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= Vocabulary = 

Containing over 7000 Malay Words or Phrases 
with their English equivalents, together with 


Of Household, Nautical 
and Medical Terms etc. 


Rev. V. Q. 5H ELLA BEAR, 

Missionary of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
Author of " A Practical Malay Grammer " etc. 

Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Price 9Z.OO. 




This vocabulary has been prepared for use in connection with my 
'■' Practical Malay Grammar." It was originally intended to incorpor- 
ate with the Grammar an English-Malay and a Malay-English Voca- 
bulary, each containing some three or four thousand words, but in 
Tiew of the fact that most jieople require a vocabulary containing as 
large a number of words as possible and are subjected to much dis- 
appointment and annoyance when they find that their vocabulary does 
not contain just the very word which they require, it has been thought 
better to publish the vocabularies separately and to make them an 
■complete as is consistent with the low price at which such works are 
«xpected to sell. 

The list of words which is here offered to the public contains over 
«ix thousand words and phrases. Tn such a list it is of course impos- 
sible to include all the Malay words which may be met with in even a 
very limited range of Malay reading, and the student will no doubt 
meet with some expressions in conversation with Malays which will 
not be found in this vocabulary. Great care, however, has been 
iaken in the selection of the words, and it is hoped that very few 
Tvhich are in common use or are likely to be needed by the student in 
ihe first two or three years of his study of the langaiage have been, 

In this vocabulary, as in the " Practical Malay Grammar," the 
-Malay words are printed in roman letters only. Comparatively few 
Europeans make any serious attempt to learn the Arabic character, and 
those who do will no doubt require a dictionary rather than a voca- 
bulary. The omission of the Arabic characters has enabled the 
printers to put out this work in a very compact form and at a cost 
considerably below what it would otherwise have been. 

The great defect of Malay vocabularies printed in the Eoman 
■character has always been the difficulty of finding many of the words 
■owing to variations of spelling. This has been particularly the case 
in regard to the romanization of the short vowel sound, which even 
in the same work has been represented by different letters in different 
words, according to the derivation of the word or the fancy of the 
?iuthor, so that in many cases the studcHt has had'to hunt for a word 
in two or three different places liefore he has "been able to find it. 
This difficulty has been obviated in this work by the adoption of the 
«ame system of romanization which has been used in my Grammar and 
in all the other Malay publications of the Methodist Publishing House. 

V Preface. 

Its peculiar featute is the entire omission of the short vowel. This 
makes it just as easy to find a word containing the short vowel as it i& 
in a Malay dictionary printed in the Arabic character, for instead of 
haying to Look up such a word as nschaya or psaka under two or three 
different vowels, the student will-be able to' j5nd it at once from the 
sound. It is believed that this ^vill be found to be a very great ad- 

The introduction should be carefully studied by those who desire 
■to make an intelligent use of this vocabulary. Part of the introduc- 
.tion has been Teproduced from the Grammar, but there will also be- 
iound a large amount of entirely new matter explaining the use of 
prefixes and suffixes, the accentuation of .Malay words, and the use 
and pronunciation of foreign words, etc. The student should not fail 
.to make the fullest use of the Grammar, not only on account of the 
importance of thoroughly understanding the grammatical constnictioa 
of the language, but also because he will otherwise be unable to pro- 
fit by the frequent references made in the vocabulary -to the numbers 
of the paragraphs in the Grammar, where fuller information will be 
found in regard to the use of certain words than could be given in a. 

Derived words will only be found under their roots. Owing t» 
the immen,se number and variety of the derived forms in the Malay 
language, this is the only arrangement which is at all satisfactory, and 
has been adopted in all dictionaries and in one or two vocabularies. 
At first the student will no doubt have some difficulty in finding out 
what is the root of some of the derivatives, and it will be necessary 
for him to make himself thoroughly acquainted with the use of pre- 
fixes and affixes; this, however, will be found to be a blessing in dis- 
guise, for it is impossible to read or speak the Malay language intellit- 
gentlj' without a thorough -understanding of the derived forms. 

An appendix containing lists of English words with their Malay 
equivalents has been added. The vocabulary itself contains manj'' 
similar lists ; for instance a list of the different classes of workmen will 
lie found under tukarg, a list of the classifiers or numeral coefficients 
under s-, cloths under Jcain, stones under hatu, etc. The lists of nauti- 
cal terms and diseases should be of special use to sailors and doctors 
respectively, and housekeepers will find a veiy complete list of foods 
and household terms. 

In the preparation of this vocabulary I am particularly indebted 
to Favre's Malay-French Dictionary and to Klinkert's Malay-Dutch 
Pocket Dictionary. When in doubt as to the precise meaning of a- 
word I have occasionally referred to Wilkinson's Dictionary, Part I^ 
but as the second part has nqj; yet been published this work has only 
been referred to in regard to such words as come in the first half of 
the Malay alphabet. My list of words has been compared with other 
vocabularies in order to ensure that no important word has been 
omitted. Several alterations and additions have been made at the 


suggestion of Dr. Luering, and my thanks are clue to liim for the 
valuable assistance which he has rendered me by reading and criticis- 
ing the manuscript previous to publication. 

' -' ^ W. G. Shellabeae. 

Singapore, July, 1902. 


The demand for a new edition of this vocabulary has enabled 
me to correct a few errors which crept into the first edition, and to add 
a number of words which, though not in frequent use, are liable to be 
met with by the students 

An attempt has also been made in this edition to indicate words 
which are peculiar to the Malay spoken by the " Babas," or Straits- 
born Chinese, and some of their differences of pronunciation. The 
difference between Baba Malay, and the language as it is spoken by the 
Malays themselves, consists, however, not merely in such variations as 
can be shown in a vocabulary. There is a radical difference in the 
structure of the sentences. For the most part the same words are used, 
but the idiom is different, and would require a more thorough elucida- 
tion than could be given in the introduction to a vocabulary. It is 
hoped, however, that the Baba Malay words here given, marked (B.),, 
will help to explain some of the peculiarities of pronunciation met 
with in the Settlements, where Chinese influence predominates. 

W, G. S. 
Singapore, July, 1912. 


The Vowels. 

The five vowels have the continental sounds : — 
a as in father. o as in hole. 

e as the .ey in they. u as in rude. 

i as in ravine. 

In open syllables these vowel sounds have always a greater degree 
of intensity than in closed syllables. 

In addition to the above there is in Malay, as in nearly all Orien- 
tal languages, another simple vowel sound which is often called the 
short vowel sound. In the different systems of romanizing, this short 
vowel sound has been variously represented by a, a, e,, e, i, i, u. u; 
but all these different methods of representing this vowel sound are 
open to the great objection that they mislead Europeans and even 
natives into giving it an incorrect pronunciation, and in a dictionary 
they have the additional disadvantage o£ giving rise to so much divers- 
ity and uncertainty in the spelling of words containing the short 
vowel that prolonged search is often necessary before it can be dis- 
covered which of these vowels has been used by the lexicographer to 
represent the short vowel in the particiilar word which is being sought 
for. Experience has shown that the best way to spell words contain- 
ing the short vowel with a view to helping tlie student to a correct 
pronunciation, is to omit the vowel altogether, and it is believed that 
the omission of the vowel will obviate the difficulty of finding such 
words in the vocabulary. The exact sound of the short vowel should 
be learnt if possible from a Malay; it is almost identical with the 
half -vowel sound in the first syllable of such words as " machine " and 
" balloon." 

Wlien two vowels come together, both must be sounded, but the 
first must be run into the second; thus au has very nearly the sound 
of ow in "cow," as pisau, mau; and ai has almost the sound of the 
English i in "ice," as, smyai, pahai. 


'Ilie consonants in Malay are pronounced as in English, except 
that the r should always be sounded much more clearlv and with more 
of a riig than in English. The consonant hj represents a single sound 
in Malay, and should be pronounced like the ng in " singer," never as 
in "single;" the latter sound is represented in Malay by tyg; thus the 
two sounds are found in the words : si-iya and sirg-gah. The letter k 
in Malay when it occurs at the end of a word is not sounded like the 


English k, but the syllable in which it occurs must be pronounced 
very short indeed, and the breath drawn in so as to produce the 
shortening of the sound. The apostrophe at the end of a syllable 
indicates a similar abrupt sound'. Final Ji has also the effect of 
shortening the last syllable, but not more than half as much as final le. 

In the transliteration of the purely Arabic letters no distinction 
has been made between o and !» ; ^ and ^y> ; r- and e ,• or ^j 

and i,"! • The other Arabic letters have been transliterated as fol- 
lows :— ^ th, ^ kh, j dh, j z, JL sh, ^ dl, ]o tl, ^ gh, ^s f . 

Tlie nasal letter 'ain c. which changes its sound according to the 

vowel written with it, is represented by a rough breathing (') placed 
before the vowel. The purely Arabic letters given above are very 
generally mispronounced by Malays, dh being pronounced as z, th as 
*■, and sometimes / as p, and z as j. Such words are given in the 
vocabulary under both letters in order to mak6 it easy for the student 
to find them; thus idhin will also be found under izin, and thalatlw, 
under salasa. 

Orthographic Signs. 

As already stated, the inverted couuna represents the Arabic nasal 
letter 'ain. It is placed before the vowel which has the nasal sound, 
as in the words 'alam, 'ihnu, m'aliin, do' a. 

The apostrophe represents the Arabic sign hamzah, both at the 
end of a word as described above and also in the middle of a word 
between two vowels, where it indicates that the vowels must be pro- 
nounced separately ; this is also the case where the short vowel sound 
is followed by another vowel, as in the words s'isi, h'atas, t'akan, the 
hamzah being used in such cases in the Malay character. The apos- 
trophe is further used to indicate an initial short vowel before the - 
consonants m and n, as in the words 'mas, 'ritah, 'lygan, etc. 

Tlie hyphen is used in this Vocabulary to show the division of 
the words into syllables, except w]iere the division is marked by ani 
apostrophe or an inverted comma or by the mark ' which shows where 
the accent falls, as described below. In ordinary writing the hyphen 
should only be used where a word is reduplicated, or to separate 
from the words to which they are attached those prefixes, suffixes 
and other particles which do not form an integral part of the 
word itself; these are: the preposition k-, the abbreviated numeral 
.S-, the passive prefix di-, the pronominal suffixes, -ku, -mu, and 
-lya, and the particles 'lah, -kah, -nah, -tah: The preposition di is 
distinguished from the passive prefix di- by the absence of the hyphen. 

viii Introduction. 

References to the Grammar. 

Words which are followed by numerals in parentheses are re- 
ferred to in the " Practical Malay Grammar " in the paragraphs of 
which the numbers are given, where in every case some further 
explanation of such words will be found. By this means the Voca- 
bulary becomes to some extent an index to the Grammar, and in 
regard to the use of certain words the student is enabled to obtain a 
large amount of information which could not possibly be looked for 
in a Yoeab.ulary. 

Root Words and their Derivatives 

In the Malay language a very large number of words are derived 
from root words by the addition of prefixes or sufiBxes. Sometimes 
several prefixes and suffixes are attached to the same word, and there 
is so much variety in their use that it would be extremely cumbersome 
to insert all such derived words in alphabetical order as separate words. 
The plan which is followed in this vocabulary is that which has been 
adopted in all Malay dictionaries, namely to put all derived words 
under the head of the roots from which they are derived. 

Some prefixes and suffixes are only used to form nouns, and 
others are used with verbs. The former are : 
Prefix p, which denotes the agent. 

Prefix p and sufBx an, forming absti'aet nouns from verbs. 
Prefix per and suffix an, forming verbal nouns from verbs. 
Prefix h and suffix an, forming nouns from adjectives and 

Suffix an forming nouns from verbs, and usually expressing 
the thing which is affected by the action. 
The verbal forms are : 

Prefix ber, which forms present participles with intransitive 

Prefix ter, which forms past participles. 
Prefix di-, which forms the passive voice. 
Prefix m, used with transitive verbs. 
Suffixes han and i, which form transitive verbs. 
In this vocabulary the derivatives will be found in the follow- 
ing order: (1) compound words apd phrases formed with the simple 
root in combination with other words; (2) the verbal derivatives; 
(3) derived nouns. Only those derivatives are given which are in 
ordinary use ; the fact that anv particular derived form is not found 
in the vocabulary must not be taken as an indication that it cannot 
be used. 

In the case of words which are essentially verbs or can be used as 
verbs in the root forrii, the derivative formed with the prefix her or m, 
as the case may be, is given inunediately after the root. Where the 
prefix her is thus given it may be taken to indicate that the verb is in- 

Inteoduction. ix 

transitive, and where the preiix is m that the verb is transitive ; in the 
latter case one of the siilBxes kan or i is sometimes given to show 
which of these forms is most commonly used; in some cases either 
may be used. Some roots may be used either ti"ansitively or intran- 
sitively, in which case the derivatives with ber and m are both given. 
It must be understood that the preiix in can always be used with deri- 
vative ^erbs formed with the suffix kan or i; this being the case it has 
not been thought necessary to give the derivative formed witli m as ^ 
distinct form of the word. 

In derived words formed with the prefixes ber, ter, pery di- and k, 
the first syllable of the root undergoes no change, and the word can 
therefore usually be discovered without any difficulty, but with the 
prefixes hi and p the root in many cases changes its form. A referr 
ence to the following list of changes will usually enable the student 
to decide what the root is : — 
If the root commences with 

I, m, n, or r, it undergoes no change; 

b, the prefix' becomes mm or pm, as buka, mmbuka; 

p, the prefix becomes mm or pm, and the initial j> of the root is 
elided, as putus, mmutusj 

d or j, the prefix becomes mn or pn, as dapat, mndapatj 

t or ch, the prefix becomes mn or pn and the initial t or ch of 
the root is elided, as taroh, mnarohj 

g or h or a vowel, the prefix becomes miy or prg, as gali, 

k, the prefix become mrg or prg and the initial k of the root is 
elided, as kararg, mrgararg; 

s and sometimes ch, the prefix becomes mry or pry and the 
initial s or ch of the root is elided, as suroh, mryuroh. 
The chief difficulty in discovering the root arises when the root 
commences with p, t, or k, from the fact that when the initidl letter 
has been elided there is no means of knowing what that letter may 
have been; thus the root of m,mutus might be either muiiis or putus, 
and that of rtinaroh and mrgararg might be either naroh or taroh, or 
kararg or araig respectively. When in doubt the student must look for 
both forms. Thus with derivatives commencing with mry, the root 
should first be sought for uij^er the more common letter s and then 
under ch, those commencing with mn should be looked for first under 
i and then under n, those commencing mm under p or m, and those 
commencing mrg under k or under the vowel which follows the mrg. 
Similarly of course with ^Jerivatives formed with p in its various 

Words of Foreign Origin. 

Tlie Malays have a remarkable aptitude for adopting foreign 
words, which in most cases become assimilated to the Malay style of 
pronunciation, the spelling being sometimes changed to suit the new 

X Intkoduction. 

prontinciation. It is important that the student should know the 
source from which such foreign words have come, in order that he may 
be able to discriminate between synonymous words and decide which 
should be used in conversation with the various nationalities by 
whom Malay is spoken. Thus one would not hesitate to use words 
of Chinese origin in speaking with the Baba Chinese, or to use Javanese 
words in conversation with persons who come from the Dutch Indies, 
whereas one should avoid words of Arabic or Persian origin except 
when speaking with educated Malays. It should be remembered, 
however, that some foreign words have become so thoroughly incor- 
porated in the language as to be well understood by all, as for instance 
such words as waMu, 'umor, smoa, humi, fihir, fakat, etc. A large 
iiumber of English, Portuguese and Dutch words, however, th^ough 
well understood in the Settlements, are practically unknown to natives 
living in the interior, so that it is necessary to exercise some discre- 
tion in the use of such words. 

-Spelling of Foreign Wor.Js. 

Malay lexicographers have usually romanized words of foreign 
origin in harmony with the spelling of the language from which such 
words are derived rather than with the way in which they are pro- 
nounced by Malays. This plan of having a different system for roman- 
izing foreign words causes great confusion in a vocabulary and has 
been avoided as far as possible in this work. Such words will be 
found spelt phonetically according to the Malay pronunciation. Thus 
Sanskrit and Arabic words which are pronounced by Malays with the 
short vowel sound are so spelt in this vocabulary, whereas most lexi- 
cographers who use e for the short vowel have spelt such words with 
a, i, or u, as tanira, nrscliaya. and pusaka, which are here spelt tnira, 
nschaya and psaha. The former arrangement, though perhaps scienti- 
fically correct, presents such unnecessary difficulties to the tinsophistic- 
ated mind that a consistent system of phonetic spelling appears pre- 
ferable. Again it may be more accurate to write kalimat shahadat, 
but as the Malays always say kliiaah shahadat, it would be misleading 
to spell otherwise. 

Acpent in Root Words. 

In order that one may pronounce correctly, it is just as important 
to know on which syllable the stress should be laid as it is to have 
every word spelt phonetically. A novel feature of this vocabulary 
is that the stress on each word is shown by means of an accent, in the 
same way as is done iii Webster's Dictionary. It will be noticed 
that in root words the accent usually falls on the penultimate. When 
the vowel of the penultimate is short, however, the accent very fre- 
quently falls on the last syllable. In some two-syllable words there 
is an almost equal stress on the two syllables, and in such cases the 


accent depends a great deal upon the position of the word in the sen- 
tence. For instance when the words tiarg, iurun or ialian come at the 
end of a sentence the accent falls on the last syllable, but when placed 
elsewhere in the sentence there is some uncertainty as to the accent,, 
though it generally seems to be on the penultimate. Words of Arabic 
origin are often accentuated by the Malays in a manner different from 
the Arabs. In this vocabulary no attempt has been made to indicate 
the original Arabic pronunciation; the aim has been to accentuate 
every word in the way in which it is ordinarily pronounced by Malays 
in the colloquial language. 

Accent in Derivatives. 

Many authorities on the Malay language have maintained that in 
derivatives the accent moves forward on the addition of a suffix from 
the penultimate of the root to the penultimate of the derived word. 
The Dutch scholar van der Wall was the first to controvert this 
theory, which is also opposed by the grammarian Gerth van Wijk, and 
is undoubtedly incorrect. As a rule the accent in derivatives remains 
on the same syllable on which it stood in the root, the principal excep- 
tions bein^ words ending in arg, in which the accent falls on the penul- 
timate of the derivative on the addition of the suffix an. Those who 
wish to see the arguments on both sides of this question will find it 
fully discussed in a paper on " The Evolution of Malay Spelling," in 
No. 36 of the Journal of the Straits Branch of the Eoyal Asiatic 
Society, published as a separated paper by the Methodist Publishing 

In regard to the division of the syllables it will be found that on 
the addition of a suffix commencing with a vowel the final consonant 
of the root is carried forward to commence the new syllable. The 
Malays invariably divide the syllables in this way, each syllable being 
begun with a consonant wherever it is possible. The same thing is 
done when a prefix ending in a consonant comes before a root com- 
mencing with a vowel, as. ni-iya-l-u from mrg and aku. 


Another special feature of this vocabulary is that synonyms or 
words of cognate meaning and sometimes those of exactly opposite 
meaning, are referred to in the case of a very large proportion of the 
words. This is intended to open up a very wide field of study to those 
who wish to make a careful comparison of the precise meanings of 
Malay words, and who desire to be able to discriminate between words 
of nearly similar meaning. The advanced student is strongly re- 
commended to make sxich words a special study. 




A. D. 

unno domini, 

in the lit. 


year of our 

Lord. S.. 








ttom. coefl. 

numeral coefBcient. 






Baba Malay. 









q. v. 

which see. 














for example. 


iised only in Chris- 



tian literature or 



among native 











paragraph 30 of the 



"Practical Malay 







Malay=English Vocabulary. 

a'bad (Ar.), that which has no 
end, an eternal future; see 

a-bah-a'bah (Jav.), harness. 

a'bai^, elder brother. 

a'ban-ta'ra (Sk.), herald; see 

a'bok, see liahol: 

a'bu, ashes. 

a'chai^, messenger, envoj'. 

a'chap, plunged deeply into 
water, or (a weapon) into 
the body. 

a'char (Pers.), pickles. 

a'cheh, a kind of leech; Acheen. 

a'chi (Eng.), axle. 

a'chu, m-rga'chu, to threaten, 
brandish, feint, pretend. 

a'chu-an, mould, matrix, plan, 

a'chum, m-rga'chum, to stir up 

hatred, irritate. 
a'da (45, 50-54), to exist, be, be 
present, take place. 
a'da-l-an, to bring into exis- 
tence, cause, make, invent, 
k'a'da'an, existence, condition, 

a'da-iya, a word used to empha- 
size the close of a sentence. • 
a'da-pun (133), a punctuation 
word. M' 

a'dab (Ar.), politeness, courtesy. 

a'daig, ni-rga'darg, to lie in wait 
for, lie in ambush. 

a'das ma'nis, aniseed. 
a'das p-das' , cummin. 

'a'dat (Ar.), custom, habit. 
hu'rarg 'a'dat, uncouth, rude. 

/a'dek, younger brother or sister. 
a'dek ber-a'dek, to be brothers 
and sisters. 
*a'dil (Ar.), ]ust, fair. 
h'a'di-lan, justice. 

a-din'da, younger brother or 
sister (polite form of adeh). 

a'di-pa'ti (Sk.), a Javanese title. 

a'di-ra'ja, di-ra'ja (Sk.), a 
Malay title. 

a'do-hi', alas. 

a'don, m-rga'don, to knead, ma'.co 

a'du, ber-a'dii, to sleep (court 
per-a'du-an (124), bed, bed- 
room, sleeping place (court 

a'du, m-rga'du, -lean, to cause a 
fight, a contest or a dispute, 
make a complaint. 
prg-a'du-an (134), complaint, 

'a'fi-at (Ar.), good health. 

a'fi-un (Ar.), opium; also apiun. 

a'gak, to guess, conjecture, esti- 
mate. Cf. gamaJc. 

a-ga'ma (Sk.), a religion. Also 
pronounced igarna and 

A^AfTT^-/^ ..^<r^^ 




a-ga'ma Is'lam, the Moham- 
medan religion. 

a'gar, in order that, so that. 
a'gar ja'rgan, lest. 

a-gar-a'gar, a seaweed and the 
jelly made therefrom. ^ 

a'gas, sandfly. 

»'go»E (Jav.), great, in certain 
phrases, as: 
ti'arx) a'gorg, mainmast. 

a'had (Ar., first), Sunday; usual- 
ly ha'ri a'had; see liari. 
a'hal, ah'lu (Ar.), people. 
ah'lu 'n-nu'jum, astrologers. 

ah'li (Ar.), familiar with, accus- 
tomed to. 

ah'mak (Ar.), foolish, stupid. 

ah'wal, or ih'wal (Ar.), plural 

of hal, q.v. 
'a"ib (Ar.), disgrace, shame; 

disgraceful, despicable. ^_^ 
'a"ib-kan, to despise. 

Ai-ro'pa, Europe; also Iropah. 
'a-ja"ib (Ar.), wonder, marvel; 
wonderful, marvelous. 

a'jak, m-rga' jaJc, to persuade, in- 
cite, invite, urge a person to 
accompany one= (B.) ajat. 

a'jal (Ar.), destiny, term of life. 

^ a' jar, m-rga' jar, -kan, -i, to teach, 

chastise, preach (X.). 
,_. i-la'jar (98), to learn. 

p-la'ja-ran (124)), lesson, the 

thing taught. 
p-rga'jar (181), a teacher, 

preacher (X.). 
p-rga' ja-ran (134), instruction, 
a'ji, m-rga' ji (103), to read, learn 
to read, especially the Koran. 
a'jok, m-rga' jokj to mimic, ridi- 

'a'kal (Ar.), understanding, in- 
telligence, reason; the mind. 

'a'kal hu'di, intelligence. 

ber'a'kal (114), intelligent, in- 
tellectual, sensible. 

a'kan (45, 148, 150), to, for, in 
order to, shall, will. 
ta'a'han, will not, it cannot be 
that — . 

a'ka-nim' (Ar.), persons of the 
Trinity (X.); plural of 

a'kar, root, a generic term for 
climbing plants. See also 
ianir, jarghar, tunjarg. 

akh'bar (Ar. plural of hhahar), 
news, a newspaper. 

a'khir (Ar.), the end, the last; 
last, final. 
a'lehir-rya, the end of it, at last. 

a'khi-rat (Ar.), the future life, 
dun'ia a'khi-rat, in this world 
and the next, for all time. 

ak-sa'ra (Sk.), a letter (of the 
alphabet). See huruf. 

a'ku (6, 7), I, me. 

m-rga' Jcu, -i (103), to confess, 
avow, guarantee, undertake 
to do a thing. 

p-rga'ku-an, confession, creed 

a-la-baiig'ka (Port.), crowbar. 

a'lah, to lose in a conflict, suffer 

defeat; also kalah (B.). 

a'lah-kan, to defeat, subdue. 

'a-Ia'i-hi' (Ar.), unto him. 

'a' lam (Ar.), the universe, the 
'a'lam bar-zakh'. Hades, the 
abode of deiparted spirits." 


"a-Ia'mat (Ar.), sign, token, *''^- 
mark, emblem, symbol, ad- 
dress of a letter. , 

s!\, transverse, across. 

a-la'tyan, bar, sand bank at the 

mouth of a river. 
pa'larg, cross bar, transverse 
beam. Cf. malarg. 

a'iarg, usually a-Iarg-a'larg, h-pa'- 
larg or a'laiy h-pa'larg, in- 
significant, of slight extent 
or degree, of no account. 
a'larg-kah, is it a small thing? 
an emphatic interrogation, 
as a'laiy-kah ba'ik, would it 
not be good? 

a' lap, m-iya'lap, to gather fruit 
hy cutting with a knife on 
the end of a pole. Cf. jo- 

y a'las (164), that which is placed 
^ under anything, lining, 

nlas-kan, to line, put some- 
thing under. 

a'iat, apparatus, instruments, 
equipment, weapons. Cf. 

a'leh, her-a'leh, to change one's 
position, move (intrans.). 
n'Mi-han, to remove, shift. 

a-li-a'Ii, a sling. Cf. Isirg. 

a'li-hah (Ar.), gods; plural of 

"a'lim (Ar.), learned, scholarlv, 
well informed. V-. UtAMA- 

a'lir, m-rga'lir, to flow (as water). 
^ al-ke'sah (Ar.) (133), punctu- 
ation word. 

Ai-ku'dus (Ar.), the holy. 
""^ Roh' Al-hu'dus, the Holy 

Al'lah (Ar.), God. 

an almeirah, 
(Ar.), tlie Messiah, 
Also I'pa^ 

al-ma'ri (Port.) 



al'pa (Sk.), neglect, 
aVpa-han, to neglect. 

a'lii, ni-rga'lu-kan and m-rga-lu- 
rga'-lu-kan, to go to meet or 
receive a person. 

a'lu (Jav.), a pestle for husking 

rice; usually antan. 
a'lun, large waves, a swell; see 

nmbak and glombarg. 

a-lun-a'liin (Jav.), courtyard, 
open space before a house. 
Usually hlaman. 

a'lur, a channel, groove, water- 
a'lu-ran, canal, ditch. 

al'wat (Ar.), aloes-wood; usual- 
ly gliaru. 
a'mah, a Chinese nurse. 

'a'mal (Ar.), deed, action; good 

works, meritorious action. 
a'man (Ar.), peace, security. 

a-ma'nat (Ar.), trustworthy; 
fidelity, trust, trustee. Some- 
times pronounced unianat. 
a-ma'nai-kan, to entrust. 

a'maiig:, m-rga'marg, to threaten. 

Cf. ugot and gertak. ^^fvj^p^ 

a-ma'rah, anger; see marah. '^'•^hv^ 

a- mas', gold; see 'mas. e*^ 

a'mat, very. ^ 

m-rga-mat-a'ma-U, to give 
special attention to, watch 
very closely. 
am'baig, tlie upper and lower 
beams of a door frame. Cf. 

'am'bar (Ar. 'anbar)^ amber. 



^ am'bil, m-n/ain'hil (o5). to take, 

am'bil u'lijin = ma'l'an a'rgin. 
to go for an airing or plea- 
sure excursion. 

ni-rgam'bil ha'ti o'raiy, to gain 
people's affections. 

am'bin, a scarf or band for se- 
curing burdens carried on 
the back. 

am-bo'i, oh ! exclamation of as- 

atn'bol, m-njam'hoJ, to rebound. 

d'i. anjaJ. 

am-boii^-ani'bot]g:, a plant, the 
pith of which is used for 
lamp wicks. 

ambun, see 'inhun. 

w- a'min (Ar.). amen; true, faith- 
a'mir (Ar.), chief, commander. 

y^ a'mok, m-iga'mok, a frenzied as- 
sault: to attack furiously, 
" run amuck." 

y am'pat, or 'm'-pat (29-35). four 
am' pat b-las', fourteen. 
am'pat per-"-!/!' or am'pat per- 

sa'gi, square. 
am'pat pu'loli, forty. 
Vam'pat, all four. 
s-per-ain'pal, a quarter. 
yarg k'am'pat, the fourth. 

am'pu, m-rgam'-pii, to hold in 
the hands, govern, rule over, 
support, sustain. 

am'pun, m-rgam'-piui . -laii. -i, 
pardon, forgiveness; to for- 
give, pardon. 
I'am'pu-nan, forgiveness. 

am-pu'iya, to possess, own. 
pu'rya (12, 14, 1"., 21), the pos- 
sessive particle. 

inui-pv-ryo.''i, to possess, own. 

a-nai-a'nai, the white ant; see^ 
smut put eh. 

(^^a'nak, child, the smaller part of 
a thing, the young of animals, 
and plants. 
a'nah A'daiii, children of 

Adam, the human race. 
a-iial'-a'ita-l-an, a doll. 
^ a'nah anj'l-at, adopted child, 
v^ anal- a' yam, chicken. 
t^ a'nal- a'yer, a small stream, 
i, a'nal- bi'ni, family. 
L- a'val- borg'su, 3f0ungest child, 
u^ a'nal- bu'ah, the dependants of 

a Malay chief. 
i^ a'nah chu'chu, descendants. 
a'nal da'ra, virgin. 
a'nal da'yorg, oarsman, rower. 
a'nal l-m'bar, twins. 
s_^ a'nah hun'chi, key. 
— a'nal la-hi-la'hi, ])oy. 
i^ a'nal li'dah, the uvula. 
^ a'nah mu'iid, a pupil. 
^ a'nah neg'vi, native of a coun- 
a'nah pa'nali, arrow. 
a'nah pi-a'tu, orphan. 
•^ a'nah p-ra'ltu, boatmen, sailors- 
\/^a'nah p-rem'pu-an, girl. 
^ a'nah va'ja, prince. 
V— a'nah ro'da, spokes of a wheel. 

a'nah sau-da'ra, nephew, niece. ( 
^ a'nah sn'lorg, first-born. \ 

^ a'nah su'igai, tributary stream. ' 
y^a'nah taiy'ga, steps of a ladder.:'^ 

a'nah ti'ri, step-child. 
<- a'nah tuig'gal, only child, y^ 
a'nah ya'tim, an orphan. -"^ 
ber-a'nahj to have children, bear 
x/- ber-a'nah-han (11^ 
forth, to beget. 
per-a'na-han, native, native 

ha'nah-ha'nah, infaiit. 


to bring 


a-nak-n'da, a-iian'da, child, (po- 
lite fomi of anak). 
t/ a-nam' or 'nam', six. For 

derived forms see anipat. 
ananas, see nanas. 
an'bi-a (Ar.), prophets; plural 

of nabi. 
an'chak, a plate or basket of 

liamboo in which offerings to 

the spirits are placed = (B.) 

hu-aig' an'chak, to put out 

an'dam, m-iyaii' dam (Pers.), to 

dres^, arrange (hair) ; fringe. 

an'darg, torch of dry coco-nut 

an-de'ka (Jav.), you, pronoun 
of the 2nd person, used in 
addressing superiors. 

aneka, see aniln. 

a-ng^an-a'iigan, thoughts, medi- 
tations, unsatisfied desires. 
a-iyan-a igan lia'ti, conscience 

(X.). ■ 

ans'gal, light, buoyant, high in 
the water (of a ship). 

aiig'gok, m-njaiy'tjoJc, to nod or 
bow the head. 
^ arg'gor, the grape vine. 

aiig-go'ta (Sk.). a member, limb, 
part of the body. I Co^xn ■''^ 

aig'grek, orchid. 
y^ a'ligin, wind. 

t^ am'bil a'lyin, see avihil. 
f^ clia'kap a'rgiii, empty talk. 
^ di a'ias a'lyin, M'indward, west- 
tern lands, 
^^ 41 ba'irah a'lyin, leeward, Ma- 
layan lands. 
\^ jiia'kan a'tyin, see ambil. 

jtta'ta a'njin, the points of the 

^ po'l-oh a'lyin, a storm cloud. 
^ a'njin-l-an, to dry in the air. 

aig'ka (Sk.), a figure, arithmeti- 
cal symbol. 
aiy'l-a du'a, the figure two, sign 
of reduplication. 
aig-ka'ra (Sk.), perverse, vio- 
aig-ka'sa (Sk.), the skv, the 

aiie:'kat, m-rgaiy'hat, -Ian (5o, 
i^ 63), to lift up, raise. 

anj'l-at a'nnl-, to adopt a child. 
a'nah ary'hai, adopted child. 
her-arg'hat, to depart. 
aiy'l-n-ian, expedition, fleet of 

ships, caravan. 
maiy'hat, to die (court lan- 
panj'liai, stage, platform, tier, 
rank, position. 
^ans'kau or 'iig'kau (6, S, 10), 
thou, thee, you. 
arg'kop, tweezers, small pincers. 
aig'kut, m-rgarg'l-nt, to fetch and 

carry, carry piece by piece. 
aig'sa (Sk.), goose. 
an-ia'ya (Sk.), tyranny; see 

a-ni'ka (Sk.), of various sorts, 
all kinds of; also aneha. 

an'jal, ni-rgan'jal, to I'esist pene- 
tration, resist or throw back 
a weapon, cause to rebound. 
C'f. ambol. 

tj/an'jiiie:. dog. 

an'joig, a raised hall or veran- 
dah, cabins in the poop of a 

m-igan'joig la-yaiy-la'yary, to 
throw a kite up in the air. 
an'jur, m-rgan'jur, to project, 
stand out, precede. 


p-rgan'jur, one who precedes, a 

an'sur, her-an'sitr, to progress. 
ier-an'svr-an'siir, gradual ly. 

an'tan, pestle of a mortar. 

yc' aii-ta'ra (Sk.), between, among; 
an interval of time or space. 

p-7yan-ta'ra, a go-between, me- 
diator (X.). 

s-man-la'ra, while, whilst, (lur- 

an-te'ro (Port.), the whole, all, 

an-ting-an'tiii:, ear-drops. 

an't-las or at'las (Ar.), satin. 

an'tok, m-rgan'toh (103), to 
doze, sleep. 

an'tok, her-an'tol-, to collide, 
strike against. 
ha'iii ter-au'toh. stumbling 

block (X.). /.e«r;i,:^^. 

. a'nu, a certain (person or place). 
si-a'nu, Mr. so-and-so. 

a-nu'g-rah (Sk.), favour, grace, 
'^ the gift of superior to an in- 

ferior. Sometimes nugraha. 
a-nn'g-rah-kan (149), to give 
(to inferiors), bestow a fa- 

^^ a'tyam, m-rga'iyain, to plait, in- 
terlace (as basket work). 
Cf. slam pet. 

an-ya'ya (Sk.), tyranny, perse- 
cution, oppression. 
an-ya'ya-han, to persecute, op- 
press, injure. 

a'lyut, drifting; see liaryut. 

j^ a'pa (IS, 19), what? 
^^ a-pa-a'pa, whatever. 
^ a-pa-bi'la, when. 
a'pa fa' sal, why? 

a'pa gii'na, what is the use? 
a-pa-ha'la, when. 
a'pa-lali, prithee, if you pleasf- 
a'pa ma'cham (19), what kind 

a'pa s-bab', why? 
ba-rarg-a'pa, whatever. 
ti-dal a'pa, it is nothing, never 
'^ mind. 

b-b-ra'pa, some, several ; how- 
'^ ever much (144). 

b-ra'jja, how much, how m,-iuy_ 
however much or many (in- 
definite immber). 
, s-b-ra'pa, as many as, as much 
b-ta'pa, how? why? 
^ k-iia'pa, why? 
^^ m-iya'pa, wliv? 
^ si-a'pa (18, 19), who? 
yha'rarg si-a'pa, whoever. 

p-rga'pa-lan, to do something- 
to a person. 

a'pam (Tam.), a thin cake made- 
with flour. 

, a'pi, fire. 

a-pi-a'pi, the generic name for 

several kinds of trees. 
ba'i'a a'pi, embers. 
1^ bu'rga a'pi, sparks, firework?. 
^ gu'noty a'pi, volcano. 
Ica'pal a' pi, steamship. 
^ I'a'iiu a' pi, firewood. 
^ k-rc'ta a'pi, locomotive engine,, 
p-ri'oJc a' pi, bomb. 
^ di-riia'l-an a'pi, consumed by 

a'pil (Eng.), appeal. 

a'pit, m-tga'pit, to press, nip,. 

ber-a'pit, close together, in 

p-)ga'pii, a pinch of anything 

(as snuff). 


a'pi-tan, a press for printing, 
or for extracting the juice of 
sugar-cane, etc. 
pi-un, opium; see afiun. 
a'poiig;, driftwood; to drift. 
a'ra, trees of the genus fig. 
.__- 'A'rab (Ar.), Arabic, Arabian. 
a'rah, towards, in the direction 

a'rak (Ar.), spirituous liquors, 

a'rak, her-a'rak, to march in pro- 

^ per-ara-kan, state carriage, 

processional car, procession. 
a'rai^, charcoal. 
^ a'rarg ba'tu, coal. 
^^a'rarg di mu'lca, disgrace, 
i^ b-narg' a'rarg, chalk line. 
^^Ica'yu a'rarg, ebony. 
•a'rash (Ar.), throne (of God) ;^ 

also 'arsh. 
*a'rif (Ar.), intelligent, well-in- 
formed, cultured. 
ar'ki-an (133), then, thereupon. 

Also araMan. 
a'roig, m-rga'rorg, to wade, ford 

a river, cross a sea or strait. 
•arsh' (Ar.), throne (of God). 
ar'ta (Sk.), property; see herta. 
ar'ti or er'ti '(Sk.), meaning, 

,^ ar'ti-rya, that is to say. 

m-rg er'ti (103), to understand, 
i^ m-rger'ti-han, to explain, give 
the meaning. 
p-rger'ti-an, understanding, in- 
tellect, intelligence, sense. 
a'rus, current, tide; see harus. 
ar'wah (Ar. plural of roll), the 
spirits of the dead, feasts in 
honour of the dead. 




a-sa' or sa', one ; see satu. 

da'lam s-pu'loh a-sa', one in 

ten, a tithe. 
a'sa-han, to unite, make one. 

a'sa (Sk.), hope. Also see asal. 
pu'tus a'sa, hopeless. 

a'sah, m-rga'sah, to grind, whet, 
sharpen. Cf. kUir. 
ha'tu a'sah, whetstone. 
a'sak, m-rga'sah, to fill tightly 
(as a bag), ram in, press 
(as in a crowd). 
a'sal (Ar.), origin. 

a'sal-u'sul, descent, origin, gen- 

a'sal, if, provided that ; also a'saU 
han, and sometimes asa. 
a'sal ja'rgan, lest. 

ya'sani, acid, sour; also masam. 
li'mau a'sam, the lime fruit. 

a'sap, smoke. 

'a'shik (Ar.), in love, enamour- 
ed; love, passion. 

a'sin (adj.), salt, saline; also 

^a'sirg, separate, apart, distinct, 

foreign, private. 
^ o'rarg a'sirg, a stranger, 
y neg'ri a'sirg, a foreign country. 
^'sirg-Tcan, to separate, set 


a'soh, m-rga'soh, to nurse, take 
care of children. 
p-rga'soh, a nurse. 

a'su, dog, in the expression gi'gi 
a'su, canine teeth. 

a'sut, m-rga'sut, to incite, stir up, 
instigate: (B.) usut, q.v. 
a'su-tan, instigate. 

a'tap, thatch, usually of palm 
(/ leaves ; hence any roof cover- 


/H-TUI/A^ /^^y\^\rr\. ^,/ 


a' tap gn'tiixj, a tile roof. 

K a'tas, on (27), above, over, 
against (150). 
di a'tas a'lyin, windward, west- 
ern lands. 

l^ a'tau (Sk. atawa), or. 

a'tla-mat (Ar.), greatness, pow- 
er; great, mighty. 
at'las (Ar.), satin. 

i^ a'tur, m-iya'tur, -Ian, to arrange, 
put in order. 
a' tit-ran (125), arrangement. 

a'um, m-iya'um, roar (as a tisrer). 

a ur, several kinds of large bam- 

a'wak, thou, you. 

a'wal (Ar.), first; commence- 
ment, beginning. 
^ a' wan, cloud. 

a'wat (Penang), why. 

a'yah, father. Usually bapa. 
a'yah-n'da, father (polite 

a'yak, m-iya'yah, to sift. 
a'tja-kan, a sieve. 

^ a'yam, a generic name for fowls. 
a'ljain h-lan'da, a turkey. 
a'yam hu'tan, jungle fowl. 
a'yam i'tek, poultry. 
a'yam jan'tan, cock. 
a'yam km-M'ri, a capon. 
a'yam mu-ti-a'ra, guinea fowl. 
a'yam sa'boiy, a fighting cock. 

I a'liah a'yam, chicken. 

gom-ba'la a'yam, one who tends 

la'yer bu'lu a'yam, latteen sail. 

a'ya-pan, food, eatables (court 

a'yat (Ar.), verse of the Koran, 
or of the Bible (X.). 

' a'yer, water, liquid, juice. 

a'yer arg'gor, wine. 
(^ a'yer a' pi, strong acids. 

a'yer ball', a flood, inundation. 
(/ a'yer b-ku', a'yer ba'tu, ice. 

a'yer di'deh, whey. 

a'yer gu'Ia, molasses, sirup. 

a'yer kaii'ji, gruel, rice water. 

a'yer h-ras' , spirituous liquors. 

a'yer ma'du, honey. 
i^ a'yer man'di, bathing water. 
^ a'yer 'ma-s', gilding. 
1^ a'yer ina'ta, tears. 

a'yer ma' war, rose water. 
^^ a'yer mi'num, drinking water. 
^a'yer mu'l-a, complexion, ex- 

pression of the face. 
f^ a'yer pa'saiy, flood tide. 

a'yer sm-hah' yarg , water for 
religious ablutions. 

a'yer su-ritt', ebb tide. 

a'yer ta'war, fresh water, 
ix-' a'yer teh', tea. 

a'yer ter'jun, waterfall. 
.^ bu-aiy' a'yer, to ease oneself; 

see huarg. 
K^ ma'ta a'yer, spring. 

ta'nali a'yer, one's native land. 

a'yun, ber-a'yun, to swing, rock, 
a'yii-nan, a rocking cradle, 

a'zal (Ar.), that which had no 
beginning, an eternal past. 
Cf. abad. 

'a'zi-mat (Ar.), charm, spell, 
amulet. Also taighal. 


bab' (Ar.), chapter. 

b^'ba, foreigners born in Malaya, 
' especially Chinese. 

ba'bi, pig. 
ba'bi hu'tan, wild pig. 


gl'la ha'hi, epilepsy. 

^ ba'cha, mm-ha'cJia, to read. 

ba'chaig, the horse mango. 

iba'dak, the rhinoceros. 

ba'dam (Pers.), the almond. 

i^- ba'dan (Ar.), the human body. 
Cf. tuboh. 

^ ba'gai, kind, sort. 

her'-ha-gai-ha'gai (115), pl- 
ba'gn i, ha-gai-ha' gai, of 
various kinds. 
s-ha'gai, the same kind, even 
as, like. 
,^_,--^ hagaimana, see bgimana. 

ba'gan, (Penang) landing stage ; 
see paigTcdlan. 

ba'ghal (Ar.), mule. 

j/ ba'gi, to, for, towards; (Penang) 

to give, cause = Ttasi. 
^ bagitu, see bgitu. 
^ ba'gus, beautiful, fine, nice. 

bah', flood, inundation. Cf. 
^ &hak. 

ba'haig, radiant heat. 
bah'kan, yea, moreover. 
bah't-ra (Sk.), state barge; ark 
v^ ba'hu, shoulder. 
^.Vbah'wa (Sk.) (138), a punctu- 
ation word ; see bltawa. 
bah'ya or ba'hi-a (Sk.), danger, 
peril. Also ma'ra bah'ya. 

bai-du'ri (Sk.), certain precious 
stones, — o]3als, cat's eyes, etc. 
Cf. manil-am. 
^^ ba'ik, good, well; (B.) in good 
ba-il--ba'ik, be careful. 
bail-, .ba'ik. ., both., and.. »-1 
U-- ba'H-Jah, all right. 
ba'ik pa'ms, handsome. 

UVv W^.- 9 3i^«^2^ ^ y ^^ 

•^ t t 

/ a' da ba'ik? (B.) ai-e you well? 

( jn'ga ba-ik-ba'ik, be careful. 

kha'bar ba'ik, lit., good news, a 
reply to salutation; see klia- 
i^^ m in-ba'i-ki (103), to mend. 
k-ba'i-kan, goodness. 

bait' (Ar.), house, in certain 
phrases, as: 
bai'tu 'Hall, the house of God. 
Bai'tu 'l-mu-ka'dis, Jerusalem. 

ba'ja, manure. 

inm-ba'ja, to manure. 
ba'ja (Sk.), steel. 

b-si' ba'ja, steel. 
ba'jak, plough. Cf. ttggala. 

iiia'ta ba'jak, ploughshare. 

tdtg'kai ba'jak, plough handle. 

ba'ji, wedge. 

ba'jik, only found in its deriva- 
tive : 
k-ba'ji-kan, virtue, good deeds, 
welfare, advantage. 

ba'ju, coat, jacket. Cf. jubali. 
.— ba'ju da'laia, underwear, vest. 
...- ba'ju ran'tai, coat of mail. 
ba'ju zi'rah, coat of mail. 
\^ia'rgan ba'ju, sleeve. 
ba'ka, origin, birth, breeding. 
ba'ka (Ar.), eternal, imperish- 
able, as opposed to fana, 
perishable. Cf. kkal. 
ba'kar, mm-ba'kar, -kan, to 
/ burn, roast. Cf. liargus. 
ba'kar b-si', to make iron hot. 
fer-ba'kar, burnt. 
ba'kau, mangrove. 
ba'ki (Ar.), surplus, remainder, 

cash balance. 
ba'koig, lily. 
bak'sis (Pers.), present. 
bak'ti (Sk.), loyalty, loyal ser- 
vice, devotion. 





ber-hah'ti, devout, loyal. 
h-bak'ti-an, loyalty, devotion. 
ba'kul, basket. Cf. hranjaty, 
garirg and raga. 

ba-la" (Ar.), trouble, affliction, 

calamity; also bla'. 
ba'la (Sk.), soldiers, an army. 
ba'la ill t-ra, an army. 

ba'lai, a hall, the roof resting on 
jiillars, and not enclosed by 
walls; a police station (Pe- 
nang and Perak). 
ba'lai-rorg' or ba'lai ru'aiy, a 
king's hall of assembly. 

ba'lak (D.), a beam, baulk. 

ba'laig, a long-necked bottle. 

ba'lar, whiteness of the skin, as 
of an albino. 

ba'las, mm-ba'Ias, -kan, to send 
a reply, recompense (good or 
evil), return, revenge, re- 
ba'Jas dn'dam, to revenge one- 
ba'las su'rat, to answer a letter. 
ba'la-nan and pm-ba'Ia-saii, re- 
ward, requital, revenge. 
ba'lau, a timber tree. 
bal'di ( Hind .), iron pail. 
baldu, see bludii. 

ba'Iek, her-ha'leh, to turn (163), 
return; (B.) on the contrary. 
C'f. hmbali. 
ba'Iek sa'kit, relapse. 
pxi'tar ba'Iek, shuffling, jjrevari- 

ba'lek-kan, to turn round or 
upside down, upset. y 

ba'ligh (Ar.), adult, at the age 
of puberty; also 'a'kal ba'- 
ba'lu, widow, widower; usually 
janda. Cf. bujarg. 

ba'lut, min-ha'hd, to wrap, ban- 
dage. Cf. bavut and bbat. 

bam'bu, the bamboo; see bulok 
^ and aur. 

ba'mi (Chin.), Chinese vermi- 
celli with meat and vege- 

ban'chi, poll-tax, census. 

ban'dar (Pers.), a seaport town.. 
sliali-ban'dar, harbour-master. 

ban-dar'sah (Ar.), a village- 
mosque; see mandarsah. Cf. 
surau, and msjid. 

ban'dirg, a match, counterpart, 

peer, compeer; to compare; 

also bandirgkan. 
ba'ng;at, quick, rapid, hurried. 

Cf. chpat, Ikas, dras, lajw 

and pantas. 
ba'igai-kan, to hurry a person^ 

or work. 

ba'i|g;au, heron. 

baig'kai, carcase, corpse. Cf. 

barg'kit, ber-barg'kit, to rise (to 
i/' a standing posture or as 
dust), rise from the dead 
(X.).'5-i:Ke.xxiv Hk 

baig'kit-kaii, to raise up, rouse 

k-baig'ki-taii, resurrection(X.) . 

baig'ku (Port.), a bench, stool. 

bai^'sa (Sk.), a race, nation, 
"^ people, caste, good breeding. 
ber-baig'sa. of good birth, no- 

baiiS'sal, shed. 

bail/ ml kit' da, stable. 

barg'sat, vagabond, tramp, pau- 

bang-sa'wan (Sk.), noble, of 
good birth. 



baiig:'si, flute, flagiolat. 

y^ha'rgun, to arise, awake. Cf. 
jaga and sdar. 
^^ ho! rgun-lcar^, to arouse, erect, 
ba'rgu-nan, building, erection. 
ta-rgun-ba'rgu-nan, tower. 

ba'ni (Ar.), sons, people; see bni. 

ba'ni-an (Hind.), a Hindu tra- 

ba'ni-an, a shirt. 

ba'nir, projections at the base of 
certain trees which extend 
to the ground like buttresses. 

ban'jar, a row, series. Cf. deret. 

ban'tah C149), her-han'tali, to 
dispute, argue, quarrel. 
per-han'ta-han, dispute, quar- 

ban'tai, mm-han'tai, to slaugh- 
ter; beat severely. 

ban'tai, pillow, cushion. 

Wkar ban'tai, bedding (of a 
native) . 

ban'titg, mm-ban'tirg, -kaii, to 
beat together, dash down; to 
beat as clothes on a stone in 
washing them; to toss about 
in bed as in delirium. 

^fban'Urg k-pa'la, to rack one's 

^^ han'tirg tu'larg, to exert one- 
ban'tu, mm-ban'tu, to help, aid, 
assist. Cf. tolorg. 

ban'tun, mm-bat^tun, to tear up 
by the roots, pull up, pull 
out. Cf. chabot. 

ban'tut, abortive. 

ba'iyak, much, many, very; 
quantity (36, Note). 
ba'fyak o'rarg, many people. 



o'rarg ba'ryak, the people, the 

populace, a crowd. 
s-ba'tyak, so many, as many. 
Ic-ba'iya-l-an, the majority, the- 
major part; common, ordi- 
ba'pa, father. Cf. ayah. 
' ba'pa sau-da'ra, uncle. 
ba'pa ti'ri, step father. 
^mak' ba'pa or i'bu ba'pa, pa- 
,bap'tis and bap'ti-san, baptism, 
bap'tis-kan, to baptize (X.). 
ba'ra and ba'ra a'pi, embers, live 

ba'rah, abcess, ulcer, tumour. 
Cf. pkorg, bisul and jrawai.' 
ba'rai]g:, things, goods, personal 
propert}', baggage. Also 
ba'raig a' pa (20), whatever, 
^ ba'rarg bi'la, whenever. 
^ ba'raig di ma'na, wherever. 
.^ ba'rarg-ka'U, perhaps. 

ba'rarg k-ma'na, whithersoever. 
^ba'rarg si-a'pa (20), whoever, 
ba'rarg s-su-a'iu, whatever. / 
ba'rarg yarg', whatever. 
s-ba'rarg, any, anything. 
,ba'rat, west. 

^ ba'rat da'ya, south-west. 
^ ba'rat la'ut, north-west. 

s-sat' ba'rat, altogether astray. 
ba'riti^, ber-ba'rirg, to lie down. 
ba'rirg-han, to lay down. 
^ba'ris, a line or row, a line of 
soldiers, hence drill; vowel 
ba'ris di a'tas, the Arabic vowel 

sign fathah = a. 
ba'ris di ha'ivah, the Arable 
vowel sign kasrah = i. 




ha'iif: di lia'da-paii, the Arabic 

dlammah = u. 
ho'ris ina'ti, or ian'da ma'ii, 

the sign jazm, q. v. 

ba'rus, ka'pitr ba'ni.<i, camphor. 

ba'rut, mm-ba'rut, a bandage or 
boclice worn by native chil- 
dren; to bandage a wound. 

bar-zakh' and 'n'Jam har-zalcli'. 
Hades, the place of departed 

^ ba'sah, wet, moist. 

ha'mh ku'tjup, wringing wet. 

ha sali-kan , to wet. 

l-n'in ha'sa-han, bathing cloth. 

ba"sat (B.) (Chin.) bedbug. 
ba'si, mouldy, stale. 
ba'soh, mm-ba'soh, -kan, to 

ba'ta and ha' hi ha'ia, a brick. 

ba'tal (Ar.), futile, ineffectual. 
ha'ial-l-an, to bring to nought. 

ba'targ, trunk or stem (of trees 
and plants) ; numeral coeffi- 
cient of long cylindrical ob- 
jects (83, 8-1)." 
ha'iairj a'yer, watercourse, main 
stream of a district. 
^^ha'taiy hi'doiy, the bridge of 
the nose. 
ha'ianj Ica'yu, trunk of a tree. 
ba'taiy le'liir, the neck. 
ba-ta'ra (Sk.), a title given to 
Hindu gods. Usually htara. 

ba'tas, ridges, banks round wet 
rice fields, hence boundaries; 
also hatasan. 

ba'tek (Jav.), Win la' tele, cot- 
ton prints or hand painted 


ba'til, a small metal bowl or 
diinking cup. 







ba'tin, a title of Malay chiefs. 

ba'tin (Ar.), concealed, inward, 

esoteric, as opposed to tlahir, 

ba'tok, cough. 

ba'toh l--iiig', consumption. 
ba'tok sa'lak, whooping cough. 
ba'tu, stone, rock, milestone, and 
*^ hence a mile. 
ha'tu a pi, flint. 
ha'tu a'mh, Avhetstone. 
ha'tu ha'ta, brick. 
ha'iu h-ra'ni, loadstone. 
ha'tu h-si', granite, or any hard 

rock. Cf. hatu uhin. 
ha'tu da'rliiiy, the weight of a 

ha'tu gi'lirg, a stone roller for 

grinding curry stuff. 
l)a'iu k-pn'la, the crown of the 

liead, the cranium. 
ha'tu kn'rarg, coral, coral reef. 
trn'tu ki'sa-ran, millstone. 
ha'tu k-li'kir, gravel. 
ha'tu k-ri'sek, gravel, finer than 

the above. 
ha'tu li'chin, pebbles. 
ha'tu M-la'ka, flooring tiles. 

Cf. hatu rubin and batu 

Im'tu ru'bin, flooring tiles. 
Itn'tu ier-an'tok, stumbling 

block (X.). 
ba'tu u'hin, flooring tiles; (in 

Singapore) granite. Cf. 

ha'iu u'jl, touchstone. 
ii'ratg ba'tu, coal. 
ii'i/er ba'tu, ice. 
chap' ha'iu, lithography. 
gu'ta ha'tu, loaf sugar. 
ju'ru ha'tu, the second mate of 

a vessel. 
ru'niah ba'tu, a brick house. 
tu'kaig ba'tu, mason, brick- 



\/^ ban', odour, smell, fragrance. 
hau' bu'sok, a bad smell. 
her-bau' , having a smell, odor- 
• haii-hau'an (130), incense, per- 
ba'tir, mixed, confused, in dis- 
cliani'pur ha'iir, in confusion. 

^/ ba'wa, mm-ba'wa (55), to con- 
vey, carry, take, bring. 
<-—--'" ha'iia di'vi, to take oneself ofE. 
ba'wa i'man, to embrace the 
faith, become a Moham- 
v,^ " ha'u-a ja'hn, to lead the way. 
ha'iva la'ri, to run away with. 
ha'ti-a ma'sok, to take in, in- 
ba'wa mu'lut, to talk scandal, 

ba'iva per'gi, to take away. 

ba'wah, below, under. 
de'ri ba'wali, from below. 
di ba'wah, below. 
,^ di ba'wah a'n/iit, leeward, Ma- 
'-^ layan lands. 

h-ba'wah, to the lower side. 

. ba'waiig;, onion. 
ba'yam, spinach. 
ba'yan, a kind of parroquet. 
,^/'ba'yarg;, shadow, image. 
-ba'yar, mm-ba'i/ar, to f)ay. 
ba'yar ni'at, to pay a vow. 
ba'ya-ran, a payment. 
b-bal', ignorant, stupid. 

b-ban', burden, load. 
b-bat', to wrap round, 
round with cloth, etc 
balut and band. 
b-b-ra'pa, some, a certain quan- 
•^ tity; however much (144); 

see a pa:. 



b-dak', a cosmetic made of rice 
flour, toilet powder. 
b-da'ki, to powder. 

b-dal', to beat violently with a 
stick ; to eat to excess. Cf . 

b-d-bah' (Pers.), ill-omened, ae- 

cuj-sed, wretched. 
b-dil', firearms. 

o'bat b-diV, gunpowder. 

b-doii^', ka'in h-dorg' , swaddling 
clothes. Cf. lampia. 

be'a, cowrie shells; taxes, cus- 

be'bas, free, having liberty. Cf. 
be'bas-kan, to set free, liberate. 
k-be'ba-san, liberty, freedom. 

J/ be'cha (Chin.), jinrikisha. 
be'chak, puddle, muddy or 
swampy place. 

be'da or be'za (Sk.), difference, 
be'da-kan, to distinguish, dis- 

behkan, see balilcan. 

be'la, human sacrifice, suttee; 
itin'tiit be'la, to seek vengeance. 

be'lek, mm-be'lek, to look closely. 

be'lok, to luff, tack (in sailing). 

be'lot, treachery ; to be a traitor. 
pm-he'lot, a traitor. 

bens'kaiig;, see berglcoh. 

\J( beig'kok, crooked, bent. 

be>;i'1carg berg'Jcoh, zig-zag. 

be'ijgoiK or bi'ngfoig, confused 
(of the mind), disconcerted, 

ben'teng:, fort, stockade. Cf. 



be'rak, to ease oneself ; see huarg 

beranda, see IrandaU 
be'cana;, furious, wild with rage. 
Jber-ha'la, an idol. ~~~~-— ^ 

ru'mah ber-ha'la, a heathen 

beriigin, see hrirgin. 

■ber'kas, a faggot, a bundle of 
things tied together. 

■ber'kat (Ar.), blessing, benedic- 
tion, good influence. 

her-ka'ti, to bless. i 

ber'kek, snipe. 

