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Full text of "Report of the reunion of the Grant family association at the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Ulysses Simpson Grant in Washington, D.C., April 27, 1922, and of the exercises at New York city and Point Pleasant, Ohio"

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The original of tiiis book is in 
tine Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 



http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924089054708 



REPORT 

OF THE 

REUNION 



OF THE 



GRANT FAMILY ASSOCIATION 



AT THE 



Celebration of the 1 00th Anniversary of 
The Birth of Ulysses Simpson Grant 

in Washington, D. C, April 27. 1922 

and of 

The Exercises at New York City and Point Pleasant, Ohio. 



EDITED BY 

FRANK GRANT 

(1120.3072) 

Secretary-Treasurer 



CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 



3 1924 089 054 708 



WESTFIELD, MASS. 
1922 



Dear Kinsfolk: 

The idea of holding a meeting of our Family Association in the city 
of Washington whenever the memorial to our illustrious kinsman, Gen- 
eral Ulysses S. Grant, should be ready for dedication, has been in mind 
for many years. It was referred to repeatedly in talking with the for- 
mer President of our Association, General Fred D. Grant, before his 
passing and he approved of it. The World War delayed matters and we 
have held no meeting since 1914. 

The government having completed the monument and announced 
the date for unveiling to be on the one hundredth anniversary of General 
Grant's birth, i.e., April 27th of this year, and the time being too short 
for formal procedure, your President and Secretary-Treasurer issued the 
call for a meeting the 26th and 27th of April at Washington. 

Fraternally, 



'^^.^^^^^^ 




Secretary- Treasurer. 



President, Eusene J, Gbant, Brooklyn, New York City 
1st Vice-President, Eollin P. Gkant, New York City 
Md Vice-President, Chakles J. North, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Srd Vice-President, Edwin J. Gkant, Los Angeles, Cal. 
4th Vice-President, Ulysbeb S. Ghant, 3rd, U. S. A. 
Secretary-Treasurer, Fkanic Grant, Westfield, Mass. 
Recorder, EnHu Grant, Haverford, Pa. 



"Stand Fast" 
GRANT FAMILY ASSOCIATION 

(INCORPORATED) 

AprU Srd, 1922. 

If living on April 27tli, 1922, 

GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT 

would be 

One hundred years old 

The United States Government has erected a monument 

to his memory which will be unveiled at 

WASHESTGTON, D. C. 

on his One Hundredth Birthday. 

The monument stands directly in front of 

THE CAPITOL 
At the head of the Mall leading directly 
to the WASHINGTON MONUMENT, 
the LINCOLN MONUMENT and on 

to ARLINGTON 

The monimient itself comprises the largest and finest bronze group in the world. It 
is altogether fitting that the members of the GRANT FAMILY ASSOCIATION should 
participate in this event which is one that will go into history in such manner as to thrill 
the heart of every one of the good old name or blood. 

It is proposed to hold a, meeting of the Grant FamUy Association in Washington, 
April 26th, the day before the unveiling, at which time details for the 27th will be discussed. 

If you will kindly and promptly sign and mail the enclosed blank to Mr. Frank Grant, 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. F. A., Westfield, Mass., it will enable the committee to plan more 
definitely. Also include $1.00 for 1921 dues, which will entitle you to one of our reports 
covering the proceedings together with illustrations of the monument. 

Come and get into the group picture. This report will become an heirloom in the 
Grant family. 

The libraries of the coimtry have sent for and cataloged the reports we have hereto- 
fore issued. 

The unveiling of this monument is not only of interest to our family, but is of National 
and historical importance. 

Yours Fraternally, 

Feank Gbant, Secretary-Treasurer, 
E. J. Grant, President. Westfield, Mass. 

Be kind enough to return enclosed slip with your correct address as we are revising our 
mailing list. 

3 



The Meeting 

A meeting of the members was held at The Raleigh the evening of 
the 26th. 

The gathering at the Hotel Raleigh was a happy family affair. 
Whether it can be dignified as one of the series of official meetings may 
be questioned but of its human value there can be no question. There 
were about twenty present. The Honorable Theodore E. Burton was 
with us throughout and like both brother and father to us all. We 
chatted and fellowshipped, ran through pages in the Family Book and 
discussed the welfare of the Association. Dm-ing the evening the proj- 
ect of holding another meeting in the autumn at Windsor was brought 
up and seemed desirable to the majority of those present. 

A special delivery letter from Mrs. Frederick D. Grant was received 
with most cordial greetings to the members and explaining that because 
she was accompanying President Harding and party to the Point Pleas- 
ant Ohio celebration she would be unable to attend the meeting. 

When Colonel SherrUl asked us how many seats at the unveiling 
should be reserved for us, the reply had to be a guess, with distance, 
business conditions, etc., in mind we said "thirty," which he very gra- 
ciously assigned us. The event proved a good Yankee guess. The day 
came — an ideal one — in a city beautiful beyond compare with any 
other in the United States, perhaps in the world, a capital city that 
every American may well be proud of. Congress adjourned and the day 
was made a hoUday in Washington. 

We are able to give in the long folded half-tone insert, some idea of the size of the monu- 
ment (practically showing but about one-half of it, however), described in detail in the 
Official Program. 

The following from The Washington Post describes the parade, 
varied and brilliant, which reached along Pennsylvania Avenue from 
the White House to the Capitol, and estimated to have had 10,000 
marchers in line : 





1 - I -, li 7 

Kl'iV TO Pl'ldPI.E (IN SPEAKEICS STAND Al' rN\i:illN(; ( 'I ;ii 1 '.Mi iN 1 1 > 
r S riRANT MKMdUIAI., W ASI 1 1 Nl ll I IX. 11 C. M'lill, ;j 
.JUS. A^^'t (J M (i , (h'IHThI 



1. Col. Frauds .M 

Carr'B Staff 

2. Rev, Wm. E Huntmizl.in, I) I) , LL I) 

3. Gfn. Julian 8. Carr, Conmiander-in-Clu 

Confederate ^'eteran8 

4. Hon. Edwin Denby, Secretary of the Navy 



" I'lii': <;i:Ni':iiAi 

r Pr.M, !,.,,( ,,f tl„, , 



.3. Hon. Calvin Cooli'dgo, Vice-President of the United States 



I, Chief .luslH-e TafI, 

State,, 

7 lit Rev and Cen Samuel l.'ii||,,„-s 
S Hon .lohn W, Weeks, Seeretiirj of Wa 
<l Hon Wendell Phillips Stafford 
10 Gen, ,Iohn J, Pershing 



led 



City Acclaims Hero 

Thousands Witness Unveiling of Grant Memorial Statuary 

Confederates Pay Tribute 
Never Was Conquering General So Magnanimous, Says Carr 

West Point and Naval Cadets Head the Parade of 10,000 — Princess Granddaughter 
Loosens Flags — Acceptance by Coolidge, Whose Speech Praises General — 
Pigeons Fly, Betokening Peace — Wreaths 

Washington joined with the entire nation yesterday in paying its 
meed of honor to Ulysses S. Grant, formerly general of the armies and 
later President of the United States. This was done at the unveiling of 
the memorial statue of the immortal soldier reared as a conspicuous 
tribute to his inimitable genius and placed in the very shadow of the Cap- 
itol dome. With governmental and municipal affairs at a standstill at 
12.30, the capital turned out en masse to do honor to the leader of the 
Union's victorious legions on the one hundredth anniversary of his birth. 

With the President of the United States paying his tribute to the 
great Union leader at his birthplace at Point Pleasant, Ohio, the Vice- 
President, Calvin Coolidge, accepted the Grant memorial on behalf of 
the nation. 

Once Mohe in Historic Avenue 

Their march was once more down the historic Pennsylvania Avenue, 
over the very same ground many of them had marched those long fifty- 
some years ago when the war-scarred legions were mustered from the 
military service in the capital. But their progress was not beneath the 
eyes of their beloved Grant. It was rather in a pilgrimage to a spot that 
would serve to carry his valor in a memorable symbolic statue of his 
Uving likeness before all future generations who might come in similar 
pilgrimages in the years ahead when the last of the blue-garbed legions 
have passed to the eternal camping ground. 

It was fitting that the Union blue was chiefly in evidence as the ma- 
jestic procession moved toward the Grant memorial. But of the deepest 
significance was the touch of the gray that dotted the ranks of the blue. 
Three score years ago they were foe and foe. Yesterday they marched 
as friends, reunited in an indissoluble union as strong as that which the 

5 



knights of the gray strove to shatter and, hke their bluecoated brethren, 
with their gaze turned toward the memorial to him whose valor they had 
come to honor. 

Through the courtesy of the Memorial Commission and the Gov- 
ernment Printing Office we are able to bind into this report, a copy of 
the handsome Official Program distributed at the unveiling exercises. 

At the moment of releasing the flags covering the monument, a 
Presidential Salute of twenty-one guns was fired from Fort Myer, and 
at the same instant, one hundred doves (carrier pigeons), emblems of 
peace, were released from beneath the general 's horse, circling in the air 
above for several moments, they sped away in various directions. 

The releasing cords were drawn by the Princess Cantacuzene and 
her daughter Ida, granddaughter and great-granddaughter of General 
U. S. Grant, (daughter and granddaughter of General Fred D. Grant.) 

The National Tribune of May 4, described the incident as follows : 

An exquisite feature came when the two Grant-Cantacuzene prin- 
cesses, mother and daughter, drew the string that let those giant twin 
flags fly apart. The people went wild with excitement, and the flags 
flew out on the breeze, then swept out on their horizontal halyards, dis- 
closing the magnificent horse and illustrious figure. Around their chief 
grouped the veterans in blue. Directly in front sat U. S. Grant Post, 
of New York, and Meade Post, of Philadelphia. There were flowers 
everywhere. 

Floral Wreaths Are Many 

Floral wreaths were presented. The wreath from President Har- 
ding was presented by Vice-President Coolidge, the Supreme Court trib- 
ute by Chief Justice Taft. National Commander Hanford MacNider 
presented the floral tribute from the American Legion. Other wreaths 
presented were one for the Order of Indian Wars, by General Pershing; 
Confederate Veterans, by General Julian S. Carr; for the mother of Gen- 
eral Fredrick Grant, by Bishop Fallows; for former President Wilson, 
by Princess Ida Cantacuzene, great-granddaughter of General Grant, 
and for U. S. Grant, 3d, by Bishop Fallows. 

General Fallows, who presided, called the meeting to order and pre- 
sented Rev. William Edwards Huntington, D.D., LL. D., president 
emeritus of Boston University, and first lieutenant under Grant in the 
49th Wisconsin, to give the invocation. 

Following we give the addresses as per the published program : 




PRESIDENT 



^[^ 




PROGRAM OF THE 

EXERCISES ATTENDING THE DEDICATION 

OF THE MEMORIAL TO 

GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT 

THE MALL AND FIRST STREET 

WASHINGTON 

APRIL 27. 1922 




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THE CENTRAL PEDESTAL AND EQUESTRIAN GROUP 
Looking East 

AUTHORIZATION FOR THE MEMORIAL 



BY ACT approved February 23, 1901 . Congress created a Commission composed 
of the President of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, the Chairman of 
the Committee on the Library of the U. S. Senate, and the Secretary of War. 
for the purpose of securing designs for and erecting a memorial to Gen. Ulysses S. 
Grant in the city of Washington. The Act appropriated $10,000 to cover the expense 
of procuring the design. 

In April. 1901, the Commission created by the Act issued invitations to sculptors 
to submit competitive designs under conditions, which were published in the program 
of competition sent to each sculptor. In response to this invitation twenty-three 
sculptors submitted twenty-seven designs during the month of March, 1902. From 
the models submitted two were selected for further competition, and from these two 
the design submitted by Mr. Henry M. Shrady, sculptor, and Mr. Edward P. Casey, 
architect, was accepted by the Commission on February 4, 1903, and on August 10, 
1903, the Commission entered into a contract with the sculptor and architect for the 
construction of the memorial. 

The first appropriation for the actual construction of the memorial was made in 
the Act of June 26, 1902, which provided $50,000 for commencing work. This was 
supplemented from time to time by additional appropriations until a total amount of 
$240,000 had been appropriated for construction work, which, with the $10,000 
appropriated for the procurement of designs, made a total of a quarter of a million 
dollars. 

2 




THE EQUESTRIAN GROUP 
Facing West 



MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION 



Bishop SAMUEL FALLOWS 

President Society Army of the Tennessee 

Chairman 

Hon. JOHN W. WEEKS 
Secretary of War 

Hon. frank B. BRANDEGEE 
Chairman Senate Committee on the Library 

Lieut. Col. CLARENCE O. SHERRILL 

Corps of Engineers 

Executive and Disbursing Officer 

3 



ORGANIZATIONS IN THE PARADE 

WHICH PRECEDE THE EXERCISES 



GRAND MARSHAL 
Major General John L. Clem, U. S. A. 
Staff 
Colonel Conrad S. Babcock, Adjutant General 
Major General Jas. G. Harbord, G. S. C, U. S. A. 
Major General George O. Squier, S. C, U. S. A. 
Major General J. A. Lejeune, U. S. Marine Corps 
Colonel W. E. Horton, Q. M. C. 
Lieut. Colonel C. O. Sherrill, C. E. 
Lieut. Colonel M. A. DeLaney, M. C. 
Lieut. Colonel Jas. P. Barney, Q. M. C. 
Major Sherman Miles, F. A. 

