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CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 



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PRINTED CALENDARS. 



The Editors of Calendars published under the direction 
of the Master of the Rolls are requested to confine 
any Prefatory Remarks they may consider necessary to 
prefix to their Volumes to an explanation of the Papers 
therein contained. 

(Signed) Romillt. 

13th June 1867. 



24637, 



CALENDAR 



OP 



STATE PAPEES, 

DOM.ESTIC SERIES, 
CHARLES I. 
1638—1639. 



13. a 2 



CALENDAH 



OF 



STATE PAPERS. 

DOMESTIC SERIES, 

or THE EEIGN OP 

CHARLES I. 

16 3 8—1 6 3 9. 



PKESEBVED IN 



HER MAJESTY'S PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. 



EDITED BY 

JOHN BRUCE, ESQ., F.S.A., 

AND 

WILLIAM DOUGLAS HAMILTON, ESQ., F.S.A, 

UKDEU THE JIIIIECTION OF THE MASTEK OF THE ROLLS, AND -WITH THE SANCTION OF 
HEE majesty's SECKEXAKY OF STATE FOK THE HOME DEPARTMENT. 



LONDON: 
LONGMAN & CO., and TEUBNEE & CO., PATEENOSTEE EOW; 

ALSO BY 

PAEKEE & CO., OXFOED ; and MACMILLAN & CO., CAMBEIDGE ; 
A. & C. BLACK, EDINBUEGH; and A. THOM, DUBLIN. 

1871. 



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LOWDON : 
Printed by Eybe and Spottiswoode, Her Majesty's Printers. 
For Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 



CONTENTS. 



Page 
Preface -- - - - ' " -tii 

Calendae ------- 1 

Genbbai, Index ------- 639 



a 3 



PREFACE. 



The papers comprised ia the present volume carry on 
the Calendar History of the reign of Charles I. during the 
latter part of the year 1638 and beginning of 1639. 

Among the more noticeable papers are those detailing 
the proceedings of the English government in its endea- 
vours to force the Scots into submission. They contain 
much valuable historical information, illustrating the 
motives vphich actuated the King and his chief adviser 
Archbishop Laud in resisting the Scottish demands. The 
Provost and Bailies of Edinburgh remonstrated against the 
garrisoning of Scottish fortresses with English troops, as a 
thing abhorrent " not only to the national statutes but to 
the common law of nature and nations " (see p. 477, 
No. 19). These papers also throw much light on the 
course adopted by Scotland in the organisation of her 
forces, and the military weakness of England. The master 
gunner of England, in a petition addressed to the King, 
and dated 12th Eeb. (see p. 448), only a month before the 
departure of the English army for the north, " dares, to 
" his great regret, to say that there are few gunners in 
" your kingdom at this time who understand the several 
" ranges of ordnance, or the use of the mortar, which in 
" effect are the special points belonging to a gimner, and 
" impossible to attain unto without a great and continual 
" practice." Scattered through the volume are numerous 
papers relating to the accumulation of magazines of 



vili PREFACE. 

powder, the monopoly of which the King held ia his own 
hands, and the storing of arms in convenient places in. the 
northern counties ; the measures taken for the levying and 
disciplining of the trained bands, which were equipped and 
transported at the charge of the several counties, but were 
to enter into the Eiag's pay upon reaching their rendez- 
vous. The letters of Sir Jacob Astley, the military com- 
missioner, reporting the state of the northern counties, their 
capacity for defence, the points most threatened, and the 
routes most eligible for the marching and maintenance of 
an army, are also replete with interest for the topographer 
and historian. On the 24th of Jan. (see p. 361, No. 8.) 
Tho. Smith, the Lord Admiral's secretary, wrote to Sir 
John Pennington, " The Council of "War sits daUy, and the 
" former intentions do go on, but they are much troubled 
" to find out the way how to levy and maintain this army 
" of 30,000 men. The last great lightning has done a 
" world of mischief aU over England, and the people are 
" generally so molested with predictions and rumours of 
" supposed visions, as if they were all struck with a panic 
" fear. Por my part, I never regard any of those things. 
" The truth is we do already see the beginnings of much 
" evU, and have cause to fear much more, the discourse 
" whereof I must, of necessity, leave tUl our meeting, 
" which I hope wiU be about six weeks hence." 

It was not that the King or his councillors were blind to 
the significance of the ominous tokens which every day 
thickened on the political horizon, but the storm approached 
probably sooner than any of them expected, and from a 
quarter whence it was not anticipated. The Scottish 
difficulty, which ever since the vain attempt of Arch- 
bishop Laud, on the 23rd July 1637, to impose on the 
people of Scotland his new Scottish Liturgy, had become 



PREFACE. ix 

more and more pressing, at length developed itself into a 
national question. The Scots, shielding themselves behind 
the constitutional safeguards of legal forms, proceeded to 
elaborate an organised resistance, and without at once 
rejecting the royal authority, they disputed its mandates, 
as not sanctioned by the Assembly and the national 
Parliament. (See pp. 406 and 519.) 

In order to thwart the reactionary policy of Laud, who 
stiU continued the King's chief adviser on Scottish matters, 
the Scots inaugurated a national convention, which might 
act in the absence of a regular Parliament. (See p. 406.) 

The four tables into which the convention was divided 
sat permanently in Edinburgh, one consisting of nobility, 
another of gentry, a third of ministers, and a fourth of 
burgesses, and their orders were universally and implicitly 
obeyed. Amongst the first acts of this new body was the 
promulgation of the celebrated Covenant, which produced 
such consternation in England that the King despatched 
the Marquis Hamilton back to Scotland as his commis- 
sioner, with power to grant more ample concessions, and 
authorised biTn to sanction the withdrawal of the Service 
Book, Book of Canons, High Commission, and Pive 
Articles of Perth, and to admit the setting up the 
Confession of Paith of 1580 as a substitute for the Cove- 
nant recently entered into ; and to pubKsh the proclama- 
tion of a General Assembly to meet at Glasgow on the 
20th November next, and a Parliament at Edinburgh on 
the 15th May 1639 (see p. 31, No. 18); but these 
measures came so late that they were regarded in Scot- 
land rather as symptoms of weakness than as evidences 
of the royal clemency. At first the Covenanters protested 
against the royal proclamation, and before it was 
published " sent a compendium of their protestation to 



X PREFACE. 

" each borough," at the same time "taking course to go 
" through the whole kingdom to impede the people from 
" subscribing that their Confession, lest, unawares, they 
" should fall, with them, into the like danger." A copy 
of this protestation the writer of the news-letter from 
Scotland forwards, together with " certain reasons why 
" none that have subscribed the late Covenant ought to 
" subscribe this politic Confession, whereia it is to be 
" feared (though not as yet) many of the Council have 
" played with religion to please the King." (See pp. 31, 
32.) The Covenanters, however, having ascertained that 
they were sure of an overwhelming majority in both 
assemblies, notwithstanding any exertion of the royal 
prerogative, offered no strenuous opposition to the meeting 
of the Assembly, which met at Glasgow, but had scarcely 
commenced its deliberations when the Marquis Hamilton 
vainly endeavoured to dissolve it, on the pretext of its 
having been illegally constituted and elected. 

All the Acts of the Assembly since the accession of 
James VI. to the Crown of England were declared null 
and void. The Acts of Parliament which affected ecclesi- 
astical affairs were repudiated as having no authority. 
And thus the whole fabric which James I. and Charles I., 
in a long course of years, had been rearing with much 
care and policy, fell at once to the ground. The Cove- 
nant, renouncing popery and prelacy, was ordered to be 
signed by every one, under pain of excommunication, and 
the press was set to work to promulgate the Acts of the 
General Assembly. (See p. 453, No. 103.) 

Matters having now come to a crisis, the Covenanters 
prepared in earnest for war. " We are busy here," 
on the 12th Eeb., writes Mr. Craig from Edinburgh to 
Erancis Lord Stewart, (see p. 453, No. 103,) "preaching, 



PREFACE. XI 

" praying, and drilling ; and if his Majesty and his subjects 
" of England come hither they will find a harder welcome 
" than before, unless we be made quit of the Bishops." A 
plan for the combiued resistance of the whole kingdom 
will be found at p. 407 ; and at p. 507, Peb. 27, a pro- 
clamation of the King to his loving subjects of England, 
setting forth the immediate grounds of his quarrel with 
the Scots. " We cannot but hold it requisite to give our 
" good subjects (of England) timely notice of their (the 
*' Scots) traitorous intentions, which very many ways 
" appear to us. As, first, by the multitude of their 
" printed pamphlets, or rather indeed infamous libels, 
" stuffed full of calumnies against our regal authority 
" and our most just proceedings, and spreading of them 
" in divers parts of this our kingdom ; secondly, by 
" their sending of letters to private persons to incite 
" them against us, and sending of some of their fellow 
" Covenanters to be at private meetings in London 
" and elsewhere to pervert our good people from their 
" duty ,^ and some of these meetings we know, and some 
" of those letters, lewd enough, we have seen ; thirdly, by 
" their public contemning of all our just commands, and 
" their mutiuous protesting against them, a course not 
" fit to be endured in any well-ordered kingdom ; fourthly, 
" by their rejecting of the Covenant commanded by our 
" authority, because it was commanded by us ; * * * * 
" and, lastly, by their most hostile preparations in all 
" kinds, as if we were not their King but their sworn 
" enemy." 

The whole south of Scotland soon fell into the hands of 
the Covenanters, except a small district under the Marquis 
of Huntly, who still adhered to the King, and vainly 
endeavoured to stay the tide of revolt. " I hear," writes 



xii PitEFACE. 

Edw. Eeed to Viscount Conway, on the 26th Feb. (see 
p. 556j No, 92), " the Scottish Covenanters have prepared 
" an army to go into Aberdeen and the north parts of 
" Scotland, and press a submission unto the Covenant, 
" and are like to be resisted by the Marquis of Huntly, 
" who, as the report is here (London), has an army of 
" 10,000 men, and if that difiference will be able to 
" continue the King will have the less to do with his 
" army." 

The few castles which belonged to the King, being in- 
adequately provisioned and garrisoned, were either seized or 
voluntarily surrendered, and on the Tuesday before the Xing 
started from London to take the command of the army 
in the north, " news came from Scotland (see March 28, 
" p. 623) that Edinburgh Castle was taken by the Cove- 
" nanters, though not above three days before the governor 
" of that castle writ to Marquis Hamilton, that he was 
" victualled for six weeks, and would hold out against aU 
" opposition, so that 'tis thought," adds Garrard, "he 
treacherously gave it up." Two days after this letter 
of Garrard's to Viscount Conway, Chief Secretary Sir John 
Coke, writing to his fellow Secretary of State, Windebank, 
(see 31 March, p. 628, No. 78,) says, " Erom Scotland we 
" hear little tending to peaceable counsels, and [have] 
" confixmation also of those reports which you have 
" formerly taken notice of concerning the surprise of 
" Edinburgh Castle and of the King's house at Dalkeith, 
" where, besides the arms and ammunition, the rebels 
" have seized the chief ensigns (insignia) of the Crown, 
" and what is become of the Lord Treasurer Traquair 
" we do not yet understand. Rumours are also spread 
" of the taking of other forts and more arms, and 
" that Aberdeen should be [sur]rendered." But perhaps 



PREFACE, XUl 

the most graphic account of the national feeling in Scot- 
land is that contained in a letter of Mr. Craig from 
Edinhurgh to his brother (see p. 453, No. 104). " I was 
" sorry to hear that you have vented yourself in public 
" discourse, disallowing our most just cause, and taxing 
" us of so great foUy [as] to contest without power. I 
" think there be not many Scotchmen born more ignorant 
" of our country than you are ; and I hope that the same 
" God that strengthened the arm of the land of Sweden 
" against Germany will strengthen us against England, at 
" least that part of it that wUl contest without offence 
" given them, for a number of scurvy priests. They may 
" consider that war may well begia here, but hke a 
" pestilence it will spread over aU this isle. Soldiers will 
" get nothing here but strokes, and many of them ; but 
" they will be desirous to fight where they may get 
" plundering without blows. Both the King and England 
" are rending that they will never knit again, and it shall 
" be seen hereafter that it is to their great prejudice. 
" Knox, Welch, and your old master, Dr. Liddell, and 
" many others, foretold this storm." 

Erancis Botwright, writing from Edinburgh on the 11th 
Eeb. (see p. 447, No. 89), to his friend Patrick Batey, says, 
" I know your desire is to know the news here in Scotland. 
" It is this, that the Lords here have made a book of 
" divine services, as it was in the old time before, which 
*' they have all taken their oaths for to maintain with their 
" lives and estates, with the King's leave, wherein they 
" show that there was never any bishops in the old time 
" before, neither wiU they have any now, for they have 
" banished them all out of Scotland, and swear that they 
" shall never come in more, for if they do the women 
" will beat out their brains with stones ; indeed, if it had 



Xiv PREFACE. 

" not been for the Lords, they had pulled them all to 
" pieces. They were driven to take all the soldiers in the 
" town to guard them out of the ports, for there was a 
" whole army of women about them. If the King would 
" be pleased to let them have this service book to be read 
" in their churches, they would look for no more. And 
" for any preparation of wars here is no more than you 
" have in England, and they do pray as heartily that there 
" may never be any wars betwixt us, as they do for their 
" own souls' health, for they think verily that you will 
" come agaiast them, for the speech is here that you are 
" making aU preparation that may be, which makes them 
" very much afraid of you," &c. 

The Earl of Argyle, after long temporising, embraced 
the Covenant, and became the chief leader of the party, 
which also numbered among its distinguished adherents 
the Earls of Rothes, Casselis, Montrose, Lindsey, Dal- 
housie, and Lothian, and the Lords Sinclair and Balmerino. 
(See pp. 504, 519, Nos. 89, 124.) 

Perceivrag that the storm was fast approaching, the 
leaders of the Scottish movement availed themselves of 
every means at their disposal to make a sturdy fight. 
With this object they invited over the Scottish oflB.cers 
who had acquired reputation in the German "Wars, par- 
ticularly under the great Gustavus, and committed to 
them the chief commands in the army. 

Colonel Leslie, a soldier of experience and ability, 
was made General-in-chief (see p. 361, No. 8, Jan. 24). 
Eorces were regularly enlisted and disciplined (see pp. 336, 
407, 506, 513). The Scottish Borders were put in a 
state of defence agaiast England (see p. 437), and letters 
missive (as we learn from Spalding's History of the 
Troubles, printed for the Bannatyne Club) were sent from 



PREFACE. XV 

tlie Provisional GoverBment installed at Edinburgh, 
through all Scotland, to the Covenanters, " willing them 
" to take np the haiU rentalls of Scotland, alse well of 
" freind as foe, and to raise IBs. M. out of ilk chalder 
" of victuall or silver rent for raising of men ; and that 
" ilk sheriflfdome should try the numher of their men 
" and armes; and to have all in readiness as occasion 
" should ofifer, and to levie coloneUs, captains, ensignes, 
" seqands, and other officers to dreiU and trayne up 
" their souldiers. And they order how commissioners 
" should be chosen to sitt three months at the Council 
" Table at Edinburgh their time about ; and likewayes 
" how commissioners should be chosen for releing of 
" ilk presbyterie and parochine of the land ; and set 
" down instructions in write anent all their bussienesses ; 
" whilk bred great trouble in the uptakeing of the rentall 
" within ilk sherrifdome and number of men and armes, 
" and others above written," 

To counteract these measures the King "sent all or 
" most of the Scottish nobility speedily into Scotland, 
" which is conceived will not only encourage but enable 
" his party, and the King is so confident in his good 
" success, that he mtends, God willing, to be in short 
" time in Edinburgh, to settle that disordered govern- 
" ment, which," continues Eeed in his letter of the 
26th Eebruary to Viscount Conway (see p. 506, No. 92.), 
" I wish he may do, for that Scottish affair doth make 
" such a stand of money, which is called in and kept in 
" the hands of the Dutch, who are the greatest lenders 
« and trusters, and the like by the EngKsh money-men, 
" that some extremity appears in this city [London] 
" already, and many cannot receive their own, nor borrow 
" to supply their wants, who were held rich within these 

b 



XVi PREFACE, 

" two month-S." An order was likewise issued by the 
King in Council, directing tlie Attorney General to send 
writs to Lord William. Howard, Lord Clifford, Lord Whar- 
ton, Lord Grey of Wark, and to Sir Richard Lumley, 
Viscount Waterford in Ireland, notifying to them that the 
King had ordered all lords holding lands in Northumber- 
land to dwell upon them with their families, for defence of 
the same. " The better to resist the malice of our enemies 
" and rebels, if they should presume to enter therein. We 
" command you, therefore, that, all excuses set apart, you 
" repair to your lands in the said county, so that you be 
" there on the 1st March next at the latest, with your 
" family and retainers well arrayed, and with competent 
" arms, and that you continue there until you hear the' 
" contrary from us. In default whereof we shall take the 
" said lands into our hands, and shall cause to be found' 
" out of the profits thereof persons sufficient for their safe 
" custody." (See p. 372, No. 49 I.) 

It is a curious fact that the Scots were armed with 
more effective weapons and of more recent pattern than 
those in use in England. We find the Government com- 
missioner. Sir Jacob Astley, who had been sent into 
the north to prepare the country for the opening cam- 
paign, thus writing to Secretary Windebank (see Peb. 7, 
p. 437.), "I have enquired what arms the Scotch 
" Borderers are armed withal. They have all muskets 
" and pikes, so as our Bordering men must be so like- 
" wise, and think no more of bows, spears, jacks, and 
" skul caps." The character of the Scots' resistance was^ 
"thorough;" not content with securing their own fort- 
resses, they determined to station 6,000 men on the 
English frontier, in order, as Sir Jacob informs the English 
Government, "to prevent His Majesty in possessing of 



PREFACE. xvii 

" Berwick and Carlisle, or at least to make both those 
" places theirs." These vigorous measures, initiated by 
the Scots, inspired a wholesome fear in their neighbours 
across the Border, for, notwithstanding the disproportion 
between the population and wealth of the two king- 
doms, we are told by Astley (see p. 438), that all the 
gentlemen ia the northern parts were doubtful of their 
estates, seeing the Scots armed themselves ; but when Sir 
Jacob assured them that his Majesty intended to raise a 
royal army to defend them as need should require, they 
resolved, being many puissant families of brave races, and 
less in fear than others further from the danger, to stand 
firm in their allegiance. The Military Commissioner 
naively suggests that an army might be more cheaply 
raised in the north than in the south of England, " and 
here will be found good hardy men." 

The Government, however, was at first so disconcerted 
by the energetic action of the Scots, that it was at a loss 
to know how to proceed. " We daily meet in Council," 
says the Lord Admiral Northumberland (see p. 377, 
No. 80.), " but to little purpose, for in my opinion we 
" are but just where you (Viscount Conway) left us. 
'• Divers trivial things have been argued amongst us, 
" but yet the King declares not where he expects to 
" have the money that must defray the expense of his 
" army, consisting of 24,000 foot and 6,000 horse." 

Beguiled by the easy triumph they had gained in the 
case of ship-money, which only last year had been decided 
in the interest of the Crown by the Bench of Judges, the 
reactionary party now persuaded the King to try the 
expedient of reviving the feudal claim to military service, 
as a ready means at once of recruiting his army and 
replenishing his exchequer. "Letters are going to all 

b 2 



XViii PREFACE. 

the noblemen from His Majesty," writes the Earl of 
Northumberland (see p. 377), " signifying to them his 
" resolution to go northwards with an army, and re- 
" quiring them in person to attend him with their 
" retinues. * * * The King is told that by this 
" course he wlU have at least 1,200 horse raised and 
" maintained without any charge at aU unto his Majesty." 
Similar letters were sent to the " Judges, Inns of Court, 
and Inns of Chancery," but, instead of military service, 
requiring them to lend his Majesty such sums as they 
think fit. 

The experiment did not succeed as satisfactorily as its 
designers had hoped, for we are further informed by the 
Earl's secretary, Mr. Smith, in a letter to Sir J. Penning- 
ton (see p. 465, No. 134.), "that many of the Lords 
" have absolutely refused either person or purse. My Lord 
" Say, my Lord Bolingbroke and others have returned 
" in their letters to the Eong, that they find no law for 
" it, and that therefore they cannot in conscience do it, 
" and advise the King to take a Parliamentary way. 
" The clergy are assessed high, every dean and chapter 
" at 200 marks, and the rest of the clergy at 3*. 6d. in 
" the pound. The bishops are left to a voluntary con- 
" tribution." Another of the recalcitrant lords was 
Eobert Lord Brook, who "doth not apprehend himself 
" obliged to any aid of that nature but by Parliament." 
Upon fuller reflection, however, and probably after con- 
sultation with their legal advisers, both Lords Say and 
Brook signified themselves " ready to attend his Majesty's 
" person within any part of the kingdom of England" 
(see p. 516, No. 117,) thus saving themselves from 
the danger of confiscation of lands for non-compliance 
with the feudal summons to arms, but restricting their 



PREFACE. xix 

service within tlie strict limits of national defence, and 
tlius virtually refusing to follow tlie King into Scotland. 

A stUl more formidable difficulty to the equipment of 
an efficient army was presented by the rivalry of the 
nobility themselves, who, only half approving of the war, 
were jealous of the favour shown to each by the sovereign 
in the distribution of the military commands. Thus we 
find the Earl of Northumberland informing Viscount 
Conway (see p. 378.), " The Earl Marshal and Essex 
" are extremely discontented at Holland's being made 
" General of the horse, though Essex, when it was first 
" proposed to him, consented that Holland should com- 
" mand the horse, and chose for himself to be Lieutenant- 
" General of the army. The gentlemen of the Privy 
" Chamber both ordinary and extraordinary are to serve 
" on horseback, for a guard to be near the King's person, 
" and my Lord Chamberlain is to be their captain. How 
" my Lord of Salisbury will endure this I know [not. 
" God send it be not an occasion of much bloodshed 
*' between the commanders of these bands." 

A command in the army for Scotland would appear, 
however, from Sir William Pelham's letter to Viscount 
Conway (see p. 322, No. 104, Jan. 16), not to have had 
like charms for all. " I have seen," says the former, " a 
" list of many officers more than you pleased to write 
" of, and I cannot say that I am sorry I find not your 
" name ; I hope your Lordship is reserved for a better 
" and more pleasing employment." 

The ill effect produced in Scotland by the evident reluc- 
tance of the English nobihty to contribute to the war 
expenses is evidenced by a letter forwarded by Sir Jacob 
Astley to Sec. Windebank out of Scotland. 

" As for news, truely, Sir, we have very few at this 
" present, but we hear out of Edinburgh that his Majesty 



XX PREFACE. 

" should be delayed his corning to York till the beginning 
" of June, and likewise we hear that there are sixteen 
" of your Lords in England who haye refused to give His 
" Majesty any soldiers to come to Scotland, and so many 
" shires, nineteen, have refused to contribute any money 
" for the sustainiag soldiers." (See p. 694, No. 11, I.) 
Although this statement was no doubt an exaggeration 
in its literal expression, it conveyed the true significance 
of the feeling in England. " Many of our nobility," 
writes Garrard to Viscount Conway (Mar. 28, p. 621, 
No. 65), " who should have gone with the Eling to York, 
" are excused, payiag money. My Lord of Hertford gave 
" 1,000?. ; Lords Bedford, Kent, and Bristol, [with] many 
" others, have sent in their money, and are excused ; 
" they neither go themselves nor send horses." The 
same correspondent also tells us, that "The citizens of 
" London gave but 5,200?. ; they could not be brought 
" to give this way, so his Majesty refused their gift." 

The minutes of Nicholas, to which we have above 
referred, supply us with the answers of 75 other peers, ia 
general promising compliance with the royal demands, 
but frequently pleading poverty and age in excuse of 
their personal attendance. It is observable that certain 
of the answers contained ia these minutes are from 
persons not mentioned in the list of nobility to whom 
letters were sent according to the roU calendared at 
p. 516, No. 117. Scattered throughout the present volume 
will be found many of the original letters received from 
the nobility and other persons summoned to attend the 
King, or to contribute in money, of which these minutes 
are merely notes. Amongst others, that of William Lord 
Maynard of the 11th Eebruary (see p. 446, No. 88), in 
which he says, " I will not allege how that his Majesty 
«« has had of me within these three years near 900/. in 



PREFACE. XXI 

" extraordinary ways, which few others of his subjects 
" have felt besides myself, for aU which I pay interest 
" to this day ; much less wiU I pretend 28 years' service 
" at a continual yearly charge, without any other expec- 
" tation of reward than the discharge of my own con- 
" science and his Majesty's gracious acceptation." In 
many instances the King was pleased to accept a fixed 
sum of money instead of the personal attendance of the 
nobility, and this probably was the real iaducement to 
the experiment. Thus we find Nicholas endorsing his 
minutes above referred to as "A list of all the Lords' 
" answers, whereby there are here but 254 horse certain, 
" = 7,400^." 

Por the cause of the great unpopularity of the Scotch 
campaign (see p. 322, No. 104,) we have not far to seek. 
It was regarded by the people of England as impolitic 
and unconstitutional ; and although they did not entertain 
the same hatred of episcopacy as the Scots, they regarded 
the attempt of Archbishop Laud to impose an ecclesias- 
tical polity on the northern nation as a threat upon their 
own civil and religious liberties. In this light we find 
the Roman Catholics (see p. 623.) supporting the re- 
actionary party. " The Queen has commanded a fast to 
" be kept amongst the Catholics who frequent her chapel 
" at Somenget House every Saturday during the King's 
" absence ; and here is a prayer penned and read in our 
" churches for the King's good success in this journey ;" 
while the ultra- Protestant party openly sympathized with 
the Scots. Thus we find Robert Reade, secretary to 
Secretary Windebank, reporting (see p. 518) :— 

" I attended his Majesty, by Mr. Secretary [Windebaiik's] com- 
mand, with some Scottish letters, that had been formerly inter- 
cepted, concerning my Lord B[rooke], Livingston the tailor, and 



XXii PREFACE. 

KnoUys the messenger, and I desired lii,s Majesty's resolution in 
them, and proposed whether it were not fit to have my Lord 
B[rooke] and the others restrained before his Majesty's going into 
the north. His Majesty consulted with the Lord Archbishop [Laud] 
and the Lord Marquis Hamilton, who only were then present, 
and they were of opinion that they ought all to be restrained, 
but thought it better to respite the restraint of Lord B[rooke], 
because of his quality, and in regard that he that had written 
the letter which fell most flat upon him was in Scotland. I 
answered, that there was ground enough in those letters to question 
him presently, and the greater his quality was the greater blow it 
would give the Puritan party, and the better declare to the world 
his Majesty's resolution in the business of Scotland, But upon 
further argument his Majesty thought fit that the Lord B[rooke] 
should be let alone, and that Livingston and Knollys should be 
apprehended, and their houses searched ; and his Majesty com- 
manded me to see that done. I presently prepared warrants to 
authorize me to do it, which his Majesty signed." 

As the gravity of the religious question in England as 
well as in Scotland hecame more perceptible, the King's 
responsible advisers in the matter became alarmed, and 
we are told by Garrard (March 28, p. 621, No. 65,) that 
the Archbishop "had not been well of late, feverish 
" and ill disposed, but God be thanked he is now well 
" again;" also that "All my Lord of Canterbury's men 
" wear swords," but whether for the personal protection 
of the Archbishop in the event of any popular outburst 
of passion does not directly appear. The King himself 
would appear to have had no misgivings as to the wis- 
dom of the policy he was pursuing, for when Archbishop 
Neile of York, in his annual report of the state of his 
province, notices that " too many of your Majesty's sub- 
" jects inhabiting in these East parts of Yorkshire are 
" gone into New England, among which there is one 
" Eogers, that had a benefice well worth 240?. per 
" annum, gone, whom I have laboured by the space of 



PREFACE. xxiii 

" two years in sundry conferences to reclaim, and re- 
" fused to suffer him. to resign ; but at the last lie, going 
" on shipboard for New England, wrote his letter to me, 
" acknowledged that I had given him good counsel, but 
" ia vain, and prayed me to accept of his resignation, 
*' for gone he was for New England," the King wrote in 
the margia with his own hand, "An honester man must 
be put in [his] place." (See p. 430, Eeb. 6.) 

The treatment to which the Puritans in the north of 
England were at this time subjected is further illustrated 
by a letter of Sir Jacob Astley from Newcastle. (See 
p. 437, No. 62, Eeb. 7.) " With these their Lordships will 
" receive the account what we have done about the Puri- 
" tans of this place (Newcastle), which now their private 
" meetiugs will be excluded them, for their combination is 
" dissolved, and we shall have an eye upon them all, who 
" I find to be poor in estate, and but simple in judgment, 
" their consciences serving to borrow and not pay, being 
" most bancroftes ; and if a fat Puritant could be laid hold 
" of it were good to punish him, but [for] these lean ones, 
" to punish any of them in an extreme way wUl but 
" cause them to clamour against persecution, which is 
" their common course, to gain popularity in their ' sex.' " 

Notwithstandiug the expectation of the Scots that the 
King's coming against them would be deferred tUl June 
(see p. 594, No. 11. I.), the army was ready to take the 
field by the end of March, and his Majesty made the 
necessary arrangements for carrying on the government 
in his absence, the preparations for which are detailed at 
pp. 339 and 340, No. 162, under date of the 21st January. 
The defence of the southern provinces of England was 
entrusted to the Lord Admiral (Algernon Percy, Earl of 
Northumberland), who " was made Lord General of all 



XXiv PEEFACE, 

" the King's forces on this side Trent, in as ample 
" manner as the Earl Marshal (Thos. Earl of Aiundel) 
" was on the other side Trent." (See p. 608, No. 45.) 
" The morning the King went away [from London], 
" which was the 27th March," we are informed by Gar- 
rard, (see p. 622, March 28), " he brought the Queen 
" to my Lord Admiral ; said she was his jewel, and 
" committed her to his protection, so that London and 
" Sion will be the habitation of my Lord Admiral I 
" hope all this sunrmer, neither do I fear tumults at 
" home which may withdraw him. Therefore my Lord 
" Conway I charge you quickly to leave L-eland, and 
" come to us, for where can you be better. My Lord 
" Deputy wUl not hinder you, for you have all peace 
" there." The King's journey to York, according to a 
programme printed at p. 5M, No. 57, was to have ex- 
tended over a fortnight, but was performed by the King 
with much greater speed, for we find him in London on 
the 27th, conducting the Queen to the Lord Admiral, and 
by the 30th at night he was in York, so that he must 
have accomplished the whole 199 miles in little more than 
three days. On his arrival at York " he was received by 
" the deputy lieutenants and chief of the gentry in a 
" noble equipage, and with much demonstration of their 
" forwardness for his service. And which gives us no 
" small content, we see yet no cause to doubt that 
" sufl&cient provisions for the army may be had in. these 
" parts." (See p. 628, No. 78, March 31.) In the south, 
matters wore a more gloomy aspect ; the opposition to the 
payment of ship-money, notwithstanding the decision of 
the judges in the case of Hampden, was more perse- 
veringly persisted ia than at any preceding period. Sir 
John Hanbury, late sheriff of co. Northampton, reports 



PREFACE. XXV 

to Nicholas (see p. 342, Jan. 21), " I have paid, and 
" which presently will be paid to Sir WUliam Eussell, 
" above 4,000^. which I have received with great oppo- 
" sition and danger and many menaces of suits for dis- 
" tresses ;" and, further, that " the corporation of Brackley 
" have paid in no part of the 501. [ship-money] their writ 
" was for. I have often," says he, " called for and sent 
" to the mayor for it, but cannot get him to pay any. I 
" sent to him. to make speedy distress. * * He then 
" demanded of m.y man, who should save Tn'm harmless 
" from, suits. So that unless he will pay it upon a letter 
" from the Lords, it is not like to be paid. The writ sent 
" to the town of Northampton is for 200^., which by 
" reason of the Plague wherewith it has been visited 
" near a year, I could not get any part thereof; neither 
" can I get little money in any towns without distraining, 
" and into many towns my men dare not enter to distraia 
" for fear of being killed ; some of my best bailiffs have 
" forsaken me, and will not meddle any more in that 
" service. If you think fit, I pray you acquaint his 
" Majesty and the Board with these impediments." A 
like resistance was offered to the tax in Buckingham 
(see p. 392, Jan. 31,) and other counties, although perhaps 
not quite so vehemently as in Northampton, where the 
popular party was exceptionally strong, and deeply em- 
bued with Puritanism, as the Eev. Humphry Bamsden 
appears to have found to his discomfort, for, writing to 
the Dean of the Arches, Sir John Lambe, to defend him- 
self from the imputation of drunkenness, he thus speaks 
(see p. 586, No. 163.) of his late flock :— 

" I pray you have a ' special ' care of your choice if you 
" employ any in Northampton herein, for they are so 
" feathered on a wing that such are difi&cult to be found 



XXvi PREFACE. 

" who will truly inform without partiality. * * * I 
" only show you a nest of Puritans ; if you can haply 
" catch them before they fly, and I hope well, if you light 
" rightly on them, you will not be backward to reduce 
" them to some better conformity, since it is in your 
" power to do it, which is the utmost of my desire. Thus 
" beseeching your worship to pardon abundantly my pre- 
" sumptuous boldness, praying God Almighty to continue 
" you long and all other powerful instruments of his 
" glory in his church, to defend it from malignant re- 
" fractory spirits who disturb the peace thereof." 

But perhaps the most marked symptom of the influence 
which the Scottish dispute was exercising in England was 
the greater freedom with which the measures of govern- 
ment began to be discussed ; and unfortunately the King 
appears to have given at this time only too well-founded 
grounds of complaint. Even those in high place spoke in 
no dubious terms of the new legal appointments, which 
since the decision of the judges against Hampden began 
to be watched with much stricter attention. On the 27th 
of March we find the Lord Admiral's private secretary 
thus writing (see p. 619, No. 61,) to Sk John Pennington, 
then in command of the Channel Eleet : — 

" Since my last unto you his Majesty has made a Lord 
" Chief Justice at Chester, to wit, one Sergeant Millard, 
" a man of whom the world took little notice before, and 
" they say he came in gratis, which I should much 
" wonder at in this age, the rather because I am credibly 
" informed there was 5,000/. offered for the place by one 
" who it seems intended to be an upright judge." 

On the very next day, March 28, (see p. 622,) a still 
more cutting satire is levelled against the legal appoint- 
ments, by George Garrard, who informs Viscount Conway, 



PREFACE. xxvii 

that « The Master of the EoUs [Sir Dudley Digges] is 

" dead, a man unthought of, and a very ass is [now] 

" Master of the Eolls, Sir Charles Csesar, a doctor of the 

" civil law, son of Sir Julius. He was the very anvil on 

" which doctors of law of his society played, and was 

" jeered by them all, and I believe the common lawyers 

" wiU quickly find him, and not spare him one whit. Sir 

" Edward Leech was to give 13,000^. for the place, 

" 1,0001. presently, and 6,0001. in May. It passed the 

" King's hand for him, and was left with the Lord 

" Treasurer until he paid in the money, which stop raised 

" new competitors; Su' Thos. Hatton, from my Lady 

" Hatton, offered her house presently to the King, and 

" money to boot, so he might be Master of the Rolls ; my 

" Lord Pinch would have had it, and would have brought 

" in a sergeant, one Reeves, who should have given 

" 14,000^. for his place in the Common Pleas, that would. 

" not take neither, yet that Reeves is made judge in that 

" Court in [Sir Richard] Hutton's place, who is dead ; Sir 

" Ralph Freeman also offered fair ; but this woodcock, 

" Sir Charles Caesar, has outbid them all, 15,000?., whereof 

" 10,000/. presently to go along to York, so God give him 

" joy of his place." We learn from a news letter of the 

1st April, which will be calendared in the next volume, 

that " Sir Charles Csesar borrowed that 10,000Z. on Tues- 

" day the last week out of the stock of money which is 

" to repair St. Paul's, which he paid in that day, and is 

" to repay it back to St.. Paul's within ten days after." 

An illustration of life in London is supplied us by Vis- 
count Conway's faithful correspondent Garrard (see p. 621, 
No. 65, March 28). " Charles Cotton being drunk, would 
" one evening in Elect Street have taken a gentlewoman 
" from Sir John Hunt, » * * and pushed her to go 



xxviii PREFACE. 

" into the Mitre Tavern, upon which grew a present 
" quarrel; they both drew, Sir John Hunt was hurt in 
" the belly, but it missed his guts, so that he escaped 
" death. Mr. Cotton fled for a time, but Hunt recover- 
" ing he came back, and all is well betwixt them." 

In a presumed letter from a fashionable lady. Madam 
Ann Merrick, to fair Mrs. LydaU, we have (see p. 342, 
No. 167,) further sketches of London hfe. The writer 
prays Mrs. Lydall to entreat her ladyship to come up to 
town " in Hyde Park time." The fear of war with the 
Scots does not a little trouble her, lest all the young 
gallants should go for soldiers, and the ladies should want 
servants to accompany them " to that place of pleasure, 
which both of us so zealously affect." The writer also 
longs to see " those Prench ladies, Madame Mornay and 
" Madame Darcy," and "those new stars of our English 
" Court, Mrs. Harrison and Mrs. Vaughan." Among 
the numerous interesting biographical notices contaiaed 
in this volume is the foUowitig mention of the accouche- 
ment of the Queen Henrietta Maria. " On Sunday morn- 
" ing last [Jan. 20] (see p. 362) her Majesty was brought 
" in bed of a daughter, who Mved to be christened 
" Princess Katheriae, and then died. This child is said 
„ to have gone nearer to the Queen than ever any yet 
" did ; but she is indifferently well." 

The King's appreciation of art is universally acknow- 
ledged; and scattered through the present volume are 
several instances of his munificence towards its professors, 
one of which attracts particular notice (see p. 603), the 
receipt of Lionel Wake for a chain of gold weighing 
82| ounces, delivered by Endymion Porter, on his 
Majesty's behalf, to be conveyed to Sir Peter Paul 
Rubens, as bestowed by his Majesty; but it is not 



PREFACE. xxix 

SO generally known that Queen Henrietta Maria paid 
for many of those admirable masterpieces wMch still 
adorn our galleries. At page 196, No. 4, will be found 
a notice of a list of pictures painted by Sir Antonio 
Vandyke, which would appear to be in the handwriting 
of the great paiater himself. There are 24 entries in 
all, principally portraits of the King, Queen, and royal 
children, with the value set on each by the artist himself. 
By the underwritten memorandum of Endymion Porter, 
we are ioformed that the account was "rated" by the 
King, and that he marked with a cross those pictures 
which the Queen was to pay for. The unsparing reduc- 
tions made in the charges of the artist by the hand of the 
King " are more stringent than could have been antici- 
pated," says Dr. Carpenter,* " from a monarch so liberal 
in his encouragement of the arts." In the first payment 
made to Vandyke, by the crown, in 1632, the charge 
was 201. for a half length, and 251. for a whole length 
portrait, which is about equivalent to 80^. and 100/. at 
this time. In the present account his charge is increased 
to SOI. for a haK length and to 601. for a whole length. 
These the King reduces to 261. and 40Z. A stUl larger 
reduction is made in the price of the picture described as 
" Le Eoi a la ciasse," which was valued by the painter at 
200?., and reduced by the'King one half. Dr. Carpenter 
imagines this to be the portrait of Charles I., now in the 
Louvre, a duplicate of which is in the possession of the 
Duke of Grafton, where Charles is represented standing be- 
side his horse, leaning on his cane, attended by an equerry 
and a page. If the conjecture be correct, Dr. Carpenter 

* "Pictorial Notices of Vandyke," p. 66, where the document is 
printed in full. 



XXX PEEFACE. 

thinks the price placed against it by the King, 100^,, is 
somewhat unequal to the merit of the picture, which is 
one of the finest by the hand of the artist. It was pur- 
chased for Madame du Barri in 1770 for 24,000 francs, 
960Z., and was valued by the experts of the Musee in 1816 
at 100,000 francs, 4,000Z. Vandyke was paid 100^. in 
1632 for the group of Charles and his Queen, together 
with Prince Charles and the Princess Mary, when infants, 
and in this account we find a similar group of the royal 
children, including Prince Charles, the Princesses Mary, 
Elizabeth, and Ann, valued by the artist at 200^., reduced 
by the King to 1001. This picture is now in the Vandyke 
room in Windsor Castle. It has the painter's name on 
it, and the date, 1637. In this list is another picture 
of distinctive character, described as " tine piece pour la 
maison a Green-Witz," priced by the King at 100^. Also 
one described as " Le dessein de Roy et tous les Chevaliers," 
unpriced, but now in the collection of the Duke of Rutland 
at Belvoir Castle. 

One of the pictures to be paid for by the Queen was a 
portrait of her Majesty dressed in blue, and valued by Van- 
dyke at 601., given to the Earl of Holland, who is written 
" Conte d'Ollande," a curious example of cockneyism for 
a native of Antwerp. The total sum payable by the King 
for 16 pictures was 608?. ; equivalent to 2,412?. at present. 
This account appears to have been delivered in towards 
the end of 1638, and is therefore placed amongst the un- 
dated papers of that year, although its exact date must 
have been sometime previous to the 13th of December, 
for at p. 165 occurs a docquet of a warrant to pay to 
Vandyke 603?. for pictures, and also 1,000?., arrears of 
his pension of 200?. per annum. By the order books of 
the Pell Office of the Receipt of Exchequer, we have 



PREFACE. xxxi 

evidence that the 603^. was paid on the 12th March 1638-9, 
but there is no entry made ia those books prior to the 
death of Vandyke of the payment of the arrears of his 
pension, which must therefore be supposed to have been 
ultimately lost. The nine pictures to be paid for by the 
Queen, and valued by the artist at 380^., her Majesty 
appears to have " rated " at 305^. ; that is, if we suppose, 
with Dr. Carpenter, that the docquet of a warrant to 
the Exchequer for payment of S051. to Sir Anthony 
Vandyke for pictures " for his Majesty's use " has 
reference to the above. It should be noted, however, 
that the pictures ia this warrant are described as "for 
his Majesty's use ;" whereas it is to be supposed that the 
Queen paid for those ordered by her out of her separate 
revenue. And we accordingly find another entry, at p. 196, 
No. 5, of 3,000Z. to be paid by the Treasurer of the Chamber, 
including sums " due to players to her Majesty, for making 
pictures for her Majesty, to apothecaries and others," 
which it would seem more likely included the sums to be 
paid to Vandyke. By the docquet of a warrant, of the 
date 25th February 1638-9, we are made acquainted with 
the fact that the large sum of 2,158/. 13s., equivalent to 
8,634^. 10*., was paid to John de Oritz, his Majesty's 
Serjeant paiater, without accompt, but for what service 
does not appear. The mention of players naturally 
introduces the subject of theatres. There were already 
several theatres in London, but these apparently were 
not adequate to the increasing love of dramatic enter- 
tainment, for at p. 604 we find mention of a licence 
granted to WUHam Davenant, afterwards the famous 
Sir WUliam, for the erection of a playhouse in a place 
near Fleet Street, to be assigned by the Commissioners 
for Buildings. It wiU be remembered that Davenant 



XXxii PREFACE. 

was born in 1605 at Oxford, where Ms father kept an inn, 
occasionally frequented by Shakespeare, who according to 
tradition used to take young " "William " on his knee when 
he came in from attending his class at the grammar school 
in Oxford. Prom school he went to Lincoln College, and 
on leaving the university became page to the Duchess of 
Richmond. He subsequently served Sir Eulke Greville, 
Lord Brooke, on whose murder, in 1628, he had recourse 
to the stage, his first play being the tragedy of Albovine, 
King of the Lombards. On the death of Ben Jonson he 
was appoiated Poet Laureate, but in 1638, as would 
appear from a document calendared in the preceding 
volume of Domestic Correspondence (see p. 359), he was 
in danger of his life for the manslaughter of a man named 
Warren, a tapster or ostler. This man having offered " a 
sudden, causeless, and intolerable provocation," received 
" a small hurt by Davenant," which would have been of 
no damage had he not neglected the wound, " and so was 
the cause of his own death." " By the importunity of 
" friends, in the absence of the said Davenant, and with- 
" out having any testimony on his part," as stated by his 
wife, Mary Davenant, in her petition to the King, " the 
" coroner's inquest found the said offence within the 
" statute of the late Kiag. Afterwards, King Charles, at 
" the instance of his nephew. Prince Charles, Elector 
" Palatine, granted letters of transportation on behalf of 
" the said Davenant, which letters extend only to the 
" safety of Davenant's life, his lands being held of some 
*' mesne lords, who endeavour to prosecute him to out- 
" lawry, to the ruin of petitioner and posterity. She 
" prays the King, her husband being still absent, to give 
" a warrant for his pardon." By an underwritten minute, 
dated Whitehall, 12th April 1638, the King signifies his 



PEEFACE. xxxiii 

pleasTire to pardon Darenant for Ms life, lands, and goods, 
and the Attorney General is ordered to prepare a bill for 
signature. In the following year, 1639, Davenant became 
governor of the royal company acting at the Cockpit ia 
Drury Lane, and ia the same year obtaiaed licence to build 
his new theatre in a place near Meet Street (see p. 604). 
The Civil War soon blighted his prospects, by putting 
down all theatres, and he went over to the Continent, but 
soon after returned, and was made a lieutenant general, 
under the Duke of Newcastle, when he also received the 
honour of knighthood. It is not requisite for our purpose 
to follow his fortunes further during the Civil War, but it 
shows how deeply his early dramatic impressions must 
have been rooted, when we find him, after the Restoration, 
obtaining from King Charles II. a patent for a theatre 
in LincoLa's-Inn-Pields, and another for one in Dorset 
Gardens. (See Dom. Cal. Oar. II., 1660, July 19.) 

Viscount Conway's correspondent, Garrard (see p. 622), 
furnishes us with some gossippiag news of the upper ten 
thousand. " The devil and all of marriages we have 
" going on here. This Thursday, Lord Herbert marries 
" the widow Banning [Viscountess Bayning] ; nay he, his 
" father, and the brokers for the marriage, visited her four 
" days before my Lady Katherine Percy died ; though 
" both the Lord Chamberlain and Powis damned himself 
" to the pit of hell there was no intention, much less a 
" treaty of marriage betwixt them, even to my Lord 
" Admiral himself. But my Lord Admiral hearing of it, 
" to show how little he believed their words, sent Smith 
" with my Lord Philip's picture and a small diamond ring 
" he had formerly given her to the Chamberlain, who was 
" much surprised with the bringing of them, but there 
" he left them. His son doth not only marry the widow, 

c 2 



XXxiv PREFACE. 

" but they will swallow the whole Banning estate, for 
" Lord Carnarvon's son shall marry one of the daughters, 
" and one of the Chamberlain's younger sons have the 
" other. My Lord of Cranborne is also within this 
" week to be married, but not to my Lady Dorothy, 
" but to one who is not worthy to wipe her shoes, a 
" younger daughter of James Maxwell, with whom he 
" gives presently 18,000Z., 4,000Z. in jewels, 800Z. a year 
" in land ia England, and half his Scottish land, [or] 
" the whole if my Lord William Hamilton's lady dies 
" without issue ; a great portion ! But I hate marriages 
" made for money," continues our correspondent, "and 
" they have lost their reputation, both son and father, 
" for this high avariciousness." 

Edmund Rossingham, writing to Viscount Conway (see 
p. 453, No. 101, Eeh. 12), thus relates the particulars of 
another courtship : — " Lady Salisbury jeers all of us who 
" wished Lady Dorothy to be Countess of Devonshire, for 
" last Thursday, with much adoe, God wots, the Lord of 
" Devonshire declared himself a suitor to Lady Elizabeth. 
" The old Countess, his mother, weeps, and takes on 
" that the world might believe she was against it, but 
" she may weep her eyes out before any reasonable 
" creature will believe so much HI of her son as his 
" undutifuhaess to his mother m. the business of liis 
" matrimony which she has so much laid to heart. I 
" do not hear he has been yet at Salisbury House; his 
" wooing hitherto has been like himself, a great priace, by 
" proxy. God give them much joy." 

The marriage of the Lady Dorothy Sidney, daughter of 
the Earl of Leicester, with Lord Spencer introduces us 
to a rare literary gem, namely, an unpublished poem by 
the poet Waller, in his own handwriting. This Lady 



PREFACE. XXXV 

Dorotliy was the Saccharissa and Dorothea to whom so 
many charming stanzas were addressed by the same poet 
while pressing his unrequited suit. The poem consists 
of 42 lines, and is calendared under date March 2, 1638-9, 
(see p. 530, No. 19,) but as no calendar notice can 
faithfully embody the context of a love sonnet, the reader 
will natm'ally expect to find it here. 

" Whatt's shee ? So late from Penshursfc come, 
More gorgeous then the mid- day sunne, 

That all the world amazes.* 
Sure, 'tis some angell [fr]om aboue, 
Or 'tis the Cyprian Queene ofl" Loue, 

Attended by the [gra]ces. 
Or is't nott Juno, H[ea]ven's great Dame, 
Or Pallas arm'd, as [whe]n shee came 

To assist the G[r]eekes in fight, 
Or Cinthia, that Huntresse bold, 
Or from old Tithon's bedd so cold, 

Aurora chasing night. 
No : none of those, yett one that shall 
Compare, perhapps exceed them all 

For beuty, witt, and birth : 
As good, as great, and chast as faire, 
A brighter nymph none breath's the aire 

Or tredds uppon y^ Earth. 
'Tis Doroth^e, a maid high borne. 
And louely as y'' blu[shin]g morne. 

Off noble Sidne[y's] race. 
Oh ! could you see into [her] mind. 
The beutiesf theref ■wo[uld far] out-shine 

The beuties off h[er] face. 
Faire Dorothea s[en]t from Heauen 
To add more wonders§ [to] the Seeven 



* Originally " amases." 

I Originally " graces." 

J Originally " there shutt up." 

§ Commenced to be written " glo[rie9j." 



xxxvi PEEFACE 

And glad each ey and ea[re]. 
Crowne off her sex, the Muses' port. 
The glory off our English Court, 
, The brightnesse off our speere* 
To weUcome her, the Spring breath's forth 
Elisian sweets ; March strews the Earth 

"\\rth violetts and posies, 
The Sunne renews his [fa]inting fires, 
Aprill putts on her be[st] attires. 

And May her crown off Koses. 
Go happie maide, increase the store 
Of Graces borne wtl» you [the] more. 

Add to their nomber [st]ill ; 
So neither all-consuming age. 
Nor envies blast nor fortunes rage, 

Shall ever work you iU. 
" Intended to her Lapf att her coming to London. March ye 2, 
1638[-9]." 

The above may be. accepted as the literal text, but it 
does not supply the place of tbe original document, 
wMcb wlII well repay a perusal. Altliougb not signed 
by "Waller, tbere can scarcely be a doubt as to tbe writing, 
wbicb the internal evidence of the document proves to be 
that of the author, from the nature and manner of the 
corrections, not less than from a comparison of the hand 
with the few other fragments extant, consisting only 
of a few words. In an old black-letter copy of Chaucer 
(ed. 1561), sold by Mr. Pickering in 1836, and engraved in 
the annotated edition of the English poets by Robert Bell, 
1854, are the signature of the poet, and of his wife or 
mother, Ann Waller, with the date 1649, and inside the 
second cover of the book are several inscriptions in prose 
and verse, almost illegibly scrawled, but amongst them 

* For " spheere." 
t Ladyship. 



PREFACE. xxxvii 

may be deciphered the following notice, with the signature 
obliterated : " The noble Chaucer writt in praies of women, 
" and to set forth his witt, it is a pattern of poetrie for 
" all men to learn bye, and shall be kept for eternitie." 
The hand in which the poem on the marriage of the 
Lady Dorothy is written in its general style closely ap- 
proaches to the fine Italian hand of the time, and is 
the same as that in the copy of Chaucer ; although the 
latter much more deserved the censure of Aubrey, who 
compares the poet's hand " to the scratching of a hen." 
How this poem came into the Public Record OflS.ce is 
readily explained, by the fact that it was one of the 
Conway papers restored in August 1857 by the late 
Et. Honble. J. W. Croker to the custody of the Master 
of the Rolls. But whether it were originally one of the 
papers left by will of Sir Henry Wotton to Charles I., 
to be preserved in " his paper ofiice," or were preserved 
amongst the private papers of the Conway family, there is 
now no means of determining, for "Waller was a poet in his 
own day not "unknown to fame." 

It is more than probable, however, that this rough draft 
of his poem on the marriage of the Lady Dorothy may 
have been seized amongst his private papers on the occasion 
of his arraignment for " "Waller's Plot " against the Parha- 
ment, and so may have come into the possession of the 
Government, and been preserved amongst the Conway 
papers. 

A few brief particulars of the eventful and chequered 
life of the poet may help to illustrate the history of this 
document. "We are told by his biographers that he was 
bom the 3rd of March 1605, at Coleshill House, in 
Buckinghamshire, where still stands the old oak, now 
35 feet round, under which he is said to have written 



xxxviii PEEFACE. 

some of his earlier poems. He was tlie son of E-ohert 
Waller, and a nephew of John Hampden, the. stannch 
opponent of ship-money, Waller's father having married a 
sister of Hampden. He received a liberal education at 
Eton, from whence he went to Kiag's College, Cambridge. 
At the age of 23 he married a rich heiress, who died soon 
after, and left him an iafant daughter. Prom his epitaph, 
printed iu Sir Thos. Hardy's preface to the Syllabus 
of Rymer's Foedera {see p. cxv.), we further learn that 
this lady was Anne, only daughter and heiress of Edward 
Banks, and that Waller had two children by her. After 
her death, Waller paid his addresses to Lady Dorothea 
Sidney, the subject of this poem, who, marrying Henry 
Lord Spencer, third Baron Spencer of Wormleighton, 
subsequently became the Countess of Sunderland. 

On the occasion of this happy event,* Waller penned 
the following pithy epistle to her ladyhip's sister. Lady 
Lucy Sidney, who seems to have lost a bedfellow at the 
same time that Lord Spencer gained a wife. 

" Madam, 

" In this common joy at Penshurst I know none to whom 
complaints may come less unseasonable than to your Ladyship, the 
loss of a bedfellow being almost equal to that of a mistress ; and 
therefore you ought at least to pardon, if you consent not to, the 
imprecations of the deserted, which just heaven, no doubt, will 
hear ! 

" May my Lady Dorothy (if we may yet call her so) suffer as 
much and have the like passion for this young Lord whom she . 
has preferred to the rest of mankind as others have had for her ! 
And may this love, before the year go about, make her taste of the 
first curse impos'd on womankind — the pains of becoming a 
mother ! May her first-born be none of her own sex ! nor so like 
her, but that he may resemble her lord as much as herself I May 



They were married at Penshurst, July IJ, 1639. 



PEEFACE, Xxxix 

she, that always affected silence and retiredness, have the house 
filled with the noise and number of her children, and hereafter of 
her grandchildren ! and then, may she arrive at that great curse so 
much declined by fair ladies — old age ! May she live to be very 
old, and yet seem young ; be told so by her glass, and have no 
aches to inform her of the truth I And when she shall appear to 
be mortal, may her lord not mourn for her, but go hand in hand 
with her to that place where we are told there is neither marrying 
nor giving in marriage ; that being there divorced, we may all have 
an equal interest in her again! My revenge being immortal, I 
wish all this may also befall their posterity to the world's end and 
afterwards ! 

" To you, Madam, I wish all good things ; that this loss may in 
good time be happily supplied with a more constant bedfellow 
of the other sex. Madam, I humbly kiss your hands, and beg 
pardon for this trouble. 

" From your Ladyship's most humble servant, 
" Edm. Waller." 

Thwarted in his matrimonial amhition. Waller espoused 
a lady of the name of Mary Bresse (Maria ex Bressyorum 
familia), by whom he had 13 children, five sons and 
eight daughters. He was, at an early age, chosen to 
represent Amersham, his native place, and sat in several 
Parliaments of James I. and Charles I., and in the Short 
and Long Parliaments of 1640. He was one of the 
Parliamentary Commissioners in the Treaty of Oxford, 
1643, and in May of the same year was engaged in 
" Waller's Plot " against the Parliament, for which he was 
sent to the Tower and condemned to death, but sub- 
sequently reprieved, and fined 10,000^ After his release 
he retired into Prance, but returned in 1653, and resumed 
his political career, sitting as Member in several Parlia- 
ments under Charles II. and James II. He died on the 
21st October 1687, at the ripe age of 82. A good portrait 
of him on canvas, 29 X 24 inches, is in the possession of 

d 



xl PREFACE. 

Mr. Andrew Pountaine, and his epitaph thus records his 
merits as a poet : — 

" Edmundi Waller hie jacet id quantum morti cessit ; 

Qui inter Poetas sui temporis facile princeps, 

Lauream quam meruit adolescens, 

Octogenarius baud abdicavit, 

Huic debet patria lingua, quod credas. 

Si Gr^ce, Latinfeque, intermitterent Musse 

Loqui, amarent Anglicfe." 

In a previous Tolume of the Domestic Calendar {see 
Aug. 1637, p. 398, No. 79) occurs a notice relative to 
Beaconsfleld Church, taken during an ecclesiastical visi- 
tation of the churches of Buckinghamshire, made in July 
of that year. Erom this it would appear that there were 
two gentlemen bearing the name of Edmund Waller then 
resident in that parish, one distinguished as Mr. Edmtmd 
Waller of the town, and the other of Gregories. 

The report goes on to state, that " four seats on the 
" north' side of the middle aisle of Beaconsfleld Church 
" were too high, viz., Mr. George GosneU's, Mr. Edmund 
" Waller's of the town, and his wife's seats. The four 
" seats on the north side of the chancel, viz., the parson's 
" wife's seat and their servants' two seats, Mr. Edmund 
" Waller's of Gregories, all of them to be taken down to 
" the notch; and the three seats on the north side of 
" them, wherein. Mr. Waller, with other of his friends, to 
" be made equal with the rest. « * * Also the back 
" of Mrs. Waller's seat, on the north side aforesaid, to be 
" taken a handful lower." Erom the same notes we learn 
that similar alterations were ordered to bo made in the 
parish church of Horton, also in Buckinghamshire, to 
which village it will be remembered the poet Milton's 
father retired from his business in Bread Street, so that 
the two great contemporary poets, Milton and Waller, 
were then neighbours, and Milton's seat, like Waller's, fell 



PREFACE. xli 

under the condemnation of the archdeacon or other 
visitor, as being probably an inch or two above the 
regulation height. Of the lady who forms the heroine 
of the poem we have no further particulars in this 
volume, nor is it needful to sketch her biography at 
length; suffice it to observe that her first husband 
was created Earl of Sunderland in 1643, and was 
killed the same year at the battle of Newbury. She 
afterwards married E-ichard Smythe of Bounds, Kent, 
whom she survived, and was buried at Brington, in 
Northamptonshire, 1684. A half-length portrait of her 
by Vandyck, which she is said to have presented herself 
to Waller, is preserved at Hall Barn, in the possession of 
the Earl of Bradford, and another portrait in that of the 
Earl Spencer. The portrait at Windsor, popularly sup- 
posed to be that of Saccharissa, is of another Countess 
of Sunderland, daughter of George Lord Digby, and 
daughter-in-law to Lady Dorothea. 

These prefatory notes do not by any means exhaust the 
fund of biographical information in this volume, which is 
is replete with the most stixriag incidents of men and 
manners, to which a clue will be readily discovered by 
reference to the Index. I have, in that and throughout 
the work, endeavoured to adhere closely to the model set 
by my able predecessor, the late Mr. John Bruce, whose 
loss is by no one more deeply felt and lamented than by 
the continuator of his labours. 

In conclusion, it is my pleasing duty to acknowledge 
the valued services of Mr. Lowson, who, throughout the 
preceding volumes, had assisted Mr. Bruce and myself. 

Wm. Douglas Hamilton. 
25th March 1871. 



DOMESTIC PAPERS. 



CHAELES I. 



1638. 
Sept. 1. 

Sept. 1. 



Sept. 2. 
Oatlands. 



Sept. 2. 

Oatlands. 



Sept. 2. 
Oatlands. 



Sept. 2. 
Oatlands. 



Vol. CCCXCVIII. September 1-23, 1638. 

1. Sir William Russell's account of sliip-money for 1G37. Total 
received 125,165^. 9s. Id. ; in arrear 71,248^. 18s. 7d. [1 p.] 

2. Account of ship-money for 1037 levied and remaining in the 
hands of the sheriffs ; total 4,844^., making, with the 12o,lQol. paid 
to Sir William Russell, 130,009Z. collected. [I p.] 

3. Order of the King in Council. Upon reading petition of Sir 
Popham Southcot concerning making hard soap in the western 
counties, and touching a proclamation which he desired for well 
ordering the same, it wa« ordered, that Sir Popham should attend 
the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington with his petition and the 
draft of the proclamation, which they were to consider, and make 
report to the Board. [Draft. \ _p.] 

4. The like. Return having been made by the mayor of Windsor 
that certain persons refuse to pay ship-money, and that they living 
within the Castle of Windsor the collectors have no power to distrain, 
it was ordered, that the Earl of Holland, constable of the castle, 
should cause assistance to be given in distraining. The persons 
named were Mr. Elraes, Mrs. Home, Mrs. Osborne, and Mr. Newberry, 
each assessed at IZ., and Mr. Eveley at 10s. [Draft, f^.] 

5. The Council to the Lords Lieutenants and Justices of Peace 
for Surrey and to tlie Commissioners of Sewers near Richmond. His 
Majesty having taken notice of the great nuisance received from the 
water falling down from the hill and part of the streets at Richmond, 
and settling upon the green before the Prince's house, to the great 
danger to the health of the royal children and inhabitants, we 
require you to cause the same nuisance to be amended by causing 
the drains to be scoured, or new drains cut towards the Thames or 
other way, as likewise to take order for the pitching or pavage of 
the streets there, usually lying foul. [Draft. 1 ^.] 

6. Order of Council. His Majesty and the Lords taking into con- 
sideration the great annoyance given to his Majesty's house at 



13. 



/ 



A 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Sept. 2. 
Oatlands. 



Sept. 2. 
Oatlands. 



Sept. 2. 

Sept. 2. 

Sept. 2. 
Sept. 2. 

Sept. 2. 
Sept. 2. 
Sept. 2. 



Sept. 2. 
Oatlands, 



Vol. CCCXCVin. 

Whitehall, by reason of the sewers running down to the same, it 
was ordered that Mr. Meautys, clerk of the Council, shall call on 
the Commissioners of Sewers forthwith to take effectual order for 
removing the said annoyance, and that he shall likewise call on the 
Commissioners appointed for removing the like annoyance given to 
the Prince's house at Richmond, and from time to time til] the 
several annoyances be amended. \_Draft. \ 'p.\ 

7. Order of the King in Council. The names of certain persons 
underwritten being returned by the sheriff of Surrey as refractory 
or neglectful in paying ship-money, and having no goods to distrain, 
it is ordered, that Matthew Butler, messenger of the chamber, shall 
give them warning to pay, or in default thereof in person to attend 
the Council on the 22nd instant, whereof no one to fail upon pain 
of being committed to the custody of a messenger, or suffering other 
punishment for their contempt as to the Lords shall seem meet. 
{^Underwritten are the naines of li persons, among whom is Paul 
Glapham, vicar of Farnham,, assessed at 11. 5s. Draft. 1^ p.] 

8. The Council to Henry Kyme, messenger. To bring Nathaniel 
Fox, starchmaker, and Edward Eales [Ellis], constable of- Hogsden 
[Hoxton], Middlesex, before the Lords. [Minute. J p.] 

The like to Thomas "Water worth. To bring William Taylor, of 
Windsor. [ Written upon the same paper as the preceding. Minute. 
2 lines^ 

The like to Robert Taverner. To fetch up Henry Aylope [Aylet ?] 
of Aythorp Roothing, and Thomas Wood, of Abbey [Abbots] Rooth- 
ing, Essex. \_Ibid. Mi/nute. 4 linesi] 

The like to Edmund Barker. To bring before the Lords John 
Girlington, of Girlington, co. York. \Ihid. Minute. 3 lines.] 

Close warrant for John Marley, mayor of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
Thomas Gray, vicar of Ponteland, Ralph Errington, of Bingfield, 
and Randolph Wallinger, of London. [Ibid. Minute afterwards 
cancelled. J p.] 

9. Draft entry for the Council Register of discharge of John 
Tilden, of the half-hundred of Wye, Kent. [3 lines.] 

10. Similar entry of appearance of Thomas Spencer, of West Ham, 
Essex, to remain in custody until discharged. {Draft, i p.] 

11. Notes by Nicholas, taken at meetings of the Council held 
during the present month of September. The days to which these 
notes refer are the 2nd, 9th, 16th, 23rd, 29th, and 30th, on all which 
occasions the King appears to have been present. Many of the 
matters noticed will appear in other entries in the Calendar. 
[37 Pi).] 

Order of Lord Treasurer Juxon, Sir Henry Vane, and Sec. Coke, 
Lords Delegates for hearing appeals from the Court of Admiralty, 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



1638. Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

on petition of Lewis Dubois^ Francis and Manuel Ramiros Pina, 
Anthony Galle, and others, merchant-strangers, owners of goods in 
the Salvadore, taken by letters of marque granted to Gregory 
Clement, George South, and others. Petitioners showed that on 
their appeal from the sentence of the Court of Admiralty, the Lords 
inhibited further proceedings in the said court, and granted a mo- 
nition to the Registrar to transmit to the Lords Delegates all the 
proceedings. The Lords appointed to hear their cause on the 24th 
instant. [Copy. See Vol. cccliii., p. 109. -| p.] 

Sept. 2. Similar order on petition of DaAdd Hempson, Adrian Hendrix, 

Arent Dirickson, and others, merchant-strangers, owners of goods 
in the Salvadore, taken as above stated. [Copy. Ibid. ^ jp.] 

Sept. 3. 12. Vincent Corbett to Sir John Lambe. Desires the happiness 

Morton Corbett. of waiting Upon Sir John and his daughters (to one of whom he was 
suitor) in K orthamptonshire, before their going to London. 

Sept. 4. 13, Petition, of George Bagg to the King. Petitioner's father, 

Sir James Bagg, your Majesty's late servant, has left petitioner heir 
to a troubled estate, remediless in all but by being your Majesty's 
ward until June next. Hopes to be made capable of those offices com- 
mitted to his father and to friends in trust for petitioner, parti- 
cularly in those of captain of the fort and island near Plymouth and 
collector of the western imposts. [^ p.] 

Sept. 4. 14. AlgernonEarlof Northumberland to [Sir John Pennington]. I 

Sion House, have forborne saying anything to you upon the death of Mr. Edisbury 
until I had waited upon the King, fearing that he might have been 
engaged to somebody, but his Majesty has kept himself free until I 
came to him. I have besought him to give me a little time to 
present to him some names of the fittest men for the place of Sur- 
veyor of the Navy. My desire is to know whether you have any 
mind to this office ; if so, I will do my best to procure it for you. 
Let me know your resolution as soon as you can. P.S. — Send 
letter for Captain Hall. His Majesty commands the recall from the 
coast of Scotland of the two ships that are plying there ; you are 
therefore to send directions to Captain Fogg, and I wiU send over- 
land to Newcastle for him. [2 pp.j 

Sept. 4. 15. Thomas Smith to [the same]. His Lordship [the Earl 

Sion House, of Northumberland] has written about the surveyor's place. I 
will never invite you to accept so troublesome an employment, 
yet what you shall command me therein I will readily put in exe- 
cution. [Capt. Thomas] Lord, who commanded the blockhouse at 
Gravesend, is dead, and though the Duke [of Lenox] had got it for 
one of his followers, yet my Lord, and [at ?] his coming to court, 
prevailed with his Majesty to bestow it on Capt. Fletcher, alleging 
to his Majesty that if he conferred such places on any but his 
captains he would never be served by any deserving man. The 
victualler has promised to reform the bad beer and has order to 

A 2 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Sept. 4. 
Sept. 5. 



Sept. 6. 

" From my 

Littlton alle 

House." 



Sept. 6. 

Durham. 



Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

provide victuals for winter. His Lordship has received advertise- 
ment from Stradling and Fielding that they have found Polhill and 
Henley, and have taken from them the letters of reprisal. His 
Lordship has written to them to stay in those parts till the Whelp 
and pinnace come to them, and has sent them a copy of the in- 
structions received from you. You will shortly receive a warrant 
to transport the Chevalier St. Ravy and Mr. Henry Germain 
[Jermyn] to Dieppe. Marquis Hamilton is come, and is going 
again ; things go amiss. The Scots are as obstinate as ever. The 
moi-tality decreases not ; the country is worse than the city. Since 
the death of Mr. Edisbury, Mr. Ackworth, storekeeper of Woolwich, 
is dead. This day the Duchess of Buckingham leaves London for 
Ireland, Capt. Kettleby having warrant to carry her and lier husband 
over. [2 J pp.] 

16. Chandler's bill, July 23rd to this day, U. 4s. Qd. Oats 2s. 
to 2s. 3d., and beans 4s. to 5s., per bushel. [J p.] 

Warrant to the Lord Treasurer to order John Hooker, justice of 
peace for Westminster, to pay to Olive Reston, a poor woman, 401. 
out of money belonging to Thomas Leake, a Romish priest, who was 
burnt in his lodging in Queen Street, the like sum being owing to 
her by Leake by bond. By order of Council. [Docquet^ 

17. Frances Dowager Duchess of Richmond and Lenox to Sec. 
Windebank. The King has written many letters to the Emperor 
of Russia in behalf of Capt. Thomas Chamberlain, for recovery of his 
entertainment for service in those parts. Two years since the 
King wrote to the Emperor and the Patriarch that Capt. Chamber- 
lain might in Jieu of his debt have leave to transport out of Russia, 
for ready money, 100,000 quarters of wheat, which leave is granted, 
as my cousin George Rodney will shew you. Rodney having a 
great desire to travel to see these countries, desires to be recom- 
mended by the King in his negotiation. I would entreat you, 
therefore, to procure his letters immediately to be signed. " My 
father of London will thank you in my behalf." [^Seals with crests. 
I p.] 

18. Sir William Belasy, sheriff of co. Durham, to Nicholas. Accounts 
for his long silence as to the ship-mone}"" by distresses taken and suits 
by the refusers to pay brought at York, where, saving the delay, they 
have got no great encouragement. Upon like occasion, some brought 
suit in the Court of Pleas at Durham, and considering the Lords' letters 
made provision only for suits commenced at Westminster, the writer 
acquainted Judge Berkeley therewith, who has wrought so good 
effect that the writer hopes many will pay who otherwise would 
have stood out. And lastly, the coal owners refuse to pay their 
assessments, but wiU the officers to distrain their coals, which is a 
difficult business, because the writer does not know how to make sale 
of them, they being vented by the Tyne through the port of Newcastle, 
except by assistance of the mayor. Desires a letter to the mayor 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1538, Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

to stay coals distrained when they come into the port, and not suffer 
them to be vented. [ I p.] 

Sept. 6. 19. Certificate of Eoger Booth and Samuel Linell, constables of 
Kettering, eo. Northampton. They went with William Drewry and 
William Carter, collectors of ship-money, to the house of Francis 
Sawyer, of whom they demanded 16s. Id., and upon nonpayment 
distrained a horse. Sawyer, his wife, two men, and a maidservant 
came to the rescue of the animal distrained, and Drewry and Carter 
were violently assaulted, and together with Booth and Linell were 
driven off the premises. [I p.] 

Sept. 7. 20. Henry Jermyn to Sir John Pennington. Sends warrant from 

London. the Lord Admiral, affording to Sir William St. Ravy and the writer a 
passage in one of the King's ships. Prays Sir John that it may fall 
down to Rye, where they will be on Tuesday night. [1 p.J 

Sept. 7. 21 . William Dell to [Sir John Lambe]. Think not I neglect you, 

Croydon, though at every turn you abuse me. Your letters never come till 
Thursday, which day your carrier goes out of town, so that it is im- 
possible to answer the same week. Neither Mr. Lane nor his clerk 
came to my Lord, but it is all one, for his Majesty hath bestowed 
the living upon Mr. Levingston, a Scotchman, but one who never 
swore the covenant. He has been long time chaplain to the Duke 
of Lenox, and had a grant of his Majesty's title to a benefice in 
Norfolk, which he prosecuted at his own charge a good while, but 
the Earl of Arundel's title carried it. I hope you will find him a 
very honest man, and heartily wish there were no worse in Scotland, 
His Grace [Archbishop Laud] desires you to perfect the list of the 
clergy's arms, and offer it to the Lord Lieutenant, in the assessing 
whereof he doubts not of your care and moderation. For your 
tympany, I have nothing to say but that his Grace refers you to 
your man-midwife you mention, and if you are weary of your trouble- 
some swimming like an elephant, you may wade like yourself; it is 
but following the counsel once given " to Renard " in the like case. 
P.S. — The Queen of France for certain is brought to bed of a dolphin, 
a strange thing, yet I wish your " grossesse" as good success. You 
need not doubt of my thinking of a new wife in haste ; I rather 
think of my winding sheet this sickly time, or of joining myself to 
your friend Dr. Barkham, who, good man, valedixit seculo, and is 
lately turned hermit in Norwood, not far off. [1 p,] 

Sept. 7. 22. Report, attributed in the endorsement to L.C. and E.M., who 

Newcastle-upon- had been required to peruse certain extracts and other particulars 
^"®' delivered by the Merchant Adventurers of London to the Merchant 
Adventurers of Newcastle, and to report as to the information therein 
contained upon a point long in dispute between the two companies, as 
to whether the sum of 8Z., annually paid by those of Newcastle to those 
of London, freed those of Newcastle from other ordinary payments. 
The paper contains information respecting various extraordinary 
payments to which all members of the company were assessed " by 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



,.,„ Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

the poll"; ex. gr. for the triumph made by the company in 1537, 
for the hearty joy which they then conceived on the birth of Prince 
Edward ; in 1539 there was similar assessment for the entertainment 
of the Lady's Grace of Cleves, in the English house of Antwerp, 
whom King Henrj'' VIII. was pleased to take as his spouse and wife ; 
and in 1547 there was also a triumph on the entry of the Prince of 
Spain into Antwerp. The paper deals with the history of these two 
branches of the Merchants Adventurers Company, with respect to 
these payments from 1519 downwards. [2^ pp.J 

Sept. 8. 23. Algernon Earl of Northumberland and Sir John Bankes to 
the King. Eeport upon a reference on the 1st April last of a peti- 
tion of the Master and others of the Trinity House for relief to be 
raised for maimed seamen in merchandising voyages. We conceive 
it requisite for relief of seamen maimed and for poor women who 
have their husbands kiUed or lost in merchandizing voyages, and 
for poor shipwrecked men, that every owner and master of any 
ship trading out of the Thames (except the East Indiamen, who 
have a provision,) may, at their return home, collect and receive out 
of their wages, from the master 12d. per month, from the masters' 
mates, gunners, boatswain, carpenter, chirurgeon, and purser 6d. 
per month, and from the seamen 4c^. per month ; also for all ships 
trading to Newcastle and along the coast 12d. out of the master's 
wages and 6d. out of those of the seamen for every voyage. The 
money to be brought into the Trinity House, there to^ be kept and 
appropriated in manner herein set forth. [4 pp."] 

Sept. 8. 24. Copy of the preceding. [2^ pp.] 

Sept. 8. 25. Draft entry of appearance of Henry Aylet of Aythorp 
Eoothing, and Thomas Wood of Abbots Eoothing, Essex, sent for by 
warrant ; to remain in the messenger's custody until discharged. 

Sept. 8. 26. Peter Eicaut to Nicholas. According to the Lords' order of 
February 16th, made in behalf of the adventurers in the fishing of 
the Earl Marshal's Association, for making payment of the sums 
due upon "a leviation," I desire warrants to bring the under- 
mentioned persons before the Lords, to answer for their neglect. 
The persons mentioned are Edward Lord Vaux of Harrowdegi, Sir 
Anthony Irby, and nine others, [f p.] 

Sept. 8. 27. Account by Sir William Eussell of ship-money for 1637. 
Total received 125,81 61. 19s. Id., unpaid 70,597^. 8s. 7d. [=2 pp.] 

Sept. 8. 28. Account of ship-money for 1637 levied but remaining in the 
hands of the sheriffs, being 4,744?., making, with the sum paid to 
Sir William Eussell, the total collected 130,560?. [1 p.] 

Sept. 8. 29. Certificate of Thomas Atkin and Edward Eudge, sheriffs of 
Middlesex, that certain collectors of ship-money were very negligent 
in the collection, wherebj- 610?. lOs. remained unpaid, with the 
amount owing from each parish. [3 pp.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 
Sept. 8. 
Office of 
Ordnance. 



Sept. 8. 



Sept. 9. 

Oatlands. 



Sept. 9. 

Oatlands. 



Sept. 9. 

Oatlands. 



Sept. 9. 
Sept. 9. 



Sept. 9. 
Oatlands. 



Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

30. Officers of Ordnance to the Council. Certify the number of 
serviceable arms for horse and foot in store in the Tower. The 
munition and artillery designed for Hull are already embarked, and 
the six pieces of artillery to be provided upon the second order will 
be ready before Tuesday night. They have proportioned a 
horse for the draught of every 300 cwt. of ordnance and carriages, 
which will require 140 horses, besides 27 more for spare and block 
carriages, in all 167 horses. [1 J j5.] 

31. Certificate of William Drewry and William Carter, bailiffs of 
the sheriff of co. Northampton. State the particulars of the 
assault committed upon them by Francis Sawyer, his wife and his 
servants, whilst distraining for the ship-money, as already certified by 
Roger Booth and Samuel Linell. Underwritten are also examina- 
tions of Drewry and Carter, taken one on the 12th and the other on 
the 13th October 1638. [1 J p.} 

32. Order of the King in Council. Being put in mind by the 
Lord High Admiral of the great destruction of timber in all parts of 
the kingdom, and that no care is taken to preserve the same, it was 
ordered that the Lord Keeper give strict command to the Judges of 
Assize to see that the laws made for preservation of timber be put 
in execution. [^Draft. f p.] 

33. The Council to the Bailiffs of Shrewsbury. By your letter of 
25th of August you advertise that of the 376?. charged upon that 
town for ship-money you have given order to pay only 156?., so as 
there is in arrear 220?. His Majesty takes so ill your negligence in 
this service, that unless you pay in the arrear by the beginning of 
Michaelmas term you are to attend his Majesty and this board on 
the 20th of October, to answer your neglect. You may not excuse 
yourselves by laying blame on the collectors, for upon due com- 
plaint we shall be ready to punish them. Yourselves must appear 
in person more active, and by your forwardness give example to 
the officers employed by you. {Draft. 1 p.] 

34. The same to the Mayor of Hastings. 80?., parcel of the 
230?. ship-money assessed upon that port and members, yet re- 
mains unpaid. You are to pay in all arrears before the 29th 
September, or at that day attend the board to answer your neglect. 
[Draft, ip.-} 

35. Minute of pass from the Council for William Worthington 
to travel for three years, with proviso not to repair to Rome. 
[Draft, ip.} 

36. Another copy thereof, with underwritten memorandum, that 
by Henry Kyme, messenger, 40s. has been sent for Mr. Nicholas for 
this pass, and 10s. for his clerks. [Draft, f p.} 

37. Order of Council. Upon return by the mayor of St. Alban's 
of persons under named, who refuse to pay ship-money, and have no 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



1638. 



Sept. 9. 

Oatlands. 



Sept. 9. 



Sept. 9. 



Sept. 9. 



Sept. 9. 



Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

goods by -which they may be distrained, it is ordered, that the mayor 
shall employ some officer to repair to their abodes, and demand pay- 
ment, and ia default the mayor is to bind them over to answer at 
the board on the 22nd of September, and if any refixse to give bond 
the mayor to certify their names. [Braft. 1 p.] 

38. Order of Council. The sheriff of co. Hertford to assist the 
mayor of Hertford in levying ship-money on certain persons living 
without the liberties of the said borough. If the persons named 
deny payment, the sheriff is to bind them over to answer at the 
Council Board on the 23rd of this month, and if any refuse to 
give bond he is to certify their names. [^Draft. 1 p."] 

39. The Council to Edmond Davenport, messenger. To bring Tip 
Thomas Puttock, John Hill, William Edinbras of Hayes, Thomas 
Wigg, William Atley, and Matthew Nicholas of Hillingdon, Mid- 
dlesex, collectors [of ship-money]. [Draft. Minute. ^ p.\ 

The like to Thomas [Waterworth], messenger. To bring up 
Thomas Walter and John Elkin of Harrow-on-the-Hil], Jonah Hunt, 
and John Lisle of Paddington, Francis Hamond, Richard Nicholas, 
and John Hatch, of Pinner, Middlesex, collectors [of ship-money]. 
[The like. Written on the same paper as the preceding. 3 lin^es^ 

The like to Henry Kyme, messenger. To bring up Roger 
Best, Henry Herbert [Sherbert ?], of Bedfont, Samuel W[aller], Luke 
Ivory, and Robert Maynard of Ealing, and Richard Cutler of Finchley, 
Middlesex. \The like. 3 lines?^ 



The like to Hugh Peachy, messenger. To bring up William 
Nicholls and William Roming of Greenford and Perivale, W. Pulbery, 
Robert Rooke of Ratcliff, Thomas Taylor, and John Bugberd of 
Stanmore Magna, and Thomas Harrison of South Mimms, Middlesex, 
collectors [of ship-money]. [The like. 4 lines.'\ 

Sept. 9. The like to George Carter, messenger. . To bring up Thomas 
Goare and William Cheeke of Thames Ditton. [The like. 2 linesi] 

Sept. 9. The like to the same. To bring up William Bakehowse of 
Puttenham, Surrey. [The like. 2 lines.^ 

Sept. 9. 40. Order of the King in Council. Recites petition of the Trinity 
Oatlands. House and others that some settled course be taken for relief of 
seamen maimed, and for the widows of such as shall be killed or lost 
in merchandizing voyages, and for poor shipwrecked men, with the 
reference thereof on the 1st April last, and the certificate there- 
upon of the Lord High Admiral and the Attorney-General, calen- 
dared under date of the 8th inst.. No. 23. Which certificate 
being approved, was ordered to be put in execution, and the 
Attorney-General was required to draw up a proclamation in that 
behalf. [Draft. 1 jp.] 

Sept. 9. Copy thereof, [See Miscellaneous. Vol. xxi., p. 625. 4^ pp."] 



DOMESTIC-— CHARLES I. 9 



1638. 



Vol. CCCXCVIIL 



[Sept. 9 ?] 41. Consent, signed by Capt. "William Rainsborougb, and various 
other sea-fearing men, to the number of 155, to tlie payments re- 
commended by the Lord High Admiral and the Attorney-General, 
to be made out of their Avages, for the establishment of the Poor 
Seamen's ll\ind, to be administered by the ofEcers of the Trinity 
House. \_SMn of parchment.'] 

Sept. 9. 42. Draft minute for entry on the Council register of appearance 
of Nathaniel Fox and Edward Ellis, sent for by warrant at the com- 
plaint of the company of starchmakers. They are to remain in 
custody of the messenger until discharged. \_^ p.] 

Sept. 9. The like of William Taylor of Windsor, sent for by warrant, but 
on promise of conformity, and paying the ship-money, discharged. 
[^¥r^tten on the same paper as the preceding, i p.} 

Sept. 9. 43. The Council of War to Sir Robert Pye. To draw order, by 
virtue of privy- seal of 26th July last, for issuing to Sir JohnHeydon, 
Lieutenant of the Ordnance, 300?. upon account. l_Draft. ^ p.] 

Sept. 9. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 5. | p.] 

Sept. 10. 44. The Council to Edward Stockdell, messenger. To bring up 
Nicholas Compton, postmaster of Shaston, Dorset. [Braft. Minute. 

Sept. 10. 45. Rough note book by Nicholas of proceedings of the Council of 
War at their meetings held on this day, and on the 16 th, 17th, and 
24th inst., the 20th November, and 0th and 13th December 1638, 
and 12th and 14th Jan. 1638-9. [64 pp., oftddch 21 are blank'] 

Sept. 10. 46. Minutes of proceedings of the Council of War at their meeting 
Oailands. this day. Arms for 12,000 foot and 400 horse to be provided ; 
1,500 arms and 500 calivers, with powder and munition, to be sent 
to Newcastle, and instructions to be given by the Council to the 
mayor and the storekeeper respecting the sale thereof Similar 
instructions to be given to the mayor of Hull and the storekeeper 
there for wbat shall be sent to Hull. None to buy munition but 
such as bring certificate from a deputy lieutenant of Northumber- 
land. List of the arms and munition sent to Newcastle to be for- 
warded to Lord Clifibrd. Six pieces of iron ordnance to be sent to 
Newcastle. Mayors of Hull and Newcastle to be responsible for 
ordnance sent to those towns. The fort of Tynemouth to be slighted, 
and a fort made half a mile from the same. Master of the 
Ordnance to cause account to be given how soon they can make 
ready arms sufficient for 12,000 foot and 400 horse, witli an estimate. 
Fit persons to go with the arms to Hull and Newcastle. Proclama- 
tion to be made to prohibit the exportation of horses. The Earl 
Marshal and Lord High Admiral to consider of reinforcing the 
garrison at Holy Island, The Bishop of Durham to muster all his 
trained men, and to have them in readiness to assist the town of 



10 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 
Sept. 10. 
Sept. 10. 
Sept. 10. 



Vol. CCCXCVni. 

Newcastle. The president and council at York to muster the trained 
bands of that county. [Gopy. 3 pp.] 

Copy of the preceding as entered on the book of proceedings of 
the Council of War, which differs in some particulars from the 
preceding, \_8ee Vol. cccxcvi., pp. 5-9. 4;^ pp.] 

47. Another copy, with marginal memoranda of Nicholas, written 
some time subsequently, as to what had been done in the way of 
carrying out the several orders of the Council of War. [2| pp.J 

48. Order of the Council of War. The Officers of Ordnance to 
certify on Sunday next how soon they can complete the arms for 
12,000 foot and 400 horse, with an estimate of the charge. Six 
pieces of iron ordnance are to be forthwith embarked for Newcastle. 
[Copy. 



Sept. 10. 

Sept. 10. 

Sept. 10. 
Oatlands. 



Sept. 10. 

Oatlands. 



Sspt. 10. 

Kelmarsh. 



hP-l 



Another copy. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 9. J p."] 

49. Draft of the same, [f ^.J 

50. Order of Council. The Lords, by his Majesty's command, 
heard Sir John Heydon, Lieutenant of the Ordnance, and 
Mr. Wemys, master gunner of England, concerning a dwelling 
house and the artillery garden, where his Majesty's feed gunners 
and others practise to discharge ordnance. It appeared that 
the custody of the said garden is granted by letters patent to tlie 
Lieutenant of the Ordnance, notwithstanding it was testified by 
several ancient men that the said house and ground have for many 
years been enjoyed by the master gunners of England. The Lords 
referred the point of right to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cotting- 
ton, who are to call the Attorney General, and to certify his Majesty. 
In the meantime Sir John Heydon promised to deliver possession to 
Mr. Wemys, as in obedience to his Majesty's coromand, reserving 
still his right. [I)7'aft. 1 p.] 

