietian 
printer^ the productions of his press bear date from 1489 to 1500. 
Many «f them are truly splendid. 

'18. The device of Loigi de Montia, an Italian printer. 

ia.. fhat of Melcbior de Sessa, of whom we know nothing, Santander 

has noticed a John Baptist de Sessa, who -printed many works at 

Venice, between the years 1489 and 1500. 
20, 21. The monograms tif Maternus Cholin and Marcus 'Wyon. 
22. Owen Petit (Avdoenus Parvus), a Parisian printer. 
S3. Ottino de la Rosa. 

24. Peter Rigand, a Parisian printer. '' 

25. One of the marks of Sebastian Cramoisy, the Parisian printer, 
better known by his device of the Storks. 

26. The mark of Samuel de Toumes, a printer at Geneva. Individuals 

of this family were settled at the same place in the end of the 
17th and former part of the l&th century. To some of their 
descendants, who were living at Lyons and GeneVa, Woifius de- 
dicated his Monumenfa Typograpjiiea, as the most antient family q£ 
printers, who were equally distinguished by their typographical 
skill and by their personal virtues. 

27. The device of Thomas Anselmiis, who printed at Pfortzheim, in 
Suabia, Lal500. 



:xxx APPENDIX. 

28. That of the Soma£chi, but where the prhiters of this name exercised 
their art, neither Orlandi nor Santander have indicated. 

^9. The device of the Wechels, eminent printers at Paris and Frank- 
fort. 

&0, That of Zacharias Kaliergus, who first printed at Venice in 1499, 
and afterwards at Rome, at the beginning of the 16th centnry. 
Mr. Beloe has given an. interesting account of the labours of this 
learned Cretan, in his Anecdotes of Literature, vol. v. pp. 55 — 78, 

SI. The mark of Giovanni Maria Bonelli, a Venetian printer in the 

, l5th century, Santander mentions a Manfredus de Bonello, 
who printed at Venice from 1491 to 1498 : it is probable that 
G, M. Bonelli was related to him, perhaps his son, and successor. 

S2.. The very elegant device of Johannes Veldener, a learned Dutch 

.- . printer, who executed several translations. He printed first at 
Louvain from 1475 . to 1478, at Utrecht in 147», 1480, and 1481 ; 
whence he departed to Calembourg, in Guelderland ; here, in 
. 1483, he printed the celebrated Flemish edition of the Speculum 
Salvationis. His device is a double one ; on the right are the- 
arms of Louvain ; on the left are those of Veldener himself, whose 
name appears in the centre. Our figure is copied from Lambinet;. 
who has engraved it from the Fasdmlus Tempomm, Louvaini 
. 1476', folio. See his Recherehes, p. 270. 

5S. The device of Colard Mansion, who is supposed tobave established 
printing at Bruges, in 1471 ; from the foi-m of his types, he is 
supposed to have acquired his knowledge of the art in France. 
His earliest production is dated in 1472 or 1473. See a further 
account of this learned artist's labours in Lambinet's Recherehes, 
pp. 371 — ^393, and Santander's Diet. Bibl. dU xv. Siecle,. torn, i, 
pp. 351—353. Mansion died in 1484. ■ ' ! 

34. -.The device of Gerard Leeu, a celebrated Dutch. printer, who 
exercised his art first at Gouda, from 1477 tol484, and afterwards 
at: Antwerp, from 1484 to 1497, This ' device, which is copied 
from Lambine^ was used by him while at Gouda : on the left 
are the arms of^that town, and on the right are those of the priiiten 
When Leeu settled at Antwerp, he adopted the castle gate of that 
city as his device. In his 8vo editions, he used one corresponding 
with his own name, viz. a Lion, holding on the right the arms (O' 
Antwerp, representing a Castle surmounted by two Hands, and 
«n the left those of the Priuter, 



[ xxxi ^ 



MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. 



No. III.* — Foreign. 




Explanation of the above Devices, 

1, The device of Sixtus, (Riessingef) and Georgins, a German, who 
printed in partnership at Rome, in 1481 and 1483. This and the 
tiiree following devices are given on the authority of Audiffredi, 
who has, for the first time, engraved them from the works where 
they originally appeared. See his Cat. Rom. Edit. Swc. xv. 

Another device of Thierry Martens, »f Amsterdam. See a former 



g 



one of his, mpra, p. xxviii. No. 18. 
• : Joh - ■ ■ 



3 The mark of John Besicken, whose name first appears in 1489 

' among the printers of Basle, and in 1493 together with Sigismund 

Mayrl See Audiffredi, pp. 417, 418. . ^ . ^ 

4. That of Andreas Fritag, a native of Strasburg, who printed at 

Rome in 1432 and 1493. Two prodnctions of his press are bneSy 

' described bx Audiffredi, pp. 311, 'B3S^ 



xxxii APPENDIIX. 

sEdT^ioN ii; 

Monograms and Devices of early English Printers. 



Explanation of the annexed Engraving. — No. IV. 

1, 2-, and 3. Are the marks affixed by Caxton to his publications : an 
account of this father of jEnglish typography is given supra, 
pp. 187-^192. "i 

4, 5, and 6. Are the marks used|' by Wynkjarr de Wbrde ; who ))eing, 
in feet, Caxton's successor, adopted' liis devices, 'with *some 
slight alterations. See a notice oF Wynkyn de IVy^orde, supra, 
pp. 193—235. 

7. Is the device of Richard Pynson^of wtoma^hort account Is given 

in pp. 193, 194, 236. ' - " • 

8. Is the mark of Julian Notary, of whom seepyi94. 



■ Explanation of the annexed Engraving. — No. V. 

1. Is the mark of WilUajn "Paques, who was king's printer, and was 

probably joined in the same patent with Pynson. They both 
printed the act of parliament which passed in the 19th Henry VII. 
Id03, and in each styled thfemselves printers to the Kiflg. How 
lobg he had printed before, or for what subsequent period he 
contiaoed ta exercise his art, does not appear, as ]iis history is 
very obscure. His books evince hinS to have been an excellent 
workman, and tliat he lived within St. Helen's. He was a member 
of the Stationers' Company,, and died inloll- (Nichols's Lit. An. 
vol. iiU p. 546.) A specimen of ^Faques's work, highly crediteble 
to him, is given siapra, p. 237. The sentence in his device, Melms 
est modicum justo super divitias peccatarum tmcltas, is taken, wfthr 
some variation, from the book of Proverbs, ch. xvi. v. 8. And 
that following, Melior est pfitims viro forti, et qui dominai, is 
,fronl Ecclesiastes, chap. vii. v. 8 (vulgatei'version). 

2. "The device of John Skot, or Scott (for he printed his name in both 
- ■-- ways). " He is supposed to have learned hijs art ofWynkyade 

Woi^de, or Pynson., from the resemblance which the type anil 
press-work of his first printed book bear to the produ(;ti9ns of 
their presses. Iiil521 (the date of his first book), l^e live^J without 
Newgate, in the parisll of St. Sepulchre, whence he afterwards 
removed to St. Paul's Church- Yard, and some time ako in 
George Alley, Bishppsgate. He was a member of the' Statiqper^' 
Company. , 

3. Is the mark of Thomas Godfray, who lived at Temple Bar in ISlp,, 

and printed many works witjiout date j he continued in business 
till 1532, in which year he executed an edition pf Chaucer's 
'Wotks,inMio,eumprimlegU>regein<iulto. - ,, 

^4. The device of John RastaU, citizen and printer. This learned man 
was a nalive of Lo^don^ and received UiseducatioB sjt the 



No. YIII. 



To face Page xxxii of Appendix. 




o jSS// «o 



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T3rc 




rai^^^^^^ 



^-^ 






ni'M-^- 



rr-f^S^fC 



JMnSiDMMS 







MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES OP ANTIENT PRINTERS, 
(No, IV.— Ewg/wA.) 



No. IX. 



To face Page xxxii of Appendix. 




MONOGRAMS ANI> DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. 

(No. v.— English.) 



DEVICES OF ANTIBNT PRINTERS. xxxiii 

University of Oxford, being destined to the l6gal profession. In 
1517, he set up a press, the exercise of which was at that time 
esteemed a profession fit for a scholar or ingenious man. Being 
distinguished for his piety and learning, he became intifiiate with 
Sir Thomas More, whose sister, Elizabeth, he married; and 
evinced his zeal for tlie Roman Catholic religion by his strenuous 
opposition to the measures of Henry VIII. Fox, tlie martyrolo- 
gist, however, aflirms that he was converted to the Protestant 
faith by John Frith, the martyr. Rastall was an author, as'well 
as a printer, and wrote several works, geographical, historical, 
and controversial, which are enumerated by Wood. (Athenae, 
Ox, vol. i. No; 54, p. 44, 45.) His son, Williani RaStall, was one 
of the Justices of the Common Pleas, in the reign of Queen Mary, 
to whom we are indebted for a very interesting life of Sir Thomas 
More, an Explanation of Law Terms, a Collection of the Statutes, 
&e. &c. 
The marli of Robert Wyer, an early printer, who executed many 
books without dates. He resided "at, the sygne of Saynt Johan 
Evangeliste, in Saynt' Martyn's Parysshe, in the Byshop of 
Norwytche Rents, besyde Charyng Crosse," or " beside the 
Duke of Suffolk's Place," as he expressed it at the end of some 
of his books. 
£. The elegant device of Richard Grafton. It is a tun, with a grafted 
tree growing through it, the motto of which, suscipite insertum 
verbum,lACa.I. Receive tlie incRAFred word (from the Epistle of 
' St. James, ch. i. v. 21), has a happy allusion to his name. He was 
born in London : and as he exercised the art in the early part of 
his life, it is probable that he was brought up to the profession. 
His writings bespeak him to have been conversant in the Ian. 
guages: and his corrtsporidence with Archbishop Cranmerand 
Cromwell, Earl of Esse*, shews that he was encoui-aged by the 
principal nobility and learned men of his time, and was admitted 
to their conversation. As we owe to Grafton the first edition of 
the English bible, and other works which contributed to spread 
the doctrines of the glorious reformation, thefqllowi|tg additional 
particulars ' relative to this printer may Bot be unacceptable. 
They are abridged from Herbert's edition of Ames's Typogra- 
phical Antiquities. 
In 1537, during the reign of Henry VIII., he practised printing in 
London:, before this lime he lived at Antwerp,, where he printed 
Tindal's New Testaments, and afterwards his Bible^ cprs-ected and 
revised by Miles Coverdale, a Franciscan friar, well informed in the 
Hebrew, Gieek, and Latin languages. Some impressionsof the former 
having been dispersed in England, they were bought up by Cuthbert 
Tonstal, then bishop of London, and burnt at St. Paul's Cross. 

"The publication of this New Tertament occasioned the bishojpt of 
London to issue a prohibition ; a copy of which is In F(yx.'s Matiyt- 
ology. It appears from the number of copies of this book yet extant, 
thrt the Bi^op of London's prohibition vvas very little regarded, and 
not very readily, obeyed; the bishops and clergy, therefore, made 
great complainfa to the king of this translation, on which his Majesty 
resolved to take this matter into consideration himself. In 1.533, the 
coavocatioD nret, and, among other things, decreed, that the scripture 
should be translated-into the vulgar tongue ; but at that time it was 
not calf ied iwto eiecuf ion. 
Grafton atd Whitchnrch's names are sometimes ptinted »epi(rately 



xxxiv APPENDIX. 

in the same books ; particularly those which they printed with the 
royal privilege, "ad imprimendum solum:" as the Bible, New Testa- 
ments, and Primers. In printing the stated number, when so many 
as were to bear Grafton's name were completed, his name was taken 
out of the form, and Whitchurch's inserted in its place. 

Grafton lived in a part of the dissolved house of the Grey-friars, 
which was afterwards granted by King Edward VI. for an hpspital 
for the maintenance and education of orphans, called Christ's Hospital. 
It does not appear that Grafton dwelt in any other house. 

His first work was the English Bible, printed abroad in 1535, six of 
which he presented to Archbishop Cranmer and Lord Cromwell: per- 
haps it was at Paris, or Marsburgh in Hesse, for Francis I. King of 
France, granted a licence to him and Edward Whitchurch to print an 
Ehglish bible there. It is in folio, and dedicated to the King. — See 
an account of this precious volume in Lewis's History qf English 
Tramlations of the Bible, pp. 91—104 ; and a more succinct description 
in the Bibl. Spenc. vol. i.pp. 78 — 81. 

Mr. Thoresby mentions the New Testament printed at Paris, by 
Bishop Bonnei-'s means, in 8vo, in two columns, English and Latin ; 
tiie latter of which was smaller than the former : and observes " that 
in.it, 1 Peter ii. 13. was rendered unto the kynge as unto the chefe 
heade.'' 

In November, 1539, the King, by his letters patent, directed to all 
and. singular printers and booksellers within this his realm, &c. ap- 
pointed the Lord Cromwell, keeper of his privy seal, to take special 
care and charge " that no manner of person or persons within his 
realm, shall'enterprize, attempt, or set in print any bible in the English 
tongue, of any manner of volume, during the space of five years next 
ensuing the date thereof^ but only all such as shall be deputed, assign- 
ed, and admitted by the said Lord Cromwell." Accorjdingly it 
appears, by the bibles. printed this very year, his lordship assigned 
others, besides Grafton and Whitchurch, as John Biddel, Thomas 
Beithelet, &c. to print bibles in the English tongue. 

The first of these, printed this year, is a bible in large folio, with 
the following title : " The Byble in Englyshe, that is to say, the Con- 
tent of all the Holy Scripture bothe of the Oldeand Newe Testament, 
triiely translated after the Veryte. of the Hebrue and Greke Testes, 
by the dylygent Studye of dyuerse excellent learned men, expert in 
the forsayde tonges." 

" Prynted by Richard Grafton and Edward Whitchurch,: 
" CumpriuOegio ad imprimendum auhrni, 1539." 

Grafton wasinso much favour, that we find, in Kymer's Ftedera, a 
patent dated January 28, 1543, as follows: — 

" Pro divino servicio, de libris imprimendis." 

In 1545, he printed King Henry Tlllth's Primer, both in Latin and 
English, with red and black ink ; for this he had a patent, which is. 
inserted at the end, expressed in much the same wottds as the pre- 
ceding one of 1543. 

In the first year of Edward VI. Grafton was favoured with a special 
patent, granted to him for the sole printing of all the statute hoolu. 
This is the first patent which is taken notice of by that diligent and ac- 
curate antiquary. Sir William Dugdale. 

There is a patent dated December 18, 1348, to R. Grafton and £. 
Wljitchurcli, printers, by which they are authorized to tidce up.aad 



Ko. X. 



To face Page xxxv of Appendix. 







Aire for if>\.ij 3)ay 





8 




GOD 




AH 



MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. 
(No. VI.— £»g?i»/*.) 



DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. xxtr 

pj'ovide, for one year; printers, compositors, &c, together, with papers,' 
ipk, presses, &c. at reasonable rates and prices. 

There was a Richard Grafton, a grocer, member of parliament for 
the city of London,;l553 and 1554 ; and again, 1556 and l.iSr, who 
Height probably be oiir printer. February 5,1557, Grafton was joined 
with others to examine a matter against Walter Rawley, a burgess, 
complained oa out -of the Admiralty Co'urt, by Dr. Cook's letter. 
March 9, 1562, the bill for. paving of Kent-street, in the borough of 
Soathw!u:k, was brought in 'by Grafton, who that year, served for the 
city of Coventryj in Warwickshire, as appears by the journals of the 
House of Commong. In 1563, he brought in a bill to assize the weight 
of bai-rele^4cck 

7. The device of John Reynes, who was a printer, bookseller, and 
binder, at the sign of St. George, in St. Paul's Chnrcli-Yard, in 
1537, if not earlier. Books printed by or for him occur from 1537 
to 1544 : according to Ames, there is a considerable Dumber of 
books which bear his marks, and have pretty devices on their 
covers, as the arms and supporters of Jesus Christ, with the motto 
Redemptoris Mundi Arma, 
• 8. The mark of Lawrence Andrew, a native of Calais, who translated 
the works of several authors previously to his learning the art of 
printing; which he is supposed to have acquired from John of 
Doiesborowe and Peter Treveris. He afterwards practised it in 
Fleet-street, at the sign of the Golden Cross^ by Fleet Bridge. 



Explanation f^the annexed Monograms, Ifc, — No; YI. 

i. Is the device of John Bedel, or Byddle,' stationer and printer; who 
appears to have sold books in the year 1533; if not earlier, and is 
conjectured to have served his apprenticeship to Wynkyn de 
Worde. He first opened ^ shop at the' " sygne of Our Lady of 
Pytie, next to Flete-Bridge," whence he afterwards removed to 
Wynkyn de Worde's house, and was one of his executors^ as ap- 
pears by De Worde's will. 

S. Themark of Edvirard Whitchurch, whohasalreadybeenmentionedin 

connexion with Richard Grafton (pp. xxxiii. xxxiv. supra). Hewas 

originally educated for the mercantile pih>fession, and was joined 

. in the same patent with Grafton, for the office of King's printer. 

, Fox states,- in his acts and monuments, that he was brought into 

trouble with Grafton, in the year 1554, concerning the six articles, 

being suspected not to have been confessed. They continued in 

friendship and pMtnership together for many years,- though 

Whitchurch dwelt separate, and kept shop at several places in 

London. In the year 1554, there was a general pardon proclaimed 

within the Abbey, at the time of Queen Mary's coronation, out of 

which proclamation, the prisoners of the Tower and of the Fleet 

■were excepted, and sixty-two more; whereof Whitchurch and 

Grafton were two. Whitchurch aftei-wards married the widow of 

> Archbishop Cranmer, and continued printing until the year 1554. 

3. The device bf Thmnas Petit, Petyt, or Petyte, whom Ames con- 
jectures to have been related to the celebrated Parisian printer 
John Petit (or Johannes Parvus). He printed between 1538 and 
1554. 

C 2 



xxxvi APPENDIX. 

4. That of Rcinold, or Reginold Wolfe, a native of Switzerland : he' 
was probably related to the Wolfes, eminent printers at Basil, and 
jvas b red to the profession of a printer. Wolfe settled in St. Paul's 
Church- Yard, in a house which he built on the scite of a dissolved 
chantry. His first work is dated. in 1542, and his last in 1573- 
During this period, he printed most of Archbishop Cranmer's 
pieces, and other books appointed for public use in the church ; 
and enjoyed the favour of Henry VIII. and the principal nobility 
of his time. Wolfe was the first who had a patent for being 
printer to the King in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. By this in- 
strument, dated April 19th, 1347, the 1st year of Edward VI. he 
was authorized to be his Majesty's bookseller and stationer, and 
to print books of every kind in those languages, as well as Greek 
and Latin grammars, althqugh intermixed with English, tbge- 
ther with maps, charts, &c. which might at any time be useful and 
necessary. He was further permitted to exercise this office, either 
himself or by his sufficient deputies ; and was to receive, dnring 
his life, an annuity of twenty-six shillings and eight-pence, besides 
all other profits and advantages that might accrue from his office. 
Wolfe, however, has other claims to notice, independently of his 
typographical skill: being a man of learning, and fond of anti- 
quarian pursuits, , he collected the materials for the chronicles, 
afterwards digested and published by Holinshed. His widow, 
Joan' Wolfe, printed from 1574 to 1580. 
^. The device of John Day, a man of great learning, who printed 
from 1549 to 1584. He was the first who printed in Saxon cha- 
racters, and greatly improved the Greek, Italic, and other 
characters ; and, as no work of his appeared during the reign of 
Queen Miuy, A'mes conjectures that he was employed in bringing 
his art to perfection. Among other works executed by him, were 
the voliiminous Acts and Monuments of John Fox, the martyiolo- 
gist, beside numerous publica,tions written in favour of religion 
and against the Romish church. His motto, Aiise : for it is Oay, 
referred to the night of ignorance, newly dispersed : tradi- 
tion, indeed, ascribes it to a different origin, and states that 
Day was accustomed to awake his apprentices, when they had 
prolonged their slumbers beyond the usual hour, by the wholesome 
applicatiofi of a scourge, and the sumiQons.-^.4ris<7 U is Day, 
There does i)Qt, however, appear to be any foundation for this 
tradition. Richard Day, a son of our printer, was associated in 
a patent with his father, in 1577, for printing the Psalms in metre, 
&c. He was a man of learning, had graduated at Cambridge, 
and printed from that year until 1584. 
6. The device of William Seres, who was concerned as a partner with 
John Day, in the publication of several pieces ; but Day's name 
always stands first. According to Strype, Seres was a servant to 
Sir William Cecil, principal Secretary of State to Edward VI. ; who 
procured for him a licence to print " all manner of private 
prayers, called primers, as should be agreeable to the common 
: r . : prayer established in the court of parliament, and that none else 
should^printthe same." Strype further, adds, that Sexes had a 
privilege for printing psalters, primers (English or Latin), and 
prayer-hooks ; which was taken away from him by Queen Mary, . 
but restored, thcougb. Qecjl's interest, in the reigfi, of Elizabeth, 
with an extension of the grant to him and his sqn, during the life 
of the longest liver. Seres coutimted to print from 1544 talSTS. 



No. XL 



To face Page xxxvii of Appendix. 




.1 







8 





MONOGRAMS AND DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. 
(No. VII.— JBtg/wA.) 



DEVICES OF ANTIENT PRINTERS. xxxvit 

7. The mark of Richard Jugge, who received a liberal education, 
and was elected from Eton to King's College', Cambridge, in IriSl. 
About the time of the reformation, he acquired the art of printing, 
which he practised in King Edward Vlth's time, a'nd kept shop 
at the North door of St. Paul's Church ; but dwelt at the sign of 
the Bible, in Newgate-market, near Christ's Church. He and 
John Cawood were appointed printers to Queen Elizabeth, By 
patent, dated the 2«h of March, 15,60, with tlie usual allowance 
of 61. ISs.'id. to print all statutes; &c. Judge's editions of the 
Old and New Testament in' his day, are now jnstly considered 
curious and masterly pieces of printing, being ornamented with 
many elegant initial letters, and fine wooden cuts. He carried on 
business about thirty years, and was succeeded in 'it by his wife 
Jean. 

g. The device of Hugh Singleton, who is supposed to havfe befcn a very 
early printer, though the first productiou' of his' preiiS"tt6e^,not 
bear Hate before 1348. In the year 1581, thfe 23d of the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, Singleton printed a seditions' quarto book, under 
the following title ; d gaping Gulph to iwallow up England 'by a 
French Marriage, l^c. It was written by John Stubb^, of Lincoln's 
Inn, and published by William Page, all three of whom were 
apprehended, and, by a lawof Philip and Mary, received sentfence^ 
to lose their right. hands; which was put in force against the' 
author and publisher, who had their right hitnds taken tm at their 
wrist by a butcher's knife and a mallet ; but Singleton, through 
the interest of his friends,. obtained a remittance of his sentence. 
Singleton continued in business until 1588, " at the Golden Tun, 
in Creed Lane, near Ludgate." 



Explanation of ihe annexed Decices. — No. VII. 

t'. The mai-k-of <Valter orGualter Lynhe ; he, is known botli as an author . 
iand as a printer of several books, which bear date from 1548 to 

isfeo. '-''^ 

2'. That of John Cawbod, who ^vas descended from an antient family 
in Yorksliire. When or by whom liS was instructed in the art of 
^rinlaSg does not appear : Ibilt he exercised that art for three or 
i'am years before Queen Mary^granted him a patent for the office 
of r^^ printer, when JRichard Graftoii was deprived of it and 
with flifficulty escaped with his life. John Cawood and Hem-y 
Coks were appointed the first wardens of the Stationers' Com* 
pany, ih the cliarter 6f incorporation granted b> Philip and 
maiy. 'During the reign of Elizabeth, he was associated with 
Richard Jugge, and printed books both jointly and separately. 
Cawood's books bear date from 1550 to 15?0. 

3. The device of Richard Tottel, whose name is variously spelled 
Tottle, TotUyll, and Tothill, He was a very considerable law , 
printer in the reign of Queen Mary, and was twice Master of 
the Stationers' Company. He prinled between 1553 and 1593. 

4; The mark of Richard Jones, whose name is varioosly spelled 
Johnes and Jhones. He printed many works between 1570 and 
%5^7, in partnership with Thomas Colwell and others. 



axuviii APPENDIX. 

S.Tliat of William Middleton, who printed between tS-tl and 1547? 
he is supposed to have succeeded Robert Redman, a law-printer, 
who was contemporary with iWynkyn de Worde, Fynson and 
Rastall, and ceased to print in 1540, in which year Redman 
died. : Middleton's books are chiefly on legal tojrics. 

6. Thfe device of Thomas Purfoot, whose books are dated between 
1544 and 1598 : he, was an original member of the Stationers' 
Company. 

7.. The mark of John Wolfe, who was originally a fishmonger, and 
began to print in 16B1. His early career was not very poptilar, 
. .according to Stow; who speaking of Wolfe says that in a contest 
between the patentees and the. Stationers' Company, our printer 
" taking upon him as a captain in this cause, was content with 
no agreement ; but generally affirmed that he might and would 
print any lawful hpok, notwithstanding any commandment of the 
queen." This cpnduct. Stow adds, incensed. the popnl^ace, as in 
a common cause, somewhat dangerously (Survey of Lqud. by 
Strype, p. 223), and opera^ied to his prejudice. AftBfwards how- 
ever Wolfe was insuch favpur with the citizens of London that 
he was appointed the first Printer to the City. Wolfe continued 
to .print till 1600: his. device, a fleur-de-lis seeding, is some- 
times accompanied by the motto, Vbiquejlorescit. 

S. The mark of John Sibercb, the first printer at Cambridge. See a 
brief notice of him, jwyra,' pp. 196, 240. \ 



No.V. 
UNIQUE AND ILLUSTRATED COPIES. 

{'Rqferred to, page 3260 

Books are either utuque in themsel-ves, one copy only being 
extant, or unique in 'their execution as we have already remarket^ 
jj; 326iiufra. Several works of this description have been men- 
tioned incidentally, under No, II. of this Appendix (pp_. xiv — ^xxl* 
It only remains therefore to give a few instances.of ' unique and il- 
lustrated copies,' with reference to the extraordiDary prices, which 
they bear, .The following specimens- are. extracted from Messrs. 
Longman andCo.'s Catalogue ofRare,^ Curious, and Variable Books, 
as affordiag the best eIuci(£tion of this subject: the catalogues of 
many London and Provincial Booksellers present a variety of articles 
equally cnrions and vahiatde, from which it would be an -easy task 
to select, if the limits of this volurtie would permit. But the raiity 
and intrinsic value of the Books will abundantly speak fot thelkn- 
selves. . 

(From Messrtt Longman and Co.') Catalogue for 1S13, Parts JI. and 

in. ito.) 

S98. BUiliomania, or Book Madness, a Bibliographical Komance, by the 
Rev. T. F. Dibdin, with curious Wood Cuts, Tail Pieces^ &c. Urge 
paper, biilliantly illustrated with a choice Selection of cnrionf 'and 



UNIQUE AND ILLUSTRATED BOOKS. xxxw 

scarce Portraits and Heads (-upuMrds of 230 in number), most of 
whicli are very fine Impressions, with a beautifully engraved 
Head of the Author, of which 25 impressions only were taken, 
the Plate having been immediately after destroyed, 5 vols, imr 
perialSvo. superbly bound in purple morocco, gilt edges, 1811. 
lOSJ. 

*«* Of tins amusing romance there were only SO Copies of tlis 
large i>aper printed, every one of which was subscribed for, and 
there is every probability of its being equally as scarce, ^^s the 
most rare Book in those duridus Collections which Mr. Dibdin 
has so humoronsly described. - 

'399. Cole's Travels in SuMzerlaiid,fine impressions, beautifully illustrated 
with a remarkably fine Collection of old Portraits and Heads, 
among whieh are Jerome of Prague, Pope John the- g3d, the 
Emperor Albert, Frederic the 2nd, Azzo, John and Barnabas 
Visconti, Bullinger, a Drawing of Luther, &c. &c. fine historical 
and topographical Views, among which are the Death of Arnold 
de Winkelried at the Battle of Sempach, William Tell leaping from 
the Boat, the Castle of Hapsburgh (a private plate), &c. &c. This 
valuable Work is half-bound, russia backs, uncut, 2 vols, 4to. and 
a Collection of Alpine Views, oblong 4to. half-bound, calf.!hacks. 
3Sl. 

400. Memoirs qf Edmund laiMow, Esq, with a Collection of oi-iginal 
Papers, and the Case of King Charles the First, illustrated with 
upwards of one hundred Heads of the principal leading Charac- 
ters during the Revolution, with Views of the principal Engage- 
ments during that period, 2 vols. 4to. elegantly bound in russia, 

irn. 301 

401. Letters from and to Sir Dudley Carleton, during his embassy in Hol- 
land, With a compendious historical Preface, beautifully illustrated 
with upwards of fifty fine Heads of the most remarkable Person- 
ages in Europe during that Period, 4to. superbly bound in purple 
morocco, silk linings and gilt edges, 1757. 2al. 

•.*' This valuable work (of which there were butfew; Copies printed, 
and those not for sale) forms a vfery; interesting Account of the 
Situation of Affairs in Europe during the most critical part of 
King James the First's Reign, as well as the State Papers re- 
lating to the inhuman Massacre at Amboyna. 

40$. Granger's Biographical History i^England,u>ith Noble's Continuation, 
Urgepaper, illustrated with upwards oifim hundred and J^ty Por- 
traits and Heads, many of which are scarce, some fine Family 
Gronpes, &c. comprising heads of the Kings, Queens, Clergy, 
Warriors, and a Number of eccentric Characters, 14 vols, royal 
8vo, elegantly bound in russia extra, gilt edges. 451. 

403. Strahm's Bible, imperialpaper, beautifully illustrated with upwards 



xl APPENDIX. 

of two hundred and ^ty fine Engi-avlngs, remarkably neatly in^ 
laid, 2 vols, imperial 4to, superbly bound in russia, gilt edges, 
1806. 351. 

404\ Bowyet's Cabinet Bible, splendidly illustrated with upwards of eight 
hnmdred very fine historical Engravings of the principal Events 
recorded in Sacred History, a great Number of which are very 
scarce, remarkably neatly affixed to the blank leave's, u matchless 
Copy, 8 vols, royal 8vo. superbly bound in blue turkey, with 
appropriate devices on the sides, silk linings and gilt edges.. 84/. 

411. Watson's History of the Reign of Philip the Second, beautifully il- 
lustrated with near JJe£ hundred Prints, comprising Heads of -the 
principal personages of Note during that Period, among )vhich 
are two fipe Heads of Philip, by Wigrx, which, are extremely rare, 
some fine old Maps and Plans, and Views of the principal En- 
gagements by Sea and Land, particyilarly in Holland and the 
Netherlands ; the Prints are very neatly affixed to the blank 
leaves, and are tastefully arranged, 4 vols. 4to. superbly bound 
in russia, gilt edges^ 1778. 84/. 

'J 12. A Description qfthe Villa of Mr. Horace Walpole, at Strawberry Hill, 
large paper, splendidly illustrated with a valuable CoHeiction of 
Drawings of Curiosities, &c. contained therein ; a great Number 
of fine Drawings and . Engravings of the principal Portraits and 
Heads, many of which are proqfs; a Variety of Exterior and In- 
terior Views of that interesting Villa, and several detached Pieces, 
which were printed there, and are now become extremely scarce : 
amppg which are an Ode. to .Mrs. Crewe, by Mr. Fox; some 
Verses by Pentycross ; the whole forming a pleasing Variety and 
extensive Collection of Topographical, Historical, and Bio- 
graphical Prints, Drawings, &c. superbly bound in russia, gilt 
edges. Strawberry Hill, 1784. 35?. 

413. Miscellaneous Antiquities, or a Collection of curious Papers from 
scarce Tracts, or now first printed from the original Manuscript, 
splendidly illustrated with upwards of one hundred rare Portraits 
and Heads, Topographical and Historical Views, ejeg^htly 
bound in one Volume, 4to. red morocco, gilt edges. Strawberry 
Hill, 1772. 18/. igs. 

748. Granger's Biographical History of Erfglflnii, splendidly illustrated 
with an immense number of Portraits, Heads, Family Groups^ 
Autographs, &c. &c. Among others, equally rare and valuable, 
are a complete set of the Heads from the Heroologia, fine Im- 
pressions; the whole of Rapin's large and small Heads;,! with 
Seventy-eight Houbraken's, and Fifty-four Hollar's Ijeads, many 
Heads by Delaram, Faithorne, Gaywood and Loggan; Elstracke 



UNIQUE AND ILLUSTRATED BOOKS. xU 

and Pass's Heads, to Marty's England j ^e, Oxford 'ftnd. Cam- 
bridge Founders ; all Lombard's l<^dip5 and Ppimtesses, fine Im- 
pressions; the whole of Vertue's Heads of the Poets, and a con- 
siderable number by White, M^-!tl^a}|, Glover, ^d, other e^iiinent 
Engravei's; a curious Collection of Portraits, &c. of M9unte- 
banks, Ballad Singers, and other eccentric Char^ctersj are in- 
terspersed throughout the work. In this extensive Collection 
(there being upwards of two thousand two hundred Prints) the 
greatest part are very scarce and fine Impressions, tastefully 
arranged, and remarkably neatly affixed. The whole bound in 
12 volumes, ^imperial folio, rnssia extra, blind tooled, raised 
bands, and gilt edges. 7502. 

r49. Rapin's History of England, with Tindal's Continuation, and tlie Acta 
Regi», splendidly illustrated with Houbraken's and, yei;tUe's 
Heads, M<)numerits,;&c. and a fine Collection of IJe^ds by Qunst, 
Vermeulen, Audran, Drevet,&c. very fine Impressions, an ex- 
cellent Copy of this Popular Work, superbly bo.nnd iq 6 vols, 
folio, russia, raised bands and joints, gilt edges,. 173?. 701, 

750. Holy Bible, by Bill, splendidly illustrated with an immense number 
of fine Historical Engravings by Weigel, g vols, folioj superbly 
bound in russia, gilt edges, London, 1701. 362. 

(From Messrs. Longman and Go's. Catalogue/or 1814. Part I. iio.) 

1. Lysons's Environs )if London, large paper, being an historical account 
of the Towns, Villages, and Handet^, vfitjiin. twelve Miles of the 
British Capital, including the whole of the County of Middlesex ; 
splendidly illustrated with a fiije Collection of scarce yiews of 
.Churches, Mansions, &c. The Drawings of the Monuments, 
stained Glass, Old Tiles, and other Curiosities interspersed 
throughout, can scarcely be surpassed, either as to their sticking 
resemblance to the originals, the beauty and richness of' the co- 
louring, or the neatness displayed in the Manvi^cript Inscriptions 
on the Drawings of the Monumenfc^. There is no place in Eng- 
land that contains, within the same $pace, such a variety of 
curious Monuments as are to be found witljin the Circuit, em- 
braced, by thi* work ; the Artist and the Collector haiVe, wilji un- 
remitting Exertion and Assiduity, availed themselves of every 
opportunity to bring together whatever Prints or Drawings could 
contribute to their display or Ulus.tratioa ; the immense number 
of beautiful: and highly finished coloured Drawings of Churches, 
Gentlemen's Seats, and other ii^teresting Views, form a most 
pleasing Variety. Fine Engravings of similar snbjeets, are also 
very ftomerous. This splendid Work also contains many hundred 
fine Engravings and beautiful drawings of Portraits, besides a 



xlii APPENDIX. 

great number of hl^Iy finished coloured Drawings of Coats of 
Arms from different Church Windows^ Monuments^ &c. On the 
margin of the letter-press, there are a great variety of Drawing* 
of the heraldic bearings of the different personages recorded in 
the Work, finished in a very superior Style.' The whole forming 
perhaps the finest illustrated Topographical Work ever offered 
to the Public for sale,' and it is ratlier doubtful if any Gentleman 
could collect materials for such a magnificent undertaking, under 
Two Thousand Pounds. This Work is got up with an extraordi- 
nary degree of neatness, and is bound in 17 vols. ■ royal 4to. ele- 
gant in rnssia, blank tooted, and gilt leaves. 6301. 

