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ASIA 

HS 

2581 




Cornell University 
Library 



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http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924063152114 



CORNELL UNIVERSITY 
LIBRARY 

HHAGA, K". Y. 14353 




John M. Echols Collection 
on Southeast Asia 
KROCH LIBRARY 



CORNELL UNIVERSITY L BRARY 




3 1924 063 152 11 



A ^ 

1 

Countrp 
Club 



JSaguio 
|3ljiUppine Sglanbs 



arable of Contend 



page. 

A brief history of the Baguio Country Club 7 

A I i St of the officers of the club, by years 15 

A list of the members of the club 16 

The constitution and by-laws of the club 17 

The house rules of the club 25 

Golf rules 27 

Articles of incorporation of the Baguio Country Club Corporation 38 

Bylaws of the Baguio Country Club Corporation 40 

List of shareholders in the Baguio Country Club Corporation 42 

A word about Baguio 43 



ai Pricf l^iitovp of ttje Paguio Country Cluti 




jHE Baguio Country Club was among the earliest proj- 
ects for the development of the town which, it was 
believed, would become the summer capital of the 
Philippine Islands, possibly the permanent capital. 

The early development of Baguio was very tedious 
and slow; there were so many things to be done, so 
many difficulties to be overcome, that it seemed impossible to get 
any kind of start. The plans for the future improvement of 
the town prepared by the great architect, Mr. D. H. Burnham, 
of Chicago, made no provision for a country club, although he con- 
sidei'ed the possibility of it and believed that golf links and proper 
facilities for other forms of outdoor sport were highly desirable 
adjuncts to such a resort. 

In 1905 there came on a visit a Harvard graduate, Mr. D. D. L. 
McGrew, who secured temporary employment in the Bureau of 
Public Works and was assigned later as an assistant to the Con- 
sulting Architect. He was detailed to assist in the plans for 
laying out Baguio. Before he visited that place the possibility 
of a country club was broached to him and he selected a suitable 
ti-act of land, laid out golf links tentatively, chose a site for the club- 
house and one for tennis courts, and busied himself so actively 
in interesting Manila people in the establishment of the proposed 
club that it was promptly organized with nineteen charter members 
and the following officers: President, Governor-General Ide; vice- 
president, Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood. An executive committee was 
chosen, composed of the following members : Gov. Wm. F. Pack, 
of Benguet; Dr. Wm. S. Mallory; Mr. H. P. Whitmarsh; 
Mr. G. L. Guerdrum, and the Hon. W. Cameron Forbes, under 
whose direction the first tentative beginnings of the establishment 
of a country club were made. The task was by no means light, 
and a country club at Baguio at that time was little short of an 
anachronism. 

Such a club is usually the result of a need felt by a number of 
people having houses built and with other vested interests, who 
have a good deal of time to spend in the region where the club is 
to be, and who have sufficient money to make such an organization 
go. None of these essential requirements were fulfilled in this 
instance. There were then practically no private residences in 
Baguio; the people interested in the club had no spare money, and 
very few of them could spend much time in the hills. The result 
was that subscriptions were made at first rather as patriotic efi^orts 
to help out a. good cause than with the expectation that much 
benefit would ensue to those who made them, and the number was 
naturally extremely limited. In the spring of 1906, when the Com- 
mission moved to Baguio, the Country Club was languishing for lack 
of nearly everything which a club requires — money, management, 
members, and opportunities for its use by people wishing to avail 



CORNER OF THE LIVING ROOM 




themselves of club privileges. The slender resources of the treasury 
were employed to the best possible advantage. Two tennis courts 
were completed; croquet grounds were laid out; tennis and croquet 
outfits and a few sets of golf sticks were purchased, and a start 
was made at clearing a course for three holes of the golf links, 
it being hoped that a nine-hole course would come later. Nobody, 
however, completed the nine-hole course, although some Igorots 
were employed and a rude beginning made at constructing the 
greens, the ground between them being burned over, but otherwise 
left in its primitive state. 

A roughly built clubhouse of slabs, costing a few hundred pesos, 
was hastily thrown up. It had neither doors nor windows other 
than s}(ale screens. A Filipino boy was employed to serve refresh- 
ments and to receive chits therefor. A small quantity of drinks, 
mostly temperance, were provided, and the club began its active 
life with a general opening "bee" to which everybody in Baguio 
was invited. Soon after the arrival of the guests the grounds were 
covered with parties playing tennis, golf, and croquet, and presented 
all the appearance of country club grounds. 

As there were no golf experts in Baguio, it was very difficult 
to get a good course laid out, although, as has been said, three 
holes were made available for use the first year. Small as were 
the beginnings, crude as were the facilities, and simple as were 
the details of the organization of the club, it seemed to fill a much- 
needed want, and every afternoon parties of young people could be 
seen arriving, tying their horses to the posts, and picnicking. 



especially on Saturday, which was promptly made Country Club 
Day. During this year thirteen new members were elected. 

Toward the end of the year the sale of town lots in Baguio 
began, and, in order to make permanent its position, the Baguio 
Country Club applied for 100 acres of land. The Government set 
aside, for club purposes, the tract desired, appraising it at a very 
moderate value. It was then offered for sale at public auction, 
in accordance with existing provisions of law relative to the sale 
of public lands. No other bidder appearing, the Baguio Country 
Club was able to purchase this beautiful tract of land for the sum 
of 1*2,400. In orred to raise the money necessary, a corporation 
was formed to purchase and own the land and to lease it to the 
club. The Country Club Corporation was organized on the 20th 
day of February, 1907, with Wm. F. Pack, president; H. P. 
Whitmarsh, secretary-treasurer, and Wra. F. Pack, T. C. Kinney, 
H. L. Higgins, W. E. Parsons, and W. Greene, as directors. The 
corporation had a capital stock of f 10,000. 

The Country Club was soon reorganized to meet the changed 
conditions. Under the new arrangement the honorary president 
of the club was the Hon. James F. Smith, Governor-General; the 
honorary vice-president was Gen. Leonard Wood; the president was 
Gov. Wm. F. Pack, of the Province of Benguet, and the vice- 
president the Hon. Dean C. Worcester. The Hon. W. Cameron 
Forbes, Mr. Warwick Greene, Mr. R. H. Wood, Mr. A. Sidney 
Ashe, Lieut. E. R. Nicholson, of the Philippines Constabulary, 
and Lieut. M. R. Hilgard, U. S. Army, commanding Camp John 




TWO OF THE COTTAGES 



THE SHOOTING TRAP 




Hay, composed the executive committee. Committees on grounds 
and entertainment were also appointed, and a number of new 
features were developed. Saturday became fixed as Country Club 
Day, and as many as a hundred people were sometimes to be seen 
at the club lunching and taking part in the different forms of 
amusement provided. 

In 1907 the Philippine Commission moved to Baguio on the 6th 
day of March. Important measures were taken with a view to 
making the club more permanent and creditable. Maj. Hugh J. 
Gallagher, of the Army, a great golf enthusiast, very kindly 
volunteered his services and spent several days in laying out a new 
arrangement of the links. Later Messrs. Sidebottom, White, and 
Mackay, of the British colony at Manila, came up and made still 
further suggestions, which resulted in the present course. A gang 
of fifty to sixty Igorots was kept continuously busy. In a few 
weeks the sound of blasting began gradually to die away as very 
numerous stumps and rocks were taken out, and little by little the 
grounds were cleared and improved from end to end. Coincident 
with the completion of the work on the grounds was the appearance 
of groups of golf enthusiasts, who began to circle the links in a 
continuous stream. 

The popularity of the club increased very largely dui'ing this 
year, and seventeen new members were elected. The tennis courts 
wore leveled and improved; a steam roller was brought up and 
run over the golf grounds and greens; facilities for trap shooting- 
were provided and that sport established. A number of new golf 

10 



sticks and balls were purchased and made available for members 
of the club. 

In the fall of 1907 it was still believed doubtful whether the 
existing development of Baguio would justify the construction of 
a real clubhouse. In that year the Hon. William H. Taft, then 
Secretary of War, visited Baguio and spent a week at Topside, 
on several days going to visit the Country Club, and several times 
playing a round of golf to his great satisfaction. In December 
a meeting was held in Manila at which a number of new members 
were proposed and a committee volunteered personally to interview 
people likely to wish to join, in order to see how many shares of 
stock could be sold and what chance there was of creating enough 
interest and raising enough money to justify the construction of a 
clubhouse and to assure its permanent and proper maintenance 
when once built. 

Forty-one shares of stock were subscribed for, and forty new 
members were assured, provided sufficient funds were raised for 
the construction of a clubhouse. Later, the Hon. W. Cameron 
Forbes offered to loan the club enough money to construct thi'ee 
cottages costing 1*750 each. Each cottage was to have four rooms, 
but no plumbing or heating facilities, the plan being to enable 
members to bring their families to occupy these club cottages, 
getting their meals at the club. 

Baguio was fortunate in having Mr. W. M. Haube in charge 
of its public improvements. He undertook the construction of the 
clubhouse on plans prepared and donated by Mr. Wm. E. Parsons, 




ABOVE THE SWIMMING POOL 



VIEW FROM THE CLUB TERRACE 




Consulting Architect to the Philippine Government. The erection 
of the clubhouse was authorized in December, 1907, by a vote of 
the executive committee. Construction was begun immediately, and 
the structure was completed and ready for occupancy on the 1st 
of April, 1908. 

The new clubhouse had on the ground floor a spacious assembly 
hall with a large fireplace and cozy chimney-corner seats; an 
office for the club steward; a buffet; a locker and a bathroom for 
men and one for women; a kitchen; a storeroom and a servant's 
room. 

In the second story there were provided seven single sleeping- 
rooms, one large double sleeping room, and a large dormitory 
capable of accommodating twenty persons. 

The second story was so constructed as to overhang the first 
at the east end, making a large open-air dining room with roof 
and ceiling, but without sides. This is a favorite place for 8erving 
luncheons and dinners, as it commands a magnificent view of Gold 
Creek Canyon and the mountains beyond. 

A mess was now started at the club, and the golf course and 
tennis courts were greatly improved, as were the grounds for trap 
shooting, while a magautrap was purchased and duly installed. 

The result exceeded the most sanguine expectations of the well- 
wishers of the club. Some sixty new members were enrolled 
during the year, while the club was used far more than ever before 
and became the true social center of Baguio. An arrangement 
was made by which Army officers temporarily at Baguio could 

12 



avail themselves of its privileges by purchasing- monthly tickets. 
During the rainy season which followed, a terrific typhoon swept 
over the Province of Benguet, doing enormous damage. For- 
tunately the clubhouse was not injured, but numerous large trees 
were blown down on the grounds, the greens on the golf course were 
badly gullied, and in several places great quantities of sand and 
rock were washed down on to the course. 

Prior to the opening of the 1909 season the fallen trees were 
removed, the greens rebuilt, and the course again cleared. 

