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Full text of "General orders issued by Major-General William Heath when in command of the eastern department, 23 May, 1777- 3 October, 1777 with some fragmentary orders of Major-general Putnam and Lt. Col. Wm. S. Smith"

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Cornell University Library 
c.^00 .Uoo 

•^eneffl orders issued by Maior-General W 


3 1924 032 750 733 









Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 


NO. 1 






23 MAY, 1777—3 OCTOBER, 1777. 







/I 3 dSKZ . X 



250 Copies Printed. 



It must be confessed that an Orderly Book does not 
make very interesting reading, even when it represents 
an army in action. It is still less interesting when it 
depicts a garrison life, the monotony being broken 
only by the records of courts martial, or by a possible 
call from the outside for troops. At the same time, it 
is from such books that valuable facts may be found to 
complete other and more important records. The 
evolution of an army from the aggregation of raw re- 
cruits yielding to the iron discipline of military law, 
the development and application of this discipline, the 
daily Hfe in camp, the movement of corps and brigades, 
the details of army organization, and often the words 
of praise and blame addressed by a commander to his 
men, that throw light upon the character of the leader, 
and often his plans, — these are some of the matters 
that can be best learned from a study of the general 
orders, and on the determination of which may rest 
more important historical problems. Written as they 
often were by ignorant men, who could hardly write 
and certainly could not spell, containing the only 
record we have of courts martial and their decisions, 
they take us into the ranks, and show better than any 
thing else could show, of what materials the Contin- 

(v) ental 


ental army was composed, and the enormous detail 
and perplexity that confronted the leaders in their task 
of making it a compact and homogeneous mass, ready 
and able to move as a war machine, subject to the will 
of the mind at its head. 

I have, in a measure, altered the usual procedure of 
dealing with such records. Each brigade, each di- 
vision and each corps were supposed to keep an Or- 
derly Book, in which were copied the general orders 
issued by the Commander-in-chief, and the detachment 
or regimental orders. In the grand army, therefore, 
the books would contain much the same matter, dif- 
ferences being due to carelessness in copying, to de- 
tachments of brigades, and to a subject of local im- 
portance brought to the notice of the adjutant. It was 
thought unnecessary to confine this publication to a 
single record, for the movements of a detachment were 
not of sufficient importance to warrant it. I have 
therefore taken three such records of Heath's orders, 
and combined them into one, making the orders as 
complete as the series could afford the material; with- 
out undertaking to discriminate what parts, often only 
a phrase or sentence, were taken from each individual 
book. This liberty was taken because the writers of 
the books could not be identified, the corps or regi- 
ment to which they belonged was a matter of conjec- 
ture, and the repetition of such a record in three 
volumes, differing but little from one another, would 
have been needless. A full record was wanted, and 



that is what I have sought to give; taking from each 
one what was needed to attain this fullness, and noting 
any differences that might be of assistance to the 

Major-General William Heath, the writer of these 
orders, was by taste and experience well fitted to take 
a high command in the Continental army. At the 
outbreak of the Revolution he was thirty-eight years 
of age, and young enough to have his reputation be- 
fore him, and not like so many of the commanders who 
came forward then, depending upon their service in 
the French and Indian War of 1756-1763, whose age 
rendered their services of such doubtful utility as to 
lead to their being superseded by more active men. 
He was appointed a brigadier general by the provincial 
assembly of Massachusetts, and, rendering valuable 
services in organizing and training the raw militia that 
came before Boston, was made a major general by the 
same body. When the Continental Congress assumed 
the control of the army then before Boston — chiefly 
composed of New England troops — Heath was given 
a commission of brigadier-general, and in August, 
1776, was promoted to the rank of major-general. As 
such he was placed in command of the posts in the 
Highlands, which Washington regarded as the most 
important, indeed of vital importance, to the American 
cause, and in 1777 was given the command of the 
eastern department, with headquarters at Boston. It 
was here that the following orders were issued, and 



though only a partial record, covering less than one- 
half the time of his command, they are sufficient to 
show the ordinary life in a garrison town, and will be 
supplemented by other records of the same nature. 

One of the Orderly Books from which I have com- 
piled these orders appears to have belonged to Colonel 
William Raymond Lee, commanding a Massachusetts 
regiment, which, with Henley's and Jackson's regi- 
ments, are frequently mentioned in Revolutionary let- 
ters, as they do not appear to have been organized as 
regular Continental troops, but upon an independent 
basis. It was not until 1779 or 1780 that what re- 
mained of them was incorporated with the Continental 
army, when their identity was merged into that of the 
main army. I have, in this volume, included certain 
orders issued while Lee's regiment was on the march, 
at Peekskill, when under the command of Major-Gen- 
eral Putnam, and when on detachment at Lancaster; 
but I have omitted the orders issued by Washington 
when this regiment was with the main army at White 
Marsh, and those of Sullivan when in command at 
Rhode Island, as it is my intention to print them in 
separate volumes. 


Washington, D. C, jo Jujie, i8gu. 



Major General Heath's Orders i 

Orders while On the March 9' 

Major General Putnam's Orders 93 

Lt. Col. Wm. S. Smith's Orders 103 

Index 118 




Head-Quarters, Boston, 23 May, 1777. 
Parole, Woodbridge . C. Sign, . 

Major Andrew Brown is appointed Deputy Muster 
Master for the Eastern Department of the army of the 
United States of America. He is to be respected and 
obeyed accordingly. 

Several Officers being under arrest and a number of 
Soldiers under Guard, the General Court Martial is to 
sit without further delay. The President* will fill up 
the Court with such officers as may be found in Town. 
Capt. Crafts t is to act as Judge Advocate. Major An- 
drew Symmes, officer of the Day. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 24 May, 1777. 
Some of the Inhabitants of the Town having re- 
quested that there may be no Drumming on the Lord's 
Day, as the Garrison is not very considerable, and the 

* Col? John Greaton. 

f Probably Captain Edward Crafts, formerly of Colonel Gridley's regi- 
ment of artillery. In September, 1775, he had been severely repri- 
manded for using abusive expressions to Major Gridley. 

( I ) Guards 

Guards but few, the beatings on the Lord's Day, ex- 
cept on some special occasion, is to be omitted until 
further orders. 

If there are any Invalids or Soldiers not well enough 
to endure the Fatigues of a long march in any of the 
Regiments, their names are to be returned immediately, 
and they will be posted as Guards at the Provision 
Stores, etc. 

Major Symm's Detachment will hold themselves 
ready to Parade on the Shortest Notice with Arms and 
Accoutrements complete. 

The Adjutants of the Regiments quarter'd at Cam- 
bridge, are to be very attentive to the Guards, and also 
in furnishing such Fatigue Men as may be daily called 
for to assist at the different stores. 

Notice to be given to the Head Quarters the Day 
before any Detachment marches off as particular or- 
ders will be given to the Commanding officer. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 25 May, i;//. 
A subaltern, 2 Serjeants, 2 Corporals, and 30 Men 
from Col° Alden's* Regiment, are to be detached as a 
guard to the Powder which is to be sent to Springfield. 
They are to be ready to march to-morrow. The officer 
will receive written Instructions for his Conduct. 

* Ichabod Alden, formerly Lieutenant- Colonel in the regiment of Col. 
Theophilus Cotton. 

A Corporal 

A Corporal and six men from Col? Greaton's* 
Reg' are to Guard Major Genl Lincoln's Baggage to 
Peek-skill. The waggon will be at Roxbury Meeting 
House precisely at I2 o'Clock, on Wednesday next. 
The Guard is to be punctual to the time. The officer 
will receive written Instructions. 

The General is very sorry to Find it necessary again 
to Forbid the Soldiery committing abuse to the Bar- 
racks, which is daily practised in a most scandalous 
manner, and he does in the most positive manner call 
upon the officers of all ranks to exert themselves to 
prevent such injury being done to the Publick, and 
which the General thinks, if officers would exercise a 
proper authority, might be prevented. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 26 May, 1777. 

Three men are to be added to the Labratory Guard, 
and I Sentry mounted by that Guard at the General 
Hospital in Winter street. The sentry will take direc- 
tions from Doctor Warren.f 

Col. Crane \ will order an officer with a detachment 
of his Regiment to be ready to parade upon the ap- 
proach of Genl. Hancock to the Town.§ He will re- 

* Col. John Greaton, of the 3d. Mass. Regiment. 
\ Dr. John Warren. 

J John Crane, of the Massachusetts Regiment of Artillery. 
I Hancock had just resigned the Presidency of the Continental Con- 


move the Brass four pounder from Fort Hill to the 
state Labratory and put it under the charge of the 
sentry there. 

Upon notice being given of the approach of General 
Hancock, the Field and Commission officers belonging 
to the several Regiments in the service of the United 
States of America, who may be in this Town or its 
Vicinity, are to Parade on the Common near the 
Pound, in full uniforms with their swords. 

The funeral of Major Williams * is to be to-morrow 
afternoon at Roxbury. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 27 May, 1777. 

Capt. teenj^ Brown, of Col? Michael Jackson's Reg', 
tryed at the Genl Court Martial whereof Col? Greaton 
is President, charged with refusing to assist the Magis- 
trates in the Execution of their office in apprehending, 
taking up and bringing to justice a number of men 
belonging to his Company, agreeable to the ist. Article 
of the loth Section of the Rules and Regulations of 
the Army, etc. 

The Court are unan. of opinion that the Charge 
brought against Cap' Brown has not been supported, 
and consequently he has not been guilty of a Breach 
of any of the Articles for the Government of the 

* Major Edward B. Williams died May 25, 1777. He was a Major 
in Col. John Greaton's regiment. 


American Army; therefore that he be acquitted with 

The General approves the opinion of the Court and 
orders Cap^ Brown to be released from his arrest im- 

Cap'. John Bailey, tryed at the same General Court 
Martial for enlisting a number of men that were before 
enlisted by Capt. Allen * in Col? Alden's Regiment, 
and for infamous and ungentlemanlike conduct, etc. 

The Court are unanimously of opinion that Capt. 
Bailey has been guilty of a Breach of the third Arti- 
cle of the 6"? Section, and the 21",' Article of the 14th 
Section of the Regulations of the Army, and that he 
shall be cashiered and return all the Bounty Money 
which he has received to the men he enlisted. 

The General approves the opinion of the Court and 
orders Capt. Bailey to pay the Bounty Monies agree- 
able to the orders of the Court, and that he leave the 
Army immediately. 

William Barton, soldier in Captain Allen's Company, 
Col. Alden's Regiment, tryed at the same General 
Court Martial for Desertion, no evidence appearing 
against the Prisoner, the Court acquit him and order 
him to join Col° Alden's Regiment. 

John Burk, Soldier in Capt. Sumner's f Company, 
Col? Greaton's Regiment, tryed at the same Gen'. Court 
Martial for enlisting twice; the Court find him guilty, 

* Robert Allen. \ Capt. Job Sumner. 


and sentence him to receive 50 Stripes on his bare back 
and return to Capt. Hunt* all that he has received of 
him, and joyn Capt. Sumner's company where he first 
enhsted; but some favorable circumstances appearing 
to the Court they recommend him to the General's 

The General approves the two last sentences, and 
orders Barton released from Confinement, and to joyn 
his Regiment, and Burk to refund to Capt. Hunt what- 
ever he may have received from him. Remits the 
stripes and orders him to joyn his Regiment. 

Complaint having been made of the bad conduct ol 
the Magazine Guard at Charlestown, the General calls 
upon that Guard to be carefull, vigilant and alert; a 
contrary conduct will not escape unnoticed. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 29 May, 1777. 
The Hon*"'.*^ House of Representatives having repre- 
sented that the frequent Drumming around and near 
the Court House greatly interrupts the Debates of the 
Assembly, and desire that a stop may be put thereto, 
the General therefore forbids any Beating of Drums 
during the sitting of the Council or House of Repre- 
sentatives (except on some special occasions) either for 
practising or on Duty, above the Coffee House in Con- 

* Probably Capt. Abraham Hunt, of the first Mass. Regt. (Vose's), 
who resigned in April, 1780. 


gress Street, or between the Old Brick Meeting House, 
and the Town Pump in the Main Street. Fife Major 
Hywill will fix a parade for the Musick of Col? Crane's 
Battalion, somewhere without the before mentioned 

Such of the Drafts as have not had the small pox 
are not to be innoculated here, but are to joyn their 
respective Regiments, where they will be innoculated. 

Head-Quarters, 30 May, 1777. 

Col? Vose is appointed President of the General 
Court Martial in the room of Col? Greaton, who is ex- 
cused. The Court is to sit to-morrow morning, and 
as soon as possible try all such Prisoners belonging to 
the Army as are confined either in Goal or at the Main 
Guard; the Members of the Court are carefully to at- 
tend, as are also all Evidences and Persons concerned. 

Such of the Drafts for completing the Regiments as 
have not had the small pox, are not to be inoculated 
here, but to march as soon as they are equip'd to the 
places of their destination, where they will undergo the 
operation of that disorder. 

The several Colonels are to exert themselves in 
equiping and marching off their men. They will pay 
the strictest attention to the obtaining as much cloath- 
ing as possible for them, without which they will suffer 
great Inconveniences. A Return of such Men as are 


not able to endure the Fatigues of a long March is to 
be immediately given in, agreeable to a former order. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 31 May, 1777. 

If there are any Recruits belonging to either of the 
Regiments destin'd to Peekskill who have not had the 
Small Pox (except they are new Drafts) they are to be 
this Day or to-morrow sent to the Inoculating Hospi- 
tal at Prospect Hill, as after to-morrow no person is 
to be inoculated at that place, but every endeavor 
used to cleanse the Barracks from the infection of the 
small pox as soon as possible. 

Strict attention is to be paid to the order of the 29th 
ins', respecting the beating of Drums near the Court 
House, and the officers who may at any time be on 
charge when recruiting parties or others may through 
inattention act contrary to such order, are desired to 
correct such mistakes. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, i June, 1777. 
Elijah Burnham, a soldier in Col? Marshall's* Regi- 
ment, tryed at the General Court Martial, whereof 
Col° Vose is president, accused with stealing a shirt 
and pair of stockings; no evidence being produced 
against him, the court adjudge that he be discharged 
from the Guard. 

*Thomas Marshall. 


The General approves the judgment, and orders 
him to be released and to join his Regiment immedi- 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 2 June, 1777. 

Benjamin Vary, a soldier in Col? Crane's Battalion of 
Artillery, tryed at the General Court Martial, of which 
Col° Vose is President, for desertion: the Court find 
him guilty, and adjudge him to receive one hundred 
lashes on his naked back for said offence. 

The General approves the judgment, and orders it 
to be put in execution to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock, 
on the Commons, by the Drummers of the Regiment. 

Whenever any of the Troops are quartered in any 
of the Barracks, the Barrack Master, or Deputy Bar- 
rack Master is to take a view of the condition the Bar- 
racks are then in, and on the Day that such Troops 
are to leave the Barracks, they are again to be viewed 
as aforesaid, and if it shall appear that they have been 
injured, report is to be made thereof immediately, that 
the Damage may be charged to those who commit it. 
The General is sorry to find after so many orders on 
this head, one more should be necessary, and hopes it 
will be duly noticed. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 3 June, 1777. 
Peter Hussey, a soldier in Col? Crane's Battalion, 



tryed at the General Court Martial whereof Col° Vose 
is president, for desertion, and receiving the Bounty- 
three times, the Court find that the Prisoner is guilty 
of inlisting twice, but from many alleviating circum- 
stances in the case, and the second Bounty having been 
returned, and the Prisoner long confined, adjudge that 
he be kept in the Guard House till the Company to 
which he belongs shall be ready to march, and that he 
then joyn the Company. The General approves the 
judgment, and directs that it be accordingly put in 

The punishment of Benj. Vary, which was to have 
been inflicted this morning, is suspended, on account 
of some particular representations of his case until 
further orders. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 4 June, 1777. 

The General Court Martial will be very careful to- 
morrow to see that all Prisoners under Confinement 
are brought to tryal, and in particular, one Morrison, 
who has been long confined in Goal. The Prisoners 
should at all times be brought to tryal as soon as pos- 
sible, as long Confinement injures both the Prisoners 
and also the Public Service. 

The men off Duty belonging to the Detachment 
under the Command of Major Symmes, are to parade 
with arms three times a week in future, at six o'clock 
P. M., viz', on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, when 



they are carefully to be instructed in the Priming and 
Loading motions, and the different Firings, and some 
of the most useful Manovers, which are the Essentials 
of the Exercise. 

The Guard at the Powder Magazine at Charlestown, 
is to consist of one Serjeant, one Corporal and twelve 
Men, until further orders. Strict attention is to be paid 
to the furnishing of them from the Regiments at Cam- 

The General is surprised to hear the daily firing off 
Guns, which is not only very unsoldierlike, but also 
endangers the Inhabitants. It is, therefore, once more 
strictly forbidden, and such as offend, are to be imme- 
diately confined and reported. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 5 June, 1777. 
The assistant Q. M. G. is to furnish the necessary 
Teams for such Troops as are ready to march without 
a moment's delay. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 6 June, 1777. 
Edward Williams, a soldier in Capt. Cushing's Com- 
pany, Col. Vose's Regiment, tryed at the General 
Court Martial whereof Col. Vose is President, for in- 
listing twice and receiving two Bounties: the Court 
find the Prisoner guilty, and sentence him to receive 
one hundred Lashes on his naked back, and that one 



half of his pay shall be stopped each and every month, 
and paid to Capt. Page of Col. Francis's * Regiment, 
till such Time as the full sum of Fifteen pounds ten 
shillings be refunded. The General approves the sen- 
tence and orders it to be put in Execution to-morrow 
morning on the Common, by the Drummers of Col° 
Crane's battalion, and that he joyn his Regiment, and 
that the stoppage of his wages be maid and paid as 

Cornelius Teigh, a soldier in Col? Marshall's regi- 
ment, tryed at the same general Court Martial for De- 
sertion, the Court are of opinion that he be confined in 
the Guard House until he is called for to march. 

Samuel Morrison, a soldier in Col? Nixon's f Regi- 
ment, tryed at the same General Court Martial for in- 
listing twice and receiving two Bounties, it appearing 
to the Court that the Prisoner first inlisted in the Jer- 
sies, with an officer of Col? Stark's | Reg', and was 
ordered to Cambridge, where he went and tarried some 
time, but could find no officer belonging to said Regi- 
ment, and being out of money, and having received no 
Bounty, he inlisted with Col? Nixon's Reg', where he 
received his Bounty. 

There being no Evidence against the Prisoner, and 
he having been confined near two Months, the Court 
are of opinion that he be permitted immediately to joyn 
Col? Nixon's Regiment. 

* Ebenezer (?) Francis. •)■ John Nixon. | John Stark. 