2 A Dictwnary of Painters, from the Revival of tlie Art,' to the Present 
Period. By the Rev. M. Pilkington, A.M. A new EditUm with 
emsiderdble Alteration^, Additions, an Appendix^ and Index, By 
Henry Fuseli, R. A. Large paper. Illustrated witil Portraits of 
the different Artists, Original Drawings and Etchings by them, 
many of which are scarce and valuable, a Va.rlety of Prints en- 
graved from their different Designs, 6hiefly selected from the 
Orleans, Choiseul, Poullain, and Houghton Gallei-leS. The illus- 
trative specimens amount to 1435, and have been collected by a 
Gentleman of .distinguished Taste, at a very considerable ex- 
pence. Splendidly bound in 8 vols, vvith Original Drawings for 
the Title-pages; Large qtiartOj-in blue morocco, joints, gilt 
leaves, &c. AM, 

3. A Splendid Collection of Books Printed, at, and Relating to, Straw- 
berry Mik, and Connected with Horace Walpole (Earl of Orford), 
viz. LncaniPharsalia, 4to. 1760: Hasty Productions, both parts, 
royal 4to. Norwich, 1791 : Copies of Seven Original Letters from 
King Edward the Sixth to Bamaby Fitz-Patrick, 4to. 1772: 
Odes by Gray, 4to. 1757 : Poems by Anna Chambers, 4to. 1764 : 
A Description of the Collection of Pictures at Houghton-Hall, 
4to. Lond. 1767: Walpole's Historic Doubts on the Life and 
Reign of King Richard the Third, 4to. Lond. 1768: Memoires 
du Comte de Grammont, 4to. 1762: A Catalogue of the curious 
Collection of Pictures of the Duke of Buckingham, 4to. Lond. 
1748: A 'Catalogue and Description of King Charles' the First's 
Collection, with the Supplement, 4to. 1757 : Walpole's Essay on 
Modern Gardening, French and English, 4to. 1785 : A Catalogue 
of the Collection of Pictures, &c. belonging to James the Second, 
4to. London, 1758: Hollar's Works Illustrated, 4to. Lond. 1745: 
A Description of the Villa of Horace Walpole,'4to. 1774; Mis- 
cellaneous Antiquities, 4to. 1772: A Collection of 26 detached 
Pieces, bound in one vol.'4to. 1775,'&c. The Life of Lord Her- 
bert of Cherbury, 4to;' 1764: Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting 



DNiaUE AND ILLUSTRATED BOOKS. xliii 

and Engraving, 5 vols, 4to. Jonathan Richardson's Works, 4to. 
Edwards's Anecdotes of Painters, 4to. Lond. 1808: The Castle of 
Otranto, rayal Bvo. Parma, 1791 : A Letter to the Editor^.of the 
iVtiscellanies of Thomas Chatterton, 8vo. irW: Hoyland's Poems, 
12mo.ir69: Hentzner's Journey into England, 12mo..l75?: 
; Fugitive Pieces in Verse and Prose, ISmo, 1758 : Mysterious 
Mother, Bvo. 1768: Comfilie, Vestale, Trag^die, 8vo. 1768: 
The Sleep Walker, .8vo. 1778: AiCatalogue of the Royal and 
Noble Authors, 2 vols; Bvo. 1758: Whitworth's Account pf Russia, 
Svo. 1758 : 4 Parallel between Magliabechi and Hill, 8vo. 1758 ; 
Walpoliana, 2 vols, in 1, folio, in all 37 vols, nearly uniform, 
superbly bound .in red . morocco, gilt leaves, principally by 
Lewis. 

*#* Itispresumed that this Collection will be found matchless, both 
in respect to the Condition of each Article, and the numerous 
Illustrations with which most of the works are accompanied. 
These illustrations consist of rare Portraits, and views by Hollar, 
Bartolozzi, Scbiavonetti, Hstrding, &c. together with a great va- 
riety of original Drawings, fileven of the preceding articles 
were never printed at gtrawbefty Hill, but by the celebrated 
Bodoni of Parma, I)otlsley of London^ &c. 

4. Cromwelliana: achronologicatdetailof Events in which Oliver Crom- 
wellwas engaged from the year 1642, to his Death 1658, with a 
continuationof other Transactions to the Restoration, splendidly 
illustrated with an immense Collection of Portraits of the principal 
Personages recorded in the Work, severalof which are Originals; 
a number of fine Historical and Topographical Views, and two 
Title-pages with appropriate Devices, finely drawn by Heath. 
The whole mounted upon, Columbier drawing paper, -2 vote. 
Atlas Folio, superbly bound in purple morocco, joints, and gilt 
leaves. 2501. 

%» To describe this magnificent Work, would be almost impossi- 
ble, as the most elaborate description would convey but a very 
faint idea of its Beauty. It needs but to be seen, to be admired. 

S.'CrmnwMiam, with upwards of One Hundred scarce Portraits, His- 
torical Views, &c. among which are Charles the First and Second; 
by Hollar; and Oliver Cromwell cutting down the Oak, superbly 
bound in 1 vol. folio, purple morocco, gilt leaves; 312. 10s. 

6. Pennant's Account of Ltmdm, largest paper, profusely illustrated with 
an immense Collection of interesting Portraits, principally by the 
first Masters, viz, Houbraken, Vertue, Vander WorflF, More, &c. 
&c. comprising most of the Kings and Queens who have reignedin 
England; the principal Statesmen, -Warriors, Clergy, &c, &c. ; 
fine Views of the diflferent Churches and Monuments ; interior 
and exterior Views of Lambeth Palace, the Savoy, the diflFerent 



xliv APPENDIX. 

Inns of Court, and many other Places, of which no vestige now 
remains. Some fine old Maps, and a number of HistoricaV Views ; 
the whole, forming a Collection of more than elmen hundteS En- 
griwmgs, most of Which are very rare, or fine impressions: the 
judicious and masterly Manner, in which they are arranged 
to correspond . with the Letter-press, and the neatness and in- 
genuity by which they are affixed to the blank leaves, are such 
lliat it is doubtful if such a fine Copy can.be procured at any 
price. There are a few blank rleaves interspersed' throughout 
the Work, ?■ vols> imperial folio, handsomely bound in russia, gilt 
leaves. 2701. 

Some curious particulars, relative to Unif^e and Illustrated Copies, 
may be seen in the Bil;>liomania, pp. 664, e^O, 685, 687. 



No. VI. 

WORKS IN THE MACARONIC STYI.E, 

(Referred to, page 332.^ 

*' It is the characteristic of a Macaronic Poem, fo be written 
in Latin hexameters, but so as to admit occasionally vernacular 
words, either in theirnative form, or with a Latin inflexion : other 
licences, too,, are allowed in the measure of the lines,, contrary to 
the strict rules of prosody." (Goode's Life of Dr. Geddes, p. sSS.) 
For the origin of this term, different derivations have been as- 
signed: the most rational is that of Mr. Mason Goode, who de- 
duces it from the Italian term Maccherone, " significative of a block- 
head, an ignoramus, or in equivalent 'S.vi^i&h., pudding'*ated felloiv ; 
Maeehero'nea (Macaronics) are obviously therefore buriesque imita- 
tions of the unclassical style of such writers." (Life, &c. p. 2S6.) 
The following is a brief notice of the principal Macaronic Works, 
^ridged, from De Bure (Belles Lettres, torn. i. pp. 445 — 4S9), 
compared with Brunet's Manuel de Libraire, torn., i. ii. under the 
different articles, with the addition of a few recent works executed 
in the same style. 

Macharanea varia, diversis lin^is conscripfa, prasertim Latine et ca- 
ractere gothico impressa. 16mo. No place or date. 

Such is the title given by De Bure to a small but extremely rare vo- 
lume; consisting of 14 pieces (M. Brunet says 17), the titles of which 
are eniimerated by De Bure. They are composed partly in Latin, 
ItaKan, antiquated French, &e. ; the authors are unknown, and the 
subject and style are ailifee uninteUigible. Two detached leaves, 
eontaining a ta.ble of the pieces, arid a prologue, are at the cbmiaence- 
meii't of the v6h(iWe. ■ ^ , 



WORKS IN TH& MACARONIC STYLE. xl»r 

Merlini Cocaii Opus I^acaronicorum, totum in pristinuni formam per 
me Magistrum Lodolam optime redactum, Tuscuhni, apud 
Lucani Benacensem, 1521, 12mo. with plates. 

The first edition of this work was printed in 1517 ; but not being 
complete, though of rare occurrence, it is not so valuable as the second, ' 
published in 152i, which is scarce, dear, and seldom to be met with 
in good condition. The volume is executed with remarkable charac-' 
ters and is ornamented with wood-cuts ; beside sra leaves p^ged, it 
ought to contain eight separate leaves which are not paged. The 
Venice edition, professing to be mmc recensj accurate recogmtum, ap- 
peared in 1561, 12mo. : though greatjy different from the preceding, 
it is nevertheless in considerable, request. Another edition, Am^teh- 
dami (rather Neapoli), was printed in 1672, small 8vo. with plates. 
A Latin and Italian edition was published at Mantua, intitled, Theaph. 
Folengi, vulgo Merlini, opus Macaronimm notis illustratum; cui aecessit 
VQcabulariumremaculum. Etrv^co-Latirmm. Amstel. {Mantu€eXi768—^l, 
2 vols. 4to. with plates. The French Version first appeared, in 1606, 
under the following title: Histoire Macearonique de Merlin Coccaie, 
prototype de Rabelais ; phis, I'horrible batiaile advenue entre' les mvuches et 
les fournm, 2 vols, small 12mo. The author of this translation is un- 
known: it is not a common book; unless however it is in good co^di' 
tion, it is of little value. The reprint (at Pairig) 1734, Q vqls. smatt 
l^mo. is by no means rare : there were a f^w copies struck off on vellum, 
divided into six equal parts or volumes. These are in great request. 
TheophUo Fo^e^gi, better known by the name ot Merlin Coc<giye,vi&a 
bom in the vicinity of Mantua, in 1491, and became a Benedictine; 
but being of an amorous turn, he quitted his habit, which Ire resumed 
after he had led a rambling life for some years. He died in 1544, and 
is .the reputed inventor of Macaronic poetry, 

Guarini Capelli Sarsinas, Macharonea in 'Cabrinum Gagamagogae re- 
gem composita, multum delectabilis ad legeudum. Arimini, per 
Hen. Suncinum, 1526, 12mo. 
A small and imcommon book. 

3/eJg1-aenteprisaCatoliquiiniperatoris, quando de anno Domini, 1536, 
veniebat per Provensam bene corrozatus, in postam prendere 
Fi-ansam, cum villis de Provensa, Per Antoninm Arenam Basti> 
fansatam. Avenione, 1537, 12mo. (in gothic letters). 

The subject of this volume is the expedition of Charles V. into 
France : the Emperor is bantered with much ingenuity and delicacy. 
The work is said to have been suppressed shortly after its publication. 
There liave been two reprints or it ; one at Avignon, 1748, under the 
date of Bruxelles, the other at Lyon, 1760, 8vo. which impression, it 
is said, consisted of only 150 Copies. 

Antonius de Arena: De Bragardissima villa de Soleriis, ad compag- 
nones stodiamtes, qui sunt de persona friantes, bassas, etc, etc. 
Stamp, in Stampatura Stampatorum anno l670.-^Nova novorum 
novissima, sivc pocmata macaronica, qui faciunt crepare lectores 
et saltare capras ob nimium risum, per Barth, BoUam, Stamp, in 
Stampatura Stampatorum, 1670, 12mo. 



xlvi APPENDIX. 

, The completest edition extant of this work. The additional Poemii' 
of Bolla are very inferior to those of Antoniiis de Arena (Theodore 
Beza). There have been several reprints of it, which are not of much 
value, unless they are in good condition. M, Brunet mentions one of 
the pieces, ad sues compagnones, Sfc. printed at London, 1748, 8vo. and 
another of the samej^ under the title of Utilissimum opus, guerramm set 
dUnsarum. Impressatuja in Bragardissima villa, de - Parjs, fet JuUum 
Delphinnm, i57i, Bvp. 

Dittlogtts fabetus et singularis, non minus eruditidnis quam' njajca- 
ron'ices cpmplectens, ex obscurorum virorum salibus crihratus, 
in Bvo. round letters, no date, 

'This piece is mentioned by Brunet, from tlie Gaignat Catalogue: 
who was the author, or in whose possession it now is, are circum- 
stances equally unknown. 

Petri- Porcii poetse praestantissirai Fugna porcorum. Poema Maca- 
ronicum, cujus carminis singula verba incipiunt per litteramF. 
Antverpia. Sim. Cagnus, 1533, Bvo. 

Tlieoriginal and best edition, — ^The editions of Paris, 1539 ; Loumin, 
1S46; and Basle, 1547, all in gvo. are valuable. This work was re- 
printed, in the Nnga Venales, svce Thesaurus ridendi et jocandi, 1644, 
1663, <no place or printer's name) and 1720, 1740. London. 12mo. )<■ 

Hugbaldi poetae praestantis Ecloga de Calvis. . Basilea^ 1546, 8vo. 

Mart. Hamconii Frisii Certamen Catholicorum ciun Calvinistis, con- 
tiniuo charactere C. conscriptnm. Lornnii, 1612, 4to. 

Every word in these two singular p»ems be'gips with the letter C. 
as the preceding does with a P. That of Hamconius is said to com- - 
pcise eleven hundred verses of this description. By the side of these 
Poemg, M. Feignot remarks, may be placed Leti's Discourse De JR. 
Candita; an Essay presented by him to the Academy of Humorists at 
Rome, and from which the letter R. is totally excluded. 

Epitaphia hondrandi magistri nostri Petri k Cornibus. Farisiis, 154S, 
8vo. 

Harengd Macaronica, habita in monasterio Cluniacensi, ad M. Car- 
dinalem de Lotharingia, pro repetenda coron& aure&, quam ab- 
stulit a Jacobitis urbis Metensis. Venundantur Rhemis in Campa- 
nia, 1566, 8vo. 
This work is ascribed by M. Brunet, to Vincent Justiniani. 

Reeitus veritabilis super esmeuta terribili Paysanorum de Ruellio, a , 
Jano Carillio Fray^ absque anno. — Epistoh Macaronica Arthusii 
aid D. de Parisiis super attestat^one sufi, justificante et nididante 
Fatres Jesuitas, absque nota editionis.-^De bello Hugtieiioticd 
poema, absque locu et anno, 8 vo. 

Joan.. Bapt. . Lichiardi Cagasanga Reistrorum Suisso-Lansquettorum. 
Paris, Rieher, 1588, Bvo. extremely rate. 



WORKS IN THE MACARONIC STYLE. xlvii 

AndretR Braima Fabula Macaronea, cui.titulas.est, Camwale. Bms- 

ciaid, Pheas,X6X^, 8vo. 
Mi^istn Stojnni poetae Ponzanensis Capricia MaCaronica. Venetiis, 

1670, 16mo. 

A pretty edition of an esteemed work of this class : it has been re- 
priiited several times; and, according to Debure, there is not much 
difference in the editions, provided the books are in good condition. 
Sf, Brunet, however, states that the Venice editions, of 1636 and 1639, 
in ISmo. are less complete though cheaper ; and that those of 1700, 
in ISmo. and of ,1788, in- 8to, are not worth much. 

The Macaronic productions of the English press are not very nu- 
merous, this species of writing having been litUe cultivated. At the 
end of vol. vi. of Leland's Itinerary (pp. 151 — 156) Heame has given 
a short poem, somewhat in the Macaronic style, relative to a battle at 
Oxford, between the scholars and the townsmen : and part of Rug- 
gle's celebrated Comedy of Ignoramus is coinposed on the same model. 
The following are the only British Macaronics whichhavecometoour 
notice. -Jt" 

Epistola Macaronica ad fratrem, de iis quae gesta sunt in niipero dis- 
sentientium conventu, Londini habitq, prid.id. Feb. 1790, Lond, 
1790, 4to. 

This Poem vras addressed by the late Rev. Dr. Geddes to his brother, 
and is allowed to be one- of the happiest attempts extant in the Ma- 
caronic style. Its subject is the events which took place at a general 
dinner of the Protestant Dissenters, at the London Tavern, in February, 
1790 ; at which place they had assembled, in order to wish- success to 
their conjoint efforts in obtaining a repeal of the Corporation and Test 
Acts. — An English Version for the use qfthe ladies and country geatlemai 
was pdblished in the same year, by the author. The reader will find 
a copious analysis with extracts from this sporttee production in the 
Monthly Rev. (New Ser.Vvol. ii. pp. 353 et seq. and in Mr. Mason 
Goode's Life of Dr. Geddes, pp.:255-r-286. 

Ode Pindarico-Sapphico-Macaronica in Gulielmi Pittii,' &c. Xau- 

dem. — In the Morning Chronicle of Jan. 13', 1795. 

A translation appeared in the same Paper on the 30th Jan. in the; 
same year. Both from tlie pen of Dr. Geddes. 

Bardomachia — Poema Macaronico-Latinum. Lond. 4to. 1800. 
Bardomachia; or the Battle of the Bards translated from the 
original Latin. Lond. 1800, 4to. 

This piece also is from the pen of Dr. Geddes: its subject is a 
celebrated battle, which took place between two rival bards in a 
bookseller's shop. *' As the subject itself," his biographer remarks, , 
" w^ temporary and of no honour to either party, I shsdl not attempt 
to arrest its iight to oblivion." The poem is merely noticed in this 
place, to complete the list-of English Macaronic productions. 

Carminum rariorum Macaronicorum. Delectus, in Lucbnim: Apolli* 

narinm. 

I learn from the British Critic, vol. xxii. p. 431, that two fasfiadi 

^- l.oUTno-.rrUdi'ncL, C^o^men hmcxrcni^i^^n cuctift. QuL. '}> 7^UvitHU-rtJ.o 
Scoto-irit^'^-^'^y^lt. oHu^'T^o^-msl rtcc-^su^t- ■no'tc:i^u^ KU^h^yi- 



xlviii APPENDIX. 

of this collection were printed at Edinburgh. The book, probably, 
from being printed at so great a distance from the metropolis, is al- 
most entkely unknown. 



No. VII. 

NOTICES OF SOME OF THE MOST EMINENT PRINTERS 

Of the I5th, I6th, I7th, and I8ih Centuries, and of the. 
principal Editions executed by them. 

. ' ( Referred to, page Sii.) 

1. GUTENBURG, FUST, AND SCHOIFFER. 

As the principal circunistances, relative to the invention of printing 
by Gutenberg, have already been related pp. 156-163, svpra, together 
with hi&, transactions with Fust and Schoiifer, and. also then- subse- 

3uent Jaboiirs ; the present notice will comprise a list of such pro- 
ttctions as are ascertained to have been executed by them respec- 
tively, accompanied with a fevf incidental remarks. 

!. Works executed by Guienhurg. 

Circa A. D. 1445—1467, or 1468. 

The twd earliest works attributed to Gutenberg, and supposed to 
have been executed by him at Mayerice, are— 1. An Alphabet, en- ' 
graved on a plate' for the use of schools ^ anil ^.Alexandri Galli^Doc- 
triiiale!, et Petri Hispani Tractatus liOgioalesl- As, however, they have 
lohg'slnce ceased to -exist, it is sufficient merely to mention them, and 
to' remark, that the ' following list of the productions of Gutenberg's 
press is an-anged chiefly in the orderadopted by Peigriot (Diet, de 
Bi()U^. t. iii. pp. 1-29, 130), fron» M. Fischer's Essai sur les Mortumens 
typugraphiquei de Jean Gutenberg, 4to. Miiyence, 1802, noticed p. 510, 
supra. '"' * 

1. Donatus de oclo Partibus Orationis, 4to. 

On fixed wooden blocks, long letters, 4 lines ; short letters, 3^ 
lines ; thickness half a line. 

2. Donatus de octo Partibus Orationis, 4to. 

First edition with moveable types, on vellum ; long letters, 2^ 
lilies ; short letters, Sj lines, by nearly half a line in breadth. 

S, 4.' Twa different editions of the same work, both in small folio, 
printed on vellttfti, with. moveable fusile types; long letters, 3f Ijnes ; 
short letters, S' lines ; fbicktiess, somewhat less than half a line. In the 
Bibl. Spetic. (Vol. ill. No. 555. p. 63,) is ap interesting account of 
a Donatus, which, according to Mr. Dibdin, " corresponds pretty 
miich, ih size aM character, with tlie fac-simile whifch Fis'tHer caused 
to be engraved, of the second edition of Donatus, by Gutenberg ; 
and which is placed /!rsf in the prder of his Essai." The royal li- 
brary at Paris possesses the two wooden blocks, formerly in the pos- 

8 



NOTICES ETC. OF EMINMT PRINTERS, xlix 

session of the Diic de la Valliere, and which sel-vcd for the first oi- 
second 410. editioii of Donatns (Brunet, Manuel, toni. i. p. 365). A 
specimen of them occurs in the Cat. de la Valliere, torn. ii. p.' 8. 

4. Littera Indulgentiarum Nicholai V. Pont. Max, M CCCC L. V. 

These letters pf indulgence are printed on a small sheet of parch- 
ment, and were issued by. Pope Nicholas V. in 1455 ; the produce of 
their sale was to be applied in aid of John (Liisiguan),!!. King of 
Cyprus,' who. -was then closely pressed by the Turks. Much uncer- 
tainty has prevailed respecting this publication, among foimer. bib-? 
liograpbers ; some of whom, front a sjipposed identity between the 
types of the Literae Indulgentiarum with those of the Rationale Du- 
randi, liave postponed their date to 1459. Mr. Dibdin, however, 
has placed this typographical curiosity among the works executed in 
the infancy of printing, and shewn,, by various arguments, that Pope 
Nicholas's letters are unquestionably the very first printed article 
with a date subjoined; See his minute description, in Bibl. Sjtenc,- 
vol. i. pp. xliv — liii, which, is illustrated by an elegant fac-simile of 
the seal, ^d parts of the letters themselves. Two copies are in 
Lord Spencer's library. • ■ ■ ■ 

5., Biblia Latina Vulgata,:.ttlpisgtanilionbus Slogitntiis impressaxtbsqve 
anno ci toco (circa 145(V)y B vols. fol. max. - . .. " . 

After a long and perplexing controversy among biBiiograJihers, it 
is now establi'shed, liat this is theJtrnl^iedUionbf the Bible, and^pro- 
bably the first work printed with metal types : it has. become theipore 
interesting, as the expen.ses attending the printing of this work led 
to the law-suit between Fust and Gutenberg, the event of wlitch has' 
already been related (pp. 158, 159, siipra).^ -JFlniugh publislied during 
Hie year 1455, and perhaps before the dissolution of tlieir partner- 
sliip, the.ex,ecutioriof this Bible is generally adjudged to Gutenberg^ 
who, we learn, from the chronicle of Cologne, printed by jCoelhoffj 
in 1499, began it in the juliilee.year, 1450 \(apud Mfeermau, Qrig. 
Typog., vol. II. p. 106). The ffltayence Bible, isi printed in twa tii- 
lun^g. of 42 Jiiies each^ in the. entire pages, excepting the 9 first,, 
whicii have only 40,, and tJlS, iptlj. which has 41 lines. Tlie entire 
work, LichtehbergCT remarks, consists of 641 leaves divided into two 
very large foUo.vols.,; not 637 leaves, as Masch, Panzer, Santander, 
Brunet, and Daunou erroneously state«^ Fprthe texture of tl)e;paper, 
^cejU^nce of execution, and black lustre of , the ink, this Bible is 
universally praised j yet, elegant as it cpnfessedly is, it is not finished, 
with all that ability which characterises the subsequent edition of 
1462. Like all otjier very antient books, it is destitute of title, 
paging, signatures, and catch-words ; the initial letters of the diflerent 
books-and chapters are' not printed, but painted by the illuminators ; 
and those of proper names are not larger than the i^st, unless' at the 
beginning of periods. Two letters are frequentlj? joined together in,' 
one type ; and the initial letters of each verse, in the Psalins, aie^ 
not-printed but painted alternately in red and black, that they might 
the mor^^rtSdily strike the .e'ye;of the readers. See Llchtehberger's 
Initia Typographica, pp. 30, 31 ; Santander, torn. ii. pp. 176— 180 ; 
BibKoth. .Spieric. voK i. pp. 3— 6. Beside the explanatory remarks 
here introdjiced, Mr., Dibdin has communicated an- elaborate Me- 
moir -on the:Mfl'yehCe Bibl6, in the 'Classical Joitrnal, vol. IV., pp. 
471 i83. Copies' of this superb work are in his MajestyVli-brary, 

d 



1 APPENDIX. 

in the Bodleian library, and in those of Earl Spencer and Sir M. M. 
Sykes, Bart. The royal library at Paris possesses two very fine 
copies, one of which is on vellum; there is also a copy in the Biblio- 
-thique de quatre Nations, 

2. Works executed by Gutenberg alone. 

A. D. 1455, 1467, or 1468. 
- 6. Almanack for the Year 1457. Vide supra, p. 158, note. 
7. Matlueus de Cracovia. — Tractatus rationis et conscientia (Mognntix, 
typis J. Gutenberg, circa 1460), 4to. 

An exceedingly rare and antient edition, executed in Gothic cha- 
racters similar to those of the Catholicon of 1460. The volume consists 
of 22 leaves, and is printed in long lines,. 30 in each entire page, with- 
out pages, catch-words, and signatures : it begins witliout any title, 
and finishes with the following subscription : Tractaim raeionis et 
consciencie de sumpcone pabuli sedutiferi corpis dni nostri xpifinit. >See 
Santander, vol. ii. p. 350 ; Panzer, torn. ii. p. 137; Bibl. Spenc. vol. 
iii. pp. 418, 419. Matthaius de Cracovia was a native of Chrochove 
in Pomerania, and not of Cracow in Poland, as many have conjec- 
tured : he taught in the University of Heidelberg, and died bishop of 
Worms in 1481. The Ars Moriendi, above described, App. p. ix. 
was compiled by him. 

8. Joannes Balbus de Jarma. — Incipit summa, qua; vocaf Catholicon, 
edita a fratre lohanne de lanua. Moguntia, absque nomine typo- 
graphi. fol. 

First edition, and very valuable : it is attributed fey Meerman, 
Panzer, Santander, Fischer, Mr. Beloe, and other bibliographers te 
Gutenberg. Panzer adds, that the Vocabularius ex quo* being 
printed by Bechtermunze in 1467 and 1469, proves the Catholicon to 
have been executed by Gutenberg. It contains 373 leaves in large 
folio ; some copies are on vellum, others on paper. John Balbi; the 
author of the Catholicon, was a native of Genoa, and a learned Do- 
minican monk : he fiiourished in the thirteenth century, and beside 
many other works, he composed the grammatical one above noticed; 
It is intituled Catholicon, or Universal, because it is a kind of Ency- 
clopedia, containing instructions in grammar and rhetoric, and a 
dictionary compiled from various authors. This work was fbrmerly 
in very great request, and was frequently printed in the early years 

* The title of the work in question is, Vocabularius Latino-Tcutonieus, seu. 
Vocabularius ex quo. 1467. It was printed in 4to. by Henry Bechtermuntze 
and Co. at Alta Villa (Elfeld), in the diocese of Mentz. Only one copy 
of this extremely rare volume is known : it is in the royal library at Paris. 
The Vocabularius is printed in long lines, 35 in each page, without sig- 
natures, catch-words, or figures. Bechtermuntze purchased Gutenberg's 
types of Conrad Humery; who solemnly promised the archbishop of 
MentZj that they should never be permitted to pass beyond that city, or 
the archbishop's jurisdiction. Santander, torn. i. pp. 89 — 91, 154, tom. 
iii. pp. 467, 46S. A copy of the second edition, executed with the same 
types as the preceding, is in Earl Spencer's library. Bib. Spenc. vol. iii. 
pp. 139—131. . • 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMLNENT PRINTERS. li 

of the typographic art. This very curious volume is divided into two 
parts : the first, which contaibs 64 leaves, comprises the Laitin gram- 
mar, divided into Orthographia, Etymologia, Diasyntactica, et Prosodia. 
The second part contains the Dictionary, which begins with the word 
alma, and finishes with Zpzimus. Diet. Hist, torn. II, art. Balbi ; 
Santander, torn. II. pp. 139, 140; Beloe's Anecdotes of Literature, vol. 
IV. p. 396. A copy of the Catholicon, oa vellum, produced, at Gai- 
gnat's sale (No. 1405), 1222 livres ; another, at La Valliere's (No. 
2199), sold for 2001 livres ; one, in the same collection, on paper, for 
975 livres, 9 sous; the Crevenna copy (No. 3094), for 700 Dutch 
florins. There are several copies of this edition in England, in his 
Majesty's library, tlie British Museum (Mr. Cracherode's), in Earl 
Spencer's library, see Bib. Spenc. vol. iii. pp. 32 — 38. The late Bi- 
shop of Ely, also, had a copy. 

9. Tliomas Aquinas. — Summa de Articulis Fidei et EcclesuB Sacra- 
mentis (Mogwitiee typis Joh. Gutenberg, circa 1460, 4to.^ 

A work of rarity : it consists of 12 leaves, with 36 long lines in 
each entire page ; but without printer's name, date, place, catch- 
word, signatures, &c. As the characters ai-e exactly the same as 
those used for the Ca,tholicon of 1460, which is admitted to be Gu- 
tenberg's, Santander and Fischer both ascribe it to him. Mr. Dib- 
din, however, after Seemiller, assigns its date to 1470. See San- 
tander, torn. ii. p. 77 ; Bib. Spenc. vol. iii. pp. 153, 154. 

Beside the preceding, which are, on good evidence, ascribed to 
Gutenberg, the two following have been attributed to him by some 
bibliographers, and are therefore here noticed. 

i, Statuta Provincialia antiqua et noua Moguntina. Antiqua Petri 
ab anno 1310 ; Nova Theodorici, ab anno 1451, 4to. sine anno et 
loco. 

This little tract, consisting of 13 leaves, is of extreme rarity : 
and bibliographers are by no means agreed by whom it was printed. 
It is not reckoned by Fischer' among the legitimate productions of 
Gutenberg's press : but from the similarity of its characters to those 
of Gutenberg's types, it is highly probable that, if not executed by 
him, it was printed very early, by Fust and Schoift'er, from Gutenberg's 
types. Such is the conjecture of Meerman and Lichtenberger j but 
neither Seemiller nor Daunou have affixed any precise date to this 
work. See Meerman's Orig. Typ. vol. i. p; 139, note y ; Seemiller, 
Incun. Typog. fascic. II. p. 172 j Lichtenberger, p. 46 ; Daunou, 
p. 21. 

2. Speculum Sacerdotis Hermani de Saldis, Mogunti<B, 4to. 

This extremely rare volume, which was first noticed by Fischer, is 
printed jn long lines, without figures, signatures, or catch-words. 
Fischer is of opinion, that it was executed by Gutenberg ; but San- 
tander thinks it issued fromSchoiffer's press, observing that, among 
«ther points of resemblance, the form of the capital letter V is pecu- 
liar to Schoiffer's characters. Be this as it may, the book, which 
consists of only 16 leaves, is of great antiquity, and apparently prior 
to the year 1470, 

d g 



Jii APPENDIX. 

2. Works executed bi/ Fust and Schoiffer, 

(1456—1466.) 

1. Psalmorum Codex, Latine. Moguntia;, 1457, folio. 

This precious work, as Santjuider justly calls it; is one of the most 
known, among early printed books, from the various and correct de- 
scriptions, of it which have been given by different biblio«;raphers. 
Until the discovery of Pope Nicholas's Literte Indulgentiaimmj this 
was supposed to be tlie very first article ever printed with a date 
affixed : the book is executed on vellum, and of such extreme rarity, 
that not more than six or seven copies are known to be in existence: 
all' of which, however, differ from each other in some respect or 
other. TfliQ ijiost p/jrfect copy known is that in the imperial library 
of Vienna: it ' comprises 175 leaves^ of which the psalter occijples' 
the 13.5 first, and the recto of the 136th. The remainder is appro- 
priated to thelitany, prayers, responses, vigils, ,<S^c. The psalms are 
executed in larger characters than the hymns, similar to those used 
for missals prior to the invention of printing ; but all are distinguished 
for their uncommon blackness. The capital letters, 288 in nurnber, 
are cui on wood, with a degree of delicacy and boldness which are 
truly surprising: the largest of these, the initial letters of the psalms 
which' are black, red, and blue, must (as Lichtenberger has a"e- 
marked) have passed three times through the press. A fae-simile of 
the first letter of this noble Psalter is given supra, p. 251. It is also 
given with a few sentences of the first psalm, in Bib. Sper,c. vol. 1. p. 
107, coloured exactly after the original. As it is scarcely possible 
that this ch^''rd'ceuwe of the typographical, art could be eixeouted 
within eighteen months after the dissolution of partnership between 
Gutenberg and Fust, Fournier and Meeirman conjecture (on what 
ground it does not appear) that it was begun during its continuance, 
though finished by Fust and Schoiffer, who do not venture to assert 
themselves to have been inventors of the art. See Mem. de I'Acad. 
des Ihscr. torn. xvii. p. 772; Origines Typogr. tom.i. p. 153 ; Hei- 
necken's Id^e, pp.252 — 272, which contains a fac-simi!e of the first 
letter of the first psalm, together with the colophon reduced. ;Sanr 
tander, Diet. Chpisi, vol. ill, pp. 300—302 ; Lichtenberger, liiitia Ty- 
pographica, pp. 33 — 36 ; Bibl. Spenc. vol. i. pp. 107^ — 117; and the 
Athenxiim, vol. ii. pp. 376 — 384, 490 — 500 ; which contains a copious 
memoir on the first printed psalters by Mr. Dibdin, with a copy of 
the ornaments executed for his Majesty's copy. 

Another edition of this Psalter was printed in 1459, folio, by the 
same printers; which varies in many respects from the preceding. 
Though executed with the same types and capital letters, the JLiIesve 
longer in this second edition, and 23 in a page ; whereas the first 
edition only contains 20 lines in a page. According to Heinecken, 
who is followed by Lichtenberger and others, a complete copy con- 
tains 1^3 leaves ; but Wurdtwein, who appears to have examined it 
with BV>re ininuteness, states it to consist of only 136. Mr. Dibdin 
conjectiifes the; difference to. have been caused by the figures (jeing 
transposed by Heinecken's printer. This edition, also, is on vellum, 
and exceedingly rare. Copies are in the libraries of his' Majesty and. 
of Earl Spencer. See the authorities above referred to. A copy of 
this edition, at Mr. Willett's sale, produced 631. 



NOTICES, ETC. . OF EMINENT PRINTERS. liii 

Si. Gulielmi Durandi Rationale Divinorum Officiorum, Moguntisfe, 1459, 
folio. 

, The first edition, and of extreme rarity : it consists of 363 leaves ; 
which are printed, in two columns of 63 lines each in the entire pages, 
and destitute of signatures, numerals. and catch-words, &c. Five 
capital letters occur in it, in the same style of execution as the Psalter 
above described. SeeLichtenberger, p. 36; Santander, torn. iii. pp. 
385, 386,;. Brunei, Manuel, torn. ii. p. 376. Copies are in the libraries 
at Blenheinij, of Earl Spencer (See Bib. Spettc. vol. iii. p. 302 — 304), 
and the Bodleian at Oxford. Mr. Willett's copy produced 27!. 6s. : it 
was imperfect. 

3. Bulla crudata sanctissimi Domini nostri Pape contra Turchos, folio, 
sine anno, loco, et typographi indicatione. 

The bull in question was issued against the Turks b,y"Pop| Pius II. 
bettei- known by.his'firstnameof iEneas Silyi'us. It consists of only six 
printed leaves, and is the more rare, as it lias only been preserved by 
chance, being bound up with other pieces. From the close resem- 
blance which its types bear to those of Durand's Rationale, there is 
every reason to believe it was, executed by Fust and Schoiner. Bib- 
liographers accordingly are agreed in ascribing it to them.- '• > 

4. Ctementis V. Constitutiones.—^lticip'mnt Constitutiones dementis 
pp. v. una cum apparatu d5i Jo. Andree, &c. Mogunlice, Joh. 
Fust et Petrus Schoiffer de Gernsheim, 1460, fol. 

The first edition, of extreme rarity, and very dear. The text is 
printed in larger characters than the commentary : the subscription 
which is placed on the 48th leaf, verso, is followed by another leaf, 
containing, Constitutio execrabitis Johannis Pape XXII. ; after the 
subscription, some copies have the rule.of St. Francis. Brunet, torn. 
i. p. 274; Santander, t. ii. pp. 354, 355; Lichtenberger, p. 37, and 
the authorities there cited. Two copies of this edition are at Blen- 
heim, one on vellum : Lord Spencer also has a copy on Vellilm, Bib. 
Spenc. vol. iii. pp. 287, 288. 

5. Biblia sacra Latina. Mogunfia, Joh, Fust et Petrus Schoiffer de 

Gerjisftefm, 1462,. 2 vols. fol. 

The first edition of the Latin Bible, with a date, and, like all the 
other early -typographical productions, of extreme rarity and equal 
value. Vol. I. contains 242 leaves j Vol. II. 239 leaves. The sub- 
scription is in red ; but, in some copies, is differently expressed, as 
Brunet, Lichtenberger, and Santander have remarked : this is ac- 
counted for> from the first printers being accustomed to introduce 
corrections and alterations, after they had struck off a few copies. 
Brunet, torn, i; p. 123; Santander, vol. ii. pp. ISl— 183; Lichten- 
berger, pp. 39, 40; Wurdtwein, Biblioth. Mogunt. p. 73; Beloe's 
Anecd. of Lit. vol. iii. p. 29 ; who observes, that copies of this 
Bible, on paper, are more rare, perhaps, than those on vellum; of 
which last, more, probably, were printed, that they might have the 
greater resemblance to MSS. Copies, on vellum, are in the Blenheim 
library; in ttatof Lord Spencer (see Bib. Spenc. vol. i. pp. 11—13); 
the,Earlof JerseyraiwtSir M.M. Sykes ; in the British Museum ; and 
4»the first volume «f the Bodleian library, (Notit. Edit. sac. xv, m 



Uv APPENDIX, 

Bib, Bsd. p. 3,^ Copies on paper are in the library of his .Majesty, 
and in the Bodleian library ; another copy was bought by Mr, 
Payne for.lOSZ. at Mr. Willett's sale. It was the facility with whi,ch 
Fust supplied their Bibles for sale at Paris, that caused him to 
be apprehended as a necromancer, and gave rise to the well-known 
traditionary tale of the Devil and Dr. Faustus. In 1462, Mentz was 
taken by storm, by Adolphus Count of Nassau : in the confusion that 
necessarily followed, Fust and Schoiffer were obliged to suspend their 
typographical labours. This circumstance will account for no books 
having yet been found which were printed in 1463 and 1464. In 
1465, however, appeared 

, 6. Bonifucii PapcB VIII. Liber sextus decretalium Moguntia, 1465, 
fol, 

Edifio princeps, extremely rare : it should seem that there were two 
editions of this work printed in the same year ; or if not two distinct 
impressions, there are two varying impressions. They are both in 
Lord Spencer's splendid collection, and the differences are pointed 
out by Mr. Dibdin, Bibl. Speiw. vol. iii. pp. 197—199 : see, also, 
Lichtenberger, pp. 40, 41 ; Santander, vol. ii. pp. 256—258. This 
work was reprinted by Schoiffer alone, in 1470, with the apparatus of 
Johannes Andreas, bisiiop of Aleria ; and again, in 1473 and 1474, 
with the same bishop's gloss upon the . decretals. They are all 
valuable. 

