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Full text of ""The New Jersey volunteers" (loyalists) in the Revolutionary War"

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N G S ^, 



CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




Cornell University Library 

E277.6.N5 S92 



"The New Jersey volunteers" (loyalists 



olin 




3 1924 032 743 423 



HENEW JERSEY VOLUNTEERS" 



LOYALISTS) 



In the Revolutionary War. 



BY 



WILLIAM S. STRYKER, 



Adjutant-General of New Jersey. 



PRINTED FOR PRIVATE DISTRIBUTION. 



TRENTON, N. J. 
Naah, Day &, Naah, Book and Job Printers 

1887. 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924032743423 



The New Jersey Volunteers—Loyalists- 
iN THE Revolutionary War. 



The facts contained in this paper in reference to the 
Loyalists of New Jersey in the military service of the 
Crown during the Revolutionary war, are principally com- 
piled from Force's American Archives, O'Callaghan's Docu- 
mentary History of New York, Gaines' Register, Howe's 
Narrative, Galloway's Pamphlets, Moore's Diary of the 
American Revolution, Dawson's Historical Magazine, Hat- 
field's History of Elizabeth, Whitehead's History of Perth 
Amboy, Minutes of the Provincial Congress and Council of 
Safety of New Jersey, Sparks' Writings of Washington, 
Simcoe's Military Journal, Greene's Life of General Greene, 
Pennsylvania Archives— first and second series, Lossing's 
Field-book of the Revolution, Tarleton's Southern Cam- 
paigns, Sir Henry Clinton's Narrative, Draper's Kings' 
Mountain, Dawson's Battles by Land and Sea, Barber & 
Howe's New Jersey Historical Collections, New York Jour- 
nal, Rivington's Gazette, Ramsey's South Carolina, Sims' 
South Carolina, and the records on file in my office. But, 
of course, Sabine's Loyalists of the American Revolution 
has been constantly consulted; without it this sketch could 
certainly not have been written. 

As soon as General William Howe arrived at Staten 
Island, on the 7th of July, 1776, so pleased was he with 



4 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

his reception in the harbour of New York that he wrote 
these words to the British government: "I have great 
reason to expect an enormous body of the inhabitants to join 
the army from the provinces of York, the Jerseys and Con- 
necticut, who, in this time of universal oppression, only 
wait for opportunities to give proofs of their loyalty and 
zeal for government. Sixty men came over two days ago 
with a few arms from the neighbourhood of Shrewsbury, 
in Jersey, who were desirous to serve, and I understand 
there are five hundred more in that quarter ready to follow 
their example." 

General Howe soon after this began to appoint recruiting 
officers in diflFerent parts of New Jersey and to organize 
detachments of Provincials as fast as they presented them- 
selves for service in the army. Mr. Cortlandt Skinner, 
whose devotion to the interests of the British king before 
the war had made him a prominent man in New Jersey, 
was selected as the proper officer to organize and to com- 
mand the men who were anxious to enroll themselves 
under the standard of Great Britain. He was commis- 
sioned at first a Colonel, and afterwards a Brigadier-Gen- 
eral, with authority to raise five battalions to consist of two 
thousand and five hundred soldiers, " under command of 
gentlemen of the country nominated by himself." He 
established his headquarters at the organization of the 
corps on Staten Island, in New York harbour, and this 
place soon became the refuge for all tories of New York 
and New Jersey, as well as for deserters from the patriot 
army. General Skinner himself seems to have been 
stationed on Staten Island and in New York city during 
most of the war, and it is very seldom that we meet him 
even with his soldiers in any other part of the contiguous 



In the Revolutionary War. 5 

country. We learn from General Howe's Narrative that 
at the beginning of the campaign of 1777 General Skinner 
had been able to recruit but five hundred and seventeen 
men of his complement, but in November, 1777, he had 
eight hundred and fift\'-nine men on his brigade rolls, and 
in May, 1778, " after several months of active exertions," 
he had enlisted one thousand one hundred and one men. 
But at that time the nucleus for six battalions had been 
made and the officers commissioned. During that year 
five hundred and fifty additional volunteers, mostly from 
New Jersey, were enrolled for service, and afterward sent 
to Charleston, South Carolina. It is then apparent that 
General Skinner recruited about two-thirds of the quota 
first assigned to him. All of these soldiers immediately 
on enlistment were placed in active service, and they began 
to distinguish themselves at an early day in their great 
zeal to annoy, intimidate and injure their former patriot 
friends and neighbours. 

In a letter written by General Howe to Lord George 
Germain, dated New York, December 20th, 1776, this re- 
mark is made : " I cannot close this letter without making 
mention of the good service rendered in the course of the 
campaign by Cortlandt Skinner, Esq., Attorney-General in 
the Jerseys, who has been indefatigable and of infinite ser- 
vice since the army entered those provinces. I therefore 
humbly recommend him as a gentleman meriting royal 
favour." Thus early was General Skinner showing his 
devotion to the King. This was just after the retreat of 
Washington's army through New Jersey, and General Skin- 
ner was urging his own friends to take protection from the 
British. It was also just prior to what was called " the 
unfortunate affair " at Trenton. 



6 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

In Brasher's Journal, February, 1777, appears the follow- 
ing new catechism : 

Q. " Who is the most ungrateful man in the world?" 

A. " Governor Skinner." 

Q. "Why 'do you call him Governor?" 

A. " Because when Lord and General Howe thought that 
they had conquered the Jerseys they appointed him Lieu- 
tenant Governor of that State. Skinner assumed that title 
over one-tenth part of the said State and continued his 
usurpation for six weeks, five days, thirty-six minutes, ten 
seconds and thirty-one hundredth parts of a second and 
was then deposed." 

Q. " Why is he called ungrateful ?" 

A. " Because he has joined the enemies of his country 
and enlisted men to fight against his neighbours, his friends 
and his kinsfolk ; because he has endeavoured to transfer 
the soil that gave him bread from the rightful possessors to 
a foreign hand ; and because, to gain present ease and tran- 
sitory honours, he would fasten the chains of slavery on 
three millions of people and their offspring forever." 

The answers to these questions clearly show the opinion 
which patriotic Jerseymen held of General Skinner and of 
the efforts which he had already made to restore them to 
their allegiance to England. 

In Rivington's Army List of 1778, as found in the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania, we find the first complete 
roster of the officers of the six battalions of the New Jersey 
Volunteers. This probably shows the state of the organi- 
zation in the early part of summer of that year. The com- 
pilation has been carefully made, the spelling of the names 
corrected, and it is now set forth in proper oflBcial style. 



In the Revolutionary War. 



Brigadier-General, 
Chaplain, . . 



Cortlandt Skinner. 
Edward Winslow. 



FIRST BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major 

Adjutant, . . 
Quartermaster, 
Surgeon, 
Captains, . 



Captain-Lieutenant, 
Lieutenants, 



Ensigns, 



. Elisha Lawrence. 
Thomas Leonard. 

. Patrick Henry. 

. James Nealson. 
William Peterson. 
John Barbarie, 
John Longstreet, 
Garret Keating, 
Richard Cayford. 
James Nealson. 
John Taylor, 
Thomas Oakason, 
Samuel Leonard, 
John Throckmorton, 
John Monro, 
Patrick Henry, 
Robert Peterson. 
John Robbins, 
John Thompson, 
Richard Lippincott, 
William Lawrence, 
Hector McLean. 



SECOND BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 
First Major, 
Second Major, 
Adjutant, . . 
Quartermaster, 
Surgeon, 
Surgeon's Mate, 
Chaplain, . . 
Captains, . . . . 



John Morris. 

John Antill. 
, John Colden. 

Thomas T. Pritchard. 

Thomas Morrison. 

Charles Earle. 

James Boggs. 

John Rowland. 
. Donald Campbell, 

George Stanforth, 



The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 



Captains, . 



Lieutenants, 



Ensigns, 



Waldron Bleau, 
Norman McLeod, 
Cornelius McLeod, 
Uriah Bleau. 
John DeMonzes, 
Thomas T. Pritchard, 
William VanDumont, 
Josiah Parker, 
William Stevenson. 
William K. Hurlet, 
Thomas Morrison. 



THIRD BATTALION. 



First Major, 
Second Major, 
Adjutant, 
Quartermaster, 
Surgeon, . 
Captains, . 



Captain-Lieutenant, 
Lieutenants, . 



Ensigns, 



Robert Drummond. 

Philip VanCortlandt. 

John Jenkins. 

John Falker. 

Henry Dongan. 

John Hatfield, 

Samuel Hudnot, 

David Alston. 

John Alston. 

Anthony Hollinshead, 

John Jenkins, 

John Troup, 

William Chew, 

Francis Frazer. 

James Brasier LeGrange, 

John Camp, 

John Willis, 

Jonathan Alston. 



FOURTH BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 
First Major, 
Second Major, 
Adjutant, . . 
Quartermaster, 



Abraham Van Buskirk. 
Daniel Isaac Browne. 
Robert Timpany. 
Arthur Maddox. 
William Sorrell. 



In the Revolutionary War. 



Surgeon, . 
Captains, . 



Lieutenants, 



Ensigns, 



. John Hammell. 
William Van Allen, 
Samuel Heyden, 
Peter Ruttan, 
Patrick Campbell, 
Daniel Bessonet, 
Samuel Ryerson, 
Arthur Maddox. 
Edward Earle, 
Martin Ryerson, 
John Van Buskirk, 
Michael Smith, 
James Servanier, 
Donald McPherson, 
John Hyslop. 

. John Simonson, 
James Cole, 
Justus Earle, 
John Van Norden, 
Colin McVane, 
George Ryerson. 



FIFTH BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, . . . Joseph Barton. 

Major, Thomas Millidge. 

Adjutant, Isaac Hedden. 

Quartermaster, .... Fleming Colgan. 

Surgeon, ... . Uzal Johnson. 

Surgeon's Mate, . . . Stephen Millidge. 

Captains, Joseph Crowell, 

James Shaw, 
Benjamin Barton, 
John Williams. 

Lieutenants, John Cougle, 

Isaac Hedden, 
Joseph Waller, 
William Hutchinson, 
Christopher Insley, 
Daniel Shannon, 



10 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Lieutenants, . . John Raid. 

Ensigns, . . . Patrick Haggerty, 

Ezekiel Dennis, 
Peter Anderson, 
Joseph Bean. 

SIXTH BATTALION. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Isaac Allen. 

Major, Richard V. Stockton. 

Captains, . . Joseph Lee, 

Peter Campbell, 

Charles Harrison. 
Lieutenants, John Vought, 

John Hatton, 

Edward Steele. 
Ensigns, . Daniel Grandin, 

Cornelius Thompson, 

James Service. 

Some mention must be made of the skirmishes of detach- 
ments of the Militia of New Jersey and of the Continental 
Line with "Skinner's Greens," as they were called, whenever 
those loyalists left Staten Island for a tour of plunder on 
the rich fields of New Jersey, and note must also be made 
of direct attacks on the tory forces on Staten Island, as well 
as a brief statement of the conduct of those loyal battalions 
in their campaign in the South. 