The Army Band 
West Point Cadets 
Midshipmen, U. S. Navy 
Generals and Admirals in automobiles 

U. S. Navy Band 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion 
Dames of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion 
General L. S. Pilcher, Commander-in-Chief, G. A. R. 
Senior Vice-Commander, R. W. McBride 
Junior Vice-Commander, Henry A. Johnson 
Army of the Tennessee 
Army of the Cumberland 
Army of the Potomac 
Delaware Department, G. A. R. 
Maryland Department, G. A. R. 
Naval Veterans National Association 
New York City Department, G. A. R. 
Pennsylvania Department, G. A. R. 
Department of the Potomac, G, A. R. 
Virginia Department, G. A. R. 
West Virginia Department, G. A. R. 
Sons of Veterans, Maryland Division 
Association of Veterans of Indian Wars 
United Spanish War Veterans and Band 
Naval and Military Order of the Spanish American War 
Veterans of Foreign Wars 
Military Order of Foreign Wars 
American Legion 
Military Order of World War 
Army and Navy Union 

Commanding Officer, U. S. Troops 



Field Music, 64th Infantry 

3d Battalion, 64th Infantry 

Army Nurse Corps 

Band, Third Cavalry 

2d Squadron, 3d Cavalry 

2d Battalion, 3d Field Artillery 

Marine Band 

Company of Marines 

Company of Bluejackets 

Band, D. C. National Guard 

Five companies D. C. National Guard 

High School Cadets 



ORDER OF EXERCISES 



Music — Before the Exercises 



Exercises called to order by . . Rt, Rev. and Gen. Samuel Fallows, 

President of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, and 

Chairman of the Grant Memorial Commission 

Invocation by . Rev. William Edwards Huntington, D. D., LL. D., 

President Emeritus of Boston University, and First Lieutenant under Grant 

in the 49th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry 

Presentation of the Colors and Salute to the Flag, Grand Army of the 
Republic, 

John Middleton, Ofificer of the Day: James H. Perkins, Color Bearer 

Introductory Remarks by Lieut. Col. Clarence O. Sherrill, U. S. A. 

Executive Ofificer of the Grant Memorial Commission 

Music 
The Unveiling of the Memorial by Princess Cantacuzene, grand- 
daughter, and Princess Ida Cantacuzene, great granddaughter 
of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. 

Music — The Star Spangled Banner 
Salute of twenty-one guns by Battery D, Third U. S. Field Artillery, 

Capt. Steele Wotkyns, Commanding 

Presentation of floral tributes, President, Congress, Supreme Court, 
Army of the Tennessee, Army of the Potomac, Army of the 
Cumberland, and others desiring to place wreaths 
Music 

Presentation of the Memorial on behalf of the Grant Memorial Com- 
mission .... . Hon. John W. Weeks, 

Secretary of War, Member of the Commission 

Acceptance of Memorial on behalf of the Government and people of the 
United States (principal address) by . Hon. Calvin Coolidge, 
Vice President of the United States 

Music 
Tribute to General Grant (poem by) . Hon. Wendell Phillips Stafford, 

Associate Justice, District Supreme Court 

Formal Dedication of the Memorial by John J. Pershing, General of 
the Armies of the United States, and Hon. Edwin Denby, 
Secretary of the Navy, and Gen. Julian S. Carr, Commander- 
in-Chief of the United Confederate Veterans 

Formal Dedication of the Memorial by The Grand Army of the 
Republic (Ritual): 

Gen. Lewis S. Pilcher, Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, assisted by Past Commanders-in-Chief Washmgton 
Gardner, James Tanner, John R. King. D.M. Hail, Past Chaplain- 
in-Chief Samuel Fallows, Maj. Gen. John L. Clem, Rear Admiral 
F.J. Drake, and Judge Smith Hickenlooper, Recording Secretary 
and Treasurer of the Army of the Tennessee 

Music 
Tribute to the Sculptor, Henry Merwin Shrady, and Presentation of 
the Architect, Edward Pearce Casey, by Past Senior Vice Com- 
mander-in-Chief Col. John McElroy 

Closing Remarks by The Presiding Officer 

Benediction by ... . The Hon. and Rev. Washington Gardner 
Past Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic 

Taps 
GUARD OF HONOR 
Company of Cadets from United States Military Academy 
Company of Midshipmen from the United States Naval Academy 
Music by U. S. Army Band, U. S. Navy Band, U. S. Marine Band 




THE CAVALRY GROUP (NORTH OF CENTER) 

View Looking East 

GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT 



ULYSSES S. GRANT was born April 27, 1822, at Point Pleasant, Ohio, 
of Scottish ancestry, the eldest child of Jesse R. Grant and his wife, 
Hannah Simpson. His boyhood days were spent assisting his father 
on the farm in the summer and attending the village school during the 
winter. He received his appointment as cadet in the United States Military 
Academy in 1839, being then 17 years of age. He graduated from the 
Academy in 1843, and was assigned as second lieutenant to the Fourth 
Regiment of Infantry, stationed at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis. There 
he met Miss Julia Dent, whom he won from many an ardent admirer, and 
who became his devoted lifelong companion. 

Pending troubles with Mexico took the Fourth Regiment to Texas in 1844, 
and at the initial battle of the Mexican War in 1846 at Palo Alto Grant fought 
under General Taylor. Subsequently the regiment in which Lieutenant 
Grant was serving was assigned to Scott's forces against the City of Mexico, 
and he witnessed the surrender of that city. Grant fought in every battle 
of the Mexican War save one, and was several times commended for gallant 
and meritorious service, and brevetted captain. The experiences of Grant in 
the Mexican War were to be of great help to him in his later career. 
Fifty of the officers that he knew became generals during the Civil War 

On his return from Mexico, Captain Grant was stationed at Detroit 
In August, 1848, he married Miss Dent, and spent several years at the 
Army post there. He resigned his commission in 1854 and took up farming 
near St. Louis. In 1859 he entered business in St. Louis, but being dissatis- 
hed he decided to join his father in the leather business in Galena 111 

On April 18, 1861, Grant was called upon to preside at a meeting for the 
purpose of organizing a military company, of which he became captain and 
accompanied it to Springfield, 111. At the same time he wrote to the War 
Dg,artment offering his services until the close of the war, but he found it 
difficult to get back into active service, and had about decided to return to 



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THE ARTILLERY GROUP (South of Center) 
View Looking East 



Galena, when Governor Yates ordered him to drill a disobedient company of 
volunteers, for which he was made colonel. When President Lincoln heard 
of it. Grant was given the commission of brigadier general, effective May 17, 
1861, even prior to the time he had come to Springfield. 

Grant now entered upon his glorious army career. In November, 1861, 
he fought the Battle of Belmont; in February, 1862, he captured Fort Henry 
and ten days later Fort Donaldson. In April, General Grant fought a two 
days battle at Shiloh, amongst the severest of the Civil War. On July 4, 1863, 
he took Vicksburg, and opened the Mississippi from its source to its mouth. 
In March, 1864, he was placed in command of all the armies of the United 
States, with the rank of Lieutenant General. Grant now determined upon a 
campaign against Richmond, fought a series of severe battles at the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania Courthouse, Cold Harbor, around Richmond, and finally on 
April 9, 1865, received the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox Court- 
house. Thereupon Grant went to Washington and bid his army farewell in 
a Grand Review. General Lee received most generous terms, characteristic of 
General Grant's kindly spirit. He was naturally gentle, quiet, and reserved, 
and had a purity of character which inspired his Army. Quickness of per- 
ception, marvelous self-control, prudence, self-poise, power of decision and 
indomitable determination characterized him. 

In 1866 Grant was advanced to the grade of full General. In 1868 he was 
elected President, and reelected in 1872. The adoption of the Fifteenth 
Amendment and peaceful settlement of the Alabama Claims were among 
the most important events of his administration. After retiring from the 
Presidency, General Grant spent two years in foreign travel, receiving unusual 
attentions from the rulers of the countries he visited. 

In 1884 General Grant became stricken with a fatal illness in his throat, 
in the course of which he nevertheless wrote his "Personal Memoirs," com- 
pleting his literary labors only four days before his death at Mount McGregor, 
New York, July 23, 1885. His remains were taken to New York City, where 
they were placed to rest in the tomb erected to his memory in Riverside Park, 
overlooking the Hudson. 




PERSPECTIVE OF PROPOSED UNION SQUARE WEST OF THE CAPITOL GROUNDS 

AND HEAD OF THE MALL DEVELOPMENT. ACCORDING TO THE PLAN OF 

1901, WITH THE GRANT MEMORIAL AS THE CENTRAL MOTIF 

COMMITTEE FOR THE RECEPTION OF GUESTS 
AT THE EXERCISES 

FREDERICK D. OWEN, Chairman 
CHARLES LEE COOK, Aide 



Franklin Adams 
Paul Brockett 
Wm. V. Cox 

W. F. DiSMER 

Selden Marvin Ely 



A. A. Fenderson 
F. W. Graham 
Samuel Herrick 
Dr. Edward A, Hill 
John J. Johnson 



Lt. Comdr. Lewis'P. Clephane, 
Maj. John J. Carmody, U. S. A 
Rev. Wm. Taylor Snyder 



J.Jerome Lightfoot 
Capt. O. C. Luxford 
Earl G. Marsh 
Henry W. Samson 
Dr. Wm. D. Wirt 
U. S. N. 



Detail of officers of the Washington High School Cadets, 
Col. Wallace M. Cragie, Commanding, as ushers. 

A detail of U. S. Marines from the Washington Barracks 
assisting as ushers. 

For Guards, a detail of soldiers from Fort Washington. 
U. S. Sailors assisting in the decorations from the Wash- 
ington Navy Yard and Boiling Field. 

Designs and details for the unveiling scheme and the general dec- 
orations by Frederick D. Owen. Engineer, of the Office of Public 
Buildings and Grounds. 

A donation of one hundred Carrier Pigeons for the anniversary occa- 
sion, and released at the moment of the unveiling by W F Dismer 
Secretary of the Washington Racing Association. ' 

Flags in Display at the Exercises: 
U. S. Flag for every State in the Union 
A replica of the flag flown at General Grant's Headquarters 
Post flag having thirty-six stars, a replica of those used dur^ 

ing period of the Civil War. 
A flag of the Secretary of War. 
A flag of the Secretary of the Navy. 
Many historical flags used in the Civil War 
Flags of the U. S. Military Academy 
Flags of the U. S. Naval Academy 



OOVEfNMENTrPINlJNO OFFirE 



Photographs by U. S. Signal Corps 



Address of Col. CO. Sherrill 

Mr. Vice-President, Mr. Chairman, Veterans of the Civil War, Ladies and 
Gentlemen: 

Twenty years ago Congress authorized the construction of this me- 
morial in memory of one of the world's great military leaders. A man 
who won the admiration and respect of friends and foes alike in the great- 
est Civil War in history. 

After much controversy as to location, this site on the axis of the 
Mall, in what will ultimately be Union Square, was chosen as the most 
worthy for this great undertaking. Henry Merwin Shrady has with 
years of labor and infinite pains here produced one of the great monu- 
ments of the world. As an adornment to the city of Washington, this 
memorial ranks with the greatest works of the sculptor's art, and will 
forever adorn the imposing approach to the Capitol that will result from 
the completion of the MaU and Union Square in accordance with the 
plan of George Washington and L 'Enfant. 

The Grant Memorial Commission created to carfry out the intent of 
Congress in the construction of this memorial had for its initial member- 
ship Honorable Grenville Dodge, as chairman; the Secretary of War, 
Elihu Root, and the Chairman of the Joint Committee on the Library, 
Senator Wetmore, as members. 

Since the date of authorization of this memorial there have been a 
number of changes in the membership of this commission, which has in- 
cluded such distinguished names as William H. Taft, Luke Wright, 
Henry L. Stimson, Lindley Garrison, Senators Wetmore, Luke Lea, John 
Sharpe Williams and James L. Sladen. The present members are Bishop 
Fallows, the Secretary of War and Senator Brandegee. The undertak- 
ing has had the benefit of Bishop Fallows 's guiding hand from January, 
1916, up to the present time. Bishop Fallows served for almost four 
years in the Civil War in all grades from captain to colonel of infantry 
and was brevetted a brigadier general in 1865 for " meritorious services." 
This beloved veteran and spiritual leader is with us today, as chairman 
and presiding officer of this dedicatory service. In behalf of those who 
have served with him in the execution of this great memorial, I desire to 
take this opportunity to extend a sincere tribute of affection for this 
most noble example of military leader, distinguished citizen and Chris- 
tian gentleman. 

The unveiling is described by another writer as follows: 

The unveiling, which immediately followed Colonel Sherrill 's re- 
marks, was awaited in breathless expectancy. As the granddaughter, 

7 



Address of Hon. John W. Weeks, Secretary 

of War 

At the unveiling of the Grant Memorial at Washington, Secretary- 
Weeks made an address of quite imusual merit. He said: 

" In 1901 Congress created a commission, composed of the President of 
the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, the chairman of the Committee 
on the Library of the United States Senate, and the Secretary of War, for 
the purpose of erecting in this city a suitable memorial to General Ulysses 
S. Grant, and I now have the honor and great plibasure, on behalf of the 
Grant Memorial Commission, to present to the people of the United 
States the result of the commission 's action — this imposing and in- 
spiring memorial. 

"Immediately following its creation, the commission invited sculp- 
tors to submit designs. In response to this invitation, twenty- three of 
the leading sculptors of the United States submitted twenty-seven de- 
signs. The design submitted by Mr. Henry M. Shrady, sculptor, and 
Mr. Edward P. Casey, architect, was accepted by the commission and 
a contract was entered into for the construction of the memorial. 