T, Marci Tullii Ciceronis Officia, Paradoxa, et FersMs xii sapkntum, 
lies, small folio. 

The first edition, and exceedingly rare, particularly the copies on 
vellum. All the copies, however, do not agree : on the last leaf, after 
Horace's Ode, Jiiffugere nives, &c. some copies have the printer's 
device struck off in red ; while, in others, their device does not ap- 
pear. A copy of this work is in the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow ; 
and in the Bodleian library. 

In the following year. Fust and Schoiffer printed another edition of 
the same work, in small folio, also, and copied from the preceding 
edition. See Bibl. Spenc. vol. i. pp. 304, 305 ; Santander, vol. ii. pp. 
324—326. 

8, S. Aurelii Augnstini de Arte prcsdicandi Tractatus, folio, sine anno 
et loco. 

This very rare tract forms the 4th book of Augustine's Treatise de 
Doctrin^ Christian^ : it consists of only 2S leaves, with 40 lines in a 
page. A passage in the advertisement to this book states it to have 
been printed by John Fust j and as his name does not appear in any 
edition subsequent to 1466, in which year he died at Paris, Santander 
concludes that this tract was printed about that time. Diet. Choisi, 
vol. i. p. 116, vol. ii. pp. 121, 122. 

9. GrammaticcB Methodus RhitmicUf folio, sine anno et loco. 

This small tract, consisting of 11 leaves only, is of extreme rarity; 
not more than two or three copies are known to exist. At the sale of 
M. Lomenie-Brienne, a copy was bought for the royal library at Paris, 
for 3,930 livres. The four foUoviring verses, at the end, indicate both 
the date and place where it was printed. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. h 

Actis terdeni jubilaminis octo bis annis. 
Moguncia reni me condit s imprimit amnis. 
Hinc nazareni sonet oda p orci iohannis. 
Naq^ sereni luminis est scaturigo pennis. 

Santander explains these verses, and shews from them, that the 
^printer was John Fust : and as the types resemble those used for the 
Cicero, in 1465 and 1466, he thinks this grammatical tract was exe- 
cuted about 1466. (Vol. ii. pp. 455, 456^) 

10. JElius Donalus de octo Partibus Oratiimis, sine anno el loco, 4to. . 

Considerable uncertainty exists relative to the printer by whom 
this tract of 12 leaves was printed : neither Santander nor Brunei 
have stated where it is deposited: both say that its gothic characters 
resemble, the Bible of 1462, and the Cicere de Offieiis of 1465. We 
therefore pj^ace it last in the present notice of Fust and Schoiffer's- 
joint productions. 

3. Works executed by Schoiffer alone. 
(1466— 1'503.)' 

The works executed by Schoiffer, during the period of thirty- 
Ave or thirty-six years that he printed alone, after the death of Fust, 
are very numerous. As the most curious of the early printed books 
are unquestionably those which approach nearest to the time wheit 
the art was first exercised, we shall notice only the principal of 
Schoiffer's productions. 

1. Thomas Aquinas. Secunda Secundae, Moguntiac, 1467, folio. 

The second part of the Snmma Theologiae : the Yirst part was 
printed in 1460, see p. li,No. 9, supra. It is exceedingly rare, and is 
printed in two columns of 59 lines each, without any numbers to the 
pages, signatures, or catch-words. Copies of it are in the Bodleian 
library, in the Hunterian Museum, and Lord Spencer's library 
(Bib. Spenc. vol. iii. pp. 154, 155.) Several copies of this work are 
extant on vellum. In 1471, Schoiffer printed the first part of this 
work, under the quaint title of Prima Pars Secundae Partis, in 
folio. It consists of 172 leaves, according to Panzer. Copies are in 
the possession of Earl Spencer, and the Hunterian Museum. 

2. Clementis V. Constitutiones, etc. fol. 1467. 

A second edition of the work above noticed (p. liii. No. 4) : it is 
equally rare. The edition of 1467 was reprinted by Schoiffer in 
1471, and again in 1490 ; but copies of this last edition are not in 
request. 

3. - Justiniani Institutiomim Libri IV. cnm Glosis, 1468. fol. 

Editio princeps. This very rare volume contains 103 leaves, each 
page of which is printed in two columns ; and the text is surrounded, 
by the glosses upon it. The characters of the te*t resemble those of 
the Bible of 1462 ; those of the gloss, the characters of Dnrand's 
Rationale, 1459. At the end of the subscription are 24 verses, re- 
lative to the invention of printing, which are copied and ex])lained 
by Schwartz (De Orig. Typog. pp. 3, 19, et seq. whence Lichten^ 



Ivi APPENDIX. 

ber£!er lias made an cxti-act, Init. Typ. p. 43) and by Wurdtwein, 
Biil. Mogmit. p. 91 et seq. See also Sanfander, Diet. Choisi, torn, 
iii. pp. 60, 61. Co'pies of this edition are peculiarly rare and costly. 
SchoiflFer reprinted Justinian's Institutes iil 1472, and again in 1476 : 
see Bik Spene. vol. iii. pp. 399-^-403, where the a))Ove-raentioned 
verses are alpo giyeji. . , . 

4. Ri'gulce Grammatices,' versibu? Latinis expositse, cum Concof- 
dantiis ex Prisciano desumptis. Moguntw. fol. ■ 

•Such is the title given, in the Gaignat catalogue (No. 1398), to this 
very rare and beautifully printed book ; which is diyided into two 
parts. The first, which contains the text on 17 leaves, is printed in 
long lines, and concludes with a subscription of 12 verses (which 
arecopied, by, Santander,), indicating, in a grammatical manner, the 
place whe^e..^nd, time wheji.it was printed.. .The second part com- 
prises the commentary, in 26 leavesj printed in double columns.. 
The type W the text Of Part I. Mr. Dibdift observes, ex&ctly re- 
sembles that of the Bible of 1462 ;• while the type of,.th€ second 
part is like the decretals of Pope Gregory, printed- in 1^8. The 
margins of the first part are, filled with references and explanations, 
in amuch smaller type, similar to that of the Cicero's Offices of 1465-6. 
Bib.' Spenc. vol. iii.' pp. 69, 70 ; Santander, 'vol. ii. p. 456 ; Brunet, 
vol. ii. p. 384. ^ - 

5. Sancti Hieronymi Epistola. Moguntite, 1470. 2 vols. fol. 

This splendid work is executed with the same types as the beau- 
tiful Bible of 1462 : the volumes are of the largest sizei and the 
ink and press-work exceedingly. fine. There: is a copy in' the' Bod- 
leian library. Copies on vellum are very rare : an imperfect one 
sold, Gaignat, for 380 livres, Valliere, 400 livres ; a perfect one, 
Soubise, 1000 livres. '■' 

6. Johannis Marchesini Mammetractus, Moguntits, 1470. fol. 

The first edition of a work, which was printed more than twenty 
times in the 15th century : though printed anonymously, it is known 
to have been written by Johannes Marchesinus,- of the order of 
Friars Minors, for the useof the less instructed in his own profession. 
The Mammetractus is an explanation of the words occurring in the 
Bible, ecclesiastical hymns, homilies, and legends of the saints, to- 
gether with a summary of Hebrew antiquities, &c. &c. A copy of 
this work is in the Hunterian Museum : Santander, vol. ii. p. 144 ; 
Lichtenberger, p. 44. 

7. }{alerii Maximi de Dictis Factisque memorabilibus veterum, lib. 

iv. Mognntim, 1471. folio. 

The first edition of this work, with a date : though its priority is 
disputed by the Venice edition of Vindelin de Spira, which .was 
printed in the same year. It is in gothic characters, and contains 
198 leaves. Copies of this edition are in the Bodleian library ; in 
that of Earl Spfencer (see Bib. Spenc. vol. ii, pp. 450^JJ4S2) ; and. 
in the Hunterian Museum. i 

8. BiJ)lia Latirm. Moguwtice, 1472, 2 vols, folio; 

An edition of equal rarity with that of 1462(p.liiiisM/)ro)/of which 



NOTICES, ETC, OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ivii 

it is an exact reprint, page for page and line for line, but with different 
types. Tlie erratum in former editions, of auHbus for naribus, Isa. 
c. 37, V. 29, is corrected in the present edition. Copies of it are iir 
the Hunterian Museum, and in the libraries of the Duke of Devonshire, 
Earl Spencer, and Sir M. M. Sykes. See Bib. Spenc. vol. i. pp. 22 — 24 ; 
Lichtenberger, p. 44 ; Santander, t. ii. pp. 189, 190 ; Brunet, t. 1. 
p. 123. 

9. Justiniani Codex^ Nomis, mm Glossis. MoguntitE, 1475. 

Editio princeps, in Gothic characters, containing 323 leaves. Brunet 
remarks, that some bibliographers have erroneously described this vo- 
lume under the title of the Institutiones (Manuel, 1. 1. p. 609). See als» 
Bib. Spenc. vol. iii. pp. 404, 405. 

10. Herbai'ms, cum Herbarum Fi^ris. MogurUite, 1484, 4to. 

A rare edition, containing, beside fo^jr preliminary leaves, 150 leaves;, 
numbei-ed, which are followed by a part which is not numbered, and 
contains 96 chapters. Though no printer's name appears, the device 
or arms of SchoifFer shew it to have been executed by him. ' A copy 
of it is in the Hunterian Museum. . In 1485, Schoiffer printed a folio 
edition, which also has his shields, printed in red, and a subscription 
at the end, announcing the day of the month and year when it wa& 
printed. 

11. Psalterium, Latine. Moguntiee, 1490. 

The third edition of the Mentz Psalter, which is more rare than 
either of the preceding editions of 1457 and 1459. It is printed ac- 
cording to M. de Bure, letter for letter and line for line, like the first 
of 1457 ; but it has tliis peculiarity, that the full chant is printed, not 
written, like that of the preceding editions. Its rarity is so great, 
that De Bure- could not discover a single copy in Paris, and Hejuecken 
knew only of one which was in the Eisenach library, and which 
Santander thinks was that described in the Act. Erud. Lips. An. 1740, 
p. 356 ; which notice he has transcribed. Blany of the large capital 
letters of this edition, which differ somewhat from the preceding, in 
having green-coloured ornaments, were employed by Fust and Schoiffer 
in the Duraridus of 1459. Accordingto Heinecken, the smaller letters 
are apparently much worn. Idie d'Estampes, p. 274 ; Athenaeten, vol. 
ii. p. 498 ; Bib. Spenc. vol. i. pp. 120, 121. 

Both Brunet (torn. ii. p. 351) and Mr. Dibdin (Athen. vol. ii. p. 499, 
note), mention another edition of the Psalms by Schoiffer, which 
seems to have escaped every other bibliographer, on the authority 
of Mr. Edwards's catalogue of 1796, No. 2. It is thus announced : 
' Psalmonori Codex, Edit. Antiq. Mogunt. per Sclioiffer.' There is no 
account, says. Mr. E. of this scarce edition by any bibliographer: it 
corresponds, page fm- page, with the edition of 1459, and ends with 
the Canticum Ysaie ; but the next page of the leaf is completely blank. 
It js executed with the large missal type employed in the Psalter of 
1459, and the rubrics of the Psalms, words of the Chant, &c. are of 
the smaller missal type, used for the Psalter of 1457 ; so that it is a 
specimen of the two first types, to which the inventors of printing have 
affixed a '.positive date. It contains 158 leaves, in the highest pre> 
servation : it is printed on vellum, and bound in blue morocco. 40i. 

Schoiffer terminated his typographical career by a fourth edition of 
the .Psalter, in 1502, folio. It contains 157 leaves, and is printed-in 



Iviii APPENDIX. 

red and black, with characters resembling those of the Psalter of 145?'. 
It is equally rare. See Santander, vol. iii. p. 304 ; Brunet, torn. ii. 
p. 351. In 1502, or the following year, Schoiffer died, leaving three 
sons, printers, the elder of whom succeeded to his father's business^. 
and exercised his art till 1533. Lichtenberger, p. 45. 



II.— BRIEF NOTICE OF NICHOLAS^ JENSON. 

CRqferred to, p. 228.^ 

Nicholas Jenson, an eminent printer at Venice, was a native of 
France, and engraver in the Mint, at Tours, about the middle of the 
15th century. On the authority of an antient MS. M. de Boze in- 
forms us, that Louis XI. a lover of literature and the arts, who then 
held his court at Tours, sent him to Mayence to learn the art of print- 
ing, about the year 1462. (Mem. de I'Acad. des Inscr. tom. xiv. p. 236.) 
It is not known when he returned to France ; but as that country was 
involved in civil dissensions, Louis was obliged to relinquish his plan of 
introducing the art of printing into his kingdom, and Jenson withdrew 
to Venice, where he established his printing-office in the year 1470. 
The art of printing is greatly indebted to Jenson for some of its most 
essential improvements : it was he who planned and reduced to its 
present proportions the characters termed Roman ; and the produc- 
tions of his press are deservedly reckoned among the chef d'ceuvres of 
the typographic art, to which he may be considered as having given 
the finishing stroke. His best editions were corrected by Omnibonus 
Leonicenus ; and Pope Sixtus IV. conferred upon him the honourable 
title of Comes Palatimis. (Laire, Typog. Romana, p. 42 ; Santander, 
vol. i. p. 180 ; Diet. Hist. vol. vi. p. 315.) Jenson printed at Venice 
from 1470 to 1480 : it is not known when he died, but the number of 
works executed by him is very considerable. A very few only can 
be mentioned, the typographical execution of which has commanded 
the unqualified commendation of bibliographers. 

Ciceronis EpistoliB ad Atticum, Brutum, el ad Quintum Fratrem, 1470, 
folio. 
This is considered by Mr. Dibdin as the first production of Jenson'» 
press : the uncommon beauty of its execution has been a constant 
theme of admiration among bibliographers. A splendid copy is in 
Lord Spencer's collection. See Bib. Spenc, vol. i. pp. 343, 344. 

Joharmis Baptistte Gaami, Veronensis Regulae Grammaticales,1470, 4to. 
One of the earliest productions of Jenson's press : Santander thinks- 
it his first typographical attempt. Diet. Choisi, vol. ii. p. 472. 

, Eusebii Pfteparatio Evangelica, 1470, folio. 

Editio Pritieeps, exceedingly rare : the press-work is most beautiful, 
Santander, vol. ii. pp. 397, 398 ; Brunet, tom. i. p. 403, who mentions 
his having seen one copy on veUum. 

Justini Historici in Trogi Pompeii historias libri.xliv. 1470, folio. 

Editio Princes, ec^ually rare and beautiful as the preceding. A 
fine copy, on vellum, is in his Majesty's library. Copies on paper are 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. liJr^ 

ia th^ Bodleian library, and in that of Lord Spencer. (Bib. Sfoc. 
vol. ii. pp. 109,110). 

Ciceronis Rhetoricomm, lib. iv. et de inventione, lib. ii. 1470, folio. 

Editio Princeps. See Dibdin's Intr. to Class, vol. i. p. S66 ; Bibl. 
Spenc. vol. i. p. 349 ; Santander, vol. ii. p. 386. In the Bodleian 
library. In 1470, Jenson printed an edition, equally beautiful vfith the 
preceding, of Cicero's Epistolie ad Atticum, 4to. The Epistola ad Fa- 
miliares, followed in 1471 and 1475 ; and the Tnsculanse Queestiones in 
1472, 4to. 

Julii CiESaris Commentarii, 1471, folio. 

The second edition of Cssar : copies of it are in the Bodleian li- 
brary, and also in Lord Spencer's. SeeDibdin's Class, vol. 1. p. 223 ; 
Bib. Spenc. vol. i. pp. 289, 290. 

Suetonius de Vitis 12 Ccesarum, 1471, 4to. 

The second edition of Suetonius : the Greek passages are not print- 
ed. Santander, vol. iii. p. 372 ; Bib. Spenc, vol. ii. pp. 384, 385 ; Dibd- 
Class. vol. ii. pp. 238, 239. 

Quintiliani Institutiones Oratotite, 1471, folio. 

The third edition of Quintilian : blanks are left in it for subsequent 
insertion of the Greek quotations. See Santander, vol. iii. pp. 309, 310 ; 
Lichtenberger, p. 159 j Bib. Spenc. vol. ii. pp. 309—311 ; Dibd. 
Class, vol. ii. pp. 1S4, 185. 

TorteUius de Orthographia Dictionum e Grtecis Tractarum, 1471, folio. 

Editio Princeps : the Greek passages are printed. A singularly fine 
Copy is in Lord Spencer's library. Bib. Spenc. vol. iii. p. 124. 

Cornelius Nepos, 1471, folio. 

Editio Princeps. Concerning its critical merits, see Dibd. Class, 
vol. ii. pp. 91, 92; and for its typographical rarity, Bib. Spenc. vol. ii. 
pp. 182, 183 ; Santander, vol. ii. pp. 346, 347. 

In the same year Jenson also printed the four following works, all in 

Italian: 1. Luctus Christianorum ex passione Christi, meditations on 

the passion of our Saviour, small 4to. — 2. Palma Virtwtum, the triumph 
of virtue, 4to. — 3. Gloria Mulieram, ito; no date, but evidently print 
ed with the same type as the preceding and following article.— 4. De- 
cor Puellamm, 4to. This last article has excited a considerable 
controversy among bibliographers. The title bears the date of 1461, 
the genuineness of which is strenuously advocated by some, while 
others have with equal earnestness laboured to overthrow it. It is 
now fully understood to have been misdated, by dropping an X : in 
fact as Jenson was not sent to Mentz to learn the art of printing til! 
1462 it was morally impossible that he could have printed the Decor 
PueUamm at Venice in 1461. The date of >t461, therefore, must evi- 
dentlv be an error for 1471 . See a concise account of this controversy in 
Lichtenberger-sInitiaTypog. pp. 170,171; and for an account of *e 
books consult Santander, vols. ii. and iii. under the dilierent articles. To 
Jenson we also are indebted for splendid editions of the following classic- 
authors:— Diog-ene* JLaertiiM,Latine, 1475, folio ; MaeroWiu, 1472, folio, 
tiitio princeps i Plinii Histma NatwalU, 1472 & 1476 (Italian version), 



ix APPENDIX. 

folio ; Plutarchi Vita, 147'8, folio, and Scriptores Rei Rusfica, 1472, 
folio, Editio princeps, a work of equal rarity and beauty. On these 
■worksTespeetively,the student may advantageously consult Santander, 
vols. ji. and iii. ; and Brunet, vols. i,. and ii. under the different 
articles. 



III.— NOTICE OF ANTONY KOBURGER. 

(Referred to, p. S2S.) 

. Antony lioburger, or Coburger, vpas one of the most celebrated 
printers of the 15th century: his' office vpas at Nnreitiberg^ where he 
died in 1613. The literati of his time styled him the prince qf book- 
sellers and printers ; he is said to have employed daily tvfenty-fonr 
presses and 100 men, besides furnishing work to the printers of Basle, 
Lyons, and other places. Koburger had warehouses at ' Nuremberg, 
Paris, and Lyon. Almost all his booksare distinguished for^the Instre 
and Magnificence of their eSecutliort.>'T'he5> relate, ttoWever, chiefly 
to the canon law and to theol6gy T df thirty-seven editions printed by 
him, thirteen alone are of the' bible, viz. twelve in LMin," and one in 
German. The Latin bibles appeared in folioj Sflccessivel^y;' in 1475, 
1477, 1478 (2 editions) ; 1479, 1480, and 14-81', with' the Jostils of 
Nicholas de Lyra, in 3 vols, elegantly printed ; without the postils in 
148g.;. again, with them, in 4 vols, in the years 1485, 1487, 1493, and 
1497; without Lyra, in 1502. But" Koburger's ch^-d'ceuvre is his 
edition of the German bible, 1483, folio. This is said, by De Murr, to 
be the first German bible printed at Nuremberg ; and is pronounced 
by Lichtenberger to be the most splendid of all the antient German 
bibles. , It is embellished with impressions from the very carious wood' 
cuts which had been previously used for the Cologhe edition of the 
bible, printed by Quentel in 1480, and which vvere also employed in 
the bible printed at Halberstadt, in the low Saxon dialect, in 1522. 
The paper, characters, press-work — every thing belonging to this bible 
of Koburger's, concur to prove it a masterpiece of typographical ex- 
cellence. A copy is in Lord Spencer's library. See Bib. Spenc. vol. 
i. p. 54 ; De Murr's Memorab. Bib. Pub. Norimb. Part I. pp. 356—358 ; 
Lichtenberger has given some . specimens of alterations and discre- 
pancies in this edition, which caused the closer and more faithful one 
of 1522 to be made. See his Inil. Typogr.,pi>. 200, 201. 



IV.— ALDINE EDITIONS. 

The productions of the Aldine press have long been held in 
the greatest esteem, on account of the beauty and correctness, 
of their execution. Three printers of this family are particu- 
larly distinguished. 

The first of these is Aldus Manutius, frequently called the elder 
Aldus. He was born about the yeai- 1447, at Bassiaao, a small town 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixi 

ia the .flachy jsf Sermonetta, in the vicinity of the Pomptine 
Marshes. From this place he afterwards assumed the swname of 
Bassianus, which he retained till the year 1500. when terelin- ■ 
quished it for that of Romanus, probably because he had studied', 
at Rogje* and had there passed the greater part of his youth. . The ' 
name of Pius, was granted to him by Alberto Pio, prince of Carpi, ' 
■\yhose tutor Aldus had been,and by whom he was highly esteemed, / 
It was the misfortune of Aldus, to fall into the hands of an ignorant 
pedagogue, whcwn he sooa quitted, and went to Rome, where he; 
studied for some years under the most emiflent professors. About 
the year 1488 he settled at Venice j with the view of establishing. a 
printing-office ; his first publication was CdOstantine Lascaris's 
Eroteraata, 1494-S. in 4to. From this time, his press was almost' 
constantlyat work : in 1506, indeed, he printed nothing, as he was' 
engaged that year in travelling, and in bepmiing the works wiiich 
appeared in 1S07. From 1494 to ISO 8, he .printed alone ; andJMs 
editions are generally dated J^ud Al'dum Manutium Romanvm, or 
Apud- Aldum Romanum, I dr, ma few instances, ex Alfi Romani 
Acddemia or Neacademid.i.ln 1501 he married the daughter of 
Andrea -.lurresanO d'Asola, with whom he printed some works ia 
partnership, , in 1508 and 1509. From isio.to 15r2,.he.-printed 
alone J and from .1513 tot his death in 1515, he.' printed again ia 
partnership with his. father-in-law Asbla.*; Otir concern with the 
Elder Aldus, is simply as an eminent typographer* : who, while he 
gave the most sedulous attentions to, his printing-office, carried on a 
very extensive correspondence with the literati of' Europe, explained 
the classics to a numerousauditoryj of .students, and also foutld time 
to compose varioH'S works, whicn. are .characterised -by profound 
learoing and extensive variety 4 and . to his.i genius andi efforts .we 
are intfehted for .the various .inipiioyeraents in the typogr^hic art 
which have already been noticed (pp. 242 — ^2i4ra^ra).. "Itappears 
almost incredible how Aldas could' endure, such incessant <fetigue, 
and execute so many valuable.' works : he indeed- " .combined the 
lights of the scholar with the industry of the {nechanic ; and 
to his labours, carried on to the conclusion of a long-life, the 
world owes the editiones principes of twenty-eig ht Greek classics. 
Beside these,..there are few antient audibrs of any note, pf .whom he 

* ft ought not, howtcver, tp be forgotten, that, Aldus, coijspio'us Jthat his 
Single fabonrs were inadequate to the diffusion of literatttVe, assenibled 
around him a circle of the most learned men of the age, some of whom 
lived in his house, and were. entirely supported by him. " The re-uhion of 
these eminent scholars was by himself termed Aldi Neacademia ; the aca- 
demy was formed about the year 1500^ The members m,et, fdr a, fewr 
years only, at sraitd times, and, discussed varipus literary questions. 
lOuringj the short continuance of this literary society, (whiph , was broken, 
up by the death of its inembe.rs aiid other cirpumstanc^), it rendeted^^\p,^ 
most essential services tb the interests 'of literature.— ;See a list of its 
members and other particulars in Renouard's AnnaleS, torn. ii. pp. 22-^24. 



Ixii APPENDIX. 

did not publish editions of acknowledged accuracy, and (asfar as the 
means of the art, then in its infancy, permitted) of great beauty*." 

" While however Aldus was universally esteemed, and in the en- 
joyment of his well-earned reputation, he was not sheltered from 
the severity of criticism. Both in his own time, and also in later 
years, he has been charged with inaccuracy in the execution of his 
editions, and indulging too widely in conjectural emendations. 
But, in order to appreciate the meritof Aldus, we ought to consider 
the difficulties under which he must have laboured, at a time when 
there were few public libraries ; — when there was no regular com- 
munication between distant cities ; — when the price of MSS. put 
them out of the reach of persons of ordinary incomes ; — and when 
the existence of many, since discovered, was utterly unknown. 
The man who could surmount these obstacle's, and publish so 
many authors till then inedited ; — ^who could find means and time 
to give new and more accuiate editions of so many others already 
published, and accompany them all with prefaces, mostly of his 
own composition ; — who could, extend his attention still farther, 
and by his labours secure the fame, by immortalizing the compo- 
sitions of the most distinguished scholars of his own age and 
country; — must have been endowed in a very high.degreej not only 
with industry and perseverance, but also with judgment^ learning, 
and discriminationf i" M. Renouard has given a lively portrait of 
the studies and literary labours of the Elder Aldus, which the 
reader will consultj. We only remark in concluding this notice 
of his life, that the learned have always held his editions in the 
highest estimation; which are frequently collated for modem edi- 
tions of the classics as representing antient MSS. and all are de- 
servedly admired for the beauty of the paper, amplitude of mar- 
gins, excellence of the characters, and mechanical execution of the 
press-work. 

On the death of the Elder Aldus, Andrea d'Asola his father-in- 
law conducted his printing concerns with great ability (aided by 
his two sons Francesco and Federico),' during the minority of 
Aldus's children, from 1S16 to 1529 : and on the decease of Asola 
in that year, the prinung-ofBce continued closed till 1533, when the 
sons of Aldus and Asola re-opened it, in partnership ; their works 
are dated in adibus haredum Aldi Manutii Rsmani et Andrea Asolani 
Soceri. The direction was confided to 

2. Paul Manutitis, the third son of the Elder Aldus, who was 
bom in 1512, and was in no respect inferior to his father in learn- 
ing and typographical skill. The productions of this firm were 
very numerous till 1536, when misunderstandings arose which ter- 
minated in a dissolution of the partnership in 1540, from which 
time Paul Manutius conducted the printing alone for himself and 

* Eustace's Tour in Italy, vol. i. p. 67. 

t Ibid. 

X Annales des Alde<^ torn. ii. pp. 33— 40, 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS, l^iii 
his brothers. The works executed after 1540, are usuallv ,„f,- 




Vatfcan n,Tn S-'° *^T^' '° ^'^'■^ *^ printing-office of the 
Vatican. During his residence at Rome, the pressis he had left /t 

SonloT: M°''"-'^' ' though .his two brothers, Manmio and 
Antonio de Manutii, by no means cordiaUy co-opera ed with his L^ 

latter, having been a second time banished from Venice, erected bv 
Paul's assistance a print ng-office at Bologna, widi the E^ll 
vice, whence a few works issued in the yelrs 1556 and I5sf Paul 
Manutius died at Rome in 1S94, leaving one daughter (who was 
mamedW one son, whose labours weire next tfSe Non 

S Matfus fofJ?-'"'^ *^^''"' °^ '^'' typographical concern? 
i-auj Manutius found leisure to compose numerous works, oarti 
cularly valuable commentaries on dcero, and four tSes on 
Roman antiquities; all of which are distinguished for Sp^t" 
andelegance of their style, which was exprlssly formed^tfr X^ 

Jong3hVed°." ^""'"^ •*' '""'^^"'^y aniatteUely stS a1 
\- ^Idus the Younger, son of Paulus Manutius,' was bom in 1547 
and did not disgrace the illustrious nameof Manutius; in^s youth'. 
™!? W 7"^ P'o-Pismg talents, which were subsequently im- 
proved by study ; but It appears that he cultivated literary pursuits 
r'J'hT t^\$f f" °^ P""*^°S- He was professor ofTloq™ 

i^H^Kr?i'"^^'"';'=^'')?'^^?^'=^' S°l°g°«' Pisa. andS! 
and pubhshed several works, some of wlSch are exceUen^ He 
was, howeyer, well skilled in the typographic art, and executed 
many valuable works. On the death ofPope Sixtus V. in 1590 
Clement -m\. ascended the papal throne, W conferred on oS 
Aldus the direction of the Vatican printing.office : though he had 
lett Venice m 1585, his presses continued to work, unto the di 
rection of ISTiGolao Manassi and other able superintendents*, until 
his death in 1597. With him terminated a fanSly, who ha^e jS 
been termed the. glory of hterature and of typography; anS 
whose reputation wiU continue so long as one single folumi exists, 
of the numerous and excellent works, which they printed durine 
the long period of a century. "luiug 

With regard to the choice of the Aldine editions, those executed 
Ijy tiie Elder Aldus are preferred by some collectors, to the ex. 
elusion ot all the, rest without exception : while others go as far as 
1 529. The majority of amateurs, however, independenUy of their 
Tery great esteem for almost all the editions of these thirty-six first 
years, seel^ with equaj avidity most of those printed by Paulus Ma- 
nutius until 1562. and confine their attentions to a few of the works" 
executed subsequently to tiiat period by him, by his son Aldus 

* M. Renouard SHspects, from the style of Manassi'S prefaces, that he 
was not a manager of the Aldine -priiiting-office, but became actual pro- 
prietor of it, on the departure of the Younger Aldus for Borne. 



Ixiv APPENDIX. 

Junior, and lastly by Nicolao Manassi, with the Aldine anchor and 
in the Aldine printing office, until 1597, when the Younger Aldus 
died. The preference of this latter class (M; Renouard observes) is 
the most' rational : for, though the earliest editions are more rare, 
and better executed in every respect than such as are more recent, 
and (being forrned after antient MSS.) in some degree represent 
such MSSi.as are now lost, yet; with regard to editions of the clas- 
sics, particularly the Latin classics, which were reprinted, by 
Paulus Manufivis,'after his father's editions, the editions of the lat- 
ter aie in almost every instance preferable to the. earlier impressions. 

The editions, latterly executed by Paulus Manutius and his. son 
Aldus Junior, are executed with far less beauty and correctness 
than the earlier productions of the Aldine press ; and frequently 
betray evident marks of negligence. At the period noW' referred 
to, the Aldine editions (like almost all . those printed- towards the 
close of the ISth century) consist chieiiy of mystical works and 
law-books ; so that, unless any one is touched with the mania for 
collecting e-very production of the Aldine presses, he will not have 
to procure many books printed during the last thirty years of their 
typograpliical career*. 

The list' annexed presents a 

CATALOGUE RAISONNE' 

.... OF THE EDITIONS , . • 

Executed by the Aldine Family. 

*^*" In this Giitulogue only those, editions are admitted, zckich are recogriiped 
to be genuine productions of fhe Aldine press. The letter V. designates those 
printed at Venice; R. the Roman 'Editions-; and B. the few xi)hich were 
printed at Bologna in 1556 ff?zfM55'7 by Antonio Manutio, and 30 j/eafs 
aftericards hy his Tiephexv, Aldo Manutio •f'. ' < ' 

TliEOLOGY. 

V. Without date. Aldi Specimen. Bibliov. editionis, hebr. gr. et lat. One^ 
page folio, (see p. 249, no(e, suj^ra.) ■ 

V. 1518. Sacrae Scripturae veteris, uovaeqiie omnia : graece. folio. 

V; Without date. Psalterium graecum. 4to. 

E. 1590. Biblia sacra patina, folio.— R. 159^ . Eadem. folio.-^R. 1593. 
Eaderii. 4to.-' ' . 

R. 1593. Psalterium lomanum. 8vo. 

V. 1529. Recognitio Veteris Testamenti, per Aug. Eugubinum (Steifr 
. chum.!) .4to. . , , 

R. 1564. Eucherii CommeiSfe in Genesim et libros Regum. folio. 

*, Renouardjtom. ii. pp. 45— 47. • . 

, \ Ibid,, Supplem. pp. 107 et seq. The list above-given is the most 
copiovis extant : fpr (ietails relative to the works themstel-ves, - Gonsiilt the 
Annates axiii Supplement.^ The principal editions of thei classics . are also 
described by various" bibliographers, particularly Mr. Dibdin. See his 
Introd. to the Classics, 2 Vols. 8vo. 3d edit. The editions of Andrea d'A- 
sola, : Bernard ;de Turresan, and R. Coulombel are omitted as being less 
interesting. . ;; .,,■., - • , 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. IxV 

V. 15.45. Ant. Flaminii in Psalmos Enarratio. 8vo. — V. 1564. Eadem : 

editio aactior. 8vo. 
V. 1559. Placidi Inteipretatio Psalmorum. ^to. 
R. 1565. Angelomi Annotat. in libros Regum. folio. 
R. 1561. Theodoreti in Ezechielem Comment, folio. 
R. 1562. Ejusdem in Danielem Comment. lolio. 
R. 1563. Ejusdem in Canticum canticorum Explanatio. folio. 
V. 1571. P. de Palacio Enarrationes in Evangel, sec. Matthaeum. jB* 

Bibl. Aldwa. 2 vol. 8vo. 
V- 1542. (Grimani) Comment, in Epist. Pauli ad Romanes, et ad Gala- 

tas. 4to. 
V. 1546. Folengi Comment, in Joannis Epist. &vo. 
v.. 1571. P. Canisii Authoritates sacrae Scripturae, etc. Ex Bibl. Al- 

dina, 3 vol. 4to. 
R. 1562. Reginaldi Poli de Concilio liber. 4to. 
R. 1562. Ejusdem Reformatio Angliae. 4to. 

R. 1564 . Cauones et Decreta Concilii Tridentini. folio. — R. 1564. Ea- 
dem. 4to. — R. 1564. Eadem. 8vo. — V. 1564. Eadem. 4to. V. 

1564. Eadem. 8vo.— 'R. 1564. Eadem, editio secunda. folio. — R. 

1564. Eadem. 8vo. — R. 1564. Eadem. Bvo. — V. 1564. Eadem. 

8vo. — R. 1564. Eadem, editio tertia. folio. — R. 1564. Eadem, 

8vo, — R. 1564. Eaden. 8vo. — ^V. 15t';5. Fadem. 8to. — V. 1565. 

Eadem. 8vo. — V. 1566. Eadem. 8vo. — V. 1567. Eadem. 8vo. — V. 

1568. Eadem. 8vo. — V. 1569. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 1574. Eadem. 

8to. — ^V. 1575. Eadem. 8vo. — The two last are doubtful editions. 
V. 1589. Eadem, cum Tndice libr. prohibitorum, Bvo, 
V. 1567. Orationes, Responsa, Literae ac Mandata ex actis Concilii Tri- 
dentini coUecta. 8vo. — V. 1569. Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1566. Constitutiones et Decreta Synodi Mcdiolanensis. 8vo. 
v. 1587. Constitutiones et Privilegia Patriarchatus et Cleri Veneti-' 

arum. 4to. 
V. 1571. V, Quintianus Patina de SS. Missae Sacramento. Ex. Bibl. AU 

dina. 4to. 
R. 1564. Brevlarium romanum. folio. 
R. 1568. Idem, folio. — R. 1568. Another edition, of the same date. 

folio. — R. 1568. Idem. 8vo.r-V. 1574. Missale romanum. Ex^ Bib- 

liotheca Aldina. 4to. 
V, 1573. Officium Hebdomadae sanctae, Hier. et Bern. Turrisani. 12mo. 

fig- 
V. 1497. Horae Beatae M. Virginis : graece. IGmo. 
V. without date. Eadem. 32mo. — ^V. 1505. Eadem : graece. S2mo. — V. 

1521. Eadem : gr. 32mo. — ^V. 1572. Officium Beatae M. Virginis. 

24mo.— V. 1581. Idem. 12mo.— V. 1587. Idem. 12mo, 45 figures. 
V. 1549. Acoluthia lectoris. 6r. 8vo. 
V. 1561. Liber precum. Ap.filios G. Fr. Tmresani, 8vo. 
V, 1556. Athenagora della Risurrettione de' Morti, tr. da G, Faleti. 4to. 
V. 1503. Origenis Homiliae. folio. 
V. 1515. Lactantius. 8vo.— V. 1535. Idem. 8vo, 
R. 1563. Caecilii Cypriani Opera, folio. 

V. 1553. Gregorii Nazanzeni Comment, in Hexaemeron : latine, 8vo. 
V. 1516. Ejusdem Orationes xvi : graece. 8vo. 

v. 1536. Ejusdem Orat. IX. — Greg. Nyssenilib. de Homine: graece. 8vo. 
V. 1569. Due Orationi di Gregorio Nazanz. trad, da Annib. Caro. 4to, 
R. 1563, Greg. Nysseni Condones a P. Galesinio lat. versae. 4to. 
R. 1562. Greg, Nysseni de"Vir^nitate liber, lat. versus. 4to. 
R. 1563. Ambrosii, Hieronymi & Augustini de Virginitate opuscula, 4to. 

e 



Ixvi APPENDI± 

K. 1562. S. Joannis Chrysostomi de Virginitate liber, 1st. versus. 4tO^ 

V. 1554. Giov. Crisostomo della Provldenza di Dio. 8vo. 

R. 1565. Hieronymi Epistolae. 3 vol. folio. — R. 1566. Eadem. 4 vol, 

8vo. 
R. 1564. Salvianus de Dei Judicio et Providentia. folio. 
V. 1554. Joannis Damasceui adv. iraaginum Oppugnatores Orationes t 

latine. 8vo. 
V. 1565. Clem. Dolera Compendium Institut. Tbeolog. 8vo. 
V. 1559. M. Ant. Natta, de Deo. folio. Some copies of this work are 

dated 15G0. 
V. 1570. Ejusdem libri editio altera, folio. 
V. 1558. M. Ant. Nattae de Dei Locutione Oratio. 4to. 
R. 1596. Oratio de Virtatibus D. N. Jesu Christi. 4to. 
V. 1563. Isotae Nogarolae Dialogus utrum Adam vel Eva magis pecca- 

vcrit. 4to. 
V. 1553. II sacro Regno del gran Patritio, etc. 8vo. 
V. 1551. U Genesi, THumanita di Christo, i Salmi. Opere di P. Areti- 

no. 4to. 
V. 1552. P. Aretino. Vite di Maria Verging, di S. Caterina, di S. Tom- 

maso d'Acqnino. 4to. 
B. 1557. J. Carrarii Discussiode vitio simoniae. 8vo. 
R. 1562. Marianus Victorius de Sacramento confessionis. 8vo. — R. 1566. 