The like of a Committee of the Council. Upon consideration of the 
proposition of Mr. Wemys, master gunner of EnglaBd, referred to 
them by the King, it was ordered that Mr. Wemys should make 
some practice of his proposition before the Master and officers of 
the Ordnance, and such others as the master should summon, his 
Lordship being prayed upon experience and practice thereof to 
make report of the same to this committee. [ Written upon the back 
of the preceding paper. Draft, f p.] 

51. Sir John Hanbury, Sheriff of co. Northampton, to Henry 
Earl of Manchester. Sets forth certain reasons why he has not been 
able to do his Majesty the service he bu,d desired in reference to the 
ship-money. The reasons were : sickness or himself and his servants ; 
poverty of the country by very great want of corn ; the plague 
being so great and so long in Northampton, the Qountry atUl allow- 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 11 



lg38_ Vol, CCCXCVIII. 

ing 148?. a week for relief of their sick ; the judges' arguments so 
long depending gave occasion to delay the payments ; and the manner 
of the tax laid upon the country the last year by Sir Robert Banister, 
by way of provision, had been a great hindrance. He had received 
about 2,0001., besides the sums payable by the corporations, which 
was near 5001. Proceeds as roundly with them as he can, having 
distrained the goods of about 200 men, and imprisoned some ; but 
the prison being in Northampton, where scarce any man dare adven- 
ture for fear of the infection, has also been a great hindrance to the 
service. The sergeant-at-arms came to him a month since, and has 
been with him at divers towns, so that it is taken notice of through 
the country, and he hopes will quicken them to make payment. 

Sept. 11. 52. Sir Henry Vane to [Lord Treasurer Juxon]. This last night, 
Oatlands. when his Majesty was going to bed, he sent for me, and commanded 
me to signify to you that you should cause to be delivered to 
Mons. St. Ravy 3001. for his journey into France. He is to bring 
over more deer, which is an aflFair which wiU neither admit delay 
nor dispute. I shall, this day, at my coming to Bagshot, cause 
Mr. Secretary to give warrant for a Privy Seal for the same, but 
his Majesty would not have him stay for that, but that you should 
cause the money to be paid him to-morrow, for that his Majesty has 
commanded him to use diligence. Your Lordship knows the business 
imports much. [Seal with avTus. 1 p.] 

Sept. 11. 53. Lord Treasurer Juxon to Sir Robert Pye. His Majesty's 
servant. Sir William St. Ravy, is immediately to transport himself 
into France, and is to be sooner furnished with 3001. than a Privy 
Seal can be obtained. You are to cause instant payment of the same, 
taking his acquittance. Underwritten, 

53. 1. Request \hy Sir Robert Fye] to pay 3001. upon this warrant. 

Sept. 11. 54. Sir John Pennington to Capt. John Mennes, Captain of the 

The St. Andrew Nonsuch. By order of the Lord Admiral, you are to carry in your 

in the Downs, gj^jp f^j. Chatham, and at Queenborough to give notice to the Officers 

of the Navy that a timely provision may be made for paying off 

your men. \_Seal with arms, f p.'] 

Sept. 11. 55. Charles Calthorpe to Edward Caxton. Letter principally on 
Edinburgh, mercantile affairs. It is reported the Marquis [of Hamilton] will be 
here Friday or Saturday next ; however, upon Sunday last a fast 
was bidden in the Kirk for the next Sunday to be kept, and that for 
these reasons, that God would order and divert the heart of the King 
for settling of the business in hand ; 2ndly, that God would assist 
and direct in the choosing of able, honest, grave, and wise men for 
the General Assembly ; Srdly, the third end was for removing their 
sins, the cause of the non-settling. So that here it is gathered tha 
suddenly there will be a General Assembly, I can say this. Here 
is good, plain, and honest preaching, but (I wish it were not so) 



12 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

very little practice, so far as I can see. Whether the Marquis cornea 
or no, there will be an assembly, and till this business be settled few 
or none can or will pay any money. [1 jo.] 

5G. Deputy Lieutenants of the Forest Division of co. Berks to 
Henry Earl of Holland, Lord Lieutenant. Certify names of 14) per- 
sons defective in arms, or who refuse to appear at musters. [1 p.] 

Sept. 13. 57. Receipt of Sir "William de St. Ravy for 300^. [^ p.] 



lf).S8. 



Sept. 12. 



Sept. 13. 

Office of 
Ordnance. 



Sept. 13. 

Office of 
Ordnance. 



Sept. 13. 



Sept. 13. 



Sept. 13. 

Sept. 13. 
Sept. 14. 



Sept. 14. 

gtaindrop. 



.58. Proportion of Ordnance and ammunition delivered out of the 
office of Ordnance, and sent to Newcastle-upon-Tyne by order of 
the Earl of Newport, according to instructions prescribed to him by 
a committee of the Lords, dated at Oatlands, 10th September 1638. 
[Cojjy. 1 p.] 

59. Estimate for carriages, powder, and munition to be delivered 
to the Duke of Lenox, by virtue of two several warrants dated 
19th July and 10th September 1638 ; out of stores, 856?. 18s. Id.; 
emptions, 391?. 18s. Sd. Total, 1,248?. 16s. 4d [2i pp.} 

60. Duplicate of the preceding, but signed by other Officers of 
the Ordnance. [2 pp.} 

61. Regulations suggested by the Officers of Ordnance for the 
proper care and disposition of the provisions ordered to be issued 
out of his Majesty's magazine, and transported to Hull and New- 
castle, so that his Majesty may have a particular and due account of 
the disposal thereof [2 pp.} 

62. Copy of the same, with various alterations made therein, 
which were ultimately incorporated in the preceding. [Stated to 
have been left with the Lord Treasurer on the IMh inst. 2 pp.] 

63. First rough di-aft of the same. [ = 2^ p2J.] 

64. Petition of Edmond Probj^, D.D., to Archbishop Laud. The 
King referred to you the petition of Theophilus Webb, who had a 
patent for the hospital of St. Mary Magdalen near Bath, who peti- 
tioned the King to grant the mastership of the said hospital to 
petitioner. Petitioner presenting himself, you enquired how the 
poor should have better relief than formerly ? Petitioner assures you 
in verba sacerdotis that he will, as estates fall in, double their j'early 
revenues, and give them part of the profits arising to the present 
master, and, until estates fall in, petitioner will give them a yearly 
contribution out of his own means, and will labour to do them aJl 
the good he can. If you think petitioner worthy of that place he 



will acknowledge your favour therein. 



[^2 p.] 



65. Nathaniel Ward to Sir Henry Vane. Your letter, sent by 
John Edwards, sufficiently secured me that the unkind dealing I 
found was without your direction, and that the great rates of the 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 13 



1538 Vol. CCCXCVin. 

tithes confirmed on this vicarage was by others suggestion. Truth 
is, that he who delivered the indenture to me, so immediately before 
his departure hence, would in no wise satisfy me concerning either 
the value imposed on the particular townships, or concerning any 
intention of yours to make good any way what should fall short of 
my expected salary, but he thrust that writing into my hand as the 
pledge of all I should look for. I have since read the paper left 
with your son, and had I been acquainted with half so much it had 
in a great measure satisfied my mind. Yet I beg that the value set 
upon the things which you have conferred upon this vicarage may 
not pass as your enemies and mine have rated them, but may be 
reviewed by indifierent men. [1 p.] 

Sept. 14. 66. John Cutteris to Richard Harvey. I thank you for the care 
you took to get me my money of my cousin Westcot. I intend to 
take a course with him that shall not be for his credit. We have 
done harvest, and ended our corn as dry and well as corn can be. 
Pray learn of my master [Endymion Porter] whether he intends to 
let his land or keep it in his own hands, for now is the time to con- 
sider of it. [2 pp.'] 

Sept. I*. 67. Estimate for arms both for horse and foot wanting iu the 
Office of stores of the Ordnance Ofiice and armoury, for completing 12,000 
Ordnance. ^^^^ ^^^ ^qq j^Qpgg^ prepared by warrant of the Council of War of 
10th September. Total, 8,S35Z. 

Sept. 14 68. Duplicate thereof. [2 pp.] 

Sept. 14. 69. Copy of the same without signatures, but with an additional 
statement of the stores already brought in upon the said estijnate, 
and those yet remaining to be brought in. [3 jjp.] 

Sept. 14. 70. Statement of the time within which, after money issued, the 
artificers would undertake to make ready the stores wanting in the 
Office of Ordnance for completing 12,000 foot and 400 horse. [1^ p.] 

Sept. i|. 71. Christopher Windebank to his father Sec. "Windebank. 

Florence. Thanks for his fatherly care in furnishing him with monies, which 
by reason of sickness, not altogether yet shaken ofi", he extremely 
wanted. Promises to endeavour to obtain that language. Has 
lived a month at Sienna, forced bj' a tertian ague. There is neither 
the commodity of a master of the language, nor any lodging place 
free from that of the Dutch, which is spoken as commonly as in 
Germany, besides, their unruly behaviour is as great as their 
privileges. This is the cause of his living in Florence, where, though 
somewhat dearer, he finds greater accommodation. " Your favours 
to me give me hopes that you wiU be pleased to pardon my error 
in taking a wife without your notice, since it has pleased God it 
should be so." [2 pp.] 

Sept. [15 1] Council of War to Sir Robert Pye. To draw order for issuing to 
Sir John Heydon, Lieutenant of the Ordnance, 8,S35i. for arms 



li 



14 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



-, ggg Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

wanting to make complete 12,000 foot and 400 horse, according to 
estimate of ] 4th September. [Copy. See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 10. | p.] 

Sept. [15 ?J Draft of the same. [_8ee this present Vol. No. 43. ^ p.'\ 

Sept. [15 ?] The like for issuing to Sir John Heydon 129Z. 18s., for repairing 
the fort at Holy Island. {Copy. Bee Vol. cccxcvi., p. 11 -^p.] 

Sept. [15 ?] Draft of the same. \See this present Vol, No. 43. ^ p.] 

Sept. 15. 72. Petition of Robert Maynard, Samuel Waller, and Luke Ivory, 
collectors of ship-money in the parish of Ealing alias Zealing, Mid- 
dlesex, to the Council. Petitioners have been diligent and careful 
in this service, in their own persons and with the bailiff_ in distrain- 
ing, and yet cannot collect the same, for the Earl of Argyle is 
assessed 51., and the Earl of " Apricorne " [Abercorn ?] 50s., besides 
other landholders, many of whom are named, upon whom the bailiff 
can levy no distress. Besides many inhabitants are gone away by 
reason of taxation, especially to the poor, whose number amounts to 
150. Some distresses remain in hand unsold. [fj5.] 

Sept. 15. 73. Account of Sir WiUiam Russell of ship-money for 1637. Total 
received 129,304?. 19s. Id. ; remained 67,109?. 8s. 7d. [1 p.] 

Sept. 15. 74. Account of sums collected and remaining in the hands of the 
several sheriffs 4,144?., which makes the total collected 133,448?. 
lip.-] 

Sept. 15. 75. Account by Sir John Lambe of armour and other warlike 
furniture to be provided by the clergy of Leicestershire. [Certified 
copy. Underwritten and attached are memoranda as to the delivery 
of this list to various named persons. 8^ pp.} 



Sept. 15. 76. Estimate of Officers of the Ordnance for twenty brass drakes 
Office of shooting 3 lb. bullets, with shot and munition. Total 540?. 14s. 4d. 
Ordnance, fl tjI 

Sept. 16. 77. Petition of the poor fishermen of the Thames to the King. 
Mr. Warner, patentee for transportation of lamperns, has of late years 
endeavoured to undo petitioners and their families, consisting of 
above 1,000 persons, by taking their living from them, as by their 
grievances hereunto annexed may appear. In regard that your poor 
supplicants have been forbidden to trouble the Lords any more with 
their unrelieved oppressions, pray his Majesty to hear their griev- 
ances, or to refer the same to such of the Lords as shall be thought 
fit. [f p.] Annexed, 

77. I. Articles above mentioned. Warner was accused of having 
by cunning practices got the vjhole export trade into his 
own hands, and those of four or five of the ablest fisJiers 
in estate, thereby depriving all others of theit'fiormer share 
in the said trade, [f jp.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 15 



1638. Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

Sept. 16. 78. Order of the King iu Council. His Majesty appoints Sunday- 
next the 23rd instant to hear the grievances of the fishermen 
against Nowell Warner. [Braft. \ p.] 

Sept. 16. 79. The lilce. Upon hearing the sheriff of Middlesex and the 
collectors of ship-money, it was ordered that the sheriff should ap- 
point bailiffs to go with the collectors to get in the arrears, and that 
the collectors upon Friday next are to attend the sheriff, to give him 
an account of their proceedings, and pay what they have levied. 
IDraft. 1^.] 

Sept. 16. 80. The Council to Edward Lord Vaux. Peter Kicaut, treasurer of 
the Earl Marshal's association for fishing, complains that you neglect 
to make payment of the sum agreed upon as a leviation, notwith- 
standing the order of 16th February last. You are, in his Majesty's 
name, once more reqiiired to pay, or to give attendance before the 
Lords on Sunday the 23rd September at Hampton Court, to show 
cause for your refusal. [Draft. \ p.] 

Sept. 16. The same to Bishop Morton of Durham. "We are to require you 
to give order to your Deputy Lieutenants for mustering the trained 
bands of foot and horse in that county, and upon any occasion to 
draw near to and reinforce the town of Newcastle. \Copy. See Vol. 
cccxcvi. p, 32. f jp.] 

Sept. 16. 81. Draft of the same, [1 jp.] 

Sept. 16. 82. The Council to Robert Earl of Monmouth, captain of the 
castle of Tynemouth. To cause the ordnance carriages and furniture 
belonging to that castle to be delivered to such person as the Earl 
of Newport, master of the Ordnance, shall appoint, to be carried to 
Newcastle, or otherwise disposed of, for his Majesty's service. [Draft, 
Ip.-] 

Sept. 16. The same to Thomas Viscount Wentworth, Lord Lieutenant of 
CO. York. Notwithstanding letters sent from the board in June last, 
the trained bands of that county have not yet been mustered as in 
former years. We are to require you, or in your absence your 
Deputy Lieutenants, presently to take effectual order for mustering 
the same as formerly directed. [Draft written on the same paper 
as the preceding. 1 p.] 

Sept. 1 6. 83. The same to [blank'], messenger of the Chamber. To repair 
to the house of widow Wheatly in the Savoy, and take into custody 
a trunk full of papers which belonged to a Romish priest lately dead, 
and to cause them to be brought hither. [Draft. ^ p.} 

Sept. 16. 84. The same to Sir William Uvedale, Treasurer of the Chamber 
Francis Newton, messenger, by warrant from the board, has appre- 
hended divers priests and Jesuits, whereof some be carried to prison, 
and others kept in his custody, and found them meat, drink, and 
lodging, and amongst them a very dangerous person, one Morse, a 



16 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. VO..CCCXCVIIL 

Jesuit, whom he kept 80 days, and afterwards prosecuted him at 
Newgate, where he was found guilty of treason, for which the Lords 
require you to pay Newton 200 marks, in satisfaction of his dis- 
bursements, as also of his great pains and service in that employment. 
IBraJFt. 1 p.] 

Sept. 1 6. 85. The Council to Justices of Peace of co. Gloucester. The city 
Hampton Court, of Gloucester being much visited with plague, some of you werein 
December last importuned by the mayor to assist the city with 
relief, according to the statute for 18 parishes in the county within 
five miles of the city, with lU. a week for six weeks, to which, 
although willingness was expressed, yet they charged that part of 
the county but with 30/!., and of that 81. has not been paid, and the 
rest of you being again at the general sessions solicited for an 
addition, you did not afford tliem any comfort, although there- 
unto authorized by the statute. His Majesty being made acquainted 
therewitl), we are to charge you to give speedy order for relieving 
the infected persons of that city with a contribution answerable to 
their number and necessities, and to continue the same so long as 
the contagion shall be there. [^Draft. 1 p.] 

Sept. 16. 86. The same to Alexander Easton, messenger, to bring before 
Hampton Court, the Lords Sir Anthony Irby, John Gibbon, John "Webb, Walter 
Blunt, Henry Futter, John Chapman, William Medley, William 
Morehead, and Gregory Clement. [Dro/K. Minute. | p.'] 

Sept. 16. 87. The same to Iblanlc], a messenger. To bring up Thomas 
Davis and John Langton of Maidenhead, William Hunt of Remen- 
ham, John Gooding of Wokingham, and John Thackliam of Arbor- 
field, Berks [defaulters at musters]. [Draft. Minute. ^ p.] 

Sept. 16. The like for Richard How of Finchampstead, Thomas Winch, and 
James Smith of Bray, and Robert Salter of Cookham, Berks [de- 
faulters at musters]. [Braft. Written on the sarne paper as the 
preceding. 3 linesi\ 

Sept. 16. The like for Thomas Martin of Wokingliam, Thomas Foot of 
Lawrence Waltham, Abraham Sharpe of Hurley, Berks [defaulters 
at musters]. \Thelilce. ^ p^ 

Sept. 16. Close warrant for Sir Robert Wood. [Ibid. 1 Ziiie.] 

Sept. 16. The Council to Henry Middleton, sergeant-at-arms, to bring be- 
fore the Lords Francis Sawyer of Kettering, and William Walker, 
chief constable of the hundred of Wymersley, co. Northampton. 

[Ihid. \p:\ 

Sept. 16. 88. Entry for Council Register of appearance of Richard Cutler of 
Finchley, Middlesex. He is to remain in custody of the messeno'er 
vintil discharged. [Draft. 3 lines.'] 

Sept. 16. The like of Robert Maynard, Samuel Waller, and Luke Ivory of 
Ealing, Middlesex. [Written on same paper as preceding. Draft. 
4 Krtes.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 17 



](j38. Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

Septi 16. Entry of appearance of Richard Nicholas, Francis Hamond, John 
Hatch of Pinner, Thomas Walter and John Elkin of Harrow-on- 
the-Hill, Jonah Hunt and John Lisle W Paddington. [Ibid. 
Draft. 5 lines.'] 

Sept. 16. The like of William Roming and William Nichols of Greenford and 
Perivale, Middlesex ; William Pulbery of Ratcliff being discharged. 
[Ibid. Draft. 3 liTies.l 

Sept. 1 6. The like of Thomas Wigg, Matthew Nicholas, Thomas Paltock, 
John Hill, and W. Eddinhrasse ; William Atley, being very sick, 
appeared not. [Ibid. Draft. 3 lines.] 

Sept. 16. The like of Thomas Han-ison of South Mimms. [Ibid. Draft. 
2 liTies.] 

Sept. 16. The like entry that William Bakehouse of Puttenham, sent for by 
warrant, having paid the money charged upon him for shipping, was 
discharged. [Ibid. Draft. 3 lines^ 

Sept. 16. 89. The like of appearance of Edmond Ashton of Chatterton, co. 
Lancaster, and William Cooke, constable of Manchester. They are 
to remain in custody till discharged. [Draft. 5 lines.] 

Sept. 16. The like of John Cornelius of Newcastle, victualler. [Draft. 
Written on same paper as preceding. 1 line.] 

Sept. 16. 90. Petition of the said John Cornelius to the Council. Edward 
Frodsham about three weeks since was apprehended at Newcastle by 
special warrant, and brought up here by Hugh Peachy, a pursuivant. 
Frodsham having lodged at petitioner's house two or three nights 
before his apprehension, and the messenger demanding Frodsham's 
chest, and petitioner seeming unwilling to deliver it without 
Frodsham's privity, or directions of the mayor of the town. Peachy 
*'took petitioner bound" to appear before the Lords this day. 
As petitioner never saw or heard of Frodsham till he came to lodge 
in petitioner's house, prays his discharge. [1 p.] Endorsed, 

90. I. Reference to Sec. Windebarik to take order herein. Ramp- 
ton Court, 16th September 1638. [^ p.] 

90. II. Sec. Windebanlc to Attorney-General Bankes. To examine 
the parties, and certify the result. Drury Lane, 18th 
September 16S8. [^ p.] 

90, III. Examination of the said John Cornelius, taken before At- 
torney-General Bankes on the 20th September 1638. Was 
born at Haarlem,, came thence imto England when he was 
30 years of age, and for 12 years has kept a victualling 
house at Newcastle. About a month since Jacob Henson 
and one John [Trappes], a young lad, lodged in his 
house, and last spring Jocom Beck, a Dane, and the 
young man John [Trappes] lodged there, and Edward 
Frodsham lodged there three nights about a inonth since. 
Peachy came to examinant in the market place, and 

13. B 



18 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

willed hvm to deliver Frodsham's trunk, which he refused 
to do until he had order from the mayor. Denies all 
knowledge of the alum business, and of any endeavour to 
get men to go to make alum beyond seas. [2 pp."] 
90. IV. Attorney-General Bankes to Sec. Windebank. Cannot 
discern that Cornelius was privy to any of Mr. Frodsham's 
proceeding. Jacob Henson and John Trappes, the 
English boy, were both in Newcastle at the messenger's 
coming thither, and might have been apprehended. They 
are since gone beyond seas. 2lst September 1638. 

Sept. 16. 91. The King to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To deliver out of 
Hampton Court, the stores of the Ordnance to be sent to Newcastle-upon-Tyne unto 
[Thomas] Heath, one of the King's Engineers, six demi-culverins of 
iron, mounted upon field carriages, with 600 round shot, 900 muskets, 
with bandoleers, rests, and other ordnance stores, to be disposed of 
by Heath according to directions received from the Master of the 
Ordnance. [Copy. 2 pp.l 

Sept, 16. Another copy of the same. [See Vol. cccoccvi., p. 12. 1 ^.] 

Sept. 16. 92. The same to Capt. William Legge, Master of the Armoury. 
Hampton Court. To deliver out of the stores to [Thomas] Heath, to be sent to New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, 600 armours, consisting of back, breast, gorget, 
and head-piece. [Copy. 1 p."] 

Sept. 16. Another copy, [See Vol. cocxcvi., p. 13, i|).] 

Sept. 16. 93. The same to Montjoy Earl of Newport. Eighteen pieces of 
Hampton Coui-t. brass Ordnance, with their carnages, and 40 lasts of powder and 
other Ordnance stores, are to be sent to Kingston-upon-HulL The 
same are to be delivered to Capt. William Legge. [Copy. 2 pp."] 

Sept. 16. Another copy. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 14. 1 p,'\ 

Sept. 16. Proportion of ordnance, with their carriages and munition, to be 
Office of delivered out of the stores, and sent to Hull, being part of the pro- 
auce. yigJQj^g appointed for the train of artillery by warrant of this day. 
[Ibid., p. 15. 5 pp.\ 

Sept. 16. 94. The like of ordnance and munitions to be sent to Newcastle- 
upon Tyne by similar warrant. [2 pp^ 

Sept. 16. Another copy. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 20. 1 p.J 

Sept. 16. List of prices of powder, match, and arms sent to Newcastle. 
[Ibid. p. 21. ^ p.] 

Sept. 16. Order of Council of War. The proportion of powder ordinarily 

Hampton Court, allowed for the charge of a musket (being the full weight of 

the bullet) is too great, and the roughness and recoil occasioned 

thereby make the men forbear to take their aim, and unable to 

discharge the same with rapidity and effect. The Earl of Newport 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 19 



lg38_ Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

is prayed, calling to Mm some of the Officers of the Ordnance, of the 
Artillery Garden, and others, to make trial of the ordinary charge and 
of the moiety thereof, and certify thereon. [Copy. See Vol. cccxcvi, 
p. 11. 1^.] 

Sept. 16, 95. Draft of the same, [fp.] 

Sept. 16. 96. Sir Robert Benett to Nicholas. Henry Olford of Hurley 
Windsor, -was absent in Yorkshire at the time of the musters. Having since 

been assured of his conformity, I am to entreat you to strike out 

his name. [4 p."] 

Sept. 16. 97. Relation by Lieutenant Frodsham and Hugh Peachy, mes- 
senger, of their proceedings when sent to Newcastle to detect an 
endeavour to procure workmen in the alum works to go to Denmark. 
[Endorsed by Bee. Windebank. If p.} 

Sept. 16. 98. See Returns made by Justices of the Peace. 

Sept. 17. 99. The Council of War to Sir John Heydon, Lieutenant, of 
Ordnance. Order is given for SOOi. to be paid to you upon account. 
His Majesty's pressing occasions require that you pay so much 
thereof as shall be appointed by the Master of the Ordnance to 
Capt. Legge and others, appointed to attend the present service to 
Hull and Newcastle. [Draft minute. | p.^ 

Sept. 17. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 21. ^ p.] 

Sept. 17. 100. Order of Council. George Price, merchant, complained that 
having entered into a bond of 1,000Z. to his Majesty as surety for 
Henry Blackall, late soap-boUer of London, that he should make no 
soap after a time limited, for which being questioned in the Exchequer, 
the Board required George Gage, Governor of the Corporation of 
Soap-makers of Westminster, to certify his knowledge in that 
business, which he did, and the Lords, by Order of I7th May, re- 
quired the Attorney-General to stay the suit in the Exchequer, and 
to free petitioner from the bond, yet he is nevertheless still much 
troubled therein. It was ordered, that the petition should be 
showed to Thomas Elliott, his Majesty's servant, and that he and 
Price should attend on Sunday next at Hampton Court. [Draff. 

Sept. 17. 101. The like. Thomas Horth of Yarmouth, merchant, com- 
plained that, having contracted with George Gage, Governor of 
the Company of Soap-makers, for his sixth part of all oils of the 
fishing intended for provision of Scotland, that trade being trans- 
ferred upon the old soap-boilers, they refuse to perform the said agree- 
ment, and the Greenland merchants also will not permit petitioner 
to land his goods, to his great charge, and 201. loss by the day. It 
was ordered, that the petition should be showed to the Governors 
of the Soap-makers and the Greenland Company, and that one or two 
of each company should be requested to attend the Board at Hampton 
Court on Sunday the 24th inst. with their answer. [Draft. 1 p.} 

B 2 



20 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

Sept. 17. 102. Pass from the Council for Edward Bradshaugh to go to Paria 
Hampton Court, to be tutor to the SOU of the Oouatess of Banbury for three years, 

Sept. 17. 103. Draft minute of the preceding. [^ p.] 

Sept. 17. 104. Notes of businesses wherein the Officers of Ordnance desire 
the Council may be moved on Sunday next. An allowance desii'ed 
for Thomas Rudd, an engineer appointed to survey the castles in 
Guernsej' and Jersey. Warrant to remove the ordnance and mu- 
nition from Tynemouth ctistle. That money may be ready at Hull 
and Newcastle for defraying necessary charges. [_In the fnargin 
are Nicholas's notes of the answers of the Council. | p.] 

Sept. 18. 105. The King to Pliilip Thomas or other messenger of theChamber. 
Hampton Court. By Letters Patent of 2nd June 1636 the corporation of tradesmen 
inhabiting within three miles of the city of London are empowered 
to call before them all persons buying and selling by retail within 
the limits of the corporation, and to admit them into the freedom of 
the same, upon such terms as in the said patents are expressed. 
Divers refractory persons refuse, upon summons, to appear before the 
officers of the said corporation, or if they appear, refuse to obey any 
order thereof. You are to apprehend all such offenders herein a& shall 
be named by the chamberlains of the said corporation, and to bring 
them before the governor of the same, and keep them in safe custody 
until they conform. [Parchment, 24 Zmes.] 

Sept. 18. 106. The Council to Captain William Legge. Instructions eon- 
Hampton Court, eerning the ordnance, arms, and provisions sent to Kingston-upon- 
HuU, with the prices at which powder, match, and musket-shot 
were to be sold. [Copy. 3 'pp.'\ 

Sept 18. 107. The same to Thomas Heath, storekeeper at Newcastle, 
Hampton Coui-t. Similar instructions. [Copy. 2 p'p.'] 

Sept. 18. Separate memoranda in reference to the above instructions to 
Captain William Legge and Thomas Heath, that such instructions were 
entered in the Book of the Acts of the Council. \See Vol. cccxcvi. 
pp. 22, 23. 1 ^.] 

Sept. 18. 108. Philip Porter [son of Endymion Porter?] to his brother 
George Porter. I am rejoiced to hear that you have lost your fever. 
I shall be very glad to see you here in London. [French. 1 p.] 

Sept. 18. 109. Sir Dudley Carleton to Sec Coke. I yesterday attended the 
Imbereourt. Spanish resident, touching the complaint made by Mr. Newton, whose 
petition I caused to be interpreted to him, and received in effect this 
answer, that Mr. Newton had much forgotten himself by suggesting 
things that were untrue, particularly that he, the resident, had 
accepted, about Midsummer last, of a warning given by Mr Newton 
to remove out of the house. He acknowledged that he came into the 
house by succession to the Spanish ambassador who is gone, and 
had term in the house until Michaelmas. That some few days after 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



21 



1638. Vol. CCCXCVIIL 

the departure of the ambassador Mr. Newton came to know whether 
he would continue tenant, whereof he took time to consider. Since 
which, upon pretences of sales, first to Viscount Montague, and then 
to Lord Conway, Mr. Newton had endeavoured to extoi-t a higher rent 
from him. The ambassador had endeavoured to provide himself 
another house, but could find none, but either very inconvenient or 
at most unreasonable prices ; some persons refusing to let their houses 
because they would not have mass said in them. The resident says, 
if it shall by the Lords be thought fit that he must remove, not 
knowing whither to go, but that he must have the dice thus set upon 
him, he wiU submit, and lie in the streets, if nobody will receive 
him, though he trusts the Lords will consider that there is another 
manner of regard had in Spain for the accommodation of the 
ministers of Great Britain. Mr. Newton was present, and as one 
said the other denied, and though the resident was told of sundry 
houses to be let, yet nothing would satisfy him but to keep the 
house where he is, without increase of rent. [Seal with arms. 
3 pp.} 
Sept. 18. 110. Inigo Jones, Thomas Baldwin, Peter Heywood, and Henry 
Wicks to the Council. Report on a nuisance arising from the sewer 
of St. Martin's Lane to the King's house at Whitehall. The referees 
state the way in which the sewage from St. Giles's was formerly 
provided for ; how it was iaterfered with by the houses built on the 
west side of St. Martin's Lane by Lord Salisbury ; and the endea- 
vour of the commissioners for buildings, to have a substantial sewer 
made from St. Martin's Lane to the Thames. Mr. Meautys can show 
the receipts and payments of the commissioners, from which it will ap- 
pear that for want of the money which is yet behind and uncollected (a 
great part whereof is assessed on Lord Salisbury) the work has stayed 
these twelve months, whereby the nuisance to his Majesty's house still 
continues. [= 2 pp.'\ 

111. Edward Lewis to Sec. Windebank. Thanks to Windebank for 
favours and to Ladj' Windebank for accommodating " us " witli things 
necessary for " our lodgings." [1 p^ 

J 12. Sir Edward Bromfield, governor of the company of soap- 
makers, and Thomas Overman, to Nicholas. Upon complaint of our 
company, the Lords sent for Edmund Aston and William Cooke, for 
committing Francis Rideing, one of our company's searchers. 
They have acknowledged their error, promising for the future to 
give assistance to our searchers. Pray their discharge, [f p."] 

Sept. 19. 11.3. Thomas Smith [to Sir John Pennington]. I have had dis- 
Eion House, course with the Lord Admiral about the beginning of the winter convoy. 
He answered that it was no matter when, for that, as he intended 
to Sir Henry Merviii, had he stayed out, that the whole winter 
money, as the summer's, should be sent up to his Lordship by bills 
of exchange, as now it is, and then he would dispose of it as he 
should think fit. I told liin), peradventure this course would not be 
so grateful to you, because it might cause you to think some 



Sept. 19. 

Oxford. 



Sept. 19. 



22 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCXCVIIT. 

displeasure were conceived by hira against you. He told me, no such 
thing, nor should it be " ere a whit " the worse for you, but having 
intended it to the other, and told him so, he might take it amiss 
that you had a greater privilege than he, and for another reason, 
which, because I know not who may see my letters, I will at present 
conceal. Be confident I will be as careful of you as I will be of 
myself I spoke to him likewise about the wine, &c., and had much 
ado to prevail with him to let you send any, but at last he said that 
in case you met with any excellent piece of White Muscadine or 
Canary, he was content you shoixld send, so it were but a little. His 
Lordship intends to send you against Christmas a "Regallia," 
somewhat after the nature of last year's, but if you be as free with 
me to let me know what would please you best, as I am with you, 
I should take it as a favour. On Sunday last Captain Batten kissed 
his Majesty's hand for the Surveyor's place. His patent is drawing 
" during pleasure only," as all patents must run hereafter. Here 
has been much striving for the place. Sir Henry Mainwaring, 
Captain Duppa, Mr. Bucke, cum multis aliis ; but the King, with 
the help of somebody else, thought him the fittest man. We have 
had nothing from Scotland of late, but I hear from knowing men 
that all is not right yet. You may take notice to his Lordship of 
what I have written concerning his pleasure in sending hither the 
winter convoy money, and if you would be ruled by me oppose it 
not, though I hold it very fit you should give a touch in your own 
behalf, and let me alone for the rest. [3 pp."] 

Sept. 20. 114. Letter to the Lords of the Council " with safety, in private," 
judged from the handwriting and contents to have been written by 
Edward Worsley, letters of whom have been calendared under dates 
of the 19th October and 8th Dec. 1637 (see Vol. ccclxx. No. 2, 
and Vol. ccclxxiii. No. 53). The Mrriter imagined himself to be 
subjected to persecution by a sort of deboshed, disordered, and unruly 
rebels, who troubled him with their signs, conceits, and devices. 
Submits to the Council a letter which he purposes to vsrite to his 
adversaries, not knowing what hurt he may thereby do the King in 
his royal designs. It is stated in the endorsement that this letter 
and probably the one originally enclosed, were, " Papers scattered in 
Somerset House," and that they " were sent to me [Sec. Windefcank] 
by Sir Maurice Dromond " on the 28th inst. [1 ^.] 

Sept. 20. 115. Sir John Oglander, sheriff of Hants, to Nicholas. I have paid 
Insula Vectis. fco Sir William Kussell all ship-money due from the body of this 
county, and almost all from the incorporations, there only remaining 
of the 6,000^. but 68?., viz : from Southampton, 40Z ; from Andover, 
SI. ; and from Winchester, 20i!. If my actions be questioned for 
these arrears of 68?., pray inform where it rests, and that I am sorry 
it is without my authority to collect it. [Seal with arms. 1 ^.] 

Sept. 20. 116. Certificate of Edward Penrice and Wilham Drewry, that on 
the 18th inst., by warrant from Sir John Hanbuiy, sherifi" of co. 
Northampton, they ofi"ered to distrain for ship-money in Earls.. 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES T. 



23 



lg38_ Vol, C(^CXCVIII. 

Barton, but were assaulted, imprisoned, and their distresses rescued 
by Edmund James, Michael Whittawer, Thomas Haynes, constable 
of Earls Barton, who raised that and several other towns against 
them, Robert Ward, another constable of Earls Barton, and Thomas 
Blewett. The particular facts of every case are minutely stated, and 
Ward and Blewett are described as men generally noted to oppose 
the said service, both in advice and resistance. They abused 
Penrice and Drewry in words, and offered to take away their swords, 
and Blewett wished one of the bailiffs to scour his sword clean, for 
" they would be provided for us against we came again." [1 p.J 

Sept. 20. 117. See " Returns of Justices of Peace." 

Sept. 21. 118. The King to Henry Garway and Gilbert Harrison, aldermen 
Canbury. of London, Thomas Atkin, sheriff of London, and 27 others, 
including Matthew Oradock, Thomas Lenthall, and John Holland. 
Commission for inquiring into all deceits and abuses practised in all 
sorts of clothing and making of stuffs, with power to call before 
them and examine upon oath all persons whom it shall concern, and, 
amongst other things, to provide that " the poor working " depending 
on the said clothing may have competent wages for their work. 
After deliberation had, they are to present their whole proceedings, 
with their opinions of the readiest ways of redress, that the King 
may settle order therein. [Oopy. 3 pp.^ 

Sept. 21. 119. Another copy of the same, wherein Henry Garway is styled 
Canbury. Garraway. [Printed as a broadside. = 2 pp."] 

Sept. 21. 120. Receipt of Nicholas Stoughton, Undersheriff of Surrey, for 
17s. 4id. assessed upon Thomas Goore, towards the ship-money within 
the parish of Thames Ditton. [J p.] 

Sept, 22. 121. Sir John Hewett, Sheriff of co. Huntingdon, to Nicholas. I 
have used more than common industry to get in all the ship-money 
before I and my office parted ; but, notwithstanding my care and 
trouble, there is a good sum behind, for I am so fallen in valuation 
that many collectors will neither obey my warrants nor come to me, 
but keep what they have collected, so that now I am hopeless to get 
any more, and have therefore returned the towns and names of all 
the collectors in arrear, and desire they may be presented to the 
Board. Then follow the names of 17 towns and 42 collectors. 
[Seal with arms, l^p.] 

Sept. 22. 122. Thomas Atkin, Sheriff of Middlesex, to the same. Sends 
certificate of ship-money paid by the collectors on the day before. 
Where bailiffs have not been this week to distrain they shaU go the 
next. Some collectors after the bailiffs distrain will not take the 
distresses into their custody, but the bailiffs must keep them, and 
some have sold them, and some the parties have redeemed them, and 
now I cannot get the money from the bailiffs. And they will be 
their own carvers, and not be rewarded by me according as they 
deserve. I desire, if any collectors come before his Majesty or the 



24 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

Lords, they may be commanded to go with the bailiffs to distrain, 
and to receive the distresses into their custody. [1 pj] Endorsed, 

122. I. Certificate of the said ThoTtias Atkin of sums received 
since the 1 6th of September from the collectors who were 
then before his Majesty, desiring that they may be dis- 
charged on Sunday next. The sum assessed upon Mid- 
dlesex was 5,000?., whereof 3,000?. is paid to Sir William, 
Russell; Westminster is assessed at 1,180?.; the Tower 
liberties at 142?.; the Minories at 10?.; total 4,332?., 
leaving 668?. yet to be received. [1 p.] 

Sept. 22. 123. Account of Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1637. 
Total received, 132,034?. 19s. Ic?. , unpaid, 64,379?. 8s. 7d. [1 p.'] 

Sept. 22. 124. Account of ship-money for 1637 levied and in the hands of 
the sheriffs, total 3,794?., which, with 132,034?. paid to Sir William 
Eussell, makes the total received 135,828?. [1 p.'] 

Sept. 22. 125. Condition of a bond by which a collector of ship-money not 
named is bound forthwith to pay to Sir Anthony Irby, late sheriff 
of CO. Lincoln, all money collected, and within three weeks to perfect 
his account, and express what is in arrear upon each man in his 
constabulary. [Endorsed: " Ed. Palfreyman and Clay discharged 
on this condition." ^ p.l 

Sept. 22. 126. Certificate of Henry Kyme and George Carter, messengers, 
that Thomas Davis, John Langton of Maidenhead, William Hunt 
of Remenham, Thomas Winch of Bray, Abraham Sharpe of Hurley, 
Richard How of Finchampstead, and John Gooding of Wokingham, 
being sent for as defaulters at the musters in Berks, upon their sub- 
mission to the Earl of Holland, Lord Lieutenant, he signified that 
they should be discharged, [f p.] 

[Sept. 23.] 127. Petition of Robert Earl of Ancram, his Majesty's servant, 
to the King. Your Majesty granted petitioner the duties payable 
by the company of Starchmakers for a term of years whereof three 
are yet to come, and your Majesty received 200?. per annum thereby. 
Petitioner has employed the care of himself and others, and laid out 
the benefit he was to receive thereby, and by that means has made 
it a busiuess of value. Others, finding the benefit thereof, have 
obtained a grant of a new corporation for that business, and have 
undertaken to give your Majesty for the first year 1,500?., for the 
next 2,000?., and afterwards 3,500?. per annum. In consideration 
that petitioner has brought it to be a business of this consequence, 
and having a grant thereof, and of the importing into this kingdom 
of foreign starch for three years yet unexpired, and for that these 
two last years have been spent in differences between the old and 
new company, by which means petitioner has not received one penny 
for that time, he prays waiTant to the Attorney-General for some 
grant that petitioner may not be damnified by any new grant 
Li P-} 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 25 



^ggg Vol. CCCXCVIIL 

Sept. 23. 128. Order of Council. The business in difference between 
Edmond Kenindy, Francis Grove, &c., starchmakers, and Robert 
Smith, Leonard Stockdale, and others, being by the Board referred 
to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington, the referees acquainted 
the Board that they could not approve the security tendered by 
Smith, nor of the parties who desired to be undertakers, and there- 
fore it was best that the patent already prepared might pass to 
Edmond Kenindy, Francis Grove, &c. It was Ordered, that the 
Lord Keeper be prayed to pass the said patent. [Draft, f 2?.] 

Sept. 23. 129. Order of the King in Council. The fishermen of the Thames 
Hampton Court, having complained (see 16th September inst.) that Nowell Warner, 
patentee for transportation of lampreys, has of late years endea- 
voured to undo petitioners. Upon consideration thereof, and of an 
offer of the fishermen to pay to his Majesty 20s. upon every thousand 
lampreys exported, or a rent of 600?. per annum, and to quit a debt 
of 490?. owing by Warner to the said fishermen, so as the patent of 
Warner might be called in, and they left at liberty to sell such lam- 
preys as they shall take either in this kingdom or in foreign parts, 
it was ordered that the fishermen shall attend the Lord Treasurer 
and Lord Cottington, who are to treat with them touching their 
said offer, and therein to provide that the societies of fishing in 
England may be furnished with a sufficient proportion of lampreys 
for the use of tlisir fishing at as easy rates as Warner was obliged 
to serve them with. [Draft. 1\ ^j.] 

Sept. 23. 130. Order of Council. Upon consideration of the report of 
Hampton Court. Inigo Jones and others, calendared under date of the 16th inst., and 
upon hearing Inigo Jones and others, it was ordered that Lewis, a 
messenger i'ormerly employed in this business, should repair to the 
persons mentioned in the schedule to the said report, and demand 
payment of the sums assessed, to the end that the work may be 
j)roceeded in with effect, and that they who refuse or delay payment 
should be sent for by warrant. And whereas the Earl of Salisbury 
insisted that the sewer made by the late Earl was sufficient for his 
houses in St. Martin's Lane, and that there was never any complaint 
while the same went under Northampton House, nor until some 
stop was given to the current by the later buildings erected by 
others, but the surveyor and three other commissioners had certified 
that the same had been complained of before the erection of the 
later buildings, it was ordered, that the commissioners should cause 
the same to be more particularly examined, and that his Lordship 
should have notice of their meeting on that behalf [Draft. 2 pjp.'\ 

Sept. 23. 131. Minute of entry on the Council Register of appearance before 
the' Council of John Chapman of London, merchant tailor, and 
William Medley of London, skinner, sent for by waiTant. They are 
to remain in the messenger's custody until discharged. [Draft. ^ p.] 

Sept. 23. 132. The like of discharge of Edmund Aston and William Cooke, 
upon certificate of the corporation of soap-makers that they had 
given satisfaction. [Draft. ^ p-^ 



26 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



^ggg Vol. CCCXCVIIL 

Sept. 23. 133. Minute for entry on the Council Register of discharge of 
John Thackham of Aborfield, Berks, upon promise of conformity at 
musters. [Draft. 4 Imes.] 

Sept. 23. 134. The like of appearance of Thomas Davis, John Langton, 
WiUiam Hunt, Thomas Winch, Abraham Sharpe, Richard How, and 
John Gooding, sent for by warrant for default at musters. Upon 
the certificate of Henry Kyme and George Carter, calendared under 
date of the 22nd inst., they were discharged. {Draft, f p.J 

Sept. 23. The like of appearance of Sir Robert "Wood, gentleman pensioner, 
sent for by close warrant. He is to attend the Board until dis- 
charged. [Draft. Written on the same paper as the precedmg. 

Sept. 23. The like of Thomas Martin, of Wokingham, Berks, sent for by 
warrant for default of arms. [Draft. Ibid. 2 lines.'] 

Sept. 23. The like of John Thackham of Aborfield for similar default. 
[Draft. Ibid. 1 line.] 

Sept. 23. 135. Minute for entry on the Council Register of discharge of 
Nicholas Compton. [Draft. 1 Une.] 

Sept. 23. 136. The Council to John Lisney, messenger. To bring David 
Malcot of Little Barford, and William King of Chalgrave, co. 
Bedford. [Draft. Minute, i p.] 

Sept. 23. The like to David Stott, messenger. To bring John Shemeld of 
Woburn, co. Bedford, and William Partridge, constable of that town. 
[Draft. Written on the same paper as the preceding. 3 lines.] 

Sept. 23. The like to Thomas Welch, messenger. To bring Francis Free- 
man, constable of Welby, Edmund James, and Michael Whittawer 
of Earls Barton, co. Northampton. [Draft. Ibid. ^ p!] 

Sept. 23. The like to Henry Kyme, messenger. To bring Thomas Haynes 
and Robert Ward, constables of Earls Barton, co. Northampton, and 
Thomas Blewett of the same. [Draft. Ibid. ^ p.] 

Sept. 23. The like to John Powell, sergeant-at-arms. To release Sir John 
Hanbury, sheriff of co. Northampton. [Draft. Ibid. | p.] 

Sept. [23.] 137. Ralph Pollard, Mayor of St. Alban's, to the Council. Certi- 
fies his proceedings under the order of the 9th inst., and the names 
of those persons who had not yet paid. Alban Plumtree refused to 
pay or enter into bond. [1 p.] 

Sept. 23. 138. William BeU to Nicholas. As yet none have died of the 
Westminster, plague. Suggests the removal of divers poor nasty people out of 
their houses to the sheds, there to air their bedding as also them- 
selves, that so with safety fresh people may lie upon them in the 
winter. " Your house and all in it are well." [-1 p.] 

Sept. 23. 139. Order of Council. Divers houses in Westminster having 
Hampton Court, been infected, the inhabitants thereof refuse to remove themselves 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 27 



1638. Vol. CCCXCVIII. 

and their goods into sheds, to be there aired and cleansed. It was 
ordered that the Justices of Peace of Westminster take order that 
all such persons be shut up in their houses for two months longer 
than usually they are otherwise shut up, in order that fresh people 
resorting to the same may not be endangered by lying upon their 
beds. [Draft. 1 ^.] 

Sept. 23. 140. Answer of Sir John Jennings touching the rate set upon 
upon him for ship-money by the mayor of St. Alban's. Holding in 
St. Albans only a dwelling and 20 acres, at Ml. per annum, he had 
been assessed at 4?. He alleged a great charge of children, that his 
lands elsewhere pay where they lie, and that not having lived at 
St. Albans for two years past, he had paid where he had resided. 



T.„Q Vol. CCCXCIX. September 24-30, 1638. 

Sept. 24. 1. Petition of the Corporation of Dover to the King. The Lord 
Treasurer and Lord Cottington have had a meeting, by Order of 
Council of -Sth August, for taking information respecting a boom to 
be kept in Dover harbour, whereof they are ready to make report, 
and in the interim have expressed their willingness that petitioners 
might petition to be heard concerning the keeping the said boom, of 
late ordered by your Majesty and the Lords to be kept by petitioners 
without fee, but since re-ordered to be kept by the Lord Warden, 
upon Sir John Manwood's information that the harbour was within 
the jurisdiction of the Admiralty of the Cinque Ports. Petitioners 
conceive it to be within that town's jurisdiction, as by ancient 
charters may appear. Pray appointment for both parties to be heard 
before the King in Council, [f p.] Underwritten, 

1. I. Mvnute of his Majesty's pleasure to hear this cause at the 

Covmcil Board, on the SOth i/nst. HaTnpton Court, 

24!th September 1 638. [^ p.] 

Sept. 24. 2. Petition of William Lawrence to the Council In 1637 there 
was an order made by the Judges of Assize at Blandford for exami- 
nation of abuses committed by Thomas Devonish, keeper of the gaol 
at Dorchester, directed to Sir Thomas Trenchard, William Coker, 
Edward Lawrence, Thomas Gallop, and petitioner, and upon exami- 
nation the abuses were found to be very foul, and so certified at the 
general sessions, where Devonish was ordered to leave his place. 
Thereupon Sir John Croke, the next sheriff, placed another in his 
room, which was confirmed by the next sessions ; yet upon Devonish's 
information that the petitioner and others had proceeded against him 
contrary to an order of the Lords, he thereupon in April last 
obtained letters to friends nominated by himself to examine the 
business. Prays that certain country gentlemen here enumerated 



28 DOMESTIC— CHARLES T. 



jggg Vol. CCCXCIX. 

may be joined with Devonish's friends, or that the business may be 
ordered by the Judges of Assize. [1 p.] 

Sept. 24. 3. The Council to the Judges of Assize for Dorset, The Lords 
Hampton Court. ]iave revoked their former directions in the case of Devonish above 
mentioned, and have required the referees not only to forbear pro- 
ceeding therein, but also to deliver the petition of Devonish to the 
Judges, who are to consider the same, and settle the difference, or 
return certificate to the Board. [Draft. 1^ p.] 

Sept. 24. 4. The same to Denzell Holies and Sir Thomas Trenchard. Recite 

Hampton Court, reference of 30th April last in the business of Thomas Devonish. 

The persons addressed are to forbear to proceed further therein, tliat 

it may be entirely left to the Judges of Assize according to directions 

lately given them. [Draft. Minute. 1 p.] 

Sept. 24. 5. The same to the Justices of Peace for Dorset. We send you a 
Hampton Court, petition and several certificates against Nicholas Compton, postmaster 
of Shaston, by which you will perceive how notoriously he has 
abused the warrant he received from the Secretary of State and the 
country ; for whereas he had warrant only upon extraordinary occa- 
sion for his Majesty's service to take up horses, he made it his 
ordinary practice and gain to send for horses when there was no 
service, and to discharge them for money. We advertise you that 
Mr. Secretary has taken from him his warrant, and that we hold it 
very necessary that there should be some exemplary punishment 
inflicted on him for his said oflFence, and we require you to cause him 
to be indicted at the next quarter sessions, and to take order that he 
receive condign punishment ; and of your proceedings you are to 
send us an account. [Draft. 1 JJ.] 

Sept. 24. , 6. The same to the Sheriff of co. Buckingham. We send you 
petition of Edward Hart and George Carter, complaining that the 
assessors of Brill in that county have left unassessed a great portion 
of land in that parish belonging to Mrs. Banister. We are, by his 
Majesty's command, to require you to examine the truth thereof, 
and to take order for re-assessing that parish, so that the charge be 
not put off from the richer sort and cast on the poor. [Draft. 1 jp.] 

Sept. 24. Memorial for the Earl of Newport. He is prayed by the Council 
Hampton Court, of War to give order for receiving the ordnance from Tynemouth 
Castle, and bringing the same to the Tower ; likewise to give direc- 
tions to Captain Legge to go to Holy Island, to view the fort, certify 
the state thereof, and bring away such ordnance as are unservice- 
able. [Copy. See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 22. f p.] 

Sept. 24. 7. Draft of the same, [i p.] 

Sept. [24.] 8. Petition of Thomas Waterworth and others, messengers of the 
Chamber, to the Council. They were sent with warrants to fetcli 
before the Lords divers collectors of ship-money in Middlesex, all of 
whom were presented on the 16th September, and were ordered 
within five days to collect all the arrears of ship-money, and to 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



29 



1638. 



Sept. 24. 



Sept. 24. 

Kedliston. 



Vol. CCCXCIX. 

account to the sheriff, and further to attend the Lords on the 23rd, 
which they have neglected, pretending they were discharged. Pray 
that they may be ordered to pay the usual fees. [^ p."] 

9. Nicholas to the Lord High Admiral. The committee of the 
Council of War desire you to be pleased to order the ships which con- 
voy the provisions to Hull and Newcastle to stay there tUl all the 
ships be unladen. [Braft. ^ p/] 

10. Sir John Curzon, Sheriff of CO. Derby, to Nicholas. With much 
pains, and by distraining some hundreds of people and selling some 
of their goods (they pay so unwillingly and threaten us), I have 
raised betwixt eight and nine hundred pounds of the arrear of 1,240Z. 
for ship-money, which I have returned to be paid in October, and do 
still persist in the same course to get the remainder. For the borough 
towns I do my duty frequently by calling on them to pay. Derby 
is behind 1151., and Chesterfield 501. [Seal with arms imperfect. 

Sept. 24. Order of the Lords of the Admiralty. John Birtby desiring that 
Hampton Court, lie and his sureties might be freed of their bond of 1,000?. for his 
appearance before the Lords, that he might go for Ireland, where 
he is to have employment, it was ordered that the Attorney- 
General should take such order herein as he should think fit. 
[Copy. See Vol. cccliii., p. 110. J p.] 

Sept. 25. 11. Richard Aid worth to Sec. Windebank. Recommends a 
Hinton Pipard. coachman, Philip Coles, formerly servant to Sir Coope Doyly of 
Greenlands, co. Buckingham. " He is endowed with some quality 
of fame for ... he can sound a trumpet perfectly." [^ p.] 

Sept. 25. 12. Sir Francis Thornhaugh, Sheriff of co. Nottingham, to Nicholas. 
Fenton. J have returned 600?. more of ship-money, which makes 2,.500?., and 
next week I will return four or five hundred at the least. The 
strength of the service has lain upon my charge and my officer's 
pains. P.S. — That which I write to you I pray do not show to 
the Lords, except there be occasion, and you think fitting; the 
showing of my last letter procured me a cruel snub. [Seal with 
crest. 1 p.l 

Sept. 25. 13. Sir Anthony Irby, Sheriff of co. Lincoln, to the same I 
Boston. have been visited with this new sickness which hath held me a 
month ere I came out of my chamber, yet I have set forward his 
Majesty's service. I find now I come to make out warrants to 
distrain, a very great neglect in the chief constables, collectors, 
and other officers, who neglect, while some others wilfully refuse, to 
distrain, and yet keep my warrants until my return, and bring 
little money with them, which is a very great hindrance to the 
service. Such as I could meet withal I have reproved, threatening 
to complain to the Council, yet I find but very small amendment ; 
tlierefore I desire to be resoJved, first, what course shall be taken 
with those who refuse or neglect to distrain; secondly, there be 



30 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



,^„„ Vol. CCCXCIX. 

looo. 

divers rich men who board with their friends, and have nothing 

to distrain on, and yet have stocks of money abroad at interest, 

for which they were charged to the ship-money ; thirdly, there 

be some who left their lands at Lady Day last, and have removed 

into other counties, leaving nothing to distrain on ; fourthly, what 

such men as rescue their distress shall be done with. I have, by 

distress, got La some money, which I have returned, and the residue 

I will bring up next term. [Seal with arms. 1 p."] 

Sept. 25. 14. Order made at a Session of Sewers before Kobert Earl of 

Sleaford. Lindsey and others, Commissioners of Sewers, for setting out 8,096 

acres in the level from Kyme Eau to above Lincoln, part of 10,000 

acres remaining to be set out to the Earl of Lindsey, undertaker for 

the drainage. [If p."] 

Sept. 26. 15. Thomas Dymoke to Sec. Windebank. The employment for 
the north is conceived to be in such forwardness that there are few 
places of command undisposed of The pay would comfort me 
exceedingly, and the privileges defend me from many dangers oi 
which I fear to be devoured daily. As you commanded me, I have 
set down my services in writing, which I deferred till now, attending 
the coming of Sir Thomas Morton, which is not yet. [f p.'] En- 
closed, 

15. I. StateTnent by Thomas JDymolce of his former military ser- 
vices. He commenced life as a volvmteer at the siege of 
Bergen-op-Zoom ; that finished, he served under Gapt. 
Francis Woodhouse in Friesland ; then at Breda under 
Gapt. Ogle; under Sir Edward Fleetwood in Gount 
Mansfield's expedition; and, finally, in the Isle of Rh4, 
in a regiment of Irish, under Sir Ralph Bingley, all of 
vjhom were killed save seven, he himself being taken 
prisoner. Requests a company in Hull, Newcastle, or 
Garlisle. [2 pp.'\ 

Sept. 26. 16. Henry Mellor, Mayor of Derby, to Sec. Coke. The beginning 
Derby. of this year, when I was one of the bailiffs of Derby, I received a 
writ, with instructions for the raising of V751. for ship-money, at 
which time our town being sore visited with plague we petitioned for 
mitigation. The sum was abated to 120J., which we assessed, and 
paid in 60Z., and lately 30i. more, a great part out of my own purse. 
Our charter being altered from bailiffs to a mayor, I am informed 
that I cannot by virtue of the said writ either distrain or imprison 
for the money unpaid. On behalf of the town, I present our case 
to your consideration, praying for directions, or that a sergeant-at- 
arms may be sent down to attach the refractory. I beseech you to 
take our poor town into consideration if there be any further occa- 
sion for ship-money, for there is not ore word in the enclosed 
petition but we are able to make good. The inequality of the 
assessment, whereby 175^. is imposed upon this town, is so great, 
that I presume the like is not elsewhere. [1 p^ Enclosed, 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 31 



1638. 



Vol. CCCXCVIII. 



16. I. Copy petition of the bailiffs and burgesses of Derby to the 
King. Complain of the assessment of 1751. for ship- 
money, and pray to be spared altogether or reduced to 
1201. [i p.] 

16. II. The Council to the Sheriff of co. Derby. In regard of the 
present suffering of Derby we recommend that the assess- 
ment m,ay be reduced from 1751. to 1 20l. for this year 
only. 8th November 1637. [Copy. J p.] 

Sept. 26. 17. Sir James Douglas to Sec. Windebank. Eumour tliat Winde- 
Berwick. bank was dead, and advertisement received that day of his recovery. 
On the 21st instant the presbytery of Chirinsayd [Chirnside] con- 
vened for choosing commissioners for a general assembly. It was 
agitated by the moderator whether or not secular men should be 
chosen as commissioners to assist the minister; the moderator 
is Alexander Keneir. This proposition displeased the Earl Home 
much, so he was no more to be heard of; and there were 
chosen commissioners George Reuil [J], Thomas Ramsay, and 
Walter Swinton. In all the presbytery there are not three more 
ignorant or malicious men, and for one of them I have public testi- 
mony under a notary's hand of his being forsworn in a business 
betwixt him and myself long ago ; and everywhere there are none 
picked out for this business but the most ignorant wilful heads in 
the presbyteries. The Earl Home is made choice of for the seculars 
in Chirinsayd parish. I expect before this comes to your hand you 
will hear the good success of all. P.S. — He who carries the running 
post letters betwixt Berwick and Edinburgh plays the rogue with 
all the letters that come from Edinbiirgh to me, so I have prohibited 
any to write to me that way. [2 pp."] 

Sept. 26. 18. News letter from Scotland, narrating the sum of proceedings 
in that country between the Covenanters and the King, from the 
7th August till the 26th September, stated in the endorsement to 
have been " found amongst Mr. Allen's papers." The principal part 
of this paper relates to the events which happened immediately after 
the second return of the Marquess of Hamilton to Scotland as the 
King's commissioner, — the withdrawal of the Service Book, Book 
of Canons, High Commission, and Five Articles of Perth, — the setting 
up the Confession of Faith of 1 580 as a substitute for the Covenant 
recently entered into ; with the proclamation of a general assembly 
to meet at Glasgow on the 21st November next, and a parliament 
at Edinburgh on the 15th May 1639. There follows an account of 
the protestation of the Covenanters against the royal proclamations, 
the protestation not being as yet come forth in print, because the 
royal proclamations were to be published first ; but the supplicants 
(as the Covenanters are here called) " have sent a compend of their 
protestation to each borough, . . . whereof receive a copy, with 
Certaiu Reasons why none that have subscribed our late Covenant 
ought to subscribe this politic confession, wherein it is to be feared 
(though not as yet) many of the Council have played with religion 
to please the King. . . . The supplicants all take course to go 



32 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

1638. 



Vol. CCCXCIX. 



through the whole kingdom to impede the people from subscribing 
that their confession, lest unawares they should fall with them in the 
like danger." [2^ pp."} 

Sept. 27. 19. John Windebank to his father, Sec. Windebank. Has been 
Fetcham. prevented waiting upon him by the sad and severe illness of his 
brother. [Latin. 1 p.] 

Sept. 27. 20. Edward Earl of Dorset to [Sec. Windebank]. It is his 
llajesty's pleasure that you send for those men who surreptitiously 
obtained judgment at law against Captain Crispe, Slaney, and their 
associates, and demand of them submission to what award the King 
shall malce, for his Majesty, in respect of the consequence which this 
particular may beget to the prejudice of the accommodation made 
upon the peace lately concluded with France, is pleased to hear it in 
person, and to that purpose has suspended the execution of that ill- 
grounded sentence. In case you find them refractory, you are to 
inform his Majesty that it may be remanded to the Court of 
Requests to receive determination according to justice. I hope, as 
you are beginning to recover, we shall shortly see you here. P.S. — 
The Delphian Oracle, or rather the Sphinx, is to deliver his verdict 
this day on Polhill's cause, I mean Sir Henry Marten, who will not 
put his opinion in writing, but only verbally, which you know how 
subject it is to a dubious interpretation, wherefore I hope the King 
will enforce him to set down his conception so as the adverse party 
may be enabled to reply. [4 pp.] 

Sept. 28. AgTeemenfc between Sir Edward Littleton of Henley, co. Salop, 
Solicitor-General, of the one part, and Adam Littleton of Stoke 
Milborough in the same county, of the other part, made on the 
niai-riage of Thomas Littleton, son of the said Adam, and Anne, 
daughter of Sir Edward. Sir Edward agrees to pay to Adam Little- 
ton 2,000Z. at Michaelmas 1841, and Adam settles upon Thomas and 
Anne a rentcharge out of all his lands of 140^. during the life of 
Frances Littleton, widow, mother of the said Thomas, and uponpaj-- 
ment of the said 2,000i. another rentcharge of 2001. during the life of 
the said Adam, to commence after the death of the said Frances, and 
also to settle upon the said Thomas and Anne and their issue, after 
the death of the said Adam and Awdrey his wife, all his lands in 
Munslow and Diddlebury, and elsewhere in Salop. [Skin of parch- 
ment. See Case E., Gar. I., No. 6.] 

Sept. 28. 21. Account of payments made [in the Exchequer] under writs 
of privy seal and other warrants to the several persons therein 
named, from Easter term 1638 to this day. Total 76,608J. Oi. O^d. 
mpp.] 

Sept. 29. 22. Order of Council. Recites certificate of Sir Henry Marten as 

Hampton Court, to the cause of tlie scarcity of oysters, calendared under date of 6tli 

July last. No. 23. It was ordered that no oysters be henceforth 

taken off the common oyster grounds in Essex or Kent until 

they have twice shot, and shall come to wear and half wear. That 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 33 



1638. Vol. CCCXCIX. 

no person barrel any oysters but those of Colchester, Brightlingsea, 
Colne, and Pont, and other places where the best green oysters are 
bred. That no person buy oysters to sell again, until they be 
brought to the quays at London or elsewhere where common markets 
have used to be for oysters. That no oysters be exported but only 
for the provision of the Queen of Bohemia and the Prince of Orange. 
That no oystermen be permitted to dredge for oysters in Essex or 
Kent at prohibited times. Lastly, that the Lord High Admiral 
require the Judge of the Admiralty and also his vice-admirals and 
other officers of the Admiralty to see these orders observed. \_Copy. 

H ■pp-'] 

Sept. 29, 23. Order of Council. John Apsley, executor of Sir Allen Apsley, 
showed that the King in March last gave warrant for a commission 
for passing Sir Allen Apsley's accounts, which upon petition of some 
of Sir Allen's creditors, as John Apsley conceives, was stopped at 
the Great Seal, since which time, being ordered to pass the same in 
the ordinary way of accounts in the Exchequer, he endeavoured to do 
so, but cannot without some special warrant, because the accounts 
for 1626 and 1627 ought to be signed by four commissioners, and 
petitioner can get only three, and therefore he besought that the 
commission at the Great Seal m&y proceed, or the King be moved 
for a new commission, or 'to give warrant for allowing the accounts 
between his Majesty and Sir Allen, not yet allowed. The Lords 
finding this a business of importance appointed to consider it the 
third sitting in next term. [Braft. 1 p.] 

Sept. 29. 24. The like. The musicians, her Majesty's servants, born 
in foreign parts, showed that notwithstanding they were exempt 
under letters of Privy Seal from all sorts of subsidies and impositions, 
J et they do not refuse to pay any reasonable duties, but not only 
for ship-money but also for the poor, scavengers, watching, ward- 
ing, &c., they are commonly overcharged in respect of other richer 
parishioners. It was ordered that the officers in the parishes vbere 
petitioners live take care that they be rated indifferently. [_I)raft. 
Ip.-] 

Sept. 29. 25. The like. Joshua Gosselin, on behalf of John de Quitevill and 
others, showed that the Lords referred a difference between Quitevill 
and John Blanch to the Lord Privy Seal and the Earl of Derby, 
who appointed a day for both parties to appear, which has been 
signified to the son of Blanch. He for a colour to procure his father's 
liberty, now in prison in Guernsey, pretends that he is not sufficiently 
authorized nor instructed, but in regard Blanch the son came over 
to maintain his father's pretended right, petitioner besought the 
Lords that their order might take effect. The Lords declared that 
they would neither write letters nor make any further reference till 
the referees should have certified their opinions. [Draft 1 j3.] 

Sept, 29i 26. The like. William Moore, mariner, showed that, being com- 
plained of by John Simpson, mariner, for uttering, speeches upon the 

13. C 



34 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

1638. 



Vol. CCCXCIX. 



coast of Turkey against his Majesty, upon examination before 
Nathaniel Snape, justice of peace, he was committed to prison and 
the examiuation sent to the Attorney-General, who directed that 
bond should be taken for petitioner's appearance before Sir Henry 
Marten, Judge of the Admiralty, which was accordingly done. 
Siuce which Simpson having laboured to have a private agreement, 
petitioner being not willing to hearken thereunto, Simpson threatens 
to cause him to be brought before the Lords in custody. In regard 
that the complaint proceeds from mere malice, petitioner besought 
that he might be spared attendance upon the Board. The Lords 
understanding that the matter is before the .Judge of the Admiralty, 
require him to cause proceedings to be had with expedition. [Drafl. 

Sept. 29. 27. Draft minute of the said order, [^ ^.] 

Sept. 29. Order of the King in Council. Upon petition of Philip Bourne, 
Hampton Court, messenger, the Attorney-General is prayed to call before him the 
parties complained of, and to take measures to make them conform, 
or otherwise to punish the refractory, and to direct how petitioner 
may be satisfied his fees. {Draft 'nvi/nute. Written on the same 
paper as the preceding. ^ p.J 

Sept. 29. The like. On petition of John Bryet, the Lords pray the Lord 
Privy Seal to call petitioner and the parties complained of before 
him, and upon examination of the truth of this complaint to certify 
the Board what he conceives fit to be done therein. [Brafi minute. 
Ibid. ^ p.J 

Sept. 29. The like. [William] Walker to give bond with one surety in 
100?. to attend the Council within six days after notice left at his 
house in Hardingstone, co. Northampton. In the meantime to repair 
to the sheriff of that county and perform warrants for the shipping 
business. [Draft minute. Ibid. ^ p."] 

Sept. 29. The like. Further order in the case of the said William Walker, 
described as high constable of Wymersley, co. Northampton, and com- 
plained of for insolent words spoken, touching the shipping business. 
The Attorney-General is to examine him and to report what course 
is fit to be taken against him. After examination, Walker is to 
repair to the sheriff of co. Northampton as above directed. [Draft 
minute. Ibid. | j3.] 

Sept. 29. The like. The Attorney-General to examine Francis Sawyer, of 
[Hampton Kettering, co. Northampton, complained of for insolent behaviour 
°" ■-' and for rescuing a distress taken for ship-money, and to consider 
the answer of Sawyer, and to send for Drewry and the other bailiff, 
and upon examination of them to take such course as he shall think 
fit. Sawyer having given bond to attend the Council upon six days' 
notice, after examination taken he is to be discharged, [Draft 
mmute. Ibid, ^p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 35 



■^(538_ Vol. CCCXCIX. 

Sept. 29. 28. The Council to Hugh Peachy, messenger. To bring before 
the Lords Richard Stanton, of Ripley, Surrey. {Draft minute. 

Sept. 29. 29. The same to the Commissioners of Sewers of the East Riding 
in CO. York. A petition has been presented to the Council in the 
name of the inhabitants of Drypool, showing that the town being 
nigh the Humber, the banks are not sufficient to make resistance 
without continual charge of reparation, which is so great that it has 
often taken up the yearly value of the lordship, and greater breaches 
growing, petitioners will be enforced to leave their town, and the 
King's forts at HuH will be left to the apparent danger of being 
overflowed, for prevention, suit is made that order may be given 
for bringing in such part of the Level as by law is liable to the 
said reparations. The Board does not think fit to judge whether 
any or what part of the said Level be liable to the said reparations, 
but recommends it to you as a matter of importance to be deter- 
mined at your next sessions of Sewers. {Draft. 1 ^.] 

Sept. 29. 30. Minute for entry on Council Register of the appearance of 
Thomas Foote, of Lawrence Walton [Waltham St, Laurence], co. 
Berks, sent for by warrant for default at musters. {Draft. 3 ttmes.] 

Sept. 29. 31. The like of William King, of Chalgrave, William Partridge, 
and John Shemeld, of Woburn, co. Bedford, who upon certificate of 
the sheriff were discharged. {Draft. 4 Imes^ 

Sept. 29. 32. Certificate of Nicholas Stoughton, under-sheriff of Surrey, that 
William Cheeke, of Thames Ditton, had paid 8s. 8d, the amount of a 
joint assessment upon Capt. Wyld and the said Cheeke for ship-money. 
{Draft, ip.-] 

Sept. 29. 33. Account of Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1637. 
Total received, 13,2879?. 19s. id.; unpaid, 63,534?. 8s. 7d. [1 23.] 

Sept. 29. 34. Account of ship-money levied for 1637 and in the hands of 
the sheriffs; being 4,724?., which with 132,879?. paid to Sir William 
Russell makes a total collected of 1 37,603?. [1 p.'] 

Sept. 29. 35. Abstract of [articles received into the Wardrobe of Robes] 
from Michaelmas 1637 tiU. Michaelmas 1638. [i p.] 

Sept. 29. 36. Account of total receipts for impositions in the port of Lon- 
don outwards from Michaelmas 1637 till Michaelmas 1638 with 
payments thereout. Total receipts, 19,215?. 14s. 8i(i.; payments, 
16,084?.; leaving due, 3,131?. 14s. 8|c?. ; 2,000?. of which was subse- 
quently paid on the 14th February 1638-9. [i p.] 

Sept. 29. 37. Like account. The receipts being the same, 19,215?. 14s, 8id, 
but the payments on account 18,961?. los. Od. [f p.] 

Sept. 29. 38. Account rendered by a person unnamed of the produce of 
some estate. Received, 162?. 7s. Od.; disbursed, 7?. 9s. Od [1 p.] 

c 2 



36 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. VO..CCCXCIX. 

Sept. 30. 39. Order of the King in Council. Having heard Sir John 
Hampton Court. Man wood, Lieutenant of Dover Castle, and the mayor and jurats 
of Dover, touching keeping the boom in Dover Harbour, and what 
fee is fit to be allowed for the same, it was ordered that the boom 
shall be in the charge of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, the 
fee to be determined by the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington, 
and the Lord Warden and the Lieutenant of Dover Castle are re- 
quired to take care that the fee be not exceeded, and that the boom 
be so well attended that merchants have no cause to complain. 
[Copy. li^.] 

Sept. 30. 40. Another copy with the names of the Lords present in Council. 
[1^.] 

Sept. 30. 41. The like. There having been several days appointed for 
determining by battle the question of right between Claxton, de- 
mandant, and Lilborne, tenant, for lands in co. Durham, and by the 
last appointment the same is to be tried by the champions of the 
parties on the 22nd of December next, it was ordered that the 
judges of that circuit take the case into consideration, and if they 
can find any just way by law how the combat may be put off and 
the cause put into another way of trial, his Majesty would have it 
so, but otherwise, since Lilborne has had a judgment upon a de- 
murrer against Claxton, and has had costs for his vexation, and since 
that Claxton has brought a new action upon which Lilborne has 
waged battle, his Majesty will not deny the trial of law, if it may 
not be legally prevented. [Braft. 1 p.'] 

Sept. 30. 42. The like. The general muster of the trained bands for the 

Hampton Court, city of London shall be once every year, upon some day appointed 

by the Lord Mayor between the last of March and 20th of April, 

but for the present his Majesty is pleased that a general muster be 

forborne until the time prefixed. [_I)raft. |p.] 

Sept. 30. 43. The like. The difference between directions heretofore given 
Hampton Court, to the Lord Keeper, some from his Majesty and some by the Council, 
having been an occasion to retard the service, it was ordered for 
settling the same, that the Lord Keeper issue commissions to the 
Earl Marshal, Earl of Dorset, Sec. Windebank, Sir Henry Spiller, 
Inigo Jones, surveyor of works, John Heme, Lawrence Whitaker, and 
George Long. One of the said commissions for examining the abuses 
of the brick and tile makers, the other the abuses of the bricklayers, 
the commissioners proceeding so that his Majesty's duty arising 
from the corporation of brickmakers be not impeached, but that 
especial care be taken for true making brick and tile, and that the 
prices do not exceed. [Drq/it. ] p.] 

Sept. SO. 44. Copy of the same. [1 J ^.j 

Sept. 30. 45. The like. Order for examination of Francis Sawyer, of 
Hampton Court, Kettering, CO. Northampton, whereof a draft minute has been already 
calendared under the date of the 29th September inst. [1 p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 37 



1538 Vol. CCCXCIX. 

Sept. 30. 46. Examination of the said Francis Sawyer, taken before the 
Attorney-General, in explanation of the rescue and assault already 
mentioned in the certificate of Roger Booth and Samuel Linell, 
calendared under date of the 6th inst.. No. 19, and of William 
Drewry and William Carter, of the 8th inst.. No. 31. He alleges 
that Drewry took up an axe to strike at him, whereupon examinant's 
wife coming out of the house, and being great with child, cried, 
" Thou rogue ! Wiltst thou kiE my husband ? " and took up a hand- 
saw, and struck Drewry upon the head behind his back, whereat 
Drewry threw away the axe, and said, " Now it is as I would have 
it ! " Sawyer confesses that he kept his horse, and would not suffer 
him to be carried away. [1 p.~\ 

Sept. 30. Similar examination of William Walker, high-constable of Wym- 
ersley, co. Northampton. Denies that he complained of the burthen 
laid upon the kingdom by ship-money, or that he spoke of the news 
of Scotland, or said that he believed the ship-money would do the 
like here in England ere it were long, or that the King was under 
a law as well as a subject. [ Written on the same paper as the 
preceding. | p.'] 

Sept. 30. 47. The Council to the Lord Mayor of London. His Majesty and 
Hampton Court, tjiig Board have been acquainted by Lord Cottington that the King's 
pleasure being by him signified to you for removing the great an- 
noyance that is given by Moor Ditch, you undertook that it should 
be set in hand and finished in the time of your mayoralty, there 
being a good sum of money levied for that work above two years 
since. Complaint has again been made that there has nothing been 
done, but that the annoyance has grown to be far more noisome. 
We are to let you know that his Majesty takes very ill your so 
great neglect in performance of his command and your own engage- 
ment. Albeit we cannot hope you can now absolutely remove that 
annoyance in your time of government of the city, yet you are forth- 
with to cause an entrance to be made and to put it into a good way 
to be finished, that his Majesty and the Board be no more troubled. 
[Draft. 2 pp.'] 

Sept. 30. 48. The same to the Judges of Assize for Somerset. The 
Hampton Court, parishioners of Weston Zoy land complain that the parishioners of 
Middlezoy and other adjacent parishes have, contrary to precedent, 
assessed Thomas Crompton towards ship-money for the parsonage 
and tithes of Weston Zoyland with those of Middlezoy and others 
which belong to that parsonage, but have never been rated but with 
Weston parish. We pray you to settle a course for equal rating the 
said parishes for all public payments. [Draft. 1 p.} 

Sept. 30. 49. Order of Council. With reference to the above-mentioned 
complaint of the parishioners of Weston Zoyland it is ordered that 
for this time they should pay the rate set upon them for the shipping 
business, and at the next assizes attend the judges to whom the Lords 
have referred the indifferent rating of those parishes. [Draft, f p.} 



38 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCXCIX. 



Sept. 30. 50. The Council to the Judges of Assize for Dorset. Since our 
letter of the 24th we have received a certificate from Mr. Hollis, Sir 
Thomas Trenchard, &c., in the business between Mr. Lawrence and 
Thomas Devonish, but in regard we have already commended the 
examination thereof to you, we hold it not fit to give order therein, 
but send you the said certificate and a petition of Devonish that 
you may either settle the difference or return certificate to the 
Lords. [Drap. f ^.] 

Sept. 30. 51. The same to Sir John Evelyn, Robert Hide, of Hatch, John 
Penruddock, Robert Hide, Recorder of Sarum, and John Bowles, 
Justices of Peace in Wilts. Roger Bedbury, postmaster of Sarum, 
has abused the country thereabouts and the Secretary of State's 
warrant which empowers him upon extraordinary occasions for the 
King's service to take up horses, but he makes it his practice when 
there is no such service to send weekly for eight or ten horses, and 
either lets them to hire or keeps them at his inn to gain by their 
standing there, or discharges them for money; for which great 
abuse we hold it necessary that there be some speedy and exemplary 
punishment inflicted, and require you to take examination and 
certify the same to this Board. \_Draft. 2 pp.} 

Sept. 30. 52. The same to the Lord Lieutenant of co. Durham [sio\. His 
Hampton Court. Majesty has sent to Kingston-upon Hull and Newcastle 40 lasts of 
powder with match and bullet, that such of his subjects as are 
desirous may purchase the same. You are to let that county and 
the corporations therein know his Majesty's care, and that you may 
make further use of it as there shall be occasion, [Probably this 
letter was superseded by one to the same effect addressed to the 
bishop. Ip.] 

Sept. 30. 63. Copy of the same with memorandum that letters of similar 
effect were addressed to the Lords Lieutenant of Northumberland, 
Cumberland, and Westmoreland, as well as to Durham. [1 p^ 

Sept. 30. Another copy. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p.2'3. 1 p.] 

Sept. 30. 54. Order of Council. His Majesty has referred to this Board 

Hampton Court, the petitions of George Henley and Nicholas Polhill touching a 

complaint made against them by the Dutch West India Company. 

The Lords appoint to hear the business on the 10th of October. 

[Draft. 1 p.] 

Sept. 30. 55. The Council to the Mayor of Colchester. We are informed 
that a principal cause of the scarcity of oysters is that persons are 
licensed by you to dredge for oysters in the water of Colne at 
unseasonable times. His Majesty is very sensible of your want of 
better government in this particular, and you are to take order that 
no persons be suffered to dredge for oysters within your jurisdiction 
at times prohibited or when oysters spat. [Draft, with note that 
there was a similar letter to the mayor of Maldon for the water of 
Pont. 1 p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 39 



1638. 



Vol. CCCXCIX. 



Sept. 30. 56. The Council to the Lord Mayor of London. The King being 
Hampton Court, acquainted that, notwithstandiug frequent orders, the house at the end 
of the church of St. Michael le Querne is still suflFered to stand, we 
are to let you know that he expected that you had compounded 
with the man who now possesses the said house, and that it had been 
long since pulled down. He requires you without further delay to 
satisfy the owner, and to cause it to be taken down, and the conduit or 
fountain adjoining the church to be left according to the former 
orders. {Draft, f p.'\ 

Sept. 30. 57. Council of War to Sir Robert Pye. To draw order by virtue 
of Privy Seal of 26th July, for issuing to John Quarles, merchant, 
10,000^. upon account, for arms for 2,000 arquebusiers, with pistols 
and carabines. \I)raft. \ ^.] 

[Sept. 30.] Another copy. \8ee Vol. cccxcvi., p. 24. f p.] 

Sept. 30. 58. Minute for entry on the Council Register of warrant of the 
Council for Mr. HUl, his Majesty's auditor of North and South 
Wales, with the receivers of the same and their clerks and servants, 
who are shortly to go into those parts for keeping his Majesty's 
audits, to be lodged and billeted in private houses clear from in- 
fection, paying for what they take at reasonable prices, and with a 
clause of assistance. [Draft, f p.J 

Sept. 30. 59. The like to Richard Charnock, Stephen Harrison, Thomas 
WoodaU, and W. Baker, to search for soap. [Draft. 1 j?.] 

Sept. SO. 60. The like of Council pass for Sir Thomas Hanmer, of Hanmer, 
CO. Flint, with his brother John Hanmer, to travel for three years, 
with proviso not to go to Rome. [Minute. ^ p.J 

Sept. 30. 61. Draft entry of appearance before the Council of Miles Whit- 
worth, of Earls Barton, co. Northampton. To remain in the 
messenger's custody. [4 lines.'] 

Sept. 30. The like of David Malcot, of Little Barford, co. Bedford. [ Written 
on the same paper as the preceding, i lines.] 

Sept. 30. 62. The like of discharge of David Malcot, collector of ship-money 
for Little Barford, upon his undertaking to attend the sheriff of 
Bedford with the moneys collected, and to return the names of such 
as are behind, and in future to perform such waiTants as he shall 
receive from the sheriflF. [^ p.] 

Sept. 30. 63. The like of discharge of Sir Robert Wood, sent for by close 
warrant for default at musters in Berks, upon his undertaking that 
his tenants shall find such arms for his lands in Maidenhead as 
shall be enjoined by the Deputy Lieutenants. [^ p.] 

Sept. SO. 64. Petition of John Johnston, of London, merchant, to the 
Council. In 1634 petitioner delivered money to Philip Burlamachi 
to have been paid in France, but no payment was made, and Burla- 
machi becoming insolvent requested four years' grace for payment 



40 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 

1638 



Vol. CCCXCIX. 



of 2261. 6s. 4ci!., being 561. 6s. 7d. yearly, which petitioner con- 
descended unto, and so much the rather as verbally Burlamachi 
promised consideration for forbearance of the money, which four 
years is expired, yet no payment made, although Burlamachi lives at 
a high rate, and gives satisfaction to no man, maintaining himself 
from action under shelter of his Majesty's protection. Petitioner 
prayed order to stop any new protection tiU Burlamachi shall have 
given satisfaction. [-^ p.] Underwritten, 
64. I. Mr. Burlamachiis to taJce order for petitioner's satisfaction, 
or to show cause why there should not be an order entered 
against him as desired. Hampton Court, BOth September 
1638. l^p.-] 

Sept. 30. 65. Petition of the Society of Apothecaries of London to the 
Council. Petitioners having presented the Board with a petition 
craving assistance for regaining their right entrenched upon bj' a 
late charter of incorporation of the distillers, it was ordered that 
Sir Theodore Mayerne, Sir William Brouncker, and Dr. Cadiman 
should see that petition, and give in their answer to the Board against 
this day. Petitioners pray time to answer such things as Sir Theodore 
and the others urge for confirmation of their patent, in opposition 
to his Majesty's charter to petitioners. [J p."] 

Sept. 30. 66. Petition of Sir Theodore de Mayerne, First Ph5^sician to the 
King and Queen, Sir William Brouncker, one of the Gentlemen of 
the Privy Cbamber, and Thomas Cadyman, Physician to the Queen, 
to the same. Answer to a petition of the Company of Apothecaries, 
presented the 23rd September, in which they complained of the dis- 
tillers, and especially of Sir Theodore and the two other answerers, 
as having obtained a charter which interfered with the charter granted 
to the apothecaries. The answer runs out into a great variety of 
details, but the chief points alleged are, that the charter granted to 
the apothecaries was limited to the preparations in the Pharmacopeia 
Londinensis and such others as physicians should prescribe, but that 
the trade of the distillers existed long before the grant of the charter 
to the apothecaries, and that the charters granted to Sir Theodore 
Mayerne and the others were for new inventions. The Lords are 
called upon to admonish the apothecaries to content themselves with 
their proper trades, to speak with reverence of the Lords, to acknow- 
ledge their teachers and superiors, the physicians, after a more 
" respective " manner, to think of nothing more than to furnish their 
shops well, and to use diligence about their patients. [2 J pp."] 

Sept. 30. 67. Order of Council. That a copy of the answer above calen- 

Hainpton Court, dared of Sir Theodore Mayerne and the others to the petition of the 

Company of Apothecaries be delivered to the apothecaries, and the 

Lords appoint to hear the said differences on tiie 24th October. 

Sept, 30. 68. Draft of the same. [^ ^^.J 



DOIHESTIC — CHAELES I. 41 



] ggg^ Vol. CCCXCIX. 

Sept. 30. Henry Earl of Holland, Chief Justice, and Justice in Eyre of the 
Hampton Court. Forests On this side Trent, to Sir Thomas Trevor, Baron of the Ex- 
cliequer, and Sir Robert Berkeley, Justice of the King's Bench. 
General deputation to execute all things relating to the Earl's office 
before mentioned. Stated in the margin to be for adjournment of 
the justice seat in Essex. \Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 27. 1 p.] 

Sept. 30. 69. See Eetums made by Justices of Peace. 

[Sept. ?] 70. Petition of [Mary] Lady Carr, wife of Sir Robert Carr.of Sleaford, 
to the King. Petitioner's husband has obtained from your Majesty 
a licence to travel for five years, which is a longer time of divorce 
than has usually been known. Immediately before obtaining that 
licence he made a secret conveyance of his estate to strangers, having 
not made any known provision for the maintenance of herself and 
her children. Aspersions may be laid upon petitioner as if she had 
given cause for this unnatural departure. Prays that her husband 
may be stayed until she have time to make her innocency appear, 
and to provide for the relief of her children. [J p.] 

Sept. 71. Petition of the Dean and Chapter of Bristol to the same. By 

your Majesty's pleasure, signified in December 1637, we are restrained 
from granting any further estate in the leases of Banwell and 
Peterston to the intent they might be ordered for the benefit of the 
cathedral church and choir. Since then by thunder and lightning 
a main pinnacle of the tower is beaten down, and the tower itself 
dangerously shattered, the repair whereof will be a charge exceeding 
the abilities of that poor cathedral. Petitioners pray for a release 
of the said restraint, that by the fines of these leases petitioners may 
be enabled to undergo the charge of the said reparations. [_% p.J 

Sept. 72. Petition of Alexander Jenings to the Council. Petitioner 

being a prisoner from 28th June 1636 till 25th June 1638, at the 
latter date gave bond to appear before the Lords the second 
Friday in Michaelmas Term, since which he had accordingly 
attended, but had not been called. Prays consideration of his long 
imprisonment and restraint, and order for his discharge. [| p.^ 

Sept. 73. Another similar petition of the same to the same. [^ p.} 

[Sept. ?] 74. Petition of William Copley, of Gatton, Surrey, to the King. 
Your Majesty referred to the Archbishop of Canterbury a former 
petition complaining of an undue marriage made by Sir Richard 
Weston, of Sutton, co. Surrey, between his younger son, George 
Weston, and Anne Copley, petitioner's grand-daughter, to her infinite 
prejudice, by reason of great disparity both in years and estate, and 
to the utter ruin of petitioner's family, as to the archbishop on the 7th 
inst. appeared, when the archbishop according to his Majesty's order 
of the 7th August, thought fit to sequester the young couple, and to 
keep the gentlewoman in safe custody, both from Sir Richard and 
petitioner, until his grace might know into whose hands to deliver 
her until by legal proceedings further justice might be had. Prays 



42 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I, 



_ggg Vol. CCCXCIX. 

that since Sir Richard Weston excepts against petitioner having the 
custody of the young gentlewoman she may be out of Sir Richard's 
custody, and that she may be put into the hands of some indifferent 
person, such as the archbishop shall make choice of, until the con- 
troversy of the pretended marriage be ended. [1 p.] 