The General approves the opinion of the Court in 
the two last Instances, and orders Teigh to be kept 
confined, and Morrison to join Col? Nixon's Reg', im- 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 7 June, 1777. 
If any British officer or Soldier who are prisoners of 
War, should be seen walking the Streets of this Town 
(unless under Guard), or shall presume to come near 
any Park of Artillery, Magazine, or Publick Store, they 
are to be taken up immediately, and reported to Head- 
Quarters. The following order, which was issued by 
his Excellency General Washington on the 8th ultimo, 
is to be carefully read once a week' at the Head of each 
Regiment, on this Department of the Army, and strict 
obedience paid thereto; viz'. 

Head-Quarters, 8 May, 1777. 

As few Vices are attended with more pernicious Consequences in 
Civil Life ; so tliere are none more fatal in a military one, than that of 
Gaming ; — -which often brings disgrace and ruin upon officers, and in- 
jury and punishment upon the Soldiery. — And reports prevailing which, 
it is to be feared, are too well founded, that this destructive vice has 
spread its baneful influence in the Army, and in a peculiar manner to 
the prejudice of the Recruiting Service, the Commander in Chief, in the 
most pointed and explicit terms, forbids ALL officers and Soldiers play- 
ing at Cards, Dice, or at any games, except those of EXERCISE for 
diversion ; it being impossible, if the practice be allowed at all, to dis- 
criminate between innocent play, for amusement, and criminal gaming, 
for pecuniary or sordid Purposes. 

Officers attentive to their Duty will find abundant Employment in 
training and disciplining their Men ; providing for them, and seeing 



that they appear neat, dean and soldierlike, nor will anything redound 
more to their Honour, afford them more solid amusement, or better an- 
swer the end of their appointment, than to devote the vacant moments 
they may have to the study of Military Authors. 

The Commanding officer of every Corps is strictly enjoined to have 
this order frequently read, and strongly impressed upon the minds of 
those under his command. Any officer, or soldier, or other Person, be- 
longing to, or following the Army either in Camp, in Quarters, or on 
the Recruiting service, or elsewhere, presuming under any pretence to 
disobey this order, shall be tried by a General Court Martial. 

The General officers in each division of the Army are to pay the 
strictest attention to the due Execution thereof. 

The Adjutant General is to transmit Copies of this order to the differ- 
ent departments of the Army ; also to cause the same to be immediately 
published in the Gazettes of each State, for the information of officers 
dispersed on the recruiting service. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 9 June, 1777. 
Complaint is repeatedly m-ade that due attention is 
not paid to the relieving the Guards at Cambridge, and 
as sometimes it is pretended that there are not men in 
Quarters sufficient for the purpose, when the weekly 
and provision returns prove the contrary ; the General 
directs that all soldiers in Quarters do Duty, whether 
their own officers be present or not, and all adjutants, 
and such as do adjutant's Duty, are carefully to attend 
to this matter. Major Andrew Brown is desired to 
regulate the Guards at Cambridge, and see that none 
be overfatigued, on the one Hand, or entirely escape 
Duty, on the other, and that the Guards be properly 
mounted and relieved in future. 



The members of the General Court Martial are 
Punctually to attend to-morrow morning at the time 
of adjournment, and are to proceed to the tryal of 
Elijah Woodward. 

Col? Vose's adjutant having marched, Col? Crane's 
adjutant will see that the sentence of Edward Williams 
(which was to have been put in Execution on Saturday 
last), be put in execution to-morrow morning, agree- 
able to the orders of y' 6''? inst'. The men belonging 
to Col? Sherburne's Regiment, who are quartered at 
Cambridge, are to do duty there. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, io June, 1777. 

The officers are to pay the greatest attention to the 
obtaining of clothing for all such Troops as have not 
marched to the Places of their destination, and if pos- 
sible, have them completely clothed before they march ; 
the call for the speedy marching of the Troops, and the 
absolute necessity also that they be well clothed, are 
objects that require uncommon exertions. 

The Colonels of the respective Regt! will take par- 
ticular care before any of the ofificers, who have re- 
ceived money for the recruiting service, march to join 
the army, to inquire if the monies which they have re- 
spectively received, have been paid out in bounties, 
and if it appears the whole has not, the surplusage 
should be returned into the hands of the commanding 
officer at the rendezvous of the respective Reg'.^(whom 



the Col? will appoint for that purpose), who will furn- 
ish the several recruiting officers who are left behind, 
to recruit the Regt^ as occasion may require ; without 
this, the recruiting officers will be greatly embarrassed, 
and the publick service injured, as no more monies 
will be issued than is requisite to complete their respec- 
tive regiments. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, ii June, 1777. 
The Pleasure of the hon'ble Congress with respect 
to the Execution of Peter Pickman Frye not having as 
yet been obtain'd, his execution is further suspended 
to Thursday, 19th inst.* 

* " Desertion of the soldiery from one Regiment, and inlisting into 
others, is too prevalent here. A general Court Martial last week sen- 
tenced one Peter Pickman Frye, late of Salem, a soldier in Col? Mar- 
shall's regiment, to be shott for desertion. I have approved the sentence, 
and ordered it to be put in execution on the 22d. Instant. He openly 
declared that he meant to desert to the enemy. Several others have 
been tryed for inlisting twice and three times, and deserting as often, 
and changing their names; for each of which, as capital crimes, they 
have been sentenced to receive one hundred lashes." Heath to Wash- 
ington, II May, 1777. "The Friends of Peter Pickman Frye (who is 
under sentence to be shott for desertion) have earnestly requested a 
suspension of execution, until they can prefer a petition to the Honble 
Congress, and receive their determination thereon. As this request i§ 
backed by some gentlemen of distinction, I conceived it to be my Duty 
to indulge them with Time to present their Petition, and have sus- 
pended his Execution to the 1 2th of June next. His Friends beg a 
pardon, the public call for his Execution. The former say he is insane, 
the latter that he is more Knave than Fool. For my own part I neither 



The Quantity of Powder at Charlestown being 
much lessened, the Magazine Guard there is to consist 
of one Corporal and six Privates only, until further 

Elijah Woodward, a Soldier in Capt. Knapp's * 
Company in Col. Shepherd's f Regiment tried at the 
General Court Martial, whereof Col. VoseJ is Presi- 
dent for Desertion and inlisting twice, and receiving 

ask for a pardon, or execution, but shall strictly execute the pleasure of 
Congress." Heath to Washington, 19 May, 1777. 

" Application having been made to this Committee, in behalf of 
Peter Pickman Frye, a soldier in the Continental army, now under 
sentence of Death for Desertion ; by the Friends and Relations of the 
said Frye, requesting that the Committee would set forth his character 
to your Honors, from which they hope, his punishment may be remit- 
ted : The Committee would therefore beg leave to inform the Con- 
gress that he is a person, whom they think, from their knowledge of 
him, is not possessed of a common share of understanding : and that he 
is really incapable of committing a crime, maliciously and with design, 
deserving so severe a punishment, as that to which he is now sen- 
tenced. This Committee, therefore, would beg leave to intercede iix 
behalf of this unhappy Person, and for the sake of his Friends and Con. 
nections, who are many of them of the most respectable Characters, 
Pray that his fentence may not be put in execution, but that the Con- 
gress would be pleased to grant him a Pardon, or at least to lessen his 
Punishment, as they in their wisdom shall think proper." Committee 
of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety, (^Mass.) to the Continental 
Congress, Salem, 25 May, 1777. See order for II September, 1777, 
in this volume. 

* Moses Knapp. 

\ William Shepherd. 

\ Joseph Vose. 

2 the 


the Bounty twice, The Court are of opinion that the 
Prisoner is guilty of Breach of the first and third Ar- 
ticles of the sixth Section of the Rules and Articles 
for the Government of the Army of the United States 
of America,* and adjudge that he receive one hundred 
Lashes on his naked Back for each Offence, and that 
Capt. Knapp, whose Company the Prisoner is to join, 
be directed to make stoppage in the Prisoner's Pay 
and Bounty till Capt. Bryant, of Col. Crane's Battal- 
ion.t is fully satisfied for the Cloaths and Money not 
recovered from the Prisoner. 

The General approves the Judgment and orders it 
to be put in Execution to morrow Monday on the 
Common by the Drummers of Col. Crane's Battalion, 
and that the Prisoner be delivered to Capt. Knapp, 
who is carefully to make the stoppages, and pay same 
Capt. Bryant, as directed by the Court. 

* " Art I. All officers and soldiers, who having received pay, or hav- 
ing been duly inlisted in the service of the United States, shall be con- 
victed of having deserted the same, shall suffer death, or such other 
punishment as by a court-martial shall be inflicted. 

" Art. 3. No non-commissioned officer or soldier shall inlist himself 
in any other regiment, troop or company, without a regular discharge 
from the regiment, troop or company, in which he last served, on the 
penalty of being reputed a deserter, and suffering accordingly : And in 
case any officer shall, knowingly, receive and entertain such non-com- 
missioned officer or soldier, or shall not, after his being discovered to 
be a deserter, immediately confine him, and give notice thereof to the 
corps in which he last served, he, the said officer so offending, shall by 
court-martial be cashiered." Articles of War, 1776. 

■|- John Crane, of the Massachusetts Regiment of Artillery, 



The Adjutant of Col. Crane's Battalion to see that 
the Punishment is inflicted to-morrow. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 12 June, 1777. 
As the Time for which the Detachment of militia 
under the Command of Capt. Bumstead of the Boston 
Regiment were drafted to do duty expired this day, 
the General thanks them for their regular and soldier- 
hke Behaviour, and the great Chearfulness which they 
have discovered in performing their duty. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 13 June, 1777. 
The following Resolve has passed the Hon'ble Con- 
tinental Congress, viz : 

In Congress, 27 May, 1777. 
Resolved, That for the future there be only one Chaplain allowed to 
each Brigade in the Army, and that such Chaplain be appointed by 

That each Brigade Chaplain be allowed the same Pay, Rations and 
Forage, that is allowed to a Colonel in the same Corps. 

That each Brigadier General be required to nominate and recom- 
mend to Congress a proper Person for Chaplain to his Brigade, and that 
they recommend none but such as are Clergymen of experience and 
establish'd public Character for Piety, Virtue and Learning. 
By order of Congress. 

John Hancock, President* 

* For a letter of Washington on this subject see Writings of Wash- 
ington (Ford's Edition), V., 418. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 14 June, 1777. 

As disputes often arise with respect to the Trans- 
portation of the public stores, whether the Loads are 
to be estimated at neat or gross weight, it is always to 
be understood in future that 112 lbs. neat is to be con- 
sidered as an hundred weight, and twenty like hun- 
dreds a Ton, and that all public Stores which are 
transported by weight are to be loaded and the Cart- 
ing paid accordingly. 

As Cleanliness contributes to Health wherever the 
Troops are quartered in Barracks, the officers are to 
be particularly careful that the men are kept as clean 
and neat as possible, the Rooms daily swept and aired, 
and in fair weather the men's Blankets should be ex- 
posed to the sun and air, the Quarters should be fre- 
quently visited by the officers, the men's cooking and 
messes inspected. However trifling this may appear 
to some, it is absolutely necessary. In an army we 
must expect some Indolent men. Bad Habits should 
be eradicated as soon as possible, or their baneful 
effects soon spread in a Corps, and that which might 
at first have been easily reformed, by neglect may re- 
quire much labor and pains. The Health, Cleanliness, 
and soldier-like appearance of a Corps all redound to 
the Honor of its officers, and are the best evidences of 
their abilities and attention to their Duty. 

Complaint having been made that some of the Bar- 
racks at Cambridge, notwithstanding the express and 



repeated Orders to the contrary, have been injured in 
a most scandalous manner, the General, being deter- 
mined that such abuses shall not pass with Impunity, 
desires that Col. Greaton, Col. Michael Jackson,* Col. 
Alden, Lieut. Col. Fuller, and the Barracks master, 
would as soon as possible, repair to Cambridge and 
enquire into the matter, and, with the assistance of 
such Carpenters as they may think necessary, estimate 
the Damage and make report thereof. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 17 June, 1777. 
Cornelius Teigh, a Soldier in Cap'. King'sf Com- 
pany, Col. Marshall's % Regiment, tryed at the General 
Court Martial whereof Col. Vose is president, for De- 
sertion and inlisting a second time, the Court find the 
prisoner guilty of a Breach of the first and third Arti- 
cles of the sixth Section of the Rules and Articles for 
the Government of the Army of the United States of 
America, and adjudge that he shall receive One hun- 
dred Lashes on his naked Back for each Offence, and 
that Capt. King be directed to stop one half the Pris- 
oner's Pay each and every Month, till the full sum the 
Prisoner received from Capt. Webb|| of Col. Shep- 
herd's Regiment be repaid. § 

* Of the 8th Mass. Regiment. 

\ Samuel King. % Thomas Marshall. ] George Webb. 

§ Teigh was with the Regiment at White Plains in September, 1778. 



Richard Mitchell, a Soldier in Capt. Jenkins' * Com- 
pany, Col. Brewer's t Regiment, tryed at the same 
General Court Martial for Desertion and inlisting 
twice and receiving two Bounties, the Court find the 
Prisoner guilty of a Breach of the first and third Arti- 
cles of the sixth Section of the Rules and Articles for 
the Government of the Army of the United States of 
America, and adjudge that he receive One hundred 
Lashes on his naked Back for each Offence, and that 
Capt. Jenkins be directed to stop one half the Pris- 
oner's Pay, each and every Month, till the full sum the 
Prisoner received of Lieut. Parker,! of Capt. Bal- 
lard's II Company be repaid. 

The General approves the two beforegoing Judg- 
ments, and orders that they be put in execution to- 
morrow Morning at the Common, by the Drummers 
of Col. Crane's Battalion. The Adjutant of Col. 
Henry Jackson's Regiment is to see that the Punish- 
ments are inflicted, and that Teigh be delivered to 
Capt. King, and Mitchell to Capt. Jenkins, each of 
whom are directed to make the stoppages of the Pay 
of the Prisoners and the payment of it to the officers 
who have been injured, agreeable to the Order of the 

The Officers of Col. Lee's§ and Col. Henry Jack- 
son's Regiments are to make the necessary Prepara- 

* Josiah Jenkins. ] Samuel Brewer. J Isaac (?) Parker. 

[ William H. Ballard. § William Raymond Lee. 



tions for the Muster of their respective Regiments by 
the first of July next. Major Brown, the Muster 
Master, will furnish them with a form of a Muster 
Roll agreeable to the Resolve of Congress. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, i8 June, 1777. 

The Execution of Peter Pickman Frye, which was 
to have been to-morrow, is further suspended till 
Thursday, the 26* Instant. 

The publick Service requiring that all Recruits be- 
longing to the Continental Battalions should immedi- 
ately join their respective Corps, all such as are equipt 
are to march without a moment's Delay. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 19 June, 1777. 
The Time to which the Detachment of Militia 
under the Command of Major Symmes of the Boston 
Regiment were engaged to do Duty, having expired 
this morning, the General thanks the Officers and 
Soldiers who composed it, for their regular and 
Soldier-like Behavior during the Time of their En- 
gagement, no Complaints of Abuses, Irregularities, or 
Neglects of Duty having been made, and their gen- 
eral Deportment such as cannot fail to ensure them 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 20 June, 1777. 
A Special General Court Martial to sit on Mon- 
day next, at nine o'clock in the morning, to con- 
sider the Report of a Court who were appointed 
by the orders of the fourteenth inst., to enquire 
into and estimate the Damage done to the Barracks 
at Cambridge, the Court will make such further 
Enquiry as they may think proper, and send for 
such officers or soldiers as they may think necessary 
to ascertain the Facts, and they are also to de- 
termine what Regiments or Persons ought to pay 
the Damage, and adjudge the respective sums ac- 

Col. Greaton, President. 

Col. Alden, Col. Mich'l Jackson, Col. Vose, Lt. Col. 
Brooks *, Lt. Col. Fuller, and seven Commission 
Officers, Members. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 21 June, 1777. 
The Barrack Master and his Deputys are frequently 
to inspect the Barracks, and carefully observe if any 
new Injury be done to them, and prevent its being 
repeated. Such Troops as are quartered in the Bar- 
racks, are to have so much Room allotted to them as 
is necessary and no more. The Doors of the other 
Barracks are to be kept shut to prevent their being in- 
jured by stragglers or others. 

* John Brooks, of the 17th Mass. Regiment. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 23 June, 1777. 
Colonel Alden is to send a Captain to relieve Capt. 
Watson of Col. Greaton's Regiment, who has for some 
time had the Command of the Guard at the Innocu- 
lating Hospital on Prospect Hill. The old Guard is 
to remain on duty until further orders. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 24 June, 1777. 

No Patient is to be ordered from the General Hos- 
pital by any officer of the Regiment to which he be- 
longs, or presume to leave it himself, untill he obtains 
a regular Discharge from the Senior Surgeon or Di- 
rector of the Hospital. 

In Case of an Alarm, Major Symmes's Detachment 
is immediately to parade completely ready for action, 
one half of them in the Fort on Fort Hill, and the 
other half on their Parade near the Grainery, where 
they will receive further orders. To prevent delay or 
Confusion, each man belonging to the Detachment is 
to be immediately acquainted to which place he is to 
repair, and all those not on guard are strictly to con- 
form themselves accordingly. The Guards have al- 
ready received Orders for their Conduct on such an 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 25 June, 1777. 
The Special General Court appointed to consider, 



the Report of the Court who were appointed by the 
Orders of the fourteenth Ins'. , to inquire into and 
estimate the Damage done to the Barraclts at Cam- 
bridge, and to determine what Regiments or Persons 
ought to pay the Damage and adjudge the respective 
sums accordingly, having reported that after consider- 
ing the said report, and heard the evidence of Col. 
Davis, Major Brown,* and Adjutant Allen, are of 
opinion that the Barracks in Cambridge have been 
much abused and damaged, but think it a matter of 
the greatest doubt and uncertainty by whom, and can- 
not in justice report what Individual is guilty, or who 
ought to pay any part of said Damage, and that the 
Barrack Master has been very negligent in his Duty. 
The General approves the endeavors of the Court to 
determine the Damages and fix the Payment of them 
on those who were the perpetrators, but is truly sorry 
that such flagrant abuses of the Property of the publick 
should pass unpunished. The General flattered him- 
self that after the Orders of the 25'.*^ ult° , a stop would 
have been put to such scandalous practices, as he then 
requested the exertion of Officers of all Ranks to sup- 
press them, and as the Court of Enquiry have reported 
that Col. Alden's and Col. M. Jackson's Regiments 
were equally guilty in the Destruction of the Bar- 
racks, and Col. Putnam's f for the Time they were 

•Andrew Brown. 