Ejusdem libri editio altera. 8io. 
v. 1589. Nic. Vito di Gozze Discorsi della Penitenza. 8vo. 
V. 1562. L'Artdel Predicare, di Fra Luca Baglione. 8vo. 
R. 1566. Catechismus, ex Decreto Concilii Tridentini. folio. — R. 1566. 

Idem Catechismus. 8vo.— R. 1566. 4to. — R. 1567. 8vo. — R. 

1569. 8vo.— R. 1573. 8vo.— V. 1575. 8vo.— V. 1382. 8vo. with 

wood cuts. 
R. 1566. Catechismo, secondo il Concilio di Trento. 8vo. — R. 1567. Svo. 

—V. 1567. 4to.— V. 1568. 8vo.— V. 1569. 8vo.— V. 1571. 8vo.— V. 

1573. 8vo.— V. 1575. 8vo.— V. 1582. 8vo. with wood cuts. 
V. 1579. Lorenzo Giustiniano, del Dispregio del Mondo. 4to. — V. 1597. 

4to. 
V. 1581. Phil. Mocenici Institutiones ad hominum perfeclionem. folio. 
V. 1.556. Pianto della Marchesa di Pescara sopra la Passione di Chrlsto. 

8vo.— B. 1557. 8vo.— V. 1561. 8vo.— V. 1578. F. Cornel. Bel- 

landa Viaggio spiritiiale; 4to. — V. 1592. 8yo. 
v. 1578. Gabr. Flammae Oratio de optimi pastoris munere. 4to. 
R. 1565. Stanislai Hosii Confessio catholicae fidei. folio. 
I, V. 1543. JVTagistri Petri Aurelii Sannuti Lutheranorum Oppugnatio. 4to. 
V. 1538i Fini Hadriani Fini Ferrariensis in Judaeos Flagellum. Fed, Tur- 

resanm, 4to. 

JURISPRUDENCE. 

V. 1555. Til. Campegius de Auctoritate et Potestate Romani Pontificis. 
4to. 

V. 1558. , Leonis Bapt. Alberti de Legato Pontificio. 4to. 

R. 1563. Fr. Vargas de Episcoporum Jurisdictione, et Pontif. Max. Auc- 
toritate. 4to. 

V 1554. B. Kumi aurea Armilla inquisitoris. 8vo. 

V. 1551. Statuta patrum ord. S. Francisci. 4to. 

V. 1551. Apostolica Privil. Fratrurti ord. S. Franc. 4to. 

V. 1551. Ordinatione delli frati di S. Francesco. 4to. 

V. 1558. Hier. Butigellae in I part. C. Comm. folio. 

y. 1559. Alciati in Infortiat. Comment, folio. 



KOtlCES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixvli 

R. 1567. Lucas Paetns dejudiciaria Forma. 8vo. 

V. 1554. Tractatus de Nullitatibus processuiim, a Seb. Vantio. 8vo. 

V. 1553. Matth. Gribaldi Mophae Interpretationes Juris. 8vo. 

V. 1 560. Pacis Scala de Consilio sapientis adhibendo in causis forensi- 

bus. 4to. 
V. Without date. Benv. Straccha de Mercatura. 8vo. 
V. 1560. Parte presa nel maggior Consiglio sopra la Eestemmia. 4to. 
V. 1560. Parte presa nel Consiglio di x, sbtto li 28 di Giugno. 4to. 
V. 1560. Parte presa nel Consiglio di x, a di 23 Ottqbre. 4to. 

Sciences and the arts. 

V. 1584. D. Arm. Bellovisii Declaratid difficilium terminbruta Thfolo- 
giae, Philosophiae atque Logicae; 8vo. (a doubtful edition.) 

V. 1586. Eadem. 8vo. 

V. 1513. Platonis Opera : graece. folloi 

V. 1503. Bessario in Platonis libros; folio.-^V. 1516. folio. 

V. liSn. Jambliohus de iUysteriis; Proclus in Platonem. Pselliis, &c. Itit. 
fol.— V. 1516. lidem. laf. fbl. 

V. 1 495-7-8. Aristotelis Opera: graece. 5 vol. folio. 

V. 1551-52-5 3. Eaedem : gr. 6 vol. 8vo. 

V. 1504 .' Aristotelis Histi Anim^lium. Theophrasti Hist, plantarum, &c. 
lat. folio. — V. 1513. Eaedem: lat. folio. 

■V. 1503. Ammonius Hermeus, Magentinus in Aristotelis libr. peri-her- 
menias : gr. folio. 

V. 1504. J. Grammaticus (Philoponus) in posteriora Resolutoria Aristo- 
telis. gr. folio. 

V. 1534, J. Grammaticus in posteriora Resolutoria. Eustratius in eadem. 
gr. folio. 

V. 1513. Alexi Aphrodisiei in Topica Aristotelis Commentarii. gr. folio. 

V. 1520. — in priora Analytica Aristotelis Comment, gr. folio. 

V. 1520 . — in sophistieos Aristotelis Blenches Comment, gr. folio. 

V. 1526. Simplicius in libros de Coelo : graece. folio. 

v.- 1526. -^in libros physicae Auscultationis: graece. folio. 

V. 1527. — in libros deAnima. Alex; Aphrod. in libr. de Sensu, &c. graece. 
folio. 

V. 153S. J. Grammaticus in libros de Generatione et Interitu. Alex. Aph- 
rod. in Meteorologica : graece. folio. 

V. 1534 . Themistius. Alex. Aphrodisiensis deAnima: graece. folio. 

V. 1536. Eustratii et aliorUm Comment, in libros decern de Moribus : 
gr. folio. 

V. 1546. Ammonii Hermiae in Voces Porphyrii Comment, graece. 8vo. ' 

V. 1546. Ammonii Hermiae in Praedicamenta Aristotelis Comment. 
graece. 8vo. 

v. 1546^ — Inlibrum Arist. de Interpretatione : gr. 8vo. 

V. 1550-51 . J. B. Camotii Comment, in primum Theophrasti Meta- 
physices : gr. folio. 

V. 1551, Olympiodori in Meteora Aristotelis Comment. J. Grammatici 
Scholia in eadem : gr. W. 2 vol. folio. 

V. 1554. Pselli in Physioen Arist. Commentarii : latirie. folio. 

V. 1558. Syriani in A ristotelis Metaphys. Comment, latine. 4tQ. 

v. 1558. Lud. Buccafterreae Explanatio in lib. 1. Physic. Arist. lat. folip. 

v. 1 559. In Aristotelis Topica Explanatio. latine. folio. 

V. 1542. Danielis Barbari in Porphyrium Commentationes, 4to. 

v. 1497. Laurentii Maioli Epiphyllides. 4to. 

V. 1497. Ejusdem de Convert proposit. Tractatns. 4to. 

V. 1497. Averrois Quaestio in Arist. librum priorum. 4t9. 
e 2 



Ixviii APPENDIX. 

V. 1509. Plutarchi OpusCula lxxxxii : graece. folio, 

V. 1522. L. A. Senecae naturalium Quaest. libri vii. 4tO, 

V. 1559. Discorsi di Veniero sopra I'Etica. 

V. 1560. Octav. Ferrarii de Disciplina Encyclio liber. 4to. 

V. 1533, L'Anthropologia di Galeazzo Capella. 8vo. 

V. 1544. Isabella Sforza, delta vera Tranquillity dell' Animo. 4to. 

V. 1546. Le Occorrenze humane, per Nic. Libumio. 8vo. 

V. Without date. Bernardini Georgii Epistola de Vita solitaria et trau- 

quilla. 4to. 
V. 1585. La Vicissitudine delle Cose, di Luigi Regie, trad, da H. Cato. 

4to. — V. 1592. Ladetta. 4to. 
V. 1 558. P. Haedi de Miseria humana libri v. 4to. 
V. 1559. Flavii Alexii Ugonii, de Italiaeet Graeciae Calamitatibus. 4to. 
V. 1557. RinaldoOdonidelP Anima. 4to.— V. 1560. 4to. 
V. 1576. Ant. Persic, dell' Ingegno dell' huomo. 8vo. 
V. 1582. G. Huarte Essame degl' Ingegni. 8vo. 
V. 1586. 8to.— V. 1589. 8vo. (a doubtful edition.)— V. 1590. 8vo. 
V. 1501. J. Fr. Pici liber de Imaginatione. 4to. 
V. 1 572. Aldo Giovane, Discorso intorno all' Eccellenza delle Bepub- 

bliche. 4to. 
V. 1591. Nic. Vito di Gozzi, dello Stato delle Repnbbliche. 4to. 
V. 1589. ^Govemodella Famiglia. 8vo. 
V. 15S8. Discorso intorno alle Cose della guerra, con una Oratione della 

pace. 4to. 
V. 1558. I dieci Circoli dell' Imperio. 4to. 
V. 1558. La Bolla d' oro. 4to. 
v. 1545. Discorsi di Franc. Patritij. 8vo. 

v. 1584. II perfetto Gentil'huomo, descritto da Aldo Mannucci. 4to. 
V. 1528. II Cortegiano di Bald. Castiglione. folio.— V. 1533. II mede- 

simo. 8vo. — v. 1538. II medesimo. Fed. Torresano. 8vo. — ^V. 1541. 

II medesimo. 8vo. — ^V. 1545. II medesimo. folio. — V. 1547. U 

medesimo, coll' aggiunta d'una Tavola. 8vo. 
V. 1590. Oracoli politici, con i Fiori degli Apoftegmi di Plutarco. 8vo. 
V. 1581. J. Laur. Ananias de Natura Daemonum. 8vo. 
V. 1589. Idem liber. 8vo. 
V. 1587. G. Bodiuo Demonomania, tr. da H. Cato. 4to.— V. 1589. itf>.— 

V. 1592. 4to. 
.V. 1589 . L. Vairi de Fasoino libri tres. 8vo. 
V. 1559. Fed. Delphinus de Fluxu et Eefluxu maris, folio, fig. 
V. 1561. Val. Faventies, de montium Origine. 4to. 
V. 1535d5:£, Plinii naturalis Hist. 4 vols. 8vq. — ^V. 1540-38. the same 

edition, with the three first titles reprinted. 
V. 1559. Eadem. folio. 

V. 1557. P. Manutio degli Element!, e de' loro effetti. 4to. 
V. 1514. Authores Rei rusticae, Cato, Varro, Columella, &c. 4to. — V. 
7 153a. 4to.— V. 1581. L'AgricolturadiC. Stefano, trad, da Here. Cato. 

4to. — V. 1591. La meflesima. 4to. 
V. 1499. Dioscorides. — ^icandri Therijica et Alexipharmaca : graece. 

folio. 
■ v. lilfi, Dioscorides : gr. 4to. 

..V. 1522-23. Nicandri Theriaca et Alexipharmaca: gr. ito, 
V. 1566. Marini, Discorso sull' Alicorno, 4to. 
V. 1576. Andrea Bacci, del Tevere libri tre. 4to. 
V. 1495. P. Bembi Aetna. 4to. 
V. 1526. Hippocratis Opera : graece. folio, 
v. 1550. Methodus in Aphorismos Hippocratis. 4to. 
, V. 1525. Galeni Opera : graece. 5 vol, folio. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixix 

V. 1528. Paul! AEginetae Opera : gr, folio. 

V. 15551, Eadem, latine. 8vo. 

V. 1534. Aetii Amideni Libri medicinales : gr. folio. 

V. 1547 . Medici antiqu! oipnes, latini. folio. 

V. 1528 . Celsiis, et Serenus Sammonicus, 4to. 

V. 1497. Majolus de Gradibiis medicinarum. 4to. 

V. Withmtdate. Oribasii Sardiani Collectorum medicinalium libri xvii : 

latine, 8vo. 
V. 1554. Ejusdem Synopseos ad Eustathiumlib. IX; lat.S\o. 
V. 1549. Cam. Thomaii Methodus ad curandos morbo internarum par- 

tium. 8vo. 
V. 1589. G. Mesve libri de' i Semplici piirgativi. 8vo. 
V. 1558. J. Paeinus de Humoris incrassatione. 8vo. 
V. 1497. Nic. Leonicenusde Morbo gallico. 4to. 
V. 1561. Hieron. Gabucinius de Morbo comitiali. 4to. 
V. 1546. Pretiosa Margarita novellade philos. lapide. 8vo. fig. — ^V. 1557. 

Eadem. 8vo. fig. 
V. 1658. Archimedis Opera nonnulla, a Fred. Commandino lat. facta. 

folio. 
V. 1499 . J. Firmicus et alii veteres Astronomi : gr. lat folio. 
V. 1558. Ptolemaei Planisphaerium: latine. Jordan! Planisphaeriumj 

Federici Commandini Comment. 4to. 
R. 1562. CI. Ftolemaeus de Analemmate : latine. 4to. 
V. 2581. Censoriuus de Die natali. 8vo. 
v. 1518 . Artemidorus de Somniis: graece. 8vo. 
V. Without date. Predica dei Sogni, 8vo. 
V. 1554. I quattro primi libri di Architettura di P. Cataneo. folio, fig. en 

bois. 
V. 1567. Dell' Architettura di P. Cataneo, libri otto, folio, fig. en bois. 
V. 1585. Brancatio nuova Disciplina, et vera Arte militare. folio. 

THE BELLES-LETTRES. 

v. 1561. 3. Camillus de Ordine ac Methodo in scientia servandi^. 4to. 
V. 1495. Theodori Gazae Grammatica graeca. folio. — V. 1525. Eadem. 

8vo. 
V. 1496 . Thesaurus Comucopiae et Horti Adonidls : gr. folio. 
V. 1512. Chrysolorae Erotemata, etc. graece. 8vo. 
V. 1517. Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1549. Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1494-5. Lascaris Grammatica graeca. 4to. 
V. Without date . Eadem. 4to. 
V. 1512. Eadem. 4to. 

V. 1540. Eadem. Expensis Fed. et Fr. Asulani. 8vo. 
V. 1557. Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1497 . Urbani Grammatica graeca. 4to. — V. 1557, Eadem. 8vo.— V. 

1560. Eadem. 8to.— V. 1566. Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1515. Aldi Manutii Grammaticae Institutiones graecae. 4to. 
V. 1570 . Nic. Clenardi Institut. linguae graecae. Bvo. 
V. 1502. Julii PoUncis Vocabularium : gr. folio. 
V. 1M4. Hesychii Dictionarium : graece. folio. 
V. 1514. Suidas : graece. ifolio, 
V. 1497. Aldi Manutii Dictionarium graecum. folio. 
V. 1S24. Idem, auctum. folio. 

V. 1549. Magnum Etymologicum graecae linguae : gr. folio. 
V. 1527. Priscianus grammaticus, &c. 4to. 



ixx APPENDIX. 

V. ISOl. Aldi Manutii Grammatica latina. 4to. — ^V. 1508. Eadem. 4to. — 

V. 1514. Eadem. 4to.— V. 1523. Eadem. 4to.— V. 1558. Eadem. Svo. 

—V. 1559. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 1561. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 1564. Eadem. 

8vo.— V. 1568. Eadem. 8vo. (a doubtful edition.)— V. 1575. Eadem. 

8vo. — V. 1576. Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1561. Aldi Manutii P. F. Orthograpliiae Ratio. 8vo. 
V. 1566; Eadem, editio auctior. Bvo. — V. 1591. Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1575. Epitome Orthographiae Aldi Manutii P. F. 8vo. 
V. 1590. Idem. 8vo. 

V. Without date. Aldi Manutii P. F. Orthographiae Compendiolum. 8vo. 
V. 1557. Th. Linacri de Structura latini sermonis libri sex. 8vo. 
.v. 1536^ Laurentii Vallae Elegantiarum libri. 4to. 
V. 1556. Aldo Manutio, Eleganze della lingua latina e toscana. 8vo. — 

V. 1558. Le dette. 8vo. — V. 1558. Another edition, of the same 

date. 8vo.— V. 1559. Le dette. 8vo. — V. 1559. Another edition, of 

the same date. 8vo V. 1561. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1563. Le dette. 

8vo.— V. 1565. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1568. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1570. 

Le dette. 8vo. — ^V. 1570. Le dette. Ex Bibliotheca Aldina. 8vo.^ — V. 

1572. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1573. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1575. Le dette. 

8vo. — ^V. 1576. Le dette. Ex Bibliotheca Aldina. 8vo ^V. 1580. Le 

dette. 8vo.— V. 1586. Le dette. 12mo. — V. 1594. Le dette. 8vo. ■ 
V. 1584. N. Frischlini Quaestiones Grammaticae. 8vo, 
V. 1584. Nic. Frischlini Strigilis Grammatica. 8vo. 
V. 1576. F. Ang. Rocca Osservazioni sulle bellezze della lingua latina. 

8vo.— V. 1580. Le dette. 8vo. — V. 1590. Ije dette. 8vo. 
.V. 1499. Nic. Perrotti Cornucopiae latinae. folio. — V. 1513. Eaedem. 

folio.— V. 1517. Eaedem. folio.— V. 1527. Eaedem. folio. 
V. 1542. Ambr. Calepini Dictionarium. folio. — V. 1548. Idem, folio. — 

V. 1552. Idem, folio.— V. 1558. Idem, folio.— V. 1559. Idem, folio. 

—V. 1563. Idem, folio.— V. 1564. Idem, folio.— V. 1564. anotheredi- 

tion, underthesame date, folio. — V. 1565. Idem. fol. — V. 1571. Idem. 

Ex Billiotheca Aldina. folio. — V. 1573. Idem, folio.— V. 1576. Idem. 

folio.— V. 1577. Idem, folio.— V. 1579. Idem, folio.— V. 1581. Idem. 

folio.— V. 1583. Idem, folio. 
V. 1541. Regole Grammatical! della volgar lingua, da Fr. Fortunio. 8ve, 

—V. 1545. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1552. Le dette. Bvo. 
V. 1521. Le Vulgari Elegantie di Nic. Libumio. 8vo. 
V. 1543. Fr. Alunno Richezze della lingua volgare. folio. 
V. 1551. Le dette, dall' autore molto ampliate. folio. 
V. 1589. Orlhographia Manutiana in tavole. 
V. 1508-9. Rhetores graeci, 2 vol. folio. 
',V. 1523 . Rhetores graeci, lat. versi. folio. 
V. 1555. D. Longiuus de Sublimitate : graece. 4to. 
v. 1541. Bart. Riccius de Imitatione. 8vo. — ^V. 1545. Idem. 8vo, 
R. 1562. Ant. Bernard! Institutio in Logicam. 4to. 
. V._1554.- Jovitae Rapicii de Numero oratorio libri v, et Carmina. folio. 
V. 1575. Octavianus Ferrarius de Sermonibus exotericis. 4to. 
V. 1513. Rhetorum graecorum Orationes : graece. 3 parties, folio. 
. V. 1504. Demosthenis Orationes : gr. folio. 
V. l^Di, Eaedem : gr. editio altera, folio. 
V. 1554. Demosthenis Orationes : graece. 3 vol. 8vo. 
V. 1549. AEschinis et Pemosthenis Orationes iv : Gr. Fed. Turrisanus, 

8vo. 
v. 1549. Demosthenis Oratioqes contra Philippum, a P. Manutio latini- 

tate don'atae. '4to. 
V. 1591, Eaedem. 4tD, 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixxi 

V. 1555. Oratione di Demosthene contra la legge di Lettine. Sva. > 

V. 1554. Due Orationi di Eschine e di Demosthene. 8vo. 

V. 1557. Cinque Orationi di Demosthene, et una di Kschine. 8vo. 

V. 1503 . Ulpiani Enarrationes in Demosthenem : gr. folio. 

V. 1527. Eaedem : gr. folio. 

V. 1534 . Isocrates, Alcidamas, Gori;ias, Aristides, Harpocralion : gr. folio. 

V. 1549. Platonis, Thueydidis et Depaosthenis Orationes funeUres : graem. 
8vo. 

V. Without date, Dionis Chrysostomi Orationes ixxx : graece. 8vo. 

V. 1582-83. Cicero, cum Mannucciorum Commentafiis. 10 vol. folio. 

V. 1514. Ciceronis Libri Oratorii. 4to. — ^V. 1521. lidem. 4to V. 153S. 

lidein. 4to. — V. 1546. lidem. 8to. — ^V. 1550. lidem. 2 vols. 8vo.-^ 
V. 1554. lidem. 2 vols. 8vo.— V. 1559. lidem. 2 vols. 8vo.— V. 1564. 
lidem. 2 vols. 8vo.— V. 1569. lidem. 2 vols. 8vo.— V. 1569. lidem. 
Ex Bibl. ^Idina. 2 vols. 8vo. — V. 1583. lidem, cum Comm. Aldi 
Mannuccii P. F. 2 vols, folio. 

V. 1519. Ciceronis Orationes. 3 vols. 8vo.— V. 1540- 41. Eaedem. 3 vols. 
'Svo. — V. 1546. Eaedem. 3 vols. 8V0.—V. 1550. Eaedem. 3 vols. 8vo^ — 
Vj 1554. Eaedem. .3 vols. 8vo.^V. 1559. Eaedem. 3 vols, 8vo.— 
V. 1562. Eaedem. 3 vols. 8vo. — ^V. 1565. Eaedem. 3 vols. 8vo. (a very 
doubtful edition.) — V. 1569. Eaedem. 3 vols. 8vo.— V. 1570. Eaedem. 
iEx Bibl. Aldina. 3 vols. 8vo.— V. 1578-79. Eaedem, cum Com. P. 
Manutii. 3 vols. fol. 

V. 1572- Ciceronis Orationes in Antonlum, cnm Comm. P. Manutii. 8vo. 

V. 1502. Ciceronis Epistolae ad familiares. 8vo. — V. 1512. Eaedem. 8vo.— 
V. 1522. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 1533. Eaedem. 8vo.— V. 1540. Eae- 
dem. Bvo. — V. 1543. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 1546. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 
1548. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 1552. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 1554. Eaedem. 
gvo. — V. i556.- Eaedem. 8vo. (a doubtful edition.) — V. 1560. Eae- 
dem. 8vo. — ^V. 1562. Eaedem. 8vo. — ^V. 1566-67. Eaedem. 8vo. — 
v. 1571. fiaedem. 8vo';^V. 1575. Eaedem. 8vo.— V. 1576. Eaedem. 
8vo.— V. 1579. Eaedem. folio.— V. 1582. Eaedem. folio.— V. 1593. 
Eaedem. folio. — V.1592. Eaedem. 8vo. ■ 

V. 1513 . Ciceronis Epistolae ad Atticum. 8vo. — V. 1521. Eaedem. 8vo. — 
V. 1540. Eaedem. 8vo. — ^V. 1542. Eaedem. (a doubtful edition.) — 
V. 1544. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 1548. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 1551. Eaedem. 
8vo.— V. 1554-55. Eaedem. 8vo.— V. 1558-59. Eaedem. 8vo.— 
V. 1561. Eaedem. 8vo. — ^V. 1563. Eaedem. 8vo. — ^V. 1564. Eaedem. 

gvo. ^V. 1567. Eaedem. 8vo. — V. 1570. Eaedem. Svo. — V. 1570. 

Eaedem. Ex Bibl. Aldina. 8vo.— V. 1582. Eaedem, c Comm. P. 
Manutii. folio. 

V. 1523. Ciceroni? Opera philosophica. 2 vols. 8vo. — V. 1541. Eadem. 
2 vols. 8vo. — V. 1546. Eadem. 2 vols. Svo. — V. 1552. Eadem. 2 vols. 
8vo.— V. 1555-56. Eadem. 2 vols. 8vo.— V. 1560. Eadem. 2 vols. 

8vo. ^V. 1562. Eadem. 2 vols. Svo. — V. 1565. Eadem. 2 vols. 8vo. 

V. 1583. Eadem, cum Comm. Aldi Manucii P. E. 2 vols, folio.' 

V 1517 Ciceronis Officiorum lib. iii. Cato Major, Laelius, etc. 8vo.-;- 
' ~vri519. lidem. Svo. — ^V. 1541. lidem. Svo — .V. 1545. lidem. Bvo. — 
v' 1548. lidem. Svo. — ^V. 1548. lidem, cum Comment, folio. — V. 
1552. lidem. Svo.— V. 1555. lidem. 8»o.— V. 1559. lidem. Svo.— 
V 1561 lidem. Svo.— V. 1564. lidem. Svo.- V. 1567. lidem. Svo. 
—V. 1570. lidem. Ex Bibl. Aldim. 8vo,--V. 1581. lidem, cum 
Comm. Aldi Manuccii P. F. folio.— V. 1592. lidem. Svo. 

V. 1554- Oratione di Cicerone, in difesa di Milonej trad, da G. Bonfadio. 

V. 15SS." Le Filippioiie di Cicerone, trad, da G. Ragazzoni, 4to, ^ 



Ijfxii APPENDIX. 

V. 1545. Epistole famigliari di Cic, (trad, da Guido lolgio.) 8vo. — V. 

1545. T.e dette, con moUo studio rivedute e corrette. 8vo. — V. 1543. 

Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1549. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1551. Le dette. 8vo.— 

V. 1552. Le delte. 8vo.— V. 1554 55. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1559. Le 

dette. 8vo.— V. 1563. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1566. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 

1513. Le dette. 8vo. 
V. 1556. Le Pistole di Cicerone a Bruto, trad, da Ant. Maggi. 8vo. 
V. 1555. Le Pistole di Cicerone ad Attico, trad, da M. Senarega. 8vo. — 

V. IVithout date. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1557. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1569. Le 

dette. 8vo. 
E. 1588. Instruttione di Cicerone a Quinto il fratello, trad, da Aldo Man. 

12nio. 
V. 1546. In libros Cicer. de arte Rhetorica Commentarii. folio. — ^V. 1551. 

Ildem. folio.-i-V. 1561. lidem. folio. 
V. 1522. Asconius Pedianus in Cicer. Orationes. 8vo. — V. 1547. Idem. 

Rvo.— V. 1553. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1563 . Idem. 8vo. 
V. 154'^, In Ciceronis Orationes Doct. viror. Lucubrationes. folio.-^V. 

1552. Eaedetn. fol. 
V. 1558 . Bern. Lapr^jflani in Orat. de Lege agraria Comment. 4to. 
V. 1542. Hieron. Ferrarii Emendationes in Cicer. Philippicas. 8vo. 
V. 1556. P. Maiiutii in Orat. pro Sextio Comment. 8vo. — V. 1559 . Idem. 8vo. 
R. 1579. Ejusdem in Orat. pro Archia poeta Comment. 4to. 
V 1549. Fr. Priscianensis Observ. in Cicer. Fpistolas. 8vo. 
V. 1555. Hier. Ragazzonii Comment, in Cic. Epist. ad familiares. 8vo. 
V. 1547. P. Manutii Comment, in Epist. ad Atticum. 8vo. — V. 1553. 

Id«m. 8vo.— V. 1557. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1561. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1568. 

Idem. 8»o.— V. 1572. Idem. 8vo. 
V. 1557. P. Manutii in Epist. ad Brutum Comment. 8to. 
V. 1562 Mem 8vo. 
V. 1570. Nizolii Tbesaurns Ciceronianus. folio. — V. 1576. Idem, folio. — 

V. 1591. Idem, folio. 
V. 1570. Ciceronis Epithets a P. J. Nunnesio collect. 8vo. 
V. 1570. Locutioni dell' Epistole di Cicerone. 8vo. — V. 1573. Le dette. 

8vo.— V. 1575. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1582. Le dette. 8vo ^V. 1587. 

Le dette. 12mo.— V. 1594. Le dette. 8vo. 
V. 1546. Ciceronis Defcnsiones contra Calcagninum, per Jac. Grifolum. 8vo. 
V. 1514 . Quintillanus. (Institut. Orat.) 4lo. 
V. 1521 . Idem Quintilianus. 4to. ' 

v. 1498. J. Reuchlin ad Alex, vi Oratio. Bvo. 
V. 1501. Bern, Justiniani ad Lud. xi Oratio. 4to. 
v. 1501. Hieronymi Donati ad Christianissimum Regem Oratio. 8vo. 
V. 1502. J. B. Egnatii Oratio in laudem B. Prunuli. 8vo. 
V. 1504. Scip. Carteromachi Oratio. 8vo. 
V. Without date. Christ. Longolii Defensiones duae. 8vo. 
v. 1545. Bernardini Parthenii pro lingua latina Oratio. 4to. 
V. 1546. Ferdin. Abduensis Oratio et Epigrammata. 8vo. 
V. 1548. P. Paschalii in Maulii Parricidas Actio. 8vo. 
V. 1551. Vict. Fausti Orationes quinque. 4to. 

V. 1552. Adeodati Senensis Theol. Oratio habita in Concilio Trid. 4t<v ' 
V. 1554. Bern. Lauredani Oratio in funere Ant. Trivisani. 4to. 
V. 1559. Lud. Pariseti ad Regienses Orationes tres. 8vo. (This is the edi- 
tion of 1552, with a new title-page.) 
V. 1557. Jac. Grifoli Orationes. 4to. 
"V. 1555. Ant. Mureti Orationes tres. 4to. 
V. 1575. Mureti Orationes et Carmina. Bvo. — Y, 1576. Eadem. 8vo. 

(The same edition with another date.) 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixxiil 

V. 1555. C. Sigonii pro Eloquentia Orationes iiii. 4to. 

V. 1560. C. Sigonii Orationes septem. 4to. 

B. 1556. Mich.'Th. Taxaquetii Orationes duae. 4to. 

V. 1558. Hier. Faleti Orationes lii. folio. 

V. 1 559. Orationes in funere clarorum virorum. 4to. 

V. 1561. J. Sadoleti et.B. Campegii Orationes duae. 4to. 

V. 1561. J. B. Pignae in funere Francisci ii Oratio. 4to. 

V. 1564. Val. Palermi Orationes duae, et pastorale Carmen. 4tp. 

V. 1572. Raph. Cyllenii Angelii Orationes. 8vo. 

V. 1578. Aldi Manutii Oratio in funere B. Rottarii. 4to. 

B. 1585. Aldi Manutii P. F. Oratio ad Sixtum v. folio. 

£. 1585. Oratione di Aldo Manutio a Sixto v. 4to. 

J^sis. 1587. Aldi Man. P. F. Oratio de Fr. Medices Laudibns. 4to. 

Fhrentiae. 1587. Eadem. 4to. 

R. 1589. De '^ouoniae Laudibus, B. Morandi Oratio. 4to. 

V. 1536. Aristotelis Poetica : gr. lat. 8vo. 

V. 1503. Florilegium Epigrammatum : gr. 8vo. — V. 1521. Idem. gr. 8vo. 

—V. 1550-51. Idem. gr. 8yo. , 

V. 1504 . Homerus. gr. 2 vols. 8vo. — ^V. Without date . (The same, of which 

the editions on vellum and some on paper have no date.) — V. 1517. 

Idem. 2 vols. 8vo. — V. 1524 . Idem. 2 vols. 8vo. ~ 

V. 1521. Didymus et Porphyrins in Homerum : gr. Bvo. 
V. 1528. Didymus in Odysseam : gr. 8vo. 

V. Without date . Quintus Calaber, Tryphiodorus, Coluthus : gr. 8vo. 
V. 1495 . Theocritus, Hesiodus, etc. gr. folio. 
V. 1555. Moschi, Bionis, Theocriti Idyllia aliquot, ab Henr. Stepbano 

lat. facta. 4to. 
v. 1513. Pindarus, Callimachus, Dionysius, Lycophron : gr. 8vo. 
V. 1521. ApoUonius Rhodius : gr. 8vo, 
V. 1517- Oppianus: gr. lat. 8vo. 

Y. Without date. Musaeus de Herone et Leandro : gr. lat. 4to. 
v. 1517. Musaeus: gr. lat. Orpheus: gr. 8vo. 
V. 1504. Oreg. Nazanzeni Carmina : gr. lat. 4to. 
v. Without date. Nonni Paraph, in Evang. sec. Joannem : gr. 4to. 
V. Without date. Galeomyomachia : gr. 4to. 
V. 1518 . AEschylus: gr. 8vo, 
v. 1502^ Sophocles: gr. 8vo. 
y. 1503, Euripides : gr. 2 vol. 8vo^ 
V. 1507. Eurip. Hecuba et Ipbigenia in Aulide, ab Erasmo lat. versae. 

8vo. 
V. 1498. Aristopbanis Comoediae, cum Scholiis : gr. folio. 
V. ] 534. Poetae tres egregij, Gratius, Nemesianus, Calphumins, &c. 8vo. 
V. 1501-2. Poetae christiani veteres : Prudentius, Sedulius, J uvencus, &c, 

2 vol. 4to. 
V. 1517. Veterum Poetarum in Priapum Lusus, &c. 8vo. — ^V. 1534. 

Idem. 8vo. 
V. 1500 . Lucretius. 4to.— V. 1515. Idem. Svo. ^^y, 

V. 1502. Catullus, tibullus, Propertius. 8vo.— V. 1515. lidem. 8vo.— V. 

1558. lidem, cum notis Mureti. 8vo. — V. 1562. lidem. 8vo. 
V. 1554. Catullus, cum Comment. Mureti. 8vo. 
V. 1564. Catullus. Svo. (A very doubtful edition. ) 
V. 1566. Catullus, cum Comment. Achillis Statii. Svo. 
V. 1567. Tibullus, cum Comment. Achillis Statii. Svo. 
v., 1501 . Virgilius. Svo. — ^V. 1505. Idem. Svo.— V. 1514. Idem, edente 

Naugerio. 8vo.— V. 1527. Idem. Svo.— V. 1541. Idem. 8vo.— V. 

1545. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1553. Idem. Svo — ^V. 1555. Idem. 8vo. 



Ixxiv APPENDIX. 

V. 1558. Virgilius, cum notis P. Manutii. 8vo. — ^V. 1560. Idem. 8vo.— 

V. 1563. Idem. Svo. 
V. 1567, Virgilius, cum notis P. Manutii. Svo. — V. 1576. Idem, cum 

notis J. A. Meyen, 8vo.— V. 1580. Idem. Svo — V. 1585. Idem. Svo. 

fig._V. 1587. Idem. Svo. 
v. 1542. II Libro ottavo de la Eneide, trad, da Giov. Giustiniano. Svo. 
v. 1501.. Horatius. Svo.— V. 1509 . Idem. Svo.— V. 1519. Idem. 8vo.— 

V. 1527. Idem. Svo. — V. 1555. Idem, cum notis Aldi et Mureti. 

8vo.— V. 1559 . Idem. Svo.- V. 1561. Idem. Svo.- V. 1564. Idem, 

cum notis Aldl, Mureti, et Mich. Brutl. Svo. — ^V. 1566 . Idem. Svo. 

— ^V. 1566. Idem, cum notis D. Lambini, 4to. — V. 1570. Idem, cum 

notis Mureti et Eruti, Svo. — V. 1570. Idem, cum iisdem notis. Hx 

Bibl. Aldina. Svo. — ^V. 1585. Idem, cum Comm. B. Parthenii. 4to. 

v. 1594. Idem. Svo. 
B. 1586. De Laudibus Vitae rusticae Ode Horatii ab Aldo Manuccio ex- 

plicata. 4to. 
V. 1546. Fr. Pedimontii in Horat. Art. poetic. Ecphrasis. 4to. 
V. 1553. Jas. de Nores in Horatii Art. poet. Interpretatio. Svo, 
V. 1553. The same edition, with the name of Andr. Arrivabeni. Svo. 
V. 1554. Fr. Luisini in Horatii Artem poet. Comm. 4to. 
V. 1576. In Horatii libr. de Arte poetica Aldi Man. P. F. Commenta- 

rius. 4to. 
V. 15fl2-3. Ovidii Opera. 3 vol. Svo. 
V. 15 15-1 6. Ovidii Opera. 3 vol. Svo. 
V. 1533-34. Eadem. 3 vol. Svo. 

V. 1515. Ovidii Libri Amatorii. Svo. (Printed by the Juntas.) 
V. 1583. Ovidii Heroidum Epistolae, cum Scholiis. Svo. 
V. 1588. Eaedem. Svo. 

V. 1575. Here. Ciofani in Ovidii Metamorph. Observationes. Svo. 
V. 1580. Ejusdem Scholia in Ovidii Halieuticon. Svo. 
V. 1502. Lucanus. 8vo.— ^V. 1515. Idem. 8vo. 
V. 1523. Valerius Flaccus ; Orphei Argon, latine. Svo. 
V. 1523. Silins Italicus. 8to. 
V. 1502 . Statius. 8vo.— V. 1519. Idem. Svo. 
V. 1501. Juvenalis et Persius. Svo. — V. 1501. lidem : a posterior reprint 

by many years, Svo. — ^V. 1535. lidem. Svo. 
V. 1501 . Martialis. Svo.— V. 1517. Idem. Svo. 
V. 1517. Ausonius. Svo. 
V. 1523. Claudianus. Svo. 
V. 1522. Plautus. 4to. 
V. 1517. Terentius. 8vo.— V. ;521. Idem. Svo.- V. 1541. Idem. Svo.— 

V. 1545. Idem. Svo. — V. 1553. Idem. Svo. — V. 1555. Idem, cum 

notis Ant. Mureti. Svo. — V. 1558-59. Idem, cum ejusdem notis. Svo. 