[Sept ?] 75. [Petition of William Copley, of Gatton, Surrey, to the King.] Sir 
Richard Weston claims the custody of the young gentlewoman [Anne 
Copley] as his ward. The wardship was granted to Mr. Townley, 
deceased, and not to Sir Richard. And whereas Sir Richard pretends 
it was to Mr. Townley, in trust for him, petitioner can prove that 
Mr. Townley was intrusted for the mother, at whose costs the ward- 
ships of her two daughters were purchased, not at Sir Richard's, and 
albeit the mother dying trusted Sir Richard with the custody of her two 
daughters, yet this was upon his promise that he would never marry 
this gentlewoman to his younger son, nor to any younger brother, 
which trust Sir Richard has broken, having abused the court of 
wards by misinformations that he had her friends' consent to marry 
her, whereas they were all strangers thereunto, and have ever 
disclaimed so injurious proceedings. Prays that Sir Richard may 
not have the gentlewoman rendered again to him before these con- 
troversies be determined. [| p.] 

Sept. 76. Petition of John Bodington to the Council. Petitioner was 

committed to the Gatehouse, and was examined by the Attorney- 
General, In the examination mention being made of words uttered 
by his master against Justice Hutton in Westminster Hall, he 
declared that he thought Thomas Harrison, his kinsman and master, 
was of that ability he neither would say nor do anything but what 
he would justify. Petitioner now sees his error in not acknowledging 
his over-much boldness in so speaking, notwithstanding his master's 
admonitions to the contrary, as also his not hitherto making sub- 
mission and suit for pardon, whereby his master through great 
discontent .at his rashness has almost shaken off his wonted affection 
to him, that being his only means of subsistence. Prays forgiveness 
and order for his enlargement, having suffered these many weeks 
much hard endurance, [f p.J 

Sept. 77. Capt. Thomas Dymoke to Sec. Windebank. Reminds him 

of a reference left with him at Oatlands ; requests that he may be 
received within the lists of his profession. Sir Ralph Bingley, in 
whose regiment he commanded, made a public oath to see his 
service recompensed, and the Duke [of Buckingham] graced him above 
a common merit, yet now he stands rejected for want of friends and 
witnesses, and no marvel, that colonel with his whole regiment 
perishing, and the writer in the same action being taken prisoner. 
Understands there are towns to be garrisoned ; solicits a charge of 
that kind. [1 p.] 

Sept. 78. Susan Countess of Denbigh to the same. The King com- 

manded me to signify to you his pleasure that Mrs. Care's [Carey's] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 43 



1638. 



Vol. CCCXCIX. 

man be released before his going to "Woodstock. I pray you see 
him set free, for he is very sick of a fever. [1 p."] 



Sept. 79. John Lobb to Sec Windebank. Colonel Goring, now absent on 

Portsmouth, service in the North, left the care of his command with the writer, 
being sergeant-major, of the garrison-at Portsmouth, with direction to 
send letters to him to Sec. Windebank. [1 p.] 

[Sept.] 80. Petition of Francis Cheynell, fellow of Merton College, Oxford, 

to Archbishop Laud, patron of Merton College. At the visitation 
lately held at Merton College, petitioner gave answer to the articles 
propounded, yet upon his sudden answer to some collateral questions 
he was suspended by the commissioners for a fortnight, because he 
refused to do reverence towards the altar till the governors of the 
church should give some public instructions in an ecclesiastical 
injunction'. Petitioner having submitted to their censure, and 
being exactly conformable to the discipline of the church established 
by canon, desires leave to enjoy that liberty which the church as 
yet thinks fit to give. [J p.J 

[Sept.] 81. Return by the Mayor of St. Alban's of the names of some of 

the chief persons in that town who refuse to pay ship-money, [f p."] 

[Sept.] 82. Estimate of the profit likely to accrue to a company for the 

manufacture of starch, after paying rents to the King and the Earl 
of Dorset, amounting together to 3,500?. per annum. [| p."] 

[Sept.] 83. Certificate of the constables of Castor in Lindsey, co. 

Lincoln, that they levied a mare belonging to John Barnard, an 
attorney, for 3s., part of 8s. assessed for ship-money. The mare 
was put into the common pound, and the same night Barnard's man, 
Thomas Wilson, broke the fold and took out the mare. Barnard 
threatens an action against them. [| p.] 

[Sept.] 84. List of the sheriffs for England and Wales for 1638. [1 p.] 

[Sept.] 85. Statement by Robert Toomes and Thomas Cowper of persons 

who had opposed them in the collection of ship-money in co. North- 
ampton. They were Kelomy Smith, of Weedon Beck alias Weedon 
Street, Thomas Robins, of Buckby Long, Roger Linnell, of Wilton, 
and especially Edmund Farmer, of Daventry, who said that he had 
never paid the money he was taxed at and never would, and that 
it was a good deed to beat such drunken, rascally rogues as they were 
out of the town. [| p.] 

Sept. 86. Sir Thomas Fanshaw to the Council. According to order of 

the 30th of June, I and the clerk of my office were commanded to 
make certificate of all debts assigned to his Majesty by any farmer 
or other accountant in the eighth year of the King's reign, and what 
proceedings have been taken thereon and how discharged, and to 
do the liie for debts found by inquisition, all which we have per- 
formed, the cause of the conditions of some of the bonds not being 



44 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCXCIX, 

expressed is that the suits being ended the bonds are delivered up. 

[I pJ] Annexed, 

86. I. The account above mentioned. [84 leaves, one being blanJc.2 



Vol. CCCC. Octobee 1-31, 1638. 



Oct. 1. 1. Algernon Earl of Northumberland to Sir John Pennington. 

Sion. This day I I'eceived a signification of his Majesty's pleasure that I 
should repair toward the sea-side, to receive the Queen-Mother, 
•who is coming over in the Admiral of Holland, accompanied with 
three or four other ships. 1 have given order to Capt. Phineas Pett 
(who was accidentally with me here at that time) to take care that 
my sea-barge, together with some other bold and handsome boats, be 
sent down to j'ou, ready for that service. You will not fail to be 
somewhat yare in observing the signs of her Majesty's approach, 
that you may send the said boats to the place of her landing, whether 
it be Dover, Margate, or Deal. I hope to be at Rochester on 
Wednesday night, and at Canterbury on Thursday, there to stay 
till I hear of her Majesty's landing. Yours of the 26th September 
requires no answer. [1 p.'] 

Oct. 1. 2. Denzell Holies to William Earl of Salisbury. Some fortnight 

Damerham. since your man Stillingfleet brought me a letter in your name [see 
it calendared under 25th June 1638, Vol. cccxciii. No., 55] of a very 
ill composition in matter and form, to which I had returned an 
answer sooner if sooner I had returned home. " The style is such as 
I cannot believe yourself did dictate it, who better do know how to 
write to the son of one of your own rank, nor do I think but that 
you have so bred your younger sons that there is none of them but 
would stomach the receiving of such a letter. I understand myself 
better, and know what respect is due to one of my quality than to 
be well pleased with it, for beginning, middle, and end, inside and 
outside, are all below me, who am it seems above your secretary's 
level, that he knows not how to write to me in such manner as is 
fit." I perceive you are told many untruths, and it seems you 
hearken to them, which will cause you lose good friends and get ill 
servants. I have been a fool to bestow so much money, 5001. with 
the least, besides what my father-in-law had done before me, which 
was near twice as much, to repair a rotten house not fit for a gen- 
tleman to live in, and to spend 1,000?. a year upon a beggarly 
hundred pound farm of such a landlord's land, who gives me so 
little thanks for it, and uses me with so little respect. As to cutting 
down trees, the writer gives a minute account of how many he had 
cut down, for what purpose, and how he had proceeded before 
doing so. Those needed for rebuilding a barn had been selected and 
felled by a gentleman who had acquaintance with building, with the 
previous knowledge of Stillingfleet j " for the others," he states, "I 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 45 



1638, Vol. CCCC. 

did not ask nor never will for such a matter, therefore sue me when 
you will, I will confess the action, and paj'- the trespass as it shall 
be valued, and do it again next time I have need, for don't think I 
will run to your officer at Cranborne, or I know not where, to beg 
a tree and tarry his pleasure to assign it me. I use my own tenants 
better. To a gentleman, or one I respect, I am not so nippy a 
landlord to stand strictly upon assigning him every tree, but so it be 
for needful reparations, let him take them himself, yet I think my 
quality and manner of life may better expect such favour and 
freedom from you than any of theirs can do from me," Explains 
how careful he had been to preserve the trees upon his farm. He 
thanks God he can dwell upon his own land, and is a little too proud 
to live so upon alms for timber. " As for the tops and bark, truly 
it is so poor a thing, and so much below me, I never so much as 
thought of it. I myself give to my tenants above forty trees, and 
yet scorn to take it ; only this I can say, the tops serve for firewood 
and save so much shrouding. And now for your last charge, which 
is shrouding of trees for fuel : I have done no more than my lease 
warrants me ; all the fault is, I have been too sparing, except I had 
more thanks for it. And so, my Lord, being answered, I rest, my 
Lord, as you use me, at your service, Denzell Holles." [Seal 
with arms. SJjjp.] 

Oct. 1. 3. Receipt of Thomas Welch, messenger, for 10 letters delivered 

to him by Nicholas, directed to the Lords Lieutenant of cos. Not- 
tingham, York, Durham, Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmore- 
land, Lancaster, Chester, Stafford, and Derby. [^ |3.] 

Oct. 1. 4. List of papers to be despatched by the Council, sent to 

Mr. Mathews. Mr. Murford's petition. Letter from the Vice-Pre- 
sident of York about Conisbrough Iron Forge. Sir Theodore 
Mayeme's answer to the Apothecaries. The States Ambassador's 
memorial about Henley and Polhill. Mr. Wallinger's answer to 
Capt. Ogle. Letter from Sec. Windebank with the Spanish Resi- 
dent's answer to Mr. Newton. Sir Dudley Carleton's report touching 
the Spanish Resident and Mr. Newton. [| ^.] 

Oct. 1. 5. Bond of Francis Sawyer, of Kettering, co. Northampton, gen- 

tleman, and Samuel Moore, of Northampton, mercer, to the King in 
100?., conditioned for appearance of Sawyer before the Council upon 
six days' notice. [| p.] 

Oct. 2. 6. Richard Chapman, Mayor of Bath, and others to the Council. 

Bath, We have received your letter of the 16th June, in which it appears 
that there is found to be in arrear of the shipping-money from Bath, 
for 1636, lOZ. By our then instructions the city was to pay 70Z., but 
William Bassett, then sheriff of Somerset, willed the then mayor to 
make a rate for 60L only, and that the \Ql. residue the hundred of 
Bath Forum would pay, for which cause we paid in but 60?. 



46 



DOMESTIC—CHARLES I. 



1638. 
Oct. 2, 



Oct. 2. 
Dover Castle. 



Oct. 2. 
Thorpe. 



Oct. 2. 



Vol. CCCC. 

7. Petition of Edward Corbett, one of the Proctors of the Uni- 
versity of Oxford, to Archbishop Laud, Chancellor of the University. 
Petitioner was wished by Mr. Vice-Chaneellop in your Grace's name, 
either to bow towards the altar at the University common prayers, 
or to forbear to officiate. From his heart he loves the Church of 
England, and not only cheerfully observes her doctrine and disci- 
pline, but would defend the same with his pen or blood. If 
besides what is established, anything be thought fit to be prac- 
tised, prays the archbishop either to order him to do it, or else to 
leave hira to that liberty which our religious King and orthodox 
Church have allowed. [J p. Endorsed, " Sent up by the Vice- 
Ghancellor, October 2nd, 1638."] 

8. Sir John Man wood to Nicholas. I was at Hampton Court to 
have waited upon you about the order, but understanding of the 
Queen-Mother's coming over, and that she would land at Dover, I 
durst not stay, but desired Sir Anthony Pell to request you to 
suspend shewing the King the order till I come up. Now, finding 
that I must attend the King's service here, I desire you to give me 
a copy of the order by the bearer, or that you will shew it to 
Mr. Harbor [Herbert], the Queen's Attorn ey* before it be entered, 
and that you would not deliver it to the Lord Treasurer and Lord 
Cottington till I come up, and to that effect pray speak to the King, 
for it concerns me to inform the Lords of the errors in the certificate 
before they settle the fees. P.S. — After the Queen-Mother is come 
over, and if she do not pass by Dover, I have business of the King's 
that will detain me 14 days or three weeks. \_Seal with arms. 
2 pp.} 

Nicholas to [Edward] Sherburne. Cannot send him the order 
upon the East India Company's petition till he has shewed it to 
his Majesty, which could not be till Sunday next, in regard the 
King goes to-morrow into Kent, and will not be back till Saturday. 
For the first point of the petition the King assured, the Company 
that he would appoint a committee to report the business against 
Mr. Kynnaston and Mr. Bonneale. For the second point, Nicholas 
had sent to Mr. Courteen to attend his Majesty next Sunday. His 
Majesty having spoken with him, will give an answer to that part 
of their petition. For the third point his Majesty said that he 
would give the company his countenance in all their just petitions. 
[Copy. Nicholas's Letter Booh, see Dom, James I., Vol. ccxix,, 
p. 168.] 

9. Petition of Thomas Bowyer, son and heir of Sir Thomas Bowyer, 
to the King. Upon petitioner's former beseeching for competence 
of livelihood and prevention of disinherison endeavoured by his 
father for petitioner's intermarrying with a gentlewoman whose 
portion fulfilled not his expectation, your Majesty referred a media- 
tion therein to some of the Council (see Vol. cctilxii., Wo. 35.) The 
Lords not prevailing with petitioner's father, petitioner is necessitated 



DOMESTIC! — CHARLES I. 47 



1638. 



Vol. CCCC. 



to appeal herein to your benignity. There being no other cause of 
his father's indignation, petitioner is advised he ought not to be 
disinherited. The dignity of baronet conferred on his father in 
1629 is descendible primo loco to petitioner and his heirs male, and 
it seems repugnant to reason that the estate which ought to support 
the dignity should be totally aliened from it, and petitioner, who by 
your Majesty's own act is intended the inheritor of both, should 
survive, utterly despised, without any provision of competency in 
present or future. Petitioner hopes there are precedents for preven- 
tion of undeserved disinherison. Prays his Majesty to hear this cause, 
and direct that petitioner and his father (now in London) may be 
commanded to attend. [-1 ^.] Underwritten, 

9. I. His Majesty is contented to hear this business in person, and 
petitioner is to attend one of the Secretaries of State to 
know xvhat time his Majesty will appoint. Hampton 
Court, 2nd October, IQS8. [Copy. ^ p.] Endorsed, 

9. II. Appointment by his Majesty to hear this business on 
Sunday the 18th November. Whitehall, ^rd November 
1638. [8 Zwes.] 

Oct. 3. 10. Algernon Earl of Northumberland to Sir John Peunington. 

Sion. Yesterday I signified unto you the advertisement of the coming of 
Queen-Mother hither, with his Majesty's pleasure therein {see No. 1). 
The likeliest place where she intends to land will be Margate. You 
will have a special care to send some vessel to ply eastward of the 
North Foreland to observe her Majesty's approach, she being to 
come in the Admiral of HoUand, accompanied with three or four 
ships more, and to give you speedy information that I may have 
knowledge and give my attendance. [] p.] 

Oct. 3. 11. Thomas BusheU to Sec. Windebank. I omit no place to 

The Castie, search for ore, where either fame or the symptoms of the ground 

Aberystwith, j^yj^g me. I have lighted upon a vein near PoUthelly [PwUheli] 

which was never wrought, though known these twenty years, and 

may serve for a good additament to melt his Majesty's mines Koyal, 

by reason that it can be brought to the Mint by sea. I have 

- written to the persons who are pretenders to the land, a copy of 

which letters are here enclosed. I implore your aid to acquaint his 

Majesty, that the miners may not be put off by any man's greatness, 

my Lord of Dorset will second you. [1 p.] Enclosed, 

11. I. Thomas BusheU to Edward Lord Herbert of Chirbury. 
His Majesty being informed of the great p^^obability of 
lead ore, which holds silver, being buried in the barreiust 
mountains of Wales, has made it a work of his own care, 
with the countenance of his Royal Mint, trusting the 
writer with the pay of the miners. Solicits Lord Herbert's 
approbation before he mxikes farther trial upon his 
grounds near PoUthelly, for whose consent the King 
remits so much of his prerogative as to give a tenth ton 
to the owners of such lands. [| p.'] 



48 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



16S8. 
Oct. 3. 



Oct. 4. 
Eochester. 



Vol. CCCC. 

12. Memorandum of Capt. Nicholas Crispe. His Majesty having 
taken the business of the Benediction, in difference between the 
undersigned and Mr. Harborne and others, owners of that ship, into 
his own cognizance, the undersigned oblige themselves to stand to 
such award as his Majesty shall set down, and will enter into bond 
of 3,000Z. [I p.] 

13. Sir Henry Vane to Sir John Pennington. I have despatched 
the bearer to you that we may understand one another about the 
order, place, and manner of Queen-Mother's landing. The King's 
and Queen's coaches and twenty more will be ready to bring away 
lier train so soon as you advertise us to Canterbury whither to come, 
which must be at Margate or the Downs if possible ; and to manage 
the business so that her Majesty may come to Canterbury that night 
she disembarks, and that you give us so timely advice that we may 
have four or five hours time, that we may be upon the place you 
direct us to before she come to Canterbury. I have given this 
bearer order to stay with you until you meet with Queen-Mother 
at sea, and then as soon as you have descried her, and by the wind 
shall find whether it will be best to come to Deal or Margate, then 
to send him away ; but be sure you dispose of the business so that 
phe may be landed with her train by 12 or 1 of the clock, that we 
may carry her to Canterbury that night, for you know that at 
neither of those other places is there lodging fit for her reception. Her 
Majesty is brought out of Holland by [Van] Dorpe, and has five ships 
of war to attend her. She brings with her 6 coaches, 70 horses, and 
] 60 in her train ; by this you will easily descry her. She embarks 
in Holland at Hellevoetsluis, and in my opinion you will do well to 
ply up and down within sight of the North Foreland, for there she 
must come. You will do well, as soon as you can, to go aboard 
her, and salute her from the King, and deliver this packet, which 
is written from one of her Council that is come from her to the 
King and Queen, and is now with me, and directed to Signer Fabroni, 
her chief minister, who has written to him to dispose her for her 
landing in the same manner I have directed you, and also for sending 
Iier horses and baggage for Gravesend. It will be fit for you to send 
a Whelp to convey them. At Gravesend, servants of his Majesty 
will be ready to receive them, and from thence to carry them to 
tlieir quarters at St. James's, where all things are ready for them, 
and this will be much better for the horses and a great ease to the 
country. My Lord Admiral, I think, is still at Sion* I will lie in 
Canterbury to-morrow niglit. [| pj9.] 

Oct. 4. 14. John Buxton, Sheriff of Norfolk, to Nicholas. I have with 

EastWretham. daily labour and travail, besides great expenses in journeying up and 
down the country, levied by way of distress 400^., which is paid in to 
Sir "William Russell, and since that payment I have also raised 5001. 
more with extreme difficulty, which I have paid to the merchant to 
be repaid by bill of exchange to Sir William on Wednesday come 
sennight. The residue I shall endeavour to levy and pay in within 
three weeks, being 400Z. or thereabouts. Stephenson and Eey- 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



49 



1638. Vol. CCCC. 

nolds, constables of Blofield hundred, entered bond to Sir Dudley 
Carleton, (being sent for by pursuivant,) to collect the moneys, and 
pay it in by the 27th September last, but have not as yet performed 
it. At this time they owe 1251., which they have promised to pay 
in next week. Although most of the chief constables have assured 
me they will execute the warrant I have given them for distress, 
3'et I am glad to assist them by my presence, labour, and a.uthority. 
Truly it is a work of that difficulty and excessive charge to me, 
besides the hate I have incurred of my country for executing those 
commands imposed on me, for which I am grown even odious to 
them, that were I not supported by his Majesty's acceptance of 
my service it were insupportable, and I should sink under the burden. 
But I thank his Majesty for his goodness towards me, and the 
board when I was convented before them, which if I may have still 
it will be no small comfort to me ; and I desire you to oblige me, a 
stranger, to do me what friendly office you can in rendering account 
to the board of my integrity and duty, and in particular to my Lord 
Marshal, that I may make it appear that I have endeavoured to 
verify the commendations he gave of me at the Council Board. 
[Seal with arms. 1 p.] 

Oct. 6. 15. Account of Sir William Kussell of ship-money for 1637. 

Total received 134,636^. Is. 8d. ; received 61,778^. 6s. [1 p.] 

Oct. 6. 16. Account of sums levied and remaining in the hands of the 

sheriffs, total, 4,450?., which, added to the sum received as above 
by Sir William Eussell, made the total collected 139,086Z., being 
32,312L less than was paid in that time twelve months. [1 p."] 

Oct. 7. 17. Sea Windebank to Lord Keeper Coventry. It is his Majesty's 

WhitehaU. pleasure that the judges of all the courts at Westminster that have 
been accustomed to impanel juries of their officers and clerks to 
inquire of matters concerning the same, shall impanel such juries 
this term, and inquire what fees have been usually taken in such 
courts by the officers of the same for 30 years last past, upon certifi- 
cate whereof his Majesty will take a course for settling such fees. 
The Lord Keeper is not only to perform this in the Court of Chancery, 
but to signify the same to the judges of the other courts. [Copy. 

Oct. 7. 18. Thomas Fulnetby, Lieutenant of Deal Castle, to Nicholas. We 

Deal Castle, hear of a change of the Lord Warden. I hope it is not so, being I 
have not yet concluded my business about my place. I have been 
sick of a burning [?] fever almost ever since I was at London, and 
so has the gentleman that should have my place. He has promised 
that he will be at London within this fortnight, and when he comes 
lie will dispatch it. I have agreed for 130?., which I desire you to 
receive for me, and keep it until I shall be able to come to London. 
His name [is] William Luke. Capt. Benson wiU come with him. And 
for Mr. More, give him what you think fit. I am scarce able at this 
present to hold my pen. [1 p.] 

13. D 



50 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. ^*^^-^^^^- 

Oct. 8. 19. John Nicholas to his son Edward Nicholas. The letters to 
WUton. the justices of peace I delivered to cousin Bowles, who would gladly 
have the recorder of Salisbury to be at the examination of the post- 
master's knavery. You shall do well to pacify the Lords that 
answer may not be expected of their letters until his return from 
the term. "l perceive the Queen-Mother will not be stayed by com- 
pliments. I pray her coming bring no prejudice to our State. It will 
be a fit time to send the stone bow at your brother's return. Send 
the mould with it. Your boys are both well, yet agues reign ex- 
ceedingly in these parts. I have made an end of wheat sowing, and 
not a drop of raiu. God send a good increase. It is much feared 
by the husbandmen that it will bring forth great plenty of weeds. 
Saturday night my great mallard of the Persian kind died. I fear 
this country is too cold for them. It was a goodly fowl, and as big 
as a goose. [_8eal with arms. 1 p."} 

Oct. 8. 20. Sir Ambrose Brown and Sir Francis Stydolfe, deputy-lieu- 

tenants of Surrey, to Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Charles Earl 
of Nottingham, Edward Viscount Wimbledon, and Henry Lord 
Maltravers, lords lieutenant. Certificate of the forces of the middle 
division, being the fourth part of the said county, — foot, 375 ; 
horse, 40. [1 p.} 

Oct. 9. Minute of the King's pleasure that the Brewers of London should 

have their grant of incorporation renewed, with the additions men- 
tioned in the certificate next calendared. [Copy. See Vol. cccxxiii., 
p. 326. ^ p.] Pre-^uritten, 

I. Certificate of Sir Henry Vane and Attorney-General Bankes, 
referees of a petition of the brewers of London, praying 
for a renewal of their incorporation, with enlarged powers, 
calendared under date of the 13th February 1637-8. 
I7ie referees state the new provisions which should be 
inserted in the renewed charter. [Copy. Ibid., p. 325. 
Ip.] 

Oct. 9. 21. Petition of [Mary] Lady Carr, wife of Sir Eobert Carr, to the 

King. Your Majesty having been informed of divers differences 
between petitioner and her husband, directed Sec. Windebank to 
stay Sir Robert's licence to travel till he should settle a competent 
maintenance for petitioner and his children in his absence ; yet, Sir 
Robert pursues the procuring his licence without settling any such 
provision, and divers unkindnesses have been oflered to petitioner 
by Sir Eobert, and many insolencies by his servant. Prays reference 
to Archbishop Laud, Lord Keeper Coventry, Lord Treasurer Juxon, 
the Lord Privy Seal, and Lord Cottington. Underwritten, 

21. I. Reference to the persons above named, who are to call 
before them Sir Robert Carr and his lady, and to mediate 
an agreement, or certify his Majesty. Hampton Court, 
9th October 1638. [1 p.] 

Oct. 9. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cocxadii, fol. 323. 1 ^.j 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 51 



1638. Vol. CCCC. 

Oct. 9. 22. Richard Llewellin and John Wightwick, late bailiffs of 

Salop. Shrewsbury, to the Council. Having received writ • and directions 
for raising 376Z. in Shrewsbury for ship-money, the same has been 
taxed by us, and we have, by distraining, and committing refractory 
persons, levied 333L 13s. The remainder we cannot levy, because 
part are dead, part departed the town, and the rest decayed in their 
estates. We and our collectors are threatened to be questioned for 
distraining and imprisoning of divers persons, and have undergone 
many scandalous censures for our forwardness in levying the said 
money. '[Seal with arms. | ^.] 

Oct. 9. 23. William Heaward to [Sir John Lambe]. Eeport on proceed- 
Leicester. jugs in causes in the Ecclesiastical Court at Leicester. Answer of 
Berkeley Audley, sent to Sir John. One Whiting suggested by Drew 
Coke as co-adjutor to Mr. Watson, parson of Congerston. Commuta- 
tion of penances of Fulke Hancock and Olliff. Cause of Mr. 

Thistlethwaite about tenths at Humberstone. Drew Coke and his 
wife gone to Southwell, to the Archbishop of York. [1 p.] 

[Oct. 10.] 24. Petition of George Henley and Augustine Phillipps, of London, 
merchants, to the Council. By order of 19th August last petitioners 
cause concerning the Golden Wolf, belonging to the States, was 
referred to Sir Henry Marten, to certify to his Majesty the true 
state thereof. Petitioners have been at a great monthly charge of 

* 600?. in setting out a ship to recover satisfaction of the Dutch, and 

have lawfully taken the said Golden Wolf, and being denied pro- 
ceedings in the court of Admiralty against the said ship until his 
Majesty's pleasure be further signified, they pray the Lords to move 
the King to order the Judge of the Admiralty to proceed in their 
cause. [J jp.] 

Oct. 10. 25. Submission of Francis Sherwood and William Rymes. We 
have been convented before Henry Lord Maltravers, lieutenant to 
Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Earl Marshal, for scandalous 
speeches of Robert Eeade, viz., that he was not honest, and that he 
joined with others to play the knave with us and'others, by sending 
for us up by warrants to appear before the Council, and then to 
compound with us in private, and to share the moneys amongst 
themselves, and so let us go, all which was proved to have been 
spoken by us by John Nash and Humphrey Dewell. We acknow- 
ledge our sentence of imprisonment to be most just, and beseech 
Mr. Reade to pardon our offences, and also we acknowledge him to 
be an honest and worthy gentleman, and believe that his proceedings 
in the business of the leather patent were upon just grounds. [1 p.] 

Oct. 10. 26. Committee appointed by the Common Council of London to 
the alderman of the ward of Walbrook. He is to take unto him the 
common council of his ward, and present the demands of the clergy 
concerning tithes to the parishioners of the several parishes, and 
obtain their answer, whether they allow the same or except thereto, 
and in the latter case to set down the grounds of their exceptions, 

D 2 



52 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCC. 



and certify their doings on the 19th inst. The demands of the clergy 
of the parishes in that ward were: — St. Swithin's parish, 1101. ; St. 
Mary, Woolchurch, 130?. ; St. Stephen's, Walbrook, llOZ. ; St. Mary, 
Bothaw, 851. ; St. John Baptist, Walbrook, 951. [| p.} 

Oct. 10. 27. Information of Eobert Toomes and Thomas Cowper, Collectors 
of Ship-money. William Preston, steward to the Earl of Peter- 
borough, upon a distress taken of a mare for 40s. assesssed on the 
Earl, pursued Toomes and Cowper with hue and cry, by bills 
directed from constable to constable, charging them with stealing 
the mare. They were taken in their beds by a constable of Wood- 
ford, and kept prisoners the next day and night, and on the morrow 
had to Sir John Hanbury, the sheriff, by him to be kept in custody 
till the next assizes. Further, that [Richard] Knighton of Artleborowe 
[Irthlingborough] received of the constable of Denford 9?. 10s. about 
12 months ago, and has made no account thereof; also he has paid 
short 10s. on the money received for Addington Magna, and the like 
for Addington Parva, and for his own tax at Orlibere [Orlingbury] 
he is behind betwixt 14 nobles and 51., and at Barnwell, 9s. [1 p.] 

Oct. 11. Order of the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington for the Attorney- 
General to certify his opinion upon the prayer of a petition to the 
King of Richard Brest and Rose his wife, daughter and heir of 
Richard Roos, deceased, cousin and heir of Robert Roos, late of 
Ingmanthorpe, co. York, calendared under the date of 10th April 
1638, with a reference thereon to the Lord Treasurer and Lord 
Cottington, \_Oopy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 12. i p-l Above written, 

I. Copy of the petition above mentioned. [^Ibid., p. 11. § p.] 

II. Copy of the reference above mentioned. [Ibid., p. 11. ^ p.] 

Underivritten, 

III. Report of Attorney-General BanJces. The question in differ- 

ence is, whether the petitioner Rose, or Bridget, grand- 
m,other of Elizabeth Thomas, is next heir to Robert Roos. 
A trial at law is the best vjay to determine the same, 
15th January 16S8-9. [Copy. Ibid., p. 12. ^ p.] 

IV. The Lord Treasurer and Francis Lord Cottington to the 

King. Report agreeing with the Attorney-General, lith 
March 1638-9. [Copy. Ibid., p. 12. ^ ^.] 

V. Minute of his Ma^jesty's pleasure that a tnal at law shall be 

had, according to the Attorney-General's report. White- 
hall, 2Gth March 1G39. [Copy. Ibid., p. 12. ^ p.] 

Oct. 11. 28. Petition of Edith Bedford to Archbishop Laud. An uncle of 
petitioner about ten years since bestov^ed a chapel bell of 1 cwt. 
upon her, and her father, now deceased, did then intend to repair a 
chapel of ease belonging to the manor of Combe in Hamsey, Sussex, 
where he then lived, and to further such a pious work petitioner 
caused the bell to be sent to the chapel, hoping the chapel should 
have been repaired and consecrated. So it is, that petitioner's father 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I 53 



1638. Vol. CCCC. 

sold the manor of Hamsey to James Eivers, who has suffered the 
chapel to run to ruin, and Eivers has got the key of the chapel into his 
custody, so that petitioner knows not how to get the said bell. 
Petitioner intends to bestow the said bell upon some chapel, and 
beseeches directions to Rivers for her relief herein. [^ 2'.] Under- 
written, 

28. I. Direction to Sir John Lambe to examine the business, and 
take order therein, lltli October 1638. [^ p.] 

Oct. 1 1. 29. Extract from the Register of the Court of High Commission 
of the final sentence in a cause against Sir Robert Willoughby, of 
Turner's Piddle, co. Dorset. The offences charged against Sir Robert 
are set forth as taken to be proved, he himself making default of 
appearance. They were, adultery, drunkenness, swearing, violent ill 
usage of his wife, and many other scandalous immoralities. The 
court sentenced him to pay a fine of 500^. to the King, to do penance 
in his parish church and in that of St. Peter's, Dorchester, and to 
pay good and full costs of suit, with imprisonment until he found 
security for performance of the sentence. It was further ordered, 
that a suit instituted by Sir Robert against Dame Elizabeth his wife 
should be brought to a heariag on the first court day of Easter term 
next at the furthest, or in default Lady Willoughby was to be dis- 
missed from the court, with good costs. [6^ pj^-ll 

Oct. 1 2. 30. Sir Nicholas Carew and Sir Thomas Grj'mes, Justices of Peace 
for Surrey, to the Council. Upon petition to your Lordships, Tho- 
mas Lock alleged that Joyce Hunt and James Hayward in the night 
carried away certain grass belonging to petitioner. The petition 
was referred to us on the 29th September last. Hayward denies 
that he was privy to the taking away the grass, but Joyce Hunt con- 
fesses that she was informed that it was laid upon her ground, and 
that she caused the same to be carried to her house, aud she offered 
satisfaction. The grass we conceive might be worth 30s. ; but peti- 
tioner refused to accept thereof, unless he might have his costs, 
which he saj's are 51. and upwards, which they refuse to pay. 

Oct. 12. 31. Petition of Richard Newman, M.A. and Fellow of Merton 
College, to Archbishop Laud. With acknowledgment of his fault, 
he implores the Archbishop's clemency. Protests that he was so 
far from penning or speaking anything which might trench upon 
his accuser's life, that it never entered into his thoughts to charge 
him with that great crime for which he is accused. Petitioner's 
whole livelihood is from his college, whereby he has not only sus- 
tained himself, but also succoured liis poor kindred. Besides his 
heavy censure inflicted by the warden, he has already undergone 
much travel and charge, his extraordinary expenses amounting to 
more than lOL, which he was driven to borrow. Prays forgiveness, 
and leave to return to his college. [Endorsed : " Mr. Newman's 
second petition." | p.] 



54 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. Vo..CCCa 

Oct. 13. 32. Petition of the President and Fellows of Trinity College, 
Oxford, to Archbishop Laud. Mr. Koberts, the vicar of Eidge, 
some years past procured his Majesty's reference to the Archbishop, 
the now Lord Keeper, and the Bishop of London, for the augmenta- 
tion of his vicarage, out of the impropriation. The referees being 
advertised that the Lady Powlett, petitioner's founder's widow, 
bought that small impropriation for their college, and being held in 
capite, their mortmain was not capable of it, and therefore she made 
their college a lease thereof for 99 years, with a covenant to renew 
it from time to time. Petitioners let it back to Sir Thomas Blunt 
at the rent of 151. per annum, being near the true value. The 
foundress appointed 51, per annum thereof towards the maintenance 
of one exhibitioner, 5 marks per annum to help mend the wages 
of the philosophy and rhetoric readers, and the residue for fuel for 
the kitchen. The referees, understanding how much it concerned 
the college, discharged petitioners and their tenant from further 
attendance. Then Roberts exhibited his English bill into the 
Exchequer chamber, where the cause was heard, and Roberts dis- 
missed. Since which Roberts has prosecuted a suit in the Arches 
against petitioners' tenants, whereunto petitioners are made parties. 
Pray the archbishop to settle a peace for them and their tenants. 
[I P-] Underwritten, 
32. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to give account of the merits 
of the case. 13th October 1638. [i p.} 

Oct. 13. 33. Propositions of Sir Edward Tyrrell. 1. To settle his estate 
on his son Toby after his own decease, charging the same with lOOl. 
per annum during the life of his son Robert, and 1001. per annum 
more during the life of his son Francis. 2. To give his son's wife 
and family their entertainment in his house, and 200?. per annum 
for their future maintenance, and in case they like not to live with 
him, then to give them SOOl. per annum. 3. To make for jointure 
iOOl. per annum ; if he should survive his son Toby then the jointure 
to be but 300J. per annum during his oavtl life, and iOOl, per annum 
afterwards. 4. In consideration whereof, he expects 3,000J. portion 
and assistance for procuring his Majesty's assent for alteration of his 
patent of Baronet. [^ ;p.] 

Oct. 13. 34. Account by Sir WiUiam Russell of ship-money for 1637: 
total received 136,958?, 111. 8d., remains 59,455?. 16s. Od. [1 p.] 

Oct. 13, 35. Account of ship-money for 1637 in the hands of the sheriffs. 
Total, 5,840?., which, added to the sum received by Sir William 
Russell, makes the total collected 142,798?. [1 p.'] 

Oct. 15, 36. William Pierrepont, sheriff of Salop, to the Council. I have 

now paid in 340?. for the county, and all the money for Bridgenorth 
and Oswestry ; Shrewsbury and Wenlock have paid part in ; Bishops 
Castle has paid all ; Ludlow, charged at 102?,, has paid nothing. I 
sent letters to them aU, and have often demanded the money, 
and further have no authority, they having writs to themselves, I am 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



55 



1638. 



Oct. 15. 



Vol. CCCC. 

told that by the note of Sir William Kussell's receipts l,590l. 19s. 8d. 
is yet unpaid, of which 266?. is yet unpaid by the corporations, and 
700?. more William Juckes, gentleman, and other drapers of Shrews- 
bury, should have paid in above a month since. I have taken the 
same course former sheriffs have done for most speedy payment, to 
return it by drapers of Shrewsbury. I beseech you that Mr. Juckes 
may be sent to speedily to pay in the 700?., or to appear before the 
Lords. Besides the 266?. and 700?., Juckes and other drapers of 
Shrewsbury have above 200?. to pay in this week ; the rest shall be 
collected with all diligence. The money already paid in, by Sir 
William Russell's notes, is 2,909?. Os. 4d [1 p.] 

87. Petition of the Master and Wardens of the Company of 
Stationers to Archbishop Laud. Petitioners heretofore shewing 
that a book called Cowell's Interpreter was printed contrary to the 
decree in Star Chambar, and that petitioners were in their search for 
copies thereof resisted by one Bustian, a constable, and others, your 
Grace directed that Sir John Lambe should take order that the books 
should be brought into Stationers' Hall, and the parties be attached, and 
not set at liberty until the books were brought in, and the parties 
had put in security to answer those misdemeanours in the High 
Commission Court. For that the books were not brought in, but 
sold and dispersed abroad, and for that the violence and outrage 
done by the delinquents was great, petitioners beseech that they may 
proceed against the offenders in the Star Chamber, [f p."] Under- 
turitten, 

37. I. " 1 desire Sir John Lambe to peruse this petition, and 
if the petitioners can ohtavn a final end to their con- 
tent, well and good ; hut, if they thinh they are denied 
such satisfaction as is just and due, let them take such 
further course by Star Chamber or otherwise as their 
counsel shall advise them to. I shall not be against it. 
W. Cant." Uth October 1638. [^ p.} 

Oct. 15. 38. Sir John Pennington to Nicholas. I have met with nothing 

•The Downs, worth your knowledge since my last, only the Dunkirk fleet has got 
out, and the Hollanders are pursuing them. The Queen-Mother is 
not yei come, neither do I think she will now suddenly, in regard the 
wind is come to the west, and we are like to have bad weather. 
I must entreat you either to deliver my cabinet I left with j-ou 
to the bearer, or to cause your man to send it down to me by 
the post. There are papers in it I must needs have out. At my 
coming away I did not think of staying out all the winter. I 
hope I shall shortly have some tobacco and other good things for 
you. [Seal with arms. 1 p.] 

Oct. 15. 39. John Ashburnham to the same. Great expressions of friend- 

Westover. ship both to Nicholas and his wife. Sent to Lady Beauchamp 

from Chichester, and has received her answer. Her demand is 

still 137?. more than Ashburnham offered. Solicits Nicholas to 



56 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

1638. 



Vol. CCCC. 



intimate his intentions by the next return. Goes on the morrow 
to Lord Hertford. Lord Lumley and the writer are accorded, the 
composition being 1,800?. Wishes Lord Cottington not to know 
this before the writer comes up, which will not be until two days 
after All Saints. [Seals with arms. 1 ^3.] 

Oct. 15. 40. Nicholas Martin [?] to Richard Harvey. I have been to 
Wells, and tendered your rent to the Lord Bishop's steward, for I 
could not sjieak with my Lord himself, and his steward refused 
your rent, and told me that my Lord purposed to go to a trial this 
term with you concerning your parsonage at Compton Dando. 
Money due from John Cox, Robert Hill, Noiey [Noah] Griffein, 
John Lione, and (P.S.) Richard Cort. [1 p.} 

Oct. 15. 41. Order of the Court of Requests for an Injunction in a case 
of Stephen Goslyn versus William Campion, to restrain the defen- 
dant from proceeding in the Ecclesiastical Court of the Archdeaconry 
of Huntingdon in a suit against the plaintiff for nonpayment of 
tithes. [Copy. 1 p.] 

Oct. 15. 42. Abstract of an Indenture dated the 11th July 1614, between 
Thomas Jessop of Gillingham, Dorset, doctor of physic, of the first 
part, George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, of the second part, 
and the warden and scholars of Merton College, Oxford, of the 
third part, declaring the purposes to which the college would apply, 
for the benefit of the post-masters of the foundation of John Williott, 
a yearly rent of 201. granted by the said Thomas Jessop out of 
lands in Radipole, Dorset. This paper is endorsed by Archbishop 
Laud as received this day. [1 p.'] 

Oct. 16. Presentation of Michael Read, D.D., to the rectory of Polebroolc, 
CO. Northampton, void by death of the last incumbent, and in his 
Majesty's gift by vacancy of the see of Peterborough. [Docquet.] 

Oct. 16. Grant of a house and land in Sutton Courtney, Berks, to Mary 

du Boys, widow of Peter du Boys, and after her decease to Thomas 
Westfeild and Edward Meetekirke, in fee, whicli lands were escheated 
to the crown by the death of the said Peter without an heir. 

[Bocquef] 

Oct. 16. Grant to William Willoughby and John Cary for their lives 

successively of the keepership of Bestwood Park, co. Nottingham, 
with the herbage and pannage, and a fee of M. per diem, as the 
Earl of Rutland now has the same. [Docquet.'] 

Oct. 16. _ Petition of William Newton to the Queen. The King, at the 
instance of your Majesty, has granted petitioner licence to build 
sundry messuages upon part of the fields near Lincoln's Inn, in 
nooks and angles where the same lie irregular, upon his Majesty's 
inheritance in jointure to your Majesty. There also rests in Fickett's 
fields a parcel of ground distant from the House of the Society of 
Lincoln's Inn above 300 foot, which being built upon will benefit 
his Majesty 500?,, will secure the passage over the fields, and will 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I.. 57 



1638, Vol. CCCC. 

beautify and make them mucli more complete. Prays her Majesty 
to procure petitioner leave from his Majesty for the said buildings. 
{Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 87. i p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Earl of Dorset, her Majesty's Chamberlain 

and Lord Chief Justice Finch, her Chancellor, with her 
Secretary and Treasurer. To certify the fitness of 
petitioners desires. Whitehall, IQth October 1C38. [Copy. 
Ibid., p. 88. A p.] 

II. Report of the said referees. They have viewed the place, and 

Jind the same very fit to build upon, and have agreed 
with petitioner for building 14 houses upon the said 
place. [Copy. Ibid. ^ p.'] 

Oct. 16. 43. Sir Henry Marten to the Council. I received an order from 

you, dated the 10th inst., [about Polhill and Henley,] wherein I find 
no mention of an act of state made by his Majesty and your Lord- 
ships in 1627, by which the Dutch West India Company pretends a 
privilege against letters of reprisal to belong unto them, and whereof 
I conceive his Majesty's declaration or interpretation to be necessary. 
I again represent the same difficulty, which being not cleared must 
give some delay to that expedite justice which your order commends 
to me. [Seal with arms. 1 p.^ 

Oct. 16. 44. James Watkinson, mayor, William Popple, majj^or-elect, and 

Kingston-upon eight others, of Hull, to Sec. Windebank. We have received your 
^"'^' letter of 22nd September last for stay of a commission touching 
lands given for maintenance of our castle, but the same was finished 
before the receipt of your letter. We are earnest suitors to you to 
procure us a favourable answer from his Majesty to our petition, 
which we intend to present, after you have seen the same, that so 
we may go on wdth more alacrity in these chargeable fortifications 
begun by directions from Capt. William Legge, which we shall do 
as far as we are able, our poverty considered by reason of these 
tedious suits, the heavy infection of the plague that has of late 
reigned amongst us, and otherv/ise. Capt. Legge can witness in 
what case he found our fortifications, and our willingness to do his 
Majesty all the service in our power. If you desire satisfaction, Sir 
John Lister, the bearer hereof, one of our aldermen, will make his 
address unto you, and our solicitor, Henry Winchester, will wait 
upon you. [1 p.] 

Oct. 16. 45. Bishop Wren of Ely to Bishop Montague of Norwich. 
Holbom, Advises him as to the course to be adopted for recovery of a house in 

Ely House. 'Westminster belonging to the see of Norwich. On production of 
the Act of Parliament by which the house was granted, the Lord 
Keeper would grant a writ of restitution. Regrets that the 
chancellor of the see does not understand himself better. He has 
nothing granted pro nobis et successoribus. States the account 
between himself and Bishop Montague as to dilapidations. The 
writer received 2001. from Bishop Corbet, and had laid out about 
1 751. He had offered 1 20/. in full discharge, " as a great reciprocation 



58 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

1638. 



Vol. CCCC. 



of kinduess," but since that offer Dr. Lewyn has ■written that he 
has laid out 251. for finishing the work at Ludham. If it is expected 
that he should defray that sum, he reduces his offer to lOOZ. As to 
the chapel^ he had got it out of the hands o" the Walloons for the 
use of his own family, and he would compel them to bear the whole 
reparations. He intended to convent them before the King 
and Council. Bishop Montague's absence [from London] may 
preclude him from adopting that course, but it is as easy to call 
them into the Court of Bequests, and doubts not the issue will be 
that they will be charged with, or the see wholly discharged from, 
the reparations. [2 pp.^ 

Oct. 16. 46. Alexander Livingstone to his uncle, Thomas Livingstone, 
Falkirk. tailor, at the sign of the Crown in the Strand. I have -spoken to my 
mother concerning my brother Norman, and she is willing to send 
him you, upon those terms you and I spoke of; that is, that she 
should send with him 600 merks Scotch money, and that you 
should bind him to a merchant. We shall send him within a month 
after " Mairtimes." Lord Wigton will not promise the money before. 
Your sister Jean's husband has a mind to come with my brother, 
with some linen and yarn to sell you. I thought to have sent you 
an account, and your wife some salmon and some " acquytie " [aqua 
vitce\, but will send it with my brother. For news, I have none but 
such as you hear of our assembly ; but I hear there is a prorogation 
and continuation of our assembly, which we take very hard with us. 
For the King's covenant, there is very few as yet but councillors 
[that] have subscribed it. [Seal with arms. 1 p.] 

Oct, 16. 47. Kobert Eich to Attorney-General Bankes. John Culham 
writes a fair and quick hand, and is also a good accountant, and 
has demeaned himself very well and honestly, [f j?.] Under- 
written. 

47. I. Attorney-General Bankes to [Sec. Coke']. I have enquired of 
John Culham, and hear well of him. IQth October 1638. 

Oct. 17. 48. Petition of John Langdon, sole patentee for retailing tobacco 
within the precinct of St. Katherine's, to the Council. Augustine 
Dawney, an alehouse keeper of St. Katherine's, has for two years 
past not only sold tobacco, in contempt of his Majesty's pro- 
clamation, but has encouraged others to do the like, and has very 
much depraved petitioner, and disparaged the patent. Dawney has 
gone to as many as unduly sold tobacco, and gathered money of them, 
undertaking to overthrow petitioner's patent, and afterwards spread 
abroad false reports that petitioner was overthrown, and that eveiy 
man there might buy and sell tobacco as he pleased, and that he, 
Dawney, had commenced a suit at law againsfc the Justices of Peace 
for committing him for selling tobacco. Dawney, being constable, 
the inhabitants gave credit to his reports, and forbore to buy tobacco 
of petitioner, and soM tobacco as they pleased, by which petitioner 
is damnified 300?,, disabling him to pay his Majesty'e rent, whicli is 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 69 



1638. Vol. CCCC. 

SOZ.per unnnm. Likewise Dawney, then constable, most maliciously 
shut up petitioner's house for three weeks, pretending that it was 
infected with the sickness, and yet at the same time neglected the 
shutting up of other houses which were in truth infected, which he 
did purposely to prejudice petitioner's patent, and to ruin petitioner. 
Beseech the Lords to call Dawney before them, to receive punish- 
ment, and give petitioner satisfaction. [| p.^ Underwritten. 

48. I. Reference to Sir Dudley Garleton and Edward Nicholas 
to report to the hoard. Star Chamber. 1 7th October 1 638. 
l^ p.} Endorsed. 

48. II. Appointment by Sir Dudley Garleton and Edward 
Nicholas to hear the matter complained of on the Thursday 
then next, at the house of Sir Dudley at Westmi/nster. 
2Zrd October 1638. [6 Zwjes.] 

Oct. 17. Commissioners for Gunpowdar to the Master of the Ordnance. 
Warrant to deliver 12 barrels of gunpowde- at 18c?. per lb. to 
Thomas Frere of Tower Street, ship chandler. [Minute. Booh of 
Warrants for Gunpowder. See Vol. No. ccclv. No. 61. p.7-^ p.] 

Oct. 17. 49. Thomas Smith to Sir John Pennington. Yesterday I was 
Sion. with your kinsman. Sheriff Pennington, who lives like a prince ; my 
business was to let him know that the Lord Chamberlain had four 
does to send him, and desired to know the times when he would 
have them. My haste was such that I could not so much as drink 
with him, though he very much urged me to dine with him, but I 
promised to come some other time, as also to procure him venison of 
my Lord when he should have need. Yesterday, likewise, I met 
with Capt. Perceval, who promised me that I should receive the bill 
of the rest of the convoy money. When received we shall proceed 
to a dividend, and desire your order for what concerns your par- 
ticular. The Lord Admiral is fallen ill of the " runing " gout, which 
has made him keep his bed for these five or six days. We are made 
to believe by the physicians that it will not last long. They have 
purged him twice, and at two several times drawn eighteen ounces 
of blood from him, which was very bad blood, yet he is cheerful and 
merry. As you once desired of me what was fittest to send my Lord, 
so I desire to know what he may send you which may be most 
useful. As for the sorts of wines to send my Lord, if most part of 
the French wine be " Graves " wine, it will be more proper, for the 
" Vin d'Ay " that comes into England is little better than water by 
this time of the year. We have even now received letters fi:om 
Captain Carteret, the contents whereof I send you. I have spoken 
with my Lord touching your Flag. He says he must not break 
custom, and therefore you must be exalted, and for the pay, that 
may be disputed hereafter. P.S. — You wiU herewith receive a 
packet from my brother Perceval. [2 pp."] 

Oct. 17. 50. Sir James Douglas to Sec, Windebank, I entreat you to 
Berwick, ascertain if those of Berwick move anything against me to his 



60 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCC. 



Majesty, or petition to have licence to erect a new mill ; if they do I 
will come to verify tae mijustness o" their demand, and signify their 
oppressions. His Majesty's Covenant has but a slow progress in 
Scotland, considering how graciously it should be accepted by them, 
so insolent, his Majesty so indulgent. [1 ^.j 

Oct. 17. 51. The King to Lord Cottington, Master of the Court of Wards. 
The cause for the church of Watton, co. Hertford, comes shortly to 
be heard before you, between Dr. Halsey, whom "we presented, and 
Sir John Boteler, committee of our ward, in whose right we 
presented. We were informed that the church suffered much by the 
indirect courses held by the Botelers, the patrons, in obtaining leases 
of the parsonage house, glebe and tithes, at an under value, of the 
incumbents whom they presented, and therefore we resolved to 
redeem the church from that pressure, and when the church became 
void determined to bestow the same on Dr. Halsey divers months 
before our presentation passed. This being the case, you are first 
to preserve the rules and orders of your court for our better service, 
and, next, if you shall find that such indirect courses have been held 
by the patrons, if any advantage has thereby happened to us, you are 
not to remit it. \_Minute. f p.^ 

Oct. 18. 52. George Cotton and Arthur Sandford to the Council. Recite. 
Order of Council, on petition of Peter Egerton, calendared under 
date of 12th May 1(337, vol. ccclvi. No. 18. The subscribers, two 
of the referees appointed under that order, certify that they have 
divers times viewed the supposed wastes, and on the last time, being 
the 21st of September last, found all things so well repaired as it 
is, without just cause of dislike. \_Seal with arms. 1 p."] Under- 
written, 

52. I. Order of Council. The Lords being satisfied that Peter 
Egeiion and Sir James Stonehouse and his lady have 
performed what was required, think Sir John Corbet 
should rest satisfied, and perform what is required of him. 
[Minute. J jo.] 



Garden. 



Oct. 18. 53. Walter Lord Aston to Sec. Windebank. Upon your acceptance 
Mulberry of my suit to his Majesty for your receiving my pension into yotir 
care, and the encouragements I have received from you by my 
brother, I have depended wholly thereupon. I understood of 
your absenting yourself for a time from the court, for which I was 
more sorry in the consideration it had to your person than the 
prejudice my pretensions received by it. But I have notice that 
you have been now at court, and presuming you will lose no time 
in my particular, considering the coming of the Queen's Mother, 
which will be a busy time, I long to hear some comfort, which I 
desire you to understand as not unseasonably importunate, but 
rather that I may not be thought negligent in what concerns mj' 
fortune and reputation. [1 p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES T. 6l 



1638. 



Vol. CCCC. 



Oct. 18. 54. William Earl of Newcastle to Seo. Windebank. I am glad to 
Kichmond. hear by your con of your perfect recovery. I will wait off [sic] you 
before "t be long. I made such a suit to his Majesty yesterday as J 
believe seldom any doth, which was to take the power of the lieutenancy 
of Derbyshire from me, and place it upon my Lord of Devonshire, 
which I thought his Majesty granted. I beseech you to speak to 
him, and put it in such a way as the bearer, my servant, may effect 
it. lip.] 

Oct. 18. 55. John Buxton, Sheriff of Norfolk, to Nicholas. Must ever 
East Wretham. gratefully acknowledge the gracious acceptance by his Majesty of 
his humble and dutiful endeavours. Had he not been encouraged 
and honoured beyond his merits, the task of collection of the arrears 
would have so far daunted him that he should have distrusted his 
spirit and stoutness in the execution of those commands. Upon 
his credit, as he is an honest man, he found the work of that 
extreme difficulty that had he not been graciously supported he 
must have sunk under the burden thereof. He was enforced, with 
his daily attendance on the service, to levy by force to that severity 
as he is become the most odious despicable man to his country that 
can be imagined. He has caused to be paid to the Treasurer of 
the Navy 2001. received of King's Lynn. His second payment since 
was 400^. levied on the county. The third payment was to the 
merchant 5001. more, which he doubts not is paid. Last week he 
paid in 200?. more. The residue, not being above 2001., shall be paid 
in as fast as he* receives the same, 801. of it being secured by bond 
of Stephenson and Keynolds, chief constables of Blofield Hundred, 
to be paid on the 27th September, which they have not yet paid in, 
but the writer daily expects the same. They have his assistance 
and warrants. [1 p.] 

Oct. 18. 56. Demands of John Stone, of the Inner Temple, gentleman, 
from John Dod, of North Cadbury, Somerset, clerk. There were 
several cross accounts and sums claimed to be due to Stone for 
the arrears of an annuity, with costs of proceedings in the country, 
and of five days before the Council, [f p.} 

Oct. 18. 57. See " Eeturns made by the Justices of Peace." 

Oct. 19. 58. Sir Humphrey Davenport to Archbishop Laud and Lord Keeper 
Coventry. According to your letter of 30th September, I have 
caused the postea to be stayed, and for renewing my memory have 
conferred with counsel on either side, and remember that the evi- 
dence consisted of one only witness on either part, which witness 
on the defendant's part being excepted unto, and the plaintiff want- 
ing his principal witness, I conceive it fitting that a new trial be 
had by way of prohibition upon a libel to be preferred in the Court 
Christian by the now^complainant, whereupon the modus decvmandi, 
and the rate thereof, may be put in issue, to be tryed by nisi prius 
or at some bar in Westminster, as you shall direct. [1 p.] 



62 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 
Oct. 19. 

Chesterfield. 



Oct. 19. 



Oct. 19. 

New College, 
Oxford. 

Oct. 20. 



Oct. 20. 



Oct. 20. 



Oct. 20. 



Vol. CCCC. 

5 9.^ James Webster, late under-sheriff of co. Nottingham, to Nicholas. 
For collecting the ship-money in Nottinghamshire I took abundance 
of pains. The contentious man has complained of me without cause, 
and the now high-sheriff, before I attended on him with my witness, 
has certified. I entreat your help for procuring a further reference 
to him and another gentleman in the county, [^ ^.] 

60. List by Sir Jacob Astley " of the arms that I shall now bring 
with me to Hull." 4,000 bandoleers, and the same number of swords 
and belts, with 2,000 armours for pikemen, — a back, breast plate, 
gorget, taces, and head piece — with 2,000 pikes, [f pJ] 

61. John Windebank to his father. Sec. Windebank. Solemnly 
denies an imputation upon his morality which he understands had 
come to his father's ears. [Seal with arms. Lot. 1 p.] 

Petition of Eichard Tyder [?], clerk, curate of Stanmore Parva, 
alias Whitchurch, Middlesex, to the King. By ancient custom 
there has been paid to the curate there one penny out of every 
shilling for the yearly value of all unploughed and pasture grounds, 
and for about 40 years these curates have enjoyed a dwelling house 
near the church, which house Lady Lake not only challenges to be 
hers, but has long broken the ancient custom, paying nothing at all 
for many hundred of acres of unploughed grounds which she holds. 
She has also forbidden the parishioners to pay their wonted dues, 
threatening to trouble them if they dare to pay contrary to her 
command, so that now, the church being stript of all maintenance, 
the service of God is likely to be neglected, and petitioner, with his 
wife and children, to be destitute of all harbour. Prays directions 
to Archbishop Laud and the Bishop of London to call before them 
the said lady, and so to order the matter that petitioner may enjoy 
his house without molestation, and may have satisfaction for serving 
the cure according to the ancient custom. [Copy. See Vol. cccxxHi., 
p. 328. I p.'] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to Archbishop Laud a/nd the Lord Treasurer, to call 
the parties before them, and having heard their differences 
to determine them as they shall find Jit for relief of the 
petitioner. Whitehall, 29th October 1638. [Copy. See 
Ibid., p. 329. i p.'\ 

Lease in reversion for 31 years of the herbage of Mierscoe Park, 
CO. Lancaster, to Mrs. Elizabeth Howard, one of the maids of honour 
to the Queer, after determination of a lease of 30 years, then in 
being, upon the increase of 6Z. to the rmt of 25Z. now paid to his 
Majesty. [Docquet.'] 

The King to the Treasurer and Benchers of the Middle Temple. 
Letter on behalf or John Gulston, procured by Sec. Windebank. 
[Docquet.'] 

Warrant to the Master of the Great Wardrobe, for provision of 
watching liveries for the captain and yeomen of his Majesty's guard, 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



63 



1638. 



Oct. 20. 

Oct. 20. 
Burderop. 



Oct. 20. 

Havering. 



Vol. CCCC. 

and for the yeomen, grooms, and pages of the King's and Queen's 
chambers, robes, and wardrobes, due at Michaelmas last for one year 
then ended. IDocquet.} 

Licence to Robert Cecil and Philip Cecil, sons of the Earl of 
Salisbury, to travel beyond sea, for three years. \_Docqu6t.'] 

62. WiUiam Calley to Richard Harvey. Authorizes him to sell a 
gelding for any price above 201. For my cousin Percy's doctor he is 
not like to be sent for now to Lavington, because they have lately 
found out one Hort, a blacksmith, that arrogates to himself (as he is 
forsooth a seventh son) to heal the evil (King-like), by his only 
touch. This fello"w questionless doth his business cheap enough. I 
am sorry you said anything to Sergeant Clowes. We must strive 
now to let the suit die. Directions respecting various articles of 
clothing for himself and three sons. [Seal with arms. 1| ^.] 

63. Eliza Countess of Lindsey to Sec. Windebank. My tenant 
Boswell acquainting me how much he has been this summer again 
molested by Rawson in the possession of those few grounds which 
he stands tenant for, ard how much he has had your favour in 
forwarding the business against so refractory a fellow, I return my 
thanks to you. I desire you would befriend tlie same, " by keeping 
him from his freedom " until the coming of my Lord, which I expect 
every day. [Seal with arms. | p.] 

GL Edward Nicholas [to the Council]. Report upon a reference for 
taxing the costs and damages to be aJJowed by Thomas Meriton and 

Andrew Kingsley unto Pruddon, bailiff of co. Hertford, for 

bringing in ship-money. I think fit that Meriton and Kingsley pay 
to Pruddon 4?., whereof 40s. for charges of Pruddon and George 
Church, a witness, for two journies from Royston to attend the 
Council table, and 40s. for damages to Pruddon for hurts received 
from Meriton and Kingsley in the execution of the sheriffs' warrants. 

fOct. 20.] 65. Memorandum endorsed by Sec. Windebank, " Propositions 
concerning the business of Scotland, delivered to me by bis Majesty 
20th. October at Whitehall, 1638." It principally relates to the 
transport of troops out of Ireland into Scotland. In Ireland there 
are 43 companies of foot, each company consisting at present of 50 
soldiers very well exercised. If the King " have adoe " he may 
cause the captains make their companies up to 200 apiece which 
wiU makeup 8,600 foou. There are powder, munition, and oi-dnance 
in that kingdom already, and nine troops of horse, under the com- 
mand of the Lord Deputy, Lord Ormond, the Presidents of Con- 
naught and Munster, Lords Chichester, Moor, Grandison Dillon, and 
Kirkcudbright, which might all be made hundreds. They might be 
transported in six or eight hours to any place upon the coast of the 
west country of Scotland. " Their stay needs not be long in Scot- 
land, for the work wiU be done very shortly, :^or I tMnk there will 
■ be no man so mad, when the King's army is in the fields, to hazard 



Oct. 20. 



64 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCC. 



both their life and estate. Albeit there is many will say well to 
you now, but when they see an army in the fields they will turn 
their coat, and be glad to come into the King [if] they can be 
received." The King has two ships in Ireland, the Swallow and a 
Whelp, and the Lord Deputy has a fair ship and a pinnace of his own, 
and the harbours there have a great many good ships. For victual- 
ling, the King may victual at an easy rate. There is abundance of 
beef and pork, and pease and butter, half and half, as it is in Eng- 
land. The victuals need not be great, for the voyage is but small. 
They will have enough, if they have it to their self, on the Scots' 
side. " The Irish people will be a fit people for this war, for they are 
a light people, and will run well through the bogs and hills." [1 p.'] 

Oct. 20. 66. Account of Sir "William Russell of ship-money for 1637 ; total 
received, 142,297^. 13s, Ad. ; remains 54,116^. 14s. 4d yet unpaid. 
[1^.] 

Oct. 20. 67. Account of ship-money remaining in the hands of the sherifis ; 
total, 5,200?., which, added to the sum received by Sir William 
Russell, makes the total collected 147,497^. [1 j3.] 

Oct. 20. Certificate of Edward Duke, sheriff of SuflPolk, of returns made 
to him of defaulters to the ship-money for 1637. Among the persons 
returned are the following : — 

Hundred of Wangford, Garrett, the tanner, gone into New Eng- 
land, 2s. 

The same, Homersfield, John Middleton, the money being demanded, he 
said he had no money, whereupon a distress was taken, and his son-in-law, 
Sampson, his own son, together with his man-servant, rescued the dis- 
tress, 36g. 

The same, St. Michael's, George Barrell, gone into New England, 2s. 

Hundred of Lothingland, Bradwell, William Ballard, the like, 4s. 

Hundred of Blithing, Wrentham, Henry Ghickren, the like, 25s. 10c?. 

The same, the parsonage is rated 14s., and since that time the incumbent 
was deprived of his living, and is gone into New England. 

The same, William Buiy of South Cove, gone to New England, 25s. 

Hundred of Loes, Pramlingham, Francis Baylie, gone with his family 
to New England, 4s. 4:d.. 

The same, Swefling, Eobert Bond, hanged, and his goods seized upon, 
6s. 4d. 

Hundred of Thingoe, Westley, Thomas Godfrey died, with divers of his 
household, of the plague, in Bury St. Edmunds, in the time of the sickness 
there, 6s. lOi^. 

See Case K Bom. Gar. I. No. 7. 

Oct. 21. 68. John Nicholas to his son, Edward Nicholas. Mr. Littleton is 
desirous of being acquainted with yon. Think of getting the bow- 
bearer's place. Sir Charles Herbert and Sir Walter Pye are the 
fittest to use in it. I know not how Oldisworth has digested the old 
quarrel, else were he the fittest man. I will surrender when you 
will. If there be any difficulty in it, the Lady Mary will not be 
denied, but get it under his Lordship's hand, if it may be. [If p.] 

Oct. 21. 69. Thomas Smith to Sir John Pennington. Capt. Slingsby is safely 
Sion. ai-rived in Stokes Bay, and will be with you as soon as wind and 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 65 



1638. Vol. CCCC. 

■weather will permit. The Duke de la Valette, fled out of France, is 
landed privately in Cornwall. The King will take no notice of him, 
but allows him protection, and to stay in the kingdom, and depart 
when he pleases. You see what a number of French daily run 
hither, so that if the Court be not Frenchified now, 'twill never be. 
Queen-Mother landed on the 18th at Harwich ; the King and Qaeen 
go to meet her at a place called Giddy Hall, near Romford, on the 
23rd or 24th, and so bring her to St. James's, where she will stay 
till we are aweary of her. My Lord [of Northumberland] removes 
hence to London sometime next week ; he is free from pain, weak, 
but very well. P.S. — Mr. Barlow came not with your packet, as 
your letter mentions ; it came by the post. [1 p."] 

Oct. 21. 70. Arthur Tench to Nicholas. List of persons removed from 
Shrewsbury since the last assessment of ship-money. All the 
money the bailiffs have collected, being 3331. 13s., is paid in. The 
last sum'(117Z. 13s.) was paid yesterday after the certificate was 
made up by Mr. Fenn. l_Seal with arms. 1 p.] 

Oct. 22. Warrant to the Great Wardrobe for a livery of 31. 16s. per annum 
for Robert Manby, yeoman pricker of the privy harriers in ordinary, 
in place of Francis Trumbull, deceased. \_Docquet.'] 

Oct. 22. Warrant to James Chad wick, steward of the courts of the honour 
of Peverell, to put in execution so many courts and privileges as are 
contained in divers records of the said honour. [^Docquet] 

Oct. 22. The King to the President and Chapter of Lichfield. To elect 
Griffin Higgs, D.D., to be Dean of Lichfield. [Bocquet.l 

Oct. 22. Warrant to pay 3,000Z. to Edward Manning, out of the revenues 
of the Court of Wards, to be employed for cutting a new river from 
Longford to his Majesty's house at Hampton Court. [Bocquet.'] 

Oct. 22. The King to the Vice-Chancellor and University of Cambridge. 
To create Tobias Crispe, D.D. [Docquet.J 

Oct 22. Petition of Elizabeth Lady Morley and Monteagle, [Henry Lord 
Morley and Monteagle], and Charles Parker, son of William, late 
Lord Morley and Monteagle, and of the said Elizabeth, to the King. 
It pleased his Majesty upon the petition annexed [doubtless the 
petition calendared 28th May 1638] to direct the Attorney-General 
to prepare a bill to the effect therein desired. Lady Philippa Morley, 
wife of petitioner Henry Lord Morley, has obtained a signification of 
his Majesty's pleasure that no grant shall pass for cutting off an entail 
of lands of the now Lord^Morley in Essex, out of which the said Lady 
Morley 's jointure is settled. It appears by several affidavits that the 
said Lady Philippa has no jointure in Lord Morley's lands in Essex, 
but has a jointure in his lands in co. Lancaster of 800i. per annum, 
whereby the said Lady has no cause to hinder the said intended reco- 
very, and that it greatly concerns petitioners to make sale of the said 
lauds, as well to satisfy your Majesty 600Z. for your forest lands upon 
composition, as also by payment of the said Lord's debts the better 

13. K 



66 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



J 688. 



Vol. CCCC. 



to preserve the rest of his estate. Pray that the said caveat may be 
disannulled, and that the Attorney-General may proceed with his 
biU. [Copy. See Vol. cccoaxiii. p. 329. | p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Lord Chief Justice and Judges of the Common 
Pleas to certify their opinions, Whitehall, 22nd October 
1638. [Copy. Ibid., p. 330. i p.] 

Oct. 22. Petition of Christopher Phillips, Robert Branthwaite, Abraham 
Statham, Christopher Fulwood, John Shuter, William Shuter, and 
of the clerk-examiners and registrar of the Court of Star Chamber, 
to the King. The Lords of the Treasury, on 10th April 1635, ordered 
that 620?. should be paid to petitioners for service done in the great 
cause, lately depending in the Star Chamber between your Majesty 
and the city of London, which petitioners had dearly earned, and 
was a very profitable service, for it brought lands of inheritance to 
the value of 10,000Z. a year to the Crown, besides a fine of 70,000?., 
reduced by composition to 12,000?. Your Majesty well approving 
of what the Lords had done, by privy seal, dated 30th June 1637, 
appointed the 620?. to be paid out of the said fine. Petitioners 
having long expected payment accordingly, are of late informed that 
your Majesty has granted the whole 12,000?. to the Queen, by which 
means petitioners are likely to be utterly deprived of their reward. 
Pray that, if the Queen receive the whole 12,000?., petitioners may 
have a new privy seal for the pajrment of the said 620?. out of the next 
payment of the money coming to your Majesty by the soap business. 
[Copy. See Ibid., p. 331. | p.] Underwritten, 

I. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure that petitioners shall have a 
privy seal as desired, and the Clerk of the Signet is to 
prepare a bill for that purpose. [Copy. Ibid., p. 332. 

[Oct. 22 ?] Petition of Anthony Tompson, D.D., parson and vicar of Sutton 
in Holland, co. Lincoln, to the same. Tithes in kind have been time 
out of mind paid out of the marshes there. In 1637, Sir Cornelius 
Vermuyden, Henry Deerham, and their tenants carried away all the 
tithes of 3,500 acres without making any satisfaction for the tithes. 
[Copy. Unfinished. See Ibid., p. 332. i p.] 

Oct. 22. 71. Petition of John Williams to Archbishop Laud. Having been 
employed by proctors in the Ecclesiastical Court for 12 years, peti- 
tioner was last term employed by Edward Clarke, of London, to 
execute a process out of the Court of Arches upon Mary Prosser, of 
St. Botolph's-without-Bishopsgate, to appear before Sir John Lambe 
to answer Clarke in a cause of slander. Petitioner went divers times 
to the house-door of Prosser and demanded whether she was within, 
but she was denied, notwithstanding petitioner saw her within at 
that time. Coming again to Prosser's door on the 11th June last, 
petitioner espied Prosser's wife in her husband's shop, and petitioner, 
standing at the door, executed the process on her, whereupon, her 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 6? 



1638. ^°^- <^C^^- 

husband has arrested petitioner upon an action of lOOZ., pretending 
petitioner came upon his ground, whereas he never was in his house, 
nor had any occasion to come there, only to execute the said writ. 
Prays order that Prosser and his wife may be attached to answer 
their contempt. [| p.] Underwritten, 

71. I. Reference to 8vr John Lambe to give the archbishop an 
account, or to give petitioner what directions Sir John 
shall find fitting. October 22nd, 1638. [1 p.] 

Oct. 22. 72. Sec. Windebank to Robert Long. His Majesty being informed 

W^Lme'" ^^'^^ ^P^ ^^^ entrusted by the Earl of Lindsey and the rest of the 

rury ane. participants and adventurers for draining that level oo take care that 
there be always supplies of money for performance of the work, and 
that you have power given you to sell the land of such of the partici- 
pants as make default of payment of sums taxed upon them for the 
charge of the work, in the expedition whereof his Majesty being much 
concerned, in regard of the Eight Hundred Fen, and having designed 
that revenue to important services, has commanded me to let you 
know that he wiU expect a good account of your care herein, so that 
his service do not suffer by your remissness ; and therefore, if any of 
the sharers be in arrear of their payments, it is his Majesty's pleasure 
that you sell their lands without favour or partiality. \_Seal luith 
arms. 1 p.] 

Oct; 22. 73. The same to the [Lord- Mayor and Aldermen of London]. 
His Majesty lately recommended to you Thomas Smethwick, of 
London, merchant, for the office of garbling and cleansing all spices, 
drugs, &c. within the city, not doubting but you would make him a 
lease of that place upon reasonable terms. His Majesty finding that 
you have not given that regard to his recommendation which he had 
reason to expect, has commanded me to signify to you that you hold 
Smethwick no longer in expectation, but either bestow a lease upon 
him or present to his Majesty your reasons to the contrary. \_Draft. 
I p.] 

Oct. 22. 74. Sir John Pennington to Sec. Windebank. His Majesty has 
The St. Andrew, granted me the duty that arises out of merchandise that goes in and 
in the Downs. ^^^ ^f Dover, for repair of the castle of Sandown, which I hold 
under his Majesty, after the repair "of Archcliffe Fort, which is almost 
finished. My request is that I may have a privy seal for it, whereby 
we may get materials ready to go in hand with it next spring, other- 
wise it will fall down and endanger the lives of those that live in it. 
[^Seal with arms broken. 1 p.] 

Oct. 22. 75. John Buxton, Sheriff of Norfolk, to Sir William Le Neve, 

East Wretham. Clarencieux King-at-Arms at the Heralds' Office, Paul's Chain. I 
implore your assistance to Sir Dudley Carleton or Mr. Nicholas. 
Since my letter of the 1 8th instant all the ship-money is come in, or 
will be paid this week, excepting some of IQl. or lit., but only 93?. 
for Blofield hundred, the chief constables, as I am informed, Rey- 
nolds and Stephenson, having entered bond in lOOL to Sir Dudley 

E 2 



68 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



1638. 



Oct. 22. 

Buiderop, 



Vol. CCCC. 

for payment of it to me on the 27th September last, which they 
have not paid. Besides, as I am informed, they have bragged and 
boasted of their coming off at the Council Board, and how well they 
spoke there, which has retarded all others that were in arrear. My 
desire is that you move Sir Dudley or Mr. Nicholas that I may be 
exonerated of that money, they having security in their own hands 
to secure his Majesty the debt, being responsive [sic] men, and my 
hands tied for proceeding against them since there is security 
already given. P.S. — The rate for Blofield is 1881. ; they are 931. 
[sic] in arrear. [Undorsed by Nicholas. Seal with arms. 1 p.] 

76. William Galley to Eichard Harvey. I pray you return my 
gelding by this messenger. I am much bound to your master 
[Endymion Porter] for his favour to my sister Danvers, but they 
have met with a blacksmith (I believe that for ale and spice had 
pawned his tools but kept his vice), pretending by his only touch, as 
he is a seventh son, to heal the evil, and to him I leave them. [Seal 
with arms. 



iP-1 



Oct. 22. 

Woodhall. 



Oct. 22. 



77. Francis Dorvan to the same. I am glad to hear you are 
coming to town. We were in expectation to see my master and 
lady some day this week, but now see ourselves frustrated. John 
Aldridge, the keeper, desires my master and lady to know that if 
they will have some does killed it must be within these seven or 
eight days, because the wet weather will make them fall away. Both 
Mr. Thomas and Mr. James are in very good health. Mrs. Mary 
continues still in her quartan ague, and is very desirous to go to 
London if my lady pleases. [1 p.] 

78. Bond of Robert Cordell, of Lincoln's Inn, clerk, and Edward 
Cordell, citizen and clothworker, of London, to Giles Clotterbook, of 
Salisbury, gentleman, in 2il., conditioned for payment of 12^ on 
29th September then next. [Seals with crests. 1 p.] 

Oct. 22. 79. Dr. Peter Turner to Archbishop Laud. I have published your 
Merton College, orders to all the fellows that could be got to meet. Mr. Corbet 
desired to be informed what was meant by reverent demeanour at 
the entrance and departure out of the choir. I told him I had no 
commission to expound, but I made no question he understood your 
meaning, that men should conform themselves to the ancient prac- 
tice of the Church in bowing their bodies towards the east at their 
entrance into the choir, and so at their departure. He demanded 
whether this order did amount to a command or no. I told him you 
had publicly professed against commanding this. He said he should 
interpret it for a command ; but whether he will do so will appear 
by his practice, which hitherto has been inconformable. I forbear 
entering the orders in the register yet a while, because the sub- 
warden has not yet entered any of the college acts since the election 
of officers, neither can I guess what space to leave. The articles 
against Rawlins were taken out of the ancienter of our two registers, 
which begins A.D, 1482, in which the whole process of Archbishop 



Oxford. 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



69 



1638. 



Oct. 22. 



Oct. 23. 



Oct. 23. 

liOndoD. 



Oct. 23. 



Oct. 23. 
Winchester. 



Vol. CCCC. 

Warham is to be found ; from the same book I have transcribed the 
enclosed copy. Directs the archbishop's attention to an entry on the 
register, by which it appears, concerning Emildon Lease, that the 
fellows' share of the fine should be 600/., and the college to have had 
whatsoever upon a just valuation might be gotten over and above, 
but the college had never a penny. [J p.'] Annexed, 

79. I. Articles against Rawlins, warden of Merton, on account 

of which he was removed from his wardenship by Arch- 
bishop Warham. [Copy. It may be questioned whether 
this be the paper enclosed \in the above letter, although 
relating to the matter therein mentioned. Latin. 1^ p.] 

80. Copies of two presentments made in an Admiralty Court held at 
Cley, Norfolk. The former, dated the 31st January 1 637-8, presented 
that an ancient channel for ships and boats had been stopped up by 
a bank lately made by Sir Henry Calthrop and finished by Philip 
Calthrop. The latter, dated this day, presented that Philip Calthrop 
still maintained the said bank. [2 pp.] 

Grant to Lady Crane for her life of his Majesty's manor-house of 
Grafton, co. Northampton, at the yearly rent of 10s., upon surrender 
of a former lease for 31 years. [Docquet^ 

81. WiUiam Clobeiy, Sir William Kussell, Nicholas Crispe, and 
three others of the New Barbary Company to Capt. George Carteret, 
of the Convertive, at the Crown, in Rochester. We are glad of your 
safe return. Deliver to the bearer, Capt. William Geere, 70 bags of 
saltpetre, laden by our factors, William Eaton and Benjamin Russell, 
at Saphia, and nine chests of sugars, laden at Sallee by Robert Blake, 
upon the Convertive; also our letters, if you have any, from 
Mr. Blake or our factor. [1 p.] 

82. Petition of Thomas CoUeyn, of Little Norton, co. Derby, to 
Archbishop Laud. Petitioner, about five years since, married Eliza- 
beth Ellis, widow, who, after her intermarriage, lived for some small 
time in a peaceable manner with petitioner, but about four years 
since she was inveigled by Thomas Wood, her son-in-law, and Henry 
Ellis, a kinsman of her former husband, to forsake petitioner, where- 
upon she has not only denied to cohabit with him these four years 
past, but has purloined so much of petitioner's goods as amounts to 
400?., which she, Wood, and Ellis detain, and have let several sums 
of money (being the proceeds) out at interest in other men's names, 
by reason whereof petitioner is much impoverished. Prays warrant 
to apprehend the said Elizabeth, Wood, and Ellis to answer their 
doings. [1 p.\ Endorsed, 

82. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to take order therein as he 

shall find just. 2^rd October 1638. [3 lines.'} 

83. Robert Tooker to Nicholas. Introduces the bearer, his son-in- 
law, to transact some business connected with the account for ship- 
money of the writer as mayor of Winchester last year. Reminds 



70 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Oct. 23. 



Oct. 23. 

Leicester. 



Oct. 23. 

Leicester. 



Oct. 24. 



Vol. CCCC. 

Nicholas that they were once schoolfello'ws and playmates, and that 
Nicholas's father lived in the deanery, and Dr. Tooker, the writer's 
father, not far from it, and that Nicholas's brother. Dr. Nicholas, 
succeeded Dr. Tooker in Dean. [Seal with arms. | ^.] 

Funeral certificate by William Eiley, Bluemantle, of Robert Lord 
Petre, Baron Petre of Writtle, Essex, who died at West Thorndon 
this day, and was buried in an old vault appropriated to his family 
in the chancel of the parish church of Ingatestone. He married Mary, 
daughter of Anthony Viscount Montague, of Cowdray, Sussex, by 
whom he had issue five sons and two daughters, viz., William, the 
eldest SOD, then Lord Petre, aged 11 years or thereabouts; John, 
second son ; Francis, third son ; Thomas, fourth son ; Anthony, fifth 
son ; Mary, eldest daughter ; and Dorothy, second daughter ; both 
as yet unmarried. \_See Vol. ccclx.,p. 11. i p-^ 

84. Reginald Burden to [Sir John Lambe]. Letter of intelligence 
in various pending ecclesiastical causes. Mr. Crofts is kept out at 
Foston vi et arvnis, and Mr. Thorneton is captain of the company. 
Mr. Clayton, of Shawell, is the same man. Since your sentence he 
has been at Rugby, and there received the communion at the hands of 
Mr. Nalton, parson, of Rugby, standing, and not kneeling ; Mr. Tovey, 
rector of Kilmcott [Kimcote], will make it good. William Bale's wench, 
for whom he commuted at Harb[orough], viz., Ann Cheese, is come 
down gallant, and some say she is married. I have given order to 
call her coram in proximo. The sad news of the plague at Leicester 
I suppose you have received. My children are all here, and my 
wife and other people at Aynho. I am going to fetch her to her 
children. When the next courts are passed I resolve to wait on 
you. Recommends Mr. Pole, M.A., of St. John's, Cambridge, for 
Kibworth school. Of long time he has been belonging to Sir William 
Faunt, and Mr. Carter's distressed wife is this Pole's sister. Conceives 
that Mr. Crofts may by them have intelligence and much further- 
ance in his Foston business. [2 pp.] 

85. William Heaward to [the same]. Similar letter. Our courts 
are all over. Mr. Noel went presently to London. Mr. Coker set for- 
ward this day. Our next court is appointed at Oadby, 9th November. 
Hancock has confessed the fact for which he was questioned, and Mr. 
Burden has enjoined him penance twice in a sheet, upon one Sunday 
and one holiday. Suspicion of the plague at Leicester. Dr. Lake is 
in consequence casting about where to get a convenient place in 
the country for his office. The writer asks permission to go to 
live at Oadby. Complains of Thomas Sargeant, of Melton Mow- 
bray, an attorney, who having retained the writer as his proctor 
in a cause against Thomas Clowdesley and William Raynes, church- 
wardens of that town, after a time retained Mr. Whitehead as his 
proctor without paying the writer his fees. [1 p.] 

Petition of Peter Richaut, merchant, to the King. Ever since 
1621 the King of Spain has been indebted to petitioner 50,000 
crowns or thereabouts, part being for 100 pieces of ordnance which 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 71 



1638. ^'^^- CiCCC. 

King James gave leave, for a special favour, to the Conde de Gon- 
domar to transport into Portugal for his master's use, and likewise 
for money lent here unto D[on] Carlos Coloma, the King's ambas- 
sador, and lastly for confiscation in Spain of a ship belongiag to 
petitioner, which being unjustly done, he obtained a sentence of 
vista and revista in his favour. Of the total debt petitioner is able 
to make good proof, and for payment petitioner has ever since 1621 
solicited not only himself, but by Lord Cottington, when ambassador 
in Spain, and by other men of power, and lastly by sending two of 
his sons thither, but has obtained nothing but promises and 
delays, and believes that he shall never come to his right except 
by his Majesty's royal favour. Prays that being there is now 
at Dover or in the Downs certain moneys out of Spain, sent 
from the King of Spain's factor or collector into Flanders for 
the said King's use, his Majesty will give petitioner leave to 
arrest such part of the said moneys as will satisfy the said debt, 
and likewise to have his course of law in the Court of Admiralty. 
[Copy. See Vol. cccxxiii., p. 330. |- p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to 8ir Henry Marten to certify his Majesty what 
course may be taken for satisfaction of this debt. White- 
hall, 24<th October 1638. ICopy. Ibid., p. 331. i p.^ 

Oct. 24. 86. Petition of Dame Mary Bartlett, widow, Allan Boteler, and 
Katherine, his wife, administratrix to her late father, Sir Thomas 
Bartlett, and divers others of that family, to the Council. About 
the 15 th of King James, Sir Thomas Bartlett, being carver ia 
ordinary to the late Queen Anne, did, with the expense of all his 
estate, amounting to about 40,000?., settle the pin office, and procure 
a confirmation thereof from his Majesty for London and three miles 
about, and contracted with the company to sell them wire and take 
off their pins at certain rates. Sir Thomas dying, John Bartlett, 
his son, petitioned for enlarging the grant over England and Wales, 
which was referred to Lord Cottington and Sec. Windebank, and 
while the cause was in agitation Attorney-General Noy and the 
said John Bartlett both died, and one Lydsey, a haberdasher of 
small wares, undertook to manage the same as an accountant, but 
surreptitiously gained a grant in his own name, and has ever since 
enjoyed the same. Pray power to Lord Cottington and Sec. Win- 
debank (the former referees) to hear the complaints of petitioners, 
and if upon examination they think fit, that a commission may issue, 
upon whose certificate the Lords may put an end to these differences. 
[1^ p."] Underwritten, 

86. 1. Reference to Lord Cottington and Sec. Windebank to pro- 
ceed in the examination of the particulars complained of 
and to report their opinion'^ to the Board. Star Chamber, 
2Uh October 1Q38. [^ p.} 

[Oct. 24 ?] 87. Full statement of the case of the above petitioners, drawn up 
in 16 numbered- paragraphs. [5 pp."] 



72 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCC. 

[Oct. 24 ?] 88. Similar statement of objections likely to be made by Lydsey, 
with the answers thereto ; part of the same in the handwriting of 
Thomas Meautys, and endorsed " Capt. Butler." [If p.] 

Oct. 24. 89. Petition of the Churchwardens of the parish of St. Edmund's, 
in Salisbury, in behalf of the parish, to Archbishop Laud. Sir 
Giles Estcourt being seized in fee simple of the churchyard of the 
said parish, and of divers timber trees upon the same, as his lay 
inheritance, cut down certain trees upon the said churchyard, where- 
upon petitioners were suitors to you to stay Sir Giles from felling any 
more of the said trees, which might have been very prejudicial to 
the church for want of timber to repair the same. Whei-eupon Sir 
Giles not only gave the parish such trees as he had felled, to the 
repair of the church, which is in great decay, but also conveyed 
the churchyard and the trees upon the same, worth near 2001., to 
the use of the parish for ever. Nevertheless, Sir Giles is again 
drawn into question for the same matters, but without the privity 
of petitioners, who conceive themselves obliged to crave your favour- 
able interpretation of his charitable and pious work. [f p.] 
Underwritten, 

89. 1. Reference to Sir John Lamhe to give the archbishop an 
account whether the deed here mentioned be made in such 
manner as is fitting for the benefit of ike Ghurcli, October 
24!th, 1638. [1 p.} Annexed, 

89. II. Copy of chaHer of foundation of the college of St. Edmund, 
in Salisbury, by Walter, Bishop of Salisbury ; dated I2th 
of the Kalends of March, 1268. \Lat. 2 pp.'] 