During this season the popularity of the club had continued 
unabated. Two additional cottages were erected and a new base- 
ball ground was prepared. During the 1910 season a new polo 
field was opened and the club reached its maximum of usefulness. 
Owing to its increased facilities and to the large number of persons 
who visited Baguio, the clubhouse and cottages were full to over- 
flowing, and the need of more cottages was most evident. 

The fame of the golf course is such that players from Manila 
not infrequently come to Baguio at the week's end in order to test 
their skill in avoiding the numerous natural bunkers and hazards 
and to try to lower the record of thirty-three, established for the 
course during the 1908 season. 

An especially interesting event was the coming to Baguio 
of squads representing the two shooting clubs of Manila, known 
as the "Tiro al Blanco" and the "Tiro de Pichon," to compete with 
the Baguio Country Club squad in a trap-shooting match for a cup 
ofl'ered by the Hon. W. Cameron Forbes, then Vice-Governor of the 




BROOK GUARDING THIRD GREEN 




Philippine Islands and Secretary of Commerce and Police, to whom 
the Baguio Country Club really owes its existence. 

Not only did Mr. Forbes originate the idea of establishing such 
a club, but at critical times in the financial history of the organiza- 
tion, when work needed to be done and sufficient funds were not 
available, he has made free use of his private means to insure 
its prompt performance. It is safe to say that neither the golf 
course nor the cottages would exist to-day had it not been for his 
generosity. 

Now, fortunately, the critical stage in the history of the club has 
passed. With the steady growth of Baguio and the constant in- 
crease in membership, the club is, and may be confidently expected 
to continue, self-supporting; to grow steadily and to offer to its 
members constantly increasing facilities for healthful outdoor 
exercise at a place which possesses a climate so delightfully cool 
that all forms of outdoor sports not involving the presence of ice or 
snow may be indulged in with the greatest comfort and profit. 




14 



m^t of ©Uittv^, bp l^cars; 



THE BAGUIO COUNTRY CLUB 
1906 



PRESIDENT 



Hon. Henry C. Ide, Governor-General, Philippine Islands 

VICE-PRESIDENT 

Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood 



1907-1908 

[i!i:oKt;.\Mzi':ii] 

HONORARY PRESIDENT 

Hon. James F. Smith 

HONORARY VICE-PRESIDENT 

Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood 

PRESIDENT 

Hon. Wm. F. Pack, Provincial Governor, Bcnguet 

VICE-PRESIDENT 

Hon. Dean C. Worcester, Secretary of the Interior 

SECRETARY-TREASURER 

Lieut. Edward R. Nicholson 
1909-1910 

PRESIDENT 

Hon. Dean C. Worcester 

VICE-PRESIDENT 

E. A. Eckman, Lieutenant-Governor 

SECRETARY-TREASURER 

Conrad P. Hatheway 

THE BAGUIO COUNTRY CLUB CORPORATION 

1909-1910 

PRESIDENT 

Hon. Newton W. Gilbert 

SECRETARY-TREASURER 

Warwick Greene 

DIRECTORS OF THE CORPORATION 

Newlon W. Gilbert Charles H, Sleeper 

John K. McDill Warwick Greene 

C. Kingcome 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Hon, Dean C. Worcester Capt. M. R. Hilgard 

Mr. Conrad P. Hatheway Dr. John R. McDill 

Mr. William M. Haube Mr. H. C. Page 

Mr. R. H. Wood 



15 



Hisit of IBaguio Country Club jWemftersi 



jBobcmfacr "I. 1910 



Aitken, Thomas D. 
A. F. Allen. 
Allen, Henry T. 
Aliern, Maj. George P. 
Anderson, W. H. 
Araneta, Hon. Gregorio. 
Asay, E. G. 
naldwin, Barry. 
Barrows, Dr. David P. 
Banriholtz. Gen. H. H. 
Barrett, H. H. 
Beardsley. .James W 
Beattie, G. W. 
Belden, H. A. 
Bennett, F. 
Birkett, H. 

Bowditch, jr., Edward. 
Branagan, Hon. Frank A. 
Brent, Rt. Rev. Charles H. 
Brias, Enrique * 
Brown, Levant 
Bruce, E. B. 
Campbell, Rk-hard 
Carpenter, Frank W. 
Carson, Hon. Adam C. 
Case, Major J. F. 
Castelvf, E. de. 
Clark, D. M. 
Clark, R. N. 
Clarke, ^y. H. 
Cohn, Charles C. 
Coltou, Col. George U. 
Copeland, E. B. ^ 
Correa, Federico 
Cootes, Capt. Harry X. 
Cotterman, C, M 
Crone, Frank L. 
De Lis. A. Bertran. 
Donnell, C. J. 
Donovan, William H. 
EHstwick. Maj P. G. 
Earnshaw, Daniel 
Earnshaw, Manuel 
Eckman, Elmer A. 
Elliott, Hon. Charles B. 
Enright, .Tohn E. 
Falconer, Dr. B. L. 
Forbes, Henry S. 
Forbes, Hon. W. Cameron. 
Fox, H. T. 
Freer. I'iiul C. 
Gilbert, Hon. Newton \\' 
Glenn, It. V. 
(Joodalr. Tjooniis l'\ 



Gonzales, Matias. 
Graves, Chus n. 
Greene, Warwick. 
Greenwell, S. A. 
Guerdrum, G. E. 
Hagen, Chris O. 
Harbord, Col. J. G. 
Hartigan, Thomas L. 
Hatheway, Conrad P. 
Haube, William M. 
Haussermann, .Tohn W. 
Heiser, Dr. Victor G. 
Helm, Frank P. 
Higgins. Horace L. 
Hilgard, M R. 
Howland, Harry S. 
Huiskamp, J. E 
Ide, Hon. Henry C. 
.Jenkins, Chas. M. 
Kenny, W. J. 
Kingcome, C. 
Kincaid, W. A. 
Krusi, H. 
Laffin, Richard T. 
Leech, John S. 
Legarda, Hon. Benito. 
Loewenstein. Maurice F. 
Luzuriaga, Hon. .Jose K. 

de 
Mackay, John A. 
ilaclend. AV. S. 
Magee. Charles H. 
Mallory, Dr. William J. 
:\kCoy, Col. H. B. 
McCullough, E. C. 
IMcDill, Dr. John R. 
McDonnell, Percy G. 
:\lcGrew, D. D. L. 
:Melian, .John C. 
-Merciianl. Dr. T. 1'. 
Mitchell, James, 
Mnir, P. M. 
Morgans, H. K. 
^lurray, Sam. 
Musgrave, AV. E. 
Xiihnlson. B. R. 
Xoble, Maj. Robert U. 
Olson, (\ W. 
O'Reilly. G. A. 
Oi't igas, ]''"rancisco. 
Pack, Guv. William F. 
Page, II. C. 
I'alma, Hon. Uafael 
rarsnns, W. 10. 



J'ci-shing, Gen. John .1. 
Poland. W. B. 
Preusser, Chas. I-^. 
Prieto, ^lauro. 
Pritchet, Charles M. 
Putnam, Israel. 
Quezon, Hon. ?*Ianuel L. 
Quinan, W. 
Reis. Julius S. 
Rivers. Col. W. C. 
Rosales, .Jose 
Ross, Harry S. 
Tioxas. Antonio. 
Roxas, Felix M. 
Sackermann, Carlos, 
Shearer. Robert M. 
Shields. E. G. 
Shuster. Hon. W. Morgan. 
Sidebottom. J. X. 
Sleeper, Capt Charles H. 
Smith. Delmar W. 
Smith, Hon. James F. 
Smith, Dr. J. W. 
Stafford, Dr. li. Eugene. 
Stephen, A. G. 
Stevenson. W. G. 
Strong, Richard P. 
Sumulong, Hon. Juan. 
Swift. Charles M. 
Tewksbury, George W. 
Thomas. David M. 
Trent. Hon. Grant. 
Tuason, Demetrio. 
Turnbull. W. 
Inderwood, J. M. 
A'erstockt, Prosper. 
Webb. W. B. 
Weber. G. E. 
Welch. Thomas Cary 
West, R. I-C. 
White, E. E. 
White. Frank R. 
White. Col. John R. 
AVhitmarsh. H. Phelps 
Wightman, M. S. 
Wilson. J. R. 
Wolfe, George X. 
Wolfson, Jos, X. 
Wood, Maj. OiMi. I-,eonard 
Wood, R. H. 

Worcester. Hon. Dean C. 
Wright, Frederick C. 
Yriiirte, M. dc 
Zinn. A O. 



16 



Constitution anb Pp=l.atD£(, Jiaguio Country Club 



Article I. 

NAME AND OBJECT. 

Section 1. The name of this club shall be "The Baguio Country 
Club." 

Sec. 2. The object of this club shall be to promote social inter- 
course among its members and to give opportunity for outdoor 
recreation and sports to residents of Baguio and to persons who 
may visit that place. 

Article II. 

OFFICERS. 

Section 1. The officers of the club shall be an honorary' pres- 
ident, who shall be the Governor-General of the Philippine Is- 
lands; an honorary vice-president, who shall be the commanding 
general of the Philippines Division; a president; a vice-president, 
and a secretary-treasurer, who shall be elected as hereinafter 
provided. 

Sec. 2. The elective officers of the club shall be chosen at the 
annual meeting of the club by a majority of the members present. 
They shall hold office for the term of one year, or until their suc- 
cessors are elected. 




THE FOURTH GREEN 




Sec. :i. In case of the death, resignation, or disability of any 
elective officer, the executive committee shall elect a member to fill 
the vacancy for the unexpired portion of his term of office. 

Article III. 



PRESIDENT. 

Section 1. The president shall preside at all meetings of the 
club and at all meetings of the executive committee; shall see that 
the by-laws of the club and such rules and regulations as may be 
adopted by the executive committee are enforced; shall call meet- 
ings of the club and of the executive committee a.s hereinafter 
provided; and shall exercise general supervision over all the affairs 
of the club. 

Sec. 2. The president shall, together with the secretary-treas- 
urer, sign all contracts duly approved by the executive committee. 

Article IV. 

VICE-PRESIDENT. 

Section 1. In the absence of the president, the vice-president 
shall perform his duties. In the absence of both the president and 
the vice-president, a quorum of the executive committee may elect 
one of its members to act as president during such absence. 

Article V. 

secretary- treasurer. 

Section 1. The secretary-treasurer shall give due notice of all 

18 



meetings of the club and of all meetings of the executive com- 
mittee, as hereinafter provided; shall conduct the correspondence 
of the club; shall keep a record of the proceedings of the club; 
shall keep a record of the proceedings of the executive committee; 
and shall have general charge of the records, books, and accounts 
of the club. 