—V. 1560. Idem. Svo— V. 1561. Idem. Svo.— V. 1563. Idem. Svo. 

—V. 1565. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1566. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1570. Idem. Svo. 

■ — ^V. 1570. Idem, cum Comment. V. Cordati. Ex Bibl. Aldina. Svo. — 

V. 1575. Idem, cum Scholiis Mureti, Svo.— V. 1588. Idem. Svo. — 

V. 1593. Idem. Svo. 
V. 1545. L'Andria, et I'Eunucho di Terentio, trad, da Giustiniano. Sv6. 
V. 1546. Le Comedie di Terentio volgari. Svo. 
V. 1585. Aldo Mannucci, Locutioni di Terentio. Svo. 
V. 1517. Senecae Tragoediae. Svo. 

V. Without date. Aldi Manucii ad Leonellum Pium Paraenesis. 4to. 
V. Without date. Aldi Manucii Musarum Panegyris. 4to. 
V. 1505. Pontani Carminum tomus prior. Svo. — V. 1513 . Idem, gvo.-^' 

V. 1533. Idem. Svo. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixxv 

V. 1518. Ejusdem Carm. tomus alter. 8vo. 

V. 1504. Cimbriacipoetae Enoomiastica ad Federicum, &c. 8vo, 

V. 1505. Adriani Cardinalis Venatio. 8vo. 

V. 1505. J. Aurelius Augurellus. 8vo. 

V. 1513. Strozii poetae Pater ct Filius. 8vo. 

V. 1527. Sannazarii Carmina. 8vo. — V. 1528. Eadem. 8vo. — V. 1533 

Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1535. J. Sannazarii Opera omnia (poetica) latine scripta. 8vo. 
V. ISnO. Eadem. Ex Bibl. Aldina. 8vo. 

V. 1529. J. Cottae Carmina ; Sannazarii Ode, Elegia, &c. 8vo. (no print- 
er's name, and not an Aldine edition.) 
V. 1538. Bern. Georgii de Paulo HI. Opusciila. 4to. 
V. 1558. Ejusdem Epitaphia etEpigrammata. 4to. 
V. Without date. Same edition as the preceding. 
V. 1559. Bern. Georgii Perioclia in publicas solemnitates. 8vo. 
V. 1546. Scip. Capieii Carmina. 8vo. 
V. 1550. Domitii Marini Carmina. 8vo. 
V. 1550-51. Lud. Pariseti Theopeiae libri sex. 8vo. — ^V. 1553. Ejusdem 

Pausithea.' 8vo. 
V. 1551. Natalis Comitum de Venatione libri IV. 8vo. 
V. 1554. Nic. Libiimii Epithalamium. 4to. 
v. 1556. Bern. Tomitani Clonicus. 8vo. 
V. 1556. Ejusdem Corydon. 8vo. 
V. 1557. Hier. Faletus de Bello Sicambrico, &c. 4to. 
V. 1558. Gregorii Corrari Progne, tragoedia. 4to. 
v. 1559. J. Sadoleti et F. Sfondrati Poemata duo. 4to. 
V. 1564. Faustini Amici Bassanensis Epistola. 4to. 
R. 1573. Ad J. Boncompagnum H. Capiluppi Versus. 4to. 
V. 1583. Germani Audeberti Venetiae. 4to. 
V. 1585. Scipii Gentilis Solymeidos libri duo priores. 4to. 
Lucae. 1588. Lepidi Philodoxios : Fabula ab Aldo Manuccio edita. Sro. 
R. 1592. Aldi Manuccii Carmen de Clemente VIII. 4to. 
V. 1502. Dante. 8vo. 
v. 1515. Dante. 8vo. 

V. 1501. Petrarca. 8vo. — ^V. 1514. II medesimo. 8vo.— V. 1521. II me- 
desimo. 8to. — ^V. 1533. U medesimo. 8vo. — ^V. 1546 . II medesimo. 
8vo. 
V. 1541. Stanze di Ang. Politiano. 8vo. 
v. 1514. Arcadia del Sannazaro. 8vo. 
V. 1534. La medesima. 8vo. 
V. 1534. Sonetti e Canzoni del Sannazaro. 8vo. 
V. 1545. Orlando furioso di L. Ariosto. 4to. 
V. 1553. Stanze pastorali di Bald. Castiglione, e le Rime di 6. Corso. 

8vo. 
, V. 1554. Poesie volgari di Lorenzo de' Medici. 8vo. 
B. 1557. Ant. Castellan! Stanze in lode delle donne di Faenza. 4to. 
V. 1557. Sonetti morali di P. Massolo. 8vo. 
V. 1569. Rime di Annibal Caro. 4to.— V. 1572. Le dette. 4to. 
V. 1581. Rime e Prose diT.Tasso. 8vo. 
. V. 1582. Le dette ; parte prima e parte seconda. 12mo. 
-V. 1583. Le dette. 12mo. with wood cuts. 
V. 1585. Aggiunta alia Rimee Prose di T. Tasso. 12mo. 
V. 1589. Rime di Savino Bobali Sordo. 4to. 
V. 1543. Orbecche, tragedia di 6. Batt. Giraldi Cinthio. 8to. 
I, V. 1547. Didone, tragedia di Lod. Dolce. 8vo. 
V. 1549. Giocasta, tragedia di Lod. Dolce. 8vo. 



Ixx^i APPENDIX. 

V. 15.49. Fabritia, comedia dj Lod. Dolce. Bvo. 

V. 1550. Comedia del Sagrificjo degli Intronati. 8vo. 

V. 1570. Nic. Guidani, Eustachia, comedia. 8vo. 

V. 1582. Gli Straccioni, comedia di Ann. Caro. 12mo. 

V. 1589. Gli detti. 12mo. 

V. 1580. Aminta, di T. Tasso. 8vo.— V. 1581. II detto. 8vo.— V. 1583. 

li detto. 12mo. wood cuts. — ^V. 1589. 11 detto. 12mo. wood cuts. — 

V. 1590. II detto. 410. with wood cuts. 
V. 1597-8. Uom. Slataiich, Elelitra, Gliubmir, Pirama i Tisbe, &c. iii 

lingua Sohiava. 4to. fig. 
V. 1585. Galestri, tragedia di Carlo Turco Asolano. 8vo. 
V. 1585. Agnelle, comedia del medesimo, 8vo. 
V. 1505. Aesopi et Gabriae Fabellae, gr. lot. &c. fol. 
V. 1521. Apuleius. 8vo, 
V. 1522. II Decamerone di Boccaccio. 4to. 
V. 1429. Polyphili Hypnerotomachia. fol. fig. 
v. 1545. Eadem, sub hoc titulo : La Hypnerotomachia di 'Poliphilo. fol. 

fig. . 
v. 1538. Tirante il Bianco. Fed. Torresano. 4to. 
v. 1558-60. Gli egregi fatti del re Meliadus. 8vo. 
v. 1559. La Seconda parte delleProdezze del re Meliadus. 8vo. 
v. 1514. Athenaeus : graece. fol, 
V. 1515. Aulus Gellius. 8vo. , 

V. 1528. Macrobius, Censorinus. 8vo. 
V. 1516. Lud. Coelii Rhodigini Lentiones antiquae. fol. 
V. 1557 . Car. Sigqnii Emendationum libri duo. 4to. 
V. 1590. Jac. Pontani Pi'ogymnasmata. 8vo. 
V. 1515. Erasmi Mpria, idlest, Stuititia. 8vo. 
V. 1508. Erasmi Adagia. folio.— -V. 1520. Eadem. folio. 
Florentiae. 1575. Adagia A. P. Manutio expurgata. folio. — V. 1578. 

Eadem. 4to.— V. 1585. Eadem. 4to. 
V. 1577. Apophthegmatum libri XII. a P. Manutio expurgata. 12mo. 
V. 1546. Andreae Aloisti Emblemata. 8vo. fig. 

B. 1556. Gav. Sambigucii in Herraathenam Bocchiatoi Interpretatio, 4to. 
V. 1503. Licianus, Philostrari Icones, &c. gr. fol. 
V. 1522. Eadem : gr. fol. 

v. 1516. Luciani Opuscula : latine, Erasmo interprete. 8vo. 
V. 1498. Ang. Politiani Opera, fol. 

V. 1501. Georgius Valla de expetendis et fugiendis rebus. 2 vol. fol. 
V. 1518-lfl . J. Jov. Pontani Opera soluta orat. composita. 3 vol. 4to. 
V. 1518. Erasmi Opuscula. 8vo. 
V. 1562. M. A. Nattae Orationes et Opuscula. fol. 
V. 1564. Ejusdem Opuscula alia. fol. 
V. 1565. P. Bizzari Opuscula. 8vo. 
v. 1578. Gasp. Contareni Opera, fol. 
V. 1540. Nic. Machiavelli Historie Florentine. 8vo. — ^V. 1546. Le me- 

desime. 8vo. — V. 1552. Le medesime.. 8vo. — V. 1540. Libro dell* 

Arte della Guerra. 8to.— V. 1546. II detto. 8vo.— V. 1540. II Pren- 

cipe. Vita di Castruccio Castracane, &c. 8vo. — V. 1546. I detti. 

8vo. — ^V. 1540. Discorsi sopra la prima deca di Tito Livio. 8vo. — 

V. 1546. I detti. 8vo. 
V. 1505. Asolani di P. Bembo. 4to.— V. 1515. I detti. 8vo. 
V. 1541. Dialoghi di Amore, di Leone medico. 8vo.— V. 1545. Idetti.Svo. 
^ —V. 1549. I detti. 8vo.— V. 1552. I detti. 8vo.— V. 1558.. I detti. 

8vo. 
V. 1588. Dav. dePomisEnarratioApoIog. de Medico Hebraeo. 4to. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixxvii 

V. 1542. Dialoghi di Sperone Speroni. 8vo. — ^V. 1543. I detti. 8vo.— . 

V. 1544. I detti. 8vo.— V. 1546. I detti. 8vo.— V. 1546. Another 

of the same date, 8vo. — ^V. 1550. I detti. 8vo.— V. 1553. I detti. 

8vo. 
V. 1499. Epistolarum graeciriim Collectio. 2 vol. 4to. 
V. 1570. Bruti Epistolae a J. Scarpr; latinae factae. 8vo. 
V. 1508. Plinii Epistolae. 8vo.— V. 1518, Eadem. 8vo. 
V. 1556. Epistolae clarorum viioium. 8vo. 
V. 1538. Bern. Georgii Epistolae aliquot. 4to. 

V. 1553. Lud. Parisetjjunioris Epistolarum posteriorum librl tres. 8vo. 
V. 1558. Paiili Mai-.utii Epistolae et Praefationes. 8vo. 
V. 1560. Pauli Manutii Epist. libri ii;i et Praefationes. 8vo. — ^V. 1561. 

EarumOem iibri v. 8vo. — ^V. 1569. Earumdem libri viii. 8vo. — ^V. 

1571. Earumdem libri x, 8vo. 
V. 1573. Pauli Manutii Epist. libri xi. 8vo. — V. 1580. Earumdem libri 

XII. 8vo. — V. 1580. Another edition of the same date. 8vo. — V. 1590. 

Eaedeni. 8vo. 
V. 1570. Franc. Sirenae Epistola ad Nic. Ormanetum. 4to, 
v. 1570. Ejusdem Epist. ad Jac. Foscarenum. 4to. 
V. 1542. Lettere volgari di diversi nobilissimi huomini. Libro primo. 8vo. 

—V. 1543. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1544. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1545. Le 

dette. 8vo ^V. 1546. Le dette. 8vo ^V. 1548. Le dette. 8to. — ^V. 

1549-50. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1551. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1553. Le dette. 

8vo.— V. 1554. Le dette. 8to.— V. 1560. Le dette. 8vo. 
V. 1545. Le dette, Libro secondo. 8to. 
V. 1545. Another edition, of the same date, 8vo. — ^V. 1546. Le dette. 8vo. 

—V. 1548. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1549. Le dette. 8to.— V. 1550. Le 

dette. 8vo.— V. 1551. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1553. Le dette. 8vo. — V. 

1554. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1556. Le dette. 8vo.— V. 1560. Le dette. 

8vo. 
V. 1564. Le dette. Libro primo e secondo, con la giunta d'nn terzo. 3 vols. 

8vo. — ^V. 1567. Le dette. 3 vols. 8vo. 
V. 1500. Epistole di Sancta Catharina da Siena, fol. 
v. 1548. Le dette. Fed. Torresaru). 4to. 
V. 1550-51. Lettere di P.. Bembo. Volume secondo. 8vo. 
V. 1582. Lettere facete raccolte da D. Atanagi e F. Turchi. 2 vol. 8vo. 

Fabio e Agostino Zopini. 
V. 1556. Tre libri di Lettere volgari di P. Manutio, 8vo.— V. 1560. Le 

dette, in quattro libri. 8vo. 
R. 1592. Lettere volgari di Aldo Mannucci. 4to. , 
V. 1572. Lettere familiari di A. Caro. Tomo primo. 4to. 
V. 1574. Le dette. Tomo primo. 4to. 
V. 1575. Le dette. Tomo secondo. 4to. 

HISTORY.' 

V. 1516, Sitrabode Situorbis: gr. foL 
v. 1502. Stephanus de Urbibus : gr. fol. 

V. 1518. Pomp. Mela, Julius Solinus, Antonini Itinerarium, etc. 8vo. 
V. 1590. Discorso di Cosmographia in dialogo. 8vo. 
V. 1595. Ildetto. 8vo. 

V. 1547. Isolariodi Bened. Bonlone. Fed. Torresano. fol._ 
E. 1596. Petri et Paulli Manucc. Transsilvaniae Descriptio. 4to. 
V. 1543.. Viaggi alia Tana, in Persia, etc. 8vo. 
I V. 1545. I detti. 8vo. 
V. 1576. P. Clarantis Epitome in libr. de Pasuhatis CJironologia. 4to> 



btxviil APPENDIX. 

V. TVithout date. Copies of the preceding edition. 

V. 1528 . Justinus; AemyliusProbus. 8vo. 

V. 1581. De Vitis Sanctorum ab Aloysio Lipomano scriptis, et a F. L. 
Surio emendatis et auctis, 6 vol. fol. 

V. 1591. Conversio et Passio Afrae, Hilariae, Dignae, etc. a M. Velsero-. 
4to. 

V. 1558. Ordine de Cavalieri del Tosone. 4to. 

V. 1502. Herodotus : gr. fol. 

V. 1502 . Thucydldes : gr. fol. 

v., 1560. Dion. Halicarnassei de Thucyd. Hist. Judicium: lat. 4to. 

V. 1525. Xenophontis Opera : gr. fol. 

v. 1503. Xenophontis Omissa, Hist, graeca. Gemistus, Herodianus, etc. 
gr- tol- 

V. 1503. Gemistus, Herodianus, etc. gr. fol. 

V. 1516. Pausanias : gr. fol, 

V. 1520 . Quintiiis Curtius. 8vo. 

V. 1518-19-20-21-33. Titus Livius, Florus, Polybius. 5 "ol. 8vo. 

V. 1520-21. Titus Xivius, Florus, Polybius. fol. 

V. 1555. T. Livius, cum Scholiis Sigonii,, folio.— rV. 1566 . Idem, folio. — 
V. 1571. Idem, folio. (Unquestionably the same as the following.) — ■ 
V. 1572 . Idem, folio.— V. 1591. Idem, folio. (If editions of this date 
are really extant, they are the same as that of 1592, which follows.) — 
V. 1592. Idem, folio. 

V. 1555. Car, Sigonii Fasti consulaves. fol. 
- V. 155.6. lidem, cum Commentario. fol. 

V. 1556. The same edition, with the name and marU of Giord. Zileti, folioi 

R. 1601. Aldo, Discorsi sopra Tito Livio. 8vo. . 

V. 1571. Velleius Paterculus, c. Scholiis Aldi Manutii. P. F. 8vo. 

V. 1509 . Sallustius. 8vo.— V. 1521. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1557. Idem. 8vo.— 
V. 1560. Idem. 8vo.— R.T563. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1563. Idem. 8vo.— 
V. 1564. Idem. 8vo. (A very doubtful edition.) — V. 1567. Sailustiusi 
8vo.— V. 1573. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1577. Idem. 8vo.— V. 1588. Idem. 
8w). 

v. 1545. Appiano Alessandrino, trad, da Aless. Braccio. 3 parts. 8vo. 

v. 1551. II detto. 3 parts, Svo.^ — ^V. 1513. J. Caesaris Commentaria. 8vo. 
—V. 1519. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 1559. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 1561. Eadem. 
8vo.— V. 1564. Eadem, cum Scholiis jyiich. Bruti. 8vo.— V. 1565. Ea- 
dem. 8vo. (A very doubtful edition.) — V. 1566. Eadem. 8vo. — V. 
1569. Eadem. Eoc Bibl. Aldina. 8vo.— V. 1570. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 
1571. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 1.575. Eadem. 8vo.— V. 1576. Eadem. 8vo'. 
(The same as. that of 1575, with a new date.) — 'V. 1588. Eadem. 8vo. 

V. 1547. Commentarii di CaiuGiutio Cesare. 8vo. — V. 1556. I detti. 8vo. 
, V. 1534. Tacitus. 4to. 

V. 1516. Suetonius, .'Vurelius Victor, Eutropius, edente Egnatio. 8vo.^V. 
1^21. lidem. 8vo, 

V. 1546. Vita di Marco Aurelio imperadore. 8vo. 

V. 1516. Historiae Romanae Scriptores, edeote Egnatio. 8vo. — V. 151^ . 
lidem. 8vo. 

V. . 1524 . Herodianns : gr. lat. 8vo. 

V. 1589. Gasp. Contarenus de Republica et Magistratibus Verietorum. 
4to. ' ■' ' . 

V. J591. Republica et Magistrati di Venetia, di Gasp. Contarini. 870. 

V. 1551. P. Bembi Historia Veneta. fol. 

V. 1547. Bern. Georgii Epitome Princip. Venetorum. 4to. 

B. 1586. Aldo Mannucci, Vita di Cosmo de' Medici, fol, 

R. 1590. Aldo Mannucci, Vita di Castruccio Castracani, 4to. 

6 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. lxx« 

V. 1572. Hieron. Rubei Historia Tlavennatensis. fol. 

R. 1565. Camillo Persio, Congiura de' Baroni contro Ferdinando. 4to. 

V. Without date. Alex. Benedict! Paeantii Diaria de bello Carolino. 4to. 

V. 1575. Vita di Carlo v, da Alf. Ulloa. 4to. 

V. 1542. Caroli V Expeditio in Africam. Franc. Torr. de Amla. 8vo. 

V. 1594. M. Velseri rerura August. Vindelic. LIbri octo. fol. fig. 

V. 1558. Historia delle cose occorse nel regno d'Inghilterra. 8vo. 

V. 1595 . Vine. Pribevo Origine et successi degU Slavi. 4to, 

V. 1539. Libri tre delle cose de Turohi. 8vo. 

V. 1541. P. Giovio, delle cose de Turchi. Gambini Vita di Scanderberg, 

8vo. 
V. 1502. La Vita et Sito de' Zichi. 8vo.— V. 1502. The same in Gothic 

Letters. 8vo. 
V. 1571. Rio. Streinnius de Gentibus et Familiis Romanorum. 4to. 
V, 1591. R, Streinnius de Gentibus et Familiis Romanorum. 8vo. 
V. 1565. Jac. Taurelli exquisitior Patronymia. 4to. 
V. 1590. M. Velseri. Inscriptiones antiquae Aug. Vindelic. 4to. 
V. 1591. Fragmenta Tabulae antiquae ex Peutingerorum Bibliotbec^ 

4to. figl en bois. 
V. 1560. Aeneae Vici Comment, in Imper. Rom. numismata. fie;. 
V. 1562. Idem. 4to. fig. 
V. 155S. Augustarum Imagines et Vitae, ab Aenea Vico. 4to. fig. 

V. 1522. G. Budaeus de Asse. 4to. 

V. 1557 . P. Manutii Antiq. Rom. Liber de Legibus, folio. — V. 1557. Ejus-, 
dem altera editio, paulo auctior, folio. — V. 1559. Idem, cum ^ndice, 
8vo.— V. 1569. Idem. 8vo. 

V. 1581. Antiq. Roman. Paulli Manuccii Liber de Senatu, 4to. 

R. 1585. Antiq. Roman. Paulli Manuccii Liber de Clvitate Komana. 4to> 

£. 1585. P. Manutius de Comitiis Romanorum. fol. 

V. 1573. Luc. Paetus de Mensuris et Ponderibus Romanorum. fol. fig. 

V. 1573. Idem. 4to. fig. 

V. 1576- Aldus, de Quaesitis per Epistolam. 8vo. 

V. fVithout date. Aldo Manuccio Illustratione di un lapide di Gordiano. 4to. 

V. Without date. Academiae Aldinae Lex : graece. A single leaf, folio. 

R. 1562. Matih. Curtius de Prandio. 4to. 
■R. 1566. Idem. 8vo. 

V. 1498. Catalogus librorum ab Aldo impressorum. folio. 

V. 1503. Secundus ejusdem Catalogus. fol. 

V. 1513. Tertius ejusdem Catalogus longe auctior. fol. 

V. 1563. Index librorum qui in Aldinaoffioina impressi sunt. 4to. 

V. 1503. Aldi Monitum in Lugdunenses typographos. fol. 

V. Without date. Academiae Aldinae Lex : graece. fol. 

V. 1558. Somma delle Opere che ha da mandare in luce I'Academia Ve- 
netiana. fol. 

V. 1559. Summa librorum quos in lucem emitteL, Academia Veneta. 4to. 

V. 1557-58-59-60. Twenty-nine tracts, ^to, each containing only a ie\i 
leaves, but all relative to the Venetian Academy and its government. 
They are particularly described by Renouard, Annales de P Imprimerie 
rfei^Hes, Suppl. pp. 76-83. 

V. 1558. Indlce de' libri stampati per I'Academia Veneta. fol. 

V, 1558. Index librorum Academiae Venetae. 

V. 1558. Opere che ha I'Academia Venetiana inviate alia Fiera di Franc* 
fort. 

R, 1564. Index librorum prohibitorum. 4to. 

R. 1564. Another edition, of the same date, 4to. 

V. 1564. Idem. 8vo. 

V» 1519. Plutarchi Parallela : gr. fol. 



Ixxx 



APPENDIX. 



3. V. ] j01-2-4. Philostratus de Vita Apolloni! Tyanei : gr. &f. folio. 
B V. 1523. P- Alcyonii Medices Legatus de Exsilio. 4to. 
3 V. 1502. Valerius Maximus. 8vo. — V. 15I4 . Idem.Svo.^V. 1534. Idem.Svo. 



In this very contracted Catalogue we see at once what books engaged, 
for 104 entire years, the favourite attentions and labours of these able 
printers. It is impossible to remark withont astonishment the truly ex- 
traordinary number of editions, executed by thcni, of the different works 
of Cicero. As many as 17 editions of Terence will be observed, but only 
two of Sallust, whose histories were not at that time so much esteemed 
as they deserved, and as they have subsequently been. The observant 
and philosophical man of literature will notice in the preceding list some-, 
thing more than a mere bookseller's Catalogue : it will, in fact, exhibit to 
him a faithful view of the kind of books, which were generally preferred 
by the most learned men of the 16th century. 

Protracted as this article has unavoidably been, we cannot terminate 
the present notice, without adverting to the counterfeit editions, or clan- 
destine reprints of many of the Aldine Classics and other works, executed 
by the Lyonnese Printers. The small editions in 8vo, the idea of which, 
was first conceived by the elder Aldus, were too happy an innovation, not 
to be immediately followed by those clever speculators. No sooner there- 
fore had he published his first 8vo editions, at Venice, than they were 
reprinted at Lyons in the same size, with a tolerable Italic type for that 
time, and on tolerable paper; but these pirated editions were miserably 
incorrect. Neither date, nor name of place or printers, was afiixed to. 
these books, the first sheet of which presented Aldus's name and preface. 
Id vain did the latter complain of these fraudulent transactions and point 
out the differences between his genuine and the Lyonnese surreptitious 
editions. ThcT Lyonnese and other printers adopted his corrections, and 
thus rendered their books more perfect. The following are the authors, 
whose works were thus surreptitiously printed, between the years 1501 
and 1526. 



Mianus, cum Vegetio, 1523. 

Aristoteles, Latine, absque anno. 

Aulus Gellius, 1512. 

J. Csesar, 1508, 1512. 

Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, als- 
que anno, but in 1513. 

Ciceronis Epistols Familiares, abs- 
que anno, 

Orationes, 1508. 

Cosmus Hierosolymitanus, absque 
anno. 

Dante, (2 editions) no date. 

Epistolse Obscurorum Virorum, abs- 
que anno. 

Eurlpidis Hecuba et Iphigenia in 
Aulide, Latine, ah Erasmo, abs- 
que anno. 

Florus, cum Justine, 1510. 

Frontinus, cum Vitruvio, 1523. 

cum Vegetio, 1523. 

Gauricus, 1526. 

Horatius, 1511, 1518, absque anno. 

Joannes Damascenus, absque anno. 



Justinus, absque anno, 

Juvenalis et Persius, absque anno, 

1515, 1521. 
Lucanus, absque anno, 
Marcus Episcopus, absque anno. 
Martialis, absque anno, 1518. 
Modestus cum Vegetio, 1523. 
Ovidins, absque anno, 
Petrarca, senz' anno. 
Philostratus, absque anno, 
Plautus, 1513. 
Plinii Hist. Nat. 1510. 
Pomponius Mela cum Vegetio ct 

Vibio Seqnestri, absque anno. 
Pontanus (J. Jovius), 1514, absque 

anno. 
Prosper, absque anno. 
Prudentius, absque anno. 
Quintilianus, 1510, 1518. 
Rupes Sextus, cum Justino, 1510. 
Sallustius, 1504. 
Silius Italicus, 1513. 
Strozzii Poetse, absque anno. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PBINTERS. Ixxxi 



Snetonins, 1508, 1520; 

Terentius, absque anno, 1523. 

Theophanes, cum Prudentio, abs- 
que anno. 

Theopbrastus, Latine, absque anno. 

Valerius Maxinaus, absque anno, 
1508, 1512. 
IVI. Renouard has given interestini 



V^etius, 1523. — Cum Pomp. Mela, 

&c. absque anno. 
P. Victor cum Jastino, 1510. 
Virgilius, absque anno. 
Vitruvius, 1523. 
Xenophon, Latine, absque anno. 

details relative to these counterfeits 



of the Aldine Editions. Consult his .^Mnafej, torn, ii; pp.191 — 211, and 
Supplement, pp. 85 — Si. 



V. SEDAN EDITIONS. 

(Rtferred to, page 341.^ 

These _ editions were executed by John Jannon, a celebrated 
printer at Sedan, in the 17th century: they are highly valued, and 
in much request on account of the smallness and neatness of the 
type; which has thence been termed Sedanoise, arid corresponds 
with our Diamond type. The Sedan editions most known, are 

ViHGiLii Opera, ad Jac. Pontani Castjgationes excnsa. 1625. 32mo. 

Brought 4Z. 14s. 6r/. at Dr. Heath's sale. (No. 3964.) 
HoRATii Opera, ex recensione Petri Nannii. 1621. SSmo. — Sold for the 

same sum, at the same time. (No. 4010.) 
Novum Tesiamentum, graece. 1628. 32mo.'— Sold for 1/. 10& at Dr. 

Heath's sale. (No. 443,) 
La Sainte Bible (the Geneva Version). 1633. 2 vols. 12mo. 

The Sedan editions are remarkably correct; but copies in <iae condi- 
tion are not often to be obtained. Tliey are frequently either stained, or 
cut down in binding. 



VI. ELZEVIR EDITIONS. 

, . (Referred to, page Six.) 

Out df twelve printers of the, family of Elzevir, who exercised 
their art b Holland in the course of the 17th century, seven have 
distinguished themselves by the number and beauty of their editions, 
viz.: — 

1. Louis Elzevib, atLeyden: he printed from 1595 to 1616, and was 
the first who distinguished the vowels u and i from the consonants v 
and J. The round' 17, and J with a tail, were introduced among the 
capital^by Lazarus Zetner, a printer of Strasburg, in 1619. Louis 
Elzevir was succeeded by 

3. Isaac, who priiiied at Leyden from 1617 to 1628. 

3 4. BoNAVENTURE and Abraham Er.zEViR, b/^others and partners, printed 

' atLeyden, fom 1626 to 1652, in whicfi year they died.. To them 

we owe the pretty 12mo editions of the Glassies, and the collection of 

authors who have written the histories of almost every state m the 

world, which collection is sometimes added to the pollection of 

5. JoaM, the son of Abraham Elzevir, prinfed in partnership with Daniel, 



Ixxxii 



APPENDIX. 



at I-eyden, in 1652, 1653, and 1654, and afterwards alone from 1655! 
to 1661. 

6. Louis lir (the son of Isaac) printed at .\msterdam, alone, from 1640 to 

1655, and after that year in partnership with Daniel, until July 1662, 
when the former died. 

7. Daniel, the son of Bonaventure, havSig prirrted first at Leyden, in 

partnership with John from 1652 to 1654, and afterwards at Amster- 
dam in partnership with Louis from 1655 to 1662, continued to carry 
on business alone from the last mentioned year, until his death, Sept: 
13th, 1680. His widow printed only a short time longer. 
The Elzevir editions have long and deservedly been esteemed for the 
clearness, delicacy, and perfect eq^uality of , the characters, for their close 
position together on a solid and very white paper, 'and the excellence of the 
press -work. The following is 

' /^ ■ A CAtALOGtJE . ■ 

Cf the Oriek, Latin; oM Wrench Authors, 

Executed by'this learned family T)f Printers. 
' "In 12mo. 



Augustihi (S.) Confessionum libri. 

Lugd. Bat. 1675, 1 vol. , 
Auli-Gellil . Nofctes Atticae. Amst. 

1651, 1 vol. 
Barclaii (Jo.) Satj^ricon. Lugd. Bat. 

1637, 1 vol. 

— Ejusd. Argenis. Lugd. Bat. 1630, 
1 vol. 

Bassompierre : ses Memoires. Co- 
logne ( HoUande), 1665, 3 vol. 

Bassompierre : ses Ambassades. Co- 
logne (Hollande), 1668, 2 vol. 

Baudii (Dominici) Amores. Amst. 
1638, 1 vol. 

Boecaeio. (Giov.) 11 Decaraefone. 
(Amst.) 1665, 1 vol. , 

Bonarelli. La Filli di Sciro,_favqla 
pastorale. Amst. 1678, 24to. fig. 

Buchanani (Georgii) Poemata. Lugd. 
fiatav. 1628, 34to. 

Caesaris (Caii Jul.) Comment aria, 
Lngd. Bat, 1635, 1 vol. 

Celsi'(Corn.) de Medicind libri viij. 
Lugd. Bat. 1657, 1 vol. , 

Charron. (Pierre) De la Sagcsse, 
trois livres. Leyden, without 
date, 1 vol. 

— The same, tfeyden, 1646, 1 vol. 
'— The same. Leyden , 1 §56, 1 vol. 
— ^ The same. Amst. 1 662 ," 1vol. 
Ciceronis, Opera. Lugd. Bat. 1642, 

lO-vol. ■ ' ■■ '■ ■' 



Claudiani (CI.) Opera. Lugd. Eat. 
1650, 1 vol. 

Commines: (Philippe de) ses Me- 
moires. Leyde, 1648, 1 vol. 

Conciones et Orationes ex historifcis 
latinis excerptae. Amst. 1649, I 
vol. I 

— Idem opus. Amst. 1663 vel 1673, 
1 vol. 

CQrtii Rufi (Quiiiti) Historiae. Lugd. 
Batav. 1633, ,1vol. 

bavidisPsalterJum. Lusrd. Bat. 1653, 
1 vol. 

Erasmi (Desiderii) Adagiorum Epi- 
tome. Amst. 1650, 1 vol.' J 

Erasmi'GoUoquia. Lugd. 33at. 1636, 

l^V(>la . , 

Flori (L. Annaei) Historia lomana. 

Lugd. Bat. 1638, 1vol. 
Grbtii (Hug.) OpuS de Veritate Re- 

ligionis Cjhristiahee. Lugd. Bat. 

1662, l,vol. 
Guaririi. (Batt.) II Pastor Fido. 

Amst. 1678, 24to. fig. 
Heinsii (Dan.) et Jo. Rutgersii 

Po,emala varia. Lugd. Bat. 1 653, 

1 vol. 
Hobbes. (Th.) Elementa philiosophica 

de Cive. Apist- 1647 vel 1650 vel 

1660 vel 1669, 1 vol., ' 
Hobbes. Le Corps politique, ou 

Elements de la' Idi morale et 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixxxiii 



civile, trad, en franp. par S. Sor- 
bifere. Leyde, 1652, 1 vol. 
Horatii Flacci Opera, tugd. Bat. 
1629, 3 torn. 1 vol. 

— Eadem. Amst. 1676, 1 vol. 
Justini Historiarum ex Trogo Potn- 

peiolib. xliv. Lugd. Bat. 1640, 1 

vol. 
Justiniani imperat. Institiitionum 

lib.iv. Amst. 1676, 24to. 
Kempis (Thomge a) de Imitatione 

JesuChristi lib. iv. Lugd.' Bat. 

sine anuo, 1 vol. 
Laiis Asini, ei^ente D. Heinsio. 

Lugd. Batstv. 1629, 24to. 
Livii (Titi) Historiae. Lugd. Bat. 

1 634, 3 vol. vel ,1645, 1 vql. 

— Esdein. Amst. 1673,1, vol. 
Lucain. La Pharsale, , trad.' du lat. 

qh vers franj. par Bribenf. Leyde 

1658, 1 vol. 
Mahomet, L' Alcoran, trad, en fran9. 

par du Ryer; La Haye, 1 6S5, 1 vol. 
jMavino. (Giov. Batt.) L'Adone. In 

Amst, 1.678, 4 vol. 24tCk fig. 
Menagii (iEgidii) Poemata. Amst. 

1663,1 vol. 
Moynei (Pierre le) La Galerie dss 

Femmes fortes. Leyde, 1660,1 vol. 
Nostradamus : ses vraies Centuries 

et Propbeties. Amst. 1668, 1 vol. 
Ovidii Nasonis(Publii) Opera. Lugd, 
• Batav. 1629,3 vol. 
Owen (J.) Epigrammata. Lugff. Bat. 

1647, 24to. 
Patephatus de Incredibilibus, gr. lat . 
' Amst. 1 649, i vol. 
Pascal (Blaise) I^s Proyinciales. Co- 
logne, 1657, 1 vol. 
Paterculi (Velleiil Historia romana. 

Lugd. Bat. 1639, 1 vol. 
Perefixe (Hardouin de) Histpire de 

Henri-le-Giand. Amst. 1661, 1 vol, 
.»- The same. Amst. 1664, 1 vol. 
Flinii Secundi Historioe n^lturalis 

Of the above editions the follo-^ng are most rare and valuable : — • 

1. Casar,.l&3S. . In this genuine edition, the page which ought to 
be numbered 149, is marked ISS. — 2. Terentius, 16SS. In this 
genuine edition, page lo4tis numbered JOS, and the names of the 
Dramatis Persona are printed in red ink. a. Thomas a. Kempis 
sine anno, but which must have been executed between the years 
16S2 and 1654. The editions above enumerated form what is con- 
sidered /A« Elzevir collection: but M. Brunei has given a copious 
Jist of editions, printed in a small size by the Elzevirs, of Other 

f 2 



libri xxxvij. Lugd. Bat. 163S, 3 

vqI. 
Plinii Secundi Epistolse. Lugd. Bat. 

1640, 1 vol. 
Prudentii dementis (A.) Opera. 

Amst. 1667, 1 vol. 
Polydori Vergilii de Inventoribus 

Rerumlib. Amst. 1671, 1 vol. 
Rabelais: (Fr.) ses OEuvres (Hol- 

lande), 1663, 2 vol. 
Regnier: (Math.) ses Satires et 

autres OEuvres. Leyde, 1642, 

OU1652, 1 vol. 
Rochefoucauld ; (de la) ses Me- 

pioiies sur les Brigues a la mort 

^eLouis %lll, etc. .Cologne, 1662, 

i.voi. 

Salerne. (Eschdle de) 1651, 1 vol. 

rafe. 
Salldstii'(CaiiCrispi) Conjuratio Ca- 

tJlinEB et Bellum Jugurthiniim. 

Lugd. Bat. 1634, I v6\. 
Seneoae- (Luoii Annaei) Philosophi 
: Opera. Lugd. Bat. 1640, 3 vol. 
Senecae (L. Ann.) Tragosdi». Amst. 

1678, 16mo. 
Sulpicii Severi Historia sacra. Lugd. 

Batav. 1635, 1 vol. 
Taciti (Corn.) Opera. Lugd. Bat. 

1C34 vel 1640, 1 vol. 
Tasso. La Gerusalemme liberata. 

In Ainst. 1678, 2 vol. 24to fig. 

— L'Amiiita del med. In Amst. 
1678, 24to, fig. 

Tei-entii (Pub.) ComoeJise sex. Lugd. 

Bat: 1635, 1 vol. 
Testamentum (Novum) graecum. 

Lugd. Bat. 1624 vel 1633 vel 

.1641, 1 vol. 
Vie He Gaspar As Cbligny. Leyde, 

1643, 1 vol. 
Virgilii Maronis (Publii) Opera. 

Lugd- Bat. 1636, 1 vol. 