On the morning of February 18th, 1777, Colonel John 
Neilson, of the Second Regiment, Middlesex county, New 
Jersey Militia, with a small detachment of his command, 
captured Major Richard V. Stockton, of the Sixth Battalion 
of the Volunteers, with fifty-nine enlisted men, on Lawrence 
Island. Four men were killed in the skirmish, their arms 
were taken and some camp equipage. 

During the spring and summer of 1777, the New Jersey 



In the Revolutionary War. 11 

Volunteers made various excursions into New Jersey for 
forage for the British army. This became so annoying that. 
Colonel Matthias Ogden, of the First Battalion, New Jersey 
Continental Line, then commanding the post at Elizabeth 
Town, with Colonel Elias Dayton, of the Tiiird Battalion, 
who was stationed at Newark, and a party of one hundred 
militia of Essex county, determined to inflict some severe 
punishment on Skinner's tories. On the 22d of August 
they were re-enforced by a thousand men of the brigade of 
Brigadier-General William Smallwood, of Maryland, and 
of Brigadier-General Chevalier Preudhomme DeBorro, and 
just before midnight they crossed over from Halstead's Point, 
near the mouth of Morse's creek, to Staten Island. The 
New Jersey Volunteers were then stationed from Decker's 
Ferry to Billops's, now Ward's Point. The attack by the 
Jersey Continentals, before daylight the next morning, 
resulted in taking prisoner Lieutenant-Colonel Elisha Law- 
rence, of the First Battalion, and Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph 
Barton, of the Fifth Battalion of the Volunteers, with ons 
hundred and thirty enlisted men of their commands, and 
in severely wounding Major John Barnes, of the First Bat- 
talion, and Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Vaughan Dongan, 
of the Third Battalion, from which wounds they both died. 
General Sullivan, however, with the other body of Conti- 
nentals, endeavored at the same time to surprise the Volun- 
teers, but was deceived by a tory guide, and having come 
upon the loyal troops awaiting him, was quite severely 
punished by them. Indeed, General Skinner claimed the 
affair, notwithstanding his loss, as a great victory. 

On the 27th of November, 1777, General Philemon Dick- 
inson, commanding oflBcer of the New Jersey Militia, sud- 
denly embarked before daylight from Halstead's Point to 



12 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Staten Island with a party of about fourteen hundred 
militia. He advanced his men in three different detach- 
ments by different roads, to rendezvous at a central point 
seven miles distant. Unfortunately, it was soon found that 
General Skinner had been informed of the intended attack, 
and before three o'clock he had drawn his troops off the 
island. General Dickinson, however, made a few little 
attacks on some straggling parties of the tories and on the 
detachment of the British troops under Major-General John 
Campbell, and he killed some five or six men and took 
twenty-four prisoners, He lost three men of his command 
captured, and two wounded. The main object designed by 
this affair was not accomplished, but General Washington 
was pleased with the disposal made of the forces by General 
Dickinson and the manner in which they had been handled. 

A considerable body of the New Jersey Volunteers spent 
the winter of 1777-78 in the gay life which the British 
soldiery enjoyed during that season in Philadelphia. The 
rest of the force remained on Staten Island. From Howe's 
Narrative we find thai during their occupancy of Philadel- 
phia the British held out special inducements for men to 
enlist in the loyal corps, but they were obliged to report 
that they obtained but " three troops of light dragoons, con- 
sisting of one hundred and thirty-two troopers and one 
hundred and seventy-four real volunteers, from Jersey, 
under Colonel Vandyke." The service of this oflBcer, 
whether he was a Jerseyman or a resident of Pennsylvania, 
has not been ascertained, nor can it be said what became of 
the "real volunteers" and what military duties they per- 
formed. 

On April 2d, 1778, a detachment of New Jersey Volun- 
teers left Philadelphia for the purpose of garrisoning the 



In the Revolutionary War. 13 

fort at Billingsport, New Jersey. A small attack was made 
by the militia of New Jersey from Elizabeth Town Port at 
one o'clock on the morning of June 9th, 1778, and they 
efifected a landing on Staten Island and fired upon the 
Provincial troops that were still stationed there. Again, 
just before daylight, they attempted to land in ten boats, 
said to contain one hundred men, but they were greeted 
with a quick discharge of firearms and were driven back. 
It is thus seen that the tories were not left entirely undis- 
turbed in possession of this beautiful garden island. 

On the evening of June 12th, 1778, Captain Cornelius 
Hatfield, Jr., of the Jersey Volunteers, crossed over the 
sound and plundered the residence of Lieutenant John 
Haviland, of the First Regiment of Essex county. New 
Jersey, Militia, and carried him ofiF a prisoner. 

Some portion of the New Jersey Volunteers crossed the 
State from Cooper's Point to Sandy Hook, with General Sir 
Henry Clinton, in his memorable march through New 
Jersey, in June, 1778. 

After the battle of Monmouth, June 28th, 1778, General 
Washington posted at Elizabeth Town the Brigade of 
Jersey Continentals under General William Maxwell to 
guard and keep in check the armed tories on Staten Island. 

On the 15th day of October, 1778, Captain Patrick 
Ferguson, of the Seventieth Regiment British Foot, with 
a detachment of the Third New Jersey Volunteers, made a 
descent on Little Neck, New Jersey, on Egg Harbour Inlet, 
surprised a detachment of Count Pulaski's troops and 
killed some fifty of his men. 

On the 27th day of November, 1778, an expedition with 
two thousand troops sailed from Sandy Hook for Savannah, 
Georgia, and six days after landing at Tybee Island, off the 



14 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

harbour of that city, they took part in the fight, December 
29th, ou BrewtoD Hill. A detachment of the New Jersey 
Volunteers, Lieutenant-Colonel Allen commanding, went 
out with this party and suffered considerably in the battle 
just mentioned. Captain Peter Campbell, one of the most 
gallant ofiScers of the detachment, was killed. 

In the year 1779 the brigade of New Jersey Volunteers 
was so far consolidated, as to reduce the organization to 
four battalions. A number of the oflBcers were retired and 
the roster of the force appeared as follows, as we find from 
McDonald & Cameron's List, in the Royal Institution of 
London : 

Brigadier-General, . C^ortlandt Skinner. 

Chaplain, . . . Edward Winslow. 

FIRST BATTALION. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . Joseph Barton. 

Major, . Thomas Millidge. 

Adjutant, Isaac Hedden. 

Quartermaster, Bartholomew Doughty. 

Surgeon, Uzal Johnson. 

Captains, Joseph Crowell, 

Garret Keating, 
James Shaw, 
Richard Cayford, 
John Cougle. 

Lieutenants, James Nealson, 

Joseph Cunliff, 
Patrick Haggerty, 
Isaac Hedden, 
Samuel Leonard, 
William Hutchinson, 
John Taylor. 

Ensigns, . . . John Lawrence, 

James Brittain, 



In the Revolutionary War. 



15 



Ensigns, 



Zenophon Jewett, 
John Thompson, 
John Reid, 
Wilham Lawrence, 
James Moody. 



SECOND BATTALION. 



Lieutenant- Colonel, 
First Major, 
Second Major, 
Adjutant, . 
Quartermaster, 
Surgeon, . . 
Chaplain, 
Captains, 



Lieutenants, 



Ensigns, 



. John Morris. 
John Antill. 

. John Colden. 

. Thomas T. Pritchard. 
Thomas Morrison. 
Charles Earle. 
John Rowland. 
Waldron Bleau, 
Cornelius McLeod, 
Donald Campbell, 
George Stanforth. 
John DeMonzes, 
William Van Dumont, 
Thomas T. Pritchard, 
Josiah Parker, 
Thomas Morrison, 
Charles Babbington, 
George Lambert, 
Samuel Richard Wilson, 
William Stevenson. 

. Uriah Bleau, 
James Brasier LeGrange. 



THIRD BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Major, . . 
Adjutant, . 
Quartermaster, 
Surgeon, ... 
Chaplain, ., . . 



Isaac Allen. 
Robert Drummond. 
John Jenkins. 
John Falker. 
William Peterson. 
Thomas Barton. 



16 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 



Captains, 



Lieutenants, 



Ensigns, 



Joseph Lee, 
Patrick Campbell, 
Samuel Hudnot, 
Charles Harrison, 
Bartholomew Thatcher, 
Daniel Cozens, 
Thomas Hunlock. 
Edward Steele, 
John Hatton, 
John Troup, 
William Chew, 
James Harrison, 
John Coombes, 
John Jenkins, 
Enoch Lyon, 
William Turner. 
John Willis, 
John Camp, 
Cornelius Thompson, 
Nathaniel Coombes, 
Jonathan Alston, 
Peter Dunworth, 
John Seamon, 
Richard McGinnis, 
George Swanton. 



FOURTH BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major, . 

Adjutant, 

Surgeon, 

Chaplain, 

Captains, 



Lieutenants, 



Abraham Van Buskirk. 
Philip Van Cortlandt. 



John Hammell. 
Daniel Batwell. 
William Van Allen, 
Peter Ruttan, 
Samuel Ryerson. 
Edward Earle, 
Martin Ryerson, 
John Van Buskirk, 



In the Revolutionary War. 17 

Lieutenants, . James Servanier, 

John Hyslop. 
Ensigns, . John Simonson, 

John Van Norden, 

Justus Earle, 

Cohn McVane, 

James Cole. 

During the year 1779 General Skinner offered a reward 
of 2,000 guineas for the capture of Governor Livingston, of 
New Jersey, dead or alive. This excited the cupidity and 
the reckless zeal of many of the Jersey loyalists. A very 
spic;' correspondence ensued in March and April, 1779, be- 
tween the Governor and Sir Henry Clinton in reference to 
this attempted exploit. In May, 1780, we find Ensign 
James Moody, of the First Battalion, whose very name was 
a terror to patriots in New Jersey, leading an expedition for 
the seizure of the Governor. 

On the 10th of May, 1779, about one hundred men of the 
Third Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers, crossing from New 
York city by way of New Dock, attacked their old Bergen 
county neighbors at Closter. They killed Cornelius Dema- 
rest and wounded three other farmers and burned the 
dwelling houses and barns of seven of the inhabitants of 
the village. The militia in that part of t!ie county in the 
companies of Captains Abraham J. Blauvelt, Cornelius 
Harring and John Huyler immediately gathered and pur- 
sued the tory bands. The Loyalists succeeded, however, in 
carrying off four of the patriots, but obtained no cattle, no 
forage, or any plunder of any kind. 

During the summer of 1779 a considerable detachment 
of the New Jersey Volunteers was sent to reinforce the 
British army in South Carolina, and took part in the 
2 



18 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

assault on Savannah, October 9th, 1779. A battalion under 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Isaac Allen formed part of 
the garrison of one of the large redoubts on the south side 
of the city, near the river. Captain Daniel Cozens, of the 
Third Battalion, lost his life in this engagement. 

On the 9th of January, 1780, Brigadier-General William 
Irvine received orders from General Washington to ascer- 
tain the situation and strength of General Skinner's Brigade 
on Staten Island. The night of the 14th of January was 
selected for the enterprise, and Major-General Lord Stirling 
was detailed to command the forces, which moved in three 
distinct detachments. The party started on the morning 
of the 15th, crossed the ice on sleds from DeHart's Point to 
Staten Island, and one detachment marched towards Don- 
gau's Mills, another toward what is now Tompkinsville, 
and the third detachment toward Decker's Ferry. The 
tories, again apprised of their coming, were found strongly 
guarded in their works, and it was with some difficulty 
and address that Lord Stirling was able to withdraw his 
command in safety, not even daring to attack them in 
their intrenchments. He had learned that a channel had 
been opened in the ice from New York, and that large re- 
enforcements were on their way from that city. 

