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Cl^ocnell Hniaecaitg Sibrarg 

It^ata, Slem Qatk 







Military History 


yAyt^E Coii^jy^ N- Y- 

'\l^ C^Li n\sj i Q \l\i^ CiVi I Wap. 

BY LEU/IS H. cmm 





PrlntETS and HlndETS, 

SyracusE, N, Y, 







In the month of December, 1 880, the author of the pres- 
ent work was at Newburgh finishing the history of Orange 
county, upon which he had been engaged for several months, 
in company with Mr. E. M. Ruttenber, a gentleman of emi- 
nent qualifications. Urging him to write a chapter upon 
the part which the county had taken in the civil war, he 
replied: "Kchapter!! Impossible! If the publishers will 
issue a volume, entitled ' Orange County in the Civil War,' 
I shall be glad to write it." 

The suggestive remark led to the preparation of the work 
now submitted to the people of this county. To write 
Wayne county in the civil war was the original thought. 
The thought grew as it was studied. It seemed proper to 
give to such a work an introduction which should allude to 
previous military events in the history of the county. 

As soon as the materials were examined they proved to be 
of too much importance to be compressed within the limits 
of a simple introduction ; and hence what was intended to 
be an introductory chapter became an introductory part of 
nine chapters. This enlargement of the plan rendered the 
title as originally designed slightly inapplicable, the work 
having expanded to a general military history of the county. 

It was evident, too, that any such historical work would 
be increased in value by including a notice of the civil 
organization of the county, with a list of officers, from the 
beginning to the present time. Hence the first chapter of 
the first part took its present form. It is believed that it 


now comprises within a few pages, easy of reference, clearer 
and more complete information upon the organization of the 
cdunty and of the several towns than is found in any book 
heretofore published- 

In chapters two, three, four and six of part first, several 
matters are treated of which are not exclusively military, 
but they are either closely connected with military matters 
or a discussion of them seemed necessary to explain actual 
military affairs. 

The preparation of this volume has required extensive 
research and careful investigation. An examination of its 
contents will show the magnitude of the imdertaking. In 
attempting to publish a book which contains names by 
the thousand, and so large a number of dates, it is too 
much to hope that perfect accuracy has been secured. It 
is scarcely, possible that every name will be found correctly 
written or every date correctly given. It has been the 
steady aim of the author, however, to reduce the ordinary 
errors found in names and dates to the smallest possible 

Neither labor nor expense has been spared to accomplish 
this end. To perfect the soldiers' Hsts by towns several 
sources of information have been sought. 

1st. All the names found in the imperfect lists of the 
Wayne County History of' 1876 were taken. 

2d. The eight large volumes containing the muster-in 
rolls of the State were searched for additional names. 

3d, The marshals' reports of 1865, prepared in taking 
the census (bound up and deposited in the County Clerk's 
office), were carefully read. 

4th. The muster-out rolls, on file in the Adjutant-Gen- 
eral's office at Albany, were thoroughly studied. 

5th. Newspaper lists of enlisted men, or of the killed and 
wounded, were used to perfect the records. 


6th. General inquiry has been made from every available 

7th. Subscribers to the book have been afforded an 
opportunity of writing out their own records upon blanks 
furnished to them, and these blanks have been freely dis- 
tributed, whether soldiers subscribed or not. 

Equal care has been given to all other portions of the book. 

The author is very sure that he has had in the preparation 
of this volume a deep, personal interest, amounting almost 
to actual enthusiasm, as he has studied the patriotic services 
of the soldiers of Wayne. He is equally conscious that he 
has devoted to the work a great amount of steady and per- 
sistent labor, with the sincere design of making the best pos- 
sible book upon the subject. He therefore confidently sub- 
mits the finished work to the charitable, reasonable judgment 
of the public. 

Acknowledgments are due to the editors of all the news- 
papers published in the county for the hearty words of 
encouragement they have at all times given to the work, 
and for the courtesy and liberality which they have shown in 
publishing numerous and repeated requests for information 
upon various points as well as articles of greater length, 
explanatory of the designs. 

Books consulted have been Turner's History of Phelps' 
and Gorham's Purchase, Charlevoix Works, Champlain's 
Journals, Adjutant-Generals' reports. Colonel Kreutzer's 
valuable history of the Ninety-Eighth, Hall's " Cayuga in 
the Field," Mcintosh's Wayne County History, Judd's His- 
tory of the Thirty-Third, French's State Gazetteer, Super- 
visors' proceedings, Military Register of 1823, Lossing's 
Field Book of 1812, History of the War of 18 12 — published 
in 1816, and others "too numerous to mention." 

Thanks are hereby returned to Rev. Dr. Hawley and Col. 
John S. Clark, of Auburn ; to George Conover, of Geneva, 


and to Hon. Diedrich Willers, of Seneca county, for assist- 
ance rendered, suggestions made and material furnished. 

Within the county various correspondents are entitled to 
thanks for prompt response to letters of inquiry and for val- 
uable data furnished. To all who have afforded any aid 
whatever our acknowledgments are hereby tendered. 

The courtesy of various public officers in furnishing access 
to records, and of publishers in allowing free use of their 
files is worthy of thanks. 

Special credit for material furnished will appear in the 
various chapters. 

L. H. C. 

P^^RJ Pl^SJ. 



THE earliest county organization extended over Western 
New York was that of Albany. This was one of the 
original twelve counties into which the province of 
New York was divided by an act of the Colonial Legislature, 
passed November i, 1683. 

Albany was then described as comprising " the manor of 
" Rensselaerwyck, Schenectady, and all the villages, neigh- 
"borhoods and Christian plantations on the east side of 
" Hudson's river, from Roeloffe Jansen's creek, and on the 
" west side from Sawyer's creek to the outermost end of 
" Saraghtoga." 

This description can scarcely be said to include the terri- 
tory of Western New York, which was then an unknown 
land. It limited Albany county north and south, but left its 
western boundary indefinite. Subsequent statutes, how- 
ever, made Albany county to include the whole territory of 
the province westward ; but no exercise of county authority 
under the name of Albany could have taken place upon the 
soil of Wayne. The next county organization in order was 
that of Montgomery (first called Tryon), which was formed 
from Albany, March 12, 1772, just before the opening of the 
Revolutionary war. 

All of Western New York was virtually included in Mont- 
gomery county for seventeen years. 

At the close of that period it had become necessary that 
actual civil authority should be exercised over this section 
of country. 


The purchase by Phelps & Gorham in 1787 led to imme- 
diate settlement, and Ontario county was formed from 
Montgomery, January 27, 1789. 

Canandaigua became the county seat. A part of the terri- 
tory now included in Wayne county was included in Ontario 
for thirty-four years, and the early settlement of western 
Wayne took place under that organization. The eastern 
part of Wayne county must be traced through a different 
line. Ontario county had been taken from Montgomery in 
1789, bounded east by the " old pre-emption line." Herki- 
mer county was next formed from Montgomery, February 
16, 1791, extending westward to the same pre-emption line. 
From Herkimer, Onondaga county was formed, March 5, 
1794. Cayuga cotmty was formed from Onondaga, March 8, 
1799, and finally Seneca was organized out of the territory 
of Cayuga, March 29, 1804. This brings the record down 
to the formation of Wayne county, which took place April 
II, 1823. The present territory of Wayne lying east of the 
"new pre-emption line " was taken from Seneca, comprising 
Huron, Wolcott,* Rose, Butler, Galen and Savannah. 

The territory lying west of that line was taken from 
Ontiario County, Sodus, Williamson, Ontario, Marion, Wal- 
worth, Lyons, Arcadia and Macedon. 


AN ACT to erect a new county from parts of the counties of 
Ontario and Seneca, by the name of Wayne, and for other 
purposes. Passed April i-i, 1823: 

Section i. Be it enacted by the people of the State of 
New York represented in S.enateand Assembly, that all that 
part of the counties of Ontario and Seneca hereinafter men- 
tioned ; that is to say, the towns of Wolcott and Galen, in 

*It appears that Wolcott was for a time a part of the County of Cayuga. 
Chapter 94, Laws of 1812, is as follows : 

"AN ACT to annex the Town of Wolcott, in the County of Seneca, to the 
"County of Cayuga. 

Passed June 6, 1813. 

"Be it enacted by the People of the State of New York, represented in 
" Senate and Assembly : 

"That all that tract of land included within the boundaries of the Town of 
"Wolcott, in the County of Seneca, be annexed to, and from and after the 
"passage of this act shall form a part of the County of Cayuga." 

By Chapter 189, Laws of 1817, the town was again made a part Of Seneca 


the county. of Seneca, and the towns of Lyons, Sodus,, Will- 
iamson, Ontario, Palmyra and Macedon, and all that part of 
the town of Phelps which lies north' of an east and west" line 
to be run froiri the southwest corner of the town' of Galen, 
in the county of Seneca, to the east line of the town of Man- 
chester, in the county of Ontario, together with such part of 
the territory of said counties as is included between the 
southern shore of Lake Ontario and the boundary between 
the United States and Upper Canada on the north, the east- 
erly line of the town of WOlcott continued to the said 
boundary line on the east, and the westerly line of the town 
of Ontario fcontinued to the said boundary line on the west, 
shall constitute a distinct county, to be known by the name 
of Wayne. 

By section second Wm. D. Ford, of Jefferson county, 
Samuel Strong, of Tioga county, and Oliver P Ashley, ot 
Greene county, were appointed a commission to determine 
the proper site of the court house and jail. 

By section three, courts were provided for. 

By section four the first term of the Court of Common 
Pleas for the new county was required to be holden in the 
Presbyterian church at Lyons. 

By section five, authority was given Wayne county to 
confine prisoners in the jail of Ontario county. 

By section six the county was declared to be entitled to 
two members of Assembly. 


By section nine, Nathaniel Kellogg, William Patrick and 
Simeon Griswold were appointed commissioners to erect 
jail and court house. 

By section ten the first meeting of the supervisors was 
directed to be held at the house of Henry L. Woolsey, in 
Lyons, first Tuesday of October, 1823. 

The election for county officers was held May 6, 1823. 
The Board of Canvassers, which received the returns and 
made the determination of the result, consisted of Enoch 
Morse, of Sodus ; Russell Whipple, of Williamson ', Ezekiel 
Price, of Lyons; Elisha Benjamin, of Wolcott; Frederick 
Smith, of Palmyra ; Harry ,S. Moore, of Ontario ; William 
P. Capron, of Macedon, and John Lewis, of Galen. 

Thomas Armstrong was elected Sheriff ; Israel J. Rich- 
ardson, Clerk, and Russell Whipple, Coroner. They took 
the oath of office May 13, 1823. John S. Tallmadge also 
qualified as Surrogate on the same day, and that may be 
considered the day of organization. 


The first court was held on the fourth Tuesday of May, 
1823. Judge John S. Tallmadge presided, assisted by Enoch 
Morse and William Sisson. William H. Adams was District 
Attorney, and the lawyers practicing here were the follow- 
ing gentlemen, as shown by their signatures to the anti- 
dueling oath (a curiosity, by the way, still on file in the 
office of the county clerk) : William H. Adams, Frederick 
Smith, Orville L. Holley, Wm. J. Hough, John Fleming, Jr., 
Graham H. Chapin,- Hugh Jameson, William Wells, E. M. 
Coe, Charles F. Smith, T. P- Baldwin, L. B. Mizner, Nathan 
Parke, David Hudson, Jesse Clark, Jarred Willson, L. W. 
Ruggles, Mark H. Sibley, Alexander R. Tiffany, John Ben- 
ton, Hiram K. Jerome, Rodney Church, George W. Scott, 
Joseph Skinner, Samuel Dickinson. All of these, except the 
last five, qualified on the opening of the court. May 23, 1823 
— the five a few months later. 

Judge John S. Tallmadge had been sworn in as Judge, May 
7th, before Judge Luther F. Stevens, of Seneca county, and 
was therefore qualified to administer the oath of office to 
the County Clerk elect.* 

The records at Albany show the following appointments 
for the new county of Wayne. We add, also, a few of the 
more important officers through subsequent years down to 
the Constitution of 1 846 : 

April 18, 1823, Governor and Senate appointed: 

William Sisson, David Arne, Jonathan Boyington, Judges 
of the County Courts of the county of Wayne. 

Ambrose Hall, also nominated by the Governor for Judge, 
was not confirmed. 

Subsequently, John S. Tallmadge was nominated in the 
place of Hall and confirmed. 

April 18, 1823, John S. Tallmadge was confirmed as Sur- 

April 19, 1825, Jacob W. Hallett was confirmed as first 
Judge of the county of Wayne. 

*Hugh Jameson was appointed Deputy County Clerk, May 30, 1823, and was 
active in organizing the business of the office. He was deputy for many years, 
and his work appears in all the earlier books. 

Reuben H. Foster was appointed Deputy Sheriff June 21, 1823, and Sanford 
Sisson, August 4, 1828. 


January 11, 1826, the Senate confirmed Frederick Smith to 
be Surrogate of Wayne county, vice Tallmadge, deceased. 

March 10, 1826, the Senate confirmed Graham H. Chapin 
to be Surrogate of Wayne county. 

March 23, 1825, the Senate confirmed the appointment of 
Truman Heminway and Henry Yersington to be auction- 
eers of the county of Wayne. 

April 9, 1824, the Senate confirmed the appointment of 
George Culver to be Inspector of beef and pork for the 
county of Wayne. 

February 21, 1824, the Senate confirmed the appointment 
of Martin W. Wilcox to be Inspector of distilled spirits for 
the county of Wayne. 

March 23, 1827, the Senate confirmed the appointment of 
Alexander R. Tiffany to be First Judge of the Courts of 
Wayne county. 

January 29, 1830, the appointment of William Sisson First 
Judge was confirmed by the Senate. 

February 5, 1830, Thomas P. Baldwin, of Palmyra, and 
Daniel Eddy, of Marion, were appointed Judges. 

April 20, 1832, Russell Whipple was appointed Judge. 

April 26, 1833, David Arne, Jr., of Wolcott, wasappointed 

January 12, 1830, Graham H. Chapin was appointed Sur- 

April 16, 1827, Hiram K. Jerome was appointed Master in 

February 11, 1 834, Lyman Sherwood was confirmed by 
the Senate as Surrogate. 

February 3, 1835, William Sisson was appointed First 


March 13, 1835, Theodore Partridge wasappointed Judge. 

January 7, 1837, Daniel Poppino and Marvin Rich were 
appointed Judges vice Whipple and Barber. 

March 18, 1838, Lyman Sherwood appointed Judge. 

March 18, 1838, David Arne, Jr., Judge. 

January 29, 1840, the Senate confirmed the appointment of 
Hiram K. Jerome, of Palmyra, as First Judge, in place of 
William Sisson, whose term was to expire February 6, 1840. 


James C. Smith was confirmed as Surrogate April lo, 
1843, in place of Lyman Sherwood. 

April 12, 1843, Oliver H. Palmer wais confirmed as First 
Judge, in place of Jerome, resigned. 

May 12, 1846, William H. Adams, of Galen, was appointed 
First Judge, vice Palmer, resigned. 

The County Judges elected by the people under the Con- 
stitution of 1846 have been as follows: George H. Middle- 
ton, elected fall of 1847; Leander S. Ketehum, 185 1 ; Lyman 
Sherwood, 1859; George W. Cowles, 1863; Luther M. Nor- 
ton, 1869; George W. Co wles, 1873; Thaddeus W Collins, 
1879, and now in office. 



May 6, 1823 — Thomas Armstrong. 
Nov. i825^Reuben H. Foster. 

1 828^CTillen Foister. 

1831— Calvili D. Palmeter. 

1 834-^Truman Hemin way, 

1837 — Hiram Mann. 

1 840 — Simon V. W. Stout. 

1843 — ^John Borradaile. 

1846 — George W. Barnard. 

1 849 — ^Chester A. Ward. 

1852 — George W. Paddock. 

1855 — WiUiam P. Nottingham. 

1858 — Adrastus Snedaker. 

1 861 — John P. Bennett. 

1864— Bartlett R. Rogers. 

1867 — John P. Bennett. 
, 1870 — John N. Brownell. 

1 873— Richard P. Groat. 

1876— Thomas M, Clark. 

1879— William J- Glen. 

1 882--Vernori R, 'Howell. 


May 6, 1823 — Israel J. Richardson. 
Nov. 1825 — John Barber, Jr. 
1828^-John Barber, Jr. 


Nov. 1 83 1 — John L. Cuyler. (Resigned after serving two 
1833 — Cullen Foster. 
1836 — Cullen Foster. 
1839 — James Hawley. 
1842 — Daniel Chapman. 
1845 — Alexander B. Williams. 
1848 — Alexander B. Williams. 
1851 — Saxon B. Gavitt. 
1854^ — Saxon B. Gavitt. 
1857 — Lyman Lyon. 
i860 — Lyman Lyon. ■• 

1863 — Clark Mason. 
1866 — Thaddeus W. Collins. 
1869— Albert F. Redfield. 
1872 — Alfred H. Gates. 
1875 — Volney H. Sweeting. 
1878— Abel J. Bixby. 
1 88 1 — John McGonigal. 


May, 13, 1823 — William H. Adams. . 

Sept. 23, 1823 — William H. Adams., 

Sept. 26, 1829 — Graham H. Chapin. 

Sept. 29, 1830 — William H. Adams. 

Feb. I, 1831— John M. Holley; 

Jan. 31, 1835 — Theron R. Strong. 

Feb. 26, 1839 — Charles W. Lawton. 

Oct. 5, 1842— John M. Holly. 

Sept. 26, 1845 — George H. Middleton. 

May 26, 1845 — Lyman Sherwood. 

June — 1847 — Coles Bashford. 

Oct. 6, 1850— George Olmsted. (In place of Bashford, 

Nov. — 1850 — Stephen K. Williams, 

1853 — Joseph Welling. 

1856— Jared F. Harrison. (Served only 2 years.) 

1858 — Jacob B. Decker. . 

1 861— William F. Aldrich. 

1864— George W- Williams, Jr. 

1867 — John H. Camp. ,, 

,1870— Charles H. Roys. 

1873 — Murganzy Hopkins. 

1876 — Marvin ]. Greenwood. 

1879— John Vandenburgh. 

1882 — ^Jefferson W- Hbag. 



Oct. — 1823 — Samuel Hecox was appointed by the 
Board of Supervisors, and served, by 
successive reappointments, for nineteen 
years, until November 13, 1841. -Under 
that date Seth Smith was chosen and 
served one year. 
Nov. 19, 1842 — Joseph M. Demmon. 

Nov. 18, 1845 — Joseph M. Demmon. (After the Constitu- 
tion of 1846, County Treasurers were 
elected by the people, as follows:) 
Nov. 1848— Bartlett R. Rogers. 

185 1 — Philander P. Bradish. 
1857 — John Adams. 
i860 — John Adams. 
1862 — Smith A. Dewey. 
1865 — Smith A. Dewey. 
1868 — Smith A. Dewey. 
1 87 1— William R. Stults. 
1874— William R. Stults. 

1877 — William R. Stults. (Resigned Jan. 2, 1 879.) 
Jan. 3, 1879 — Elijah P. Taylor. (Appointed by Board of 

Nov. 1879 — Andrew F. Sheldon. 
1882 — Andrew F. Sheldon. 

Assemblymen* prior to 1823, for the counties from which 
Wayne was formed : — 

Ontario — Isaac I. Chapin, i792-'3 ; Thomas Morris, 1794, 
1795, 1796; Lemuel Chipman, Charles Williamson, 1798. 

Ontario with Steuben, 1799 — Amos Hall, Charles William- 

Cayuga, 1800 — Silas Halsey. 

Ontario with Steuben, 1800 — Nathaniel Norton, Charles 

Cayuga, 1802 — Solomon Buell. 

Ontario with Steuben, 1802 — Daniel Chapin, Peter B. 

Cayuga, 1803 — Salmon Buell, Silas Halsey, Thomas 

Ontario with Genesee, 1803 — Thaddeus Chapin, Augustus 
Porter, Polydore B. Wisner. 

Cayuga, 1804 — Silas Halsey, Thomas Hewitt, Amos 

* Of course not many of these men resided in what is now Wayne County. 
All are given here for convenience of reference by those studying the history 
of this section. 


Ontario with Genesee, 1804 — Amos Hall, Polydore B. 
Wisner, Nathaniel W. Howell. 

Seneca, 1805 — John Say re. 

Ontario with Genesee, 1805 — Amos Hall, Daniel W. Lewis, 
Alexander Rea. 

Seneca, 1806 — Cornelius Humphrey. 

Ontario with Genesee, 1806 — ^Daniel W. Lewis, Ezra Pat- 
terson, Alexander Rea. 

Seneca, 1807 — Cornelius Humphrey. 

Ontario, with Genesee and Allegany, 1807 — Alexander 
Rea, Philetus Swift, Asahel Warner. 

Seneca, 1808 — John Sayre. 

Ontario, with Genesee and Alleganv — Amos Hall,* Will- 
iam Rumsey, Philetus Swift, Asahel Warner, Jr. 

Seneca, 1809 — James McCall. 

Ontario, 1809— Micah Brooks, Samuel Lawrence, Richard 
Laech, Hugh McNair, William Rogers. 

Seneca, 18 10 — Oliver Comstock. 

Ontario, 18 10— Valentine Brother, Israel Chapin, Daniel 
Dorsey, William Markham, Gideon Pitts. 

Seneca,*i8ii — Robert S. Rose. 

Ontario, 1811 — Septimus Evans, Reuben Hart, Hugh 
McNair, Stephen Phelps, Asahel Warner. 

Seneca, 181 2 — Oliver Comstock. 

Ontario, 1812 — Nathaniel Allen, Valentine Brother, David 
Sutherland, Joshua Van Fleet, Ezra Waite. 

Seneca, 181 3 — James McCall. 

Ontario, 181 3 — Abraham Dox, Gilbert Howell, Hugh 
McNair, David Sutherland, Asahel Warner. 

Seneca, 1814 — James McCall. 

Ontario, 18 14 — Hugh McNair, Stephen Phelps, Dalvid 
Sutherland, Joshua Van Fleet, Asahel Warner. 

Seneca, 1815 — David Woodcock. 

Ontario, 1815 — Peter Allen, John Price, James Roseburgh, 
Ira Selby, David Sutherland. 

Seneca, 1816 — Nicholas Halsey, Jacob D. Larzelere, Will- 
iam Thompson. 

Ontario, 18 16 — ^ Peter Allen, Israel Chapin, Jonathan Child, 
Henry Fellows, Myron Holley, Alexander Kelsey, Thomas 
Lee, Roger Sprague. 

Seneca, 1 8 1 7 — Archer Green, Jacob D. Larzelere, William 

Ontario, 1817— -Peter Allen, Jonathan Child, Byram Green, 
Caleb Hopkins, Joshua Lee, James Roseburgh, Nathan 

* Returned as elected ; resigned in favor of Rumsey. 


Seneca, 1818 — Myndert M. Dox,* John Sutton, William 

Ontario, 1818 — Phineas P. Bates, Nathaniel Case, Samuel 
Lawrence, James Roseburgh, Ira Selby, John VanVossen, 
Ezra Waite. 

Seneca, 18 19 — William Thompson, Annanias Wells. 

Ontario, 1819 — William Billinghurst, Byram Green, Eli 
Hill, William McCartney, Elijah Spencer, John A. Stevens, 
Asahel Warner. 

Seneca, 1820 — Thomas Armstrong, Robert S. Rose. 

Ontario, 1820 — Valentine Brother, Byram Green, John 
Price, John C. Spencer, Elisha B. Strong, John VanVossen, 
Matthew Warner. 

Seneca, 1 82 1 — Robert S. Rose, WiUiam Thompson. 

Ontario, 1821 — Claudius V. Boughton, William Cornwell, 
Oliver Culver, Truman Hart, Myron HoUey, John C. Spen- 
cer, William H. Spencer. 

Seneca, 1822 — James Dickson, John Maynard. 

Ontario, 1822 — Birdseye Brooks, Byram Green, Isaac 
Marsh, Aaron Remer, David White. 

Seneca, 1823 — Jonas Seeley, Annanias Wells. 

Ontario, 1823 — Birdseye Brooks, Richard Hogarth, Jacob 
Leach, Aaron Remer, Ira Selby, Philetus Swift. 


1824 — James Dickson, Russell Whipple. 
'25 — Wm. H. Adams, Enoch Morse. 
'26 — Ambrose Hall, John L. Kip. 
'27 — Thomas Armstrong, Jonathan Boynton. 
'28 — Thomas Armstrong, Luther Fillmore. 
'29 — Thomas Armstrong, Jonathan Boynton. 
'30 — Luther Chapin, Seth Eddy. 
'31 — Annanias Wells, Seth Eddy. 
'32 — James Humeston, Ambrose Salisbury. 
'33 — James Humeston, Ambrose Salisburj'. 
'34^ — James P. Bartle, Russell Whipple. 
'35 — Elisha Benjamin, Wm. D. Wylie. 
'36 — Reuben H. Foster, Robert Alsop. 
'37 — David Arne,Jr., Pomeroy Tucker. 
'38 — John M. Holley, Esbon Blackmar. 
'39 — Thomas Armstrong, Ambrose Sahsbury. 
'40 — Horace Morley, Durfee Osband. 
'41 — John M. Holley, Esbon Blackmar. 

*Died, in Buffalo, on the 8th of Sept., 1830, Myndert M. Dox, Esq., late Col- 
lector of the Port of Buffalo, and during the last war a Captain in the U. S. 
anny. He was a gallant officer ami won the esteem of his associates. 


1842 — James M. Wilson, Theron R. Strong. 
'43 — Philip Sours, Frederick U. Sheffield. 
'44 — Austin Roe, Isaac R. Sanford. 
'45 — John J. Dickson, Alanson M. Knapp. 
'46 — James T. Wisner, EHas Durfee. 
'47 — Israel R. Southard, Samuel Moore. 
'48 — Eliada Pettit, John Lapham. 
'49 — Isaac Bottum, Theron G. Yeomans. 
'50 — James M. Wilson, Elihu Durfee. 
'51 — Edward W. Bottum, Theron G. Yeomans. 
'52 — William Dutton, Theron G. Yeomans. 
'53 — Benjamin H. Streeter, Loami Wh'itcomb. 
'54_Willis G. Wade, John P. Bennett. 
'55 — James T. Wisner, John P. Bennett. 
'56 — Harlow Hyde, Thomas Barnes. 
'57 — Thomas Johnson, Joseph Peacock. 
'58 — Edward W. Sentell, Charles Estes. 
'59 — Henry K. Graves, John A. Laing. 
'60 — James M. Servis, Abel J. Bixby. 
'61 — Jabez S. L'Amoreaux, Joseph W. Corning. 
'62 — Eron N. Thomas, Abram Pryne. 
'63 — Thaddeus W. Collins, Lemuel Durfee. 
'64 — Thaddeus W. Collins, Lemuel Durfee. 
'65 — Thaddeus W. Collins, William H. Rogers. 
'66 — John Vandenburgh, William H. Rogers. 
'6^ — John Vandenburgh, Ornon Archer. 
'68— De Witt Parshall, Elijah M. K. Glenn. 
'69 — Merritt Thornton, Amasa Hall. 
'70 — Anson S. Wood, Amasa Hall. 
'71 — Anson S. Wood, Henry R. Durfee. 
'72 — Edward B. Wells, Lucien T. Yeomans. 
'72 — Edward B. Wells, Lucien T. Yeomans. 
'74 — Emory W. Gurnee, Henry M. Clark. 
'75_W'm. H. Clark, Allen S. Russell. 
'76— Emory W. Gurnee, Allen S. Russell. 
'j'j — Jackson Valentine, Jeremiah Thistlewaite. 
'78 — Jackson Valentine, James H. Miller. 
'79 — John A. Munson, Jefferson Sherman. 
'80 — Alfred P. Crafts, Jefferson Sherman. 
'81 — Rowland Robinson, Addison Gates. 
'82 — Oscar Weed, Wm. E. Greenwood. 
'83 — Oscar Weed, Leman Hotchkiss. 


1823, '24 — Byram Green. 
'30, '31 — Thomas Armstrong. 
'32, '33— Thomas Armstrong. 


1834, '35 — Thomas Armstrong. 
'36, '37 — Thomas Armstrong. 
'43, '44 — Lyman Sherwood. 
•54, 'ss—William Clark. 
'56, '57 — Samuel C. Cuyler. 
'58, '59 — Alexander B. Williams. 
'60, '61 — Alexander B. Williams. 
'64, '65 — Stephen K. Williams. 
'66, '67— Stephen K. Williams. 
'68, '69— Stephen K. Williams. 


1868, '69 — John H. Kemper. 
'76, '"jf- — John W. Corning. 
'80, '81 — John W. Corning. 
'82, '83 — John W. Corning. 


1840, '41 — Philip M. DeZeng. 


1867 — John H. Kemper. 


Under the act of April 17, 1843, this office was created. 
It was abolished March 13, 1847. 

The appointments for Wayne * county were : 
Nov. II, 1841 — Philo D. Green. 
Nov. 18, 1843 — Samuel Cole. 
Nov. 26, 1846 — James Redfield. 


1824 — Solomon St. John. 
'28— John Beal. 
'36 — Alanson M. Knapp. 
'40 — Charles Bradish. 
'44 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'48 — Joseph W. Gates. 
'60 — William Van Marter. 
'72 — John H. Camp. 
'76 — George W. Knowles. 


Appointed 1856— M. F. Sweeting, Albert S. Todd. 
* Appointed by the Board of Supervisors. 


Elected 1857— M. F. Sweeting, Albert S. Todd. 

'60 — Thomas Robinson, Myron W. Reed. [man. 
'63 — Alonzo M. Winchester,* Jefferson Sher- 
•66— John McGonigal, Ethel M. Allen. 
'69— John McGonigal, Ethel M. Allen. 
'72— Joseph H. L. Roe, Felix J. Griffin. 
'75 — Sidney G. Cooke, Wm. T. Goodenough. 
'78 — Sidney G. Gooke, Wm. T. Goodenough. 
'81 — E. C. Delano, Daniel VonCruyningham. 


1801 — From Cayuga county then including Eastern Wayne, 
Silas Halsey. 

From Ontario then including Western Wayne, Moses 

1 82 1 — From Seneca county, Robert S. Rose, Jonas Seely. 

From Ontario county, Micah Brooks, John Price, David 
Sutherland, Philetus Swift, Joshua VanFleet.. 

1846 — From Wayne county, Ornon Archer, Horatio N. 

1867 — Ornon Archer, LeanderS. Ketchum. 

1872 — Constitutional Commissioner, Van Rensselaer Rich- 


1839, '40 — Theron R. Strong, 
'43, '44 — By ram Green. 
'47, '48— John M. HoUey.t 

Esbon Blackmar, (vice HoUey.) 
'59, '61 — Martin Butterfield. 
'69, '71 — George W. Cowles. 
'■jy, '83 — John H. Camp. 


From the territory now comprised in the county of 

Myron Holley, appointed April 17, 181 7. 


George W. Cuyler, appointed April 18, 1843, declined ; 
Ambrose Salisbury, appointed May 11, 1843, served three 

* Supervisors awarded certificate of election to Thomas Robinson, but the 
courts subsequently declared Mr. Winchester elected. 
•J Died in Florida, March 8, 1848, at Jacksonville. 




Nov. 4, 1851— Theron R. Strong. 


Nov. 3, 1857 — Van Rensselaer Richmond. 
Nov. '59— Van Rensselaer Richmond. 
Nov. 5, '67 — Van Rensselaer Richmond. 
Nov. '69 — Van Rensselaer Richmond. 


February 3 
February 3 
February 3 
November 30, 
November 16, 
November 16, 
November 13 
November 13 
November 14 
November 14 
November 14, 
November 1 1 
November 1 1 
November 15 
November 15 
November 15, 
November 14, 
November 14, 
November 14, 
November 13 
November 13 
November 13 
November 12 
November 12 
November 12 
November 12 
November 12 
November 12 
November i 
November i 
November i 
November i 
November i 
November i 


1830 — Lyman Dunning.* 
'30 — Isaac Durfee. 
'30 — Cyrus Smith. 
'31 — Reuben H. Foster. 
'32 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'32 — Lyman Dunning. 
'33 — Lyman Dunning. 
'33 — Reuben H. Foster. 
'34 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'34 — Lyman Dunning. 
'34 — Reuben H. Foster. 
'35 — Calvin D. Palmeter. 
'35 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'35 — Lyman Dunning. 
'36 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'36 — James Edwards. 
'36 — Calvin D. Palmeter. 
'37 — Calvin D. Palmeter. 
'37 — James Edwards. 
'37 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'38 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'38 — Calvin D. Palmeter. 
'38 — James Edwards. 
'39 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'39 — James Edwards. 
'39 — Reuben H. Foster. 
'40 — Jonathan Boynton. 
'40 — James Edwards. 
'40 — Reuben H. Foster. 
'41 — George Boynton. 
'41 — Gardner Warren. 
'41 — Philander Mitchell. 
'42 — James Edwards. 
'42 — Martin Lazalier. 
'42 — Truman Heminway. 

'■Appointed by the Board of Supervisors. 


November 22, 1843 — James Edwards. 
November 22, '43 — Martin Lazalier. 
November 22, '43 — Truman Heminway. 
November 21, '44 — James Edwards. 
November 21, '44 — Martin Lazalier. 
November 21, '44 — Truman Heminway.* 


1845 — Abram Parsons. 
'46— Wm. D. Wylie. 
'47 — John Dratt.f 

'48 — Abijah Moore, Maltby Clark, James Miller, Jr. 
'49 — Nelson D. Young. 
'50— Duncan Wilson. 
'51— Maltby Clark. 
'52— Wm. D. Wylie. 
'53 — Israel J. Clapp. 
'54 — Wm. Mockridge. 
'55— Maltby Clark. 
'56— Philander Mitchell. 
'57 — William Mockridge. 
'58 - Clark PhiUips. 
'59 — Philander Mitchell. 
'60 — Isaac Z. Hodges. 
'61 — John S. Roe. 
'62— Cliark Phillips. 
'63 — Isaac Z. Hodges. 
'64 — John S. Roe. 
'65 — Durfee Wilcox. 
'66 — Isaac Z. Hodges. 
'67— John S. Roe. 
'68— Durfee Wilcox. 
'69 — John Everett. 
'70 — Morgan Cookingham. 
'71 — Durfee Wilcox. 
'72 — Johh G. Mead. 
'73 — Morgan Cookingham. 
'74— Durfee Wilcox. 
'75 — John G. Mead. 
'76 — James B. Wiley. 

* By Chapter 315, Laws of 1845, one Superintendent of the Poor was directed 
to be elected by the people at the general election, and his term of office com- 
menced on the third Monday of November. 

fBy Chapter 498, Laws of 1847, three Superintendents of the Poor were 
directed to be elected at the general election of 1848, to be classified for one, 
two and three years, and thereafter one was to be elected annually, to hold 
oflSce three years. 


1877 — D wight Flint. 
'78— John G. Mead. 
'79 — James B. Wiley. 
'80— D wight Flint. 
'&i— William W. Burbank. 
'82 — James B. Wiley. 


Elected May 6, 1823 — Russell Whipple, Sanford Sisson, 
Andrew G. Low, Wm. P. Capron. 

November, 1825 — Russell Whipple, George Smith, Wm. 
Terry, Garry Burnham. 

November, 1828 — Calvin D. Falmeter, James Edwards, 
Ira White, James Dickson. 

1 83 1 — Joseph Williams, James Dickson, Ira White, Harlow 

1832 — Theodore Partridge, Philip Grandin, Abraham 

1833 — John Condit. 

'34 — Joseph Williams. 

•35_Wm. W. Willets. 

'36 — John J. Dickson, Abel Wyman, James Satterlee. 

'37 — Samuel C. Cuyler, Maltby Clark. 

'38 — Theodore Partridge. 

'39 — Thomas I. Romeyn, Joseph A. Phelps. 

'40— Maltby Clark. 

'41 — Theodore Partridge. 

'42 — George E. Dill, Peter Thatcher. 

'43 — Bruce Everson. 

'44 — Daniel F. Luce. 

'45 — Caleb A. Carpenter, Oren Gaylord, Edward Beach. 

'47 — John N. Harder. 

'48 — John F. Packard,Thomas Wickham, DuncanWilson. 

'50 — Daniel Jemison. • 

'51 — Samuel Miller, Jesse Owen, Daniel Grandin. 

'52 — Harlow Hyde. 

'53— Wm. Culliford. 

'S4 — James W. Pennington, Daniel Grandin. 

'55— Nathan P. Colvin. 

'56 — Daniel Conger. 

'57- — Daniel Grandin, Fenner Palmer. 

'58— Henry D. Whitbeck. 

'59^Henry C. Rice. 

'60 — Russell Allyn,- Fenner Palmer. 

'61 — Joseph F. Case. 

'62 — Henry C. Rice. 


1863— Russell Allyn, Henry R. Taber. 
'64 — Samuel Weed. 
'65 — David R. Hamilton. 
'66 — Henry M. GrifRn, George G. Jessup. 
'67 — Samuel Weed. 
'68 — David R. Hamilton. 
'69 — Abraham J. Barhite, George G. Jessup. 
'70 — Samuel Weed. 
'71— A. F. Gillette. 
'72— Charles H. Kelly. 

'73 — Alfred P. Crafts, Alexander G. Austin. 
'74— A. F. Gillette. 
>5— Charles H. Kelly. 
'76— Alfred P. Crafts, John D. Briggs. 
^7 — George P. Livingston. 
•78— Charles H. Kelly. 
'79 — Eben W. Newbury, John D. Briggs. 
'80 — George P. Livingston. 
'8i— John Pitkin. 
'82 — Eben W. Newbury, John D. Briggs. 


^49 — John J. Dickson, Clark Mason. 
'50 — Harlow Hyde, Nathan Bostwick. 
'51— William A. Fuller, Manlius W. Gage. 
'52 — Isaac E. Beecher, William A. Fuller. 
'53 — Theodore Dickinson, William A. Fuller. 
'54 — Chauncey B. Collins, Reuben T. Conklin. 
'55 — Harvey Miller, Marvin Rich. 
'56— Harvey Miller, Ira S. Beal. 
'57 — Isaac Z. Hodges, Theodore Dickinson. 
'58 — Joseph F. Case, Theodore Dickinson. 
'59 — Luther M. Norton. Simon V. W. Stout. 
'60— Aldice P. Warren, Merritt Purdy. 
'61— George E. Dill, Simon V. W. Stout. 
'62— Merritt Purdy, Simon V. W. Stout. 
'63— Simon V. W. Stout, George E. Dill. 
'64 — Henry R. Tabor, Alonzo W. Casey. 
'65 — Henry R. Tabor, Alonzo W. Casey. 
'66 — Joseph F. Case, George E. Dill. 
'67 — Joseph F. Case, George E. Dill. 
'68— Joseph Peacock, Reuben T. Conklin. 
'69 — :Canneld C. Teall, John L. Hedden. 
'70 — Alonzo W. Casey, Thomas Johnson. 
'71 — Richard T. Ellison, Alonzo W. Casey. 
'72 — John L. Hedden, Eben W. Newbury. 


1873— John D. Bennett, Edgar W. Kelly. 
'74— John D. Bennett, Edgar W. Kelly. 
'75_John D. Bennett, Alanson Church. 
•■jd — John D. Bennett, Alonzo W. Casey. 
•'J-] — Henry R. Tabor, Alonzo W. Casey. 
'78 — Jacob T. Van Buskirk, Alanson Church. 
"70 — Richard T. Ellison, Alanson Church. 
'80 — Fred A. Peacock, Alanson Church. 
'8 1 — Charles O. Peterson, Samuel A. Jones. 
'82 — Charles O. Peterson, Samuel A. Jones. 


The first meeting of the Board of Supervisors of Wayne 
County, was held at Henry L. Woolsey's hotel, in the village 
of Lyons, on the first Tuesday of October, 1823. The Super- 
visors present were Eli Frisbie, of Galen ; Robert W. Ash- 
ley, of Lyons ; Abraham Spear, of Macedon ; Luther Fill- 
more, of Ontario ; William Rogers, Jr., of Palmyra ; Arad 
Tallcott, of Wolcott ; Russell Whipple, of Williamson. 

Luther Fillmore, of Ontario, was chosen chairman, and 
Robert W. Ashley, clerk /ro tern. Alexander R. Tiffany was 
afterwards chosen permanent clerk. Samuel Hecox was 
elected Treasurer of the county. His bond was required 
to be made in the sum of $20,000, and the sureties were 
Cyrus Hecox, Jacob Leach and Stephen M. Palmer, all of 
Lyons. The Board approved the bonds and sureties of the 
committee who had charge of the erection of the public 
buildings of the county. Ebenezer Smith, of Lyons, was 
allowed seventy-six dollars and sixty-two cents damages on 
account of a road laid out through his improved land, and 
two dollars and twenty-five cents costs. The same sum was 
voted to Joseph Luce, of Lyons, for a like purpose. 

Peter Brinkerhoff, of Wolcott, on account of similar dam- 
ages, was allowed eighteen dollars, and Thomas Armstrong, 
two hundred and forty dollars ; Peter Eddy, of Williamson, 
ten dollars, and David Eddy, eleven dollars ; Levi Ward, of 
Macedon, fifteen dollars and eighty-three cents; Zina L. 
Buck, twenty-two dollars and fifty cents, and Reuben Starks, 
seventeen dollars and fifty cents, to be assessed on' Palmyra 
and Macedon ; also to be assessed on the same towns, dam- 
ages to Darius Comstock, Otis Comstock and Asa B. Smith, 
two hundred and five dollars and seven cents. 


Five thousand dollars were appropriated for contingent 
purposes, including twenty-five hundred to build court 
house and jail. A State tax of one mill on the dollar, was 
ordered to be raised. 

The town of Wolcott was assessed sixty-five dollars and 
sixty-eight cents, to be paid to Kitchel Bell, Peter Pratt and 
Hastings Curtiss, for services as a commission to lay out a 
road, it is presumed, or to appraise damages. It was voted 
that five per cent, be added to all sums required to be col- 
lected. In accordance with a law passed by the Legislature 
directing a road to be. laid out in the town of Wolcott, five 
mills was assessed on each dollar of the valuation of farms 
adjoining said road. 

Bills were audited in favor of Samuel Strong, Oliver P. 
Ashley, William D. Ford, Henry L. Woolsey, William H. 
Adams, John Barber, Seth Eddv, Nell Alexander, Thomas 
Wickham, Daniel Grandin, John R. Taintor, Alexander B. 
Roys, Samuel Hecox, Samuel Soverhill, George B. Brinker- 
hoff, David Arne, Jr., Jacob M. Gilbert, George Smith, John 
M. Gillespie, Henry Parks, James Reeves, Oliver Clark, 
Stephen J. Hazard, John Lewis, Zadock Huggins, Andrew 
Cornwell, George Crane, Isaac Durfee, Nathaniel Kellogg, 
Simeon Griswold, William Patrick, Marvin Rich, Abraham 
Spear, Alexander R. Tiffany, Israel J. Richardson, John S. 
Tallmadge, Joel Blakeman, David Hanchett, A. Dorsey, 
Jonathan Boynton, Annanias Wells, Stephen Ferguson, 
Reuben H. Foster, James Dickson, Thomas Armstrong, 
Newell Taft, William Voorhies, Abner Brown, and Sanford 

The real estate of each town was stated as follows ; Galen, 
$385,531; Lyons, $518,709; Macedon, $289,571; Ontario, 
$270,227; Palmyra, $358,654; Sodus, $261,273; Williamson, 
$297,232 ; Wolcott, $389,136. 

The personal estate was given at the following figures : 
Galen, $7,499 ; Lyons, $21,224 ; Macedon, $19,973 ; Ontario, 
$2,750; Palmyra, $49,306 ;■ Sodus, $3,377 ; Williamson, $11,- 
989 ; Wolcott, $2,997. 

At that time Lyons included what is now Arcadia. Wol- 
cott included Huron, Rose and Butler; Galen included 


Savannah ; Williamson included Marion ; and Ontario in- 
cluded Walworth. 

The presiding officers of the Board have been as follows : 
Luther Fillmore, 1823-24; Russell Whipple, 1825; James 
P. Bartle, 1826; Russell Whipple, i827-'28; Thomas Arm- 
strong, i829-'30-'3i ; Luther Fillmore, 1832; Thomas Arm- 
strong, 1833 ; Russell Whipple, 1834 ; James P. Bartle, 1835 ; 
Daniel Poppino, 1836; Ambrose Salisbury, 1837; James P- 
Bartle, 1838 ; John Adams, i839-'40 ; Joseph Patterson, 1841 ; 
By ram Green, 1842; Alanson M. Knapp, 1843; Thomas 
Armstrong, 1844; Philander Mitchell, 1845; John Dradt, 
1846; John McLouth, 1847; Philander Mitchell, 1848-49; 
Thomas Armstrong, i850-'5i; William D. Wylie, 1852; 
Eron N. Thomas, 1853 J Israel R. Southard, 1854; James D. 
Ford, 1855; Philander Mitchell, 1856; Elias Durfee, 1857; 
A. P. Crandall, 1858; Elias Durfee, 1859; James M. Servis, 
i86o-'6i ; Elon St. John, 1862 ; Jackson Valentine, 1863; 
Benjamin J. Hance, 1864-65; A. J. Bixby, 1866; Jackson 
Valentine, 1867-68; William R. Stults, i869-'7o; Benjamin 
J. Hance, i87i-'72-'73-'74 ; John E. Hough, i875-'76-'77; 
Alanson Church, 1878; Rowland Robinson, 1879; John P. 
Bennett, i88q-'8i-'82. 


Alexander R. Tiffany, 1823 to 1831 ; George W. Scott, 
1832-33; Pomeroy Tucker, 1834-35, and resigned during 
session of 1836; Thomas Lakey, 1836 to 1840; George W. 
Scott, 1841 ; Robert W.' Ashley, 1842 to 1845 ; Charies A. 
Hart, 1846; Nathaniel Merrill, 1847, 1848, 1849; John Boylan, 
1850 to 1853; C. P. Hopkins, 1854; R. K. Andrews, 1855; 
J. F. Harrison, 1856 ; John A. Boyd, 1857, 1858, 1859 ; E- Will- 
ard Sherman, i860 to 1870; Charles P. Patterson, 1 871 to 
1882 (twelve years), and the present incumbent of the office. 

Before giving the record of town organizations, it is inter- 
esting to notice that the old town of Canandaigua included 
all the territory of the nine western towns of Wayne county. 


To show the few names from Wayne county in those 
earliest years, we insert the town officers of Canandaigua in 
full for five years, 1791 to 1795 inclusive.* 

{From Canandaigua Town Records.) 


Supervisor — Israel Chapin. 

Town Clerk — James D. Fish. 

Assessors— ]o\in Call, Enos Boughton, Seth Reed, Nathan 
Comstock, James Austin, Arnold Potter, Nathaniel Norton. 

Collectors — Phinehus Bates, John Codding. 

Overseers of the Poor — Israel Chapin, Nathaniel Gorham. 

Commissioners of Highways — Othniel Taylor, Joseph Smith, 
Benjamin Wells. 

Constables — Nathaniel Sanborh, Jared Boughton, Phineas 

Overseers of Highways and Fence Viewers — James Latta, 
Joshua Whitney, John Swift, Daniel Gates, Jabez French, 
Gamaliel Wilder, Abner Barlow, Isaac Hathaway, Hezekiah. 
Boughton, Eber Norton, WiUiam Gooding, John D. Rob- 


Supervisor — Israel Chapin. 

Town Clerk — James D. Fisk. 

Assessors — JudahColt, David White, Ezra Patterson, Enos 
Boughton, Nathaniel Norton, Levi Parrish, Elijah Wilder. 

Collectors — Phinehas Bates, Noah Porter, Solomon Warner, 
Jonathan Edwards, Eber Norton, Elias Gilbert, Aaron Rice. 

Overseers of the Poor — Moses Atwater, Israel Chapin. 

Commissioners of Highways — Othniel Taylor, John Swift, 
Eber Norton. 

Constables — Jarvis Rose, John Russell, Asa Ransom, Sey- 
mour Boughton, Benjamin Keyes, Jonathan Lee, Elizur 

Overseers of Highways and Fence Viewers — Orange Brace, 
Luke Phelps, Hugh Jameson, Israel Chapin, Jr., Job 
Durfee, Bennett Gates, Nathan Aldrich, Thomas Sisson, 
Phineahas Stevens, Sanford Williams. 

* A similar record has been sought for Eastern Wayne, through town records 
of Junius, or "Washington," but has not been secured in time for this chapter. 
If found, it will appear in the Appendix. 



Overseers of Highways — John D. Robinson, Jonathan 
Oakes, James Rice, Jabez Morehouse, John Keyes, Nathaniel 
Norton, William Gooding, William Watkins, Elias Gilbert, 
Ephraim Wilder. 

Pound Master — Moses Barlow. 

Inspectors of Lumber — Othniel Taylor, Jerome Loomis, 
Phinehas Bates, Joseph Kilburn, Davi'd Gilbert, Eiam Crane, 
Israel Chapman, Jr. 

Scaler of Weights and Measures — Samuel Gardner. 

Sealer of Leather — Daniel Shaw. 


Supervisor—\sT2i^ Chapin. 

Town Clerk — Samuel Gardner. 

Assessors — Moses Atwater, David White, David Suther- 
land, Enos Boughton, Nathaniel Norton, Levi Parrish, Elijah 

Commissioners of Highways — Othniel Taylor, Ephraim 
Wilder, John Adams. 

Constables — Orange Brace, Thomas Rogers, Francis Briggs, 
Seymour Boughton, Benjamin Keyes, Joel Watkins, Elizur 

Pound Masters— Ahner Barlow, Abraham Lane, John 
Russell, James Gooding. 

Collectors — Phinehas Bates, Noah Porter, Jared Boughton, 
John D. Robinson, Israel Beach, Elias Gilbert, Eliezur Hills. 

Overseers of the Poor — Abner Barlow, Israel Chapin, Jr. 

Overseers of the Highways — Timothy Dunham, David 
Sutherland, Charles Adams, Isaac Watkins, Bebus McKin- 
ney, James Austin, John Codding, Israel Beach, Wilham 
Markham, Eber Norton, Joseph Brace, Levi Haycock, 
Daniel Shaw, Rufus Case/ Moses Gunn, Samuel Day, Sr., 
Nathan Aldridge, Uriiis Gumenstalk, William Rogers, 
Philetus Swift. 


Supervisor — Israel Chapin. 

Town Clerk — James D. Fish. 

Assessors — Israel Chapin, Jr., William Rogers, Arnold 
Potter, Jared Boughton, Eber Norton, Jabez Metcalf, 
John Codding. 

Collectors — Jonathan Barlow, Jonathan Warner, Otis Com- 
stock, William Burnet, Benjamin Wilson, Benjamin Tib- 
betts, Theophilus Allen. 


Overseers of the Poor — Martin Dudley, Phinehas Bates. 

Coinmissioners of Highways — Othniel Taylor, William 
Gooding, Jared Boughton. 

Constables — Gideon Dudley, Timothy Smith, Pardon Dur- 
fee, Reuben Parish, Seymour Boughton, Jr., Allen Sage, 
Faunce Codding, Elisha Granger, Benjamin Brown. 

Overseers of Highways — Francis Briggs, Jabez French, 
James Lewis, Ephraim Cleaveland, Jr. 

Overseers of Highways a?td Fence Viewers — Robert Wiley, 
David Wilder, Nathaniel Fisher, Israel Beach, Erod Hop- 
kins, Joel Steele, Seymour Boughton, Samuel Bunklebank, 
John Clark, Seth Ilolcomb, Nathan Waldon, Joab Gillet, 
Jonathan Smith, Joseph Bradish, Cyrus Parker, John 
Crandall, David H. Foster, William Burnet, Robert Whit- 
aker, Seth Spraguejoseph Sanders. 

. Pound Masters — Abner Barlow, Abram Lane, James Good- 
ing, William Jackways. 


Supervisor-. — Israel Chapin. 

Toivn Clerk — John Wickham. 

Assessors — Phineas Bates, WiUiam Rogers, Arnold Potter, 
Jared Boughton, Daniel Chapin, Jabez Metcalf, John Cod- 

Collectors — Thaddeus Remington, Jonathan Warner, Jona- 
than Smith, William Adams, Levi Parrish, George Cod- 
ding, Jr., Pierce Granger. 

Coinmissioners of Highways — Benjamin Wells, Asher Sax- 
ton, Daniel Brainerd. 

Constables — Dirck Speer, Stephen Bates, Samuel Ballard, 
Reuben Parrish, Jabez Morehouse, Jr., John Keyes, James 
Gooding, David Herman, Robert Perry. 

Pound Masters — Thaddeus Remington, Francis Briggs, 
James Gooding, Reuben Town, Nathan Watkins. 

Poor Masters — William Clark, Martin Dudley. 

Overseers of Highways — George Bates, Rouse Perry, Mi- 
chael Pierce, Jabez Metcalf, John Johnson, Nathan Allen, 
James Gooding, Gideon King, Elijah Rose, Jonathan Adams, 
Elisha Brace, Jonathan Barlow. 

Overseers of Highways and Fence Viewers — Gideon Dud- 
ley, Hugh Jameson, Elijah Hamlon, Matthew Sweet, John 
Dillons, Abiather Powers, Bennett Bates, Jacob Gannet, 
John Russell, Humphrey Sherman, Pierce Granger, William 
Wyckoff, William Durston, Abraham Lane, Rufus Case, 
Elam Crane, Joel Howe, John Sutherland, Philander Saxton. 




SODUS was formed by an order of Court, January, 1789. It 
included the present territory of six other towns, viz. : Will- 
iamson, Ontario, Marion and Walworth, taken off under the 
name of Williamson February 20, 1802 ; Lyons and Arcadia 
taken off, as Lyons, March i, 181 1. 

The town derives its name from the Bay, and the latter 
was known to the early French explorers as Osoenodus ; 
probably changed in common usage to Sodus. The first 
recorded town meeting was held April 2, 1799, ^t the house 
of Evert Van Wickle, a mile or more west of what is now 
Lyons village, on the Lyman farm, so-called. 

The first town meeting after Lyons was taken off, and 
Sodus reduced to nearly its present dimensions, was held in 
181 1, at the house of Daniel Arms, then standing in what is 
now an old orchard near the present residence of Edward 
Messenger, at Wallington. 

Supervisors — Azariah Willis, elected in the spring of 1799 !* 
Timothy Smith, 1800, '01 ; John Perrine, 1802, '03 ; Daniel Dor- 
sey, 1804, '05, '06; Gilbert Howell, 1807, '08, '09, '10 ; Nathan- 
iel Merrills, 181 1, '12, 13 ; Enoch Morse, 18 14 to 1824, eleven 
years; Jonathan L. Powell, 1825, '26; Byram Green, 1827; 
William Danforth, 1828 to 1832, five years; James Edwards, 
1833, '34; Robert A. Paddock, 1835, '36, '37; William 
Edwards, 1838, '39; Byram Green, 1840; Charles W. 
Rees, 1841 ; Byram Green, 1842 ; Alanson M. Knapp, 1843, 
'44; Alexander B. Williams, 1845; Jerry C. Rogers, 1846; 
Thomas Wickham, 1847; Jedediah Allen, 1848; Andrus 
A. Whitbeck, 1849; Alanson M. Knapp, 1850; Jerry C. 
Rogers, 1851, '52; Alanson M. Knapp, 1853; Aldice P- 
Warren, 1854; Noadiah M. Hill, 1855; David Poucher, 
1856, '57, '58 ; Merritt Thornton, 1859, '60, '61 ; Levi Gurnee, 
1862; Durfee Wilcox, 1863, '64; George W. Tillotson, 1865; 

*The full list of town officers chosen at the lirst meeting, 1799, were : Aza- 
riah Willis, Supervisor ; Joseph Taylor, Town Clerk ; Norman Mary, Samuel 
Caldwell, Charles Cameron, Assessors ; Moses Gill, Evert "Van Wickle, Timothy 
Smith, Commissioners of Highways ; David Sweezey, Joseph Wood, Constables ; 
David Sweezey, Collector ; John Van Wickle, Sen., Pence Viewer ; William 
White, Keuben Adams, Poormasters ; Daniel Kussell, Henry Lovewell, Will- 
iam White. Pathmasters. 


Lewis Bates, 1866, '67 ; George W. Tillotson, 1868, '69, 70, '71 ; 
Lewis Bates, 1872, '73, '74 ; David Poucher, 1875 ; Charles 
D. Gaylord, 1876; Rowland Robinson, 1877 ^o 1880, four 
years ; Lewis H. Clark, 1881, '82, '83. 

Palmyra was formed by an order of Court January, 1789. 
Macedon was taken off in 1823. Palmyra was first known 
as Swift-Town, and then Tolland ; but neither was satisfac- 
tory to the people, and at a meeting held January 4, 1796, 
they agreed upon the name Palmyra. It is said to have 
been suggested by Daniel Sawyer, brother of Mrs. John 
Swift, who was reading ancient history and had become 
interested in Palmyra of old. The first town meeting 
recorded was held the first Tuesday in April, 1796, "at the 
house of Gideon Durf ee." This was on the. place now owned 
by the heirs of Captain Ira Lakey, deceased, about half a 
mile east of the railroad station at Palmyra. 

Supervisojs — John Swift, elected in 1796;* Jonah Howtll, 
1797, 98; John Swift, 1799, 1800, '01, '02; Nathan Comstock, 
1803; John Swift, 1804, '05, '06; William Rogers, 1807, '08; 
Pardon Durfee, 1809 to 1814, six years; David White, 1815 
to 1820, six years ; James White, 1821, '22 ; William Rogers, 
1823; Stephen Sherman, 1824; Frederick Smith, 1825; 
Stephen Sherman, 1826; Frederick Smith, 1827, '28 ; Am- 
brose Salisbury, 1829, '30, '31; Frederick Smith, 1832, '33, 
'34; Ambrose Salisbury, 1835, '36, '37; George W. Cuyler, 
1838, '39; James Hubbell, 1840, '41; Ambrose Salisbury, 
1842; Samuel Cole, 1843; Samuel E. Hudson, 1844; Pome- 
roy Tucker, 1845; WilHam Beals, 1846; Augustus Elmen- 
dorf, 1847, '48; Thomas W. Gurney; 1849; Augustus Elmen- 
dorf, 1850; Pomeroy Tucker, 1851, 52; Abraham I. Carl, 
1853 ; Philip Palmer, 1854; Charles E. Thurber, 1855 ; A. P. 

* The full list of town oflBcers chosen in Palmyra at the first meeting, 1796, 
were : John Swift, Supervisor ; Jonathan Edwards, Town Clerk ; Jonathan 
Warner, Festus Goldsmith, Humphrey Sherman, Assessors ; William Porter, 
Collector ; Noah Porter, Thomas Goldsmith, Overseers of the Poor ; Jared Com- 
stock, Reuben Town, William Rogers, Commissioners of Highways ; Joseph 
Bradish, James Reieves, Constables ; James Reeves, John Hurlburt, Joel Foster, 
Festus Goldsmith, Edward Durfee, Luther Sanford, David Warner, Benjamin 
Wood, Abner Hill, Cyrus Parker, Henry Wilbur, Thomas Hamilton, Henry 
Lovewell, Norman Mary, Nathan Harris, Jacob Gannett, Pathmasters. 


Crandall,i856, 57, '58 ; William H. Bowman, 1859; William 
B. Crandall, i860 ; Henry S. Flower, 1861 to 1865, five years ; 
Charles J. Ferrin, 1866; Charles D. Johnson, 1867, '68, '69, 
'70; William Foster, 1871 ; Henry P. Knowles, 1872, '73; 
Robert Johnson, 1874; George Harrison, 1875 to 1879, five 
years; Henry M. Clark, 1880, '81 ; Nelson Reeves, 1882, 83. 

Williamson was formed from Sodus, February 20, 1802, 
and named for Charles Williamson, the first land agent of 
the Pultney estate. Ontario, including Walworth, was taken 
off in 1807, and Marion, in 1825. 

The first town meeting of Williamson, was held in March, 
1803, at the house of Timothy Smith, at Marion Corners. 
The site is not certainly determined. It is believed to have 
been at what is known at the " Upper Corners." The pres- 
ent place of Frank W. Langley, was a tavern, sixty or seventy 
years ago, and may have been the place of the town meet- 
ing in 1807. 

Supervisors — Luke Phelps, 1803 to 1808, six years ; Jacob W. 
Hallett, 1809, '10, '11 ; Stephen H. Caldwell, 1812 to 1816, five 
years; David Eddy, 1817, '18, '19, '20; Russell Whipple, 1821 
'22; FreemanHart, 1823 ; Russell Whipple, 1824 to 1 831, eight 
years; Abel Brockway, 1832; Russell Whipple, 1833, '34; 
Daniel Poppino, i835,'36 ; John Borradaile, i&37,'38 ; William 
Johnson, 1839, '40; Jedediah Allen, 1 841, '42 ; William John- 
son, 1843, '44 ; Daniel Grandin, 1845 ; John Cottrell, 1846, '47, 
'48; WiUiam I. Stoutenberg, 1849; Hiram Gallup, 1850; 
Hayden W.Curtis, 1851-52; John S.Todd, 1853; Asahel 
Todd, 1854; EHas Cady, 1855 ; William H.Rogers, i856-,'57, 
'58/59; Benjamin Hance, 1 860 to 1874, fifteen years ; Wash- 
ington H. Throop, 187s, '76, yy, '78 ; John P. Bennett, 1879, 
'80, '8 1, '82, '83. 

WoLCOTT was formed from Junius, Seneca county, March 
24, 1807, though the town vi'as not organized under the law, 
until 1 8 10. Butler, Rose and Huron were taken off in 1826. 
The Wolcott records were destroyed by fire about fifteen 
years ago ; but it is understood that the first town meeting 
was held the first Tuesday of April, 18 10, in the grist-mill 
then owned by Jonathan Melvin. The site has been occu- 


pied by a grist-mill to the present time, and is now the 
property of the Rumsey estate. 

Supervisors — Osgood Church, 1810, '11,12, '13;* Adonijah 
Church, i8i4,'i5, '16, '17 ; G.L. Nicholas, 181 8, (succeeded the 
same year byThomas Armstrong) ; Jesse Mathews, 18 19; Geo. 
B. Brinkerhoff, 1820; Norman Sheldon, i82i,'22; Arad Tall- 
cott, 1823; Norman Sheldon, 1824, '25 ; David Arne, Jr., 
1826, '27, '28; Daniel Roe, Jr., 1829 to '34, six years; Abel 
Lyon, 1835; David Arne, Jr., 1836; Abel Lyon, 1837, '38, 
'39; James M. Wilson, 1840, '41 ; WilHam O.Wood, 1842, 
'43, '44; Aaron H. Boylan, 1845; James M.Wilson, 1846; 
William O.Wood, 1847, '48-'49; James M. Wilson, 1850; E. L. 
Leavenworth, 1851; James M. Wilson, 1852, '53; E. L. 
Leavenworth, 1854; W. J. Preston, 1855 ; John Boylan, 1856; 
Andrews Preston, 1857 ; James M. Wilson, 1858, '59; Thad- 
deus W. Collins, i860; Amos Nash, 1861 ; William O. 
Wood, 1862, '63, '64, '65 ; Edwin H. Draper, 1866 to 1870, 
fiveyears ; James W. Snyder, 1871 ; Edwin H. Draper, 1872 
to 1877, six years; Marion Conklin, 1878, '79) '80, '81 ; Myron 
Wood, 1882, '83. 

Ontario was formed from Williamson under the name of 
"Freetown" March 27, 1807; afterwards taking the name of 
the Lake which bounds it on the North. Walworth was 
taken off in 1829. The town records were destroyed some 
years ago and the place where the first town meeting was 
held is not easily ascertained. 

* Osgood Church was a local agent for the sale of lands on the Williamson 
Patent. This patent was granted in compensation for the loss of lands in the 
Gore. His account-book of contracts is still extant, and in possession of Hiram 
Church, of Wolcott. It is a very important record, opening with the account, 
of Abraham Bunce, under date of June 16, 1808, and shows the names of one 
hundred and seventeen early settlers, in the present towns of Wolcott, Butler, 
Rose and Huron. Osgood Church settled in Wolcott, in the spring of 1808. 
He was from New Marlboro, Mass. Mr. Church executed this sale of lands 
under the general agency of Frederick Wolcott, on behalf of Charles William- 
son, and his successor, Robert Troup. It is the opinion of Hiram Church, that 
his father suggested the name of Wolcott for this town, in honor of his prin- 

The five years, 1812 to 1816, are somewhat conjectural. Hiram Church is 
of the opinion that his father served four years, and that Adonijah Church sue-- 
ceeded next. 


Supervisors — The names of the Supervisors prior to 1823 
have not been secured for the same reason and because the 
records of the Ontario County Board of Supervisors are 
also missing for the early years. 

Luther Fillmore, 1823 to 1828, six years ; Joseph Patterson, 
1829; Henry L. Gilbert, 1830; Joseph Patterson 1831, '32; 
John Stolp, 2nd, 1833, '34; Joseph Patterson, 1835, '36; 
Joseph W. Gates,- 1837, '38, '39; William A. Fuller, 1840; 
Joseph Patterson, 1 841, '42; Ira Hill, 1843 ; Billings P. Bab- 
cock, 1844; Joseph W. Gates, 1845, '46, '47; Elihu Durfee, 
1848; Benjamin Mack, 1849, '50; D. Whitcomb, 1851 ; Ira 
Hill, 1852; Joseph Patterson, 1853; Ezra Duel, 1854; Abel 
J. Bixby, 1855 ; Benjamin Mack, 1856; Abel J. Bixby, 1857 ; 
Ezra Duel, 1858 ; Stephen N. Maine, 1859 ; Joseph W. Gates, 
i860; Theophilus Williams, 1861, '62, '63; Abel J. Bixby, 
1864, '65, '66; John C. Houck, 1867, '68; Abel J. Bixby, 
1869; Rensselaer Palmer, 1870; Abel J. Bixby, 1871 ; 
Joseph Middleton, 1872 ; Francis A. Hill, 1873, '74 ; E.Munsell 
Davis, 1875; Byron W Gates, 1876; Stephen N. Maine, 
1877, '78, '79, '80, '81, 82 ; F. A. Hill, 1883. 

Lyons was formed from Sodus, March i, 1811, taking the 
name of the village which is said to have been given to the 
place by Capt. Williamson from some fancied resemblance 
in situation to the city of that name in France. Arcadia was 
taken off in 1825. The town records for the early years are 
missing, and the Supervisors' records of Ontario county are 
lost ; therefore the early supervisors cannot be given prior 
to 1823.* 

Supervisors — Robert W. Ashley 1823; James P. Bartle, 1824 ; 
Oliver Allen, 1825, '26; Robert W. Ashley, 1827, '28, '29, '30; 
Abel Lyman, 1831 ; Eli Johnson, 1832, '33 ; John M. Holley, 
1834, '35, '36, '37; Nelson Peck, 1838; John Adanas, 1839, 
'40; John Lay ton, 1841 ; Aaron Remsen, 1842 ; CuUen Foster, 
1843 ; Thomson Harrington, 1844, '45 ; John Layton, 1846, 
'47, '48, '49; Cullen Foster, 1859; Aaron Remsen, 185 1 ; Jas, 
Rogers, 1852; W. W. Sanford, 1853; Bartlett R. Rogers, 
1854; Dewitt W. Parshall, 1855 ; Miles S. Leach, 1856; John 

* The place of the first town meeting was the Cronise farm a few miles west 
of Lyons village. 


Adams, 1857; Caleb Rice, 1858; Bartlett R. Rogers, 1859, 
'60, '61 ; Miles S. Leach, 1862, '63, '64, '65, '66, 'ej, '68 ; Nelson 
R. Mirick, 1870, '71, '72, '73, '74; Wm. VanMarter, 1875, '76, 
'77; George W. Cramer, 1878, '79; Leman Hotchkiss, 1880, 
'81, '82; M. H. Dillenbeck, 1883. 

Galen was formed from Junius, Seneca county, February 
14, 1812. The town was a part of the military lands, and the 
towns upon those lands received ^classical names. Galen 
was so named in view of the fact that several surgeons of the 
Revolutionary army drew lands in that town and the name of 
the famous physician . and surgeon of the second century 
was an appropriate selection from the noted men of antiquity. 
The place of the first town meetingis not ascertained, as the 
■early records are destroyed.* 

Supervisors — Jonathan Melvin, 1812; James Dickson, 
1813, '14, '15 ; Loammi Beadle, i8i6,'i7; Ann4nias Wells, 
1818; Benjamin Langdon, 1819; Annanias Wells, 1820; James 
Dickson, 1821 ; Annanias Wells, 1822 ; Eli Frisbie, 1823, '24; 
Annanias Wells, 1825 to 1830, six years; James Humiston, 
1 83 1 ; Annanias Wells, 1832, '33, '34, '35 ; Hiram Smith, 1836 ; 
Annanias Wells, 1837; Hiram P- Jones, 1838, '39; Ananias 
Wells, 1840; Aaron V. Waterbury, 1841, '42 ; Israel R. South- 
ard, 1843, '44, '45, '46; Aaron V. Waterbury, 1847; Samuel 
S. Briggs, 1848; Isaac Miller, 1849; Wm. C. Ely, 1850; B. 
H. Streeter, 1851 ; Zina Hooker, 1852, '53; Israel R. South- 
ard, 1854, '55, '56, '57, '58, '59; Byron Ford, i860; Albert F. 
Redfield, 1861, '62, '63 ; Porter G. Denison, 1864, '65, '66; 
Mathew Mackie, 1867; Stephen .D. Streeter, 1868, '69; 
Edward B. Wells, 1870, '71 ; Mathew Mackie, 1872 ; Emory 
W. Gurnee, 1873 ; E. W. Sherman, 1874, '75 ; Thomas P. Thorn, 
1876; Elijah P- Taylor, Jr., 1877, '78; Adrastus Snedaker, 
1879; Albert F. Redfield, 1880, '81; Marvin S. Roe, 1882; 
George G. Roe, 1883. 

Macedon was formed from Palmyra, January 29, 1823. 
No special reason for the name has been discovered in our 

* Subsequent enquiry has shown that the first town meeting of Galen was 
leld at the house of Jonathan Melvin, which stood on the site of the present 
residence of Mrs. Elizabeth Gordon. 


enquiries* The first town meeting was held February il, 
1823, at the house. of Lydia Porter. It stood about a mile 
and a half west of Macedon village, and was destroyed by 
fire in the summer of 1881. It was for many years kept as 
a tavern, being on the old Rochester road traveled by stage 


Supervisors— KkiXdim. Spear, 1823, '24, '25 ; Charles Bradish, 
1826; Abraham Spear, 18^27, '28 ; George Crane, 1829, '30,'3r ; 
Abraham Spear, 1832, '3*3; John Lapham, 1834; Charles 
Bradish, 1835; Isaac* Durfee, 1836, '37; Charles Bradish, 
1838, '39, '40; Thomas Barnes, i84i,'42, '43; Alexander C. 
Purdy, 1844, '45; John Lapham, 1846, '47; Abiel D. Gage, 
1848; Samuel Everett, 1849; Nathan Lapham, 1850; Evert 
Bogardus, 1851, '52; A. P. Crandall, 1853, "54; George C. 
Everett, 1855; Purdy M. Willets, 1856; Lemuel Durfee, 
1857; Joab S. Biddlecome, 1858, '59, '60; Thomas W. Mead, 
1861, '62, '63 ; Robert H. Jones, 1864, '65 ; Marvin A. Eddy, 
1866; Walter W. Brace, 1867; H.H. Hoag, i868,'69; Lyman 
Bickford, i870,'7i,'72; Wallace W. Mumford, 1873; Lyman 
Bickford, 1874; Wallace W. Mumford, 1875; Jeremiah 
Thistlewaite, 1876; Charles B. Herendeen, 1877, 78, '79 ; 
Hiram C. Durfee, 1880, '81 ; Daniel S. Shourds, 1882 ; Geo. 
W. Kirkpatrick, 1883. 

Savannah was formed from Galen, November 24, 1824. 
The name was suggested by the swamps and low grounds 
which characterized the town, particularly at an early day.f 
The first town meeting was held at the " Crusoe House," 
April 5, 1825. The place was then owned by Elias Converse, 
and was a favorite stopping place in the early times. The 
house is still standing on the road north of the village of 
Savannah, though the noise and revelry of early times long 
since ceased in its old-fashioned rooms. It is now owned by 
J. B. Laird. 

*Dr. Plunkett Richardson was active at Albany, in securing the legislation 
necessary to organize the town, and undoubtedly suggested the name. 

f H. H. -Wheeler writes : — With a morass nearly two miles wide on the east, 
and one mile wide on the west, the two spanned on the north by a swamp 
extending up to South Butler, and including Crbsoe Lake and Turtle Pond, it 
is not strange that the town should have been called "Savannah." 


Supervisors— RusseW Palmer, elected in 1825, '26; David 
Cushman, 1827/28; Russell Palmer, 1829; Jonathan Beadle, 
1830; Russell Palmer, 1831; Luther Chapin, i832,'33 ; 
Harvey Cooley, i834,'35 ; Charles A. Rose, 1836; Chauncey 
Ives, 1837,* '38, '39, '40, '41 ; Winans S. Winnegar, 1842; 
Nelson Payne, 1843, '44; Sylvanus D. Thompson, 1845 ; Nel- 
son Payne, 1846; Chauncey T. Ives, 1847, '48 ; Nelson Payne, 
1849 ; Benajah Abrams, 1850; Charles D. Hadden, 1 851, '52; 
Ebenezer Fitch, 1853; Franklin Knapp, 1854; Benajah 
Abrams, 1855; James M. Servis, 1856 to 1861, six years; 
Richard W.Evans, 1862, '63; William G. Soule, 1864, '65 ; 
William R. Stultz, 1866 to 1871, six years; Charles Wood, 
1872, '73, '74; John A. Munson, 1874 to 1878, five years ; 
Ammon S. Farnum, 1879, '80, '81, '82, '83. 

Arcadia was formed from Lyons, Feb. 15, 1825. Consid- 
erable enquiry has failed to ascertain what led to the choice 
of the name, or who suggested it. The first town meeting 
was held at the house of William Popple, in the village of 
Newark, April 5, 1825. This was on the corner now occu- 
pied by M. M. Kenyon, druggist, and was the second public 
house in Newark. 

Supervisors — James P. Bartle elected in i825,'26, '27 ; Geo. 
W. Scott, 1828; John L. Cuyler, i829,'3o; Joseph A. Miller, 
i83i,'32; Edmund B. Bell, 1833; Esbon Blackmar, 1834; 
James P. Bartle, 1835.; James Miller, Jr., i836,'37 ; James P. 
Bartle, 1838; Silas Pierson, 1839; Vincent G. Barney, 1840; 
Joseph A. Miller, 1841 ; Ezra Pratt, 1842; Abraham Fair- 
child, 1843; Perry G. Price, 1844; George H. Middleton, 
1845, George C. Mills, 1846; George W. Scott, 1847; Geo. 
Howland, 1848; James S. Crosby,. 1849 ; Clark Mason, 1850; 
Ezra Pratt, 185 1; Esbon Blackmar, 1852; James D.Ford, 
1853 ; Albert F. Cressy, 1854; James D. Ford, 1855 to 1859, 
five years; Elon St. John, i860, '61, '62; Artemas W. Hyde, 
1863, '64, '65 ; Elon St. John, 1866; Henry Cronise, Jr., 1867; 
George H. Price, 1868; Charles C. Chad wick, 1869; Oliver 
Crothers, 1870; Chester W. Stewart, 1871, '72 ; Jacob P. 
Lusk, 1873 ; E. K. Burnham, 1874 ; James H. Miller, 1875, '76 ; 

•In 1837 there was a tie for Supervisor, and Chauncey Ives appears to have 
been appointed|by the Town Board. 


George H. Price, 1877, '78, '79; James Jones, 1880; J. 
Dupha Reeves, 1 881, '82; E. K. Burnham, 1883. 

Marion was formed from Williamson, under the name of 
" Winchester " April 18, 1825. The name was changed to 
Marion April 15, 1826, and this was given in honor of Gen- 
eral Marion, of the Revolutionary army. 

The first town meeting was held April 4, 1826, at the 
house of Daniel Wilcox, now the village hotel kept by 
George M. Sweezey. 

Supervisors — Seth Eddy elected in 1826; Jesse Mason, 
1827; Isaac R. Sanford, 1828; Elias Durfee, 1829 to 1833, 
five years; Wm. R. Sanford, 1834; Elias Durfee, 1835; 
Marvin Rich, 1836; Elias Durfee, 1837, '38 ; Seth Eddy, 1839, 
'40; Ornon Archer, 1841 to 1845, five years ; Peter Boyce, 
i846,'47; Nelson D.Young, i848,'49; Oscar Howell,* 1850; 
EHas Durfee, 1851, Nelson D. Young, i852-'53; Isaac A. 
Clark, 1854; EHas Durfee, 1855 to 1859, five years; Pardon 
Durfee, i86o,'6i ; Ira Lakey, i862,'63 ; Orville Lewis, 1864, 
'65; Nelson D. Young, 1 866,'67,'68,'69; Dwight Smith, 1870, 
'71 '72; Charles Tremain, 1873; Dwight Smith, i874-'75 ; 
Nelson D. Young, iSy6,'yy,'y?, ; Henry R. Tabor, 1879 J Ches- 
ter F. Sweezey, i88o,'8i,'82 ; Henry R. Tabor, 1883. 

Rose was formed from Wolcott February 5, 1827, and 
named in honor of Robert L. Rose of Geneva. The first 
town meeting was held the first" Tuesday in April, at the 
house of Charles Thomas, which occupied the site of the sub- 
sequent residence of Hon. Eron N. Thomas, now the resi- 
dence of F. H. Closs. 

Supervisors — Peter Valentine, elected in 1826, '27, '28, '29; 
Philander Mitchell, 1830, '31, '32; Dorman Munsell, 1833; 
Thaddeus Collins, 1834; Ira Mirick, 1835 ; Peter Valentine, 
1836, '37. '38, '39; Dorman Munsell, 1840, '41 ; Peter Valen- 
tine, 1842 ; Eron N. Thomas, 1843 ; Philander Mitchell, 1844, 
'45; Elizur Flint, 1846; Hiram Mirick, 1847; Philander 
Mitchell, 1848, '49, 'so; Eron N. Thomas, 1851; Solomon 
Allen, 1852 ; EronN. Thomas, 1853 ; Thaddeus Collins, 1854; 
Jackson Valentine, 1855 ; Philander Mitchell, 1856; Harvey 
* Died in office. 


Closs, 1857, '58 ; Jackson Valentine, 1859 to '69, eleven years; 
James M. Home, i87o,'7i ; Charles S. Wright, i872,'73 ; 
Jackson "Valentine, i874,'75 ; J. S. Sheffield, 1876; Wm. J. 
Glen, 1877 ; S. Wesley Gage, 1878 ; Wm. J. Glen, 1879 ; Wm. 
H. Griswold, i88o,'8i ; George Catchpole, i882,'83. 

Huron was formed from Wolcott, under the name of 
" Port Bay," February 25, 1826. The name was changed to 
Huron March 17, 1834.* 

The first town meeting was held at the house of Josiah 
Upson, April 4, 1826, the well-known Upson residence from 
that time to the present, and still the place of the Huron 

Supervisors — Norman L. Sheldon, 1826 to 1830, five years; 
Elisha Benjamin, 1831, '32 ; Jedediah Wilder, 1833 ; Harlow 
Hyde, 1834, '35 ; Philip Sours, 1836 to 1840, five years ; Har- 
low Hyde, 1841, '42 ; Ebenezer Jones, 1843, '44; Jedediah 
Wilder, 1845, '46, '47; Edward W. Bottum, 1848; James T. 
Wisner, 1849; John F. Curtis, 1850; Ralph Sheldon, 1851 ; 
Reuben Sours, 1852, '53; James T. Wisner, 1854; Elisha 
Cady, 1855 ; Roswell E. Reed, 1856; John F. Curtis, 1857; 
Reuben Sours, 1858 ; Elisha Cady, 1859, '60 ; Rufus B. Sours, 
1861 to 1867, seven years; Samuel Gardner, 1868; Oscar 
Weed, 1869; Samuel Gardner, 1870; Oscar Weed, i87i,'72; 
Reuben Sours, 1873, '74; Dwight B. Flint, 1875, '76; Will- 
iam W. Gatchell, 1877; Alanson Church, 1878; William W. 
Gatchell, 1879; Elisha Cady, 1880; Robert A. Catchpole, 
1881, '82 ; Roswell Reed, 1883. 

Butler was formed from Wolcott February 26, 1826. It 
was named in honor of Gen. Butler and was suggested by a 
committee consisting of Ezekiel Scott, Eli Wheeler and Will- 
iam Moulton.f 

* Of the change of name, Harlow Hyde writes : " There being a bay in Wol- 
cott named Port Bay, it had a tendency to mislead persons enquiring for one 
or the other of the places. I well remember the Rev. William Clark calling at 
my house, asking me to sign a petition to be presented to the Legislature to 
have the town named Huron. Huron was deemed a desirable name, because 
all the letters would stand on the line." 

f Of the name Hon. H. H. Wheeler writes : "I reinember hearing the matter 
discussed at the time, by my father (Eli Wheeler) with old Mr. Ezekiel Scott, 
and with Esq. Prentice Palmer and Maj. Wm. Moulton. Whether he or one of 


The first town meeting was held April 4, 1826, at the 
house of Jacob S. Viele,now occupied by Lucius S. Viele. 

Supervisors — Thomas Armstrong, 1826 to 1833, eight years; 
Uriah G. Beach, 1834, '35, 36; Austin Roe, 1837; Thos. 
Armstrong, 1838; Austin Roe, 1839; John Dradt, Jr., 1840, 
'41 ; Nathaniel W. Tompkins, 1842, '43 ; Thomas Armstrong, 
1844, '45; John Dradt, 1846; Horatio N. Wood, 1847; 
Frankhn Knapp, 1848 ; John Dradt, 1849 ; Thomas Arm- 
strong, 1850, '51; H. K. Graves, 1852, '53; John Dradt, 
1854; Charles Mead, 1855; H. K. Graves, 1856; Horatio N. 
Wood, 1857; C. D. Hadden, 1858. Abram Gibbs, 1859; 
John E. Hough, i860, '61, 62 ; Gibson S. Center, 1863; Ben- 
ham S. Wood, 1864 ; Henry K. Graves, 1865 ; Anson S. Wood, 
1866; Andrew Spencer, 1867, '68, '69; Joel Laberteaux, 
1870, '71, '72, '73; John E. Hough, 1874, '75, 76, 'tj, '78; 
William Wood, 1879, '80; Eugene M. Walker, 1881, '82; 
Joseph H. L. Roe, 1883. 

Walworth was formed from Ontario April 20, 1829, and 
named in honor of Chancellor Reuben H. Walworth. 

The first town meeting was held at the house of George 
Smith, on the 6th day of April, 1830. This was. the old 
" tavern " that stood on the site of the present beautiful 
Temperance House, erected by the liberality and largely 
sustained by the public spirit of Hon. T. G. Yeomans, and 
known as the " Pacific." 

Supervisors — Luther Fillmore, 1830, '31, '32, '33 ; William 
D. Wylie, 1834; Artemas Mathewson, 1835, '36, '37, '38 ; John 
McLouth, 1839; Artemas Mathewson, 1840 ; John McLouth, 
1 841 ; William D. Wylie, 1842 ; Joseph Peacock, 1843 ! Will- 
iam D. Wylie, 1844, '45; George Boynton, 1846; John Mc- 
Louth, 1847 ; William D. WyHe, 1848 ; Theron G. Yeomans, 
1849, '50; William D. Wylie, 1851, '52, '53; Joseph Peacock, 
1854, '55, 56; Eliab Yeomans, 1857, 'S8; H. H. Hoag, 1859, 

the others first suggested the name I do not remember (if I ever knew). I 
think Maj. Moulton had a fancy for the name, in honor of G-en. Wm. Butler, of 
the Revolution, who did such signal service in South Carolina, imder Lee, Lin- 
coln and Greene, t&c. At the same time Mr. Wheeler queried as to the danger 
possibly, of perpetuating the name of the notorious Tory and Indian leader. 
Col. John Butler. But this 1 well remember, that they aU cordially agreed as 
to the propriety of adopting the name." 


'60; Elihu Durfee, 1861 ; Henry W. Downing, 1862; John 
Everett, 1863, '64; Erastus F. Maine, 1865 ; William W. 
Edgerton, 1866, '67, '68 ; Philetus Miller, 1869, '70, '71 ; 
Ormond O. Mason, 1872; William E. Greenwood, 1873; 
Jerome R. Peacock, 1874; Frederick W. Moore, 1875; 
William W. Edgerton, 1876, 'jj ; Jay White, 1878, '79! 
Jeraain Andrew, 1880, '81, '82, '83. 


JULY 9th, 1687— APPLEBOOM, the early name OF THAT PLACE. 

THOUGH the settlement of this county only dates back 
to 1789, yet its northern border, and perhaps other 
portions, had been included in French explorations a 
hundred and fifty years earlier. A few dates of general 
historical interest will make clear the chain of early dis- 

In 1535, Jaques Cartier sailed up the St. Lawrence River 
as far as the present site of Montreal, then occupied by an 
Indian village. There is no evidence that he penetrated 
farther west. He made another voyage from France a few 
years later, but does not appear to have penetrated farther 
westward than Montreal. A long period intervened before 
France made any further efifort at exploration or coloniza- 

Champlain was the next enterprising voyageur who came 
to the St. Lawrence upon the work of discovery. He first 
sailed for the New World March 15, 1603. Sailing up the 
St. Lawrence, and passing Montreal, they anchored at the 
foot of the falls. This was the extent of his westward route. 
He returned to France, after an absence of six months and 
fifteen days. 

On Champlain's second voyage, he sailed from France 
April 7, 1604. This expedition was devoted to an explora- 
tion of New Brunswick' and Nova Scotia, and the founding 
6f a colony on the Island De Monts, in the River St. Croix. 
He also explored the Southern shore of Maine, named the 
well-known Island Mount Desert, went as far south as 
Martha's Vineyard, and spent about three years before 
returning to France. 

Champlain sailed from France a third time, April 13, 1808. 
He left his vessel in the harbor of Tadoussac, St. Lawrence 


Bay, and having built a barque of twelve or fourteen tons 
burden, he sailed up the St. Lawrence again. This time he 
founded Quebec, and passed the succeeding winter there. 
June 18, 1809, he left Quebec on a tourof exploration. Arriv- 
ing at the mouth of the outlet of what has since been known 
as Lake Champlain, he ascended the river and entered the 
lake. July 30th, he assisted his friends, the Hurons, in a 
battle against the Iroquois — a battle that w^as fought some- 
where on the ground between Lake George and Lake Cham- 
plain, or in that vicinity. 

Champlain and his men were therefore the first white men 
who made an entry upon the soil of the State of New York. 
Sir Henry Hudson sailed into New York Bay September 
3d, of that year, and traced the Hudson River to Half-moon 
Point (six miles above Albany), reaching that place Septem- 
ber 22, 1609. Champlain was therefore the earliest, by about 
forty days ; but he made no further exploration westward 
at that time. 

Champlain sailed from France on his fourth voyage the 
next year, arriving at Tadoussac April 26, 1610, and at 
Quebec soon after. He remained there a few months and 
returned to France. 

His fifth voyage was especially for the purpose pi assist- 
ing the colony at Quebec, and was made in 1611, leaving 
France March ist. 

His sixth voyage resulted in further explorations, but 
northward in Canada. He left France March 6, 1613, 
reached Quebec May 7th, came up to Montreal soon after, 
explored the Ottawa River some distance into the interior, 
and returned to France in August. 

In Champlain's seventh voyage he sailed from France 
April 24, 161 5, and at this time there came w^ith him four 
Jesuit Missionaries. Champlain now penetrated westward 
through Canada as far as Lake Huron, retu-rned to the Bay 
of Quinte on the north side of Lake Ontario, then across 
the lake and joined the Hurons in an expedition against 
a strong fort of the Iroquois. This fort was in the vicinity 
of Oneida Lake. The French and Hurons were repulsed. 
Champlain at this time must have landed on the south 


shore of Lake Ontario, at Oswego, or some point further 
east. The progress of discovery was therefore brought very 
near to our own section of country at this early date, 1615, 
five years before the Pilgrim fathers landed at Plymouth. 

Champlain came. again to Quebec in 1620, and remained 
four years, and while no direct account has been found 
showing that he then explored the southern shore of Lake 
Ontario, yet it is very probable that either Champlain or 
other French voyageurs made the first discovery of Sodus 
Bay and other points on this side about that date. 

As thus shown, the earliest expeditions turned westward 
from Frontenac (now Kingston), on the north side of the 
lake and bearing away from the lake, penetrated as far as 
Lake Huron. Indeed, the general account of historical 
writers shows- that the first white men reached Niagara 
Falls while journeying eastward from points previously 
reached on Lake Huron. They were two Jesuit mission- 
aries, Brebeauf and Chaumonot, and the date of the visit to 
the Falls was November 2, 1640. 

There is, however, some evidence that Recollet Father 
Dallion, a Catholic missionary, was in Western New York 
as early as 1626, and this gives quite a basis for the theory 
above given, that Sodus Bay was discovered before that 

Between Jaques Cartier's first voyage up the St. Law- 
rence and the advent of La Salle in 1678, there is a period 

* Shea's History of Catholic Missions, page 170 : 

"In October, 1626, Father de la Roche Dallion left the Jesuits at Toanche, 
and set out to explore the country of the Attiwandaronk, or Neutrals. This 
tribe lay on both sides of the Niagara River, at peace with both Hurons and 
Iroquois, and like them, of the same stock and language. 

"He was at first well received, and being adopted by Soharissen, the chief 
of the whole nation took up his residence among them at Ounontisaston, near 
the Seneca border, but was soon after robbed and brutally beaten by a lawless 
party. By the advice of Father Brebeauf, he then abandoned the Neutrals and 
returned to the Huron country, after an absence of several months." 

The mention of the "Seneca border" at this eaJrly date, and the fact that 
Champlain had been at Oswego or near there in 1615, renders it extremely 
probable that Father Dallion knew something of the south shore of Lake Onta- 
rio, and that in a stay of several months, he must have also known something 
of "Western New York. 


of nearly one hundred and fifty years. French expeditions 
were frequent, certainly after 1600, and it is not probable 
that so magnificent a body of water as Lake Ontario 
remained unexplored. The operations of the Catholic mis- 
sionaries among the Onondagas, Cayugas and Senecas, must 
have often brought those devoted men as far west as the 
present territory of Wayne county. It is very probable 
that they sometimes reached the scene of their labors, by 
coming from Montreal up, or along the St. Lawrence, and 
then by the southern shore of Lake Ontario to Sodus Bay, 
and over the old Indian trail via Crusoe Lake. Oswego, 
Sodus Bay, Pultneyville and Irondequoit were points of fre- 
quent visits by French traders, and undoubtedly by French 
missionaries, more than two hundred years ago. 

The following paragraph from Turner's History of the 
Pultney estate, gives one of the many intimations of this fact 
that are scattered through the early annals of French explo- 
ration. It occurs in an account of the voyages of Count 
Frontenac, from whom Fort Frontenac (now Kingston) toOk 
its name : 

" With an Italian named Tonti, Father Hennepin, a num- 
ber of mechanics and mariners, naval stores, and goods for 
the Indian trade, the Count arrived at Frontenac in the fall 
of 1678 ; and soon after a wooden canoe of ten tons, the first 
craft of European architecture that ever entered the Niagara 
River, bore a part of his company to the site of Fort Niagara. 
La Salle, followed soon after with a sail vessel, in which he 
had a stock of provisions, and materials for ship building ; 
crossed the lake, coasted along its southern shore, entered the 
mouth of the Genesee River or the Irondequoit Bay, and visited 
some of the villages of the Senecas to reconcile them to his 
enterprise ; and on his way from the Genesee to the Niagara 
River, encountered a gale and lost his vessel, saving but a 
part of his cargo. 

" Arrived at Niagara, he erected some rude defences, estab- 
lished a post, and at Lewiston erected a trading station with 
palisades. Late in January the business of ship building 
was commenced at the mouth of Cayuga creek, six miles 
above the Falls of Niagara. 

" In mid-winter, the necessity occurring, the intrepid adven- 
turer, on foot made the journey to Frontenac, around the head 
of the Lake, returning on the ice along the northern shore, 
with a dog and sledge for the transportation of his baggage." 


For further illustration of the importance of these points 
in very early times, we refer to the accounts of DeNonville's 
expedition against the Senecas, which terminated in a deci- 
sive battle at or near what is now Victor, Ontario county, 

N. Y. 

The force was organized on the north side of the Lake, at 
Kingston, (Frontenac) or some other strong hold of the 
French in that direction, and consisted of regular French 
troops and friendly Indians. At Fort Niagara and further 
west a similar force was gathered which moved eastward, 
and met DeNonville's army, at Irondequoit Ba}'. Thence 
the march was overland southward to the scene of the 

The accounts show that DeNonville crossed the lake from 
" Cataracony " to La Famine Bay, the latter of which is below 
Oswego. From there to Irondequoit Bay, the main army 
had coasted by slow stages, encamping on shore when night over- 
took them. They arrived at Irondequoit Bay, July lo, 1687. 
The narrative says : 

" Their last and most considerable halt was upon the pres- 
ent site of Pultueyville, Wayne county, N. Y. From this 
period that became a prominent stopping place for French 
batteauxmen, and after them for the English lake coasters. 
The species of apple tree which the French introduced in 
this region, was growing there, and there was the remains 
of an old log building, vvhen white settlement commenced. 
The place was known as Appleboom, before its present 
name was conferred." 

It probably has no connection with early French explora- 
tion, but we mention the fact that a few years ago Andrew 
Erasmusson, of Pultueyville, while hoeing corn in a field on 
the west side of the road, just north of Williamson Corners, 
found a Spanish milled silver dollar, dated 1726. It was 
thoroughly crusted with dirt, and needed to be washed and 
cleaned before it could be read. The name Appleboom 
owes its origin to the fact that an apple tree, supposed to 
have been set out, or the seed planted by early French voy- 
ageurs, stood upon the extreme point of the bank west of 
the creek, at Pultueyville. It was partially undermined, and 
a long limb projected from it over the water, in about the 
oblique^position the " boom " on a vessel occupies. It became 


a land mark, and gave name to this point. Captain Horatio 
Throop, and his brother Washington Throop, concur in this 
explanation as the one they heard in their boyhood, from old 
navigators, though the tree had even then disappeared. 

At Pultneyville, in possession of Henry M. Griffin, is a 
French axe, of peculiar pattern. It was brought there by 
Thomas Fish, deceased. It was one of a small quantity, said 
to be fifteen or twenty, found about 1814, on the banks of the 
creek west of the present vinegar factory. They were taken 
from under a rotten hemlock log. 

Sodus Bay was of much greater note, in early times, than 
would be indicated by the brief mention which we can make 
in a work limited to one line of historical research. It was 
the Bay of the Goigouens, the Bay of the Cayugas ; an 
Indian trail, (and probably it was the route of early traders 
and missionaries,) led from the bay up the stream that flows 
in from the south ; then by a short carrying place at some 
point, a stream was reached that flows into Crusoe Lake ; 
then through Crusoe outlet to the Seneca river, and up the 
Seneca to Cayuga lake. Probably also there was another 
route by a short carrying place from the head waters of the 
stream that flows into the bay, across to some creek flowing 
into the Clyde river. 

From a biographical sketch of M. Picquet, " King's Mis- 
sionary and Prefect Apostolic to Canada," it appears that in 
June, 1751, "he made a voyage around Lake Ontario, in a 
King's canoe." In returning from Niagara, along the south 
shore of the lake, he made close observations with reference 
to maintaining the future power of France along this line. 
The narrative says : 

" He desired greatly that Choeguen (Oswego,) were 
destroyed, and the English prevented re-building it; and 
in order that we should be absolutely masters of the south 
side of Lake Ontario, he proposed erecting a fort near 
there, at the Bay of the Cayugas. (Sodus Bay i) which would 
make a very good harbor, and furnish a very fine anchorage. 
No place is better adapted for a fort." 

If there had previously been a Fort at Sodus Bay it might 
have been expected that M. Picquet in the above sugges- 
tion would have spoken of rebuilding or repairing instead 



of establishing one. Still there is evidence that there had 
been a Fort at that place at some earlier date. In a cor- 
respondence between this French Governor of Canada and 
the English Governor of New York, the former under date 
of July 20, 1727, says: 

" You cannot be ignorant of the possession during a very 
considerable time which the King, my master, has of all the 
Lands of Canada, of which those of the Lake Ontario and 
the adjacent lands make a part, and in which he has built 
forts, and made other settlements in different places, as are 
those of Denonville, at the entrance of the River of Niagara, 
that of Frontenac, another called LaFamine, that which is 
called the Fort-des-Sables, ««o^/^^r at the Bay of the Cayugas, 
at Oswego, &c., &c., without any opposition, they having 
been one and all of them possessed by the French, who 
alone having had a right and have had possession of carry- 
ing on the trade there." 

We give the following additional extracts from ancient 
documents containing allusions to Sodus Bay : 

From Colonial History of New York, Vol. "i, pp. 433, 434. 

Examination of Adandidaghko, an Indian prisoner sent 
from Albany to New York, 1687, Sept. the first. 

***** <i ^ fgyjr (Jays after (he had disposed of 
his peltry), the French came and gave him and all the 
Indians in the Christian's Castle, each thirty bullets and a 
double handful of powder, and bad them appeare att a 
French Gents house, neare Mont Royall ; the Christian 
Indians being about one hundred and twenty or thirty 
strong ; in the meane time the French and other Nations of 
Indians all appeared att Mont Royall, and the second day 
after that the Govr himself e : the number of the French 
being two' thousand and of all the Indians one thousand. 
The army went all by water"' — in boats and canoes, three 
days from Mont Royall to Kadraghkie — thence to an 
island — thence to Cadranganhie where " about nine the 
clock the next morning they saw ten Onnandages at Asan- 
hage :* the Gov^ gave orders not to meddle with them, 
upon which the Onnondagas gave a greate shout and went 
their way, and the army went a long the shore side to a 
passage that goes to the Cayouges : the day following they saw 
a brigantine att anker, &c., &c." 

The expression " along the shore side to a passage that 
goes to the Cayouges," undoubtedly refers to Sodus Bay 

* Probably Gainho'uagufi or Salmon river, Oswego Co. 


and to the ancient Indian trail, from there via Crusoe Lake 
and the Seneca river to the Canton of the Cayuga Indians. 
The following letter was written at the " Bay of the Cay- 
ugas," or Sodus Bay : 

From Colonial History of New York. Vol. 9, /. 838. 
M. dejoncaire to M. de la Fresniere. 

Copy of a letter from Sieur de Joncaire to Sieur de la 
Frenidre, the King's Commandant at Fort Frontenac,* dated 
Bay of the Cayugas, 14 June, 1709. 

Sir,. — Affairs are in such confusion here, that I do not con- 
sider my soldiers safe. I send them to you to await me at 
your fort, because, should things take a bad turn for us, I can 
escape alone more readily than if I have them with me. It 
is not necessary, however, to alarm Canada yet, as there is 
no need to despair. I shall be with you in twenty or twenty- 
five days at farthest, and if I exceed that time, please send my 
canoe to Montreal. Letters for the General will be found in 
my portfolio, which my wife will take care to deliver to him. 
If, however, you think proper to forward them sooner, St. 
Louis will hand them to you. But I beg of you that my 
soldiers may not be the bearers of them, calculating with 
certainty to find them with you when I arrive, unless I 
exceed 25 days. The Rev. Father de Lambervillef has 
placed. us in a terrible state of embarrassment by his 
flight. Yesterday I was leaving for Montreal in the best 
possible spirits. Now I am not certain if I shall ever see 
you again. I am sir, and dear friend. 

Your most humble and most obedient servant, 

[Signed,] De Joncaire. 

The memorandum next given shows that Sodus Bay was 
"a convenient rendezvous for all the tribes" of the Iroquois. 
This opens up to the imagination a brilliant picture of 
council fires on the shores of the Bay, and the dusky 
representatives of the great Confederacy gathered around 
them in grave debate : 

From Vol. 9 Colonial History, p. 951. 
(Letter of 10th June, 1725.) 
M. Bfegon, who is at Quebec, states that he has sent car- 
penters, blacksmiths and other mechanics, to build the two 

* Kow Kingston. 

f The date of this letter, 1709, indicates that Rev. Father de Lambendlle 
labored in the territory of the Cayugas, or Senecas, later than is stated in Shea's 
History. The table in Shea's appendix places the death of the younger Lam- 
berville as "after 1705." The above letter implies that he was still laboring as 
a missionary, in 1709. 


Barks : the timber, has been cut, barked and sawed during 
the winter. 

That M. de Longueuil has written to him from Fort 
Frontenac, the ninth of May, that no trading post had as 
yet been established at Choueguen,* and that all the Iro- 
quois Chiefs when assembled at Seneca, had concluded, in 
their Council to forbid that establishment, and that they 
had sent a belt to the English, which has prevented the 
carrying out of that project. 

He has also stated that he was about to set out for the 
bay of the Cayugas, where we would meet all the Iroquois; 
that being the most convenient rendezvous for all the tribes." 

The following extract of three years later date shows that 
the French did not succeed in preventing the English from 
establishing a post at Choueguen [Oswego,] for the question 
now discussed was the propriety of establishing a French 
fort at Sodus Bay to checkmate the English : 

From Vol. 9, Colonial History, pages loii. 

"Abstracts of Messrs. de Beauharnois and d'Aigremont's 
dispatches and orders thereupon. 

English establishment at Choueguen, on the shore of Lake 

ist October, 1728. Messrs. de Beauharnois and d'Aigre- 
mont observe that they will adopt the best measures-to ren- 
der the post of Choueguen useless to the trade of the English, 
that, to effect that, orders have been issued obliging the 
canoes of the French Voyageurs on their way down from the 
upper country, to pass along the north shore of Lake Ontario, 
which orders will be strictly enforced, and such measures 
pursued as will tend to the same end. 

They propose forming a new establishment in the bay of 
the Cayugas, 8x9 leagues west of the river Choueguen, by 
means whereof the English post would decline so that it 
would be abandoned. To defray this expense, they demand 
a grant of 38047 li. 

It is to be apprehended that the English will form this 
establishment, and if they be not anticipated, France- may 
possibly lose the south part of the Lake. 

The matter was discussed by the home government and 
a discussion against establishing a fort seems to have been 
reached as shown in the following memorandum : 

Decision of the Minister submitted to the King, by whom 
it is approved. 

* Oswego. 


It appears proper to stay the measures which have been 
adopted to render the post at Choueguen useless to the 

As for the proposed establishment at the bay of the Cayu- 
gas, it does not appear very necessary, for independent of 
its cost, which would be greater than is proposed, it would 
occasion an annual expense besides ; it would- even be diffi- 
cult to establish it on account of the opposition and jealousy 
of the Iroquois, which would be fomented by the English. 
Even were it attended with success, there is no doubt but 
the English would immediately set up another post along- 
side of it. 

This decision was not satisfactory, however, to those 
who originally proposed the fort as appears from this subse- 
quent opinion : 

From Vol. 9, Colonial History , page 1013. 

Messrs. de Beauharnoisan d d'Aigremont in a special des- 
patch repeat their opinion of the importance of founding a 
post at the bay of the Cayugas, to offset the English post on 
the Chouguen river. 

We give yet another extract, partially describing Sodus 
Bay, and alluding to the project of a trading post or fort : 

From Vol. g, Colonial History, p. 10 12. 

This memoir (of Sieur de Chaussegros) contains reasons 
for its constructions (of posts) at La Galette, or at Lake 
Ontario; he represents that some 8 or 9 English (leagues?) 
west of the river Choueguen is a large bay called the Cay- 
ugas, situate in a beautiful country, which he visited in 1726, 
and found, on sounding, that large ships could anchor and 
be quite safe there; that the harbor is like that of Louis- 
burg, with this difference only, that Louisburg is oval, whilst 
the bay of the Cavugas is almost circular, having at its head 
a large river, which leads to the village or country of the 
Cayugas. The entrance to this bay, which is narrower than 
that of Louisburg, is formed by two landsplits ; they are 
appropriately called the Peninsulas,* and inclose this bay." 
The post was not approved of. 

We thus have at least a glimpse of those early times, " two 
hundred years ago," showing that Sodus, Pultneyville, and 
probably other points along the northern border of Wayne 
county, were the camping grounds of armies, and the resting 
places of voyaguers, traders and missionaries. 


Amid these scenes of the long forgotten past, there is 
ample room for the imagination to weave many a romance, 
and people once again the beautiful shores of the bay, and 
the fair coasts of Appleboom, with the stalwart forms of 
daring explorers and priests clad in the robes of the Catho- 
lic church. 

The first Christian worship on these then wild shores was 
undoubtedly in accordance with the forms prescribed by the 
Catholic ritual ; and masses were said and vespers sung in 
rude chapels beside these silvery waters. 



AT the time of the early settlement, there seem to have 
been few or no Indians living with any degree of per- 
manency upon the present territory of Wayne county. 
The traditions of the old people still living, as well as many 
published reminiscences, all mention the presence of Indians, 
but they v/ere evidently migratory parties, hunting for a 
few weeks, or raising patches of corn, going and coming 

When Lemuel Spear settled a mile above Palmyra village, 
in February, 1790, the flats near him had been cultivated 
somewhat by Indians the year before. The accounts of other 
early families, speak of trafficking with the Indians, of bar- 
tering for venison, and for other products of the forest. In 
the winters, for a few years following the arrival of early 
settlers, the Indians camped upon the flats above Palmyra. 
They are described as having been peaceable, good neigh- 
bors ; engaged in hunting and trapping, occasionally getting 
a beaver and selling their furs to traders. 

Of this same period, Stephen Durfee, as given in Turner's 
History of the Pultney estate, said : 

" The Indians were hunting, trapping and camping in our 
neighborhood, in all the earliest years. The flats of the 
Ganargwa and the adjoining uplands, were favorite hunting 

Judge Daniel Dorsey, who arrived at Lyons, in 1801, 
engaged largely in trade. His goods were brought from 
Baltimore. A large proportion of his early trade was with 
the Indians, who used to encamp along the banks of the 
Outlet and at Sodus. There were often as many as thirty 
Indian huts along where William street, of Lyons village, 
now crosses the canal, 



In the winter of i788-'89, John Swift and Colonel John 
Jenkins purchased Township 12, R. 2, now Palmyra, and 
commenced the survey of it into farm lots, in March. 
Jenkins being a practical surveyor, built a camp on the bank 
of Ganargwa creek, about two miles below the present vil- 
lage of Palmyra.* His assistants were bis nephew, Alpheus 
Harris, Solomon Earle, Daniel Ransom and Mr. Baker. One 
morning, about two o'clock, the party being asleep in their 
bunks, their fire giving light enough 'to show their several 
positions, a party of four Tuscarora Indians and a squaw 
stealthily approached, and the Indians, putting their guns 
through the open spaces in the logs, selected their victims 
and fired. Baker was killed. Earle was lying upon his 
back, with his hand upon his breast. A ball passed through 
his hand, scathed his breast, mutilated his nose, and lodged 
under the frontal sinus between his eyes. 

Jenkins and Ransom escaped unhurt and made a vigorous 
resistance; Jenkins attacking the murderers with his' sur- 
veyors' staff and Ransom with an axe, they drove them off, 
capturing two of their rifles and a tomahawk. 

In the morning they buried their dead companion f — 
carried Earle to John Decker Robinson's, near "Vienna, and 
gave the alarm. The Indians were pursued and two cap- 
tured on the Chemung river. They were tried by a lynch 
court or committee, condemned to death and executed. 
The execution was a barbarous affair, worthy of a new 
country, lacking civil government. The condemned were 
taken into the woods, blindfolded, and a man appointed to 
execute each with a toniahawk. The first man succeeded at 
a single blow ; the other failed. The athletic Indian parried 
the blow, and ran only to be pounded to death by a posse of 
pursuers, with stones and pine knots.lj: 

* The camp was on the farm now owned by Nelson Reeves, near a spring of 
water, north of the railroad. 

\ This grave was known in the early years, but in later times has been 
obliterated. It was not far from the Spring of Water. 

X This accoxmt of the pvmishment of Baker's murderers, is from Turner's 
History. Other traditions state that after the arrest, the prisoners were being 
taken to Whitestown jail, but proving troublesome, and attempting to escape, 
were put to death on the way. 


The man Earle recovered from his wounds, and was for 
many years, a ferryman at the Seneca outlet. One of the 
Indians that escaped, lived in after years upon the Genesee 
river. He died of small-pox in 18 12. He carried through 
life a scar upon his face, where he was struck by the sur- 
veyors' staff. 

This is the only story of Indian attack upon early settlers 
in Wayne county, which has come down to the present time. 
There were various alarms and many fears of what might 
happen, especially about the years 1793 and 1794, when 
Indian wars at the west created general uneasiness, and 
British claims to the soil and jurisdiction along the southern 
shore of Lake Ontario, had not yet been abandoned. 

Early settlers of Sodus found wandering Indians there in 
the same manner as those of Palmyra and Lyons, but none 
claiming to occupy or possess a right to the soil. 

Mrs. Richards, who settled about 1795, on what is now the 
WiUiam Vosburg farm, stated to the writer that Indians 
often staid at her house ; that they were always peaceable and 
well disposed ; that she was never afraid of them. 

James Sergeant, who was born in Sodus, in 1804, says that 
in his childhood, there were many Indians coming and going. 
At one time there was quite a large camp of them near 
where the brick meeting-house now stands. 

This is doubtless a fair statement of the case, with refer- 
ence to the entire county. No resident Indians were here 
after the advent of the white men, in 1789 , but many tran- 
sient hunting or trading parties were coming and going, for 
ten or fifteen years ; all quiet and friendly. 

There was, however, an occasional attempt to steal the 
property of the white settlers. It is related in East Palmyra, 
that the Indians on one occasion, seized a calf belonging to 
Humphrey Sherman. They carried it to a canoe in the 
Ganargwa, but the calf, bawling lustily, Sherman pursued, 
plunged into the creek, grasped the canoe, compelled the 
Indians to yield up their booty, and took his calf home in 

About one mile east of the village of Lyons, there is a 
small stream v^hich empties its waters into the Clyde river. 


Along the eastern bank of this brook, the Seneca Indians 
had been accustomed to build their little wigwams in the 
fall of each year, and remain during the hunting and fishing 
season, which generally ended about the last of March. The 
low swamp lands and high hills east of Lyons, afforded fine 
hunting grounds for the Indians, where the bear, wolf, deer 
and fox were taken in large numbers, their skins affording a 
fine profit. Fish, particularly salmon, where found in great 
numbers in the river, or " outlet " as it was called, and 
afforded fine amusement for the women and children. 

In the fall of 1799, there was a large encampment of the 
tribe stretching far up the brook ; among them a very old 
Indian and his squaw. The Indian was tall and straight, 
and when animated would seem to forget his age and move 
about with the elasticity of youth. On his left arm he wore 
a wide brass band, which covered a fearful scar. He had 
the reputation of having been a great warrior. He had 
received the title, and was known by his tribe as Captain 
Johnnie Jack. Rev. John Cole, (father of Samuel J. Cole,) 
had bought the land upon which this encampment stood, and 
formed a friendly acquaintance with Captain Jack. Many 
winter evenings were passed in hearing Captain Jack relate 
his adventures. (See Wayne County History, page 97.) 

The tract of country now included in Wayne county was a 
part of the territory of the Six Nations. In the ancient division 
between the tribe of Cayugas and the tribe of Senecas, the 
boundary is said to have been " a line running due south from 
the head of Sodus Bay." This corresponds very nearly to the 
Pre-emption Line, which afterwards constituted the Eastern 
boundary of the Massachusetts claim, and also the Eastern 
boundary of Phelps & Gorham's purchase. The meridian of 
Washington also passes through Sodus Bay, and is thus not 
far from the same ancient boundary between these noted tribes 
of Indians. The Six Nations were induced by British influence 
to take the side of England in the War of the Revolution. It 
thus became a military necessity for the Continental army 
to punish and largely to destroy this powerful combination 
of Indian tribes. Sullivan's expedition, in 1779, was sent 
upon this special errand, and the work was thoroughly exe- 


cuted. Humbled, reduced in numbers and scattered, they 
found themselves upon the losing side at the close of the 
Revolution. Subsequently they disposed of their lands to 
the State of New York, or to the purchasers under the 
Massachusetts claims. 

The territory of Wayne county east of the Pre-emption 
Line was a part of the inheritance of the Cayugas. West 
of that line it belonged to the Senecas. 

It is the theory of writers who have given much study to 
Indian history, that the mouth of the Oswego river formed 
a lake port for the Onondagas ; Sodus Bay for the Cayugas, 
and Irondequoit Bay for the Senecas. The fact that there 
were but few Indians in this section of country in 1789, is 
easily accounted for by the scattering and destruction of 
the tribes in the Sullivan expedition ten years before. 
Their power was broken, their numbers were diminished, 
and many had scattered into other parts of the country 
remote from the incoming tide of emigration. The Cayugas 
ceded their lands to the State of New York by the treaty of 
Albany, February 25, 1789. This included Eastern Wayne. 

The territory of the Seneca Indians was within the Massa- 
chusetts claim. It may be necessary to explain that this 
claim arose out of the original defective or incorrect lan- 
guage of the ancient charters. 

The Kings of England and France were either poor geog- 
raphers or very careless in their grants of territory in the 
New World. In the year 1620, the King of Great Britain 
granted to the Plymouth Company a tract called New Eng- 
land, several degrees of latitude ,in width, and extending 
from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. Charles I., in 1663, 
granted to the Duke of York and Albany, the province of 
New York, including the present State of New Jersey. 
This tract was bounded by what is now substantially the 
east line of the State of New York, extending westward indef- 
initely, and from the Atlantic ocean northward to Canada. 
Of course these two descriptions overlapped each other, and 
were impossible of application. The conflicting questions 
growing out of these facts were settled by commissioners 
of New York and Massachusetts, who m.e't at Hartford 


December i6, 1786. The jurisdiction or right of govern- 
ment over all the territory which is now the State of New 
York, was granted to New York. The title to the soil or 
the pre-emption right to purchase such title from the Indians 
was granted to Massachusetts, for all the territory of New 
York west of a meridian line drawn northward from the 
82d mile stone in the north line of Pennsylvania. This line 
as first surveyed constitutes what is now known as the "Old 
Pre-emption Line." It strikes Lake Ontario at Preston's 
Mills, in Sodus. A dispute as to the correctness of the sur- 
vey led to the location of a second line known as the " New 
Pre-emption Line." This terminates just east of Briscoe's 
Cove, Sodus Bay, and is the present Eastern boundary of 
the towns of Sodus and Lyons. 

This shows that the purchase from the Senecas of their 
lands was of necessity, made by the State of Massachusetts 
or its grantees, and not by the State of New York. The 
council for securing the cession met at Buffalo Creek, July 
4, 1788. The tract finally ceded by the Indians was bounded 
east by the Pre-emption Line, and west by a line " beginning 
in the Northern line of Pennsylvania, due south of the cor- 
ner or point of land made by the confluence of the Genesee 
river with the Canaseraga creek ; thence north on said 
meridian line to said point ; thence northwardly along the 
waters of the Genesee river to a point two miles north of 
Canawagus village ; thence due west twelve miles ; thence 
running northwardly to Lake Ontario by a line twelve miles 
from the Genesee river." 

This tract was the Phelps & Gorham Purchase, or, as sub- 
sequently known, " the Pultney Estate." This purchase, 
from the Seneca Indians, included that part of Wayne county 
lying west of the Eastern boundary of Sodus. 

The formal extinguishing of the Indian title to Wayne 
county is thus traced : East of the Pre-emption Line, ceded 
by the Cayugas February 25, 1789; west of the Pre-emption 
Line, ceded by the Senecas at the Council that met July 4, 

Indian occupation at the commencement of settlement in 
Wayne county was therefore only temporary, transient as 


has already been shown. They had sold their right to the 
soil and were gradually disappearing from the forests of 
their fathers, and from the ancient hunting grounds of their 

A more precise statement as to the boundary between the 
Senecas and the Cayugas is furnished in the following mem- 
orandum, by George Conover, of Geneva, who is a very 
diligent student of pioneer history, and to whom the author 
is indebted for many facts and suggestions upon this and 
similar questions. 

As soon as the treaty was concluded, in September, 1788, 
with the Oneidas and Onondagas, the Commissioners of 
Indian affairs directed Rev. Samuel Kirkland to proceed to 
the Indian country, tb induce the Cayugas to attend a coun- 
cil, (Hough's Indian Treaties, p. 251.) His instructions were 
in writing, and the following extract is taken : 

" As a small part of the lands of the Senecas is supposed 
to lie East of the Line of cession to Massachusetts, it is the 
wish of the Commissioners, that the chiefs of the tribes con- 
nected with the Cayugas, may be informed of the nature of 
our settlement with the Oneidas and Onondagas, and that a 
sufficient number of the chiefs of such Tribes to transact 
this business, should attend with the Cayuga chiefs ; but as 
the latter object is small, we cannot be justified in putting 
the State to any considerable expense to procure the 
attendance of the Senecas." 

The old pre-emption line had at this time been run, and 
went through the very center of the Old Castle, or Kana- 

Reed and R) ckman procured an attendance of Cayugas, 
and the treaty of cession was held with them at Albany, 
February, 1789, and included a reservation to " a white per- 
,son," (Joseph Paerdre,) " married to a daughter of a Cayuga, 
named Thaneswas," of three hundred and twenty acres, at 
Kashong creek, seven miles south of Geneva. This Than- 
eswas was a Seneca, instead of a Cayuga, and was one of the 
speakers for the Cayugas. — (See Hough's Treaties.) 

The western bounds of the cession was the old pre-emp- 
tion line. 