Sec. 2. The secretary-treasurer shall receive all moneys belong- 
ing to the club; he shall promptly turn over to the secretary-treas- 
urer of the corporation such moneys as may be due and payable to 
.that officer; all other moneys shall be deposited in the name of the 
club with the bank or banks to be designated by the executive 
committee. Unless otherwise instructed by the directors of the 
corporation, he shall pay all bills on certification of their cor- 
rectness by the chairman of the committee under whose authoi'ity 
the expenditure was made. His disbursements shall be made by 
checks or orders signed by him. He shall submit a statement of 
his accounts with proper vouchers at each monthly meeting of the 
executive committee and whenever requested to do so by the 
executive committee. He shall notify all persons elected to mem- 
bership of their election. Together with the president, he shall 
sign all contracts approved by the executive committee. 

Sec. 3. The secretary-treasurer is hereby authorized to incur 
expenses not exceeding the total amount of fifty pesos on behalf of 
the club. Every contract involving the expenditure of more than 
fifty pesos shall be subject to the approval of the executive com- 
mittee. 




THE FIFTH GREEN 



THROUGH THE GREEN, FIFTH HOLE 




Sec. 4. On February first of each year the secretary-treasui-er 
shall render to the members of the club and to the directors of the 
corporation a report upon the financial operations of the club 
during the previous year. 

Sec. 5. The secretary-treasui-er shall send by mail to each 
member of the club a written or printed notice stating the date and 
hour of each regular meeting and of any special meeting, mailing 
such notice a reasonable time before the date of the meeting. He 
shall also post a copy of such notice in the clubhouse. 

Article VI. 

EXECUTIVE committee. 

Section 1. There shall be an executive committee composed of 
seven members, who shall be elected at the annual meeting of the 
club. The president and the secretary-treasurer shall be ex officio 
members of this committee, and one of the remaining members 
shall be an officer of the United States Army stationed at Baguio. 

Sec. 2. The executive committee shall meet on the second Tues- 
day of each month at Baguio during the time the Philippine Com- 
mission is at that place. Special meetings may be called by the 
president and shall be called by him upon the written request of 
any two members of the executive committee. Three members 
.shall constitute a quorum. 

Sec. 3. The executive committee may make such rules and 
regulations, not inconsistent with the constitution and by-laws, as 
it may deem necessary. 

20 



Sec. 4. The executive committee is hereby empowered to appoint 
such committees as it may consider necessary for the proper con- 
duct of the affairs of the club, and to prescribe their duties. 

Sec. 5. The executive committee is hereby empowered to fill, 
for the unexpired portion of the term, any vacancy that may occur 
in that body. 

Sec. 6. The executive committee may elect members, or may 
delegate their power of election to a special committee to be ap- 
pointed by them for that pui-pose. 

Article VII. 

membership. 

Section 1. All men above the age of eighteen years, who are of 
good character, shall be eligible to membership in the club. 

Sec. 2. In any case of election of a member, either by the 
executive committee or by a special committee appointed by them 
for the purpose of conducting elections, two or more black balls 
shall defeat a candidate for election. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be eligible for election to the club unless 
he is nominated and seconded by two members of the club, or 
unless the secretary-treasurer has received at least three letters 
in his favor from members of the club. 

Sec. 4. Ladies and children who are members of the immediate 
families of the members of the club shall be entitled to the priv- 
ileges of the club. 





» CADDY TRAIL 



21 



CROQUET 



^m 




Article VIII. 

GUESTS AND VISITORS. 

Section 1. Any member of the club may invite a person who is 
a resident of Baguio, or who is temporarily present there, to come 
to the club as his guest: Provided, That no resident of Baguio shall 
be invited to the club more than once during any month by any 
one member. 

Sec. 2. Any member desiring to secure the privileges of the club 
for a guest during any season for a period of more than two weeks 
shall propose the name of such pei-son to the secretary-treasurer 
of the club as a visitor and, if approved by the secretary-treasurer, 
such person shall be admitted to the privileges of the club for a 
period of not exceeding three months. Each such visitor shall pay 
monthly in advance a fee of ten pesos for each month or portion 
thereof during which he takes advantage of the privileges of the 
club. 

Article IX. 

DUES AND indebtedness OF MEMBERS. 

Section 1. The entrance fee for members shall be fifty pesos: 
f'rorided, That officers of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps of 
the United States, stationed at or visiting Baguio, shall pay no 
entrance fee. 

Sec. 2. Each member present in the Philippine Islands shall 
pay an annual fee of ten pesos. Each member visiting Baguio 
shall pay <i monthly fee of ten pesos for each month or part of a 

22 



month spent there: Pi'imidcd. That any member who makes two or 
more short visits to Bag'uio may, after paying dues for one month 
or part thereof during' any >ear, on application to the executive 
committee, be relieved from the payment of additional monthly 
dues for short visits the total length of which is less than three 
weeks: And provided further, That the total of annual dues and 
monthly dues of each year for members residing at Baguio shall 
be forty pesos. 

Sec. 3. Entrance fees shall be payable upon receipt by can- 
didates of notices of election. Annual dues for the calendar year 
shall be payable on or before the first day of July. Monthly dues 
shall be payable on arrival at Baguio. In the case of members 
residing at Baguio, annual and monthly dues shall be payable as 
follows: Twenty pesos on July first and twenty pesos on January 
first. 

Sec. 4. If any fees or other indebtedness of any member remain 
unpaid for a period of two weeks after the last day of the month 
in which the same were incurred or became payable, the secretary- 
treasurer shall notify him that unless said fees or indebtedness are 
paid within two weeks thereafter his name will be posted as a 
delinquent. The secretary-treasurer shall promptly report his 
action in each such case to the executive committee, and unless the 
delinquent member shall pay such fee or indebtedness within one 
month after his name is posted the executive committee may, by 
majority vote, deprive him of his membership in the club. No 
member who is one month in arrears for any fee or indebtedness 
shall be entitled to enjoy the privileges of the club. 











a'' 





DOG MARKET, BAGUIO 



23 



Sec. 5. Members introducing guests or visitors shall be respon- 
sible for any indebtedness to the club that they incur, in the event 
of the nonpayment by them. 

Article X. 

RESIGNATIONS. 

Section 1. All resignations must be presented in virriting to the 
secretary-treasurer of the club and may be accepted by a majority 
vote of the executive committee: Provided, That no resignation 
shall be accepted from any member whose club dues are in arrears. 

Article XI. 

SUSPENSION AND EXPULSION. 

Section 1. Any member may be suspended or expelled by a 
three-fourths vote of the executive committee; but any person so 
expelled may appeal to a general meeting of the members of the 
club for reinstatement and may be reinstated by a majority vote of 
the members present at such meeting. 

Article XII. 

meetings and elections. 

Section 1. There shall be an annual meeting of the club, at the 
clubhouse, on the second Saturday of April of each year. 

Sec. 2. The order of business at the annual meeting shall be — 

1. Reading of the minutes of the last annual meeting and of any 
subsequent meetings ; 

2. Reports of officers; 

3. Unfinished business; 

4. New business; 

5. Election of officers; 

6. Adjournment. 

Sec. 3. Upon the request of ten members of the club, or upon 
the request of the executive committee, the president shall call a 
special meeting of the club. 

QUORUM. 

Sec. 4. Ten members of the club in good standing shall con- 
stitute a quorum. 

Article XIII. 

amendments. 

Section 1. Subject to the approval of the directors of the cor- 
poration, this constitution and by-laws may be amended at any 
meeting of the club by a vote of two-thirds of the members present. 
Notice of amendment shall be sent by mail to each member of the 
club by the secretary-treasurer at lea.st ten days before the meeting 
at which it is proposed to consider it. 

Note. — The directors of the corporation reserve the right to 
repeal or amend any or all of the provisions of the constitution and 
by-laws. 

21 



Hougc Eulesf 



1. The clubhouse shall be open, during the Baguio season 
(March, April, and May), from 5 a. m. until midnight only, except 
on special occasions, when the house committee may authorize it 
to be kept open later; and at such other periods, from time to time, 
as may be designated by the house committee. No game shall be 
allowed to commence, nor shall refreshments be served, after mid- 
night, unless authorized by the house committee, as above provided. 

2. No member, visitor, or guest shall give any money or gratuity 
to any servant of the club under any pretext whatever. 

3. No servant of the club shall be reprimanded or in any way 
punished by any member, visitor, or guest. In the event of any 
fault being found with servants, it should be reported to the 
steward or to a member of the house committee. 

4. Any member, visitor, or guest having reason to complain of 
the attendance, or of the quality of the refreshments served, shall 
make his complaint to the house committee. 

5. No wines or liquors shall be brought into the club for con- 
sumption, without permission from a member of the house com- 
mittee. 

6. The price of meals, drinks, etc., and all other similar charges 
shall be regulated from time to time by the house committee, and a 
list of the same shall be posted in the clubhouse. 

7. No dogs shall be allowed to be brought into the clubhouse. 

8. Accounts of members and visitors shall be made up and 
presented at the end of each month and should be paid promptly 
upon receipt of notice to the secretary-treasurer of the club, at 
Baguio. 

9. Members or visitors wishing to give private parties in the 
club must notify the club steward at least one day in advance. 

10. Any member or visitor may invite two guests not belonging 
to the club to dinner or other meals in the public dining room. 
Such guests may have the use of the other public rooms and may 
take part in any game in company with a member of the club. 

11. Members bringing guests or visitors to the club must enter 
their names and addresses in the visitor's book. 

12. No game prohibited by law shall be allowed on the club 
premises. The executive committee are empowered to interfere 
and deal with any case of high play. 

13. Books, magazines, and newspapers shall not be removed from 
the club without permission of the house committee and after a 
receipt for them has been signed in a book which shall be provided 
for the purpose. 

14. Any member, visitor, or guest breaking or damaging any 
property of the club shall pay the value of such article or articles. 
The value of any property broken or damaged shall be fixed by the 
secretary-treasurer. 

15. A suggestion book shall be kept in the clubhouse wherein 
members may enter recommendations for the improvement of the 
service or grounds of the club. 

25 



16. Private lockers for clothing, golf clubs, etc., will be provided 
in the clubhouse at a monthly rental of one peso each. 

17. A complete list of the members of the club, showing the 
dates when elected, shall be displayed in a conspicuous place in the 
clubhouse. 

18. The clubhouse is not a hotel, and the club will not be respon- 
sible for valuables lost or stolen on the premises. 

19. Accommodations, such as lodging, board, transportation, etc., 
shall be furnished in the following order: 

(a) To members of the club who are members of the corporation. 
(6) To members of the club. 

(c) To visitors. 

(d) To guests. 

20. (a) Accommodations may be engaged in advance and re- 
served for the season or a portion of the season. Applications 
therefor should be made to the secretary-treasurer, and reserva- 
tions will be made by him in the order heretofore mentioned and 
according to priority of date of receipt of applications. 

(6) Members will be liable for the full amount of the rental of 
the accommodations they have reserved upon the date such reserva- 
tion begins, unless at least one week's notice of the cancellation of 
the request for such accommodations shall have been given. 