A party of New Jersey Volunteers of the First and Third 
Battalions — in all one hundred and thirty-two men — under 
Lieutenant Van Buskirk, with twelve British dragoons 
under command of Lieutenant Stuart, made a raid pn 
Elizabeth Town on the evening of January 25th, 1780, and 
carried off five oflScers and forty-seven soldiers. They also 
burned the Presbyterian Church, the Court House and the 
School House. Captain Cornelius Hatfield, Jr., was the 
guide of the tory troops on this occasion, and the incen- 



In the Revolutionary War. • 19 

diary work was ascribed to the discredit of this malicious 
man, whose father was, at that very time, an elder in the 
church destroyed by his wanton conduct. 

On the evening of February 10th, 1780, the British and 
tory troops on Staten Island made another raid on Elizabeth 
Town, plundering the residences of many prominent citi- 
zens and made active search for -Judge Elisha Boudinot 
and the Honorable William Peartree Smith, both noted 
patriots. 

On March 24th, 1780, they tried the same experiment, 
and this time took Major Matthias Halsted a prisoner. 

On June 7th, 1780, two battalions of the New Jersey 
Volunteers having been assigned to the division com- 
manded by the Hessian General Knyphausen, crossed over 
to Elizabeth Town, marched as far as Connecticut Farms 
and thence to Springfield, New Jersey. In the battle of 
Springfield, which was fought June 23d, 1780, these two 
battalions marched on either flank of the division of 
Major-General Matthews, and on the march and during 
the fight exchanged many shots with the patriot troops. 

In the forces commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Patrick 
Ferguson, and generally spoken of as British regulars, a 
considerable number of picked men of the New Jersey 
Volunteers had been assigned for special service. Captain 
Patrick Campbell of the Second Battalion, commanded the 
detachment of light infantry which belonged to the com- 
mand of Colonel Alexander Innes. This corps took an 
active part in the fight at King's Mountain, South Carolina, 
October 7th, 1780. Captains Patrick Campbell and Samuel 
Ryerson were wounded and Ensign Richard McGinnis was 
killed in this fight. 

On the evening of November 4th, 1780, a party of the 



20 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Volunteers came over from Staten Island to Elizabeth Town, 
and on this occasion captured Colonel Matthias Ogden, of 
the First Regiment, Jersey Continental Line, and Captain 
Jonathan Dayton of the Third Regiment. Enterprises of 
this kind were frequent during the winter of 1780-'81. 
Especially was this so on March 21st, 26th and 27th and 
June 26th, 1781. 

In the siege of Fort Ninety-Six in South Carolina, May 
22d, 1781, the garrison consisted partly of men of the 
Second Battalion of the Volunteers. Captain Patrick 
Campbell commanded a party of thirty men, who, at one 
stage of the siege, made a sally from the rear of the battery 
and fell on the flank of the American troops and a desper- 
ate contest ensued. Captain John Barbarieand Lieutenant 
John Hatton were badly wounded. The New Jersey 
Volunteers took part also in the fight at Guilford, at 
Cowpens, at Eutaw Springs, and at the siege of Charleston. 
At the battle of Eutaw Springs, Captain James Shaw, of 
the First Battalion, was mortally wounded and died soon 
afterward, and Captain John Barbaric, of ihe same organi- 
zation. Captain Jacob Van Buskirk and Lieutenant John 
Troup, of the Third Battalion, received serious wounds. 

On September 4th, 1781, the Fourth Battalion left New 
York with Arnold's expedition for the attack on New Lon- 
don, Connecticut. They landed near that village on Sep- 
tember 6th, meditating only plunder and not battle. The 
battalion took part in the closing scene of the desperate 
defence of Fort Griswold, and the murder of Lieutenant- 
Colonel William Ledyard, after he had given up his sword, 
is often in liistory given to the discredit of Lieutenant-Col- 
onel Van Buskirk. This certainly, however, is an error. 
General Arnold detached the Fourth Battalion under com- 



In the Revolutionary War. 21 

mand of Lieutenant-Colonel Joshua Uphana, of Massa- 
chusetts, to take a hill which comnjanded the village. 
This was very quickly done, and General Arnold followed 
the force to the hill, which had been taken. During this 
fight they were compelled to storm Groton Fort. They 
massacred the garrison and burned the village of New 
London. 

Among the " prisoners taken in the garrisons of York 
and Gloucester, October 19th, 1781," we find that there was 
a captain, a lieutenant and two enlisted men of the Third 
Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers. This little party evi- 
dently failed to escape on the transport vessels to New York, 
on which Lord Cornwallis had placed all the Loyalists who 
had taken part in the siege of Yorktown. 

In Gaines' Register for 1782, in the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, we find a roster of the officers of the Volun- 
teers as they appeared by the rolls of that brigade at the 
beginning of that year. Lieutenant-Colonel DeLancey had 
returned from captivity and many other changes had taken 
place in the lists of the officers of Skinner's brigade. The 
roster is as follows : 

Brigadier-General, . . Cortlandt Skinner. 

FIRST BATTALION. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . . Stephen DeLancey. 
Major, . . . . Thomas Millidge. 

Adjutant, Ozias Insley. 

Quartermaster, . ... John Waddington (Died). 
Quartermaster, . . Theodore Valleau. 

Surgeon, . . . . Uzal Johnson, 

Chaplain, Charles Inglis. 

Captains, John Colden, 

Joseph Crowell, 



22 



The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 



Captains, 



Captain-Lieutenant, 
Lieutenants, . 



Ensigns, 



John Cougle, 
John Taylor, 
Samuel Leonard. 
William Hutchinson. ' 
Joseph Cunliff, 
Isaac Hedden, 
Patrick Haggerty, 
John Thompson, 
John Lawrence, 
James Moody, 
John Reid, 

William Van Dumont. 
James Brittain, 
Zenophon Jewett, 
Ozias Insley, 
Henry Barton, 
Phineas MiUidge, 
John Woodward, 
James Barton, 
Reuben Hankinson, 
Philip Skinner. 



SECOND BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major, 

Adjutant, 

Quartermaster. 

Surgeon, 

Chaplain, 

Captains, 



Captain-Lieutenant, 
Lieutenants, . . 



. Isaac Allen 

Robert Drummond. 

Cornelius Thompson. 

John Falker, 

William Peterson. 

Charles Morgan. 
. Joseph Lee, 

Patrick Campbell, 

Charles Harrison, 

Bartholomew Thatcher, 

Daniel Cozens, 

Thomas Hunlock, 

John Barbaric. 

Edward Steele. 

John Jenkins, 

William Chew, 



In the Revolutionary War. 23 

Lieutenants, . . John Hatton, 

James Harrison, 

John Coombes, , 

Enoch Lyon. 
Ensigns, ... . . John Willis, 

Cornelius Thompson, 

Nathaniel Coombes, 

John Swanton, 

John Shannon, 

John Leonard, 

Lewis Thompson, 

George Lee. 

THIRD BATTALION. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, . . Abraham Van Buskirk. 

Major, Philip Van Cortlandt. 

Adjutant, John Hyslop. 

Quartermaster, . . William Sorrell. 

Surgeon, John Hammell. 

Surgeon's Mate, . Haulenbeck. 

Chaplain, . . .... Daniel Batwell. 

Captains, William Van Allen, 

Peter Ruttan, 
Samuel Ryerson, 
Jacob Van Buskirk, 
Edward Earle, 
Waldron Bleau, 
Donald Campbell, 
Norman McLeod. 

Lieutenants John Van Buskirk, 

James Servanier, 
John' Hyslop, 
John Simonson, 
John Van Norden, 
Josiah Parker, 
William Stevenson, 
George Lambert, 
Justus Earle. 



24 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Ensigns, . Philip Van Cortlandt, Jr., 

William Sorrell, 
Richard Cooper, 
John Jewett, 
Uriah Bleau, 
Henry Van Allen, 
Robert Woodward, 
Stephen Ryder, 
Hendorff. 

A roster of officers of the brigade in 1783, the close of 
the war, is given in Rivington's Army List, in the collec- 
tions of the New York Historical Society. This record was 
made about the time the loyalists had abandoned all hope 
of sustaining the British power in the new republic, and 
were beginning to think where they should flee to escape 
the hatred of their former friends and neighbours. The 
list is here given : 

Brigadier-General, ., Cortlandt Skinner. 

FIRST BATTALION. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Stephen DeLancey. 

Major, . Thomas Millidge. 

Adjutant, John Atchison. 

Quartermaster, . . 

Surgeon, . Charles Earle. 

Chaplain, Charles Inglis. 

Captains, Joseph Crowell, 

John Cougle, 
John Taylor, 
Samuel Leonard, 
Alexander McDonald, 
Patrick Haggerty, 
William Hutchinson. 

Captain-Lieutenant, . . Joseph Cunliff. 



In the Revolutionary War. 



25 



Lieutenants, 



Ensigns 



Isaac Hedden, 
John Thompson, 
John Lawrence, 
William Van Dumont, 
James Moody, 
John Reid, 
Andrew Stockton, 
James Brittain, 
Henry Barton. 
Zenophon Jewett, 
Ozias Insley, 
Phineas Millidge, 
John Woodward, 
James Barton, 
Reuben Hankinson, 
Philip Skinner, 
John Atchison, 
Joseph Brittain. 



SECOND BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major, 

Adjutant, 

Adjutant, 

Quartermaster, 

Quartermaster, 

Surgeon, 

Chaplain, . 

Chaplain, 

Captains, 



Captain-Lieutenant, 
Lieutenants, 



Isaac Allen. 

Robert Drummond. 

Cornelius Thompson (Resigned). 

George Cypher. 

William Falker (Resigned). 

Daniel James. 

Daniel Bancroft. 

Charles Morgan (Removed). 

James Sayre. 

Joseph Lee, 

Patrick Campbell, 

Charles Harrison, 

Bartholomew Thatcher, 

Daniel Cozens, 

Thomas Hunlock, 

John Barbaric. 

Edward Steele. 

John Jenkins, 

William Turner, 



26 



The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 



Lieutenants, 



Ensigns, 



John Hatton, 
James Harrison, 
John Coombes, 
Enoch Lyon, 
John Willis, 
Cornelius Thompson. 
Nathaniel Coombes, 
John Shannon, 
William Banks, 
John Leonard, 
Lewis Thompson, 
George Lee, 
Ruloff Rulofifs, 
Stephen Millidge. 



THIRD BATTALION. 



Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major, 

Adjutant, 

Quartermaster, 

Surgeon, 

Chaplain, 

Captains, 



Lieutenants, 



Ensigns, .... 



Abraham Van Buskirk. 
Philip Van Cortlandt. 
John Hyslop. 
William Sorrell. 
John Hammell. 
Daniel Batwell. 
William Van Allen, 
Samuel Ryerson, 
Jacob Van Buskirk, 
Edward Earle, 
Waldron Bleau, 
Norman McLeod, 
Donald Campbell. 
John Van Buskirk, 
James Servanier, 
John Hyslop, 
John Simonson, 
William Stevenson, 
Josiah Parker, 
George Lambert, 
Justus Earle, 
Richard Cooper. 
Philip Van Cortlandt, Jr. 