89. III. Particulars of grant of the college of St. Edmund, Salis- 
bury, to William Symbarbe [St. Barbe], 5th September, 
38th Henry VIII., with reservation of the parsonages of 
St. Edmund and St. Martin, in the same city, which 
thenceforth were to be presentative. [^ p.] 

89. IV. Notes of presentations to St. Edmund's and St. Martin's 
above mentioned, from 1556 to 1606. [| p.^ 

Oct. 25. 90. Petition of Christopher Vernon, one of the secondaries in the 
OiEce of the Pipe in the Exchequer, to the King. Petitioner, by the 
King's special direction, had of Late, at liis own charge, prosecuted a 
biU in the Star Chamber, in tlie name of the Attorney-General, 
against the now clerk of the pipe [Sir Henry Croke], for undue pro- 
tracting many of the King's most sperate farms and debts, and for ex- 
torting from the King's subjects great sums of money by way of fees, 
which offences the King had pardoned, but without the said pardon 
extending to discharge any debt due. The debts in the schedule 
annexed have been, by the pains of petitioner, found out and alleged 
in the said bill, and since the stay of proceedings on the said bill 
1,136?. 4s., part of the same, has been granted to James Levingston, 
one of the grooms of the bedchamber, reserving a fourth part only to 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 73 



^ggg Vol. CCCC. 

the King's use. There remains l,ldOl. is. l^d. over and above the 
grant to Mr. Levingston. Petitioner sets forth his services, and 
prays a grant of the same remainder, and he will, at his own charge, 
prosecute for the recovery thereof. [^ p.] Annexed, 

90. I. Schedule of the debts charged in the hill in the Star Chamber 
against Sir Henry Grolce, principally balances owing 
from, sheriffs, and one sum, of 1,1 ZQl. 4s., due from Wil- 
liam Viscount Wallingford, and granted to James 
Levingston. The whole sum, was 2,326^ 8s. l^d. [ = 2 pp.] 
Written under the above petition, 

90. II. Reference to the Lord Treasurer to consider the petition 
and inform himself of petitioner's service, and to certify 
what reward he thinks fit. Whitehall, 25th October 1638. 
[Draft, ip.-] 

Oct. 25. Warrant to pay 500Z. to Alexander Herriot, his Majesty's jeweller, 
for a fair diamond ring facetted. [I)ocquet.] 

Oct. 25. Pardon to Robert Parker alias Yeo for horse stealing, whereof he 
was convicted in 1624, also of what he had forfeited to the Crown 
for the same, and that he shall not be compelled to put in sureties 
for good behaviour. [^Docquef] 

Oct. 25. 91. Officers of the Mint to the Council. At the last trial of the 
The Mint, pix you Were informed how the trial pieces for gold and silver 
moneys were dispssed of, and it appearing that the said pieces being 
indented and cut into six parts, four of them remained in England, 
(viz.) the first in the Exchequer, the second with the warden of the 
Mint, the third with the master-workers, and the fourth with the 
wardens of the goldsmiths, and two were sent into Scotland, one for 
the receipt and the other for the Mint there, that the moneys there 
to be coined might agi-ee with the standard of England, and there- 
upon you commanded us to make trial how the said moneys did 
agree. The assay master has made assays of gold and silver moneys 
lately coined at Edinburgh, and finds as follows ; viz., the gold 
moneys to be worse than standard at the pound weight one hundred 
and twenty grains, and the silver moneys to be worse than standard 
at the pound weight three pennyweights, and some of them four 
pennyweights and a half. And herewith agrees the report of the assay 
master of Goldsmiths' Hall, which moneys, had they been coined 
in England, must have been broken as unlawful moneys. [1 p.'] 

Oct. 25. 92. Sir John Lawrence to Sir John Lambe. Being requested by 
IvcT. inhabitants of Norwood to testify my knowledge concerning Robert 
Bagly, of Iver, where I live ; he can read very well under a preach- 
ing minister, but preacher nor scholar he is none, having never been 
at the University nor understanding Latin ; but was my butler, and 
being put out of my service, got orders, God knows how. [Seal 
with arms. ^ p.] 



74 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCC. 

Oct. 25. 93. Sir John Jacob to Sir John Lambe. Yesterday a messenger 
informed me that Mrs. Baber was taken by a warrant, and was to 
be brought into further examination.. I solicit you that if she shall 
deserve any punishment she may have it, and so I am sure I shall 
have justice, for I know, not whether she be manor woman, and 
therefore have received much injury by some knavish combination, 
which has so much troubled me that I could not rest without his 
Grace's word to take care of my reputation. In her examination 
my suit is that my name may not be on the stage, nor myself so 
much as named. As you will in this do yourself no wrong, so shall 
you do me a greal deal of justice. [1 p.'] 

Oct. 25. 94 John Newton, Sheriif of co. Montgomery, to .Nicholas. I have 
Heyghley. gent 300?. to be paid to Sir William Russell towards ship-money. 
It pleased God to visit a great part of the county with the plague, 
and three, the greatest, towns, Machynlleth, Llanidloes, and New- 
town, and because there were collections for relief of these distressed 
parts, these reasons were the only causes of my being so long in 
payment of this money. I have entreated Richard Sherer, mer- 
chant, to wait upon you and Sir William RusseU, and if you think 
the day prescribed for payment too long, I will endeavour to make 
a more short return. When this money is received the arrear will 
be 64)1., which shall be paid with what speed may be. There be two 
of the collectors dead who have 201. in their hands, which I cannot 
as yet get from their executors. [1 ^.] 

Oct. 25. 95. Notes by Nicholas concerning what was testified before Sir 
Dudley Carleton and himself touching the complaint of [John] 
Langdon against [Augustine] Dawney, as to retailing tobacco in 
the precinct of St. Katherine's. [/See l7th inst., No. 48. 1 p.'] 

Oct. 25. 96. Extract from the Register of the High Commission Court of 
the sentence passed in a cause against the inhabitants of Rodden 
alias Royden, co. Somerset. An ancient parochial chapel at Rodden 
was, A.D. 1279, annexed to the parish church of Boyton in Wilts, 
and at length, through neglect of the times, divine service ceased to 
be celebrated there, and the chapel was emploj'ed to profane uses, the 
font-stone being sold for money and used as a cheese press, and the 
chapel bell sold to Sir John Thynne, grandfather of the then Sir 
Thomas, in whose i^house at Longleat, in the east end of a stable, it 
then hung. It also appeared that Sir John Danvers, patron of the 
rectory of Boyton, in the 20th of Queen Elizabeth, demised the said 
chapel, glebe, and tithes to Robert Acourt, grandfather to William 
Acourt, the present lessee, for 60 years, if Paul French, B.D., the 
then rector of Boyton, should so long live, and that the said chapel 
house, glebe, and tithes were at the time of this sentence demised unto 
William Acourt by Mr. Mervyn, the then present incumbent of 
Boyton, under a yearly rent. The court ordered the inhabitants, at 
their own cost, to re-edify the said chapel, and fit it with all things 
necessary for divine worship by this day tw;elvemonth, and that a 
rate should be levied on the lands in the said hatnlet for that pur- 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 75 



] 638. "^°^- ^*^^^- 

pose, and a plot be allotted for a chapel yard ; the chancel to be 
repaired by the rector of Boyton, and the inhabitants of Redden to 
pay the prosecutor his costs. [7J pp.] 

Oct. 25. 97. Similar extract of the sentence in a cause against Nicholas 
Slater, of Eoj'den, Essex, yeoman, and Blanche Cowper, wife of 
Thomas Cowper, of Limehouse, Middlesex. Defendants being both 
married persons had committed adultery together in various places 
and on many occasions, and Slater, without licence, like a vagabond 
and a mountebank, had wandered up and down the kingdom, pro- 
fessing physic and surgery, and carried Blanche about with him 
from place to place. Slater was committed close prisoner to New- 
gate, and Blanche to the old Bridewell, there to remain during 
pleasure, no resort being permitted to Slater under pretence of using 
him for physic. They were also added public penance in Ware 
and Stepney, and Slater was fined l,000i. and Blanche 100?. to his 
Majesty. Slater was also ordered to allow his wife Elizabeth 40 
marks alimony per annum, and both defendants were condemned in 
costs of suit. [3 pp.} 

Oct. 26. Pardon to John Pay, feodary of cos. Salop and Montgomery, of 
all offences committed by him in his office and his employments in 
the court of wards and liveries. [Bocquet.l 

Oct. 26. Grant to Edward Manning in fee farm of the manors of Bradbuiy 
and Hilton co. Durham, under 550?. yearly rent. [Bocquet.'] 

Oct. 26. Warrant to the Treasurer of the Chamber for payment of 18d. 
per diem to Thomas Mellersh, his Majesty's coffer-keeper, for life, 
from the decease of Robert Johnson, the late coffer-keeper. [Boc- 
quet.'] 

Oct. 26. 98. Anthony Whalley, Bailiff of St. Katherine's, near the Tower, 
and John Leigh to Nicholas. We understand that John Langdon 
has made complaint against us about shutting up his house. Some 
two years ago, he turning his maid-servant out of doors betwixt nine 
and ten of the clock at night, and it being repoited by the neigh- 
bours that she had the plague we carried her to him again, and next 
morning sent the searchers to cearch her, but Langdon would not 
suffer them so to do, whereupon we shut up his doors, as we hope was 
lawful. Ys P-] 

Oct. 26. 99. Inigo Jones to the Council. According to your order of the 
19th inst. concerning the divisions made in several parts of St. 
James's field, and a bridge of bricks begun for passage of carts into 
the said field, I have spoken with Archibald Lumsdale, the tenant, 
and showed him your order for demolishing the bridge, taking away 
the rails, and laying plain the ditch, all which he has undertaken 
shall be done by Thursday next. [1 p.] 

Oct. 26. 100. The same to the same. According to j'-our order of the 
21st inst. concerning the buildings of John Ward between Long 



76 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



jggg Vol. CCCC. 

Acre and Covent Garden, I have again viewed the place, and com- 
pared it with a plot made by "Ward of the houses he intends to 
build. For the entrance into the ground from Long Acre he intends 
to make an alley nine feet wide, and to build it overhead 44 feet in 
length. Details Ward's plan for the construction of 17 small houses. 
One of the ways which he speaks of to be made to go out of this 
alley into Covent Garden is througb the garden of Lady Stanhope, 
and the other through the gardens of several persons. Whether 
the pestering of such places with alleys of mean houses, having but 
one way to them and no other way to go out, be against the intention 
of the Proclamation for Buildings I leave you to consider. [2 pp.\ 

Oct. 2 6. 101. Plan of John W^ard's proposed buildings between Long Acre 
and Covent Garden referred to in the preceding letter. [1 p.'] 

Oct. 26. 102. Six receipts for 40s., each being for money paid by the church- 
wardens of St. Swithin's, London, to Ambrose Boone, for the use of 
Martha Harvie, widow, in part of 32?. 2s. Od. belonging to the widow 
but remaining in the hands of the churchwardens. The first receipt is 
dated 3rd June 1638, the last this day. [1 p.] 

Oct. 26. 103. List of persons certified by the late bailiffs of Shrewsbury as 
defaulters to the ship-money. Thirteen had departed the town since 
the assessment, two were dead, and 60 were obstinate or poor. [^Under- 
written is an affidavit of John Tench, one of the sergeants-at-mace 
of the said town, in verification of the list, and that he had endured 
many scandalous, opprobrious, and threatening speeches in his 
endeavour to collect the amount. =^ip-1 

Oct. 26. 104. Report of Capt. William Legge on the condition of the fort 
on Holy Island. States the nature and situation of the place, its 
importance, the necessity for repairs, and for the payment of the 
wages of the garrison, which had been assigned to be paid out of the 
revenues of Yorkshire, but cannot be obtained. The estimate for 
the repairs made by Sir William Widdrington is nothing amiss 
[^i PP-] Annexed, 

104. I. Survey of the fort taken by Sir William Widdrington 
and Ralph Errington on IQth April 1638, comprising an 
estimateofthe sum needful for repairs (totall29L 18s.) and 
an CKCount of the ammunition then in the fort. [3 pp."] 

Oct. 26. Copy of the same with the survey annexed. [See Vol. cccxcvi. 
pp. 25-30. 5J pp.] 

Oct. 27. 105. Petition of the Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses of Berwick-upon- 
Tweed to the King. Upon information given to your Majesty that 
there were certain grounds in possession of Sir James Douglas lying 
near the walls of Berwick, into which petitioners had put some 
cattle, and had impounded some of the cattle of Sir James Douglas's 
tenants th^eof, your Majesty was thereupoij. pleased to signify 
that petitioners should forbear such acts till their title to the said 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 77 



jggg Vol. CCCC. 

grounds was made good by due course of law. The ground claimed 
by Sir James lies within the old wall of the town, called the Scotch 
■wall, and between it and the new wall, and is no parcel of any of 
the possessions of Sir James Douglas, but ever since the charter of 
King James has been enjoyed by petitioners and their predecessors, 
and if Sir James conceives himself to have any right thereto he may 
commence suit against petitioners. [1 p.1 Ilndorsed, 

105. I. Minute of the wish of his Majesty that petitioners and 
Sir James Douglas might in a friendly manner agree 
hetxveen themselves, otherwise the latu is open to them. 
Whitehall, 27th October 1638. [i p.] 

105. ir. Copy of a letter probably suggested to be luritten by the 

King to the Mayor and others of Berwick in conformity 
with his Majesty's pleasure intimated in No. i. [| ^.] 

Oct. 27. 106. Petition of William Flood, vicar of Dorney, co. Buckingham, 
to the King. The said vicarage being worth but 25Z. per annum, 
and great part thereof consisting of the tithes of coppice woods, which 
of late have been grubbed up and converted into arable, petitioner 
is altogether disabled to maintain himself and family as becometh 
his calling and function, by reason that Sir John Parsons, who has 
the impropriate parsonage there, has all the tithe corn out of those 
very lands which heretofore paid tithe wood to the vicarage. Prays 
reference to Archbishop Laud and others of the Council. [] pi\ 
Endorsed, 

106. I. Reference to the Archbishop, the Lord Keeper, and the 

Lord Privy Seal to send for Sir John Parsons and take 
some course for relief of petitioner. Whitehall, 27th October 
1638. [ip.] 

1 06. II. Appointment of the referees to hear the business on the 

21st November next. Z\st October 1638. [6 linss.~\ 

Oct. 27. 107. Petition of Edward Watkins and Thomas Aileway, chief 
searchers of the port of London, to the same. Your Majesty granted 
petitioners for life the office of chief seai-chers, with all emoluments, 
to which office there is an ancient fee belonging, called head-silver, 
to be taken of every one that takes [shipping] at the said port. In 
i-ecard that head-silver is not in express terms granted to petitioners, 
the under-searchers of the port claim the same as their right, 
and take the same to the damage of petitioners. Pray a confirmation 
of their office of chief searchers, and a grant of the said fee in express 
terms. [| p.] Underwntten, 

107. I. Reference to Sec. Coke, calling to his assistance the Solicitor- 

General, to toJce order for renewing the grant to petitioners 
as they shall find agreeable to ancient usage. Whitehall, 
27th October 1638. [Slightly damaged. 1 p.] 



78 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



Vol. CCCC. 
1638. 
Oct. 27. 108. Ealph Pollard, Mayor of St. Alban's, to the Council. Answer 
to the excuses alleged by Sir John Jennings for non-payment of the 
ship-money assessed upon him at St. Alban's. The sum rated on 
Sir John was assessed in respect of his estate and worth, and not 
of the small quantity of land he holds. If the rule pretended by 
him, viz. 4s. for every 20 acres of land, were followed at St. Alban's, 
he whose revenue is 1,000Z. per annum would be rated at 4s., and the 
whole borough would not amount to 101., whereas it is charged at 
1201. Sir John's charge of children is the case of most of his 
neighbours, who have not a sixth part of his estate, and as to his 
occasionally residing elsewhere the writer believes he did it to avoid 
the ship-money, being very unwilling thereto and to aU other rates 
for his Majesty. [4 p.] 

Oct. 27. 109. Petition of John Vuglar, clerk, to Archbishop Laud. By the 
malice of some ill-affected persons, petitioner was in 1636 convented 
before the Bishop of Exeter and wrongfully accused for a common 
drunkard and blasphemer, for which he was suspended ab offi^cio until 
upon the certificate of many divines and others he was cleared and re- 
stored. Petitioner is now again accused for the same suggested 
crimes in the Court of High Commission, being a poor curate and 
having a wife and three children depending wholly upon his stipend, 
which is but 8Z. per annum. Beseeches the archbishop to dismiss the 
cause with some reasonable costs, it being most unjust that petitioner 
should twice suffer for one and the same suggestions, [f jp.] Under 
written. 

109. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to peruse the articles here 
tnentioned, and if he find them to he the sarnie for which 
petitioner wa^ censured before his ordinary, to see that 
the cause be forthwith dismissed. October 27th, 1638. 

Oct. 27. 1 10. John Buxton, late sheriff of Norfolk, to Nicholas. I have 
East Wretham. paid in this week 300J. more of ship-money in arrear, which will be 
repaid by the merchant to Sir WiUiam Russell on "Wednesday 
sennight. There remaias now not above llOl. 18s. 7d., whereof there 
is 781. due from the hundred of Blofield, the chief constables, of the 
said hundred having entered bond to Sir Dudley Carleton to pay in 
all arrears on the 27th September last, and yet they are in arrear so 
" importunate " a sum, and are so tardy in the service, that they 
deserve to be made examples. They are " responsive " men, and able 
to satisfy the bond they have entered of 100^. to pay in the money, 
which I desire may be accordingly pursued against them. Their 
names are Matthew Stephenson and Roger Reynolds, and I desire 
that I may be discharged of the 78^. the}' are in arrear ; without 
question the moneys may easily be recovered of them upon the bond. 
They are such factious, peremptory fellows that their ill example, 
besides their persuasions in a secret way, has retarded others from 
the execution of the warrants I daily sent out for distress, and 
therefore they deserve no favour, and Stephenson more especially has 
bragged since his return from the Board that God strengthened him in 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 79 



1638. Vol. CCCC. 

a marvellous maimer, and that he answered boldly and undauntedly for 
himself. I have been much perplexed to hear of Ms daily ostentations 
in that kind, and am persuaded that such spirits have caused it to 
be a "work of such difficulty. Such hundreds as bordered upon 
Blofield were so infected by the vicinity that I had more to do to 
collect and levy their arrearages than in all the county besides. As for 
the 321. 18s. 7^. inarrear of other hundreds I hope to get it in within 
this fortnight. [1 ^.] 

Oct. 27. 111. Bill of Robert Burgh, upholsterer, for 51, Os. *7d. with receipt 
for 4i." in full." [|^.] 

Oct. 27. 112. Account by Sir William Russell of arrears of ship-money for 
163-5. Received, 2351. 2s. 8d.; remains, 4,745Z. [= 2pp.'] 

Oct 27. 113. Similar account of arrears for 1636. Received, 143?. 2s. 8d. ; 
unpaid, 7,727Z. 13s. 6d. [=2 pp.] 

Oct. 27. 114. The like arrears for 1637. Total received, 143,655Z. 6s. Ur, 
unpaid, 52,759?. Is. ^sd. By an underwritten note it is stated that 
1,127?. 9s. 9c?. had been received since the account was made up. 
[ = 2 pp.] 

Oct. 27. 115. Account of ship-moneys remaining in the hands of the sheriffs, 
4,100?., which added to the sum received by Sir William Russell 
made the total collected 148,882?. [1 p.] 

■ Oct. 28. 116. Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery to Sir John 
Whitehall. Pennington. I render you in the name of our association thanks 
for the prize you lately sent us, which though she much exceeds the 
first estimate of 250?., yet as she appears to be worth only 800?. net, 
we are still short of satisfaction for our sufferings from the Dunkirker 
almost 3,000?, so that we are forced to desire you to assist us by taking 
other of their ships till we are able to gain to such a sum, for which 
we conceive you have sufficient warrant. I wonder that having 
sent word to your kinsman that the two brace of does you wrote for 
should be ready whensoever he required them, that notwithstanding 
I hear no more from him. [Seal with arms. | p.] 

Oct. 29. Presentation of Morgan Godwyn, LL.D., to the rectory of Llangan, 

in diocese of Llandaff, void by death of last incumbent and in his 
Majesty's gift hdc vice, by reason of the minority of John Thomas, 
his Majesty's ward. [Bocquet] 

Oct 29. Cong^ d'elire to the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough, that see 
being void by death of the late bishop. [Docquet^^ 

Oct, 29. Letter to the Dean and Chapter of Peterborough to elect John 
Towres, D.D., to be bishop of that see. [Bocquet] 

Oct. 29. Grant of a prebend's place in the church of Westminster to Jona- 
than Browne, LL.D., during his life, void bj' promotion of Dr. 
Towres to the bishopric of Peterborough. [DocqiMt] 



80 DOMESTIC— CHAELES 1. 



1G38. V«^- CC^C- 

Oct. 29. Grant of a prebend's place in the church of Windsor fo James 

Rowlandson, D.D., void by the death of Dr. Sunnybank. [Bocqv^t] 

Oct. 29. Grant of the Deanery of Peterborough to Thomas Jackson, D.D., 

void by the promotion of Dr. Towres to the bishopric of Peterborough. 
[Doequet] 

Oct. 29. 117. Sir William Belasys, Sheriff of co. Durham, to Nicholas. I 
Durham, have received a sharp letter from the Council much blaming me for 
backwardness in the shipping collection, which I can in no way 
amend, for I have not been one week silent, but have still called on 
the high constables for effecting thereof, which by them is not yet 
done. Before I received this letter from the Council, I had sent up 
more than was formerly paid in, 370?., which I hope will be paid to 
Sir William Russell before the receipt of this letter, so that there is 
not so much " arered " as is pretended. The greatest obstacle of 
this collection is occasioned by the coal-owners of Newcastle, whose 
coals and keels though I have caused them to be arrested, yet still they 
take them away and vend them in the port of Newcastle without 
the county, to the great prejudice of the service, [^Margin by 
Nicholas : " He should send up the names of those that take away the 
heeh ;"] for which cause I entreat you to procure the Lords' letters 
to the mayor of Newcastle, without whose assistance tlie keelmen 
living there cannot by my officers be arrested. I desire you there- 
fore to present my suit to the Lords. \^Seal with crest, f p.] 

Oct. 29. 118. Archbishop Laud to the Dean and Chapter of Chester. I 
am informed that in your quadrangle or abbey court at Chester 
the bishop's house takes up one side of the quadrangle, that an- 
other side has in it the dean's house and some buildings for singing 
men, that the third side has in it one prebend's house only and 
the rest is turned to a malthouse, and that the fourth side (where 
the grammar school stood) is turned to a common brewhouse, and 
was let into lives by your imworthy predecessors. This malthouse 
and brewhouse must by noise, smoke, and filth infinitely annoy 
both the bishop's house and your own, and I much wonder that 
any men of ordinary discretion should for such a little tri[fling] gain 
bring such a mischief (for less it is not) upon the place of their own 
dwelling. Hitherto this concerns your predecessors and not your- 
selves. That which follows will appear to be j^our own fiiult. Not 
long since the brewer died, and though the King's letters were then 
come down to you to forbid letting into lives, yet you renewed it 
again into three lives for a poor sum of 30?. This was very ill 
done, and should his Majesty be made acquainted with it, you would 
not be able to answer it. Now I hear the brewer's wife is dead, 
and you have given me cause to fear that you will fill up the lease 
again with another life, and then there will be no end of this mis- 
chief I have therefore moved his Majesty in tliis particular, and he 
has required me to lay his commands upon you that you do not 
presume to let any part of that court to any other than the prebends 
or other necessary members of the church, and that for the present 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 81 



1638. Vol. CCCC. 

you renew neither term of life nor term of years, either to the 
brewer or maltster, but that you suffer them to wear out that term 
■which they have, and then reserve the place for the use aforesaid. 
And you are further, by the same command, to register these letters. 
[Draft. Written on the blank leaf of a letter addressed to Arch- 
bishop Laud. Seal with arms of the writer of that letter. | p."] 

Oct. 29. 119. Sir John Lambe to the Dean and Chapter of Chester. A great 
mishap has befallen Mr. Kilvert, and some loss to his Majesty. IJpon 
the writ of inquiry for the Bishop of Lincoln's goods and chattels, 
Kilvert, with much ado, found out the next advowson of the r[ectory] 
of Braunston [Branston], co. Lincoln, which the bishop had bought, 
which being wrong returned by the sheriff he took another writ, 
and found it again at the value of 100 marks, and this term had 
out his writ of vendicioni exponas. These cost him oOl. or 601. in 
the charges of the two inquisitions and the writ of vendicioni 
exponas, which he had not till Saturday last, before which day the 
incumbent died, and now, as I conceive, the King must give it 
freely, and so loses 100 marks that it was found at, and Kilvert 501. 
or 601. charges and all his pains. Upon search, I find it to be but 
181. 17s. lOd. in the King's books, so that I doubt my Lord Keeper 
wiU have the benefit of the King's loss and Kilvert's, unless you 
can do some favour for Kilvert's clerk. One Rowlett died a 
bachelor in Lincolnshire, worth 300?. in goods, besides some lands, 
without any kindred. The Queen, as lady of the manor, claims the 
land as escheated, and one of her servants has begged the goods, 
whicB, as I conceive, do not escheat, but belong to you to dispose of 
as ordinary. [Draft. \ p^ 

Oct. 29. 120. Henry Earl of Stamford to Sir John Lambe. I desire your 
Bradgate. favour to acquaint the Archbishop with this relation. About a 
fortnight since, as I came from hunting, I heard, not far out of my 
way, certain falconers. It being within my royalty I made the 
more haste to see who they were, and there I found one parson Smith, 
of Swithland, and his company ; he with a hawk upon his fist 
and speaking unto his dogs. So I repaired unto him and told him 
that I wondered much how he durst be so bold to take his plea- 
sure within my royalties, having been often discharged. He an- 
swered that the laws of the realm allowed it him, and so long as 
the King lived he would take his pastimes at his pleasure. I 
replied that wiUnin his own lands and liberties he might do what 
he pleased, but he had no property in mine, therefore I discharged 
him absolutely. Besides some other unmannerly speeches, he told 
me that he would halt there, whereupon I was very much moved 
at it, and did make offer to catch off his hawk's neck, but he cast 
off his hawk from his fist and bore at me with his other hand, and 
so caught hold of my shoulder. I, for my own defence, caught hold 
of a riband he wore across his body like a gallant, believing he 
might have pulled me off from my horse, but the riband, not owing 
any fidelity to his function, brake, and so we parted. I told him 
13. F 



82 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. VO..CCCC. 

that I would complain to his Grace ; he replied that he would meet 
ine anywhere. I told him that then he must appear in a canonical 
garment ; for when we met he had none such upon his body. I 
considered that he was a clergyman, and although I was very much 
moved and had a good strong hunting pole in my hdnd, yet, re- 
.membering his function, I forbore to strike, believing thab his 
Grace will consider that there is a distance betwixt so mean a man, 
both in learning and gravity, as Smith is, and a peer of the realm. 
I beseech you let me lea%'e this business to your care. P.S. — Smith 
keeps greyhound, crossbows, guns, and, as I am informed, all sorts 
of engines for destroying game. \_Seals ivith crest. 3 pjp?^ 

Oct. 29. 121. John Windebank to his father Sec. "Windebank. Denies 
New College, that he is either married or has been guilty of any act of improper 
°^ ' familiarity with either of Dr. Iles's daughters. The occasion of the 
rumour is that by reason of his accident of breaking his shoulder 
from a tree in [the college ?] garden, and the Bishop of Oxford de- 
siring to see him, he made use of the opportunity of going with 
the ladies alluded to in their coach. [2 fp?^ 

Oct. 29. 122. [Dr.j Thomas Reade to his uncle Sec. Windebank. Ne- 
New College, gatives the rumour alluded to in the last letter. \Lat. i «.! 

Oxford. 1. ■* i J 

Oct. 29. 123. Certificate of Thomas Cholmondeley, Sheriff of co. Chester, of 
the ship-money levied and paid by that county (total 2,740L) under 
the writs for 1637. [2 pp.^ 

Oct. 30. Warrant to pay 40s. per diem, to Sir Balthazer Gerbier, his 
Majesty's resident with the Cardinal Infante in Flanders, for his 
entertaiument from 15th September last, and also for payment of his 
extraordinary charges allowed by one of the Secretaries of State. 
[Docquet^ 

Oct. 30. 124. Petition of Roger Prosser, joiner, and Mary bis wife, to 
Archbishop Laud. John Williams, an informer, a very malicious 
and contentious man, oftentimes railed on petitioner, and defamed 
him in his trade and struck him, for which petitioner arrested him, 
and not for serving a process as he informed the archbishop (see 
22tcc^ October, No. 71). Williams removed the suit two several 
times, and the Recorder of London had the hearing thereof and 
greatly blamed Williams, and referred the matter to the judge of 
the Mayor's Court, yet WiUiams removed it from thence into the 
King's Bench. Williams formerly got an excommunication against 
petitioner's wife unjustly out of the Arches Court of Canterbury, 
and put petitioner to great charges, when he had never cited peti- 
tioner nor had made oath of it, which because Sir John Lambe put 
petitioner Mary to her oath and found out the said Williams's false- 
hood, therefore he does them all the mischief he can, and caused 
your Grace to send two pursuivants for them, who fetched them out 
of their house on Saturday last by violence and keep them prisoners, 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 83 



■^ggg Vol. CCCC. 

they having four small children, petitioner being very weak, and 
his wife great with child again. Pray a reference for hearing the 
matter to Sir John Lambe. [| p.'] Underwritten, 

124. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe, to give the archbishop^ an 
account what he conceives of the truth of the suggestions, 
that further order may be taken. October 30th, 1638. 

Up-] 

Oct. 30. 125. Speech of Dr. [Meric] Casaubon addressed to the Queen- 

[16:^8 ?] Mother of France at Canterbury. [1 p.} 

Oct. 30. 126. Bill of George Green for 61. IBs., for billets and faggots 
supplied to Endymion Porter. [1 p.] 

Oct. 31. Grant whereby his Majesty erected an office of surveyor and 
sealer of all copper, gUt, or silvered wire thread, spangles, oes, and 
other manufactures of copper made in this realm or imported, with 
a fee of 2d. per lb. upon disgrossing the wire, except foreign wire 
imported, which is to be charged 2d. per lb. upon the sealing or al- 
lowance thereof ; and the said office, upon the nomination of Susan 
Case, dry-nurse to the royal children, is granted to Gervase Unwin 
for 31 years. [Docquet.'] 

Oct. 31. Minute of warrant of the Commissioners for Saltpetre and Gun- 
powder to Robert Smith, messenger. To bring before them Thomas 
Rushly, of Uffington, Berks. [See Vol. ccxxii., p. 84. 6 lines.'] 

Oct. 31. 127. The CouncU to the Justices of Peace of Hants. We are in- 

Whitehaii. formed that Anthony Spittle, postmaster of Basingstoke, and 

Davis, postmaster of Hartford Bridge, have abused the country 
thereabouts and the warrants they received from the Secretaries of 
State, for whereas they had warrant only upon extraordinary oc- 
casions for his Majesty's service to take up horses, they make it 
their ordinary practice for their own private gain to send weekly 
for eight or ten horses apiece, and either let them to hire to men 
that ride post on their private occasions, or keep them at their inns 
to gain by their standing there, or else discharge them for money. 
For which abuse we hold it very necessary that there be some 
exemplary punishment inflicted on the said postmasters, and there- 
fore require you to take examination tliereof, and to certify the same 
to this Board, whereupon order shall be taken for reforming the 
said abuses. \Gopy. 1 f>.] 

[Oct.?] 128. Petition of his Majesty's tenants of the manor ofDacre, in 

Cumberland, to the Council. The King and his predecessors for 
above 60 years have been seized in right of the Crown of the 
manor of Dacre, and petitioners under his Majesty have continued 
in peaceable possession, till about a year since John Pattenson, 
Robert Harrison, Edmund Sandforth, and others, by what title pe- 
titioners know not, riotously entered into the said manor and took 
and drove away a great number of petitioners' goods, and some they 
starved to death, others they conveyed whither petitioners know 

P 2 



84 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. ^«^- ^^^^- 

not, and besides they beat and wounded several of his Majesty's 
tenants and committed other outrageous misdemeanours, for which 
they stand indicted, to petitioners' damage of above 300Z. Upon 
complaint to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington they directed 
inquiry by justices of peace of the said county, who certified that 
petitioners were damnified 143?. (being much less than they were), 
whereupon the said justices were directed to require the delinquents 
to make satisfaction, and, if they refused, to bind them to appear 
before the justices of assize. The said delinquents refusing, the 
latter justices bound tlie only one of them who appeared before them, 
to answer before this Board, and granted warrant to apprehend the 
others, but they keep themselves so close that they cannot be ap- 
prehended. Pray that such rebellious outrages may not be suffered 
to go unpunished,' and that petitioners maybe satisfied their damages. 
[1^.] 

Oct.? 129. [Sec. Windebank to the Judges of the Exchequer.] I sig- 

nified to you last term that his Majesty had a particular eye upon 
an information exhibited before you by Mr. Attorney-General against 
divers merchants and masters of ships for defrauding his Majesty 
of his customs upon gold and silver thread imported, to which it 
seems several merchants demurred, denying his Majesty's right to 
those duties, but that part has been overruled. I am again to put 
you in mind of that business, his Majesty expecting your especial 
care of it, since his service is as well concerned in that part of the 
demurrer yet in question as in that which is already overruled, it 
being all one to deny his Majesty the duty as to deny his farmers 
the power of suing those who withhold that duty. \Draft, cor- 
rected by Sec. Windebank and endorsed " Lady Villiers." | p.] 

[Oct.] 130. Schedule of the names of persons behind in ship-money in 

various hundreds of co. Hertford, and the reasons why the same is 
uncollected. [Slip of parchment. = ^pp.^ 

[Oct. ?] 131. Account of ship-money resting unpaid in the borough of 

Hertford (2i. 4s. 2d.), and similar account for the members of that 
borough (in. Is. 8d.). [= i i?.] 

Oct. 132. Calculations by Nicholas as to the ship-money assessed on 

each county in 1637 in comparison with the amounts charged in the 
writs now about to be issued. [3 pp^ 

Oct. 133. Another similar paper with some additions. [2 pp.\ 

Oct. 134. Statement of the arrear of money ordered to be paid hy 

Sir William Kussell for the office of the Ordnance, upon estimates 
of the fleets set forth in 1635, 1636, 1637, and 1638. Total, 
25,71 6L 16s. OK l\ p.'\ 

[Oct.?] 135. Notes by Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey of his "sense 

of the cause " between the Earl of Salisbury and Denzell Holies. 
He was of opinion that HoUea on appearing before the Council 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 85 



1638. VOL.CCCC. 

should kneel down as a delinquent, and that if he could not satisfy 
the Lords better than he did the Lord Chamberlain, the writer, and 
his son Maltravers, he should acknowledge his high offence and " be 
heartily sorry for it," and desire Lord Salisbury and the Lords in all 
humUity to pardon his so presumptuous a fault. If he refuse to do 
this, he should be committed until he perform it. [1 p.] 

Oct. 136. See " Keturns made by Justices of Peace." 



Vol. CCCCI. November 1-14, 1638. 



1638. 

Nov. 1. 1. James Lord Livingstone, of Almond, to his cousin Thomas 

Edinburgh. Livingstone, tailor, in the Strand. I received j'our letters, whereby 
you desire those moneys that you became surety for. I having 
written sundry times to Quartermaster Younger to pay the same to 
you, write to him yourself, and show him of these moneys, together 
with such other expenses as you have disbursed upon my affairs. 
The time is such that money is hard to be had here. The " plaitt " I 
have heard nothing yet of it. Having written to Mr. Thompson I 
appointed it to be sent, but have heard nothing, therefore search for 
it, otherwise it is like to be lost, and you will find the smart of it, 
having written so often and your nephew coming home and would 
not send it with him. If you have not yet written to Alexander, 
write to him that he may repair to Holland with all expedition. 
Things go so uncertain here, that I can write nothing of them to 
you until the next occasion. [Endorsed, a raemoranduTn stating 
jji'ices of groceries, lip.] 

Nov. 1, 2. Richard Bee to [Eichard] Harvey. Sends accounts of his 

mistress's last half year's rents [for the manor of Astonj. Has sent 
his master's colt by the bearer, and has given him 6s. for his 
charges to London. [| p.J 

Nov. 1. 3. Account of Richard Poole of saltpetre brought into his Ma- 

jesty's stores and delivered to Samuel Cordewell, his Majesty's gun- 
powder maker, from 1st May 1638 to this day. Total, 115 lasts 
5 cwts. 10 lbs., being 8 lasts and 10 lbs. more than the assigned 
proportion. [1 p.] 

Nov. I. Sir Arthur Mainwaring and four others to Henry Earl of Holland. 

According to your warrant of 4th September last, we have made 
our repair to Remnan [Eemenham ?] Park, lying in Fynes bailiwick 
within the forest of Windsor, being in the possession of John Lord 
Lovelace, and find that 30 acres of coppice wood in the said park 
may be conveniently felled this year, so that all the wood felled be 
avoided before the fence month, and that it be sufficiently fenced 
and so kept according to the assize of the forest. [_Copy. See 
Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 33. -f p.] Underwritten, 

L Minute of a licence to John Lord Lovelace for selling the said 
coppice, lith November 1638. [Copy. Ihid.,p.M. ^jp.] 



86 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. To.. COCCI. 

Nov. 2. 4. Note by Nicholas of new pewter bought by him this day. 

The new service weighed 225 lbs., which was charged at Is. 4S. 
per lb., but the seller took off Nicholas's hands an old service which 
weighed 186 lbs., and allowed him Is. per lb. for the same. [1 p.] 

Nov. 3. Commissioners for Gunpowder to the Master of the Ordnance. 

WMtehall. Warrant to deliver 24 barrels of gunpowder at 18d. per lb. to 
Godwin Awdry, of Melksham, for replenishing the magazine for 
Wilts. [Minute. Book of Warrants for Gunpowder. See Vol, ccclv., 
No.6hp.7. ^p.] 

Nov. 3. 5. Petition of Nathaniel Halhed, clerk, to Archbishop Laud. 

Time out of mind reasonable means have been allowed the ministers 
in divers parishes in co. Warwick for their maintenance, and in 
respect of their pains, and likewise allowance has been given for 
repairing the churches. But now the means are taken away from 
the church, being allowed to the ministers as aforesaid, and also for 
repairing the churches, so that the parishioners are enforced to go 
unto other parishes to hear the word of God, and the churches are 
demolished and fallen to ruin. Prays that he may deliver the 
several abuses more at large, as he upon his own knowledge can 
relate. [| p-l Underwritten, 

5. I. " / desire Sir John Lambe to consider of this petition, and 
to inform himself of such other particulars as this bearer 
shall relate to hi/in, and let me have an account. W. Cant." 
' November 2rd, 1638. \_\ p.l 

5. II. Notes by Sir John La/mbe apparently of information com- 
Tnunicated by the petitioner, 'ihe church of Hodnel was 
stated to be altogether demolished. Sir John Dryden, 
Dr. Kingsmill, and Edward Gibbes have the tithes appro- 
priate ; the petitioner has a presentation to the rectory or 
vicarage. Milcote, Sesencote, and Goldicote, the petitioner 
says, are three churches demolished, [^p.] 

Nov. 3. 6. Account by Sir William Russell of ship-monej'- for 1637. 

Total received, 140,246?. 12s. lid ; unpaid, 50,1 67?. 14s. 9d. By 
a note at foot, 850?. appears to have been received after the account 
was made out. [=2 pp.'] 

Nov. 3. 7. Account of ship-money for 1637, levied and remaining in 

the hands of sheriffs. Total, 6,100?., which makes the total collected 
152,346?. [1 p.} 

Nov. 3. 8. Account of ship-money in arrear for 1635. Total, 4,744?. 
19s. lid lip.] 

[Nov. 3.] 9. Order of making the bill for sheriffs in the Exchequer on the 
morrow of All Souls. The proceedings on this occasion are minutely 
stated, with some mention of the excuses on account of which a 
person named by the judges might be discharged from being put into 
thebiU. [lip.] 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 87 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCI. 



[Nov. 3.] 10. List of sheriffs for the various counties in England, probably 
the list struck this day in the Exchequer. [1^ p.] 

[Nov. 3.] 11. Another list, with various alterations from the preceding ; the 
list as finally settled. [1 pj] 

[Nov. 4?] 12. Petition of Robert Toomes and Thomas Cowper, bailiffs for col- 
lecting ship-money in co. Northampton, to the Council. Petitioners 
having been employed by Sir Robert Banaster, late sheriff, distrained 
a mare of the Earl of Peterborough, -whereupon William Preston, 
steward to the Earl, pursued petitioners with hue and cry, and 
caused them to be carried before a justice of peace, who committed 
them to gaol (see 10th October last, I^o. 27). Petitioners likewise 
distrained two cows of Edmund Farmer, of Dayntrie [Daventry], 
CO. Northampton, which Farmer violently took away, and con- 
veyed petitioner Toomes before a justice of peace, who bound 
him to answer at the next assizes, with many other abuses which 
petitioners desire to relate by word of mouth. Pray that some 
course may be taken for vacating the bond for their appearance, and 
that satisfaction may be given them for their charges and repairing 
their credit. [1 p-] 

Nov. 4 1.3. Certificates, principally of the said Robert Toomes and Thomas 

Cowper, delivered by Sir Robert Banaster, of defaulters to the ship- 
money during his shrievalty of co. Northampton. They relate to a 
rescue by Thomas Odell, of Desborough ; certificate against Henry 
Aspitall and five others of Wellingborough, who said that they 
would neither pay nor be distrained ; and the like against Sir William 
Willmer, of Seywell, and his people, who refused to allow the bailiffs 
to bring out a distress. Sir William saying that, if Sir Robert Ban- 
aster should come and distrain himself, he would rescue the cattle. 

Nov. 4. 14. Book of notes by Nicholas of various proceedings before the 

Council from this day until the 25th inst. They are brief notes, as 
(in relation to the last entry) " Sir William Willmer to be sent for." 
The several days the business of which is treated of are the 4th, 18th, 
20th, 21st, 23rd, and 25th inst. [32 pp., of which only 11 contain 
writing.'] -'■'- 

Nov. 5. Presentation of Dr. Towres to the rectory of Castor [co. North- 

ampton], void by death of the last incumbent and in his Majesty's 
gift, pro hoc vice, by reason of the vacancy of the bishopric of 
Peterborough. [Docquef] 

Nov. 5^ Warrant to pay 7 00^. per diem to Mons. Luc de Fabroni, Knight 

and Vicomte of i)ompmart, for the expenses of the Queen-Mother 
of France, to commence from the 4th inst. [Bocquet] 

Nov. 5. 15. The King to the Sheriff of co. York, the mayor and com- 

monalty of the city of York, and the sheriffs of the same city, and 
to the municipal authorities of Ripon, Doncaster, Pontefract, Eich- 



88 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



1638. 



Nov. 5. 

Westminster. 



Nov. 5, 
Westminster. 



Nov. 5. 



Vol. CCCCI. 

mond, Leeds, Headon [Hedon], Beverley, Escardeleigh otherwise 
Scardburgh, and Kingston-upon-Hull, and to the good men of the 
towns of Bridlington, Blyth, Whitby, and Guisborough. Ship-money 
writ for two ships of 600 tons and 240 men each, to be ready 
equipped at Portsmouth on 1st March next. [^Lat. = 7 pp.] 

16. The King to the Sheriffs of Hants, Surrey, and Sussex, and 
the corporate authorities of Portsmouth, Southampton, Winchester, 
Andover, Romsey, Basingstoke, Guildford, Southwark, Kingston-on- 
Thames, Eye, Winchelsea, Hasting, Pevensey, Shoreham, Arundel, 
Chichester, Seaford, and the good men of Havant, Fareham, the 
Isle of Wight, Gatton, Croydon, Reigate, Famham, Bletchingley, 
Godalming, Lewes, Brighthelm stone, Midhurst, Horsham, Battle, 
and Petworth. For a ship of 400 tons with 160 men, to be ready 
at Portsmouth on the 15th March next. [Lat. = 10 pp."] 

17. The like to the Mayor, Commonalty, and Citizens of London. 
For a ship of 500 tons with 200 men, to be ready at Portsmouth on 
15th March next. \_Lat. = 2 pp.} 

Petition of James Earl of Carlisle to the King. By letters patent 
of the 2nd July in the 3rd year of your reign, your Majesty 
granted to the late Earl of Carhsle, petitioner's father, the Island of 
St. Christopher, with powers for the government of the plantation 
there. Ever since, that and all the other islands so granted have 
been quietly governed, and no causes there arising have been ques- 
tioned in any of the courts at Westminster, but your Commissioners 
for Foreign Plantations have heard all complaints. But now Fitz- 
william Gonisby is sued in the King's Bench by Francis Blount, as 
administrator to Herbert Blount, for goods that the said Herbert, 
by deed of 7th July 1634, gave to the said Conisby. In respect 
that the Lord Chief Justice cannot take any notice of the determi- 
nation of the said cause in the said island, petitioner prays a 
reference to the Commissioners for Foreign Plantations to settle some 
fit course in this and all similar causes, and that in the meantime 
the cause may be stayed from trial. [See Vol. cccxxiii., p. 333. 1 p.] 
Underwritten, 

Whitehall, Uh November 1638. [Ihid., 



Nov. 5. 
Westminster. 



I. Reference as prayed, 
p. 334. 



iP-1 



18. Sir Edward Wardour, Thomas Baldwin, Peter Heywood, and 
Henry Lide, Justices of Peace for Westminster, to the Council. 
Certify that in obedience to letters of the 17th October con- 
cerning enhancing the price of sea coals to higher rates than is 
limited, which is l7s. the chaldron in summer, and 19s. in winter, 
they have called the wharfingers and others before them, and find 
the merchant, the engrosser, and retailer all to be faulty. The 
merchant sells to the engrosser his whole ship-load at 191. the 
score, but makes his underhand bargain that he shall give him 
40s. more in every score for his good will in letting him have 
them for his money. The engrosser must have some gains for his 



DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 89 



jggg Vol. CCCCI. 

pains and charges, and the retailer, either by measure or price, 
must also make a benefit. For present remedy we hay^e strictly 
charged them to be more moderate in their prices, and that for 
their own good, lest the trade be taken out of their hands, besides 
the punishment which will be inflicted upon such as shall be 
offenders. [1 p.] Endorsed, 

18. I. The Lords refer it to the justices who made the above certi- 
Jicate to cause some further examination to be tahen 
concerning the persons in that certificate supposed to be 
guilty, and if they find the same proved, they are to 
certify the examinations to the Board, Inner Star 
Chamber, 7th November 1638. [J p.'\ 

Nov. 5. 19. Francis Lord Cottington. to Sec. Windebank. The enclosed 

paper was found yesterday in Lincoln's Inn by a discreet officer of 
the Court of Wards, who gave it to the attorney of that court, and 
he brought ifc to me. By some of the orthography, the style, and 
the substance, I guess it to be from some Scottish man, and howso- 
ever altogether it is foolish and very contemptible, yet am I of 
opinion that you should show it his Majesty. I am now so well 
again as I shall be able to go to work. \_\ p.'\ Enclosed, 

] 9. I. D. D. to his cousin John Hastings, Madrid. To be sealed 
and sent in Mr. Withering's packet. Since the last un- 
fortunate parliament the kingdom has languished by 
Tneans of ravenous projectors. His Majesty has been 
very temperate in his person, and most indulgent of his 
profit. The Archbishop, who is most in favour, very 
painful, and has much subdued the puritan faction upon 
a sudden, not without some oppression,, which is tolerable 
in state for public example. Feiu of our nobility dare 
open their mouths ; an impudent projector is in more 
esteem than any of them. The Council are for the most 
part novi homines, cond the principal supporters of those 
wasps. There is a Spanish faction aynong them, and 
such as are acquainted with the Florentine. The ancient 
happy government by parliament is altogether despised, 
and urged to make against the King's advantage ; indeed 
it makes against those that urge it. It is the exchange 
where all the kingdom's grievances meet, and if but fre- 
quently assembled, though they did little, would be a 
sovereign remedy for all enormities ; schismatieal bishops, 
corrupt judges, profuse officers, oppression, exacting, pro- 
jecting, monopolising, and the like, tuould be easily found 
and amended. In the general current of our history the 
state of England has succeeded well when the hearts of 
the King and subjects have accorded, and the contrary 
when they have not. Examples quoted in proof of this 
from the time of Hardicanute downwards. " / have had 
soma occasions lately into most parts of England, and 



90 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



jggg Vol. CCCCI. 

cannot meet threetogether hut two of them, exclai/m bitterly 
against the governm,ent, as ready to enterta/in the Turk or 
any other as the present, if there were any offer ; nay 
some with bitter oaths professing mischief with Felton, 
from whose rage God bless his Majesty, who cannot choose 
but know these things ; but the misfortune of princes hath 
ever been to have more flatterers than honest men near 
them, which hath cost them dear. .... Sure you shall 
hear great news shortly. You may expect me without 
fail about the time mentioned in m,y last letters^ [2 J pp^ 

Nov. 5. 20. Dr. Thomas lies to Sec. Windebank. That calumnies should be 

Christ Church, raised upon young folks in Oxford is not strange ; we that are old 

[Oxford], pg^^ hardly escape thenj. But that any should be so impudent as 
to carry them to you makes me wonder very much. In Oxford, if 
a young man and a maid meet by chance at a friend's house, within 
a day or two they shall be contracted, if not married, and beyond 
that Eoman who was so fruitful that he had a child within three 
months, a strong report here will make them within one month 
have a child or two. The slanderous report raised of late upon 
your son and my daughter has no other grounds. I cannot find 
that ever they saw one another till within this half year, and that 
was by chance at a friend's house. Your son, I suppose, has already 
given satisfaction to you, and my daughter has cleared herself suffi- 
ciently to me, and now I beseech you to make him that first reported 
this to you to bring forth his author, and so drive it to the first 
head, who by your power might be made to repair their credits and 
reputation, whom he has so foully stained. []' ^.] 

Nov. 5. 21. Sir John Pennington to Nicholas. Thanks for yours of 

The Downs. 28th October. We have had no letters out of Flanders these four- 
teen days, but we have got fair weather again, so we expect them 
this day. Here has been a great deal of mischief done by the late 
foul weather, both in masts, yards, cables, anchors, and boats, besides 
the loss of many small vessels, with men and all. My cabinet has 
come safe. I hope I shall get some good tobacco and other things 
for you shortly, when ships come home ; in the meantime command 
me. [_8eal with arms. ] p^ 

Nov. 5. 22. Certificate of Sir John Mychell, one of the Masters in Chan- 
cery, that John "Wray, of Glentworth, co. Lincoln, had that day 
taken the oath of allegiance. [^ p^ 

Nov. 6. 23. Petition of Walter Winchcombe to Archbishop Laud. Peti- 
tioner being a man illiterate, and not knowing the crime of incest, 
did carnally know Mary Ricketts, his wife's sister's daughter, since 
which he has commuted in the Court of Audience and paid 10^., and 
since that has been questioned in the Marches [Arches] Court, and 
for the same ofience has paid 20?. fine and suffered imprisonment, 
and notwithstanding is now questioned in the High Commission, 



DOMESTIC}— CHARLES I. 91 



1638. ^o^- CCCCI. 

because petitioner being ignorant, commuted as for adultery. Prays 
dismissal from further trouble. [1 p.] Endorsed, 

23. I. Ileference to Sir John Lamhe to consider the petition and 
give the archbishop an account before he do anything 
therein. November 6th, 1638. [3 lines.] 

Nov. 6. 24. Lord Treasurer Juxon and Francis Lord Cottington to Sir 
Eobert Pye, Auditor of the Keceipt, the Tellers, aind other officers of 
the Exchequer. His Ma-jesty by Privy Seal of this date has com- 
manded to be paid unto " Messire Luc de Fabroni, Knt. and Viscount 
Dompmart," lOOl. by the day for the expenses of the Queen-Mother 
of France, to commence from the 4th inst. Forasmuch as there is 
required 3,000?. for making present provisions for the said Queen 
Mother, we pray you to pay to the said Luc de Fabroni 3,O0OZ. 
by way of advance upon the said 100?. by the day. [ Underwritten 
a memorandum of Sir Robert Pye of the payment of the 3,000?., 
and of the way in which it was m,ade up by the several tellers. 
Ip.] 

Nov. 7. 25. Henry Lide and Peter Heywood, Justices of Peace for West- 
minster, to the Council. Certify that Thomas Strode, of Westerham, 
Kent, had that day taken the oath of allegiance. [^ p.] 

Nov. 7. 26. Certificate of Matthew Francis, Justice of Peace for "West- 
minster, that Sir Francis Drake with John Trelawny and William 
Morgan, his attendants, had that day taken the oath of allegiance. 
[Seal with arms. %p.] 

Nov. 7. Grant declaring his Majesty's pleasure that there shall be a High 
Steward and Under Steward of Burgeveny [Abergavenny], with a 
court leet and court of record for actions under 40s., and his Majesty 
incorporates divers of the inhabitants by the name of bailifi" and 
burgesses. \_Bocquet.'] 

Nov. 7. 27. Lawrence Whitaker, George Long, and others, Justices of Peace 
for Middlesex, to the Council. Report under an order of reference 
of I7th October last, respecting the immoderate price of sea coals. 
First, notwithstanding the provision lately made for selling sea 
coals from the ships at 17s. or 18s. tbe chaldron, such as bring the 
coals from Newcastle take liberty to themselves to sell out of their 
ships at what prices they please, which liberty is one of tbe principal 
causes of the general enhancing of the price. Secondly, the whar- 
fingers and woodmongers pretend that their charges, viz., for metage, 
lighterage, wharfage, and carriage, stand them in 2s. the chaldron, but 
that charge we find to be borne by the allowance of the over-measure 
from the merchant. Thirdly, the wharfingers and others, albeit 
they make their provision in summer at the cheapest rates, yet when 
the merchants bring in new quantities of coals, or fail to bring 
in the same, as by reason of contrary winds has fallen out these 
14 weeks past, the retailers sell their coals according to the last 
prices in times of scarcity'. Fourthly, the carmen of the city 



92 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



.,„„ Vol, cocci. 

J 638. 

challenge to themselves the sole loading and portage of coals landed 

■within the city, whereby the prices are much enhanced. Fifthly, 

the chandlers and other retailers allege that they sell their coals 

only by the peck to the poor sort of householders, and that the 

money they receive is in farthing tokens, whereby they lose \2d. in 

every 20s. for exchange. Lastly, we conceive that if the coals brought 

in be put into a few magazines it will be a means to endear the price. 

[2 pix] 

Nov. 8. 28. Sec. Windebank to the Clerk of the Signet. To prepare a 
Whitehall, bill for granting to William Barclay the office of purveyor of wax 

for the Great Seal during his life, with the fee of 360?. per annum ; 

also the [office] of chafer of wax, with the fee of 2|d. by the [day], 

to take effect after the death of Eobert Thorneton, who now holds 

the said offices. [| p."] 

Nov. 8. 29. Dr. Thomas Rives to Sec. Windebank. Certifies the state of 
Polhill's cause. By virtue of his Majesty's commission of reprisal, 
dated 8th November 1C37, Polhillhas taken a ship of the Hollanders 
called the Golden Wolf In that commission the Judge of the 
Admiralty is required to judge that the ship and goods belong to 
the States of Holland or their subjects. Adjudication was prayed 
by Polhill, but on the 3rd inst. an allegation was offered on the part of 
the Dutch, wherein it is stated that justice was never denied by the 
States to Polhill, and that Polhill's loss did not amount to 30,000Z., 
with other points which draw his Majesty's commission into question. 
If the judge should admit these allegations, or any other matter 
preceding the commission, this could not be done without dishonour 
to his Majesty's commission. Moreover, if any allegation should be 
admitted, no appeal would lie, because no appeal lies but from a 
definitive sentence. What the judge will do is to me unknown ; my 
hope is that he will have that respect to his Majesty's honour that 
is fitting, and the rather if he be put in mind by you before the 
hearing, which will be to-morrow morning. \^Seal ^vitli arms. 1 p.] 

Nov. 8. 30. Sir John Pennington to the same. I am informed by Capt. 

The St. Andrew, Perceval that you have procured me a privy seal for repairing my 

in t e owns, ^^g^jg [Sandown], which I hold under his Majesty. I return you 

my thanks, and shall be ready to express it in a more hearty way 

when in my power. [1 ^.] 

Nov. 8. 31. Thomas Smith to [Sir John Pennington]. I thank you for 
Queen Street, letters, and particularly for that of the 3rd, wherein you tax me for 
employing Mr. White. The business is for a friend of mine, who 
shall pay White whatsoever he shall disburse, if the materials may 
be provided without inconvenience, but if there be the least incon- 
venience in it, I desire it may be let alone. I have hastened the 
sending away your gunner's and surgeon's necessaries, and a letter 
from M]-. Taylor. My poor Lord [Northumberland] is much afflicted 
with the rumiing gout, but this day the pain is much mitigated. 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 93 



1638. 



Vol. cocci. 



Nov. 8. 32. Petition of William Huddleston, of Great Haseley, co. Oxford, 
tailor, to Archbishop Laud. Oa Sunday, the 30th September last, 
petitioner having received the Holy Communion in his parish church, 
and going forth of the chancel door, petitioner was arrested by one 
Caterer, a bailiff", at the suit of Luke Tayler of the same parish, 
grazier, and Caterer and Tayler most inhumanly abused petitioner, 
throwing him down and lying with all their force upon him, and 
Tayler beiug reproved by some of the parishioners for so arresting 
him at that time and place, made answer, the better day the better 
deed. They kept petitioner a prisoner in the church till evening 
pra3'er time, without meat or drink, and would not release him until 
he had given bond to their content. Tayler being a man of great 
estate, and petitioner a very poor man, he desires that Tayler and 
Caterer may be called to answer in the High Commission Court ex 
officio mero. [| p-l Underwritten, 

32. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to consider the petition, and 
if he finds the suggestions true, to award an attachment 
for the parties complained of, to answer in the High Com- 
mission Court. 1638, JS^ov. 8. \_i p.^ 

Nov. 8. 33. Extract from the Book of Acts of the High Commission of 
the sentence given in that court in a cause against Sir Thomas Sack- 
ville, of Bibury, co Gloucester. The principal charge against the 
defendant was that, in building his new house in Eiburjr, he had 
encroached upon the churchyard. The answer was that he had 
procured a faculty for what he had done, subject to the conditions 
of adding in another place as much land as he had appropriated, 
conveying the same to the church, and procuring it to be consecrated. 
It further appeared that the land given by Sir Thomas in exchange 
was of equal or greater extent than that taken, but that the same 
had not been duly conveyed, nor was it consecrated. As to the 
consecration, it was allowed that it needed not, the ground given 
being but a small portion laid to a far larger consecrated place. 
Other charges having failed in proof or being deemed unimportant, 
the court required Sir Thomas to make such assurance of the land 
given by him in compensation as counsel should advise, and there- 
upon discharged him from further attendance. [5^ pp.'] 

Nov. 9. Petition of Charles Murray, his Majesty's servant, to the Kino-. 
Matthew Thimbleby, long since deceased, was at his death seized 
in fee of divers lands, part held by knight's service in capite, but in 
the office after his death, which was in the 4th of Edward VI., the 
finding of that tenure was omitted, to the prejudice of his then 
Majesty. Of late time, upon a writ of melius inquire7idum the 
tenure is found out, whereby your Majesty is entitled to the mean 
rates of the lands for not suing livery by the heir, one third part of 
which mean rates is by decree of the Court of Wards to be paid to 
your Majesty's use, and the other two parts to be allowed to the 
prosecutor of the suit, one John Meredith, according to the custom 
of the court. The purchasers of the lands, who are many aud of 



94 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCl. 



good ability, have since the proving of the tenure put in a plea to 
debar both your Majesty and the prosecutor of such benefit as should 
redound therebj^, upon pretence that the said mean rates are pardoned 
by several pardons of Queen Elizabeth and by that of 21st James I. 
Unless the business be carefully followed, not only that benefit tliat 
might arise to your Majesty in present, by reason of the said dis- 
covery, will be lost, but your Majesty may be much damnified for 
the future, in regard the judgment thereof will be a leading case, 
and if it should go against your Majesty would be a precedent in 
bar of mean rates that may arise upon other lands in like case. 
Petitioner prays a grant of the benefits of his Majesty's third part 
of the mean rates, and he will at his own charge follow the business 
and bring it to the best issue that may be. [Copy. See Vol. cccxxiii., 
p. 334. I p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to Francis Lord Oottington, to certify Ms opinion, 
whereupon his Majesty will signify his further pleasure. 
Whitehall, 9th November 1638. [Copy. Ibid., p. 335. 

Nov. 9. Copy of the said petition and reference. [See Vol. cccciii., p. 3. 
I p."] Underwritten, 

I. Report of Lord Oottington that the petitioner's request is not 

unfit to be granted. 15th Ifovember 16S8, [Copy. Ibid. 

II. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure to grant petitioner his desire, 

and the Attorney-General is to prepare a bill. Whitehall^ 
3rd December 1638. [Copy. Ibid. | p.] 

Nov. 9. 34. Petition of Richard Goodwin to the Council. Petitioner 

being a young scholar and in want, for his relief unadvisedly at- 
tempted unlicensed to pass over into Holland, there to live awhile 
with a gentleman of his own name ; but being stayed by the searchers 
at Gravesend and returned to London, he remains in custody of a 
messenger. Beseeches the Lords to take him into their pitiful con- 
sideration, as having had no ill intent, either to church or common- 
wealth, in his intended journey, but being fatherless and unable to 
subsist in that poor estate he was, and being emulous of learning, 
he embraced a profier to go to the gentleman before-mentioned and 
to read to and write for him, he being weak and sickly, for which 
petitioner was promised lOl. a year, his diet, chamber, and the use 
of the other's books. Prays pardon and discharge, restoration of 
his trunk, and licence to go forward in his journey. [1 p.] En- 
dorsed, 

34. I. Order for petitioner to attend Sec. Windebank, who is to 
give order as he shall think good. Inner Star Chamber, 
9th November ] 638. [I p.] 

Nov. 9. 35. Sheet of paper prepared for receipt of Luc Vicomte de Fabroni 
for l.OOOZ., paid to him under the warrant of the 6th inst. (see No, 24.) 
[Incomplete. ^ p."] 



DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 95 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCI. 



.[Nov. '9.] 36. List of comities and corporations in England and Wales, pre- 
pared for calculation of the reduction of the sums to be assessed 
upon the counties for ship-money in writs issued this day. The 
counties were thrown into groups, each group, instead of as 
before in most cases each county, being called upon to supply a ship 
or ships. [9 pp-l 

Nov. 9. 37. Rough list prepared by Nicholas of all the corporate towns in 

England and Wales, with a tabular statement of the sum at which 
they had been previously assessed to the ship-money, one third of that 
amount, and the sum at which each was to be assessed in the forth- 
coming writs. [4 pp.] 

Nov. 9. 38. Fair copy of the list last calendared, with the particular sum 
assessed upon each town in the ship-money writs issued this day. 
[_9pp.] 

Nov. 9. 39. The Council to Francis Earl of Cumberland, Sheriff of West- 
morland. Instructions for the execution of the writ for ship-money 
sent to the Earl, conjointly with similar writs sent to the sheriffs of 
Cumberland, Northumberland, and Durham. These four counties 
were to raise 2,000^, whereof Westmorland was to furnish 300^.., 
Cumberland 300Z., Northumberland 700^., and Durham, with the 
coal mines and Gateside [Gateshead], 700/. l_Copy. 9f ppJ] 

Nov. 9. 40. Rough draft of the same by Nicholas. [2 pp."] 

Nov. 9. 41. The like rough draft of similar letter of the Council to the 
Sheriff of Rutland, which co. was assessed with cos. Lincoln and 
Leicester to furnish 4,900?., whereof co. Rutland was to bear 350?., 
CO. Lincoln 2,900?., and co. Leicester 1,650?. [If p.j 

Nov. 9. 42. The like rough draft of similar letter to the Sheriff of co. 
Buckingham, which was assessed with cos. Oxford, Berks, and 
Bedford to bear 5,500?., of which co. Buckingham was to bear 
1,650?., Berks 1,450?., Oxon 1,300?., Bedford 1,100?. [4^ pp.] 

Nov. 9. 43. Another form of the same letter, intended apparently to have 
been used on this occasion, but left without the blanks having been 
filled up. [13^1?^.] 

Nov. 9. 44. Copy of similar letter to the Sheriff of Berks, for levy of the 
1,450?. mentioned in the last article but one. [10 pp.] 

Nov. 9. The like rough draft of similar letter to the Mayor and Sheriffs of 
Bristol, assessed with cos. Dorset and Somerset to levy 4,800?., 
whereof the city and county of the city of Bristol were to bear 250?., 
Dorset 1,750?., and Somerset 2,800?. [Begins on the back of the 
last page of the article No. 42 of this Vol. 1 1 p.] 

, Nov.. 9... - 45. Full copy of the same.. [6| pp.J 



96 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. VOL.CCCCL ' 

Nov. 9. 46. The Council to the Sheriff of co. Cambridge, assessed with cos. 
Huntingdon and Northampton to levy 4,200i., whereof co. Cam- 
bridge to bear 1,300Z., Huntingdon 750Z., and Northampton 2,1 50Z. 

Nov. 9. 47. The same to the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs of London, Similar 
letter for levy of 5,500Z. [5| ppl] 

Nov. 9. 48. The same to the Sheriff of Middlesex, assessed with co. Hert- 
Whitehaii. ford to levy 3,300^., whereof Middlesex to bear 1,800/!. including 

350L to be assessed on Westminster, and co. Hertford l,500i. 

ICopy. 18^ pp.] 

Nov. 9. 49. Order of the Court of Exchequer. The court was informed, 
on the motion of Mr. Lenthall, that a fine of 501. was on the 21st 
June 1632 imposed by the High Commissioners on Ralph Grafton, 
of St. Michael, Cornhill, upholsterer, and was certified to this court, 
whereupon process was awarded and the said Grafton committed to 
the Fleet, where he long remained a prisoner. On the 14th June 
last, on Mr. Lenthall's motion, it was ordered that Grafton, putting 
in security to render his body again to the Fleet on the morrow of 
St. Martin, should be at liberty in the meantime. Now in respect 
of the infirmity of the said Grafton, and his urgent occasions, a 
similar order is made for his being at liberty until the Octave of 
the Purification in next Hilary term. [3| pp.^ 

Nov. 10. Petition of George Hooker to the King. Petitioner was deputy 
receiver to the late Queen Anne, your Majesty's mother, under the 
Earl of Totness, for many years. After her decease. King James, in 
consideration of his faithful service, bestowed upon him during life 
a pension of iOOl. per annum. But petitioner, by reason of long 
sickness, not being able himself to solicit for payment of his pension 
nor for other moneys due to him, there is now in arrear of the 
pension 1,800^., as also 1,600?. laid out by petitioner about your 
Majesty's park, garden, and walks at Nonsuch. Petitioner being 
very old and infirm, much decayed in his estate, and greatly indebted, 
beseeches your Majesty to give order for payment of the moneys 
due to him as aforesaid. [_Copy. Vol. cccxxiii., p. 335. |- p.] 
Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Lord Treasurer, who is to take petitioner into 
consideration, and give him, satisfaction as soon as his 
Majesty's more pressing affairs will permit him. White- 
hall, 10th November ']6S8. [Copy. Ibid., p. 3S6. ^ p.] 

^ov. 10. 60. Bishop Morton, of Durham, and Sir John Fenwick to the 
Council. By order of 27th June last, you required us to call all 
parties before us touching a damage of 94?. 15s. supposed to be done 
by Robert Anderson to the master and owners of the Margaret, of 
Yarmouth, by the sale of 75 chaldrons of unmerchantable sea coals, 
and return certificate by this day. The said Anderson showed us 
the said order, but it pleased God to visit Sir John Fenwick with a 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



97 



1638. 



Nov. 10. 

London. 



Nov. 10. 
From my 
lodging. 



Nov. ] 0. 
Exeter Palace. 



Vol. CCCCI. 

long and dangerous sickness, and yet not perfectly recovered, so that 
we could not meet to execute the said order within the time limited. 
[Ip.] 

51. Sir Thomas "Walsingham, Vice-Admiral of Kent, to Nicholas. 
In obedience to letter of the 9th of June last, be pleased from me 
to certify that I have accounted and have paid in all the money to 
the Admiralty OflBce which I have received since the death of the 
last Lord Admiral until October 1637, since which time until 
April last I have nothing to account for. Mr. Wyan, the registrar, 
knoweth this to be true. [1 pj] 

52. John Weston to Sir John Lambe. My low and dangerous 
condition has not only hindered me waiting on you, but also pre- 
vented my attendance on my church and parish, but I have now 
obtained some liberty, and shall perform all double diligence in my 
place, only my request is that you would pass by these stays occa- 
sioned through ray deep extremities. There is one Jones has got a 
sequestration on ray tithes for 160?. I am raost unjustly dealt with 
by him. I owe him not half the moneys he claims. I beseech you 
to stay payment till it appear before the Lord Privy Seal what I 
owe him, in whose court he is to give an account. Mr. Willett I 
owe not a penny for serving of my cure ; he was employed by 
Mr. Walker, my curate, who says he has fully satisfied him. I am 
indebted to St. Paul's church three year's' pay, which is Ql. ; I beseech 
you let that be paid in the first place. [1 ^.] 

53. Bishop Hall, of Exeter, to Archbishop Laud. Gives an account 
of a lamentable accident which happened in the church of Withy- 
combe, on Sunday, October 21st last. The people wei-e assembled for 
evening prayer, and were singing the psalm in the midst of divine 
service, when there brake out a thunder-clap and lightning which 
entered the chui'ch "like the fire and wind that come out of the 
mouth of a discharged cannon, which bears down before it those 
that are within the air of it. This blow of lightning killed three 
outright." Mr. Hill, sitting above in the church, next to the wall, 
had his head divided in the midst. Instantly it flew to the other 
side, and killed one that sate quite opposite, and grazed upon the 
wall close by him. One it killed in the way. Besides which three, 
none were slain. At the same instant it struck down a pinnacle of the 
steeple, and beat it down into the church, and shattered the church, 
so as both stones and timber (good store) fell down among the people. 
There were many hurt, some 18 as they guessed dangerously, and of 
those which were scorched and (as it were) blasted with the light- 
ning, they supposed there were fourscore. The minister either feU 
or was stricken down as the rest were, in his pew. A kinswoman 
of his, who sat in a seat not far from his, was pitifully scorched ; her 
gown, two waistcoats, and her other garments burnt upon her back. 
There were no less than 300 people in the church. There were 
divers strange circumstances (especially in the fall of the pinnacle 
and other stones and timber) which you may be pleased to receive 



13. 



G 



98 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Nov. 10. 

Whitehall. 



Nov. 10. 



Nov. 10. 

Nov. 10. 
Nov. 10. 



Nov. 11. 

Whitehall. 



Vol. CCCCI. 

from the relation of Mr. Dove, brother-in-law to my Lord of Ely, 
who was lately an eye-witness thereof. [Seal with arms. 2§ pp."] 

Henry Earl of Holland to the Verderors, Foresters, and Eegarders 
of the forest of Rockingham, co. Northampton. Suit has been made 
by Sir Christopher Hatton to grant him licence for feUing a grove 
or coppice of his, known as Hassell's Coppice, in Corby Woods and 
walk within the forest of Rockingham. You are to certify how 
many acres the said coppice contains, and whether the same may 
be felled this year, without destruction of the vert or prejudice to 
his Majesty's game. [Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. S2. § p.] 

54. Account of the way in which 3,000?. to be paid this day for 
drainage works is to be proportioned upon 18 shares, at the rate of 
166?. 13s. id. per share. Earl of Lindsey, 6661. 13s. M ; Earl of 
Dorset, 333Z. 6s. 8d.; Lord Willoughby, 383?. 6s. Sd.; Peregrine 
Bertie, 166?. 13s. id. ; Sir Edward Heron, 333?. 6s. 8c?. ; Sir William 
KiUigrew, 833?. 6s. 8c?.; Sir Thomas Stafford, 166?. 13s. 4c?.; Sir 
Francis Godolphin, 166?. 13s. 4<d. [| p.'] 

55. Receipt of Michael Tarleton, servant to Philip Mainwaring, 
sheriff of co. Chester, for a letter addressed to his master by the 
Council, sent with the writ for ship-money. [| p.] 

56. Account by Sir William Russell of sbip-money for 1637. 
Total received, 150,411?. 12s. lie?. ; unpaid, 46,002?. 14s. 9d. [1 p.] 

57. Account of ship-money for 1637, levied and in the hands ot 
the sheriffs. Total 4,400?., which, with the sum received by Sir 
William Russell, makes 154,811?. collected. [1 p.] 

58. Order of the King in Council. Upon information against 
George Walker, clerk, wherein he was charged to have delivered in 
a sermon preached the 4th October last, things tending to faction 
and disobedience to authority, and upon hearing Walker's answer, 
and perusal of such passages in the said sermon as were found in 
writing under his own hand, it was ordered that Walker should be 
committed close prisoner to a messenger's custody, and that the 
Attorney-General and Solicitor-General should cause such proceeding 
to be had against Walker as they should find cause. And whereas 
the clerk of the Council had, by warrant from the Board, seized 
other writings containing notes of sermons prqiached at other times 
by this Walker, it was ordered that the perusal of them should be 
recommended to the Dean of St. Paul's, Dr. Mumford, and Dr. King. 
Lastly, his Majesty signified that Archbishop Laud should cause 
Walker to be suspended from his ministerial function, and should 
nominate another person to discharge the cure, with allowance out 
of the profits of the parsonage. [1 J p.] Underwritten, 

58. I. Archbishop Laud to Sir John Lambe. You are to take 
order for the suspension of Oeorge Walker, clerk, tam ab 
officio quam beneficio, and appoint some able person to 
discharge this cure, and proportion him, such allowance 
as you shall think fitting. November 19?^, 1638. [|- p^ 



DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 



99 



1638. 
Nov. 11. 

WUtehaU. 



Vol. CCCCI. 

59. Resolutions of the Committee of Council of War. It is very 
requisite that before any levies of men be made for an army some 
course may be taken for taking off all such projects as yield his 
Majesty no considerable profit and are grievous to his subjects, as 
particularly concerning cottagers, fines of sheriffs who sell offices, 
sole exportation of butter, sealing of reels, imposition on iron, taking 
bonds concerning venison and partridges, sealing butter casks, sealing 
buttons, licensing coaches, bricks, hats, baronets of Nova Scotia, 
sealing linen and bone lace, of all which the Lords resolved to speak 
with the King for better preparing the hearts and affections of his 
Majesty's subjects to serve his Majesty in a business of so great 
importance. {Draft, f ^.] 

Nov. 1 1 . Copy of the above. [See Vol. cccxcv., p. 49. 1 p.] 



Nov. 11. 

Bishop 
Auckland. 



60. Bishop Morton, of Durham, to Sir Henry Vane, Comptroller 
of the Household. Foresight of your much employment in these 
busy times has caused me to be silent a long time, as loath to im- 
portune you unseasonably in behalf of our people, surcharged with 
payments for his Majesty's carriages. The outcries of those who 
hitherto want their payment will not suffer me longer to be silent, 
but earnestly to beseech you to commiserate their case. The North 
Riding of Yorkshire, after their own promises, many orders from the 
Council, and some collection made in Richmondshire, still forbear, 
and have indeed denied to perform any assistance unto us, so that I 
can conceive no hope of relief of this poor county except the jus- 
tices of the said riding may be more absolutely commanded to sub- 
mit themselves to a proportionable payment; or, because, the 
exception taken by them is that any such burden should be singly 
put upon them of that riding, therefore the Council will be pleased 
to order the other two ridings to join in contribution, the rather for 
that they can pretend that they were specially at charges for his 
Majjesty's carriages to the manor at York ; or, lastly, that his 
Majesty would provide them a relief by some other means. [Seal 
with arms. 1 ^.] 

61. Francis Turner to [Sir John Lambe]. The repairs of Oadby 
chancel were at a stay for want of proper lathes, not procurable at 
Leicester. The sickness of Leicester. Reports on various matters 
relating to change of tenants, sale of stock, and other business con- 
nected with the management of Sir John's property in that place. 
Disorders in the waste or open fields, which require a court for their 
settlement. [ 1 i^ P-] 

Receipt of William Lyngwood for a letter from the Council, 
directed to Sir WilHam Wiseman, sheriff of Essex, sent with the 
writ for ship-money. [See No. 55 of this Volume. 4 lines.'] 

Nov. 12. 62. Dr. Peter Turner to Archbishop Laud. Reports the contents of 
Merton College, various entries on the old register of Merton College, especially of 
rn^ft^,.^ 1 jg^^g^g Qf Archbishop Parker, evidencing the authority -wrhicU he 
exercised as visitor , of thfr college, all . which are submitted to the 

G 2 



Nov 11. 

Oadby. 



Nov. 11. 



([Oxford.] 



100 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCCI, 

archbishop with the writer's view of their application to the questions 
arising out of his recent visitation. [1^ p.] 

Nov. 12. 63. Edward Nicholas to [Sec. Windebank ?]. I send you a col- 
Westminster, lection of the resolutions of the committee [of the Council of War] 
from the time that I attended the same, and likewise the proportion 
of munition for Newcastle ; that for Hull is with Mr. Comptroller. 
There were directions given to the Master of the Ordnance to order 
Capt. Legge to view the castle of Holy Island, and to certify the state 
thereof!, which certificate is not yet returned. I also send you an 
estimate from the Officers of the Ordnaaice of the charge of arms 
wanting for completing 12,000 foot and 400 horse. After this day 
I shall be out of physic and ready to attend you. [1 p.J 

Nov. 12. 04. John Windebank to his father, Sec. Windebank. The secre- 

New College, tary's letters have deeply affected him, and he pledges himself to 

Oxford. p^y £^ttejition to the kind and fatherly counsel which they contain. 

Nov. 12. 63. Funeral certificate by William Ryley, Bluemantle, of Sir John 
Lawrence, of Chelsea, Middlesex, and of Delaford, in Iver, Bucks, 
who died this day, and was buried in a chapel appropriated to his 
family in Chelsea church. He married Grissell, daughter and one 
of the co-heirs of Jervas Gibbons, of Benenden, Kent, and left issue 
at his death three sons : — 1 , John ; 2, Robert ; 3, Henry ; and three 
daughters : — 1, Anne ; 2, Frances ; 3, Grissell. l_I>raft. | p.'] 

Nov. 12. 66. Richard Plummer to [Sir John Lambe]. Reports progress 
Evington. made in plotting forth Sir John's land at Oadby. The freeholders, 
except Smalley and West, are all willing. The rest will take three 
acres for a yard land, and will keep that enclosed all the year. 
Wishes to know if Sir John concurs in that arrangement. If so, 
when it is all set out he will send Sir John a map of their plot. 
Mr. Rolfe is arrested and taken to Warwick gaol. [1 p.] 

Nov. 13. 67. William Cox to [Sir John Lambe ?]. Mr. Hulse, minister of 
Harborough. Great Bowden, received a letter last week from a student in Christ 
Church, in Oxford, who lately spoke with the dean of that house 
concerning the churchyards and Easter ofierings of St. Mary's and 
Great Bowden, which Mr. Jackson enjoys, and the dean certified him 
that all the three cures belonging to the impropriation of Great 
Bowden were augmented by himself and the canons, but as yet we 
have not received any more than our usual stipends, he 20Z. per annum, 
and myself 161. per annum, which makes us think that Mr. Jack- 
son has swallowed up our augmentation in the churchyards and 
Easter oflFerings. We beseech you to afford us your advice what we 
had best do. Of late Mr. Pentfloe and Mr. Jackson are grown very 
intimate, which makes us suspect that they conceal and Jackson 
enjoys that which should belong to us. [| p.] 

Nov. 13. 68. Petition of Elizabeth Staple, of St. Giles-in-the-Fields, to 
Archbishop Laud. Petitioner being fellow-servant in house with 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 101 



jggg Vol. CCCCI. 

George Harris, of St. Andrew's, Holborn, he contracted himself 
with petitioner in way of marriage, and afterwards, by his impor- 
tunity, petitioner being a weak young woman, yielded to his desires. 
Since which time Harris refuses to perform his promise, and hides 
himself in obscure places about London, and will be presently gone 
beyond sea, to the utter undoing of petitioner. Prays an attachment 
for apprehending Harris, and detaining him until he marry peti- 
tioner, or give bond to answer her in legal course. [^ p-^ Under- 
written, 

68. I. Reference to Sir John Lamhe to taJce order as he shall find 

fitting. Fovember 12th, 1638. [^ p.] 

Nov. 13. 69. Petition of William Brenton to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner 
was bound upon a voyage for the East Indies, and left his wife suffi- 
cient means to keep her in his absence, yet she has lewdly spent 
petitioner's whole estate, and has lived in adultery, having two 
children unlawfully born, the one by James Lee, the other by James 
Write. Petitioner desiring to be divorced, she, by the advice of her 
proctor, wages law with him to his utter undoing, having 2s. a week 
allowed her by the judge of the court, to be paid by petitioner, 
which he is nowise able to pay, she having consumed all his estate ; 
yet, for non-payment thereof, he is in danger of being excommunicate. 
Prays order that he may be divorced according to law. [| ^.] 
Underwritten, 

69. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to give the archbishop an 

account what he conceives of the suggestions. November 
13^^,1638. [i^,] 

Nov. 13. 70. Receipt of Henry Kyme and Nicholas Goldsborough, deputy 
clerks of the check, for 63 letters from the Council, sent with the 
writs for ship-money to sheriifs of England and Wales. [1 ^.] 

Nov. 13. 71. Answer of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London to his 
Majesty's letters touching the office of Garbler. Long before his 
Majesty's letters, the committee authorized by the city, granted to 
Roger Hatton, then present garbler, a new lease, to commence after 
the former, for 21 years. The city are tied to make good the said 
new lease. [Endorsed by Sec. Windebank, " Lord Mayor's answer 
to the desi/re of Mr. Smethwick." | p.] 

Nov. 14. Petition of William Abell, Alderman of London, and the rest of 
the Farmers of the 40s. per ton oif wines, to the King. Petitioners 
despatched many able vintners to the outports and inland towns, 
with letters of the Council recommending a conformity in all mer- 
chants and retailers of wines to the city of London in their trade, 
to which most of them have subu)itted and subscribed, as'well to the 
payment of the 40s. duty as otherwise. Pray for a proclamation that 



102 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. . ^°^- ^^^^^- 

merchants of the outports, before they deliver the -wines they sell, 
shall hereafter take the duty of 40s. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 1. 
i p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Attorney-General to prepare the proclamation 
prayed for if petitioners make it appear that the inlamd 
vintners have consented to a conformity with London. 
Whitehall, IMh November 16S8. [Copy. Ibid. ^ p.] 

Nov. 14. 72. Bri[an?] Crowther, late Sheriff of co. Eadnor, to the Council. 

Knighton. According to letter of the 31st October 1637, with the approbation 
of Evan Davies, former sheriff of the county, about June last I 
directed my warrant to Lewis Meredith, bailiff of Presteigne, for col- 
lecting 121. 8s. lOd. due by the said borough, being the residue of 
the ship-money remaining in the county unpaid by the former sheriff, 
which sum he could not collect by reason of the plague, which con- 
tinued there for two years together, and did not cease tiU about the 
latter end of April last. Since granting the said warrant I have 
divers times demanded receipt of the sum therein mentioned, which 
the bailiff nevertheless neglects, alleging the poverty of the in- 
habitants in respect of the long continuance of the said infection. 
[Seal with arms. 1 p^ 

Nov. 14. 73. Edward Earl of Dorset to Sec. Windebank. His Majesty is 
pleased, on Sunday next, to hear the business between Capt. Crispe 
and his adversaries, and that Sir Henry Marten have notice to 
attend also. [| p.] 

Nov. 14. 74. Petition of Thomas Warner, D.D., parson of Balsham, co. 
Cambridge, and the churchwardens and parishioners there, to Arch- 
bishop Laud. Robert Cockerton, of that parish, for four or five 
years past, has been divers times presented for crimes of ecclesiastical 
cognizance, and especially for his carriage in the church, disturbing 
divine service at such time as he was excommunicated. From some 
of these presentments he has appealed to the Arches, and cited the 
churchwardens, the cause depending there almost two years, and for 
some other like offeiices he is now questioned in the High Commis- 
sion Court. But Cockerton continues still in his contemptuous 
courses, inasmuch as the whole parish is much disturbed therewith, 
and notwithstanding he was published excommunicate, yet upon 
Sunday the 9th September, and also the 23rd, he came and sat down 
in the church just at the time of morning prayer, and though the 
minister and churchwardens desired him to go forth, yet he would 
not, but said he had the King's authority to go anywhere, and he 
would obey no excommunication, nor would absent himself, but 
continued talking lewdly and loudly in the church, railing at the 
churchwardens, and protesting that as he had done that day he 
would do every day, and so no service was said ; and he has divers 
times since continued such his disturbance. Petitioners desire an 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



103 



1638. 



Nov. .14. 

Westminster. 



Nov. 14. 

Queen Street. 



Vol. OCCCI. 

attachment against him ex officio for his appearance in the High 
Commission Court. [1 ^.] Endorsed, 

74. I. Reference to Sir John Lamhe to take order for an attach- 

ment ; " hut whether the husimess shall he followed ex 
o^axo or otherwise, I refer it to his consideration ; how- 
ever, I think the abuse not to he suffered. W. Cant." 
November lUh, 1638. [J p.] 

75. Edward Nicholas to Sir John Pennington. I wrote not to 
you last week, for that I was by an indisposition of health forced 
to take physic and to forbear writing. We have received sad news 
of the defeat of the Prince Palatine's army at their first entrance into 
action. The Palsgrave hardly escaped by swimming over a river ; 
his brother (Prince Eobert) is taken prisoner, and since dead of his 
many wounds, having fought very bravely, and (as the Gazette 
says) like a lion. Lord Graven and divers other principal com- 
manders are also made prisoners. Some say that Brissac is either 
relieved or the siege removed, but this I believe to be only a rumour 
raised by the popish party. Mr. Kirkham, Clerk of the Signet, is 
dead, and Mr. Warwick, the Lord Treasurer's secretary, yesterday 
sworn in his place. We hear of the loss of near 30 sail of Hollanders 
and other vessels in the TasseU [Texel ?] during the last great storm, 
amongst which there were two ships that had 2,000 chests of sugar, 
and others laden with pepper, and two or three which were richly 
laden and outward bound for the West Indies worth near 100,000?. 
Monday last Mr. Herbert Price was married to Mrs. Arren, one of 
the maids of honour, whom the King gave in marriage. The writs 
for the ship-money are most of them delivered, but there is a little 
more than a third part demanded of the sum formerly paid by the 
counties; I wish it may be well paid. It is said the affairs in 
Scotland are likely to have a quiet issue ; Wednesday next is the 
day of the Assembly's meeting in Scotland. My Lord Chamberlain 
has been sick, but is well recovered. The King has made an appoint- 
ment to go next week to Newmarket, but it is thought it will 
hardly hold. My Lord Admiral has relapsed into the gout, but is 
now pretty well recovered, though very weak in his feet. The 
Queen-Mother has an allowance from the King of 3,000L a month 
and the Duchess of Chevereux is allowed by the King 210J. a week, 
as I hear. \^Seal with arms. 2 pp."] 