Ber'ma (Sk.), the Hindu god 
Brahma; also bralima. 

ber'man (Sk.), a brahmin; also 

ber-naig', to swim; see rnarg. 
ber-ni-a'g'a, to trade; see tniaga. 
berok, see broh. 

ber-o'leh, to possess, own; see 

ber'seh, clean. Cf. suchi. 
ber'seh-Tcan, to clean. 

ber'sin, snee'Zing; to sneeze. 

be'san, her-be'san, related by 
marriage of their children. 

be'sok, to-morrow; see esoTc. 

be'ta (Hind.), slave, servant. 
TJseJ"as a pronoun of the 1st, 
person by royalty. 

b-gi-ma'na (144), how, in what 

b-gin'da (Sk.), a title given to 

kings and princes, and used 

as a pronoun of the 3nd or 

3rd person. 
b-gi'ni, thus, so, like this. 
b-gi'tu, thus, so, like that. 

b-ha'gi, mm-b-ha' gi, -lean (149), 
a division, share, part; to 
share, divide. 
b-lia'gi-an, a share. 

b-ha-gi'a (Sk.), good fortune, 
■^ blessing ; blessed, happy ; also 
>^ berbhagia. 

b-ha'na (Sk.), sound of voices, 

b-ha'ra (Sk.), a measure of 
to'Iah b-ha'ra, ballast. 

b-ha'ru (161), new, recent; new- 
ly, lately, just, then and not 
till then. 

b-ha'sa (Sk.), language, good 
manners, politeness. 

lu'di b-ha'sa, tact and polite- 

ja'lan b-ha'sa, idiom. 

ju'ru b-ha'sa, interpreter. 

l-u'rarg b-ha'sa, impolite. 

bhatra, see bahtra. 

b-ha'wa (138) (Sk.), a punctua- 
tion word, generally intro- 
ducing a quotation. Also 
^ b-ha'ya (Sk.), danger; see bah- 

bi-a'dab (Pers.), rude, dis^ 

bi'ak, prolific, fertile. 

bi'ar, -lean, to allow, perihit; 
sometimes used almost in the 
sense of although (let it be), 
as, hiar lamhat pun jadi 
juga, though it be a long 
time it will do. 

bi-ar-bi'ar, intestinal worms. 

bi-a'sa (Sk.), accustomed, ex- 
perienced, intimate, usual. 
bi-a'sa-Jcan di'ri, to accustom 
oneself, practise. 






bi-a'wak, the iguana or monitor 

tji'bi (Hind.), lady, aunt; form 
of address to ladies. 

bi'bir, the lips, edge or rim of 
Vihir dia'wan, the edge of a 

— hi'bir ma'ta, eyelids. 
„ hi'Mr mii'Jut, the lips. 

bi'bit, mm-hi'bit, to carry or pick 
up with the tips of the 
bi-cha'ra, deliberation, discus- 
sion, discourse, conversation, 
advice, opinion, legal pro- 
ceedings, court of Justice. 

her-bi-cha'ra, to discuss, con- 

hi-clia'ra-kan, to advise. 

bi-da-da'ri (Sk.), nymphs in 
Hindu mythologj', houris. 

bi'dai, hanging screens or blinds 
made of split rattan or bam- 

bi'dak, a pawn in the game of 
chess; see chatur. 

bi'dai, thimble; better didal. 

bi'dan (Sk.), midwife. Cf. du- 

bi'daiig:, broad, extensive; numer- 
al coefficient of sails, mats, 

etc. (84) 
bi'du-an and bi-du-an'da, body 

guard, royal messenger. 
bi'dur, an ingot or block of tin. 
iji'jak (Sk.), learned, clever, 

skilful; (B.) fluent of 

bi-jak-sa'na (Sk.), intelligent, 

skilful, discreet. 

bi'jeh, tin ore. 

bi'ji, a seed, grain; numeral cq- 
effieient of small objects 
(83, 84). 
bi'ji ma'ta, eyeballs. 

bi'kin (B.), to make, do. Cf. 
"^ bnat. 

bi'Ia, when, when? 
4^ a-pa-bi'la, when. 

bi'lah (83, 84), numeral coelfir 
cient of knives, swords, 
needles, etc. 

bi'lal (Ar.), the man who cails 

to prayer, the muezzin. 
bilalai^;, see blalarg. 

bi'laiig, mm-bi'larg, to count, re- 
■^ count, reckon, tell, say. 
ter-bi'lanj, famous, renowned. 
bi'Iarg-lcan, to reckon, consider, 

bi-Ia'iyan, reckoning, number. 

bi'lek, room. 


bi'Iur, scar, mark of a blow, 

bi-ma-sak'ti (Sk.), the rnilky 

bim'batK, anxious, uncertain, 
vacillating, irresolute. 

i^bin' (Ar.), son, son of. 

bi-na'sa (Sk.), ruin, destruc- 
tion; to go to ruin. 
' bi-na'm-kan, to destroy. 
J^hi-na'tsLVg, animal. 

biig'kis, a gift, a present sent 
with a letter. 

bi'iigoiig:, confused, disconcerted, 

^^/•bi'ni, wife. Cf. istri. 

^ a'nak bi'ni, wife and family. 

ber-bi'ni, to have a wife, be 
married (of the man). 

bcr-bi'ni-kan, to take to .wii«. 




bin'tai^, star; also a decoration. 
bin'taiy her-a'sap, comet. 
hin'taig her-e'l-ov, comet. 
hin'targ ber-i'dar, planet. 
hin'taiy p-targ' or bin'targ ba'- 
rat, Venus as an evening 
bin'targ ti'mor or bin'taig ba'bi, 
\'enus as a morning star. 
bin-ta'igor, the name of a tree; 

see bntargor. 
bin'ti (Ar.), daughter of. 
bio (B.) (Chin.), temple. 
bi-o'la (Port.), violin. c 

bi'ras, brother-in-law or 

bi-ri-bi'ri (Hind.), sheep 

doinba and kambiiy. 
bi'ru, blue. 

ha'ru bi'ru, confusion, disorder, 
bi'sa, poison; poisonous, painful. 
bi'sa (Jav.), able, capable, can. 
bi'sek, ber-bi'sek, to whisper. 

bi'sirg, chattering, or any un- 
pleasant noise of that kind. 

Bis'nu (Sk.), the Hindu 

bi'su, dumb. Cf. Idii. 






bi'sul, a Ijoil, abcess. Cf. jraivat' 
and barah. 

b-kal', supplies for a journey, 
especially food, provisions. 

b-kas', mark or impression left 
by any body or action ; vessel 
in which anything is con- 

b-l-as' la' hi, footprint. 

b-kas' ia'igan, handwriting, sig- 

b-kas' tii'boh, that which has 
touched the body, clothes 
presented as a token of affec- JB 
tion. M^ 



■ku', congealed, coagulated, fro- 
a'ljei- b-lcu', ice. Cf. ayer batu. 

■ la" (Ar.), affliction, calamity, 

misfortune; also ba-la". 

■la', mm-b-la', to nurture, sup- 
port, bring up children. Cf. 

■ la'chan, a composition of dried 

fish and prawns used to sea- 
sou curries. 

'la'chii, unbleached calico. 

■ lah', mm-b-lah', to split, cleave, 

divide, cut in two length- 

s-b-lah' or sb'lali, one side of 
that which is divided, hence 
one side. of anything. 

sh'lah ka'nan, the right side. 

sh'lah ki'ri, the left side. 

sb'Iah ma'ta, one eye. 

sb'lali si'ni, this side. 

Often = the other side, as : 
sb'Iah gu'norg, the other side 
of the mountain. 

sh'lah m-iyb'lah or k-du'a b- 
lah', both sides. 

sb'Iah-kan, to lay aside, sepa- 

la" jar, to learn; see ajar. 

la'ka, altogether, entirely, 

la'kaiig;, the back, the poster- 
ior; behind, hereafter, after- 

b-la'ka-igi and b-la'kaiy-kan , io 
turn one's back on. 

la'lai, the trunk of an ele- 
phant, the proboscis of in- 

la'lai^, grasshoppers, locusts 
and crickets. 

lan'da, Dutch; a corruption- 
of Hollander; also ivolanda. 








. ^ b- 


laig', piebald, variegated; spot- 
ted, striped. 

la'iga, an earthenware pot used 
for cooking. 

lan'ja, expenses, cost of any-, 
thing, allowance to meet ex- 
penses, hence salary. 

h-lan'ja-li-an, to expend. 

lan-ta'ra, wild, waste places, 

hu'taii h-lan-ia'ra, the Jungle. 
riin'ha b-Ian-ta'ra, the wilds of 
the forest. 

las' (30), a word which forms 
the numerals from eleven to 
nineteen, similar to the Eng- 
lish " teen." 

las', pit\r, sympathy, compas- 

h-Ias'l-an, to arouse sj'mpathy 
or to have pity on. 

lat', network of rattans laced 
together, used with fishing 
stakes; hence fishing stakes 
or fish traps. 

la'tok, woodpecker. i 

la'yer, to sail; see layer. 

le'rang, brimstone, sulphur. 

le'tip, to babble, chatter; sec 

li', to buy, purchase. 

ju'al h-W, to trade, buy and 

sell. J 

pm-h-li, that which buys, the 

price or the buver. 
li'an, a' timber tree. 
li'kat, the shoulder blade. ^ 

li'oifi;, the large Malay axe. 
Cf. l-apak and palil. 

a'rgin pu'tirg h-W org, water- 

lit', a coil, a turn; a necklace 

or a bandage; to encircle (as 
a snake). 

b-lu'du (Port), velvet; also 
pronounced bal'du. 

b-lu'kar, underwood, jungle cut 
down and grown up again, 
scrub. Cf. hutan and rimba. 

b-lu'laig, untanned or raw hides; 
callus, callosity of the skin. 

vpb-lum' (T2), not yet; this word 
sometimes has only the force 
of a simple negative. 

b-lum' hali'win, unmarried. 

b-lum' la'gi, not yet. 

b-lum' ma'sak, unripe or insuffi- 
ciently cooked. 

b-lum' per'nah, never yet. 

s-b-lum', before (eonj.). 

b-lurg'gu, fetters, shackles. 
b-lut', eel. 

b-nam', ter-b-nam', sunken, de- 
pressed, partly buried. 
b-naii;', thread. 

b-naig' a'rarg, chalk line. 

b-nar', true, right, just, good. 
s-b-nar'-iya, truly, verily. 
b-nar'lean, to confirm, autho- 
rise, approve, justify. 
h-b-na'ran, accuracy, , truth, 
verification, righteousness. 

b-na'ra, a washerman ; usually 

b-na'sa, ruin; see binasa. 
b-na'taiig, animal; see binatarg. 

bn-cha'na (Sk.), trouble, "injury, 

bn'chi, mm-bn'chi, to hate. 

bn'da, a thing, an article or ob- 
ject, especially valuables. 
her'ta bn'da, property, especial* 

ly household property. 
ma'ta bn'da, jewellery. 




bn-da-ha'ra (Sk.), the title of 
the highest official in a Malay 
State, originally meaning 
per-bn-da-lia'ra'an, treasury. 

bn-da-ha'ri (Sic), treasury of- 

bn'daig, fields (either irrigated 
or dry). Cf. huma, ladary 
and sawali. 

bn-de'ra (Port.), flag. 
ti-arg' bn-de'ra, flagstaff. 

bn'dul, the beams on which the 

walls of a native house rest. 

hn'dul pin'iu, threshold. 

^ b-neh', seed, grain. 
Big-ga'la, Bengal. 
^ BiK-sa'li, a Bengalee. , 
b-igis', cruel; cruelty. 
btg'kak, a swelling; swollen. 
big-ka'rong;, a kind of lizard. 
bi^'ku-ai^, the screw-pine, from 
the leaves of which Tcajangs 
are made, see Icajarg; also 
b'ni or ba'ni (Ar.), sons. 
h'lii Is'ra'el, the children of 

bn-ia'ga (Sk.), trade, commerce; 
to trade; also mniaga and 

bn'taiig:, mm-hn'tanj, to spread 
out, lay out (as a mat or 
cloth). Cf. ham par. 

bn-ta'igor, the name of several 
timber trees. 

bn'tar, in its derivative: 

s-bn'lar, a moment, an instant. 

bn-ta'ra (Sk.), herald, an officer 

of court. 
bn'tok, curved; numeral coef- 






flcient of rings, fishhooks,, 
b-nu'a, a large region or country,, 
o'rarg b-nii'a, aborigines. 

bo'chor, leaky. 

mu'lid bo'chor, tell-tale, blab. 

bo'doh, foolish, stupid. Cf- 
I'-bo'do-han, stupidity. 

boek (B.) (Chin.), stocking. 

bo'hoiig:, false, untrue; a lie oi- 
>^ falsehood. Cf. dusta. 
pm-bo'horg, a liar. 
bo'kor, a metal basin. 

bo'la (Port.), a ball, billiards.. 

bo'leh, able, can, may, coiild, 
might. See oleh. 

bo'lu (Port.), sponge cake; also- 
buah hulu. 

bom' (Eng. and D.), a boom,, 
the pole or shafts of a car- 

,bom'ba (Port.), pump, fire-en- 
gine, syringe. 

bo'mo or bo'mor, a native doe- 
tor. Cf. dukun und doktor.. 

bon'da, mother (polite style) ; », 
contraction from i-bu-n'da. 

borg'kar, mm-borg'Tcar, to pull' 
up (as an anchor). 
horg'kar sa'uh, to weigh anchor^ 

boiig'kok, hunchbacked, bent (as: 
an old man). 

boi^'su, youngest child, last 
born; also anak borgsu. 

bo'peii:, pockmarked. 

bor' (D.). auger, drill. 

boVoig, wholesale, outright, en^ 







bo'ros, extravagant, prodigal. 

bo'ta (Sk.), a goblin, demon. 

bo'tak, bald, premature or un- 
natural baldness owing to 
disease. Cf. gondol. 

^ bo'tol (Eur.), bottle. 

bo'ya (Port.), a buoy. 

b-ra'hi, sexual passion. 

B-rah'ma, the Hindu god Brah- 
ma; usually berma. 

B-rah'man (Sk.), a Brahmin; 
usually berman. 

brai, see chrai-brai. 

b-ran'dah (Port.), verandah. 

b-ra'iig:aii, arsenic. 

b-ra'i|g:an, chestnut. 
h-ra'rgan ba'bi, oak. 

b-ra'ni, brave, daring, coura- 
geous; to dare to, have the 
courage to. 
ba'tu b-ra'ni, loadstone. 
- h-si' b-ra'ni, magnet. 

b-ra'ni-kan di'ri, to make bold, 
encourage oneself. 

b-ra'pa, how much? how many? 

also used as a contraction for 

bbrapa; see apa. 
b-ra'pa ba'ryah, how many. 
b-ra'pa her'ga, liow much 

(price) ? 
b-ra'pa Jca'li, how often. 
b-ra'pa la' ma, how long. 
b-ra'pa pu'loh, how many tens. 
s-b-ra'pa, as much as, as many 


ras', husked rice. Cf. padi and 

b-ras' be/teh, rice roasted in 

the husk. 
b-ras' hu'ryii, rice stained with 

h-ras' pu'ltit, glutinous rice. ■ 



b-rat', heavy, difficult, important ; 
weight (36, Note). 
b-rat'kan di a'tas o'rarg, to lay 
the responsibility on a per- 

b-ri', mm-b-ri', -lean (78, 149)^ 
to give, grant, concede, al- 
low, permit. 
b-ri' Jia'ti, to encourage. 
i-^ b-ri' i'tyat, to remind, caution. 
b-ri' i-shd'rat, to make a sign. 
b-ri' i'zin, to give permission or 

t^ b-ri' ja'wab, to answer. 
b-ri' ma'kan, to feed. 
b-ri' ma'sok, to let in. 
b-ri' pin' jam, to lend. 
b-ri' salc'si, to witness, testify. 
b-ri' sa-lam', to salute. 
>-- b-ri' ta'hu, to inform, tell. 

b-ri' ta'kot, to frighten. 
V.X- pm-b-ri'an, a gift, present. 

brri'iigm, the waringin tree. 

b-rin'jal (Port.), the egg-plant 
= trorg, q. v. 

b-ri'ta, news, information = 

b-rok', an ape, often trained 

to gather coconuts. 
b-ro'ti, a lath. 
J/b-ru'ai^, a bear. 

b-ru'ga, a'yam b-ru'ga, jungle 

B-ru'nai, a State in N. Borneo, 
whence the whole island is 
so named. 

b-rus' (Eng.), brush. 

b-sar', big, large; size (-36, 
' Note). 

u>^ ha' ri b-sar', festival, holiday. 
ha'ti b-sar', proud. 
o'rarg b-sar' ^ chief, headman. 
tu'an b-sar', the senior in office. 







h-sar'kan, to enlarge, exalt, 

Ti-h-sa'ran, grandeur, greatness. 
pa'kai-an k-b-sa'ran, uniform. 

•^ b-ser'ta, together with ; see serta. 

^ b-si', iron. 

b-si' ba'ja, steel. 
b-si' h-ra'ni, magnet. 
b-si' Tcu'da, a horseshoe. 
^..^ ba'tu b-si', granite. 
ta'Jii b-si', rust. 
tu'lcaty b-si', blacksmith. 

bs-ta'ri (Sk.), polite, accom- 
plished, well-bred. 

b-ta'pa, how; see apa. 

b-ta'ra (Sk.), a title given to 

Hindu gods. 
b-ti'na (87), female (of ani- 
b-tiig', sandbank. Cf. tbiry. 
^_^, b-tis', the lower leg. 

bu'ah b-tis' and jan'torg b-tis', 
the calf of the leg. 
^^ b-tui', correct, true, accurate, 
straight, erect, real, genuine. 
Cf. lurus. 
i^,^- ha'ti b-tuV (B.), sincere, hon- 
, est. 
b-tuVhan, to straighten, repair. 

bu'ah, fruit; numeral coeflBcient 

^ of houses, ships, towns, etc. 

(83, 84). 

bu'ali b-tis', the calf of the leg. 

bu'ah cha'tur, chessmen. 

bu'ah ha'ti-ku, my treasure, a 

term of endearment. 
bu'ah hu'lu, see bolu. 
bu'ah pa'la, nutmeg, 
j^^^ bu'ah pirg'garg, the kidneys. 
bu'ah p-lir', the' testes. 
bu'ah tim-ba'Tgan, weights. 
a'nalc bu'ah, the dependents of 
a Malay chief. 
/ h6r-bu'ah, to bear fruit. 

buah-bu'a-han (130), fruits. 

bu'ai, to rock, swing (as a cra- 
dle). Cf. ayun. ; 
^ bu-ai'an, a cradle, hammock. 

, bu-aig', mm-bu-arg', -lean, to 
'n throw away, get rid of, 


ba-arg' an'chah, to put out of- 
ferings to the spirits; see 
anchak. - • 

bu-arg' a'yer, and bu-arg' a'yer 
b-sar', to ease oneself. 

bu-aixj' a'yer da'rah, dysentery. 

bu-arg' a'yer k-chiV , to urinate 

bu-atg' bi'ni, to put away one's 

bu-ayg' i'rgus, to blow one's 
. nose. 

bu-arg' un'di, to cast lots. 

bu-arg' warg', to waste money. 

sa'kit bu-arg' -bu-arg' a'yer, diar^- 

bu'as, wild, fierce, ferocious (of 
animals). Cf. liar. 

bu'at, ber-bu'at (116), mm-bu'at 
(100), to do, make, cause. 
l^ bu-at-bu'at, to pretend. 
bu'at re'rgan, frivolous. 
bu'a-tan, manufacture. 
bu'a-tan Ai-ro'pa, European 
-^ per-bu'a-tan, deed, act, action. 

bu-a'ya, crocodile. 

i^bu'boh, mm-bu'boh, to put, place, 
lay. Cf. Itak and taroh. 

bu'bok, wood-maggots, weevils. 

bu'bol, mm-bu'bol, to make or 
mend nets. 

buboiig:, see bumborg. 

bu'bor, gruel, broth. 

bu'bu, a fish-trap of rattan. 

bu'dak, child, boy or girl. 



bu'di (Sk.), Tfisdom, prudence. 

hu'di hi-cha'ra, wise discretion. 
.,. hu'di h-ha'sa, tact and polite- 

'a'lcal bu'di, intelligence. 

ber-bu'dij wise, prudent. 

bu-di'man (Sk.), wise. 

bu'eh, foam, scum, froth. 

Bu'gis, a Malayan race inhabit- 
ing the island of Celebes. 

bu'jang, unmarried, single, a ba- 
chelor or widower. Cf. jan- 

bu'jok, mm-bu'jolc, to coax, en- 
tice, persuade; also pujok. 

bu'jor, lengthwise, the long way, 
as opposed to lintanj, trans- 
versely. ... ;,'! 

buk, see buku. 

bu'ka, mm-bu'ha, to open, un- 

hu'ka ja'lan, to lay out a road, 

hu'Tca Tca'in, to take off clothes. 

hu'lca h-dai' , to set up a shop 

hu'ha la'yer, unfurl sails. 

hu'l-a pu-a'sa, to break off or 
cease fasting. 

hu'lca rah'si-a, to reveal a se- 

hii'l-a io'pi, to raise or take off 
one's hat. 

ter-bu'ha (110), opened. 

bu'kan (69, 70), not, is not, are 
hu-kan-bu'lcan, non-existent, of 
no account. 

bu'kit, a hill. Cf. charghat. 
Tca'Tci bu'kit, the foot of a hill. 
o'rarg bu'kit, wild tribes. 

bu'ku, joints (as of the fingers), 
knots in wood, lumps. 

bu'ku (Eng.), a book. Also 


-bu'lan, the moon; a month. 
' 1,'lan da'targ and bu'lan d- 

pan', next month. 
bu'lan d-hu'lu, and bu'lan la'lu, 
t^ last month. 

bu'lan g-lap', when the moon is 
1^ bu'lan per-na'ma, full moon. 
^^ bu'lan tim'bul, new moon. 
^ bu'lan t-rarg', moonlight. 

bu'laiig:, mm-bu'larg, to wrap or 
wind anything round with 
cloth. Cf. bhat and balut. 

bu'lat, round, spherical, cylindri- 
bu-lat-bu'lat , entirely. 
d'lyan s-bu-lat-bu'lai ha'ti, with 
the whole heart. 
bu-li-bu'li, a small, long-necked 
bottle. Cf. balary. 

bu'loh, bamboo, of many kinds. 
Cf . aur and bambu. 
bu'loh ba'rgsi, the Malay flute. 
bu'loh p-rin'du, seolian pipe. 

bu'lu, feathers, down, wool, hair 
of the body. Cf. rambut and 

bu'lu k-ninf , eyebrows. 

bu'lu lan'dak, the quills on a 
porcupine ; when removed 
from the animal they are 
called du'ri lan'dak. 
■^ bu'lu ma'ta, eyelashes. 

bu'lu ro'ma, hairs on the hu- 
man body. 

bu'lu trg'kok, the mane (of a 

la'yer bu'lu a'yam, the Malay 
latteen sail. 

u'lat bu'lu, hairy caterpillar. 

bum'boig, the ridge of. a roof, 
a roof; usually 6Mm-&o'?graw, 
sometimes buborc) and 6m- 
tu'larg bum'borg, ridge pole. 




^ bu'mi ■ (Sk.), the earth, the 

'3^ . bun'dar, round; a ring or circle 
)^\'^\^l3^ drawn with a pen. 

bu'iga, flower; also ornamental 
A y^ designs. 
V ,. /■ iu'iya a'pi, sparks, fireworks. 
,'ff-'T hu'iya chrg'heh, cloves. t-' 

X^ hu'nga hqfrarg, sponge; also 

/ lumut haranj. 

lu'tya pa'la, mace. 
\ iu'iya warg', interest on money. 

bu'igar, in the phrase: 

iu'ali bu'iya-ran, first-fruits. 

1^ buiig'kus, a parcel, bundle. 
bmy'kus-Kan, to wrap up. 

bu'noh, mm-bu'noh, to kill, mur- 
, der. 

pin-bu'noh, murderer. f 

N per-bu'no-han (134), place of 

1 execution. 

' pm-bu'no-han (134), murder. 

/"; bun'tiig, pregnant. Cf. hamil. 

bun'tut, the posterior, the" but- 
tocks, the end, the tail, the 
last. Cf. pantat and purg- 

bu'iyi, sound, noise. ^ 

bu'ryi su'rat, the contents of a 

ber-bu'ryi, to sound, make a 
^ bu-nji-bu'ryi-ah, music. 

bu'ri-tan, stern of a ship. 

bu'rok (163), rotten, worn out, 
decayed, bad (of vegetable 
substances and manufac- 
tured articles). Cf. haus. 

bu'roig, bird. 
, bu'rorg han'tu, owl. 
bu'roty on'ta, ostrich. 

bu'ru, mm-bu'ru, to hunt, chase. 
pm-bu'ru, hunter. 





han'tu pm-bu'ru, " the spectre 

bu'rut, hernia, rupture. 

bu'sar, a bow, an arc of a circle, 
an instrument for cleaning 
raw cotton. Cf. panah. 

,bu'sok (163), putrid, rotten, de- 
composed, bad smelling, foul. 
bail bu'sok, a bad smell. 
na'ma bu'sok, a bad reputation. 

bu'sut, ant-hill. 

bu'ta, blind. 

bu'ta-tu'li, blind and deaf, 
hence used of doing things 
blindly or recklessly. 

bu'ta (Sk.), an evil- spirit, de- 
mon; also bota. 
bu'taig (Eng.), button. 

bu'tir, a grain, small particle; 
numeral coefficient of ; gems 
(83, 84). 

bu'yoig, a water jar, smaller 
than impayan, q. v. 


cha'bai (Sk.), the chili, capsv- 
cumj also lada China. 

cha'baiig;, main branch of a tree, 
bifurcation ; forked. Cf . 
dahan and charary. 

cha'bok (Pers.), a whip. 

cha'bol, licentious ; outrageous 

^ha'bot, mn-cha'bot (146), to 
'^ pull out, pull up, uproot, ex- 

tract, draw a weapon (cf. 
hiinus) ; in Perak chabot 
means also the royalty oa 
tin. Cf. bantun. 

cha'chak, to thrust into 
ground (as a pole). 










cha'char, small pox. 

cha'cliar a'yer, chicken pox. 
la'nam cha'char, to vaccinate. 

tcha'chat, blemish, spot, stain, 

defect. Cf. chla. 
•cha'chiig, a worm= (B.) tarhirg. 

chah'ya (Sk.), light, luminosity. 
Cf. sinar. 
der-chah'ya, luminous; to 

cha"ir, thin (of fluids), liquid; 
as opposed to phat, thick, 

cha'kap, her-cha'hap, to speak; 
(sometimes) to profess one's |/ 
ability to do a thing, be cap- 
able of. Cf. tutor, 
per-rha'h-a-pan, speech, oration, 

cha'kar, to scratcli (as a bird). 

cham', cham'kan, to recognise, 
observe, take note of. 

cham'pak, mn-cham'pah, -han, 
to throw, throw down, throw 
away. Cf. hmnj and hmpas: 

champins, see chompaiy. 

•cham'pur, mn-cham'pur, -kdn 
(149), to mix, mingle. ■ " 
cham'pur ha'ur, in confusion, v 

ichamti, see chmii. 

cha'nai, to polish (metals). 

>cha'naiig;, a gong. 

•chan'du, opium prepared for 
smoking. Cf. apiun and 

•chang'gong;, awkward, 

gruous. Cf. jarggal. 

chaig'kat, a low hill,; cf. lukit. 
<chai{;'ke (B.), tea cup. 
chaiig'kol, a large ,hoe used for 


J'chan'tek, pretty 

Cf. tut. 


^hap', a seal, stamp; to print; 
1 also chaphan and chUah. 

chap' ha'tu, lithography. 
tu'l-arg chap', printer. 
cha'pai, mn-cha'pai, to seize, 
take hold of. 

cha'pe (Jav.), weary; usually 

cha'pek, halting, limping.' Cf. 
temparg and penchdrg. 

cha'ra (Sk.), manner, style, cus- 
tom. ' 
cha'ra Chi'iia, in Chinese style. 

cha'raig, a small branch, twig. 
Cf. chaharg and dahan. 

cha'rek, mn-cha'reJc, -han, to 

tear, rend. Cf. hoyalc. 
cha'ri, mn-cha'ri (Sk.) (14C). 
to seek, look for. 
cha'ri 'a'l-al, to devise means. 
cha'ri ma' lean, to get a living. 
pn-cha'ri-an, livelihood. 

cha'rut, mn-cha'rut, to use ob- 
scene, lang-uage. 

chat' (Chin.), paint. 
tu'lcarg chat', painter. 

cha'tur (Sk.), the game of chess; 
also main gajah, q.v. 'l"'he 
pieces used are called raja, 
mntri, gajah, kuda, tiv, and 
bu'ah cha'tur, chessmen. 
pa'pan cha'tur, chess board. 

incon- i^cha'wan (Chin.), cup, bowl.. Cf. 
^ maigkolc and pidla. 


cha'waiig, a branch = chaharg. 
,-cha'wat, loin-cloth. 
cha'yir, see eha'ir. 
ch-bis', a fragment, small piece. 


chd'ra (Sk.), opposition, defect; 

che^ = inche\ q.v. 

che'bok, a piece of coco-nut 
shell, iised for ladling water. 
Cf. gayorg. 

Chech er, see chicliir. 

che'dok, mn-che'dok, to ladle. 

cheh', pshaw : exclamation of dis- 
gust or scorn. 

cheiig;'si (B.) (Chin.), kitchen 

che'pir, a metal tray or saucer. 

cher'cha, mn-cher' cha, to abuse, 
insult. Cf. maM. 

cher'dek, cunning, shrewd, clev- 
er, sharp. 

y." che'rek, a kettle. 
cheret, see cMrit. 
cherewet, see clireiuet. 
cherita, see chrita. 
cher'mat, careful, frugal, econo- 

z' cher'rnin, mirror, looking glass, 
pane of glass. Cf. Tcacha. 
cher'rnin ma'ta, spectacles. 
cher'rnin mu'ka, looking glass. 

cher'p-lai (Tam.), mongoose. 

cher'pu (Tam.), sandals. Cf. 

cher't-ra, cher't-ra-l-an (Sk. cha- 
ritra), a narrative, tale; to 
narrate; also chtra and ch- 

Che'tek, shallow. Cf. tohor. 

chi'chak, the common house 
lizard. Cf. tleeh. 

chi'chir, to spill, drop out in 
small quantities, dribble. 
Cf. chuchori 

• ' 

chi'chit, great-grandchild. 

chi-ke'weh (B.) (Chin.), family. 

chim'che" (B.) (Chin.), the opem 
court in a Chinese house. 

Chi'na, China, Chinese. 

la'da Chi'na, the chili, red pep- 

chin'chaiig;, to chop up, mince. 

chin'chin, a ring. 

chin'chu (Chin.), a supercargo. 

chin'ta (Sk.), sadness,- solicitude,, 
heartache, love. 

j»- her-cMn'ta-](an, to mourn for. 
^ pcr-chin'ta'an, mourning, sor- 

chi'rit, diarrhoea; usually huarq- 
hnarg ayer.. 
chi'rit da'rah, dysentery. 
chi'rit hin'tanj, meteor. 

chi'ta (Sk.), feelings, sensations,, 
du-ka-chi'ta, sorrow. 
sii-kn-chi'ta, joy. 

chi'ta (Hind.), print, printed 
calico, chintz. 

chi'tak, to print; usually chap. 
chi-um', mn-chi-um', to smell,, 

ch-kar' (Hind.), hard over (of ai 
helm or rudder). 

ch-kek', to throttle, strangle. 
chkeweh, see cltiheweh. 
ch-ki' (Chin.), Chinese cards. 

ch-kra-wa'la (Sk.), the firma- 

ch-la', vin-ch-la', -l-an. defect^ 
fault, flaw; to blame, cen- 
sure. Cf. chachat. 

ch-lah', crack, crevice, fissure. 

ch-la'ka, misfortune, calamity^ 
unlucky; an imprecation. 

► -" 



ch-la'na, trowsers; usually sluar. 
ch-Iek', open (of the eyes). 

ch'lek'kan ma'ta, to open the ^cho'kin (Chin.),, bathing cloth 

G VGS ^"^ 7-1 « r. ^ 7, ™ .^ 

ch-lop', mn-ch-lop', to dip into, 
soak, steep, dye. 

ch-lor', to scald, immerse in hot 
water or oil. 
ch-lor' a' yum, to dip a fowl in 
hot water before plucking it. 

ch-mar', dirty. Cf. hotor and 

chm'bul, a small box. 

chm-bu'ru, jealousy. 
chm-bu'ru-an, jealous. 

ch-mer'laig, glittering. 

chm-pa'ka (Sk.), a tree with 
sweet-scented flowers. 

chm'p-dak, a fruit similar to 
the jack-fruit, but smaller. 

ch'm-ti (Tarn.), a whip. Cf. 

chnchaiig:, see cMnchan/. 
^hn-chu'rut, the musk rat. 
chn-da'na (Sk.), sandalwood. 
chn-da'wan, mushroom, fungus. 

ch-tgaig' and ter-ch-rgaiy' , amaz- 
ed, astonished. 
chig-ka'dok, grasshopper. 
chii^'keh, the clove tree. 
bu'rga chrg'heh, cloves. 

chis'kois, sunken (of the eyes). 
chiK'k-ram, earnest money. 
chrg'k-rek, a cricket. 

cho'ba, mn-cho'ba, to try, at- 
tempt; also used in giving, 
orders in the same way as 
the English word "please" 
clio'ba'i, to tempt. 
^ pn-cho'ba'an.y temptation. 

cho'ki orchu'ki, the Malay game 
of draughts; also dam, q.v. 

Cf. basahan. 

chok'mar, a battle axe or club. 

chom'pang;, in the phrase: 
chompmy-cliampirg, ragged. 

chon'd-roiig: and chon'dong^ 

slanting, out of the perpen- 
dicular. Cf. merirg, seryet 
and serorg. 
chon'dorg ma-ia-lia'ri, when the- 
sun is low. 

choig'kak, pride; proud. Cf.. 

choiig:'kak, cowrie shells ; also a 
game played with shells on. 
a board containing 18 holes. 

choiig:'po (Chin.), a cook. 

chon'toh, pattern, sample. 

chon'terg, to smear, daub. 

cho'rak, the colour or pattern of 
a print or sarorg. 

cho'rerg, streaked, striped, stain- 

cho'roiig;, a pipe, lamp chimney. 

ch-pat', quick, quicklj-. Ci. ba- 
rgat, dras, Jkas, laju. 

ch-pi'au (Port.), a hat, cap. Cf. 
tojn and sorgkok. 

ch-rai', ber-ch-rai' (I-IS), to part 
from, separate from. 

ch-rai' -b-rai' , scattered. 

ber-ch-rai' d'rgan bi'ni, di- 

ch-rai' kav, to se]5arate, detach. 

ch-re'wet, importunate. 

ch.ri'ta (Sk.), a tale, story. Cf, 

ch-rok', corner of a room, nook, 
hidden place. i- ' ■- 



t/^ ch-ru'tu (Tarn.), cigar. 

■chtra = f/u'tte and chertra. 

■cht'ri (Hind.), an awning. 

iChu-a'cha, clear sky, fine weath- 

'Chu'bit, to pinch. "^ 

iy^ chu'chi, to clean. Cf. svchi. 
•chu'choh, to kindle, set fire to.' 
ichu'chok, to stab, pierce, poke, 
push in, push through. Cf. 
iikam . 
cJiu'clioh a' tap, to stitch ataps 

with rattan. 
cliu'cliolc sarg'gol, hairpin. 
■chu'chor, to flow, trickle (as 

water, tears, etc.). 
chu'chu, grandchild. ^ 

■ — - a'nah chu'chu, descendants, 
u — chu'Ra (Sk.), vinegar. 
•chu'kai, tax. 

chu'l-ai k-pa'la, poll tax. 
chu'lcai pin'tu, house assess- 
chuki, see cholci. 

v^ chu'kop, enough, sufficient, com- 
plete. Cf. pada. 
^y chu'kor, to shave. 

in'lcarg rhu'Teor, a barber. 
pi'sau chu'kor, a razor. 

chu'la (Sk.), the horn of the 
rhinoceros and of some fabu- 
lous animals. 

__, chu'ma, only. Cf. sahaja and 
per-chu'ma and chu-ma-chu'- 
ma, in vain, to no purpose, 
for nothing, gratis. Cf. 

chutig;'ki(, to pick with a pointed 

ihu)y'kil (jl'gi, tooth-pick. 

chu'pak, a measure of capacity. 

chu'rah, mn-chu'rah, to pour out, 
spill. Cf. turn pah and 

chu'ram, steep, precipitous, slop- 
ing (as the side of a hill). , 

chu'ri, mn-chu'ri, to steal. 

chu-ri-cliu'ri, secretly, stealth- 
jm-chu'ri, a thief. 

chu'ti (Hind.), leave of absence. 


da'chirg, a steelyard. 

ba'tu da'chiiy, the weight of a 

da'da, the breast, the chest. 
tarn' par da'da, to beat the 

da'deh (Sk.), curdled milk. 
a'ljer da'deh, whey. 

da'du (Port.), dice. 

da'erah, see da'irah. 

daf'tar (Pers.), a list, inventory, 
register, index, table of con- 

da'gaiig;, foreign; a foreigner; 
also o'raix) da'garg. 
da-ga'igan, merchandise. 

da'giig, the flesh of living bodies 
if or fruits, also dead meat. 

da'gini ba'hi, pork. 
da'giig da'rah, blood relation- 
da'giiy ham'hirg or da'girg 6t- 

ri-bi'ri, mutton. 
da'giiy Im'hu, beef. 

da'gu, the chin. 

dahaga, see dhaga. 

da'hak, phlegm. 

daham, see dham. 





da'han, the smaller branches of 
a tree. Cf. chabaiy, chararg, 
rantirg, and cliawmy. 

da'hi, the forehead, 

dah'shat (Ar.), terrified; terri- 
ble ; terror. 
b-ri' dah'shat, to cause terror. 

da"iig, dried fish; also ikan Tcrirg. 

da'i'rah (Ar. circuit), district, 
neighbourhood. Cf. jajahan. 

da'kap, her-da'kap and mn-da'- 
Mp, to embrace. Cf. ploh. 

da'ki, diit on the skin. 

da'ki, usually in the form mn- 
da'hi, to ascend, climb (a 

dak-si'na (Sk.), south; usually 

da'ku, phonetic form of ahu, H'dan, and. Cf. pun. 

dam' (D.), the game of draughts. 
Cf. choJci. 

da'mai, peace, concord. Cf. sjdk- 

tra and sntausa. 
ber-da'mai, at peace. 
da'mai-han and ber-da'mai'hati, 

to pacify, reconcile. 
per-da'mai-an, reconciliation, 

atonement (X.). 
da'mar, resin: hence a torch. 
da'mar ba'tit, common resin. 
da'mar la'ut, a timber tree. 
da'mar ma'ta hu'chirg, a fifl? 

kind of resin. 

damdam, see dmdam. 
dam'par, ter-dam'par, aground, 

stranded. Cf, hqindas. 
dam'piiig:, ber-dam'pirg, near by, 

close to. 

wlien following words ending 
in 11. 

da' lam (27), in, inside; while, 
wliilst, during. 

da'lani an-ta'ra i'tu, in the 

da'lam ber-ka-ta-ka'ta, while 

ba'ju da'lam, vest, undercloth- 

de'ri da' Jam, from within. 1^ 

di da'lam, in, inside. 

k-da'lani, into. 

ma' sol; k-da'lam, to go in; to 
go into, a king's palace 
(court language). 

o'raiy da'lam, royal household. 

da'lam (36, Note), deep; depth. 

da'leh, excuse. . 

ber-da-leh-da'leh, to make ex- 

da-li'ma ( Sk. ), the pomegranate. 

da-lu-da'iu, willow. 

da'nau, a small lake. Cf. taseJc. 

J/-da'pat, mn-da'pat (45, 55), to 
find, obtain, get, be able. 

ta'da'pat ti-a'da, it cannot but 
be, it must. 

da'pa-ti, to find, obtain, get. 

da'pat'han, to come up to ot 
reach a person, meet. 

pn-da'pa-tan, earnings. 

da'pur, cooking place, kitchen, 
stove, oven. 

dar' (Ar.), abode, dwelling; only 
used in such phrases as: ; '■ 
da'ru 's-sa-lani', the abode of 

da'ra (Sk.), usually a'nalc da'ra, 
a virgin. 

da'rah, blood. 

chi'rit da'rah, dysentery. 
ta-han' da'rah, to stop bleeding, 

tni"pat tum'pah da'rah, birth- 



da'girg da'rali, blood relation- 

ma'bok da'rah, faint througli 
loss of blood. 

hu-arg' a'yer da'rah, dysentery. 

da'rat, dry land, land as opposed 

to water. 
her-ja'Ian da'rat, to go by land 

or inland. 
na'iJc k-da'rat, or tu'run da'rat, 

to land, disembark. 
mn-da'rat, to go inland. 

dar'jat (Ar.), rank. 

darji, see derji. 

da'tans (63), to come. Cf. mari 

and sampai. 
hu'lan da'targ, next month. 
yarg a'kan da'targ, future. 
ber-da'targ sm'bah, to come and 

address a superior. 
da'ta-rgi, to attack. 
da'targ-kan, to bring to pass, 

bring about, cause. " 

k-da'ta-rgan, arrival, coming ; 

attacked (by sickness, etc.). 

da'tar, flat, level ; usually rata. 

da'tok: or da' to', grandfather; 
a title of Malay chiefs. This 
word is used by Chinese to 
denote their gods = Chinese 
da'tok ne'nek, ancestors. 

dau'lat (Ar.), power, state, ma- 
jesty; hail! 
dau'lat tu'an-ku, your majesty. 

da'un, a leaf, blade of grass. 
da'nn ka'yu, the leaf of a tree. 
da'un teh', tea-leaves. 
da'vn t-li'rga, the lobe of the 

d'a'wa (Ar.), a proseciition, law- 
k'na d'a'wa, to be prosecuted. 


mn-d'a'wa and d'a'wa-han, to 
da'wai, wire. Cf. kawat. 

da'wat (Ar.), ink. Cf. tinta. 
tm'pat da'wat, inkpoti 

da'ya (Sk.), means, resource,. 

plan ; also in a bad sense,. 

trick, stratagem. 
ti'pu da'ya, trickery, deceit. 
da'ya u-pa'ya, resources, means- 

of doing things. 
per-da' ya-kan , to deceive, dupe.. Kffcl* 

outwit. <,aJUi.Eev^^«<e-^^^ 
da'ya, in its derivatives: 
ba'rat da'ya, southwest. 
s-la'tan da'ya, south-southwest. 

Da'yak, the inhabitants of the 
interior of Borneo. 

da'yarg, a girl, a maid-servant 
at court; used as a form of 
address in speaking to a girl. 

da'yoiig;, an oar. 

a'nak da' y org, oarsman, rower.. 
her-da' yorg , to row, use an oar> 

d'bar, her-d'bar. to palpitate^ 

beat (of the heart). 
d-dak', bran (of rice). 
d-bii', dust; see Ibu and habok. 
dekar, see dikar. 
den'derg, dried meat. 

de'ret, a row, series. Cf. haujar.. 
ber-de'ret, in a row. 

der-ha'ka (Sk.), rebellion, trea- 
son; to rebel; also mnder- 

der-ham' (Ar. dirham), a small 
silver coin. 

de'ri or da'ri (37), from (usual- 
ly ly of places). 

dp'ri o'fax. from above, above. 
de'ri ba'irah, from below. 
de'ri da'lam, from within. 



dn'ri-hal'j about, eoncerning. 
(le'ri lu'ar, from outside. 
^- de'ri ma'na, whence? 
y^de'ri-pa'da, from (of persons), 
on account of (150), owing 
to (140), than (89, 90),- 
hofik de'ri-pa'da or Vheh ba'ik 
de'ri-pa'da, better than. 
de'ii sa'na, thence. 
de'ri s-bab', on account of. 
de'ri situ, thence. 
der'ji (IJipd,), Indian tailor. ' 
der'ma (Sk.), almsgiving, alms; 

usually sdkah. 
<der-ma'wan (Sk.), charitable, 

de'sa (Sk.), a district, territory, 

de'wa and de-wa'ta (Sk.), the 

gods of Hindu mythology. 
de'wan (Pers.), hall of justice, 

law court. 
de-wa'sa (Sk.), time, period; 

usually zman or masa. 
de'wi (Sk.), goddess; fem. of 

d-gil', obstinate. 
d-ha'ga, thirst. 

ber-d-ha'ga, thirsty. 
id-ham', a slight cough, made to 
attract attention or to cigar 
the throat. 
her-d-hain', to cough as de- 
scribed above. 
^dhat' or zat (Ar.), substance, 
essence. •■ 

zat' Allah or dha-tu 'I'lah, the 
divine essence or nature. 
>dho'bi, washerman; see doli; 

also bnara. 
4l-hu'lu, previous, former; be- 
fore (adv.) ; see hulu. 
d-hu'lu- l-a'la, formerly, in 
olden times. 

d-hu'lu de'ri-pa'da, before 
^nan'ti d-hu'lu, wait a moment. 
sa'bar d-hu'lu, please be patient. 
z'man d-hu'lu, olden times. ' 
d-hu'lu-i, to precede, go before. 
d-hu'hi-kan, to prefer, put first. 

di- (10-5), a particle prefixed to 
verbs to form the passive. 

di (26, 37), at, in. 

di'a (6, 9, 13, 15), he, she, it, 

they, him, her, them ; also ia. 

di'a o'rarg, they (colloquial, not 

found in Malay writings). 
di'a pu'rya, his, hers, theirs. 

di-am', ber-di-am' , silent, quiet; 
to be silent, be quiet, dwell, 
live. Cf. tirggal and dudoh. 

di-am-di-am' , quietly, secretly. 

ber-di-am' di'ri, to keep silence. 

di-a'mi, to inhabit. 

di-am'kan, to silence, put to 
silence; to permit. 

k-di-a'man, habitation, dwell- 
ing place. 

di'an, a candle. Cf. lilin. 
ka'ki di'an, a candlestick. 

di'aiig;, mn-di'arg, to toast, warm 
at an open fire. Cf. parg- 
ber-di'aig and ber-di'arg di'ri, 
to warm oneself at a fire. 

di'dal (Port.), thimble; also 
lidal. a ^i'ctdtQ%'^ 

di'deh, mn-di'deh, to boil, bubble. 
a'yer di'deh, the water in which 
rice has been boiled =(B.) 
ayer am. 

di'kar, mn-di'kar, to fence (with 
kris or sword) ; also dekar. 

di'kau, thee, phonetic form of 
argkau, chiefly used ■ after 
words ending in n. 



dikit, see sdikit. 
di'na (Sk.), poor, unfortunate. 
hi'na di'na, the poor and lowly, 
the common people. 
di'nar (Ar.), a coin, usually of 

• din'diiig;, a partition, interior wall 
of a house. 
di'igin, cold, cool. Cf. sjuh. 
di-ni-ha'ri, early dawn, twilight. 
diraja, see adiraja. 
dirham, see derham. 
^di'ri (33-24), self, oneself; also 
ha'wa di'ri, to take oneself off. 
ber-di-am' di'ri, to keep silence. 
1^^* da'lam di'ri, inwardly, in one's 

u--" min'ta di'ri, to excuse oneself, 

take leave. 
,^^ s'o'rarg di'ri, alone, by oneself. 

Icn-di'ri, self. 
_^- sn-di'ri, self. 

sa'ma sn-di'ri-tya, among them- 

ber-di'ri, standing erect; to 

di'ri-Tcan, to erect, construct, 

her-di'ri-Tcan, to erect. 
di'rus, mn-di'rus, to sprinkle; 
also diris; usually percheTc. 
d-kan', the .bamboo rat. 
'-d-kat', close, near, nearly, al- 
most ; also d-hat' d'rgan, and 
d-hat' h-pa'da. Cf. hampir. 
d-lca'ii, to approach. 
d-kat'l-an, to bring near. 
dla"if (Ar.), weak, feeble, iu- 

tirm; usually Imah. 
d-la'ki (B.), maie^lahi-laki. 
diam'mah (Ar.), the vowel point 
corresponding to o and u; 
see haris. 


d-la'pan, eight; also pronounced 
lapan. (For derived forms 
see ampat). 
d-li'ma, pomegranate ; see dalimu. 
,,d-mam', fever. 

d-mam' gi'gil, ague. 

d-mam' h-pi-a'lu, continued 

d-mam' ku'ra, intermittent fe- 
dm'dam, rancour, animosity; see 

d'mi or da'mi, when, as, at the 

time when; by (in oaths). 
dm'ki-an or d-mi-ki'an (143),. 
thus, in this manner, in that 
dm'ki-an i'ni, in this manner. 
dm,'ki-an i'iii, in that manner. 
dm'ki-an ju'ga (163 a), just in. 
that way. 
dn'da (Sk.), a fine, mulct. 

k'na dn'da, to incur a fine. 
dn'dam, desires, longings; also' 
in a bad sense, a desire for 
ha'las dn'dam, to revenge one- 
m-na'roh dn'dam, to harbour- 
revenge, bear malice; see- 
rin'du dn'dam, anxious long- 
d'ii;an, with, together with, and,. 
(91) as. 
d'lyan dm'ki-an, that being the- 

d'rgan hi'dop-rya, alive. 
d'rgan ka-dar'-nya, proportion- 
d'rgan na'ma Al'lali, in the- 
' name of God. 
d'rgan p-ren'tah, by order. 
: d'rgan s-lrg.'kap-rya, fviUy equip- 
ped, complete. 



d'rgan s'o'rarg di'ri, alone. 
d'rgan ti'a'da, without. 
ber-ch-rai' d'rgan, to separate 

ser'ta d'rgan, togetlier with. 

^ d'l^ar, m-n'igar, (102f), to hear, 

d'rgar-kan, to listen to. 

k-d'iya-ran, it was heard {im- 

p-n'rga-ran, the sense of hear- 

diig:'ki, envy, malice. 
'' m-na'roh drg'ki, to bear malies. 
dii;'kur, ber-drg'Jcur, to snore. 

d-Tgorg', ier-d-rgorg' , to buzz, 

d'rgu or du'iigru, stupid, dull-wit- 
ted; usually bodoh. 

j^ do"a (Ar.), prayer. 

ba'clia do" a, to read or repeat 

min'ta do" a, to pray. 
ber-do"a, to pray. 
do"a-kan, to pray for. 

, , do'bi (Hind, dhobi). a washer- 



man, Cf. bnara. 

do'dol, a kind of sweetmeats, 

dok'tor (Eur.), a doctor, one 
who practises western medi- 
cine. Cf. boiho and dukun. 

dotn'ba (Pers.), a sheepi, Cf. 
kambiig and biri-biri. 
__ n'nak dom'ba, a lamb. 

a'nak dom'ba Al'lah, the Lamb 
"^ of.. God (X.). 
^do'sa (Sk.), a. crime, an offence; 
ber-do'sa, to commit an offence, 
be guilty of a crime or sin; 
dosin, aee.dusin. 
d'pa, a fathom. 


d-pan', in front of ; see hadap. 

d-ras', rapid, swift. Cf. laju,. 
pantas, Ucas and bargat. 

d-ri'ta, mn-d-ri'ta (Sk.), to with- 
stand, bear, endure; Cf.. 
ti-a'da ter-d-ri'ta, unendurable,, 

d-ru', mn-d-m', to roar (as the' 
noise of waves or voices). 

d-rum', mn-d-rum' , to kneel (of 
elephants and camels). 
d-rum'kan, to cause to kneel. 

ds'tar (Pers.), turban, head- 

u'a, two. (For the usual de- 
rived forms see nmpai). Cf.. 
pasarg and ganda. 

du-a-du'a, both. 

du'a ka'Ii, twice. 

du'a la' pis, double (as cloth). 

du'a-ti'ga, two or three. 

ber-du'a and ber-du-a-du'a. in' 

du'a-kan, to make two. 

pn-du'a, second, duplicate. 

u'dok, to sit down, sit, remain,. 

du'dok ber-si'la, to sit with legs- 

crossed like a tailor. 
du'dok d'rgan, to be married to.. 
si'la du'dok, please be seated. 
du'do-ki, to sit on, inhabit. 
du'dok-kan, to seat (a person). 
k-du'do-kan, seat, place rof 


du'ga, mn-du'ga, to find out the 

depth, sound, probe, fathom. 

ba'tu du'ga, sounding lead. Cf.. 

ta'li du'ga, lead-line. 

du'it (D.), a copper coin; in 
Singapore = i cent, in Pe- 
naig = 1 cent. 




'du'ka (Sk.), giiul', sorrow, sad- 
ness; also du-ka-clii'ta. 
ber-du'ka and ber-du-ka-chi'ta, 
to be sad, grieve. 

'du'koiig, mn-du'korg, to carry a 
person or a child, usually on 
the back or hip, sometimes in 
the arms. 

du'ku, the name of a fruit. 

-du'kun, a native doctor, midwife. 
C'f. doMor, bidan and bomo. 

ydu'\&Tg, a salver or tray, usually 
^ of wood; smaller than the 


•dulapan, see diapan. 

■ du'li (Sk.), dust; a form of ad- 
dress to kings, as dull b-gin'- 
da, du'li yarg dl-per-tu'an, 
your or his majesty ; see jun- 

!/' -dun'ia (Ar.), the inhabited 

her'ta dun'ia, worldly goods. 

('*■( dun'ia, the inhabitants of 
the earth. 

naf'su dun'ia, worldly lusts. 

per-i' da-ran dun'ia, a cycle, pe- 
riod of time. 

dun'ia a'l-Jii-rat, in this world 
and the nest, for all time. 

saTc'si dus'ta, a false witness. 
du'sun, a village; the country a» 
opposed to the town. 

eh'war, see ihwal. ~^»Sr ff/VL 
e'ja, to spell ; see heja. 
e'jek, m-rge'jek, to tease. 

ekh'las (Ar.), sincerity; sincere; 

also ikh'las. 
ek-li'si-a (Gr.), the church, the 

church universal (X.). Cf. 

perhimponan and greja. 

^e'kor (84), tail; numerical eoefi- 
ficient of animals. 
i/^ e'kor ma'ta, the corner of the 
bin'targ ber-e'hor, comet. 

i..<|"e'la (Port.), an ell, a yard. 

e'lak, m-ige'laTe, to dodge, avoid 
a blow, evade an order. 

'elmu, see 'ilmu. 

e'lok, beautiful, handsome, pleas- 
w ant, excellent. 

ih'e'lo-kan, beauty, excellence. 

e'nak (Jav.), pleasant, nice, 
agreeable to the senses; 
usually sdap. 

eif^gan, see 'nj-gan. 


du'igu, stupid; see drgu, 

du'pa (Sk.), incense. Ct starggi.'i «'«'^'' (^•)' ^"°S^^ 

e'reig, lateral, on the side. 

^^du'ri, a thorn, spine. 

du'rif Zfflw'f^ffl/i;, porcupines' quills. 

Cf. bulu landalc. 
ber-du'ri, thorny. 
du'ri-an, the name of a fruit. 

the durian. 

du'sin (Eng. and D.), dozen; 
■^ also lusin. 

dus'ta (Sk.), false, mendacious, 
untrue; (B.) jiis'ia. 

e're-igan rumah, the side of a 

bi'lel- e're-njan, a side room. 

E-ro'pah, Europe; also Airopah. 

erti, see arti. 

e'rut, twisted, crooked. 

e'sok, to-morrow; also besoJc. 
k'e'so-han lia'ri-rya, the next 

^ I' 



fa"al or fi"il (Ar.), act, deed, 
action, conduct, behaviour. 

fa-ham' (Ar.), understanding, 
knowledge ; acquainted with ; 
often pronounced p-ham'. 

m'lah fa-ham' J misunderstood. 

m-fa-hani', to be informed 
.about, know, understand. 

fa'i'dah (Ar.), profit,' advantage, 
benefit : also fa'edah. 
Ijer-fa'i'dali, useful, advanta- 

, fa'jar (Ar.), dawn. Cf. dini- 


fa'kat (Ar.), to confer, deliber- 
ate, agree; also miiafakat, 
and pdkat. 
s-fa'l-at, in agreement, in collu- 
her-fa'kat, to be in agreement. 

tfa'kir (Ar.), a religious mendi- 
cant, beggar; poor. 

'falsu, see palsu. 

fa'na (Ar.), mortal, perishable, 
transitory; as opposed to 
haka, imperishable. 

Far'si (Ar.), a Persian; also 

^ fa'sal (Ar.), chapter," section ; 
about, concerning, with re- 
gard to. 
a' pa fa'sal, why ? 

fa'sik (Ar.), immoral, depraved, 

fat'hah (Ar.), the vowel point 

corresponding to a ; see haris. 

fa'ti-hah' (Ar.), the first' chapter " 

of the Koran. 
$-dlu'li (Ar.), to trouble oneself, 

concern oneself, care aboiit; 

usually pronounced p-du'Ji. 

f-dlu'U-kan, to care for, take 
trouble about. 

fer'dlu (Ar. apportioned), re- 
ligious duty; usually pro- 
nounced per'lu, q.v. 

f eriiggi, see frirggi. 

fham, see faliam. 

fihak, see pihaJc. 

fi'il, see fa'al. 

xfi'kir, ber-fi'Jcir (Ar.), to think, 
ponder, meditate. 
fifkir-kan, to refiect upon, 
fi'ki-ran, thoughts, ideas, opin- 

fi-ra'sat (Ar.), the art of phy- 
siognomy; also 'il'mu fi-ra'- 
sat. . . ■ 

fir'daus (Ar.), Paradise^ the 
Garden of Eden. 

fir'man (Ar.), decree, command 
of God or of a sultan. 
b- fir' man, to decree, command,, 
say (of God or a sultan). 

fit'nah (Ar.), calumny, slander. 
fit'nah-kan, to calumniate. 

f-riig'gi (Ar.), European. 


ga'dai, pawn, mortgage. 

pa'jak ga'dai, pawnbroker's 

farm or monopoly. 
t'hus ga'dai, to redeem a 

pledge, take out of pawn. 
ga'dai-kan, to mortgage, pawn. 
ga'diiig, elephant's tusk; ivory; 
also the ribs of a boat. 

,. ga'doli, disturbance, uproarv ,/ 
noise; also per-ga' do-han. -^ 

ga'gah, strong, powerful; force, 
strength. Cf. kuat. 
fja'ga-lii, to compel, force. Cf. 



ga'gak, a ci'ow, raven. 

ga'gap, io stammer, stutter. 

gah', fame, renown, glory; also 
mgah, q.v. 

ga-ha'ru or g-ha'ru, aloeswood. 

Cf. alirat. 

/" ga'jah (Sk. ). an elephant. 
■^ ber-ma'in (ja'jah = ber-ma'in 

cha'iur, to play chess; see 

ga'ji (Eur.), wacfes, salary. Cf. 
/^ tipah. 

o'raiy ga'ji, a hired man, ser- 
ma'l'an ga'ji, to receive wages 
or a salary. 

ga-la-ga'la, pitch used for caulk- 
ing boats. 

ga'lah, a long thin pole such as 
is used on native boats for 
poling or mooring them. 

ga'lak, fierce, savage. 

ga'lak-l-aii, to stir up (as flame 
or passion), excite. 
ga'laiii:, mrtj-ga'larg, to prop up, 
shore up; also halarg. 

ga'li, mrg-ga'U. to m^. 
l/^ prg-ga'U, spade; pick-axe. 

ga'li-an, a mine, also l--li'an. 
ga'mak, nng-r/a'malc, to draw a 
dagger or sword partly out 
of the sheath, so as to threat- 
en an. adversary. 

ga'mak, ga-malc-ga'mal-, at a 
guess, approximately. 

gam'baii;, a musical instrument. 

/^ gam'bar, a picture, portrait, pic- 
toral representation. 
tn'lU grini'har, to draw a pic- 

gam'bir, the name of a plant, 

ga'mis (Ar. qamis), shirt, vest. 

ga'm-lan (Jav.), a Javanese- 

gam'paig (Jav.), easy; iisually 
siiaiy or inudah. 
a'naJc gam'parg, illegitimate- 
ga'nas, fierce, ferocious, violent- 
gan'chu, a hook. 

gan'da, fold, in the expressions-: 
^s-pu'Ioh gan'da, ten-fold. 
^ s-ra'-tvs gan'da, a hundred- 
$-ka'li gan'da, or qan'da, two- 
du'a Ica'U gan'da, twice as much. 

her-gan'da-gan'da, manifold. 
gan'dom (Pers.). wlicat; aisrt- 

gatg'gang:, ber-garg'ga.iy, to warnt 
oneself at a fire. Cf. dian/. 
mig-gaig'garg. to warm or dry 
over a fire. 

gaitg;'gu, impatient, importunate,, 
interfering, meddlesome; to- 
be in a hurry. 

gan'ja, the Indian hemp, from 
v.hich an intoxicating drug 
is made. 

gan'jal, a wedge or " liner " in- 
serted in frames or bearings 
to tighten them up; the' 
spaces used with type to- 
separate the words. 