In the Revolutionary War. 27 

Ensigns, . . . . William Sorrell, 

John Jcwt'tt, 
Uriah Bleau, 
Henry Van Allen, 
Robt-rt Woodward, 
Stephen Ryder, 

Hendorff, 

Makom Wilmott. 

In addition to what has been written in reference to the 
conduct of these tory volunteers during the Revolutionary 
War, special mention must now be given of the officers who 
commanded this contingent during that period. 

Brigadier-General. 

CoRTLANDT Skinnbr. — A fcw purely personal facts with , 
regard to General Siiinner need only now be added. He 
was of Scotch ancestry and was born in 1728, was the 
Speaker of the Colonial Legislature after 1765 and the last 
Attorney-General of the King for the Province of New Jer- 
sey. He was considered a lawyer of marked ability and 
strict integrity of character. He continued his allegiance 
to the Crown and received authority to form a corps of loy- 
alists for duty as a brigade of New Jersey Volunteers in the 
military service. He was made colonel thereof July 1st, 
1776, and afterward commissioned brigadier-general. He 
served as such during the whole war. His family lived in 
New York city and afterward at Jamaica, Long Island, 
during the war, and at its conclusion they all sailed for 
England. He continued through life on the half-pay list 
of the British Government as a general officer, and he died 
at Bristol, March 15th, 1799. He married, in 1752, Eliza- 



28 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

beth, daughter of Philip Kearney, of Perth Atnboy, New- 
Jersey. He had five sons and eleven daughters. 

Lieutenant-Colonels. 

Isaac Allen. — About the time of General Howe's occu- 
pation of Trenton, in December, 1776, the family of Isaac 
Allen left their home in that city, accepted protection 
papers and were ever afterward considered subjects of King 
George. Isaac Allen was commissioned December 3d, 1776, 
in the Sixth Battalion. At the siege of Savannah, Georgia, 
October 9t]i, 1779, he appears as in command of the Third 
Battalion, but in the later years of the war in the Second 
Battalion as its lieutenant-colonel. During the war all 
his property in Trenton was confiscated. In the year 1783 
he resumed his profession as a lawyer in St. John, New 
Brunswick, and in after years took a seat upon the supreme 
bench and was a member of the Council of the Province. 
His death occurred in the year 1806, in the sixty-fifth year 
of his age. 

Joseph Barton. — This ofiBcer appears on the rolls of 
1778 as in command as lieutenant-colonel of the Fifth 
Battalion, and, in the following year, of the First Battalion. 
He was captured by the patriots under Generals Stirling 
and Sullivan, on Staten Island, August 22d, 1777. He left 
the service in 1781. Very little is known of his personal 
history. 

Stephen DeLancey. — He was of the illustrious family 
of that name in New York. It does not appear why he 
accepted a commission in a New Jersey Regiment as lieu- 



In the Revolutionary War. 29 

tenant-colonel of the First Battalion, but he was commis- 
sioned as such September 5th, 1776, wliile he was a pris- 
oner. On the evening of June 4th, 1776, he was celebrating 
the birthday of George III, and being loud in his expres- 
sions of loyalty, he and his party were arrested by the 
patriotic citizens of Albany and given in the safe-keeping 
of Governor Trumbull of Connecticut, who seems to have 
taken charge during the war of such tories. After his 
release he was again commissioned lieutenant-colonel of 
the First Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers, December 25th, 
1781, and so continued until the close of the war. After 
peace was declared he removed to Nova Scotia. 

Edward Vaughan Dongan. — He was the youngest son 
of Walter Dongan, of Staten Island, New York. He held 
the office of lieutenant-colonel of the Third Battalion, and 
in command thereof at the beginning of that organization. 
In the skirmish on Staten Island, hereinbefore described, 
on August 22d, 1777, he was severely wounded and died 
soon after. He was in his twenty-ninth year at the time 
of his death, and the record of the times calls him " a 
young gentlemaj of uncommon merit, both as a man and 
a soldier." 

Elisha Lawrence. — The family of Lawrence, in Mon- 
mouth county, was well represented in the Continental 
Army and the militia of the State in the Revolutionary 
War. John Lawrence, however, a land surveyor, was an 
ardent loyalist, and was imprisoned for his conduct during 
that period, and his son, Dr. John Lawrence, was arrested 
and kept in Trenton and then in Morristown, on parole- 
The Provincial Congress of New Jersey on July 17th, 1776, 



30 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

had an interesting discussion of his case. Another son, 
Elisha Lawrence, who, in 1775, was sheriff of the county, 
was one of the most zealous supporters of the Crown. In 
1776, at the age of twenty six, he was made the command- 
ing officer of the First Battalion of New Jersey Volunteers, 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, having been very 
active in organizing the corps. His property was con- 
fiscated and sold April 5th, 1779. In the skirmish on 
Staten Island, August 22d, 1777, he was captured by 
Colonel Matthias Ogden and the forces under Major-Gen- 
eral John Sullivan, and his connection with the Jersey 
Volunteers ceased at that date. After the war Colonel 
Lawrence removed to Nova Scotia, retiring on half pay, 
and he died at Cardigan, Wales, in the year 1811. 

John Morris. — In the early stages of the war he was 
commissioned as lieutenant-colonel in the Second Bat- 
talion, New Jersey contingent to the Royal army, and he 
remained in the service until 1780. His services do not 
appear very prominent, and little is known of him except 
that on one occasion he chose to disobey the orders of the 
commanding general of the British Army, who had directed 
him to destroy some salt factories in Monmouth county. 
Exercising some conscience in the matter, he spared cer- 
tain private stores and only levied on public property. 
The result of this unmilitary conduct is not known to be 
on record. In the Constitutional Gazette, of August 26th, 
1776, he is noted as having been commissioned lieutenant- 
colonel on the 17th inst. He formerly served in the Forty- 
seventh Regiment of the British Line. 

Abraham Van Buskirk. — He entered the service No- 



In the Revolutionary War. 31 

vember 16th, 1776, with the rank of major, and in 1778 he 
was in commission as lieutenant-colonel of the Fourth Bat- 
talion. In 1782 and in 1783 he w^as in command of the 
Third Battalion. He distinguished himself, with his bat- 
talion, at the attack on Fort Griswold, in the harbour of 
New London, Connecticut, and in the massacre which fol- 
lowed, and is spoken of in report by Arnold with applause 
for his great services. He did not remain in the United 
States after the war, but removed immediately to Shelburne, 
Nova Scotia, and became mayor of the city. 

Majors. 

John Antill. — Although an officer of this name held the 
commission of major in the Second Battalion, New Jersey 
Volunteers, in 1778 and 1779, comparatively nothing is 
known of his service up to August 15th, 1780, when he was 
cashiered for making " false returns and drawing provis- 
ions for more men than the effective strength of his bat- 
talion." He married the daughter of Alexander Golden, 
surveyor-general of New York. 

John Barnes. — He was a resident of Trenton, New Jer- 
sey, before the war, and was high sheriff of the county of 
Hunterdon up to July 18th, 1776, when he was superceded 
by the Provincial Congress of New Jersey because he re- 
fused to execute the writs issued by its authority. His res- 
idence on Queen, now Greene street, below Front, was used 
by General Washington on December 29th, 1776, as his 
headquarters. In the beginning of tlie organization of the 
Volunteers he accepted the office of major in the First Bat- 
talion. He was severely wounded August 22d, 1777, at the 



32 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

same time Lieutenant-Colonel Dongan was wounded, and 
died August 31st, 1777, " much lamented as a worthy man 
and a gallant soldier." 

Daniel Isaac Browne.— There is nothing known of the 
military record of this officer, except that he held the office 
of major in the Fourth Battalion in 1778, and left the ser- 
vice that same year. Nor is his personal history known 
before or after the war. 

John Golden. — We find an officer of this name as a 
major in the Second Battalion New Jersey Volunteers in 
1778 and 1779. In 1782 we find him, by reason of consoli- 
dation of the battalion a captain in the First Battalion. 
He is believed to be a grandson of Lieutenant-Governor 
Golden. [See New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Register, Vol. IV., Jan., 1873, page 171.J 

Robert Drummond. — Few men did more to make General 
Skinner's Brigade a numerical success than Robert Drum- 
mond. He spent most of the fall of 1776 recruiting for the 
Volunteers, was very successful and was made major of the 
Third Battalion November 20th, 1776, and in 1782 and 
1783 of the Second Battalion. He was in service during 
the whole war. A large number of the men enlisted by 
him fell victims to fever in the Southern campaign. He 
died in the Chelsea Hospital, district of London, and was 
buried in St. Luke's churchyard, February 3d, 1789. 
Major Drummond lived before the war at Acquackanonk 
Landing, now Passaic, New Jersey, and was a merchant 
and shipper. He married, April 1st, 1759, Jennie, 
daughter of Elias Vreeland. A portrait of him is still ex- 



In the Revolutionary War. 33 

tant, taken in London in 1784, which represents him in the 
uniform of a British officer, scarlet coat, blue facings and 
buff vest. He was a member of the General Assembly of 
the Province of New Jersey from 1770 to 1774, a deputy to 
the Provincial Congress in May, 1775, and again in October, 
1775, in January and June, 1776. On July 2d, 1776, he 
voted against the adoption of the Constitution of the State. 
In 1778 his property was all confiscated. A sketch of the 
life of this officer may be found in the " Paterson Press " 
of January Bist, 1877. 

Thomas Leonard. — This man was one of the first of 
Jersey tories. He resided in Freehold, and in April, 1775, 
the Committee of Inspection proclaimed that he must be 
treated as a " foe to the rights of America." We find him 
as major of the First Battalion in 1778, and leaving the 
regiment the same year. After the war he lived in Nova 
Scotia. 

Thomas Millidge. — Was a resident of Hanover town- 
ship, Morris county. New Jersey. He was a deputy sur- 
veyor in New Jersey by appointment of the King before 
the war. In the course of the numerous surveys he made 
he acquired a large amount of very valuable real estate. 
When the war broke out he joined the brigade of loyalists 
under Skinner — it is thought out of a conscientious regard 
for his sworn allegiance to the Crown. He was commis- 
sioned major of the Fifth Battalion, December 11th, 1776; 
was made made major of the First Battalion in 1779, and 
so continued until the end of the war. All of his land in 
New Jersey was immediately confiscated by the patriots. 
At the close of the war he settled in Nova Scotia. Only 
3 



34 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

once did he return to Morris county, and then his old 
neighbours gave him distinctly to understand that he was 
not wanted there. He died in the year 18i6. He is 
always represented as a very honorable man, firm in his 
convictions of duty and correct in his habits of life. 

