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Full text of "Historical and statistical abstract of the colony of Hongkong"

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CORNELL 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 




THE 

CHARLES WILLIAM WASON 

COLLECTION ON CHINA 

AND THE CHINESE 



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CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 




3 1924 071 143 832 




Cornell University 
Library 



The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924071143832 



HISTORICAL 



AND 



STATISTICAL ABSTRACT 



OF TIIF, 



COLONY 



OF 



HONCKOIS^a 



\ H O I« G IC O KS « ! 

PlilNTED BY NORONHA & Oo. 
* Government Printers 

1911. 

(- OUNt, LL 

"' I'tV 



PS 7=1^ 
HllAS: 



— 3 — 
First Preface. 



The Principal Events and notes on Trade und Industry for the 
period prior to the close of Sir John Pope Hennessy's administration 
in March, 1882, have been taken largely from Dr. E. J. Eitel's History 
of Hongkong. The information under these headings subsequent to 
that date has been mainly extracted from official publications. The 
notes on Puhlia Works have been furnished by the Director of that 
department. In the brief summary of Legislation the Ordinances in 
force at the end of 1901 have been given the numbers they bear in Sir 
John Carrington's edition. 

Under the heading Trade the figures dealing with ships cleared and 
entered exclude steam-launches and junks whether engaged in foreign 
or local trade. The excess in numbers of emigrants returned over 
emigrants left is accounted for by many that leave from various Treat}' 
Ports of China- returning via Hongkong. 

Under Finance the percentage of expenditure devoted to IS! on- 
effective Charges is based on the inclusion under that head of Pensions 
and Interest. General Administration covers the Governor's Office, the 
Colonial Secretary's, Registrar General's and Audit Departments, the 
Treasury, the Post Office, the Harbour Department, the Observatory 
Charitable Allowances, Transport and Miscellaneous Services. Law and 
Order include the Supreme Court, Magistracy, Law Officers, Land 
Registry, Police, Fire Brigade and Gaol. The Botanical and Afforesta- 
tion as well as the Medical and Sanitary Departments are included 
under Public Health. Piiblia Instruction comprises the Education 
Department, Queen's College and Ecclesiastical Allowances ; Public 
Works covers the Public Works establishment as well as annually 
recurrent and extraordinary works. Defence includes the Military 
Contribution and Volunteers. 

The statistics given under Climate were obtained from varioiis 
sources prior to 1884 when the Observatory at Kowloon was established. 

The Population statistics prior to 1869 are exclusive and for that 
and subsequent j'ears inclusive of the x\rmy and Navy in the Colony. 
Except for the years 1904. and 1905, when the population of New Kow- 
loon, i.e., of the New Territories South of the Kowloon Hills, is included, 
these statistics do not take those Territories into consideration. The 
population of the New Territories according to the Census taken in 1901 
was 102,254_of which 17,243 were in New Kowloon. 



— 4 _ 

Under Public Instruction the figures given from the year 1875 
onward show the number of Grant-in-Aid Schools in phare of ths 
number of Mission Schools and the average daily attendance in place of 
the total number of scholars as the progress of education is considered to 
be thereby more correctly indicated. In the earlier years the total 
number of schools under European supervision and of scholars enrolled 
in them are alone available. 

The statistics under the heading Public Order require no comment. 
Those imder Defence referring to regular troops are taken from returns 
by the Principal Medical Officer. 

M. NATHAN. 
GoVernjient Holtsk, 

Deeemher, 1906. 



Second Preface. 



In 1910 it was decided that the Historical and Statistical Abstract, 
being a most usefiil record for reference, should be printed as a separate 
publication once in every 10 years, the unexpired decade only appearing 
in the Civil Service List, the first issue of this separate record to be com- 
piled and published in 1911 — up to and including 1910. 

Under "Finance" a new sub-head has been added for 1910, 
" Undertakings of Government " This column includes the Post Office 
and Kowloon-Canton Railway. Previously the Post Office had been 
included in " General Administration " 

To the Departments under "Public Order" has been added 
"District Office". A District Officer was appointed for the New 
Territories on 23rd September, 1907. 

Queen's College is no longer a separate Department. On 20th May, 
1909, the Secretary of State approved of- its being brought under the 
Education Department. 

The Army and Navy and the New Territories have been included 
in the figures shown nnder "Population" since the year 1907. The 
figures given are approximate only— except for the j-ears in which a 
census has been taken. 

F. D. LUGARD. 

Government House., 
1st April, 19 11. 



-^ 1 _ 

(1.)- HISTORY. 

PRINCIPAL EVENTS, TRADE AND INDUSTRIES, PUBLIC 
WORKS, LEGISLATION, 



AhhrevidI Kins. 

Pr. Ev.— Principal Events. P. W.— Public Works, 

Tr. & Ind.— Trade & Industries. H. K. — Hongkong. 



1841. 

Captain Charles Elliot, R.N. , administered from 26.1.1841 to 10.8.1841. 

Pr. Ev. — H.K. is taken over (26/1) and Govt, administered by 
Capt. Elliot as Chief Superintendent of the Trade of Br. subjects in China 
in accordance with proclamation issued by him (29/1), which also 
declared that Chinese should be governed according to laws of China and 
others according to laws of Gr. Britain. 2nd proclamation (1/2) promised 
free exercise of religious rites, social customs and private rights. Br. and 
foreign merchants came from Macao to prospect (Feb.). Building 
commenced (March). Messrs. Jardine, Matheson & Co. erected first 
substantial house and godowns at East Point. Military and naval 
establishments first located near West Point and mercantile centre at 
Wong Nei Chesong_Valley,bi;t this proved too unhealthy. Chinese settled 
to W. of this valley in "the Canton Bazaar" and near site of later Central 
Market in "the Bazaar". About 2,000 Tan- ka or boat people came to 
Colony. In 1st issue of U.K. Govt. Gazette (1/5) Ch. Magistrate appointed 
and in 2nd issue (15/5) original census published. Proclamation of 7/6 
declared H.K. a free port. At 1st sale of lands, subsequently disallowed, 
33 marine lots aggregating about 9 acres sold for total annual rent 
of £3,032. Outbreak of malignant malarial fever in June, violent 
typhoons on 21-22 & 25-26/7 and destructive fire on 12/8 retarded 
progress of new Colony. Harbour Master, Clerk of Works, Colonial 
Surgeon and Land Officer appointed. 

1842. 

Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart., G.C.B., in charge of Oovernment from 

11.8.1841 to 25.6.1843; Governor 26.6.1843 to 7.5.1844. 

(Mr. A. B. Johnston administered during the 

latter half of 1841 and 1842.) 

Pr. Ev. — Establishment of Superintendent of Trade moved from 
Macao to H.K. (27/2). Treaty of Nanking (29/8) confirmed cession of 
H.K. On conclusion of war fleet and troops, except garrison of 700, left 
and arrangements made to bring local affairs under Col. Office, 
Superintendency of Trade, held by Gov., still remaining under Foreign 
Office. Post Office organized. Committee appointed (29/3) to investigate 
claims to land and lay out town ; main street called Queen's Road. Baptist 
Chapel opened there ' 7/7 ). " Friend of China " newspaper established 
(17/3). Tr. & Ind. — Mexican and other Republican dollars declared to 
be standard in all matters of trade (27/4). P. W. — Barracks erected 
on Cantonment Hill, at Stanley and at Aberdeen. Central Market, 
subsequently removed to site on other side of Queen's Road, opened 
(10/6). Road constructed from AVong Nei Cheong to Shau Ki Wan. 



— 2 — 

1843. 

Pr.lEy.— Following on Royal Warrant appointing the Chief 
Superintendent of Trade, Sir Heney Pottikger, to be Gov. & C. in C. of 
the Colony of H.K, and its Dependencies, Col. Govt, was organized with 
a Lieut. Gov., Col. Sec, Treasurer, Chinese Sec., Legal Adviser, Col. 
Surgeon, Col. Chaplain, Ch. Magist., Harbour ilr.. Col. Surveyor and 
Land Officer, and Postmaster. Also 18 officials and 26 unofficials 
appointed J.s of P. City named " Victoria " (29/6). Col. Chaplain first 
officiated in matshed church (24/12) ; he started St. Paul's College for 
training Chinese to be C. of E, ministers. R. C. church in Wellington 
Street consecrated (18/6). Mosque built. Morrison Education Society, 
transferred from Macao, opened school on Morrison Hill (11/1). Hosps. 
established by Med. Missionary Society and by naval and milit. 
authorities. Health very bad ; between May and Oct. 24^0 of troops and 
10% of European civilians died of fever. Committee of Public Health 
and Cleanliness appointed. Attempts made to check land jobbing. 
Tr. & Ind. — At end of year 12 large English firms, 10 English 
merchants on smaller scale and about 6 Indian firms. As a result of 
peace junk trade declined and opening of 5 treaty ports including 
Shanghai (11/1) adversely affected trade of H.K. First H.K. built vessel 
"The Celestial" of 80 tons launched from patent slip at E. Point 
(7/2). Leg. — Royal Instructions of 6/4 constituted Ex. and Leg. Councils, 
each of 3 members exclusive of Gov^ 

1844. 

Governor Sir John Francis Davis, Bart., (8.5.1844 to 18.3.1848). 
(Major-General G. C. D'Aguilar administered on various occasions. ) 

Pr. Ev. — Attempt to regulate population by Registration Ord. 
opposed at first public meeting in H.K. (28/10) and by general strike 
(30/10). Supreme CoTirt opened (1/10). Police force organized (1/5). 
At land sale on 22/1 101 lots aggregating 25ao. sold for £2,562 annual 
rental. Anglo-Ch. College for training Ch. ministers opened by London 
Miss. Soc. Seamen's Hosp. built by public subscription (30/9). Tai 
Ping Shan Market started. Amateur Dramatic Club formed (18/12). 
Tr. & Ind. — Trade except in opiiun declined, partly owing to restric- 
tions imposed by Ch. authorities under Sir H. Pottinger's Supplementary 
Treaty of 8/10/43. Piracy round H.K. also affected junk trade. First 
opium ord. passed (26/11) and farm let for $720 p.m. ^-.Salt tax^ 
instituted. Leg. — First sitting of Leg. Council (11/1). "Land Registra- 
tion Ord. (No. 1) established office for registraion of conveyance of realty 
and made provision for security of titles. 

1845. 

Pr. Ev. — Police rates introduced and house property rated after 
some opposition. Consul for U. S. A. appointed (12/11). P. & 0. S. N. 
Co. started monthly mail steamers (1/8). School for English children 
and Union Church opened. " China Mail " newspaper started (20/2). 
Tr. & Ind. — Attempt made to put currency on gold basis soon 
failed. Branch of Oriental Bank Corporation established (April). Opium 
farm let for $1,710 p.m. P. W. — Wong Koi Cheong Valley drained, 
road made round it, and colonial cemelory -with chr.pel opened. Road 
constructed from Shau Ki Wan to Tytam (5,3 m.). 3 landing Piers on 
City front and 3 Police Stations in City built. Temporary Govt. Ho. 
completed (11/1). L:g. — Summary Offences Ord. (No. 1) passed. 



— 3 — 
1846. 



Pi'. Ev. — Much friction between judicial and executive branches of 
Govt. Vice-Admiralty Court established (4/3). Consuls for Denmark 
and Portugal appointed (11 & 12/3). U.K. Club opened (26/5). 
Tr. & Ind. — Junk trade revived. Attempt of merchants to obtain 
protection for tea shipped at H.K. failed. Opium farm let $1,560 p.m. 



1847. 

Pr. Ev. — Sir J. Davis made ineffectual milit. expedition to Canton 
(2/4 to 8/4) to secure fulfilment of terms of Nanking Treat.y of 1842. Also 
failed in attempt to establish commercial relations with Annam (Oct.). 
Difhculties between judicial and executive branches of Govt, culminated 
in trial of Ch. Justice by Ex. Council (22/11). Parliamentary Comm. 
appointed (March) to enquire into commercial relations in China reported 
adversely on monopolies, petty regulations and expensive establishment 
in H.K. Milit. authorities decided to erect defensible barracks at 
Stanley (8/3). Foundation stone of St. John's Cathedral laid (11/3). 
China Branch of Royal Asiatic Soc. organized (15/1). Court ho. purchased 
from Dent & Co. Ti*. & I 'id. — Licences substituted for opium farm. 
P. W. — Magistracy, Victoria Gaol (reconstructed in 1865) and Police 
Stations at Queen's Road East (now abolished) and at Aberdeen (since 
superseded) constructed. 2,440 yards of City drains laid. 



1848. 

Governor Sir Samuel George Bonham, G.G.B., (20.3. 184S to 12.4.1854). 

(Major-General Staveley, C.B., administered on various 

occasions up to 25.2.1851.) 

Pr. Ev. — Large excess of expenditure over revenue required reduc- 
tion in establishments and stoppage of P.W. Colonial Hosp. oragnized 
(1/10). 13 vessels lost in typhoon (31/8-1/9). Amateur Dramatic Club 
revived (2/12). Ti*. & Ind. — Opening iip of goldfields in Sacramento 
Valley initiated commerce and coolie emigration to San Francisco which 
grew rapidly in following years. H.K. & Canton Steam Packet Co.- 
established (19/10). P. W. — Govt. Offices near Cathedral and Court' 
house in Queen's Road completed and road from Aberdeen to Stanley 
(6f m.) constructed. 

1849, 

Pi". Ev.— HiEN Fung became Emperor of China (25/2). Sir G. 
Bonham's interview with Viceroy Sen (17/2) failed to gain permission for 
merchants to enter Canton City. 83 pirate junks destroyed (Oct.). 15 
Justices of Peace selected by Gov. to advise him. Commission of enquiry 
into land tenure appointed (Oct.). St. John's Cathedral opened (11/3) 
and placed under Bishop of Victoria created by Letters Patent of 11/5. 
Various missionary schools including the one for English children had 
to be closed for want of support. Victoria Regatta Club formed (25/10). 
Tr. & Ind. — P. & 0. S. N. Co. commenced running regular steamer 
between H.K. and Shanghai. Leg. — Various Ords. connected with 
administration of justice passed this year were superseded later. 



— 4 - 

1850. 

Pr. Ev. — Revolt originating in Kwang Si afterwards developed into 
Tai Ping rebellion. 13 pirate junks destroyed in Mirs Bay (4/3). 136 
men of 59th Regt. died out of strength of 568, mostly from fever. Plague 
broke out in Canton in May but did not spread to H.K. London Mission 
Hosp. closed for want of funds. First Bishop — G. Smith— arrived (29/3) ; 
became chairman of Educational Committee which administered Govt, 
grants to schools and took charge of St. Paul's College. Tr. & 
Ind. — Attempt of Canton Hoppo to prevent H.K. river steamers carrying 
cargo from H.K. to Canton checked. Leg'. — Two unofficial members 
nominated by J.s of P. to Leg. Council which previously consisted of 3 
officials exclusive of Governor. 



1851. 

Major-General Jervois, K.O., administered on various occasions 
between Fehruary 1S51 and April 1S54. 

Pi*. Ev. — Discussion between Govt. & J.s of P. re Municipal Govt. 
which had been going on since 1849 led to no result. London Mis- 
sionary Society opened chapel for treatment of out-patients (May). 472 
houses North of Queen's Road destroyed by fire. Cricket Club establish- 
ed (June). P. "W. — 5 wells sunk for City Water Supply. Road from 
Albany Godowns to Wong Nei Cheong (now called Wan Chai Road) 
constructed and first Praya reclamation scheme partly carried out. 



1852. 

Fr. Ev.— Disturbances in S. China incident on Tai Ping rebellion 
sent many Chinese to H. K. 19 cases of piracy in II. K. waters. Tr. & 
Ind. — Great increase in emigration to Straits Settlements and California. 
Emigration to Peru also benefited H. K. for a time till abuses connected 
with its trade necessitated abandonment. Coinage of Br. dollar first 
mooted on account of Mex. dollars, Ind. rupees and Br. coins being at 
a discount. P. & 0. S. N. Co. established regular monthly steamer 
between H. K. and Calcutta thereby giving Colony fortnightly communi- 
cation with England. Exchange at 6 months' sight stood at 4/lOj a 5/- 
on December 30th. 



1853. 

Pr. Ev.— Shortlived Tai Ping dynasty established at Nanking 
visited by Sir G. Bonham who decided no liberal policy to be expected 
from it. Piratical fleet destroyed (10/5) ; nevertheless 70 cases of piracy 
during year including that of S. S. "Aratoon Apcar" (5/8). Attempt to 
revive school for English children failed. Tr. & Ind. — Emigration 
to Br. Guiana put on regular footing and that to Australia commenced. 
Chinese Govt, legalised importation of opium. Exchange at 6 months' 
sight stood at 5/- on December 29th P. W. — Wong Nei Cheong 
Police Stn., Police Stn. No. 9 in Caine Road and 2 slaughter houses 
constructed; all subsequently abolished. Leg". — Ord. No. 1 made it 
lawful for aliens to hold and transfer real property. 



1854. 

Goveiiior Sir John Bowring, Kt., LL.D., (13.4.1854 to 5.5.1859). 
(Colonel W. Caine administered on various occasions up to 8.9.1859). 

Fr Ev. — Kowloon Citj' and other towns to N.E. of H. K. taken 
and re-taken by Tai Pings and Imperialists. Rebelfs blockaded Canton 
River and threatened city, many Chinese taking refuge in H. K. (Dec). 
On outbreak of Crimean war batteries erected for defence of Colony. 
73 soldiers stricken with fever and dysentery in one month. 6 cases of 
beri-beri, previously unknown in 11. K., occurred among Ind. troops. 
Tr. & Ind. — Emigration to Jamaica started (Nov.). Opening of Japan 
by convention of 14/10 had little immediate though important ultimate 
effect on H. K. trade. H. K. and Canton Steam Packet Co. broke up 
(13/12). P. W. — Wong Nei Cheong School (26 scholars) completed ; 
afterwards given up. 

1855. 

Pr. Ev. — Tai Ping and Imperialist fleets of war junks ordered out of 
H. K. harbour (Jan.). Rebels retired from Canton river before Br. force 
sent from H. K. Sir J. Bowring failed to get recognition of this service 
from Viceroy Yeh. Commission enquired into administration of Police 
force (Aug.). 800 deaths among Chinese from fever between 6/2 & 28/4. 
Serious conflagration in centre of town (16 2). St. Andrew's school 
for Br. children established but failed after a few years. Tr. & Ind. — 
Sir J. Bowring's treaty with Siam started trade between H. Iv. and that 
country. 3 new ports in Philippine Is. opened. P. W. — Parya scheme 
which re-established crown rights over reclaimed foreshore in front of 
town opposed by European lot-holders (5/12). Leg. — Leg. Coimcil 
increased to 3 unofficial and 6 official members. 



1856. 