•)■ Rufus Putnam, of the 5th Mass. Regiment. 



quartered in the Barracks, the General does therefore 
most expressly call upon the Colonels of those Regi- 
ments to send to him immediately the names of the 
officers ordered by them respectively to attend at the 
Rendezvous of the before mentioned Regiments. 

The Special General Court Martial, whereof Col. 
Greaton was appointed President, is dissolved. 

The Execution of Peter Pickman Frye is further 
suspended to Thursday the tenth day of July next. 
Col. Adin* may send a Lieut, to Prospect Hill, instead 
of a Captain; as was directed in the orders of the 
twenty third Instant. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 26 June, 1777. 
Parole, Alicant. C. Sign, Boston. 

Col. H. Jackson's Regiment is to march early on 
Saturday morning next to Dorchester Heights, and 
relieve the Detachment of Militia under the Command 
of Col. Crafts, who are now doing Duty there. Col. 
Jackson will dispose of his Regiment in such a manner 
as most conveniently to mount the necessary Guards 
in each of the Forts at that Post.f 

As General Hospitals are established at this place 

* This should be Alden. 

\"\ have posted C0I9 Jackson's Regiment at Dorchester Neck. Lee's 
is rendezvousing at Cambridge, being as yet too weak to do much duty 
except guarding the magaiine, and stores at that place." Heath to 
Washington, 7 July, 1777. 



under the Direction of Doct' John Warren, for the 
Reception of the sick and wounded of the Continental 
army, the surgeons of the several Regiments now 
rendezvousing in and near the Town of Boston are 
ordered to make Report to him of all such soldiers as 
cannot be properly attended in their respective Regi- 
ments, and immediately offer them for admisson into 
the General Hospital, and all Persons concerned are 
hereby informed, that no charges for the private sup- 
port or medical attendance of such will be defrayed by 
the Continent unless from due returns, reasonably 
made, it shall appear that the sick could not receive 
the Benefit of a General Hospital. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 27 June, 1777. 
Parole, Concord. C. Sign, Detroit. 

Messrs. John Hopkins, John Butterfield, and Robert 
Champney, are appointed Waggon Masters until fur- 
ther orders, and Messrs. Jonathan Parker, James 
Brewer, William Billings, Simeon Ashley, and William 
Fellows, Conductors until further orders. 

In consequence of directions lately received by the 
Deputy Muster Master from the Commissary General 
of Musters, the Continental troops posted in the sev- 
eral New England States, are to be mustered the first 
of July next. Col. Lee's, Jackson's and Henley's* 
Regiments are to make the necessary Preparations. 
* David Henley. 



Col. Lee is to send a Sergeant, Corporal, and nine 
men as a Guard for the Provision Stores at Little 
Cambridge. The stores are at Messrs. Moses Robins's 
and Jonathan Winship's. At the former is a guard 
which is to be relieved and are to join their Regi- 
ments. A centinel is to be posted at each store. Col. 
Lee will also order two non-commissioned officers or 
capable Soldiers daily to assist Major Andrew Brown 
in inspecting and preserving the Barracks, &c. Four 
steady soldiers are to be ordered from the Regiments 
at Cambridge to cleanse the Barracks on Prospect 
Hill. The Deputy Barrack Master at Cambridge will 
assign quarters for Col. Henley's Regiment in the 
Barracks commonly known by the name of Patter- 

The weekly Returns are to be punctually made; no 
excuses will be admitted. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 28 June, 1777. 
The Deputy Barrack Master at Cambridge will take 
particular care that no Troops are quartered in the 
Barracks in which the military stores are deposited or 
any Fire kindled in them on any pretence whatever. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 29 June, 1777. 
Parole, Green. Countersign, Mollis. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 30 June, 1777. 
Parole, Jenkins. C. Sign, Kingston. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, i July, 1777. 
Parole, Lovemoor. C. Sign, Manchester. 

Isaac Tuckerman, jun'r, having been appointed a 
Deputy Barrack Master with orders to superintend 
and take care of the Barracks at Cambridge, the two 
Non-commissioned officers or capable Privates, ordered 
to be furnished by Col. Lee, will be unnecessary. 

The General in the most express and positive Terms 
again forbids the granting of furloughs to the men; 
when the Campaign is nearly half spent to allow men 
to be absent on furloughs must appear disgraceful, and 
he is surprized to hear it has been practised by some. 

Thomas Rice, a soldier in Col. Marshall's Regiment, 
tried at the General Court Martial, whereof Col. Vose 
is President, for deserting and inlisting a second time, 
the Court find the Prisoner guilty, and sentence him 
to receive fifty lashes on his naked back for each of- 
fence, and half his pay every month to be detained 
until the Recruiting officer of Col. Crane's Battalion, 
who inlisted him the second time, is repaid the Bounty 
paid by him. The General approves the sentence, but 
inasmuch as the Court have recommended the Pris- 
oner to his mercy to remit the stripes, the infliction of 
the Punishment is suspended until further orders. The 



Heinousness of the Crime of deserting and inlisting a 
second time, so much perpetrated of late, and being in 
its nature so baneful to the service, the General does 
not remit the stripes. The stoppage of half the Pris- 
oner's pay is carefully to be made and paid agreeable 
to the order of the Court. 

John Flygh, a soldier in Capt. Barnard's Company, 
Col. Wyllys' Regiment, brought before the same Gen- 
eral Court Martial for Desertion, the Court are of 
Opinion that the prisoner be sent to the Regiment to 
which he belongs in Irons. The General approves the 
sentence of the Court, and orders that the Detachment 
of Col. Alden's Regiment, which is to march this Day 
or to-morrow for Peeks Kill, take him under Guard to 
the Regiment before mentioned as ordered by the 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 2 July, 1777. 
Parole, Normandy. Countersign, Olive. 

Col. Henry Jackson is to make a disposition of his 

* Late in June, while Washington was at Middlebrook, watching a 
movement of Howe into New Jersey, he learned from the north of an 
intended approach of the British under Burgoyne towards St. John. 
He ordered Putnam to hold four Massachusetts regiments in readiness 
at Feekskill to go up the river at a moment's warning. Soon after 
Howe suddenly returned to New York, and Washington fearing a 
movement against the posts on the Hudson, moved his army to Morris- 
town, and detached the brigades of Generals Parsons and Varnum to 
Feekskill, and ordered the four Massachusetts regiments to proceed to 
the northward, when the two brigades should be within marching dis- 
tance of Feekskill. These four regiments formed Nixon's brigade. 



Regiment in three equal divisions, one of which is to 
be assigned to each of the Redoubts at Dorchester 
Heights, in which in case of alarm they arc immedi- 
ately to parade as their alarm Post. The officers and 
men are to be well informed to which Division and 
Redoubt they are assigned, that there may be no con- 
fusion or Loss of Time should any Emergency require 
Dispatch. As the Recruits join the Regiment, the 
Divisions are to be kept as near of equal strength as 
possible. Col. Jackson will draw twenty Rounds of 
Cartridge and Ball p'. man for his Regiment. This 
ammunition is not to be delivered to the men at pres- 
ent, but to be deposited in some safe and convenient 
place, ready to be delivered if occasion should require 
it. The Boatmen, who are employed in transporting 
the public Stores to Watertown, are to be very careful 
in raising and laying down Cambridge Bridge, to do it 
in such a manner as not to injure the Bridge, or endan- 
ger the passengers or carriages that pass over it, as 
complaint has been made of neglect in this respect. 
Strict attention is to be paid to this order. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 3 July, 1777. 
Parole, Rippon. Countersign, Stafford. 

To-morrow being the anniversary of American In- 
dependence, at twelve o'clock noon thirteen cannon 
are to be discharg'd from from the Fort on Fort Hill, 


, 33 

and the like number from the Forts on Dorchester 

The firing is to begin on Fort Hill. Col. Jackson's 
Regiment is to be under arms and fire three Rounds 
of Powder. Major Symmes's Detachment is to join 
Col. Hatch's Regiment of Militia (except such as are 
on Guard). This Detachment is to fire three rounds 
with Col. Hatch's Regiment. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 5 July, 1777.* 
Parole, Victim. C. Sign, Wasp. 

Col. Vose, who was President of the General Court 
Martial, having march'd to join his Regiment, Col. 
Mich'l Jackson is appointed President, and the Court 
which was to have set this Day, is to sit on Tuesday 
at 9 o'clock a. m., of which the members will take due 

Col. M. Jackson is to send a Subaltern to command 
the Guard at the Innoculating Hospital on Prospect 

The Assistant Quartermaster General is to fence a 

* There is some uncertainty in the orders of the three days July 3d, 
4th and 5th. In one Orderly Book, no orders are given on the 4th, 
but those on the 5th begin with the second paragraph : " Col. M. Jack- 
son is to send," etc. In another Book, the parole for the 3d is Pene- 
lope, and the c. sign, Quintius ; while the parole for the 4th is Rippon, 
and the c. sign, Stafford ; and the order printed above under the 3d 
is given under the 4th — clearly an error. But this does not aid us in 
straightening the paroles. 

3 proper 


proper yard at Cambridge for the security of the shot 
and shells, for the Fire Wood, etc. 

The Captains of the respective Regiments who are 
left at the Rendezvous of their Regiments to direct the 
Recruiting officers, receive, arm, equip and order the 
march of the Recruits, are by no means to be absent 
from their Rendezvous without express Leave from 
the General. Many Soldiers are strolling about the 
Streets, and often complaining that they know not 
where to find the proper officer to direct them to their 
Duty, and some have again returned Home to the 
great Injury of the Service. 

After Orders. 
The General remits the Punishment of Thomas 
Rice, and orders that he be immediately releas'd from 
the Main Guard, and that he join Col. Marshall's Reg- 
iment and the stoppage of his pay be carefully made 
and paid agreeable to the order of the General Court 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 6 July, 1777. 
Parole, Amos. C. Sign, Barnabas. 

The Assistant Quarter Master General will be very 
careful to see that the Waggon Masters and Conduc- 
tors are very alert, and that the stores are not left on 
the Roads or transported to other Places than those to 
which they are ordered. Complaints of abuses of this 
kind have been frequently made of late. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 7 July, 1777. 
Parole, Glassenbury. C. Sign, Haverstraw. 
In Consequence of Intelligence just received from 
the Westward and Northward, the General again calls 
upon the officers to hasten the March of all such 
Troops as are ready, without one Moment's Delay.* 
Col. M. Jackson's Regt. must march immediately. It 
the Men are not supplied with ammunition, it must be 
be drawn without Loss of Time. The utmost atten- 
is to be paid to the drilling the Recruits and instruct- 
ing them in every part of their Duty as much as pos- 
sible while they are in Quarters. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 8 July, 1777. 
Parole, jfersey. Countersign, Knowlton. 

The officers are desired to take particular care 
wherever any troops are quartered, or guards posted, 
that no injury be done to the inhabitants, by destroy- 
ing fences, or needlessly crossing fields of grass or 
grain. Some complaints of this nature have been 
lately made; the General hopes to hear no more. 
The General is much pleased with the late alertness of 
the officers in marching their men, and desires that 
those of them who are to remain at the respective ren- 

* Heath had not yet heard of the evacuation of Ticonderoga by St. 
Clair, which had been accomplished on the 6th. The intelligence 
reached Boston on the nth, 



dezvous of their regiments would be very vigilant in 
collecting the recruits, arming, clothing, and equippmg 
them, and as the present emergency of affairs calls for 
the marching of every Continental soldier, those of 
several regiments must be joined in detachments, and 
march on without waiting to collect a detachment of 
their own regiment. 

Colonel H. Jackson will frequently report to the 
General the state of the works, &c., at Dorchester 
Heights, that orders may be given for the necessary 

The General Court Martial which was to have sit 
this Day, is to sit to-morrow morning at nine o'clock, 
of which the members will take notice. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 9 July, 1777. 
Parole, Lenox. Countersign, Marblehead. 

The general is surprized to hear that the march of 
any of the Troops should be delay'd on the account of 
Trains : he desires that the Waggon Masters and Con- 
ductors would exert themselves and that the Deputy 
Q^ Master General would take every step in his Power 
to furnish such Trains as may from time to time be 
necessary for the transporting the Stores and Baggage 
of the Army without the Loss of time. 

The Execution of Peter Pickman Frye is further 
suspended to Thursday the twenty fourth Instant. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, ii July, 1777. 
Parole, Preston. C. Sign, Romney. 

Great Attention should be paid to the State of the 
Arms. They should always be kept as neat and clean 
as possible. They should ever be the Pride of a Sol- 
dier, but the officers must see to it, or it will be too 
much neglected. Whenever any of the Arms are out 
of order, they should be sent to the Armourers and 
be repaired immediately. Publick Armourers are ap- 
pointed for that purpose. 

The Dep'ty Barrack Master at Cambridge will im- 
mediately apply to the Regiments there for four Men 
who have had the Small Pox, which he is to send to 
Prospect Hill, where they are to be employ'd in cleans- 
ing the Barracks which have been infected with the 
Small Pox. Col. Greaton's, Putnam's, Alden's, and 
Nixon's Regiments having been ordered from Peeks 
Kill to Albany, the officers and men belonging to 
them when they march, are to take that Rout in order 
to join them at the last mentioned Place.* 

* " General Schuyler is at Fort Edward, with about twelve hundred 
regular troops and some militia. I have ordered the men belonging 
to Putnam's, Greaton's, Alden's, and Nixon's regiments, who, you say, 
are on their march, to join him as quick as possible, as the remainder 
of their regiments are there. ' This reinforcement is all that could pos- 
sibly be spared, under our present circumstances. As there never was 
so pressing an occasion for troops, I entreat you will hurry on those re- 
maining in your State with all possible despatch. Let those intended 
for the northern array steer towards Albany, near which place they 
will find General Schuyler endeavoring to form an army. Those whose 
regiments are at Peekskill are still to go to that place." Washington 
to Major- General Heath, 13 July, 1777. 


Head- Quarters, Boston, 12 July, 1777 
Parole, Salisbury. C. Sign, Trenton. 

The Dep'ty Commissary General is to issue the 
Men's Rations from this Day until further Orders as 
follows, vizt, 

I lb. Flour or Bread 1 

\y2 lb. Beef, or 18 oz. Pork I f man f Day. 

I Quart of Beer J 

5 pints of Pease "i 

I pint of Meal i ^ Man f week. 

6 oz. Butter J 

6 lb. Candles '^ 100 men "^ week for Guards. 

8 lb. Soap '^ 100 men '^ week. 

I Jill of Rum '^ Man each Day on Fatigue. 
Vinegar occasionally. For such Articles as cannot 
be procured the Commissary is to pay Money in Lieu 
thereof, agreable to the established Rules in the 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 14 July, 1777. 
Parole, Uxbridge. Countersign, Welcome. 
As it is essentially necessary that every Regiment 
should dailey have the General Orders, strict attention 
is to be paid thereto. An Adjutant or Serjeant Major 
from each [regiment] is statedly to attend for that pur- 
pose at Orderly time. The Regiments at Cambridge 
may do it in Rotation. Adj'. Edwards of Col. Lee's 



Regiment will keep a Roll of this Duty and see that 
it is perform'd. The Orders are to be carried to his 
Quarters, where the Adjutants or Sergeant Majors are 
to apply and take them. They are also dailey to re- 
ceive the Details of Guards for their respective Regi- 
ments at the same place, and are to furnish their men 
accordingly. John Gooch and John Hopkins, Esq", 
are appointed Assistant Dep'ty Qr. Master Generals. 
They are to be respected and obeyed as such. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 15 July, 1777. 

Parole, Xenophon. C. Sign, . 

Col. H. Jackson will order so many Men from his 
Regiment to assist the well-diggers as may be neces- 
sary ; and as the strength of his Regiment will admit 
of it, he will order a Number of Men properly to form 
and dress the steps of the Banquet, where it is neces- 
sary, and such other small Repairs as they may be 
able to execute. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 16 July, 1777. 
It is with astonishment that the General hears of 
numbers of soldiers deserting the Northern Army on 
their late Retreat from Ticonderoga, and that they are 
now strolling through the Country to their respective 
Homes. A conduct so dastardly in itself and fraught 
with the greatest mischief to the Public Cause, by dis- 


heartening the brave who are left in the Field to face 
the Enemy deserted by their Comrades, calls for im- 
mediate and exemplary Punishment. The General 
therefore in the most earnest manner calls upon the 
officers of every Rank to exert their utmost endeavors 
to apprehend all such Soldiers as have left the North- 
ern Army without a written Pass or Furlough, signed 
by some General officer in that army, and that they be 
careful to avoid Impositions; and that they be con- 
fined at the Main Guard in order for Tryal for such an 
atrocious Crime. 

If Col. H. Jackson has in his Regiment six or eight 
men who are acquainted with the making of Cartridges, 
they are immediately to be employed in making a num- 
ber of a proper size for the French Arms. 

A Special General Court Martial to set to-morrow 
Morning at nine o'clock, for a Trial of a number of 
Soldiers who have deserted from the Northern Army. 

Col. M. Jackson, President. 

Col. Lee, Capt. King, Capt. Drew, 

Lt. Col. Colman, Capt. Eddy, Capt. Dolliver, 

Major Swasey, Capt. Allen, Capt. Carr, 

Capt. Orne, Capt. Holden Lt. Frye, 


Capt. Cartwright, Judge Advocate, Adj't Carew to 
attend the Court. The Adjutants immediately to no- 
tify such members as belong to their respective Regi- 
ments, and if it should happen that any of the before 



mentioned members cannot be found, others are to be 
put on in their stead— Care to be taken that they be 

Cambridge, i6 July, 1777. 
Regimental Orders* 
The Commanding officer orders that every non- 
commissioned officer and soldier shall statedly attend 
at Roll calling at five o'clock in the morning and five 
in the afternoon, and at such other Times as shall be 
ordered, and the Sergeant Major make a return of all 
who shall absent themselves therefrom, who shall be 
immediately sent under Guard and held 'till they be 
tried by a Regimental Court Martial. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 17 July, 1777. 
If any Deserters should be sent to the Guard or 
Goal in Cambridge, they are as soon as possible to be 
sent to the main Guard in this Place. The Adjutant or 
Serg'. Major of the Day at Cambridge is daily when 
he comes for the Orders to bring with him a Return of 
the number of militia men that are in Quarters at that 
Place, who are rendezvousing there in order to form a 
Guard for the Stores. This Return is to be obtained 

* Unless otherwise stated, the Regimental orders apply to Col. W. R. 
Lee's Regiment, 



from the Dep'ty Barrack Master, and is not to be 
omitted. As soon as a sufficient number to form a 
Guard are at the Rendezvous they are to be sent to 
their Post. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, i8 July, 1777. 
Parole, Levant. C. Sign, Moylan. 