76. Thomas Smith to the same. My Lord [the Earl of North- 
umberland] is so well recovered that he has the use of both his 
hands, and with this you see that of one of them ; yet he is not 
able to walk, the gout has so debilitated his nerves. Sir Jacob 
Astley has been with the King, and his patent is di-awing for the 
castles at Plymouth. The Scotch are as insolent as ever, and now 
we think how to curb them. Capt. Hall has been as high as 
Humber mouth, but a storm, wherein he was four days, has forced 
him into Harwich, whither we have sent to him to put the arms 
into some fit vessel and to send them to Hull, and himself to come 
in with the old leaky, rotten Adventure to Chatham. [1 jj.] 



104 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



,„„„ Vol. CCCCI. 

Nov. 14. 77. Separate examinations of Thomas Wetterall, of Westminster, 
lighterman ; Anthony Penistone ; Thomas West, of St. Martin's-in- 
the-Fields, woodmonger ; Henry Allen, of Southwark ; John Col- 
borne, of Eotherhithe, Surrey, mariner ; and Andrew Walker, taken 
before Peter Heywood and Henry Lide, justices of peace for West- 
minster, in conformity with the directions of the Council calendared 
under date of the 5th inst., No. 18. i. All the said persons exa- 
mined proved the purchase of sea-coals at the price of 211. a score, 
that is, 20 chaldrons, and were accordingly bound over to appear 
before the Council on the Wednesday then next. [ = 2 pp.^ 

Nov. 14. 78. Note by Thomas Panson, under-sheriff of co. Lancaster, con- 
cerning the remainder of the ship-moneys for that county. 60Z. 
remained in the hands of John Claiton, one of the high constables of 
the hundred of Blackburn, he having gone out of the county, and 
could not be gotten to his account. The corporation of Wigan was 
all behind ; the inhabitants had denied the payment, but now have 
given directions to one Pilkingtou, who is now in town, for payment. 
(Several whole townships were as yet all behind. In some cases 
their goods had been distrained and bonds taken for payment, in 
others their goods remained unsold. The sheriff' hoped to make a 
good account by next term. [1 p.'] 

Nov. 14. Sir Lewis Watson and Charles Cockayne, vergers of the bailiwicks 
of Eockingham and Brigstock in the forest of Rockingham, co. 
Northampton^ to Henry Earl of Holland. Certificate that Hassell's 
Coppice, belonging to Sir Christopher Hatton, might be felled this 
year without destri^ction of the vert or prejudice to the game. 
{Latin. . Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 35. f pl\ 



jggg Vol. CCCCII., November 15-30, 1638. 

Nov. 15. 1. Reginald Burdyn to Sir John Lambe. Reports various matters 
Leicester, connected with the proceedings and profits of Ecclesiastical Courts 
in the Archdeaconry of Leicester. He has begun a book for contri- 
butions to St. Paul's, whereto divers of the clergy have subscribed, 
but others have not yet done it. Prays Sir John to write a word or 
two to that purpose which"' ma^ be read at this next visitation. 
" Mr. Crofts on Sunday last did read prayers and preach at Foston 
without disturbance, and by my direction he hath insinuated with 
' young Carter's widow, and from her he hath gotten divers papers 
which were in her husband's study which may avail him much in 
that bu.siness. He stayeth here to gain what he can out of the 
woman, now that he hath her on a fair advantage, and intendeth to 
set forward on Monday next for London. Mr. Coker hath gotten Sir 
William [Faunt's] title for a friend of his, and doth intend to follow it 
against Mr. Crofts, but I suppose that he may be taken off." Smart 
and Hunt are willing to have Mr. Staresmore to be curate at 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 105 



jg38 Vol. CCCCII. 

Fleckney, upon your approbation, and are content to pay him 20 
marks per annum out of the impropriate tithes, only they stick at 
the house, which they claim as part of their purchase. My advice is 
that he do not at present meddle with the house at all, for it is 
litigious, and most ruinous. For him to turn tenant to them for 
the house upon any terms may be in prejudice of the church right. 
[3 pp.] 

Nov. 15. 2. Alexander Davison, mayor, and eight others of Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, to Thomas Eiddell, " at Mr. Scargell's over against the Sun 
Tavern in Holborn, near Chancery Lane end." Hope you have 
received our answer touching Sir Robert Heath's business and the 
ship-money. We have been at excessive charges in repairing our 
walls, gates, portcullises, and doing other things directed by the 
gentleman sent hither by Captain Legge ; the truth is, our daily 
charge is so great, the town in so much debt, and the revenues so 
small by occasion of the small trade of ships, that we run still 
further and further in debt. What charges we have been at already 
we are content to bear, but if we shall be put to any new charges 
neither the common purse nor our particulars are able to bear it. 
P.S. —The fall of the windows will cost us about 1,200/. [Seal with 
device. 1 p."] 

Nov. 15. 3. Extract from the Book of Acts of the Court of High Commis- 
sion respecting the sentence therein given against Theodore Morris, 
of Kefenheir, in the parish of Llanrhaiadr-jmmochnant, co. Denbigh. 
John Williams, being vicar of Llanrhaiadr, Theodore Morris, a 
parishioner, and Thomas Evans, curate of the said parish for nine 
years, on Midsummer Eve, 1635, Morris caused Evans to be arrested 
in the churchyard as he was coming from evening prayer, and then 
and there struck him two or three blows with a cudgel, and likewise 
struck the said curate's wife, beating her to the ground and breaking 
her head, and also struck the said John Williams. Morris was pro- 
nounced to have incurred the sentence of excommunication, was 
fined 2001. to the King, enjoined to make a public submission, con- 
demned in costs of suit, and committed to prison until he gave bond 
with sureties for performance of this order, [3 J pp.] 

Nov. 16. 4. Sir John Lenthall, Daniel Featlej, and John Jowles, Justices of 
Southwark. Peace for Surrey, to the Council. According to order of the 7th inst. 
we have taken farther examinations concerning enhancing the prices 
of sea coals, and those w;hom we conceive to be delinquents we have 
bound over to appear beforg you by recognizances which we present, 
together with their examinations. There are retailers of sea-coals 
by the peck and half bushel to the poor at 8d. per bushel, which 
comes to 24s. the chaldron, which we conceive to be a great abuse. 
[Seal iinth arms. 1 p-l Enclosed, 

4. 1. Separate examinations of William Bavin, of St. Olave's, South- 
wark, timberman, John Alsey, of St. Saviour's, South- 



106 DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCCn. 

warh, tanner, AnnGoge, of St. Saviowr's, widow, Henry 
Allen, of Bcmkside, woodmonger, also of Jonas Ja/mes, 
Roger Oalcott, and George Sawes. [3 pp-l 

4. II. Recognizances of William Bavin, George Howes, Ann Goge, 
Robert Jewell, and Thomas Broad i/n 1001. each, con- 
ditioned for their appearance before the Gouncil on 
Wednesday then next. 16 November 1638. [26 lA/nes on 
parchment^ 

Nov. 16. 5. Edward Nicholas to Dr. Young, Dean of Winchester. Observa- 
tion of your justice and goodness makes me confident of success in a 
suit to you on behalf of niy nephew, John Ryves, whose case is this : 
Francis Ryves, of Horsebridge, Hants, in March 1636, by his will 
having given to the heirs of the Humbers (his wife's kindred) all 
his land, he gave his lease of the farm of Horsebridge to his right 
heir, who is my said nephew, after the death of his wife, whom he 
made his sole executrix. Mrs. Ryves, widow of the said Francis, to 
frustrate my kinsman, labours to surrender the old lease, in which 
there are about 18 years to run, and to take a new from you and 
the chapter of Winchester, she being an old and sickly woman. My 
suit is, that she be not admitted to renew the lease. Some friends 
of Mrs. Ryves endeavour to get a command to you in his Majesty's- 
name. I am confident his Majesty, being truly informed, will not 
give any such order. If you shall receive any such signification of 
his Majesty's pleasure, I will use means to satisfy his Majesty of the 
truth of the business. [Draft. 2|- pp^ 

Nov. 16. 6. Anthony Cade to Sir John Lambe, Dr. Duck, and Dr. Farmery. 
Biilesdon. In respect of vay age and disability to serve the cure in my vicarage 
of BUlesdon, I made a resignation thereof into the archbishop's 
hands, but finding myself unable to depart thence in the winter, I 
thought good to recall it tiU the spring. The benefice having been 
pronounced void before my revocation came to the court, I am 
content the resignation shall stand in force, and institution be 
granted to him to whom it belongs. [^ p.'\ 

Nov. 16. Certificate of William Ryley, Bluemantle, that Edward Cecil, 
Viscount Wimbledon, and Baron Putney, died this day at his house 
at Wimbledon. He married three wives. 1. Theodotia, of the 
house of Lord Noel, by the mother of the house of Lord Harrington, 
who died at Utrecht, by whom he had issue four daughters, viz., 
Dorothy, yet unmarried ; Albinia, married to Sir Christopher Wray, 
of Barlings Abbey, co. Lincoln ; Elizabeth, married to Francis Lord 
Willoughby, of Parham ; Frances, married to James Fiennes, son and 
heir apparent to Viscount Say and Sele. Lord Wimbledon's second 
wife was Diana Drury, of Hawstead, Suffolk, by the mother descended 
from the families of the Dukes of Buckingham and Stafford, and 
one of the coheirs of Sir Robert Drury, of Hawstead, by whom Lord 
Wimbledon had issue one daughter, named Anne, who died an 
infant. Lord Wimbledon's third wife was Sophia, daughter of Sir 
Edward Zouch, of Woking, Surrey, by whom he had one son. 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 107 



jggg Vol. CCCCII. 

Algernon, -who died an infant. His Lordship followed the wars in 
the Netherlands thirty-five years, and was colonel of the English 
horse at the battle of Newport in Flanders. On his return he was 
made " Governor of State and War,'' Lord Lieutenant of Surrey, and 
captain and governor of Portsmouth. [Copy. See Vol. ccclx., p. 13, 

HP-] 

Nov. 16. 7. Certificate of Thomas KeveU, clerk of the Fleet, that Philip 
"LeMeete." Kjievett was committed to that prison on the 26th April 1637 by 
[Fleet Prison.] ^^^ Barons of the Exchequer 'in execution for lOOl. debt and 20s. 
damages at the suit of Edward Thorogood. [J p.] 

Nov. 17. 8. Affidavit of Nicholas Judd, of Wymondham, Norfolk, gentle- 
man, aged 80 years or thereabouts. In the town and countj'^ wherein 
he dwells he has lands of the yearly value of 100 marks and up- 
wards, all which lands are in his own possession and his farmers 
under him, and are free from incumbrance. He has other lands in 
the said county which he lets to his farmers for the yearly rent of 
31Z. and somewhat above, which he has for term of his life, [| p.] 

Nov. 17. 9. Account by Sir William Kussell of ship-money for 1637. Total 
received, 1.52,737Z. 18s. 5d.'; remaining, 43,676Z. 14s. 3d [=2 pp.] 

Nov. 17. 10. Account of ship-money levied and in the sheriffs' hands, total 
3,900?., which with the 152,737Z. paid to Sir William EusseU makes 
156,637Z. collected, being 26,485Z. less than was p%id in on the 18th 
November 1637. [1 p.} 

Nov. 17. 11- List of 21 grants of offices and monopolies which are to be 
considered of by the judges. [| p.] 

Nov. 18. 12. Francis Turner to Sir John Lambe. I was with the minister 
Oadby.' of Stoton [Stoughton]. His answer is that Sir Henry Beaumont 
was at Mr. Hawford's house at Wistow, and he being gone to London, 
Sir Henry proffered Mrs. Hawford so much money as the party pro- 
mised, but she refused to take it. I told those tenants of yours that 
hold land of other men your will as in your letter. Mr. Rolfe lies in 
gaol for want of money. The sickness increases at Leicester. We 
want instructions for the grass lands. Much oppression in the fields 
with horses and sheep by the freeholders, to the great hurt of your 
poor tenants. [1 p.'] 

[Nov. 18 ?] 13. William Plummer and six others, tenants of Sir John Lambe, 
to Sir John Lambe. We are informed by Goodman Turner that 
none of your tenants shall occupy other lands besides your own. 
We have taken lands of other men, because our livings are so small 
that they neither yield us sufficient provision for our teams or for 
our families, but if you think fit to add to our Uvings we will pre- 
sently yield up what we hold of others. [1 p.] 

Nov. 19. 14. John Windebank to his father Sec. Windebank. Knows not 

New College, whether more to admire his clemency towards the writer or his 

Oxford. affection. He has not merely given testimony to the writer's inno- 



108 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCCII. 

cency in his letters, but by his gifts. If he had not possessed a father 
as pious as prudent, he might have perished guiltless, but unheard, 
under the contumely of that most lying rumour. Nothing pained 
him so much as his father's anxiety, [Xaf. 1 p."] 

Nov. 19. 15. Minute of proceedings at a meeting of divers Lords Lieu- 
Whitehall, tenants, as well members of the Council Board as others, and 
the Earl of Newport, Master of the Ordnance, being by his Ma- 
jesty's command assembled in the Council Chamber. The Earl 
of Arundel, Earl Marshal, by direction of bis Majesty, declared 
to the Lords his Majesty's pleasure in divers particulars, amongst 
which the making choice of patterns of arms for horse and foot was 
of principal consideration, to the end that according to those patterns 
the armourers might supply monthly such arms as they could. Sir 
John Heydon, the Lieutenant, and other Officers of the Ordnance, 
together with Sir Jacob Astley and Sir Thomas Morton, were called 
• in and consulted, and the armourers having brought patterns and 

represented that according to those patterns they were able to make 
every month either 800 footmen's armours, 80 cuirassiers, or 400 
arquebusiers, it was resolved that the Earl of Newport with the 
Lieutenant and other Officers of the Ordnance, Sir Jacob Astley, 
and Sir Thomas Morton should make choice of patterns and 
make proof of their temper and goodness, and that the arms by 
them chosen should be patterns as well for fashion as goodness in 
supplying arms de futuro to his Majesty or his subjects, at the 
rates covenanted by indenture made between his Majesty and the 
Company of Armourers. But in regard the armourers objected that 
since the said indenture the price of iron was much risen, viz., from 
20 marks to 201. the ton, whereby they were disabled to perform 
their said contract, besides that, as they alleged, the iron now com- 
monly made was not so good and serviceable as heretofore, it was 
thought fit that the armourers should be furnished with iron ready 
made into plates out of his Majesty's works at reasonable prices ; and 
the Earl of Newport was to inform himself from the Officers of the 
Ordnance, and to certify the usual prices. [1| p.] 

Nov. 19. 16. Copy of the same, but with the date of "December 1638" 
erroneously given to it by Nicholas. [1| p.] 

Nov. 19. 17. Draft of the same. [Sj)^'-] 

Nov. 19. 18. Information of Eichard Skilling and John Peters, of Dunning- 
ton, and Thomas Hawson, of Swineshead, both in co. Lincoln, 
together with two other labourers. Being all of us lock spitting and 
lining out some drains in the Eight Hundred fen, in his Majesty's 
proportion, there came to us three men on horseback, viz., John 
Dutfyn the younger, of Swineshead, yeoman, Thomas Gladwin, and 
Thomas Heynswoith, of Sutterton, husbandmen, who uttered these 
words, viz., "Must we suffer the fens to be taken away in this 
order ? We are assured the King knows not of it, and we must 
come and batter you all out of the fen." One of us answered that they 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES t. 109 



1638. Vol. CCCCII. 

three could not do it. They replied if one town could not do it, they 
would bring three or four towns more. We then told them we were 
poor men, and laboured hard for our livings. They answered that 
the great ones who set us on work hid themselves that they could 
not see them in the fen, and therefore they would be sure to batter 
us. [1 p.] 

Nov. 19. Henry Earl of Holland to the Keeper and Verderors of the forest 
Whitehall, of Rockingham co. Northampton. Eecites certificate of Sir Lewis 

"Watson and Charles Cockayne relating to felling Hassell's coppice. 

belonging to Sir Christopher Hatton, calendared under date of the 

14th November inst., and gives license in accordance therewith. 

\_Latin. Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv. p. 35. J p."] 



Nov. 19. Petition of John EUiot to Henry Earl of Holland, Chief Justice 
of the Forests. Petitioner has been convicted for carrying stolen 
venison to London, for dressing it in his house, and for receiving 
the skins of four does brought to him by a notorious malefactor, 
contrary to the laws of the forest, for which offences he stands com- 
mitted to prison and fiued. He is very sorrowful, and a very poor man 
with many children, as is well known to the inhabitants of Windsor, 
and is altogether unable to pay the said fine, and prays the Earl to 
remit his fine and order his enlargement. [Copy. Ibid. p. 28. |- p.] 
Underwritten, 

1. Upon certificate of petitioner's poverty I am content to reduce 
his fine to 40s., upon payment whereof and bond given 
for his good behaviour, before Sir Arthur Mainwaring, 
let the keeper of the prison set him at liberty. 19th No- 
vember \Q'6S. [Copy. See Ibid, i p-l 

Nov. 19. Petition of Herman Rogers, of Farnborough, Hants, to the same. 
Petitioner is a poor man in lamentable distress ; has a wife and 
seven children ; has had great loss by fire ; one of his children is a 
cripple, and his father, who is blind, wholly lieth upon him. Has 
been twice imprisoned for this fault, and in his present durance is 
ready to starve, as are his children at home. Is 30^. in debt and 
has no means but his labour. Never committed any offence against 
his Majesty's game but only one, and has no way to pay his fine nor 
fees of imprisonment. Prays enlargement. [_Copy. See Ibid., 
p. 29. 1 p.J Underwritten, 

I. Answer of Lord Holland. I am, content to reduce his fine 

to 51., which being paid and bond given for his good 
" abearance " towards the forest, the keeper of the prison 
is to set him at liberty. \9th November 1639. [Copy. 
Ibid., p. 30. 5 p.] Written in the margin, 

II. Henry Earl of Holland to John Keeling. Let this petitioner s 

fine be reduced to hi. This shall be your warrant for so 
doing, and for his discharge. 2lst November 1639. 
[Copy. Ibid., p. 29. k P-l 



no 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 
Nov. 20. 



Nov. 20. 



Nov. 20. 

Fenton. 



Nov. 20. 

Office of 

Ordnance. 



Nov. 20. 

Whitehall. 



Nov. 20. 



Vol. CCCCII. 

19. Petition of Elizabeth Lady Morley, Hemy Lord Morley and 
Monteagle, and Charles Parker, son of William, late Lord Morley 
and Monteagle, and of the said Lady Elizabeth, [to the King]. 
Upon your Majesty's former directions to the Judges of the Common 
Pleas {see 22nd October last), they have certified their opinion, 
I whereby there appears no just cause to hinder the recovery desired. 
Lord Morley has no other end in this suit but to pay his debt to your 
Majesty and other his debts. Pray absolute direction to Mr. At- 
torney-General to proceed with his bill. [Copy. J p ] 
Underwritten, 

19. I. Direction to the Attorney-General as prayed. Whitehall, 

20th November 1638. [Underwritten anre notes of some 
amendments to be made in the petition of these parties, 
calendared 28th May last. ^ p.] 

20. Further informations and examinations, some taken the l7th 
inst., and one this day, respecting the price of sea-coals. The exami- 
nants were Thomas Turner, of St. Saviour's, Southwark, woodmonger ; 
Elizabeth Jackson, of St. George's, Southwark, widow ; Kobert Jewell, 
one of the churchwardens of St. George's ; and Giles Bagg, of Queen- 
hithe, woodmonger. The examinations were taken by Sir John 
Lenthall and Sir Edward Bromfield, justices of peace for Surrey. 

21. Sir Francis Thomhaugh, late Sheriff of co. Nottingham, to 
Nicholas. I have paid more ship-money than I have received, and 
for the remainder, the greatest part is in the chief constables' hands. 
I must earnestly entreat you to be a petitioner for me to the 
Council, to give me time for payment of the money till Candlemas 
term, in which time I fear not to be provided. [| p.J 

22. Officers of Ordnance to the Commissioners for Saltpetre 
and Gunpowder. We have examined our accounts, and find that 
Mr. Cordewell, his Majesty's gunpowder-maker, has brought into the 
magazine of London, from 7th November 1637 to 16th November 
last, 200 lasts of gunpowder. There wants, to make up his full 
proportion for the second year of his contract, 40 lasts, viz., 20 lasts 
for each of the months of September and October last. [1 p.] 

23. Order of the Committee of the Council of War. There are 
fees paid out of the Exchequer to many gunners, who do no service 
nor are of ability nor in readiness to attend. It was ordered that 
the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington should take order that no 
gunner be henceforth paid but such as give attendance and bring 
certificate under the hand of the Master of the Ordnance. [Draft. 

24. Petition of Elizabeth, wife of Arthur Clark, to Archbishop 
Laud. Arthur Clark is behind one quarter's alimony, and has pe- 
titioned that further alimony may be respited until Lady Day next. 
Petitioner has had divers hearings before Sir John Lambe and 
Dr. Wood, and Dr. Wood finding that petitioner brought to the said 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. Ill 



1638. Vol. CCCCn. 

Arthur Clark 601. per annum and BOOL in money, and that he had 
spent a great part of his own estate, and had forced petitioner to sell 
201. per annum of the land she brought, it was ordered that she 
should be allowed 251. per annum, to be paid quarterly, and for the said 
Clark's non-payment thereof the last quarter he stands committed. 
Petitioner prays that he may pay her alimony as ordered. He has 
received the rents for that quarter, and petitioner is in great want, 
and being an aged woman, and wanting friends, cannot subsist 
without it, and his cruelty is such, and his life so vicious, as pe- 
titioner dare not cohabit with him. [| p.'] Underwritten, 

24. I. Reference to Sir John Lamhe to do what he shall find 
Atting for relief of petitioner. Lambeth, November 20th, 
1638. lip.] 

Nov. 20. 25. Bond of John Southwood and William Melyn, both of London, 
and also of WiUiam Kogers, all merchants, to the King in 1,000^., 
conditioned that Southwood should not send beyond seas, to be 
transported from hence, any man that is not really his factor or 
servant for the trade of merchandizing, without special leave of 
his Majesty. [1 p-l 

Nov. 20. 26. Dr. William Lewis to Archbishop Laud. This day, after corn- 
Winchester, munication of your letters touching the sending up of the statutes, 
Mr. Dean desired to know our resolutions about his choices, and 
the officers of their copyholds which were refused them last 
audit. The Dean's claim was ultimately refased, and he expressed 
his determination to bring it before his Majesty ; we implore your 
favour that his Majesty may be rightly informed, and that we may 
be heard before we be commanded. Mr. Lany will advertise 
Mr. DeU of some few slips in the statutes, and we are doubtful 
about the place which is assigned to the archdeacons. The doubt 
turns on which stall was intended by the " remotest ;" reckoning 
one way it indicated the seats appropriated to the mayor and his 
brethren, and on the other those for the judges when they come. 
Others are suggested, but Mr. Dean has lately brought the gentle- 
women unto them, an arrangement which this church never saw 
before, aprons instead of surplices. [2 pp.] 

Nov. 20. Petition of Eichard Norfolk, coppice-keeper in the Forest of 
Whittlewood, to Henry Earl of Holland. Petitioner is jointly 
presented, with the woodwards and preservators, and with John 
Horton and William Burt, coppice-keepers in the said forest, for 
defections in the hedges of the wood called Chamber Sale, and a fine 
of lOl. is imposed upon petitioner. Pleads in excuse that the coppice 
was near six years' growth ere petitioner had anything to do therein, 
and the harms thereto were done before petitioner was coppice- 
keeper, and that Carter had taken away nuie oaks, whereof he is 
presented by petitioner, Horton being the coppice-keeper and peti- 



112 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1G38. 



Vol. CCCCIT. 

tioner but his servant. Prays remittal of the fine. [Copy. See 
Vol. ccdxxxiv., p. 30. 1 p.] Underwritten, 
I. Henry Earl of Holland to John Keeling. Let petitioner's fine 

be reduced to 41., and upon payment let him be discharged. 

20th November IGS8. [Copy. Ibid., p. SI. i p.] 

[Nov. 21 ?] 27. Petition of Thomas Flower to the Council. On complaint of 
William Birkhead, minister, against petitioner, for not delivering 
six trees out of Askham Wood, co. Nottingham, to repair his barn, 
you sent a warrant by a messenger above 100 miles for petitioner's 
appearance, which was performed on New Year's Day to his ex- 
ceeding charge before and since. As also heretofore you commanded 
petitioner's appearance in March 1628, when he attended above a 
month without being called, or to this day ever knowing the offence 
or his accuser, in which time of petitioner's absence Birkhead re- 
ported him a traitor, and was a close actor in this abuse, for by that 
means he felled trees and carried away six load of them, which 
since he has sold, broken hedges, and turned out cattle on peti- 
tioner's ground. Upon which, as also his falsifying his first warrant 
from the archbishop, and the second warrant from the commissioners 
being delivered by a mean man of no credit, petitioner for the present 
refused the delivery of the remainder of the wood until better in- 
formation. Prays to be admitted to further proof, [f- p.] 



Nov. 21. 

Inner Star 
Chamber. 



28. The Council to all Mayors, Customers, Searchers, and others. 
Licence for St. John Thompson, of Crawley, co. Bedford, gentleman, 
to go beyond seas and remain there for three years, for bettering 
his knowledge in the languages, fee, provided he repair not to Rome 
without special licence. You are to permit him to embark with 
his two servants. [Seal of the Council attached, 1 p.J 

Nov. 21. Nicholas to the Sheriff of Cumberland. By slip of the writer 

Westminster, there are some mistakes in the writs for Cumberland and the city 

of Carlisle, and in the letters of instructions from the Council Board 

relative to ship-money. Prays him to return the same. \_Copy. 

Nicholases Letter Booh, Lorn. James I., Vol. ccxix., p. 173.] 



Nov. 21. 

Queen Street. 



29. Thomas 
not signing a 
sends back again 



Smith to Sir John Pennington. Prays pardon for 
letter which had been returned and which he now 
Will be careful to follow the directions in one of 
Pennington's of the 16th inst., especially as to Mainwaring and 
Price. This week he expects the remainder of the convoy money, 
as Mr. Turner has promised, and then the Lord Admiral will pro- 
ceed to the dividend, which being done Pennington shall have an 
account thereof. There is a rumour in court that one of his Majesty's 
ships shall go very shortly to Spain to carry over a present from the 
Queen for the Queen of Spain. I made Mr. Taylor acquainted with 
your receipt of his letter, and of your intention to send your man 
hither ; nevertheless, another letter of his, out of fear the other might 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 113 



Ig38 Vol. CCCCII, 

be miscarried, is enclosed. Lord Wimbledon died on Thursday last. 
I do not hear that his command at Portsmouth is yet disposed of. 
The Spanish Ambassador was robbed last night of all his church plate. 
The thieves are not heard of. We speak much of preparation for war, 
raising regiments, fortifying towns toward the north, &c. P.S. — 
My Lord's [the Earl of Northumberland's] pains ebb and flow some- 
times very ill, this running gout does so afflict him ; but now he is 
upon his legs, and we have good hopes of his speedy amendment. 

Nov. 22. Grant to Gabriel Bridges, vicar of Thorpe Mandeville, co. North- 
ampton, of the rectory of the same church, to hold to him and his 
successors in free alms. The rectory and vicarage are united, and 
his Majesty's tenths and first fruits are reserved. [BocqiMf] 

Nov. 22. SO, Petition of Elizabeth Glover, wife of Matthew Glover, to 
Archbishop Laud. Petitioner has been married these 18 years, and 
has had 10 children, whereof there is but one living. Her 
husband being a man of a most deboist, dissolute, and wicked life, 
has ofiFered petitioner most cruel outrages, in nailing her foot to the 
ground, and at the same time breaking a staff upon her, bruising her 
head, insomuch that a piece of her skull has been taken out, cutting 
her face, bruising her ribs, insomuch that she has been enforced to 
go on crutches, besides other unsupportable wrongs, which she is 
able to prove. And not only so, but to colour his wicked practices 
gives out most scandalous reports to take away petitioner's credit. 
He is a great blasphemer, and has attempted to take his own life as 
well as petitioner's. Upon many oaths made by him for his better 
demeanour, petitioner has forborne to call him before your Grace, 
yet so strong has the devil been with him that the same day he 
breaks out into his former violent courses. Prays that he may be 
called before the archbishop and order taken for their separation. 
[|. p.l Underwritten, 

30. 1. Reference to Sir John Lambe to end this business by himself 
or by the High Commission. Lambeth, 22nd November 
1638. [^ p-l Endorsed by Sir John Lambe. 

30. n. Attachment granted, 2^th November 1638. [3 Zmes.] 

Nov. 22. 31. Petition of Churchwardens and Parishioners of Buckland 
Dinham, Somerset, to the same. At your metropoKtical visitation 
the cage and bells of the said parish were found deficient, and it 
was ordered that they should be amended by a certain time. The 
churchwardens, with the consent of the most of the parishioners, ac- 
cordingly made a rate and gathered the same from all the parishioners, 
save only from Kichard Hawkins and Richard Weaver, who refused 
to pay. Whereupon the churchwardens proceeded against them to 
excommunication in the courts at Wells, and thereupon the delin- 
quents have removed the suit to the Court of Arches, intending to 
weary petitioners with a chargeable suit. Pray some speedy course 
to be taken with the delinquents for payment of their rates with 

13. H 



114 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

1638. 



Vol. CCCCn. 



the charges. \_Signed hy " Joshua Roche, vicar," and 19 others. 
1 p.] Written in the margin, 

31. I. Reference to Sir Nathaniel Brent and Dr. Duck if they 
find the suggestions true to dissolve the inhibition in the 
Arches in the archbishop's namie; who prays Dr. Duck to 
do them justice. Lambeth, November 22nd, 1638. Annexed, 

81. II. Sir Nathaniel Brent and Dr. Dv^k to Archbishop Laud. 
Think fit, as all the' parishioners consented to the rate and 
the parish and churchwardens are poor, that the in- 
hibition be revoked and the parties cited to appear before 
the bishop of the diocese in the Consistory Court. 2iith 
November 1638. [9 lines^ 

31. III. Reference to Sir John Lambe to take order that the in- 
hibition be revoked accordingly. 28th November 1638. 
[2 lities.'] 

Nov. 22. 32. Justices of Assize for co. York, but signed only by Sir Kobert 
Berkeley, to Sec. Windebank, being a report by the judges upon a pe- 
tition of William Stevenson referred to them. Certify the proceedings 
taken at the York Lent and Summer Assizes respecting the tender of 
the oath of allegiance to William Stevenson, and his refusal to take 
the same, as already stated in papers calendared under dates of 31st 
January, No. 52 ; 16th March, No. 81 ; and 80th March, No. 70 (all 
in this year 1638). Within a few days aftei' the past assizes for 
York, Stevenson came with a keeper to Durham and desired to take 
the oath, and during the assizes at Durham he took the oath in the 
bishop's palace there, before the bishop and the judges, upon his 
knees, which we were glad to see, but could not give order for his 
enlargement, as the oath was not taken at the Yprk assizes as it 
ought to have been by law. We think at the next assizes for York 
Stevenson should publicly and in open court take the oath, and 
should not be enlarged without good security for performance of 
the same. ^See 23rd inst.. No. 38. 1 1 jo.] 

Nov. 22, 38. Extract from the Book of the Acts of the High Commission 
of the sentence given in a cause against William Richardson, clerk, 
vicar of Garthorpe, co. Leicester. In a second cause against the said 
Richardson, it was held that nothing was proved against him, 
wherefore the cause was dismissed, and the prosecutor ordered to 
pay costs of suit. As to the first cause, it was charged that the 
defendant had frequented alehouses, and that on Lady Day 1635 he 
was in an alehouse when he should have gone to say evening prayer, 
and that there was no prayer read in the afternoon of that day ; 
and also that he had not resided on his vicarage, but on a farm of 
his own at Saxby, the vicarage house, although standing in a waterish 
place, not being so unhealthful but that it might be inhabited, and 
being the house in whicli Mr. Richardson's predecessor dwelt for 
many years, and died there an aged man. It was also charged that 
he had attempted the chastity of several women his parishioners, 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 115 



1638. Vol. CCCCH. 

but the court held that to that article he had a good defence, having 
disabled the credit of the -women that deposed against him. He 
was ordered to reside in his parish, and the court held that his 
practice of surgery and repairing to his patients in public and scan- 
dalous places was no way justifiable, and that he should have a 
judicial admonition not to frequent alehouses on any pretext what- 
soever. They also condemned him in costs. [5 pp,^ 

Nov. 22. 34. Extract from the Book of the Acts of the High Commission 
of the sentence given in a cause against Robert Roche, of Tortworth, 
CO. Gloucester. He was charged with sundry crimes of mean 
cognizance, but nothing insisted on except a charge of adultery 
with Sara George, wife of George George, in regard to which the 
court declared that he had sufficiently acquitted himself for any 
matter of fact, but there being a fame of his suspicious conversatioii 
with the said Sara, the court ordered John Francombe, the pro- 
moter, and the defendant to attend Dr. Baber, their ordinary, with 
their proofs, and that he should determine whether Roche should 
be enjoined his purgation or not, and that the costs should abide 
the event whether Roche should purge or not purge. [2| pp.J 

Nov. 23. Archbishop Laud and Henry Earl of Manchester, Lord Privy Seal, 
to the King. Report upon an order of reference of a petition of 
Philip Knivett, son and heir of Sir Philip Knivett. About sixteen 
years ago lands were granted by Sir Philip to his lady, of the value 
of 600?. per annum, for the maintenance of herself and his children, 
which she has enjoyed ever since. She allowed petitioner QOl. per 
annum until two years ago, when he married against his friends' liking. 
He has obtained his father's pardon for that offence, but Lady 
Knivett is very wilfully bent against her son, and will not allow him 
more than 40Z. per annum, notwithstanding he has now a wife 
and child to keep. We hold it fit that the petitioner, tendering to his 
mother a'dutiful acknowledgment of his sorrow for the offence he 
has given her, she should allow him 601. per annum, and the arrears 
at the rate of 40Z. per annum ; and that she should deliver to Edward 
Herbert, her counsel, all deeds in her hands which concern lands of 
Sir Philip, or of the petitioner, that they may be perused, and such 
as do not concern the provision for her and the children be put into 
the Rolls for preservation. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii, p. 9. 1 J p.] 
Underwritten, 
I. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure in accordance with the above 

report. Whitehall, 12th December, 1638. [Copy. Ibid., 

p. 10. ^p.J 

Nov. 23. 35. Order of Council. The certificate made by Attorney-General 
Inner Star Bankes to his Majesty concerning the creditors of Sir Allen Apsley, 
Chamber, j^^^ victualler of the navy, was read at the Board. It dealt with 
the rights of the patentees of the forest of Galtres, the manors of 
Newington Barrow, Otford, Petham, Charing, Redriffe, Waddington, 
Dentj Howcourt, and the borough of Banbury, some of which had 
been sold, and the rest remained in the hands of Stephen Alcock, 

H 2 



llfj DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



1638. yo..ccccir. 

Christopher Vernon, and others. In all these manors and other 
lands the fcreditors of Sir Allen Apsley claimed an interest. The 
Attorney-General, whose report was dated the 2oth June 1638, 
stated the rights of the parties, and recommended that certain 
accounts should be rendered. The Attorney-General also stated 
that John Apsley was Sir Allen's executor, and had exhibited 
an inventory amounting to 250?., and that Lady Apsley, who 
married Sir Leventhorpe Francke, has the residue of the personal 
estate, and is to be answerable for it. The Lords confirmed the 
Attorney-General's certificate, and ordered that the same should be 
put in execution, and required all persons to conform themselves 
thereto. [Copy. 1 f.\ 

Nov. 23. 36. Petition of John Ayres, a very poor man, to Archbishop Laud. 
Some falling out was betwixt petitioner and Hannah Mobbs, wife of 
Daniel Mobbs, a dyer, and she called petitioner rogue, and he said 
he was no more a ro^ue than she was a whore. Some of her friends 
say that petitioner called her whore, so she sues petitioner in your 
court. Petitioner proffered reasonable composition, but they will 
make none under 20Z. Prays order for staying proceedings. [|- 2^.] 
Underwritten, 

36. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to afford petitioner such 
further favour for his freedom out of trouble as the merits 
of his cause deserve. November 23rd, 1638. [J p.J 

Nov. 23. 37. Narrative of a cure stated to have been worked upon John 
Trelille, of Madron, Cornwall, a poor cripple, who was restored to 
the use of a bowed leg by bathing in a stream which runs through 
an old ruined chapel there. The facts are given as authenticated by 
John Trelille and John Keate, vicar of Madron, and underwritten 
are remarks on the nature of the cure, signed by Bishop Hall, of 
Exeter. [2| pp.^ 

Nov. 23. 38. Sir George Vernon, Justice of Common Pleas, to Sec. Winde- 
bank. Certifies that William Stevenson, of Thornton Woods, co. 
York, at the last assizes at Durham, being the 8th August last, 
took the oath of allegiance in the presence of the Bishop of Durham 
and the judges of assize, [f p.] 

Nov. 23. 39. Undertaking of James Cromwell, of Upwood, co. Huntingdon, 
Paris. esquire, to pay to William Birron, of London, merchant, two bills of 
501., in case the father and friends of Cromwell do not pay the same ; 
and also to secure to the said William Birron the payment of sums 
Cromwell may in future draw upon him for to supply his wants in 
victuals, apparel, and exercises. [^Seal with arms. 1 p.l 

Nov. 23. 40. Memorandum of William Cobham. Four barrels of gun- 
powder are attached in the hands of Francis Brown by John 
Maperley for the use of his Majesty. The said powder was provi- 
sion for the Jellie [Gilly ?] Flower, which was sunk in Barbadoes, and 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 117 



1638 Vol. CCCCII. 

afterwards recovered and brought to London, I being part owner of 
the same ship. [^ p.] 

Nov. 23. 41. Certificate of John Maperley that he made stay of three 
barrels of gunpowder out of a bark at Costommas Key [Custom 
House Quay] that came from Portsmouth, and delivered them into 
the Tower unto Mr. Bevis. [Endorsed by Nicholas, " I am to speak 
with Bevis to the end Maperley may be rewarded ;" with other 
notes of Nicholas relating to this matter, dated 5th December 1638. 

Nov. 24. 42. Petition of Edward Watkins to the King. Your Majesty 
by letters patent granted petitioner the office of chief searcher in 
the port of London, and in all members thereof, with the moiety of 
all seizures. The office is a place of great trust, not only for the 
public good of the commonwealth, but for your Majesty's private 
service and profit. John Robinson, Richard Ward, and Christopher 
Dighton, in prejudice of petitioner's grant, obtained letters patent of 
the place of searcher of Gravesend, which is a member of the port of 
London, by colour of which they take upon them to have the sole 
searching of ships laden at London which pass by Gravesend, with 
all seizures made therein ; by whose negligence gold and other pro- 
hibited commodities are continually exported, and your Majesty's 
and petitioner's profit much hindered. Pray order to the Attorney- 
General to take a legal course for trying the validity of the said 
letters patent. [Copy. | p."] Underwritten, 

42. I. Reference to the Attorney-Genercd as desired. Whitehall, 
ZUh November 1638. \_Copy. i pJ] 

Nov. 24. Petition of James Earl of Carlisle to the King. Your Majesty 
having refused [referred] the consideration of a petition stated to be 
annexed to the Commissioners for Foreign Plantations (see 5th inst), 
and directed a stay of trial at law between Mr. Blount- and Mr. Con- 
nisby therein mentioned, on 13th November last Mr. Blount, pre- 
tending you were misinformed by petitioner, obtained a repeal of 
that, as he did upon the like false suggestion of a former reference 
to the said commissioners, and pressed for a trial at law upon Mon- 
day next. Petitioner is ready to justify all the allegations in his 
said petition, and the proceedings at common law in suits of that 
nature are of so ill consequence and great disturbance to the settled 
government of all foreign plantations, that petitioner craves leave to 
represent the same again to your Majesty, that the commissioners 
may have the hearing of the same before the trial at law proceeds. 
\Copy. See Vol. cccxxiii., p. 336. f p^ Underwritten, 
I. Reference to Sees. Coke and Windebank to call before them both 
parties and exa^mine their dij^erences, and in the m,ean- 
time that all proceedings at the common law shall cease. 
Whitehall, 2ith November 1638. [Copy. Ibid., p. 337. 



118 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 
Nov. 24 

WhitehaU. 



Nov. 24. 



Nov. 24. 



Nov. 24. 

Lichfield. 



Vol. CCCCII. 

Commissioners of Saltpetre and Gunpowder to the Officers of the 
Ordnance. It appears by certificate of Kichard Poole, dated 1st No- 
vember, that there has been delivered to Mr. Cordewell, for the second 
year of his contract, only 212 lasts 3 cwt. 16 lbs. of saltpetre, and 
by your certificate, dated 20th November last, that there had been 
delivered to his Majesty's stores by Cordewell, for the second year of 
his contract, 200 lasts of gunpowder, which is as much gunpowder 
as there has been saltpetre delivered to him, save only 12 lasts 
3 cwt. 16 lbs.; so that the gunpowder-maker's failing to bring in 
his proportion of 240 lasts in the second year has been in regard 
there was not delivered to him a sufficient quantity of saltpetre. 
We have thought fit that the next 20 lasts of gunpowder that he 
shall bring in be by you received for his proportion for this present 
month of November, the first month of the third year of his con- 
tract, and that upon your receipt you give him certificate accordingly. 
[Copy. See Vol. ccxcii., p. 84. 1 ^.] 

Certificate of Commissioners for Saltpetre and Gunpowder. Recites 
certificate of Richard Poole, dated 1st inst., and calendared in 
the preceding article (see Vol. cccci, No. 3) ; and the certificate of the 
Officers of the Ordnance of the 20th inst,, also calendared in the 
same article. We rest satisfied with Cordewell's second year's 
service, as absolutely as if he had delivered in his whole propor- 
tion of 240 lasts, in respect there was not delivered to him in 
that year sufficient saltpetre to make his full proportion, the 
12 lasts 3 cwt. 16 lbs. of saltpetre which is over and above being 
charged upon his next years's account. \Gopy. See Vol. ccxdi., 
p. 86. 1 j^J.] 

Indenture between John Wolley, of Sunninghill, Berks, and 
Dame Helen Wolsley, his wife, late wife of Sir Thomas Wolsley, 
deceased, of the one part, and William Trumbull, of Easthampstead, 
Berks, and George Greislie, of Stretton, c6. Chester, on the other 
part. Declaration that a fine to be levied of the manor and lands of 
Ravenston alias Raunston in cos. Derby and Leicester shall enure 
to the use of the said Dame Helen Wolsley for life, and after her 
decease to the use of the said John Wolley for life, upon various 
trusts for the benefit of Walter, Robert, and Devereux Wolsley, sons, 
and Ann and Winifred, daughters of Dame Helen and Sir Thomas. 
{Unsigned. See Case E., Dom. Gar. J., No. 8. Skin of parch- 
'ment] 

43. Bishop Wright, of Lichfield and Coventry, to Sir John Lambe. 
My chancellor has acquainted me with the Archbishop's commands 
and your letters concerning St. Paul's, and his Grace has written to 
me to the same effect, and we both are ready to further that pious 
work as the commutations of this diocese may weU afford. But I 
pray let his Grace know that it is not with my diocese as it is with 
others. The peculiars of the Dean and Chapter, prebends, and divers 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. IIQ 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 



laics take up about a third part of my diocese, and yet I can never 
liear that there is any such demands from any other diocese as 
from us. Our commutations amount not to such sums as are sup- 
posed, as may "well appear by the accounts, the greatest whereof 
was but 101?. 10s., and that was from the 12th January 1635-6 to 
the 27th March 1637, and of that sum his Grace commanded lOOl. 
for the church at Tutbury, so there remained but 11. 10s. for the 
diocese, which has opened the mouths of divers in my diocese, who 
report that we put the commutations in our own purses, because 
they neither hear nor see any fruit thereof in my diocese, a tax 
most unjustly imposed upon us, in regard whereof and for pre- 
vention of the like ad faciendum populum,! required my chancellor 
when he was to come to this last account, which came short of the 
former, to bestow part upon the most emiaent places that needed 
repairs, which he has most carefully performed upon the aqueducts 
of the church of Lichfield and the pitching the unpassable passages 
of the close, the decayed church of Newport and some others, and 
the remainder I have distributed in other places to the benefit of 
posterity, which I trust has given that satisfaction that we may 
without clamour perform his Grace's commands about Lady Day 
next. For Mr. Archer, I am glad you have settled his business, 
and that with consent, whereunto I prepared Mr. Stanford against 
his coming up. I have and will be comfortable to that good Lady 
as you require, and as for yoiirself I trust you remember the epistle 
of Sulpitius to TuUy concerning the death of his daughter Tullia. 
Baron Weston has done me exceeding wrong in not returning my 
commission, which he promised to do by the 8th October last, and 
all my successors shall have much more if the palace may not be 
made several, but lies still in common with maltsters and others. 
I have been at great charges to make a ruinous palace fit to give 
content to my successors, but content none can have if it continue 
as now it is, and therefore, unless I have it so enclosed that I may 
keep my people in at night, and keep thieves out, I will stay my 
hand from further expenses, and return to moist Eccleshall, sepul- 
chrum episeoporum, to end my days. I pray take notice that the 
Bishop of Lichfield, who formerly had many houses, should only 
now have but one to dwell in, whatsoever happeneth, and that none 
of the wholesomest, where the prebend has more authority than the 
Bishop. Your power is great with his Grace, and you have pro- 
mised to extend it for me ; perform it I beseech you. \_Seal with 
arms. 3 pp."] 

Nov. 24. 44. Petition of Nicholas Gibbon, rector of Sevenoaks, on behalf of 
the poor there, to Archbishop Laud. Two hundred years sincfe, 
"William Sevenoak founded a free school and hospital in Sevenoaks, 
Kent, and endowed the same with land of great value, since which 
time four assistants and two wardens have been [instituted] by Act 
of Pai-liament and letters patent. A lease of part of the lands 
belonging to the corporation of 40 years expired at Michaelmas last. 
The corporation has been offered for a new lease to be made of those 



120 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Nov. 24. 
Nov. 24. 



Nov. 24. 

WhitehaU. 



Nov. 24. 



Nov. 24. 



Nov. 25. 

WhitehaU. 



Vol. CCCCII. 

lauds 1501. per annum rent, and 100?. fine, whicli lands, as has been 
averred, are worth 2001. per annum. Tbey notwithstanding resolve 
to lease out the premises for but 120Z. per annum, and 501. fine, for 
some long term, conceiving themselves thereunto enforced by some 
niceties in the common law and pretended titles tendered unto the 
Lord Keeper. The rector and the vicar of Sevenoaks are super- 
visors of the will of William Sevenoak, and each receives Ss. 4d. 
yearly therefor, which supervisorship is confirmed by constitutions 
drawn up by the then body, and ratified by the then Archbishop of 
Canterbmy. In regard your Grace has in many things a special 
visitation there, petitioners pray that you would signify your 
pleasure to the assistants and wardens, that they refrain from 
sealing any lease of the said lands until those points in law .shall be 
resolved and they be in quiet possession, that so the best offer may 
then be accepted. [| p.] Underwritten, 

44. I. Let this petition be showed to the assistants and wardens 

above said, and T require, them within six days' sight 
hereof to attend me at my manor house at Lambeth to 
make answer to it, and in the ineantime to forbear the 
granting any lease of the lands herein mentioned. " W. 
Cant." November 2ith, 1638. [1 p.] 

45. List of the Lord Lieutenants of England arranged by the names 
of their respective counties. [1 p.l 

46. Another list of Lord Lieutenants, arranged under the names or 
titles of those officers. [2J pp."] 

Henry Earl of Holland to the officers of the forest of Rockingham. 
Suit has been made unto me by Thomas Dove, of Upton, co. North- 
ampton, one of the verderors of the said forest, for leave to hawk 
within the same. Forasmuch as I presume lie is a preserver of the 
game there and will use this liberty for his recreation only, and not 
to the destruction of the game, you are to suffer the said Dove, at 
seasonable times and in convenient places, to fly his hawks at all 
sorts of game for his own recreation, provided he abuse not this 
licence, but comport himself with the moderation that is fitting. 
[Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 37. 1^ p.] 

47. Account by Sir William Eussell of ship-money for 1637. 
Total received, J56,003L 18s. 9d; remaining, 40,410/. 8s. lid 

1=2 pp.-] 

48. Account of ship-money for 1637, levied and in the sheriffs' 
hands. Total 4,350Z., which with 156,00,'U. paid to Su- William 
Russell makes the total levied 160,353Z. [1 p.J 

Minute of resolution of the Council of War. They desire the 
Earls of Essex and Newport with Sir Jacob Astley to consider of a 
state of war now delivered to the Earl of Essex to perfect and settle 
the same, as well for what concerns the foot and horse as the train 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 121 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 



of artillery, and of anything else concerning that service, and to 
represent the same to the conaniittee. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 30. 

Nov. 25. 49. Sec. Coke to Nicholas. Upon reference from the Lord 
London. Treasurer I am considering the saltpetremen's business. I must 
desire you to send me the report made by Sir Kenelm Digby, Sir 
John Wolstenholme, and Sir William Russell. This bearer will 
bring it presently. [Undorsed by Nicholas, " This 2.5th Novem- 
ber I delivered the said certificate to Mr. Sec. Coke at his house at 
Garlickhithe, in the presence of John Evelyn and Mr. Poole." [Seal 
with crest. | p.] 

Nov. 25. 50. Petition of Francis Albert, living in Gun Alley, Wapping, to 
the Lords of the Admiralty [sic]. In the late Duke of Buckingham's 
service lost both his arms in the Isle of Eh^, whereby he has utterly 
been disabled. Having a wife and children, he is no way able to 
subsist, unless under your protection he may draw a little ale which 
is from time to time brought in by his wife on her shoulders, yet 
cannot be allowed because he is not licensed. Prays that under 
their protection he may do as desired. [1 p.'] 

Nov. 25. 51. Petition of Matthew Stevenson and Roger Reynolds, chief 
constables of the hundred of Blofield, Norfolk, to the Council. By 
warrant from Sir Francis Asteley, late sheriff, deceased, since con- 
firmed by John Buxton, now or late sheriff", petitioners were ap- 
pointed collectors of 1881. 2s. lid. for ship-money, wherein they took 
great pains and spent 201. out of their own estate. Many persons 
being assessed (by reason the hundred was much overcharged) who 
were uuable to pay, petitioners could not get it of them. Where- 
upon they entreated the sheriff to accept what money they had and 
take a return of the rest, which he refused, but granted a warrant 
to bring all persons before him that had not paid. Thereupon peti- 
tioners brought 200 and upwards. He did not say anything to 
them, and then petitioners were in a worse case than before, their 
answers being that petitioners were more busy than they needed to 
be. So petitioners entreated the sheriff to give them further time, 
in regard of their great occasions for his Majesty's service, in building 
a new magazine, and carrying 300 loads of timber for the ship the 
Prince Royal. The sheriff" gave them six weeks' time, but fourteen 
days before that time came out, the sheriff procured a messenger to 
be sent for petitioners, which put them to 201. more charge. The 
Lords enjoined them to enter bond of lOOL to his Majesty to execute 
all warrants of the sheriff, so with much ado they coUected llOi., 
and paid it over. Petitioners must lay themselves at his Majesty's 
feet for mercy, or pay the remainder of the moneys uncollected, the 
people on whom it ought to be levied being so poor that they are 
rated, some 2d., some 3d., and a great many under 12d., and peti- 
tioners have acquainted the sheriff with the poverty of the people, 
and that they thought not it was his Majesty's pleasure that such 
poor as these [should be compelled to pay], who cried out when 



122 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 



petitioners came to them for money; that tbey and their children 
were starving, and who had nothing to distrain but their bedding 
or some poor household stuff of no value, so that petitioners durst 
not go any further in the service till his Majesty and the Lords 
were acquainted with the miserable poverty of the people, and 
petitioner Stevenson, being come to London to that intent, is again 
taken into the messenger's custody. Pray that their bond may be 
redelivered, and that if the remainder of the money must be collected, 
that petitioners may have time, for rather than incur his Majesty's 
displeasure they vnll seU their own estates to pay the amount, only 
desiring an abatement of the 40Z. they have been caused to expend, 
and that they may be discharged of the messenger, [f p."] Under- 
written, 

51. I. Order that Mr. Buxton, late sheriff, shall see this petition 
and make answer therev/ntq, and that petitioners he dis- 
charged, hut attend again at the beginning of next term 
if i/n the m^eantime they shall not pay i/n the money in 
arrear. 'Whitehall, 25th November 1638. [I- p.] 

Nov. 25. 52. Copy of the same petition and order thereon. [1 p.] 

Nov. 26. Warrant to the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas to admit 
Thomas Parker, eldest son of Lord Morley, an infant about three 
years old, by his guardian, to suffer a recovery of Walbury farm, 
Monkbury farm, Jenkins Harpes farm, and Hallingbury Hall farm, 
together with Hatfield Park and Chase in Essex, of the yearly value 
of 437^. [Docquet.'] 

Nov. 26. "Warrant to Sir David Cunningham, receiver of his Majesty's 
revenue as Prince of Wales, to pay to Nicholas D'Aranion, ap- 
pointed to instruct in the French tongue and the art of writing the 
Princesses Mary, Elizabeth, and Anne, 601. per annum. [Bocquet.^ 

Nov. 26. A like to pay William Below 5001. in satisfaction of all arrears of 
hia pensions due till Michaelmas last. IBocquef] 

Nov. 26. Disafforestation of lands in Essex belonging to Thomas Alston, 
and a pardon for all trespasses by him committed against the forest 
laws, ipooquef] 

Nov. 26. 53. Order of the Committee of the Council of War. The Earl of 
Whitehall. Newport was prayed to speak with workmen about making 1,000 
snaphaunces all of one bore, and to see at what rate and in what 
time he can get the same performed, and to certify the same to this 
committee ; also to certify what provisions of munition are already 
sent to. Newcastle and Hull. \_I)raft. 1 p.] 

Nov. 26. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 30. ^ p.] 

Nov. 26. Petition of Bishop Davenant, of Salisbury, of Richard Bayly, Dean 
of Salisbury [and one] of youi- Majesty's chaplains in ordinary, and 
of the Chapter of the Cathedral of Salisbury, to the King, your 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 123 



jggg Vol. CCCCII. 

Majesty present in Cotmcil on 14th May 1637, for conlposing certain 
differences between petitioners and the mayor and citizens of 
Salisbury, ordered that petitioners and the chancellor of the diocese 
for the time being, and the mayor, recorder, and eleven aldermen 
should be justices of the peace within Salisbury, and you required 
the Lord Keeper to give warrant for issuing a charter accordingly, 
which order does not express any other matter than constituting 
the parties to be justices of the peace, and seems to restrain the 
Lord Keeper to that particular. Pray a charter to the Bishop of 
Salisbury, to the dean and chapter, and to the mayor and common- 
alty, for making the forenamed persons justices of peace there, and 
to require the Lord Keeper to give warraUt for such charter to be 
issued. [Copy. See Vol. cccxxiii., v. 337. i p.j Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Attorney-General to consider the above petition 
and an anneoced proposition, and inseH so much thereof 
in the charter to petUioners as he shall find fit. White- 
hall, 26th November 1638. {Copy. Ibid., p. 338. 
5 li/nes.'] 

Nov. 26. Warrant for strikmg tallies for 3,000?., paid by John Gibbon in 
part of 8,000Z., due from him to his Majesty by composition for fines 
and offences committed in the forest of Deane, which 3,000Z. was 
paid to the Earl of HoHand in part of 25,0oQl. 3s. Id., due to him 
by privy seal dated 9th April 1630. [Bocquet afterwards cancelled.'] 

Nov. 26. 54. Petition of Sir Edward Gresham to Archbishop Laud. Thomas 
Gresham, petitioner's eldest son, being not full twenty years of age, 
one Anthony Saunde":son made oath that he was at his own govern- 
ment, concealing that he was son to petitioner, and thereupon 
procured a licence for marriage between the said Thomas and one 
Margaret Wilby, niece to the said Saunderson, being deformed and 
having no portion that petitioner knows of. But your officers took 
a bond of the said Saunderson and one Henry Bray in 2001. that 
the said marriage should not be solemnized without the consent ot 
the said Thomas's parents, of which indirect practice of the said 
Saunderson, petitioner complained to the High Commission, and 
Saunderson is fined at 501. and condemned in costs. Now for that 
Saunderson has escaped with so small a punishment, petitioner 
prays that the said bond being forfeited may be assigned to peti- 
tioner, [| p.] Underwritten, 

54. I. Reference to Sir John La/mbe to give the Archbishop cm 
accov/nt of this petition. " He knows my wonted reso- 
lution in svjch businesses as these, which is, either not to 
give way at all, or to reserve one moiety for the church of 
St. Paul's. W. Cant." November 2mh, ims. [i_p.] 

Nov. 26. 55. Petition of Dame Elizabeth Leigh, of Longborough, co. 
Gloucester, widow, to the same. Petitioner has been lately served 
into the High Commission Court, and appearing on Thursday last 
took her oath to answer articles, and on Saturday last was examined 



124 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



1638. . VOL.CCCCII. 

and has put in her answer. No other misdemeanour is objected 
against petitioner, but only the laying violent hands on Jane Hill, 
a young woman in church in the time of divine service, for which 
fault petitioner has been presented by the churchwardens of Long- 
borough, and appearing before the Bishop of Gloucester, petitioner's 
ordinary, has made a commutation with him. Petitioner has since 
her examination waited three days for additionals, and none are 
yet put in. Prays that she may be dismissed, [f ^.] Under- 
written, 

.55. I. Reference to Sir John Lamhe to give the Archbishop an 
account, that further orders may be taken. November 26th, 
1638. [ip.] 

Nov. 26. 56. Dr. Peter Turner to Archbishop Laud. Solicits resolution of 
Merton College, the Archbishop, whether their divinity disputations should be con- 
[Oxford]. -(^jjjug^ until it is determined what course is to be adopted in the 
case of any one being absent when his turn comes. Those who cried 
down the statute of examination did it in ignorance that it had 
proceeded from the Archbishop, the writer hopes therefore the 
Archbishop will not pursue the inquiry after their names. Wishes 
new orders respecting the nomination of postmasters during the 
visitation. Thanks the Archbishop for his favour to Mr. Comp- 
troller's sons. [1 p.] 

Nov. 26. 57. Thomas Butler to Richard Harvey. Concerning the poor's 
Somercotes. land, cannot write fully because Sir Gervase Scrope and Sir Charles 
Powell are not in the country, who are feoffees in trust of that land. 
They and Sir Henry Radley will have a letter written after their 
coming home. Entreats Harvey to beware of Mr. Nested, who has 
many slights to smooth over his knavery. He says that the writer 
will ruin Mr. Porter's estate. That the writer desires to take the 
land that lies against the tunnel, where they suppose to be the most 
danger, is an answer. [2 pp."] 

Nov. 26. 58. John Cutteris to the same. Will repay 61. lent to Mr. Gray, 
who has signed the writings of the tithes. Your news carrier and 
liar, Mr, Tottey, is sick now. The writer will send him a letter 
shall give him a vomit and a purge. [1 ^.] 

Nov. 26. 59. Certificate of Richard Broughton. I find among the records 
remaining in the chapel of the Rolls a patent of creation, dated the 
4th March 1627-8, granted to Sir George Chaworth, to be created 
Baron Chaworth of Tryme, and Viscount Chaworth of Armagh, to 
him and his heirs male for ever. [^ p.] 

Nov. 27. The King to the Justices of the Northern Circuit. Requires them 
not to suffer John Carroll, clerk of the assize for the said circuit, to 
sell his place. Sir William Brouncker intending to prosecute him in 
the Star Chamber. [Docquet.] 

Nov. 27. Petition of Mary Barker, widow, and William Yeomans, to the 
King. Matthew Rogers, son of the said Mary, being within age, 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



125 



1638. 



Nov. 27. 

Bishop 
Auckland, 



Nov. 27. 
Westminster. 



Nov. 27. 



Vol. CCCCII. 

conveyed to her and levied a fine of the manor of Alderley, co. Glou- 
cester, held of your Majesty by knight service, without the usual 
licence, your other petitioner having been a commissioner before 
whom the fine was acknowledged. The act of petitioners was not 
done with any fraudulent intent, or any person injured thereby, but 
not knowing but that it might be legally done. They now submit 
themselves, the lands being but 20 marks per annum, and pray a 
pardon. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 12. J p.} Underwritten, 

I. Reference to Lord Cottington to certify his opinion. White- 

hall, 27th November, 1638. \Copy. Ibid. \ p.] 

II. Lord Cottington to the King. Report. There is no incon- 

venience in yawr Majesty's granting the pardon desired ; 
nevertheless petitioners should pay lOOl for the same. 
8th December 1638. [Copy. Ibid. ^ p.] 

III. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure that, petitioners paying the 

composition above mentioned, Lord Cottington is to give 
order for preparing the pardon desired. Whitehall, 
ISth December 1638. \Copy. Ibid., p. 13. ^ p.'] 

60. Bishop Morton, of Durham, to the Council. Upon view of the 
musters within this county, especially of the horse, I find such a 
defect of filling the full number of the list, as that I despair of a due 
supply except such persons as having lands in this county, and living 
in other counties (wherein they say they are charged to find horse 
for his Majesty's service), may likewise be charged proportionably to 
their lands here. [Seal with arms. | p.J 

6 1 . Edward Nicholas to Sir John Pennington. Thanks for tobacco. 
I will keep your money sent by Valen[tine] Pyne as safe as my own. 
We are full of expectation what will be the issue of the Assembly in 
Scotland, and provision is making against the worst, but we hope 
all will be quiet. Viscount Wimbledon is lateJy dead, and has lefc 
a rich young widow. Colonel Goring shall have his government of 
Portsmouth. Mrs. Bodley, a maid of honour, was married yesterday 
to Mr. Brockhurst [Brocas ?], grandchild to old Sir Pexall, of whom 
you have heard. The writs for ship-money are sent to the new 
sheriffs, but it is for but a little more than a third part of what was 
levied for that service last year. Sir William Russell is very lame of 
the gout, both in his hands and in his feet. There is a purpose to get 
Mr. Comptroller's eldest son to be joined in patent with Sir William 
EusseU for the Treasurer of the Navy's place ; but take no notice of 
this, because it is kept very secret. The King will not go this 
winter to Newmarket. [Seal with device. 1 p.] 

62. Petition of Dorothy Yates, wife of Gilbert Yates, of St. Mary 
Magdalen's, Bermondsey, to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner has been 
married 16 years, and has bad many children. She brought her 
husband 150^. portion, and has been always a great "painetaker." 
Her husband has long since wasted all their substance, and now 



126 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



^t 



Vol. CCCCII. 

addicts himself to the company of Susan King aUas Lea, a very 
lewd woman, and altogether neglects petitioner and his three 
children, and will not allow her scarce anything towards the main- 
tenance of her or theni, but spends what he gets upon the said 
Susan, and puts petitioner's clothes upon her, and grievously beats 
petitioner, and says he will have Susan home to live with him, which 
Susan had lately a child by him, as is generally reported. Forasmuch 
as petitioner formerly was referred to Dr. Merrick, but has no relief, 
she beseeches your Grace to convent her husband before you, and to 
order that petitioner may live in peace, and that her husband, who 
now by an office gets 801. per annum, may allow petitioner such 
means as shall seem meet, [f ^.] Underwritten, 

62. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to take order for the poor 
woman's relief, as he shall conceive to be just. November 
mh, 1638. [1 ^.] 

ov. 27. 63. Petition of the four children of Hugh Floyd, late Doctor in 
Divinity, deceased, to Archbishop Laud. Dr. Floyd, by wiU dated 
20th June 1629, gave his four children legacies amounting to 900Z., 
and made Cicely, his wife, executrix, who before probate thereof died, 
having by her will made John Aylmer, clerk, her executor, who 
proved both wills, and gave bond with sureties to bring in a perfect 
inventory and to pay the legacies. Since which time, upon a suit 
commenced in the Arches, and there depending five years, for 
Mr. Aylmer's not bringing a true inventory and undervaluing the 
estate 700L and upwards, a sentence passed against him of near 800Z., 
whereupon he appealed to the Court of Delegates, where the former 
sentence was confirmed, and Mr. Aylmer has stood excommunicated 
ever since Easter term last, and has paid neither legacies nor costs, 
and now there is a significavit out against him. Petitioners pray 
to have the bond assigned to them, to sue Mr. Aylmer and his sure- 
ties for breach thereof [| p.] Underwritten, 

63. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe to give the Archbishop an 

account concerni/)ig the request here made, that such order 
may be taken for the just relief of petitioners as is fitting. 
1638, November 27th. \ip.] 

Nov. 27- 64. Lord Keeper Coventry to Sec. Windebank. Sir Andrew 
Kniveton, whom his Majesty pricked to be sherifi" of co. Derby, has 
sued out his patent, so as it was sealed divers days since. I know 
not whether his Majesty has been informed so much, and therefore 
I hold it my part to acquaint you therewith, that you may acquaint 
his Majesty ; nevertheless, if his Majesty be pleased to change him, 
I have sent other names, as well such as I have received from 
the Judge of Assize as some others that from a man that knows 
that country well are held to be sufficient. Only for Sir Henry 
Willoughby, though he be a man of great estate, yet I dare not 
recommend him ; and if you call to mind how he showed himself, 
both in court and about the town, about two or three years since, 
when his Majesty recommended Sir John Suckling to have married 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 127 



Iggg Vol. CCCCII. 

his daughter, you -vnll not hold his discretion very capable of that 
office in these times. I have commanded this bearer to acquaint 
you what particular inquiry has been made of the names, that his 
Majesty may take the best. For Berkshire, I presume you know 
the county, and are able to guess who will be fittest. I have sent 
you three names certified by Justice Jones, and three others whom 
upon speech with Sir Edmund Sawyer he assured me were sufficient 
men, and Mr. Blagrave is one already in the bill ; Sir Edmund Sawyer 
tells me he is a very able man. There is one thing more I pray 
you to move his Majesty. Lord Chaworth, being pricked sherifi" of 
CO. Nottingham, has sent his son to sue out his patent, but he 
desires that whereas in the bill he is named " Georgius Chaworth, 
miles, Vicecomes de Ardmagh in regno Hibernice," he would be 
named ' ' Georgius Chaworth, miles, Baro Chaworth de Tryme et 
Vicecomes Chaworth de Armagh, in regno Hibernice," and so to 
have his full title in his patent, for which purpose he has taken a 
note out of the Eolls, which I send you herewith {see l^o. 59), and 
if you will see it amended accordingly in his Majesty's presence, that 
patent will be presently sued out. [^Seal with arms. 1| ^.] 

Nov. 27. 65. List of military officers serving in Flanders and one in Milan. 
[Endorsed by Sec. Windebank. I p^ 

Nov. 27. 66. Sir Job Harbie to Robert "Read. At the request of Thomas 
London. Myche, my brother-in-law, resident in Russia, Endymion Porter has 
moved the King for his letter to that Emperor, to let the next 
contract he makes for tar be exported thence, which being for- 
merly in the hands of the Dutch made it dear to the English. I am 
told his Majesty has granted the petition, and has referred the des- 
patch thereof to Sec. Windebank. I trouble you with these lines, 
craving your assistance to the bearer, [f p.^ 

Nov. 27. 67. Sir William Elyott and Sir Richard Onslow, deputy lieu- 
tenants of Surrey, to Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Charles 
Earl of Nottingham, and Henry Lord Maltravers, lords lieutenant. 
Certificate of the forces, as well horse as foot, withia the west divi- 
sion of the said county. The trained foot consisted of 442, the horse 
of 27. Those that are of the guard refuse to contribute towards the 
common arms, pretending privilege ; as Mr. Richard Wapshott, 
living in the parish of Chertsey and renting 100?. per annum. [The 
hundred of Godley is here left blank. 1 p.^ 

c 

[Nov. 27.] 68. The same to the same. Similar return with the hundred of 
Godley included, and various additional pai-ticulars, among them an 
account of the numbers of all the able men between 16 and 60 in 
every parish 7n the western division of Surrey, which is stated to 
be 3,183. [=^pp.] 

Nov. 28. Petition of the Master, Wardens,, and Commonalty of the Mer- 
chant Adventurers of Bristol to the King. The merchants ha-ve 
been anciently a , companyancorporated, and King Edward VI. in 



128 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCCII. 

the sixth year ot his reign incorporated them by their present name, 
which charter was confirmed by Act of Parliament in the eighth 
year of Queen Elizabeth. The company have ever since maintained 
an almshouse for ten poor sailors, and give pensions to many decayed 
merchants and seamen's widows, and maintain a schoolmaster and a 
curate. Pray for a confirmation of their former charter with certain 
additional privileges, which are here enumerated. \Gopy. See 
Vol. cccciii., p. 7. | p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Attorney'General to certify his opinion. 

Whitehall, 28th November 1638. {Copy. Ibid., p. 8. 

II. Attorney-General Banhes to the King. Report. Biscerns no 

inconvenience in the confirmation and new privileges 
solicited by the petitioners, with certain qualifications 
here set forth. 5th December 1628. [Copy. Ibid. ip.'\ 

III. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure that the Attorney-General 

prepare a bill in accordance with his opinion stated 
above, Whitehall, 6th December 1638. [Copv. Ibid. 

Nov. 28. Petition of Arthur, William, Agnes, and Barbara Barclay, nephews 
and nieces of the late Earl of Carlisle, to the King. The said late 
Earl stands indebted to petitioners about 5,000?. by bond. Their 
suit is that the feoSees in trust of the said late Earl shall, before 
the surrender of their charge to the now Earl, give sufficient assur- 
ance to petitioners for payment of the said debt, or be bound to give 
satisfaction to petitioners, who of all others, in respect of their 
consanguinity with the said Earl and his absolute bond, ought to be 
first satisfied. [Copy. See Vol. cccxxiii., p. 338. i p.J Under- 
written, 

I. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure that the feoffees in trust shall 
not surrender their interest in the estate of the said Earl 
till the petitioners be satisfied. Whitehall, 28th November 
1638. [Copy. Ibid. ^ p.} 

Nov. 28. 69. Deputy Lieutenants of Devon to Francis Earl of Bedford and 
Exeter. William Lord Kussell, Lords Lieutenant. Letters of the Lords 
Lieutenant and of the Council had been received on the 24!th inst., 
and on the 27th the writers assembled and dispersed the enclosed 
orders. The trained bands are in a reasonable readiness. They can 
hardly fill up the number of horse, their country being neither so 
fit for breed nor for use of good ones as others are. The exemption 
of the clergy and of so many corporate towns, which formerly fur- 
nished both foot and horse, makes it not a little difficult to com- 
plete the number of arms in the trained bands. Untrained men 
they have store, and they are listed under captains, but of arms 
for them they can yield no good accouut. The magazines are 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 129 



J 638. Voi,.CCCCII. 

indifferently well stored. After the next muster they shall be ready 
to yield a more exact account. [Seal with arms, f p.} Enclosed, 

69. I. Order of the Deputy Lieutenants appointing the 11th De- 
cember/or a muster of all the trained forces of the counts/, 
namvng the place of rendezvous formerly assigned to each 
regiment, also whither the colonels and captains were to 
repair when the beacons were fired, and directing the 
colonels io take an exact view of the several county maga- 
zines, to procure lists of able untrained men, with an 
account of what spare arms were in store for their 
suiiply, and also to make returns upon other customary 
points of inquiry. Exeter, 27th IVovember 1 638. [Copy. 

Up.] 

69. II. The Deputy Lieutenants to Roger Gifford, Baldivin Ack- 
land, and Andrew Roope. Appointment as Provost 
Marshals for apprehending vagrant and idle persons, 
and those who commit insolencies and outrages. Exeter, 
28th November 1638. {Copy, f ^.] 

69. III. The same to the constables of the several hundreds. To 

give attention to the state of the beacons, and to assist the 
colonels and captains in the muster of the trained troops, 
in procuring lists of the able men between 16 and 60, 
and in vieiving the spare arms. Exeter, 28th November 
1638. \Gopy. 1 p.] 

Nov. 28. 70. Petition of Capt. Henry Bell to the Council. Sir William 
Recher, since December 1637, has held petitioner in hand with many 
fair promises to despatch his busiaess, yet, quite contrary thereto, he 
has of late much wronged petitioner with threatening words, and 
has invented a wicked evasion concerning the Elector of Branden- 
burg's letters of safe-conduct which by your directions petitioner 
sent him in Decembej'last, as appears by a message which Sir William 
sent petitioner by a gentleman of Scotland, Mr. James Crichton. 
Petitioner prays the Lords, in open court in Star Chamber or in 
private at Council Board, to take a speedy trial of his cause, and 
that he may receive severest punishment or lawful relief [Copy. 
•| p^ Underwritten, 

70. I. Message of Sir Willia/m Becker sent to petitioner the 

10th inst. That the Elector of Brandenburg's safe-conduct 
makes quite against petitioner, and shows that he is rather 
guilty than otherivise ; and that, as a knave, he has 
cheated the Lords and sJmll rot in prison, and let him 
take heed lest he come to public shame, if he surcease not 
his suit. [Copy. \p^ 
70. II. Answer of Capt. Henry Bell to tlie message of Sir William 
Becher. The letters of safe-conduct were despatched in an 
extraordi/nary ma/nner. Very seldom, except such as 
concerned husiness of great weight, tvere any such letters 

13. I 



130 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



jggg Vol. CCCCn. 

signed by the Prince Elector's own hand, but commonly 
his name subscribed by his secretary. These were sub- 
scribed by the Prince, and in a particular sort, na/mely, 
thus " Mp." signifying " Manu propria," which manner of 
subscription was a certain denotation to all States of 
Geronany that it was done by the Prince himself, which 
by experience I foundj in ail 'places where I came and 
showed them, being everywhere in particular manner 
received and speedily furthered. SirWilliam Becher says 
I am a knave. I answer that I am as honest as the skin 
between Sir Willia^m Becher's brows, which 1 will maJce 
good, with his Majesty's permission, with my sword, as 
hejits a soldier. Neiiher have I cheated the Lords, but 
have done his Majesty true service, and disbursed more 
than 5,000?., which most unjustly has been detained from 
me ; by reason whereof my wife and tivo young infants 
miserably were destroyed. If I be guilty of the crimes 
whereivith I am charged in the bill against m,e in the 
Star Chamber, I will not refuse to lie and rot in pnson, 
but as I am guiltless I cannot surcease from pursuing 
my lawful suit, until my cause be brought to a legal 
hearing. Sir William Becher having abused me in this 
manner, I have cause to suspect tfiat he is one of those 
who have falsely accused me, and that my petitions {above 
200), wherein I have called for seven years together only 
for justice, have been kept back from, the sight of the Lords, ' 
for 1 never could obtain to be called before them, nor for 
three years past I have not received so much as an answer 
to any of my petitions. [4| pp.] 

Nov. 28. 71. Sir William Russell to Nicholas. I have sent for George 
Tower Street. Fletcher, merchantj concerning the saltpetre, whose answer to me 
is, that there was brought from Barbary about 18 tons, whereof 
12 tons belong to Mr. Olobery and others, the Old Adventurers, 
and the remainder to the New Adventurers. It cannot be afforded 
under 21, per cwt., in respect of the charge of bringing it from 
Morocco to Saphia, as also many other charges without which the 
trade cannot subsist. They desire a speedy answer, for it has long 
been on their hands and [is] subject to waste. \_Seal with arms. 
Ip.] 

Nov. 28. 72, Thomas Smith to Sir John Pennington. Honest Vail. 
Queen Street. [Valentine Pyne ?] so soon as he came to town favoured me with a 
visit, and being now upon return I would not let him depart without 
a line or two. I will carefully perform all your commands. I will 
write weekly by the Sandwich post. The particulars concerning 
the ship that is to go for Spain I wiU be very mindful of. The 
Lord Admiral's infirmity continues, but with some abatement ; he 
commanded me to present his love, and to let you know that you 
will very shortly hear from him concerning orders coming to you 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 131 



1638. Vol. CCCCH. 

from other hands ; likewise that the boatswain's place of the Ninth 
Whelp in Ireland is fallen void, and that if the man whom you. 
formerly recommended has a mind to go thither, he will bestow it 
upon him. The command of Portsmouth is given to Colonel Goring. 
The business of Scotland is said to go much better; nevertheless we 
go on raising an army of 10,000 foot and 2,000 horse. The Earl 
Marshal is designed to be general ; the Earl of Essex, general of 
the horse ; and Sir Jacob Astley, sergeant major general. [Seal 
with arms. 2 pf?^ 

Nov. 28. 73. Confession of Thomas Thorne made this day to Archbishop 
Laud. Aboiit five years ago heard Edward Pimmerton, of Oak- 
field, Berks, say to Thomas Woodcocks, of Shingfield, Wilts, that 
on the death of Pimmerton's master, Thomas Smith, there was 
found as much plate of Queen Elizabeth's as Woodcocks' best team 
could carry. Pimmerton, before he came to Smith, was a very 
poor man, but now rents about 4()Z. a year of Woodcocks. A maid, 
who lived with Smith and who died last summer, said that he had 
abundance of great bowls, chargers, basons, and ewers, spoons worth 
40s. apiece, &c. Smith had a brother, a sergeant in the court of 
Queen Elizabeth, and about a year after the Queen's death there 
Avent down to Reading two great trunks iron-bound, which Thorne 
saw when they were brought into the house of Robert Maltesse, 
who is living, as likewise his wife and Ann Watlington his maid. 
These trunks were so heavy that they had six bargemen to help to 
" wrench " them into the entry. William Smith has a son now 
living, named like his father, who is reputed to be worth 30,000Z. 
He lives with Mr. Welden, of Pangbourne. [1 p.] Annexed, 

73. I. Archbishop Laud to Sec. Windebank Thinks fit to dismiss 
the old' man horns since he has told all the business. 
Wishes to speak tuith the Secretary before he enters further 
into the business. [Seal with arms. ^ p.'] 

Nov. 28. Henry Earl of Holland to Andrew Treswell, surveyor-general of 
woods on this side Trent, Richard Willis, Thomas Beale, and James 
Crump. Warrant for felling certain coppices in Grafton Park, in 
Whittlewood and Salcey Forests, co. Northampton, certified by the 
Earl of Northampton, master of the game in the forest of Whittle- 
wood, Sir John Wake, Lieutenant of the Forest of Salcey, Richard 
Hancox, deputy keeper of Grafton Park, and the said Richard 
Willis and Thomas Beale, wood-wards of the said county, as fit for 
his Majesty's profit to be fallen. [Minute. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., 
p. 31. lip.} 

Nov. 29. The King to John Hawtrey, George Corbett, and Roger Corbett. 
Lease of a messuage and lands in North Lynn, West Lynn, and 
Clenchwarton, Norfolk, which, being extended for the debts of Ralph 
Allen and William Allen, were heretofore demised to William 
Cockaine and others under the yearly rent of 16s. 8d.; but the 
interest of those lands being now come to Hawtrey and Corbett, 

I 2 



132 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 



tliey have surrendered up their right, and his Majesty re-grants the 
premises to them for such time as they ought to be in his hands, ,by 
reason of the extent, reserving a yearly rent of 16s. 8d. \pocquet.] 

Nov. 29. Warrant to pay to Basil Viscount Fielding 1,000Z. for his extra- 
ordinary charges in transporting himself as his Majesty's ambassador 
extraordinary from Savoy to Venice. [Docquet.'] ' 

Nov. 29. Grant to Thomas Potts of the newly erected office for surveying 
and sealing foreign silks, with a fee of 4(i. for every piece sealed, for 
31 years. [Docquet.] 

Nov. 29. Grant to Nicholas Crispe and Eoger Charnock of the office of col- 
lector of imposts in Chichester, Southampton, Poole, Exeter, Dart- 
mouth, Plymouth, Fowej, Bristol, Bridgwater, Chester, Cardiff, 
M.ilford, and Gloucester, with the yearly fee of 2001. [Docquet.] 

Nov. 29. 74. Petition of William Symonds, Joseph Symonds, George 
Pickering, and Richard Gibbs, goldsmiths, to Sec. Windebank. On 
complaint of Thomas Violett the Council granted a warrant against 
petitioners, who have been in custody of several messengers ever 
since Friday last, and by an order of the Board they are debarred 
to buy or sell any gold or silver in the office to their great damage. 
They and sundry witnesses have been examined before Sir William 
Becher, Justice Whitaker, and Edward Johnson. They have pre- 
pared their petition to the Board either to be discharged when Sir 
William Becher and the rest have been reported, or set at liberty 
upon security to appear and answer such matters as shall be objected 
against them. Pray the Secretary's furtherance of their request to 
the Board, [f p.] 

Nov. 30. Presentation of Dr. Drayton to the vicarage of Terrington, Norfolk, 
void by death, and in his Majesty's gift pleno jure. [Docquet] 

Nov. 30. A like of John Featly, M.A., to the rectory of Langor, in the 
diocese of York, [Langar, co. Nottingham,] void by death, and in 
his Majesty's gift by the minority of Ambrose Pudsey, his Majesty's 
ward. [Docquet.] 

Nov. 30. Dispensation for Dr. Wren to hold the parsonage of Haseley, in 
the diocese of Oxford, together with Bishop's Knoyle, in the diocese 
of Salisbury, with a clause of permutation. [Docquet] 

Nov. 30. Licence for Charles Bartlett, eldest son of Lord Bartlett, to travel 
beyond sea with his tutor and four servants for three years. 
[Docquet] 

Nov. 30. 75. Petition of parishioners of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, inhabiting 
that part of Covent Garden assigned to the new chapel there, to the 
King. Upon the overture of the Earl of Bedford to his Majesty, 
touching building Covent Garden, one argument used by him for 
licence to build was, that he would erect a church for th6 inhabitants 
there, and for the ease of the mother church of St. Martin. The Earl 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 133 



1638. 



Vot. CCCCII. 

also promised the first undertakers of Covent Garden that he would 
build a church and settle 1001. per annum for a lecturer there, and 
that lie would erect a beautiful structure in the middle of the piazza, 
whereupon his Majesty's statua should be placed in brass, and the 
said building to be compassed with a fair iron grate ; and he also 
promised to pave the piazza and enlarge the ways in and out of 
Covent Garden, whereupon the buildings were cheerfully undertaken 
and finished. A chapel (for wanting a steeple and bells it cannot 
properly be called a church) being built, the Earl now recedes from 
his first proposition to the inhabitants in these particulars : — 1. The 
chapel is defectively built, and cannot be timbered and leaded, as it 
ought, for less than 1,500?., and the Earl expects petitioners should 
take it so defective in the present, and repair it for the future. 
2. The Earl having built an altar, font, pews, pulpit, and other 
necessaries in the chapel, demands near 1,200?. of petitioners for his 
reimbursement. 3. The inhabitants will necessarily be compelled to 
build a steeple, and to furnish it with a clock and bells, which will 
cost above 2,000 marks, which petitioners conceive the Earl ought 
to have done. All which disbursements will amount to above 4,000?. 
Forasmuch as his Majesty's intentions when he granted licence to 
build are only known to himself, and therefore he is the fittest to 
judge of these diiferences, and, besides these demands of the Earl, 
petitioners wUl be subject to charges in respect both of the mother 
church and this chapel, petitioners pray that the inhabitants may 
not pay for the things already given, and that the Earl may be 
enjoined to perform all the particulars before mentioned to have 
been promised by him, he being so vast a gainer by the multitude 
of houses that are there built. [Eighty -tivo signatures under- 
im^itten. 1 f.^ Endorsed, 

75. I. Reference to Archbishop Laud and Lord Treasurer Juxon 
to settle some good course herein, or to certify his Majesty 
what they hold Jit to be done. Whitehall, 20th Noveviber 
1638. [6 lines^^ 

75. II. Afpointnient of the referees to hear this business on this 
day sennight, hth December 1638. [4 lines.'] Annexed, 

75. III. Order of the Lords Referees requiring the vestry of the 
chapelry in Covent Garden to meet, and the vicar to be 
with them if he please, and to consider the subscriptions 
to the preceding petition, and to examine how many of 
the best of the inhabitants who are householders, and how 
•many of those who contracted with the Earl of Bedford 
have subscribed the same, and to certify the same to the 
Lords, with the oiames of such as have not subscribed. 
12th December 1638. [| p.] 

75. IV. The vestry of the chapelry of Covent Garden to the Council. 
Certifieate that 87 of the inhabitants within the said 
chapelry have subscribed the petition above calendared, of 
which niwiber some few are gentlemen, and the rest 



134 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 

tradesmen, and only George Hulhert a contractor with 
the Earl of Bedford. There are 270 inhabitants of the 
sa,id chapelry that have not subscribed the said petition 
whose names are mentioned in a schedule annexed. 
2Qth December 1638. [Signed by Sir Edmund Verney, Sir 
John Brooke, Charles Herbert, Adrian Scrope, Sir 
William Russell, and 10 others. = 2 pp^ Annexed, 

75. IV. i. Nam,es of 272 inhabitants of Oovent Garden who have 

not subscribed and approved the petition above 
m,entioned. [2f pp.^ 

Nov. 30. 76. Petition of Thomas Priest, clerk, to the King. Your Majesty, 
on petition of petitioner, referred his complaint to Dr. Heylyn and 
Dr. Rowlandson, two of your chaplains, who have called before them 
Richard Fielder, the party whom it concerns, and endeavoured a 
peaceable end, which Fielder will not yield unto, and thereof they have 
made certificate. As the wrong done is prejudicial to your Majesty 
and the Church, as well as to petitioner, who has lost his living after 
a suit of seven years to his undoing, he prays that the Archbishop of 
Canterbury and the Earl of Manchester may set down such order as 
they shall think fit. \jOopy. \ j3.] Undervjritten, 

76. I. Reference to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord 

Keeper, and the Lord Privy Seal, to take order for right- 
ing the Church and relieving petitioner. Whitehall, 
mth November 1638. [a ^.] 

76. II. Appointment by the referees for hearing this business on 
2'Znd May next. Srd "April 1639. [} p.] 

Nov. 30. 77. Jo[hn] Dowell to Sir Henry Vane. I lately intimated by 
London. Mr. Cordall [Cordewell] that one Baber has a powder mill in the 
suburbs of Bristol, and makes about 2 cwt. a week, and that much 
more is covertly brought into the town, and there vended as issued 
from the stores of his Majesty at 2s. 6d. the pound. If a commission 
of inquiry be directed to Ezekiel Wallis, now mayor, Humphrey 
Hooke, alderman, James Dyer, town clerk, with some others, they 
may render you a very good account in the discovery of the unlawful 
making and retailing of powder and saltpetre. [1 p.] 