February 2, 1790, Rev. Mr. Kirkland presented the follow- 
ing paper to the Board— (Hough's Treaties, page 356) : 


Kanadasegea, loth December, 1789. 
Brother Governor of New York Attend: 

I have received your message by the mouth of our friend, 
the Minister. In your speech you wished to know of us 
Senecas, if we have any further demands upon you for the 
lands about Newtown,* on the Teyasgea,t or if our nation 
have anv ancient claim to any lands east of the line of Ces- 
sion, made by New York to Massachusetts, to which line 
Mr. Phelps lately purchased of our Nation, and on condi- 
tion it should be made to appear that our Nation have any 
just claim to any lands east of the aforesaid line, the Gov- 
ernor is disposed, in behalf of the People of New York, to 
make them a just compensation, for he would not have the 
Senecas, nor any Indians wronged out of one foot of their 
Brother Governor:— 

This you desire to know. I thank you, Brother, for the 
just and good mind you manifest towards Indians. Brother 
possess your mind in peace ; our Indians are all on the 
hunt) only one chief left at home with me, but I can give 
you full satisfaction on the subject of your speech. We 
formerly claimed a small tract of land about Newtown, on 
the Teyasgea, and the Cayugas, by ancient Tradition, 
claimed' a tract towards lake Ontario, west of the line of 
Mr. Phelps's purchase. We Senecas, with the Cayugas, 
taking this matter into consideration, at our council held on 
Buffalo creek, last spring, mutually and unanimously agreed 
that Mr. Phelps's East line should be the boundary line 
betwixt us. We Senecas relinquished all claims to any lands 
east of said line, and the Cayugas relinquished all their for- 
mer pretensions to any lands west of said line. Therefore, 
we have no demands upon the people of New York for any 
lands east of the line run by Mr. Phelps. We, nevertheless, 
expect you will make the Cayugas a reasonable compensa- 
tion, which in your wisdom and righteousness you will 
determine. We wish prosperity to your government. 

Brother Governor, this is all I have to say ; farewell. 

KALONDOWDNEA, alias Big Tree. 

Translated and wrote by Samuel Kirkland, Missionary, 
and to the justness of the transaction he can make oath, if 
required. In presence of Seth Reed, 

Joel Prescott. 

* Five miles below present Elmira. 
t Tioga. 


The foregoing makes it absolutely certain that the]whole of 
Great Sodus Bay, originally belonged to the Cayugas. The 
Moravian Missionaries, Bishop Cammerhoff, and Rev. David 
Zeisbeyn, journeyed through here in 1750. At the N. E. 
corner of Seneca lake, they found a Cayuga village, called 
Nuguiaze. This, shows that the east shore of Seneca lake 
belonged to the Caj'ugas. Seneca lake, itself, doubtless 
belonged to the Senecas, although there may be some ques- 
tion even, about that, but from the fact that the Senecas 
owned about Newtown, on the Tioga, the lake was undoubt- 
edly the Senecas. 

If we extend the investigation of Indian occupancy back- 
ward into the centuries preceding the time, when lands 
were ceded and settlements made, we enter upon a dim 
uncertain era, in which there is but little that can be determ- 
ined. Wayne county belonged to the Senecas and Cayugas. 
So much is known. The five nations occupied these lands 
in central New York, at the time the French made their 
earliest discoveries along the St. Lawrence. The Indian 
accounts of themselves showed that at some date before the 
period of French discovery, the Iroquois had lived along 
the St. Lawrence, and had been gradually driven southward 
by the Indians of Canada, until they had located all along 
the center of what now constitutes the State of New York. 
When first known to the whites, they consisted, commenc- 
ing at the east, of the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Ononda- 
gas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas. 

About 1690, after various wars with southern Indians, they 
incorporated into their league, the Tuscaroras, and became 
known as "the six nations." 

So far as Wayne county has been critically examined for 
proofs of Indian villages ; for remains of Indian encamp- 
ments' ; for Indian battle fields, or Indian burial places, ver}' 
little has been discovered, 

But few relics of Indian times have been found around 
Sodus Bay. Occasionally, arrowheads, such as may be 
found in almost any part of the country, are picked up here. 
Mr. William Gatchel, of Huron, states that his father once 
found an Indian mortar near the Bay. It may account for 


the scarcity of relics around the Bay, to notice that the 
Indians did not locate their principal villages along great 
bodies of water. Their homes were more easily defended 
if located farther into the country. 

On the farm of Captain N. F. Strickland, Walworth, there 
is a place comprising two or three acres, over which many 
arrowheads have been found ; sufficient to indicate, perhaps, 
a village, or at least the site of a temporary encampment. 

On the Moore farm, west of Walworth Corners, there is 
a mound having something of a peculiar appearance, as if 
out of place on the low ground. It has sometimes been sup- 
posed to be an Indian mound ; but perhaps the idea has 
little foundation. Hon. H. H. Wheeler, furnishes the fol- 
lowing item : 

" As late as 1815, there existed an old Indian hut, built in 
the style of our primitive log houses, but of small timbers, 
not more than six inches thick, perhaps. It stood at a place 
then known as the "Old Indian Camp," on the south side of 
the (then) " old Block House Road," half, a mile west of 
Wheeler's Corners, my present residence. When, or by 
whom it was built or occupied, I never learned. Probably 
it was a sort of a rendezvous for a band of Indians hunting 
in this neighborhood, at some not very remote period." 

On the farm now owned by Walter L. Cone, in the town 
of Ontario, many arrows have been found. They occur on. 
a small rise of ground comprising an acre or more, situated 
on the north side of the Ridge road, and not far from it. 

On the farm of James D. Wood, Savannah, four miles 
northeast of Savannah village, and a mile and a half from 
the Seneca river, an old well was discovered several feet 
below the surface; the existence of which no one knew any- 
thing about at or subsequent to the first settlement. 

On the same farm was found, (not an Indian relic,) an 
ancient toad. The animal was dug out several feet below 
the surface, having been embedded in hard red clay. Appar- 
ently it had been excluded for ages from light and air. 
After being thrown out, it exhibited signs of life. 

Just south of the line of Wayne county, considerable many 
relics have been gathered. In the historical rooms at 
Waterloo, there are several curiosities presented by Mrs. 


Henrietta Barnes, of Junius — a stone hammer, stone pipe, 
and a horn ladle. 

By William G. Phillips, of Junius, a number of arrow- 
heads ; also similar relics by Myron Coleman. 

On the farm of L. H. Clark, three and a half miles east of 
Pultneyville, have been picked up arrow-heads, a stone 
hatchet and a pestle. 

Dr. Benjamin Wilson, of Wolcott, has quite a handsome 
collection of Indian relics, gathered from various places in 
Wolcott and vicinity. 

De Lancy Stowe, of Clyde, is also making a collection of 
Indian curiosities. 

C. B. Collins, now of Clyde, relates a discovery that may 
have some bearing on ancient matters in this section. 

About forty-five years ago, he plowed up a fragment of a 
cannon on the old Collins farm in Rose. The place was in 
the present village of Rose Valley, in the field on the left of the 
road to Wolcott and near the curve. The piece was eighteen 
or twenty inches long, having a bore of some two inches in 
diameter. The plow caught in a basswood stump, perhaps 
a foot and a half in diameter, and as the stump was turned 
out the iron piece was rolled out from beneath it. There 
was no lettering or other marks upon it. It was thickly 
coated with rust, and had every appearance of having been 
there for a long series of years. Unfortunately the piece 
was not preserved. 

Not more than a quarter of a mile northwest of the spot 
where the cannon was found, and on the farm of Thaddeus 
Collins, Jr., there was found about sixty years ago, an axe of 
peculiar shape, wide bit and light head, something like the 
so-called French axes found at Pultneyville. 

There was also discovered an ancient piece of pottery not 
more than fifty rods west from the cannon. The pottery 
crumbled to pieces so much that no fragments of it could be 
preserved, nor could it be easily described. 

•Along the ridge of land just west, considerable many 
arrow-heads were picked up in the early years. 

These remains indicate the location of an Indian village, 
or perhaps a French trading post of the early times. As the 



Indian trail from Sodus Bay to Cayuga passed up the creek 
(which is now a nnere rivulet running through the south part 
of the village of Rose), and so to Crusoe Lake, the site of 
this supposed trading post would be in a fertile valley only 
half a mile or so from the trail. 

That a line of Indian posts, forts, or villages, existed in 
Sodus west of the village is extremely probable. There is, 
at this, point, a range of hills rising abruptly from the Ridge 
Road on the north, with plateaus of considerable extent on 
the summits, and long, gentle slopes to the south. 

The highest point is on the farm of Perry McCarty, and 
there the Government Coast Survey erected a temporary 
observatory a few years ago, the summit being determined 
by the officers to be 350 feet above the level of Lake Ontario. 
A few rods east of this point numerous Indian relics have 
been picked up from a space of half an acre or more— mostly 
arrow-heads, but one or more stone hatchets have also been 
found and also a flint knife eight or ten inches long, evi. 
dently used for skinning animals. 

On another hill, half a mile southwest, on the present farm 
of Lawson Arms, is also a place of one or more acres upon 
which arrows have been found in considerable numbers, one 
man stating that he has himself probably picked up two 
dozen or more.* 

Still west of this, on the well-known Paddock farm, simi- 
lar relics have been found on the hill west of the barn. 

To stand on these hills and note the distant views that can 
be obtained from them, to glance at the hills themselves, at. 
their relation to each other and to the surrounding country, 
will show even to unmilitary eyes how strong and advan- 
tageous would be the positions indicated above. 

Even when dense forests covered all the low grounds, 
there would be visible from these points, and particularly 
from the one selected b)' the government officers, a wide, 
extent of the lake sweeping around almost to a semi-circle. 
The entrance to Sodus Bay, the "Bay of the Cayugas," 
would be distinctly visible. Southeast the view, is extensive, . 
it being said for years that in a clear day glimpses of build- 

* Watson W. Wood. 


ings in Auburn can be obtained. South and southwest 
there is a rolling, picturesque country, comprising views of 
great beauty and extent. Upon no points in all Northern 
Wayne could armies or villages have been so well posted 
for safety, for defense or for observation as upon this chain 
of hills. 

As one stands on these breezy heights and looks out 
to-day upon fields rich with ripening harvests, upon farms 
revealing the skillful hand of civilized industry, upon homes 
and villages, upon schools and churches, it requires a strong 
effort of the imagination to reach back into the dim ages of 
the past and see these hills covered with wigwams, with 
camps and fortifications. Up these steep heights invading 
armies may have pressed in desperate assault, while all along 
the brow of the hills behind the rude fortifications of the 
forest stood the defenders of camp and home. On these 
hills council fires doubtless burned, and around them was 
heard the rough eloquence of the Indian orator, or the wily 
appeals of the French trader. From these heights the signal 
blaze may have easily flashed inteUigence to distant points, 
to the Cayugas beyond the lake, bearing their name, to the 
Sencas at Old Castle, at Canandaigua, Victor, and even to 
yet more distant points. The movements of De Nonville's 
army, coasting the southern shore of the lake, might have 
thus been telegraphed to the Indians at Canandaigua, and the 
warriors brought together ready to meet the French com- 
mander before he could march overland from Irondequoit, 
the point where his army disembarked. 

In short, whether we test the probability of Indian occu- 
pation upon these hills by the actual rehcs found, by the 
strong natural advantages for defense, by the>extensive out- 
look to be obtained from their summits, by their convenience 
as signal points between the lake and distant places to the 
south, vye shall easily decide that here dwelt the plumed 
and painted warriors, and here were located camps and vil- 
lages in the long, dim ages of the past. 


This well known site of ancient Indian remains lies about 
a mile southeast of the village. It is a beautiful eminence, 


and rises abruptly upon the east from the low grounds of 
the Seneca river. The north declivity of the hill is also 
quite steep, and this formation extends a short distance 
along the west side rendering the northern portion of the 
hill a distinct, bold elevation. 

From the summit extending southward there is a series 
of gentle slopes descending to nearly the level of the low 
grounds on the east ; towards the southwest the descent 
is quite steep, but does not reach so low a point as upon the 
other portions of the outline ; and here it is somewhat 
connected to other hills lying upon the west. From the 
summit there is an extensive outlook, commanding the low 
lands of the Seneca, and the river itself for several miles 
above and below. Northward a distant view is obtained 
comprising small elevations of inconsiderable height and a 
wide extent of lower uplands. Directly west appears a 
range of hills not quite as high as Fort Hill ; and beyond 
this range lies the valley and adjacent marshes of the Clyde 

Fort Hill is upon the tract of country known in Savannah 
as "The Island," and not far from its southern boundary. 
The Seneca river forms what may be approximately termed 
the eastern boundary ; Crusoe Lake and its outlet that falls 
into the Seneca the northern boundary ; the Clyde river as 
it flowed to the Seneca before its channel was changed by 
the canal, the southern boundary ; while the western 
boundary consists of the Clyde river there flowing south- 
ward, and Marsh creek flowing northward into Crusoe Lake. 
To close the tract and make it an island there is a marsh 
covered with water a large portion of the time, lying 
between Marsh creek and the Clyde river. This marsh 
cannot of course differ much from the level of both the 
creek and the river, and must have to some extent the 
features of a bifurcated river, flowing in different directions 
at different times. 

The whole "Island" was evidently a favorite resort of 
the Cayuga Indians ; very likely a place of residence and 
thickly populated. The splendid opportunities for fishing 
and hunting in this region of forest and streams ; its bound- 


aries to some extent a natural line of defence, and its 
central location between Sodus Bay on the north, and the 
Cayuga Lake region upon the south, must have given it 
decided advantages, and made it a desirable place of encamp- 
ment or of permanent settlement. 

Fort Hill was undoubtedly strongly fortified and made 
capable of protracted defence. The fort occupied the 
highest part oi the summit at the northern end. It has 
been cleared of the ancient forest and been subjected to the 
leveling process of cultivation. The plow and the harrow 
have done their work of destruction upon the ancient lines, 
but the outline of the breastwork can still be fairly traced. 
The ground was about sixteen rods in its greatest length 
and eight rods in width, thus comprising from a half to 
three-quarters of an acre. The general figure is somewhat 
pear shaped, with the narrow end at the north. A portion 
of the way the breastwork is still quite distinct. Well in- 
formed persons who saw it only a few years ago before it was 
cleared and plowed, describe the breastwork, the ditch and 
the gateway, as quite prominent. From the south end of the 
fort down the slopes already mentioned, and dividing them in- 
to parallel ridges, is a slight ravine which might have formed 
a covered and protected pathway for friends to enter the fort 
even though it was hotly attacked, east, north and west. 

Old people living at Savannah, say that the early forest was 
thick and heavy upon this ground and that large trees had 
grown from the breastworks. 

It does not appear that any very great amount of relics 
has been gathered either from the grounds of the fort or 
from the vicinity. Arrowheads have been found as they are 
occasionally through all this country. Mrs. May, widow of 
the elder Dr. May, states that when she was a little girl, sixty 
years ago or more, she was often on Fort Hill ; that there 
were stumps of posts along the embankment; that pieces of 
guns were picked up in those days and bits of pottery. 
There does not appear to be any collections of these relics 
remaining in the vicinity. 

In digging gravel for the Central Railroad, there were 
.some Indian graves opened and the bones removed, along the 


line of the hill forty rods or more north of the track and a 
mile north of Fort Hill. 

It does not appear that any crosses have been picked up 
on Fort Hill or in the vicinity. So that it is not entirely clear 
that Fort Hill is the site of the Jesuit mission St. Ren6 as has 
been supposed by recent investigations of ancient records. 
Judged by the distances given in a pamphlet edited hj 
Rev. Dr. Hawley, of Auburn, and published by the Cayuga 
Historical Society, St. Rent^ or the village Onontare could 
hardly have been so far north. They should be looked for 
perhaps in the vicinity of Montezuma rather than Savannah.*" 

On the Ramsdell farm, northeast of Savannah village, near 
the Seneca river, and just off of the Island is an Indian bury- 
ing ground. 

The story of the Catholic missions is one of romantic inter- 
est, though it cannot be given in this volume. The Jesuit 
fathers having established themselves at Onondaga in 1653^ 
deputies from the Cayugas and Senecas, even then sought to 
have missionaries sent to them. Two or three years elapsed 
however, before this was done. Shea's history says : 

" When the faith had thus acquired a footing at Onon- 
daga, the band of apostolic men spread themselves among- 
the Cantons. In the latter part of August, 1656, Fathers 
Chaumont and Menard set out to answer the invitations of 
the Cayugas and Seneca. The former leaving Menard at 
Cayuga, proceeded to the populous villages of the Senecas. 

" Alter a paragraph descriptive of the work among the 
Senecas, the narrative goes on, meanwhile Menard was now 
rapidly acquiring the Cayuga dialect under the instructions 
of an excellent family in whose cabin he was often a guest. 
His mission was advancing ; his chapel was crowded with, 
catechumens ; but he baptized few adults and seldom but in 
case of danger. After a stay of two months he was re-called 
to the Onondagas." 

An outbreak of hostilities compelled a termination of these 
missions. The French colony at Onondaga silently departed 
about midnight, March 20, 1658, and succeeded in reaching 

* The fact, however, that distances anciently stated do not appear to agree 
with our more accurate measurements should not be considered as disproving 
the location of St. Ren6 at Fort Hill. Onontare is believed to have occupied 
several different locations, and it is very certain that Fort Hill was one. 


The mission at Onondaga, was re-established August 12, 
1660, by the arrival of LeMoyne, at Onondaga, where he was 
welcomed by deputies from the Onondagas, the Cayugas 
and the Senecas. 

Various interruptions, however occurred, in extending the 
work. In October, 1667, Father-de-Carheil left Onondaga 
for the west, arrived at the Castle of the Cayugas on the 
6th of November, and found them devouring with sacrile- 
gious rites a Conestogue girl to propitiate their god. Yet 
they received the missionary kindly and at once raised a 
chapel which Father-de-Carheil dedicated to St. Joseph, pat- 
ron of the Jesuit missions and of Northern America. 

The historian, Shea, is very brief in relation to this work 
among the Cayugas, nor is there a sufficient fullness of 
description to enable modern students to locate accurately 
the scenes of these missionary labors. Rev. Dr. Hawley, of 
Auburn, has supplemented these narratives by a translation 
of the actual " Relations of the Jesuits." The general theory 
is that there were three Cayuga stations. One in the vicinity 
of what is now Union Springs, Cayuga county ; a second 
near the foot of Cayuga lake, not far from the Railroad 
bridge, and a third farther North at Fort Hill, Savannah. 
There may have been other points where mission work was 
done to some extent. 

Bishop McQuade, in an address at the laying of the corner 
stone of the Catholic church in Clyde, in 1869, advanced the 
theory that there was a Jesuit mission near Clyde, estab- 
lished about 1661.* Local tradition as to Indian occupancy 
added to the statements of the Bishop, points to the Watson 
farm as the site of an Indian village, and the possible Cath- 
olic chapel. No crucifixes have ever been picked up in the 
vicinity so far as is known, so that that species of evidence 
is wanting. 

The Watson farm was, however, undoubtedlj' the site of 

*Bishod McQuade, as reported in the Clyde Times, only said : " Two hun- 
dred years ago, on the borders of Cayuga Lake, stood a church, another house 
of God, erected by missionaries for the conversion of the Indian tribes ; that 
■was the house of God, too, although built of the bark of trees and Mentezuma 
reeds. It was the house of God because in it the sacrifice of Christ was offered.'' 
Those who heard him on the occasion referred to, understood him to allude to 
the vicinity of Clyde much more than this newspaper report indicates. 


a large Indian village, whether it was visited by Catholic 
missionaries or not. It lies a little south of Clyde, or south- 
west. There was originally a forest of magnificent growth 
largely free of underbrush. A spring yielding an abundant 
supply of water added to the attractions of the place. It is 
but a short distance from the Clyde river, a stream so con- 
venient as an Indian highway through the forests, and it is 
just far enough from Lake Ontario to make it a place of 
safety ; the Indians preferring to locate their towns in the 
interior, rather than along large bodies of water. Near by, 
too, is a hill of considerable elevation, from which a watch 
could be kept over the surrounding country — northward 
toward Sodus Bay, eastward towards Seneca river and 
Cayuga lake, and southwest to Old Castle and Canandaigua. 
The indications of Indian encampment were very marked 
and clear over all the large, nearly level area, not far from 
the present barn. Relics have been found there from the 
first settlement of the country ; and besides, there were 
numerous deep, black spots of earth, evidently the remains 
of fire-places. And so the evidence accumulates, that here 
was a village or encampment of considerable size ; that it 
was doubtless a town permanently occupied and the home 
of a large body of Indians.* 

In the recent excavations for the West Shore Railroad on 
the Andrew Mead hill, not far from Clyde, a valuable curi- 
osity was secured, and is now in the possession of Mr. Morley. 
It is an ancient stone pipe, the bowl square, abbut one and a 
half inches long, with a stem a little longer than that. It 
seems to be lettered, in one word — ATIX ; though it is not 
very clear just what the inscription is. 

* Similar evidences of an Indian encampment were also very clear upon the 
farm formerly owned by Adrastus Snedaker, a half a mile more east of the 
Watson farm. 



FROM the advent of Jaques Cartier upon the St. Law- 
rence in 1535, down to the "Old French War" of 
1 756-' 60, the chain of the Great Lakes, their shores 
and the adjacent country remained either nominally or 
actually under the dominion of France. Two and a quarter 
centuries had passed away. England and France, rivals in 
the old world and the new, had repeatedly contended for 
the prize of Colonial Empire. The long struggle was now 
to end. The white lily of France and the red cross of St. 
George were once more waving over hostile squadrons dis- 
puting the title to a country rich in its natural scenery, rich 
in its treasures of lake and river, forest and field, but richer 
still in its future destiny as the seat of civilized nations. 

The British opened the campaign of 1759, with three dis- 
tinct objects it! view, viz. : the capture of the three strong- 
holds of French power — Niagara, Montreal and Quebec. 

The attack upon the first of these is the only one that is 
intimately connected with the history of Western New York, 
and involves to some extent the pioneer history of Wayne 


The force destined for Niagara rendezvoused at Schenec- 
tady early in May. It consisted of two British regiments, 
a detachment of Royal Artillery, a battalion of Royal Amer- 
icans, two battalions of New York Provincials, and a large 
force of Indian Allies under the command of Sir William 
lohnson. The Indians were mostly Mohawks, Oneidas and 
Onondagas ; the remainder being Cayugas and Senecas, 
with a few from such western nations as had been partly 
won over to the British interests. Brigadier-General 
Prideaux was the Commander-in-Chief ; next in rank was 
Sir William Johnson, who, previous to this, had been regu- 
larly commissioned in the British array. 


The force moved from Schenectady on the 20th of May, 
1759, came up the Mohawk, and by the usual water route 
reached Oswego, where it remained for over five weeks, 
completing the preparation of Batteaux for navigating Lake 


On the first of July, the whole force were embarked, and 
coasting along the shore of the lake. Their destination was 
Fort Niagara, a strong fortress, the seat of French dominion, 
over a widely extended region ; the key. to the primitive 
commerce of the western lakes; its battlements in solitary 
grandeur frowning defiance to any force that would be likely 
to reach it through difficult avenues, in its far-off location in 
the wilderness. Never in all the modern periods, have the 
waters of Ontario borne upon their bosom a more formid- 
ble armament. In addition to a large force, requiring abund- 
ant stores and camp equipage, there was the heavy artillery, 
and all the requisites that British military skill had deemed 
necessary for the reduction of a strong fortress, by regular 
approaches ; such as the plan of attack contemplated. 

How mingled and various were the different races, and 
of how different habits and characters, were the men of this 
expedition ! There was the proud titled Briton, who 
had seen more of the refinements and luxuries of courts, 
than of the hardships of camps in the wilderness; there were 
veteran officers and Soldiers, who had fought in European 
wars, inured to the camp and of the field ; and there were 
the sons of the wealthy and influential colonists in New 
York, and along the Hudson river counties, who had sought 
commissions in the army, and were going out in their first 
campaign. There were provincials, men and boys, trans- 
ferred from the stores, the counting-houses, and the mechanic 
shops of New York and the rural districts of Westchester, 
Richmond, Kings, Queens, Suffolk, Dutchess, Ulster, 
Orange, Albany, and the lower valley of the Mohawk 
bound for the camp, for the drill, and for a march that 
seemed then further extended, and more difficult than 
one over the mountains to Oregon, would at the present 
time. Lastly there were the warriors of the Iroquois, fully 
imbued with their ancient war spirit, decked out with feath- 


ers, chains and hoops, the spoils of the forest chase, and with 
new paint, broad-cloth blankets and siver ornaments, the gifts 
of the King. 

The armament coasted along the southern shore of the 
lake. The first night they encamped at Sod us, invited there 
by the beautiful bay, in which their water-craft could be 
made secure from winds and waves, as their frail structure 

Their other halting place for the night, were at Ironde- 
quoit, Braddock's bay and Johnson's creek. Arrived at the 
mouth of the Eighteen Mile Creek, (where is nc*v the village 
of Olcott,) within eighteen miles of Fort Niagara, a halt was 
made to enable reconnoitering parties to go out and deter- 
mine whether the French had made a sortie from the Fort 
in anticipation of their arrival. 

On the 7th of July, the British moved forward and the 
siege of Niagara commenced. The fort was bravely 
defended, but the French commander was compelled to sur- 
render on the 24th, and Western New York passed from the 
dominion of France to thatof England. 

During the remainder of that year and in the next cam- 
paign of 1760, the other strong-holds were captured and 
French supremacy was terminated all along the line of the 
St. Lawrence and the Lakes. 



THE only connection which Wayne county can be said 
to have with the War of the Revolution arises from 
the fact that there was among the early settlers a 
considerable number of soldiers who had been engaged in 
that struggle for Independence. 

It was several years subsequent to the peace of 1783, that 
the first white men located within the limits of this county. 
The adoption of the Constitution and the inauguration of 
General Washington as the first President, were the national 
events that were really coeval with the settlement of Wayne 
county, as the Stansells and Featherlys made an opening 
at Lyons in that year. 

In these days of growing respect for the memory of the 
soldiers of the Republic in whatever war they may have 
fought, it is interesting to gather into permanent form the 
names of these pioneers who came to establish homes upon 
the soil which had been secured by their valor, and to live 
thereafter in peace under a government founded by their 

We have first the following official list of . pensioners as 
they were recorded upon the books of the government in 
1835. To these the dates of death and place of burial have 
been added so far as they can now be obtained. The age 
given refers to the year 1835 : 

James Adams — Private, Connecticut Militia, annual pension, 
$30, commenced April 11, 1833; aged seventy-four; 
died December 8, 1833. 
James Adams — Private, New Jersey Militia, annual pension, 

$30, commenced August 7, 1833 ; aged seventy-three. 
George Austin — Private, Rhode Island Continental Troops, 
annual pension, $26.66, commenced March 4, 1831 ; 
seventy-eight yeai-s of age. 


George Babcock, Arcadia — Private, New York Militia, annual 
pension, $80, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy. 
It is understood in his family that he also served in the 
war of 1 81 2, at Sodus Point and elsewhere. 
Thaddeus Bancroft, Sodus — Private, New York Militia, 
annual pension, $20, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged 
sixty-nine. Lived in the east part of the town ; was a 
public man of considerable prominence, and a Justice of 
the Peace for many years. 
Joel Bishop, Rose — Private, Connecticut Continental Troops, 
annual pension, $80, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged 
seventy-four. [See additional notes below.] 
Phineas Bill, Palmyra — Private, Connecticut Militia, annual 
pension, $70, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged eighty. 
He was born in Groton, Connecticut, removed to Pal- 
myra in 1818; died January 25, 1839, and was buried 
in Palmyra Cemetery. 
Benjamin Billings, Macedon — Ensign, Connecticut Militia. 
Was with the army at Cambridge and in the battles of 
New York and White Plains. Annual pension, $160, 
commenced March 4, 1831. He was born in Preston, 
Connecticut, September 23, 1753, and died in Macedon, 
January 13, 1838; he was buried in Palmyra Cemetery. 
He was in the battle of Saratoga, and was present at 
the surrender of Burgoyne ; served about three years. 
Samuel Black — Private, Massachusetts Militia, annual pen- 
sion, $30.88, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy. 
Moses Blakely, East Williamson — Private, Connecticut Con- 
tinental Troops, annual pension, $96, commenced April 
30, 1818. Dropped from the roll under the act of May 
I, 1820; pensioned again under the act of June 7, 1832, 
annual pension, $60 ; aged seventy-five. 
Joseph Carry, Walworth — Private, Massachusetts Continental 
Troops, in service seven years, annual pension, $80, 
commenced March 4, 1831 ; age not given ; died in On- 
tario, at the house of Isaac Carey. His grave is in the 
Patterson burial place, Ontario. 
Wessel Cornue, Arcadia — Private New Jersey Militia, annual 
pension, $31,07, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged sixty- 
Isaac Curtiss, Williamson — Private, Massachusetts Con- 
tinental Troops, annual pension, $46.66, commenced 
March 4, 1831 ; died February 10, 1849, at the age of 
ninety-four years and six months, and was buried in the 
Williamson cemetery. 


David Cowen—Fuvate, Rhode Island Militia, annual pension, 
$63.33, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy. 

£>avtd Dalrymple, Walworth — Private, Massachusetts Con- 
tinental Troops, annual pension, $80, commenced March 
4, 1 83 1 ; aged sixtj-eight. He came from Coleraine, 
Massachusetts, resided in Walworth about ten years, 
but removed to Jefferson county and died there in 1859. 
Benjamin Billings reports him to have moved to Michi- 
gan, and to have previously resided in Macedon. 

Beebe Denison, Sodus — Private, New York Militia, annual 
pension, $20, commeneed March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy- 
three. He died at an advanced age in East Palmyra, 
and was buried in the cemetery"at that place. 

Benjamin Deuel, Savannah — Private, New York Militia, 
annual pension, $43.33, commenced March 4, 1831 ; 
aged sixty-nine. 

Samuel Dunn — Private, Massachusetts Militia, annual pen- 
sion, $80, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged eighty. 

Josiah Dunning, Sodus — Private and Sergeant, New Hamp- 
shire Militia, annual pension. $41.66, commenced March 
4, 1 83 1 ; aged seventy-nine.* 

Beeri Foot, Galen — Private, Connecticut Continental Troops, 
annual pension, $21.43, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged 
seventy-one. He died May i, 1841, at Lock Berlin, and 
was buried in Lyons Rural Cemetery. 

David Glidden, Lyons — Private and Sergeant, New Hamp- 
shire Militia, annual pension, $61.33, commenced March 
4, 1831 ; aged seventy-four. 

Valentine Hahn, Williamson — Private, Pennsylvania Militia, 
annual pension, $70, commenced March 4, 1831; aged 

Job Harrison, Williamson — Private, New Jersey Militia, 
annual pension, $56.66, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged 
sixty-eight; died February .1.9, 1833, and was buried in 
the cemetery at PultneyviUe. 
Velin-a Hoisington — Private, Vermont Militia, annual pension, 
$80, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy-one. 

Shevah Houghton, Arcadia — Private and Lieutenant, Con- 
necticut Militia, annual pension, $113.33, commenced 
March 4, 183 1 ; aged seventy-six. ^ ■ 

Darius Howard, Huron — Private, Connecticut Militia, annual 
pension, $30, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged sixty- 

* From the Wayne Se/iimei.' "Died, in Sodus, on the 27th of February, 
1842, Mr. Josiah Dunning, a soldier of the Revolution, in the eighty-seventh 
year of his age. He was formerly from Vermont." 


Joseph Jackson, Walworth — Private, Connecticut Militia, 
annual pension, $80, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged 
seventy-seven. He is indistinctly remembered as resid- 
ing in Walworth about 1835, but it is not ascertained 
where he died, and it is supposed he rfemoved from the 
Solomon Leonard, Marion — Private, Connecticut Continental 
Troops, annual pension, $80, commenced March 4, 183 1 ; 
aged seventy-four. 
Solomon Lombard — Private and Sergeant, Connecticut Militia, 
annual pension, $55, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged 
Michael Lusk, Arcadia — Private, New York Continental 
Militia, annual pension, $30, commenced May 4, 183 1 ; 
aged sixty -four. 
Daniel Matthewson, Walworth — Ensign and Lieutenant 
Rhode Island Militia, annual pension $63.33, commenced 
March 4, 1831 ; aged eigh ty -three ; died September 8, 
1832, and is buried in the Baker cemetery. 
James McDonald — Private, New York Continental. Militia — 
annual pension $40.26, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged 
Simeon Merrill, Butler — Private, New York Militia, annual 
pension, $30, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy- 
Joh7i Myers — Private, New Jersey Militia — annual pension 
$50, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy-four; died 
in Michigan. He was the grandfather of John W. 
Myers, now residing at Sodus village. 
Noles Negus, Marion — Private, Rhode Island Continental 
Troops, annual pension $96, commenced April 13, 1818, 
dropped from the roll underact of May i, 1820; pen- 
sioned again March 4, 1831, $8o.a year; aged seventy-five. 
Buried m the Negus family cemetery in the orchard 
on the farm now owned by Wm. Vandusen. 
Seba Norton, Sodus — Private, New York Militia, annual pen- 
sion $80, commenced March 4, 1831, aged seventy-three. 
[See notice under the head, Sodus.] 
Roger Olmstead, Butler — Private, Connecticut Militia, annual 
pension $26.66, commenced March: 4, 1831, aged sixty- 
Jacob Patrick, Lyons— Private, New York Militia, annual 
■ pension $56.66, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged sixty- 


Noah Palmer, born in Tiverton, Rhode Island, Aug. 25, 1759, 
settled in Macedonin 18 10, Private and Corporal, Rhode 
Island Militia, annual pension $84.90, commenced March 
4, 1831 ; aged seventy -four ; died March 6, 1875, and is 
buried in the Palmyra cemetery.* 

Jonathan Pendell, Sodus— Private, New York Continental 
Troops, annual pension $55.09, commenced March 4, 1831; 
aged eighty-four. He resided east of South Sodus, in a 
log-house on the right of the road before reaching the 
Robinson hill. He was born in 1749, and died at South 
Sodus in 1839, aged about ninety years. 

Christopher Pope, Galen — Private Massachusetts Militia, 
annual pension $80, commenced March 4, 1831, aged 
seventy-nine. Buried at Ferguson's Corners.f 

William Rice, Marion — Private Massachusetts Militia, annual 
pension $30.00; commenced March 4, 185 1 ; aged sixty- 
eight. He was the lather of Josiah Rice, of Sodus, and is 
buried in the Corey cemetery, west part of the town of 

Joseph Roby, Macedon — Captain Massachusetts Militia, annual 
pension $160, commenced March 4, 183 1 ; aged eighty. 
He was born in Lynn, Massachusetts, Feb. 22, 1753. 
Settled for a time in Macedon, but removed to Brock- 
port, where he died April 13, 1836. He was at one 
time a merchant in Boston, Mass., and helped throw 
the tea overboard in the harbor. 

Elijah Root — Private, Connecticut Militia, annual pension 
$66.66; commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy-six. 

Israel Sabin, Wolcott — Private, Connecticut Militia, annual 
pension, $23.33, commenced March 4, 1.83 1 ; aged 

Ezekiel Scott, Butler — Private, Connecticut Continental 
troops, annual pension $96, commenced May 6, 1818. 
Dropped from rolls under act of May i, 1820. Pensioned 
again commencing March 4, 1831, $80; age not given 

Matthias Shear — Private, New York Militia, annual pension, 
$30.66, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy-five. 

Gabriel Smith — Private in Infantry and Cavalry Connecticut 
Continental Troops, annual pension, $90, commenced 
March 4, 1831; aged seventy -two. 

Nathan Smith, Lyons — Sergeant, Vermont Militia, annual 
pension, $80, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy- 

* Noah Palmer served in the Revolution five years, and was a deacon in the 
Baptist church 40 years, 
f Another informant says " buried in Spier's cemetery, Lyons. 


Ebenczer Still, Walworth — Private, Massachusetts Conti- 
nental Troops, annual pension, $96, commencing April 
4, 1 81 8. Dropped from the rolls under act of May i, 
1820 ; pensioned again May 4, 1831, $80. He died Feb- 
ruary 8, 1848, and was buried at West Walworth; age 
not given. 

Jonas Stevens — Private, Massachusetts State Troops, annual 
pension, $80, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy- 

Alexander Stewart, Williamson — Private and Corporal, Mas- 
sachusetts Continental Troops, annual pension, $49.33, 
commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged eighty-three; died 
'May 26, 1833.* 

Charles Sweet — Private, Rhode Island Militia, annual pen- 
sion, $22.31, commenced March 4, 1831 ; aged seventy- 

Garner Wait — Father of Mrs. Rufus Sweezey, formerly of 
Marion, was a soldier of the Revolution. He died 
in Walworth, and is buried in the cemetery at that 
Seth Watkins, Galen — Private, Massachusetts Militia, annual 
pension, $94.92, commenced March4, 1831 ; aged seventy- 
In 1840, the Marshals taking the United States Census, 
made what appears to have been a careful enumeration of 
the pensioners then living ; and the following names appear. 
Twelve of them are the same as in the list of 1835. The 
others had either moved into the county or had established 
their claims subsequent to 1835. The ages refer to the 
summer of 1840, when the Marshals collected the data : 


Wessel Cornue, 76; Shevah Houghton, 85 ; Thomas Treat, 
"jy ; George Babcock, tj. 


Simeon Merrill, 80 ; Roger Olmsted, 76 ; Reuben Barnes, 84 ; 
Ezekiel Scott, 81 ; Josiah Munson, 75 ; Ebenezer Pierce, 78! 

*'STorsiVi\^ Wayne Sentinel: 

" Died in 'Williamson on the 36th of May, 1833, Alexander Stewart, a soldier 
of the Revolution, aged 83 years. Mr. Stewart was born in the Parish of White- 
horn, County of Wighton, Scotland, and emigrated to this country in the year 
1774— having imbibed the spirit of independence which animated our country, 
he in the following year joined the patriot band who fought for and secured 
its independence, with whom he served and suffered at various times, until 
their object was attained. He sustained during a long life an unblemished 
character and commanded the respect and esteem of all who knew him." 



Beeri Foot, 78 ; Benjamin McClary, 79 ; John Selfridge, 
82, died in November, 1849, ^"d is buried in the Evans Cem- 
etery, Savannah ; Timothy Mcintosh, 80 ; Gilbert Hooker, 82, 
died May 9, 1849, buried in Maple Grove Cemetery, Clyde. 


Charles Kent, 78 ; Darius Howard, 75 ; Abram Van Size, 
'j'j : Paul Sherman, 81, probably buried in the northeast part of 
the town, near Port Bay ; Gad Hall, 81 ; Bulkley Johnson, 83. 


Josiah Dunning, 86; Jacob Patrick, 76 ; Nathan Smithy 79 ; 
Elijah Whiting, 82; David Glidden, 81 ; Benjamin Avery, 82. 


Obadiah Archer, 79; Solomon Leonard, 81, reported to 
have died in January, 1862, and buried in Marion, but this 
would make him 103 years old, so there is probably a mistake 


John Mack, 82, died June 14, 1852, buried at Wawarsink, 
Ulster county; John Speller, 74, died September 3, 1847; 
Willard Church, 82. 


William Jackways, 81, died July 28, 1848, in his 90th year, 
buried in Palmyra ; Daniel Wood, 83 ; Durfee Hicks, 83, died 
February 12, 1844, and was buried on the Benjamin Cole farm 
in Palmyra ; James G. Smith, 86. 


John Featherly, 80, died about the year 1843, in the town 
of Galen, and was buried in the York Settlement Cemetery,* 
no tombstone ; Emanuel Winfield, 79. 


Moses Lent, 78, died in 1846, and was probably buried in 
the town of Tyre, Seneca county ; Jabez Carter, 80, (W. F. 
Baggerly writes that Mr. Carter probably lived in the town 
of Butler ;) Francis Needham, 73, died in 1843, ^nd was buried 
in the town of Butler, on the farm of Hiram Abrams ; Ben- 
jamin Deuel, 73, — he resided on Great Lot No. 39, a noted 
tract in the history of the town ; he removed from there and 
old settlers do not know what became of him. 

* He, with Nicholas Stansell, made the first settlement iti the county, at 
Lyons in 1789. 


James Green, 82; Elizabeth Fitzhugh,* 74; Jonathan 
Clemmons, 85 ; John Norris, 86 ; Philip Demarest, 79. 

Joseph Carey, 83. 


James Calhoun, y-j ; Isaac Curtiss, 86 ; Marshal Barmore, 
84 ; Valentine Hahn, 80. 


Jocob Ward, 84 ; Jerusha Pease, 80. 

The following additional notices have been secured in 
which a few repetitions occur, but generally giving addi- 
tional facts. They are in many cases meagre and unsatis- 
factory, but they are the best which could be obtained from 
the relatives and descendants of the heroes of that struggle. 
Public invitations were repeatedly given through the press 
of the covmty asking that all items known concerning sol- 
diers of the Revolution who settled here, be furnished for 
use in this volume. Every response to those invitations has 
been carefully collected, and the facts inserted in their 
proper place. The editor has also given much additional 
labor to personal enquiries upon this point. The record is 
doubtless incomplete ; yet it affords much valuable informa- 
tion upon the services and burial places of these honored 
men. Their names are here preserved in permanent form, 
and the Posts of the Grand Army of the Republic will here- 
after have the opportunity in their annual decoration services 
of casting upon their graves floral tributes, emblematic of the 
love of a grateful people : 

Peter Shirts, of Claverack, Columbia county, was in the Revo- 
lutionary army for several years. His wife's maiden 
name was Houser. Her father Frederick Houser, gave 
to his children 640 acres of land, east of what is now 
Newark village, near the well known Price grist-mill. 
Peter Shirts settled upon the share falling to his wife 
about 1800. It is the tradition of the family that he 
was a captain. He is entered, however, as a private in 
the list recorded at Albany, of those who received land. 
He belonged to the second company in the first regiment 
of the State of New York, in the service of the Conti- 
nental Congress for three years or during the war. 

* Widow of Captain Peregrine Fitzhugh, mentioned below. 


From the Wayne Sentinel. 
Died in Newark, on the 20th of February, 1842, Mr. John 

McCarn, a soldier of the Revolution, aged eighty years. 
Died in Arcadia, on the 17th of March, 1844, Ebenezer 

Smith, a soldier of the Revolution, aged eighty-six years. 

Benjamin Lewis. — He was born in Hartford, Conn., and had 
four brothers also in the War of the Revolution, his young- 
est brother Reuben, being a drummer. He went into the 
service at the age of sixteen as a bearer of despatches,, 
afterwards enlisted in a company of dragoons, served 
for several years. He is understood to have been in sev- 
eral general engagements, among them Bunker Hill, 
Monmouth, Brandywine and Germantown. He was 
wounded three times and twice taken prisoner; "the last 
time while out in a scouting party of six. Before their 
captors could disarm them, Lewis shot one man from his 
horse, knocked another down and escaped back to his 
regiment. He received a ball in his leg which he car- 
ried through life. He lived a portion of his subsequent 
life in Dryden, Tompkins county, and came to Newark 
about 1832. He died December i, 1838, at the age of 
eighty-two, and is buried in Newark cemetery. He 
received a pension for some years before his death. Mrs. 
Lucinda Suthers and Mrs. Patterson are surviving chil- 
dren. The late Mrs. William Spears, of Sodus, was- 
another daughter. 

Nicholas Stansell suffered in the Indian wars connected with 
the Revolution, and is buried in Willow Avenue cem- 

Silas Payne, an early settler at Hydesville, was a Revolution- 
ary soldier. 

Benjamin Luce, born in Morris county. New Jersey, Feb- 
ruary 5, 1761 ; enlisted in 1777, and served until the close 
of the war ; was in the battles of Monmouth and Stony 
Point. He moved to Palmyra, in 1796 ; to Arcadia, in 
1805, one mile north of Newark village, where he died 
the next year, February 12, 1806. He left ten children, 
one of whom, D. F. Luce, now aged eighty-one, of 
Marion, is still living, and furnishes these facts. The 
widow survived until 1839. WiUiam Luce, another son, 
is still living at Palmyra, with his son George, ninety 
years of age. Robert Luce, another son, is still living 
at Ottawa, Kansas, ninety-five, (May, 1883.)* 

* Robert Luce was in the war of 1812. Captured September 17, 1814, and 
held at Halifax four months. Taken at iPort Erie. A son of Robert Luce, 
Robert M., was in the war of 1861 -'5, a member of a Wisconsin regiment. 


Amos Jenks was a Revolutionary soldier, and is buried in 
Willow Avenue Cemetery. 

Ger shorn Salmon was a soldier of the Revolution ; born in 
Reading, Fairfield county, Connecticut, September 26, 
1753. He lived for some time in this town, with his son- 
in-law, Joseph Crandall, but passed the closing years of 
his life in East Bloomfield, with his sons, where he died 
May II, 1843, aged seventy-eight years, seven months 
and sixteen days. 


Abner- Bivins, father of Edward Bivins, was a Revolutionary 
soldier. He served some years as a justice of the peace. 
The Bivins came in 181 5. 

Silas Winans lived on the C. M. Foster place. He was a 
Revolutionary soldier ; occupied land granted to him 
for services. 

Roswell Fox, grandfather of A. J. Fox, was in the Revolution^ 
ary war. He was born and lived in Connecticut until 
about 1800, when he moved west and settled in Oneida 
county, where he remained until 1810, when he removed 
to Wayne county. He settled on what is now known 
as the Post farm, in the town of Butler, and died in 1812, 
at about the age of sixty years. His wife lived to the 
age of ninety-six years. There were born to them three 
sons and seven daughters, of which David Fox, was the 
youngest, born 1798. He came from Connecticut when 
two years old; came into Waynecountyin i8io,andhas 
lived in this section nearly ever since. He is now nearly 
eighty-four years old, and in very good health, having 
seen a great many changes in the seventy-two years that 
he has lived in this county. When became into this 
section, there were but two houses in Syracuse. 

Ebenezer Pierce was a Revolutionary soldier. He was 
wounded in the. thigh with a bayonet. He settled in 
Lyons, afterwards lived in Butler, where he died about 
1850, and was buried in Lyons Cemetery. He received 
a pension during the late years of his life. 

Major Daniel Fowler, Buried in Miller's Cemetery, was a 
Revolutionary soldier; no dates have been obtained 
with reference to him. 
The following letter forms an excellent preface to several 

notes furnished by its writer, which we give below : 

South Butler, N. Y., February 26, 1883, 

Lewis H. Clark, Esq., Sodus : 
My Dear Sir — My recollection of the Revolutionarj 

soldiers who were early settlers in this neighborhood is 


quite distinct, but I was never possessed of the facts and 
dates of their muster and service, items most desirable, as I 
understand, for your history. 

My father came into this country m 1808, and althoug-h 
but a lad of thirteen years at the close of the Revolution, he 
was intimately acquainted with many (a few years older) 
who saw service, the theme of which never ceased to be a 
matter of conversation in their subsequent social interviews. 
His house, a mile north of my present residence, became a 
sort of rendezvous for early settlers in this neighborhood, 
among whom were several of these old soldiers — two or 
three perhaps, having preceded him— in their location and 
settlement of their Bounty lands ; this town, as you are 
aware, being included in the " Military Tract." 

Possibly, the accompanying sketches may be of service 
to you in finding the missmg links which must frequently 
be felt in your war history. 

" Such as I have give I unto thee," and remain, truly, 

H. H. Wheeler. 

" Captain " Peter Mills, the pioneer settler in this town,, 
who " drew " his bounty land, and lived where Lucius 
H. Viele now lives, (near the center of the town), I 
have always understood was a Captain in the Revolu- 
tionary war ; though I have no knowledge of the fact, 
nor of the man. He buried his wife, making the earliest 
grave in the town, prior to iSio, and left the country 
himself, before my time. Daniel Mills, his son, resided 
some time later, on the hill, now the northerly part of the 
farm which I occupy, and is among the earliest residents 
within my recollection. Captain Mills is believed to 
have settled here as early as the year 1803. 

Patd Wellman was a soldier in the Revolution, and settled 
about half a mile north of my present residence, as 
early as 1803 or 1805. I remember him as ah intimate 
friend and hear neighbor of my father during my earlier 
years, and remember the time he obtained his pension 
and some of the circumstances attending it, as early, 
perhaps, as 181 7 or 1820. But 1 never heard him say 
much about his military service, and don't know the 
fields he may have been in, nor the commander which 
he served. 

Silas Winans and Seth Craw, the one living a mile and the 
other two miles east of South Butler, in early times, 
I think, were Revolutionary soldiers, but, though I 
remember the men, I do not remember any particulars 
of their service. 


^' Major" William Moulton who drew, and for many years 
lived upon, his six hundred acre lot of bounty land, 
since known as " Moulton Hill," near the center of this 
town, I think stands on the muster roll as "Captain," 
though in our neighborhood he was always called 
"Major." He was one of the familiar, socfal callers 
and diners at my father's house during my youth ; a 
man of courtly manners, of some ability and education, 
and a great Democratic politician. 

Ezekiel Scott came into this town in 181 3, succeeding Seth 
Craw, and subsequently residing, till his death, in 1848, 
w^here his grandson, Abram C. Scott, now resides. He 
was a Revolutionary soldier, and served six years. 
He used to refer incidentally to his fatigue and services 
in the line, especially to the operations in and about 
Stillwater, which terminated in Burgoyne's surrender. 
I remember his saying, at the time the old soldiers 
were applying for their pensions (under the general 
pension act), that he was well enough off, and could 
live without a pension ; and yet I think in subsequent 
years he did apply and obtain his pension. He died 
September 13, 1848, and was buried in the Hubbard 

Titus Lockwood lived about two miles west of here, where 
Frank Cobb now lives ; came into the woods there 
somewhere from 18 17 to 1820. He had but one leg 
(besides a wooden one), but whether the loss occur- 
red in the service or not, I have no recollection of 
hearing. Of war reminiscences, he liked to talk of 
the " Battle of White Plains," in which he took an 
active part. 

Joel Bishop, who came into this county in 1812, and lived 
many years where his grandson, Chauncey E. Bishop, 
now resides, two miles north of Rose Valley ; was a 
Revolutionary soldier; was a prisoner, confined in 
the same building (the old Stone Prison) with the 
renowned Ethan Allen, in the city of New York ; and, 
I think, was detailed for special service as " Orderly," 
or servant for that renowned hero, certain distinctive 
privileges, according to rank, being granted to officers. 
He used to relate the mad pranks of Allen, putting his 
head out of the window (in his upper story room), 
jeering the red coats and telling them Burgoyne would 
have to surrender and they all be driven out of the 
city, etc. 


Lott Stewart, oi " Stewart's Corners," and " Captain" (John?) 
Harmon, half a mile east of there, just over the town 
line of Butler, were " Revolutioners ; " but they both 
left the country (removed to Cattaraugus county) as 
early, perhaps, as 1825 — certainly prior to 1830 — and 
although I well remember the men, I have no recollec- 
tion of ever hearing much of their service — nothing of 
their enrollment or commands. 


Spencer Clark, of Angell's Corners, sends the following 
names of Revolutionary soldiers in that vicinity : 
Abiather Stephenson, fought at Bunker Hill, and at the battle 
of Brandy wine, served through the war, and drew a pen- 
sion for some years before his death. 
Simon Burlingame and Jacob Coffin, were also Revolutionary 
soldiers who settled near Angell's Corners. 

Sylvester H. Clark, of Clyde, furnishes the following 

names : 

William Van Millier, a Revolutionary soldier, who died in 
Galen, April, 185 1, and was buried in the "White school 
house cemetery," two miles north of Clyde. 

Timothy Mcintosh, a Revolutionary soldier, is supposed by 
Adrastus Snedaker to have been buried on the old 
Briggs farm northeast part of Galen, in what has been 
called the Caywood cemetery. 

In connection with Galen, it should be mentioned that 
there has long been a tradition that in Sullivan's expedition, 
the army or a portion of it went through this town. The 
general route of Sullivan's march was south of here a few 
miles on the line of Waterloo. Yet there is of course a pos- 
sibility that scouting parties were thrown out northward. 

This tradition and the story of abandoned cannon are given 
by " G. P. L." in the following newspaper article : 

From the Lyons Republican of April 3, 1 879. 

"The tradition is that General Sullivan in his invasion of 
the territory of the Six Nations in 1779, swept everything 
before him clear to the shore of Lake Ontario ; that on his 
return he passed through the gap near where the first toll 
gate formerly stood on the plank road to Rose, then west- 
ward around the north end of the hill on the Peter Gordon 
farm, striking the river at Bruin's cove just west of Clyde, 


where he sunk and abandoned the cannon in question. When 
Mr. Aaron Griswold first came to this town in 181 3, about 
thirty-four years after the invasion, the story of an abandoned 
cannon was common talk. A man named King claimed to 
know the exact location; asserted that he had dived down 
and not only seen it but put his hand in the muzzle. No 
attempt was made to recover it at this time, but somewhere 
about the year 1840, a search was made for it. Mr. Aaron 
Griswold and Beriah Redfield in company with the Mr. 
King who clainrted to know exactly where it was, went up 
the river and spent some time in searching for the old can- 
non but failed to find it." 

The tradition itself has thus come down to the present 
time through sources entirely reliable, but whether the tra- 
dition is " founded on fact " will probably never be settled ; 
the stream has changed its course somewhat, and search 
would doubtless be a failure. 

Sylvester H. Clark also furnished to the Rochester Express 
the following notice of this interesting tradition which gives 
a different ownership to the supposed cannon : 

Correspondence of the Evening Express. 

Clyde, May 27. — Considerable has been written of late 
hereabouts in relation to a cannon — (six pounder) that was 
once sunk in the Clyde river — a little west of this village, by 
Butler's Rangers from Pennsylvania on their retreat before 
the victorious Sullivan in September, 1779. We have 
endeavored to discover the truth of the story and have par- 
tially succeeded in so doing. 

Butler, it appears, was a friend of the celebrated Indian 
warrior, Joseph Brandt, one of the six nations, the six nations 
being then composed of the Mohawks, Senecas, Cayugas, 
Oneidas, Onondagas and Tuscaroras, none of whom were 
on friendly terras with the white population of this section. 
When Butler's Rangers found that the indomitable chieftain, 
Sullivan, was in hot pursuit and very close upon them, it 
became necessary to and they did sink a cannon beneath the 
swift rolling waters of the Clyde. Of this fact, we have 
the testimony of men who settled in this region at an early 
day and from whom several persons now residing here have 
derived information relative thereto. John King, who was 
a business man in Clyde many years ago and whose father 
was a genuine pioneer, said, "that in his boyhood it was cur- 



rently reported among the trappers that a cannon had been 
sunk a little west of Clyde by Butler's men, and that rafts- 
men, in passing through the stream, had touched it with 
their poles." Mac De Golger, another old settler and once 
a raftsman, who had been dead manj years, used to say " that 
he had seen Butler's cannon." It is therefore a historic fact 
that there is now a cannon buried, not necessarily beneath 
the waters of the Clyde River, for the stream may have 
changed its course since then, but very near and possibly on 
the shore of it. The uncertainty of its exact location, how- 
ever, will forever preclude any attempt to secure the prize." 

As remarked above, it is scarcely possible now to verify 
either the fact that such abandoned cannon are there or 
settle the question who abandoned them. 


This has been a subject of discussion for many years. The 
settlement at Clyde was known for a time as " Block House." 
Roads are described in the early town records of all this 
section, by their relation to, and their connection with the 
" Block House road." Many speculations have been indulged 
in as to the date of its erection, and the purposes for which 
it was built, or for which it was subsequently used. 

It was not standing within the recollections of any persons 
now -living. In 1805, Captain Luther Redfield, with his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Dryer, visited this locality. They ascend- 
ed Dickson hill, the one in the rear of the present residence 
of Mr. E. B. Wells, and then climbed a tree to take in the 
outlook. From there they were able to catch a glimpse of 
the waters of Lake Ontario, with a broad view of unbroken 
forests. Descending the hill to the river, they made a raft of 
flood wood, and came over to the site of the Block House. 
It had been burned, but there were still left the charred ends 
of the logs at the corners — a few remains that entirely dis- 
appeared not long after. This account Mr. Adrastus Sned- 
aker received direct from Captain Luther Redfield himself. 
Other information is derived from Mr. John King. The 
latter was the son of a pioneer who located, probably about 
1790, at the point of the hill, a mile or more south or south- 
east of Lock Bertin. John King, in his boyhood, rambled 
up and down this valley with old trappers, and was himself 


an expert hunter. He became familiar with their stories 
and their descriptions of the Block House. It stood on the 
north bank of the Clyde river, and east of the mouth of 
Vanderbilt creek. The latter now a mere ditch through the 
village, enters the river beneath the bridge, a few rods east 
of the New York Central Freight Depot. The ground on 
which the Block House stood was a rounded elevation, 
sufficient to place it above the reach of high water. It was 
removed in the building of the railroad ; and it is yet a 
matter of regret at Clyde that this old historical landmark 
was lost by the grading at that time. 

The usual tradition of past years with reference to the 
Block House, is expressed in the following paragraph from 
a newspaper article by S. H. Clark : 

" Local historians have differed as to the origin, date of 
erection and history of the old Block House that once 
decorated the locality of the present village of Clyde, but 
the most direct, we think, authentic account comes through 
Adrastus Snedaker, an old and esteemed resident oi Clyde, 
who gained his information from John King, a pioneer long 
since dead, who in turn secured his knowledge of the events 
narrated bv the trappers that in olden time passed up and 
down the Clyde river. These trappers place the date of the 
erection of the building in 1756, during the French and 
Indian war, and say that it was originally a fort, where the 
inhabitants congregated for protection from the Indians. 
The building was two stories high, the upper projecting 
over the lower at the sides and ends. In the floor of the 
upper story — near the sides and ends — were port-holes, 
through which a volley might reach the enemy, should they 
undertake to fire the shanty. During the Revolutionary 
war the building was used as a depot for the storage of 
goods smuggled to and from Canada. We have no record 
of its destruction. Every vestige of it, however, had dis- 
appeared in 1805." 

Subsequently, the following account appeared in one of 
" Macauly's" letters to the ' Democrat and Chronic le, 
which dates the erection subsequent to the Revolution : 

" Having revived Fulton's first business voyage up the 
Hudson, I will add as a suitable accompaniment a sketch of 
the first boat on Lake Ontario. In 1789, John Fellows, a 
Massachusetts Yankee, started from Schenectady for Canada 
on a trading expedition. He reached the present site of 


Clyde, where he built a small log cabin in which to store 
his goods, while he was engaged in 'bushing out' a sled road 
to Sodus bay. His boat, w^hich he had brought with him, 
was hauled to the bay by an ox team, and in this he crossed 
to Canada and returned, having had good success. On his 
return he landed at Irondequoit. The boat was afterward 
bought by Judge Porter, who used it while cruising along 
the shore of the lake, being then surveying the Phelps and 
Gorham purchase. This boat, which was not honored with 
a name, is said on good authority, to have been the first 
white man's craft ever launched upon that lake, which is 
now so abundant in its magnificent and useful shipping." 

Macauly's authority was probably Ketchum's history 
quoted in the following letter from James Reeves : 

East Palmyra, June 23, 1883. 
Lewis H. Clark, Esq. : 

Dear Sir — Much has been said about the old Block House 
at Clyde, that was built east of the Clyde depot on the 
north side of the river. William Ketchura, in his " History 
of Buffalo and the Six Nations," makes the following state- 
ment, Ketchum's History, vol. 2, page 194 and 5 : 

" He says the first American craft that I knew 01 as navi- 
gating Lake Ontario was a Schenectadv batteaux, fitted out 
for a trading expedition to Canada in 1789, by John Feller, 
of Sheffield, Massachusetts — its cargo mostly tobacco and tea. 
On arriving at the Oswego river, he ascertained that he would 
not be permitted to pass the British posts at Oswego — and 
he manifested no little ingenuity and enterprise in overcom- 
ing the difficulty. He took his boat up the outlet of Canan- 
daigua lake to what is now called Clyde, where he built a 
small log house (long known as the Block House) to store his 
goods until he cleared out a sled road to Sodus Bay, where 
he transported boat and goods, and pursued his voyage, and 
with the aid of some secret friends disposed of his cargo to 
great advantage. He brought his boat back to Irondequoit 
creek and sold it to a man by the name of Lusk." 

Feller met Phelps at the Indian treaty, and he became a 
land speculator in Western New York. He went from 
Irondequoit direct to Canandaigua. 

The history of that log hut as I heard it from the early 
settlers, varies but little from Ketchum's, it was about 12 by 
18, without chimney, with split logs for a floor; it was used 
for many years by trappers, hunter and boatmen, as a camp- 
ing place. I have heard its history from a dozen different 
pioneers. Peeled basswood logs in the woods would not 
have lasted from the French war. James Reeves. 


This takes away something of the romance from the old 
traditional story. This account dates the building of the 
Block House only back to 1789, the year the Stanselis and 
Featherlys were making the first settlement of the county, 
at Lyons. If it was gone in 1805, it only stood fifteen or 
sixteen years. Yet, in this view even the Block House of 
Clyde, must remain an item of great interest in the early 
history. According to this account it belonged to that 
period subsequent to the Revolution, and prior to the Jay 
treaty, when as yet the British had not surrendered the forts 
at Oswego or Niagara, and when Indian alarms still ren- 
dered it a very wise precaution to have an actual fort for 

The tradition at Clyde, coming direct from John King, is 
very strong in favor of an older building than Ketchum's 
History describes. Mr. Red<ield, Mr. Snedaker and others 
are very positive in their recollections of the description 
given them by men who had seen it. Had it been so recent 
a structure (onl)' five or six years old at the time of John 
King's rambles), it could hardly have been handed down as 
so old a building. Without being able to settle the question, 
the author ventures to suggest that if John Fellows repaired 
and occupied a log house already erected instead of building one, 
the several accounts would be virtually harmonized. 

It is hardly possible for a historical writer to canvass a 
county in search of facts without hearing at least one story 
of money-digging ; and here it is for Wayne County, as told 
in a recent newspaper article : 

" A. S. Field and David Tuttle, of Clyde, two of the oldest 
pioneers of that village, relate a historical episode connected 
with the noted Block House of Revolutionary fame, that once 
graced that locality. It appears that in 1820, or thereabouts, 
a rumor was circulated in Clyde, then a small settlement, 
that before the destruction of the Block House, a large sum 
of money had been secreted either beneath or in close prox- 
imity to the building. Several of the then prominent citizens 
of Clyde, wishing to improve the state of their finances, 
resolved to dig for the hidden treasure, and selecting the 
midnight hour for such labor, they commenced operations. 
Night after night had thus passed, when in the midst of 
the enthusiastic prosecution of the enterprise, an ugly looking 


object appeared to them, dressed in white, and of a seeming 
unearthly origin. Then came an exemplification of braver}', 
as one of the part}' rushed up to the apparition with an 
uplifted axe, and exclaimed : ' Be ye man or devil, I'm after 
you ! ' The ghost (if such he was) made one bound and 
sought safer quarters in some underbrush near by, after 
which time he was no more seen. Many people believed 
that the whole party were more or less frightened, inasmuch 
as the money-digging mania ceased from that hour." 


Roswell Green was a Revolutionary soldier, settled in Huron, 
and lived to the extraordinary age of one hundred and 
six years. He died May 30, 1862, and is buried in the 
Huron Cemetery.* 

Isaac Richardson, Sr., was a soldier of the Revolution. He 
died September 3, 1818, and is buried in the Huron 

Buckley Johnson was a Captain in the Revolutionary war, and 
resided in Huron with his son-in-law, Benjamin Parker. 
Buried in Huron Cemetery.f 

Gad Hall is recorded on the - books of Keeslar Post, as a 
Revolutionary soldier, and they annually decorate his 
grave in Huron Cemetery. We have no other record. 

Isaac Richardson, born in Connecticut in March, 1752; a sol- 
dier of the Revolution ; moved from Springfield, Mass., 
to Cherry Valley, Otsego county, after the war ; died 
in Huron, and buried in Huron Cemetery. He had a 
family of thirteen children, only one of whom now sur- 
vives, Mrs. Horace Demmon, of Huron, aged eighty 


Daniel Dorsey, the early pioneer at Lyons in 1801, was from 
Maryland, and had held a Captain's commission in the 
Maryland line during the war of the Revolution. We 
have no further information as to his military services. 
He died in 1823, at the age of sixty-five. 

*In a letter to the Deinooatic Press, under date of October 32, 1860, George 
"W. Paddock, having visited Boswell Green, then living in Huron, at the age 
of one hundred and four years and six months, wrote : 

"When I' expressed my surprise at finding one so advanced in age, he said 
he was not so old as his grandmother was who lived to be one hundred and 
twenty, and he feared he would have to sit here as long. He lives with his 
grandchildren. I think that he is comfortably provided for." 

f Levi Paddock, of Clyde, writes of him : "He used to have a place on the 
platform at Fourth-of-July celebrations, from 1840 to 1850. He was much 
respected by his townsmen. I took lessons of him in military drill." 


Benjamin Avery, born in 1758, in Connecticut, enlisted in Con- 
tinental army ; served in the Canada expedition under 
Montgomery ; defended the military stores of Danbury ; 
was in action at Fort Mifflin ; ' wintered at Valley 
Forge ; served three years under General Wayne ; was 
in the battles of Monmouth and Stony Point ; was with 
the picked troops assigned to Gen. Lafayette ; first enlist- 
ment for two years ; second enlistment " for the war," 
and served through ; paid off in Continental money, 
worth two and a sixpence to the pound ; settled in Lyons 
in 1824, and died in 1843. 
Abraham Romeyn was a Revolutionary soldier, and is buried 

in Lyons Rural cemetery. 
Eli Hecox was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and is 

buried in Lyons Rural cemetery. 
Evert VanWickle ^z.^ ^. %o\ oi the Revolution. He was 
prominent in the early settlement of Lyons, and held 
various public offices. 
Amos Gilbert was born in the town of Brookfield, Mass., in 
the year 1757. He was a soldier of the Revolutionary 
war, being stationed at West Point during the last three 
years of the war. He was present at the surrender of 
Cornwallis. After the war, at general trainings in Mont- 
gomery count}', he used to be ordered out in front of the 
regiment to act as fugleman, (Webster defines a fugle- 
man — "A soldier especially expert and well drilled, who 
takes his place in front of a military company as an 
example or model to the others in their exercises.") He 
moved to Lyons, N. Y., in the year 1806. He had six 
sons, John, David, Solomon, Amos, Jacob and William. 
John, David and Solomon were members of Capt. Hull's 
company, who went into the army in the war of 1812, 
and Solomon died while in the service near Buffalo, and 
was buried near the fort. Amos Gilbert resided in Lyons 
almost continuously from 1806 until 1831, when he re- 
moved to the town of Sodus, where he died and was buried 
in 1832. His widow survived him six or eight years, and 
died in the town of CoUins, Erie county, N. Y. 
Elijah Whiting, a Revolutionary soldier is buried at' Lyons 
South Cemetery — (Grandfather of Elijah Ennis, of 
PalmyraA Was in General Washington's army in New 
York. Died about 1853, aged about ninety-eight. 


We give the following extended notice of Nicholas Stan- 
sell, whose name appears in the Arcadia list: 


Nicholas Stansell was born September 11, 1755, in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. In early childhood his father moved 
to the Mohawk valley, and there raised a large family among 
the stirring scenes that made the history of that section so 
full of interest. The powerful confederacy of Indians known 
as the six nations, had long controlled central New York. 

While they were carrying their arms west and south 
successfully, the white man was slowly advancing from the 
east. The Indians irritated and stung to the last degree 
would often turn and fall upon the white settlements with 
swift and sudden vengeance. Few families were called to 
witness more of these terrible scenes than the Stansells. 
They were a large, muscular race of men, the dread of the 
Indians, who sought every opportunity to destroy them. 
On one occasion, they had kept safely within the enclosures 
of a fort for a long time. Harvest was drawing near. The 
old man said to his five sons, one day: "Although it may 
be at the risk of our lives, we must trj' and secure our hay." 
The sons obeyed his orders and worked until near the close 
of the day. Nicholas was taken ill and was the first to 
retire. Looking back he saw an Indian crouching along 
half bent, with a rifle m his hand. He immediately shouted 
the alarm, when all commenced to run. Instantly they 
received a shower of bullets, followed by a terrific whoop, 
and the chase began. Two brothers escaped and reached 
the fort. One was shot and fell dead while crossing the 
fence ; one was captured and taken off, and Nicholas escaped 
by concealing himself among some high weeds. When the 
news reached the fort a posse of soldiers was sent to their 
relief. The prisoner was recaptured, but not until he had 
been badly mutilated by marking his ears. 

Sullivan's expedition of 1779, put an end to this state of 
things. The days of peace had come, but the Mohawk 
valley did not satisfy the ambition of Nicholas Stansell. 
He determined to go to the Genesee Country, as all Western 
New York was then called. In the spring of 1789, Nicholas 
Stansell and John Featherly built a boat on the Mohawk 
river, took their famihes on board, (twelve persons in all,) 
and started up stream. They took the usual route, as indeed 


there was no other possible ; up the Mohawk ; over the 
carrying place to Wood's creek, and down that stream ; 
through Oneida Lake and down its outlet to Three River 
Point; up the Seneca to the mouth of Clyde river; up the 
Clyde to Lyons. It was a long and difficult route, and they 
were often delayed by the necessity of cutting their way 
through log-rifts. They located themselves on the present 
Dunn farm, their log-house being erected on the site of the 
present residence. They were the pioneers — the 
FOUNDERS OF WAYNE COUNTY. There is no record of any 
settler who located earlier than they did. At first they had 
no neighbors nearer than Phelps — and not many there. In 
a year or so, they may have counted John Swift, of Pal- 
myra, a neighbor ; and in another year the Long Island 
Colony of East Palmyra. 

In 1797, Mr. Stansell relinquished his claim to this land, 
moved further south and settled on what is now the Jeffer- 
son Sparks' farm. There he built the first framed barn ever 
raised in Lyons. In 1812, he conveyed this land to Abram 
Clark, and moved six miles west into what afterwards 
became the town of Arcadia. He died December 11, 1819, 
greatly beloved and respected. He and his family were early 
identified with the Methodist church in Lyons, and his 
name appears at its first organization as one of the first 
trustees. He is buried in Newark Cemetery 

His children were Betsey, born September 2, 1779 ; John, 
March 29, 1781 ; William, October 19, 1782 ; Nicholas, Sep- 
tember 26, 1784; Henry, May 15, 1786; Isaac, November 
21, 1787; Mary, September 9, 1789; Samuel, December 28, 
1795 ; George, February 13, 1800; and Margaret, June 6, 1803. 

George, the youngest son, lived until the present year. 
He died February 10, 1883, at the residence of his daughter, 
Mrs. Crandall, and was buried on the 13th, his eighty-third 
birthday. The following is an extract from a memorandum 
written by himself in 1880: 

" I was born in the town of Lyons and lived there till 
181 1. Then my father moved to what is now called East 
Newark. Then we went to chopping and clearing up 
another farm. The first year we cleared ten acres and 
sowed it to wheat ; the next year not quite so much. We 



had to build two log-houses. It was all a wilderness then 
where the two villages now stand, except one house, called 
the Jay house. In 1814, we put up a mill-dam and a saw- 
mill on what in those days was called Trout Run. In 18 14, 
my oldest brother and a brother-in-law enlisted into the 
army for a year and went to Black Rock. My brother died 
before his time was out; the other man returned. On the 
first day of November, 1819, I was married, and on the nth 
of December, my father died and left me to paddle my own 
canoe, and I paddled it forty-five years with my companion, 
and brought up a family of ten children, five sons and five 

Of the original family of brothers, William was a mill- 
wright, and settled at Lockville, and died there. John died 
in the army in 18 14. Henry and Isaac settled in Michigan. 
Nicholas, Jr., was killed by accident, while skidding or 
hauling logs. 

Mr. John Featherly, mentioned as settling with Mr. Stan- 
sell, in later years moved to Rose, and obtained a pension as 
already noticed. 


Obadiah Archer, (grandfather of Hon. Ornon Archer,*) was 
born in Hebron, Conn., February 15, 1760; served two 
or three years in the Revolutionary war ; married, in 
1785, Elizabeth Fitch, of Lebanon, Conn., and settled in 
Granville, Washington county ; removed to Marion in 
1835 ; died April 8, 1852, and is buried m the Marion 
Cemetery. The widow lived to be exactly of the same 
age. She was four months his senior, and died four 
months earlier to a' day. 

* The author of this volume was a student at Walworth Academy in the fall 
of 1846, and during the following winter. A lyceum called into debate the 
best talent of the village and vicinity. The "Abolitionists" pressed the 
" Whigs " hard on the inconsistency of supporting the Mexican war, and yet 
denouncing its origin. Rev. Mr. Fox, a sharp logician, denounced the "right- 
or-wrong" theory, one night, with especial vehemence. Id reply, Ornon 
Archer, among other things, said in a low yet clear voice that thrilled the 
audience : 

"I was taught to love my country at the knees of a venerable grandsire who 
told me stories of the Revolution, in which he was a soldier. The lessons then 
acquired linger with me still, and whenever the flag of my coiintry is in danger, 
it shall ever have my unwavering support, no matter how that danger arose." , 


:' I' 
Nathan Rundell, of Marion, now only forty-eight years of 
age, is a son of a Revolutionary soldier, Samuel Run- 
dell, of Fairfield, Conn., who died in Columbia in 1850, 
aged eighty-four. Nathan Rundell is probably the 
youngest man now living in the county who can claim 
to be the son of a Revolutionary soldier. 

Benjamin Smith was a Revolutionary soldier ; came from 
New Jersey and resided in Macedon several years. He 
removed to Michigan about 1835, and died at the great 
age of one hundred and fourteen years. 

From, the Wayne Sentinel. 
Died in Macedon, March 24, 1837, Paul Sheffield, aged 

seventy-five years, a Revolutionary soldier, formerly of 

Groton, Conn. 


John Mack was an early settler in Ontario, grandfather of 
J. B. Mack. He served in the war of the Revolution. 
He came to Ontario from Cayuga county. He died 
June 14, 1852, at the age of ninety-six years, and was 
buried in Ontario Cemetery. He was a native of 
Wawarsing, Ulster county, and removed to Cayuga 
county about 1790; afterwards, in 1824, to Ontario, 
and resided with his son, Benjamin Mack, on the farm 
now occupied by J. B. Mack. 

William Huston was born in Sterling, Connecticut, Decem- 
ber 29, 1756. He joined the Continental army, Decem- 
ber 29, 1776, before Boston, and served nine months, for 
which in his old age he drew a pension of $96 a year. 
He also belonged to the State militia for three years. 
His wife was Elizabeth Campbell, of Sterling, with whom 
he lived nearly seventy years. In 1828, he settled in 
Ontario, a mile and a half south of Lake Side. He 
moved to Henrietta, Monroe county, in 1832, and died 
November 11, 1849, aged ninety-two. His wife died 
sixteen months later, aged ninety-four. 

Willard Church, (already mentioned,) was about seventy 
years of age at the time of his death. He was buried 
m the Willard Davis cemetery. When captured, as 
elsewhere related, and required to pilot the British fleet 
to Pultneyville, it is related that he was very resolute 
and spunky. He told the British officers that we were 
building a gun-boat at Sackett's Harbor, that would 
knock the British vessels into splinters. When set shore 
and ordered not to fight against the British, he told 
them " he would fight as soon as he could get a gun." 



Lemuel Spear, Sr., was a Revolutionary soldier from Cum- 
mington, Mass. With his family he reached Palmyra, 
in February, 1790, and settled a mile above Palmyra 
village, where he had bought land of Isaac Hathaway, 
at twenty cents an acre. 
In Palmyra cemetery are the following inscriptions : 
" In memory of Amos Miner, died November 11, 1836, 
aged 84 years. He was a brave soldier of the Revolution. 
He was at the Battle of Bunker Hill, also at the surrender 
of Burgoyne. He was always at his post, and was one of 
those brave souls that could not be conquered." 

"William Jackway died July 28, 1848, in his 90th year. 
Nancy, his wife, died July 11, 1849, in her 8ist year. They 
participated in Revolutionary scenes and trials." 

" In memory of Capt. John Hurlburt, born in Groton, 
Conn., Feb. 21, 1760, died Jan. 10, 1815. He was a patriot of 
1776, and was engaged at Trenton and Princeton." 

From the Wayne Sentinel. 

" In this village yesterday morning (July 21, 1831,^ died 
the venerable Peleg Holmes, an early settler in this vicinity 
aged seventy -six years. Mr. Holmes was a volunteer in the 
Revolutionary struggle." 

" Died at Palmyra village Aug. i, 1832, Mr. Noadiah Hub- 
bard, a Revolutionary pensioner, aged eighty-two." 

In the list prepared - for the annual use of Garfield Post 
G. A. R. in the ceremonies of decoration there are given 
the following additional names as those of Revolutionary 
soldiers : Moses Powers, John Lillie. 

Lemuel Durfee was born at Tiverton, R. I., April 18, 1759. 
He was the second of a family of twelve children, of 
whom ten settled near Palmyra. He served three 
years in the Revolutionary War, after which he settled 
in Cambridge, Washington county, from which place he 
removed to the vicinity of Palmyra, in 1798, and located 
on a farm about two miles north of Palmyra village, 
where he continued to reside until his death, August 
8, 1829. He was buried in the family burial place on the 
farm now owned by his grandson Henry R. Durfee. 
He had a family of eleven children, of whom one. Par- 
don Durfee, was a captain in the War of 18 12. 
Jeremiah Perry, of East Palmyra was a Revolutionary soldier 
and is buried in the cemetery at East Palmyra. 


From the Palmyra Whig. 

At the residence of his son in this village on Saturday, Dec. 
1, 1838, Deacon Samuel Handy, aged eightv-two years. He 
was a soldier of the Revolution, having enlisted for the war; 
at the close of which and after having served his country 
faithfully seven years he was discharged. 

From the Wayne Sentinel. 

Died at his residence in Manchester, Ontario county, on 
the 17th of January, 1842, Benjamin Throop, Esq., in the 
eighty-eighth year of his age. He was born in Lebanon, Ct., 
where he was married in the month of May precedmg the 
declaration of independence, to Rachel Brown. He subse- 
quently took part in the Revolutionary struggle. 

From the Wayne Sentinel. 

Died in this town Feb. 8, 1842, Shevah Houghton, a Revo- 
lutionary pensioner, in the eighty-eighth year of his age. 

From the Wayne Sentinel. 

Died in Palmyra, August 4, 1843, Mr. Israel Parshall, a 
soldier of the Revolution, aged eighty years. 

From the Wayne Sentinel. 

Died in Westford, Otsego county, on the 18th of Dec. 
1843, James Brumfield, (father of James I. and Andrew D. 
Brumfield, of Palmyra,) aged ninety-four years, a soldier in 
the Revolutionary War. 

From the Wayne Sentinel. 

Died in the town of Shelby, Orleans county, Dec. 18, 
1839, Samuel R. Thompson, formerly a resident of Wayne 
county, in the ninetieth year of his age. Mr. T. was a 
soldier of the Revolution and remained until his death a 
true patriot and worthy citizen. 

From, the Wayne Sentinel. 

Died in this village on the isth of September, 1 841, Mr. 
Joseph McMichael, aged eighty-six years. He was a true 
patriot, having learned his earliest lessons of republicanism 
and love of country from General Washington, with whom 
he served as a waiter in the Revolution. He was subse- 
quently in the employ of Gen. Arnold, was with him before 
the battle of Saratoga, until the consummation of his treason 
having rejected a proffered bribe to desert with him to the 
British fleet. 


General Swift should also be mentioned as a Revolu- 
tionary soldier. His record is given at length in another 

Samuel Clark,* of Long Island, and also a settler at 
Wyoming, had served through two campaigns in the old 
French war of i7s6-'6o. In the Wyoming valley a hasty 
flight was made on horseback, to avoid the Indian massacre. 
Lest in the escape the little ones should be thrown off one 
side or the other, Susan (afterwards Mrs. Luther Sandford,) 
was tied to her brother, Oliver ; Hannah, (afterwards Mrs. 
Gabriel Rogers,) was tied to her brother, Benjamin. The 
family came to East Palmyra m 1803 or 1804. Samuel Clark 
was drowned in the Canal soon after its opening, at Newark. 
He was then a strong, vigorous old man of eighty-six. He 
was buried on the Oliver Clark farm in East Palmyra. 

Jedediah Foster, father of the pioneer Joel Foster, was 
also a soldier of i756-'6o. He died in East Palmyra at the 
age of ninety-six, about 1832 or 1833. He was buried in 
East Palmyr_a Cemetery. 

James Reeves, who died May 19, 1838, aged seventy-seven 
years, had served in the Revolutionary war on bpard a 
vessel bearing letters of' Marque. He was bom at South- 
ampton, Long Island, October 13, 1762. His father was Dr. 
Stephen Reeves. The maiden name of his mother was Mary 
Howell. Long Island, or a large part of it, was under the 
control of the British during several years of the Revolu- 
tionary war. A letter written about that time says : 

" The people are as a torch on fire at both ends. The 
Connecticut Whigs carry off their stock and produce, and 
the British punish them for letting them go." 

He served on the ocean against the enemy, as shown in 
the following extracts from a diary kept by him : 

" I felt myself a man and a good navigator, and with my 

* The colony that settled East Palmyra has a history that ought to be writ- 
ten before the children of the pioneers have passed away. The personal history 
of the Colonists — their adventures on Long Island and at Wyoming ; their 
long voyage to Palmyra ; their settlement in the Ganargua valley and the social 
and religious institutions which they founded, would constitute chapters of 
intense interest. James Reeves, of East Palmyra, is in possession of the 
original memorandum of purchase. It bears the signatures of William Hop- 
kins, EUas Reeves, Joel Foster, Abraham Foster, Luther Sanford. 


father's consent, I left home. My elder brother, Stephen, 
was in the battle of Long Island, and at that time a soldier. 
I left Long Island in a small open boat in the fall of 1782, in 
the evening, in company with James Sawyer, two years my 
senior, for New London, Conn., thirty miles across the 
Sound, taking the North Star for a guide." 

He gave the British fleet at the north of Fisher's Island, 
the slip, though they fired a few distant shots at the little 

" We arrived the day after Arnold left with his fleet. The 
ruins of the city of New London were still smoking." 

He shortly reached Nantucket and shipped on a privateer, 
the brig Digby, at seven dollars a month, and a small share 
of the prize money. The vessel carried six guns, nine 
pound calibre, a good supply of small arms, a crew of forty- 
six men, and a cargo of salt beef, corn, beans, etc. Their 
destination was the port of Havana, Cuba. 

" Eight days out, we discovered a vessel on our larboard 
side bearing down upon us under British colors; from Ber- 
muda, carrying nine guns, and having the wind in her favor. 
She gained rapidly upon us and fired a shot across our bow. 
We hove to, got in readiness, and answered her with a 
broadside. The battle continued over an hour, when they 
hoisted sail and drew off. We did the same ; our loss four 
men killed and nine wounded." 

Soon after they were in the friendly port of Havana, un- 
loading the vessel, making repairs and getting ready for 
sea, protected by the Moro Castle. 

England being then at war with Spain, Havana was 
blockaded by a fleet consisting of one fifty gun ship, one 
frigate, twent}'^ guns, and two sloops of war. The fleet lay 
on and off, convoying merchant vessels from the Bermuda 
Islands, and sending their prizes which thev captured. 

" In July our repairs were completed. On the i8th, we 
sailed in a north-east direction, to get into the track of the 
Bermuda fleet, which convoyed heavy loaded merchant 
vessels that often fell behind and might thus be captured by a 
privateer. We followed in the wake of the fleet four days, 
when one of the frigates dropped astern and we did the 
same. We considered our situation critical and hazardous. 
Night coming on, we changed our course more to the south 
in hopes of making a prize of an East India ship, but found 
none. We then took a westerly course toward the con- 


tinent. When about twenty miles from shore, we were 
hotly chased by a British armed vessel. Our Captain said ; 
' Boys, she carries too heavy metal for us, head for the 
shore ; she will require more depth of water than we.* Our 
vessel grounded, (the order being given to put the helm 
hard a starboard) ; we secured a level position. The British 
vessel also grounded and careened over. The action lasted 
twenty minutes, we firing at the side of their vessel, they 
firing over our heads and into our sails. When the British 
colors came down, their Captain hailed us, asking for our 
boat. The reply was, 'use your own boat.' They answered 
that their boat was shot away, and they were in a sinking 
condition. We manned a boat and sent it to them. Our 
shot had riddled the side of their vessel. 

" Her crew consisted of ninety men and fifty-two Ameri- 
can prisoners. Our men took command. In the middle of 
the night, I was landed on the beach in charge of the money, 
twenty small leather bags, containing 8,900 Spanish 
milled dollars ; one man was with me. In the morning a 
company of militia came, led by the noise of the action. We 
were at Cape Hatteras. The British prisoners were taken 
to Northampton Jail, the Americans were released. 

" In a day or two a severe storm broke both vessels to 
pieces. This was in November, 1783. Here ended a cruise 
of thirteen months. If not so brilliant as some, it was 
attended with constant danger. At twenty-one years of age, 
I possessed a roving spirit of adventure, a love for the sea 
and an eagerness to redress the wrongs of my country. 
From the time I left Long Island until I was wrecked on 
the coast of Virginia, there was continual danger of losing 
my life or of being captured." 

James Reeves died in East Palmyra, and was buried on 
the old Reeves homestead. 


Thaddeus Collins went into the American army during the 
Revolutionary war, at the age of sixteen, from Long 
Meadow, Mass., or Brimfield, and served three years. 
He afterwards settled in Rose Valley. In the War of 
1812, he, with others, went to Sodus Point to assist in 
the defence of that place. He died at Rose, September 
4, 1828, aged sixty-six years. Mr. Collins was an early 
resident of Phelps, having probably settled there about 
1798, and came to Rose in 1812 or''i3. 

Ezekiel Pratt was a Revolutionary soldier of this town. 


Joel Bishop. — He was born in Connecticut, October 2, 1759; 
enlisted in the Revolutionary army at the age of seven- 
teen, and served nearly seven years. He was taken 
prisoner and confined in New York City several months, 
where he suffered severely, being so nearly starved to 
death that he ate scraps of leather, pieces of old shoes. 
He was in several battles, and in one of them seven bul- 
lets passed through his clothing ; in another, a charge 
of buckshot went through his cap, cutting off a portion 
of his hair close as if shaved with a razor. In 1784, he 
married Phoebe Avery, and in the winter of 181 1-12, 
settled just south of the present village of North Rose. 
His grandson, Chauncey E. Bishop, now lives in a new 
house on the identical site of the original log house. 
In 1B37, he removed to Havana, Huron county, 
Ohio, where he died April 17, 1839. His family con- 
sisted of four sons and nine daughters, all of whom grew 
to adult age, married and raised families. The mother 
of Hon. Jackson Valentine was one of the daughters. 
Another of his daughters taught the first school in Rose. 
He was five feet nine inches in height, and weighed 
one hundred and fifty-two pounds. He was a man of 
high honor, great activity, energy, personal courage 
and benevolence.* 

John Sherman. — Private in the Revolutionary army. His 
widow, Chloe Sherman, drew a pension of $48 a year, 
commencing March 4, 1848. Widow had resided in 
Rose thirty-eight years in 1849. John Sherman died 
November 28, 1832, aged seventy-eight years. 

John Rose, who died in the town of Rose, July 3, 1863, 
at the advanced age of one hundred and three years, 
was not (as some have supposed) one of the pioneers 
of Wayne county, nor was he related to the family 
from which the town of Rose took its name. He was, 
however, a Revolutionary soldier, and had been for 
more than eighty years a professed Christian. He 
retained his faculties unimpaired to the close of his 
long life. 


Richard Damewood, of Savannah, was a soldier of the Revo- 
lution, and died at Montezuma. 

Samuel Thompson, was a soldier of the Revolution, and died 
in Savannah. 

*H. H. Wheeler furnishes another notice of Mr. Bishop. (See Butler.) 



Obadiah Johnson was a Revolutionary soldier. He was born 
in New Marlboro, and had twelve children, of whom 
William, deceased a few years since in the eastern part 
of Sodus, was the youngest, born in 1799. Mrs. Phoebe 
Johnson, widow of William, and still living at an 
advanced age, states that Obadiah Johnson came to 
Sodus at the time local history reports his son, Mark 
Johnson, to have settled at " Johnson's Corners." He is 
buried somewhere on the old Johnson farm, possibly in 
the dilapidated burial place at the Whitbeck school- 
house. Of his Revolutionary service, we have but little 
account. It is current tradition in the family that he 
was in the battles of Monmouth and Brandywine. He 
was in the battle at Sodus Point on the night of June 
12, 1813, and died not long after that. 

Joshua Danford came from New Hampshire in early life to 
Rensselaer county, near Troy. He was a soldier in the 
War of the Revolution, and received his pay in Conti- 
nental currency, which was so nearly worthless that a 
hundred dollars would scarcely buy a pair of boots. 
He settled in Sodus in the spring of 18 10, on the place 
afterwards known for many years as the Danford farm. 
He died February 22, 181 5, and is buried in the Bush- 
nell burying-ground. 

Joseph Green was twenty-one years old when the Revolu- 
tionary war broke out. He was one of the forty men 
who marched to the Plymouth County Court House 
and compelled the Royal Court to disperse. He served 
through the war, was in several prominent battles, and 
was present at the surrender of Cornwallis. Joseph 
Green settled in East Windsor, Mass., afterwards moved 
to Williamstown to educate his children. He passed 
his last years in Sodus with his son, Hon. Byram Green, 
and died June 12, 1835, aged eighty-one. He was 
buried in the old village cemetery. Though entitled 
to a pension under the law of i830-'3i, he declined to 
apply. He was a Captain in the army, and served 
under General Stark. 

John Norris enlisted in the Revolutionary army on the day 
that he became twenty-one, in the year 1 776. He served 
through the war; was present at the battle of Mon- 
mouth. He died January 31, 1846, aged ninety-one 
years, lacking three days, and his grave is in Sodus 
R.ural Cemetery. 


Lemuel Higgins, father of Mrs. Byram Green, was also a 
Revolutionarj' soldier during the latter years of the 
war, and was a prisoner for some months. He died 
November 2, 1824, aged fifty-nine, and was buried in 
the old village cemetery. 

Elder Seba Norton, the pioneer Baptist minister, was a soldier 
of the Revolution. He settled in Sodus about 1803. 
He was married in 1778, when a little over eighteen. 
When he decided to join the army, his wife and mother 
and sisters caught a black sheep and a white one, and 
sheared some wool from both. They sat up all night, 
carded, spun and knit for him two long pairs of stock- 
ings, in time for him to start at noon the next day. He 
was present at Valley Forge, in the noted winter en- 
campment, when men marked their way over the frozen 
ground with blood from their bare feet. In 1812, the 
old soldiers of Sodus and vicinity formed a company 
known as Silver Grays. At their meeting to elect their 
officers. Elder Norton was chosen Captain. Mr. Nichols, 
of Williamson, though a Major in the Revolution, when 
chosen . Corporal, stepped out briskly, saying, " I con- 
sider it an honor to serve under Captain Norton." 
Captain Norton was at the Point at the battle in 181 3, 
and having command at first, divided the men into 
squads of ten each, placed them in different ambuscades, 
pointing out the way to retreat if assailed. When 
Captain Hall took command, he changed the plan and 
formed them in one company, marching abreast in a 
single line. August 9, 1835, Elder Norton died, and 
was buried in the Brick Church Cemetery. 

Simeon Kent, who came from Long Island to East Palmyra 
in early times, was a soldier of the Revolution. Owing 
to the loss of necessary papers he failed to secure a pen- 
sion ; but he was in the Continental army during nearly 
the whole of the war. In 1812 he was called out and 
served at Sodus Point and probably at Pultneyville. 
His family have often heard Mr. Kent in his old age talk 
over with Andries Onderdonk their adventures together 
at Sodus Point and up the lake shore to Pultneyville. 
Mr. Kent was the father of Mrs. Stephen Hopkins, of 
Sodus, and died at their house on the Shaker tract at 
the age of eighty-nine, and was buried in the Rural 
Cemetery at Sodus village. 

Asa Hewitt, (grandfather of Spencer Hewitt,) was in the 
Revolutionary army as a musician blowing a fife for 
five years. He died in Sodus and is buried in the 
Bushnell burial ground. 


Jonathan demons (great grandfather of Fred. W. demons, of 
the Palmyra Courier^ was born in Rutland, Worcester 
county, Massachusetts, in 1754. Died in Sodus, April 18, 
1 841, aged eighty -seven years. He was the son of 
Edward demons, who was also a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. Jonathan demons, the year before his death, 
walked to Geneva and back to Sodus upon a visit to his 
relatives in the former place. His discharge, signed by 
General Washington, is in possession of Fred. W. 
demons. The latter also has the commission given to 
his grandfather, John Temple demons, February 17, 
1820, by Governor DeWitt dinton as First Lieutenant 
in a company of the Eighteenth New YorkArtillery. 

Colonel Peregrine Fitzhugh. — He entered the Revolutionary 
army as Lieutenant of the Third Regiment of Dragoons 
of the Virginia Continental line, and was soon after pro- 
moted to Captain. Two years prior to the close of the 
war he was appointed Aid-de-Camp to the Commander- 
in-Chief, General Washington, and served in that capac- 
ity until the declaration of peace. Colonel Fitzhugh 
was from a distinguished family. His father held a 
commission in the British army, and rather than fight 
against the colonies resigned his place. Colonel Pere- 
grine Fitzhugh settled at Hagerstown, Maryland, at the 
close of the war. He came to Geneva in 1799, and 
resided there three years, improving the lands purchased 
some time before at Sodus Point. He removed to the 
Point in 1803, his homestead being on the beautiful and 
commanding height opposite the Point to the south, now 
occupied by William E. Sill. He died in the midst of 
his enterprises October 23, 18 10, and his grave is in the 
old burial ground on the banks of the lake. His widow, 
who was a daughter of Samuel Lloyd Chew, of Ann 
Arundel, Maryland, survived him forty-four years and 
died at the age of eighty-nine, June 4, 1854. Colonel 
Fitzhugh, holding an intimate personal relation with 
General Washington, had among his papers several auto- 
graph letters from him and many important memoranda. 
It is a matter of regret that these were lost, together 
with other papers of Colonel Fitzhugh, his commissions, 
his swords and his uniform by the nre which destroyed 
the dwelling of Mrs. Fitzhugh at Sodus Point in the 
year 1846. 

Philip Demurest, was a Revolutionary soldier. He lived on 
the place now owned by Richard Milner. He died 
April 18, 1845, aged eighty-four years; and was buried 
in the old grave yard at Sodus village. 


Robert McCollum was a soldier of the Revolution, and was 
buried in the Brick church cemetery. 

Amos Gilbert was the father of the Deacon John Gilbert 
whose death at the advanced age of ninety-three, occur- 
red at Lyons last year (1882.) Amos Gilbert was a 
Revolutionary soldier as stated by those who knew him 
well after his settlement in Sodus. He was buried in 
the Brick church cemetery, though the site of the grave 
is not now determined. (See a notice by his grandson, 
Dr. Gilbert, under head of Lyons.) 

Matthew Clark, who settled near the present site of the brick 
meeting-house, was a Revolutionary soldier. Mrs. 
Phoebe Johnson states that she has often heard Mr. 
Clark talk over his revolutionary exploits with William 
Johnson, Amos Gilbert and others. Matthew Clark is 
buried in the Brick church burial ground, but the place 
can hardly be identified. He was in Sodus as early as 
1803, for a letter was advertised for him that year at 
the Canandaigua post-office. He was one of the founders 
of the Presbyterian church of Lyons, and subsequently 
of Sodus. 

Samuel Blair was a Revolutionary soldier. He probably 
belonged to the Massachusetts line in the Continental 
army. He came to Sodus at an early day and was for 
many years a well known citizen of the eastern part of 
the town. He died in 1828, and is buried in the Brick 
church cemetery.* 

The Rev. William Stone died in Sodus, March 20, 1840, 
aged nearly eighty-one years. He was a native of Guilford, 
Conn., great-great-grand son of Gov. William Leete, of Col- 
onial days, and his father a great grand-son of Rev. Samuel 
Stone, founder of Hartford. He served as a private in the 
Revolutionary war, and in the battles of Brandywine, Mon- 
mouth and others. At Brandywine, he stood near General 
Nash when that fire-eater fell. He was a thorough Greek 
and Hebrew scholar, and had such a fondness for books that 
the late Gen. Wilcox, of Killingworth, Conn., says he always 
would remember him, as he carried the works of Josephus 
in his knapsack. Entering the Congregational miijistry, he 
was stationed at Claremont, N. H. From the east he per- 

* Adrastus Snedaker, of Clyde, has a Revolutionary relic in his possession, 
viz : a chain used by' his grandfather, Samuel Blair, before, during and after 
the Revolutionary war. The age of this chain must be very nearly if not quite 
one hundred years. 


formed a voluntary mission through all the original States, 
save Rhode Island, into Florida, spending one-and-a-half 
years in the two Carolinas. Whilst South, he encountered 
several thrilling adventures. At one time chased by robbers, 
at another by panthers. Returning north he preached in 
New Paltz, Ulster county, N. Y., then at Jericho, (now 
Bainbridge.) Afterwards was settled in Burlington, Otsego 
county, a fellow laborer of his kinsman, the Rev. Daniel 
Nash. In 1807, he moved to Redfield, (now Oswego county,) 
and preaching there several years, returned to Burlington, 
and in 181 7, removed to the town of Junius, Seneca county, 
and from thence to Sodus, in 1 818. In that and the follow- 
ing year, he was in the employ of the Albany Missionary 
Society, in the Western counties of New York, bordering 
upon Pennsylvania, and by the Young Men's Missionary 
Society of New York, in i820-'2i. Suffering from an acci- 
dent from the falling of a tree, he was unable to continue his 
ministerial labors during the last eighteen years of his life. 
Saj's a writer who knew him well: " During all the changes 
of his location, and the other vicissitudes of his life, there are 
two objects he never forgot, — His God, and the Classics." 

Down till within a few months of his death, he daily studied 
the scriptures in the originals. His body lies sleeping in the 
old village cemetery at Sodus, in the joyful hope of a glori- 
ous resurrection. 


John Barber is mentioned as a Revolutionary soldier. He 
was born in Pelham, Mass., came to Walworth in 1804; 
removed to Lyons, his son John Barber Jr., being then 
County Clerk. John Barber, Sen., died June 24, 1840, 
at Adrian, Michigan, and is buried in Lyons. He 
was in several hard fought battles, and was taken pris- 
oner at White Plains. 


Andrew Stewart served in Continental army while living in 
Massachusetts, settled in Williamson ; died in 18 18, aged 
ninety-two ; buried in Pultney ville cemetery. 

From the Wayne Sentinel. 

Died in Williamson on Monday, May 18, 1828, Mr. Azariah 
Chappell, a soldier of the Revolution, aged seventy-six ; and 
near the same time his wife, Jerusha, died, aged seventy-one. 


Adam Tincklepaugh,\f)\o settled in Williamson, near the pres- 
ent place of Reuben Nash, in 1810, was a soldier of the 
Revolution. He was at Pultneyville in the war of 1812. 
He died about the year 1829, and is buried in the Will- 
iamson cemetery. 

Chester Button of Concordia, Kansas, sends the following 

memorandum : 

"Lambert Woodruff, son of Capt. John and Hannah (Lam- 
" bert) Woodruff, was born in Connecticut in that part of 
"the town of Waterbury which is now Watertown, in 
" 1763. While yet a mere boy, he was with Washington 
" in the winter encampment of Valley Forge. His father, 
"Capt. John Woodruff, was at the same time in command 
" of a company on the Hudson, and his three older broth- 
" ers were also in the service and meanwhile the Captain's 
" wife, with her youngest boy and a hired man, was gath- 
" ering the corn, at home, out of the snow. Capt. John 
" Woodruff was great-grand-father to my Brother, Will- 
" jam, and myself, and also to both of our wives. Prob- 
" ably few men of military age went through that seven 
" years of war without some taste of service. Three 
" great-grand-fathers of William and myself were Captains 
" in command, viz : Thomas Button, John Woodruff and 
" Stephen Matthews, all of Watertown. Our other great 
" grand-father,Bavid Punderson of New Haven was dead, 
" but his son-in-law, Capt. Joseph Mansfield, raised and 
" commanded a company. Our grand-fathers, Thomas 
" Button and Phineas Matthews, served at the age of six- 
" teen, in their fathers' companies. Previous to the war 
"of 1 8 12, Lambert Woodruff settled in Wolcott. His 
" deeds bear date March 9th, 181 1. > The purchase, how-' 
" ever, had been made several years before. I do not lay 
" my hand on the contract, just at present, but about 1 807, 
" Uncle Lambert distributed these lots among his sons 
" and daughters, reserving to himself lot 380, upon which 
" he erected the buildings which were occupied by my 
" famiily until our removal west. He died there in the 
"summer of 1843, ^rid was buried in the "Old Burying 
" Ground" on the west side of the creek, below the mills. ' 

Jonathan Mehin, who resided in Wolcott for a time and 
built the first mill was a soldier of the Revolutionary 
war. He removed back to Phelps and died at the resi- 
dence of his son on Melvin Hill. 
Thomas Hale, a soldier of the Revolution came to Huron in 
1812 and settled on what is known as the old Benjamin 
farm. Buried in Huron cemetery. 


John David Arm was a soldier of the Revolution. His 
history is a romantic one. He was a German, a native 
of the province of Hesse Cassel. As a boy of sixteen 
he was induced to enlist by a cousin older than he, an 
officer in the Hessian Contingent furnished to King 
George for service against the Colonies. In this country 
he became interested in the cause of the Colonies and 
finally deserted and joined the Union Army. But little 
is known of his service. He passed his last years with 
his son, Dr. David Arne, of Wolcott, and is buried in the 
Butler Cemetery. 


This name is applied in common usage to the tracts of 
land given to officers and men who served in the Revolu- 
tionary army from the State of New York. 

The Continental Congress, under date of September i6, 
1776, resolved to raise eighty-eight Battalions of troops, and 
of these four were assigned as the quota of the Province of 
New York. A bounty of twenty dollars was offered in cash 
and also a bounty in land, as follows : 

To a Colonel, 500 acres. 

" Lieutenant-Colonel, 450 " 

" Major, 400 

" Captain, 300 " 

" Lieutenant, 200 " 

" Ensign, 150 " 

" Non-commissioned officer 

and soldier, each, 100 " 

After the close of the war, and under date of March 27, 
1788, the Legislature of the State of New York assumed the 
fulfillment of this promise of Congress, and added to the 
bounty to be granted as follows : 
To a Major-General, 
" Brigadier-General, 
" Colonel, 

" Lieutenant-Colonel, 
" Major, 
" Captain, 

" Regimental Surgeon, 
" Chaplain, 
Every Subaltern and Sur- 
geon's mate, 1,000 
Non-Commissioned officers 
and privates, each, 500 











The Legislature provided that for this purpose townships 
should be laid out to be divided into pne hundred lots of six 
hundred acres each. One half of each lot drawn by a 
soldier was to be improved at the rate of five acres for every 
hundred within a term of five years, if such lots are sold by 
the original grantee ; or within ten years if retained by him. 
These townships were to be located upon the territory 
reserved by the act of the Legislature passed July 25, 1782. 
It was several years before the plan was fully executed 
and various acts of the Legislature became necessary, to 
locate the lands, authorize a balloting and guard the same 
from unauthorized claimants. 

The Commissioners of the Land Office were vested with 
the requisite authority for the distribution of the lands, and 
under date of April 22, 1789, they passed a resolution 
directing the Surveyor-General to lay out twenty-five town- 
ships. This was done during that year, and at a meeting of 
the Land Commissioners held in New York, July 3, 1790, a 
report of the survey was made. Classical names were 
given to these townships, which have since become the 
names of organized towns. They were as follows : 
No. I — Lysander, No. 14 — Tully, 
" 2 — Hannibal, " 15— Fabius, 

3— Cato, " 16— Ovid, 

4— Brutus, " 17— Milton, 

" 5 — Camillus, " 18 — Locke, 

" 6 — Cicero " 19 — Homer, 

" 7 — Manlius, " 20 — Solon, 

" 8 — Aurelius, " 21 — Hector, 

" 9— Marcellus, " 22 — Ulysses, 

" 10 — Pompey, " 23 — Dryden, 

" II — Romulus, " 24 — Virgil, 

" 12 — Scipio, " 25 — Cincinnatus. 

" 13 — Sempronius, 

The Board proceeded to determine what persons were en. 
titled to share in this bounty, and appointed Lewi^ A. Scott 
and Robert Harper, to draw the tickets from the respective 
boxes. It was found that some of the lands thus drawn 
were the same as had already been granted to Massachusetts, 
or to Phelps and Gorham, holding title from that State. The 
military lands were all east of the Pre-emption line that 



bounded the Massachusetts tract, but in compensating 
Messrs. Phelps and Gorham, or their successors, for lands 
lost by the error of the first Pre-emption line, they had re- 
ceived several grants upon these same military lands further 
east. To avoid this conflict, the Land Commissioners 
directed the Surveyor-General to lay out three pore town- 
ships. It was also necessary to supply claimants who had 
not proved their claims at the first drawing. These three 
were : No. 26, Junius ; No. 27, Galen ; No. 28, Sterling. 

The report in relation to Junius was adopted by the Land 
Board, January 29, 1791 ; in relation to Galen, August 10, 
1792 ; in relation to number 28, September ii,' 1794, and the 
name Sterling voted January 16, 1795. 

The Continental offer to a private which the State 
assumed, was one hundred acres, and that of the State five 
hundred acres — total, six hundred. In some cases an assign- 
ment of the Continental bounty to the one drawing, had not 
been obtained, and the claimant received only five hundred 

In preparation for the drawings the Board had employed 
Michael Connelly to make a complete roster of the soldiers 
from New York ; a very interesting document preserved in 
the office of the Secretary of State, and printed copies of 
which were made in 1825. 

Many soldiers whose bounty land was given by these acts, 
had died in the service or after the close of the war prior 
to the distribution of the land. The patents in such cases 
were delivered to their heirs, or to attorneys or assignees. 

Township number 27 was set apart especially for surgeons, 
hospital stewards and others connected with the medical 
staff of the army ; hence the name of Galen was exceedingly 

The balloting for the township of Galen resulted as 
follows : 


600 Lot No. I to John Coventry, Hospital mate. 

300 " " 2 " Stephen McCrea, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 3 " John Young, Surgeon's mate. 

500 " " 4 " Thomas Lyon, Lieutenant. 

600 " " 5 " Isaac Ledyard, Physician and Surgeon. 



600 Lot No. 6 to William Pitt Smith, Surgeon's mate. 

500 " " 7 " Capt. Edward Lounsbury. 

500 " " 8 " Daniel McLean. 

600 " " 9 " John Cochran, Director of Hospital. 

500 " " 10 " Samuel Woodruff, Surgeon's mate. 

600 " "II " Samuel Stringer, Director-General. 

600 " ", 12 " 

500 " "13 " Cornelius Oknoyata, Lieut. Independent. 

600 " " 14 " Isaac Ledyard, Physician and Surgeon. 

" " 15 " John»Winn, (unpatented) 

600 " " 16 '• Dirck Vanlngen, Physician and Surgeon. 

500 " " 17 " Perius Dem.mick, 

600 " " 18 " Stephen McCrea, Physician and Surgeon. 

500 " " 19 " John Smedis, Surgeon's mate. 

" " 20 " Samuel Stringer, Director-General. 

500 " "21 " Matthew Potan, Ensign. 

600 " " 22 " Henry Moore, Surgeon's mate. 

500 " " 23 " Samuel Woodruff, Surgeons' mate. 

600 " " 24 " Dirck Vanlngen, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 25 " John Ball, Lieut. 

600 " " 26 " Samuel Stringer, Director-General. 

500 " " 27 " Thomas Lyon, Lieutenant. 

600 " " 28 " Joseph Young, Physician and Surgeon. 

500 " " 29 " John Rice. 

600 " " 30 " John Cochran, Director-General. 

500 " "31 " John Smedis, Surgeon's mate. 

600 " " 32 " Isaac Ledyard, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 33 " Reserved for Literature. 

500 " " 34 " Peter Blossom. 

600 " "35 " Isaac Ledyard, Physician and Surgeon. 

500 " " 36 " William Saxbury. 

600 " " 37 " Joseph Young, Physician and Surgeon, 

^o " " 38 " Samuel Stringer, Director General. 

500 " " 39 " James Joyce. 

600 " " 40 " Samuel Stringer, Director-General. 

600 " " 41 " 

^00 " " 42 " John VanDyck.Lieutenant. 

600 " " 43 " John Coventry, Hospital mate. 

500 " '■ 44 " Samuel Woodruff, Surgeon's mate. 

600 " " 45 " Reserved for Gospel and schools. 

600 '• " 46 " Stephen McCrea, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 47 " " " '' 

600 " " 48 " William Pitt Smith, Surgeon s mate. 

600 " " 49 " John Cochran, Director-General. 

600 " " 50 " Reserved for Gospel and schools. 

500 " "51 " Matthew Potan, Ensign. 

600 " " 52 " Stephen Saddore. 


500 Lot No. 53 to J. Cochran, Director-General of Hospital. 

600 " " 54 " Stephen McCrea, Physician and Surgeon. 

300 " "55 " John Young, Surgeon's mate. 

500 " " 56 " John VanHuysen-i 

600 " " 57 " Drick Vanlngen, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 58 " Henry Moore, Surgeon's mate. 

600 " " 59 " 

500 " " 60 " John Sraedis, Surgeon s mate. 

500 " " 61 " Captain Edward Lounsberry. 

600 " " 62 " William Copelan(J. 

600 " " 63 " John Cochran, Director-General. 

600 " " 64 " Reserved for Gospel and Schools. 

600 " " 65 " 

600 " " 66 " John Young, Surgeon's mate. 

500 " " 67 " Michael Bason. 

600 " " 68 " Reserved for Gospel and Schools. 

600 " " 69 " John Cochran, Djrcctor-General. 

450 " " 70 " Joseph Young, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 71 " William Pitt Smith, Surgeon's mate. 

600 " " 72 " John Cochran, Director General. 

600 " " 73 " Abraham Lambert. 

500 " " 74 " Captain Edward Lounsberry. 

500 " " 75 " Micajah Sherwood. 

600 " " 76 " John Cochran, Director-General. 

450 " " ^^ " Drick Vanlngen, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 78 " Chas. McKnight, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 79 " 

600 " " 80 " Malachi Treat, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " "81 " John Ball, Lieutenant. 

500 " " 82 " Nathaniel Jervis. 

600 " " 83 " John VanDyck, Lieutenant. 

600 " " 84 " John Coventry, Hospital mate. 

500 " " 85 " Nicholas Plugh. 

600 '• " 86 " Christian House. 

600 " " 87 " Joseph Young, Physician and Surgeon. 

500 " " 88 " Thaddeus Smith. 

600 " " 89 " Malachi Treat, Physician and Surgeon. 

300 " " 90 " John Cochran, Director-General, &c. 

600 " " 91 " Malachi Treat, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 92 " Chas. McKnight, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 93 " " " " " 

500 " " 94 " Cornelius Oknoyata, Lieutenant Ind. 

600 " " 95 " Jacob House. 

300 " " 96 " Malachi Treat, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 97 " " " " " 

300 " " 98 " Chas. McKnight, Physician and Surgeon. 

600 " " 99 " John Chace. 

600 " " 100 " Samuel Stringer, Director-General, &c. 


In the cases where a claimant received a Patent for less 
than six hundred acres, as above shown, there were left un- 
divided portions of lots, the title to which remained in the 
State of New York until subsequently sold. 

The Patents for the above lands were delivered as follows, 
according to the record in the office of the Secretary of 
State : 

For John Coventry, 1200 acres to himself. 

" Stephen McCrea, 2700 acres to himself. 

" John Young, 1 500 acres to Joseph Young. 

" Thomas Lyon, 1000 acres to Gen. John Williams for 
L. Lyon. 

" Isaac Ledyard, 2400 acres to himself. 

" Wm, Pitt Smith, 1800 acres to himself. 

" Capt. Edward Lounsberry, 1500 acres to Michael 
Connolly for said Lounsberry. 

" Daniel McLean, 500 acres to John McLean. 

" John Cochran, 5100 acres to himself. 

" Samuel Woodruff 1500 acres to John M. Watson. 

" Samuel Stringer, 3650 acres to Hugh Boyd. 

" Cornelius Oknoyata, 1000 acres to Michael Connolly 
for C. A. D. VanSlyck. 

" John Winn, 600 acres, unpatented. 

•' Dirck Vanlngen, 2250 acres to himself. 

" Perius Demmick, 500 acres to Benjamin Pelton ad- 

" John Smedis, 1 500 acres to Archibald Currie. 

" Matthew Potan, 1000 acres to himself. 

" Henry Moore, 1800 acres to James H. Kipp. 

" John Ball, 1200 acres to Flamen Ball. 

" Joseph Young, 2250 acres to himself. 

" John Rice, 500 acres to Simon Veeder. 

" Peter Blossom, 509 acres to Daniel Pelton. 

" WiUiam Saxbury, 500 acres to Michael Connolly. 

" James Joyce,5oo acres to Thomas Nickerson, admin- 

" John VanDyck, 1200 acres to himself. 

" Stephen Saddore, 500 acres to Josiah Masters. 

" John VanHuysen, 500 acres to Peter Christie for 
Hermanus VanHuysen. 

" William Copeland^ 600 acres to Michael Connolly. 

" Michael Bason, 500 acres to Andrew Billings. 

" Abraham Lambert, 600 acres to Wm.J.Vredenburgh. 

" Micajah Sherwood, 500 acres to Elijah Hunter ad- 


For Charles McKnight, 1500 acres to his widow. 
" Malachi Treat, 1 500 acres to Anthony Lamb. 
" Nathaniel Jarvis, 500 acres to his widow. 
" Nicholas Plugh,5oo acres to John Dill, Atty. for Ten- 
nis Dill, administrator. 
•' Christian House, 600 acres to Michael Connolly. 
" Thaddeus Smith, 500 acres to Daniel Delavan. 
" Jacob House, 600 acres to Michael Connolly. 
" John Chase, 600 acres to Zephanich Piatt's order. 

Of these men only a small number actually came to this 
section and settled here. 

Hugh Boyd received the Patents for lands drawn by 
Samuel Stringer; 3,650 acres on Lots No. it, 12, 20, 26, 38, 
40, 41 and 100. He is understood to have settled here. 

John Van Dyck received the Patents for the lands which 
he drew, consisting of Lots 83 and 42, on which he is thought 
to have settled. 

William J. Fredenburgh is also thought to have settled 
on the land for which he received the Patent originally 
granted to Abraham Lambert, Lot No. 73, and to have been 
about the first settler north of the creek in the present town 
of Savannah. 

The name Stephen Saddore was undoubtedly the family 
name still existing in this section. Hon. H. H. Wheeler 
mentions Peter Mills and William Moulton as having drawn 
bounty lands. 

The military township of Sterling was also located partly 
within the present county of Wayne. Its western boundary 
was a north and south line passing half a mile or more east 
of the present village of Wolcott ; therefore all the territory 
east of that line in the towns of Wolcott and Butler belonged 
to the millitary township of Sterling. 

For convenience of reference to those living upon that 
tract and along the border of Cayuga county, we give the 
drawing of the entire township, including, of course, con- 
siderable territory east of Wayne county. 

In the case of this township, we give only the drawing — 
and do not add a list of those to whom the Patents were 
delivered — partly because quite a portion of the township 
lies beyond the line of Wayne county, and partly from the 


fact that the connection between the drawing and the 
delivery of deeds seems to be more obscure and not as easily 
traced as in the case of Galen. 

A copy of the balloting book is kept in the County Clerk's 
office at Lyons, and therefore easily accessible : 



Christian Tappenwine. 
Samuel Coolev. 

Elizabeth Hamilton, Southeast corner. 
Gershom Corwin. 
Samuel Cooley. 
Joseph Eadle. 
John Olmstead. 
Joseph Eadle. 

Heirs of Jacobus Van Orsdell, West side. 
Thomas Macdonough, East side. 
Jacob V. Egberts, Captain. 
John Wood. 

Thomas Mumford, Southeast corner. 
Lewis Dubois. 

Thomas Macdonough, Southeast corner. 
Samuel Brown, West side. 
Thomas Mumford. 
Lewis Dubois, Colonel. 
Thomas Mumford, Southeast corner. 
John Cooper. 
James Duggan. 

James M'Call, Southeast corner. 
Lewis Dubois, Colonel. 
Thomas Mumford. 
Thomas Hattes, etc. 

Mary Southwick, (heirs of J. Wool,) South- 
east corner. 
John Pettit, West side. 
Eli Lyon, middle. 
William HoUett, East side. 
Reserved for Gospel, &c. 
Henry TenEyck, Captain. 
Thomas Macdonough, Southeast corner. 
James Bynders. 

Thomas Macdonough, Southeast corner. 
Charity Wright and Anthony Barton. 
Elizabeth Hamilton, South part. 
John Harper. 
















6 600 













































David Hill and S. SayrCj as (trustees of E. 

John Winn, North side. 

Archibald McKinley. middle. 

Heirs of Henry Dubois, East side. 

John White and others, (heirs of Samuel 
White,) West side. 

Phineas Weed, middle. 

James Wasson, South side. 

Elizabeth Hamilton. 

Adam Coppernoll. 

Janet McFarland and others. 

John Cooper, Northwest corner. 

Samuel Crawford. 

Lewis Dubois, Colonel 

Stephen AlHng, West side. 

Edward Conkling, middle. 

Daniel Reed, East side. 

David Bates. 

Giles Wolcott, Southeast corner. 

Appropriated for roads (sold to T. and J. 

William Feagan. 

C. M'Veah and N. Conner, (heirs of J. Gil- 

Christian Hartwick. 

John Dusinberre. 
22-rinr John W. Sawyer. 
No. 36 200 EliEabeth Miller and Mary Dear, (heirs of 
Abm. Rickon) Square Northwest corner. 
276 John M'Fadden, (assignee of John Cooper) 
East side. 

William Moulton, Captain. 

Elenora Feick, Southeast corner. 

Elias Willard, Surgeon's Mate. 

Ichabod Coe. 

John Welch. 

Henry Brewster, ) ^ ^i. 

Giles Woolcott, [ Southeast corner. 

Thomas Hughes, West side. 
Heirs of Thomas Filer, middle. 
Heirs of Samuel Shirts, East side. 
Giles Woolcott. 
William Kincaid, West side. 
James Dunlap, middle. 
Henry Brewster, South side. 
John Dusenbury. 
