■gan'jil, odd, uneven (of nnm 
bers). Cf. gnap. even. 

gan'targ, a measure of capacity 

(see end of Grammar). J-jf-'" 

/ gan'ti, substitute, successor; in' 

place of, instead of. 

hcr-gnii-ti-gnn'fi. in turn, sue 

cessively. Cf. giJir. 

r*aJkariA UaA-'.Y^nla K o»^ -^^ •"• " *'' 



gan'ti-Jcarij to succeed, take the 
place of a person. 

t/~ gan'tang;, her-gan'toxj, to hang, 
suspend; to rely upon. 
. gan'tory-ltan, to hang up. 

ga'iyut, hard, not mealy after 
cooking (of bad potatoes). 

ga'ram, salt. 

tin.' pat ga'ram, salt cellar. 

ga'ra-mi, to salt, cure. 

l,.^ ga ris, 

ga'rai^, fierce, savage, furious 
Cf. ganas. 

ga'rau, loud, deep, hoarse (of 
sounds) . 

gar'fu (Port.), a fork. 

gar'ham, see gerliam. 

ga'ring, a basket slung on the 

a scratch, score, 
incised mark = goris. 
mrg-cia'ris, to score, make a 

^/^ ga'rok, mnj-ga'roh, to scratch, 
prg-ga'rok, scraper, rake, curry- 

ga'rut, a scratch. Cf. garis. 

ga'sak, mrg-ga'mk, to , beiatj 
strike with a stick. Cf. 

ga'siig, a child's top. 

ma'in ga'sirg, to play tops. 

ga'tal, itchy, itching; the itch; 
also lascivious. 

ga'yoig, a ladle made out of a 
coco-nut shell. Cf. chehok, 
which has no handle. 

g-doii;', storehouse, barn. Cf. 

ge'lek, mtg-ge'lek, to roll with a 
roller or rolling pin; to be 

run over by the wheels of a, 
carriage. Cf. gilinj. 
ge'leig, mrg-gc'hnj, to shake the 

ger'baig, the gate of a- fortress, 
town or castle; also pin'tu 

ger'baig, mrg-ger'harg, to let 
down the hair in disorder. 
£_J^ge'rek, mrg-ge'reh, to bore, drill. 


prg-ge'reh, a drill. 

^ger-ga'ji (Sk.), saw. 

ger-ga'sl, a fabulous race of 

ger'ham, a double tooth, molar; 
cf. gigi. 
tulaig ger'ham, jaw bone. 

gerhana, see grahana. 

groove,'^" ger'sek, coarse sand, gravel. 
Also kersek. 

ger'tak, mrg-ger'iak, to stamp, 
strike with the feet (as a 
person urging on a horse), 
strike weapons together in 
order to intimidate ; hence to 
ger'fak gi'gi, to grind the teeth. 
Also kertak gigi. 

ge'sek, img-ge'sek, to rub, cause 
friction (usually of rough 
things). Cf. gcxel, gesiv '?iT\^ 

ge'sek M-o'la, to play the fiddle. 

prg-ge'sek, the fiddle bow. 

ge'sel, mrg-ge'sel, to rub to- 

ge'sir, mrg-ge'sir, to rub between 
the palms of the hands. 

g-gak', in the phrase : 

g-gak' gm-pi'ta, a loud con* 
fused noise. 
g-gap' = ggah, q.y. ._ 

^A^<a/a l:^'^) 




b/^ g-gat', a bookworm; the larva of 
the moth which destroys 
gha"ib (Ar.), to disappear, va- 

j/ nish. 

g-ha'ra, a'wafc g-ha'ra, legitimate 
children. QeH/Vf?A 

gha'rib (Ar.), foreign, strange. 

g-ha'ru, aloes-wood. 

gi', ghee, clarified beef fat, used 

by natives of India; also mi- 

njak sapi. 

v-^ gi'gi. a tooth. Cf. gerham. 
gi'gi a'su, canine teeth. 
gi'gi s-ri', the front teeth. 
cha'bot gi'gi, to draw a tooth 
clmrg'kil gi'gi, tooth-pick. 

gi'git, mrg-gi'git, to bite. 

gi'la, mad, insane, idiotic, 
u-' gi'la ba'bi, epilepsy. ^ 

j_/^ gi'laig, gi'larg-g-mi'larg, shining, 
glittering. Cf. Icilat. 

y gi'liiKt mrg-gHlirg, to roll (be- 
tween rollers as in a roller 
mill), roll up (as sails), 
grind (as with curry stone 
and roller). Cf. gdek and 
ha'tu gi'lirg, stone for grinding 
curry stuff. \y 

gi'lir (115), alternation, change, 
turn, relieving guard. 
ber-gi'lir, alternately, in suc- 
cession, in turn. Cf. ganti. 
gi'li-ran, turn, change of guard. 
|/-gin'tiig, a roofing tile = gntirg. 
g-lak', in the phrase : 

ter-ta'wa g-lak' g-lak', to laugh 
uproariously. ^ 

g-lam', the name of a tree, the 
bark of which is used for 
caulking boats. 
g-laig', bracelet, anklet. 

g-larg' ka'ki, anklets. 
g-lary' ta'rgan, bracelets. 

C-J-g-Iap', dark, obscure. Cf. Mam. 
g-lap' gu-li'ta, pitch dark. 

> bu'lan g-lap', the time when 

the moon- is invisible. 
■^ ma-ta-ma'ta g-lap', detective. 

g-lar', mrg-g-lar', to confer a 
title or surname. 

ber-g-Iar', having a title or sur- 

g-la'ran, surname, title. 

,_^g-Fas' (Eur.), drinking glass. 

g-l-gar', floor joists. 

g-li', ticklish, excitable, unable to 
control oneself. 


g-lin'cliir, mrg-g-lin'chir, to slip, 

glitar, see gltar. 

-g-Io'joh, greedy, gluttonous. 

g-lok', a vessel for water with a 
narrow neck. • 

g-lo'rah (Ar.), stormy, troubled. 

g-lom'baig, large waves, break- 
ers. Cf. ombak and alun, 

g-I'tar, mrg-g-l'tar, to tremble. 
Cf. gmntar. 

g-lu'matg, mrg-g-lu'marg, to 
wallow in mud; smeared 
wibh mud. Cf. lumor and 

g-mal', a bundle of sticks, sheaf 
of grain. 

g-ma'la, mythical jewels sup- 
posed to have magic proper- 
ties. Also kmala. 

g-mar', pleased, glad, joyful; 


ber-g-mar' , to rejoice. 

k-g-ma'ran, that which gives 
pleasure; enjoyment, rejoic- 


" r,.(ll.-, 



gm-ba'la, shepherd ; see gomhala. \-SA'tirg, a roofing tile. 
Sm-be'ra, excited, excitement. ^ a'tap gn'tirg, a tile roof. 
Smllaig, see gilarg. goa' (B.) (Chin.) (10), I, me. 

L>^ go'a and go'ha, a cave. * ' ' 

gmntar, see gntar. 

gm'pa, shaking, quaking, especi- 
ally of earthquakes. 
gm'pa iu'mi, earthquake. 
gm'par, tumult, uproar, riot. 

gm-pi'ta (Sk.) 

(of noises) : usually in the 
phrase : 
g-gap' gm-pi'ta or g-gnk' gm- 
pi'ta, a loud confused noise. 
, /^ g-mok', fat, corpulent, stout; 
^ fertile (of soil). Cf. tam- 

g-m-rn'cheig, clattering, ciank- 
^ ing. 

gmtar, see gtar. 
gmuroh, see guroh. 

g-nap', dompiete, entire, consum- 
mated, even (of numbers). 
Cf. ganjil, odd. 

(__ --' s-g-nap', the whole, all. 

^ s-g-nap' dun'ia, the whole 
s-g-nap' lia'ri, the whole day. 
s-ri'bu g^nap', exactly a thou- 
g-na'pi, to complete, accom- 
plish, consummate. 
gn'dang;, a long .cylindrical shap- 
ed drum; also gndrarg. 
gn'd-raqg;, a large drum; see gn- 

gig'gam, the closed hand, fist. 
s-grg'gam, a handful. 
grg'garman, the grasp. 

gn'ta (Sk.), a bell;. usually lo- 

gn'tar and g-mn'tar, to tremble, 

especially with fear; also 

g'tar and g-im'tar. 

go'choh, mrg-go'clioh, to strike 

^1 with the fist. Cf. tuniboTc. 

be'r-go'choh, fighting with the 
• • fists, boxing. ' ' -'-i 

loud, roaring go'lek, Ser-^'o'Zeil', to turn or roll 


1/ backwards and forwards (as 
a fowl on a spit, or a bbat 
rolling) . Cf . gtdirg, gilirg 
and geleh. 
go'leh-lcan, to roll or turn any- 
thing backwards and for- 

go'lok (Penang), a chopping 
knife = pararg. 

gom-ba'la (Sk.), a shepherd, 
herdsman; a pastor (X.). 

gom-ba'la a'yam, one who tends 
poultry. . 

gom-ba'la-han, to herd, tend 

gon'chaigj mrg-gon'charg, -lean, 
\y^ to shake 
ber-gon' charg , trembling, shak- 
ing (intrans.). ' 

gon'dah, uneasy, anxious. 
pa'sarg gon'dafi, neap tide. 

gon'dok, goitre. 

gondol, bald, bare-headed, bare 
of leaves (of trees), bare of 
vegetation (as hills). Cf. 

Igoig', a gong. 

goig'gon?, mrg-gorg'gorg, to 
i^ carry in the mouth (as a 
goni, see guni. 

with more or 
or violence, 




go'poh, haste, Iiuitv ; hasty.; Cf. 
haigat. [ 

go-poh-go'poh, liastily. 

^__^^ go'riig, to fry in fat, broil, grill. 
Cf. rndarg. 

go'ris, a scratch, score, groove ; 
incised mark = garis. 

^/- go'sok, iing-go'soh (86), to rub" 
with the idea of cleaning or 
polishing. Cf. gesek. 

^^/-^go'yaig, bei-go'i/aig. to shake, 
swing to and fro as the 
branches of a tree, oscillate. 
Cf. gonchaig. 
go'yayg-kan and mig-go'yaig, to 
shake (trans.), agitate.' 

.g-ra-ha'na (Sk.), eclipse; also 

g-rak', ber-g-rak', to move, stir 
(lilt inns.). 

icr-g-rak' , moved. 

ier-g-iak' ha'ti-tya, his heart 
was moved. 

g-mVl-an, to move, put in mo- 

g-ral/kan k-pa'la, to nod the 
head. Cf. gelenj. 

g-ram', anger: angry. Cf. ma- 
■ rah and gumr. 

g-ra'fgan, pray, prithee (in ques- 
tions). Cf. lira-iya. ' 

g-re'ba (Ar. qirbat), water-skin. 

]j^ g-re'ja (Port.), a church build- 

g-riig', ill. sick (court langu- 
age). Ci'. mlil. 

g-ri'sek, mrg-g-risck, to make a 
rustling or crackling noise 
(as silk or tinsel), 

g-ru'da (Sk.), a fabulous bird; 
also gurda. 

g'ta (Sk.), couch, sofa, bed. ' 


g'tah, the gum which exudes 
from trees, birdliine, rubber. 
g'tah per'cha, gutta percha. 
g'tah kain-bo'ja, gamboge. 

g'tar, to tremble; usually gn'tar 
or g-nin'tnr, sometiilies g- 

gu'ber-nur (Eur.), governor; 

also pnirentah. 
gu'daig, a warehouse, store, 

shop. Cf. gdorg. 

gu'gur, to fall (of small light 
^ things) ; also sometimes with 
the idea of a premature, ox 
unnatural fall, as of falling 
stars, fruit falling from a 
tree, hair from the head, a 
premature birtii, etc. Cf. 

gu'gur a'nak-nja, to ihiscarry. 

gu'gur-kan, to cause to fall in 
the manner described above. 

gu'la (Sk.), sugar. Cf. tbu. 
gu'la ba'tu, sugar candy.' 
gu'la hi' tarn, biovfn sugar. 
gu'la M-la'ka, sugar made 
from the coco-nut tree; 
sometimes gu'la hi'tam. 
^^^ gu'la pa' sir, gi-anulated or 
moist sugar. 
.gu'lai, curry.' Cf. taiik. 
gu-Ji'ga (Sk.), the bezoar stone. 

gu'liig, ber-gu'lirg, to roll ; usual- 
ly to roll along as a wheel ; 
to roll oneself on the ground. 
Cf. goleh, gilirg and geleh. 
mig-gu'liiy and gu'Urg-kan, to 
roll anything along. 

gu-li'ta, dark ; usually g-lap' gu- 
li'ta, pitch dark. ■ 

gil'loig, mrg-gu'lorg, to roll up 
j/^ ■ (as a 'mat, I -sail, sheets of 
pauer, etc.) ; a roll made in 
this way. Cf. gilirg. 







-Sa'mol, hcr-ijii'mol, to wrestle. 
Of. (jmli. '^.^ t' V'^jJ^ 
:S;um'pal, a clod, lump (as in 
dough), clot of .blood. Of. 
her-gum'pal, clotted, lumpy; 
(B.) to wrestle (cor. of 
:gu'na (Sk.), use, utility ; magic. 
a' pa gu'nn? what is the use? 
o'hat gii'na. a charm. 
^ ber-gu'na, useful. 

gu'na-livii, to use, make use of. 
^un'dek, concubine. 
:gundol, see gondol. 
.-gu'ni (HJnd.), a sack made of 
jute. Cf. harorg. 
l-a'in gu'ni, sack cloth. Cf. 
had id. 

■3;u'norg;, a mountain. 

gu'noig' ber-a'pi, a volcano. 
ka'l'i gu'noig, the foot of a 

l--iiiHii'(hah gu'noig, the top of 
a mountain. 

rgun'tiiig;, scissors, shears. 

iiiig-guii'tiig and gun'tiig-l-an, 
to cut with scissors, shear. 

:Xun'tor, thunder; usually guroli. 

igu'rau, bei^gu'rau, to jest. Cf. 
xiiidir ,and jnulcn. 

:gurda, see gruda. 

:gu-rin'dam (Tam.), rhyming 

.-jju'roh, thunder, also similfir 
loud noises. Cf. guntor. 
g-mu'roli, thundering, like 

Su'rii (Sk.), a teacher, school- 
master, clergyman (X.-). 
Cf. /jigajar, iiiidila and 
bev-gu'ni h-pa'dOj to have as 

ohe's teacher, learn from. 
gus', in the phrase : 

s-ka'li gus', all at once; all at 
the same time. 
gu'sar, angry; to be angry. Cf. 
marah and gram, 
gu'sa-ri, to be angry at or with. 
gu'si, the gums. 

gus'ti (Pers.), her-gus'ti, to 

wrestle. Cf. giuiioi. 
gus'ti (Jav.), lord. 


ha'bis ("to, 76), finished, com- 

rT^ pleted, exhausted, 6xtinct; 

utterly, entirely, completely; 

also in this sense s-lidi%s- 

liahi'i. Cf. sudah and jlas. 

ha'bis. bi-na'sa, entirely des- 

h-liini' ha'bi-s, not yet iinished. 

sn'd'ih lui'bi.<i, finished. 

lia'bis-hui, to finish, complete, 
terminate. , 

pig-iia'bi-san, the end, termin- 

hab'lur (Pers.), crystal. 

^ha'bok, dust. Cf. Ihu and db'u. 

Hab'shi (Ar.), Abj'ssinian, 

ha'bu, ashes; see abu. 

had' (Ar.), limit, boundary ;, un- 
til. Cf. smpadan and preirj- 

ha'dap, vriy-ha'dap, -i, to face, 
r stand liiiforo or in the pre- 

sence of, interview a person. 
ha'dnp-lwi, to bring or place 

before a ])erson, introduce. 
Jia'da-pan and di lia'da-pan. be- 
fore, in front of, in presence 
of ; contracted to d-pan' (B.) . 



6a'ns di ha'da-pan or ba'ris d- 
pan', the vowel sign corres- 
ponding to and a; see haiis. 
ha'di-ah (Ar.), presented, ofEer- 
"^ ed : a gift, present. Vt. pin- 

brian and aimgrali. 
ha'dith or ha'dis (Ar.), the Mo- 
hammedan traditions. 
ha'dlir or ha'lir (Ar.), present, 
' ■ arrived; prepared, ready. 
ha' dlir-l-an , to bring or place 
before a person, introduce = 
ha'dl-rat (Ar.), presence; lord- 
ship, majesty. 
hafati (Ar.), to learn by heart. 

Also hapal. 
hai' (132), an interjection; oh! 
hai'bat or he'bat (Ar.), dread, 
awe; terrible, awe-inspiring. 
C'f. dahshat. 
hai'ran or he'ran (Ar.) (148), 
\. astonished; to wonder; won- 

derful. Cf. 'aja'ih. 
i/'ha'jat (Ar.), need, necessity; the 
wants of nature. 
her-ha'jat, needing, requiring; 
to require. 
Z' ha'ji (Ar.), a pilgrim, one who 
has made the pilgrimage to 
na'ik ha'ji, to perform the pil- 
grimage, become a haji. 
hajrat, see hijrat. 
hak' (Ar.), truth, right; due, 
claim ; just, true. Cf . bnar. 
am'bil hah' o'rarg la'in, to 

usurp another's rights. 
ii-a'da'd'rgan Iml'-iya, unjustly. 
^ ha'kim (Ar.), a judge. 

hal' (Ar.), state, condition, cir- 
/ cumstance. 

]ial' ih'u-al. circumstances and 

de'ri-haV, about, concerning. 
ha' la, direction, course. ^^Wc; 

ha'lal (Ar.), lawful, Ifegitifn'ate, 

allowable; as opposed to ha- 

ram, unlawful. 
ha' I al -l-a n, ' io permit, declare' 

halaman, see hlaman. 
ha'Iau, mrg-ha'lau, -lean, to drive 

ha'li-a, ginger. 
ha-li-lin'tar, a stroke of liglit- 

ning, thunderbolt ; also hala- 

ha-li'pan or li'pan, a large- 
centipede; see hit pan. 
haluan, see hlvan. 
ha'lus, fine, thin, delicate, refin- 
^ ed. Cf. nims and tipis. 
hal'wa (Ar.), sweets, pastry- 


ham'ba, slave ; used as a pronoun 
of the 1st person in address- 
ing superiors. Cf. sahya. 

ham'ba Al'lah, a poor wveteh. 

ham'ba ra'ja, a king's servants 
or retainers. 

tu'an ham'ba, sir; used as » 
pronoun of the 2nd person ii» 
addressing superiors.'"'' " 

per-ham'ba-kan, to enslave. 

per-ham'ba-lcan di'ri, to submit 

per-ham'ba'an, slaverj', servi- 
ham'bat, imy-ham'bat, to pur- 
sue, chase. Cf. kjar and^ 

ham'bat ha'ti o'rarg, to seek to 
win people's affections. 
ham'bur, mrg-ham'bur, -kan, to< 
scatter (as rice, pearls, 
money, etc., at festivals »vA 
ceremonies). Cf. tabiir. 





ha'mil (Ar.), pregnant. Cf 

hampa, see hmpa. 
am'par, mrg-ham' par, -i, -kan. 
to spread out (as mats, car- 
pets, grain, etc.). Cf. hn- 
Jiam'pa-ran, a carpet. 
ham'pa-ran ha'tu, pavement. 

ham'pas, refuse, residue. 

ham'pas sa'gu, sago refuse. 
ham'pir, mrg-liam' pir , near, 
nearly, almost; to approach, 
draw near. Cf. dhai. 
liam'pi-ri, to draw near to, ap- 
proach a thing. 

Iiam'zah (Ar.), an orthographi- 
cal sign, used to introduce a 
syllable commencing with a 

han'chur, mrg-lian'cliur, -lean, to 
crush, reduce to powder, dis- 
solve in liquids, decompose; 
also metaphorically of the 
heart. Cf. rmok. 

han'dai, companion, comrade, 
friend. Cf. taulan, sahabat 
and kawan. 
han'dai tau'lan, friends iand 

handak, see hndak. 

haig' (Penang), thou, you ^arg- 

ha'i^at, hot (fire heat) ; also of 
anger. Cf. panas. 
ha'rgat-kan, to heat. 

ha'iig;us, to burn, be burnt, con- 
sumed or scorched. Cf. ba- 
kar, which means to apply 
heat to, without necessaril,^ 
consuming, as in heating 
Iia'rgus-kan, to burn up, con- 



hantam, see hntam. 

an'tar, mrg-lian'tar, -kan, to. 
convey, escort; also to send 
in charge of another. Cf.. 
bawa, irirg and kirim. 

ier-lian' tar, Isii^ down, stretch- 
ed out on a bed or on the 
ground, as a sick or sleeping- 
person or a corpse. 
han'tu, a ghost; evil spirits sup- 
posed to haunt certain pla- 
ces. Cf. jin and 'ifrit. 

bu'roig hantu, the owl. 

ja'ri han'tu, the middle finger.. 

ha'iya, only, merely, except, but> 
Cf. chuma, mlainkan and sa- 

ha'iyir, a fishy smell ; fetid, ran- 

ha'iyut, her-ha'ryut, to drift,, 
float on the water. 
o'rarg ha'ryut, a vagabond. 

hapal, see hafatl. 

ha'pus, mrg-ha'pus, to obliterate,. 

efface, rub out, wash out. 
hara, see huru-hara. 
ha'ram ;(.Ai'.), forbidden, prohi- 
bited, unlawful; sacred, hal- 
lowed. Cf. halal. 
ha'ram-lan, to prohibit, de- 
clare illegal. 
ha'rap (148), hope, trust, con- 
fidence; to hope, trust. 
ha'rap-kan, to trust in, rely 

k-ha'ra-pan, disappointed. 

har'dek, mig-har'dek, to reprove, 
scold. Cf. trgkirg. 

ha'ri (Sic), day of 34 hours. Cf. 

. ha'ri b-sar', festival, holiday. 
ha'ri bu'Ian, date. 
ha'ri hu'jan, a rainy day or 
^ rainy' weather. 




/("'/■/ lii-a'mat, the day of judg- 
/((/'/■/ va'iin. festival. 
^^ di-iH-ha'ri, early dawn. 

r'sok lia'ri, tomorrow. 
^^ i'lii hn'ri, today. 
v^ iiin-ta-ha'ri, the sun. 

ji'i'gi hn'n= pa'gi, movning. 
p-tatrj' hn'ri = p-ia If/', after- 
<- — •■•■■-liii-ii-hn'ii. daily, every day. 

.•i-lia-ii-lui'ri-an, all day long. 
-■^ s-pnii'jaig ha'ri, all day long. 
. — - f'Kjah ha'ri, midday. 

ha'ri n'had, or hn'ri mirg'go, 

lin' ri is' II in, or ha'ri sa'tii, Mon- 
hn'ri y-ln'xa, or ha'ri clu'a, 

ha'ri r'hu, or ha'ri ii'ga, Wed- 
ha'ri l-ha'mis, or ha'ri 'm'pat, 

ha'ri j'mn-'at', or ha'ri Vi ma, 

hn'ri xfib'tit, or ha'ri a-nain' , 
lia-ri'mau or h-ri'mau, a tiger. 
hn-ri'niau a'lnr, a large wild 

hii-ri'iriaii da'han, tree leopard. 

^ ha'rom, fragrant, sweet-smell- 
ing; a sweet smell. Cf. 

ha'ru, lurg-ha'rii, to stir, disturb, 
agitate, trouble; especially 
of demoniacal possession. 
ha-ru-bi'ni, confusion, disorder. 

\^- ha'rus, necessary, obligatory, 
proper; it behoves, ought, 
should. Cf. patut. 

ha'rus, stream, current, the 
movi'iuent of water. 

ha'sil (Ar.), outcome, product, 


profits, revenue; to 'havd ia. 
result or outcome. 
hn'dl-l-ati, to produce, achieve, 

has'ta (Sk.), a cubit. 
ha'ta (133), a punctuation word. 
ha'ti, the liver; the heart as the 
'/ seat of the passions (the 
organ which circulates the 
blood is jantorg) ; fig., tlfe 
centre of things. 
^ — ha'ti b-sar', proud. 
r^ ha'ti pa'nas, hot temper. 
^ ha'ti pu'teh, a clear conscience. 
ain'bil ha'ti, to win the affec- 
a-igan-a'rgan ha'ti, conscience 

h-ri' ha'ti, to 



encourage, in- 

hn'ah ha'ti-ku, juy treasure, a 
term of endearment. ■- sf 

d'igan s-bu-lat-bu'lat ha'ti, with 
one's whole heart. 

hu'hi ha'ti, the pit of the stom- 
^ i' ri ha'ti, spite, malevolence. ,et 

k-rhil' ha'ti, spiteful; having a 
grudge against a person, 
y/-- ]e-ras' ha'ti, hard hearted. 
.-nia'ta ha'ti, spiritual percep- 
tion. ,,., . 

pa'uas ha'ti, angiy. 

-fn'Ji'it ha'ti. offended, angry 
with a person. 

fin'mit ha'ti, sad, troubled. 

-tn'irar ha'ti, discouraged. 

per-ha'ii-li-an, to take to heart, 
pay attention to, examine 
closely. ,■' 

ha'us, thirst : thirsty : worn out 
by friction or rust (of me- 
tals). Cf. dhaga and hiirol-. 

ha'wa (Ar.), air, atmosphere, 

climate. Cf. vdara. 





iia'wa (Ai'.), love, jmssion, de- 
sire; usually hiahi. 
lia'ica naf'su, carnal desires. 

^Jia'yat (Ar.), life, vitality, the 
vital spark. C'i'. Iiidop. 
fi-la'gi a'da liaij'at, while I yet 

hcr-ha'yat, having life. 
Jie' (132), an interjection; oh! 
hebat, see haibat. 
.he'ja (Ar. ), mrg-lie'ja, spelling, 
orthography; to spell; also 
lie'la, miy-hr.'la, -kan, to drag, 

draw. C'f. tarek and seret. 
3ie'lak, mty-he'lal; to dodge, 
evade; also elak. 
hc'lal'-l-an, to ward off, parry. 
}iemat, see him mat. 
hen'ti or hn'ti, chiefly found in 
its derivatives : 
ber-lien'ti, to stop, stay, cease, 

rest; (B. ) breiifi anA niti. 
li-a'da ber-ltai'd, incessantly. 
ber-lten'ti-l-an I'lali, to' rest 
after fatigue. 
^/^ jirr-lien'ti-an, rest, 



Tierdek, see liardek. oj'bi 

.her'ga (Sk.), value, price. 
y^ hfir'ga mn'ti, fixed price. 
^_^li,er'ga mu'rah, a low price. 
^y-b-m' pa lier'ga? wliat price? 
^..^ta'roli lier'ga, to fix the price. 
her-her'ga or b-her'ga, valuable. 

Yier'ta (Sk.), property, goodsi 
licr'ia bn'da, valuables, goods 

and chattels. 
hrr'ta diin'ia, worldly goods. 

Iii'as, hrr-hi'as, ornamented, de- 
corated: (B.) brins and rias. 
mig-hhos and hi'a-si, to adhrh, 
ornament, deCOrate, fit ^ut, 

per-hi'a-san, ornamentation, at- 
tire, trappings. 
hi'bur, mrg-hi'bur, -kan, to com- 
i/ fort, console. , 

prg-hi'bur, a person or thing 
which gives consolation or 
solace; the Comforter (X.). 
pig-hi'bu-nui, comfort, consol- 
hi'daiig, mrg-hi'darg, to serve 
\^ food. 

hinhi'igaii. courses (at a meal). 

ma'kan s-hi-da'njan, to eat of 

the same course, eat together. 

hi'doiig;, nose, snout. C'f. mnn- 

• /' chorg. 

y. ba'tanj hi'dorg, the blidge of 

the nose. 
/■ Jo'barg lii'dorg, nostrils. 
hi'dop, alive, living: fresh, a^ 
^^''' opposed to dried, preserv'dcl 
or canned; to live, have life. 
Cf. hagat. 
^ hi'dop pii'la, restored to life. 
d'rgaii hi dop-iya, alive. 
, ikan hi dop, fresh fish; as op- 
posed to iknn kriig, dried 
\y^a'gi hi'dop, still alive. "''^ 

^^ s-u'mor hi'dop, all' one's life. 
su'su hi'dop, fresh milk as op- 
posed to tinned milk. 
hi'do-pi and hi'dop-kan, to pre- 
serve a person's life, restore 

k-hi' do-pan, tneans of liveli- 
J^i'jau, green. 

hij'rat (Ar.) (166), the Hegiia, 
the Mohammedan era. Ali^o 
ha] rat. 
hi-ka'y^t (Ar.), narrative, story, 
^ history. Cf. chertra. Kl-■6^^. 

hik'mat (-^r.), wisdom, know- 
ledge, science, medicine ; 




supernatural power, 

to be lost, disap- 


hi'laiig;, lost; 

pear, die. 
hi'larg-Tcan, to cause to disaj)- 

pear; obliterate, destroy. 
Ic-M-la'rgan (128), having in- 

curred loss, deprived _ of, hin'tai, mrg-Mn'iai, -lean, to spjv 
bereft of; as orarg h-hi-la-Y^ ^^^^ „^ . a^^ .■^t„; 





rgan pt'smi, a man who lias 
lost his knife. 

hi'lir, mrg-hi'lir, the lower 
reaches of a river; to go 
down stream, descend a river ; 
as opposed to mudek, to gb 
up stream. Cf. hulu. 

him'mat or he'mat (Ar.), pur- 
pose, intention ; diligence, 
care; aspiration. 

hitn'pon, ber-him'pon, to assem- 
ble, gather together. Cf. 
humpol and Icrumun. 
Mm'pon-han, to bring together, 

collect, cause to assemble. 
per-liim'po-nan, an assemblage, 
assembly, congregation, 
church in a local sense (X.). 

'na (Sk.), low, base, mean," 

despicable; lowly. 
hi'na di'na, the poor and lowly, 

the common people. 
hi'na-Mn, to despise, disdain, 

hi'na-lcan di'ri, to abase or 

humiliate oneself. 
h-lii'na'an, degradation, igno- 
hinai, see inai. 
Hin'di, usually nerfri Hin'dl, 

India, Hindustan. 
Hin'du, o'rani Hin'du, a Hindu ; 

(Penang) a Tamil. 

hiig'ga, imtil, as far as; limit. 
Cf. sampai and had. 

s-hirg'ga, until, as far as, to- 
such an extent that — . 

per-hirg'ga'an, limit, boundary,, 
frontier ; contracted to p- 

hin^'gap, to alight or perch uponL 
anything, as birds or insects. 


peep at; see intai. 
hirl, see iri. 


hi'ris, mrg-ld'ris, to slice, 
^ fine, hash. 

hi'sab (Ar.), counting, calcula- 
tion; usually hitoiy. 

hi'sab-kan, to count, reckpp. 

ter-hi'sab-kan, capable of en- 

ti-a'da ter-hi' sab -Jean ba'ryah- 
rya, innumerable.^ 

hi'sap, mrg-hi'sap, to suck, draw 
•^ into the mouth or nostrils. 
hi'sap chan'du and hi'sap ma'- 

dat, to smoke opium. 
hi'sap ro'Jcolc, to smoke the 
native cigarette. 

hi'tam, black. 

hi'tam ma'nis, brown. 

hi'toig, mrg-hi'torg, -lean, io 
/ count, reckon, calculate. Cf. 

h-lai' or lai' (84), numeral co- 
efficient of thin or flat ob- 

s-h-lai' I'er'tas, a sheet of paper. 

s-h-lai' s-pirg'garg, with only 
the clothes one has on. 

ba'ju s-h-lai', one coat. 

h-la'man, courtyard in front of 
a palace or other, building. 

hiaig, see latg. 

h-li'pan or li'pan, a large cen- 



h-lu'an, the front or front part 
of anything, especially of 

lim'bus, mrg-hm'hus, to blow, 
breathe out with the mouth; 
also used of the wind. Cf. 
hrn'hus-kan, to blow away. 
^^^„^hm''bu-san, bellows. 

lim'pa, empty; empty husks of 
*^ rice. Cf. kosorg and sham, 
lim'pa ia' rgan-rya, with empty 

pa'di hm'pa or lim'pa, husks of 
rice in which the grain has 
never formed. 

hm'pas, mrg-hm'pas, -lean, to 
throw or dash down. Cf. 

hm'p-du, gall, bile. 

hn'dak, desire, wish; to wish, 
intend; an auxiliary verb ex- 
pressing the future (45). 
Cf. mau. 
^_- — hn'daTc-lah, placed before a 
verb to express the imper- 

lin'dak-Jcan, to desire a thing. 

k-hn'dak or ka-han'dak (126), 
will, desire, wish. ' 

her-ka-lian'dak, to desire, wish, 

k-hn-da'ki or ka-lian-da'ki, to 
Iin'dap, mrg-lin'dap, to crouch. 

^ Ti-niig'; clear, pure, transparent 

(of liquids and of the heart). 

Cf. jerneli. 
ihn'tatn, to throw, strike; also 

hnti, see henti. 

lin-ti'iTiun, cucumber ; see iiiwura. 
ho'bat, usually ho'ba-tan, sorcery, 

magic. Cf. obat. 

o'rarg ho'ba-tan, a sorcerer. 
Ho-lan'da, Dutch; usually Blan- 

ho'nar, disgrace, insult. 
hor-lo'ji (Port, and D.), a clock, 
^ watch; usually jam. 

hor'mat (Ar.), reverence, res- 
'^ pect. 

b-.ri' hor'mat, to pay respect, to 

hor-ma'ti, to honour, respect. 
hrimau, see harimau. 
hsta, see hasta. 

hu'a (Ar.), he; used in the Lei- 
dekker version of the Bible 
as a translation of Jehovah. 
hu-ba'ya, entirely. 

hu-ba'ya-hit-ba'ya, above all 

hu'boig, ber-hu'boiy, united, 
'^ joined; the union of fami- 
lies, villages, etc., as well as 
of tangible things. Cf. sam- 
mrg-hu'borg and hu'borg-kan, 

to join, unite. 
hu'bo-rgan, lengthening piece, 
hyphen ; sequel of a book. 

hu'daiig; or u'daiig;, prawn, 

'^ shrimp. 
,^ hu'darg ga'lah, lobster. 
^ hu'rorg ra'ja hu'darg, the king- 

hu'jan, rain. 

hu'jan l-baf, heavy rain. 
hu'jan mau tu'run, rain is com- 
"^ ing. 

hu'jan pa'nas, rain during sun- 
, h u'jan rin-tek-rin'tek, light 
rain, drizzle. 
ha'ri hu'jan, a rainy day, or 
rainy weather. 

"^ hu'jan ba'tu, hail. 



hu'ja-iii, to rain upon. 

hu'jat, mrg-ltu'jat, blasphemy', 
libel ; to speak evil of, calum- 
niate, libel, blaspheme. 

yy hu'jorg, end, extieinit\-. 

lin'joui ta'nalt, cape, point of 
land, peninsula. 
hu-ka'ma (Ar.), learned men. 

.^-hu'kum (Ar.), Judgment, sen- 
(/ tenci' ; decree, law, com- 

mand : rule, jurisdiction. 
hn' I'll ill k'lnoi. the laws of Is- 
Ini'kinii i/a)y 'n'dil, just rule. 
h-ri' Ini'kiim , to give an order. 
ja'ioli-l-an liu'l'iini . di a'ias 
o'rarg, to condemn, 
u- l''na hn'kunt, to suffer punish- 
pu'ln>t-kan hu'kuiii, to pro- 
nounce sentence. 
s-pu'loh hii'kuin ATlah. the 
Ten Commandments (X.). 
^^ liii'l-um-han, to judge, sentence, 
liu'l'U-iiKiii, punishment. 

hu'lam, uncooked vegetables 
eaten with curry. 

hulat, see ulat. \ 

hu'lor, iing-hu'lor, -hiii. to ex- 
tend, stretch out, hold out 
(as the hand) ; pay out, low- 
er away (as ropes). Of. 

^ hu'lu, the head, the upper part 
or source of a thing, the hilt 
of a sword or dagger, the 
upper reaches of a river, the 
interior of a country. Cf. 
l-pala. iidrl' and liilir. 

Ini'lii hn'ti, the pit of the-stom- 

hii'ln k-rit', the hilt of a Irif:. 

(lliv'lu or dahnlu, see dhulu. 

o'rarg hu'lu, people of the in- 

prg-liu'lu, a chieftain, headman. 

prg-hu'hi learn' porg, the head- 
man of a village. 

prg-hu'lu ka'iral, the. comman- 
der of a guard. 

prg-hu'lu rns'jid, the headman 
of a mosque. 

hu-lu-ba'ians, commander of a 
body of soldiers, officer. 

hu'ma, cultivated land, dry rice- 
flelds = ladaig ; as opposed to 
mwah, wet rice fields. Cf. 
hndarg, which is applied both 
to dry and irrigated fields. 
ber-hii'ma. to cultivate suck 

per-hu'ma'an, cultivated land^ 
the crops raised. 

hun (Chin.), an inch; also, a 
measure of weight. 

hu'nus, mrg-hu'niis, to. draw a 
weapon from its sheath, un- 
sheath; also chahot. 

htir', hiir'kan, to indulge. 
hu'ruf (Ar.), letters of the al- 
'^r. phabet. 

hu-ru-ha'ra, disorder, distur- 
bance, tumult, riot. 

hu'tan, jungle, forest, wild un- 
cultivated country. VtMu- 
kar and riinba. 
^y^ hu'tan h-lan-ta'ra, wild jungle. 

hu'fan riiii'ba, forest or pri- 
meval jungle. 

a'l/nni hu'tan, jungle fowl. 

ha'bi hu'tan, wild pig. 

o'larg hu'tan, wild men of the- 

pi'sarg hu'tan, wild banana. 

hu'tan;, debt, loan; owing, due. 
V ba'i/er hv'tatg, to pay a debt. 
h-ri' hu'tanj, to lend, Joan. 



^"^^ bGr-liu'iarg, in debt. 
pi-hu'iatrj, credit. 


i'a, he, she, it, they; also dia. 
i'a'i'tu (IT), that,, that one; 

that is to say, namely. 
i'a'i'ni (IT), this, this one. 

'i-ba'dat (Ar.), worship, adora- 
tion, piety, devotion. Cf. 

*i-ba'rat (Ar.), metaphor, figure; 

explanation, interpretation. 

Cf. hias. 

ani'bil 'i-ba'rat, to use a meta-. 

phor.. , 

^^ ib'lis (Ar.), the devil, Satan. 
Cf. shaitan. 

ib'ni, ib'nu or bin' (Ar.), son; 

usually anak. 
i'bol, a kind of palm tree. , 

*Ib-ra'ni (Ar.), Hebrew. 

^ i'bu, mother. Cf. male and in- 
i'hu a'yam, hen. 
^_^^"6M ha' pa, parents. 
^^^ i'hu ja'ri, thumb. 
^^ i'bu Ica'hi, great toe. 

s-i'hu s-ba'pa, of the same 
father and mother. 

_^ i'dah, bridal present. 

i'dam, miy-i'dam, to long for (of 
pregnant women). 

i'dap, chronic disease. 

i'dar, ber-i'dar, to revolve, go 
round in a circle. Cf. pu-wy. 

bin'tarrj ber-i'dar, a planet. 

i'dar-Jcan or per-i' dar-kan , to 
pass or send round, especially 
of food. ' ' ■ 

por-i' da-ran , revolution. 

per-i' da-ran, dun'ia, a cycle 
period of time. 

id'dah (Ar., number), the nuui- 

, ber of days or fixed time thiit 

a woman may not marrv 

after divorce Or the death of 

her husband. 

idhin, see izin. 

'if'rit (Ar.), demon, evil spirit .- 

Cf. jin and hantu. 
i'gal, m-igi'fjal, to spread tlic tail, 

as peacocks and turkoy.«. 
igama, see agama. 

i'gau, iii-igi'gau, to talk in one's 

sleep, have bad dreams. 
ih'wal (Ar.), plural of lial, q.v.- 
i'jok, the coarse fibre of the Ica-^ 
horg (sugar palm), used for 
making rope. 

i'kal, wavy (of hair). Cf. Tcre- 

i'kan, fish. 

^■i'lcan b-la'larg, flying fish. 
i'l-an k-rirg', dried fish. Cf.. 

i'kan ium-ba-lum'ba, porpoise.. 
v^ i'Tcan pa'us, whale. 
i'han to'dak, sword-fish. 
■^i'lcan yu! , shark; 
rya-iva-nja'wa i'lrin, more dead 
than alive. 
'kat, m-rgi'kat, -l-an, a bundle: 
'^^ , to tie, fasten. Cf. herkas. 
i'l-at pirg'garg, belt. 
i'hd p-ri'gi, the masonry with 

which a well is lined. 
i'kat ru'mah, to build a house- 
(of brick or masonry). 
^^ i'ka-lan, fastenings. 

ikh'las (Ar.), sincerity; sincere; 
also rklilas. 

ikh'ti-ar (Ar.), choice, decision,, 






ik'rar (Ar.), fixed/settled. Cf. 

I'kut, m-rgi'kut, to follow, imi- 
tate, obey. Cf. iurut. 
her-i-kui-i'hut, in succession. 
TIah (Ar.), God, a god. 

1-la'hi (Ar.), divine; my God. 

irham (Ar.), divine inspiration. 
il'ham-l-an, to impart divide 

"il'mu (Ar.), knowledge, scholar- 
ship, science. 

her-'il'mu, learned, scholarly. 
I'mam (Ar.), priest. 

i'mam b-sar', high priest (X.). 

ii'man (Ar.), belief, faith, creed,. 

religion ; the Mohammedan' 

ha'ira i'man, to embrace the 

faith, become a Mohara- 

'im'pit, m-rgim'pit, to press, 

squeeze. Cf. apit, than, iin- 

Tnai, henna, a red dye. v' 

1'naig, nurse; also i-narg'da 

(court language). Cf. asoh. 

In-che", a title equivalent to the 
English Mr.; also 'n-cKe" 
and che'. 

In'chi (Eng.), an inch. 

In'dah, beautiful, attractive, im- 
portant, valuable, precious; 
also in-dah-in'dah. 

in'dah-Tcan, to value, pay atten- 
tion to, care about. 
In'dok and in'doiig:, mother; 
chiefly used in the phrases: 

iii'doh ma'du, honeycomb. 

in'dok niu-ti-a'ra, mother ■ of 

in'dok su'i-ra, cocoon of the 

in'd-ra (Sk.), the name of a 
Hindu deity. 
k'in'd-ra'an, the heaven of In- 
dra. This word is often con- 
fused with kndara'an, q.v. 

i'lgar, noise, clamour. 

i'lgat, m-rgi'rgat, to remember, 
'■^ think, pay attention, heed. 
i'rgat-i'iyat, take care, be cau- 
-— - 6-n' i'rgat, to remind, caution. 
i'lyat-kan, to remind a person. 
i'fja-tan, attention, thoughts. 
Irr-i'iyat, remembered. 
per-i'rgtt'-tan, a reminder, me- 
IiK'g-ris (Eur.), English. 

i'lgin (148), to desire, covet. Cf. 
k'i'rgi-nan, desires, longings. 
Ins'lan, neg'ri iTg'lan, England. 
i'llgus, mucus from the nose. 
bii-aiy' i'lyvs, to blow one's 
i'ni (16), this, these. 

i'ni ha'ri, today. 
^^ i'ni ju'ga, this very thing ; at 
this very time, just now. 
a'ku i'ni, I (emphatic). 
s-ka'rarg i'ni, just now. 
v^ si'ni and di si'ni, here. 

in'jak, m-rgin'jak, to tread on. 
^ Cf . pijak and irek. 

in'jil (Ar.), Gospel, the New 

^ Testament. 

in'jin (Eng.), engine, maehiije. 
^ Cf. jntra and psawat. 

in'saf (Ar.), justice, equity, fair- 
ness. Cf. 'adil. 

in'san (Ar.), man, mankind; 
usually manusia. 

in'sha' Al'lah (Ar.), please Gofl, 
God willing; also insha'lhh. 



iin'tai, m-ngin'tai, -han, ti spj-, 
*f peep at, watch for, peep into ; 

also liintai. 
^ In' tan, diamond. 

i'par, brother-in-law, sister-in- 

.1'poh, the itpas tree; the poison 
made from that and other 
trees for poisoning darts. 

1-ra'dat (Ar.), the will or de- 
crees of God. 
"I'rak (Ar.), Mesopotamia. 

ii'rek, m-rgi'reh, to stamp on, 
thresh by trampling on. 
Cf. injah and pijah. 
prg-i're-han, threshing floor. 

r~ 5'ri, i'ri ha'ti, spite, malevolence. 

i'riig, m-rgi'rirg, to accompany, 

escort. Cf. hantar. 
5'riig, i'ri-rgan, side, see ererg.. 
1-ro'pah, Europe = 4iVopa/i. 
Tsa (Ar.), Jesns. 
"i'sha (Ar., evening), one of the 

lima waktu, or five periods 

of prayer; also sm-bah'yarg 
a-sha'rat (Ar.), a signal, sign. 

Cf. tanda. 
i-sha'rat-han, and l-ri' i-sha'- 

rat, to make a sign. Cf. 


„^ i'si, contents. 
^_^ i'si dun'ia, the inhabitants of 
the woTld, the whole world. 
i'si hah'win, dowry. 
^ i'si ki'tab, contents of a book. 
\ — i'si neg'ri, inhabitants of a city. 
•^ i'si p-rot', intestines. 
\_^'si ru'mah, family, household. - 
^, ievri'si, containiiig; to contain. 
Cf. muat. , • 

^^y^i'si-Mn and m-rgi'si, to fill,' 

Is-kan'ddr (Ar.), Alexander. 

Is'lam (Ar.), Mohammedan. 
a-ga'ma Is'lam, the Moham- 
■ medan religion. 
ma' sole Is'lam, to become a Mo- 

is'lam-han, to make a person a 
isnin, see ithnain. 
is-ta'na (Sk.), palace; also as- 
^ .tana. 

is-taig'gi (Sk.), incense; usually 

is-ti-'ia'dat (Ar.), custom. 
is-ti-me'wa, especially. 
is-tiqg'gar (Port.), matchlock,. , 

is^tin'ja (Ar.), ablutions after 

is't-ri (Sk.), wife (more respect- 
ful than bini). 
ber-is't-ri, to have a wife, be 

ber-is't-ri-kan, to take to wife, 
marry a woman. 
rtek, duck. 

a'yam i'telc, poultry. 

ith'nain, is'nin or s-nin' (Ar., 
second ) , Monday ; usually 
ha'ri is'nin. 

I'tu (16), that, those. 
'^ si'tu and di si'tu, there. 
i'zin (Ar. idhin), permission, 
^ leave.. 

b-ri' i'zin, to give leave or per- 
min'ta i'zin, to ask leave, o±. 

J -i^H 

ja'bat, mn-ja'bat, to touch, grasp, 
-^ lay hold of. 

■ h^r-ja'bat ta'rgan, to grasp the 
.^..^^hand or to shake hands. 





ja'di> mn-ja'di, to come into exis- 
tence, be born, become, hap- 
pen, take place, come to pass, 
be sufficient or satisfactory. 

ja'di-han, to create, cause. 

h-ja'di-an, creation, birth. 

ja-di-ja'di-an, a supernatural 

ja'ga (Sk.), to be awake, watch, 
guard, take care. Cf. ha- 
rgun, sdar and iurggu. 
ja'ga ha-ik-ba'ik, be careful. 
o'rarg ja'ga, a watchman. 

ja'goig, maize, Indian corn. 

ja-han'nam (Ar.), hell. Cf. 

ja-hat', wicked, evil, bad, vicious. 
hu'at ja-hat' , to commit forni- 
cation; also zina. 
■ ku'da ja-hat', a vicious horse. 
^^ si-ja-hat', the evil one, the 
ja-hat'kan, to defame. 
h-ja-ha'tan, wickedness. 

ja'hil (Ar.),' ignorant; usually 

hhal and bodoh. 
ja'hit, mn-ja'hit, to sew. 
Jahudi, see Yahudi. 

ja'ja, mn-ja'ja, to hawk goods for 
sale, sell on the streets, ped- 

ja'jah^ only found in its deriv- 
ative : 
ja'ja-han, district, division of 
a country. Cf. da'irah. 

Ja'kun, a hill tribe of the Malay j 

ja'la, casting net. j 

ja-Ja-ja'^a, trellis work. 
- te'bar ja'la, to throw a casting 
. net. \-f- 

mn-ja'la, to fish with a casting 






ja'lan (49), road, path, way,. 
^ method; means; to walk,, 
move forward, go on. 

ja'lan b-ha'sa, idiom. 
^^a'lan ra'ya, main road. 

ba'wa ja'lan, to lead the way. 

hu'ha ja'lan, to lay out a road.. 

di t'rgah ja'lan, in the middle- 
of the road; during a jour- 

sem'fmrg ja'lan, cross roads. 

s-pan'jarg ja'lan, all the way. 

ber-ja'lan, to walk, travel, go a 

ber-ja'lan da'rai, to go over- 

ber-ja'lan d-hu'lu, to go ahead. 

ber-ja-lan- ja'lan, to walk about. 
" ber-ja'lan ha'hi, to go on foot. 

ja'la-ni (99), to traverse. 

ja'lan-han (99), to cause to- 
walk, set in motion. 

ja'lan-Tcan in'jin, to start an: 

ja'lan-lcan Jcu'da, to walk a 

ja'lan-l-an p-her'ja'an, to ma- 
nage a business. 

per-ja'la-nan, a journey, voy- 

ja'la^g;, wild, runaway. Cf. liar.. 
^ ■ Jcer'bau jd'laty, a runaway buff- 
p-rem'pu-an ja'laiy^ a loose 

ja'lar, mn-jn'lar, to crawl, creep- 
(as snakes, etc.) ; to creep^ 
climb (as plants). Cf. ra- 

jalma, see jlma. 

ja'lur, a small canoe, a dug-out. 

Cf. sagur. 
ja'lur, stripes of different colours. 
jam' (Pers.), a clock or watch; 


^y an hour. 



ja'tnah, mn'ja'mah, to touch. 

jam'ban, a latrine. 

,^ jam'baig, a flower pot; usually 
jam-ba'rgan. Cf. pa&u. 

jatn'bu (Sk:), the generic name 
of a number of fruits. 
jam'bu bi'ji, the guava. 
jam-bu'a, the pomelo. 
jam'bul, tuft of hair or feathers. 

ja'min (^jftdj)? bail,- security. 
o'rarg ja'min, one who stands 
jam'pi (Sk.), magic formula. 
ja'mu, mn-ja'muy a guest; to 
entertain at a feast. 
per-ja'mu-an, a feast. 
jan'da, widow, widower: man or 
woman- separated from his or 
her consort. Cf. balu and 
w^ ja'igan (73), do not, lest. 

s-pa'ya ja'rgan, lest; also a' gar 

ja'rgan-han, far from, not only, 
not merely. 

J*"K'gal, awkward, unsuitable, 
badly arranged, not sound- 
ing right, discordant. Cf. 

jaii:'got, beard. 

jaig'ka, fixed quantity or mea- 

jais:'kar, rootlets hanging down, 
from the branches of banyan 
and other trees. Cf. «&.«»•; 
bcmir and tunjarg. 

Savg'kit, mn-jarg'Mt and ber- 
jarg'kii, infectious; to 
sprpad, be catching qt infec- 
tious (of a disease or con- 

^. , jflagrati^n). Cf. rayap, 

jan'ji, promise, agreement, con- 
tract. ' 



min'ta jan'ji, to request the ful- 
filment of a promise. 

o'bah-kan jan'ji, to break one'a 

sam'pai-kan jan'ji, to perform 
one's promises. 

ber-jan'ji, to promise, make an 
i^^^ per-jan'ji-an, an agreement,, 

jan'tan (87), male (usually of 
v^ animals). Cf. laki-laM. 

jan'totg. the heart . (anatomi- 

\X cally), cf. hatij also that 

which resembles the shape of 

the heart, as : 

jan'torg h-tis' , the calf of the 


, jan'torg pi'sarg, the knob at the 

end of the banana blossom. 
ja'rak, the castor oil plant. 
mi'ryali ja'rak, castor oil. 

ja'rak, interval, distance between- 
>/ two objects, a. jararg. 
ja'rak-kan, to place at inter- 

la'rarg, seldom, rare, scarce, at 
^ wide intervals, far apart. 
ja'rarg-kan, to space out, place 
at wide or wider intervals. 

ja'ri, the fingers, a measure = the- 
\>< width of a finger. 
^ ja'ri han'tu, the middle finger.' 

ja'ri ha'ki, the toes. 
w* ja'ri k'lirg'kirg, the little flu- 

. _ ger. . 
^- ja'ri ma'nis, the third fijager. 
-^ ja'ri t-lun'jok, the first finger.. 
^ i'bu ja'ri, the thumb. 

ja'riig, a- large fishing net,, a 
trammel, a net for catchiiig' 
birds or animals. 

ja'rom, a beedle. 
4^.' ja'rom chu'phok, bodkin. 

J3fyib9t' - br'rf^e. ,^jw»^ 



lo'harg ja'rom, 

the eye of a 

ja'sa (Sk.), useful service, credit 
for services rendered, merit. 

ber-bu'at ja'sa, to do meri- 
torious service. 

ter-o'leh ja'sa, to get credit for 
good work. 

ja'ti (Sk.), true, real; usually 
btul or surggoh. . 

Jca'yu ja'ti, teak. 

o'rarg M-la'yu ja'ti, *a real 

ja'toh, to fall, become bankrupt. 

For other words meaning fall 

see Grammar § 163. 
ja'toh sa'Jcit, to fall ill. 
ja'toh-kan, to let fall, drop. 
ja'toh-Tcan hu'kum di a'tas 

o'rarg, to condemn. 

Jaudi, see Yahudi. 

ja'uh, distant, far, afar; dis- 

ja-uh-ja'uh, a long way off, far 

ja'uh ma'lam, far into the 
night, late at night. 

de'H ja'uh, from afar, far off. 

ja'uh-kan, to femove to a dis- 
tance, avert. 

jau-ha'ri (Pers.), a jeweller. 

JaVa, Java; usually ia'nah Ja'- 


ja'wab (Ar.), mn-ja'wab, a re- 
ply, an answer; to answer. 
Cf. sahui. \y 

ja'wat and ja'wa-tan, office, pet, 
duty, employment. 

Ja'wi, an Arabic derivative of 

Jaiva, meaning Javanese, and 

hence Malayan. 

Ja'wi p-han' = Ja'wi per-a'na^ 

kan, of Malay blood, applied 

to persons of mixed Indian 
and Malay blood. 
hu'ruf Ja'wi, the Malay charac- 

ja'ya (Sk.), victory. 

j-bai^', a large shield. 

i-bat' (Ar.), musk, civet. 
mu'saig j-bat', the civet cat. 

jel' (Bng.), prison, gaol. Cf. 

jeram, see jram. 
jeraig, see jrarg. 
jerat, see jrat. 
jerawat, see jrawat. 

jer'jak, thin rods to which atapa 

are tied. 
jer'ki (B.) = rzki, q.v. 
jer'mal, fishing stakes. Cf. blat. 
\[xder'nian (Eng.), German, 

jer'neh, clear, transparent (of 
■\y" liquids) ; also metaphorical- 
ly, sincere, upright. Cf. 

jerok, see jroTc. 

jerumat, see jrumat. 

jerumus, see jrumus. 

j-han'nam (Ar.), hell. Cf. 

Jib'ra'il (Ar.), Gabriel. 

jijak, see jjak. 

Ji'jit, ji'jU-Jcan (B.), to tease = 

ji'ka, if, in case, supposing that, 
provided that; also jihalau 
and halau. r. 

ji-ka'lau (141-144), if, in case, 
,^ supposing that, provided 
ji-ha'lau ki'ra-rya, if perchance. 
ji-ka'lau s-ha'li-pun, even if. 
ji-ka'lau ti-a'da, unless. 



ji'lat, mn-ji'lat, .io lick, lap (as a 
dog, or as flames). 

ji-Iid' (Ar., leather), binding; 

ji'mat, eareful, thrifty. t— -I' 

ji'mat (Ar.), a corruption- of 

'azimat, q.v. 
jin' (Ar.), a spirit; usually an 

evil spirit, demon. Cf . han- 

tu and 'ifrit. 
ji'nak, tame, docile, domesticated, 

bold, familiar. 
ji'naJc-han, to tame, render do 

jin'tan, caraway seed. 

jin'tan ma'nis, aniseed. 
ji'wa (Sk.), the soul. Cf 



j'jak, her-j'jak, footsteps, foot- 
prints; to step, tread, just 
touch with the end. Cf. 

j-las' (Ar.), settled, arranged 
(as accounts or other busi- 
ness). Cf. sudah and hdbis. 
j-las' han, to settle, arrange. 

j-la'tai^:, the nettle. 

jlid, see jilid. 

jl'ma (Sk.), incarnation. 

mn-jVma, to be incarnate, tate 
a human or other form. 

j-Iu'jur, basting, loose sewing. 

j-lu'toii:, a large tree which 
yields rubber. 

j'ma'ah (Ar.), a society, com- 
pany. Cf. Tebrgsi. 

j'ma'at' or ju'ma'at' (At., as- 
sembly), Friday, the day of 
congregation.. ' 

^. ha'ri j'ma'at', Friday. 
s-j'ma'at' , a week. 

j'man (B.), time, epochs. age = 

jtn-ba'tan, a bridge, pier, wharf. 

' jm'Iah (Ar.), total, sum; also 
jm'lah-kan, to add up. 

j'tnor, mn-j'mor, -kan, to dry in 
the sun. Cf. argmkan. 

jm'pot, mn-jm'pot, -Jean, to in- 

^ vite ; also to hold between, the 

finger and thumb. Cf. sila. 

jm'po-tan, invitation. 

o'rarg jm'po-tan, guest. Cf. 


j-mu', satiated, satisfied, wearied, 
nauseated. Cf. Jcnryarg and 

j-na'ka, joke, .pun; facetious. 
Cf. gurau and sindir. 

j-narg', the side posts of a door 
or window, or of the frame 
of a screen or partition. Cf. 
tu'top j-ndrg', the upper post of 
a screen or partition. 

jn-de'la (Port.), window; a,lso 
j-ne'la. Cf. tirgJcap. 

jtg'kal, the span as a measure of 

j-nis' (Ar.), sort, kind, species. 
Cf. macham and hagai. 
her-j-nis'-j-nis' (115), all sorts. 

j-igok', mn-j-rgoh', to look with 
the, head protruding. 

jn't-ra (Sk.), a wheel, machin- 
ery, an engine. Cf. psawat 
and in jin. 
her- jn't-ra, having wheels or 
machinery, revolving. . 

jo'doh, pair, couple, mate, fellow. 
Cf. hmhar, pasarg and jori. 
jo'doh-han, to mate. 

jo'gan (Pers.), a standard, en- 
sign. ; . 



jo'get, dance, dancing. Cf. tari. A^iu'al, mn-ju'al, -han, to sell 
Jo'hOr, the name -of a country at 

the south end of the Malay 

jo'lok, mn-jo'loh, to gather fruit 

off a tree by means of a long 


joii:', a junk. /^ 

■joig'kit, mn-joty'kit, to rise at 
one end, tip up. 

jois'kok, ber-jorg'koJc, to squat, 
sit on one's haunches. , t-T* 

jo'ri (gjjid.), a pair (used of 
horses only). Cf. pasarg. 

jo'roig, tray for betel nut. ^ 

J-pun'^ Japan, Japanese. 