(c) The upstairs rooms and dormitory of the clubhouse are for 
the use of men only, while the cottages are available for persons 
having club privileges, with their families. 

(d) Tables, or places at tables, may be reserved by residents at 
the club, and shall not be occupied by others, except with permis- 
sion of those having such reservations. 




26 



<golf Mule£( 



The rules of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews 
(which follow) shall be the rules of the game of golf in the club, 
supplemented by the following local rules of play, which may be 
modified from time to time by the Grounds Committee: 

LOCAL GOLF RULES 

1. The club steward shall be caddie master, and shall call cad- 
dies (who will be numbered) in numerical order as required by 
members. Members shall in no case select their own caddies, nor 
shall they employ private caddies when club caddies are available. 
Before starting to play, each member shall sign for one or more 
caddie tickets on the special form provided for the purpose and 
shall hand his clubs to the caddie whose number corresponds to 
the number on the caddie ticket. 

2. At the conclusion of play, players may require their caddies 
to clean their clubs. 

3. Players should dismiss their caddies as promptly as possible 
by handing them one caddie ticket for each round or part of round 
played. 

4. Caddies shall be paid by ticket only. Under no ci^'cuinstances 
shall they be paid iit cash. 

5. Caddie tickets shall be redeemed by the club steward, who 
will be supplied with money for the purpose by the secretai'y- 
treasurer. 

6. Members should notify the caddie master of any unsatis- 
factory service on the part of caddies. 

7. The caddie fee shall be ten centavos per round or part of 
round. 

8. A stock of clubs, balls, etc., as complete as practicable, shall 
be kept in the clubhouse, to be disposed of to members by the club 
steward, at prices to be fixed by the Grounds Committee, or rented 
at rates to be fixed by the committee. 

9. Golf balls found on the links by caddies or groundsmen shall 
be given up to the club steward and become the property of the 
club, to be sold to members at a fair valuation, to be determined by 
the Grounds Committee. 

10. Golf balls must not be bought or accepted from caddies: 
Provided, hoivever, That a ball lost by a caddie and afterwards 
found by him may be returned to its owner. 

11. Horses shall not be ridden or driven over any of the putting 
greens, nor "through the green" except on roads or bridle paths 
which can readily be distinguished as such. 

12. Players should walk at a brisk pace between strokes when 
necessary to prevent delay to other players following. 

13. Members wishing to obtain a handicap must return two cards 
showing their gross scores. 

14. A ball lying in the gully between the third tee and third hole 
may be lifted and dropped, not nearer the hole, under penalty of 
one stroke. 

27 



15. A ball lying in an artificial drain may be lifted and dropped, 
not nearer the hole, without penalty. 

16. A ball lying near rocks, tree trunks, or fallen timber may 
be lifted and dropped, not nearer the hole, under penalty of one 
stroke. 

17. A ball lying under a bank on putting green may be placed 
half a club's length from the bank without penalty. 

18. A ball lying on a putting green may be lifted for the pur- 
pose of cleaning it, and replaced without penalty. 

19. Until further notice, the Bogey score for the course will be 
as follows: 

Hole No. 1 3 

Hole No. 2 3 

Hole No. 3 3 

Hole No. 4 -- 4 

Hole No. 5 4 

Hole No. 6 .- 5 

Hole No. 7 3 

Hole No. 8 3 

Hole No. 9 5 

Total 33 

RULES OF GOLF 

(As approved liy tlic Royal and Ancient Golf Chib of St. Andrews, September, 1902, 
araeii'lcd Septeiiitier, 1904.) 

1. Definitions. — (a) The game of golf is played by two sides, 
each playing its own ball. A side consists either of one or of 
two players. If one player play against another, the match 
is called "a single." If two play against two, it is called "a four- 
some." One player may play against two playing one ball between 
them, when the match is called a "threesome." Matches con- 
stituted as above shall have precedence of and be entitled to pass 
any other kind of match. 

(6) The game consists of each side playing a ball from a 
teeing-ground into a hole by successive strokes, and the hole is 
won by the side which holes its ball in fewer strokes than the 
opposite side, except as otherwise provided for in the rules. If 
the sides hole out in the same number of strokes, the hole is 
halved. 

(c) The teeing-ground is the starting point for a hole and 
shall be indicated by two marks placed in a line, as nearly as 
possible at right angles to the course. 

The hole shall be four and one-fourth inches in diameter, and 
at least four inches deep. 

(d) The "putting green" is all ground within twenty yards of 
the hole, except hazards. 

(e) A "hazard" is any bunker, water (except casual water), 
sand, path, road, railway, whin, bush, rushes, rabbit scrape, fence, 
or ditch. Sand blown on to the grass, or sprinkled on the course 
for its preservation, bare patches, sheep tracks, snow, and ice are 

28 



not hazards. Permanent grass within a hazard is not part of the 
hazard. 

(/) "Through the green" is any part of the course except 
"hazards'" and the putting green which is being played to. 

(g) "Out of bounds" is any place outside the defined or rec- 
ognized boundaries of the course. 

(h) "Casual water" is any temporary accumulation of water 
(whether caused by rainfall or otherwise) which is not one of the 
ordinary and recognized hazards of the course. 

(0 A ball is in play as soon as the player has made a stroke at 
the teeing-ground in each hole, and remains in play until holed 
out, except when lifted in accordance with the rules. 

(j) A ball has "moved" only if it leave its original position in 
the least degree, and stop in another; but if it merely oscillate, 
without finally leaving its original position, it has not "moved." 

(/,•) A ball is "lost" if it be not found within five minutes 
after the search for it is begun. 

(/) A "match" consists of one round of the links, unless it be 
otherwise agreed. 

A "match" is won by the side which is leading by a number of 
holes greater than the number of holes remaining to be played. 
If each side win the same number of holes, the match is halved. 

(m) A "stroke" is any movement of the ball caused by the 
player, except as provided for in rule 3, or any downward move- 
ment of the club made with the intention of striking the ball. 

(n) A "penalty stroke" is a stroke added to the score of the 
side under certain rules, and does not affect the rotation of play. 

(o) The "honor" is the privilege of playing first from a teeing- 
ground. 

(p) A player has "addressed the ball" when he has taken up 
his position and grounded his club, or if in a hazard, when he has 
taken up his position preparatory to striking the ball. 

(q) The reckoning of strokes is kept by the terms — "the odd," 
"two more," "three more," etc., and "one off three," "one off two," 
"the like." The reckoning of holes is kept by the terms — so many 
"holes up," or "all even," and so many "to play." 

2. A match begins by each side playing a ball from the first 
teeing-ground. 

The player who shall play first on each side shall be named 
by his own side. 

The option of taking the honor at the first teeing-ground shall 
be decided, if necessary, by lot. 

A ball played from in front of, or outside of, or more than two 
club lengths behind the marks indicating the teeing-ground, or 
played by a player when his opponent should have had the honor, 
may be at once recalled by the opposite side, and may be re-teed 
without penalty. 

The side which wins a hole shall have the honor at the next 
teeing-ground. If a hole has been halved, the side which had 
the honor at the previous teeing-ground shall retain the honor. 

On beginning a new match the winner of the long match in the 

29 



previous round shall have the honor, or if the previous match 
was halved, the side which last won a hole shall have the honor. 

3. If the ball fall or be knocked off the tee in addressing it, no 
penalty shall be incurred, and it may be replaced, and if struck 
when moving no penalty shall be incurred. 

4. In a threesome or foursome the pai-tners shall strike off 
alternately from the teeing-grounds, and shall strike alternately 
during the play of the hole. 

If a player play when his partner should have done so, his 
side shall lose the hole. 

5. When the balls are in play, the ball further from the hole 
which the players are approaching shall be played first, except as 
otherwise provided for in the rules. If a player play when his 
opponent should have done so, the opponent may at once recall the 
stroke. A ball so recalled shall be dropped in the manner pre- 
scribed in rule 15 as near as possible to the place where it lay, 
without penalty. 

6. The ball must be fairly struck at, not pushed, scraped, nor 
spooned, under penalty of the loss of the hole. 

7. A ball must be played wherever it lies or the hole be given 
up, except as otherwise provided for in the rules. 

8. Unless with the opponent's consent, a ball in play shall not 
be moved nor touched before the hole is played out, under penalty 
of one stroke, except as otherwise provided for in the rules. But 
the player may touch his ball with his club in the act of addressing- 
it, provided he does not move it, without penalty. 

If the player's ball move the opponent's ball through the green, 
the opponent, if he choose, may drop a ball (without penalty) as 
near as possible to the place where it lay, but this must be done 
before another stroke is played. 

9. In playing through the green any loose impediment (not being 
in or touching a hazard) which is within a club length of the ball 
may be removed. If the player's ball move after any such loose 
impediment has been touched by the player, his partner, or either 
of their caddies, the penalty shall be one stroke. If any loose im- 
pediment (not being on the putting-green) which is more than a 
club length from the ball be removed, the penalty shall be the loss 
of the hole. 

10. Any vessel, wheelbarrow, tool, roller, grass cutter, box, or 
similar obstruction may be removed. If a ball be moved in so 
doing, it may be replaced without penalty. A ball lying on or 
touching such obstruction, or on clothes, nets, or ground under 
repair or covered up or opened for the purpose of the upkeep of the 
links, may be lifted and dropped without penalty, as near as pos- 
sible to the place where it lay. but not nearer the hole. A ball 
lifted in a hazard, under such circumstances, shall be dropped in 
the hazard. 

A ball lying in a golf hole, or flag hole, or in a hole made by the 
"green" keeper, may be lifted and dropped without penalty as near 
as possible to the pl?ice where it lay, but not nearer the hole. 

11. Before striking at a ball in play, the player shall not move 
bend, nor break anything fixed or growing near the ball, except in 

3( 



the act of placing his feet on the ground for the purpose of ad- 
dressing the ball, in soling his club to address the ball, and in his 
upward or downward swing, under penalty of the loss of the hole, 
except as otherwise provided for in the rules. 

12. When a ball lies in or touches a hazard, nothing shall be 
done to improve its lie; the club shall not touch the ground, nor 
shall anything be touched or moved before the player strikes at the 
ball, subject to the following exceptions: (1) The player may place 
his feet firmly on the ground for the purpose of addressing the 
ball; (2) in addressing the ball, or in the upward or downward 
swing, any grass, bent, whin, or other growing substance, or the 
side of a bunker, wall, paling, or other immovable obstacle may be 
touched; (3) steps or planks placed in a hazard by the Green 
Committee for access to or egress from such hazard may be 
removed, and if a ball be moved in so doing it may be replaced 
without penalty; (4) any loose impediments may be removed from 
the putting-green; (5) the player shall be entitled to find his ball 
as provided for by rule 31. The penalty for a breach of this rule 
shall be the loss of the hole. 