26 600 






























37 500 



38 600 


39 500 


40 500 




41 200 




42 600 


43 200 




44 500 



44 lOO 


45 500 



46 500 



47 500 



48 200 



49 600 


50 200 





51 200 




52 600 


S3 200 




54 500 



55 500 



56 200 



57 450 



58 500 


59 500 


60 200 




61 500 



62 600 


63 200 




64 600 


65 200 




66 200 


Jacob Sammons, Southeast corner. 

John Wood. 

Jacob Sammons, Southeast corner. 

David Bates. 

C. J. Rumsey and G. F. Rumsey, (assignees 

of J. Dole) Southeast corner. 
Amos Hutchings'' heirs. 
Thomas Macdonough, Southeast corner. 
Matthias DeCamp, West side. 
Heirs of Henry Dubois, East side. 
John McLean. 

Elizabeth Flagler, West side. 
Giles Woolcott, Northeast corner. 
Heirs of Andries Longyear, Sub. 2. 
John Longyear, Sub. 3. 
Robert Gillespie's heirs. West side. 
John and Samuel Garrison, middle. 
Josiah Goldsmith, East side. 
Jacob V. Egberts,* Captain. 
Nathan Smith, West side. 
William Thompson, middle. 
James Ivory, East side. 
James Bradley, Southeast corner. 
Israel Reeve. 
Cornelius Ackerson. 
Philip Ketch, West side. 
Agnes Youmans, middle. 
John Pope. 

Jacob L. Lazelere, Square Southeast corner. 
Lewis Dubois, Colonel. 
Peter and James Miller. 
Peter Boise, West side. . 
John G. Wilson, middle. 
Magdalen Rynms and John Springsteen, 

East side. 
Henry Ten Eyck, Captain. 
Simeon Knight, Southeast corner. 
Appropriated for roads 
John Smith, West side. 
William Waddle, and others, middle. 
Jacob Crafts, East side. 
Elizabeth Hamilton. 
John Hammond, West side. 
David Lambert, middle. 
Archibald Burgess, East side. 
James Scholifild's heirs, West side. 


James Rose, middle. 

Phebe Luddington, East side. 

James Blake. 

Thomas Macdonoug-h, Southeast corner. 

Moses Dean, West side. 

James Downs, heirs. East of Dean. 

Peter Mills. 

J. Wools, heirs, Southeast corner 

Thomas Wilson. 

Richard Satterlee's heirs, West side. 

Francis Van Tine's heirs, middle. 

David Carswell, Southeast corner, 

Jane Ann Mancius. 

Samuel Sherwood, Southeast corner. 

Mary Southwick and others, (heirs of J. 

William Lighthall. 
Thomas Macdonough. 
Sold for snrvey. 
William Lighthall. 
Sold for survey. Southeast corner. 
Samuel Sherwood, East side. 
Cyrus Baldwin, Northwest corner. 
John Wood, Captain. 
Francis Cole. 
Reserved Lot. 

Sold for survey, Southwest corner. 
Michael Francisco, Southeast corner. 
Jonathan Weed's heirs. West side. 
Sold for survey. Northeast corner. 
Sold for survey. Northwest corner. 
William Dugban. 
Jesse Adams, Southeast corner. 
WiUiam Moulton, Captain. 
Jesse Adams, Southeast corner. 
Henry TenEyck, Captain. 
John Bishop's heirs. West side. 
William Whitehead's heirs, middle. 
Elizabeth Hamilton, East side. 
Sold for survey. Southwest corner. 
Jacob v. Egberts, Captain. 
Sold for survey. Southwest corner. 
Philip Cole's heirs, West side. ' 
Robert Van Tine, middle. 
James Bradley, East of Van Tme. 
Philip Cole's heirs. Southeast corner. 
Elizabeth Hamilton. 


66 200 



67 500 



68 250 



69 500 



70 500 


71 200 




72 500 



73 600 


74 500 




75 500 


76 50 




n 500 




■ SO 



79 200 



80 50 


81 500 



82 500 



83 500 


84 200 





85 600 


86 so 






87 50b 




87 50 





89 500 



90 500 



91 500 


92 500 




93 450 




94 300 




95 Soo 


96 200 








98 300 





99 400 




100 500 



Sold for survey, Northeast corner. 

Literature Lot. 

Sold for survey, Northwest corner. 

Thomas T. Jackson, Lieutenant. 

Sold for Survey, Southwest corner. 

Peter Mills. 

Thomas Mumford, Southeast corner. 

Thomas T. Jackson. 

Reuben Smith. 

Thomas Macdonough, Southeast corner. 

Sold for survey. 

Benjamin Chatsey. 

Elizabeth Hamilton, Southeast corner. 

Sold for survey, Southwest corner. 

John M'Kinstry, West side. 

David Hodges, East of M'Kinstry. 

Sold for survey, Southeast corner. 

James Newell. 

John Thompson's heirs. West side. 

Benjamin Gillett, middle. 

Sold for survey, Northeast corner. 

Benoni and Billings Burch, Southeast cor. 

Reserved Lot-. 

Sold for survey. Northwest corner. 

James Thorne and others, (heirs of Daniel 

Thorne,) West side. 
Henry Impson, East of Thorne. 
Silas Winans, Northeast corner. 
Sold for survey, Southeast corner. 
Silas Winans. 

T. Mumford, Southeast corner. 
Sold for survey, southwest corner. 
Peter Mills. 

Sold for survey, Southwest corner. 
T. Mumford. 



THE " Invasion of the Genesee County " is the decidedly 
warlike name given by previous writers, and particu- 
larly by Turner, in his History of the Pultney Estate 
to certain transactions which occurred in the year 1794, at 
Sodus Point. Actual fighting in the Revolutionary war 
closed with the battle of Yorktown in the fall of 1781, though 
it was not until the spring of 1783, that the treaty of peace 
was proclaimed and the Independence of the United Colonies 
acknowledged. Many sources of irritation existed for several 
years subsequent to that date. 

Great Britain and the United States, each complained that 
the other had violated the stipulations contained in the treaty. 
Great Britain was accused of having carried away negroes 
at the close of the war, of having retained in her possession 
certain military posts which interfered with the Americans 
in securing their share of the fur trade, and of inciting the 
Indians to make incursions upon the border settlements. 
The United States were accused of preventing loyalists from 
regaining possession of their estates, and British subjects 
from recovering debts contracted before the beginning of 

Western New York was within the field of this disturb- 
ance. The British Government had held this territory from 
the time it was wrested from France, in 1760, to the close of 
the Revolution, about twenty-four years. It seems scarcely 
possible now to understand that they continued to put for- 
ward a claim to it for ten years longer. 

That the British were allowed to hold the important forts 
of Oswego and Niagara, for ten years following the date of 


the treaty by which they had agreed to surrender them, can 
only be explained on the ground that this now fair and 
beautiful country was almost an unknown land. It was only 
when the first pioneers began to make their way into this 
wilderness, in 1788-89, that the jealousy of the British 
authorities in Canada, began to develop into overt acts. The 
treaties between the State of New York and Massachusetts ; 
the purchase of the Genesee country by Philips and Gor- 
ham, and their associates ; the sale of the territory west of 
the Genesee river, to the Holland Lind Company ; the sale 
of the territory between Seneca lake and the Genesee river, 
bounded north by Lake Ontario, and south by Pennsylvania, 
constituting afterwards the Pultney Estate ; all followed in 
rapid succession. The appointment of Captain WiUiamson 
as agent for the sale of these lands ; his arrival here with a 
large force of surveyors and workmen ; his energetic move- 
ments at Bath, at Geneva, at Lyons, and at Sodus, occurring 
during the period 1790 to 1794, were all critically observed 
by the Governor of Canada. He saw that thorough and 
systematic plans for the settlement of these lands were being 
executed. The American authorities at this time had con- 
siderable reason to suspect that a British and Indian aUiance 
was being perfected, having in view the actual repossession 
of all of Western New York, and threatening with fire and 
slaughter the families of the scattered settlers. All these 
dangers were finally terminated by thejay Treaty, negotiated 
with the English Government in 1794. This treaty con- 
tained several provisions that were violently opposed by 
many Americans, both in Congress and out. President Wash- 
ington was, himself, severely blamed for favoring it. The 
treaty was not ratified by the American Government, until 
1796, and there was only a majority of three in Congress, in 
favor of the appropriation, necessary to carry it into effect. 
The forts were surrendered and a substantial peace fol- 
lowed favorable to settlement until the difficulties occurred 
prior to the opening of the war of 18 12. It was during that 
troublous period that the so-called " Invasion of the Genesee 
county occurred." The following account is from the papers 
left by Thomas Morris, and is found in the " History of the 
Pultney Estate : " 


" Gov. Simcoe had, from his first assuming the govern- 
ment of Upper Canada, evinced the greatest jealousy of the 
progress of the settlement of our western countrv ; he was 
even said to have threatened to send Captain Williamson to 
- England in irons, if he ever ventured to come into Canada. 
In 1794, Captain Williamson had commenced a settlement 
at Sodus Bay. 

" In the month of August of that year, Lieutenant Sheaffe, 
of the British army, (now Major-General Sir Roger, Hale 
Sheaffe, who during the last war, commanded at the battle 
of Queenstown, after the death of Gen. Brock,) was sent by 
Governor Simcoe, with a protest to be delivered to Captain 
Williamson, protesting against the prosecution of the settle- 
ment of Sodus, and all other American settlements beyond 
the old French line, during the unexecution of the treaty 
that terminated the Revolutionarj- War. Finding there only 
an agent of Mr. Williamson's (a Mr. Moffat,) Lieutenarit 
Sheaffe informed him of the nature of his mission, and 
requested him to make it known to Captain Williamson, and 
to inform him that he would return in ten days, when he 
hoped to meet Captain Williamson there. Mr. Moffat came 
to me at Canandaigua to acquaint me with what had taken 
place, and induce me to accompany him to Bath to confer 
with Captain Williamson in relation to this very extraor- 
dinary protest. I accordingly went to Bath, and it was 
agreed between Captain Williamson and myself, that we 
would both meet Lieutenant Sheaffe at Sodus, at the time 
he had appointed to be there. Accordingly, on the day 
named by Lieut. Sheaffe, we were at Sodus ; and shortly 
after our arrival there, we perceived on the lake, a boat 
rowed by about a dozen British soldiers, who after landing 
their officer, were directed by him to pull off some distance 
in the bay, and remain there until he made a sig^ial to return 
for him. 

" Capt. Williamson, in consequence of the threats imputed 
to Gov. Simcoe, in relation to himself, did not think 
proper to expose himself unnecessarily to any act of violence, 
if any such should have been meditated against him. He 
therefore requested me to receive Lieut. Sheaffe on the 
beach, and to accompany him to the log cabin where Capt. 
Williamson was, with a brace of loaded pistols on his table. 

" The ordering his men to remain at a distance from the 
shore, shows that the precaution that had been taken, though 
proper at the time, was unnecessary, and that no resort to 
force was intended. 

" The meeting between the Lieutenant and Mr. William- 
son, was friendly ; they had known each other before ; and 


while in the same service, had marched through some part 
of England together. The Lieutenant handed to Capt. 
Williamson the protest, and was desired by the Captain to 
inform Gov. Simcoe that he would pay no attention to it, 
but prosecute his settlement, the same as if no such paper 
had been delivered to him ; that if any attempt should be 
made forcibly to prevent him from doing so, that attempt 
would be repelled by force. Lieut. Sheafie having, during 
the interview between them, made some allusion to Capt. 
Williamson having once held a commissison in the British 
army, he replied, that while in the service of the Crown, he 
had faithfully performed his duty; that having since 
renounced his allegiance to that Crown, and become a citizen 
of the United States, his adopted country, having both the 
ability and inclination, would protect him in his rights and 
the possession of his property. 

'' I asked Lieut. Sheaffe if he would be so good as to explain 
what was meant by the old French line, where it ran, and 
what portion of our country we were forbidden in Gov. Sim- 
coe's protest, to occupy. He replied, that he was merely 
the bearer of the paper ; that by the orders of his superior 
officer, he had handed it to Capt. Williamson ; that no ex- 
planation had been given to him of its purport, nor was he 
authorized to give any. After about half an hour, 1 accom- 
panied him to the beach, where he had landed ; and on a 
signal having been made by him, his boat returned for him, 
and he departed. 

" This is what my father, in his letter of the loth of Sep- 
tember, 1794, alludes to, and terms a treaty, and for which he 
hopes that Simcoe will get a rap over the knuckles from his 
master. So many years have elapsed since the qomplaints 
made both by the British and our own Government, were 
adjusted by negotiation that an explanation is necessary as to 
what Governor Simcoe meant when he spoke of the inexe- 
cution of the treaty that terminated our Revolutionary strug- 
gle. The complaint on the part of Great Britain, was, that 
certain laws in several States by which British subjects were 
prevented from recovering debts due to them prior to the 
Revolution, bad not been repealed, — as by the treaty they 
ought to have been ; — and also that British property had 
been confiscated since the period limited in the treaty for 
such confiscations, and no compensation had been made to 
the injured parties. 

" On our part, the complaint was, that after the cessation 
of hostilities, negroes and other property were carried away 
by the British army, contrary to stipulations entered into by 
the preliminary treaty of peace. The British retained poS- 


session of the posts on our borders, and within our bounds 
until an amicable settlement of these difficulties, and which 
settlement, I think, took place in 1796-" 

The conversation which passed between Mr. Williamson and 
Lieut. Sheaffe, as recorded by Mr. Williamson, is as follows : 

Lieut. Sheaffe. — " I am commissioned by Governor Sim- 
coe to deliver the papers, and require an answer." 

Mr. WilUamson. — " I am a citizen of the United States 
and under their authority and protection, I possess these 
lands, I know no right that his Brittanic Majesty, or Gover- 
nor Simcoe, has to interfere, or molest me. The only alle- 
giance I owe to any power on earth, is to the United States ; 
and so far as being intimidated by threats from people I 
have no connection with, I shall proceed with my improve- 
ments, and nothing but superior force shall make me aban- 
don the place. Is the protest pf Gov. Simcoe intended to 
apply to Sodus exclusively ?" 

Lieut. Sheaffe. — "By no means ! It is to embrace all the 
Indian lands purchased since the peace of 1783." 

Mr. Williamson. — " And what are Gov. Simcoe's inten- 
tions, supposing the protest is disregarded ?" 

Lieut. Sheaffe.^ — " I am merely the official bearer of the 
papers ; but I have a further message to deliver from Gov. 
Simcoe ; which is that he reprobates your conduct exceed- 
ingly for endeavoring to obtain flour from Upper Canada ; 
and that should he permit it, it would be acknowledging the 
right of the United States to these Indian Lands." 

" The news of this hostile demonstration on the part of 
one, seeming to act by authority from the British Govern- 
ment was soon spread through all the settlement of the 
Genesee country. 

" At no period since the settlement commenced, had the 
conduct of the Indians so much favored the worst appre- 
hensions. Harmar and St. Clair had in turn been defeated 
and repulsed by the Western Indians, and the issue that 
Wayne had made with them was pending ; his defeat being 
not improbable, in view of the formidable enemy with which 
he had to contend. Evidences of British aid to the Western 
Indians, against General Wayne, was furnished by return- 
ing adventurers from the West, and every traveler that came 
through the wilderness from Niagara, confirmed the worst 
suspicions of all that was going on at that focus of British 
machinations, against the peace of the defenceless border 

" It was, also, ominous of danger, that the Senecas, in 
their immediate neighborhood, had, it may almost be said, 


armed and moved off in considerable numbers, to become 
confederates against General Wayne, bearing upon their 
persons the blankets, broadcloths, calicos and war decora- 
tions serve'd to them from the King's store-house at Niagara, 
by the hands of Colonel John Butler, whose very name was 
a terror, for it was mingled with the chiefest horrors and 
the darkest deeds of the border wars of the Revolution. 

" If Wayne should be defeated, it was but natural to sup- 
pose that the Senecas who had gone West and made them- 
selves confederates against him, would bring back with 
them, upon their war-path, allies from the Western tribes to 
renew the bloody scenes that had been enacted upon the 
banks of the Mokawk and the Susquehannah. 

" Such being the cotemporary state of things, it is not 
strange that the landing of even a boat-load of British troops 
upon the soil of the Genesee country, though their errand 
was but to bring a threatening protest, appeared to be a 
circumstance of no trifling magnitude. It must also be 
taken into account how feeble in numbers, how exposed, and 
how weak in all things necessary to a successful defence 
were the then new settlements of the Genesee country. All 
this, clear from a brief retrospect of the commencement and 
progress of settlement, and added to what this will show, 
should be the consideration that the settlers came into the 
wilderness unprepared for war. They came relying upon a 
treaty of peace. Wearied with war. and all its harrassing 
effects, they had more than figuratively beaten their swords 
into ploughshares and their spears into pruning hooks. 
They had come to subdue the wilderness, and not to subdue 
their fellow-men. 

" The rumors of war came to the sparse settlements, and 
the solitary log-cabins, dotted down in the wilderness, like 
the decrees of fate, to be added to all the sufferings and 
endurances of pioneer life. 

" But a few weeks previous to all this, there had been, as 
if by concert, a far more than usual emigration of New York 
Indians to Canada. They wentfrom most of the Six Nations, 
in detached parties, and a very large proportion of the Onon- 
dagas had emigrated in a body. The demeanor of the Sen- 
ecas had undergone a marked change. By some unseen but 
suspected influence, they had become morose and quarrel- 
some. A far more than usual number of outrages were 
committed upon the new settlers ; in fact, the principal ones 
that are now remembered happened about this period. 
These facts were not without their influence in converting 
the circumstances of the landing of an armed force at Sodus 
Bay into a preliminary measure, the sequel of which might 



prove the breaking out of a general war, having for its object 
the recovery of the soil of the Genesee country by the In- 
dians, and the bringing of it again under British dominion. 

" It will surprise those who are not familiar with early 
events in the Genesee country, when they are told that as 
late as 1794, eight years after settlement had been com- 
menced, there was but little intercourse or communication 
with Albany and New York. Philadelphia and Baltimore, 
and especially the latter, had far more intimate relations with 
all this region. To the papers of those cities, the settlers in 
these backwoods looked for news, and in them events trans- 
piring here, were generally recorded. 

" On the first of September, the affair at Sodus was 
announced in the Maryland Gazette, in a letter from Phila- 
delphia, accompanied by the intelligence that an express had 
arrived at the then seat of government, with despatches for 
the War Office. Immediately after the departure of Lieut. 
Sheaffe, Mr. Williamson, with the co-operation of other 
prominent citizens, adopted the most energetic measures, as 
well for the purpose of preparing for the contingency, 
which he had good reasons for supposing would occur, 
as to give assurances of safety and protection to the 
inhabitants. He not only sent an express rider to the seat 
of government, as indicated by the correspondent of the 
Maryland Gazette, but he also despatched one to Albany. 
He forwarded by the messengers, letters to Edmund Ran- 
dolph, Secretary of State, to Gen. Knox, Secretary of War, 
and to Gov. George Clinton. 

" In these letters he detailed all that had transpired, sug- 
gested some measures of protection, and gave assurances 
that the mandate of Gov. Simcoe would be disregarded. ' 

In the letter to General Knox, he says : 

" It is pretty well ascertained that for some time past, 
quantities of military stores and ammunition have been for- 
warded to Oswego. This makes me think it not improba- 
ble that Lieut. Sheaffe will take a forcible possession of Sodus 
on his return. I shall, however, without relaxing, go on 
with my business there, until drove off by a superior force. 
It is needless for me to trouble you with any comments on 
this unparalleled piece of insolence, and gross insult to the 
government of the United States." 

Mr. Williamson seems to have been prompt and active in 
meeting the emergency which appeared to have arisen. He 
not only notified the officials of the United States Govern- 
ment and of the State of New York, but also wrote a letter 
to Sir William Pulteney, in which he says: 


" I shall make no further comment on this business, than 
to observe, that though short of actual hostilities, it completes 
the unequaled insolent conduct of Mr. Simcoe towards 
this government. Mr. Simcoe's personal of myself and you, 
I treat with the scorn it deserves, but I beg leave to give 
you a sketch of his political conduct. On his first arrival 
in this country, by deep laid schemes he has prevented 
every possibility of an accommodation between this country 
and the hostile Indians, and this summer, by his intrigues, 
he has drawn several tribes of friendly Indians from the ter- 
ritory of the United States to the British side of the lines, 
and left nothing undone to induce the Six Nations, our 
neighbors, to take up the hatchet the moment he gives the 
word. You must be acquainted with his marching a body 
of armed troops, and erecting a Fort at the Rapids of the 
Miami, seventy miles within the territory of the United 
States, but this being an extensive wilderness, seemed of 
less importance. 

" Not content with this, he has now interfered with our 
settlements, in a manner so unlike the dignity of a great 
nation that it must astonish you. If it is the intention of 
the British ministry, by low and underhanded schemes, to 
keep alive a harrassing war against helpless women and 
children, or by murders on this frontier, to add to the list of 
murders already committed by the influence of their servants 
here, and to treat this government with the most unwarrant- 
able insolence and contempt, I allow that Mr. Simcoe is 
the most industrious and faithful servant the British govern- 
ment ever had. But if it is the intention to cultivate a 
friendly intercourse with this country, it can never take 
place while such is the conduct of their Governor here. 
For my own part, I think it would be doing the government 
of Great Britain a most essential service, should their 
intentions towards the ■ country . be friendly, to show 
their ministry the conduct of Gov. Simcoe; and I write this 
letter that you may show it to Mr. Dundas, or Mr. Pitt, if 
you think proper. Their knowledge of me, I am convinced, 
will give it sufficient weight. If these transactions are in 
consequence of orders from Great Britain, and their views 
are hostile, there is nothing further to be said." 

"All this state of doubt, suspicion and fear was, however, to 
be ended and that promptly. While these things were progress- 
ing, and only four days after the affair at Sodus, in fact, before 
Gov. Simcoe would have had time to execute his threats, 
the great measure of deliverance for the Genesee country 
and the few scattered border settlers of the west, had been 
consummated. " Mad Anthony," had met the confederated 


bands of the hostile Indians of the west, and almost under 
the very walls of a fortress held by their British allies, 
achieved a signal victory. Those upon whom Gov. Simcoe 
was relying for aid, (for it is evident that he looked to a 
descent of the western Indians upon the Genesee country in 
case the war was renewed,) were humbled and suing for 
peace. This alone would have averted his worst intentions, 
and added to this, was the consideration that Mr. Jay had 
sailed for London on the 12th of May, clothed with ample 
powers from the government to arrange all matters of dispute. 
"As early as the 3d of July, preceding the visit of Lieutenant 
Sheaffe, to Sodus, a representation had been made to the 
War Department, of the exposed condition of the new set- 
tlers in the Genesee country, the danger of Indian disturb- 
ances promoted by British agents at Niagara, and the neces- 
sity of^some means of defence. To which. Gen. Knox, the 
Secretary of War, had replied in substance, that some offi- 
cial use had been made of the communication, by the Secre- 
tary of War, in his correspondence with the British minister, 
that a conference was to be held with the Six Nations at 
Canandaigua, in September, for the purpose of conciliating, 
and establishing finally a peace with them if possible. In 
reply to an application for arms, the Secretary says, that an 
order had been issued in favor of the Governor of New 
York, for one thousand muskets, cartridge boxes, and bayo- 

The following copy of a letter from President Washing- 
ton to Mr. Jay, our then minister in London, possesses much 
of a general historical interest, and will aid the reader in a 
full understanding of the questions then at issue, so far as 
this local region was concerned : 

"August 30, 1794. 

" As you will receive letters from the Secretary of State's 
office, giving an official account of the public occurrences as 
they have arisen and advanced, it is unnecessary for me to 
retouch any of them ; and yet, I cannot restrain myself from 
making some observations on the most recent of them, the 
communication of which was received this morning only. 
I mean the protest of the Governor of Upper Canada, deliv- 
ered by Lieutenant Sheaffe, against our occupying lands far 
from any of the posts, which, long ago, they ought to have 
surrendered, and far within the known, and until now, the 
acknowledged limits of the United States. 

" On this irregular and high-handed proceeding of Mr. 
Simcoe, which is no longer masked, I would rather hear 
what the ministry of Great Britain will say, than pronounce 


my own sentiments thereon. But can that government, or 
will it attempt, after this official act of one of their governors, 
to hold out ideas of friendly intentions towards the United 
States, and suffer such conduct to pass with impunity ? 

" This may be considered as the most open and daring act 
of the British agents in America, though it is not the most 
hostile and cruel ; for there does not remain a doubt in the 
mind of any well-informed person in this country, not shut 
against conviction, that all the- difficulties we encounter with 
the Indians, their hostilities, the murders of helpless women 
and children, along our frontiers, result from the conduct of 
agents of Great Britain in this country. In vain is it then 
for its administration in Britain, to disavow having given 
orders which will warrant such conduct, whilst their agents 
go unpunished ; while we have a thousand corroborating 
circumstances, and indeed as many evidences, some of which 
cannot be brought forward, to prove that they are seducing 
from our alliances, and endeavoring to remove over the line, 
tribes that have hitherto been kept in peace and friendship 
with us at a heavy expense, and who have no causes of com- 
plaint, except pretended ones of their creating ; whilst they 
keep in a state' of irritation the tribes that are hostile to us, 
and are instigating those who know little of us, or we of 
them, to unite in the war against us ; and whilst it is an 
undeniable fact, that they are furnishing the whole with 
arms, ammunition, clothing, and even provisions to carry on 
the 'war. I might go farther, and if they are not much 
belied, add, men also in disguise. 

" Can it be expected, I ask, so long as these things are 
known in the United States, or at least firmly believed, and 
suffered with impunity by Great Britain, that there ever 
will or can be anj' cordiality between the two countries? 
I answer — No ! And I will undertake, without the gift of 
prophecy to predict, that it will be impossible to keep this 
country in a state of amity with Great Britain long, if these 
posts are not surrendered. A knowledge of these being my 
sentiments, would have but little weight, I am persuaded, 
with the British administration, or perhaps with the Na'tion, 
*in effecting the measures, but Ijoth may rest satisfied, that 
if they want to be at peace with this country, and to enjoy 
the benefits of its trade, to give up the posts is the only road 
to it. Withholding them, and the consequences we feel at 
present continuing, war will be inevitable." 

This affair at Sodus Point must therefore be regarded as 
one of considerable historical importance. Indeed, as seen 
above, General Washington pronounced it "the most open 


and daring act of the British agents in America, though not 
the most hostile and cruel." It was a very strong point 
urged upon the American minister, Mr. Jay, in the instruc- 
tions given him with reference to the negotiating of a new 

The affair at the Point occurred on the i6th of August, 
1794. On the 20th, Mad Anthony Wayne won the great 
victory over the Indians at the battle of Miami, as noticed 
in the account already given. Whatever else may have led 
to the bestowal of his name upon this county at its organiza- 
tion twenty-eight years afterwards, it was at least a just 
tribute of respect to his memorv for the distinguished 
services which at that critical time rendered nugatory Gov. 
Simcoe's protest and defeated the evident intentions of those 
who had perpetrated this " invasion of the Genesee Country " 
at Sodus Point. 

It would be a matter of local interest to state the exact 
spot upon the beach where Thomas Morris received Lieut. 
Sheaffe, and the site of the log cabin, in which Capt. 
Williamson, seated, with a brace of pistols before him, 
received the bearer of the hostile message. The published 
accounts of the event contain no information on these 
unimportant items. Before the erection of the piers the 
tract towards the Lake now filled in with sand was open 
water. Indeed residents of Sodus, still comparatively young, 
remember that it continued so for many years after the piers 
were built. The most na:tural landing place for a row boat 
coming from a vessel anchored without, with no piers in the 
way, would have been the northern side of " Sand Point," 
in the vicinity of Mr. Hopkins' present residence, or possibly 
nearer the main land, close up to the foot of the present 
main street of the village. Capt. Williamson had that year 
begun his improvements at Sodus Point. The "tavern 
house," built at a cost of $5,000, upon the site of David 
Rogers' present residence, must have been jn process of 
erection. The " Old Sodus Road " from Palmyra to the 
Point had been cut through that spring. The mill up the 
creek in the edge of the woods south of the present Lake 
Shore Mills, at Maxwell, was also doubtless either built or 



work upon it commenced. The log cabin in which Capt. 
Williamson met Lieut. Sheaffe was doubtless one of the 
temporary buildings hastily erected that spring for the 
accommodation of laborers, agents and surveyors, and its 
site cannot now be pointed out. 



WAYNE County having been formed in part from 
Ontario, and the latter dating back to January 27, 
1789, it becomes necessary to notice military arrange- 
ments under the name of Ontario, in order to clearly trace 
the beginnings of those in Wayne. The earlier appoint- 
ments of officers do not include the names of any men from 
the section of county which afterwards constituted Wayne 
county ; yet the names of settlers upon this territory begin 
to appear at a very early date, as John Swift, in 1792 ; Joel 
Foster and David White, in 1 793 ; Joseph Colt, Evert Van- 
Wickle and Azariah Willis, in 1798. The names found in 
several of the following pages may have all been beyond the 
boundaries of Wayne county ; yet many of them were so 
near its borders, and many others were so intimately known 
to the early citizens of this county, that no apology is needed 
for giving them so fully. 

To understand the appointments given under various 
county names, it must be remembered that the present ter- 
ritory of Wayne county was all a part of Montgomery 
county prior to January 27, 1789 ; that after that date it was 
in Ontario and Montgomery until February 16, 1791 ; that 
after that date it was in Ontario and Herkimer, until March 
5, 1794 ; then from that date it was in Ontario and Onondaga 
until March 8, 1799 ; that then it was in Ontario and Cayuga 
until March 29, 1804; that nekt it was included in Ontario 
zxiA Seneca vxiWX April 11, 1823. To trace militia appoint- 
ments in the six eastern towns of Wayne county, we are 
obliged to examine under a variety of names for a period of 
thirty years or more. 

The records of the Council of appointment preserved in 
the Secretary of State's office at Albany, furnish the author- 
ities for the following notes : 


Under date of April 7, 1790, the first military appointments 
seem to have been made for Ontario county, and are as 
follows : 

Major — Isaiah Thompson. 

'Captains — John Wells, Ebenezer Lindley, Jr. 

Lieutenants — Amos Hall, William Harris. 

Ensigns — Alexander Ewing, Caleb Gardner. 

It was the year before that the Stansells and Featherlys 
were making the first settlement at Lyons ; the earliest in 
Wayne, county. 

March 8, 1791, it is recorded that "in Major Abraham 
Hardenburgh'^s Battalion, in General Volkert Veeder's Brig- 
ade, at Canadasega," the following appointments were made: 

Captain — Elias Jackson. 

Lieutenant — Peter Bortle, Jr. 

Ensign — James Manning Reed; County of Ontario 

March 12, 1792, at a meeting of the Council of appoint- 
ment, held at the Government House in the city of New 
York, on Thursday, the 22d day of March, 1792, His Excel- 
lency, the Governor, having signified that it was necessary 
for the convenience of the inhabitants and the protection of 
the frontier settlements to form the militia of Ontario county 
into one regiment and two battalions, it was resolved that 
the following persons be, and they are hereby appointed : 

Othniel Taylor, Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant of a regi- 
ment of Militia in the County of Ontario : 

First Major — Benjamin Wells. 

Second Major — Amos Hall. 

Captains — Robert Tofts, Nathaniel Norton, John Swift, 
Israel Chapin, Jr., Arnold Potter, John Ganson, William 
Wadsworth, Nathan Perry, James Austin. 

Lieutenants — Asa Burchard, Ebenezer Norton, Joseph 
Smith.Horatius Jones, Aaron Beach, Joseph Morgan, William 

Ensigns — ^Jasper Peck, Jr., Jared Boughton, Orange Bragg, 
James D. Fish, Alexander Ewing, James Culbertson, Cheney 
Hyde, Peregrine Gardner. 

Elias Jackson, Major of a Battalion in Ontario county. 

Phineas Pierce, 2d Major, " " 

Captains — Peter Bortle, Thomas Prentiss, Sanford Will- 
iams, Oliver Humphrey. 

Lieutenants — Joram Lanamis, Joseph Annin, James M. 
Reed, William Burnet. 


Ensigns — Clark Jennings, Benajah Mallery, Solomon 
Warner, Charles Humphrey. 

Samuel Lindley, Major of a Battalion in Ontario county. 

Ezekiel Milford, 2d Major, " 

Captains — John Seeley, Hezekiah Thurber, Solomon Ben- 

Lieutenants — John Wyman, Ichabod Patterson, John 

Ensigns — Eleazer Lindley, Jr., Frederick Cateing, Richard 

Thomas Morris, Captain of a Troop of Horse. 

Nathaniel Gorham, Captain of a Company of Artillery. 

It was noted that the above appointments were not to be 
construed so as to interfere in the appointment of a Brig- 
adier-General, when a Brigade is found necessary to be 
formed in said county. 

April 12, 1792, Moses Atwater was appointed Surgeon 
of Lieutenant-Colonel Othniel Taylor's regiment. 

Stephen Hopkins, Surgeoh in the Battalion of Militia 
whereof Samuel Lindley is a Major. 

October 3, 1793, there were appointed in the county of 
Ontario, the following officers in Lieutenant-Colonel Othniel 
Taylor's Regiment : 

Adjutant — James D. Fish. 

Paymaster — John Clark. 

Quartermaster — Matthew Marvin. 

Captain — William Gooding. 

Ensign — Theophilus Allen. 


Captain — Jonathan Lee. 
Lieutenant — Rouse Perfy. 
Ensign — Benjamin Clark. 


Captain — Asahel Burchard. 
Lieutenant — John Mynard. 
Ensign — Asa Baker. 

Lieutenants — \s,r2i&\ Stone, Jasper Peck Sears, Jared 
Ensign — Israel Beach. 



Captain — David White. 
Lieutenants — Joel Foster, Orange Brace. 
Ensigns — Abiathar Powers, Ezra Piatt. 
Ezra Patterson, Captain of Artillery, vice Nathaniel 
Gorham, declined. 

Abner Barlow, ist Lieutenant of Artillery. 

Samuel Colt, 2d Lieutenant of Artillery. 

Samuel Gardner, ist Lieutenant of the Troop of Horse. 

Frederick Hosmer, 2d Lieutenant of the Troop of Horse. 

John Johnston, Cornet of the Troop of Horse. 

Al^o in the Battalion of Major Elias Jackson. 


Captain— lose'ph Annin. 
Lieutenant — Truman Spencer. 
Ensign — Martin Spencer. 

Solomon Warner, Lieutenant, vice James M. Reed, 

Nathan Whitney, Ensign, vice Solomon Warner, promoted. 

Aikens, Lieutenant, vice Joseph Annin, promoted. 

Adjutant — Jabez B. Dexter. 
Surgeon — Deodatus Allen. 
Quartermaster — Benjamin Barter. 
Paymaster — Alexander Birnie. 

October 7, 1793, in Major Elias Jackson's Battalion, 
Marseny Wheaton, Ensign. 

April 8, 179s, His Excellency, the Governor, having sig- 
nified his intention to form the Militia of Ontario and Onon- 
daga into a Brigade, Othniel Taylor was appointed Brigadier- 
General in command of said Brigade. 

April 2, 1796, on the report and recommendation of the 
Adjutant-General, His Excellency, the Commander-in-Chief, 
has thought proper to divide the Regiment commanded by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin Wells, in the Brigade of Gen- 
eral Taylor, comprehending the counties of Ontario, Onon- 
daga and Steuben into two regiments ; the first of the said 
regiments to be bounded by No. 8 to 13 in the second range 
of Phelps & Gorham's purchase, and from No. 7 to No. 13 
in the third range, and from No. 7 to No. 13 in the fourth 
range of said purchase ; of this regiment Lieutenant-Colonel 
Wells togefher with all such of the officers as reside within 
the said bounds are to retain their respective commands. 


Resolved, That John Swift be and he is hereby appointed 
First Major of the said regiment, vice Amos Hall, who is 
proposed to be made Lieutenant-Colonel commandant of the 
other of the said regiments; and that John Clark be Pay- 
master, Peter Porter, Adjutant, Luther Cole, Quartermaster 
and Moses Atwater, Surgeon of the said regiment. 

The other of the said. regiments is to be bounded by No. 
7 to No. 12 in the fifth range, and from No. 7 to No. 10 in 
the sixth range, and from No. 7 to No. 13 in the seventh 
range of said purchase. 

Resolved, That the following officers be, and they are 
hereby appointed for the said last mentioned regiment, 
to-wit : 

Lieutenant-Colonel-Commandant — Amos Hall. 

First Major — William Wadsworth. 

Second Major — Nathan Perry. 

Adjutant — Jasper Marvin. 

Quartermaster — Friend Hall. 

Paymaster — Stephen Benton. 

Surgeon — Samuel Chapin. 

Surgeon s Mate — Joel Brace. 

Resolved, That the following officers be, and they are 
hereby appointed in the Battalion of Militia in the said 
County of Ontario, whereof Elias Jackson is Major-Com- 
mandant, to-wit : 

Captain — James Hill. 

Lieutenant— ]oh.n Plimton. 

Ensign — Hezekiah Townsend. 

That in the Battalion of Militia in said General Taylor's 
Brigade, whereof Samuel Lindsley is Major-Commandant, 
the following officers be, and they are hereby appointed, viz: 

Captain — John Stephens. 

Lieutenant — Richard Crosby. 

Ensign — Elias Stephens. 

Captain of a New Company — Charles Williamson. 

That Frederick Hosmer be First Lieutenant of Captain 
Thomas Morris' Troop of Horse in said Brigade ; John 
Johnson, Second Lieutenant, and Jasper Parish, Cornet. 

Resolved, April 5, 1796, that Joshua Wyckoff be First 
Lieutenant, Thaddeus Wood, Second Lieutenant and Cole- 
man Keeler, Cornet of Captain Walter D. NicoU's Troop of 
Horse in the Brigade of Militia comprehending the counties 
of Ontario, Onondaga and Steuben, whereof Othiliel Taylor, 
Esquire, is Brigadier General. 


April 9, 1796, John Cooper was appointed inspector of the 
Brigade commanded by General Othniel Taylor. 

March 23, 1797, the following officers were appointed in 
the regiment commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Benjamin 
Wells : 

Second Major — Jonathan Lee. 

Captains — Jared Boughton, Noah Porter, Joel Foster, Ezra 
Piatt, Rouse Perry and Benjamin Clark. 

Lieutenants — ^Joseph Brace, Joseph Bradish, Frederick 
Miller, Theophilus Allen, Jabez French, Peabody Kinney 
and Israel Beach. 

It was also resolved that in Lieutenant-Colonel Hall's 
Regiment in the county of Ontario the following officers 
be appointed : 

Captains — William Lemmon, Horatio Jones, William Pitt, 
John Beach, Jasper P. Sears and Ezra Patterson. 

Lieutenants — Philo Mills, Phinehas Bates, Elijah Parker, 
William Markum, Elijah Morgan, Peregrine Gardner and 
Simon Stone. 

Asa Baxter, Captain of Light Infantry. 

William Harris, Lieutenant of Light Infantry. 

March 28, 1798, a battalion of Militia was formed at 
Geneva. Elias Jackson appointed Lieutenant-Colonel Com- 
mandant of said Battalion and Phineas Pierce, First Major. 

Other officers appointed in the county of Ontario : 

Captain — Elijah Morgan. 

Lieutenant — John Jones. 

Paymaster — David Benton. 

Ensigns — Jonathan Gould, Joseph W. Lawrence, Samuel 
Sterling and Philo Mills. 

Resignation of Capt. William Gooden, in Col. Benjamin 
Wells' regiment, was accepted ; also resignation of Othniel 
Taylor, Brigadier-General. 


Brigadier-General — Benjamin Wells. 

Lieutenant-Colonel— }o\ia. Swift. 

First Major — Jonathan Lee. 

March 28, 1798, George D. Cooper, Lieutenant Com- 
mandant of a new troop of Horse formed in the Brigade of 
MiHtia, comprehended in the Counties of Ontario and 


April 5, 1798, John Johnson was appointed First Lieutenant 
of Capt. Thomas Morris' Troop of Horse in Ontario count)'. 
August 27, 1798, ofifice-rs appointed : 
Captain — Peter B. Porter. 
Lieutenant — Joseph Colt. 

Ensign — Asahel Sprague; of a company of light infantrj'. 
Captain — Frederick Miller. 
Lieutenant — Elijah Murray. 
Ensign — Joseph Hill ; of a new company. 
Captains — Joseph Brace, Theophilus Allen, Asher Saxton. 
Lieutenants — Aaron Flint, Daniel Sawyer. 
Ensigns — Abner Hill, Justin Goldsmith, William Clark, Jr. 
— Adjutant — Luther Cole. 

Quartermaster — Dudley Saltonstall. 
Surgeon s Mate — Stephen Aldridge. 

In Eli as Jackson's .regiment, the following appointments 
were made under the same date: 

Lieutenant-Colonel — John Cowdrj'. 

First Major — Oliver Humphrey. 

Second Major — Sanford Williams. 

Surgeon — John Henr}'- 

Captains — William Burnet, Solomon Warner, Truman 
Spencer, John Plimpton, Samuel Colt, Philetus Swift, 
William Smith, Evert Van Wickle. 

Lieutenants — Jacob W. Hallet, Charles Humphrey, Nathan 
Whitney, Martin Spencer, Hezekiah Townsend, Solomon 
Gardner, Eleazer Hawkes, Azariah Willis. 

Ensigns — Charles Cameron, John Griffin. 

April 8, 1799, the resignation "was accepted of Israel Beach, 
Lieutenant in Col. Swift's regiment. 

April 6, 1800, Vincent Matthews was appointed Major of 
the, second squadron, comprehending the cavalry in the 
counties of Ontario, Steuben, Tioga, Onondaga and Cayuga. 

Peter B. Porter, Inspector of the Brigade compreh6nding 
the Mihtia of Ontario and Steuben of which Benjamin Wells 
was Brigadier-General. 

Eber Norton, Second Major of the regiment in the county 
of Ontario commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel, John Swift. 

April 18, 1800, two new companies were formed in Cay- 
uga with the following officers : 

Captain — Silas Bowker and Hugh Graham. 

Lieutenants — Francis HoUister and Henry McLallen. 

Ensigns — Seth Rice and Jesse Herriman. 

Amos Hall was appointed Brigadier-General. 


In the regiment previously commanded by AmosHall, Esq., 
the following officers were appointed : 

Lieutenants — Jonathan Gould and Philo Wells. 

Ensigns — Paul Davidson, John Wance and Josiah Waters. 

Quartermaster — Asahel Warner. 

Four new companies were formed in said regiment and 
officers appointed as follows: 

Captains — Cornelius Treat, Joseph Hewitt and Enos 

Lieutenants — Pierce Chamberlain, Seymour Boughton and 
' DanielDavis. 

Ensign — John Green, Ezra Norton, Jesse Beach and 
Stephen Atchison. 

In the Troop of Horse in the county of Ontario the follow- 
ing appointments were made: 

Captain — John Johnson. 

First Lieutenant — Jasper Parish. 

Second Lieutenant — Seymour Boughton. 

Cornet — Daniel Gates, Jr. 

November 11, 1800, William Wadsworth was appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel of a regiment of Militia in the County of 

January 22, 1801, a new regiment was formed in the 
County of Cayuga for the territory lying west of Cayuga 
Lake and the Seneca river, and the following officers 
appointed : 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Wilhelmus Mynderse. 

First Major — Benjamin Dey. 

Second Major — WiUiam Himrod. 

Adjutant — James Van Home. 

Quartermaster — Andrew McKnight. 

Paymaster — Phineas Tuttle. 

A Troop of Horse viras formed in the northern part of 
Cayuga county, and Israel Smith was appointed Captain in 
command : another Troop in the southern part, with Jonathan 
Brownell, Captain. 

January 26, 1801, in Lieut.-Col. John Tillottson's regiment 
of Cayuga County Militia, the following appointments were 
made : 

First Major — Henry Hewitt. 

Second Major — Nathaniel Walker. 

Captains — Ebenezer Witter, William Bradley. 


Lieutenants — Samuel Adams, Matthew Tillottson, Phineas 
Rice, of Riflemen, Israel Buell, Henry Ludlow, Jr., George 
Robinson, Seth Rice. 

^«j2^«j— Jedediah Morgan, William Coltrin, Sylvanus 
Rice, Nathan Cook, Hezekiah Avery, Richard Francis, John 
Smith, Joseph Cone. 

February lo, 1802, the Militia of the County of Ontario 
were divided into six regiments, as follows : 

One under Lieut-Colonel Wadsworth, in the towns of 
Charleston, Hartford, Geneseo, Sparta, Northampton, and 
the west part of Pittstown ; one under command of Lieut.- 
Colonel Swift, in the towns of Palmyra, Sodus, and the 
north part of Phelps ; one lately under command of Lieut.- 
Colonel Cowdry, in the town of Seneca, the north part of 
Jerusalem, and the south part of Phelps ; one in the towns 
of Canandaigua, Easton and Farmington ; one in the towns 
of Bloomfield and Northfield ; and one in the towns of 
Augusta, Middletown, Bristol, the south part of Jerusalem, 
and the east part of Pittstown. 

Our further work from Ontario records is to trace the 
second regiment mentioned above, under command of 
Lieut.-Colonel Swift, which comprised the present towns of 
Lyons, Sodus, Arcadia, Palmyra, Marion, Williamson, 
Macedon, Walworth and Ontario. 

In Lieutenant-Colonel Swift's regiment, the following 
appointments were made Februar}'^ 10, 1802: 

First-Major — Philetus Swift. 

Second Major — Parley Phillips. 

Surgeon — Gain Robinson. 

Adjutant — Isaac Deane. 

Quartermaster — Fatus Goldsmith. 

Paymaster — Isaac Kelly. 

Captains — Humphre}' Sherman, John Hurlburt, John Dur- 
fee, Amos Stout, Moses Sill, Elisha Swift, Eleazer Hawkes. 

Lieutenants — James Galloway, William Patten, Edward 
Durfee, Gilbert Howell, Theodore Bannister, David Wood- 
ard, Abner Hill. 

Ensigti — Charles Bradish, Calvin Bradish, George Culver, 
Simon VanWickle, Cephas Hawkes, Augustus Dickinson, 
Samuel Caldwell. 

March 24, 1802, in the Cayuga county regiment west of 
Seneca river and Cayuga lake, the following appointments 
were made : 


First Major — William Himrod. 

Second Major — Oliver Halsey. 

Paymaster — Hugh W. Dobbin. 

Captains — John Gray, Daniel Sayre. 

Lieutenants — Ralph Swartwout, Stephen Bishop, Jonas 
Seeley, Samuel Easton. 

Ensigns — John Simson, Silas Beers, Henry Beers. 

Friday, April 3, 1803, Samuel Dongan was appointed 
Brigadier-Inspector of the Brigade of Militia in the county 
of Ontario, and also to serve as Brigade-Major. 

March 2, 1804, '"^ the Cayuga county regiment west of 
Seneca river and Cayuga lake, the following appointments 
were made : 

Captains — David Day, Jonas Seeley. 

Lieutenant — Silas Beers. 

First Major — James McKnight. 

Second Major — Daniel Sayre. 

Ensigns — Samuel McMath, John Flemming. 


Captaiji — John Whitney. 
Lieutenant — Richard G. Moore. 
Ensign — Ephraim Kinney. 


Captain — Gideon Stout. 

Lieutenant — Stephen Sherwood 

Ensign — Peter Hu£F, Jr. 

Captains — Josiah Crane, James Sweet. 

Lieutenants — Joshua Reynold, David Southwick, Lambert 
VanAlstyne,Casper Yost. 

Ensigns — Anson Bacon, Jacob Chamberlain, John Phelps. 

Adjutant — Hugh W. Dobbin. 

Paymaster — Nathaniel I. Potter. 

March 20, 1804, in Lieutenant-Colonel Swift's regiment, 
north part of the county of Ontario, the following appoint- 
ments were made : 

Quartermaster — James Robinson. 

Surgeon's Mate — Asel Enswprth. 

Captains — James Galloway, Gilbert Howell, Asahel 

Lieutenants — Charles Bradish, George Culver, Abraham 
Pratt, Bennett Farr, John McMaster. 

Ensigns — David White, Peter Harris, Gideon Durfee, 
Moses Blakeiy, Jr., Rufus Olds, John Granger. 




Captain — Adam Miller. 

Lieutenant — Elijah Granger. 

Ensign — Tunis Burden. 

April 5, 1805, the name of Seneca county appears; and 
the record gives the following appointments : 

John Tillottson, Brigadier-General of the Militia of the 
counties of Cayuga and Seneca, in Lieutenant-Colonel Will- 
iam Mynder's Regiment. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Daniel Sayre. 

First Major— 'S)Zxn.\xQ\ Baer. 

Second Major— ]esse. Southwick. 

Captains — Joshua Reynolds, Hugh W. Dobbin, Lambert 
Van Alstyne. 

Lieutenants— Robert McClung, Samuel McMath, John 
Waldron, Jacob Chamberlain. 

Ensigns — James Pratt, Josiah Jacobus, John B. Parkhurst. 


Captain — Zebedee Stout. 

Lieutenant — Simon Vreeland. 

April 10, 1805, it is recorded that His Excellency, the 
Commander-in-Chief, thought proper to form all that part 
of General Amos Hall's Brigade, comprehending all that 
part of the County of Ontario lying east of the Fourth Range 
of townships (as surveyed by Phelps & Gorham), excepting 
so much of Number 7 and 8 in the Third Range, as now 
forms a part of the Western Battalion of the late Colonel 
Lee's regiment into a new brigade. 

The following appointments were made: John Swift, 
Brigadier-General; Samuel Dongan, Brigade-Inspector and 
Brigade-Major ; and in General Swift's regiment, from 
which he was thus promoted, were the following : 

Lieutenant-Colonel-Commanding — Philetus Swift.* 

First Major — Parley Phillips. 
- Second Major — Amos Stout. 

Captains — Samuel H. Caldwell, John McMasters. 

Ensign — Peter Perrine. 

* From- the Wayne Sentinel: "Died in Phelps, Ontario county, July 24, 
1838, General Philetus Swift, a Revolutionary patriot, who has held civil 
offices ; an esteemed citizen and an honorable public servant." Philetus Swift 
was a State Senator in 1811 and 1813 ; also in 1813, 1814 and 1815 ; again in 
1817 and 1818. 


March 19, 1806, the following appointments were made: 

Seneca County, in the regiment commanded by William 
Himrod : 

Ensigns — Tunis Swick, Levi Trowbridge, Nathan Ingerson 
and John Gottrey. 

Lieutenant — John Colton. 

In the regiment commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Daniel 
Say re : 

Second Major^-]oT\2i'& Seeley. 

Captain — John Fleming. 

Lieutenants — George Wilkin and James Whitney. 

Ensigns — John Bainbridge, William Stout, Jesse Decker 
and James Piatt. 

Adjutant — Russell Pratt, Jr. 


Captain — William Ireland. 

Lieutenant — John Alexander. 

March 19, 1806, Michael C. Snell of Seneca county was 
appointed Second Lieutenant in the First Battalion of the 
Sixth regiment of Artillery in the State. Also in the Second 
Squadron of the Fifth Division of Cavalry the following 
officers in Seneca county were appointed : 

First Lieutenant — John Arnold. 

Second Lieutenant — Henry Montgomery. 

Cornet — Joshua Tuthill. 

In General John Swift's Brigade the following appointment 
was made : 

Brigade Inspector — Myron Holley. 

And in Colonel Philetus Swift's Regiment of said Brigade : 

Captains — Calvin Bradish, John Newhall and William 

Lieutenants — Noah Turner, David Woodward and Peter 

Ensigns — Ephraim Green and Joel Beeckland. 

Surgeon s Mate — Asahel Ainsworth, 

Quartermaster — Matthew Halliday. 

Colonel Philetus Swift's regiment was divided at this time 
and a new regiment formed with the following officers : 

Lieutenant-Colonel-Commanding — Parley Phillips. 

First Major— ]acoh W. Hallet. 

Second Major — Joseph Colt. 

Adjutant — William Rogers, Jr. 


April 6, 1 807, the militia of the County of Seneca, except 
that part of the county lying east of the inlet of Cayuga 
Lake, were formed into a Brigade, and Williams Mynders 
appointed Brigadier-General ; Charles Thompson, Brigade 

In Lieutenant-Colonel Swift's regiment, Ontario county, 
under the same date, the following appointments were made: 

Second Major — Eleazer Hawkes. 

Captains — Theodore Bannister, Elihu Granger, James M. 
Van Dusen. 

Lieutenants — John Granger, Micliael J. Miller, John Pea- 
cock, Jacob Lusk, John Van Auken. 

Ensigns— ^riOc\\. Morse, John Hickey, Lemuel Bannister, 

In Lieutenant-Colonel Parley Phillips regiment : 

Captains — Edward Durfee, Luke Holbrook. 

Lieutenants — Jonathan Boyington, Peter Harris. 

Ensigns — Samuel Soverhill, Pardon Wilcox, Gilbert Hinck- 


Captain — William Howe Cuyler. 

Lieutenant — Ebenezer Spear. 

Ensign — Noah Fuller. 

Quartermaster — John Russell. 

Paymaster — Levi Ward. 

In Lieut-Colonel Daniel Saj're's regiment of the county 
of Seneca, there were the following appointments under this 
date : 

Second Jlfajors — James Sweet, Lewis Birdsall. 

Captains — Casper Yost, Robert McClung, Samuel Blair. 

Lieutenants — John Phelps, Frederick Kieshlar, Henry 

Ensigns — Samuel Boardman, Michael Hiles, Henry Depew. 


Captain David Southwick. 

Lieutenant — Seth Barnes. 
Ensign — Luther Redfield, 

April 4, 1808— Cavalry, 5th Division, 2d Squadron, county 
of Ontario, in Captain Pierson's Troop. 
First Lieutenant — Edward Waters. 
Second Lieutenant — Elkanah Whitney. 
Cornet — Jehiel Kelsey. 



First Lieutenant — Robert Whitaker. 
Second Lieutenant — James G. Johnson. 
Cornet — ^Jonathan M. Beach. 


Captain — John Arnold. 

First Lieutenant — Henry Montgomery. 

Second Lieutenant — Joshua Tuthill. 

Cornet — Fletcher Matthews. 

June 15, 1808, in General John Swift's brigade, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Philetus Swift's regiment of said brigade : 

First Major — Amos Stout. — — ■ 

Captain — John Brown. 

Lieutenant — Jenks PuUen, Nathan How. 

Ensigns — Jacob Cost, Eleazer Penny, Jacob Westfall, James 
Beard, Andrew Dorsey. 

Surgeon — James Carter. 

June 15, 1808. — In General Mynderse's brigade, county of 
Seneca ; Colonel David Sayre's regiment : 

First Major — James Sweet. 

Second Major — David Dey. 

Ensign — Nicholas Squire. 

Ensign of Riflemen — Joseph S. Barnard. 

June 15, 1808, in Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Graham's 
regiment : 

Lieutenant — Zachariah P- Smeede 

Ensign — James Smith. 


Captain — David Porter. 
Lieutenant — Samuel C. Terry 
Ensign — John Campbell. 


Captain — Jonathan Owens. 
Lieutenant — Levi Eggleston. 
Ensign — John Smith. 


Captain — William Harlow. 
Lieutenaut — John Mack. 
Ensign — Joseph Goodwin. 
Adjutant — James Colegrove. 
Quartermaster — William Lamport. *- 
Paymaster — Alvin Chase. 


November ii, 1808, in Lieutenant-Colonel Philetus Swift's 
regiment, John Peacock was appointed Captain, with rank 
to date from April 6, 1807. 

February 4, 1809, in the 2nd Squadron, 5th Division of 
Cavalry, county of Ontario : 


Ca/itatn^^T>ia.thamel Allen. 

First Lieutenant — Ephraim Cleveland. 

Cornet — Ira Wilder. 


Captain^ — William Wilcox. 

First Lieutenant — Asa Lilly. 

Second Lieutenant-, — James White. 

Cornet — Henry Jessup. 

March 6, 1809, in General Mynderse's Brigade, county of 
Seneca, and Colonel David Sayre's regiment : 

Quartermaster — Severus Swift. 

Paymaster — Charles Woodruff. 

Surgeon — Joseph T. Pitney. 

Second Major — Hugh W. Dobbin. 

Captains — Simeon Bacon, Samuel McMath. 

Lieutenants — Martin Kendig, John Phelps, Josiah Jacobus, 
Luther Redfield. 

Ensigns — Asa Bacon, Jr., John Gamber, Benjamin Moses, 
Sumner Chapman. 

In Lieut.-Colonel Hugh Graham's regiment, same Brigade, 
county of Seneca : 

Adjutant — Herman Camp. 

Quartermaster — Josiah B. Chapman. 

Surgeon — Louis Halsey. 

Captain — Levi Eggleston. 

Lieutenants — Richard Ely, John Smith, John Martin. 

Ensigns — Peter Hager 2nd, Nathaniel Ayers, Amos Cuy- 
kendall, William Christie. 

March 14, 1809, in Lieut.-Colonel Philetus Swift's regi- 
ment, county of Ontario : 

Captain — Daniel Woodward. 

Lieutenants — Joel Buckland, Enoch Morse. 

Ensigns — Thomas Davis, Jeremiah Harrington. 

In the regiment lately commanded by Lieut-Colonel 
Parley Phillips : 


Lieutenant-Colonel — Gilbert Howell. 

First Major — James Galloway. 

Second Major — Calvin Bradish. 

Captains — David White, of Light Infantry ; Joseph Todd, 
Gilbert Hinkley, John Holcomb, Noah Turner; Noah Ful- 
ler, of Riflemen ; GeorgeTDulver. 

Lieutenants — David Hooker, Thomas Young, Stephen 
Douglass, Daniel Poppino, Samuel Jennings ; Stephen 
Chase, of Rifleinen ; Ephraim Green, Samuel Soverhill. 

Ensigns — Thomas Rogers, 2nd ; Bartlett Robinson, of 
Light Infantry ; Zadock Huggins, Jr., Hezekiah Robbins, 
Jonathan M. Adams, William Harwood, Oliver Clark. 

Chaplain — Eleazer Fairbanks. 

In General John Swift's Brigade : 

Brigade Quartermaster — Joseph Coll 

March 21, 1809, in the county of Ontario, a new artillery 
company was formed. 

Captain — Reuben Hart. 

First Lieutenant — John A. Stewart. 

Second Lieutenant — Jonathan Woodbury. 

May 31, 1809, in the county of Ontario, in Lieut.-Colonel 
Asher Saxton's regiment: 

Second Major — Asahel Warner. 

Captain — Manasseh Leach. 

Lieutenant — Ebenezer Leach. 

Ensign — Reuben Moses. 

March 12, 1810, in the county of Ontario, in General John 
Swift's Brigade, a new Battalion of Riflemen was organized : 

First Major — William Howe Cuyler. 

Second Major — Elihu Granger. 

Adjutant — Samuel A. Clesson. 

Quartermaster — Samuel Ledyard. 

Surgeon — William White. 

February 11, 181 1, County of Ontario, a new company of 
artillery was authorized : 

Captain — James Rees. 

First Lieutenant — Ralph T. Wood. 

Second Lieutenant — Joseph W. Rees. 

February 11, 181 1, in Major Wm. H. Cuyler's Battalion 
of Riflemen: 

Second Major — Joseph Hall. 

Captain — Salma Stanley. 

First Lieutenant — Frederick Vandemark. 

Second Lieutenant — William Gray. 


February ii, 1811, in Lieutenant-Colonel Philetus Swift's 
regiment : 

Second Major — Wells Whitmore. ^ 

Captains — Thomas Davis, John Holcomb, Seth Swan. 

Lieutenants — John Snedaker. Jr., Jesse Warner, Jr. 

Ettsigns — Samuel Hildreth. Ebenezer M. Pease,.John Tay- 
lor, Jesse Warner. 

Paymaster — ^Lemuel Bannister, Jr. 

Surgeon — Nathaniel Wilson, Jr. 


Captain — Dan R. Hovey. 
Ensign— ]oshvLai Palmer. 

February 11, 181 1, in Lieutenant-Colonel Gilbert Howell's 
regiment : 

Captains — Otis Turner, William Rogers, Ephraim Green. 

Lieutenants — Barzillai Harvey, William Harwood. 

Adjutant— Thomas Rogers. 

Ensigns— ]ose^)i Terry, Artemas Ward, Joseph Luce, 
Jacob White. 

Surgeons Mate-]oscph Mallery. 

April 10, 181 1, County of Seneca, in Lieutenant-Colonel 
Hugh Graham's regiment : 

Second Major — Aranthus Everts. 

Captains — Richard Ely, Samuel Terry, William Humph- 
rey, John Smith. 

— Lieutenants— ^]ohn Randall, James Smith, John Campbell 
James Miller, Luther Doolittle, Ehas Smith. 

Ensigns— Iszxah Smith, Hezekiah Russell, John Spence 
Joshua L. Covert, 

Adjutant — Nathan Cole. 

April 10, 1811, county of Seneca, in Lieutenant-Colonel 
James Sweet's regiment. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Hugh W. Dobbin. 

First Major — Lambert VanAlstyne. 

Captain — John Phelps. 

Lieutenant — Samuel Boardman. 

Ensign — Jesse B. Boardman. 

April 10, 181 1, County ol Ontario, in Lieutenant-Colonel 
Philetus Swift's regiment : 

Captain Light Infantry — EliasHuU. 

Lieutenant Light Artillery — David Perrine. 

Ensigns— lost.^\i Brown, Orrin Crittenden. 

Lieutenant — Jesse Warner, Jr. 


Jan. 30, 18 12, Elihu Granger was appointed Major Com- 
manding a Battalion of Riflemen in Ontario county. 

Feb. 4, 1812, County of Seneca, in Lieutenant-Colonel 
Hugh W. Dobbin's Regiment. 

Second Major — David Southwick. 

Captain — Luther Redfield. 

Lieutenants — Abraham Knapp, Jacob Doremus, William 

Ensigns — Benjamin Nelson, James Fleming, Simon Chap- 
man, William Ireland, Jr., William B. Dixon. 


Captain —Henry Parker. 
Lieutenant — Thomas W. Rosefelt. 
Ensign — Elias Grow. 
Chaplain — Rev. John Stewart. 

Feb. 29, 1812, County of Ontario, in Lieuienant-Colonel 
Philetus Swift's regiment. 

Second Major — Theodore Bannister. 
Captain — Michael Mussulman. 
Lieutenant — Stephen D unwell. 
Ensign — Samuel Howe. 


Lieutenant — David W. Perrine. 

Ensign — Wm. C. Guest. 

In Lieutenant-Colonel Gilbert Howell's Regiment. 

First Major — Edward Durfee. 

Second Major — Joseph Todd. 

Captains^- AdLTon Durfee, Barzillai Harvey. 

Lieutenant — Stephen Spear. 

Second Lieutenants — Pardon Durfee, Truman Phelps, Enos 

Ensigns — Reuben Adams, Jr., Joseph Richardson, James 
S. Stoddard. 

February 29, 1812, a new battalion was authorized to be 
formed from Colonel Howell's regiment, and officers were 
appointed as follows : 

Major-Commanding — William Rogers, Jr. 
• Adjutant — Russel Whipple. 

Quartermaster — Daniel Hart. 

Paymaster — Samuel Throop.* 

* Samuel Throop's name appears as early as .Tune 12, 1805 ; commissioned 


Surgeon — Joseph Mallery. 

Captains — Daniel Poppino,* Ebenezer Inglesby. 

Lieutenants — Joel Calhoun, Peter Thatcher. 

Ensigns — Joseph Shaft, Jonathan Post. 

February 29, 1812, William Burnet was appointed Briga- 
dier-General, in place of John Swift, resigned. 

May 12, 1812, in Lieut.-Colonel Philetus Swift's regiment, 
numbered the Seventy-first : 

Adjutant — Lemuel Bannister, Jr. 

Paymaster — Jesse Mason. 

Quartermaster- — Asahel Bannister, 

May 23, 1 8 12, County of Ontario, in the Eleventh Regi- 
ment of Infantry, of which Thaddeus Remington, was 
Lieut.-Colonel, John Dwight was appointed Lieutenant. 

In the Seventy-first Regiment, commanded by Lieut.- 
Colonel Philetus Swift, Gardner Wells was appointed Sur- 
geon's Mate. 

May 23, 1812, County of Ontario, in the Battalion of 
Riflemen, commanded by Elihu Granger : 

Captains — Jacob Westfall, Enoch Morse. 

Lieutenants — Harman Granger, Thomas Burnet, Peter 
Westfall, Noble Granger. 

May 23, 1812, in the Seventh Regiment, Third Brigade 
of Artillery : 

Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding— -'W dlter Grieve, Ontario. 

First Major — Samuel Adams, Seneca. 

Adjutant — Joseph H. Rees, Ontario. 

Quartermaster — William Lilly, Ontario. 

Paymaster — William Powell, Ontario. 

Chaplain — Jedediah Chapman, Ontario. 

Captain — John Clark, Seneca. 

First Lieutenant — Elijah Drake, Seneca. 

Second Lieutenant — Zadock Weeks, Seneca. 

May 23, 1 8 12, in the^'Twelfth Regiment of Cavalry, First 
Brigade, County of Ona'rtio : 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Seymour Boughton. 

First Major — Benjamin Parsons. 

Second Major — David Scott. 

Adjutant — Tyrannus Collins. 

Quartermaster — Peter Bowen. 

Paymaster — Edmund A. Trowbridge. 

Surgeon — Thomas Beach. 

* Daniel Poppino, died July 4, 1841, aged sixty-four years 


Captain — Edward Watson. 

First Lieutenant — Elkanah Whitney. 

Second Lieutenant — Jehial Kelsey. 

Cornet — Perez Brown. 

In the Tenth Regiment of Cavalry, First Squadron, 
County of Ontario, a new company : 

Captain — Solomon Kingsley. 

First Lieutenant — Joseph Wilder. 

Second Lieutenant — Joseph Farnum. 

Cornet — Erastus Crosby. 

August II, 1812, County of Seneca, in the Seventh Regi- 
ment of Artillery. 


Captain — John Townsend, Jr. 
First Lieutenant — Ira Clark. 
Second Lieutenant — Solomon Parker. 

In Major Elihu Granger's Battalion of Riflemen, County 
•of Ontario. 


Captain — Nathan Parke. 

Lieutenant — Jared Wilson. 

Ensign — George H. Boughton. 

November 9, 1812, County of Seneca, in the One Hundred 
and Second Regiment of Infantry : 

Captains — Milton Fuller, Caleb Melvin. 

Lieutenants — Asaph Spencer, Timothy Axtell. 

Ensigns — Noah Starr, William Avery. 

March 2, 1814, Seventh Regiment of Artillery, County of 
Ontario : 

Adjutant — William Lilly. 

Quartermaster — Anthony Dey. 

Chaplain — Thomas White. 

Captains — George Goundry, John R. Harris, 

First Lieutenants — William Griffing, Jr., William Hooper. 

Second Lieutenants — David Hall, James Sylandt. 

March 2, 1 8 14, County of Ontario, in the Thirty-ninth 
Regiment, Gilbert Howell, Lieutenant-Colonel commanding : 

Captains — Samuel SoVerhill, James Stoddard, Thomas 
Rogers, Jr. 

Lieutenants — Joseph Luce, Stephen Sherman, Isaac Durfee. 

Ensigns — Silas Pierson, Archer Galloway.Amaziah Raw- 
son, William Reed, Marcus Swift, Calvin Perrin, Ammon 


Lieut, of Light In/anirj—-]ohn H. Crandall. 

Adjutant — Calvin Perrin. 

Quartermaster — Solomon Tice. 

Surgeon's ifa/^— Seymour Scovell. 

Chaplain — Jeremiah Irons. 

County of Ontario, in the Seventy-first Regiment, Lieut- 
Colonel Philetus Swift, commanding : 

First Major — Theodore Bannister. 

Second Major — John Brown. 

Captains — Jenks Pullen, Nathan Howe, John VanAuken. 

Lieutenants — John Taylor, Jr., Jacob Cost, John Albaugh. 

Ensigns — John Hawley, Peter Cook, Andrew Dorsey. 

March 2, 18 14, County of Seneca, Thirty-eighth Brig- 
ade of Infantry. Hugh Graham, Brigadier-General. 

In the One Hundred and Second Regiment of Infantry, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh W. Dobbin, commanding: 

Lieutenant — Benjamin Nelson. 

Ensign — Silas Mills. 


Captain^-Adoni]ah Church. 

Lieutenant — John Hyde. 

Ensign — Norman Sheldon. 

Feb. 3, 1815, His Excellency the commander-in-chief, hav- 
ing reported to the council that during the recess he had 
conferred upon Peter B. Porter the brevet rank of Major- 
General in the Militia of this State in approbation of his gal- 
lantry and services rendered as a Brigadier-General in the 
battles of Chippewa and Bridgewater, and also having 
reported the distinguished conduct of the said Peter B. Por- 
ter in the several encounters which took place with the 
enemy at Erie, it is therefore unanimously 

Resolved, That the said brevet be confirmed, and that the 
said Peter B. Porter be and he is hereby appointed a Major- 
General in the Militia of the State of New York. 

April 6, 181 5, County of Ontario, in the Seventy-first Regi- 
ment of Infantry. 

Theodore Bannister, Lieutenant-Colonel, vice Philetus 
Swift, resigned. 

First Major — John Brown. 

Second Major — Seth Swan. 

Surgeons Mate — Caleb Bannister. 

Captain — John Shekells. 


Lieutenants — Everett Baggerly, William Moore, Abraham 

Ensigns — John Hildreth, Jr., Ambrose Salisbury, George 
Bradford, Jacob M. Shekells. 

In the Thirty-ninth Regiment, Gilbert Howell, Lieutenant- 
Colonel commanding : 

Second Major — David White. 

Surgeon — James White. 

Chaplain — Jeremiah Irons, 

Captains — Joseph Luce, Enos Palmer. 

Captain of Light Infantry — John H. Crandall, 

Lieutenants — Silas Pierson, Amaziah Rawson, Jacob White. 

Ensigns — James Hinckley, Timothy RawsOn, Silas Wilcox. 

County of Ontario, in the Rifle Battalion lately com- 
manded by Elihu Granger: 

Major Commanding — Joseph Hall, 

Adjutant — Jared Willson. 

Surgeon — Richard Taylor. 

Surgeon s Mate — Henry A. Finney. 

Captain — Peter Westfall. 

First Lieutenant — Leman Hotchkiss. 

Second Lieutenant — Nicholas Spoor. 

County of Seneca, in the io2d Regiment, (H. W. Dob- 
bin, Lieutenant-Colonel) : 

Quartermaster — Charles Woodruff. 

Paymaster — Simon Chapman. 

Surgeon — George Elliot. 

Stirgeoi}s Mate — Roderick Roys. 

Lieutenants — Joseph Morris, Jacob Bachman, James H. 
Johnson, Lodowick Dobbin, James VanRiper. 

Ensigns — Stephen Alman, Timothy Ludlum, Garret Arnold, 
William Bull, John Selfridge, Jr., Seth Bacon, James Rora- 
son, Joseph Wade. 

Captains — Asa Bacon, Jr., John Alexander. 

April 6, 181 5, in the Tenth Regiment of Cavalry, in the 
Counties of Seneca and Ontario : 

Captains — Aaron Remer, Asa Lilly. 

First Lieutenants — Ezekiel Roberts, Henry Jessup, Daniel 

Second Lieutenants — Henry Kelsey, Asa R. Swift, Henry 

Cornets — George Rask, James Huggins, David I. Thomas. 

March 22, 1816, County of Ontario, in the Seventh Regi- 
ment of Artillery, a new company : 


Captain — David McNeil. 

First Lieutenant — D wight Partridge. 

Second Lieutenant — Hervey A. Phinney. 

In the Seventy-first Regiment of Infantry : 

First Major — Elias Hull. 

Second Major — Elias Cost. 

Captain — James Beard, Wm. Morse, Abraham Simmons, 

Lieutenants — Ebenezer M. Pease, Ambrose Salisbury. 

Ensigns — Wm. C. Perrine, Elisha Peck. 

March 22, 18 16, in the Thirty-ninth Regiment : 

Lieutenant-Colonel — David White, vice Gilbert Howell. 

First Major — Thomas Rogers, 2d. 

Second Major — James S. Stoddard. 

Q2iarter master — Silas Wilcox. 

Stirgeons Mate — William Peckham. 

Captains — Stephen Spear, Solomon Tice ; Emmons Fuller, 
Light Infantry ; Isaac Durfee, Truman Phelps. 

Lieutenants — William Reid, William Wilcox, Seymour 
Scovill, Reuben Adams ; Joshua S. Terry, Light Infantry. 

Ensigns — Nathaniel H. Beckwith, Robert R. Blackman, 
Uriah Brown, Seth Eddy, Alpheus Harwood, Russel M. 

In Major William Rogers' Battalion of Infantry : 

Second Major — John Holcomb. "^ 

Captain — Dan. R. Hovey. 

Lieutenant — Thomas Wheeler. 

Ensign — Thomas Johnson. 

Quartermaster — Samuel Throop. 

Paymaster — Gardiner Calhoun. 

March 22, 1 816, in Major Joseph Hall's Battalion of Rifle- 
men : 

Second Major — Salma Stanley. 

Surgeon's Mate — Harvey A. Finney. 

First Lieutenant — Noble Granger. 

Second Lieutenant — Jesse Beard. 

Captain — Oliver Granger. 
First Lieutenant — Daniel Failing. 
Second Lieutenant — Isaac Soverhill. 

County of Seneca, in the One Hundred and Second 
Regiment : 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Lambert Van Alstyne. 
First Major — David South wick. 
Second Major — Samuel Blain. 
Chaplain — Shipley Wells. 


Captains — Georee Reading, Jacob Doremus, Samuel 
Boardman, Asahel Gillett, Jr. 

Lieutenants — John Kishler, James Fleming, William Bull, 
Avery Marsh, James Hallett, Joseph Wade. 

Ensigns — Alexander McConnell, William D. Easton, Archi- 
bald Parker, James McGee, Ransom Ward, Peter Aldrich. 

. Captain — Ananias Wells. 
Lieutenant — Beriah Wright. 
Ensign — Valentine Crager. 


Captain — Giles Fitch. 

Lieutenant — Asahel Foster. 

Ensign — John Melvin. 

Captain — John Selfridge, Jr. 

Lieutenants — Sanford Sisson; James Rorison,* of Riflemen. 

Ensigns — Moses Clark; Abraham Closson, of Riflemen. 

In a new Battalion to consist of the companies of Captains 
Fuller, Fitch, Gillett and Selfridge : 

Major Commanding — John Furlong. 

Adjutant — Charles Richards. 

Surgeop. — James Dickson. 

July 8, 1 8 16, in the Seventh Regiment of Artillery, County 
of Ontario : 

Captain — Asahel Morse. 

First Lieutenant — Levi B. Woodward. 

In the Seventy-first Regiment of Infantry : 

Lieutenants — Harwood Bannister, Elisha Peck. 

Ensigns — Benjamin F. Sheldon, Darius Peck. 

March 4, 1817, in the Seventy-first Regiment: 

Adjutant — Asahel Bannister. 

Surgeon — Caleb Bannister. 

Quartermaster — Ezra Jewell. 

Paymaster — Dean Swift. 

Captains — Stephen Dunwell, Jr., John Gilberti, John 

Lieutenants — Samuel Howe, Henry Seymour, Isaac 
Andrews, Andrew Dorsey. 

Ensigns — Archibald Gould, Upton Dorsey, David Han- 
chett, Jonathan S. Butler. 

In the Thirty-ninth Regiment : 

Adjutant — Seymour Scovill. 

L ieu tenani — Lyman Bates. 

* Sheriff of Seneca County. 


Ensigns — Alpheus Harwood, Oliver Durfee, Elisha W. 

Seventh Regiment of Artillery, County of Ontario : 

Captain — William Prentice. 

First Lieutenant — Samuel Boots. 

Second Lieutenant — John DeForest. 

March 4, 1817, County ot Ontario, in Major Joseph Hall's 
Rifle Battalion : 

Lieutenants — Levi Ostrander, Nicholas Spoor, Jesse Beard. 

Ensigns — Benjamin Westfall, John M. Granger. 

County of Seneca, in the I02d Regiment : 

Captains — Benjamin Nelson, Aura Nash, William Bull, 
Alexander McConnell. 

Lieutenants — Silas Mills, James Magee, Archibald Parker, 
James Hicks, Garret Arnold. 

Ensigns — Eleazer P. Mather, Ansel Sherman, William 
Stoffeldt, Lewis Chamberlain, Samuel Dey. 

In Major John Furlong's Battalion of Infantry: 

Paytnaster — Ransom Ward. 

Quartermaster — Uriah Wade. 

Captain — Joseph Wade. 

Lieutenant — Peter Aldrich. 

Ensigns — Chauncey Bishop, David Gates. 

March 4, 1817, in the Twelfth Regiment of Cavalry, 
County of Ontario : 

Captain — Ansel Abbey. 

First Lieutenant — William Frost. 

Second Lieutenant — Hiram Terry. 

Cornet — Solomon Frost. 

April 24, 18 1 8, in the Thirty-Ninth Regiment of Infantry : 

Quartermaster — Nathaniel H. Beckwith. 

Paymaster — Alpheus Harwood. 

Chaplain — Jesse Townsend. 

Ca/?«2«j— Joshua S. Terry, Oliver Durfee, Elisha W.Cobb. 

IJeutenants — Zurial Brown, Wm. C. Robinson, Jacob G. 

Ensigns — Stephen Reeves, 2nd, Samuel Sawyer, George 
Boyington, Frederick U. Sheffield, Orrin White, John 

April 24, 181 8, in the Seventy-First Regiment: 
Quartermaster — Upton Dorsey. 
Surgeons Mate — Jeremiah B. Pierce. 
Captains — Jacob Cost, Samuel Howe. 


Lieutenants — Wm. E. Perrine, Archibald Gold, Jonathan 
S. Butler. 

Ensigns — Wm. H. Price, Thomas E. Dorsey, Chauncey R. 
Johnson, Otho Beal, Alfred Hobbs, Samuel Rossiter. 

In the Battalion lately commanded by Major Willliam 
Rogers, Jr. : 

Major — Daniel Poppino. 

Second Major — Ebenezer Inglesby. 

Captains — Russell Whipple, Peter Thatcher, Thomas 

Lieut€?iants — Gardner Calhoun, Daniel Inman, Thomas 

Ensigns— Amos White, Charles Sabins, Wm. P. Irwin. 

Adjutant — Alfred I. Deming. 

Quartermaster — Russell Cole. 

Paymaster — Holly St. John, Jr. 

Surgeon — Josiah Bennett. 

April 24, 1818, in Major Hall's Battalion of Riflemen, 
County of Ontario : 

Major Commanding — Salma Stanley. 

Second Major — Peter Westfall. 

Adjutant — Castle Sutherland. 

Quartermaster — Horace D.Williams. 

Paymaster — George H. Green. 

Surgeo7is Mate — Cephas A. Parks. 

Captains — Levi Ostrander, Jesse Beard. 

First Lieutenants — Benjamin Westfall, John M. Granger, 
Ami Whitney. 

Second Lieutenants — Joel Chapman, John R. Rozell, Luther 

In the County of Seneca, One Hundred and Second 
Regiment : 

Colonel — Samuel Blain. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Samuel McMath. 

Major — Jacob Chamberlain. 

Adjutant — James Fleming. 

Quartermaster — Samuel Dey. 

Paymaster — Dexter Swift. 

Surgeon — Roderick Royce. 

Surgeon's Mate — Archelaus Gates. 

Captains — Simon Chapman, Timothy Ludlum, James 
Hicks, James Magee. 

Lieutenants — John C. Gates, Seth Baron, James McKnight, 
Lewis Chamberlain, Eleazer P. Mather, Gideon Burch. 

Ensigns — Stephen Allen, John Burton, William W. Dob- 
bin, Daniel Schotts, Chester Dryer, Silas Barton. 


In Major Furlong's Battalion, County of Seneca : 
Captain — David Gates. 
Lieutenant — Warham Sheldon. 
Ensign — William Mudge. 


Captain — Obadiah Adams. 
Lieutenant — William Plank. 
Ensigns— ]&Aq^\si)r. Wilder, Asaph Spencer. 
Coufity of Ontario, Seventh Regiment of Artillery : 
Captain — William Shattick. 
First Lieutenant — Samuel Miller. 
Second Lieutenant — James P. Bartle. 

County of Ontario, in a new Battalion of Riflemen in the 
Thirty-ninth Brigade : 

Major Commanding — William Bacon. 

Captain — James Cowles. 

Lieiitenant — Chauncey Goodrich. 

Ensigns — Timothy Lyon. 

County of Ontario, in the Twelfth Regiment of Cavalry : 

Captain — William Frost. 

First Lieutenant — Hiram Terry. 

Second Lieutenant — Solomon Frost. 

Cornets — Erasmus T. Cummings, Edward Sawyer. 

March 27, 18 19, in a new regimental organization in the 
County of Seneca, consisting of Major John Furlong's Bat- 
talion and part of the One Hundred and Second Regiment, 
and to be denominated the One Hundred and Eighty-sixth: 

Colonel — John Furlong. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — John Self ridge. 

Major — Annanias Wells. 

Captains — Sanford Sisson, Valentine Crager, Jerry G. 

Lieutenants — Moses Clark, Benjamin Hall, Abram Crager, 
Chauncey Bishop, John Woodruff, Joseph Spencer. 

Ensigns — George Thompson, James Covel, Orrin Moore, 
Adonijah H. Fairchild, Ethan W. Allen. 

Seneca County in the Thirty -eighth Brigade of Infantry ; 

Quartermaster — John D. Coe. 

Paymaster — Pierre Barker. 

Judge Advocate — Argill Gibbs. 

Seneca County in the Twenty-first Division of Infantry, 
Samuel Birdsall, Judge Advocate. 


In the One Hundred and Eighty-sixth Regiment of 

Infantry : 


Captain — William Graham. 
First Lieutenant — Matthias D. Coons. 
Second Lieutenant — Richard Trowbridge. 
Ensign — Thomas H. Woodward. 

March 27, 1819, in the Twenty -fourth Brigade of Infantry, 
County of Ontario : 

Brigadier-General — Samuel Colt. 
Judge Advocate — David Hudson. 
Quartermaster — Leman Hotchkiss. 
In the Seventy-first Regiment of Infantry : 

Colonel — Elias Hull. ' 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Elias Cost. 

Major — Jenks PuUen. 

Paymaster — Wm. D. Norton. 

Chaplain — Francis Pomeroy. 

Captains — Isaac Andrews, Wm. E. Perrine, Harwood Ban- 

Lieutenant — David Hanchett. 

Ensigns — James Foster, Wm. H. Price, Abner A. Wells. 

Captain Light hifantry — Henry Seymour. 

Lieutenants — Joseph M. Demmon, Benjamin Sheldon. 

Ensign — Lawrence Stiles. 

In the Thirty-ninth Regiment of Infantry.: 

Adjutant — Nathaniel H. Beckwith. 

Quartermaster — Frederick U. Sheffield. 

Paymaster — Oren White. 

Ensigns — Edward S. Townsend, Collins Turner. 

In the Battalion ot Riflemen, commanded by Major Salma 
Stanley : 

Captaifi— Ami Whitney. 

Lieutenant — Luther Whitney. 

July 8, 1 8 19, Walter Grieve was appointed Brigadier- 

February 17, 1820, in the Seventy -first Regiment: 

Lieutenant Light Infantry — Samuel Rossiter. 

Captains — Alfred Hobbs, Samuel Wright, Elisha Peck, 
Andrew Dorsey. 

Lieutenants — James C. Hows, Wm. H. Price, Abner A. 
Wells, Jacob Moore, Rice Warner, Thomas E. Dorsey. 

Ensigns — Joseph Griffith, Jr., Jeduthan Humphrey, Will- 
iam Stiles, Daniel Hall, Israel Gates, Robert B. Sutton. 


In the Thirty-ninth Infantry : 

Captain of Light Infantry — Zurial Brown. 

Lieutenant of Light Infantry — Stephen Reeves, Wm. P. 
Capron, William Parker. 

Ensigns of Light Infantry — Arnold Brown, Andrew G. 
Low, Ira Hills. 


Captain ^Leicester Robbins. 

Lieutenant — Silas Barton. 

Ensign — Levi Leach. 

In Major Daniel Poppino's Battalion of Infantry : 

Captains — Alfred J. Deming-, Charles Sabins. 

Lieutenants — Wm. P. Irwin, Amos White, Stephen Sabins. 

Ensigns — James Calhoun, Jr., Joel Doolittle, Lorenzo 

Adjutant — Russel Cole. 

Quartermaster — Joseph Eddy. 

Paymaster — Israel Arms. 

In Stanley's Battalion of Riflemen, Ontario County : 

Inspector — Claudius Boughton. 

Paymaster— W\\\\?im Gooding. 

Assistant Hospital Sugeon — Federal Vandenburgh. 

February 17, 1820, Ontario County,Twenty -fourth Brigade, 
David White, was appointed Brigadier-General. 

March 17, 1821, in the One Hundred and Second Regi- 
ment, County of Seneca : 

Colonel — Samuel McMath. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Jacob Chamberlain. 

Major — Lodowick Dobbin. 

Adjutant — Thomas Van Alstyne. 

Quartermaster — John P. Dey. 

Paymaster — Cephas Sheckel. 

Surgeon — Caleb Loring. 

Captains — William W. Dobbin, John H. Kinyon. 

Lieutenants — Aaron Riggs, Sandford Bennett, Philander 

Ensigns — Richard Thornton, Harry Teal, John Fatsinger. 

In the One Hundred and Eighty-sixth Regiment, county 
of Seneca : 

Colonel — John Selfridge. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Charles Richards. 

Major — Obadiah Adams. 

Adjutant — Ransom Ward. 

Paymaster — Reuben Smith. 

Surgeon s Mate — David Arne. 


Captains — Chauncey Bishop, Asaph Spencer, Warham 

Lieutenants — Orrin Moore, Ethan W. Allen. 

Ensigns — Moses F. Collins, Morris Craw^ 

In the One Hundred and Second Regiment : 

Captain of Light Infantry — Benjamin Maltby. 

Lieutenant of Light Infantry — Caleb Fairchild. 

Ensign of Light Infantry — Daniel Mosher. 

March 17, 1821, in the Seventy -first Regiment: 

Captain — Jeduthan Humphrey. 

Lieutenants — Justus Swift, Otho Beal, Moses B. Whit- 
more, Loren Stiles. 

Ensigns — Joseph Hull, Elias W. Frisbie, Eli Dickinson, 
Fairman White. 

Quartermaster — Robert B. Sutton. 

March 17, 1 821, in the Thirty-ninth Regiment of Infantry, 
County of Ontario : 

Colonel — Thomas Rogers, 2nd. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — James S. Stoddard. 

Majo) — Enos Palmer. 

Captains — Amariah Rawson, Archer Galloway, Alexander 
R. Galloway, William Wilcox, Nathaniel H. Beckwith. 

Lieutenants — George Boyington, Andrew G. Low, George 
Beckwith, Ambrose Salisbury, William R. Sanford, Stephen 
McDonald, Halsey B. Scovill. 

Ensigns — William D. Wylie, Maltby Clark, Durfee Chase, 
Horace Hill, Luther Reeves. 

Adjutant — Frederick U. Sheffield. 

Quartermaster — Orrin White. 

Paymaster — Stephen Reeves. 

In Major Peter Westfall's Battalion of Riflemen : 

Captain— Ja.mes Spooner. 

First Lieutenants — Zalmon A. ■ Disbrow, George Van- 

Second Lieutenant — Samuel C. Coddington. 

Adjutant— Horace D. Wilhams. 

Quartermaster — Benjamin Hartwell. 

March 16, 1822, in the Thirty -ninth Regiment-.: 

Lieutenant— ]a.mes H. Center. 

Ensigns — Lebbeus Hammond, David W. Crassey, Asa 
Skinner, Jason R. Coates. 

Surgeon's Mate — Alexander Mclntyre. 

In Major Daniel Poppino's Battalion : 

Second Major— KMred J. Demming. 


In Peter Westfall's Battalion of Riflemen, County of 
Ontario : 

Major Commanding — Bowen Whiting-. 

Adjutant — Marvin Minor. 

Surgeon's Mate — Ellas W. Frisbie. 

Captains — Isaac Soverhill, Zalmon A. Disbrow. 

First Lieutenants — Joshua Chase, Chester Wait. 

Second Lieutenants — Cornelius Scott, Richard S. Cuyler. 

In the Seventy-first Regiment : 

Colonel — Elias Cost. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Jenks Pullen. 

Major — Samuel Howe. 

Quartermaster— -^\Vi\2iXa. Stiles. 

Captain — Zetus T. Swift. 

Lieutenant — Trumbull Granger. 

Ensigns — Morrison Swift, Farnham White. 

March i6, 1822, in the Twenty-fourth Brigade, County of 
Ontario, Thomas Rogers was appointed Brigadier-General. 

The last meeting of the old Council of Appointment was 
held September 16, 1822 ; that body having been abolished 
by the Constitution of 1821. The records of militia appoint- 
ments for the next eight years do not appear to be in the 
office of the Secretary of State, nor in the office of the 
Adjutant-General. General Stonehouse, of the latter depart- 
ment, states that there are no records of appointments there 
prior to 1831 — the commencement of the list which we give 

The interruption in the militia records at Albany is par- 
tially supplied in this county, by the following names taken 
from the rolls of officers as swoi-n in, now on file in the 
County Clerk's office : 



September 29, 1823— James P. Woodard, Colonel, Palmyra 
Nathaniel H. Beckwith, Lieutenant-Colonel, Palmyra 
Stephen McDonald, Robert W. Smith, Captains, Palmyra 

October i, 1823— George N. Williams, Lieutenant, Pal- 

October 3, 1823— William Wilcox, Second Major Pal- 


October 4, 1823 — Orin Lovell, Ensign, Macedon. Horace 
Hill, Captain, Macedon. William D. Wylie, Captain, Onta- 
rio. Isaac Cottrell, Lieutenant, Ontario. Sepharad Baker, 
Ensign, Ontario. 


August 16, 1828 — Elias R. Cook, Major, Sodus. Thomas 
Judson, Quartermaster, Sodus. 

August 25, 1828 — John I. Poppino, Paymaster, Sodus. 

January 6, 1829— Graham H. Chapin, Division Inspector, 
Twenty-second Division, Lyons. 

January 7, 1829 — Samuel Howard, First Lieutenant, Nine- 
teenth Artillery, Lyons. 


1831 — William H. Adams, Brigadier-General, Twenty- 
fourth Brigade, Lyons. 

January 11, 1831 — William P. Irwin, Colonel, Two Hun- 
dred and Forty-Second Regiment, Sodus. 

August 22, 183 1 — Charles H. Tindall, Captain, Sevent)'- 
first Infantry. 

March 26, 1833 — Charles W. Westfall, Adjutant, Seventy- 
first Infantry. 

October 15, 1834 — Darius Gleason, Lieutenant, Seventy- 
first Infantry, Lyons. 

June 13, 1835 — Samuel S. Holmes, Ensign. 

July 16, 1835 — E. B. Price, Major, Second Riflemen. 

August 25, 1835 — James Rogers, Paymaster, Seventy-first. 

1841 — John N. Dewitt, Ensign, Seventy-first. 

from the records of THE adjutant-general's office. 


February 12, 1831 — Lovell Hurd, Captain, Palmyra. 
Nahum Warner, First Lieutenant, Macedon. Ellery Hicks, 
Second Lieutenant, Palmyra. 


February 26, 183T — Ambrose Salisbury, Colonel, Palmyra. 
Durfee Chase, Lieutenant-Colonel, Palmyra. Leman San- 
ford, Major, Palm^'ra. 


February 2, 183 1 — Theodore Partridge, Colonel, Newark. 
Artemas Doane, Lieut.-Colonel, Newark. Samuel T. Hor- 
ton. Major, Palmyra. 



October i, 1830 — John A. Mclntyre, Captain, Sodus. 
John A. Failing, Lieutenant, Sodus. George W. Paddock, 
Ensign, Sodus. 

November 6, 1830 — Jonathan Warner, Ensign, Sodus. 

March i, 1831 — Lyndon A. Knapp, Captain, Sodus, 
Michael Tinklepaugh, Lieutenant, Sodus. Solomon W. 
Van Auken, Ensign, Sodus. 

May 30, 1 83 1 — John P. West, Captain, Williamson. Joseph 
Stolp, Ensign, Williamson. 

May 31, 1831 — Garret Gurnee, Captain, Sodus. Jonathan 
Warner, Lieutenant, Sodus. Wells Fields, Ensign, Sodus. 

September 25, 1830 — Alanson Pratt, Surgeon, Williamson. 
Stephen Fairbanks, Adjutant, Sodus. Alexander B.Williams, 
Paymaster, Sodus. 


September 27, 1830— Charles H Tindall, Captain, Galen. 
David Barrick, Lieutenant, Galen. Embury Ferguson, En- 
sign, Galen. 


June 29, 1 83 1— Norton Eddy, Captain, Marion. Asahel 
Clark, Lieutenant, Marion. Elias Braman, Ensign, Marion. 

July 2, 1 83 1— Thomas 1. Spaulding, Captain, Arcadia. 
Timothy Baker, Lieutenant, Arcadia. George W. Scott, 
Ensign, Arcadia. 


July 9, 1831— Benjamin Atwater, First Lieutenant, Will- 
iamson. Henry R. Phelps, Second Lieutenant, Williamson. 

July 23. 1 83 1— James D. Ford, Captain, Arcadia. Daniel 
T. Hughes, Second Lieutenant, Arcadia. 

July 26, 1831— EsbonBlackmar, Quartermaster, Arcadia. 
Clark Robinson, Paymaster, Palmyra. 

August 13, 1831— Aaron H. Boylan, Captain, Lyons. 
Matthew Snider, First Lieutenant, Lyons. John Gilbert 
Cornet, Lyons. ' 


August 6 1831— Ashley G. Danielson, First Lieutenant, 
Newark. Jacob Keller, Second Lieutenant, l^ewark. 


May 21, 1 83 1— Amos Robinson, Captain, Palmyra. John 
Hurlburt, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

, 4i'?y^l3, 1 83 1— Elias Brayman, Lieutenant, Marion. Wm. 
L. Hall, Ensign, Marion. 



December 31, 1831 — John Condit, Colonel, Clyde. John 
Center, Lieutenant-Colonel, Butler. 

March 17, 1832 — Harmon Bevere, Captain, Butler. Ethan 
B. Kellogg, Lieutenant. 

March 24, 1832 — George E. Dill, Ensign. Wolcott. 

April 7, 1832 — Richard Wood, Captain, Galen. Otho D. 
Beadle, Lieutenant, Galen. William Perkins, Jr., Ensign, 
Galen. William S. Mallory, Ensign, Galen. 

December i, 1832 — Jabez S. Lamoreaux, Major, Clyde. 

February 2, 1833 — Otho D. Beadle, Captain, Galen. 
Eleazer R. Bruin, Lieutenant, Galen. 

February 16, 1833 — George E. Dill, Captain, Wolcott. 
Isaac M. Hoppin, Ensign, Wolcott. 

February 23, 1833 — ^John H. Baldwin, Lieutenant, Huron. 
Joshua J. Perry, Ensign, Huron. ' 

July 13, 1833 — Chauncey B. Collins, Adjutant, Rose. Niel 
F. Butterfield, Quartermaster, Wolcott. Luther S. Field, 
Paymaster, Galen. John Center, Colonel, Butler. Jabez S. 
Lamoreaux, Lieutenant-Colonel, Clyde. Harvey Gray, 
Major, Rose. 

July 20, 1833 — Ira Merrick, Captain, Rose. Henry Gra- 
ham, Lieutenant, Rose. 


September 24, 1831 — James T. Wisner, Captain, Huron. 
Nathan Pierce, First Lieutenant, Wolcott. Joseph B. Roe, 
Second Lieutenant, Butler. Lucius M. Moore, Cornet, 

January 10, 1832 — Esbon Blackmar, Adjutant, Arcadia. 
Horatio N. Loom is, Surgeon, Palmyra. George E. Pom- 
eroy. Quartermaster, Palmyra. 

January 13, 1832 — Edmond B. Bill, Inspector, Second 
Brigade Riflemen, Arcadia. 

August 2, 1832 — Daniel T. Hughes, Captain, Newark. Lib- 
erty N. Shaw, First Lieutenant, Arcadia. 

August 18, 1832 — Samuel T. Horton, Colonel, Palmyra. 
Lovell Hard, Major, Palmyra. Henry R. Phelps, First 
Lieutenant, Williamson. George A. Eadus, Second Lieu- 
tenant, Sodus. Charles Redlield, Cornet. 

August 28, 1832 — Nahum Warner, Captain, Macedon. Ele- 
ry Hicks, First Lieutenant, Palmyra. Gardner Archer, 
Second Lieutenant, Palmyra. James Jenner, Cornet, Palmyra. 

September 7, 1833 — Edmund T. Aldrich, Captain, New- 
ark. Reuben B. Fairchild, First Lieutenant, Newark. John 
W. Codman, Cornet, Arcadia. 




September lo, 1831 — James McElwain, Ensign, Lyons. 

September 10, 1831 — Rensselaer Merchant, Captain, Lyons. 
Levi Lane, Lieutenant, Lyons. Benjamin Carll, Jr., En- 
sign, Lyons. 

July 5, 1832 — James McElwain, Lieutenant, Lyons. 
Simon V. W. Stout, Ensign, Lyons. 

April 14, 1832— Henr}' C. Murphy, Lieutenant, Lyons. 
Leonard C. Newkirk, Ensign, Lyons. 

September 25, 1830 — Henry Murphy, Ensign, Lyons. 

November 3, 1832— Robert Holley, Captain, Lyons. 

November 10, 1832 — Bartlett R. Rogers, Lieut.-Colonel, 
Lyons. David Adams, Major, Lyons. 

November 24, 1832 — James McElwain, Captain, Lyons. 
Simon V. W. Stout, Lieutenant, Lyons. Ephraim J. Whit- 
ing, Ensign, Lyons. 

January 17, 1833 — George W. Towar, Quartermaster, 

February 9, 1833 — Levi Lane, Captain, Lyons. Luther 
Lane, Lieutenant, Lyons. 


May 21, 1832 — Lyman Reeves, Captain, Palmyra. Dennis 
Clark, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Jacob P. Bryant, Ensign, 

June '26, 1832 — Christopher E. Thayer, Lieutenant, Pal- 
myra. Welcome Ackley, Ensign, Palmyra. 

June 13, 1832— Durfee Osband, Captain, Macedon. Levi 
Camburn, Jr., Lieutenant, Macedon. Lemuel Durfee, Ensign, 
Macedon. Aminadab Coon, Ensign, Palmyra. 

August 18, 1832 — Bailey Durfee, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 
Samuel S. Barker, Ensign, Palmyra. 

September 10, 1832 — Erasmus D. Robinson, Adjutant, 
Palmyra. Samuel T. Horton, Paymaster. 

July 13, 1833 — Welcome Ackley, Captain, Palmyra. Jehial 
Todd, Ensign, Palmyra. 

July 23, 1833 — Charles McNiel, Lieutenant, Arcadia. 
Edmund T. Aldrich, Ensign, Arcadia. 


September 12, 1829 — John Colburn, Captain, Rose. Tunis 
Woodruff, Ensign, Rose. 

September 4, 1830 — Smith Bartlett, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

July I, 1831 — Collins Wells, Ensign, Sodus. 

September 16, 1831 — Seth Wood, Captain, Macedon. 
George Steele, Lieutenant, Macedon. Hamilton Smith, 
Ensign, Walworth. 



May 10, 1 83 1 — John W. Sherman, Captain, Palmyra. Mer- 
ritt Sherman, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Lyman H. Tiffany, 
Ensign, Palmyra. 

February 7, 1832 — John Mills, Ensign, Rose. 

March 24, 1832 — Joseph W. Gates, ^Lieutenant, Ontario. 
David Leighton, Ensign, Ontario. 

July 8, 1832 — Clark Bartlett, Captain, Lyons. John O. 
Vorse, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

July 14, 1832 — Lawrence R. Stansell, Lieutenant, Arcadia. 
Austin Jessup, Ensign. 

August 5, 1832 — Joseph W. Gates, Captain, Ontario. 
David Leighton, Lieutenant, Williamson. Moses B. Russell, 
Ensign, Williamson. 

August 10, 1832 — Enoch Granger, Colonel, Sodus. 
Thomas Judson, Lieutenant-Colonel, East Ridge. James 
Stansborough, Major, Arcadia. 

August 10, 1832 — Charles Mason, Adjutant, Clyde. 
Charles Volney Dyer, Quartermaster, Newark. Lawrence 
Palmer, Paymaster, Lyons. David C. Higgins, Surgeon, 
Williamson. Wm. M. Smith, Surgeon's Mate, Clyde. 

August 18, 1832 — Ira Stansborough, Captain, Arcadia. 

September 3, 1832 — Henry Price, Ensign, Walworth. 

July 6, i833^David Leighton, Captain, Marion. Joseph 
Fisk, Lieutenant, Marion. 

July II, 1833 — John Mills, Captain, Savannah. Russell 
Cobb, Ensign, Savannah. 

July 19, 1833 — Charles Volney Dyer, Adjutant, Newark. 
George W. Tillottson, Quartermaster, Sodus. Albert P- 
Bannister, Paymaster, Lockville. 

August 3, 1833 — James S. Crosby, Paymaster, Lockville. 


William Johnson, Lieutenant-Colonel, Williamson. Hiram 
Mann, Surgeon, Sodus. Job G. Littlefield, Surgeon's Mate, 
Ontario. Martin Miner, Chaplain, Sodus. George W. Pad- 
dock, Lieutenant, Sodus. Josiah D. Dunning, Lieutenant, 
Sodus. Abram Onderdonk, Ensign, Sodus. 

January 5, 1833 — Hosea Gage, Captain. Ontario. Mark 
N. Speller, Lieutenant, Ontario. Jonathan Gage, Ensign, 

January 12, 1833 — WiUiam Johnson, Colonel, Williamson. 
Cephas Moody, Lieut.-Colonel, Williamson. Levi Smith, 
Major, Huron. 

January 26, 1833 — Joseph L Sebring, Captain, Huron. 
Asa T. Wilder, Lieutenant, Huron. James Sebring, Ensign, 



January 24, 1833— Hiram Gallup, Captain, Williamson. 
April 5, 1834 — Josiah D. Dunning, Captain, Sodus. Wells 
Field, Lieutenant, Sodus. Thomas Gardner, Ensign, Sodus. 
April 19, 1834 — Edward Sears, Captain, Wolcott. 


August 18, 1832 — William Knickerbocker, Lieutenant, 


August 6, 1833 — James P- Horton, Quartermaster, Pal- 
myra. George W. Anderson, Paymaster, Palmyra. 

August 15, 1833 — Bailey Durfee, Captain, Palmyra. Mor- 
gan T. Ingersoll, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

August 18, 1833 — George S. Bancroft, Captain, Walworth. 
Joseph Peacock, Lieutenant, Walworth. Ira Bailey, En- 
sign, Walworth. 

September 4, 1833 — Albert Thompson, Surgeon, Arcadia. 
Horace N. Teall, Surgeon's Mate, Arcadia. 

September 7, 1833 — Jacob Howell, Ensign, Lyons. 

February 15, 1834 — Hazard W. Rogers, Lieutenant, Pal- 

May 9, 1834 — Durfee Chase, Colonel, Palmyra. Leman 
Sanfo'rd, Lieutenant-Colonel, Marion. Lyman Reeves, Ma- 
jor, Palmyra. James P. Horton, Adjutant, Palmyra. 

May 10, 1834 — Samuel B. Randall, Paymaster, Palmj'ra. 
George W. Anderson, Quartermaster, Palmyra. 

May 31, 1834 — Stephen P. Seymour, Ensign, Palmyra. 

July 7, 1834 — Charles McNiel, Captain, Newark. Lewis 
J. Benton, Lieutenant, Newark. Almerin Dunwell, Ensign, 

June 28, 1834 — Daniel G. Finch, Captain, Palmyra. 
Jehial Todd, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Wm. G. Gardner, En- 
sign, Palmyra. 


August 31, 1833 — Clark Bartlett, Major, Lyons. John O. 
Vorse, Captain, Lyons. James Rice, Lieutenant, Lyons. 
Ephraim B. Price, Ensign, Lyons. 

September 28, 1833 — Clark Bartlett, Lieutenant-Colonel. 
Lyons. Merritt Sherman, Captain, Palmyra. Alonzo Sib- 
ley, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

January 10, 1834 — Adam Tinklepaugh, Major, Sodus. 

August 21, 1833, Albert G. Bannister, Quartermaster, 
Arcadia. James M. Jameson, Paymaster, Lyons. 

September 20, 1833 — Joseph Kilpatrick, Chaplain, Arcadia. 



February 8, 1834— Eleazer Bruin, Captain, Clyde. Spen- 
cer Clark, Lieutenant, Galen. 

May 12, i834~George Doolittle, Ensign, Butler 

July 12, 1834— Ira Merrick, Colonel, Rose. 

July 19, 1834— John O. Fitch, Ensign, Wolcott. 

July 21, 1834 — Ethan B. Kellogg, Captain, Butler. George 
Doolittle, Lieutenant, Butler. Ammon Daniels, Ensign, 
Butler. ^ 

July II, 1855 — John H. Baldwin, Captain, Huron. Ros- 
well P. P. Johnson, Lieutenant, Huron. 

July 25, 1885 — James Smith, Captain, Wolcott. Charles 
W. Reed, Lieutenant, Wolcott. Merritt Woodruff, Ensign, 

July 28, 1835 — George Seelye, Quartermaster, Rose. 
James M. Willson, Surgeon, Huron. Martin Lazalier, Pay- 
master, Wolcott. 

August 15, 1835 — Zachariah Graham, Lieut.-Colonel, 
Huron. Garry Burnham, First Major, Savannah: 

August 20, 1836 — Harry Abbott, Ensign, Huron. 


August 22, 1833 — Joseph B. Roe, Captain, Butler. Lucius 
M. Moore, Second Lieutenant, Galen. Thomas J. Whiting, 
Ensign, Galen. 

May 25, 1833 — James Jenner, Captain, Palmyra. George 
Hathaway, Cornet, Palmyra. 

May 10, 1834 — John Whittese, Cornet, Arcadia. 

June 14, 1834 — Jeremiah Nottingham, First Lieutenant, 
Palmyra. George Hopkins, Second Lieutenant, Palmyra. 
Nelson Lapham, Cornet, Palmyra. 

July 25, 1835 — James jenner. Colonel, Palmyra. 

July 30, i'835 — Ezra W. Acer, Paymaster, Palmyra. 

August 8, 1835 — Peter Van Allen, Cornet, Palmyra. 

August 22, 183s — Eli D. Carey, Second Lieutenant, Pal- 

September I, 1835 — Jacob L Delamater, Surgeon's Mate, 

September i, 1835 — Adam H. Henion, Adjutant, Palmyra, 
Ezra R. Curtiss, Quartermaster, Palmyra. 

September 15, 183S — Jeremiah Nottingham, Captain, Pal- 
myra. Joseph F. Lippincott, First Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

February 27, 1836 — Lucius M. Moore, Captain, Butler. 
Lewis H. Lounsbury, First Lieutenant, Rose. Russell F. 
Cleveland, Second Lieutenant, Wolcott. George W. Mer- 
rick, Cornet, Rose. 



March 1 5, 1 836 — Joseph Riggs, Captain, Lyons. Ebenezer 
R. Hoag, First Lieutenant, Galen. Andrfew Everhart, Second 
Lieutenant, Lyons. 

July 16, 1836 — Eli B. Carey, Captain, Williamson. George 
W. Miller, Second Lieutenant, Williamson. 


October 23, 1833 — Philander Brooks, Ensign, Savannah. 


June 27, 1833 — W. Lusk, First Lieutenant, Newark. 
Jul)' 30, 1835 — John Daggett, Major, Newark. 
August 5, 1835 — Heman Bostwick, Captain, Arcadia. 
Walter L. Smith, First Lieutenant, Arcadia. 


June 15, 1833 — Henry R. Phelps, Captain, Williamson. 
Charles Redfield, First Lieutenant, Sodus. Cyrus Van- 
Winkle, Cornet, Williamson. 

August 13, 1833 — George E. Pomeroy, Adjutant, Newark. 
Clark Robinson, Quartermaster, Palmyra. Joseph R. Mace, 
Chaplain, Palmyra, ^ 

June 6, 1834 — Joseph Peacock, Captain, Walworth. Horace 
M. Straight, Lieutenant, Walworth. Nicholas Peacock, 
Ensign, Walworth. 

June 24, 1834 — Wm. F. Bradish, Captain, Macedon. 
Cephas Foster, Ensign, Palmyra. 

Lovell Hurd, Colonel, Palmyra. Esbon Blackmar, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, Newark. Elias Matthews, Major, Palmyra. 


July 19, 1834 — Cephas Foster, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Ed- 
mund Chase, Ensign, Manchester. Samuel B. Randall, 
Quartermaster, Arcadia. Enoch C. Cosart, Paymaster, 

November 8, 1834 — William' L. Hall, Captain, Marion. 
David Hosmer, Lieutenant, Marion. 

March 11, 1835 — Jacob Howell, Captain, Palmyra. Myron 
Spalding, Lieutenant, Palmyra. James Reeves, Ensign, 

May 28, 1836 — Uriah Mallory, Ensign, Macedon. 

June 23, 1836 — WiUiam H. Hecox, Paymaster, Lyons. 

July 23, 1836 — George I. Jessup, Captain, Palmyra. Festus 
A. Goldsmith, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Henry Fenton, Ensign, 

August 6, 1836 — David Glossender, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 
William Foster, Ensign, Palmyra. 



April 15, 1834— Collins Wells, Captain, Sodus. William 
Pullen, Ensign, Sodus. 

May 17, 1834— Russell Cobb, Lieutenant, Savannah. 
Wm. rowers, Ensign, Galen. 

July 14, 1834— Adam Tinklepaugh,Colonel, Sodus. Charles 
V. Dyer, Major, Newark. 

September 6, 1834 — Moses B. Russell, Lieutenant, William- 
son. Wm. Bradley, Ensign, Williamson. 

September 6, 1834 — James Price, Captain, Lyons. Milton 
Curtis, Lieutenant, Lyons. Samuel S. Holmes, Ensign, 

April 15, 1834 — Collins Wells, Captain, Sodus. William 
Pullen, Ensign, Sodus. 

May 22, 1835 — Moses R. Russell, Captain, Marion. Will- 
iam Bradley, Lieutenant, Williamson. Israel Leighton, En- 
sign, Marion. 

July 25, 1835 — Milton Curtiss, Captain, Lyons. James M. 
Thornton, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

Wells Field, Captain, Sodus. Thomas Gardner, Lieu- 
tenant, Sodus. Absalom Taylor, Ensign, Sodus. Alexander 

B. Williams, Adjutant, Sodus. Artemas Ward, Captain, 
Macedon. William Clapp, Lieutenant, Macedon. Jacob 
Sumner, Ensign, Macedon. Edmund Chase, Lieutenant, 
Palmyra. John A. Fisk, Ensign, Palmyra. David Gloss- 
ender. Ensign, Palmyra. 

August 15, 1835 — Jesse H. Green, Ensign, Sodus. Oliver 

C. Brown, Captain, Sodus. 

June 13, 1835 — George Van« Lone, Captain, Ontario. 
Henry M. Sabin, Lieutenant, Ontario. William Norton, 
Ensign, Ontario. 

August I, 1835 — William Clark, Adjutant, Sodus. 

August 18, 1835 — Richard H. Lawrence, Quartermaster, 

August I, 1836 — Jabez Proseus, Paymaster, Sodus. 

June 10, 1837 — Stephen J. Thorn, Captain, Newark. 
Nelson Burleigh, Lieutenant, Newark. Harrison VanAuken, 
Ensign, Newark. . 


July 7, 1834 — Lewis Carlisle, Surgeon's Mate. 

August 23, 1834 — David Gleason, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

August 1 1, 183s — Lucas Hubbell, Chaplain, Lyons. James 
Rogers, Paymaster. 

August 24, 1855 — David Barrick, Captain, Galen. Em- 
bury Ferguson, Lieutenant, Galen. Ira Ford, Ensign, 



Sept. 4, 1835 — William Akenhead, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

April 23, 1836 — Benjamin Carl, Jr., Captain, Lyons. Enoch 
Carl, Lieutenant, Arcadia. David Holdridge, Ensign, Lyons. 

July 2, 1836 — Ira Ford, Lieutenant, Galen. George B. 
Ferguson, Ensign, Galen. 

July 2, 1836 — Simon V. W. Stout, Captain, Lyons. Lucas 
W. Larue, Lieutenant, Lyons. John Layton, Ensign, Lyons. 


April 13, 1837 — Jeremiah Nottingham, Lieut.-Colonel, 
Port Gibson. 

August 25, 1836 — Nelson Lapham, Quartermaster, Pal- 
myra. Lewis Riggs, Comet, Lyons. 


April 5, 1834 — Joeiah D. Dunning, Captain, Sodus. Wells 
Field, Lieutenant, Sodus. Thomas Gardner, Ensign, Sodus. 

August 23, 1834-^Lewis Nichols, Lieutenant, Williamson. 
Henry L. Fish, Ensign, Sodus. Sidney Wright, Surgeon's 
Mate, Williamson. 

January 17, 1835 — Joseph Stolp, Captain, Williamson. 
Ezekiel Lewis, Lieutenant, Williamson. Benjamin Nichols, 
Ensign, Williamson. Andrew Weaver, Captain, Sodus. 

March 7, 1835 — ^ Cephas Moody, Colonel, Williamson. 
John Cottrell, Lieutenant-Colonel, Williamson. George W. 
Paddock, Major, Sodus. 

March 21, 1835 — Joseph Granger, Jr., Ensign, Williamson. 
Daniel Poppino, Quarterr^aster, Williamson. Jerry C. Rog- 
ers, Paymaster, Sodus. Requa H. Lee, Chaplain, Sodus. 

April 4, 1835 — Abraham Onderdonk, Captain, Sodus. Enos 
Coleman, Lieutenant, Sodus. Harry Osborn, Ensign, Sodus. 

March 19, 1835 — Stillman Fuller, Captain, Ontario. Cyrus 
Thatcher, Lieutenant, Ontario. Enos Hopkins, Ensign, On- 

April 16, 1836 — Cyrus Thatcher, Captain, Ontario. Enos 
Hopkins, Lieutenant, Ontario. Joseph Middleton, Ensign. 

June 7, 1836 — Joseph C. Young, Lieutenant, Sodus. Clark 
W. Knapp, Ensign, Sodus. Augustus A. Phelps, Quarter- 
master, Williamson. 

July 1 7, 1 836 — James K. Richardson, Captain, Sodus. Levi 
McCarty, Ensign, Sodus. 

October 8, 1836 — Charles D. Gilbert, Lieutenant, William- 

October 28, 1836 — Edward W. Sentell, Paymaster, Sodus. 
William Green, Surgeon's Mate, Sodus. 



June 21, 1837— John Cottrell, Colonel, Williamson. Alex- 
ander B. Williams, Lieut.-Colonel, Sodus. James K. Rich- 
ardson, Major, Sodus. William Green, Surgeon, Sodus. 

July 19, 1837— Thomas Gardner, Captain, Sodus. George 
F. Myers, Lieutenant, Sodus. Joseph A. Phelps, Adjutant, 
Williamson. Edward W. Sentell,* Quartermaster, Sodus. 
Charles P. Moody, Paymaster, Williamson. William Usher, 
Surgeon's Mate, Sodus. 


July 4, 1835— Elijah P. Hudson, Aid, Newark. George C. 
Mills, Pa3'master, Newark. 

August I, 1836 — William Hunter, Hospital Surgeon, 

June 30, 1837 — Edmund B. Bill, Brigadier-General, 


June 14, 1836 — Darrow Lay, Lieutenant, Savannah. Isaiah 
M. Tripp, Ensign, Savannah. 


August 30, 1836 — Sidney Watkins, Captain, Clyde. John 
W. Schermerhorn, Lieutenant, Clyde. James Humiston, 
Ensign, Clyde. 

August 19, 1836 — Harvey Closs, Ensign, Rose. 

August 3, 1836 — Martin Lazalier, Quartermaster, Wol- 
cott. Jesse O. Wisner, Paymaster, Rose. 


August 23, 1836 — Samuel Cole, Captain, Lyons. John V. 
Shaver, Ensign, Lyons. 

September 8, 1836 — Henry Murphy, Captain, Lyons. 
Leonard Newkirk, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

June 13, 1837 — James Rogers, Quartermaster, Lyons. 
George W. Perrine, Surgeon's Mate, Lyons. 

July 14, 1837— Thomas J. Nind, Ensign. Lyons. 


May 9, 1837 — Vincent L Barney, Major-General, Newark. 
August 10, 1837 — Wm. H. Sisson, Paymaster, Lyons. 

*Edward W. Sentell was subsequently appointed Captain of an artillery com 
pany by Governor Wm. L. Marcy, with rank from October 9, 1837, Lieut.- 
Colonel of the Two Hundred and Forty-second Infantry, May 28, 1843, by 
Governor Wm. H. Seward ; Colonel, June 32, 1844, by Governor Wm. C. 
Bouck. He tendered his resignation July 11, 1845. It was accepted by 
Brigadier-General George Wagener, August 9, 1845. 



March 15, 1837 — William H. Hecox, Quartermaster, 
June 27, 1837 — William M. Myers, Aid-de-Camp, Palmyra. 


November 30, 1836 — William H. Hecox, Quartermaster, 

April 17, 1837— Geqrge G. Jessup, Judge-Advocate, Pal- 
myra. Mason D. Foster, Hospital Surgeon, Manchester. 
Samuel B. Randall, Quartermaster, Palmyra. Lester O. 
Godard, Paymaster, Macedon. Nelson Drake, Aid-de- 
Camp, Palmyra. 

May 9, 1837 — William J. Gardner, Inspector, Palmyra. 


January 21, 1837 — Lewis I. Benton, Captain, Arcadia. 
George W. Middleton, Lieutenant, Newark. 

April 13, 1837 — Leman Sandford, Colonel, Marion. 
Lyman Reeves,* Lieutenant-Colonel, Palmyra. Bailey Dur- 
fee. Major, Palmyra. 

June 13, 1837 — Henry Jessup, Jr., Quartermaster, Wal- 
worth. Edwin P. Godard, Paymaster, Palmyra. 