Nov. 30. 78. Captain William Legge to Montjoy Earl of Newport. Here is 
Hull. a ship arrived with part of Sir Jacob Astley's arms ; they are landed, 
but not yet viewed, and the master of the ship has brought me a 
letter from Capt. Hall, who commands the Adventure, wherein I 
am charged with the payment of the freight, and a greater sum 
than usually is paid for such a proportion. The moneys in my hands 
I am not by my instructions to disburse for freight, nor can I think 
Capt. Hall's directions a good warrant, and therefore I have made 
stay of the payment until I hear from you, I beseech your speedy 
direction, and whether I may not wait on you this Christmas to 
give an account of my service, seeing the rest of the Dutch provisiona 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 135 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 



will not come before that time. [Endorsed by Sec. Windebank, 
" Delivered to me the Mh December." 1 p.'] 

Nov. 30. 79. Philip Burlamachi to Sec. Windebank. As to the sum I owe 
to the Queen's servants, I am astonished they have troubled his 
Majesty. They know that the money for their payment is in the 
Exchequer, and that it is for their advantage that I delay paying 
them. I know this importunity comes from some of them who would 
draw out of my hands a debt of 5,000Z., which the late Earl of 
Carlisle owed me, for 1,300L I have treated a long time with £he 
administrators of the said Earl, but without obtaining any satisfac- 
tion, unless I will relinquish all my interest, which seems to me 
unreasonable, as the Earl received the money which he owes me more 
than ten years ago from his Majesty. To avoid that loss I have peti- 
tioned his Majesty that, as he paid the said Earl all the charges of his 
embassy in 1628 and 1629, and my money was used for the purposes 
of that embassy bj^ his Majesty's command, he will use his autho- 
rity with the administrators that they shall pay me the principal and 
interest which have been so long detained from me. The request 
has been shown this morning to Sir John Wintour, secretary to the 
Queen, and is in the hands of Lord Goring, to be communicated to 
the administrators ; but on Monday next I will come myself to show 
it to Lord Goring, with the King's letter and the obligation of the Earl. 
I am glad that the importunity of Mens. Coignet, who wishes to get 
that debt into his hands for 1,300?. which I owe him, has given me 
occasion to explain this business to you. [French. 2 pj?.] 

Nov. 80. The King to Lord William Howard. We have observed your 

care of those parts in these stirring times, which we interpret as an 
argument of your true affection to us, and shall be ready upon all 
occasions to make appear how much we value it. We doubt not 
but you will continue to advance our service as well by your own 
vigilancy and provision of arms, as by using all ineans to secure 
those bordering parts by causing others to provide anything 
necessary for our service and their own defence. [Copy. J 'p.'] 

Nov. 81. George Viscount Chaworth to the King, It is " cumd " to me 

that your Majesty has pricked me your vicecomes Nottlnghamice, 
which title, until the frequency of Parliaments tied the nobility to 
attend on them, did fall on men of the best quality, and had that 
course continued the best subject should not hold it a disparagement. 
But the case is so changed as the choice of me to this can (in common 
opinion) be no other than a mark of your displeasure, and a shadow- 
ing, if not a defacing, of your regal act in ray creation, of which 
your ancestors have been so tender, that when all other their acts 
were resumed, their creations and coins were maintained. If your 
Majesty has been possessed that I am but Irish, and that so many 
of us are in that title as it leaves you no choice of gentry for that 
service, I beseech you give me leave to inform you that we that 
reside in England are only 17 in 50 shires of England, and not two 
of us in any one shire. For this county, here is only myself of the Irish 



136 "DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 



and four English earls and their sons, and how few these be ia 
comparison of the gentry all men know. I that am_but clay in your 
hands, most humbly prostrate myself at your feet, and whether you 
ordain me to honour or dishonour, I shall always be your most devoted 
servant. [2 pp.] 

Nov. 82. Copy of the same. [1 p.] 

[Nov ?] 83. Petition of the .Filazers of the Court of Common Pleas to the 

King. Recite declaration of the King's pleasure for impannelling 
juries to inquire as to fees taken by the officers of the courts, 
contained in letter of Sec. Windebank to the Lord Keeper, already 
calendared under date of the 7th October last. No. 17. The fees of 
the officers of the Court of Common Pleas have been inquired into 
accordingly. Pray the King to signify his pleasure to some of the 
Council that the proceedings may be produced before them and 
settled according to tlie ancient course. [|- ^J.] 

[Nov.] 84. Petition of John Marston, owner, Thomas Lenthall, Hum- 

phrey Oneby, Thomas Briggs, Robert Lovett, and others, merchants, 
laders in the Hopewell, bound for Spain, to the same. The said 
ship, being bound for Spain with 100,000 weight of tobacco bought 
of your Majesty's agents, was stayed in the Downs the 1st inst. by 
Sir John Pennington according to a signification from Sec. Coke 
upon surmises by the Barbary Company. Upon petition to the 
Council the Lords after examination were of opinion that the stay 
was altogether causeless, and that petitioners had sustained great 
damage thereby, and gave order for release and such damages as the 
Judge of the Admiralty should think fit. Since that order the ship 
is again stayed. Pray order for release with damages ; or that 
your Majesty's agents may receive again the tobacco from peti- 
tioners. [I p.] 

[Nov.] 85. Reasons why the owners and laders of the Hopewell mentioned 

in the preceding article do not enter into bond [not to trade into 
Barbary]. They prefer for the reasons here stated to discharge their 
ship, and pray as above that the King's agents may receive again 
their tobacco. [1 p.] 

[Nov.] 86. Petition of Henry Kyme and Thomas Welsh, messengers of 

the Chamber, to the Council. Have been sent several times with war- 
rants to [Earl's] Barton, co. Northampton, for Edmund James, Thomas 
Haynes, Robert Wade [Ward], Thomas Blewett, and Francis Freeman, 
of Wilby ; but notwithstanding their best endeavours they never 
could apprehend the persons sought after. Forasmuch as Francis 
Freeman, one of the delinquents before mentioned, is in custody of 
Sergeant Francis, and petitioners are out a great sum of money in 
journeying four times in that service, they desire order that Freeman 
before he be discharged may satisfy them for their fees and charges. 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 137 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCII. 



[Nov.] 87. Petition of John Santie, one of the messengers of the Cham- 

ber, to the Council. On the 19th October last you required Nehemiah 
Kawson, of Birkwood, co. Lincoln, to pay petitioner 51. for fees, or 
attend the Board on "Wednesday then next. He attended, but not 
being heard presently departed, and has not since attended nor paid 
petitioner. Prays order to Kawson to pay the 5L or answer his 
contempt, [f p.] 

[Nov.] 88. Petition of John Powell, one of the sergeants-at-arms, to the 

same. Petitioner was appointed by warrant of 8th September last 
to take into custody Sir Alexander Denton, late sheriff of co. Buck- 
ingham, concerning the neglect of his service in collecting ship- 
money. Petitioner repaired to him, and gave him his best assistance 
for performing the service, and afterwards attended him to give 
account to the Board. After which, on 20th October last, the Lords 
gave liberty to Sir Alexander, to repair into the country for per- 
fecting that service, not to be discharged out of custody, but only to 
be at liberty without petitioner's company. Sir Alexander having 
been at least six weeks in custody, petitioner prays that he may 
receive reasonable satisfaction. [| p.] 

[Nov.] 89. Petition of John Pattenson, of Westward, near Carlisle, to the 

same. In Trinity term 1637, petitioner was directed by Mr. Ser- 
geant Glanville and others of counsel with Francis Lord Dacre, to 
enter into the manor of Dacre in Cumberland, and to take a distress 
to try Lord Dacre's title to the said manor. In September 1637, 
petitioner in legal manner distrained accordingly, and the tenants 
rescued the distress, whereupon he was forced to take several dis- 
tresses, which were all forcibly rescued. The tenants also pro- 
cured petitioner to be examined for the said entries, 1st, on 18th 
January 1637, at the Quarter Sessions ; 2nd, in the Star Chamber ; 
3rd, before the justices of assize ; and lastly they procured petitioner 
to enter into a recognizance with sureties to appear before the Lords 
on the morrow of St. Martin last. Petitioner appeared accordingly, 
but not the informers, or any on their behalf. Prays discharge of 
his recognizances, and from further attendance, and an award of 
damages and costs, [f p.] 

[Nov.?] 90. Opinion of Sir Edward Littleton, Solicitor-General. In ac- 
cordance with an order of the 4th inst. he had perused the charters 
of the cathedral and city of Lichfield, and was of opinion that 
the cathedral and close were wholly within the county of Stafford 
and not within the city or county of Lichfield. [^ p.] 

[Nov.] 91- Act of homage performed by John Towers, D.D., on his elec- 

tion and confirmation as Bishop of Peterborough. [13 lines on slip 
of parcliinent.'] 

'Nov.J 92. Petition of Edward Bridge, of Colchester, post, and "William 

*" Gore, of Ipswich, carrier, to Sec. Windebank. A packet of letters 

sent by the Secretary to Ise conveyed to Yarmouth was brought by 

the post of Witham to petitioner Bridge's house in his absence. His 

wife sent away the packet by post to Harwich, being told it was 



138 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. ^«^- ^^^^"- 

directed thither. The Mayor of Harwich sent it back by the bearer, 
and the horse was so tired he could not go to Yarmouth, and as she 
could not hire another horse (the horses being then employed in 
service to entertain the Queen-Mother), she sent the packet by 
petitioner Gore, an illiterate man, who then lodged in Colchester, 
to be delivered to the post of Ipswich. He refused to receive it, for 
that it was not brought by the post, whereupon Gore brought it 
baok to Bridge's house, who was then also absent. Petitioners by 
the Secretary's command being put into Newgate pray enlargement. 

Nov. 93. The King to Bishop Morton, of Durham. The late Dean of 

Durham [Dr. Richard Hunt] has suffered both his houses, especially 
that in the country, (from which by reason of his infirmity he had 
been absent many years), to fall into great decay, and is dead of a 
mean estate and in debt, so that we doubt his successor, whomsoever 
we shall be pleased to name, will hardly get sufficient eatisfaction 
for these great dilapidations. The dean, by the custom of that 
church, is to have the profits of his place for a year after his death, 
which is to go to his executors, who if the estate be mean, will 
hardly be brought to pay back any sufficient part towards these 
dilapidations. We require the sub-dean and prebends to lay up 
that money which belongs to the dean's executors till we have 
named a successor, and he shall have taken order to secure the 
dilapidations ; and we require you to take care of this business, 
and to see that these letters be transcribed into the register book, 
that they and you may be witnesses of our royal care of the good of 
that church. [Draft in the handwriting of William Dell, with 
alterations hy Sec. WindebanJc. 1 p."] 

Nov. 94. [Thomas Collard to Richard Harvey.] Prays him once more 

to write to Lord Chief Justice Finch on behalf of Edward Luttrell's 
cause, which is to be heard at the common bench bar the second 
day of Michaelmas term, it being a fourth cause upon an ejectione 
firmoe, where Richard Grant is plaintiff for Luttrell, and John Ley 
defendant. [^ p.'] 

[Nov.] Q5. Rent-bill, showing the half-year's rent due to the manor of 

Allfarthing, [Surrey,] at Michaelmas 1638, total 157^- lis. 

Nov. 96. Brief in a suit in the Court of Arches of Greenwood versus 

Thomas Ingram, of Norwich, and Susan his wife, for incontinency 
during the life-time of Thomas Ingram's former wife. [9 pp^ 

Nov. 97. Account of fees [paid on privy seals?] during Michaelmas 

term, 1638. [i ^.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 139 



^ggg Vol. CCCCIII. November 1638. 

Nov. Book of Entries of Petitions presented to his Majesty with the 

answers retui'ned thereto. The entries in this book will be found 
calendared in their proper chronological order, with a reference in 
every case to the particular page in this volume on which the entry 
of the petition calendared will be found. [482 pp., of which 248 are 
blank.] 



_„^ Vol. CCGCIV. December 1-31, 1638. 

1638, 

Dec. I. 1. The King to [George] Kensham [of Tempsford, co. Bedford]. 

We understand you have a daughter, your only child. It will be 
pleasing to us that you take into consideration Thomas Windebank, 
eldest son to Sir Francis Windebank, whom we think a fit match 
for your daughter, both in regard of the place which his father 
holds, and in respect of the education and disposition of the young 
gentleman. For his fortune, a servant so near us cannot but im- 
prove it daily, and we shall be ready to advance it. [Copy, in the 
handwriting of Sec. Windebank, of a draft already calendared in 
Vol. ccclxxvii., N'o. 134. | p.'] 

Dec. 1 . 2. Petition of Sir Lionel Tollemache to the Lords of the Admiralty. 

Petitioner has for many years been vice-admiral of Suffolk, and has 
yearly accounted in the Admiralty for all droits, and for better exe- 
cution of that office has allowed the judge of the said vice-admiralty 
and the under officers the fourth part of the moiety of the droits 
belonging to him. About two years since, there being a ship 
driven ashore near Packsted [Pakefield ?], Suffolk, the same was 
seized by the judge and other officers, and by decree of the Court of 
Admiralty sold as periiura and the money returned into that court, 
and by sentence lately given there is adjudged to his Majesty SSOl., 
the moiety whereof he conceives belongs to him by virtue of his 
said office. Prays warrant to the Registrar of the Admiralty Court 
to pay him the moiety of the SSOl. [f p.] Underwritten, 

2. I. Reference to Sir Henry Marten, Judge of the Admiralty, 
to certify the Lords what he has known done in the like 
case and conceives just in this particular. Whitehall, 
\st December 1638, [1 p.] 

Dec. 1. 3. Copy of the preceding petition and reference, and of Sir Henry 

Marten's report. He conceives it just that the petitioner should 
have the moiety petitioned for, deducting 40?. which the judge and 
registrar of his vice-admiralty have formerly had out of those moneys 
for their pains taken in that business. 6th February 1638-9. 



140 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



,„.-,o Vol. CCCCIV. 

Dec. 1. Abstract of the foregoing petition with a copy of the reference. 

[Vol. cccliii., p. 111. 1 p.] 

Dec. 1. Petition of Edmund Ludlow and Edward Manning, fee-farmers 

of Wakeswood in the forest of Chute, Hants, and farmers of all the 
coppices in Finkley Walk, within the same forest, to Henry Earl of 
Holland. Robert Noyes, tenant of petitioners, was at the Swain- 
mote held 9th June 1635 convicted for assarting seven acres, parcel 
of Wakeswood, and at the Justice Seat held 3rd October following 
was fined 10^. for the same, at which Justice Seat petitioners put in 
their claim to hold Wakeswood disafforested, whereupon all further 
proceedings ought to have stayed till the claim had been tried. 
Nevertheless, not only those seven acres assarted ( [but] by a fur- 
ther mistake) 127 acres of Wakeswood have been seized into the 
King's hands. Fines also were set at the Justice Seat aforesaid for 
offences committed in the coppices aforesaid, viz., 201. for the offence 
of one Christmas in Derman Coppice ; IQl. for James late Earl of 
Marlborough in Waiting Yoake Coppice ; 101. for the offence of 
William Ashburnham in Nuthell Coppice ; 10?. for his offence in 
Pound Coppice and Ragg Coppice ; 40s. in Ewtree Coppice ; 40s. in 
Lowdes Coppice; 40s. in Smonnell Coppice ; and lOl. for the offence 
of Thomas Dowse and Arthur Swain in the Ridges, and all the said 
coppices have thereupon been seized into his Majesty's hands. As 
Wakeswood would have appeared upon trial to have been dis- 
afforested, and not at all liable to fine or seizure, and for that the 
seizure thereof has been made contrary to the order of the Justice 
Seat, and upon a great mistake of the quantity, and for that the 
offences done in the coppices of Finkley were done not by petitioners, 
but long before they had any interest therein, by others against 
whom they have no remedy, they pray you to mitigate those fines, 
and to give direction to Mr. Keeling, that upon payment of moderate 
fines as you shall now assess, those seizures may be discharged. 
[Copy. See Vol. ccdxxxiv., p. 48. \\ p.'] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to Mr. Keeling to certify the true state of the fines 

mentioned above. 1st December 1G38. [Copy. Ibid., 
p. 49. \ P-] 

II. John Keeling to Henry Earl of Holland. Upon view of the 

Iter rolls, I find thatthe fine of Thomas Doivse and Arthur 
Swain, expressed in the petition to be 101., is 4>0l. ; the 
rest are as stated. All the fines are imposed, and there- 
fore the lands are all seized into his Majesty's hands. 
The offence com/mitted in Walcesluood was only in seven 
acres thereof, but Wakeswood being an entire thing the 
whole is seized, as I conceive it ought to be. The seizure 
of Wakeswood is not contrary to any order made at the 
Justice Seat, for albeit there was an order for stay of 
process where any party had put in a claim to discharge 
himself of any fine, yet the order was further, that when 
any tenants were to be discharged by such claim, the 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 141 



1(338. . Vol. CCCCIV, 

tenants' naines ware to he expressed upon oath, and de- 
livered to the Clerk of the Iter, which was not done by the 
petitioners, and the claim being made in the petitioners' 
names I could not stay process against Noyes. For the 
seizures of the rest of the coppices petitioners only allege 
that the offences for which the fines are set vjere covimitted 
before petitionees had any interest therein. {Copy. See 
Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 50. 1 p^ 

III. Henry Earl of Holland to John Keeling. The petitioners 
having failed through their neglect to prosecute their claim, 
yet the pretence of the said claivu still remaining, I am 
content to mitigate the fines set upon Robert Noyes to 51., 
petitioners paying the same to the Receiver of the Iter, 
and therefore you are not to enter the seizure upon the 
roll. iSth March 1638[-9. Copy. Ibid., p. 51. ^ p.] 

[Dec. 1 ?] 4. Petition of Thomas Infeild, clerk, to Archbishop Laud. Pe- 
titioner was admitted by licence from your Grace to serve the cure 
of St. Peter's in Artleborough [Irthlingborough], in the diocese of 
Peterborough, the curate being lately deceased, who (as all his pre- 
decessors have been) was licensed by the Bishop. Since, William 
Crane, clerk, is super-licensed by you to serve the same cure at the 
nomination of Lord Vaux, you not remembering, as petitioner be- 
lieves, that petitioner was placed to be curate there. Prays the 
Archbishop to order the premises as shall seem fit. [^ p.] tinder- 
written, 

4. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe and Dr. Heath to hear this 
difference between the two curates, and to give the Arch- 
bishop an account, that thereupon final order may be 
taken. IQSS, December I, [i j5.] 

Dec. 1. 5. Bishop Bridgeman, of Chester, to the same. I have delivered 

Chester. your letter to our dean and chapter forbidding them to let any 
part of the abbey court to a brewer and maltster (see Vol. cccc.. 
No. 118). I owe you for this as much as my health and perhaps 
my life comes to. Ever since my being bishop of this see, wliich is 
now almost 20 years, I have scarce had a month's health together 
whilst I lived at Chester, by means of the smoke and other annoy- 
ances which came thereby. Once more I crave your advice in a 
business which more nearly concerns the public. The mayor of 
Chester and his brethren have discontinued from our cathedral ser- 
vice about 12 years together till this last year, when an ingenious 
merchant, who had sometime been a chorister and grammar scholar 
of our church, brake that schism, and came diligently to our choir 
every Sunday, and there continued till service and sermon were 
ended. But he sat in the seat on the south side of the choir door 
over against the dean's seat, as all his predecessors have always 
done, the prebendaries sitting half of them next the dean, and the 
other half next the mayor, and after them the aldei-men and other 



142 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



1638. 



Dec. 1. 

Whitehall. 



Dec. 1. 
Burderop. 



Vol. CCCCrV. 

gentlemen. But, on a sudden, our dean commanded the sub-sextons 
to keep the mayor out of that seat, whereupon he and his successor 
have since abandoned our choir service, so as we shall have scarce 
five lay persons present besides the consistory and my family, 
whereas formerly the whole city came to it. It is such an unsea- 
sonable quarrel for these times (and, as I hear, is taken notice of in 
Scotland) as I would have it sopited, if you thought fit to write to 
me a private letter signifying that you hold io meet that the mayor 
shall sit as his predecessors have ever done, until upon hearing of 
both sides other order be taken, or if you command me to see 
things ordered as may prevent confusion I will be accountable. My 
aim is to cast water on that fire which is already kindled, or least- 
wise that none may get a stick fi-om this place to increase the flame, 
our citizens being too sensible of that punishment which they justly 
received for Prynne's entertainment. [Seal with arms, 1 p.} 

Order of the Lords of the Admiralty on a petition of the widow 
and nine children of Eichard Wyan, his Majesty's late proctor, 
deceased. The petition showed that all the time the Admiralty 
remained in the hands of his Majesty Wyan was employed 
by the Lords as his Majesty's proctor, in which time divers sums 
accrued to his Majesty out of the profits of the Admiralty, yet 
Wyan never received rewards for his service therein, save only 
in the particular business of the Earl of Portland. But petitioners 
found by notes of his that he intended to make a bill of fees due to 
him from his Majesty in the causes wherein he was employed, as 
also of such moneys as he paid to the Judge of the Admiralty, to 
whom he paid fees for warrants, commissions, sentences, and the 
like as they passed in his Majesty's causes, but he being taken away 
before he had perfected that account, petitioners are unable to finish 
the same, yet they find in his book of accounts that he has charged 
himself with 1501., attached in the hands of Thomas Jennings, of 
London, merchant, and condemned by primum decretum to his 
Majesty, and that in discharge thereof he has expressed in that 
book that by his account to his Majesty, and for a journey which he 
made to Dover for his Majesty's service, that 1501. would near be 
balanced. Petitioners besought the Lords to give the executor of 
Wyan a discharge for the said sum. The Lords referred it to Sir 
Henry Marten to certify, whether by any acts of the Court of Ad- 
miralty, or otherwise, any money belonging to his Majesty appears 
to remain in the hands of Wyan, and likewise what he, in the time 
of his service, as proctor in that court, might deserve. [Copy. See 
Vol. cccliii., p. 110. 1 p.] 

6. Sir William Galley to Eichard Harvey. I purposed to have 
sent you some brawn ; that which I sent Lord Cottington was ofi" a 
bought boar, and our own boar was but killed this week, whereof 
I mean to send you the best collars when they shall be ready, if in 
the meantime I can get no better. I desire much to have the books 
of accounts I wrote for in my laat. \Seal with arms. | p.] 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 143 



-^ggg Vol. CCCCrV. 

Dec. 1. 7. Account by Sir William Eussell of ship-money for 1637. Total 

received, 159,686?. 18s. Id. ; remains, 36,727J. 9s. 7d. [= 2 pp.'] 

Dec. 1. 8. Account of ship-money for 1637 remaining in hands of the 

sheriffs. Total 2,850?., which makes the total collected 162,536L, 
less by 22,155?. than was received the 2nd December 1637. [1 p.] 

Dec. 1. 9. Exceptions to the patent granted by his Majesty, 1st December 

1638, to the Master Wardens and Commonalty of Cordwainers, of 
the penalties and forfeitures limited or appointed by statutes 
18 Eliz. cap. 9, and 1 James, cap. 22. [3 pp.J 

Dec. 1. 10. Indenture between Lawrence Squibb and Robert Squibb, both 

of London, gentlemen, and Edward Fryer, of London, cardmaker, 
and Margaret Baxter, of London, widow. Fryer having declared 
his willingness to give over the trade of cardmaking, Lawrence and 
Robert Squibb, being his Majesty's officers for cards and dice, 
covenant to pay to him an annuity of 30f. per annum for his life, 
and if the said Margaret Baxter, his sister, should survive him, to 
pay the like annuity to her, after Fryer's decease, for her life. [30 
lines on parchment] 

Dec. 1. 11. Brief of Mr. Walker's accounts to Archbishop Laud, from the 

4th August 1 637 to this day, of the perquisites of the Archbishop's 
jurisdiction in the archdeaconry of Lincoln. The receipts for pro- 
curations of the clergy were 148?. 18s. 2c?.; the fees on proof of wills, 
grants of administrations, and other items make up the total amount 
to 298?. 16s. Id. [1 p. on parchment] 

Dec. 2. 12. Agreement made by Sir Robert Carr, at Whitehall, in the 

presence of Archbishop Laud, Lord Treasurer Juxon, and the Lord 
Privy Seal. The lease of Lord Willoughby, Sir Charles Bowles, and 
Thomas Goodwin, whereby there is settled for the maintenance of 
Lady Carr 800?. per annum rent in money, with the manor house 
and grounds at Sleaford, valued at 200?. per annum, to make up 
1,000?., to be enlarged for 30 or 40 years, determinable upon Sir 
Robert Carr's death. The time for the Lady's absence from Sleaford 
House to be enlarged to four months, and to be accounted after Lady 
Day next. Power to be given to two or three persons whom tlie 
Lady shall nominate to sue on her behalf for the rent of 800Z. per 
annum, in case the same be not duly paid. The grounds at Sleaford 
to be managed wholly by Lady Carr. The stock thereon to be con- 
tinued untU Lady Day, when possession is to be given to Lady 
Carr. [| p.] 

Dec. 3. Grant to Sir Jacob Astley and Bernard his son, for their lives, 

of the office of Captain of the castle or fort near Pljnnouth, and of 
St. Nicholas' Isle, both void by surrender of Arthur Chichester, with 
an allowance of 56s. per diem for the maintenance of the captain, 
soldiers, and officers of the said castle and island, [Bocquei^ 



144 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. VOI..CCCCIV. 

Dec. 3. The King to Thomas Hewett, Sheriff of co. Hertford. Licence 

for him to come to London or to go to any other place as often as 

he shall have cause. [^Docquef] 

Dec. 3. 13. Petition of John Eobinson, Richard Ward, and Christopher 

Dighton, his Majesty's searchers at Gravesend, to the King. Pe- 
titioners have the moiety of all gold and other prohibited goods 
there seized by them. Edward Watkins, the searcher of London, 
having nothing to do with searching at Gravesend, upon intelligence 
lately given him made a seizure of gold there, and pretending that 
by such seizure the moiety belonged to him, preferred an information 
into the Exchequer to have the gold adjudged forfeit ard the moiety 
delivered to him, where in truth the same wholly appertained to 
your Majesty. Whereof the court being informed by Mr. Herbert, 
her Majesty's Attorney- General, stay was made of entering any 
judgment for the searcher. And for that it was conceived the de- 
termination would depend upon the construction of the patents of 
petitioners and the searcher of London, the cotirt appointed several 
days for bringing in their patents, at all which days petitioners 
attended. But the searcher of London always failed, and in the 
end obtained a command from your Majesty to the Barons to forbear 
any prosecution there until the next term, and since has obtained 
some reference to the Lord Treasurer, Chancellor and Barons of the 
Exchequer and Attorney-General, but does not prosecute the same. 
Beseech the same reference. [| p.] Undenuritten, 

13. J. Reference to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Oottington, who, 
calling to them the Lord Chief Baron and other the 
Barons of the Exchequer and the Attorney-General, are 
to determine the business or certify his Majesty ivhere tJie 
impediment lies. Whitehall, 3rd Becember 1638. [Copy. 

Dec. 3. Petition of George Kirke, " your Majesty's ancientest servant," 

to the same. Your Majesty, when Prince of Wales, granted to Sir 
James FuUerton and petitioner some lands in the North, but after 
these lands were granted, the Duke of Buckingham became a suitor 
to your Majesty for the same, whereupon your Majesty commanded 
us to resign them, which we did, and after your Majesty granted 
them to the said Duke and gave to us Gillingham Forest, the said 
forest being in the custody of the late Lord Steward, the Earl of 
Pembroke. There could be no deforestation nor petitioner enjoy 
your Majesty's grant till the said Earl had satisfaction of 3,000L for 
his interest, your Majesty promising to pay the 3,000?., to the end 
that it might be as free a gift as the former. Your Majesty, since 
the death of Sir James Fullerton, in consideration of 2,000?. of the 
3,000?., has granted in fee-farm unto the now Lord Elgin and his 
mother, the wife of the said Sir James Fullerton, that part being 
two of three parts formerly granted by lease for 41 years. Petitioner 
prays a grant of his part in fee-farm which he has yet in lease for 
36 or 37 years, it being but 800 acres, in consideration of 1,000?. 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 145 



1638. Vol. CCCCIV. 

that he disbursed to the said Lord Steward, which 1,OOOZ. your 
Majesty promised to repay, and sent the now Lord Dorset to the 
late Lord Treasurer with a command to that effect. \G(ypy. See 
Vol. cccciii., p. 4. f j).] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Lord Treasurer to inform himself of the 
justice of this debt, and finding it due to certify whether 
it will be more for his Majesty's advantage to pay the 
said IfiOOl., or to grant petitioner the fee farm of the 
lands desired. Whitehall, 3rd December 1638. l_Gopy. 
Ibid, i p.] 

Dec. 3. 14. Petition of James Maxwell, Thomas Lewyn, [and] John 

Sanderson, coachmen, to the King. His Majesty has referred to 
Sec. Windebank and the Attorney-General some late requests of the 
town of HuU, as concerning his Majesty's castle and blockhouses 
there, and certain lands allowed the town for maintaining thereof. 
Petitioners have, for his Majesty's service, brought a cause against 
the said town concerning the said castle and blockhouses to such 
ripeness as that having been formerly heard in part, upon the 
further next hearing it is conceived the said town will be at your 
Majesty's mercy, both for a good fine for abuse of the trust reposed 
in them concerniag the said castle and blockhouses, and also for the 
said lands and otherwise. Petitioners conceive that by such his 
Majesty's reference the town would gain longer time from coming 
to a concluding hearing, which they dechne out of a consciouness of 
the matter laid to their charge, especially if it should fall out that 
the referees being but two should not suddenly meet, by reason of 
Sec. Windebank's great occasions. Pray his Majesty to joia others 
to the former two, and that any two of them, the Attorney-General, 
who knows the whole business, being one, may speed the same. 
[Copy, f p.] Underwritten, 

14. I. Reference to the, Earl of Dorset and Sec. Windebank, who, 
calling io their assistance the Attorney-General and 
Mr. Herbert, are to certify the true state of the business. 
Whitehall, 2rd December 1638. \_Copy. \ p.] 

Dee. 3. Nicholas to William Earl of Exeter. The mayor of Newark 

having signified that having demanded of the Earl's servants 
3L 6s. %d., assessed on the Earl in that town towards ship-money, 
was answered that the Earl would pay the same in London, as he 
did last year. Prays the Earl to order the same to be paid to the 
mayor, who only can give discharge, and which will be an induce- 
ment to others of that town to pay their assessments. [ Underwritten 
is a note that the lihe letter was sent to the Earl of Berkshire for 
payment of 61. 13s. 4d Copy. See Nicholas's Letter Book, Dom. 
James I. Vol. ccxix., p. 173.] 

Dec. 3. 15. Petition of Leonard Vow to the Council. Kenelm Cooke 

having given evidence against petitioner for depopulation, com- 
plaiaad that petitioner, in revenge, brought divers suits against him 
13. K 



146 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 
16S8. 

to his undoing, and thereupon procured petitioner to be committed. 
But afterwards the Lords being certified of the truth, released 
petitioner, and now Cooke upon the same pretence, and that peti- 
tioner has since caused Cooke to be indicted for a common barretor, 
has obtained some order for petitioner to pay him 51. charges, which 
indictment petitioner confesses to be caused by him and other neigh- 
bours in respect of Cooke's ill carriage towards the townsmen in 
general ; and concerning the pretended suits, the truth may appear 
by the affidavit annexed. Prays that if the Lords be not satisfied 
to discharge petitioner, that then they would refer the examination 
to Sir John Lambe and William Halford, justices of peace near 
adjoining, to whom Cooke is well known, and upon their certificate 
petitioner will be ready to perform the censure of the Lords. [^ p.^ 
Annexed, 

15. I. Affidavit of John Wells, of Middleton, eo. Northampton, 
attorney for Leonard Vow. Vow has not prosecuted any 
suit against Kenelm GooJce since Cooke gave evidence 
against Vow for depopulation, save one suit im, the Court 
of Requests, commenced before against one Cray and 
Cooke, concerning a bond upon which Gray sued Vow by 
Coohe's instigation, which suit is now ready for heari/tig, 
and save also an indictment which Vow and other towns- 
men preferred at the last assizes agaimst CooJce as a 
common barretor. Sworn this day. [f p.l 

15. II. Offixe copy of indictment against Kenehn CooJce, of 

Halloughton, co. Leicester, for that he is a common 
barretor and disturber of the peace and soiver of litigation 
among his neighbours. The prosecutors were William 
Smyth, Willia/m Goodman, and Leonard Vow. It was 
found a true bill, \Lati/n,. 1 j5.j 

[Dec. 3?] 16. Another petition of the same to the same. Petitioner being 
lately committed to the Fleet upon the suggestion of Kenelm Cooke, 
and afterwards released as above stated, Cooke still presses the 
matter against petitioner, and you have ordered him to pay 51. 
Petitioner prays them to be certified of the life and condition of 
Cooke, under the hands of the parson and best of the inhabitants of 
Halloughton, and of the justices and near neighbours, and to take 
the same into considej-ation. [^ p^ Underwritten, 

16. I, Five statements respecting Kenelm Cooke, describing him 

as a person of no worth or credit, a liaunter of alehouses 
and idle company, a seditious fellow, and a scandalous 
and opprobrious fellow against his betters, subscribed by 
Sir John Bale, Sir Richa/i'd Roberts, Sir John Lambe, 
And/rew Butler, rector, and eleven pthers. [J p."] 

Dec. 3. 17. Officers of Ordnance to Mountjoy Earl of Newport. Have 

Office of treated with the gunmakers for making 1,000 carbines with snap- 

haunce locks, but cannot draw them to a lower rate than 20s. a piece, 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 147 



lg38_ Vol. CCCCIV. 

being furnished with belts, swivels, worms and sconrers, and arming, 
the stock to be made 2^ foot long, and of the bore of 24 bullets to 
the pound rolHng. Besides the flask, which they afiirm was rejected 
by Sir Jacob Astley, in respect of another invention for the charge 
of the carbines which by him was conceived more proper, for which 
they demand 2s. a piece more, according to which the 1,000 carbines 
will amount to 1,100L [f ^.] Enclosed, 

17. I. Particulars of the several items of charge for the snap- 

haunce carbine, signed by ten gunmdkers. 3rd December 
1638. [1 ^.] 

Dec. 3. 18. Petition of WUliam Garrett, stationer, to Archbishop Laud. 

Suppliant preferred a petition to the Archbishop, declaring that 
William Sheires had printed the book named " A Pattern of Cate- 
chistical doctriue," with petitioner's name in the title, as if he had 
done it. The Archbishop referred the cause to Sir John Lambe, 
and to give order the books should be seized. Petitioner hears that 
divers others have shares in the book, that they vend them at greater 
rates since his Grace's prohibition, and that they will not only be 
very great gainers for the present, but [will re-]print the book as 
often as they please, and still use petitioner's name in the title. 
[■I p.] Underwritten, 

18. I. Referred to Sir John Lambe to take special care of the 

business, and let the Archbishop have an account of it. 
1638, December 3. [^ p.] 

Dec. 3. 1 9. Eeceipt of Archbishop Laud for 3lZ. 10s. paid by Sir John 

Lambe, being three half-years " prestation money," due 29th Sep- 
tember last from Dr. Holdsworth, archdeacon of Huntingdon, by 
reason of the suspension of Bishop Williams of Lincoln. [^ p^ 

Dec. 3. 20. Petition of Rice Thomas to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner, by 

many feigned actions brought against him by divers persons who 
endeavour his undoing, has had all his cattle and. other personal 
estate taken from him. And because petitioner may be utterly 
" enabled " to make his just defence in the said actions, the depiity 
chancellor of the diocese of Llandaff, who takes part against peti- 
tioner, has pronounced sentence of excommunication upon him. 
Prays inhibition with absolution, and that petitioner may be admitted 
to sue in formd pauperis, according to an admittance stated to be 
annexed, [f ^.] Underwritten, 

20. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe and Dr. Owynne, to give 
the poor onan such direction as they shall find fitting. 
December Srd, 16S8. [^ p.] 

Dec. 3. 21. Dr. David Stokes to Sec. Windebank, J. Woodson aims at 

Windsor. Mr. Baker's place. Believes him competent to transact the college 

business, from his experience m the Signet Office and under two 

judges. But his desire goes to a grant in reversion. The writer 

has not heard of any place in the choice of the dean and canons that 

k2 



148 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. ^'^- ^^^^^^- 

has been so granted. Thinks they can do so, and would, if Mr. Baker 
would appear in it. Advises in what way to proceed to win over 
the dean and the rest of the chapter. P.S. — Mr. Baker is now 
healthy, and having overcome his quartan, is likely to afford 
J. W[oodson] time for his suit. [2^^.] 

Dec. 3. 22. Calculations by Nicholas, concerning the quantities and cost 

of the supply of provisions (wheat and cheese), and ammunition for 
an army of 24,000. [= 1 p.} 

Dec. 4. Warrant to Anthony Roper for preservation of game within his 

Majesty's honor of Eltham, Kent. [Bocquet.] 

Dec. 4. A like to pay to Thomas Baldwin, comptroller of his Majesty's 

works 200L, to be disbursed in the repair of bridges over the Lea 
and divers other places thereabouts. [_I)ocquet.'] 

Dec. 4. A like to pay to Henry Wickes, paymaster of works, 800L, to be 

expended for making bricks against next spring for his Majesty's 
service. [Bocquet.'] 

Dec. 4. A like to the judges of the court of Common Pleas to admit 

Henry Chester, son of Sir Anthony Chester, being but 13 years old, 
by his guardian, to levy a fine of his manors and lands in Chicheley, 
Nortii Crawley, Sherrington, and Emberton, co. Buckingham, to 
enable Sir Anthony to make a lease of the same for 21 years, 
whereby to pay his debts of 2,500L, and to raise portions for his 
seven younger children. l_Docquet.'] 

Dec. 4. Grant that for the government of Salisbury the bishop of that 

see, the dean and canons residentiary, the chancellor, and the 
mayor, recorder, and two aldermen of the city, be justices of peace, 
and that they may hold sessions, the justices of Wiltshire being 
excluded from any jurisdiction within the city, with various other 
minute regulations. IDocquef] 

Dec. 4. 23. Sir William Becher and Edward Nicholas to the Council. 

According to your reference of 7th July 1637, upon complaint of 
Martha Harpur against William Ward, concerning money claimed 
to be due by Mrs. Harpur, in discharge whereof Ward produced to 
us a decree in the Exchequer dated 8th May 1637. But in regard 
it was insisted upon by Mrs. Harpur that the decree was obtained 
by the uncertainty of the deposition of Robert Howell, it was agreed 
by both parties that they would stand by the oath of Howell to 
two points, wherein the uncertainty was alleged to consist, to both 
which Howell has sworn directly against Mrs. Harpur, so as it 
appears unto us there is nothing due unto her, neither could we draw 
Ward to give her anything, in regard, as he alleges, she has put him 
to extraordinary trouble and charge, [f p.^ Annexed, 

23. r. Order of Council. The complaint of Mrs. Harpur to be 
dismissed, andj Ward to he no fuHher troubled concerning 
the business. Star Chamber, 2Bth January 1638-9. 
[Draft. 1 p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 149 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 



Dec. i. 24. Copy Act of the General Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland. 

The commissioners of Edinburgh having received letters from the 
council of Edinburgh, anent the troubles likely to arise betwixt the 
people and some of their ministers who had read the service book, 
railed against the people, and protested against this assembly, 
namely, James Hanna, Alexander Thomson, and David Fletcher, the 
assembly suspends them from all functions of the ministry, and gives 
power to Alexander Henderson, John Ker, Andrew Blackhall, James 
Fleming, John Oswald, James Porteous, Eobert Dowglas, Richard 
Dickson, James Simpson, Eobert Cranstoun, Frederick Carmichael, 
and to the lairds of Auldbar, Wauchton, sheriiF of Teviotdale, com- 
missioners of bm'ghs, James Gray, and Eobert Cunningham, to 
proceed against the said ministers with the sentence of deprivation, 
with power to transplant ministers from other places into their 
rooms, and fully to settle the ministry of the kirks of Edinburgh. 
And seeing the town of Edinburgh complained also of Dr. Eliot for 
reading the service book, and his inability to edify that people, for 
reasons which they shall give in, the assembly referred the same to 
the said commissioners, with power to transplant Dr. Eliot or censure 
him. The assembly also finds William Wischert, parson of Leith, 
worthy of deprivation for declining the general assembly, and mani- 
fold crimes proven before the presbytery of Edinburgh, suspends 
him from the ministry, and refers to the said commissioners 
the sentence of his deprivation and the plantation of his kirk. 

Dec. 5. Eoyal assent for Dr. Towers, Dean of Peterborough, to be bishop 

of that see. [Docquet.'] 

Dec. 5. 25. Petition of Thomas Grantham, Sherifi" of co. Lincoln, to the 

King. Petitioner's house being St. Katherine's, situated near Lin- 
coln, and conceived to stand within the precincts of the city, there 
is a clause contained in petitioner's oath of sheriff that during the 
time of office he shall be inhabiting within his bailiwick, unless his 
Majesty license the contrary. Prays that, in regard his house stands 
most convenient for the execution of his office, his Majesty will 
give the required licence, [f p.J Underwritten, 

25. I. HisMajesty dispenses with the petitioner in this particular, 
and licenses him to reside at his said house. Whitehall, 
5th December 1638. [Copy. ^ p.] 

Dec. 5. 26. Notes by Nicholas of proceedings this day, and on the 

7th inst., in a cause of Capt. [Walter] Stewart and Signor [John] 
Nicholas [de] Franchi [or Franqui]. This day the Lord Keeper, 
upon perusal of some precedents of commissions of review, granted 
formerl}'' in admiralty causes, declared that two of the prece- 
dents produced by Capt. Stewart's counsel were full to the point, 
one granted in Queen Elizabeth's time, the other in his present Ma- 
jesty's, in the case of Carpenter and Aldenberg. It was ordered that 
the said precedents should be shown by Capt. Stewart's counsel 
to the counsel of Signor Nich[olas de] Franchi, who was to show 



150 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Dec. 5. 



Dec. 5. 



Dec. 6. 

Vale Koyal. 



Dec. 6. 

Whitehall. 



Dec. 6. 

Poxleis 
[Foxley's.] 



Vol. CCCCIV. 

cause why the like favour might not be granted by his Majesty 
in this case to Capt. Stewart. [1 J p.] 

27. Robert Bevis to Nicholas. The three barrels oT powder which 
Maperley complains of are challenged by Lambert Peachey, of 
Gosport. The six hogsheads brought into his Majesty's store in 
April last by one Pinder, living in Water Lane, a waiter belonging 
to the Custom House, are claimed by Mr. Cockcroft, of Coleman 
Street, merchant, [-g- p.] 

Memorandum by Nicholas. Mr. Bevis says that Peachey was, 
about half a year since, with the officers of the Ordnance, for this 
powder, but Bevis has the same still in his custody. He conceives 
it to be English powder. Bevis further says that Maperley seized, 
about half a year since, six hogsheads of foreign powder, which is in 
Bevis's hands; it is bad powder. [/See Vol. ccccii., No. 41. I p.] 

28. Thomas Cholmondeley, late sheriff of co. Chester, to the Council. 
By letter from the Lords of 30th November last, I am commanded 
to pay in an arrear of 20Z., alleged to be behind of the ship-money 
in the time of my sheriffalty. The money assessed upon the county 
and city was 3,000Z., whereof 2601. was proportioned upon the city, 
and 2,740^^. upon the county. This assessment upon the city was 
undertaken by the mayor and aldermen, neither were they willing 
to pay the same to me, so that, addressing myself to my own charge, 
I have paid in the 2,740Z. to Sir William Russell. Since which time 
I have also restored to the country the surplusage of my assessment 
to the satisfaction of the county, and such as were poor or thought 
themselves overcharged. There is not one penny of my assessment 
behind unpaid ; if there be any arrear it is by the mayor and alder- 
men of Chester, on whom I have no distress, and it would raise new 
trouble if I had invaded their challenged liberties to collect their 
own moneys. I have advertised the mayor and aldermen of the 
arrear, and his Majesty's expectation that it should be paid. [^Seal 
with crest. 1 p.] 

29. Sec. Windebank to all Justices of Peace, Mayors, and others. 
His Majesty has given licence to Capt. Alexander Erskine to levy 
500 men, and transport them into France, for recruiting the English 
regiments serving there. You are to suffer the captain to levy the 
said men, and from time to time to transport the same. P.S. — Upon 
transportation of any of these men, the officers of the port where 
they embark shall forthwith certify the same to me, that it may be 
known when the 500 shall be completed. [1 p.] 

30. Anne Lady Sandys to Sec. Windebank. A malicious feUow, 
William Stebbin, of Windsor, of late has often threatened me, and 
vows that I shall never be free from suits while I live, unless I will 
purchase my peace of him. He has caused me to be indicted at 
Hicks's Hall upon the statute of 23 Elizabeth, for not going to church 
once a month. Having notice of the indictment, I removed it into 
the King's Bench, where he continues his malicious prosecution, and 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 161 



jggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

will force me to trial unless T compound with him. My suit is that 
you would, on behalf of your poor, decrepit, bedridden acquaintance, 
make use of your power with the judges or favour with the King, 
that I may go in peace to my grave. [1 p.'] Annexed, 

30. I. Memorandu'iTi by Lord Cottington. It seems she is not 
convicted, else she might coTnpound with the commissioners. 
Tour way now is to speak with Lord Bramston or the 
Attorney-General to know how she may be relieved, for the 
infoTvner indicts her for recusancy. [7 lines.'] 

30. II. The like by Sec. Windebank She is a very old bedrid 
womun, above fourscore, and cannot live a year, so what 
composition she can make can be of no great consideration, 
and it were fit the poor creature might be quiet. [5 lines.] 

Dec. 6. 31. Henry Lord Clifford to See. Windebank. I received your packet 

Londesborough. of the 3rd inst., and sent away the warrants to William Mansor, 
my father's undersheriff of Westmorland, to apprehend the party, 
and to call in the witnesses, and crave the assistance of the next 
justice, the place being 60 miles distant, and not knowing in which 
county the parties have their being. He will observe his directions, 
and send up the men with all possible speed, for he is an honest 
man, and one that will do the business. P.S. — When you next see 
the Earl of SaKsbury, let him know that his sister and his servants 
are very well. [1 p.] 

Dec. 6. 32. William Earl of Exeter to Nicholas. Concerning the mayor 

St. John's, of Newark's complaint of me for denying to pay SI. 6s. 8d., assessed 
[ er enwe .J ^p^^ jj^g for ship-money, my answer is that my house is not of that 
town, nor have I any land within their liberties for which they ought 
to assess me, nor have I ever paid any subsidy or other charge with 
the town, but ever with the county, save once, long ago, I paid a 
subsidy with the town, and was forced to pay it over again to the 
sheriff. I gave order to my officers to pay the ship-money to the 
sheriff, and they have accordingly paid it ; and if the last year's 
assessment be not paid the same way, it is more than I know or 
desire, and I will give order forthwith for paying it. But this com- 
plaint proceeds only out of their desire to draw me into their juris- 
diction for their own ease, which I hope the Lords will not hearken 
unto. P.S. — This is in no way to ease myself, for I am assessed 
more by the sheriff than by the mayor. [^Seal with crest within the 
garter. 1 p.] 

Dec. 6. 33. Thomas Smith to Sir John Pennington. I have now paid off 

Queen Street, almost all the convoy money, and among the rest Sir Henrjr Main- 
waring, of whom I demanded what appertains to you, and showed 
him the note he had signed, which he acknowledged, but made such 
a lamentation of the poverty of his present state, that I, who had 
before received command from my Lord not to stop any man's money 
without the parties consent, could not possibly serve you ; but he 
has made strong vows to give you speedy satisfaction, as by letter 



152 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 
1638. 

stated to be enclosed, and howsoever he may fail, if we live next 
yeai- 1 will direct you a course how you may be satisfied. Capt. 
Price paid his 201. very readily, so that I have now in my hand of 
yours 1701- For those captains that are with you I have their 
money, to wit, Capt. Fogg, 751. ; Capt. Seaman, 551.; Capt. Fox, 
45?. ; Mr. Wheeler, 301. ; and Mr. Woolward, SOI. I have likewise 
for Mr. White, 201. My brother Percival had 501. and his man 201. 
Acquaint the captaius and your master what I have for them. I 
thought it would have amounted to more, and so it would had not 
his Lordship disposed of 200?. to some that are no captains, but not 
one penny to myself nor to any of his own household. Some two 
days ago Sir James Hamilton came from Scotland, and says things 
are in great disorder among themselves there, there beiug one party 
for the King and another for the covenant, but generally all the com- 
mon sort have so exhausted themselves with making provision for 
war, that they want money to buy bread, insomuch that, though the 
heads of the army would be content to be quiet, yet the body will 
not suffer them, out of hope to repair their necessity in a more 
abundant country. He says the Marquis is retired to Newcastle, 
which is an ill sign ; the business he came about was urgent, for he 
returned within two days. The Council of War sits daily at White- 
hall, but things are carried with such privacy that I can teU you 
nothing save that Mr. Comptroller is made Treasurer of the Army. 
'[Seal with arms. 2f _pp.] 

Dec. 6. 34. Petition of Robert Cade, clerk, to Archbishop Laud. Has 

lately petitioned in the High Commission Court for remitting 40Z. 
costs, taxed to Ezekiel Wright, clerk, in a cause wherein petitioner 
was evicted, and Wright obtained a parsonage worth 200?. per 
annum, in which cause Wright spent, not by means of petitioner, 
40s. Petitioner is informed that after costs taxed regularly they 
are not to be dissolved, and yet, by reason of very small means 
and many children, he is utterly unable to pay the same. Begs the 
Archbishop to desire Wright to remit the costs. [|^ jj.] Under- 
written, 

34. I. William Dell to Sir John Lamhe. Pray consider the poor 
Tnan's case, and he a means to further his desires. 1638. 
December 6th. [^ p.J 

Dec. 6. 35. Final sentence in the High Commission in a cause against 

John Blundell, of Bletchingley, Surrey. Defendant being called, 
appeared not, wherefore he was ordered to be attached. It appeared 
that on Whitsunday, he being a special bailiff, and having a warrant 
to arrest Eobert Betts, about a quarter of an hour after evening 
prayer he arrested the said Betts in the churchyard of Bletchino'ley, 
and upon some struggling rent a skirt in the said Betts's doublet, 
and further, that on Easter day last, within the church of Bletchingley, 
Blundell in a saucy and scornful manner desired Mr. Hampton, the 
rector, to make him a churchwarden of the parish, for that it was a 
gainful place. It appearing that by these facts Blundell had violated 



DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 153 



1033 Vol. CCCCIV. 

the liberties of Holy Church and consecrated ground, and had scoffed 
at the office of churchwarden, he was enjoined to make a public sub- 
mission in his parish church, and was condemned in costs of suit ; 
and inasmuch as three of the commissioners who had the leading 
votes in their places fined Blundell SOI., and three others, whereof 
the Dean of the Arches was one and the principal commissioner for 
the day, fined him 501., it was ordered that the determination of his 
fine should rest until the day of mitigation at the end of Hilary 
term. [2J pp."] 

Dec. 7. The King to the Lord Mayor of London and Court of Aldermen, 

sigTiifying his pleasure that they admit the Company of Distillers of 
London with all accustomed immunities, and settle them in the 
government of their trade. [Pocquef] 

Dec. 7. Note by Nicholas of proceedings before the Council in the 

cause of Captain [Walter] Stewart versus Signer [John] Nicholas 
[de] Franchi. Defendant's counsel was heard, and also the 
said Franchi, who prayed that the sum in question might be 
• deposited before the Lords gave way to a commission of re- 
view. The Lords having taken into consideration his request, 
and, to the end they might rightly understand the same, having 
called in first his counsel and then Franchi, and demanded of him 
whether he would be content, provided the money were deposited in 
the Admiralty Court, that a commission of review should be granted 
to Capt. Stewart. He declared that upon such condition he was 
content, so as all the proceedings upon the said commission might 
be upon the same allegation and proofs as formerly. And his counsel 
moved that there might be no witnesses examined in Spain, but 
that certificates only might be produced. To which the Lords 
replied, that the order of what shall be allowed or disallowed for 
proof would rest in the commissioners that should be appointed by 
his Majesty to review the said cause. ['&e this volume, iVo. 26.] 

Dec. 7. Commissioners for Gunpowder to the Master of the Ordnance, 

WhitehalL Warrant to deliver to persons to be appointed by the Earl of Exeter 
six barrels of gunpowder at 18d. per pound, for replenishing the 
magazine of co. Northampton. [Minute Boole of Warrants for Gun- 
powder. See Vol. ccclv. No. 61, p. 17. ip.] 

Dec. 8. Grant to Maurice Abbott and Edward Abbott, for their lives, 

with survivorship, of the office of collector of impositions upon lawns, 
cambrics, and silks landed in the port of London, with the annual 
fee of IhOl., upon surrender of Edward Fenn and John Lloyd. 
{Docquet^ 

Dec. 8. Warrant to pay to Amerigo Salvetti, agent for the Great Duke of 

Tuscany, 2151., being the value of 8,000 ryals taken out of the ship 
Frances of Dieppe, by Sir James Bagg, for his Majesty's use, which 
by being laden for the Galilei, merchants, was adjudged in the High 
Court of Admiralty to be restored. \JDocquet.'] 



154 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. ^«^- ^^^^I^- . 

Dec. 8. Grant to "William Billingsley of the beiiefit for 14 years of his 

invention for printing or stanching of cabinets, bedsteads, and the 
like, with liquid gold and silver, rendering to the Exchequer the 
yearly rent of 50s. [pocquet.'] 

Dec. 8. Protection for Sir Richard Titchborne until his Majesty shall 

signify the contrary. \I)ocqueti\ 

Dec. 8. 36. Order of the King in Council. Upon a full hearing of the 

Whitehall, counsel as well of Sir Peter Vanlore, heir apparent of old Sir Peter 
Van lore, his father, deceased, as of Sir Edward Powell, master of 
requests, concerning the rectory of North Petherton, Somerset, 
mortgaged by Edward Popham to old Sir Peter, the one side 
complaining of an award obtained in July 1637, when his counsel 
was not fully instructed, and the other of a decree in the Exchequer 
got by default when neither he nor his counsel were present, it 
was ordered, with the consent of both parties, that as well the award 
as the decree, for so much as concerns the rectory only shall be laid 
aside, and that both parties shall be left to the ordinary course of 
justice. [Draft. This draft is dated the 8th inst, but reference 
should be made to a fair copy of it calendared under date of the 
9th inst. I jO.] 

Dec. 8. 37. The same. Upon a petition of Sir Francis Leigh to his 

Majesty, complaining of an order for decreeing of divers matters 
depending in the Court of Chancery between petitioner and Mrs. 
Bridget Minterne, on behalf of WooUey Leigh, son of the said 
Sir Francis, and grandchild of the said Mrs. Minterne, his Majesty, 
sitting in Council, having heard the said order, and also the counsel 
of Sir Francis, forasmuch as it appeared that Sir Francis had no 
cause of complaint against the said order, nor against the Lord 
Keeper, nor Lord Chief Justice Bramston, Justice Jones, and Justice 
Hutton, called as assistants into the chancery at the hearing of the 
said cause, and having given directions for the said order, to which they 
had put their hands, it was ordered that Sir Francis Leigh, for 
his presumption to trouble his Majesty with so groundless a com- 
plaint, against an order which his own counsel now confessed took 
nothing from him, aiming thereby to asperse the integrity of 
the Lord Keeper and the said judges, who had done but justice, 
shall be committed to the Fleet, and there remain until he shall 
under his hand and at this board acknowledge his fault, and the 
wrong done to the Lord Keeper and the rest of the judges. [Rough 
Draft. Endorsed) a fair copy of the commencement of the ordet. 

Hp.-\ 

[Dec. 8 ?] 38. Declaration of the King (perhaps read this day at tl\e meeting 
of the Council, and afterwards communicated to the Lords Lieu- 
tenants of the several counties mentioned therein :) 

"The defence and welfare of our people and kingdom being our prin- 
cipal care, we are now called upon, by an extraordinary and unexpected 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 155 



jggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

occasion, to prepare the forces and places of strengtli in this oiu* kingdom, 
in a more than usual manner to prevent such mischiefs as may otherwise 
fall upon the same if we should be taken unprovided : And having for that 
purpose lately given directions to our Privy Council to signify our royal 
pleasure for the mustering, arming, training, and exercising the trained 
bands, as well of foot as horse, within all our counties of this our kingdom, 
we have thought good, for better performance of this service, (which we 
are minded to have in good equipage and readiness upon all occasions,) to 
send and employ our trusty and well-beloved Sir Jacob Astley, knight, 
(an experienced commander in martial discipline and affairs,) whose advice 
and direction our pleasure is that you observe and follow as well for the 
arming, training, and exercising both the foot and horse troops in our 
counties of Leicester, Stafford, Derby, Rutland, Lincoln, Nottingham, 
Northumberland, the west riding of Yorkshire, and in the towns of Hull, 
Carlisle, and Newcastle, as also that you give credit and the best assistance 
to him and such persons as he shall employ in the said service, and in such 
other things as he hath in charge, for putting the forces of those coun- 
ties, towns, and places tin order and readiness for defence, if there shall 
be occasion, and in making preparations and provisions for an army, 
wherein, as we, in our princely providence, intend nothing but the safety and 
preservation of our subjects, so we expect that the said Sir Jacob Astley 
and those who are employed herein shall receive encouragement by the 
cheerful observance and ready assistance that shall be given them in this 
important service. [^Draft in the handwriting of Nicholas, and endorsed 
" Declaration." 1 ^.] Dorso, 

38. I. Notes by Nicholas of business to be transacted by the Com- 
TTiissioners for Saltpetre and Gunpowder this day. To 
hear the appeal to your Lordships' delegates. To 
agree with Mr. Fletcher about his saltpetre. Gordewell 
desires an answer to his petition concerning his losses, by 
reason there was not sufficient saltpetre delivered to him. 
I have an account from Mr. Bevis of powder seized and 
brought into the Tower. This p)oivder has been ever since 
June in the Tower, but no proceeding is against it where- 
by to confiscate it. 8th December, 1638. [f jJ.] 

Dec. 8. Petition of Francis Earl of Bedford, Henry Lord Maltravers, 

Edward Lord Gorges, and other adventurers in the Great Level of 
the Fens, lo the King. Petitioners, by Order of Council, were ap- 
pointed to answer a petition preferred against them concerning the 
payment of wages to labourers in the fens, in obedience to which 
they attended the Council board on 29th November last, and made 
answer that divers of the adventurers were behind with their money, 
and no moneys were left in stock ; wherefore they moved the Lords 
that such of the said adventurers as were behind might be com- 
pelled by order of that board to pay, that the labourers might be 
satisfied ; of which number John Latch, being charged to be in 
arrear 150^., and being required by the lords to make payment, 
delivered in a paper drawing in question the whole business, and 
also before the Lords uttered divers scandalous words, tending to 
draw petitioners into his Majesty's displeasure and public reproach. 
Pray that the matters contained in the said paper and speeches may 
be heard before his Majesty and the board, and that petitioners may 
have reparation. \Gopy. Vol. cccciv. p. 5. |. p.'\ Underwritten, 
I. His Majesty will hear this business on Sunday the 1 6th inst. 
Whitehall, 8th December 1638. [Ibid. I p.] 



156 



DOMESTIC— GHAELES I. 



1638. 
Dec. 8. 

Shrewsbury. 



Dec. 8. 
Dover. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 

39. Thomas Jones, mayor of Shrewsbury, and Thomas Owen, to 
the Council. A petition was preferred to the Lords, 9th February 
1C37-8, by John Betton, of Shrewsbury, draper, shewing that he, 
with Thomas Mathews and John Eidgwey about two years before, 
at the request of the then bailiff of the town, undertook to employ 
all the poor children of the town, and to maintain them for seven 
years, in consideration of 501. per annum, and 5001. stock, whereof 
part was raised out of the several parishes, and is to be repaid at the 
end of seven years. Thomas Mathews and John Eidgwey died 
within one year after undertaking the said work, whereby the whole 
burthen fell on John Betton, who disbursed great sums for preparing 
rooms and implements for the work, the number of children being 
very great, and when a little instructed, many of them running away, 
or being taken away by their parents. Betton stated moreover that he 
had no relief from the bailiffs, nor sufficient room allowed him for the 
multitude of children. The Lords, conceiving this case deserved favour, 
authorized the present petitioners to settle a course for advancing 
the said work as they should find reasonable. Petitioners state their 
proceedings, and propositions made by Betton on one side, and by 
Simon Weston, one of the aldermen, on the other, who offered to 
take the work off Betton's hands, if the town would raise the 
stock to 1,000?. in money and implements. Betton having refused, 
and offered propositions deemed unreasonable, the present petitioners 
conceive that he should make good the stock he received, having an 
allowance for the money disbursed by him about buildings, and so 
be discharged. They further recommend Mr. Weston's charitable 
proposal to the encouragement of the Lords. [ = 1 p.] 

40, Thomas Day, mayor, and others of Dover, to Sec. Windebank. 
According to your directions touching William Cape, we have sent 
him up to you with a copy of his examination, wherein the causes 
of his stay appear, and thereof advertisement was given to Sir John 
Manwood, lieutenant of Dover Castle, now in London. Concerning his 
passing over here, we find he returned out of Flanders in June last, 
as servant to one Mr. Matthews, before which time he confessed he 
never was in the town. [1 p.] Enfidosed, 

40. I. Examination of William, Cape, aged about 35 years, taken 
this day before Thomas Bay, mayor, John Reading, 
minister, and others. Was born at Casting \Garstang\ co. 
Lancaster, and brought wp in the parish school until 15 or 
IG years of age; until he was about 24^ followed husband^^y, 
after which he served Mr. Clayton, of Preston, co. Lan- 
caster, and Mr. Matthews, of Woodford, Dorset, with 
whom about April or May last he went to Flanders, and 
returned in the June following, with his son, Richard 
Mattheius, and since that time has been in London and 
Woodford. Now being to go to Ypres in Flanders about 
his master's business, he attempted to pass as a Walloon, 
because, being a Roman Catholic, he was unwilling to 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



157 



1638. Vol. CCCCIV. 

have the oath of allegiance administered to him,. Being 
demanded whether he had taken any orders of priesthood, 
or been bred a student in any University, he denies both. 

Dec. 8. 41. Copy of the above examination. [| ^.J 

Dec. 8. 42. Note book by Nicholas of business transacted by the Commis- 

sioners of Saltpetre and Gunpowder at various meetings from this 
date to the 6th August 1640. The dates of the meetings, besides 
those already mentioned, were : 1638-9, January 25th, 26th, Feb- 
ruary 9th, 16th ; 1639, May 18th, June 29th, July 6th, November 
16th, 22nd, December 16th ; 1639-40, February 29th, March 20th, 
21st ; 164U, May 11th. [48 pp., of which 22 contain notes.] 

Dec. 8. 43. Sir William Calley to Felix Long. These are to entreat you 

Burderop. to deliver the enclosed. [jDamaged. Seals with a'-rms. -J^.] En- 
closed, 

43. I. Sir William, Calley to Richard Harvey. I never had the 
booh of occurrents of 1633, wherein the taking of Regents- 
burgh by Duke Bernard is related, and if there be any 
occurrents of this present year in Low Butch that might 
be gotten by Mr. Foreman's means, I wish I had it, though 
it should cost me dear. For our specialties which you 
have there, keep them by you until further order, and 
write me a note that you have such for mortality's sake. 
For what rtwney you shall have remaining when those 
things are provided which I have written for, I wish it 
sent down by Mr. Whip. I have sent up to your master 
six collars of brawn directed to you. I sent a mam, on 
purpose to St. Andrew's fair at Wells for a boar. He 
brought one that seemed to be good for 41., but being killed 
it proves very bad, being lean and old, yet a great body. 
We have now good store of oranges and lemons sent us by 
sister Wardour. I sent Mr. Rowe a letter six weeks ago 
by your conveyance, and a basket with six collars of brawn 
for Lord Cottington. I never had answer from Mr. Rowe 
of the receipt thereof. I wish you would buy me a pownd 
of the best and clearest brown sugar candy and a pound 
of carraway comfits. [Seal with arms. 1 p."] 

Dec. 8. 44. William Calley to Eichard Harvey. AH that I am indebted to 

Burderop. you my father has given me leave to make you your own paymaster 
out of his monej'. I desired not to know the reason of Mr. Toppe's 
earnestness to have my father sheriff (which was questionless to free 
himself), but how you came to understand he was so earnest. I am 
glad our own boar proved as he did, though it be but indifferent ; 
for that that came from Wells makes good the proverb, " only far 
fetched and dear bought is good for ladies." P.S. — I have received 
all those things together with your letter by cousin Morse, and 



158 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 



entreat you to add 12 pairs of the best cards to 61. 5s. 4<d., which I 
owe you, to be sent down with my father's Christmas provision. 
[Seal with arms. 1 p-l 

Dec. 8. 45. Account by Sir William Eussell of ship-money for 1637. Total 

received 162,615L Os. Id., remains 38,799^. 7s. 7d. l=2p.] 

Dec. 8. 46. Account of ship-money remaining in the hands of sheriffs, total 

2610?., which, with the 162,615/. paid to Sir William Russell, makes 
the total received 165,225?., being 19,226?. less than was paid on 
2nd December 1637. [1 p.] 

Dec. 9. 47. Order of the King in Council. Upon hearing the counsel of 

Wiitehall. Sir Peter Vanlore, heir apparent of old Sir Peter Vanlore, his father 
deceased, and of Sir Edward Powell, Master of Requests, concerning 
the rectory of North Petherton, Somerset, mortgaged by Edward 
Popham to old Sir Peter, and also concerning an award obtained in 
July 1637, when the counsel on one side was not instructed, and a 
decree in the Exchequer got for default of showing cause when one 
of the parties was not present, nor his counsel, it was ordered, that 
the award should be vacated and the decree laid aside, and matters 
be left in the same state they were in before the award and 
decree made. \_U71derwritten is a note by Sec. Windebanic that it 
was the Ki/ng^s pleasure that this order should be entered. VJth 
Decem&er 1638. fp.] 

Dec. 10. Petition of Edward Earl of Dorset to the King. Sandy[-Hook] Is- 
land, lying near the continent of America, in the height of 44 degi'ees, 
was lately discovered by one Rose, late master of a ship, who suffered 
shipwreck, and, finding no inhabitants, took possession. Prays a 
grant to petitioner of the said island for 31 years, and that none 
may adventure thither but such as petitioner shall license. \Gopy. 
See Vol. ccccvii., p. 18. ^ p."] Underwritten. 

I. The Attorney-Oeneral is to prepare a bill for his Majesty's 
signature for granti/ng the said island to petitioner in as 
a/mple manner as St. Christopher's was granted to the Earl 
of Carlisle. Whitehall, IQth I) ecember 1638. [Copy. Ibid., 
p. 19. ip.j 

Dec. 10. 48. Petition of George Bagg to the King, Sir James Bagg, peti- 
tioner's father, having lived at a high rate to enable himself to serve 
your Majesty, as he did in the expeditions of Cadiz and the Isle of 
Rh^, exposing his credit and estate for the advancement of those 
services, which afterwards begot suits in the Star Chamber with Lord 
Mohun, wherein, although his faithfulness clearly appeared, yet the 
charges became his ruin, dying very much indebted, and leaving only 
to petitioner the command of the fort at Plymouth, the reversion 
whereof was bought of Sir Thomas Aylesbury by petitioner's father, 
and is not liable to the payment of debts. Petitioner has endea- 
voured that all his father's estate should be found by inquisition, and 
be extended for your Majesty, and has surrendered the letters patent 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 159 



1638. VO..CCCCIV. 

for the command of the said fort, which was his whole livelihood. 
Prays the King to give him his grandfather's and father's mansion, 
called Sal tram, with the lands adjoining, known by the names of 
Bickam, Elicombe, Wrendles, Hay, and the quarter part of the 
manor of Plymholme, the whole being valued at 1361. per annum. 
[1 p.'] Endorsed, 

48. I. Reference to Lord Treasurer Juxon and Francis Lord 
Cottington, to certify the value of the land. Whitehall, 
10th December 1638. [J p.] 

48. II. Reference by Lord Treasurer Juxon and Lord Cottington 
to the Surveyor-General, to certify the value of the par- 
ticular parcels before mentioned. Idth December 1638. 

Dec. 10. Copy of the above petition and the first reference. [See Vol. 
ccccivi. p. 6. 1 p.] 

Dec. 10. 49. Attorney General Bankes to the Council. According to order 
of 28th October last, I have taken consideration of that part of the 
petition of the merchants of London trading into Italy for silks 
which concerns the proclamation for reducing the breadths of foreign 
stuffs to the breadth appointed for those of the like sorts made hei-e, 
and have conferred with divers merchants, who inform me that the 
silk stuffs imported from Florence, Genoa, Lucca, Bologna, and 
Naples are made there of such breadths and lengths as they are 
brought over, and so have continued for many years without altera- 
tion. So that I conceive that the proclamation in that particular 
should be recalled, and amended by a new proclamation. Yet the 
former proclamation issued upon certificate of divers merchants, 
who conceived the same breadth fit to be observed. I am also 
informed by the weavers of London, that if the foreign stuffs be im- 
ported of narrower breadth than are allowed to be made here, it will 
undo their trade, and therefore they are suitors that if foreign stuffs 
imported be not limited to a breadth they may not be restrained. 

lip-} 

Dec. 10. 50. Thomas Smith to Sir John Pennington. I thank you for 
yours of the 8th, wherein you accuse me without cause, and that 
will plainly appear to you upon my brother Carteret's arrival, 
who parted hence the 6th inst. Since my Lord's of the 21st of last 
month, we have received from you three packets, one of the 23rd, 
another of the 1st, and another of the 8th inst. That passage in the 
last which mentions your obeying Sec. Coke's order, contrary to 
what my Lord formerly wrote to you, somewhat displeased his 
Lordship, and indeed the thing seems a little the more strange, 
because when you must obey either the one or the other, no man of 
sound sense but will know which first. And I know you cannot 
doubt but that the commands you receive from his Lordship are as 
much the King's as any that can be sent unto you from another 



160 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

man, and besides you are my Lord's lieutenant, and no man's else. 
Tiiese things considered, I beseech you acknowledge your error to 
my Lord, for he is more sensible of it than he expresses. As for 
matter of news, here is little stirring and less good. The Scots are 
more violent than ever, inasmuch that we begin to be more careful 
in our warlike preparation than we have been. The Council of 
War sits very often, and has almost nominated all the commanders. 
The Scots in their convocation proceeded very violently against the 
bishops, though they did not appear. Some they have degraded, 
others they have condemned to corporal punishment for gross crimes, 
and others of them they have sentenced to be burnt for heresies. 
The Marquis [of Hamilton], when he saw them so violent against 
the bishops, told them, that if they did not leave off that course ht 
had order from his Majesty, for which he showed a letter signed by 
the King, to dissolve the assembly, but they still persisting, the 
Marquis rose, and the council with him, and went their way. Not- 
withstanding a proclamation which the Marquis caused presently to 
be made for breaking off the convocation, they still continued, and 
have summoned him to appear, which he refused, and has retired to 
a castle of his own called Hamilton. 'Tis said that three who were 
heretofore of the King's party did not go away with the Marquis, but 
stayed behind with the assembly, which makes me suspect that they 
have left the King ; two of them are the Earl of Argyle, Earl of 
Almond, and the third a privy councillor, a man of note. This 
news troubles us here at Court. [3 pp-J 

Dec. 10. 51. Commissioners for granting Licences to Retail Tobacco to [the 
Tobacco Office, Council]. We have examined the complaints against William Hide 
Tower Street. ^^^ William Stubbs, for retailing tobacco in the liberty of the 
Clink, Surrey, and finding that they were delinquents by vending 
tobacco without licence, contrary to proclamation, and disabling the 
patentee to pay his Majesty's rent, we ordered them to pay 40s. 
each to the patentee, and for the time to come either to buy their 
tobacco of the patentee, or to forbear to sell without licence. Never- 
theless, Hide and Stubbs, in contempt of our commission and order, 
departed without submitting thereunto, which contempt we certify 
to you, that such course may be taken with them as you may think 
fit. [|^.] 

Dec. 10. 52. John Quarles to Sir Henry Vane. According to this bill of 
Rott[erdam]. lading I have laded [in the Prosperous of Lynn, master] Edward 
Cottram, for Hull, and consigned the same to Sir Jacob Astley. 
I am now lading my own ship, which will take in as much as three 
of these ; which I hope to clear away this week. I am advised by 
Sir Robert Honywood to send over 300 or 400 arms more than the 
number, to make good that shall be not thought fitting, so I have 
bought 400 pikes and 300 harness for pikemen, all which are to be 
new, and to be taken up by the States' magazine-master. I -will 
also bring 200 harness for arquebuses more as [than] my number, 



DOMESTIC— CHARLKS I. l6l 



1C38 - "^OL. CCCCIV. 

lest I should be abused, for tliose armourers are the most cousening 
fellows that are. [| p.] 

52. I. Bill of lading for 33 chests, 8 cases, and 15 baskets [con- 
tents not mentioned], 11 pieces of brass ordnance, 5 
carriages with 20 ivheels and carriage waggons, and 285 
hand grenades, shipped in the vessel above mentioned. 
Dated, Rotterdam. [^ p.] 

Dec. 11. Warrant to pay to M. Luc de Fabroni, Viseomte of Dompmart, 
lOOZ., to be employed in defraying the expenses of the Queen Mother 
of France, to commence from the 4th of November and to continue 
during pleasure. And also to advance from time to time one 
month's pay before hand. Provision is made for vacating a former 
privy seal for payment of lOOZ. per diem, without any advancement 
beforehand. [Docguei.] 

Dec. 11. Grant in reversion to "William and John Berkeley, his Majesty's 
servants, of the office of clerk of the Treasury of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, after the death of George Duncomb. \_Docquet.'] 

Dec. 11. Grant of denization to William Earl of Morton, born in Scotland, 
and to his heirs. [Docguei.] 

Dec. 11. Grant to William Davenant of a pension of lOOl. per annum 
during pleasure. [Docquei.'] 

Dec. 11. The King to Humfrey Hyde, sheriff of Berks. License to remain 
in his habitation in co. Oxon during the time of his being sheriff of 
Berks. [Docguet.'] 

Deo. 11. 53. Lord Treasurer Juxon and Francis Lord Cottington to the 
King. The King ordered the writers to settle the fee for keeping 
the boom in Dover Harbour. State the course of their proceedings, 
the desire of Sir John Manwood that a fee should be laid upon all 
strangers and upon English likewise, the arguments of the King's 
farmers, and tlie offers of the townsmen, the result being, that 
finding the business to be one of difficulty and consequence, they 
thought it to be their duty to present the state of it to his Majesty, 
to be settled by him, or to be returned to them with his further 
pleasure. [IJi'.] 

Dec. 11. 54. Petition of Edward Watkins and Thomas Aileway to the 
King. On petitioner's request, your Majesty gave order to the At- 
torney-General to proceed in a legal course for trial of the validity 
of certain lettera patent, see November 24, 1638, No. 42. i. Your 
Majesty has since made a reference to the Lord Treasurer on a pe- 
tition of John Robinson, Richard Ward, and Christopher Dighton, for 
consideration as well of the validity of the said several letters patent 
as of the late great seizure of gold made by petitioners, which was 
shipped to be transported, and cleared by the searchers of Gravesend, 
who now endeavour to entitle your Majesty to the whole seizure, 
in order to bring in question the validity of petitioners' letters 

13- L 



162 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



jggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

patent, upon pretence that Gravesend is not a member of the port 
of London. Pray that the cause may be left to a conclusion by a 
legal course. [_Gopy. | ^.] Underwritten, 

54. I. The Lord Treasurer finding the patent to he properly de- 
terminable by law, he is to put the same into a legal 
course as it formerly was, together with the seizure of 
gold depending upon the same patent. Whitehall, l\th 
December 1638. [Copy. ^ p."} 

54. II. Lord Treasurer to the Attorney-General. To pursue 
the directions of his Majesty^s references. London House, 
Vjth December 1638. [^ p.} 

Dec. 11. 55. Presentation of a General Court of the port of Cley, Blakeney, 
and Wiveton in Norfolk, that Philip Galthrop had caused to be 
obstructed the great canal between Cley and Wiveton, by means 
whereof ships from time immemorial have been accustomed to pass 
to and from the sea, and also another navigable canal called Howgate 
Creek. [J p^ 

Dec. 1 1. Henry Earl of Holland, Chief Justice of the Forests on this side 
Whitehall. Trent, to the Keeper of the Marshalsea. To receive into his custody 
Jonas English, of Farnham, Surrey, joiner, accused of killing and 
stealing deer in the forest of Alice Holt and Woolmer, Hants, and 
to keep him until he receives directions from the Earl for his enlarge- 
ment. \Gopy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 38. f p^ 

Dec. 11. The same, to all to whom these presents shall come. I am in- 
formed of sundry abuses committed against his Majesty's game in 
Kettering and places adjoining in co. Northampton and forest of 
Rockingham, by persons who unlawfully use dogs, nets, cross-bows, 
guns and other engines, for preservation of which game I have given 
power to Edward Sawyer to enquire of all persons known or sus- 
pected to offend as aforesaid, and for that purpose to search in all 
houses and places within the said town and five miles compass for 
finding such dogs, nets, bows, crossbows, guns, and other engines be- 
longing to such offenders, and to certify to me the names and offences 
of such persons, that course may be taken for their punishment, 
charging all mayors and other officers to assist. [Copy. See 
Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 38. If p.] 

Dec. 12. Warrant to Lord Newburgh, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster, to affix the seals of that Duchy to two new letters patent of 
lands granted and confirmed to the City. [Docquef] 

Dec. 12. A like to the Barons of the Exchequer and to the Attorney- 
General, authorizing them to take off the file the proceedings in that 
court against the city of London and divers citizens concerning the 
land contract. [Docquet.] 

Dec. 12. A like to Lord Cottington, Sir Thomas Trevor, and the Attorney- 
General, authorizing them to grant their estates of the remainder of 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 163 



IQ28. Vol. CCCCIV. 

several terms of 99 years in the manor of Kingswood, in cos. Wilts 
and Gloucester, and other manors and lands, to the use of the city 
of London, and to new grant to the Queen three yearly rents in lieu 
of three other rents which she is to surrender for the better settling 
the said lands to the City's trustees. [Docquet] 

Dec. 12. Grant to John Farren and John Robinson of the office of searchers 
in the port of Chichester during their Hves, with survivorship, upon 
surrender of Jasper Sellwine and Edward Eolt. [^Docquet.l 

Dec. 12. Grant of Incorporation to the Burgesses of Reading, Berks, by the 
title of mayor, aldermen, and burgesses, with a declaration that 
there shall be for ever hereafter a mayor, 13 aldermen, 12 assistants, 
two chamberlains, steward, coroner, and three sergeants-at-mace ; the 
mayor and chamberlains to be annual officers, the aldermen and 
assistants to be for life, and the others to be at the will of the mayor 
and aldermen, with divers other powers for better ordering the cor- 
poration. [Docquet^ 

Dec. 12. Presentation of Robert Cheslen, clerk, M.A., to the rectory of 
Hinxworth, co. Hertford, void by resignation of Andrew Clare, D.D., 
and in his Majesty's gift pro hdc vice by reason of the lainority of 
Anne and Penelope Bayning, daughters and coheirs of the late Lord 
Bayning, his Majesty's wards, [pocquet.} 

Dec. 12. 56. Petition of Miles Birkett, clerk, to Archbishop Laud. Peti- 
tioner was arrested the last court day for 201. due debts, and could 
not appear at Lambeth that day. He is willing to appear the first 
court day of next term, and to give bond to that purpose. Has pe- 
titioned Sir John Lambe and offered submission, and Sir John has 
referred him to you. Desires order that bond may be taken for his 
appearance the next court day, and a supersedeas granted to the 
attachment awarded against him. [| p.'] Underwritten, 

56. I. "/ remember there was a sccmdalous petition delivered 
into the court by this petitioner against Sir John Lambe, 
to whom 1 know not whether he his submitted himself, 
and therefore to him, 1 shall refer him. W. Cant." Le- 
cember 12th, 1638. [^ p.] 

Dec. 12. 57. William Heaward to [Sir John Lambe?] Our Visitation is 
Leicester, all ended and our Courts of Audience till after Christmas. I hear 
Dr. Loke [Lock ?] has set his office to Mr. Fowler, who writes in the 
Audience Office, and Mr. Winford, the proctor's brother or kinsman, 
for 230L the year, and that the Dr. intends to go into Ireland to be 
the King's Advocate there. Mr. Clayton was with Mr. Burden, who 
said he would not absolve him without your consent. Hancock's 
commutation was very lately [little ?]. The man is not of that 
estate that he was thought to be. I marvel how Mr. Burden can 
trust Mr. Baylis to receive the synodals if he be so bad a paymaster 
as I think he is. The sickness at Leicester does not much spread. 
The Countess of Devonshire keeps her Christmas here. Mr. Oneby's 

L 2 



164 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol, CCCCIV. 



wife was gone, but he has fetched her again. Only Mr. Noel was 
somewhat fearful, and must be gone. The town is carefully looked 
to by watchmen, and two of the forty-eight watch every night, and 
those that are sick, if poor, are allowed very good maintenance from 
the town. [1 pJ] 

Dec. 12. 58. Officers of the Trinity House to Sec. Windebank. Reasons 
Trinity House, -w^hy London has not been nor is not so fully served with coals from 
Newcastle as in former times. The causes assigned are misconduct 
of the Hoastmen at Newcastle in compelling the masters to take 
coals of whom they appointed, and what coals, what measure, and 
at what time they pleased. Long treaty of the Newcastle men 
about the farm of the coals. Difficulty of obtaining the former 
price, by reason of the limited price of I7s. and 19s. Late extremity 
of weather, and consequent losses. Want of free trade, to sell at 
what price the market will afford ; and increase of charges by the 
corporation [of London]. The remedies suggested are either a free 
trade, to go, come, and sell as the market goes, or, that the corpo- 
ration should take off their coals " at the price aforesaid," and give 
them sudden despatch. [^Seal with arms. 1^ p."] 

Dec. 12. 59. Henry Barker to Dr. Turner. It has formerly been conceived 
that there was correspondence of affection between my eldest son 
and one of Sec. Windebank's daughters, your wife's sister, which on 
my son's part continues ; wherefore, if it may be, without eclipsing 
the gentlewoman's fortunes, and my son may appear worthy in 
her parents' esteem, I shall be ready to give what satisfaction I 
am able. I will settle my whole estate, as also leave him all my 
estate in tlie parsonages of Hurst and Ruscombe after my decease, 
and settle all upon his heir male, and in case there be none, to en- 
gage a great part of it for provision for daughters. For his present 
maintenance I will allow him 200?. per annum, as also his wife's 
portion to purchase other lands for present benefit, and part of her 
jointure. If this may be entertained, I shall wait upon Mr. Secretary, 
which at this present had been performed had not my bodily in- 
firmities been more now than ever. P.S. — There was a small re- 
membrance given to my son by his grandfather which I may not 
dispose of [Endorsed by Windebanlc, "Mr. Barker, of Hurst, to my 
son Turner!' Seal with arms. 1 p.'\ 

Dec. 12. 60. Note of English ships and guns sold abroad. The names and 
tonnage of the ships, and places and time of their sale, were as follows ; 
viz., Charles, of London, 250 tons, at Lisbon in 1633 ; St. Matthew, 
of London, 350 tons, at Venice in 1617; Bonaventure, of London, 
200 tons, in Portugal in 1634; George, of London, 550 tons, at 
Naples in 1623 ; William and Jane, of London, at Porteaport 
[Oporto] ; Content, of London, 250 tons, the same in 1633 ; Dove, 
of London, 150 tons, the like in 1633; Pye, of London, 140 tons, 
the like in 1633 ; Blackbuck, of London, 250 tons, at Marseilles in 
1632 ; another Blackbuck, of London, at St. Lucar in 1633. The 
number of guns sold with the said ships was 299. [^ p.'\ 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. I(j5 



1688. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 



Dec. 13. Grant of incorporation to divers starchmakers, by the name of 
Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Commonalty of Starchmakers of 
London, who are enabled for making white starch, to sell in England, 
Wales, or Berwick. The whole trade to be managed by one joint 
stock, the starch to be sold at moderate rates, and to be made of 
bran or pollard and of such foreign grain as shall be imported. 
They have power to make ordinances, to levy money on members 
towards the common charges, and to purchase lands not exceeding 
100 marks per annum. The starch to be be made in or near Loudon, 
with a prohibition against the importation of foreign starch after 
the 7th January next. One moiety of the clear profit to be to his 
Majesty, the other moiety to the company. [Bocquet.'] 

Dec. 13. Indenture of covenants between his Majesty and the Corporation 
of Starchmakers, whereby the latter covenant to furnish the king- 
dom with good white starch at moderate rates, never to exceed 44s. 
per cwt. for the best sort and 38s. for the rest. They are to pay to 
his Majesty the first year 1,500?., the second year 2,500?., and every 
year after 3,500?. They are to appoint, with the allowance of the 
Lord Treasurer, an able person to be treasurer for the company, and 
to put the whole joint stock, being 5,000?., before the 1st of March 
next, into the hands of Thomas Meautys, now chosen treasurer for life, 
who is first to defalk his Majesty's rent before any dividend shall be 
made among the society. They are to pay 100?. per annum to a 
surveyor to be appointed by his Majesty, also 100?. per annum for 
seven years towards the repair of St. Paul's, London, with an in- 
hibition of all foreign starch after 7th January next, and the company 
to have the moiety of all prohibited and forfeited starch. [Docquet.l 

Dec. 13. Warrant to pay to Sir Anthony Vandyke 603?. for pictures, and 
also 1,000?. arrears of his pension of 200?. per annum for five years 
ended at Lady Day last. [JDocquet.'] 

Dec. 13. Petition of Sir Edward Lloyd and Kowland Pugh, fee-farmers of 
the lordships of Arrustley and Kennylock, co. Montgomery, to the 
King. About 1629 his Majesty directed the Commissioners for the 
sale of his Majesty's lands to sell to Sir Thomas Middleton, alderman 
of London, deceased, the said lordships in fee-farm. Thereupon the 
commissioners granted the same to Sir Thomas for 1,000?. Sir 
Thomas in his lifetime, and Sir Thomas his son after his decease, 
sold the said lordships to petitioners. About three years past an 
information was exhibited against petitioners in the Exchequer 
Chamber, by relation of certain of petitioners' neighbours, who en- 
deavoured the purchase of the said lordships for themselves, but, 
missing thereof, to prevent the discovery of their own encroachments, 
and to weary petitioners with expenses in law, suggested a trust 
from his Majesty in petitioners concerning the said lordships. Pe- 
titioners having procured the cause to be set down for hearing, have 
attended nine days for hearing, to their great charge, yet have not 
been heard. As petitioners are specially employed at this present in 
the care of arms for his Majesty in that county, and cannot discharge 



166 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. ^«^- ^^^.^^^- 

their duty therein as is expected, being bound to a continual attend- 
ance about the said suit, they pray his Majesty to take into con- 
sideration the said cause, and according to the merit thereof to 
declare his pleasure, and discharge petitioners from further attendance. 
[Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 10. 1 ^.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Attorney-General to give account of this busi- 
ness, his Majesty not being willing that justice should be 
delayed to any rrmn. Whitehall. 13th December 1638. 
IGopy. Ibid., p. 11. i p.] 