J-ram', rapids in a river. 

j-ra'mi, straw, hay, the fibrous 

parts of certain fruits. 
j-raig', .mn-j-raiy', -lean, to heat 

over a fire. Cf. diarg and 


j-rat', mn-]-rat\ -lean, a noose or 
snare; to snare. Cf. rachelc. 

]-ra'wat, pimples on the face. 
Cf. hisuT. 

j-fit', mn-j-rif, to scream, cry 
out as in fear (of men and 
certain animals). 

j-rok' (Jav.), generic -name for 
oranges, limes, etc.; usually 
Umau. Also a preserve or 
pickle made from these 

j-ru'mat, darning. 

j-ru'nius, prostrate, flat on one's 
face. Cf. tiarap. 
ter-j-ru'mus, fallen flat on one's 

■jiaa, see juga. 

ju-ak-ju'ak, body-guard. 

ber-ju'al (100), selling, en- 
gaged in the sale of. 

ber-ju'al-b-W, buying and sell- 

ju'aii:, ber-ju'atg, to fight (of 
elephants and dragons). 

ju'bah (Ar.); tunic, a long outer 
garment worn by Arabs, and 
by Malays on special occa- 

ju'di (Sk.), gambling. 
_, ma'in ju'di, to gamble. 

ju'ga (144, 162), likewise, just, 
nevertheless, merely ; also 

ba'ik ju'ga, pretty good, just as 

b-gi'tu ju'ga, just like tliat. ■ - 

dm'hi-an ju'ga, just in that 

i'ni ju'ga, just now. 

sa'ma ju'ga, this very thing, 
just the same. 
ju'laig, inn-ju'larg, to raise up 
above the head, bear aloft in 
the hands ; carry astride on 
the shoulders, toss ( as a 

Juiing:, squint; cross-eyed. 
ju'lor, mn-ju'lor, to stretch out, 
1^^ put out, extend (the limbs, 
tongue, etc.). Cfc unjor. 

juma'at, see jma'at. 

jumlah, see jmlah. 

jum'pa, ber-jum'pa, to meet, 
\|/' come across a person. Cf. 


ju'igor, snout, beak (of some 
y animals and birds). Cf. 

jun'joig, mn-jun'joiy, to carry 
on the head, place on llie 





head in token of submission, 

hence : 
jun'jo)i) du'li, lit., to put the 

dust of a king's feet on one's 

head, to do obeisance. 
jiui'joty il'tah, to obey a king's 

jun'jo-iyan, the person to whom 

one does obeisance, lord; 

used in Malay writings of 


jun'tai, her-jun'tai, hangijig 
down loosely (of the legs, 
clothes, etc.). 

ju'ru, a skilled workman, an ex- 
pert; in the following ex- 
pressions : 

ju'ru l-ha'sa, an interpreter. 

ju'ru ha'iu, second mate on a 
vessel . 

ju'ru Icun'clii, turnkey, stew- 

ju'ru ina'sak, a cook. 

ju'ru mu'di, steersman, quar- 

ju'ru s-la'uud, Saviour (X.). 
^ ju!ru tu'Ks, a clerk, secretarj*. 

pn-ju'ru, a corner, angle. 

ju'rus, a brief interval of time. 
s-ju'rvs la'ma-rya, for a mo- 
jus'ta (B. ) , false, untrue - dusia. 
ju'ta (Sk.) (33), a million. 

juz' (Ar.), one of the 30 portions 
into which the Koran is 




■k, a prefixed used in forming the 
ordinal numbers ^34), and 
certain derived nouns^l26- 

k- (-27, 149), to (usually of 

l-'a'ias, on to, upwards. 
Tc-da'lam, into. 
h'lim'na, whither, where? 
I'-wa'ri, hither. 

k-pa'da (149), to (usually of 
^ h-sa'na, thither, there. 

k'a'baFi (Ar.), the name of the 
sanctuary in the great mos- 
que at Mecca, the temple at 
Mecca; the temple at Jeru- 

kabar, see hhabar. 
ka'bol (Ar.), assenting, content; 
to assent, accept, agree. 
l-a'bol-kan, to approve a thing. 

ka'borg, a measure of length for 
cloth: a length of white cot- 
ton material, folded and laid 
on the shoulder as a sign 
of mourning. Cf. Icadut. 
per-l-a'ho-rgan, mourning. 

ka'boi^, the sugar palm. 

ka'bot, mist, obscurity; obscure, 
dim, dark. Cf. kabur. 
k-lam' ka'bot, pitch dark. 

ka'bu-ka'bu, the cotton tree 
which produces kapok. 

_ ^a'bur, dim (of light or of the 
eyesight). Cf. kabot. 

ka'bus, indistinct, dimly seen. 

ka'cha (Sk.), glass (the material 
of that name). Cf. ckermin 
and glas. 

ka'chak, smart, neat, dapper. 

ka'chaig, beans, peas. 

ka'chaiy ben'de, "lady's lin- 

ka'chaiy go'rirg, roasted pea 

ka'chaiy ka'yu, the Indian dall. 

ka'chary pa'rary, a very large 





ha'chaiy pan'jarg, the long na- 
tive bean. 
ha'chaiy .pen'deh, French beans. 
ha'charg ta'nah, pea nuts. 

ka'chau, vi-rga'chau, confused ; 
to confuse, disturb, stir, put 
into disorder, perplex. Cf. 
liaru and kochaJc. 
ter-ka'chaii, disturbed, dis- 

Ica'chip, scissors used for cutting 
up betel nut. 

ka'daig, usually ier-ka'darg or 
kadarg-ha' darg , sometimes. 

ka'dar (Ar.), quantity, measure, 
proportion, extent, amount. 
Also kdar. 
d'rgan ka'dar-rya, proportion- 
s-ka'dar, in proportion to, to 
the extent of. 

ka'dii (Ar.), judge, magistrate, 
marriage registrar ; usually 

ka'dut, a material of a more open 
texture than kain guni, used 
in mourning by Chinese, and 
for sails. Cf. guni and ka- 

ka'fan (Ar.), .shroud; usually 
ka'in ka'fan. Also kapan. 
ha'fan-kan and ka'fa-ni, to en- 
shroud, wrap a body for 

ka'fi-lah (Ar.), caravan. 

ka'fir (Ar.), unbeliever; infidel. 

kah (56-60), an interrogative 

kahandak (136), see Tmdak. 
kah'wah (Ar.), coffee; usually 

kah'win, her-kah'win, marriage; 
/ to marry. Cf. nikali. 

i'si kah'win, dowry paid to tlia 
father of a bride. 

kah'win-kan, to give in mar- 
ka"il, m-rga"il, fishing line; to 
'/ fish with a line. 

raa'ta Tca"il, fish-hook. 

ia'li ka"il, fishing-line. 

p-rga"il, a fisherman (who uses 
the line). 
ka"in, cloth, any textile fabric; 
a cloth, especially the Malay 
sarorg, q.v. 

ka"in ha'ju, " saroig " and coat... 
one's clothing. 
f: ka"in ba'sa-han, bathing cloth. 

ka"in ha'tek, Javanese cottoit 

ka"in b-la'chu, unbleached 

ka"iii hu'rok, rags. 

ka"in gu'ni, sackcloth. Cf. 
^^ka"in ha'lus, fine material. 

ka"in kha'sah, a fine lineit 
cloth, muslin. 

ka"in ka'dut, a coarse material 
used for mourning by Chi- 

ka 'in ka'fan, shroud. 

ka"in ka'sar, coarse material, 

ka"in k' ma' san, material wovert 
or embroidered with gold. 

ka"in sakh'lat, woollen cloth. 

ka"in s-h-lai', one " sarong." 

ka"in s-ka'yu, a roll of cloth. 

ka"in sti't-ra, silk. 

bu'ka ka"in, to undress. Cf.. 

kais', to scratch (as a fowl). 

ka"it, m-rga"it, a hook; to hook.. 

ka'jaiig, mats made by stitching- 

/ together the leaves of the- 

screw-pine, and used to afford 

shelter from rain on boats, 

carts, etc. Cf. brgkuarg. 




-ka'kak, elder sister; sometimes 
elder brother, which is usual- 


ly alarg. Cf. adelc and tacU. ^^ la'rarg-Tca'li, perhaps 

mda. spf» Tr.handa 'h ««.'»,« ifca'K hov "^ 


kakanda, see khanda. 
ka^ka-tu'a, cockatoo; pincers. 

ka'ki, foot, leg, base, pedestal. 
ha'ki bu'kit, the foot of a hill. 
ka'ki di'an, candlestick; 
ka'ki gu'norg, the foot of a 
^ ka'ki la'rgit, the horizon. 
ka'ki iem'bok, foundations of a 

hi-na'targ ber-ka'ki am'pat, 

h-kas' ka'ki, foot print. ^ 

^^^ja'lan ka'ki, to go on foot. 
^^ ma'ta ka'ki, the ankles. 
^^Ma'pah ka'ki, sole of the foot. \ 

ka'ku, stiff, unbending ^ 


ka'la (Sk.), time; usually in the 
phrases given below. Cf. 
wahtu, masa, zman and kali, 
a'da ka'la. sometimes. 
a' pa ka'laj when. Cf. apabila. 
d-hu'lu ka'la, formerly, in 
olden times. 
• s-di'a ka'^la, always, usually, 

ka'la, a generic name for scor- 
ka'la jrg'kirg, the common 


kal'dai, ass, donkey. 
ka'li, a time or occasion. 

^■b-ra'pa ka'li, how often. 

^,Je-du'a ka'li-rya, the' second 


, s-ka'li, once ; also see skali-kali. 

s-ka'li gvs', all. at once, all at 

the same time. 
s-ka-li-ka'li, altogether, entire- 
ly ; sometimes abbreviated ti> 
skalb meaning, quite, verv 
(92, 94). 
s-ka'li pun' (144), even. 
s-ka'li-an, see sklian. 

ka'lis, impervious (to water). 

kalimah, see klimah. 

ka'lot, ka'lot-kan (B.), to re- 
buke, reprove. 
j^m'bii^, goat. 
^ kam'birg bi-ri-bi'ri, sheep. Cf. 
kam'birg ran'dok, he-gOat. 

kambli, see Icmbli. 

kam-bo'j'a (Sk.), the name of 
a tree with sweet, scented 
g'tali kam-bo'ja, gamboge. 

kam'bus, ter-kam'bus, stopped 
up, choked. 

ka'lah (B.), to lose in a conflict,' 
suffer defeat = aJah. Cf. m- 
narg. ^ 

i^" ka'lam (Ar.), a pen. 

ka'laiig:, m-rga'larg , to prop up 

(as a ship on a beach) ; also 1/ 

ka'lau (141, 142) = ji'ka and ji- 
'^ - koi'lau, if. 

- ka-lau-ka'lau, perchance, per- 
haps, on the chance that, in 
case that. 

^^''kam'guan (B.) (Chin,), satis- 

fied, willing ; to assent, agree. 

ka'mi (7), we, us (excluding the 
person or persons spoken to) . 
Cf. kita. 

kam'poh, double, in duplicate; 
as a sarorg woven in half 
widths, which m^tist be sewn 

kam'poiig:, ber-kam'porg , to as- 
semble; an assembly, of 
hovises, a village, quarter or 
ward in a town, the grounds 






■ round a house. Cf. himpon 

and dusun. 
hiin'poiy-kan, to collect, cause 
to assemble. 

]<a'mu (6), you (usuall}' plural) ; 
when used as a possessive 
pronoun often contracted to 
-nui (13). 

Ica'mus (Ar.), dictionary. 

^1<a-nak-ka'nak, infant, small 

I^a'nan, right ; as opposed to Mri, 

'' sb'lah ka'nan, the right side. 
^ ia'iTjan l-a'nnn, the right hand. 

kan'chil, mouse deer = plandolc. 

kan'chii^, a button, bolt, bar to 
fasten a door. 

lian'davg, an enclosure for cattle, 

stall, sheepfold, stable. Cf. 

]<an'dar, m-rgan'dar, to carry 

things on the two ends of a 

^ la'iiii l-on'dar, carrying stick. 

kan'das and ier-kan'das, a- 
ground, stranded. Cf. dam- 

kan'dil (Ar.), lantern, lamp. 
Cf. iMta and tanjlorg. 

Ican'doiig:, m-iyan'doiy, to carry 
in the bosom; conceive, bear 
children. Cf. kendoiy. 

1<an-du'ri (Pers.), a feast held 
annually at which prayers 
for the dead are said; hence 
any feast. Cf. jamu. 

kaig' and k-kaiig', a horse's bit. 
Cf. lagani. 
ia'li hary', bridle. 

kaig'kang:, ter-kaiy'Tcarg, strad- 
dling, wide apart (of the 

kaig'koig, tlie name of a veg&r 

kan'ji, meal or flour boiled to 

the consistency of poiiridge. 

Cf. huhur and sujL 
^ n'yer l-an'ji, gruel. 
kap, the hood of a buggy. 
v^ ka'pak, axe. Cf. hUorg. 

ka'pal (Tam.), ship, vessel. Cf. 

•^ ha'pal a'pi, steamship. 
„ l-a'pal la'yer, sailing ship. 
• la'pal p-raiy', warship. 

na'ik ka'pal, to board a ship 

from a boat. 
, tu'run ka'pal, to go on board a 

ship from a pier or wharf. 

kapan, see kafan. 

ka'pan (Jav.), when; usually 


ka'-par, ber-ka'pa-tran, spread out 
in disorder, scattered. 
ka'par-kan, to scatter. 

ka'pas, raw cotton. Cf. kapok 

and kabu-kabu. 
ka'pi, a block, pulley. 
ka'pi-tan (Port.), captain. Cf. 

ka'pok, raw cotton. Cf. hapas 

and kabu-kabu. 

ka'pur, lime; mortar, plaster. 
ka'pur ba'rus, camphor. 
ka'pur b-lan'da, chalk, crayons. 
ka'pur lii'iam, Portland ce- 
ka'pur ma'ii, slaked lime. 
ka'pur to-hor', quick-lime. 
sa'pu. ka'pur, to whitewash. 
Cf. labur. 

ka'ram, destruction, especially 
shipwreck ; to founder ; some- 
times used as an imprecation. 
Cf. dampar and kandas. 





^^.Tcarana, see kerna. 

^/ika'raig, coral reef, coral rock; 
tin-bearing rock. 
ha'tu ka'raty, coral, coral rock. 
^^ bii'iya k-a'rarg, sponge. Cf. lu- 

kaVaiig, m-iya'rarg, to arrange, 

{/" set in order (as flowers in 

a bouquet) ; to compose (of 

written compositions). 

l-a-ra'rgan, a written composi- 

'^ tion, the setting of Jewels, a 

wreath or nosegay of flowers. 

p-iya'rarg, an author. 

"ka-rar' (Ar.), settled, fixed, es- 

ka'rat, rust. Cf. hsi. 
'^' her-ka'rat, rusty. 

"ka'pib (Ar.), near (of relation- 

!ka'roig, a rough sack, usually 
of matting or other coarse 
material. Cf. guni. 

"karunia, see kiirnia. 

tia'rut, m-iga'rut, to talk non- 

ka'sad (Ar.), intention, purpose. 
Also ksad. 

Ica'sap, rough to the touch. 

1<a'sar, coarse, rough, rude, im- 
' — polite. 

Ika'sau, roof, timbers. "^ 

l-a'sau jan'tan, purlins. 
ka'sau h-Wna, rafters. v 

_, ita'seh (148), love, affection, 
favour; to love; (in the col- 
loquial of the Settlements) 
to give (79), 
ha'las ha'seh, to return a fa- 
>— " min'ia Jca'seh, to ask a favour. 
, i-ri'ma Tca'seh (160), to thank. 
^^ Cf. sliukur. 

■ ka'se-hi, to love. 
ka'se-han, pity, compassion. 

Cf. sayarg, 
ha-se-lia'ni and ka-^se-han'kan, 

to have pity or mercy upon 

a person. 
p-rga'se-lian, affection. 
Jc-ka'seh-ku (136), my beloved, 

my friend. 

■ ka'si (in the colloquial of the 
^^ Settlements), to give;= (Pe- 

nang) bagi. Cf. kaseh. 

ka'si m (Ar.), mutilated, cas- 
trated. Cf. kmbiri. 

kas'rah (Ar.), the vowel sign 
corresponding to i; see haris. 

kas-tu'ri (Sk.), musk. Ci. jbat. 

ka'sut, shoes. Cf. spatu. 

ka'ta (149), ber-ka'ta, to say, 
'^ speak. Cf. chakap, bilarg 
and tutor, 
ka'ta-rya, he said; saying. 
s-ka'ta, assenting, concurring. 
s-pd'tah ka'ta, one word. 
ka'ta-kan, to say or tell a thing. 
s/- per-ka'ta'an, a word, sentence. 

ka'tak, frog. Cf. kodok. 
y ka'tak b-torg', bull frog. 
ka'tak pu'ru, toad. 

ka'tek, a'yam ka'tek, bantam 

ka'ti, a measure of weight = 1 J 

ka'tib (Ar.), scribe. 

ka'til, bedstead. Cf. tmpat- 
tidor, pntas and peraduan. 

ka'toiig;, a sea turtle. 

ka'top, m-rga'top, to shut, close. 

Cf. tutop. 
kau', thou; an abbreviation of 

kau'du (B.), mean, stingy.. 



kaul' (Ar.), word, sentence, say- 

kautn' (Ar.), a people, race, 
'^ tribe, nation. Cf. hargsa. 

hawm' Ic-lur'ga, household, fa- 
mily, all one's relations. 

kaus' (Ar., shoes), in the phrase : 
Ic-ha'wak Tcaus' , an honorific 
title of princes, having refer- 
ence to the ancient custom of 
placing the head beneath a 
king's feet in token of sub- 
mission. Cf. junjoiy. 

ka'wah, cauldron. 

ka'wal, guard, watch. Cf. jaqa. 
^ pnj-hu'lu ha'wal, the comman- 
der of a guard. 
ber^Jea'wal,. to keep watch. 

/" ka'wan, comrade, companion; 
/ herd, flock, company. Cf. 

tman, handai, taulan and 

i/^ ka'wat, wire; telegram. Cf. 

kawin, see hahwin. 

y^ ka'ya,.rich. 

o'rarg ka'ya, a title of Malay 

h-lca'ya'an, riches. '< 

ka-ya'igan (Jav.), the heaven 
of Hindu mythology ; see 
yarg. Cf. shorga and indra. ' 

h&'yap, a skin disease. 

Jca'yoh, m-rga'yoh, a paddle; to 
paddle a boat. 
p-rga'yoh, a paddle. 

ka'yu. wood, a tree, a log; nu- 
l^'^"'^ merical coefficient of rolls of 

cloth or other material (83). ' 
Jca'yu a' pi, firewood. 
Ica'yu a'rarg, ebony. ^ 

ka'yu ma'nis, cinnamon. i 

^ ba'taig ha'yu, the trunk of a 

i^^ hu'ali Ica'yu, the fruit of a tree. 
^da'un Jca'yii, the leaves of a 

i^hu'lit ka'yu, bark. 
^„''po'lion ka'yu, a tree. 

kbajikan, see bajik. 

k-bal', rendered invulnerable (by 

k-bas', to shake in order to re- 
move dust or dirt. Cf. qon~ 

k-ba'ya (Pers.), a jacket worn 
bj- women. 

kbiri, see kmbiri. 
,-k-bun', garden, plantation, or- 
.^tu'karg k-bun' , gardeflef. 
,^ber-k-bun', to be a planter. 

k-chap', ni-rg-chap' , to taste. 

k-cha'pi (Sk.), a lyre, harp. 

k-che'wa, injury, disappoint- 

k-chil', small, little: sometimes 
pronounced k-chi''. 
^ k-chil' de-ri-pa' da, smaller than. 
, k-chil' ha'ti. spiteful, having a 
grudge against a person. 
--■ a'nak k-chil', an infant. 
' de'ri k-chil', from childhood. 
_ tu'an k-chil', junior in office, 
master's son. 

k-chu'ak (Chin.), cockroach. 
Cf. lipas. 

k-chu-a'li, especially, particular- 
ly. Cf. istimewa. 

k-chup', a kiss. Cf. chiunt. 

k-chiit', wrinkled, shrivelled. Cf. 
kdut and krut. 

k-dai', shop. Cf. gudarg. 
bu'ka k-dai', to set up a shop. 




her-lc-dai' , to keep a shop. 
-? o'rarg her-k-dai', shopkeeper. 

k-dal', a skin disease causing 
white patches on the hands 
and feet, sometimes described 
as a form of leprosj'. Cf. 

Iv-dang', m-rg-daixj' , to stretch out 
(the hands). 

k-dar' and ka'dar (Ar.), quan- 
tity, measure, proportion, ex- 
tent, amount. 
d'lyan k-dar' -rya, proportion- 
s-k-dar'j in proportion to, to 
the extent of. 
k-dut', a wrinkle, crease. Cf. 

Jcchut and krut. 
ke'chek, persuasive, coaxing, im- 
ke'chi (Eng., ketch), a small 
sailing vessel. 
e'ju (Port.), cheese. 

ke'iaig, a pair of rollers, hence a 
roller mill for sugar, tapioca, 

ke'lek, to carry under the arm. 

ke'ioig, fishing-stakes; see also 

ken'doig, m-rgen'dorg, to carry 
in a fold of one's clothes, 
Cf. kandorg. 

ke'peig, a small coin. 

ker'bau, buffalo. 

ker'chut, reed grass. 

ker'ja (Sk.), work, employment, 
business, festivities; 
l-ker'ja, to work, be engaged in 

business or in festivities. 
her'ja-kan, to carry out, accom- 
plish, execute; to hold fes- 
tivities or perfprni cere- 
monies for a person (as iuar- 

■ riage, circumcision or a 
funeral) ; to murder by com- 
mand .of a raja, exeeute* 
< p-ker'ja'an, wofk, occupation, 

ker'iiig, m-iyer'lirg, to look out 
of .the corners of the eyes, 
give a sidelong glance. 

ker'na (Sk. karana) (l-io), be- 
■^ cause, for, owing to. Cf. 

ker'sek, coarse sand; also krisek-. 
Cf. pasir. 

ker'tak, ker'tak gi'gi, to grind 
the teeth. 

kpr'tas (Ar.), paper. 
v/ ker'tas kin-harg' and ker'tas 
lap' J blotting paper. ' 

k^'sah (Ar.), tale, story, nar- 
' al-ke'sah (133), a punctuation 

kha'bar (Ar.) (155, 159), news, 
i/^ tidings, information, know- 
ledge of fact. Cf. brita and 
^^^kha'bar a''rgin, unreliable in- 
formation, false rumours. 
x.y^kha'bar ha'ik, good news. 
M'pa kha'bar, what is the news? 
the usual Malay salutation, 
the reply to which is, khabar 
su'rat kha'bar, newspaper. Cf. 
*^ akhbar. 

ti-a'da kha'bar a'kan di'ri-tya, 
in a state of unconsciousness. 
kha'bar-kan, to relate, narrate, 
inform. Cf- bri tahu. 
kha'dim (Ar.), servant, attend- 
kha-la'si (Pers.), Sailor. 
kha-la'yak (Ar. khala'ik), cre- 
atures, created things. , Q • 

^hLjivi/c c^ 5»^ K^4. - i^K -PLjs- uj . qkcu>ufvJcM,ux*^ fj^ 



kha-li'fah (Ar.), successor, ca- 

kha'lik (Ar.), creator. 

kha'mir (Ar.), yeast, leaven; 
fermented, leavened. 

kha'mis (Ar., fifth), Thursday; 

usually liari hhamis. 
khanduri, see handuri. 
kha-ran'da, see kranda. 
kha'sah, ka'in hlia'sali, muslin. 

kha'si-at (Ar.), virtue, energy, 
power to produce certain re- 
sults (as drugs, etc.) ; (B) 
k'si-at, advantage. 

khat' (Ar.), handwriting;, also 
hhas targan. 

khawatir, see hhuatir. 

kha'tam (Ar.), end; finished, 

ended, concluded. 

hha'tam-l-an, to finish, conclude 

(of persons who have ]ust 

learned to read the Koran). 

kha'tan (Ar.), circumcision; 
usually sunat. 
hha'tan-kan, to circumcise. 

kha'tib (Ar.), preacher, the per- 
^ son who reads the khutbah 

in a mosque. 

kha-za'nah (Ar. khizanai), 
treasure house. 

khe'mah (Ar.), tent, taber- 
nacle. t~- 

khi-a'nat (Ar.), treachery, per- 

khid'mat (Ar.), service. 

khi'laf (Ar.), contradiction, 
,. error, mistake. Cf. silap. 

khizanat, see khazanah. 

khu-a'tir (Ar. khawatir), an- 
, xiety, apprehension, anxious 
thought; also kuatir. 

khur'ma (Pers.), dates. 

khut'bah (Ar.), discourse, ser- 
mon read in mosques on 

ki-a'mat (Ar.), resurrection; 
usually khargkitan. 
ha'ri ki-a'mat, the resurrection 
ki'an, thus, so, found chiefly in 

its derivatives : 
. ar'ki-an (133), then. 
' — dm'ki-an, thus. 

k-Ja'ki-an (133), moreover. 
s-ki'an, so much, so many. 

kt'as (Ar.), comparison, analogy, 
syllogism, example. Cf. 'iha~ 

ki'bar, to flutter in the air (as a 

ki'bas, m-rgi'has, to swing to and 

fro (trans.). Cf. goyarg. 
da'yorg ki'bas, a two-bladed 


kib'Iah (Ar., facing, opposite- 
to), the direction in which 
Mohammedans face when- 

ki'chu, m-rgi'chu, to deceive,. 

cheat; usually tipu. , 
'ki'dal, left-handed. 

ki'jaqg:, a small deer. Cf. kan~ 
cliil, plandok and ntsa. 

ki'kir, a file, rasp; stingj^, mean.. 

ki'kis, m-rgi'kis, to scrape,, 
scratch. Cf. garok and ga~ 

Jki'lat, lightning; brilliancy; glit- 
tering, shining. Cf. ptir 
and gilaiy. 

ki'iau, ki-laii-ka'lav-an, glitter- 
ing, brilliant, reflecting light. 
Cf, gilarg. 





ki'lir, to sharpen. Cf. asah. 
kim'kha (Pers.), damask. 
ki'pas, a fan. 

ki'ra, m-rgi'ra, to reckon, calcu- 
late, guess, think, suppose. 
Cf. Mtorg and hilarg. 

^ Jci-ra-Jci'ra, accounts, calcula- 
tions; about, nearly, more or 
less. Cf. Iheh-kurarg. 
ki'ra-rya, pray, prithee (in 
prayers or requests) ; per- 
chance, in the phrase jika- 
lau kira-iya, if perchance; 
also s-kira-rya. 

kir'bat (Ar.), water-skin; see 

ki'ri, left, as opposed to hanan, 

^ sb'lah ki'ri, the left side. 
^^ ta'rgan ki'ri, the left hand. 

ki'rim, m-rgi'rim, -kan, -i, to 
■^' send (things not persons). 

Cf. hantar. 
hi'ri-man, the thing sent. 
su'rat hi'ri-man, a letter. 

kisah, see kesali. ' 

ki'sar, m-rgi'sar, to turn, cause to 
revolve horizontally, as a 
millstone. Cf. putar and 

ba'tu ki'sa-ran, a millstone. 
Cf. gilirg. 

ber-ki'sar, to revolve. 

^ ki-si-ki'si, trellis-work. 

1 ^ kis'nuit (Ar.), fate. 

^__^ kis'mis (Pers.), raisins. 

ki'ta (fi), we, us (including the 
'^ person or persons spoken to) . 

Cf. kami. 
ki'tab (Ar.), a book, especially 
"^ religious works. 

i'si ki'tab, contents ot a book. 
L^ Cf. daftar. ' 


k-jam', m-rg-jam'^ to close the- 
eyes; also pjani. 

k-jap', a wink, the blinking of 
^^ the eyes. Cf. klip, 
s-k-jap', an instant. 

k'jar, m-rg'jar, to pursue, chase.. 
Cf. Jiambat. 

k-]i', base, vile, mean, despicable.. 
Cf. hina. 
k-ji'kan, to despise, slight. 

k-jot',. to be startled, start. 
ter-h-jof, startled. 
k-jot' kan, to startle, arouse 
from sleep. 

k-kal', durable, permanent, con- 
tinual, eternal. Cf. baka 
and lama, 
k-kal'kan, to perpetuate. 

k-kan'da, elder brother or sister 
(polite form of kakak). 

k-kang:' and kaig', a horse's bit. 
Cf. lagam. 
ta'li k-karg' , bridle. 

kkaseh, see kaseh. ■ 

k-la'bu, grey. 

k-la'dak, dregs, sediment. 

k-la'di, the yam ; also u'bi k-la'di.^ 
Cf. kledek. 

k-la'hi, ber-k-la'hi, to fight, quar- 
per-k-la'hi-an, quarrel, fight. 

k-lak', a participle expressing 
the future tense, sometimes 
used in conjunction with. 
ali-an, q.v. 

k-la'ki-an (133), a punctuation' 
word; see kian. 

k4am', dark; darkness. Cf. 
k'iam' ka'bot, thick darkness., 
thidc fog. 

k-lam'bu, mosquito net. 



""k-la'pa (Jav.) = Malay ryiur, 
the coco-nut tree. 

a'l/er k-la'pa, the milk of the 

hu'ah Ic-la'pa, a coco-nut. 

i'si h-la'pa, the meat or nutty 
part of the coco-nut. 

po'hon h-la'pa, the coco-nut 
tree. ^ 

m'hxtt Tc-la'pa, the husk of the 

san'ian h-la'pa, the juice ex- 
tracted from the nutty part. 

"k-la'si (Pers. hhalashi), sailor. 

k-lat', acid. 

k-la'tu (B.), to rap on the head 
witli the knuckle of the fore 

k-Ia'war, a bat. Cf. hluarg. 

k-le'dek, the sweet potato; this 
is considered a very iuferior 
root as an article of food by 
the natives, who therefore 
use this word as an oppro- 
brious epithet; as in the 
phrase loyar hledeh, a second- 
rate lawyer. 

k-Ieh', to see. ' 

Tc-le'waig, a short, heavy sword. 
li-li'an, a mine = galian. 
Tc-li'kir, ha'tu h-li'hir, gravel. 
Cf. hersek. 

Tc-li'Iirg, round about, around. 

ier-h-li'lirg, surrounding, a- 

h-li'li-rgi, to surround, encir- 
cle, go round. Cf. hporg. 

X-lim', hem, seam. 

!k-li'mali (Ar.), word, speech, 
saying, sentence. '- 

h-li'mah sha-ha'dat, the Mo- 
hammedan profession of 

K-liig', neg'ri K-lirg' (Sk.). the 
eastern coast of British In- 
K-lirg' is'lam, a Mahommedan 

o'rarg K-lirg' . the natives of that 
part of India, especially the 
Telugus and Tamils. 

k-Iiii:'kiis and ja'ri h-lirg'kirg, 
.the little finger. 
h-lirg'hirg ha'hi, the little toe. 

k-lin'toig, a hawker. 

k-lip', her-h-lip', to blink the 
eyes. Cf. hjam and hjap. 

^ k-lip' -k-lip', firefly. 

s-k-lip' ma' fa, the twinkling of 
an eye. 

k-Ii'ru, deception, error, mistake, 
yi misconception; muddled. 

k-l-ka'tu, flying ants. 

/kl-ma'rin and k-ma'rin, yester- 
day. Cf. s-tnalam. 
hl-ma'rin d-hu'lu, the day be- 
fore yesterday. 
k-l-ma'yar, the phosphorescent 

k-loh', m-rg-loh', a sigh; to sigh. 
h-loh' k-sah'j mental agitation. 

k-lom'pok, a group of persons. 
Cf. tumpok. 

k-lo'pak, a sheath, the lid of the 

eye, sheath of buds. 
k-lo'pak ma'ta, eyelid. 

k-lu', dumb, speechless; also bisu. 

k-Iu'aii;, a very large bat, the 

kluar, see luar. 

k-lu-ar'ga, see klurga. 

k-lu'boig, her-k-lu'borg, to en- 
velop, cover up (as with a 

k-lu'piii:, a scab. 



k-lur'ga (Sic), relationship, re- 
lated to, a relative. 
Icaum,' k-lur'ga, relations, fa- 
k-ma'la, mythical jewels sup- 
posed to have magic qua- 
lities; usually gmala. 
k-man'tin (B.) , hvide = prganfin 

■prempuan. j> 

k-ma'rau, dry, without water. 
^ mu'sim Ic-ma'rau, the dry sea- 

., k-ma'rin, yesterday; see Mma- 
^"""^ rin. w 

^- k-mas', her-k-mas', to pack up, 
stow away. 
h-mas'han, to pack things up. 
km-ba'li, again, over again, back 
again; to return. Cf. baleh 
and pularg. 
Jcm-ba'li h-rah'mat Al'lah, to 

hm-ba'li-lian, to restore, give 
back, return. 
km-baig', ler-km-harg' , to spread, 
spread out, expand, open (as 
liquids in absorbent material, 
a dry- sponge w;hen soaked in 
water, or a flower from the 
ker'tas km-harg'. Wotting paper. 
hm-barg'kan, to spread out (as 
a bird spreads its wings). 
koi'bar, ier-km'bar, twins; in 
pairs, in triplets. 
a'nak km' bar, twins. 
ta'K km'har ii'ga, a threefold 

Jcm-ba'ri, to pair with or against 
(in single combat). 
ktn-ba'ra, m-rgm-ba'ra, to wan- 
der about.. 
km-bi'ri and k-bi'ri, mutilated, 
castrated. Cf. kasim. ' 
a'yam km-bi'ri, a capon. 

km'b-li, baize, rough woollen 
material such as blankets aro 
made of. 

km-bo'ja (Sk.), the name of a 
tree with sweet-scented flow- 
ers ; also kamboja. 
km'boig, to swell; swollen. 
km'di-an, afterwards. 

km'di-an de-ri-pa'da, after 

(prep.). Cf. Ipas. 
km'di-an de-ri-pa'da i'tu, after 

k-me'ja (Port.), shirt. 

k'mn-iyan, benzoin, used as iiir 
cense by the Mala3's. 

km'pas, a hard-wood tree. 

km'pis, deflated, collapsed (as a 
bicycle tyre). 

k-mu'di, rudder. 

ju-ru-rhu' di, steersma,n, quar- 

k-mun'chak, top, apex, summit 
(of masts, roofs, hills, etc.). 

k-mu'nii|^, a tree with wood 
similar to boxwood, bearing 
sweet-scented flowers. 

k'na, m-rg'na (77), to hit a 

mark, get, incur, as in the 

following phrases : 
^ k'na dn'da, to be fined. 
k'na fit'nah, to be slandered. 
k'na hu'jan, to get wet in the 

V- k'na hu'kum, to get punished. 
^ k'na lu'ka, to get a wound. 
^ k'na rna'lv, to be disgraced. . 
, k'na pv,'kol, to get beaten. 
^ k'na, ru'gi, to incur loss. 
_,' k'na sa'kit, to fall sick. 
... k'na seh'sa, to get punished. 
-^ k'na ti'kam, to be stabbed. 
k'na-kan, to apply, put on (as 

clothes, plasters or anything 

externally applied). 



k-nal' (62), m-iy-nal', -i, to 
know a person, be acquainted 
with, recognise. Cf. lahu. 
k-na'laii, an acquaintance, a 
person with whom one is ac- 

k-nan', ber-k-nan', pleased, satis- 
lied, satisfactory, agreeable. , 
per-k-nan'l-an, to satisfy, please 
(a person). 

k-iiai;g^', ni-rg-narg' , -kan, to call 
to mind, recall, remember. 
Cf. irgat. 

k-na'pa, why? see apa. 
kn-chai^g;', stretched tight, stiff. 
Cf. irel: 
tt'iyin hn-diarg', a stiff breeze. 
kn'chiig, to urinate. 
kn'dak, a concubine, paramour, 

kn-d'a'ra, m-vgn-da'ra, -i, to ride 
on a horse or other animal. 
Cf. nail: and iurggarg. 
hn-da'rafan, mount, riding 
horse or other animal. Of- 
ten misspelt k'indra'an; see 
indra. ' 

kn'di (Sk.), a small earthenware 
jar for carrying water in. 

kndiri, see diri. 

away (ropes) 
knduri, see kanduri. 
k-niig', the brow. 

hu'lu h-nirg' , the eyebrows. 
k-nf'sah (Ar.), church, syna- 
gogue ; usually greja. 
kn-iyaiig:', satiated, satisfied with 
. food. Cf. jmu and piias. 
icn-ryarg'lcan, to satiate. 
kn'tal, thick, glutinous {of 
fluids) ; as opposed to cha'ir, 
q.v. Cf. pTcat. 

kn'taig, potato. ■ * 

kn'tut, to break wind. 
ko'bis, cabbage. 

ko'chak, ber-ko'chak, to be in a 
state of agitation (of fluids 
or of the mind). Cf. kachau. 

ko'chek, pocket. 

ko'di, a score. 

ko'dok, a frog, a toad. Cf. 


ko'dong;, maimed. 

kok', a yoke. 

ko'koh, firm, steady. 

ko'lam (Sk.), lake, pond. Cf. 
danau and tasek. 

ko'lek, the Malay canoe, propel- 
led by paddles and sails and 
carrying one or more men. 

kom'ba, bu'rorg kom'ha (B.), 

ko'meiig:, undeveloped, dwarfed. 

kotn'pa-ni, the old Bast India 
Company, hence the local 
Government in the Straits. 

koi^'si (Chin.), a society, as- :^^ 
sociation, company. Cf. ^ 
jma'ah and skutu. '^J 

kn'dur, slack (of ropes, etc.) 

kn'dur-kan, to slack up, lower ^ ko'nun, it is said, it is reported ; 
— — '' — """> '''- probably, possibly. 

ko'pek, to pull off, pick off in 

ko'pi, coffee. 


^,ko-pi'ah, cap. Cf. chpiau and 

ko'r'an' (Ar.), the Koran, the 
sacred boolc of the Moham- 

kor'ban (Ar.), ofl'ering, sacrifice, 

/KofAH ^fo^^^^^)s^9 




ko'rek, m-iyo'relc, to scrape, 
scratch or dig with a sharp 
instrument. Cf. gereh. 
Iko'soig, empty, hollow. Cf. 
hnrpa and rorgga. 

p-rot' ho'sorg, starving, famish- 

rn'mah ko'sorg, an uninhabited 

ta'nah ko'sorg, uncultivated 

Tco'sorg-kan, to empty. 

ko'ta (Sk.), a fort, fortress, forti- 
fied town. Cf. huhu and 

iko'tak, compartments or di- 
visions in a box or drawer. 
sam'pan ho'tak, a small Chinese 
boat with lockers in the stern. 
Iko'tor, dirty, filthy. Cf. chmar. 
ko'tor-kan, to dirty, soil. 

Iko'yak, m-rgo'yak, -kan, to tear, 
rend. Cf. charek. 

iko'yan, a measure of capacity = 
JiO pikuls; see end of Gram- 

Iko'yok (B.) (Chin.), plaster 

k-pada, see k-. 
k-pak', wing. Cf. sayap. 

k-pa'la (Sk.), head, chief, head- 
man, top. Cf. hulu. 

k-pa'la a'rgin, scatter-brained. 

k-pa'Ia kam'porg, village head- 

li-pa'la su'rat, the heading of a 

J--pa'la su'su, cream. 

ban'tirg k-pa'la, to rack one's 

l)a'tu k-pa'la, the crown of the 
head, the cranium. 

■chu'kai k-pa'la, poll-tax. 

p-niig' k-pa'la, giddiness. 

sa'kit k-pa'la, headache. 
kpalarg:, see alaty. 

k-pa'ya, hu!ah k-pa'ya, the pa? 

paya fruit. 
k-pi-a'lu, in the phrase: 

d-mam' k-pi-a'lu, contiTined 

k-piig', a piece; numerical co- 
eflBcient of thin flat things 
(84). Cf. krat. 

k-pit', m-rg-pit', to carry under 
the arm. 

k-pi'tiig, a kind of crab. 

k-pok', a box made of thin 

material such as cardboard; 

a rice bin. 
k-poig', m-rg-porg', to surround, 

encompass, besiege. Cf. 


k-pul', her-k-pul-k-puV , in clouds 
(as smoke). 

k-ra', a long-tailed monkey. 

k-ra'bu, ear ornaments of the 
shape of buttons. Cf. an- 

k-rah', m-rg-rah' , -fcam, to muster, 
send orders for levies to pre- 
pare or assemble for an ex- 

k.-rak', the burnt crust which ad- 
heres to the pot or pan when 
slightly overcooked. 
k-rak' na'si, rice which adheres 
to the pot after boiling. 

k-ram', mrg-ram', to brood (of 

k-ra'mat (Ar.), marvel, prodigy; 
worthy of veneration; especi- 
aly tombs of saints or re- 
markable persons, trees, or 
other natural objects, to 
which votive offerings are 



k-ran', a small wasp. 
k-ra'na, see Tcerna. 
k-ran'da (Sk.), cofiBn; also lorg. 
k-raig', a shell fish, cockles. 
k-ra'ni, clerk. v 

k-ran'jaiTg;, a large basket, crate. 

Cf. baJcul. 
k-ran'ji, a timber tree. 
k-rap', often, frequently; also 

k-rap' Tca'li. 
k-rar' and ka'rar (Ar), settled, 

fixed, established. 

y k-ras', hard, stifi, severe, diffi- 

k-ras' ha'ti, hard hearted. 

k-ras' k-pa'la, obstinate. 

k-ras' pren'iah-rya, he rules witti 

a'rgin k-ras', a strong wind. 

a'yer k-ras', spirituous liquors. 

hu'ah k-ras', the eandle-mit. 

pu'hol k-ras', to strike hard. 

k-ra'si, to force, compel. Cf. 

k-ras' kan, to increase the sever- 
ity or intensity of a thing. 

k-k-ra'san, hardness, compul- 
k-rat', m-ig-rat', -kan, to cut, cut 
off, amputate. CLprggal. 

s-k-rat', a piece, a part. 

k-ra'tan, a piece cut off. 

k-ra'waig, open work such as 
carving, crochet or lace. 

\ k-re'ta (Port.), carriage, cart. 
k-re'ta a'pi, railway, tram. 
k-re'ta Horg-korg', Jinrikisha. 
k-re'ta le'rerg, a bicycle. 
k-re'ta Im'bu, bullock cart. 
Ic-re'ta pos', mail cart. 
k-re'ta se'wa, a hackney car- 
riage, gharry. 
k-re'ta som'borg, express train. 

k-re'ta ta'rek, hand cart. 
na'ih k-re'ia, to ride in a car- 

k-ri'au, to scream (Penang). 

k-riig', dry. 

ha'tok k-rirg' , consumption. 
i'kan k-rirg', dried fish. Cf. 

k-k-ri'rgan, dried up. 

k-ris', the Malay dagger or 
' creeoe. 

hu'lu k-ris', the hilt of a kris. 
ku'nus k-ris', to draw the kris-- 

from the sheath. 
ma'ta k-ris', the blade of a kris. 
sa'rorg k-ris', the sheath of ai 
krisek, see kersek. 
k-ri'tirg:, curly (of hair). Cf- 

k-ris'ten (Eur.), Christian. 
k-rig'ga, a very large red ant. 
k-roh', muddy, thick, dirty (of 
liquids or colours). 

k-ron'choig, bangles with tink- 
ling bells attached. 

k-roiK'kong:, the throat, wind- 
pipe. Cf. lehir. 

k-ro'saig, brooch. 

k-ru'mun, her-k-ru'mun, to as- 
semble, come together^ 
swarm, throig. Cf. him.pon: 
and kumpol. 

krusi, see kursi. 

k-rut', her-k-rut', wrinkled. Cf.. 
kchut and kdut. 

k-sad' and ka'sad (Ar.), inten- 
tion, aim, object, purpose.. 
Cf. kahandak. 

ksah, see kloh. 

k'si-at (B.), advantage; see kha~ 



]<s-tu'ri (Sk.), musk; see leas- 

Ic-su'ma (Sk.), a flower. 
ik-ta'geh, craving (e.g. for 

ik-tam', a crab. Cf. hpitirg. 
k-tam', a small knife with which 

rice is harvested; a carpen- 
ter's plane. 
Ic-ta'pang, the Indian almond 

Ic-tat', tight fitting. Cf. lorg- 

Ic-ta'wa, to laugh ; see iertawa. 
■k-ti' (Sk.) (33), one hundred 

■k-ti'ak, armpit. ^ 

k-ti'ka (Sk.), time, period, mo- 
ment; also kutiha. 

h-ii'ka yarg ha'ik, a favourable 

jm'da h-ti'ha i'tu, at that time. 
s-k-U'ka la'ma-nj.a, a moment, 

a short time. 

k-tiiK'. the leg below the calf. 
m-rg-tirg', to hamstring. 

k-tok', OT-rp'-iofc' (146), to knock, . 
rap. Cf. tpoh. 
her-k-toh', to cackle. 
p-rg-toh', a knocker, mallet, 

■k-to'porg:, helmet. 

k-tul', a lump, a loaf. *' 

k-tu'pat, rice cooked in an en- 
velope of palm leaf. 

ku' (13), possessive pronoun of 
the first person ; also used as 
an abbreviation of aku when 
immediately preceding a 
verb of which it is the sub- 

ku-ah', gravy, sauce. 

ku'ak, m-iyu'ak, to low, bellow 
(of cattle). 

. ku-a'la, the mouth of a river 
where it enters the sea or 
flows into another river. 

ku-a'li, a cooking pot or pan, of 
iron or earthenware. Cf. 

ku-a'sa (Sk.), power, strength, 
authority^ attorney. Cf. 

h-ri' ku-a'sa, to empower, au- 

ma'ha ku-a'sa, almighty. 

sii'rat ku-a'sa, power of attor- 

ku-at' (Ar.), strength, force, 
power ; stroig. Cf . Tcuasa. 
ku-at'kan, to strengthen. 
k-ku-a'tan, strength. 

kuatir, see khuatir. 

ku'baig, her-ku'baiy, a wallow; 
to wallow. 

ku'bu, a rampart, parapet, earth- 
work, stockade, fort. Cf, 
henterg and kota. 

ku'bur (Ar.), tomb, sepulchre. 
ku'hur-kan, to bury, inter. Cf. 

p-ku'bu-ran, cemetery, burial 
ku'chai (Chin.), garlic. 
ku'chitg, cat. 

ku'chirg blan'dd, rabbit. 
ku'chirg Jiu'tan, wild cat. 
a'nak ku'chirg, kitten. 
ku'chup, a kiss; also kchup. Cf. 

ku'da, a horse; the trusses sup- 
porting a roof; one of the 
pieces in the game of chess; 
see chatur. 
ku'da ja-hat', a vicious horse. 

(^'L-'^utn Ba^c 




hu'da k-chiV, pony. 

hu-da-ku'da, tressles. 

ku'da p-na'kotj a timid horse. 

barg'sal hu'da, stable. 

b-si' ku'da, horse slioes. 

na'ik ku'da, to ride on horse- 

pa'kai-an ku'da, harness. 

turg'garg ku'da, to ride on 

ku'dis, mange. 

kudotg, see hodorg. v* 

ku'd-rat (Ar.), might, power; 

generally used of God. Cf. 

ku'dus (Ar.), holy. .Cf. al- 

hudus. ^ 

ku'dus-kan, to consecrate. 

ku-eh', cakes, confectionery, pud- 
kui' (B.) (Chin.), to kneel. 

ku-is', to kick aside, move with 

the foot. 
ku'jut, m-Tgu'jut, to strangle: 
ku'ki (Bng.), cook. Cf. inmsak. 

ku'koh, firm, steady. 

Jcu'koh-kan, to fortify. 
ku'kok, the crowing of a cock. 

ber-ku'kok, to crow. 
ku'ku, finger-nail, toe-nail, claw, 

ku'kus, to steam. 
ku'lai, hanging loose like a bro- 
ken arm. 
ku'lat, mushroom, fungus. Cf. 

chndawan. v- 

ku'li, labourer, cooly. 
ku'li po' (B.), female servant. 
ku'Iit, skin, leather, bark, shell. 
: ku'Iit ka'yu, the bark of a tree. 
ku'Iit ma'nis, cinnamon, 
kti'Jit t-Ior', eggshell. 

ku'li-ti, to skin, flay. Cf. ku~ 

ku'lom, to suck or move about in 

the mouth (as lozenges or 

ku'lop (Ar.), foreskin; un- 

Kul'zum (Ar.), in the phrase: 
la'ut Kul'zum, the Eed Sea. 
ku'man, a Small parasitic insect.. 
kum'baig, a beetle, humble bee. 
ku'mis (Jav.), moustache. Cf^ 


ku'mor, ber-ku'mor, to rinse the- 

kum'pol, m-rgum'pol, -kan, to- 
gather together, collect. Gf. 
himpon and krumun.. 
ber-kum'poi, to assemble, meet,. 

per-kum' po-lan, assembly ^ 
, crowd. 

kun'chi (Sk.), lock, key. 
kun'chi marg'ga, padlock. 
a'nah kun'chi, key. 
i'iu kun'chi, lock. 
ju-ru-kun'chi, steward. 
lo'baiy kun'chi, keyhole. 
ter-kun'chi, locked. 
kun'chi-kan, to lock. 

kun'chop, shut up, folded up^ 
not yet opened (of flowers 
V and buds). Cf. kmbarg. 

kun'dai, chignon, the hair of the- 
head "twisted into a knob at 
the back. Mi.<k iivt^qoi- 

ku'niig, yellow. 
kun'iyit, saffron. 

b-ras' kun'ryii, rice stained with 

kun'tyovg, in the form : 
s-kun'njorg-kun'ryorg, suddenly,, 

X h/.ik t;*<«^ t^ ■'F^,;A,p k{vr^%^^**^^^ • 



kun'tau (Chin.), boxing. 

kun'tum or ku'tum, a bud; 
numerical coefficient of flow- 
ers (84). 

kunun, see honun. 

ku'parg, a measure of weight for 
gold; (Penang) a eoin=lQ 

ku'pang:, a kind of shellfish, a 

ku'pas, m-rgu'pas, to peel, skin 
(fruits or animals). Cf. 

ku'ping (Jav.), ear; usually t- 

ku-pu-ku'pu, butterfly. 


ku'ra, the spleen. 

d-mam' 'ku'ra, intermittent 
ku-ra-ku'ra, tortoise. 

Tcu-ra-Tcu'ra ha'ki, the instep. 
kur'an, see kor'an. 
ku'raii: (39, 90), less, lacking, 
.ku'rarg 'a'dat, ill-mannered, 

ku'rarg a'jar, ill-mannered, 

ku'rarg 'a'kal, stupid, idiotic. 
ku'rarg ha'ik, inferior, bad. 
ku'rarg b-ha'sa, impolite. 
ku'rarg hi-a'sa, unaccustomed. ■ 
ku'rarg lioi-'mat, disrespectful. 
ku'rarg ja'ga, careless. 
ku'rarg ku-af, too weak, not 

strong enough.' 
ku'rarg per-cha'ya, suspicious. 
ku'rarg p-rek'sa, I don't know. 
ku'rarg ta'jam, blunt. 
s-ku-rarg-ku'rarg, at least. 
hu'rarg-kan., to reduce, di- 
k-ku-ra'rgan, lacking, in want 
-of ; want, deficiency. 

^' ku'rus, thin, lean. 

ku'rap, ringworm. 

kurban, see korban. 

kurma, see khurma. 

kur'ni-a (Sk.) (149), favour, 
grace, a gift from God or a 
king. Cf. anugrah. 
kur'ni-a-kan, to give (as a king 
or God). 

ku'roig, m-rgu'rorg, an enclosure, 
enclosed place, cabin, prison; 
to enclose, imprison. 
ku-ro'rgan, a prison, cage. Cf. 

kursang, see krosarg. 

kur'si or k-ru'si (Ar.), a chair, 
throne. Cf. iakhta. 



ku'sa (Sk.), a goad. 
kti'sin (Chin.), plant 

kus'ta (Sk.), leprosy. 
ku'sut, tangled, in disorder, in 

kutika, see ktika. 
ku'tip, m-rgu'tip, to pick up, 

gather up. 
ku'tok, m-rgu'tok, -kan, -i, a 

curse; to curse. 
kutom, see kuntoin. 
ku'tu, a louse. 

ku'tu an'jirg, a flea. 
ku'tu hu'sok, a bed-bug. 
ku'tu lin'bu, a tick. 
ku'yop, ba'sah ku' y op, wvinging 


la'ba (Sk.), gain, profit. 

la-ba-la'ba, spider. 

la'boh, m-la'boh, -kan, to haigj^ 
down, let down (as clothes, 
curtains, nets, anchors, dtc). 



ber-la'bohj to anchor. 
ia'ho-han, anchorage. 
la'bu, pumpkin, gourd. 
la'bur, in its derivative : 
p-Ja'bur, rations, supplies serv- 
ed out. 
^ la'chi (D.), a drawer = (B.), 

^ ' la'da, pepper. 

la' da me'rah, red pepper, cayen- 
ne pepper. Cf. chabai. ^ 
la'da pu'teh, white pepper. 
la'da chi'na, the chili, red pep- 
per. Cf. chabai. 
la'datg, cultivated fields, dry 
rice fields, as opposed to sa- 
wah, q.v. Cf. bndarg and 
la'ga, ber-la'ga, to collide, strike 
together (of large hodies, as 
animals fighting). 
la'gam, a horse's bit. Cf. harg. 
la'gi (40, 89), more, still, yet, 
la'gi hi'dop, still alive. 
la'gi s-ka'li, once more. 
a' pa la'gi, what else, how much 

the more. 
b-lutn' la'gi, not yet. 
h-ra'pa la'gi, how many more. 
s-la'gi, as long as, while. 
s-di'hit la'gi, a little more. 
la'gu, tune. 

lah' (ij 6), an expletive suffix 
which is usually joined to 
the verb or some emphatic 
word in a sentence. 
la'hir (Ar. tla'hir), visible, out- 
ward, exoteric ; as opposed to 
batin, inward. 
lai, numeral coefficient, of thin or 

•flat objects; also hlai. 
ia'ln, other, different; exclusive 
of; difference. 

m-la'in-kan, but, on the con- 
trary, on the other hand; 
Cf. liarya. 
ber-la'in-an, diverse, differing 
la'jak, go forward, push ahead 

(as a boat). 
la'ju, rapid, moving swiftly (as 
boats, carriages, etc.). Cf. 
la'ki, husband. 

la'li bi'ni, husband and wife. 
la-M-la'ki (87), male, mascu- 
line = (B.) dlaJci. Cf. jan- 
ber-la'ki, having a husband 

married (of women). 
ber-la'M-kan, to marry, be mar- 
ried to (of women). 
lak'sa (Sk.) (33), ten thousand. 
lak-sa-ma'na (Sk.), admiral. 
lak-sa'na (Sk.), like, resembling. 
la'ku, ber-la'ku, action, conduct, 
style, manner of doing a 
thing; to take place, happen, 
occur, pass current, sell 
s-la'ku i'ni, in this manner, 

la'hu-kan, to bring to pass, exe- 
cute, carry out. 
la'ku-kan di'ri, to behave one- 
, self, comport oneself, act. 
k-la'ku-an, behaviour, action. 
la'lai, a state of semi-conscious- 
ness; hence, listless, careless, 
ter-la'lai, in a semi-conscious 

la'lai-kan, to neglect, dis- 
la'laiig:, a very coarse grass. 

la'lu la'larg, to pass and repass. 
la'lat, the common house-fly. 
ia'lii la'lat, moles, freckles. 



la'iti, to pass, be past; past, ago, 

after that, then (138). 
linu la'larg, to pass and repass. 
a' da ti'ga ha'ri la'lu, three days 

ler-ja'lan la'lu, to pass by. w 
pu'Tcol ti'ga la'lu, past three 

s-la'lu, always. 
ta'kun la'lu, last year. 
ter'la'lu, very, extremely. 
la'lu-i, to pass by a thing, go 

past, overlook, disregard. 

la'ma, long (of time), length of 
time, duration, old, former, 
ancient. Cf. tua. 
la-ma-la' ma, la'ma Tc-la'ma'an, 

after some time, finally. 
la'ma su'ddh, a long time ago. 
bi'ni la'ma, a former wife. 
b-ra'pa la'ma, how long ? 
pa'kai-an la'ma, old clothes. 
■s-la'ma, as long as, while. 
s-la-ma-la'ma-rya, for ever. 
s-ta'hun la'ma-rya, for a year, 
a year's duration. 
lam'bai, m-lam'hai, -kan, to 
lam'bai-kan ta'rgan, to make a 
sign by waving the hand. 
Cf. isharat. 
lam'bat, slow, tardy, dilatory, 
late, too late. Cf. lergah 
and lewat. 
lam'tat-han, to retard. \ 

lam'boiig, side, flank. 
lam'botig:, m-lam'borg, to toss in 
the air, bound up and down. 
lamin, see plamin. 
flam'pau, m-lam'pau, exceeding, 
beyond, excessive; to exceed, 
go beyond. 
ier-lam'pau, excessively, too 
much, very = (B.) ter-lam- 

lam'pin, swaddling-clothes; also 
kain lampin. 

lam'pois:. light, bulky for its 
weight (of wood). 

lam'pu (Bug.), lamp. Cf. plita. 

la'mun, in case, in the event of, 
la'mun ja'rgan, for fear that, 
I'a'nat (Ar.), curse, imprecation, 
damnation. Cf. sumpah and 
Va'nat-kan, to curse. 

lan'char, rapid, fluent (especial- 
ly of speech). Cf. paseh. 
ba'cha lan'char, to read fluently. 

lan'choig, false, counterfeit. 

lan'dak, the porcupine. 

bu'lu lan'dak, the quills of the 
porcupine ; when removed 
from the animal they are 
known as duri landaK 
lan'das, in its derived form: 
lan'da-san, an anvil. 

laig', a generic name for birds of 

the hawk tribe. 
la'igau, a- large horsefly. Cf. 

latg'gaig, turg'garg larg'garg, hel- 
ter-skelter, head over heels. 
laiig'gar, m-larg'gar, to attack, 
assail, assault, contend 
against, violate a command. 
Cf. lawan. 
larg'gar 'a'dat, to violate a cus- 
larg'gar b-ha'sa, to transgress 

the rules of etiquette. 
larg'gar hu'kum, to violate the 
la'igir, m-la'rgir, -i, cosmetics 
: used in bathing; to use such 

cosmetics in bathing. 



la'igit, the sky, heavens. 

la-rgit-la'rgitj ceiling, the roof 

of the mouth. 
l^a'l-i la'rgit, the horizon. 

iaig'kah, m-larg'hah, -i, a. pace, 
a step; to step, step over. 

laig'kan (B.) (Chin.), open 
space round tlae cMmche". 

lan^kap, see Itrjl-ap. 

laig'sat, the name of an edible 

larg'si, door curtains, portiere. 

iang:'sotg, outright, for good and 
all ; also sometimes = laJu, 
especially in Penang and 

lan'jur, t-lan'jur, lengthy, pro- 
tracted; (B.) itam'^M, during, 
Ica'ta su'dah Man'jw, " the 
murder's out." 

lan'jut, long (of time or of a 
story), of loig duration, pro- 
tracted, Cf. lama and pan- 
lan'jid-han, to prolong. 

lan'tai, floor, also the laths 
(usually of the niborg paim) 
of which Malays make their 
pa'pan lan'tai, floor boards. 

lan'tak, m-lan'tak, to drive in, 
p-lan'tale, ramrod. 

Ian'ta.s (Jav.), thereupon, then 
= Malay lalv. 

lan'tek, m-lan'Ul-, to install, in- 
vest, inaugurate (princes and 
high officials). 

la'iyak, m-la'npl-, to trample, 
tread down. 

lap', lap'Mn, to absorb. 
ler'tas lap', blotting paper. 

la' pah, to Bay. 

lapan; see dlapari. 