July 8, 1837 — Festus A. Goldsmith, Captain, Palmyra. 
Wm. S. Frary, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Richard Ford, Ensign, 

July 29, 1837 — Enoch C. Cosart, Adjutant, Palmyra. 

August 2, 1837 — Uriah Mallory, Captain, Macedon. Peter 
S. Thurston, Lieutenant, Macedon. Walter O. Wakeman, 
Ensign, Macedon. 

August 16, 1837 — Lorenzo Parker, Paymaster, Palmyra. 
Lucius Clark, Surgeon's Mate, Marion. 

January 20, 1838 — William S. Frary, Captain, Palmyra. 
Richard Ford, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Nelson Sherman, En- 
sign, Palmyra. 

•March 3, 1838 — John Whitbeck, Lieutenant, Newark. 

March 20, 1838 — James Rogers, Adjutant, Lyons. 

June 9, 1838 — James Reeves, Captain, Palmyra. Silas H. 
Culver, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Volney Brown, Ensign, 

* Lieutenant-Colonel Lyman Reeves was subsequently promoted Colonel, 
November 3, 1839, and in September, 1841, Brigadier-General. His stafE con- 
sisted of Oliver H. Palmer, Judge Advocate ; James Peddle, Brigade Surgeon ; 
John Partridge, Paymaster ; Henry J. Foster, Quartermaster ; George Harri- 
son, Aid-de-Camp ; Samuel B. Randall, Brigade Major. General Reeve's pre- 
decessors as Brigadier-Generals for a few years before, were General Leman 
Sanford, General Durfee Chase, and General John A. Granger. His successor 
was General George Wagoner, of Penn Yan. 



July 14, 1838 — Almon Green, Captain, Macedon. 

April 27, 1839 — Jolin D. McComb, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

August 20, 1839— Frederick D. Rogers, Quartermaster, 

July 20, 1839 — Simon Miller, Lieutenant, Marion. Willis 
Clark, Captain, Marion. 

Sept. 7, 1839 — William Wilcox, Ensign, Marion. 

July 27, i839--Darius Davenport, Lieutenant, Macedon. 
Marvin Thurston, Ensign, Macedon. 


July I, 1837— Peter Van Allen, Second Lieutenant, Arca- 
dia. Franklin Lakey, Cornet, Palmyra. 

July 22, 1837 — Russell F. Cleveland, Captain, Wolcott. 
George W. Merrick, Second Lieutenant, Rose. Nathan W. 
Thomas, Cornet, Rose. 

August 19, 1837 — George W. Miller, First Lieutenant, 
Williamson. William L. Miller, Second Lieutenant, Sodus. 
Charles Tucker, Cornet, Marion. 

August 23, 1837 — Gilbert Howell, First Lieutenant, Pal- 
myra. Nicholas MilUman, Second Lieutenant, Macedon. 

July 22, 1837 — Russell F. Cleveland, Captain, Wolcott. 
George W. Merrick, Second Lieutenant, Rose. Nathan W. 
Thomas, Cornet 

August 19, 1837 — George W. Miller, First Lieutenant, Will- 
iamson. William L. Miller, Second Lieutenant, Sodus. 
Charles Tucker, Cornet. Marion. 

August 23, 1837 — Gilbert Howell, First Lieutenant, Pal- 
myra. Nicholas Milliman, Second Lieutenant, Macedon. 

June 30, 1838 — Lewis Riggs, Captain, Lyons. Edward 
Near, First Lieutenant, Galen. Samuel P. Lake, Second 
Lieutenant, Galen. Zina Hooker, Cornet, Galen. 

July 4, 1838 — George W. Merrick,. Captain, Rose. Nathan- 
iel W. Thomas, First Lieutenant, Rose. Daniel Brinkerhoff, 
Second Lieutenant, Wolcott. Philo B. Sheldon, Cornet, 

July 14, 1838 — George W. Miller, Captain, Williamson. 
William S. Miller, First Lieutenant, Sodus. Horace C. 
Maynard, Second Lieutenant, Williamson. 

June 23, 1838 — Joseph Riggs, Lieutenant-Colonel, Lyons. 
Eli S. Cary, Major, Clyde. 

June 30 1838 — Jacob J. Delamater, Surgeon, Palmyra. 
Charles A. Thompson, Surgeon's Mate, Palmyra. 

September 2, 1838 — Peter Van Allen, First Lieutenant, 
Arcadia. John Hagerman, Second Lieutenant, Arcadia. 
Simeon Cronise, Cornet, Arcadia. 


August II, 1837 — Edwin P. Godard,,Hospital Surgeon, 



April I, 1837 — Heman Bostwick, Major, Newark. 
July 6, 1837— Walter L. Smith, Captain, Arcadia. 
July 25, 1839— David ^- K^^eler, Captain, Newark. Allen 
Robinson, First Lieutenant, Arcadia. 


August 5, 1837— Henry Abbott, Captain, Huron. Enos 
Andrews, Lieutenant, Huron. Levi Paddock, Ensign, Huron. 

September 12, 1837— Garry Burnham, Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Savannah. George Seelye, Major, Rose. 

September 21, 1837 — Garry Burnham, Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Savannah. George Seelye, Major, Rose. 

August 19, 1838— Charles W. Reed. Captain, Wolcott. 
Wm. H. Sabin, Lieutenant, Wolcott. 

July 21, 1838— David P. Caston, Captain, Wolcott. Dan- 
iel Dowd, Lieutenant, Huron. 

August 27, 1839 — Henry N. Spencer, Lieutenant, Wolcott. 
Otis Reed, Ensign, Wolcott. 

Sept. 7, 1839 — Garry Burnham, Colonel, Savannah. George 
Seelye, Lieutenant-Colonel, Rose. Charles W. Reed, Major, 

July 27, 1839 — John North, Captain, Savannah. Stephen 
Tallman, Lieutenant, Savannah. Daniel E. Campbell, En- 
sign, Savannah. 

August 29, 1839 — ^Jesse O. Wisner, Adjutant, Huron. 
Edward Cox, Surgeon's Mate, Butler. John C. White, 
Paymaster, Wolcott. 


July 21, 1837 — Alonzo' M. Winchester, Lieutenant, Sodus. 

December 18, 1837 — Charles P. Moody,* Quartermaster, 
Williamson. Edward L. Phelps, Paymaster, Williamson. 

December 30, 1837 — George Convers, Lieutenant, Sodus. 

January 13, 1838 — James Case, Ensign, Sodus. 

August 18, 1838 — Calvin Cross, Ensign, Williamson. 

December 12, 1838 — Alonzo M. Winchester, Captain, 
Sodus. James Case, Lieutenant, Sodus. John G. Kelley, 
Ensign, Sodus. 

* Commissions held by Charles Moody show that he was appointed Pay- 
master of the Two Hundred and Forty -second Regiment, by Governor Wm. 
L. Marcy, July 19, 1837 : Quartermaster, December 18, 1837, and Lieutenant 
Colonel, October 15, 1845, by Governor Silas Wright. 



January 5, 1839-^William Garlock, Captain, Rose. John 
D. T. Phelps, Lieutenant, Sodus. Charles G. Shannon, 
Ensign, Huron. 

July 12, 1839— George F- Myers, Captain, Sodus. Levi 
McCarty, Lieutenant, Sodus. 


September 7, 1836 — Samuel S. Holmes, Lieutenant, Lyons. 
Stephen Marshall, Ensign, Lyons. 

September 11, 1837 — William Bradley, Captain, William- 
son. Israel Leighton, Lieutenant, Marion. Charles Cady, 
Ensign, Sodus. 

September 11, 1837 — William Bradley, Captain, William- 
son. Israel . Leighton, Lieutenant, Marion. Charles Cady, 
Ensign, Sodus. 

January 3, 1838 — Richard H. Lawrence, Major, Sodus. 

January 8, 1838 — Samuel S. Holmes, Captain, Lyons. Ste- 
phen Marshall, Lieutenant. John Thornton, Ensign. 

June 13, 1838 — Jabez Proseus, Quartermaster, Sodus. 
Abner Burlingame, Paymaster, Sodus. Jesse Green, Lieu- 
tenant, Sodus. Asa Wright, Ensign, Sodus. 

August 21, 1838 — Collins Wells, Colonel, Sodus. 

August 25, 1838 — Jesse H. Green, Captain, Sodus. Asa 
Wright, Lieutenant, Sodus. Charles Collins, Ensign, Sodus. 
Ambrose Lockwood, Ensign, Galen. 

June 30, 1838 — Harvey Hyde, Captain, Arcadia. 

September 6, 1838 — Richard H. Lawrence, Lieutenant- 
Colonel, Clyde. Abner Burlingame, Major, Sodus. Jere- 
miah White, Paymaster, Sodus. 

December 29, 1838 — Charles J. CoUins, Lieutenant, 
Sodus. Cornelius Buys, Ensign, Sodus. 

Dec. 29, 1839 — Charles J. Collins, Lieutenant, Sodus. Cor- 
nelius Buys, Ensign, Sodus. 

May I, 1839 — Jeremiah White, Adjutant, Sodus. Asa 
Wright, Quartermaster, Sodus. Seth Tillotson, Paymas- 
ter, Sodus. 

Jan. I, 1839— r-Israel Leighton, Captain, Marion. Bethuel 
B. Courier, Lieutenant, Ontario. 

Jun^ I, 1839 — Nelson Bailey, Captain, Arcadia. Harrison 
Van Auken, Lieutenant, Arcadia. Stephen Shirts, Ensign, 

June 28, 1839 — Henry M. Sabin, Captain, Ontario. Will- 
iam Norton, Jr., Lieutenant, Ontario. Lester Jennings, 
Ensign, Ontario. 

August 24, 1839 — Stephen G. Leach, Captain, Lyons. John 
Thornton, Lieut., Lyons. Anson G. Leach, Ensign, Lyons. 



August 1 8, 1839 — William Powers, Captain, Sodus. 

July 18, 1839 — Harrison VanAuken, Captain, Arcadia. 
Stephen Shirts, Lieutenant, Arcadia. Alonzo Kipp, Ensign, 

July II, 1840 — Ovid Allen, Lieutenant, Rose. 

September 4, 1840— Seth M. Howell, Captain, East Pal- 
myra. Homer Parker, Lieutenant, East Palmyra. James 
Thompson, Ensign, Manchester. 

September i, 1840— George B. Crandall, Paymaster, 

June 9, 1841 — Jacob M. Johnson, Captain, Sodus. 

May 22, 1 841 — Obed Allen, Captain, Clyde. Ambrose 
Lockwood, Lieutenant, Butler. John Aurand, Ensign, Galen. 

March 11, 1843— Ira Perry, Captain, Palmyra. 

August 20, 1842 — Stephen Shirts, Captain, Arcadia. 
Alonzo Kipp, Lieutenant, Arcadia. John N. Stansell, Ensign, 

September 4, 1843 — Abel Fish, Lieutenant, Galen. 

July 13, 1844 — John N. Stansell, Captain, Arcadia. Sam- 
uel A. Dunwell, Ensign, Arcadia. 


August 19, 1837 — Hawley Peck, Lieutenant, Galen. 
June 8, 1839 — Hawley Peck, Captain, Galen. 
July 3, 1840 — Sidney Wheat, Lieutenant, Sodus. Charles 
Joslyn, Ensign, Sodus. 


August 12, 1837 — John Allen, Lieutenant, Galen. 


July 4, 1837 — James S. Crosby, Quartermaster, Newark. 

August 9, 1838— ^Ezra Jewell, Hospital Surgeon, Lyons. 

May 3, 1839 — Edward B. Bill, Major-General, Newark. 

July 30, 1839 — WiUiam H.Sisson, Inspector, Lyons. Lath- 
rop S. Bristol, Hospital Surgeon, Newark. Henry L. Chad- 
wick, Quartermaster, Newark. Horace H. Morse, Aide-de- 
Camp, Newark. Richard V. Groat, Aide-de-Camp, Newark. 


June 23, 1838 — George Probasco, Ensign, Arcadia. 

August 30, 1838 — Simon V. W. Stout, Major, Lyons. 

September 22, 1838 — Lucas W. Larue, Captain, Lyons. 
John Layton, Lieutenant, Lyons. John Penoyer, Ensign, 



July 28, 1838 — George Carr, Jr., Lieutenant, Lyons. 
Israel H. Lovejoy, Ensign, Lyons. ' Simon V. W. Stout, 
Lieutenant-Colonel, Lyons. 

January 5, 1839 — J^^X H. Prescott, Major, Arcadia. 

January 19, 1839 — Ira Ford, Captain, Galen. George B. 
Ferguson, Lieutenant, Galen. Manley Hanchett, Ensign, 

October 28, 1838 — Samuel T. W. Sanford, Surgeon, Lyons. 

January 13, 1838 — Enoch Carl, Captain, Arcadia. David 
G. Holdridge, Lieutenant, L)'ons. Samuel Carl, Ensign, 

January 19, 1839 — Ira Ford, Captain, Galen. George B. 
Ferguson, Lieutenant, Galen. Manly Hanchett, Ensign, 

Sept. 9, 1839 — ^David F. Cole, Adjutant, L3-ons. 

June 3, 1840 — Leonard Newkirk, Captain, Lyons. John 
Westfall, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

August 8, 1840 — John Lay ton. Captain, Lyons. John 
Penoyer, Lieutenant, Lyons. John N. Dewitt, Ensign, 

August. 7, 1841 — Thomas Bourne, Captain, Lyons. Will- 
iam Soggs, Ensign, Lyons. 

November i, 1841 — Sylvanus Bailey, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

February 11, 1842 — Henry Teachout, Quartermaster,' 
Lyons. Miles N. Rogers, Assistant Surgeon, Lyons. 

March 11,1842 — William J. Nott, Captain, Lyons. Albert 
Smith, Ensign, Lyons. Samuel Carl, Lieutenant, Arcadia. 

June 22, 1842 — Jefferson Sparks, Quartermaster, Phelps. 

August ii, 1842 — Jeremiah E. Niles, En.sign (Artillery,) 

April 28, 1843 — Albert Smith, Lieutenant, Lyons. Cor- 
nelius T. Cuer, Ensign, Lyons. 

May 10, 1843 — Timothy S. Brink, Lieutenant, Galen. 
Orrin Beadle, Ensign, Galen. 

December 30, 1843 — Elias Cost, Captain, Galen. 

July 22, 1843 — John N. Dewitt, First Lieutenant, Lyons, 
John Vanderbilt, Second Lieutenant, Lyons. William Bur- 
nett, Ensign, Lyons. 

July 15, 1843 — John L. Scott, Captain, Arcadia. Jere- 
miah E. Niles, Lieutenant, Phelps. George Garlock, Ensign, 

May 31, 1845 — John Vanderbilt, Captain, Lyons. William 
Burnet, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

March 11, 1845 — Cornelius T. Cuer, Captain, Lyons. 
Elisha Barton, Ensign, Lyons. 


December 17, 1840 — William J. Nott, Lieutenant, Lyons. 

August I, 1839— Allen W. Horton, Paymaster, Palmyra. 

Sept. 22, 1839 — Ansel A. Cornwell, Cornet, Pultneyville. 

May 23, 1840— Henry H. Tabor, Captain, Palmyra. Gil- 
bert Howell, First Lieutenant, Palmyra. Franklm Lakey, 
Second Lieutenant, Palmyra. Daniel Wells, Cornet, Man- 

June I, 1840 — Abram Hagerman, Adjutant, Palmyra. 
Charles H. Thompson, Quartermaster, Palmyra. 

May 2, 1840 — Nathan W. Thomas, Captain, Rose. David 
Brinkerhoff, First Lieutenant, Wolcott. Samuel DeWitt, 
Second Lieutenant, Wolcott. David L Lester, Cornet, 

October i, 1840 — Henry 1. Mesick, Surgeon's Mate, 
Newark. James P. VanDusen, Surgeon, Newark. 


May 5, 1840 — Allen Robinson, Captain, Arcadia. JohnL. 
Lott, First Lieutenant, Newark. 


January 8, 1838— William H. Hecox, Judge Advocate, 
Lyons. William M. Myers, Quartermaster, Palmyra. 


August 17, 1839 — Lyman Sanford, Brigadier-General, 

Sept. 17, 1839 — Samuel W. Wilson, Hospital Surgeon, 

July 13, 1838 — Samuel B. Randall, Brigade Inspector, 

July 30,1838 — Nathan Hall, Paymaster, Palmyra. Lester 
O. Godard, Quartermaster, Macedon. 


Nov. 2, 1839 — Lyman Reeves, Colonel. 

February i, 1846 — Thomas F. Wilbur,Captain, Walworth. 
Nathan Palmer, Jr., Lieutenant, Walworth. Anson F. Boyn- 
ton. Ensign, Walworth. Silas H. Culver, Captain, Arcadia. 
Volney Brown, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Luther Sanford, 2d, 
Ensign, Palmyra. 

April 16, 1840 — John A. Whitbeck, Captain, Fairville. 
Caleb A. Robinson, Lieutenant, Fairville. James PL Roys, 
Ensign, Fairville. 



May 2, 1840 — William Foster, Captain, Palmyra. Erastus 
Hazen, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

July 8, 1840 — Roland S. Lewis, Surgeon, Arcadia. Fred- 
erick D. Rogers, Adjutant, Macedon. Pliny C. Hudson, 
Quartermaster, Palmyra. Thomas Burbank, Surgeon's 
Mate, Palmyra. 

August 15, 1840 — George C. Hogeboom, Lieutenant, 

August 25, 1840 — John D. McComb, Captain, Palmyra. 
Asa T. Chase, Lieutenant, Manchester. John C. Russell, 
Ensign, Palmyra. 

August 26, 1840 — Ira H. Eddy, Ensign, Macedon. 

October 3, i84C)^Henry Post, Captain, Port Gibson. 
William P. Johnson, Lieutenant, Palmyra. William R. 
Johnson, Ensign, Palmyra. 

June ID, 1 841 — Nathan Palmer, Jr., Captain, Walworth. 
Anson F. Boynton, Lieutenant, Walworth. Ormond O. 
Mason, Ensign, Walworth. 

July 12, 1841 — Chauncey Cummings, Captain, Palmyra. 
Asa T. Chase, First Lieutenant, Palmyra. John C. Russell, 
Second Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

January 19, 1842 — Abel T. Blackmar, Captain, Newark. 
Demosthenes Smith, Ensign, Newark. 

January 22, 1842 — George C. Hogeboom, Captain, Lyons. 
William Vandusen, Lieutenant, Marion. David M. Eddy, 
Ensign, Marion. 

May 26, 1842 — George Cook, Captain, Macedon. Ezekiel 
Earnhardt, Lieutenant, Macedon. 

June 6, 1842 — John R. Cummings, Quartermaster, Pal- 
myra. Isaac Hudson, Paymaster, Palmyra. Benjamin 
Throop, Assistant Surgeon, Palmyra. 

June 25, 1842 — Luther Sanford, Jr., Captain, East Pal- 
myra. Marshall Sherman, Lieutenant, East Palmyra. Elisha 
W. Hudson, Ensign East Palmyra. 

June 25, 1842 — Erastus Hazen, Captain, Palmyra. Hiram 
M. Higby, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

August 29, 1842 — Samuel S. Barker, Quartermaster, 

July 5, 1843 — Anson F. Boynton, Captain, Walworth. 
Ormond O. Mason, Lieutenant, Walworth. James M. 
Upton, Ensign, Walworth. 

July 15, 1843 — William VanDuzen, Captain, Marion. 
Alfred W. Skinner, Lieutenant, Marion. Charles Reed, 
.Ensign, Marion. 

July 15, 1843 — Demosthenes Smith, Captain, Arcadia. 
Erastus Dickinson, Ensign, Arcadia. 




June 28, 1843 — Isaac G. Hudson, Quartermaster, Palm)ra. 
Jeremiah Hilmer, Paymaster, Newark. 

August 12, 1843 — Hiram Schult, Lieutenant, Palmyra. 

September i, 1843 — Jacob P. Stupplebean, Ensign, Pal- 

April 20, 1844 — Marshall B. Sherwin, Captain, Palmyra. 
Elisha N. Hudson, Lieutenant, Palmyra. Allen T. Gold- 
smith, Ensign, Palmyra. 


August 22, 1840 — Henry Van Auken, Captain, Savannah. 

June 12,1841 — Cornelius Jeffers, Lieutenant, Rose. Riley 
Abiner, Ensign, Rose. 

September 6, 1841 — Thomas Johnson, Lieutenant, Butler. 
Abram Gibbs, Ensign, Butler. 

December 4, 1841 — Daniel Van Auken, Lieutenant, Savan- 

June 6, 1842 — Ashbel Burnham, Paymaster, Savannah. 

July 23, 1842 — Edward Sears, Captain, Wolcott. 

September 3, 1842 — Oliver Stratton, Captain, Clyde. Alex- 
ander Harper, Lieutenant, Clyde. William Becker, Ensign, 
Clyde. Royal Matthews, Captain, Butler. Clark West- 
cott, Lieutenant, Butler. Allen Armstrong, Ensign, Butler. 

September 5, 1842 — Oliver Locke, Captain, Rose. Theo- 
dore McWharf, Ensign, Rose. John J. Dickson, Surgeon, 

May 12, 1843 — George P- Smith, Adjutant, Clyde. 

March 3, 1845 — David Howe, Lieutenant, Savannah. 


June 3, 1840 — Joseph Middleton, Captain, Ontario. Sam- 
uel W. Hodges, Ensign, Ontario. 

June 20, 1840 — Remington Kinyon, Lieutenant, William- 
son. Barnabas B. Adams, Ensign, Williamson. 

July 18, 1840— Samuel W. Hodges, Lieutenant, Ontario. 
John Millet, Ensign, Ontario. 

July 22, 1840— Seth H. Tillottson, Adjutant, Sodus. An- 
drew Holling, Paymaster, Williamson. 

August 8, 1840— Egbert Brant, First Lieutenant, Sodus. 

February 6, 1841— Uriah Lamoree, Lieutenant, Alton. 
Alfred Collier, Ensign, Alton. 

June 22, 1841— Satiford P. Moody, Adjutant, Williamson. 
Andrew HoUing, Quartermaster, Williamson. William 
Fowler, Paymaster, Alton. Levi McCarty, Captain, Sodus. 
Absalom Taylor, Lieutenant, Sodus. William H. Nichols, 
Ensign, Sodus. 



July 3, 1 841— Allan D. Chappell, Captain, Williamson. 

September 4, 1841 — Stephen Miller, Ensign, Sodus. 

September 4, 1841 — Joseph C. Young, Captain, Sodus. 
Eli H. Hopkins, Lieutenant, Sodus. 

May 21, 1842 — William Tillotson, Captain, Sodus. George 
L. Tinklepaugh, Lieutenant, Sodus. 

June 18, 1842 — William Fowler, Adjutant, Sodus. Aldice 
P. Warren, Paymaster, Sodus. 

July 16, 1842 — John M. Billing, Captain, Sodus. Adam 
Tinklepaugh, 2d, Lieutenant, Sodus. 

September 2, 1843 — David Bloomer, Ensign, South 

April 20, 1844 — Daniel Bloomer, Captain, Sodus. Myron 
Alden, Ensign, Sodus. 

September 2, 1843 — Abijah White, Lieutenant, Will- 

Aug. 17, 1844 — Orville Chittenden, Ensign, Sodus. 

September 3, 1844 — Seymour Covell, Lieutenant, Huron. 

August 20, 1845 — John Hise, Adjutant, Sodus Point. B. 
B. Emerson, Surgeon, Williamson. Jacob Vinother, Cap- 
tain, Williamson. Egbert Brant, Quartermaster, Sodus. 

Subsequent to the general mustering-out of all the old 
Militia organizations, about i845-'46, there were practically 
no military bodies in existence in Wayne county for a few 

For a time Wayne county was known on the books at 
Albany, as belonging to the Fifty-Sixth Regiment of the 
Twenty-Sixth Brigade, Seventh Division, and there is the 
following record of officers : 

William H. Sisson, Colonel, rank dating July 8, 1853 ! John 
Knowles, Jr., Major, rank dating September 10, 1853; Wm. 
W. Wormwood, Captain, rank dating August 31, 1854; Nel- 
son R. Merrick, First Lieutenant, rank dating August 31, 
1854 ; Charles E. Marshall, Second Lieutenant, rank dating 
August 31, 1854; Luther Sanford, Lieutenant-Colonel, rank 
dating July 14, 1854. 

The Lyons Light Guard, and also Company E, of the 
Fifty-Fourth Regiment at Palmyra, will be mentioned else- 
where in connection with the opening of the civil war. 

We have little space to dwell upon the old-fashinoned 
general trainings. They were a grand attraction in the earlier 
•days, and large crowds were always on hand. 


The refreshment stands were noted for gingerbread. It 
seems to have been abolished with the trainings themselves ; 
nobody appears to make any such gingerbread at the pres- 
ent time. The writer recalls the last general training m 
northern Wayne, held at Sodus village, in the fall of 1845. 
It was an unique affair — the corps-du-esprit was all gone. 
Nevertheless, the line was formed, and " we" trained in a 
field where Mr. Shaver's present residence stands, or a little 
farther north. 

Some of the officers were in uniform, others not. Towards 
night the line marched back to main street, and was drawn 
up for dismissal. Lieutenant-Colonel Charles P. Moody, in 
" glittering uniform," mounted upon his " gaily caparisoned " 
steed, thanked them for their " gentlemanly conduct and 
soldier-like appearance upon the field of parade." Thus 
ended the old militia system. 

We give the annual notice of the year 1844. 

By a copy of Brigade orders, dated July 8, 1844, the fol- 
lowing drills and general trainings were ordered for this 
county : 

The officers, commissioned and non-commissioned, with 
the musicians of the Two Hundred and Forty-Second Regi- 
ment, were required to meet under command of Colonel E. 
W. Sentell, at Williamson Corners, at the house of Mr. 
Nichols, on Monday and Tuesday, the 19th and 20th days of 
August next. 

Those of the Thirty-Ninth Regiment, commanded by 
Colonel Nathan Palmer, at Palmyra, on Monday and Tues- 
day, August 26th and 27th. 

General trainings were ordered as follows : 

Of the Seventy-First' Regiment, Lieutenant -Colonel 
Edwin Warner, at the house of John Borradaile, in Lyons, 
on Tuesday, September 17th. 

Of the Two Hundred and Forty-Second, Colonel Edward 
W. Sentell, at Sodus, on Wednesday, September i8th. 

Of the Thirty-Ninth, Colonel Nathan Palmer, Jr., at Pal- 
myra, on Thursday, September 19th. 





AT the opening of the " last war with England," the 
settlement of western New York generally, and of the 
territory now constituting Wayne county, had pro- 
gressed to a considerable extent. The assessment-roll of 
Sodus, for 1811, the year before the war, contained about 
one hundred and fifty resident tax-payers, and the town had ^^'^ 
then been reduced to its present dimensions, except that it 
included the narrow strip on the west, which was subse- 
quently set off to Williamson. 

The population was, therefore, nearly one-sixth of that at 
the present time; and that was doubtless about the average 
for the other towns of the county, as compared with the 
present time.* 

Militia regiments existed in this section of the State, as is 
fully shown in the previous chapter devoted especially to 
those organizations. The Seventy-first regiment of infantry 
was commanded by Colonel Philetus Swift. The Thiriy- 
ninth was under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Gil- 
bert Howell. Major WiUiam Rogers commanded a battal- 
ion, and the companies of which it was composed were 
enrolled principally in Marion, Williamson, Ontario and 

There were also militia organizations in the county of 
Seneca, which included what is now the territory of the six 
eastern towns of Wayne county. The officers of these vari- 
ous organizations are very fully given in the previous 

*In the Ontario Messenger, of 1814, we find the following memorandum : 
"Population of Sodus, 965 ; of "Williamson, 1.560 ; Palmyra, 2,995 ; Ontario, 
1,391; Lyons, 3,103. 


The causes which led to the war can only be given a brief 
mention in this local work. In consequence of the protracted 
wars between England and France the commerce of the 
United States suffered severely. France declared the Eng- 
lish ports in a .state of blockade, and thus rendered liable to 
capture every American vessel attempting to enter those 
ports or sailing /or them. England declared French ports 
in a state of blockade and thus rendered equally liable to 
capture every American vessel destined to those ports. 
Between these two sets of hostile orders American commerce 
was destroyed. These orders constituted what is known 
among writers upon international law as a " paper blockade." 
A true blockade must be maintained by an adequate naval 
force stationed in front of or cruising near the blockaded 
harbor. Yet this blockade by " orders " was made so effect- 
ual against American merchant vessels that English cruisers 
had actually seized and condemned nine hundred American 
vessels during the ten years preceding the declaration of 
war. Bonaparte repealed this French decree, but Great ' 
Britain even then refused to rescind her orders though her 
government had previously expressed a willingness to do so 
whenever France should repeal her decree. 

But England also claimed the right to stop any American 
vessel on the ocean, and send an armed force aboard under 
pretense of searching for deserters from her service. This 
power if it rightfully existed at all towards the vessels of a 
neutral nation during a state of war, was yet one so arbitrary 
and oppressive that no free people could patiently submit to it. 
This power was exergised in so haughty and insolent a man- 
ner that the grievances were greatly aggravated. Not sat. 
isfied with seizing actual deserters, which they seldom found, 
Americans were often forcibly taken from the decks of their 
own vessels and impressed into the British service. If this 
was a state of peace, certainly war could not be much worse. 
Meanwhile the Indian wars in Ohio and the West were 
believed to be promoted by British influence. Settlers were 
ruthlessly murdered and the horrors that accompany a 
savage war rendered desolate many homes and settlements. 
Even before war was declared the insolence of British 


demands was met in a becoming spirit by at least one Amer- 
ican vessel. Hale's history relates the incident. 

Commodore Rogers sailing in the frigate President, met in 
the evening a vessel on the coast of Virginia. He hailed but 
instead of receiving an answer he was hailed in return, and 
a shot struck the mainmast of the President. The fire was 
instantly returned by the Commodore and continued for a 
few minutes, when finding that his antagonist was of inferior 
force, and that her guns were almost silenced, he desisted. 

On hailing again, the British Commander had found his 
voice and replied that his ship was the British sloop of war 
" Little Belt," of eighteen guns ; that thirty-two of her men 
were killed or wounded and the ship greatly disabled. In 
the darkness the British Commander had mistaken a frigate 
for an unarmed merchant vessel. 

In view of all these grievances, for which no redress could 
be obtained, there seemed to be no remedy but war; and 
Congress passed an act " declaring war to exist between the 
United States and Great Britain" on the 17th day of June, 
1812. On the 19th the President issued a Proclamation form- 
ally declaring war against Great Britain. 

That this state of war would seriously affect Western New 
York and all the country bordering the Great Lakes was 
evident from the first. These counties were in. an exposed 
condition. To defend the smaller places there were no for- 
tifications, and few or no troops from the regular army could 
be spared to occupy such points. 

Lake Ontario was largely surrounded then as now by 
British teiritory. At various ports the British had conven- 
iences for fitting out war vessels and safe harbors to which 
in case of pursuit they could retreat and be protected under 
the guns of strong forts. England with her system of stand- ^^ 
ing afmies had veteran troops with which to garrison these 
forts, while the United States were compelled to rely largely 
upon the miHtia or upon volunteers. In the summer of r8i2 
the British had a naval force upon Lake Ontario consisting 
of six vessels and mounting more than a hundred guns. 
Commodore Chauncey, in the fall of that year, equipped a 
small fleet in opposition. He had six vessels mounting only 


thirty guns, a force hardly fit to dispute the supremacy of 
the Lake with the British Commander. Yet Chauncey 
attacked the English squadron near Kingston early in 
November, damaged them considerably, captured one 
schooner and took it into Sackett's Harbor. He afterwards 
captured another British vessel, having on board $12,000 of 
specie and General Brocks private baggage. 

It may be well to notice here that the war of 18 12 was not 
an unexpected outbreak. The following orders show that 
there was an anticipation of hostilities as early as 1809: 

the alarm of 1809. 

" State of New York —General Orders. \ 
Headquarters, Albany. 17th of April, 1809. f 

" In pursuance of orders from the President of the United 
States, bearing date on the Second day of November last 
and in conformity with general orders of the 15th day of 
the same month and year, such companies of the militia of 
the State as have volunteered their services under the act of 
Congress passed the 24th day of February 1809, entitled 
' An act authorizing the President of the United States to 
accept the service of a number of volunteer companies not 
exceeding 30,000 men,' are hereby organized into one Brig- 
ade to be commanded by Brigadier-General Bering, and 
will consist of one regiment of Infantry, one regiment of 
Riflemen, one battaHon of Artillery, and one squadron of 
Cavalry, to be officered in the following manner : 

Among the appointments made there were the following : 

Peter B. Porter of the County of Ontario, Lieutenant- 
Colonel in command of the regiment of Infantry. 

One of the companies of Infantry was in the County of 
Cayuga, John Knittles, Captain ; Israel Ozman, Lieutenant 
and Isaac Ozmon, Ensign. 

One of the companies in the regiment of Riflemen was in 
the County of Cayuga. Abraham Bloom, Captain. Luther 
Gere, Lieutenant and Arnold Rogers, Ensign. 

Another of the companies in the regiment of Riflemen 
was in the County of Seneca. William Ireland, Captain. 
John Alexander Lieutenant and Joseph S. Barnard, Ensign. 

In the Battalion of Artillery, Tompkins C. Delevan of the 
County of Seneca, was appointed Surgeon. 


" The officers hereby appointed are to hold themselves in 
readiness to take the field. 

"The Commander-in-Chief avails himself of this opportu- 
nity to repeat to the officers, non-commissioned officers and 
privates of the corps hereby organized, an assurance of his 
high estimation of their laudable and patriotic tender of 
services, and his entire confidence that by their discipline, 
intelligence and bravery, they will support the reputation 
and honor of the State of New York. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 
Daniel D. Tompkins. 

" Wm. Paulding, Adjutant General." 

ACTUAL WAR 1812-1815. 

From a periodical published during the struggle in New 
York entitled " The War," the following items are taken as 
showing the general state of matters upon Lake Ontario 
soon after the declaration of war. 

Under date of July 11, 181 2, we find the following: 

" The British have taken a vessel on Lake Ontario laden 
with produce owned by Mr. Abraham Dox of Geneva. 

" They have also captured another vessel on Lake Erie 
belonging pnncipally to Mr. Peter H. Colt, who was on 

" A Prize. — The Ontario, a fine new schooner was taken 
by Captain Tarrar, Deputy Collector, and brought into the 
port of St. Vincent last week." 

The Governor of Canada, under date of June 20, two days 
after the declaration of war, issued a proclamation warning 
all American citizens to depart from Canada within 14 days. 

Under date of Jul)' 5, 1812, we find the following : 

" At Ogdensburgh, eleven batteaux with arms and ammuni- 
tion belonging to the British were captured on the St. Law- 
rence by tne inhabitants of the contiguous country." 

Under date of July 25, 1812: 

" The British naval force on Lake Ontario is said to con- 
sist of the Royal George, carrying 22 guns, Earl of Moira 
carrying 16 guns. Prince Regent carrying 14 guns, and Duke 
of Gloucester carrying 8 guns and several smaller vessels." 

At this time Congress had resolved to call out one hun- 
dred thousand men, and the quota of the State of New 
York was thirteen thousand. 

Under date of August 8, 18 12, there are the following 
paragraphs : 


" A few days since the inhabitants ot Geneva, collected by 
subscription, about one hundred and thirty dollars, for the 
purchase of camp equipage for a company of volunteers, 
which had been raised in that village, and marched to the 
lines under command of Captain A. Dox. 

" The County of Onondaga filled its quota, without a 
draft, and two companies of riflemen, under Captains Kel- 
logg and Briston, marched to Oswego." 

July 19, 1812 — The British attacked Sacketts Harbor j 
their Lake Ontario fleet being before that port in force. The 
place was defended by the troops stationed there, and by 
the surrounding people, who turned out to the number of 
three thousand. The British were repulsed. 

Colonel Philetus Swift's regiment was on the frontier, at 
Lewiston, during the fall of 1812. 

The battle of Queenstown occurred October 13, 181 2. 

Under date of November 29, 1812, we find the following: 

" There was launched at Sackett's Harbor, an American 
ship of war, to be called the Madison, and having the follow- 
ing dimensions: 112 feet keel, 33^^ feet beam, 11^ feet hold; 
580 tons burden, and intended to mount twenty-four guns." 

In January, 1813, the British were engaged in building two 
ships of war at Kingston. They had drawn three hundred 
carpenters from the lower province to work upon them. 

February 23, 1813, the British captured Ogdensburgh. 

April 28, 1813, Commodore Chauncey, with the American 
squadron effected a brilliant achievement in the capture of 
Little York, Canada. 

May 8, 18 13, Sir Jamas Lucas Yeo reached Montreal with 
four hundred and fifty able bodied seamen, to take com- 
mand of the British fleet on Lake Ontario. 

The military movements for the defence of the lake and 
frontier, commenced early in April, 1812, although the dec- 
laration of war did not occur until the 19th of June. We 
give a few orders from the records in the Adjutant-General's 

April 2, 1812, in an order calling out troops for defence of 
Oswego and Niagara, there is found the following para- 
graph : 

"Major General Hall will forthwith detach from the 
Seventh Division of Infantry under his command, six hun- 


dred men, including officers, and will organize them into 
eight companies, and assign captains and subalterns to com- 
mand the companies. 

" The detachment from his Division will be directed to 
rendezvous in such parcels and at such places as he shall 
designate and will from thence proceed to the Post of 

" Lt.-Col. Philetus Swift will take command of the detaich- 
ment from the seventh Division." 

April 21, 1812, in conformity with orders from the Presi- 
dent of the United States 13,500 of the militia of this State 
were detached from the several Brigades and directed to 
hold themselves in readiness for the field. 

April 28, 1812, orders were issued directing the detach- 
ments provided by the order of April 2d, to march immedi- 
ately to the defence of Oswego and Niagara. 

June 23, 1812, separate orders were issued to all the 
Brigades of militia in the State officially announcing the 
declaration of war made on the 19th. 

The following order of the same date indicates the move- 
ments of militia in this section of the State: 

" State of New York — General Orders. ) 
Headquarters, Albany, June 23, 1812. \ 
" To Major-General Amos Hall : 

" You will please to order out immediately and send on in 
small detachments as can be accommodated on the road the 
troops detached from Ontario, Genesee and Niagara as part 
of t)ie 13,500 men. 

"* * * Every officer and every citizen who 

values the safety of his fellow citizens on the frontier and 
the dignity and honor of his country, will exert himself to 
the utmost to inspire mutual confidence to obviate as much 
as possible the difficulties incident to the assemblage ot mili- 
tary detachments and by every possible act of kindness to 
assist and expedite the movements of the brave men who 
turn out in behalf of their country. General Wadsworth is 
ordered into service and will take the command for the pres- 
ent of the detachment already out and the troops which may 
be ordered into service on the Niagara frontier." 

Under date of July 2, 1812, there is another communica- 
tion to General Amos Hall, in which the Commander-in-Chief 
informs him that a supply of arms, ammunition and equip- 
ments had already been forwarded to Canandaigua. He adds : 


" I hope you will exert yourself for the protection of the 
" frontier, and amongst other things supply some arms and 
" ammunition to the people south of Buffalo in Chautauqua 
" and Cattaraugus. We shall have our hands full, but I calcu- 
" late on the energy and bravery of the officers and soldiers 
"of the western counties for efficient protection of the fron- 
" tier until regular troops can approach the lines." 

The following acceptance of a volunteer force organized 
in the town of Williamson, is an interesting item of history : 
" State of New York — General Orders. » 
Headquarters, Albany, September 7, 181 2. j 

" Whereas a number of persons inhabitants of the town of 
Williamson and County of Ontario, being exempted from 
militia duty, have associated together and formed a company 
pursuant to the 35th section of the act of the Legislature of 
the State of New York organizing the militia thereof, and 
have subscribed a roll pledging themselves to bear arms and 
take the field to defend the frontier of the County of Ontario ; 
Now, therefore, the Commander-in-Chief in pursuance of the 
authority vested in him by the said act does hereby organize 
the said association as a company of infantry, and commis- 
sions and brevets Abraham Gallup to be the Captain, James 
Calhoun to be the Lieutenant, and Nell Alexander to be the 
Ensign of said company. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

Signed, Wm. S. Wilkin, Aide-de-Camp." 

In the year 181 3, one order appears calling out a detach- 
ment of militia from this section. 

The detachment was to be divided into two regiments 
and two Lieutenant-Colonels assigned to each. To the sec- 
ond of these regiments there were appointed Lieutenant- 
Colonel Philetus Swift and Lieutenant-Colonel Caleb 

At the conclusion of peace the following official announce- 
ment was made : 

" State of New York — General Orders. 
Headquarters, Albany, February 22, 

"The Commander-in-chief announces with the most heart- 
felt satisfaction to the militia of the State of New York, 
the ratification of a treaty of peace between the United 
States and Great Britain. In congratulating them on this 
auspicious event he cannot withhold an expression of his 
praise and gratitude for the promptitude and fidelity with 
which they have on all occasions obeyed those various calls 

RS. ) 

I, 1815. f 


of service in defense of the State which its safety compelled 
him to make. While he applauds their soldier-like deport- 
ment in arms and the fortitude which they have evinced 
under the sufferings and privations of war, he cannot but 
hope that the accomplishment of an honorable peace, the 
smiles of an approving conscience and the gratitude of a 
virtuous and patriotic people will be regarded by them as 
an ample reward for their many sacrifices. The Com- 
mander-in-chief is especially charged by the President of 
the United States to convey to the militia of this state his 
thanks for the patriotism, zeal and perseverance so emi- 
nently displayed by them in defence of the rights of their 

By order of the Commander-in-chief, 

Solomon Van Rensselaer, Adj.-General." 

The design of this volume limits us without further dis- 
cussion of general matters to a narration of the events which 
occurred in Wayne County and to an enumeration of the 
men who served in that war. 

We have first, a brief general statement from the news- 
papers already quoted, under date of June 29, 181 3 : 

" The naval force of the enemy on Lake Ontario are cruis- 
" ing from Niagara down the American side of the lake for 
" the purpose it would seem of sweeping the coast in which 
" the\- have been but too successful. 

" On Saturday, the 12th instant, near Eighteen Mile Creek, 
" they captured two schooners and several boats with valua- 
" ble cargoes bound from Oswego to Niagara. 

" On Tuesday, the 15th instant, they landed some men at 
" the village of Charlotte, entered the store houses and took 
" ofif between 400 and 500 barrels of flour, pork, etc., together 
" with a large boat laden with 1200 bushels of corn destined 
" for our troops at Fort Niagara. 

" From there they proceeded to Sodus ; not finding any 
" plunder, they set fire to several buildings near the water 
" and retired." 

From the Ontario Messenger of June 29, 1813. 


" On Saturday afternoon, 19th inst., five sail of the enemy's 
naval force on Lake Ontario appeared off Sodus Bay. In 
the morning of the same day the enemy not appearing, Col. 
Swift's regiment of militia which had formerly assembled for 
the protection of the place, was dismissed and left Sodus after 
havmg removed all the public property to a place of security. 


On the alarm being given about forty men, under Capt. E. 
Hull, collected with a determination to make all the resist- 
ance in their power should the enemy attempt to land. 

" Under cover of the ensuing night one hundred men from 
the enemy's shipping effected a landing undiscovered and 
proceeded towards the village where they were met 
by the force under Captain Hull and fired upon. The 
fire was immediately returned by the enemy and ourmen re- 
treated, but were not pursued far before the enemy returned 
to their boats and re-embarked. In this affair we had one 
killed and three wounded. The enemy's loss was three 
killed and seven wounded. Early the ensuing morning a 
number of British soldiers again landed, and without oppo- 
sition took and destroyed about 230 barrels of flour, a few 
barrels of pork and whiskey, all private property — then pro- 
ceeded to plunder the village of everything valuable and set 
fire to the houses, which were soon consumed. 

" Having thus wantonly done all the mischief in their 
power, they evacuated the place. 

"The principal sufferers are Messrs. Edus, Merrill, Wick- 
ham and Nicholas." 

The above news is said to be furnished by a gentleman 
who arrived at Sodus Point soon after the enemy left the 

To the men of the present day who have known of Gettys- 
burgh. Cold Harbor, Pittsburgh Landing, and the other bat- 
tles of the late civil war, especially to the soldiers who 
served in those engagements, the events of 1813 at Sodus 
Point, and 1814 at Pultney ville, may seem trivial and scarcely 
worthy of notice ; yet the bravery and fidelity of men must 
be judged by the circumstances of the case. When the 
citizens of Sodus and neighboring towns, with no military 
training, with none- of the confidence that inspires disci- 
plined forces, hurried to Sodus Point on the afternoon of 
June 19, 1813, and in the thick darkness of the rainy night, 
marched against an unknown force landing from a well 
equipped fleet, perhaps it required as much firmness, as much 
stern fidelity to duty as may have nerved veteran soldiers in 
the battles of far greater magnitude. 

From the outbreak of the war, the frontier villages had 
suffered a sense of insecurity. Especially after a British 
fleet had been equipped upon the lake, the danger was im- 


minent. Government stores were kept to some extent at 
Sodus Point and Pultneyville, as well as at Charlotte, Brad- 
docks Bay, and other places along the lake. It was the 
policy of the British officers to hover along the coast, and if 
they found a place undefended, secure the stores, either by 
negotiation or force. 

A state of war also gave military excuse for the pillage 
and destruction of such villages, if the invading forces chose 
to avail themselves of the opportunity. 

Sodus Point had been guarded by a few of the neighbor- 
ing militia companies, for several days at a time during the 
months preceding the battle. In June, or July, 181 2, accord- 
ing to the affidavit of Asel Latimer and Isaac Featherly, in 
possession of the writer, a British vessel was seen upon the 
lake, apparently having designs upon the village. Captain 
Holcomb's Company was called out, and remained at the 
Point under command of Lieutenant Nathaniel Merrill, for 
two or three days. 

Subsequently, during the summer and fall of that year, 
the same company was ordered out, and staid there one or 
two days at each alarm. 

In the spring of 181 3, a considerable force was stationed 
from time to time, at the Point, in anticipation of an attack. 
On the 15th of June, it was reported that the British had 
landed at Genesee river, and would undoubtedly attack 
Sodus. Portions of Colonel Philetus Swift's regiment, and 
of Major William Roger's battalion, were immediately 
ordered there for defence, and remained until Saturday 
morning, when no enemy appearing, the companies were 
dismissed. A guard was retained under command of Lieu- 
tenant Merrill, to watch the military stores, which had been 
removed 10 the woods west of the village. 

That same day the British vessels came in sight, and in the 
afternoon it became evident that an attack upon the village 
was about to occur. One or two men on horseback were 
sent out to call back, if possible, the companies which were 
going home, and rally the citizens generally. One of them 
rode to Sodus village, and west along the Ridge, shouting : 
« Turn out ! " " Turn out ! " 


West ol Sodus village, Paddock, Dunning, Danforth and 
others were just getting home from a " raising " on Morse 
hill, but tired as they were, they hastened to Sodus Point 
with such guns as they could hastily seize. 

The other messenger rode southward, following the retir- 
ing soldiers. 

In the vicinity of South Sodus, the settlers were at a "log- 
ging bee," and some of them are said to have gone direct to 
the Point, without going home for supper. Of this horse- 
man, John P. Terry, now of Portsmouth, Ohio, in a letter 
given below, says : 

" I recollect perfectly well seeing him pass our house riding 
fast, blowing a horn, and shouting ' The British are landing !' " 

The men that gathered at Sodus Point, in answer to this 
call, were some of them members of Captain Holcomb's 
company, others of Captain Hull's, and others still belonged 
to no organization whatever. 

The alarm called back some of the militia who were on 
their way home after their discharge in the morning, but 
many of the men were simply citizens, with no pretensions 
to military training. At the Point they had no organization. 
At first Rev. Seba Norton, who had seen service in the war 
of the Revolution, was looked to as leader and Captain. 

A little later Captain Elias Hull reached the Point, and 
the command was yielded to him. 

The area of cleared lahd at the Point was not then very 
large. A thick, dense growth of trees and brush extended 
up to and covered most of the public square ; its eastern 
edge running somewhat diagonally from the present site of 
the Methodist church to the northwest. This was almost 
impassable save by the single road, north to the lighthouse 
of the present day, thence west along the Lake bank, bear- 
ing south and reaching the line of the present road near the 
farm residence of B. B. Seaman. There was also a footpath 
which led off southwest from the place now occupied by the 
Methodist church. The night was very dark. It had been 
cloudy during the day and was raining a little in the even- 
ing. It was impossible to see a yard in advance. 

The line was formed as regularly as it was possible to do 
near the woods. It was agreed to march over the rise of 


ground towards the water, and if the enemy were met in 
superior force to deliver their fire and then retreat ; nor was 
it expected that the company would maintain its line in that 
event. It was to be " each for himself." The movement 
thus decided upon was executed at or near midnight. 
Marching up the street past the Mansion House they reached 
the high ground along by Wickham's store and the Johnson 
House of the present time. They found that the British 
had landed and were advancing. This was known by the 
noise and by a few lanterns the enemy were carrying. The 
dim hght showed a force supposed to be 300 or more, march- 
ing in order up the slope from the waters' edge. Amasa 
Johnson from the American line shot down one of the lights. 
Instantly was heard the command of the_ British officer, fire ! 
And a volley immediately followed. In many of the tradi- 
tionary accounts the shots are said to have passed over the 
heads of the American line. This may be true, but from 
the nature of the case the shot probably struck the ground 
in front and below them principally. Asher Warner and 
Charles Terry were mortally wounded and an affidavit of 
the late James Edwards, who was a very competent witness, 
states that several others were also struck. Among these 
were Captain Nathaniel Merrill, Mr. Eldridge, a hired man 
in the employ of Ammi Ellsworth, and also Mr. Knight. 
The flash of the British guns had revealed their position 
with considerable distinctness and the Americans with well 
directed aim poured a deadly fire into the enemy's ranks. 
It has been generally stated that two or more were killed in 
the British line and several wounded. 

The information upon this point is not very certain yet it 
is entirely probable and consistent with the known facts. 
The " battle " was over. In the confusion that followed, the 
two forces were very near each other or mingled as the 
British carried off three prisoners, Christopher Britton, 
father of the late John Britton, of Alton, and Harry Skin- 
ner and also a colored man by the name of Gilbert Saulter. 
Both parties retreated and both for very good reasons. 
The British could have no idea of the force in their front, 
and in the darkness of midnight it would have been the 



height of folly to advance. They hastily took to their boats. 
The Americans knew their own weakness and had very 
good proof that a force much superior to them in numbers 
and discipline had landed. The Americans scattered, some 
to the woods, others to their homes. George Palmer says 
that he with others came up to the Pollock place on the old 
Geneva road and staid there till morning.* 

There were some amusing incidents. Charles Eldridge 
from the bushes shouted, " I am killed ! " "I am killed ! " 
An examination showed that a bullet had cut a piece 
of skin and flesh from his throat and the blood began to flow 
freely after a lively run. George Palmer says that while he 
was making good time for the rear he passed the gruff old 
revolutionary Baptist minister, Seba Norton. The latter 
says, " Go on. Don't wait for me. I won't run." Major 
Farr and Lieutenant Merrill each thought the other an 
enemy and played an extraordinary series of dodges. The 
former got entangled and lost in the woods and did not find 
his way out till morning. 

The next morning the British opened a slight cannonade 
and then landed a small force. They seized the stores in 
the warehouses and then set all the buildings on fire except 
one. The tavern of Nathaniel Merrill, the store of Captain 
Wickham and its contents ; his dwelling-house ; the Fitzhugh 
house ; the house of Wm. Edus ; two warehouses and several 
other buildings were totally destroyed. 

The house saved was one that had been recently erected 
by Barakins and Hoylarts. It was the Mansion House of 
later years and was destroyed by fire in 1881. The tall solid 
chimneys of 1811 are still standing, marking the site of the 

* Mrs. Uriah Seymour still living was then seven years of age. With her 
mother Mrs. Johnson, (vrho afterwards became Mrs. Thomas Boyd) she went 
that afternoon to Mrs. Pollocks. In the evening there were no men there ; she 
slept on the floor and heard nothing of the sounds of war. In the morning, 
however, she distinctly remembers the house and yard were filled with men 
and with beds, bedding and other household goods hastily brought away from 
the Point. They had one prisoner who was handcuffed. She remembers that 
the women of the Wickham family were at Mrs. Pollocks, and thinks those of 
the Merrill family were at the house of Abner Arms. She remembers soldiers 
from the South passing there Sunday and Monday on the way to the Point. 
Some put their horses into the pasture there and went on afoot. Many stopped 
for water or for something to eat. 


old historic building. Asher Warner was picked up by the 
British mortally wounded and carried into this house and 
there he died. It is said that the British placed a pitcher 
of water near him and that the officers twice extinguished 
a fire kindled by the men to destroy the building. 

With reference to Charles Terry, who was also wounded 
and died a few weeks later, we give the following extract of 
a letter from John P. Terry, a son of the deceased, then a boy 
of seven years. 

The letter is under date of Sept. 7, 1882, and is excellent 
authority for the circumstances related, as all the particu- 
lars were sure to be talked over for years in a family where 
the husband and father had thus lost his life. He says : 

" Soon after the war of 1812 had been declared the British 
" fitted out separate some four or more brigs and armed and 
" manned them fully. 

" They coasted near the southern shore of Lake Ontario. 
" Their object was, when an opportunity presented itself, to 
" slip into any port and burn the town and destroy property. 
" The able bodied men near where my father lived (seven 
" miles south of the Point) formed themselves into, a com- 
" pany called minute men and they were to go at a minute's 
" warning to the assistance, of the people of the Point. As 
"near as I can recollect this company was formed in -1812. 
" In the spring of 1813 the British hove in sight of the Point. 
" A courier was dispatched on a fast horse south to Lyons 
"to give the alarm. I recollect perfectly well seeing him 
"pass our house, riding fast, blowing a horn and shouting 
" that the British were landing. 

" My father told Horace to harness up the horse, took his 
" gun jumped into the wagon and drove towards the Point. 
" He said he must help Capt. Merrill save his produce which 
" he had stored up in his warehouse, as I have heard he did. 
" By that time the British had landed in their small boats. 
" My father in the meantime had taken his gun and joined 
" his cpmpan}^ The British fired a few volleys and retreated 
" to their boats. 

" A man by the name of Warner was killed and my father 
" was shot. The ball entered his vest pocket and came out 
" at the edge of his vest lining. He was carried into a 
" tavern and soon after was put into his wagon and brought 
" home. I remember distinctly that it was raining very hard 
" and that my mother as soon as she heard that he was on 
" the way started on foot through the rain and mud to meet 


" him. I also recollect that the bed was saturated with 
" blood. Several doctors attended him and all were led to 
" think he would get well. But at the expiration of two 
" weeks he got out of bed and walked to the door. He 
" caught cold and two weeks thereafter he died. His name 
"was Charles. His age I do not know but think it was 
" about 48. I forgot to mention that the Americans returned 
" the fire and several British were killed." 

A letter from Jonathan Warner of Mineral Ridge, Ohio, 
furnishes many items of interest in relation to the affair at 

Sodus Point: 

" Mineral Ridge, Ohio, January i, 1883. 

" L. H. Clark, Esq. : 

" Dear Sir — I was five years old at the death of my father. 
He was killed at the battle of Sodus Point. The particulars 
I have were from Isaac Davidson and others who were in 
the battle. A large draft had been made upon the able 
bodied men in Sodus to go to Lewiston, so that there was 
scarcely more than forty heads of families left in the town. 
When the news came which flew through the country like 
wild fire almost every man seized his gun, left home and 
went down to Sodus Point. The British fleet was then in 
full view. The first work was to remove all provisions and 
movable goods to a ravine orgulley west of the Point. After 
the battle nearly all of our men retreated to the edge of this 
guUey where they remained as a picket line guarding this 
property. The British burning the town were in full view 
of this little guard and fearing there might be a large body 
of troops in the woods they left much earlier no doubt than 
they otherwise would. At the outset of the affair after 
removing the property the Americans chose as Captain Elias 
Hull of Lyons. Knowing the British would land that night 
they prepared to meet them on the road about half way 
between where the pier now is and Thomas Wickham's 
store, where at that time there was a little guUey and two 
small hills on both sides where our men stationed themselves. 
When the British had marched nearly down the first hill and 
quite near to our men who were ready and waiting, the word 
fire was given. The Americans all fired into the British 
ranks and then retreated up the little hill in the rear of 
them. Many have told me they distinctly heard groanings 
in the British line after their fire. 

" To drown this the British band commenced to play, with 
drum and fife. The fire of the British, 300 to 500 strong, im- 
mediately followed, but being deceived in the ground nearly 
all shot under. A man by the name of Terry was wounded, 


and Nathaniel Merrill, who lived at the Point, was shot 
through the hand. Mj father was shot through the body. 
The British tramped over him and afterwards picked him 
up and put him in the large house once occupied by Mr. 
Wood as a hotel. The British burned every house on the 
Point but this one. Father lived from twenty to twenty-four 
hours. They set fire to the building two or three times, but 
the commanding officer had the fire put out, not willing to 
burn a man alive, and thus the building was saved. 

" The British fleet left late that afternoon. Father died 
with a pitcher of water in his hand given him by the British. 
The floor of this room was literally covered with blood, and 
being soft wood it soaked in so deep that it could not be 
planed out. My father wallowed as it were in his own gore. 
The blood from his hands and fingers was to be seen on the 
sides of the room where he had tried to get up and steady 
himself but had fallen back in his weakness. 

" At this time my mother had been dead three years. My 
two sisters were brought up in other families, one by Immer 
Crittenden of Old Castle, Geneva, and the other by John 
Taylor of Phelps. My father was living with his second 
wife, and myself and brother Daniel were at home. We 
lived on the Geneva road, about a half mile north of Elder 
Norton's brick meeting house. 

" My brother Daniel, was twelve years old. Hearing that 
my father was killed and that the fleet was gone, he har- 
nessed a horse to a lumber wagon, reaching the Point 
between sundown and dark. Isaac Davidson and another 
man whose name I do not remember, helped him take my 
father's body from the room and place it in the wagon on 
some straw. That mere boy took the body home alone, in 
the darkness and through the woods. My step-mother 
taking me with her had gone to the house of relatives two or 
three miles away. The old log house was shut up and 
deserted. Daniel had to go nearly a mile for help. He got 
John Peeler, then a boy about his own age, and those two 
boys alone at midnight carried the body from the wagon 
into the house. At 9 or 10 o'clock the next day neighbors 
came in and the body was properly prepared for burial. My 
father's clothes were very bloody, and when taken off were 
put into a kettle of water at the door to soak. It is one of 
the distinct recollections of my childhood that my brother 
Daniel lifted the pantaloons out of the water and showed me 
the bullet hole which was through the waistband ; the ball 
having passed through the middle of his body. The partic- 
ulars I have given were related to me by Judge Green and 
his aged father; by Elder Norton and his son Daniel H. 


Norton; by Isaac Davidson, Daniel Arms, Jonathan L. Pow- 
ell, Nicholas Pullen, Dr. Lummis, Captain Wickham, Timo- 
thy Axtell, and a great many others of the most reliable men 
of that day in Sodus. 

" There was a bedstead corded up in the room where my 
father was carried at the Point. He was laid on that, but 
afterwards, in his agony, rolled off on to the floor. It 
appears that he was very thirsty, and called for water con- 
tinually. Some kind hearted British officer no doubt heard 
the cry, and not only commanded to put out the fire, but to 
take him the pitcher of water also. This pitcher was 
clenched in his hand when he died, and was found by Isaac 
Davidson, the first man who ventured down from the picket 
line to the house, after the British had left. 

" About a week after the battle of Sodus Point, our troops 
returned from Lewiston down the Ridge, went to Sodus 
Point, and then to Geneva. I had an uncle among them by 
the name of Gastin. He took me home with him. I rode 
in the feed-box at the hind end of the baggage-wagon, and 
he fed me from his knapsack. 

" My father was poor. I had no shoes and very little of 
anything to wear. My uncle was also poor, but he had a 
kind heart, and did what he could for me ; yet my lot there 
and at Waterloo, for four or five years, was a hard one until 
Uncle Charles Fields, of Sodus, took me home with him. 
Yours sincerely, Jonathan Warner." 

This account differs slightly in some unimportant partic- 
ulars from that already given, but sustains it m its leading 
features. Warner must have been shot Saturday night, 
about 12 o'clock, and died the next afternoon. In the burn- 
ing and general plunder, the British did not leave until 
some time Sunday afternoon, as it is probable Isaac David- 
son and others would go to the house very soon after the 
British had actually left, and Mr. Warner shows that his 
father was already dead, having lived some twenty hours 
after he was shot. It was Sunday evening when the boy, 
Daniel Warner, drove home with the body. 

Asher Warner was buried in the Brick Church Cemetery, 
and his grave is marked by a monument erected in after 
years, by Jonathan Warner, and bearing the following 
inscription : 

" In memory of Asher Warner, who fell in the battle of 
Sodus, June 12, 181 3, while fighting in defence of his 



The date on this stone and other modern accounts, make 
this attack to have occurred June 12, 181 3 ; and that date has 
been regarded as the correct one for many years past. But 
the weight of authority is strongly in favor of the igth. 
The extracts from the newspapers already given, written 
only ten days after the events, are not easily set aside. 
Besides the numerous affidavits made in support of Mr. 
Wickham's claim for damages, and sworn to in 1816, all give 
the date as the 19th. 

Extracts from these affidavits are given at the close of this 

It is not possible to make a perfect list of those persons 
who were present at the Point in the battle. In several affi- 
davits made in late years with reference to pension claims, 
the whole number is stated at about sixty. 

It seems to be very well determined that the following 
persons were in the line on that dark night : 

Elder Seba Norton. 
George Palmer. 
Daniel Norton. 
Timothy Axtell. 
Freeman Axtell. 
John Axtell. 
Charles Terry. 
Horace G. Terry. 
Asher Warner. 
Thomas Boyd. 
Frederick Boyd. 
Elias Hull. 
Byram Green. 
Samuel Green. 
Andries Onderdonk, 
Lyman Dunning. 
Robert A. Paddock. 
William Pitcher, 
Amasa Johnson. 
Amos Johnson. 
Luke Johnson. 
7 John Holcomb 
Gardner Warren. 
Jenks Pullen. 
Mr. Knight. 

Daniel Arms. 
James Edwards. 
Wm. P. Irwin. 
Obadiah Johnson. 
Nicholas Pullen. 
Jonathan Clemens. 
William Danforth. 
Asel Latimer. 
John Mansfield. 
John Fellows. 
John McNutt. 
Mr. Aldrich. 
Ammi Ellsworth. 
Aberdeen Blanchard. 
John Beach. 
Serenno Edwards. 
David Brayton. 
Thomas Wheeler. 
Nathaniel Merrill. 
Asher Doolittle. 
John Reed. 
Cornelius Chips. 
Alanson M. Knapp. 
Chauncey Bishop. 
Mr. Eldridge.* 

* Mr. Eldridge afterwards went into the service on the lines and was killed 
at Queenstown— as stated by Levi Ellsworth. 


Jacob Van Wickle. Hiram Payne. 

Alanson Cory. David Barclay. 

Cooper Barclay. Moses Austin. 

Isaac Davidson. William Young. 

Major Farr. Stephen Bushnell. 

Christopher Britton. Harry Skinner. 

Citizens of the Point whose property was in danger were 
doubtless in the skirmish that night. Captain Wickham 
prior to his settlement here had been in the U. S. Navy. At 
the time of the destruction of the village he was in New 
York buying goods. As there were many who reached the 
Point the next day, their descendants in hearing the matter 
talked over may have supposed some to have been there the 
night before who were not. The name of Isaac Davidson is 
in the above list. He was then the miller at Dr. Lummis' 
grist-mill, now Preston's — and in the early evening as he 
once told the editor of this volume, he was locked into the 
mill by another man who was leaving and supposed that all 
were gone ; that he got out and went to the Point in time for 
the exchange of shots at midnight, is probable enough to sus- 
tain the statement made in various affidavits with reference 
to his claim to a pension and that of others. 

The destruction of the village Sunday morning was wit- 
nessed by various Americans, who were powerless to inter- 
fere. Timothy Axteli once related to the writer that he saw 
the landing, the capture of the fiour and the burning of the 
place from what is now known as Margaretta Point, or 
somewhere along the shore of the Bay on the South. 

The enemy were evidently in a hurry, not even then in 
daylight knowing what force might suddenly attack them 
from the woods. The flour was partly on the second floor 
of the warehouse. They rolled it out without lowering it. 
and barrels that broke were left. They secured but little. 
The most of the supplies, pork, flour and whiskey had been 
carried back into the woods, on the low ground between the 
present site of the Episcopal church and Lummis Hall. Daniel 
Arms had been very active in removing these supplies and 
though the various lists of names do not include him as being 
at the Point that night yet there is no doubt but that he was 


The British put on shore the prisoners taken, Farr, Britton 
and Saulter, not caring to retain them. 

The family of Col. Fitzhugh (he himself having died in 
1 8 10) passed the night in great suspense. Living on the hill 
overlooking the bay a mile south, they had buried or other- 
wise secreted all their plate or other valuables. They hung 
bed-quilts over all the windows to prevent any ray of light 
finding its way out. The widow, the children and the ser- 
vants had no sleep that night. The next morning they saw 
the smoke of the burning village darkening the sky, and it 
was onl)r when the sails of the British fleet were seen disap- 
pearing in the distance that they experienced a sense of relief 
and concluded that their home was not to be a target for Eng- 
lish cannon. 

Timothy Axtell, when the alarm was given, went to a neigh- 
bors to borrow a gun. The man being absent from home the 
wife refused to lend the weapon. It lay on hooks over the 
door, whereupon Axtell took it without further ceremony. 
Afterwards the man sued Axtell before a justice of the 
peace at Canandaigua, and obtained 6J cents damages. his " Field Book of the War of 1812," gives the 
following account of this affair. It is not entirely correct, as 
will be seen below, but as an extract from a work which occu- 
pies a prominent place in many public libraries, it is worthy 
of notice. 

Speaking of the operations of the British fleet upon Lake 
Ontario, he says: 

" Sailing eastward they appeared off Sodus Bay on Friday, 
" the 1 8th of June, and on the following evening a party of 
" about one hundred, fully armed, landed at Sodus Point 
" (now in Wayne county) for the purpose of destroying the 
" American stores known to be deposited there. These had 
" been removed to a place of concealment a little back of the 
" village. The enemy were exasperated on finding the store- 
" houses empty, and threatened to destroy the village if the 
"place of concealment of their contents should not be re- 
" vealed. The women and children fled in alarm. A 
" negro, compelled by threats, gave the enemy the desired 
" information ; and they were marching in the direction of 
" the stores when they were confronted [at a bridge over a 
"ravine] by forty men under command of Capt. [Turner] of 
" Lyons. A sharp skirmish occurred in which each party lost 


" two men. Both parties fell back, and the foiled British, as 
" they returned to their vessels, burned the public store- 
" houses, five dwellings and the old Williamson Hotel. 
" They laid waste property valued at about $25,000. From 
" Sodus the British squadron continued its course eastward 
" and appeared off Oswego with a wish to enter the harbor 
" and seize or destroy stores there, but Sir James, who was a 
" cautious commander, did not venture in, and on the morn- 
" ing of the 21st the squadron turned westward and for 
" several days lay off the Niagara River." 

Lossing adds this note : 

" Capt. Luther Redfield, of Clyde, Wayne county, in a let- 
ter to the author, written in February, i860, when the old 
soldier was about 86 years of age, says : 

" In a log house a few rods north of the present Presbyter- 
" ian church, in the village of Junius, public worship was 
"being held on Sunday, [June 13,*] following the attack. 
" The attack was the Saturday evening before. As the 
" afternoon service was about to commence a horseman 
" came dashing up at full speed with the news of the British 
" invasion. 

" Luther Redfield was a Captain in the regiment of Colonel 
" Philetus Swift. There were also several non-commissioned 
" officers in the church. 

"These were sent to arouse the military of the neighbor- 
" hood, and by 5 o'clock Captain Redfield was on the march 
" with about one hundred men. They halted most of the 
" night a few miles north of Lyons, but resumed their march 
" by moonlight, towards morning. They arrived at Sodus a 
" little after sunrise, on Monday morning. The British were 
" gone from the village, but the fleet was still in sight. 

"The company remainedabout a week at Sodus Point, and 
" were then discharged." 

The account given by Lossing, mingles the events of 
Saturday evening and Sunday morning in a confused way ; 
and the story of the interview with a negro, about the con- 
cealment of the stoi-es, has no support in local tradition. 

The author of this volume, born in Sodus, has conversed 
with a score or more of those who were in the engagement 
at the Point, and never heard such an incident mentioned, 
until recently. 

An affidavit found elsewhere, gives probably the true 
story as to the information given by the negro. 

* Should be 20th! 


The following is probably a correct statement of the hos- 
tile forces on Lake Ontario in the fall of 1813 : 


Corvette ship, General Pike, carrying 28 guns. 

Ship Madison, " 24 " 

Brig Oneida, " 18 " 

Schooner Sylph, " 10 " 

" Governor Tompkins, '■ 4 " 

" Conquest, " 2 ', 

" Ontario, " 2 " 

" Pert, " I " 

Lady of the Lake, " i " 


Ship General Wolfe, 
" Royal George, 
Brig Earl Moira, 
A new Brig, 

Schooner Prince Regent, 
" Sir Sidney Smith, 
" Growler, captured from 

the Americans, 
" John, captured from the 





27 guns, 


24 " 
18 " 
18 " 


16 " 


18 " 


There was an alarm in relation to Sodus Point, in May, 
1 8 14, as appears by the following : 

From the Ontario Messenger of May 10, 18 14. 

Oswego having been taken by the British, the Messenger 
says : 

" In addition to the above, we learn that Col. Swift's regi- 
ment of militia marched, on Sunday last, (May 8,) for the 
protection of Sodus, and an express left here on Sunday 
evening, to give timely notice of the approach of the enemy 
at the Genesee river." 

In a history of the war between the United States and 
Great Britain, which went through three editions in the 
next year after the close of the war we find the following 
paragraph : 


" On the iSth of May, 1814, the enemy landed several hun- 
" dred men at Pultney ville, ^which is on the marg-in of Lake 
" Ontario,) and took possession of 100 barrels damaged flour, 
" which were in a store close by the lake. General Swift, on 
" hearing of the advance of the enemy, reached Pultneyville 
" with about 130 volunteers and militia; but deeming the 
" force too small to oppose a numerous enemy, within range 
" of the guns of his fleet, he did not dispute the possession of 
"the damaged flour; but finding the enemy proceeding to 
" other depredations, he commenced a fire on him from an 
" adjacent wood, which wounded several and compelled him 
"to re-embark, when a cannonade commenced from the fleet 
"on the town, without doing material injury. A large 
" quantity of flour was deposited about a mile from the 
" town, which the enemy chose to forego the plunder of, 
" rather than trust himself in the woods with General Swift 
" and his riflemen." 

The above paragraph was doubtless condensed from the 
following article that was published in the Ontario Messen- 
ger of Canandaigua, about two weeks after the event. This 
appears from the similarity of the language used : 

"On Saturday morning (15th ult.,) the British squadron 
was discovered making towards Pultneyville, and informa- 
tion was sent to General Swift, who repaired thither in the 
course of the succeeding night with 130 volunteers and 

" On Sunday a flag was sent on shore demanding a peace- 
able surrender of all public property and threatening an im- 
mediate destruction of the village (which is on the margin 
of the Lake) in case of refusal. General Swift returned for 
answer that he should oppose any attempt to land by all the 
means in his power. 

" Soon after the return of this flag General Swift was 
induced by the pressing soHcitations and entreaties of the 
inhabitants of the town to permit one of the citizens to go to 
the enemy with a flag of truce and offer up the surrender of 
the property contained in a storehouse at the water's edge, 
consisting of about 100 barrels of flour considerably dam- 
aged, on condition that the commanding officers would 
stipulate not to take any other nor molest the inhabitants. 

"Before the return of this flag the enemy sent their boats 
with several hundred men on shore, who took possession of 
the flour in the store and were proceeding to further depre- 

" General Swift, whose force was too inferior to justify 
an open attack (and which if attempted must have exposed 


his men to the guns of the whole fleet) commenced a fire 
upon them from an adjacent wood, which wounded several 
and became so harrassing as to induce them to re-embark, 
when they commenced a cannonade from the fleet upon 
the town, which was continued for some time but with no 
other injury than a few shot-holes through the houses. 
Three hundred barrels of good flour had been removed back 
from the storehouse a few days before leaving the damaged 
flour, which was the only booty the enemy obtained. The 
300 barrels were carried back of the town, of which the enemy 
were appraised by some prisoners they had taken. But they 
chose to forego the plunder of it rather than risk themselves 
in the wood with General Swift and his riflemen." 

From memoranda among the papers of the late William 
Rogers it appears that his battalion was called out several 
times to guard the stores at Pultneyville. One order 
calling the i©en out was issued July 8, 181 3, and another one 
December 21, 181 3. On each occasion the battalion was 
under arms two or three days. 

When the news was received that the British fleet was 
hovering along the Southern shore of Lake Ontario early 
in May, 18 14, — a small force of militia were sent to Pultney- 
ville for the defense of the place. 

Probably Major Rogers' Battalion was called out as it had 
been on the two occasions mentioned above. The published 
account quoted also shows that a special alarm was given on 
Saturday morning which called General Swift to the place 
with additional men. They arrived Saturday night. The 
next morning the lake and land were covered with a thick 
fog. General Swift paraded his militia in the principal 
street on the morning of Sunday, and was giving them 
something of a drill when the fog lifted and disclosed the 
British fleet anchored in front of the village. The Ameri- 
cans might have been cut to pieces by a broadside from 
the British guns but the fleet had been in the fog as well as 
the village, and the surprise was doubtless mutual. The 
militia finished their drill by a movement not laid down 
in the manual of arms. 

In other words " they took to the woods ; " though that 
may not be the military phrase appropriate to the situa- 
tion. The steps that followed next are not very clearly set- 


tied in local tradition but negotiations took place. Samuel 
Ledyard drew up a written stipulation surrendering this 
government property in the warehouse.* 

The order of procedure is supposed to have been as fol- 
fows : The British sent a boat ashore under a flag of truce 
bringing a written demand for the surrender of the place. 
Russell Whipple, Andrew Cornwall and Samuel Ledyard, 
responded with a white handkerchief on a stick and received 
the officers. The British boat returned to the fleet. Gen. 
Swift indignantly refused to sign any agreement for sur- 
rendering the public property, and proposed to make the best 
defense possible — but finally did sign the paper drawn up 
by Samuel Ledyard or authorized it. Under a flag of truce 
a boat was then sent out to the fleet in which Samuel Led- 
yard, Russell Whipple and probably Edward Phelps car- 
ried the stipulation of surrender- It was accepted. This 
is not quite the statement of the newspaper account, but 
the difference is of little or no importance. The capitula- 
tion stipulated that the flour in the Ledyard warehouse 
should be delivered up without resistance This warehouse 
was the west one of the two that stood until a few years 
ago in the rear of the present Reynold's store. The store 
of Mr. Ledyard in 1814 was about on the site of the present 
dwelling-house which stands just north of the Post-office 
building. At that time there was a fence on the north side 
of the street enclosing a yard around the warehouse. It is 
generally claimed that the stipulation made with the enemy 
required them to not only respect private property and 
refrain from any injury to the inhabitants but to remain 
upon the grounds around the warehouse while taking the 
flour. The agreement was completed and the British 
landed and engaged in taking the flour.f 

* T. Scott Ledyard states that he has always understood that his father drew 
up the article of capitulation on the top of his hat while going out in the boat. 
If so he must have had General Swift's authority to sign it for him or had 
his signature in blank. At this distance of time there are of course many of 
these minor points that can neither be accurately determined nor reconciled 
with each other. 

f The British though they afterwards scattered and committed depredations, 
yet in landing drew up in order before the warehouse and asked for the Amer- 
ican oflBcers in command to formally deliver to them the flour. No one appear- 
ing, either with the permission of the citizens who had made the negotiations 
or without it, they began to load the flour into their boats. 


The American militia was divided into two companies. 
One under command of Major Wm. Rogers was posted 
under the bank along by Craggs present grist-mill. This 
company moved during the skirmish to the east and halted 
in what is now Washington Throop's seven-acre-field. The 
other company was commanded by General Swift and were 
stationed in the ravine that crosses Jay street south of the 
present residence of Mrs. Owen. 

The British officers and soldiers soon exceeded the limits 
assigned to them in the agreement. They were in the street 
and in the bar-room of the Whipple tavern. One or more went 
as far as Mr. Williams' house, who lived about on the site of 
the present Methodist church. Others went to the house of 
Andrew Cornwall, the building that stood west of the Union 
church down to 1880. There the)' forced an entrance, thrust 
a bayonet through the door, and damaged milk and other 
supplies. Believing these movements to be a violation of 
the agreement, General Swift may have ardered the militia 
to fire, but it is generally agreed that the first shot was unau- 
thorized.* James Seeley came out of the woods near the 

* It is a long disputed and perhaps a never-to-be-settled question whether there 
was a breach of the stipulations of surrender by the British or not. The 
newspaper account given above states that the British attacked the place before 
the pending negotiations were completed. That before the return of the boat 
with the American flag they landed several hundred men and commenced taking 
the stores ; if so, that would be a violation of the flag of truce, and justified the 
firing upon them by the Americans. This newspaper account was written 
within two weeks after the event, and if the unknown writer was an impartial 
witness, having no object in coloring the facts, it w^ould be testimony far out- 
weighing tradition. Still local tradition is so strong and it has been so univer- 
sally stated for the last fifty years, that a stipulation was signed and that the 
British commenced taking the flour in pursuance thereof, that we are obliged 
to accept that view. There are men now living at Pultneyville who remember 
back to within a very few years of the events, and sons of men who made the 
negotiations. A stipulation must have been signed. There is and has been, 
universal agreement at Pultneyville upon that fact. The wording of the stipu- 
lation is somewhat in doubt. If the British were limited to the warehouse 
yard and they ' 'got over the fence," they violated the agreement and that justified 
the Americans' fire upon them. If they were not confined to the exact yard, and 
yet commenced depredations upon private property, that justified the Ameri- 
can's fire. If they did not, then the Americans violated the agreement by firing 
upon the British, Yet both the newspaper account and local tradition agree 
that in one or the other of the two ways mentioned the British did violate the 
terms of the surrender and the Americans were justified in firing upon them. 


house of Mrs Owen, and seeing " a red coat " near the well of 
the Whipple tavern, (a well now covered by a portion of the 
house,) dehberately fired at him * The shot passed through 
his arm. There was instant commotion. The British sol- 
diers, who are said to have landed from their Batteaux with 
unloaded guns, loaded forthwith. There was a scattering 
of both sides. In the scuffle the British seized as prisoners, 
Richard White, bartender; Prescott Fairbanks, Mr. Led- 
yard's clerk, and Russell Cole. The latter jumped away in 
front of Ledyard's store, dashed around it to the creek and 
swam over to the other side. While all this was occurring, 
Mr. Brockway stepped out from the woods and fired upon a 
Batteaux that carried a swivel gun and was lying near the 
shore, opposite the foot of Jay street. The swivel gun 
returned the fire promptly, and the second or third time it was 
prematurely discharged, and severely wounded one or more 
British soldiers. Not many minutes elapsed before the 
enemv, having loaded and regained their boats, commenced 
a scattering musketry fire, paying their particular respects 
to the bushes into which Russell Cole had escaped. An 
old ashery on that side of the creek bore marks of bullets 
for some years. 

A British soldier up stairs in the tavern, who, (as tradition 
states it) was attempting to break open a chest containing the 
Masonic paraphernalia, lost his life by the fire of his own 
men. Shot in the back while kneeling at the chest, he was 
dead when the retreat was ordered. Either with or without 
orders the Americans returned the • musketry fire to some 
extent. Simultaneously with the opening of the firing on 
land a cannonade was begun from the vessels of the fleet ; at 
first with elevated range throwing balls in a few instances a 
mile south. Then when they supposed they had stopped 
recruits from coming in they fired some distance to the west 

• Mr. Ansel Cornwall, whose father was walking with the officer at the time 
the latter was wounded, states that they were a little further west, near Mr. 
Cragg's present house. There had been some firing in the woods just before, 
and to the officer's question what that meant, Mr. Cornwall had replied that he 
presumed the boys were shooting pigeons. As the officer was struck, he said : 
" I think the boys mean to have some fun," and turning to Mr. Cornwall or 
others he added : " Take care of yourselves, there may be some sharp work," 
or some remark of that kind. 


and some distance to the east. After that the range upon 
each extreme was brought nearer and nearer together as if 
driving the American force to the centre, through which they 
afterwards fired steadily. This is the description of the can- 
nonade given to the writer by Robert A. Paddock and Lyman 
Dunning of Sodus, many years ago. The affair ended as 
abruptly as it commenced. Whether on account of news 
suddenly signaled to the fleet from a distance, or for some 
other cause, an order from the fleet recalled the boats in 
great haste. The British soldiers hurriedly carried their 
dead comrade down the stairs of the tavern, striking his 
head it is said on the steps, pushed off to the fleet ; and the 
latter immediately making sail disappeared in the distance. 

The prisoners White and Fairbanks were taken away and 
sent to Halifax. It was some months before they were 
released. Richard White survived, until a recent date, ir\ 
Williamson. Fairbanks was the son of Rev. Eleazer Fair- 
banks the early Presbyterian minister of Palmyra who set- 
tled at what is still known as Fairbanks' Point east of Pult- 
neyville. He went to Halifax and secured the release of 
his son. The health of the latter was injured by the expos- 
ure and he died not long after the war. He left one son, 
Rufus Fairbanks, and a son of the latter bearing the same 
name as his grandfather, resides at Williamson. The widow 
of Prescott Fairbanks, the prisoner, afterwards beeame the 
wife of Colonel Cottrell of Williamson. 

Russell Cole was a blacksmith by trade and also a gun- 
smith ; an ingenious mechanic and withal something of a 
hunter. He could make a rifle and use it. He married a 
daughter of Deacon Abraham Pepper. 

About six miles above Pultneyville the British had landed, 
seized Noah Fuller and Captain Church and compelled 
them to act as pilots in approaching Pultneyville. The fam- 
ilies left the village mostly at the discovery that the fleet 
was before the place. Samuel Throop took, his wife and 
children to the Hatch place, the house still standing on the 
old Shipley homestead just north of Isaac Shipley's brick 
dwelling-house. Several cannon balls fell in the field oppo- 
site and they moved on, to the house of Thomas Fish. 



Mrs. Andrew Cornwall and others went up to the Decroif 
place and from there to the Albright house a mile west.* 

Balls have been ploughed up in the vicinity of the house 
now belonging to Dr. A. P. Sheldon, then the place of 
Jacob W. Hallet. It was a prominent object from the lake 
and a good target for cannon practice. The gunners were 
not very successful, however, in their aim, as the house was 
not struck. There was a hole made by a cannon ball in the 
old Selby house which now stands on the west corner at 
the foot of Jay street. It remained there many years and 
only disappeared when the building was repaired. Balls 
have also been found at various places in and around the 
village ; on the present place of Ansel Cornwall and on the 
present farm of Evelyn Cornwall. 

The Enterprise built at Pultney ville, was employed in the 
government service. Loaded with flour and pork for Fort 
Niagara it was chased by a British cruiser. The crew ran 
the Enterprise into Eighteen Mile Creek, scuttled her and 
carried the sails away into the woods. The British boats 
captured and refitted the craft for use in their service. 

Samuel Ledyard owned a trading sloop f during the war. 
It was chartered by the government at one time and a load 
of supplies taken to Sackett's Harbor. The late Abraham 
Pepper of Pultneyville was one of the crew on that trip. 

The families living at Pultnevville, or near there, at the 

* Kussell Cole who had escaped through the creek joined them having on 
his drenched clothes. "While they were going along, a clearing hrought the 
party in sight of the fleet and a volley of giape shot was fired after them doing 
no damage however. 

f We suppose that it is of this vessel that the late Milton Fairbanks used to 
tell an amusing incident. While on a trading expedition with only one old rusty 
musket on board in the way of arms, they saw at no great distance a boat full 
of men which the crew believed to be British. As an attempt at defence they 
loaded the old musket to the muzzle filling it up with slugs, nails, etc. Bal- 
ancing it across a box they determined to give the enemy one gun at least. 
Cautiously touching it ofE with a coal of fire the effect was astonishing— the 
noise was like the report of a cannon. The old musket " kicking " rebounded 
into the lake and has never been seen since. The men in the boat expecting to 
be sunk by the next shot, hoisted a white handkerchief and pulled in to sur- 
render. The boat load liad consisted of six Yankee prisoners under a British 
guard, but a few. hours before the Yankees had overpowered the guard and 
the latter were now the prisoners. 


time of the attack, are shown in the following names upon 
the road warrants of 18 14, for Districts No. 21 and No. 31 : 

George D. Phelps, Oliver Phelps, William Holling, John 
Abell, William Alcock, Jacob W. Hallett, Samuel Ledyard, 
Rufus P. Fairbanks, William L. Grandin, Samuel Throop, 
Jared C. Selby, James Calhoun, Jr., Milton Fairbanks, of 
No. 21. 

Nathaniel Babbitt, Elijah Stocking, Abraham Pepper, 
Abraham Pepper, Jr., John De Kroift, Andrew Cornwall, 
William Waters,*of No. 31. 

There may, however, have been others who were not 
assessed for road work, by reason of not being on the assess- 
ment roll of the town. 

Alvah Fuller, Esq., now a resident of Aurora, 111., sends 
the following : 

"My grandfather, Thomas Fuller of North Adams, Mass., 
was one of the early volunteers in the Revolutionary war. 
He died at the house of his daughter, Berthy Wood, in 
Macedon, Wayne Co., N. Y., in i8t6. My father, Noah 
Fuller," was captain of an Independent Rifle Company, dur- 
ing the war of 18 12, in Ontario, Wayne County, N. Y. He 
was taken prisoner while residing on his farm, in Ontario, six 
miles west of Pultney ville, on the lake shore. It was a pleasant 
day in the summer of 1814, when the British war vessel King 
George, came sailing down the shore opposite my father's farm, 
threw out her anchors and sent one of her gun boats with 
twelve red coats on shore. My mother and children took 
my father's uniform, sword and rifle, went out the back door 
to the woods and hid them in a heap of brush, while my 
father and Captain Church, an old Revolutionary soldier, 
walked down to the beach to meet the red coats, who in- 
formed them that the captain wanted to see them on board 
the King George. They ordered them to go with them, and 
-when aboard set sail and carried them down the lake to 
Pultneyville, where the United States Government had 
certain military stores, guarded by a few militia, who refused 
to let the British land until they had fired several cannon 
balls through the old two story "Whipples's" public house, 
which made the glass and splinters fly. Under the rules of 
war they could not hold Captains Fuller and Church as 
prisoners and they were set free and after a walk of four 
miles, brought them home quite late. After this, Captain 
Fuller and his company were called into active service, 
crossing into Canada at Lewiston, where they remained until 
the close of the war, when the most disgraceful peace, as 


Captain Fuller always said, was consented to by our goy- 
ernment. This was the time to have conquered Canada, 
but we still have it to do. My oldest son, Joseph Allen 
Fuller, settled at Emporia, Kansas, and in 1857 was deputy 
sheriff of Lyons county. When the Rebellion broke out, 
he was requested to assist Colonel Mitchell in raising a reg- 
iment. Joseph A. Fuller was First Lieutenant of the com- 
pany raised at Emporia. Their first battle was at Wilson's 
Creek, Missouri, where General Lyons fell. Colonel 
Mitchell was shot in the shoulder, and Lieutenant Fuller 
received a ball in his side. He was afterward shot in the 
head, taken from the field, surviving until he reached his 
home, when he expired, having given his young life for the 
country he loved." 

At the time of the Pultneyville affair there was a saw-mill 
North of the main street and West of the creek ; the dam 
being where the street now crosses near the residence of 
Harvey Auchampach. There was also a grist-mill about 
on the site of the present Pallister warehouse, either then 
built or soon after. 

When the militia were stationed at Pultneyville during the 
war they used for their headquarters the barn of Samuel 
Throop, which then stood on the North side of the street 
East of the present Reynolds house. 

The British left Pultneyville in such a hurry that the crew 
of one of the Batteaux lying at the warehouse cut the rope 
that fastened the boat instead of unloosing it. The part cut 
off was used by the Throops for several years, upon the wind- 
lass of their well. 


We have first the official record of the claimants to whom 
awards were made under Chapter 176 of the Laws of 1859. 

Index of awards on claims of the soldiers of the war of 
1812 as audited and allowed by the Adjutant and Inspec- 
tor-Generals pursuant to Chapter 176 of the Laws of 1859.* 
Daniel J. Abbott, Lyons, $80 00 

Francis B. Ackler, Sodus, 50 00 

James Andrew, Walworth, 55 00 

* " The Adjutant and Commissary -Generals were appointed a commission to 
determine the sums due for the contingent expenses of the militia in the War 
of 1813," and the money awarded was to be paid by the State " as soon as the 
money shall have been received from the government of the United States." 



Oliver Atwell, 
Benjamin Austin, 
Moses Austin, 
Mattolus Avery, 
Matholtus Avery, 
Elijah Baker, 
George Baker, Jr. 
Zachariah Baker, 
David Barclay, 
Simeon J. Barrett, 
Silas Barton, 
Sylvanius Bassett, 
Sylvenus Bassett, 
John Bell, 
George Benton, 
Gilbert R. Berry, 
William Birdsall, 
John Blanchard, 
Benj. D. Bloomer, 
John Boucher, 
George Boynton, 
James Bradshaw, 
Isaac Bramer, 
Peter Brant, 
Andrew D. Bromfield, 
Peter Brower, 
Ansel Bruce, 
Garry Burnham, 
Simeon Burnett, 
Daniel Chapman, 
Stephen R. Chapman, 
Abner Chase, 
Joseph Church, 
Israel J. Clapp, 
Jacob Clapper, 
Jacob Clapper, 
Isaac Clark, 
Newton Clark, 
Phineas C. Clark, 
Richard S. Clute, 
William B. Coggshall, 
David Cole, 
Samuel G. Cole, 
Jason Collier, 
Nathan P. Colvin, 
John D. Connors, 
James Covell, 

Marion, | 

; 71 00 


16 00 


65 00 

55 00 


55 00 


15 00 


II 50 

Wayne County, 

II 50 


55 00 

Rose, still living. 

51 00 


21 00 

Savannah, (by adm'r,) 

59 00 

Savannah, (by widow,) 

58 00 

Wayne County, (by widow,) 

55 00 


55 00 


58 SO 

Wayne County, 

54 00 


88 00 

Lyons, (by widow,) 

50 00 


60 00 

Walworth, (by admin'x,) 

41 00 


33 00 


28 00 


50 00 


8 00 


55 00 


13 50 


21 00 


30 00 


no 00 


9 00 


23 00 


22 00 


58 00 


12 00 

Rose, (by widow,) 
Wayne Co., (by widow,) 

65 00 

55 00 

Arcadia, (by admin.,) 

65 00 

Wayne Co., 

58 00 


80 00 


43 00 

Lyons, (by admin.,) 

53 00 

61 00 

Sodus, (by admin.,) 

55 00 


29 00 


30 00 


55 00 



Joseph G. Crandall, 
Samuel Crandall, 
John Creager, 
Zephaniah F. Culver, 
Seth Curtis. 
Joseph Darby, 
John Davenport, 
Bebee Denison, 
Beebe Denison, 
John W. Denton, 
Jesse Devoe, 
Theodore Dickinson, 
Isaac Dickson, 
John Dixon, 
Daniel Doan, 
Daniel Dodge, 
Thomas E. Dorsey, 
Nathan Drake, 
Azel Eaton, 
Ethan Enos, 
Daniel Failing, 
Thomas Fish, 
Benjamin Ford, 
Eleazer Fuller, 
John Furlong, 
Henry Gale, 
John Gardner, 
Samuel Garlick, 
Dyer Gay, 
Oren Ga3-Iord, 
John Goodsell, 
Daniel Gould, 
Benjamin Grandy, 
Joseph Grandy, 
James Grant, 
Calvin Griffin, 
George Grimes, 
Wm. Griswold, 
Jacob P. Grout, 
James F. Gurnee, 
Abner Hand, 
John Harmon. 
James Harper, 
Gideon Harrington, 
John S. Harrington, 
Lyman Hatch, 
Isaac Herrington, 


Ontario, (by admin.,) 




Wayne Co., (by widow,) 







Arcadia, (by widow,) 

Wayne Co., 




Arcadia, drummer, 

Macedon, (by admin.,) 




Galen, (by widow), 




Wolcott, (by widow,) 





Walworth, (by admin.,) 


Walworth, (by admin.,) 




Rose, (by widow,) 



Galen (by widow,) 






Arcadia, (by widow,) 









































58 50 

58 50 







































58 50 













William Hewlett, 
Samuel Hill, 
Isaac Hodges, 
Darius C. Hollinbeck. 
Riley HoUey, 
Samuel Hunn, 
Thomas Hopkins, 
Richard Hultz, 
Nathan Jeffers, 
John Kerby, Jr., 
Christopher King, 
Elias Knapp, 
Daniel Knapp, 
Charles Knox, 
Peter Labertaux, 
John Lamareaux, 
James LaRue, 
Isaac Lawrence, 
Peter Lloyd, 
Joseph Lock wood, 
Ira Lathrop, 
James Lovejoy, 
Samuel Lucas, 
Jacob P. Lusk, 
Robert H. McArthur, 
John McCarty,* 
John McConnelly, 
John McConnelly, 
Thomas McDowell, 
John McMindes, 
Henry Mack, 
Henry Madan, 
Dennis Magden, 
WiUiam Marble. 
Richard Martin, 
Benjamin Mason, 
Isaac Masten, 
Jonathan Mason, 
Beekman Mead, 
Jacob J. Merrick, 
John W. Messenger, 
Jeduthan Mofiat, 
Horace Morley, 
Samuel Negus, 
James Norcutt, 
Job B. Norris, 


$ 12 50 

Arcadia, (by widow,) 

75 00 


34 00 


53 00 


28 50 


55 00 


23 00 

Lyons, (by widow,) 

55 00 

Rose, (bv widow,) 

60 00 

Wayne Co., 

58 00 


58 GO 


45 00 

Wayne Co., 

22 00 


55 00 


41 50 


55 00 


50 00 


55 00 


70 00 


51 00 


55 00 


58 00 


52 00 


24 00 

Wolcott, (by admin.,) 

100 00 

Sodus, (by widow,) 

38 00 


90 00 

Wayne Co., 

61 00 

Wayne Co., 

75 00 


75 00 


58 00 


57 00 


70 00 

Arcadia, . 

70 00 


55 00 


60 00 


19 00 


57 00 


58 GO 

Arcadia, (by widow,) 

58 00 


55 00 


55 00 


90 00 


39 00 

Walworth, (by widow,) 

55 00 


60 00 

* He died May 12, 1831. 



Daniel H. Norton, 
Lyman Olmsted, 
Benjamin Osborn, 
Shadrack Osborn, 
Nathan Osborn, 
George Palmer, 
Henry Parks, 
Reuben Parks, 
John Patrick, 
Daniel Patterson, 
Simeon Phelps, 
Nehemiah Phillips, 
Simeon Pitcher, 
John Pratt, 
Stephen Pray, 
Andrew Preston, 
George Proper, 
Nicholas Pullen, 
John Purdy, 
Willard Randall, 
George Randolph, 
John G. Rarick, 
John Rhea, 
Ethan Roberts, 
Daniel Roe, 
Daniel R. Rozell, 
Ambrose Salisbury, 
Gamaliel Sampson, 
John Sebring, 
Moses Seeley, 
Abraham Sherman, 
Henry J. Sherman, 
Sebastian Shibley, 
Cornelius Simmons, 
Jeremiah Smith, 
John Smith, 
John J. Smith, 
John Snook, 
Richard H. Speed, 
Simon Sprague, 
Stephen Sprague, 
Isaac N. Springer, 
David Sprong, 
James Stevenson, 
William Stewart, 
Samuel Strickland, 
Isaac Stephen, 

Sodus, (by widow,) 


Galen, (by widow,) 


Galen, (by widow,) 






Wolcott, (admin't'x.,) 





Wayne Co., 

Wayne Co., 

Sodus, (by admin't'x.,) 




Sodus, (by widow,) 

Lyons, (by widow,) 






Wayne Co., 




Lyons, (by executors,) 


Arcadia, (by widow,) 






Savannah, (by widow,) 






Lyons, (by widow,) 



























38 50 

































































80 00 


William Taylor, 
Ezra Thomas, 
Samuel T. Thurston, 
Asahel Tickner, 
Simeon Torrey, 
Moses Tucker, 
Ephraim Turner, 
Anthony M. Tyler, 
Abijah Upham, 

Sodus, (by widow,) 




Sodus, (by admin.,) 





Abraham J. Van Alstyne,Wayne Co., 

Michael Vanderhoof, 
Martin Van Dyke, 
Peter Van Etten, 
John M. Van Fleet, 
Philip Van Nortwich, 
Joshua Van Wagenen, 
Lewis Velie, 
Charles H. Viel, 
Jacob P. Vosburgh, 
Nathaniel Wadley, 
John O. Wadsworth, 





Savannah, (by widow,*) 



Wayne Co., 



Wayne Co., 

Gardner O. Wadsworth, Walworth, (by admin.,) 

Solomon Walker, 
Georee J. Walrath, 
John B. Warner, 
John, J. Watters, 
Henry Weaver, 
John H. Weaver, 
Richard West, 
Thomas West, 
James Western, 
Nathan Weaver, 
Earl Wilcox, 
James Williams, 
Abner Wood, 
John Woodard, 
William Woolsen, 
John Wormwood, 







Sodus, (by executors,) 



Sodus, (by admin.,) 


Lyons, (by admin.,) 





$ 61 00 
85 00 
55 00 
63 00 
55 00 
55 00 
60 00 
55 00 
58 00 
58 00 
58 00 
55 00 
17 00 
58 00 
55 00 
52 00 

19 00 
58 00 
50 00 
58 00 
22 00 
55 00 
55 00 
55 00 
84 00 
55 00 
55 00 
50 00 
13 00 
25 00 
50 00 
75 00 
43 25 
50 00 
17 00 

20 00 
70 00 
19 50 


The following names in addition to the above are furnished 
from Theodore Dickinson's agency, Newark, for whom 
awards were procured. It is not clear why they are not on 
the printed list at Albany : 
Russell Alford, Henry S. Nash, 

Wasson Briggs, Nathan Noyes, 

*Widow still living, (May, 1883.) 


Ira Case, Preston R. Parker, Arcadia,* 

William W. Crawford, Richard Ryan, Savannah,t 

Adam A. Flint, Benjamin Rynders, 

Peter P. Fotts, Jacob Showerman, Arcadia, 

Ezra Grenell, Israel Springer, Marion, 

Frederick L. Harter, Thomas Stafford, Arcadia, 

Alison Hayward, Robert Smith, 

Daniel Harding, William Tinney, Arcadia, 

Henry Krake, Azel Throop, 

Levi C. Lyon, C. P. Tibbits, 

James H. Meags, John Watts, 

Jotham Marshall, Clark Warren. 

Josiah McDowell, 

Mr. A. F. Redfield, of Clyde, also furnishes a copy of the 
muster roll of the company commanded by his father belong- 
ing to the Seventy-First Infantry, which was called out on 
Sunday, June 13, 18 13, as already mentioned: 

Captain — Luther Redfield. 

Sergeants — Abraham Stocker, Daniel Dryer, Samuel 
Crager, James Bartle. 

Corporals — Joseph H. Brown, Benjamin Allen, Chester 

Privates — Benjamin Avery, Seth Barnes, William Blan- 
chard, Lemuel Baker, Harlow Burt, Michael Beadle, Harry 
W. Bartle, Nathaniel Betts, Pardon Brownell, Henry 
Boyce, John Boyce, John Bradley, Loami Beadle, Lemuel 
Cobb, Cyrenus Campbell, David Crager, Valentine Crager, 
Philip Crager, Hatfield Cooper, Sumner Chapman, Esquire 
Davenport, Horace Done, Charles Forbes, Elisha Fitch, 
Gilbert Gordon, John Gordon, Craig Gordon, John Gilles- 
pie, Thomas Howe, Thomas Hill Jr., Ezra Hall, Thomas 
Harris, Almond Hill, James High, Joseph Harvey, James 
Hammond, David Jones, Charles Keys, Joseph Keys, Nich- 
olas King, Jr., Ebenezer H. Moore, John Maynard, Samuel 
Mills, Eli Nelson, Alanson Pierce, Jesse Pierce,Elisha Rey- 
nolds, Lemuel Roberts, Timothy Y. Rich, Jabez Reynolds 
Anthony Rouse, Benjamin Reynolds, William B. Reynolds, 
James Ray, Isaac Stocker, David Smith, Nathan Smitn, Lem- 
uel S. Southwick, Lemuel Southwick, James Stephenson, 
Warren Smith, Michael Finnery. John D. Torrington, 
Joshua Vandervost, James M. Watson, George Watson, 
David Wheeler, Philander Woodworth, Hubbard West, 
Timothy Wood. 

* Widow draws a pension. 
t Living, (May, 1883.) 


This company was formed or authorized to be formed April 
6, 1807. The first appointments were David South wick, 
Captain ; Seth Barnes, Lieutenant ; Luther Redfield, Ensign. 
The company belonged to the I02d Regiment, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sayres commanding, of the County of Seneca. 

Luther Redfield was appointed Lieutenant March 6, 1809, 
and Captain February 4, 181 2. Under the same date David 
Southwick was appointed Second Major of the Regiment. 

The commissioned officers appointed from time to time in 
this regiment comprise the names of many early citizens in 
the Eastern part of Wayne, then Seneca County. In a new 
company formed March 2, 18 14, Adonijah Church was ap- 
pointed Captain, John Hyde, Lieutenant, and Norman 
Sheldon, Ensign, as shown in chapter seven.* 

We are indebted to William Van Marter, Esq., of Lyons, 
for the following muster rolls of companies in this vicinity 
as they existed in 18 13 and 18 14. As the regiments to which 
they belonged were ordered out on various occasions and par- 
ticipated to some extent in the engagements at Sodus Point 
and Pultneyville as well as upon the frontier at Buffalo and 
elsewhere, the men as a whole may properly be called 
"soldiers of 1812;" though this will not be true of every 
individual name upon the rolls. Some were represented by 
substitutes ; others were discharged from actual service in 
the field by reason of ill health. Drafts were also made 
from these ranks or volunteers called for, and this relieved 
the remainder from service at times. 

Nevertheless the rolls are an interesting memorial of those 
times and show largely the men who went, or stood their 
chances in a draft. 



Captain — Elias Hull. 
Ensign — William E. Guest. 

* The above list includes the names from Junius and perhaps other territory- 
South of the line of Wayne County. At a later date this company seems to 
have been attached to the 71st Infantry according to the collection of papers in 
the hands of William Van Marter, Esq., of Lyons. 


Sergeants and Corporals — John Gilbert, David Rundale,^ 
James Larue, Henry Perrine, Vini Pease. 

Drummer — Nathaniel Brown. 

Privates— ]o\m Butler, Jonathan Butler, Arthur Rlurphy, 
Lot Hammond, George Featherly, William E. Perrin, 
Henry Slocum, Charles Morgan, William Riggs, Peter 
Quick, Henry Vandercook, William Adams, Aaron Gibbs, 
Cooper Barclay, John Alford, Fred Featherly, Anderson 
Johnson, Henry Beard, Cornelius Vandercook, Isaac Mason, 
Richard Walling, Job Smith, Joseph Beard, Jacob M. Gilbert, 
Newton Clark, Jeremiah Brown, Moses Austin, Garret 
Van Sickle, Joseph Ellis, Charles Terry James Walling, 
Joseph Rue, Morris Pope, Gideon Drake, John BuUard, 
Simeon Knight, Silas Dart, Isaac Austin, Samuel B. Barber, 
Aaron D. Laning, Henry Pope, Gideon Van Gordon, Will- 
iam Rossiter, Samuel Gault, Richard Beard, John Mitchell, 
Elijah Lemmon, James Seton, Jacob Sabring. 


Captain — Peter Perrine, 

Lieutenant — James Beard. 

Ensign — Ebenezer M. Bean. 

Sergeant — Joseph Cole. 

Corporals — Benjamin McMasters, Richard Jacobs. 

Fifer — George Alexander. 

Drummer — Timothy Ruttenber. 

Privates — Moses Hurlburt, Robert Hammell, James Quick, 
James Coats, Sidney Stout, Richard Pelham, Jacob Drake. 
John Austin, Lawrence Hersenger, William Walling, Cor- 
nelius Cuykendall, Benjamin Wager, Phineas C. Riggs, 
John Riggs, John Cuykendall, Israel Churchill, Samuel T. 


Lieutenant — Peter Westfall. 

Sergeants — ^Oliver Granger, James McCarthy, John 
Scott, Peter Van Etten. 

Privates — John S. Shehan, William C. Shehan, Simon 
Westfall, Reuben Brink, Abraham Westbrook, John Mc- 
Carty, James Langdon, Ebenezer D. Redfield, David Miller, 
Henry Crothers, Lot Israel, William Haynes, Abraham 
McCarty, Moses Dewitt, Ephraim Rosecrans, John Huff- 
man, John Van Sickle, George Westfall, Benjamin Ennis, 
James Devine. 


Captain— Elias Cost. 
Lieutenant — ^James Wooden. 
Ensign — Abraham Simmons. 


Sergeants— As2>. Palmer, Jacob M. Shekle, John Hum- 

Corporals— A&ron Crittenden, George W. Glover, Robert 
Grouse, Elijah Russell. 

Privates — Joseph Annan, David Barrett, Joshua Brainard, 
Harwood Bannister, Fred Burnett, Mahlon Cooper, William 
Clark, Moses Condit, Caleb Case, Samuel A. Denniston, 
James Dewitt, Henry Furhoun, John Furdig, Cephas Field, 
Samuel Grant, Hugh Humphrey, George Lov, Charles 
Mattoon, Robert Woodin, Nathaniel Smith, William Hib- 
bard, Charles Humphrey, James Myers, Edward D. 
McDowell, John Nicholson, James Nicholson, James Pullen, 
John S. Parks, Abel Ridner, Stephen Russell, John Shekel, 
Stephen Smith, Benjamin F. Sheldon, Charles Skuse, Calvin 
Stevenson, Jr., Benjamin Wooden, Aaron Young, Stephen 
Young, John Crawson. 


Captain — Michael Mussulman. 

Lieutenant — Stephen Dunwell. 

Ensign — Samuel Howe. 

Sergeants — James Burnet, Joseph Daniels, Jeduthan Hum- 
phrey, Solomon Walker. 

Corporals — -David Eldred, George Field, David Burroughs, 
John B. Warner. 

Privates — John Allyn, George Boyle, John Bruce, Moses 
Burgess, James Crothers, Joel Chapman, James Cuykendall, 
Stephen Dusinberry, Daniel D. Durham, Isaac Delameter, 
Elijah Edmonston, Jonathan Follett, Archibald Gould, 
Charles Goodrich, Casmore Gordon, Silas Greenman, 
Cephas Hawks, Stephen Hall, David Harman, Martin Hyler, 
Stephen Headley, Frederick Houser, John Horton, John 
Hall, Thomas James, Levi Knapp, Levi Kimball, Andrew 
Lown, John Lewis, Thomas Langdon, Joseph Lown, 
WiUiam Stott, Marquis D. Morrison, Samuel Moore, Chris- 
topher Myer, Nathaniel Marble, Ashabel Palmeter, James 
Patterson, Benjamin Pease, Valentine Pease, Maletiah Pease, 
Thomas Rea, Luther Root, Harry H. Robinson, James 
Rosecrans, Dean Swift, Benjamin Sweeney, Elijah Tooley, 
Arthur Van Dyke,.Lodewyck Van Auken, John S. Wiggins, 
Freeborn Wilcox, Samuel. Whiting, Martin Woodard, James 


Captain — Seth Whitmore. 
Lieut e?eant — Daniel Caldwell. 

Sergeants — Joseph Brundage, Isaac W. Fulton, Jedediah 


Corporals — Caleb I. Jones, Christopher Payne, William 

Drummers — Sylvester Rice, James Stevens. 

Privates — Joseph Caldwell, Stephen Paine, Asa Paine, Eben- 
ezer Eaton, Windom Paine, Enos Rice, John Berry, Morris 
Crittenden, Charles Parsons, John Easty, William Higgins, 
Abraham Burckholder, John Freeman, Jacob Freeman, Selah 
Bacon, John M. Cobb, George Ringer, Solomon Ringer, 
James Lane, William Hartwell, Levi Chapman, Isaac Adams, 
Richard Squier, Elutia Ray, John Shriner, Nathan Hawlej, 
Cheney Whitney, Horace Crittenden. Abisha Gleason, Benja- 
min Gleason, Hollis Ivey, Selah Belding, Lucius Warner. 


Captain — James Bogert. 

Lieutenant — Joseph Williams. 

Ensign — Israel Hall. 

Sergeants — David Field, Piatt B. Fairchild, Stephen Brize. 

Corporals — Cephas Shekel, Lansing Z. Mizner. 

Privates — Caleb Fairchild, Samuel Miller, Arthur N. 
Dezeng, John Sloane, Jacob Lanzebae, Thomas Champlin, 
William Mapes, Robert Pratt, Silas Leonard, Henry Bush, 
William Price, Amos Aldrich, Charles Downing, William 
Latter, Jeremiah B. Brown, John Green, Jeremiah Hull, 
John Alverson, Samuel Roberts, Ashbel Cooper, Henry 
Hampshire, Jabez Johnson, Samuel Davis, Alexander 
Stocker, William Cooley, Anson Brocket, Joseph Covey, 
Norman Steel, John Ellison, David Green, Anson Corey, 
Peter Carr, Bostwick Noble, Henry Moore, John Dobbins, 
Joseph Hennip, John Boyd, Horace Garritt, Jonathan 
Springsted, Thomas Hatch, Reuben Thomas, Wm. T. Fra- 
zer, Henry White, Nathan Dascom. 


Captain — ^Thomas Davis. 
Lieutenant — John Shekel. 
Ensign — Samuel Hildreth. 

Sergeants— Hezekiah Baggerly, Alpheus Baggerly, John 

Corporals— Samuel Griffith, George Grimes, Nathaniel 

Privates— John Wilson, Henry Rathbun, Asa Jones, 
Patrick Brooks, Calvin Taylor, John Hanna, Peter Baggerly, 
Colton Crittenden, Henry Cronise, Robert B. Ferguson' 
John B. Palmer, Alpheus Hobbs, David McNeal, Lewis 
Woodward, Hector Seager. 



Captain — John Hine. 

Sergeants — John R. Barnes, Isaac Thompson, Calvin 

Privates — Obed Albert, John Armstrong, Henry Arm- 
strong, Robert Boggs, Nathan C. Brace, Moses Black, Jesse 
Chapman, George Coward, Robert Crozier, Hiram 
Campbell, Ward Cambpell, Charles Cambpell, John Dixon, 
Moses Ellsworth, Joseph Fulton, Daniel Fowle, William 
Glann, Levi Glann, John Hail, Lyman Hitchcock, Jonathan 
Hitchcock, Benjamin Hashed, Robert Hine, Ripley Lom- 
bard, Sherman Lee, Samuel Mapes, Jesse McMichael, 
Benjamin Moody, Zechariah Odell, John Presler, Jr., 
Ebenezer Perkins, Abraham Phillips, Charles Rash, Joseph 
Robson, John Robson, Sr., John Robson, Jr., Gowan 
Robson, Elisha Reynolds, David Ray, Wright Reading, 
Isaac Reynolds, David Squier, Joshua Smith, William 
Scofield, Jesse Smith, Peter Schuyler, George Travis, Adam 
TurnbuU, James Thompson, Nathaniel Thompson, John 
Thompson, Robert Watson, Joshua Witler, James Coax, 
William Brown, Nathaniel Lombard, Japhet Minard, 
Jonathan Squier, Andrew Sutherland, Hezekiah Ferguson. 


Captain — Abner Wood worth. 

Lieutenant — Asa Cole. 

Ensign — Benjamin Havens. 

Sergeants — Charles Gillett, Samuel Brown, Joseph 

Corporals — Seth Hull, Robert Crawford. 

Drummers — Matthew Cole, David Hilton. 

Fifers — Elisha Pierce, Henry Anderson. 

Privates — Nathaniel Avery, Isaac Beaver, John Brooks, 
Peleg Briggs, Solomon Couch, Calpb Clark, Smith M. Cole, 
Caleb Carpenter, Aaron Carpenter, Jehiel C. Griswold' 
Ebenezer Green, Ezra Gleason, Samuel G. Gage, Nehemiah 
Higbie, James Hovey, Amasa Johnson, John Jones, Henry 
Refer, William Murdock, Henry C. Pettit, William Pettit, 
William Proctor, Peter Rump, Philip Ritchie, John Ritchie, 
Schofield Seeley, David Squiers, Henry Simmons, James 
Smith, William Springsted, Lyman Tubbs, George Wilhelm, 
Riley Woodworth, Alfred Wilson, Silas Youngs, John 


Captain — Leonard Smith. 
Lieutenant — William McPherson. 
Ensign — Robert Dixon. 


Sergeants — Stephen Chase, Richard Alverson. 

Drummer Graves. 

Privates— ^sS\.t.r\. Chase, Godfrey Sweet, Peter Kuflan, 
Teben Wickwine, Timothy Maynard, Michael Autre, 
Guite Knickerbocker, George W. Buckley, Elice Pratt, 
Freeman Rice, Deane Squier, George Wood, Robert Minton, 
Silas Parrish, Stephen Whitman, Jenks Phillips, Elisha Lud- 
den, David Fulton, Silas Southwick, William Fiero, Michael 
Isenhour, John Hadley, Jacob Read, Levi Bell, Clark Gard- 
ner, George Gardner, Josiah Smith. 


Captain — John Van Auker. 

Ensign — John Albergh. 

Sergeants — Andrew Dorsey, Thomas E. Dorsey, Daniel 
Dunn, Jose B. Roberts. 

Corporals — William Taylor, Daniel Failing. 

Privates — Upton Dorsey, George Huffman, Samuel Dunn, 
Jr., William Hornbeck, Thomas Brown, Jacob Rubport, John 
Featherly, John Acker, William Baker, Jed Bradley, Benja- 
min Brinks, Isaac Clark, Daniel Clark, Jonathan Clark, James 
Colburn, Elisha Chase, Casper Canard, Daniel Cole, Josiah 
Coudright, James Drake, John Drake, William Davis, Noah 
Davis, Reuben Drake, James Dunn, Thomas H. Down, 
George H. Featherly," John Farling, John Gilbert, Benja- 
min Hartman, Adam Larren, Peter Lord, Andrew Lound, 
Henry Murphy, James Otto, Hugh Owens, Gilbert Parrish, 
Israel Parrish, Reuben Finer, Henry Pitcher, William Pitcher, 
Wm. Perrine, Aquila Parrish, Abraham Quackenbush, John 
Rhea, Andrew Roy, Jacob Shower, Henry Smith, Andrew 
Shower, Thomas Story, Minor Trowbridge, Richard W. Tits- 
worth, Robert Tompkins, James Anken, Jr., Samuel Whit- 
ing, Joseph Varden, Davis Young, Benjamin Timmerman. 


Captain — James Rees, 

Lieutenant — George Goundry. 

Sergeants — William Griffin, Chester Barker, George Ben- 
ton, John T. Clemens. 

Corporals — Jas. Carlton, Peter Lowe, Townsend Valentine. 

Fifer — Alva Dickinson, 

Drummer — Ira Dickinson. 

Privates — George Allen, James Barnes, Rowell Baker, 
James Bucklee, Thomas Barnes, Jonas E. Frear, Henry Fred- 
erick, David S. Hall, Henry Brizie, Guy Jackson, Daniel 
Knapp, Rensselaer Keating, James N. Oakley, Diogenes Mc- 
Kinzy, Caleb PhiUips sen., William Rain, David Wood, 
Isaac Mullender, Anthony Hannip. 



OF 1813. 


Captain — Gilbert Hinkley. 

Lieutenant — Enos Palmer. 

Sergeants — Levi Salisbury, Amariah Rawson, James Hink- 
ley, George Boyington. 

Corporals — George Randolph, Peris St. John, John Dal- 
rymple, Samuel Strickland. 

Privates — Aaron Mayfield, Abner Rawson, Ashael Har- 
mon, Amos Twitchell, Bradley Clark, Beebe Dennison, 
Charles Hinkley, David Salisbury, Daniel Evins, Daniel 
Lyons, Elihu Leach, Grindell Rawson, Isaac Dauley, Jona- 
than Miller, John Randolph, James H. Sentor, Joseph Tink- 
ham, Leonard Blackmore, Lilybridge Gardner, Moses Pad- 
ley, Moses Sutton, Nehemiah Colvin, Nathan Bailey, Oliver 
Smith, Obed Aldrich, Simeon Stebbins, Stephen Chase, 
Wm. Freeland, Wm. J. Totten, Ephraim Slade, Wm. Hams, 
Zubinor Butler, James Stimpson, Nathan Palmer, Samuel 
Millett, Wm. Deitz, Jabez Hanks, Christian Barnhart, David 
Dalrymple, Leonard Tazewell, Wm. Graves, Conrad Gor- 
don, Alvin St. John, Andrew Millett, George Matthewson, 
John Cutler, Henry Dundwell. 

THE YEAR 1813. 

Captain — George Culver. 

Lieutenant — Samuel Soverhill. 

E?isign — Josegihjviigg . 

Sergeants'— Gideon Sherman, Paul Culver, Thomas Staff- 
ord, Stephen Sherman. 

Corporals — John Parshall, Archer Galloway, George H. 
Hopkins, John Kimball. 

Musicians— Q\d.&on Sherman, Drummer, Israel Parshall, 
Fifer, Sherman Bristol, Fifer. 