Dec. 13. 61. The King to Bishop Morton, of Durham. We have from 
■Westminster, time to time given directions to our Council to signify our pleasure 
for mustering the trained bands within our lieutenancies, but not 
finding effect answerable to our expectation, we at this time com- 
mand the execution of our former directions, and we have sent Sir 
Thomas Morton, colonel, and gentleman of our privy chamber, to 
yoUj whose advice we would have you observe for such things as 
you shall understand by our instructions given to him. We also 
recommend to your care the advancing the number of horse, being 
but 70 to 100, which we would have you do with the advice of the 
deputy lieutenants. You will shortly receive orders that neither the 
clergy nor others having lands in that county, though not dwellers, 
are to be exempted, and for the more ease of those charged with 
horse we have thought fit to have them furnished with light arms 
proportionably to. the horse of that country. [Copy. 1 J p.J 

Dec. 13. Another copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxevi., p. 33. I4 ^.J 

Dec. 13. 62. Order of the Committee of the Council of War. The Earl of 

Earl of Newport is to cause the Officers of the Ordnance to certify the 

land's'liausrin 11^™^^!" ^'^d condition of the arms lately brought out of the Low 

Queen Street. Countries, and viewed in the Tower, which certificate is to be sent 

to this committee by Sunday next. [1^ p.'] 

Dec. 13. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxevi., p. 31. ^ p.] 

Dec. 13. Order of the same. The Earl of Newport is to take order that 
The same, the arms imported from the Low Countries, with 60 lasts of gun- 
powder and other ammunition appointed to be sent to Hull, be 
shipped in time to be there by the ] 2th January next. [See this 
Vol., No. 62. \ p.] 

Dec. 13. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxevi., p. 31. \ p!] 

Dec. 13. Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To 
deliver two barrels of gunpowder at 18cZ. per lb., for the use of 
FitzwUliam Coningsby of co. Hereford. [Minute. See Vol. ccclv., 
No. 61., p. 7. kp.] 

Dec. 13. 63. Sec. Windebank to [Mark Thomas, mayor of Rye]. His 

Whitehall. Majesty beinginformed that Lord St. John, eldest son to the Earl of 

Bolingbroke, is secretly gone to Rye, with purpose to transport 

himself into foreign parts, and that by reason of indisposition he 

continues in that town, under the name of Tomson, you are to arrest 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



167 



1638. 



Dec. 13. 

Fdgaith. 



Dec. 13. 

Whitehall. 



Dec. 13. 

Whitehall. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 

and keep him until further order. Further you are to seize all his 
papers, and send them to me by the bearer. It is further advertised 
that he has a servant attending upon him called Ash, whom you are 
likewise to take into custody, and to keep him until you shall be 
authorized otherwise. P.S. — When you have taken my Lord into 
custody, you are to keep him close, and not suffer him to write to 
any, nor any to have access to him, and you are to take special notice 
of any that shall either desire to come or write to him, and to certify 
their names, and send their letters hither. The messenger, Jasper 
Heily, knows nothing of the business. You are to communicate h to 
him, and he is commanded to be assistant to you. [Braft. 1 p.] 

64. Thomas Lajrfield to his brother Edmund Layfield. I am 
given to understand by Mr. Mansor, under-sheriff of this county, that 
he has received a letter which came post to Lord Clifford from Sec. 
Windebank, with a warrant for apprehension of Roger Moore, upon 
my information to you, and his immediate convention before his 
Majesty, but without any command for my appearance, or that of 
any other witness. The business is this : — On Sunday 4th Nov- 
ember last, Mr. Place, the usher of Kirkby, William Smyth, of 
Kirkby, junior, and myself, being together in our "oast-house," 
immediately after dinner, we fell into a discourse touching the con- 
formity of the church, and amongst other things William Smyth told 
us that John Bailiff alias Baily of Middleton told him, that Roger 
Moore of Middleton having a question propounded to him what he 
would do if the King should command him to turn Papist, or do a 
thing contrary to his conscience, he replied he would rise up against 
him and kill him. Baily said that he and several others heard Moore 
speak these words. I, being a stranger in the country, out of my 
true subjection to his Majesty forthwith informed you of it. States 
what each of the witnesses is likely to say, but as neither he nor the 
others are prepared for a long winter's journey, he wishes Moore 
might be bound to appear in Easter term, when all the witnesses 
might be brought up. Appeals strongly to his brother to preserve 
him from any charges, harm, or danger. [1| p.] 

Henry Earl of Holland to the Verderors, Foresters, and Regarders of 
the New Forest, Hants. The Earl of Southampton has requested me 
to grant him license for felling certain underwood and timber growing 
in his own coppices within the manor of Bewly [Beaulieu] and 
bounds of the said forest, called Culver ly coppice and the new cop- 
pices in Ipley and in Faringdon. You are to view the said under- 
wood and timber, and to certify to me whether they may be felled 
this present year without prejudice to his Majesty's game, and also 
what timber trees are growing within the said coppices, and how 
many may be cut down without damage of the said forest, and of 
what growth and value the same are. [Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., 
p. 40. 1 p.] 

The same to the similar officers of the Forest of Chute, Hants- 
Lord Charles Pawlet has requested license to cut down and incoppice 



168 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



J ggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

such part of his coppice woods lying in Dole Walk within the Forest 
of Chute as are in course and fit to be sold this year. You are to 
view the same, and to certify what part thereof may be felled this 
year, without destruction of the vert or prejudice to the game, and 
what number of acres the same contains. [Copy. See Vol. ccclxxxiv., 
2?. 41. I^.] 

Dec. ] 4. 65. The King to Attorney-General Bankes. By privy seal of 26th 
WhitehaU. July last we appointed 200,000L to be employed in affairs of great 
weight by the order of the Lord Treasurer, the Earl Marshal, the 
High Admiral, Lord Cottington, Sir Henry Vane, and Sees. Coke 
and Windebank, or any three of them. There have been divers 
sums issued to John Quarles and others, here particularly named, by 
virtue of that privy seal, and warrants given for issuing other sums. 
You are to prepare a warrant directed to the lords and others men- 
tioned in the said privy seal, to ratify the aforesaid disbursements, 
and authorise them to give order for disbursing such other sums as 
shall be issued by virtue of the said privy seal, and also to authorise 
the lieutenant of the ordnance, and all others who by order of the 
said lords and others shall receive any moneys out of the Exchequer 
by virtue of the said privy seal, to employ the same as shall be 
appointed. [Braft. 3 ^p.] 

Dec, 14. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi. p. 51. 2^ p.] 

Dec. 14. 66. Petition of Lady Elizabeth Hatton to the King. Upon 
hearing the cause in Chancery betwixt the petitioner and the heir, 
executors, and feoffees of Sir Edward Coke, your Majesty ordered 
that the manor of Fakenham should be conveyed to petitioner. 
Petitioner has exhibited her bill in ChaScery to discover in whom 
the inheritance of the said manor is, that thereby a lawful con- 
veyance may be made. To which bill John Coke answers, that the 
same was conveyed to him for life, with other remainders over, 
which he refers to the deeds, but refuses to convey the same. Peti- 
tioner beseeches your Majesty to signify to the Lord Keeper that he 
take order for the speedy conveyance of the said manor and that the 
deeds be brought into Chancery without delay, [ip.] Under- 
written, 

66. I. Minute of the pleasure of his Majesty that the order made 
at the council table (lie being present) shall be put in 
execution, wherefore he requires the Lord Keeper to take 
order therein accordingly, and that the deeds mentioned 
be brought into Chancery. [^ p.'\ 

Dec. 14. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccciii, p Vj . \ p.\ 

Dec. 14. Petition of Philip Burlamachi to the King. Having received 
from his Majesty a letter dated 1st March 1628-9, by which 'he 
commanded petitioner to assist the late Earl of Carlisle in his em- 
ployment for his Majesty's affairs in parts beyond seas, petitioner 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 169 



jggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

furnished him with money at home, and credit abroad, for a very- 
considerable sum, whereof at his return he gave satisfaction for the 
most part, leaving, nevertheless, a bond unpaid of 2,] 321., which he 
gave at his departure, with promise to pay the same in April 1629. 
The Earl was often solicited to satisfy the said debt, and, after his 
death, the administrators of his will, but petitioner could never 
obtain payment either of principal or interest, only of late the ad- 
ministrators tendered the principal, which having been kept so many 
years is grown with the interest to the full forfeiture of 4,0001., 
although the interest be accounted barely, and not interest upon 
interest, as usurers commonly do, and as petitioner has been forced 
to pay for great sums to several men. Petitioner prays a command 
to the administrators to satify the said bond, as well interest as 
principal. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii, p 14. ^ p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Earl of Carlisle, Sir James If ay, and Archi- 
bald Hay, feoffees and administrators of the late Sari of 
Carlisle, together with Lord Oorivg, to whom, his Majesty 
has declared his pleasure in this biisiness, to take present 
order for petitioner's satisfaction, both of principal and 
interest, his Majesty holding himself bound in honour to 
see 'petitioner satisfied, in regard the moneys were lent 
upon his Majesty's coTnmand. Whitehall, 14th December 
1638. [Copy. Ibid, p. U. ^ p.] 

Dec. 14. Petition of Sir John Morley to the King. Ed[ward] Higgins, of 
Chichester, casually meeting petitioner in the cloisters adjoining the 
cathedral, upon a conference begun concerning former passages 
grew into much rage against petitioner, being of a quiet disposition 
and unfit for quan-els. Higgins, being beyond all comparison the 
stronger man, in conclusion closed with petitioner, and much abused 
him, though petitioner at first kept him off by his small riding rod, 
having no other weapon. Higgins being of a contentious humour, 
waiving his own proper way of action, threatens to prosecute petitioner 
by indictment, as for an offence against a statute of Edward VI. 
concerning the striking in a church or churchyard with a weapon 
drawn, as if petitioner's ordinary little rod were a weapon drawn 
within that statute, or othei-wise by information in the Star 
Chamber. If petitioner be any way guilty, yet in respect that his 
act was forced upon him, and that he has made satisfaction for what 
error he any way committed against the chnrcii, having received his 
absolution, ready to be shown, he prays his Majesty's pardon, and 
that for speedj'^ satisfaction, if further required, his Majesty will 
refer the premises to the consideration of those who know all parties, 
and are in or about London ; petitioner nevertheless being ready in 
any action at law with a justification, and to answer all damages. 
\Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p 1^. 1^.] Undervmtten, 

1. His Majesty grants the petitioner his pardon and the Solicitor- 
General is to prepare a hill accordingly. Whitehall, 
. I4th December 1639. [Ibid, p. 16. \ p^ 



170 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



^ggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

Dec. 14. 67. Order of Council on a petition presented by Lord Goring and 
Whitehall, others, agents for tobacco licences, showing that upon the first granting 
those licences there was a certain number liraited for divers cities 
and towns. As j'^et in many of the said cities and towns the number 
of licences appointed has not been taken out, whereby his Majesty is 
much hindered in his .revenue thereupon. Petitioners' suit there- 
fore was for an order to fill up the set numbers of licences appointed 
as aforesaid, or otherwise to let to his Majesty's best advantage the 
said vacant licences. It was ordered that the agents for the tobacco 
business should fill up, let, or dispose of all such licences vacant in 
cities and towns, according as they shall find best. [Copy. 1 p.] 

Dec. 14. 68. The Council of War to Sir Eobert Pye. To draw an order 
for issuing to Sir Jacob Astley 382?. 13s. id. for pay allowed to 
him, Sir Thomas Morton, and six captains, appointed to repair into 
sundry counties to view the forces and assist the Deputy Lieutenants ; 
viz., to Sir Jacob Astley at the rate of 11. 6s. 8d. per diem, to Sir 
Thomas Morton at 11., and to the six captains at 15s. per diem, to 
be allowed for two months, commencing from 13tli November last. 
To be reckoned as part of the privy seal of 26th July last for 
200,000?. [Copy. | p.} 

Dec. ] 4. Another copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., 34. p. 34. f ^.J 

Dec. 14. The same to Sir John Heydon. To deliver to Sir Jacob Astley 
the 129?. 18s. Od. received by Sir John out of the Exchequer for 
repairing the fort at the Holy Island [Copy. See this present 
volume, No. 62. |-p] 

Dec. 14. Another copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 32. \ p.] 

Dec. 14. 69. Mark Thomas, Mayor of Rye, to Sec. Windebank. Upon re- 
Eye- ccipt of your letter [see this Volume No. 63], I made enquiry for Lord 
St. John and his servant Ash, and put them in safe custody, and 
commanded two of our sergeants of the mace to watch at their 
chamber doors. I viewed my Lord's and Ash's valises and mails, 
and myself, with Mr. Heily and the clerk of the passage, searched 
them, and the papers found about them I have sent enclosed. I find 
by a master of a boat of this town, by name John Brown, that my 
Lord said to him, that if he found not himself well, the passage boat 
that was to carry him to France should carry him to Gravesend, so 
from thence he would return for London. TSeals with arms 
damaged. 1 p.] 

Dec. 14. 70. Capt. William Legge to Montjoy Earl of Newport. I have 
York. seen the last of Sir Jacob Astley 's provisions delivered at Hull, and 
am on my way to Newcastle, to see what Heath and my Dutchman 
have done there. Within two days I shall be returned from thence, 
and then will give you and Sec. Windebank a fuller account. The 
number of these arms is not answerable to the first proportion sent 
me by Sir Jacob. Their sufiiciency I am not able to inform, my care 
being for their accommodation and lending, having no time for 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 171 



1638. V0L.CCCC1V. 

proof. It is almost two months since I received any of your 
commands. [Endorsed by Sec. Windebank 1 ^.] 

t 

Dec. 14. 71. Certificate of Sir Edward Salter, that William Cape, of 
Garstang, co. Lancaster, had this day taken the oath of allegiance 
before him. [J p.] 

Dec. 14. 72. List of counties assigned to Sir Jacob Astley and to Sir 
Thomas Morton respectively, with the names of the captains who 
with them were to see the trained bands put in order. [ Draft. [1 p.] 

Dec. 14. 73. Copy of the same, [f p.] 

Dec. 14. 74. Statement, attributed in the endorsement to Mr. Stanley, of 
the way in which the business concerning recusants is managed in 
the eleven northern counties, with the reasons why the like business 
has had so slow a progress in the southern parts. The mode of 
proceeding both in south and north is very minutely stated. 
l=Bpp.] 

Dec. 14. 75. Notes upon the above subject, partly probably derived from 
the preceding paper, and partly " from the information of Mr. Stanley 
and Mr. Darrell." ^Incomplete. 4| pp.] 

Dec. 15. Kelease to William Earl of Salisbury of the fines of 1,400?. and 
6,000?. set at the last Justice Seat for Rockingham Forest, touching 
his parks of Brigstock in that forest, and all previous fines incurred 
contrary to the forest laws, in consideration of 3,000?., to be paid by 
1,000?. per annum, with a deafibrestation of the same parks, which 
are now disparked, and licence again to impark the same, with all 
privileges accustomed. [Docqvst.'] 

Dec. 15. Warrant to pay to Sir Jacob Astley, governor of the fort at 
Plymouth and of the island of St. Nicholas, oil?, half year's pay to 
him and the ofiicers and soldiers there. [Bocquet] 

Dec. 15. 76. Sir Robert Rich, Sir WiUiam Becher, Edward Johnson, and 
Lawrence Whitaker to the Council. According to your order of 
29th November last, we have called before us Joseph Symonds, 
William Symonds, George Pickering, and Richard'Gibbs, complained 
of in the petition of Thomas Violet, and have charged them with 
the scandalous speeches therein mentioned, whereunto, though they 
give negative answers, yet still with reservation that they do not 
remember that they uttered such speeches, some of them acknow- 
ledging that speeches of variance passed betwixt them and Violet, 
and that there was contestation, but in a jesting manner ; so that, no 
other being present, no other proof appears against William Symonds, 
Pickering, and Gibbs besides Violet's affidavit ; therefore, they being 
persons that may be useful for his Majesty's service, and bavin o- 
engaged themselves to be for the future conformable to government 
we conceive, if you think fit, to free them, and restore them to their 
liberty of buying and selling gold and silver at the office, it may 
conduce to his Majesty's service. For Joseph Symonds, we find 



172 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



1C38. ^^^- ^^^^^^- 

proof against him by the affidavit of three witnesses, whom we 
leave to be proceeded with as to you shall seem meet. But in re- 
gard of the profession he has made of being sorry for such speeches, 
and of his willingness to conform himself, as also of his poverty and 
great charge of children, if you restore him to his liberty of 
buying silver at the office, we hope it will rather further than 
hinder his Majesty's service. But if he be found in his actions 
contrary to his profession, we shall then think him fitter to be 
proceeded with than spared. [2 pp.] 

Dec. 15. Petition of Thomas Mason to the King. There are divers petty 
commodities, inward and outward, for which there is no custom or 
import at all paid, but the farmers grant bills of store in such cases, 
which is the royal gift, and not accounted in the farm, nor any set 
officer to make the said bills. Petitioner prays order that he 
may have the sole making of bills of store in England and Wales 
for 31 years, with allowance of such reward for the same as the parties 
usually give, rendering his Majesty the yearly rent of 201. per 
annum. {Copy. See Vol. cccciii., p. 13. i p-l Underwritten, 

I. His Majesty being willing to hestow some fit suit up&n peti- 

tionert, refers Ms request to the Lord Treasurer, upon 
whose approbation the Attorney or Solicitor General is to 
draw up a lease to petitioner as the Lord Treasurer 
shall think fit. St. Jameses, ^Qth March 1638. \Oopy. 
Ibid. \ p.l 

II, Lord Treasurer Juxon to the King. Bills of store are of this 

nature ; when the commodity is slight, has suffered detri- 
ment, or is for the proper use of the merchant, the farmers, 
by_ a clause of their patent, may grant a bill of store, 
vjhereby the quantity mentioned in that hill is freed from 
paying custom and impost. I sent to the farmers, and 
found that they claimed the making of these bills in 
respect of the abatement of custom, but in regard of the 
invpost, though they pretend custom for both, they could 
not deny but his Majesty was to appoint the officer for 
that part. [Copy. Ibid, p 14i. i p."] 

Ill His Majesty grants petitioner the office of making bills of store 
for impost, and the Lord Treasurer is to give order for 
preparing a bill for granting the same, with such fee as 
his Lordship shall find fit. Whitehall, 1 5th December 
1638. ICopy. Ibid. ^ p.} 

Dec. 15. 77. Lord Chief Justice Bramston, Lord Chief Justice Finch, and 
Lord Chief Baron Davenport to the Council. In pursuance of 
order of the 9th February last, upon a petition of Sir William 
Killigrew against the Earl of Exeter, for disturbing him in his pos- 
session of certain severals in Revesby, co. Lincoln. In which order the 
matter referred to our consideration was whether the subsequent 
decree of 11th Charles could extend to explain the decree of 6th 



DOMESTIC—CHARLES I. 



173 



1638. 



Dec. 15. 
Dec. 15. 



Dec. 17. 

Ipswich. 



Dec. 17. 

Harwich. 



Dec. 17. 

Yarmouth, 



Vol. CCCCIV. 

Cliarles, or no. We are of opinion that it cannot. The words of the 
decree of 6th Charles being "by Mareham, Revesby, Kirkby, and 
Hagnaby," we are of opinion that those places are named only 
as boundaries, and not to be included in the decree. So that 
the Earl's lands in Revesby being not included in the decree of 6th 
Charles, and so not bound to take notice of that tax, cannot by the 
subsequent explanatory decree of 11th Charles be made liable to a 
sale for nonpayment thereof [=li3'] 

78. Account by Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1637. Total 
received 163,255?. Os. Id, remaining 33,159?. 7s. Id. [1 p,J 

79. Accounts of ship-money for 1G37 remaining in the hands of 
the sheriffs, total 2,240?., which makes the total levied 165,495?., 
being 19,457?. less than was levied on 16th December 1637. [1 p.] 

80. William Moysey and John Barbur, bailiffs of Ipswich, to the 
Council. Upon receipt of your letters of the 11th inst., we caused 
the owners and masters of ships trading for coals to appear before 
us, and acquainted them with your letters, requiring them to go 
to fetch coal from Newcastle for the city of London, we also inti- 
mated to them that his Majesty gave way that such masters and 
owners as should now furnish the City should have liberty to 
sell their coals according to the price of the market. To which they 
answered that they were willing to submit to your commands, and 
informed us that there are about ten or twelve sail of ships laden 
with coals in this harbour, the which have lain ready-bound for Lon- 
don these fourteen days, and will, with the first fair weather, set sail ; 
also there have been between 40 and 50 sail sent to Newcastle 
about three weeks since, which they expect with the first fair wind 
to be at London. They further informed us that there are now in 
this harbour about four or five and twenty sail which suffered damage 
in the late tempestuous weather, and are to be repaired before they 
can be sent to sea, which shall be done with the best expedition they 
can. We also sent a copy of your letters to the mayor of Harwich, a 
member of this port, and desired him to give charge to the masters 
and shipowners there. [Seal with arms. 1 ^.] 

81. Richard Hankin [Mayor of Harwich ?] to the same. According 
to your letter, I sent for the masters of ships belonging to our port, 
being seven which are fit for that service. Five of them are laid up 
on the Ouse, and cannot get off until a spring tide, which will be a 
day or two after Christmas Day. The other two were laying up their 
ships, but hearing your pleasure, presently addressed themselves for 
Newcastle, and are gone this day. [1 jf>.] 

82. Thomas Medowe and Thomas Manthorp, bailiffs of Great 
Yarmouth, to the same. In answer to your letter of the 11th inst., 
there is not, in this port, any shipping heretofore employed in fetching 
coals, but the same is still continued, and not any shipping has been 
laid up Avhich has been formerly in that trade, the number being 



174 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638, 



Vol. CCCCrV. 



eight vessels, to whom we have made known his Majesty's commands. 
ISeal of the town. 1 ^.] 

Dec. 17. 83. Attorney-General Bankes and Solicitor-General Littleton to 
the Council. According to order of the 16th inst., we have called the 
tinners of Cornwall and his Majesty's tin-farmers, and we certify 
that, by indenture of 8th January 1635-6, the farmers are to pay 
the tinners and owners of tin-works in Cornwall, 30Z. for every 
thousand stannary weight of white, soft, merchantable tin. The 
tinners and owners desire to have 34L 3s. 4(Z. for every thousand, 
which is a penny in a pound increase of price. The farmers will not 
yield, in regard they say the commodity will not bear it ; but they 
are willing to surrender their new lease for seven years, so that they 
may receive satisfaction for two years' tin upon their hands, according 
to the price they bought it at, with interest for their monej' and 
charges ; or, if the succeeding farmers will not buy their stock, that 
then they may have a year's time to vend it ; and during that time 
that the succeeding farmers may vend no tin ; and the increased rent 
offered by the new farmers may go to the tinners, to increase the 
price of their tin. \I)amaged by damp. | p.] 

t 

Dec. 17. 84. Dr. Peter Turner to Archbishop Laud. Describes the reception 
Merton College, which the archbishop's orders for the regulation of Merton College 
met with from Sir Nathaniel Brent. He made show to approve of 
them, with some additions which he desired Turner to represent to 
the archbishop. Most of the additions are the same which are men- 
tioned in Sir Nathaniel's letter of this same date. Among those not 
so mentioned, he desired that the fellows might be required to speak 
Latin at all times within the college, and not merely at meals in the 
hall, which Turner thought superfluous, as already required. He 
disliked an order which limited men's absence from the college and 
required them to ask leave, as contrary to the former liberties and 
custom of the college, and suggested a register in which men were 
to enter their names at going forth and returning. Concerning the 
choice of their brewer, the archbishop had interdicted them to choose 
Mr. Carpenter. Turner suggests that during this visitation it was 
unfit for the archbishop to over-rule a matter of that nature in behalf 
of a man whose relation to the archbishop, and his religion, might 
render the archbishop's action obnoxious to misconstruction. On 
these grounds Turner expressed his hope that the interdict would be 
recalled. [1^ p.} 

Dec. 17. 85. Sir Nathaniel Brent to the same. Your directions in your 
Oxford. letter of the 7th inst. shall be punctually observed. In the first of 
the orders formerly sent to the college which concerns the coming 
into the college hall to meals, something may be fitly added. In 
regard no penalty is set down, some make bold to absent themselves, 
and others come so late that it is very troublesome to those that 
keep their times better to sit at the table until these have ended 
their meals. It may be ordered that all the commons be brought 
into the hall every dinner and supper, which will cause those to 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 175 



^ggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

•whom they belong to follow them, that they may not lose their 
meal. At the hearing at Lambeth you prefixed a time for all those 
that held benefices to resolve whether they would adhere to their 
benefices or to their fellowships. The words were indefinitely de- 
livered, and are so expressed in the 12th order. I suppose, therefore, 
that you meant only those who formerly might have kept both, and 
not those who by statute and custom were to leave the college at the 
end of their year of grace. I leave it to your determination, and 
move it now because Mr. Woodcock's year of grace is lately ended. 

Dec. 17. 86. Sir John Manwood to [Robert] Eeade, Principal Secretary to 
Sec. Windebank. I have sent you a copy of the foreign droits and 
duties, by which yoa may see that, although they do not pay for 
passing the boom in France as they do in Flanders, yet they pay for 
congas, which is the same thing. To go down before this business 
be settled I cannot, for I shall be a scorn in my office, and so made 
incapable to serve the King at Dover. And this I humbly desire 
Sec. Windebank to take into his consideration. \_Seal with arms. 
Ip.] 

Dec. 17. 87. Copy of the principal part of the foregoing. [1^ p.\ 

Dec. 18. Warrant to the Sub-Dean and Prebendaries of St. Peter's, West- 
minster, to pay into the Exchequer all moneys belonging to the 
Bishop of Lincoln as their Dean, \Pocquet\ 

Dec. 18. Warrant for payment to William Ledman, appointed one of the 
yeoman prickers of the privy buckhounds, in place of William 
Connock, deceased, 2s. per diem for wages, and 20s. yearly fur a 
livery at Christmas, {pocquetl 

Dec. 18. A like for payment to William Pitman, also appointed yeoman 
pricker, in place of the said William Connock ; 20d per diem, and 20s. 
yearly for a livery at Christmas. [Docquet.^ 

Dec. 18. A like for payment to George Fryer, one of the j-eomen of the 
waggon for the privy buckhounds, in place of William Rawson, 
deceased, 261. 13s. id. per annum, quarterly, and 20s. yearly for a 
livery at Christmas. [Docqiiet^ 

Dec. 1 8. Pardon to Thomas Watkins, William King, James Pybus, Thomas 
Barnes, Hugh Watkins, William Blithman and Adam Lambert, 
beavermakers of London, of all offences by them committed in 
that art wherewith they are charged by an information exhibited in 
the Star Chamber. [Docquet] 

Dec. 18. The King to the Archbishop of Canterbury and the rest of the 
Commissioners for Sutton's Ho.spital, to admit Robert Jones, late his 
Majesty's haberdasher, to the next pensioner's place. [Docquef] 



176 DOMESTIC— CIIATILES I. 



,-„_ Vol. CCCCIV. 

Dec. 18. Grant of denization for William Maccord, his Majesty's servant, 
born in Scotland, and for Margaret Tayler, widow, Anne de Petain, 
and Abraham Kuffeler, born in foreign parts, part of the number 
granted to David Alexander. [DocquetJ] 

Dec. 18. 88. The King to Sir John Astley, Sergeant-Major General of the 
Whitehall. Field. Instructions : — To make his repair to cos. Leicester, Notting- 
ham, Derby, Stafford, Rutland, Lincoln, the west riding of York- 
shire, and Northumberland, with the towns of Hull and Newcastle, 
and to see the letters of the Council for mustering the trained bands 
put in execution, their arms viewed, their persons exercised, and 
a survey taken of the public magazines. At Hull he is to make a 
survey how that town is to be fortified, to view the arms sent from 
the Tower and brought from the Low Countries, and to leave Capt. 
Ballard and Mr. Pinkney there to assist Capt. Legge, and to see the 
ordnance that is to come from Holland and the Tower well stowed. 
Thence he is to repair to York, to muster the trained hands, and raise 
the regiments from 1,000 to 1,500 men. Thence he is to repair to 
Newcastle, and to consider how it may be made safe. He is to view 
' also the castle of Tynemouth, and a piece of ground at Shields whereon 
to raise a sconce. He is also to view the rivers Tweed and Tyne, 
and the passages, and to consider the fittest places for making stages 
for supply of victuals, also what corn, butter, and cheese may be 
had in that country, and a suflBcient proportion of roust-waggons. 
He is also to survey the fort on the Holy Island, and consider how 
the garrison there may be reinforced secretly and without noise. He 
is to advertise the Earl Marshal or one of the secretaries of his 
proceedings. [4| pp.'\ 

« 

[Dec. 18.] 89. Copy of the same. [15 pp.] 

[Dec. 18.] Further copy. \_See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 36. 6J pp."] 

[Dec. 18.] 90. First rough draft in the handwriting of Sir Henry Vane. 
[6 pp.] 

Dec. 18. 91. Draft finally settled in the handwriting of Nicholas. [6 pp.] 

Dec. 18. 92. Petitionof James Lord Kintyre to the King. Petitioner's late 
deceased father, Archibald Earl of Argyle, was, a little before his death, 
a suitor to your Majesty' for new letters patent of the marshes of 
Tydd St. Mary's, Holbeach, Wigtoft, and Moulton, co. Lincoln, granted 
by the late King to Charles Glemham and others by letters patent 
dated 29th April 1615, in trust for petitioner's father and his heirs. 
The consideration of whose desires your Majesty referred to Lord 
Cottington and the Attorney-General, who have made certificate, as by 
petition and certificate annexed. All which before-mentioned premises 
petitioner's father has left to petitioner for his principal support. 
There appears no exception against the said grant, but that the 
marshes have not been embanked as was covenanted, which has not 
happened by any neglect, but by the disturbance of intruders and 
pretenders, against whom proceedings have been liad. Petitioner 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 177 



jggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

intends to proceed therein if, by a more full assurance from his 
Majesty (he and his partners being to expend great sums of money 
therein), they shall be encouraged to proceed. Hopes his Majesty 
will continue his favour to petitioner, and will waive all strict advan- 
tage of law, the rather as his Majesty has lost little or nothing that 
was ever enjoyed by the Crown, petitioner's father having most 
suffered in losing benefit of his grant made upon consideration of 
good service against the Macgregors in Scotland. Prays warrant to 
the Attorney-General to prepare a bill for a grant to petitioner under 
the former rent. [J p.] Underwritten, 

92. I. Reference to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington to 
certify the value of the lands mentioned in this petition. 
Whitehall, I8th December 1638. [i j>.] Endorsed, 

92. II. The Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington to the King. The 
late Earl of Argyle petitioned your Majesty for certain 
marsh lands, and had a grant of 10,000 acres, upon con- 
dition that they should be embanked and inned by a time 
limited, luhich, not being at all performed, Mr. Attorney 
lately reported that that patent was of no validity. The 
lands lie within the Great Level, and are a part of your 
Majesty's undertaJcing to drain the same. We conceive 
it to be our duty not to set a value upon these lands until 
you dispose and order the luhole, but of late %ue have not 
sold lands of this nature under 4()s. per acre. [| ^.] 

Dec. 1 8. Petition of Sir Francis Kynaston to the King. Petitioner and 
his poor children having been very liardly used by his father. Sir 
Edward Kynaston, have been enforced (as no mediation of friends 
could prevail) to have recourse to your Majesty's justice, and by 
divers petitions to implore relief, wherein, although you have wi'itten 
your letter of recommendation to Sir Edward Kynaston, who has 
also long since received a friendly letter from the Earl of Stirling 
and Sec. Windebank, yet he has really performed nothing in 
obedience thereto. Petitioner's suit is for a reference to Archbishop 
Laud and others of the Council, that they may send for Sir Edward, 
and upon full hearing make such an end as they shall think 
conformable to his Majesty's pleasure. {Copy. See Vol. cccciii., ' 
p. 17. I p.] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to Archbishop Laud, Lord Treasurer Juxon, the 
Earls of Dorset, Holland, and Stirling, and Sec. Winde- 
bank, to call the parties before them, and determine their 
differences. Whitehall, ISth December 1638, [Copy. 
Ibid., p. lb. Ip.l 

Dec. 18, 93. Petition of Sir Popham Southcote, his Majesty's farmer and 
servant, to the same. Had long laboured to advance your Majesty's 
profit, and at last became a farmer, on extreme hard conditions, both 
of rent and security, being compelled to enter into bonds of unusual 
and extraordinary penalty. Sets forth the difficulties he has met 

13, M 



178 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 



■with, the business being highly discountenanced ; great opposition 
raised by the soap-makers, and refusal to pay the duties ; so that he 
Las expended much more than he has received. He has also met 
■with so many casualties that at best he can hope for no gain, but 
must supply the rent with his o^wn charge and labour. Prays a 
grant of reasonable time for payment of his first half-year's rent, and 
that no advantage may be taken against petitioner by suing his 
great bonds. [| p.] Underwritten, 

93. I. Reference to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Oottington, 
calling to them the Attorney-Oeneral, to take a course for 
relief of petitioner as they shall find fit. Whitehall, 
18th December 1638. [i p.} Endorsed, 

93. II. The Lord Treasurer and Lord Oottington to the King. The 

above petition discovers much weakness in j>etitioner's estate 
and judgment. Your Majesty may remember with hov) 
much importunity he obtained this farm, which was taken 
from Mr. Saint Hill, a discreet and powerful man, who in- 
deed was the author of the business, and without all doubt 
luould have settled it with less noise and trouble. Peti- 
tioner now, instead of paying his rent, seems to complain 
of hard measure, as if the farm had been put upon him, 
or that he has not had all reasonable assistance. If he be 
now unable to pay 1,250Z., which is the half-year's rent, 
we conceive he will be less able to pay 2,5 OOZ., which will 
be due at the year's end, and so at last your Majesty will 
lose your rent, and be forced to settle new tenants formerly 
refused. 20th December 1638. [f^.] 

Dec. 18. 94. The Council of War to Sir Eobert Pye. To draw an order 
■Whitehall, for issuing to Sir Jacob Astley 1,000Z. upon account, to be reckoned 

as part of the 200,000Z. to be issued by privy seal. [Draft, f p.] 

Endorsed, 

94. I. Memorandum by Nicholas. A letter to H[umphrey] 

Hlide], sheriff of Berks, to send a summons to the rest of 
the sheriffs for sortie representatives to meet for assessing 
the sums payable for setting forth a ship of 450 tons. 
[9 lines.l 

Dec. 18. Copy of the foregoing letter of the Council of War. [See 
Vol. cccxcvi., p. 50. ^ p.] 

Dec. 18. 95. Order of Lord Treasurer Juxon and Lord Cottington for pay- 
ment of 551. to Thomas Patt, master of the harriers and beagles, 
upon his fee of 1201. per annum for himself, one footman and four 
horsemen, and his allowance of lOOit. per annum for keeping 20 
couple of hounds for his Majesty's disport. [Underwritten. Request 
of Sir Robert Pye to Mr. Savile to pay the above. 1 p.J 

Dec. 18. 96. See " Returns made by Justices of Peace." 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 1/9 



1638. Vol. CCCCIV. 

Dec. 19. 97. The King to Robert Earl of Essex, Lord Lieutenant of co. 

Whitehall. Stafford. We have from time to time given directions to the Council 
to signify our pleasure to the lords lieutenants for the mustering and 
exercising the trained bands. Lest those directions should not 
have been so exactly observed as these times require, we again com- 
mand the execution of our former directions, and, that our forces of 
that county may be in readiness, we have sent Capt. Erneley to 
you, whose advice we would have you to cause to be observed. 
We likewise recommend to your care the increasing of the numbers 
both of horse and foot, so as to make a regiment of 1,000 men 1,500, 
and so proportionably. You will shortly receive order that the lands 
of all persons in that county are to be rated towards these services. 
[Draft. Hp.] 

Dec. 19. Copy thereof. [See Vol. cocxcvi., ff. 47. If p.] 

Dec. 19. 98. First rough draft thereof by Nicholas. [| p.'] 

Dec. 19. Docquet thereof [Docquet.l 

Dec. 19. Docquet of similar letter to William Earl of Derby and James 
Lord Strange, lieutenants of cos. Chester and Lancaster. [Docquet.'\ 

Dec. 19. A like to William Earl of Newcastle, Lord Lieutenant of co. Not- 
tingham. [Bocquet] 

Dec. 19. A like to Henry Earl of Huntingdon, Lord Lieutenant of cos. 
Leicester and Rutland. [Docquet.^ 

Dec. 19. A like to Robert Earl of Lindsey, Lord Lieutenant of co. Lincoln, 

[Bocquet.l 

Dec. 19. A like to WiUiam Earl of Devon, Lord Lieutenant of co. Derby. 
[Docqv^t.'] 

Dec. 19. Presentation of John Donne, LL.D., to the rectory of Ufford, co. 
Northampton, void by resignation of Thomas Nicholson. [Docquef] 

Dec. 19. A like for Michael Hudson, M.A., to the rectory of Uffington, co. 
Lincoln, void by death. [Docquet.'] 

Dec. 19. Warrant to Sir David Cunningham, receiver of his Majesty's 
revenue as Prince of Wales, to pay to Anthony Roberts, one of his 
Majesty's musicians appointed to teach the Princess Mary to sing, 
100 marks a year. [Docquet] 

[Dec. 19.] 99. The King to Sir Thomas Morton, Colonel, and Gentleman of 
the Privy Chamber. Instructions : — He is to make repair into 
COS. Chester, Lancaster, East and North Ridings of Yorkshire, 
Cumberland, Westmorland, and Durham, to see the letters 
of the Council long since sent for mustering the trained bands 
duly put in execution, and a survey to be taken of ihe public 
magazines, also to give account thereof to the Earl Marshal. He 
is to desire the Bishop of Durham to call to him the deputy 
lieutenants of that county who are colonels, to appoint fit days 

M 2 



180 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 

and places for the musters, that the trained bands may be in 
readiness for defence of the kingdom, to treat with the said 
colonels to reinforce the regiments from 1,000 men to 1,500. 
Every colonel is to speak with his captains to provide themselves 
with a waggon or cart for the company's accommodation, for 
which the King will give allowance, and every captain to appoint 
every soldier of his company to have with him a knapstack, 
wherein to carry certain days' victuals. He is to " use the colonels 
with all humanity," to assure them they shall be employed if fit, 
and if they want able officers, to supply them out of his list. 
He is to consider of the fittest places for stages for supply of 
victuals for sustaining an army, and what store of corn, butter, 
cheese, and victuals is to be had in the country, and at what 
rates. His chiefest place of residence being to be Durham, he is 
to consider how the army may be best drawn together and 
quartered there, and how a sufficient proportion of waste waggons 
may be provided there, and if there be any gunsmiths in tho^e 
parts, and if so to encourage them to set in hand with making 
snaphaunces or other arms or utensils of war. He is to take 
notice what voluntary offers shall be made by the nobility or 
gentry to do the King service, and to advertise the state of the 
King's affairs, and what he conceives [fit ?] to be done for the 
advancement of the same. \Copy. 2f _p^.] 

Copy of the above. \_See Vol. cccxcvi., p. 43. 4;^ p.] 

100. Notes made by Nicholas on the settlement of a draft of the 
preceding, with a variety of suggested emendations. [1| p.'] 

101. Order of the King in Council. Upon consideration of 
petitions of the Cinque Ports, the towns of Southampton, Poole, 
Weymouth, Melcombe Regis, Great Yarmouth, Lewes, and the 
traders in fish and salt of London, touching the vending of salt made 
at Shields, and upon heoTing the agents of the ports, and the answer 
of Thomas Horth and the new undertakers of the salt business, and 
conceiving it to be a matter of great advantage that salt made within 
his Majesty's own dominions should be preferred before foreign salt, 
and finding that salt made in his Majesty's dominions is sufficient 
for use if it be skilfully handled, it was ordered, that the said 
business be forthwith established, and that for the price Lord Trea- 
surer Juxon and Lord Cottington a.re to call before them some fisher- 
men and others, and upon hearing them and the said Horth, to set 
down at what prices salt shall be sold by the patentees. [H ^-J 

102. Similar order. Upon consideration of the petition of the 
tinners of Cornwall for an increase of price, and upon hearing divers 
tin owners and his Majesty's tin farmers, it was ordered that there 
shall be 2,000Z. per annum allowed to the tinners by way of increase 
of price upon a year's preparation of tin made in that county, whereof 
his Majesty, out of the revenue of that farm, allows 1,0001. yearly, 
and the tin farmers, at his Majesty's instance, allow 1,000?. per 
annum more, during their farm, of which increase of price his Majesty 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 181 



lg38_ Vol. CCCCIV. 

declared that he intends the poor labourers belonging to the said 
tin-works to receive the benefit, and gave special charge to the 
gentlemen that attended to see it accordingly disposed of. \_Draft 
by Nicholas. 1 p.] 

Dec. 19. 103. Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery to Sir John 
Whitehall. Pennington. Upon the difiiculty we found to be repaired upon the 
Dunkirkers for injuries done us, and our application to you for 
repair, you wrote, nominating then some obstacles, that if they were 
removed that business would be done with more ease, which though 
we apprehended we had done, yet finding our reparation to be short 
of our expectations, we apprehend that either we were short in our 
performances, or our letters came short to you. We are yet far 
behind with them, notwithstanding the injury lately done us by 
their contemptuous taking the master out of our buss, the Salisbury, 
and carrying him away till we shall ransom him at the price they put 
upon him. So that now, besides our loss, the State suifers in point 
of dishonour, and as you have your share in both, so we hope you 
will do your uttermost for the repair of the whole. \_SeOjl with arms, 
I p.] 

Dec. 19. 104. Sir James Douglas to Sec. Windebank. Some of our Council 
Ber[wick-upon-niake comments upon his Majesty's covenant, which trouble much, 
"''^^ ■-' inferring the former and this to be all one. His Majesty's commis- 
sioner has made declaration that their inverting of his expressions is 
contrary to the intention of his meaning. I suspect his Majesty 
shall take himself better by tlie hand before he truly knows all. 
We presume too much upon his gracious goodness. We hear there 
is [a] garrison providing for this town. If so be, I entreat that 
with them may come arms for 300 men, which shall be taken to his 
Majesty's service, and paid. This town is not of itself sufficient 
without help. If the people of Scotland break, this is of much con- 
sideration. Keceive here[with] such printed passages as are. This 
book of Aberdeen doctors was not suflPered to come abroad as soon 
as it was " owtin." [2 pp-^ 

Dec. 19. 105. James Lord Livingstone of Almont or Almond to his cousin 
Pinkie. Thomas Livingstone. Concerning the plate now in Mr. Thomson's 
keeping, I hope he will surely keep it. Concerning the money 
you have so often written for, I admire it is so long unpaid, having 
given order, by letters, several times, that it should have come to 
you from Holland. For news here I refer to the bearer, my nephew, 
expecting you will acquaint me of what is with you that concerns 
us here. P.S. — Mrs. Threne's money was paid three months ago. 
[^Endorsed by Sec. Windebank. Seal with arms, broken. 1 p.] 

Dec. 19. 106. Petition of James Phillips, his Majesty's footman in ordinary, 
to Archbishop Laud. On Sunday the 14th inst., at Rickmansworth, 
petitioner, coming to divine prayers after dinner, found in his seat 
in the church, for which he renders due satisfaction, one John 
Parcell, a dancing master, whom petitioner desired in friendly 



182 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638, 



Vol. CCCCIV. 

manner to depart, which Parcell refusing, petitioner endeavoured to 
put him forth, so that the minister commanded both to depart 
thence, which was obeyed. Prays to be freed from his offence, and 
will conform himself to whatsoever the Archbishop shall appoint. 
[iP-l Underwritten, 

106. I. Reference to Sir John Lamhe. In regard petitioner so 

willingly submits himself, Sir John is to show him what 
lawful favour he can for his freedom from further trouble. 
1638, December Idth. [i p.] 

Warrant under the Signet, whereby his Majesty gives power to 
Nathaniel Butter and Nicholas Bourne, stationers, for printing and 
publishing all matter of history or news of any foreign place or 
kingdom, since the first beginning of the late German wars to this 
present, and also for translating and publishing in the English 
tongue all News, "Novels," Gazettes, Currantos, or Occurrences 
that concern foreign parts, &c. for the term of 21 years, they paying 
yearly towards the repair of St. Paul's the sum of lOl. [Bocquef] 

Pardon and release to Mary Barker and William Yeomans, in con- 
sideration of 1 SOI. paid to his Majesty's use, of their offences in pro- 
curing Matthew Rogers, a minor, to levy , a fine of the manor of 
Alderley, co. Gloucester. [Bocquet.'] 

The King to the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, Oxford, 
requiring them to suppress a supper or meeting annually held there 
by the scholars chosen from Westminster school, called a West- 
minster supper. [^Docquet.l 

Grant of a pension of 2501. to Elizabeth, wife of Sir William 
Fleetwood, and sole daughter and heir of Dame Christian Harvey, for 
life, if she survive her husband. [^Docqiiet.] 

Warrant to Sir David Cunningham, Eeceiver of his Majesty's 
Revenue as Prince of Wales, to pay to Peter Massonett appointed to 
instruct the Prince in the French tongue 60Z. per annum. [Docquet.'] 

107. Sir Thomas Morton to Sec. Windebank. Sir Jacob Astley 
and myself, with the rest of the officers, having met here this night 
so far upon our journey, we find some of the letters to the lords 
lieutenants wanting ; namely, a letter for myself and Capt. Richard 
Gibson to the vice-president, as also a letter for Capt. Henry Waytes, 
designed for Cumberland and Westmorland. Except the defect 
be speedily supplied we shall be exceedingly disordered in our affairs. 
A little loss of time now may be of much disadvantage to the ser- 
vice. [1 p.li 

108. Nicholas to Sir Robert Hutton. According to the Lords' 
command, I attended this morning Sir R[obertJ C[arr], whose 
answer is, that he will send counsel to attend Mr. Recorder, to 
perfect the agreement set down in writing by the Lords' directions 
at first ; but as for the new proposition made to him by the Lords at 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 183 



1638. Vol. CCCCIV. 

their last meeting, he desires time to consider of it. As for the 2001. 
he says it has been ready this fortnight, and he will deliver it as 
soon as he shall receive from my Lords his plate and linen, or be 
assured that it is at his house in the country, to be delivered to such 
as he shall appoint. This is his answer, which I shall deliver to the 
Lords as soon as they meet upon any other business, and wherein 
my endeavours may contribute to the service of that noble lady, I 
shall esteem the same happily employed. [Rough draft, damaged. 

Dec. 20. 109. Petition of Ann Key to Archbishop Laud. Petitioner 
having had a child by Bartholomew Hutchins about three years 
since, and being very poor, has kept the said child ever since, and 
never had any help from him, until of late he has conveyed the child 
to some private place, being then visited with the small pox, en- 
deavouring to make away with the child, and gives out that she 
shall never see it again, petitioner taking so much grief by reason 
she knows not what is become of her child, that through want and 
poverty she is likely to perish. Prays reference to Sir John Lambe 
and Dr. Merrick, to the intent she may have the keeping of her 
child, and may be allowed means for its maintenance. [| p.J 
Underwritten, 

109. I. Reference to Sir John Lambe and Dr. Merrick to take such 

order as they shall find to be just. December 20th, 1638. 

Dec, 20. 110. Officers of Ordnance to TVEontjoy Earl of Newport. Accord- 
Office of ing to order fi-om the Earl Marshal, Mr. Comptroller Vane, and Sec. 

Ordnance, "w^indebank, dated the 13th inst., you will receive herewith the 
number, state, and condition of all the armours, pikes, swords, belts, 
and bandoleers lately brought out of the Low Countries, as by the 
certificates of the respective artificers may appear. [| ^.J En- 
closed, 

110. I. Certificate of the Armourers of the city of London, being 

commanded by the Master and Lieutenant of the OrdnaMce 
to distinguish every kind of the Dutch arms, and set a 
value on every kind. 1,521 armours are divided into 
jive classes, varying in value from 15s. each to 2s. 6d.; 
there being 421 of the best ; 106 old, but of the better sort, 
valued at lOa. each; 414 old and small, valued at 6s. 
each; 260 light, valued at 9s.; and 320 little, with whole 
bands, valued at 2s. 6d. The armours consisted of breasts, 
backs, head-pieces, and gorgets, and there is a return of 
the number and character of each class, more than 300 of 
each being declared "naught." Tower of London, 6th 
December 1638. [2 pp.J 
110. II. Similar certificate as to 2,000 pikes which were ordered 
to be 16 feet in length and 1^ inch in diameter. 1,735 
ranged between 15^ feet and 13|, the remaining 265 were 
declared to be unserviceable. Of the whole number it is 



184 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 

said, " Were they in our shops we could itot vent them, in 
this kingdom at any rate." Tmmr of London, Qth December 
1638. [I p.] 

110. III. The like as to the bandoleers. As to the straps or belts, 
a certificate of six able and experienced men in leather is 
annexed, from luhich it appears that they are altogether un- 
serviceable for his Majesty's use. Tower of London, 7th 
December 1638. [IJi^.] Annexed, 

110. III. i. Certificate of the six able persons above mentioned,, 
who, being sworn, point out a variety of imperfec- 
tions and some frauds (as the substitution of brown 
paper instead of leather for lining), whereby the 
articles were Tnade to seem fair and, strong, but were 
not so. Tower of London, 7th Decetnber 1638. [1 p.] 

110. IV. Similar certiticate as to the swords. The hilts, handles, 
and scabbards were found serviceable, and the shapes for 
the Tnost part defective. The sivords which were found 
serviceable were approved, and those defective were put 
into tlie hands of the proof-masters, whose return is 
annexed. 10th December 1638. [I p.'] Annexed, 

110. IV. i. Return as to 1,323 swords viewed Vjth December 
1638; 807 were found serviceable, and valued at 
6s, a piece; 516 defective, and valued at 2s. Qd. each. 

110. V. Similar certificate as to the girdles, hangers, and belts. 

The girdles and, hangers were declared to be old, ".the 
heart of the leather being worn out,'' and the belts were 
made of leaMer only fit for linings. Such leather was 
not used for such purposes in this country, not being held 
by law sufficient. Toiver of London, 20th December 1638. 
[1^.] 

111. Sir William Beclier to Nicholas. Please to move for the 
release of William Morgan, lately committed. I have taken bond 
with a good surety that he shall work no more without leave from 
his Majesty, and he has delivered all his tools, which are sealed up. 

Up-'] 

112. Estimate of the OflBcers of the Ordnance for 1,000 carbines 
with snaphammer locks, completely furnished; total, 1,517^- 6s. 8c?. 
[2 pp.] 

Grant of pardon to Sir John Morley for his offence by a quarrel 
between him and Edward Higgons in the cloisters of Chichester 
Cathedral. [Docgue^.] 

Warrant to pay 2001. to Mrs. Mary Woodman, late wet-nurse to 
the Princess Elizabeth, as of free gift and reward in consideration of 
her service. [Docquet] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 185 



jggg Vol,, ccccrv. 

Dec. 22. Grant of protection to Ralph Massey, scrivener, for one year, with 
the usual exceptions, and also except matters depending or to be 
commenced agaiast him in Chancery. [^Docqueti] 

Dec. 22, "Warrant to William Kent, Messenger of the Chamber, to take 
into custody all members of the corporation of beaver makers who 
shall not make their account and pay their duty of 12cL upon a hat, 
according to their contract, [^Docquet] 

Dec. 22. Warrant to the Master of the Great Wardrobe for a livery for 
David Forest, one of the grooms of the Robes in ordinary, in place 
of John Hart. \_Docquet.'\ 

Dec. 22. A like to the Treasurer and other Officers of the Household, to pay 
to John Giffard and Solomon Cole, yeoman and groom of the bows 
to the Queen, 1 2d. per diem to each of them for their board wages, 
provided a former warrant be made void. [^Docquet.'] 

Dec. 22. Grant of the office of Surveyor for the Starch business to William 
Ryley during life, with the yearly fee of lOOl. to be paid by the 
Company of Starchmakers. [Docquet.J 

Dec. 22. The King to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. Requires him to accept 
from the Lord Baron of Kirkcudbright a surrender of the troop of 
horse he now commands there, and to grant the same to his son-in- 
law, Robert Maxwell, who for 1 3 years has been a lieutenant of the 
said troop. [^DocquetJ] 

Dec. 22, 113. Edward Fenn to Nicholas. Since the two last certificates 
there had been received 230^. ship-money for 1636 and 43i. 6s. for 
1637, and 2001. or 300?. is said to be in town, and will be paid in 
from the sheriff of Norfolk upon 1637. [J p.] 

Dec. 22. 114. Petition of Philip Knyvett, son and heir of Sir Philip 
Knyvett, to Archbishop Laud and Henry Earl of Manchester. Not- 
withstanding your certificate, and his Majesty's allowance thereunto, 
wherein petitioner's mother is to pay him the arrears after 4>0l. a year 
of his former allowance of 60l. per annum,, which she denies to per- 
form still to keep petitioner in prison, for want of means for himself, 
his wife, and family, and to discharge the warden of the Fleet's fees, 
which come to some 2QI. for petitioner's chamber for a year and three 
quarters, besides some other charges (which, without such moneys as his 
mother is ordered by his Majesty to pay,) he can never be discharged 
nor able to subsist. Beseeches tlie said Lords that his mother may 
be compelled speedily to perform his Majesty's order, or to show 
cause why she doth not. [| ^.] Ann£xecl, 

114. I. Affidavit of Thomas Whittingham. Upon the 15th inst. 
he served an order from his Majesty upon Lady Knyvett, 
wife of Sir Philip Knyvett, bearing date the 12th inst, 
and showed the very order itself. 22nd December 1638. 

[If] 



186 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



^ggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

Dec. 23. Commissioners for Gunpowder to the Master of the Ordnance. 
Warrant to deliver half a last of gunpowder at 18cZ. per lb. to Hugh 
Owen, for replenishing the magazine of co. Pembroke. [^Minute. 
Booh of Warrants for Gunpowder, see Vol. ccclv., No. 61, p. 10. 

Dec. 23. 115. Algernon Earl of jSTorthumberland to Sir John Pennington, 
My house, Admiral of the Fleet, in the St. Andrew, in the Downs. His Majesty 
Queen s street. |jgjjjg pleased, at the earnest request of Count Henry of Nassau (now 
in the Downs), to accommodate him with some vessel under your com- 
mand for his transportation into Holland, you are to give order to Capfc. 
Robert Fox, of the Tenth Whelp, to receive him on board, together 
with his company and baggage, so as his Majesty's said vessel be not 
cumbered in case of fight, and to transport him to such port in Hol- 
land as he shall desire, and without delay to return to you again. 
[Fine impression of the Earl's seal. 1 p.] 

116. Thomas Kynnaston to Richard Harvey. We have no news 
of the ship, neither can I conceive that she is nearer than Lee, so 
that it will be impossible for Mr. Porter to go and return to-morrow. 
[J^.] 

117. John Ashburnham to Nicholas. By your good care I have 
received my brother Cornwallis's present of hawks. I send to- 
morrow to Sir Richard Gifibrd to be advised as to putting them 
into the mew. My journey to my Lord of Hertford shall not be 
long unfinished, but I hear Mr. Hyde, of Salisbury, who is my Lord's 
counsel, has possessed him that he must have a covenant from us to 
surrender Robert Nicholas's lease after the death of Lady Beauchamp, 
which is a madness to imagine we shall do. I am glad to hear 
Mr. Major is at Hampton [Southampton]. I will speak to him on 
my journey to Netley. I hear he complains of ill-usage from 
Mr. Goddard. I am glad that Mr. Swettenham has paid you the 
200Z. Sorry to hear of the continuance of the rebellious humours 
of the Scots. God, I hope, will appease them by dividing them 
among themselves. Thanks for the news of Mr. Courteine's [Cour- 
teen's ?] ship's arrival, for our part lies therein. Put on your sad 
weeds, for the dun bastard Barbary, and the Friar, and the other 
young dun pigeon are all dead. Remember to make my excuse to 
Lord Cottington. [1 p.] 

118. Examination of Edward Hurst, of Cambridge, tailor. Came 
to London on Thursday last, and lodged at the Bull in Bishopsgate 
Street, and this day, inquiring for a friend of his, was told that he 
might find him at a house in Rederiffe [Rotherhithe], whic\ made him 
go thither, where he found about 20 or 30 persons, men and women, 
all strangers to him, where they did all pray together, and disputed 
and exhorted one another, and there continued about two hours 
together, until the constables and officers of Rotherhithe came in 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 187 



1638. ■ VoL.'CCCCIV. 

[and] took some of them away. Denies that he exhorted or disputed 
with them. [J p.] Underwritten, 

118. I. Certificate of the churchwardens and constables of Rother- 
hithe. Going about in time of divine service to see good 
order kept, they found Philippa Cowlate, Frances Green, 
Benjamin Pratt, Martha Elliot, and John Ellis, and divers 
others that ran away, gathered together in a house where 
one Hayward dwells, he bei/ng at sea, and his wife with 
her friends in the country, but how they came in the house 
the officers know not. [It appears from notes in the 
margin that all these persons were bailed, except Martha 
Elliot, whose word was taken. They are termed Brownists 
in the endorsement. | p.] 

Dec. 24. Licence to John Browne to travel into parts beyond seas for three 
years. [Docquet^ 

Dec. 24. Warrant to pay 500?. to the Earl of Kelly as of his Majesty's 
bounty. [Bocqueti] 

Dec. 24. "Warrant to the Master of the Great Wardrobe for a livery of 76s. 
per annum for William Pitman, one of the huntsmen for the buck- 
hounds in ordinary, in the place of William Connock, deceased. 
l^Docquetil 

Dec. 24. A like for a like livery for William Ledman, one of the huntsmen 
for the buckhounds in ordinary, in place of William Connock, 
deceased. [Docquet^ 

Dec. 24. A like for a like livery for James Medcalfe, one of the huntsmen 
in ordinary, in place of Jerome Medcalfe, deceased. [Docquet.l 

Dec. 24. A like for a like livery for George Fryan [Fryer f\, one other of 
the huntsmen in ordinary, in place of William Eawson, deceased. 
[Docquet!] 

Dec. 24. Warrant to William Watts, Messenger of the Chamber, to give 
attendance upon the commissioners for examining abuses committed 
by refractory persons in retailing tobacco without licence, artd to 
take such persons into custody, and keep them until discharged. 
\Bocquet^ 

Dec. 24. 119. Sir John Pennington to Nicholas. Ey this time I think your 
chief business is done at the Council table, for that you will have 
little more to do this month. I hope, for all the bruit, that the 
Scottish business will have a peaceable end, and that they will 
better consider, on both sides, what a home war is ! I did not 
conceive that Sir James Bagg had been so poor, though I never 
thought him rich, for all his great fluttering in the world. I am 
very glad of Sir Jacob Astley's good fortune, for he is a very stout, 
able, deserving gentleman, and fit to do his country service, and I 
am glad to hear the King looks upon such, We have no new news 
here, only the certainty of the taking of Bressake [Breisach ?], and that 



188- DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



^ggg Vol. CCCCrV. 

the Plate fleet has arrived in Spain. I shall have a small new-year's 
gift for you shortly, but by reason of these blustering winds it will 
come after the day. I thank you for your intelligence about the 
Treasurer of the Navy's place, which I niust confess I do not so 
much as think of, for if God sends me well quit of this I am now 
upon, I think I shall hardly have further dealing in marine affairs, 
except they use me better, which I do [not ?] look for so long as 
some [?] are at the helm. I desire that you will deliver the 5001. my 
servant left with you to Capt. Percival. [^Seal tuith arms. 2 pp.] 

Dec. 2i. 120. Sir Anthony Irby, late Sheriff of co. Lincoln, to Nicholas. 
Boston. Upon Monday last I had a sight of the Lords' letter, directed to the 
present high sheriff and myself. As soon as I received it I .sent to 
the sheriff for a meeting, and on Saturday last we sent out as many 
warrants as we could for present dispatch ; the residue are to be 
dispatched on Wednesday next. I will take care for speeding the 
business ; but the Lords have prefixed us so short a time as it will 
be impossible to answer their expectation, in respect of the largeness 
of the county, and I have not above five weeks, a fortnight of which 
time is in Christmas, that the officers who are to distrain (I am 
afraid) will neglect it, besides many that are to pay, when they hear 
the shortness of the time, will keep their goods and themselves out 
of the way. My suit to the Lords is for longer time. I hope I shall 
accomplish the service if I may have reasonable time (the old relics 
of ray sickness as yet hanging about me), I returning up what money 
I shall receive from time to time. [Seal with arms. 1 p.] 

Dec. 24. 121 . Keceipt of Thomas Pott, Master of the Harriers and Beagles, 
for 5ol., upon his fee of 120Z. per annum for himself, one footman 
and four horsemen, and his allowance of 1001. per annum for keeping 
20 couple of hounds. [^ p.\ 

Dec. 24. 122. Brief declaration of the account of the Farmers of the 
Customs and Subsidies for one year ended this day. The rent 
payable was 150,000?. ; against which were set the surplusage of 
the last account, 36,873Z. Os. 7^d., and various defalcations, fees to 
the officers of the Customs and Exchequer, and annuities charged 
upon the customs, making a total of 67,768?. 12s. *7d. ; payments to 
the King's household, 20,293?. 17s. 7d. ; to the Master of the Great 
Wardrobe, 4,004?. 19s. lid. ; and other payments, amounting in the 
whole to 113,475?. 10s. 10c?., which left the accountants in surplusage 
31,244?. 3s. 5c?. [= 2 pp.] 

Dec. 26. Commission of Lieutenancy of cos. Leicester and Rutland granted 
to Henry Earl of Huntingdon and Ferdinando Lord Hastings jointly 
and severally. [Docquet] 

Dec. 26. Dispensation for John Balcanquall, B.D., and Prebend in Rochester 
Cathedral, to hold together with the rectory of Tatenhill, co. Stafford, 
the vicarage of Boxley, Kent, for two years. [Docquet] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 189 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 



Dec. 26. 123. The King to Thomas Earl of Arundel and Surrey, Algernon 
Whitehall. Earl of Northumberland, Theopbilus Earl of Suffolk, Francis Earl of 
Cumberland, and to Henry Lord Maltravers and Henry Lord Clifford, 
the Lords Lieutenants of Cumberland and Westmorland, and in their 
absence to the deputy lieutenants of those counties to which Capt. 
Henry Waytes was designed for his advice and directions. \_Minute. 



a 



Dec. 26. A like letter to the Deputy Lieutenants of the East and North 

Whitehall. Ridings of CO. York, for Sir Thomas Morton and Capt. Richard 

Gibson. [Minute. Written on the same paper as the preceding. 

Dec. 26. 124. Dr. Peter Turner to Archbishop Laud. Solicits an addition 
Merton College. to the archbishop's orders for the government of Merton College, to 
the effect that, besides the Bursar, the Senior Fellow might have a 
key to the College chest. The addition was desired bj- Mr. Nevill, 
senior, the Bursar, who was very necessitous, and was apprehensive 
that on the Sub-Warden's return, he, being also necessitous, should 
tempt him by exchange of reciprocal courtesies to lend him some of 
the college money, by suffering him to borrow for his own private 
uses. Suggests Owen and Broad, two of the six Bachelors, who were 
to liave been admitted Masters at the beginning of Michaelmas Term 
last, to be permitted to proceed next Act. Brent (Sir Nathaniel's 
nephew), Clark, Allen, and Scriven were the others who for various 
reasons were not recommended. [1 p.} 

Dec. 27. Warrant to the Earls of Holland and Dorset, Sir John Finch, Sir 
Richard Wynne, and Sir Thomas Hatton, feoffees in trust for the 
Queen, by an assignment from Sir John Walter, Sir James FuUerton, 
and Sir 'Thomas Trevor, of their interest in a remainder of an estate 
of 99 years in the manors of Somersham, Fenton, Bluntisham, 
Colne, and Earith, in co. Huntingdon, to convey to Henry Jerinyn, 
son of Sir Thomas Jermyn, vice-chamberlain of the household, all 
their estate in the remainder of the said 99 years of the waste 
grounds and improvement made thereout, containing in all 1,12.5 
acres, reserving the rent of 201. per annum. [Docquet.] 

Dec. 27. Another docquet of the letter to the Lord Deputy of Ireland 
already calendared under date of the 22nd inst. [Docgwet] 

Dec. 27. 125. Letter, or suggested letter, under the Signet. Sir Basil 
Whitehall. Brooke having made known to his Majesty by petition, already calen- 
dared in Vol. ccclxxv., No. 32 (undated, 1637,) that, George Mynne 
claims, under the articles of partnership between him and Sir Basil, 
a payment of 1,000?., with 332?. 16s. interest, in order to equalise 
their payments on account of the fines set upon them at the Justice 
Seat held at Gloucester. The amount of their respective shares of 
those fines having been fixed by his Majesty, his pleasure is that 
the division he made be no more questioned. [Copy or draft. 1 p.J 



190 DOMESTIC— CHARLES T. 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 



Dec. 27. Petition of William Legge, Master of the Armoury, to tbe King. 
His Majesty, upon petition of Sebeoca Holman, referred to the Lord 
Keeper the differences between her and petitioner, concerning some 
houses upon Tower-hill, anciently enjoyed by the Master of the 
Armoury. The Lord Keeper certified that the said Uebecca claimed 
the houses by virtue of a lease from Sir William Cope, one of petiti- 
oner's predecessors, and that the granting the said houses belonged 
to his Majesty, who thereupon commanded petitioner to pay lOOZ. 
and such other charges unto the said Rebecca as the Lord Keeper 
should think fit, and so enjoy the said houses after the said Sir 
William Cope's death, which lOOl. petitioner tendered to the said 
Rebecca, and the same lies I'eady for her at the Hanaper Ofiice, by 
direction of the Lord Keeper, to whom petitioner has also oQered to 
submit for the other charges. Since your Majesty's order. Sir 
William Cope being dead, the said Rebecca, who formerly alleged no 
other title but by his lease, refuses to yield up the houses, she now 
pretending a lease parole from Sir Thomas Jay, aftei'wards Master of 
the Armourers, who by confederacy with her gives out that he made 
her a lease [by] parole, which was not mentioned before the Lord 
Keeper. Prays reference to the Lord Keeper, to find out the unjust 
dealing of the said Rebecca and Sir Thomas Jay. [Copy. See 
Vol. cccciii., p. 19. | p."] Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Lord Keeper as desired. Whitehall, 27th 
December 1 638. Ibid, p 20. ^ p.J 

Declaration under the privy seal, whereby his Majesty, taking 
notice of the privy seal of the 26th July last, by which 200,0001. 
was appointed to be employed in his Majesty's special affairs, by 
order of the Lord Treasurer, the Earl Marshal, the Lord Admiral, 
Lord Cottington, Mr. Comptroller, and the two Secretaries, his Majesty 
approved of the disbursements of those moneys so issued, and gave 
further power to the commissioners to order the disbursing of such 
further sums as should be issued by the aforesaid privy seal ; and the 
Lieutenant of the Ordnance, and all others that by order of these 
commissioners shall receive moneys, are to employ the same for such 
services as the commissioners shall direct, and to make their account 
before them for the same. [^Docquet.l 

126. Certificate of Henry Earl of Huntingdon of the names of 
certain persons respecting whom complaint was made by the deputy 
lieutenants of co. Leicester that they never showed at musters. [| p.] 

127. Sec. Coke to the Masters of Requests. His Majesty has 
taken notice of petitions passed by ji'ou which concerned Church 
causes, wherein, for want of information from those prelates 
whom the causes concerned things have passed to the prejudice of 
the Church. You are hereafter to present no petition concerning 
business reflecting upon the Church, without giving his Majesty 
knowledge thereof, and moving for a reference therein, either to the 
Metropolitan or the Diocesan to whose cognisance it may belong. 



DOMESTIC}— CHARLES I. IQl 



1638. 



Vol. CCCCIV. 



Dec. 30. 128. List of articles of apparel of a gentleman termed " my Master," 
signed by Jehan Lamp and Charles Fen wick. [If p.'] 

Dec. 31. Grant of the office of Surveyor of Petty Customs in the port of 
London to Endymion Porter, WiUiam Courteen, and Richard 
Dowdeswell, for their lives successively, after the death of Richard 
Carmarden. [Bocquetl 

Dec. 31. Warrant for payment of 110?. to Richard Delamain, his Majesty's 
servant, for provision of silver bullion to make mathematical instru- 
ments for his Majesty. l_Docqi(st.'] 

Dec. 31. Warrant to Sir David Cunningham, Receiver-General of his 
Majesty's revenue as Prince of Wales, to pay the bills of divers 
servants attending the royal children, the same being allowed by the 
Lord Chamberlain. '[Docquet.'] 

Dec. 31. The King to the Lord Deputy of Ireland. To consider a petition 
presented to his Majesty by Bryan McConneU, one of his Majesty's 
ancient footmen, and to give order for granting petitioner his desire, 
if not inconvenient for his Majesty's service. [pocqueLl 

Dec. 31. Grant to Aubrey Earl of Oxford, and his heirs. Earls of Oxford, in 
part payment of 20 marks per annum, for his and their creation 
money, the sum oilOl. per annum, being a fee-farm rent issuing out 
of the manor of Geldham, Essex, with the arrears since 27th Elizabeth. 
[_Bocquet.'\ 

Dec. 31. Grant to Fabian Phillips and John Cudworth, to the use of Aubrey 
Earl of Oxford, of certain debts and recognizances of Edward late 
Earl of Oxford, made to Israel Amice, who was outlawed after 
judgment, and the benefit of a seizure of the lands of the said Earl 
made thereupon, with a lease of the same until the debts be satisfied, 
to commence after the surrender of a lease made to John Drawater 
and John Holmes under the rent of 11. per annum. IBocquet.'] 

Dec. 31. Confirmation to the Corporation of Merchant Adventurers of 
Bristol of their former charters with various new powers. \_I)ocquet.'] 

Dec. 31. The King to Thomas Turnor, D.D., and John Juxon. Lease 
for five years of the prebend and rectory of Aylesbury, co. Buck- 
ingham, and the rectory of Presteigne, cos. Hereford and Radnor, 
upon trust to dispose, out of the profits of the former, of 140f., and 
out of those of the latter, of 90?., towards making up 2,020Z. in part 
already raised, to accomplish certain works intended to be done 
by the feofl'ees for impropriations, before the said feofiees conveyed 
their interest to his Majesty, in obedience to a decree in the Court 
of Exchequer, the residue of the profits to be disposed of to the vicars 
of Aylesbury and Presteigne ; and if the 2,020Z. shall be sooner made 
up, then afterwards, during the said term, 30Z. per annum of the 
profits of the prebend of Aylesbury to be applied towards the 
maintenance of a free school in Aylesbury, the remainder to the 
vicar, and the whole profits of the rectory of Presteigne to the vicar. 
{Docquet.} 



192 DOMESTIC— CHARLES T. 



1638. ^-- ^CCC^^- 

Dec. 31. 129. Petition of Thomas Ellyott to the King. Your Majesty, 
about seven years since, disafforested the Forest of Nerock, in Somer- 
set, when there was allotted to your Majesty part of the said forest 
lying in several parishes, all which your Majesty has since sold, 
excepting 200 acres belonging to the manor of Barrington. Prays 
a grant of tlie said 200 acres for three lives, at as much rent as 
has been accounted to your Majesty for three years past, [^ p.] 
Underwritten, 

129. I. Reference to Lord Treasurer Juxon to certify his Majesty 
concerning this request. Whitehall. 31 si -December, 1638 

lip-] 

129. Ti. Lord Treasurer Juxon to the King. The petitioner 
understands not how your Majesty contracted for all 
that forest and Roche\_forest'] for 20,000?. which (upon Sir 
John Hey don's p)etition T referring lately to the Attorney 
and Surveyor General and others), I find your Ma- 
jesty has been paid hut 18,099Z., and that there are certain 
lands yet unsold, which may amount to 3,165?., so that the 
sum exceeding the sum to be paid to your Majesty is but 
1,264?. ; whereas there is a privy seal to Sir Sackville Crow 
for his charges for 2,800?., and, Sir John Heydon's dis- 
bursem,ents are 050?., with other sums, which will be 
demanded if the lands remaining prove valuable to 
satisfy them. 1638-9, January 2oth. [1 j:).J 

Dec. 31. 130. George Lord Goring, Charles Frankland, and Thomas Bland, 
patentees for granting tobacco licences, to the Council. We have 
examined complaints against Samuel Newton of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 
and finding him delinquent in selling tobacco without licence, we 
have fined him 20?. to the patentee, which he peremptorily refuses 
to pay. All which we certify to your Lordships, that a course may 
be taken with him. [1 p.'] 

Dec. 31. 131. Eeceipt of Henry Wicks, Paymaster of his Majesty's Works, 
for 799?. 8s. 4c?. paid by John Savile,' Teller of the Exchequer, 
for repair of his Majesty's houses, in the months following, viz. 
232?. 5s. 6d., in full of 929?. 12s. <id., for August 1637, and 567?. 2s. 5c?., 
in part of 1,220?. 15s. lie?, for September 1637. [i p.] 

Dec. 31. 132. Keceipt of Thomas Eyre, Edmund Cooper, and Toby Baylie, 
Pages of the Chamber to the Queen, for 66?. 13s. 4d. paid by the 
same teller as the preceding, and to be divided amongst the grooms 
and pages of the chamber to the Queen, as his Majesty's free gift, 
this Christmas. [-^ p.] 

[Dec] 133. Petition of Sir John Dryden and Charles Cockaine, sheriffs 

of CO. Northampton, for 1635 and 1636, to the Council. By direc- 
tions, dated 30th November 1638, petitioners are commanded to pay 
in to the Treasurer of the Navy the arrears of ship-money. Peti- 
tioners have paid in all that they could levy, and the certiorari 
directed to them, about two years since, commanding the return of 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. I93 



Iggg Vol. CCCCIV, 

the names of those who have not paid, was accordingly executed, 
since which time there have issued writs of scire facias and levari 
facias, upon which divers have paid money. Petitioners not being 
acquainted what moneys have been levied since their shrievalty, 
and having formerly done their utmost endeavour in this service 
to the expense of 1000?., pray the Lords to order the arrears to be 
levied as they shall think meet. [^ p.] 

[Dec. ?] 134. Petition of Edmond Farmer, of Daventry, to the Council. 

Was sent for by warrant in November last for not paying ship-money, 
being 4s. 6d., and was ordered to pay the same and 5s to the bailiffs 
for making a distress. Petitioner has tendered the same to Sir 
Robert Banister, then high sheriff, which he refuses to receive. And 
whereas the bailiffs allege that petitioner swore he had never paid 
and never would pay any ship-money, petitioner utterly denies the 
same, but was wilUng to pay 31. and 40s. at a time ; but as for the 
4s. Qd., it was never demanded before Sir Eobert Banister's time, and 
was tendered before the bailiffs made any distress, and afterwards, 
they demanding 5s. for their pains, that was also tendered to them ; 
and whereas there is a suit commenced against the said bailiffs by 
the magistrate of the town and petitioner, he submits himself, and 
is willing to withdraw the same. Prays order to pay the amount 
to Sir Robert Banister, and that he may be freed from any further 
attendance, [f p.] 

Dec. 13.5. Sir Jacob Astley to [the samel. Prays them to settle the 

number of officers and soldiers to be kept in the Fort of Plymouth 
and the Island of St. Nicholas, and proposes to them a scheme. 
[Ip.] 

Dec. 136. George Lord Goring, Charles Frankland, and Thomas Bland, 

Commissioners for Tobacco Licences, to the same. On 8th July last, 
concerning William Jhanns and the patentees for retailing tobacco 
in Norwich, you ordered that a new licence should be granted to 
Jhanns and such others as he should nominate for retailing such 
licences in that city, paying the rent of 120?. per annum. We have 
used means to carry out the said order, and have summoned the said 
patentees to appear before us, but they have only, the 30th Novem- 
ber last, sent us a dilatory letter, desiring further time to answer. 
Request an order for reducing the said patentees to conformity, 
[1^.] 

Dec. 137. Suggested instructions to the person who shall be appointed 

to the office of provider, to supply the army with corn or meal for 
bread, and with butter, cheese, and beer, also with oats and hay for 
the horses. [If ^.] 

Dec. 138. Notes for perfecting the musters. 

" A cuirassier is he that is armed cap-a-pie, mounted on a strong horse, 

with two good pistols and a sword of four foot long, which is best for a 

horseman, as a short one of three foot is for a footman, which is contrary 

_ -to the old custom ; he hath likewise a boy on horseback to carry his spare 

13. N 



194 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



jggg Vol.. CCCCIV. 

arms. An Arquebusier is to be mounted on a good gelding, andis to have a 
buff jerkin, curetts [cuirass ?], head-piece, and arquebuse, and a pair of good 
pistols. A oarabinier is to be mounted on a middling gelding or nag, with a 

good buff jerkin and carabine The musket barrel should be four foot 

long, stock and all 6 foot 2 inches, and her bore of 12 bullets in the pound, 
rolling in. The barrel of the small piece should be 3 foot' 3 inches, stock 
and all 44 foot, the bore of 17 bullets in the pound, rolling in. The 
arquebuse barrel is to be about the length of 2i foot, stock and all 3 and i, 
and her bullet of 17 in the pound, rolling in. The carabine of the length 
of the arquebuse, and her bore of 30 bullets in the pound, rolling in. The 
barrel of the pistols 14 foot, stock and all 26 inches, her bore of -24 bullets 
in the pound, rolling in." 

[2 pp.} 

[Dec. ?] 139. Petition of Roger Prosser to Archbishop Laud. The arch- 

bishop, upon the petition of petitioner, granted a reference to Sir John 
Lambe, to end all suits that were raised between petitioner and 
Edward Clark and John Williams, concerning divers assaults offered 
to petitioner's wife. Sir John wUled a speedy end to be made, 
which petitioner's adversaries promised, but will not [perform], in- 
tending to obtain a sentence this term against petitioner, who is very 
poor, and unable to contest at law. Prays the archbishop to cause 
a favourable end to be put to the premises, [f p."] 

[Dec.?] 140. Petition of Anne Dee to Sir John Lambe, Dean of the 
Arches. The late Francis Dee, Bishop of Peterborough, brother 
to Daniel Dee, petitioner's late husband, by his last will be- 
queathed to Mary Dee, his daughter, wife of William Greenhill, 
D.D., 300/1. to be employed in purchasing some good copyhold land 
to be enjoyed by the said Mary during her life, and afterwards to 
come to the children of petitioner and to those of John Dee, another 
brother of the bishop. Prays order that the money be not delivered 
to Dr. Greenhill or the said Maj-y until he put in good security for 
performance of the will. [^ p.] 

[Dec. ?] 141. Petition of Rice Thomas, of Biston, co. Monmouth, husband- 
man, to the same. Petitioner has been forced to come into this 
Court [of Arches] to gain his absolution which he has procured. 
But since he procured the same, he is given to understand that there 
has been a certificate made to the Lord Keeper, and a significavit 
granted, so that he dares not go home. Prays a certificate to the 
Lord Keeper that he may have a countermand of the sigmficavit 

[Dec. ?] 142. Petition of Thomas Flower, of Askbam, co. Nottingham, to the 
Commissioners for Depopulations. By your order petitioner was to cast 
open all the inclosures he had lately made in the common arable fields 
of Askham, with which order he has complied, except for about three 
acres, which he prays he may still hold, as without them he cannot pre- 
serve any com or hay upon his lands adjoining, nor distinguish the 
boundaries, and in lieu thereof he has ploughed up 30 acres of ancient 
inclosures ; or he is willing to submit to such fine as to you shall seem 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. IQS 



1638. 



jggg Vol. CCCCIV. 

fit. Prays the Lords to revoke their order for his commitment, and 
to refer petitioner's allegations to the Justices of Peace adjoining 
to Askham. [f p.] 

[Dec.?] 143. List of the numbers of men to be levied out of the several 
counties for the present intended expedition. Total, 30,400 men 

Up-1 

[Dec. ?] 144. Draft of another similar list, with an additional number to 

each county, the additions amounting to 5,116. [1 p."] 

[Dec. ?] 145. Draft of another similar Kst, in which the additions amount 
to 2,422. [1 23-] 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCV. December, 1638. 



Two separate books put together in one volume ou account of 
similarity of size, being: — 

I. Liber Pagis, or a List of all the Justices of Peace for England 
and Wales, arranged by counties. This book was probably originally 
compiled for the 12th year of the king's reign, but by alterations 
and queries designed to be made applicable to the following year. 
[176 pages, whereof 6 are blank.'} 

II. List or roll of all the able men in the several hundreds of 
CO. Derby, consisting of returns made during the month of December 
1638, by the pettj' constables, and transmitted by the High Consta- 
bles of every hundred to William Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant 
of the county. The names comprised all the men in that county 
able and fit for the wars, over and above those already enrolled in 
the trained bands. The total number was 17,308. The earl sent 
this list to the Council, together with his letter, calendared under the 
date of the 1st January 1638-9. See Vol. ccccix. No. 1. [300 pages, 
of which 20 are hlaiik^ 



Vol. CCCCVI. "Undated, 1638. 



Presentation of John Featly, M.A., to the rectory of Shotley, 
Sufl"olk, in the King's gift on account of the minority of Sir Henry 
Felton, his Majesty's ward. [See Coll. Sign Man. Car. I. Vol. xiii.. 
No. 104.] 

1. Royal Licence for Sir Matthew Boynton, of Barmeston, co. York, 
to go with his wife and family into the Low Countries, [ Unsigned 
by the King, but prepared by direction of Sec. Coke, and, the docquet 
signed by Sir Abraham Williams, one of the clerks of the Signet. 
Parchment. 21 lines.'] 

N 2 



196 DOMESTIC—CHARLES I 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVT. 



2. The King to Algernon Earl of Northumberland, Lord High Ad- 
miral. Some [dwellers] on the coast of Flanders, contrary to the articles 
of peace with Spain, have lately taken at sea certain ships laden with 
fish belonging to Richard Viscount Lumley, Henry Lord Maltravers, 
and others, adventurers in the fishing business of the association of 
the Earl of Arundel and Surrey, and have carried the said ships into 
Nieuport, where • they are detained, and the fishermen imprisoned, 
being free denizens, which ships and goods are of the value of 2,5001., 
and they have forborne to make restitution, notwithstanding it has 
been demanded. We require you to take ships of Dunkirk, or any 
other place on the coast of Flanders, and to send them to some of 
our ports, to the end satisfaction may be made ci" the said 2,500Z., 
with damages. [^Draft of perhaps a suggested document. | p."] 

3. Treatise on the office of Earl Marshal of England, part whereof 
is stated to have been copied at this time out of a book of the 
tiuie of King Henry VIII. remaining in the custody of Sir Thomas 
Cotton. [21 pp.} 

4. List of pictures painted by Sir Antonio Vandyke, principally 
portraits of the King, Queen, and royal children, with the charge of 
the artist placed against each picture. It is stated in an under- 
written memorandum that the account was "rated" by the King, 
and that he marked with a cross those pictures which the Queen 
was to pay for. The sums allowed by the King were very con- 
siderably less than those stated by the artist. The total sum payable 
by the King for 15 pictures was 603Z., to which was added 1,000Z. 
for five years' arrears of Sir Antonio's pension. \_French. 1^ 2^-] 

5. Note of wages, bills, and warrants payable by the treasurer 
of his Majesty's chamber for her Majesty's service. It includes 
sums due to players to her Majesty, for making pictures for her Ma- 
jesty, to apothecaries, and divers others, all which by computation 
amount to SfiOOl. [1 p.] 

6. Declaration of proceedings by the Board of Green Cloth, con- 
cerning Edward Turner and William Plummer, high constables in 
CO. Hertford, who had procured a presentment by the gi'and jury to 
Sir Robert Hitcham, one of the justices of assize for that county, 
against Francis Joyce, purveyor to the household for wood, because 
he would give no greater price than 4s. per load for wood, and 
against John Halsey, yeoman purvejj^or for salt store, because he 
would allow but 2c?. the mile for carriage. The presentment was 
part of a more general endeavour to procure an increase in the King's 
prices paid for supplies for the household. [4| pp.} 

7. Answer of the clerks of the royal kitchen to the Committee for 
revising the regulations of the household concerning making oath to 
the parcels of the pantry, buttery, cellar, and kitchen. [2;^ pp.] 

8. Certificate to the same Committee that there is a necessity for 
four servants to be continued in his Majesty's ewery, with a par- 
ticular specification of their duties. [^ p.} 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 197 



[1638?J V0L.CCCCVI. 

9. Statement of reasons wherefore the clerk of the woodyard 
cannot safely swear to the parcels of that office, [f p.] 

10. Similar statement of reasons why the clerk of the spicery 
cannot make oath to the monthly parcel. [1 p."] 

11. Similar statement of the clerk of the poultry. [|-^.J 

12. The like of the clerk of the scullery. [| ^.j 

13. The like of the sergeant and clerk of the bakehouse, [f p.] 

14. Petition of the clerk of his Majesty's carriages and the rest of 
his fellows, the cart-takers, to the committee for regulating the 
household. Solicit an order for reformation of the practice of divers 
chamber-keepers, who have- usually gone three or four miles from 
court upon removing days, and have taken carts themselves, which 
irregularity has led to various inconveniences, and often his 
Majesty's peace has been broken, with the shedding ot blood. Pray 
tliat petitioners may have the execution of their places, and that a 
list may be made for disposing of carts according to the necessity of 
their Majesties' service, and the quality of those allowed carts by his 
Majesty's book signed. [1 p.] 

15. The King to the Steward, Treasurer, and Comptroller of the 
Household, and the Officers of the Greencloth. The number of carts 
in ordinary now agreed upon and allowed by us shall not be 
exceeded to any whatsoever in any of our journeys, yet because no 
certain rule can be made of the same in our extraordinary occasions, 
we authorize you to give warrant for such other number of carts as 
may be requisite, care being taken that it be done with all the ease 
that can be of our subjects, every person that shall have the same 
paying our accustomed price, and our officers giving us an annual 
account of all extraordinary carriages. [Copy, f p.'] 

16. Draft of the same. [f^.J 

17. Orders of his Majesty for selling the overplus of provisions 
sent in from the counties for his household, and for proper keeping 
the household accounts, being a copy of Vol. ccclxxxii. No. 11. 

18. Notes by Sir Dudley Carleton of alterations and corrections 
suggested by him to be made in the proposed new regulations for 
government of his Majesty's household. Upon this subject see a 
letter of Sir Dudley to Nicholas. Vol. cccxc. No. 115. [2f pp.'\ 

19. Suggestions concerning a commission to take account of the 
crown jewels, such account to remain with the clerk of the robes, 
whereby his Majesty at any time may be satisfied what his 
jewels are, and with what persons they remain. Warrants were to 
go forth to the sub-dean of Westminster, the master of the jewel 
house, and the gentlemen of the robes, to deliver in accounts of jewels 
in their charge, and as there had not been any such account taken 



198 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



since 1634, it is suggested that warrants be sent to the treasurers, to 
discover what jewels have been paid for since that time, [f p.^ 

20. Another similar paper of suggestions. One of the inquiries 
here proposed is, how those jewels are disposed of that were re- 
deemed by Sir Job Harby. [IJ p.] 