Richard V. Stockton. — Major Stockton, of the Sixth 
Battalion of Volunteers, was a resident of Princeton, and a 
connection of the patriotic family at " Morven." He, how- 
ever, was a tory of the most malignant type, and his private 
character could not have been exemplary, as he was called 
" Double Dick," on account of sundry unfair transactions. 
He was also known as the " famous land pilot," because of 
his skill as a guide in the uninhabited parts of New Jersey. 
Colonel John Neilson, of the Second Regiment, Middlesex 
Militia, surprised Major Stockton and his party at Law- 
rence Island, on the morning of February 18th, 1777, and 
took sixty-three prisoners. Colonel Neilson was promoted 
for this little affair to a general ofiBcer, and Major Stockton 
was sent by General Putman in irons to Philadelphia. 
Washington said of him that he had been " very active 
and mischievous, but desired that he should be treated as 
a captured ofiBcer, and not as a felon." He was tried 
August 15th, 1780, by general court-martial for the murder 
of Derrick Amberman, of Long Island, found guilty and 
sentenced to suffer death. The sentence seeqas, however, 
not to have been inflicted. Some account of his villainous 
conduct is narrated in Sabine's Loyalists, Vol. II, page 
335. After the war he spent the. balance of his life at St. 
John, New Brunswick. He married a daughter of Joseph 
Hatfield, of Elizabeth town. 



In the Revolutionary War. 35 

Robert Timpany.— He was an Irishman by birth and 
received his education at the University of Glasgow. He 
came to America in 1760, lived in Philadelphia several 
years, and then removed to Bergen county. New Jersey, 
opening a school at Hackensack. He was made major of 
the Fourth Battalion in 1778. He was a very ardent sol- 
dier during the entire war, always ready to serve his King, 
and he received several wounds during the campaigns in 
the South. He attained the great age of one hundred and 
two years, dying at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, in 1844. His 
name on the records is often written Tenpenny. 

Philip Van Cortlandt. — He was of the well-known 
Dutch family of Van Cortlandt, who took such a prominent 
part among the early settlers of New Amsterdam as land 
owners on the Hudson river. His birth year is stated as 
1739. Although considered a resident of New York, he is 
found as major of the Third Battalion of New Jersey Vol- 
unteers, December 11th, 1776, and he remained in service 
for all the years of the war. He must be carefully distin- 
guished from his cousin. Colonel (afterwards General) Philip 
Van Cortlandt, of the Second New York Continental Regi- 
ment, or from Colonel Philip Van Cortland, of Essex 
county, New Jersey, who commanded a battalion and 
fought on the patriot side under General Heard at the 
battle of Long Island. The property of Major Van Cort- 
landt was all confiscated, and he fled to England after the 
war, dying in May, 1814, aged seventy-four years. In Sa- 
bine's Loyalists will be found an account of his own very 
large family. Four of his five sons were officers in th^ 
army of Great Britain. 



36 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Adjutants. 

John Atchison. — An officer by this name was commis- 
sioned April 25th, 1782, as an ensign and adjutant of the 
First Battalion. He had evidently been promoted for ser- 
vice in the ranks. Nothing is known of his history. 

George Cypher. — On the resignation of Adjutant Thomp- 
son, George Cypher was made adjutant of the Second Bat- 
talion, September 7th, 1783. This was just at the close of 
the war. 

Isaac Heddkn. — He was a lieutenant and adjutant of 
the Fifth Battalion, commissioned July 29th, 1777, and 
held the same commission in the First Battalion the next 
year, but then declined the staff position, and remained in 
the line until the organization was disbanded. He was 
made, so Sabine says, clerk of the House of Assembly of 
the Province of New Brunswick. 

Patrick Henry. — Mr. Henry was lieutenant and adju- 
tant of the First Battalion until late in the fall of 1778, 
when he was dropped from said oflSce. His after history 
is not known. 

John Hyslop. — He was commissioned a lieutenant in 
the Fourth Battalion, March 25th, 1777, and adjutant of 
the Third Battalion, June 1st, 1781, and as such remained 
until peace was declared. His history, or that of his family 
has not been found. 

OziAS Insley.— On August 25th, 1780, he appears as &n 



In the Revolutionary War. 37 

ensign in the first battdion and adjutant thereof, but was 
supplanted by John Atchison as adjutant, in April, 1782. 
His militar}' service otherwise is not known. With other 
officers he left for Nova Scotia after the declaration of 
peace, but died on Staten Island, the scene of his military 
service. 

John Jenkins — On the rolls of the Third Battalion, in 
1778, we find the name of this officer as lieutenant and 
and adjutant, commissioned March 20th, 1777, and he held 
the line office in the Second Battalion until the end of the 
war, although John Hyslop takes his place on staff duty in 
1781. We find his name after the war as a resident of 
New Brunswick, Canada, and a grantee of the city of St. 
John. 

Arthur Maddox. — This officer was a captain and 
adjutant in the Fourth Battalion up to the close of the year 
1778, and is then dropped from the rolls and nothing more 
is known of him. 

Thomas T. Pritchard. — He commenced his service as a 
lieutenant and adjutant of the second battalion at the 
opening of the contest, and in 1780 is lost to the service. 

Cornelius Thompson. — The records show an officer of 
this name as ensign in the Second Battalion, March 24thj 
1777, and as adjutant, commissioned June 29th, 1780. He 
was promoted a lieutenant, February 22d, 1783, and 
resigned his commission as adjutant, September 7th, 1783. 



38 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Quartermasters. 

Fleming Colgan. — He was quartermaster of the Fifth 
Battalion in 1778, but does not appear in the Volunteers 
after that date. 

Bartholomew Doughty. — This man is enrolled as quar- 
termaster of the First Battalion in 1779. 

•John Falser was quartermaster of the Third Battalion 
from its organization until 1781, then transfei'red to the 
Second Battalion and resigned February 22d, 1783. 

Daniel James. — On the resignation of Quartermaster 
Falker, Daniel James took his ofifice, and so continued 
until the Second Battalion was disbanded. He was origi- 
nally a resident of Philadelphia, but did not return there 
after the war. It is believed he settled in Shelburne, Nova 
Scotia. 

Thomas Morrison. — He was ensign and quartermaster 
of the Second Battalion up to the year 1778, was then pro- 
moted lieutenant, and still held the oflSce of quartermaster 
of that organization in 1780. 

Jambs Nealson was lieutenant and quartermaster of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Lawrence's First Battalion in 1778, and 
afterward a captain-lieutenant for a short time. 

William Sorrell entered the service of the King, De- 
cember 24th, 1776, when he was commissioned quarter- 
master of the Fourth Battalion. He was also commis- 



In the Revolutionary War. 39 

sioned an ensign and quartermaster of the Third Battalion, 
July 31st, 1779, and so continued until peace was an- 
nounced. He was a prisoner of war iu Philadelphia, 
August 28th, 1779, and February 12th, 1780, as is shown 
by the paroles in the collections of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. 

Theodore Valleau was quartermaster of the First 
Battalion for a short time after the death of Quartermaster 
Waddington, in 1782, but does not appear on the rolls the 
following year. 

John Waddington. — During the years 1780, 1781 and a 
part of 1782, this ofiQcer was the quartermaster of the First 
Battalion, but died of disease during the last-mentioned 
year. 

Surgeons. 

Absalom Bainbridge. — Dr. Bainbridge was born at 
Maidenhead, now Lawrenceville, Mercer county. New Jer- 
sey, in the year 1742, graduated at the Princeton College 
in 1762, and for several years practiced the profession of 
medicine in his native village. In 1773 he removed to 
Princeton and was elected president of the State Medical 
Society. In 1777 he removed to Flatbush, Long Island, 
and then to New York city, and having accepted protec- 
tion from the British, he was commissioned surgeon in 
General Skinner's Brigade, but ceased his connection there- 
with before April, 1778. He was the great-grandfather of 
the late Rev. Dr. John Maclean, for many years president 
of Princeton College, and the father of Commodore William 



40 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Bainbridge, of the United States Navy. After service in 
the volunteers, Dr. Bainbridge resumed his practice in 
New Yorls and died there, June 23d, 1807. 

Daniel Bancroft. — He was surgeon of the Second Bat- 
talion at the closing days of the war. This is generally 
considered to be the man who was confined in the prison 
in Philadelphia in 1777. On being released, he became a 
more ardent tory than ever before. 

Henry Dongan. — This officer was surgeon of the Third 
Battalion up to 1778. He was, no doubt, of the same 
family as the dead soldier, Lieutenant-Colonel Dongan. 
His personal history cannot now be ascertained. 

Charles Earle. — At the beginning of the war he was 
surgeon of the Second Battalion, but was dropped in 1781, 
and on April 24th, 1782, we find him restored to the ser- 
vice, but as surgeon of the First Battalion. 

John Hammell. — At the beginning of the war we find 
Dr. Hammell on the patriot side, and July 24th, 1776, he 
was commissioned surgeon's mate of Colonel Van Cortland's 
Battalion of Heard's Brigade, New Jersey detached militia. 
He went with General Heard's command to re-inforce 
the array at New York, and in his professional capacity 
took part in the battle of Long Island. Soon after that he 
professed his allegiance to Great Britain and accepted ser- 
vice in the British Army. He was commissioned surgeon 
of the Fourtli Battalion, New Jersey Volunteers, November 
25th, 1776. In the fall of 1777 he was captured on Staten 
Island by a party of troops under Major-General Philemon 



In the JRevolutionary War. 41 

Dickinson, who commanded the New Jersey Militia in the 
field, and by order of the Council of Safety, November 
81st, 1777, he was committed to the jail for high treason. 
He was surgeon of the Third Battalion at tiie close of the 
war. 

UzAL Johnson. — He was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
April 17th, 1757. On the 17th of February, 1776, he was 
commissioned surgeon of the North Battalion, Second 
Regiment, of Essex County Militia. When the colonies 
declared themselves independent, he retained his allegiance 
to the British Crown, and soon after is found in commis- 
sion as surgeon of the Fifth Battalion of New Jersey Vol- 
unteers, afterward transferred to the First Battalion. He 
went with the New Jersey contingent to South Carolina, 
and was of great service to the wounded at King's Moun- 
tain. He lived in Newark after the war, and died there 
May 22d, 1827. 

William Peterson was surgeon of the First Battalion 
at the beginning of the war, in the Third in 1779, and in 
1782 in the Second Battalion. I am unable to find any 
other personal record of him than that he was once taken 
prisoner on Staten Island in 1777. 

Surgeon's Mates. 

James Boggs was surgeon's mate of the Second Battalion 
during the first two years of the war. He was a Pennsyl- 
vanian by birth and residence. He continued after the 
war as surgeon of the British army in Canada, was made 
surgeon of the garrison at Halifax, November 22d, 1798, 



42 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

was retired on half-pay in 1814, and died in Halifax in 
1832, ninety-one years of age.) 

Haulenbeok. — An officer of tliis name, with 

Christian name unknown, is found on the rolls of the 
Third Battalion of the Volunteers in 1782, but is out of the 
service in 1783. 

Stephen Millidge, a son of Major Millidge, was for 
several years surgeon's mate of the Fifth Battalion, but he 
seems to have tired of the medical profession, for, September 
14th, 1783, he is found in commission as ensign in the 
Second Battalion. 

Chaplains. 