"The recent passing of Mr. Shrady is a matter of sincere regret, for 
this statue represents his life work, and it would have been a source of 
personal gratification if he could have witnessed the dedication of the 
work of his own hands and seen the interest and admiration which its 
beauty inspires in the minds of all who view it. 

"The selection of a site for the memorial caused much controversy, 
but Congress decided finally that the statue should be erected at the 
east end of the Botanical Gardens, and the foundation for the monument 
was begun in 1907. While it may seem that there has been much delay 
in its completion, I think the work was advanced as rapidly as practicable. 
When we consider the elaborateness of the cavalry and artillery groups 
and the exceptional beauty of the monument itself, the time consumed 
does not appear excessive. It is not only a work of great architectural 
beauty, but it is of mammoth proportions, being the largest memorial 
of the kind in the United States and, perhaps, second only to the largest 
in the world. 



10 

Grant's Military Career 

"It is not my function to discuss in detail the career of General 
Grant. I cannot forego the opportunity, however, of referring somewhat 
briefly to his military service. He not only brought the Civil War to a 
successful conclusion, but at one time was temporarily the head of the 
War Department, and he was one of the distinguished Presidents of the 
United States. 

"There are few among the many conspicuous men of our history 
whose careers present so many contradictions. Usually the men who 
have won great renown in the military, naval, or civil life of our country 
displayed in their youth characteristics and ability which presaged the 
ultimate glory which came to them. This was not true of General Grant. 
Like millions of other boys, he was born and reared in a rural community. 
In his youth he did not show any characteristics indicative of the great 
qualities he was later to so completely demonstrate. Grant was the 
average boy. He did not even secure his appointment to West Point 
as a result of competitive examination, but through his father and the 
Congressman from his district, with whom he was personally acquainted. 
Wliile there is evidence of his having attracted some attention at West 
Point, few would have predicted for him an unusual military career. His 
standing was good — above the average — but not conspicuous in any 
direction other than his skill as a horseman. 

"General Grant's service in the army after graduation was of the 
average quality and tjrpe, and his service in the Mexican War, while 
honorable and commendable, did not show any indication of the great 
future awaiting him. After leaving the army he did not show unusual 
ability during his civil career, and at the beginning of the Civil War we 
find him, at the age of forty, without any accomplishment to his credit 
which would warrant his receiving any special consideration in the prep- 
arations for that war or for appointment to an important position in 
its conduct. He did not have influential political support, but what he 
attained was due to his own efforts, and frequently in spite of violent 
criticism and antagonism of many in and out of the military service. 

Antagonized from the Start 
"The war was many months old before he received a command 
which gave him an opportunity to display his genius. Why he was given 
this opportunity was never definitely expressed by himself or any of his 
biographers, but during the Forts Henry-Donelson campaign we find 
him in command and having among his subordinate officers several 



11 

and conspicuously Charles F. Smith — who would naturally have been 
selected for the position which he held. Incidentally, the spirit displayed 
by General Smith at this time illustrates one of the very best character- 
istics of the trained military man. He had been a commandant of cadets 
at West Point when Grant was a cadet there, a conspicuous position, and 
one he had filled so admirably that he had won the admiration of every 
officer in the army. He was an older man, of course, and yet he served in 
a subordinate place under one of his own students without the slightest 
indication of resentment or feeling of any kind because he was not in 
command. 

"The main feature of Grant's early campaigns — and this was true 
of his entire military career — is worth emphasizing and quite likely was 
the cause of his success. He would fight. His object was to attack con- 
tinually and injure the enemy's personnel — not to engage in strategic 
opwations the success of which were doubtful and which might have 
been necessary to have repeated over and over again in order to bring 
the war to a conclusion. 

"His next active operation, the battle of Shiloh, indicated the same 
quality. One of the principal reasons for the failure of the commanders 
of the Northern armies in the earlier days of the war, as I read the history 
of the Civil War, was their failure to use at any time their available 
forces. They frequently attacked with a comparatively small part of 
their men, so that usually, while the enemy was less in total numbers, it 
almost invariably had more men on the fighting line than its Northern 
opponent. That is peculiarly true of the earlier battles fought by the 
Army of the Potomac. Grant never made this mistake. He used every 
available man; and while his force was frequently handled unwisely by 
subordinates and great losses resulted. Grant compelled the enemy to 
make similar sacrifices and he usually gained his objective, the losses of 
the enemy nearly always being greater proportionately than his own. 

The Vicksburg Campaign 

"His campaign at Vicksburg will stand for all time, as will Chat- 
tanooga, as an example of most brilliant strategy and the limit of boldness 
in execution. This is peculiarly true of Vicksburg. When Grant took 
command at Chattanooga the army was in about as unpromising a po- 
sition as could be imagined, and yet both campaigns were entirely suc- 
cessful. In both campaigns he acted against the advice of his most 
trusted lieutenants and displayed a confidence in himself which never 
failed, no matter how great the danger of defeat. 



12 

In Command of All the Armies 

"Having been so successful in so many campaigns, he naturally was 
given command of all the armies, and thereafter he did with the entire 
military forces of the country what he had done with the immediate 
armies under his command — that is, operated them as a unit. Up to 
this time the Southern generals had been able, having the advantage of 
shorter lines of communication, to transport troops from one section to 
another as emergencies arose, but Grant's plan was to keep them all 
engaged, and it resulted successfully. Of course, he had trained and 
tried men in immediate command. There was no question about the 
skill of Sherman, Thomas, or many others whose names will readily recur 
to students of Civil War history, and Sheridan very early demonstrated 
in the last year of the war that he was one of the greatest military gen- 
iuses, especially as a commander of troops in battle, the world has ever 
seen. The tactics of Grant prevented the Southern armies reenf orcing 
one another, and as a result the war was brought to a successful con- 
clusion in eleven months after he was placed in command of all the armies. 

"In this same square, ground was recently broken for the monument 
to be erected to General Meade. I make this reference because General 
Grant made his field headquarters with the Army of the Potomac, which 
General Meade commanded until the end of the war. This was not be- 
cause of any doubt of Meade's loyalty or skill, but because Grant recog- 
nized the ability of Meade's antagonist and the necessity to destroy 
General Lee 's army if it could be done. The military relationship which 
this involved created such a condition that harmony could not have been 
expected to continue in most cases. General Meade was hardly a patient 
man and he had the reputation of being an irascible one. Conflict was 
almost inevitable, because at times it was necessary for Grant to give 
orders directly to the forces commanded by another, and it is a great 
tribute to these two men that the ordinarily impossible positions in which 
they were placed never developed any public friction or interfered with 
the results both desired. If General Meade, as he probably did at times, 
felt that he was not properly consulted or did not receive proper instruc- 
tions, he never gave public expression to that effect, and the war ended, 
as the campaign of 1864 commenced, with those two men in the same 
relative position, operating together harmoniously and successfully. 

Genius of Common Sense 
" General Grant had the genius of common sense, and that was his 
chief reliance. Indeed, he was, perhaps, the most self-reUant commander 



13 

of armies the world has seen. After perfecting his plans, he carried them 
to a successful conclusion with a persistence which was one of his strong- 
est characteristics, though frequently done against the advice and judg- 
ment of those whom he considered his best friends and advisers. He 
had both physical and moral courage. He did not despair under the 
most adverse conditions, but they seemed rather to stimulate him to 
renewed effort. As at ShUoh, when, after the first day, most command- 
ers would have retreated, he prepared to fight the next day and finally 
won a lost battle. Duty was his watchword. He never sought pro- 
motion, and every promotion which came to him was earned by his accom- 
plishments. 

"No general officer in the history of our country received greater 
or more varied criticism, or even abuse, but General Grant seldom re- 
plied to his critics. He apparently had confidence that duty well per- 
formed would offset and eventually do justice to his personal qualities 
and justify his military acts. 

A Real Man 
"Kipling, in his poem 'If,' describes the attributes of a real man. 
Let me read the first few fines of that poem: 

"'If you can keep your head when all about you 
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you : 
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you. 
But make allowance for their doubting, too; 
If you can wait and not be tired of waiting. 
Or being lied about don't deal in lies; 
Or being hated don't give way to hating. 
And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise.' 

"Could one better describe the character of General Grant or the 
conditions surrounding the career of the commander of the Northern 
armies? Indeed, the great General could have been the inspiration for 
such a poem. 

"The world has long since said of General Grant what Milton said 
of Oliver Cromwell — 'His deeds shall avouch him for a great states- 
man, a great soldier, a true lover of his country, a merciful and generous 
conqueror.' 

" Comparisons are odious, but all military men now agree that Gen- 
eral Grant's career was no accident; that he brought confidence to every 
situation in which he was placed; that he was a tactician of high order 



14 

and developed before the end of the war a masterful knowledge of grand 
tactics; and, being a successful commander in a great war, he is entitled 
to first place among those who served with the armies he commanded. 
Success was his, and as long as the Republic lasts he will have the admira- 
tion and gratitude of the American people. 

"General Grant's prayer, 'Let us have peace,' stirred the dismem- 
bered Union to a marked degree and gave hope to a gallant people who 
had fought for and lost a cause. I wish the world today might fervently 
voice that prayer and by its deeds end all strife between nations and save 
future generations from the horrors of war. I rejoice that our own coun- 
try has dared to lead in the paths of peace, and I believe it will continue 
to do every righteous thing to promote peace on earth and good will 
among men." 



Address of Vice-President Coolidge 

Grant's Towering Greatness 

"The world has always worshiped power. As in their humblest 
beginnings mankind stood in wonder before the forces of nature, so now 
in their highest development they stand in reverence before the figure of 
genius. It is in response to an increasing sentiment of gratitude and 
patriotism that national action has set apart this day to observe the cen- 
tennial anniversary of the birth of a great American who was sent into 
the world endowed with a greatness easy to understand yet difficult 
to describe, the highest type of intellectual power — simplicity and 
directness — the highest type of character — fidelity and honesty. He 
will forever hold the admiration of a people in whom these qualities 
abide. By the authority of the law of the land, with the approving 
loyalty of all his fellow countrymen, in the shadow of the dome of the 
Capitol which his work proved and glorified, fittingly flanked on either 
side by a group of soldiers in action, looking out toward the monuments 
of Washington and Lincoln, this statue rises to the memory of General 
Ulysses Simpson Grant. It is here because a great people responded 
to a great man. 

Solid Ancestry Behind Him 

"Such greatness did not spring into being in a generation. There 
lay behind it a large sweep of ancestry representing the blood of those 
who had set the standard of civilization and borne its burdens for a 
thousand years. Into his boyhood there came little which was uncom- 
mon. He had the ordinary experiences of the son of an average home 
maintained by a moderately prosperous business. 

"He went to West Point not so much with the purpose of becoming 
a soldier as from a desire to secure an education. As a student he is 
worthy alike of the careful consideration of the young men of the present 
day and of those who are intrusted with their training. 

"After his graduation he remained in the army for eleven years, 
rising to the rank of captain. He served through the Mexican War. 

"The great crisis found him in Illinois employed in his father's 
leather business. 'Whatever may have been my political opinions 
before,' he declared, 'I have but one sentiment now. That is, we have a 

15 



16 

government and laws and a flag and they must all be sustained.' - • • 
Within four years he was to be recognized as the greatest soldier in the 
world. 

" March, 1864, he was called to the White House and made lieu- 
tenant general of the armies of the United States. He took command 
of the Army of the Potomac. . . . 

No Taste for Politics 

"He had little taste for political maneuvers. He found his eight 
years as president fall on a time of confusion, both of thought and action. 
He worked as best he could with the contending elements which made 
up the Congress. 'I shall have a policy to recommend,' he said, 'but 
none to enforce against the will of the people.' He secured a settlement 
with Great Britain for the Alabama claims and an apology from Spain 
for the Virginius affair. Although he broke with a well-meaning reform 
element of his party which supported Horace Greeley, he was trium- 
phantly reelected. One of the important contributions which he made 
to the public service was his veto of the bill which provided for the infla- 
tion of the currency by issuing $400,000,000 in greenbacks. At a time 
when the political ideals of the country were very low. President Grant 
held to his own high standard of honorable public service. Through the 
contested-election case of Hayes and Tilden in 1876, he took a course 
marked by a high spirit of patriotism. 'No man worthy of the office of 
President,' he said, 'should be willing to hold it if counted in or placed 
there by fraud. Either party can afford to be disappointed in the result. 
The country cannot afford to have the result tainted by the suspicion of 
illegal or false returns.' When the man who knew how to command 
armies took this position for the enforcement of the law the country stood 
behind him and peacefully accepted the decision of the electoral com- 
mission. 

A Great Tragedy 

"His closing years were marked with great tragedy. Betrayed by 
one whom he trusted, he saw his property dissipated and large obliga- 
tions incurred. A lingering and fatal malady added anguish of the body 
to the anguish of his soul. 

"Never was he greater than in these last days. With high courage, 
without complaint, on a bed of pain, seeking to retrieve his losses, he was 
preparing his memoirs. Congress hastened to restore him to the rank 
and salary of a retired general of the army. At last his writings were 



17 

finished. He was still thinking of his country, not as a partisan but as 
a patriot; not even as the general of the armies he had led, but as an 
American. 'I have witnessed since my illness,' he wrote, 'just what I 
have wished to see since the war — harmony and good will between the 
sections.' While he was thus longing for the peace of his fellow country- 
men the great and final peace was bestowed upon him. 