James Welsh, Joshua Lane, George Richey, Stephen 
Kenroy,* Thos. Gookin, John Conway, and Edward 
Hagen, soldiers in Col. Marshall's Regiment, tried at 
the General Court Martial whereof Col. Alden is Pres- 
ident, accused with deserting from their Regiment on 
the late Retreat from Ticonderoga. No Evidence ap- 
pearing against the Prisoners, the Court, after Exami- 
nation recommended that they be sent to their Regi- 
ment in Irons. The General approves the opinion of 
the Court, and orders that the Prisoners be sent to 
their Regiment immediately under a strong Guard.f 

The General in the most express and positive Terms 

* Or Kenney. 

f " I hope the number of desertions from the Northern army at and 
since the retreat from Ticonderoga, will not be so great as was at first 
feared that they would be. About ten or a dozen only have as yet 
been apprehended and sent back under Guard, eight of them in irons, 
which was the sentence of a General Court Martial. The utmost en- 
deavors are used to apprehend any others who may have been guilty 
of the same scandalous conduct ; but I hope the immediate and spirited 
measures that have been taken in this respect will prevent any thing of 
the kind in future." Heath to Washington, 23 July, 1777. 



directs a punctual Compliance with the Orders of the 
fourteenth Instant respecting the daily Attendance of 
the Adjutants or Serg'. Major for the Orders. He is 
sorry that there is any occasion for again mentioning 
this matter. He hopes that no further occasion will 
make such Steps his incumbent Duty as will be disa- 
greeble both to himself and others. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 19 July, 1777. 
Parole, Normandy. C. Sign, Overing. 

The men belonging to Col. Alden's Regiment hav- 
ing this morning been ordered from the Guard at the 
Innoculating Hospital on Prospect Hill, the Remain- 
der of that Guard belonging to Col. Bigelow's Regi- 
ment, with four Invalids that will be sent from Col. Al- 
den's Regiment, together with the Convalescents will 
supply the necessary Centinels until further Orders. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 20 July, 1777. 
Parole, Pumpton. C. Sign, Ridley. 

Col. H. Jackson will order a Serjeant, Corporal 
and twelve men from his Regiment to relieve the 
Main Guard to Morrow Morning at nine o'clock. The 
officer of the New Guard will be very careful to 
receive the orders for the Guard and Centinels from 
the officer of the old Guard, Colonel Jackson will re- 


lieve this Guard on Tuesday Morning with the same 
Number of Men. Lieut. Holmes of Capt. Burton's 
Company will march the men belonging to that Com- 
pany to Boston this Evening or to Morrow Morning 
where they are to take Quarters until further Orders, 
Sergt. Adams, of Col. Marshall's Regiment, is Imme- 
diately to repair to Cambridge and take the Command 
of nine of the militia men who have been draughted to 
guard the Stores, if that number is already at the Ren- 
dezvous. If there are not so many as Nine, he will 
march so many as there are and relieve the Guard be- 
longing to Col. Lee's Regiment, who are guarding the 
Provision Store at Little Cambridge. Sergt. Adams 
is to remain with his Detachment as a Guard for the 
before mentioned Stores untill further Orders. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, July 21, 1777. 

Parole, Saratoga. C. Sign, Taunton. 

As the time for which the Detachment under the 
Command of Major Symmes was engaged to do duty 
expired this Morning, the General thanks the Officers 
and Soldiers for their regular and soldier like Behav- 
iour during the time of their doing duty. Lieut. 
Holmes will mount the Guard at the Magazine from 
the Men belonging to Capt. Burton's Company until 
further Orders. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 22 July, 1777. 
Parole, Venice. C. Sign, Washington. 

A Court of Enquiry to set on Thursday Morning 
next at nine o'clock at Capt. Marston's Tavern, to en- 
quire into the conduct of Capt. Robert Allen, of Col. 
Alden's Regiment, charged with selling cloathing be- 
longing to the Continental Army. Col. H. Jackson, 
President, Lt. Col. Tudor, Lt. Col. Smith, Majr. Bra- 
dish, Major Tyler, Members. Those concerned to 
attend the Court. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 23 July, 1777. 
Parole, Alderton. Countersign, Barnstable. 

The Execution of Peter Pickman Frye which was 
to have been to-morrow is further suspended untill 
Thursday the seventh of August next. 

Col. H. Jackson will immediately order a sentry to 
be posted at the Provision Store at Dorchester, and 
regularly relieved until further Orders. As the Provi- 
sions are sent over this Day, particular attention must 
be paid thereto. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 24 July, 1777. 
Parole, Edinburgh. C. Sign, Fingal. 

The Commanding Officer of every detachment that 
may hereafter march to join their respective Regiments, 
in the Southern or Northern Army, are to apply for 



and draw twenty four Rounds of Cartridges '^ man 
for the Detachment. The Ammunition is not to be 
delivered to the men, but carefully put up and carried 
with the Baggage which will prevent a waste or loss 
of it, and if occasion should make it necessary it is to 
be immediately delivered to the men.* Every man in- 
listed into the Continental Army belonging to either 
of the Battalions designed to the Southern or North- 
ern Army, are immediately to be arm'd, equipt and 
sent out to join their respective Regiments. The 
Urgency of the Service makes a Repitition of this 
Order necessary. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 25 July, 1777. 
Parole, Golphin. C. Sign, Hancock. 

The Court whereof Col. H. Jackson was President 
appointed to inquire into the Conduct of Capt. Robert 
Allen, of Col. Alden's Regiment, charged with selling 
Clothing belonging to the Continental Army, having 
reported that after a thorough Investigation the Court 
are of Opinion that the charge against Capt. Allen is 
supported, the General desires that Col. Alden imme- 
diately order Capt. Allen under Arrest. 

* " Let every party that you send off be fully supplied with ammuni. 
tion, which should be delivered to the officers, and carried with their 
baggage. If it is put into the cartouchboxes, it will probably be dam- 
aged by weather before they arrive at the place of destination." 
Washington to Major-General Heath, 13 July, 1777. 

A General 


A General Court Martial to set to-morrow morning 
at nine o'clock for the Trial of Capt. Allen charged 
with selling cloathing belonging to the Continental 

Col. M. Jackson, President. 
Col. Lee, Capt. Carr,|| Capt. Pilsbury,tt 

Major Swasey,* Capt. Dolliver,§ Capt. Ellis, 
Capt. King.t Capt. Wadsworth,Tf Capt. Langdon,tJ: 
Capt. Drew,J Capt. Orne,** Lieut. Perkins.||l| 


The Adjutant of the Respective Regiments to notify 
the members immediately. All Evidences and Per- 
sons concerned to attend the Court, and two Orderly 
Sergeants from Col. Henry Jackson's Regiment. 

•Joseph Swasey. f Samuel King. J Seth Drew. 

I Samuel Carr. § Peter Dolliver. ^ Joseph Wadsworth. 

** Joshua Orne, who resigned his commission October I, 1778, from 
" the suspicion I have of there not being occasion for the continuance 
of so large a proportion of officers as have been employ'd, and from an 
increase of the necessity from my more than hitherto experienc'd pecu- 
liar situation." He was then a captain in the regiment commanded by 
Lt. Col. Wm. S. Smith, 

■|-f Daniel (?) Pilsbury, afterward paymaster in the 13th Regiment. 

}:J John Langdon, a captain in Col. Henry Jackson's regiment. He 
resigned his commission September, 1778, because of the insufficiency 
of pay. 

J I James Perkins, n. lieutenant in Col. Timothy Bigelow's regiment. 


Cambridge, 25 July, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 
A Regimental Court Martial to sit this morning at 
ten o'clock for the Trial of such Prisoners as shall be 
brought before them. Capt. Orne, President, Lieut. 
Woolsey, Lt. Brown,* Ensign Lovellf and Ensign 
Hill,I Members. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 26 July, 1777. 
Parole, Jenkins. C. Sign, Kent. 

The Deputy Commissary General will take particu- 
lar Care that the Guards posted at the several public 
Stores for the Protection thereof, be supplied with 
Provisions, and the Dep'ty Quartermaster General 
that they are furnished with Quarters, Fuel and Camp 
Utensils. There is to be an Addition of two Guards 
to the List which has been given out already, vizt. 
one at Springfield and the other at Brookfield. The 
Dep'ty Quarter Master General will cause an exact 
account to be kept and a particular valuation made of 
all materials whether old or new that may be ready 
whenever it may be called for. 

Cambridge, 26 July, i tj"]. 
Regimental Orders. 
Henry Greenleaf, a Soldier tried at the Regimental 

* John Brown. \ James Lovell. \ Philemon Hill. 



Court Martial whereof Capt. Orne is President, for 
Disobedience of Regimental Orders, the Prisoner 
pleading Ignorance of the Orders, the Court are of 
opinion that he be released from his Confinement, re- 
turn to his Duty and that the Order be forthwith read 
to him to prevent any farther excuse. 

William Wilton, a Soldier tried at the same Court 
Martial for Disobedience of Regimental Orders and 
Neglect of Duty, the Prisoner pleading Guilty, the 
Court are of opinion that he be severely reprimanded 
at the Head of the Regiment and humbly ask Pardon 
of the Commanding Officer and forthwith return to his 

The Commanding Officer approves the before going 
Judgments of the Court Martial and orders that they 
be put in Execution at Roll calling this Day. 

The Regimental Court Martial whereof Capt. Orne 
is President is dissolved. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 27 July, 1777. 
Parole, Kingston* C. Sign, Laticaster. 

The General Court Martial which was to have sit 
yesterday for the Trial of Capt. Allen is to sit on 
Tuesday next at nine o'clock A. M., of which the 
Members named in the Order of the 25th Inst, are 
desired to take due Notice and give punctual attend- 

* In another book this is given Kensington. 

4 An 


An Escort for a Quantity of Powder and Arms is 
to be ready to march on Tuesday Morning. It is to 
be furnished from Col. Alden's and Wigglesworth's * 
Regiments. The Officers of these Regiments will 
please to have the Men in Readiness. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 28 July, 1777. 
Parole, Martin. C. Sign, Norton. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 29 July, 1777. 
Parole, Olive. C. Sign, Palmer. 

The Regiments at Cambridge are to march, a 
Guard consisting of one Corporal and three Men at 
the Barracks lately improved as Innoculating Hospi- 
tals on Prospect Hill untill the Utensils are removed 
and the Barracks properly secured. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 30 July, 1777. 
Parole, Query. C. Sign, Rawson. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 31 July, 1777. 
Parole, Salmon. C. Sign, Trumbull. 

Capt. Robert Allen, of Col. Alden's Regiment, tried 
at the General Court Martial, whereof Col. M. Jack- 
* Edward Wigglesworth. 



son is President, for having sold Cloathing belonging 
to the Continental Army. Capt. Allen being heard 
acknowledges he had drawn cloathing from the Conti- 
nental Stores for three Soldiers who were well cloathed 
for the service, to whom he paid six pounds each which 
they prefered to receiving the Cloathing, whereupon ig- 
norantly and innocently supposing the Cloathing then 
became his own Property, he exposed them to sale at 
Public Auction. 

The Court are of opinion that Capt. Allen is guilty 
of having ignorantly sold Continental Cloathing with- 
out an order for the purpose in Violation and Breach 
of part of Article 1st in Section I2th of the Rules and 
Regulations for the Government of the Continental 
Army, and after mature Consideration and Enquiry 
into the former Conduct and Behaviour of Capt. Allen, 
finding his character has heretofore been irreproach- 
able, the Court unanimously recommend him to the 
Lenity of the General. 

The General approves the opinion of the Court and 
orders that Capt. Allen immediately make full satis- 
faction to the Continental Agents of cloathing for the 
Cloaths which he sold, and admonishes Capt. Allen to 
a circumspect Behaviour and strict attention to the 
Regulations of the Army in future, and being satisfied 
with his general good character as an officer, and that 
his Error in this Instance was Ignorance in that par- 
ticular in which he transgress'd, remits any further 
Punishment pointed out by the Regulations for such 
offences and orders Capt. Allen released from arrest. 



The Court report Capt. Drew, Capt. Wadsvvorth, 
Capt. Ellis, Capt. Langdon, and Lieut. Perkins, ordered 
as members on the General Court Martial, for not at- 
tending and thereby detaining the Court. As nothing 
more characterizes a good officer than a strict and 
punctual attention to orders, without which it is im- 
possible that Duty be seasonably or properly per- 
form'd, the General cannot omit, and he does expli- 
citly call upon the before mentioned officers immedi- 
ately to render the Reasons of such their neglect, and 
hopes from the opinion he has of them that they will 
be able to do it in such a manner as to satisfy both 
him and the Court, and the General recommends to 
all a strict attention to Duty as they regard their own 
Honor and the Public Weal. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, i August, 1777. 

The abstracts for the Pay of the Troops posted in 
this State are to be presented monthly for Payment, 
those for the Month of July, or for whatever Pay may 
be due before that time are to be given in as soon as 
possible that the Troops may have the advantage and 
encouragement of the seasonable and regular Payment 
of their Wages. 

The necessary Preparations are to be immediately 
made for the muster of the Troops for the month of 
August. Each Battalion must be mustered by com- 
panies. Capt. Langdon has given satisfactory Reasons 



for not being able to attend General Court Martial for 
the Trial of Capt. Allen. 

The Arms and Accoutrements of the men are to be 
immediately inspected, and at least twenty four Rounds 
of Cartridges ready to be delivered to them. The men 
are to keep near their Quarters, that they may be 
ready to march if called for. The Magazine Guard at 
Charlestown is to be doubled at Night. In Case of 
alarm Col. Lee's Regiment is to have their alarm post 
at the Magazine and Ordnance Store divided equally 
to each, Capt. Burton's Company in the Fort on Fort 
Hill. Col. Jackson will double the Guards at Dor- 
chester Heights at Night, reducing them in the morn- 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 2 August, 1777. 
Parole, Albany. C. Sign, Bailey. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 3 August, 1777. 
Parole, Cambridge. C. Sign, Dorchester. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 4 August, 1777. 
Parole, Exeter. C. Sign, France. 

The Barrack Master instead of drawing Provisions 
twice a week for the Provisions at the Main Guard is 
untill further Orders to draw daily. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 5 August, 1777. 
Parole, Gridley. C. Sign, Hancock. 

Col. H. Jackson is to send a Sergeant, Corporal and 
twelve men to morrow morning at nine o'clock to 
mount the Guard at the Fort on Fort Hill (Boston). 
They are to be daily relieved by the like number from 
the same Regiment. Untill further Orders the doub- 
ling the Guards at Dorchester and at the Magazine at 
Charlestown nightly as directed by the Order of the 
first Instant may be omitted. All Guards and Centi- 
nels to be vigilant and valiant. 

The General Court Martial which was to have set 
this Day is to sit on Thursday next at nine of the 
clock, at Capt. Marston's Tavern. All Persons con- 
cerned to pay due attention. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 7 August, 1777. 
Parole, Lenox. C. Sign, Mandrake. 

The General thanks the officers and soldiers of the 
several Companies in the Boston Regiment who have 
lately in Rotation voluntarily turn'd out to mount 
necessary Guards. The Appearance and Behaviour of 
all the Companies has done them Honour. Captain 
Davis and the Light Company have justly merited 
particular applause. 

The Execution of Peter Pickman Frye which was 
to have been this Day, is suspended untill Thursday 
the twenty first Instant. 



Lieut. Holmes is to mount the Magazine Guard 
untill further Orders. 

Col. H. Jackson is to sit "on the General Court 
Martial to morrow in the room of Col. Lee, who is ex- 
cused on special Business, and Majr Curtis in the room 
of Major Swasey. The members are desired to give 
punctual and seasonable attendance. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 8 August, 1777. 

Parole, Moses. Countersign, Nimrod. 

A Fatigue Party consisting of one Subaltern, one 
Sergeant and eighteen Men, for the Purpose of cutting 
Fire Wood are to be immediately detach'd from Col. 
Lee's and Col. H. Jackson's Regiments, six from the 
former and twelve from the latter. They are to be 
Men acquainted with the Business, they will be allowed 
eight pence ^ cord for cutting, over and above their 
ordinary Pay. Col. Lee and Jackson will agree upon 
a proper Subaltern and Sergeant as will best promote 
the service and accommodate their respective Regi- 
ments. This Detachment will remain on this Duty 
untill further Orders. The Adjutants will Report as 
soon as the Detachment is completed. Fifteen Days' 
Provision is to be drawn for the Party. The Dep'ty 
Qr. Master General will furnish them with four Tents 
which are to be used with great Care. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 9 August, 1777. 
Parole, Oxford. C. Sign, Parsons. 

John Steward, a soldier in Col. H. Jackson's Regi- 
ment, tried at the General Court Martial, whereof Col. 
Alden is President, for Desertion, and Sam'. Orr, of 
the same Regiment, tried at the same General Court 
Martial for disobeying orders, refusing to do his duty 
and threatening to stab a Serjeant of the Regiment. 

The Court finding John Steward guilty of Desertion 
sentence him to receive one hundred lashes well laid 
on his naked Back, to be returned to his Regiment and 
half his pay to be detained monthly until the necessary 
expences for apprehending and securing him are paid. 

The Court sentence Saml Orr, guilty of disobeying 
orders, to receive thirty-nine lashes on his naked Back. 

The General approves the two foregoing sentences 
and orders them to be put in Execution at the Head 
of the Regiment and that the Prisoners join the Regi- 
ment and do their duty and that a stoppage of half 
Steward's pay be made untill the necessary expences 
for apprehending of him &c. be paid. 

Capt. King, Lt. Hawkes * and Lt. Lincoln,t reported 
by the Court for not attending their Duty, were since 
the adjournment ordered on other service and conse- 
quently excusable, but ought to have certified the Court 
thereof It remains for Capt. Randall and Lt. Sturte- 
vantj to give the Reasons of their neglect. Col. M. 

* William Hawkes. \ John lyincoln. \ Isaac Sturlevant. 



Jackson is excused from attending the Court until fur- 
ther orders on account of his Heahh. 

All the Recruits in Quarters belonging to those 
Regiments that have already march'd are to be Equipt 
and got ready to march by Tuesday morning next. 
They are to form one Detachment, and are to guard 
the Deserters to Albany. Care is to be taken by the 
officers of the Regiments to which the Prisoners re- 
spectively belong that they be prepared to march also. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, io August, 1777. 
Parole, Randall. C. Sign, Stevens. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, ii August, 1777. 
Parole, Uxbridge. C. Sign, Walpole. 

Cambridge, ii August, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 
A Regimental Court Martial to sit to Morrow Morn- 
ing at nine o'clock for the trial of Henry Greenleaf 
and Saml Horton now under guard. 