(a'paig, broad, extensive, spaci- 
ous, wide. Cf. lehar and 

la'par, ier-la'par, hunger; to be 
Jc-Ia' pa-ran, famine. 

la'pe" (B.) (Chin.), balcony 

open to the sky. 
la'pis, fold, layer (84). 

ba'jn du'a la'pis, two coats 

worn one over the other. 
pin'ta tu'joh la'pis, seven doors 
or gates in succession. 

la'pok, mould, mildew. 

la'ran;, m-la'rarg, -kan, to forbid,, 
prohibit. . Cf. tgah and pan- 
tatg. . 
la-ra'rgan, ■ contraband, that 
which is tabooed or prohibit- 

la'ras, barrel of a gun. 

la'rat, m-la'rat, to spread, e.x- 
tend'; to drift (of clouds,, 
ships when their anchors- 
drag, etc.). 

la'rek, to turn on a lathe. 

p-la'reJc, lathe. 
ta'ri, ber-la'ri, to run, rUn awajv 
flee; escape. 
ba'wa la'ri, to run away with. 
la'ri-kan, to cause to run, run:, 
away with, run off with^ 
p-la'ri, fugitive, runaway. 
p-la'ri-an, escape. 
lash'kar (Pers.), soldier, army;: 
sailor. Cf. soldado and kha~ 

la'ta (Ski), m-la'ta, to creep,, 
crawl (of plants and an- 



la'tah, a nervous affection, the 
symptoms of which are some- 
what similar to the eifects of 

fa"uk, the food which is eaten 
with rice whether meat, fish 
or vegetables. 

la"ut, the sea. 

la"ut a' pi, hell. 
, ia'rat la"ut, north-west. 

ti'mor la"ut, north-east. 

m-la"ut, to go out to sea (as 
river fish). 

la"u-tan, the ocean. 

la'wan, her-la'u-an, adversary', 
rival; to contend, strive, 
compete. Of. larggar. 
m-la'wan, to oppose, resist, 
withstand ; opposed t o , 

la'wat, m-la'wat, to visit. 

la'yak (Ar.), worthy, fit, proper. 

la'yan, m-la'yan, -i, to serve, 
wait upon, minister to. 
p-la'yan, a servant. 

ia'yan^, m-la'yarg, to soar, hover. 

la-yarg-la'yarg, a kite. 

ber-ma'in la-yarg-la'yarg, to fly 
a kite. 

bu'rorg la-yarg-la'yarg, a swal- 

m-rgan'jorg la-yarg-la'yarg, to 
throw a kite up in the air. 

la'yarg-Jcan su'rat, a poetic ex- 
pression for sending a letter. 

la'yer, a sail. ^-t-lA'^A-l^ 
hu'Tca la'yer, to set a sail. 
i'hat la'yer, to furl sail. 
b-la'yer (98), to sail, set sail, 

start on a voyage. 
la'yer-kan, to sail (a vessel). 
p-la'ye-ran, voyage. 

la'yu, withered; to wither, fade. 

la'zat (Ar.), pleasure, delight^ 
enjoyment (of a sensual 
kind) ; pleasant to the senses. 

la'zim (Ar.), indispensable; 
hence, in common use, com- 
mon; also hla'ziman. 

I'bah, bee. 
sa'rarg I'hali, honey-comb, a 
bee's nest. 
l-bai', a mosque attendant. 
l-bam', discoloured, as the result 

of a bruise. 
. Mru l-bam', black and blue. 
l-bat', thick, dense, heaVy (as 
foliage, insects or rain). Cf, 
I'beh (89), more, more than; sur- 
plus. Cf. lagi. 
I'beh d-hu'lu, previously. 
I'beh lu'rarg, more or less. Cf.. 

s-l-beh-l'beh-rya, at the most. 
ter-l'beh' (93, 9-1), most, very. 
I'beh-kan, to make more of, 
aggrandize, consider of more 
k-l'be-han, excess, superiority. 
l-bu', dust. Cf. dbu and habok^ 
l-bur', m-l-bur', to melt or fuse 
metals, smelt. 
Ic-l-bu'ran, abyss, chasm. 
le'bar, wide, broad; breadth (36, 
Note). Cf. laparg and, 
le'cheh, protracted, slow, linger- 
le'chek, m-le'cheh, to crush by a 
grinding motion, under the 
foot or in a vessel. 
le'hir, neck, throat (external). 
Cf. krorghorg. 
ba'targ le'hir, the neck. 
ch-keh' le'hir, to throttle. 
p-lok' le'hir, to embrace. 
po'torg le'hir, to cut the throat. 



le'ka, dawdliig. 

le'kor, a word which may be 
used to form the numerals 
from twenty-one to twenty- 
nine. Cf. hlas. 
du'a le'kor, twenty-two. 
s-le'lcor, twenty-one. 
le'la, a swivel-gun. 

le'leh, m-le'leh, to flow, run (as 
liquids). Cf. linarg and aZir. 

le'loig (Port.), auction. 

Wlonj-kan, to sell by auction. 

lem'bak, m-lem'bak, overflow- 
ing; to overflow. 
lem'pah, m-hm'pah, abounding, 
abundant, plentiful ; t o 
lem'pali-kan, to give liberally, 

k-lem'pa-han, abundance. 

lem'par, m-lem'par, to throw, 
fling. Cf. lontar. 

ie'na, deep, sound (of sleep). 
Cf. llap and ryadar. 

le'iigab, m-le'rgdh, indolent; to 
loiter, delay. Cf. lambai. 

1eig:'korg, m-lerg'korg , to encircle, 

leig'kar, m-lerg'kar, a coil (of 
rope or a snake) ; to coil. 

le'raig, s-le'rarg, in one width (of 
mrorgs) as opposed to kam- 
poli, q.v. 

le'reig, kr.e'ta le'rerg, a bicycle. 

le'tir, h-le'tir, to babble, chatter. 

le'wat (Jav.), past = ZaZw; too 

li'aiig;, a hole; usually lobarg. 

War, wild (of animals) as op- 
posed to tame; of. bvas, 
which means wild in the 
sense of ferocious. 

li'at, tough, plastic, supple. 

ta'nah li'at, clay. 
li'chin, smooth, slippery. 

ba'tu li'chin, pebbles. 
li'dah, the tongue; pronuncia- 
li'dah a'pi, flames. 
a'nak li'dah, the uvula. 
pa'seh li'dah, eloquent. 
pi'tah li'dah, eloquent. 
li'dal (Port.), a thimble; also 

li'di, the midrib of a leaf of the 

coco-nut palm. 
li'hat, m-li'hat, (149), to look, 
see, perceive. Cf. pandarg, 
tergok and nampak. 
li'lia-ti, to look at, view. 
k-U-ha'tan, it was seen, there 

was seen (impers.). 
prg-li'ha-tan, the sense of sight ; 
a vision, a thing seen. 
li'Iin, wax; a candle. 
li'lit, m-li'lit, to twine, entwine 

(as a creeper). Cf. blit. 
li'ma, five. (For derived forms 
see ampat). 
li'ma wak'iu, the five stated 
X periods of prayers ; see wahtu. 
prglima, see prglima. 
li'mau, the generic name for 
oranges, limes and similar 
fruits. Cf. jrok. 
li'mau b-sar' and li'mau jam- 

hu'a, the pumelo. 
li'mau ma'nis, the orange. 
li'mau ni'pis, the lime. 
li'narg, her-li'narg, flowing; to 
flow (of tears). Cf. lelek 
and alir. 
lin'dorg, m-lin' dory , -kan, to 
shelter, cover, screen, pro- 
ber-lin'doiy, sheltered, shelter- 
ing oneself. 





fer-lin'do-rgan, shelter, that 
which affords a covering; 
privy, latrine. 

lin'taiig:, m-lin'tanf, across, trans- 
verse; to go across, traverse, 
pass over. Cf. lintas and 

lin''targ pu'Tcarg, higgledy-pig- 

lea'yu Un'iarg, cross-bar. Cf. 

lin'tas, m-lin'tas, to pass through, 
cross, penetrate (through a 
tract of country, or of wea- 
pons through the body) . Cf . 

li'or, a'yer li'or, saliva. 

li'pan, a large centipede = hlipan. 

li'pas, cockroach. 

ii'pat, m-li'pat, a- fold; to fold, 
double, turn down. Cf. 
Ii'pat lu'tut, to bend the knees. 
ber-li'pat, folded. 

li'put, m-li'put, to encompass, 

1-kak, l-Tcak-l-koh' , full of cavi- 
ties, uneven, undulating. 

l-kap', m-l-Tcap', to adhere (of 
flat surfaces). 

l-kas', quick, rapid; quickly, im- 
mediately. Cf. laryat, dras, 
I'ajii and pdntas. 
l-Tcas'han, to hasten, expedite. 

i-kat', m-l-haf (149), to stick, 
adhere ; to be fixed upon (of 
. the eyes). 

l-hat'Tcan, to cause to adhere, 
affix. Cf. Tcna and tampal. 

1-kok', dent, indentation, hollow, 
cavity ; dented, depressed, 
stove in. 
l-kalc-l-lcoh' , full of cavities, 
uneven, undulating. 

riah, labour, exertion, exhaus- 
tion, fatigue ; weary, exhaust- 
ed, tired. Cf. Iteh and pnat.. 

ber-hen'ti-kan I'lah, to rest 
after fatigue. 

ber-l'lah, to exert oneself. 

I-lap', deep, sound (of sleep).. 
Cf. lyadar and lena. 
ti'dor l-lap', to sleep heavily. 
I'mah, weak, powerless, deficient 
of strength. Cf. Iteli. 
I'mah Im'bot, gentle, mild,. 

h-Vma-han, weakness, debility. 

1-mak', suet, animal fat. Cf. 

I-ma'ri, wardrobe = almari. 

l-mas', smothered, suffocated. 

ma' a l-mas', to die of suffo- 
cation or drowning. 

l-mas'kan, to smother, suffo- 

Im-ba'ga, form, bodily shape, tbe 
material as distinguished 
from the spiritual. 

Im'bah, a valley, a depression. 

Im'bap, moist, damp. 

Im'bar, a strand, thread. 

Im'bek, soft, flabby, yielding to 
the touch. Cf. linboi. 

Im'biiKt a spear, ligliter than 
the tombah. Cf. sligi. 

Im'bot, soft, pliant, gentle, ten- 
der. Cf. ImbeJc. 
I'mah Im'bot, gentle, mild, 

Im'bot-kan, to soften, appease- 

Im'bu, the ox. Cf. snp'i. 
Im'bu b-ti'na, cow. 
Im'bu jan'tan, bull. 
a'nak Im'bu, calf. 

Im'poh, paralyzed. Cf. tepok. 



Jn'dir, slimy; sljme, phlegni, 

J'lgan, the arm. Cf. targan. 
Jn^'kap, equipped, fitted out, 
supplied or furnished with a 
necessary outfit. 

s-lig'l-ap, a complete outfit. 

ber-lrrj'hap, to prepare oneself, 
hold oneself in readiness. 

liy'kap-kan, to fit out, equip, 

1--1 ry-ka' pan, equipment, expe- 
dition, fleet. 

Ivg-ki'aig, a barn, granary for 

lilg'kat (B.), to stick = Ikat. 

lig'koiK, an arch, dome, semi- 
circle, ef LBt^iSir uri 

^In-iyap', to disappear, vanish. 
In-ryap'han, to cause to disap- 
pear, make away with. 

In'taig, t-ln'targ, -lying on the 

"In'tur, pliable, flexible. 

lo'ba (Sk.), coveteousness, cupid^ 
ity. Cf. im'a. 

lo'bak, Chinese radish. 

:io'barg;, a hole. Cf. liarg. 
lo'harg hi'dorg, the nostrils. 
lo'baiy ja'rom, the eye of a 

lo'harg Icun'chi, keyhole. 
her-lo'harg, perforated, having 
holes in it. 
lobok, see luhok. 
lo'cheig (Chin.), a bell. Cf. 

loh' (Ar.), slate; also papan loh. 
lo'kan, a shell-fish. 
lo'kek, mean, stingy. 
lom'botg, a surface mine, placer 

lom'pat, m-lom'pat, to jump, 
leap, spring, bound. 
lom'pa-ti, to jump on. 

lon'chat, m-lon'cKat, to jump (as 
fish), hop (as birds). 

Ioik', coffin. 

loig'gar, loose, slack, loose fit- 

loig'gok, a heap, pile. Cf. tom- 

loil^'kai^, drain, sewer. 

lon'tar, m-lnn'tar, -kan, to throw, 
fiing. Cf. lempar. 

lo'rorgj a street, lane, alley. Cf. 

losin, see dusin. 

lotar, see lontar. 

lo'ten? (Chin.), upper story; up- 
stairs. Cf. tirglcat. 

lo'toig, a kin4 of monkey. 

iD'y**" (Eng.), lawyer. 

Ipa, see alpa. 

l-pas', free, disengaged, let loose, 

released, acquitted, exempt; 

after, on the conclusion or 

expiration of some event". 

Cf. liichut. 
l-pas' de-ri-pa'da hu'targ, free 

from debt. 
l-pas' ma'kan, after eating. 
l-pas' sa'tu sa'tu, one tiling 

after another. 
l-pas' ti'ga ha'ri, after three 

s'o'rarg l-pas' s'o'rarg, one after 

her-l-pas', to escape. 
l-pas'kan, to set free, deliver, 

release, let go. 
k-l-pa'san, deliverance. 

si/ l-siiig' (B.), a sling = aZt-aK. 

",«- f\vum '. 



]-sorg', a mortar in which rice 
is pounded in order to re- 
move the husk. Cf. antan. 

1-tak', m-l-tah' , -kan, to , put 
down, lay down ; to lay down 
or prescribe laws or com- 
mands; to impose penalties. 
Cf. buboh and taroh. 
ter-l-tak', laid down, placed, 

1-teh', weak, feeble, infirm, lan- 
guid. Cf. Imah. 

1-top', m-l-top' (103), to explode, 

!u' (Chin.) (10), you; used only 
in addressing Chinese. 

lu'ar, out, outside, external. 
de'ri lu'ar, from outside. 
di lu'ar, outside. 
Ic-lu'ar, to the exterior, out; to 

go out, come out, issue (49, 

Jc-lu'ar-kan, to send out, put 

out, put forth (as fruit), 

expel, publish (books). 
Ti-Iu'a-ri, to go out to meet. 
h-lv'a-ran, extraneous, foreign, 


lu'as, extensive, vast, spacious. 
Cf. lebar and lapaiy. 
lu'as-kan, to extend, enlarge. 
k-lu'a-san, w'idje extent, 'range, 
latitude, freedom. 
lu'bok, a pool, a deep place in a 
river or in the sea; also 
lu'chut, escaped, liberated, dis- 
engaged, unfastened. 
lu'dah, ber-lu'daJi, saliva,, spittle ; 
to spit. 
lu'da-hi, to spit at, spit upon. 
p-lu'da-han, spittoon. 

lu'ka, wound; wounded. 

k'na lu'ka, to receive a wound. 

lu'ka-kan, to wound. 

lu'kah, a fish trap in the forra 
of a basket. 

lu'kis, m-lu'kis, to engrave. 

lu'loh, pulverised. Cf. lumat. 

lu'lus, admitted, allowed, con- 
ceded, complied with. • 
lu'lus-kan, to comply with, 
grant, permit. 

lu'mat, pulverised. Cf. luloh 
and serbok. 

lum'ba, ber-lum'ba, to compete, 
vie with, race. Cf. lawan. 
lum'ba ku'da, horse race. 

lu'mor, smeared, daubed. 

lumpoh, see Impoh. 

lum'pur, mud. Cf. beehak. 

lu'mut, moss, mould, fungus, 
lu'mut ka'rarg, sponge. 

lu'nas, keel. 

luiggu, see blurggu. 
lunjur, see urijur. 

lu'pa, m-lu'pa, -kan (148), to 

lu'ptiti to escape, slip away from. 

Cf. luchut. 

lu'roh, to fall (of dead leaves, 
ripe fruit, hair, etc.). Cf. 
s-luroh, see sluroh. 

lu'rus, straight, true, sincere. 
Cf. btul. 
hi'rus-kan, to straighten. 

lu'sa, the day after to-morrow. 
Cf. Mai. 

iutar, = loniar, q.v. 

lu'tut, the knee. 

Wpat lu'tut, to bend the knee. 
ber-lu'tnt, to kneel. Cf. tlut. 



ma"af (Ar.), pardon, forgive- 
ness. Also pronounced ma- 
hap. Cf. ampun. 

min'ta ma"af', to ask pardon. 

ma"af-lcan, to pardon, forgive. 

ma'bok, intoxicated, stupified, 

ma'bok da'rah, faint through 

loss of blood. 
ma'boh la'ut, sea-sick. 

ma'cham, kind, sort, method, 
manner. Cf. iagai and 

ma' cham,-ma' cham, of various 

kinds, all sorts. 
a' pa ma' cham, (18, 19), what 
Icind of? 
ma'dam (Bur.), a lady. 

ma'dat, opium prepared for 
smoking. Cf. apiun and 
hi'sap ma'dat, to smoke opium, 

madh'hab (Ar.), sect; usually 

ma'du (Sk.), honey. 
a'yer ma'du, honey. 
in'doh ma'du, honey-comb. 
maf-hum' (Ar.), understood; 
usually mfaham. 

magh'rib (Ar.), the sun-setting, 
the West; usually barat. 

ma'ha (Sk.), great, in the follow- 
ing expressions: 
ma'ha b-sar', very great. 
ma'ha ku-a'sa, almighty. 
ma'ha mu-li'a, most excellent. 
ma'ha mu'rah, most gracious. 
ma'ha-ra'ja, a great prince. 
ma'ha tirg'gi, most high. 

ma-hal', dear, high priced, diffi- 
cult to obtain. 
her'ga ma-hal', a high price. 

ma-ha-Ii'gai (Tarn.), palace; 
also maligai. 

ma'hap, to forgive, see ma'af. 

ma'hir (Ar.), skilful, expert. 

mah-ka'mah (Ar.), court of jus- 
tice, tribunal. 

mai'dan (Ar., arena), battlefield. 

ma'in, her-ma'in, to play, amuse- 
oneself, jest; to play musical 
instruments ; game, amuse- 
ment. berMa- L-^a^^i^^ 

ma'in cha'tur, to play chess. 
ma'in ga'sirg, to play tops. 
ma'in gi'la, to play the fool. 
ma'in ju'di, to gamble. 
ma'in ma'ta, to make eyes at ai 


ma'in su'lirg, to play the flute. 

ma'in wa'yarg, to act in a play. 

per-ma'i-nan, a game, sport, 


ma'j-lis' (Ar.), session, audience, 

assembly, council. 
ma'ju (Jav.), to go forward, pro- 
ma' jus (Ar.), magian, fire wor- 
mak', mother; also ihu. 
mak'-ba'pa, parents. 
m,ak' mu'da, and mak' sau- 

da'ra, aunt. 
mak' ti'ri, step-mother. 
ma'ka (133), a punctuation 

tna'kam (Ar.), a grave. 

ma'kan, m-ma'kan, to eat, con- 
sume, corrode, absorb. 

ma'kan a'rgin, to go for an air- 
ing or pleasure excursion. 

ma'kan chan'du, to take opium,, 
smoke opium. 

ma'kan da'lam, to penetrate- 
(as rust, acids or sharp 


ma'han ga'ji, to receive a sa- 
lary, work for wages. 

ma'kan hah', o'rarg, to rob a 
person of his rights, do an 

ma'kan mi'num, to eat and 

ma'kan na'si, to take a meal. 

ma'kan pa'gi, breakfast. 

ma'kan ra'chun, to take poison, 

be poisoned. 
■mM'kan ro'kok, to smoke the 
native cigarette. 

ma'kan s-hi-da'rgan, to eat to- 

ma'kan su-ap'^ to take a bribe. 

mM'kan sum' pah, to break one's 
oath, perjure oneself. 

i-ri' ma'kan, to feed. 
■ cha'ri ma'kan, to get a living. 

di-ma'kan a' pi, consumed by 

ha'his ma'kan, after eating. 

ma'ka-nan, food. 

makh'Iok (Ar.), creature, cre- 
ated being. Cf. jadi. 

ma'ki, m-ma'M, - abuse, scolding, 
vituperation ; to abuse, revile, 
call names. Cf. nista. 

ma'kin (95), more, the more. 
Cf. margiein and miiyhin. 
ma'kin... ma'kin. ., the more. . 

the more . . 
s-ma'kin, by so much the more. 

ma-ko'ta (Sk.), crown. 

mak'sud (Ar.), aim, object, pur- 
pose; sense, meaning. Cf. 
hndak and mau. ■.. 

ma'Iam, night; the Malays reck- 
on the; day to begin at 6 p.m., 
so the night belongs to the 
following day, ^nd therefore 
maiam. ahad / ia Saturday 
night, not Sunday night. 
ma'Iam ha'ri, night time. 


ma'Iam s-ka'raty, ma'Iam i'ni ^ 

or ma'Iam da'targ, to-night. 
ma'Iam ta'di, last night. 
ja'uh ma'Iam, late at night. ; 
.s-ma'lam, last night. 
si-arg' ma'Iam, day and night. 
t'rgah ma'Iam, midnight. 
ier-ma'lam, to pass the night. 

ma'Iaig, unfortunate, wretched. 
un'torg yarg ma'lar^, bad for- 

. tune. 
o'rarg ma'larg, a wretched fel- 
k-ma' la-rgan, misfortune. 

ma'las, lazy, idle. 

Malayu, see Mlayu. 

ma-li'gai (Tam.), palace; usual- 
ly istana. 

m'a'lim (Ar;), teacher, instruc- 
tor; pilot, guide, mate on a 

ma'Iu, shame, disgrace; ashamed, 

bashful, modest. 
b-ri' ma'lu, to cause shame or 
. disgrace to a person. 
k'na ma'lu, to be disgraced. 
k-ma'lu-an, shame, disgrace ; 

the private parts. 

m'a'luiti (Ar.), known, notorious. 
h-ri' m'a'lum, to make known. ■ 
m'a'lum-kan, to inform, make 
known. Cf. hri tahu. 

ma'mah, to chew, masticate. Cf- 
kulom. ' 

ma'tnak, uncle, aunt. 

ma-man'da, a polite form of 

mam'bang:,. certain supernatural- 
beings, spirits. 

itiam'pus, dead;, usually mati. 

m'^'mur (Ar.), populous, thick-, 
ly .inhabited. 



Qi'a'na (Ai'.)j sense, meaning, 
signification; (B.) a para- 
ble, allegory =Mas. Cf. arti. 

ma'na (18, 19), where? which? 
also (as an abbreviation of 

- hgimdna) how? 

ma'Hd ho'leh, how it is pos- 
sible ? 

■ma'na.. an'l-a, whichever vou 
.... like. 

ia'raty di ma'na, wherever. 

ba'rarg k^ma'na, whithersoever. 

t-gi-ma'na, how? in what way? 

de-ri-ma'na, whence ? 

di ma'na, where? 

di tna-na-ma'na, everywhere. 

h-ma'na, whither ? 

.a'raiy ma'na, which man? 

ma'na-lean, an abbreviation of 
bgimana akan, how will? 
how can ? how could ? 

man-dar'sah (Ar. madrasah, 
school), a village mosque; 
koran school ; also bandarsah. 
Cf. surau. 

man'di,. to bathe, take a bath. 

a'yer man'di, bathing water. 
: tm'pat man'di, bathroom. 

man'di-han, to bathe a person, 
give a person a bath. 

man'dul, barren. 

man'dur (Port.), an overseer. 

ma-nek-ma'nek, beads. 

nidilg:'ga, the mango. 

Tcun'chi marg'ga, a padlock. 

maijg^'gis, the mangusteen. 
niatg'kat, dead; to die (of kings 
and princes). 

mailgkin = mahin, q.v. 

, maiig'kok, cup, bowl, basin. Cf-. 
ehawan and bolcor. 

niatg'ku-bu'mi, prime minister. 
Cf . mntri and panjku. i. 

niarg'sa'(Sk.), prey. 

inaTni'kam (Tam.), precious 
stones, rubies, carbuncles. 

ma'nis, sweet, gentle, soft, , ami- 
lii'iam ma'nis, brown. 
ja'ri ma'nis, the fourth finger. 
ha'yu ma'nis cinnamon. 
hu'lii ma'nis, cinnamon. 
li'mau ma'nis, orange. 
ma'ni-san,. sweets, sweetmeats. 

man'ja, man'ja-lcan, spoilt; to 
spoil, indulge (a person). '■ 

man'^ukh (Ar.), abrogated, 

ma-nu-si'a (Sk.), mankind, man 
as distinguished from other 
beings, the human race. Cf . 

nia'ra (Sk.), injury, harm, mis- 
ma'ra bah'ya or . mer-bah'ya, 
danger, peril. , 

ma'rah and a-ma'rah, anger; 
• angry. Cf. murkd, gjisar, 
and gram. 

mar'hum (Ax.), the late, the de- 
ceased (usually of kings). ,,, 

ma'ri, hither, come,, come here ; 
(Penang). to come.. Cf. da- 
targ and sampai. 
k^ma'ri, hither. 

markah, see merkah. 

mar'mur (Ar.), marble. Cf. 

'mas', gold. 

'mai' kak'win, dowry. .'■ . . \ 
'mas' lan'chorg, spurious ■ gold. 
'mas' u'rai, gold dust. 
a'yer 'mas', gilding. . 
kor'ias 'mas' , gold leaf. 
'ma'si, to briber 
k'ma'san, gilt. ■ ■ 

., \ 



ha'in Vma'&an, material em- 
broidered or woven with gold. 

Tna'sa, usually ma'sa-kan, how 
can it be? how could it be? 

ima'sa (Sk.), time, period, epoch. 
Cf. waktu and zman. 
iermasa, see termasa. 

xna-sa'i'lah (Ar.), question, pro- 

ma'sak, ripe, cooked; to cook 
(86), smelt. Cf. tafiak. 
h-Jitm' ma'salc, unripe. 
ju-ru-ma'sak, cook. 

jna'sam, acid, sour ; also asam. 
ma'sam mu'ka, scowling, frown- 
ing, long-faced, sour. 

■ma'seh;' still. Cf. lagi. 

maseh, see almaseh. 

jnasehi, see msihi. 

nidsh'ghul (Ar.), troubled, dis- 
turbed in mind, sad. 

mash-hur' (Ar.), well-known, 

celebrated, famous. 
mash-hiir'kan, to make known, 

publish, divulge. 
inash'rik (Ar.), the suurising, 

the East; usually timor. 
•mash-wa'rat (Ar.),- her-ma-th- 

wa'fat, to consult, deliberate ; 

ma'si, still, yet; usually maseh. 
ma'sin, salt, saline {adj.) ; also 

asin. Cf. garam. 
ma-sii]g:-ma'sing, each, every. 

Cf. tiap. 
Ma'sir (Ar,.), Egypt. 
mas'jid (Ar.), mosque; usually 

:ma'sok, m-ma'sok (49), to enter, 
go in, penetrate. 
ma'sok Is'lam, to become a Mo- 

, ma' sol- Kns'ten, to become^ a 

ma'sok. irnu'lut, to interrupt, in- 
terfere. - 

ma'sok ta'rgan, to interfere. 

ha'wa ma'sok, to take in, intro- 

bri' ma'sok, to let in, admit. 

ma-ta-ha'ri ma'sok, sunset, the 

ma'sok-kan, to put in, cause, to 

ma'sok-kan da'lam pn-ja'ra, to 
put in prison, 

ma'ta, eve; the edge of a knife. 

ma'ta a'rgin, the main points 
of the compass. 

ma'ta a'yei', spring of water. 

nia'ia ba'jak, ploughshare. 

ma'ta bn' da, jewellery. 

ma'ta da'chi-iy, the scale of a 

ma-ta-lm'ri, the sun. 

ma-ta-ha'ri ma'sok, sunset. 

ma-ia-ha'ri ter'bit, sunrise. 

ma'ta ha'ti, spiritual percep- 

ma'ta i'kan, wart. 

ma'ta- ka"il, fishhook. 

ma'ta ka'in, the darker pattern 
on a saroig forming a ver- 
tical bar of colour. 

ma'ta ka'ki, ankle. 

ma'ta ka'yu, a knot in timber. 

ma'ta k-ris' , the blade of a kris. 

ma'ta ku'cliirg, catse5'e (a 
stone); an edible fruit. 

ma'ta lu'ka, the opening of a 

ma-ta-ma'ta, policeman. 

ma-ta-ma'ta g-lap', a detective. 

ma'ia p-do'man, the divisions 
on the compass card. 

ma'ta pi'sau, the blade or edge 
of a knife. 

ma' ta su'su, . nipple. 



a'nak ma'ia, pupil of the eye. 

a'yer ma'ta, tears. 

hi'hir ma'ta, the eyelids. 

hi'ji ma'ta, eyeballs. 

iu'lu ma'ta, eyelashes. 

cher'min ma'ta, spectacles. 

ch-lek' ma'ta, to open the eyes. 

e'kor ma'ta, the corners of the 

k-jam' ma'ta, to close the eyes. 

k-lo'.pak ma'ta, the eyelids. 

ma'in ma'ta, to make eyes at a 

p-jam' ma'ta, to close the ej'es. 

pu'teh ma'ta, disappointed. 

s-ma-ta-ma'ta, altogether, en- 

sb'lah ma'ta, one eve. 

s-l'-Kp' ma'ta. the 'twinkling of 
an eye. 

tn'targ ma'ta, right in one's 
eyes. ^ 

ma-ta-ha'ri, the sun; see mata. 
ma'ti, dead; to die; a fixture, 
fixed. Cf. mampus. 

ma'ti di-hu'noh, assassinated, 

ma'ti la' par, died of starvation. 

ma'ti l-mas', suffocated, drown- 

ma'ti pu'chok, impotent. 

a'tgin ma'ti, the wind has died 

ba'ris ma'ti, see 6am. 

g-ran' ma'ti, freehold. 

her'ga ma'ti, fixed price. 

i'kat ma'ti, to tie with a knot 
that will not slip. 

ja'ri ma'ti, the middle finger. 

ina-ta-ha'ri ma'ti, the West, 

o'lrarg ma'ti, a corpse. 

s-pa'roh ma'ti, half dead, 

tan'da ma'ti, see bari'i. 

ma'ti-kan, to kill. 

h-ma'ti-an, death, decease. 
ma-to'ka (Eng.)? motor car. 

mat'ros (D.), sailor. Cf. prahu^ 

mau' (45), to wish, desire: also- 

as an auxiliary verb, will^ 

shall, would, should. Cf. 


mau',. .mau! . ., either, .or. . 

mau' ta'mau', whether willing- 

or not, nolens volens. 
a' pa mau'? what do you want.. 
maut' (Ar.), death. Cf. mati. 
'a'lam maut', hades; also 'alanv 
ma'war (Pers.), rose. 
a'yer ma'war, rose water. 
bu'rga a'yer ma'war, the rose. 
ma'was, the "orang utang." 
ma'yaig, a cluster of flowers oni 

palm trees. Cf. klopak. 
mayas - mawas, q.v. 
ma'yat (Ar.), corpse, dead bodj 
(of hitman beings). Cf^ 
ma'yoigi a Malay theatrical per- 
formance. Cf. wayarg. 
maz'mur (Ar.), a psalm; see 

maz'hab, sect: also madhhab. 
'm'bek, to bleat (of sheep and] 

'm'boh, to be willing, agree. 

' m-boli-m'bo-han, although. 
'm'bun, dew. 
medan, see maidan. 
me'ga (Sk.), clouds. 
me'ja (Port.), a table. 
ja'ga me'ja, to wait at table. 
ia'roh me'ja, to lay the table. 
mem' (Eng.), madam, Mrs.^ 

lady. Cf. nonja. 
me'mang:, already, in the same- 
condition as before, always, 
invariably, naturally, o f 



me'rah, red. 

me'rah mu'da, pale red. 
me'rdh t-lor', the yoke of an 

me'rah tu'a, deep red. 
hu'da me'rah, a bay horse. 

inerak, see m,rah. 

-mer'bau, a timber tree. 

■mer'bok, a small turtle dove. 

TTier'chun, fire crackers, lire- 
works. Cf. ptas. 

•mer-d-he'ka (Jav.), freed from 
slavery, manumitted, free. 
Cf. dehas. 

mer'du (Sk.), soft, gentle, sweet 
(of sounds). Cf. manis. 

Tner-gas-tu'a (Sk. margasatwa), 
wild animals. 

me'reig, slanting, oblique. Cf. 
rrerg, chondrorg and serorg. 

mer'kah (Port.), the marks on a 

lead line, a soldier's badges 

of rank. 
■mer'kah, very fine cracks in por- 
uner-pa'ti (Sk.), pigeon, dove = 

(B.) hurorg komba. Cf. 

pergain, punai, thukur and 

mer-ta'bat (Ar.), high position, 

rank, station. Cf. pargTcat. 
■mer-tu'a (B.), father-in-law, 

mother-in-law = mntua. 
inesal, see mithal. 
me'wah, abundant. Cf. lempah. 

Ic-me'ica-han, abundance. 
m-f-ham (Ar. mafhum), to 

understand; see faham, 
■m-gah', fame, glory. 

m-gah'lran di'ri, to boast, exalt 

irthal, see mahal. 

mi'aii^, itchiness caused by the 
fine hair of the bamboo, and 
similar things. 
mi'ka, thou, thee = argJcau. 
mil' (Bng.), mile. 
mi'lek (Ar.), property, posses- 
mi.'le-ki, to possess, acquire. 
mim'bar (Ar. minhar), the pul- 
pit in a mosque. 
mim'pi, a dream; also (B.) m- 
ber-mim' pi, to dream. 
minarah, see mnarah. 
miiK'go (Port, doming o, lord), 
hari mirggo, the Lord's day, 
Sunday. Hence mirggo has 
come to mean a week. Cf. 
miigkin (B.), more, the more = 

mahin, q.v. 
mi'nit (Bng.), minute. 
min'ta, m-min'ta (86 b, 157), to 
request, ask for ; also pinta. 
min'ta a' man, to seek for peace. 
min'ta dm'pun, to ask for for- 
min'ta di'ri, to excuse oneself, 

take leave. Cf. mohon. 
min'ta do"a, to pray. 
min'ta jan'ji, to request the 

fulfilment of a promise. 
min'ta lea'seh, to ask a favour. 
min'ta ina"af, to beg pardon. 
min'ta pin' jam, to borrow. 
min'ta s'd-kah', to beg, ask for 

per-min'ta'an, request, prayer. 
mi'num, m-mi'num, to drink.' 
a'yer mi'num, drinking water. 
p-mi'num,, a drinker, drunkard. 

Cf. mdbok. 
mi.' nil-man, beverage. 
mi'iyak, oil, grease (animal or 
vegetable). Cf. Imak. 







■ mi'n/ak ia'bi, lard. 
vii'ryak hau-bau'an, perfumiBcl 

mi'ryah gas', mineral oil. 
■mi'iyal- ja'ralc, castor oil. 
mi'ryak k-la'pa, eoco-mit oil. 
mi'ryak sa'pi, beef fat. 
mi'ryal- ia'nali, mineral oil. 
. mi'-ryaJi tar', tar. 
mi'tya-l-i, to oil, anoint. 

mi'sai, moustache. Cf. kumis. 

misjid, see msjid. 

miski, see mski. 

mis'kin (Ar.), poor. Cf. pii|;a. 

mi'thal (Ar.), resemblance, si- 
milarity ; simile, metaphor, 
type; also pronounced mesa,l. 

tn-j-lis', pretty. 

m-j-lis', assembly] see majlis. 

ni-la"i-kat (Ar.), angel. 

mlainkan, see lain. 

M-lJEi'ka, a tree with edible fruit; 

the town of Malacca. 
- ba'tu M-la'ka, ilooring tiles. 
gu'la M-la'ka, coco-nut sugar. 

M-la'yu, Malay. 

b-ha'sa M-la'yu, the Malay 

' ta'nah M-la'yu, Malaya. 
mm'p-lai (Tam.), bridegroom; 

sometimes bride. Cf. prgan- 


m-na', in the phrases : 

d'rgan ii-a'da s-in-na' m-na' . 

without cause. 
ti-a'da t-per-m-na"i, incalcul- 
able. Cf. kira. 
mnafik, see munafik. 

m-naig', victorious ; to win, gain 

the victory. Cf. alah. 
' ■ m-narg'ka)i, to cause to win, 
., ' give the victory to. 

P^ }yi-n«^H'5 ('A<tJi'^*yV 

k-m-na'rgan, victory. ' • ' 

m-nan'tu, son-in-law, daughter- 

m-na'rah (Ar.), a tower, minar- 

mn-di'kai, water melon. 

mn-d-roiig;', reed grass, sedge. 

m-Tgah', ter-m-igah'-m-rgah' , pan- 

ni-is:a'pa, why; see apa. 

mrg-ka'roig, a kind of lizard = 

mi^'ku-aii;, the screw pine; see- 

biykvarg. ^ 

mniaga, to trade ; see niaga. 
mft-je'la (B.), window = jndeJ a. 
m-nim'pi (B.), dream = mHW77t. ■> 

mn'tah, unripe, iijicooked, raw.. - 

mn-te'ga (Port.),butterf 1W»»^' 

mn't-ri (Sk.), minister, states- 
man ; one of the pieces in the- 
game of chess : see chatur. 
per-da'na m,n't-i-i, prime minis- 

mn-tu'a, father-in-law, mother- 
in-law =(B.) mertua. 

mo'dal (Tam.), invested funds,, 
capital. Cf. pokok. 

mohon, see pohon. 

mo'lek, beautiful, lovely. 

moiyet, see miinryit. 

mo'roig, melancholy, gloomy. 

ntp'yaig, great-grandfather, an- 
cestor. Cf. nenek. 
ne'nek mo'yaiy, ancestors. 

'm'paig, to .bar, stop, check, dam. 

'mpat, see ampat.. 

'm-pek (B.) (Chin.), uncle: a 
form of address to fathers 



'm'piig, green ricfe roasted and 

'm'pok, mealy, soft (of cooked 
., vegetables), tender ( o f 
■■ 'flesK). 

'mpuiya, see ampunja. 
m-rak', a peacock • 
■m-ran'ti, a common timber tree. 
m-ri'am, a cannon; ordnance. 
m-rl'ka, persons, people (only 
tisijd in writings). 
m-ri'ka i'tu, they, them. 

m-ri'iyu (Port.), police inspec- 

msh.warat, see mashwarat. 

in-si'hi and ma'se-hi' (Ar.), 
Christian, of or belonging to 
the Messiah; also Kristen. 

o'rarg in-si'hi. Christians. 

ta'rihh m-si'hi and ta'hun ni- 
si hi, the year of the Christ- 
ian era, A. D. 

ms'jid (Ar.), mosque; also msgit. 
Cf. surau and mandarsah. 

ms'ki (Port.), although, notwith- 
standing ; also mshi-pim. 
Cf. surggoh. 

'mstahil, see mustahil. 

ms'ti, must. Cf. psti. 

mt'rai, seal, stamp. Cf. chap. 
■ mt'rai-han, to seal, stamp. 

mu (13), an abbreviation of the 
2nd personal pronoun Tcamu; 
wben affixed to a noun it has 
the force of a possessive pro- 

imu-a-fa'kat, ier-mu-a-fa'Tcat 
(Ar.), agreement; to agree, 
unite, consult together. Cf. 
fahat, which is generally used 
in a bad sense.- 

mu-'a'laf (Ar.)', proselyte, eon- 

mu'at, to contain. Cf. isi. 

mu'at-kan, and m-mu'at, to 
stow (cargo), put things into 
a box, cart or ship. Cf. isi. 

mu'a-tan, cargo, load. 

mu'da, young, immature, unripe; 

pale (of colours). Cf. mn- 

la'gi mu'da, still young. 
me'rah mu'da, pale red. 
o'rarg mu'da, a youth. 

mu'dah, easy. Cf. snarg. 

pan'darg mu'dah, to slight, 

make light of. 
mu'dah-kan, to esteem lightly, 
despise. . 
' mu-dah-mu' da-Iian, perchance, 
if possible. 

mu'dek, to ascend a river, go up 
stream; also udeh. Cf. hilir 
and hulu. 

mudi, see kniudi. 

mu-ga-itiu'ga (Jav.), oh that! 
would that! 

m'u-ji'zat (Ar.), miracle, won- 

mu'ka, face. 

mu'ka a'yer, the surface of the 

mu'ka ma'nis, a pleasant ex- 
pression .of face. 
mu'ka ma'sam, scowling, frown- 
ing, long faced. 
mn-ka-mti'ka, hypocritical. ' 
rriu'ka pa'pan, inlpertinent. ' 
mu'ka su'rat, a page of a book. 
mu'ka t-baV , shameless, brazen- 
a'rarg di mu'ka, disgrace, in- 
• suit. . ,-, 

a'yer mu'ka, complexion. 
cher'min mu'ka, looking-glass. 



• di mu'Tca, in the fore part (of a 
di mu'ka pin'tu, in front of the 
(,■ door, at the door. 
mu'kah, paramour; adultery. 
her-mu'Tcah, to commit adul- 
mu'kim (Ar.), a district. Cf. 

mu'Ia (Sk.), beginning, origin, 
mu-la-mu'la, at first, first of 

ber-mu'la and s-ber-mu'la 

(133), punctuation words. 
s-mu'la, as at first, as before, 

over again. 
mn-la"i, to begin. 
per-mu'la'an, beginning, com- 
mu-Ji'a (Sk.). glorious, illustri- 
ous, honorable, magnificent. 
inu-li'a-han, to honoury glorify. 
h-mu-K'a'an, glory, splendour. 

mu'lut, mouth. 

- mu'lut ho'chor, tell-tale, blab. 
mu'lut ho'tor, foul-mouthed. 
. mu'lut ma'nis, smooth tongued, 
ha'wa mu'lut, to talk scandal, 
_ • . gossip. 

hi'hir mu'lut, the lips. 
rga' rga-han mu'lut, to open the 
mu"min (Ar.), believer. Cf. 
o'rarg mu"min, the faithful. 

mu-na'flk (Ar.), hypocrite; hy- 
pocritical. Cf. pura-pura. 

mun'choiig;, prominent, project- 
ing (of the nose, lips, etc.) ; 
snout. Cf. jurgor. 

mun'kir (Ar.), to disavow, dis- 
own, renounce, retract, deny. 
Cf. sargkal. 

mun'ij^it and mu'iyit, monkey. 

mun'shi (Ar., author), a teacher 

of languages. Cf. guru. 

mun'tah, m-mitn'tah, -lean, vo- 
mit; to vomit. 

mu'rah, generous, liberal, bene- 
volent; cheap. 
h-mu'm-han, generosity, liber- 

mu'rai, the magpie-robin. 

mu'rid (Ar.), pupil, scholar, dis- 

.mur'ka (Sk.), angrv; wrath 
(of kings or of God). Cf. 
mar ah. 
mur'Jca'i, to be angry with. 

muroig, see mororg. 
mur'tad (Ar.),. apostate, pervert, 
renegade. Cf. mu'alaf. 

tnu'saig, a species of civet cat. 
mu'sarg j-bat', polecat, civet 
mush'kil (Ar.), difficult. 

mu'sim (Ar.), season of the year, 

mu'sim bu'ah, the fruit season. 

mv'sim di'rgin, the cold season. 

mu'sim hu'jan, the rainy sea- 

mu'sim h-ma'rau, the dry sea- 

mu'sim pa'nas, the hot season. 

mu'soh, enemy of one's country, 
common enemy, as opposed 
to strii, a personal enemy. 

.mus'li-hat (Ar.), arrangement, 
stratagem, trick. 

mtis-ta"id (Ar.), prepared, 

mus-ia'hil (Ar.), impossible. 

mu-ti-a'ra, a pearl. 

a' yam mu-ti-a'ra, guinea fowl. 



indole mii-ti-a'ra, mother-of- 

mu'tu, the degree of purity of 
'mas' s-pu'loh mu'hi, pure gold. 


na'bi (Ar.), a prophet. 

na-bi'ah (Ar.), prophetess. 

na'bu-at (Ar.). prophecy; pro- 
perly nuhuat. Cf. nahi. 
ber-na'hu-at. to prophesy. 

na'di (Sk.), the pulse. 

na'fas (Ar.), breath, respiration. 
ber-na'faS; having breath or 
life. Cf. lyaiva. 

na-fi'ri (Pers.), trumpet. 

naf'kah (Ar.), expenses, cost of 

naf'su (Ar.), desire, appetite, 
ha'irn naf'su, sensual desires. 
naf'su du'ni-a., worldly desires 
or lusts. 

Tia'ga (Sk.), dragon, fabulous 

■nah'(133), there; &]&o = lah. 
na'hu (At.), grammar. 

na'ik, to go up, come up, ascend, 
rise, mount. Cf. daki. 

na'ik da'rat, to go ashore. 

na'ik ha'ji, to perform the pil- 
grimage to Mecca. 

na'ik her'ga, to rise in price. 

na'ik ka'pdl, to go on board a 
ship from a boat. Cf . turun. 

na'ik k-re'ta, to ride in a carri- 

na'ik ku'da, to mount a horse; 
on horseback. 

na'ik mm'p-Iai, to be a bride- 

iw'ik parg'kai, to rise in rank. 
na'ik p-ra'hu, to go on board a 

na'ik ra'ja, to become king. 
na'ik sak'si, to become a wit- 
na'ik tu-run, to go up and down 

(as a road in hilly country) . 
na'i-ki, to mount upon, get up 

on, climb on to. 
na'ik-kan, to raise, elevate, 

cause to ascend. 
k-na'i-kan, that on which one 

mounts, a horse, elephant, 

carriage or ship. 

na'jis (Ar.), ceremonially un- 
na' jis-kan, to defile. 
nak', abbreviation of hndak. 
na'kal, naughty. 

n^-kho'da (Pers.), the captain 
of a ship. Cf. kapitan. 

'nani, see anam. 

na'ma (Sk.), name. 

na'ma hu'sok, a bad reputation. 

na'ma yarg ha'ik, a good repu- 

her-na'ma, named, called. 

ter-na'ma, famous. 

na'ma'i, to name, give a name 
to, call. 

k-na'ma'an, renowned. 

nam'pak, to appear, be visible; 
also tampak. Cf. lihat and 

na'nah, pus, matter. 

na'nas, pineapple. 

naig'ka, the jack fruit. Cf. 

nan'ti, m-nan'ii, to wait; used 
colloquially as an auxiliary 
verb to express the future 



nan'U. d-hu'lu, wait a bit. 
m-nfin'ti-nan'ti, to keep wait- 
nan'ti-han, to await, wait foi. 

-nar-was'tu, spikenard. 

na'sar (Ar.), vulture; usually 
bur org nasar. 

na'$i, boiled rice. Cf. bras and 

Tc-rak' na'si, the burnt crust 

left in the pot after cooking 

ma'kan na'si, to take a meal, 

lit., to eat rice. 

na'sib (Ar.), fate, destiny, lot in 
" • life. 

na'si-hat (Ar.), exhortation, ad- 
vice, admonition. 
nd'si-iiat'kan, to advise, exhort, 

nas'khah (Ar. nuskhah), manu- 

nas-ra'ni (Ar.), Christian, es- 
pecially Eoman Catholic. 
Cf. srani. 

na'Woii:, shade, shadow, shelter; 
also na'org. Cf. hayarg. 
na'wo-rgi, to overshadow, shel- 

'nche', see inclie. 

'ndah, see indah. 

'ndap, see hndap. 

neg'ri (Sk.), country, state, ter- 
ritory, city, town. Cf. ia- 
nah, bnua and bandar. 

neg'ri a'sirg, a foreign country. 

neg'ri o'rarg, a country other 
than one's own. 

a'nalc neg'ri, native of a place. 

i'si neg'ri, inhabitants of a town 
or country. 

k-pa'la neg'ri, the capital of a 

n'emat, see n'iniat. 
nen'da, polite form of neneJc. 
ne'nek, grandfather, grand- 
mother. Cf. datoh. 
ne'nek mo'yarg, ancestors. 
y da'tok ne'nek, ancestors. 
I nesan, see nishdn. 
vga'vga and ter-rga'rga, open (of 
the mouth or a door). 
rga'rga-kan mu'lut, to open the 

it^a'uiTi, m-rga'um, to roar (of 
tigers). 5W- Au"'>( 

'ig-chek (B.) (Chin.), uncle; a 
form of address to fathers 
and other elderly persons. 

'ig'gan, to object, refuse, be un- 
rg'gan-kan, to refuse or reject 
a thing. 

'ig'gaig, the hornbill or rhino- 
ceros bird. 

rgilu, see njilu. 

'igkau, see argkaii. 

'vg-ko' (B.), elder brother. 

'ig-koa"' (B.), father-in-law. 

'ig-korg' (B.), grandfather. 

'ig-ku' (B.), mother's brother. 

ig-ri', to shiver, shudder; ter- 
rible, horrible. 

ni-a'ga, ber-ni-a'ga and m-n!- 
a'ga (Sk.), to trade; also- 
per-n i-a'ga'an, trade, commerce. 

ni'at (Ar.), intention, purpose, 
resolution, vow. 
ba'yer ni'at, to pay a vow. 
ber-ni'ai, to intend, make a re- 
solution or vow. 

ni'boig, a palm, the wood of 
which is verv hard and dura- 

HF-Sf^ xi rJ«^T/^ 



iii'kah (Ar.), marriage; to 
marry. Cf. hahtvin. 
'ni'kQ,h-lcan, to unite in mar- 

ni'la (Sk.), indigo. 

ni'lai, m-ni'lai, -kan, valuation; 
to value. 

ni'Iam (Tarn.), the sapphire. 

n'i'mat (Ar.), favour, benefit, 

grace ; pleasure, enjoyment, 


ni'pah, a palm-like plant which 
grows in marshy land. 

ni'pis, thin (as opposed to t-baV, 
thick). Cf. tipis and halus. 

ni'ra, the sap of the coco-nut 
j..<rsu palm, which becomes tuak 

by fermentation. 

.^^ nischaya, see nschaya. 

^^^ ni'shan (Pars.), gravestone, 
monument; also nesan. 

nis'ta, m-nis'ta, -kan, abuse, in- 
vective; to abuse, insult. 

n-la'yan (Sk.), fisherman. 
nntiasa, see sntiasa. 

no'bat or nau'bat (Ar.), a large 
drum used only by reigning 

noktah, see nuktah. 

nom'bor (Eng.), number. 

nona, se? notya. 

bu'ah no'na, the custard apple. 

no'iya, married woman, Mrs. 
(in the Straits used only of 
Chinese women ; in the 
Dutch Indies, n/orya = mar- 
ried woman, whether Euro- 
pean or Chinese, and nona = 
a young unmarried woman). 

n-ra'cha (Sk.), a balance, scales. 
Cf. dachirg and timbaiy. 

n-ra'ka (Sk.), hell. Cf. jhan- 

ns-cha'ya (Sk.) (138), certain- 
ly. Cf. tntu. 

'n'tah, it is doubtful, it is un- 
known, I don't know. 
'n'tah. .a'tdu. ., whether, .or. . 

'n'tak, to bump. 
nubuat, see nabuat. 
nugraha, see anugrah. 
nu'jum (Ar., stars), astrology; 
also 'ilmu 'n-nujum. 
ali'lu 'n-nu'jum, astrologers. 

nuk'tah (Ar.), vowel points, dia- 
critical marks. Cf. baris. 
nur' (Ar.), light. 
nu'ri, paroquet. 
lya (13, 24), his, hers, its. 
lya'dar, deep, profound (of 

sleep). Cf. llap. 
lyah', go away! be gone! to go 
ryah'kan, to send away, drive 
lya'la, m-rya'la, flame; to blaze. 
ber-rya'la, flaming, blazing. 
rya'la-kan, to cause to blaze 
up. Cf. galak. 
lya'man, health ; healthy, in good 

health. Cf. sihat. 
lya'mok, mosquito. 
lya'iyi, m-rya'ryi, to sing. 

rya'ryi-an, song. 
lya'riig, loud, shrill (of sounds). 
su-a'ra yarg rya'rirg, a loud 

rya'rirg-kan su-a'ra, to raise 
the voice. 
lya'ris, almost, nearly. Cf. liam' 

i^^a'ta, plain, evident, clear, ma- 

. .' nifest. Cf. trarg. 



nja-ta-iya'ia, openly. 
d'njan rya'ia, openlj'. 
nja'ta-kan, to make manifest, 

expose, reveal, explain, prove. 
k-rya'ta'aih explanation, proof, 

manifestation, revelation. 

jya'wa, life, the vital principle. 

Cf. hayat and jiwa. 
nja-wa-rya' wa i'kan, more dead 

than alive. 
bii-ary' rya'wa, to risk one's 

her-iya'u-a, having life, living. 
lyi'Iu, the sensation of having 

the teeth set on edge; also 


lyi'rii, an instrument used for 
winnowing rice and other 

lyi'ur, the coco-nut palm. Cf. 
hii'ali nji'iir, the coeo-nut. 

lyoiya, see norya. 


o'bah, to change, alter (intrans.). 
Cf. aleh and tukar. <iA>"ub3.^ 
o'bah-kan and m-rgo'bah, to 
change, make different, alter. 
o'bah-kan jan'ji, to break a 
o'bat, medicine. 

o'bat b-diV , gunpowder. 

o'bat gu'na, charm, magic. Cf. 

hobatan and sihir. 
k-dai' o'&ai, dispensary. 
tu'karcj o'bat, apothecary, drug- 
o'ba-ii, to cure. 
o'doh, ugly. 

o'fls (Eng.), office. Cf. gudarg. 
ogot, see ugot. 
o'fah, manner, way. 
s'o'lah and s'o-lah-o'lah, as if. 

o'lak, eddy, backwater, sheltered 
side of buildings, etc. 

o'leh (106), by, through, by 
means of. 

ber-o'leh, to possess, own, ob- 
tain possession of. 

ber-o'leh ja'sa, to get credit for 
a good work. 

ber-o'leh per-min'ta'an, to ob- 
tain a request. 

b o'leh (45), able, can, may, 

2wr-o'le-han, the thing obtain- 
ed, acquisition. 

o-lok-o'Iok, to mock, jest, jeer 

om'bak, wave, billow. Cf. alun 
and qlombarg. 

o'nak, the spines of the rattan 
palms. Cf. duri. 

otg'gas, bird; usually burorg. 

oiig'ka, a species of monkey, the 

ong;'kos (D.), expenses; usually 

on'ta, camel. 

bu'rorg on'ta, ostrich. 

o'pau (B.) (Chin, io-pau), 

o'raig (84, 154), a person, in- 
dividual, man, people, per- 
sons. Cf. manusia, which 
means man as distinguished 
from other beings. 

o'rarg a'nu, a certain man. 

o'varg a'sirg, a stranger. 

o'rarg ba'ryak, the people, the 
populace, a crowd. 

o'raixj b-nu'a, aborigines. 

o'rarg b-sar', chief, headman. 

o'rarg bu'kit, wild tribes. 

o'rarg da'garg, a foreigner. 

o'rarg da'ldm, royal household. 



o'rarg du'sun, a man from the 

o'rarg ga'ji, a hired man, ser- 

oWarg gi'la, lunatic. 

o'rarg hu'lu, people of the in- 

o'rarg hu'tan, wild man of the 
junglCj uncouth fellow. 

o'rarg Is'lam, a Mohammedan. 

o'rarg ja'ga, a watchman. 

o'rarg ja'min, one who stands 

o'rarg ka'fir, unbelievers (non- 
Mohammedans), a term of 

o'rarg ha'ya, rich man; a title 
of Malay chiefs. 

o'rarg h-ha'rya-han, the com- 
mon people, the majority. 

o'rarg Kris'ten, Christians. 

o'rarg ku'lit Mtam, dark- 
skinned races. 

o'rarg la'ut, sea-faring men, a 
tribe of Malays. 

o'rarg War, wild tribes. 

o'rarg ma'na, which man ? who ? 

o'rarg ma'ti, a corpse. Cf. 

o'rarg mu'da, young man, 

o'rarg mu"min, the faithful, 

o'rarg, pen'deh, a short person. 

o'rarg ■ pu'teh, white-skinned 
races, Europeans. 

o'rarg sa'hai, an aboriginal tribe 
of the Malay Peninsula. 

o'rarg sa'ldh, convict, prisoner. 

o'rarg s-kam'porg, neighbours. 

o'rarg 8-ra'ni, Eurasian. Cf. 

o'rarg t'rgah, middle-man, 

o'rarg tu'a, old man, father, 

o'rarg u'pa-han, day labourer, 


ha'ryak o'rarg, many persons. 

bu'kan ha-rarg-ha'rarg o'rarg, no- 
ordinary man, a remarkable- 

her'ta o'rarg, another person's 

ka'ta o'rarg. it is said. Cf. ho- 

neg'ri o'rarg, a country other- 
than one's own. 

s'o'rarg, a person, someone. 

s'o'rarg a'kan s'o'rarg, with one 

s'o'rarg di'ri, alone. 

s'o'rarg du'a, one or two per- 

s'o'rarg, I'pas s'o'rarg, one after- 

s'o'rarg, s'o'rarg, one at a time. 

ba'rarg s'o'rarg, whoever. 

o'tak, brain. 

o'tak tu'larg, marrow. 
o'to (B.) (Chin, io-to-), binder 
for children. 

o'yoJi:, ter-o'yorg-o'yorg, swaying^ 

pa', father. Cf. hapa and ayahJj ..^ 

pa'chai, species TTSed on" bodies \ 
when buried. 

pa'chai, slave. 

pa'chat, the small jungle leech, 

pa'chu, m-ma'chu, a spur, goad;, 
to spur on, urge on. 

pa'da, sufficient, satisfactory. Cf.. 
m-ma'da'i, to suffice. 

pa'da, at, on, to, according to. 
deri-pada, see deri. 
Tc-pa'da, to (usually of per- 
sons) . 



pa'dam, extinguisliecl. put out 
(of fire and anger). 
pa'ilain-l-an, to extinguish. 

pa'dan, proper, fit, adapted, suit- 
ed to. Cf. patut and layah. 

:pa'daiig:, a plain, open country, 
as distinguished from jungle. 

pa'di, the rice plant; rice in the 
husk. Cf. bras and nasi. 

pa'di la'darg, rice grown in dry 

pa'di sn'wah , rice grown in irri- 
gated fields. 

tuin'bok pa'di, to pound rice in 
a mortar to remove the husk. 

pa'd-ri (Port.), a priest, used of 
the Protestant clergy as well 
as of the Eoman Catholics. 
Cf, ffiiru and pndita. 

paduka, see pduka. 
pa'edah, see fa'idah. 
pa'gar, fence, hedge, palisade, 
stockade, wall, enclosure. 
pa'gar bu'lan, a halo round the 

pa' gar-kan, to fence in, enclose. 

pa'gi, morning ; Slso pa'gi ha'ri. 
pa-gi-pa'gi. early morning. 
ma'kan pa'gi, breakfast. 
pa' gut, m-ma' gut, to peck, bite 
(of birds and snakes). Cf. 

pa'ha, thigh. 

. parg'hal pa'ha, the hip. 
pa-ha'la (Sk.), reward, recom- 
pense. Cf. balas. 
paham, see faliam. 
pa'hat, m-ma'hat, -han, chisel ; to 
, chisel, carve. 

pa'hit, bitter. 

pah-li'wan (Pers.), hero, cham- 
pion; courageous. 

pa'jak (D.), contract, monopoly, 
" farm " ; to f arni, take a con- 

pa'jah chan'du, opium farm. 

pa'jak ga'daij pawnbroker's 
pa'kai, m-ma'kai, -kan, to use, 
make use of, wear, put on, be 
clothed. Cf. kna. 

pa'kai-an, clothes. 

pa'kai-an ku'da, harness 

pa'kai, iv-iiia'kal, to caulk. 

pa'kan, the woof in weaving. Cf. 