"Great as he had been, his armies had been greater still. He had 
been served by officers of commanding ability. He never appeared to 
maintain for them anything but the most kindly feeling. The greater 
their ability, the greater was their attachment to him. But the rank 
and file were more wonderful still. In intelligence, in bravery, in pa- 
triotism, and during the latter years of the war, in military capacity, no 
armies had ever surpassed those who fought the battles of the war be- 
tween the states. Their ranks are thin now, but their spirit is undimin- 
ished. At an age when others would have quit the field, they remain 
still holding positions of commanding authority in the service of their 
countrymen, the soldiers of Lincoln and of Grant. As they supported 
him in the field their bronze forms support him here. 

Made by His Adversaries 

"Men are made in no small degree by their adversaries. Grant 
had great adversaries. They fought with a dash and a tenacity, with a 
gallantry and an endm-ing purpose which the world has known in Ameri- 
cans alone. At their head rode General Robert E. Lee, marked with a 
purity of soul and a high sense of personal honor which no true American 
would ever stoop to question. No force ever quelled their intrepid 
spirit. They gave their loyalty voluntarily, or they did not give it at 
all. It is not so much the greatness of Grant as a soldier, but his great- 
ness as a man; not so much his greatness in war as his greatness in peace, 
the consideration, the tenderness, the human sympathy which he showed 
toward them from the day of their submission, refusing the surrender of 
Lee's sword, leaving the men of the Southern army in possession of their 
own horses, which appealed to that sentiment of reconciliation which 
has long since been complete. It was not a humiliation, but an honor 
to remain under the sovereignty of a flag which was borne by such a 
commander. 

"It was Lincoln who said of Grant: 'I cannot spare this man. He 
fights.' It was Grant himself who said: 'Let us have peace.' 



18 



'Let Us Have Peace" 



"Our country and the world may well consider the simplicity and 
directness which marked the greatness of General Grant. In war his 
object was the destruction of the opposing army. He knew that task 
was difficult. He knew that the price would be high; yet amid abuse 
and criticism, amid misunderstanding and jealousy, he did not alter 
his course. He paid the price. He accomplished the result. He wasted 
no time in attempting to find some substitute for victory. He held fast 
to the same principle in time of peace. Aroxmd him was the destruction 
which the war had wrought. 

"The economic condition of the country was depressed by a great 
financial panic. He refused to seek refuge in any fictions. He knew 
that sound values and a sound economic condition could not be created 
by law alone, but only through the long and toilsome application of hu- 
man effort put forth under wise law. He knew that his coimtry could 
not legislate out its destiny, but must work out its destiny. He laid the 
foundation of national welfare, on which the nation has stood unshaken 
in every time of storm and stress. His policy was simple and direct, and 
eternally true. 

"In the important decisions of his life his fidelity and honesty are 
equally apparent. He was a soldier of his country. His every action 
was inspired by loyalty. ' Whatever may be the orders of my superiors 
and the law,' he wrote, 'I will execute. No man can be efficient as a 
commander who sets his own notions above the law and those whom he 
has sworn to obey.' When the conffict between President Johnson and 
the Congress became so acute that it threatened to result in force of arms, 
being asked which side he would take, he replied: 'That will depend en- 
tirely upon which is the revolutionary party.' He never betrayed a 
trust and he never deserted a friend. He considered that the true test 
of a friend was to stand by him when he was in need. When financial 
misfortunes overtook him, he discharged his obligations from whatever 
property he and his family could raise. 

Lived the Geeat Realities 

"Here was a man who lived the great realities of life. As Lincoln 
coxild put truth into words, so Grant could put truth into action. How 
truly he stands out as the great captain of a republic. There was no 
artifice about him, no pretense, and no sham. Through and through he 
was genuine. He represented power. 



19 

"A gratefiil Republic has raised this monument not as a symbol 
of war, but as a symbol of peace. Not the false security which may 
come from temporizing, from compromise, or from evasion, but that true 
and enduring tranquility which is the result of a victorious righteousness. 
The issues of the world must be met, and met squarely. The forces of 
evil do not disdain preparation; they are always prepared and always 
preparing. General Grant gave fifteen years of his life to the military 
service of his country that he might be prepared to respond to a great 
crisis. The welfare of America, the cause of civilization will forever re- 
quire the contribution of some part of the life of all our citizens to the 
natural, the necessary, and the inevitable demand for the defense of the 
right and the truth. There is no substitute for a militant freedom. The 
only alternative is submission and slavery. 

"The generations shall pass in review before this symbol of a man 
who gave his service, who made his sacrifice, who endiured his suffering 
for the welfare of humanity. They shall know his good works. They 
shall look to him with admiration and reverence. They shall be trans- 
formed into a like spirit. What he gave, America shall give." 



Poem by Judge Stafford 

Tribute to General Grant was paid by Justice Wendell Phillips StafPord of the Dis- 
trict Supreme Court in the following poem, which he read at the dedication: 

GRANT 

The Monument, Washington, D. C., April 27, 1922 
By Wendell Phillips Stafford 

While left and right the billows charge and split, 
Here, on the stallion champing at his bit. 
You see the master of the tempest sit. 

This is the man who spoke without a tongue 

And by the silent metal should be sung. 

Out of the brass and stone his praise is wrung. 

His words were few because his thoughts were great. 
His deed blew its own trumpet, and his state 
Went not before, but followed like a fate. 

On this plain man two gifts the gods bestowed; 
He weighed the pack before he took the load; 
And where he marched it was a one-way road. 

When guns grow mute the strife of tongues may cease, 
And the same hand that boimd should bring release. 
Hark! 'tis a soldier says, Let us have peace. 



20 



Address of Gen. Julian S. Carr 
Unveiling Grant Memorial 

Washington, D.C., April 27, 1922 
Mr. Chairman, General (Bishop) Samuel Fallows, Mr. Vice-President, 
Honorable Secretaries of War and the Navy, General Pershing, Colonel 
Pilcher, my dear Comrade and Commander of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Princess Cantacuzene, and other distinguished personages: 

When Agamemnon was commanded by the Queen of Carthage to 
relate the tragic scenes of the Fall of Troy, that splendid old warrior re- 
plied: "Who, Oh Queen! of the Myrmidons or even the stern Ulysses 
himself could deliver such a recital without the shedding of tears?" 

Who, Mr. Chairman, of the participants in the tragic scenes that be- 
tween 1861-1865 rocked this Republic like a cradle, could come to the 
ceremony of unveiling of this splendid memorial dedicated to the illus- 
trious victor, whose masterful hand won the conflict and restored the 
Union, the Great Ulysses S. Grant, without being overcome with master- 
ful emotion? 

It is a privilege and one that I thoroughly appreciate to be invited 
to take part ia these ceremonies as Commander-in-Chief of the Confeder- 
ate Veteran Organization. If there was ever a day born when it could 
be said, "Let the dead bury the dead and the past with all its bitterness 
and misunderstandings be blotted from the Book of Remembrance," 
that day is today. 

On this occasion we may with great truth appropriate a paragraph 
from Mr. Lincoln's Inaugural Address: 

"The mystic chords of memory stretching from every battlefield 
and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this 
broad land will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, 
as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature." 

And Mr. Winthrop of Boston said: "There are no points of the 
compass on the chart of true patriotism my creed has been and is 

"Whether on the scaffold high 
Or in the battle van, 
The noblest place where man can die 
Is where man dies for man." 
21 



I have been invited here to speak the sentiments of the Confed- 
erate soldier toward the nation's greatest soldier. 

"I come from the land of the long leaf pine. 
The summer land where the sun doth shine, 
Where the weak grow strong and the strong grow great, 
I come from North Carolina, the old Tar Heel State." 

The state, perhaps you will be interested in knowing, during the Civil 
War lost in killed, wounded and dying in camp and in prison, double as 
many soldiers as any other Southern state with 5,000 to spare. I am 
proud to give acclaim here to our love and admiration for the great sol- 
dier, whose name and fame girdles the world and rightly so, and in whose 
honor we are gathered here today. 

So far as I am conversant with history, no victorious general ever 
made more liberal terms and acted more graciously toward a fallen foe 
than did General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, and as I stand here 
in the shadow of this splendid memorial erected by the people of a grate- 
ful nation, I wish it understood that from no section of this Republic 
comes more geniiine admiration than from the section which a little 
more than a half century ago embraced what then was known as the 
Confederate States^ and from no set of men North or South, East or 
West comes more loyal admiration than the Confederate Soldier, because 
General Grant proved a friend indeed when the Confederate Soldier 
needed a friend, and be it known that his magnanimity at Appomattox 
will live in song and story until the stars burn out in their sockets. 

Nor is his magnanimity all that we love and admire the splendid 
character of this great soldier for, but at the psychological moment. 
Grant, the great soldier, said, "Let us have Peace, and beat our swords 
into ploughshares and our spears into priming-hooks and let there be 
no more war." 

Not since the shepherds on the Judean hills where they kept watch 
over their flock by night listened to the angels sing, "Peace on earth and 
good will to men" was there ever a message delivered that meant more 
to humanity. 

Nor can we fail to remember and appreciate the fact that when 
threats were made to arrest General Lee and bring him to trial. Grant 
the great soldier, declared that his parole issued at Appomattox should 
be respected at all cost and hazard, and that Lee should not be dis- 
turbed. Then the bloodthirsty sat up and took notice and Lee was not 
disturbed. 



23 

It is therefore entirely meet and proper that at the close of the 
Lenten holidays we should assemble here to bestow honor to the memory 
of the hero, soldier, and statesman, the great and victorious Ulysses S. 
Grant. And though the vermin of the valley may eat his bones and the 
chemistry of the grave suck his cheeks, his great and honored name will 
sound and reverberate down the corridor of time as one of earth 's great- 
est and best-beloved of all the children of men. 

"There is no death, the stars go down 
To rise upon some fairer shore. 
And bright in Heaven's jeweled crown, 
They shine forever more." 

Only a Confederate Soldier who was at Appomattox can pay a real 
tribute to the hero of Appomattox. As a Confederate Soldier who fol- 
lowed the Christian soldier, the peerless Lee to Appomattox, and in the 
name of the Confederate Soldier, I ask the privilege of placing this em- 
blem, this silken flag, a token of liberty, justice, the union, the consti- 
tution and the enforcement of the laws — and wherever in all the world 
its beautiful folds kiss the breezes of Heaven, men instinctively lift their 
hats, or should, and thank God for Old Glory — the emblem of the Land 
of the Free and the Home of the Brave — upon the bier of this great and 
victorious leader as a token of the Confederate Soldier's esteem and 
respect and love because of his magnanimity in the hour of his great 
triumph. 

Here in this distinguished presence, for the Confederate Soldier and 
in his name, I pledge our lives, our honor and our all to preserve in- 
destructibly the glorious Union which Ulysses S. Grant won now and 
forever, one flag and one country. 

"No more shall the war cry sever, 
Or the winding sheet be red, 
They banish oiu* anger forever 
When they laurel the grave of the dead. 
Under the sod and the dew. 
Waiting the Judgment Day, 
Love and tears for the Blue, 
Tears and love for the Gray." 

An exceedingly happy incident of the exercises was when at the con- 
clusion of General Carr's eloquent and patriotic address, which had 
warmed the heart of everybody present. Colonel Burrows of his staff 



24 

arose and gave the old time "Rebel Yell" the entire audience rose as 
one man in enthusiastic response. 

Tribute to Sculptor Shrady 

A tribute to the sculptor of the memorial, Henry Merwin Shrady, 
and the presentation of the architect, Edward Pearce Casey, was made 
by Past Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief John McElroy. 




HENRY AIERWIN SHRADV 
Sculptor 




EDWARD PEARCE CASEY 
Areliitect 



Dedicatory Address of Bishop Fallows 

General Fallows, in presiding over the vast audience as President of 
the Society of the Army of the Tennessee and member of the commission, 
was superb. Though just out of bed after a desperate illness incurred 
"in line of duty" in preparing for a function which had taken nearly 
twenty years of arduous labor to arrange for, he was superb in his im- 
passioned eloquence. In closing he raised aloft a branch of pine and a 
bit of the broad-leafed palmetto as emblematic of the peace which he 
beUeved was enduringly cemented in the greatest memorial ever dedi- 
cated to a military man. With friend and former foes sitting side by 
side in friendly content. General Fallows declared the Apotheosis of 
Peace between the Northern Pine and the Southern Palmetto had been 
reached. General Fallows said in part: 

"On the 30th day of May, our Memorial Day, 1895, a beautiful 
monument was dedicated in Oak Wood Cemetery, Chicago, to the mem- 
ory of 6,000 Confederate dead prisoners, which was erected mainly by 
the contributions of soldiers of the Grand Army of the Republic and by 
the citizens of Chicago. There were present nearly all the leading Gen- 
erals of the Southern Confederacy, who made patriotic addresses on the 
occasion. Among them was Major Henry T. Stanton, the poet of Ken- 
tucky, who had valiantly fought four years under the Confederate flag. 
I give two or three excerpts from the beautiful poem he gave on that 
occasion, entitled 'The Pm-itan and Cavalier.' It could be repeated as 
a whole as thoroughly pertinent to our gathering here this afternoon: 

"Where bright Potomac, in the sun 

A plate of silver lies, 
Our marble shaft to Washington 

Goes out to pierce the skies, 
An obelisk that stands and waits. 

New centuries of sun 
Compiled of stones from sovereign States 

He molded into one. 

"With fast-subsiding passion here 
From internecine strife, 
The Puritan and Cavalier 
Are lost in newer life; 
25 



Our days of perfect peace are on, 

Our compact made anew. 
And every shade of Gray has gone 

To mingle with the Blue. 

"No more reproach, the end has come, 

The argument is o'er, 
In North and South the calling drum 

Shall be for us no more — 
The banner of St. Andrew's cross 

In silent dust is lain, 
And what has been a section's loss 

Shall prove a Nation's gain. 