Pr. Ev. — Anti-foreign placards and hostility of officials in Canton 
Culminated in arrest there of Chinese crew of EL. K. Lorcha "Arrow". 
Surrender and apology refused by Viceroy and forts and official residen- 
ces in Canton bombarded without result except destruction of European 
Canton and Whampoa factories by Chinese mob. S. of S. refused to 
consider proposal (17/41 to license gambling houses. Serious fires at 
Tai Ping Shan (27/1) 'and Western Market (23/2). Volunteer Fire 
Brigade (23/1) and Chinese Fire Brigade (7/3) organized. Govt. Ho. 
completed. Villas and farms established at Pok Fu Lam. Anglo-Chinese 
College closed at end of year. Leg. — Ord. No. ] authorized recognition 
of Chinese wills in local courts. 

1857. 

Pf. Ev.— S.S.8 "Feima" and "Thistle" captured by Chinese 
Soldiers (Jan.). 400 Europeans poisoned with arsenic believed to have 
b^en introduced into bakery at instance of Chinese officials (15/1); great 
excitement caused thereby in H. K. and in England led to Lord 
Elgin superseding Sir J. Bowring as plenipotentiary in China and to 
"Arrow" war with that conntry, which was not however prosecuted 
during year owing to Ind. mutiny. France joined Gr. Br. and ultimatum 



issued to Viceroy (24/12). 32 cases of piracy between 1/11/56 and 
15/2/57; afterwards decreased. Local educational movement at low ebb. 
Tr. cc Ind. — Junk trade fell off owing to blockade of Canton River. 
New docks established at Aberdeen (June). P. W — Three Police 
Stations erected. Praya scheme partly carried out. Town now lighted 
by 350 oil lamps (1/10). Central Police Station finished. Leg. — Three 
official and one unof&cial members added to Leg. Council. 

1858. 

Pr. Ev. — Canton captured by allied forces (5/1) and administered 
till 21/10/61 by allied commissioners. War transferred to N. where 
Taku Forts captured (20/5) and Treaty of Tientsin signed (26/6) but not 
ratified. Public meeting (29/7) to discuss exodus of Chinese from and 
stoppage of supplies to H. K. enforced by Chinese officials led to capture 
of Nam Tau in San On district. H. K. passage boat "Wing Sun" 
captured by pirates. Much disease ; Asiatic cholera and hydrophobia 
said to have been first introduced. Violent discords in Civil Service and 
prosecutions of newspapers. Tr. & Ind. — Opium farm re-established 
and let for $33,000 p.a. Salt tax abolished. P. W.— Central, Western, 
Eastern, Tai Ping Shan, So Kun Poo (46 stalls) and Wan Chai (40 stalls) 
Markets constructed ; all except last two abolished or superseded later. 
Police Station No. 7 erected ; superseded in 1902. Leg. — The Markets 
Ord. passed this year lasted till 1887. An Ord. for practitioners in law 
empowered barristers to act as their own solicitors. Meetings of Leg. 
Council made public (25/3). 

1859. 

Governor Sir Ileraules Bobinson, Kt., (9.9.1859 to 15.3.1865). 

(Mr. W T. Mercer administered from 17.7.1861 to 8.9.1861 and 

frovi 12.7.1862 to 11.2.1864.) 

Pr. Ev.— Defeat of Br. fleet at the Pei Ho (25/6) and ultimatum to 
China (Dec). Sir J. Bowring recommended annexation of Kowloon for 
commercial and sanitary value (29/3) and C. 0. urged this on W. 0. in 
connection with renewal of war. Operation of Imp. Ch. Mar. Customs 
commenced at Canton, opposed by H. K. merchants. S.S. "Cumfa" 
plundered by pirates. Agitation in England on account of disclosures 
with reference to Civil Service discord prejudicial to H. K. Ophthalmia 
epidemic. Diocesan native training school started. H. K. Br. of R. 
Astiatic Soc. wound up and library embodied in that of Morrison Educa- 
tion Soc. Tr. & Ind. — Contract Emigration confined to Br. Colonies. 
Native boat-building greatly increased. P. W. — Civil hosp. (9 wards 
with 71 beds) completed; superseded in 1874. Schools- built at Shek 
Ho (26 scholars). Little H. K. (13 scholars) and Aberdeen; all sub- 
sequently given up or superseded. Public station erected at Stanley. 
Bill to complete Praya scheme thrown out by influence of commercial 
houses. 

1860. 

Pr. Ev. — Renewal of war with China. Chusan Is. occupied (21/4), 
Taku Forts taken (26/8). Peking occupied (13/10) and Peking Conven- 
tion (24/10) secured ratification of Treaty of Tientsin and further 
converted into cession a lease of the Kowloon Penin. which had been 



— 7 — 

obtained from Canton Viceroy on (21/3). Pawnbrokers closed their 
shops in ineffectual protest against new Ord. P. 0. transferred to local 
Govt. (1/5). Great rise in value of land and consequent increase in 
revenue. Board of Education formed for management of Govt, schools 
(21/1). Tr. & Ind. — Shipping interests developed by commissariat and 
transport services during war. P. W. — Tanks constructed at Bonham 
Road for City Waterworks. Station St., Tai Ping Shan, Centre St., 
Second St., West St., East St., Sai Ying Pun and Peak Roads laid out, 
Shau Ki Wan School (57 scholars) built. Le'r. — The Pawnbrokers 
Ord. (No. li regulated this business. Ords. constituting a marine court 
of enquiry and a board to grant navigation certificates were subsequently 
superseded. 



1861. 



Pr. Ev. — Emperor of China Hien Fukg died (Jan.), and Prince 
KuNG head of regency. Occupation of Canton by allies terminated 
21/10. Kowloon Peninsula formally handed over to Great Britain (19/1) 
and ci3Cussion with regard to military lands there at once commenced. 
Piracy of " North Star" 4 miles out of H. K. Three district schools 
merged into new Govt. Central School. T;'. Sc lad. — H. K. Chamber 
of Commerce formed and erjtablishment of Chinese Imperial Maritime 
Customs opposed by it. P. W. — Accommodation for 610 Scholars pro- 
vided for Central School in Cough Street. Robinson Road "with bridge 
across Glenealy laid out. Police Stations built at Pok Fu Lam and Shau 
Ki Wan; latter superseded in 1872. Quarters for signalmen pro^ idcd 
on Peak. Lock llosp. constructed this year afterwards became part of 
Govt, Civil llosp. 



1863. 



P;'. Ft. — Chinese issue of H. K. Gazette started (1/3). Registrar 
Gen. made intermediary between Govt, and Chinese. (3adet system 
introduced by appointment of 3 student interpreters (3/4). Strike of 
cargo boatmen against registration under Ord. of previous year. Trial 
made of recruiting Indian police in Bombay and Madras and floating 
station lor water police established. Military opened sanitarium at Peak 
which proved failure. Volunteer Corps consisting of battery of artillery 
armed with 3 prs. and 4i" howitzers first formed (1/3.) Miss L.'.xter 
started Eurasian Schools. Piracies of " Henrietta Louise ", " Imogen", 
"Eagle" and " Iron Prince " all close to H.K. Typhoon (27/7) re- 
sulted in considerable loss of life. P. W. — Road from Victoria Gap to 
Pok Fu Lamd^m.) laid out. Timber landing piers provided at Pot- 
tinger and Ice House Streets and Observation Place. Town Clock Tower 
(124 ft. high) erected ])y public subscription. Le,-:. — Military Stores 
Ord. (No. i) passed to stop supply of stores to Tai Ping rebels. 
Volunteer, P. , and Police Ords. passed this year subsequently super- 
seded. Ord. empowering barristers to act as their own solicitors re- 
pealed in 1871. 



1863. 

Fr. Ev. — Commission appointed to enquire into unsatisfactory 
working of Victoria Gaol. Chair coolies struck for nearl}' 3 months 
when brought under a licensing Ord. of this year. Piracy of "Bertha" 
near Stonecutters' Island (22/7). Sailors' Home at West Point opened 
(31/1). Drinking fountain erected opposite City Hall site. TlV & Ind. 
— Fluctuations in value of Mexican dollar led to proposal to establish 
mint at H.K. and to make standard dollar and sub. coins based on it only 
legal tender. Mcssageries Maritimes mail steamers started (1/1) and 
regular steamer communication with Br. N. Borneo established (Dec). 
P. W.— Reservoir (2,000,000 galls.) at Pok Fu Lam, connected by 
aqueduct with 2 tanks above City, completed ; superseded in 1871. No. 
4 Police Station constructed this year afterwards abolished and quarters 
built for Supt. Bot, and Afforest, Dep. superseded in 1892. 



1864. 

Pr. Ev.— Sir R. Hart head of Ch. Imp. Maritime Customs (19/7). 
Tai Ping rebellion crushed by capture of Nanking (19/7). Wholesale 
deportation to Canton of professional beggars. Many " drain-gang " and 
other burglaries and mtirderous attacks. Riot of Malay seamen, police, 
and 99th reg. (12-14/9). Piracy of " Chico " (28/1). Marine and inland 
lots at KoAvloon sold on short leases, Military contribution of £20,000 
p. a., estimated to be itli of imp. military expenditiire, imposed on Colony. 
Band (11/4), Rifle Co. (24/5) and Canton Det. (17/9) added to Volun- 
teer Corps which niimbered 200 active and 200 hony. members at end of 
year. Public Garden (9 acres) bet^veen Garden and Alliany Roads opened 
(6/8). First gas lighting in Victoria (12/11). Heavy rainfall (6/6) 
caused collapse of houses. Tr. & Ind. --Prosi^ectus issued in July of 
H.K. & Shanghai Banking Co. ; 6 banks already established at H.K. 
P. T7. — Proposal for new Praya wall and reclamation fell through owing 
to opposition of lot-holders. Carriage road laid out to Shau Ki Wan. 
Bowriagton Canal (600' long and 90' wide) formed. Sai Ying Pun 
Market (6 shops and 81 stalls) built. Leg". — Mercantile Law Amendment 
Ord. (No. 1.) amended laws of trade and commerce. Compilation of 
edition of ord. in force completed (Oct.). 



1865. 

Mr. W. T. Mercer administered from 16.3.1865 to 10.3.1866. 

Pr. Ev,— Project of raihvay to connect Calcutta with Canton and 
H.K. mooted. Decided that criminals not to be extradited to China 
without guarantee that they will not be tortured. Committee appointed 
to enquire into mortality of troops. Board of Education abolished and 
Education Dep. placed under Inspector who was also head of Central 
School. St. Saviour's (R. C.) commercial school established. Piracy 
of " Georg Andrews " outside Lyemun Pass and of " Nuevo I.epanto " 
near Lan Tao.. '1 r. & Ind. — Union Dock Co. registered (31/7) with 
capital of $.500,000. H.K., Canton & Macao Steamboat Co. started 
(19/10) with capital of .$750,000. P. .—Central Police Station (for 
officers and 176 constables), Victoria Gaol (120 single and 8 associated 



^ 9 — 

cells and accommodation for debtors), Post Office (sorting and 11 other 
rooms), Volunteer H. Q. (demolished 1905), Six Kun Pu School (for 150 
scholars) and Sai Ying Pun School (for 75 scholars) completed. City 
lighted with 400 gas lamps in March. Batterj' Road laid out at West 
Point and first sections of Robinson and MacDonnell Roads in Kowloon. 
Leg. — Companies, associations and i^artnersliips of more than 20 
regulated by Companies Ord. (No. 1.). Ords. Nos. 2 to 7 consolidated 
criminal law of H. K. on lines of U. K. Acts of 1861. 

1866. 

Oovernor Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell, Kt., G.B. (U.S. 1866 

to 11.4.1872.) 

(Major General II. W. Whitfield administered from 29.10.1868 

to 12.12.1868 and from 13.4.1870 to 8.10.1871) 

Pr. Ev.— H. K. Royal Mint opened (7/4) ; it had cost $400,000 to 
establish and involved anniial expenditure of $70,000; commission 
appointed in Oct. to enquire into its working. System of branding and 
deporting criminals and flogging them if they returned to H.K. in- 
troduced. Volunteer Corps disbanded owing to non-attendance of 
members. Tr. & Ind. — Period of commercial depression which lasted 
till 1869 set in ; 2 banks suspended payment. H.K. A Shanghai Bank 
converted into Corporation by Ord. (No'. 2) ; capital $5,000,000. H.K. 
& Whampoa Dock Co. formed (11/10) ; capital $750,000. P. W.— 
Mint Buildings and Harbour Office completed ; latter re-constructed in 
1874. Leg'. — The Companies Registration Ord. (No. I'l extended pro- 
visions of Companies Ord. of previous year. 

1867. 

Pr. Ev. — Commencement (15/10) of what henceforth known as 
Blockade of H.K. ; Chinese cruisers patrolled neighbouring waters 
levying tax on junks trading with non-treaty ports ; this was at first 
supported by British representative at Peking as means of checking 
smuggling from H.K. Commission reported in favour of closing Mint. 
Expenditure decreased to secure balance in estimates. 11 licensed 
gaming houses opened (15/9) ; afterwards increased to 16. St. Paul's 
College (C. of E.) closed for lack of funds. Praya wall destroyed by 
typhoon (8/8 ) in which several large vessels and many junks lost. Nearly 
500 houses destroyed by fire (28/11). Tr. & Ind.— New dock of H.K. 
& Whampoa Dock Co. opened at Aberdeen (15/6). First of regular 
Pacific Mail S. S. Co.'s steamers from San Francisco arrived (31/1). 
H.K. Hotel Co. started operations in July. Two important and some 
smaller firms failed. Exchange at 6 months' sight stood at 4/4^ on 
December 31st. P. V\/ . — Slaughter House at Belcher's Bay (super- 
seded 1894), Governor's Peak Residence (re- constructed 1902) and Gaol 
on Stonecutters' Island (since abandoned) completed. Land reclaimed 
at Kowloon Point by 500 ft. of sea-wall. Leg. — A Stamp Ord. passed 
for revenue purposes, after much opposition from commercial com- 
munity. An Ord. for the maintenance of order and cleanliness authorized 
licensing of gaming houses. An Emigration Ord. directed against 
abuses such as had come to light in connection with coolie emigration 
from Macao was subsequently strengthened, 



— 10 — 



1868. 



Pr. Ev.— Attempt made by Canton Viceroy to collect ciistoms dues 
in H.K. from jnnke proceeding to China defeated. Agitation against 
licensing of gaming lionses started Ly H.K. Missionaries was taken np 
in the U.K. Mint closed after making only i 20,000 in seigniorage; 
buildings sold for CG5,000 and plant to Japan for $60,000 (June). 
Marine lot-holders succeesfully resisted attempt of Govt, to make them 
re-construct sea-wall. Exchange at 6 months' sight stood at 4/4^ on 
December 31st. P. W. — Police kStation No. 2 built. 8| acres reclaimed 
by 2,700 ft. of sea-wall from "Wilmer St. to Bonham Strand West. 
Leg. — Amendments made to Staicp Ord. The Suppression of Piracy 
Ord. (No. 1), directed against assistance given in H.K. to pirates, soon 
had good result. Volunteer Fire Brigade established by Fire Brigade 
Ord. (No. 2). The Treasonable Offences Ord. 'No, 3) assimilated law on 
this subject with that of U. K. 

1869. 

Pr. Ev. — The Suez Canal, destined to have great effect on H.K. 
trade a few years later, was opened on 18/3. The S. of S. expressed 
strong disapproval of raising of revenue from gaming house licences and 
of manner in which this revenue was used. Police Schools established. 
District watchmen, paid for by Chinese, first enrolled and placed under 
Reg. Gen. ; immediate effect was friction between Reg. Gen. and Capt. 
Supt. of Police. Didve of Edinburgh visited H.K. (31/10 to 16/11) and 
opened City Hall (2/11). Tr. & lid. — Improvement in trade in spite 
of falling off of junk traffic due to Blockade. Messageries ^laritimes and 
Pacific Mail doubled number of steamers and 2 new local Steamship Co.s 
started. Exchange at G months' sight stood at 15^- on December 30th. 
P- W. — Police Station No. 6 at "^/ictoria Gap and tlarbour Inspectors' 
Quarters buili ; latter afterwards given up. L? g'. — Proportion of 
unofficial to official members in Leg. Council increased from 3-7 to 
4-6 (25/8). Promissory Oaths Ord. (No. 1) and Public Assemblages 
(Regulation of Traffic) Ord. (No. 2.) passed. 

1870. 

Major General W. H. Whitfield administered from 
13,4.1870 to 8.10.1871. 

Pi'. Ev. — Proposal of H. M. Minister at Peking that Chinese consul 
should reside at H.K. opposed by Governor. Notice given by Lieut.- 
Gov. as to closing gaming houses from 1/1/71 disallowed by S. of S. 
The Tung Wa — a Chinese free hosp. to be managed by Chinese 
directors under Govt, supervision— established by Ord. (No. 3). Typhoon 
of 26/9 caused great loss of life and property. H.K.-Amoy-Shanghai 
(Gt. Northern Co.) cable opened for traffic. Tr. c' Ind. — Commercial 
exploring Expedition to Ivwang Tung and Kwang Si initiated by Cham- 
ber of Commerce. H.K. and Whampoa Dock Co. absorbed Union Dock 
Co. and increased capital to $1,000,000. Exchange at 6 months' sight 
stood at 4''4 on December 31st. P. ",/.— Gnol Officers' Quarters built ; 
afterwards used mostly as gaol hosp. Leg — Public Places Regulation 
Ord. (No. 2) passed to maintain order, etc., in public btiildings, gardens 
and other places. 



— 11 — 

1871. 

Pr. Ev.— Monopoly of gaming house licences sold (12/1) for $ 15,000 
p.m. ; protests from Colony and agitation in U. K. resulted in abandon- 
ment of licensing system (8/12). System of branding and deporting 
Chinese criminals and flogging them if they returned to Colony 
abolished (25/5). Agitation against InefEciency of police force. Typhoon 
of 2/9 damaged houses and shipping. li.K.-Cape St. Jacques-Singapore 
(Eastern Extension Co.) cable opened for traffic on 9 6. Tr. & 
Ind. — H.K. Wharf and Godown Ci>. formed. Exchange at 6 months' 
sight stood at 4/4| on December 30th. P. W. — Public Gardens 
extended by 8.2 acres between Albany Road and Glenealy Ravine. Whit- 
field Police Station built at Causeway Bay. Pok Fu Lam Reservoir 
(66,000,000 galls.) completed for City Waterworks. Leg.— Legal 
Practitioners Ord. (No. 1) dealt with the enrolment, etc., of barristers 
and attorneys. 

1872. 

Governor Sir Arthur E. Kennedy, K.M.C.G., C.B., (16.4.1872 to 1.3.1877). 

[Mr. J. Gardiner Austin administered from 15.10.1874 to 5.11.1875 

and from 11.3.1875 to 3.12.1875.) 