Privates — Perus Arundel, John Sherman, Jr., Cornelius 
Scott, Wm. Turney, Thomas D. Wright, Joseph Foskett, 
Israel Parshall, Jr., Daniel Beckwith, Horace Tinney, Sim- 
eon Bryant, Martin Easterly, WmL_L!U£.e, John W. Scott, 
James Corwin, Peter Sawerman, Adonijah Fairchild, Rob- 
ert Adams, Alexander Sherman, Billy Franklin, Durfee 
Sherman, Job Sherman, John Hopkins, Silas Reeves, Wm. 
Tinnev, Lemuel Sherman, George Beckwith, Israel Stansell, 
Joseph Tibbets, Henry Parks, Wm. Stansell, Gabriel Soper, 



Vincent Soper, Lewis Joseph, Peter Robinson, Israel 
Owings, Elisha Avery, George Vanosterine, John Cook, 
Luther Sanford, Oliver Clark, Alexander Rowley, Henry 
Lambert, Jonas Miller, Phineas Culver, Hunting Paine, 
Simon Burnet. 

Of Captain Culver's company we have another roll call 
which appears to have been for the year before, June and 
July, 1812. The membership differs so much that we give 
both rolls. After the opening of the war the, company was 
apparently re-organized members being discharged and oth- 
ers enlisted. 

Captain — George Culver. 

Lieutenant — Pardon Durfee. 

Ensign — James Stoddard- 

Sergeants — Gideon Sherman, Seth Eddy, Wm. Wilcox, 
Caleb Thompson. 

Corporals — Azel Throop, David Tiffany, Caleb Thayer, 
John Parshall. 

Musicians — George Durfee, Samuel Springer. 

Privates — ^Charles Parker, Joseph Terrell; Albert Thayer, 
Beniamin Culver, Truman Cobb, Charles Foster, Hudson 
Mer'ritt, George Boyd, Gadias Stafford, Russell M. Rush, 
George Prosser, Smith Wilson, Abner Rawson, Amos Mills, 
Stephen Palmer, Nicholas Fisher, Shaw Segus, Emanuel 
Brockway, Benjamin Mace, Benjamin Shaw, Zebulen B. 
Stout, Samuel Grinnell, Aaron Leak, John Grinnell, Alex- 
ander Mclntyre, Seth R. Cook, Isaac Beach, Nicholas 
Baker, Jonah Hopkins, Daniel Hamlin, Silas Paine, Harvey 
Foster, Horace Tinney, Henry Lambright, Caleb B. Tib- 
bets, John Barber, James Burnet, Peter Parker, Rufus 
Reeves, Dennis Cory, Thomas Glover, Joseph Chamber- 
lain, Thomas Baker, Obadiah Westcott, Zuriel Brown, Amos 
Mills, Cyrenus Blackman, David Fish, David Salisbury, 
Samuel Strickland, John Huggins, George Tucker, Charles 
Findley. Samuel Watson, William Harding, Nathan Terry, 
Parshal Terry, Humphrey Booth, Daniel Twaddell, Ama- 
riah Rawson, Gardner Hicks, George MathewsOn, William 
B. Cogswell, Oliver Hicks, Dyer Webster, Amos B. Phelps, 
Nathan Sumner, Simeon HoUghcon, Theodore Phelps, 
Thomas Franklin, Wilson Osband, Noah Austin, Daniel 
Gould, William Potter, Peleg Corey, Samuel Ball, Nathan 
Corwin, Lilybridge Gardner, Alexander McCreery, Ebenezer 
Franklin, Abraham Kellogg, Lemuel Sherman, Eden 
Reeves, John Shores, Isaac Williams, George Boynton. 
Aaron Merrifield, Simeon Stebbins, George Randolph, Silas 
Gardner, Philetus Blackman, Henry Sage, Solomon Harris. 


The officers of this company were on duty at one time 
about eighteen days ; most of the men twelve days, a part 
only four days. 


Captain — Barzillai Harvey. 

Lieutenant — Stephen Spear. 

Sergeants — William Reed, Zuriel Brown. 

Corporal — Caleb Marsh. 

Drummer — Stephen Jenks. 

Privates — Charles Cook, Christopher F. Keel, David Corn- 
stock, Marquis D. Rush, Royal D. Bradish, Ira Green, Isaac 
Peters, Israel Robbins, Paul Ferris, Jacob Spear, Lemuel 
ijpear, Stephen Ducalon, Levi Howard. 


Captain Gallup's company was composed as follows in 
the year 181 3-' 14: 

Captain — Abraham Gallup. 

Lieutenant — James Calhoun. 

Ensign — Nell Alexander. 

Sergeants — Joseph Ball, Rufus Moody, Enos Sanford, 
Justin Eddy. 

Corporal — Abraham Peer. 

Privates — Walter Watrous, Micajah Hardin, Timothy 
Smith, Thomas Foster, Ebenezer Seymour, Ehsha Wood, 
Timothy Bennett, Thomas Powers, David Ross, Matthew 
Martin, Israel Corwin, Thomas Clark, Samuel Seeley, Azel 
Eaton, Job Harrison, David Upton, Ichabod Bartholomew, 
Isaac Howell, Daniel Webster, Enoch Tuttle, Asel Seymour, 
Alexander White, John Kohite, Joseph Johnson, David 


JANUARY 16, 1813, TO JUNE 24, 1813, AND TO 

DECEMBER 25, 1813. 

Captain — John Holcomb. "^ 

Lieutenant — Dan R. Hovey. 

Sergeants — William Danforth, Jack Walker, Samuel 
Green, Thomas Wheeler. 

Corporals — Thomas Johnson, Herman Blakely, William P. 
Irwin, Jonathan Clemens. 

Fifer — Joel Doolittle. 

Drummer — Asher Doolittle. 

Privates — Samuel L. Morse, David Brayton, Reuben N. ' 
Holcomb, Ira R. Paddock, WiUiam L. Brayton, John 


McNutt, Mars Blair, David Welch, George Palmer, Josiah 
Dunning, Oliver Wright, Nathaniel Kellogg, Kitchell Bell, 
Isaac Andrews, William Orton, John Shannon, Robert A. 
Paddock, Haswell Castle, Alexander Morrow, Charles Terry, 
George Niyait, Saul Sherman, Daniel H. Norton, Adam 
Thompson, Aberdeen Blanchard, Ichabod Welch, Benjaimin 
Sweet, Harry Skinner, George Chapin, Syham Hammond, 
Benjamin Blanchard, James Esdel, John Blanchard, David C. 
Higgins, William Stewart, Nathan Sherman, Evans Griffith, 
Abner Ames, Elijah Gillis. 


Captain — Daniel Poppino. 

Lieutenant — James Calhoun. 

Ensign — Peter Shaft. 

Sergeants — Amos White, Matthew Lord, Tunis Jeroler- 

Corporals — William Green, Benjamin Sumner, James 

Drummers — Jesse Cooper, Timothy Smith. 

Fifer — William Ingle. 

Privates — Alpheus Curtiss.Amasa Gibbs, Samuel Bennett, 
Joseph Seeley, Nathan T. Tift, Isaac Carr, Martin Cutler, 
James F. Bennett, Stephen Paddock, John Lambert, Isaac 
Miller, John Payne, Matthew Ferguson, Ebenezer Moore, 
Rowland Willard, Royal Willard, Samuel Watrous, Samuel 
Gilbert, James Webster, Willis Fish, William L. Grandin, 
Resolved Fish, Thomas Fish, David Fish, Rufus P. Fair- 
banks, George D. Phelps, William Phelps, Linus Pratt, 
Reuben Nash, Peter Cooper, Dyer Selby, Justus Fuller, 
Andrew Cornwall, Richard White. 


Captain — Ebenezer Ingoldsby. 

Lieutenant — Peter Thatcher. 

Sergeants — Daniel Inman, Jeremiah Post. 

Corporals— Ama.s2L Thayer, William Inman, Arnold Black- 

Fifer — Uriel Mitchell. 

Privates— WWlarA Church, Ezekiel Olcott, Dennison Oclo- 
b^. Chub Sabin, Alfred Tour, Elijah Ingoldsby, James Grant, 
Thomas McKiner, Lyman Lornice, James Lavins, John 
Edmunds, Lyman Austin, Oren Austin, James Davison, 
Harmon Hardly, Anthony Lasure, Michael Lasure, Ren- 
sellaer Norton, Thomas Smith, John Haynes, Samuel 
MiUett, Samuel Russell, Daniel Deits. 



Captains — Jenks Pullen, John Hine. 

Lieutenants — Arenoe Babe, Calvin Whedon. 

Ensigns — Edward Howard, Joshua Case. 

Sergeants — Samuel Philo, Samuel Gillis, John Drake, Jesse 
Beard, Stephen Wilson, Henry Catlin, John WoodhuU, 
Robert Crawford, John Maxon, wounded, John Brockway. 

Corporals — Abner Ray. Peter Failing, Daniel Higgins, 
George Marlin, Cyrenus_Blodg;ett, Timothy Johnson, Elias 
Pratt, killed, Jesse Owen, George Claflin, Enoch Nobles, 
wounded, William Blodgejtt. 

Musicians — James Dunn, Asahel P. Hurd, Nathaniel 
Brown, Samuel French, Robert Stimpson. 

Privates — Asahel Jones, Lemuel Allen, Richard Beard, 
James Bird, Miles Burnel, Jesse Barkley, John G. Briggs, 
Truman Bates, Samuel Brown, Isaac Combs, Ephraim Coss, 
John Cooper, Henry Castle, Jacob Clapper, John Cary, 
John D. Dickersou, Enoch Eddy, Rufus Eldridge, Horace 
Enos, H. Francisco, John Fuller Silas Freeman, David 
Gale, Pardon Green, Jacob Magee, Calvin Hartwell,* Aaron 
Howard, James Lewis, Clark Gardner, Simeon Crandall, 
Robert Hine, Isaac Lawrence, Joseph Ireton, Isaac Hall, 
Joseph Hull, Comfort Hawley, Nathan Hull, Seth Hull, 
Samuel Lee, Joseph Lewis, Samuel Lewis, William Lewis, 
David McNeil, Miles MuUin, Darius Peck, William Perrine, 
Henry Teer, John Petit, Abram Phillips, Henry Rhoades, 
Jared Smith, Cyrus West. 

APRIL, 1814. 

Captain — Seth Swan. 

Lieutenayits — James Beard, Dennis Stewart. 

Ensigns — John Albaugh, John Taylor. 

Sergeants — Joseph Cole, Daniel Dunn, Vini Pease, Adol- 
phus Baggerly, Benjamin Johnson. 

Corporals — David Randall, Phineas B. Austin, Martin Van 
Dyke, Tiffany Brockway, Elijah Russell., 

Drummer — Nathaniel Brown. 

Fifers — Isaac Townsend, Jabez F. Joslyn. 

Privates — Arthur Hamilton, Andrew Roy, Abraham Van- 
dine, Arthur Murphy, Aaron Gibbs, Alfred Hobbs, Abraham 
Skurts, Benoni Humphrey, Benjamin Mason, Allen Sheldon, 
Benjamin Thomas, Calvm Traver, Daniel R. Russell, David 
Davis, Dependent Sprague, Elihu Allen, Elijah Gibbs, 
Frederick Avery, Lewis Moore, Gilbert Parish, Galusha 

* Taken Prisoner. 


Herrington, George Sergeant, Gavitt Cole, George Palmer, 
Gideon Moore, Gilbert Baker, Henry Johnson, Henry Mor- 
rison, John Robertson, John Jones, John Featherly, Joshua 
Reeves, Jacob McGee, John B. Warner, John Lewis, James 
Rockaway, Jonathan R. Parshall, Joseph Corey, Jonathan 
Follet, Jabez F. Joslyn, John Hutchinson, James Calhoun, 
Joel Willard, James Kelloch, John Wilson, Richard Man- 
chester, Richard White, Rouse Cord, Robert Vandusen, 
Stephen Young, Simeon Pitcher, Samuel B. Barber, Joseph 
Cooper, John Windangle, John Gifford, Jacob Gilbert, Isaac 
Vandusen, Joseph Allen, Christian Traver, Minard Robert- 
son, Martin Woodard, Samuel Bartlett, Samuel Tooley, 
Samuel Thatcher, Theodore Bailey, Truman Mason, Thomas 
Brown, Nathan Drake, Noel Rice, Oram Gates, Peter Falin, 
Philip Lusk, Peter Aetheser, Richard Sebring, Richard 
Beard, Roswell Alford, Thomas Fish, Walter Crouch, 
Welcome Mitchell, William Downing, Thomas Story, Azel 


First Lieutenant — Asa Lilly. 

Second Lieutenant — Henry Jessup. 

Cornet — Asa R. Swift. 

Sergeants — James R. Huggins, Isaac S. Holmes, Russell 

Corporals — Jabez Blackman, Isaac Hall. 

Privates— Z\mT\ At water, Robert R. Blackman, James 
Benson, James Bryant, Isaac Brockway, Hugh Clark, Abner 
Carr, Dorastus Cole, John Cutler, Parshall Terry, Wm. 
Terry, WilHs Fisk, John Hays, Wm. F. Hussey, John Milli- 
gan,. Gabriel Rogers, Samuel Rossi ter, John Randolph, John 
T. Sickles, Nathan R. Tift. 

Roll of a company of Guards called out from June 25 to 
July 12, 1813. 

Captain — Daniel Poppino. 

Corporal — William Green. 

Privates— ZQ\Avi&r Crane, [Cram], Samuel Waters, Jedu- 

than Moffat, Noah Austin, John Sherman, William Terry, 

Ira Green, Royal Bradish, Tunis Girdman, Joseph Crappen, 

-Martin Cutter, James T. Burnett, Arnold Blackman, James 

Levins, Thomas Stoddard, Nathan Thayer. ' 

Such additional names as have been obtained are given 
below under the name of the towns in which they resided. 



Stephen Baldwin, Simeon Freer, 1. W. Pitts, Nathan 
Taylor, Frederick U: Sheffield, Samuel Soverhill, Isaac 
Soverhill, A. H. Fairchild, Caleb Finch, Charles C. Chad- 
wick, William W. Wolfrom, are all mentioned as soldiers of 
181 2. Their graves are in Willow Avenue Cemetery, and 
are annually decorated by Post G. A. R. 
Colonel Archer Hays, a soldier of 1812, buried in Arcadia 

Williatn Wolson, a soldier of 18 12, buried in Arcadia 

Joseph Luce, a brother in the family mentioned in chapter five, ' 
part first, was in the War of 1812, from Arcadia and died 
in 1842 in Pennsylvania and is buried at Harbor Creek 
in that State. 
Aaron S. Gordenier, of Arcadia, (then being in Columbia 
County) was drafted a few days before the close of the 
War of 1812 and procured a substitute — but neither saw 
actual service — peace being declared soon after. He died 
in Arcadia, March, 1866. His wife was Cathaline Van 
Ness, a well known family name of Columbia County. 
Her father, John Van Ness, and eight brothers, are all 
said to have been in the revolutionary army and all to 
have held some official station. 
Jacob P. Groat, (father of ex-Sheriff Groat,) served in the War 
of 1812. His discharge is in the possession of his son 
James F. Groat, who served in the civil war as men- 
tioned elsewhere 
John Patrick, (then of Albany,) served in the War of 181 2, 
on Harlem Heights, near New York. Settled in Wayne 
county, town of Arcadia. He died about 1867, and was 
buried in East Palmyra Cemetery. 
Adam Flint, of Newark, was in the War of 18 12 — served at 

Sackett's Harbor. 
Amos Jenks, grandfather of Mrs. Pinkham Crommett, was 
in the War of 18 12, and was buried in Willow Avenue 
Nathan Drake, formerly of New Jersey, afterwards Arca- 
dia, served in the War of 1812. He was buried in East 


Abijah Upham was a soldier of 1812, died in 1881. 
James Grant, a soldier of 18 12, buried in Miller's Cemetery. 
Archibald Kassan, a soldier of 18 12, buried at Butler's Cem- 
Captain Ben. Seeley, a soldier of 1812, buried at Lovejoy's 

At Westbury Cemetery, there are buried the following 
soldiers of 181 2, as recorded upon the decoration list of 
Keeslar, Post G. A. R. : Reuben Jenkins, Simeon Sprague, 
Lansing Hyde, Daniel Patterson, Benjamin West, Cornelius 

Samuel Lytle now living at the age of eighty-eight in But- 
ler, was a soldier of 1812, then a resident of Argyle, Wash- 
ington Co. He settled in Butler about thirty years ago. 


Moses Clark, (father of Spencer Clark) who settled at Angell's 
Corners, in 1808, was a teamster in the War of 1812. 
Spencer Clark also sends in the names of others who 

served from that neighborhood : William Pettis, Levi Mead, 

Richard Brown, Alexander Selfridge, Elias Austin, Reuben 


John B. Condit, buried in Maple Grove Cemetery, Clyde. 
The Post G. A. R., decorated his grave as a soldier of 
1812. He died February 18, 1864. 
The following soldiers of 181 2 are buried in Maple Grove 

Cemetery, Clyde: Christopher King, Linus Ely — a surgeon, 

Nathaniel Wadley, Gilbert Hooker,* Nehemiah G. Smith, 

Luther Redfield, Gilbert Spaulding, James M. Watson, C. 

P. Howard, Isaac Snedaker, then of Pennsylvania, 

In the old cemetery, Clyde, Asahel Ticknor, Aaron Velie, 

Abner Hand, Colonel VanRensselaer De Golger, Peter N. 

Smith. Mr. Moon, well known in Clyde, was a soldier of 


Christopher King was a soldier of 1812. He died in Novem- 
ber 1880, and is said to have had twenty-nine children. 

Wm. Graham was a soldier of 1812. His widow received 
a pension. 

*A soldier of the Revolution. 



Philip Sours, then of Columbia County, was drafted, went to 
New York and served in the regiment of Colonel Van 
Vleck with the rank of Ensign. He afterwards became 
Captain in the militia, settled in Wayne County, was 
a prominent citizen, often chosen to positions of public 
trust. He died January 9, 1868, nearly eighty years of 
age and is buried in Huron Cemetery. 

Asahel Dowd, who settled in Huron fifty years ago or 
more, served at Boston in the War of 1812. He died 
January 25, 1855, over eighty years of age and was bur- 
ied in Huron Cemetery. 

Henry Davis came to Huron from New Jersey. Had served 
in the War of 181 2 before coming to Huron. He died 
January 18, 1873, aged 76, and is buried in Huron Cem- 

Lewis Cox came from Rockland County, N. Y. He died 
July 26, 1 87 1, aged seventy-four and is buried in Huron 

Stoddard S. Green, served three years in the War of 18 12. 
Died in Huron in 1842. 

Isaac Richardson, Jr., born in Springfield Mass., April 23, 
1785, was a soldier in the War of 1812. Died May 30, 
i860, in Huron and is buried in the Huron Cemetery. 

Jedediah Wilder, buried in Leavenworth Cemetery, Wolcott, 
was a soldier of 1812, died August 8, 1867. 

Daniel Demmon, who died February 20, 1855, was a soldier 
of 181 2 and buried in Huron Cemetery. 

James F. Gurnee, died August 16, 1863, was a soldier of 1812, 
and buried in Huron Cemetery. 

Solomon Smith, who died January i, 1869, was a soldier of 
1812, and buried in Huron Cemetery. 

Elias Y. Munson, who died June 23, 1861, was a soldier of 
1812, and buried in Huron Cemetery. 

Edward J. Smith, who died July 17, 1876, was a soldier of 
1812, and buried in Huron Cemetery. 

John McConnelly, who died February 22, 1869, was a soldier 
of 1812, and buried ^n Huron Cemetery. 

Allen Rice, Sen., who died May 10, 1852, was a soldier of 1812, 
and buried in Huron Cemetery. 


Ebenezer Jones, who died November 14, 1874, was a soldier 
of 1 8x2, and buried in Huron Cemetery. 

John Bell was a soldier of 1812, and buried in Huron Cem- 

Jacob Hickey was a soldier of 1812, and is understood by his 
family to have been at Sodus Point on the night of the 
skirmish. He died September 8, 1869. 

Ebejiezer Jones, born in Springfield, Mass., May 12, 1799, 
removed to Steuben County, N. Y., in 1809, enlisted in 
the War of 1812 near the close, and served a short time 
at Oswego and Sackett's Harbor. After the war he 
settled in Huron. Built the first grist-mill in the north 
part of the town. Held various public offices and died 
November 17, 1874. Two daughters survive, Mrs. Alan- 
son Church and Mrs. Alexander Skutt. 

Philip Richardson, born in Springfield, Mass., October 16, 
1794, moved to Cherry Valley in 1803. Served for a 
time in the War of 181 2, and was present in the engage- 
ment at Oswego. He died in Huron July 18, 1833. 

Parley Richardson, born in Springfield, Mass., February, 
1789. Enlisted at the beginning of the War of 1812^ 
Was in the battle of Lake Erie under Commodore 
Elliott ; was in possession of a carving knife, a relic of the 
captured , squadron. He died in Ohio in 1834. The 
three, Isaac, Philip and Parley, were brothers and sons 
of Isaac Richardson, the revolutionary soldier men- 
tioned elsewhere, 


The following names not previously given are found in 
the list published annually by the Lyons Republican, pre- 
paratory to memorial day : 

George Bassett, Calvin D. Palmeter, Chauncey Halliday, D- 
R. Rozelle, Hezekiah Roberts, John Delavan, Henry Lake, 
May, James Satterlee, buried in Lyons Rural Cemetery. 

Joseph P. Goseline, George Sparks, Thomas E. Dorsey, 
Ananias Langdon, Gen. William H. Adams, Joseph Cole, 
buried in South Cemetery. 

John Gilbert, (the oldest sonof^mos Gilbert, a soldier 
of the Revolutionary war) was born in the town of Salem, 


Washington County, 'N. Y., December 30, 1789. He moved 
to the town of Lyons with his father in 1806, and in 1810 
moved to the village of Lyons, where he resided until his 
death. In 18 12 he joined a company of volunteers under 
command of Captain Elias Hull, and was in service on the 
Niagara frontier one year, acting in the capacity of Second 
Sergeant. On his return from the war he was elected First 
Sergeant, and served two years as such, when he was made 
Captain of his company. In 181 3 he rode through the woods 
on horseback to warn out the militia when the British invaded 
Sodus Point. He died on the 22d of July, 1882, in his ninety- 
third year, and is buried in Lyons. His widow and six 
children survive him. 

Benjamin Ennis, of Lyons, was a soldier of 18 12. 

Cornelius Chipp, under Captain Hull at Sodus Point, also 
served one year in the Twenty-Ninth Infantry. 


Reuben Smith came from Elizabeth, St. Lawrence County, 
to Marion, died in this town and is buried in Marion 

Solomon Leonard, a native of Vermont, served in the War of 
18 12 — afterwards settled in Marion, and is buried in 
Marion Cemetery.* 

Reuben Adams, Jr., died November 5, 1850, and is buried in 

Marion Cemetery. 
Jacob G. Crane volunteered in 181 3. Died in Marion, March 
30, 1870, aged seventy-five years. 

Weston Briggs, born in Dartmouth, Bristol County, Mass., 
died aged seventy-seven years, December 30, 1859. 
Buried in Marion Cemetery. 

Thomas Cory, born in Rhode Island, died May 5, 1838, aged 
seventy -nine. Buried in East Palmyra. 

William Cory, born ifi Rhode Island ; a soldier of the revolu- 
tion ; died in 1798, aged eighty-four. 

Thomas Congdon, served in the War of 181 2, about seven 
months, in Washington County. Removed to Marion, 
died in 1874, and is buried in the Marion Cemetery. 
* Probably a son of the Revolutionary soldier. 


Amos T. Phelps, brother of E. T. Phelps, served in the War 
of 1812, died in the service and was buried by his com- 

Silas Barton, a soldier of 1812. Died February 18, 1861, 
aged seventy-two years and five months. Buried in 
the cemetery at Hall's Settlement. 

Paul Phelps, died June 9, 1863, aged seventy-seven years. 

Pardon Durfee was in the service in the War of 18 12. 

Joshua Terry went to Pultneyville at the time of the assault 
on that place. Died Nov. 1841, in Michigan, aged fifty- 
six years. 

Isaac Earnhardt served under Captain Swift, of Palmyra, 

died March, 1857, buried in Palmyra Cemetery. 
Dr. William Plunkett Richardson of Macedon, was in the 

War of 1812, and served as Assistant Surgeon. 


Jacob Decker \f2i%z.%o\A\&r \r). 1812, from Owasco, Cayuga 
County ; was sent to guard Sackett's Harbor. His cap- 
tain's name was Daniel Coffee. Mr. Decker died in 
Ontario, December 12, 1847, ^"d was buried in the 
Dickinson burial ground. Mr. Decker was born in 
Minisink, Orange County, N. Y., August 11, 1792. 

Andrew Graham served in the War of 1 812, in the company 
of Captain W. Jackson, from the town of Perinton. He 
afterwards resided in Macedon, and about the year 
1845 removed to Ontario. He died November 2, 1868, 
aged eighty -two, in Adrian, Michigan. Mr. Graham 
was born in Cheshire, Massachusetts, and was one of the 
pioneer settlers of Perinton, coming there about the 
year 1804. 

James Woodworth, born in Hillsdale, Massachusetts, April 
3, 1794, enlisted in 1814 under Captain J. Rockwell, 
Massachusetts militia, died in Ontario, December 30, 
1848, buried on the farm of his son. 

Samuel Brewer, born in Columbia County, town of Claver- 
ack, June 28, 1789, moved to Webster, and afterwards 
to Ontario, still living, at the age of ninety -four, (June 
28, 1883). I^Ie was a private in the War of 18 12, under 
Captain G. H. Strickers, of Columbia County. 



Lester Robins, born June 11, 1793. Died January 6, 1854. 

Buried in Finley Cemetery, Walworth. 
Isaac Bramer, served forty days. Died April, 1868, aged 

seven t3'-three. Buried in Newark Cemetery. 
John Speller, served on picket duty ; died in 1862. 


Ambrose Salisbury was a soldier of 1812. He was an Orderly 
Sergeant in the rifle company of Captain Selma Stan- 
ley, of the Thirty-First regiment. He served a six 
months term. In June, 1813, he again went out as a 
substitute for his uncle, John Salisbury. He was then a 
member of Captain Anson Remer's company of dragoons 
from Geneva. He crossed into Canada and traversed 
the country in search of the enemy with whom he had 
several sharp skirmishes. His subsequent services in 
numerous civil offices were varied and important. He 
died July 21, 1864. 

John Swift. — Palmyra, in the War of 18 12, suffered the loss 
of one of her leading citizens, one who had been the 
pioneer settler — General John Swift. He was a native 
of Litchfield, Connecticut. He took an active part in 
the Revolutionary War, held a commission and was at the 
battle of Wyoming. He settled in Palmyra in the sum- 
mer of 1789, as has been usually stated. Turner's His- 
tory of the Pultney estate records Webb Harwood, 
however, as the actual pioneer, and that John Swift, 
though he was the purchaser; with Colonel Jenkins, of 
the entire township No. 12, did not locate until the next 
year, 1790. He was prominent in the militia for several 
years prior to the War of 18 12, as already seen in a 
previous chapter. April 10, 1805, ^ new Brigade having 
been formed in the northern part of the County of 
Ontario, John Swift received the appointment ot Briga- 
dier-General, and his brother, Philetus Swift, succeeded 
to the command, as Lieutenant-Colonel, of the Seventy- 
First Regiment. John Swift resigned his command of 
the Brigade just before the breaking out of the war. 


February 29, 1812, but was afterwards appointed a 
Brigadier-General of volunteers, and in this capacity he 
served upon the Niagara frontier. In reconnoitering 
the enemy's works at Fort George, he captured a picket 
guard, and while in the act of receiving their arms, one 
of the prisoners shot him through the breast; an attack 
from a superior British force followed. The wounded 
General rallied his men and commenced a successful 
engagement, when he fell, exhausted by. his wound. 
Never, says a writer at that time, was the country 
called upon to lament the loss of a firmer patriot or a 
braver man. The Legislature voted a sword to his 
oldest male heir, Asa R. Swift, of Palmyra, who was 
drowned in Sod us Bay, in 1820 or 1821. The sword 
afterwards fell to Henry C. Swift, of Phelps, a son of 
Asa R. General John Swift is buried in the old ceme- 
tery in Palmyra village. The stone at his grave bears 
the following inscription : 

" Sacred to the memory of General JOHN 
Swift, who was killed by the enemy of his 
country, July 12, 18 14, near Newark, in Upper 
Canada, aged 52 years, 25 days." 

Palmyra owes a more generous care to the grave, and 
to the memory of General Swift. His burial place is a 
" rude, neglected spot where the- forefathers of the 
hamlet sleep." The ground itself can scarcely be 
reached except by an expert climber in search of 
old names and dates. There the flowers and shrubbery, 
long since planted b^ loving hands, have run w^ild with 
nature's luxuriance. It is right to lavish wealth and 
labor upon the new cemeteries of modern times, but 
why forget the graves of the pioneers? Why shall not 
Palmyra village protect this crumbling hill from further 
desecration, clear out the brush, smooth down the sod, 
and let a memorial shaft rise from this crowning summit 
to General Swift, the early settler, the founder of the 
town, the first chosen supervisor, the brave general 
who gave his life in the prime of manhood, to his 
country's service. 


William Howe Cuyler. — One of the costliest sacrifices which 
Western New York laid upon the altar of the country 
in the War of 18 12, was the death of Major William 
Howe Cuyler, of Palmyra. In 1810, a battahon of 
riflemen had been organized under the authority of an 
order dated March 12, and attached to the Brigade of 
militia then commanded by Brigadier-General John 
Swift. Major Cuyler was appointed to the command 
of the battalion. Upon the breaking out of the war he 
was earl)^ upon the frontier and was appointed aid upon 
the staff of Major-Gen eral Hall. Stationed at Buffalo, 
he was the active co-operator with the navy agent. 
Lieutenant Elliott, in the preparations for the gallant 
exploit of capturing the British vessels from under the 
walls of Fort Erie, on- the 8th of October, 181 2. The 
expedition was successful, and the Adams and the Cale- 
donia were on the American side, but one of them was 
grounded before it was secured, and a sharp fire was 
opened by the British from Fort Erie. Major Cuyler, 
anxious for the fate of men attempting so dan- 
gerous an enterprise, had been up all night making 
such preparations as he judged necessary for the recep- 
tion of the wounded. Just at daylight he rode upon the 
beach towards Black Rock, and was instantly killed by a 
grape shot which passed through his body breaking the 
spine. He was buried near the spot where he fell, but 
after the war his remains were removed to Palmyra. 
The following verses appeared in The War, published 
in New York a week or two after his death : 

Born in the reach of splendor, pomp and power. 

He spurned at honors unattained by worth. 
And fostering freedom, in a glorious hour, 

Preferred her cause to all the pride of birth. 
In freedom's virtuous cause alert he rose. 

In freedom's virtuous cause undaunted bled ; 
He died for freedom mid a host of foes, 

And found on Erie's beach an honored bed. 
But where, O ! where the hallowed sod. 

Beneath whose verd the hero's ashes sleep ! 
Is this the cold, neglected moldering clod, 

Or that the grave at which I ought to weep ! 


Why rises not some massy pillar high. 
To grace a name that fought for freedom's prize I 

Or why at least some rudely etched stone nigh. 
To show the spot where matchless valor lies 1 

Yet soldier, thy illustrious name is known. 
Thy fame supported and thy worth confessed. 

That peerless virtue which in danger shone, 
Is shining still where thou art laid in rest. 

And though no monumental script is seen. 
Thy deeds to publish and thy worth proclaim. 

Each son of freedom passing near this green. 
Shall hail brave Cuyler and revere his name. 

D. B. V. 

The slab above his remains in Palmyra Cemetery bears 
the following fac-simile inscription : 


To the memory of 

Major William Howe Cuyler, 

Who was killed at Black Bock, 

By a shot from the enemy. 

On the night of the 9th of October, 1813, 

While humanely administering 

To the relief 

Of the wounded soldiers. 

Who intrepidly crossed to the British shore 

And brought over the Adam Frigate, 

That had been surrendered by. 

General Hull, 

And the Caledonian Ship belonging 

To the enemy. 

He was in the 30th year of his age. 

And son of the late 

Henry Cuyler Esq., of Greenbush, 

In this State. 

In life- he was beloved. 

In death lamented. 

As a Soldier, Patriot, Friend, 

Husband and Father, 

He shone conspicuously. 

We add also the following obituary notice from the Ontario 
Messenger, October S7, 1812 : 


"The death of Major Cuyler is justly regarded by all who 
knew him as a subject of deep regret. He was among the 
first settlers of our county, and we shall long cherish his 
remembrance. As a land agent he contributed very much 


to the extent, respectability and comlort of our nortliern set- 
tlements. He had a quickness of sympathy with those who 
were in affliction and an ardor of benevolence that was unus- 
ual even among the g-ood! Familiar with the best society 
from his childhood, his manners were polished and amiable. 

" There are few who are so capable of receiving and com- 
municating social enjoyment as he was; and none more 
ready with his purse, his heart, his hand to engage in any 
undertaking for the public benefit. He has left a wife and 
three children whose loss God only can repair. 

" They will have the comfort of numerous friends to join 
them in their sorrows, and may the Spirit of grace give 
them all the consolation of religion. Major Cuyler was a 
man whom nature had qualified peculiarly for military life. 
His bodily frame was large, well proportioned and uncom- 
monly vigorous, and it was animated by a soul disinterested, 
arduous, and of the most inflexible resolution. Though a 
respectable member of the bar, he was also a farmer. More 
accustomed to active than sedentary exertions, he had 
acquired a compactness and elasticity of muscle which 
enabled him to undergo the most toilsome labor without 
fatigue. Some years since he raised a rifle company, which 
stimulated by his example and assistance, were immediately 
uniformed, armed and equipped. No body of men could 
long be under his command without becoming exceedingly 
attached to him. He was cheerful, liberal, humane. 

" Possessing a commanding presence and great ambition 
to make his company distinguished, they were soon in a 
respectable state of discipline. With this company, when 
the first law of Congress was passed authorizing the Presi- 
dent to accept of the services of volunteers, he offered him- 
self to the government. Soon after he was promoted to 
the command of a battalion of Riflemen. In war the ser- 
vices of such men as Major Cuyler are essential to success. 
He had been appointed by Major General Hall one of his 
aids, and when war was declared by our government he 
was called to the field. 

" He believed the war to be unnecessary but as a soldier 
he was bound to obey the order of his superior, and as a 
patriot he was ever ready to repel invasion. 

"On the 2 1 St of July he left us regretting his absence but 
confident that whoever might be his companions, he would 
not fail to be conspicuous. He had no sooner reached the 
frontier than he began to gain the, good will of the troops. 
His intelligence, his zeal, his activity, his charity, soon gave 
him a high place in the affections of both officers and sol- 



" But it was not his lot to display the efficiency of his arm, 
or the coUectiveness of his mind in the rage of conflict. His 
was the eye, and his the action, and his the language, that 
would have inspired the inexperienced and irresolute with 
courage to follow him in the thickest of dangers ; and had 
he lived he might have been fated to restore the battle in 
some desperate day when a band of heroes, fatigued with 
repeated victories, were yielding to superior numbers. But 
alas he was cut off in the commencement of his course. 

" Patriotism mourns his fate. The heart of private friend- 
ship is inconsolable for his loss ; and his associates in the 
field will never visit his grave without shedding tears of 
sorrow at the recollection of his virtues." 

John Jagger served five months in the War of 1812 — 1 5. Still 
living in East Palmvra at the age of eighty-eight, 
The following additional names of soldiers of 1812, are 
from the decoration list of Garfield Post : 

Isaac Gardner, Durfee Chase, Stephen Spear, Samuel 
Acker, William Rogers, Russell Stoddard, Hiram Payne, 
James Turner, David Jackway, Jared C. Selby, Stephen 
Porter, Nathaniel Beckwith, George Beckwith, Ezra Coon, 
Henry Jessup, Amos Risley, Peleg Palmer, John Sherman, 
Charles Wright, Christopher Hyde, Captain Tice, Thomas 
Rogers, Alexander Mclntyre, Samuel Lillie, Isaac Ryck- 
man, Cornelius Westervelt, Thomas Lakey, Munson Seeley, 
Silas Tabor, Josiah Drake, all in Palmyra Cemetery, and 
John McDuffie, in the old burial ground. 
■Captain Asa Lillie shared in the War of 1812. 
George Culver was captain in 1812, from East Palmyra. 
William Kellogg, fife major in 18 12, was from Palmyra. 
Mr. Stoutenberg oi Palmyra, was a soldier of 1812. 
Joshua Terry (son of Parshall Terry, of Wyoming notoriety) 
was at Pultneyville, in the skirmish, and his name also 
appears in the militia rolls of that period. He and 
Stephen Reeves, son of James Reeves, the pioneer, 
scoured up their old guns and started " pell mell " for 
Pultneyville on the first alarm. 
Captain Pardon Durfee was in the War of 18 12. 
Joel Willard sho-aXA also be included in the war list of- 1812. 
Captain Solomon Tice was a soldier of 1812. 


Captain Chauncey Bishop. — At the time of the Sodus Point 
affair he was at work in the field on the Bishop home- 
stead, when Mr. Knapp (who lived near the Bay Bridge 
where B. and R. H. Catchpole now live) came riding by 
with the alarm that the British were coming to destroy 
the military stores. In a few minutes he was on his way 
musket in hand. He helped remove the stores and was 
in the skirmish in the evening. He afterwards became 
prominent in the militia, attaining the rank of Captain. 
His commissions preserved in the family bear the auto- 
graph of De Witt Clinton. He died August 5, 1880, on 
the same farm where he settled with his father (Joel 
Bishop) in 181 1. Like many other pioneers he came 
from Charleston, Massachusetts, to Rose, on foot, leav- 
ing home with a brother-in-law in February, 181 1. Each 
" took up " a piece of land, built a log house, and 
chopped off a piece preparatory to removing their fam- 
ilies the coming winter. The father and son (Joel and 
Chauncey) were both Baptists in religion and federalists 
in politics. 
James Ci?^/^//, soldier of 1812, died April 15, 1872. aged eighty- 
two years, ten months and ten days. 
Eliezier Flint was a soldier in the War ot 1812, and is uow 
receiving a pension of $8 per month. He was drafted 
and served as a Corporal in the company of Captain 
Collins. The draft was at New London, Conn., and he 
served seventy days. 
Nathan Jeffers wdiS a soldier of the War of 1812. His widow, 
Mrs. Sally Jeffers is still living and draws a pension of 
$8 per month. 
Samuel Hunn served in the War of 1812, and during the last 

years of his life received a pension of $8 per month. 
Jacob Winchell served in the War of 18 12, and drew a pen- 
sion during the last years of his life. 
Simeon J. Barrett was a private in Captain D. Knapp's Com- 
pany, War of 1 81 2. Pension commenced February 14, 
1871, and he is still living in town. He was drafted from 
the militia about August ist, 18 14, and served on Har- 
lem Heights several months. 


Philander Mitchell was a Corporal in Captain Saxon Lang- 
worthy's Company, Vermont militia. His widow now 
living draws a pension of $8 a month. 

Peter Valentine, then living in Washington County, was 
called out, but the battle of Plattsburgh being over, he 
with others was discharged. 


Aaron Hall, soldier of 1812. His widow drew a pension, 

and died at the age of ninety-two in 1882. 

John Pennell, soldier of 18 12, died January 7, 1883, aged 



Byram Green was at the Point on the night of the battle. 

To him the author is indebted for much information as 

he related it years ago. 
Samuel Green, a brother of Byram Green was also at the 

Point that night. 
Valentine Hewitt, a brother of Orson Hewitt was a soldier 

of 1812, and was wounded at Niagara; came back tO' 

Sodus before his wound was dressed. 
Mr. Levi Ellsworth gives the names of the following as 
soldiers of 18 12, killed at Queenstown : 

Daniel McNutt who went as a substitute for Daniel Norton.. 
Ezra Blanchard and Roswell Blakely, the latter a son of 

Moses Blakely, the first settler of East Williamson. 
Solomon G. Smedley, residing with Mr. Charles D. Lent (then 

of Vergennes, Vt.,) served in the War of 18 12, a short 

time. Lucius Smedley, a son residing in Chicago,, 

entered the service in war of 1861-5. 
Othniel Taylor, born in Buckland, Massachusetts ; removed 

to Phelps about 1800, and to Sodus about 1820; was 

in the battle of Sodus Point. Buried in Brick Church 

Edward Taylor, born in Deerfield, Massachusetts, March i, 

1793 ; came with his father to Phelps, in 1801 ; removed 

to Sodus in 1819; was at the battle at Sodus Point. 

Died September 27, 1854; buried in Brick Church 



J.ohn Watters was a resident of Columbia. County ; served 
three months at New York City, during the War of 
1812 , died at Joy, March 30, 1878, aged eighty -eight 
years and four months ; buried in Joy Cemetery. 

William Young, then living near South Sodus, belonged to a 
miHtia company or to a special company of minute 
men ; he was on duty at Sodus Point several times, and 
is understood to have been present in the skirmish. 

George Palmer went as a substitute in the place of Thomas 
Boyd, who was drafted ; the draft was made at Sodus 
Village ; the militia was drawn up in a line ; a hat was 
passed containing blanks and numbers; those who 
drew numbers were obliged to serve or furnish a 

Nicholas Pullen was in the cavalry under Colonel Cost of 
Phelps ; he had come with his father from his native 
place, Guilford, Vermont, in 1788, being then nine years 
old ; he was one of a family of fourteen children ; his 
father settled at what is now Oak's Corners. Nicholas 
Pullen was at Sodus Point the night of the skirmish 
and was also out " on the lines " for several months ; 
he came to Sodus in 1817; died in 1843, ^"d is buried 
in the Brick Church Cemetery. 

Dr. Nathaniel Kellogg was the son of the pioneer, Nathaniel 
Kellogg, and was a Justice of the Peace for. many 
years at Sodus Centre ; it is understood that he was at 
Sodus Point on the night of the skirmish. 

Joseph Williams was born in New York City. He came to 
Western New York at an early day and settled at Old 
Castle, Geneva. He was in the army during a part of 
of the War of 1812, and was stationed at Black Rock. 
When the report that a treaty of peace was signed 
reiached the fort, he was one of a party sent across the 
Niagara River with a flag of truce to carry the news to 
the enemy. Their boat drifted into the rapids and 
narrowly escaped being carried over the falls. Soon 
after the close of the war he came to Sodus and settled 
where his son, Andrew C. WiUiams now resides, where 
he spent the remainder of his life. He died January 
9th, 1859, i" ^^^ seventy-fifth year. 


John Pouckcr* \^as drafted in 1814, then living in Columbia^ 
County, and served his time. Died in 1883, aged 
eighty-eight. Buried in Willow Avenue Cemetery, 
Newark. .' 

John M. Granger was active in the militia in 1812, and was 
stationed at the Point, prior to the skirmish. It is not 
certain that he was in the engagement. Buried in Sodus 
Rural Cemetery. 
Beebe Dennison, Sen., was taken prisoner at Lundy's Lane» 
sent to Halifax and detained until the close of the war. 
He is also mentioned in chapter V., as a revolutionary 
Job B. Noris, served about four months on the lines at 
Niagara and vicinity. He was one of a party of volunteers 
from Palmyra. It is understood by the family that they 
were called out before the declaration of war in antici- 
pation of the coming troubles. He died April 27, 1866,. 
at the age of seventy four, and is buried in Sodus Rural 
Christopher Britton was one of the prisoners taken at the 
Point. He was set on shore the next day. His home- 
stead was the well known farm of later years belonging 
to his son John Britton, at Alton. Mrs. John Britton 
writes of him as follows : 
" Christopher Britton left England because of the laws ; 
and soon as he got here he became a true American. When 
he heard the place was taken he took down his gun and 
started upon the run and went there and fired in amongst 
them. They took him prisoner, and took him out on their fleet 
and kept him over night, and let him go. His wife said it 
was because he was a Freemason. They asked him while 
there what freak it was that made him fire into them, and he 
said, ' I wanted to get one good shot at you.' " 

Thomas Boyd, father of John A. and Reuben Boyd, was 
drafted and secured the services of George Palmer as a 
substitute, paying him forty dollars. Mr. Boyd was at 
Sodus Point in the battle of June 19, 1813. He is buried 
in the Bushnell burial place. 

* The old gentleman always wrote his name according to the old spelling^ 


Frederick Boyd, a brother of Thomas Boyd, was at Sodus 
Point, in the battle of June 19, 1813, and is buried near 
Salmon Creek, where he settled. 

Harry Skinner was one of the prisoners taken at the Point. 
He successfully deceived the British officers palming 
himself " off as drunk or idiotic until the" Commander 
ordered the d d fool put on shore." 

William Pitcher lived at Oak's Corners at the time of the 
outbreak of the war. Was at Sodus Point the night of 
the skirmish as related by his widow who is still living, 
(1882.) He died January 13, 1883, and is buried in Brick 
Church Cemetery, aged seventy-seven years. 

Henry Francisco died near Whitehall, N. Y., September 16, 
1 820, at the age of one hundred and thirty-fouryears and 
six months. The year before his death Prof. Silliman, 
of Yale College, visited him and became satisfied that 
this statement of age was correct, and a small pamphlet 
was printed with the Professor's account. The Editor 
of the Salem Gazette speaking of Francisco's visit to 
that village said : " He excited universal interest. His 
health is good ; his hair is firm on his head ; he walked 
to the court-house and came about thirty-one miles to 
attend Court, and yet he is according to his own oath 
and sufficient testimony besides to induce implicit belief, 
one hundred and thirty-fouryears of age. He was a soldier 
in the English service and beat the dflim at the corona- 
tion of Queen Anne. He served many years under the 
great Duke of Marlborough ; he was at the battles of 
Blenheim and Ramillies, — battles whose very names 
excite the liveliest emotions of the human heart. What 
a world this man hath seen. He has survived the three 
long reigns of the house of Brunswick and bids fair to 
outlive the fourth. The Duke of Marlborough under 
whom he so long served, died in old age and Francisco 
has survived him a whole century." His son, Joseph 
Francisco, served about three years in the War of 181 2, 
then residing in Washington County. He afterwards 
removed to Wayne County and died about the year 
1845. A son of Joseph, John Francisco, also served 
about two years in the War of 1812. 


Samuel Philo was a soldier of 1812, and his son George Philo, 
of Wallington, is in possession of an interesting certifi- 
cate, of which the following is a copy : 


" This certifies that Sergeant Samuel Philo, Captain Jenks 
" Pullen's company, and Lieutenant-Colonel Hopkins' regi- 
" raent of detached militia, being one of those who gener- 
" ously and bravely volunteered their services and crossed 
" the Lake to Fort Erie in September last, for the relief of 
"the American garrison, then closely invested by a superior 
" force, and having faithfully performed his term of service, 
" is most honorably discharged. 

Arinoe Beebe, 
Lieutenant Commanding. 

"Batavia, November 8, 1814." 

Samuel Philo then resided on the Robinson Hill farm, east 
of South Sodus. His wife, a woman of great energy and 
character, actually cleared a field in his absence, planted corn 
and was harvesting the crop when he returned after his dis- 

From the records of Dwight Post, G. A. R.; made for the 
purpose ot decoration, we have the following additional 
names of soldiers of 18 12: 

Leonard Smith, Abner Wood, died June 24, 1869; David 
Sprong, died December 19, 1872; John McCarty, died 
May 12, 1831 ; Thomas Marten, Flavel Kingsley, buried 
in Sodus Rural Cemetery ; Samuel Morse, David Foster, 
Andries Onderdonk, William N. Lummis, Benjamin D. 
Gardner, Craig Gordon, buried in old Cemetery, Mill 
Street ; Amos Case, buried in the Episcopal Church Yard ; 
Rudolphus Field, Jacob Garlock, Ezekiel Tiffany, buried 
in Bushnell's burial place; Frederick Wickham, buried at 
Sodus Point ; James Stevenson, Seth Wallace, buried in 
Wallace family lot ; Ellery Potter, buried in South Sodus 
Cemetery ; Simeon Pitcher, Samuel Blair, William Walling, 
Ezra Knapp, WiUiam Taylor, John Knapp, John W. Mes- 
senger, Solomon Walker, l^ichard Messenger, Elijah Lem- 
mon, Peter Bryant, Adam Flint, buried in the Brick Church 


George Hoyt lived in Marion, at the time of the war ; enlisted 
and served through. Afterwards settled in Walworth 
where he died November 15, 1846, and was buried in the 
North Walworth Cemetery. 
James Andrew, born August 25, 1795, served three months' 
in the war of 1812, and died July 4, 1877, aged eighty- 
two and buried at Walworth- Cemetery. 
Daniel Grandin, served on picket duty; died November 25, 

1862 ; buried in Pultneyville Cemetery. 
Andrew Cor nwa//, served on picket duty ; died November 25, 

1862 ; buried in Pultneyville Cemetery. 
Samuel Ledyard, was in the action at Pultneyville, and before 
that was clerk to the officers who went out in boats to 
negotiate with the enemy. 
Joseph Church, served twenty -eight days; died June 8, 1881, 

aged eighty-seven ; buried in Pultneyville Cemetery. 
Hubbard Clark, then residing on the Widow Pallestes farm, 
was at Pultneyville, in the skirmish. 
It is not exactly a Wayne county item, but it is of interest 
to mention that the father of Andrew Erasmusson, of Pult- 
neyville, was a soldier of 18 12, and stationed at Nine Mile 
Creek. His mother is said to have been the only woman in 
Sackett's Harbor, at the time the British attack was repulsed, 
July 19, 1 81 2. His grandfather, an old Danish Sea Captam, 
lost his life in the same war, on Lake Ontario, while acting 
as a pilot for a United States government vessel. 
William Rogers, who resided where his son William Rogers, 
Jr., now resides, was a prominent citizen and took an 
active part in the militia organiza,tions of 1800 to 1815. 
He was commissioned Sergeant Major, by Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Swift, May 8, 1802 ; Junior Adjutant of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peasly Phillips' Regiment, April 9, 
1806; Captain in the same regiment May 23, 181 1; and 
Major Commandant of a Battalion, March 17, 1811. 
These commissions are now in possession of his son, 
residing at the old homestead ; the Adjutant's command 
is signed by Governor Morgan Lewis ; the subsequent 
ones by Governor Daniel D. Tompkins. 


A. White. — A memorandum by Major Rogers says : 

" A White, was Sergeant in Captain Poppino's company, 
attached to my battalion of New York militia during the 
War of 1812. He was called into servdce at Sodus, and 
served five days ; in December, 1813, at Pultneyville, and 
where he served six days, and was engaged in the battle we 
had with the British fleet at that time and place." 
Lucas A. Tuttle, was in the engagement at Pultneyville. 
Joseph Seeley, served as a soldier of 1812. 
Ethel May nard, was a soldier of 18 12, then of Washington 
county, N. Y. He settled in Williamson, about 1815 to 
1818 ; his heirs in after years drew a land warrant for 
160 acres, in consequence of his service ; he died in 1837 
or '38, and is buried in the Cemetery at Williamson. 

William Welch, volunteer in the War of 18 12. Died in Wol- 
cott June, 1848. Buried in Huron Cemetery. Wife- 
still living (September 1882) and receives a pension. 

Ransom Loveless served in the War of 1812. He was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant in the One Hundred and Twenty- 
sixth Infantry by Governor Tompkins. Died August 
I, 1867. Buried in Leavenworth Cemetery. 

Murray Watterman, a soldier of 1812, is buried in Leaven- 
worth Cemetery. He died February 22, 1875. 

Oliver Ladue, a soldier of 1812. Died September 6, 1878, 
and is buried in Leavenworth Cemetery. 

5. G. Cole, a soldier of 1812. Buried in Leavenworth Ceme- 

Benjamin Grandy, a soldier of 1812. Died October 1874. 
Buried in Leavenworth Cemetery. 

Roger Olmstead, a soldier of 1812. Died November 9, 1840. 
Buried in Wolcott Old Cemetery. 

Elisha Plank, a soldier of 1812. Died September 25, 1852. 
Buried in Wolcott Old Cemetery. 

John Blanchard enlisted for three or six months, and after 
his discharge went as a substitute for three or six 
months more. He was at Lewiston when Fort Erie was 
blown up. He died May 22, 1875, and was a little over 
seventy-eight years old. He was buried at North Wol- 
cott. He was in Captain Knapp's company. 


Lemuel Soule and William Waters are also mentioned as sol- 
diers on the records ot Keeslar Post, for decoration, and 
buried in Wolcott Old Cemetery. We have no other 
facts about them. 
Miss Marion McArthur sends the following names : Rob- 
ert McArthur, Mr. Stanley, Marshall Lee, and Michael 
Logan as soldiers of 181 2. 
Henry Shaft, a soldier of 1812, buried in North Wolcott 

Jesse Devoe a soldier of 18 12, buried in North Wolcott Ceme- 


At a special town meeting held at the house of Daniel 
Arms in Sodus, on the ist day of September 1814, the fol- 
lowing persons were chosen, viz. : Ephraim Coon, Esq., to 
preside ; John Fellows and William N. Lummis, Clerks. 

The following resolutions were adopted : 

" Resolved, That they deem it inexpedient to send delegates 
to the General Convention to be held at Canandaigua the 
15th of September; this town being much exposea to the 
enemy it is deemed best to provide ourselves for the defense 
of the frontier. 

" Resolved, That we make immediate preparation for 

"Resolved, That William N. Lummis, William Wickham, 
John Fellows, Thomas Wafer and Asher Doolittle be a 
Committee of safety for the town of Sodus. 

" Resolved, That a notice signed by a majority of the com- 
mittee giving notice of the approach of the enemy be deemed 
sufficient to justify said office.* 

"Resolved, That the Committee of Safety offer a subscrip- 
tion paper to the good people of the town of Sodus for the 
purpose of obtaining funds for the defense of said town, 
and that such subscription shall be demanded only in case 
of the enemy's obtaining command of Lake Ontario." 

From one of the letters of T. T. R., entitled " Lyons in the 
Olden Time,"t we have the following : 


"Commencing in the year 1808, (as far. back as we have 

*The last word in doubt, but supposed to mean "oflScial act" or "exercise 
of oflBcial duty." 

■fA valuable series which appeared through several years of. the Lyons 


anv data,) there was a militia company in Lyons, the officers 
which were as follows : William Patten, Captain ; Peter Per- 
rine. Lieutenant; James Bound, Ensign; William Duncan, 
Sergeant. It was one of the companies composing the Sev- 
enty-First Regiment of New York Infantry, commanded by 
Colonel Philetus Swift of Phelps, and they had company 
training the first Monday in June and September, and gen- 
eral training later in the fall at such time and place as the 
commanding officer of the Brigade directed. At the break- 
ing out of the war a company of uniformed infantry was 
raised and went into service on the Niagara frontier. It 
was commanded by Elias Hull, as Captain ; David Perrine, 
Lieutenant ; William C. Guest, Ensign ; arid your venerable 
townsman John Gilbert, andtwO of his brothers, were in the 
ranks. Deacon Gilbert, is I believe, the only survivor left 
among you. Another, Lewis Woodward, is still living and 
resides in the village of Clinton. This was not all. The old 
men of that day revived their military spirit, formed them- 
selves into a compan}' known as the ' Silver Greys,' and- met 
at stated times for military duty. The officers were Daniel 
Dorsey, Captain ; E. Price, Lieutenant ; Henry Towar, En- 
sign. The military spirit that had diffused itself through the 
communit)'^ extended to the boys, and a juvenile companv 
was formed, whereof Edward Jones;, was Captain; William 
Price, Lieutenant; David Barclay, Ensign. Your correspond- 
ent was one of the privates. This compa,ny met on Saturday 
afternoons, once in two weeks, for exercise. T. T. R." 

Extracts from an affidavit of John Failing made in pension 
cases February, 1868 : 

"Deponent is now seventy -six years old, and resides in 
Jordan, N. Y. Before the war and long' thereafter resided 
in L)'^ons, Wayne County. * * During the war 
deponent belonged to the militia, and was a member first of 
Captain Van Anker's company, and then of Captain John 
Peacock's company. * * John Peacock lived in 
Lyons and was a member, with his company, of Colonel 
Swift's Regiment. * * 

"On or about the 15th day of September, 181 3, orders 
were issued to the members of the company by Colonel 
Swift to go into service on the western frontier at Buffalo; 
the companies to assemble at, Irondequoit, at the mouth of 
the Genesee river. * * Said company assembled 
on the Pre-emption about two miles south of Lyons, marched 
to Canandaigua, where there was an arsenal and where we 
drew our arms; thence to Irondequoit, where we were 
mustered into the service of the United States. * * 


Remained there two days and were discharged, having 
served in all five or six days. * * 

"In December, 1814, about the 12th or 14th, deponent 
was drafted out in Captain Peacock's company, with many 
others, to go to Buffalo. Deponent hired James Corwin to 

fo as his substitute, and he served as such with Sergeant 
homas E. Dorsey under Captains Perrine and Burnell. 

* * In a very few days, about December 20th, the 
whole regiment of Colonel Swift entered service again and 
marched to Canandaigua, thence to the Genesee River as 
far as where Rochester now stands. * * and then 
served one or two days again, and we were discharged and 
marched home because word was brought that the British 
had crossed back into Canada after the burning of Buffalo. 

* * All of the said companies were in the service 
both of these times. * * The way I fix the time of 
our service the last time in December, 181 3, is this : I have 
always recollected that we got back home the night before 
Christmas, and from another fact that I went on Christmas 
day to the wedding of Peter Van Etten. who married a 
sister of Simon Pitcher." * * 

We make the following extracts from various affidavits 
laid before Congress in support of the claim of William 
Wickham * to compensation for the destruction of his house, 
store, goods and furniture ; a claim which being presented 
first in 18 16, had successive hearings for more than thirty 
years, but was never allowed : 

" Henry Lum, of Geneva, describes Mr. Wickham's house 
as follows : It was a two-story house, and well finished, and 
about fifty -two feet by thirty-six, with an entry through, and 
a large convenient kitchen back of and adjoining the same ; 
the whole well finished, and the windows in general well 
hung, with Venetian blinds. . Deponent further saith that he 
has nad much experience in building, and from his knowl- 
edge of the art of building, and of the style arid manner of 
building, and finishing the house of the said Wickham, he 

*Mr.- Wickham based his claims principally upon the ground that his house 
was a public building, having the postofflce in it; that it was occupied by United 
States troops, and that it was destroyed for this reason, and that private houses 
were burned because the public property of the government was stored at the 
Point, and the British offered to refrain from all destruction of private prop- 
erty if the public property was given up. The hearing upon Mr. Wickhams 
claim is a good specimen of Dickens " Circumlocution office," the first papers 
having been presented to Congress in 1816, and the last in 1846-'47. Mr. 
Wickhams losses were very heavy ; dwelling house, new and well furnishedy 
store and goods, and a warehouse at the waters edge were all totally destroyed. 


verily believes the house, kitchen and wood house aforesaid 
were at the time they were destroyed by the enemy, reason- 
ably and fairly worth six thousand dollars. 

"Dated November 20, 1816." 

" Williamr Burnet, Brigadier-General of the twenty-fourth 
Brigade of New York militia, deposes that on or about the 
i6th day of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, 
intelligence was received that the British had landed at 
Genesee river, and were coming to Sodus, where was 
deposited large quantities of provisions, and stores destined 
for the American army, then. in service against Canada ; that 
thereupon he ordered into the service of the United States, 
the regiment of militia, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Philitus Swift and part of a battalion of riflemen, and 
directed them to repair to Sodus for the protection of the 
public property, and the militia so ordered out did assemble 
under the command of the deponent at Sodus, and by their 
exertions removed a very considerable part of the said 
provisions to a place of safety. ***** Deponent 
further says that on the morning of the 19th of June, in the 
same year, the'enemy not then appearing, the greater part 
of the militia so ordered out were dismissed, and only a 
guard retained for the property so removed ; that on the 
night of the day aforesaid, the British fleet put into Sodus 
Bay, landed a party of men., took and carried away or 
destroyed the provisions, remaining in the storehouse of 
Nathaniel Merrill and in several other buildings, 

"Dated November 18, 1816." 

" Asahel Bannister, deposed that in the attack made by 
the British in the late war, on the village of Sodus, he acted 
as Quartermaster in Colonel Swift's regiment of militia, and 
was bearer of a flag of truce to the enemy, and was met by 
a flag from them ; that the officers who bore the British flag 
proposed to deponent to spare the village and not- to burn 
or destroy private property upon condition that the public 
stores and provisions which had been removed were given 
up to them ; that deponent replied he was not authorized to 
make any such stipulation, but would report the same to 
his officers, and in three or four hours would return them 
an answer ; hoping and believing that by that time sufficient 
militia would assemble to defend the property aforesaid; 
that he did thereupon return to his officers and made report 
of what had passed, and at the expiration of the appointed 
time again bore a flag to the enemy and informed them that 
the property would not be given up. And deponent further 
saith that in the course of the conversation held with the 


British officers, he distinctly stated to this deponent that 
their intention was only to obtain the public provisions ; and 
if they were given up to them peaceably, they would engage 
not to come to Sodus again during this war unless it should 
again be made a place of deposit for public stores or become 
a military post. 

" And deponent further saith that for want of camp equip- 
age and barracks the soldiers were compelled to and did 
actually make use of the; said Wickham's kitchen and furni- 
ture for that purpose. 

. " And deponent further saith that on the first landing of 
the enemy a smart conflict ensued between the British and a 
party of militia a short distance from the house of the said 
William Wickharfi in which several of the enemy were killed 
and wounded. 

"Dated November 16, 1816." 

These affidavits enlarge upon the deposit of public stores 
being the reason for the destruction of the place, because it 
was desirable to prove that Mr. Wickham's house and the 
houses of others were burned in an attempt to save the pub- 
lic property of the United States and therefore the owners 
had a just claim for compensation. 

But we quote from these documents simply to throw light 
upon the events which occurred in connection with the 

" Daniel Dorsey deposed that during the late war he com- 
manded a company of exempt militia attached to Colonel 
Philetus Swift's regiment; and that on or about the i6th 
of June 18 13, an alarm was spread that the enemy had 
landed at Genesee River and was coming to Sodus. * * 
* * That General Wm. Burnet ordered out a part of 
. his Brigade into, the service of the United States for the 
defense of the village of Sodus aftd of the public property, 
and that in consequence of said order, deponent marched 
with his company to Sodus, and this deponent further saith 
that there were no tents or other camp equipage for the 
accommodation of the troops and that for want thereof the 
troops were quartered in the houses and barns of the citi- 
zens, and that he expressly ordered a part of bis company 
to take possession of the barn of William Wickham and to 
occupy the same for barracks and that they did use the 
same ; and for want of camp kettles and proper articles for 
cooking and baking, the kitchens and kettles of the citizens 
were used for that purpose, and he well remembers that the 
soldiers of his company did cook in the kitchen of William 


Wickham. * * * That on the night of the 
19th of June in the same year, the British landed at Sodus, 
captured some of the provisions which had not been 
removed and burned the store-house in which they were 
stored and several private dwellings. 

" Dated November ro, 1816." 

" George Chapin further describes the Wickham house in 
his affidavit as a two-story house fifty -two feet long and thirty- 
six feet wide, with four rooms on the lower floor and an 
entry of ten feet wide ; and in all respects neatly and expen- 
sively finished ; with cherry doors and twenty-nine windows 
of which twenty-five had Venetian blinds, painted, well hung, 
with fastenings, etc., etc.; and that there was a kitchen back 
of and adjoining said house thirt3'-two feet long and thirty 
wide, in all respects well finished, with chambers overhead 
and a woodhouse back of the kitchen fifty-two feet long and 
sixteen feet wide, with a convenient wash-room at one end. 

" Dated November 13, 1816." 

Jesse Brown, in a long affidavit, detailing principally the 
occupying of Mr. Wickham's house and other private houses 
by the soldiers, adds the following statement not mentioned 
by others : 

" That a black man by the name of Gilbert, an inhabitant 
of Sodus, was taken prisoner by the enemy, and the said 
Gilbert afterwards informed him that the enemy did, by 
threatening him with instant death, compel him to point out 
to them the houses in which soldiers had been quartered and 
where arms or ammunition had been deposited. 

"Dated October 31, 1816." 

" Dorothy Hodgman, a member of the Wickham family, 
makes affidavit to the furniture in the house, from which it 
appears that the young merchant had established himself 
and family in decidedly' comfortable quarters. The list 
includes one mahogany bedstead, forty dollars; two common 
bedsteads, twenty dollars; one mahogany dining iable, 
thirty dollars ; three small cherry tables, seventeen dollars ; 
one looking-glass thirty dollars ; one tea set (India China) 
twenty-six dollars ; one book-case, glass doors, fifty dollars ; 
and a large inventory besides of articles ' too numerous to 

"Dated November 13, 1816." 

James Edwards, of Sodus, in a long affidavit stating events 
bearing particularly on the Wickham claim testifies to the 
following general matters : 


"That he was at Sodus Point on the 17th, i8th, 19th 
and 20th days of June, one thousand eight hundred and 
thirteen as a guard to protect public property and that 
he was on guard on the 19th of June, 18 13, at the time 
the enemy landed a force on Sodus Point. * * * 
That he was present in the battle that took place, which, as 
deponent believes, was at about 12 o'clock on the night of 
the 19th of June, 181 3, and that he left the Point about 
three o'clock that night and werit about a mile west to join 
the main body where the wounded had been removed. 

" Deponent further says that at the time he left the Point 
on the morning of the 20th of June, 1813, the enemy had 
done no other damage than to destroy the remainmg part 
of the public property left in the storehouse ; the residue 
having been removed the day before to a place about sev- 
enty-five rods west of said Wickham's house. Deponent 
returned to the Point in the morning a short time after they 
had set fire to the buildings. 

"Dated July 17, 1846." 

" Asel Latimer in a similar affidavit says : That he was on 
guard on the 19th of June, 1813, the day the enemy landed a 
force oh Sodus Point ; that at that time William Wickham 
was absent and had been gone about two weeks to New 
York on business and did not return, until about July ist: 
that in the afternoon of the 19th, by direction of Captain 
Nathaniel Merrill in command of the guard left by General 
Burnett, Mrs. Wickham left the house and some of the 
guard were quartered therein. * * Deponent fur- 
ther says that on the night of the 19th of June br morning 
ot the 20th, the enemy landed a* Sodus Point and that he 
saw them set fire to and burn the storehouse and public 
property that had not been removed, and that they then 
came up into the village and burned the said William Wick- 
ham's dwelling-house together with the Post Office and 
other buildings attached thereto. * * Deponent further 
states that on the i8th and 19th a part of the public property 
was removed from the storehouse about seventy-five rods 
west of the said Wickham's house to the upper end of the 
village in the woods. * * That on the afternoon of 
the same day that the buildings were burned in the morning 
that the enemy sent a flag of truce on shore saying if the 
militia would give up the remainder of the public stores 
they would not destroy any more private stores. General 
Burnett, commander of the American forces, replied that 
they must take it by the point of the sword or the strength 
of powder ; that the British then retreated to their vessels. 

"Dated July 17, 1846." 



" Eliza C. Hoylarts testified, that Gilbert Saulter said to 
her that he was on board the enemy's ship at the time they 
sent the soldiers on shore and that he distinctly heard the 
commanding officer, Sir James Yeo, order the officer in 
charge of the expedition to be sure and burn the Post 

"Dated July 17, 1846." 

" William P. Irwin made an affidavit in support of the 
Wickham claim, and stated among other things, that he was 
called out as a p^rivate in Captain John Holcomb's company, 
to defend Sodus Point, and the public property deposited 
in the storehouse at Sodus Point, on the i6th, 17th, i8th 
and 19th days of June, 1813. * * * That the flag of 
truce sent in by the enemy was after the buildings were set 
on fire. * * That on the night of the said 19th of June, 
1813, a guard was set to guard the public property west of 
said Wickham's house, and also a guard stationed from said 
Wickham's house south-east to the warehouse. 

"Dated July 17, 1846." 

Asel Latimer, in a similar affidavit said : 

" On the morning of the conflagration I saw the British 
gun boats in Sodus Bay, and at about 7 o'clock A. M. I saw 
a small boat leave one of the gun boats with five or six men 
on board; "they landed and proceeded into the village and 
set fire to the houses, to wit ; Captain William Wickham's 
house and store, Nathaniel Merrill's tavern house, Captain 
William Edus' dwelling house, and two storehouses on the 
margin of the Bay. While the houses were in flames, they 
fired a gun into each, gave^ three cheers and hurrahed for 
North America." 



THE close connection geographically, between the United 
States and Canada has always been the source of agita- 
tion along the border during a state of war. The strug- 
gles between the French and English for the possession 
of Canada, during nearly two centuries, exemplify this 
statement. In both the Revolutionary War and the War 
of 1812, the conquest of Canada by the United States was 
an object of much debate and of several bloody and 
unsuccessful attempts. In the Canadian Rebellion, so-called 
of 1837-38, there was much excitement in the State of 
New York, especially in the counties bordering upon the 

The Wayne county newspapers of those years were full 
of news from the frontier, and it is undeniable that there 
was a deep feeling of sympathy with the Canadian patriots, 
and quite an ardent disposition to actually volunteer in their 
service. It was the duty of the United States, under treaties 
to preserve the neutrality of the border, and this was faith- 
fully done. No parties of British were, however, permitted 
to follow the fleeing " patriots " upon American soil. Had 
they attempted it they would have been instantly repelled 
with all the force at the command of General Scott, as 
shown below. The Wayne Sentinel, of January 18, 1838, 
is particularly interesting, as that was the date when affairs 
at Navy Island came to a crisis. Copies of the Newark 
Standard, for that year are full of Canadian news, and it is 
no secret that the editor, Daniel M. Keeler, strongly sympa- 
thized with the " patriots." 

The orders in the Adjutant-General's office bearing upon 
these troubles are as follows : 


General Orders, 1 January 12, 1838. ^ 

No. I. f 

Brigadier-General Burt of the Forty-Seventh Brigade o 
Infantry will forthwith report to the Commander-in-Chief 
the number of the militianow under his command and in the 
service of the State, called out to protect its territory from 
invasion. Signed. W. L. Marcy, 

General Orders, 1° 
No. 2. i 

A similar order to Brigadier-General Randall of the 
Eighth Brigade of Artillery. 

General Orders, } 
No. 3. \ 

A similar order of the same date to Brigadier-General 
Jackson, of the Fifth Brigade of Infantry. 

State of New, York, Headquarters. 

Buffalo, January 12, 1838, 11 o'clock P. M. 
General Orders, 
No. 4. 

Brigadier-General Randall will immediately order out 
the whole force under his command and march to Black 
Rock, with the utmost expedition, with his ordnance, arms, 
ammunition, &c., prepared for service, and there wait for 
further orders from the Commander-in-Chief. 

Allen McDonald, 

Adj utant-General. 
General Orders, | 
No. 5.- \ 

A similar order of the same date to Brigadier-General 
Burt omitting the word ordnance. 

State of New York, Headquarters. 

Buffalo, January 12, 1838, 11 o'clock p. m. 
General Orders, ] 
No. 6. f 

Understanding that the forces on Navy Island are 
moving from their station with a view to cross from the 
territory of the State of New York into Canada, you will if 
this be so, follow in their rear and render all the service in 
your power to prevent an expedition from our territory 
across the Niagara river into Canada. The troops at this 
place are ordered out to prevent the movement. 

Signed, Allen McDonald, 



Order No. 7, directed Brigadier-General Jackson not to 
attack or fire upon any persons landing from Navy Island 
on the soil of this State. 

Similar orders, 8 and 9, were given to General Burt and 
General Randall. 

State of New York, Headquarters. 

Buffalo, January 15, 1838, 2 o'clock a. m. 

General Order, ) 

No. 10. j 

The. Commander-in-Chief has received information which 
renders it necessary and he hereby directs that Brigadier- 
General Jackson rendezvous without delay at Fort Schlosser 
with all the force under his command at Niagara Falls and 
vicinit}', except those on Grand Island, and that the said 
force be held in compact order for immediate service. 

Should any persons flee to our soil for refuge and be pur- 
sued by a belligerent party, such pwrsuing party must not 
be permitted to come upon our territory, but must be 
requested by Brigadier-General Jackson or the officer in 
command of our forces, to halt and retire; and if this request 
or remonstrance be not instantly complied with, the officer 
in command of our forces, to prevent or correct any such 
violation of our soil, must apply all his strength to drive 
back the wrong doer as in the case of open war. 


Order No. 11 called on General David Burt, Seventh 
Brigade, for 350 troops, to serve three months unless sooner 

Orders 12 and 13 were similar addressed to General Nel- 
son Randall, Eighth Brigade for 450, and General John 
Jackson Fifth Brigade for 350. 

Headquarters, Buffalo, 
General Orders, ) January 16, 1838. 

No. 14. j 

The Commander-in-Chief, hereby directs Brigadier-Gene- 
ral David Burt to detail a sufficient force to search Grand 
Island and the vicinity oh the main shore and elsewhere 
within the bounds of the command for cannons, muskets, etc., 
the property of the people of the State of New York. 

General Burt is particularly instructed to seize upon all 
cannon and carriages and implements for the same in whose 
hands soever they may be found, etc., etc. * * * 

Allen McDonald, 

270 military history of wayne county. 

State of New York, Headquarters. ] 
Albany, February 28, 1838. f 
General Orders : 

In pursuance of the requisition of Brevet-Major General 
Scott," of the United States army, of the 19th day of Feb- 
ruary instant, under instructions from the President of the 
United States, to the Commander-in-Chief of the militia, of 
the State of New York, requesting him to call into service 
and place under the command of General Scott, such 
militia force as he may require for the defence of the 
Niagara frontier, of the said State, and the preservation of 
neutrality between the United States and Great Britain, 
Brigadier-General Burt, commanding the forty-seventh 
Brigade of Infantry, of the militia of the said State, is 
hereby directed to furnish and place under command of 
Major-General Scott, of the United States army from his 
said Brigade, such force as shall be designated by Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Worth, of the United States army, to be 
mustered into the service of the United States for three 
months unless sooner discharged. * * * 

Allen McDonald, 


Several men from different parts of the County went to 
" Navy Island " in the " Patriot war." Three went from 
Pultneyville or that vicinity. Mr. Beebe was one of them. 
He had been at Pultneyville a few months residing with an 
Indian Doctor of the name of Fuller. Mr. Seeley was 
another volunteer and there was a third man whose name is 
not now recalled at Pultneyville. Washington Throop 
states that he remembers seeing them take the stage at noon 
on Wednesday. They reached the Island on Friday and 
within an hour Beebe wag struck by a spent cannon ball, o^- 
a ball ricochetting. He was instantly killed. It is the recol- 
lection of Charles J. Allen that three men volunteered from 
the east part of Sodus: John Baird, Thomas Nelson, Nathan 
Berry. Baird was killed. 

Dr. William Green, then of Sodus, afterwards of Marion, 
tendered his services in the following letter . 

Sodus, January 14th, 1838. 
To Colonel Fletcher or Major McLeod, Messrs : 

Having an opportunity to send you a line, I pen it in a 
hurry. I say I wish to come to you ; wherever you are, I 
am ready to serve you as a surgeon. I bring the certificates 


you spoke of. If my services are not required as a surgeon, 
write me what encouragement you will give, if I bring on 
men. God bless you ! My heart is with you. 

N. B.— -I mentioned to you that there were men here to 
whom it was necessary^to offer encouragement, but who 
would start with it. Be as particular as your time will 
allow. Yours, heart and hands, 

William Green, M. D. 
The following was the answer received : 

Buffalo, January 18, 1838. 
Dear Sir — I am directed by the Commander-in-Chief, of 
the patriot service of the Republic of Upper Canada, to 
say that he has accepted of your proffer as surgeon. You 
are therefore hereby requested to repair to headquarters 
immediately, and report yourself to the Adjutant-General 

Certified, D. McLeod, Adj't. Gen'l. 

R. W: Ashley, Jr., Col. and Aid G. 

At Newark there was considerable excitement ; a -large 
and enthusiastic meeting was held in the old Methodist 
church (now Washington Hall) in aid of the " Patriot '* 

David M. Keeler was then publishing the Newark Stan- 
dard. The number for November 24, 1838, is full of news 
from the " seat of war.'" It is the recollection of some at 
Newark that Mr. Keeler himself volunteered, and that 
several others went with him. The three now mentioned 
positively as having gone, were Horace Dennison, Dwight 
Dickinson and Peter T. Barney. 

The " patriots " took with them a cannon belonging to the 
then artillerj' company of Newark. The " taking " is said 
to have been tacitly allowed by those in charge ; at least, 
they took no steps to stop it. The cannon was afterwards 

Hon. E. W. Sentell, of Sodus, was at that time Captain of 
an artillery company. In the midst of the excitement, as 
shown in the orders given above, he was directed to order 
out his company. This was done at Sodus village. The 

•Fletcher Williams, of Newark, writes : "David M. Keeler, editor of our 
village paper, raised a company and went to Navy Island. They took the 
cannon, a brass six-pounder, belonging to the company of State artillery at 
this place. The company safely returned, and the cannon was also recovered." 


company paraded during the day. Teams were engaged to 
draw the cannon. It was supposed they would be called to 
march immediately for Niagara. 

They were dismissed at night, with orders to hold them- 
selves in instant readiness to march, but they were not again 
assembled for that purpose. 

Jesse H. Green, at that time in command of a company 
in the sixteenth regiment of riflemen, also called out his 
men pursuant to orders, drilled them and dismissed them 
with instructions to be prepared to march at any hour. 

John Sherman, from Palmyra, was in the Canadian rebell- 
ion, aiding the patriots. He was visiting an uncle when 
enlisted. He died in Palmyra, in 1862. 

Mr. Laroque, of French ancestry, was born in Canada 
East, and served in the brief struggle of the " Patriots " 
against England, in 1838-39. He died in Rose, July, 1859. 
His family evidently inherited something of the martial 
qualities of the olden times of French History. Three sons, 
aged only 18, 16, and 15, went into the Union army, in 
i86i-'65, as shown in another place, and a fourth, William 
H. Laroque, being only seventeen years of age, joined Gen- 
eral Custer's command in 1870, and shared the fate of that 
lamented leader. Only the Indians know his place of 

An important acquisition to the patriot forces was the 
adherence of Mr. Robert W. Ashley, of Lyons. There are 
now in possession of his family a portion of the actual 
archives or records of the Patriot forces and Patriot govern- 
ment of the " State of Upper Canada," Mr. Ashley had 
intense enthusiasm upon the subject, and was not content to 
remain simply a sympathizing spectator. He enlisted and 
became Adjutant-General of the Patriot forces. 

In January, 1838, it appears from the papers, that Mr. 
Ashley was then acting as aid to Donald McLeod, then 
Adjutant-General, having the rank of Colonel. Sometime 
in March he became Acting Adjutant-General, and later 
Adjutant-General ; the correspondence showing that he 
was connected with the service four months or more. We 
can only give a brief analysis of the contents of the papers 
and a few facts culled from them. 


In January, 1838, there are orders desififnating mess mates 
like the following- : 

" Henry A. Nard, Joseph Shangler, Wm. VanValkenburgh 
and Wm. L. Pierce, are to be included in one mess. 

R. W, Ashley, Jr." 

" A NOTICE. — Thomas Jefferson, Peter P- Pulver, Abraham 
Crannell, start Thursday evening for the frontier, January 
4, 1837 [8]." 

Election of officers at Conneaut, Ohio, January 29, 1838. 
H. C. Seward, Colonel; Samuel C. Bacon, Lieutenant- 
Colonel ; Lester Hoadley, Major. 

Memorandum of forces, January 24, 1838, then at North 
East, Pennsylvania, First Regiment " Patriot Forces." 
Present, nine Captains, eighteen Lieutenants, fifteen Ser- 
geants, and one-hundred and eighty-one rank and file. 

Correspondence is dated variously at Conneaut, North 
East, Erie, Sandusky, Westfield, Fredonia, in those parts of 
Pennsylvania, New York and Ohio, near to Lake Erie. 

There is a series of orders, one to, ten, making appoint- 
ments ordering movements, &c. 

In February, 1838, there are numerous bills receipted, a 
few general orders continued, and some correspondence. 
The list of donations "for the purpose of aiding the Patriots 
of Canada," is somewhat amusing. In Peru, Huron county, 
Ohio, the list shows twenty or more donations headed by 
Rodney Sanford, one dollar, Mrs. Sally Ann Sanford, (two 
pairs of socks) one dollar. Other subscriptions ranging 
from two dollars down to twenty-five cents. Not very heavy 
. sums for the exchequer of the Republic of Upper Canada. 

There is a. shipping bill for $150 worth of pork, flour, 
crackers, peas, coffee, tobacco, hams and shoulders shipped 
by E. S. Dodd & Company, of Toledo, Ohio, to " Brigadier- 
General Donald McLeod.commanding Patriot Forces on the 
Northern Frontier " at Monroe, Michigan. 

In March there is a report from Brigadier McLeod to 
Adjutant-General Ashley of two engagements, one on 
Fighting Island and the other at Belle Island. McLeod 

says : 

" I had a very narrow escape. My cap was raked in the 
fore part by a grape shot. * * My love and respects 


to my wife. Read this to her and say to her that I have not 
yet filled a coward's grave." 

There is also the adcount ol a public meeting at Buffalo in 
aid of "the cause," March 28, 1838. 

In April, Mr. Ashley seems, from the correspondence, to- 
"have been somewhat secluded at Newark, in this county, 
avoiding difficulty with United States Marshals on account 
of his part in their operations against Canada. 

The correspondence shows that he received letters 
from the Patriot 9fficers at Rochester and elsewhere, and. 
answered then? from Newark. Under date of April 14, 
1838, Mr. Ashley, in a letter to A. K. McKenzie, says: 

" By an arrangement made between General McLeod and 
myself at Rochester, I came to this place to await his return 
from the east. Since my arrival here, I have been compelled 
to keep myself hid from the eyes of the public on account of 
the marshals of the United States who, acting under the 
action of the District Attorney, are very watchful and eager to 
make an arrest, no matter how, or by what means. To show 
you that such is the case, I will refer you to one act of the 
high officials and those acting under them. Colonel Ambrose 
Salisbur}', of Palmyra, Wayne Countj, who was twice a 
member of Assembly and now a Justice of the Peace and 
Supervisor, was arrested and held to bail merely for carry- 
ing a load of patriots to Navy Island, and defraying their 
expenses out of his own pockets." 

In May his letters show that Mr. Ashley was again on the 
frontier at Lockport and elsewhere. 

The design of this chapter and our limited space prevents 
the giving further items from this collection of official 
papers. The whole are of great interest, but they relate 
mostly to matters beyond the bounds of Wayne County. 

The following paragraph from Appletotis Encyclopedia 
gives, though not very clearly, the general cause of the Cana- 
dian Rebellion and also shows how that rebellion led to the 
granting two years later of rights claimed, though the rebell- 
ion itself was sternly suppressed by force of arms. -This is 
a very common result of such insurrections. They are pos- 
itively suppressed but the relief is soon after granted by the ' 
victorious government : 

" Disputes regarding the interpretation of the constitu- 
tional act arose. One party contended that Canada was in 


possession of a transcript of the British Constitution, and 
that the advisers of the governors in matters of State should 
be responsible to the Commons House of Assembly. The 
other party denied the necessity of any accord between the 
executive council and the legislative assembly. 

" The attempt to make the local government responsible to 
the popular branch of the legislature- was not successful till 
1 841, the year after an imperial act had been passed to unite 
the provinces under one administration and one legislature. 
The definite establishment of a responsible government in 
1 841 was effected by a series of resolutions passed by the. 
legislative assembly, in which the other chamber was not 
invited to concur. In this simple manner was consummated 
a revolution which bears some analogy to that of 1688 in 
England. But in 1841 victory was already achieved for the 
principle of constitutional government before its formal decla- 
ration by the resolutions of the popular branch. The antecedent 
struggle between oligarchy and the constitutional principle 
had been long, fierce and sanguinary. It was marked by 
open insurrection in 1837 and 1838. The popular complaints 
which preceded that outbreak were numerous, but they are 
all referable to the single circumstance of an irresponsible 
administration. In the rebellion which had Louis Joseph 
Papineau for chief in Lower Canada and William Lyon 
Mackenzie in Upper Canada, a considerable number of lives 
were lost ; after the failure of the enterprise, some execu- 
tions took place, many who had been implicated in the 
movement fled for protection to the United States and 
several were banished to the Island of Bermuda. 

" There were some serious engagements between the 
troops or militia and the insurgents. For some weeks the 
Upper Canada insurgents had possession of Navy Island, 
•situated in the Niagara river, just above the falls. In 1849 ^ 
general amnesty was passed." 

The Mexican War of 1846, required no very large array of 
volunteers. It was not a popular war at the North. Its 
magnificent results in giving to the United States a vast 
acquisition of territory with all of its treasures of mineral 
wealth, with a development of commercial interests, vast 
and imperial along the Pacific coast, could not be forseen. 
At the North it was thought that the struggle was a misera- 
ble contest growing out of the acquisition of Texas to con- 
stitute another slave state. 


The keenest prophetic eye could not penetrate the future 
and see that within twent3'^-five years from the declaration of 
war against Mexico, the words master and slave were to 
disappear from the laws of the United States themselves ; 
and that instead of securing new territory to slavery, this 
Mexican War was to open up vast fields where the brain and 
muscle of free labor should achieve the mightiest results 
known to civilization. 

The Mexican War despite its unpopularity in many quar- 
ters at its outbreak has nevertheless an important place in 
our national history. National pride will not forget the 
bravery then displayed ; the old bravery of the Anglo- 
Saxon blood that has never failed on the battle fields of cen- 
turies. It shone conspiuous at Buena Vista, Contreras, 
Chapultepec and Cherubusco. 

Only a few soldiers have been found in Wayne Countv, 
who served in the Mexican or Indian Wars. We give the 

Hiram Corey, of H-uron, was in the Seminole War in Florida, 
and in the Mexican War of 1846-8. He. was wounded at 
Palo Alto , . afterwards run over by a piece of artillery, 
breaking his leg and arm. 
Alpheus P. Cornell was a soldier of the Mexican War — a 
member of Company 1., Captain C^ S. Stevenson, 5th N. 
S. Infantry. 
Stephen B. Hutchinson, of Wolcott, was a soldier in the Semi- 
nole War and in the Mexican War. He received a pen- 
Mr. Jeffers, of Rose, now living at the west, was in the 

Mexican War. 
Wm. Jordan, from Clyde, served in the war with Mexico. 
George F. Mussulman, afterwards of Marion, was in the Mexi- 
can War and in the War of the Rebellion. 
Wm. W. Wylie,o{ Rose, served in the Mexican War, and also 

in the War of the Rebellion. 
Jostah J. White, whose name appears hereafter in connection 
with Company B, of the thirty-third Infantry, in the 
Civil War, was in the Mexican War from the spring of 
1846 to the fall of 1847. He was a private in the army, 
but was employed largely as an interpreter, 


Dr. G. P. Livingston, now of Clyde, served in the war with 
Mexico. He went out as Hospital Steward on the 
Bomb Brig Vesuvius. This was one of the four bomb 
brigs fitted out expressly for the bombardment of Vera 
Cruz. The other three being named the Aetna, Stromboli, 
and the Hecla. He was present at the Bombardment 
and surrender of Vera Cruz. The Vesuvius lay within 
two anda quarter miles of the castle, and the guns being 
capable of carrying shells four miles, very accurate and 
successful work was done. He was also at the capture 
of Alvarado, the city of Tuspan, nine miles up the 
Tuspanon river and the city of Tobasco, seven miles 
up the Tobasco river, both the last being strongly 
fortified and finally carried by assault. After the cap- 
ture of Tobasco, the Vesuvius was sent to Laguna, as 
a guard-ship. The yellow fever breaking out soon after 
arriving there, a hospital was established on shore. The 
surgeon, P. Benson Delaney, of Philadelphia, was the 
first victim of the desease. Dr. Livingston was then 
appointed Acting Assistant Surgeon, which post he held 
until the close of the war, when he was discharged from 
the service. He then received an appointment as Assist. 
ant Surgeon on the steamer Legare, of the United 
States Coast Survey ; serving for one season. Dr.. Liv- 
ingston had a personal combat at Tuspan, with a Mexi- 
can, who drew his revolver on him ; fortunately it 
missed fire, the Doctor threw himself upon his oppon- 
ent, wrenched away the revolver and made him pris- 
oner. Dr. Livingston has the revolver as a memento 
of that struggle. 
Valentine Way, of Rose, also served in the Mexican War and 
was killed. 
The names of a few others appear in the general civil 
war lists given by towns. 

From the Newark Union, June 2, 1883. 
" Very few, certainly no more in our vicinity, of the partic- 
ipants in the memorable historical event of seventy years 


ago, enacted on the field of Waterloo, which resulted in the 
complete overthrow of Napoleon Bonaparte, the French 
Emperor, have been privileged to continue their existence 
until the present day. 

" The death of John Rhein, in this village, in the eighty- 
ninth year of his age, during the night of Saturday last, (May 
27,) closes the life of a genial, pleasant old gentleman, whose 
delight it was, during the last years of his life, to recount to 
ouj- citizens many incidents of his experience during his 
three and a half years' service as a drummer boy under 
Napoleon, and especially some of the scenes in the final 
act in the life-drama of that greatest of generals in modern 

" Mr. Rhein was born in the town of Neustadt, Kurhessen 
county, one of the German provinces, not far from the banks 
of the Rhine, on March 5th, 1795. He joined Napoleon's 
army during the spring of 1 8 14, as a drummer boy, when he 
was a trifle over nineteen years of age, and a few months 
over twenty years old at the time of the battle,of Waterloo, 
June i8th, 181 5. He continued in the service until Septem- 
ber 12, 1817, at which time his discharge is dated. Among 
his old papers we found a letter of recommendation, written 
b}'^ his old regimental commander, commending him highly 
as being a good soldier, and as being faithful and earnest in 
the performance of his duties. 

- " March 19th, 18 19, he was apprenticed to a harness maker 
of his native village to learn the trade, which he followed 
until the last few years of his life. In 1832 he was married 
to Mary M. Snyder, and soon after, with his wife, came to 
this country. He first settled at Sand Lake, afterwards 
moving into the town of Sodus in this county. The last five 
yeai's of his life were spent with J. L. Snyder, his step- 
grandson, at whose home on the corner of Miller and Norton 
streets his death occurred. The funeral services were held 
on Tuesday, May 29th, at 11 o'clock, at the German church, 
of which he was an honored member, the sermon being 
preached by Rev. Mr. Lehn, his pastor, followed with 
remarks by Rev. A. J. Kenyon, of the Methodist church of 
this village. His remains were interred in Willow Avenue 


" Frederick Rorabach, a German, died at his home in the 
town of Sodus (at Sodus Centre), in this county, one day 
last week, at the advanced age of seventy-eight years. 
Deceased was a soldier under Napoleon during the latter 
portioji of his campaign, commencing with the battle of 
Austerlitz and ending with the defeat at Waterloo. It was 


interesting to hear the old man, in. his broken English, 
recount the scenes of those terrific engagements — his excite- 
ment sometimes getting the mastery over him, as he dwelt 
upon them, so that he could scarcely articulate a word. His 
affection for Napoleon, and the tenderness with which he 
always spoke of his beloved commander, were truly 

" Deceased was a farmer by occupation. He came to this 
country about fourteen years ago. He was an industrious, 
active man to the last; indeed, he had been carrying in 
wood only a few minutes before he died, when, sinking into 
a chair, he expired without a struggle or a groan." —MarcA 
18, 1869. 


" Edv(rard Quaif, of Manchester, died on the 23d ult., at 
the advanced age of eighty-two years. He was in early life 
a soldier of the Peninsula war, and served at the battles of 
Salamanca, Saragossa, Badajos and Cindad Roderigo, and 
was one of nineteen left out of a Regiment of more than 
1,000. In his advanced years he was remarkable for his 
physical strength and vigor ; at eighty years of age he could 
perform as much labor, and with as little bodily discomfort, 
as the most of farm hands." — February 5, 1869. 

Dr. Henry Perrine, of Palmyra, removed to Florida at 
the time of the Seminole war. He was killed in the massa- 
cre at Indian Key, August 7, 1840. Dr. Perrine was born 
in Brooklyn in 1797, and was therefore only forty -three 
years old at the time of his death. 

Edward Qiiaif, of the town of Manchester, near Palmyra, 
died January 23d, 1864, aged eighty-three. In early life he 
was a soldier of the Peninsula war. After the defeat of Sir 
John Moore at Corunna, Arthur Wellesley was ordered to 
Spain with reinforcements. At this time there was sent 
out the King's Household Guards, a body that seldom or 
never left the kingdom. Mr. Quaif served in this body 
sixteen years, and went with it to Spain on this expedition, 
where he was engaged in several bloody battles and des- 
perate sieges. 

Dr. Alexander Mclntyre, of Palmyra, was an assistant 
surgeon in the War of 1812, and served upon the lines at 
Niagara. He was present and near to General John Swift, 
when the latter was killed. Dr. Mclntyre was born in 


Cummington, Massachusetts, in 1792. In 1800 he came to 
Palmyra to reside with his uncle, Dr. Gain Robinson. When 
sixteen years old he engaged as clerk in Newark at the mouth 
of the Niagara river. Besides his clerkship he taught music 
and made excursions for trade among the Indians. His suc- 
cess was such that at the age of nineteen he was able to pur- 
chase a farm at Youngstown, upon which he settled his 
parents. His father was captured in a British raid and died 
a prisoner of war at Quebec in November, 1815. Dr. 
Mclntyre completed his studies with his uncle and was a well 
known physician of extensive practice at Palmyra down to 
the time of his death in July, 1859. Upon the Robinson side 
of Dr. Mclntyre's ancestry, there were many noted as sol- 
diers in England ; and in this country three served in the 
Revolutionary war, one being killed in battle at Burgoyne's 
defeat, and two dying in the army, of disease. 

P/\Ry 3^C0|NlD. 



FORTY-SIX years had passed away since the proclama- 
tion of peace in 1 8 1 5 . During all that period the people 
of Wayne County had had no occasion to be aroused 
by the scenes or the sounds of war. 

Here and there a citizen of the county had joined the 
regular army and been engaged in various Indian wars, 
but they were so few as to attract little or no attention. 
The Mexican war had been fought and a victory won ; yet 
only a few persons actually residing in Wayne County at the 
time were engaged in that struggle. The contest of the 
Canadian patriots in 1838, and the intervention of Americans 
in their behalf, created for a time, apprehensions of war with 

The dispute with England in 1842 over the northeast 
boundar}'^ line of Maine was easily settled by diplomacy. A 
similar struggle with reference to the northwest boundary 
occurred in 1846, and " Fifty-Four Forty or Fight," was for 
a time the rallying cr}' of the newspapers ; but this difficulty 
was also settled by negotiation. The United States gave up 
what is now British Columbia, and the danger passed away. 
It is true that within that period there had been political revo- 
lutions ; startling events had taken place ; exciting subjects 
had been under discussion ; but the bloody hand of war had 
not touched our soil, nor had its hoarse voice summoned our 



people to the field and actual strife. There had been a 
national growth not surpassed and seldom equaled in all the 
history of the ages. 

New states had been settled and admitted to the Union. 
California and the adjoining Mexican provinces had been 
secured by the treaty which terminated the war with 

The discovery of gold had given a sudden impulse to the 
march of emigration and its resistless columns had scaled the 
mountain peaks, traversed the valleys, and made the wilder- 
ness to blossom as the rose and the desert to become a fruit- 
ful field. The United States had increased in national power, 
in material wealth, in educational facilities, and in all the ele- 
ments of civilization. Great benevolent and religious organi- - 
zations were actively at work caring for the poor and the 
destitute ; and sending the Gospel to the waste places of our 
own land and to the dark fields of barbarism on other con- 

That war would have any important part in the future his- 
tory of this continent was a forgotten idea. Moral, religious 
and educational influences were thought to be the only weap- 
ons that would hereafter be used along the lines of national 

A National Peace Society existed with a publication house 

and other machinery for dissemenating its principles. At its 

grand anniversary meeting, there was heralded forth its 

work of universal brotherhood. Swords were surely to be 

beaten into plowshares and spears into pruning hooks. Hon. 

Charles Sumner one of their most eloquent orators uttered 

the epigrammatic sentence : 

''No revolution is worth the shedding of a single drop of human 

These higher agencies were to supersede the work of 
armies, and wars were to cease. It was a golden dream of 
the philanthropist ; only a dream. The day of universal 
peace had not even dawned. 

Besides, there was an impression that martial qualities 
had died out from the race; that if moral ideas did not 
prevent war, yet cowardice would; that men would not 
fight, dare not fight as their fathers had in the olden times. 


The two sections of the Union that finally engaged in the 
deadliest war of the ages, fearfully misunderstood each 
other at this period. The discussions upon the subject of 
slavery had been for years growing in intensity. Commenc- 
ing with the issuing of the " Rights of Man" in 1832, those 
discussions had invaded every department of national life. 
Churches had divided and even dissolved under the agita- 
tions evoked and the passions aroused, yet who thought of 
war in the future ? Political parties had crumbled. Political 
revolutions had occurred. Statesmen had risen and states- 
men had fallen on the waves of popular commotion. Yet 
who dreamed of armies and of battles ? The halls of 
Congress had echoed to the eloquence of a hundred orators 
presenting one side or the other of the subjects in dispute, 
or proposing a compromise between them. Yet who really 
believed that civil war was to be the outcome of all this? 
Personal combats even had occurred without really creating 
an impression that there was danger of actual war. Charles 
Sumner had been brutally beaten at his desk. Northern 
Representatives carried revolvers to their seats. Potter, 
the long armed Representative from Wisconsin, accepted 
the challenge of Roger Pryor and named bowie knives as 
the weapons to be used. Burlingame, from Massachusetts, 
of unerring aim, accepted the challenge of Brooks, of South 
Carolina, and named the Clifton House, Niagara Falls, as 
the place, and rifles as the arms. Yet no one seemed to see 
how short the step was from the era of personal combat 
to the era of war. At the North men said, let Congress 
limit, restrict, and abolish slavery ; let them do what they 
will and the South will only bluster, not fight. They are 
loaded down with slavery ; the moment they organize to 
fight the North, the slaves will rise and no Southerner will 
dare leave his home to the horrors of a slave insurrection. 
The South said of the North-: they are a sordid, trading 
race ; they care more for the almighty dollar than for the 
best country the sun ever shone upon ; threaten their trade 
and they will not fight ; they are " greasy mechanics " and 
" mudsills " with neither courage nor patriotism. And so 
with this terribly mistaken opinion of each other the sec- 


tions drifted on and on to the inevitable conflict. The 
North at least asleep, the North, at least, all unconscious of 
the dread struggle just before them. 

True, there had been warning voices, but they were 
unheeded. Daniel Webster in his place in the United States 
Senate in 1832, when the tariff, not slavery was South 
Carolina's pretext for nullification and dissolution, had 
uttered these words — words that will live as long as language 
shall be spoken or books shall exist in the libraries of the 
remotest ages : 

"When my eyes shall be turned to behold for the last time 
the sun in heaven, may I not see him shining on the broken 
and dishonored fragments of a once glorious union: on 
states dissevered, discordant, belligerent ; on aland rent with 
civil feuds or drenched, it may be, in fraternal blood." 

Did the curtain of the future lift for him at that instant, 
that he might look down the brief vista of thirty years and 
see his son Colonel Fletcher Webster bleeding and dying on 
the battle field of Bull Run, August 29, 1862 ? 

At last the very edge of the perilous plunge from peace to 
war was reached. Events had marched with marvellous rapid- 
ity. The result of the election of November 6, i860, pro- 
nouncing Abraham Lincoln the chosen President of the United 
States was known throughout the country November 7th. 

On the same day the Legislature of South Carolina issued 
a call for a convention to meet December 17th. That Con- 
vention met on the day named and on the 24th of the same 
month adopted an ordinance of secession and Governor 
Francis Pickens immediately issued a proclamation announc- 
ing that South Carolina was a free and independent State ! ! 
The State forces within a day or two seized the Custom 
House, Post Office; and the Arsenal in Charleston, and Forts 
Pinckney and Moultrie in the harbor ; Major Anderson with- 
drawing his small force to Fort Sumter. 

On the 9th of January, 1861, Mississippi passed an ordi- 
nance of secession ; on the loth, Florida; on the nth, Ala- 
bama; on the I2th Georgia; on the 26th Louisiana and on 
the I St of February, Texas. Each State seizing at the same 
time the arsenal and the government buildings within its 
limits except Fort Pickens in Florida. 


February 9th a Convention to effect peace by comprom- 
ise met at Washington whose elaborate discussions and care- 
fully drawn propositions proved wholly ineffectual. To return 
to an earlier date : December 14th, General Cass resigned 
his place in the cabinet because ^President Buchanan refused 
to re-enforce the Forts in Charleston Harbor. Various 
other resignations followed and Joseph Holt became Secre- 
tary of War. December 29th, Commissioners from South 
Carolina came to Washington to demand the surrender of 
all the Forts within the limits of that State. They were not 
received by the President and the latter permitted his Cabi- 
net, a majority of which was now loyal, to attempt the pro- 
visioning of Fort Sumter. The steamer Star of the West 
left New York January 6, with supplies for Major Anderson. 
On the 9th in attempting to enter Charleston. Harbor she 
was fired upon by the rebels and compelled to desist. Mr. 
Thomas of Maryland having left the Cabinet because of the 
attempt to re-enforce Fort Sumter, General John A. Dix 
was appointed Secretary of the Treasury, where he wrote 
the famous order to Lieutenant Caldwell of a Revenue 

" If any man attempts to haul down the American flag shoot 
him on the spot." 

Nothing further was attempted by the outgoing adminis- 
tration. The Legislatures of New York, Ohio and Massa- 
chusetts offered military aid but no steps were taken to 
accept it. 

March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated Presi- 
dent. It was an hour of solemn .responsibility. Holding 
that no State had an}' right of its own motion to secede 
from the Union, and that therefore all ordinances of seces- 
sion were void and all acts under them treason, he said : 

" I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and 
the laws the Union is unbroken and to the extent of my ability 
I shall take care as the Constitution itself expressly enjoins 
upon me that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in 
all the States." 

Prior to this on the 4th of February, a convention of dele- 
gates from the seceded states had met at Montgomery, Ala- 
bama, and on the 8th, adopted a preliminary constitution. 


forming a government to be known " as the Confederate 
States of America." A permanent constitution was adopted 
March 17th, but the convention elected Jefferson Davis, 
President, and Alexander H. Stephens, Vice-President, Feb- 
ruary 9th. Mr. Stephens was sworn in February loth, 
and Jefferson Davis February i8th, and a few days later the 
cabinet was appointed. 

It thus appears that when President Lincoln entered upon 
the duties of his office he stood face to face with a new and 
hostile government already formed on southern soil— that to 
all intents and purposes a state of war had existed since 
the seizure of the arsenal and other buildings at Charleston, 
December 17th to 20th. Events were not to be delayed 
at the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln. Within a week Com- 
missioners from the confederate government came to Wash- 
ington bearing propositions for negotiation. Mr. Seward, 
Secretary of State, replied on the 15th that he could not in 
any way admit that " the so-called Confederate States con- 
stitute a foreign power with whom diplomatic relations 
ought to be established ; " and both he and the President 
declined all official intercourse with the Commissioners. 

At a meeting of the Cabinet March 21, it was decided that 
a fleet should be sent to re-enforce Fort Sumter. A hastily 
equipped squadron sailed from New York and other North- 
ern ports April 6th and 7th. This fact was known to the 
Confederate authorities. General Beauregard in command 
at Charleston received orders from the Confederate Secre- 
tary of War to demand the immediate surrender of Fort 
Sumter. The demand was made upon the nth and refused 
by Major Anderson. 

On the 1 2th, the bombardment commenced. The eyes of 
loyal people were upon the flag that waved above Fort 
Sumter, a symbol of national sovereignty, and their hearts 
were with Major Anderson and his heroic band beleaguered 
within the walls of the old historic fort. The rebels were 
10,000 strong ; they were entrenched in batteries which they 
had been. allowed to build during all the winter; they were 
well armed with guns and ammunition, which traitors in 
the Cabinet and elsewhere had allowed them to steal from 


the arsenals of the government. There was of course but 
one result possible. The Union fleet had failed to enter the 
harbor which it reached on the 12th. Major Anderson was 
obliged to surrender. 

This narrative of events has seemed necessary in order 
to properly understand the reception of the news in Wayne 
county and the action of her citizens in response. We add 
several other dates at this point for completeness of state- 
ment before limiting our work to its local objects. Seven 
states had seceded as shown above and formed the Con- 
federate government. What " the border states " would do 
became a question of great moment to both the parties 
in the struggle then opening. The attack upon Fort Sumter 
was largely prompted by the desire of the Confederate 
Government to force the border states to action. 

Roger A. Pry or, who some years before had ran in terror 
from Potter's bowie knife, said in Charleston the evening 
before the attack on Fort Sumter, " Strike a blow and the 
moment blood is shed, Virginia will make common cause 
with her sisters of the south." It was the same sentiment 
which Mr. Gilchrist uttered when he said, " Sprinkle blood 
in the faces of the people of Alabama, or they will be back 
in the Union in ten days." 

The Virginia Convention voted eighty-nine to forty-five 
not to secede. This was on the 4th day of April. On the 
17th, by treasonable methods at a secret session, the ordi- 
nance was forced through, eighty-eight to fifty-five. Arkan- 
sas seceded May 6th, and Tennessee the same day. North 
Carohna did not secede until May 20th. The South were 
elated with the victory won at Charleston. The Governor 
of that State said : 

"We have humbled the flag, of the United States. We 
have defeated their twenty millions. We have brought 
down in humility the flag that has triumphed for seventy 
years. To-day, on this 13th of April, i86i,it has been hum- 
bled, and humbled before the glorious little State of South 

At Montgomery the Secretary of War, Mr. Walker, said : 

" No man can tell where the war this day commenced will 
end, but I will prophesy that the flag which now flaunts the 


breeze here will float over the dome of the Capitol at Wash- 
ington before the first of May. Let them try Southern 
chivalry and test the extent of Southern resources and it 
may float eventually over Faneuil Hall itself." 

Such was the exultation of the South. It remains to state 
the other side. The surrender of Fort Sumter woke the 
North to action as one man. The news telegraphed to all 
parts of the nation thrilled the loyal masses of the East and 
the West. Men with daily newspapers waving in their hands 
met their neighbors on the streets shouting " They have fired 
OH Fort Sumter!' '-'Fort Sumter has Surrendered." Shame, 
grief and indignation struggled for expression. Business was 
suspended. Men could not continue their avocations. They 
thronged telegraph offices, studied newspaper bulletins, 
gathered in groups at street corners to talk over with flash- 
ing eyes and clenched fists the disgraceful news. 

In the midst of this excitement and simultaneously with 
the news of the surrender came the proclamation of 
Abraham Lincoln. It was like the blast of a trumpet thrill- 
ing a continent from ocean to ocean. It was the war cry of 
an imperiled government. And men read more than its 
careful measured words. They read .between its lines all 
the black story of treason that made the call necessary. They 
read, the trampled flag, the insulting shouts of the traitors 
and as they read they sternly resolved that the Uuion should 
live and that the flag should again wave over the men who 
had defied the sacred symbol of a nation's sovereignty. 

The Proclamation. 

" Whereas, The laws of the United States have been for 
some time past and are now opposed, and the execution 
thereof obstructed, in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, 
Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, by com- 
binations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary 
course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in 
the marshals by law. Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, 
President of the United States, in virtue of the power in me 
vested by the Constitution and the laws, have thought fit to 


call forth and hereby do call forth the militia of the several 
States of the Union to the aggregate number of 75,000, in 
order to suppress said combinations and to cause the laws 
to be duly executed. The details for this object will be im- 
mediately communicated to the State authorities through 
the War department. 

" I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate and aid 
this attempt to maintain the honor, the integrity and the 
existence of our National Union and the perpetuity of popu- 
lar government, and to redress wrongs already long enough 
endured. I deem it proper to say that the first service 
assigned to the forces called forth, will probably be to 
repossess the forts, places and property which have been 
seized from the Union ; and in every event the utmost care 
Avill be observed consistently with the objects aforesaid, to 
avoid any devastation, any destruction of, or interference 
with property, or any disturbance of peaceful citizens in any 
part of the country. 

" And I hereby command the persons composing the 
combinations aforesaid to disperse and retire peaceably to 
their respective abodes within twenty days from this date. 

" Deeming that the present condition of public affairs pre- 
sents an extraordinary occasion, I do hereby, in virtue of 
the power in me vested by the Constitution, convene both 
houses of Congress. Senators and Representatives are, 
therefore, summoned to assemble at their respective cham- 
bers at twelve o'clock, noon, on Monday, the fourth day of 
July next, then and there to consider and determine such 
measures as in their wisdom the public interest and safety 
may seem to demand." 

Such was the call to arms that thrilled the people of 
Wayne and ended the long years of peace. True, it was 
not a call to defend their own lake frontier as in the days of 
their fathers, a half century before. They had no occasion 


to expect a hostile fleet in Sodus Bay. There was no danger 
that hostile armies would march over their own fields, or 
that their own villages and houses would be burned by an 
invading foe. 

But though evidently secure in person and in property 
from actual attack, the danger to the country stirred alL 
hearts to their profoundest depths. It was easily seen that 
if rebellion was allowed to triumph, there was no guaranty 
of peace even to the remote counties of the North. One 
successful revolt against the flag might unsettle everything 
upon this continent for a thousand generations. 

The title to every man's home is valid only because a 
stable government can protect it. Destroy the government 
and the title is gone. No commercial paper is good for 
anything except as there is a government able to enforce its 
collection. Destroy the government and all contracts are 
void. Destroy the government and business must return to 
the barter of barbarism. 

The bombardment of Fort Sumter having begun on the 
morning of the 12th (Friday); the surrender being agreed 
to on the afternoon of the 13th ; the evacuation of the fort 
being made on the 14th ; the proclamation was issued on the 
15th. The current of news reaching Wayne County was 
somewhat interrupted by the occurrmg of Sunday, so that 
to a large part of our citizens the startling events first 
became known on Monday. The demand, the attack, the 
surrender, and the proclamation reached most of the towns 
together, or at least in quick succession. 

That Monday will never be forgotten by many who eyen 
yet recall where they were standing when the news reached 

In Lyons, the proclamation being telegraphed during the 
night or in the early morning, was on a bulletin board before 
the office of the Lyons Republican, when citizens came down 
to their business ; and this was also the case with the other 
large towns having quick telegraph communication. Before 
sunset the proclamation was known in all parts of the county. 

The response was prompt and patriotic here as elsewhere. 
It would not be true to say that there were no discordant 


voices, but they were so few and unimportant as to be lost 
in the general uprising tide of patriotic emotion. From 
this standpoint of time, " twenty years away," we seem to 
recall only the grand outburst of indignation which marked 
the reception of the intelligence. The flag, with its colors 
of red, white and blue, became at once a sacred symbol of 
a people's love. It flashed out from the quickly erected staff 
on the grounds of the wealthy, and from the gatepOst of 
the poor. It waved over places of business. Its folds were 
Hung out from the domes of public buildings, froni court 
houses, from academies, and from churches. The flag was 
the fashionable thing in jewelry ; its colors were called for 
in dress goods ; and wall paper for dwellings was soon 
stamped with the same national symbol. 

The newspapers then published in the county reflected the 
popular sentiment, and uttered it with no uncertain sound. 

From the Wayne Democratic Press of April 17, 1 861. 


" Our paper to-day contains the telegraphic account of the 
attack upon Fort Sumter by the Southern Rebels, and of 
its unconditional surrender. The American Union is dis- 
solved — broken in twain by internal dissensions. Although 
but little if any blood has been spilled, a war has been in- 
augurated between the North and the South, which may 
last a score of years. We now stand as two nations — a 
North, embracing all the North, and a South embracing, we 
fear, all the South. The estrangement has been consum- 
mated by those who supposed that the way to deal with a 
sovereign people who asked only a redress of their wrongs, 
was by force instead of concession. 

" Thousands of the people of the North have been misled 
and bfetrayed by those in whom they put their trust, and 
thousands more are gloating over the consummation of their 
cherished plan of severing the Union and forming from the 
ruins two Confederacies — one slave, the other free. 

" But the war is already begun, and it is the duty of our 
people to rally in support of the Government." 

From the Clyde Times of April 17, 1861. 

" The war news which reached here on Saturday last, and 
which was published in our second edition of that day, ex- 
cited our community to a high pitch ; and still more. was the 
anxiety for news increased when it considered that Sunday 


would intervene before they could obtain further details. 
Monday morning, however, brought the anxiously looked 
for news ; and when the surrender of Fort Sumter was an- 
nounced, every countenance darkened as though the black 
cloud of despair had settled upon their minds. Soon the 
people began to rally ; vengeance took a lodging in almost 
every breast, and oaths long and loud against the Southern 
Rebels were freely uttered. 

" ' Those now swore who never swore before. 
And those who often swore now swore the more.' 

" Every hand in our office was immediately put into re- 
quisition, and by eleven o'clock extras containing the par- 
ticulars of the fray were being scattered over the country as 
fast as a double team could carry them, and before night 
every house within a circuit of twenty miles was appraised 
of the news that civil war had commenced. 

" In the spreading of the news our assistant was enabled 
to see the manner in which it was received ; and he reports 
that every heart seemed to beat with enthusiasm when the 
President's Proclamation was read, and all declared their 
intention to stand by the Administration ai>d the glorious 
Hag of freedom as long as the stripes held together or a star 
was visible on its azure field. Set down the yeomanry of 
Eastern Wayne as supporters of the Union, despite political 

From the Lyons Republican of April 19, 1 86 1. 

" The dreadful realities of civil war stare us in the 
face. It is our fortune to-day to record the first act of open 
aggression of the Southern traitors upon the government of 
the United States. The first blow has been struck by the 
rebels. There is neither excuse nor palliation for their con- 
duct. It is wanton and malicious, and evidences a spirit on 
the part of those who directed it which must be subdued 
though it costs thousands of lives and millions of dollars to 
accomplish that object. The present is a momentous crisis 
in the affairs of the Republic. It is the turning point of our 
history. If in the struggle which has commenced treason is 
to triumph over the rights which are ours under the Constitu- 
tion and the Union, we may bid farewell to the peace and 
prosperity which were purchased by the blood of our fathers 
and irretrievable ruin will ensue. This is no time for hesi- 
tation. Those wno love the Union and who desire its per- 
petuation must look the danger squarely in the face and pre- 
pare to meet it. Those who love our common country, and 
who would see the Republic survive the perils that menace 


it, must aid by every means in their power, by their voices, 
by their money, by their lives, if necessary, in sustaining^ the 
majesty of the laws. The traitors have resorted to force 
and they must be met by arepellingpower sufficient to crush 

" None but traitors will sympathize with treason — and to 
look calmly or indifferently upon this struggle is to act the 
part of a traitor. The true man will take nis stand by the 
Government and live or die, sink or swim, survive or perish, 
unite his fortunes with those of the Constitution and the 

" It is no time to talk of party allegiance. No matter what 
may have been our former differences. No matter which of 
us may have been most in fault. We are now to determine 
a question with which party has nothing to do. Every party 
feeling should be buried in the soundness of the cause. The 
welfare of the country first — party afterwards !" 

From the Clyde Times, April 20, 1861. 


" The great excitement incident upon the news of Ander- 
son's surrender daily increases. Martial enthusiasm and 
Union sentiment continiJed in the ascendant, and "the war" 
is the only topic of the day. Probably never was a call for 
troops so eagerly responded to, and certainly never were so 
many anxious and striving to obtain acceptance of their 
services in this hour of the country's danger. 

" So very promptly has the response been made in this State 
that New York city alone will be ready to furnish the whole 
quota demanded of the State. 

" Recruiting offices are opened all over the country, and, 
companies and regiments are fast filling to the war comple- 
ment, giving emphatic evidence of the patriotism prevalent 
in the country. 

" We have devoted considerable space to paragraphs 
denoting the feeling in different sections of the country ; 
and likewise under its special head will be found the feeling 
at the South. 

" In our own village and vicinity, the patriotic feeling lis 
everywhere apparent, and the determination to stand by the 
Union is unanimous." 

From the Palmyra Courier of April 19, 1 861. 


" The intelligence of the surrender of Fort Sumter will 
produce a mingled sensation of surprise, indignation, and 


mortification among all loyal citizens ; but, at the same time, 
it will impress all to whom the honor of their country is 
dear, with the imperative necessity of sustaining the Federal 
Government in its effort to repel the fierce and aggressive 
assaults of the Revolutionists, and to vindicate authority. 

" It is now fearfully apparent that too much leniency has 
been shown to the conspirators, and that pity for their weak- 
ness and an intense feeling of aversion to a resort to arms, 
have been carried to a point which has endangered the best 
interests of the nation. Months have passed by, during 
which the traitors have been doing everything in their 
power to prepare for vigorous and determined war, while 
we have exhausted all our energies in vain efforts to pre- 
serve peace. Since a contest has become inevitable, it is 
time that the whole American people should be thoroughly 
aroused to the necessity of complete preparation for it, and 
though the first battle has been won by our antagonists, it 
has not been fought in vain. It has exhibited in vivid colors 
their unscrupulousness, their vindictiveness, their inhuman- 
it}', their audacity, their utter disregard for all memories 
and associations, which should be dear to every citizen of 
our country, and taught us in a manner which none can 
misunderstand, that we must prepare at once to deal with 
them as envenomed and implacable enemies. 

" Sad as this necessity may be, and dilatory as we have 
been in appreciating it, it is now a stern reality which 
it would be egregious folly and weakness to ignore. 
Though slow to anger, and exceedingly anxious to concili- 
ate, we cannot longer idly await the assaults of those who 
are resolutely bent upon the total destruction of our govern- 
ment, and who do not scruple to inflict upon us every injury 
in their power. 

" It will be seen that the President has issued a proclama- 
tion which will show the whole land at a glance how the case 
now stands. The very forbearance which has so long pre- 
vented a resort to the resolute measures that are now mani- 
festly unavoidable will only increase the unanimity of feeling 
in favor of sustaining them. 

"Accustomed and attached as we are to peace, since war 
has become inevitable the enthusiastic thousands who will 
array themselves upon the side of their country have the 
proud satisfaction of knowing, that since the world began, 
no nobler cause was defended by an army than that which 
aims at the preservation of our Confederacy and the chas- 
tisement of those who are endeavoring to destroy it and who 
have added every imaginable insult to the deadly injuries 
they have inflicted upon the peace, prosperity and fair fame 
of our nation. 