"And martial lines shall never stand 

With gleaming sword and gun. 
Until, in service of our land, 

We march to fight as one. 
Not Puritan nor Cavalier 

A home grown strife shall see 
With all of bitterness forgot. 

With all of taunting done, 
Columbia is Freedom's spot 

Her sovereign States are one.' 

"And we can join in the sentiment that came at that dedication 
from a Southern woman's lips and loving, loyal heart: 

"'Together, cry the people, and together still shall be. 
An everlasting charter-bond, forever for the free. 
Of liberty, the signet-seal, the one eternal sign. 
Be these united emblems, the Palmetto and the Pine.'" 

Then, rising to his full stature, his thin form vibrant with renewed 
life, his fine old face lighted with patriotic fervor, and his voice ringing 
with the fiires of his long-ago youth, he dedicated the memorial as one 
might dedicate a sanctuary to the Almighty God. 

"And now," he said, "I declare this noble monument to be duly 
dedicated to the memory of the gallant and magnanimous soldier, one 
of the greatest military commanders of the centuries, whose fervently 
expressed desire in life and death was, 'Let us have Peace,' General 



27 

Ulysses S. Grant, afterwards the illustrious President of the United 
States, who made our America the true synonym of 

Liberty enlightening the world, 
Liberty energizing the world. 
Liberty enfranchising the world, 

and thus made her a Crown of Glory in the hand of the Lord, and a Royal 
Diadem in the hand of our God, whose divine benediction will be invoked 
in the closing exercises of this memorable occasion by the Rev. and Hon. 
Washington Gardner, Past Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of 
the Republic and the present Commissioner of Pensions for the United 
States." 

After closing remarks by the presiding officer, benediction was pro- 
nounced by Rev. Washington Gardner. But it remained for a bugler of 
'61 to render the last touching tribute to the honored chieftain. Charles 
O. Brown, of the Army of the Tennessee, sounded the shrill, plaintive 
notes of "taps," holding the vast assemblage enthralled with its strength 
and piuity of tone until the last note died away in the stillness. 

At the conclusion of the exercises, the group picture of twenty-five members was taken 
at the base of the central part of the monument, and is reproduced herewith with "Key." 



General Grant's Remarkable Last Year 

Following we print an address by Mr. O. H. Oldroyd made at a 
meeting held in the National Memorial M. E. Church, the evening of 
the 27th, under the auspices of the Department of the Potomac G. A. R. 

The life of U. S. Grant was remarkable, yet his death was quite as 
much so. Someone has called his last twelve months "his greatest 
year." The expression challenges thought. Great it certainly was — 
great with misfortune and with courage; great with suffering and with 
fortitude; great with friendship; great in every moment with sym- 
pathy, love and peace. Never before in the world's history has the 
passing of a famous man been watched for so long a time, and by so many 
sympathetic hearts. The unique struggle ended on Mount McGregor, 
July 23, 1885. It began on Christmas eve, 1883, when the General 
slipped on the ice in front of his home, in New York City, sustaining 
an injury to his hip which entailed a great deal of suffering and incapaci- 
tated him for a long time. 

When this occurred the General was sixty-one years of age; strong 
physically and mentally, with an ample income. On May 6, 1884, the 
banking firm of Grant and Ward, in which his son Ulysses, Jr., was a 
partner, and in which the General had invested his money, collapsed. 
As a crowning imposition the General was induced to make a loan of one 
hundred thousand dollars from Mr. W. K. Vanderbilt, with the expec- 
tation of saving the firm which he was led to believe was only tempo- 
rarily embarrassed. This loan, together with all the General's personal 
funds, and with those of his children and many of his friends, was swept 
away by the failure. The' shock to the General was something too great 
to describe. He promptly made over to Mr. Vanderbilt all his individ- 
ual property, an action in which Mrs. Grant joined. Mr. Vanderbilt 's 
part in the transaction was most considerate, and the rare contents of 
the home were finally turned over by him to the National Museum at 
Washington, where they now remain. 

When the truth was fully known, and the General realized that he 
had been used as a decoy, and that his name and fame had been impugned 
before the eyes of his country, the blow was almost too heavy for his 
heroic spirit to bear. To this was added the fact that he was left penni- 
less in the house that was crowded with his trophies. But help was soon 

28 



29 

on the way. Four days after the failure, an unknown countryman, Mr. 
Charles Wood, of Lansingburg, N. Y., wrote to General Grant and offered 
to loan him a thousand dollars on his note for twelve months, without 
interest, with the option of renewal at the same rate. He enclosed a 
check for five hundred dollars, saying it was "On account of my share 
for services ending April, 1865." This unique offer, which the General 
accepted, was the forerunner of others prompted by the same spirit. 
Mr. Romero, the Mexican Minister, called and on going left his check 
for a thousand doQars lying unnoticed on the table. About this time 
the editors of the Century Magazine, who had previously requested him 
to write some articles on the Civil War, renewed the suggestion. 

■The occupation of his mind, and the remuneration which had now 
become of some interest, led him to make the attempt, and the Century 
for February 1885, contained his account of the Battle of Shiloh. Out 
of this article and three others grew General Grant's famous Memoirs. 
In the meantime his lameness had continued, and an alarm.ing condition 
of his throat had developed. This was soon diagnosed as cancer. To 
its alleviation the highest medical skill was devoted. With the aid of 
his former military secretary. General Badeau, and his son. Colonel 
Grant, the literary work went on. A bill was presented in Congress to 
place him on the retired list, but it dragged along very slowly. When 
the world came to understand the true inwardness of the situation, to 
realize the height of the General's honor, and the length to which he 
had gone in the effort to make restitution in the failure of which he was 
the victim, and to know of the hopeless suffering to which he was con- 
demned, sympathy came from all quarters — from the South as well as 
from the North — and from all people — the sons of General Lee and 
General Johnson, Jefferson Davis himself. General Buckner, his old 
antagonist at Fort Donaldson — all united in expressing their sympathy. 
Finally the bill for his retirement, with the rank of General, passed Con- 
gi-ess on the morning of March 4th, almost in its last moments, and Presi- 
dent Cleveland signed the Commission as the second act of his adminis- 
tration. General Grant was again in the army of which he had so long 
been a leader, and its helpful effect on him was something remarkable. 
Meanwhile, the good will continued to be shown while the whole world 
watched his sick room. Touched by the universal evidences of sympa- 
thy, he sent an Easter Message of thanks to his "friends and those who 
have not hitherto been regarded as friends" — he had no enemies left. 
But the relentless disease continued its advances, and on the ninth of 
June he was removed to Mount McGregor, near Saratoga, to a cottage 



30 

offered by Mr. Joseph W. Drexel. As the pain and suffering increased, 
his industry seemed to keep pace. He now had seen that his volume was 
to become a great source of income to his family, and the thought of 
leaving them in comfort spurred him on and maintained his strength. 
After he became unable to dictate, he resorted to writing, with the un- 
usual result that his last thoughts and words instead of being left to be 
repeated by those who heard them, exist as written by his own hand. 

When he came to realize what part his suffering and approaching 
death had performed in calling forth the sympathy of the world, and es- 
pecially the sympathy of his former antagonists. General Grant's old 
spirit of magnanimity burst into rare and perfect flower, and it was given 
him to show the world how a great soldier could die; how the Commander 
who could with the return of each dreadful day hurl his weary army "by 
the left flank forward," could as a single soldier fight the last great enemy, 
fighting on and on, and when speechless writing on and on until his loved 
ones were provided for, until the whole world did him homage, and until 
the nation he had helped to preserve was encircled with a lasting tie of 
fellowship. 

And so it came to pass that on July 23, 1885, a day or two after his 
book had been completed, the life that had begun in a cottage at Point 
Pleasant ended in a cottage at Mount McGregor, and the sympathizing 
world saw Ulysses S. Grant, great lover and great defender of our country, 
fall asleep. Mrs. Grant received as her share of profits of the Memoirs, 
$394,459.53. 




TOMB OF GENERAL U. S. GBANT, RIVERSIDE DRIVE, NEW YORK CITY 



Grant's Birthday 

The observance of General Grant's birthday by immense masses of 
Americans is evidence of the vitality of his fame. He lives, like other 
patriots, by reason of his unselfish services to his country. He never 
suspected his own greatness until occasion required him to step forth as 
a champion of his country. Many another American now in obscurity 
may be in soul as great as Grant and opportunity may be preparing to 
knock at his door. Grant unconsciously prepared himself for mighty 
deeds. Every young American should prepare and keep prepared. 

A study of the character and achievements of General Grant is in- 
dispensable to a proper understanding of the United States at its most 
critical period. The fate of the nation hung upon the actions of a few 
men, one of whom was Grant. He and Lincoln were the principal sup- 
ports of the Union. The fate of millions would have been changed, un- 
doubtedly, if Grant or Lincoln had died in the fleeting hours when their 
decisions were shaping the destiny of the United States. No other brains 
and hearts were quite like theirs. No man is indispensable but no two 
men are alike, and Grant and Lincoln in particular were sharply distinct 
in individuality. Each performed his task in his own way, inimitably, 
and historical perspective makes it appear that each acted as an agent 
of divine will. Americans will never cease to feel grateful for the bless- 
ing of such lives. 

Saturday noon those members still in the city were presented to 
the President, and were accorded the courtesy of a trip through the va- 
rious rooms of the White House. The President graciously gave your 
Secretary a copy of his address at the Point Pleasant celebration, which 
is given on a later page. 

Following we give extracts from speeches made at the celebration 
in New York City, with photographs taken diu-ing the exercises at the 
tomb of General Grant on Riverside Drive, and at the dedication of the 
tablet to his memory in the Hall of Fame at New York University: 



31 



The Program in New York City 

1. Invocation — Right Rev. William T. Manning, Bishop of New 
York. 

2. Marche Militaire (Tschaikowsky) — The Gloria Trumpeters. 

3. Introductory Address — Henry W. Hayden, President of the 
Grant Memorial Association. 

4. Song — Pupils of New York Public Schools. 

5. Reading of an Extract from President McKinley's address at 
the Dedication of Grant Monument, 1897. — Henry C. Quinby, of the 
Board of Trustees, of the Grant Monument Association. 

6. America — To be sung by the audience accompanied by the 
22d Regiment Band. 

7. Remarks — Hon. Nathan A. Miller, Governor of the State of 
New York. 

8. Remarks — Hon. John F. Hylan, Mayor of the City of New 
York. 

9. The Glory of God in Nature (Beethoven) — The Gloria Trum- 
peters. 

10. Address — Hon. James R. Sheffield, President of the Union 
League Club. 

11. Song — Pupils of New York Public Schools. 

12. Address — Ex-Governor William C. Whitman. 

13. The Star Spangled Banner — The Audience and the 22d Regi- 
ment Band. 



32 



t«s 




y 



% 




MADAME JOFFRE, MARSHALL JOFFRE AND MAJOR U. S. GRANT III 



(The New York Times, April 28) 

Joffre and Grant Linked in Tributes 

Marshall Joffre Joins Exercises at the Tomb 

Receives IX. D. at New York University 

Marshal Joffre paid his measure of tribute to the memory of General 
Ulysses S. Grant, "a pioneer for peace," when he participated in the ex- 
ercises at the Union soldier's tomb on Riverside Drive, unveiled the 
Grant bust in the colonnade of the Hall of Fame, but was unable to 
attend the Grant centennial meeting at the Town Hall last night. 

In between the tributes Joffre foimd time to attend a luncheon of 
war veterans at the Astor, received the degree of LL.D. from New York 
University, and was the guest of the Franco-American Society at dinner 
in the Plaza. 

He was a trifle ahead of the schedule, however, and to take up the 
time his party circled Central Park and then shot up the Drive to the 
exercises held under the joint auspices of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion and the Grant Monument 
Association. The party arrived just as Battery D of the 104th Field 
Artillery boomed the last of the national salute of twenty-one guns. 

Ckowd Cheers Joffbe 

As the Marshal accompanied by Mme. Joffre, Mile. Joffre and for- 
mer Dock Conunissioner R. A. C. Smith, made their way through the 
lines of G. A. R. veterans, the crowd broke into cheers, the demonstration 
coming strongest from a group of school girls wearing blue "Liberty" 
caps. Speeches lauding the great Union soldier were delivered by Henry 
W. Hayden, President of the Grant Monument Association; John J. 
Lyons, Secretary of State; Murray Hulbert, President of the Board of 
Aldermen; former Governor Charles S. Whitman and James R. Sheflaeld, 
President of the Union League Club. The invocation was by Bishop 
Manning. 

Joffre, his bright uniform standing out against the background of 
the national colors draped on the east side of the tomb, praised Grant in 
French. The school girls frequently let their enthusiasm get the better 
of them, and, finally, the Marshal, beaming broadly and enjoying the 
shrill cries, had to wave his hand at them to moderate. 

33 



34 

While Mme. Joffre and Mile. Germaine Joffre entered the tomb and 
stood for a moment of silence at the flower-covered sarcophagus, the Mar- 
shal was escorted to see the elm sapling, from Grant's old farm near St. 
Louis, which had been planted near the tomb several hours before by 
Charles Lathrop Pack, President of the American Forestry Association 
of Washington, D. C. The tree was the gift of August A. Busch, of 
St. Louis, who has restored the General's old home. Near the sap- 
ling are the ginkgo and pagoda trees planted years ago by Li Hung 
Chang, who was a close friend of General Grant. 