13. A player or caddie shall not press down nor remove any 
irregularities of surface near a ball in play. Dung, worm casts, 
or molehills may be removed (but not pressed down) without 
penalty. The penalty for a breach of this rule shall be the loss of 
the hole. 

14. (a) If a ball lie or be lost in water or in casual water in a 
hazard, a ball may be dropped in or as far behind the hazard as the 
player may please, under penalty of one stroke; but if it be impos- 
sible for want of space in which to play, or from any other cause, 
to drop the ball behind a hazard, the player may drop a ball at the 
side of the hazard as near as possible to where the ball lay, but not 
nearer to the hole, under penalty of one stroke. 

(b) If a ball lie or be lost in casual water through the green or 
if casual water through the green interferes with the player's 
stance, the player may drop a ball, without penalty, within two 
club lengths from the margin directly behind the place where the 
ball lay, or from the margin nearest to the place where the ball lay 
but not nearer to the hole. If the ball when dropped roll into the 
water, or rest so that the water interferes with the player's stance, 
it may be re-dropped, without penalty, as near to the margin as 
the nature of the ground permits, but not nearer to the hole. 

(c) In dropping a ball behind the spot from which the ball was 
lifted, the player shall keep that spot, or in the case of water, the 
spot at which the ball entered, in a line between himself and the 
hole. 

Wherever it is impossible to drop a ball as prescribed in sections 
(a) and (6), it shall be dropped as near as possible to the place 
where it lay, but not nearer to the hole. 

(d) If a ball lie in casual water on a putting-green, a ball may 
be placed by hand behind the water without penalty. 

The penalty for a breach of this rule shall be the loss of the 
hole. 

15. A ball shall be dropped in the following manner: The player 

31 



himself shall drop it. He shall face the hole, stand erect and drop 
the ball behind him from his head. 

If the ball when dropped touch the player he shall incur no 
penalty, and if it roll into a hazard it may be re-dropped without 
penalty. 

The penalty for a breach of this rule shall be the loss of the 
hole. 

16. When the balls He within six inches of each other on a 
putting-green, or within a club-length of each other through the 
green or in a hazard (the distance to be measured from their 
nearest points) , the ball nearer the hole may, at the option of either 
the player or the opponent, be lifted until the other is played, and 
shall then be replaced as near as possible to the place where it lay. 
If the ball further from the hole be moved in so doing, or in measur- 
ing the distance, it shall be replaced without penalty. If the lie 
of the lifted ball be altered by the player in playing, the ball may 
be placed in a lie as nearly as possible similar to that from which 
it was lifted, but not nearer the hole. 

17. Any loose impediments may be removed from the putting- 
green, irrespective of the position of the player's ball. The op- 
ponent's ball may not be moved except as provided for by the im- 
mediately preceding rule. If the player's ball move after any loose 
impediment lying within six inches of it has been touched by the 
player, his partner, or either of their caddies, the penalty shall be 
one stroke. 

18. When the ball is on the putting-green the player or his 
caddie may remove (but not press down) sand, earth, dung, worm- 
casts, molehills, snow, or ice lying around the hole or in the line of 
his putt. This shall be done by brushing lightly with the hand 
only across the putt and not along it. Dung may be removed by a 
club, but the club must not be laid with more than its own weight 
upon the ground. The line of the putt must not be touched, except 
with the club immediately in front of the ball, in the act of ad- 
dressing it, or as above authorized. The penalty for a breach of 
this rule is the loss of the hole. 

19. When the ball is on the putting green, no mark shall be 
placed, nor line drawn as a guide. The line of the putt may be 
pointed out by the player's caddie, his partner, or his partner's 
caddie, but the persons doing so must not touch the ground. 

The player's caddie, his partner, or his partner's caddie, may 
stand at the hole, but no player nor caddie shall endeavor, by 
moving or otherwise, to influence the action of the wind upon the 
ball. 

The penalty for a breach of this rule is the loss of the hole. 

20. When on the putting green, a player shall not play until the 
opponent's ball is at rest, under penalty of one stroke. 

21. Either side is entitled to have the flag-stick removed when 
approaching the hole, but if a player's ball strike the flag-stick 
which has been so removed by himself, or his partner, or either of 
their caddies, his side shall lose the hole. If the ball rest against 
the flag-stick when in the hole, the player shall be entitled to 
remove the stick, and if the ball fall in, it shall be deemed as having 

32 



been holed out at the last stroke. If the player's ball knock in the 
opponent's ball, the latter shall be deemed as having been holed 
out at the last stroke. If the player's ball move the opponent's 
ball, the opponent, if he choose, may replace it, but this must be 
done before another stroke is played. If the player's ball stop on 
the spot formerly occupied by the opponent's bail, and the op- 
ponent declare his intention to replace, the player shall first play 
another stroke, after which the opponent shall replace and play his 
ball. If the opponent's ball lie on the edge of the hole, the player, 
after holing out, may knock it away, claiming the hole if holing at 
the like, and the half if holing at the odd, provided that the player's 
ball does not strike the opponent's ball and set it in motion. If 
after the player's ball is in the hole, the player neglect to knock 
away the opponent's ball, and it fall in also, the opponent shall be 
deemed to have holed out at this last stroke. 

22. If a ball in motio)i be stopped or deflected by any agency 
outside the match, or by the forecaddie, the ball must be played 
from where it lies, and the occurrence submitted to as h "rub of the 
green." If a ball lodge in anything moving, a ball shall be dropped 
as near as possible to the place where the object was when the ball 
lodged in it, without penalty. If a ball at rest be displaced by any 
agency outside the match, excepting wind, the player shall drop 
a ball as near as possible to the place where it lay, without penalty. 
On the putting-green the ball shall be replaced by hand, without 
penalty. 

23. If the player's ball strike, or be moved by an opponent or an 
opponent's caddie or clubs, the opponent shall lose the hole. 

24. When a player has holed out and his opponent has been left 
with a putt for the half, nothing that the player can do shall 
deprive him of the half which he has already gained. 

25. If the player's ball strike, or be stopped by himself or his 
partner, or either of their caddies or clubs, his side shall lose the 
hole. 

26. If the player, when not intending to make a stroke, or his 
partner, or either of their caddies, move his or their ball, or by 
touching anything cause it to move, when it is in play, the penalty 
shall be one stroke. If a ball in play move, after the player has 
grounded his club in the act of addressing it, or, when in a hazard, 
if he has taken up his stand to play it, he shall be deemed to have 
caused it to move, and the movement shall be counted as his 
stroke. 

27. Except from the tee a player shall not play while his ball 
is moving under penalty of the loss of the hole. If the ball only 
begin to move while the player is making his upward or downward 
swing, he shall incur no penalty for playing while it is moving, 
but is not exempted from the penalty stroke which he may have 
incurred under rules 9, 17, or 26, and in a foursome a stroke lost 
under rule 26 shall not, in these circumstances, be counted as the 
stroke of the player so as to render him liable for having played 
when his partner should have done so. 

28. If the player, when making a stroke, strike the ball twice. 



as 



the penalty shall be one stroke, and he shall incur no further 
penalty by reason of his having played while his ball was moving. 

29. If a player play the opponent's ball, his side shall lose the 
hole, unless (1) the opponent then play the player's ball, whereby 
the penalty is canceled, and the hole must be played out with the 
balls thus exchanged; or (2) the mistake occur through wrong 
information given by the opponent or his caddie, in which case 
there shall be no penalty, but the mistake, if discovered before the 
opponent has played, must be rectified by placing a ball as near as 
possible to the place where the opponent's ball lay. 

If a player play a stroke with the ball of a party not engaged in 
the match, and the mistake be discovered and intimated to his 
opponent before his opponent has played his next stroke, there shall 
be no penalty, but if the mistake be not discovered and so intimated 
until after the opponent has played his next stroke, the player's 
side shall lose the hole. 

30. If a ball be lost, except as otherwise provided for in the 
rules, the player's side shall lose the hole; but if both balls be lost, 
the hole shall be considered halved. 

31. If a ball lie in fog, bent, whins, long grass, or the like, only 
so much thereof shall be touched as will enable the player to find 
his ball, but if a ball lie in sand, the sand shall not be touched. 
The penalty for a breach of this rule shall be the loss of the hole. 

32. If a ball be played out of bounds, a ball shall be dropped at 
the spot from which the stroke was played, under penalty of loss of 
the distance. A ball played out of bounds need not be found. 

If it be doubtful whether a ball has been played out of bounds 
another may be dropped and played, but if it be discovered that the 
first ball is not out of bounds, it shall continue in play without 
penalty. 

A player may stand out of bounds to play a ball lying within 
bounds. 

33. A player shall not ask for advice from anyone except his 
own caddie, his partner, or his partner's caddie, nor shall he 
willingly be otherwise advised in any way whatever, under penalty 
of the loss of the hole. 

34. If a ball split ir.to separate pieces, another ball may be put 
down where the largest portion lies, or if two pieces are ap- 
parently of equal size it may be put where either piece lies, at 
the option of the player. If a ball crack or become unfit for play, 
the player may change it, on intimating to his opponent his in- 
tention to do so. Mud adhering to a ball shall not be considered 
as making it unfit for play. 

3.5. Where no penalty for the breach of a rule is stated, the 
penalty shall be the loss of the hole. 

36. If a dispute arise on any point, the players have the right 
of determining the party or parties to whom it shall be referred, 
but should they not agree, either side may refer it to the Rules 
of Golf Committee, whose decision shall be final. If the point 
in dispute be not covered by the Rules of Golf, the arbiters must 
decide it by equity. 

34 



37. An umpire or referee, when appointed, shall take cognizance 
of any breach of rule that he may observe, whether he be appealed 
to on the point or not. 

SPECIAL RULES FOR STROKE COMPETITIONS 

1. In stroke competitions, the competitor who holes the stipulated 
course in fewest strokes shall be the winner. 

2. If the lowest scores be made by two or more competitors 
the tie or ties shall be decided by another round to be played 
on the same day. But if the Green Committee determine that to 
be inexpedient or impossible, they shall then appoint the following 
or some subsequent day whereon the tie or ties shall be decided. 

3. New holes shall be made for stroke competitions, and there- 
after before starting no competitor shall play on any of the 
putting-greens nor shall he intentionally play at any of the holes 
nor on to any of the putting-greens, under penalty of disquali- 
fication. 

4. The scores for each hole shall be kept by a special marker, 
or by the competitors noting each others scores. The scores 
marked ought to be called out after each hole, and on completion 
of the round the cards shall be signed by the marker, under penalty 
of disqualification, and handed in. Competitors must satisfy them- 
selves before the cards are handed in that their scores for each 
hole are correctly marked, as no alteration can be made on any 
card after it has been returned. If it be found that a score 
returned is below that actually played, the competitor shall be 
disqualified. For the addition of the scores marked the secretary 
or his deputy shall be responsible. 