Pr. Ev. — Board of Examiners in Chinese for Govt. Officers esta- 
blished. Gardens and Afforestation Dept. placed under representative 
advisory committee. Provision made for registering all births and 
deaths. System of branding and deporting Chinese criminals re- 
introduced. Coolies struck (Aug.) against tax on coolie lodging-houses. 
Bad year for malaria ; dengue cases oc'curred for first time (Sept.). St. 
Peter's (C. of E.) church for seamen (14 1), Tung Wa Hosp. for Chinese, 
and St. Joseph's (R. C.) Church (30/11) opened. Victoria Recreation 
Club amalgamated boat club, g3-mnasium and swimming bath (30 11). 
Ti'. & lud. — New period of depression commenced. Much discussion 
on Blockade of H.K., and on adulteration of grey shirting in England. 
Attempts to form brokers' association failed. Commercial capabilities 
of West River explored. 1st issue of one dollar notes by H.K. & Shanghai 
Bank (Oct.). Revenue 'from opium farm $122,400 and Commission 
appointed (8/6) to enquire into working of monopoly recommended letting 
for 3 years instead of for 1 year as had been done since 1858. 
Exchange at 6 months' sight stood at 4/4 on December 31st. P. W. — 
Wan Chai School (for 119 Scholars), Shau Ki Wan Market (30 stalls) 
and Shau Ki Wan and Hung Hom Police Stations built, last superseded 
in 1885. 



1873. 

Pr. £<?■. — Gardens and Afforestation Dept. constituted sub-dept. 
under Surveyor Gen. (15/12). Horticultural Society started for annual 
flower and vegetable shows (13/2). System introduced (24/4) of Govt, 
grants-in-aid for secular education based on result of examinations ; R. C. 
schools declined to take advantage of it. Victoria English School 
established but eventually became Portugaeae (R. C). First news- 
paper under solely Chinese management published in H.K. Tr. & 
Ind. — Several important commercial undertakings failed. Commission. 



— 12 — 

appointed to consider question of Blockade of U.K. Exchange stood at 
im on December 31st. P- W.— Yau Ma Ti Police Station built and 
East Praya partly constructed. Leg — Standing Rules of Leg. Council 
revised (2/7). Law with respect to carriage and deposit of explosives 
etc. amended by Dangerous Goods Ord. (No. 1). Puisne Judge added 
to Supreme Coiirt for summary jurisdiction by Supreme Court Ord. 
(No. 3) and Summary Court, established in 1871, abolished by Supreme 
Court (Summary Jurisdiction) Ord. (No. 4). 

1874. 

Pr. Ev. — Attempts to enforce provisions for registration of servants 
contained in an Ord. of 186G failed. Scholarship established in connection 
with Govt. Central School (Jan.). Li typhoon of 22-23/9, 35 foreign 
ships, over 2,000 lives and about $5,000,000 worth of property lost in 6 
hours. On other occasions 2 ships lost on rocks and 1 by collision in or 
near harbour. Tr. & Ind. — Chinese petition sent to Queen and 
memorial to S. of S. with regard to Blockade. Increased export of tea 
from China accompanied by complaints of adulteration. China Merchants 
S. N. Co. started with design of taking coasting trade from foreign 
ships. H.K. & Shanghai Bank lent $600,000 to Chinese Government at 
8% on security of maritime customs. Exchange stood at 4/1^ on 
December 31st. P.W. — Temporary Hosp. (54 beds) provided in Holly- 
wood Road ; it was destroyed by fire on 26/12/78. Harbour Office 
in Victoria re-constu.rcted and new Harbour Office built at Aberdeen. 
Mint Dam and Blue Pool Dam re-constructed for City AVaterworks. 
Roads and wells provided at Peak. Leg. — Emigration Ord. passed to 
supersede legislation of previous year in connection with coolie trade 
from Macao. 

1875. 

Pr. Ev. — TsAi Tien became, under the style of Kwong Sai, Emperor 
of China with the two Empresses as regents (23/2). St. Saviour's (R. C.) 
School re-organized as St. Joseph's College (15/11). Ti'. & Ind.' — De- 
pression in trade indicated by further failures. New proposals put 
forward for dealing with Blockade. Hanoi and Haiphong under French 
protection opened for trade (15/9). Supply to, H.K. of subsidiary coins 
from London Mint started (19/7). Mr. (afterwards Sir Thomasj Jackson 
Manager of H.K. & Shanghai Bank. Cosmopolitan Docks completed 
(Oct.). Exchange stood at 3/1 1|- on December 31st. P. W. — Light- 
houses at Cape D'Aguilar (1st order) and on Green Island (4th order) 
completed and lights exhibited on 16/4 and 1/7 respectively. 30 market 
stalls provided at Shek Tong Tsui. Leg. — Letters Patent (8/6) vested 
Govt, in Lieut.-Gov. or Col. Sec. in event of Governor's death, incapacity 
or absence. Ord. No. 7 provided for systematic record of marriages in 
one general register, 

1876. 

Pi*. Ev. — Census taken. Extensive housebuilding operations on 
Peak. Fir trees planted on Mount Davies above Kennedy Road. Tr. & 
Ind.— Opium Farm let for 1 year from 1/3 at $110,000. Exchange 
stood at 4/1^ on December 30th. P. W. — Cape CoUinson Lighthouse 
completed and 6th order light exhibited from 1/3. Kennedy Road, 
(1.82 m. long), opened. Powder Magazine constructed at Stonecutters' 
Island; superseded in 1905. Leg. — Chinese Passenger Ships, Public 
Gambling, and P. 0. Ords., passed this year, subsequently superseded. 



— 13 — 

1877. 

Governor Sir John Pope Hennessy, {22.4.1877 to 7.3.1882). 
{Mr. W. II. Marsh administered from 31.5.1S77 to 6.9.1877.) 

Pr. Ev. — Public branding and flogging of criminals stopped and 
their deportation restricted & lenient treatment of first offenders advocated 
by new Governor. First Chinese Civil marriage solemnized at Reg. 
Gen.'s office (7/6 '. First Chinese (Ng Choy) admitted to local bar (18/5). 
St. Joseph's (R. C.) Cathedral re-opened for service (3/6). ILK., entered 
postal union and postage rates reduced. Tr. & Ind. — Opium Farm 
let for 2 years at $132,000 p. a. Exchange stood at 3/10 J- on December 
31st. P. W. — Cattle Depot (for 120. head) first provided at Kennedy 
Town.. Conduit, (3.38 m. long), constructed to convey water from 
Pokfulam Reservoir to City. LfiR'. — Letters Patent of 9/4 revoked sup- 
plementary Charter of 8/6/75 and made minor alterations in constitution 
of Colony. Companies Ord. passed this year afterwards incorporated in 
No. 1 of 1865. 

1878. 

Pr, Ev. — Po Leung Kuk estalished by Chinese to prevent kidnap- 
ping of girls and ill treatment of domestic servant girls. Many burglaries 
including armed attack on Chinese Bank in Wing Lok Street (25/9). 
Public meeting to discuss insecurity of life and property in Colony 
(7/10). Serious fire in Victoria: 368 houses and .$1,000,000 worth of 
property destroyed (25-26/12). Volunteer corps formed under Ord. of 
1862 at time of strained relations with Russia. Tr. &; lud. — China 
Sugar Refinery Co., Ltd., established. Exchange stood at ,j/6| "on 
December 31st. 

1879. 

Pr. Ev. — System of deporting criminals resumed. Two thirds of 
police force ordered (17/3) to be always on night duty. Local Committee 
reported on defence questions for Royal Commission at home. Revision 
of education code confined secuhar system to Government schools and 
gave freedom to grant-in-aid schools as to religious instruction. Botanical 
separated from Survey Department. St. Patrick's Hall in Garden Road 
opened on 17/3 and R.. C. Church at West Point on 22/3. Lutheran 
Church erected. Visit of General Ulysses Grant (30/4 to 12/5). Tr. & 
Ind. — Trade depressed ; much discussion on detriment to it resulting 
from action of Chinese revenue cruisers. H.K. & Whampoa Dock Co. 
purchased ship-building slips of late Capt. Sands (1/9). Opium Farm 
let for 3 years at $205,000 p. a. Exchange stood at 3/9| on December 
30th. Leg. — Merchant Shipping Consolidation Ord. passed this year 
superseded in 1891. 

1880. 

Pr. Ev. — Military authorities reported on insanitary condition of 
Colony. Telegraphic communication established with Philippine Islands 
(1/5). Rickshaws first used in H.K. (22/4). Polo Club started (27/4).. 
Tr. Sc Ind. — Cosmopolitan Dock Co. established at Sham Shui Po (3/2) 
but their dock subsequently (31/12) purchased by ILK. & Whampoa 
Dock Co. H.K. Ice Co. registered (31/2). Exchange stood 3/9.^: on 
December 30th. P. W. — Additional block erected at Govt. Civil Hosp, 



— 14 — 

originally used for Lock Hosp. Leg. — Naturalisation Ord. giving 
European resident (E. J. Eitel) privileges of British Subject vrithin 
Colony but not elsewhere, passed this year, formed precedent frequently 
followed afterwards. 

1881. 

Mr. M. S. Tonnoahy administered from 11.9.81 to 24.10.81. 

Pr. Ev. — Census taken. Speculation in land and house property 
resulted in considerable increase in Colonial revenue. Severe gale 
(14/10) damaged small craft in harbour. 36 houses destroyed by fire in 
Tai Ping Shan (19/1). Telephones taken into use in Colony. First 
issue of "Hongkong Telegraph'" newspaper (15/6). Visit of Prince 
Albert Victor and Prince George of Wales (20/12 to 31/12). Exchange 
stood at 3/8^ on December 31st. P. W. — A smaller proportion of the 
public revenue devoted to Public Works than in any year since 1851 and 
no works of importance in hand. Leg. — Macao Extradition Ord. (No. 1) 
provided for apprehension of fugitives from justice from Macao. 

1882. 

Mr. William Marsh, G.M.G., administered from 8.3.1882 to 29.3.1883. 

pr. E^''. — Previous year's speculation in land and house property 
followed by numerous bankruptcies. Mr. 0. Chadwick, C.M.G., reported 
as Sanitary Commissioner on sanitary condition of Colony. Enrolment 
of Volunteers in new Artiller}?- Corps commenced (20/12). Tr. & 
Ind. — Luzon Sugar Refinery Co. established (25/3). Opium Farm let 
for 1 year at $210,000 p. a. Exchange stood at 3/7f on December 30th. 
Leg". — Banishment and Conditional Pardons Ord. (No. 1) enabled 
Gov.-in-Council to banish aliens for 5 years. New Volunteer Ord. 
superseded Ord. of 1862. 

1883. 

Governor Sir George Ferguson Bowen, G.C.M.G., 
(30.3.1883 to 19.12.1885). 

Pr. Ev. — Sanitarj' Board first eatablished. Disturbance among 
hawkers OAving to enforcement of new regulations (22/5). Belilios 
Scholarships instutited (29/11). New St. Joseph's (R. C.) College for 
boys inaugurated (6/1). The Peak Church (C. of E.) opened (17/6). 
H. K. connected by cable with Shanghai (29/5) and Foochow (18/6). 
Canton-Kowloon Telegraph Line opened for traffic (9/7). Tr. & Ind. — 
Opium boiled at Govt. Factory and Dross Farm let. Exchange stood at 
3/8f on December 31st. P. W. — Breakwater, 1,400 ft. long, constructed 
at Causeway Bay to provide safe anchorage of 100 acres for smaU. craft. 
Observatory at Kowloon completed. Leg'. — Distress of Rents Ord. 
(No. 1). 

1884. 

Pr. Ev. — War broke out between France and China (5,8) and gave 
rise to some unrest in Colony. Piratical attack on S.S. "Greyhound" 
a few hours out of U.K. Strikes of butchers (10,'6) and of cargo-boat 
people and coolies (3/10). Serious fires at Hung Horn in Br. Kowloon 
(11 and 16/12). Jockey Club formed (4/10). Hongkong-Macao cable 



— 15 - 

opened for traffic (4,7). Tr. & Irid.— Opium boiled at Govt. Factory 
and Dross Farm let. Exchange stood at 3/C-| on December 31st. 
P. W. — European Lunatic Asylum (8 cells, etc.) constructed near Govt. 
Civil Hosp. 23 acres reclaimed at Causeway Bay. Water Police Station 
and Time-ball Tower erected at Tsim Sha Tsui. Yau Ma Ti Market 
extended (30 stalls). Leg- — Medical Registration Ord. 

1885. 

Sir William Marsh, K.C.M.Cl, administered from 20.12.1885 to 25.4.1887. 

P ■. T-v. — Peace declared between France and China (6,4) al-aycd 
unrest. Agitation with regard to overcrowding of City of Victoria led 
to appointment of Land Commission. Tr. & Ind. — Ropeworks esta- 
blished at Kennedy Town. Opium Farm let for 1 year at $159,000. 
Exchange stood at 3/4^ on December 31st. P. W. — Police IJoat Basin 
(0.43 acre) with launch slip and boat shed constructed at Tsim Sha Tsui 
and Police Station at Kung Horn. Lf,?- — Yv^ eights and Measures Ord. 
(No. 2), Bills of Exchange Ord., modelled on English Act, (Ko. 3), and 
Married Women (Disposition of Property) Ord. (No. 5) passed. Municipal 
Rates Ord., subsequently modified, fixed rates at 13% for Victoria 
(police 8f , lighting 1\, fire-brigade f and water 2), at Bf % for the Peak, 
at 6 "/o for Kowloon, etc. 

1886. 

Pr. I-^V. — Land Commission recommended reclamation by Govt. 
Agreement (11/9) with China by which movement of opium to and from 
H. K. was to be registered and arrangements made for settling ciisputes 
between H. K. junks and Chinese Customs put a stop to so-called H. K. 
Blockade which liad been detrimental to trade. Tr. & Ind. — Opium 
Farm let for 3 years at .^182, 400 p. a. Exchange stood at 3,3J on 
December 3lBt. P. W — 22 acres reclaimed at Kennedy Town by seri-wall 
3,690 ft. long. Lazaretto ifor 4 Europeans and IG Chinese) constr acted 
on Stonecutters' Island. Loan of £200,000 at 4j % for carrying out 
public works raised by issue of debentures. Liig'. — Royal Instructions 
of 11/10 revoked previous and enacted new instructions : official members 
of Leg. Council fixed at 7, unofficial at 5. Printers and Publishers Ord. 
(No. 4) regulated printing of newspapers and books. Usury Ord. (2'o. 5") 
made 8 % legal rate of interest. Bills of Sale Ord. (No. 7) passed to 
prevent fraud on creditors and Peace Preservation Ord. (No. 10 1 for 
prevention and suppression of riots. 

1S87. 

Major Gciicral W. Gordon Camerom, C.B., administered 
-from 26.4.1887 to 5.10.1887. 

'■ V. Yv. — Chinese School of Medicine founded. Alice Memorial 
Hosp. (London Missionary Society) for Chinese opened (17/2'' Kxclange 
stood at 3/]-^ on December 3h:t. P. 'A''. — Police Stations erected at 
Kennedy Town (subsequently used as Infectious Diseases Hospital and 
Mount Gough. L £?. — Defamation and Libels Ord. (No. 1) passed. Triad 
and other XJrJnivfnl Societies suppressed No. 2). Jury Ord (No. 5) 
amended and eo isolidated law relating to Jurors and Raw Opium Ord. 
(No. 9) better regulated trade in opium. 



— 16 — 

1888. 

Governor Sir William Des Vceux {6.10.1887 to 7.5.1891). 

(Mr. Frederiek Stewart administered from 7. S. 1888 to 20.3.1888, from 

24.11.1888 to 18.12.18S8 and from. 30.8.1889 to 23.9.1889.) 

Pr. Ev. — Sanitary Board reconstituted under a Public Health Ord. 
of previous year and Colonial Surgeon made president. Bad year for 
small-pox, 99 cases being admitted into hospital. Wire-rope tramway, 
commenced 20,9 85, from St. John's Cathedral (100 ft.) to Victoria Gap 
(1,300 ft.) opened for traffic (30,5). Exchange stood at 3;'0|- on December 
3ist. P. W. — Cattle Depot at Kennedy Town extended for 240 
additional head. Leg. — Letters Patent of 19/1 revoked Charter of 
5/4/43 and Letters Patent of 9/4,77 and re-enacted provisions for govt, 
of Colony. Royal Instructions of 19 1 revoked those of ll''l;86 and 
re-enacted them with slight modifications. Regulation of Chinese Ord. 
(No. 3) provided for registration of householders and tenants, for 
appointment of District Watchmen, for regulation of ceremonies, etc., 
and for issue of night passes. Coroner's duties transferred to Magistrates 
by Coroners Abolition Ord. (No. 5). 

1889. 

Pr. Et.— 33.11 inches of rain fell in great storm of 29;5 and 30/5 
(10.16 in 7 hours) and did considerable damage. Tr. & Ind. — Opium 
Farm let for 3 years at f 447,600 pa. Exchange stood at 3/1^ on 
December 31st. P. V/. — Queen's College, commenced in 1884, com- 
pleted and provided accommodation for 924 scholars, subsequently 
increased. Original Tytam Scheme for Citj' Waterworks completed and 
provided impounding reservoir (312,330,000 galls. \ tunnel (1.38 m. long), 
conduit (3 m. long), 6 filter beds (3,245 sq. yds. agg. area), and service 
reservoir (5,700,000 galls.) ; total capacity of storage reservoir now 
378,330,000 galls. Leg.— Chinese Emigration regulated by Ord. No. 1 
and law of evidence consolidated by Evidence Ord. (No. 2). Praya 
Reclamation Ord. (No. 6) provided for extensive reclamation in front of 
West Praya at cost of Marine lot-holders. Chinese Extradition Ord. 
(No. 7) gave effect to Art. XXI of Treaty of Pekin. 

1890. 

Mr. Francis Fleming, G.M.G., administered from 
19.2.1890 to 22.12.1890. 

Pr. Ev. — Visit of Duke and Duchess of Connaught (April); Duke 
laid memorial stone of Praya Reclamation. The Scheme initiated by 
Mr. (afterward Sir) Paul Chater was to reclaim 65 acres extending 2 
miles from Naval Yard to beyond Gasworks at West Point ; new road 
along front to be called Connaught Road. Lighting of low levels in 
Victoria by 50 arc lamps begun 1/12. Piracy of Passenger S.S. " Namoa " 
50 m. from Hongkong (Dec). Exchange averaged 3/2 for the yeaf and 
stood at 3,5 on December 31st. P W. — ^Pokfulam filter beds (4), with 
area of 1,360 sq. yds., constructed for City Waterworks. Leg. — Law 
relating to infant vaccination amended by Vaccination Ord. (No. 2) and 
those relating to jurisdiction, etc., of Magistrates by Magistrates Ord. 
(No. 3). Merchandise Marks Ord. (No. 4) framed on lines of English Act. 