" Henceforth each man high and low must take his position 
as a patriot or a traitor, as a foe or a friend of his country, 
as a supporter of the flag of the stars and stripes or of the 
rebel banner. All doubts and hesitations must be thrown to 
the winds and with the history of the»past spread before us, 
we must choose between maintaining the noble fabric that 
was reared by our wise and brave ancestors under which 
we have enjoyed so much liberty and happiness, and openly 
joining the rash, reckless, despotic, cruel and villainous 
band of conspirators who have formed a deep-laid and des- 
perate plot for its destruction. 

" The contest which is impending will doubtless be 
attended with many horrors, but all the facts show that it 
has been forced upon us as a last resort and war is not the 
worst of evils. 

" Since the startling events of the last five months have 
been succeeded by a brutal bombardment of a fort erected 
at vast expense for the defense of Charleston harbor which 
would have been peaceably evacuated if the rebels had not 
insisted upon the utter humiliation of the government, and 
since the Secretary, of War of the Southern Confederacy 
has threatened to capture Washington and even to invade 
the Northern States, while a formal declaration of hostili- 
ties is about to be made by the Confederate Congress, we 
should be wanting in every element of manhood, be perpetu- 
ally disgraced in the eyes of the world and lose all self- 
respect if we did not arouse to determined action to reas- 
sert the outraged dignity of the Nation." 

The Columbian, a few numbers of which were published at 
Sodus, by Leighton & Woodworth, in the spring of 1861, 
had the following editorial in its second issue : 


" For the first time in our national history is the existence 
of the government seriously in danger. In truth this may 
be called the dark day of our free institutions. Every one 
is asking what is to be the end of this southern rebellion. To 
our peace loving citizens this formidable conspiracy wears 
an appalling aspect. War is ever a terrible calamity, and a 
fratricidal one like ours is full of horrors. 

" But there are evils worse than war, and they are march- 
ing swiftly onward, and^ unless speedily arrested, will destroy 
our nationality, and with it our cherished institutions. Ours 
is a mighty nation, a glorious republic, and from this dark 
hour of her peril she will yet emerge stronger and purer 
and more glorious. The largest liberty of conscience, of 


speech and of action has been so long guaranteed by our 
government and enjoyed by a hardy race of freeman, that 
any real or threatened infringement of those priviliges 
is regarded as a sacrilege so enormous, a tyranny so oppres- 
sive that every tru^man will sacrifice fortune and life if 
necessary to redress the wrong. For this reason the treach- 
ery of our great officials, the attack by the cowardly trai- 
tors of South Carolina upon a noble band of patriots at Sum- 
ter, rung from the heart of every lover of his country such a 
cry for vengeance as shook the North from the Granite Hills 
of New England to the shores of the far Pacific. And the 
boast of the traitors that they would possess themselves of 
the federal capital and dictate to a nation of freemen what 
they shall do and say and think, rekindled the old fires of 
patriotism and fanned them into a mighty flame. To-day 
the world is witnessing in the North one of the sublimest 
scenes ever enacted upon earth ; hundreds of thousands of 
peace loving citizens, rushing almost unbidden to arms in 
defence of their government. 

"The watch fires of liberty are burning brightly from 
every hill-top, a beacon-light to our triumphant armies. 
Our noble sons and brothers who have gone to the scene of 
conflict will do valiant service and shed new lustre upon 
their ancestrial names. Woe to the traitors who shall meet 
these mighty champions of our nation's liberty." 

Philo Leighton, of the above paper, signalized his own 
devotion to these eloquent truths by three months later 
entering the service, in which he lost his life. 


The pulpit responded to the call in words solemn with the 
sanctions of Holy writ and stirring as those uttered by the 
warrior poet of old who wrote " Blessed be the Lord, my 
strength which teacheth my hands to war and my fingers to 

At that time the Presbyterian ministers preaching in the 
county were: T. R. H. Shumway, Newark; R. E. Willson, 
Clyde; Wm. N. McHarg, Lyons; Wm. Young, Rose; L. M. 
Shepherd, Huron ; D. Chichester, Wolcott ; H. Eaton, Pal- 
myra ; A. H. Lilly, East Palmyra ; Chester Holcomb, Joy ; 
Armon Spencer, Williamson ; Abram Blakely, Sodus ; L. 
Manly, Ontario ; J. C. Smith, Red Creek. 

It is believed that all or nearly all of them ailluded to the 
subject, Sunday, April 21st, urging in strong terms the 


duty of sustaining the government against the attack of 
the rebels. 

Extracts are given below from several of their discourses. 
The Rev. Chester Holcomb afterwards had four sons in the 
army, and Rev. Abram Blakely two ; the latter both lost 
their lives. Mr. Blakely in writing back from Kansas to 
some one who addressed him a letter of sympathy, replied 
in words of high Christian patriotism. Of his utterances in 
Sodus and Wolcott which had been thought decidedly strong 
and had been somewhat criticized, he said : 

" Wtt/i both fny sons in their graves I have no word to recall ; 
I take back nothing." 

The Methodist ministers were : Andrew Sutherland, New- 
ark; Daniel D. Buck, Lyons; John N. Brown, Clyde; R. 
Harrington, Fairville ; George H. Dubois, Sodus ; Joseph 
Ash worth, South Sodus ; K. P. Jervis, Palmyra ; Porter 
McKinstry, Walworth ; Henry T. Giles, Macedon ; William 
Potter, Pultneyville ; Wesley Cochrane, East Palmyra; B. 
Allen, Red Creek; L. B.Wells, Rose; G. H. Salisbury, 
Wolcott; Charles Baldwin, Butler ; S. E. Brown, Savannah. 
The Methodist habit of extemporizing is not favorable to the 
preservation of discourses in print or in manuscript. 

Several paragraphs are, however, given below. Three of the 
ministers entered the service: D. D. Buck. became chaplain 
of the 27th Infantry ; John N. Brown, chaplain of the 11 ith ; 
and William Potter sought service in the ranks, and became 
Captain of Co. A, i6oth Infantry. The utterances of others 
were strongly patriotic and many of them were favorite 
speakers at the war meetings that nightly met in all parts of 
the county. 

The Baptist ministers then laboring in the county were the 
following: Arcadia, J. B. Vrooman ; Butler and Savamiah, 
R. S. Dean; Clyde, M. Hayden; Lyons, William Putnam; 
Macedon, L. Hall ; Marion, T. J. Williams ; Ontario, G. A. 
Simonson ; Palmyra, W. Mudge ; Red Creek, A. P. Draper ; 
Rose, J. Halliday; i Sodus, William H. Stegar; i Wal- 
worth, E. F. Maine ; 2 Walworth, L. C. Bates ; Williamson, 
William McCarthy; Wolcott, P. Irving; Ontario, Truman 



The Baptist Association that spring met at the old Brick 
Church in Sodus, on Tuesday, April 28th, comprising nearly- 
all the pastors in Wayne County. A report of the meeting 
says : 

" One main feature of the meeting last Tuesday was the 
full, outspoken, earnest spirit of patriotism which found 
utterance in all the proceedings of the meeting. Our coun- 
try and our government at this fearful crisis were on every 
tongue ; and in prayers, sermons and addresses the theme 
was dwelt upon in a most characteristic and decided man- 
ner. The mind and heart of every minister especially was 
full to overflowing with the most ardent loyalty, and the 
unanimous cry was : 

" ' Sustain the Government. Stand for Liberty. Down 
with the Rebellion.' 

" The spirit of our denominational fathers like Roger 
Williams and many others who suffered and fought for free- 
dom in the first struggles of our country is by no means ex- 
tinct in the Baptist ministers of the present day. They are 
all ready for their duty whatever it may be." 

Rev. William Putnam became especially active, as will 
appear in subsequent chapters; and Truman Gregory also 
entered the service. 

The Episcopal clergy then officiating in the county were 
as follows: At St. Johns's Church, Clyde, the Rev. A. E. 
Bishop; at Grace Church, Lyons, Rev. Sidney Wilbur; at 
St. Marks, Newark, Rev. Jno. H. Rowling; at Zions, Pal- 
myra, Rev. George C. Gillespie ; at St. John's, Sodus, Rev. 
J. E. Battin. 

Extracts from several discourses of the Episcopal clergy 
appear below. Rev. Mr. Batten of Sodus shared on several 
occasions with the other pastors of Sodus in public servi- 
ces, the most noted being the imposing funeral ceremonies 
of Lieutenants Granger and Proseus, when the sermon was 
preached by Rev. James Ireland. 

Ministers of other churches were also prompt and posi- 
tive in their statements of duty and their vigorous appeals 
for heroic sacrifices to save the Union. Rev. Mr. Short, of the 
Congregational Church, Marion ; Rev. Amasa Stanton, of 
the Christian Church, Marion ; Rev. Mr. Burghdorf, of the 
Christian Church, Newark; Rev. Abram Pryne of the 
Union Congregation, Williamson ; Rev. Mr. Linebacker, of 


the Free Will Baptist Church, Walworth ; Rev. Mr. Cooke, 
of the Protestant Methodist Church, Wolcott ; Rev. Mr. 
Randolph of the Universalist Church, Newark ; the Pastor 
of the Disciple Church, South Butler, and others — Catholic 
as well as Protestant — are all remembered for their earnest 
words of encouragement. Mr. Cooke had two sons in the 
service. One who suffered the horrors of Andersonville 
and barely escaped with his lite, (the late School Commis- 
sioner, Sidney G. Cooke), and the other. Dr. Edward H. 
Cooke, now a practicing physician settled at Rose. 

The unfortunate difficulty that arose in Lyons over the 
action of Rev. Sidney Wilbur, upon which it is unneces- 
sary to enlarge, forms it is believed the only exception to 
the unbroken record of all the ministers of all denomina- 
tions in favor of a prompt resort to arras for the defense of 
the government ; and in patriotic love and loyalty to the flag 
that had guaranteed religious liberty upon this continent. 

We give the following extracts from such discourses as 
we have been able to find. They must be considered as 
samples rather than anything like a complete presentation: 

Rev. W. Mudge, of Palmyra, April 21st, 1861, said: 

" The dreadful uncertainty of the future is the painful 
anxiety of the present ; and nothing is more painful than 
suspense. The interest felt is the gauge by which the pain 
is meted out for its uncertain pending. And what can be 
more important and interesting this side of Heaven and the 
Cross than ones own country. Few, indeed, are the words 
that hang with greater pride upon the lips of utterance than 
these, ' My country ! !' It mcludes our friends and relatives; 
our liberties, property, rights and holy religion ; in short, it 
includes our earthly all. And when such an interest is 
threatened, when- a foe dare enter such precincts, patriotism 
in spite of rule will well up in every true heart. 

" The sacred desk in its elevating mission may justly lift 
its voice and fan the flame ; arouse the arm to strike, if 
need be, the foe of our common country. 

**** * * **** 

" The Rebel force of the South may withstand long our 
arms, they may vie well in shell and shot, they may slay 
yet thousands of our sturdy sons and send the wail of 
mourning into a thousand pleasant homes ; but in defense of 
blood-bought institutions with a spirit of recognition of the 
Giver and fervent prayer to Him for our Country's perpe- 


tuity, and for His own glory, success will yet stamp its broad 
seal upon the flag of our noble country — long to wave 
proudly before the breezes of a propitious Heaven ; and each 
stripe and star in the wane of yet unreached centuries shall 
glow brighter in the sure etherial atmosphere of universal 

" May God speed the day. May God save our nation." 
Extracts from a sermon preached by Rev. Horace Eaton 
to volunteers at Palmyra, N. Y., June ist, 1861 : 

"Romans 11:22. — 'Behold, therefore, the goodness and severity of God.' 
" In giving a correct view of a landscape, the two pictures 
of a stereoscope must be blended, not separated. The true 
character of God is seen in the union of mercy and justice. 
A God all mercy is a God unjust. A God all justice is a 
God unmerciful. ' Behold, therefore, the goodness and 
severity of God.' The same elements blend in the true 
man. Mercy is tender of individual welfare, justice is jeal- 
ous of right and the public safety. Some look so exclusively 
at divine goodness as to recoil at divine severity against 
wrong. This effeminate good nature may sprmkle rose 
water upon a bed of flowers in June, but it shrinks away 
before the sleet and blasts of wmter. The times of peril that 
try men's souls, the present moment of our country's fate, 
call for firmer stufE. The vile egg of secession, so long 
hatching, has now broken out into a viper. Sumter has 
fallen. Our flag has gone down and the rebel flag has gone 
up in its place. Union soldiers, hastening at the call of the 
President to the defense of the Capital and the archives of 
the Nation, have found the bridges burnt, telegraphic wires 
cut, they themselves insulted, stoned, butchered in the 
streets of Baltimore. A hundred and thirty thousand trea- 
sonable bayonets bristled at the life of the Republic before a 
single soldier was summoned to defend it. The rebels be- 
gan the war ; they mean war to the knife ; they are terribly 
in earnest. The momentous question of the hour is, what 
can we do to arrest this blow against the supreme authority 
of the land ? The enemy have thrown down the gauntlet. 
All peaceful negotiations have failed. There is no alterna- 
tive. We must accept the arbitrament of arms. ' To arms, 
to arms,' is their cry. 

" But he is twice armed who has his quarrel just. We 
fight to save a government wrought out by successive gen- 
erations of martyrs, baptised in the blood of Revolutionary 
heroes. We fight for the fame of Washington, Bunker Hill, 
Mt. Vernon. We fight for the star-spangled banner that 
fans the spirit of freedon, wherever unfurled. We fight not 
for revenge norconquest, but to sustain the best government 


in the world. We need harbor no hatred against those 
wicked men that would break up this Union. Washington 
dropped tears as he signed the death warrant of the guilty, 
thus illustrating the doctrine of the text, ' Behold, therefore, 
the goodness and severity of God.' We have a single object. 
We would save the country. We cannot draw a Hne of 
separation between the Lalces and the Gulf. We cannot 
divide the Mississippi. We cannot divide the living child. 
The Nation's life is worth more than any individual life, and 
did not age forbid I would be with you on the tented field 
and in the deadly strife." 

From the Clyde Times, April 2^, 1861. 

On Sunday, the officiating ministers in most of the churches 
of Clyde, made patriotic reference to the present state of 
national affairs. 

In the morning, Mr. Brown, at the Methodist church, 
infused into his prayer considerable well-timed patriotism 
and prayed to the God of Battles for success to the Admin- 
istration cause. 

Rev. Mr. Bishop, at the Episcopal church, gave a very im- 
pressive sermon from the text "This know also, that in the 
last days perilous times shall come." He said : 

" Civil war has broken upon us. The cloud that but lifted 
its head above the horizon has now reached the zenith and 
the heavens are being rapidly shut out by portentous war- 
clouds. A Nation is distracted by internal dissensions. The 
maddening influences of war are now being nourished by 
dainty morsels. The black arcana of lies and deception 
has been opened to arouse the masses. Men, like mere 
machines, have easily submitted to the dictates of the ambi- 
tious. Fanaticism with its hydra head has been freely pois- 
oning the moral atmosphere of all sections of the country and 
the Great Being who sits on high will punish the whole 
Nation for its sins. Let us not look abroad at the shortcom- 
ings of others, but at our own. Let us pluck the beam out 
of our own eye and then shall we see clearly the faults of 
our brothers. 

" What is our duty as Christians in the present difficulty ? 
I can see no other way warranted by the teaching of Holy 
Writ than to maintain and honor the powers that be as 
ordained of God, and we have no wrongs to redress. 
However much we may sympathize with others, the Apostle 
informs us distinctly and clearly that we are to honor the civil 


authority. Civil governments are manifestly in accordance 
with Divine Will, and he who turns his hand to defeat their 
enactment in a lawful manner does wrong, more particularly 
if he take force for that purpose and cause blood to be shed, 
then he is certainly guilty of a very great crime." 

Rev. Mr. Wilson of the Presbyterian Church said : 

" But when a government is a good one ; one that ought 
to stand ; as good perhaps as the people may be qualified to 
appreciate and sustain ; then the sword may be legitimately, 
righteously, and I may say mercifully employed to sustain 
it against all assailants. God appoints such a government 
to protect the lives and secure the welfare of the people. 
Whoever makes a hostile assault upon it strikes a blow at 
the lives and happiness of multitudes ; he commits one of 
the greatest crimes and the penalty which human govern- 
ments inflict for that crime has a Divine sanction. 

" It is a crime that seems more especially to forbid all 
thoughts of mercy towards the criminal. Mercy to one 
such criminal may be cruelty to a thousand loyal citizens; 
and destruction upon a few traitors may be mercy to a 
whole nation. By striking at the life of the government 
one becomes a murderer as it were by wholesale. 

" The life of a government may be worth more than the 
lives of ten thousand individuals, and they who abet or 
encourage by word or deed the perpetration of such a crime 
participate in its criminality. They forfeit the rights and 
privileges of citizens and justice looks down upon them as 
outlaws. They act as enemies of both God and man. 
* ****** 

" War on the part of those who fight to sustain a civil 
government which answers the purpose of such government, 
is righteous war ; and those who fight against them fight 
against God. 

" For a hearty and manly observance of these principles 
we shall be held responsible by the verdict of the Christian 
world ; in the judgment of posterity and what is incompar- 
ably more at the great day of final reckoning. 

" All that is true and noble and right ; all that citizens and 
government need or ought to do, is consistent with Christi- 
anity ; and Christianity shines with peculiar lustre wheii in 
the hour of peril — ^in times that try men's souls it takes the 
form of patriotism as in the case of the immortal Wash- 

Rev. Mr. McHarg, of Lyons, delivered an able and patri- 
otic discourse Sunday morning, April 28th. 


Text : " So When all Israel saw that the King hearkened not unto them, the 
people answered the King saying : what portion have we in David ? neither 
have we inheritance in the sons of Jesse. To your tents, O Israel — now see 
to thine own house David. So Israel departed to their tents.'' 

Drawing the inference that the secessionists of the South 
would suffer the same destruction as their brethren of older 
time, he was firm in expressing his devotion to the Union 
and in standing for the right. He did not believe in the 
new doctrine that slaver)' was a divine institution. He 
believed treason and armed rebellion should be put down 
with firmness ; that treason at home should be dealt with. 

Rev. D. D. Buck, of Lyons, made distinct and forcible 
utterances to the perilous crises and to the duty of the 
whole people to arouse for the defense of the government. 
The following passages are, however, from a discourse of 
much note delivered Sunday evening some months later on 
the steps of the Court House in Lyons. It was at a memo- 
rial service in honor of one or more dead soldiers of Com- 
pany B, Twenty-seventh Infantry. The discourse was 
repeated at various points and afterwards published and cir- 
culated extensively. Dr. Buck's theme was : 

" The civil ruler as God's minister ; or the duty of the 
government to suppress and punish treason and the duty of 
the people to assist in doing so." 

We can only give a lew of his propositions drawn out in 
a logical form : 

I St. Civil government is God's established method of ad- 
ministering justice among men. 

2nd. Duly appointed rulers are God's selected ministers 
to attend continually upon this very thing. 

3rd. An important part of theii" official duty as God's 
ministers, is to be revengers, to execute wrath upon him that 
doeth evil. 

4th. Providence puts a sword in the ruler's hand for that 
very purpose. 

5th. There are these two characters in the Common- 
wealth : he that doeth good and he that doeth evil. 

6th. The government should be so adapted and adminis- 
tered as to meet the proprieties of these two cases : a terror 
to evil doers ; a praise to them that do well. 

7th. The principal methods of government are these two: 
the law for those who submit to the law ; the sword for them 
that resist the law. 


8th. As it is the province and duty of the ruler to govern 
with the law^ whenever that is sufficient, so it is his province 
and duty to make use of the sword whenever the sword 
becomes necessary. 

9th. Whosoever resisteth the power thus providentially 
appointed, resisteth the ordinance of God, and they that 
resist incur the sentence of damnation. 

His next series of propositions applies these principles : 

1st. We had a government providentially called into exist- 
ence and established on as wise and as good a basis as any 
government in the world. 

2nd. It was without parallel in the successful accom- 
plishment of all the legitimate purposes of civil government. 

3rd. It was emphatically a government for the good of 
the people. 

4th. No people were ever less burdened, no people ever 
more benefited by the usual operation of the government. 

5th. Our i-ulers at the beginning of this war by the rebels, 
were duly elected and were as niuch entitled to their seats 
as George Washington himself was. 

6th. Least of all had the South any just ground of com- 
plaint ; they had always shared an undue proportion of all 
the offices, the emoluments and the honors of all depart- 
ments of the government. 

On the point, whether the Government acted hastily, 
he said : 

" We waited until all hope or possibility of compromise 
was gone, completely gone. * * 

" We waited until disloyalty and treason were bold and 
confident, determined and insolent. * * 

" We waited until perjured traitors, honored by our offices 
and enriched by our treasures, swarmed through every part 
of the Government. * * 

" We waited until all the South echoed to the tramp 
of hostile forces; until every city was a camp for treas- 
onable military instruction ; until all the manufactories 
of wood, and iron and leather, were busy day and night, 
with preparations for insurrectional war. * * 

"We waited until an unarmed Governmet vess'el, bearing 
the national banner, and carrying rations to a starving gar- 
rison of loyal troops was fired upon and driven back by 
shot and shell. * * 

" It clearly follows from these scripture teachings thus 
logically deduced, that to sustain the Government in the 
war to put down and punish treason, and thereby save itself 
from destruction, is helping to do a solemn religious duty. 


To jeopardize, to sacrifice, to suffer and to die in the service 
of God's civil minister, vv^hen he is doing his proper official 
work, is suffering, and doing,, and dying in the service of 


Before the surrender was announced, or the call to arms 
had been written, demonstrations of love for the grand old 
national emblem, the stars and stripes, began to be mani- 
fested, and when the crisis came, that love was made evident 
in every village and hamlet in the county. 

From the Democratic Press of April 2a,th. 

" On Saturday evening last, a National flag was placed upon 
the dome of the Court House, amid the cheering of a large 
crowd which had assembled to witness it. On Monday 
morning, mine host, Payne, of the Exchange Hotel, unfurled 
to the breeze, our National emblem. At the railroad depot, 
from an elevated staff, is another, placed there by Gray 
Foster, the baggage-man. 

Smelt, of the Lyons Hotel, raised the stars and stripes 
from his hotel on Monday. Among all classes, of whatever 
political sentiment, the love of our good old National flag is 
all-pervading. ' Long may it wave.' " 

From the Republican of April 26th. 


" Amid the cheers of hundreds of citizens, the stars and 
stripes were placed on the dome of the Court Honse on 
Saturday evening last. For this act of patriotism, our citi- 
zens are under obligations to the individuals who contrib- 
uted their time, their labor, and their money to the object. 
The example was a good one, and has been very generally 

" Every hotel, and nearly every block of buildings, dis- 
plays the National emblem, and the good old flag waves 
gracefully from numerous citizens' dwellings. 

" There is but one sentiment here — ^that is honor and love 
for the star spangled banner. ' Long may it wave.' 

" Later. — We regret to be compelled to add to the above 
paragraph, the intelligence that the high wind of Wednes- 
day, snapped the flag-staff upon the Court House, and 
carried away the flag, but it is consoling to reflect that the 


damage was not occasioned by a south wind. The flag was 
recovered and a new and more substantial staff will very 
soon be founded." 

Perhaps the earliest action looking to actual service, was 
that of the Lyons Light Guard. The proclamation having 
been read in Lyons, on Monday morning the 15th, on the 
evening of that same day, the Company took formal action, as 
shown in the following account from the Lyons Republican : 

" Monday night, April 15, the Lyons Light Guard, one of 
the companies belonging to the Fifty-fourth Regiment, held 
a meeting at the Armory. Captain Welling received from 
all but two or three a hearty expression of willingness to 
accompany the regiment in the event of its being called out. 
Those declining plead ill health or inability to sustain the 
fatigues of an active campaign. The Light Guard imme- 
diately commenced a daily drill for perfection in the manual 
of arms." 

The Guard had been organized early in the year 1858. Its 
officers were then as follows : 

Captain — Joseph \yelling. 

First Lieutenant — Edward E. Taft. 

Second Lieutenant — Nelson R. Mirick. 

First Sergeant — Henry R. White. 

Second Sergeant — Wm. B. Rudd. 

Third Sergeant — Heman M. Lillie. 

Fourth Sergeant — Wells Sprague. 

First Corporal — George Carver. 

Second Corporal — Samuel Brunck. 

Third Corporal — Edward C. French. 

Fourth Corporal— S^ TO.. H. Rogers. 

It has been difficult to prepare a list of the Guard as it 
was enrolled in the springof 1861. The muster roll, if found, 
will be given in the appendix. The names of the following 
members are given upon the recollections of Colonel Welling 
and others : 

Alexander D. Adams, Melvin W. Goodrich, Charles L. 
Lyon, Anson S. Wood, Hiram Layton. S. S. Herrick, A. H. 
Tower, H. H. Tower, David Elphick, Wm. C. Belden, 
Sebastian D. Holmes, Daniel L. Norton, Charles H. Roys, J. 
V. D. Westfall, J. N. Arnold, Henry Graham, Wm. Starks, 
Lucius Kingsley, Hiram Rogers, Clark Bartlett, Jr., W. W. 
Wheeler, Wm. Agett, Jewell, Robert Smith. 


It is said that twenty-nine members of the Lyons Light 
Guard became officers in volunteer regiments during the 

Corporal E. C. French was then living at Alton. When 
the stage came in towards night a note was brought to him 
from Captain Welling, asking his attendance at the Armory 
that evening. Looking across the street he saw the tobacco 
wagon of Mr. Yates, the well-known agent, just driving off 
for Lyons. Securing a ride, Mr. French entered the Armory 
while the roll was being called. 

At Marion a large flag was hung out as "a symbol of 
strength," and protection to its friends, and of dismay and 
death to traitors. A large public meeting was held in the 
Collegiate Institute. 

At Macedon Centre, on Monday the 22d, the students and 
teachers of the Academy came out in a body, seventy-hve 
strong, and gave three cheers for the flag, and three for 
Messrs. Kennedy and Daggett, two enlisted students. 

The issue of the Lyons Repvblican, the 26th of April, has 
numerous notices of the enrollment of volunteers, the forma- 
tion of companies, the choice of officers, etc., etc. 

Hundreds of patriotic incidents occurred in all parts of 
the county which were not recorded in any form whatever. 
We can only quote such as can be found in authentic form. 
In Clyde, Lyons and Palmyra, files of newspapers are pre- 
served from which may be gathered to some extent the 
spirit of the people. In Newark no files of the Courier for 
the war period seem to be preserved. The writer has not 
been able, either by diligent enquiry or public advertisement, 
to find any. If the early work at Newark attending the en- 
rollment of Company I, of the Seventeenth, is only briefly 
given, it must be attributed to that fact. 

Accounts of meetings in Ontario are not found in the files 
of newspapers to which the author has had access ; nor to 
any great extent of several other towns, but the people were 
ablaze with enthusiasm equally with those more fully re- 

Besides these impromptu flag raisings and editorial utter- 
ances there were large meetings of citizens held in all parts 
of the county. 


From the Palmyra Courier, April 19. 

" Thursday evening. April 18, 1861, a large and enthusi- 
astic meeting was held in Williamson's Hall, which was par- 
ticipated in by nearly all our citizens irrespective of party. 
George W. Cuyler Esq., was called to the chair, and in a few 
brief, well-timed remarks, stated the object of the meeting, 
after which stirring addresses were made by Messrs. 
Archer, Peddie, Hutchins, South wick, Aldrich, Holmes, 
McLouth, O'Dwyer and others. But one sentiment pre- 
vailed — that the Union and the Constitution must be preserved 
at all hazards — that treason tnust at any cost be suppressed 
wherever its head was reared ! 

" It was a demonstration of which the people of Palmyra 
have reason to be proud. It showed that here as well as 
elsewhere a spirit of devotion to the stars and stripes, and to 
the Union of which the glorous old flag is an emblem.'exists, 
strong enough to override all party prejudice. 

" The State had acted promptly. On Monda}', the very 
day of the proclamation, the Legislature passed an act 
authorizing the Governor to accept the services of 30,000 
volunteers, and appropriating $3,000,000 of money for their 
equipment. At the nieeting above mentioned George W. 
Cuyler, in taking the chair, said : 

" ' I return you my thanks for the honor conferred in calling 
me to preside over so large an assemblage of my fellow citi- 
zens representing all parties coming together for a common 
object. We have come together for a no less momentous 
reason than that our country is in danger. War is upon us. 
The Government is invaded. The stars and stripes are 
assaulted. The question we are to answer is, shall the Gov- 
ernment be sustained ? Let all party differences be buried 
and let us stand as one man to sustain the Government which 
has sustained us. I am struck with the closing invocation of 
the notice, ' God save the Union.' To the supreme disposer 
of events, national as well as individual, must we look for 
succor and aid in this hour of our country's emergency.' 

" Hon. Martin Butterfield, John A. Holmes, J. D. Rogers, 
A. G. Myrick, S. B. Jordan, Wm. H. Southwick, Wm. F. 
Aldrich, "C. J. Ferris, C. P. Nottingham, Pomeroy Tucker, 
D. S. Aldrich, General D. Chase, were named as Vice-Presi- 
dents ; Charles McLouth, C. C. Finley, James G. O'Dwyer, 

" Pomeroy Tucker, as chairman of a committee, presented 
the following resolutions, drawn in his old time vigorous 
style : 


" Resolved, That we are sworn to support the Constitution 
and to stand by the Union. 

" Resolved, That as American citizens we ignore all divid- 
ing political questions in connection with the defense of our 
country's flag when imperilled by assault whether from for- 
eign aggression or domestic rebellion. 

"Resolved, That the Government must be maintained; 
that it shall have our hearts and hands for that object ; and 
that we claim the right to look to the administration for the 
preservation of its integrity. 

"Resolved, That we would express our approval of the 
rigorous measures inaugurated by the States and National 
Government, for the enforcement of the laws against the 
menaces of treason and civil war. 

" Speeches were made by Ornon Archer, James Peddie, 
C. M. Hutchins, William H. Southwick, Charles McLouth, 
Pomeroy Tucker, and James G. O'Dwyer. 

" The latter said in substance: 

" ' ] had a country once — I left it for a better. I found a 
better. Under the stars and stripes I have lived for nine 
years. I have done well here. 1 love this country. It is 
the freest and best on earth. And now in this hour of our 
country's calamity, I offer all that I am, all that I have, for 
the national defense. 

" ' Let every man stand up to trample on treason. Let 
every heel be placed on the neck of a traitor. The stars 
and stripes forever.' " 


Tuesday evening, April 23d, an immense meeting was 
held in Marion, filling the spacious hall of the Academy to 
overflowing. The staunch patriotic town was alive with 

Captain Baker was made chairman. Mr. Archer, from 
Palmyra ; Lieutenant J. J. White, from Captain Coming's 
Company ; Revs. Messrs. Williams, Short, and Stanton, of 
Maribn ; Mudge, of Palmyra, all spoke; their remarks being 
received with ringing cheers. Mr. Clark, of Marion, also 
spoke effectively. 

Captain Lakey, amid deafening applause, took the stand, 
and in his Quaker-like style, expressed his patriotism, by 
stating that he was willing to either fish or cut bait, but as 
all could not fish nor fight, he proposed to give two dollars 
apiece to each of fifty volunteers. 


Twelve volunteers signed a muster-roll on the spot, and a 
subscription was made for support of the families of volun- 


Tuesday, April 23d, a large meeting of the citizens of 
Lyons, was held at the Court House, to take into consider- 
ation measures proper to be adopted in this crisis. 

General William H. Adams was called to preside, and 
opened the meeting with a stirring address that evoked a 
tumult of hearty applause. 

The Vice-Presidents were: H. Graham, Jr., Caleb Rice, 
H. G. Diclcerson, James Rogers, Judge Sisson, Newell Taft, 
D. R. Rozell, Lyman Sherwood, M. Brownson, Cullen Fos- 
ter, D. W. Parshall, J. Welling, W H. Swan, S. B. Gavitt, 
S. W. Bottum, J. Knowles, Jr., William Clark, A. B. Will- 
iams, P. R. Westfall, John Hano, W F Ashley, Zebulon 
Moore, S. H. Klinck, W. D. Perrine, A. Remsen, N. R 
Mirick, G. W. Ceramer, Henry Graham, Thompson Har- 
rington, James Bashford, J. M. Pickett. D. H. David, Amos 
Harrington, M. S. Leach. 

Secretaries — Lyman Lyon, W. T. Tinsley, D. L. Norton, 
A. J. Mirick. 

The Committee on Resolutions were : E. P. Taft, C. L. 
Lyon, R. W. Ashley, G. H. Arnold, William VanCamp. 

The meeting was addressed by Hon. William J. Bacon, of 
Utica ; J. D. Husbands, Esq., of Rochester, and J. P. Faurot, 
Esq., of Canandaigua. 

The principal resolution was as follows : 

"Resolved, That for the' sake of the common defense and 
general welfare of our country, and in obedience to the call 
that the Government may rightfully make upon all its loyal 
citizens, we will rally to its support with all the moral and 
material forces at our command ; that although we deplore 
violence, and shrink instinctively from civil war ; yet, if 
come it must, as the measure of our civil duty,. and without 
stopping to discuss the past or forebode the future, we are 
for our country and its legally organized Government, first, 
last and forever." 

At this meeting of April 23d, 1861, a committee was ap- 
pointed to raise funds in aid of the families of volunteers, 
consisting of B. Van Alstine, Ensign Bennett, Saxon B. Gavitt. 


The following subscriptions were received : 

C. Rice & Co., A. Remsen, L. Lyon, A: Snedaker, P. R. 
Westfall, C. Croul, . D. W. Parshall, Wm. Sisson, Newell 
Taft, D. Chapman, Thompson Harrington, Saxon B. Gavitt, 
$100 each; W. D. P. Perrine, L. Sherwood, Wm. Van 
Marter, John Hano, Wm. Clark, R. H. Murdock, $50 each: 
John Butler, Ensign Bennett, John Munn, H. Graham, Jr., 
W. H. Adams, Wm. Smelt, George Ennis, J. T. Mackenzie, G. 
R. Rudd & Son, Daniel Jemison, H. W. Putney, $25 each ; 
e! W. Bottum, W. T. Tinslev, B. Van Alstine, E. C. Cosart 
J. McKeoun, Jesse Smith, Strong & Guild, $20 each ; E. B. 
Price, J. McCall, S. J. Cole, Nelson Peck, O. K. KHnck, S. 
D. Van Wickle, J. B. Pierce, J. Wesley, L. A. Rogers, Luke 
Agett, J. Greene, $10 each ; Isidor Rosenfeld, L. R. Bennett, 
George Carver, George Hartnagle, N. D. Southard, Rohr- 
bacher & Co., R. W. Ashley, A. M. Medberry & Co., A. 
Hays, Job Travis, $5 each ; E. B- Reynolds, W. R. Rooke, 
each $2. 

Subsequently there was added James McElwain, $10; 
John D. Westfall, David Griffith, each $25 ; D. McDonald, 
John Adams, each $20, and various smaller sums, carrying 
the total to the amount of $2,213.50. 

Contributions continued to be received and there were 
subsequently reported Jacob Mitchell, $20 ; Rev. W. N. Mc- 
Harg, $25, making the total $2,258.50. 

Further subscriptions are not reported in the newspapers, 
but it is understood that others were made and considerably 
increased this aggregate. 


At South Butler a meeting was held in the Disciple 
Church, Speeches were made by Messrs. Wood and Arnold, 
of Ly.ons; Wheeler, Parsons and others, of Butler. 


On Wednesday evening, April 24th, an enthusiastic meet- 
ing was held at Perkins* Hall, Clyde. 

J. E. Tremper was called to the chair and J. E. Paine ap- 
pointed Secretary : Isaac Miller, Aaron Griswold and C. D. 
Lawton, Vice-Presidents. 


A United States Flag was brought into the room and 
received with three cheers. Wells' cornet band played 
" Hail Columbia " and other patriotic pieces. 

C. D. Lawton said : " The American spirit was one given 
to swelling and bursting for expansion ; but however it 
might expand, it would never be destroyed. The seceders 
had rebelled against our Government, formed an independ- 
ent one for themselves, raised armies, taken forts, vessels and 
arms, and now are threatening to march upon the Capital. 
Now is the time to do something ; something to save the 
Union, and to do that we must now fight." 

G. W. Cowles said : " To arms, men of Clyde, and stand 
up manly for the defense of your country. There is noth- 
ing discouraging to us in what the rebels have done, nor 
in the success which has attended their nefarious designs. 
Though they have succeeded at first, we shall by and by 
see rolling down the Valley of the Mississippi from the great 
West and the Atlantic shores a vast army of men who will 
wipe out treachery from the face of our country and place 
our Government on a more solid foundation than it has yet 
rested upon. We must succeed, on account of the justice of 
our cause; on account of the vast numbers we can call to 
arms ; on account of the liberal and almost illimitable supplies 
of money. We must succeed, for we place our trust in the 
God of Battles, who never yet deserted a holy cause." 

Mr. Crane said : " It was a time when it was necessary to 
know how suspicious persons stood ; time when it should be 
demanded of them whether they were for or against the 
Union. If he was called forward for that purpose he would 
say emphatically that he was for the Union, the Constitution 
and the enforcement of the laws, and was ready, if need be, 
to stand by and seal the vow with his blood." 

Rev. Mr. Brown said : " I feel more like acting than 
speaking. I am a minister of the gospel, a messenger of 
peace; but now that my country is in peril I lift up my 
voice for war. I have never belonged to any party; my 
party is the people ; my home the country. If 1 had ever 
been unfortunate enough to belong to any party, I would 
now say, perish party, perish platforms, perish everything 
but the Union. Save us that intact, and take all else." 

Mr. Baker said : " I call upon Galen to support the flag. 
This rebellion is not one of sudden growth, but has" been 
nourished for years, and will you now suffer it to be con- 
summated. Shall the South be a foreign nation to us? Shall 
Washington's grave and Jefferson's remains be trampled 
upon by rebels ? We must keep an open road to the Capital, 
and Wayne County must do her whole duty." 


A paper was then brought forward for enrollment of 


A second meeting was held at Palmyra, Thursday evening, 
April 25, 1861. It was a gathering of citizens worthy of the 

Wm. H. Bowman presided, assisted by Wm. H. South- 
wick ; H. S. Flower, Secretary. The following resolution 
was adopted : 

" Resolved, That a committee be appointed by the chair to 
solicit and receive subscriptions and donations to a volunteer 
fund to be disbursed by said committee in pro rata sums as 
maj" be required from time to time for the benefit of families 
of volunteers from the town of Palmyra, who shall be called 
under their enlistment into the service of the country for the 
defense of the constitution and the laws." 

E. M. Anderson, A. P Crandall, H. S. Flower, A. G. My- 
rick, Wm. H. Southwick, C. J. Ferris and G. W. Cuyler 
were appointed such committee, the latter being named as 

The following communication was read : 
" To the Chairman of the Public Meeting in Williamsons Hall : 

"SiR: — The following transcript of proceedings will fully 
explain the purpose of the " widow's mite " herewith respect- 
fully offered : 

" Palmyra Lodge, No. 248, F. A. M., April 25, 1861. 

" Whereas, Volunteers for the defense of our country's 
constitution and the vindication of its flag against the 
assaults of treason are patriotically enrolling their names in 
this village ; and whereas it is compatible with the principles 
of our order as it is in accordance with the promptings of 
our hearts, to share the sacrifices of our fellow men in 
sustaining the Government which protects and blesses us ; 

"Resolved, That the entire balance of moneys in the 
treasury of this Lodge ($301.24) is hereby donated and 
appropriated for the benefit of the families of volunteers 
who shall be called into the service of the Government. 

"Resolved, That said moneys shall be disbursed in con- 
junction with any general fund that may be raised here for 
the same object, and in sums that shall be pro rata with the 
disbursements of the said general fund. 

Thomas L. Root, W. M. 

" E. CUMMiNGS, Secretary." 



The following note was also read : 

" Palmyra, April 24, 1861. 
" To the Chairman of the Relief Meeting : 

" Dear Sir: — I was informed, just as I was about to leave 
in the cars, that a meeting of our citizens is to be held 
to-morrow evening, to raise a fund for the support of the 
families of those residing here who may enlist in the defense 
of our Government. 

" As I shall not return in time to be present on that occa- 
sion, I take this opportunity to say that I heartily approve of 
the object of the meeting, and am willing to contribute my 
mite to sustain our glorious Union and to defend our Govern- 
ment from Southern aggression, believing that I shall be 
fully repaid for the slight pecuniary sacrifice, in an approving 
conscience and the approbation 01 the community. 

" You may put me down for $500. 

Yours truly, Carlton H. Rogers." 

The subscription as drawn was signed on the spot : 

Carlton H. Rogers, $500 Palmyra Lodge, F. A. M. $301. 
24; Bowman & Walker, S. M. Anderson, $200 each; 
Elijah Ennis, William P. Nottingham, W. F. Aldrich, 
C. W. Bennett, J. G. Philips, CuUen H. Rogers, Pomeroy 
Tucker, S. B. Mclntyre, J. Allen, jr, A. P Crandall, John 
Williamson, $100 each; Root & Howe, A. G. Merrick, 
C. McLouth, W. H. Southwick, John Strong. J. G. 
O'Dwyer, Myron Turner, Joseph J. Rogers, S. B. Jor- 
dan, James Peddie, $50 each ; Alonzo Langdon, John 
Hibbard, J. W. Hersey, A. F. Talcott, A. B. Clemens, 
C. J. Ferrin, John Gillett, jr John Sanders, S. W. Sawyer, 
G. P. Littles, Walter Lapham, S. P. Seymour, Willard 
Henderson & Son, W. .C. Winters, Ira Holmes, Morgan 
Robinson, James Walker, John Jordan, M. L. Bingham, 
each $25; C. T. Stroud, $15; Rev. W. Mudge, John A. 
Holmes, R. H. Sherman, William Shannon, Lyman 
Pierce, Anson Hillimire, William Winter, E. W. Cura- 
mings, John Minkler, Philip Keele, Albert Lamson, 
James Hibbard, Samuel Palmer, each $10; Jacob Zeigler, 
John Whit well, E. D. Kellogg, Collins Clark, Hehry Van 
Dyne, A. N. Stedman, each $5. Total, $3,301.24. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

''Resolved, That this Committee be requested to give 
every inhabitant of the town of Palmyra an opportunity 
to subscribe to this fund." 


Eloquent and patriotic speeches were made by S. B. 
Mclntyre Esq., Rev. Mr. Mudge, James Peddie and 
Captain Corning. 

The meeting adjourned with three cheers for the Union ; 
three cheers for General Scott, and three for Captain Corn- 
ing and his gallant company. 

Subsequently the subscriptions were increased to nearly 
$6,000. Birdsall & Sanford, $200; Mrs. M. A. Woodward, 
Hendee Parshall, I. Foster & Co., A. Sherman, William H. 
Cuyler, Maltby Clark, A. S. Carle, Avery S. Durfee, William 
McArthur, $100 each ; Aldrich, Reeves & Co. $75 ; F. Will- 
iams, William H. Farnham, William Walton, Mrs. E. E. 
Lillie, E. Heminway, A. Pratt, Bela Morgan, H. D. Jenner, 
L. M. Chase, J. P. H. Deming, Isaac Gifford, $50 each ; 
George H. Townsend, C. Sheely, $3oeach ; Thomas Knight, 
Ei S. Averill, Silas Taber, C. B. Bingham, William Doran, 
Tyler & Birdsall, Tucker & Chase, E. Elmendorf, C. D. John- 
son, Caleb Avery, George G. Jessup, William Foster, A. W. 
Salisbury, L. D. Nims, L. L. Seaman, David Holmes, A. Rice, 
H. M. Johnson, Butler Newton, C. Drake, Pliny T. Sexton, 
Sherman & Bronson, James Davis, each $25 ; F. W. Huxley, 
William W. Tripp, A. Rannie, J. W. Tibbets, each $20 ; Will- 
iam Ryan, $15 ; James Carr, S. B. Smith, William F. Moore, 
J. Pitkin, J. F. Eggleston, W. Sherman, H. J. Post, William 
D. Beadle, E. M. Chope, each $10; L. Besley, J. S. WiUiam- 
son, J. Shabley, James Hulbert, F. Deyoe, W. Stevens, 
C. L. Vandusen, G. F. Goodell, John Heath, each $5. Total 

Subsequently further subscriptions were made. J. C. Lov- 
ett, Luther Sandford, $200 each ; Martin Butterfield, $100; 
Fay H. Purdy, Hiram Foster, WilHam Chapman, B. M. Stup- 
plebeen, $50 each ; Henry J. Feller, Jacob Norris, James 
Reeves, William R. Johnson, Richard J. Storms, A. Rannie, 
$25 each ; C. A. Hodges, $10; Carlton Lakey, $5. Carrying 
the total up to $6,836.24. 


At Newark an adjourned Union meeting was numerously 
attended by the citizens of Newark and vicinity without dis- 
tinction of party, convened at Washington Hall on the 27th 


of April. James P- Bartle, chairman of the former meeting- 
was called to preside, assisted by J. A. Miller and F. U. 
Sheffield as Vice-Presidents ; H. R. Piersons and Clark 
Phillips as Secretaries. After the meeting was opened with, 
some patriotic remarks by the President, a noble and soul 
stirring song was sung by the Newark Glee Club when the 
committee that was appointed at the previous meeting for 
the purpose of immediately raising and equipping one 
or more Volunteer Companies in the town for the service of 
the State, reported that some forty-five names had been 
placed upon the roll and some seven more were added at 
this meeting making a company of fifty-two. 

It would have made the heart of every true patriot rejoice 
to have heard the shouts which came from the people as- 
those true and noble hearted young men came forward and 
placed their names beside their brethren thus dedicating^ 
not only their time, their honor, but their lives to the defense 
of their country and her flag. 

The committee reported that they felt confident that be- 
fore the close of another meeting the ranks of the company 
would be filled. 

The Finance committee reported that a subscription of 
$4,2ophad been generously subscribed and that many friends- 
were ready to double their subscriptions if necessary. 

At another meeting May 4th, the committee reported that 
the roll had reached nearly one hundred names. A news- 
paper report said : 

" The company have chosen for their Captain, Andrew 
Wilson, Esq., of Newark, who lays aside the honors which, 
cluster around the profession of the law and rallies to the 
defense of his country and the honor of its flag. * * 

This company includes many of the noble hearted and patri- 
otic young men of the town of Sodus. Rev. Mr. Dubois, 
the Methodist Pastor of Sodus, addressed the meeting, 
stirring the audience to their utmost depths, closing amid 
tremendous applause. Messrs Sutherland and Shumway 
spoke, as did Clark Mason and Mr. Tenbrook." 

The Finance committee reported $4,300 raised in Arcadia, 

and $600 in Sodus. 


Another large and enthusiastic meeting was held in the 
institute, Monday, May 6th, principally to plan for the sup- 


port of the families of volunteers. Isaac A. Clark presided ; 
Ira Lakey and D. F. Luce were Vice-Presidents, and Henry 
R. Tabor, Secretary. Committee on Resolutions consisted 
of Rev. Amasa Stanton, Rev. H. N. Short, and Hon. John 
A. Laing. The resolutions adopted were the following : 

" Whereas, Our National Government is menaced by 
traitors in arms, and our National ensign has been insulted ; 

"■Resolved, That as loyal citizens, it is our imperative duty 
to render efficient service, either by enrolling ourselves sub- 
ject to the call of the legal constitutional Government under 
which we have enjoyed such unparalleled prosperity, or by 
aiding those who volunteer. 

" Resolved, That we make a vigorous effort to raise a com- 
pany of minute-men in this town. 

" Resolved, That we raise a war fund of at least $3,000, to 
sustain the families of each volunteers, or to reward the 
valor of those who have no tamilies, and are honorably dis- 
charged from the service. 

" Resolved, That the town of Marion pledges her citizens 
to pay a tax levied from the last assessment roll of said town, 
■of five dollars per month to each volunteer in said town, 
who shall be called into the United States service during 
the time he shall be absent from home, and engaged in such 
service, and honorably discharged from the same. 

'^Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed whose 
■duty it shall be to assess upon each taxpayer of this town, 
the amount necessary to raise $3,000 for the purpose of sup- 
porting the families of those who have volunteered, or may 
volunteer in the company now raising in this town." 

The committee were Ira Lakey, Amasa Stanton, and 
Pardon Durfee. 


This town was aroused at the call of the President. 

Monday evening, April 29th, a large meeting was held at 
Williamson Corners. 

Hon. Samuel C. Cuyler, was President, and T. Scott 
L-edyard, Secretary. The ladies were present in large, num- 
bers, casting a salutary influence over the meeting, and 
stimulating to action the sterner sex in this hour of peril. 

A Committee on Resolutions was appointed : Abram 
Pryne, Charles G. Richards, John P. Bennett, Alfred Allen, 
Franklin P- Rogers. Addresses were made by Messrs. Cuy- 
ler, Pryne, and Stanton, of Marion. 


It is presumed that the following resolutions adopted, 
were drawn by th.e vigorous pen of Hon. Abram Pryne : 

" Resolved, That the war which has been forced upon the 
Government of the United States, is a war of rebellious 
anarchy against constitutional law and' public order — of 
revolutionary barbarism against progressive civilization ; 
the war of an aristocracy, based upon human slavery against 
constitutional freedom and the right of the people of the 
nation to govern the nation ; a war of traitorous robbers, 
who have stolen the property of the nation from its rightful 
custodians, the government of the nation, from its real 
owners, the whole people. As such we accept the issue 
forced upon us, and renewing our allegiance to the Con- 
stitution, and the administrators of that trust, we pledge 
ourselves to defend them with all the strength of mind and 
arm, which God has conferred upon us. 

" Resolved, That the time is now upon us, when we should 
subordinate all party ties, creeds and platforms to the united 
support of the Constitution of the United States, and the 
men that are constitutionally elected by the people to carry 
out the great principles of our Government and laws. 

"■Resolved, That whatever are the causes of the rebellious 
and mob-like attacks upon the Constitution and the glorious 
flag of our Union, we are bound to be united as one man in 
the support and protection of our Constitution, and to ward 
off the disgraceful blow that is now aimed at our cherished 
flag, and defend it from traitorous hands. 

''Resolved, That in the present crisis of national affairs, an 
energetic and vigorous policy is alike dictated by interest, 
honor and benevolence ; and as a means of saving blood and 
treasure and cutting short the work of suppressing rebellion 
and securing the reign of justice and order, we believe that 
the whole vast resources of the Government should be 
instantly and vigorously employed in conquering a peace, 
and that temporizing and treating with rebels in arms, is a 
waste of precious time and strength, which ought to be em- 
ployed in scattering their armies and repossessing our forts 
and arsenals. 

"Resolved, That the right of the Government to choose its 
own military way to the Capital is unquestionable and 
ought to be maintained at all hazards ; and if northern pat- 
riots on their way to Washington are again attacked by the 
traitorous mobs of Baltimore while marching through that 
city, we hope that instead of being ordered around it they 
will, if necessary, proceed over its ruins to their destination. 

"Resolved, That we recommend the speedy calling of a 
military convention for the County of Wayne with a view 


to raising and drilling a full regiment composed of citizens 
of the county, in order to be prepared to tender its services 
to the Government whenever it shall be called into the field ; 
and we suggest the propriety of calling preliminary meet- 
ings in every town of the county, preparatory to said con- 
vention, and in order to make it practically efficient." 

A committee to solicit volunteers was appointed, consist- 
ing of John P. Bennett, S. C. Cuyler, Franklin P. Rogers. 

A newspaper letter from Williamson in the Palmyra 
Cpuricr at this period says : 

" Through the energy of our young men inspired by their 
patriotism, a new liberty-pole was obtained and erected on 
Tuesday, April 23d. A large concourse of citizens, of all 
parties, gathered around to participate in the pole raising 
and sending up the stars and stripes. Thirty guns were fired 
in honor of the Constitution, the Union, the Flag and Major 
Anderson. Remarks were made by Charles G. Richards, 
E. M. Allen and John N. Reeves." 

Rev. Abram Pryne preached on Sunday, the 21st, on the 
subject of war, to a crowded house. His subject was the 
general principles involved, and the right and duty of every 
man to sustain the Constitution, the Union and the Flag. 

Sunday, the 28th, at Pultneyville, Rev. Mr. Potter, of the ' 
Methodist church, preached a soul-stirring patriotic dis- 
course ; holding up the Constitution and the Union as our 
only salvation in the present contest. Mr. Potter said he 
was willing to take his Bible under his arm and fight seven 
days in the week for his country. 

At the close of the sermon the flag was hoisted and guns 
fired. Another meeting at Clyde occurred on the evening 
of May loth. 

Rev. Mr. Bishop was called to the chair. P. Mark DeZeng 
having been unanimously chosen Captain of the volunteer 
company forming in the village, was called to the platform 
and received with tremendous cheering. 

He returned thanks for the honor done him, and begged 
them to remember that henceforth they were all Americans 
fighting for a glorious cause, and knew no other nationality 
than that of citizens of the United States. 

Dr. A. T. Hendrick, of Clyde, offered his services free to 
families of volunteers during their absence ; also Dr. 
Goedecke, of Lyons, as seen in the following note : 


Lyons, May 8th, 1861. 

" Mr. Van Camp— Dear Sir :— I offer my services as a 
physician to the families of volunteers during their absence 
in the service of our Country. 

" My office is on Church street, opposite the German 
Lutheran Church. ' G. GOedecke." 

At Clyde, Saturday afternoon. May 25, a beautiful flag was 
hoisted upon the public school building. The Trustees were 
present, Seth Smith as President and the other two, Aaron 
Griswold and E. B. Kellogg, Vice-Presidents ; Wm. Daly, 
Secretary. Rev. Wm. Brown offered prayers ; the soldiers 
sang " The Red, White and Blue." Mr. J. L. Crane, Prof. 
Bradley, Rev. Mr. Brown and Rev. Mr. Bishop spoke and 
the children sang the " Star Spangled Banner." 

Dr. Van Slyck, of Red Creek, offered his services to fami- 
lies of volunteers free of charge. 

Other physicians, not now remembered, made these same 
generous offers. 


From the Palmyra Courier of May 10, 1 861. 

"The highly respectable but somewhat staid town of 
Walworth is fully imbued with the spirit of the day. A 
correspondent sends us a few particulars concerning a pole 
raising, from which we quote : 

"'The people of Walworth have been very quiet since 
the rebellion broke out, until yesterday (May 1st), when they 
gave vent to their feelings by raising a pole and throwing to 
the breeze the time-honored flag of our country. There was 
quite a goodly number present, and the raising was soon 
accomplished. The most intense Union feeling prevailed 
throughout. The cannon was brought forth and charged 
for the first time to speak for her country, and most nobly 
did she utter the patriotic sentiments of the people.' " 

Tuesday evening, May 7, a meeting was held at Fowler's 
Hall, Sodus. The room was filled to overflowing. Captain 
Wilson, of Newark, spoke ; also B. C. Rude, L. H. Clark, 
and Rev. M. Dubois. The meeting adjourned to Friday even- 
ing at the Presbyterian Church, where Rev. Mr. Hey wood, 
of Newark,, addressed the excited throng. As volunteers 
came forward to sign the roll, they were greeted with the 
greatest enthusiasm. Twenty-five to thirty Sodus boys had 


already joined the Arcadia Company. Of this meeting the 
correspondent of the Rochester Democrat said : 

" Old Sodus is moving ; just waking up to the stirring 
fact that our Nation's flag has been dishonored, and that her 
capital is jeopardized. A new and beautiful pole has been 
erected in the centre of our beautiful village, and a large 
and splendid flag, made by the hands of the pastor of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and his lady, has been flung to 
the breeze, and as our village stands on high ground, it can 
be seen from a distance on every side. ■ On Tuesdaj^ evening. 
May 7th, at short notice and at the close of a ramy day, a 
large concourse of patriotic citizens met in the large ball 
room of Fowler's Hotel, where a Union meeting was organ- 
ized, and after speeches from Rev. George Dubois, Professor 
L. H. Clark, and a gentleman from Newark, thirteen enlisted 
to fill out the Newark company. 

" Another rousing meeting was held on Friday night." 
We have thus given something of the patriotic response 
which rolled up like the sound of many waters from all 
parts of the county. But the items given — the editorials, 
the sermons, the meetings, the flag raisings, are only speci- 
men selections. The whole was never recorded, nor can it 
ever be gathered up in full, even though a volume should be 
written upon each town. 




THE enthusiasm of the first response to the proclama- 
tion described in the previous chapter, did not die out 
and leave no practical result. As already indicated, 
there were immediate movements towards tendering men 
and means for the defense of the Government. The procla- 
mation having been received on Monday, the 15th, before 
that week closed numerous consultations were held, steps 
taken to enroll men, and enlistment papers actually signed. 
The whole people knew at once that speeches and resolu- 
tions and unfurling of flags would not accomplish the work. 
Positive action was needed. It may have yet been a popular 
impression that there would be but little actual fighting, still 
men knew that in enlisting they were going to danger, and 
very likely to death. At this stage of the proceedings too, 
the impulse afterwards given by large bounties did not exist. 
Whatever may have occurred in the subsequent years of the 
war to give a mercenary character to the raising of men, 
there was nothing of it in the opening months of the contest. 
Whatever may have happened afterwards in the way of 
enormous bounties, or purchased substitutes, or corrupt con-, 
tracts, none of these things marred the grand picture of an 
uprising people in May, 1861. Whatever of iniquity and 
cold blooded selfihness may have afterwards risen to the sur- 
face amid the commotions of protracted war, it will forever 
remain true that the opening weeks of the struggle pre- 
sented one of the clearest specimens of unselfish devotion to 
the country that the world has ever witnessed. 

No men of the Revolution ever dropped their tools of 
trade, or their implements of agriculture and seized the 


weapons of war more promptly than did the men of 1861. 
For any story of ancient patriotic sacrifice we have its 
modern counterpart. Men bade adieu to home and family as 
quickly, as firmly, in 1861 as in 1775. In hundreds of families 
throughout the county of Wayne there are treasured remin- 
iscences of some fair mormng of those bright spring months 
of 1 861, when a manly form stepped out from their home 
circle and joined his comrades on the march. There were 
smiles and tears ; there were brave mothers, sisters and wives 
choking down the tide of grief that their sons, brothers, and 
husbands might not be weakened in their purpose to join the 
armies of the Union. There are pictures, that have never 
been painted on canvass, pictures that will never emblazon 
the galleries of art. They are simply traced on the mem- 
or}' of the living who gave their best treasures to the service 
of their country. 

A little group may be seen standing on the steps of the 
old home, or beside the door-yard gate ; the hour of parting 
has come ; the young soldier receives his father's blessing, 
his mother's last tender words, his sister's clinging caress: 
one moment the picture is perfect; the 'next the figures 
vanish, the soldier is on the march, and his family are at their 
usual round of labor ; but that moment has photographed 
this scene on their hearts where it remains in its original 
freshness of tint, and clearness of outline through all the 
years of their future lives. 


At Lyons, there was a prompt movement to form a com- 
pany. The organization of the Lyons Light Guard, three 
years before, had embodied a group of men of soldierly 
character, embracing representatives of the leading families 
of Lyons. The careful drill, which had been their pastime, 
now fitted them to plan and act for the real duties of actual 
war. It has already been noticed that they had met on the 
very day of the proclamation, and (with only two or three 
exceptions due to ill-health) had declared their readiness to 
march, if the Fifty-fourth Regiment of Militia, to which their 
company belonged, should be called out. For some days it 
was expected that this would be done. Frequent interviews 


were held by Captain Welling, and by the Captain of Com- 
pany E, of Palmyra, with the commanding officers of the 
regiment at Rochester. The Lyons Light Guard exercised 
themselves in daily drill. When, however, it was known 
that the Fifty-fourth would not be ordered out, then the 
active spirits at Lyons began to organize a volunteer com- 
pany. Perhaps they did not even wait for any decision. 
Events moved rapidly, and many plans were under discus- 
sion at the same time. It is sometimes difficult to deter- 
mine twenty years afterwards exactly on what da)' enlist- 
ment rolls were opened. Printed muster rolls often give 
some later date — date perhaps of company organizations, 
or the date when mustered in, instead of the actual day 
when the soldier wrote his name. The general date , upon 
the rolls of Company B, Twenty-seventh Infantry, is May 
2d, but from an item in the Lyons Republican, it appears that 
the roll for the formation of the Lyons Volunteer Company 
was opened in the office of Joseph Welling, at noon on 
Monday, April 22d ; that it was sufficiently signed for Cap- 
tain Adams to take it to Albany with him on Tuesday after 
noon , that the company was accepted on Wednesday by 
the Governor ; that Captain Adams brought the roll back 
with him on Thursday morning ; that it was again opened 
at Captain Welling's office, and within a short time the ranks 
were filled to the maximum number — a pretty fair week's 

The company mustered for inspection on Wednesday, 
May 1st, under Captain Joseph Welling, who had been 
appointed by the Governor, inspector of all volunteer com- 
panies in Wayne County. 

Practically, the company was raised in one week, drilled 
somewhat and mustered for inspection the second week, 
and left about the middle of the third week for Elmira. 

Sunday morning. May 5, 1861, Captain Adams' company 
attended the Methodist church. Long before the time of 
service the house was filled, every sitting or standing place 
being occupied except the space reserved for the volun- 
teers. The church was decorated with flags and a fine one 
floated from the tower without. While the bell was ringing 


for service the company was inarched from the armory pre- 
ceded by martial music. As they entered the church the 
organ pealed forth the inspiring strains of the national an- 
them producing a fine effect. The Rev. Mr. Buck delivered 
a grand discourse. The choir and congregation sang " My 
Country 'Tis of Thee" and the immense audience dispersed 
to the sound of national airs from the organ. 

In the evening they attended the Presbyterian church 
where a similar ovation awaited them. Rev. Mr. McHarg 
being ill, Rev. Mr. Putnam of the Baptist church delivered 
a very able sermon from the text " Render unto Caesar the 
things which be Cassars." Rev. Mr. Buck followed in a 
few well-timed and patriotic remarks ; so soul-stirring as 
to evoke loud and enthusiastic applause. 

'Monday, May loth, 1861, Captain Adams' company left 
Lyons. Of this the Lyons Republican said : 

"The entire population of Lyons and thfe surrounding 
country seemed to be in the streets on Monday to see the 
Lyons volunteers off. It was a day long to be remembered 
in the history of our village. * " * * .* ^^ 

the procession approached the depot the rush thither was 
tremendous and considerable difficulty was experienced 
in forcing a passage through the crowd. When this was 
accomplished and something like order had been restored 
the volunteers were addressed by Wm. VanMarter, J. D. 
Husbands, Rev. Mr. Buck and Rev. Mr. Brown. Rev. Mr. 
Buck presented to Corporal Saul a Masonic Emblem (a sil- 
ver trowel) the gift of Messrs Cosart and Van Alstyne ; and 
Mr. Husbands to Lieut. White, a revolver from Dr. Gilbert." 

From the Democratic Press. 


" Monday last will be long remembered by our citizens, 
on account of the departure of Captain Adams* Company 
of Volunteers, for Elmira. They were escorted from the 
Armory to the depot at half past one o'clock. The procession 
was arranged in the following order : 

1. Wells' Cornet Band of Clyde. 

2. Eagle Fire Co. No. i, Lyons. 

3. Eagle Fire Co. Hose No. i, Lyons. 

4. Cataract Fire Co. No. i, Clyde, (all Germans.) 

5. Niagara Fire Co. No. 2, " 

6. Rescue Fire Co. No. 3, Lyons. 

7. Rescue Fire Co. Hose No. 3, Lyons. 


8. Hook and Ladder Co. No. 3, Lyons. 

9. German Mechanics Association. 

10. Martial Music — (Alton and Lyons Band.) 

11. Lyons Light Guard. 

12. Clergy. 

13. Lyons Volunteers. 

14. Citizens. 

" During the march to the depot, a National Salute was 
fired. At'^the depot a vast assemblage had gathered. Wm. 
VanMarter, J. D. Husbands and Rev. D. D. Buck deliv- 
ered eloquent and appropriate addresses. At 3:55 the Vol- 
unteers got on board the train, amid enthusiastic cheering." 

Company B, of the 27th, was reported in the newspapers 
as consisting of the following officers and men when it left 

Lyons : 

Captain — Alexander D. Adams. 

First Lieutenant — Henry R. White. 

£««^« —William H. Swan. 

Orderly Sergeant — M. W. Goodrich. 

Second Sergeant — Robert S. Holmes. 

Third Sergeant — Crosby Hopkins. 

Fourth Sergeant — Charles Sherman. 

Corporals — William Rooker, Charles L. Gaul, William C. 
Belden, Hiram W. Layton. 

Privates — John Lemmon, Franklin Hecox, M. B. Zimmer- 
man, Martin V. Sweet, James W. Snedaker, Sylvester C. 
Hill, John D. McVicar, Wm. Shattuck, Thomas H. Tipling, 
Wilhelm ZwiUing, H. M. Lillie, Joseph Seavey, WiUiam H. 
King, Wm. Rooker, Edward Allee, R. D. Lawrence, J. C. 
Sampson, A. M. VanAmburgh, Charles Althen, James 
Ellison, Hiram W. Layton, Henry Rooker, L. D. Lusk, 
Charles W. Soverhill, Samuel S. Plass, Adolph Martin, 
William Dibby, Louis Adams, Edward P. Foster, William 
H. Mclntyre, Louis C. Strickland, J. W. Griswold, Robert 
H. Disbrow, Thomas S. Betts, Spencer C. Weaver, Rowland 
B. Andrews, Joseph Mills, Cornelius W. Murphy, John 
Fosniere, Richard D. Pudney, Jacob Rodenbach, George 
M. Belden, M. B. Vanlnwagen, William H. Stacey, Andrew 
Cassidy, Lafayette Sherman, Myron Dwinnelle, John C. 
Earaes, Nelson H. Huff, Clark C. Ellis, Morton A. Leach, 
Charles H. Moore, Otto Miller, James M. Dickerson, Gibson 
Dunn, Ezra Dibble, Edwin Leach, William Vosburgh, John 
E. Casey, Henry W. Brown, Robert Durkee, John Knoblock, 
George Lehner, Morris Johnson, V. H. Sweeting, Cornelius 
Lovell, George C. Rooker, George H. Walrath, H. C. 
Edwards, Theodore Klump, Almeron Crannell, William 
Roehrig, Charles Odell, Chauncey Blinn, Joseph A. Braden. 


The Lyons company was the first to leave the county, in 
consequence of the rapid work after recruiting actually 
commenced ; and because the acceptance of the company 
was promptly made by the Governor and its destination 

There were, perhaps, enlistments in other parts of the 
county earlier than at Lyons, in consequence of the expecta- 
tion at first that, the Lyons Light Guard would go as a body, 
and volunteering was not commenced. It is not settled, 
however, what Wayne County man first signed a volunteer 
enlistment roll after the receipt of the President's call of 
Apnl 15th. 

The resolution of the Lyons Light Guard, Monday even- 
ing, though expressive of a readiness to go with the regiment, 
was not an enlistment of volunteers. 


This took place at Elmira, May 26, 1861. Mr. Tinsley, of 
the Lyons Republican, in presenting the beautiful sword, 
purchased by citizens of Lyons, said : 

" Captain Adams : — It becomes my pleasant duty to pre- 
sent to you to-day, this sword — a duty which I perform on 
behalf of citizens of Lyons, who, appreciating your merits 
as a soldier, and as a man, have desired to make to you some 
tangible acknowledgment of their esteem. Accept the gift, 
sir, and if it should be your lot to be called into the field to 
shed the traitorous blood of those who would destroy the 
Union, cemented by the patriotic blood of their father's 
fathers, may this weapon in your hands do its duty in a cause 
just and noble. And wherever the God of battles may lead 
you, may the God of hosts protect you, and send you back 
to your bovhood's home, when the sunlight of peace is 
once more shed abroad over our beloved land, with this 
sword as an emblem and type of your manly honor — 
unsullied 'by any foul stain, but brightened and glorified with 
the lustre of active execution, of brave and patriotic deeds." 

Captain Adams replied : 

" Mr. Tinsley : — To you, and through you to the citizens 
of Lyons, I return my sincere thanks for this beautiful pres- 
ent. ' I accept the gift, and rest assured, sir, it shall never be 
used unworthily by me. It is a matter of regret that so 
many are now compelled to draw the sword in defense of 
the Constitution and the laws, and to hold as ours, that 


which is ours by rig-ht. Return, sir, to the citizens of Lyons, 
and say that the gift they have sent me, shall be brought 
back by me unstained, except by traitorous blood shed in 
honorable conflict, or lying upon the body of one who has 
not proved himself an unworthy soldier." 


At Newark, the work of enlisting was actively com- 
menced. Company I, of the Seventeenth Infantry, was 
raised principally in the towns of Arcadia and Sodus. The 
news of the surrender of Fort Sumter, and the proclama- 
tion of President Lincoln, calling for seventy-five thousand 
men, were read in our streets on the 15th and i6th of April. 

Within three days, Andrew Wilson and Isaac Lusk, were 
moving for the formation of a company at Newark, and a 
day or two later, Augustus Proseus, Allen Vandebogert, 
Allen Hiserote, and others from Sodus, were hastening to 
Newark, and enrolling their names in defense of an imperiled 
government. Men abandoned their offices; students dropped 
their books ; hired men summarily left the farmers to whom 
they were engaged for the season, and commenced drilling, 
pursuant to the manual of arms. If an employer threatened 
loss of pay for work done by a man who broke his contract 
for the summer, to go into the army, the indignant "boys" 
were well nigh ready to give him a taste of war without 
going South. 

This company spent but a brief time at Newark. The 
departure took place on Monday, May 13th. An immense 
throng from Sodus and Arcadia gathered at the Newark 
depot to see the " boys off for the war." The same tender 
scenes characterized the parting as at other points on simi- 
lar occasions. Various brief addresses were made. The 
friends crowded up close for a final farewell. Brave men 
stepped on board the train while women equally brave, 
nobly repressed the rising tide of emotion and bade the sol- 
diers adieu with praiseworthy cheerfulness. 

The Democratic Press said of Company I, under date of 
May 15, 1 861 : " ' 


" Captain Wilson's Company of Volunteers passed through 
this place at 1 1:50 on Monday, A. M., en route lor New York. 


Notwithstanding a heavjr rain storm prevailed at the time, 
a large crowd of our citizens assembled at the depot, and 
cheer after cheer was given for the brave soldiers who went 
forth to battle for our country." 

We regret that many interesting incidents concerning 
Company I, its organization, its drill at Newark, its depart- 
ure and the designation of its officers can now be recalled 
only with difficulty. No copies of the Newark Courier for 
that eventful period have been found though diligent 
enquiry has been made and a request through the newspa- 
pers has utterly failed to produce any copies for the use of 
the author. 

The accounts in the previous chapter have shown that 
there was great enthusiasm at Newark. That large sums 
of money were raised and effective work promptly done. 
The people lavished upon Company I, their money, their 
affections, their patriotism. Nothing was too good for " the 
boys" while they remained in Newark. Their drills were 
watched with interest, their comfort was cared for, their 
wants supplied a,ud the whole community followed them to 
the cars with kind wishes, with abundant blessings, with 
sad yet hopeful adieus. 

The soldiers left with firm, brave hearts. They were not 
all to return. Some were to perish on the field of battle, 
others to die by disease, yet they went boldly forth to ren- 
der such services as the Union might require. 

Company I, of the Seventeenth, as it left Newark, consisted 
of the following officers and men : 

Captain — Andrew Wilson. 

Lieutenant — Isaac M. Lusk. 

Ensign — Augustus W. Proseus. 

First Sergeant — Lycurgus D. Lusk. 

Second Sergeant — Allen Vandebogert. 

Third Sergeant — Andrew J. Piersons. 

Fourth Sergeant — Philip Shuster. 

First Corporal— Qh.zxX^'S, Soverhill. 

Second Corporal— Geoxz& Westfall. 

Third Corporal— ls2ia.c Irish. 

First Musician — Morton A. Leach. 

Second Musician — John Brevoort. 

Privates — Artemas Avers, Willard Buck, Aaron Bush,. 
John Boheim, Michael Burns, David S. Bardo, Harvey W. 




Benson, Hugh W. Cochrane, John Clark, Jacob Cunning- 
ham, Paris Cornue, James Cull, Richard Conners, George 
Cooke, Almon I. Downing, Harrison Downing, Harrison E, 
Downing, Francis G. Dolph, Calvm Doane, William Don- 
nelly, Allen Dunn, Jacob Everts, Robert Fulton, John Flora, 
Jam'es W. A. Granger, Charles Howland, Gustavus Hen- 
derbesch, Jacob Hickey, Alfred Hawkins, Allen F. Hise- 
rote, John Irwin, Albert Irish, Garrett Jenks, John Johnson, 
John R. Keeffe, Horace Lake, Patrick Larkin, Charles 
Miller, Joseph Manchester, Richard Mills, James McLean, 
Charles McCann, Ambrose McCuen, James Murphy, Pat- 
rick McGrath, John Mahen, John Nierpass, Abner Novess, 
Charles Nebriskie, Thomas Pickett, Andrew W. Perkins, 
Samuel Plass, George M. Parkhurst, Ralph Rogers, Peter 
RausentorE, Levi G. Sweet, Edward Smith, Charles" Stout- 
enker, Cyrus Taylor, Aaron Van Inwagen, Emmet Whit- 
more, Andrew J. White, Alfred Westfall, John Wolf, John 
Irwin, James Conway. 


At Palmyra, Joseph Corning led off in the work of enlist- 
ing men for the service. His company became Company 
B, of the Thirty-third Regiment of Infantry. Mr. Corning 
was a member of the Legislature, and remained with that 
body in session for a few days following the proclamation. 
He shared in the legislative action that was taken and was 
prompt and foremost in every movement that was made to 
tender men and money on the part of this State. But, fully 
conscious of the impending crisis, he clearly saw that some- 
thing more than legislation was needed. The raising of an 
army was . a work that required men of rank and respon- 
sibility to devote their personal services. Before he arrived 
in Palmyra the raising of men had been under discussion. 
It was expected that Company E, of the Fifty-fourth militia 
would be called to march with that regiment and prepara- 
tions were made to move at once. 

H. J. Draime and Josiah J. White were active at this 
time. The former had had considerable military experience 
which proved a valuable aid in this crisis. Various plans 
were under discussion. The people were enthusiastic. 
Meetings were held, money was being pledged. The people 
were ripe for a positive organization. The hour was auspi- 


cious for a leader of men to be named — a man who would 
command confidence. 

Mr. Corning returned home from Albany on Friday even- 
ing, April 26. He was met at the depot by a large number 
of citizens of all parties and escorted to the Palmyra hotel, 
where being loudly called upon he made a few patriotic 
remarks stating that he had returned home for the purpose of 
rasing a volunteer company and leading them to the defense 
of the country, and calling upon all patriotic men to rally 
to his standard. 

The next morning he converted his law office into a 
recruiting station, and issued a handbill calling for volun- 
teers. The call was responded to with much enthusiasm. 
Day by day the roll of recruits grew longer, and in ten days 
the company was enrolled to its maximum. But little delay 
took place. Regiments were being hurried to the scene of 
conflict. The call was loud and urgent. Captain Corning 
and his brave men were impatient of delay. 

On Wednesday evening. May 15th, a farewell meeting 
took place in honor of Captain Coming's company of volun- 
teers, and their intended departure the next day. 

The assembly gathered in the Presbyterian Church, and 
that spacious edifice was packed with people above and 
below. Around the pulpit and the galleries large flags were 
beautifully festooned. 

The band was stationed on one side of the organ, and a 
large choir was in attendance. Pews on the main aisle were 
reserved for the volunteers, who came marching in with the 
steady tread and the marked good order that evinced the 
progress already made in drilling. The officers in charge 
of the meeting were : George W. Cuyler, President ; Will- 
iam F. Aldrich and Thomas Birdsall, Vice-Presidents ; and 
Charles McLouth, Secretary. 

The " Star Spangled Banner" was read by Rev. Mr. Gil- 
lespie, and sung by the choir. Rev. Horace Eaton led in 
prayer, offering a fervent invocation for the divine blessing 
to go with and rest upon the volunteers ; and to give them 
courage, energy, firmness, patience, fortitude, and to pre- 
pare them for whatever the future held in store for them. 


The band rendered " Hail Columbia," thrilling the vast 
audience with its patriotic strains. 

Rev. Mr. Mudge said, in closing a brief address : 

" Volunteers ! there is much to urge you forward. The 
end you seek is a noble one. It will enroll your names on 
the page of honor. 

" If you conduct yourselves faithfully it will place them 
higher on the scroll of fame. We shall cherish your names 
and be proud of your success. We expect noble things of 

" We who stay at home will remember you when you are 
away. We will remember your families, and assure you 
that they shall be cared for. 

" Go forth to the conflict. We bid you God speed. You 
contend in a righteous cause. You go to save your country ; 
to defend our Constitution ; to protect our flag. We know 
that you need no other incentive. We know that this is 
sufficient. Go! May the God of Battles go with you." 

Of Rev. Mr. Gillespie's remarks, we cull the following 
sentences : 

" There is one bright spot in the dark picture that our 
country now presents. It is the unity of feeling at the North. 
Here are men of all political affinities, those who are connect- 
ed with the South by business or social ties, those who have 
not been wont to mingle together. We have come together 
to assure our fellow citizens of our sympathy, and to send 
them forth with our God speed. This unity is a bright spot. 
It is the great defense of our country. 

* * * * * _ 

" 1 have endeavored to look at this subject as a Christian 
man. I pray for peace, and I shall greatly rejoice if you 
return without battle, more than if your ranks are broken 
and your banner dyed, and your officers tell us how nobly 
you fell. This interferes not with sending the hosts to 
battle. When we stand by the flag, we should stand by the 
New Testament. You go in a good cause, because you go 
in support of the constitution and the laws. You go to 
protect union — avoid disunion. 


" When Franklin was lost amid the snow and ice of the 
North, England sent for him. So it is our duty to send for 
the Union men of the South. You sent a short time ago to 
starving Kansas of your substance ; now it is your duty to 
send to the Union men of the South who are starving for 
political liberty, of your own living, active men. Go forth 
as Christian soldiers. Remember that you go from Christian 


lands, from the voice of pastors, from Sabbath bells. May 
the Lord of hosts be with you — the God of Jacob your 

Rev. Mr. Eaton said : 

"I have heard the drum and fife since I was a boy, but not 
with the feeling of solemnity as now. I have looked all my 
life on that flag, but it never appeared to me so noble as 
now ; its stars, so like those that once sang together, and its 
stripes so like the breaking of the morning. I have regarded 
vvar with dread ; but if I understand the Gospel or the sacri- 
fice of Calvary, it is founded on government. Government 
is an institution of God as really as the church. Hence I 
love this country because I see the hand of God in it. It 
comes to me sacred from the graves of our ancestors. It 
comes to me from the future freighted with the hopes of all 
the nations of the earth. Can it be that this Government is 
now to be destroyed ? How vandal-like the hand that assails it. 
What shall we do ? I know of no other way than that which 
the great apostle preached. The invincible logic of Paul 
defends us. The Government must be sustained, even if by the 
sword. Volunteers, you do not go forth as mercenaries, but 
as an army of the Constitution and the Union. You differ 
from those who fight for destruction. You fight for law ; 
you will obey law. You fight for truth; you will give an 
example of truth. 

" It is only to-night we hear of the desecration of Washing- 
ton's grave. How it thrills our souls. Volunteers, go plant 
the American flag on that grave and on Sumter. Yes, let 
it wave again from the top of Sumter. Go, regard your 
constitutions, your health, your virtue, your testaments. 
God go with you." 

James Peddie made an effective and eloquent address. He 
paid a high compliment to the officers and the men. 

On motion of H. S. Flower, the chair appointed Messrs. 
Flower, Nottingham, Holmes, Southwick and Anderson a 
committee to arrange for escorting the volunteers at their 
departure the next day. 

A testament was then distributed to each man, the gift of 
the Bible society. 

Captain Corning was then called out and spoke briefly, 
thanking the citizens for their kindness, attention, and liber- 
ality to his company. He expressed his pride in the men 
-enrolled. They included not only Americans, but there 
were men from Switzerland, Prussia, Germany, France, 


England, Ireland — now Americans all. Colonel Coming's 
remarks were eloquent and spirited beyond himself, and a 
tender undercurrent of sadness lent a peculiar pathos to his 
words. As he stood before that audience, ready to lead the 
men of his company to the field of strife, to battle and to 
death, he received an ovation that might well be graven on 
his memory with an impress as enduring as life. 

The tumultuous cheers that swelled up from that audience 
and rung through the old village church, told him that the 
heart of Palmyra beat towards him and his men with 
enthusiastic admiration. 

Never before was there such a meeting in Palmyra. A 
century may elapse without another that equals it. 


The great meeting of Wednesday night was a fitting 
prelude to the scenes of Thursday. 

The whole population seemed to unite in such testimonials 
of pride and grateful affection as could not fail to gladden 
the otherwise heavy hearts of the brave and gallant fellows 
who bade adieu to their homes and friends, and went forth, 
to become the soldiers of the country, the defenders of the 
stars and stripes, the upholders and guarantors of the glori- 
ous Union and its Government. 

Never before were the streets of Palmyra so gay and 
pageant-like. Flags by the hundreds were waving from 
roofs and windows, while the National colors floated proudly 
across the principal street. The procession was formed as 
follows : 

1. Band. 

2. Citizens' Corps. 

3. Firemen. 

4. Volunteers. 

5. Clergy, Committees, Speaker. 

6. President of the village and Board of Trustees. 

7. Citizens generally. 

The procession formed on Main street, the right resting 
on Cuyler street. The church bells were rung and cannon 
fired during the moving of the procession. It was about 
three o'clock p. M. Main street was a sight to be remem- 
bered. The march was one long ovation ; the cortege itself 


was almost lost in the thronging tide of people that moved 
with it, and filled the entire street. Cheers and shouts 
mingled in a continuous roar, joining with the music of the 
bands. Handkerchiefs were waved from windows by 
hundreds of fair hands. 

Nothing in the spectacle was so moving or so vividly 
indicated the nature of the occasion as the sight of women 
marching hy the side of the ranks. It told the whole story 
of the coming separation, of love and tender affection. 

ThePalmyra Courier, from which the account is condensed, 
said : 

" We cannot undertake any description of the scene that 
took place at the depot between the arrival of the Volun- 
teers and the coming of the cars that were to bear them 
away. Let us be spared the recital of what made every 
heart ache among those present. There were more tears 
than women shed. Many a brave fellow, whose heart will 
grow strong in the face of danger, was choked with the 
uprising emotion, and looked, through tear-dimmed eyes, the 
good-bye his lips could not utter." 

Captain Coming's Company, as it left Palmyra, was as 
follows : 

Captain — J. W. Corning. 

Lieutenant — J. J. White. 

Ensign — H. J. Draime. 

First Sergeant — David Servoss. 

Second Sergeant — Samuel F. Dennis. 

Third Sergeant — Gilbert Everson. 

Fourth Sergeant — S. Clinton Palmer. 

First Corporal — A. J. Bennett. 

Second Corporal — John P. Jarvis. 

Third Corporal — Wm. Souars. 

Fourth Corporal — Royal E. Dake. 

Privates — E. B. Parks, Jacob Sherman, Lewis Mosier, John 
Lennin, Morris J. BuUis, Chas. S. Stanley, Horace R. Howard, 
Thomas Paul, James H. Kellogg, S. C. Harris, C. F. Eisen- 
trager, Richard Turner, George W. Gardner, John Clemens, 
Major Kellogg, Sanford McCall, S. B. Clevenger, Wm. 
Brookings, Richard Miller, E.C.Tyler, Henry M. Heath, 
George C. Wacksmith, Thomas Hanley, Robert Armstrong, 
John Ottman, Wm. Price, John Quinn, Benjamin Mepham, 
Frank Smith, Reuben T. Halstead, Thomas Johnson, Charles 
Gere, Joseph Jackson, Anson Rose, Edgar G. Parks, Lewis 
C. Becker, Silas Hill, John Birdsall, Peregrine Sanford, 


Henry Crane, John Johnson, Samuel Linehart, Griffin 
Stickles. Munson G. Hill, Albert H. Henderson, H. G. Staf- 
ford, John Huxley, C. J. Plum, Mason Lee, Wm. Kellogg, 
John H. Smith, N. B. Risley, John Allis, Benjamin Tusten, 
Elijah Brown, Lewis Knowles, John Little, Alfred Howell, 
James Coleman, John Carriff, David Hart, Stephen Patten, 
Gottlieb Albreze, Alexander Struchen, Valentine Natt, John 
Gratton, John Gramer, Michael Coonan, George Turner, 
John Held, Washington Everett, Elijah G. Demelt, H. H. 


At Clyde steps were early taken to form a company. P. 
Mark DeZeng was active in promoting enlistments. 

From the Clyde Times of April 20, 1861. 

" We understand that Mr. P. Mark DeZeng, of this place, 
started for Albany to secure a commission in the volunteer 
army. It is rumored also that he intends to organize a com- 
pany of calvary in this village. 

" We understand a recruiting office is to be opened in this 
village on Monday next. Doubtless there are many who 
will join ; and we learn that some few have started for 
Rochester and Syracuse, to join the volunteers there." 

Men were enrolled promptly here as elsewhere, but some 
delay occurred in completing the organization, and in 
determining to what regiment it should be attached. 

The organization finally became Company D, of the Sixty- 
seventh Infantry. The local name of the regiment was " The 
First Long Island." 

The Company held a meeting, May loth, for the election 
of officers. Mr. DeZeng, in calling the meeting to order, 
announced that. Rev. Mr. Bishop had expressed his inten- 
tion of entering the service as chaplain. The election of 
officers resulted as follows : P. Mark DeZeng, Captain ; 
William H. West, First-Lieutenant ; W. A. Snyder, Ensign ; 
William Deady, Orderly Sergent ; L. C. Winans, First 
Sergeant; J. C. Baker, Second Sergeant; M. Mclntyre, 

Third Sergeant ; H. Goodchild, First Corporal ; 

Toal, Second Corporal ; Welch, Third Corporal ; 

Thomas Drown, Fourth Corporal. 

Captain DeZeng was called out amid tremendous cheer- 
ing, and returned thanks for the honor done him, and begged 


them to remember that henceforth they were all Americans, 
fighting for a glorious cause, and knew no other nationality 
than that of citizens of the United States, 

Rev. Mr. Brown also spoke : 

" He had been afraid that the patriotic spirits of Galen 
were to be scattered among foreign companies.^and that 
those who were left at home, would have no common centre 
upon which to place their hopes in the coming contest, He 
was thankful that this meeting had relieved those fears. * 
* * * He would say with the father who sent a 
son to the war, ' If you turn back, go straight by my house.' 
If you turn your back upon the cause upon which you have 
entered, go straight by Clyde ; do notstop here; go straight 
by. * * * jf yQy meet Jeff. Davis, or any one 
of the band of traitors, give them ray compliments, and pre- 
sent them from the can?ion's mouth." 

Wednesday, July 12th, 1861, the departure of the Clyde 
volunteers took place. There was a general gathering in 
Clyde from all the surrounding towns. The volunteers were 
received by a grand procession, comprising Wells' Cornet 
Band, the Cataract Fire Company, Niagara Fire Company, 
Hose Boys Number i, and a large concourse of citizens. 

Hopkin's Martial Band, and the Lyons Light Guard, 
reached Clyde by a boat, and shared in the ceremonies. 
Assembled in the park, with the volunteers in the center. 
Rev. Mr. Wilson offered prayer. Colonel S. S. Briggs, 
made the Company a present of three' hundred dollars, and 
Captain DeZeng announced that they would take the name 
of the Briggs Guards. Money to purchase a pair of epauletts 
was presented to Captain DeZeng, by the ladies of Clyde. 
A revolver was presented to Lieutenant W. H. West. 

While waiting for the train at the depot, the school chil- 
dren sang the Star Spangled Banner. 

A sermon was delivered on the previous Sunday after, 
noon, in the Episcopal church by Rev. A. E. Bishop, to the 
Clyde volunteers. His concluding paragraph was the fol- 
lowing : 

" Let no event of the campaign be without its lesson. The 
war of the artillery upon the battle field is not near as grand 
as the rolling of the thunder, the artillery of heaven ; the 
angered strife of man is not near as fearful as the anger and 
the strivings of the living God. The secret of a truly brave 


man is the consciousness of truth and justice on his side ; 
and if these be the principles, then theL,ord also is on your 
side, and who shall battle against you with any hope of suc- 
cess ? When around the camp fire at night, you raise your 
eyes aloft and behold the starry host in the vault of heaven, 
remember that God is there and is looking upon you. 
When on the distant outpost, and enemies are around seek- 
ing your destruction, O, remember that you are in God's 
hand, and he careth for the sons of men. Are you prepared 
for this. You are to strive for your country in its support, 
and indirectly for your own firesides. Conduct yourself so 
that God will be on your side. Obey your superiors as 
having lawful authority over you. If you go upon the bat- 
tle field, and victory crowns your efforts, return to it with 
timely relief for friend and foe, and soothe the dying hour of 
each, knowing no difference between them, and this shall 
mark you as good Samaritans. May Heaven preserve you 
and restore you again to your homes. We wish you God 

The Clyde company as it went to the front, consisted of 
the following officers and men. Captain DeZeng had been 
promoted Major immediately upon the organization of the 
regiment, and was, therefore, no longer connected with the 
company. A number of the men were from other counties : 

Captain — Benjamin W. Goodman. 

First Lieutenant — Wm. H. West: 

Second Lieutenant — Wm. A. Jones. 

Orderly Sergeant — W. N. Deady. 

Second Sergeant — Lewis J. Winans. 

Third Sergeant — Thomas Gibbs. 

Fourth Sergeant — Charles Baker. 

Fifth Sergeant — Alexander R. Norton. 

Corporals— \le.m:y Goodchild, Thomas Drown, Henry 
Jones, Wm. Hilton, John Winans, Thomas Ashdown, Moses 
Warren, Adin Forncrook. 

Musicians— '^AW\xv Goodchild, Homer J. Church. 

Privates— Q\i?ir\&s Ashley, Thomas Armstrong, Lorenzo 
Buck, Henry Butts, Philo Boynton, Judson C. Boynton, 
John A. Bowles, Patrick Berry, John Bowman, Thomas J. 
Brown, James Bray, Thomas Brower, Jared Chaddock, 
John D. Cookingham, Eugene Crawford, John D. Congdon, 
Thomas Connelly, Nathaniel Davis, Samuel G. Densmore, 
Charles H. EUis, Francis Ettinger, Samuel Fry, Orrin Fry, 
Peter Fox,- Wm. Fosmire, Thomas Goodman, George Good- 
man, Alonzo Green, William Green, Horace W. Hamlin, 
Edgar Hendricks, Chester Hydley, Orlando T. Hatch, 


Wrn. Irwin, James Jenner, Orrin Jones, Patrick H. Kinney, 
Philip King, Sylvester Kane, James W. Lounsbury, John 
W. Leonard, William Leroy, John Mooney, John McKiUis, 
John McClary, Michael Manger, James Mack, Edwin Moran, 
Nelson McDougall, Thomas Mackie, Thomas Oper, Henry 
O'Brien, George Pool, James Pollock, Augustus Ross, James 
Rowley, Christian Rentel, James Rigney, Daniel Schaub, 
Harrison Sherman, Emerson Smith, George Seifert, George 
Snyder, John Smith, Milton B. Smith, Conrad Selser, Will- 
iam Strickland, Robert Tripp, George Tempest, George 
Van Alstyne, Abram J. Van Wort, Albert Vanderbilt, Jas- 
per Wadsworth, George WaldruflT, Timothy Way, Charles 
Way, Charles Weochkee, Jacob Wayland, Charles H. 
Wrfght, Newell Yeuro. 

Of the departure of this company, S. H. Clarke wrote in 
the Rochester Democrat and American : 


Clyde, Wayne Co., N. Y., June nth, i86i. 
" Messrs. Editors : 

" Rev. J. N. Brown, of this place, preached a sermon on 
Sunday morning last for the especial benefit of the volun- 
teers. The Methodist pulpit was decorated with three 
American flags — one of which stood on each side of the desk ; 
the other was thrown over it. The ' Star Spangled Banner' 
was suspended above the orchestra and another of these 
National emblems was proudly floating aloft outside the 
edifice. The volunteers (eighty in number) occupied the 
seats near the pulpit, on the right and left, in the middle 
aisle, and appeared to enjoy the delivery of as beautiful and 
patriotic a discourse as we ever heard in that or any other 
place of worship in this village. The text was a very appro- 
priate one, viz : ' Quit you like men, be strong ' — 2 Cor., 16:13. 
And every sentence which followed it, met with a cordial 
response from every cordial heart. Benches for the accom- 
modation of the audience, which was very large, were 
placed in the aisles — all of which were immediately filled. 
The music was lively, soul-stirring, exellent. The volunteers 
in the afternoon attended the Episcopal Church,'and listened 
to a few appropriate remarks from the pastor. Rev. Mr. 
Bishop. Tuesday noon (to-day) this company left in the 
cars for New York. About three thousand people assembled 
at the depot to see them off, including a fine military 
company from Lyons, and a host of ladies. Before marching 
to the depot the "company and citizens halted on the park. 


where an appropriate prayer, for the success of our army, 
was offered by the Rev. Robert E. Wilson, pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church, etc. Good music by the band fol- 
lowed both here and the depot. At 12 o'dock the cars 
arrived, farewells were then exchanged, and off went the 
volunteers to serve their country on the battlefield." 


The. old men gave signal proof of their readiness to do 
anything that might properly be undertaken by them, as is 
shown in the following order and subsequent action : 


" Lyons, May lo, 1861. 

" The undersigned. Commandant of the Survivors of the 
Seventy-first Regiment of Veterans of the War of 1812, 
residing in the County of Wayne, pursuant to Brigade 
orders, made upon the recommendation of the General-in- 
Chief, hereby orders that a meeting of the Veterans of the 
War of 1812, residing in the County of Wayne, be held at 
the LYONS Hotel, in Lyons Village, on Wednesday, the 
22d day of May, instant, to organize into Companies; which 
Companies shall be officered according to the laws of this 
State, and to volunteer to hold themselves ready for any 

" And it is earnestly recommended that all exempts, resid- 
ing in Wayne County, between the ages of forty-five and 
seventy years, be present, or send suitable representatives. 

" It is not expected that the services of the Veterans or 
exempt Militia shall be required upon active duty out of 
the State ; but we can, by organization and due preparation, 
render important service to our Country in the crisis, as a 
Home Guard, and thus give a practical direction to our 

" Veterans of the War of 1812 ! and all who are exempt 
from Military duty, turn out and manifest your devotion to 
your Country and its Institutions. 

Thomas E. Dorsey, Colonel." 

From the Democratic Press of May 15, 1861. 

" We last week mentioned that a company of citizens, by 
law exempt from Military service in theU. S. ranks, was in 
process of enrollment in our village, to constitute a Home 
Guard. From an examination of the roll, we find that the 
signers tender their services ' to his Excellency, the Com- 


mander-in-Chief of the State of New York,' and designate 
not only company officers, but also Regimental officers. By 
the way would not the acceptance of this company by the 
Commander-in-Chief, place them under his control — and 
would it not be' in his power to order them to any point he 
might designate ? The officers designated are as follows : 

Colonel — Wm. H. Adams. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Daniel Chapman. 

Major — Lyman Sherwood. 

Captain — Wm. Sisson. 

Fir St -Lieutenant — Wm. Clark. 

Ensign — Newel Taft. 
" Below we give the names as they appeared by the roll 
on Monday evening : 

" A. Remsen, B. R. Streety, John Adams, Wm. Clark, Geo. 
R. Rudd, Wm. H. Adams, M. S. Leach, Jos. M. Demmon, 
E. W. Bottom, W. D. Perrine, Hugh Jameson, A. Snedaker, 
D. Watrous, W. Akenhead, Wm. F. Ashley, Jos. McCall, 
Jer'h Allee, Nelson Peck, Wm. Sisson, George Croul, John 
Butler, James McElwain, Ezra A. Caswell, Beekman Mead, 
Seth Smith, O. Bennett, Wm. Reynolds, John Layton, Den- 
nis McDonald, Hophni Alford, Jas. Runyan, Amos Harring- 
ton, Geo. S. Walrath, D. Chapman." 

From the Lyons Republican of May 2/\.th. 

" We have scarcely seen a more truly stirring sight this 
year than that presented in our village on Wednesday after- 
noon when the sound of drum and fife announced the com- 
ing of a noble band of old soldiers of 181 2, all residents of 
this county. 

" Up William street they came with the old-fashioned 
Union cockades on their hats and marching with much of 
the spirit that animated them fifty years ago. Some of them 
bent with years, others erect as cedars but all with the gray 
hair and furrowed brows of age. The veteran drummer 
wielded the drumsticks with a briskness that would have 
done honor to more youthful fingers, and the old guard 
stepped promptly on to their place of meeting in Prices' 

" Thos. E. Dorsey was the presiding officer, and General 
Wm. H. Adams,' Secretary. 

" Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Buck. Resolutions 
were offered by General Wm. H. Adams and unanimously 

"The old soldiers of 1812 and others exempt by reason of 
age met at Newark on Saturday, June ist. Thomas E. Dor- 
sey, President; F. U. Sheffield, Secretary. 



" It was resolved to raise a company of men between the 
ages of forty-five and seventy. 

" James P- Bartlett, F. U. Sheffield and Clark Mason were 
appointed a committee. 

" Verses written by Miss Frances Sheffield were read : 


" We stood by Columbia in days that are past, 

When the thunder of Britain was heard on her shore, 
And we will defend her just rights to the last. 
For such was the oath to our country we swore. 

" If foes from without or foes from within. 
If nursed at our side or in nations apart, 
Shall trample upon her in battle's fierce din. 
Impartial our swords from their scabbards shall start. 

" We have laid down our arms in the shade of the olive. 
We hoped nevermore their service to need. 
But our latest as first strength our country shall have. 
Nor aught be a sacrifice so she succeed." 

VARIOUS 'items. 

A meeting of the citizens of Huron was held in the Town 
Hall on Wednesday evening, May ist, 1861. 

At Red Creek a meeting was held May 4th. The Metho- 
dist Church was crowded. 

D. H. Armstrong was called to the chair and Rev. Abel 
Lyon appointed Secretary. 

Rev. Wesley Mason offered prayer, and Wm. G. Brown 
made an address ; the Chairman and J. B. Decker, Esq., also 
spoke effectively. 

A choir under Prof. Parker, sang patriotic music and 
Cartwrights' Band also outdone themselves in martial strains. 
A call was' made for volunteers and six young men of excel- 
len^t character presented themselves as such, while mothers 
and sisters standing by seemed to make the willing sacrifice 
even amid falling tears. 

Saturday, May 25th, there was a pole raising on Eddy 
Ridge, Marion. - It was a beautiful afternoon and evening. 
A splendid flag was thrown to the breeze, which had been 
procured by the efforts of Miss Emma Short, Miss Sarah 
Smith and others. 

Some attempts were made at this time to organize volun- 
teer companies, under the general laws of 1854, to be ready 


for emergencies. These subsequently gave way to other 
organizations. At Williamson and Pultney ville, fifty names 
of men were enrolled. At Marion there was a similar 
organization, of which John Burrud was chosen Captain, 
Avery S. Durfee, First Lieutenant, and Henry Allen, Ensign. 
Under date of June 12th, Captain Corning wrote a let- 
ter of thanks to citizens of Macedon for a timely contribu- 
tion of money for the benefit of his company. The letter is 
addressed to Messrs. Purdy M.Willits, D. Servoss, and others. 

East Palmyra was the scene of considerable excitement. 
A splendid liberty pole erected, at the outbreak of the war. 
was cut down. The outrage was not sufficient to daunt the 
people of this locality, another was erected, and this in turn 
was also destroyed, but was again replaced and this time was 
allowed to stand. 

Saturday, June 8th, there was a flag raising at the White 
school house, Galen. Editor Joseph A. Paine, of Clyde, was 
Chairman, Elijah Smith, Secretary. Rev. Mr. St John 
offered prayer. The school children sang patriotic pieces, 
Rev. Mr. Brown, Rev. Mr. Halliday and Judge Cowles 
made brief addresses. 

June 22d, there was a flag raising at Shepherd's Corners, 
with speeches by Messrs. Cowles and Baker, of Clyde. 

The four companies comprised the majority of the Wayne 
county volunteers, at this opening stage of the contest. 

In the western part of the county, however, there were 
quite a number of volunteers who joined the old Thirteenth 
at Rochester. 

This will appear in the lists b)' towns subsequently given 
in this volume. 

In the eastern part of the county, also, there were a num- 
ber of men who joined the Nineteenth, which was princi- 
pally a Cayug-a county regiment. This will also appear in 
the lists of the towns from which they went. 

The Nineteenth, not long after its organization, was 
changed to the Third Artillery. As such, it had a long and 
honorable career. Its history is quite fully written in " Hall's 
Cayuga in the Field." 



As Stated above, a few men from the western part of the 
county, joined the Thirteenth Infantry. This regiment was 
formed at Rochester, in the enthusiasm of the first response 
to the call of the President. 

Its ranks were rapidly filled and it was mustered into 
service May 14, 1861. 

Its first officers were : Isaac F. Quinby, Colonel ; Carl 
Stephan, Lieutenant-Colonel; Oliver L. Terry, Major; 
Charles J. Powers, Adjutant; Montgomery Rochester, 
Quartermaster ; Dana Little, Surgeon ; George W. Avery, 
Assistant Surgeon ; John D. Barnes, Chaplain. 

The nearness of Wayne county to Rochester, rendered 
the western towns fair recruiting ground for officers from 
that city. No very great number were obtained here, but 
the town lists will give the names of a few who, like many 
other patriotic .sons of old Wayne, hurried into the first and 
most convenient companies that were formed. In fact, scores 
of men from this county during all the war, were steadily 
enrolling themselves in regiments from other sections. 
Little regard was paid at first, to official honors or to local 
pride. The safety of the country was the controlling ques- 
tion, and not whether this town or that had filled its quota. 

It was some months later before there were any figures 
made as to how many any town ought to furnish. 


This regiment was better known as the Third Artillery, 

to which it was changed a few months after its organization, 

and before it bad been engaged in actual battle. As it 

received, either at the outset or not long afterwards, quite a 

number of recruits from this county, a brief mention is at 

least appropriate. It is all the more important to notice it 

because of the very early attention given by some of its 

organizers to the important crisis pressing upon the nation in 

the winter of 1860-61. In December, i860, Benjamin F. Hall, 

of Auburn, editor of a daily Republican newspaper, the Union, 

an intimate friend of Governor Seward, went of his own 

* For the substance of this account we are indebted, to the work entitled 
" Cayuga in the Field." 


accord before the Supervisors of the county then in session, 
and invited them to anticipate the expected conflict by tak- 
ing some action that would secure military preparations. It 
is belic-jed that this was the first of the kind in the State. In 
January following, Solomon Giles, Esq., a lawyer of Weeds- 
port and Captain Terrence J. Kennedy, of Auburn, a paint 
merchant by occupation and an artillery officer of long stand- 
ing in the militia, tendered their services to the Governor 
of the State for raising troops. No affirmative action was 
taken in these cases; the necessity of it was doubted. The 
suggestion of it by Mr. Hall, was even ridiculed by the 
people. A memorable Saturday in April, 1861, awoke the 
people of the North from their long dream of peace. 

On Monday, April 15th, President Lincoln proclaimed the 
rebellion and called the country to arms. 

Captain Kennedy had not waited until that hour. His 
offer in January had been declined, but as an intelligent 
student of public affairs, he watched the development of 
the treasonable designs during the winter with kindling 
interest. He could not rest. He resolved to act, though 
he had no official sanction. On the 12th day of March, a 
month before the attack on Fort Sumter, he began the forma- 
tion of an artillery company in Auburn, to be held in readi- 
ness for service in case of an outbreak in the South. An 
enlistment paper was prepared in these words : 

" We, the undersigned, hereby pledge our words of honor to 
associate together for the purpose of forming a light artillery 
company to serve as long as the war shall last." 

This document was a historical one and, if still in exist- 
ence, should be prized as a memorial of that eventful period 
— a paper worthy to be enshrined in public archives or 
handed down to the succeeding generations of Captain 
Kennedy's family. It was signed first by Kennedy and next 
by John Poison. In the course of twenty days five men had 
signed the roll. 

After the capture of Fort Sumter an office was opened in 
the armory. By April lytk, Kennedy had 130 men. He heard 
that the Governor could only accept infantry. Then he 
disbanded his company and began over again. Forty of his 
artillery company immediately re-enlisted with him as 



infantry. By the 22d of April he again had a full company, 
and so reported to Albany. Some delay in the preparation 
of formal papers made his company rank second from 
Cayuga county, but to Captain Kennedy must be awarded 
the credit of remarkable foresight and a clearer appreciation 
of the coming events than is recorded of any other man in 
the entire State. His name must have been the earliest in 
the State to be actually appended to an enhstment paper. 
The formation of the regiment was a rapid affair. Little 
effort was required to obtain men, and even less expense. No 
bounties were offered. Very little personal solicitation was 
resorted to. 

Captain John T. Baker's company, designated " A," was 
mustered in, April 24, 1861, by Brigadier-General Jesse 
Segoine, of the State Militia. Captain Kennedy's " B " on 
the same day. Captain James E. Ashcroft, of Seneca Falls, 
offered Company " C." He had been for sometime previous 
at the head of an independent Zouave organization, and in 
November, i860, had tendered the services of his company 
to the Governor, to go to the field, in case of war. It was 
not accepted. His compan}^ of volunteers, rapidly raised, 
partly from the Zouaves, was mustered in April 26th. Owen 
Gavigan raised a company in one day — a memorable Sunday, 
April 2ist — sixty-five men went directly from the Catholic 
church after mass and signed the roll at the Armory. It 
became Company D. Theodore H. Schenck, a young lawyer 
of Auburn, raised a Company, E, in five days. Nelson T. 
Stephens, Esq., of Moravia, organized Company F. It was 
mustered in May 6th. Captain Charles H. Stewart, of 
Auburn, offered Company G, and it was sworn in on the 6th. 
Captain Solomon Giles, of Weedsport, (who had tendered 
his services to the Governor, January 20th) now offered a 
full organization, and it became Company H, sworn in May 
7th. The same day Company I, under Captain John H. 
Ammon, was mustered in. On the loth. Company K, from 
Union Springs, under Captain James R. Angel, completed 
the regiment. 

This notice of the Nineteenth has been somewhat extended, 
on account of its great interest, though the field of its work 


was beyond the lines of Wayne county. But if we glance 
through the town rolls we find that the Nineteenth had 
eight or ten members from Wolcott, about fifteen from 
Huron, four from Butler, twelve from Rose, three or four 
•from Sodus and quite a number from other parts of the 
county. A very handsome contingent was thus furnished 
from Wayne to this earliest Cayuga regiment, though 
Wayne County is scarcely mentioned in any Auburn 
accounts of the formation of this regiment. 

By the middle of the summer these early movements were 
complete. The four companies had gone to the front. 
Many had also enlisted in other regiments, until probably 
about six hundred men at this time had left Wayne County. 
It seemed to be a large number, but it was only the vanguard 
of a much larger force that was ere long to be summoned 
from the county. From all the towns, from villages and 
hamlets, from every district and neighborhood, men were 
yet to follow by scores and hundreds these first heroic volun- 




THERE was a pause in the work of enlistment. The 
four companies already described had gone from this 
county. Company B, of the Thirty-third, with its 
headquarters, while organizing, , at Palmyra; Company I, 
of the Seventeenth, at Newark ; Company B, of the Twenty- 
seventh, at Lyons ; and Company D, of the Sixty-seventh, 
at Clyde. 

The opening scenes of the war; the slaughter at Big 
Bethel, and the death of Colonel Ellsworth at Alexandria, 
were already inscribed on the early pages of the bloody 
record. And then quickly followed the disastrous battle of 
Bull Run. It became necessary to provide for a permanent 
army. The theory that the war might end in ninety days 
was already sadly dissipated. Fallen heroes had already 
been brought home for burial, but the work must go on, and 
brave men were ready. 

Regiments were formed to serve three years. Prepara- 
tions were made on a large scale for the protracted war now 
seen to be upon our hands. Congress met in special session 
July 4th. It was a memorable session. Immense supplies 
were voted. More power was given the National Govern- 
ment than had ever before been deemed necessary. The 
civil rulers were commanded by the Nation as well as by the 
Bible, not to " bear the sword in vain." 


The tragic death of young Ellsworth at Alexandria 
suggested a rallying cry for the formation of a regiment to 
be known as the " Ellsworth Avengers," and to be' composed 
of picked men of good height and first-class physical quali- 


ties — compeers of the lamented Ellsworth in age, character 
and patriotism. The men were sought for in all parts of the 
State. The County of Wayne furnished a respectable 
number of young men answering well the qualities desired. 
From the Democratic Press of Wednesday, September 25, 1861. 

" William R. Bourne, who has been recruiting for the 
Ellsworth Regiment, left on Monday last for the east with 
fifteen as fine looking and intelligent volunteers as can be 
found in the army. Large crowds assembled at the hotel 
and at the depot to see them off, but no demonstrations were 

The after record of these men and of the whole regiment 
was an honorable one. 

The local or popular name of this regiment was " The 
Ellstvorth Avengers" though its official designation was the 
Forty-fourth Infantry. 

September 17, 1861, at a patriotic meeting held at Red 
Creek, at the close of an address by J. N. Knapp, an invitation 
to enlist was followed by silence and hesitation. Just then 
Mrs. Chesebro, of Red Creek, a widow lady rose and said : 

" I have an only son ; he has just joined Captain Savery's 
company. I thank God for the gift of a son who has the 
courage and manliness to volunteer in the defense of his 

The effect of this speech was immense. In a few moments 
seven hardy recruits were added to the Hst. At the departure 
of these men, the Clyde Times of September 25th, 1861, said : 

" Huron and Rose, seem to be sending forth their sons in 
goodly numbers to help uphold the National Government. 
On Monday last nine young men, who had been recruited 
by Corporal W. W. Jones, of the Ellsworth Regiment, for 
that crack corps, left the depot at this place on the noon 
train for Albany. Seven of them were from Huron and 
two from Rose. They came into town in the morning with 
a four horse team and a flag flying, in good spirits. They 
are a fine lot of men and belong to the yeomany of Wayne, 
One among them, Mr. Milton, is an oldf printer, and a good 
machinist and will most probably handle Uncle Sam's 
' Shooting stick ' as well as the printers. 

" The names of the young men are William W. Upson, 
Henry Riggs, Milton Derby, Charles Weeks, Sidney Dowd, 
Edwin Merrill, George W. Dowd, of Huron; H. D. Barnes, 
Sidney Colvin, of Rose." 


At Port Byron and Weedsport they were joined by more 
men, and at Jordan Corporal W. W. Jones joined the com- 
pany with a squad of men. At Savannah there had also step- 
ped on board as recruits: Charles L. Barrell, William 
Moshier, A. W. Burnham. In addition we find in the Demo- 
cratic Press the following list of men who started with M. R. 

Sodus, James B. Case, Philo W. Leighton, John Booth, 
William H. Sentell, S. A. Cook, H. H. Butts, Edward B. 
Boss, Bethuel R. Winters. 

Walworth, L. L. Farnham. 

Butler, George Green. 

Ontario, C. S. T. Stamford. 

Lyons, W. R. Bourne, Thurston Foster. 

Wolcott, George Groat, Robert Douglass. 


At this time there was a large addition to a Cayuga coun- 
ty regiment, secured in the eastern part of Wayne county. 
The northern towns of Cayuga and the eastern towns of 
Wayne county were close neighbors and in the progress 
of the war many men enlisted from the one county in 
the companies being raised in the other. Elbridge G. 
Miles, of Auburn, a relative of George B. Curtis, of Huron, 
came over to see what might be done in Wayne county. 
Mr. Curtis had been in Michigan when the war broke out. 
He was a member of the Jackson Greys, an independent mili- 
tary company. On the afternoon of Sunday, April 14, while 
the news of the surrender of Fort Sumter was ringing over 
the land, and the call of the President was not yet dated, the 
company held a meeting and by a unanimous resolution ten- 
dered their service to Governor Austin Blair, residing in 
Jackson. They were subsequently accepted and served for 
three months. After their discharge Mr. Curtis had return- 
ed to Huron. He now accepted the proposition of Mr. 
Miles and went to work for the Seventy-fifth. Enlisting in 
Company H, he received promotion and had the rank of 
Captain at the time of his discharge. 

It is of so much interest to eastern Wayne that we add 
an account of the organization of the Seventy-fifth though 


we thereby give quite a paragraph of Caj'uga county 
history. For the substance of this account we are indebted 
to " Hall's Cayuga in the field." In some cases the language 
of that volume is used without deeming it necessary to 
repeat this general acknowledgment. 

The disastrous battle of Bull Run was fought on the 21st 
of July, 1861. On the 25th, in response to the President's 
demand, Governor Morgan issued a proclamation caUing 
for 25,000 volunteers. Though one regiment had gone from 
old Cayuga, it w^as immediately resolved to raise and send 
another from the same locaHty. There was some delay in 
the vifork. Over a month passed before active steps were taken 
for the enlistment of men and the organization of a battalion. 
Yet during that interval, the subject was widly discussed in 
public by leading citizens and deeply but more silently pour 
dered at the firesides. On the 2nd of September, John A. 
Dodge, at that time Lieutenant-Colonel of the Fortv-ninth 
New York State Militia, met with a number of the leading 
citizens of the County of Cayuga to devise methods for rapid 
enlistment, and for the formation of an entire regiment 
instead of simply a battalion as at one time intended. 

Authority was duly obtained from Albany, and recruiting 
commenced September 7th. Clinton D. McDougall reported 
a company filled to the minimum in three days. Two days 
after, September 12th, Truman K. Fuller and William H. 
Cray offered two more companies. Recruiting parties went 
all over Cayuga county and into Seneca county, and crossed 
the border into Wayne. 

Charles C. D wight and Luther, Goodrich soon reported 
two more companies. Henry B. Fitch enrolled a company 
largely of Seneca county men, John E. Savery and John 
Choate contributed two more commands. Lansing 
Porter receiving thirty recruits raised by Kellogg Beach, 
soon offered the ninth company. 

The volume from which we are quoting makes no mention 
of Wayne county in describing the organization of this com- 
mand. By an examination of the town lists in this work it 
will be seen that Huron furnished about twenty-five men, 
George B.Curtis, John N. Knight and their associates; Wol- 


cott forty or more, Stephen E. Bullock, Edward H. Cooke 
and a strong band of comrades ; Butler twenty-five or thirty, 
Volney Sweeting, Samuel Armstrong and others, represen- 
tatives of the leading families in town ; Savannah fifteen or 
more, Charles E. Knapp, Cornelius Lovell and a good list 
of comrades. There were also a few from other towns. 

The regiment went into camp in the suburbs of Auburn, 
October 14th, and their post was given the name of "Camp 
Cayuga." They were taught the manual of arms by Colo- 
nel Dodge, whose long connection with the State militia and 
his familiarity with the tactics eminently qualified him for the 
work. Robert B. Merritt, who had had three years experi- 
ence at West Point, was promoted to the Lieutenant-Col- 
onelcy of the regiment. The field and staff officers complete 
were John A. Dodge, Colonel ; Robert B. Merritt, Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel ; Willoughby Babcock, Major ; Edward B. Lan- 
sing, Adjutant; Lewis E. Carpenter, Quartermaster; 
Michael D. Benedict, Surgeon ; Cyrus Powers, Assistant 
Surgeon ; Thomas B. Hudson, Chaplain. 

The six weeks at Camp Cayuga were characterized by 
constant drill, dress parades, attended by the fair and fashion 
of the city ; an occasional parade through the streets of 
Auburn ; visits, delicacies, and presents from friends ; the 
presentation of a stand of colors from the ladies of Auburn ; 
a final muster into the service of the United States ; and a 
pleasant Thanksgiving day. 

On Saturday, the 30th of November, the regiment, 854 
strong, left Auburn for the front, wherever that might be, 
taking with them the tearful " God speed " of many dear and 
loving ones at home. The Seventy-fifth was not only splen- 
didly officered but it was made up of excellent material ; men 
who had not hastily enlisted for a holiday parade ; men who 
went out with no expectation that the struggle would end in 
ninety days, as was thought six months before. They went 
as the intelligent, patriotic citizens of these counties, as men 
who had read and thought, who knew the peril of the coun- 
try and the danger to themselves personally. Knowing all 
this, and expecting a long and bloody struggle, they nobly, 
bravely left all the endearments of home at the sacred call of 



Among the other regiments which received additions from 
Wayne county in the fall of 1861, was the ninetieth. This 
regiment was organized at New York city. The companies 
generally of which it was composed were raised in the coun- 
ties of New York, Kings and Queens ; but company D had 
a large number of men from Clyde and a few from other 
towns of the county. The regiment was mustered into the ser- 
vice of the United States from September to December, 1861. 
The account of this regiment given in a subsequent chapter 
and the individual records of the men from Wayne will give 
much information in relation to the whole. The men went 
out by fives or tens, or even singly. Their departure was 
unnoticed by public demonstrations or by meetings and 
processions. They were, however, important additions to a 
regiment that was destined to a brave career, enduring not 
only battle but pestilence — not only the dangers of the field 
but the horrors of the hospital. 

In the fall of 1861, while Wayne county men were enlist- 
ing in various regiments, there were a few who became 
members of the Ninety-sixth Infantry. The regiment was 
organized at Plattsburgh, N. Y., to serve three years. The 
companies of which it was composed were raised mostly in 
the counties of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Warren and Wash- 
ington. They were mustered into the service of the United 
States from February, 1862, to March 7th, 1862. On the 
expiration of its term of service the veterans and recruits 
were continued under the same organization until February 
6, 1866. Its service as a whole was therefore about four years. 
It was always in fighting order and neary all the time was 
on the line of actual fighting. The Adjutant General's report 
names thirty-one battles in which the Finety-sixth was 



This organization was formed in the fall of 1861, and was 
largely recruited in Wayne county. The experience of six 
months of war had shown conclusively that no immediate 
triumph was possible. Enlistments for the Eighth cavalry 


were made with much enthusiasm. Citizens were active in 
promoting the success of the organization. Recruits were 
obtained in nearly all the western towns of the county. The 
men from Sodus left for Newark escorted by a long procession 
of teams loaded with the friends of tne volunteers. Flags 
were waving, bouquets of flowers were tendered by the ladies 
and the whole population waved their farewell from house 
and street. Similar scenes characterized other towns. 