Capt. Hastings, President. 
Lieut. Hawkes, 1 Members | Lt. Brown, 
Lt. Woolsey, J I Ensign Lovell. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 12 August, 1777. 
Parole, Xerxes. • C. Sign, Yorick. 


Cambridge, 12 August, 1777. 

Henry Greenleaf a soldier in Capt. Brown's Com- 
pany and Saml. Horton, a soldier in Capt. Orne's 
Company, tried at the Regimental Court Martial 
whereof Capt. Hastings is President, for imposing an 
order on the Commissary for Rum which they had no 
Right to — the Court are of Opinion that the Prisoners 
are Accomplices in the Crime and adjudges that they 
receive thirty Lashes each well laid on on the naked 
Back except they discover the Person who forged the 
Order. The Commanding Officer approves the Sen- 
tence and orders it to take place this afternoon at six 
o'clock at No. 2. 

After Orders. 

The Prisoners being brought at the Head of the 
Regiment, upon Sentence being read, Henry Green- 
leaf appealed to the Judgment of a General Court 
Martial — and Horton professing sorrow for his offence 
and having before been guilty of no other offence, the 
Commanding officer remits his punishment and orders 
him to join his Regiment and duly attend his Duty. 
He grants Greenleaf liberty of appeal and remands 
him under Guard. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 13 August, 1777. 
Parole, Alden. C. Sign, Biddle. 

As the General Court Martial stands adjourned to 
to Morrow Morning nine o'clock, the Members are de- 


sired to give a seasonable and punctual attendance. 
Capt. Randall has given satisfactory Reasons for his 
not sitting on the General Court Martial on Friday 

Cambridge, 13 August, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 
Henry Greenleaf who was tried at a Regimental 
Court Martial and sentenced to receive thirty Lashes 
and appeal'd to a General Court Martial as mentioned 
in the Orders of yesterday, having since desired liberty 
to withdraw his appeal, the Commanding officer grants 
him the Liberty and upon the Prisoner's promising 
better Behaviour for the future and asking Pardon of 
the Commissary, the officers of the Regiment in gen- 
eral and Capt. Orne in particular, he remits the Pun- 
ishment and orders Greenleaf to join the Regiment 
and duly attend his Duty — The Commanding officer 
wishing always to avoid inflicting Corporal Punish- 
ment hopes this will be a warning to all not to trans- 
gress for the future. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 14 August, 1777. 

Parole, Cambray. C. Sign, Dexter. 

Lieut. Holmes is to mount a Guard of a Corporal 

and three men from Capt. Burton's Company as a 

Guard for the Fire wood at Hall's wharf untill further 




The Soldiers are to quarter in the Barracks, they 
are not to be allowed to scatter in private Houses, no 
fuel is to be delivered to any Soldiers who are not 
quartered in the Barracks. There has of lale been a 
Remissness in taking the orders for the Troops at 
Cambridge. Punctuality is insisted on. Delinquents 
are to be reported. 

Complaint has been made of some abuse being of- 
fered to some inhabitants. All abuse must be care- 
fully prevented. Order and Regularity must be the 
Characteristick of those engaged in the noble Ameri- 
can Cause, the wonder of the age. 

The General Court Martial which was to have set 
this Day is adjourn'd to Tuesday next at 9 o'clock 
a. m., of which all concerned will take due notice. 
Lieut. Sturtevant has given satisfactory Reasons for 
his not sitting on the Court on Friday last. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 15 August, 1777. 
Parole, Effingham. Countersign, Gates. 

The General directs that the Dep'ty Commissary 
General in issuing the Flour to the Troops, deliver to 
them one-half old and the other new untill further or- 
ders, as he is determined that the Troops shall be well 
supplied and that strict attention shall be paid to their 


Head-Quarters, Boston, i6 August, 1777. 
Parole, Hadley. C. Sign,/<?«^j. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 17 August, 1777. 

Capt. Cartwright,* Capt. Jarvisf and Capt. Jones.J of 
Col. H. Jackson's Regiment, are appointed a Commit- 
tee of Survey whose Duty it is upon any complaint 
being made to them of Provisions being offered to be 
issued to the Troops by the Dep'ty Commissary Gen- 
eral, that are bad or unfit for use, to repair to the 
Store and survey such Provisions so offered or de- 
sign'd to be delivered, and if upon survey thereof, ex- 
ercising their best discretion for the Interest of the 
United States and Justice to the Troops it shall appear 
that any of the Provisions are bad and unfit for use, to 
condemn them as such, marking the Cask so con- 
demn'd, reporting the number, the species, and the 

The Committee at 8 o'clock to-morrow morning are 
to repair to the Commissary's Store in Boston and 
survey such flour as may be shown to them, after 
which they are to repair to Watertown and survey a 
quantity at that Place, and as soon as the Service is 
perform'd, make Report. 

* Thomas Cartwright. \ Nathaniel Jarvis. \ James Jones. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, i8 August, 1777. 
Parole, Moliere. C. Sign, Nichols. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 19 August, 1777. 
Parole, Washington. C. Sign, Lee. 

As the officers have now a peculiar opportunity for 
forming their Regiments, disciplining and instructing 
the men in the whole minutia of their Duty, the Gen- 
eral desires a strict attention thereto. Such a Con- 
duct will not fail to ensure Honor to the officers, and 
at the same time render their Country the most essen- 
tial service. The Diet and Cleanliness of the men, as 
they greatly conduce to Health, are objects that claim 
the attention of the officers. It is while 'the Troops 
remain in Quarters that the Principles of Order and 
Discipline are to be inculcated and made habitual. In 
the Field the hurry, fatigue and oftentimes the de- 
tached and scattered state of a Regiment afford few or 
no opportunities for disciplining the men. 

Cambridge, 19 August, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 
The Commanding Officer is sorry to have occasion 
to call upon the officers who are in Camp in Orders to 
give their attendance with the Regiment at Roll call- 
ing and other times, when he thought verbally desiring 
them so to do would have been sufficient. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 20 August, 1777. 
Parole, Oliver Cromwell. C. Sign, Pmvell. 

The General Court Martial whereof Lt. Col. Tudor 
was President, which stands adjourned to Tuesday 
next, is dissolved. 

A special General Court Martial to sit on Friday 
morning next at nine o'clock for the trial of such Pris- 
oners as may be brought before them. 

Col. M. Jackson, President 
Col. Lee, Capt. Drew, Capt. Marshall, 

Col. H. Jackson, Capt. Carr, Capt. Holden, 

Major Swasey, Capt. Allen, Capt. Wadsworth, 

Major Trescott,* Capt. Dolliver, Ensign White. 

The Adjutants are to take particular care that such 
members as belong to their respective Regiments are 
seasonably notified. 

The General congratulates the Army on the signal 
success lately obtained over the Enemy near Benning- 
ton by the militia under the command of Brigadier 
Stark. Four Brass Field Pieces and four or five hun- 
dred Prisoners have been taken from the Enemy. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 21 August, 1777. 
Parole, Simmonds. C. Sign, Stark. 

Adj'. Dunckerlyt to Attend the General Court Mar- 
tial to morrow. Complaint has been made of Gardens 

* Lemuel Trescott. f Joseph Dunckerly. 



being pillaged hy the soldiery in Cambridge. As ma- 
rauding and pillaging are a disgrace to an army and 
commonly bring on the soldiery the imprecations of 
the injured Inhabitants, the General desires the utmost 
Exertions of the officers of all Ranks to put a stop to 
those Practices, which are both injurious and disgrace- 
ful. The Quarter-Masters of the several Regiments 
before they present their provision returns to the Com- 
missary in order to their drawing Provisions are to 
have the Return certified by the Barrack Master. As 
some of the members appointed to sit on the General 
Court Martial to morrow by yesterday's orders are ab- 
sent, Capt. Pilsbury and Capt. Varnum* are appointed 
members. They are to attend accordingly. 

The execution of Peter Pickman Frye, which was to 
have been this day, is suspended until Thursday, the 
fifth day of September next. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 22 August, 1777. 
Parole, Victory. C. Sign, Bennington. 

The General again congratulates the Army on the 
signal success obtained by the Troops under the Com- 
mand of General Starke on the i6th Ins', near Ben- 
nington, in which about two hundred of the Enemy 
were kill'd and seven hundred taken Prisoners with 
very little Loss on our Side. Our Troops behaved 
with the greatest Spirit and Bravery. 

* James Varnum. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 23 August, 1777. 
Parole, Concord. C. Sign, Danvers. 

All Recruits now in Quarters at the Rendezvous of 
either of the fifteen Battalions which have march'd 
from the State of Massachusetts Bay, are to be prop- 
erly arm'd, equipt and ready to march on Tuesday 
Morning next. They are to be formed into one De- 
tachment. The Commanding Officer is to apply to 
Head-Quarters for Orders. If any Recruits are absent 
they are to be ordered in immediately. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 25 August, 1777. 
Parole, Gates. C. Sign, Hakerman. 

Elijah Woodward, alias Josiah Williams, a Soldier 
belonging to Col. Knapp's Company in Col. Shep- 
herd's Regiment, tried at the General Court Martial 
whereof Col. Mich'. Jackson is President, for Deser- 
tion and inlisting into Col. H. Jackson's Regiment. 

The Court after duly attending and maturely delib- 
erating on the Evidence, do find the Prisoner guilty of 
a Violation and Breach of the first and third Articles 
of the sixth Section of the Rules and Regulations for 
the Continental Forces. The Court having examined 
the Records of the Court Martial and finding the Pris- 
oner has repeatedly and by various Names inlisted in 
different Regiments and has been often an Offender in 
the like Instance as the present, and that he has been 
5 lately 


lately punished by Decree of a Court in Boston ; the 
Court also discovering by a very cautious and strict 
Enquiry that the Prisoner's former Character and 
Conduct has been that of an incorrigible Villain, do 
sentence the said Elijah Woodward, alias Josiah Wil- 
liams to suffer Death by being shot. 

The General approves the Sentence and orders it to 
be put into Execution on Thursday, the eleventh Day 
of September next between the Hours of eight and 
eleven o'clock in the morning, on the Bottom of the 
Common in Boston by a Detachment from Col. Lee's, 
Henley's, and Henry Jackson's Regiments. Adj' 
Dunckerly to see the Sentence put in Execution. All 
the Troops off Duty at Boston, Dorchester, Roxbury 
and Cambridge to attend the Execution. 

Col. Davis will immediately apply to the Dep'tj' 
Commissary General of Provisions and draw fifteen 
day's Allowance of Provisions and Fatigue Rum for 
the Detachment cutting Fire Wood at Plymouth, 
which is to be forwarded to that Place as soon as may 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 26 August, 1777. 
Parole, Kingston. Countersign, Lancaster. 
The Dep'ty Quarter Master General will immedi- 
ately order the erecting a proper Stockade round the 
Magazine of Provisions at Sudbury. If the Guard 
House already built there is not sufficient to barrack 



fifty men, it is to be enlarged and made capable of 
containing that Number. As soon as this Service is 
performed at Sudbury, the same is to be done at the 
Magazine at Sherburne. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 27 August, 1777. 
Parole, Maiden. C. Sign, Nantasket. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 28 August, 1777. 
Parole, Oxford. C. Sign, Parsons. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 29 August, 1777. 
Parole, Roxbury. C. Sign, Salisbury. 

James Ludd, a soldier belonging to Col. Shepherd's 
Regiment, tried some time since at the General Court 
Martial whereof Col. Alden was President for Deser- 

The Court finding the Prisoner guilty of the Crime 
alleged against him, sentence him to receive fifty 
Lashes well laid on his naked Back and to forfeit for 
the use of the Continent one half his share of all Prizes 
taken by the Privateer or Privateers in which he was 
engaged or concerned during his absence from his 

The General approves the sentence and orders that 
the whipping be inflicted to morrow Morning at 9 



o'clock on the Common by the Drummers of Col. 
Lee's and H. Jackson's Regiments, Adj't Carew to see 
the sentence put in Execution. The General doubting 
the Propriety of stopping the Prize money, does not 
direct a stoppage thereof. In such Cases of absence 
the mulct should be on the Wages after the Sentence 
is performed. Ludd is to join Col. Shepherd's Regi- 

As it will be more regular as well as convenient for 
for the several Regiments to be mustered on some 
Particular Day in each month, the General directs 
that Col. H. Jackson's Regiment be mustered on the 
first Monday, Col. Lee's on the first Wednesday, and 
Co. Henley's on the first Friday at ten o'clock in the 
morning in every Month until further Orders. 

Cambridge, 29 August, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 

A Regiment Court Martial to sit to morrow at the 
house of Mr. Bradish at ten o'clock in the Morning for 
the Trial of such Prisoners as may be brought before 

Capt. North,* President. 

Lt. Hawkes, 1 ^^^bers | ^"^'^n Smith, 
Lt. Brown, J J Ensign Hill. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 30 August, 1777. 
Parole, Taunton. C. Sign, Venice. 

* William North. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 31 August, 1777. 
Parole, Wadsworih. C. Sign, Yorick, 

Cambridge, 31 August, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 

Henry Greenleaf, a Soldier in Capt. Brown's Com- 
pany, tried at the Regimental Court Martial whereof 
Capt. North is President for stealing money, — the 
Court having maturely considered of the Matter are 
unanimously of opinion that the Evidence is not of 
sufficient force to condemn him. 

Moses Stanford, a soldier in Capt. Hasting's Com- 
pany tried at the same Court Martial for breaking his 
furlough — the Court finding him guilty order him to 
be mulcted one month's wages, that he be immediately 
sworn, and join the Regiment. 

The Commanding officer approves the Judgment of 
the Court, and orders the officer who inlisted Stanford 
to see that he is sworn and mustered without Delay, 
and that the Prisoners be released from their confine- 

Head-Quarters, Boston, i September, 1777. 
Parole, Andover. C. Sign, Barclay. 

The members of the General Court Martial who 
have not been excused since the day of the Court's 
sitting, are to give their punctual attendance to-mor- 
row, to which time it stands adjourned. 



Major Curtis and Capt. Varnum are appointed mem- 
bers in the Room of two members who are excused. 

All recruits now in Quarters belonging to either of 
the Regiments doing Duty in the Northern Depart- 
ment, are to be prepared for marching by Thursday 
next. They are to be formed into one Detachment, 
the Commanding officer will apply to Head-Quarters 
for orders. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 2 September, 1777. 
Parole, Chatham. C. Sign, Dunstan. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 3 September, 1777. 
Parole, Dunstable. C. Sign, Exeter. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 4 September, 1777. 

Parole, Staten Island. C. Sign, Sullivan. 

Thomas Lake, a Soldier belonging to Col. Mar- 
shall's Regiment, tried at the General Court Martial 
whereof Col. Mich'. Jackson is President for Desertion 
and inlisting several times, after a full Discussion the 
Court find the Prisoner guilty of repeated Inlistments 
and Desertions in Breach of the first and third articles 
in the sixth section of the Rules and Regulations for 
the Continental Army. Positive evidence abundantly 
supports the charge, which is still further strengthened 
by the concurring Testimony of Persons of unques- 


tionable Veracity, whose Information convinces the 
Court that the Prisoner in addition to the Evidence 
positive, heretofore has with impunity committed simi- 
lar offences founded in Perjury and Robbery against 
his God and his Country; the Court therefore sentence 
the Prisoner Thomas Lake to be hanged by his neck 
until he is dead. 

The General approves the sentence, and orders it to 
be put in Execution on Thursday the eighteenth of 
September instant, between the Hours of eleven in the 
Forenoon and one in the Afternoon at such Place as 
shall be hereafter directed, all the Troops off Duty to 
attend the Execution. Adjutant Edwards* to see the 
sentence put into Execution. 

The Execution of Peter Pickman Frye is suspended 
untill Thursday the eleventh Instant at eleven o'clock 
in the Forenoon. 

A Guard consisting of a Corporal and three Men to 
be sent immediately to Medford as a Guard to the 
Continental Naval Store at that Place. They will 
receive Directions from Benj^ Hall, Esq^ This Guard 
is to be relieved alternately by Col. Lee's and Henley's 
Regiments, and may be relieved daily, twice a week, 
or once a week, as the Adjutants may agree. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 5 September, 1777. 

Joseph Campbell, alias David Mitchell, a Soldier in 

* Thomas Edwards. 



Col. Vose's Regiment, tried at the General Court 
Martial whereof Col. Michl Jackson is President for 
Desertion, inlisting a second time and changing his 

The Court find the Prisoner Campbell alias Mitchell 
guilty of the Charge in Breach of the first and third 
Articles of the sixth Section of Rules and Regulations 
for the Continental Army, also guilty of perfidiously 
changing his name, and robbing the Continent of a 
Gun and Accoutrements, for which they sentence him 
to receive one hundred lashes for each offence, to be 
well laid on his naked Back, amounting in the whole 
to three hundred lashes, and recommend that he be 
turned over to some Continental Ship without the 
Privilege of coming on Shore. 

The General approves the sentence and orders it to 
be put in Execution on Tuesday Morning next at 
nine o'clock on the Common by the Drummers of 
Col. Lee's and H. Jackson's Regiment. Adj' Carew 
to see the sentence put in execution and that the Pris- 
oner be sent to Capt. McNeil's ship, there to do Duty 
until the Expiration of the Term for which he engaged 
to serve in the Continental Army. The General is 
just inform'd to his great Surprize that the Prisoner 
the last Evening made his Escape from the Main 
Guard. A strict Enquiry is to be made and if the 
Sentry or any of the Guard are found culpable he or 
they are immediately to be confined. It is very unac- 
countable that so many Prisoners have escaped within 

a few 


a few months past. Every Endeavour is to be exerted 
to apprehend the before-mentioned Prisoner and a re- 
ward of ten Dollars and all necessary expenses will be 
paid to any Person who shall apprehend and send him 
to the Main Guard. 

John Carill, a soldier in Col. Marshall's Regiment, 
tried at the same Court Martial for Absence from his 
Regiment without Permission, the Court find the Pris- 
oner guilty of Desertion and sentence him to receive 
thirty nine Lashes on his naked Back. Several cir- 
cumstances appearing much in favor of the Prisoner, 
the Court unanimously recommend him to the Lenity 
of the General. 

The General approves the sentence, remits the Pun- 
ishment and orders the Prisoner to take Capt. Mar- 
shall's direction and join Capt. Marshall's Regiment. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 6 September, 1777. 
Parole, Hadley. C. '^\%n, Jersey. 

Jedediah Green, of Col. Crane's Regiment, tried at 
the General Court Martial whereof Col. Mich'. Jackson 
is President for Desertion, the Prisoner plead Guilty 
and beg'd the Mercy of the Court. 