5. If a competitor play from outside the limits of the teeing- 
ground, the penalty shall be disqualification. 

6. If a ball be lost (except as otherwise provided for in the 
Rules of Golf), the competitor shall return as near as possible 
to the spot from which the lost ball was struck, tee a ball, and 
lose a penalty stroke. The lost ball shall continue in play, if it 
be found before the player has struck another ball. The penalty 
for a breach of this rule shall be disqualification. 

7. If a competitor's ball strike himself, his clubs, or caddie, the 
penalty shall be one stroke. 

8. If a competitor's ball strike another competitor, or his clubs 
or caddie, it is a "rub of the green," and the ball shall be played 
from where it lies. If a competitor's ball which is at rest be 
moved by another competitor, or his caddie, or his club, or his 
ball, or by any outside agency excepting wind, it shall be replaced 
as near as possible to the place where it lay, without penalty. 

9. A competitor shall hole out with his own ball at every hole, 
under penalty of disqualification. But if it be discovered before 
he has struck off from the next teeing-ground or, if the mistake 
occur at the last hole, before he has handed in his card, that he 
has not holed out with his own ball, he shall be at liberty to return 
and hole out with his own ball, without penalty. 

10. A ball may be lifted from any place under penalty of two 



strokes. A ball so lifted shall be teed if possible behind the place 
where it lay. If it be impossible to tee the ball behind the place 
where it lay, it shall be teed as near as possible thereto, but not 
nearer the hole. The penalty for a breach of this rule shall be 
disqualification. 

11. All balls shall be holed out under penalty of disqualification. 
When a competitor's ball is within twenty yards of the hole, the 
competitor shall not play until the flag has been removed, under 
penalty of one stroke. When both balls are on the putting-green 
if the player's ball strike the opponent's ball the player shall 
lose a stroke. The ball nearer the hole shall, on the request of 
the player, be either lifted or holed out at the option of the owner 
under penalty* of his disqualification. Through the green a com- 
petitor may have any other competitor's ball lifted, if he find that 
it interferes with his stroke. 

12. A competitor, unless specially authorized by the Green Com- 
mittee, shall not play with a professional, and he may not willingly 
receive advice from any one but his caddie, in any way whatever, 
under penalty of disqualification. 

A forecaddie may be employed. 

13. Competitors shall not discontinue play nor delay to start 
on account of bad weather, nor for any other reason whatever, 
except such as is satisfactory to the committee of the club in 
charge of the competition. The penalty for a breach of this rule 
is disqualification. 

14. Where, in the Rules of Golf, the penalty for the breach 
of any rule is the loss of the hole, in stroke competitions the 
penalty shall be the loss of two strokes, except where otherwise 
provided for in these Special Rules. 

15. Any dispute regarding the play shall be determined by the 
Rules of Golf Committee. 

16. The Rules of Golf, so far as they are not at variance with 
these Special Rules, shall apply to stroke competitions. 

RULES FOR THREE-BALL MATCHES 

In matches in which three players play against each other, each 
playing his own ball (hereinafter referred to as "£> three-ball 
match"), or in which one player plays his own ball against the 
best ball of two players (hereinafter referred to as "a best-ball 
match"), the Rules of Golf shall apply, subject to the following 
modifications : 

1. Where, in a three-ball match, at any teeing-ground, no 
player is entitled to claim the honor from both opponents, the 
same order of striking shall be followed as at the previous teeing- 
ground. 

2. Except as hereinafter provided, the side whose ball is fur- 
thest from the hole shall play first, but a ball lying nearer the 
hole and belonging to one of that side may, at their option, be 
played before the ball lying furthest from the hole. If a player 
play when his opponent should have done so he shall incur no 
penalty. 

3. If a iila>'ei- consider that an opponent's ball on the putting- 

36 



Ki'een mig-ht interfere with his stroke, he may require the opponent 
either to lift or to hole out his ball at the opponent's discretion. 

4. If an opponent consider that the ball of another opponent 
might be of assistance to the player, he may require that it be 
either lifted or holed out at the other opponent's discretion. 

5. If an opponent consider that his own ball might be of assist- 
ance to the player, he is entitled to lift it or hole out at his 
discretion. 

6. If an opponent consider that the player's partner's ball 
might be of assistance to the player, he may require that it be 
either lifted or holed out at the player's partner's discretion. 

7. In a three-ball match, a ball on the putting-green, which 
is moved by another ball, must be replaced as nearly as pos- 
sible where it lay. 

8. In a best-ball match, if a player's ball move his partner's 
ball or an opponent's ball, the opponent shall in either case decide 
whether the moved ball shall be replaced or not. 

9. If in a three-ball match a player's ball strike or be moved 
by an opponent or an opponent's caddie or clubs, that opponent 
shall lose the hole to the player. As regards the other opponent, 
the occurrence is "a rub of the green." 

10. In a best-ball match if a player's ball strike or be moved by 
an opponent or an opponent's caddie or clubs, the opponent's side 
.=hall lose the hole. 

11. In a best-ball match if a player's ball (the player being one of 
a side) strike or be stopped by himself or his partner or either of 
their caddies or clubs, that player only shall be disqualified for 
that hole. 

12. In all other cases where a player would by the Rules of 
Golf incur the loss of the hole he shall be disqualified for that 
hole, but the disqualification shall not apply to his partner. 

ETIQUETTE OF GOLF 

1. No player, caddie, or onlooker should move or talk during 
a stroke. 

2. No player should play from the tee until the party in front 
have played their second strokes, and are out of range, nor play 
up to the putting-green till the party in front have holed out 
and moved away. 

3. Players who have holed out should not try their putts 
over again when other players are following them. 

4. Players looking for a lost ball must allow other matches 
coming up to pass them. 

5. On request being made, a three-ball match must allow a 
single, threesome, or foursome to pass. Any match playing a 
whole round may claim the right to pass a match playing a shorter 
round. 

6. If a match fail to keep its place on the green, and lose in 
distance more than one clear hole on those in front, it may be passed 
on request being made. 

7. Turf cut or displaced by a playei- should be at once replaced. 
<S. A player should carefully fill up all holes made by himself 

in a bunker. y 



articles! of Sncorporation of ti)t paguio Countrj' 
Club Corporation 

Know all men by these presents: 

That we, a majority of whom are residents of the Philippine 
Islands, have this day voluntarily associated ourselves together for 
the purpose of forming a corporation under the laws of the Phil- 
ippine Islands; and we hereby certify: 

First. That the name of said corporation hereafter referred to 
as the corporation shall be the Baguio Country Club Corporation. 

Second. That the purpose for which said corporation is formed 
is to establish and maintain a country club at Baguio for the 
promotion and encouragement of a healthy interest in out-of-door 
activities and sport, and to provide opportunities for the same. 
For the furtherance of such purpose the corporation shall have: 

(a) The powers given by section thirteen of the Corporation 
Act (Act Numbered Fourteen hundred and fifty-nine). 

(b) The right to borrow or secure the payment of money by the 
issue of any mortgages, bonds, or other obligations of the corpora- 
tion. 

(c) The right to make a constitution and by-laws for the 
Country Club, which shall provide for the administration of said 
Country Club, the officers and committees thereof and their duties, 
and the term.s and conditions on which members may be admitted 
and may retain their membership in the said Country Club. The 
corporation shall have the power to delegate to the officers and 
committees of the said Country Club such powers in regard to the 
internal management of the affairs of said Country Club as they 
may see fit, and the officers and members of committees of said 
Country Club shall be the agents of the corporation, having the 
powers and duties which said corporation may give them. 

(d) The title to all the property, both real and personal, in the 
possession or custody of the said Country Club shall remain in the 
corporation, and the rights of the members of said Country Club 
shall be determined only under the constitution and by-laws which 
the corporation may make and establish. 

(e) The right to do all such things as are necessary, incidental, 
or conducive to the attainment of the above objects and purposes. 

The rights and powers of the corporation, above specifically 
enumerated, shall be construed in furtherance and not in limita- 
tion of the rights and powers of the corporation. 

Third. That the principal office of the corporation is to be 
located in Baguio, Benguet Province, Philippine Islands. 

Fourth. That the term for which the corporation is to exist is 
fifty years from and after the date of incorporation. 

Fifth. That the names and residences of the incorporators of 
the said corporation are as follows: 

Williiun F. Paik. wliose residence is at Baguio, Benguet Pi-oviuce, P. I. 
H. Phelps Whitmarsh, wliose residence is at Baguio, Benguet Province. P. I 
George II, Cuerdrunl, whc'^c residence is at Baguio, Benguet Province. P. I. 
Kichard P. Strong, whose residence is at :!»ll San .Marcelino, Paco, Manila. 
WiMwIcli Greene, whose residence is at HVi Calie Real, Malate, Manila, 

38 



Sixth. That the number of directors of said corporation shall be 
nve and that the names and residences of the directors of the 
corporation who are to serve until their successors are elected and 
qualified as provided by the by-laws are as follows, to wit: 

William P. Pack, whose residence is at Baguio, Beiiguet Province. P. I. 
Thomas Colston Kinney, who.se residence i.-^ at 5 Ourtibltate, Malate, IWanila. 
Horace L. Higgins, whose residence is at Caloocan, Rizal Province, P. I. 
W. E. Parsons, whose residence is at 2ti7 Calle Cabildo, Intramuros, Manila. 
Warwick Greene, whose residence is at 463 Calle Real, .Malate, Manila. 

Seventh. That the capital stock of said corporation is ten thou- 
sand pesos (P-IO.OOO), and said capital stock is divided into one hun- 
dred shares of the par value each of one hundred pesos (f*100). 

Said shares of capital stock shall be owned by, and the bene- 
ficial interests thereof shall accrue only to, duly elected and reg- 
ular members of the Baguio Country Club and can be transferred 
only to such members. 

Eighth. That the amount of said capital stock which has been 
actually subscribed is two thousand one hundred pesos (f»=2,100), 
and the following persons have subscribed for the number of 
shares and amount of capital stock set after their respective 
names, having paid for the same in full : 



Horace L. Higgins Caloocan . 

William F. Pack Bagnio _.. 

H. Phelps Whltmarsh Bagnio __. 

George H. Guerdrum Bagnio __. 

Richard P. Strong Manila . 



Warwick Greene- 
Thomas C. Kinney.. 

W. E. Parsons 

Dean C. Worcester.. 
W. ('ameron Forbes. 

C. P. Hatheway 

Henry s. Forbes 



Manila . 
Manila . 
Manila . 
Manila . 
Manila . 
Manila . 
Boston, , 





Amimiit of 


Xi>. of 


capital 


sliares. 


stock sub- 




scribe! 1. 