I org sin. 
pa'kau (Chin.), a card game. 

pa'kat (Ar.. fakat), to confer, 
consult with, consult to- 
■ getlier, plot, come to an 
agreement; see fakat. 

pak'sa, favourable (of wind or 
opportunities) . 

pak'sa, m-mak'sa (Sk.), to coin- 
pel, force. Cf. gagah. 

pa'ku, a nail, spike. 

pa'ku s-k-rup' , screw. 
pal', in the phrases: 
bu-atg' pal' , to tack. 
ber-pal-paV , tacking, beating to 
pa'la (Sk., fruit), the nutmeg 
bu'ah pa'la, the nutmeg. 
bu'rga. pa'la, mace. 
pa'larg:, cross-bar, . transverse 
beam; see alarg. Cf. lintarg. 
pa'las, a generic name for fan 

pa'Iiig (Jav.), very, exceedingly, 
most (used with adjectives to 
form the superlative degree). 
pa'liiig, ber-pa'lirg, to turn the 
head or the whole body. 
pa'lirg-kan, to turn {trans.) ^ 



pa' lis, m-ma'lis, to turn the head; 

pa'lit, m-ma'lit, to smear, daub.- 

pal'kah (naut.). a hatch. 

pa'long;, trough, manger; also 

pal'su (Port.), false, spurious. 

pa'lu, m-ma'lu, to strike, beat 
(with a stick) ; also used- of 
striking certain musical in- 
struments, and of the chas- 
tening of God. Of. gasak 
and idal. 

pa'man, uncle ; a form of address 
to elderly men. 

pa'nah,'nah„ a bow (the 
weapon of' that name) ; to 
shoot with , the bow. Cf . 
a'vak pa' nail, arrow. 

pa'nas, heat, warmth, sunshine; 
hot, warm (of temperature 
or anger, but not- hot of 
spices, which is pdas). Cf. 

pa'nas ha'ti, anger. 

pa'nas t-rch', extremely hot (of 
the weather). 

Im'jan pa'nas, rain during sun^ 

mu'sim- pa'nas, the hot season. 

u-am' pa'nas, prickly heat. 

pa'nau, a disease causing large 
white patches on the skin. 

pan'cha (Sk.), five, in the ex- 
pressions — 

pan'cha-in'd-ra, the five senses. 

pan' cha-per-ia' da, bathing pa- 

pan'cha-wer'na, variegated. 

pan'chaiig;, a peg, a stake driven 
in to tie a boat to, a pile. 
Cf. '.galah. 

pan'char, m-man'char, t6 shdot 
put, spurt out ■ (as liquids, 
rays of light, etc.). Cf. 

',' ■ panchiir. ■ ; 

pan'chin^, m-man' chirg (Jav.), 
to fish with the line ; = Malay 
ka'il. ■ 

pan'chon^, the extremity of a 
garment ; to cut off the end^ 
of anything, cut off the head' 
Cf. prggal. 
pan'chur, to spurt out horizon- 
.. . tally or downwards. Cf. 
pan'chu-ran, gutter, water-pipe, 
• eaves' trough. Ci.saluran. 

pan'chut, to spurt upwards (of 
liquids). ' •• ■■ 

pan'dai (146), skilful, expert, 
clever; a skilled workman. 
Cf. bijah. 

. pan'dai b-si', blacksmith ; usual- 
ly tukarg bsi. 
h-pan'dai-an, skill, proficiency, 

pandak, see pendeh. 

pan'dan, the screw-pine. Cf. 

pan'daitg;, m-man'darg (149), to 
look, look at, behold, gaze at. 
Cf. lihat and tergok. 

pan'darg mu'dah, to look down 
on. ; 

p-man-da'tgan, sight, •View4 

pandita, see pndita. 

paigef an, See prgeran. 

I^aiiggal, see-piygal. , 

paig'gais:, roasted ; to roast. Cf.' 
.. .diarg siJidjrarg. .y^, ,. 

paii^'gil, m-maty'gil, tb ca,ll,'send 

for, call by name, itivitfei 
paig'goig, a stage, platf^iftai 



ru'mah parg'goiy, a house built 

on poles. 

paiig:'kai, the basal end of a thing, 

as the trunk of a tree, the 

haft of a weapon, etc. 

parg'hal hi'dorg, the bridge of 

the nose. 
parg'lcal pa'ha, the hip. 
■^\a.i^ paiy'i:0'-lan, landing place. 
<i paig'kat, stage, platform, tier; 

rank, position; see argkat. 
pang'ku, m-marg'Tcu, the lap; to 
eaKry on the. lap or bosom, or 
in the arms ; to hold supreme 
authority, govern in place of 
parglJcu-an, the lap or bosom. 
marg'Tcu bu'mi, prime minister. 
paiglima, see prglima. 
paiig;'sa, sections of certain fruits, 

as oranges, durians, etc. 
pan'jai^ (36, Note), long; length 
(both of time and distance). 
Cf. lanjut and lama, 
pan'jarg ha'ti, patient, forbear- 
pan'jarg K'dah, talkative, gar- 
pan'jarg pen'dek, of unequal 

s-pan'jarg ha'ri, all day long. 
s-pan'jarg ja'lan, all the way. 
pan' jarg-kan., to lengthen, pro- 
long. , 
pan'jat, m-man'jat, to . climb, 
climb ' up. Cf . naih and 
pan-ji-pan'ji, banner. Cf. turg- 

pan'tai, shore, beach, bank (of 

the sea' or of a river). 

pan'tais:, m-man'iatg, -han, pro- 

! hibited, tabooed ; to prohibit, 

abstain from. Cf. lamrg and 

tgah. , 

pan'tas, agile, nimble, smart, 

pan'tat, the base, lower or hinder 
part of a thing; the buHocks_ 
Cf. purggorg and buntut. 

pan'tun, rhyming. verses of four 
lines. Cf. gurindam auci *•- 
ber-pan'iun, to improvise oi re- 
cite pantuns. 

pa'pa (Sk.), poor, in want, neces- 
sitous. Cf. misJiin 

pa'pan, plank, board. 

pa' pan cha'tur, chessljoard. 

pa'pan cho'lci, a draughtboard' 

.pa'pan lan'iai, floor boards. 
' pa'pan loh', a slate. 

mu'Tca pa'pan, impudent. 

ru'mah pa'pan, a house built of 

pa'ra, shelf. 

pa' rah, severe (of wounds). 

pa'raig, m-ma'rarg, a chopping- 

knife ; to cut with such a 

knife or a sword. Cf. ttak. 

i'kan pa'rarg, a very bony fisk 

shaped like a sword. 
yu' pa'rarg, the saw-fish. 

pa'ras, the face, countenance. 
pa'rau, hoarse. Cf. garau, 
pa'ri, the skate and similar fish.. 
pa'rit, a trench, ditch, channel. 
paroh, see sparoh. 
pa'rbh, beak, bill (of birds) . Cf. 

pagitt and patoh. 
Parsi, see Farsi. 
pa-ru-pa'ru, the lungs. 
pa'rut, a scar. Cf. bilur. 
pa'rut, to rasp, grate. 
, pa'ru-tan, a rasp; a board on. 

■ which coco-nut is grated. 
pa'sak, a spike, wooden peg. 



pasal, see j'aml. 

pa'saig, iii-iiia'sarg, to fit to- 
gether, set, fix, fasten, adjust 
as in putting up machinery, 
harnessing horses, setting 
traps, etc.) ; to set fire to, 
light a fire, discharge fire- 
arms; flood tide. Cf. rakit 
and susun. 

jja'sarg a' pi, to light a fire. 

pa'sarg h-diV , to fire a shot. 

pa'sarg gon'dah, neap tide. 

pa'saig j-rat' , to set a snare. 

pa'sarg p-Ii'ta, to light a lamp. 

pa'saig p-noli' , high tide. 

pa'sarg t-li'rga, to listen. 

a'yer .pa'sarg, flood tide. 

s-pa'satg, a pair. 

pa'sar (Pers.), market. Cf. 

pi: an. 

pa'seh (Ar. fasih), eloquent, in 
speech. Cf. pitah. 

pa'sir, sand. Cf. hersek. 

gu'la pa'sir, granulated or moist 

pa'sok, in its derivative : 

pa'so-kan, a troop, company or 
regiment of soldiers. 

pa'sotg, the stocks, handcuffs. 
Cf. hlurggu. 
ru'mah pa'smg, lock-up, police 
station. Cf. balai. 

pasti, see psU. 

pa'su, earthenware bowl, basin, 
flower-pot. Cf. marglcoh and 

pa'tah, m-ma'tah, -kan, to break, 
bi*eak across, snap (as long, 
brittle things). Cf. pchah 
and putus. 
pa'tah pirg'garg, to "break 
one's back " (carrying heavy 
burdens, e.g., a child). 

ija'tah p-mrg', to break (of a 

line of battle). 
paHah sa'yap, to bieak a wing. 
pa'tah tu'larg, to break a bone. 
s-pa'tah ka'ta, one word. 

pa'teh (Jav.), a title given to 
prime ministers. 

pa'tek, slave; I, me (used in ad- 
dressing a king). Cf. harn- 

pa' til, the small Malay adze. 
pat'lot (D.), lead pencil. 
pa'tok, m-ma'tok, to peck, bite 
(of birds and snakes). Cf. 

pa'toi^:, a statue, image. 
pa't-rum, cartiidge = ptrum. 
pa'tut, right, proper, fit, suitable, 

adapted; ought (45). Cf. 

pa'tut d'rgan, adapted to. Cf. 

pa'tut-kan, to adapt, harmonize. 
pau', a measure of capacity (see 

end of Grammar). 
pa'us, i'kan pa'tis, the whale. 
pa'ut, ber-pa'ut, to hold fast, piiU 

pa'waig, medicine-man, sorcerer, 

guide, pilot. 
pa'ya, marsh, swamp, bjog. 
pa'yah, diffietiit, heavy, severe 

(as work or sickness). 
pa'yar, m-ma'yar, to cruise. 
pa'yoiK, imibrella. 
pa'yorg ker'tas, a Chinese um- 
p'chah, m-in'chah, to break in 

pieces, fracture, shatter, 

break up; to break up or 

disperse (of a body of troops; 

or a crowd). Cf. patah and 




p'chali hha'har, the news spread. 

p-chat', m-ui-<:hat' , to depose, de- 
throne, reduce from a higher 
to a lower rank. 
ler-p-chnt' , deposed. 
p-daig', sword. 

cha'hot p-darg' , to draw a 

hu'niis p-darg', to draw a sword. 
sa'rorg p-darg' , scabbard. 
p-das', pungent, hot. 

p-da'ti (Jav.), cart, waggon. Cf. 

p-deh', pain ; to smart, be sore 

(as a wound or the heart). 

Cf. hisa. 
p-do'man (Jav.), compass. 
ma'in p-do'nian, the divisions 

on the compass card. 

p-du'ka (Sk., shoes), a title of 
Malay princes. Cf. haus. 

p-du'li (Ar. fadluli), to care, 
trouble oneself, concern one- 
p-dii'li-laii. to care for, take 
trouble about. 

pe'gaig (B. ), to hold = pgarg. 

pe'lat, lisping, inarticulate 
speech. Cf. ielur. 

pen'charg, lame. Cf. tenipaiy 
and chapel- . 

pen'dek, short, low in stature; 
1. also pandal. 

J peiis'san, a swoon, fainting fit; 
to faint. Cf. pitam. 

pe'rak, silver. 

pe'raig, brown, reddish-brown. 
per'b<L '^*^k.), per'ha ha'la, an- 
cient, in- former times. 

per'cha, in the phrases : 
g'lah per'clia, gutta percha. 
p}i'hiii per'cha, Sumatra. , 

per-cha'ya (Sk.), to believe, 
trust. Cf. imuii and harap^ 

per-cha'ya'i, to trust (a per- 
son), have faith in. 

h-per-cha'ya'an, trustworthy. 

per'chek, to sprinkle; see rchek.. 
perchuma, see chiima. A 6ia.-s^3 

per-da na, m the phrase : "^ 

per-du'iia inn't-ri, prime minis 
per'du, trunk of a tree, stem of 

a plant. 
per'gam, the large wood pigeon.. 
per'gi (49), to go, go away, de- 
part. Cf. jalan. 
per'gi ba'iek, there and back, tO' 

and fro. 
la'wa j'er'gi, to take away. 
p-m'gi-aii, departure. 
peristewa, see perstva. 
per-ka'kas, tools, utensils, in- 
struments. Cf. alat. 
per-ka'kai< I'-ra'ja'an, royal in- 
per-ka'l-as ni'niali. furniture. 
per-ka'ra (Sk.), thing, article^ 

affair, subject. Cf. baraig. 
per-ka'sa (Sk.), brave, valiant;; 

u-suall.y brani. 
per'kat, mucilage, paste. Cf- 

■ Ikat. 
per-la-han', per-la-han'-la-han'^ 
p-la-han'-p-la-han' and p- 
lan,'-p-laii', slowly, softly^ 
gently. ' Cf. Jambat. 

per'lii (Ai'. fardlii), obligatory 
(as a religious duty). 

per-tna-da'ni, carpet. Cf. fi- 

per'mai, beautiful, lovely. Cf.. 

per-mai-su'ri (Sk.), queen; also- 
raja prempuan. 


I <jeA\.<Laoc- 

cdAk^ ,>acir*';W,i£^ 



pierman, see firman. '■ 

per-ma'ta (Sk.), precious stone, 
jewel. Cf. manikain. 
b-per-ma' ta, jewelled, set with 
precious stones. Cf. tatah. 

per-mi'si (D.), permission, a 

per'nah, ever.- 

b-luni' per'nah, never yet, never. 
ti-a'da per'nah, never. 

per-na'ma (Sk.), full (of the 

moon) . 
■ hu'lan per-na'ma, full moon. 

persagii see sgi. 

per-s-tua' (Sk.), in the phrase, 
s-ka'li per-s-t'u'a, it happened, 
once upon a time. 

per-ta'ma (34) (Sk.), first; also 
yaiy pertama. 
per4a'ma-ta'ina, firstly, first 
of all, in the . first place. 
Cf. mula. 

per-wa'ra (Pers.), court ladies. 

per-wi'ra (Sk.), heroic. 

pes'ta (Port.), festival. 

petah, see pitah. 

pe'tak, compartment, division 
(in ships, houses or rows of 
houses) flower beds or simi- 
lar divisions in nurseries. 

P-gaig', m-m-gary', to hold, take 
hold of, grasp, keep, control. 
= (B.) pegarg. Cf. paui. 
p-garg' 'a'dai, to observe a cus- 
p-garg' l--mu'di, to steer. 
■ p-garg' p-ren'tah, to hold autho- 
p-ga'rgan, that which is held or 
controlled, charge, task, vo-. 
cation, office. 

p-ga'wai, officer, official. 

phala, see pahala. 

^pi-a'la (Pers.), drinking cup. 

n Cf. chawan. 

P'-ans'gan?, a stink bug. 

pi-a'ra (B.), to take care of, keep 
(as animals), nurture, bring 
up (as children) = plihara, 

pi-a'tu, orphan; also anak piatu. 
Cf. yatim. 

pi'chak = pichek, q.v. 

pi'chek, narrow, confined, limit- 
ed. Cf. smpit. 

pi'chit, iii-mi'chil, to pinch, nip. 

pi'hak, side, quarter, flank, party. 

pihutais:, see hutarg. 

pi'jak, m-mi'jah, to tread on, 
stamp on. Cf. injah, ireh, 
and laryaTc. 

pi'jat, a bed-bug; also hutu hu- 

pi'kat, a horse-fly. 

pi'kat, m-mi'kat, to catch birds 
with birdlime. 
p-mi'kat, a decoy bird; a bird 

pikir, see fihir. 

pi'kul, m-mi'l'ul, to carry' on the 
shoulders or back ; a measure 
of weight = 133 lbs. 

pi'leh, m-mi'leh, to choose, select, 
pi'le-han, chosen, elect. 

pi'lu, moved, affected, troubled, 

agitated. Cf. rawan. 

pim'pin, m-mim'pin, to hold or 

lead by the hand, giy^ lead. 

p-mim'pin, a guide. 

pi'nang, m^-mi'narg, the betel-nut 

palm; to ask in marriage, 

make an offer of marriage. ^ 



pu'lav Pi'nairj, Penang. 

pin'dah, hm-pin'dah, to move 
from one place to another, 
migrate, move house. Cf. 
pin'dah-kan, to remove a thing, 
transport, transplant, trans- 

piig'gan, a large plate, a dish. 
Cf. piriiy. 

piilg:'gai]g;, the waist. 

bu'ah pirg'garg, the kidneys. 
i'kat pinj'gmxj, belt, girdle. 

piig'gir (Jav.), edge, border, 
shore. Cf. tpi. 

pi'igit, confined, secluded (of 

pin' jam, m-iiiin'jani (149), to 
borrow, or lend. 
h-ri' pin' jam, to lend. 
min'ta pin' jam, to borrow. 
pin' jam-Iran, to lend (a thing). 

pin'ta, m-min'ta, to request, ask ; 
see minta. 

pin'tal, m-min'tal, to twist, spin 

thread. Cf. rahat. 
pin'tar (Jav.), clever. 

pin'tas, m-min'tas, to make a 
short cut, cut across. Cf. 

pin'tu, door, gate. 

pin'tu ger'barg, the gate of a 
fort or city. 

pin'tu pa' gar, gate of a fence. 

hn'dol pin'tv, threshold. 

chu'kai pin'tu, house assess- 

j-narg' pin'tv, door posts. 

p-nurg'gu pin'tu, door-keeper. 

pi'pa (Port.), a barrel. 
pi'peh, fiat, smooth. 
pi'pi, the cheeks. 

pi'pis, in-ini'pis, to bray or, gdnd 
on a stone, as spices. Cf. 

pi'pit, a generic name for birds 

of the sparrow tribe. 
pirasat = firasat, q.v. 

pi'riig, plate, saucer (smaller 
than pirggan) . 

pi'sarg, banana, plantain. 
pi'sau, knife. 

pi'sau chu'hor, razor. 
pi'sau li'pat, a pocket knife. 
pi'sau ra"vi, a small knife used 

for cleaning rattans. 
nia'ta pi'sau, the edge or blade 
of a knife. 

pi'ta (Port.), ribbon, tape. 

pi'tah, usually pi'tah li'dah, elo- 
quent. Cf. paseh. 

pi'tam, giddiness, swoon, fit. 
Cf. pergsan. 

pi'tis, a very small native coin 

of tin or copper. 
pi'ut, great-great grandchild. 
p-jam', m-m-jam', to close (of 

the eyes) ; also hjam. 

p-kak', deaf; also tidi. 

p-kakas, see perkahas. 

p-kan', a market; a townii.^ Cf. 

p-kat', thick, glutinous (of 
fluids) = kntal. Cf. cha'ir. 

p-kek', m-m-hek', to shriek (of 
animals) . 

p-ker'ti (Sk.), nature, disposi- 
tion, character, conduct. Cf. 
prargai and tahi'at. 

p-koig', the largest ulcers. 

plahan, see perlahan. 

p-la'min and p-la'mi-nan, ihe 
bridal bed, or sleeping place 



set apart for a newly married 

p-lan'-p-lan', slowl}'; see per- 

p-la'na, saddle. Cf. sela. 

p-lan'dok, the mouse-deer = han- 
cliil. Cf. nisa and Mjarg. 

p-la'iigj, rainbow. 

p-lan'ting;, ter-p-lan'iirg, stretch- 
ed out, sprawling. Cf. jru- 

plbagai, see bagai. 

p-le'chok, ter-p-le'choh, sprain- 
ed, strained. 

p-Iek', strange, uncommon. 

p-le'kat, a certain kind of saroiy 
made in British India. 

p-li-ha'ra, mm-li-ha'ra-han{Sk.) , 
to take care of, protect, keep 
(86), preserve, nourish, 
maintain, bring up (as chil- 
dren) = (B.) piara, q.v. Cf. 
bla. oU^fi'lihsraka^ 

ter-p-li-lia'ra, kept, preserved. 

p-li'pis, the temples. 
p-lir', the male organs of gener- 
p-li'ta (Pevs.), lamp. Cf. larnpu. 
pa' dam p-li'ta, to put out a 

pa'sarg p-li'ta, to light a lamp. 

p-lm'pap, a hand's breadth. Cf. 

p-loh', ber-p-loh', sweat, per- 
spiration.; to perspire. 
p.-lok', m-m-lok', to embrace, 
hug. Cf. dakap.- 
p-loh' Whir, to embrace. 
ber-p-lok' tu'boh, to fold the 

s-p-m-lok', a measure for girth 
of trees, alwut 5| feet. 

p't-pah', the branch of a palm- 

p-lu'ru (Port.), bullet. 

p-nat' (146), tired, weary. Cf. 

Hah and Iteh. 
pn'diis;, a belt buckle. 
pn-di'la (Sk.), scholar, learned 

man; (in jSTeth. India) pro- 
■'x testant clergj'man. Cf. 'alim. 

p-i|g:a'nan (Jav.), cakes, confec- 
tionery. Cf. kueh. 

p-igan'tin (Jav.), bride, bride- 
groom =(B.) kmantin. Cf. 

p-ii;e'ran (Jav.), a title of prin- 
ces of high lenk. 

pig'gal, m-mrg'galj -kan, to cut 
off, cut through, sever, am- 
putate. . Cf. krat. 

pig-ga'wa (Sk.), military officer, 
court official. 

pig-hu'Iu, chief; see hulu. 

prg-ka'lan, landing-place; s^e 

pig-Ii'ma, a military officer. 

p-niig', dizzy, giddy. Ct. pusiry. 

p-ni'ti (Port.), pin. . 

pn-ja'ra (Sk.), prison, gaol. Cf. 
ter-pn-ja'ra, imprisoned. 
■pn-ja'ra-kan, to imprison. 

pn-ju'rit (Jav.), robber, thief. 
pn-ju'ru, a corner, an angle. 
Cf. semparg. 

p-noli', full. 

p-noh' s-saV, brimful. 
p-no'hi, to fill up, make full. 
Cf- isi and muat.' 
pn'tas, the raise.d pla,tform in 
native houses on which they 
sit aiid sleep. Cf. katiL ' 

Vsj^^H^i -^ 

P-^-n<g dU ^ "^^ '\\eJi^ ^si^Q»A 





p-iyu', sea-turtle. Cf. hatorg. 
po'-ho' (Chin.), peppermint. 
. po'hon, tree; origin, beginning. 
po'hon ha'yu, a tree. 
po'hon, in-iiio'hon, -l-an, to re- 
qiiest, ask for, beg, beseech. 
mo'hon, ber-mo'hon, to ssk 
leave to go, excuse oneself, 
take leave. 

po'kok, plant, tree; origin, 
source; capital, principal. 
Cf. modal, 
jm'hok a'lyin, storm cloud. 

po'Ian, (Ar. fulan), so-and-po = 
anu; also si-polan. 

pO'lis (Eng.), police. 

po'loig, a kind of evil spirit, 
demon. Cf. hantu and jin. 

pon'dok, hut, small house, shed. 
Cf. bargsal. 

poTg'kis, an open basket for 
carrying earth. 

pontianak, see puniianak. 

pon'toh, an armlet. 

pos' (Eng.), post, mail. 

po'toig, m.-mo'torg, to cut, cut 

off, deduct; to kill animals 

for food. Cf. krat and sm- 


po'torg Whir, to cut the throat. 

p-rah', m-m-rah', to press or 
squeeze out (as the juice of 
fruits, or milk). 

p-ra'hu, a native vessel, boat. 
a'nak p-ra'hu, sailor, boatman. 
na'ik p-ra'hu, to go on board 
a vessel. 

p-ram', to keep fruits so that 
they may ripen after being 
taken from the tree. 

p-ran'chah, scaffolding, staging. 

p-raig', her-p-raiy' , war, battle: 

to fight, be at war. 

p-rarg' sa-bil', holy war (against 

unbelievers). ■ 

i'kat p-rarg' , to form a line of 

ka'pal p-rarg', warship. 
pa'tah p-rarg' and p'chah p- 
larg', to break (of a line of 
battle), break the ranks. 
p-ra'iig:ai, character, disposition, 
nature. Cf. i/kflrti&nS tahi'at. 
p-raig'gu (Jav.), a suit (of 
clothes), set (of dishes, etc.). 
p-raig'kap, trap. Cf. jrat and 

p-ran'jat, in its derivative: 

ter-p-ran'jat, sta.r-i]e(i. Cf. kjut. 
p-ra'wan, a J'oung girl, virgin. 

Cf. dara. 
p-rek'sa, m-m-rek'sa (Sk.), to 
examine, investigate, in- 
quire; inquiry, investigation. 
Cf. slidek and siasat. 
ku'rarg p-rek'sa, I don't Icnow. 
p-re'man (Eng.), civilian, free 
from Government service. ' 
p-rem'pu-an, woman; feminine, 
female (87). Cf. btina. 
p-reiii'pu-an jan'da, a widow. 
a'nak p-rem'pu-an, a girl. 
p-rerg'gan, boundary = perhirg- 

ga'an, see hirgga. 
p-ren'tah, m-m-ren'tah, -kan, 
order, command, authority ; 
to command, rule, rule over, 
u igan p-ren'tah, by order. 
p-garg' p-ren'tah, to hold au-* 

p-m-ren'tah, governor. 
p-ri' (Pers.), fairy. 
p-ri', manner, style, way, con- 
dition. Cf. iial. 



l)-n' liaV , condition, circum- 
p-ri'kan, to describe, explain. 

p-ri'gi, a well. 

i'hat p-ri'gi, the masoni7 with 
which a well is lined. 

p-riig', stinking. 

priii;gi, see frinjgi. 

p-ri'ok, cooking pot (of earthen- 
ware or metal). Cf. huali 
and blaiya. 
p-r\'ol- a' pi, bombshell. 

p-ri'sai, a shield. 

p-ro'sok, ter-p-ro'soh, to fall 
through, fall into a hole. 

p-rot', the abdomen, intestines 
(stomach, bowels or womb). 
p-rot' ko'soiy, starving, famish- 
i'si p-rot', the intestines. 

p-rum' (Eur.), a sounding lead. 
C'f. duff a. 

p-sa', the beam on which the 
cloth is rolled in weaving. 

p-sa'ka (Sk.), inheritance, heir- 
loom; also pusaha. 
p-sa ha i, to inherit. 

p-san', m-m-san' , -han, -i, order, 
command, commission ; to 
command, give an order or 
commission. Cf. hukum. 
her-p-san', to give orders. 
2)-sa'nan, order, command, 

p-sa'ra = pasar, q.v. 

p-sa'wat, a machine, machinery. 
Cf. injin and jntm. 

p-se'ban (Jav.), hall. 

p-si-aig', p-si-arg'Tcan (B.), to 
peel, skin ; to beat violently. 

p-sok', a hole or perforation (as 
in clothes or pots and pans) ; 
punctured, perforated. 

p-soh'han, to make a hole in a 

thing, puncture. 
pstaka, see pustaka. 
ps'ti (Jav.), certain, sure, of 

course = Malay tutu. 

p'ta, map, plan, delineation, 

p-ta'liig, a hardwood tree. 

p-taig', afternoon; also ptarg 

p-tas', fire crackers. Cf. mer- 

p-tek', m-m-teh', to pluck (as 
flowers, fruits, etc.) ; to 
strike the strings of a harp. 
p-ti' (Tarn.), box. Cf. hpolc. 

p-ti' h-si', iron safe. 
p-tir', a peel of thunder. Cf. 

guroli and hUat. 
ptra, see putra. 
p-t-ra'na, a ceremonial seat or 

throne used by princes. 
p't-ri, solder. 
p-t-rum', cartridge. 
p-tu'a (Ar. fatwa), decision, 

judgment, advice. 
pu-a'ka, an evil spirit; haunted, 

pu-a'lam (Tam.), marble. Cf. 

pu'an, a metal tray for betel -nut. 
pu-as', satisfied, content, sati- 
ated. Cf. jmu and knryarg. 
pu-as'kan, to satisfy. 
'pu-a'sa (Sk.), fast, fasting. ' 
hu'l-a' pu-a'm, to cease fasting. 
bu'lan pu-a'sa, the fasting 

her-pu-a'sa, fasting: to fast. 
pu'chat, pale (of colours and 
: the complexion). 



pu'chok, a shoot, sprout; numci- 
ical coefficient of letters nnil 
firearms' (S-i), 

pu'choi^, the purp'.e heron. 

pu'ja (Sk.), to perform religious 

ceremonies (only used of 

Hindu i-ites). 

pu'ji, rn-iiiu'ji (Sk.), praise, com- 
mendation; to praise, laud, 

pii'ji-an, words of praise; or 

pu-ji-pu' ji-an , the complimen- 
tary introduction to a Ma lav 

pu'jok, Ill-Ill ii'joL-, to coax, entice, 
persuade: also bujol. 

pu'kat, ni-inii'lnt, a seine net' to 
fish with the seine net. 

pu'kol, iii-iiiu'hol, to strike, hit, 
beat, knock ; also used of the 
hours in reckoning time. Cf . 
palii, gasah, hdaL 

pu'hol h-ra'pa (37), what time 
is it? 

pu'hol dii'a, two o'clock. 

pu'kol hj'wat, to telegraph. 

pu'la, again, moreover, in addi- 
tion, over again. 

pu'lang: (49), to return, go back 
to the place a person or 
thing came from, go home. 
Cf. halelc and hmbali. 
pu'laiy-Tcan, to return. Send 
back, restore. 

pu'las, iii-inii'las, to wring, twist. 

, pu-la'san, an edible fruit, simi- 
lar to the ramhuian. 
pu'lau, an island. 

pu'leh, recovered, restored, re- 

pu'loh, a numeral which forms 
the multiples of ten; in 

speaking of indefinite num- 
liei-s this word is used as- 
we say ''dozens" or "scores." 

du'a pu'loh, twenty. 

s-pu'loh, ten. 

da lam s-pii'loh sa'tu, one in 
ten, a tithe. 

pu'lut, glutinous rice; also Vrai- 

pun', also, and, even. Cf. dan. 
a'da pun (133), a punctuation; 

ms'hi pun, although. 
s-ka'li pun (144), even. 
s'o'rarg pun ti-a'da, no one. 
surg'goh pun (144), although. 

pu'nai, green pigeons. 

pun'cha, the corner of a cloth 
or garment, end of a rope- 
Cf. pancliorg. 

pun'chak, top, point, smnmit ; 
usually hmuncliak. 

pun-di-pun'di, purse, monev-bag.. 
puig'gah, m-miirg'gah, to un- 
load, discharge cargo, ' 
pui^'gok, an owl. 

P"jn?'goiK, the back or hind part 
of a thing, the back of ai 
knife, the buttocks. Cf. 
huntui and pantat. 

pii'rgut, m-mn'rgui, to pick up. 
take up, gather, glean. 
pu'rgut chu'hai, to collect taxes. 

pun'tau (B.) (Chin.), dust pan. 

pun-li-a'nak, a kind of evil 

pun'toiig, a half -burnt log or 
stick, the stump of a cigarl 

pu'iya (12, 14, 15, 24), the pos- 
sessive particle. Cf. (nii- 

pu'pu, a degree of relationship. 



sau-da'ra s-pu'pu, first cousins. 
sau-da'ra du'a pu'pu, second 
pu'pus, bereft. 

pu'put, to blow, make a blast of 
_ ^ ^. air. Cf. hmhus and tioy. 
\jj^" pu'pu-tan,h(iW(yw8. \A '^•j^k :',• < i 
pu-ra-pu'ra, in pretence, pre- 
tending, feigning, sham, 
pu'ru, sore, ulcer. Cf. hisul and 
Ica'tak pu'ru, a toad. 
pusaka, see psaka. 
pu'sar,, to cause to revolve hori- 
pu'sa-ran a'rgiii, whirlwin,d. 
pu'sat, the navel ; the centre of 

a thing. 
pu'sii^, her-pu' sirg , to revolve, 
turn round (intrans.). Cf. 
pu'sirg k-pa'la, giddy, confused. 

Cf. pnirg and hirgoty. 
pu'sirg-kan, to cause to revolve. 
pus-'ta'ka (Sk.), a book of 

charms or magic formulse. 
pu'tar, m-mn'tar, to turn, cause 
to revolve. Cf. kisar and 
pu'tar ba'Iek, fickle, vacillat- 
ing, capricious. 
pu'ta-ran, vidndlass, capstan. 
pu'teh, white. 
.pv/teh ma'ta, disappointed. 
pju'teh t-lor'j the white of an 

ha'ti pu'teh, a clear conscience. 
o'rarg pu'teh, European. 
pu'teh-kan, to bleach. 
pu'tek, fruit when just set. 
pu'titg, the pointed end of any- 
\ "' thing made to fit into a hole; 
a ping. 

pu'tirg b-li'org, water-spout. 
pu't-ra (88) (Sk.), son (of a 

king), prince. 
pu't:ri (88) (Sk.), daughter (of 

a king), princess. 

pu'ttis, iii-mit'tus, -kan, broken 

■^^■jvjiby tension (as ropes), brokni 

\*^ 'oil, discontinued, ceased, 

finished, ended; to break by 

tension, end, conclude. 

pu'tus a'sa, without hope, in 

pu'tus bi-cha'ra, to end a con- 
sultation by coming to a de- 
putus harap = putus asa. 
pu'tus hu'kum, to pass judg- 
ment, pronounce sentence. 
pu'tus lya'wa, to die. 
ti-a'da ber-k-pn'tu-san, withoiit 
interruption, without ceas- 
ing, without end. 
pu'yoh, quail. 


ra'ayat, see r'ayat. 

ra'ba, m-ra'ba, to feel, touelu 

fumble, grope. 
rab'bi (Ar.), my Lord, Lord. 
ra'bek (B.), to tear, rend. 
ra'bit, frayed, torn at the edge. 
ra'bok, tinder, touchwood. 
ra'borg, ridge pieces on atap 

ra'bu, ha'ri ra'hu, Wednesday = 

ra'bun, m-ra'bvn, to smoke, 

ra'chun, poison. Cf. bisa. 
k'na ra'chun, to be poisoned. 
ma'kan ra'chtin, to take poison. 

ra'dak, m-ra'dak, -kan, to thrust., 
•(jijads -e i^:^TAv sb) 9>;o d 



ra"eh, iH-ni"ek, to diaw towards 
oneself; to cut with a sickle 
or a knife with the edge 
towards one. Cf. ra'ut. 

ra'ga, a roughly made basket; 
the Malay football. Cf. 
se'pak ra'ga, to play the Malay 
game of football. 

Ta'gam, kinds, varieties (especi- 
ally of colours and sounds) ; 
whim, caprice. 
m-m'garn, to be capricious. 

Ta'gi, leaven, yeast. Cf. Tchamir. 

Ta'hang:, the jaw. 

tu'Uny ra'liarg, jawbone. 

ra'hat, a machine for spinning 
thread. Cf. pintal. 

ra'him (Ar.), womb. Cf. 2}i'ot. 
ra' h i m ( Ar . ) , merciful, pitiful, 
compassionate. Cf. inurah. 

rah 'man (Ar.), ar-rah-man, The 

rah'mat (Ar.), mercy, compas- 
sion, pity; grace, favour. 
Cf. kaseli. 

rah 'si -a (Sk.), secret;' a secret; 
sometimes pronounced rUh-. 
sia. Cf. smbuni. i 

bu'ka rah'si-a, to reveal a se- 
ta'roh rah'si-a and sim'pan 
rali'si-a, to keep a secret. 

ra'ja (Sk.), king, prince; one of 
the pieces in the game of 
chess; see chatur. 

ra'ja mu'da, the heir to the 

ra'ja p-rein'pn-aii, queen. Cf. 

a'nalc ra'ja, prince. 

bii'roifj ra'ja hu'dauj, king- 
fisher. , 

bu'roip ra'ja wa'Ii, eagle. 
ham'ba ra'ja, a king's servants 

oi- retainers. 
ma-ha-ra'ja, a great king, a 

Malay title. 
ber-ra'ja (114), having a kiig, 

governed by a king. 
ra'ja-kan, to proclaim or make 

a person king. 
k-ra'ja'an, kingdom. 
ber-k- ra'ja' an, reigning, having 

a kingdom. 

ra'jin, diligent, industrious. Cf. 

ra'jok, m-ra'joh, sullen, surly, 
sulky; to be sulky, be ill- 

ra-k'ah' (Ar.), prostration, 
genuflexion ; the series of 
postures used by the Moham- 
medans in prayer. 

ra'kit, a raft; to fit together in 
an orderly • arrangement. 
Cf. pasarg and susun. 

rakna, see ratna. 

rak'sa, mercury, quicksilver. 

rak-sa'sa (Sk.), a kind of evil 
spirit, a giant. Cf- gergasi. 

ra'mah, familiar, intimate. 
bei'-ra' iiiah-ra' ma-han, . having 
friendly or intimate ■ rela- 

ra'mai, crowded, numerous. , 

ra'mas, m-ra'mas, to knead. 

ram'bai, an edible fruit. 

ram'bot, the hair of the head, 
the mane of horses. Cf. bulu 
and rortia. 

ram'bu-tan, an edible fruit. 
Cf. pulamn. 

ram'dlan (Ar.), the Moham- 
medan fasting month. 



ra'mi, the Indian flax. 
ram'pas, m-ram'pas, to pillage, 

plunder, loot. Cf. rompah 

and samon. 
ram'pa-san, pillage, booty. 
ra'mu, m-ra'mu, to collect ma- 
ra'mu-an, materials for build- 
ings, etc. 
ran'choig,. m-ran' cliorg , to cut 

to a point (as a pen). 
ran'dok, ham'birg ran'dok, a 

hairy he-goat. 
■"raig', m-mg-rarg', to groan; also 

Tang:'ka,, skeleton, framework. 
Taiig;'kak, m-rarg'lcah, crawl on 

hands and feet (as children). 
ran'jaig, a large bed. 
ran'jau, a caltrop, pointed stakes 

so placed as to impede an 

Tan'tai, a chain. 

ha'ju ran'tai, coat of mail. Cf. 

ran'tau, a reach in a river, a 

stretch of coast line. 
t-loh' mn'tau, the sinuosities of 

a river or coast. 
tu-ran'tau, to coast. 

l-an'ting:, leafless twigs. Cf. cTia- 

Ta'num, overripe. 

Ta"oiK, in-ra"oiy, to groan, howl, 
roar (as in pain). Cf. Moh, 
and 'raiy. . 

Ta'pat, m-ra'pat, close to, in con- 
tact with, touching; to be 
near or in contact. Cf. 'nrj-'< 
gang. ^ 

ra'pat-lean, to put close to- 
gether, ]oin. 

ra'pek, m-ra'pek, to talk non- 

ra'poh, fragile, brittle. 

ras' (gifflj.), reins. 

ra'sa, m-va'sa (Sk.), feeling, 
sensation, taste; to feel, 

ra'sa ha'ti, the feelings. 

ra'sa-vja, it seems, it appears. 

s-ra'sttj as if. 

ra'sa'i, to feel, experience, un- 
dergo, endure, suffer. 

per-ra'sa'an, the feelings, per- 

ra'si (Sk.), s-ra'si, suitable, well 

ra'sok, m-ra'soh, to attack, pos- 
sess (of evil spirits). Cf. 

ra'sok, floor beams, on which the 

joists rest. Cf. glgar. 
ra'$|iil (Ar.), apostle. 
ra'ta (Sk.), a chariot. 

ra'ta, flat, level, even; all over, 
everywhere. Cf. datar. 
cha'ri ra'ta, to search every- 
sa'ina ra'ta, on the same leveL 
ra'ta-kan, to level, make flat or 
ra'tap, m-ra'tap, to wail. 
rat'na (Sk.), jewel, princess; 

sometimes rakna. 
ra'tu (Jav.), king, prince. 
ra'tus, hundred. - ' 

du'a ra'tus, two hundred. 
s-ra'tus, one hundred. 
ber-ra'tus-ra'tus, hundreds. 

ra"ut, m-ra"ut, to whittle, cat 

with a small knife (with the 

edge away from the body). 

Cf. ra'eh. 

ra"u-tan, rattan; usually roian. 

ra'wan, emotion, rapture ; moved. 
Cf. pilu. 

^^oo.VoQA^ [ tAJw-^-\ )^->-^ ^^ Mj^^ iv^ asvuiXr>^ 



ra'wi (Ar.), histovian. 

ra'ya, great ; in such phrases as : 

ha'rl ra'ya, festival. 

i'l-an ra'ya, whale. C'f. jjaas. 

ja'Ian ra'ya, high road, main 

ra'yap, m-ra'yap, to crawl, creep 
(of insects and plants) ; to 
spread (as a disease). Cf. 
jalar, rarghah and jargkit 

r'a'yat (Ar.), subjects, the com- 
mon people; soldiers of the 
rank and file. 

r'ba, felled timber. 

r-bab' (Ar.), the native violin. 

Cf. hiola. 
r'bah, to fall (of the human 

body, trees, etc.) Cf. ttnn- 


r'ban, a fowl-house. 
r-ba'na, a native drum which is 
struck with the hand. Cf. 


r-bong', edible bamboo shoots. 
r-bot', m-r-hot' , -l-ari , to snatch, 
seize, take by violence. 

r'bus, boiled; to boil. Cf. dideh. 

r'chek, m-r'chel-, sprinkled, spat- 
tered: to sprinkle; also p- 
r'chel- or per'cheh. Cf. riijis 
and si ram. 

r'da, to abate, diminish. 

r-dop', cloudy, overcast, obscured. 

re'al (Port.), dollar; usually 

re'di, a hammock-litter, Uf^ed by 
Chinese women at Malacca. 

re'dia (Ar.), satisfied, content, 
willing. C'f. knan and s-iidi. 

re'ja, snips or scra]is of pa]>er or 

re'mah, cru.mbs, the fragments 
of food tliat remain on the 
table or floor aifter eating 
and are thrown away; as 
op])08ed to ,iim, which is the 
food left over and saved for 
others to eat or for a future- 

ren'daiig;, leafy, having thick 
foliage. Cf. Ibat. 

re'iigan, light (in weight), easy, 
unimportant, slight (of pain 
or sickness). 
hu'at re'rgan, frivolous. 
re'rgan-han, to alleviate, light- 
en ; to make light of. 

re'igek, in-re'ryeli, to tease^ 

rei]f'kas, short, abbreviated (es- 
pecially of narratives). i'-L 
pcndeli: and sergkat. T^fii£T<<^ycPt '^ 
rerg'has-kan, to abbreviate. ^ ,'*-^ • / - 

r-gaig', stretched tight (as 
ropes). Cf. rritarg. 
r-garg'lvii, to stretch, maka 

ri'a, joy; also su'ka ri'a. 

ri-arg-ri'aig, the cicada. ■ 

ri'as (B.), ber-ri'as, ri'as-l-an^ 
adorned, ornamented ; to 
decorate; a corruption of 
her-hi'as; see hiaa. 

ri'ba, in-ri'ha, the lap; to hold 
on the lap ; nurse. Cf . panj- 
ri'ba'an, the lap. 
ri'ba (Ar.), usury, interest. 
ri'bot, a tempest of wind or 
ri'bot til' run. a storm came up. 
ri'bu, thousand. . 

dii'a ri'ba, two thousand. 
I s-ri'bu, a thousand. 
I bcr-ribii-fi'bii, thousands. 



rimau, tiger; see liarimau. 

rim'ba, primeval forest. Cf. hu- 
tan and bluhar. 
riiii'ha h-lan-ta'ra, the wilds of 
the forest. 

rin'du, longing desire (especially 
of loye) ; to loig for. Cf. 
irgin and pilu. 
iin'du dn'dam, anxious long- 
bu'loh p-rin'du, a bamboo so 
cut as to produce plaintive 
sounds when exposed to the 

ring:an, see rergan. 

Tiig'git, dollar. 

rin'tek, small spots, speckles. 
hu'jan rin-tek-rin'tek, light 
rain, drizzle. 

ri'oh, a loud noise; loud, also 
rioh rndah. 

ri-wa'yat (Ar.), story, narra- 
tive. Of. hikayat and chrita. 

T-jam' (Ar.). to stone, execute by 

Tj'ki (B.), subsistence, food = 
v.ld; also jerki. 

r-\org', a measure of area = li 
■y acre. 

T-mak', preferable. 

r-mok', m-r-mok' , -lean, to crush, 
break to pieces. Cf. han- 

Tm-pah-rm'pah, spices. 

r-naig', her-r-narg' and ber-narg', 
to swim. 

Tn-cha'na (Sk.), an essay, nar- 
rn-cha'na-kan, to narrate. 

rn'dah, low (in elevation), hum- 
ble. Cf. hina. 
rioh rndah, see rioh. 
rn'dah-kan, to abase, humiliate. 

rn'dam, m-rn'dam, -kan, to soak^ 
wet by immersion in water. 

rn'daiig;, m-rn'dary, to fry, bake. 
Cf. gorirg. 

rnff'garg:, m-rrg'garg, -kan, apart, 
separated, ajar; to separate, 
place things at a distance 
from each other. Cf. jarak. 

rn'jis, m-rn'jis, -kan, to sprinkle. 
Cf. rchek and sirain. 

r-noing', m-r-norg', to gaze, look 
intentl}^ at. 

rn'tak, m-rn'tak, to jerk, tug (as 

a dog on a chain). Cf. 

rn-ta'ka, a swivel-gun. 
rn'taig, m-ni'targ, -kan, to 

stretch out (as ropes, nets, 

etc.). Cf. rgarg. 

rn'tas, m-rn'tas, to cut a path 
tlu-ough jungle = (Perak) 

rntis, see rntas. . • 

ro'boh, to fall (of large bodies, 
as houses, etc.). Cf. run- 
toh and rhah. 
ro'hoh-kan, to pull down (as 
buildings). Cf. rombak. 

ro'da (Port.), wheel. Cf. jntra 
and lererg. 

a'nak ro'da, spokes. 

birg'kai ro da, the felloes. 

gan-targ-gan'targ ro'da, the 

■• hub. 

gigi roda = anak roda. 
ro'gol, m-ro'gol, rape; to rape. 

roh' (Ar.), the spirit, soul, life. 
Cf. arwah and smargat. 

EoV Al-kii'dus, the Holv Spirit. 

Roh' Al'lah, the Spirit of God 
(believed by the Mohamme- 
dans to be Jesus). 

ber-roh' = bernjawa, having life. 



ro-ha'ni, spiritual. 

ro'kok, the native cigarette. Cf. 
hi'sap ro'kok and ma'kan ro'- 
kok, to smoke tobacco. 

ro'ma (Sk.), the hair of the 
body, as opposed to rambot = 
the hair of the head. Cf. 
bu'lu ro'ma, the hair .on the 
human hoij. 

ro'man (B.) = ronia, q.v. 

rom'bak, m-rom'bak, to destroy, 
demolish, pull down. Cf. 
roboh and runioh.. 

rom'pak, m-rom'pak, to plunder, 
commit piracy. Cf. minpas. 
p-rom'pak, a pirate. 

rom'poig, m-rom'porg, -kan, 
with the point ofE ; to cut off 
the end, or the nose. 

ron'deig, ni-ron'derg, to cogitate, 
think over a thing, meditate 
upon; also rundirg. Cf. 

rong, see ruarg. 
roig'ga, hollow, empty 
roig'koig, the throat; usually 

ro'sak, m-ro'sak, -kan, damaged, 
injured; to injure, damage, 
spoil, ruin. 

ro'tan, rattan. Cf. ra'ut. 

ro'ti (Hind.), bread. 
iu'knig ro'ti, baker. 

r,-sak', the generic name of seve- 
ral timber trees. 

r-sain', a fern from which Ma- 
I lays make pens. 

r'tak, cracked ; fine cracks in por- 

r'ti (F).), meaning = aili, q.v. 

ru'aig, space, Opeii space; es- 
pecially the bilge of boats, 
and the space between the 
posts on which the Malay 
houses are built. 
a'yer rii'arg, bilge water. 
, ba'lai ru'arg, ba'lai-roig'. a 
king's hall of assembly. 
tim'ba ru'aig, to bale out bilge 

ru'as, the length between the 
joints of bamboo or sugar 
cane, or between the joints of 
the arms and legs. 

ru'bin, ha'tu rti'bin, flooring 
tiles; see batu and iibiii. 

ruboh, see roboh. 

ru'gi, loss (especially financial 
loss), damage; to incur loss. 
Cf. bnchana. 

k'na ru'gi, to incur loss. 

k-ru'gi-an, loss, damage; hsiv- 
ing incurred loss. 

rugul, see rogol. 

ruh'si-a (B.), secret = rah sia, q.v. 

ru'kun (Ar., pillar) the chief 
rules or duties of the Mo- 
hammedan religion ; also. 
rukun agama. 

ru'mah, a house. 

ru'mah a' pi,- lighthouse. • 
• ru'mah a'tap, a thatched house. 

ru'mah ba'tu, a house built of 

ru'mah bcr-ha'la,A\e-Ai\\e\\ tem- 

ru'mah ko'sorg, an uninhabited 

ru'mah mu'ryit, a sentry box. 

ru'mah pa'pan, a house built 
of planks. 

ru'mah pa'^oig, a police station. 

ru'mah targ'ga, home, house- 



i'si ru'mahi family, household. 
ser'ba ru'mah, furniture. : 

rum'bai, fringe, tassel. 

rum'bi-a, the sago palm. Cf. 

rum'pun, a tuft (of grass), 
clump (of bamboo). 

rutn'put, grass. 

rum' put h-rirg' , hay. 

rundiiig;, see ronderg. 

run'toh, to fall (of large objects 
such as houses and moun- 
tains). Cf. rohoh. 
run'toh-kan, to demolish, pull 
down (masonry). Cf. rom- 

ru'pa (Sk.), appearance, shape, 

ru'pa-tya, apparently, it seems, 

it appears. Cf. nampak. 
s-ru'pa, similar, like. 
ta'ru'pa (B.), not capable of. 

ru-pi'ah, the Dutch florin or 
guilder ; the Indian rupee. 
ru-pi'ah B-lan'da, guilder. 
ru-pi'ah Bvg-ga'la, rupee. 

ru'sa, deer, stag. Cf. kijarg and 

ru'sok, the side. Cf. lamhorg. 
tu'larg ru'sok, the ribs. 

rz'ki (Ar.), nourishment, food. 
Cf. makan. 

S-, an abbreviated form of asa 
or satit, one, a : one and the 
same, the same, similar. 
When used as a numeral, s- 
is usually followed by one of 
a large number of words 
known as " numeral coeffi- 
cients " or "classifiers" (83, 

s'a-kan-a'kan, as if, as it were. 
s-ha'gai, the same kind, even 
' as, like. 

s-ha-ik-ha'ik-rya, just as well. 
s-harg'sa, of the same race. 
s-ba'ryak, so many, as many, as- 

s-la'pa, having the same father. 
s-ba'rarg, any, anything. 
s-ba'targ (84), a, one; num. 

coeff. of trees and cylindrical 

s-b-gi-ma'na, as, just as. 
s-b-lia'gi, a part. 
s-bi'ji (84), a one; num. coefF. 

of small objects. 
s-bi'lah (84), a, one; num.. 

coeif. of knives. 
s-bi'laig, each, every. 
s-b-lah' or sb'lah, one side, the 

other side of, beyond. 
s-b-las', eleven. 

s-b-lif (83), one turn or coil. 
s-b-lum' , before (conj.). 
s-b-nar'-rya, truly, verily. 
s-bn'tar. a moment, ah instant. 
s-bn'tok (83), a, one; num. 

coeff. of rings. 
s-bo-leh-bo'leh, to the best of 

one's ability. 
s-b-ra'pa, as much as, as many 

s-b-sar' , as large as. 
s-bu'ah (84), a, one; num. 

eoeft. of houses, ships, towns,. 

s-bu'lan, a month. 
s-bu-lat-bu'lat, the whole, all. 
s-bii'iir (83), a, one; num.. 

coeft'. of small round objects.. 
s-chu'kop, sufficient. 
s-dikit, see sdikit. 
s'e'kor (84), a, one; num. coeff. 

of auimals. 
s-fa'kat, in agreement, in collu- 
s-g-nap', the whole, all. 




-lia-hls-lia'his, completely, ut- 
-Iin-ri-lia'ri, daily, every day. 
-ha'rus-fya, properly, neces- 
-hiiy'ga, until, as far as. 
-h-lai' (8-i), a, one; num coRfl. 

of thin flat objects. 
'i'bu s-ba'pa, of the same 

father and mother. 
'i'«i du'ni-a, the whole world. 
-ja'lan, the same road. 
-ja'nh, as far as. 
-j'ma'at. a week. 
-jn'rns In'ma-rya, for a mo-, 

-hi'li, once: entirely, 

very (92, 94). 
-ka'li tju-'^', all at once. 
-ha'U pun (144), even. 
-kam'poiy, of the same village. 
-l-a'pnr (8'3), a, one; num. 

coeff. of quids of betel nut. 
-hi'ia, ao-reeing. 
-ha'yu (83), a, one: num. 

coefE. of rolls of cloth. 
-h-dar' , in proportion to, to 

the extent of. 
-hi' an, so much, so many. 
-hi'ra-rya, perchance. 
-l--lip' ma'ta, the twinkling of 

an eye. 
-ho'di, a score, twenty. 
-Jr-piiy' (84), a, one; num. 

coeff. of things cut in blocks 

or slices. 
-l--rat' , a piece, a part. 
-k-ti'ka, a moment. 
-hu-mig-ku'rarg, at least. 
-hi'gi, as long as, while. 
-lah'sa, ten thousand. 
-la'hu i'ni, in this manner, 

-la'lu, always. 
-la'ma, as long as, while. 
-la-ma-la' mn-nja, forever. 
■-la' pin (84), a, one; num. 

coeff. of folds or thicknesses 
of a thing. 

s-le'hor, twenty one (in, dates). 

s-lrg'kap, a complete outfit. 

s-lu'roh, all, the whole. 

s-ina'hin, so much the more. 

s-ma'laiti , last night. 

s-itia-ta-mn'ta, altogether. 

.s-in-na'-ni-na'j in the phrase: 
tia'da s-m-na'-m-na', with- 
out cause . 

s-iiiu'la, as before, over again. 

s-neg'ri, belong to the same 

s'o-lah-o'lali, as if. 

so'rarg, a person, someone. 

s'o'raig a'kan s'o'rarg, with one 

s'o'rarg di'ri, alone. 

Ho'rarg dua, one or two men. 

s'o'rarg 1-pas' s'o'rarg, one after 

s'o'rarg sa-hn'ja, alone. 

s'o'raig s'o'rarg, one at a time. 

s-pakat, see s-fakat. 

s-pau'jarg ha'ri, the whole day. 

s-paii'jarg ja'lan, all the way. 

s-paroli, see sparoh. 

s-pa'sarg, a pair. 

s-pa'iah ka'ta, one word. 

s-pa'tut-nja, properly, becom- 

s-pin'tu (84), a, one; num. 
coeff. oi houses built in rows. 

s-p-noh'-p-noh', fully, com- 

s-po'toig, a piece, a slice. 

s-jiit'rhok (83), a, one; num. 
coeff, of letters and firearms. 

s-pu'loh, ten. 

s-pu'pu, of the first degree of 
relationship, as, first cousins. 

s-ra'sa, as if. 

s-ra'si, suitable, well adapted. 

s-ra'tus, a hundred. 

s-ra'wan (83), a, one; num. 
coeff. of nets. 



, <!-n'7)M. a thousand. 

s-ru'as (83), a length between 

s-ru'pa, similar, like. 

s-sa"at, an instant. 

s-su-ap' , a mouthful. 

s-su-a'tu, some, any. 

s-su'kUj a quarter. 
' s-ta'hu, cognizant, privy to. 

s-targ'ga (84), a, one; num. 
coeft'. of houses. 

s-ta'ra, of the same rank. 

s-t'lah, after that, when. 

s-t'rgahj a half. 

s-iu'ju, with the same purpose. 

sa"at (Ar.), moment, instant. 
Cf. hntar. 
s-sa^'ai, an instant. 

sa'ban (Jav.), sa'ban ha'ri, every 

sa'bar (Ar.), patience; patient, 
sa'bar d-hu'lu, please be pa- 

sa'bas (Pers.), good! well done! 
that will do! 

sab'da, her-sah'da, command, or- 
der; to order, say, speak (of 
kings and prophets). Cf. 

sa'bit, a sickle. 

sa'bok, a girdle. Cf. pirggarg. 

sa'bon (Port.), soap. 

sa'bong:, m-rya'horg, to fly at one 

another (as fighting cocks) ; 

to flash (as lightning) ;. to 

conduct a cock-fight. 

sa'borg-m-rya'borg, flashing or 

dashing about. 
a'yam sa'bo-rgan, a fighting 

sa'bot, fibrous material, such as 
the husk of the coco-nut or 
the stem of the banana. 

ta'li sa'bot, rope made of sueh 
sab'tu (Ar.), the Sabbath, Sa- 
turday; also hari sabtu. 
sa'dap, m-rya'dap, to draw the 
sap from the palm tree for 
making toddy. Cf. tuak. 
p-rya'dap, a toddy-maker. 
sadar, see sdar. 

saf (Ar.), row, line, rank. Cf. 
ber-saf, in line, in battle array. 
sa'ga, a tree bearing red berries 
which are used in weighing 
sagi, see sgi. 

sa'gu, sago, the flour made from 
the rumbia or sago palm, 
and from tapioca. 
sa'gu rn'darg, pearl sago. 
ham'pas sa'gu, sago refuse. 
sa'gur, a dug-out. Cf. jalur. 
sah (Ar.), true, authentic, valid, 

legalised, right, correct. 
sa-ha'bat (Ar.), friend, com- 
panion; also sobat. Cf. 
handai, Tcawan and taulan. 
ber-sa-ha'bat, friendly; to be 

per-sa-ha'baAan, fellowship. 
sa-ha'ja, only, merely; also saja. 

Cf. chuma and harya. 
sa'hib (Ar.), master, owner; 
usually tua7i. 
sa~hi'bu 'l-Jii-ka'yat, the author 
of a story. 
sa'hut, m-rya'hut, to answer, re- 
ply. Cf. jaivab. 

sah'ya (Sk.) (6, 7), slave, ser- 
vant ; used as a pronoun' of 
the 1st person when address- 
ing a superior, and amongst 
Europeans almost exclusive- 
ly. Cf. hamba. 



sa'id, see sayyid. 
sa"iii;, her-sa"irg, together, going 
or working in company. 

sa"is (Ar.), groom, coachman. 
saja, see saliaja. 

sa'ji, dish, course, prepared food. 

Cf. hidaiy. 
tu'doiy sa'ji, a dish cover. 
bcr-sa'ji, to prepare food. 
sa'ji-an, prepared food, a 


sa'kai, followers, servants; ab- 
original tribes of the Malay 
Peninsula. Cf. r'ayat, smarg, 
jdkun and hnua. 

sa'kai, contrarjf, foul (of the 

sakh'lat (Pers.), woollen cloth; 
also sahlat. 

sa'kit, ill, sick; sore, painful; 

illness, disease. Cf. grirg 

and hisa. For list of diseases 

see Appendix. 
■ sa'kit gi'gi, toothache. 

sa'kit ha'ti, offended, angry 

with a person. 
sa'kit k-pa'la, headache. 
sa'kit pa'yah, seriously ill. 
sa'kit p-rot', stomach ache. 
sa'kit troh', seriously ill. 
ha'lek sa'kit, relapse. 
ja'toh sa'kit, and k'na sa'kit, to 

fall ill. 
sa'ki-ti, to cause pain, afSict. 

Cf. sehsa. 
p-rya'kit, illness, disease. 

sak-sa'ma (Sk.), patience, ac- 

sak'si (Sk.), a witness. 
sak'si dm' fa, false witness. 
na'ik sak'si, to bear witness, 
ber-sak'si, to bear witness, give 

sak'si-kan, to bear witness to a 
thing or person. 

Ti-sak'si-an, evidence, testi- 
mony; also htrargan. 

sak'ti (Sk.), supernatural power; 
possessed of supernatural 
k-sak'ti-an, stipernatural power. 
Cf. hikmat. 

sa'ku (Port.), a bag, pocket, 
sack. Cf. karory and pundi. 

sa'Iah, fault, error, mistake; 

wrong, erroneous, guilty. 