— Eadem. Amst. 1676, 1 vol. 



Ijcxxiv 



APPENDIX. 



authors ; which, though they do not necessarily form a part of fhij 
collection, yet may be annexed to it. See his Manuel du Libraire, 
torn. iii. pp. 372 — 377.J 



VII.— COLLECTION 

Of Authors ad Usum Delphini. 

Under this term is comprised'the collection of classic authors, on 
which commentaries were written, and editions of them were printed 
with the utmost care, for the use of the Dauphin, towards the close 
of the 1 7th and the beginning of the 1 8th century. The idea of form- 
ing such a collection originated with the Due deMontausier, govern- 
or of the Dauphin ; and the design was carried into execution 
chiefly under the direction of Huet, with some assistance from 
Bossuet. The collection forms stricdy 62 vols. But in order to 
cojnplete it, the Calliraachus of 167S must be added, as well as 
Danet's Dictionary of Roman Antiquities, which, however, is now 
superseded as a book of reference by numerous odier similar works. 
The authors and editions are as follow, all uniformly printed in 4to, 



Apuleius. (Lucius) Parisiis, 1688, 3 

vol. 
Aulus-Gellius. Parisiis, 1681, 1 vol. 
Aurelius Victor. Parisiis, 1681, 1 vol. 
Ausonius. Parisiis, 1730, I vol. 
Boetins. Parisiis, 1680, vel 1695, 1 

vol. 
Caesar. (Caius Julius) Lutetiae Pari- 

sior. 1 678, 1 vol. 
Calliraachus. Parisiis, 167.^, 1 vol. 
Catullus, TibuUus et Propertius. 

Parisiis, 1685, 3 parts, in 1 vol. 
Ciceronis (Mar. Tull.) Libri Ora- 

torii. Parisiis, 1687, 2 vol. 
Ciceronis Orationes. Parisiis, 1684, 

3 vol. 
Ciceronis Epistols ad familiares. 

Parisiis, 1685, 1 vol. 
Ciceronis Opera jphilosophica. Pari- 
siis, 1689, 1 vol. 
Claudianns. (CI.) Parisiis, 1 677, 1 vol. 
Cornelius Nepos. Parisiis, 1675, 1 vol. 
Cnrtius. (Quint.) Parisiis, 1678, 1 

vol. 
Danetii (Petri) Diction. Antiquita- 

tum romanarum. Parisiis, 1698, 

1 vol. 
Dictys Cretensis. Parisiis, 1 680, vel 

Amst. 1702, 1 vol. 
Sutropius. Parisiis, 1683 vel 1726, 

V yoi,_ 



Florus. (Luc. Ann.) Parisiis, 1 674, 

1 vol. 
Horatius Flaccus. (Quintus) Parisiis, 

1691, 2 vol. 
Justinus. Parisiis, 1677, 1 vol. 
Juvenalis (D. Jun.) et Aul. Persius. 

Lutetiae Parisior. 1684, 1 vol. 
Livius. (Titus) Parisiis, 1679, et ann. 

seqq. 5 torn, in 6 vol. 
Lucretius Carus. (Tit.) Parisiis, 

1680, 1 vol. 
Martialis. (Valerius) Parisiis, 1680 

1 vol. 
Manilius. (Mar.) Parisiis, 1 679,1 vol. 
Ovidius. (Pub.) Lugd. 1686—1689, 

4 vol. 
Panegyric! Veteres. Parisiis, 1676, 

1 vol. 
Paterculus. (Caius VelU) Parisiis. 

1675, 1 vol. 
Phaedrus. Parisiis, 1675, I vol. 
Plautus. (M. A.) Parisiis, 1679, 2 

vol. 
Plinius. (Caius) Parisiis, 1685, 5 vol. 
Pompeius Festus. (Sextus) Parisiis, 

1681 or 1692, 1 vol. 
— Idem. Amst. 1699, 1 vol, 
Prudentius. (Aur.) Parisiis, 1687, 

1 vol. 
Sallustins. (C. Crisp.) Parisiis, 1674, 

1 vol. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixxxv 



Statins. (Pub.' Pap.) Parisiis, 1685, 

.': 2 vol. 

Suetonius Tranquillus. (Caius) Pari- 
siis. 1684, 1 vol. 

Tacitus. (Corn.) Parisiis, 1683 et 
ann. seqq. 4 vol. 



Terentiusi (Pub.) Parisiis, 167.5, 1 

vol. 
Valerius Maximus, Parisiis, 16'19, 

1 vol. 
Vir^lius. (Pub.) Parisiis, 1682 vel 

1726, 2 vol. 



The rarest articles in this collection, are Slatius, 2 vols. — Ciceronis Opera 
PhilosopUca, 1 vol. — Ptauti ComceditE, 2 vols, and Prudentii Opera, 1 vol. 
Both the editions of Pompeius Festus are necessary, the edition of 1681, 
because printed at Paris, and that of Ainstei-dam, 1699, because it is the 
most coniplete. Notwithstanding the learning and labour bestowed on the 
Delphin editions, they by no means answered the expectations of the prin- 
cipal authors. The cause of this failure is thus assigned by Uuet ; who, 
speaking of the commentators employed, says : — Nonnulli vel levius quam 
putabam tincti Uteris, vel impatientes laboris, qvam mihi commmierant, .jurpec- 
tationem sui fefellerunt. The authors, which are allowed to be the best 
edited, are the Orations of Cicero^ by Charles de Merouville ; Livy, by John 
Doujat; Pliny's Natural History, by John Hardouin ; Huintus Curtius, by 
Michael le Tellier ; and Virgil, by Charles de la Rue. As complete sets 
of the Delphin Classics are extremely rare, they always fetch large sums 
when offered for sale. At the disposal of M. Mel de Saint Ceran's library 
in 1780, they produced 3599 livres ; at that of the celebrated Count Mira- 
beau, in 1792, 3250 livres. The Duke of Norfolk gave 504/. for a fine set 
at the sale of the Duke of Eoxburgbe's library. Proposals were lately 
issued for a splendid 4to edition of the Delphin Classics, to be printed at 
X/)ridon, under the patronage of H. R. H. the Prince Regent, to be deno- 
minated The Regent's Edition. The price to be subscribed was 31. Ss. per 
vol. : we believe the work has not yet been proceeded with '. 



VIII.— CATALOGUE 

Of the Antient Latin Authors, 

Edited by Maittaire. 

AH in 12mo. 



Cassar. Lond. 1716, 1 vol. 
Catullus, Tibullus et Fropertius. 

Ibid. 1715, 1 vol. 
Curtius. Ibid. 1716, 1 vol. 
Florus. Ibid. 1715, 1 vol. 
Homerus. Ibid. 1723, 2 vol. 
Horatius. Ibid. 1715, 1 vol. 
Justinus. Ibid. 1713, 1 vol. 
Javenalis. Ibid. 1716, 1 vol. 
Livius. (Titus) Ibid. 1722, 6 vol. 
Lucanus. Ibid. 1719, 1 vol. 
Lucretius. Ibid. 1713, 1 vol. 
Martialis. Ibid. 1716, 1 vol. 



Nepos. (Corn.) Ibid. 1715, 1 vol. 
Ovidius. Ibid. 1715, 3 vol. 
Paterculus. Ibid. 1713, 1 voU 
PhEedros. Ibid. 1713, 1 vol. 
Plautus. Ibid. 1711, 2 vol. 
Plinii Epistolae etPaneg. Ibid. 1722, 

1 vol.- 
Sallustius. Ibid. 1713, 1 vol. 
Sophocles. Ibid. 1727, 2 vol. 
Terentius. Ibid. 1713, 1 vol. 
Testamentum graecum. (Nov.) Ibid. 

1714 or 1739, 1 vol. 
Virgilius. Ibid. 1715, 1 vol. 



' The editiones cum notis Variorum et Diversorum, 8vo and 4to, whiA 
are usually found in bibliographical works, are here omitted ; as they may 
be seen in Dibdin's Intr. to Classics, vol. ii. pp. 424 — 438, in Brunet's Sup- 
plement to Caillean's Diet. Bibliographique, pp. 458—496, and particularly 
in his Mcfupel, torn. iii. pp. 378 — 389. 



xxxvi 



APPENDIX. 



The New Testament is included in the above collection, because supef' 
intended by Maittaire. The Livy of 1722 is also added, on account of its 
copious index ; which, though ascribed to Maittaire, was not executed by 
him. The neatness of the type, the correctness of the text, and above all 
the very copious and excelletit indices which accompany it, have conferred 
the highest celebrity on Maittaire's Classics, which were all published by 
Tonson and Watts, and when complete, form 27 vols. 12mo. The Iliad 
of Homer, Plautus, and Sophocles, which (being published by the same 
booksellers) are by some bibliograpliers added to,this collection, form no 
part of it. Maittaire publicly disavowed the Sophocles. Large paper 
copies of his Classics are extremely rare and dear. 



IX.— COMININE EDITIONS 
Published at Padua, in 4io and 8vo. 



Boetius. I'atavii, 1721-1744', 8vo. 

Catullus. Ibid. 1737, 4to. 

— PJpithalamium, cum. ital. vers. 

Parisotti. Ibid. 1731, 8vo. 
Celsus. (Corn.) Ibid. 1722-1751, 12 

vol. 8vo. 
Cornelius Nepos. Ibid. 1720. 21-27- 

31-33, 8vo. 
S. Gaudentii et alioi'. Sermones. 

Ibid. 1720, 4to. 
Lucilins. Ibid. 1735, 8vo. 
Lucretius. Ibid. 1721-1751, 8vo. 



Macrobius. Ibid. 1736, 8vo. 
Manilius. Ibid. 1743, 8vo. 
Plautus. Ibid. 1722-1764, 2 voI.Svo. 
Propertius. Ibid. 1755, 2 vol. 4to. 
I'ubllus Syrus. Ibid. 1740, 8vo. 
Quintilianus. Ibid. 1736, 2 vol. 8vo. 
Sallustius. Ibid. 1722, 8vo. 
Tacitus, cum ital. vers. Davanzati* 

Ibid. 17.«, 4to, 
TibuUus, Ibid. 1749, 4to. 
Valerius Flaccus. Ibid. 1720, 8vo. 
Virgilius. Ibid. 1738, 8vo. 



Joseph Comino, from whom the preceding are usually termed Cominian 
or Cominine editions, was a celebrated printer at Padua, in the iSth cen- 
tury : his ability in the typographic art procured him the direction of 
the famous Cominine printing-office, established there in 1717by thelearned 
brothers Gaetano and Giov. Antonio Volpi. These defrayed the expences 
of the Cominineprintingoffice, and by tlieirlearned labours raised itscharacter 
to a high rank among the literati of Europe. The Cominine editions are dis- 
tinguished for the correctness of the text, the excellence of the notes with 
which most of thein are illustrated, the neatness of the type, beauty of the 
paper, and the neatness of the presswork. They are consequently in great 
request and very dear. 



X.--LIST OF THE LATIN AUTHORS, 

PRINTED AT LONDON, 

By J. BRINDLEY— ^H in 18ra«. 



Caesar. 1744, 2 vol. 
Catullus, Tibu'llus et Propertius. 
1749,1vol. 

8 



Cornelius Nepos. 1744, 1 vol. 
Curtius. (Quintus) 1746, 2 vol. 
Horatius Flaccus. 1744, 1 vol. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. Ixxxvii 



Juvenalis (D. J.) et A. Persii Flacci 

Satyras. 1744, ] vol, 
Lucaaus. (Marc. Ann.) HSl, 2 vol. 
Lucretius. 1749, 1 vol. 
Ovidius. 1745, 5 vol.' 
Phiedrus. 1750, 1 vol. 



Salliistius Crispus. (Cains) 1744, 

1 vol. 
Tacitus. (Corn.) 1760, 4 vol. 
Terentias. (Pub.) 1744, 1 vol. 
Virgilius Maro. (Pub.) 1744, 1 vol. 



These editions are very neat : but fomplaints have been frequently (and 
certainly with some reason) made, that the type is so fine, as to fatigue 
the eye m reading. Brindley's editipns therefore are not in very great 
request. 



XI,— CLASSIC AUTHORS, 

PUBLISHED BY 

MM. COUTELIER and BARBOU. 

The idea of forming this collection was first conceived about the 
middle of the last century, by M. Lenglet Dufresnoy, with a view of 
substituting them for the Elzevir Editions, which were then becom- 
ing rare. The undertaking was commenced by Coutelier and some 
otlier printers, wlu) published many beautiful editions of the Latin 
classics, several of which were edited by M. E. A. Philippe de 
Pretot. Barbou having purchased their stock, made it the basis of 
the fine collection of which we are about to give an account, and 
added numerous other authors to jt. The editions are uniformly in 
12mo. For most of the brief critical notices subjoined, we are in- 
debted to M. Brunet. 



Ccesaris Opera. 1755, 2 vols. 12mo. 

The first Latin author printed 
by Barbou. 
Catullus, Tibullus, et Properiius. — 

1754. 
Ciceronis Opera. 1768, 1.4 vols. 

A remarkably correct and beau- 
tiful edition : it was edited by M. 
Lallemand. 
Cornelius H epos. 1767. 

The edition of 1748, which was 
printed by Simon, is preferable. 
Evtropius. 1754. 

The same edition as that of 
Delatour in 1746 : it has only a 
new title-page and frontispiece. 
The reprint of 1793 is less beautiful, 
but contains the addition of Aurelius 
Victor. 
Quintus Horatius Flacms, 1775. 

This edition was superintended 
by M. Lallemand, and is preferable 



to that of Valart, published in 

1763. 

Justimis. 1770. 

Juvenalis et Persius. 1754. 

The same edition as that of 
1747. The edition of 1775 is 
equally good. 
Titus Livius. 1775. 

One of the best edited classics 
of this collection. 
M. AnucBUs Lucanus. 1767. 
Titus Lucretius Cams, 1754. 
Martialis Epigrammata. 1754, 2 vols. 
Publius OMius Naso. 1762j 3 vols. 

1793, 3 vols. 
VeUeius Patereulus, 1777. — Floras, 
1776, 2 tomes in one vol. 

VeUeius Patereulus was sepa- 
rately printed in 1746 j and the 
same edition was republished, with 
a new title, in 1754. ' " 

Phadti Fabida, 1754. 



Ixxxviii 



APPENDIX. 



The same as the edition of 
17S3. Another edition, cum svp- 
plemends Gabr. Brotier, was pub- 
Kshed in 1783. 

Plauti Camadiip. 1759. 3 vols. 
Pliaii Hist. Naturalis. 1779, 6 vols. 
P/mJi^jpistote. 1769.Keprintedl788. 

These editions of Plautus and 
Pliny Junior are greatly admired for 
their beauty and correctness, 
Quinlus Curiius. 1757. 
Sallustius. 1 754. 

The same edition as that of 
1744: the reprints of 1761 and 
1774 are equally good. 



Selecta Seneca Phibiopii Opera.— 

1761 or 1790. 
Cornelius Tacitus. 1760, 3 vols, 

Dr. Harwood pronounces this 
to be " one of the most beautiful 
and correct of all Garbou's classics." 
It was edited by M. Lallemand. The 
reprint of 1793 is less beautiful. 
Publius Terentius Afer. Le Loup, 

1753, 2 vols. 
P. Firgilius Maro, 1754, 3 vols. 

The same edition as that of 
Coutelier, in 1745. 
■ , 1767, 2 vols. XX. 



— 1790, 2 vols., a good edition. 



To complete the series of the Barbou editions, the following should 
be added : 



Novum Jesu Christi Testamentum — 

1767, or 1785. 
Amcenitates Poeticce. 1757, or 1779. 
The second edition is the most 
complete. 
F. Jos. Desbilhns Fabule. 1759, 

1769, 1778. 
The last edition is the most 
complete. 
Erasmi Encomium Morice. — Thomae 

Mori Utopia, 1777, 2 tomes in 

1 vol. 
Th. d Kempis De Imitatione Christi, 

Jib. IV. recens. Valart, 1758, 

1764, or 1773. 

The edition by M. Beauzee, 
1789, is preferable to either of the 
preceding. A French version of the 
Imitation was published by M. Va- 
lart, 1759, or 1780: but Beauzee's 
translation, 1789, or 1801, is equal- 
ly good, 
Jac. Masenii Sarcotis, et Caroli V. 

imperatoris Panegyris, &c. 1757, 

or 1771. 
Math. Casimir Sarbievii. Carmina, 

1759. 
This edition is preferable to that 
of 1791. 



Jac. VanierU Praedium Rusticum. 

1786. 
This edition contains a life of 
Vaniere, which does not appear in 
that of 1774 in small 8vo. 
Meursii (Nich. Chorier) Elegantis 

Latlni Sermonis. 1757, 2 tom. 
Tablettes Geographiques pour I'intel- 

ligence des bistoriens et des poetes 

Latins (par Philippe de Pretot). 

Paris, 1755, 2 vols, 12mo. 
This last work, though not 
usually reckoned as one of the Bar- 
bou .series, ought to enter into it, 
being printed in the same style and 
form as the rest of this collection. 
This is announce^ in the author's 
prefatory letter, which is followed 
by a brief notice of such maps as are 
most necessary for the study of geo- 
graphy, together with the authors' 
names. The Tablettes Geographiques 
treat of all the names of places men- 
tioned in the historians and poets, 
whose works form the Barbou col- 
lection, (Peignot, Rep. Bibl. Univ. 
p. 237). 



XII,— ROMAN CLASSICS 

PUBLISHED BY 

MESSRS. HAUDE AND SPENER, AT BERLIN. 

This series of the Roman Classics was commenced with the same 
4esigD, and nearly on the same scale, as the editions of Coutelier and 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS, kxxix 



Barbou : circumstances^ however, appear to have been unfavourable 
to its execution, as no more than thirty-three volumes have been pnb- 
lished, in small 8vo, betweei). the years 1748 and 1772. The works are 
neatly and correctly printed, and consist of the following authors, 
edited by J. P. Miller. 



M. Tiillius Cicero. 1748, 4 vols. 

■ (Opera Rhetorica & Orationes.) 
M. t. Cicero. 1772, 4 vols. 
(Opera Fhilosophica.) 
" L. Annseus Florus. 1750. 
Quintus Horatius Flaccus. 1761. 
J-iistinus. 1748. 
Jnvenalis et Persius. 1749. 
P. Ovidius Naso. 1757, 4 vols. 
Phsedrus. 1753. 

M. Accius Plautus. 1755, 3 vols. 
CVPlinius Secundus. 17G6, 5 vols. 
Quintus Curtius. 1770. 



C. Crispus Sallustius, et Julius Ex. 
Superantius (de Marli, Lepidi, et 
Sertorii bellis civilibus). 1751. 

C. Suetonius TranqulUus. 1762. 

C. Cornelius Tacitus. 1770. 

P. Terentias. 1749. 

Valerius Maximus. 1753. 

C. Velleius Paterculus. 1756. 

P. Virgilius Maro. 1753. 

To these should be added, 

Polyffini Stratagemata, Gr. Lat. 
(edente Mursinna). 1756, 8vo. 



XIII.— EDITIONS OF THE CLASSICS 

EXECUTED BY 

ROBERT AND ANDREW FOULIS, AT GLASGOW. 

Of the early life of these eminent printed, nothing certain is known. 
Robert printed his first work in 1740, and, in conjunction with his 
brother, brought out numerous editions between that period and 1774, 
when the latter died : Robert died in 1776. Elegance and correct 
ness in an eminent degree characterize their various publications ; 
some of which may justly challenge competition with those of Bar- 
bou and Bodoni. The following are the principal classics edited by 
them: 

^schylus. 1746, 4to. et 12mo. 

Anacreon. 1751, 1757, 12mo. 

Marcus Antoniuus. 1744, 1751. 

Aristotelis Poetica. 1745, 12mo. 
With Goulston's Latin version. 

Callimachus. 1755, folio. 
A splendid work. 

M. Tiillius Cicero. 1749, 30 vols. 

Cornelius Nepos. 1749, 1761, 
1777. 

Demetrius thalereus, Gr. Lat. 
1743, 4to. 

Epicteti Enchiridion, Cebetis Tabu- 
la, Prodici Hercules, et Cleanthis 
Hymnus. Gr. Lat. 1744, 12mo. 

Ench. et Cebetis Tabula. 

J747, 12mo. The same with the 



addition of Theophrastus's Cha- 
racters. 1748. 1758, 12mo. 

Euclidis Elementa, cura Simson. 
1756, 4to.; 1763, 8vd. 

Herodotus, Gr. Lat. 1761, 9 vols. 
13mo. 

Homeri Opera, Gr. 1756 — 58, 
4 vols, folio. 
One of the most splendid and 

correct productions of the Foulis 

press. 

Homeri Ilias, Gr. 1747, 2 vols. 
4to. 1778. 2 vols, 12mo. 

Horatii Opera, 1744, 12!no. 

An immaculate edition : the 

sheets, it is well known, were hung 

up in the college of Glasgow, as they 



xc 



APPENDIX. 



were printed j and a reward offered 
for every inaccuracy that might be 
detected. The reprints of 1750, and 
1760, 4to, and of 1745, 1746, 1750, 
and 1760, in 12mo, are compara- 
tively of little value. 
Juvenalis et tersius. 1746, 1750. 
Longinus, Gr. Lat. 1751, 12mo.; 

176.3, 4to. 
Lucanus, 1751, 12mo. 
Lucretius. 1759, 4to. et 12mo. 
Martialis Epigrammata. 1759, 8vo. 

Not in much request. 
Phffidrus. 1752, 1761, 12mo. 
Pindarus. 1744, 12mo. 

One ofithe most accurate of the 
Glasgow editions. Those of 1754 
and 1770 are less correct, though 
very beautiful books. 
Plautus. 1763, 3to1s. 12mo. 
Plinii Epistoloe et Panegyricus. 

1751, 4to. et 12njo. 
Plutarchus de audiendis Poetis, Gr. 

Lat. 1753, 12mo. 
Sallustius. 1749, 1751, and 1777. 
Sophoclls Tragoediae, Gr. Lat. 1745, 

2 vols. 8vo. 
Tacitus. 1753, 4 vols. 12mo. 
• 



Tere»tius. 1742, 9 vol?. 12mo. 
Thucydides, Gr. Lat. 1759, 8 vols. 

12mo. 
Virgilius. 1758, 12n:io; 1778, folio. 
Xenophontis Hist. Gr»c. Gr. Lat. 

1767, 12mo, 4 vols. 
Hiero, Gr. Lat. 1748, 



8vo. 
Agesilaus, Gr. Lat. 

1748, 1762, 12mo. 
To the above is usually added 
the beautiful edition of the Gr. Test. 
Printed by Urie, at Glasgow, 1750, 
8vo. A descendant of the eminent 
printers, whose editions are above 
given, still exercises their art at 
Glasgow, and has produced some 
beautiful and correct books ; parti- 
cularly .ffischyUis (Porsoni), 1795, 
folio, and 1806, 2 vols. 8vo. See 
Dibdiu on the classics, vol. i. p. 132. 
Euripides, ex recensione Musgravii, 
1797, 10 vols. 12mo. ; Lucan, 1785, 
12mo. ; Phtedrus, 1783, 12mo.; and 
Virgil, 1784. Some account of Ro- 
bert and Andrew Foulis may be 
seen in Mr. Chalmers's Biog. Diet, 
vol. XV. pp. 2 — 4. 



XIV.— EDITIONS OF CLASSICS 



EXECUTED 



BY BASKERVILLE, AT BIRMINGHAM. 

John Baseerville, the beauty of whose editions have commanded and 
received universal admiration, was born at Wolverley, in Worcestershire, 
in 1706. In the year 1726, he kept a writing-school at Birmingham; 
but in 1745, he engaged in the japanning business, and became possessed 
of considerable property. His inclination for letters induced him to turn 
his attention towards the press : " he spent many years in the uncertain 
pursuit, sunk 600/. before he could produce one letter to please himself, 
and some thousands before the shallow stream of profit began to flow." 
At length the productions of his press grew into esteem. Baskerville died 
in 1775: and four years afterwards, his types (of which hq had in 1765 
unsuccessfully endeavoured to dispose in France) were purchased by a 
literary society at Paris, and were afterwards employed on a splendid edi- 
tion of Voltaire's Works. (Chalmers's Biog. Diet vol. iv. pp. 107, 108.) 

" The typography of Baskerville,'? Mr. Dibdin remarks, " is eminently 
beautiful : — his letters are in general of a slender and delicate form, cal- 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. xci 



eulated for an octavo or even quarto, but not sufficiently bold to fill the 
apace of an imperial folio, as is evident from a view of his great bible. 
He united, in a singularly happy manner, the elegance of Plantin, with 
the clearness of the Elzevirs ; his 4to and 12mo "Virgil, and small prayer- 
book, or 12mo Horace of 1762, sufficiently con6rm the truth of this re- 
mark. He seems to have been extremely curious in the choice of ihii 
paper and ink ; the former being in general the fruit of Dutch manufacture, 
and the latter partaking of a peculiarly soft lustre bordering upon purple. 
In his Italic letter, whether capital or small, he stands unrivalled : such 
elegance, freedom, and perfect symmetry, being in vaiu to be looked 
for, among the specimens of Aldus and Colinsus." Oibdin on the Clas- 
sics, vol. ii. p. 336. 



1)1 Quarto, 
Catullus, Tibullus, et Fropertms, — ■ 

1172. 
Suinius Herratius Flaccus. 1770. 

The rarest of all Baskerville's 
editions. 

Juiicnalis et Persius. 17C1. 
Lucretius. 1772. 
Sallustius. 1773. 
Terentius. 1772. 
p. VirgUius Man. 1757. 

The earliest production of Bas- 
kerville's press, and the most cele- 
brated of all his editions, fie re- 
printed it under the same date, but 
the reprint is held in but little esti- 
mation. The following are the cri- 
teria by which to ascertain the first 
original edition : the title' of the 
fourth eclogue, Pollio, is printed 
rather irregularly or obliquely, and 
the page which should be regularly 
numbered 224 is printed 424. In 
p. 342 of the same edition, the title 
of the tenth book is Liber Decimus. 
.^neidos, instead of JEneidos Liber 
Decimus .• a similar transposition 
occurs at the beginning of the 
eleventh book ; neither of these 
errata are to be found in the reprint. 
The latter, indeed, seems to have been 
executed in a very careless manner; 
for verse 457 of the ^neid, lib. ii. 
^d soceroe, et avo puerum Astyanacta 
trahebat, which ought to form the 
first line of page 144, is 



omitted. Brunei, Manuel, torn, ii, 
p. 646 ; Dibdin on Classics, vol. ii. 
p. 337. — To the 4to series of Bas- 
kerville's classics is usually added 
iVboum Tsstamentum, Greece. Oxonii, 
1763. 

In Octavo. 
Catullus, Tibullus, et Propertius. 

1772. 
Horatius. 1762, 12mo. 

Dr. Harwood has pronounced 
this to be the most correct of all 
Beiskerville's editious of the classics : 
every sheet of it was carefully re- 
vised by the late Mr. Livie, who was 
an elegant scholar. 
Lucretius. 1773. 
Sallustius, et Florus. 1774. 
Terentius. 1772. 
Virgiliui. 1766. 

Among Baskerville's English 
editions are. Bishop Newton's edi- 
tion of IVIilton's poetical works, 
1759, 2 vols. 8vo. The book of 
Common Prayer, 1760, 1762 (two 
editions), 8vo.; Dodsley's select 
Fables of jEsop, 1761, 8vo. ; Con- 
greve's works, l'?61, 3 vols. 8vo. ; the 
Bible, folio ; Addison's works, 4 vote. 
4to. ; and Dr. Jennings's Introduc- 
tion to the Knowledge of Medals, 
8yo.s all in J 763. The last pro- 
duction of his press was an edition 
of Orlando Furioso, in Italian, 4 vols, 
royal 8va, and 4to. 



xcii APPENDIX. 

XV.— NOTICE OF THE BIPONTINE CLASSICS. 

(1779—1810; 177 vols. 8V0.) 

More succeEsfuI than the projectors of Barbou's and the Berlin seriea 
of classics, which (we have already seen) were never completed, the li- 
terary society of Deux-Ponts (Biponti) have published a. collection of 
the Latin classics, and a considerable number of the most esteemed Greek 
writers; the correctness and neatness of whose execution have justly se- 
cured them a high place in the estimation of all real scholars. 

The collection of classic authors of Deux-Ponts, better known by the 
appellation of the Bipontine classics, is the most copious that has hitherto 
appeared ; and will form, with a few volumes now in, the press, a com- 
plete library of the classic authors, of an uniform size. Many of these 
editions we have had occasion to examine ; and, in justice to the public- 
•pirited editors of this series, we think it right to state that, with neatness 
of typographical execution, they combine the important ■ requisite of the 
utmost correctness in the text and punctuation. No public library can be 
complete without them. 

The most celebrated modern editions ', and those held in the highest 
esteem by critics, have served as the basis of the collection of Deux-Ponts. 
The editors, however, have not copied them with servility; have care- 
fully compared them with the old editions, or with the MSS. preserved in 
public libraries : at the same time, they have availed themselves of com- 
mentators ; by which means, the Deux-Ponts editions have acquired ad- 
ditional merit. At the head of each author is a notice concerning his 
life and works ; to which is added a catalogue of the different editions 
published ; together with a list of the translations which have appeared 
in different living languages. The historians are accompanied with tables 
of contents, for the purpose of facilitating their perusal, and some of them 
contain even tables of words and phrases for the use of beginners. 

Such in general is the plan which the editors thought it advisable to 
pursue in the publication of the Deux-Ponts collection of classic authors ; 
they have not, however, always confined themselves to giving the simple 
text of the authors. Their editions of Tacitus, Terence, Sallust, and the 
epistles of Seneca, are enriched with learned notes ; to some, as Vege- 
lius and Varro de Lingua Latina for example, they have attached all the 
commentaries, to fill up one of the chasms which are to be met with even 
inthe collection cum notis variorum. 

The collection of classic authors, now under notice, was begun in 

' For the rest of this notice, and the series of the Bipontine editions, 
the author is indebted to Mr. Lunn of the Classical Library, Soho Square, 
by whom the works are imported. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. xciii 

17'79 at Deux-Ponts, where the' editors, Messrs. Kxter and Croll, were 
establisiied professors of the Gymnasium. The. distinguished reception 
which it experienced at its commencement accelerated the continuation. 
In a short time the Deux-Ponts editions were sought after throughout all 
Europe, and the celebrated Dr. Franklin recommended the^i even in 
America The collection was continued without interruption until the 
year l^QS, when the French troops took possession of the town and terri- 
tory of Deux-Ponts. In consequence of the revolutionary disturbances, 
the presses and magazines of the company were seized in 1794, and con- 
veyed to Metz. The remonstrances of the proprietors were disregarded, 
and four years elapsed before they could obtain justice. Persecuted, but 
not discouraged, they determined to continue their impressions in the city 
of Strasburg, the public library of which afforded them superior resources, 
and where, on account of the topographical position of the town, they 
found themselves better situated than at Deux-Ponts. There they settled 
in \19S, with their presses exclusively appropriated to these classic edi- 
tions, which are not only executed at their own expense, but even under 
their immediate superintendance. From that time they resumed their 
labours with renewed activity, and have since continued them without 
interruption. 

The entire series at present consists of 117 vols, uniforriily in 8vo, and 
comprises the following classic authors. 



Ammianus Marcellinus^ Sipont. 

1786, 2 vols. 
Apuleius. Bipont. 1788, 2 vols. 
Ausonms. Bipont. 1785. 
Julius Cepsar, et alii, de Bello Gal- 
ileo,, etc. Argenioratu (Stras- 

burgh) 1803, 2 vols. 

Second stnd best edition : the 
first edition appeared in 1782. 
Catullus, Tibullus, et Propertius, — 

Bipont. 1794. 

The first edition was published 
an 1783. 
Celsus de Medicina. Argent. 1806, 

2 vols. 
The first edition of 1785, is 
every way inferior. 
M. T. Ciceronis Opera. Bipont. 
1780—1787, 13 vols. 
CI. Claudiam Opera. Bipont. 1784. 
C. Valam Flacd Argonauticon. Bi- 

pont. 1786. 
L. Annanis Floras. Bipont. 1783. 
S. Julius Prontinus. Bipont. 1788. 
Auli Vellii, Noctes Atticie. Bipont. 

1784, 2 vols. 



HistoritE Augusta Scriptores sex. Bi- 
pont. 1 787, 2 vols. 

Containing ]Si. Spartianus, Ju- 
lius Capitolinus, M], Lampridius, 

Vulcatius Gallicanus, Trebellins Pol- 

lio, and Flavins Vopiscus. 

HistoritE RomaniB Scriptores Minores. 
Bipont. 1789. 

Containing Aurel. Victor, Sex. 

Rufus, Messala Corvinus, and £u- 

tropius. 

2. fforativs Flaccus. Bipont. 1792. 
The first edition was printed in 

1783. 

Jusiini Historiae Philippicae. Ar- 
gent. 1802. 

The second edition, greatly im- 
proved. The first edition appeared 

in 1783. 

Juvenalis, Pefsii, et Lucilii Satim, 
B^t. 1785. 

Lactantii Opera. B^xmt. 1786, 2 vols; 

Livii Historic, cum Freinshemii Sup- 
plementis. Bipont. 1784 — 1786, 
13 vols. 

Lucani Pharsalia. Argent, 1807. 



XCIV 



APPENDIX. 



The first edition appeared in 
1183. 
Lucretius. Argent. 1808. 

The best edition : the first ap- 
peared in 17S2. 
Maa-obii Opera. Bipont. 1788. 
Martialis Epigrammata. Bipont. 
1788, 2 vols. 

Avienus, Prisciani 
Vibius Sequester, 



Pomponius Mela, 
Petiegesis, et 
Argent. 1809. 

Cornelius .Nepos. 



Bipont. 1788. 
The first edition was printed in 
1782. 

Ovidii Opera. Argent, 1807, 3 vols. 
Second edition : the first ap- 
peared in 1783. 

Petronius Arbiter. Bipont. 1790. 
PktBdri et aliorum Fabulse, 1784. 
Plauti Comcediae. Bipont. 1788. 

The first edition was executed 
in 1779, 4 vols. 
Plinii Hist. Nat. Bipont. 1783, 

5 vols. 
Plinii Epistolas et Panegyricus. Bi- 
pont. 1789, 2 vols. 
Suinctiliani Opera. Bipont. 1784, 

4 vols. 
Sluinlus Curtius, Argent, 1801, 
2 vols. 
The first edition, every way in- 
ferior, appeared in 1782. 
Sallustii Opera. Argent. 1807. 

Third and best edition. The 
first appeared in 1779, and tlie se- 
cond in 1780. 

Scfiptotes Rei Rusticee veteres Latini, 
Biponi. 1787-88, 4 vols. 

Containing Cato, Varro, Colu- 
mella, Palladius, Vegetius, Auso- 
nius Popma, and a fragment of Gar- 
gilins Martialis, together with a 
Lexicon Kusticum. 
SeneciE Rhetoris Opera. Argent. 
1810. 
The first edition appeared in 
1783. 

Senecee Philosophi Opera. Argent. 
1809, 4 vols. 
The first edition was printed at 
Deux-Ponts in 1780. 
SeneciE Epistolse ad Lucilium, a 
Schweighaeuser. Argent. 1809, 
2 vols. 
The best edition of Seneca's 



epistles ever published. M. Schweig- 
haeuser, the editor, has corrected 
upwards of 2000 passages, whicli 
in former editions were unintelli- 
gible, by the aid of some valu- 
able MSS. which fell into his hands. 
Senecee Tragoedise. liipont. 1785. 
Silius Italicus. Bipont. 1784. 
Solini Polyhistor. ' Bipont. 1794. 
Statu Opera. Bipont. 1785. 
Suetonius TranguiUus: Argent. 1800. 
Second and best edition : the 
first appeared in 1783. 
Ccymeliui Tacitus. Biponi. 1792, 
4 vols. 

Second edition, and every way 
preferable to the first, printed in 
1779. 
Terentii Comoediae Sex. Bipont. 

1779, 1780, 2 vols. 
Valerius Maximus de Dictis, &c. 
Julius Obsequens de Prodigiis, 
cum supplementis Lycosthenis. 
Argent. 1806, 2 vols. 

The first edition appeared in 
1 783, and was confined to one vo- 
lume. 
Terentius Varro de Lingua Latina. 

Bipont.' lliS, 2 vols. 
Vegetius de Re Militari. Argent. 

1806. 
Velleiu! Paterculus. B^ont. 1780. 
Virgilii Opera. .,4jg-en/. 1808, 2 vols. 

The first edition was in 1783. 
Vitruvius de Architectura. Argent. 

1807. 
Mattfusi Casimiri Sarbieiri Carmina. 

Argent. 1803. 
Jokannis ■ Schweig/ueuseri opuscula 
academica, recognita et in unum 
volumen coUecta. Argent. 1806, 
2 parts or vols. — These two 
works are necessary to complete 
the Bipontine series of classic au- 
thors, which forms 114 vols, and 
costs about 33/. in boards. 

Greek Classic AuTHoks, 

Forming part of the Bipontine Editions. 

Aristotelis Opera omnia, Gr. lat. a 

Buhle, vols. i. — v. .Bipont.n92, 

et seq. et Argent, ann. VIII. 

(1800.) 

On the critical merits of this 
and the following very excellent 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. " xcv 



e^itiana, Mr. Dibdin may be ad- 
vantageously consulted. 
jithencei Deipnosophistae, Gr. Lat. a 

Schweighaeuser. Urgent. 1801, et 

seq. 14 vola. 
Dlodori Sieuli Bibliotheca Historica, 

edente Heynio. Bipont. 1793, et 

Argent. 1198, et seq. 11 vols. 
Luciani Opera, Gr. Lat. Bipont. 

1789, et seq. 10 vols. 
Platonls Opera, Gr. .Lat, Bipont. 