1 


1»100. 00 


1 


100. 00 


1 


100. 00 


■2 


200. 00 


1 


100 00 


■2 


■200. 00 


■2 


■200. 00 


•J 


■200. 00 


1 


100. 00 


,', 


.'lOO. 00 


•' 


200. 00 


1 


100. 00 



Total I 21 2,100.00 



Ninth. That H. Phelps Whitmarsh has been elected by the 
subscribers as treasurer of the corporation, to act as such until 
his successor is duly elected and qualified in accordance with the 
by-laws, and that as such treasurer he has been authorized to re- 
ceive for the corporation and to receipt in its name for all 
subscriptions paid in by said subscribers. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals 
this 19th day of February, A. D. 1907. 

\\'.\i;wu-iv Greene, 
WILLIAM F. Pack, 
By \\'-\n\yu-K Grijiene, Alhtnirti in /rrr /. 

Thomas Coi,.sTfi.Y Ki,\'\i'n-. 
By W'AiiWU'K Greene, Alimjirij in fuct. 

HoiiACE L. l-lKaii.vs. 
By AA'AiaviCK Greenm, AUni-uft/ in fat I. 

W B. Par.so.n'S. 
l:y Warwick Grre.mi'-,, Atlnnirif ui ^nrf. 

39 



Jij»=1LatDS( of ttje Paguio Countrp Cluti Corporation 



The following by-laws of the Baguio Country Club Corporation 
were adopted pursuant to law, at a meeting held at Manila, on 
the 12th day of January, 1909, by the stockholders of the corpora- 
tion : 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

Section 1. The term of office of the directors of the corpora- 
tion shall be two years. They shall be elected at the annual 
meeting of the stockholders, held as hereafter prescribed in sec- 
tion 3 of these by-laws. At least two weeks previous to the holding 
of such election, written notice shall be sent by the secretary- 
treasurer to each stockholder at his last known place of residence 
in the Philippine Islands, and a copy of such notice shall be 
posted in the clubhouse of the Baguio Country Club. 

The board of directors shall hold meetings whenever the pres- 
ident shall deem it necessary, and a majority of the board of 
directors shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all 
business. 

VACANCIES. 

Sec. 2. To fill any vacancy among the directors that may occur 
during their term of office, the president shall call a special meet- 
ing of the stockholders to elect a successor for the remainder of 
the unexpired term. 

ANNUAL MEETING. 

Sec. 3. The annual meeting of the stockholders of the cor- 
poration for the election of directors, or for any other business, 
shall be held in the city of Manila, Philippine Islands, on the 
twentieth day of February of each year. 

The order of business at the annual meeting of the stockholders 
.shall be as follows: 

1. Reading of the minutes of the last meeting. 

2. Reports of officers of the corporation. 

3. Election of directors. 

4. Any other business. 

SPECIAL meetings. 

Sec. 4. The president of the board of directors may call special 
meetings of the stockholders of the corporation, which shall be 
held at such place and at such time as shall be designated in 
the call. In such case it shall be the duty of the secretary-treasurer 
of the corporation, at least ten days before the time fixed for 
the holding of said meeting, to mail to each stockholder then 
residing in the Philippine Islands entitled to vote, and whose ad- 
dress he knows, a notice specifying the time and place of holding 
said meeting and briefly stating the subjects which will come 
liefdio the meeting, if the same have been mentioned in the call. 



QUORUM, 

Sec. 5. The attendance of at least one-third of the stockholders 
shall be necessary to make a quorum for the purpose of trans- 
acting business at all times, except at those meetings called for 
the purpose of electing directors, when the quorum shall be as 
provided by law. 

OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION. 

Sec. 6. The officers of the corporation shall be a president, 
vice-president, and secretary-treasurer, who shall be appointed 
by and from the number of directors. 

POWERS AND DUTIES. 

Sec. 7 ((() The president of the corporation shall have the 
power to call special meetings of the stockholders or board when- 
ever he deems it expedient so to do, and it shall be his duty 
to call special meetings of the stockholders whenever three direct- 
ors or a majority of the stockholders shall request him so to do, 
and shall state the object of such meeting. He shall preside 
over all meetings of the board or of the stockholders. He shall 
exercise general supervision over the affairs and management of 
the corporation, and all the property of the corporation shall 
be under his control. 

(b) The vice-president of the corporation shall have the powers 
and perform the duties of the president in his absence. 

(c) The secretary-treasurer of the corporation shall attend 
all meeting's of the stockholders and board of directors, keep a 
book, prepared for the purpose, of the true and fair record of 
the proceedings of such meetings, and shall have charge of all 
books, documents, and papers which properly belong to his office. 
He shall have custody of the corporate seal and shall attach the 
same to all documents which require sealing and which have 
been executed by the president. He shall send out the notices 
of all meetings as hereinbefore provided. He shall keep the 
money of the corporation in such bank as may be prescribed by 
the board of directors, shall be required to countersign all stock 
certificates, and shall attend to the money matters of the cor- 
poration. 

ANNUAL REPORTS. 

Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the president and secretary-treas- 
urer to make to the board of directors, at the annual meeting of 
the stockholders, full reports of all matters pertaining to their 
respective offices. 

certificates of STOCK. 

Sec. 9. Bound books of certificates of stock, in the form and 
tenor determined by the directors, shall be placed in the custody 
of the secretary, and all certificates of stock shall be signed by 
the president and seci-etary-treasurer. 

Sec. 10. These by-laws, or any of them, may be altered, amended, 

41 



ur repealed at any regular meeting of the board of directors by 
a majority of the board. 

Edward Bowditch, Jr. 

Warwick Greene. 

John R. McDill. 

Jos. N. WOLFSON. 

Chas. H. Sleeper. 

' C. B. Graves. 

C. KiNGCOME. 

W. E. Parsons. 

E. C. MCCULLOUGH. 

I J. Mitchell. 
R. P. Strong. 
I M. F. Lobwenstein. 

G. R. COLTON. 

W. H. Anderson. 

W. E. MUSGRAVE. 

W. Cameron Forbes. 
A true copy : 

Conrad P. Hatheway, Secretary-Treasurer. 

TList of ^ijarct)oHjer£i, Paguio Country Club Corporation 

gjeptemter 16, 1910 



Warwick Greene 
as proxy for 



Number 
of shares.! 



Horace L. Hi^'fi-in: 
William F. Pack. 
Wjirwick Greene^ 
Thomas C. Kinno; 

\V. E. Parhons 

Dean C. Worcester 

\V. Cameron Forbes 

Conrad P. Hatheway 

Henry .S. Forltcs 

Thomas L. Hartigan 

Charles M. Jenkins 

JohnK. McDill 

Edward Bowditch, jr 

John 8. Leech 

K. C. McCnllongh __. 

Jos. N. Wollson 

Maurice F. Loewenstcin 

Charles B. Graves 

'Jeoryc U. Colton 

Leonard Lehlbach 

E. E. Wliite 

C. Kili^coUK- 

.lauics Mitchell 

\V. JI. Donovan 

W. II. Anderson 

CN 11 Slcc|icr 



Estate of _ 



1 
10 
1 
1 
1 
I 
3 





! ivtcn' M. Moir - - 


2 








42 






1 Idliii \\' Maiissciiiniini _ 


:::"" """ I 


TuImL. - 




Ill) 

1 





a OTiorb about paguio 



And now a word about Bag-uio itself. It is situated in the 
pine-clad highlands of Benguet. The town site of 20.9 square miles 
in extent includes a series of gently rolling hills inclosing valleys 
whose sides are sometimes steep and well-nigh precipitous and 
sometimes gently sloping. These valleys are watered by numerous 
springs and streams, bordered by magnificent tree ferns and by 
trees, shrubs, and plants requiring a large amount of water, while 
the dry hillsides bear noble pine trees standing at considerable 
distances from each other and often arranged as if grouped by 
a skillful landscape artist. During the rainy season many of 
them are covered with beautiful ferns and orchids. 

The dense cogon grass of the Philippine lowlands is absent. 
Bamboo grass or riino occurs sparingly in the immediate vicinity 
of streams and springs, but the hills are covered with a short 
grass rarely more than knee high, so that one may ride or walk 
over them in any direction with entire comfort. Within the town 
site there are 21 miles of excellent automobile roads, many of 
which command most magnificent views of the surrounding country. 
A number of excellent horse trails extend to Igorot settlements, 
while others afford communication with neighboring provinces. 

Of the latter, the most noteworthy is the so-called "hill trail" 
between Baguio and Suyok in the subprovince of Lepanto. This 
trail attains an altitude of 7,200 feet above sea level and reaches 
the oak forests which are found above the pines. Persons desiring 
to take one of the most wonderful horseback rides in the world 
may go to Suyok and Cervantes by the hill trail, thence by way 
of Cayan, Bagnin, and Segada to Bontoc, the capital of the Moun- 
tain Province, continuing the journey over the Mount Polls range 
to Banaue and Quiangan in the country of the Ifugaos and re- 
turning to Baguio by way of Bayombong and Tayug. 

On this trip one sees wonderful tropical vegetation, magnificent 
mountain scenery, strange wild peoples, and the most remarkable 
terraced mountain sides in the world. It may be made in per- 
fect safety and with entire comfort, as rest houses have been 
provided at reasonable intervals on all important main trails. 

If one desires to take a shorter trip, one may go to Cervantes 
over the hill trail, thence to the coast over the famous Tagudin 
trail, returning to Baguio by way of San Fernando, Union, and 
the Naguilian trail. On this latter journey one will see no wild 
people except the Benguet and Lepanto Igorots, but the mountain 
scenery on the Tagudin and Naguilian trails is particularly fine 
and the tropical vegetation is unsurpassed in luxuriance and 
beauty. 

While the Igorots of Bontoc have until quite recently been ac- 
tively engaged in head-hunting, and while head-hunting still prevails 
to some extent among the Ilongots and Ifugaos of Nvieva Vizcaya, 
the Igorots of Benguet are gentle, peaceful, honest, and industrious 
agriculturists, who have not been injured by their contact with 
civilization, but on the contrary have profited by it. 

43 



Most of the work on the Country Club grounds has been per- 
formed by Benguet Igorots, and the club caddies without exception 
belong to this tribe. 

The delightfully cool climate of Baguio makes active outdoor 
exercise comfortable and insures the speedy restoration to health 
and vigor of persons suffering ill effects from tropical heat. 

The following table shows average maximum, minimum, and 
mean temperatures for each month of the period from January, 
1902, to January, 1908. 

Extreme and mean monthly temperatnres at Baguio. 



Jainiflry ___ 
February __ 

March 

April 

May 

June 

.Inly 

Augn.st 

September. 
Oeloher ._. 
Xo\einIier _ 
Deeemlier _ 





1901^-191 l.s 














Averngo 


)ui-\i- 


,\ver!iKc 


niini- 


Average 




muu 


. 


inniii. 


miM 


Ihly. 




°F. 


°v 


°F. 


°C. 


°r. 


"C. 