Cf. silap. 
sa'Iah d'rgdr, misunderstood, 

sa'Iah fa-ham', misundevstood, 

sa'Iah sa'tu and sa'Iah s'o'rarg, 

one of them, one of' the two. 
sa'Iah u'rat, a sprain. 
a' pa sa'Iah, what i? the matter ? 
o'raiy sa'Iah, a convict. 
ser'ha sa'Iah, entirely wrong. 
ber-sa'lah, guilty. 
sa'la-hi, to find fault with. 
sa'lah-kan, to parry a blow. 
h-sa'la-han, offence, crime. 
ber-sa'la-han, in error, differing 

from, on the contrary. 

sa'lai, m-rya'lai, to smoke over a 

sa'lak, m-rya'lak, to bark (as a 

sa-lam' (Ar.), peace; greeting, 

b-ri' sa-lam', to salute, greet. 
as-sa-lam' a-la'i-kum (159), 

peace be with you. 

sa'larg:, m-rya'larg, to execute by 
stabbing down from the 
shoulder to the heart with a 

salasa, see thalatha. 



sa'Ieh (Ar.), pious, godly. 

o'raiy sa'Ieh, a saint. 
sa'lib (Ar.), a cross. 

sa'lib-kan, to crucify. 

sa'lin, m-iya'lin, to change one 
thing for another (as 
clothes) ; to copy, transcribe, 
translate. Cf. tiru and ter- 

ier-sa'lin, copied, transcribed, 

her-sa'lin, to change one's 
clothes, bear children. 

pcr-sa'U-nan, a change of 
clothes (as a gift from a 

salju, see tlialju. 

sa'lut, her-sa'lut, envelope, wrap- 
per ; wrapped, covered, envel- 
oped. Cf. halut. 

sa'lu-ran, eaves-trough, gutter. 
Cf. alur and panchur. 

sa'ma (Sk.) (91), the same, 
equal, like, resembling; with; 
the Baba Chinese use sama 
in place of akan between a 
transitive verb and the direct 
object (150). 

■sa'ma ha'rydk, the same quan- 

■sa'ma h-sar', the same size. 

■sa'ma d'rgan, the same as. 

sa'ma ju'ga, just the same. 

sa'ma ma-nu-si'a, fellowmen. 

sa'ma ra'ta, on the same level. 

sa-ma-sa'ma and ber-sa-ma-sa'- 
ma, together. 

sa'ma sn-di'ri-rya, among them- 

sa'ma i'-rgah, exactly in the 

ti-a'da sa'ma-rya, he has no 
sa'mak, m-rya'male, to tan lea- 

sa'man (Eng.), summons; to 
summon, prosecute. 

sa'mar, m-rya'mar, to conceal, 
disguise, change one's form 
or appearance; also samar- 
kan diri. Cf. flma. 

sam'bal, condiments eaten with 
curry and rice. Cf. hulam. 

sam'bar, m-tyam'bar, to pounce 
on and carry oil (as birds of 
prey), seize; also sembar. y 
Cf. rampas. ' 

sam'bil (139), w^hile, whilst, as, 

sam'botg, m-ryam'boiy, to join, 
unite, append. Cf. huborg. 
sam-bo'rgan, lengthening piece, 
h3'ph3n; sequel of a book. 
sam'bot, m-ryam'bot, to receive 
in the hands, receive a 
guest, welcome. Cf. irima. 
sa'mon, m-rya'mon, to rob, es- 
pecially highway robbery: to 
take by force. Cf. rbot, 
samhar, rampas, and rompah. 
p-rya'mon, a robber. 
sam'pah, rubbish, refuse, dirt. 
sam'pai (63 b), to arrive, reach, 
come to, come : until ; suffici- 
ent. Cf. datarg and hirgga. 
sam'pai h-hal', for ever. 
sam'pai 'u'mor, of full age. 
sam'pai-han, to convey to, 
bring about, accomplish, per- 
sam'pai-han jan'ji, to perform 
one's promises. 
.sam'pak, a ferrule. 
sam'pan (Chin.), a small boat. 
sam'pan ko'tah, the Chinese 
boat with lockers in the 
sam'pan pan'jarg, a long Malay 
boat carrying mast and sail- 

S^W^'^-- . ^.^^-tr t^. (I' ^'^**^' 



sam'pan pu'hat, a fishing boat 

carrjdng a seine net. 
sam'pan iam'barg, a ferry boat. 

sam'par, epidemic, plague. 

sam'sei^, a ruffian. 

sa'na, there ; also di sana. 

sa'na si'ni, here and there, on 

all sides. 
de'ri sa'na, thence, from there. 
h-sa'na, thither. 
k-sa'na k-ina'ri, hither and 

thither, in all directions. 

sa'nak (Jay.), near relatives. 
sa'nak sau-da'ra, blood rela- 

sa'nat (Ar.), j^ear. 

san'daiig;, m-ryan'darg, to carry 
a thing slung over the shoiil- 
der with a strap or sash. 

san'dar, m-ryan'dar, -i, to prop 
up, support. 
ber-san'dar, to lean, lean 
against, recline. 

sa'i]g;at, very, exceedingly. Cf. 
k'Sa'rga-tan, iriimensity, inten- 

san^'gol, chignon, a knot of hair 
twisted up at the back of the 
head. Cf. kundai. 
chu'chok sarg'kol, the native 
hair pin. 

sarg'gop, to guarantee or profess 
to be able to do a thing, be 
• competent. 

safg'ka (Sk.), a conjecture, sup- 
position, idea; to think, ima- 
gine, suppose. Cf. fikir. 
sarg'ka-kan, to imagine a 
thing, suppose. 

sats'kal, m-ryary'kal, 4, to deny, 
disavow, disown. Cf. mvn- 

sang^'kar, sarg'ka-ran, a cage (as 
for birds). 

saig'kat, to stick, catch, hold 
ter-sarg'kot, caught, held fast. 

san'tan, the juice extracted from 
the nutty part of the coco- 
nut. Cf. klapa. 

san'tap, to eat or drink, or chew 

betel-nut (court language).. 

j^ san'tap si'reh, to chew betel-nut. 

sa'pa, m-rya'pa, to address, speak 


sa'pi, the ox; usually hnbu. 
mi'ryak sa'pi, beef fat. Cf. rji. 

sa'pu, m-rya'pu (86 d), to sweep^ 
brush; rub lightly. Cf. go- 

sa'pu chat', to paint. 

sa'pu ka'pur, to whitewash.. 
Cf. labur. 

sa'pu ta'rgan, handkerchief. 

p-iya'pu, a broom. 

sa'put, m-rya'put, to cover (as 
tc clouds on a hill top) . 

sa'raig, a nest. 

sa'rarg la-ha^a'ba, a spider's- 

sa'rarg I'bah, a bee's nest. 
sa'rarg ma'du, honeycomb. 

sa'rat, full, heavily loaded. 

sa'ri, ti'mah sa'ri, zinc. 

sa'roig, sheath, scabbard, case,, 
cover; especially the skirt 
which is worn both by men 
and women. Cf. kain. 

sa'rorg ban'tal, pillow case. 

sa'rorg ja'ri, finger-stall, thim- 

sa'rorg ka'ki, socks, stockings. 

sa'rorg k-ris', the sheath of the- 
Malay dagger. 

sa'rorg p-darg' , scabbard. 

ft vju«.ni 

§Cuvj|a- i\j^Ji(^MjiX Saa^^^.. , "l 


11 I 



sal r on} su'rat, an envelope. 

sa'rorg ia'rgan, glove.' 

Tca'in sa'rorg, or simply sarorg, 
the Malay skirt worn both 
by men and women; also 

sa'sa-ran, a target. 

sas-t-ra'wan (Sk.), astrologer. 

sa'tu, a, one; also s-, asa and 
sa'tu pun ti'dale, not one. 
sa-tu-sa'iu, one by one. 
la'gi sa'tu, one more. 
J-pas' sa'tu sa'tu, one after an- 
sa'lah sa'tu, one of them, one 
of the two. 
sau-da'gar (Pers.), a merchant, 

also sU'da'gar. Cf. dagarg. 
sau-da'ra (Sk.), brother, sister, 
near relative; also sudara. 
Cf. abarg, adek and haJcak. 
sau-da'ra s-pu'pu, first cousins. 
a'nak sau-da'ra, nephew, niece. 
ba'pa sau-da'ra, uncle. 
mak' sau-da'ra, aunt. 
sa'nak sau-da'ra, near relations. 
her-sau-da'ra, brothers, related. 
sa"uh, anchor, grapnel. 
sa"uh ter'harg, grapnel. 
horg'kar sa"uh, to weigh an- 
la'hoh-kan sa"uh and b-la'boh 
to anchor. 
sa'wa, u'lar sa'wa, a python. 
sa'wah, an irrigated rice field. 
Cf. Indarg, huina and ladarg. 
sa'wan, a iit, convulsions. 
sa'wi and s-sa'wi, mustard. 
sa'yai^:, pity, compassion ; alas 
(133) ; to pity, be sorry for, 
regret, be sparing, of, be 
economical in regard to. Cf. 
Jcaseh and lias. 

ha'seh sa'yarg, love and sympa- 

sa'yap, wing. Cf. kpak. 

sa'yu, sadness. 

sa'yup, hardly perceptible (of 
sight or sound). 

sa'yur, vegetables, herbs. 

sa-yur-sa'yu-ran, vegetables in 
general; also sa'yur-ma'yur. 

say'yid (Ar.), chief; a title given 
to the descendants of Mo- 

s-bab' (Ar.), cause, reason, 
motive; because, for. Cf. 

s-bah' i'tu, therefore. 

a' pa s-bab', why? 

de'ri s-hab' and o'leh s-bab', be- 
cause of, on account of. 

her-s-haV , with a reason, for 

s-bab'kan, to cause, occasion, 

s-bak', a'yer s-baV , inundation 
(of a river overflowing its 
banks). Cf. hah. 

s-bat', a blow (with a stick or 

sblah, see hlah. 

s-bot', m-ry-hof, -kan, to men- 
tion, utter, say. 
ter-S'bot', mentioned. 

sb'raiig:, on the other side (of a 

road or river), beyond. 
de'ri sh'rarg, from the other 

k-sb'rarg, across, to the other 

ber-sh-ra'rgan, on the opposite 

mriyb'rarg, to cross, pass over. 
sh'rarg-m-ryb'rarg, on both 


St^Sf'^^^^' I'^^s^^r^t) 



s-bu', m-ry-hu', to fill up a hole 
with earth. 

s-daig' (139, 140), while; where- 
as, as, inasmuch as ; medium, 
average, mediocre. 

s-dap', nice, pleasant to the 
senses. Cf. lazat. <> 

s-dar', m-ry-dar', -lean, aroused, 
?^ awakened, conscious of, aware 
of; to arouse, awaken. Cf. 
baryun and jaga. 

s-deh', heartache, sorrow of 
heart, bitter grief. 
ter-s-deh'-s-deh' J bitterly griev- 

s-der-ha'na (Sk.), medium, 
average, middliig. Cf. s- 

s-di'a (Sk.), ready, prepared; al- 
ready. Cf. siap. 
s-di'a-kan, to prepare, make 

s-di-a-ka'la, former, ancient ; 
always, continually. Cf. sd- 

s-di'kit, a little, a few, some; also 

s'd-kah' (Ar.), alms, charity. 
Cf. derma, 
min'ta s'd-kali', to beg. 
s-d-hah'-Tcan, to give in alms. 
s-d-ka'la (Sk.), alwaj^s, continu- 
ally, usual, usually. Cf. 
slalu, sntiasa and sdia. 
s-d-liig'gam (Tam.), vermilion. 
s-du', ter-s-du'-s-du' , sobbing. 
sebok, see siboTc. 
sehat, see sihat. 
sek'sa (Sk.), punishment, ill- 
treatment, pain, suffering. 
Cf. srgsara. 
h'na sek'sa, to get punished. 
sek'sa-kan, to punish, inflict 
pain. Cf. hukum. 

Ke^^ v^eoL a>^ K. 6^ 

se'la (Port.), a saddle. 

sem'bar, to pounce on = samhar^ 

sem'paii;, m-iyem' parg , to de- 
viate, diverge, branch off; 
cross roads, a branch road,. 

e-Mifc^^tjieet^^ <o%poC'^ 

sen dok (B.), spoon = smcZo^'. 

se'iget, leaning, out of the per- 
pendicular. Cf. chondrorg^ 
mevarg and serorg. 

sei^'kat, short, shortened. Cf.. 
pendek and rergkas. 

seigseig, see sirgsirg. 

se'pak, m-rye'pak, to kick to the- 
front with the upper part of 
the foot, as opposed to tn~ 
darg, to kick backwards with 
the sole of the foot, and tra- 
jarg, to kick downwards 
with the sole of the foot. 
se'pak ra'ga, to plav the Malay 
game of football. 

se'rak, scatter, spread out in con- 

ser'ba (Sk. sarva, all), utensils, 
furniture, gear. Cf. per- 

ser'ba ka'pal, the tackle of a 

ser'ba ru'mdh, household fur- 

ser'ba sa'lah, altogether wrongs. 

ser'ban (Pers.), a turban. 
serbat, see sherbat. 
ser'bok, powder. 

ser'bu, m-ryer'bu, to rush at,. 

spring upon, attack. Cf. 

ser'dai]^, a tall palm tree. 

se'ret (Jav.), to trail or drag- 
along the ground. 




ha'sui se'rei, slippers. 
ser'kap, a hencoop, a basket of 
the same shape used to catch 

se'ron?, oblique, slanting. Cf. 
mereng,.serget and chondrorg. 
ser'ta, with, together with; 
(139) when, as. Cf. diyan 
and sama. 
ser'ta d'ryan, together with. 
ser'ta-m er'ta, immediately. 
l-ser'ta (98), with, accom- 

ser'ta'i (99), to accompany. 
ser'ta-lian, to unite. 

ser'wa (Sk. sarva), all, in the 
phrase : Tulian serwa sklian 
'alam,, Lord of the whole 
universe ; usually mispro- 
nounced sru. Cf. serha. 

setan, see skaitan. 

se'wa, m-rye'wa, rent, hire; to 
let, hire. 
se'wa ka'pal, passage money on 

a ship. 
se'iva ru'mah, the rent of a 

h-re'ta se'v:a, hackney carriage. 
s-ga'la (Sk.), all; sometimes 
used merely to indicate the 
plural number (82). Cf. 
smoa and sklian. 
s-gan', reluctant, averse to. 

p-ry-gan', a sluggard. 
s-gar', refreshed, revived. 

»-gi' or sa'gi, in its derivative : 
per-s-gi', sided, having sides or 

am'pat per-s-gi' , square. 
ti'ga per-s-gi', three sided, tri- 

sg'ra (Sk.), speed, haste; quick, 
quickly. Cf. Ihas and ba- 


ejf o Co^ 



ber-sg'ra, to be quick, make 

sg'ra-kan, to hasten, expedite. 
shah' (Pers.), emperor, king. 

sha-ha'dat (Ar.), confession of 
k-li'mah sha-ha'dat, the Mo- 
hammedan profession of 

shah-ban'dar, harbour-master. 
sha'hid (Ar.), a witness, martyr. 
sha'ir' (Ar.), barley. 
sha"ir (Ar.), a poem, poetry. 
shai'tan (Ar.), Satan, the devil; 
a demon. Cf. iblis. 

shak' (Ar.), doubt, suspicion, 
mistrust. Cf. wasargka. 

sha'rat (Ar.), rule, regulation; 
condition, stipulation ; con- 
tract, agreement. 

sha'ri'at (Ar.), law, divine law, 

shekh' (Ar.), a chief. 

sher'bat (Ar.), lemonade. 

shor'ga (Sk.), heaven. Cf. la- 
rgit, indra and kayargan. 

shu'kor (Ar.), thanksgiving^ 
praise. Cf. kaseh and puji. 

si, a particle placed before proper 
names, nouns and adjectives, 
somewhat in the same way as 
the word Mr. in English, as 
in the following phrases: 

si-A'li, Mr. Ali. 

si-a'nu, Mr. so and so. 

si-a'pa? who? 

ba'rarg si-a'pa, whoever. 

si borg'kok, Mr. hunchback. 

si pn-chu'ri, Mr. thief. 

si-a'-si-a', in vain, useless, futile, 
of no avail. Cf. chuma. 



si'al, unlucky, inauspicious, ill- 
omened. Cf. chlaka. 

si-a'mang, the gibbon. 

si-aii;', daylight, day as opposed 
to night; early, early in the 
si-aiy' lia'ri, daylight, day as 

opposed to night. 
si-arg' ma'lam, day and night. 
si-arg'-si-aty', very early. 

si-ap', ber-si-ap', prepared, made 
ready ; to be ready or prepar- 
ed, especially of food, clothes, 
etc. Cf. sdia. 
si-ap'han, to prepare, make 

si-a'sat (Ar.), punishment, tor- 
ture ; to investigate, examine. 
si-a'sat-han, to torture, make a 
searching examination. 

siau' (B.) (Chin.), to digest. 

si'bok busy, busily engaged (of 
a number of persons at 
work) ; also sebok. 

si-da-si'da, a title of certain 
officers at court, a eunuch. 

si'daig, assembly, society, com- 
pany; also sidarg jma'ah. 
Cf. jma'ah and horgsi. 

si'dek, ru'iyi'dekj to examine 
carefully; usually slideJc. 

siet-siet' (B.) (Chin.), false, 
deceptive, hypocritical. 

si 'fat (Ar.), quality, condition, 
attribute, character, nature; 
also pronounced sipat. 

si'gai, a bamboo with the bran- 
ches cut to the length of a 
span to form a ladder. 

si'hat (Ar.), good health; heal- 
thy, well. Cf. ryaman and 

si-hir' (Ar.), magic; also 'ilmu 
sihir. Cf. obat. 

si'kap, figure, posture, attitude. 

si'kat, a comb, a harrow ; a bunchi 
(of bananas). Cf. sisir. 
si'hat ram'bot, a hair comb. 

si'kit, a \iii\& = sdikit, q.v. 

si'ku, the elbow; angle. 

si'la, ber-si'la (158), to sit with 
the legs crossed under one; 
to invite a person to sit 
down ; to invite ; also silahan. 

si'la du'dolc, please sit down. 

si'la ma'sok, please come in. 

du'dok ber-si'la, to sit cross- 

per-si'la-han, to invite. 

si-la-si'lah (Ar. silsilah), gene- 

si'lap (Ar. Tchilaf), a mistake, 
\. error, over-sight. 
n si'lap ma'ta, sleight of hand. 

sim'pai, a circle, ring, hoop. 

sim'pan, m-ryim'pan (86 c), to 
keep, preserve, take care of, 
save. Cf. plihara and taroh. 

sim'pol, a knot. 

siiit'pol hi'dop, sim'pol pu'leh, 

running knot, bow. 
sim'pol ma'ii, a knot that will 

not slip. 
ter-sn-ryum' sim'pol, a slight 


si'nar, m-ryi'nar, a sunbeam, a 
ray of light; to shine. Cf. 

sin'dir, m-ryin'dir, to mock, jeeFj 
rail at. Cf. oloh. 

si'iiga (Sk.), a lion. 

siiig'gah, to call in at a place, 

visit, stay temporarily. 

siiig-ga-sa'na (Sk.), thTone. Cf. 

sing;it, see serget. 

y sif^B'^T '^ 



sins'kap, m-iyirg'lcap, to turn 
back, draw aside (as a cur- 

sirg^kek (Chin.), a Chinese coo- 
ly ; a recent immigrant. 

siig'sing, m-ryirg'sirg, to turn up, 
turn back, tuck up (as the 
trowsers or the sleeves of a 
coat). Cf. sirgkap. 

si'ni, here; also di sini. 

sa'na si'ni, here and there, 

de'ri si'ni, from here, hence. 

si'pai (Pers. sipalii), a soldier, 
sepoy. Cf. soldado and lash- 

si pat, see sifat. 

si'put, shell, univalve shellfish. 

si'pu, ter-si-pu-si' pu, bashful, 

si'ram, m-ryi'ram, to sprinkle, 
water (as flowers). Gt. pcr- 
chek and rnjis. 
ber-si'ram, to bathe (court lan- 

si'reh, betel-pepper, a creeper, 
the leaves of which are chew- 
ed with betel-nut. Cf. pi- 
si'reh s-ka'pnr, one chew of 

ma'kan si'reh, to chew betel- 

si'rip, fin. 

si'sa (Sk.), remainder, remains 
of a repast; see remah. Cf. 

si'sek, the scales of a fish or 
si'sek p-nju', tortoise-shell. 

si'si, the side; at the side, near 
by; usually di sisi. 

si'sip, m-ryi'sip, to insert, slip 
in, thrust in. Cf. slit. 

si'sir (Jav.), a comb = Malay 

si'ti (Ar.), a lady, Mrs.; used as 
a title of ladies of position. 

si'tu and di si'tu, there. Cf. 
de'ri si'tu, thence. 
k-si'iu, thither. 

si'ul, her-si'ul, to whistle. 

si-u'man, conscious, in posses- 
sion of one's mental facul- 
ties, recovered from a faint- 
ing fit. Cf. sihat. 

s-jah't-ra (Sk.), peace, tranquil- 
ity. Cf. sntausa and damai. 

s-ja'rah (Ar.), genealogy, chro- 
nicles, annals. 

s-juk', cold, cool. Cf. dirgin. 
k'na s-juh', to catch a chill. 

s-ka'li, very; see kqli. 

s-kam', chaff, the husks of padi. 
Cf. hmpa. 

s-ka'raig, now. 

s-ka'rarg i'ni, just now. 
ma'lam s-ka'rarg, to-night. 

s-kat', m-ry-hat', to barricade. 

s-k-li'an all. Cf. sgala and 

s-ko'i, millet. 

s-ko'Iah (Port.), school. 
s-ko'lah a-ga'ma, Sunday- 
school (X.). 

s-k-rup' (Eng.), screw; also pa'- 
ku s-k-rup'. 

s-ku'chi (D.), a small sailing 

s-ku'tu, associate, member of a 



her-s-leu'tu, to be associated 

per-s-hu'iu-an, association, so- 
ciety. Cf. jma'ah and honj- 
s-la', empty space, space, room. 

ti-a'da her-s-la', there was no 

s-la'datg, the wild ox. 

s-Iam', m-ry-lam', to dive, dive 

s-la'mat (Ar.), health; safety, 

security; salvation (X.). 
s-la'mat ja'lan (159), go in 

peace (the nsuai Malay 

salutation) . 
s-la'mat tirg'gal, abide in peace. 
Ju'ru S-la'mat, Saviour (X.). 
s-la' mat-Jean, to save, preserve 

from danger. 
s-lam'pit, a plait, plaiting. Cf. 

s-lat|^', interval of time or space. 

Cf. jaralc and antara. 
s-Iar', m-ry-lar', to brand. 
s-la'sa, ha'ri s-la'sa, Tuesday = 

s-la'sar, verandah. 
s-la'seh (Sk.), basil, mint. 
s-lat', strait, channel; the town 

of Singapore. 
s-la'tan, the South. 
sibi, see sulbi. 
s-len'daig, a garment worn over 

one shoulder by Malay wo- 
s-fe'ra, appetite. 
slerar^, see leraiy. 
s-li'dek, m,-ry-U'deJc, to examine 

carefully; also sideh. Cf. 

s-li'gi, a javelin. Cf. tomhah 

and Imbiiy. 

s-li'mut, a blanket or other bed 
s-li'mut-kan, to cover with a 

s-lin'dorg, her-s-lin'dorg, to take 

s-Ii'seh, her-s-li'seh, to differ, be 
at variance, quarrel. 
per-s-W se-lian , dispute, quarrel. 

s-li'sek, m-iy-U'seJc, to hunt for 
vermin in hair, to preen. 

s-lit', inserted, slipped or pushed 
in between two surfaces. 

s-Iok', m-ry-loV , to insert hand 
or finger. 

s-]o'ka (Sk.), verses of poetry, 
couplets. Cf. pantun and 

s-l-sai', m-ry-l-sai' , -lean, to de- 
cide, settle, adjust. 

s-l's-ma, catarrh, a cold in the 

s-lu'ar (Ar.), trowsers. Cf. 


s-lu'borg, vi-ry-lu'boiy, to cover 
up, envelop. 

s-lu'dat^, the sheath which covers 

the blossom on palms. 
s-Ium'bar, a splinter. 

s-lu'pat, cuticle, thin membra- 
nous covering. 

s-lu'roh, the whole, all (of su- 
perficial measure). 

s-lu'roh neg'ri, the whole city 
or country. 

s-lu'roh tu'boh, all over one's^ 

s-mai', m-n/mai , to sow seed in 
a nursery, from which the 
seedlings are afterwards to 
be planted out. 
s-mai' an, a nursery for plants. 



s-ma'ja, only =sahaja. 

s-mak', a thicket, underwood, 
bushes. Cf. hliikar. 

s-mam'bu, Malacca cane. 

s-maig', aboriginal tribes of the 
Malay Peninsula. Cf. sakai 
and hnua. 

s-ma'ngat, the soul, life, the 
spirit of life, consciousness. 
Cf. rymva and roll, 
lii'larg s-ma'rgat, to lose con- 

s-man^'ka, water-melon. 

s-man-ta'ra, while, during. Cf. 

s-mat', m-iy-mat'j to stitch, 

fasten together with rattan 

or thin pieces of wood or 

s-ma'yam, to sit in state (of 

sm'bah, m-rym'hali, to worship, 
do homage to, make obeis- 
ance; to speak to a superior. 
Cf. smbahyarg. 

sm'bah su'jud, to worship or do 
homage by prostrating one- 

ber-da'targ sm'bah, to come and 
address a superior. 

hi' rim sm'bah, to send a mes- 
sage of submission to a king. 

su'rat sm'bah, a letter of sub- 

per-sm'bah-han, to make a 
present to a superior, to 
make an offering to God. 

per-sm'ba-han, a present to a 
superior, an offering or sacri- 
fice to God. Cf. korban. 
sm-bah'yaig, worship, religi- 
ous ceremonies; to worship: 
derived from smbah, to wor- 
ship, and Ya-)ri, God, q.v. 

a'yer sm-bah'yaiy, water for re- 
ligious ablutions. 
ber-sm-bah'yarg , to worship. 

stn'bap, dropsy, dropsical swell- ^ ^, 
ing. "^ f H 

sm'b-leh, m-rym'b-leh, to kilt O 
for food by cutting the- $/, 
throat (usually with reli- 
gious ceremonies) ; to sacri- 
fice. Cf. poionj. 

sm'b-lit, constipation. 

sm-bi'lan, nine. (For derived 
forms see ampat). 

sm-bi'lu, a splinter of bamboo 

used as a knife. 
sm'boh, m-rym'boh, -kan, healed^ 

recovered from sickness or 

wounds; to heal, cure. 
sm-bo'yan, an alarm signal. 

sm-bu'iyi, to hide, conceal. Cf. 
ter-sm-bu'ryi, hidden. 

sm'bur, m-rym'buVj to squirt out,, 
spirt out. 

s-mer'bak, to pervade, be dif- 
fused (of odours). 

s-mis'ta (Sk.), all, the whole, in 
the phrase: smista 'dlam, the 
whole universe. ^ ^ ^di^ 

s-mn'jak, since, i^^ Vn ri-/<3^ w^ 

s-mo'a (Sk.), all. Cf. s^fffl/a and ^\ 
sJcKan. v 

sm-pa'dan, boundary. 

stn'pat, leisure, time or oppor- 
tunity or ability to do a 

sm'pit, ■ narrow. Cf. pichelc. jh'^'''' 

sm'poa" (Chin.), abacus. ^' ' 

sm-pur'na (Sk.), perfect, com- 
sm-pur'na-kan, to perfect, com- 



s-mu', deceit, cheating. 
s-mut', an ant. 

s-naig' (146), ease, contentment; 
eas)', contented, satisfied, 
comfortable. Cf. mudah. 
n-nairj'kan, to set at rest, set at 

l:-s-na'rgan, ease, complacence, 
s-na'paiig; (D.), a gun, rifle, fire- 

sn'da, ier-sn'da, a joke, a jest; 
to jest. Cf. gurau and 

sn-da'wa (Sk.), saltpeter. 

sn'di (Sk.), the joints or sinews 
of the human body. 

sn-di'ri (22-24), self; see diri. 

sn'dok, spoon = (B.) sendoh. 

Cf. sudu. 

s-igai', to show the teeth. 

s-nga'ja, on purpose, intention- 
s-igal', rheumatism. 

s'ngat, ni-ry'rgat, the sting of an 
insect; to sting. 
p-iy'rgat, a wasp. >■•■ 

s-igau', nasal sounds, speaking 
through the nose. 

siig'kaTg, bar, cross-bar (of a 

sig-sa'ra (Sk.), suffering, pain, 

agony, torture. Cf. sehsa. 
srg-sa'ra-lcan, to torture. 

s-ni', fine, thin, slender, thread- 
like. Cf. halus. 
snin, see ithnain. 
sn-ja-ka'la (Sk.), eventide. 

sn-ja'ta, weapons, arms. Cf. 
her-sn-ja'ia, armed. 

sn-iyap', quiet, still, silent. 

sn-iyum', usually ter-sn'ryum' , 
smiling; to smile. 
tcr-sn-ryum' sim'pol, smiling 

sn'tak, m-ryn'tah, to tug, jerk, 
snatch away. Cf. rntah. 

sn-tau'sa (Sk.)^ security, safety, 
peace. Cf. sjahtra. 

sn-ti-a'sa (Sk.), always, con- 
tinually, incessantly ; also 
snntiasa. Cf. slalu. 

sn'toh, m-ryn'toh, to come in 
contact with, touch. Cf. ja- 

s-no'noh, seemly, becoming. 

so'dok, ni'Tyo'dok, to scoop up, 
p-ryo'dol", a shovel. 

sohbat, see saliabat. 

so'ja (B.), to worship, do ho- 
mage by a movement of the 
hands with the palms to- 
gether (of men only = sm6afe 
of women). 

so'kong;, a prop, shore. Cf. Ica- 

sol-da'do (Port.), soldier. Cf. 

som'borg, proud, arrogant. Cf. 

song'kok, cap. Cf. kopiah and 

so'pak, a skin disease causing 
white patches on the hands 
and feet. 

so'pan, polite, courteous, respect- 
ful; politeness. 

so'rak, her-sp'rak, shouts of tri- 
umph or acclamation, war 
cry; to shout. 

so're (Jav.), afternoon = Malay 



so'roii;, m^vjo'rorg, to push along, 

so'toh (Ar.), house-top, the flat 

roof of a house. 
so'totg, cuttlefish. 
s-pak', m-iy-pah'j a slap ; to slap. 
s-paig', sappan wood. 

s-pa'roh (Jav.), half, one half; 
a part, a portion, some. Cf. 
s-pa'roh ha'his, half finished. 
s-pa'roh ma'ii, half dead. 
s-pat', a small fish. 

s-pa'tu (Port.), shoe, boot. Cf. 

s-pa'ya, in order that, so that. 
s-pa'ya ja'rgan, lest. 

s-per'ti, like, as, such as, as if. 
d'rgan s-per'ti-rya, becomingly, 

s-pit', m-ry-pit', to nip, pinch. 
ma'kan s-pit', to eat with chop- 
sticks = (B.) makan sumpit. 

s-poh', m-ry-poh', to temper steel, 

colour gold by ' dipping in 

s-pu'i-s-pu'i, light, gentle (of 

the wind). 
s-rah', ni'-ry-rah' , 'han, to hand 

over, deliver, intrust. 
s-rah'han di'ri, to yield, suj ^ 

render. gU-^fUkf.wT^'^*!* 
s-rai', lemon grass. V'lwti/j UuXf u<- 
s-ram'bi, a porch. ^ ' •- — " 

s-ram', the tremulous feeling 

produced by cold or fear; 
s-ram'paii:, a large fish-spear. 

s-rarg', m-ry-rarg', to attack, as- 
sail, storm (cities or cou.n- 
tries). Qi.larggar. 

s-raig', head boatman. 

s-ra'ni, Eurasian; a corruptiod 
of nasrani, q.v. 

s-ra'si, suitable, well adapted;, 
see rasi. 

s-ra'ya, and. 

s-rek', intimidated by pain. 

s-ri' (Sk.), splendour, brightness, 
gi'gi s-ri', the front teeth. 

s-ri-ga'la (Sk.), jackal. 

s-rin'dit, the love-bird. 

s-ro'ja (Sk.), the lotus. 

sru, see serwa. 

s-ru', m-ry-ru' and her-s-ru', to 
call out, cry out. 

s-ru'nai (Pers.), a kind of 
clarionet, giving -a very shrill 
s-sah', m-nj-sah', to whip, fiog 

(with a whip or rattan). 
s-sak', tight, pinched, confined,, 
hard pressed by want. Cf- 
pichek and smpit. 
s-sak' da'da, asthma. 
p-noh' s-sak', chock-full. 
s-sal', m-ry-sal', remorse; to re- 
gret, repent. Cf. taubat. 
s-sat', m-ry-sat', astray, in error; 
to stray, wander, err, go 
astray. Cf. hanjut. 
s-sat' ba'rat, altogether astray. 
s-sat'kan, to cause to err. 
s-taig'gi, incense. 
s-ti'a (Sk.), fidelity, loyalty. 
Cf. hakti. 
o'hah-kan s-ti'a, to break faith. 
sum' pah s-ti'a, to swear loyalty. 
s-ti-a'wan (Sk.), faithful, loyal. 
s-to'ri (D. and Eng.), a fuss, 
much ado. 
ba'ryak S'to'ri, to make a long 



stra, see sutra. 

s-t-ri'ka (Port.), to iron. 

s-t-rop' (D.), syrup. 

s-t-ru' (Sk.), adversary, personal 
enem}^ as opposed to muscih, 
the enemy of one's country. 

her-s-i-ru' , hostile, unfriendly. 

pcr-s-t-ru'an, enmity, animo- 

su'al (Ar.), a question. QLtanja. 
su'ai ja'wdb, interpellation, 

her-su'al ja'wab, to catechize. 

su-am', lukewarm, tepid. 

su-a'mi (Sk.), husband (more 

respectful than lain). Cf. 

ber-sn-a'mi, to have a husband, 

be married (of women). 
bey-su-a'mi-Jcan, to marry a 


su-ap', a mouthful, a bite (of 

food) ; a bribe. 
b-ri' su-ap', to give a bribe. 
ma'han su-ap' j to receive a 

su-ap'han, to feed by mouth- 


su-a'ra (Sk.), the voice. 

su-a'ra yarg tya'rirg, a loud 

n/a'rirg-kan su-a'ra, to raise the 

ber-su-a'ra, to utter a sound. 

su-a'sa (Sk.), an alloy of gold, 
and copper. 

su-a'tu, a, one; also satu and s-. 
s-su-a'tu, something, anything. 
s-ga'la s-su-a'tu, everything. 
ba'rarg s-su-a'tu, whatever. 

su'baiig;, ear ornaments. Cf. an- 

sub-ha'na-hu (Ar.), to Him be 
praise ; usually in the phrase : 
Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala, 
God, to Him be praise, and 
be He exalted. 
su'boh (Ar.), dawn; one of the 

hours of prayer. 
su'bur, healthy, luxuriant (of 
plants and sometimes of 
human beings). 
su'chi, clean, pure, holy. Cf. 
chuclii, kudus and berseh. 
su'clii-l-an, to clean, cleanse, 

Ic-su'chi-an, purity. 
sudagar, see saudagar. 
'su'dah (41, 74-76), done, finish- 
ed, completed; an auxiliary 
verb indicating past time 
(45-48) ; enough, sufficient, 
that will do. Cf. habis and 
su'clah chu'hop, that is enough. 
su'dah lia'bis, finished. 
su'dah hi'larg, it is lost. 
su'dah la'ma, a long time ago. 
su'dah ma'lam, it is night al- 

su'dah tu'a, it is old. 
su'dah t'a'da, it is gone or dis- 
b-ltim' su'dah, not yet finished. 
la'ma su'dah, a long time ago, 

finished a long time. 
su'dah-l-nn, to terminate, bring 

to an end. 
h-su'da-han, end, conclusion. 
ii-a'da ber-h-su' da-han, without 
end, unending. Cf. putus. 
sudara, see saudara. 
su'di, to be satisfied, agree, be 
willing. Cf. Icnan and redla. 
su'du, a spoon. Cf. sndoh. 
su'gi, ber-su'gi, to brush the 



Su'ji, in-ryu'ji, to embroider. 
su'ji (Sk.), meal, grain. 
su'jud (Ar.), to prostrate oneself, 
bow down with the face to 
the earth (as in prayer). 
^^ su'ka (Sk.), pleasure, joy; to re- 
joice, be glad, enjoy, like, 
wish. .Cf. gmar. 
su-ka-cki'ta, joy, gladness. 
su'lca ha'ti, pleasure. 
her-su'ha and bersu-ha-su'Jca, 

to rejoice, enjoy oneself. 
su'lea-kan, to please, satisfy. 
k-su'ha'an, enjoyment, pleasure, 
desires, wishes. 
su'kar, difficult, not easy, irk- 
some, arduous. Cf. susah. 
h-su'lca-ran, trouble, affliction. 
su'kat, m-ryu'hat, to measure 
(capacity). Cf. ukor. 
mi'lca-ian. a measure. 
su'ku (35), a quarter, fourth 
part; a tribe, branch of a 
s-su'lcu, a quarter. 
ti'ga su'ku, three-quarters. 
su'kun, the bread fruit. 
su'la (Sk.), a sharp stake on 
which formerly erimiiials , 
were impaled; to impale; 
also sulakan. 
sul'bi (Ar.), the backbone; the 

sul'di, hu'ali sul'di, Adam's ap- 
su'liiig:, a flute, flageolet. 
su'lit, hidden, secret. Cf. rahsia 

and smbuni. 
^u'loh, ra-ryu'loh, a torch; to 

show a light with a torch. 
su'loig, first-born, eldest child; 
also anak sulovg. Cf. borgsu. 
sul'tan (Ar.), sultan, supreme 

su'lu, a spy. 

sum'bat, m-ryum'bat, a pUig, 
cork, stopper; to plug, stop 
up. Cf. tumpat. 

sum'biis:, a notch (as in th6 
edge of a knife). 
bi'bir sum'hirg, harelip. 

sumboh, see smboh. 

Bum'bu, lampwiek. 

sum'pah, ber-sum'pah, an oath, 
a curse ; to swear, curse. Cf. 
kutok and I'anat. 

k'na sum'pah, to be cursed. 

ma'kan sum'pah, to perjure 

sum'pit and sum'pi-tan, the 

blow pipe. 

sum'pit, a small bag of plaited 
mrgkuarg leaves. 

sum'pit (B.), chopsticks, see 

su'nat (Ar., tradition), m-ryu'- 
nat, -kan, circumcision; to 
circumcise. Cf. khatan. 

sun'dal, a prostitute. 

per-sun'da-lan, fornication. 

Su'igai, a river. 

a'nak su'iyai, a stream. 

sutg'goh, true, real, genuine. 

Cf. bnar, btul, and sah. 
- s-surg' goh-rya, truly. 

surg'goh pun, although. Cf. 

ber-surg'goh-surg'goh, in ear- 
nest, with all one's might. 
surg'goh-kan, to verify, sub- 
stantiate, corroborate. 

suig'kor, m-ryurg'kor, to bend, 
bow down. Cf. tundok. 
ter-surg'kor, bowed down. 

suis'kop, m-ryurg'kop, to cover 
with a vessel. 



suig'sarg;, backwards, upside 

su'igut, her-su'rgut, to grumble, 

sun'titig, flowers or ornaments 
worn in the hair or behind 
the ear. 

sun'tok, complete (of time). 

su'iyi (Sk.), solitary, lonely, de- 
p^j solate, uninhabited, unfre- 

quented, quiet, private. 
i su'rah (Ar.), a chapter of the 

' Koran. 

su'rat, a writing, letter, book, 
handwriting. Cf. tulis. 
su'rat hu'targ, a bill. 
su'rat hha'bar, a newspaper. 
su'rat M'ri-man, a letter. 
su'rat h-t-ra'rgan, certificate. 
su'rat ku-a'sa, a power of attor- 
su'rat per-jan'ji-an, written 

su'rat ta'lak, a letter of divorce. 
su'rat wa'si-at, a will. 
ha'las su'rat, to answer a letter. 
hu'ryi su'rat, the contents of a 

h-pa'la su'rat, the heading of 

a letter. 
mu'ka su'rat, a page of a book. 
ter-su'rat, written. 
su'rau, a village mosque or pray- 
er house. Cf. mandarsah. 
su'roh, m-ryu'roli, to order, com- 
mand. Cf. hukum and psan. 
. su'roh-kan, to order, send a 

p-tyu'roh and p-su'roh, a mes- 
su'ro-lian, an envoy. Cf. utus. 

suroig, see sororg. 
su'rut, ebb tide; also ayer swut. 
Cf. pasarg. 

su'sah, trouble, annoyance, wor- 
ry, distress; troublesome, an- 
noying, vexatious, difficult. 
Cf. sukar. 

su' sah-kaii, to trouble, annoy, 

k-su'sa-han, annoyance, afflic- 
tion, distress. 

su'su, the breasts ; milk. 
a'yer su'su, milk. 
k-pa'Ia su'su, cream. 
ma'ta su'su, nipple. 
su'su'i, to give milk to, nurse. 

su'sun, m-ryu'sun, to arrange in 
regular order, fit together, 
pile up. Cf. rakit. 

su'sur, m-ryu'sur, edge, margin; 
to go along the edge of any- 
thing, sail along the coast. 

su'sut, to diminish, shrink. 

su't-ra (Sk.), silk. 

h-narg' su't-ra, silk thread. 
in'dok su't-ra, the cocoon of the 
silk worm. 

ta', not; a contraction from tidak 

ia'a'da or t'a'da, is not, are not 

= tiada. 
ta'a'kan or t'a'kan, will not, it 

cannot be that — . 
ta'ba'ik, not good, bad. 
ta'bo'leh, cannot, impossible. 
ta'da'pat, does not succeed, 

ta'da'pat ti-a'da, it cannot but 

be, it must. 
ta'gu'na, useless. 
ta'ja'di, it did not come to pass, 

it will not do. 
ta'nam'pak, it is not seen. 
ta'sa'ma, not the same, unlike. 
ta'u'sali, not necessary, never 


Si;'^3,v '*;'V1''. 


-1^ A K >/R _ ^ ^^^{^g? ?^ 



ta'a'la (Ar.), e:ia,lted; in the 
phrase: Allah ta'ala, God, 
exalted be He! 

ta'alok, see t'aloh. 

la'bal (Ar.), drum. Cf. gndran; 
and rbana. 
ta'hal-han, to announce by the 
beating of a drum. 

ta'bek, greeting, salutation 
(159). Cf. salam. 

la'bi'at (Ar.), nature, disposi- 
tion, character. Cf . pherti 
and prargai. 

la'bib (Ar.), docton Cf. dulcun 
&ni doktor. 

ta'bir, curtain. Cf. tirai. 

ft'a'bir (Ar.), explanation, inter- 
fa'bir-han, to explain, give the 
meaning- of, ■ 
ta'bo-han, hornet =,thuan. 

ta'bong:, a length of bamboo used 

to contain fluids. 
la'bur, m-na'bur, scatter, sow (as 
seed). Cf. hambur. 
p-na'bur, a sower; small shot. 
ber-ta'bu-mn, scattered, dis- 
ta'b.ut (Ar.), the ark of the cove- 

ta'chi (B.) (Chin.), elder sister; 

. usually Icakak. 
ta'chiig(B,), worm ^ chachiiy. 

la'dah, m-na'dah, to catch or 
hold in the open hands, or in 
a vessel (as liquids) ; to ex- 
tend the hands in such an 
attitude, as in prayer. Cf. 

ta'di, just now, just, a moment 
ago, lately. Cf. bharu. 
id'di pa'gi, this morning. 

ina'ldm ta'di, last night. 
taf'sir (Ar.), a commentary (es- 
pecially on the Koran). 
ta'gar, thunder, 
ta'geh, craving; usually htageh. 

tab, an interrogative particle = 

ta-han', m-na-han', -han, to hear, 
endure, withstand. i?' 

ta-han' da' rah, to stanch blood, 

ta-han' naf'su, to restrain one's 

ter-ta-han', restrained, endured. 
ta'hi, excrement,, refuse. 

ta'hi b-si', rust, 

ta'hi ger-ga'gi, sawdust. 

fa'hi la'lai, moles, freckles. 

ta'hi t-li'rga, earwax. 
"ta'hil, a. measure of weight; see 

end of Grammar. 
ta'hu '(62), to' know, understand, 
be accustomed. ' Cf . hhal. 

ta'hu 'a'dat, to know how to be- 
have, be polite. 

ta'hu ber-lea-ta-ha'ta, to be able 
to speak (of children). 

ta'h II dii'doh, to be able -to sit 
up (of children), 

b-ri' ta'hu, to make known, in- 
form. Cf. khabar. 

s-ta'hv, cpgni-zant, privy to. 

xi-a'pa ta'hu, who knows, I 
don't know. 
- k-ia'hu-i (102 /) (126), to 
know a thing, be aware of. 

k-ta'hu-an, known, that which 
is Icnown. 

her-k-ta'hu-fin, known, being 

prg-ta'hu-aii, knowledge, learn- 
ing, information. 

bpi'-prg-ta'hu-an, to have know- 
ledge, know. 
ta'hun, year. 



ta'hun b-ha'ru, the ISTew Year. 

ta'hun da'targ, next year. 

ta'hun d-hu'lu, last year. 

ta'hun la'Iu, last year. 

ta'hun M-si'hi, the year of the 
Christian era, A. D. 

ier-ta-hun-ta'hun, for years, 
year after year. 

s-ta'hun la'ma-rya, for a year. 

m-na'hun, to stay a year in a 
tai'ko (B.) (Chin.), leprosy = 

ta'jak, m-na'jaJc, a heavy cutting 
instrument with a long han- 
dle used for cutting down 
the weeds In an irrigated rice 
field ; to cut down weeds with 
this instrument. 

.^a'jam, sharp (of cutting instru- 
ments and of the intellect). 

■ Jcu'rarg ta'jam, blunt. Cf. 
ta'jam-kan, to sharpen. Cf. 

ta'ji, the artificial spur used with 
fighting cocks. 

t'a'jub (Ar.), astonished. Cf. 

"tak'dir (Ar.), ordained, decreed; 

the will or decrees of God. 
tah'dir-Jcan, to decree, appoint, 


.takh'ta (Ar.), throne. Cf. sirg- 

ia'kok, a notch. 

ta'kot, fear; afraid, frightened; 
to be afraid, fear. Cf. dah- 
shat and hjot. 
i-ri' ta'Jcot, to frighten. 
ta'ho-ti, to fear a person. 
p-na'hot, a coward; shy (of 
I Jc-ta'ko-ian, afraid; fear, alarm. 

tak'sir (D.), to estimate, value. 
tak'sir (Ar.), negligent. 
tak'wim (Ar.), calendar, alma- 

ta'lak (Ar.), divorce. Cf. cJiim^ 
su'rat ta'lak, a bill of divorce. 

ta'lam, a large metal tray. Cf. 

ta'Ii, string, cord, rope. 

ta'Ii h-sar', rope. 

ta'ii b-si'j wire rope. 

ta'Ii du'ga, sounding line. 

ta'Ii ha"il, fishing line. 

ta'Ii Tcarg' , reins. 

ta'Ii ha'wat, wire rope. 

ta'Ii km'bar ti'ga, a threefold 

ta'Ii l-u'lit, a strap, leather 

ta'Ii le'hir, necklace. 

ta'Ii pirg'garg, waist-belt, gir- 
dle. Cf. sdbok. 

ta'Ii p-rot' , the intestines. 

ta'Ii p-rum', sounding line. 

ta'U pu'sat, umbelical cord. 

ta'U ra'mi, string made of 
rami, q.v. 

ta'U sa"uh, cable. 

ta'U t-ma'U, the cordage or rig- 
ging of a ship. 

lerg'kar ta'U, to coil a rope. 
t'a'lok (Ar.), dependent upon,, 
siibject to; a dependency, St. 
State which is subject tO' 

fa'lok-kan, to subjugate. 
ta-m'a' (Ar.), covetousness, ava- 
rice; to covet. Cf. loba. 
ta'tnan, garden, flower garden.. 

Cf. kbun. 
tamasha, see term&sa. 
ta'mat (Ar.), end, conclusion, 

tam'bah, ber-tam'bah (115), tO' 
increase (in size or number). 



tam'hah-han, to add, augment, 
increase; also tambahi. 

tam'ba-han and tam'ba-han 
pu'la, moreover, in addition. 

tam'bak, m-nam'bak, to pile up 
or fill in earth, as in making 
embankments or filling in 

tam'baiig;, fare, passage money 
on a ship or boat; to carry 
sam'pan tam'barg, a ferry-boat. 

tam'bat, m-nam'bat, to tie, fas- 
ten, tie up (as animals and 
boats). Cf. ikat. 

tam'bi (Tam.), a form of ad- 
dress to Tamils; a messen- 
ger ; a Tamil. 

tam'bon, fat, fleshy, corpulent. 
Cf. gmoTc. 

tam'pak, to appear, be visible; 
also nampak. Cf. lihat. 
ta'nam'pak, invisible, it does 
not appear, it is not seen. 

tam'pal, m-nam'pal, a patch, 
label, something stuck on; to 
patch, stick on, paste on. 
Cf. llcat. 

tam'par, m-nam'par, to slap, 
strike with the open hand. 
Cf. spalc. 

tam'pi, m-nam'pi, to winnow 
with the ryiru, q.v. 

tam'pil, to go forward, advance, 
progress. Cf. maju. 
tam'pil-kan, to cause to ad- 
vance, move forward. 

tam'pok, the cup or short stalk 
at the point where fruits are 
broken off the stem; the or- 
namentation on the top of a 
cap (sorgkok) or on the ends 
of a pillow. 

tam-pu'i, a tree with an edible 

ta'nah, the ground, soil, land, 
a country. Cf. bumi. 
ia'nah a'yer, one's native land. 
ta'nah Ja'wa, the island of 

ia'nah ko'sorg, uncultivated 

ta'nah Wat, clay. 
ta'nah ma'ti, fallow ground. 
ta'nah M-la'yu, Malaya. 
ta'nah pa'ya, swampy land. 
ta'nah ra'ta, level country. 
hu'joiy ta'nah, peninsula, pro- 
montory. Cf. tanjorg. 
mi'ryak ta'nah, mineral oil. 
trarg' ta'nah, dawn. 
tu'an ta'nah, landlord. 
ta'nak, ni-na'nak, to boil, cook. 
Cf. rbus and masak. 
ju'ru ta'nak, a cook. 
ta'nak (B.) (Chin.), a carpet. 
ta'nam, m-na'nam, to plant, 
ta'nam cha'char, to vaccinate. 
tan'da, a mark, sign, token. Cf. 
isharat and 'alamat. 
tan'da ma'ti, the orthographi- 
cal sign jazm; see 6a w. 
tan'da ta'rgan, signature. 
tan'da-kan, to signify, indicate, 

per-tan'da, an executioner. 
tan'dak, ber-tan'dak, to dance. 

Cf. tari. 
tan'dan, a bunch of fruit, such 
as bananas, coco-nuts, grapes, 
tan'dil (Tam.), headman of coo- 
tan'dok, a horn. Cf. chula. 
tan'du, m-nan'du, a Utter; to 
carry in a sedan chair or 
litter, Cf. usorg. 



.ta'igan, the hand, the arm. Cf. 
ta'irjan ba'ju, the sleeve of a 

ta'trjaii ka'iian, the right hand. 
ta'rgan sb'lah, one hand. 
b-Jcas' ta'iydn, handwriting, 

signature. Cf. Icliat. 
ja'bat ta'rgan, to shake hands. 
ka'ki' ta'rgan, hands and feet. 
lani'bai-kati ta'rgan, to wave 

the hands. 
ma'soh ta'rgan, to interfere. 
sa'pu ta'rgan, handkerchief. 
tdn'da ta'rgan, signature, 
ia'^afc to' rg'aflij. the palm of the 

iin'jok ta'rgan, to hold out the 

ta'rgd-ni, to handle, lay haJids 
an, arrest. 
taig'sai, ladder, stairs, steps; nu- 
meral coefficient of native 
houses (84). 
targ'ga ba'tu, stone steps, 
a'nak targ'ga, a step or rung of 

a ladder. 
na'ih targ'ga, to go upstairs. 
ru'niah targ'ga, home, home- 
tai^'gal, to fall out, fall ofE (as 
teeth, branches, etc.). 
targ' gdl-Tcan, to remove, take 
off (as clothes). 
taig'goh, m-narg'goh, -lean, to 
postpone, adjourn, put off, 
ber-targ'gohy to delay, wait, 
< temporize. 

taig'goig, m-narg'gorg, -kan, to 
support, bear, endure, gua- 
rantee. Cf. tahan and ja- 
iarg-go'rgan, a burden. 
'ta'tgis, m-na'rgis, weeping; to 
weep, cry, shed tears. 

in'igis-lcan and ta'rgi-si, to 
weep for a person or 
ta'igi-san, weeping. 

taig'kai, the stalk or stem of 
flowers or fruits. Cf . batarg. 
'taig'hii ba'jak, the handle of 
a plough. 

tan^'kal, charm, amulet. Cf. 

taig'kap, m-riarg'kap, to seize, 
catch, capture, arrest. Cf. 

■taig'kas, agile, nimble. Cf. 

taiig;'ki (Eng.), a tank. 

'taig^kis, m-narg'kis, to parry, 
ward off a blow. Cf. helak. 

targ'kul, m-narg'kul, a bag net; 
to fish with a bag net. 

taig'lorg (Chin.), a Chinese lan- 
tern. Cf. l-andil. 

tan'jotg, promontory, point of 
land, cape. 

ta'iya, her-ta'rya, to ask questions, 
ask for information, ijiquire. 
Cf. minta, which means to 
ask for, request (80 b). 
ta'rya-kan and ber-ta'rya-kan, 
to ask concerning a thing, 
propound a question. 

ta'pa (Sk.),.'pa, penance, 

asceticism ; to do penance, 

be an ascetic. 

per-ta'pa'an, an act of penance. 

ta'pai, cooked rice or other grain 

caused to ferment. 
ta'pak, the palm of the hand, 
sole of the foot; footprint.= 
hkas kaki. 
ta'pak ka'ki, the sole of the 

ta'pak ta'rgan, the palm of the 



tapi, see ttapi. 

ta'pis, m-na'jns, to (strain, filter. 
ta'pi-saii, a strainer, a filter. 

tar' and mi'ryah tar' (Eng.), tar. 

fa'ra, level, of equal height; 
equality (of height or rank). 
s-ia'ra, of the same rank. 

ta'rah, iii-iia'rah, to rough hew 

•ta'rek, m-na'rel-, to pull, draw, 
drag. Cf. /!"/<■( and seret. 
ta'rek a' pi, -a lucifer match, also 

horeTc api. 
ta'rek na'fais, to draw a breath. 

ta'ri, ni-na'ri. to dance. Cf. 

ta'rikh (Ar.) (166), date, era, 
ta'rikh h ij'rali, the Hegira, the 

Mohammedan era. 
ta'rik M-.n'hi, the Christian 
ta'rin^, tuek (of rodents and 

pigs). Cf. gadirg. 
ta'roh, m-na'roh (86 c), to place, 
put, put away, keep, lay by. 
Cf. biiboh, Itak and simpan. 
ta'roh her'ga, to fix a price. 
m-na'roh dn'dani, to harboui 

revenge, bear malice. 
m-na'roh dig'ki, to bear malice. 
ber-ta'roh, to bet, wager. 
p-ta'roh, a trust, a thing en- 
trusted to a person. 
ta'rok, a bud, sprout, young 

tar' pal (Ehg.), tarpaulin. 
tas'bih (Ar.), a rosary. 
ta'sek, lake, inland sea. Cf. 

danau and kolam. 
tash'did (Ar.), an orthogra- 
phical sign which indicates 
that the lettes- over which 

it is placed is doubled. 

ta'tah, to mount, set (as precious 
stones). Cf. permata. 

ta'tal, a shaving of wood. 

ta'taig, m-na'targ, to carry on 

the palms of the hands. Cf. 


tatkala, see ttkala. 
t'a'tlim (Ar.), respect, honour, 

tau'bat ( Ar. ) , repentance, amend- 
ment of life ; also tobat. Cf.' ' 

ber-tau'bat, to repent. 

tau'chang; (Chin.), a queue. 

tau'fan (Ar.), typhoon, storm; 

also tofan. 
tau'gek (B.) (Chin.), bean 


tau'ke (Chin.), head of a house 
or business, employer. 

tau'lan, companion, comrade,' 
friend. Cf. handai, kawan 
and sahabat. 

tau'rit and tau'rat (Ar.), the. 
law of Moses, the Old Testa- 
ment, the Pentateuch. 

tau'yu (B.) (Chin.), bean oil. 

tawa, see tertawa. 

ta'wan, m-na'ivan, -i, to capture,, 
make prisoner (in war or of 
robbers). Cf. targkap. 
ter-ta'ivan, captured, made pri- 
ta'wa-nan, made prisoner, a 

ta'war, tasteless, insipid, fresh, 
(of water) ; an antidote for 
poisons; to bargain, offer a 
lower price, beat down the 
price. ' 

ta'war ha'ti, discouraged. 





ta'war i'poh, an antidote for 

the Malay dart poison. 
a'yer ta'war, fresh water (as 

opposed to salt). 
t-porg' ta'war, meal used in 

Malay magic. 
p-na'war, an antidote, cure or 

specific for a disease. 

t-bal', thick, as opposed to nipis, 
mu'ka t-bal', shameless, brazen- 

t-baii;', m-n-banj' , to cut down 
trees, fell. Cf. thas. 

t-bas', m-n-bas', to cut down un- 
derwood. Cf. fbarg. 

t'biii;, a high bank of a river. 

t-bok', m-n-boh', to bore a hole, 

t-bu', sugar-cane. Cf. gula. 

t'bu-an, a hornet. 

t'bus, m-n'bus, to redeem, buy 
back, ransom. 
p-n'bus, Eedeemer (X.). 
t'bu-san, ransom. 

t-doh', calm, tranquil; sheltered 
from sun or wind; to abate 
(of storms). 

t-doTg', the generic name for 

te'bar, m-ne'bar, to scatter; to 
throw a easting net ; see jala. 

teh' (Chin.), tea. 

a'yer teh', tea (the beverage). 
., da"un teh', tea (the prepared 

te-ko' (B.) (Chin.), kettle. 
ie-koan' (B.) (Chin.), tea-pot. 
telek, see tilek. 

te'lor, lisping, inarticulate 
speech. Cf. pelat. 

tem'bak, m-nem'bak, to shoot 
with firearms, fire a gun. 
Cf. bdil. 

tem'bok, a wall.' Cf. dindirg. 
ka'ki tem'bok, foundations. 
Cf. alas. 

tem'paig, lame, limping. Cf. 
pencharg and chapek. 

tem'po (Port.), time, intermis- 
sion, respite ; in the time of, 
during the time that. Cf. 

teng', (Chin.), a Chinese lamp. 

teig'kah, see tirgkah. 

teig'gek, to perch (as birds), 

te'igok, m-ne'rgok, to look at. 
Cf. lihat and pandarg. 

ten'taiig, a native shop window, 
hinged at the top and bot- 

te'pok, paralysis of the legs. Cf. 

ter'barg, to fly. 

sa"uh ter'barg, grapnel. 
ter'batg-kan, to send flying (of 
the wind) ; to fly away with 
(as birds of prey). 

ter'bit, to arise, come up, spring 
up. Cf. naik. 
ma-ta-ha'ri ter'bit, the sun 

ter'j-mah' (Ar.), to translate; 
also ter'j-mah'kan. 

ter'jun, m-ner'jun, to plunge 
down, leap down. 
ter'jun-kan, to cast down, drop 

a thing down. 
a'ljer ter'jun, waterfall. 

ter'kam, to attack violently, 
rush at, spring at (as wild 



ter'kas (Pers.),. quiver. 

ter-ma'sa (Pers. tamaslia), fes- 
tivities, rejoicings; to make 
merry, rejoice. 

ter'pa, m-nei-'pa, to spring for- 
ward, spring at. Cf. ter- 

ter-ta'wa, to laugh. 

ter-ta'wa-kan, to laugh at 

ter'tib (Ar.), rank, station, or- 
der, arrangement. 

te'tek, the breast when giving 

te'was (Jav.), defeated. Cf. 