— 17 — 

1891. 

'Major-General Dighj Barker administered from, 7.5.1891 to 9.12.1891. 

Pr. Ev. — Census takeir. Tr. & Ind- — Fluctuation in exchange 
and speculation mostly in trading and mining ventures outside Colony 
resulted in financial depression. Exchange averaged 3,'4|- for the year 
and stood at 3/1 on December 31st. P. W. — Foreshore at Kennedy 
Town (8.55 acres) reclaimed. Lunatic Asylum for Chinese (16 cells, etc.) 
near Civil Hosp., District School at Sai Ying Pun (for 186 scholars), 
and new Police Station at Aberdeen erected. The Peak, previously 
dependent on well water, now supplied from City Waterworks by pump- 
ing. Leg. — Gambling Ord. (No. 2) passed to stop gambling among 
Chinese, and Companies (Sale of Shares) Ord. (No. 5) to stop gambling 
in shares. Bankruptcy Ord. (No. 7) brought law of Colony into 
line with that of U.K. Opium Farm regulated by Prepared Opium 
Ord. (No. 8.) 

1893. 

Governor Sir William Eobinson, K.G.M.G., {10.12.1891 to 1.2.1898). 

(Mr. G. T. M. O'Brien administered during ahsenee 

of Governor in 1893.) 

Pr. Ev. — State aid withdrawn from Church of England in Colony, 
and Cathedral handed over to trustees. Gas lighting introduced at 
Kowloon. Tr. & Ind.— Opium Farm let for 3 years at $340,800 p.a. 
Exchange averaged S/l^-for the year and stood at 2/8| on December 31st. 
P. W. — Gap Rock Lightho. com]ileted and connected with H.K. by 
cable ; 1st order light exliibited 1/4. City Waterworks distribution 
scheme completed. 10 Public Laundries opened at Wan Chai. Cattle 
depot at Kennedy Town extended for 120 additional head. Albany Xullah 
trained. Govt. ho. ball-room, new quarters, etc., for Supt. B. & A. 
Dept. & staff ([uarters (for 11) at Govt. Civil Hosp. completed. Hosp. 
Ship "Hygeia" (since abolished) opened (Aug.). Leg. — The Patents 
Ord. (No. 2). 

1893. 

Pr. Ev. — Heavy fall in silver seriously affected public expenditure 
and new 3-|- % loan of £200,000 raised for carrying out certain public 
works. School lor girls on site of former Central School, with accom- 
modation for 608, presented by Mr. E. R. Belilios, taken over by Govt. 
The Po Leung Kuk, a Chinese institution for the protection of women 
and children, formed in 1878, incorporated. VoKinteers organized as a 
field battery and machine gun company. Waglan Lightho. completed 
by Chinese Govt. ; light exliibited 9/5. Exchange averaged 2/8^ for the 
year and stood at 2/3 on December 30th. Leg. — Yolunteer Ord. 
(No. 4) superseded Ord. of 1882. Netliersole Hosp. (London Missionary 
Society) for Chinese women opened (5/9). 

1894. 

Pr. Ev. — Some trouble caused by clan fight in March. First out- 
break of bubonic plague, at its height between May and July, produced 
temporary exodus, estimated at 100,000, and great interference to trade. 



— 18 — 

War between China and Japan, declared 1/8, for a time partially paral}'- 
zed Chinese markets. Cateri^illar plagne injured pine tree plantations. 
Typhoon of 5/10 did some damage in harbour. £140,000 of the 188G 
4i% loan of £200,000 converted to 3^% at cost of £1,800 and balance of 
£60,000 redeemed from sinking fund ; total loan ncm- £341,800 of 
"iyjo stock. Hong Kong-Labuan (Borneo)-Singapore cable opened for 
traffic 4/5. Exchange averaged 2,2 for the year and stood at 2'- on 
December 31st. P. W. — Nevsr Slaughter Houses provided at Kennedy 
Town, Roads laid out in E. of Kowloon. 

1895. 

Pr. Ev. — Strike as protest against new lodging house regulations 
lasted from 23/3 to 4/4 ; on 27/3 over 20,000 coolies out. Tr. & Ind. 
— New British dollar introdiiced. General improvement in local stocks 
and undertakings. Opium Farm let for 3 years at $296,000 p. a. Ex- 
change averaged 2;0f for the year and stood at 2;lf on December 31st. 
P. W. — Resumption of insanitary properties at Tai Ping Shan com- 
pleted. Central Market (138 shops and 150 stalls), commenced 1890, and 
Gaol extension (155 cells, etc.), commenced 1893, completed. Additional 
4,400,000 gallons impounded at Pokfulam for City Waterworks ; total 
capacity of storage reservoirs now 382,730,000 gallons. At Ivowloon 
original waterworks to supply 250,000 gallons a day from 3 wells N. of 
Yau Ma Ti opened, Macdonnell Road extended to N., Cattle Depot (112 
head) built at Hung Hom, and Signalling Station established at Black- 
head's Hill. Leg. — The Private Vehicles Licensing Ord. (No. 5). 

1896. 

Pr. Ev.— In second plague epidemic 8 Europeans died but dis- 
location of business much less than in 1894. Commission appointed 
to report on insanitary dwellings. Military contribution of Colony fixed 
at yi\°lo of gross revenue exclusive of capital expenditure on works and 
buildings. Typhoon of 29/7 caused considerable damage to property. 
Tr. & Ind. — Unprofitable year for trade, importations except of flour and 
kerosine oil being on limited scale and sales generally unsatisfactory. 
Exchange averaged 2/2^ for the year and stood at 2/l-('e on December 
30th. P. W.— Streets laid out at Tai Kok Tsui. Leg.— Additional 
Royal Instructions of 7/7 substituted 0. C. Troops for Ch. Justice on Leg. 
Council and increased number of Unof&cial Members from 5 to 6. British 
North Borneo Extradition Ord. (No. 1) passed. Factors Ord. (No. 3) 
and Sale of Goods Ord. (No. 4) introduced mutatis mutandis provisions 
of English Acts. 

1897. 

Pr. Ev. — Area at Causeway Bay set apart as Queen's Recreation 
Ground. Tr. & Ind. — Trade on the whole unsatisfactory and adversely 
affected by fluctuations in exchange and scarcity of monej'. Exchange 
averaged 2 Of for the year and stood at l/llji on December 31st. P. W. — 
For City Waterworks Tytam dam raised to impound additional 94,670,000 
galls. ; total capacity of storage reservoirs now 477,400,000 galls. 
Maternity Hosp. provided at Govt. Civil Hosp. Leg. — Partnership Ord. 
(No. 1) on lines of U. K. Act, Probate Ord. (No. 2), Protection of 
Women and Girls Ord. (No. 4) and Vagrancy Ord. (No. 9). 



— 19 — 

1898. 

A'lnjor-General Wilsone Black, G.B., administered from 
2.2.1898 to 24.11.1898. 

Pr. Ev. — Pennj- post established. By convention between U. K. and 
C'liiua, signed at Peking on 9/6, area on the mainland S. of line joining 
Deep Bay with Mirs Bay (270 sq. m.) together with Lantao and other 
islands (90 sq. m.) leased to Great Britain for 99 years ; this area 
designated The New Territories. Tr. & Ind. — West River opened for 
trade on 3/6 and regular communication established but interfered with 
bj- piracy. Import trade of Colony improved particularly in rice and 
coal. Opium Farm let for 3 vears at $372,000 p. a. Exchange averaged 
llO^r for the year and stood at 1/llA on December 31st. P. W.— 1893 
loan fully expended. Tai Ping Shan improvement scheme completed. 
Barker Road (5,660 ft. long) and Chamberlain Road (2,340 ft. long) 
opened on Peak. Tai Kok Tsui Market (32 stalls) erected. Leg'. — Re- 
gistration of Trade Marks Ord. (No. 6) and Liquor Licences Ord. 
(No. 8). 

1899. 

Goi-ernor Sir Renrij Arthur Blake, K. CM. G., {25.11.1898 to 21.11.1903). 

Pr. Ev. — New Territories taken over by hoisting British flag at Tai 
Po on 16/4 ; on account of opposition including attack on Br. Troops by 
some 2,600 Chinese on 19/4, in which Chinese aiithorities were believed 
to have connived, Sliam Chun City beyond new boundary occupied 
from 16/5 to 13/11. 2 machine gun, 1 infantry and 1 engineer companies 
added to Volunteers. Tr. & Ind. — Hongkong Cotton Spining, Weaving 
& Dyeing Co. started operations (1 6). Green Island Cement Co. pre- 
\iously at Macao commenced manufacture at Hok Un near Kowloon for 
local use and export. Sugar refineries did well. Exchange averaged 
1/111- for the year and stood at 1/11 rr, on December 27th. P. W. — Lay- 
ing out of streets at Mong Kok Tsui, N. of Yau Ma Ti, begun. Wong Nei 
Cheong Reservoir (33,994,000 galls.) completed for City Waterworks ; 
total capacity of storage reserA'oirs now 511,394,000 galls. Leg. — N. T. 
Exemption of Laws and Regulation Ords. (Nos, 6 and 8) for administering 
N.T., Prisons Ord. (No. 4), Criminal Procedure Ord. (No. 9), Merchant 
Shipping Ord. (No, 10) supjjlementary to English Acts, and an Ord., 
afterwards superseded, for sanitary regulation of buildings. 

1900, 

Pr. Ev. — H. K. served as Br. base during Boxer troubles in the 
North. In typhoon of 9/11 H.M.S. "Sandpiper", 10 launches and over 
110 junks sunk and over 200 lives lost in 3 hours. Soldiers' Club 
opened (14/4). Tr. & Ind.— Chinese Customs placed difficulties in 
way of river steamers trading with West River Ports. Output of granite 
frcni Shau Ki Wan and Kowloon quarries estimated at $45,000 and 
$80,000 respectively. Cotton Spinning Co. experienced difficulties on 
account of labour supply. Exchange averaged 2|4'099 for the year and 
stood at 2/1 ,y on December 31st. , P. W.— Blake Pier (200' X 40') 
built. City Disinfecting Stn. completed. Signalling Station established 
on Green Island, and Waglaa connected by cable with H.K. Wong Nei 



— 20 — 



Cheong Recreation Ground extended. Police Stations erected at Tai Po, 
Slia Tan Tok, Au fan and Ping Slian in N. T. and connected by 
telephone. Leg.— N. T. Extension of Laws and Land Court Ords. 
(Nos. 4 and 8) for administering N. T., P. 0. Ord. (No. 6), and 
and Police Force Ord. (Xo. 11). New. Edition of tlie Statute Laws 
of the Colony put in hand by Sir J. Carrington. 



1901. 

Pr. Ev. — Census taken. Plague mortality higher than in any year 
since 1894 and S. of S. petitioned to send out Sanitary experts to 
investigate. Tr. & Ind. — Lnport trade depressed. Cotton Spinning 
Co. wrote down shares and brought in fresh capital. Opium Farm let 
for 3 years at $750,000 p.a. Exchange averaged 1/11'4005 for the year 
and stood at l/lOi'',; on December Slst. P. W. — Associated converted 
into single cells and new block (78 cells) constructed at Gaol. Police 
Station erected at Sai Kung in N. T. Leg.— Defence Contribution Ord. 
(Xo. 1) raised annual military contribution of Colony from 17 1% to 20% 
(if gross revenue. Code of Civil Procedure (Xo. 3) regulated procedure 
in Supreme Court. Another Ord., afterwards superseded, was passed for 
sanitary regulation of bixildings. Trustees Ord. (No. 5) and Fine Arts 
Copyright Ord. (No. 18) were on lines of U. K. Acts. Rating Ord. (No. G) 
left rates at Victoria at 13% and raised them to 10|-% at tlie Peak, 12^°/a 
at Kowloon and 7 to 10^% at other places. 



1902. 

Major- General Sir W J. Gaseoigne, K.C.M.G., administered 
from 4.1.1902 to S.9.1902. 

Pr. Ev. — Mr. 0. CiiADWic'K & Prof. Simpson reported on Sanitation 
rif Colony. Committee on Education made various recommendations 
including more instruction in Chinese. Penny letter postage extended 
to Br. Agencies in China. Volunteer Corps re-organized into 2 Artillery 
and 1 Engineer Co. Tr. & Ind. — Manufacture o"f rattan furniture for 
export started on large scale by American firm. Cotton spinning did 
better than in previous years, siigar refining worse. "Skphange a^'e^aged 
186724 for the year and stood at 1;7,V on December olst. P. W. — 
Governor's new Peak Residence completed. New quarters provided 
for gaol staff (fi married and 40 single Europeans and 56 Indians). 
Police Stations erected in Victoria (No. 7), at Sheung Shui in N. T., and 
at Tai in Lantao. New Kowloon Water Works commenced (ApL), 
L.ea:. — Four Ord.s dealt with land in X. T. Water-works Consolidation 
(.)rd. had for its object economizing of water. 



1903. 

Pr. Ev. — Xe\v Education Code made grants dependent on results 
of inspection and not of annual examinations. New Aving of Tung Wa 
Hospital opened. Letters to Europe first sent by Siberian Railway 
(13/10). Tr. & Ind. — Brussels '^Sugar Convention coming into effect 



- 21 - 

1/9 improved condition of sugar refilling industry. High price of raw 
cotton prejudicially affected cotton spinning. Exchange averaged 
1/85243 for the year and stood at 1'8{^ on December Slst. P. W. — 
Victoria Hosp. for women and children (44 beds) on Peak and 16 ft. 
road from Kennedy Town to Aberdeen (5 m.) handed over by Jubilee 
Committee. Ladder Street Resumption Scheme completed. 1st public 
bath-house (40 baths) opened at Wanchai. Conduit Road (2,900 ft. 
long) opened. N. T. Survey completed. New Government Offices com- 
menced (June). Foundation Stone of the New Law Courts laid (12/11). 
Leg. — The I'ublic Health and Buildings Ord. (No. 1) superseded all 
former Ord.s dealing with this matter and made extensive and minute 
provision for improving health of Colony. Waterworks Urd. (No. 16) 
repealed Ord. of previous year and made other provisions for economiz- 
ing water supply. Four Ord.s dealt with land in N. T. 

1904. 

Mr. F. n. May, G.M.G., administered from 22.11.1903 to 28.7.1904. 

Pr. Ev. — Outbreak of war between Russia and Japan (8 2) brought 
influx of colliers, etc. and decrease of foreign ships. Speculation resulted 
in heavy losses among Chinese. Attempt to start emigration of indentured 
labourers to S. Africa failed owing to local opposing interests and was 
abandoned after shipment of 1,746. Land Court determined 354,277 
claims to land in N. T., where there was evidence of increasing 
prosperity. Mounted troop added to Volunteers and Vol. Reserve 
Association established. Tr. & Ind — Cotton spinning did badly at 
commencement but better at end of year. Sugar industry brought large 
profits to refineries. Opium Fann let for 3 years at $2,200,000 p.a, 
reduced to $2,040,000 p.a. from 1/11. 3' fi" El. Tramway from Kennedy 
Town to Shau Ki Wan (9| m. ) opened for traffic. Exchange averaged 
1/'100717() for the year and stood at 1/11| on December 31st. 
P. W. — Praya Reclamation completed. Tytam Byewash Reservoir added 
26,301,000 galls, to storage for City Waterworks ; total capacity of storage 
reservoirs now 537,695,000 galls. Kennedy Town Cattle Depot extended 
to hold 1,241 head. 2nd public bath-house (38 baths) opened at Tai 
Ping Shan. Gascoigne Road at Kowloon and 14 ft. road to Tai Po 
(l6 m.) in N. T. completed. New Rifle Ranges provided behind Kowloon 
City. Leg. — Su^r Convention Ord. (No. 14) forbad importation of 
bohnty fed sugar. Pilots Ord. (No. 3) provided for exam, and licensing 
of Pilots. Hill Difet. Reservation Ord. (No. 4) reserved residential area 
at the Peak. 

1905. 

Offoernor Sir Matthew Nathan, K.G.M.G., 29.7.1904 to 20.4.1907. 

Pr. Ev. — Russo-Japanese war and esjiecially proximity of Russian 
fleet (April-May) and subsequent sinking of Br. S.S. "Oldhamia" (18/5) 
and " St. Kilda " (4/6) gave rise at H.K. to various questions as to duties 
and rights of neutrals. Before signature of armistice on 1/9 shipping 
tended to return to normal conditions. Govt, of H.K. on 2/10 lent the 
Hu Kwang Viceroy £1,100,000 repayable in 10 annual instalments for 
redemption of Canton-Haniow Railj'. concession. Unsuccessful negotia- 
tions carried on through year in connection with. Ch. section of Ca,uton.- 



— 22 - 

Kowloon Railway. Parcel post arrangement with Germany came into 
force (lj'6) and postage to Australia reduced (15/7). Revised rent roll 
introduced in N. T. Anglo-Chinese Govt. School opened at Aberdeen. 
Tr. & Ind. — Trade adversely affected by over-speculation in 1904, by 
fluctuations in exchange, by boycott of American goods as protest against 
U. S. A. exclusion law and by retluction of Br. fleet in China. Imports 
to and exports from China fell ofE. Sugar refineries, Cotton Spinning Co. 
and cement and rope factories did good business. There was falling olf in 
repairing and docking ships. Exchange averaged 1/11'2335 for the year 
and stood at 2 0| on December 30th. P. W. — Preliminary Survey of 
Br. section of Canton-Kowloon Railway carried out, route selected and 
land partly resumed. Construction was commenced under P.W.D. at the 
latter end of the year. 1st order light from Cape D'Aguilar transferred to 
new tower at Green Is. "Disinfecting Stn. at Kowloon, Mong Kok Tsui 
Market (40 stalls) and Yau Ma Ti District School (for 200 scholars) 
completed. Resumption scheme finished at Kau U Fong (27,156 sq. ft.) 
and commenced at Mee Lun Lane. 900 ft. Robinson and Gascoigne Soiith 
roads extended. Leg'. — 12 (including 4 financial and 6 amending) Ords. 
passed of which most important were N. T. Land Ords. (Nos. 3 & 9) for 
facilitating land transfers and settling land disputes. 



1908. 

Mi: F. H. May, C.M.G., administered from 15.13.1906 to 23.1.1907. 