Thomas Barton was born in Ireland in the year 1730. 
He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and in 1752 
he came to live in Philadelphia. In 1753 he married in 
that city the sister of the celebrated David Rittenhouse. In 
1755 he received, the s^ppointment of a missionary to the 
counties of York and Cumberland, Pennsylvania. In the 
year 1758 he became chaplain to the forces under General 
Forbes after the defeat at Fort Du Quesne. For twenty 
years thereafter he was rector of the English Church at 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In 1770 he received the degree 
of Master of Arts from King's College, New York. When 
the Revolutionary War opened he maintained his allegiance 
to Great Britain, was forced to abandon his patriotic con- 
gregation, and removed to New York city in November, 
1778. In 1779 he became chaplain of the Third Battalion, 
New Jersey Volunteers, and died May 25th, 1780, in New 



In the Revolutionary War. 43 

York city, and was interred in the chancel of St. George's 
Chapel. 

Daniel Batwell.— He was, October 25tli, 1778, commis- 
sioned chaplain of the Fourth Battalion, and in the later 
years of the war he did the same duty in the Third Battal- 
ion. He was a resident of Pennsylvania, being rector of 
Episcopal churches in the counties of York and Cumber- 
laud. He was, in 1776, arrested and confined in the prison 
at York, Pennsylvania, for disloyalty to America. He 
moved his family into New York, when he joined the Skin- 
ner's Greens, and on the declaration of peace went to 
England. 

Charles Inglis was made chaplain of the First Battalion 
of Volunteers, April 25th, 1781, and so continued until the 
war closed. In 1783 he moved to Halifax. He was made 
the first bishop of Nova Scotia on August 12th, 1787, and 
was thereby the first Colonial Bishop of the Church of Eng- 
land. He died at the age of eighty-two at Halifax, Febru- 
ary 24th, 1816. A picture of Dr. Inglis may be found on 
page 79 of " Lawrence's Incidents in Early History of New 
Brunswick." 

Charles Morgan. — On December 24tb, 1780, Charles 
Morgan was made chaplain of the Second Battalion, but 
was removed in June, 1783, by the appointment of Mr. 
Sayre. 

John Rowland. — At the organization of the Second 
Battalion this minister took the chaplaincy and remained 
therein until 1781. The identity of this man with John 



44 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Hamilton Rowland, the missionary of Episcopal church in 
Pennsylvania, cannot now be determined. 

James Sayre.— Mr. Sayre, on June 10th, 1783, took Mr. 
Morgan's place as chaplain of the Second Battalion. He 
was a rector of the Episcopal church in Brooklyn, and 
attended also to his duties with the brigade on Staten 
Island. Soon after this he removed to St. John, New 
Brunswick, was a grantee of that city and then accepted a 
charge at Newport, Rhode Island. He died at Fairfield, 
Connecticut, at the age of lifty-three, in the year 1798. 

Edward Winslow was the brigade-chaplain of Skinner's 
Brigade until the year 1780, when he died in New York, 
aged fifty-nine. His successor in that office does not 
appear on the rolls. He was a Boston man, a graduate of 
Harvard University. He was of the Episcopal denomina- 
tion and was one time settled in Quincy, Massachusetts. 
He came to New York city, escaping from the patriotic 
feeling in his church, and tiiere he formed the friendship 
of General Skinner, and so joined his forces as stated. 

Captains. 

David Alston. — He was captain in the Third Battalion 
in 1778, but resigned the same year. 

John Barbarie. — He was born in the year 1751 and in 
1776 organized a company for Skinner's command, com- 
missioned first as a lieutenant and then was made a cap- 
tain in the First Battalion December 31, 1778. He was 
captured on Staten Island, in 1777, and lodged in the gaol 



In the Revolutionary War. 45 

at Trenton, New Jersey. In 1779 he seems to have been 
dropped from the rolls, but restored to commission in 1782 
and 1783, but in the Second Battalion. He enjoyed the 
reputation of being a brave and gallant soldier. In the 
campaign in the South he was twice wounded, once at the 
siege of Fort Ninety-Six, in South Carolina, May 22d, 1781, 
and again at the battle of Eutaw Springs, South Carolina, 
September 8th, 1781. After the declaration of peace he 
resided at St. John, New Brunswick, and died in the year 
1818. 

Benjamin Barton. — This officer was a captain in the 
Fifth Battalion in 1778, but with that year his militajy 
service ceased. 

Uriah Bleau. — On January 13th, 1777, he was commis- 
sioned a captain in the Second Battalion, but the following 
year he appears as an ensign, first in the Second Battalion 
and then in the Third Battalion and so continues until the 
end of the war. In the battle of Eutaw Springs, South 
Carolina, he was taken prisoner by the forces under Gen- 
eral Nathaniel Greene. 

Waldron Bleau. — This officer was a resident of the 
city of New York, but was made captain in the Second 
Battalion November 23d, 1776, and July 24th, 1781, trans- 
ferred as captain to the Third Battalion. He was in the 
volunteers during the whole war. All his property in 
New York was confiscated, and he died in St. John, that 
great city of refuge for tories, within a week after his arrival 
there in 1783. 



46 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Daniel Bkssonet was a captain in the Fourth Battalion 
until 1779, when he left the service. He belonged to the 
family of that name residing in Bristol, Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania. 

Donald Campbell was a captain in the Second until 
1781 and then captain in the Third Battalion frona July 
24th, 1781, and so remained until the close of the war. 

Patrick Campbell. — He coromenced his service in 1777 
as a captain in the Fourth Battalion, in the Third in 1779, 
and captain in the Second Battalion in 1781 and 1782. 
He left the service on the declaration of peace. He dis- 
tinguished himself in the Southern campaign, especially at 
King's Mountain, where he was severely wounded, and at 
the siege of Fort Ninety-Six. 

Peter Campbell was a resident of Trenton, New Jersey, 
before the war. In a letter addressed by Colonel Joseph 
Reed, Washington's adjutant-general, to the Council of 
Safety of Pennsylvania, dated January 1st, 1776, (should 
be 1777), Pennsylvania Archives, First Series, Vol. V., p. 
151, it appears that he was arrested and sent to Philadel- 
phia because he had " been appointed a captain in a new 
regiment proposed to be raised for the king's service.' 
General Washington desired him to be "closely confined.') 
He was at tiiat time a captain in the Sixth Battalion, hav- 
ing been commissioned as such December 21st, 1776. He 
was killed at the fight on Brewton's Hill, near Savannah, 
Georgia, December 29th, 1778. 

Richard Cayford. — In the minutes of the Committee of 



In the Revolutionary War. 47 

Safety of the Province of New Jersey, January 12th, 1776, 
we find a memorial concerning the arrest of this man with 
two other inhabitants of the county of Cumberland, "con- 
victed of being enemies to this country, by using their 
influence with the ignorant and unwary to raise a party to 
oppose the measures adopted for redress of grievances, curs- 
ing; and ill-treating all Congresses and committees, and refus- 
ing to give any reasonable satisfaction for their extraordi- 
nary conduct." It was found necessary by the committee to 
" use spirited exertions for the discouragement of such base 
behaviour." Cayford was then placed in close confinement, 
required to pay charges of apprehension and give security 
for his good behaviour in the sum of fifty pounds. Never- 
theless his toryism was too strong for prison bars or legal 
bonds and he next appears in the following year as a cap- 
tain in the First Battalion New Jersey Volunteers. He 
remained in this organization until 1781. 

William Chandler, was the son of the celebrated Epis- 
copal divine. Rev. Thomas B. Chandler, D. D., of Elizabeth- 
town, New Jersey. He was born in May, 1756, and graduated 
at King's College in the class of 1774. He died in 
England, October 22d, 1784. He was appointed a captain 
in the volunteers on Staten Island, April, 1777, but in 1779 
he had not received his commission as such. He was con- 
sidered a tory of the most conspicuous character. A sketch 
of his father is to be found in Dr. Hatfield's History of 
Elizabeth, page 537. 

John Cougle.— He was a resident of Pennsylvania in 
1775, but in 1776* joined the New Jersey Volunteers and 
was made a lieutenant in the Fifth Battalion. On July 



48 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

29th, 1778, he was promoted captain in the First Battalion, 
and so continued until the close of the war. He died in 
Uie province of New Brunswick in 1819, at the age of 
seventy-three. 

Daniel Cozens was a captain in the Third Battalion of 
Volunteers December 25th, 1778. He distinguished liim- 
self greatly as a zealous officer of the Crown, and in the 
siege of Savannah, October 9th, 1779, lost his life. For 
some unexplained reason he appears on the roster of the 
Second Battalion until the end of the war. 

Joseph Crowell was a captain in the Fifth Battalion 
December 6th, 1776. In 1779 and thereafter he was a 
captain in the First Battalion. He was a resident of Mid- 
dletown, Monmouth county. New Jersey, before the war. 
His property was confiscated and sold March 22d, 1779. 
He was ordered on one occasion to execute an officer who 
had never been tried, but so great was the protest against 
it that the order was countermanded. He removed his 
family to the province of New Brunswick after the war, 
and he died there. 

Edward Earle. — He was commissioned a lieutenant in 
tlie Fourth Battalion November 22d, 1776, and on July 3d, 
1781, made captain in the Third Battalion. He served 
(luring the whole war, and then moved his family to New 
Brunswick, and died in that colony. 

Patrick Haggerty was commissioned an ensign in the 
Fifth Battalion in 1776, lieutenant in First Battalion, 
1779, and made captain therein December 25th, 1781. He 



In the Revolutionary War. 49 

settled in Digby, Nova Scotia, in 1783, and died there soon 
after. 

Charles Harrison was a resident of Trenton, New 
Jersey, before the war. On the 1st of January, 1777, 
Adjutant-General Joseph Reed sent him as a prisoner to 
the Council of Safety of Philadelphia, as one who " had 
taken a command or appointment as captain in a new 
regiment proposed to be raised under Isaac Allen for the 
the King's service." He was a prisoner at York, Pennsyl- 
vania, in July, 1778. He must have escaped from this 
custody, for he served as a captain in the Sixth Battalion 
of the Volunteers in the fall of 1778, then as captain in 
the Third, and after 1781 in the Second Battalion. In 
later years he became a grantee of the city of St. John, 
New Brunswick. 

Cornelius Hatfield, Jr. — Few Jerseymen carried their 
toryism to the extent of this officer. He seemed to have a 
special hatred to his own townsmen of Elizabethtown. Dr. 
Hatfield's history of that place has many references to his 
bad conduct. He was a captain in the volunteers up to the 
summer of 1778. He was at one time thought to have been 
a party to the murder of a Mr. Ball, and fled from the 
country during the latter years of the war. In 1789 he re- 
turned to the United States and was arrested for the crime_ 
but escaped punishment by reason of the terms of the treaty 
of peace of 1783. He died in England at an advanced age. 

John Hatfield was a captain in the Third Battalion in 
1778, but does not afterward appear in service. He cannot 
now be identified with the John Smith Hatfield of Eliza- 



50 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

beth Town, New Jersey, who has a very similar record of 
murder and cruelty, as Cornelius Hatfield, Jr. [See Sabine's 
Loyalists, Vol. I, p. 524.J 

Samuel Heydbn was a captain in the Fourth Battalion 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Van Buskirk. He was captured 
in February, 1777, gave his parole— which he broke — was 
taken and sent by Colonel Weeden, of Virginia, adjutant- 
general of the American Army from Morristown, New 
Jersey, February 26th, 1777, to the Committee of Safety, 
with tlie remark that a " proper attention to him may be 
found necessary." He seems to have received proper atten- 
tion, for he does not appear afterward in the service. 