1781, et seq. 12 vols. 
Siuinti Smyrruei Post-hoinerica, a 

Tycbsen. Argent. 1807. 

A second volume will complete 
the work, and contain Professor T.'s 
observations. 



Scriptores £rofJri .• Achilles ' Tatius, 
Heliodorus, Longus, etXenophon 
Ephesius, Gr. Lat. a. Mitscher' 
litsch. Bipont. 1792 et 1794, et 
Argent, an. "V^. (1798), 3 vols, in 
4 parts. 
Thucydides de Bello Peloponnesiaco, 
Gr. Lat. Bipmt. 1788-89, 6 
vols. 

The preceding Greek and Latin 
authors, exclusive of Plato (2 vols, 
of whose works are reprinting to 
complete sets), form a series of 51 
vols., and cost 37J. A complete set 
of the Greek and Latin editions is 
valued at 70i 



XVI.— EDITIONS 
EXECUTED BY M. BODONI, 

AT PARMA. 

The editions, which for lipvpards of thirty years have issued from 
the press of M. Bodoni, at Parma, are eminently distinguished by 
their general beauty, and, in maiiy instances, Dy the uncommon splen- 
dour of their typographical execution. In this coUntty, a few of 
the classical editions only are known ; which are deservedly in great 
request among the amateurs of t^^utiful books. As, few, however, 
are acquainted with the entire series of the Bdtfoni publications, it 
is hoped that the lover of booksy and the student of literary history 
Tfrill alike be gratified by the subjoined list; which, for the first 
TIME, presents a Concise and accurate notice of the chief produc- 
tions of that ilitistrious printer. ^For the information it contains, we 
are indebted to the prompt and friendly confmubications of one Qf 
the most celebrated modern bitiliographers : as a voucher for its 
correctness, it will be sufficient to name the authorof the AmuxUi 
tit I'lmprimerie desAld^,. M. RENOUARD. 



GREEK AND LATIN CLASSICS, 

■WITH TRANSLATIONS. 

(All printed at Parma.) , 

Anacreontis Teii Odaria, Grjece. 1784. tiU XV. 'Septemb. small 
■4to. 

,.>T^eiirst'of,Bodoni's edition's of Auacreoil : it is most beautifully 
executed in cursive, or Italic Greek ; and only sixty copies were 



xcvi APPENDIX. 

printed, as presents for his friends ; consequently, it is extremely 
rare and dear, even in Italy. Tlie royal library at Paris possesses 
an uncommonly fine copy on Dutch paper. 

Anacreontis Teii Odaria, Graece. 1785. XVII. Kal. Apr. 4to. 

A beautiful edition, on fine paper, and wholly executed In capital 
letters. 

Anacreontis Teii Odaria, Graece, 1791. sm. 8vo. 

This edition, which is also executed in capital letters, consisted of 
i2l2 copies, 12 of which were printed on fine vellum paper. It is 
now exceedingly rare. To complete it, there should be added, J. 
Christ. Amadutii Epistola ad J. B. Bodonium, in quA emendatur et sup- 
pletur commentarium in Anacreontem, 1791, sm. 8vo. It is printed in 
capital letters, like the preceding edition of Anacreon. 

Anacreontis Odaria, Graece, 1791. 16mo. 

This is justly termed by M. Renouard, a bijou typogi-aphique : it is 
one of Bodoni's prettiest editions ; 25 copies were struck off. 

Odi di Anacreonte, tradotte in versi Italiani, col testo Greco, 1793. 

4to. 

Two hundred copies in 4to, and 100 on royal 4to. A small Svo' 
edition of the Italian version was also printed in 1793, withmt the 
Greek; it consisted of 250 copies. 

Socrates, Fabula, ex Aristophanis nubibus, cum versione Latina et 
Italica, 1784. 4to. 

Callimachus, Gr. et Ital. 1792. folio. 

A most beautiful edition, consisting of 162 copies ; some of which 
are ornamented with vignettes, en Arabesque, designed in a very 
superior manner, engraved with great care, which are placed at the 
head of each piece. Copies, which have not these vignettes, are 
less dear ; but they are less curious and valuable. Another edition 
of Callimachus, in Greek and Italian, also in folio, was printed in 
1792, in capital letters ; it is a chef-d'ieuvre of typography, and 
was out of print as soon as it was published. The 4to edition o;f 
the same year consisted of 200 copies. 

Catullus, Tibullus, et Propertius, 1794. folio. 

176 copies ; 25 of which are on vellum paper. 
Cebetis Tabula, Gr. Lat. 1793. royal Svo. — 200 copies. 
Coluthus de Raptu Helenae, Gr. Lat. Ital. 1795. small folio, and 

imperial 4to. 

Cornelii Nepotis Vitae excellentium Imperatorum, imperial 4to. 

This edition is noticed from a folio sale catalogue of Bodoni's edi- 
tions, printed by Bodoni himself: the date is not specified. 

Epicteti Enchiridion, Gr. Ital. 1793. 4to and sm. Svo. 

Of the 4to edition, 100 copies only were struck off; of the 8vot 

850. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS, xcvii 

Hesiodiis, Gr. Lat. studio BeSTJ. Zamagnae, 1785. 4to. 

The fine paper copies are macli'more beautiful than those on azure 
paper : this remark will also apply to the Anacreon in capitals, and 
to the Greek Longus, in 4to. noticed ir^fra, which were executed on 
fine white paper, and also on azure paper. On the Critical merits 
of Zamagna's Hesiod, consult Dibdin on the Classics, vol. i. p. 368. 

Homeri Ilias, Graece, 1811. 3 vols, royal folio. 

The most splendid of all Bodoni's editions, without exception : 
each of the three vols, of which the work consists, comprises up- 
wards of 370 pages, containing the text only. Six years were em- 
ployed by M, Bodoni in preparing for this impression, the printing 
of which occupied 18 months. The edition consisted of only 140 
copies, some or which are on fine vellum paper; and one, a dedica- 
tion copy presented to the late ruler of France, is on vellum, and is 
understood to be of a degree of brilliancy hitherto unparalleled. It 
is probably deposited in the royal library at Paris. 

g. Horatii Flacci Opera, 1791. folio. 

200 copies ; of which 50 were on vellum paper. The edition, 
Vhich is executed in Bodoni's best manner, was edited by Nicolas 
d'Azara : it is very rare and very dear even in Italy. On its critical 
merits, Mr. Dibdin's Intr.'to the Classics may be consulted, vol. i. p 
425. 

Horatii Opera, 1793, 4to. (150 copies.) 
1794, 8vo. 

There are some copies on fine paper. To this may be added, 
Lettera di Stefano Arteaga, a G. B. Bodoni, intorno alia sua edizione 
di Orazio, In 8vo. 200 copies were printed. 

Longinus, de Sublimitate, Gr. Lat. 1793, folio. 

One hundred and fifteen copies, of which 15 are on fine vellum paper. 
' Gr. Lat. 1793, 4to. 

Onehnndred and fifty copies, printed in smaller characters than the 
folio edition. 

Graece, 1793, small 8vo. (200 copies.) 

Longus de Amoribus Daphnidis et Chloes. Gr. 1786, 4to. 

An Italian version Was printed in the same year, in 4to, intituled 
Gli Amori Paatorali di Da/ne e di Cloe, tradotti dalgreco di JL^ngo Sofista, 
dal Annibal Caro. This edition was executed at the expense of 
the Marquis de Breme, after a MS. written by Annibal Caro himself: 
the whole impression, which consisted of only 57 copies, was given as 
presents to certain persons ; a list of whom appears oh a separate leaf 
at the end of the volume. Two copies aho were struck off on fine 
paper, of the manufacture of Annonay; one was presented to the 
King of Sardinia, the other is in possession of M. Renouard. A beau- 
tiful little edition of the same translation, by Annibal Caro, was printed 
in 1793 (250 in number); which will very advantageously supply the 
extreme rarity of the original 4to edition. 

MusEeus. Le Avanture di Ero et Leandro, tradotte di Museo,in versi 
Italiani, col testo Greco, 1793, 4to. 
This edition consisted of 100 copies. In 1794, Bodoni printed ano- 



xcviii APPENDIX. 

ther translation of Musaus, EroeLeandro,poemadiNiccoloViviani, 
on five different sizes, and witli different characters, viz. in small 8vo, 
medium 8vo, royal 8vo, royal 4to, and large folio. Of each edition, 
not more than 40 or 60 copies were struck off. 

Aurelii Prudentii Opera Omnia, 1788, 2 vols. 4to. 
Sallustii Opera Omnia, 1794, g vols, royal 4to. 

Some copies are on fine vellum paper. 
Taciti Annates, 1795, 3 vols, royal 4to, small folio, and medium folio. 

This very splendid edition is executed on fine vellum paper. M, 
Bruuet states that it is in little request, Manuel, torn. ii. p. 333. 

Phormio, Publii Terentii fabula, cum versiode Italic^, 1784, 4t0. 
Theocritus, Moschus, BiOn, et Simmias, Gr. Lat. Ital. 1780. 2 vols. 4to. 

Large paper copies of this edition are rai-e ; those on common paper 
are not in much request, especially since the publication of 

Theocriti, Moschi, et Bionis Idyllia Omnia. Gr. Lat. 1792, S vols, 
large 8vo. 

This very beautiful and correct edition was superintended by Bern, 
Zamagna, the editor of Hesiod : it consisted of only 200 copies. 

Theophrasti Capita Duo, hactenus inedita. Gr. Lat. 1786, 4to. See 

p. xix. supra of this Appendix. 
Theophrasti Characteres Ethici. Gr. Lat. 1794, 4to and folio. 

A beautiful edition, containing thirty ch^ters, or Characters. 
Tryphiodorus de excidio Trojae. Gr. Ital. 1796, small folio and 

royal 8vo. 

Publii Virgilii Maronis Opera, 1793, 2 vols, folio. 

A superb edition, consisting of 175 copies, 25 of which are on vellum 
paper. In 1794, an 8vo edition of Virgil was published, in 2 vols. 
Some copies of it are on fine paper. 

L'Eneide di Virgilio, tradotta in versi Italian! da CI. Bondi, 1790, 1793, 

2 vols. 8vo. 
Senofonte Ephesio de gli Amori d'Abrocorae e d'Anzia lib. iv. trad. 

dal gr. da A. H. Salvini. CrisopoU (Parma, Bodoiu\ 179% small 

8vo. 



English Works printed at Parma. 

The Castle of Otranto, 1791, 4to. with plates. 

This splendid edition of Lord Orford's terrific tale was executed at 
the expense of Mr. Edwards, of Pall-Mali. It has long been out of 
print, and is extremely rare. 

Thomson's Seasons, 1794, royal 4to. and small folio. 

One hundred and seventy-five copies only were printed. 
Gray'* Poems, 1793, 4to. 



NOTICES, ETC. 0F EMINENT PRINTERS, xdk 

One hiindretl cafieg pn large p^per, asd two hunted on common 
paper. 

Gray, Elegfa Inglese, sopra un cimetgro campestre, con due versione 
Italiane di G. TorelU e Melchiore Cesarotti^ ed altra Latina di 
Gio. Costa, 1793. 4to. 
One hundred copies. 

Lines addressed to Victory, by Cornelia Knight, with the Italian 
^aosiatiop, i7m,uo. 

One hundred copies. Miss Knight is advantageously Icnown as the 
autiiQjr «f an interestiiig Description of Latiuin, Lonid. 1805, 4to, 
which throws considerable light on the villas. Sec. of the antieuts. 



Other Workfr-^Ualidn, Frpneh, Ifc. 

EXECUTED EY BODONI. 

J. B. De-Rossi, deHa propria lingua di Cristo, e degli Ebrei, 1772, 4to. 
De Rossi — Specimen ineditse et he;caplaris Bibliorum, versionis Syrp^ 
Estrangelffi, If fS, 4to. 

A thin 4to volume, which has long been exceedingly scarce. The 
Bi-blical Staderit may see an account of it jn the Monthly Review 
(O. S.), vol. lix. pp. 452 — i54. 

De Rossi, De Hebraicae Typographiee origioe, lf>76, 41o. 
-" De Typographia hebraeo-ferrariensi, ITiSP, Svp. 

— Annales hebraeo-typographici de Sabioneta, 1780, 4to. 

— Annales hebraeo-typographici Saeculi xv. 1755, 1799, largp ^tp. 

See an account of these works, supra, pp. 478 — 480. 

— Dizionario storico degU Autori Ebrei, 1802, .2 vols. 8 vo. 

— Apparatus Hebraeo-Biblicus, 1782, 4to. 

— Variae Lectiones Veteris Testamenti, 1784 — 17i87, 4 vols. 4to. 

A copious, analysis b( this elaborate work i-s in <lhe Anaflytieal Re- 
view, vol. i. p. 1, &C.5 and Monthly Review (Old Series), vol. Ixxiii. 
p. 536, and Isutv. p. 379. 

— Bibliotheca Judaic* Aoti-christiana, 1800, royal 8vo. 
See 9a accftuntof tjjis very rare little work, p. 750, sti^m. 

DeHosai^-Oheraifdo, Scberzi poetici sopra amore, small 8 vp, royal 

8vo, and royal 4to. 

With 40 fine allegorical engravings, in the line mann.er^ some copl^ 
ar««oloured, and others are in the Etruscan stjrle. 

Bemis— La Reli^on veng6e, 1795, small 8vo, royal 4to, small fplio pfl 

fine paper, and in folio on vellum paper. 
Chambrier— Essai surie Droit de Gens, 1795, 8vo. 

A. tract of t09 pages, vniflii:a suppleBwut-of 24 pages, wiiieh as fre- 
quently wanting. 



c APPENDIX. 

Precetti per ben dirigere nn stato tradotti da Plutarcho, da J. F. 
Seavrone, 1796, 4to. 
There are some copies in small folio. 
Mauritius Benedictus Olivicri, de sacro hebraico textu disputatio, 
1793, 4to. 
Three hundred copies. 
Delia vana espettazione degli Ebrei del loro re Messia, da G. B. De 

Rossi, 1773, 4to. 
Esame delle riflessioni contro il libro della vana espettazione, 1775, 4to. 
Offide divin pour tousles temps de Tannic, 1792, 2 tomes, in 4 vols. 

royal 8vo. on thick paper. 
De Imitatione J. C. libri quatuor, 1793, large folio. 

One hundred and sixty-two copies were struck oiF, 12 on vellum 
paper. 

Omelie e lettere pastorali di Fr. Adeodato Turchi, 1789 — 93, 2 Vols. 
in 4to. 

Omelie e lettere pastorali di Fr. Adeodato Turchi, 1789 — 93, 2 vols, 
small 8vo. 

Instruzione Cristiana ad uii giovinetto, ed a due sue sorelle, dell'abate 
G. B. Roberti, 1787 in 8vo. 
A beautifully printed work. 

San Raffaele, disgrazie di donna Urania, ovvero degli studj femminili, 
1793, 8vo. 
Two hundred copies. 

Del dominio delle donne e della virtu, 1793, 4to. 

Del corraggio nelle malattie, trattato di Giuseppe Pasta, 1792, Bvo. 
Two hundred copies. 

Corso elementare di botanica, di C. G. Ortega, 1788, 8vo. 

Instituzioni di mineralogia, di G. Benvenuti, 1790, 8vo. 

Jos. Xaveri Poll testacea utriusque Siciliae, eorumque historia et ana- 
tome, tabulis aeneis illustrata, 1791, Atlas folio. 

Only two numbers of this important work have appeared : it treats 
the history of testaceous animals, in a novel point of view. The 
engravings are executed with the utmost care : the letter-press is a 
cW d'auvre of typography. 

Storia naturale e geografia fisica di Spagna, di G. Bowles, tradotta da 

Fr. Milizia, 1783, 2 vols. 8vo, on fine paper. 
Descrizione odeporica della Spagna, di Antonio Conca, 1793, 3 vols. 8vo. 
Opere di Antonio Raffaello Mengs, 1780, 2 vols. 4to. 

This work is executed on common azure paper, and also on fine 
white paper. It has long been out of print. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. ci 

Prodromo di una enciclopedia metodica, delle belle art! spettanti al 

disegno, 1789, 18mo. 
Saggi sul ristabilimento dell'antica arte de' greci e romani pittori, di 

Vincenzo Requeno, 1787, 2 vols. 8vo, plates. 
Descrizione della raccolta di stampe, di J. Ourazzo, 1784, 4to. 

One hundred and forty copies were printed, at the expense of M. 
Durazzo, by whom they were presented to his friends. It is of rare 
occurrence. 

Memorie degli architetti antichi e moderni, di Francesco Milizia, 1781. 

2 vols. 8vo. 
Dell'architettura egiziana, dissertazione di Belgrade, 1786, 4to. 
DeU'origine, progressi e stato attuale d'ogni letteratura, di Giov. 

Andres, 1785, 5 vols. 4to. 
See an account of this work, supra, pp. 408 — 410. 
Cours d'6tude par Condillac. Aux Deux-Ponts, 1782. (Parma, Bodoni, 

1775), 13 vols, royal 8vo, fine paper. 

This edition, which is the original, was printed at Parma in 1775, 
though it bears the date of Deux-Ponts, 1782 ; while the pirated edi- 
tion of Deux-Ponts, in 16 vols. 8vo, bears that of Parma, 1776, from 
the royal printing-office. The following are the causes of these cross 
dates. 

No sooner was the Parma edition printed, than the Court of Spain, 
dissatisfied with some bold truths which it contained, required the 
Prince of Parma to suppress it. The publication was immediately 
prohibited : happily, however, the printer had parted with two or three 
copies ; one of the sewas reprinted at Deux-Ponts, and thus preserved 
this excellent worlt from the destruction with which it was threatened. 
This re-print was received as the original edition by the public, who 
were ignorant of the transactions at Parma. At length, in 1782, the 
sale of the genuine edition was permitted, under the false title of 
Deux-Ponts, 1782, and with some mutilations, for which cancels were 
made. Those copies, which contain both the original leaves and the 
cancels, are the most valuable, and will always have the preference. 

Didymi Taurinensis Litteraturse Copticas Rudimentum, 1793, small 4to. 
P. D. Girolamo Prandi, dissertazione intorno al sublime, 1793, 4,to.^ 

One hundred and twenty-five copies. 
Anthologia latioa, historicorum condones, et selecta carmina com- 

plectens, 1776, 12mo. 
B. Ridolfi oratio in funere Caroli III. 1789, 4to, with plates. 

A few copies were struck off on folio. 

Elogj storici di Cristoforo Colombo, e di Andrea Doria, 1781, 4to. 

Cerati, elogio di Isabella, Infanta di Spagna, 1780, 8vo. 

Elogio di G. M. Pagnini pe' funerali di J. A. Sanvitale, 1780, 4to, 

with plates. 
Hogio di Zaccaria Bettl, 1790, 4to, with a portrait of Zacc, Betti, 
Orszione funebre di Carlo III, da B. Botteri, 1789, 4to, 



cii APPENDIX. 

MoBirnientum Paritoens6 in adventu Gustavi HI. Sneciai regis, 1784,i 
royal folio, with plates. 

This curious book was printed on account of Gustavus Ilt.'s visit to 
Parma. The impression was Very limited, and thebbok is extfemely 
scarce. 

Epithalamia exoticis Unguis reddita, 1775, grand folio, fig. 

This book is distinguished by the beauty of its execution, and the 
very numerous specimens of foreign characters ititrodaced. It is of 
uncommon rarity. 

GabrieliS Faertii fabulae centuiii, et carininai varia. AcceSsit elenchils 

omnium Faerni editionum, studio eit impensid Ant. Aug. Re- 

nouard, 1793, 4to. 
One hundred copies. 
Josephi Farsyetii carmina, 1776, royal 8vo. 
Pauli Lucini opticae, juxta leges Newtonianas latinis verSibus ex- 

positae, libri iv. 1793, 8vo. 
Two hundred copies. 
Roberti de Hampden Britannia Lathmon, Villa BromhamensiS; poema- 

tia, nunc primum, curante filio Joanne Trevor, patris et ejilsiUet 

amicoram in gratiam edita, 1793, large folio. 

A most splendidly executed book: the impression was limited to 
thirty, of which fifteen were on fine Vellum paper. The whole were 
given away as presents. 

Christus, Coriolani Martirani tragaedia, cum italica paraphraSi, 

1786, 8vo. 
Vincenzo Somaschi, Saggio sopra rej)igramma italiano, 1793, 8Vo. 

Two hundred copies. 
Le Stanze di Angelo Poliziano, di nuovo pubblicate, 1792, 4tb. 

One hundred and sixty-two copies, twelve of v^bich are on vellnnl 
paper. , 

Opere poetiche di Innocenzo Fnlgoni, 1779, 9 vols. Svo. 

Atti della coronazione di Gorilla Olimpica, fatta in Campidoglid, 

1779, 8vo. on thick paper. 
Le ville Luchesi, con altri opuscoli di Antonio Cerati, 1783, Svo. 
L'Anello, poemetto, da Fr. Luigi Filippi, 1784, 4to. 
Le Nozze di Teti e di Peleo, poema di CatuUo, in versi italiani re- 

cato da Saverio Broglio d'Ajano, 1784, Svo. 
Prose e versi per onorare la meffloria di Livia Doria Car affa, 1784,^ 4to. 
This Curious book was execnted with the utmost splendour, at thS 
expense of the Prince Della Roccella: it contains numerous pieces 
in verse and prose, composed W his friends on the death of his wife> 
the Princess Livia Doria Carafni. This work, M. Renouard obseirves, 
is confessedly one df the least nseffiJ of Bodcjni's editions; but tfte 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. eiii 

magnificence of its execution, the numerous engravings with tirhich it 
is decorated, together with the extreme rarity of copies (the whole 
of which were distributed as presents), all concur to render the book 
valuable, notwithstanding the subject of it is a woman of no celebrity 
whatever. 

Versi dell'abate Vincenzo Monti, 1787, 2 vol. 8vo. 

A pretty edition. 
Aristoderao, tragedia dell'abate Vincenzo Monti, 1786, 4to. 
Aristodemo, tragedia dell'abate Vincenzo Monti, 1787, 8vo. 
Compouimenti per le nozze di Stefano Sanvitale, e di Luisa Gonzaga, 
1787, 4.to. 

A very beautiful book, adorned with a beautiful engraving by 
Raphael Morghen. The impression, a very limited one, was distri- 
buted as presents to friends. 

Saggio di poesie campestri del Cavalier Pindemonte, 1788, ISmo. 
A beautifully printed little book. 

Cento epigrammi frahcesi ed italiani- di Carlo Roncalli, 1788, small 

8vo. 
Cento epigrammi latini ed italiani di Carlo Roncalli, 1788, small 8vo. 

Three hundred copies with the author's portrait, 
Opere poetiche di Alfonso Varanno, 1789, 3 vols. 12mo. 
Poesie e prose di P. Lorenzo Fusconi, 4 vols. 8vo. on fine paper. 
I pianti d'Elicona su la tomba di Teresa Ventura Veuier, 1790, 4to. 
Odi di Giuseppe Parini, 1791, small 8vo. 

Two hundred and fifty copies. 
La Faoniade. Inni ed odi di Saffo, tradotti dal testo greco in metro 
italiano, 1792, small 8vo. 

Two hundred and fifty copies. 
Epigrammi al Marchese Cacciapiatti, 1791, small 8vo, 

Printed for the amusement of the author's friends. 
Alia ornatissima S. Paola Marg. Bodoni, ode, 1792, small 8vo and 

royal 4to. 
Tribute di lodi, con epigrammi da Vincenzo Comascbi, l'r9S, 12mo. 
Versi di Vincenzo Jacobacci suU'Orazio Bodoniano, 1792, 12mo. 

All these little pieces were printed for presents and were never 
spld. 
Omaggio poetico di Euforbo Melesigenio (Caluzo), 1792, 8vo. 

Two hundred and ten copies, ten of which are on vellum paper. 
La Giomata villereccia di Clemeute Bondi, 1793, smaU 8vo, 

Two hundred and fifty copies. 
Poesie di Enstachio Manfredi, col suo ritratto inciso daRosaspina, 
1793, 8vo. 



civ APPENDIX. 

Two hundred copies, some on thick paper. 

Aminta, favola boschereccia di T. Tasso, 1739, 4to. 
One of the most beautiful of Bodoni's editions. 

II pastor fido di Guarini, 1T93, 4to. 

One hundred and seventy-five copies, tvfenty-five in small folio. 

Le feste d'Appollo, celebrate in 1769, 4to. plates. 

I tentativi dell'Italia, cio e Eduigi, Cleonice, Irene, e don Rodrigo ; 
tragedie di Alessandro Pepoli, 1783, 8vo,— Adelinda, tragedia 
di Aless. Pepoli, 1791, Bvo. — Carlo ed Isabella, tragedia di Ales- 
sandro Pepoli, 1792, 8vo. 

L'allegro, poemetto di G. Milton, trad. In njetro italiano da Dome- 
nico Testa, 1785, 4to. 

Discorsi academici, sciolti e rimati, del Conte Rezzonico, 1772, 4to. 
2 parts with plates. 

Memorie de' gran-maestri del militar ordine Gerosolimitano, di P. 
Paolo Pacciaudi, 1780, 3 vols. 4to. plates. 

La guerre de Jules-C^sar dans les Gaules, avec des notes, 1786, 3 
vols, royal 8vo. with maps and plans. 

Notices historiques sur Neuchatel et Vallengin, 1789, 8vo. 

A ch^-d'ceuvre of typography and extremely rare. 

Osservazioni di Ennio Quirino Visconti, su due musaici antichj 
istoriati, 1788, 8vo, with two fine plates. 

This book is as beautifully executed as the preceding. There are 
some copies on fine vellum paper of Annonay. 

Delia letteratura Commachiese, 1786, Bvo. 

Saggio di memorie sulla tipografia Parmense del secoloxv, del P. 
Ireneo Affo, 1791. 
See an account of this work, supra, p. 469. 

Memorie degli scrittori e letterati Parmigiani, raccolte dal P. Ireneo 

Affo, 1789—94, 6 vols. 4to. 
Memorie di Taddeo Ugoleto, bibliotecario del re Corvine, racolte 

dal P. Ireneo Affo, 1781, 4to. 
Affo, Vita del B. Gioanni di Parma, 1777, 8vo.— Vita del B. Orlando 

de' Medici, 1784, 8vo.— Vita della B. Stefana Quinzani, 1784, 

8vo.— Vita del B. Gbanni di Salerno., 1784, 8vo.— Vita del B. 

Pietro Geremia da Palermo, 1783, 8vo. — Vita della B. Orsolina 

da Parma, 1786, 8vo.' 
Memorie di Giambattista Gherardo, conte d' Arco, 1792, 8vo. 
Elogj d' illustri Bolognesi, di Ferdinando Belvisi, 1791, 4to. with 

plates. 
Guidonis Ferrarii inscriptiones in funere J. Conradi de Olivera, 1785, 

4to, in capital letters with numerous small vignettes ; and the same 

book in 8vo, in small capitals. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. ct 

Moratin, Comedia nueva, in dos Actos, in prosa, 1796, 8vo. 
Bante, la Divina Comedia, 1795, 3 vols, folio. 
Tasso, Gerusalemme Liberata, 1794, 2 vols, folio. 
Petrarca, Rime, 1800, 2 vols, folio. 

Of these three works, 130 copies only -were struck off, on paper 
of the same size and manufacture. There are copies of them in 4to, 
on thick paper, and also in small folio on thin paper. This edition 
is printed vvith a smaller character than the preceding folio edition. 

Aminta, di Tasso, 1793, folio, sni. 8vo. and royal 8vo. all very beau- 
tiful editions. 

Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata, 1794, 3 vol. folio, on vellum paper, 
Petrarca, Rime, 1800, 2 vols. sm. 8vo. 
There are some copies on strong paper. 

Beside the preceding edition, the dates of which have for the most 
part been ascertained, Bodoni has executed many others, of which 
we cannot state the dates of publication. The following articles 
are given from a sale catalogue of Bodoni's, now before us, in order 
to complete the series. 



ftalian Works. 

Adorni, Giuseppe, Tradnzione in versi dell'Ode sopra il Meriggio di 
D. Giovanni Melendez Valdes, colTesto Spagnuolo, royal 4to. 

Amori Ovidiani, Tradu^ione Anacreontica, 3 vols, large 8vo. 

Aretino Leonardo, Vita di Cicerone, 8yo. and large 8vo. 

Belloli, Saggio Analitico di Meccanica, small 4to. 

Bembo, Stanze, small 4to. 

Bernieri, Stanze sopra Virgilio, royal 4to. and large 8vo, 

Bondi, Orazione Accademica, fogl. mezzano, velim. 

Ditto, royal 4to. 

Cantate VI. royal 8vo. 

. II Matrimonio, Sonetti XII. royal 8vo, 

Cantate VI. e XII. Sonetti morali, small 8vo. 

Bonfadio, Stanze, small 4to. 

Bonvicini, Pensieri poetici, large 8vo. and 4to. 

Cassoli, Francesco, Versi, small 8vo. and large 8vo. 

Cavriani, Poesie, large 8vo. 

Ceretti, Luigi, Saggio di Poesie, small 8vo. 

Cicci, Luisa, Poesie, small 8vo. 

Conti, tradnzione della Chioma di Berenice, medium 8vo. 

Descrizione Italiana, Francese, e Spagnuola delle Pitture esistenti in 
una Camera del Monistero di San Paolo in Parma, eseguite dall' 
inimitabile pittor delle Grazie, Antonio Allegri,detto il CorreggiO) 
imperial folio, with 3a plates, A magnificent edition. ' 



cvi APPENDIX. 

Doveri della vita domestica, large 8vo. 

Euferbo Melesigenio (il Sig. Abate di Caluso) La Cantica, ed il Sal- 
mo XVIII. secondo il testo ebreo, tradotti in versi, small 8vo. 

PoesiCj. large 8vo. 

Fantoni, Giovanni, Poesie, small 8vo. 

Faoniade, Inni ed Odi di Saffo, small 8vo. 

Filandro Cretense, Elogio del Marchese Prospero Manara, small 8vOi 

Oiordani, Orazione fnnebre per S. A. R. D. Ferdinando gii Duca di 
Parma, imperial folio, royal 4to and large 8vo. 

Giusti, Giambatista, Versi, large 4to ; with a plate. 

Li medesimi, in 16mo. 

Jacobacci, Canzone a Virgilio, royal 4to and large 8vo. 

Ode sopra Orazio, small 8Vo. 

Lamberti, Edipo, tradotto dal Greco, royal ito. 

Poesie del medesimo, small 8vo, 

Landriani, I'Alzira, tradotta dal Francese, large 8vo. 

La Zaira, tradotta dal Francese, large 8vo. 

Leoni, Evasio, Cantata per la nascita del R. P. di Beira, medium 
folio, on vellum paper. 

■ II Cantico de' Cantici, in versi Italiani, medium 8vo. 

Leoni, Orazione funebre in morte di Monsignor Minucci, large 8vo. 

Lamentazioni di Geremia, small 8vo. 

Panegirici di S. Vincenzo de' Paoli. 

Lettera I sopra I'Orazione delle 40 Ore, large 8vo. 
Lettera II sopra la Divozionea M. V. large 8vo. 

Maggi, Poemetto sopra la villa diSannazaro, large 8vo. 

Magnani, Orazione Italiana, medium folio, and royal 4to. 
Manara, Marchese Prospero, Poesie. 

• La Buccolica in rime Italiane. 

Le Georgiche in versi Italiani, small 8vo. 

Manfredi, Poesie, Col Ritratto, large 8vo. 

Maulandi, Cammillo, Saggio di Poesie, small 4to. 

Melloni, Saggi di discorsi famigliari, small 8vo. 

Minzoni, Onofrio, Poesie, small 8vo. 

Morelli, Saggio di Poesie, medium 8vo. 

Paradisi, Elogio di Montecuccoli, large 8vo. 

Parini, Giuseppe, il Mattino ed 11 Mezzogiorno, small 8vo, 

. Odi, small 8vo. 

Pasta, del Coraggio nelle malattie, large 8vo. 

Poesie Varie per le Nozze Bonacozzi di Ferrara, 8vo. 

Prandi, Dissertazione sul Sublime, royal 4to. 

Roberti, Lettere due sopra Bassano, large 8vo. 

Rosini, Versi, small 8vo. 

Rossi, Luigi, IdUlj tradotti dal Greco, small 8vo. 

Hucellai, le Api, small ito. 

Rusconi, Poesie de' Fratelli Francesco e Vinceuzo, imperial 4to. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS, cvii 

Sanvitale, Luigi, Saggio di Novelle, small 8vo. 

Salomone Fiorentino, Elegie in morte di Laura sua moglie, 16mo. 

Sanraffaele, Donna Urania, large 8vo. 

Savioli, Attiori, col Ritratfo, royal 4to. and 16mo. 

■ Traduzione Italiaua del primo libro degU Annali dl Tacito, 

royal 4to. 
Scarrone, Memorie intorno all'Abate Carlo Denina, Piemontese, 

Small 8vo. 
Serassi, Kagionamento sopra I'Arlosto ed il Tasso, royal folio, and 

mftdium folio, on velUini paper. 
Tansillo, il Podere, small 4to. 
Vassalli, Panegirico sopra la Sindone, royal 4to. 
Viano, Ginlio, Discorso villereccio, large 8T0. 

■ Kagionamento suUe Meteore acquee, large 3vo. 

Voti della Torinese Accademia degli Unanimi, small 4to. 



Latin Works. 



Cyrilli, M. D. Cyperus Papyrus, foglio imperiale, con 2 Tavole in 

rame. 
Didymi Taurinensis, De pionnnciatione Divini Nominis quattiior 

litterarum ; cum auctario observationum ad hebraicam et cog- 

natas linguas pertinentium, small 4to. 
A most elegant edition, particularly on account of the diversity of 
characters iutrodnced by the very learned editor, the Abate Toraaso 
Palperga di Calnso. 
Epigrammi Latini-Italiani, Small Svo. 
JPabroni, Vita F. Petrarchae cum notis, royal 4to. 

Vita Pallantis Stroctii, large 4to. 

Magnani, Orationes babitae Bononiae, medium folio, and royal 4to. 
Nelis, Belgicarum rerum Prodromus, large Svo. 
Paciaudi, Inscriptiones a I. B. Bodonio coUectae, small 4to. 
Some copies are on vellum paper. 



French Works. 

Bernard, I'Art d'aimel-, small Svo. 

Epigfanuni Francesi-ltaliani, small 8vo. 

Prangois (de Neufohateau) Conseils d'un pere a son fils, imit^s des 

vers que Mnret a Merits en Latin pour I'usage de son neveu ; en 

Latin, Francois, Italien, AUemand, large 8v6. 
Lama, Eloge d'une Femme bienfaisante, large Svo. 
L'Aveugle de la Alo&tagne, Entretieos Pbilosopliiques, medium 8to. 



fiviii APPENDIX. 

Moreau de Saint-M^ry, Conseiller d'Etat, etc, De la Danse, 16m*. 

and small 8vo. 
Nelis, Chant du Cigne, imperial 4to. 
• L'Adoration, ou la Priere et le D^sir ; Francese-Ital. imperial 

4to. 

L'Adoration, etc. Francese, royal 8vo. 
Temple de Guide. 
Vert- Vert, Franc. Ital. Traduzione diP. A. Vincenzi, medium 8vo. 

The preceding list will be found to contain an accurate notice of 
all those productions of the Bodoni Press ; the elegance of which 
claim for them a place in every large library : it were easy to add 
numerous other works, executed by him; but, as these are not par- 
ticularly interesting by their importance, rarity, or other circum- 
stances, they are purposely omitted. We cannot, however, terminate 
the present notice of the editions from Bodoni's press, witliout re- 
cording the following particulars, related by the learned president 
of the Linnean Society, and which reflect the highest honour on the 
liberality of this eminent printer. 

" A very great curiosity, in its way, is the Parma printing-office, 
carried on under the direction of Mr, Bodoni ; who has brought that 
art to a degree of perfection scarcely known before him. Nothing 
could exceed his civility in shewing us numbers of the beautiful pro- 
ductions of his press, of which he gave us some specimens, as well 
as the operations of casting and finishing the letters. The materials 
of his types aie antimony and lead, as in other places ; but he shewed 
us some of steel. He has sets of all the known alphabets, with dip- 
thongs, accents, and other peculiarities, in the greatest perfection. 
His Greek types are peculiarly beautiful, though of a different kind 
of beauty from those of old Stephens, and perhaps less free and flowing 
in their forms. His paper is all made at Parma. The manner in 
which Mr. Bodoni gives his works their beautiful smoothness, so that 
no impression of the letters is perceptible on either side, is the only 
part of his business that he keeps secret." — Dr. Smith's T<mr on the 
Continent, vol. iii. pp. 38, 39, second edition. 



XVII.— CLASSICS 

EDITED BY M. RENOUARD, AT PARIS. 

Lucani Pharsalia, 1796, folio. 

This edition is executed in the most sumptuous manner, at the press 
of Didot, on the same kind of paper, and with the same types as his 
celebrated Virgil, and may fairly claim the character of being im- 
maculate : for not a single error has hitherto been discovered in it. 
The edition is in medium folib ; fifteen copies are on large paper, and 
five on vellum. 

Cicero de Ofliciis, de Amicitia, de Senectute, &c. 1796, 4to, on vel- 
lum paper, from the press of Didot, and as correct as it is beau.- 
tiful. 

Tacitus de Moribus Germ^norum et Vitje Agricolae, 1795. 



NOTICES, ETC. OF EMINENT PRINTERS. ci* 

Entropius et Sextus Rufus, 1796. 

Apuleius, 1796, 3 vols. 

Apuleii Psyches et Cnpidinis Amores, et Petronii Arbitri Ephesiaca 

Matrona, 1796. 
Plinii Panegyricus, 1796. 