Tte-yfen' (B.) (Chin.), to sub- 
scribe, take a subscription. 

t-gah', m-n-gah', to prevent, res- 
train, prohibit, hinder. Cf. 
lararg and pantarp. 

l-gak', upright, erect, vertical. 

t-gal', because, on account of. 

t-gaig', stretched tight. Cf. 

t-gap', strong, muscular (of the 

body). Cf. Teuat. 
<t-gar', stiff, fixed, unbending. 
t-gar' h-m'udi, steady! (of the 
- t-goh', firm, steady, strong; se- 
cure, sure (as a promise). 
Cf. ttap. 
t-goh'kan, to strengthen, eon- 

1-gur', m-n-gu/, -Icav,, to address, 
speak to, admonish, chide, 
rebuke. Cf. tTgUrg and har- 

tha-la'tha (Ar.), Tuesday; usu- 
ally liari slasa. 

thal'ju (Ar.), snow. 
tia'' (B.) (Chin.), a hall. 

ti-a'da (63-71), is not, are not; 

a contraction of tidah ada 

(64) ; used as an auxiliary 

verb (45). 
ti-a'da a' da, there is not, there 

does not exist. 
ti-a'da ho'leli, unable, cannot. 
ti-a'da da' pat, cannot, does not 

ti-a'da m-rga'pa = tidah apa, it 

does not matter, never mind. 
d'rgan ti-a'da, without. 
ta'da'pat ti-a'da, it cannot but 

be, it must. 

ti'ang:, post, pillar, mast. 
ti'arg a'gorg,, mainmast. 
ti'arg ba'tu, brick pillar. 
ti'aig bn-de'ra, flagstaff. 
ha' pal her-ti'arg ti'ga, a three- 
masted ship. 

ti-ap'-ti-ap', each, every. Cf. 

■ti-a'rap, m-ni-a'rap, prone, face 
downwards; to lie face down- 
wards, prostrate oneself. Cf. 
jrumiis and sujud. 
ter-ti-a'rap, prostrated, prone. 
ti-a'rap-han, to lay a person 
face downwards. 

ti'ba, to arrive, reach a place. 
Cf. sampai. 

ti-ba-ti'ba, suddenly. Cf. hun- 

ti'dak, no, not (63-73) ; con- 
tracted to ta', q.v. Cf . tiada. 

ti'dah a' da, not present, absent. 

ti'dah a' pa, never mind, it does 
not matter; also tiada m- 

ti'dah-han, to deny the exi^ 
tence of. 



per-ti'dal'-lcan, to make nothing 
of, make light of', depreciate. 

ti'dor, ber-ti'dor, sleep, slumber; 
to sleep. 
ti'do)- 1-lap', deep sleep ; to sleep 

heavily. Cf. njadar. 
ier-t'i'dor,. asleep. 

ti'ga, three. (For derived forms 
see am pat). 

tiharap, see iiaiuji. 

ti'kam, in-iii'lriiN, to stab, pierce, 
prick. Cf. chuchoh. 

ti'kar, mat. 

ti'lcar han'tal, bedding (of a 

ti'kus, rat, mouse. 

ti'lam, a mattress. 

ti'lek, m-ni'hk, to look carefully, 
observe; to practise divina- 
tion, prognosticate ; also 
telei: Cf. tnorg. 

•tim (B.) (Chin.), to cook in a 

double boiler. 
ti'mah, tin and other similar 

metals. Cf. iin. 
■ ti'mah hi tarn, lead. 
ti'mah -pu'teh, tin. 
ti'mah sa'ri, zinc. 
li'jeh ti'mah, alluvial tin ore. 

ti'maig, m-ni'marg, to brandish 
in the air, toss up in the air 
(as weapons or children). 
ti-ma'njan, a pet name, nick- 
name ; a pet, a plaything. 

tim'ba, m-nim'ha, a bucket, ba- 
ler; to draw water with a 
bucket, bale out a boat. 
tim'ba a'yer, to draw water. 

- tim'ba ru'arg, -to bale out bilge 

tim'bal, to balance. 

ber-tim'ba-Ian, balancing. 

tim'baii:, vi-nim'barg, to weigh^, 
ponder, contemplate, think, 
ineditate. Cf . fikir. ■ 

tim-ba'rgan, scales. Cf. nra- 

bu'ah tim-ba'rgan, weights. 

tim'bol, m-nim'bol, to, float, 
come up to the surface of 
the water, rise (as the sun), 
spring up (as plants). Cf- 

tim'bon, m-nim'bon, to heap up, 
pile up. 
tim'bo-nan, a heap. 

tim'bus, m-nim'bus, to fill in, 
fill up (a hole or well). Cf. 

ti'mon, cucumber; also hntimon.. 

ti'mor, the East; east. 
ti'mor la"ut, north-east. 
bin'targ ti'mor, Venus as a, 
morning star. 

tim'pa, m-nim'pa, to fall en, 
strike by falling. 

tJm'pas, dead "low water. 

tin (Eng.), tin plate. GL timuh.. 

tin'das, in-iiin' das; to crusli au 

tin'deh, vi-nin'deh, to lay a 
weight on, press by laying- 
something on. Cf. apit, im~ K 
. pet and tkan. onb on ropo^^^^^ 

tin'dek, m-nin'dek, to pierce the 
ears (for earrings). 

tiiis'gal, to remain, stay; dwell, 
live. Cf. diam. 

s-la'mat titg'yal, good-bye (159)» 

m-nirg'gdl, to die. 

tirg'gal-han, to leave, abandon, 
omit, neglect. 

p-niig'gal and s-p-nirg'gal, de- 
parture, on or . after the de- 

y , 



tiiK'gi, high, tall ; height. 
, tinj'gi-kan, to raise -up, exalt, 

tii|g:'kah, behaviour, conduct; also 
iirghah laku. Cf. plcerii and 

laig'kap, window (of native 
houses). Cf. jndela. 

tirg'kat, a stage; numeral coef- 
ficient of the stories of a 
house or decks of a ship. 
Cf. loteiy. 

tin'ju, bm'-tin'ju. to strike with 
- the fist; boxing. Cf. tumboTc 
and gochoh. 

tin'ta (Port.), ink. Cf. dawat. 

ti-op', ber-ti-op', to blow (of the 
wind or mouth). Cf. hmbus 
and puput. 
ti-op'kan, to blow a thing 
(with the mouth ) . 

ti'pis, thin (as opposed to tbal, 
thick) . Cf . halus and nipis. 

ti'pu, m-ni'pu, deceit, fraud; to 
deceive, cheat. . 
ti'puda'ya, deception, trickery, 

p-ni'pu, an impostor, cheat, 

tir', • the castle in the game of 
chess; see chator. 

ti'rai (Tam.), a curtain. Cf. 
ti'rai k-lam'bu, a mosquito net ; 
usually klambu. 

ti'ram, an oyster. 

ti'ri, in the phrases ; 
an'ak ti'ri, stepchild. 
ba'pa ti'ri, stepfather. 
mak' ti'ri, stepmother. 

ti'ru, m-ni'ru, to imitate, copy. 
Cf. salin. 

ti'tali, m-ni'tah, -/(/(/(/order, com- 
mand, word (of a king) : lo' 
say, order, command (of a 
king). Cf. sabda. 
jun'jorg ti'tah; to obey a kingV 

ti'tek, m-ni'telc, a drop, a s])Ot,. 
a flot ; to fall in drops. 
ti'tck-lrui, to pour out li'juid 
by drops. 

ti'ti, tii-iii'ti, to walk along a 
narrow path or the trunk or 
bough, of a tree. 
ti'ti'-an, a foot bridge formed of 
the trunk of a tree. 

tiwas, see teivas. 

t'ka-t-ki', riddle, enigma. 

t-kak', the gullet. 

a'nak t-kak', the uvula. 

t-kan', m-n-kan', -kan, to jjress, 
press down (as with the 
hand). Cf. impet, apit and 

t-k-bur (Ar.), pride. 

t-kek', the large house lizard, 
the gecko. Cf. chiclial-. 

t-ku'kur, wild pigeon. Cf. pu- 
nai and merpali. 

t-kun', perseverance, persistence. 
Cf. usaha and rajin. 

t-Ia'dan, example, model; also 

t-la'ga (Sk.), a small lake, pond,, 
well. Cf. kolant. 

t'lah, an auxiliary verb indicat- 
ing the past tense, but only- 
used in writings = sudali. 
s-t'lah, when, after that — . 

tia'hir (Ar.), visible, manifest^ 
outward, exoteric; as op- 
posed to batin, inward, q.^■. 

tia'lim (Ar.), tyrannical; ty- 



t-lan', m-n-lan', to swallow. 

t-lan'jaiig, naked, nude; also 

t-Ian'ju (B.), while. 
t-lan'jur, in the phrase: 

Ica'ta su'dah t-lan'jur, "the 
murder is out." Cf . anjur. 

t-li'ii;a, the ear; the handle of 

a cup. Cf. kupirg. 
da"un t-Wrga, the external ear. 
lo'barg t-li'rga, the orifice of the 

pa'sarg t-li'rga, to listen. 

t'l-kan, her-t'1-lcan, to lean on (a 
stick or other support). 

t'lok, bay, gulf. 

t'loh ran'tau, the sea-board, the 
coast of a country. 

*-lor', egg. 

t-lor' a'yam, a fowl's egg. 
t-Ior' a' sin, preserved eggs. 
t-lor' i'kan. spawn, fish-roe. 
leu! J it t-lor', eggshell. 
me' rah t-lor', the yoke of an 

pti'teh t-lor", the white of an 

ber-t-lor', to lay an egg. 

t-lun'jok and ja'ri t-lun'joh, the 
forefinger. Cf. tunjolc. 

t-Jut', ler-t-luf, to kneel, kneel 
down. Cf. lutut. 

t-m'a' (Ar.), covetousness, ava- 
rice ; to covet. Cf . lola. 

t'man, companion, comrade. Cf. 
taulan and hawan. 
t'rnan-l'an, to accompany, 

tm-ba'ga (Sk.), brass, copper. 
tin-ba'ga Tcu'nirg, brass. 
tm-ba'ga me' rah, copper. 
tm-ba'ga su-a'sa, an alloy of 
copper and gold. 

tm-ba'kau (Port.), tobacco. 

■tm-be'kar, potsherds, ' broken 

tm-be'rang, the shrouds. 

tm'b-laiig;, addled (of eggs). 

tm-bo'lok, the crop of a bird. „ , 

tm'bus, perfo.rated, pierced. Cf. 

tm-bu'su, a timber tree. 

t-mig'goig, a high office in a 
Malay State. 

tm'pa, m-nm'pa, to forge. 

im'pat (135), place, locality; 

space, room. 
tm'pat da' mat, inkstand. 
tm'pat du'dok, seat, chair. 
tm'pat k-di-a'man, place of 

tm'pat man'di, bathroom. 
tm'pat si'reh, betel-nut tray. 
tm'pat ti'dor, bed. 
b-ri' tm'pat, to make room. 
tm-pa'yan, a large earthenware 

jai*, larger than a buy org. 

tm'pek, a loud cry. 

tm'pek so'rak, loud cries, usual- 
ly of soldiers fighting. 

tm-pe'leiig, a box on the ear. 

tm-pi'as, driven rain, spray. 

tm-pi'nis, a timber tree. 

tm'p-Iak, m-nm p-lak, to con- 
vince of a fault, reproach. 
Cf. tgur. 

tm'poh, m-nm'poh, to strike 
against, dash against, as- 
sault, storm (as waves strik- 
ing anything, or an army 
attacking) . 

tm-pu'a, the weaver bird. 

tm-pu'roiig:, a piece of coco-nut 
shell; hence, the skull. 



t-mu', her-t-mu', to meet, come 
together. Cf. jwnpa. 
per-t-mu'lcan, to join together, 

l-naig', smooth, calm (of the 
surface of water), 

tn'daig, m-nn'daiy, to kick back- 
wards (as a horge), kick with 
the sole of the foot. Cf. 
sepak and trajarg. 

t-iga'dah, m-n-iya'dah, to look 
up to the sky. 

t'igah (35), the middle; half; 

whilst, during. Cf. sparoli. 
t'rgah du'a, one and a half. 
t'lyah ha'ri, mid-day. 
t'rgah ja'lan, in the middle of 

the road; during a journey. 
i'rgah ma'kan, in the middle of 

a meal. 
t'igah ma'lam, midnight. 
i'rgah na'ik, when the sun is 

half way up, 9 a.m. 
t'rgah ti'ga, two and a half. 
t'rgah tu-run' , when the sun is 

half way down, 3 p.m. 
c'rarg t'rgah, middle man, 

s-t'rgah, half, one half. 
sa'ma t'rgah, exactly in the 

per-t'rga-han, middle; medium. 

tig-ga'la (Sk.), a plough. Cf. 

tig-ga'ra, North-east. 
■t'B-g''''>> an edible fish. 
tig'g-Iam', to sink. 

irg'g -lam' lean, to submerge. 
tig'kar, ber-trg'kar, to dispute, 

wrangle, quarrel. Cf. 6am- 

tiig'kirg, rn-nrg'kirg, to rebuke, 

reprove, scold. Cf. tgur 

and hardeJc. 

tig'kok, the back of the neck. 
Cf. lehir. 
hii'lu trg'lcoh, mane. 

tiig:-ko'rak, the skull, cranium. 

tig'ku, a title of princes; also 

tig-si' (B.) (Chin.), a large 

t-noig', ber-t-norg', to practise 
divination. Cf. tileJc. 

tn'taig, opposite to, facing; con- 
cerning, in regard to. 

tn'targ ma'ta, right in one's 

m-nn'targ, to face, look directly 

her-tn-ta' rgan d'rgan, opposite 

tn't-ra (Sk. tantra), army; also 

bala intra. 
tn'tu (138), certain, sure. Cf. 
nschaya and psti. 
ter-tn'tu, settled, decided. 
tn'tu-Tcan, to decide, determine, 

k-tn'tu-an, certainty. 

t-nun', ber-t-nun', to weave. 

to'a-ha (B.) (Chin.), mourning 

toak' (B.) (Chin.), a drawer = 

tobat, see taubat. Jt*4s,*A«A'(x<Ace, 
to'dak, sword-fish. 
tofan, see taufan, 
toh (B.) (Chin.), table. 

to'hor, shallow. Cf. cheteh. 
ka'pur to'hor, slaked lime. 

tokek = tkek, q.v. "Tc>K'^ ^'^ 

to'ko (B.) (Chin.),ashop. u(C:« 

to'kok, m-no'kok, to add, increase 
by addition. 



to'korg, a small island, a rock in 
the sea. 

to'lak, m-no'lak, to push away, 
push back, repulse, reject. 
Of. sororg. 
to'lak b-ha'ra, ballast. 

to'leh, m-no'leh, to look at one 
side, look back. 

to'loig, m-no'lorg, to help, asrist. 
>' Cf. haniu. 

^> p-no'lorg, assistant, helper. 

^^ p-no'lorg bi-cha'ra, advocate. 

to'lo-rgan and per-to'lo-rgan, 
tom'bak, a spear. Cf. Inibiiy. 

tom'pok, a heap, a group (of 
persons), clump (of trees). 

ton'da, m-non'da, to tow (a ship. 
or boat). 

toig', cask, barrel, tub, pail. 

toig'kaig, a barge, lighter. 

toiig:'kat, a staff, stick, walking 
stick, prop. 
torg'kat k-ti'ak, crutches. 

to-pe'koig- (B.) (Chin.), an idol. 

to'pi (Hind.), a hat, especially 
sun hats. Cf. chpiau. 
bu'ka to'pi, to take off one's 

t-pat', exactly. 

ba'rat t-pat', due west. 
t'pi, edge, border, rim. Cf. piiy- 

t'pok, m-n'poh, to pat, strike with 
the palm of the hand. Cf. 
tampar and ktok. 
t'pok da'da, to beat the breast. 
t'poh ia'ri, to dance and clap 
the hands. 

t-poii;', flour. 

i-ra'jafg, to kick downwards 
with the sole of the foot.' Cf. 

sepak and tndarg. 
t-raiig', clear, plain, bright (of 
light). Cf. njata. 

t-rarg' ta'nah, da^vn. 

bu'lan t-rarg', moonlight. 

t-ratg'kan, to make clear, ex- 
plain, prove, illuminate. 

t-ras', the heart of timber, the 
hard wood at the centre oi a 

t-ra'tai, the lotus. 

t-ra'tak, shed; Cf. pondok. 

t-rek', strong, excessive, as: 
i'kat t-rek', to tie tightly. 
pa'nas t-vck' , excessive heat. 

t-ren'dak, a conical sun hat. 
t-ren'dak lam'pu, a lamp shade. 

t-ri'ak, ber-t-ri'ak, to shout, cry 
out, scream. Cf. sru. 

tri'gu (Port.), wheat. Cf. gan- 
dpm . 

t-ri'ma, m-n-ri'ma, to receive^ 
accept, take. Cf. sambot. 
t-ri'iiia ka'seh, tiia-nk you (160). 

t-ri'parg, beche rle mer, edible 

sea slug. 
t-rok', severe (of illness or hard 

t-rom'pah, wooden sandals, clogs. 

Cf. clievpu. 
t-roin'pet (Eng.), bugle, cornet. 
t-roii;', the egg-plant, brinjal. 
t-ro'poig, telescope, fleld glasses. 
t-ru'na (Sk.), young man, youth. 
t-rus', through, straight through^ 
straight, in a direct line. 
t-rus' i-rarg' , frankly, openly- 
I'a'lan t-rvs' , to go in a direct 

t-ntfsi, to traverse, pass through. 
t-rn'mn, a canal as a short cut 
between two rivers or two 



- reaches of the same river. . 

t-ru'si, sulphuric acid, sulphate 
of copper. 

t-tak', m-n-iaV , -kaii, to chop, 
hack, give a cutting blow 
with a knife or svi^ord. Cf. 

t-tam'pan, a cloth or kerchief 
worn on the left shoulder at 

t-tap', firm, steady, fixed, set- 
tled (in mind or in a place), 
permanent. Cf. tqoli. 
t-tap'kan, to strengthen, con- 
firm, settle. 

t-ta'pi, but, nevertlieloss ; also 

t-tas', to break open from within 
(as an egg when the chicken. 
is hatched). 
tt-ka'Ia (Sk.), when, at the time 

tu'a, old (of age or of manufac- 
tured articles) ; deep (of co- 
lours) . 
ill' a nni'da, old and young. 
■lae'rali tu'a, deep red. 
o'rarg tu'a, old people; parents. 
.tu'ah, good fortune, prosperity. 
Cf. untorg. 
her-tu'ah, fortunate, lucky. 
tu'ai, m-nu'ai, to reap, cut padi 
with a small knife called 
pnuai. Cf. Mam. 

tu'ak, the fermented juice of the 

coconut palm. 
tu-a'la (Port.), towel. 
tu-a'latg, a swarm of bees. 
tu'am, hot fomentation. 
tu'an, master, owner; Mr., sir; 

you (6). 
tu'an b-sar',ihe head of a firm, 

senior in office. 

tu'an-ham'ha, sir (in writings). 

tu'an k-cliiV , junior in office. 

lu'an ru'mah, landlord of a 

tu'an ta'hah, landlord. 

tu'au-l-u, my lord (used in ad- 
dressing princes). 

yaiy di-per-tu'an, his majesty. 

hcr-tu'an-kan, to serVe a person, 
take a person as one's master. 

tu-arg', m-nu-arg' , to pour, pour 
out. Cf. churah. 

tu'ba, a plant the root of which 
is used to stupify fish in a 
river in order to catch them. 

tu'bir, a pit, hollow, deep place 
in the sea. 

tu'boh, the body. Cf. badan. 
b-has' tu'boh, that which has 

touched the body, clothes 

presented as a token of afliec- 

hpr-p-loh' tu'boh, to fold the 

tu'doh, m-nu'doh, to accuse, 

bring a charge against. Cf. 

tu'do-^han, accusation. 

tu'dotg, m-nu'dorg, to cover with 
a cloth, veil or other object. 
Cf. tutop and slimut. 

tu'dorg h-pa'la, head-covering. 

tu'dortj mu'ka, veil. 

tu'dorg sa'ji, dish cover. 

lu'do-rgan, a lid or cover. 

tu'gal, a dibble. 

Tu'han, God, the. Lord. Cf. 
h-tu'ha-nan, divinity. 

tu'joh, seveil. (For derived 
forms see ampat). 

iu'ju, m-nu'ju (149), to aim, 
aim at, go in the direction of. 



s-tu'ju, with the same aim or 
purpose, in accord with, in 
keeping with. 

tu'kaig, workman, artisan. Cf. 

tu'karg a'yer, water carrier. 

tu'karg ha'tu, mason, brick- 

tu'karg b-si', blacksmith. 

tu'karg chap', printer. 

tu'karg chat', painter. 

tu'karg chu'kor, barber. 

tu'karg ja'hit, tailor. 

tu'karg ka'sut, shoemaker. 

tu'karg ka'yu, carpenter. 

tu'karg k-bun', gardener. 

tu^karg 'mas', goldsmith. 

tu'karg o'bat, apothecary, drug- 

tu'karg p-ri'ok b-la'rga, potter. 

tu'karg ro'ti, baker. 

tu'karg s-pa'tu, shoemaker. 

tu'karg warg' , cashier. 

bu'rorg tu'karg, nightjar. 
tu'kar, m-nu'kar, to change one 
thing for another, exchange, 
barter. Cf. ganti and obah. 

tu'kar warg', to change money. 
tu'kol, a hammer; also tukol bsi. 

Cf. pukol. 
tu-la'dan, model, example. Cf. 

tu'lah (Ar.), misfortune as the 
result of a curse, calamity. 

tu'laig, bone. 

tu'larg b-la'karg, backbone. 

tu'larg k-rirg', shin bone. 

tu'larg mu'da, cartilage. 

tu'larg p-ra'hu, ribs of a boat. 

tu'larg ru'sok, ribs. 

lan'tirg tu'larg, to exert one- 

o'tak tu'larg, marrow. 
tu'lat, three days hence. Cf. 

tu'len (Jav.), . real, genuine = 
Malay surggoh and btul. 

tu'li, deaf. Cf. pkak and buia. 

tu'lis, m-nu'lis, to write, draw, 

delineate. Cf. surat and ka- 


tu'lis gam'bar, to draw a pic- 

' ture. 

tu'lis m-nu'lis, writing, clerical 

ju'ru tu'lis, secretary, clerk. 
tu'li-san, writing, handwriting. 

tu'lus, sincere, honest, straight- 
forward; also tulus ekhlas. 
tu'lus ha'ti, sincere. 
tu'ma, a louse. 

tum'baig, to fall (of trees). Cf. 

rbah and roboh. 
tum'boh, ber-tuin'boh, to grow,, 
spring up, sprout. Cf. tu- 
tum'boh-tum'bo-han, plants in 

k-tum'bo-han, small-pox. Cf. 

tum'bok, m-num'bok, to strike 
witk the end of a pole or 
with the fist; to pound in a 
mortar. Cf. tinju and go- 

tum'bok la'da, the smallest 
kind of Malay dagger. 

tum'bok pa'di, to husk. rice by 
pounding in a mortar. 

tu'mit, the heel. 
tutn'pah, m-num'pah, -kan, to 
spill, pour out. Cf. churah. 

tum'parg:, m-num'parg, to lodge,, 
sojourn, live temporarily as 
in an inn or on board ship. 
tum'parg-kan, to board a per- 
son in a house or on a vessel. 
ni'mah tum-pa'rgan, an inn. 



tum'pas, m^num'pas, to exter- 

tum'pat, to stop up, plug. Cf. 

tum'pol, blunt. Cf. tajam, 

tum'pu, m-num'pu, to press, 
push (as with the feet). 

tu'nai, and warg' tu'nai, (5ash, 
ready money. 

tu'narg, ber-tu'nary, to betroth. 

tu-na'rgan, betrothed, fiance. 

tu'nas, her-tu'nas, a sprout; to 

tun'da, to tow ; see tonda. 
tun'dok, m-nun'dok, to bow the 
head or body, make a bow, 
bend down. Cf. suiyJcor. 
tuig'gal, solitary, sole, only, 
unique. ''' Lite vi» ii- 
a'nah tunj'gal, only child. 
tuig'gaig, m-nurg'garg, to ride 
(on horseback). Cf. kndara. 
turg'garg larg'garg, head over 
heels, headlong. 
tuig'gu, m-nurg'gu, -i, to watch, 
guard, wait. Cf. jaga and 
p-nurg'gu, a watchman. 
p-nurg'gu pin'tu, a porter, gate- 
p-nurg'gu pn-ja'ra, prison war- 
tuig'gul, a banner, flag. Cf. 

panji and bndera. 
tuig'gul, the stump of a tree. 
tuig'ku = ttutn-hu, a title of prin- 
tun'jaig, roots such as those of 
the mangrove, which shoot 
out from the stem. Cf. 
ahar, banir and jaiyhar. 
tun'jok, m-iiun'joh, -lean, to 
point, point out, indicate, 

show. Cf. unjoJc. 
t-lun'jok, the forefinger. 

tun'joig, water-lily. 

tuh'tut, m-nun'tut, to seek for,, 
pursue, search after (especial- 
ly knowledge, vengeance,, 
etc.). Cf. chari. 
tun'tut be'la, to seek vengeance. 
tun'tut 'il'mu, to search for 
tu'nu, to burn. 
tu'pai, squii-rel. 

tu'run, m-nu'run, to descend (4ff- 
&), go down; to be descended 
from ; to come up (of a storm 
of wind or rain). 

tu'run ha' pal, to go on board a 
ship from a pier or wharf. 
Cf. naik. 

tu'run k-da'rat or tu'run da'rat^ 
to land, disembark. 

tu'run t-mu'run, in successive 

hu'jan mau tu-run', rain j^ 
is coming, 

na'ik tu-run', to go up and 
down (as a road in hilly 

tu'run-kan, to let down, lower. 

h-tu'ru-nan, generation, genea- 
logy, descendants. 

tu'rus, post, pillar. 
tu'rut, m-nu'rut, to follow, suc- 
ceed, imitate, obey, conform 
to. Cf. ikut. 
tu'rut p-ren'tah, to obey. 
m-nu'rut, according to, as, like. 
her-tu-rut-tu'rut, one after an- 
other, successively. 

tut', to propagate by binding 
earth round a branch and 
thus causing it to root. 

tu'toh, m-nu'toh, to lop, cut off 
branches of a tree. 



tu'top, m-nu'iop, -kan, to cover, 
rlose up, shut np. Uf. \ka- 
top and tudouj. 

In' top j-naKj', the upper post 
of a st-reen or partition. 

tu'top li-anf, wall-plate. 

iu'to-pan, a cover. 

lu'tor, her-tu'tor, to speak, talk. 
CI', knta and chaJcapi 


ai-ap' or wap', steam, vapour. 

ubah, see obah. 

4i'baTi, gre\' hair; grey (of the 

ai'bi, any tubei'ous root, especial- 
ly the potato. 
n'bi hrg-cfa'la, potato. 
n'hi ha'yu, tapioca. 
ii'hi k-la'di, the yam. 

iu'bin and ia'tu u'hin, flooring 
tiles; (in Singapore) granite. 

«-bun-u'bun, the crown of the 
head, the opening between 
the parts of the skull in 
young children, the fontanel. 

^-bur-u'bur, jellyfish. 

M'chap, m-rr/u'chap, to say, utter, 

pronounce (as prayers, 

thanksgivings, etc. ) . Cf . 

Ai'dat}g, prawn, shrimp; also hu- 

darg, q.v. 
u-da'ra, the air, atmosphere, 

slsiy. Cf. hawa. 
u'dek, upper waters of a river, 

interior of a country. Cf. 

hulu and liilir. 
n: u'dek, to ascend a ri\er, go 

uftij.see upti. 
ugama, s(ie agama. 
ai'got, mr-rgu'got, to threaten. 

■u'jar, to say, speak. ; 

u'ii, m-rgu'ji, to test, examine, 
assay (as metals). 
ha' ill It' ji, touchstone. 

u'kir, m-rgu'kir, to engrave, 

u'kop, to perfume with incense. 

u'kor, in-igu'kor, to measure 
(length). ■ Cf. sukat. 
ka'yu u'icor, rule/ measure. - 

'u-Ia'ma(Ar.), learned men; plu- 
ral of 'aliin. 9,'iV'.' 

ti'latg, m-tgu'larg, -i, to repeat, 
go or do repeatedly. 
u-la'rgan, repetition; the cho- 
rus of a ^ong (X.). 

u'lar, serpent, snake. 

u'lar na'ga, a dragon, fabulous 

u'lat, maggot, worm. 

n'lat hu'hi., hairy caterpillar. 

ulu, see liiilu. 

u-marg-u'inaTg, a hermit crab. 

u'mat (Ar.), people, nation. 

um'bi, taproot. Cf. akar. 

utn'but, the soft edible heart at 
the top of a palm tree. 

-'u'mor (Ar.), lifetime, age. 
length of life. 
s'timor hi'dop, all one's life. 

um-pa'ma and u-pa'ma (Sk.), 
like, resembling, 

inn-pa' iHa-iya, for instance. 

x'um-pn'iiia, like, similar to. 

um-pa'markan, to. compare, 

per-iuii-pa'ma'an, proverb, pa- 

um'pan^ bait for a fishing line or 
a trap. 



um'pat, m-igum'pott, to slander, 

abuse, revile. 
um'pil, m-rgum'pil, to raise or 

move by means of a lever. 

un-daiig^-un'daiig, laws, regu- 
un'dan, a pelican. 

un'dl, lot. 

hu-arg' un'di, to east lots. 

un'dor, to retire, go back, retreat. 
un'dor-kan, to withdraw, draw 

uis'gas, bird; also otggas. 

»»IK'g"n» a slow burning log; to 

utg'ku, a title of Malay chiefs. 
Cf. turghu. 

u'igu, purple. 

un'jok, m-rgun'jole, -han, to hold 
out anything in the hand, 
show to a person. Cf. tun- 
jok and hulor. 
un'jok-kan ta'rgan, to hold out 
the hand. 

un'jur and i-lun'jur, stretched 
out (of the legs). CL julor. 

un'toig, profit, benefit, fortune, 
destiny. z 

un'torg ha'ik, good fl-otune. 
un'totg ja-haf .and un'torg ma'- 
larg, bad fortune. 

un'tut, elephantiasis. 

u'pah, pay, wages. Cf. gaji. 
o'rarg u'pa-han, hired man. 

u'patn, m-rgu'pam to polish, 
burnish. Cf. chanai. 
ter-u'pam, polished. 

upama, see umpama. 

u'pas (Jav.), the upas tree, and 

the poison made therefrom. 
u-pa'ya (8k.), means, resources. 

da'ya u-pa'ya, resources, means 
. ■ of doing things. 
u'peh, the flower sheath of cer- 
tain palms, used to make 
biickets, etc. 

up'ti (Sk.), tribute. 
u'rai, m-rgii'raij to untie, undo, 
open. Cf. huha. 
' 'mas' u'rai, gold dust. 

u'rap, m-rgu'rap, to rub with oil 
or cosmetics. 

u'rat, nerve, vein, muscle, sinew. 
u'rat da' rah, vein. 
u'rat pu'teh, nerve. 
sa'lah u'rat, sprain. 

u'ri, the afterbirth. 

u'rut, m-rgu'rut, to rub with the 

u'sah, need, necessity; to be 
necessary. Cf. wajih. 

la' u'sah, there is no need, never 

u'sali-lcan, not merely, instead 
u'sa-ha (Sk.), diligence, continu- 
ed effort. Cf. rajin. 

ber-u'sa-ha, diligent". 

u'sa-ha' kan di'ri, to be indus- 
trious, be diligent. 

u'sek, m-rgu'sek, to annoy, vex, 
plague, worry. - 

u'si-a (Sk.), age, length of life. 
Cf. umor. 

u'sir, m-rgu'sir, to pursue, chase. 
Cf. hambat and hjar. 

u'song:, m-rgu'sorg, to carry. on 
a pole or litter or stretcher. 
Cf. tandu. 

Usui, see asal. 

u'sut (B.), to incite = asaf. 

u-ta'ma (Sk.), excellent, best; 
also terutaina. 



u-ta'ra (Sk.), the Forth. 

u-tar-u'tar, a small round shk4d. 

ii'tas, a coil, skein ; numerical co- 
efficient of necklaces, etc. 

u'tas, an artisan, mechanic. 

ut'tau (B.) (Chin.), a flat iron, 
ironing box. Cf. strika. 

u'tus, m-rgu'tus, to send an em- 
u'tu-san, ambassador, envoy. 

wa'fat (Ar.), dead; usually 

wah' (132), an exclamation of 

astonishment or disgust. 
wa'hi (Ar.), revelation, vision; 

also wahyu. 
wa'jah. (Ar.), face. 

wa'jib (Ar.), necessary, indis- 
pensable, obligatory. Cf. 

wa'kaf (Ar.), endowment, be- 
quest (for religious pur- 

wa'kil (Ar.), agent, representa- 
tive, manager, attorney, 

wak'tu (Ar.), time, period; at 
the time when, while. Cf. 
li'ma wa¥tu, the five stated 
hours of prayer, namely, su- 
hoh, dloha, asar, maghrib 
and 'isha. 

tva'lau (Ar.), even if, although. 

wa'li (Ar.), governor. 

waig', money; in the native cur- 
rency 1 wary = 10 duit. 
warg' 'mas', gold money. , 
warg' her'tas, paper money, 


warg' tu'nai, ready money, cash. 

hu-arg' warg', to waste money. 

hu'rga warg', interest of money. 

cha'ri warg', to earn money. 
wa'igi (Jav.), sweet smelling, 

fragrant. Cf. karom. 
wai^'kaig, a Chinese junk, 
wap, see uap. i^U-^*-^^"^ 
wa'rin (Eng.), a warrant for 

wa'rith and wa'ris (Ar.), heir, 

inheritor. ""^ 

wa-saig'ka (Sk.), doubts, un- 
certainty, anxiety, perplexity. 

wa'seh, piles, hemorrhoids; also 

wa'si-at (Ar.), will, testament; 
also surat wasiat. 

was'was (Ar.), evil suggestionj 

wa'yaig, a theatrical perform- 

ma'in wa'yarg. 

m a 

_ „, to act 
ru'mah tva'yarg, a theatre, 

wa'zir (Ar.), vizier, prime mi- 
nister. Cf. mntri. 

wer'na (Sk.), colour. 

wer'ta (Sk.), news, information, 
report. Cf. brita and hha- 
wer'ta-Tcan, to report, inform 

Wolanda, see Blanda. 

wrirgin = brirgin, q.v. 

ya' (59), yes; oh (133) (chiefly 
used in addressing the deity 
and superiors). 



:ya'a'ni (Ar.), that is to say, that 
is. Cf. ia'itu. 

Ya-hu'di (Ar.), Jew, Jewish; 
also Jahudi and Jaudi. 

^a'kin (Ar.), certainty, convic- 
tion, earnestness, eagerness, 

ya'kut (Pers.), Jacinths, rubies, 
and some other precious 

j^am-tu'an, a corruption of yarg 
di-pertuan; see yary. 

y&vg' (Jav.), God; found as a 
derivative in the words : 

Ica-ya'rgan, the heaven of Hin- 
du mythology. Cf. shorfja 
and indra. 

sm-bah'yarg, worship; see sm- 

j^aig' (20, 21) (136, 137), who, 
what, which; (34) used to 
form the ordinal numbers; 
and (92, 93) the superlative 
degree of adjectives. 

yaiy' di-per-tu'an, his majesty. 

yarg' ma'ha mu-li'a, his high- 
ness, his excellency. 

j'a'tim (Ar.), orphaned; orphan; 
also anale yatim. Cf. piaiu. 
yaum' (Ar.), day. 

j'O-gi'a (Sk.), in the phrase: 
s-yo-gi' a-rya, it is seemly. 

yu'ran, subscription, collection. 

za'bur(Ar.), the book of Psalms, 
also hitab zabur. Cf. maa- 

zai'tun (Ar.), the olive.. 

za'kat (Ar.), the Mohammedan 
poor rate. 

za'man (Ar.), time, epoch, age; 
also zmaii and jman. Of. 
kola, masa and waktu. 

za''man ber-zn'man, for succes- 
sive generations. 

za'man d-liu'Ju, in olden times. 

za'man s-l-a'raiy, the present 

a'hhir za'man, the last time, 
the end of the ages. 
zam'rud (Pers.), an emerald. 

zat' (Ar. dhat), substance, es- 
zaV Al'lah, the divine essence 
or nature. 

zi'na, ber-zi'na, adultery, for- 
nication; to commit adul- 

zi'rah (Pers.), and ba'ju zi'rah 
coat of mail. 

zm'rud (Pers.), an emerald. 

zu'fa (Ar.), hyssop. 

h ►.!,«■. 




The Numerals. 

One, sat'ii, s-. 
Two, dim. 
Three, tiga.. 
Four, anvpat. 
Five, lima. 
I3ix, anam. 
Seven, hijoh. 
Eight, dlapan. 
Nine, smbilan. 
Ten, s-puloh. 
Eleven, s-blas. 
Twelve, dua bias. 
Thirteen, ti<fa Has. 
TVenty, dua puloh. 
Twenty-one, dua puloh 

Black, hitam. 
Blue, biru. 

Brown, hitam manis. 
C'hestnut, perarg. 
<ireen, hijau. 
<jrey, klabu. 

or s- 

Twenty-tivo, dua puloh dua or 

dua lekor. 
Thirty, tiga puloh. ■ 

Thirty-one, iiga puloh satu. 
One hundred, s-mtus. 


and one, s-ralits 

s-ratus s- 


One hundred and ten, 

One hundred and twenty, s-ratus 

dua puloh. 
One thousand, s-ribu. 
Ten thousand, s-lalsa. 
One hiindred thousand, s-kti. 
One million, s-juta. 


Pink, merah mtida. 
Purple, urgu. 
Eed, merah, merah tua. 
White, puteh. 
Yellow, kuning. 

Clothing and Household Affairs. 

Accounts, kira-kira. 
Air, to, jmor, aiginkan. 
Almeirah, almari. 
Basin, viargkok, bokor. 
Basket, bakul. 
Bath-room, tmpat mo.ndi. 
Bed, tmpat tidor. 
Bed-room, bilek tidor. 
Bell, locherg. 
Belt, ikat pirggatg. 
Bill, surat h\itarg. 
Blanket, sliimd. 

Book, buku. 
Bottle, iotol. 
Box, pti. 
Broom, pryapu. 
Brush, brus. 
Bucket (dipper), timba. 
Bundle, burgkus. 
Button, kanchirg. 
Candle, lilin, dian. 
Candlestick, kaki lilin. 
Ceiling, largit-largit. 
Chair, kursi, krusi. 



Charcoal, ararg hayu. 

Chicks (sun-blinds), bidai. 

Clean, berseh. 

Clean, to, chuchi. 

Clock, jam. 

Cloth, kain. 

Clothes, pakaian. 

Coat, baju. 

Comb, sikat rambot. 

Cotton (thread), bnarg. 

Cup, maiykok. 

Cupboard, alinari. 

Curtain (mosquito), klambu. 

Curtain (window), tirai. 

Dish, pirggan. 

Door, pintu. 

Drain"; loiykarg. 

Drawer, lachi. 

Dry in the air, to, arginkan. 

Dry in the sun, to, jmor. 

Dust, habok. 

Dust, to, sapu haboki 

Eat, to, makan. 

Envelope, sarorg surat. 

Extinguish, to, padam. 

Pamilv, isi ruiiiali, kattm hlurga. 

Firewood, hayu api. 

Flannel, Icaiii panas. 

Flannel shirt, hmeja panas. 

Floor, lantai. 

Flower pot, pasu burga. 

Fold, to, lipai. 

Food, makanan. 

Fork, garfii. 

Glass, 'glas. 

Hammer, pmuhol, prgtok. 

Handkerchief, sapu iargan. 

Hat, iopi. 

Ink, tinta, daivat. 

Iron, to, strika, triha. 

Kerosine, miryak tanali. 

Key, anak kuncM. 

Kitchen, dapin: 

Knife, pisau. 

Lamp, laiiipn, pVda. ' 

"Lamp g\as», choiorg. 

Lamp wick, stimbu. 

Letter, surat. 

Light a lamp, to, pasarg lampu~ 

Lock, kunchi. 

Lock," to, huncliikan. 

Long chair, kursi panjarg. 

Mat, iikar. 

Matches, horeh api, machis. 

Mattress, tilam. 

Measure, to (length), ukor. 

Measure, to (capacity), sukat. 

Medicine, obat. 

Mirror, chermin muka. 

Mosquito, ryamok. 

Mosquito net, Mambu. 

N'ail, paku. 

Needle, jarom. 

Newspaper, surat khabar. 

Oil, miryak. 

Padlock, kunchi margga. 

Paper, kertas. 

Pail, torg, baldi. ' 

Pay, to, bayer. 

Picture, gambar. 

Pillow, bantal. 

Pillow case; sarorg bantal. 

Pin, pniti. 

Plate, pirirg. 

Pocket, kochek. 

Saucer, pirirg. 

Scissors, guntirg. 

Screw, paku skrup. 

Sew, to, jaliit. 

Sheet, slimut. 

Shirt, kmeja. 

Shoes, kasut, spatn. 

Singlet, baju dalam. 

Soap, sabon. 

Socks, sarorg kaki. 

Sofa, kauchi. 

Spectacles, chermin mata. 

Sponge, span, lum.vt karanf. 

Spoon, sndok, siidu. 

Stairs, targga. 

Starch, kanji. 

Stockings, sarorg kali. 

Sweep, to, sapu, gosok. 

Table, meja. 



Table-cloth, hain meja. 
Table, to lay the, torofe meja. 
Table, to wait at, jaga- meja. 
Tailor (Chinese), tukarg jdhit. 
Tailor (Indian), dirzi, derji. 
Teapot, tmpat teh. 
Thimble, didal. 
Thread, hnarg. 
Tooth-pick, Tcorek gigi. 
Towel, tuala. 
Tray, dularg. 
Trousers, sluar. 
Umbrella, payorg. 

Vest, baju dalam. 

Wages, gaji. 

Wall (partition), dindirg. 

Wall (outside), tembok. 

Wash, to, chuchi, iasaih. 

Washerman, dhobi. 

Wash-tub, torg Jcayu. 

Watch, jam Jcchil. 

Weigh, to, timbarg. 

White ant, smut puteh, anai-ana\ 

Wick, sumbu. 

Window, jndela. 

Write, to, tulis. 

Foods and Cookery. 

Almond, badam, Maparg. 

Bake, to, parggarg. 

Bamboo shoots, rborg. 

Banana, pisarg. 

Beans, hacharg. 

Beef, dagirg Imbu. 

Boil, to, rbus. 

Bread, roti. 

Bread fruit, sukun. 

Brinjal, trorg. 

Butter, mntega. 

Cabbage, Jcobis. 

Cake, Jcueli. 

Capon, ayam kmbiri. 

Cayenne pepper, lada merah. 

Charcoal, ararg hayu. 

Cheese, Iceju. 

Chicken, ayam hchil. 

Chop, to, chincharg. 

Chutney, cliatni. 

Coco-nut, Mapa, ryiur. 

Coffee, hopi. 

Corn (Indian), jagorg. 

Crab, Mam, Icpitirg. 

Cucumber, timon. 

Curry, gulai, Mri. 

Custard apple, iiiah nona. 

Dates, Jchurma. 

Duck, itek. 

Duku, duku. 

Durian, durian. 

Egg, tlor. 

Pish, ikan. 

Plour, tporg. 

Fowl, ayam. 

Fruit, buah. 

Pry, to, gorirg. 

Ghee, miryak sapi, gi. 

Ginger, halia. 

Goose, a'rgsa. 

Gravy, kuali. 

Guava, jambu biji. 

Heart, jantorg. 

Honey, ayer madu, gula Ibah. 

Ice, ayer batu. 

Ice cream, ais krim. 

Indian corn, jagorg. 

Jack fruit, nargka. 

Kitchen, dapur. 

Langsat, largsat. 

Lard, miryak babi. 

Leg, kaki. 

Lemonade, ayer manis. 

Lime, asam, limau nipis. 

Liver, haii. 

Lobster, hudarg galali. 

Maize, jagorg. 

Malacca syriap, gula hitam, gula 

Mango, m.aigga. 
Mangosteen, matggis. 
Marrow, otak tularg. 



Meat, dagity. 

Milk, smu. 

Mushroom, chndawan. 

Mustard, ssawi. 

Mutton, dagiiy hanibirg. 

Onion, bawaig. 

Orange, Umau munis. 

Oven, dapur. 

Ox tail, el-or ■Imhu. 

Ox tongue, lidah hnhu. 

Oysters, tirain. 

Papaya, buah btelc, kpaya. 

Peas, hacharg. 

Pepper, lada. 

Pickles, achar. 

Pigeon, merpati, komba. 

Pine-apple, nanas. 

Plantain, pisarg. 

Pork, dagirg babi. 

Porridge, suji. 

Potato, ubi. 

Prawns, hudarg. 

Pudding, kueh. 

Pulasan, pulasan. 

Pumpkin, labn merah. 

Raisins, lew mis. 

Eambai, rambai. 

Eambutan, rambutan. 

llice (in the husk), jmdi. 

Eice (husked), bras. 

Eiee (cooked), nasi. 

Boast, to, parggarg. 

Sago, sagn. 

Salad, salada. 

Salt, garam. 

Sauce, SOS, kuah. 

Sour-sop, durian blanda. 

Spices, rmpah-rmpah. 

Spinach, bay am. 

Squash, labu merah. 

Sugar, gula. 

Sweet potato, kledek. 

Syrup, ayer gula. 

Tail, ekor. 

T'ea, teJi. 

Tea (mtused),' ayer tell. 

Tea leaves, dau?i teli. 

Teapot, tmpat teli. 

Toast, roti parggarg. 

Tough, Icras. 

TuT^ey. ayam blanda. 

Turtle, ptyu. 

Vegetables, sdyur. 

Mnegar, cliuka. 

Water, drinking, ayer mihum. 

Yam, kladi. 

Horses and Carriages. 

Bit. lagam, kaiy. 

Bran, ddak, bu-si. 

Broom, ptyapu. Jv^'^oLjtv fo^uleeb 

Brush, brus. > ' ' 

Candle, lilin. 

Carriage, kreta. 

Comb, sikai, sisir. 

Cushion, iilam. 

Drive, to, pga^g ras. 

Ploor, lantai. 

Gram, kacliarg kuda. 

Groom, sais. 

Harness, pakaian kuda. 

Hoof, kuku. " 

Horse, kuda. 

Kick, to, tnddrg: 

Lame, temparg. 
Lamp, plita, lampu. 
Mane, bulu irgkoh. 
Mare, kuda btina. 
Matches, korek api. 
Medicine, obat. 
Oil, miryak. 
Paddy, padi. 
Pail, torg bsi, baldi. 
Pair (of horses), jori. 
Pony, kuda kchil. 
Eeins, ras. 

Eide, to, turggatg kuda. 
Eub, to, gosok. 
Saddle, plana, sela. 
Shaft, bom. 



Shoe, bsi huda, spatu kuda. 
Spange, spdn, lumut Tcararg. 
Stable, hargsal kuda. 
Sweep, to, sapu. 
Swelling, brykak. 
Traces, jut. 

Vicious, jahat. 

Walk a horse, jalankan kuda. 

Wheel, roda. 

Wliip, chabok. 

Wound, luka. 

The Human Body. 

Abdomen, prot. 

Ankle, mata kaki. 

Arm, Irgan. 

Armpit, ktiak. 

Artery, urat darah. 

Back, blakarg. 

Beard, jarggot. 

Blood, darah. 

Body, badan, tuboh. 

Bone, tulaiy. 

Brains, otak. 

Breath, nafas. 

Brow, knirg^ 

Buttocks, pnrggorg. 

Calf of the leg, jantorg btis. 

C'heek, pipi. 

€hest, dada. 

Chin, dagu. 

Ear, tlirga, kupirg. 

Elbow, siku. 

Eye, mata. 

Eyeball, biji mata. 

Eyebrow, bulu knirg. 

Tllyelash, bulu mata. 

TSyelid, Mopak mata. 

Face, muka. 

Finger, jari. 

dinger nail, huku jari. 

Flesh, dagirg. 

Foot, kaki. 

Forehead, dahi. 

Crums, gusi. 

Hair (of the body),, bulu roma. 

Hair (of the head), rambot. 

Hand, targan. 

Head, kpala. < 

Heart, jatttorg. . 

Heel, lumil. 

Instep, kura-kura kaki. 

Joints, sndi. 

Kidney, buah pirggarg. 

Knee, lutut. 

Knuckles, buku jari. 

Leg, kaki, btis. 

Lip, bibir. 

Liver, hati. 

Loins, pargkal paha. 

Lungs, paru-paru. 

Moustache, misai, kumis. 

Mouth, mulut. 

Xeck, lehir. 

Xerves, urat puteh. 

Xose, hidorg. 

Xostril, lobarg hidorg. 

Palm (of the hand), tapak t<t- 

Perspiration, ploh. 
Phlegm, dahak. 
Pulse, Tiadi. 
Shin, tiilarg krirg. 
Shoulder, bahu. 
Shoulder blade, blikat. 
Side, . rusok. 
Skin, kulit. 
Skull, trgkorak. 

Sole (of the foot), tapak kakii i 
Spittle, ayer lior. i 

Tears, ayer-mata. /i; 

Thigh, paha. ' : 

Throat (windpipe), krorgkorg. 
Toe, jari kaki. ' 

Tong-ue, lidah. 
Tooth, gigi. 
Uvula, anak lidah. 
Vein, urat darah. 
Waist, pirggarg.. ; , ; i 




Abortion, buarg anak. 

Abscess, barah. 

Ague, dmam hura. 

Amenorrhoaa, berhenti darah. 

Anaemia, Jcurarg darali. 

Asthma, ssah dada, lla. 

Atrophy, hums hrirg. 

Baldness, botah, gondol. 

Beri-beri, sakit lumpoh, sbar. 

Bleeding, hluar darah. 

Blindness, buta. 

Boil, bisul. 

Bronchitis, ssah dada, lla. 

Bruise, Ibam. 

Bubo, margga, hlnjaran. '' 

Burn, terbahar. 

Calculus, baturbattian. 

Cancer, puru. 

Cataract, bular. 

Catarrh, slsmah. 

Cholera, munfali berah. 

Cold, slsmah. 

Colic, mulag, chiha. 

Constipation, smblit. 

Consumption, batoh hrirg. 

Convulsion, sawan. 

Cough, hatoh. 

Cramps, mulas. 

Deafness, phah,. tuli. 

Debility, klmahan. 

Diabetes, hnchirg manis. 

Diarrhoea, buarg-buarg aijer. 

Diphtheria, sriawan. 

Dislocation, plechok. 

Dropsy, smbap. 

Dumb, bisUj klu. 

Dysentery, buarg ayer darah. 

Dysmenorrhcea, srggugot. 

Dyspepsia, pryahit fa'hajam. 

Elephantiasis, uniut. 

Epidemic, sampar. 

Epilepsy, gila babi. 

Evacuate, to (the bowels), buaig 

ayer, berah. 
Extracting teeth, chabot gigi. 

Fever, dmam. 

Fever and ague, dmam hura. 

Fever, continued, dmam hpialiu 

Flatulence, sndawa. 

Fracture of bone, patah iularg. 

Freckles, iahi lalat. 

Gonorrhoea, sahit hnchirg. 

Gravel, batu-baiuan. 

Harelip, bibir sumbirg. 

Headache, sahit hpala. 

Hemorrhage, hluar darah. 

Hemorrhoids, bawasir, waseh. 

Hiccough, sdu. 

Humpbacked, borghok. 

Hydrocele, borot. 

Impotence, mati puchok. 

Indigestion, mahanan ta'hajam.. 

Inflammation, brghah. 

Insanity, gila. 

Insomnia, ta'boleh iidor. 

Intermittent fever, dmam hura^ 

Itch, hudis. 

Jaundice, mmbarg. 

Leprosy, kusia, pryahit jahat. 

Leuchorrhoea, puteh-putehan. 

Lockjaw, hahu. 

Lumbago, srgal pirggarg. 

Malaria, dmam. 

Mange, hudis. 

Mania, gila. 

Measles, champak. 

Menses, datarg bulan. 

Miscarriage, gugor anah. 

Moles, tahi lalat. 

Mumps, brgok. 

Nausea, loya. 

Nerve, urat puteh. 

Ophthalmia, sakit mata. 

Palpitation, dbar. 

Palsy, tepoh. 

Paralysis, tepok. 

Phthisis, batoh krirg. 

Piles, bawasir, waseh. 

Pleurisy, tiham-tikam. 

Pox, small, chachar, Mumbohan. 



Prickly heat, uam punas. 

Eheumatism, srgal, sideh. 

Eingworm, hurap. 

Scrofula, tmhok-tmboh. 

Scutvy, saratan. 

Semen, mni. 

Small-pox, chachar, Mumbohan. 

Sores, toTcak. 

Sprain, salah urat. 

Stomach-ache, salcit prot. 

Sunstroke, panah mata-hari. 

Syphilis, saMt prempuan. 
Toothache, saMt gigi. 
Tumour, iisul ta'bermaia. 
Ulcer, phorg. 
Urine, ayer. JcncMrg. 
Vaccination, tanam chachar. 
Varicose veins, urat terJduar. 
Vomiting, muntah. 
Whooping cough, batoh salak. 
Worms, chachirg. 
Wounds, luka. 

Timbers in Local Use. 

Ballow, balau. 
Bilian, blian. 
Bintangor, bntargor. 
Camphor, hapur. 
Chingai, chrgai. 
Damar laut, damar laut. 
Daroo, daru-daru. 
Ebony, Icayu ararg. 
Iron-wood, blian. 
Kamuning, kmnnirg. 
Kranji, hranji. 
Mangrove, bakau, api-api. 

Meranti, mranti. 

Mirabau, nierhau. 

Eussock, rsak. 

Sandalwood, chndana. 

Sappan wood, sparg. 

Selangan batu, slargan baiu. 

Selangan kacha, slargan kacha. 

Seraya, sraya. 

Tampinis, impinis. 

Teak. jati. 

Tembusu, tinbusu. 

Nautical Terms. 

Aground, terkandas. 
t^* Ahead, di muka. 
^, Anchor, sauh. 

Anchor, to, berlaboh. 

Anchorage, labohan. 
--^ Astern, di blaharg. 

Awning, chtri. 

Back water, to, lais. 

Bale out, to, timba ayer. 

Ballast, tolak bhara. 

Barge, torgkarg. 

Bay, tlok. 

Bi]ge water, ayer ruarg. 
L- Boat, sampan,, boi. 
v'Bow, hluan. 
^^Buoy, boya. 

Cabin, kurorg. 

Calm, argin . tdoh. 

Cape, tanjorg. . 

Capstan, pyiaran. 

Captain, kaptan, kapitan. 

Captain (native), nakhoda. 

Chart, pta. 

Clear, trarg. 

Cloudy, rdop. 
.Collide, to, larggar.. 

Compass, pdoman. 

Current, hams. 
'Dark, glap.. 
-Deck, dek. 
"Deep, dalam. 

Drift, to, haryut. 



Ebb, ayer surut. 

•Pathom, dpa. 

Float, to, iimbol. 
w. Flood tide, ayer pasarg. , 

Fog, Icabot. 

Foul, tersargTcot. 

Founder, to, Tcaram. 

Oalley, dapur. 

Halyards, signal, tali bndera. 

Hard over, chhar. 

Hatch, p)alk(ih. 
v^ Hawser, iali bsar. 

Heave up, to (windlass), abis. 
^ Heave up, to (anchor), borghar 

Heave the lead, to, buarg duga or 

Heeling over, serget. 

Helrri, kinudi. 
>,^High water, pasarg pnoh. 

Hurricane, taufan. 

Island, pulau. 

Knot, simpol. 
xy Land, darat. 

Lead line, tali duga or tali prum. 

Leaky, bochor. 

Leeward, di bawah argin. 

Lighter, torghatg. 
x-- Lighthouse, rumah api. 
^ Lightning, kilat. 
«/ Lights, lampu, plita. 

Log, patent, topdal 

Lower away, to, aria. 
v^ Make fast, to, ihat. 

V Mast, tiarg. 
Mate, m'alim. 
Mist, Hcabot. 

V Mud, I urn pur. 
Oar, dayorg. v 

■^^^^ Port, hiri. 

Pump, bomba. JC 

■Quartermaster, juru-mudi. 

Raft, rakit. 
v-^ Eain, hujan. 

Bain, heavy, hujan Ibai. 

Eain, light, hujan rintek-rinloh. 

IRigging, liiJi-iinali. 

Eock, batu., 

Eope, tali. 

Eudder, kmudi. 

Sail, layer. 

SaiKng ship, kapal layer. 

Sailor, khalasi, dnalc prahu. 

Sand, pasir. 

Sand-bank, btirg. 

Sea, laut. 

Sea-sick, mabok laut. 

Shallow, tohor, chetek. 

Shark, ikan yu. 

Ship, kapal. 

Shore, pantai, darat. 

Shrouds, tmberarg. 

Sink, to, trgglam. 

Slack away chain, to, aria raniai. 

Slack tide, ayer tnarg. 

Smokestack, ch ororg. 

Splice, to, samborg. 

Starboard, kanan. 

Steady helm, tgar kmudi. 

Steam, uap. 

Steamer, kapal api. 

Steer, pgarg kmudi. 

Stern, buritan. 

Storm, ribot. 

Strait, slat. 

Supercargo, chincku. 

Surf, fchahan ombak. 

Swell, alun. 

Tacking, berpal-pal. 

Ta«k, tanki. 

Tarpaulin, tarpal. 

Thunder, guroh. 

Tow, to, tonda. 

Twine, tali kchil. 

Vessel (European), kapal. 

Vessel (native), prahu. 

Waterspout, putirg bliorg. 

Wave, ombak, glombarg. 

Wind, atgin. 

Windlass, putaran. 

Windward, di atas argin. 

Wire rope, tali bsi, tali kawat. 

Wire, dawai. 



The Countries of the World. 

Abyssinia, negri Habshi. 
Aclieen, negri Acheh. 
Amboyna, pulau Ambun. 
America, negri Merihan. 
Arabia, negri 'Arab. 
Australia, negri Strelia. 
Batavia, Biawi. 
Bengal, negri Brggala. 
Bombay, Bombai. 
Borneo, Brunai. 
Burmah, negri Berma. 
Celebes, Slebes. 
Ceylon, Selon. 
China, negri China. 
Egypt, negri Masir. 
England, negri Irggris or Irglan. 
Europe, negri Airopah. 
France, negri Fransis. 
Germany, negri Jerman. 
Greece, negri Grik. 

Hindustan, negri Hindi. 

Holland, negri Blanda. 

India, negri Hindi. 

Italy, negri Itali. 

Japan, negri J pun. 

Java, ianah Jawa. 

Macassar, Mrgkasar. 

Malacca, Mlaka. 

Malaya, tanah Mlayu. 

New Guinea, Papua. 

Persia, negri Farsi. 

Portugal, negri Portugis. 

Eussia, negri Rusia. 

Siam, negri Siani. 

Singapore, Singapvrd and Slat, 

Spain, negri Sparyel. 

Sumatra, Pnlau Percha. 

Syria, negri Sham. 

Turkey, negri Turki. 

The Points of the Compass. 

Iforth, titara. 
I^orth-east, timor laut. 

East, timor. 

South-east, trggara. , ^ 

South, slatan. 
South-west, barat daya. 
West, barat. 
North-west, barat laut. 

^-A-f - c.f^'', . 

e^-iriW. /V|Tj»lt '$yaK r^c>»/fV 
L'»»^Z- i.»^a*J Md'wi 


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