Pr. Ev. — Commission appointed to enquire into administration of 
Sanitary Laws (28/4). The construction of the Kowloon-Canton Railway- 
(British Section) was taken over by the Construction Staff apjiointed by 
Consulting Engineers in May. The Beacon Hill tunnel was commenced, 
South face (15/9) North face (1/12). Piracy of British Steamer " Saiuam " 
on West River, British Missionary killed (13/8). Severe typhoon (18;9), 
15 European including Protestant Bishop and some 10,000 Chinese 
drowned, 2,413 Chinese craft reported lost, 141 European vessels and 
launches foundered or badly damaged. British Steamer "Hankow" burnt 
at wharf, 111 lives lost (14/10). Census taken (6/11). Kowloon-Canton 
Railway Final Loan Agreement signed (10/11). Tr. & Ind. — General 
depression in trade ; heavy losses through fall in price of Indian yarn ; 
shares in local undertakings much depreciated in value. Increased 
importation of Australian flour. Iron mining started and a large Flour 
Mill opened in the New Territories. Exchange averaged 2/l'70C-J: for the 
year and stood at 2/3 1% on December 29th. P. W. — Harbour Ofiice, 
Western Market, Bacteriological Institute, Volunteers' Headquarters, 
Taipo Quarters, and Gunpowder Depot completed. Considerable progress 
made with Kowloon roads and extension of Conduit Road in Victoria ; 
Mee Lun Lane resumption scheme well advanced ; new Kowloon Reservoir 
brought into use and rider main system completed. L8g. — 17 Ords. 
passed including Married Women's Property and Criminal Evidence 
Ords. (Nos. 5 & 14) designed to bring local law into line with English 
statutes. 



- 23 — 

1907. 

(iovernor Sir Frederick John l)ealtry Lui/ard, K.C.M.d ., C.IL, 
D.S.O., 29.7 J 907". 

(Mr. F. FI. May, C.M.G.. admwistereil from 21.-1.1907 to 28.7.1907.) 

Pr. Ev. — Commission appointed to enquire into administration of 
Sanitary Luvvs reported (19/3). Claim for compensation, on account 
of lives lost in " Sainam " piracy, settled. Surrey of Chinese Section 
of the Kovvloon-Canton Railway commenced. H.R.H. the Duke of 
Connanght accompanied by H-.R.H. the Duchess of Connaught and 
Princess Patricia of Connaught visited the Colony (6/2). Sir M. 
Nathan appointed Governor of Natal ; succeeded by Sir F. J.t). Lugard, 
who was appointed 1 :") and arrived in Colony 29/7. Tr. & Ind. — Con- 
tinued depression of trade accentuated towards the end of the year by 
world-wide restriction of commerce following upon financial crisis in 
America. Shipping in particular suffered. The local sugar industry 
held its own but shares in the majority of local undertakings further 
depreciated in value. A project to start a Brewery made headway. 
Development of iron mining in N. T. arrested. Tin smelting increased. 
Assessment made in July for year 1907-8 showed that rateable value 
for wdiole Colony had decreased by 2'.52° „. Opium Farm let for 3 
years at |1, 452, 000 p. a. Loss and inconvenience caused by deprecia- 
tion of subsidiary currency and over-issue of sub. coin by the Canton 
Mint. Exchange averaged 2;! '8499 for the year and stood at 1/9 }g- on 
December 31st. P. W.— The Tytam Tuk Waterworks (1st Section) 
were practically completed affording a further permanent storage of 
195,914,000 gallons and of 210,370,000 with movable weir added. A 
Mortuary at Kowdoon and a Market of 68 stalls at Quarry Bay were 
completed, also tlu; extensions to Conduit Road East and West, the first 
extension of the Kowloon City Road towards Customs House Pass and 
a further extension of Robinson Road Northwards. The Mee Lun 
Lane resumption scheme was also finished. Leg. — 16 Ords. (5 amend- 
ment) passed ; Hongkong College of Medicine incorporated ; H.K. & 
S. Bank authorized to increase its capital from ten to twenty million 
dollars and to continue incorporated for a further term of 21 years ; Life 
Insurance Companies Ord. passed. 

1908. 

Pr. Ev. — Mr. H. N. Mody offered to present Colony with build- 
ings necessary for a University : Committee formed to promote the 
undertaking and collect endowment fund. Instructions received from 
H.M. Grovernment that all opium divans in Colony must be closed. 
Disastrous Typhoon on the night of 27th to 28th July. Riot in town of 
Victoria on 1st and 2nd November in connection with boycott of 
Japanese goods by the Cantonese. Tr. & Ind. — Money plentiful owing 
to lack of remunerative employment. No sign of revival in the real 
estate market. Import business on the whole showed some improvement 
on the preceding years in s])ite of the downward tendency of exchange 
and the growing tendency of trade to go direct to Canton. The sugar 
refining industry showed better results. The Cotton Mill had a poor 
year. The shipping industry shared in a world wide depression in the 



— 24 — 

Ciirrying trade, and this was reflected locally in a marked falling off in 
the business of the Dock Company. All export business and especmlly 
silk suiTei-ed as a vesxilt of the great financial crisis in America. Loss 
by depreciation of subsidiary curreucj- continued ; the Government 
Withdrew from circulation and demonetized $780,000 of subsidiary silver 
coin and ^I'OjOOOof bronze coin. Exchange averaged 1 9-H727 for the 
year and stood at l/S}^- on December 31st. P. W. — The new Time 
I3all Tower was completed and brought into use. A section of the new- 
Land Office at Tai Po was completed for th(- use of the Assistant Land 
Officer. The new Slaughter Houses and Animal Depot at Ma Tau Kok, 
Kowloon, were completed and brought into use. The extension of 
r.W.D. Offices was carried out. Wanchai School was extended and its 
accommoda'tion practically doubled. Saiyiugpun School was also en- 
larged by the erection of an additional storey. The Quarters at the 
Victoria School had another storey added. The European Quarters in 
Mount Gough Police Station were considerably enlarged. The Transvaal 
Coolie Emigration Depot was purchased, for a Quarantine Station and 
buildings etc. put in order. Staff Quarters in Government Civil Hospital 
were extended. Obelisk at Kowloon in memory of the French sailors 
drowned in Typhoon 1906 was unveiled. 12 New Fire Alarms were 
installed in Citv. Nathan Road was extended from Market Street to 
Kowloon Farm Lot No. 2. In New Territories the Kowloon City Koad 
was extended from its point of intersection with the Military Roads to 
its point of bifurcation to (Customs Pass and C'hin Lan Chun Village. 
Blake Pier Permanent Shelter was completed. New Service Reservoir 
at West Point was completed : capacity 448,000 gallons ; also a new IS" 
rising main to Peak. Leg". — 22 Ordinances (9 amendment) passed : 
the principal matters dealt with were — 'public health and buildings, fire 
insurance companies, foreign corporations, breweries, chemists and 
druggists, and theatres. Public Health and Buildings bill passed after 
much debate and permanent Head of Sanitary De[)t. created (result oC 
( 'ommission). Chinese Emigration Ordinance 1889 amended and 
"assisted emigrants" recognised, affording additional protection and 
safeguards. Small Debts Court instituted in N.T., and Widows' and 
Orphans' Pension Fund transferred to Hongkong Goverumeat. 

1909. 

Pr. Ev. — International Opium Conference at Shanghai (Feb.). 26 
opium divans in H.K. closed (1,3). The headings from each end of 
Beacon Hill tunnel met (17/5). Opium Ordinances amended and con- 
solidated in accordance with the resolutions of the Shanghai Conference, 
additional restrictions and safeguards being imposed in respect of 
morphine, compounds of opiums and cocaine (1/9). Duties imposed 
on intoxicating liquors (17 9). Very severe typhoon (19-20/10). Con- 
ference held in H.K. between Portuguese and Chinese Commissioners 
for delimitation of boundaries of Macao (June-Nov.). Total endow- 
ment fund of proposed H.K. Universitv amounted at close of year to 
,S533,496 exclusive of $718,614 promised. Tr. & Ind.— The local 
money market was easy throughout the year. Real estate showed faint 
signs of revival. In imports a large business was done. Exports were 
active; silk in good demand. The sugar refining industry prospered. 



- 25 — 

Shipping showed a »\ig\\t impro\ement on the previous year, but this 
was not reflected in the local docking industries which suffered from 
insufficient work. Loss by depreciation of subsidiary currency con- 
tinued : the Govt, withdrew from circulation and demonetized $779,712 
of subsidiary silver coin and |40,646 of bronze coin. Exchange averaged 
1,9-0601 for the year and stood at 1,9,"« on Dec. .'Jlst. P. W.— The 
old stables adjoining the Government Offices were extended and raised 
to render the upper storey available and so provide additional accom- 
modation for the staff of the Public Works Department. A bungalow 
on the mainland at Tai Po for the Assistant District Officer was com- 
pleted. A staircase from the ball-room to the grounds of Government 
House was constructed. A road from Ma Tau Kok to Tai Shek Ku was 
completed ; the level of Des Vcx?ux Road, Kowloon, (re-named Ohathain 
Road), was raised ; and arrangements were made for the construction of 
a new road traversing Marine Lot 29 from Queen's Road East to Praya 
East. The old fish pond at Tai Wo Shi (X.T.) was filled in. The 
Albany Filter Beds were reconstructed and extended, and the filtering 
area increased from 3,246 to 4,945 square yards. Extensive resumptions 
of land at Kowloon Point were effected with a view to providing a site 
for the terminal station of the Kowloon-Canton Railway. Public 
latrines were constructed at Tai Kok Tsui, in Chuk Hing Tiane, at 
Wongneichong Village and adjoining Kennedy Road to the westward 
of the Peak Tramway. Ping Shan — Shataukok Road surveyed and jjart 
constructed. Leg". — 40 Ordinances (32 amendment) passed: the prin- 
cipal matters dealt with were — opium, liquor, trade marks, railwavs, 
and the construction of a harbour of refuge at Mongkoktsui. 

1910. 

(Sir F. li. May, K.C.M.G., administered from 30.4.10 to 31.10.10.) 
Pr. Ev.— All opium divans in H.K. and the N.T. closed (13). 
Opium Farm let for 3 years at $1,183,200 p.a. (1/3). PI.B.M.'s Govern- 
ment make the Colony a grant of £9,000 for the year 1910 on account 
of loss of opium revenue. Foundation stone of H.K. University laid 
by Sir F. D. Lugard (1(3 3). Endowment fund of University stood at 
§1,239,828 (exclusive of $96,460 promised) on 31st Dec. Considerable 
scarcity of water owing to dryness of the season, but heavy rains in June 
removed anxiety. Plague cases decreased to 25, the lowest since 1897. 
Trouble at Macao with pirates on Colowan Island : Portuguese troops 
and gunboats engaged : many pirates escaped, some afterwards arrested 
at Cheung Chau Island in the N.T. (July). British Section, Kowloon- 
Canton Railway, opened by Sir Henry May (1/10). Portuguese 
Republic proclaimed in Macao (10/10). Tr. & Ind. — The local money 
market was easy during the first 6 months of the year, but afterwards 
inclined to be tight, owing probably to the fall in rubber stocks. 
Financial crisis in Shanghai caused by rubber boom ; many banks 
failed (Aug./Sept.). In imports of raw sugar there was a heavy falling 
off due mainly to producers in Java seudin_g direct to Northern markets 
without trans-shipment in H.K. There was also a falling off in import 
and export of raw opium due partly to an additional, tax on opium 
imposed, contrary to treaty, by the (Canton Government. Compounds 
of opium including morphine also declined due to restrictive legislation 



— 26 — 

!)y Government. The year was fair generally for merchants and 
manufacturers: yarn,' piece-^oods, and tin did well. The number 
and tonnage of ships entering and clearing in the Colony was the largest 
yet recorded, being 54.5,177 vessels of 30,441,496 tons, an increase as 
compared with 1909 of 17,897 vessels and 1,610,651 tons. There was a 
considerable improvement in the industry of docking steamers in H.K. : 
during the latter part of the year the industry gained a considerable 
impetus, which has since been maintained. Subsidiary currency 
remained at a discount: the Government withdrew from circulation 
and demonetized |5, 272, 012. 25 (face value) of .silver sub-coin and 
$255,446.79 (face value) of copper coin. Exchange averaged 1'9"60216 
for the year and stood at 1/10 on !51st Dec. P. W. — A new block con- 
taining 78 cells was constructed in Victoria Goal. An extension of th(! 
Laud Office at Tai Po for the accommodation of the District Officer was 
completed. A small slaughter- house for Shaukiwan District was built at 
Sai Wan Ho. Argyle Street, Kowloon, was extended eastwards as far 
as the Railway to afford access to Yaumati Station and the diversion and 
alteration of Chatham and Gascoigne Roads on account of the construc- 
tion of the Railway were completed. In the N. T. the road from Castle 
Peak Bay was completed as far as Un Long and the extension from San 
Tin Village to Au Ha Gap was well advanced. The large nullah west of 
the University site was trained. Ferro-coucrete piers at Kowloon City 
and at the Gunpowder Depot, Green Island, were completed. Causeway 
Bay was deepened to 1 foot below low water. The Kowloon Water 
Works Gravitation Scheme, begun in 1902, was completed. A 12" 
main for conveying Tytam Water to the Western district of the City 
was laid in Caine Road. The sites of several houses which had collapsed 
in Morrison Street were acquired in connection with the re-construc- 
tion of the Old ^V'estern Market and further extensive areas were 
resumed at Kowloon Point to [jrovide a site for the terminus of the 
Railway. Leg. — 34 Ordinances (21 amendment) passed : Ordinances 
relating to the N.T. consolidated : the principal other matters dealt with 
were — copyright, crown suits, lepers, mjdwives, oaths, and volunteer 
reserve. 



1841 



1842 



1843 



1844 



1845 



1846 



IS 17 



1H4M 



\Hi<j 



1850 



TRADE. 


FINANCE. 


POPULATION. 


PUBLIC 
HEALTH. 


PHE 
INSTRL 

NO. OF 
SCHOOLS. 


Lie 
rCTION. 


j PUBLIC ORDER. 


EMEt ED. 


TONNAGE. 


REVENUE. 


EXPENDI- 
TURE. 


MILITARY 
EXPENDI- 
TURE. 


PERCENTAGE OF EXPENDITURE DEVOTOED TO 


REVENUE 

DERIVED 

FROM 

RATES. 


NON- 
CHINESE. 


CHINESE. 


TOTAL. 


DEATH-RATE PER 

1,000 EUROPEAN 

AND AMERICAN 

RESIDENTS. 


TOTAL 


NO. OF 
i PRISONERS 


POLICE 1 


Non- General 
effective Adminis- 
Charges. tration. 


[...,. 


Public 
Order. 


Public 
Works. 




Public 
Health. 


rublic 
Instruc- 
tion. 


ATTENDANCE, j IN G.AOL ON 


§ s. 


.2 

'•3 


C 


Local. 


Imperial. 




31ST DEC. 






£ 


£ 


£ 


... 


... 




■ 


... 


... 


£ 


... 


5,650 
12,361 


... 





... 


1 


... 




538 


189,257 


9,535 54,234 


5.8,108 


... 
152,343 


... 


24.38 


1.64 


2.40 


21.41 


50.17 


... 


454 


19,009 


19,463 




5 


117 


92 




78 34 48 
160 


63,769 


672 


226,998 


22,242 52,545 

I 1 


72,841 


143,100 


... 


26.22 


1.23 




etc 1 rv 


45.32 


529 


1,043 


23,114 


24,157 


.545 


4 


100 


108 


74 62 9 
165 


74,787 


i 
1 


675 1 


229,255 


27,047 
54,: 


29,223 


60,351 


141,781 




29.34 


1.16 


1.26 


32.44 


35.80 


1,575 


1,386 


20,449 


21,835 


.757 


4 - 


102 


128 


67 67 


24 


270 


158 




(tin 


229,465 


31,079 18,394 

> ,. ' 

40,473 


50,96:) 


115,149 


... 


29.38 


1.51 


1.32 


33.27 


34.52 


2,240 


1,406 


22,466 


23,872 


.358 


4 


118 


181 


50 81 24 


155 


70) 


228,818 


25,072 40,302 


62,309 


80,778 


... 


27.55 


1.46 


1.32 


29.33 


40.34 


2,576 


1,502 


22,496 


23,998 


1.298 


6 


146 


135 


44 144 24 
212 


65,374 


!I02 ' 


293,465 


23,617 


11,910 

)27 


38,986 


75,943 


.57 


40.97 


3.11 


2.04 


37.55 


15.76 


3,116 


1,210 


28,297 


29,507 


.648 


9 


223 


155 


29 80 24 
133 


35,^ 


)-(m3 


299,009 


1 
23,527 14,150 


34,314 


64,628 


38 


44 74 


3.16 


1.97 


41.64 


8.11 


2,812 


1,305 


31.987 


33,292 


1.011 


12 


227 


158 


30 80 24 

v.- _ 


37,677 








134 





1841 



1842 



1843 



1844 



1845 



— . ■ 1846 



1847 



1848 



1849 



1850 



— 2 — 



IHol 



1852 



18o3 



1854 



1855 



1856 



1857 



1858 



1859 



1860 





TRADE. 






FINANCE. 


CLIMATE. 


POPULATION. 


PUBLIC HE.'^LTH. 


PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 


P 


SHIPS ENTERED. 


EMI- 
GRANTS 
LEFT. 


REVENUE. 


EXPENDI- 
TURE. 


MILITARY 
EXPEN- 
DITURE. 


Percentage op expenditure devoted to 


REVENUE 

DERIVED 

I'ROM 

RATES. 


TEMPERATURE. 


1-1 


NON- 
OIIINBSE. 




TOTAL. 


DEATH-RATE PER 1,000 

EUROPEAN AND 

AMRRICAN RESIDENTS. 


NO, OF sonooL.s. 


TOTAL 


ATTENDANCE. 


AVE 


Number. 


Tonnage. 


Percentage 
of British 
Tonnage. 


Non- 
effective 
Charges 


General 

Admiuis- 
tiation. 


Public 
Health. 

1 


Public 
Instruc- 
tion. 


Public Public 
Order. Works. 

1 _ .. 


Maxi- 
mum. 


Mini- 
mum. 


CHINESE. 


Govern- 
ment. 


Mission. 


In 

fiovt. 
Schools, 


In 

Mission 
Schools, 


TOTAL. 


NO. O 

SOP 


Local. 1 Imperial. 


IN ( 


1,082 


377,084 






f 
23,721 20,154 

43,875 


34,115 


£ 

51,896 


.06 


43.72 


2.67 


2.68 


42.52 


8.35 


£ 

2,959 








Ins. 


1,520 


i 

31,46^ 


32,983 


1.035 


6 




1 


143 


154 I 297 

1 


1- 


1,097 


433,383 




... 


21,331 22,000 

^ ' 

43,331 


34,766 


50,393 


.05 


36.84 


3.09 


2.70 


39.58 


17.74 


2,326 


... 


... 


... 


1,541 


35,51? 


37,058 


,841 


6 


6 ; 


158 


158 


316 


1( 


1,103 


477,053 




... 


24,700 9,500 


?,6,419 


• 

50,346 


.14 


36.49 


2.78 


1.83 


39.60 


19.16 


2,705 


93 


43 


78.95 


1,481 


87,536 


39,017 


.942 


6 


4 


1 
155 


1 

92 


247 


1 ' 


34,200 




1,100 


413,354 


... 