Grant Bust Unveiled 

Participating in the ceremonies of unveiling Shrady's bust of Grant 
at the Hall of Fame at New York University were Major Ulysses S. 
Grant, 3d, U. S. A., the General's grandson, and Prince Michael Can- 
tacuzene, his great-grandson, and M. Venizelos, former Premier of Greece. 
In the academic procession from the library of the university around to 
the colonnade of the Hall of Fame — windswept and rather bleak — 
were Dr. Isaac F. Russell, Chancellor Elmer Ellsworth Brown, Dr. Rob- 
ert Underwood Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Finley J. Shepard, Colonel E. M. 
House, A. B. Fletcher, State Commander William J. Deegan and Captain 
R. D. Condon of the American Legion; the Rev. Dr. Alexander, President 
of the New York University Council, and members of the Faculty. 

In front of the bust of Grant, draped in the American flag and bay 
leaves and situated between the niches reserved for busts of General 
Robert E. Lee and General William Tecumseh Sherman, the procession 
halted. With a simple grace, the Marshal's hand came instinctively to 
the salute. 

"We are met today in this already historic colonnade which records 
the fame of three-score Americans," said Dr. Johnson, "to unveil a 
further memorial above the tablet that bears the honored name of Grant. 
Marshal Joffre, as Director of the Hall of Fame, and on behalf of the 
authorities of New York University, I welcome you to this sacred spot 
which your presence makes more sacred. 




MARSHALL JOFFRE SALUTING BUST OF GENERAL GRANT AT HALL OF FAME 



VLY 



MPS ON GRANT 



•■ ': . t82,3 . — — 18 8,5 

idptermined frrst to vse the greatest nvmber of trooips practicable 

SECOND TO HAMMER COHTmvOVSLY AGAINST THE ENEMY VNTIL BY MERE ATTRITION 
.. IF- IN HO OTHER WAYTHERE SHOVLD BE NOTHING LEFT TO. HJM BVT-SV EMISSION 



THE TABLET 



(New York Tribune, April SS) 

Joffre Salutes Grant as Hero Among Soldiers 

Marshal Is Chief Figure in Centenary Exercises at Tomb 
and Hall of Fame, Where He Unveils Bronze 

Guest Also at Luncheons 

Muscle-Weary Visitor Compelled to Desist From Handclasps at Reception 

Military history of past and present was linked at Grant 's Tomb 
and at New York University yesterday, when Marshal Joffre played a 
leading part in the local celebration of the Grant centenary. The Mar- 
shal visited the tomb on Riverside Drive in the midst of the anniversary 
exercises and later unveiled in the Hall of Fame on University Heights 
the striking bronze bust of the great Union general made by Henry M. 
Shrady, whose equestrian statue of General Grant also was unveiled 
yesterday in Washington. 

The greater part of Marshal Joffre 's day was devoted to doing honor 
to the memory of U. S. Grant. The hero of the Marne was the guest 
of the New York Chapter of the World War at a limcheon at the Hotel 
Astor, and he also visited the luncheon meeting of the Merchants' 
Association, which was being held at the same place. From the Astor 
he returned to his hotel for a short rest, after which he was driven 
through Central Park to Riverside Drive by way of Seventy-second 
Street. A stop was made at the statue of Joan of Arc, on Riverside 
Drive, where the Marshal laid a wreath at the feet of the Maid of Orleans. 

Prior to the arrival of the Marshal at Grant 's Tomb various impres- 
sive exercises had been carried out. Members of the Grant Mommient 
Association, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion and the G. A. R., 
with the aid of the American Legion, the schools and the military 
command, took part in a long program, the first feature being the plant- 
ing in the morning near the tomb of an elm which had been brought from 
the farm near St. Louis upon which Grant once lived. The tree was sent 
to New York by August A. Busch, who has restored the Grant farm, and 
was planted by Charles Lathrop Pack, President of the American For- 
estry Association. 

While the band of the 22d Regiment, U. S. A., played patriotic airs, 

and a group of school children sang, the girls, dressed in white and 

wearing star-spangled liberty caps of brilliant blue, a zooming airplane 

dropped an olive wreath in front of the tomb, and a detachment of the 

104th Field Artillery fired a salute of twenty-one guns in honor of the 

national hero. 

35 



Riverside Drive on the east side of the tomb and all the available 
open spaces around were crowded when Marshal Joffre's party arrived 
a little after 3.30 o'clock. Veterans of the Civil War were grouped 
around the entrance, while veterans of the Spanish-American War and 
the youngsters of the World War service lined the steps. Former Gover- 
nor Charles S. Whitman, Aldermanic President Murray Hulbert, repre- 
senting the city, and Secretary of State Lyons, representing Governor 
Miller, spoke. Bishop Manning delivered the invocation, and a brief 
introductory address was made by Henry M. Hayden, President of the 
Grant Monument Association. The Marshal made a short speech in 
French eulogizing Grant as one who made military history and whose 
soldierly life was admired in France as in the United States. 

From Grant's Tomb Marshal Joffre and his party went to New 
York University, where he was welcomed by the chancellor. Dr. Elmer 
Ellsworth Brown. The official greeting was delivered in the University 
Library Building, where the academic procession was formed. It pro- 
ceeded to the Hall of Fame for the unveiling. The occasion was a great 
gathering of notables. In the procession, which was headed by Dr. 
Isaac F. Russell, carrying the Helen Gould Torch of Learning, beside 
Chancellor Brown and the Marshal were Dr. Robert Underwood Johnson, 
Director of the Hall of Fame; Mme. Joffre, Major U. S. Grant 3d, the 
young Prince Michel Cantacuzene, General Grant's great grandson; 
J. Edgar Saltus, Colonel E. M. House, former Premier Venizelos of 
Greece, Dr. Albert Shaw, representing the family of Henry Merwin 
Shrady, the sculptor; Robert Woods Bliss, Brigadier General Robert 
Lee Bullard and others. 

After the unveiling ceremony in the soldiers' and sailors' section 
of the Hall of Fame, the degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon 
the Marshal by Chancellor Brown, who coupled the name of Joffre with 
those of Washington and Grant as "defenders of American life and 
makers of American destiny." 

Marshal Joffre was the central figure last night of the gathering at 
the Town Hall under the auspices of the Civic Forum. Henry W. Taft 
presided, and an address on the life of Grant was given by Hamlin Gar- 
land, the official biographer of the great Civil War Chieftain. Prince 
Michel Cantacuzene the younger, and Dr. George BoUing Lee, a grand- 
son of General Robert E. Lee, were seated side by side on the platform. 

Earlier in the evening Marshal Joffre attended a dinner of the 
France-America Society at the Plaza Hotel, where Frederic R. Coudert 
made the only address. 



{New York Herald, April S8) 

Joffre Chief Figure at Many Functions 
Unveils Grant's Bust in Hall of Fame, Plants Oak at Tomb 

As the westerning sun slanted brilliantly into the colonnade of the 
Hall of Fame at New York University yesterday a field piece upon the 
campus began to crash forth the first detonations of the national salute, 
the strains of "The Star Spangled Banner" floated over the heights, and 
Marshal Joffre, center of a brilliant group, met at the university to 
honor the one hundredth birthday of Grant, released the flag drapery 
which had concealed a bronze bust of the great Union commander. By 
the side of the old French warrior was a young man in the olive drab. 
He was U. S. Grant 3d, U. S. A., grandson of the man whose name and 
fame were being honored. 

Soon after three he started for Grant's Tomb, leading a motor car 
procession through Central Park and to Riverside Drive. Around the 
tomb overlooldng the Hudson at 123d Street fully 5,000 persons awaited 
him. The old soldiers who had served under Grant formed the heart 
of the gathering at the tomb, and to these the Marshal paid special 
attention. He did not remain for the addresses, but started for Univer- 
sity Heights. 

He was received with Mme. and Mile. Joffre in the Gould Memorial 
Library by Chancellor Elmer Ellsworth Brown and the faculty, together 
with Dr. Robert Underwood Johnson, Director of the Hall of Fame. At 
five an academic procession moved from the library and around into the 
colonnade overlooking the valley and there, in uniform as Marshal of 
France, Joffre paid the respects of his country and of himself to the mem- 
ory of Grant. 

After the unveiliag he was invested with the academic robes of an 
LL. D. by Leroy E. Kimball, bursar of the university, and speeches were 
made by Director Johnson and by Chancellor Brown, who said: 

"Marshal of France, you fought for us before we had begun to fight 
for ourselves. Your victory was for our lasting gain. A few high 
hearted Americans had rushed in to fight with you from the beginning. 
The whole American nation followed at a later day. But you, in the 
meantime, had turned an epoch in the military history of the world. 
Washington, Grant and Joffre — what have they not done as defenders 
of American life and makers of American history!" 

To thi^ and other greetings the Marshal responded with a few sen- 
tences of gratitude and appreciation. 

37 



Sword of Donelson 

Gen. Fred. Grant Asked that it be Painted on Loyal 
Legion's Portrait of His Illustrious Father. 

The magnificent portrait of General U. S. Grant, which is repro- 
duced on the opposite page, hangs in the rooms of the Loyal Legion in 
the Masonic Temple, Cincinnati, Ohio. The Times-Star of January 29, 
1906, contains an interesting story regarding the picture. 

It is the incident of General Fred. D. Grant approving the Legion's 
portrait of his illustrious father, General U. S. Grant. Generals Fred. 
D. Grant, O. O. Howard and G. M. Dodge met in Cincinnati and were 
invited to inspect the painting, which is by Leon Lippert. Telling of that 
incident, and speaking of General Grant, the report says : 

"He made no comment for several minutes, examining the portrait 
carefully. He then turned to the committee and said it was the best por- 
trait of his father he had ever seen. He added he was particularly well 
pleased that we had selected the battle of Chattanooga as the scene of 
this portrait, as in the military schools throughout the world the battle 
of Chattanooga and the battle of Austerlitz are pointed to as illustrations 
of the only two battles of modern times that were fought and won in 
accordance with prearranged plans." 

The report adds that General Grant, when asked for suggestions, 
said he thought the sword in the portrait should be substituted by "the 
sword of Donelson," which was his father's favorite sword. The com- 
mittee endeavored to obtain possession of that sword from the curator of 
the Smithsonian Institution, but were refused, as it is specified by act of 
Congress that the sword should never be removed from those halls. But 
the curator sent the committee an excellent portrait of the weapon, with 
an exhaustive description, and Artist Lippert painted out the original 
sword and substituted the "sword of Donelson." 



38 




GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT AT THE AGE OF FORTY-THREE 

YEARS 

From the original painting by Leon Lippert 

" This is the best 'portrait of my father that I have ever seen " 
FlR&DsBicK D. Grant 











1 
i 

i 

; 





ADDRESS 



OF THE 



PRESIDENT OF THE 
UNITED STATES 

ON THE 

ONE HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY 

OF THE BIRTH OF 

GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT 

AT 

Point Pleasant, Ohio 
April 27, 1922 




WASHINGTON 
1922 



ADDRESS. 



Mt Countrymen : The military hero of the Eepublic ; a command- 
ing figure in the military history of the world; the surpassing ex- 
emplar of magnanimity of all times; the most striking example of 
the possibilities in American life; the confident and relentless com- 
mander in war, and the modest and sympathetic petitioner for peace 
after victory ! 

All of these may be said, most befittingly, of the great American 
whose hundredth birthday aimiversary we are met to commemorate, 
to whose undying fame we add fresh tribute of memory to-day. 

In that inevitable contemplation incident to the preparation of an 
address for this occasion, I have pondered again and again, what 
distinction, or what attribute, or better, what attribute and achieve- 
ment, of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant appeals to me most. He looms 
majestic in the blend of them all — his fame is secure. 

One must revere his military genius, even though its development 
was one of those miracles of grim war itself. No one would have 
picked him in youth or early manhood, or in his early career as a 
regular officer, for the great commander. Responsibility and neces- 
sity set ablaze the latent genius. Donelson was a flash of daring, 
Vicksburg his trophy of courage and unalterable determination, 
Petersburg the revelation of his genius.' But at Appomattox he was 
Grant the Magnanimous, who spoke for reunion as he had fought 
for union, and turned from grim warrior to the ambassador of peace. 
He could neither hate nor humiliate, and in the very glow of sur- 
passing triumph he could not be ungracious or inconsiderate. 

In that supreme moment of victory, with union saved at unutter- 
able cost, he seems to have surveyed the many disappointments, the 
measureless sacrifices and the indescribable sorrows. He felt the 
assurance of the Nation preserved, and yet the one sweeping utterance 
from his great heart was " Let us have, peace." 

Undoubtedly the task of reconstruction was lightened because of 
Grant's moderation. At the height of the struggle he would accept 
the capitulation of Fort Donelson only on conditions of "uncondi- 
tional surrender ;" but when the fighting was over, he changed from 
severity to moderation and generosity. In the conclusion of his 
report to the Secretary of "War some months after Appomattox, he 

4288—22 (3) 



first paid his tribute to the valor of the armies he had commanded, 
and then concluded with this sentence : 

Let them hope for perpetual peace and harmony with that enemy, whose 
manhood, however mistaken the cause, drew forth such herculean deeds of 
valor. 

I can not but feel that there is for us a lesson in the concluding sen- 
tences of the note in which he proposed to receive the surrender of 
the Army of Northern Virginia. Those sentences read : 

The armies, artillery, and public property to be parked and staclied, and 
turned over to the officer appointed by me to receive them. This will not 
embrace the side arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. 
This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not 
to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they observe their paroles 
and the laws in force where they may reside. 