Sallustius, et Orationes in Catilinam, 1795-96, 3 vols. 
Cicero de Senectute et de Amicitia, 1796, 2 vols. 
Cornelius Nepos, 1796, 2 vols. 
PetMnius Arbiter, 1797, 2 vols. 

These articles form a beautiful collection, in 16 volumes 18mo, on 
fine vellum paper: 270 copies of each were struck off; which are as 
correct as they are elegant. To this series should be added the 
following works, executed in the same style of elegance, under the 
editorship of M. Renouard. 

J. Andoeni Epigrammata, 1794, 2 vols. 12mo. 

15 copies are on large paper, 4 on paper of a still larger size, and 
4 on vellum. 

Carmina Ethica P. Syri, et aliorum auctorum, 1795, 12mo. 

This elegant little volume is executed in the same style as Owen's 
Epigrams. 

Beside the preceding editions, the lovers of elegant lite;rature are 
indebted to M. Renouard for numerous impressions of the works of 
the most elegant French authors : the unavoidably protracted length 
of this number of the Appendix, necessarily limits our notice to a fevr 
of the most valuable articles. 

Vertot, Revolutions Romaines, de Suede et de Portugal, 1795-6, 7 
vols. 8vo. 
A few copies are on large vellum paper. 

Montesquieu, Grandeur et Decadence des Remains, 1795, 2 vols. 
8vo. — St. Evremond sur les Remains, 1795, 8vo. 

These works are executed on vellum paper, in the same style as 
tbe preceding. 

CEnvres d'Antoine Hamilton, 1812, 4 vols. 8vo. avec la suite des 
Facardins et de Zeneyde, par M. Levis ; also in 5 vols. 18mo. 
Of the 8vo edition, there are only one copy on vellum, and six on 
PINK paper. 

CEuvres de Massillon, 1810, 13 vols. 8vo. 

An elegant and correct edition ; the fate of which has been rather 
singular. While its merits were obtaining for it that sale which it de- 
served, an invidious report was anonymously circulated, that it was a 
mutilated impression. In consequence, its circulation has been 
stopped for more than a year. I am assured, by the learned editor, 
M. Renouard, on his word of honour, that not a single word has been 
altered or suppressed ; that the book is, in every respect, conform* 



cs APPENDIX. 

able to the original editions ; and that, if lie kad been required t» 
niak:e any alterations, he would not have undertaJken the y/ork. 

(Euvres de Ossner, 179S, 4 vois. sm. Bvo. Th« same, 1799, in a 
larger type, 4 vols. 8vo. 
Both editions are ornamented with 51 fin* engravings by Morean 

the younger : two copies of each edition are on VEttuM. 

R6al, Conjuration coatr* Venise ; Conjuration des GiaeijMce, lt95, 
sm. folio. 
Of this splendid work 63 copies only were struck off, and nom- 

bered ; five copies are on velibm. 

Oraisons fnnebres de Bossnet, 2 vols.— de Flechier, S vbIb.— Choisles 
de Bourdaloue, 2 vols. — Mascaron, La Rne, et Massillon, 1 v-sl, 
—Petit Carfeme de Massillon, 1 vol.— Morceaux Choisi^ de Mas- 
Dillon, l,vol. 

In all, 7 vols. 18mo. and 12mo. ; forming a charming collection of 
the best French saci-ed oivtors. Of same af them there are one and 
two copies on vellum. 

Aminta di TasBO, IBmo.and 12bm). 

Willi a beauti&l engraving : there aiie « copieB«n velkun. 
Dafni e Cloe, trad, da Annibal Caro— Zenofonte Ephesio, trad, da, 
Salvini, eriveduto da Visconti, g vols. 18mo. and t2mo. 

Two copies of eadi on veMum : these editions are ^ir^feraMe to 
those of the same work printed l»y Bodond. 

CEuvrescomplettesdeFlorian, 1812, 16 vols. 18mo. 

Qinvres de Berquin, la seule Edition complette et raog^e d«»s un 

meilleur ordre, par A. A. Kenouard, 20 vols. IBmo. 
Bossuet, sur I'Histoire Universelle, avec sa Continuation, 6 vols. 

ISmo. 

All these editions are uniformly and correctly edited by M. J8e- 
Bouard, and are embellished with numerous splendid engravings: 
they are well calculated to form, with his editions of the CJlasdcs, an 
elejgant cabinet, or travelling library. 

Proverbdida Antaniii> Cornazano, 181g, 12mo. 

A small edition only was printed of this elegant and correct little 
work, on fine vellum paper. There are some copies on blue vellum 
paper ; and seven were struck loff'tui vellins. 



( cxi ) 

No. VIII. 

NOTICE OF THE CODEX EBNERIANUS. 

(R^erred to, p. 108.^ 

The Codex Ebnerianus Is a very neat manuscript of the New Testa- 
ment, in qnarto, now deposited in the public library at Nuremberg: ^ 
was Formerly in the possession of Hieronymus, Ebner von Eschenl^eh, 
of that city, from whom its appellation is derived. It contains 4SS 
leaves on parchment, and was written in the yeaj- 1391. 

The whole of the New Testament is comprised in this volume^ 
excepting the Book of Revelation : each page contains SiT lines, at 
equal distances, excepting those in which the different books com- 
mence, or which are decorated with illuminations. Beside the New 
Testament, the Eusebian Canons are introduced, jjpgether with 
lessons for particular festivals, and a meuologium used in the Greek 
Church, &c. 

Tlie book is bound in massy silver covers, in the centre of whid^, 
the Redeemer of the World Is represented sitting on a throne, and in 
the act of pronouncing a blessing. Above his bead is the foUowing 
Inscription, in square letters, exhibiting the style in which the capitals 
are written : — Aur^ora suXoytjffav rov "Sou^ov trou iXaxiff'^^t Is^ovu/jtav lauXa?^fta 
xai rm cixtta auToo. Lord, bless the least of thy servants, Hieronymus 
Gulielmus and his family. Of the style of writing adopted in the 
body of the work, the engraving which faces page 108 will afford a 
correct idea, and at the same time exemplify the abbreviations fre- 
quent in Greek MSS. of the lath and 13th centuries. Our specimen 
comprises the ten first verses .of the first chapter of St, John's gospel : 
the abbreviations, though very numerous, being uniformly the -sam«!, 
do -not interpose any material difficulty to the easy perusal of the MS. 
Wetstein, though he has admitted it into bis catalogue, has made use of 
it only in the eighth chapter of St. John's Gospel. Michaelis has classed 
it amo«g the uncollated MSS. of the New Test. See Wetstein's N. T. 
Prdeg. p. 38. Marsh's Michaelis, vol. ii. parti, p. 258. De Murr's 
Memorabilia Bib. Norimb. part. ii. pp. 100—131, where the Codex 
Ebnerianus is minutely described and illustrated with 13 plates of 
illuminations, &c. which are very curious in an antiquarian point of 
view. 



No. IX. 
COLLECTIONS OF LARGE WORKS. 

(R^erred to, p. 328..) 

Acta Sanctorvm, quotqnot totoorbe coluntur, vel a Cafliolicis Scrip- 

toribus celebrantur, coilegit, digessit et notis iHustravit Joannes 

BallandHs.Operam et Studium contulit Gadefridns Henschenius, 

etc. etc. Antwerp and Tongerloo, 1643—1794. SS yo\s- folio. 

This extensive and profonmlly learned woi'k is very little known 

7 



cxii APPENDIX. 

in England : complete sets are rare even on the continent, on account of 
the difficulty of procuring the latter volumes; it evidently deserves to 
be more known in England, Mr. Butler remarks, and to find a place in 
most of her great public libraries. The Radcliffe library at Manches- 
ter is the only public library, we believe, which possesses a copy of the 
44 first volumes, comprising the lives of the Saints to the 18th of 
September. 

" The plan of this vast work was originally conceived by Father 
Rosweide, a Jesuit. It was first carried into execution by Father 
Bollandus, of the same society. The two first volumes, comprising 
the lives of the Saints of the month of January, were published' in 
■1643. It was continued by different religions of the same society, 
through fifty volumes folio, to the volume which extends to and in- 
cludes the Saints celebrated by the Church of Rome on the seventh 
day of October. The lives of the Saints, and the various memorials 
respecting them, of which the body of the work is composed, fonn 
an immense mass of historical information. It may be said to re- 
late chiefly to ecclesiastical history ; but when the intimate eon- 
nei^fion between civil and sacred history is considered, this will not 
detract from its estimation, even with those whose attention is di- 
rected to civil history. All the writers engaged in this work are 
allowed to have possessed deep and extensive learning. Father Pape- 
broch, who conducted it for forty-two years, is considered to have 
been a writer of the first strength ; one of those superior men, who 
exist but once in a century ; or as Scaliger called them homines cen- 
tenarii. The Spanish Inquisition, to its eternal disgrace, condemned 
tlie volumes which contained the months of March, April, and May, 
as erroneous, offensive to pious ears, heretical, and injurious to the 
Holy See, the Dominicans and Carmes. Among other charges 
against the publishers of these volumes, it was alleged,, that they 
called in question the descent of St. Dominic from the noble family 
of the Guzmans, and the descent of the Carmes from Elias. It is 
scarcely worth mentioning, that the sentence was revoked in 1718." 
—Butler's Hor. Bibl. vol. 1. pp. 200—282. 

Some of the late society, with thfe assistance, it is said, of two Benedic- 
tine monks, were employed on the work in the abbey of Tongerloo, near 
Antwerp, when the French armies arrived there under General 
Pichegru : and their labours were interrupted by the confusions which 
subsequently took place in that country, and the latter volumes, it 
is said, were dispersed or destroyed during the revolution. 

The work is divided as follows : — January^ 2 vols. ; February, 3 vols. ; 
March,3 vols.; April, 3 vols. ; May, 8 vols. ; June, 7 vols.; July, 7 vols. ;. 
August, 6 vols. ; September, 8 vols. : and October (to the 14th in- 
clusive) 6 vols. Of these, M. Camus states, the 51st and 52d vols, are 
rarely to be met with. The 51st (for the 5th of October) is of uncom- 
mon occurrence, because its sale was interrupted by the continual 
changes in the residence of its compilers, the BoUandists. The d2d, 
fur the 6th of October, is infinitely more rare ; few persons being 
apprised that it is in existence. Camus adds, that M. Santander gave 
him the first 296 pages of this volume, which he thinks was printed 
at Tongerloo ; and is persuaded that the rest of the volume is extant, 
and was probably finished at Rome. (Camus, Voyage dans les de^' 
partemens r^unis, pp, 65 — 61, 4to, an X. (1802). 

To the 53 vols, of which the Acta Sanctorum consist, should be 
added : — 1. Usuardi Martyrohgmm, Antwerp, 1714, folio ; and 2. Actet 
Sanctorum Bollandiana apologetids libris vindicata, Antwerp, 1753, 



COLLECTIONS OF LARGE WORKS. cxiii 

folio. The following, also may be annexed to the collection : Eoehibitio 
errorum, quos D. Papebrochius suis in notis ad Acta Sanctorum cmnmisit 
per Sebastianum a Sancto Paulo. Colon. A grip. 1693, 4to. This severe 
censure is ascribed to the jealous discontent of the Carmelites, on 
account of some remarks introduced by Father Papebroch against the 
antiquity^ of, .their order. Two able replies were published:—!. 
Examen juridico-theologimm prcembidorum Seb. a S. Paulo, Ifc. a Nick. 
Rayeo. Antwerp, 1698, 4to. and 2. Respmsio Dan. Papebrochii, etc. 
Antwerp, 1693—98, 3 VoU. 4to. 

The Acta Sanctorum were reprinted at Venice, 1734, et seq. the 
42d vol. of which includes the 15th of September. .It is not in such 
request as the original. The principal dissertations interspersed in 
the works were separately printed at Venice, under the title of 
TftesoMjTis EeclesiasticiB Antiquitatis et sacra et profana eruditionis, etc, 
etc 3 vols, folio, 1749—1751. . 

Collectio Maxima Cameiliarum, per Philippum Labbe et Gabrielem Cossarif, 
cum Dominiei Jacobatii et aliorum Tractatibus de Concilia ad tegiam 
editionemexacta.. Paris, 1671, 1672. 18 vols, folio. 

In the Radcliffe Library, Manchester. This vast collection is a 
reprint of the .Conciliorum Collectio Regia maxima, executed at the 
Royal Printing-office, Paris, 1644, in 37 large folio vols, under the 
auspices, of the Chancellor Seguier. A copy of this is in the Red- 
■ Cross-Street Library. The Collectio ' Regia was reprinted also b'y 
Father Harduin, in 12 vols, folio: it is not in much request on the 
continent, being superseded by the voluminous collection of Labbte 
and Cossart, concerning which De Bure may be consulted. ■ JBib, 
Instr. Th'eologie, pp. 204, 205. The greatest collection of British 
Councils is Bishop Wilkins'sCouBcib of Great Britain and Ireland, 
from the synod of Verulam, 446, to that of London, 1717. 4 large 
vols, folio. It is found in almost all great public Libraries.' 

Bibliotlieca Maxima Veterum Patrum, et aliorum scriptorum Eccle- 
siasticorumy studio Philippi Despont. Lugduni^ 1677, et seq. 
27 vols, folio. 

To this work should be joined the two following articles : 1. Ap- 
paratus ad Bibliothecam sacram, opera et studio. Nic. le Npurry. Paris, 
1703 — 1715, 2 ,vols. folio ; and 2. Index. Bibliothecoe jnaxinuB veterum 
Patrum, a Simone d Sancta Cruce digestus, Genuae, 1707, folio. The 
collection thus complete forms 30 vols, in folio. A copy of it is in 
the Radcliffe Library, Manchester. Some copies of the work are 
on large paper : the two vols, of Nourry's Apparatus are the most 
rare. T'or further particulars relative. to this laborious publicatioij, 
see De Bure's Bibl. Instr. Theohiie, pp. 214—216. 

Sccevolef et Ijudovici Sammarthanorum fratrum Gallia Christiana ; sen 
Series- omnium Archiepiscoporum, Episcoporum, et Abbatuiit 
Franciae, etc. Aucta et continuata opera et studio Dionysii 
Sammarthani et aliorum monachorum ordinis .S. Benedict!. 
Paris, e Typ. Reg. 1715—1786. IS, vols, folio. 

This work was never completed : three additional volumes were 
ttt.iiave been published, which have not yet appeared. 



cxiv APPENDIX. 

Bgzantince HixtHriiB SCrSptores varii, in ■unum coi'pns redacti^ sd- 

licet. 
Acommati Choniatie (Nfcetae) Historia, Gr. Lat. edente Car. Annib. 

Fabroto. Parishs, 1647. 
Acropolitse (Geor.) Histbria ^zatilina, Gr. Lat. cum ndtis Th, 

Donzae. Par. 1651. 
Agatbias Scholastici de Rebus Gestis Imper. JuBtiniani -Lib. v.XSr, 

Lat. cum notis Bonav. Vulcanii. Par. 1660. 
Anastasii Bibliothecarii Ilistdria Ecclesiastica, Gr. I^at. cum notis 

Car. Annib. TFabroti. Par. 1649. 
Banduri (Anselmi) Imperinm Orientale, si*6 Anticjtfitates Constanti- 

nopolitanae in iv partes distributee. -Gr. Lat. 2 vol. Par. 1711. 
Cantacuzeni (Joan.) Historiarum Lib. iv. Gr. Lat. cum ndtis Jac. 

Gretseri. 3 vol. Par. 1645. 
Cedreni (Geor.) Compendium Historiarum, Gr. Lat. cum iiotis Jac. 

Gear et C. Annib. Fabroti Glossario. 2 vols. Par. 1647. 
Chalcocondylx (Laonici) Historic Turcarum Lib. x. Gr. Lat. edente 

e. Annib. Fabroto. Par. 1650. 
Chronicon Orientale, ex Artlb. versum ab Abrah. EccbeJlensi. Par, 

1651. 
Chronicon Paschale a Mundo candito ad Heraclii Imp. Annum Vice- 

simum: cum notis Ch. Da Fresne Doin. DuGaii^e. Par. 1688. 
Cinnami (Joan.) de Rebus Gestis a Jb. et Manuele Comnenis Lib. vi. 

Gr. tat. cum notis Car. Du Fresne Dom. Du Gang«. Par. 1670. 
Codini Curopalatae (Geor.) de Officiis Magnae Ecclesis, et AuISe 

Constantinopolitanee Liber. Gr. Lat. edente Jac. Goar. Par. 

1648. 
Comnehse (Annae) Alexias,' Gr. Lat. cum notis Dav. Hoeschelii. Par. 

1651. 
Corporis Historic Byzantinae nova Appendix, opera Geo. 'Pisidae, 

^heod. Diacbni et Cdrippi Afiricani Grammatici complectens, 

G'r.Lat. ex recens. Pet. Fr. Fbggihii. Romae, 1777. 
Du Fresne, Dom. Du Cange (Car.) Historia Byzantiua. Par. 16B0. 
Genesii (Jos.) de Rebus Constai^nopolitanis a Leone Armenio ad 

Basiliiim Macedohem Lib.iv. nunc pi'ithum^diti. Vehetiis, 17^3. 
Glycae (Mich.) Annates, Gr. Lat. cum notis Phil. Labbe. Par. 1660. 
Gregorae (Nicephori) Historia Byzantina, Gr. Lat. cum notis Jo . 

BbiVin. 2 vols, in 1. Par. 1702. 
Historiae Byzantinae Scriptorfes post Thebpbanem, Gr. Lat. cam' notis 

Fr. Combefisii. Par. 1685. 
•Labbe (Wiil.) de iHstoriae Byzantinae Scriptoribns publicandis Pro. 

trepticon,&c. Par. 1648. 
Manassis (Const.) Breviarium Historicum, Gr. Lat. ex Interpret. 

Joan. Leunclavii, cum ejusdem et Jo. Meursii notis. Far. 165i. 
. 3 



COLLECTIONS OF LARGE WORKS. cxv 

Pachymerfe (Geor.) Historia, Gr, Lat. cam notis Pet. Posslni. 2 vols. 

Par. 1666—1669. 
PoFpI^rogenneti (Const.) Libri duo de Cerimoniis Aulas Byzantine, 

G-r. Lat. Gar»T<mt J. Hen. L^^ius et Jo. Jac. Keiskius. Lipsiae, 

1,751. 
Procqpii Histoiiarnm sui Tenippri^ Lihri via. ,Gt. Lat. cum notis 

Claud. Maltreti. 2 vols. Par. 1-662-T-3. 
Syncelli (Geor.) Chronographia ab Adamo usque ad Diocletianum. 

Gr. Lat. cum notis Jac. Goar. Pajr. 165^. 
Theophanis (S. P. N.) Chronographia, Gr. Lat. cum Aotis Fr. <Uim- 

befisii. Pai-. 1655. 
Zouara: (Joan.) Anm^les, Gr. Lat. cum notis Car. pu Fresne Dom. 

Du Cange. 2 vols. Par. 1686. 
To these are usually added the following articles : 

Petri Boschli Tractatu£ de Patriarchis AntiocheniSi Venice, 17'48. 
fol. 

Guil. Cuperi Tractsttus de Patriaieliis Constantinpp$iiUtanis,17'&l. fol. 

CorpoKs Historiae Sysiaaiime nova Appendix. Gr. Lat. aJFiogginio. 
Komae. 1777. fol. 

Micha^lis Le Qujen Qriens Cbristianus, Paris, ,1740^ 3 vols. fol. 

Jacobi Bongarsii Gesta Dei per Francos, Hanoyiae, 16il^ 2 vols. 

folio. 
• Anselmi Banduri Nnmismata Impp. Rom. a Trajano ad Palae- 
ologos, Paris, 1718, 2 vols, folifl. gupplementum a.b H. Taninio, 
Komae, 1771, fol. 

Credrgii Phrantzae chronicon, graece, edidit F. Q. Alter Viennae, 
1796, folio. 

Most public Libraries possess co]>ies of the Byzantiqe Histqri^ns: 
the reprint at Venice, 1722 — 1733 in 27 vols, folio, is .very Ipferior 
to the original editions. above noticed. 

Thesaurus Antiquitatum Graecarum et Uomanarum, a Graevio, 
Gronovio, aliisque congestns. 39 vols, folio, with numerous 
'plates. 

This great collection of Greek and Roman, antiquities consists of 
the following works ; 

Thesaurus Graecarum Antiquitatom, cougestns a Jacobo Gronovio. 
I/Ug. Bat. 1697—1702, 13 vols, folio. 

Thesaurus Antiqnitatum Romanarum, congestus a J. G- Graevio 
Traj. ad Rhen. 1694, 12 vols, folio. 

Novus Thesaurus Antiquitatum Romanarum, congestus ab Alb, 
Henr. de Sallengre. Hag. Coiq. 1716, 2 vols. fol. 

>Utriusque Thesauri Antiquitatum, Romanarum Graecarumqlie, 
nova supplementa congesta a. Joanne Poleno. Venetiis, 1737, folio. 

Xextcon Antiquitat»m Romanarum, auctore SwJ. Pitisco. Leo- 
vardiae, 1713, 2 vols, folio. i , . . 

Inscri^liones Antiqua! totiusorbis Romani in corpus absolutresimum 
redactae a Jano Grutero. Amst. 1707, 4 vols, folio. 

These «ix works together form 39 vols, and cost from 501.. to 601. 
according to their condition: the collections of Graeviug, Grqnovins, 
and SaUeiigre were reprinted at Venice, 1732, 1735, 1737, but are 
less esteemed than the edition printed in Holland. One or other 

ha 



cxvi APPENDIX. ' 

edition is to be found in all the great Libraries: the two follo'wiitg 
articles are sometimes added to the Collection : 

Thesaurus Antiquitatum et Historiarum Ttaliae, coUectus cura et 

studio Joannis Georgii Graevii, et ad finem perductus a P; 

Burmanno. Lug. Bat. 1704 — 23, 9 tomis in 15 vols, folio. 
Thesaurus Antiquitatum et Historiarum Siciliae, Sardiniae, Corsicae 

et Melitse, cura J. G. Graevii cum praef. P. Buimanni. Lug. 

Bat. 1723—25, 15 tom. folio. 

Both these works are rare in this country : the Signet Library, 
Edinburgh, possesses a Copy. 

Rerum. Italicarum Scriptores praecipui ab anno aeras Christi 500 ad 
1500, cura Ludovici Antonii Muratori. Mediolani, 1723 — 1751, 
25 tom. in 28 or 29 vols, folio. 

The three first tomes of this important collection are each in two 
parts or volumes ; the 24th tome has an Appendix ; and the 25th is 
frequently wanting. A copy is in the signet Library. The two 
following works are usually added : 1. Rerum Italicarum Scriptores 
ab A. C- 1000 ad 1600, opera et studio J. M. Tartinii, FtorentuBj. 
1748 — 1770, 2 vols, fo].; and 2. Ad Scriptores Rerum Italicatum Cf. 
Muratorii Accessiones historica Faventina, opera et studio J. B. Mittarelli, 
Venetiis, 1771, fol. 

Critici Sacri, sive Annotata Doctissimorum in Vetua et Novum 
Testamentum, Amst. 1698, 9 vols, folio. 

This edition is preferable to that of London, in 1660, 10 vols, 
folio : to this important work are usually added : 

1. Thesaurus Theologico-Philologicus, Amst. 1701, 2 vols. fol. and 

2. Ludomci Capelli Critica Sacra. ' Amst. 3689, folio. The Critici 
Sacri are to be seen in all great Libraries. 

The above are the principal Collections of large works, referred 
to, p. 328, supra. The list might easily be augmented, would out 
limits permit : the reader will however, find a copious, List of ' CoU 
lections^ in the Dictiommire Bibliographique of Cailleau, in Dr. Clarke's 
Bibliographical Dictionary, vols. ii. and iii. article Collection, and 
also in M. Peignot's Diet, de Bibliologie, tom. iii. art. RecueU. 



NOTE (A). 
(R^erred to^ page 146.^ 
The following are the expressions of Junius : — " Habitavit ante 
annos centum duodetriginta Harlemi, in aedibus satis splendidis (ut 
documento esse potest fabrica quae in hunc usque diem perstat Inte- 
gra) foro imminentibus e regione palatii regalis, Laurentius Joannes 
cognomento jEdituus Custosve (quod tunc opimum et honorificum 
munus familia eo nomine clara hasreditario jure possidebat), is ipse 
qui nunc laudem inventse artis typographicas recidivam justis, vindir 
ciis ac sacranientis repetit, ab aliis nefarie possessam et occupatanF, 



NOTES. cxVii 

summo jure omnium triumphorura laurel majore donanansl Is forte in 

suburbano nemore spatiatns (ut sclent sumpto cibo aut festis diebns 

cives qui otic abundant), ccepit feginos cortices principio in litSra- 

rum typos confdrmare, qaibus inverse ratione sigillatim chartse im- 

pressis versiculum unum atque alterum animi gratia dUcebat^ uepoti- 

^bus generi sui liberis exemplum futurum. Quod ubi feliciter suc- 

cesserat, coepit animo altiora (ut erat ingenio magno et snbacto) 

agitare, primumque omnium atramenti- scriptorii genus glutinOsius 

tenaciusque, quod vulgare lituras trahere experiretur, cum genere suo 

-Thoma Petro, qui quateruoe liberos reliquit omnes ferme consulari 

-dignitate functos (quod eo dico ut artem in familia bonesta et inge- 

-nua, baud servili, natam intelligant omnes) excogitavit, inde etiam 

pinaces totas figuratas additis cbaracteribns expressit : quo in genere 

vidi ab ipso excusa adversaria, operarum rudimentum paginis solum 

adversis, baud opistograpbis : is liber erat vernaculo sermone, ab 

aUctore conscriptus anonymo, tituluni praefereds^ Speculum nostra 

salutis : in quibus id observatum fuerat inter prima artis incunabula 

•(ut nnnquam uUa simul et reperta'et absoluta est) uti paginse aver- 

■sae glutine commissae cobaerescerent, ne illae vacuas deformitatem 

adferrent. Postea faginas formas plumbeis mutavit, has deinceps 

staneas fecit, quo solidior minusque ilexilis esset materia, durabi- 

liorque: e quorum typorum reliquiis quae superfuerant conflata 

cenopbora vetustiora adbuc hodie visuntur in Laurentianis illis, 

quas dixi, aedibus in forum prospectantibus, babitatis postea a suo 

pronepote Gerardo Tboma, quern honoris caussa nomino,' cive"-claro, 

ante paucos bos' annos vita defuncto sene. Faventibus,.ut'fit, in- 

vento novo studiis bominum, quum nova merx, nunquam antea visa 

emptores undique exciret cum huberrimo quaestu, crevit simul artig 

amor, crevit ministerium, additi familiae operarum ministri, prima 

mali labes, quos inter Joannes quidam, sive is (ut fert suspicio) 

Faustus fuerit ominoso . cognomine, hero suo infidns et infaustus, 

sive alius eo nomine,'non maguopere laboro, quod silentum umbras 

inquietare nolim, contagione conscientiae quondam dum viverent 

tactas. Is ad operas excusorias sacramento dictus, postquam artem 

jungendorum characterum, fusilium typorum peritiam, quaeque alia 

earn ad rem spectant, percaluisse sibi visus est, captato oportuno 

tempore, quo non potuit magis idoneum inveniri, ipsa nocte quas 

Christ! natalitiis solennis erat, qua cuncti promiscue lustralibus sa- 

cris operari solent, choragiwn omne typorum involat, instrument- 

prum herilium ei artificio comparatorum supellectilem convasat, ^e- 

inde .cum fure domo se proripit, Amstelodamum principio adit,j(ide 



cxTiii APPENDIX. 

coloniam Agffppin^m, donee Magontiacum perreatum est, eeu ad 
asyli aram, ubi quasi extra telorum jactum (quod dicitur) positus 
tuto degeret, suorumque furtorunr aperta of&eina fructum hnberem 
meteret. Nimirum ex ea, intra vertentis anni spaeinm, ad annnm a 
Ditto Cliristo 144S -, iis ipsis typis, quibns Harlemi Lanrentius faerat 
tfsus, prodisse in lucem certum est Alexandri Galli DoctHnale, quae 
grammatica celeberrima tunc in usu erat, com Petri Hispani TractO' 
tibus, prima foetura. Ista sunt ferme quae a senibus annosis fide 
dignis, et qui tradita de mann in manum quasi ardentem taedam in 
decnrsu acceperant, olim iutellexi, et alios eadem referenteS attesif- 
antesque comperi. Memini narrasse mihi Nicolaum Galium, pueri< 
tise mese formatorem, liominem ferrea memoria et longa canitie vene- 
rabilem, quod puer n«n semel audierit €ornelium quendam bibliope- 
gum, ac senio gravem, nee octogenario minorem (qui in eadem offi- 
cina subministrum egerat) .... commemorantem rei gestae serieni 
inventi (ut ab hero acceperat) rationem, rudis artis polituram et in- 

crementum, aliaque id genus Quae uou dissonant a verbis 

Quirini Talesij Cos. eadem^ fere ex ore librarii ejusdem se eiim acce- 
pisse mihi confessi, &c." Batavia, pp. 255, 256, 4to, Lug. Bat. 1583.. 
gantander, torn. i. pp. 19 — 22, note. 



NOTE (B). 
(Rtferred to, page 161^) 

In a most elaborate Memoir on the Origin of Printing (Archaeo- 
logia, vol. xi. pp. 267 — 316), the late Mr. Willett has accumulated 
a variety of evidence, demonstratively conclusive against the pre- 
tensions of Haerlem, and in favour of the claims of Mayence. The 
fbllovring extract, particularly vpith reference to the testimony of 
Erasmus, cannot fail to gratify the bibliographical student^ vizho may 
not have the Memoir in question to consult. 

' Ex Epitome Rerum Germ, Script. 1602, cap. 95. — " Anno Chrlsti 
1440, — ^magnum qnoddam ac pene divinum beneficium collatum est 
ilnlverso terrarum btbi a Joanne Gutenberg Argentinensi, novo s^ti- 
liendi genere reperto. Is enim primus artem impressoriam, quam. 
Latini vocant excusmiam, in nrbe Argentinensi invenit; inde Mogun' 
tima veniens eandem feliciter complevit," 

* Hen. Wirczburg de Vaeh, in Fascicalo tempomm Werneri Role- 
vinck de Laer, aucto ad ann. 1457. This was continued afterward* 
to 1473, and published 1481 : " Librorum impressionis scientia sub* 
tilissima; omuibns Sieculis-iuaudita, leperitur ia. nrbe Mogwxtin&i' 



NOTES. exiJE 

* Erasmus ascribes explicitly the invention to Mentz and to Fust. 
Is his epistle dedicatory to an edition- of Livy in 1619, printed at 
Mentt by Young Schoeffer, he says, " H-uic urbi (Moguntiie) omnes 
bonarom literarum studiosi non parum debent, ob egregium illud ac 
pene diyinum inventum, sianneis iypis excudendi libros," He also 
says, « Atque hnjns qaidem laadis praecipna portio debetur, hujus 
penc divini (dixerim) opificii reperforibns > quorum princeps fuisse 
ftrtnr totius sevi memori& celebrandns, Joannes Fast, avns ejus cul 
tiviura hunc, turn anctum duobus volnminibua turn innumeris locis 
ex codice vetnstissimo castigatnm, debemus ; nt hoc egregium decus 
partim ad Joann. SchoefFer vetut hereditario jure devolvatnr, partiffl 
ad Moguntinee civitatis gloriam pertineat."' If- Erasmus Icnew of this 
invention at Harlem, would his vanity as a Dutchman have sup- 
pressed all mention of it? 

' Imp. Maximilian! ^rivilegium ad impressionem T. Livi per J. 
Schoeffer an. 1519: " Maximilianus, &c. honesto nostro et sacri 
imperii fideli nobis dilecto, J. Schoeffer Calcographo Moguntino," 
&c. " Cum sicut docti et moniti sumus Jide dignorum testimonio, in- 
geniosum Calcographiae, authore am tuo, inventum, felicibus incre- 
mentis in uqiversum orbem promanaverit," &c. 

' In a worlc published fourteen years before, " Dedicatio T. Livii 
Germanice versi, editique an. 1505. Imp. Maximiliano inscripta," 
are these words : " Hoc opus, quod in landatissima urbe MoguntiA 
exantlatum atque impressum est, Imperatoria tua Majestas benigne 
recipiat, in qui etiam primiim admiranda ars typographica ab ingenioso 
Joanne Gutenbergio, anu. a najj^^ Christi 1450 inventa; et post- 
hac studio, sumtu, et labore Johannis Fust et Petri Schoefferi, Mogun- 
ti& emendata et ad,;posteros propagata est," &c. ' There appears,' 
(Mr. Willett observes) ' all the candour in this account that should 
give credit to it. The first invention is honestly ascribed to Guten- 
burg, as far as the faint attempts to discover the art had been made 
by him ; but which would not have been completed without the help 
of Fust. Would Erasmus have countenanced this bold asserilo'n? 
would he have suffered the emperor to credit it, or could the emperor 
himself, after consulting so many able persons, believe Schoeffer ; if 
tiiis claim, at that time, had not been generally acknowledged, and 
no claim from Harlem known or heard of .''— (Archaeologia, vol. XI. 

p. 312.) 

Mr. Willett has also adduced four other evidences, which the 
limits of this note will not admit of being detailed : it may suffice to 
observe that these testimonies bear date respectively in 1506^ 1507^ 



cxx APPENDIX. 

)5S8, and 1483 ; and all most strongly corroborate the preceding tes- 
timonies in favour of Mentz. Upon {lie last testimony Mr. W. ob- 
serves, " This seems to be as plain and as full an account of the dis- 
covery, as -we can expect: few, if any of the discoveries of the an- 
cient arts, have reached us so vrell authenticated and explained. We 
have here the goUTin-law of the inventor of the art, the principal im- 
prover of it himself by the introduction of the fusile metal types, 
giving this fair and modest account to Trithemius, honestly giving to 
Gutenberg the honour of the first invention. If his .modesty and can- 
dour led him to give up tliis praise to Gutenberg, what could induce 
him to withhold it from Coster and Harlem, if he had known (and 
know it he must) that any such claim had existed ?" — The whole of 
Mr. WiUett's memoir will most amply repay the trouble of perusal. 



BIBUOGRAPHICAL INDEX, 



*#* The Arabic figures refer to the hody of the work ; the Roman 
numerals to the Appendix. 

ii4c^n2 ; .Cours Elementaire de Bibliogriiphie, 514. 

Acta SaTictorum, App. .Cxi, cxii. 

Adelung; Mithridates, or a general His^pr^. of- Languages, 451. 

Adry i Notice surla famille des Elzev^er, 510. 

Affo i Memorie sulla Tipographia Parmese, , 469. 

Agostini; Notizie degltScrittori Vinezlani, 431. 

Aikin (Dr.); General Biography, 407. 

Lives of Sdden and Usher, 419. 

Memoirs of Huet, 441. 
Aimerichii Specimen veteris romanae^Litteraturae, .431. 
Alexandri Galli Doctrinale, App. xlviii. 
Allaood ; Lit. Antiq. of Greece, 84 note, 454. 
Almanack for 1457, 158 note. ' 

Almeloveen; Devitis Stephanorum, 512. 
Alnander ; Historiola Artis typographicee in Suecia, 470. 
Alphabet executed by Gutenberg, App. xlviii. 
AmeUhon ; Projet sur qqelques changemens en Bibliotheques, 554. 
Ames ; Typographical Antiquities, 470. . 
yl»(Jer«uzj-SelectusDiplomatum Scotiae Thesaurus, 461. 
Andres; DeU'origine, &c. d'ogni letteratura, 408 — 410. 
Anisson ; Premier Memoire sur I'impression en lettres, 471. 
Annii Viterbensu, de Antiquitatibus, 280, note. 
Of Antichrist, App. vii. 
Antonio s Bibl. Hispana vetus acnoya, 433. 

Antonius de Arena; De Bragardissima villa de Soleriis, &c. &c. xlr> 
Aquinas : see Thomas Aquinas. 
Ars memorandi notabilis.per figuras, App. viii. 
Ars moriendi, App. ix. 
Art de verifier les dates, 465. 
Astle ; Origin and Progress of Writing, 455. 
Origin and Progress of Printing, 471. 
Ath/ns (Riclmi')i priginalapdgrpwthof printing, 178, 471, 



cxxii BIBLIOGRAPHICAL INDEX, 

Audiffredii Catalogus hist. crit. Roman. Editionum, seec. xvi. 526 

Specimen editionum Itai. s'*c. xvi. ibid. 
Avgustinus fS.J ; De Arte prsdicandi, App. liv. 
Aykffe; Calendar of antient Charters, 462. 
Bagford ; Essay on the invention of Printing, 4f 9. 
Baillet ; Auteurs deguises sous les noms etrangers, &c. 546. 
Balbi Catliolicon, 1460. App. 1. 
Bale; Scriptorum Majoris Britannise Catalogus, 419. 
Ballard; Memoirs of Ladies of Great Britain, 430. 
Bandini; De Florentina Jnatarnm typo^rapbia, 511. 
Bangius ; Coelum orientis et prisci mundi, &c. 455. 
Banister; View of Arts and Sciences, &c. 4ti. 
Barbier; Bibliotheque d'un homnie,3e go^t, 526. 

Dissertations jurifiO traductions de I'ImitatroQ de J. C. ibicT. 
JJictionnaire des Ouvrages Anonymes, 6Vt. 
Saretti; The Italian Library, 515. 
Biiringius ; Clavis Diplomatica, 462. 
Barral; Nouvelle Bibliotheque choisie, 515. 
Bartholinus ; De Libris legendis Dissertationes, 515, 

De Bibliotheearum incendio, 555. 
Barlolini ; Sagglo sopra Tipografia del FriuU, 472. 
Baruffaldi ; Saggio della Tipografia Ferrarese, 473.