... 


27,045 5,966 


34,635 


41,541 


.03 


33.89 


2.06 


3.17 


41.90 


18.95 


8,327 




... 


95.99 


1,643 


54,07 

1 


2 


55,715 


.679 


6 


1 
5 


134 


113 


247 


1. 


33,011 


1,736 


604,580 




14,683 


47,974 


40,814 


34,830 


1.21 


28.40 


1.50 


2.15 


39.02 


27.72 


3,917 


89 


49 


109.55 


1,956 


70,65 


1 


72,607 


... 


8 


3 


185 


139 


324 


2 

(31st 


2,091 


811,307 


... 


14,130 


35,500 


42,426 


39,823 


.15 


27.12 1.48 

i 
1 


2.36 


43.90 


24.99 


3,868 


91 


42 


119.42 


2,479 
Whites. 


69,25 
Colour 


1 


71,730 


1.050 


9 


5 


237 


126 


363 


2 

(Mich 


1,070 


541,063 




... 


58,842 


65,498 




.33 


26.03 1.23 


1.93 


38.10 


32.38 


7,377 


... 


... 


81.68 


1,411 


75,683 


77,094 


... 


... 




... 


... 


... 


3 


Entered 


^ Cleared. 














i 
















Non- 
Chinese. 


Ckineie. 


















1,975 


1,354,173 


54 


15,810 


62,476 


62,979 


239,814 


... 


24.71 i.87 


2.69 


37.82 


32.91 


13,281 


91 


50 


75.53 


1,462 


74,041 

I 


75,503 


.752 


16 


2 


608 


54 


662 


2 


2,179 


1,164,640 


42 


10,217 


65,225 


66,109 


267,468 


.54 


23.02 


4.03 


3.07 


39.76 


29.58 


14,047 


90.50 


47 


83.59 


1,661 


85,280 


86,941 


.678' 


20 


3 


977 


109 


1,086 


2 


2,888* 


1,555,645 


46 


15,183 


94,183 


72,391 




.79 


25.69 


4.79 


2.53 


35.08 


31.12 


16,573 




... 


59.72 


2,476 


92,411 


1 94,917 


,320 


21 


14 


1,001 


326 


1,327 


.. 


* Exclnsi 
Macao '. 


ve of Canton & 
liver Steamers. 








































t 
i 




UMic 



— 2 



KMI- 
(RANTS 
LEFT. 



14,683 



14,130 



15,«10 



10,217 



15,183 



RKVKNITE. 



Local. I Imperial. 



23,721 20,154 

43,875 
21,331 22,000 



43,331 
24,700 9,500 



34,200 
27,045 5,966 



33,011 



47,974 



35,500 



58,842 



62,476 



65,225 



94,183 





FINANCE 




CLIMATE. 


POPULATION. 


PUBLIC HEf\LTH. 

DEATH-RATE PER 1,000 

KUROl'KAN AND 

AMKUIUAN RESIDENTS. 


PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 


PUBLIC ORDER. | 


EXrKNDI- 

TlIIiE. 


MII.ITAKY 
EXl'EN- 
DITDliE. 


Pk.RCENTAGE "K EXI'ENDlTUh 


E HE VOTED TO 


UEVENDE 

DERIVED 

FltOM 

RATES. 


TEMPEl!.\TrRE. 


1-1 
<1 

< 


NON- 
CIIINESE. 


1 

CIIINMCSE. 


TOTAL. 


NO. OI' SCHOOLS. 


TOTAL ATTENDANCE. 


AVE RAG K 
NO. OF PRI- 
SONERS 
IN GAOL. 


POLICE. 


Non- 
efloctivo 
Charges 


General 

Admiiiis- 
t rill ion. 


Public 
Health. 


Pulilie 
Instruc- 
tion. 


Public Pulllic 
Order, Works. 

1 


Maxi- 
mum. 


Miui- 
miim. 


Govern- 
ment. 


1 
Mission. 


In 

Oovt. 
Schools. 


In 
Mission 
Schools. 


TOTAL. 


Strcnglb. 

. ? = i 

oS ,2 S 

w « o 


£ 

34,115 


£ 

51,896 


.06 


43.72 


2.67 


2.68 


42.52 


8.35 


£ 
2,959 





o 


Ins. 


1,520 


31,463 


32,983 


1.035 


6 


5 


143 


154 


297 


179 


i 

29 115 30 


34,766 


50,393 


.05 


36.84 


3.09 


2.70 


39.58 


17.74 


2,326 


*•■ 


... 


... 


1,541 


35,517 


37,058 


,841 


6 


1 

6 


158 


158 


316 


160 


31 89 13 
< 133 


86,419 


• 

50,346 


.14 


36.49 


2.78 


1.83 


39.60 


19.16 


2,705 


93 


43 


78.95 


1,481 


87,536 


39,017 


.942 


6 


4 


155 


92 


247 


138 


$1 89 13 
133 


34,635 


41,541 


.03 


33.89 


2.06 


3.17 


41.90 


18.95 


3,327 


... 


... 


95.99 


1,643 


54,072 


55,715 


.679 


6 


5 


134 


113 


247 


1 
155 


S9 66 38 
133 


40,814 


34,830 


1.21 


28.40 


1.50 


2.15 


39.02 


27.72 


3,917 


89 


49 


109.55 


1,956 


70,651 


72,607 


... 


8 


3 185 


139 


324 


214 
(Slst Dec.) 


?2 124 28 
i 184 


42,426 


39,823 


.15 


27.12 


1.48 


2.36 


43.90 


24.99 


3,868 


91 


42 


119.42 


2,479 


69,251 


71,730 


1.050 


9 


1 
5 ' 237 


126 


363 


243 


33 166 39 








i 


























\ 






^Michaelmas ) 


238 


























IVhitcs. 


Coloured 


















65,498 




.33 


26.03 


1.23 


1 .93 


38.10 


32.38 


7,377 


... 


... 


81.68 


1,411 


75,683 


77,094 




... 


... 




... 




321 


••• 


62,979 


239,814 


... 


24.71 


1.87 


j 
1 
i 

2.69 37.82 

I 


32.91 


13,281 


91 


50 


76.53 


Non- 
Chinese. 

1,462 


Chinese. 
74,041 


75,503 


.752 


16 


2 


608 


54 


662 


266 


33 166 49 
248 


66,109 


267,463 


.54 


23.02 


4.03 


3.07 


39.76 


29.58 


14,047 


90.50 


47 


83.59 


1,661 


1 
85,280 


86,941 


.678 


20 


3 


977 


109 


1,086 


239 


^6 201 70 
307 


72,391 


... 


.79 


25.69 


4.79 


2.53 


35.08 


31.12 


16,573 


... 


... 


59.72 


2,476 


! 

92,441 

. ii 

i 

ii 


94,917 


.320 


21 


14 


1,001. 

i 


326 


1,327 


360 

(Michaelmas.^ 


39 238 70 
347 



1851 



1852 



1853 



1854 



1855 



1856 



1857 



1858 



1859 



1860 



TRADE 



snips CLEARED AND ENTlillKl). 



Niiiubor. 



2.545 



2,720 



3,657 



4,558 



4,415 



3,783 



4,879 



4,o;)5 



4,426 



4,791 



riM-ccntnfjo 
I .if Britisli 
rouungo. , 'I'oimngc. 



Total 



1,310,383 



1,806,881 



2.046,372 



2,134,164 



1,891,281 



2,376,320 



1,974,299 



2,256,049 



2,640,347 



44 



1,344,710 j 46 



52 



55 



60 



63 



62 



58 



62 



HSUliKATlON. 

LoU. I IvoturlKHl. 

t 
i 



12,810 



10,421 



7,S09 



6,607 



6,819 



5,115 



4,283 



8,704 



18,285 



12,992 



2,167 

7,.198 
7,19;5 
6,778 
6,026 
9,253 
9,866 



10,752 



16,203 



16,618 



FINANCE. 



PEliOKNIAclH OK EXniNlHTl'liK OKVOTl:'.! TO 



ltl-,\ I'.M'lv. 1 [Noli- CMioril 

'''^''"^- 'olTectivo v.ln.iiiis. 



jChfti-gos. ''•""""■ 



f 127,24 1£109,G;!2 

or ! (Il- 



lloallU, ,i,,„^ 



■2.39 L'0.67 I 2.91 



(i 10,758 



6;U,260 



526,234 



Tulilir 
OrcU«i-. 



1!\CHSS OK 
.VSSHiS OVlili 

i.iAini, iins l^-h'l 



iiMio l\,foiu'o. OK OK i.iAiin.nuis 



W'oi-Us. 



1.56 



27.78! 44.66 



t I 

587,6341 l.;i6 20.23 2.94 1 1.76 ! 33.68 ' •iO.O;! 



576,;}75 58(5,566 1.70 22.52 



637,846 



763,308 



8i3,444 937,805 



769,0771 936,955 



1.11 16 66 



1.01 22.84 



1.47 32.72 



859,404 730,917 2.16 85.71 



1,134,106 991,311 



923.653 



912,853 



1.69 2().19 

I 



1.82 29.72 



914,976 877,224 2.0S 



25.65 



1 1 

i 

2.60 


2.20 


1.86 


1.99 


2 68 


2.25 


i 

2.71 


3.34 



OVlili ASSETS ( - ) 



IJEVENUE 

nEElVKll l-'liOH 

KATES, 



1.84' 42.42 



1.53 30.42 



1.37 25.23 



1,28 



1.68 



26.82 



38.89 



1.46 27.43 



1.83 



2.16 



31.60 



29.77 



1 

1:8.92 


1 


48.05 




40.01 


7.68 


25.51 


10.21 


18.88 


... 


19.46 


21.52 


24.17 


9.95 


26.31 


10.69 



i 
+ ,)93,600 ; 15,756 



+ 475,439 19,096 

($85,057) 



+ 445,000 I 27,331 
+ 298,190 j 25,519 
+ 184,107 I 37,024 



+ 24,606 j 42,564 



+ 25,851 



+ 137,365 



+ 123,031 



+ 154,117 



46,440 



EATKADLE 

VAI.l'E OE 

COLONY. 

? 

1,642,265 



1,755,077 



1,676,349 



C L I M A T ill 



TEJU'HUAI'l 1!E, 



Miixi- 
mmu. 



90 



92 



91 



90 



90 



Mini- I 
nuim, ! 



POPULAl'ION. PQBLIC HEALTH, 



88 



48 



42 



78. SG 
91.01 

SI. (11 

41 94.(18 



49 



93 45 



92 I 41 



42 



89 43 



90.5 



46 



56.n6 



77.49 



80.80 



88.04 



6,371 



j.607 



2,986 116,335 119,321 



3,034 1 120,477 



3,149 1 120,701 

I 



123,511 



124.850 



3,630' 117,868, 121.498 



4,007' 121,497 125,.=i04 



3,616 1 111,482 115,098 



3,636 



118,835 117,471 



No EsUmato made ot populatiou 



7,699 



8,754 



114,280 



115,444 



121,979 



124,198 



nBATIl-EAl'E PER 1,000. 



Eurojican & .\morican 

llosidonts. 



64.8 



22.4 



63.2 



55.5 



49.1 



35.0 



26.0 



19.0 



29.2 



31.0 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 



NO. OE SOllOOl.S, 



Oovorn 
moiit. 



20 



20 



16 



12 



12 



U 



11 



14 



17 



22 



Jlission 



20 



19 



22 



22 



16 



12 



15 



17 



14 



13 



TOTAL ATl'E.VDAXCE. 

In I In ! 
novt, IMi.ssion' Total, 
Schools, 8clwols, 



796 



889 



0( / 



392 



546 



623 



700 



916 



942 



1,302 



523 



443 



653 



759 



782 



616 



735 



1,319 



1,332 



1,230 



1,151 



1,328 



1,239 



1,435 



S27 1.748 



743 i 1.685 



701 I 2,003 







F 

PERCENTAGE OF 


inafge. 






CLIMATE- 


POPULAi'ioN. |pa 


BLIG HEALTH. 


PUBLIC : 


[NSTRUCTION. 


PUBLIC ORDElj, 


• 






EXPENDITURE DEVOTE TO 




EXCESS OF 

ASSETS OVER 

LIABILTIES ( + ) 

OR OF LIABILITIES 

OVER ASSETS ( - ). 


REVENUE 

DERIVED PROM 

BATES. 


TEMPERATURE . 


< 


1 

I 

1 

^°^- 1 CHINESE. 
CHINESE.] 


• DBATH-EATE PER 1,000. 


NO. OF 


SCHOOLS. 


TOTAL ATTENDANCE. 


CRIMINAL STATISTICS. 


P C L I U E . 

Strength. 


ENDI- 


Non- General 
effective Adjninis- 

Oharges. tration. 


! „ ... 1 


Public 
Works. 


Defence. 


Maxi- 
mum. 


Mini- 
mum. 


TOTAL. European & American 
Residents. 


Govern- 
ment. 


Mission. 


In 

Govt. 

Schools. 


In 
Mission Total. 
Schools. 


Daily Aver- 

ape Numbe.- 

of Prisonen. 

in Gaol. 


Persons 

convicted of 

Serious 

Offences. 


Persons 

convicted of 

Minor 

Offences. 


aEE. 


Public 
Health. 


rubiic ,., , ,. 
Instruc-! P'^'^'ic 
tion. i 0'''^«r- 

1 


it 


A j p 

.III 
" 1 a 
















$ 


£ 








Ins. 


j 

1 
























39,632 


] 










































r 


73 


297 80 


or 


V2.39 20.67 


2.94 


1.56 


27.78 


44.66 




+ 393,600 


15,756 


90 


48 


78.,S6 


2,986 


116,335 


119,321 


64.8 


20 


20 


796 


523 


1,319 


446 


1 


-— 


i^n 


26,234 


) 












! 






























1 




41 1285 90 


:i7,634 


1.36 20.23 


2.94 


1.76 


33.68 


40.03 




+ 475,439 


19,096 


92 


42 


91.01 


3,034 


120,477 


123,511 


22.4 


20 


19 


889 


443 


1,332 


558 




116 






' 














($85,057) 










































































<D 


46 


560 110 


:i6,566 


1.70 


22.52 


2.60 


1.84 


42.42 


28.92 


... 


+ 445,000 


27,331 


91 


55 


81.(31 


3,149 


120,701 


124,850 


63.2 


16 


22 


577 


653 


1,230 


533 


..0 

"a 

CD 


63 


516 
i74 144 


33,308 


1.14 


16.66 


2.20 


1.53 


30.42 


48.05 


... 


+ 298,190 


25,519 


90 


41 


94.03 


3,630 


117,868 


121,498 


55.5 


12 


22 


392 


759 


1,151 


447 


'2 


c 





581 



















































76 kg 165 


37,805 


1.01 


22.84 


1.86 


1.37 


25.23 


40.01 


7.68 


+ 184,107 


37,024 


90 


49 


56.36 


4,007 


121,497 


125,o04 


49.1 


12 


16 


546 


782 


1,328 


567 




69 


610 
525 165 


^6,955 


1.47 


32.72 


1.99 


1.28 


26.82 


25.51 


10.21 


+ 24,606 


42,564 


93 


45 


77.49 


3,616 


111,482 


115,098 


35.0 


11 


12 


623 


616 


1,239 


584 




84 


559 
!52 130 


30,917 


2.16 


35.71 


2.68 


1.68 


38.89 


18.88 


... 


, + 25,851 


46,440 


92 


41 


80.80 


3,636 


113,835 


117,471 


26.0 


11 


15 


700 


735 


1,435 


427 


L 


J566 






J 














EATBABLE 






































i 














VALUE OP 




















































COLONY. 

1,642,265 




























113 


328 192 


)1,311 


1.69 26.19 


2.25 


1.45 


27.43 


19.46 


21.52 


: + 137,365 


88 


42 


88.04 


No Estimate made of population. 


19.0 


1* 


17 


916 


827 


1,748 


529 


905 


2,941 


"— **^ 


633 


















- 












■ 




















114 


320 208 


12,853 


1.82 29.72 

i f 

1 


2.71 


1.83 


31.60 


24.17 


9.95 


+ 123,031 


1,755,077 


89 


43 


6,371 


7,699 


114,280 


121,979 


29.2 


17 


14 


942 


743 


1,685 


465 


604 


2,005 


120 


642 
'301 204 


■7,224 


2.03 


25.65 


3.34 


2.16 


29.77 


26.31 


10.69 


+ 154,117 


1,676,349 


90.5 


46 


5,607 


8,754 


115,444 


124,198 


31.0 


22 


13 


1,302 


701 


2,003 


481 


852 


3,231 




^25 



1861 



1862 



1863 



1864 



1865 



1866 



1 se- 



ises 



1869 



1870 



4 — 



T RADE. 



SHIPS CLEARED AND ENTERED. 



i Number. 



1877 



1878 



1879 



1880 



1871 



1872 6,099 



1878 4,675 



1874 4,356 



1875 5,201 



Total 

Toiiuacre. 



1876 5,751 4,359,616 



3,235,701 



3,795,566 



3,273,119 



3,034,036 



3,893,68" 



Percentage 
of r.iilish 
Tonnage. 



5,701 



6,131 



5,503 



6,775 



4,850,896 



5,209,437 



4,964,839 



5,078,868 



63 



EMIGRATION. 



Left. 



67 



68 



9,501 



27,721 



28.768 



31,865 



Returned. 



19,754 



23,773 



25,355 



32,319 



48,152 38,602 



72 46,350 



76 



74 



76 



74 



FINANCE, 



EXPENDI- 
TURE. 



39,741 



38,653 



33,529 



50,324 



42,390 



48,746 



47,882 



50,542 



51,011 



844,418 



921,807 



847,324 



854,800 



896,624 



885,309 



1,005,312 



947,638 



964,095 



1,069,948 



894,209 



885,698 



789,874 



921,480 



869,823 



902,500 



873,208 



910,528 



926,868 



PERCENTAGE OF EXPENDITURE DEVOTED ' O 



Non- 
effective 
Charges. 



General 
Adinini- 
.strati on. 



2.07 



2.33 



1.96 



2.09 



Public ' T^"'''''' Public 
Health, i I';^^™^- Order. 



24.30 



25.57 



26.73 



26.69 



1.72 25.70 4.13 



1.53 



1.57 



2.82 



2.78 



948,014 2.69 



4.04 



3.25 



4.03 



3.58 



2.1c 



2'45 



23.39 



25.20 



27.29 



27.99 



31.08 



4.35 



4.18 



4.72 



4.59 



5.41 



2.78 



2.56 



3.04 



2.85 



2.84 



3.41 



3.72 



3.84 



30.97 



35.54 



Pul lie 
Woi ks 



26.07 



19.94 



36.19 



29.66 



32.81 



31.50 



32.57 



30.71 



16.t.3 



25.02 



21. S5 



24.62 



22.C5 



19.55 



Defence. 