17,. \ 


•2:i.'.i 


.'ill. 2 


10.1 


B3. 3 


17.4 




7.'i, 4 
77. n 

77. 7 


■-'4.1 

2.->.7 

■2\ 4 


4.-..S 

49.4 
.■bl.'.l 
ri4 


7.-'i 

9.7 
11 
12. 2 


(i 1 . li 

114.1 
6.5.7 

(iii.i 


Hi. 4 




17. ^ 




IH 7 




1!( 




7.1.9 


24.4 


.)(i.N 

.V,.9 1 


I:!.s 
13.2 


1*.. 4 


1!) 




IS. .T 




7i; 

7(1. 4 
7(;. 4 
711.1 

1 


24. r> 
24 

21.7 
21.7 
24. .. 


.-,4.9 I 
;-)ll 1 

49. ,S 

f>tl. 3 


12.7 
13.3 
12. 1 
9. 9 
10. 2 


6.i.l 
tl.i. 2 
6-,.l 
til.l 

114.1 


l.s. 4 




IS .'i 




IS. 4 




17..S 
17. K 





NOTJ;;. — Tbe extreme values are printed in boldface type. 

The highest temperature ever recorded was 84.7° F. (29.3° C.) 
on April 25, 1902. 

The lowest temperature ever recorded was 37.4' F. (3.0° C.) 
on January 8, 1907. 

During the year 1908, the highest temperature was 78.3° F. 
(25.7° C.) on January 13, and the lowest temperature 48.6° F. 
(9.2° C.) on March 19. 

All of the above figures are for temperatures at an average 
height of 6 feet above the ground. Temperatures nearer the 
ground are decidedly lower. It has been found that in the Baguio 
plateau the lowest temperatures correspond to the deepest valleys 
or depressions of ground. In such places white frost is not rare 
during the months of January, February, and March, while on 
the tops of hills the temperature is milder, frost being almost 
unknown. One example will illustrate this statement: 

On March 19, 1908, the minimum temperatures registered were: 
On top of Mirador (4,969.9 feet), 11.0° C. (51.80° F.) ; cottage, 
foot of Mirador (4,782 feet), 9.2" C. (48.56° F.) ; 6 inches above 
the ground (4,775 feet), 5.6° C. (42.08° F.) ; depression north 
of Mirador (4,697 feet), -3.9" C. (24.98° F.). 

The daily variation in temperature is remarkably small and 
is Car less than thiit in the Philippine lowlands. 



44 



Not only is the mountain air rich in ozone, but it has been 
demonstrated to be extraordinarily free from germs of all kinds; 
and tuberculosis, so prevalent in the lowlands of the Philippines, 
is conspicuous by its entire absence. 

Hotel accommodations were for a long time both unsatisfactory 
and inadequate, but it may safely be said that the Hotel Pines 
now provides the best accommodations to be found anywhere in 
the Philippine Islands. All of the vegetables and some of the 
small fruits of the temperate zone are produced at the Government 
Agricultural Experiment Station in the neighboring Trinidad Valley 
and are highly appreciated by visitors long accustomed to go 
without such luxuries. 

Communication with Manila is maintained by an automobile 
and train service. One may leave Manila any day at 6.25 in the 
morning and arrive at Camp One, the railway terminal, at 3 in 
the afternoon. From this point the journey is completed in power- 
ful steam automobiles, each of which affords comfortable accom- 
modation for eight passengers and their hand luggage. The auto- 
mobile trip, which occupies two hours or less, takes one over 23 miles 
of wonderful road, commanding views which the traveler will 
never forget. 

During the Baguio season night trains, leaving at regular 
intervals, reach Camp One soon after sunrise the following morn- 
ing. Passengers on these trains arrive at Baguio about 9 o'clock. 
Persons in ill health can secure the services of a skillful physician 
and surgeon and of trained nurses at the Government hospital, 
which is perched on a high ridge where it commands a truly mag- 
nificent view and receives a maximum of sunlight and of fresh air. 

There is a popular superstition to the effect that the rainy 
season at Baguio is exceptionally unpleasant, and hei'etofore the 
first heavy rains have produced a hasty exodus of temporary 
residents. In point of fact, the weather during much of the rainy 
season is delightful. The vegetation is then at its best and the 
rains for the most part come in the afternoon and early evening, 
so that one has the mornings for outdoor exercise and recreation, 
and the remainder of the day for work and rest. When typhoons 
occur there are sometimes long periods of continuous and very 
heavy rainfall, but a comprehensive series of observations has 
demonstrated the fact that there are more hours of sunshine during 
the year at Baguio than at Manila. 

It is not hoped that this brief description of the region in which 
the Baguio Country Club is situated will convey any adequate 
idea of the facts. Indeed experience has long since demonstrated 
the impossibility of conveying such an idea by written descrip- 
tion or by word of mouth. Even those visitors who have been 
most fully informed in advance invariably express their surprise 
at what they find on arrival, insist that they had "no idea" of 
what awaited them, and ask ivhy they were not told! 

One who would learn what Baguio is like must see it for him- 
self, and, if he cares for outdoor sports, it is safe to say that his 
most pleasant memories will be those of the days spent at the 
Country Club. 



^rogpettug of tf)e Paguio Countrp Clutj' 



You are invited to join the Baguio Country Club. 
The Baguio Country Club has secured a tract of land of 72 
acres, situated in what will shortly be known as the Pearl of the 
Orient, the beautiful new summer city of Baguio. The clubhouse 
site is on a beautiful knoll covered by pines and commanding a 
wonderful mountain view. On the right, and adjoining it by easy 
approach, is the military reservation, the house built for the Com- 
manding General being right at hand. On the left, not farther 
off, although approachable by rather more severe grades or a 
detour, is the site laid aside for the new house of the Governor- 
General, surrounding which is the best residence section of the 
new city and upon which will be built the more beautiful and 
imposing estates. 

It is proposed to erect a clubhouse at an expense of 1*20,000, 
and six cottages, for the use of members, to cost not less than 
P2,500 each. The clubhouse will have fine dining facilities, a 
bar, locker rooms, shower, reading room, great open fireplaces in 
which pine logs will crackle merrily night and day, a few bedrooms, 
and a billiard room. Cottages will be provided with a parlor 
with a great open fireplace, and a few bedrooms each. A stable 
capable of accommodating twenty horses will be built, conveniently 
situated. 

There will be four tennis courts shaded by wonderful pine trees 
and surrounded by pine-clad hills, oriented so as to be most 
advantageously arranged for sun and wind — so that the wind will 
always be blowing directly across and the sun also so shining. 
The courts will be kept up to a pitch of excellence seldom equaled 
and never excelled by the more famous ones in England and 
America. 

An eighteen-hole golf course will be constructed, equal to the 
finest known in Scotland, where, owing to the clear briskness of 
the air, no drives will be foozled or balls get dormy. Everybody 
will beat the best previous score each day. The lay of the country 
is ideal for golf, there being hills, valleys with gentle slopes, 
and pleasing vistas, so that players have an opportunity to walk 
in pursuit of each ball that they may have hit. A special place 
will be provided for those who wish to vent their feelings after 
a bad shot, where there are no echoes. 

On the other side of the pine-clad knoll, where nestle the build- 
ings, there is a winding valley which will soon be converted into 
a polo field, and which can be made full-sized at some expense. 
This will give ample room for games of baseball and cricket, 
besides presenting one of the most delightful scenes dear to the 
heart of man — a great level greensward surrounded by pine-clad 
hills and looking off, at the southern and eastern extremities, to 
a mountain view unsurpassed in the annals of sport. 

A beautiful, purling stream flowing down one of these valleys 

' Tliis pi'OKpectus wa.s written in 1906 before anything li.irt been done on tlie 
iluli grounds :iiitl llie membership numbered about twenty. 
46 



can be so arranged, by pumping- or otherwise, as to form a 
lovely cascade which will fall into the swimming- tank, so situated 
as to refresh those who have heated their bodies in the many 
dehg-htful opportunities for physical exercise provided or to be 
provided by the club. 

Not the least among- the attractions is the croquet ground, and 
those addicted to this exciting and salubrious sport will be able 
here to satiate their otherwise unsatisfied yearnings. 

The delights of Baguio are too well known to need comment. 
The wonderful and highly praised road, a marvel of engineering 
audacity and accomplishment, passes, in the short space of 25 
miles, from the exuberant Tropics, hot, sizzling, fertile, productive, 
rich with tropical splendor, through a canyon with scenic effects 
nowhere excelled in the world, up to a plateau situated in the 
temperate zone, where fruits, flowers, and trees known to the 
temperate regions grow in marvelous abundance. Here the air is 
fresh, and cool breezes remind one of autumn in the United States. 
The fierce sun is often overcast with clouds; rain falls only to 
refresh; and the sun, when it comes out, is welcomed to bring 
warmth to the body. Great open fires blaze merrily both day and 
night, and all the advantages of a trip to the United States, Japan, 
or Australia can be realized in the short period of twenty-four 
hours from Manila. 

Aside from the excellent rides, drives, and other amusements, 
it has seemed advisable to place within reach of the members of 
some of the clubs in Manila the opportunity afforded by the Country 
Club to avail themselves of this wonderful place. Over the new 
clubhouse the pines will interlace their boughs and sing the songs of 
Norway, Scotland, Canada, and the mountainous parts of the States. 
Birds of unknown varieties delight the ear and ravish the senses. 
One kind in particular has been found whose song will lull those 
to sleep who are desirous of sleeping, or awaken those who are 
anxious to push away the soft hand of slumber. These birds, which 
are known as the "murphy" birds, can be so trained that when 
caught and caged they will either put you to sleep or wake you up, 
according to your will, and it is said that when skillfully trained 
they serve as an alarm clock, waking the owner at any designated 
hour. Salt will be provided free at the clubhouse to be used in 
catching these birds. 

It is possible that in the future a race track will be constructed 
where the owners of horses can delight themselves by testing the 
speed of their ponies. The Government is maintaining a stock 
farm within a few miles where fine stallions are placed, which it 
is hoped will breed horses and improve the quality throughout the 
Archipelago. This should make Baguio the center for good horses 
and prove an added attraction to visitors. 

For the stingy and parsimonious the dues are f^SO for initiation 
fee and 1*20 annual charge. Those who come for only a month 
may get temporary membership by paying the paltry sum of P=5 
for the privilege of using the club for a month or any part thereof. 
There is also an annual membership without voting privilege for 
which the charge is 1*20. 



It is not to be expected that something will be exchanged for 
nothing, that all the delights portrayed in the above lines can be 
obtained through whistling or the exercise of warm air. It takes 
money. Up to date the treasurer of the club has only received 
1*400, and that proportion of the total benefits of the club have 
been thus far secured which 1*400 bears to the ultimate cost of 
development. It is therefore expected that proposed members will 
subscribe liberally in addition to the stated fees for the benefits 
received or to be received. We should be pleased to receive your ap- 
plication for membership, and when favorably considered to receive 
your minimum check for i*50 and as much more as you happen 
to have in the. bank or can borrow, in order to get the club im- 
mediately started on the lines suggested. 



48