Of Captain Dickinson's company we find the following 
account in the Rochester Union of September 2i, 1861 : 

" Last evening a fine cavalry company consisting of sixty- 
four men arrived here from Wayne County to go into the 
depot which Messrs. Crooks and Marshall have opened 
under the auspices of the State at the Fair Grounds. The 
company fell into line after leaving the cars and marched to 
the United States rendezvous on State street, where Cap- 
tain Marshall promptly mustered them into the service of 
the United States. The corps then preceded to the Ameri- 
can Hotel and elected officers as follows : Captain, J. W. 
Dickinson, of Newark ; First Lieutenant, John W. Brown, 
of Sodus; Second Lieutenant, Fred W. demons, of Pal- 
myra. There was some honorable strife in regard to the 
election of officers which chiefly turned on the office of 
First Lieutenant. J. N. Miller, of Palmyra, was thrice 
elected and declined to serve ; but the company insisted 
that they could not dispense with his services. He how- 
ever insisted that he must be excused and urged the elec- 
tion of his friend, Mr. Brown, who was entirely acceptable. 

"This is as fine a body of men as we have seen in the 

" They were recruited by Captain Dickinson chiefly in 
Newark, Palmyra, Sodus and Phelps. 

" They came here sixty-four strong, and the remainder to 
make the maximum seventy-five will shortly follow." 


In the fall of 1861, as has already appeared, various regi- 
ments formed elsewhere, made Wayne county their recruit- 
ing ground. A Kttle later the proposition to form an entire 
regiment took shape and was pushed for a time with con- 
siderable hope of success. But in the summer and early 
fall men went " here and there and all over. " Among 
these outside organizations which drew upon the patriotism 


of the sons of Wayne county was the Tenth Cavalry. This 
regiment was organized at Elmira to serve three years. 

The companies of which it was composed were raised in 
the counties of Chemung, Chenango, Cortland, Erie, Ful- 
ton, Onondaga and Steuben. On the expiration of its term 
of service, the original members, except veterans and 
recruits, were mustered out and the regiment composed of 
the veterans and the recruits retained in service until June 
17, 1865, when it was consolidated with the Twenty-fourth 
Cavalry and the consolidated force was designated as the 
First Provisional Cavalry and this organization was mus- 
tered out July 19, 1865. 

The regiment was known as the Porter Guard. It had 
an active, honorable career. The report of the Adjutant- 
General of 1868, which purports to give a summary state- 
ment of all the regiments organized by New York during 
the war, reports the Tenth Cavalry as having been engaged 
in twenty battles : Leesburg, Brandy Station, Middleburgh, 
Gettysburgh, ShepardstOAvn, Sulphur Springs, Auburm 
Mine Run, Todd's Tavern, Fortifications of Richmond, 
Hawes Shop, Cold Harbor, Trevillian Station, St. Mary's 
Church, Malvern Hill, Charles City Cross Roads, Ream's 
Station, Vaughn Road, Boydton Road, and Bellefield. 

It does not appear what led Wayne County men into this 
regiment except some acquaintance b}' parties organizing it 
with men in this county. 

Martin H. Blynn, of Rose, who was promoted Major of 
the regiment doubtless had much influence in securing men 
from this section of the county.. John H. Kemper, of 
Newark, who became Captain and was also very early pro- 
moted Major also exerted a home influence in favor of the 
Tenth Cavalry. 

This organization originated in Wayne county, with the 
purpose of forming an entire regiment within our limits. 
Though this design was not successful, and though a major- 
ity of the regiment was finally taken from another section of 
the State, yet it was known for some time locally as the 
Wayne County Regiment. The idea was perhaps first broach- 


ed in the Democratic Press, immediately upon the outbreak 
of the war.* 

From the Democratic Press, April 2^, l86i. 

" The times of peril awaken the patriotism of our people. 
The all-pervading sentiment is ' Our Union and our Consti- 
tution.' Companies are being formed all over the land and 
our citizens respond to their country's calls with an alacrity 
never witnessed since the days of the Revolution. A volun- 
teer company is now being enrolled in this place, which, we 
doubt not will receive the required number of names before 
we go to press. Those desirous of serving will find the roll 
at Captain Welling's office. 

" Wayne county ought to form a regiment within her own 
bounds. Let the people of each town take the matter in 
hand. In the small towns, perhaps it might be necessary for 
two to join together in forming a company. The canal 
towns can form one in each and have men to spare. We 
hope our people will move in this matter. There is no time 
to lose." 

The company then being enrolled, however, became Com- 
pany B, of the Twenty-seventh. The one at Newark was 
attached to the Seventeenth as Company I. The Palmyra 
company joined the Thirty-third as Company B. The early 
volunteers at Clyde largely joined the Sixty-seventh. The 
men from other towns joined with these or drifted into 
other organizations, a few here and a few there. 

But after the defeat at Bull Run, when it began to be seen 
that many men must yet enter the armies of the Union, the 
idea of an entire regiment from Wayne again began to be 
entertained, and later in the year it took definite shape. 

In the Democratic Press of October 20, 1861, we find the 
following article : 


" The formation of a Regiment in Wayne county, and the 
establishment of a militarv rendezvous at this place are both 
settled points. The work of recruiting is progressing finely, 
and already nearly half of the companies are formed. Rev. 
William Putnam, of the Baptist Church, is now zealously 
engaged in the formation of a company. 

* One of the resolutions at the meeting in Williamson of April 39, proposed 
to raise and equip a full regiment. 


" The barracks, we understand, will be built upon the Fair 
Grounds — a very desirable location, provided Clyde river 
remains loyal, and does not get up an ' invasion.' Floral 
Hall is already being fitted up for the accommodation of the 
first companies ordered into barracks. 

" Since writing the above we have conversed with one of 
the committee appointed to complete arrangements for the 
proposed regiment. He informs us that beds and blankets 
for 100 men would be sent from Albany forthwith, and ere 
this are received. The residue will be sent forward as fast 
as they mav be needed. 

" Captain Kreutzer's company, on Monday last, numbered 
seventy men, and we presume it is full to-day. 

" Captain Seagrist commenced enrolling on Saturday, and 
obtained about twenty the first day. He is a German and 
proposes filling up his company with his own countryman. 

" Several other skeleton companies are formed, the officers 
of whom we have not been able to ascertain, nor the number 
of men enrolled. 

" Thus it will be seen, that old Wayne, after furnishing four 
full companies during the summer besides a large number of 
recruits for foreign regiments, will now place an entire new 
regiment in the field, and that too in a shorter space of time 
than is usuall}' consumed in forming a single company. She 
is ready to respond to the call of our country for men. 

" As we have stated elsewhere, we trust no man will be 
found enlisting in any other regiment before the Wayne 
County Regiment is full." 

The first definite movement was begun at a meeting held 
at Price Hall, Lyons, Wednesday, October 23d. Rev. Wm. 
Putnam was Chairman and Dr. David, Secretary. Remarks 
were made by Mr. Putnam, Wm. Clark, Esq., J. T. Macken- 
zie and D. H. Devoe. Committees were appointed as fol- 
lows : Palmyra, S. B. Smith, Wm. H. Southwick ; Arcadia, 
S. K. Williams, S. M. Bloomer; Lyons, H. G. Dickinson,. 
Wm. Clark, M. Brownson ; Galen, Seth Smith, J. Tremper; 
Savannah, R. W. Evans, James M. Servis ; Wolcott, B. S. 
Booth, E. N. Plank ; Sodus, Merritt Thornton, W. T. Gay- 
lord ; Huron, Wm. Dutton, A. P. Crafts, EHas Cady ; Will- 
iamson, Captain Wakely, Dr. A. G. Austin, John M. Rey- 
nolds; Butler, Andrew Spencer, John E. Hough; Macedon, 
Thomas Mead, Wm. Lawrence; Marion, Pardon Durfee, 
Israel McOmber ; Ontario, A. W. Casey, W. E. Greenwood ; 
Rose, Wm. H. H. Valentine, Eron N. Thomas. 


A central committee was also appointed to have general 
charge of the enterprise consisting of Saxon B. Gavitt, 
James P. Bartle, Cullen Foster, E. W. Bottom, W. H. 
Southwick, Isaac Miller. 

The enlistments for the Ninety-eighth commenced about 
the 1st of November. 

Captain Kreutzer with Lieutenants Rogers and Norton, 
was principally at work in Lyons. 

Captain Wm. Putnam, assisted by John L. Cole and P. H. 
Pope, also had his headquarters at Lyons. 

Captain Charles R. Birdsall, whose headquarters were 
mostly at Palmyra. He was assisted in the work by Warren 
Sherman, of Lyons, and Eugene Elmendorf, of Palmyra. 

Captain Wm. Bell, of Montezuma, also engaged in form- 
ing a company assisted by Lieutenant K. T. Hurlburt. of 
Lyons. They had a recruiting office at Savannah. 

Captain Henry Segrist, of Lyons, undertook to form a 
German company. He was joined in the work by Jacob 
Wismer of Palmyra and T. C. Zimmerman of Newark. 

Wm. W. Agett, of Lyons, also contemplated raising a 

Mr. Frank Morley, of Sodus Point, also commenced a 
movement for a company, to consist largely of lake sailors 
and of farmers in that vicinity. 

Rev. Allen G. Russell, principal of Marion Collegiate 
Institute, Captain of the Marion Home Guards, had been 
drilling during the summer and now gave aid to the work. 

The Lyons Republican of November 8th, 1861, contains the 
following : 


" Since our last issue, the work of raising the Wayne 
County Regiment has satisfactorily progressed. Floral Hall 
has been fitted for the accommodation of several companies, 
and Captain Kreutzer's company and a portion of Captain 
Wakely's company are now in the barracks. Captain W. was 
under obligations to go to Staten Island with his recruits 
before the organization of the regiment here was commenced, 
but after a brief sojourn there, concluded that it would be 
wise to enrol his men where they would be welcomed — at 
home. Captain W. served in the Mexican War, and will 
prove a valuable acquisition to us. 


" Floral Hall is found to be ample for the accommodation 
of the Regiment, by building berths in and beneath the gal- 
leries, leaving free the central space ; and it is pronounced 
by those from other depots to be just the thing. Any degree 
of warmth and ventilation that is desired, can be had. The 
kitchen arrangements in the rear will soon be completed, 
leaving a parade ground in front. 

" Colonel Button is in town, but will be absent on busi- 
ness of his own all or most of next week ; after which 
time he will enter formally upon his duties as commandant. 
Colonel D. has visited several regimental depots, and inspect- 
ed their internal and external arrangements for the accommo- 
dation of troops ; and "he is of opinion that for comfort, con- 
venience and commodiousness, the Lyons depot is in advance 
of anything of the kind he has seen. 

" The work of recruiting goes on briskly. We are with- 
out the number of men already raised for each company, 
but are informed that the officers are entirely satisfied with 
the result of their labors. We shall before long publish a 
complete list of the names of members of each company. 

" We learn that a company is being raised in Galen by 
Messrs. J. Tremper and |. T. Van Buskirk ; and one in Rose 
by Mr. W. H. H. Valentine." 

Prof. William Kreutzer, Principal of the Union School at 
Lyons entered into the movement with energy and issued 
the following address : 


" Citizens of Wayne, we must fight ! I repeat it, we must 
fight ! The heritage of our fathers, our country, callsto arras ! 
The sacred principles of the Declaration of Independence 
and the rights pledged by the Constitution are denied, dis- 
regarded and desecrated. Our countrymen can no longer in 
security, enjoy ' life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness ;' 
and our beloved Capital is beleaguered by the banded hosts 
of traitorous plunderers. How long shall the blush for this 
foul disgrace tinge the cheeks of the children of Revolution- 
ary fathers? Shall history ever have to say that the glorious 
boon of Union and Liberty, given us by the her6es of Bun- 
ker Hill and Saratoga, was snatched from our nerveless and 
degenerate grasp by the hireling arms of the office seekers 
and politicians of a disaffected and sectional minority ? 

"We propose to do what we can to avert so great a 
calamity. We should lose no time, let us rally and march. 
The enemy is already in the field, why stand we here idle? 
Every gale that sweeps from the South to the North brings 


to our ears the clash of resounding arms ! What hope have 
we longer ? If we return, all to whom human rights are 
dear will welcome us with extended arms. If we die, Prov- 
idence will never give us a better chance to fall in a more 

glorious cause. 

" How sleep the brave who sink to rest 
With all their country's wishes blest ; 
When Spring with dewy fingers cold. 
Returns to deck their hallowed mould ? 

" It is sweet to die for our country ; and those who have 
fallen for the rights of man, glorious beyond the common lot 
of mortals, how does posterity sing their praises and delight 
to hear their names. 

" Wayne County is in the field for an entire regiment. Our 
company has the inside track. It is the first in the field, and 
will therefore be entitled to the post of honor. We invite 
our friends to share with us a soldier's toils, and painful self- 
denials, and a soldier's battle joys. 

W. Kreutzer." 

Captain Kreutzer had previously been engaged in raising 
a rifle company, and had enrolled thirty or forty men. He 
now turned his efforts with vigor towards forming the 
Wayne County Regiment. 

Saxon B. Gavitt was at this time a man of all work. Now 
at Lyons, now at Albany, here, there, and everywhere. 
Pending the actual organization he was a time in command of 
Camp Rathbone, though he wore no military titles. In looking 
after camp equipage, in providing supplies, in urging forward 
enlistments, in securing action by State officials, in cutting 
red tape generally, and bringing plans to completion he dis- 
played practical talent of the highest order, and rendered 
patriotic services of greafvalue. He was ably assisted by oth- 
ers, who were like him only civilians. If this volume is 
devoted to recording the deeds of military men principally, 
yet there will appear in various places the untiring work of 
citizens, who gave time, money and labor to providing for 
the comfort and support of those who volunteered ; who 
wielded all their personal and official influence to push the 
work of forming regiments, and raising the necessary funds. 

Under date of December 20th, 1861, it appears that six 
companies for the Ninety-eighth were in process of organiza- 


Company A — Captain Kreutzef, had ninety men. 
Company B — Captain Wakely, had sixty men. 
Company C — Captain Birdsall, had forty -five men. 
Company D — Captain Williams, had fifty men. 
Company E — Captain Danforth, had thirt3'-two men. 
Company F — Captain Clark, had thirty-two men. 

Captain Danforth was from Geneva, Captain Williams 
from Canandaigua, Captain Clark from Rochester. 


It was not possible for a national contest of such magni- 
tude to proceed without invoking the attention of the 
county authorities. It was very soon evident that heavy 
financial liabilities must be assumed beyond the power of 
individual patriotism or individual benevolence. Official 
action would doubtless have been taken earlier than it was, 
had it not been that Boards of .Supervisors found themselves 
utterly without legal authority for any such emergency. 
Indeed many steps were taken on the faith of the future 
authority which it was assumed the Legislature would cer- 
tainly grant as soon as there was opportunity for that body 
to convene, and the subject be considered. But even then the 
full requirements of the times were not seen and the Legis- 
lature itself did not make all necessary provisions at any one 
session. Legislation proceeded only so fast as the necessity 
clearly appeared. A review of these separate and special acts 
is not necessary to the purposes of this local work, and we 
turn at once to the action of the Board of Supervisors and 
the county authorities. 

At the annual meeting in November, 1861, on motion of 
Supervisor Bartlett R. Rogers, of Lyons, the following reso- 
lution was adopted : 

" Whereas, By the report of the County Treasurer of this 
county it appears that there are in his hands moneys collect- 
ed from the inhabitants of this county denominated Military 
Funds amounting to the sum of $2,140.30; and, whereas, the 
unsettled state of the county requires the offer of additional 
inducements to recruit its military force; and, whereas, 
there is now a regimental organization in this count)^ in prog- 
ress, in the success of which the members of this board 
desire to express their warmest sympathy; and, whereas, 



this board is not empowered to levy any tax for the purpose 
above expressed ; therefore, 

" Resolved, That the members of the Legislature from this 
county and the Senator from the Wayne and Cayuga district, 
be requested to procure the passage of a law appropriating 
$2,140.30, or such sum as may be remaining in the hands of 
the Treasurer of this county, denominated Military Fund, 
to be paid by the Treasurer equally as bounty moneys, on 
the certificate of the paymaster of said regiment, counter- 
signed by the commandant thereof to all persons who shall 
hereafter enlist, be accepted and mustered into said regiment 
of New York volunteers when said regiment shall be proven 
to be full and complete, by the certificate of such command- 
ing officer; and that the clerk of this Board transmit copies 
of this resolution to the Senator and Members of Assembly 

We add a few items occurring near the. close of the year. 
From the Clyde Times of December 11, 1 86 1 . 

" We have forwarded diagrams of mittens and instruc- 
tions for making them to Mrs. E. N. Plank, of Wolcott, and 
Mrs. Dr. Sweeting, of South Butler, who we. presume will 
be pleased to show them to the friends of the soldiers." 

In September several recruits went forward for the Han- 
cock Guards as follows : 

H. C. Hoffman, J. F. Secum, Champion Wentworth, 
Augustus M. Perry, of Clyde. 

S. Teetor, J. H. Teetor, S. C. Dey, G. W. Argyle, of Port 

C. W. Perkins, of Alton. 

C. Stone, South Sodus. 

The spirit of the religious bodies is well shown by the fol- 
lowing resolutions of the Baptist Association at its annual 
meeting September, 1861 : 

"Whereas, The Baptist denomination has in its entire 
history been characterized by the spirit and form of 
Democracy, and in its recognition of God in human govern- 
ment, and that the powers of government are ordained of 
Him by turning the minds of men to act in the elective 
franchise in choosing men to rule who have the fear of God 
before them : And, whereas, Providence has to do with 
national as well as individual sins, and is the great regulat- 
ing agency of all existence ; therefore. 


" Resolved, That while we most deeply feel the chastening 
rod of civil war upon us, casting its dark shadow upon the 
most sacred interests of our beloved country, yet in it we 
can see the hand of God, and will trust it may purify us as a 

" Resolved, That we deem the present conflict of our Nation 
as just in trying to maintain the best Government ever 
bequeathed to our people, and do most heartily sympathize 
with it in its present trials. 

''Resolved, That we deem it our duty to aid and abet in 
every possible way, movements wisely set in motion by the 
powers that be to break the power of the Rebellion and give 
to political offenders their just civil retribution. 

" Resolved, That we deem all compromise with rebels and 
traitors against our Government as opposed to the wish of 
Heaven, as indicated by Providence and that nothing but 
their complete subjection to the Government our fathers 
established will meet the demands." 

A Soldiers' Aid Society was organized at Macedon in the 
fall of 1 861 and did a flourishing business. 

Captain A. Wakely, of Williamson, was in the Mexican 
War and thus brought to the work of organizing the Ninety- 
eighth valuable practical experience. 

In September, 1861, at Marion, there was an interest- 
ing incident, in the purchase of a horse for James 
Bromfield, who joined an artillery regiment at Utica. Over 
two hundred dollars was raised. Judson N. Pond, J. A. 
Laing, Captain Lakey, Charles Van Ostrand, with many 
others, were active in this movement. 

Tuesday evening, September 10, Captain Andrew Wilson 
from Company I, of the Seventeenth, addressed a meeting 
at Marion. Several enlistments took place on the spot. 
George D. Prentice, N. W. Haynes, Milo B. Kellogg, 
George H. Durfee. 

Company E, of the Fifty-fourth miHtia, at Palmyra, 
during the summer and fall of 1861, took great pains in 
its drills and parades, and maintained that military spirit 
which, at a later stage of the war, led a large number of its 
members to join the volunteer forces for active duty in the 


Tuesday, September 3d, the ladies of Palmyra gave a 
complimentary banquet to Company E, at Floral Hall. The 
Macedon band joined in the festivities. 


From the Palmyra Courier of September 20, 1861. 

" For the past week Mr. Frederick W. demons, of this 
village, has been obtaining recruits for Captain Dickinson's 
Company of Cavalry, now forming at Newark. 

" Quite a number of the finest young men of the village 
have been enrolled, and yesterday they left for Rochester, 
where they will remain some three or four weeks under 
instruction. This gallant company will probably be attached 
to Colonel Crook's Regiment. 

" Mr. F. W. demons has been very active in obtaining 
recruits, and we are gratified to learn that he will undoubt- 
edly receive a Lieutenant's commission. The following are 
the recruits : 

" F. W. demons, J. Emerson Reeves, George W. Clark, 
W. H. Moore, George H. Randall, George A. Culver, 
Charles W. Bennett, A. Butts, Samuel P. Thompson, 
Jacob Zeigler, Edwin Henderson, Thomas Welch, Lyman. 
H. Essex, Samuel Favor, George Hurgate. 

" At Marion the inhabitants turned out en masse to see 
the volunteers of September 10, 1861, with four others, off 
for the field. 

" The stand of colors belonging to the Collegiate Institute 
was borne by Allen Russell and E. A. Percy, for the gentle- 
men, and Miss F. A. Wheadon and E. M. Allen, for the 

" The procession was led by Dr. House. John A. Laing 
spoke. Rev. Amasa Stanton presented each with a testa- 

" Mr. E. M. Allen presented a flag on behalf of the students. 
Mr. James Galloway, on behalf of seven citizens, presented 
Milo Kellogg a revolver. Other enlistments followed 
in a day or two : Mr. Raymer and Herman Bradley." 

In September, Mr. John W. Corning, commenced to active- 
ly recruit for his father's company — Company B,- Thirty- 
third Infantry. He had scarcely reached the line of early 
manhood, and threw into this work all his youthful energy 
and enthusiasm. 

The recruits left for Rochester, September 21st, and for 
Washington, September 25th : John W. Corning, Munson G. 
Hill, James Van Dyne, James Vosburgh, Lewis Camp, 
George Goodell, Barney McGuire, Charles W. Bennett, 
Samuel F. Dennis, John Shear, Hubbard Moss, William 
Percy, John Murphy. 



THE year opened with the Ninety-eighth Infantry in 
camp at Lyons. The work of organization had been 
earnestly urged forward and at one time, as already 
shown, six or seven companies were likely to be filled to the 
maximum. Many of these plans however failed. The peo- 
ple had not yet risen to the full necessities of the times as 
they did nine months later after the great defeat before 
Richmond. There was not yet the clear apprehension of 
the magnitude of the contest which a year later was evident 
to all. Besides other plans were all this time caUing the 
attention of men elsewhere. Three companies, however, were 
enrolled. ' The others that were projected did not complete 
their organization as rapidly as they hoped and a consolida- 
tion with some other regiment similarly situated became 
necessary. Negotiations were opened with a Franklin 
County Regiment but a union was not immediately con- 

It had been definitely decided early in January, 1862, that 
the Lyons Regiment should remain here until six companies 
should complete their organization and fill up their ranks. 
Colonel Buttons efforts to secure this called out a compli- 
mentary supper from the officers, an account of which is 
here given from the newspapers of the day : 


" On Monday last, the officers of the Wayne County 
Reo-iment, learning that Colonel Button had been successful 
in procuring permission from the authorities to remain in 
camp at Lyons until six companies are filled, (instead of 


consolidating at once with a foreign regiment), and desiring 
to give evidence of their esteem of the Colonel as an officer 
and as a man, called a meeting and passed resolutions that 
the companies turn out on parade and meet him at the 
depot, and that a complimentary supper be given at Gra- 
ham's hotel that evening, by the officers. Lieutenants Chap- 
man, Cutter and Rudd were appointed a committee to make 
arrangements for the supper, and Lieutenants Norton, L. 
A. Rogers and W. H. Rogers, a Committee to draft reso- 

" The supper was served at half-past eight o'clock. After 
the discussion of the choice viands with which the tables 
were loaded, the Committee presented the following address 
and resolutions : 
" To Colonel Wm. Button : 

" Sir — At a meeting of the Officers of your command, 
the following preamble and resolutions were unanimously 
adopted : 

" Whereas, Colonel Wm. Button, after untiring efforts, 
has completed arrangements whereby those who have been 
designated as officers of the different organizations now 
composing his command, are enabled to retain their respect- 
ive positions, thus relie\ring the entire command from the 
general depression which had settled down upon them at 
the thought of being separated from his command ; there- 

" Resolved, That the officers of Colonel Button's command 
regard it their duty, and do hereby express their most sin- 
cere thanks to their commander for the untiring services 
he has rendered them. 

" Resolved, That in consideration of the many services ren- 
dered us by our commander, he is entitled to our highest 
regard and esteem. 

''Resolved, That it is the sincere wish of all the officers 
connected with this command, and of the different organi- 
zations, that whenever we shall be called to the field of bat- 
tle, or whatever position we may be placed in, that we 
retain our present commander. 

B. L. Norton, ) 

L. A. Rogers, }• Committee. 

W. H. Rogers, ) 

" Colonel Button replied briefly and appropriately in 
acknowledgment of the compliment paid him, and sat down 
amid the cheers of the company. Regular and volunteer 
toasts were then presented, to which replies were made by 
one and another as they were called upon. The party- 
broke up at a comparatively early hour." 


Under date of January 17, 1862, we find the following 
mention of " Camp Rathbone," the war-like description by 
which the now peaceful Lyons Fair Ground was then 
known : 


" The camp is visited every day by scores of people from 
the country who have friends there, who are desirous of 
learning from actual observation how the soldiers are treat- 
ed and how they live. We believe that the universal con- 
clusion is that a better ordered camp cannot be found any- 
where; that the men are comfortably housed, well fed and 
warmly clothed ; in short, that they are afforded all the 
comforts and liberty compatible with camp life and the 
thorough discipline which is at all times maintained. 

" The men have been boarded, for two or three weeks past, 
in the building on McCall's Tile Factory lot, to which suit- 
able and sufficient additions have been made. Mr. McCall 
superintends the Subsistence Department, and is the acting 
partner of the contracting firm, (Messrs. S. B. Gavitt, E. W. 
Bottum and Jos. McCall.) It is sufficient praise to say that 
under his management of this department, everybody is sat- 
isfied. The provisions are at all times well cooked and 
promptly served, and in abundance and variety sufficient to 
satisfy any reasonable person. The cooking is done by 

The Syracuse Journal says that " Mr. F. H. Palmeter, who 
is acting Quartermaster, fulfills the duties of the post with 
fideUty and in a manner to win the approval of the military 
authorities." Everybody who knows how faithfully Quarter- 
master Palmeter discharges his duties, will heartily endorse 
the Journal's compliment. The Journal says of Colonel 
Button : 

" He is one of the best of officers. His military education 
qualifies him for the position, and his vigilance and gen- 
tlemanly bearing secure to him the warm attachment and 
respect of his men." 

A Regimental Prayer-Meeting is held in the barracks on 
Friday evening of each week. All of the men attend these 
meetings, and considerable interest in the exercises is mani- 
fested. Clergymen and others from the village are cordially 
invited to attend these meetings. 

The general health of the camp is good, there being but 
few men in the hospital, and none ,of these dangerously ill. 


The proposed consolidation was only temporarily delayed 
Charles Durkee, of Franklin county, whose efforts had 
entitled his friends to expect for him a commission as 
Colonel, patriotically consented to take the second place, this 
leaving to Colonel Button the command of the united 
organizations. The newspapers announced the consolida- 
tion as follows : 

From the Democratic Press of January 31,1 862. 

" After all the Wayne County Regiment is doomed to lose 
its identity. A consolidation has been effected with the 
Frankhn County Regiment, which largely outnumbers ours, 
and of course is entitled to its due share of field officers. 
The Franklin County Regiment, according to the Adjutant- 
General's report, numbered 611 men on the last day of 
December, and the Wayne County Regiment at the time 
of the consolidation, about 400. 

" The Regiment is now duly formed and is numbered the 
Ninety-eighth, and officered as follows, the officers having 
been mustered into the U. S. service : 

Colonel — William Button, of Wayne. 

Lieutenant-Colonel — Charles Burkee, of Franklin. 

Major— KVooxv Mann, 

Adjutant Hobbs. 

Quartermaster — George H. Clarke, Rochester. 

Quartermaster s Sergeant — W. Hunt Rogers, of Wayne. 

Surgeon — William G. Bavid, of Wayne. 
" It became necessay to consolidate the six already formed 
organizations here, into three. This no doubt has done or 
will do great injustice to some of the officers, who have 
devoted their time and money to the raising of recruits, and 
who will now have to go into the ranks or accept of some- 
thing but little better. In addition to this, the formation of 
three companies here will leave about one hundred men in 
the hands of recruiting officers unattached. Since the con- 
solidation, there has been an uncommon sight of caucussing 
and fixing up among the line officers. 

" The arrangement, as perfected, is probably the best that 
could be devised, and we believe gives general satisfaction, 
although it leaves some three or four unprovided for, who 
have spent much time and money in the cause. 

" Colonel Button is entitled to much credit for the skillful 
manner in which he has arranged the organization of the 
regiment — he having only about one-third of the men com- 
posing the regiment. 


" The regiment will leave here as soon as the prelimina- 
ries can be arranged. , It is the desire of Colonel Dutton 
that the men be paid off here, and that the regiment at once 
proceed to the place ordered without making any stop on 
the way. s j f 

" The three companies furnished by the Wayne County 
Regiment for the Ninety-eighth are officered as follows : 

Captain — William Kreutzer. 

First Lieutenant — D. L. Norton, 

Second Lieutenant — L. A. Rogers. 

Captain — A. Wakelee. 

First Lieutenant — William H. Adams, 

Second Lieutenant — E. M. Allen. 

Captain — C. R. Birdsall, 

First Lieutenant — George N. Williams, 

Second Lieutenant — D. H. Chapman. 
"Doubtless, positions will be provided for some of the offi- 
cers who have been thrown out by the consolidation. The 
force here, after detaching Captain Danforth and his men, 
numbers 350 men, (full enough for three Companies,) and 
the Franklin Regiment is set down at 670. It is said, how- 
ever, that Mr. Knowles has permission to withdraw the men 
recruited by him, if he chooses, and unite them with an 
incomplete company elsewhere." 

The Rochester Democrat in an article upon the consolida- 
tion of the Wayne and Franklin County Regiments, says of 
Colonel Dutton : 

" He is a man of energy, and has been tireless in his devo- 
tion to the interests of his regiment, having expended much 
effort and considerable money recruiting it. The Colonel 
is every inch a soldier, and is well qualified for the position. 
He graduated at West Point in the same class with Major 
General McClellan. After leaving West Point, Colonel 
Dutton served for some time in the army on the frontier, in 
the capacity of Lieutenant, until his health failed, when he 
resigned. After engaging in business at one or two points, 
he finally settled down on a farm in the town of Huron, 
Wayne county, where he remained in the quiet pursuits of 
agriculture until his country again needed his services. 
With alacrity he leaves the plow to resume the sword, and 
now, at the head of a regiment of over one thousand men, 
is ready to take the field where duty calls him. All honor 
to Colonel William Dutton, and success to his regiment." 

These remarks were only a just tribute to the worth and 
the energy of Colonel Dutton. The projectors of a Wayne 


county regiment had instinctively turned to him at the 
outset of the enterprise, as a man pre-eminently quaUfied 
for the work to be undertaken. 

The Ninety-eighth left Lyons, February 21st, and arrived 
at Albany the same evening. While in the city a flag was 
presented to the regiment, purchased by the ladies' of 
Malone. The members from Franklin made the speech of 
presentation. By a singular coincidence the Assembly- 
man from Franklin County and Mr. Thomas from eastern 
Wayne had drawn seats beside each other in the old Cham- 
ber and both labored earnestly to promote the welfare of 
the Ninety-eighth. The young ladies of Lyons procured and 
sent to the Ninety-eighth a beautiful flag in March, 1862. 

About seventy men thrown out by the consolidation of 
the Wayne and Franklin regiments left Lyons February 
17th, 1862, for LeroY- They joined a regiment then form- 
ing under command of Col. Fuller. The men going from 
Lyons constituted the nucleus' of the two companies under 
command of Captain Danforth and Lieutenant Knowles. 

The One Hundred and Fifth was organized at Rochester* 
and Leroy to serve three years. The companies of which it 
was composed were raised generally in the counties of Cat- 
taraugus, Genesee, Munroe and Niagara, with this contin- 
gent from Wayne. It was mustered into the. service of the 
United States in March, 1862. It was consolidated with 
the Ninety-fourth Infantry in March, 1863. 

It was entitled to inscribe upon its banners the battles of 
Cedar Mountain, Rappahonnock Station, Second Bull Run, 
Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburgh. 

This record too is doubtless meagre, as the rigid rules of 
the Adjutant-General's office place to the credit of individual 
regiments only the more important engagements, leaving 
a large number of battles or skirmishes in which the regi- 
ment may have borne a subordinate part not mentioned. 

The consolidated regiment was mustered out July i8th, 
1865. As to the Ninety-fourth's battles noticed in the Adju- 

* March 29th, 1862, a sword, sash and belt were presented to Lieutenant 
Knowles through Lieutenant H. D. Bennett, donated by H. G. Dickerson and 
twenty-seven others. 


tant General's report after the consolidation were : Getts- 
burgh ; Mine Run, Tolopotomy ; Bethesda Church ; Peters- 
burgh ; Weldon Railroad. 

In the spring of 1862, many incidents occurred. In several 
towns noted funeral services in honor of the remains of dead 
heroes brought home for burial, took place, arousing public 
sympathy and stirring the patriotic emotions of the people. 

The funeral of Charles H. Perigo was attended in Palmyra 
Sunday, afternoon, April 27, 1862. He was from Palmyra,— 
in Missouri when the war broke out, — and joined the Sixth 
Infantry of that State. He was wounded by a Minie ball 
at Newburn, and died in hospital at Providence, Rhode 
Island. This first military funeral in Palmyra was a solemn 
and imposing spectacle. The burial service was read and 
prayer offered by Rev. Horace Eaton. 

From the Clyde Times of January 22, 1862. 

" The body of Thomas Cain, a private in the First Long 
Island Regiment, and formerly a resident of this village, 
was received at the depot yesterday." 

The following is somewhat amusing, in view of the subse- 
quent events, and shows how vain at times is all human 
prophecy : 

From the Clyde Times of May 10, 1862. 

" The war is now so near its close that it is safe and 
may be profitable to point out some of the lessons it has 
taught the American people." 

The editorial doubtless became useful three years later. 

The Clyde Times of June 14, 1862, contains a long 
description of the funeral obsequies of Henry Goodchild. 

Thirteen young men, Henry's most intimate friends, 
claimed the privilege of honoring the memory of their 
departed friend by bearing him from the depot to the house 
of Mr. Seth Smith, with the honors due to one whom they 
highly esteemed and who had fought and died for his coun- 
try's cause. These were James Smith, John Tremper, L. 
Bedell, George Jones, A. Starkweather, J. B. Roberts, John 
Watterson, D. Platner, D. L. Stow, B. F. Clark, A. Vanden- 
burgh, E. Palmer and J. A. Pain. 


A very large crowd of citizens was assembled at the 
depot, and as the train bearing the body neared the station 
a rush was made for the west end, so that the first ghmpse 
might be obtained of the coffin. 

The crowd generously made way for Eddy Goodchild, 
who came from a passenger car to follow the body. The 
coffin wasreceive.d by the bearers just named and carried off 
the platform, when the beautiful merino national flag of the 
High School was thrown over it and a beautiful wreath of 
flowers made by Mrs. Hamilton placed upon it. 

At the house of Mr. Smith the coffin was placed upon a 
table and farther honored by a small crucifix of flowers pre- 
sented by Mrs. S. S. Morley. 

The flag on the Town Hall was hung at half mast and 
remained in that position until after the funeral on Wednes- 

The services were held in the Episcopal Church, the win- 
dows of which were opened so that the large audience out- 
side as well as those in could hear the services. The bells of 
all the churches were tolled simultaneously in honor of the 

The group of mourners included Eddy Goodchild, and 
Miss Goodchild, O. Vincent and wife, Mr. and Mrs. Seth 
Smith, Mrs. Berry, widow of Corporal Berry, who was 
killed in the same action. 

Rev. Mr. Luson of the Episcopal Church, preached the ser- 
mon, from which we give a single paragraph : 

" We can be thankful that his dying hours were solaced by 
the presence of a brother ; yes, we can rejoice that before he 
departed hence he received the welcome news that the flag 
under wlfich he had fought waved in triumph over the bat- 
tle field ; but oh ! at such a time as this when traitors are 
endeavoring to take from us all that we venerate, all" that we 
hold most dear, all for which our fathers poured out their 
blood, we can ill spare a soldier of such dauntless courage. 
It is only an army filled with the daring fortitude and intre- 
pidity of the departed that could have done what has been 
done to rescue the Union from the chaos into which it has 
been thrown. It was only such an army that could have 
fought the battles of Donelson, Henry, Pittsburgh, Hanover 
and Fair Oaks. It was only men of such mould that would 
dare attempt the taking of the Crescent City. But all these 


— the remembrance of how many brave fellows have died in 
their country's cause — makes us the more exclaim, how are 
the mighty fallen, how are the mighty fallen." 

After the sermon the Masonic ritual was pronounced by 
Mr. A. Griswold and the processiion moved to the cemetery 
in the following order : 

1. Hearse. 

2. Mourners. 

3. Clergy. 

4. Masonic Fraternity. 

5. Choir of St. John's Church. 

6. Citizens generally. 

At the grave a dirge was sung by the choir ; dust was 
dropped upon the coffin by Mr. Joseph Watson ; the scroll 
was deposited by Mr. J. H. Jones ; the Masonic apron was 
thrown into the grave by Mr. Griswold. 

The Times closed the account as follows : 

" Thus passed the sad rites of burial of one who had gone 
from our midst one year ago that day in full health, hope 
and vigor to fight the battles which are to retain for us our 
liberties and freedom of action. A large crowd witnessed 
the departure of the Briggs Guards, June nth, 1861 ; and 
many a sob of sorrow was heard as they left. But large as 
was that crowd, it was nothing compared to that which on 
the nth of June, 1862, assembled to consign to the tomb the 
body of one of those who had a year before so hopefully 
gone forth to do battle for the right." 

We add the following items characteristic of the times : 
January 22, 1862, it was rumored that Captain Throop, 
of Pultneyville, had been invited to prepare models, drafts 
and plans, to be used, if need be, in the construction of 
vessels of war for naval service on Lake Ontario. 

From the Lyons Republican of January 24, 1862. 

" Hon. Eron N. Thomas noticed a bill in the Assembly for 
the erection of a Fort at Pultneyville. 

" A banner was given to the Ninety-eighth, six feet by six 
inches, fringed with silk resembling gold. 

" Lieutenant Swan, under date of March 19, 1862, acknowl- 
edges the receipt of a beautiful national flag, from the ladies 
of Lyons, by Company B, Twenty-seventh Infantry. 


" Lorenzo Allen, Second Indiana Cavalry, from Newark, 
was killed May 31, 1.862, in a skirmish, just after the battle 
of Corinth. 

" The funeral of Corporal Adin Forncrook was held ac 
Clyde, Sunday, August 17. Sermon by Rev. Mr. Brown." 

We now reach the period when the resources and the 
patriotism, of the county were to be tested to their utmost. 
The series of movements bearing upon Richmond had 
failed. The seven days' battles were passing into history 
with all their undying valor, their unsurpassed bravery and 
their imperishable record of heroic sacrifice. Even before 
they were finished the President had issued the call of July 
I St, 1862, summoning 300,000 volunteers. 

The news of the battle of Malvern Hill and the procla- 
mation for volunteers went through all the land together. 

The extent of the general defeat was not really appre- 
ciated by the people for days or even weeks. Each battle 
by itself had been so near a victory (as reported), and that 
of Malvern Hill ending with a decided rout of the rebels, 
that the failure of the general campaign was not apparent 
at once. The proclamation of the President told the real 
story in unmistakable terms. 

Everj-^body knew that reverses had come which made the 
issue of the war doubtful unless there was an immediate 
movement to reinforce the armies of the Union ; and that 
no ordinary process of recruiting here and there a few men 
to fill up depleted regiments would answer ; the army must 
be doubled. Where companies had been formed in 1861, 
regiments must now be raised. The Governor of New York 
responded promptly to the call of the President and a gene- 
ral plan was adopted at Albany to organize new regiments 
by Senatorial Districts. 

A committee of leading citizens were hastily invited by 
the Governor to meet at Port Byron on Saturday, July 12th, 
1862.* The object was to plan the work of recruiting for 
this Senatorial district, composed then of Cayuga and 

*Hon. E. B. Morgan, of Cayuga, as the representative of the Governor, 
came over to Lyons and arranged for the Port Byion meeting. 


The persons invited met, and a few other citizens with 
them. Only two were there from the northern part of 
Wayne county. Erastus N. Granger, of Sodus, who soon 
after gave himself actively to the work of recruiting, acci- 
dentally learned of the proposed meeting the day before. 
Taking a single friend with him he went to Port Byron. 
On the way he disclosed his own determination to enlist. 

Hon. W. C. Beardsley, Cayuga, was chosen Chairman ; N. 
T. Stephens, of Cayuga and Stephen K. Williams of Wayne, 

There was a good attendance of citizens from both coun- 
ties in addition to those summoned by the Governor, and 
they were invited to participate in the proceedings of the 

A committee upon resolutions was appointed, Messrs. W. 
H. Adams and L. S. Ketch urn, of Wayne, being members 
thereof. They reported resohitions approving the action 
of the State and National authorities in calling for 300,000 
additional troops, pledging the efforts of Wayne and 
Cayuga counties to raise a new regiment, and requesting 
an immediate session of the Boards of Supervisoi'S of the 
two counties to consult with the committee in regard to the 
necessary measures to be taken to promote the speedy 
enlistment of the force required from this district. 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

On motion. General Jesse Segoine, was appointed to call 
meetings for recruiting. This was informally designating 
him to lead the movement to form a regiment, intending 
that he should become, the commanding officer. The honor 
and responsibility had first been tendered to Captain Joseph 
Welling, of Lyons, and declined. 

A War Committee for Wayne county was then consti- 
tuted-consisting of the following citizens : 

J. E. Walker, Palmyra ; Saxon B. Gavitt, Lyons ; Eron N. 
Thomas, Rose; George W. Cuyler, Palmyra; Willis T. 
Gaylord, Sodus; Stephen K. Williams, Arcadia ;' George 
W. Cowles, Galen ; Pomeroy Tucker, W. P. Nottingham, 
Palmyra ; Wm. H. Adams, Joseph Welling, Lyons ; Lean- 
der S. Ketchum, J. S. Laraoreaux, C. D. Lawton, J. N. 


Brown, Galen ; Ira Lakey, Marion ; Pardon Durfee, Lyons ; 
L. L. Rose. Arcadia ; J. T. Van Buskirk, Galen. 

Of these a Finance Committee was appointed : Stephen 
K. Williams, Saxon B. Gavitt, Eron N. Thomas. 

This committee was to provide and disburse funds, for- 
ward enlistments and effect an organization of the regi- 

The gentlemen present pledged themselves to the finance 
committee to be responsible for the amount of $2,000 for 
immediate use in case such expenses were not provided for, 
by the Board of Supervisors or by the Legislature. 

The gentlemen appointed upon all these committees are 
entitled to permanent historical record as eminent citizens 
of the county who led in all the necessarj' work of organi- 
zation. They were the men to influence public opinion; 
the men to raise funds and honestly disburse them ; the 
men whose opinions carried weight with them upon all 
public questions. The work was thus inauguraited. The 
committee consisted of men accustomed to act promptly in 
whatever they might undertake. They immediately gave 
to the work an energy that knew no abatement, a determin- 
ation that never faltered, devoting time, money, labor and 
personal service to enlistment and organization. 

Among their earliest duties was that of designating men to 
open enlistment rolls in the various towns of the county. 
Upon the recommendation of this committee the Governor of 
the State issued papers authorizing the raising of recruits by 
the following persons most of whose names will be recognized 
as the subsequent officers of the companies raised : H. S. 
Moor, S. D. Holmes, Lyons; N. E. Granger, Sodus ; S. B. 
Smith, S. B. Mclntyre, A. P. Seeley, Palmyra ; Isaac M. 
Lusk, E. W. Hays, A. D. Soverhill, Arcadia ; John S. Coe, 
J. E. Tremper, J. T. Van Buskirk, Lawrence Young, Galen ; 
R. M. Campbell, Butler ; P. Shear, Rose. 

Meanwhile the Board of Supervisors had promptly met 
on the i6th of July, when the following proceedings were 


" At a special meeting of the Board of Supervisors of the 
County of Wayne, held at the Court House on the i6th day 


of July, 1862, Theophilus Williams, of Ontario, was chosen 
chairman pro tem. Supervisor John E. Hough, of Butler, 
offered the following resolutions, which were adopted : 

" Resolved, That this Board recommend to the Governor 
that the Legislature be convened without delay. 

" Resolved, That in the opinion of this Board a law should 
be passed by the Legislature, authorizing the levying of a 
State tax sufficient to pay to each volunteer under the new 
demand for troops, a bounty of fifty dollars. 

" Resolved, That the Treasurer of this county be empowered 
and directed to borrow, immediately, a sum not to exceed 
$28,200, to be appropriated under the direction and supervi- 
sion of the commandant of the regiment to be raised in 
this Senatorial District, and of S. B Gavitt, S. K. Williams, 
and E. N. Thomas, the Military Finance Committee of 
Wayne county, for the payment of the sum of fifty dollars 
as bounty to each volunteer from Wayne county, as he shall 
be mustered into the service of the United States, and for 
the payment of a sum not to exceed ten dollars, as expenses 
of enlisting each volunteer, and said sum, or so much thereof 
only as is needful shall be borrowed to pay said expenses 
and the bounty of volunteers who may enlist between this 
time and the action of the Legislature of this State upon the 
subject of bounties to volunteers at the next session thereof. 

"Resolved, That the Senator from this District, and the 
Members of Assembly from this county be requested to 
use their best efforts for securing the assumption by the 
State of the debt contracted by this county in borrowing 
moneys for payment of bounties to volunteers." 

The excitement following the action of the Committees 
and of the Board, and the public enthusiasm aroused, cannot 
be adequately described by any formal statistics showing 
men enrolled or money pledged. The scenes of April, 1861, 
were more than repeated. There was a deeper and more 
intense feeling. Public sentiment rose to the height of the 
occasion. The resources of the people seemed to expand 
to meet the demand made upon them. The danger was far 
more clearly understood than in 1861. Great defeats had 
been sustained. All hopes of an early peace had vanished. 
The war must go on. To relax efforts was to surrender. 
Armies must be filled ; new regiments must be sent forward, 
or those already in the field would be lost. Men had gone 
by hundreds from the county ; they must now go by 



Those appointed to enlist men acted promptly. Indeed, 
they scarcely waited for the authority of the Governor. By 
the time that the newspapers of July 25th were announcing 
their appointment, three hundred or four hundred men had 
already signed the rolls. All this was taking place at the 
busiest season of the year for this community. Farmers 
left their harvests to be reaped by other hands ;. mechanics 
abandoned their workshops ; merchants their trade, and 
professional men their offices. There was a rallying all 
over the county. Men who had scarcely ever thought of 
giving personal service, now signed the rolls. The recruit- 
ing agents traversed every part of the county. Immense 
meetings were held to promote the patriotic cause. Not 
half of them were reported in the newspapers, and only the 
records of a few can now be gathered up. 

For every story of enthusiasm from the records of 1776, 
there was a counterpart in 1862. For every heroic sacrifice 
in the Revolution, there was a similar act m the Civil War. 
Even the classic record of the Spartan mother who said to 
her son, " Return with this shield or upon it" was repeated 
in numerous households through all the County of Wayne. 

A war meeting was held at Palmyra, Monday, July 14th. 
George W. Cuyler presided ; F. Williams, Secretary. 
Charles McL,outh, Hon. Ornon Archer, James Peddie, Esq., 
made stirring and eloquent speeches. 

At Savannah, Monday evening, July 21st, 1862, there was 
a war meeting. Rev. J. N. Brown, of Clyde, addressed the 
audience, and five volunteers were obtained on the spot. 

At Red Creek, a large and enthusiastic meeting was 
addressed by Rev. Mr. Ives, Captain Thomas, Dr. Arm- 
strong, and James Snyder. 

At Sodus village, a meeting was held on Monday evening, 
July 28th. Hon. T. M. Pomeroy spoke, and eight volunteers 
signed the rolls. 

In the midst of this rapid work under date of August 8th, 
1862, the President sent forth another call asking for 300,000 
more, to serve one year, making 600,000 in all. This new 
call added to the excitement already kindled. The number 
which each town should raise was carefully figured out. 


Everybody knew a draft would certainly follow if this quota 
was not filled. In the hard work that followed the question 
of one year men was mainly disregarded, and men went on 
enlisting for three years to a great extent. 

Palmyra was wide awake in the exigencies of July, 1862. 
The following notice appeared : 


" Volunteers wanted for the Wayne and Cayuga Regiment ; 
ninety dollars in advance ; State bounty in advance, $50 ; U. 
S. bounty in advance, $25 ; one month's pay in advance, $13 ; 
premium on enrollment, $2 ; and in addition $75, the residue 
of U. S. bounty at the close of the war, and undoubtedly a 
land warrant or its equivalent. 

" Patriotic Men of Wayne County ! Enlist for the Govern- 
ment. The call of 3'our country for more men is imperative 
and must be responded to now. Do not wait for a draft. 
Let every able bodied man volunteer to suppress the rebel- 
lion and close the war. The undersigned officers of Company 
E, Fifty-fourth Regiment National Guard, at the request of 
a number of members have determined to fill up a company 
of loi men to be attached to the Cayuga and Wayne Regir 
ment now forming, and would call upon their fellow citizens 
for volunteers. Recruiting office at Rogers Building, 

S. B. Smith, Capt. 

A. P. Seeley, 1st Lieut. 

S. B. McIntyre, 2d Lieut." 

On Monday evening, July 21st, 1862, a public meeting was 
held at Palmyra. J. A. Holmes presided. Remarks were 
made by Messrs Archer, Peddie, Hutchins, Mudge, Flower, 
Dr. Allen, and the chairman. Several names were enrolled. 

The work of enrollment was thus auspiciously begun. 
Similar meetings were held all over western Wayne ; and 
indeed throughout the county. . 

In Marion, Macedon, Walworth, Ontario and Williamson, 
large audiences assembled. Besides the speakers from Pal- 
myra mentioned above, others participated : Hon. Abram 
Pryne, Capt. Lakey, C. McLouth and Pomeroy Tucker. 

Lieut. 8. B. McIntyre also addressed numerous meetings. 
As in every other case, the soldiers about to go, the officer 
who said, " come boys," had more power over audiences 
than the mere speaker, however eloquent and patriotic he 


might be. Mr. Mclntyre gave himself to the work with 
indefatigable zeal, and his stirring words brought many- 
young men to stand with him in the ranks and march to the 
field of strife. 

The promptness of the work done is shown eloquently 

even by mere dates : 

"Auburn, July 28, 1862. 

" To James E. Walker of Military Committee: 

" Present my compliments to Captain Smith, and salute 
him as Captain of Co. A. All honor to Wayne. 

J. N. Knapp, Adjutant." . 

An immense gathering of the citizens of Clyde and vicinity 
was held to promote volunteering, on Wednesday, July 30th, 
1862. C. D. Lawton, Esq., on motion of Judge Ketchum, was 
called to the chair. Joseph A. Pain and Wm. Dady were 
named as Secretaries. Messrs. Murphy, Potts and.McDou- 
gall, returned soldiers, were invited to seats upon the 
platform. Col. Jesse Segoine spoke, but the meeting was 
not as successful as was hoped. 

It was not long before completed companies began to 
leave for their rendezvous, at Auburn. 

It was on Monday, the 21st, at three o'clock, P. M., that 
Captain Smith, at Palmyra, had opened his muster roll, and 
on the ensuing Saturday he telegraphed to Auburn that his 
organization was complete, and more than the minimum 
number of men enrolled. At nine o'clock, A. M. of Monday, 
the 28th, the maximum number was reached, and Letter A, 
secured. Three weeks before things had looked doubtful, 
but under the energetic action of Messrs. Walker and 
Tucker, of the War Committee, and the stirring appeals of 
the officers, the company was enrolled in a single week. 

Every night meetings hdd been held in Palmyra, Marion, 
Macedon, Walworth, and Ontario. Prominent citizens 
entered heartily into the work ; the volunteers were from 
all classes. Captain Smith left a mercantile trade, pleasant 
and profitable; Lieutenant Mclntyre a full, active and 
promising legal practice ; Lieutenant Seeley went from a 
lucrative mechanical occupation ; E. A. Percy from a position 
in the Union School, to which he had just been appointed, 
and so through all the heroic Hst ; farmers left their farms ; 


mechanics their workshops ; merchants their desks ; printers 
their cases ; lawyers their law ; and students their books. 

From the A uburn Advertiser. 

" Captain Seneca B. Smith's Company, from Palmyra, 
Wayne County, arrived from the West last night. They 
were mustered in, ninety-eight strong, this morning, and 
marched from the armory to the barracks. 

" Our citizens had the opportunity of seeing in this com- 
pany, one of the finest companies in the service." 

Front the Clyde Commercial. 

" Old Wayne has furnished the first full company for the 
Regiment, and will most probably furnish the second. 
Captain Smith, of the Palmyra company, commenced 
recruiting, and a week from that time, the maximum number 
of men had been enrolled, and the company was designated 
as ' Company A.' Although we would much have liked to 
have seen our Clyde Company ' Company A,' we cheerfully 
give Palmyra all the credit it deserves for the promptitude 
with which the company was raised. All honor to Palmyra 
and the gallant sons thus enrolled. We hope to be Company 
B, and there is every prospect that we shall. The Palmyra 
company left that place for the headquarters at Auburn, on 

" About fifty of the Clyde company left here on the noon 
train, Wednesday, for Auburn. Others went next morning 
and at noon. The men are comfortably established at their 
quarters at the barracks." 

At Clyde, Captain John S. Coe, and his associates, Trem- 
per, Bufdock and Young, had been actively at work. There 
was but little difference in time between the completion of the 
Palmyra company and that of Galen. The latter became 
Company B, in the rapidly forming Regiment. 

Clyde had completed the work of enrollment for this 
■company, by a grand war meeting in the park. 8. S. Briggs 
was chairman. Rev. Mr. Gage, of Canandaigua, and J. D. 
Husbands, Esq., of Rochester, were the speakers. 

Captain S. D. Holmes and Lieutenant Moore, of Lyons, 
pushed the work of enlistment with untiring energy. 

In Sodus, their associate, Erastus Granger, worked night 
and day. Having a large farm covered with abundant 
crops, he paused neither for labor upon it, nor regrets at 


leaving it. Everything connected with home work was 
instantly abandoned, his brother taking charge of the same 
while he traversed Sodus and Williamson, pressing on the 
work with unflagging zeal. 

This company attained the position of D. 

Captain Isaac M. Lusk, of Newark, assisted by his active 
Lieutenants, also pushed the work with enthusiasm and 
vigor. A large number of his men were from Sodus. Lieu- 
tenant Granger was traveling over the town for men, but 
others were found to assist in organizing still another com- 
pany. Captain Lusk's company became E, of the One Hun- 
dred and Eleventh. He had received a number of men from 
Marion, under the active leadership of John E. Laing, who 
became Second Lieutenant. 

Only a mere mention can be made of the meetings, the 
presentation of swords, the gifts of various friends to- 
departing ofificers, and the innumerable patriotic incidents" 
everywhere occurring. 

At Marion, undelr date of July 29th, a writer said : 

"Already more than thirty of the sons of Marion have 
enlisted in response to the President's late call for troops. 
On Friday evening of last week, July 25th, we assembled 
in the chapel of the institute to witness the impressive cere- 
mony of swearing in fifteen young men into the service of 
their country. On motion of E. A. Percy, Orville Lewis 
was made chairman, and A. S. Russell, Secretary- A 
patriotic song was sung by three volunteers — Glover 
Eldridge, James West and George Kenyon. Those sworn 
in at this time by Henry R. Tabor, were E. A. Percy^. 
Glover Eldridge, George Kenj'on, James West, Judson 
Hicks, Harrison Knapp, Thomas Geer, Ezra Brightman,. 
Law^rence Turner, Gideon Durfee, Morris Welch, Elisha 
Allen, William J. HoUing, Edward Kent, William Patterson." 

The town of Marion was the first to fill up her quota of 
volunteers and even excelled the mark. Very much of the 
success was due to the noble and patriotic manner in which 
the supervisor, Capt. Ira Lakey, devoted himself to the work. 
But where all did so much and did so well, it is difficult to 
specify. Hundreds of worthy deeds, of noble self sacrifice 
must forever remain unrecorded. There were heroes all 
unnamed in public and private life. 


At West Walworth, July 30th, a large meeting was ad- 
dressed by Messrs. McLouth, Peddie, Mclntyre and Tucker ; 
Harvey Miller, Esq., presiding. Resolutions were adopted, " 
and a goodly number of brave men enrolled their names. 
The meeting lasted till midnight and closed with three 
cheers for the recruits of the evening, three for Capt. Smith's 
company and three for the flag. 

The departure of Captain Smith's Company A, of the One 
Hundred and Eleventh Infantr)^ though not as marked an 
occasion as when the first company went out from Palmyra 
the year before, yet was an event that will not soon be for- 
gotten by those who shared in it. They went across to 
Shortsville and there took the cars for Auburn. James 
Peddie, Esq., made an address to the volunteers, to which 
Captain Smith replied in fitting terms. Lieutenant S. B. 
Mclntyre being called out, said in concluding his remarks: 

" This is probably the last time you will see us all together 
as a company. Disease and battle may thin our ranks, and 
some of us may not return to take you again by the hand, 
and I wish here to impress upon you, nay implore, that you 
will remember us not in silent inactive sympathy merely, but 
if need be in taking care of the dear ones we leave behind. 
We go to defend your homes ; see to it that our hearth 
stones are kept free from neglect and poverty. And again, 
may I not ask you for our sake and for the sake of our com- 
mon cause, that you will urge forward reinforcements by 
every effort of your voice and pen and hand. If in offering 
ourselves to our country we are worthy of your commen- 
dation, let us not remain unsupported by the necessary 
additional forces. It is for our country's sake rather than our 
own, that we make this appeal. For ourselves we fear not 
death if it be our lot in the righteous cause we have espoused. 
' It is sweet to die for one's country." 

"Die we may, and die we must, 

But oh, where can dust to dust 
Be consigned so well 

As when the rock shall raise its head. 

On the martyr'd patriot's bed, 
Of his deeds to tell." 

At Marion, a beautiful sword, sash and belt were presented 

to Lieut. John E. Laing, of Company E, One Hundred and 

Eleventh Infantry. The presentation address was dehvered 

by James S. Galloway, and an appropriate response made 

by the Lieutenant. 


The One Hundred and Eleventh had not even yet moved 
out by companies from the towns of Wayne county to their 
rendezvous at Auburn, before movements were on foot to 
organize another regiment, and by August 20th the One 
Hundred and Thirty-eighth was filled to the number of 1,300 
men. Almost at the same time also the organization of the 
One Hundred and Sixtieth was undertaken. In aid of this 
there was a large gathering at Palmyra on Friday evening, 
August 15th. The meeting was assembled in front of the 
Palmyra Hotel, and is thought to have been the largest 
gathering witnessed in the county during the war. It was 
called to order by Pomeroy Tucker of the war committee, 
and on his motion Ornon Archer was called to the chair. 

C. S. Macomber of Buffalo addressed the meeting; also 
Hon. Benjamin Nott of Albany. Captain Hoxie of the 
Macedon company, and Mr. Wheelock, who was leavmg a 
position in Macedon Academy to enter the service, also 
spoke, as did Major James Peddie. A number of men signed 
the roll that evening. 

The movements to organize the One Hundred and 
Eleventh were only commenced as intimated above when it 
was determined to move for a second Regiment from 
Wayne and Cayuga counties. The enlistments for this 
began only a week or ten days later than for the One Hun- 
dred and Eleventh, and the work was going on simultane- 
ously for both. 

James Snyder and others of Red Creek, assisted by James 
Hyde, of Huron, rapidly recruited a company, which 
eventually became A, of the One Hundred and Thirty- 

Saturday evening, August 2d, 1862, at Wolcott, there was 
an enthusiastic meeting, large delegations came in from 
Butler, Huron and Red Creek, with music and banners. 
No house was large enough for the audience, and the speak- 
ing by T. R. Collins and Mr. Underbill was in the open air. 
But as in other places, it was the short, pithy speeches of 
Snyder, Hyde and Campbell, men who were going, that 
carried the meeting by storm. 

Twenty-seven men volunteered on the spot. 


Contributions for Avar purposes were frequent at this time, 

but we find little record of them. 

A newspaper item mentions the following at Sodus Point : 
"B. R. Lummis, $25.00; Captain Hunter, $25.00; John 

Bates, $25.00; Thomas Wickham, $25.00; Wm. Edwards, 



August 6th, 1862, a large assemblage in front of the hotel 
listened to an address from Hon. T. M. Pomeroy ; probably 
1,500 to 2,000 were present. Mr. Abel Lyon, was chairman. 
Captain Snyder took the stand and made an impassioned 
appeal to men to join the Union army. He possessed an 
advantage over any other man speaking, for he could say 
and say eloquently, " come boys," not " go." 

His muster roll was signed on the spot by forty good men 
and true. Over $5,000 was subscribed to augment the 
bounty fund, ladies tendering large donations in a liberal 
manner. It was a day that never will be forgotten by any 
who were present on that occasion. Captain Snyder lifted 
the whole people to a high plane of patriotism by his grand 
appeal. He alluded in beautiful language to the scenes and 
incidents of his native village. He was greeted with rounds 
of applause. 

The scene at that hour was beyond description. The 
enthusiasm of the people manifested itself in repeated and 
spontaneous cheers. From the window of the hotel waved 
the old flag in the evening breeze, while the light of the 
moon threw over the scene its mild radiance, falling on the 
old man gray with years and the young child by his side. 
For three hours the ladies stood listening to the speakers 
without manifesting any fatigue, and as each brave boy 
wrote his name on the muster roll, they waved their hats 
and joined the men in the cheers. 

Horace Linwood in writing up the meeting shows the 
enthusiasm of the hour in his own style and language : 

"Through the untiring exertions of Captain Snyder, this 
company of one hundred and sixty men has been raised. 
He has labored night and day for the last two weeks in re- 
cruiting this company, assisted by Lieutenants Hyde and 
Campbell. Over eighty of the volunteers were from this 


town, and if every part of the State showed as much patri- 
otism as this little town, the President would soon have at 
his disposal a force to subdue all the rebels of the South. 
Wolcott henceforth will take her place on the historical page 
of her country. She stands pre-eminent among her sister 
towns in Wayne, as Old Mad Anthony Wayne stood pre- 
eminent at the Battle of Stony Point, among the generals 
of the Revolution. Patriotic sons of Wolcott and Wayne, 
you are fighting over again the battle of freedom as your 
ancestors fought in 1776, and should you fall in the struggle, 
rest assured you will live in the memory of your descend- 
ants, and monuments will arise to your memory written over 
with your deeds of glory which will be an example for 
future generations to follow. 

" When the future history of these troublous times shall be 
written, the name ot James Snyder will adorn the historical 
page as a bright example of disinterested patriotism. 

" Long live the brave volunteers who go forth to battle for 
liberty against slaver}'^, and may the bright example of Wol- 
cott be followed by the whole State, then 

" Treason would die and the traitors would fly 
, To the mountains to starve and die." 

Tuesday, August 5th, 1862, twenty -two recruits left for 
Auburn from the town of Rose in a body. 

They were preceded by the Rose Valley band and fol- 
lowed by a long procession of their townsmen. Their 
names were : 

Theodore Lampson, W. H. Sherman, Ezra R. Sherman, 
J. Francisco, Fernando Miner, W. G. McCoy, J. E. Sherman, 
Jacob Lyman, Leonard Lerock, Edmund A. Austin, A. Legg, 
Wm. H. Bennett, Alexander Ready, Nathan B. Hand, H. 
McMuUen, J. W. Streeter, D. L. Fuller, Nicholas Fitzgerald, 
W. H. Sherman, A. VanValkenburgh, W. Desmond, J. J. 

Scenes hke these were taking place daily, almost hourly 
through all the county. 

The ladies of Huron and Wolcott raised thirty-five dol- 
lars to purchase sword, sash and belt for Lieutenant James 

Captam Hyde's letter replying to the gifts from the 
ladies of Huron and Wolcott : 

Washington, D. C, September 17, 1862. 

" Within one hour of marching orders, the heroic and 
patriotic ladies of Huron and Wolcott, will please accept my 


very grateful acknowledgments of their testimonial of regard 
as well as trust in my capacity to discharge the duties im- 
posed on me by the position I have the honor to occupy in 
the company of which I am a member, as manifested by 
your liberal contributions towards the sword and revolver I 
nave the honor to bear in this hour of our country's peril. 
Permit me to assure you that, trusting to an overruling 
Providence to guide me in the discharge of duty, I trust 
they shall not be dishonored. 

" In the habiliments of your favor I go forth to the defense 
of our glorious constitution which protects your rights and 
your virtue as well as our common country. Your patriot- 
ism and kindness will ever live in the heart of 

Yours, truly, James B. Hyde." 

Truman Gregory and Charles P Patterson, of Ontario, 
Chauncey Fish of Williamson, and others in that section of 
the county, took the first steps for a company which be- 
came " B," of the new organization. 

Perhaps the earliest step may be stated as occurring July 
30th, at the house of Mr. Patterson, when after a conversa- 
tion between himself and Truman Gregory, an enlistment 
paper was drawn up and signed. 

This company was filled mostly in the three towns, Wal- 
worth, Ontario, Williamson ; though considerable aid was 
given to the enterprise in Sodus, through the earnest work 
of L. B. Rice. 

Of the numerous consultations, of the hurried movements 
night and day, but little can now be gathered up and 
recorded. Stories of the rapid patriotic work are cur- 
rent in a hundred homes, and form a wealth of tender family 
history, too private and sacred for the pen of the historian. 

Anson S. Wood, Esq., of Lyons, and Charles L. Lyon, of 
the same place, led a vigorous movement for a company. 
The men were recruited mostly in the towns of Sodus and 
Lyons, and formed a strong organization. It was a rapid 
work; it was well done. 

The company was prompt in reporting at Auburn, and 
became entitled to letter " D" in the One Hundred and 
Thirth-eighth Infantry. 

One familiar with all the work of organizing Company 
G, writes as follows : 


" Company A, of the regiment, had been recruited chiefly 
from the towns of Butler, Huron and Wolcott, and had one 
of the commissioned officers from each of these towns. 
When Company A was completed, there was a surplus of 
ten or twelve men. These men were anxious to go into the 
service. The proposition was suggested of raising another 
company from the three towns, and a war meeting appoint- 
ed, at the village of Wolcott, to confer upon and discuss 
the practicability of so bold an effort. At this meeting, 
held in the Presbyterian session room, the attendance 
consisted of a few citizens who were zealous in promoting 
enlistments, the supernumerary men, and a few spectators. 
It was a small gathering, but the chief actors had business 
on their minds. There was an understanding that each 
town should furnish one of the commissioned officers of the 

" There was present a man from each town who was willing 
to command the said company, to be raised. But much 
deference was paid to the wishes of the men already enlist- 
ed. They suggested, and carried by a vote, the proposition 
that the required number of men should be first enlisted, 
and to their choice should be submitted the determination 
as to which should be Captain, or First Lieutenant, or 
Second Lieutenant. But three were found who assented to 
this proposition, and they assumed the duty of enlisting. 
At a meeting three days afterward, two of the three who 
had been designated as the commissioned officers of the 
company, withdrew from the effort. Yet the enterprise was 
not abandoned. War meetings were held in the evenings, 
but most of those who were ready to come forward on such 
occasions, had already been enrolled, and personal visits had 
to be resorted to. There were yet men whose individual 
inclinations were to go, but by the ties of family and friends, 
were restrained. This was the formidable barricade that 
had to be stormed. 

" In a certain family there are, perhaps, but three members 
left. A gray headed father, a silver haired mother, and a 
son, sixteen or eighteen years of age, the youngest of 
several, one or two of whom have gone forth into the world. 


and become heads of families of their own, and one or two 
have already gone to the war. The son is patriotic, and the 
spirit of adventure is, perhaps, not wanting in his make-up. 
To resolve to be a soldier, in these times of doubt and fore- 
boding in regard to the nation's future, is to resolve to be a 
man. He longs to act the manly part ; he chafes to be a 
soldier. The feelings of that father and that dear mother, 
are all that restrain him. But this to him, unaided, is an 
insurmountable obstacle. To a visit of the recruiting officer 
at the house, to supplement his persuasion, he" is not averse. 
But the recruiting officer would go. further to avoid that house, 
than to avoid the anathemas of the Pope, only for the faith that 
he has, that the nation being in danger, the patriotic blood 
in the veins of those old people boils hot. He goes. In 
tears the assent is given ; the roll is signed in solemn silence. 
A charge to the officer, implying a consignment of the son 
to his care, is given in faith and hope, and received in the 
same spirit, and the business is ended. The feelings of that 
officer for that soldier are always near akin to parental. 

" By those engaged in enlisting, frequent visits to .Auburn 
were necessar)-. The citizens of that city seemed astonished 
at the way Wayne county boys turned out for the war. On 
the streets, when a company of recruits from Wayne were 
passing, a bystander was heard to query : ' I wonder what 
the women of Wayne county think, to see all the men 
going to the war.' 

" On returning home, this was narrated at a war meeting, 
for what it was worth, with the answer: 'The women of 
Wayne are noble, patriotic women, a,nd do not, to son, 
brother, or lover, say stay.' 

" By persistent labor, by day and by night, in two weeks 
the required number of men was assured. 

" William Wood, of Butler, was commissioned Captain ; 
William Hawley, of Wolcott, First Lieutenant; Seymour 
Woodward, of Rose, Second Lieutenant." 

Preliminary to their departure, they assembled on 
Sunday evening, August 17th, at the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, of Red Creek. An impressive sermon was deliv- 
ered by the pastor. Rev. G. Wood, and there was also an 
address by Rev. James Smith, of the Presbyterian Church. 



Monday tporning, the i8th, dawned— an eventful day— 
which will long be remembered in Red Creek, for the going 
forth of as noble a band of men as ever took oath to fight 
the battles of their country. 

To Major William Wood there is due the thanks of a 
grateful people for his patriotic, his unwearied efforts, to 
organize the company. If the formation of the first com- 
pany was a grand success, what shall be said of the energy 
and the ability of Mr. Wood and his associates who, upon 
the same field from which more than a hundred volunteers 
had just been enrolled, filled the ranks of another company. 

Mr. VVo(jd attended the first meeting, above mentioned, 
as a spectator, having come to the village that evening 
with no other object than to have a horse shod. Some 
arrangements expected to be made, failing, Mr. Wood was 
asked whether he would be one of the three to enlist the 
company. He consented, and three days afterward the 
principal work devolved upon him, in consequence of the 
withdrawal of others from the effort. He became Captain 
by universal consent. 

John L. Crane, of Galen, recruited a company that 
became H, of the One Hundred and Thirty-eighth. 

Numerous meetings were held during the progress of 
the work. Leading citizens of Clyde contributed freely 
of their means, to forward the work of enlistment. The 
enterprise was pushed with energy, and in a few days the 
company was ready to proceed to Auburn. To this com- 
pany, othertowns, particularly Rose and Savannah, furnished 
quite a goodly number of men. 

The rushing tide of volunteers was not yet stayed. The 
One Hundred and Eleventh and One Hundred and Thirty- 
eighth had completed their organizations, their ranks were 
full, but the quotas of several towns were not yet filled. 
Volunteers were still offering their services to the country, 
and there seemed to be a fair opportunity to form still an- 
other regiment within this Senatorial District. 

Captain C. C. Dwight, of the Seventy-fifth was tendered 
the position of Colonel, and came home to actively promote 
the enterprise. His rank was dated September 6th, 1862. 


Wm. H. Sentell, also returned to assist in recruiting with 
the offer of a Major's commission. That was soon after 
bestowed upon him. He had done good service in the old 
Porty-fourth, being one of that band of young men who left 
Sodus for Albany early in September, 1861. Having been 
promoted for bravery on the field, he had sha'red in all the 
terrible fights of the Peninsular campaign. Amid the 
carnage of Malvern Hill, when all the commissioned officers 
of his company were killed or wounded, he took command 
and led his men into that closing charge which swept the 
rebel hosts back from the Union lines, saved the day and 
saved the army of the Potomac. He now brought to the 
work of organizing the new regiment the experience of a 
veteran and a determination that inspired others to do and 
dare in defense of their country. 

Other Wayne county men, who assisted in this organi- 
zation and received appointments as staff officers were Pro- 
fessor John B. VanPetten, of Red Creek,, who became Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, Dr. David H. Armstrong of Red Creek, who 
became Assistant Surgeon, and Rev. William Putnam of 
Lyons, who became Chaplain. Four companies were 
speedily raised. 

Henry P. Underbill, of Macedon, recruited for one com- 
pany and he became Captain. He secured his men largely 
in Macedon and the adjoining towns. His company had a 
good strong foundation, from the fact that he had already 
enlisted nearly fifty men towards the One Hundred and 
Thirty-eighth Regiment, and when that was pronounced full 
he had these ready towards the One fiundred and Sixtieth. 
His company was designated "B." Rev. William Potter, 
of Pultney ville, now supplemented his former sermons and 
speeches of a warlike character by offering his personal 
services to the cause of the country. He went actively into 
the work of enlisting, and in Williamson and Arcadia, with 
some help from other towns, he soon had a company ready 
for moving to Auburn. It became company " A." For 
Captain Potter's company a large amount of labor was ener- 
getically performed in Newark. At that time the war 
committee of Arcadia consisted of Stephen K. Williams, 


William T. Barney and P W. Kenyon. They executed the 
trust confided to them with great energy and with scrupu- 
lous accuracy. A complete report of their work in raising 
money to aid the organization of Captain William Potter's 
company is before the writer. It is fully written out in 
items and accounts for every dollar received. 

The subscribers were Christian Walters, $ioo ; Henry L. 
Fairchild, $50 ; Stephen K. Williams, John S. Cronise, J, 
Moreau Smith, Ezra L. Chadwick, Thomas Barrier. Rufus 
Reed, Orrin Blackmar, R. H. & L. Pulver, Fletcher Will- 
iams, John M. Mills, Rose & Kemper, R. Price, Loyal 
Rhodes, P W Kenyon, E. T. Grant, John V. Robinson, 
Joseph A. Miller, Mead Allerton, Jacob P. Lusk, C. A.Steb- 
bins, E. M. Hyde, G. H. Piersons, Henry I. Piersons, Jacob 
Nicholoy, Hiram Filkins, Orrin Barker, Edwards & Van- 
Ostrom, William C. Piersons, A. W. Hyde, Elon St. John, 
Hiram Knoph, B. D. Foster, E. P Spverhill, J. H. Sover- 
hill, William Flemming, James H. Reeves, William H. Conine, 
M. A Soverhill, Marvin See, Henry Cronise, Samuel 
Cronise, George E. Sheldon, John T. Leggett, James Pol- 
lock, Phillip H. Cramer, Philip Schaub, Abram Forshay, 
George VanHooser, Mrs. Nelson P. Row, Madison Stever, 
Gideon G. Austin, Perry G. Price, Benjamin Bailey, Thomas 
J. Lyman, C. S. Vandecar, Henry Rider, Stephen Vaughn, 
Emery & Keller, Joel Eggleston, Daniel Smith, E. H. Rich- 
mond, George H. Price, Oliver Morley, Otis Reed, Peter 
A. Whitbeck, Henry Vail, N. S. Osborn, Crandall & Hol- 
lenbeck, Jacob Vanderbilt, Isaac N. Clark, Smith & See, 
Ebenezer Austin, Myron H. Briggs, William H. Lee, Will- 
iam Thomas, L. D. Smith, George Waters, Pierson H. Jere- 
miah, C. M. Whiting, Hiram Welcher, Ezra Pratt, J. P. 
Welcher, Edwin Lee & Brothers, Jacob P. Vosburgh, Isaac 
Soverhill, J. G. & G. F. Harmon, J. G. Harmon, Sen., 
Homer Sweezey, James Phillips, Clark Phillips, E. T. 
Aldrich, A. G. Percy, Charles Chadwick, George Daniel, 
Robinson & Sleight, and Horace Blackmar, each $25. Rich- 
ard White, David S. Fox, William Fish, each $15. William 
H. Holmes, Justus B. Soverhill, Albert Cady, E. P. Howell, 
Lanson Fisk, Edwin Robinson, George Howland, T. F. 


Horton, Martin VanAuken, each $12.50. John Lee, Samuel 
R. Tracy, Mrs. A. O. Lamoreaux, Albert A. Parks, John 
Waters, Edwin Blackmar, John Harris, Col. A. Hays, 
each $10, and numerous smaller sums, carrying the total up 
to $2,940.50. 

This money was given in sums of $25 each to ninety-six 
volunteers, $2,400; $20 was paid in special bounties ; $16.50 
was used for expenses, and the balance in notes and cash 
$504, was paid over to the Ladies' Aid Society. 

At Lyons a strong movement in aid of the third Wayne 
and Cayuga regiment was made by Bartlett R. Rogers and 
others. Mr. Rogers had formerly worn military honors 
in the old times of general trainings, rising to the rank 
of Colonel. He now became at once an example and an 
inspiration to younger men. The work of enrolling went 
briskly forward. Public meetings were held, and the 
streets of Lyons that had already been noisy with the 
drum and fife, beating for recruits for the One Hundred 
and Eleventh, and the One Hundred and Thirty-eighth, 
were again echoing to martial sounds. The company was 
duly organized with Bartlett R. Rogers as Captain, and was 
designated " C." 

John B. Burrud, of Marion, and Edward H. Sentell (a 
brother of the Major,) and Myron H. Shirts, of Sodus, led 
in the movement for a company that was soon duly organ- 
ized. It became " D " of the One Hundred and Sixtieth 
Infantry. A sword was presented to Captain Burrud, by his 
friends in Marion, in October, 1 862. The speech of presenta- 
tion was made by Rev. Amasa Stanton. The gallant Captain 
made an appropriate reply and said in closing : 

" I tender my thanks to those who have aided us in 
recruiting this company, hoping that their confidence in us 
may never be betrayed. We go to represent you on the 
field of deadly strife. May your cheeks never mantle with 
a blush when we make our report from that field. May the 
Great Ruler of the Universe guide and protect our armies j 
give them power to crush this unholy rebellion and when 
the mantle of peace is again spread over this beloved land, 
permit us to return to our dear homes and friends. I bid 
you adieu, and hasten where duty calls with an imperative 


The Palmyra Courier of August 29th, 1862, bristles with 
"last appeals" to fill quotas and avoid the draft. 

On Saturday previous, a recruiting tent had been pitched 
in the middle of the street in front of the Palmyra Hotel. On 
Monday, Captain Underhill sent fifty men to Auburn from 
Palmyra and Macedon, expecting them to have a place in 
the One Hundred and Thirty-eighth. They were too late, 
however, and as orders to raise a third regiment in Wayne 
and Cayuga had been received, Captain Underbill's company 
was mustered in as Company A, of what was afterwards 
numbered the One Hundred and Sixtieth. For several 
days all places of business was closed at 3 P. M., or at 6 p. m., 
and the whole people gave themselves up to the work of 
swelling the popular enthusiasm and filling the ranks. The 
Courier says : 

" Marion — noble town — has raised thirty-five men since 
last Friday, considerable more than her quota. Ontario 
has raised her full quota. Williamson and Walworth will 
have their respective quotas before to-morrow night. 
Macedon has been behind, but is now coming forward 
nobly. Arcadia is out of the woods or nearly so, we are 
informed. The eastern part of the county has, if such a 
thing were possible, done even better than the western. 
Galen, Rose, Sodus, Butler and Savannah, have raised 
their full quota, and the other towns we are assured will 
bring up before to-morrow night. 

" Captain Underhill is desirous of filling his company 
before Saturday night, and all who intend to go voluntarily 
should at once come forward and sign the muster roll. 

" Come forward ' brave ' young men. Don't wait for the 
draft, but enroll your names at once, and receive the gener- 
ous bounties offered by your fellow citizens. 

" Three cheers for Marion. Marion has more than filled 
her quota. Lieutenant John B. Burrud left yesterday morn- 
ing for Auburn with thirty-five men." 

From the Courier of September 5. 

" Well done Palmyra. Palmyra's quota under both calls 
of the President tor 600,000 men was filled before midnight 
on Saturday last." 

The Board of Supervisors held another meeting in 
August, and the following is a record of the proceedings : 



August 23d, 1862, at a special meeting of the Board held at 
the Court House, to consider the best means oi hastening 
•enlistments, so that a draft in this county may be avoided. 
Mr. St. John, of Arcadia, presided. The Supervisors were 
all present. The following resolutions were adopted : 

"Resolved, That the County Treasurer pay as expenses for 
procuring such recruits as have enlisted to fill the quota 
from this county under the calls for 600,000 men, all neces- 
sary expenses not to exceed ten dollars for each recruit. 

" Resohed, That the resolution passed by thfs Board at its 
last meeting, authorizing the giving of a bounty of fifty 
dollars to each volunteer from this county, be and the same 
is hereby rescinded, the offer of the Governor having super- 
seded their action." 

A committee was appointed consisting of Messrs. Hough, 
Leach and Hance, on resolutions, who reported the following 
which was adopted : 

"Resolved, That this Board hereby authorize the Treasurer 
of Wayne county to borrow on the credit of the county, a 
sum of money sufficient to pay to each man who shall enlist 
and be mustered into the service of the United States, one 
hundred dolla|-s as an additional bounty, until the quota of 
this county of the 600,000 troops now called for is filled — the 
bounty to be paid to such men as have enlisted or shall . 
enlist at any time between the 23d day of August and the 
istday of September, 1862, (and in the towns of Palmyra, 
Arcadia, Macedon, Marion and Williamson, persons also 
who have enlisted during the two days previous to the 23d 
day of August, to wit, on the 21st or 22d day of August,) 
or until a draft is commenced, said sums to be assessed 
upon such towns in this county as are deficient in their 
respective quotas, in proportion to their respective deficien- 

"Resolved, That we ask the Legislature to pass a law levy- 
ing a tax upon the people of this county in such a manner that 
each town shall be taxed in proportion to the sum necessary 
to be raised to pay the one hundred dollars bounty, to as 
many men as each town may lack to make out' its quota 
under the call for 600,000 men by the President, and that the 
bounty money be paid by the County Treasurer to the 
order of the Supervisors of each town respectively. 

"Resolved, That each Supervisor report at the earliest pos- 
sible day, (certainly before Wednesday next) to the County 
Treasurer, the number of men necessary to be recruited in 


his town to fill out the quota of his town, under the two- 
calls of the President and the amount of money which 
should in his opinion be necessarily expended for volunteers, 
and recruiting purposes in his town." 


For the purpose of examining the vouchers for bounty 
moneys previously paid out under the resolution of August 
23d, 1862, a committee was appointed consisting of Messrs. 
Hough, Lakey and Flower. 

The Military Finance Committee of the county appointed 
by the Military Committee of the Twenty-Fifth Senatorial 
District w.ere authorized by a resolution of the Board of 
Supervisors, passed at a special meeting held in the month 
of July, 1862, "to audit and draw upon the County Treas- 
.urer for expenses growing out of volunteer enlistments in 
said county, under the two calls of the President, an amount 
not to exceed ten dollars for each recruit." 

Under this resolution each member of the Committee, S.- 
B. Gavitt, S. K. Williams and Erdn N. Thomas, reported at 
the annual session of 1862, their expenditures. Mr. Gavitt 
reported the sum of $931.85, of which the .United States 
would refund for transportation $137.87, leaving a county 
charge of $793.98. 

Mr. Williams reported $1070.00, of which $39.60 was for 
transportation, leaving a county charge of 1030.40. 

Mr. Thomas reported the sum of $1,393.76. 

Total expenditures, $3,210.14. 


" To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Wayne County : 

•' Your Committee to whom was referred the report of the 
War Finance Committee, and the examination of their 
vouchers and the vouchers of tl\e Supervisors of the several 
towns for moneys paid out for the purpose of facilitating 
enlistments, would report that they have examined the 
vouchers ,of the Finance Committee, and find that they 
agree in all respects with their report to this Board, and 
that they have examined the vouchers of the several Super- 
visors, and find that they agree in all respects with their 

" The adjustment made is in compliance with the resolu- 
tion passed by your Honorable Body. 


"Your Committee would recommend that one half of the 
amount of bonds due March 15, 1863, with the whole 
amount of interest due at that time be assessed upon the 
several towns. 

" Your Committee would also recommend the adoption of 
the following resolutions : 

"Resolved, That the Treasurer of this county be authorized 
to borrow the sum of 10,650.00, upon the credit of the county, 
chargeable to the several towns having bonds becoming due, 
being the balance necessary to be raised and due March 
15th, 1863, on terms not to exceed the rate of seven per 
cent, per annum. 

"Resolved, That the Members of Assembly from this 
county and the Senator from this district be requested to use 
their best efforts for the speedy passage of a law legalizing 
all the acts of the Board of Supervisors, of Wayne county, in 
relation to the borrowing and raising of moneys for bounty 
and recruiting purposes, and that the Clerk of this Board 
serve a copy of this resolution upon said Members of Assem- 
bly and Senator. 

"All of which is respectfully submitted. 

J. E. Hough, ) c^ ■ ? 
H. S. FlowER, \ r ^'Z " 
IraLakey, '\Commtttee. 

At this time, and as a supplement to the above proceed- 
ings, the following resolution was adopted : 

" Whereas, There was a bounty offered by this county 
chargeable to the several towns using the same, for the 
purpose of stimulating the enlistment of volunteers, and by 
the exertions of the citizens in a number of the towns with 
the aid of the liberal bounty, those towns have succeeded 
in raising niore men than their respective quotas ; and, 
whereas, there appears to be four towns in the county that 
have failed to furnish their respective quotas, but still 
derive their full benefit of exemption from draft, because of 
the' surplus of volunteers in the other towns; therefore, belt 

"Resolved, That these four towns be assessed for their due 
proportion of bounty moneys paid out by the County 
Treasurer, in accordance with a resolution passed by this 
Board August 23d, 1862." 

In pursuance of this resolution, there was assessed upon 
Huron, $1,000; upon Sodus, $800; upon Walworth, $1,100; 
upon Williamson, $100. And this $3,000 was credited as 
follows in the adjustment : Arcadia, that had furnished an 
■excess of thirteen volunteers over their own quota, $1083.33 ; 
JButler, that had furnished an excess of five volunteers. 


$416.67; Lyons, with an excess of seven volunteers, $583.32 ^ 

Macedon, with an excess of one volunteer, $83.35 ; Palmyra,. 

with an excess of ten volunteers, $833.33. 

After making the adjustment required by this resolution,. 

the total chargeable to each of the following towns was as 

follows, calculated to March 15,1863: Arcadia, $4,788.48 ; 

Butler, $1,808.46; Huron, $1,344.70; Lyons, $2,813.48;. 

Macedon, $1,743.38 ; Marion, $1,604.16; Palmyra, $3,027.96 ; 

Sodus, $2,993.13 ; Walworth, I725.76; WilHamson, $1,990.14.. 

Total, $22,909.65. 

In the same manner the amount of bonds to fall due 

March 15, 1864, with one years interest, was calculated as 

follows, giving a total nearly equal to the above, pursuant. 

to the resolution, to divide the whole sum into two equal 

annual payments: Arcadia, $4,556.14 ; Butler, $1,489.09; 

Huron, $1,337.50; Lyons, $3,004.92; Macedon, $2,095.41;. 

Marion, $1,337.50; Palmyra, $2,978.19; Sodus, $2,461.00;. 

Walworth, $1,444.50; Williamson, $1,979.50. Total, $22,- 


The quota required from Wayne county under the calls- 

of 1862, is shown in the following table, as also the number 

of recruits actually raised by November 15th: 

Quota. Raised. 

Arcadia 164 178 

Butler 72 76 

Galen 166 189 

Huron 60 51 

Lyons 156 173 

Macedon 78 76- 

Marion 62 62 

Ontario 70 75 

P^^myra ■/.; 134 143; 

Rose 66 97 

Savannah 60 69 

Sodus 146 140 

Walworth 66 54 

Williamson 82 75 

Wolcott 94 I20. 

1,476 1,581 


Surplus of the county 105 



THE immense efforts of the preceding- year to enlist 
men and organize regiments, the One Hundred and 
Thirty-eighth, the One Hundred and Eleventh and 
the One Hundred and Sixtieth left little to be done in the 
earlier months of 1863, towards direct enlistments. From 
time to time recruits were obtained for existing regiments, 
but no general and concerted movement characterized the 
winter and spring of this year. The work of Aid Societies 
went on. Vast supplies were needed, and Wayne county 
did its full share in all this noble and patriotic work. There 
was required at this time the greatest possible exercise of 
faith and courage. The strain of a continued war with 
possibly a doubtful result was beginning to tell upon those 
whose hopes for early victory had so often been bitterly 
disappointed. Union Leagues were formed during this 
spring and summer. There were only a few which left any 
records that the historian can now gather up. They were 
not designed for any particular department of work, or for 
any special line of support to the National Government. 
They were rather intended to develop and strengthen public 
sentiment in a general way for the defense of the national 



A rneeting was held at Lawrence's Hotel, in Sodus, on 
Saturday evening. May 3d, at which was organized a Union 
League, for the town, — a branch of the National League — 
and the following officers were selected : E. W. Sentell, 
President ; David Rogers, Vice-President ; E. A. Green, 
Treasurer ; C. D. Gaylord, Secretary ; L. A. Clark, L. M. 
Gaylord, J. W. Brown, Central Committee ; J. A. Boyd, 



C. C. Teall, W. M. Woodworth, Committee to Draft Con- 
stitution and By-Laws. 

Patriotic remarks were made by Colonel E. W. Sentell, L. 
H. Clark, Esq., and others. The meeting adjourned to meet 
on Saturday evening next, at the same place. 

April loth, 1863, a Union League was formed at Marion. 
Ira Lakey, Esq., President ; C. Tremain, Esq., Vice-Presi- 
dent ; Seth C. Dean, Secretary ; Albert O. Wilcox, Treas- 
urer ; Amasa Stanton, Stephen Trumbull, L M. Galloway, 
Joel Norton and D. F. Lewis, Executive Committee. 

Similar organizations were formed in other towns. 

In these " times that tried men's souls," the pulpit gave 
no uncertain sound ; patriotic self-sacrifice was weekly 
taught as the highest duty of the citizen towards God and 
towards man. 

The Lyons Presbytery took formal action, as follows, at 
their meeting, April 15th, 1863 : 

" Whereas, Our people are, at this moment, standing in 
the midst of all the anxieties, forebodings and perils incident 
to the wicked and bloody assault made by an unscrupulous 
pro-slavery rebellion, against one of the best of human 
governments ; and 

" Whereas, Our reliance for the triumph of the Govern- 
ment in ils attempts to maintain its just authority within all 
our borders, and for the suppression of the rebellion, must 
be in the care, blessing and guidance of Almighty God ; 

" Whereas, The President of the United States has 
appointed the 30th day of this month to be observed as a 
day for fasting, humiliation and prayer, when our people 
shall meet all over the land, to draw near unto God, our 
Saviour, with a broken, believing and hopeful heart, seeking 
His mercy for our people, in the triumph of truth and right- 
eousness over falsehood and wrong '; therefore, 

" Resolved, That it be recommended to all the churches 
within our limits, to make early arrangements for the proper 
observance of the day appointed." 

The Presbytery appointed the following Commissioners 
to the General Assembly : Rev. A. Blakely, of Wolcott ; 
Lay Commissioner, Columbus Croul, of Lyons. 

The author of the article below was Mrs. B. C. Ketchum, 
formerly Miss E. S. Clark, of Sodus. She was one of the 
two Graduates who first received the Diploma of Sodus 


Academy, July ist, 1859; ^^'^ is still remembered there as 
one of- a circle of able writers whose productions were often 
heard with pleasure in Lyceum exercises, and at the 
Academic exhibitions. Mrs. Ketchum's brother, Edwin 
Clark, was a soldier under Grant, in the Western campaigns, 
and her husband was in the army of the Potomac. It is 
said she wrote this article just after seeing " men " on the 
way to Pultneyville to take the boat for Canada ! ! To a 
friend who remarked, about this time, " I cannot see 
through," she replied instantly, " I can believe through." 

From the Lyo7is Republican of May 27, 1863. 


" There has been, perhaps, no darker time since the Rebell- 
ion first broke out, than the present. The diabolical plots 
of traitors at home have never been more glaring. The 
seeming incompetency of some of our own leaders has never 
been more apparent. Rebeldom has never seemed less 
inclined to surrender. Providence has never seemed farther 
off. In fact, everything, perhaps, has never looked more 
unpropitious for our success, and we been called upon to 
work hy faith more fully than now. 

" But because these things are so, shall we give up to 
despair? Shall we let that patriotism which burned in 
our hearts, and was manifested by our words and deeds 
when the war-cloud was not half as black and threatening 
as now, die out before that which should only increase it ? 
God forbid ! At this critical period of our Nation's history, 
should we show an imbecile spirit of devotion to our coun- 
try? Should we, because we have near and dear friends 
-sacrificing their lives seemingly to no real purpose, become 
indifferent to the progress of affairs, and utter such a senti- 
ment as this — " I care not which side conquers, if our loved 
ones will only come home, and the war cease ! " Oh ! short- 
sighted mortals ! Oh ! weak affection ! When we ought to 
gird ourselves for deeper disappointment, and invoke 
strength for severer contests, should we prove ourselves 
base cowards? 

" There are those in our army to-day, who would gladly 
lay down their arms and come home— those, too, over whose 
patriotism and noble devotion to their country, we shouted 
with joy, and with whom we sent our ' God speed.' How 
true was that patriotism ? How fervent was that devotion? 

" Don't let any one call himself a true patriot, unless he 
will do all in his power, under any circumstances whatever, 


for his country's good. There are many among us who call 
themselves patriots, and true lovers of their country, who 
are yet helping to lengthen the time between now and a 
glorious victory, by their indifference — by their 'don't care 
which side conquers.' Are not such, traitors at heart? 
Ought not such a sentiment to be rebuked ? 

" It is not open rebeldom alone with which we have to 
contend now. There is an unseen current retarding our 
progress, and wearying us with its unseen influence. Oh ! 
men and women of the North, shall we slumber now ? 
Shall we faint ? Shall we urge our brave soldier-boys home ? 
Shall we do anything to prevent others from going ? 
Shall we commit any act which may make future genera- 
tions hate us, or blush over puny ancestors of the nineteenth 
century — puny in soul as well as body ? If not, let us arise 
to greater action ; let us redouble our patriotism ; let us 
throw off all feelings of despair and discouragement, and 
go to work with renewed energy. ' For though the night 
is dark, the day surely cometh.' 

"SODUS, March, 1863. C. S. E." 

There were hundreds of the women of Wayne who felt 
as she wrote. Men may have studied the situation from a 
practical standpoint, and feared the worst. They estimated 
the probabilities, and balanced the chances upon a compari- 
son of battalions and the weight of cannon ; but the wives, 
the sisters, the mothers, with their instinctive faith shining 
even through their tears, believed that though the night was 
dark, surely the day was coming. 

Here was another daughter of Wayne whose pen traced 
her faith in the following stirring lines : 

Air : — " Columbia, the Oem of the Ocean." 

" They went in defense of the Union, 

When traitorous Southerners came 
And sought, with dark acts of rebellion. 

To bring our dear country to shame. 
These patriots braved every danger, 

They shed both their blood and their tears ; 
Let us cherish the memory ever 

Of our gallant, our brave Volunteers. 

' ' They've gone, and our prayers shall attend them. 

Our hearts throb with sympathy true ; 
May God in his mercy defend them. 

As they fight 'neath the Eed, White and Blue ! 
But accursed for all time among nations. 

And greeted with scoffings and Jeers, 
Be the foes who would sever the union — 

The foes of our brave Volunteers. 


" Their guns in the sunlight are gleaming — 

But fairer and brighter above, 
That glorious banner is streaming — 

The Stars and Stripes that we love. 
They stand by our good Constitution, 

And say to us, ' quiet your fears,' 
Let the rebel who cries ' Dissolution ' 

Beware of the brave Volunteers ! ' 

" The Southrons, with haughty defiance. 

Command us to bow at their feet ; 
But gone in their boasted reliance 

When our soldiers in battle they meet. 
We shall conquer them sooner or later, 

In spite of their taunts and their sneers ; 
And we trust every black-hearted traitor 

To the arms of our brave Volunteers. 

" Preserve thein from death and disaster. 

Thou Ruler of land and of sea ! 
We commend, O, our Heavenly Master, 

Our soldiers and sailors to Thee ! 
And also, we pray for the mothers. 

Who, quelling their doubts and their fears, 
Have sent from their fair Northern homestead 

A son with the brave Volunteers. 

." May their camps be defended from danger, 

Their hearts be protected from sin ; 
May dishonor to them be a stranger. 

And hope hold her empire within. 
And when strife and contention are ended, 

And the sweet star of peace reappears. 
The thanks of our country, defended. 

We'll give to the brave Volunteers." 

WoLCOTT, March 25, 1863. "Lu-Light-et-Ego." 

The return of the companies that had left the county in 
the spring of 1861 was a marked feature of May and June, 
1863. They received a right royal welcome as they marched 
home with depleted ranks, torn banners and war worn men. 

The following account is taken from the columns of the 
Lyons Republican for May 22d, 1863 : 


" Wednesday was one of the most memorable days in the 
history of Lyons and the county. The remnant of the gal- 
lant band of patriots who left amid prayers and tears, two 
years ago, to purchase with the heart's blood of many of 
them, the restoration of our glorious Union, returned to us 
the sunburnt braves of many a hard-fought field, to receive 
our heartfelt blessings and thanks. 

"The time in which to make the preparations was so brief 
that fears were entertained for the success of the reception. 


That the event proved them to be groundless, the crowd 
who witnessed the ceremonies will unanimously agree. 

"At an early hour in the morning the signs of active 
preparation were everywhere to be seen. Banners were 
flung to the breeze from scores of flag-staffs, and our citi- 
zens were busily engaged in decorating their stores and 
residences along the proposed line of march, while the 
streets were fast filling with people from every direction. 

" Shortly after twelve o'clock the six-pounder stationed on 
the Fair Grounds announced the Company in sight. The 
'boys' dismounted from the wagons in which they had been 
conveyed from Geneva by a few of our liberal citizens, and 
were marched to their place in the procession, which was 
formed just north of the railroad track, and moved in the 
following order : 

" Lyons Union Cornet Band. 

" Martial Music. 

" Chairman of Committee of Arrangements, Orator and 

" The Clergy. 

" The President and Board of Trustees of the Village. 

" The Committee of Arrangements. 

" The Recruiting officers and Soldiers of Company B, led 
by Colonel A. D. Adams, including Officers and Soldiers 
formerly of Company B and Honorablv Discharged. 

" Members of other military organizations. 

•' Eagle Fire Company, No. i. 

" Rescue Fire Company, No. 3. 

" Hook and Ladder Company. 

" Young American Zouaves. 

" Citizens in carriages and on foot. 

" When the procession started, the artillerists began firing 
a National Salute, the Brass and Martial Bands played 
National Airs alternately, and the church bells poured forth 
a merry peal. All along the line of march, our townfolks, 
and especially the ladies, exerted themselves to the utmost 
to show their appreciation of this gallant Company, whose 
patriotism, coolness, and courage have been demonstrated 
beyond question on many a ' well fought field.' No words 
can convey an adequate impression of the tumult of joy 
that swept through the bosoms of both the welcomers and 
the welcomed. 

" The procession moved across the River Bridge to Water 
street, (passing beneath a tastefully-trimmed arch which had 
been placed over the east end of the bridge by the ladies— 
a beautiful ornament, and one which elicited a number of 
comphments ; ) up Water street to Broad street ; up Broad 


street to Jackson street ; down Jackson street to Phelps 
street; down Phelps street to Canal street; up Canal street 
to William street; down William street to Water street; 
down Water street to the Fair Grounds. 

" All along the route every available space in the street, 
doors, windows and yards, was crowded with people endeav- 
oring to express, in every conceivable manner, their joy at 
the return of the Company. Cheers that had a taste of 
tears, and silent gestures of welcome greeted the troops at 
every point. The eye met everywhere banners, and flags 
and colored festoons. Probably so large a concourse of 
people seldom before assembled upon any occasion in this 
village, nor was there ever such enthusiasm, patriotism and 
gratitude offered, or more worthily bestowed, than on 

"The bronzed heroes marched steadily, and although 
each one no doubt yearned to embrace beloved ones whose 
eyes they met at nearly every turn, no swerving or faltering 
was discernable. If anything could have added to the 
general gratification, it was the splendid soldierly appear- 
ance .of every member of the Company, and of their 
Colonel. They looked wearied and travel-stained, yet erect 
and strong and stern. The old battle flag was borne 
proudly, and all eyes looked gratitude and pride as they 
turned towards its tattered and bullet-torn folds. 

" Colonel Adams rode the horse which has accompanied 
him in every battle since his promotion to the command of 
the Twenty-seventh. 

" The enthusiasm inspired by the presence of this remnant 
of a Company once more than a hundred strong, was modi- 
fied by the recollection of the absent dead, who had given 
their lives for their country ; and tears were mingled with 
the plaudits which followed the march of the surviving 

" The most affecting scene of all was that when the pro- 
cession passed the residence of Mr. James McElwain — the 
father of the brave boy who died from wounds received at 
the battle of Gaines' Mills. Here the Company unfixed 
bayonets, paying the marching salute, and passed in Company 
front at shouldered arms. Many a hardy soldier endeavored 
in vain to repress the tears which would come into his eyes 
as he thought of the poor boy who fills a soldier's grave in 
Virginia, and heaved a heartfelt sigh to the memory of their 
former comrade in arms. 

" Arrived at Floral Hall, in the Fair Grounds, the proces- 
sion halted, and half an hour was allowed the Company to 
exchange greetings with the hosts of friends who came 


flocking around them. Meantime the Officers of the Cor- 
poration, the Clergy, the Committee of Arrangements, the 
Orator of the Day, (Rev. Mr. Montgomery,) and the Chap- 
lain of the Day, (Rev. Mr. Stacey,) appeared on the balcony, 
and the assemblage being called to order, the Chaplain 
offered a fervent prayer lor the continued well-being of the 
returned members of the Company, after which Rev. Mr. 
Montgomery delivered the Address of Welcome — an 
address, by the way, which called forth the warmest expres- 
sions of approbation — as follows : 

" Officers and Soldiers In behalf ot your old friends and 
neighbors, I bid you a cordial welcome home again. In 
their behalf, I congratulate you that in the good providence 
of God, you have returned safely from the perils of the 
camp and battle-field, to the peaceful walks and duties of 
life. If ever soldiers deserved well of their countrymen, 
yours is a claim which your fellow-citizens are proud to 
acknowledge. And, on this day, it is our pleasant duty to 
tender you this public tribute to your services. It will ever 
be remembered tc your honor, that yours was the first 
company from this immediate vicinity to enlist in the grand 
army of the Union. Two years have elapsed since we bid 
you God speed in the glorious work you had undertaken. 
And an honorable discharge now awaits you, as patriot 
soldiers, who have dared everything and endured every- 
thing, in the glorious defense of our country's unity. For 
those two years we have watched your course with the 
deepest interest. And now that it is completed, we can 
only look back upon it with feelings of perfect satisfaction. 
We welcome you home, then, as trusty champions of a most 
sacred cause — a cause that may well demand our services 
till the right — our country's right — is fully and uncompro- 
misingly vindicated. It is true, that as yet, peace does not 
reward your toil. It is true, that your country smiles her 
gracious approval upon you, even through her tears. It is 
true that even now, with the shouts of welcome ringing in 
your ears, there mingle the notes of sterner conflict still 
before us, to which you may again be called. But you have 
done your duty well. The work you enlisted for has been 
well performed. And when your country gathers the 
laurel for her victorious sons, you will not be overlooked. 

"But with those laurels must be twined the grateful 
memory of the departed — of those brave comrades who 
went forth with you to battle, and who perished' in the 
fight. In looking over your ranks we miss the well-known 
forms of those young spirits, whose opening manhood has 
been offered on their country's altar. Their sweet remem- 


brance hallows with a sad solemnity to-day's rejoicings. 
Doubtless there are those around us here, whose hearts have 
been wrung by the desolation brought upon them by this 
fearful war. Let such have our truest sympathy, and let 
them be well assured, that their dead are held in honored 
recollection. We cannot soon forget the names of AUee, of 
Dunn.of Gaul.of Holmes, of McElwain, of Metzker, of Seavy, 
of Mills, of Keesler, of Morey, of Andrews, of Brink, of 
Hennegan, and of Strickland. 

" They have died for theii- country — but we, still live. Let 
VIS see to it, soldiers, that we live as patriots. The voice of 
our brothers' blood crieth to us from the ground to quit us 
like men, and be strong in this crisis of our Nation's history. 
We are wrestling with the mighty demon of Rebellion that 
tears and rends us sore, and no gentle exorcisms will cast it 
out. But, if true to ourselves, we shall, with the blessing 
and help of Almighty God, drive out forever this disquiet- 
ing spirit. This state of conflict — of seeming overthrow 
and discomfiture — may be only a step in the development of 
our political progress. Whatever we may lose in this fiery 
trial, we shall gain self-denial, self-sacrifice, and the bold 
daring of patriotism and soldiership. What we want, what 
we are struggling for, is a restored Nationality — one whole 
and undivided Union — with a strong, common, constitutional 
life — a national unity. And what we are struggling for, we 
are sure to obtain by the blessing of Heaven, if we are in 
earnest, and if, joining hand to hand, we bear, cheerfully 
and uncomplainingly, the burdens and exactions of the war. 

" What are the rewards of industry, the gains of com- 
merce, the success of trade, and even the life and blood of 
our men to the glorious work of restoring peace and union 
to our beloved country ? 

" Officers and Soldiers : It is because you have had a share 
in this great work, that we welcome you to-day. It is 
because you have been fighting to defend us in our property 
and homes, that we thus tender you a most grateful welcome. 
Happy families are waiting to receive you — happy hearts 
are waiting to embrace you. Prize them as among earth's 
best treasures ; and in the duties and felicities of those 
happy homes, see to it that you show yourselves Christian 
men and Christian patriots. 

" The procession then entered the hall and sat down to 
the refreshment tables, which had been laid for nearly four 
hundred persons, and after ^race by Rev. Mr. Thomsen, 
half an hour more was spent m the enjoyment of the colla- 
tion. ' The boys ' sat at the tables with their parents, wives 
and friends, and ate with a will ; while the merry jest, hearty 


laugh and glowing countenance, demonstrated the fact that 
they were pleased with and highly enjoyed that portion of 
their reception quite as well as any other. The tables 
were beautifully ornamented with bouquets of flowers, and 
the hall tastefully trimmed with evergreens— the handi-work, 
need we say, of our patriotic ladies ? In the centre of the 
' soldiers' table ' was an urn, upon which was a flag, with 
the motto ' To the memory of the Brave ; ' and just over- 
head was a handsome banner bearing the words ' Welcome 

" After the collation, (which was very agreeably inter- 
rupted by the appearance of a suspicious-looking basket, — 
an ' original package ' evidently, — a present to the Colonel 
from Caleb Rice, Esq.,— and the distribution of the contents 
of said ' package,' several patriotic pieces were sung by a 
Quartette under the direction of Prof; Tillotson, which 
were enthusiastically cheered by the assemblage. A beauti- 
ful piece — called ' A Song,' but worthy of a better title — 
connposed for the occasion by Mrs. Anna R. Halliday, of 
this village, and dedicated to the Twenty-seventh, was 
among the number. It was sung in the good old tune of the 
Star-Spangled Banner. We publish the words of this piece 
below : 


Air : — " Siar-Spangled Banner." 

" Let shouts of rejoicing burst forth on the air, 

And each soul sing a hymn to the God of Creation, 
Let the Stars and the Stripes that so proudly we bear, 

Wave o'er the brave heroes, who fought for their Nation. 
Through battle's red flame, have they won a proud name. 
And ages unborn will yet herald their fame, 

While the emblem of glory the Laurel shall wave. 

Triumphantly wreathing the brow of the brave. 

" When the war-cry for freemen was heard through the land. 

Like the Sires of our Country, they nobly defended 
The Altar of Liberty, blest be that band 

Whose conflicts and dangers, we trust are now ended, 
Whose firesides were won by our great Washington, 
Let praises be given for the work they have done. 

And the emblem of glory the Laurel shall wave. 

Triumphantly wreathing the brow of the brave. 

" May the wailing of sorrow that comes from afar 

On the wings of the breeze, for the loved ones who, sleeping, 
Kepose 'neath the beams of yon bright Southern star. 

Be hushed for a time, and sad eyes cease their weeping. 
Let happy hearts blend, in a joy that ne'er ends. 
For the Soldier's return to his home and his friends. 

Though the Cypress its branches may mournfully wave. 
With the Laurel that droops o'er some far Southern grave." 


" Rev. Mr. Brown then offered thanks in a Dismissory 
Prayer, which was followed by the Benediction, by Rev. 
Mr. Montgomery, after which the crowd dispersed, the 
soldiers seeking their respective homes; and thus ended 
the reception. 

■' So terminated the proceedings of an occasion more 
magnificent in its outward features, and grander in its moral 
aspect, than Lyons ever saw in all her previous history. We 
have but feebly depicted it ; the thousand incidents which 
contributed to its subHme effect, and wrought the intense 
emotion connected with it, could not be caught, and cannot 
be preserved, as we wish they might be, for history. 

" The Twenty-seventh Regiment, in which Company B 
has an honorable place, has been in most of the important 
battles fought on the soil of the State of Virginia, and has 
acquitted itself, as all know, with credit to the members 
thereof, and to the respective towns in which its companies 
were recruited. Many who left Elmira with the Regiment, 
have found a soldiers' grave, and many are home maimed 
for life. A fitting reception of the survivors of our own 
company was not only proper, but imperative, and we are 
pleased to know that all who witnessed the ceremonies of 
Wednesday, unite in pronouncing them at once appropriate 
and imposing." 

Company B, of the Thirty-third, returned to Palmyra 
and was received as shown in the following account from 
the Courier, of that village : 


At last two years of service for this company were finished. 
They had been full pf toil and strife, full of privation and 

Palmyra had sent them forth with loyal wishes, with 
hopes strong and bright. She had bid them stand for the 
defense of the Union, bid them fight for home and country. 
Upon them were invoked the richest blessings of heaven, 
and during all these months Palmyra had never blushed for 
her sons upon the battle-field. They were now coming, 
home, and it was meet that Palmyra should welcome them 
with glad acclaims, with an ovation worthy of their heroic 
services and worthy of the national cause for which they 
had fought. 

The regiment reached Elmira Sunday noon, May 17th, 
1863. Company B left that city on Wednesday morning, 



and reached Rochester to connect with the train due at 
Palmyra at 11:26 A. M. 

Long before that hour the people from the surrounding 
towns began to pour into the village. At half past ten the 
procession composed of the Fire Department, the village 
government, the Palmyra band, the citizens of Palmyra and 
of neighboring towns formed, under the marshalship of 
Major J. A. Holmes and his assistants. Chase and Ferrin. 
It marched to the depot to receive the company. The crowd 
there was immense, reaching as high as two thousand, but 
the most perfect decorum prevailed, and the orders of the 
marshal were strictly obeyed. The train was promptly on 
time, and as it neared the depot the enthusiasm of the 
crowd became intense. All order and arrangement were 
-for the moment set aside and a general rush made by the 
crowd to grasp by the hand the returned volunteers. This 
confusion, however, was very brief, and the procession was 
at once formed and marched to the Fair Grounds, in the fol- 
lowing order : 

1. Police. 

2. President and members of the village Board. 

3. Committee of arrangements. 

4. Clergy and Speaker. 

5. Palmyra Band. 

6. Company B. 

7. Disabled volunteers and soldiers of 1812 and the Mexi- 

can War in carriages. 

8. Fire Department in uniform. 

9. Masonic Order. 
10. Citizens. 

All along the route the utmost enthusiasm was apparent. 
The streets were lined bv an eager multitude of citizens, 
and the dwellings presented a gay and animated appearance. 
Arriving at the Fair Grounds the procession proceded to 
the rear of the building, where the .company was drawn up 
in line and welcomed home in a few appropriate remarks by 
John Gilbert, Esq. He said : 

" Soldiers of Company B, of the Immortal Thirty-third — It is 
one of the proudest duties of an enlightened and patriotic 
people to welcome to the paths of peace those who periled 
their lives in the defense of a common country. The same 
spirit of exalted patriotism that arouses communities from 


the securities of peace to meet and grapple with alarming 
national exigencies, at the same time dictates to them the 
important and welcome duty of meeting these illustrious 
persons upon the very threshold of the social enclosure. 
Rome, whose invincible armies penetrated to the very heart 
of the then civilized world, spreading desolation over a 
wondering continent, always welcomed her returning sons 
with the voice of eloquence and the soul of song. But we 
ask for no precedent to establish the entire propriety of our 
humble endeavors to-day ; it requires no allusions to the 
past, no anticipations of the future to prompt the citizens of 
JPalmyfa to pour out the gratitude of hearts quickened to a 
lively sensibility by the recollections of a campaign that 
has desolated, alas, many a heart, and many a hearth-stone. 
"Contending manfully within sight of the spot hallowed 
by the dust of Washington, around you have surged the 
billows of the most unnatural strife that ever called forth 
the passions of men. Still you have been calm amid dangers, 
unflinching and determined in the ver^' face of death, and 
true to the last. No higher or brighter laurels shall crown 
the brows of any of the six hundred thousand that to-day 
with bristling bayonets frown down upon the enemies of 
our country, than you have won. But what words are 
necessar}^ to welcome to the hearts and arms of this com- 
munity the defenders ot her dignity upon the battlefield? 
What voice can tell the deeds of heroism that for two 
years — the most eventful of American history — have given 
us security at home, while danger and death have been 
their companions abroad ? No, it is the consciousness of 
duties performed in obedience to the dictates of a lofty 
patriotism that brings to you the truest welcome ; and I 
may say here, that it is through the daring, the endurance, 
aye and the blood too, of just such men as these that we 
may hope for a future national existence; all that patriotism 
can dictate, or human energy perform, life, treasure, the 
hopes of youth and the fears of age, are centered in those 
grim ranks, though shattered and broken, that to-day stand 
the guardians of the welfare of a mighty people; ranks 
that shoulder to shoulder with yourselves have calmly 
brushed death aside on many a bloody field. The sacre'd 
recollections that cling to the fields of Antietam, Fair Oaks, 
Yorktown, and Fredericksburgh, fields where to-day bleach 
the whitened bones of many of your former comrades, 
must grow fresh and beautiful with age, and even as to-day 
we point to the hallowed dust of our revolutionary defenders, 
will future generations turn and venerate the iarns in which 
repose the ashes of the heroes who saved us in this our 
second peril. 


" Citizens of Palmyra. Give us then but the simple 
expressions of your surcharged hearts, to welcome back to 
the places that once knew them, the remnant of that heroic 
band that has for two years been the object of more than 
parental solicitude. And here while the mild influences of 
spring are deckmg the earth with the annual evidences of 
returning life and freshness, while nature is all that is invit- 
ing and beautiful around us, do we offer to you, volunteers, 
the welcome of honest, earnest and grateful hearts." 

The reporter did not catch and fasten for the use of the 
future historian, the response of Colonel Corning. He 
spoke with honorable pride of the gallant services of his 
command, recounted some of the achievements that had 
rendered their career memorable, and alluded in tender,^ 
pathetic words, to those who had fallen in the strife. 

Captain Draime, the bronzed veteran, was called for, and 
made a patriotic speech. He set forth, in plain terms, the 
extent and the horrors of this unholy rebellion, and declared 
his intention to organize another company and again enter 
the service in defense of the Constitution. 

Lieutenant John J. Carter was also presented to the 
assemblage, and elicited hearty applause by his scholarly 
and appropriate remarks. 

The tables spread for the returning soldiers, extended 
through the entire length of the hall, and were loaded with 
all the delicacies that the most thoughtful hand could 
provide. As the doors were thrown open, the beauty and 
loveliness of Palmyra were in waiting to receive the brave 
boys. Fair hands assisted them to places around the sump- 
tuous board, and with assiduous attention, saw every want 
supplied. From the moment the day of arrival had been 
announced, the ladies had been untiring in their efforts ta 
make the welcome home a success. Long will the brave 
boys of Company B hold in kindly remembrance the gallant 
ladies of Palmyra. Amid all this rejoicing, there was an 
undertone of sadness which pervaded every heart, as they 
compared the full ranks of the company that marched so 
proudly forth, two years ago, with the thinned ranks that 
now returned. How many homes had been made desolate, 
how many hearts crushed by the loss of some loved one. 
Bennett, Gardner, Knowles and Deyoe had perished on 
the battle field, and ten others had died of disease. 


The following letter, though written some months later, 
may appropriately appear in this connection : 

"Washington, D. C, November 20th, 1863. 
'' Miss Nottingham and Ladies of Palmyra : 

" I intended to have returned this flag in person to the 
ladies of Palmyra, but a severe illness and my entering the 
service on my recovery prevented my doing so. I thank 
them in behalf of the boys of Company B, not for the flag 
alone but for the many comforts received from time to time, 
prepared by their fair hands, which gave us patience to 
endure the hardships of camp life and courage in the deadly 
conflict, knowing and feeling that the noble ladies of Pal- 
myra were ready and anxious with heart and hand to con- 
tribute to our comforts. 

" I am not a speech maker — for your sakes I wish I was. 
But accept a thousand thanks in behalf of officers and men 
of Company B. Whenever you gaze on this flag, though 
not as bright and beautiful as when its folds first kissed the 
breeze beneath your father's trees, may it ever give you 
pride and pleasure to know that it was never stained with 
rebel blood, nor polluted with a traitor's touch. 

" Again thanking you, and hoping that when this cruel 
war is over, we may meet again. 

I am yours respectfully, H. J. Draime, 

Late Captain Company B, Thirty-third Regiment." 

The files of the Newark Courier not having been found 
for examination, the following brief notice of the return of 
Company I, of the Seventeenth, is taken from the corres- 
pondence of the Lyons Republican . 

reception of company I, SEVENTEENTH REGIMENT. 