Samuel HtJdnot, a captain in the Third Battalion until 
the summer of 1779. Nothing more known of him. 

Thomas Hunlock was a captain in the Third Battalion, 
commissioned December 26th, 1778, but transferred as cap- 
tain, in 1781, to the Second Battalion, and so remained to 
the end of the war. He was a half-pay oflBcer on the British 
lists at New Brunswick after 1783. His place and date of 
death unknown. 

William Hutchinson was a lieutenant in the Fifth, then 
in the First, then a captain-lieutenant in the First Battalion, 
April 25th, 1782, and the following year was made captain 
in the same organization. He was, after the war, a retired 
half;pay oflBcer of the Crown. He died in Upper Canada. 

Garret Keating. — This oflBcer was a captain in the 
First Battalion in 1777, 1778 and 1779, and then left the 



In the Revolutionary War. 51 

service. A man by this name was in the gaol at Trenton, 
New Jersey, in 1777, and this is believed to have been 
the same oflScer. 

Joseph Lee.— On the 26th of June, 1776, the Provincial 
Congress of New Jersey ordered Colonel Abraham Ten 
Eick, of Somerset county, to arrest him. It was done ; and 
on the 2d of July he was apprehended as a disaffected per- 
son and ordered to be confined in the common gaol of Tren- 
ton. He was also fined one hundred pounds. He is found, 
however, soon after this, December 15th, 1776, as a captain 
in the Sixth Battalion, Skinner's Brigade, warring against 
the independence of the States. In 1779 he was transferred 
to the Third Battalion, and in 1781 to the Second, where 
we find his name, still as captain at the close of the war. 

Samuel Leonard. — This officer was a lieutenant in the 
First Battalion until August 14th, 1781, when he was pro- 
moted captain in the same organization. His service ex- 
tended over the whole term of the war. 

John Longstreet was a captain in the First Battalion 
the first year of the war, but was captured on Staten Island 
and confined in the gaol at Trenton, New Jersey. He never 
returned to the service. 

Alexander McDonald was a captain in the First Bat- 
talion after October 18th, 1782. He died in New Bruns- 
wick in 1835, at the age of seventy-two. 

Cornelius McLeod was a captain in the Second Battalion 
until 1780, and then leaves the service. 



52 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Norman McLeod was enrolled as captain of the Second 
Battalion, January 30th, 1778, but his name, for some 
reason unknown, is dropped in 1779. But July 24th, 1781, 
he was re-commissioned as captain in the Third Battalion, 
and so continued until peace was declared. He evidently 
belonged to the well-known family of that name in Eliza- 
beth Town, New Jersey. 

Peter Ruttan. — A captain in the Fourth Battalion in 
1777, and transferred to the Third Battalion in 1781. The 
closing year of the war he was not in commission. 

Samuel Ryerson, of Paterson, New Jersey. He was a 
captain in the Fourth Battalion, March 25th, 1777, and in 
1782 in the Third Battalion. He had a brother Joseph, a 
lieutenant in the Prince of Wales Volunteers. He took 
part in the battle of King's Mountain, South Carolina, Oc- 
tober 7th, 1780, and was wounded. He lived in Canada 
after the declaration of peace. 

James Shaw commenced his service in the volunteers as 
captain in the Fifth Battalion, and in the fall of 1778 he 
was transferred to First Battalion. He was mortally 
wounded in the battle of Eutaw Springs, South Carolina, 
September 8th, 1781. 

George Stanforth.— This ofiBcer was captain in the 
Second Battalion until 1780, and after this date nothing is 
known of him. 

John Taylor was born May 15th, 1742, near Amboy, 
New Jersey. He appears at the close of the war as a cap- 



In the Revolutionary War. 53 

tain in the First Battalion, commissioned October 15th, 
1780. He was a lieutenant in the same organization from 
1776 to date just named. He distinguished himself in the 
King's Mountain fight. It is quite probable that he was a 
son of Sheriff John Taylor, of MonmoutJi county. New 
Jersey. 

Bartholomew Thatcher was confined in Trenton gaol 
July 2d, 1776, at the same time as Captain Joseph Lee. 
He became a captain in the Third Battalion of the Volun- 
teers, September 10th, 1778, and after 1780 did the same 
duty in the Second Battalion. 

William Van Allen was commissioned captain in the 
Fourth Battalion, November 23d, 1776. In 1780 he is 
found in the same ofBce in the Third Battalion and served 
until peace was declared. 

Jacob Van Buskirk was the son of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Van Buskirk. He was enrolled at the beginning of the war 
and was commissioned a captain in the Third Battalion of the 
New Jersey Volunteers, May 13th, 1780. He was captured 
in November, 1777, by the troops of General Philemon 
Dickinson. In the battle of Eutaw Springs, South Caro- 
lina, September 8th, 1781, he was severely wounded. 

John Williams was a captain in the Fifth Battalion in 
1778. He was the oflScer who, by order of General Skinner, 
marked houses in Monmouth county with an " R," so that 
the tories would know who their foes were and whom they 
were at liberty to annoy. 



54 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Captain-Lieutenants. 

John Alston was a captain-lieutenant in the Third Bat- 
talioB until 1779. No particulars of his service, or life 
afterward, are now known. 

.Joseph Cunlipp was a lieutenant in 1779, and then cap- 
tain-lieutenant April 25th, 1782, in the First Battalion 
until the declaration of peace, 

Edward Steele. — This officer was a lieutenant in the 
Sixth Battalion, May 28th, 1778, in the Third in 1779, then 
promoted captain-lieutenant in the Second Battalion, and 
so continued until the close of the war. 

Lieutenants. 

Charles Babbington. — This officer was a lieutenant in 
the Second Battalion of the Volunteers in 1779. 

Henry Barton was an ensign in the First Battalion in 
1780 and 1781, and promoted lieutenant October 25th, 
1782. He remained in service until the end of the war. 
He was a son of Ijieutenant-Colonel Joseph Barton. 

James Brittain was born in 1752 and was one of the 
earliest of Jersey tories. He was very much hated by his 
neighbours and they did everything to torment and injure 
him. At last he joined the armed loyalists, with a party 
of recruits, and was commissioned an ensign in the First 
Battalion in 1779, and promoted a lieutenant April 25th, 
1782. He was considered a brave officer. On one occa- 



In the Revolutionary War. 55 

sion he was taken prisoner and sentenced to death, but he 
escaped just before the date fixed for his execution and re- 
joined his command He died in the year 1838. 

William Chew was a lieutenant in the Tliird Battalion 
in 1778, and in the Second Battalion until August 15th, 
1782, when he was transferred to the Garrison Battalion, 
with same rank. He was placed on half pay in 1783, and 
lived in New Brunswick until his death, in the year 1819, 
at the age of ninety-four. His name appears 3n the army 
list that year for the last time. 

John Coombes was born in 1752; was a lieutenant in 
the Third Battalion September 10th, 1778, and transferred 
to the Second Battalion in 1781. He died in New Bruns- 
wick in the year 1827. 

Richard Cooper was made an ensign in the Third Bat- 
talion in 1781, and a lieutenant in the Third Battalion, 
October 25th, 1782. 

John DeMonzes. — An officer by this name appears in 
the Second Battalion from 1777 to 1780. Nothing is known 
of his service. Even the spelling of his name is doubtful. 

Justus Earle was commissioned an ensign in the Fourth 
Battalion at the beginning of the war, and promoted a 
lieutenant in the Third Battalion December 18th, 1781. 
In Augnst, 1779, he appears as a prisoner of war in Phila- 
delphia, but he was afterwards exchanged and rejoined his 
command. 



56 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

John Ford was a lieutenant in the Second Battalion in the 
the year 1777. He was dismissed from the service in 
Philadelpliia May 3d, 1778, for "conduct unbecoming a 
gentleman," as we learn from General Clinton's order book. 

Francis Frazer was a lieutenant in the Third Battalion 
in 1778. 

James Harrison. — A lieutenant in the Third Battalion 
May 28th, 1778, and in 1780 in the Second Battalion. He 
remained in service to the end of the war. He fled to St. 
John, New Brunswick, and was made a grantee of that 
city. 

John Hatton was commissioned a lieutenant in the 
Sixth Battalion May 28th, 1778. In 1779 he appears in 
the Third, and in 1780 in the Second Battalion. He never 
rose to any higher office. He was severely wounded in 
the siege of- Fort Ninety-Six, South Carolina, May 22d, 
1781. 

Anthony Hollinshead was a lieutenant in the Third 
Battalion up to January, 1779, when he left the service. 

Christopher Insley.— He started with the Fifth Bat- 
talion, but he left the line in 1778. 

George Lambert. — He was enrolled January 1st, 1777, 
commissioned in the Second Battalion in 1779 as a lieu- 
tenant, and transferred as such to the Third Battalion 
July 20th, 1781, and so remained until peace was declared. 



In the Revolutionary War. 57 

John Lawrence, an ensign in the First Battalion in 
1779, made a lieutenant in the First Battalion, August 
25th, 1780, and remained in service the rest of the war. 
Sheriff John Lawrence, of Monmouth county, New Jersey, 
had a son John Lawrence, a very distinguished physician, 
about whom Sabine in his " Loyalists," Vol. II, page 2, 
gives a long and interesting sketch, and Mr. Salter, in his 
'Old Times in Monmouth County," gives a very minute, 
account, but it is not possible now to identify Doctor Law- 
rence as this Lieutenant Lawrence. Yet there are many 
circumstances which make me believe they are the same 
man. 

Enoch Lyon was commissioned a lieutenant in the 
Third Battalion, September 10th, 1778, but in 1780 was 
transferred to the Second Battalion and so remained. 

Donald McPherson was a lieutenant in the Fourth 
Battalion in 1778. He afterwards became a captain in the 
British Legion. 

James Moody. — He was born in 1744. A farmer before 
the war, of quiet habits and unpretending life. His loyalty 
to the King was sincere, and his patriot neighbours exhib- 
ited their opinion of him in a most decided manner. This 
became so annoying that in 1777 he joined the loyal troops 
of New Jersey, was made an ensign in the First Battalion 
in 1779, and August 14th, 1781, a lieutenant in the First 
Battalion. From that moment he became the uncompro- 
mising foe of freedom, and "Moody is out," was the cry in 
any locality in New Jersey which was the scene of antici- 
pated rapine and pillage, flis personal achievements in 



58 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

the military service are minutely detailed in "Sabine's 
Loyalists." On one occasion he attempted the capture of Gov- 
ernor Livingston, and his orders from Lieutenant-General 
Knyphausen, May 10th, 1780, may be found in " Moore's 
Diary of the American Revolution," Vol. II, page 307. At 
another time he was Inimself taken by General Anthony 
Wayne, and suffered much cruelty from his captors, but 
finally broke his guard and escaped. He still continued his 
attacks upon the patriots, and was often employed as a spy on 
their movements. Notwithstanding all his years of hardships 
he was never promoted above a subaltern in the military 
service. It is difficult to understand now why this was not 
done. All his property in New Jersey was confiscated. In 
1783 a " Narrative of his exertions and sufferings in the 
cause of government," was published in London, and is 
believed to have been dictated by him. An interesting 
and very full sketch of his life will be found in Salter's 
"Old Times in Old Monmouth." He died in 1809, in 
Weymouth, Nova Scotia. 