10.40 



10.87 



11.68 



EXCESS 01 ASSETS 
OVERLIAI ILITIES 

{+) ! OF 

I.IABILITI ;S OVER 

ASSETS (— ). 



-f 120,099 



+ 18 ",942 



+ 235,335 



RATEABLE 

VALUE OF 

COLONY. 



10.40 + 156,177 



32.06 17.02 



31.79 



14.08 



11.25 



11.76 



11.59 



11.50 



11.84 



11.11 



+ 192,493 



+ 134,297 



+ 810,103 1,732,186 



1,662,647 



1,620,979 



1,676,052 



1,682,057 



1,668,410 



1,657,871 



CLIMATE. 



TEMPERATURE. 



Maxi- 
imim. 



89 



+ 300,034 



+ 190,254 



+ 275,652 



1,764,662 



1,900,870 



2,095,460 



Mini- 
mum. 



POPULATION. I PUBLIC HEALTH, j PUBLIC INSTRl 



£ ! o 



e ; CHINESE. 



DEATH-RATE PER 1,000. 



NO. OF SCHOOLS. 



TOTAL, I Euro])ean 
S and 
I American 
! Residents. 



36 



89.5 43.5 



91 



90 



91 



90 



95 



95 



94 



95 



49 



47 



41 



37 



41 



38 



45 



39 



Ins. 
99.24 

62.92 



75.47 



84.98 



83.43 



103.55 



76.72 



84.40 



94.70 



111.57 



f No Estimate m ide of | 
\ population. ( 



6,421 



115,564 



30.3 



Chi- 
nese. 



Total. 



Govern- 
ment, 



121,985 25.0 



j NON- ' 

IChinesk.' 



19.4 



No 
records 
available, j i 

I. 



22.57 1 o 



No Estimate iuaJg of 
population. 



8,976 



130,168 



«( I 32.23 31.19 31.24 



139,144 



\ 28.18 ' 25.74 



2-1.43 28.39 



18.04 ' 27.41 



No Estimate made of 
population. 



25.87 



Ml 



J- 



28.18 ^ , 



18.7J 



. I 



30.35 



18. i; 33.11 



16.7] i 29.54 



26.81 



29.60 



yi 



32.14 J 5 

1 

28.71 '^i^" 



ilissic 



•26 



30 



30 

30 
80 



In , 
^Govt. |.M 
Schools.! Sc 



13 1,292 



12 



21 

17 
22 



NO. OF SCHOOLS. 



OoYorn- GniiH-in- 
njov.t. Ai^l. 



9 

11 



30 

30 

30 
30 

31 19 

I 
36 ! 27 



1,480 

1,838 

1,931 
1,927 



In GoTcrn- In 
mt"it i 



1,118 
1.192 



15 j 1,241 



1,130 



1,130 



1,212 








FI N A NGE. 


CLIMATE. POPULATION. PUBLIC HEALTH, 


PUBLIC 


INSTRUCTION. 




PUBLIC ORDER. 










PERCENTAGE OF EXPENDITURE DEVOTED '0 


EXCESS or ASSETS 




TEMPERATURE. 










DEATH-RATE PER 1,000. 




NO. OF SCHOOLS, 


TOTAL ATTENDANCE. 


CRIMINAL ST.VTISTICS. 


Publ 


c Strength. 


?ENUB. 


EXPENDI- 
TURE. 

1 




OVER LIAI ILITIES 

(+) ! OF 

LIABILITI ;S OVER 

ASSETS ( — ). 


RATEABLE 

VALUE OF 

COLONY. 






^^ 

i 
1 


?: 

E 

o 

O 


CHINESE. 


TOTAL, 
















! 




Non- 
effective 
Charges. 


General 
Adniini 

St ration 


„ , ,. ' Public 
,1"'; '•= Instruc 
"^^I'^-j tion. 


Pulilic 
" Order. 


Pul lie 
Woi ks. 

26.07 


! 

Defence 


Maxi- 
iTinm. 


Mini- 
mum. 


Fjuropean 

and 
American 
Residents 


Chi- 
nese. 


Total, 


Govern- 
mont. 


Mission. 


In 

Govt. 
Schools. 


.1" 

Mission 

Schools, 


Total. 


Unily Ai-crarc 

Numh !■ of 

rrisoii.r.«i iQ 

Gnii. 


Persons con- 

vicl:od of 

Serious 

Offences. 


Ter.'iona con- 
vict e*! of 

Minor 
Offences. 




_. 


i 


$ 

4,418 


$ 

894,209 


2.07 


i 
24,30 


4.04 


2.15 


30.97 


10.40 


$ 

-f 120,099 


1,662,647 


o 

89 


o 

36 


Ins. 
99.24 


fNo 


1 

Estimate mide of | 
population, ( 


30,3 1 


( ^° ) 


26 


13 


1,292 


755 


2,047 


496 


863 


3,707 


121263 260 
644 






































> records < 




• 
















I 






































I available. ) 




















132182 294 


1,80/ 


885,698 


2.33 


25.57 


3.25 


2-45 


35.54 


19.94 


10.87 


+ 18 ",942 


1,620,979 


89,5 


43.5 


62.92 


6,421 


115,564 


121,985 


25.0 

i 






30 


12 


1,480 


619 


2,099 


518 


• 994 


5,616 


603 


.. - 




Non- 




































Chines B 
























110 171 328 


7,824 


789,874 


1.96 


26.73 


4.03 


2.78 


36.19 


!6.(.3 


11.68 


+ 235,335 


1,676,052 


91 


49 


75.47 


1 


19.4 


... 


22,57 


o 
to 
-a 


30 


21 


1,838 


808 


2,646 


367 


948 


4,401 


609 


4,800 


921,480 


2.09 


26.69 


3.5y 


2.56 


29.66 


25.02 


10.40 


+ 156,177 


1,682,057 


90 


47 


84.98 


No Estimate m:ide of 
population. 


1 

32.23 

J 


31.19 


31.24 


.is 

"1 


30 


17 


1,931 


1,067 


2,998 


348 


786 


3,495 


107 189 340 
636 






























1 






so 

1 


SO 


22 


1,927 


1,136 


3,068 


j 






110 173 340 






NO, OF SCHOOLS. 


AVERAGE ATTENDANCE. 


3,G24 


869,823 


1.72 


25.70 


4.13 


3.04 


82.81 


21.85 


11.25 


+ 192,498 


1,668,410 


91 


41 


83.43 


J t_ 


28.ia 


25,74 


25.87 


J- 






\ 373 


949 


3,623 


;— — -N^-— -^ 
















































CoTc^rn- 
meiit. 


Giniit-iu- 
Aid. 


mc'it 
Schools. 


ill-Aid 
Schools. 


Total. 


/ 






623 

i 
1 










30 


9 


1,118 


460 


1,578 






' i 


















































102 174 338 


),809 


902,500 


1.53 i 23.39 t 4.3.5 

1 


2.85 


31.50 


24.62 


11.76 


+ 134,297- 


1,, 657,871 


90 


37 


103.55 


8,976 


130,168 


139,144 


24.4J 


28.39 


28.18 


3 

o 


30 


11 


1,192 


517 


1,709 


427 


974 


4,510 


614 






1 
























' 






9 

ta 

a 


















102 174 338 


5,312 


873,208 


1.57 


25.20 i 


4.18 


2.84 


32.57 


22.C5 


11.59 


+ 310,103 


1,732,186 


95 


41 


76.72 




18.04 


27.41 


26.811 


1 

1= 


30 


15 


1,241 


625 


1,866 




1,196 


3,791 


614 
102 172 341 


',638 


910,523 


2.82 


27.29 ! 

1 


4.72 


3.41 


30.71 

1 


19.55 


11.50 


+ 300,034 


1,764,662 


95 


38 


84.40 


No Estimate made of^ 
population. 


18.7! 


30.35 


29.60 


a 
o 

1 


30 


17 


1,130 


700 


1,880 




1,654 


3,839 


615 
:103 173 341 


,095 


926,868 


2.78 


27.99 


4.59 


3.72 


32.06 ! 

1 


17.02 


11.84 


+ 190,254 


1,900,870 


94 


45 


94.70 




18. li 

i 


33.11 


32.14 


J ^ 


31 


19 


1,130 


939 


2,069 


572 


1,381 


3,350 


103 173 341 


),948 


948,014 


2.69 


31.0S 


5.41 


3.84 


31.79 


14.08 


11.11 


+ 275,652 


2,095,460 


95 


39 


111.57 


L 


16.7 


29.54 


28.71 


^■3 Si 
So 2 


36 


27 


1,212 


1,098 


2,310 


570 


1.208 


3,548 


^— — Y— — ' 






i 






1 






















1 
1 


111 














. 




617 



1871 



1872 



1873 



1874 



1875 



1876 



1877 



1878 



1879 



1880 



INMI 
1H82 
1883 
1884 
1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 

1890 

1891 

1892 

1893 



TRADE. 






(iE OF E. 


FINANCE. 










CLIMATE. 


POPULATION. PUBLIC! HEALTH. 


PUBLIC 


INSTI 


SHIPS CLEARED AND ENTERED. 


EMIGRATION. 


REVENUE. 


EXPENDI- 
TURE. 


PKRCENTA 


^PEXDITUKE DEVOTED TO 


EXCESS OK ASSETS 
OVER LIABILITIES 

(+) OR OF 

LIABILITIES OVER 

ASSETS (— ). 


PUBLIC 

DEBT LESS 

ACOUMULAT 

ED SINKING 

FUND. 


RATEABLE 
VALUE 

OF 
COLONV. 


TEMPERATUEK. 


1 


w 

1 Mi 

o z 

^ 3 
o 


CHINESE. 


TOTAL. 


DEATH-I^ATE PER 1.000. 




NO. OF 


SCHOOLS. 


AVERAC 


Number 


Total 
Tonnage. 


Percen- 
tage of 
British 
Tonnage. 


Left. 


Re- 
turned: 


Non- 
effective 
Charges 


General 

Adminis 

tration. 


Public 
Health. 


Public 

Instruc 

tiou. 


Public 
Order. 


r'ublic 
Works. 


Defence 


Maxi- 
mum. 


Mini- 
mum . 


Non- 
Chinese. 


I 
Chinese 

! 

[ 


Total. 


Govern- 
ment. 


Grant- 
in- 
Aid. 


In Govt. 
Schools. 












$ 


$ 
















$ 


£ 


$ 





o 


Jus. 




















6,412 


5,686,488 


74 


70,625 


52,983 


1,324,450 


981,582 


2.98 


30.73 


5.45 


3.95 


31.77 


14.05 


11.07 


+ 663,710 




2,093,139 


96.0 


40.0 


98,21 


9,712 


150.690 


160,402 


18.22 


i!4.45 


24.07 


1 

o 

CO 


35 


37 


1,210 


6,880 


6,337,024 


7o 


78,864 


61,905 


1,209,517 


1,094,805 


3.54 


27.96 


5.28 


4.07 


29.71 


19,45 


9.99 


-1-1,148,664 




2,308,882 


95.0 


38.0 


73.13 


1 


r 
1 


15.75 


26.73 

1 
1 


26.11 


S 

.g 

8 


39 


41 


1,235 


6,785 


6,882,381 


74 


57,439 


74,722 


1,289,448 


1,342,299 


2.16 


24.17 


4.62 


3.93 


24.50 


32.28 


8.34 


-f 1,067,201 


-s 

Q 

o 


2,380,010 


98.0 


40.0 


117.20 






17.60 


30.84 


30.04 


39 


48 


1,229 


6,601 


6,961,758 


77 


51,247 


73,767 


1,173,071 


1,595,398 


1.93 


24.75 


3.43 


3.09 


22.75 


36.6.3 


7.40 


-f- 729,562 


a 
o 


2,404,802 


91.8 


43.0 


75.42 


,. No Estimate made of j 
population. 1 


16.37 


37.59 


26.91 


.2 



ft 

o 


35 


55 


1,224 


































(■ 2,432.7.17 \ 
( (to 30.6.S5) 1 

) 2,.50 1,944 ( 

U'o 30 6.se)) 










1 




i 












6,827 


7,699,099 


78 


57,517 


80,773 


1,251,890 


1,621,250 


2.24 


23.40 


3.44 


3.07 


20.76 


39.85 


7.24 


+ 427,692 




89.3 


45.0 


108.92 


- 


1 

L 


20.90 


.33.10 


32,36 


"3 


35 


55 


1,206 


8,448 


9,080,390 


74 


i>4,522 


88,704 


1,367,978 


2,020,862 


2.09 


20.23 


3.03 


2.47 


17.08 


48,94 


6,16 


- 191,512 


200,000 


2,590,942 


89.7 


41.8 


69.17 


10,412 


171,290 


1s1,7l'0 


18.54 


28,65 


28.07 


1 fl 

.9 


34 


56 


1,321 


8,152 


9,169,534 


74 


1^2,897 


92,375 


1,427,486 


2,023,002 


4.57 


19.19 


3.10 


2.46 


18.13 


46.23 


6 32 


-1- 631,734 


196,464 


2,900,698 


90.7 


42.8 


66.29 


10,522 


175,410 


1S5,9G2 


23.:-! 1 


28.90 


28.59 


o 
p. 


33 


61 


1,333 


7,581 


9,006,677 


72 


1)6,195 


98,195 


1,557,300 


1,992,330 


7.22 


24.26 


3.56 


2.77 


18.26 


37,17 


6,76 


+ 360,650 


189,392 


3,042,201 


92.9 


40.6 


104.58 


10,692 


179,580 


190,222 


23.28 

j 


32.22 


31,72 




34 


63 


1,425 


7,588 


8,971,990 


74 


17,849 


99,315 


1,823,549 


1,833,719 


8.23 


28.32 


7.32 


3.28 


20.23 


30.30 


7.82 


+ 505,110 


182,320 


3,283,279 


92.5 


40.3 


119.72 


10,832 


183,650 


194,482 


17.54 


24.00 


23.64 


1 


35 


69 


1,565 


8,219 


9,771,743 


72 


42,066 


101,147 


1,995,220 


1,915,350 


7.38 


24.82 


7.72 


3.91 


19.47 


30.19 


6.51 


-f 309,732 


175,248 


3,768,027 


93.8 


44.0 


70.93 


10,972 


187,770 


198,742 


17.13 


:33.25 

i 


22.90 




S6 


76 


1,732 


8,707 


10,279,043 


70 


'i5,162 


105,199 


2,025,303 


2,449,086 


6.03 


2J.06 


6.J5 


8.23 


15.99 


31.85 


17,19 


-f 231,178 


165,947 


3,749,121 


92.9 


44,S 


117.12 


10,494 


214,320 


224,814 


18, 2J 


^4.18 


23.90 




36 


81 


1,626 


8,974 


10,294,152 


74 


52,143 

1 


97,971 


2,236,933 


2,342,837 


7.36 


23.03 


7.56 


3.85 


18.40 


28.32 


11.48 


4- 85,106 


157,242 


3,630,946 


93.9 


44,2 


90.97 


10,590 


221,072 


231,662 


17.37 


^1.30 


21.18 




36 


95 


1,793 


8,758 


10,537,859 


74 


.'^2,366 


108,644 


2,078,135 


1,920,524 


13.20, 

i 


24.96 


8.48 


4.17 


20.21 


13.01 


15.97» 


4-1,489,023 


148,232 


3,637,648 


92.3 


32.0 


99.95 


10,686 


228,038 


238,731 


17,97 


22.93 


22.71 




24 


102 


l,.--76 



Expendituro on loan for Public Works in this year not included in calculation of perconlago. 



— 5 — 



FINANCE. 



1,324,45( 
1,209,517 
l,289,44fi 
1,173,071 
1,251,890 

1,367,978 
1,427,486 
1,557,300 



EXPENDI- 
TURE. 



981,582 



1,094,805 



1,842,299 



1,595,398 



1,621,250 



2,020,862 



2,023,002 



,992,330 



Pl.RCENTACiB OF EXPENDITURE DEVOTED TO 



Non- 
effective 
Cliarges, 



2.98 



3.54 



2.16 



1.93 



2.24 



2.09 



General 
Adminis- 
tration. 



30.73 



27.96 



24. li 



24.75 



23.40 



Public 
Health. 



Public 
Instruc- 
tion, 



5.45 



5.28 



4.62 



3.43 



3.44 



20.23 3.03 



4.57 19.19 3.10 



7.22 



1,823,549:1,833,719 8.23 



1,995,220 1,915,350 



7.38 



2,025,303 2,449,086 6.03 



2,236,93312,342,837 



2,078,135 1,920,524 



24.26 



28.32 



24.82 



2J.06 



3.56 



7.32 



3.95 



4.07 



3.93 



3.09 



3.07 



2.47 



2.46 



2.77 



3.28 



Public 
Order. 



31.77 



29.71 



Public 
Works. 



14.05 



19.45 



24.50 32.28 



72 3.91 



7.36 23.03 
13.20, 24.96 



6.15 



7.56 



8.48 



S.23 
3.85 
4.17 



22.75 



20.76 



17.08 



18.13 



18.26 



20.23 



19.47 



15.99 



18.40 



20.21 



36.65 
39.85 

48.94 
46.23 
37.17 
30.30 
30.19 
31.85 
28.32 
13.01 



Defence. 



11.07 



9.99 



8.34 



7.40 



7.24 



EXCESS OF ASSETS 
OVER LIABILITIES 

{ + ) OR OF 
LIABILITIES OVER 

ASSETS (— ) 



+ C63,710 



4-1,148,664 



-1-1,067,201 



-I- 729,562 



+ 427,692 



6.16 - 191,512 



6 32 



6.76 



7.82 



6.51 



+ 631,734 



+ 360,650 189,392 



PFBLIO 
DEBT LESS 
ACCUMULAT- 
ED SINKING 
FUND. 



Q 



o 



RATEABLE 
VALUE 

OP 
COLONV. 



CLIMATE. 



POPULATION. I PUBLIC! HEALTH. 



TKMPEEATUHE. 



200,000 



2,093,139 



2,308,882 



2,380,010 



2,404,302 



' 2,432.7.'i7 
I (lo 30.8.85) 

2,.i01,944 

,(;o 3oe.se) 



2,590,942 89.7 



Maxi- 
mum. 



96.0 



95.0 



98.0 



91.8 



89.3 



Mini- 
mum. 



96,464 2,900,698 



-f 505,110 



-t- 309,732 



17.19 -I- 231,178 



11.48 



15.97 



-f- 85,106 
-f- 1,489,023 



182,320 
175,248 
165,947 
157,242 
148,232 



3,042,201 
3,283,279 
3,768,027 
3,749,121 
3,630,946 
3,637,643 



90.7 
92.9 
92.5 
93.8 
92.9 
93.9 
92.3 



40.0 



38.0 



40.0 



43.0 



45.0 



41.8 



42.8 



40.6 



40.3 



44.0 



44,S 



44.2 



32.0 



Ins. 
98.21 

73.13 
117.20 

75.42 
108.92 

69.17 
66.29 
104.58 
119.72 
70.93 
117.12 
90.97 
99.95 



X. H 
O ^ 

^ 5 

Q 



9,712 



DEATH-IUTE PER 1.000. 