To that he added the verbal agreement with General Lee that every 
man of the Confederate Army who claimed to own a horse or mule, 
should be permitted to take the animal home. General Lee observed 
that these conditions would have a happy effect upon his army. 
Within a few hours after the capitulation had been signed, largely 
by reason of the generosity of its terms, the men of the two armies 
were freely fraternizing, and the captured supply trains of the Con- 
federates had been placed again at their disposal, in order that the 
half-famished soldiers might be properly fed. Describing this inci- 
dent in his memoir, General Grant wrote : 

I said (in talking with General Lee) I took it that most of the men in the 
ranks were small farmers. The whole country had been so raided by the two 
armies that it was doubtful whether they would be able to put in a crop to 
carry themselves and their families throughout the next winter without the 
aid of the horses they were then riding. The United States did not want them, 
and I would, therefore, instruct the officers that I left behind, to receive the 
paroles of his troops, to let every man of the Confederate Army who claimed to 
own a horse or mule take the animal to his home. Lee remarked again that this 
would have a happy efCect. 

In making such conditions, in thus recognizing the vast difficulties 
of consolidating the peace won through years of suffering and priva- 
tion, there spoke the great, true heart of the man who could see into 
the future and realize its problems. 

Many years later, when his life was ebbing, and- he struggled to the 
end of his memoirs, all the American people knew of his brave fight, 
and the inevitable outcome, and the man of magnanimity found him- 
self the recipient of a genuinely nation-wide sympathy. His 
acknowledgment in the closing paragraph of his exceptional book 
reveals the soul of a great life. Concerning these kindly expressions 
he wrote, at the very conclusion of his memoirs : 

I am not egotist enough to suppose all this significance should be given be- 
cause I was the object of it. But the war between the States was a very bloody 



5 

and a very costly war. One side or tlie ' other had to yield principles they 
deemed dearer than life before it could be brought to an end. I commanded the 
Whole of the mighty host engaged on the victorious side. I was, no matter 
v/hether deservedly so or not, a representative of that side of the controversy. 
It is a significant and gratifying fact that Confederates should have .ioined 
heartily in this spontaneous move. I hope the good feeling inaugurated may 
continue to the end. 

He savsr union follow disunion, but it was not his to live to see 
complete concord where discord had flourished. I wish he some- 
how might know that in the more than a third of a century since 
his one and only surrender, the indissoluble ties of union have been 
more firmly riveted, and in the shared burdens and triumphs of 
American progress we have indeed continued at peace at home. 
Geographical sectionalism is only a piemory now, and Mason and 
Dixon's line remains only a historical record, where an ambiguity in 
the Federal Constitution was wiped out, and the Nation resumed 
the onward march on its destined way. 

Seemingly, it was a long time in which to reestablish a concord 
so manifestly essential to the Nation's greater achievements, but the 
understanding of the magnificent Lee was not universal throughout 
the "South, the magnanimity of Grant was not manifest throughout 
the North. Wounds had to be healed, and partisan politics tem- 
porarily profited more in irritation than in healing. But the war 
with Spain consecrated North and South to a common cause, and 
the sacrifice and nation-wide service in the World War revealed 
the common American soul. Grant, the great nationalist, who ap- 
praised union and nationality above all the frightful cost and suffer- 
ing, would rejoice to acclaim the Republic of to-day. 

I do not mean to say that everywhere in our land we are all in 
complete accord about fundamentals of governinent or the basic 
principles upon which society is founded. But the sectionalism of 
Grant's and Lee's time has been effaced, and the geographical di- 
visions which hindered the formation of the Union, and later threat- 
ened its disruption, have given way to the far less menacing divisions 
which have challenged all civilization, and which make the ferment 
out of which all progress comes. We are to-day incontestably one 
people, with a common purpose, universal pride, nation-wide con- 
fidence, and one flag. The contentions which beset us are not ours 
alone, they are the irritants to civilization throughout the world. 
They are not to be ignored, but they have never halted the human 
procession, and will not hinder the progress of this firmly founded 
Republic. 

Grant was himself the supreme example of American opportunity. 
Standing before his humble birthplace, amid the surroundings of his 
obscure boyhood life, one doubts if three-quarters of a century ago 



6 

anyone should have sought here for the military chieftain ot a 
century. We have not a few, even to-day, who think small-town 
vision to be pitifully circumscribed. And yet this little Clermont 
County furnished in Ulysses S. Grant and Henry C. Corbin two of 
the thirteen lieutenant generals who have been commissioned in all 
our history. 

Grant had even less of likelihood to eminence than his unpromising 
and unprophetic beginning. There was the suggestion of mediocrity 
in his development, and even the steadfastness of his early manhood 
was stamped with failure. But there was the inheritance of quality, 
and he dwelt and grew rugged in the freedom of democracy. 

Even the beckoning opportunity of war left him seemingly im- 
favored by fate. Politically he was out of accord with the Master 
Martyr who became his commander in chief. But he believed in 
Union and the Nation supreme. He brought to the armed service 
preparedness to command, sturdiness of purpose, patience and 
forbearance, great generosity of soul, and a confidence never to be 
shaken. The seizure of opportunity, more to serve than to achieve, 
made him victor, and the quiet man, garbed in failure at Galena, 
marched to the surpassing heights of military glory. All conquering 
in command and magnanimous in his triumph, the world saw the 
soldier and the man, the soldier adored and the man beloved. 

Other military leaders hitherto had mounted to lofty heights in 
the annals of human history. It is useless to compare, but it is be- 
fitting to recall that General Grant was not making conquest of ter- 
ritory or expanding empire. He was only seeking to preserve. He 
did not fight to enslave ; he only battled to sustain Lincoln, whom 
God inspired to bestow freedom. He did not seek to punish or de- 
stroy; he was fighting to save and reunite. In his heart were no 
drastic terms of surrender ; he craved the blessings of peace restored. 

The other day I received a letter from an old gentleman now living 
at Annapolis, Maryland, Mr. James W. Owens, who at the age of ' 
eighty-two is still practicing law in Maryland's capital city. He 
related an incident in his own career that was so characteristic of 
General Grant that it was worth repeating. He told me that he was 
a soldier in General Lee's army, surrendered at Appomattox, and 
returned to his home in Maryland. There he was confronted with 
an order of the Union general commanding the Department of Mary- 
land, which required that all paroled Confederates should take the 
oath of allegiance. Mr. Owens in his letter to me explained : 

As Dick Taylor and Kirby Smith were still fighting, I declined and was put 
in prison, and released on condition that I would leave the State. I went with 
an exiled comrade to see General Grant. We left a note, explaining our banish- 
ment, and he immediately issued an order saying that in accepting the surrender 



of General Lee he had made it a condition that the paroled men should return 
to their homes, and there remain as long as they observed the conditions im- 
posed. Not designating a loyal or disloyal State, General Grant directed that 
the general in command in Maryland should rescind his order. I accordingly 
returned here, and here I am yet, at the age of eighty-two. We veterans of 
the Confederacy have only a feeling of good vs'ill for his memory. 

I wonder sometimes if the magnanimity of Grant, the dogged, per- 
sistent, unalterable Grant in warfare — the Unconditional Surrender 
Grant — would not be helpful in the world to-day. The great world 
struggle, which we might reasonably designate the Civil War of 
western civilization, and in which we so creditably and helpfully 
participated, left peoples and nations prostrate, hardly knowing 
which way to turn for restoration. I can not help but believe that 
something of the spirit with which Grant welcomed victory, some- 
thing of his eagerness to return to peaceful ways, would have speeded 
the restoration and hastened the return to prosperity and happiness, 
■v^ithout which there can be no abiding peace. He perpetuated no 
resentments of war. Perhaps he felt his own wounds which came 
of calumny, recalled how he was humiliated through misunderstand- 
ing, and menaced by jealousy and hampered by politics. But he 
clung to his vision of union restored, and believed the shortest I'oute 
to peace to be the surest way of lasting triumph. 

Manj- an incident of the war, many a revelation of his sturdy (;har- 
acter showed that his face was set on the one supreme achievem<:nt — 
union and the preserved ark of the American covenant of liberty. 
No hurting heart, no rivalry, no triumph of other commanders, no 
promotion of the aspiring or deserving, could remove his gaze from 
the great end sought. He wrote 'Sherman, in Grant-like simplicity 
and sincerity, that he would serve under him as willingly as over 
him, to attain preserved union. Out of such consecration, out of 
such unchanging devotion, came his signal victory. 

It is not hard to understand effective endeavor and inspiring lead- 
ership where men are consecrated to service. He was not concerned 
about- his individual fortunes, he was battling for the Union. H(! was 
not seeking self -promotion, he was fighting for the Nation. Eivals 
sought his removal and disgrace, but he kept on fighting. Lincoln 
repulsed his enemies. "I can't spare this man; he fights," was all 
Lincoln would say. He fought for a preserved Union and restored 
Nation, and succeeding generations are richer because of his ex- 
ample. One may guarantee the security of this Republic so long as 
leaders among men put the country's good above personal and politi- 
cal advantage. 

It is not to be said of Grant that he sought to preserve a political 
or social order, or even a government, which had especially favored 



him. He was too little favored by the existing order. Nor can it 
be said that he sought personal or political popularity. These things 
were apart from his early life. 

It is conceivable that men are prejudiced in their attitude toward 
great problems by their own experiences — more by their disappoint- 
ments than their successes. Grant's own experience in life might 
have led a less deliberate character to welcome an upheaval, or dis- 
union, or any reversal to the government. But this silent man did 
not appraise his country by the scale of his own misfortunes. 

He had seen much of the Republic. In boyhood he drove often to 
Cincinnati and saw the developing city, much as he saw St. Louis 
later on, in his early married life. Between these two periods of 
observation he had graduated from West Point, he had served 
creditably in the Mexican War, and was stationed as a military 
officer on the Pacific coast. 

He saw the westward course of the star of empire. He saw two 
typical American cities grow under the impulse of immigration and 
an expanding Eepublic. He saw the foreigner come to breathe deeply 
in the atmosphere of American freedom and stand erect amid the 
inspirations of American citizenship. He saw the schooling chil- 
dren, rollicking in the laughter of youth and freedom and equality, 
garbed in essentially the same raiment, no matter whence they came, 
and walking in the light of the same opportunity. He saw the 
dreams of the founding fathers more than made true. He cherished 
the inheritance which came of their heroism, and he chose to hand 
that inheritance on to his children and his children's children. 

There must have come some such appraisal to this ordinary Ameri- 
can boy when grown to manhood. He had yearned for no star, 
dreamed of no destiny. He merely went the normal way, face ever 
forward, ready to quicken his step when opportunity called or re- 
sponsibility summoned. Like most men who have left their names 
conspicuous on the rolls of public service, responsibility brought 
forth the greatness of his heart and mind and soul. 

He no more resented criticism than he courted applause. He 
made no outcry against failure, he trusted his own convictions and 
clung to them with a calm fidelity which challenged every crisis. 
His modesty was as notable as his serenity was reassuring. Surely 
in such a breast there was an appraisal of his country, which made 
consciousness of service the compensation for every denial and a 
healing salve to every hurt. 

We know he wished the Republic to go on. His 20 years of pub- 
lic and private life, following the war, give proof enough. Though 
he pioclaimed the doctrine of moral disarmament at Appomattox 
he believed in a nation equipped for righteous defense. But no 
aggression was in his breast. 



We know his cherishment of peace, intensified by his intimate 
laiowledge of the horrors of war. I can well believe he would have 
approved all that the Republic has so recently done in joining other 
nations in lifting the burdens of armament and promoting under- 
standings which make war less likely. I know he would have ap- 
proved, because we surrendered no independence, we gave up none 
of nationality for which he fought, but we have furthered the as- 
surances of peace, which was the supreme yearning of his great, 
brave heart. 

It is fifty-seven years since Grant garlanded victory with mag- 
nanimity. It is thirty-seven years since he laid down the wearied 
autobiographer's pen and made his one and only surrender. His 
fame is secure. The Republic has not forgotten and will not forget. 

What of the Republic itself ? It will not be unseemly to say that 
American example and American conception of justice and liberty 
since then have influenced the world little less significantly than 
Grant's service to the Union shaped the course of our own land. 

A score of new Republics have unfurled their flags, and democracy 
has opened new avenues of liberty and made justice more secure. 
Civilization meanwhile has made such advances that there has seemed 
a divinity pointing the way. And yet that very civilization, more 
advancing than entrenched, was threatened by the World War, and 
in war's aftermath established order has been assaulted and revolu- 
tion has threatened throughout the world. In our own land the 
enemies within have been more threatening than those without. 
Greed and anarchy have menaced. But a calm survey gives every 
reassurance. Twenty centuries of modern civilization could not have 
been builded on foundations which are false. A century and a half 
of gratifying American achievement dates from the sacrifices of the 
founding fathers, and their firm structure was preserved by the 
patriots whom Grant commanded, and will be held secure by the 
patriotic citizenship of the Republic to-day and the grateful Ameri- 
cans of the morrow. 

■9 




PRESIDENT HAHDING ANt) MKa, FKKUEKICK D. GRANT, 
AT POINT PLEASANT, APRIL 27. 1922 



Grant's Example 

Henry IngersoU Bowditch in his Journal, August 8, 1885, the day of Grant's burial. 

Well, it is right for the people to set the day apart as a notable one, 
as that of the entombment of the greatest general of any age. I write 
with thought of the exact meaning of the word. Others may have com- 
manded as vast armies over as large a field, others may be known wider 
than he for deeds of personal valor; others may have held on to the foe 
with the same persistent energy. Every species of military renown may 
have been equaled by others. But who among them has had his real 
Christian magnanimity toward the vanquished foe? Who ever before 
stood before an infuriated, victorious people and boldly declared: "The 
terms are in my hands as commander-in-chief of the army and I declare 
to those whom we have finally conquered that we will take no spoils of 
war. They are our brothers; let them go uninjured, and let the van- 
quished soldiers take their horses and all they have and go back to their 
homes and raise their crops." 