The Court sentence Jedediah Green to receive fifty 
stripes well laid on his naked Back, to join his Regi- 
ment and half his pay each month to be stopped until 
the necessary Charges of Recovering him for the Regi- 
ment are paid. The Court are of opinion that as vile 



characters tend to aggravate offences, so a well sup- 
ported Reputation for good Behaviour should operate 
to an alleviation of Punishment. Therefore the Court 
unanimously in Consequence of Lieut. Bunnell's de- 
claration and the Prisoner's appearance do recommend 
him to the Mercy of the General for the Remission of 
the stripes, and orders Green to join his Regiment and 
stoppage of his Pay to be made and paid as directed 
by the Court. 

Benjamin Brazier, a soldier in Col. Alden's Regi- 
ment, tried at the same General Court Martial for De- 
sertion and inlisting into Col. Lee's Regiment — the 
Court find the Prisoner guilty and sentence him to re- 
ceive one hundred stripes for each offence, two hun- 
dred in the whole, well laid on his naked Back, and 
join Col. Alden's Regiment, half his Pay to be detained 
each month till his last Bounty and the charges of ap- 
prehending and securing him are fully paid. 

The General approves the sentence and orders 
Adj'. Carew to see it put in Execution on Wednesday 
morning next at nine o'clock on the Common, by the 
Drummers of Col. Lee's and Henry Jackson's Regi- 
ment, and that the Prisoner join his Regiment ; the 
stoppage of his Pay to be made and paid as directed 
by the Court. Particular care is to be taken that the 
guard sent to Medford constantly take their Provisions 
with them. The Barrack Master at Cambridge is to 
send them a load of wood, which the Corporal will use 
with Prudence for the Purpose of cooking their Pro- 



One Serjeant and four Privates to be immediately 
drafted from Col. Henry Jackson's Regiment, one 
Corporal and three Privates from Col. Lee's, one Pri- 
vate from Capt. Burton's Company, to execute the sen- 
tence of Elijah Woodward, alias Williams, and Peter 
Pickman Frye on Thursday morning next under the 
direction of Adjutant Dunckerly. This Detachment 
is to parade on the Common near the Grainery on 
Wednesday morning next at ten o'clock, when the 
Adjutant will receive them and give them further Di- 
rections. Those quartered out of Town are to bring 
one Day's Provision with them. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 7 September, 1777. 

Parole, Kingston. C. Sign, Labrador. 

Henry Greenleaf, a soldier belonging to Col. Lee's 
Regiment having been charged with taking Flour from 
the Public Stores and selling of a quantity, upon ex- 
amination has accused some other Persons of being 
privy thereto, in order that Justice may be done to 
the Persons and to the Public — a Court of Enquiry is 
to sit on Wednesday next at nine o'clock in the morn- 
ing at such Place as the President shall appoint in 
Cambridge; they will carefully examine the said Green- 
leaf and M^ Austin, Assistant Dep'ty Commissary 
and George Douglass the Cooper, and make Report. 
Major Curtis, President. 

Major Swasey, \ \ Capt. Scott, and 

Capt. Varnum, / Members | ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 



One Orderly Serjeant from Col. Lee's Regiment to 
attend the Court. Particular Care is to be taken that 
no Prisoners of War are inlisted into the Continental 
Army. The Officers who inlist such will be answer- 
able for all the Expence they may be at to the Conti- 
nent. If any of the Members warned on the Court of 
Enquiry shall be absent, their President will appoint 
others in their Stead. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 8 September, 1777. 
Parole, Milton. C. Sign, Nants. 

All Officers, non commissioned Officers and Sol- 
diers belonging to either of the Regiments rais'd by 
the State of Massachusetts doing Duty in the North- 
ern Army, are to join their respective Regiments im- 

Capt. Lyman is to sit on the Court of Enquiry at 
Cambridge on Wednesday next in the Room of Major 
Swasey, who is excused. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 9 September, 1777. 
Parole, Olney. C. Sign, Pompton. 

Capt. Wright* having been appointed to act as Judge 
Advocate and the frequent sitting of the General Court 
Martial of late requiring much of his Time and Atten- 

* Cartwright. 



tion, Col. Jackson will please to excuse him from at- 
tending with the Regiment at Dorchester (extraordi- 
nary Occasions excepted). 

Field Officer for the Day for Thursday next, Col. 
Henley. Adjutant of the Day, Carew. All Troops 
off Duty are to attend the Execution on Thursday 
next. They are to parade on the Common near the 
Grainery, at eight o'clock in the Morning where they 
will receive their Orders from the Field Officer of the 

The sentence of Benjamin Brazier is to be put in 
Execution to Morrow Morning at six o'clock, instead 
of nine, as directed by the General Orders of the sixth 

The General Court Martial, which was to have set 
this Morning, is adjourn'd to Tuesday next, of which 
the Members will take Notice. 

■ Cambridge, 9 September, 1777. 

Regimental Orders. 
The Commanding Officer orders the Guards to be 
relieved to Morrow Evening by the Invalids and Camp 
Colourmen ; That all the Troops that are in Camp pre- 
pare themselves to march to Boston by six o'Clock on 
Thursday Morning; that they took their Breakfast the 
Night before and appear on the Parade clean and their 
Hair powdered. The Corporal and three who are for 
the guard to march to Morrow Morning unless counter 



ordered. Cloathing will be delivered to them this 
Afternoon to wear that Day. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, io September, 1777. 
Parole, Rawlins. C. Sign, Stockbridge. 

One Private from Col. Lee's Regiment, one from 
Col. Sherburne's and two from Col. H. Jackson's are 
to attend with the Detachment who are to perform the 
Execution to morrow they are to carry the Coffin be- 
fore the Prisoner, from the Prison to the place of 
Execution. The alertness of the Troops so often dis- 
covered, renders it unnecessary for the General to 
caution them to be in Season on the Parade to morrow. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, ii September, 1777. 
Parole, Henley. C. ^\^i\, Jackson. 

Elijah Woodward having this Day received his Sen- 
tence, being shot to Death in the Presence of the 
Troops, the General hopes that the Army will learn 
from this Example that the aggravated Crime of De- 
sertion, in which is involved Perjury and Fraud, will 
not escape a Punishment adequate to the Infamy and 
Villainy of the offence. 

The Case of Peter Pickman Frye, a Soldier belong- 
ing to Col. Marshall's Regiment, some time since sen- 
tenced by the General Court Martial, whereof Col. 
John Greaton was President, to be shot to Death for 



Desertion, which sentence was approved of, having 
been laid before the hon'ble the Continental Congress, 
that august Body have been pleased to express their 
Pleasure that if upon Enquiry it should appear that 
the Culprit is of unsound Mind, or incapable from nat- 
ural defect of understanding to judge what is right or 
wrong, that a free Pardon be granted to him, for this 
Reason only, and by no means on account of Friends 
or connections, who should never be considered when 
publick Justice demands vicious men to suffer. En- 
quiry having been made of those best acquainted with 
the character of the culprit, and in particular of the 
Selectmen of the Town of Salem in which he was born 
and brought up, the Selectmen certify that with respect 
to his mental abilities, he must be ranked with the 
lowest of Mankind, as he is not only incapable of 
maliciously committing a Crime, but really incapable 
of feeling any uneasiness at being sentenced to so 
severe a Punishment as that to which he is condemned, 
and through Life has, in their Opinion, constantly bore 
about with him evident marks of Insanity, and there- 
fore is an unsuitable Object for Punishment — the Cer- 
tificate being signed by all the Selectmen and also by 
the Chairman of the Committee of Safety. The Gen- 
eral has in Consequence thereof, by virtue of the Au- 
thority given him for that purpose, granted him, the 
said Peter Pickman Frye, a free Pardon and Remis- 
sion of the Punishment to which he was sentenced. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 12 September, 1777. 

Parole, Utrecht. C. Sign, Wales. 

A Corporal and four Privates are to be sent daily 
(Sundays excepted) over to Boston with the Guard 
from Col. H. Jackson's Regiment, vi^ithout arms, to 
cord up the Continental Wood on Hatch's Wharf. 
The Corporal will see that the men are kept steadily 
at work. This working Party is to be continued by 
Relief until further Orders. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 13 September, 1777. 
Parole, Rustic. C. Sign, Yeoman. 

The Court of Inquiry, whereof Major Curtis was 
President, appointed to inquire into a charge of suspi- 
cion of Fraud, made by one Greenleaf, a soldier, 
against Mr. Austin, Assistant Commissary of Pris- 
oners, and Mr. Douglass, a cooper, the Court after a 
strict inquiry, are unanimously of opinion that Mr. 
Austin and Mr. Douglass are intirely free from the 
above suspicion, and that Greenleaf is guilty of the 
charge lodged against him, and desire that he may be 
brought before a Court Martial. 

The General approves the opinion of the Court and 
orders Greenleaf to be immediately sent to the Main 
Guard in order to his being brought to tryal. 


Cambridge, 13 September, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 
It is with surprize the Colonel observes the constant 
attendance the non-commissioned officers and soldiers 
give to Taverns and other licensed Houses in this 
Town, as it is productive of every bad consequence 
imaginable, not only loss of time, but spending their 
money for what they have not any real occasion for, 
when at the same time their Families are suffering for 
want. Therefore, he positively orders that every sol- 
dier after Retreat is beat, retires to his Barrack, and 
not to be out without Leave of their Serjeant, and 
neither non-commission'd officer or soldier to be seen 
out of their Quarters after the Tattoo is beat upon any 
Pretence whatever, and that to be at eight o'clock. 
This to be a standing order. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 14 September, 1777. 
Parole, Addison. C. Sign, Bailey. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 15 September, 1777. 
Troop beating for mounting the guard is to be at 
9 in the morning, retreat at sunset, and tattoo at eight 
in the evening, until further orders. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 16 September, 1777. 
Parole, Eaton. C. Sign, Fairfield. 



Head-Quarters, Boston, 17 September, 1777. 
Parole, Grayson. C. Sign, Hayley. 

The Execution of Thomas Lake, which was to have 
been to morrow, is suspended until Thursday the sec- 
ond day of October next. Col. Lee's Regiment is to 
march into Boston to morrow, where they are to take 
Quarters until further Orders. Col. Lee is to have 
one Serjeant, one Corporal and fourteen Privates to do 
Duty at Cambridge until further Orders. This De- 
tachment is to join Col. Henley's Regiment, and at- 
tend Roll call with them. Col. Henley's Regiment 
with the before mentioned Detachment are to mount 
the Magazine Guard at Charleston and the Guard at 
Cambridge. Three men are to be added to the Main 
Guard to morrow from Col. Henry Jackson's Regi- 
ment. The Guard at Medford to be mounted as usual. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 18 September, 1777. 
Parole, Newton. C. Sign, Plato. 

The General Court Martial whereof Col. Michael 
Jackson was President is dissolved. The weather 
being very stormy. Col. Lee's Regiment will not march 
into Town until to morrow. 

Cambridge, 18 September, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 
The Commanding Officer orders that Lieutenant 
Brown tarry in Cambridge to take Charge of the De- 


tachment to be left to assist Col. Henley's Regiment 
in mounting the Guards. He is to see that they turn 
out with Col. Henley's men for Exercise at which time 
he'll give his attendance. No non-commissioned offi- 
cer or soldier is to lodge out of his Barrack in Boston 
on any Pretence whatever^ nor be absent from the 
Place of Parade at the Hours affixt for Exercise with- 
out leave from the Commanding Officer. If any 
should be so hardened as to break this order, he must 
expect to be punished by a Court Martial. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 20 September, 1777. 
Parole, Arnold. C. Sign, Gates. 

A Corporal and nine men are to be sent from Col. 
Lee's Regiment, a Corporal and six from Col. Sher- 
burne's this afternoon to reinforce the Main Guard. 

The Main Guard for the future is to consist of one 
Subaltern, one Serjeant, two Corporals, one Drum, one 
Fife, and thirty Privates — the Subaltern to be given 
alternately by Col. Lee's and Col. H. Jackson's Reg"? 
A Captain is to be Officer of the Day, and is to be 
given by the Regiments alternately as the Officer of 
the Guard, beginning with the eldest. The Officer of 
the Day will visit the Guard in the Day time and give 
them such Directions as may be necessary for their 
Conduct, both by Day and Night. He will dine at 
Head-Quarters, make his Grand Round in the Night, 
and having received the Report of the Guard from the 



officer who commanded it, he will report it to the 
General, adding thereto any Extraordinarys that have 
been noticed by him during his Tour. 

The Adjutant of the Regiment which gives the Offi- 
cer of the Day, is to be Adjutant of the Day. He 
will attend on the Grand Parade and see the Guard or 
Guards compleated, the officers posted and the Guards 
marched off in Presence of the Officer of the Day. 

CAMBRroGE, 20 September, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 
A Regimental Court Martial to sit this Day at ten o'clock 
at the House of Mr. Bradish to try Zebulon Basset, a soldier 
in Capt. North's Company accused of stealing. 
Capt. Hastings, President. 
Lt. Brown and Ensign Lovell, Members. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 21 September, 1777. 
Parole, Leonard. C. Sign, Mansfield. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 22 September, 1777. 
Parole, Niks. C. Sign, Overton. 

The Sergeant ordered for the Main Guard is to be 
furnished alternately from Col. Lee's and Col. H. 
Jackson's Regiment. 

The Alarm Post of Col. Lee's Regim'. is in the Fort 
on Fort Hill; Col. Henley's, on Cambridge Common. 
Officer of the day to-morrow, Capt. North. 


Head-Quarters, Boston, 23 September, 1777. 
Parole, Pembroke. C. Sign, Rowley. 

Boston, 23 September, 1777. 
Regimental Orders. 

Zebulon Basset, a soldier in Capt. North's Company, tried 
at the Regimental Court Martial whereof Capt. Hastings 
was President for stealing. 

The Prisoner pleading guilty, the Court are of opinion 
that the Crime comes under the sixteenth Article of the 
thirteenth Section of the Rules and Regulations of the Con- 
tinental Army, and sentence the Prisoner to receive thirty 
stripes on his naked Back, but in Consideration of his for- 
mer good Conduct do recommend him to the Commanding 
Officer for a Remission of the Stripes. 

The Commanding Officer approves the Judgment of the 
Court, remits the Stripes and orders Basset to joyn his Reg- 
iment and attend his Duty. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 24 September, 1777. 
Parole, Salisbury. C. Sign, Talbot. 

Col. Lee's, Col. Henley's, and Col. H. Jackson's 
Regiments are to prepare themselves to march and 
joyn the Grand Army without the least loss of time. 
Immediate and strict Attention to be paid to the Men's 
Arms, Accouterments and Cloathing. All absent offi- 
cers and soldiers to joyn their respective Corps imme- 


diately. The Detachment of Wood Cutters at Ply- 
mouth are also to be ordered in as soon as possible; 
particular Care is to be taken of the Provisions lately 
sent to that Detachment that they may not be wasted 
or lost. The Guards to be mounted and Duty per- 
formed as at Present until further orders. 

Head- Quarters, Boston, 25 September, 1777. 
Parole, Vox. C. Sign, Weeden. 

If there are any men at the Rendezvous at Cam- 
bridge drafted to serve in the Continental Army for 
the Term of eight months, they are immediately to re- 
pair to Head Quarters Boston, whence they will be 
sent on immediately to the army. The same mode of 
conduct is to be followed by the other Drafts when- 
ever they repair to the Rendezvous. 

After Orders. 
Col. Lee's men are to be immediately taken off 
Duty, and the Regiment marched to Cambridge, and 
every Preparation made for their marching to joyn the 
Grand Army without loss of time. The Sentrys of 
the Main Guard are to be reduced accordingly. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 26 September. 1777. 
Parole, Green. C. Sign, Morgan, 

Cols. Lee, Henley and Jackson will immediately 



make Return of the Christian and Sirnames of the 
Field, Staff and commissioned officers of their respect- 
ive Regiments, specifying their Rank and the exact 
Times of their appointments in order to the obtaining 
of their Commission. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 27 September, 1777. 
Parole, America. C. Sign, Boston. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 29 September, 1777. 
The Main Guard for the future until it is relieved by 
the Militia, is to consist of one Corporal and six pri- 
vates only, which are to be mounted from Col. H. 
Jackson's Reg' 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 30 September, 1777. 
The Sentence of Thomas Lake is to be put in Exe- 
cution on Thursday next (being the Time to which his 
Execution was suspended) between the Hours of eight 
and twelve in the Forenoon on the Common in Bos- 
ton. Adj'- Edwards to see the Sentence put in Exe- 
cution agreeable to former Orders. All the Troops 
off Duty to attend. The Dep'ty Quarter Master Gen- 
eral is to order a Gallows to be erected &c. Lt. Col. 
Smith to be Field officer of the Day on Thursday 
next; Adj'- of the same Day, Dunckerly; the utmost 



Vigilance to be exerted in preparing the Regiments 
under Orders for marching which must not be delayed 
a Moment after they are ready. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, i October, 1777. 

Major Procter's Detachment of Militia are to be 
disposed of as follows, Major, Adjutant, two Captains, 
4 Subalterns, eight Serjeants, twelve Corporals, two 
Drums & two Fifes, and one hundred & twenty pri- 
vates in Boston. 

One Captain, two Subalterns, four Serjeants, six Cor- 
porals, one Drum, and forty five Privates at Dorches- 
ter Heights. 

Two Subalterns, three Serjeants, six Corporals, i 
Drum, & forty-five Privates at Cambridge. The Ser- 
jeant & Privates drafted from the Town of Medford 
to be included in the Cambridge Guard. Major Proc- 
ter will make the foregoing Disposition as soon as 

The Dep'ty Qr. Master General will deliver Tents 
to the several Regiments now under Marching Orders 
in the Proportion of one to every six Men. Camp 
Kettles in the same proportion. 

The Indisposition of Body of Thos. Lake being 
such as renders his Execution to-Morrow impractica- 
ble, his Execution is suspended until Monday next. 


Hkad-Quarters, Boston, 2 October, 1777. 

Col. Henley's and Col. H. Jackson's Regtt are to 
be immediately taken off Duty and the necessary 
Guards at Dorchester are to be mounted by Major 
Proctor's Detachment of Mililia. 

Capt. Stearns who is to do the Duty at Dorchester 
Heights will receive the ordnance stores. Provisions, 
etc., from the officers of Col. Jackson's Regiment who 
now has the Charge of them and receipt therefor. 

Head-Quarters, 2 October, 1777. 

The sentence of Thos. Lake is to be put in execution 
on Monday next on the Common in Boston, between 
the Hours of eight and twelve o'clock before noon. 
Adjutant Carew to see the sentence put in execution. 
All the Troops off duty to attend. 

Field officer of the Day on Monday next, Lieut. 
Col? , Cobb; Adj'. of the Day, Dunckerly. 

The troops to be seasonably on the Guard parade. 