John Monro. — He was a lieutenant in the First Battalion 
in 1778, but his record is not known. 

Thomas Oakason. — His service exactly like Lieutenant 
Monro. 

JosiAH Parker, — Lieutenant in the Second Battalion 
December 23d, 1776, and transferred to the Third Battalion 
July 20th, 1781. He was in commission in the volunteers 
during the whole war. 



In the Revolutionary War. 59 

Robert Peterson was a lieutenant in the First Battalion 
the first two years of the war. 

John Reid.— Tliis officer was a lieutenant in the Fiftli 
Battalion in 1777 and 1778, and in the First Battalion from 
1779 to 1783. 

Martin Ryerson was a lieutenant in the Fourth Bat- 
talion until 1780. 

James Servanier was made a lieutenant in tlie Fourth 
Battalion January 2d, 1777, transferred in 1780 to the Third, 
and remained therein until the end of the war. He died 
in St. John, New Brunswick, in the year 1803. 

Daniel Shannon. — A lieutenant in the Fifth Battalion 
in 1778. Nothing is known of his history. 

John Simonson. — An ensign in the Fourth Battalion in 
1777 and 1778, commissioned a lieutenant in the Third 
Battalion August 25th, 1780, where he remained until peace 
was declared, when he removed to the Province of New 
Brunswick and died there. He was a prisoner of war in 
Philadelphia in August, 1779. 

Michael Smith was a lieutenant in the Fourth Battalion 
in 1777 and part of 1778, but is then dropped from the 
rolls. 

William Stevenson. — Commissioned a lieutenant in 
Second Battalion of the Volunteers December 23d, 1776; 
native of Monmouth county. New Jersey. A lieutenant in 



60 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

the Third Battalion July 20th, 1781. He distinguished 
himself in the King's Mountain fight and at siege of 
Charleston. He died at Weymouth, Nova Scotia, in 1818, 
at an advanced age. 

Andrew Stockton was a lieutenant in the First Battal- 
ion at the close of the war. He was probably an enlisted 
man during the years prior to 1782, and is the soldier who 
was taken prisoner on Staten Island August 22d, 1777, and 
confined in the Trenton gaol. 

John Thompson was made an ensign in the First Battal- 
ion in 1777, and a lieutenant in the same organization Au- 
gust 25th, 1780. 

John Throckmorton. — A lieutenant in the First Battal- 
ion the first year of the war. He had the same fate as 
Lieutenant Stockton ; but, unlike him, did not return to the 
service. 

John Troup. — A lieutenant in the Third Battalion, Vol- 
unteers. He is on the list of those severely wounded at 
Eutaw Springs, South Carolina, September 8th, 1781. 

William Turner. — A lieutenant in the Third Battalion 
March 20th, 1778. He does not appear on the rolls of 
1780-1782, but is found in commission in the Second Bat- 
talion at the dissolution of that command. 

John Van Buskirk — no doubt a member of the Bergen 
county family of that name — was made a lieutenant De- 
cember 7th, 1776, of Lieutenant Colonel Van Buskirk's 



In the Revolutionary War. 61 

Fourth Battalion, and, with him, was transferred to tlie 
Third Battalion. Although with this family influence and 
a service of seven years, he did not advance any in his 
lineal rank. 

William Van Dumont was a lieutenant in the Second 
Battalion, and July 25th, 1781, was commissioned to the 
same ofiBce in the First Battalion. His service was during 
the entire war. 

John Van Norden. — In 1777 and 1778 an ensign in the 
Fourth Battalion, and then promoted lieutenant in the 
Third Battalion, his service ceasing in 1782. After the war 
he became an instructor in King's College, Nova Scotia, 
and then removed to Bermuda, where he died. 

John Vought. — A lieutenant in the Sixth Battalion, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Allen, commanding, in 1777 and 1778. 
His residence before the war was in Monmouth county. 
New Jersey. 

Joseph Waller. — Lieutenant in the Fifth Battalion in 
1778. His history unknown. 

John Willis commenced his service as ensign of Third 
Battalion of the volunteers, then made ensign of the Second 
Battalion, October 24th, 1781, and in 1783 promoted to a 
lieutenancy. 

Samuel Richard Wilson. — A lieutenant in the Second 
Battalion in 1779. The following year he was transferred 
to the Royal Garrison Battalion. 



62 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Ensigns. 

Jonathan Alston. — Ensign in the Third Battalion from 
1777 to 1780. 

Peter Anderson, ensign in the Fifth Battalion in 1778. 
He was a member of Governor Franklin's Board of Asso- 
ciated Loyalists in New York cit}'. He died at the age of 
i)inety-five, in Frederickton, in the Province of New Bruns- 
wick. 

William Banks, an ensign in the Second Battalion, com- 
missioned October 24th, 1782. He had been a sergeant in 
that command for several years previous to this date. 

James Barton. — An ensign in the First Battalion August 
14th, 1781. 

Joseph Bean was an ensign of the Fifth Battalion in 

■ 1777 and 1778. 

Joseph Brittain. — He was a brother of Lieutenant Brit- 
tain and had a similar experience as related hereinbefore 
of that ofBcer. He was an ensign in the First Battalion, 
October 25th, 1782. He died in the year 183J, at the age 
of seventy-two. 

John Camp.— Ensign in the Third Battalion. Wounded 
in the thigh at the affair at Egg Harbour, New Jersey, 
October 15th, 1778, and after that date discharged for dis- 
ability. 



In the Revolutionary War. 63 

James Cole.— Ensign in the Fourth Battalion in the 
years 1777, 1778 and 1779, and in August of that year is 
found as a prisoner of war in Philadelphia. He did not 
return to the service. 

Nathaniel Coombes.— Commissioned an ensign in the 
Third Battalion, May 28th, 1778, transferred in 1780 to 
Second Battalion, and so remained until the war ended. 

Ezekiel Dennis.— An ensign of the Fifth Battalion in 
1778. His service is not known other than just mentioned. 

Peter Dunworth. — Ensign in the Third Battalion in 
1779. 

Daniel Grandin. — This officer was an ensign in the 
Sixth Battalion for a short time in the year 1778 and then 
left the service and lived until 1782 in New York. He was 
on the Board of the Associated Loyalists in that city dur- 
ing the war period, and then lived in Shelburne, Nova Scotia. 

Reuben Hankinson. — He is first noticed as an enlisted 
man in the volunteers, when he was taken prisoner on 
Staten Island in 1777. After he was exchanged he was 
made an ensign in the First Battalion, August 14th, 1781. 

Hendorff was made an ensign in tlie Third 

Battalion on February 5th, 1782, and thus remained until 
the close of the war. 

William K. Hurlet. — An ensign in the Second Battalion 
in 1778. 



64 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

John Jewett was commissioned an ensign in the Third 
Battalion, July 31st, 1779, and he served as such the rest of 
the war. 

Zenophon Jewett was made an ensign, July 29th, 1778, 
in the First Battalion, and so remained until 1783. 

William Lawrence was an ensign in the First Bat- 
talion until 1780, and then resigned. 

James Braiser Le Grange. — An ensign in the Third 
Battalion in 1777 and 1778, and in the Second Battalion in 
1779 and 1780. His subsequent history is not known. 

George Lee. — An ensign in the Second Battalion in 1782 
and 1783. His commission bears date December 20th, 1781. 

John Leonard. — Ensign in the Second Battalion Decem- 
ber 18th, 1781. He died in 1801 in the Province of New 
Brunswick. 

Richard Lippincott. — This infamous man commenced 
his military career as an ensign in the First Battalion dur- 
ing the year 1777 and up to the summer of the following 
year. He then left the New Jersey Volunteers and spent 
the rest of the war period, with rank as captain, in the 
direct service of the " Board of Associated Loyalists " in 
New York city. Captain Lippincott was the officer who 
hanged Captain Joshua Huddy of the New Jersey State 
Troops, April 12th, 1782. (See pamphlet by the author of 
this paper entitled "The Capture of the Block House at 
Toms River, New Jersey, March 24th, 1782.") After the 



In the Revolutionary War. 65 

war Captain Lippincott received from Great Britain three 
thousand acres of land at what is now the city of Toronto, 
Canada, and a half-pay pension for life. He died in 
Toronto in the year 1826, aged eighty-two. 

Richard McGinnis, ensign in the Third Battalion in 
1779. He was killed in the fight at King's Mountain, 
South Carolina, October 7th, 1780. He was at the time 
acting as a lieutenant in Ferguson's Corps. 

Hector McLean, ensign in the First Battalion in 1777 
and 1778. 

Colin McVane was an ensign in the Fourth Battalion 
in 1778 and 1779. 

Phineas Millidge, ensign in the First Battalion, August 
25th, 1780. He was the youngest of four sons of Major 
Thomas Millidge. He died in Nova Scotia in the year 
1836, at the age of seventy-one. 

Peter Myer, ensign in the volunteers in the fall of 1778 
and 1779. He was killed in a raid in Bergen county. New 
Jersey, in the year 1779. 

John Robbins. — Ensign in the First Battalion in 1777 
and 1778, and captured on Staten Island August 22d, 1777. 
He is found in Trenton goal soon after the event. 

Rulopf Rulopps. — Commissioned an ensign in the 
Second Battalion October 15th, 1783, 
5 



66 The New Jersey Volunteers (Loyalists) 

Stephen Ryder. — An ensign in the Third Battalion 
December 20th, 1781. 

George Ryerson. — Ensign in the Fourth Battalion in 
1778. 

John Sbamon. — Commissioned an ensign in the Third 
Battalion in 1779, but remained in service but one year. 

James Service. — An ensign in the Sixth Battalion in 
1778. 

John Shannon was commissioned an ensign in the 
Second Battalion September 10th, 1778, and remained as 
such until the close of the war. 

Philip Kearney Skinner. — A resident of Perth Amboy, 
New Jersey. He was a son of General Skinner. He was 
commissioned by his father as ensign in the First Bat- 
talion November 10th, 1781.' He was, after the war, placed 
in the British line — the Twenty-Third Regiment of Foot — 
and after various promotions he became, in 1825, lieuten- 
ant-general of the British army. The following year, 
April 9th, 1826, he died in London. 

John Swanton was an ensign in the Third Battalion in 
1778 and until 1782, when we find him in the same office 
in the Second Battalion. 

Lewis Thompson was commissioned an ensign in the 
Second Battalion December 19th, 1781. 



In the Revolutionary War. 67 

Henry Van Allen.— Made an ensign in the Third Bat- 
talion Decenaber 18th, 1781. 

KHiLip Van Cortlandt, Jr. — Ensign in his father's Bat- 
3n, the Third, July 31st, 1779. 

Malcom Wilmott. — Ensign in the Third Battalion after 
October 25th, 1782. 

John Woodward, of quaker parentage, living in Mon- 
mouth county. But he abjured the faith which is opposed 
to " warrings and fightings," and we find him as an ensign 
in the First Battalion August 14th, 1781. He died in the 
Province of New Brunswick in the year 1805. 

Robert Woodward. — Commissioned an ensign in the 
Third Battalion December 19th, 1781, and remained therein 
until peace was declared and the New Jersey Volunteers 
disbanded.