This magnanimity of soul in Grant is what will make him and the 
victory at Appomattox for all coming time noted as the first time a con- 
queror ever did so glorious an act. Compare this with what the English 
did in India or still more recently what Germany did to France; and in 
both instances, leaving rankling in the bosom of the conquered a feeling 
for revenge and future slaughter. Look at the facts here; Confederate 
soldiers and southern men and women are now joining with us imder the 
old flag as brethren. Among the last words of Grant were those of 
thankfulness that by his suffering the people of the South have been led 
to poiu" in upon him words of sympathy because of his noble treatment 
of them. The fact of General Buckner offering General Grant in his 
later days $10,000 to help him in his poverty, and that two of the chief 
Confederate generals are now acting as pall-bearers of their great and 
victorious opponent, tells me, more than words can express, what a 
power Grant, in the first instance, with the spirit of Lincoln to animate 
him in some degree, was toward making this country again one and indi- 
visible by the bond of public love and sympathy. 

(This clipping from Sunday Republican of October 1, 1922.) 



39 



Ulysses S. Grant 
Interpreted in the Light of Family Traits 

Twenty-one years ago, at the commemoration of the three hun- 
dredth anniversary of the birth of Matthew Grant, our distinguished 
kinsman Theodore E. Burton of Ohio was present and gave an address 
on family traits. At the celebration in Washington, D. C, of the one 
hundredth anniversary of the birth of Ulysses S. Grant the same able, 
brotherly representative of American character and Grant family traits 
was with us. Distance makes it easier to say that the occasion was 
made even more memorable to us because of his presence with us. He 
represents the enriched Americanism of several strains blending with 
that of our Matthew and pointing toward effort and ideal which cause 
a minimum of regret and a maximum of blessedness. It will, or ought, 
ever serve the cause of humanity to consider the best in Colonial Ameri- 
can character, the fruitage of courage, restraint, and far vision, the in- 
heritance of high ideals of honor and service in the fear of God and the 
interests of man. 

More than fifty years ago General Ulysses S. Grant said in an 
address to Congress, on the occasion of his second inaugural: "Our great 
Maker is preparing the world, in His own good time, to become one 
nation speaking one language, and when armies and navies will be no 
longer required." 

Just as galleries of portraits and acres of wisely administered estates 
are stimulating to the endeavor of many an ancient European famUy 
so may the achievement of great qualities of soul spur us living Ameri- 
cans to emulate the really fine successes of our forbears. 

The fact that many of these heroes of moral conquests are obscure 
does not deprive us, their kindred, of the record. It is the family regis- 
ter of memory, of many an anecdote, old letter, legal paper and many 
other trifles about which are built tales that remind us of Grants we have 
known. By the instinct of kinship we reach for the maimers and 
characteristics we know and have known so well. Thousands of Grants 
are thus saved in essence and to reflection who will never have a chroni- 
cler in print. Our historian Arthur Hastings Grant has, however, 
caught hundreds of these pen portraits in his book and magazine which 
are suggestive of other hundreds lying near to our day. 

Let one look almost at random through the Grant volume pages 

28, 32, 38, 39, 51, 52, 59, 66, 102, 142 and in the magazine Volume II, 

40 




H^XV.All '.l:.\Nr rviiici; \M- MUTHKlt i>\- liU, nitSI[iK\ 



GOOD OLD "STAND-FAST" STOCK — TUi;\" l.n<.)K IT 



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41 

No. S, June, 1901, on pages 638, 743 and also on page 15 of the 1914 
Keport. It is surprising, at first, but inevitable, as we think it over, to 
note such consistency of traits in the persons whose records are found in 
our family history. It is equally suggestive to note that these are of the 
kind of traits which our kindred have remembered and passed on. There 
is in the record evidence of a genius for steadiness, faithfulness, a deter- 
mination to carry on the necessary services of life. The possessors of 
such qualities make it possible for the more erratic or eccentric geniuses, 
the tribe of the pushers and the disagreeably politic to exist. 

My own grandfather, Elihu Grant (1556, 441) stands clearly in my 
mind's eye as a bearer of many of these characteristic Grant traits and 
many another Grant will at once think of one near of kin to him who 
fulfils the same service. A poor boy in New York state, grandfather 
was most eager for an education. The only way to gratify the desire 
was to secure the appointment to West Point. This as in the case of 
TJ. S. Grant was a substitute for college. The two Grants were at the 
academy at the same time, tradition has it that they roomed together 
for a short time. To both the highly technical and military cast of 
things was repugnant. Elihu 's case was complicated, as he has told, by 
an inner conviction that he must serve in the Methodist ministry. 
From this calling he fled first in one direction and then another only to 
yield and serve a few years later. In the conflict of emotions Elihu left 
West Point and embarked for New Bedford, Mass. He went into busi- 
ness and married but gave in his allegiance to the " call" which followed 
him. Grandmother was hardly sympathetic with this new life and de- 
clared in grim humor that she had not calculated with such a move when 
she married him. Elihu Grant served as captain of volimteers in the 
war which brought Ulysses S. Grant before the world as one of its great 
figures. One man was at heart about as militaristic as the other, the 
humble Methodist minister and the President of the United States of 
America. 

Here is the paradox which has never been resolved. Grant the man 
who wished to be a college professor of mathematics, the citizen craving 
quiet domesticity and instinctively magnanimous has too often been 
appraised as a bloody exponent of the military ideal of life. Grant the 
civilian has not yet been clearly discerned because the historians have 
not enforced upon the popular unagination the study of the man against 
the background of his kindred, his family of the name. From John 
Grant, (15.) supposedly the first Grant in this country to do any soldierly 
work, to the present day, certain traits of our progenitor Matthew 



42 

Grant have persisted in the faithful performance of many a task not 
congenial with the mood of the one who had a constitutional reverence 
for what he conceived his duty to be. 

Now there is a quality of character here so distinctive of much of 
the fundamental American stock as to make the line of study which we 
are suggesting not merely a Grant family piece of research but one of 
great importance in understanding ourselves as a people. 

Grant the soldier has been overdone and Grant the civilian needs 
to be understood better. His failures in private life, in business, may 
be understood by one who studies the Grant lineage and reflects on what 
would result from a combination of its psychical history and the West 
Point of the early nineteenth century. 

Let me ask the reader a question. Have you known in the Grant 
consciousness a combination of shrinking dread with a determination to 
stand iast? Have you known of that presentiment of a great calling 
joined with a distaste or even fear to think of oneself as in any way 
prominent? 

Fortunately our heroic kinsman has left a book under circumstances 
which endear him to his countrymen. One does not read fifty pages 
without the conviction that we have here hopeless material for the con- 
struction of a man of arms according to the European model. But we 
have the kind of a man the old-line Americans can admire and love. 
Crammed with the appreciation of the goodness and greatness of other 
men, with tenderness, with humor, with common sense, with the vision 
and judgment going around all sides of a question, an almost super- 
stitious trust in the rightness of things, really a reverence for Providence. 
Yet he had as few illusions as possible about himself or others. It was 
Grant the civilian who entered the war. His appointment came not 
from Washington but from the governor of his state and was, practically, 
to do clerical work. Determined, courageous, planning his work and 
then working his plan, never letting go, he made the career from Galena 
to Appomattox. After that he began at once to emphasize the civic 
values. He sought earnestly to save the face of the foe and the soul of 
the victor by what he considered true manliness. He said of his boyish 
and manly impulses equally on page 27 of his book, "A military life had 
no charms for me and I had not the faintest idea of staying in the army 
even if I should be graduated." 

If he had been more vocal we should perhaps have known him bet- 
ter but we of the family understand that too and it is in character. Noth- 
ing but the distressful need of meeting terrible reverses and caring for 



loved ones broke his resolve to be a silent conqueror. He was a success 
as an invalid doomed to die. Where else was he so fine a soldier as in 
deep trouble! What was it that generated love, trust, and esteem 
throughout his country and abroad? What in all his quiet sympathy 
m his distaste for pomp, war, or business guaranteed these? Great, 
elemental forces resided in the strata of centuries of preparation. He 
has cartooned the result on page 271 of his "Personal Memoirs." "Every 
one has his superstitions. One of mine is that in positions of great re- 
sponsibility every one should do his duty to the best of his ability where 
assigned by competent authority, without apph'cation or the use of 
influence to change his position." Bead the rest of the paragraph. 

Elihu Ghant 
Haverford, Pennsylvam'a. (1556.4413.0) 

Professor in Hwoerford College. 



Secretarial Data 

LIFE MEMBERS 

CLAN T 

Rachel Grant (1556.4413.00), Haverford, Pa. 

MEMBERS 

CLAN H 

Vaughn R. Williams (1136.5100.050), Boulder, Colo. 

CLAN C 

Margaret Grant Plumb (1106.1922.0), New York City. 

CLAN N 

Lucie G. Metcalf (1162.4105.1), Schenectady, N. Y. 

CLAN P 

Sidney B. Thomas (1163.5603), West Newton, Mass. 

CLAN B 

Hugh B. Gordon (1104.0040.1), New York City. 

DECEASED 

LIFE MEMBEKS 
DATE 

Unknown. Francis E. Grant (1550.3443), New York City. 

Unknown. Sarah A. (Mrs. Calvin C.) Young (1558.2022), Liberty 

Center, Ohio. 
Unknown. Rev. Dr. Henry W. Barnes (1550.7411), Binghamton, 

N. Y. 
Unknown. Lorenzo Grant (1103.3843), Edinboro, Pa. 

Sept., 1914. Charles C. Taintor (1165.61.xx), Elizabeth, N. J. 
June 12, 1915. Francis Grant (1103.6601), Rockville, Conn. 
Nov. 30, 1916. Josephine Grant Wheeler (Mrs. Henry O. W., Jr.) 

(1108.2123.3), Palm Springs, Cal. 
Oct. 26, 1918. Mortimer Norton Grant, Jr. (1104.0011.60), Laramie, 

Wyo. 
Nov. 6, 1919. Edward W. Pinney (1558.2032.2), Cass City, Mich. 
April 1, 1920. Henry Fay Grant (1108.2123.2), Franklin, Pa. 
Feb. 6, 1922. Caroline A. G. Burghart (1143.3350), Washington,D. C. 

Buried at Arlington, Va., with military honors. 
a 



45 



MEMBERS 
DATE. 

Unknown. Juliette (Mrs. Jas. J.) Huntington (1104.0014.2), 

Kansas City, Mo. 
Unknown. Lucinda (Mrs. Chas. W.) Wilcox (1143.6413), Port 

Jervis, N. Y. 
Unknown. Mrs. Ida H. Segura (1103.3550.2), Alpine, Cal. 

Unknown. Sidney A. Grant (1106.1057), Thompsonville, Conn. 

Unknown. H. Dwight Grant (1106.4021), Boonville, N. Y. 

Unknown. Charles C. Deming, M. D. (1143.4501), Friendship, 

N. Y. 
Unknown. Nellie J. Grant (1103.3146.2), Hartford, Conn. 

Unknown. Leroy Grant Armstrong, M. D. (1558.430), Boscobel, 

Wis. 
1904. Joseph Ray Grant (1143.4410), Cincinnatus, N. Y. 
Aug. 14, 1913. Anna M. (Mrs. John G.) Shrive (1143.489), Yonkers, 

N. Y. 
Dec. 19, 1914. Frank S. Turner (1211.1692), Geneva, Ohio. 
Sept. 20, 1914. Anthony S. Pinney (1558.2031), Erie, Pa. 
Dec. 23, 1914. Belle L. (Mrs. Wallace E.) Strong (1103.6600.2), Rock- 

ville. Conn. 
1915. William Mather (1544.xx), Windsor Locks, Conn. 
May 1915. Frances A. (Mrs. Elmer G.) Clark (1120.3322), W. 

Hartford, Conn. 
Jan. 12, 1916. Charles Grant (1558.406), Redlands, Cal. 
Feb. 19, 1916. Mrs. Ellen A. G. Phillips (1558.018), Torrington, Conn. 
June 5, 1916. Henry Grant (1109.361), Conneaut, Ohio. 
Oct. 30, 1916. Alice D. Grant (1108.2125), Royalton, Vt. 
Jan. 24, 1917. Franklin Grant (1120.3014), Noroton Heights, Conn. 
Nov. 18, 1917. Martha B. (Mrs. Albert) Doerr (1165.02xx.x), South 

Pasadena, Cal. 
Dec. 1918. Caroline A. Grant (1106.690), Wernersville, Pa. 
Jan. 25, 1919. Edwin D. Northrup (110S.6490), Ellicottville, N. Y. 
Oct. 26, 1919. Cyprian A. Grant (1550.7100), Rolfe, Iowa. 
Dec. 20, 1919. Mrs. Harriet G. Millard (1558.0152), Winsted, Conn. 

1920. Chalmers D. Colman. (1106.51xx.x), New York City. 
July 24, 1920. Capt. Robert E. Grant (1106.691), Washington, D. C. 
Dec. 16, 1920. George D. Clark (1120.3322.0). West Hartford. Conn. 

1921. Juliana D. (Mrs. Benj. F.) Young (1556.444), St. Johns, 

Mich. 



46 

DATE. 

Jan. 23, 1921. Raymond W. Wright (1120.2320.10), Deep River, 

Conn. 
May 7, 1922. Mrs. Lillian L. H. Williams (1136.5100.05), Alius, Okla. 
Unknown. Judge D. Ellsworth Phelps (1256.xxxx), Windsor, 

Conn. 



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