Head-Quarters, Boston, 3 October, 1777. 
The Main Guard as soon as the strength of the De- 
tachment quartered in Town will admit it, is to consist 
of I subaltern, two Serjeants, two Corporals, one Drum, 
and Thirty privates. The two Captains, and the eldest 
Subaltern quartered in Boston are to act as officer of 
the Day in Rotation; the officer of the Guard is to 
, report 


report to the officer of the Day, who will report to the 
General, adding any remarkable occurrences that may 
happen during his Tour. Those officers belonging to 
the Continental Regiments, who do not march with 
the first Division of their respective Regiments, are 
assiduously to apply themselves to the Recruiting Ser- 

Whenever any Corps receive orders to march and 
joyn the army, the Quartermaster of the Reg'. , before 
the Regiment marches off, is to collect all the Utensils 
which he has receiv'd for the use of the Regiment, and 
carefully return them to the DV Q. M. G., except such 
as may be necessary to forward with the Regiment. 


Head-Quarters, 19 October, 1777. 
Parole, Stanwix. C. Sign, Saratoga. 

Head-Quarters, Red Hook, 20 October, 1777. 
Parole, Red. C. Sign, Hook. 

The same Picquet to be kept to night as was kept 
last night consisting of the same number. 

All the Troops are Ordered to parade to morrow 
morning at seven o clock precisely at their respective 
Brigade Parades. 

The General orders half a jill of Rum to be dealt 
out to each of the Troops upon the Return of their 

Head-Quarters, Red Hook, 21 October, 1777. 

Parole, Clinton. C. Sign, Dubois. 



Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, 25 October, 1777. 

Parole, Pitt. C. Sign, Barre. 

Col. Webb \ 

B. M. Chittenden > Officers of the Day to morrow. 

Adj'. Hart j 

The Commanding Officers of the Continental Reg- 
iments are again ordered forthwith to make Returns 
of the Cloathing received & what is still wanted by 
their respective Regiments. 

The General strictly forbids all plundering of private 
Property, robbing of Gardens, burning of Rails, Fences, 
&c., under the severest Penalties, and the officers are 
to take especial Care to see that the Troops strictly 
observe this Order, and to take up any that shall 
transgress it. 

Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, 26 October, 1777. 
Parole, Paris. C. Sign, Hague. 

Col. Wyllys | 

B. M. Humphrey \ Officers of the Day to morrow. 
Adj'- Harpin J 

The General is sorry that the situation of the Enemy 
is such as puts it out of his Power immediately to dis- 
charge the Militia, or what makes him more so is to 

(95) hear 


hear that some of the Militia, not duly attending to 
their own Reputation and the safety of the publick, 
have tarnished their good beginning by a shameful 
Desertion, whose ill example he trusts none here 
present will follow. He has received Information that 
between four and five thousand of the Enemy are 
collected at or near Fort Montgomery, and should the 
Militia leave him at this Juncture, Notice of it would 
immediately be carried to the Enemy by the rascally 
Tories and all the Barracks and Stores in this part of 
the Country become easy to be destroyed by them. 
The General paying proper attention to the pressing 
Circumstances of the Militia, the publick safety in 
which our own is involved, and willing to make mat- 
ters as easy as possible, requests the Militia as they 
regard themselves, their Families and Posterity and 
the Safety and Liberty of the Country, will not leave 
him until regularly discharg'd which he assures them 
shall be done on Wednesday next and as much sooner 
as the Reinforcement from the Northward arrives, 
which he daily expects, excepting those who are 
drafted for a certain Term of Time. 

Col. Wyllys' Regiment of Continental Troops are to 
be mustered to morrow morning, ten o'clock, at their 
Regimental Parade. 


Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, 27 October, 1777. 

Parole, Boston. C. Sign, Roxbury. 

Lt. Co. Smith 1 ^„ , , ^ 

Adj'. Edwards ( ^"icers of the Day to morrow. 

The militia (except those drafted for a certain Time) 
are ordered to return their Tents and Camp Utensils, 
arms and ammunition, drawn from the publick stores, 
into the stores from whence they were taken except 
the ammunition that has been necessarily expended in 
the Service. 

The General has the Happiness to acquaint the 
Troops that the Enemy after their infamous and dis- 
appointing Expedition up the North River marked 
with a thousand Instances of little Spite and low Re- 
venge against a Country evidently beyond their Power 
to conquer, have quitted Peekskill and the adjacent 
Posts, Fort Montgomery, Clinton, &c., &c.; have passed 
down the River with their whole Fleet ; that General 
Poor is within two Day's march of this with a good 
Body of Troops, whereby he has it in his Power to 
release the Militia considerably sooner than he ex- 
pected, and altho' they did not arrive soon enough to 
prevent the Loss of Fort Montgomery, Peekskill, &c. 
yet they may be assured they have been greatly ser- 
viceable in preventing the Enemies making Incursions 
into the Country, extending their Ravages and spread- 
ing desolation and Ruin by Fire and Sword among 
our Towns and Stores. The General therefore returns 
7 them 


them his thanks in behalf of their Country for the 
good Services they have done and the noble Spirit of 
Liberty with which they turned out when called, a 
Spirit that ever has and will be the Scourge of Tyrants, 
the Glory and Security of a brave and free People, 
and takes particular Pleasure in embracing the earliest 
Moment, consistent with the publick Safety, to gratify 
their Inclination by dismissing them to return to their 
Homes and Families, and thereupon directs and or- 
ders the several Regiments and Independent Com- 
panies of Militia, except those drafted for a certain 
Time, to be discharg'd, and they are hereby released 
and discharged from any further Service in the Army 
under his Command, and have Liberty to return to 
their respective Homes, hoping they will find their 
Friends and Families in Health and Safety, long live, 
and be free, and ever conduct worthy of so exalted a 
Privilege and Character. 

A good silver Watch was found on the seventeenth 
Oct? Ins! between Fish Kill and Poughkeepsie, & 
now in Possession of Gen' Silliman. Any Person 
applying & making evident his Property shall receive 
the same. 

Head- Quarters, Fish Kill, 28 October, 1777. 

Parole, Nixon. C. Sign, Poor. 

Major Grosvenor 1 f^rc r ..t. t-> 4. 

A jtj jT (^ \ Officers of the Day to morrow. 


Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, 29 October, 1777. 
Parole, Cambridge. C. Sign, Providence. 

Adj' Edwa"rdr } ^^^^''^ of ^e Day to morrow. 

Col. Wyllys & Lt. Col. Smith's Regiments have 
Liberty to discharge their Pieces this morning under 
the Direction of their officers. 

Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, 30 October, 1777. 
Parole, Warrior. C. Sign, Cobb. 

A jt \\ 7 \ Officers of the Day to morrow. 

Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, 31 October, 1777. 
Parole, Clinton. C. Sign, Wind. 

Ad'? EdwTr* } O'^*^^" °f *^ ^^y *° morrow. 

The Commissary is directed to issue one Quart of 
Salt to every 50 lb. of Fresh Beef issued to the 

Commanding officers of Companies of Artillery, 
light Dragoons & of Foot, will immediately prepare 
their several muster Rolls to the first Day of Novem- 
ber agreeable to the usual Form. The several Com- 
panies of Artillery to be mustered to morrow morning 



at II o'clock & Col. Wyllys' Regiment at three 
o'clock in the afternoon. 

A Court of Enquiry is appointed upon complaint of 
Mrs. Catharine Lewson against Capt. Swarthout for 
plundering her provisions & effects on or about the 
17th inst. Lt. Col. Butler, President; three captains 
from Col? Wyllys' Regiment, two Ditto from Col? 
Smith's, to sit to-morrow morning, 9 o'clock, at Mr. 
Cooper's, Tavern keeper. 

Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, i November, 1777. 
Parole, Kingston. C. Sign, Esopus. 

. j., p ■ > Officers of the Day to morrow. 

Head-Quarters, Fish Kill, 2 November, 1777. 
Parole, Warner. C. Sign, Hamilton. 

The Detachment of Col. Lee's Regiment under 
Command of Lt. Col. Smith & the Detachment of 
Col. Jackson's Reg' under the Command of Lt. Col. 
Cobb are for the present annexed to Gen! Parson's 
Brigade, & are to do duty therein until Further Orders. 

After Orders. 2 o'clock. 
In Consequence of Intelligence just received from 
his Excellency Genl Washington, the Detachment 
from Col. Lee's and Jackson's Reg'.^ are ordered to 



cross Hudson's River to Morrow Morning and march 
with all Dispatch to join Gen! Washington in the most 
direct Rout instead of marching down to join Gen! 

Parsons as was ordered.* 


*The next order is dated at White Marsh, 20 November, 1777, 
showing a junction with the " Grand Army " and, of consequence, that 
the orders were those of General Washington. As it is intended to 
print these in regular order, they are not given in this place. The 
regiment remained with the main army until 2 December, after which 
date there are no orders entered until 29 December, 1777, when Lan- 
caster appears as the station. The Regiment was then under the 
orders of LL Col. Wm. S. Smith. 


Lancaster, 29 December, 1777. 

Garrison Orders. 
The Duty of the officer of the Day for the future to 
be confined solely to the Line of Captains. A Subal- 
tern to be immediately sent to take the Command of 
the Guard stationed at Connestoga Creek at Webb's 
Ferry, who is to attend strictly to the apprehending of 
all Deserters and particularly to the Examination of 
all Persons in a Soldier's Dress and others that appear 
to be suspicious Characters. If the Account they give 
of themselves is not satisfactory they are to be detained 
as Prisoners and march'd to my Quarters upon the 
Guard being relieved. This Guard is to be furnished 
from the Continental Soldiers at present here daily, 
and as it is not properly a Commissioned officer's 
Command, it is to be march'd off from the Parade by 
the Serjeant or Corporal to its Station, the Officer 
commanding it repairing to his Post at the Hour for 
the Relief to be made. He must also make a strict 
Examination into all Waggons coming from Camp; 
if containing any Continental Property, it must be re- 
tained and a Report made every Morning of the Quan- 
tity and what kind; if any Woman or other Person 
passing shall have with them Soldiers' Blankets or 
Cloathing that shall appear to belong to the Continent, 
they are to be taken. 

(los) The 


The Officer of the Day with a small guard from the 
Militia to patrole the Streets twice between the Hours 
of eight and twelve at Night, visit the Taverns and Ale 
Houses and take up all Persons indiscriminately, who 
are disturbing the Peace of the Good People of this 
Town, the Soldiers are therefore to be attentive and 
be in their Barracks and Quarters immediately after 
Tattoo beating. A Breach of these orders in the least 
Tittle shall meet with severe Punishment. The Sol- 
diers who are return'd fit for duty must attend Roll 
Call Morning and Evening, the officer of the Day to 
be particular that the Men are punctual in their at- 

No Soldier is to be permitted to pass out of the Bar- 
rack Gate on any Pretence whatever, unless an officer 
going with him to the Guard permits. 

The Officer of the Day to dine at the Commanding 
officer's Quarters at 2 o'Clock. 

The Adjutants to be particular as to the Warning of 
the Officers for Duty the Evening before either ver- 
bally or by leaving a Note at their Quarters. A 
Weekly Return to be made of the State of the Detach- 

There are some persons who seem to pay no at- 
tention to their own or the Character of the Detach- 
ments, the Commanding officer requests them, without 
mentioning Names, to alter their Conduct, or public 
Examples shall be made. 


After Orders. 
The Tatoo to be beaten precisely at 8 o'Clock. 
Upon the Return of the Drums to the Barrack the 
Gates to be immediately locked. 

Lancaster, 30 December, 1777. 
Garrison Orders. 

For the future, no officer shall be absent from his 
Quarters after Tatoo beating, nor go one Mile from 
the Town without leave previously obtained from one 
of the Field officers. 

Lancaster, i January, 1778. 

A Court Martial to sit to morrow morning at eleven 

o'clock at Adjutant Erwine's Room in the Barracks 

for the Tryal of such Prisoners as shall be brought 

before them. 

Capt. DoUiver, Presid' 

Lt. Whitesell 1 ^ ^^ f Lt. Hubley 
Lt. Leverett |™emDers.^ ^^^^ Barber. 

In orders issued the 30''' of Dec^ ^777, it was re- 
quired that no officer should be absent from his Quar- 
ters after Tattoo beating, the Commanding Officer 
finding that the Innocent suffer with the Guilty Indis- 
criminately, thinks proper to disannul the Order, & it 
is accordingly from henceforth repealed. 


Lancaster, 3 January, 1778. 

The Officers commanding particular Companies 
must make Returns of the Number of Musquets that 
want repairing & deliver the Returns to the Adjutant 
to Morrow Morning that they may be put in proper 
Order. The Officer of the Day in going the Rounds 
thro' the Barracks is desired to be particular in the 
Examination of the Arms that they are kept in good 
Order, neat & clean, & placed in such a part of the 
Room that they will be most out of the way of being 
injured. The Soldier that is found negligent in this 
Part of his Duty, the Officer of the Day must not let 
pass unpunished. The officers are also desired to 
make out their Pay Rolls for the Month of November 
without delay and ' deliver them to the Commanding 

A Return to be immediately made of all the Taylors 
& Shoemakers in the Detachments, their Names, Reg- 
iment & Company to be certified & left at the com- 
manding Officer's Quarters. 

Hugh Glinn, a Soldier in the Eighth Pennsylvania 
Regiment, tried at the Court Martial whereof Capt. 
Dolliver was President, for absenting himself from his 
Quarters for three weeks without Leave — the Court 
considering the very bad Consequences that attends 
desertion or Soldiers leaving their Corps without leave, 
& finding him guilty of a Breach of the second Arti- 
cle in the sixth Section of the Rules of the Conti- 
nental Army, do adjudge that the Prisoner Hugh Glinn 



do receive one hundred Stripes on his bare Back & 
return to his Duty. 

The Commanding Officer approves the Sentence & 
orders it to be put in Exection this Evening at Retreat 

Lancaster, s January, 1778. 
General Orders. 

All the Officers & Soldiers in this Town & its vicinity 
are to parade to Morrow Morning at 10 o' Clock at the 
Court House. It is expected that every officer will 
exert himself in finding out & parading the Soldiers 
belonging to the American Army without distinction 
of either State or Regiment. No Excuse can be ad- 
mitted for the non-attendance of the Officers. 

Anthony Wayne, B. G. 

The Men must also attend to, which is never to pass 
an officer with his Hat on (there are but few who are 
guilty of this breach of Politeness) a Circumstance 
which may at first View appear trivial, but upon Con- 
sideration must appear of Importance, for Nothing 
shews a greater Want of good Breeding and Military 
Discipline, than to see a Soldier passing his officer with 
his Hat on, and opens a Door for the spectator to 
make ill natur'd observations upon the Regiment in 
General for this Breach of Politeness in Individuals. 
As an Example in this Matter, the Commanding Offi- 
cer would recommend to the Soldiers to observe the 



Behaviour of their officers, when they will find they 
never accost each other but with the greatest Polite- 

It is with Pleasure the Commanding officer observes 
Drum Maj": Scott so attentive to his Duty in having 
the Drums and Fifes under his Command kept neat and 
clean, and assures him and the soldiers in general that 
these Circumstances and Attention to discipline shall 
meet with the Regard it merits. 

Lancaster, io January, 1778. 
A Court Martial to sit to-Morrow Morning at ten 
o'clock at Adj' Carew's Quarters for the Trial of Lt. 
Hunt charged with disobedience of the orders issued 
on the thirtieth of December, 1777. 
Major Tyler, Presid'. 
Capt. Trescott Capt. Orne 

Brown North 

Jarvis Lieut. Reed 

Lieut' Walker Castang 

Lieut. Leverett Ens? Smith 

Ens? Otis Barber. 

Cap'. Cartwright, J. Adv'* 

Lancaster, ii January, 1778. 
Lieut. Hunt tried at the Court Martial whereof 
Major Tyler was President for disobedience of the 



Orders issued the 30"? December, 1777 — the Court 
having maturely considered the Charge and carefully 
perused the orders for the Government of the Garri- 
son, and conceiving the orders of the ^o'^ Dec^, 1777, 
to have been annuU'd and repealed by Order under the 
i^' Jany Inst., do declare the Charge against Lieut. 
Hunt not Supported and that Lieut. Hunt is honorably 

The Commanding officer disapproves the Sentence 
and dissolves the Court. The Prisoner still to con- 
tinue under his Arrest. 

Lancaster, 12 January, 1778. 

A Corporal and six Men to be draughted to Mor- 
row Morning to relieve the Guard stationed at Canos- 
toga Creek, and to be relieved every Morning from 
the Parade. The Guard for the future to be stationed 
on this side. The officer of the Guard must quarter 
his Men Equally at the Houses near; there being 
three, two must be placed in each till a Guard House 
can be built. They are to permit no spirituous Liquors 
to pass unless they have a permit from Persons author- 
ized to give one. 

A Serjeant, Corporal and twelve Men from the 
Granadiers, to hold themselves in readiness to attend 
Maj^ Gen'. Gates on his arrival in Town. They are to 
be chosen out immediately and inform'd of the occa- 
sion for which they are draughted, that they may have 



time to get their Cloaths and Accoutrements clean. 
The Commanding officer by giving this timely Notice 
expects to see them full dress'd and powder'd with 
their Caps on. On the Arrival of Maj'' Gen'. Gates, 
the Adjutant of the Day to see the Men paraded & 
March'd off to the General's Quarters as expeditiously 
as possible. 

The Room in the rear of the Meeting House to be 
reserv'd for the Soldiers that have the Itch to anoint 
themselves in. 

Lancaster, 13 January, 1778. 
A Court Martial to sit to Morrow Morning at eleven 
o'clock for the Trial of Daniel McBride, confined in 
the Quarter Guard for absenting himself from his 
Quarters without Leave. 

Capt. Browne, Presid'. 
Lt. Jackson 1 ^^ r^ f Lt. Hobby 
Lt. Lamb / ^^^^mbers "^ l^. Selden. 

The Officers to attend Roll call Morning & Evening, 
& be particular as to the Attendance of their Men. 

Lancaster, 15 January, 1778. 
Daniel McBride, a Soldier in Capt. North's Comp^, 
Col. Lee's Reg?, tried at the Court Martial whereof 
Capt. Brown was President for absenting himself from 
his Quarters without Leave. 



The Court after due Consideration are of Opinion 
that the Prisoner is guilty of a Breach of the second 
Article of the sixth Section & do adjudge that he re- 
ceive fifty Lashes well laid on his naked Back & that 
the Prisoner return to his Duty. 
• The Commanding Officer taking into Consideration 
the Behaviour of the Prisoner & that he was guilty of 
the Crime of Desertion whilst the Regiment lay at 
Cambridge & was not punished for it, owing intirely 
to a disposition in his Officers not to punish a Soldier 
unless absolutely necessary, thinks proper to approve 
the Sentence of the Court & orders it to be put in Ex- 
ecution this Evening at Retreat Beating. 