Non- 
[Chinese 



iCJiinese 



150,690 



160,402 



No Estimate made of 
population. 



10,412 



10,522 



10,692 



171,290 



175,410 



179,530 



10,832 183,650 



10,972 
10,494 
10,590 
10,686 



187,770 
214,320 
221,072 
228,038 



181,720 
185,962 
190,222 
194,482 
198,742 
224,814 
231,662 
238,734 



18.22 
15.75 
17.60 
16.37 
20.90 

18.54 
23.31 
23.28 



24.45 



26.78 



30.84 



27.59 



33.10 



28.65 



28.90 



32.22 



Total. 



17.54 24.00 



17.13 
18. 2J 
1"7.37 
17.97 



23.25 



24.18 



21.30 



22.93 



24.07 
26.11 
30.04 
26.91 
32.36 

28.07 
28.59 
31.72 
23.64 
22.90 
23.90 
21.18 
22.71 



r 5 

a 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 



NO. OF SCHOOLS. 



AVERA(;E ATTENDANCE. 



Govern- 
ment. 



Q 



1 9 



a 

o 

"3 

o 

o 



35 



39 



39 



35 



35 



34 



34 



35 



S6 



36 



36 



24 



Grant- 



I 



I In Govt 



In Grant 



in- lo'i'^r -in-Aid 
Aid. Schools. Schools. 

I 



37 



41 



48 



55 



56 



63 



69 



81 



95 



102 



1,210 



1,235 



1,229 



1,224 



1,206 



1,821 



1,333 



1,425 



1,565 



1,598 



1,974 



2,162 



2,471 



2,535 



2,889 



2,871 



Tota 



2,808 



3,209 



3,391 



3,695 



3,741 



4,210 



4,204 



2,834 4,259 



6 1,732 



1,626 



3,218 



3,514 



3,529 



1,793 3,968 



4,783 



5,246 



5,155 



5,761 



,576 



4,234 5,810 



1881 



1882 



1883 




Expenditure on loan for Public Works in this year not included in calculation of perccnlage. 



6 — 



1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

1906 

1907 

1908 

1909 

1910 



TRADE. 



Ships engaged in Foreign Trade 
ClMred and Entered. 



Number. 



8,452 

9,089 

9,352 

9,94-1 

11,058 

10,905 

10,940 

10,807 

12,461 

14,489 

16,976 

18,103 



Percentage 
Total of British 

lonnage. ; Tonnage. 



10,469,232 



11,525,586 71 



12,333,396 71 



12,124,599 



13,252,733 



13,437,147 



14,022,167 



14,599,141 



16,275,998 



19,018,411 



66 



65 



65 



53 



59 



59 



EMIGRATION. 



Left. Ketiirned 



19,333,096 70 



19,778,176 



67 



16,337119,833,666 61 76,725 134,912 



18,096 20,381,421 



19,604 '20,104,795 



18,714 20,171,755 



7,o,S7 ; 20,966,504 

) 



49,023 



73,138 



66,822 



62,831 



60,432 



61,075 



83,643 



65,774 



71,711 



83,381 



76,304 



64,341 



96,095 



112,685 



119,468 



115,207 



105,441 



110,448 



121,322 



129,030 



129,812 



140,551 



149,195 



140,483 



FINANCE. 



UF.VK.NUE. 



51. 5 



58.6 



56.7 



57.8 



105,967 1 45,822 



71,081 



77,430 



157,809 



2,278,528 
2,486,229 
2,609,879 
2,686,915 
2,918,159 
3,610,143 
4,202,587 
4,213,893 
4,901,074 
5,238,858 
6,849,048 
6,918,404 
7,035,012 
6,602,280 



Oi^IMAlE. 



PERCENTAGE OF EXPENDITURE DEVOTED TO 



SXPE.VDI- 
TURE. 



Non- 
i ©ffcctiTe 

I Charges. 



2,299,096 



2,972,373 



2,474,910 



2,641,410 



2,841,805 



3,162,792 



3,628,447 



14.00 



r.5i 



9.91 



11.29 



11.54 



10.42 



8.82 



4,111,722 8.28 

5,909,549 "j 6.47 

I 

5,396,669 7.26 

6,376,235 5.84 



6,951,275 



6,832,611 



5,757,203 



5.25 



4.89 



5.45 



6,104,207 7,929,478 



144,821 6,822,966 



ni,0B8 149,564 



6,960,869 



6,542,839 



6,907,113 



17.64 
14.13 
17.66 
20.55 
17.97 



6.73 15.33 



4.86 



6.32 



19.09 



11.53 



General 
Adminis 

t ration. 


Under- 
takings of 
Govern- 
ment. 


30.39 


1 


22.40 


... 


26.24 


... 


27.97 




27.25 




31.10 


... 


25.75 


... J 


26.35 




27.64 





Public 
He.-vlth. 



7.41 



5.92 



9.06 



8.73 



8.27 



8.04 



7.65 



.56 



6.66 



12.70 



10.16 



9.40 



9.65 



11.27 



8.32 



9.39 



I'ulilio 
Instruc- 
tion. 



I'ublic 
Order. 



3.53 17.06 



7.88 8.66 



2.08 



3.16 



2.83 



2.61 



2.43 



2.25 



2.16 



1.59 



2.46 



2.43 



2.33 



2.89 



3.20 



2.59 



3.35 



3.27 



Public 
Worlis. 



11.01 



12.98 36.79 



16.72 
15.09 
13.82 
14.06 
15.92 
15.00 
11.26 
16.05 
13.42 



; 13.77 



16.04 



18.24 



13.41 



21.54 



19.96 



30.22 



25.38 



33.40 



Defence. 



12.17 32.75 



12.19 



14.72 



11.25 



14.45 



13.83 



30.54 



25.50 



39.38 



29.52 



28.15 



16.57 



12.32 



21.14 

18.05 II 
18.27 I i 



20.54JI 

18.07 

20.69 

16.16 

18.51 

20.62 

20.44 

19.80 

21.88 

16.34 

19.32 

20.36 



BXOBSS OP ASSETS 
OVER LIABILITIES 

(-f) OR OF 

LIABILITIES OVER 

ASSETS ( — ). 



+ 1.428,613' 
+ 557,374 ■ 
+ 548,964 !.»j 

- 2,557 
+ 213,358; 

- 311,773 

+ 1,100,786 

+ 1,036,525^ 

+ 66,870 j 
I 

- 62,711 I 

I B 

I £ 

+ 297,723 I 

a 
■a 

+ 441,496 >| 

I ^ 
C 

+ 652,236 I 1 
+ 1,444,739 
+ 1,073,011 
+ 1,353,169^ 
+ I,40(i,924.y6 



POUI.IC 
DI.BT LE^S 
ACCUMU- li.\TKAP.r,I' 
LATIiD VALVK OF 
SINKNIG HOLUNY. 
FU.vfi. 



841.800 3,689,251 



341,800 



3,691,672 



340,205 3,825,745 



336,625 



332,945 



329.174 



4,040,502 



4,521,947 



4,986,834 



325,314, 5,856,391 



321,436 



316,709 



312,14: 



307,424 



305,276 



,443,435 



1,485,733 



6,889,752 



8,166,613 



8,749,643 



9,890,521 



10,472,278 



10,969,618 



10,716,173 



TEMPERATURE. 



Maxi- 
mum. 



1,425,029 10,750,902 



1,399,156' 10,750,902 



1,387,974 11,092,17S^ 91.3 

! 



92.9 



94.0 



94.0 



91.8 



91.5 



92.9 



97.0 



92.7 



92.2 



92.4 



91.1 



91.3 



93.7 



92 



92.6 



90.8 



Mini- 
mum 



41.4 



POPULATION. 






Ins, 
104.25 10,782 235,224 



CHINESE 



43.5 15.83 



40.7 
41.0 
46.1 
43.6 
37.5 
38.4 
40.5 
41.9 
44.8 
42.8 
46.8 
45 



72.78 



10,828 



12,709 



100.03 13,700 



57.02 
72.70 
73.73 
55.78 
97.50 
93.66 
80.41 
70.95 
77.80 
93.54 



43.7 91.88 



48.7 



44.2 



75.72 



70.12 



15,190 



15,822 



14,778 

Census, 
20,096 



18,524 



18,581 



18,900 



17,977 



237,670 



226,710 



235,010 



239,210 



243,490 



247,900 

Census, 
280,564 



293,300 



307,050 



342,306 



359,873 



246,006 



248,498 



239,419 



248,710 



254,400 



259,312 



262,678 

Census. 
300,660 



311,824 



325,631 



361,206 



377,850 



Census. Census. Cc^^;us. 
21,560 307,3881 329,088 

Inclusive of Army, Navy and 
New Territories. 

18,550 395,818 414,368 



19,786 



20,479 



20,806 



401,713 



421,499 



408,409 42S,888 



415,180 



435,986 



PUBLIC HEALTH. 



DEATH-EATE PER 1,000. 



Non- 
Chinese 



23.28 



17.64 



19.91 



14.89 



19.15 



15.23 



20.44 



20.50 



19.00 



16.16 



12.48 



17.08 



14.02 



15.46 



14.78 



12.45 



10.04 



Chi- L,, , , 

iotal. 

nose. 



30.42! 30.11 



21.92 



21.73 



24.751' 24.48 



19.08 18.85 



22.501 22.30 



24.401 23.84 



26.10 25.78 



28.77' 23.55 



21.93 21.70 



19.19 18.19 



17.18;' 16.94 



17.46' 17.45 



26.41' 25.06 



22.52 22.12 



28.3; 



21.68 



22.50 



27.55 



21.13 



RE 

CORDKD 

DEATHS 

FROM 
PLAGUE 



2,552 



43 



1,078 



21 



1,175 



1,428 



1,034 



1,562 



572 



1,251 



495 



287 



842. 



198 



986 



108 



i 21.76 23 



PUBLIC 



NO. OF SCHOOLS 



GoTcrn- Giant- 
ment. , in-Aid. 



20 


99 


16 


106 


16 


101 


16 


96 


16 


97 


13 


89 


13 


82 


14 


78 


13 


67 


13 


69 


12 


69 


12 


70 


14 


67 



14 



14 



12 



14 



p to 1909, Post Office was iiichuleJ in General Adininistiation. 



FINANCE. 



C^IMA! E. 



PERCENTAGE 01' EXPENDITURE DEVOTED TO 



NDI- 


Non- 
effcctlre 
Charges. 


General 
Admlnis 

t ration. 


UiuUn-- 
l;akin{;rK of 
Govern- 
ment. 










),096 


14.00 


30.39 


... 


2,373 


7.51 


22.40 




1,910 


9.91 


26.24 




1,410 


11.29 


27.97 


... 


1,805 


11.54 


27.25 


... 


2,792 


10.42 


31.10 




M47 


8.S2 


25.75 




,722 


8.28 


26.35 





Public 
Health. 



),549'| 6.47 



),669 7.26 



i,235 5.84 



,275 



5.25 



,611 4.89 



,203 



,478 



,839 



113 



5.45 



6.73 



27.64 



17.64 



14.13 



17.66 



20.55 



17.97 



15.39 



4.86 19.09 ! 



6.32 



1 1 



7.41 
5.92 
9.06 
8.73 
8.27 
8.04 
7.65 
7.56 
6.66 
12.70 
10.16 
9.40 



I'lihlic 



3.. 5 15 



2.0S 



3.16 



2.83 



2.61 



2.43 



2.25 



2.16 



1.59 



2.46 



2.43 



2.33 



Public 
Works. 



17.06 1 11.01 

! 

I2.9H 36.79 



Deftnco. 



16.72 



;13.77 



15.09 1 16.01 



11.53 1 7.8S 

I 



9.65 


2.39 


11.27 


3.20 


8.-32 


2.59 


9.39 


3.35 


8.66 


3.27 



13.82 



14.06 



15.92 



15.00 



11.26 



16.05 



13.42 



12.17 



12.19 



14.72 



11.25 



H.45 



13.83 



18.24 



13.41 



21.54 



19.96 



30.22 



25.38 



33.40 



32.75 



30.54 



25.50 



39.38 



29.52 



28.15 



16.57 



12.32 



21. H 



EXCESS OP ASSETS 
OVER LIABILITIES 



LIABILITIES OVER 
ASSETS C — ). 



pniti.ic 

DI.HT LE^S 

, ACCUMU- liATKAI'.r.K 

(+) OR OF ,^^,,,j,.„ 1v.\h:k of 

siMvMG CuLnNY. 
ru.xfi. [ 



18.05 f 9 



18.27 



20..54 
18.07 
20.69 
16.16 
18.51 
20.62 
20.44 
19.80 
21.88 
16.31 
19.32 
20.3(i 



J3 



J 



+ 1,428,613^ 
+ 557,374 
+ 548,964). 

2,55 
+ 213,358 

- 311,773 
+ 1,100,786 
+ 1,036,525^, 
+ 66,870 

- 62,711 
+ 297,723 I 

a 

+ 441,496 >| 

I 5 
C 

I - 

+- 652,236 I i 

I ^ 
-f 1,444,739^ 

+ 1,073,011 



841,800, 3,689,251 

34!,800j 3,691,67^; 

340,205 3,82.5,74.5 

336,62.5 4,0U),50 

332,945 4,521,917 

329,171 4,986,834 

325,314, 5,856,391 

321,436 6,889,75:^ 

316,709 8,166,613 



312,14" 



8,749,643 



307,424 9,890,52 



305,276 



10,472,278 



443,435 10,969,618 



1,485,733 



10,716,173 



TEMPERATURE. 



Maxi- 
mum. 



92.9 



94.0 



94.0 



91.8 



Mini- 
mum 



41.4 104.25 



POPULATION. 






CHINESE 



10,782 235,224 



43.5 



40. 



41.0 



91.5 46.1 



92.9 



97.0 



92.7 



43.6 



37.5 



38.4 



92.2 40.5 



92.4 41.9 



91.1 



91.3 



93.7 



92 



1,425,029 10,750,902^ 92.6 



-1-1,3,53,169' 1,399,156' 10,750,902 



+ l,4()(i,92-i.96 



1,387,974 11,092,179 91.3 



44.8 



42.8 



16.8 



45 



43.7 



90.8 48. 



U.2 



45.83 
72.78 
100.03 
57.02 
72.70 
73.73 
55.78 
97.50 
93.66 
80.41 
70.95 
77.80 
93.54 
91.88 
75.72 
70,12 



10,828 



12,709 



13,700 



1.5,190 



15,822 



14,778 

Census 
20,096 



18,524 
18,581 
18,900 
17,977 

Census, 
21,560 



237,670 



226,710 



235,010 



239,210 



243,490 



247,900 

Census;. 
280,664 



293,300 
307,050 
342,306 

359,873 

Census. 
307,388 



TOTAL. 



246,006 



248,498 



289,419 



248,710 



254,400 



259,312 



262,678 

Census. 
300,660 



311,824 
325,631 
361,206 

377,850 

Ceiif-iis 
329.038 



Inclusive of Army, Navy mid 
New Territories. 

18,550 395,818 414,368 



19,786 



20,479 



20,806 



401,713 



421,499 



408,409 42-!,888 



415,180 435,986 

i 



PUBLIC HEALTH. 



DEATH-RATE PKR 1,000. 



Non- 
Chinese, 



Chi 



Total. 



RK- 

CORDKD 

DEATHS 

PLAQUE 



23.28 
17.64 
19.91 
14.89 
19.15 
15.23 
20.44 
20.50 
19.00 
16.16 
12.48 
17.08 
14.02 
15.46 
14.78 
12.45 
10.01 



30.42! 30.11 



I 
21.921 21.73 

i 
24.75I 24.48 



19.08 18.85 



22.501 22.30 



24.40! 23.84 



26.10 25.78 



28.771 23.55 



21.93; 21.70 



19.19 18.19 



17.18 16.94 



17.46! 17.45 



26.41' 25.06 



22.52! 22.12 



28.35 



21.68 



22.50 



27.55 



21.13 



21.76 



2,552 

43 

1,078 

21 

1,175 

1,428 

1,034 

1,562 

572 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 



NO. OP SCHOOLS. 



GoTeru- (irant- 
ment. , in-Aid. 



20 



16 



16 



16 



16 



13 



13 



14 



13 



1,251 13 
495 



287 



842. 



198 



986 



108 



23 



12 



14 



14 



14 



12 



99 



AVERAGE ATTENDANCE. 



1" In Grant- 
Govt, in- Aid 
Schools, Schools. 



1,248 



106 1,422 

101 1,181 

96 i 1,659 



97 



89 



82 



67 



69 



70 



67 



65 



58 



55 



1,453 



1,622 



1,750 



1,557 



1,664 



1,618 
69 1,665 



1,79; 



1,932 



2,144 



2,251 



3,211 



Total 



4,459 



3,787 5,159 



3,134 
3,732 
3,581 
3,2 1 1 



4,815 
5,391 
5,034 
4,833 



3,870 5,620 



3,197 



4,754 



3,107 I 4,771 



3,342 i 4,960 



3,305 



4,970 



.3,556 5,363 



3,564 



3,780 



3,927 



2,326 4,234 



5,496 



5,924 



6,178 



6,560 



PUBLIC ORDER, 



ClUMINAI, STATISTICS. 



UnUv Averiipo 

Number of 

Prls(,niTa in 

G.10I. 



1,960 1 4,337 6,29 7 



455 

472 

514 

462 

511 

432 

486 

499 

576 

653 

726 

697 

518 

502 

465 

560 

547 



Persons 

convicted of 

Serious 

Offences. 



1,224 
1,478 
1,378 
1,497 
1 ,654 
1,589 
1,779 
1,710 
1,931 
2,401 
1,746 
1,473 
1,717 
1,.592 
1,423 
2,258 
1,257 



Persons 

convicted of 

Minor 

Offences. 



- 



POLICE. 

Strength on 

31st December. 






6,155 

8,147 

7,320 

6,999 

8,869 

5,690 

7,080 

7,395 

7,607 

7,115 

8,539 

9,860 

9,754 

9,991 

8,514 

2,957 

8,420 



117 225 348 

685 
112 225 290 

627 
112 226 298 

631 
112 226 292 

630 
112 226 292 

630 
129 350 348 

827 
153 366 410 

929 
145 366 409 

920 
133 367 419 

919 
133 367 421 

921 
133 375 485 

993 
133 382 503 



1,018 
133 410 .504 

1,047 
135 410 503 

1,048 
135 410 501 

1,046 

132 411 511 

1,054 

133 384 525 

1,042 



1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 

1901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

1906 

1907 

1908 

1909 

1910 






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