" This gallant Company, the first that went from this town 
two years ago, returned home on Wednesday, June loth, 
1863. The two Fire Companies, Hook and Ladder Com- 
pany, the Cornet Band, and hundreds of citizens met them 
at the depot, and escorted them to the village of Newark, 
where they were addressed in a patriotic reception speech, 
by Professor Steele, then the Principal of the Union School 
in Newark, but formerly a Captain of a volunteer company 
from Oswego county, and who was wounded in the battle of 
Seven Pines. The following is the address : 

" Officers and M^n of Company I : — To me is assigned the 
pleasing task of addressing you in behalf of your assembled 
neighbors, friends and kindred. . We bid you a hearty 
welcome home ; home from the toils and dangers of camp ; 
home to the quiet and rest of your peaceful firesides. 


" During the years of your absence from your homes, there 
have been vacant seats at the table, vacant chairs at the 
hearth-stone, vacant positions in society. The rushing tide 
of life has not closed in upon the places you once occupied. 
They have been kept sacred for the defenders of our country. 
We hail your return to your former associations and friends. 

" You went out from us fresh from the plow, the desk and 
the bench. You return to us war-scarred veterans. Your 
valor and patriotism have been tried in the dreadful shock 
of battle, and have not been found wanting. The record 
you have made is honorable to yourselves and to us. 
Newark is proud of such heroic sons. We have followed 
your military career with admiration. We have seen you, 
in imagination, standing amid the fierce hurricane of battle, 
heedless of the leaden storm, jealously guarding the honor 
of your flag, and like a wall of iron receiving the fiercest 
attacks of the foe. This baptism of fire, while it has 
sanctified your patriotism and attested your valor, has filled 
our hearts with joy and pride. We welcome your return 
beneath the folds of that glorious old flag you have so 
gallantly defended. Long may it wave over what we may 
now, more emphatically than ever before, believe to be 
"The home of the hrame and land of the free. 

" But our joy at your return is mingled with grief. As 
we look over your thinned ranks, the proof of your loyalty 
and devotion, we miss many familiar forms. The place of 
your gallant leader is vacant. He whom to-day we would 
delight to honor, has fallen. He died a soldier's death, with 
his face to the foe. Captain Wilson, the agreeable compan- 
ion, the sympathizing friend, the brave soldier, the accomp- 
lished officer, the hero, the patriot, is no more, save in our 
reverent memory of his virtues and valor. We to-day 
would cast the green wreath of our sincerest sympathy and 
condolence upon the new made graves of your honored 
dead. They moulder in soil all unworthy of the dust of 
freedom's sons. How vain are words to express our debt 
of gratitude to those who have given their lives in defense 
of our dearest rights — our homes, our altars and our sires' 

' ' How sleep the brave, who sink to rest. 
By all their country's honors blest I 
When Spring, with dewy finger cold, 
Returns to deck their hallowed mould, 
She there shall dress a sweeter sod 
Than Fancy's feet have ever trod. 
By fairy hands their kneel is rung; 
By forms unseen their dirge is sung; 
There Honor comes, a pUgrim gay. 
To bless the turf that wraps their clay. 
And Freedom shall awhile repair. 
To dwell a weeping hermit, there 


" May that God whose battles they fought, impress upon 
our minds the immortal principles for which they suffered, 
bled and died. 

" By our words of cheer and welcome we would in some 
measure, heal the wounds that war has made. We sympa- 
thize with your sorrows, lament your dead, honor your 
patriotism, respect your bravery, rejoice at your escape 
from the thousand perils of camp and field, and will aid you 
in keeping ever green the memory of the immortal 'Seven- 
teenth.' In the sincerity and heartiness of our reception, 
forget, we pray you, the hardships of the soldier's life — the 
lonely picket, the damp bivouac, the forced march, the 
headlong charge, the dull monotony of camp, — and remem- 
ber only that, crowned with the brave man's laurels, you are 
home at last, among friends beneath the ' dear old flag " of 
our Union." 

The Company responded in a very touching and interest- 
ing speech, made by the Rev. Mr. Shumway, and a Poem, 
by Miss F. H. Sheffield, was read ; and after partaking of 
some refreshments, provided by General Barney, a general 
congratulation and warm shaking of hands ensued, and then 
all dispersed to their homes. 

Their noble Captain, Andrew Wilson, fell at the second 
battle of Bull- Run, and his grave is among his friends in 
the eastern part of this State. 


At this time mingled joy and sorrow were carried into 
every town of the county by the news of the victory of 
Gettysburgh. It was true the rebels had been defeated. 
They had made a bold push for success by invading the 
North. To make our own soil the theatre of this contest 
seems to have been a favorite theory of the Confederate 
leaders. Accordingly they had dashed into the rich valleys 
of Pennsylvania; levied forced contributions upon York, 
Carlisle, and other towns ; fed their starving men from the 
abundant granaries, and for a few days apparently moved 
on " conquering and to conquer." Their cavalry swept up 
to within three miles of Harrisburgh, the capital of the 
State. The specie in the banks of that city was removed to 
Philadelphia ; other valuables were also carried there, and 
men in many cases sent their families to a place of greater 


safety. But the brave army of the Potomac was soon fol- 
lowing upon their track. A battle was a necessity for both 
armies. General Lee was obliged to hazard all this brilliant 
scheme of invasion upon the result of a decisive blow. 

It was a supreme hour to him and to his cause, no less 
than to General Meade and to the Union. To win a battle 
then and there — to annihilate the Union army — was to open 
to General Lee the gates of Philadelphia, with far-reaching 
and incalculable results. General Lee was compelled to 
halt his advancing forces and offer battle to General Meade. 

To the Union army a battle was a necessity. If the 
victorious career of the rebel forces was not checked then 
and there, no man could predict the events of the future. 
Had General Lee won a decisive victory at Gettysburgh, 
and then attempted a further movement northward, doubt- 
less there would have been an immediate rallying of such 
immense forces of militia or of volunteers, that his progress 
would still have been checked, but the moral effect of a 
Confederate victory at Gettysburgh would have been dis- 
astrous in the extreme. Foreign nations might gladly have 
seized the opportunity to recognize the rebel government 
and given them material aid. 

General Lee, turning slightly back from his advance, had 
the choice of the battle ground. He selected the heights 
northwest of Gettysburgh ; and his army of 90,000 met in 
the first day's fight only a portion of the Union army — 
15,000, or possibly, 20,000 strong. As the sun went down 
over hill and valley, it shone upon the Union forces broken, 
scattered, retreating through the streets of Gettysburgh, 
and only safe when they had climbed the heights upon the 
southeast. That night the body of the Union army came 
up, and during the next two days there was fought the most 
decisive battle recorded in history subsequent to that of 
Waterloo. It was a Union victory, but won at a fearful 
sacrifice. Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, the news 
little by little came trembling along the wires, penetrating 
in fragments every part of the county. On Saturday 
letters began to reach the friends of the soldiers. The 
people gathered around the post-offices, and many a tender 


scene occurred as letters were read telling the story of 
wounding and death. The writer can only recall the one 
that came under his own notice at the office in Sodus village. 
Ten men from the town perished at Gettysburgh. The 
store of Edwin A. Green, postmaster, was filled that evening 
with an eager but almost silent multitude. The mail was 
destributed ; daily papers were read to the people with the 
latest dispatches, and the latest lists of the killed and 
wounded. Scarcely a voice but that of the reader broke 
the silence. Then one or more private letters were read by 
those who had received them. Miss Augusta Granger, 
sister of Lieutenant N. E. Granger, had driven to the office 
in company with Miss Mason, who was in her employ. 
Opening a letter from Mrs. Dr. Vosburgh, she read in a 
low, sad, but firm voice, the account of her brother's death, 
with other pathetic incidents. In the hushed silence that 
followed, she closed her letter, and with scarcely a word, 
entered with her friend the carriage to return to her home. 

The Sunday following was one of deep solemnity. Every- 
where in tender words the pastors of the churches com- 
mended the bereaved ones to the tender mercies of the 
Heavenly Father ; even while in earnest words of patriotic 
prayer, they asked that brave men might arise to fill the 
places of the fallen, and carry on the struggle until victory 
should crown the Union arms. 

In several towns, arrangements were immediately made to 
send relief to the wounded. Fathers went to look after 
their sons in the hospitals, or to bring back their bodies for 

Palmyra held a meeting Sunday afternoon, raised a hand- 
some sum of money and sent Lieutenant-Colonel Corning 
and Russell Tibbitts, to render such aid as might be possible 
on the field. George G. Jessup, John Williamson and 
George R. Kent, also left for Washington on Monday, to 
look after friends who had been wounded. 

THE DRAFT OF 1 863. 

This carried consternation to the hearts of the people. 
The first outburst of enthusiasm for the old flag had been 
succeeded by something of a reaction. The brilliant hopes 


in the early summer of 1861, that the contest might end in 
ninety days had been rudely scattered. 

It was seen that a long and weary contest was upon our 
hands ; that the resistance of the South was firm, persistent, 
unyielding. A large number of men had already gone from 
this count}'. Death had reaped his bloody harvest, and many 
a family were m mourning over sons slain upon the battle- 
field, or perished by sickness and exposure in the distant States 
of the Confederacy. In the spring of 1863 the national cause 
was still dear to the hearts of the people, but there was no halo 
of glory to arouse enthusiasm. The romance was gone. 
The people were face to face with the stern reality of actual 
war ; a war that was no holiday affair, but one that was 
bloody, destructive and uncertain. Defeat, disaster, humih- 
ation had fallen upon our arms, and the old flag, though 
upborne by loyal hands, had nevertheless trailed in the dust, 
as the grasp of the dying color bearer weakened upon the 
staff. It would have been more than human had there been 
no discouragement, no fearful forebodings of the future. 
There were those, however, whose faith in final success 
could never be shaken. The events of the summer too, should 
have inspired renewed confidence. The wave of rebel 
invasion had been rolled back from the heights of Gettes- 
burgh. Vicksburgh had surrendered, and other decisive 
victories had been won, but the full effect of these could not 
then be seen by the people at large. The resources of the 
Southern Confederacy had proved unexpectedly great, and 
its ability to supply its often depleted armies was well nigh 
marvelous. There was also the ever present danger of 
foreign interference, or at least of difficult diplomatic com- 

With this state of feeling came the draft which was made 
at Auburn for this Congressional District, commencing 
July 23d, 1863. This draft was made pursuant to the first 
of the Conscription laws, passed by Congress after the 
opening of the war. Many opportunities for exemption 
existed under this law. The support of parents or children, 
brothers already in the service, and numerous physical dis- 
qualifications, some of a light and trivial character, offered 


facilities for escaping, military service that did not exist 
after this statute was repealed, and did not apply to drafts 
made nearer the close of the war. In addition, the law 
allowed a drafted man to pay $300 and secure exemption, 
though he might be physically sound. As a consequence, 
this draft resulted in adding but very few men to the armies. 
To make allowance for these exemptions, the government 
ordered fifty per cent, added to the actual quota. 

The following article fronii the Lyons Republican of July 
24, 1863, gives the quotas of the several towns, and other 
items of explanation : 


" The Draft in the Twenty -fourth Congressional District 
commenced at Auburn yesterday. The quota of Cayuga 
county was to be first drawn. The quotas of the several 
towns in Wayne county (with the fifty per cent, added) are 
as follows : 

Ontario 68 

Williamson 60 

Marion 52 

Walworth 55 

. Macedon 87 

Palmyra 103 

Arcadia 140 

Lyons 94 

Sbdus 142 

Huron 46 

Rose 49 

Galen I37 

Wolcott 75 

Butler ; 63 

Savannah 57 

Total 1228 

" The several quotas will be drawn in the above order. 
All the proceedings connected with the Draft will be con- 
ducted in the most public manner. The names of those 
drafted and of those exempted will be published. Cayuga 
county will be drawn first. Wayne county will not be 
reached probably before to-morrow. 

" By a recent order of the Provost Marshal General, 
towns which have furnished an excess of their previous 
quotas are to be credited with such excess, on the certificate 
of the Governor that the excesses really exist. The quotas 


to be drawn, as above, will, however, be drawn, all the same ; 
and afterward \)a& excess will be deducted from the number 
drafted, and a corresponding number drawn from the drafted 

Preparatory to the Draft of 1863, an enrollment was 
made by the following officers : 

Arcadia — Joel Soverhill. 

Butler — Samuel Miller. 

Galen— Charles H. Reed. 

Huron — Correll Upson. 

Lyons — A. M. Wheeler. 

Macedon— C. P. Hulbert. 

Marion^— Amasa Stanton. 

Ontario — Alexander Sands. 

Palmyra — G. N. Williams. 

Rose — G. W. EUinwood. 

Savannah — B. Q. Servis. 

Sodus — George S. Putnam. 

Walworth— F. M. Sanford. 

Williamson — ^L. S. Cuyler. 

Wolcott — Charles Blakely. 

The following were the results in part of the drawing for 
the several towns, — the names being drawn from those of 
the first class not exceeding thirty-five years of age : 

It has been found difficult to give the complete results of 
the Draft. The newspapers at that time reported the status 
of men very well for a week or two, and then dropped the 
matter without clearing up the lists. Names are also badly 
spelled in the newspaper lists from which we copy. 


Enrolled in First Class 476. Quota Drafted 140. 

Charles Sebring, John S. Wallace, 

Silas B. Hollenbeck, David B. Culver, 

John A. Westfall, George F. Palmer, 

Jerome See, Aaron E. Van Inwagen, 

William Daniels, Calvin Mitchell, 

Lewis See, William Whitmore, 

Leonard Fray, Eliab P. Grant, 

Charles Hatsook, Stephen A. Pyatt, 

John Nierpas, George F. Palmer, 

John Stever, Luman S. Youngs, 

Martin Devall, Albert Bond, 

George M. Filkins, Charles T. Cronise, 



Norman Brusie, 
Orrin C. Lee, 
Jefferson W. Hoag, 
Ezra Petty, 
Philander Vail, 
George F. Shumway, 
George H. Peer, 
George W. Eddy, 
George W. Garlock, 
Roger Benton, 
Isaac Vanderhoof, 
Lewis Pettey, 
Winslow D. Heath, 
John N. Akin, 
James Gumare, 
Pat McLaughlin, 
Paul Benoveries, 
Owen Kahar, 
Theodore Tillotson, 
Rush Haskins, 
Almon Shumway, 
Henry Kanthner, 
R. J. York, 

Benjamin C. Woolson, 
Barton L. Husted, 
A. M. Dillenbeck, 
James Dennis, 
John Chapman, 
Charles J. Brown, 
James H. Whitbeck, 
John A. Pulver, 
William Palmer, 
John Colwell, 
Henry Percy, 
James W. Gifford> 
Michael Lyons, 
W. H. Rogers, 
William Call, 
Isaac J. Austin, 
George H. Pierson, 
James Van Ostrand, 
Ambrose Pulver, 
Homer J. Upson, 
Julius N. Lisk, 
George Smallage, 
Peter Welch, 
Fred Barkley, 

John H. Whitbeck, 
W. B. Prince, 
D. N. Harmon, 
Thomas Gray, 
Marshall Power, 
Daniel Ridley, 
Pat Mecon, 
Ed Lee, 
Charles Fritz, 
A. Rush, 
A. P. Richmond, 
Francis H. Spoor, 
G. Greenwood, 
A. Penoyar, 
Kerlew Blyth, 
Isaac Tack, 
Fred Hinkle, 
George Clark, 
Herman Ernst, 
John L. Hyde, 
Lorenzo J. Carey, 
Aaron V. Robinson, 
Erastus L. Huntley, 
James E. Drake, 
Lewis H. Palmer, 
Daniel Lyons, 
William Hollenbeck, 
Levi A. Lovlin, 
Esbon D. Snyder, 
Jonas Borst, 
Aaron F. WiUiams, 
William Chapman, 
Henry Rary, 
William Clark, 
Elias Truax, 
George Balzell, 
Barney Cooney, 
William W. Lair, 
William H. Hickey, 
Nathan Griffin, 
Alvin Shaver, 
James H. Ryder, 
Lewis J. Bryant, 
Phineas G. Lewis, 
Justus Shuman, 
Chester Phillips, 
John Fay, 


George S. Town, Richard White, 

George H. Clouse, Samuel Cronise, 

Andrew Traver, Gideon Muir, 

Foster Hickson, James E. Reynolds, 

Marvin Filkins, David Dayton, 

James S. Horton, Nathan Taylor, 

William Ellsworth, James W. Adams, 
William H. Cunningham, Joseph Prince, 

Nelson Miller, Daniel P. Smith, 

James Cook, Alien Vanderhoof. 

William Derry, Charles S. Shuman. 

Upon report and examination of these men, the following 
results were obtained : 

Discharged by reason of Physical Disqualifications. — L. H. 
Palmer, J. W. Gifford, S. A. Pyatt, James Dennis, Jerome 
Lee, George W. Garlock, J. A. Lisk, J. Van Ostrand, B. C. 
Woodson, George Clark, W. Hollenbeck, Henry Rosa, A. 
O. Robinson, J. W. Adams, Gideon Muir, William Deny, 
O. C. Lee, A. Penoyer, Ira Greenwood, L. J. Bryant, George 
F. Shumway, Lewis Lee, J. W. Hoag, J. S. Steever, J. P. 
Pulver, Charles J. Brown, John Chapman, George F. Pal- 
mer, Charles Hatsook, William Chapman D. B. Culver, J. 
A. Pulver, F. Barclay, Martin Devall, E. T. Grant, Jr., Wm. 
Daniels, J. S. Wallace, L. A. Loveland, N. Miller, John 
Sticker, R. J. York, Norman Brasee, J. Colwell, L. Pettey, 
George S. Town, W. D, Heath, E. L. Huntley, C. PhiUips, 
Albert Rush, Lorenzo J. Carey, Charles Sebring, George F. 
Palmer, Homer J. Upson, Henry Rosa. 

Two Brothers in Service. — James Cook. 

Alienage or N on- Re side nee. — William Whitmore, M. Bauer, 
Paul Bonaveris, John N. Aker, Owen Kahar, P. Welch, 
Fred. Hinkle, George H. Clouse, Isaac Tack, H. Ernst, 
William Clark, D. Lyons, Michael Lyons, William Clark, 
Marsells Power, James E; Reynolds. 

Ire Service, March 3, 1863. — A. I. Van Inwagen, William 

Over Age. — N. W. Taylor, Theodore Tillotson, John Fay, 
N. W. Griffin, James Borst, Thomas Gay. 

Support of Parents or Children. — George Baltzel, James 
Gumare, F. Hickson, William H. Cunningham, A. Bond, 
James S. Horton^ F. H. Spoor, M. W. Lane, Charles Fritz, 
A. P. Rickman, J. H. Whitbeck, E. Traux, M. W. Lajne, 
William Ellsworth, A. P. Rykeman. 

Furnished Substitute. — A. Mundy, Jr., C. Mitchell, Leonard 

Sick and Unable to Report at Auburn. — John Nierpas, A. F. 



Accepted and Discharged on Payment of Three Hundred 
Dollars. — A. M. Dillenbeck, James H. Rider, M. Filkins, 
William H. Rogers, Samuel Cronise, A. Shumway, I. Van- 
derhoff, P. McLaughlin, W Cull, Edwin Lee, George H. 
Pierson, L. Haskins, George Smalladge, Philander Vail, J. 
Austin, D. W. Herman, Henry Percy,- J. H. Whitbeck, 
P. G. Lewis, David Ridley, K. Blyth, Andrew Traver, 
D. P. Smith, Lewis E. Pettey, Charles F. Sherman, George 
M. Eddy, G. M. Filkins, E. D. Snyder, J. R. Westfall, 
George H. Price, Henry Kanthner, J. S. Wallace, S. V. 
Hollenbeck, Richard White, J. Showerman, Luman S. 
Young, B. L. Huested, James E. Drake, Charles T. Cronise, 

A. Shaver, J. L. Hyde, Roger Benton, Ambrose Pulver, 
Henry Percy. 

Result not Ascertained in Collecting data for this Chapter. — 
William Palmer, Joseph Prince, Barney Cooney, William 

B. Prince, Pat Mecon, David Dayton, A. P. Richmond, 
Aaron F. Williams, Barney Ony. 

Enrolled in First Class 221. Quota Drafted 63. 

David Green, 
Castor Lampman, 
Samuel B. Way, 
Allen Southwick, 
Henry Davis, 
James Richardson, 
Thaddeus Williams, 
E. Childs Lowell, 
Nathan Robinson, 
Joshua A. Lowell, 
Civilian Hubbard, 
William Graham, 
Leonard Rider, 
Jerome Hibbard, 
James R. Wisner, 
Harlow Cole, 
Gibson S. Center, 
Smith Carkner, 
Henry Benjamin, 
John S. Abbott, 
Eben Toles, 
Barney Murray, 
E. Emmett Maynard, 
Jasper Bacon, 
Peter Thurber, 
Reuben Ward, 

Willis S. Roe, 
Martin Saxton, 
Harris Mead, 
Joseph H. Roe, 
Grove T. Moore, 
Stephen Bray, Jr., 
Nelson E. Post, 
Henry H. Ferris, 
Wandell G. Center, 
Calvin Smith,' 
Jerome Phelps, 
Elisha Taylor, 
Martin H. Wendover, 
Cornelius Lawson, 
Benjamin Bishop, 
Nelson Stage, 
Wilhelmus Tillou, 
Thomas C. Armstrong, 
Darwin Twist, 
Benjamin F. Pierson, 
Clarendon T. Grandin, 
Clinton B. Dowd, 
John Sprague, 
Alex C. Clapp, 
Cornelius Vosburg, 
George O. Armstrong, 


Granville D. Walker, William Little, 

Daniel Olmsted, George M. Hadden, 

Crandall Loveless, Daniel H. Wadsworth, 

Warren Southwick, Elmore Van Auken, 

Johannes Hasbrouck, Patrick Cox. 
William Poole, Jr., 

Upon reporting at Auburn, and submitting to the exami- 
nation the following results appeared : 

Accepted and Paid %ioo. — Geo. O. Armstrong, J. Sprague, 
M. H. Winchester, D. B. Olmsted, R. Ward, D. Twist, C. 
Lamson, G. M. Hadden, H. H. Ferris, W. Lytic, P. G. 
Thurber, D. H. Wadsworth, J. Bacon, J. Hibbard, W. S. 
Roe, J. S. Abbott, N. Stage, E. P- Vanauken, E. A. Maynard, 
J. Phelps, W. G. Center, Warren Southwick, H. Mead, T. 
C. Armstrong, A. C. Clapp, J. A. Lovell, Gibson S. Center, Jr. 

Discharged for Physical Disqualificatiojis. — E. W. Toles, T. 
Williams, C. T. Grandin, E. Dunham, D. Green, J. Has- 
brouck, S. B. Way, P. Cox, H. Cole, E. Taylor, C. Loveless, 
N. T. Post, W. Graham. C. Vosburgh, W Poole, Jr., J. 
H. Roe, G. T. Moore, W. Tillou, Benjamin Bishop, L. 
Rider, Smith Carkner, C. Hubbard, B. F. Pierson. 

Alien. — James Richardson. 

Support of Parents. — H. Davis. 

Over-Age. — M. Saxton, S. Pray, Jr., J. R. Wisner. 

In Service March 3^, 1863. — A. Southwick. 

Furnished a Substitute. — G. D. Walker. 

Result not Ascertained in Arranging for this Chapter. — E. 
Childs Lowell, Nathan Robinson, Henrj' Benjamin, Barney 
Murray, Calvin Smith, Cornelius Lawson, Thomas C. Arm- 
strong, Clinton B. Dowd. Alex. C. Clapp. 

Enrolled in First Class 455. Quota Drafted 137. 

George Prey, John Lamb, 

Elmer C. Hovey, David Hawks, 

Philip Gaster, Annanias Wells, 

Henry S. Bockoven, Henry Morey, 

John P. Fisk, Joseph W. Livermore, 

Alvin Williams, David Beadle, 

Francis M. Nichols, Dennis McSweeny, 

Luther M. Powers, John Thomas, 

Eli Knapp, Russell Johnson, 

George Closs, John Brayton, 

James E. Drake, William Watson, 

Thomas Andrews, Martin Casey, 

Lyman Roy, Ray Littlefield, 



Patrick Kelley, 
William H. Miller, 
Thomas A. Waldruff, 
Mordecal Vanderbilt, 
Stanton Waldruff, 
John J. Ladue, 
Barney Madden, 
Edward Ryan, 
Calvin Tindall, 
James Aden, 
George Goss, 
Luther Weed, 
Mitchell Gorman, 
James Gloss, 
Michael Toohey, 
George Gregg, 
John Lane, 
Michael Height, 
Alfred Waterbury, 
William H. Peckham, 
Robert Harper, 
Thomas Arzberger, 
John Conner, 
Patrick Crane 
Lawrence Young, 
John Hawley, 
Morris Powers, 
Mitchell Kennedy, 
Chris Bramer, 
Frank Blake, 
Edwin Cady, 
Gerlas Badgo, 
William Birdsell, 
William Creagan, 
William Gregor, 
Dyer Merritt, 
William Mclntyre, 
Morris Clavy, 
Myron Ringer, 
John Willoughby, 
Lester Barton, 
Nelson A. Skinner, 
Henry Ernst, 
Wilson Horton, 
Hial Kenyon, 
Andrew Harrington, 
William McCord, 


William Lynch, 
Henry Townsend, 
John Morritey, 
Joseph Menanson, 
George Fish, 
Mont. W. Mead, 
Hiram Converse, 
Darwin Edwards, 
Charles Evans, 
William Fisher, 
James Lamoreaux, 
John B. Roberts, 
David Benjamin, 
Arch Crawford, 
Milton Wright, 
Reuben Waldruff, 
Albert Shepherd, 
Dennis C. Wright, 
John C. Waterson, 
Merritt Bennett, 
Edward Vanderveer, 
Chris Schoonmaker, 
John F. Sheldon, 
Gilbert C. Thompson, 
William Thomas, 
Michael Sullivan, 
William Bowles, 
Henry Steerell, 
Nathaniel Benales, 
Edmund Brown, 
Mont. Leader, 
Chris. Goetzman, 
Everell Bradley, 
Levant Bedell, 
Thomas Davis, 
Salmon Hardy, 
George Stell, 
Edwin D. Lampson, 
James Brown, 
E. Willard Sherman, 
Fred. K. Breemer, 
Fred. K. Rowser, 
Oliver Weed, 
James Lee, 
Henry K. Reynolds, 
George Beard, 
Michael Kelley, 


Robert Croucher, Michael Crowney, 

Oscar Merritt, Fred. K. Jones, 

Charles Lower, Charles Goetzman, 

Calvin Sampson, Alex. Brown, 

Edward F. Rider, Charles Gildersleeve, 

Z. Birch, Michael Moran, 

William Armitage, Edward Rolfe, 

Edward Crouse, Edward Burrill. 
Joseph HoUenbeck, 

Upon examinatiou the following were the results : 

Accepted for Service and Discharged on Payment of Com- 
mutation, Three Hundred Dollars. — W. H. Fisher, William 
Bowles, A. Crawford, R. Johnson, E. Cady, A. Waterbury, 
H. S, Bockovcn, E. Vanderveer, L. Bedell, D. Edwards, 
N. A. Skinner, J. Thomas, E. Rolf, M. Wright, George A. 
Beard, W. Mclntyre, A. Pulver, John Conner, M. Vander- 
bilt, S. E. Waldruff, William Creager, Charles Bramer, 
Lyman Roy, Oscar Merritt, Henry K. Reynolds, E. C. 
Hovey, William Watson, Reuben Waldruff, William Gregor, 
Edward Brown, Alexander Brown. 

Went into the Service. — James E. Drake, Fred. K. Bramer, 
John Brayton, Fred. K. Rowser, John J. Ladue, Oliver 
Weed, Mr. Olmsted, George Goss, James Lee, George 
Gregg, Charles Gildersleeve, Michael Moran, Lawrence 
Young, Frank Blake, Andrew Harrington, John B. Roberts, 
Henry Townsend, John Morritey, John F. Sheldon, Joseph 
Menanson, Charles Evans, William Thomas, Everell Bradley, 
Salmon Hardy, James Brown. 

Discharged by Reason of Physical Disability. — James Closs, 
Henry Morey, D. Hawks, M. Casey, David E. Beadle, 
Chris. Schoonmaker, Francis M. Nichols, Alvin Williams, 
E. Willard Lherman, Calvin G. Tindall, Michael Toohey, 
James Lamoreaux, George Closs, Michael Height, Henry 
Stuver, Gilbert C. Thompson, Hiram Converse, Montgom- 
ery Mead, Luther Weed, Willis Horton, Merritt Burnett, 
Ziba Burch, George Steel, Robert Croucher, .Joseph Hoi-, 
lenbeck, Dennis C. Wright, Fred Redder, Philip Gester, T. 
Davis, Lester Burton, Henry Ernst, H. Sterrell, E. F. 
Wider, E. Knapp, George Fish, A. Shepherd, Fred Jones. 

Over Age. — William Armitage, Edward Burrell, Calvin 

C. Sampson, Chris. Geotzman, Silivy Hardy, M. Cleary, 

D. McSweeny, C. Broown, Albert Harper, Morris Powers, 
Pat. Crogan, Michael Kellv. 

Under Age. — John P. I^isk, William H. Miller, Myron 

Alienage. — Thomes Andrews, Patrick Kelly, James Aden, 
Thomas Arzberger, William Mead, E. Ryon, George Frey, 



William Mode, Joseph Menanson, M. Leader, Fred Bramer, 
Michael Kelly, Charles Lower, M. Crawley, George LaPrue, 
Charles Brumer. 

Furnished Substitute. — Thomas J. Waldruff, J. B. Roberts, 
Hial Kenyon, Charles Goetzman, W. H. Peckham, John 
Hawley, E. Crouse E. D. Lampson, E. C. Hovey. 

In Service March 3, 1864. — David Benjamin, Nathan San- 

Support of Parents or Children. — D. Badgrove, Joseph W. 
Livermore, John Lamb, Annanias Wells, J. C. Watters'on, 
Wray S. Littlefield, William A. Birdsall, John Willoughby. 

Result not Ascertained in Collecting Information for this 
Work — Barney Madden, Dyer Merritt, Mitchell Gorman, 
William Lynch, John Lane, Nathaniel Benales, Robert Har- 
per Merritt Leader, Patrick Crane, Charles Lower, Michael 
Lulliver, Z. Birch, Michael Croney. 

Enrolled in First Class 169. Quota Drafted 46. 

Robert A. Catchpoll 
Elisha Blauvelt, 
Andrew Sheldon, 
Smith Seber, 
Almond Beels, 
William Terbush, 
John Miles, 
William Burnett, 
Thomas Miles, 
Talman L. Jones, 
George Slater, 
Alonzo Ward, 
Abram Featherly, 
Leman Andrews, 
Reuben Plumb, 
Ogden VanSicklen, 
Martin Darliijg, 
Frank Noy, 
Charles Davenport, 
David H. Andrus, 
George P. York, 
William H. Fowler, 

Israel Morey, 
Charles D. Harper, 
Eugene Seympur, 
Dexter Taylor, 
William Stone, 
James Davenport, 
Correll H. Upson, 
William Robinson, 
Charles Brewster, 
Robert Russell, 
Joseph Norris, 
Orson Dowd, 
William Sherman, 
Henry Terbush, 
Joseph Thorp, 
Ambrose Slaight, 
Judson Jones, 
Henry Heister, 
Egbert DeLong, 
Gilbert A. ChajJin, 
William Munger, 
Barney Terbush, 
Alfred Wilson. 

James Burns, 

Upon report at Auburn for examination, the following 
results appeared : 

Accepted for Service and Commuted by Paying Three Hundred 
Dollars.— Cha.rles Davenport, Charles Brewster, E. A. Catch- 



pole, W. H. Fowler, D. Andrews, William Terbush, Jr., O. 
VanSickler, T. L. Jones, Dexter Taylor, Joseph Thorp, 
Andrew Sheldon, Egbert DeLong. 

Discharged for Physical Disability. — E. Blauvelt, John D. 
Miller, Henry Terbush, L. A. Androus, William Burnett, 
Smith Seber, William Stone, Judson Jones, C. H. Upson, 
G. A. Slaght, A. Beales, W. Robinson, Joseph H. Norris, 
George P. York. 

Allienage and Non-Residence. — A. Featherly, Orson Dowd, 
Israel Morey, F. Noy, Henry Heisler. 

Support of Parents. — Gilbert Chapin, William Deady, C. 
D. Harper, R. F. Plumb, B. Terbush, James Davenport, 
Thomas Miles, WiUiam Munger, Jr. 

O'oer Age. — William Sherman. 

Went into Service. — Eugene Seymour, Martin Darling. 

Result not Ascertained in Collecting Data for this Work. — 
George Slater. Alonzo Ward, James Burns, Robert Russell, 
Alfred Wilson. 

Enrolled in First Class 346. Quota Drafted 94. 

Henry Raper, 
James Weller, 
John Siler, 
Samuel Jones, 
Chris Rooker, 
John Whitley, 
Stephen N. round, 
Harland P. Wilson, 
Josiah Bruno, Jr., 
Alfred W. Burnett, 
Edward Boss, 
Charles Barrick, 
Webster Fenger, 
John Fitzgerald, 
Patrick Kellehr, 
Daniel Rodenbach, 
William Eyer, 
Charles W. Smith, 
Edward Chappel, 
Michael Felock, 
Oliver Horn, 
Addison W. Gates, 
Alfred Lawson, 
James Dunn, 
William Cuddeback, 
E. M. Roy, 
Ira Neal, 

Alfred Fellers, 
Jeremiah Green, 
George Gucker, 
Phillip Eyer, 
WiUiam Jeffrey, 
Augustus A. Jones, 
John Comp, 
Samuel Twamley, 
George W. Barnum, 
Ebenezer Dean, 
Thomas S. Betts, 
William E. Tompkinson, 
Thomas Welch, 
Rodney Lane, 
Henry Benton, 
James DriscoU, 
Zach P. Dennler, 
John H. Camp, 
Fred Troutman, 
Eli B. Johnson, 
John D. McVicar, 
George Snyder, 
Robert Smith, 
James W. Vanderberg, 
John Bachaler, 
James Wallace, 
Peter Cline, 


James A. McMullin, George Yackel, 

Thomas M. Llewellyn, George Abert, 

John Lusk, William H. Penoyer, 

Calvin S. Palmeter, George W. Knowles, 

George P. Price, Spencer Barton, 

John Nellis, Edmund P. Pulver, 

John Snitzel, Charles H. Dickerson, 

Ira J. Whitney, Lewis Duvall, 

Henry VanEtten, Fred Boehmler, 

Jacob Oswaldt, John Krugman, 

Edward Gilbert, Henry Frazer, 

Foster Barclay, Phillip Benning, 

Sidney Patten, Henry Crimm, 

Thomas A. Little, Michael Conley, 

Isaac Hartman, George Armitage, 

Fred Hartnagle, Riley P. Merchant, 

William F. Male, George Norley, 

Charles W. Hinman, John T. Smith, 

Louis Frey, Samuel Buell, 

Daniel Barton, Charles Allen. 

U^on examination at Auburn the following result ap- 
peared : 

Accepted for Service and Commuted by the Payment of Three 
Hundred Dollars.-yN'\\\\'?iTn H. Penoyer, John A. Camp, Samuel 
Jones, Levi Devall, Augustus Jones, James Dunn, Edward 
Gilbert, Rodney D. Lane, Josiah Bruno, Jr., Daniel Roden- 
back, Henry Van Etten, Jacob Oswaldt, Fred Trout- 
man, George Yackel, John Silver, Robert Smith, Phillip 
Benning, Daniel Barton, Stephen N. Tound, Jeremiah Green, 
Charles H. Dickerson, George Snyder, James Weller, Fred. 
Hartnagle, George Albert, R. M. Benton, Spencer Barton, 
George W. Knowles, Christopher Rooker, WiUiam Eyer, 
Philip Eyer, Harland P. Wilson. 

Discharged for Physical Disqualifications. — Thos. A. Little, 
William T. Cuddeback, Charles W. Smith, Edward W. 
Boss, Charles W. Hinman, Isaac Hartman, John Lusk, Z. P. 
Dennler, Samuel Twomley, Ebenezer Dean, Eli B. Johnson, 
Ira I. Whitney, Alfred Lamson, Ira Neal, Foster Barclay, 
Thomas S. Betts, Alfred E. Burnett, Calvin S. Palmeter, 
Charles S. Barrick, Addison W. Gates, James W. Vanden- 
berg, Thomas M. Llewellyn, George P. Price, Samuel Buell, 
Henry R. Frazer, Louis Frey, James A. McMuUen, Riley 
P Merchant. 

Discharged for other reasons : 

Over Age. — Peter Cline, Alfred Fellers, George W. 
Barnum, George Norley. 



Under Age. — Henry Benton. 

Alienage or Non- Residence. — Edward Chappell, John Bach- 
elor, Patrick Kellehr, John Fitzgerald, William E. Tomp- 

Support of Parents. — Henry Grimm, Jr., Henry Raper, 
James Driscoll, John Krugman, Fred Boehmler, George 
Gucker, Michael Feiock, Edmund P. Pulver. 

In Service, March 3, 1863. John D. McVickar, John T. 
Smith, John H. Snitzel. 

Furnished Substitute. — Oliver Horn, William F. Male. 

Deceased. — James Wallace. 

Result not Ascertained. — John Whitley, Webster Fenger, 
Alfred Lawson, E. M. Roy, Ira Neal, William Jeffrey, John 
Comp, Thomas Welch, Zach. P. Dennler, John Nellis, Sid- 
ney Patten, Michael Conley, George Armitage, Charles 

Enrolled in First Class 307. Quota drafted 187. 

Alonzo Hill, 
Edward D. Gage, 
Nelson Hill, 
John N. Briggs, 
Augustus J. Jolly, 
James E. Wilkinson, 
Frank Foley, 
Nathan Phillips, 
Benjamin C. Thrasher, 
William Cahlett, 
Barney Glancy, 
John Wiles, 
George W. DeLong, 
Thomas Kane, 
Patrick Creton, 
Isaac Cramer, Jr., 
Peter Graton, Jr., 
Orland D. Davis, 
Job. Reeves, 
Wade H. Black, 
Marshall C. Lapham, 
Harry Rose, 
August Seigrest, 
Peter B. Briggs. 
Barney Corniff, 
John Rifenburg, 
Thomas Cook, 
Albert Pierce, 
Charles P Hurl but, 

William Walker, 
Ira L. Purdy, 
William Knapp, 
Erwin Davenport, 
William B. Lish, 
Edwin Lawler, 
John Crellen, 
Alfred Delong, 
James Jeffres, 
David Lake, 
Richard Meade, 
William P. Lapham, 
William Greene, 
John Bills, 
Thomas J. Bradley, 
Barney Burns, 
Myron Barnhart, 
Albert Dechard, 
Byron Ford, 
Joseph Bird, 
John Bird, 
Lyman Anthony, 
Henry Linden, 
Michael Ryan, 
Timothy Maxwell, 
Anthony Flagler, 
Lambert Wigglesworth, 
Luther Wigglesworth, 
Luther Warring, 


William Hall, Berryman Shourds, 

Henry Spain, Carlton Weeks. 

George Danfit, John Ryan. 

James FitzPairick, Alonzo Bram, 

Garrett Dennis, John Link, 

Henry Greene, William T. Hall, 

Spencer Ford, Mich. Nooning. 

Wilham Dunsmore, Jr., Henry Williams, 

Timothy Foggerty, Henry Smith, 

Peter Lawler, Anthony White, 

Cyrus Packard, Patrick Dewkins, 

Robert Dalany, Jefferson Sherman, 

oornehus Lyon, Samuel Norman, 

Brazilla Kiff, Michael Griffin, 

Thomas J. Bussey, Alvin Jones. 

Upon examination at Auburn the following was the classi- 
fication that resulted : 

Accepted for Service and Paid Commutation Three Hundred 
Dollars.— Isa&c Cramer, Jr., Joseph Bird, William T. Hall, 
J. W. Briggs, P. B. Briggs, B. J. Shourds, George Belong, 
M. Barnhart, Nelson Hill, Albert Pearce, Thomas J. Bussey, 
Irwin Davenport, Charles Hurlbut, C. Lyon, E. D. Gage, 
J. G. Wilkinson, S. A. Bram, W. P. Lapham, C. Packard, 
William Knapp, Spencer Ford, John E. Bills, Arthur Flag- 
ler, O. D. Davis, William Green, Henry Green. 

Discharged for Physical Disability. — M. C. Lapham, Ira I. 
Purdy, G. Denise, A. Dechard, William Dunmore, Jr., John 
Link, Samuel Norman, A. Delong, W. H. Black, William B. 
Lisk, Jefferson Sherman. 

Support of Parents. — John Bird, James Fitzpatrick, Alonzo 
Hill, Peter Lawler, N. Phillips, T. L. Cook, B. Glancy, T. 
Maxwell, B. C. Thrasher, John Rifenburgh. 

Over Age or Under Age. — Timothy Foggerty, H. Williams, 
Patrick Durkin, H. Smith, A. Jones, Michael Nooning, 
William Walker, H. Rose, A. J. JoUey, C. Weeks, B. Corniff, 
Pat Dunkin. 

Alienage or Non-Residence. — William Corlett, Thomas Kane, 
John.Ryen, R. Delanj^, George Danfit, Henry Spain, 
Byron Ford, B. H. Kipp, L. Waring, H. Linden. 

In Service March T,d. — R. T. Mead, Simeon Anthony. 

Furnished Substitute. — Frank Foley. 

Enlisted. — John Ryan, James Jeffrey, L. Wigglesworth, 
Augustus Seigrest. 

Result not Ascertained in Collecting Information for this 
Book. — William Hall, James Foley, David Lake, Peter 
Graton, Jr., John Wiles, John Grillen, Edwin Lawler, Michael 



Griffen, Michael Ryan, Job Reeves, Thomas J. Bradley, 
Anthony White, Barney Burns. 

Enrolled in First Class 187, Quota Drafted 53. 

Abram Johnson, 
Joseph Savoy, 
Justus B. Crane, 
Jeremiah Clark, Jr., 
Joseph Hunt, 
Abner Noviss, 
Albert B. Short, 
Clark S. Mason, 
William J. Holling, 
Henry C. Lay, 
William Croucher, 
Winfield S. Smith, 
Adrian Sayles, 
David C. Pulver, 
Jacob Morrison, 
Furman A. Hover, 
Cornelius Cortville, 
James N^ Adams, 
Seth B. Dean, 
Thomas K. Youngs, 
Isaac Johnson, 
Jacob VanLeary, 
Peter McKulsan, 
Jeremiah M. Huntington, 
Jarhes Leonard, 
Lewis Arnold, 

William A. Peckham, 
Orrin R. Atwell, 
Patrick Kaley, 
Harvey Rice, 
William C. Negus, 
George H. Durfee, 
Joseph Sanford, 
John E. Eisentrager, 
Esbon B. Pratt, 
Harrison W. Potter, 
David C. Dean, 
Alfred Brown, 
Charles H. Snyder, 
Oliver R. Atwell, 
Fred. L. VanOstrand, 
William H. Tripp, 
Oliver Hill, 
Parley Hill, 
Thomas W. Clark, 
Lawson Steele, 
John Wolfe, 
John Bedford, 
John H. Schuyler, 
Nathan Rundell, 
Seth C. Harkness, 
Jacob S. Crane. 

These names were disposed of as follows : 

Accepted for Service and Commuted on Payment of Three 
Hundred Dollars. — J. Hunt, H. C. Lay, William C. Negus, 
Oliver Hill, O. R. Atwell, S. B. Dean, F. L. Van Ostrand, 
Joseph Sanford, Lewis Arnold, E. B. Pratt, Parley Hill, 
James M. Adams, John H. Schuyler, William H. Peckham. 

Discharged for Physical Disability. — D. C. Pulver, S. E. 
Harkness, F. A. Hover, H. W. Potter, C. S. Mason, J. S. 
Crane, Peter McGibson, Joseph Savoy, C. Cartville, J. B. 
Clark, Jr., J. M. Huntington, J. E. Eisentrager, W. F. Smith, 
D. D. Dean, H. Hendricks, J. B. Crane, A. Sayler, William 
H. Tripp, Isaac Johnson, Charles H. Snyder, Thomas M. 
Clark, John Wolfe. 

Alienage.: — A. Johnson, J. Morrison. 

Substitute. — William Croucher. 



Support of Parents. — J. VanLeary, John Bedford. 

In Service March 3^. — A. Noviss, William Holling. 

Went into the Service. — Albert B. Short. 

Result not Ascertained. — Joseph Hunt, Thomas K. Young, 
James Leonard, Patrick Kaley, Harvey Rice, George H. 
Durfee, Joseph Sanford, Alfred Brown, Oliver Hill, Law- 
son Steele, Nathan Rundell. 

Enrolled in First Class 244. Quota Drafted 68. 

George Bean, 
George Starr, 
Agillus J. Hopkins, 
Isaac Lackner, 
William Donohue, 
Daniel Decker, 
Eleazer A. King, 
Chris Graham, 
Abram Artlip, 
George H. Brown, 
Benjamin Green, 
Simon Lackner, 
James Dodswell, 
George P. Davis, 
James A. Barnhart, 
Stephen Deitz, 
Benjamin R. Mack, 
Stephen B. Lamphier, 
Alonzo H. Bigs by, 
Henry M. Goodwin, 
Fred. Himoss, 
George Granger, 
Charles Stacy, 
Adam Johnson, 
Jacob Bean, 
Barton Quimby, 
Toswing Lawrence, 
John Parsow, 
James Clark, 
Richard Ridley, 
William Kirk, 
Chauncey N. Smith, 
Abel J. Bixby, 
James Laboo, 

Henry O. Hopkins, 
John M. Palmer, 
Beriah Green, 
John Gaston, 
John Wood, 
Eph Lockman, 
George Millen, 
James M. Gaston, . 
Edson Clark, 
Silas Lawton, 
Charles J. Grant, 
Andrew J. Rood, 
George W. Bostwick, 
Norman Teetor, 
John Allen, 
Henry Kopft, 
Samuel Gurnee, 
P. Lackner, 
Joseph H. Sherburne, 
D. Spencer, 
James Eaton, 
George W. Rood, 
Raymond A. Woodham, 
Nick Jobse, 
John B. Mack, 
Fred. Chipman, 
Frank Hooper, 
Henry Goff, 
George H. Preston, 
Calvin Allen, 
John W. Robinson, 
Joseph Lefroist, 
Lawrence Kelley, 

Burton H. Hopkins. 
The above names drawn were finally classified as follows : 
Accepted for Service and Commuted at Three Hundred 
Z'tf//«r.y.— Stephen Diets, George H. Preston, John B, Mack, 


John A. Sherbourne, James Clarke, Beriah Green, George 
P. Davis, B. J. Hopkins, C. C. Graham, Henry Gough, 
C. N. Smith, John Gaston, N. Teetor, Edson Clark, Benjamin 
R. Mack, James A. Barnhart, Henry O. Hopkins. 

Discharged for Physical Disability. — A. J. Bixby, A. J. 
Hopkins, D. Spencer, L. Kelley, B. Quimby, George Starr, 
George Bean, R. A. Woodham, S. Gurnee, G. W. Rood, 
George Granger, G. H. Millen, Charles Stacey, George H. 
Brown, Jacob Bean, A. H. Bixby, Calvin Allen, James 
Lafrois, J. J. Allen, Benjamin Green, H. P. Hopkins, Adam 

Over Age and Under Age. — James Dodsworth, A. J. Rood. 
H. McGavanin, James Eaton, Fred. Chipman. 

Support of Parents. — James M. Gaston, S. Lackner, E. A. 
King, Eph Lockman, Abram Artlip, Charles Grant. 

Aliens. — Richard Ridley, Fred. Heenis, James Laboo, 
William Kirk, LW. ictor. 

Furnished Substitute. — N. Jobse, F. Hooper, John W. 

Died before reporting. — Daniel Decker. 

Went into Service. — Isaac Lackner, died ; Stephen B. Lam- 
phier, died ; George Granger, John Wood, never returned ; 
Peter Lackner, died ; George W. Bostwick. 

Result not Ascertained.-^Toswing Lawrence, John Parsons, 
Silas Lawton, Henry Koppt. 

A peculiar instance occurred in this draft. William Dono- 
hue had previously enlisted twrice and been rejected for 
physical disability. Under the draft the examining physician 
declared him sound and held him for service. 

Enrolled in First Class 353. Quota Drafted 103. 

Henry N. Johnson, Jacob Verbrugge, 

Gen. H. Townsend, John Conklin, 

George Cornell, Thomas Johnson, 

Hall Purdy, James Burrigin, 

Charles C. Y agger, Edward Stark, 

Martin Long, John Semmer, 

Philo Wilcox, George Soper, 

John Mundy, James McManigal, 

William Fay, Fred Clemens, 

Richard Ames, John Shilling, 

Percy S. Clark, Myron H. Avery, 

William Hagar, John P. Vail, 

George Bunting, Samuel Frost, 

H. Kirkland White, Michael Golden, 



Thomas N. Hicks, 
John McConvill, 
James McLoy, 
John Mclntyre, 
Henry Concklin, 
Thomas Chapman, 
John Sickles, 
Fred Beck, 
Henry Taylor, 
Joseph C. Parker, 
George Behan, 
Joseph S. Williamson, 
John Arthur, 
William E. Morton, 
Rens Acker, 
Adelbert Lard, 
George French, 
Alonzo R. Sherman, 
William P. Jenner, 
James H. Johnson, 
Wesson B. Mosier, 
Evander Aldrich, 
William M. Smith, 
Benjamin R. Moore, 
Julius C. Hitchcock, 
Abraham Van Schafflen, 
Henry Burr, 
Jeremiah Fisher, 
Henry Lougley, 
John Dean, 
Elisha Kellogg, 
John Monogue, 
Peter Van Ryan, 
William H. Sherman, 
Abraham Wagonmaker, 
John Hay, 
Peter E. Nier, 
Michael Kelley, 

The following were the results of the examination : 

Held for Service and Discharged on Payment of Three Hundred 
Dollars Commutation. — John P. Vail, Henry M.Johnson, Will- 
iamW. Myrick, Hall Purdy, Renssellaer Acker, John Conklin, 
Peter Warner, Abram Wagonmaker, George Cornell, Gil- 
bert H. Reeves, Alfred J. Walton, James S. Monton, Abram 
Campbell, Philo D. Wilcox, John Arthur, Thomas Chap- 
man, Myron H. Avery, George H. Townsend, Wesson B. 

Robert B. Phettiplace, 
Isaac Ballard, 
Matthew Malone, 
Addison Rice, 
John Brene, 
L. J. G. Burchard, 
George Williams, 
Jack Bristol, 
Phil. Quigley, 
C. W. WilHamson, 
Myron P. White, 
Thomas Cornell, 
Patrick McGraw, 
Lucius Green, 
Embury Moore, 
A. J. Walton, 
Van S. Crandall, 
George N. Wilcox, 
John Allice, 
Gilbert H. Reeves, 
Joseph Johnson, 
George N. Williams, Jr. 
Simon Forsj'th, 
James S. Monton, 
WiUiam W. Myrick, 
Eugene Hazen, 
Peter Warner, 
Chancey Hyde, 
John C. Gamwell, 
Baldwin Jagger, 
William Harris, 
William Jeffrey, 
Fred Wellman, 
Peter C. Howell, 
Smith Sanford, 
John Franks, 
Abram Campbell. 


Mosher, A. Rice, George N. Wilcox, A. R. Sherman, Thos. 
Cornell, A. J. Walton, Chauncey F. Hyde, Peter C. Howell, 
George Behan, William P. Jenner. 

Dischaged for Physical Disability. — Tracy S. Clark, Eugene 
Hazen, Benjamin Moore, Joseph Williamson, Richard 
Ames Jeremiah Fisher, John McConville, Samuel Frost, 
John AUis, Embury C. Moore, George N. Williams, Jr., 
Charles C. Jagger, F. W. demons, Jacob Verbru^e, 
George Soper, Isaac Ballard, John Shilling, George C. Will- 
iams, Joseph C. Parker, Henry Burr, Peter E. Near, William 
Jeffrey, William Faly, Matthew Malone, George French, 
William H. Sherman, Thomas Hicks, C. W. WilHamson. 

Over and Under Age. — Lucius Green, Joseph Johnson, 
Jack DriscoU, William Harris, James Berigin, John Sickles. 
William Hazen. 

Alienage. — Julius C. Hichcock, Fred Wellman, John Sem- 
mer, John Landy, Michael Kelly. 

Support of Relatives. — Elisha Kellogg, Henry Conklin, 
John Hay, J. H. Nicol. 

In Service or Honorably Discharged. — George Bunting, 
Philip Quigley. 

Furnished a Substitute. — William E. Morton. 

Entered Service. — Thomas Johnson, Adelbert Laird, 
Evander Aldrich. 

Result not Ascertai7ied. — Martin Long, H. Kirkland White, 
Edward Stark, James McManigal, James McLoy, John 
Mclntyre, Fred. Beck, Henry Taylor, George French, 
William M. Smith, Abram VanSchaffelin, Henry Longley, 
John Dean, John Monogue, Peter Van Ryan, Robert B. 
Phettiplace, Myron P. White, Pat McGraw, Van S. Crandall, 
Simon Forsyth, John C. Camwell, Baldwin Jagger, Smith 
Sanford, John Franks. 

Enrolled in First Class 175. Quota Drafted 49. 

Lemon Ellsworth, P. Jerome Thomas, 

John B. IngersoU, Leander Mirick, 

George Howland, David Cisco. 

Eson Young, Charles H. BilHng. 

William Feeck, James B. Aldrich, 

George Dickson, Thomas W. Powell, 

Walter Winchell, John L. Phillips, 

Charles J. Mirick, William C. Waldron, 

Charles Corell, James Cullen, 

"Albert Graham, Judson C. Boynton, 

John C. Robinson, John Wicks, 

Roswell Marsh, George Catchpole, 

Thomas Harwell, William N. Deady, 



Edward Stickles, 
James Barnes, 
Luman Barrett, 
John Ray, 
George Rheim, 
Daniel Olds, 
Fernando Miner, 
John Weeks, 
Philander Mitchell, Jr., 
Eugene Town, 
Benjamin Jeffers. 

John Barrett, 
Jackson Andrews, 
Charles Lyman, 
John Gage, 
Charles Deady, 
Nelson Ferguson, 
Daniel Foster, 
William Peto, 
William Tungate, 
Lewis Frey, 
James J. Dodd, 
Samuel Lyman, 

Upon report at Auburn and examination, the following 
results appeared : 

Accepted and Commuted on Payment of Three Hundred 
Dollars. — Charles Lyman, Lewis Fry, George Dickson, 
Charles J. Mirick, E. Young, E. Town, P. J. Thomas, J. 
CuUen, David Cisco, Samuel Lyman, James Barnes. 

Discharged for Physical Disability. — John L. Phillips, W. 
Winchell, L. Ellsworth, P. Mitchell, Jr., John Ray, F. Miner, 
William Peto, William Feeck, George Catchpole, Charles 
Deady, Daniel Olds, J. C Boynton, E. Stickles, James 
Dodds, George Behm, George Howland, Benjamin Jeffers, 
John A. Gage, William Tungate, Charles Corell, James B. 
Aldrich, A. G. Graham, N. Furguson, C. H. Billings, John 
B. IngersoU, D. M. Foster, John Barrett. 

Alienage. — John Weeks, Thomas Harll. 

Substitute. — John C. Robinson. 

Over Age. — L. L. Burritt. 

Brothers in Service.—K.o%yN&\\ Marsh. 

Support of Parents or Children. — Thomas W. Powell, J. 
Andrews, William Deady. 

Not Accounted for in Newspaper Reports. — Leanrier Merick, 
William C. Waldron. 


Enrolled in First 

Hiram Lamb, 
Patrick Conners, 
Chauncey O. Miller, 
Elijah Greenfield, 
Peter Blaisdell, 
William Hamlin, 
David Burroughs, 
Henry Zulauf, 
Sanford Down, 
Patrick Mahar, 

Class 207. Quota Drafted 57. 

John Hogan, 
Charles 1 aylor, 
Sidney Blakeman, 
David Forchee, 
Reuben S. Conant, 
Fidelus Searle, 
Harvey Blaisdell, 
Orbal Yoran, 
Oliver M. May, 
Combasas Wilson, 


Edward Newell, Charles Wright, 

HoUister Hamilton, Jerome Mackey, 

Richard S. Crandall, John Berge, 

Theodore P. IngersoU, Delos Betts, 

Charles Searle, John Petteys, 

Robert Watts, Cornelius DriscoU, 

Jason Cleveland, William Taylor, 

Nathaniel Dibble, Charles H. Lockwood, 

Charles Carver, Owen Foster, 

Andriis Vorce, Henry E. Seaman, 

Edmund Priest, Theodore Dakarst, 

John T. Crandall, Horace Wadsworth, 

William Grosfend, John Donohiie, 

Matthew Ford, Peter Baggerly, 

Michael Moratti, James O. Grid ley, 

John Santy, William Penney, 

George Merritt, Harlow C. Bishop, 

Abram Caywood, Daniel Adams. 
Erasfus Dunham, 

Upon examination the following classification resulted : 

A ccepted for Service and Commuted on Payment of . Three 
Hundred Dollars. — John T. Crandall, Orba Yoran, H. 
Wadsworth, P. Baggerly, William Penny, H. E. Seamans, 
John T. Crandall, A. Goran, H. Wadsworth, P Baggerly, 
Andrus Vorce, Owen Foster, R. S. Crandall, A. Caywood, 
John Pettys, F. Searles, W. H. Hamlin. 

Discharged for Physical Disqualifications. — H. Hamilton, 
C. Wilson, Charles Wright, Peter Blaisdell, C. Taylor, H. 
Lamb, J. Priest, D. Betts, W. Taylor, H. Blaisdell, H. 
Zulouf, J. Mackey, Charles Searles, J. Hogan, N. A. Gros- 
fend, J. Cleveland, Calvin H. Bishop, Oliver M. May. 

Support of Parents. — D. Adams, O. V. Miller, T. P- 

Over Age. — James O. Gridley, P. Conners, Pat Mahar, D. 

Alienage. — M. Marrote, M. Ford. 

Non-Resident. — R. H. Conant. 

Under Age. — Robert H. Watts. 

Furnished Substitute. — John Berge r. 

Went into the Service. — Elijah Greenfield. 

Result not Ascertained. — David Burroughs, Sanford Down, 
Sidney Blakeman, Edward Newell, Nathaniel Dibble, Chas! 
Carver, John Santy, George Merritt, Erastus Dunham, 
Cornelius DriscoU, Charles H. Lockwood, Theodore Dak- 
harst, John Donohue. 



Enrolled in First Class 442. Quota Drafted 142. 

John D. Proseus, 
James Van Tyle, 
Henry M. Andrews, 
Warren Fields, 
John Steegar, 
George Toor, 
Robert H. Poucher, 
Aaron Sager, 
P. A. Pilshaw, 
Martin Lamb, 
Wiilisss Mason, 
Joseph Turner. 
Henry Pulver, 
Henry Troop, 
Henry Buys, 
Pennington Ferguson, 
Daniel Clum, 
Elisha Thornton, 
Edward Edwards, 
Theodore B. Trowbridge, 
John S. Johnson, 
George Wilson, 
Isaac Cliquenoi, 
Morris Mason, 
William H. Riggs, 
Emery W. Gurnee, 
Charles H. Case, 
John C. Richardson, 
Cornelius Whitbeck, 
William S Granger, 
James L. Sport, 
John Mclntyre, 
Andrew Miller, 
James. Oldfield, 
Samuel Brundage, 
Benjamin Felker, 
Laurin H. Allen, 
Anthony Faulis, 
William A. Cuer, 
Thomas B. Storm, 
Elijah Gregor, 
Walter Messenger, 
Martin H. Morley, 
George W. Carpenter, 

Richard Lawley, 
Walter Teeter, 
Isaac Clark, 
William Degan, 
Henry C. Hallett, 
Harrison Turner, 
Addison G. Welch, 
Amos Foster, 
WiUiam Horner, 
Abram Van Dume, 
Richard S. Borradeile, 
Joseph Turnley, 
Myron Van Ihvvagen, 
Charles H. Cooper, 
George H. Cox, 
Harvey E. Potter, 
James R. Riesbau, 
James B. Case, 
Jabez Parsons, 
James Melburn, 
Marshall J. Ladue, 
James R. Gaffield, 
Thomas D. Harrison, 
John Torr, 
Sylvester A. Cook, 
Peter Mulley, 
Francis T. Pulver, 
Stephen Axtell, 
Elisha Smedley, 
John I. Morley, 
Samuel B. Green, 
Elisha H. Jewell, 
Jacob Messenger, 
Daniel Van Hute, 
WiUiam W. Welch 
William T. Dorsey, 
Cortez Simons, 
Thomas Toor, 
Lewis H. Sergeant, 
Jacob Pulver, 
Abram V. Gibbs, 
Lamson S. Pitcher, 
Richard Toor, 
Porter P. Butts, 



George Messenger, 
John Clark, 
Samuel I. Taylor, 
Myron H. Peeler, 
Luman Smith, 
John Sergeant, 
Ely Snyder, 
Daniel Bly, 
John Burt, 
Victor Clum, 
Benjamin A. Hopkins, 
George A. Frudy, 
Andrew J. Wilson, 
Aaron Closs, 
Refine B, Poucher, 
Phillip H. Hoot, 
George W. Stratton, 
Joseph Doveil, 
John M. Prosens, 
Anthony Bogart, 
Willard Wackman. 
Jacob Cole, 
Sancho Harris, 
Paul D. Baldwin, 
Charles Thompson, 
Curtis Wheeples, 
Robert Pulver, 

and examination the following 

Charles Sheldon, 
Henry G. Pratt, 
Ebenezer Powell, 
Thomas Derry, 
Lorin Steever, 
Charles Z. Case, 
Horace W. Taylor, 
Charles C. Weeks, 
EHsha C. Munson, 
A. Eggleston, 
Eli Darling, 
John Hartman, 
Charles R. Sprong, 
Martin Marinus, 
William A. Wheadon, 
Albert Lake, 
Abram Olibrand, 
John White, 
Charles T. Morley, 
George Garlock, 
Spencer Case, 
Alexander B. Williams, 
Nathan B. Sergeant, 
James Chandler, 
Thomas Turner, 
Wallace Teeter, 
George Farringer, 

Upon report at Auburn 
classification resulted : 

Held for Service and Commuted by Paying Three Hundred 
Dollars. — John D. Proseus, Warren Fields, George Toor, 
Joseph Turner, Henry Pulver, T. B. Trowbridge, George 
Wilson, E. W. Gurnee, J. C. Richardson, W. S. Granger, J. 
Mclntyre, Isaac Clark, Wm. Homer, R. Borradaile, M. P. 
Van Inwagen, J. H. Fox, H. P. Potter, C. Whitbeck, Francis 
Pulver, C. Simmons, Thomas Toor, Abram B. Gibbs, L. L*. 
Pitcher, Richard Toor, C. Powell, A. B. Williams, Thomas 
Turner, George Messenger, John Clark, M. H. Peeler, 
Luman Smith, John Sergeant, Daniel Bley, P D. Baldwin, 
Isaac Cliquenoi, John Prosens, Willard W'ackman, Robert 
Pulver, Charles H. Case, A. J. Wilson, Martin Lamb, Daniel 
Klumpp, Elisha Thornton, George W. Carpenter, H. C. 
Hallett, S. B. Green, E. Smedley, Walter Teeter, A. J. 
Wilson, N. P Sergeant, H. W. Taylor, M. Lamb, A. Inger- 
soU, P. Felshaw, John Sergeant, Jacob Messenger, Lewis H. 


Went into the Service. — Stephen Axtell, H. D. Merritt. 

Discharged for Physical Disqualifications. — Charles T. Mor- 
ley, John Toor, James B. Case, T. J. Taylor, Charles Thomp- 
son, John Stegar, Henry Troop, E. Edwards, L. H. Adams 
T. B. Storm, W. Messenger, William A. Wheadon, W. W 
Welch, J. White, George H. Cox, Albert Lake, George Gar- 
lock, Eli Snyder, John Burt, B. A. Hopkins, R. B. Poucher 
George Stratton, A. Foster, A. Van Dusen, Jabez Parsons 
James Melborne, S. H. Cook, Charles R. Sprong, J. J. Mor 
ley, P. P. Butts, Horace W. Taylor, John Cole, John Sticker, 
William A. Riggs, Jacob Taylor, J. H. Holland, M. Ladue. 
George Frudy. A. B. Williams, Charles H. Case, James 
Oldfield, Jacob Pulver, John Cole. 

Support of Parents or Children. — Wallace Teeter, Henrv 
Buys, S. Brundage, D. Van Hute, James Van Tuyl, E. Fl. 

Over Age.* — Benjamin Felker, James R. Brisbane, William 
Degan, Curtis Wheples, Robert H. Poucher,f Nathan B. 

Alienage or Non-Residence. — Anthony Falis, R. Lawley, 
Victor Clum, Thomas Derry, Charles C. Weeks, Charles 2. 
Case, Martin Marinus. 

Furnished Substitute. — Joseph Tunley, M. H. Morley, Elisha 

In Service or Enlisted at this Time. — James A. Chandler, 
A. Bogart, A. Oli brand, Eli Darling, WiUiam T. Dorsey. 

Result not Ascertained. — Henr}' M. Andrews, Aaron Sager,, 
Pennington Ferguson, John A. Johnson, Morris Mason, 
James L. Short, Andrew Miller, William A. Cuer, Elijah" 
Gregor, Harrison Turner, Addison G. Welch, Abram Van 
Dame, Charles H. Cooper, James R. Gaffield, Thomas D. 
Harrison, Peter Muliie, Charles Sheldon, Henry G. Pratt,. 
Lorin Stever, A. Eggleston, John Hartman, Spencer Case, 
George Farringer, Samuel J. Taylor, Aaron Closs, Joseph 
Doviel, Jacob Cole, Sancho Harris; 

Enrolled in First Glass 198. Quota Drafted 55. 

Charles Fosdick, William Rudkin, 

Andrew j. Conrow, Thomas Clark, 

*It should be noticed that "over age " means over 35, as that was the limit 
of the first class from which the draft was made. 

f Robert H. Poucher took affidavits from home that he was over 35, but Gen. 
Knapp, the Provost Marshall, demanded a presentation of original records, so 
Mr. Poucher packed the large old Family Bible into a satchel and produced 
the veritable entry of his birth. The officials were satisfied. 




Thomas T. Birdsall, 
Edwin Powell, 
Benjamin Brown, 
Lewis Gardner, 
Rens Clemons, 
Marcus L. Wiser, 
Myron W. Reed, 
Conrad Stumpt, 
Collins Heron, . 
William Evert, 
Eleazer P. Buckley, 
John P. Stebbins, 
David Courter, 
George B. Mathewson, 
John McLouth, 
Daniel Miller, 
James S. Wilson, 
Theron J. Finley, 
William J. Robinson, 
Magnus Leupobs, 
John Potter, 
Otto Paulus, 
Morrison H. Stephens, 
Robert Williams, 
James H .Winslow, 

Jacob S. Bills, 
George B. Bancroft, 
Volney Hunt, 
Alexander Newbury, 
Palmer B. Stout, 
Patrick McGreal, 
John H. Osburn, 
Alfred Denn, 
Charles H. Jennings, 
John Smith, 
Nathan L. Lusk, 
John T. Watson, 
Hiram S. Mathewson, 
Peter McNally, 
Byron L. Hoag, 
Almon L. Waterman, 
William S. Hodges, 
George W. Clark, 
Henry R. Whitlock, 
Jerome Lawrence, 
George N. Warren, 
Edward Cain, 
Samuel Lockwood, 
Thaddeus O. Fellows, 
Theron E. Underhill, 
Artemus T. White, 

Upon report at Auburn this list was disposed of as 
follows : 

Accepted for Service and Commuted by paying Three Hun- 
dred Dollars. — J. Lawrence, T. Clark, E. Powell, Conrad 
Stumpht, E. B. Buckley, A. Waterman, M. W. Reed, A. J. 
Conrow, R. Clemons, N. T. Lusk, M. L. Hoag, Thomas T. 
Birdsall, Charles Fosdick, William Rankin, Samuel Lock- 
wood, M. L. Wiser, George N. Warren, George B. Mathew- 
son, John Smith, M. Leupobs, T. J. Finley, William J. Robin- 
son, A. E. Denn, Daniel Miller, Lewis Gardner, James S. 
Wilson, Volney Hunt, P. McGreal. 

Discharged for Physical Disability. — J. W. Winslow, P. B. 
Stout, A. J. Underhill, ft. D. Mathewson, Henrv R. Whit- 
lock, John P. Stebbins, G. W. Clark, J. PotteV, Jacob S. 
Bills, W. Everts, E. Aken, A. H. Newberry, Collin' Heron, 
George E. Bancroft. 

Non-Residence. — Morrison H. Stephens, A. Ford. 

Support of Parents. — W. Hodge, B. Brown, Jr. 

Went into Service. — A. T.-,White. 

Alienage.—?. McNally, J. H. Osborn, Otto Paulus. 



Result not Ascertained. — Charles H. Jennings, John T. 
Watson, Edward Cain, David Courter, John McLouth, 
Robert Wilharas, James H. Winslow, Thaddeus O. Fellows. 

Enrolled in First Class 213. Quota Drafted 60. 

Lafayette White, 
Albert Lockwood, 
William Pugsley, 
Isaac M. Fish, 
Jacob O. Ridgeway, 
Charles Robinson, 
John Clicquinnoi, 
Hiram Cogswell, 
George Tripp, 
William Fuller, 
Howard Squier, 
Stephen Bordon, 
John M. Reynolds, 
David Milham, 
George Gills, 
Stephen Drum, 
John Karles, 
William Colwell, 
A. C. Clicquinnoi, 
Hiram J. White, 
Harmon Fellers, 
Amos White, Jr. 
William Fleming, 
Merwin Pallister, 
Henry J. Miller, 
William R. Liddle, 
William Kenyon, 
John H. Powell, 
Cornelius Collier, 
Peter Buerman, 

Abram Plaschart, 
William Thomas, 
Adrian Caton, 
John Goodman, 
Martin Ham, 
Matt Falkner, 
Horace B. Nash, 
John O. Fleming, 
William Eaton, 
Ezek L. Cooper, 
John Otier, 
Melvin Fleming, 
James W Gordon, 
Daniel Danforth, 
Arnold Albright, 
Henry M. Heath, 
Robert Malcomb, 
George W. White, 
Peter De Lap, 
William P. Russell, 
D. Tyler Dunning, 
William H. Roys, 
Jona W. Folger, 
John Miller, 
Merritt Cogswell, 
George M. Cole, 
Hiram A. Stephens, 
James A. Stoutenburg, 
David Verbridge, 
John H. Holland. 

The above list resulted upon examination at Auburn, as 
follows : 

• Accepted for Service and Paid Three Hundred Dollars Com- 
mutation. — William Thomas, William Eaton, J. A. Ridgeway, 
P. DeLass, John C. Fleming, J. Otier, H. J. Miller, George 

Paid Three Hundred Dollars. — David Verbridge, J. W. 
Alger, H. Feller, H. B. Nash, John Cliquenoy, A. Cliquenoy, 
M. P. Pallister, R. J. Malcolm, Peter Buerman, W. Kenyon, 
M. Colwell, John C. Fleming, George Gill, John M. 
Reynolds, John Otier, Robert Malcolm, John W. Folger. 



Discharged for Physical Disability. — John Miller, M. Coges- 
well, J. H. Fish, H. Coggswell, William Fuller, James W. 
Gordon, William R. Russell, H. Squire, John Carles, S.^ 
Borden, A. Platschart, E. L. Cooper, D. Danforth, D. Milham, 
Isaac M. Fish, Albert Lockwood, Charles Robinson, George 
Tripp, John H. Powell, Amos White, Jr., John H. Holland, 
Martin Ham, George M. Cole. 

Support of Parents or Children. — William R. Liddle, 
Melvin H. Fleming, William Pugsley, D. T. Dunning, 
George W. White. 

Substitutes. — A. Albright, Stephen Drum, James H. 

Over Age and Under Age. — Lafayette White. 

Aliens. — ^^M. Faulkner, C. Collier. 

At S^-a.— William H. Roys. 

Went into Service. — John Wood. 

Result not Ascertained. — Hiram J. White, Adrian Caton> 
John Goodman, Henry M. Heath, Abram A. Stephens. 

Enrolled in First Class 263. Quota Drafted 75. 

Noah Wood, 
Abijah W. Moore, 
Loren Gray, 
Sylvester Sebring, 
Alphonso F. Barr, 
John W. Copeland, 
James Covert, 
Richard Thompson, 
Lucien Dudley, 
Henry Mitchell, 
William H. Worth, 
Andrew Sebring, 
Robert Raney, 
Edgar Phelps, 
Joseph W. Mills, 
Samuel N. Millen, 
Lewis Wells, 
William Roe, 
George Snyder, 
Wesley Hall, 
Lay Fayette Sutfin, 
William J. Johnson, 
Daniel Wadsworth, 
Edward Shephard, 
Morris E. Selover, 
Andrew J. Creque, 

James Boyd, 
Henry Jacobs, 
Adrian Easton, 
Patrick Ragan, 
Philander Peer, 
William R. Hamilton, 
Gilbert Fisher, 
Seth Ira Hole, 
Edward C. Jones, 
Erastus Burch, 
David H. Fink, 
Oscar Pitts, 
Columbus Hageman, 
Edward Frost, 
John Malone, 
Philip Turner, 
Andrew B. Medan, 
Edward Baker, 
Avery Green, 
Daniel Murray, 
Isaac J. Frost, 
Fred K. Flint, 
Horace Hendrick, 
Nathan Chase, 
Oliver Welden, 
John Cook, 


Willson Edwards, William Scott, 

George H. Douglass, William Johnson, 

John Labor, Simeon Miller, 

James H. Chapman, George Roberts, 

Jacob Van Alstine, Henry Whiton, 

Edward Rushloe, William Eakins, 

George P. Dykeman, Edward Johnson, 

Joseph Reynolds, Philo Edwards, 

James Hickok, Andrew Wilcox, 

Robert Douglass, Ira*Drury, 

Benjamin Waldron, Cornelius W. Dewitt. 
Walter W. Paddock, 

Upon examination the following results were reached : 

Accepted for Service and Paid Three Hundred Dollars Com- 
mutation. — A. B. Wilcox, James H. Chapman, A. F. Burr, 
Wesley Hall, Andrew J. Creque, A. V. Easton, William D. 
Johnson, J. Reynolds, Edward C. Jones, G. P. Dykeman, 
James Covert, Lewis C. Wells, George Snyder. 

Discharged for Physical Disability. — Joseph W. Mills, 
Henry Michael, L. H. Dudley, Ira Drury, William Aikens, 
John W. Copeland, Nathan Chase, J. Hale, James Hiscock, 
G. Fisher, William H. Worth, William R. Hamilton, Morris 
Selover, A. B. Medan, William Scott, Fred Flint, Henry 
Jacobs, C. Dewitt, William J. Johnson, Patrick Kegan, L. 
L Sutphin, E. Johnson, Simeon Miller, George Roberts, 
Oliver Whedon, Edward Frost, Philip Turner, A. W. 
Moore, Noah Wood, Benjamin Waldron David O. Fink, 
William Roe, Erastus Beach, John Malone, Horace 
Hendrick, Henry Whiton. 

Support of Parents. — Daniel Murray, Edgar Phelps, S. N. 

Over Age or Under Age. — J. Van Alstyne, Isaac P. Frost. 

7^17 Brothers in Service. — R. Thompson. 

In Service March id. — Loren O. Gray, George H. Doug- 
lass, Daniel Wadsworth, Edward Shephard, James Boyd, 
Philander Peer, Oscar Pitts, John Cook, John Labor, Robert 
Douglass, W. W. Paddock, Philo Edwards. 

Result not Obtained for this Chapter. — Wilson Edwards; 
Edward Rushloe, Sylvester Sebring, Andrew Sebring, 
Robert Raney, Seth J. Hole, Columbus Hageman, Edward 
Baker, Avery Green. 

Some attempt was made at this time to take official 
action by towns in aid of the drafted men. All that could 
legally be done was to aid the families of those who were 
■obliged to go into the service. 


At a meeting of the Town Board of Palmyra, held August 
4th, 1863, the following resolutions were adopted : 

Resolved, That we sympathize deeply with all those who 
have been drafted, and who are not able to pay the three 
hundred dollars required by law to exempt them, and whose 
circumstances are such that it will be a great trial to leave 
their families, who are dependent on them for support. 

Resolved, That while we regret that we cannot see our 
way clear under the law passed May 17th, 1863 to levy a tax 
upon the towns for the purpose of paying three hun- 
dred dollars either to the drafted man who goes, or to 
the military authorities to procure a substitute. Yet we 
claim unlimited power under the law to raise money for the 
relief of the families of all drafted men from this town, and 
feeling it to be a pleasure as well as a duty, we pledge our- 
selves that the families of all drafted men who shall go into 
the service of the United States, shall be well taken care of, 
and the amount necessary to do it shall be taxed upon the 
town of Palmyra. H. S. Flower, Supervisor. 

Maltby Clark, \ 
J. A. Holmes, l Justices. 

M. C. FiNLEY, ) 
J. A. Crookston, Town Clerk. 

The work of enlistment went steadily forward during the 
summer and fall ot 1863. A few of those drafted in July, 
enlisted immediately before being required to report. Proof 
of this was a sufficient defense for non-appearance at Auburn.. 
There were also some important movements towards the 
formation of new companies and regiments. 

At Palmyra Captain Draine had said in his brief speech, at. 
the reception of Company B, of the Thirty-third, that he 
designed to enter the service again. He made this state- 
ment good by his prompt movements in aid of the first Vet- 
eran Cavalry regiment which was organized in the summer 
and fall of 1863. His company was assigned to the position 
of I in the regiment. The company was raised very largely 
at Palmyra. Captain Draine was aided by Allen Vandebo- 
gert as First Lieutenant. He had enlisted from Sodus in 
April, 1861, and had been with Company I of the Seven- 
teenth through its two years patriotic service. He brought 
to this new enterprise the skill and firmness of a veteran, 
though still young in years. Frank A. White, who became 
Second Lieutenant, was also a veteran. 



The company as it left Palmyra in November, 1863, com- 
prised the following names : 

Captain Draime's Company, Novemrer, 1863. 
Henry J. Draime, Captain. 
Allen Vandebogert, \st Lieutenant. 
Frank A. White, 2d Lieutenant. 

William Beck, 
Henry Birdsall, 
Howard Campbell, 
Lewis Camp, 
Eli Darling, 
James Doran, 
John L. Edgar, 
Richard H. Ford, 
George F. Goodell, 
John Grattan, 
Munson G. Hill, 
John Heid, 
Alfred Howell, 
John Huxley, 
James H. Gwin, 
William Jeffrey, 
Thomas Johnson, 
Stephen Kilmer, 
Meyer Kelly, 
Elias Lockwood, 
James Leonard, 
John Lambley, 
James McMorgan, 
Otto Paulus, 
George H. Randall, 
John M. Rouse, 
Hiram A. Stevens, 
Paul Stickler, 
David Treat, 
John A. Vowers, 
George Van Winkle, 
Andrew Welch, 

William Bostwick, 
John O. Parker, 
Mark M. Woolston, 
Nicholas Holez, 
Thomas Connor, 
George Eisvear, 

John Birdsall, 
Clark Barron, 
Henry Crane, 
James M. Clapper, 
Royal E. Duke, 
Allen Duer, 
John Fetterer, 
John Goodman, 
Edwin R. Goodell, 
John G. Hyslop, 
George Hickey, 
Albert Henderson, 
William Hunt, 
Henry M. Heath, 
James Jeffrey, 
James Johnson, 
Robert J. Johnson, 
Milo C. Kellogg, 
Morton A. Leach, 
John Lennon, 
Orrin Langdon, 
John Murphy, 
John Orr, 
John Possee, 
John Ryan, 
James Stebbins, 
Moses Severigen, 
Alvin Treat, 
George Turner, 
James B. Vandyne, 
Albert M. Williams, 

(All of Palmyra.) 
Other Towns. 

Patrick Hogan, 
John Vaney, 
Edgar Harris, 
C. W. Lawrence, 
Stevens Porter, 
Crosby Hopkins, 


Aaron Rogers, Philip Koplear, 

Martin F. Borland, Patrick Muldoon, 

S. W. Luctivett, George W. Kenny, 

John Cowan, William Millman, 

Alpheus Gorham, William L. Williams. 

Dead. — James R. Marion. 


It was in the fall of this year that the Twenty-second 
Cavalry was organized. 

James C. Van Marter, of Lyons, was active in the work 
of enlisting for this organization, and he' secured a large 
number of recruits in this county for Company H, of 
which he became Captain. 

The Twenty-second was formed at Rochester, and its 
members were drawn from eleven or more counties. It was 
mustered into the service in February, 1864. 

The staff officers were : Samuel J. Crooks, Colonel ; 
Johnson B. Brown, Lieutenant-Colonel ; Peter McLeman, 
Major ; Joseph H. Suggett, Adjutant ; George B. Brand, 
Quarter-Master ; Anson K. Tower, Commissary ; David B. 
VanSlyck, Surgeon ; Patrick McShane, Assistant-Surgeon. 


Quite a number of men enlisted in this organization near 
the close of 1863. The regiment was organized at Buffalo, 
and its men were drawn principally from the counties of 
Erie, Niagara, Wyoming, Orleans, Allegany and Wayne. 

Jacob Stever, of Arcadia, was active in the work of enlist- 
ing men for this regiment.- The catalogues of soldiers here- 
after given by towns will show the locahties fi-om which the 
men were obtained. 

The regiment was mustered into the service variously 
from October, 1863, to February, 1864. It was mustered 
out of the service August 10, 1865. 

The Adjutant-General's report of 1868, assigns to this 
regiment the honor of participating in the battles of Cold 
Harbor, Petersburgh, Bethesda Church, Weldon Rail- 
road, Pegram's Farm, Hatcher's Run, and Poplar Spring 



This regiment had been changed from infantry to artillery 
early in this year, and was authorized to fill up its ranks to 
a much higher standard than before. It was stationed in the 
defences of Washington, and it was supposed that it would 
be employed in the forts rather than in active field work. 
It presented many attractive features to those who were 
willing to enter the army, but who had an. undoubted right 
to select that arm of the service which they preferred. 
Accordingly several hundred joined this regiment in the fall 
of 1863 ; so that in the final muster out rolls it showed more 
men from Wayne county than any other single regiment. 

Enlistments in these various organizations were undoubt- 
edly hastened by the urgent necessity of filling the quotas 
of the several towns required by a new call of October 17, 

1863. Immense efiforts were required as in the year before. 
Official action was taken. Large bounties were paid, and 
as a result the draft which was set down for January 5, 

1864, never took place. The required 606 men were secured. 
The quota by towns and a general statement of the work 
being done appear in the following article from the Lyons 
Republican of December 18, 1863: 


" We present below a statement procured from the Provost- 
Marshal's Office, in Auburn, of the apportionment for the sev- 
eral towns in this county, under the recent call for troops. 
As we understand it, the apportionment is made upon the 
basis of the original enrollment of men in the first class. 
This apportionment, as stated below, is final, and will be 
adhered to in case of a draft : 

Arcadia 68 

Butler 31 

Galen ' 66 

Huron 24 

Lyons 46 

Macedon 43 

Marion 26 

Ontario, 34 

Total 606 

"We are gratified to be able to state that recruiting in this 
county is progressing satisfactorily, and that there is every 

Palmyra 50 

Rose 25 

Savannah 29 

Sodus 69 

Walworth 28 

Williamson 30 

Wolcott 37 


reason to believe that the quota will be raised before the 5th 
day of January. Some towns have already raised the 
required number, and in all, so far as we can hear, there is 
manifested a very commendable activity in the work of 
enlistments. Lyons has, it is estimated, already furnished 
more than thirty-five men. 

" In every town are found men who had not heretofore 
thought of enlisting, who are now induced to do so by the 
princely Bounties offered by the General Government, the 
State and the County ; and there is no doubt the work is 
stimulated in a good degree by the almost certain increase 
by Congress of the pay of the soldiers. The threatened 
repeal ot the $300 commutation, which is now regarded as 
inevitable, is also an important consideration. In that event 
a poor man, — who could not purchase a substitute at the 
exorbitant rates at which they will be held, — being posi- 
tively unable to send another in his place, would have no 
alternative ; he must forego Bounties, leave his family in 
perhaps destitute or at best straitened circumstances, and 
shoulder his musket as a conscript. Now, if he enhsts, and 
goes into the service voluntarily, he obtains in advance a 
large sum of money to leave with his family, and becomes 
entitled to all the present and prospective privileges aind 
emoluments which are and will be afforded by the Federal 

" The work goes bravely on. Let every patriotic citizen 
lend his influence to the work in hand, and there is no doubt 
that the quota of this county will be filled by the fifth of 

The official action of the Board ot Supervisors may 
appropriately close this chapter. 

At the annual session of 1863, Mr. Center, of Butler, 
chairman of a special committee, his colleagues being 
Messrs. Evans, of Savannah, and Redfield of Galen, offered 
the following resolutions : 

Resolved, That the Board of Supervisors, of Wayne 
county, respectfully request his Excellency, Horatio 
Seymour, Governor of the State of New York, without 
delay to call an extra session of the Legislature, for the 
purpose of passing a law increasing the State bounty to be 
paid to each volunteer who shall enhst into the service of 
the United States, to $300.00 or to adopt some means to 
raise recruits under the last call of the President, or to take 
the responsibility as Governor, oi offering a bounty of 
$300.00, pledging ourselves to sustain him in such action. 


and believing that he will be so sustained by the people of 
this State. 

Mr. Redfield offered the following additional resolution : 

Resolved, That the Clerk of this Board be requested to 
furnish copies of the foregoing resolution to the Boards of 
Supervisors of other counties now in session, and desire 
their concurrence in the request of this Board. 

The report of the Treasurer gives the amount of the 
Bounty Bonds falling due with interest added March 15th, 
1864, as follows: Arcadia, $4,823.27; Butler, $$1,548.30; 
Huron, $1,380.25 ; Lyons, $3,096.22 ; Macedon, $2,157.39; 
Marion, $1,390.00; Palmyra, $3,079.07; Sodus, $2,559.00: 
Walworth, $1,467.25 ; Williamson, $2,044.25. Total, $23,- 

Under date of November 21st, 1863, the following resolu- 
tion was adopted by the Board then in session : 

Resolved. That the Chair appoint two members of this 
Board to act with the Chairman, and to serve as a com- 
mittee to meet the Supervisors Committees of Seneca and 
Cayuga counties, at Seneca Falls, on Tuesday next. 

The Committee as constituted therefore consisted of 
James M. Servis, R. W. Evans, H. S. Plower. 

This session was continued by adjournment to November 
26th and 27th, when a committee appointed as above made 
a verbal report, the substance of which does not appear in 
the published proceedings. 

A special session of the Board of Supervisors was called 
and met December i, 1863, at two o'clock P. M. 

A committee to draft resolutions upon the subject of boun- 
ties was appointed, consisting of . Messrs. Lakey, Flower 
and Evans. 

The committee reported immediately as follows: 

Whereas, The President of the United States has recently 
called for 300,000 volunteers, and at the same time given 
notice that unless the volunteers are furnished on or before 
the 5th day of January, next, a draft will be made; and 
whereas, by the recent order of the Provost-Marshal-Gen- 
eral, telegraphed to the Chairman of this Board, that Wayne 
county will be credited with the Volunteers raised, if the 
men are reported and mustered as forming the quota of 
Wayne county without regard to other counties of the 


Resolved, That the County of Wayne will pay the sum of 
$500 to each and every person who may have volunteered 
since the 26th day of November, 1863, or who may here- 
after volunteer into the service of the United States for the 
term of three years, or during the war, and be mustered into 
the service to the credit of Wayne county, until the whole 
quota (under the late call for 300,000 men) of the county be 
filled, or until the draft takes place. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of Wa3rrie county be and is 
hereby authorized to issue the Bonds of the county from 
time to time, as the case may require, in sums of not less 
than $100, nor more than $1,000, with annual interest; said 
Bonds to be divided into five equal classes, payable in one, 
two, three, four and five years from and after the 15th day 
of February, 1864, for a sum not to exceed $225,000; that 
the money received for said Bonds be paid into Treasury 
of said county and constitute the fund from which said vol- 
unteers shall be paid, and be paid out under the direction of 
this Board ; and that no Bond shall be sold or disposed of 
by the Treasurer for less than its actual amount. 

Resolved, That Miles S. Leach be, and he is hereby 
appointed the Committee of this Board to direct the pay- 
ment of the above specified Bounties ; and that said Com- 
mittee shall not make any order or draft upon the Treasurer 
of this county for the purpose of paying to any volunteer 
said bounty, or an}- part thereof, until a certificate from the 
proper officer has been presented to him, showing that Such 
volunteer has been accepted and mustered into the service 
of the United States as a volunteer, from the County of 
Wayne, and credited to said county as forming part of its 
quota under the present call of the President for 300,000 

Resolved, That in case towns that have not filled their 
quota before the draft takes place, shall be drafted from to 
make up such deficiency in their quotas, said towns shall 
only be required to pay in proportion to the volunteers 
raised in and credited to said town. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of this county shall not pay 
out any of the money hereby provided to be raised, except 
upon an order duly signed by said Miles S. Leach. 

A motion to amend by making the bounty five hundred 
dollars instead of three hundred dollars, was lost by the fol- 
lowing vote: Ayes — Messrs. Hyde, Redfield, Leach, 
Flower, Wood, — 5. Nayes — Messrs. Center, Mead, Lakey, 
Williams, Valentine, Evans, Wilcox, Everett, Hance, — 9. 
Absent, Mr. Sours. 


The resolulions were then unanimously adopted as 

At this time the Legislature had not authorized Boards of 
Supervisors to levy taxes for the payment of Bounties, and 
therefore the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Board of Supervisors of Wayne County 
request the Senator from this district, and the members of 
Assembly from this couuty to use their best efforts for the 
speedy passage of a law, legalizing the action of this Board 
and other Boards of Supervisors in this State in relation to 
County Bounties. 

At the same meeting the resolutions in relatioTi to bounties 
were directed to be published in all the papers of the county, 
the expense in each not to exceed the sum of five dollars. 

The Treasurer was also required to give an additional 
Bond of Fifty Thousand Dollars in view of the large sums 
of money to be entrusted to his care under these resolutions, 
and the opinion of the Board was embodied in a resolution 
that the Treasurer ought to be allowed a reasonable com- 
pensation for the extraordinary labor and responsibility 
growing out of the recruiting service. 



DURING the winter large detachments continued to be 
secured as recruits to the Ninth Heavy Artillery. 
Doubtless the supposition that it was to remain as 
Heavy Artillery in the forts that constituted the defences of 
Washington, may have tended to draw recruits. For more 
than a year there was a steady enlistment in the ranks of 
the Ninth. 

The attention of. the people had been concentrated upon 
filling the quotas required by the call of October, 1863. The 
movement was successful and the draft avoided. 

The following article from the! Lyons Republican of January 
29th, 1864, shows very fully the result as well as the unre- 
mitting labor by which it was reached It also gives credit 
richly due to the county officers who had been in charge of 
the matter. Doubtless the commendation therein expressed 
of the Provost Marshal and his assistants at Auburn, was 
also deserved. It remains true, however, that many cases 
of hardship had arisen in the execution of their difficult and 
unpleasant duties. Decisions were sometimes made that 
seemed harsh. Sick men who should have been exempted, 
were sometimes passed by the surgeons, and compelled to 
pay or go. It is believed that when injustice of this kind 
was done, it was due to " busybodies in other men's matters" 
at home, who filled the ears of the officers in charge, that 
men were feigning the sickness. 


" As we announced last week, the quota of the Twenty- 
Fourth Congressional District, under the recent call of the 
President, has been filled — the District being the first in the 
State to clear itself from the impending draft. And Wayne 
county, we believe, was the first of the three composing the 


District, to furnish the number of men for which she was 
called upon. 

" This result has not been brought about without hard> 
earnest, unremitting labor. While one or two towns have 
been disgracefully laggard, others have taken hold of the 
work in the right spirit, and have not only cleared their own 
localities from danger of draft, but have performed a like 
service for their delinquent neighbors. The people have 
been thoroughly aroused ; and although the well-remem- 
bered excitements of similar occasions in 1862 were want- 
ing, there was no lack of deep and hearty interest in the 
work and in the cause. And the result is before us — as 
gratifying as it is almost unexpected. 

" A goodly portion of credit for the speedy filling of our 
county quota is due to the Supervisor's Committee, Mr. M. 
S. Leach, and to Mr. Dewey, the County Treasurer. They 
have been prompt and efficient ; and their promptness and 
efficieny have no doubt done much toward inspiring the 
confidence of hesitating recruits who had a doubt of the 
ability or disposition of the county to pay its offered Bounty. 
We have had occasion to know since about the 20th of 
December, something of the labor which the payment of 
the County Bounty to volunteers has imposed upon the 
Treasurer. Within a period of about fifteen days he paid 
out nearly $135,000, in sums of $600 to $23,000 a day This 
he did at all hours and in all places ; and to enable him to 
do so, he was compelled to raise money, wherever he could 
do so, in sums of from $50 to $10,000. This, at times, 
was up-hill work, owing to the persistent efforts of a 
certain few to cry down the credit of the county, hoping 
thereby to impoverish the Treasury and check volunteering ; 
but those efforts were of no avail, and latterly more money 
was offered than was needed, and to-day the County Bonds 
can hardly be purchased at par. Few men could have dis- 

Elayed more zeal than our County Treasurer has done, or 
ave been more faithful and efficient. 

" We cannot close this article without at least a passing 
notice of the admirable manner in which their official duties 
under the recent call for men have been discharged by our 
worth}' Provost-Marshal and his assistants. Under the new 
arrangement, the duties and labors of their positions have 
been increased and augmented, but the people are greatly 
relieved thereby, and have occasion for commendation as 
well as satisfaction. Captain Knapp has brought to his 
position the requisite ability, judgment and humanity, and 
his associates and assistants, Hon. James M. Servis and Dr. 
Davis, have proved themselves competent and efficient men. 


Had the present system been adopted earlier or more fully^ 
and all recruiting been done through the Marshal's office, we 
are not sure but it would have saved the Government some 
expense, the soldiers much perplexity if not suffering, and 
their friends anxiety and trouble." 

Scarcely had the cause of anxious work been removed and 
the people begun to rest from their labors somewhat, when, 
another call for 200,000 volunteers was made by the Presi- 
dent of the United States. This required four hundred and 
four men from the county, and compelled immediate action 
by the people and by the authorities. 

Accompanying this call was the notice that a draft would 
be made March loth, unless the quota was filled by that date. 
The Supervisors took early action at a special meeting held 
Friday, February 6, 1864. They adopted the following 
resolutions : 

Whereas, The President of the United States ha§ recently; 
called for 200,000 additional Volunteers, and at the same 
time given notice that unless the Volunteers are furnished 
on Ar before the loth day of March, next, a draft will be 
made ; and 

Whereas, It appears that Wayne county will have to fur- 
nish for the late call, four hundred and four (404) men. 

Resolved, That Wayne county will pay the sum of Three 
Hundred Dollars to each and everj' person who has enlisted 
or re-enlisted, or who may enlist or re-enlist or volunteer,, 
since the 26th of November, 1863, for the term of three years 
or during the war — and who have not received a County 
Bounty — and be mustered into the service of the United 
States to the credit of the county, until the whole quota of 
the county is filled, or until the draft takes place. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of Wayne county be and is 
hereby authorized to issue the Bonds of the county from 
time to time, as the case may require, in sums of not less than 
One Hundred nor more than One Thousand Dollars, with 
annual interest; said Bonds to be divided into five equal 
classes, payable in one, two, three, four and five years from, 
and after the 15th day of February, 1864, for a sum not to^ 
exceed One Hundred and Twenty-Three Thousand Dollars, 
in addition to Four Thousand Eight Hundred Dollars on 
hand, or so much thereof as may be needed ; that the money- 
received for said Bonds be paid into the Treasury of said 
county and constitute the fund from which said Volunteers 
and Veterans shall be paid, and be paid out under the direc- 
tion of this Board. Said Bonds shall be signed by the 


Treasurer, and the Chairman of this Board, and no Bond 
shall be sold or disposed of by the Treasurer for less than its 
actual amount. 

Resolved, That Miles S. Leach be and is hereby appointed 
the Committee of this Board, to direct the payment of the 
above specified Bounties, and that the said Committee shall 
not make any order or draft on the Treasurer of this county 
for the purpose of paying to any Volunteer or Veteran said 
Bounty, or any part thereof, until a certificate from the 
proper muster-m officer has been presented to him showing 
that such Volunteer is credited on the quota of Wayne 

Resolved, That in case towns that have not filled their 
quota when the draft takes place, shall be drafted from to 
make up such deficiency in their quotas, said towns shall 
only be required to pay in proportion to the Volunteers 
raised in and credited to said towns. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of this county shall not pay 
out any of the money hereby provided to be raised, except 
upon an order duly signed by said Miles S. Leach. 

A resolution was adopted to forward copies of the above 
resolutions to our representatives in the Legislature. 

The following resolutions were also passed : 

Whereas, The Legislature of the State of New York, now 
in session, is expected to pass a law to increase the State 
Bounty ; therefore, 

Resolved, That the increase of the present State Bounty 
be deducted from the county Bounty of $300, offered by this 
Board at its present session ; and should the increased State 
Bounty amount to $300, then the county Bounty offered by 
this Board, at its present session, of $300, (to fill the quota of 
this county under the last call of the President of the United 
States for 200,000 men,) should and does hereby cease. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of Wayne county pay out of 
the Contingent Fund of the county all necessary expendi- 
tures of Miles S. Leach, in his business as the representative 
of this Board, in relation to county Bounty. 

Mr. Valentine presented his resignation as Chairman of 
the Board, in the following communication, whereupon Mr 
Leach was elected Chairman of the Board : 
To the Board of Supervisors of Wayne County : 

Gentlemen — Whereas by a proposed enactment of the 
Legislature of this State it is required that the Chairriian of 
the Board shall sign the Bonds issued by the county ; and 
whereas my place of residence is somewhat distant from the 



Treasurer's Office, making it inconvenient for me as Chair- 
man to sign said Bonds from time to time as it may be 
necessary; I therefore tender to your honorable body my 
resignation as Chairman, thanking you for the honor con- 
ferred upon me in my election, and the respect shown me 
by the Board as such presiding officer. 

Lyons, February 6, 1864. J. Valentine. 

The Board adjourned sine die on Saturday. 

The resignation of Mr. Valentine, although generally 
regretted by the Board, seemed to be a necessity ; his resi- 
dence being at a considerable distance from Lyons, rendering 
it very inconvenient if not impossible for him to sign the 
Bounty B(jnds as they were issued. Mr. Valentine was a 
faithful officer, and presided with great acceptance to the 

The machinery of enlistment was again set in motion, and 
every attempt possible made to prevent the impending draft. 
The work was rapidly carried on and completed in about a 
month, as shown in the following newspaper article of 
March nth: 

" The quota under the two calls for 300,000 and 200,000 
men, (or as it is understood the one call for 500,000,) for 
Wayne county, was 1,010 and this was divided among the 
several towns according to the number enrolled in the first 
class in each town. As fast as men were mustered at 
Auburn, they were credited to the towns from which they 
enlisted ; and on the 3 1 st day of January last, the Provost-Mar- 
shal's books were posted, and from the quota of each town 
was deducted the number of men it had furnished, leaving 
the number 'due' as we stated; (so that the number 'due 
before deducting the draft' was not the quota under the 
500,000 call, but the quota less the credits for enlistments^ 
Then came Colonel Fry's order to deduct the avails of the 
draft in July, making still further reductions." 

We republish the table, with some additions : 

Quota of Wayne under the call for 500,000 men, 1,010 
Deduct enlistments to Jan. 31, 1863 466 

Balance due Jan. 31 . . . ., 544 

This balance of 544 was due from the several towns as 
shown below. Then came Colonel Fry's order for credits 
under the July draft — the number realized from the same, in 
commutations, substitutes, &c., to be deducted from existing 
dues — as shown in the table : 



Arcadia .... 


Galen. . . . . . 



Macedon . . . 
Marion .... 
Ontario ... 
Palmyra. . . 


Savannah . . 


Walworth . . 
Wolcott . . . , 

Deduct surplus. 

Due before 










, , 





. . 





1 1 

. , 













, . 













. . 















Total deficiency 65 

This is the total deficiency of the county under the call 

for 500,000 men — or under every call to the present time. 

And now for the credits since January 31st: 

On Adjutant General's books (at Albany) 106 

Enlisted during month of February 106 

Twenty-Second Cavalry 65 

Mounted Rifles, 49 

Ninety-eighth (re-enlisted) 33 

Seventy-fifth (re-enlisted) 40 ' 

Ninetieth (not known) — 

Total (ascertained) 399 

Deduct deficiency (see table) 65 

Total excess to February 27 334 

Since February 27th, it is believed that at least seventy 
men have enlisted, (we know of about forty ;) and if so, the 
county is already clear of draft \xTidi&r \.\i& forthcoming C2XS. for 
200,000 men. And the County Bounty has ceased. 

In the Lyons Republican of March 25th, we find another 
statement, showing more fully the exact condition of affairs, 
and giving a specimen of the debt and credit account which 


was carefully kept in those times, an account in which every 
man, woman and child in Wayne county was personally 



" Through the kindness of Supervisor Leach, we are 
enabled to make an authoritative statement of the position 
of Wayne county in reference to all the calls for men made 
prior to this date. It will be seen that our county receives 
forty-nine men from the ' credits at large ' — it being our pro- 
portion of the 13,000 men deducted from the quota of the 
State, through the exertions of Governor Seymour. The 
account stands: 

Our quota under the three calls, aggregat- 
ing 700,000, is 1414 

Our share of the credit at large 49 

Our credit on the draft 479 

Enlisted and credited before the County 

Bounty was offered 106 

Recruits paid to date, March 23d, 1864. . . 772 


Leaving a deficiency of 8 

" To offset against this deficiency we have to credit our 
county with the following recruits, yet to be paid : 

In the Ninety-eighth Regiment i 

• " One Hundred and Forty-sixth 5 

" Eighth Cavalry 3 

Total 9 

Deduct deficiency 8 

Leaving a total excess of i 

" We have also re-enlisted men reported as follows : 

In Battery L, First New York Artillery 6 

In Seventy-fifth Regiment 40 

Total 46 

Add excess above i 

Total excess 47 

" It is reported that our quota may be changed somewhat, 
as we understand it will be made on the basis of the con- 
solidation of the 1st and 2d class of enrolled men, whereas 
the former ones were based upon the ist class. At any rate 
we have a surplus that will more than cover any contin- 


"The resolution adopted by the Board of Supervisors at 
their late meeting authorizing the payment of bounties to fifty 
men has become inoperative in consequence of our share of 
the ' credits at large.' At the time of the adoption of the 
resolution it was suppiosed, and it has been so staled, that 
the deduction of the State quota virould only affect the 
counties of New York and Kings, but subsequently it was 
apportioned pro rata among all the counties. In case we 
should have a similar 'credit' upon our quota under the 
present call, we shall then have a surplus of over eighty 
men ! 

" The question which remains then, to be decided, is 
Shall the forty-seven men who have received no County 
Bounty, be paid ? For one, we answer Yes. Every one of 
these men, enlisted in good faith, and in good time, prob- 
ably before the ist of December, and the reason they were 
not paid is to be found in the delay occasioned by the negli- 
gence of the officers in transmitting the necessary papers to 
the Adjutant-General's office, at Albany. No doubt there 
will be further calls for men during the season, as there is 
no very flattering prospect of the war being closed right 
away, and we advise the payment of the re-enlisted men of 
the Seventy-fifth. 

In the early spring the citizens of the county had the 
pleasure of greeting a portion of the veterans who had been 
serving for more than two years in the Ninety-eighth 

The Wayne county (re-enlisted) portion of that Regi- 
ment — about one hundred men, portions of three Compan- 
ies arrived at Lyons on Saturday evening, under command 
of Captain W. H. Rogers. The soldiers were met at the 
depot by a deputation of citizens, and escorted to the Court 
House, preceded by the Cornet Band. Here they were 
welcomed home in a neat address by Rev.- Mr. Jervis, and 
were presented by Misses Cramer and Holley (on behalf of 
the ladies) with the banner which was gotten up for the 
Regiment nearly two years ago. Captain Rogers respond- 
ing, and promising that the banner should never be disgraced. 
After this the soldiers were marched to Graham's Hotel, 
where a plentiful entertainment awaited them, — the tables 
being loaded with good things contributed by the citizens, — 
the ladies acting as waiters, and anticipating their every 


The men were furloughed until the first of April, when 
they re-entered the service ior the period of three years, 
" unless sooner discharged." They were a sturdy, determ- 
ined-looking set of men, and they, in the future (as the)' had 
in the past) earned an honorable record. The Regiment 
was filled up, and retained its former designation and 
organization. Lieutenant-Colonel Weed was promoted to 
the rank of Colonel. 

And now the country had reached the opening of the 
great campaign of 1864. The movement commencing about 
the first of May was speedily followed by a series of battles 
bloody and terrible in their character. It was the inevitable 
necessity ot the situation that compelled the occurrence of 
those battles and the destruction of life involved. War 
means destruction and death. The supreme question whether 
the Government should stand or fall could not be settled by 
negotiation, by compromise, nor by any easy mode of war- 
fare. It was only hard, steady, persistent fighting that was 
to determine the result for which the world waited. Three 
years of war had completed its fearful record. General 
Grant summoned from his theatre of magnificent victories 
in the West, was now in absolute command of the armies of 
the Union, having his headquarters and his direct field of 
labor with the army of the Potomac. No speedv victory, 
however, awaited the intrepid leader or the brave men 
under his command. 

The people knew but little of the great plan formed in the 
celebrated council of war that was held by Generals Grant 
and Sherman, at Cincinnati, at which only a small number 
of others were present. The plan contemplated the move- 
ment South and southeast, afterwards known as " Sherman's 
March to the Sea," and the direct movement southward from 
Washington toward the rebel strongholds at Petersburgh 
and Richmond. 

Neither did the people know in full the immense losses 
that occurred as those movements proceeded. They could 
read of each battle by itself, but how far it was a part of the 
general plan, and how costly the sacrifice by which it was 
fought, were not fully known till weeks and months 


With bated breaths, with heart-sickening fear, and yet with 
patriotic hope intermingled, the people read day after day, 
week after week, month after month, and wondered still 
when all this was to end, or how. 

It was a campaign that was to be pushed "if it took 
all summer;" it was a campaign that must necessarily 
be fought out to its end, no matter how long a time should 
be required nor how great the losses incurred. The fate 
of the Republic was involved in that campaign. The 
Government was to live or die, as that campaign should be 

Ere long, however, the people learned by the action of the 
Government calling for additional forces that immense losses 
were being sustained. 

Indeed these facts were touching the hearts and homes of 
every locality. The roll of the heroic dead lengthened, and 
the horrors of southern prisons began to be known during 
this year as never before. 

The Ninth Heavy Artillery met its first great battle at 
Cold Harbor. Of this Major Taft wrote : 

" Our line of battle was formed at about 2 P. M. After a 
heavy artillery duel in which the rebel batteries were nearly 
silenced, we were ordered to charge upon their breastworks, 
which was done in gallant style. We first charged across 
an open held under their fire ; re-formed the line and from 
the top of a densely wooded hill charged through a swamp 
directly upon the rebel works. 

"There was no stop, no hesitation. Every man went in 
with a will, and we drove directly through their works tak- 
ing prisoners, probably to the number of eight hundred so 
far. The firing still continues, and we shall probably have 
an assault upon the works we now hold during the day. 
Our men are m good spirits and proud of our success. Our 
Division has been complimented in an order by General 
Meade, and we have received the thanks of our Brigade 
Commander, Colonel Smith. 

" From the 600 or 700 men (six companies^ of our Regiment 
engaged yesterday, we lost probably 100 killed and wounded. 
It is impossible at present to give anything like a correct 
list. I will endeavor to keep one as fast as I can ascertain 
names, and send them to you." 

The call of the President for 200,000 men made in July, 
fell with something of a shock upon the people already 


wearied with the labor of responding to the repeated calls 
of the year before. 

The Supervisors promptly took action, even before the 
call was officially promulgated. 

At a Special Meeting of the Board of Supervisors of 
Wavne county, held at the Court House, in the village of 
Lyons, on Thursday, June 23d, 1864, the several towns were 
represented as follows, viz : 
Arcadia— A. W. Hyde. 
Butler— B. S. Wood. 
Galen — P. G. Dennison. 
Huron — R. B. Sours. 
Lyons — M. S. Leach. 
Macedon — Robert H. Jones. 
Marion — ^Orville Lewis. 
Ontario — A. J. Bixby. 
Palmyra — H. S. Flower. 
Rose — J. Valentine. 
Savannah — William G. Soule. 
Sodus — ^Durfee Wilcox. 
Walworth — John Everett. 
Williamson — B. J. Hance. 
Wolcott— William O. Wood. 
Members all present except Messrs. 'Flower and Hyde. 
On motion of Mr. Hance, M. S. Leach was elected 
Chairman, pro tern. 

On motion of Mr. Valentine, 

Resolved, That the Chairman appoint a Committee of 
three, to draft Resolutions. 

The Chair appointed as such Committee, Messrs. Valen- 
tine, Wood and Hance. 

The Committee, after consultation, reported the following 
Preamble and Resolutions, which were unanimously 
adopted : 

Whereas, It is expected that the President is about to 
call for 200,000 more men ; and, whereas, it is expected that 
unless the men are furnished by voluntary enlistments, a 
Draft will be ordered for that purpose ; therefore, 

Resolved, That Wayne county will pay the sum of $300 to 
each and every person, who may, frorti and after the 23d 
day of June, 1864, volunteer into the service of the United 
States, for the term of three years or during the war, and 


be mustered into the service, to the credit of Wayne county, 
until the whole quota of the county (under the expected 
call) is filled, or until the Draft takes place. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of Wayne county be, and 
he is hereby authorized to issue the Bonds of the county, 
from time to time, as the case may require, in sums of not 
less than $1,000, with annual interest; said Bonds to be 
divided into five equal classes, payable in one, two, three, 
four and five years, from and after the 15th day of 
February, 1864, for a sfim not to exceed $100,000 dollars ; 
that the money received for said Bonds be paid into the 
Treasury of said county, and constitute the fund from 
which said volunteers shall be paid, and be paid out 
under the direction of this Board ; and that no Bond 
shall be sold or disposed of by the Treasurer for less than 
its actual amount. 

Resolved, That Miles S. Leach be, and he is hereby 
appointed the Committee of this Board, to direct the pay- 
ment of the above specified Bounties, and that said Com- 
mittee shall not make any order or draft upon the Treasurer 
of this county for the purpose of p'aying to any volunteer 
said Bounty, or any part thereof, until a certificate from the 
proper officer has been presented to him, showing that such 
volunteer has been accepted and mustered into the service 
of the United States as a volunteer from Wayne county, 
and credited to said county as forming part of its quota 
under the said call. 

Resolved, That the Bonds shall be signed by the County 
Treasurer and the acting Chairman of this Board. 

Resolved, that in case towns that have not filled their quota 
when the Draft takes place, shall be drafted from to make 
up such deficiency in their quotas, said towns shall only be 
required to pay in proportion to the volunteers raised in 
and accredited to said town. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer shall not pay out any of the 
moneys hereby provided to be raised, except upon an order 
duly signed by said Miles S. Leach. 

Resolved, That volunteers so entering the service of the 
United States as aforesaid, shall be credited to the several 
sub-districts of said county in proportion to the number of 
men required from such sub-districts, pro rata. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer be, and he is hereby 
authorized to pay the Bounty of Three Hundred Dollars 
to such as have heretofore re-enlisted and have not received 
their Bounty in consequence of their enlistment papers not 
being received in time. 


On motion of Mr. Everett, 

Resolved, That the proceedings of this Board be publisl^ed 
in all of the newspapers in the county, at a cost not to- 
exceed three dollars to each. 

On motion of Mr. Valentine, 

Resolved, That the Board adjourn until the next Annual 

^^ ^"^' E. W. Sherman, Clerk. 

Prior to the enlistments under fhe new call, there had 
been made a new enrollment of the men liable to bear arms ; 
the enrolling officers for the several towns being as follows : 

Savannah— Benjamin Q. Servis. 
' Butler— Samuel Miller. 

Wolcott — George H. Brown. 

Ontario — Alexander Sands. 

Williamson — Ledyard S. Cuyler. 

Marion — Amasa Stanton. 

Walworth — Philip Lawrence. 

Macedon — Charles P. Hurlburt. 

Palmyra— George N. Williams, Jr. 

Arcadia — Joel Soverhill. 

Lyons — George Carver. 

Sodus — George 8. Putnam. 

Huron — Correll H. Upson. 

Rose — William W. Thomas. 

Galen — Charles H. Reed. 

At this time we note two or three personals '. 


"Funeral services commemorative of the death of Sergeant 
Charles L. Cookingham, late of the One Hundred and 
Eleventh Regiment, killed- in one of the Wilderness battles,) 
will take place in the M. E. Church, in Lock Berlin, on Sun- 
day next, at two o'clock, P. M. The services will be con- 
ducted by Rev. William Putnam, of Lyons." 


" Mr. Judson Blakely, formerly of this village, returned ta 
Lyons from Virginia on Wednesdaj, having been sixteen 
days on the road — the place of his residence in Virginia being 
in possession of the rebels. Mr. B. has been compelled to 
resort to all kinds of expedients to save himself from the rebel 
conscription, and as a last resort left his home, in company 
with others, for the North, leaving his family behind." 



"We learn from the Palmyra Courier that this gallant 
othcer died at his home in Ontario, on the 22d of June, from 
the effects of wounds received in one of the recent battles. 
Capt. G. was a clergyman, and for several years had officiated 
as pastor of the Baptist Church in Ontario. In the summer 
of '62 he threw aside his clerical robes, and entered the Army 
of the Union. Being wounded as stated above, he was con- 
veyed to his home in Ontario, where he died, surrounded 
by kind friends who mourn his loss with unfeigned sorrow." 

The draft being expected and energetic efforts being made 
to fill the quotas, there arose a method of aid in this direction 
which had not before been attempted. Here and there a 
few persons of abundant means had hired substitutes, with the 
simple patriotic desire of being represented in the Union 
army. This principle was now extended. The Government 
offered to grant to any man liable to draft, a full discharge, 
provided he furnished an accepted substitute. This led to 
a large number of substitutes being offered by citizens in 
anticipation of draft. This relieved the citizen who furnished 
the substitute from danger of draft for three years ; but the 
act had also a public character, for it diminished the quota 
of the town by one, and to that extent relieved everybody 
else from hability, at least to the present draft. If the 
citizens who furnished substitutes were equal in number to 
the quota of the town, then. the quota was entirely filled. 
It seemed right then for the whole people to aid those who 
chose to be at the trouble of looking up substitutes. Hence 
arose the town meetings that were held all over the county. 
Bounties were voted in a liberal manner. These Bounties 
were paid by both town and county. They were available 
to men who enlisted, andto men who hired substitutes. 

That some corrupt transactions arose in these proceed- 
ings was doubtless true. The temptation to make money 
out of men's necessities never yet failed to find shysters and 
brokers ready for the work. The price of substitutes was 
enormously advanced. Combinations were undoubtedly 
formed to coerce towns into voting larger sums than were 
really necessary. The high prices probably in hundreds of 
cases never came into the hands of the men who hired them- 
selves out as substitutes. A large share of the price paid 


Staid in the brokers hands. The men bought in this whole- 
sale way too, were of very little aid to the army. Hundreds 
of them proved to be bounty jumpers instead of soldiers — 
enlisting, running away, re-enlisting, again escaping, only to 
repeat the transaction if opportunity occurred. 

The disgraceful transactions of the bounty period have 
seldom been equaled in the history of the nation. And yet 
through it all, it should be observed that the principles upon 
which the whole affair was based were correct. It was 
entirely honorable for an individual to put in a substitute 
if he could ; it was entirely consistent to vote a tax to reim- 
burse him, in whole or part, because by putting in a substi- 
tute he was thereby filling the quota of the town and reliev- 
ing the whole people from draft. It is true that the indi- 
vidual procured exemption for himself three years, while 
for the people at large exemption was secured only from the 
pending draft. This was not wrong when the sums voted 
were kept within reasonable limits. Ordinarily the person 
putting in a substitute paid considerable cash in addition to 
the sum voted by the town. He was obliged to raise the 
whole at the time and wait some months or years for 
reimbursement. He was usually at considerable trouble, 
while the citizen only paying taxes was not. Besides it is 
not clear how any form of substitution could have really 
accomplished any better results to the men of a town Hable 
to bear arms. Had the quota not been filled by those who 
put in substitutes, the whole people would have been subject 
to the pending draft as well as to future calls. If the substi- 
tutes had been hired in a body by the town, and placed to 
no one's individual credit, then there would have been uni- 
versal liability to any future draft. There is no dishonor 
attaching to the individual citizens who paid their money to 
put in substitutes, even though the government or the sub- 
stitutes were defrauded by some intermediate party. If, as 
is sometimes asserted, hundreds oi straw men were furnished, 
men only on paper, that is no fault of the citizens who sup- 
posed the government was securing genuine men in return 
for the money paid. They had a right to suppose that the 
government was strong enough to guard against imposition. 


The records of the Provost Marshal's office were gathered 
up and deposited at the National Capital at the close of the 
war. The government officials are wary in granting access 
even for historical purposes to anj' war records, for fear 
that fraudulent pension evidence may be manufactured. It 
is therefore scarcely possible to furnish a complete record of 
those who obtained substitutes. In a portion of the Town 
Clerk's offices the list can be found, in others it cannot. In 
some cases the lists were furnished to the newspapers. 
These explanations show why only a portion of the towns 
are given, and doubtless for these the lists are not in any 
manner complete. 

The editor has written to every town for complete lists, 
but without success. 


The following citizens furnished substitutes : 
Luther M. Chase, Henry R. Durfee, 

Alfred W. Sambury, Marvin Hill, 

Edward S. Averill, William Ranier, 

Isaac Gifford, Miles B. Riggs, 

Lewis A. Parsons, L. W. Feller. 

Avery S. Durfee, 


The followin