The Court Martial whereof Capt. Brown is President 
is dissolved. 

A Court Martial to sit for the Trial of Ensign Jen- 
kins, arrested by Capt. Trescott for disobedience of 
orders, the Court to sit at the Barracks at twelve 
o'clock this Day. 

Major Tyler, Presd'. 

Capt. Dolliver " 
Capt. Browne 
Lt. Hawkes 
Lt. Lamb 
Lt. Jackson 
Ens? Smith 


Capt. Orne 
Capt. Van Home 
Lt. Reed 
Lt. Hobby 
Lt. Castang 
Ens" Thacher 

Capt. Cartwright, J. Adv'? 
The Place of Parade for the future to be in front of 
the Market. 


Lancaster, i6 January, 1778. 

Ensign Jenkins, tried at the Court Martial whereof 
Major Tyler is President for disobedience of Orders. 

The Court are of Opinion that Ensign Jenkins used 
his utmost Endeavours to execute the orders he re- 
ceived from Capt. Trescott, that he applied for the List 
of Men to Mr. Phelan, his superior officer, & therefore 
declare the charge not supported & the Prisoner hon- 
orably acquitted. 

The Commanding Officer approves the Sentence & 
orders Ensign Jenkins to be released from his Arrest 
& return to his Duty. 

Lancaster, 19 January, 1778. 
The Court Martial whereof Maj^ Tyler is President, 
is dissolved. 

Lancaster, 20 January, 1778. 
A Court Martial to sit this Morning at 12 o'Clock 
for the Tryal of such Prisoners as shall be brought 
before them. 

Capt. Jarvis, Presid'. 

Lt. Phelan 1 ,/r , I Lt. Walker 

T . T, > Members. )- t- • t^ i. 

Lt. iurner J J Ensign Barber 

The Guard that was ordered to attend the Hon'ble 
M. G. Gates are to hold themselves in Readiness, as 
he is expected in Town this Afternoon. The Com- 


manding Officer taking into Consideration the disa- 
greeable Situation of Lt. Hunt, being under an arrest 
for Disobedience of Orders & receiving Assurances 
from that Gentleman that his Behaviour proceeded 
from Misunderstanding of Orders, & that he did not 
mean to fly in the face of Authority, which from his 
former Behaviour as an Officer no Person has a right 
to imagine, the Commanding Officer thinks proper to 
release him from his Arrest & .desires that he will re- 
turn to his Duty. 

Lancaster, 6 March, 1778. 
As the Detachments from Col?^ Lee's, Henley's & 
Jackson's Reg'.' will probably march soon for Camp, 
the Director of the Hospital thinks it necessary that 
those Men who have had the Small Pox in this Place 
should take one dose of Physick to disperse any 
Humour that may remain & prevent Relapses. For 
this purpose he has furnished Adj'. Edwards of Col. 
Lee's Reg' with a dose per Man, which he will deliver 
out this Day. The non-commissioned officers of Col. 
Lee's Reg^ must wait on the Adj'. for the Physick with 
their particular Companies. The Serg'. Major of Col. 
Jackson's Reg', to draw for the Reg^ & deliver it out 
to his Serjeants who are requested to be very particu- 
lar that every Man has his Proportion, & the Com- 
manding Officer requests the Soldiers as they value 
their own Health & Constitution not to waste the 



Medicine, but to use it properly, as a failure in this 
particular may be attended with Consequences that 
may prove fatal to the Delinquents. It must be taken 
in the Morning early & work'd off with Water Gruel. 
To Morrow is the Day appointed for this Purpose, in 
Consequence of which the Regiment will be excused 
from Roll-call. For the future they are to parade with 
their Arms & Accoutrements in good Order. As the 
Time of the Regiment's marching is totally uncertain, 
it is recommended to the officers to put their affairs 
in such a Situation that they may be ready to march 
at the shortest Notice. 

W^ S. Smith, U Col. Comm<i 

Lancaster, 15 March, 1778. 
His Excellency the Commander in Chief having 
been pleased to order Henry Mansin and Wendell 
Mycr to be executed on the Morrow, being Monday 
March the sixteenth, between the Hours of lOo'Clock 
in the Morning and one in the Afternoon in the most 
publick Manner — the Troops therefore will assemble 
at ten o'clock on the Parade, when the disposition of 
the whole will be made agreable to Plan delivered to 
L'. Col. Smith, who is to be Field officer of the Day. 
It is expected that the Gentlemen officers who are in 
Town (not actually on Duty) will be present at the 



Execution. The Procession to begin at half past 1 1 
o'clock from the Goal. 

G. Gibson, Col. Com.* 

* The next entry is at Valley Forge, l April, 1778, showing a union 
with the grand army, and until June the orders are those of the Com 
mander in Chief. A break then occurs to December, 1778, when the 
regiment was under the command of Major General Sullivan in Rhode 



Abstracts, pay, 52. 

Abuse of inhabitants, 60, 63, 64. 

Adams, Sergeant, 44. 

Alarm post, 25. 

Alden, Colonel Ichabod, 2, 21, 24, 25, 27, 42, 43, 56, 67. 

Alden's regiment, 2, 5, 26, 31, 37, 45, 46, 50, 74. 

Allen, Captain Robert, trial of, 5, 40, 45, 46, 49, 50, 63. 

Adjutant, 26. 
Ammunition, 32, 45, 53. 
Anniversary of Independence, 32. 
Arms, condition of, 37. 
Army, northern, deserters from, 39, 40, 42. 

recruits for, 
Ashley, Simeon, 28. 
Austin, , 75, 80. 

Baggage of General Lincoln, 3. 
Bailey, Captain John, trial of, 5. 
Ballard, Captain William H., 22. 
Barber, Ensign, 107, 1 10, 1 14. 
Barnard, Captain, 31. 
Barracks, abuse of, 3, 20, 24, 25, 29. 

inspection of, 9, 20, 29. 

master's provision, 53. 

to be cleansed, 37. 
Barton, William, trial of, 5, 6. 
Basset, Zebulon, trial of, 84, 85. 
Bennington, success at, 63, 64. 
Bigelow, Colonel, 43. 
Billings, William, 28. 



Boston regiment, 19, 23, 54. 
Bradish, Major, 45. 
Brazier, Benjamin, 74, 77. 
Brewer, James, 28. 

Colonel Samuel, 22. 
Brewer's regiment, 22. 
British movement up the Hudson, 97. 
Brookfield, guard, 48. 
Brooks, Lieut. Colonel John, 23. 
Brown, Major Andrew, I, 14, 23, 26, 29. 

Captain Benjamin, Court Martial of, 4. 

Lieutenant John, 48, 57, 68, 82, 84. 
Browne, Captain, 110, 112, 113. 
Bryant, Captain, 18. 
Bumstead, Captain, 19. 
Burk, John, Court Martial of, 5, 6. 
Burnham, Elijah, Court Martial of, 8. 
Burton, Captain, 44, 53, 59, 75. 
Butler, Lieut. Colonel, 99, 100. 
Butterfield, John, 28. 

Cambridge Bridge, 32. 

guards at, 14. 
Campbell, Joseph, trial, 71. 
Carew, Adjutant, 46, 72, 74, 77, 89, 100. 
Carill, John, trial, 73. 
Carr, Captain Samuel, 40, 47, 63. 
Cartridges, 40. 

Cartwright, Captain Thomas, 40, 61, 76, no, 1 13. 
Castang, Lieutenant, no, 113. 
Champney, Robert, 28. 
Chaplains, resolution of Congress, 19. 

Chittenden, , 95. 

Cleanliness, 20. 
Clothing, 15. 

sale of, 51. 


Cobb, Lieut. Colonel, 89, 100. 

Coleman, Lieut. Col., 40. 

Congress, Continental, on chaplains, 19. 

Frye's case, 16 nott. 
Cooper's tavern, 100. 
Court Martial, general, i, 7, 15, 36, 47, 63, 6g, 77, 82. 

regimental, 47, 57, 68, 107, no, H2, 113, 114. 
Crafts, Edward, I, 27. 
Crane, Colonel John, 3. 
Crane's battalion, 9, 22, 30, 73. 
Curtis, Major, 55, 70, 75. 
Cushing, Captain, 1 1. 

Davis, Captain, 54. 

Colonel, 26, 66. 
Deserters from militia, 96. 

northern army, 39, 40, 42, 57. 
imprisonment of, 41. 
Destruction of property, 35. 
Dolliver, Captain Peter, 40, 47, 63, 107, 108, 113. 
Dorchester Heights, 27, 31, 36, 88. 

provision store, 45. 
Douglass, George, 75, 80. 
Drew, Captain Seth, 40, 47, 52, 63. 
Drown, Captain, 58, 69. 
Drumming on the Lord's day, I. 

near Court House, 6, 8. 
Dunckerley, Adjutant Joseph, 63, 66, 75, 87, 89. 
Dunnell, Lieut., 74. 

Eddy, Captain, 40. 

Edwards, Adjutant Thomas, 38, 71, 87, 97, 99, 115. 

Ellis, Captain, 47, 50. 

Enlistment of prisoners of war, 76. 

Erwines, Adjutant, 107. 


Fellows, William, 28. 
Flour, issues of, 60. 
Flygh, John, 31. 
Fort Hill, 54, 84. 

Montgomery, 97. 
Francis, Colonel Ebenezer, 12. 
Frye, Lieutenant, 40. 

Peter Pickman, 16, 23, 27, 36, 45, 54, 64, 71, 78. 
Fuller, Lieut. Colonel, 21, 24. 
Furloughs not to be granted, 30. 

Gaming, order against, 13. 

Gates, Major General, in, 1 14. 

Gibson, G., 117. 

Glinn, Hugh, trial of, 108. 

Gooch, John, 39. 

Greaton, Colonel John, I, 3, 4, 7, 21, 24, 27, 78., 

Greaton's regiment, 3, 5, 25, 37. 

Green, Jedediah, trial of, 73. 

Greenleaf, Henry, 48. 

trial of, 58, 59, 69, 75. 
Grosvenor, Major, 98. 

Guards, 2, 3, 6, 14, 41, 43, 44, 45, 48, 53, 54, 59, 77, 86. 
at Connestoga Creek, 105, in. 
Lancaster, 105. 
Guns, firing of, II. 

Hall, Benjamin, 71. 

Hall's Wharf, 59. 

Hancock, John, return to Boston, 3, 4. 

Harpin, , 95. 

Hart, Adjutant, 95, 98, 99. 

Hastings, Captain, 57, 58, 69, 84, 85. 

Hatch, Colonel, 33. 

Hawkes, Lieutenant, William, 56, 57, 68, 113. 

Heath, Major-General William, vii, 16 note, 27 note. 


Henley, Colonel David, 28, 77. 

Henley's regiment, 29, 66, 71, 82, 83, 85, 89. 

Hill, Ensign Philemon, 48, 68. 

Hobby, Lieutenant, 112, 113. 

Hold en. Captain, 40, 63. 

Holmes, Lieut., 44, 55, 59. 

Hopkins, John, 28, 39. 

Horton, Samuel, trial of, 58. 

Hospital, 3, 25, 27, 33, 43, 50. 

Hubley, Lieutenant, 107. 

Humphrey, , 95. 

Hunt, Captain Abraham, 6. 

Lieutenant, trial, no, 114, 115. 
Hussey, Peter, trial of, 9. 
Hywill, Fife Major, 7. 

Independence, anniversary of, 32. 
Inoculation, 7, 8, 33, 43, 50. 
Invalids, 2, 7 
Itch, treatment of men for, 112. 

Jackson, Col. H., 22, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 36, 38, 40, 43, 45, 46, S4. SS. 
56, 61, 63, 65, 66, 69, 72, 75, 78, 80, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87. 

Colonel Michael, 21, 24, 33, 40, 47, 50, 56, 63, 65, 70, 72, 73. 

Lieutenant, 112, 113. 
Jackson's regiment, 4, 26, 35. 
Jarvis, Captain Nathaniel, 61, no, 1 14. 
Jenkins, Captain Josiah, 22. 

Ensign, trial of, 113. 
Jones, Captain James, 61. 

King, Captain Samuel, 21, 22, 40, 47, 56. 
Knapp, Captain Moses, 17, 65. 

Labaratory guard, 3. 

Lake, Thomas, 70, 82, 87, 88, 89. 


Lamb, Lieutenant, 112, 113. 

Langdon, Captain John, 47, 52. 

Lee, William Raymond, viii, 22, 29, 40, 47, 55, 63. 

regiment of, 22, 28, 30, 38, 53, 66, 68, 71, 72, 74, 75, 76, 78, 82, 
83, 85, 86. 
Leverett, Lieutenant, 107, 1 10. 
Lewson, Mrs. Catharine, 100. 
Lincoln, Major-General Benjamin, 3. 

Lieutenant John, 56. 
Lovell, James, Ensign, 48, 57, 84. 
Ludd, James, trial of, 67. 
Lyman, Captain, 76. 

Magazine guard, complaint of, 6. 

Main guard, 43, 83, 87, 89. 

Mansin, Henry, execution of, 1 1 6. 

Marching of troops, 35, 36. 

Marshall, Colonel Thomas, 8, 12, 21, 30, 34, 42, 44, 63, 70, 73, 78. 

McBride, Daniel, trial of, 112. 

McNeil, Captain, 72. 

Medford, naval store, 71, 74. 

Militia, 19, 95, 96, 97. 

Mitchell, David, trial of, 71. 

Richard, trial of, 22. 
Money for recruiting, 15. 
Morrison, Samuel, 10, 12. 
Muskets, return of, 108. 
Muster of regiments, 28, 52, 68, 99. 
Myer, Wendell, execution of, 1 16. 

Night patrol at Lancaster, 106. 

Nixon, Colonel John, 37, 112. 

North, Captain William, 68, 69, 75, 84, no. 

Ofiicers, absence of at roll call, 62. 

from quarters, 83, 107, 1 10. 


Officers, duty of, 62, 105. 

recruiting, 34. 
Orders for marching, 85, 87. 

on the march, 91. 

taking of, 38, 43. 
Orne, Captain Joshua, 40, 47, 48, 49, 1 10, 1 13. 
Orr, Samuel, trial of, 56. 
Otis, Ensign, no. 

Page, Captain, 12. 

Parade ordered by Wayne, 109. 

Parker, Lieutenant Isaac, 22. 

Jonathan, 28. 
Patients discharged from hospital, 25. 
Patterson's Barracks, 29. 
Pay abstracts, 52. 
Peekskill, 97. 

Perkins, Lieutenant James, 47, 52. 
Phelan, Lieutenant, 114. 
Physics for small pox, 115. 
Pilsbury, Captain Daniel, 47, 64. 
Plunder of private property, 95. 
Plymouth wood cutters, 66, 85. 
Politeness of men to officers, 109. 
Poor, General, 97. 
Powder magazine guard, 11, 17. 

to Springfield, 2. 
Prisoners, British, 13. 

of war, enlistment of, 76. 
Procter's militia, 88, 89. 
Prospect Hill hospital, 8, 25, 27, 33. 
Provisions, report on, 61. 

store at Little Cambridge, 29. 
Putnam, Major General Israel, 95. 
Colonel Rufiis, 26, 37. 

Quartering of Soldiers, 60. 

Randall, Captain, 56, 59. 

Rations, daily, 38. 

Recruiting money, 15. 

Recruits, 8, 23, 57, 65, 70, 76, 86, 90. 

Reed, Lieutenant, no, 1 13. 

Return of Christian and surnames, 87. 

muskets, 108. 

tailors and shoemakers, 108. 

weekly, 29. 
Rice, Thomas, trial of, 30, 34. 
Robins, Moses, 29. 
Roll Call, attendance enjoined, 41. 

Schuyler, Major General Philip, 37 note. 
Scott, Captain, 75. 

Drum Major, commended, I lo. 
Selden, Lieutenant, 112. 
Shepherd, Colonel William, 17, 21, 65, 67. 
Sherburne, Colonel, 15, 78, 83. 

provision magazine at, 67. 
Shoemakers, return of, 108. 
Silliman, General, 98. 
Small pox, 7, 8, 115. 
Smith, Ensign, 68, no, 113. 

Lieutenant Colonel William S., 97, 99, lOI, 105. 

Lieutenant Colonel, 45, 87. 
Springfield, guard, 48. 

powder to, 2. 
Stanford, Moses, trial of, 69. 
Stark, General John, 12. 

success at Bennington, 63, 64. 
Steams, Captain, 89. 
Steward, John, trial of, 56. 
Stores, guard for, 41, 44, 48. 


Stores, transportation of, 34. 

Sturtevant, Lieutenant Isaac, 56, 60. 

Sudbury, provision magazine, 66. 

Sullivan, Major General John, 117. 

Sumner, Captain Job, 5. 

Swasey, Major Joseph, 40, 47, 55, 63, 75, 76. 

Svifarthout, Captain, 100. 

Symmes, Major Andrew, I, 2, 10, 23, 25, 33, 44. 

Tailors, return of, 108. 

Tattoo, 81. 

Taverns, frequenting of, 81. 

Teams for marching troops, II. 

Teigli, Cornelius, trial of, 12, 21, 22. 

Tents, distribution of, 88. 

Thacher, Ensign, 113. 

Ticonderoga, 35 note, 39. 

Transportation weights, 22. 

Trescott, Major Lemuel, 63, 1 10, 113. 

Tuckerman, Isaac, Jr., 30. 

Tudor, Lieut. Colonel, 45, 63. 

Turner, Lieutenant, 114. 

Tyler, Major, 45, no, 113. 

Van Home, Captain, 1 1 3. 

Varnum, Captain John, 64, 70, 75. 

Vary, Benjamin, trial of, 9, 10. 

Vose, Colonel Joseph, 7, 8, 9, 10, 17, 21, 24, 30, 33. 

Vose's regiment, 1 1, 72. 

Wadsworth, Captain Joseph, 47, 50, 63. 
Walker, Lieutenant, 1 10, 1 14. 
Warren, Doctor John, 3, 28. 
Washington, General George, 13, loi. 
Watson, Captain, 25. 
Wayne, General Anthony, 109. 


Webb, Captain George, 21. 

Colonel, 95. 
Well diggers, 39. 
White, Ensign, 63. 
Whitsell, Lieut., 107. 
Wigglesworth, Colonel Edward, 50. 
Williams, Edward, trial of, II, 15. 

Major Edward B., burial of, 4. 

Josiah, trial, 65, 75, 78. 
Wilton, William, 49. 
Winship, Jonathan, 29. 
Wood cutters, 55, 66, 86. 
Woodward, Elijah, trial, 15, 17, 65, 75, 78. 
Woolsey, Lieutenant, 48, 57. 
Wyllys, Colonel, 31, 95, 96, 99, 100.