21. Copy of a paper stated in a title given to it by Sec. Sir Joseph 
Williamson to have been in the State Paper OflBce in the hand- 
writing of Sec. Windebank or Mr. Reade, his secretary. It relates 
to various duties in the royal household to be performed principally 
by the Lord Chamberlain and the groom of the stole. [2 ppJ] 

22. Notes upon the mode of appointment and duties of the 
chamberlains, auditor, tally-cutter, usher, messengers, clerk of the 
rolls, and tellers of the Exchequer. [7 pp.] 

23. Orders established for the robes, and stated to have been 
subscribed by his Majesty and the Lords of the Council. They 
principally relate to the account to be rendered yearly by the 
gentlemen of the robes, and the books to be kept by the clerk. 
[1 p.] 

24. Petition of Edmond Nicholson, his Majesty's servant, to the 
King, The subjects desire that there might be obtained, to go along 
with farthing tokens, some supply of pence and half-pence coined at 
the Tower, for those are limited to such a slender proportion that little 
commodity arises thereof, by reason of the extraordinary charge and 
toil attending the coinage, and when such small moneys are coined 
their diminutive circumference makes them subject to be lost. Peti- 
tioner offers to have that defect at the Tower conveniently supplied 
in bullion or silver plate, the moiety of such pence and half-pence 
being of sterling silver, and the residue of fine white metal, with the 
circumference larger than those at the Tower, which bullion shall 
touch and wear as well as most Dutch rix-dollars. If your Majesty 
please to cause silver pence and half-pence to be coined, the same to 
be current only to the proportion of five shillings and not above in any 
payment, and shall not desire to retain the profits in your own 
hands, petitioner offers, for a lease of 20 years, to pay 5001. 
per annum, besides, at his own cost, to make provision of all 
necessaries for the coinage. Petitioner is endeavouring the making 
of plate trenchers, saucers, and pieces of plate, that by a sculpture 
and stamp shall be discerned from plate of full sterling quality, to be 
delivered to the subject at 3s. 8d. per ounce troy, which, if he accom- 
plishes, he will then augment the 5001. rent to 1,000^. per annum. 
[]p.] 

25. Petition of Henry Cogani, Comptroller of the Mint, to the 
King. About 13 years since petitioner obtained a grant in reversion 
of the said office, after Richard Rogers, then comptroller, with the 
yearly fee of 100 marks, and was admitted by Rogers to assist him 
in the execution of his pffice, which he performed for 12 years before 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 199 



flggg?] VOL-CCCCVI. 

the death of Rogers. It is requisite tbe office should be always 
supplied with one able man well practised in the execution of that 
service. Petitioner prays that, upon surrender of his former patent, 
he may have a regrant, together with WiUiam Wheeler. [§ p.] 

26. Paper endorsed " Barrett's proposition for the advancement 
of foreign coins which are perfect." The forbidding of Spanish 
money in England was to enrich the mint, which brought forth 
contrary effects, for the French, Dutch, and other nations, by ad- 
vancing Spanish coin, received the greatest profit, as also the gold- 
smiths of London became factors for the East India Company, or for 
the French or Dutch, or melted it into plate, so as the King lost 
the 'benefit in his mint, besides receiving infinite detriment in his 
customs. If his Majesty would raise the Spanish coin to be current 
by proclamation in England, it will increase his Majesty's customs, en- 
rich the kingdom, and raise above 50,0001. into his Majesty's coffers, 
and be a great yearly revenue, without in any way engaging his Ma- 
jesty's honour, disbursing any money, or using the help of any mer- 
chants, but only the royal prerogative and the precedent of other 
princes. The double pistolet, weighing 1 6s., should be raised to 1 5s., the 
crown of the sun, weighing 7s. 6d., to 7s., the piece of eight, weighing 
5s., to 4s. 6c?. ; and when there is store brought into the kingdom, 
then have a new proclamation to call in those coins, to be stamped 
with a mark, and to be raised to the intrinsic value, arid afterwards 
to come to his Majesty for the royal stamp to pass current, as they 
do in foreign countries ; and as more comes into the kingdom to 
receive the like mark and pay the like fees to his Majesty. [1^ p.] 

27. Extract of a portion of the preceding paper. [^ p."] 

28. The like, [i^.] 

29. Names of 37 persons prosecuted in the Star Chamber for un- 
lawful transportation of gold, with the amounts transported. 
[=2 pp.-] 

30. Petition of Anthony Spittell, Postmaster of Basingstoke, to 
Sec. Windebank. Having received your orders for the performance 
of the King's service, petitioner sent warrants to the constables to 
warn such men as it concerned to send in horses for the King's 
special service, his Majesty being then in that country. Complains 
that Peter Beacondsawe, Thomas Tutt, Francis Fawcond, WiUiam 
French, clerk, Richard Pile, Bartholomew Wyatt, Thomas Woodward, 
Thomas Fawcond, and Christopher Huett have neglected the service, 
and derided petitioner, whereby, others, taking encouragement, peti- 
tioner is unable to perform his service. Prays that they may be sent 
for to answer their contempt. [1 p.] 

31. Minute of the requests of Thomas Carr, postmaster of Berwick. 
Thomas Witherings, in consideration of his grant of the letter office 
of England and foreign parts, is to pay the posts their wages. 
Witherings has reduced the wages of Thomas Carr from 2s. id. to 



200 DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



Is. per diem, all the rest being cut off only but the third part^ of 
their pay, which "will not be sufficient to find horse and man to 
perform the service, moreover they are enjoined to more service than 
formerly, viz., to carry his mail of letters forward and backward 
once a week gratis. Witherings employs one at Berwick to carry 
his letters from thence to Edinburgh for 20s. a week. Carr has 
offered to perform it for a great deal less ; but Witherings not only 
denies the same, but threatens to put Carr out of his place if he go 
not speedily down, he waiting only for the arrears of his post wages, 
without which he is not able to subsist. Requests that his pay may 
be made Is. Sd. per diem, that he maj' carry the letters from Ber- 
wick to Edinburgh, and also that he may be sworn his Majesty's 
servant, as the other posts are. [| p.] 

32. Petition of James Earl of Carlisle to the King. Queen 
Elizabeth granted to the Earl of Norwich, petitioner's grandfather, 
by the name of Sir Edward Denny, the keeping of Epping Walk 
and half New Lodge Walk, with half the house called the New 
Lodge in Waltham Forest, for his life. King James likewise granted 
to petitioner's grandfather, and to his father, the late Earl of Carlisle, 
the keeping of Chingford Walk, and the other half of New Lodge 
Walk, with the keeping of your Majesty's game of pheasants, during 
their lives. In answer to another petition of petitioner, your 
Majesty ordered the Attorney-General to prepare a grant of the 
keeping of the said walks and game to petitioner, after the decease 
of his father and grandfather, which events having occurred before 
the said grant was fully perfected, petitioner prays a grant of the 
same for his life. [| |3.] 

33. Statement of the claim of Andrews, a prisoner in the 

King's Bench, as assignee of Job Bradshawe, a brewer, who had 
survived his Majesty's servant, Charles Barrett, to a grant of such 
deserted lands as Barrett had discovered in cos. Devon, Somerset, 
I/incoln, and Cambridge, of which lands one third part was reserved 
out of the grant for his Majesty, the remaining two thirds being 
agreed to be grapted to the patentees in fee farm at 2d. per acre. 
It was suggested that some person, addressed as " your Lordship," 
should pray a grant of the King's third part at 2d. or Sd. an acre., 
after whicli the two parts of the patentees might be easily had. It 
is suggested the Earl of Arundel had got many thousand acres of 
deserted lands in Norfolk, and Endymion Porter 2,000 acres of like 
lands. [2 pp.} 

34. William Wise to Sec. Windebank. Proposes to prosecute 
such course of law as thereby his Majesty shall be rightfully entitled 
to all marsh lands sometimes overflowed with salt water, lying 
between the ancient high and now low water mark of the sea or 
navigable rivers, for which the writer desires that he may be secured 
by patent of the marshes of Tydd St. Mary's, Tydd St. Giles, and 
Newton, in cos. Lincoln and Cambridge, wherein he is now estated as 
a purchaser, and has drained aud embanked most part thereof, for 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES 1. 201 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 

which grant he will render to the crOwn a new increased rent of 
301. per annum for ever. The better to enable him to do this ser- 
vice, he prays pardon of the Star Chamber sentence. [| p.] 

35. The King to Commissioners [of Sewers, co. Lincoln]. We 
have formerly declared our resolution for draining that level of fens 
lying in co. Lincoln within the extent of your commission, which is 
a work of public consequence, and we have ever been ready to 
advance the same. We have recommended to you several persons 
to be undertakers for such draining, by whom, although there has 
been some progress made, yet we find that the most material part 
to be done by you is still wanting, which is for a recompense to be 
assigned in land for the labour of so great a work. We desire to 
give the country all reasonable satisfaction, and to take away all 
pretence for further delay ; wherefore we have thought fit to appoint 
Kobert Earl of Lindsey, Lord High Chamberlain, to be sole under- 
taker for the draining of the said level, requiring you to make a 
general bargain with him, and to decree him such recompense of 
land as the charge of so great a work shall deserve. We are assured 
that our said cousin is a person most agreeable to you, and there- 
fore, as well out of that consideration as in confidence of his ability 
to discharge the service, we have made choice of him to be the 
undertaker. ICopy. 1 p.'] 

36. Agreement under the Great Seal between the King and 
Robert Earl of Lindsey, for draining the Eight Hundred Een, co. 
Lincoln, containing by estimation 21,000 acres. [Attested copy, 
much damaged.^ 

37. Calculation of the shares in which 12,000^, was to be advanced 
by the Earl of Lindsey and his co-participants, that sum being re- 
quired as a stock for carrying out the agreement with his Majesty 
for draining the Eight Hundred Fen. The number of participants 
was eight, the number of shares eighteen, which were held as follows : 
the Earl of Lindsey held four shares ; the Earl of Dorset, two shares ; 
Lord Willoughby, two shares ; Peregrine Bertie, one share ; Sir 
Edward Heron, two shares ; Sir William Killigrew, five shares ; 
Sir Thomas Stafford and Sir Francis Godolphin, each one share. 
[Similar to Vol. ccclxxviii., No. 49. If p.] 

38. Petition of Henry Earl of Dover, Sir Abraham Dawes, and 
others, to the King. Ever since your Majesty gave order, two years 
since, for petitioners to sue in the Duchy court for recovery of their 
possessions, detained hj Sir Robert Heath and Sir Cornelius Ver- 
muyden, they have followed the case, so as it would have come to a 
hearing this term, but that they were cunningly delayed by Sir 
Robert and Sir Cornelius, who, by means of this extraordinary dry 
summer, and help of engines, and not their pretended "sough," 
which is no ways perfected, got ore out of petitioners' mines, which 
are not above six or seven, and yet themselves have 400 or 500 
within their plot of ground. Pray order that the profits arising out 



202 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I, 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



of petitioner's mines may be sequestered into indifferent bands, or 
that Sir Robert and Sir Cornelius may give security to answer the 
same when the cause is determined. {Underwritten: "This to be 
showed to Sir Robert Heath, aud bis answer required." \ jp.] 

39. Answer of Henry Earl of Dover, Sir Abraham Dawes, with 
others, to a petition of Sir Robert Heath. They do not desire a 
sequestration of the possession of their mines, as Sir Robert Heath 
would cunningly persuade his Majesty, but only a sequestration of 
the profits of those few mines (being not above seven) to which 
they lay claim (while Sir Robert has lOOj, that the profits may be 
kept in safety until the cause be heard, to be then restored to the 
right owners. Although the order of Council was penned with dis- 
advantage to them, yet do they not in the least jot seek to alter 
anything therein, as unjustly charged by Sir Robert's petition. 

40. Petition of Lord William Howard to the King. Your Ma- 
jesty is seized by the attainder of Leonard, Edward, and Francis 
Dacre, sons of William Lord Dacre, of a certain piece of waste ground 
called the Forest of Gweltsdale, the ancient rent being 40s., and 
upon the demise made to the Lord Scrope 62s. lOd. per annum. 
Petitioner is owner of one part of the said Forest of Gweltsdale in 
right of his wife, and the other part is open, the tenants adjoining 
having common without stint or number, there being no timber trees 
or other wood of value thereupon. Ranulph Dacre, the last heir male 
of that noble family, being now deceased, the said Forest of Gwelts- 
dale, with other lands, are pretended to revert to the heirs general of 
Lord Dacre not attainted, and so your Majesty's title thereto should 
be extinct. Petitioner being desirous to do your Majesty service, 
and hoping that he is able to show that your right is not extinct in 
law, prays a grant in fee-farm of the said forest. [^ ^.] 

41. A plan or map of Peterborough Little Fen, alias Fleg Fen, 
CO. Lincoln, the King's part being subdivided. 

42. Petition of Sir Philiberto Vernatti to the King. Prays a 
protection for 13 months, and that his sureties. Sir John Brooke, and 
three of his brethren, Antonio, Abraham, and Maximilian Vernatti, 
for so much only as they stand engaged for petitioner's debts may 
enjoy the benefit of it. When the Earl of Bedford's delays and 
failings made petitioner liable to suits, your Majesty protected him. 
Prays your Majesty not to refuse it now, when it was your Majesty's 
late undertaking, and not proceeding accordingly, that caused the 
heavy weight of his debts to increase upon petitioner, to his utter 
destruction. By effectual proceeding, his estate would prove suffi- 
ciently able to pay all he owes, with interest and damages, and 
leave him a plentiful overplus. [| p.] 

43. Another petition, similar to the preceding. [| p.] 

44. Statement respecting the liability to repair Audry [Aldreth] and 
Earith causeys and bridge. Since William the Conqueror there has 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 203 



[1638?] V0L.CCCCVI. 

been a long causey over the fens, called Alderhee, vulgo Audry Causey, 
being the King's highway from Cambridge to Ely. There is another 
causey out of Huntingdonshire to Ely, called Earith Causey, and at 
the east end of Audry Causey is a great bridge over the Ouse, with 
smaller bridges in several parts of the said causey. These causeys 
and bridges were ancientlj'' maintained by the bishops of Ely, 
by right of sundry great manors belonging to that see. In the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth, the see being void for 20 years, they were 
repaired by the Queen's officers, and, when certain great manors 
were taken away from that bishopric, it was covenanted with Bishop 
Heaton that the bishops should be exempted from these repairs. 
In 44th Elizabeth, Thomas [Earl of Arundel], then Lord Howard, 
purchasing from the Queen the manor of Haddenham, had an abate- 
ment of 300?., on his covenanting to discharge the Crown from re- 
paration of the said bridges. About 25 years ago the high bridge 
over the Ouse fell down, and no new bridge having been built, a 
fei'ry is kept, in the right of the said Earl, who exacts ferriage, to 
the great loss of his Majesty's subjects, some six or seven having 
lost their lives there, and the great market at Audry for fat cattle 
being thereby quite decayed, to the particular damage of the Bishop 
of Ely, and the impoverishment of the tenants of the bishop, and 
the dean and chapter, and all others. [1 p.'] 

45. Information of John Felpps, touching the mode of draining 
the fen lands of the manor of Soham, co. Cambridge, [f ^.J 

46. Petition of Cuthbert Bacon, your Majesty's long and faithful 
servant, to the King. About 30 years since petitioner bought the 
place of ranger alias, ryding fostership, in the New Forest, Hants, of 
John Norton, for a valuable consideration. Being grown aged peti- 
tioner prays leave to assign that place to his son Thomas, an able 
man, and capable of the service. \_\ p.] 

47. Minute of application of Sir Thomas Wroth. In Trinity Term 
1638, a commission was awarded out of the Exchequer to inquire of 
the bounds of Petherton Forest, Somerset, and to treat with the 
owners for the disafforestation or otherwise in respect of any 
defects in their grants. The commissioners gave warrant to the 
sheriflFto empannel a jury, and by the records given in evidence it 
nppeared that a great part of this forest was afforested by King 
John. Wherefore the commissioners dismissed the jury, and forbore 
to treat with the owners of land within the said forest for either dis- 
afforesting or for any defects in their grants. Within the ancient 
bounds of this forest Sir Thomas Wroth has some 1,400 acres, worth 
1,400?. per annum, for disafforesting whereof, and to have a new 
grant he is willing to compound. [Endorsed, " Petherton Forest, 
James Leviston." 1 p\ 

48. Answer to objections made as touching the timber latelj- con- 
verted for his Majesty's use in Shotover and Stowe Wood, co. Oxford. 
The objections were that the timber cut was unserviceable and 



' 204 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



over costly. The answer runs into various details to show the 
contrary. [2 pp.'] 

49. Eeport of Richard Hore and Richard Parne, preservators of 
Shotover Forest and Stowe Wood. His Majesty has leased out all his 
coppices in these forests for 51 years, aud granted away all the 
timber trees, excepting 4,000 to be marked for the use of the navy, 
and 10,000 other young trees to be reserved for a future supply. 
We have viewed the said trees, and find the 4,000 for shiptimber to 
be marked in some reasonable good sort ; 8,000 more are worth 
8,000?. at the least ; yet, notwithstanding, of the 10,000 smaller trees 
a thousand of the best of them are not worth above 5001., and of the 
remaining 9,000 many are not worth above 2s. each, and many not 
above 8c?. We are of opinion that it would be most for his Majesty's 
benefit to keep these forests in his own hands ; his Majesty's profit 
herein, the good of the country, and the beauty and life of these 
forests lie now at stake. [1 p.] 

50. Notes on the value of a grant of Shotover and Stowe Woods, 
CO. Oxford, made to the Earl of Lindsey. The carpenters in Oxford, 
who were set by Dr. Bancroft to value the trees, estimated them at 
16,000L, which is too much by 5,000?. ; but allowing their valuation, 
the timber already marked by the shipwright for the navy is worth 
3,500?., and the young trees which the Earl of Lindsey ofiers to 
leave, being 6,000, cannot be less worth than 2,000?. ; besides, the 
planting of coppices will cost the Earl 2,000?., and of the rest Sir 
■Timothy Tyrrell will have the bark, tops, and lops, which is half as 
much as the trees are worth, so that this suit cannot be so good to the 
Earl of Lindsey as his Majesty intended when he set his hand to the 
first warrant. [1 p.l 

51. Brief for the defendants in a case of the Queen's Attorney- 
General, upon the relation of John Spatchurst, Roger Wyvell, and 
Edmond Leighton, against Robert Herbert and others, defendants. 
The plaintiff claimed the manor of Gothland, co. York, as part of the 
Queen's jointure. The defendants set up a grant of the same manor 
by James I. to Sir Robert Carey, afterwards Earl of Monmouth, and 
John Barton, in fee-farm, under which grant they claimed. [1|^.] 

52. Petition of Colonel Sir Andrew Grey to the King. Your 
Majesty, " at Portsmouth, before the petitioners last going over," 
promised that if petitioner should return you would provide for his 
future maintenance. Your intentions have been hindered by the 
unwillingness of your officers, for of petitioner's pension in Scotland 
he has received during the last four years only 100?., and for your 
last grant, for the arrears of his "gages," he has not received one 
penny, but after a tedious suit was forced to give it all out in assig- 
nation to his creditors, who finding but slow payment refuse him any 
longer trust, so that now, being dejected by fortune, refused of his 
creditors, and oppressed with old age and sickness, after the escape 
of so many hazards which he has run through abroad in the service 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 205 



[1638?] VOL.CCCCVL 

of your Majesty and your allies, through the extremity of his wants 
he shall perish at home. King James granted Brogborough Park 
and three other parks in the honour of Ampthill to Lord Bruce for 
two lives, both yet in being, and afterwards your Majesty granted 
the said' other three parks to one Johnston in fee-farm after the 
expiration of Lord Bruce's grant. The reversion of Brogborough 
Park being in your Majesty's disposal after the two lives in being, 
petitioner prays a grant of the same in fee-farm after Lord Bruce's 
grant, in such manner as the three parks were granted to Johnston, 
reserving the yearly rent of 26/. 1.3s. id., or a grant of 10,000 acres 
to be planted in Connaught. [| ^J.] 

53. The King to Bishop Skinner of Bristol. The revenues of 
divers bishopries in England have been so diminished that they 
suffice not to maintain the bishops according to their dignity. We, in 
our care of the Church, have signified our command to the bishops 
of those sees which are much impoverished, for joining some con- 
venient means to them, not purposing thereby to deny such necessary 
commendams as we shall think fit. To this purpose we directed 
our letters of 28th March 1633 to your predecessor, concerning the 
manor of Abbots Cromwell alias Cromhall, in co. Gloucester, re- 
quiring him, upon the expii-ation of the old lease, not to renew the 
same, but to reserve it for the use of the bishop. Being informed 
that the manor and farm of Horfield lie much nearer to your 
dwelling house in Bristol, and have a better house for your re- 
tiring in summer or in time of sickness in the city, and are of better 
value for support of your bishopric, we therefore wrote our letters 
concerning Abbots Cromwell, and require you, for better help of 
hospitality, after the termination of the existing lease, to hold the 
manor and farm of Horfield in your own hands, or not to lease the 
same otherwise than for your term of continuance in that see. 
[Copy. 1^ p.] 

54. The King to Upon occasion of [Ezekiel ?] Wright's par- 
ticular case, whom we have presented to the church of Dennington, 
Suffolk, against whom Sir John Eous, the pretended patron, has 
brought a " quare impedit " in the Court of Common Pleas, we have 
received information how the case of almost all clerks presented by 
us now stands, that when they are impleaded by writs of quare 
ifnpedit the defendant is compelled to maintain our title against 
a plaintiff who cannot maintain his own. A greater mischief also 
arises out of this rule of law, which is, that in cases of simony, or 
upon a nullity of a super-institution, the justice of the sentences of 
the High Commission are thus unavoidably brought into question 
and tried by a jury. We recommend to you that when any of our 
counsel at law shall attend you herein you will so take it to heart 
that you find the best way to give a check to this bye-way of pro- 
ceeding, which the judges of the courts of law cannot decline, and. 
what you shall find to be done in this case of Wright, when in a 
judicial way it is brought before you, you speedily execute for his 
quiet settling in Bennington, and that you pursue the same in all 



206 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



other cases of the like nature, until you have reduced it back to that 
pass that a clerk presented by us be not set in worse case than 
all the rest of our subjects, nor our High Commission Court be 
exposed to the weak judgments or to the wilfulness of a country 
jury. [Copy or draft. Endorsed by Sec. Windebank. 1 p.'] 

55. Order of the King. Upon a petition exhibited to us by our 
servant, Dr. Paul Mickletliwaite, Master of the Temple, concerning 
differences between him and the houses of the Temple, we referred 
the same to certain Lords of the Council, who settled a final end, 
with the consent of both sides, in which it was agreed that all arrear- 
ages unpaid during the time of those differences should be satisfied. 
Notwithstanding which order, wo understand that the arrearages 
are yet detained. We command that all monies due to Dr. Mickle- 
thwaite from both the houses to this present, as well the profits of 
the mastership as the sums due upon agreement for his pains of 
preaching on Sundays in the afternoon, be forthwith paid, expecting 
that for the future he enjoy both the rights of the mastership and 
these other payments. [Draft. 1 j?.] 

56. Order of certain Lords of the Council, referees of a petition of 
Dr. Paul Micklethwaite, Master of the Temple. The said master 
has twenty chambers in Parson's Court and in the churchyard, 
which his predecessors have let at their pleasure, and which in 
value, one with another, are worth 4<l. a chamber, but by building 
may be much improved in value. He has also, for the rolls of 18rf. 
per annum of every gentleman in both houses, of the Inner house 
but lU. 10s. and of the Middle house 171., in all 311. 10s., which is 
all that he has of the houses for his ministry. It is ordered, that he 
deliver up his cliambers to the two houses, receiving for them and 
for his tithes and oblations 200Z., in equal portions, every term, pro- 
vided that those monies which have been lately detained be paid, 
and that when they build Parson's Court, they make him a con- 
venient lodging. He is to preach every Sunday, and so long as he 
shall reside the Temple shall allow him diet for two men ; he shall 
also have the rolls of the gentlemen brought to him every term, that 
he may know who do not communicate, that either by private 
admonition they may be reformed, or that the orders of the house 
may pass upon them. He is to be present at all meetings about 
repairing the church, and all rights of liis office are to be preserved 
entire. [1 JJ.] 

57. Archbishop Laud, Sir John Lambe, Dr. Kobert Newell, and 
Dr. William Bray, Cornmissioners for Causes Ecclesiastical, to John 
Wragg and William Flamsted, Messengers of the Chamber. Warrant 
to apprehend Sir Edward Payton, of Covent Garden, and bring him 

before the Commissioners, [/i. blank form, not fully filled up. Seal 
of High Commission irapressed. 1 p.^ 

58. Petition of Matthew Griffith, clerk, to the King. Your 
Majesty gave direction to the Master of Eequests to signify to the 
Master of the EoUs that he should order petitioner's admittance to 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 207 



11638^3 VOL.CCCCVI. 

the termly preacher's place in the Eolls, void by death, to which he 
was admitted accordingly by order of the master and the joint 
approbation of the six clerks. On the Sunday following, petitioner 
made his appearance in the KoUs Chapel, but was not permitted to 
officiate, by reason of a peremptory command from the Master of the 
Eolls and his lady, upon pretence that petitioner had made some 
untrue suggestion to your Majesty, whereof he earnestly desires to 
clear himself. Prays reference to some of the Lords of the Council. 

[fi'-l 

59. Petition of Thomas Jones, clerk, chaplain to Edward Viscount 
Conway and Killultagh, to the King. Edward Togood obtained a 
presentation from your Majesty to the portion of Tidcombe in the 
church of Tiverton, in the lifetime of the simoniacal incumbent, William 
Sharpe, which presentation, having a former grant from the simoniacal 
patron, he kept dormant \mtil the death of the said simoniacal Sharpe, 
and then joined the royal grant to that of the simoniacal patron, and 
so procured institution from the bishop upon both titles together, 
making no other use of your Majesty's grant than to palliate the pre- 
tended simony. These abuses appearing, your Majesty revoked Togood's 
grant, and conferred your right to the said church upon petitioner, 
who, not obtaining institution from the bishop, was forced to a tedious 
suit in the Arches, where the said church is declared void, upon such 
contradictory institution, and the abuses of your grant have been 
justly sentenced, from which sentence Togood has appealed to the 
Court of Delegates. Prays the King to signify to the Judges 
Delegates that the revocation granted to petitioner be efiectually 
made use of. [| p.] 

60. Petition of "Vincent Gregory, Italian, D.D., to Archbishop 
Laud of Canterbury. Has suffered above three weeks imprisonment 
in the Gatehouse, Westminster, upon information against him in the 
High Commission Court, for offences which, after due examination, 
will appear to be an effect only of the malice of the minister of the 
Italian Church in London, and that the witnesses against him were 
brought into court by his subornation. Petitioner's whole estate 
being in the custody of the court, he prays that upon security given 
for his performing the sentence of the court tp be given herein that 
he may be discharged of his imprisonment and have his moneys 
restored to him. [| p.^ 

61. Petition of Roger James, parish clerk of St. Pancras, Soper 
Lane, London, to the same. Petitioner has been for many years 
clerk in the above parish, being one of your Grace's peculiars, where 
the wages are only 31. per annum. In another peculiar, viz., St. 
Vedast, Foster Lane, there is a great difference between the rector 
and parishioners about the choice of a clerk, which you have referred 
to Sir John Lambe. The man appointed by the rector is in holy 
orders, but has relinquished them, and lived as a layman, contrary to 
the canon, so that in likelihood the place will fall upon the parish 
choice, which have no right thereto. Prays the Archbishop, for 



208 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



settling peace and for advancement of petitioner, to commend him 
as a third man. [f p.] 

62. Drs. William Sammes, John Farmery, and Arthur Duck, to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. Certiiicate in favour of John Milward, 
notary public, to be admitted a proctor of the Court of Arches. 
[I p.] 

63. Petition of Morgan Winne, D.D., to the same. Andrew Morris, 
Dean of St. Asaph, parson of Chiddingston, Kent, (a benefice in your 
collation,) and petitioner beneficed at Brasted, Kent, also in your 
gift, are desirous, for convenience sake, to make an exchange of the 
benefice of Chiddingston for a donative of petitioner's in Denbighshire, 
called Llanrwst, of equal value. Pray that they may have your 
approbation, [f pJ] 

64. Petition of Francis Tucker, B.D., prisoner in Newgate for 
debt, to the same. Samuel Eaton, prisoner in Newgate, com- 
mitted by you for a schismatical and dangerous fellow, has held 
conventicles in the gaol, some to the number of 70 persons, and is 
permitted by the keeper openly to preach. Eaton has oftentimes 
afiirmed in his sermons that baptism was the doctrine of devils, and 
its original an institution from the devil, and has railed against the 
archbishop, affirming that all bishops were heretics, blasphemers, and 
anti-christians. The keeper, having notice hereof by petitioner, who 
desired that these great resorts might be prevented, and Eaton be 
reproved, and removed to some other place in the prison, replied to 
petitioner disdainfully, threatening to remove him to some worser 
place. The keeper has been present in a conventicle of 60 persons 
when Eaton was preaching. He said there was a very fair and 
goodly company, and stayed there some season. Contrary to the 
charge of the High Commission, he permits Eaton to go abroad to 
preach to conventicles. The keeper also caused petitioner's sister to 
be removed out of the prison, contrary to the opinion of a doctor, 
and she died the very next day, her chamber being presently after 
her removal assigned to Eaton, it being the most convenient place 
in the prison for keeping his conventicles. Prays the Archbishop to 
refer the examination of this matter to Isaac Pennington and John 
Wollaston, sherifls of London, and in the meantime to take such 
course with the keeper as shall be thought fitting. [1 p.l 

65. Petition of John Tregonwell to the same. The Bishop ot 
Bristol has craved the assistance of the High Commission Court 
against James Kawsoii, an exorbitant minister of his diocese, and 
he now tliereupon stands convented before you. Petitioner lias been 
much maligned by Rawson, who by petitions to the King, to your 
Grace, to the Lord Chief Justice Finch, by motion also in open court, 
and by endless clamours abroad, has traduced petitioner in his good 
name. Prays that Rawson's complaints may not receive further 
credit than his proofs shall make good, and that the prosecutor may 
proceed in a fair legal way, and the cause receive such sentence as 
the merits shall deserve, [f p.] 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 209 



[1638?] Vol. CCCCVI. 

66. Petition of the Bailiffs and Burgesses of the Town of Shrews- 
bury to Archbishop Laud. Queen Elizabeth granted the tithes of 
the dissolved college of St. Chad in Shrewsbury, and the disposition 
of the curates there, to Sir Christopher Hatton in fee, rendering to 
the crown 91. 16s. lOd., and 151. payable for the salary of two curates, 
with a covenant that the patentee should retain so niufih of the 
Queen's rent as he should pay to the curates. Parcel of which tithes, 
and the disposition of the curates, immediately were granted to peti- 
tioners, who ever since have elected the curate, and retained and paid 
151. per annum for his salary, and have also allowed him their tithes 
and oblations, being 4<0l. yearly. Mr. Studley, the last curate, on 
the 1st November last resigned, when one of the bailiffs and the 
burgesses elected Eichard Poole, who was approved by the bisbop, 
being a man very conformable to the government of the church ; 
yet, upon misinformation as to the right of nomination, and sugges- 
tions of undue proceedings in the election, the King had been moved 
to require the bailiffs and burgesses to admit Mr. George Lawson to 
the curate's place, which tends to the overthrow of the Queen's grant. 
I Pray the Archbishop to tender petitioners' right, and to further their 
suit to his Majesty for a reference to such persons as his Majesty 
shall think fit. [f p.] 

67- Petition of the parishioners of St. Mary, Shrewsbury, to the 
same. Tlie tithes of the parish being impropriate, and the church 
served only with a stipendiary curate, who has no certain maintenance 
but 201. pei' annum, the rest of his maintenance being arbitrary from 
the corporation, and the parish so great that the present curate, being 
a doctor of divinity, is enforced to maintain a reader under him, 
of late, upon a reference to treat with the proprietors of the parishes 
of Shrewsbury for augmentation of the church's means, some of the 
proprietors, possessed of small parts of the tithes of St. Mary's, have 
yielded to grant the fourth part of their tithes to the curate, but a 
great part belongs to the corporation in right of the free grammar 
school there, from whom the 201. stipend is paid, and other part, 
being the tithes of Cotton, to the value of lOOZ. per annum, granted 
to Mr. Lloyd, vicar of St. Alkmond's, Shrewsbury, who for the present 
refuse to yield any part of their tithes, yet offer to submit to the 
Archbishop. Pray his favour for settling the fourth part of the tithes 
throughout to the said church, the school having a very great sur- 
plusage and revenues, and Mr. Lloyd a competent maintenance arising 
out of his own parish. Signed by three churchivardens and 24 
other persons. [1^.] 

68. Petition of James Chadwick, clerk, rector of Stanley Kegis, 
CO. Gloucester, to Sir John Lambe. Petitioner tendered the agree- 
ment made between him and Thomas Hillersdon and William Burton, 
whereto Hillersdon has sealed, and Burton is willing to seal the same 
when he shall have intelligence from Sir John that Hillersdon, 
Burton, and Beely shall not be hereafter further prosecuted upon 
the suit commenced by petitioner against them in the High Commis- 

13. n 



210 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



sion. Prays Sir John to consider petitioner's great expense in travel 
and extraordinary charge in defending his right, and to signify to 
Mr. Burton by letter that sealing the said agreement he and 
Mr. Hillersdon, and Mr. Burton, [Beely ?], shall not doubt of any 
further trouble touching the said suit. [^ p.] 

69. Petition of Anthony Hopkins, brasier, to Sir John Lambe. 
About half a year ago, petitioner hearing that Mr. Carpenter was in 
New Prison for getting a wench with child, which was spoken by all 
sorts of people, and he speaking words to that effect to two boys, was 
sued in the Arches Court for slander, and being a very poor man, 
and newly married, desired Carpenter to refer the matter to the 
Lord Mayor or to the company of brasiers, petitioner being willing 
to give satisfaction so far as he is able, but Carpenter refused, saying 
that he would undo petitioner before he would leave him. Carpenter, 
and Master Fryery, his abettor, aggravated the business, saj'ing they 
had acquaintance with you, and could have what damages they 
listed. Pra3's Sir John, when he shall give sentence, to fix payment 
of moneys awarded to Carpenter for charges, quarterly. [1 p.J 

70. Petition of Ealph Mercer, of St. Giles' -in-the-Fields, to the 
same. There are suits in several courts depending between petitioner 
and John Joseph, of Lambeth, baker, concerning the title of a house 
in St. Giles's, and Joseph has lately exhibited articles of defamation 
in the High Commission Court, charging petitioner and one of his 
maid servants with adultery, and another of his maids to have worn 
man's apparel, to which articles they replied upon oath in Hilary 
Term last ; yet, notwithstanding, Joseph has procured Abraham Dodd 
to be the promoter, who writes himself of Chidlington [Chellington], 
CO. Bedford, although he lives in Lewknor's Lane in St. Giles's, in a 
chamber there, being a miserable poor man, having a wife and children 
ready to starve ; and Joseph likewise invites every Sabbath day to 
dinner one Benjamin Gregory, a porter, a very weak man in estate, 
as likewise lewd in conditions, whom he cherishes, to be a witness 
against petitioner in this cause. Prays to be dismissed from further 
attendance. [| p.] 

71. Petition of Joan White, relict of Dr. Francis White, late Bishop 
of Ely, to the same. After the death of Bishop Cox, the see of 
Ely was void 20 years, in which time the houses of the bishopric 
were greatly decayed. The first bishop after that vacancy was 
Bishop Heton, who lived there about 10 years. What his executrix 
paid for dilapidations the bishop that now is best knows, being 
household chaplain to the succeeding bishop, Dr. Andrewes, who 
paid not anything to Bishop Feltou. The see being void two 
years, Bishop Buckeridge succeeded, who recovered of the executors 
of Bishop Felton 400/. for dilapidations. Bishop White suc- 
ceeded in the bishopric, and had sentence of 400^. against the 
executors of Bishop Buckeridge. Now Bishop Wren, succeeding, 
has pressed a greater view of dilapidations, when indeed there was 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 211 



[1638?] VOL.CCCCVL 

least cause, for Bishop White in his time expended upon repairing Ely 
House in Holborn/Ely Palace, Downham House, and Wisbeach Castle, 
545Z. lis. 6d. She prays you to take a poor widow's case into 
your care, [f p."] 

72. Petition of James Carey, clerk, vicar of Thornborough, co. 
Buckingham, to the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Lord Keeper. 
Sir Peter Temple does not yield to allow the incumbent anything 
but his bare stipend of 4iOl. per annum for his vicarage, so that he 
should be to seek a house and all things else, being in a very dear 
place, and far from market towns. He desires to preserve the rights 
of the church, and not to alienate them into a layman's hand. 
Beseeches you, to whom the case is referred from his Majesty, to 
appoint another time to hear the particulars both of the parsonage 
and vicarage, and to do therein as God shall direct your pious hearts 
for the good of his poor church. [|- p.^ 

73. Petition of Francis Foe, clerk, vicar of Barkby, co. Leicester, 
to Sir John Lambe. Complains of refractory people in his parish, 
as appears by a certificate which will be delivered by Dr. Leake, 
especially of Thomas Johnson, who slights ecclesiastical government 
and canonical obedience. At the last visitation, petitioner brought 
Johnson before Dr. Roane, who returned him into the High Com- 
mission Court, but he did not fear the danger, for Mr. Coker said he 
would get him off, which Dr. Robinson's son hearing, told the visitor, 
whom petitioner found very noble and just to maintain the govern- 
ment of the church, and to inflict punishment upon those who laid 
aspersion on, or disrespected, their minister, but afterwards petitioner, 
being much importuned by Johnson's friends, intreated Dr. Roane 
that upon promise of reformation he would dispense with him for a 
time, which he did, but presently Johnson getting acquaintance 
with Dr. Bastwick's man, he Avas more peremptory than before, as 
will appear by the certificate. Prays Sir John 'either to advise 
petitioner how he shall prosecute, or out of his own authority and 
judicious care of church government to work Johnson's reformation. 

74. Petition of Everard Falkenor and Lyon Falkenor, on behalf 
of themselves and others of the parish of Uppingham, co Rutland, 
to the same. In Michaelmas Term last, upon petitioners' suit 
to the Archbishop of Canterbury to be relieved from the insupport- 
able taxes and charges imposed by Anthony Fawkener, joiner, 
churchwarden of the parish, who against custom has continued in 
the said ofiice for the last six years, the Archbishop desired you to 
consider petitioners' suggestions. Understand that the hearing de- 
signed for next Easter is likely to be postponed, your more weighty 
affairs preventing your return this vacation. Petitioners, since 
Fawkener's being churchwarden, have been taxed to the church QOOl., 
whereof 180Z. is for this year, and he still continues his expensive 
way. Pray Sir John to appoint a hearing, and in the meantime to 
stay the suits and taxes of the churchwarden. [1 p."] 

o 2 



212 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



[1688?] VO..CCCCVI. 

75. Petition of George Harrison to Sir John Lambe. Petitioner has 
prepared his petition annexed to the High Commission, but by reason 
of his great poverty cannot have the same prefeiTed. Prays Sir John 
to take the same into his consideration, and to do therein whatsoever 
shall seem good. [^ p.] Annexed, 

75. I. Petition of the sarne to the Arckhiskop of Canterbury and the 

Lords of the High Commission Court. John Cock, deceased, 
having discovered the incontinent life of John Thierry, 
merchant, and Ursula Bapthorp, she offered Code 211. 
to he silent, which he was content to accept, and petitioner 
went with Cock when he should have received the money. 
At their com,ing for the money, ^uhich she appointed at a 
tavern, they were arrested, and carried to the Compter, and 
thence committed to Newgate. Afterwards at a sessions 
they were indicted, and, on the testiinonies of the merchant 
and the said Ursula's sister and her husband, were whipt 
three times to the pillory, where they stood eleven hours, 
and were not suffered to come down till they had asked 
Thierry and Ursula's forgiveness before all the spectators, 
and so were three times whipt back again. By the 
extremity of which execution petitioner lost his speech 
and almost his understanding, omd Cock was carried 
home dead in the cart. By which cruelty and disgrace 
petitioner, who was formerly well respected, is now utterly 
undone. Forasmach as Thierry and Ursula are now 
detected to this High Court, and that the said poor men 
suffered but for nneddling with the truth thereof, peti- 
tioner prays that the merchant may be ordered to give him, 
" and said poor children," relief and restitution for their 
sufferings, [f ^j.J 

76. Petition of George Hall to the same. Petitioner was, 
about seven years since made parish clerk of Old Windsor by 
Richard Humfries, the vicar, and was sworn at the metropolitical 
visitation. Yet Mr. Humfries, upon some spleen, because petitioner 
demanded some duties of his place, violently took away from him 
the keys of the church, and by undue suggestions to Sir Nathaniel 
Brent and Dr. Lynne procured him to be suspended. Upon petition 
to the archbishop he referred the consideration to Sir Nathaniel 
Brent, who ordered that petitioner should proceed for trial of his 
right in the Arches Court, which he had done, until lately some stay 
is made thereof. Prays that he may proceed according to the justice 
of the court, otherwise he is utterly ruined. [J p."] 

77. Letters testimonial of Bishop Montagu of Chichester that 
Ant[r]obus Sicklemore, B.A., being presented to the rectory of 
Singleton-cum-Charleton, Sussex, before his admission into the said 
rectory, appeared, and signed the Articles of Religion and Supre- 
macy and took the oaths against simony. [Draft. 14 lines on a 
strip of p>archment.'\ 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 213 



[1638?] VOL.CCCCVL 

78. Articles for regulation of the practice of the Courts of Arches 
and High Commission, arranged under certain specified heads, viz., 
Touching delays in causes ; Inhibitions ; Eegistrars of the Court of 
Arches, and their clerks; Advocates and Proctors ; and the Registrar 
of the High Commission, and his deputies and clerks. \_An incoTii- 
plete draft by Sir John Lambe. A fair copy of a portion of this 
article will be found in Vol. cccxxxix., No. 70. 7 pp-l 

79. Official extract from the King's Books that the annual value 
of the rectory of Overton in the deanery of Basingstoke was 
29?. 19s. 4Jd. [Under this statement is written, " Thomas Bishop 
Galloway," which means Bishop Thomas Sydeserf, one of the Scottish 
bishops removed by the General Assembly of the present year. | p."] 

80. Presentments made in the deaneries of Newport and Ayles- 
bury, and at Amersham, all co. Buckingham, upon an ecclesiastical 
visitation. The first name mentioned is that of Matthew Brown- 
]?:nave, presented at Newport Pagnel as a recusant. At Simpson, 
various persons of several parishes, among them Mr. Sparkes, parson 
of Bletchley, and his wife, were presented for being at a sermon 
preached on New Year's Day by Mr. Pearne, parson of Wilby, 
CO. Northampton, " which showed no licence." The chief present- 
ments are for nonpayment of church rates, for ante-nuptial inconti- 
nency, or for absence from church. There occur occasionally present- 
ments for striking in the church, for abusing the parish clerk, for 
standing excommunicated, for grinding on holidays, for using a trade 
on Sundays, for not repairing their parts of the parish mounds, for 
not receiving the sacrament at Easter, and such like. [10 pp.^ 

81. Articles of misdemeanor against Thomas Robinson, of Brinklow, 
CO. Warwick The principal charges are for words in abuse of the 
universities or the clergy, or the ceremonies of the Church ; ex. gr., 
that the universities were sinks of sin and pits of iniquity, and that 
he never knew any good man come from either of them, two only 
excepted ; that the conformable curates were dunghill priests and 
hedge priests ; that they were termed the pillars of the Church, but 
were indeed the spillers of the Church ; that before he would be a 
prey to any knave in the kingdom he would receive the communion 
upon his knees, though it were against his conscience and with reluc- 
tation of spirit ; having been arrested upon a warrant out of the 
High Commission, and given bond for his appearance, upon his 
return to Brinklow he said that he was now come home again, in 
despite of all the devils of hell, and so forth. [If p.] 

82. Articles objected by the Commissioners for Causes Ecclesiastical 
against William Pickering and Ursula his wife, and Edward Bough, 
of the parish of Stanton Lacy, co. Salop. These are the articles upon 
which sentence was passed on the 30th May 1638, and notes of 
which are calendared under that date. Vol. cccxci., No. 85. Defen- 
dant, William Pickering, asserted that the Church of England was 
none of God's Church, and that his Majesty and the Archbishops of 



214 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



Canterbury and York were papists in their hearts. [Draft settled 
hy Sir John Lambe. 3 pp.^ 

83. Exceptions taken to various passages in sermons of Dr. [John ?] 
Prideaux. Apparently extracted from printed copies of six sermons, 
two of which were preached before the university, one before the 
King at Woodstock, and the rest at court. Several of the passages 
reflect upon the pride and haughtiness of the clergy. [2| pp.'] 

84. Minute of a suit of Bishop Duppa [?] of Chichester to Arch- 
bishop Laud. Requests him to propose to his Majesty the advantage 
which may be raised to the bishopric of Chichester by his dispensation, 
with his instructions, in the point of letting leases for lives of some 
houses ia Chancery Lane, by which the bishop hoped to augment the 
rents of the bishopric 2001. per annum. [_Endorsed by Sec. Wivde- 
ba/nk. ^ pP\ 

85. The King to Bishop Duppa [?] of Chichester. Letter of 
dispensation granted in pursuance of the request contained in the 
article last calendared, authorizing the said bishop to grant leases 
for three lives of houses in Chancery Lane, belonging to the see of 
Chichester. [Draft endorsed by Sec. Windebanh 1 jp.] 

86. Particular by Mr. Gery of his lease from the Dean and Chapter 
of Peterborough of the manors of Castor, Ailesworth, and Sutton, 
CO. Northampton, yet in being for 15 years. The whole premises 
are valued for purchase at 5,874?. 16s., exclusive of the dean's rent 
of fifty odd pounds. [1 p.] 

87. Admonition out of the Audience Court of Canterbury, directed 
to Elizabeth Smyth, widow, relict and executrix of Millicent Smyth. 
She is called upon to pay to Samuel Willingham 111. 14s. for tithes 
adjudged to him by a sentence given against Millicent Smyth, with 
40s. costs, or to appear before Sir CharJes Ctesar, judge of the said 
court, in St. Paul's Cathedra], on the second court day after the feast 
of St. Faith the Virgin next, to see and hear herself excommunicated 
for nonpayment. [Copy. \ p^ 

88. Information, according to the endorsement, by [Nicholas] Gare, 
of misdemeanors committed by Miles Burkitt since his admonition. 
Although he read his submission, yet he made an apology for himself, 
and preaching the same afternoon he justified himself, saying that he 
never preached anything tending to faction and schism. About the 
time of Prynne and Burton passing through his parish, and since his 
admonition, he delivered in the pulpit that though the faithful were 
molested, persecuted, and cropped, yet they would continue faithful 
still. Since his admonition he has had monthlj* communions, and 
has often omitted to bow at the name of Jesus. He has employed 
the collections for the poor to his own use ; he has been at a conven- 
ticle and fast at Marston St. Lawrence; he has often omitted to 
catechise the youth ; he has not begun to read his afternoon service 
until other neighbouring parishes have ended ; that they should 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 215 



L1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 

resort to his sermons, which he continues until six or seven o'clock 
at night ; he uses his own extemporary prayers when he visits the 
sick ; he will not suffer the youth of the parish upon Sundays, after 
evening prayer, to ring ; nor, when he churches women, wUl he suffer 
them to kneel near the communion table. There was a fast held at 
Marston St. Lawrence (as was conceived), for Prynne's and Burton's 
deliverance, at which fast Mr. Burkitt was present. [1 p.] 

89. Articles objected by the Commissioners for Causes Ecclesias- 
tical against Sir Giles Estcourt, of Salisbury, that he had unjustly 
got possession of the churchyard of St. Edmund's, Salisbury, and 
had applied the same to his own use, putting his horses and cattle 
to graze therein, and had felled a number of goodly elm trees growing 
therein, defacing the graveyard mounds in carrying them away, 
and leaving the church destitute of defence on the western side 
against the winds. [4| pp.] 

90. Articles objected by the Commissioners for Ecclesiastical 
Causes against Francis Muse, of Holdenby, co. Northampton. He 
is charged with a variety of ecclesiastical offences, most of then^ 
being abuses of his power and influence as keeper of the Queens 
house at Holdenby. He had refused to consent to having any elec- 
tion of churchwardens, parish clerk, or any other parish officers, 
unless he might have their nomination ; in consequence whereof the 
church had fallen into great decay, especially of the seats and reading 
desk, and there were no proper books or other articles necessary for 
divine service ; and when the minister named and chose one John 
Barrett to be parish clerk, defendant swore that he would not come 
to church, nor receive the holy communion, so long as he continued 
parish clerk. Also that several of the parishioners having provided 
various articles necessary for divine service, amongst them a silver 
bowl for the sacrament, the defendant had got these articles into his 
custody, and employed them to common uses. That he had used the 
churchyard as a milking place for his cattle, and kept the key of the 
church door, and suffered it to be opened only when he listed. That 
he refused to bow at the name of Jesus, and entertained great hatred 
against the minister, on whom he had laid violent hands, and pro- 
tested he would never come to church when that minister preached 
or read prayers. Moreover, that the few inhabitants of Holdenby 
had for many years been allowed a way to church through the 
garden of the great house, but defendant had denied them that 
accommodation, and compelled the parson and his servants to go a 
quarter of a mile about by a way over shoes and up to the ankles 
in dirt, with many other acts and words indicative of bad feeling ~ 
towards the clergyman. [24 pp.] 

91. Answers of Francis Muse to the questions before calendared. 
As to the state of repair of the church, he contends that the seats are 
as handsome as are ordinarily found in country churches thereabouts ; 
that the minister's reading desk is as it has continued time out of 
mind ; and for the books, there is a fair Bible and Common Prayer 



216 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1, 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



Book, although neither of them of the last translation. For the 
bells, he never saw any of them. There was a parish clerk put in 
by Mr. Wade, the last incumbent, who was displaced by Mr. Hill, 
the present incumbent, and another put in, whom this examinant for 
just causes does not so well like ; but he denies his alleged opposition 
to the election of churchwarden or parish clerk, or that he ever chal- 
lenged the naming of them. The chalice or communion cup being 
foul and slovenly kept, examinant was by the last incumbent desired 
to take ifc into his custody, but it was never detained from the church 
or employed to any common use, and since he was first accused 
thereof he has utterly refused to take the same into his keeping. 
Renting the churchyard of Mr. Hill for a yearly consideration, he 
put his kine therein, and caused them to be milked there to the 
number of 20 ; but he did not believe that the place was ever so dirty 
as to be offensive. It is very probable that dung might be left in 
the church porch, but he took care to have it made clean by the 
Lord's Day. The church key was left at his house by the former 
parish clerk, but he never denied it to anyone that came for it. He 
has always well approved of bowing at the name of Jesus. When 
absent from church it was when he was necessitated by the service 
of the Queen, or when he went to Lady Spencer's at Althorp, where 
his wife almost continually is. The stopping of the way alluded to 
is by reason of her Majesty's pleasure that her garden should be kept 
private. When any of the inhabitants have gone to church that way 
it was by courtesy of examinant, and so much favour he should not 
have denied the parson if he had ever fairly desired the same. 
Denies all threats or acts of violence towards him. [26^ pp.} 

92. Opinion of Sir Edward Littleton, Solicitor-General, as to the 
right and mode of presentation to the prebend of Sutton-cum- 
Buckingham. A. being in possession by grant from the Crown, and 
pretending a surrender of the prebend in the time of Edward VI., 
no such surrender can be found. Sir Edward was of opinion that 
A. had not a good estate therein, and that the King might confer 
the same on whom he pleased, by direction to the Dean and Chapter, 
or, if the prebend had belonged to a religious house, to the Archbishop, 
by reason of the suspension. [1 p.'] 

93. Abstract by Robert Smith of the contents of some work 
written against the interference of the courts of common law in suits 
respecting customs or prescriptions of tithing, the offices of ministers, 
the recovery of treble damages for predial tithes not set out, and in 
suits respecting dowries, or money or chattels obtained by matrimony. 

94. Copy of the same. [2| pp."] 

95. Memorandum endorsed as relating to the New Churchyard, 
and addressed to " Mr. Alsop." This piece of ground was given to 
the city for a burj'ing place, the fee being Is. for ground and 6d. to 
the grave-maker, but for a minister I do not hear of any, for it is 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 217 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 

to be understood they always bring one with them. This maj^ be a 
non-conformitan plot, that so in what manner they list they may 
bury the dead. The government thereof is to go from one lord 
mayor to another, and the profit of the ground they may dispose to 
their favourites. Alderman Clithorow gave it to one Clithorow, a 
kinsman of his, in whose hands it now is, and such as he favours 
may do what they will, dry fustians (as a dweller thereby doth), or 
anything else. Suggests that Dr. Worrell's curate should be ap- 
pointed to bury the dead, with a fee appointed to him as well as to 
Clithorow and the grave-maker, and he to give an account for all 
that are not buried after the manner of the Church of England. 
Occasion should be taken of this disorderly burying of Eaton to put 
this in practice; whether the time be seasonable the Archbishop 
knows best. [1 p.^ 

96. Note of the state of two appeals from the Court of Audience 
by Henry Alleyn, one in a cause of defamation against Waters, 
Steward, and Pinkard, in which the judge of the Audience had 
excommunicated Alleyn for not answering personally before wit- 
nesses were produced. In this case the judges delegates ordered the 
original cause to proceed, Alleyn answering as far as he is bound by 
law. The other appeal was in a cause of Furins and others, church- 
wardens of Aylesbury, in which the judge of the Audience had given 
sentence against Dr. Eoane and Henry Alleyn. Dr. Roane concurred 
in the appeal, and promised to pay half the charge, and gave 
Mr. Leake order to lay it out, but he refuses to do so in Dr. Roane's 
absence, [f pp.^ 

97. Information of Dr. Sibsye or Shepsy and Charles Robson, 
respecting 700L remitted to Dr. Stoughton, of London, by Mr. White 
and Mr. Benne, of Dorchester, and Mr. Browne, of Frampton, Dorset. 
The money was transmitted through the hands of Nicholas Phill, 
of Lydlinch, Dorset. It was stated to be childrens' portions. 
Mr. Phill has been reproved by his kinsman Higden, of Lyon's Inn, 
for " twattling " about the matter. [2 pp.] 

98. Certificate by William Earl of Newcastle, that William Coote, 
D.D., is well settled in his religion and conformity according to the 
" orthodoxall verity of the Church of England," and that there is no 
cause of fear that he should revolt from the same whether he travel 
beyond seas or no. [^ p.} 

99. Notes made by Bishop Wren, of Ely, late of Norwich, on the 
several articles contained in Bishop Montague's account of the state 
of his diocese, remitted to Archbishop Laud. [2| pp.} 

100. Proposal for augmenting the income of the Vicar of Berwick- 
upon-Tweed. The facts relating to this vicarage, already stated in 
our Calendar notice of Vol. ccclxxv.. No. 67, are here recapitulated, 
and the proposal made in that paper is renewed, namely, that the 



218 DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 



[1G88?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 

Dean and Chapter of Durham should grant the vicar a lease of cer- 
tain tithes now held under them by William Risdon and John Sal- 
tonstall, and that the King should call for a surrender of a lease 
of certain premises in the palace at Berwick, demised by the 
late King to the corporation of that town, who had permitted 
them to fall into ruin. It was calculated that the profits to be de- 
rived from the lease of the tithes would constitute a proper endow- 
ment for the vicarage, exclusive of the payment of 40i. per annum,, 
now made to the vicar by the King, and that from the premises to 
be surrendered by the corporation 400Z. could be raised to settle 
with Risdon and Saltonstall. [2^ pp?^ 

101. Another statement to the same effect as the preceding, but 
not quite so full on certain points. [1^ p.] 

102. Instructions [for articles in the High Commission] against Sir 
Richard Samuel, of Gayton, co. Northampton, for a varietj' of acts 
of oppression, principally against clergymen, some of which have been 
already mentioned m the calendar of a paper dated 26th January 
1637-8. This paper sets out the particulars of seven specific cases of 
alleged misconduct. [1 p.] 

10-3. Answers of Lambert Osbolston, clerk, of tl)e city of West- 
minster, to articles objected against him by the Commissioners for 
Causes EcclesiasticaJ. Admits the authority of the High Commission, 
and his knowledge of the decree of the Star Chamber respecting the 
licensing of printed books. Denies all knowledge of the authorship 
of the book entitled " The Holy Table, name and thing, &c.," or that 
it was not, as stated in the title page, written in Queen Mary's days. 
Believes that Dr. Heylin wrote the book called " A Coal from the 
Altar," but did not know it until he put out his other book in reply 
to the Holy Table, in which he acknowledged the same. Professes 
himself innocent of any intention to give offence to the King, from 
whom, and his father, examinant has been maintained and bi'ought 
up ever since he was nine years of age, from whom he has ever since, 
in a more special measure than many better deserving men, enjoyed 
so many blessings and comforts through his whole life to this day, 
that he should hold himself unworthy of life or being if he should 
once wittingly or willingly harbour the least thought, or incline to 
give his Majesty any suspicion, much less any just occasion to incur 
the least displeasure against him. He was ignorant of a certain 
passage in the book articulate, now shown to him, but, as he sees it 
in the same book, and whether it concerns or is meant thereby that 
there is a deviation in the holy sacraments or ceremonies of the 
Church of England, or not, he knows not. Professes his hearty 
desire that he may live no longer than he shall be ready to be found 
an obedient son of the Church of England, and to give all due reve- 
rence a.nd respect to the prelacy of the same. Believes that the 
book, " Holy Table, name and thing, &c." was printed in the city of 
London ; denies that he knows who was corrector of the press. 
Shortly after it was printed, a bundle of those books, to the number 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 219 



[1638?] VOL.CCCCVI. 

of six, was left at examinant's house ia Westminster, by one whose 
name he knows not, directed to the Bishop of Lincoln, which exami- 
nant sent to Buckden, or delivered them to his Lordship at his first 
coming to town, but which of them he remembers not. On May 27th, 
1637, he wrote the letter to the Bishop of Lincoln now produced, 
wherein are these words : — " These designs are to frighten you from 
answering the railing little pamphlet, which I would do or die, if I 
had half the ability of your Lordship." This noway refers to the 
" Holy Table, name and thing, &c." [24 pp.] 

104. Rejoinder of Bishop Williams, of Lincoln, to the replication 
of the Attorney-General in one of the numerous suits in the Star 
Chamber against him. He will maintain his answer, and that 
nothing thereof ought to be expunged that is necessary for his 
defence, and if anything so necessary be expunged, defendant, and all 
other the King's subjects, being remediless in law, appeals to the 
High Court of Parliament when it shall next assemble, protesting in 
the meantime against any sentence that shall pass against him as 
null and void. Richard Kilvert has made himself prosecutor in this 
and many other suits against defendant, and having procured the 
most necessary matter for defendant's defence to be expunged out of 
his answer, and having published to Dr. Hamlet Marshall and others 
that the end of this prosecution is to degrade defendant, and deprive 
him of his bishopric and deanery (being his freeholds), and of his 
honour of peership and place in parliament (being likewise his free- 
hold), defendant not conceiving Kilvert's averment to be true, nor 
that defendant deserves any sentence at all, nor that this court ever 
degraded or ever will degrade any bishop or other lord or peer of 
parliament, yet, because the replicant, by procurement of Kilvert at 
a hearing in this cause in July 13th, Car. Reg., pressed in open court 
the degradation of defendant, by misurging a precedent of 26th April, 
Anno 34 Regni Eliz., and the same was approved by some of the 
Lords, and for other reasons here stated, arising in the prosecution 
of this cause, defendant is and will be ready to prove all these 
matters, and that in the kingdom of England all the ecclesiastical 
lords are peers and barons of parliament, and cannot be deprived or 
degraded by this court, and therefore against any such demand or 
sentence defendant appeals to parliament. [Copy in the handwriting 
of Robert Read, Sec. Windebank's secretary. 2^ pp^ 

10-5. General statement of charges of misconduct brought against 
Bishop Williams, of Lincoln, in reference to each of the four places 
which he holds in the Church of England, viz., as rector of Walgrave, 
CO. Northampton, residentiary of the church of Lincoln, Dean of 
Westminster, and Bishop of Lincoln. He has never been at Wal- 
grave since he was made bishop, whereat the whole county murmurs. 
As residentiary of Lincoln, he is charged with omitting to remedy 
certain great grievances affecting Bigglesworth [Biggleswade], co. 
Bedford, which is a prebend belonging to the church of Lincoln worth 
400^. per annum, but the chancel is left altogether ruinous ; although 



220 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



presented by the inhabitants at least 20 times, and. viewed by 
the bishop himself, there is no reformation. Mr. Lambert Osbolston 
is the prebendary of this place; Sir William Fish the tenant. As 
Dean of Westminster, it is asserted that the bishop holds the deanery 
by breach of a statute of that place, made since the Reformation. 
As Bishop of Lincoln, it is alleged that at a visitation, when he was 
Lord Keeper, he sent down a commission to take up all the fees due 
to his officers at that visitation, whereby 32 oflBcers were deprived 
of their fees. It is also stated that the clergy of his diocese are 
much offended because he takes a bond of all ministers at the time 
of their institution to resign in case the bishop's right of patronage 
be disputed. [Sh pp.] 

106. Certificate [of nine proctors practising in the Court of High 
Commission ?] that they never knew any table of fees hung up in the 
registrar's office of that court, and therefore cannot say what fees 
were due in the 30th Elizabeth. l_Copy. f p.] 

107. Charge given to the jury empannelled to inquire of fees 
which for the space of 30 years had been used to be taken by the 
officers of every particular court. [^ p.] 

108. Articles of enquiry for the diocese of Norwich in the first visi- 
tation of Bishop Montague in 1638. At the foot of the title page is 
printed the following note : " This book of articles, being extremely 
negligently printed at London (which impression I disavow), I was 
forced to review ,and have it printed again at Cambridge. R. Norv." 
[Po'inted Mo. 18 pp.l 

109. Similar articles of enquiry, being the edition of the preceding 
printed at London by E.P. for Henry Seile. [Printed 4to. 27 pp^ 

110. Extract from the High Commission issued for the province of 
York, being the clause upon which they grounded their proceeding 
" with the Chester men ;" that is, the persons who were punished 
for showing kindness to William Prynne when on his way to Car- 
narvon, the first place of his banishment. [1^ p.] 

111. Report of the referee of the Lords of the Council, directed to 
enquire concerning debts due by Dr. John Scott, Dean of York. 
One of the debts in question was 200Z. due by bond to Archibald 
Armstrong. The referee reports that Armstrong received from the 
Dean four acquittances of 5QI. each, for rent of the tithes of Pickering 
payable by the Earl of Danby, and that under an order of the Lords 
of 15th May 1637 Armstrong i-eceived one payment of 50?., but on 
the 7th June 1637 that order was revoked, as obtained by"sur- 
reption," and as being contrary to an order of the 14th February before, 
" which is the true state of that business." The other debt was 612Z. 
due to Aquila Weeks, keepei" of the Gatehouse. The dean, having 
been taken in execution for 600?. due to Richard Coish and Obadiah 
Coish, was committed to the Gatehouse, and stUl remains there a 
prisoner, although the plaintiffs Coish had obtained a judgment 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 221 



[1638?] Vol. CCCCVI. 

against Weekes for 612L upon an escape, for permitting the dean 
to go abroad. "Weekes petitioned for a sequestration of the estate 
of the dean, upon the supposition that a former sequestration was 
satisfied, but the referee reported that he found the same to be far 
otherwise. [Copy. I p-\ 

112. Clauses extracted from the Royal Charter to the University 
of Oxford, by which they were exempted from the duty of furnisliing 
carriages or provisions to the royal household. [Latin. 1 p.] 

113. Instructions of Archbishop Laud for the I ))reparation of 
articles to be inquired of at the visitation of Merton College, Oxford. 

] 1 4. Articles to be inquired of at tlie visitation of Merton College, 
apparently a draft endeavoured to be framed by altei-ations of the 
articles used at a previous visitation held on the 2(3th May 1562. 

mpp-] 

115. Petition of John Norton, stationer, to Arclibishop Laud. 
Mr. Haviland, a licensed printer, by the Star Chamber decree, is lately 
dead. Petitioner prays the archbishop to confer the vacant place 
upon him. [^ p.] 

116. Petition of Mary Oakes alias Kempe to the same. Pe- 
titioner's father, Nicholas Oakes, of London, printer, being, by reason 
of great age, unable to follow his vocation, petitioned the Arch- 
bishop for turning over liis press to John Oakes, his son, aged 30, 
who agreed to pay his father 251. per annum, and to give petitioner 
501. By reason he is not set down in the decree, petitioner's brother 
fears to be hindered in the exercise of the said art, and refuses to 
perform his agreement. Prays that he may subsist, as he now does, 
by favour, and have the reversion of the next printer's place whicii 
shall fall void, in order that petitioner may receive the 501. promised. 
\_8ee Vols, ccclxii., No. 65, and ccclxiv., No. 111. | p.^ 

117. Petition of William Stevenson to the King. Petitioner being 
a recusant, and having compounded for his recusancy, was lately 
called before the High Commission at York, and there questioned 
concerning a certain library of books intercepted upon the River 
Ouse by ofBcers of the Archbishop of York, and albeit the library 
consisted of books ordinarily sold at Paul's Churchyard, and nothing 
proved against petitioner, he was tendered the oath, which he did 
not refuse, but only prayed time to consider, whereupon he was 
committed prisoner to the Castle of York. Prays that he may be 
enlarged, giving caution for his appearance before the Council. 

118. List of books, principally theological, brought out of the Low 
Countries. It has been suggested that these are the books men- 
tioned in the preceding article ; but these are chiefly Protestant 
works, and it does not appear that the books in Stevenson's case 
came from the Low Countries. [2^ pp.^ 



222 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



[1638?] VO..CCCCYL 

119. Petition of Thomas Tanckard, William Stevenson, and Thomas 
Harrison, to the King. The Archbishop of York's pursuivant has 
seized certain books pretended to belong to a seminary priest ; and it 
is also pretended that Tanckard had the books in his house, that 
Stevenson ordered them to be sent down the Ouse to York, and that 
Harrison was to convey them into Lincolnshire. Petitioners were 
wholly ignorant what was contained in the trunks, except that they 
were such works as are ordinarily sold in St. Paul's Churchyard, 
and having compounded with the commissioners for their recusancy, 
they pray to be freed from further trouble, and that Sec. Windebank 
may take the books into his custody, till you declare your royal 
pleasure. [1 p.] 

120. Petition of Sir Francis Mannock and Mary his wife to the 
same. Have ever been loyal and dutiful subjects, and will always so 
continue. Have but a small estate, which is charged with four 
annuities. Pray grace and favour that they may not be molested 
under the laws of recusancy. [-5- p.] 

London House. 121. Lord Treasurer Juxon to [the Justices of Peace of Cornwall]. 
There are many popisli recusants in that county who have not been 
duly indicted and convicted. You are to send your precepts to the 
high constables, requiring them to give directions to the church- 
wardens and petty constables to certify the names and places of 
abode of recusants to the high constables, and that they present the 
same at the next assizes or sessions, whereupon the clerks of the 
assizes and of the peace may proceed to their conviction, and make 
I'eturns thereof to the clerk of the escheats ; lastly, the said clerks 
at the time of these presentments are to suffer the bearer whom we 
have appointed to attend this service, to take a list of tlie recusants 
names. [Fo7^m not filled up nor signed by any one save Bishop 
Juxon. f p.] 

122. Note of the names of recusants against whom process has been 
stayed by letters under the privy signet. They were William 
Arundel, second son of Lord Arundel of Wardour, and Lady Mary 
St. John his wife, Capt. John Eead, Sir Francis Mannock and Mary 
his wife. Sir Henry Browne and Elizabeth his wife, William Bradshaw 
and Margaret his wife, Robert Hewitt and Mary his wife, Sir Henry 
Awdeley and Anne his wife, and Thomas Lord Arundel of Wardour 
and Anne his wife. [JEndo7'sed, Mr. Offley's information. [1 p.] 

] 23. The King to the Judges of Assize, Justices of Peace, and 
Clerks of Assize and Peace for cos. Oxford and Wilts. Lady 
Elizabeth Stonor of Blount's Court, widow, stands indicted for re- 
cusancy in CO, Oxford. Being a weak and sickly woman, our plea- 
sure is that you forbear to proceed against her, her lands and goods, 
until our pleasure be therein signified. {Minute. Underwritten, 
" Thomas Croftes" and endorsed " Mr. Cradock." f p.'\ 

124. Petition of John Jennison, of Walworth, co. Durham, a re- 
cusant convict, to the King. Your Majesty was moved, upon view 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 223 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 

of a petition and certificate stated to be annexed, to grant a reference 
to the commissioners in the north, but petitioner has not been able 
to obtain any relief. His composition of SOI. per annum, being near 
upon three parts of his estate, with the arrears, are returned into 
the Exchequer. Prays that his composition may be rated according 
to the usual rate of a third part of the yearly value of his estate, 
the arrears be mitigated, and an " estallment " thereof made, at the 
discretion of the commissioners. [The petition and certificate stated 
to have been annexed are j)robably those calendared under date of 
17th May 1638, Vol. cccxc., No. 97. | p.] 

125. Edward Earl of Dorset to Attorney-General Bankes. You 
are to add this to Mr. Gilford's grant, that no house be under twenty 
foot in breadth. [J p^ 

126. [Sec. Windebank to Lord Treasurer Juxon and Lord Cot- 
tington, Chancellor of the Exchequer.] Eecites petition of Peter 
Gifibrd, described as of co. Stafford, calendared above. The persons 
addressed, with the Barons and others of the Exchequer, are next 
term to consider the informations therein mentioned, and the statutes 
whereon they are grounded, and to certify his Majesty whether by the 
letter or equity of the said statutes Gifford be liable to the penalties 
for keeping or relieviug priests or hearing mass, whereupon his 
Majesty will direct his pleasure therein, and in the meantime, by 
such course as their experience may direct, they are to stay the pro- 
ceeding upon such records as concern the petitioner in the points 
above enumerated. Nevertheless, touching the charge against pe- 
titioner, of conveying his lands to the maintenance of priests, they 
are to try the same according to the ordinary course of like trials, 
and to give his Majesty a particular account thereof upon their 
return from your circuit. \Draft of probably a suggested letter. 
21 p>p.'\ 

127. Petition of Richard Forster to the King. Gives thanks for 
the mercy your Majesty has had on him in pardoning him his re- 
cusancy, with all convictions and penalties, whereby you have raised 
him, as it were, from death. Continuing a Roman Catholic, by the 
course of the law he is likely to be shortly again indicted and con- 
victed of recusancy, and otherwise molested for his religion, where- 
by he will be disabled to do your Majesty those services his heart 
dictates to him he may and ought to do. Prays his Majesty to sign 
the paper annexed to this petition. [^ p.] Annexed, 

127. I. The King to allJudges and other officers. Being satisfied 
of the loyalty of Richard Forster, his Majesty charges the 
jjersons addressed and all others not to cause or suffer 
him to be prosecuted under any laws made against popish 
recusants. [For'm, the date not being filled up. f ^.] 

J 28. Petition of John Williams, Rowland Baugh, William 
Dowthwaite, and others, his Majesty's patentees, to the King, 



224 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVI. 



Your Majesty was pleased to give order for proceeding in a cause 
in the Exchequer Chamber between Eichard Michell, plaintiff, and 
petitioners, defendants. Pray that before this cause be heard, which 
is, upon pretence of equity, against your Majesty's title, it may be 
referred to the judges and some of your counsel-at-law whether any 
equity is to be admitted against this forfeiture to your Majesty, 
tliat so you may be sure to receive no prejudice either in regard of 
a future precedent or diminution of revenue, a tenth of the profits 
being reserved to your Majesty, and that in the meantime the hearing 
may be respited. [Endorsed by Sec. Windebanh as" Mr. Popham's 
busioiess." ^ p.] 

129. Petition of Alexander Ward, prisoner in Newgate, to the 
King. Petitioner was accused of feloniously taking away 10s. from 
a boy, although authorized to do so by the owner ; neither owner nor 
boy were produced against him, yet he was convicted and sentenced to 
be executed on Wednesday next. Has from his youth, for 12 years, 
followed your Majesty's wars, and never neglected any employment 
in which he might do your Majesty and his country service. Prays 
for a reprieve. \_^ p.'\ 

130. Brief in a cause of Eichard Grant upon the demise of Edward 
Luttrell versus John Ley, touching the descent of certain lands 
called Northcott, settled upon the marriage of Eichard Ley (father 
of Philip Ley, of whom Luttrell was the executor,) with Margaret 
Jewell, daughter of John Jewell. It is desired by Luttrell that, the 
question being merely one of law, there may be a special verdict. 

131. Certified copy of the will of William Tempest the elder, 
made the 9th August 1 627, but apparently in question in Trinity 
Term 1638. He mentions his wife, his sons Eobert, Thomas the 
lawyer, Andrew and William, his daughter Elizabeth, and his 
cousins Eobert Tempest and George Vaughan, and he bequeaths his 
farms at Norton, Kidlington, and Somerton. [1 p.] 

132. Petition of John Ashburnham to Francis Lord Cottington, 
Master of the Court of Wards. Petitioner, having taken a lease of 
lands belonging to Cecilia Lady de la Warr, has manured the same for 
the best advantage, and in particular has been at great charge in the 
burning of 15 acres of down and heath, which he believes he may 
lawfully do by virtue of his lease. Yet in regard of an injunction 
issued out of the Court of Wards about July 1 637, to prohibit occu- 
piers of Lord de la Warr's lands to plough ground not formerly 
ploughed, petitioner did not venture to plough the said 15 acres last 
year without licence, which was granted for that year only. Prays 
extension of the licence to plough and sow the 15 acres for three 
years more, petitioner being answei'able for any damage. [ 1 jo.] 

133. Brief in a suit, perhaps in the Star Chamber, in which 
Katherine Kinder complained against William England and others 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I, 225 



[1638?] V0L.CCCCVI. 

for turning her out of a house in Swainton, co. Nottingham, which 
Robert Earl of Kingston had agreed that she should have for her 
life. Katherine Kinder's brother Philip having displeased the Earl, 
he let the house to William England, who compelled Katherine to 
remove by pulling down the walls of the house. [3| ^p.] 

134. Petition of Elizabeth Chapman to Sir John Lambe. Being 
a hired servant to Samuel Fisher of Ingoldsby, co. Lincoln, with fair 
promises of marriage, he overcame petitioner, but being with child 
he turned her out of doors. Being very poor, she prays to be ad- 
mitted in forma pauperis to sue for the wrong done to her. [^ p.] 

135. Petition of Andrew Burton, Richard Hulett, Felix Wilson, 
and John Burton, executors of Henry Fryer, to the King. John 
Fryer, heir-at-law to Thomas Fryer, his father, and to Henry 
Fryer, his brother, sued petitioners in the Court of Wards, they 
being trustees for charitable uses, whereupon they petitioned the 
King to dispose of the lands to such uses of charity as to him should 
seem good. The King accepted thereof, and stayed the proceedings 
in the Court of "Wards. Thereupon Thomas Fryer, Dr. in Physic, 
younger brother to Henry Fryer, exhibited a bill in Chancery against 
petitioners, and that being dismissed twelve other suits have been 
prosecuted against them. Having by their care advanced the per- 
sonal estate of the testator 500?., and having no other recompense 
but a legacy of 40?. each, they pray for some further allowance out 
of the estate for their pains. [1 p.'\ 

136. Petition of Sir Edward Powell, Mary his wife, and Sir Peter 
Vanlore, to Archbishop Laud, Lord Keeper Coventry, Bishop Juxon, 
Lord Treasurer, and the Earl of Manchester, Lord Privy Seal. His 
Majesty has upon several petitions referred to you several suits in 
the said petitions mentioned. There are other differences between 
them not comprised in the said petitions. They pray you to under- 
take the determination thereof, [f p.] 

137. Brief of proofs of Eleanor Ell worthy alias Weild, in a cause 
in the Court of Delegates, for the establishment of the nuncupative 
will of Grace Wood, late of Crediton, deceased. [=17 pp.] 

138. Briei ex parte Rawson against John Browne, being a 

suit in the Court of Arches by the rector of Witherston, for the tithes 
of Broadmead and Broadmead lines. Witherston was a reputed 
rectory in the diocese of Salisbury, and heretofore there was a chapel 
in that place. The incumbent was inducted upon a garden plot of 
ground where heretofore the chapel stood. [ = 9^^.] 



13. 



226 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



VOL. COCGVII. Undated, 1638. 



[1638?] 1. Brief in a cause before the Court of Delegates respecting the 
administration of the estate of Edward Ramsey. Eobert Eamsej'-, 
j-ounger brother of the deceased, obtained letters of administration. 
Roger Ramsey, the elder brother, sued for an account, but could not 
obtain sentence, the administrator having a great interest in the 
Judge. The present appeal is as for a denial of justice. [1 J i^-] 

2. Opinion of Sir Robert Heath that in a quare impedit if the 
court writes to a bishop to certify whether the church be full of a 
clerk, the bishop is not judge of the right, but is to return the fact. 
[Endorsed, " For Mr. Lloyd." ^ p."] 

3. Brief in a suit in Chancery of Lady Elizabeth Hatton against 
Sir Robert Coke and others, defendants. The plaintiff sought com- 
pensation for the breach by Sir Edward Coke of his agreement made 
before his marriage with her, whereby she shall be damnified SOflOOl. 
It relates to the manor of Fakenham, Norfolk, and those of Wittlesey, 
Croft, and Corfe Castle, with Hatton House. [ = 2 pp.^ 

4. Brief in the Arches Court in the case of the administration of 
the estate of John Belke. The suit was between William Belke, 
nephew of the intestate, against Valentine'Belke, administrator, and 
Thomas Belke, Michael Belke, Gabriel Belke, Anna Belke alias 
Nicholson, Anna Giles alias Hunt, and Frances Giles alias Para- 
more, aephews and nieces intervening. [See Vols, ccclxxxvii., No. 
64, and cccxciii., No. 22. 2 j^p.j 

5. Another brief in the same matter. [2 pp."] 

6. Brief in a cause in the Court of Arches on behalf of Edward 
Bedwell, of Ipswich, against Edmund Baldero and Dr. Peirce. 
Bedwell, at Easter, at the time of ministration of the communion in 
the church of St. Lawrence, came into the chancel, and presented 
himself in a seat near the communion table, kneeling in a reverent 
manner in the sight of Mr. Baldero, the clergyman. He passed him 
over, because he did not come to the rail, and he was thereupon 
presented for not receiving the sacrament. [3^ pp^ 

7. Petition of Mary Lady Howard, alias Grenville, to the King. 
Was forced, for safeguard of her life and preservation of her estate, 
from Sir Richard Grenville to fly to the Courts of High Commission 
and Arches, where, after long and tedious suits, she obtained a 
separation and a legal divorce, and had enjoyed her estate in peace 
for seven years. On 28th October last Sir Richard exhibited a 
petition to his Majesty, endeavouring to disquiet petitioner in her 
fortune so settled, he never being of any estate at all, but having 
prejudiced her estate at least 10,000^. Prays that she may not be 
disturbed in her life or fortune so legally settled, [f p.] 

8. Depositions of witnesses in a cause of Joice Battell, of the 
parish of Tewin, co. Herts, spinster, against Ann Sharmebrooke 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 227 



|-1638 2] Vol. CCCCVII. 

wife of John Sharmebrooke, for defamation, in saying that Joice was 
with child by Samuel Field. [6i pp.'] 

9. Legal case for the opinion of [Mr. Shuter] as to whether the 
existence of a suit for the establishment of a pre-contract at the 
time of entering into the ordinary bond given on obtaining a mar- 
riage licence was a breach of the condition of that bond, although 
the decision in the suit was against the pre-contract. [^ p.] 
Annexed, 

9. I. Opinion \of Mr. 8huter'\ that the existence of svxh a suit was 
a forfeiture of the bond, [f p.] 

9. II. Copy of the bond above referred to, given by John Geers of 

St. Bride's, merchant tailor, and Daniel Dale of St. 
Andrew's, Holborn, gentleman, to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, in 2001. Bated 15th June 1638. [| p.] 

10. Thomas Babthorpe, to some one addressed as Eight Honour- 
able. Presents the order of the court with his suit that you 
would speak to the Lord Privy Seal that he may appear in court 
to demand his right. [| p.] Annexed, 

10. I. Order of the Court [of Requests'] in a cause of Thomas 

Babthorpe and William Brand agahist Sir Guy Palmes, 
Francis Lister, John Hall, Thomas Charlton, and 'Walter 
Cobcroft, The court refused to relieve Brand for an 
annuity, upon an assignment made by Babthorpe from 
parts beyond seas, leaving Babthorpe at his return to seek 
relief for the same. [1^ p.] 

11. Order of Council upon a petition of Marmaduke More. He 
confessed some errors, and prayed the Lords to accept his submission. 
The Lords, for the Earl of Suffolk, his lord and master's sake, passed 
by the same, but ordered More to pay to Badcock such costs as 
should be allowed by Sir Dudley Carleton for the trouble he has 
been put to by More. [Draft. | p.] 

12. Note by William Herberd, attorney for the defendant, of a 
case of John Winne against Thomas Agas, in which the plaintiff 
sought to recover 20s. for teaching the defendant's son for one year. 
The plaintiff was permitted by consent to give evidence. [Copy, 
temp. Car. II., of an earlier paper. IJ p.] 

13. Part of a brief in a cause between Denzil Holies, and his 
mother Ann, Countess Dowager of Clare, respecting the validity of 
the will of the late Earl, who died on the 4th October 1637, and 
the rights of the said Denzil thereunder. The present paper con- 
tains the history of the marriage of Denzil Holies with Dorothy, 
daughter of Sir Francis Ash|by7 and particulars of the last illness 
and death of the Earl of Clargf [ = 10 pp.] 

14!. Brief on the part of Nurse and Whittington against Croker, 
a cause in the Court of Delegates, touching' the validity of the 

P 2 



228 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I, 

[1638?] Vox,. CCCCVII. 

will of Philip Croker, dated 30 September 1633, and proved in the 
Prerogative Court, 8th January 1634-5. [16 pp.] 

15. Brief on behalf of John Croker against the proof of the 
pretended will of PhiHp Croker. [10 pp.] 

16. Depositions touching Elizabeth Penkevill, to be added to the 
brief in the cause of Meddock against Lurkyn in the Arches Court. 
These depositions relate to the delivery of the said Elizabeth of a 
man child, of whom she declared Joseph Cockaine to be the father. 
She had been cook in the family of Sir Nicholas Halse. [14 pp.] 

17. Bi'ief on behalf of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, in a 
cause before the Court of Delegates against a pretended codicil to 
the will of Sir Francis Clerke. Sir Francis having founded certain 
fellowships in Sidney Sussex College, gave by his will certain debts 
owing to him from Sir Charles Blount to the said college in augmenta- 
tion of his fellowsliips. The will was dated the 31st May 1632, and 
was proved on 7th November 1632. Afterwards, in Trinity Terra 
1637, the codicil in question was produced and proved in common 
form. By that codicil a different disposition was made of the debts 
from Sir Charles Blount. [22 pp.] 

18. Statement by John Cockshut of his services in drawing the 
pleadings in various suits for his Majesty, and soliciting the same. 
Among the suits named is one against Mary Baker, for building un- 
lawfully at Piccadilly ; one against Thomas Viscount Savile, for 
enforcing Field to have sealed a deed by setting a stiletto to his 
breast ; and the cases against Henry Myarne, Sir John Corbet, the 
case touching Londonderry, the opposers of ship-money, the trans- 
porters of gold, those of Prynne and other libellers, the Bishop of 
Lincoln, and many others. [1 p.] 

19. Case and opinion of Sir Henry Calthorpe, on the question of 
whether a son of 14, his grandfather or father living, not yet fallen 
into wardship, may be disposed in marriage at the will of his parents 
without licence from the King. The opinion was, with some qualifi- 
cation, that he might. [^ p.] 

20. Petition of Anthony Robert to the King. To your royal 
disposal belong the offices of the 14 filazers of the Court of Common 
Pleas. Grants in reversion have been made to David Eamsey, 
Edward Burgh, Richard Francklin, junior, and John Dand, and on 
the death of Dand then to Francis Benson. Prays a similar grant 
in reversion to Ralph Gregge. [| p.] 

21. Petition of Arthur Mainwaring to the Council. About three 
years ago petitioner lent to William Bradshaw 60Z., for repayment 
whereof the said William Bradshaw, Edmond Bradshaw, and 
George Hopkins became bound. Edmond Bradshaw and Hopkins 
will not appear to any action, and Bradshaw, being under the com- 
mand of the Council, will neither pay petitioner nor give better 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 229 



[1638?] VoL.CCCCVIT. 

security. Petitioner prays that he may have the liberty to take the 
law against William Bradshaw. [1 p!] 

22. Petition of Thomas Sandiford, a poor prisoner in the Fleet, to 
the Council. Being committed from this Board, upon the false 
accusation of Edward Woodfine, for repeating words spoken by 
Lawrence Lewis, a dyer, petitioner was in Trinity Term last indicted 
upon the said words. The indictment has been ever since un- 
prosecuted, and petitioner has lain a year and a half in prison. His 
poor aged father and mother, with his wife and children and him- 
self, are like to perish. Lawrence Lewis, the prime author of the 
words, is now in the Fleet, and may be produced. Prays to be 
speedily tried or bailed, [f p.1 

23. Petition of Eichard Johnson, Clerk of the Commissions of 
Appeal in the Court of Chancery, and of Thomas Johnson, to Lord 
Coventry. Petitioner, Richard Johnson, with one Isaac Johnson, 
being heretofore appointed by letters patent clerks of the said com- 
missions, for the benefit of Isaac and his heirs, and Isaac being lately 
dead, and leaving the benefit of the said ofiice to petitioner Thomas 
Johnson, his son and heir, he, finding that the benefit of the oflBce 
does not exceed 30L per annum, and not being bred a clerk, nor 
capable to execute the same, petitioners pray to be allowed to dis- 
pose of the same to John Strangways. [f p.^ 

24. Petition of Anne Blewett and Thomas Buckner to the 
Council. The father of petitioner Anne by wiU gave her 600?., and 
appointed his son and heir to pay the same. He is since dead, 
having appointed John Blewett, his son and heir, to pa}' petitioner's 
legacy, who wrongfully detains the same. Petitioner being of late 
dangerously sick, Thomas Buckner laid out for her QOl., which he 
was promised to be paid by John Blewett almost two years ago. 
Pray a reference to Sir Thomas Middleton and Sir Maurice Abbott. 
Alderman Garraway and Alderman Smith. [§ p."] 

25. "A Memory," for Nicholas, from Sir Jacob Astley. To 
present to the Council that the trained bands for Devonshire have 
muskets not all of one bore. The deputy-lieutenants fear that their 
endeavour to bring the country to buy new muskets wiU not be suc- 
cessful. Suggestion that order to this effect should be given to the Earl 
of Bedford and Lord Russell. Sir Jacob Astley also prays the Lords 
to write to the mayor of Plymouth, or to Mr. Heles, who was mayor 
last, and knows that by some officers under Sir James Bagg a 
cistern of lead was taken out of the fort to reserve rain water, 
but which the heirs of Sir James Bagg pretend was his own. [1 p.'] 

26. Note of measures to be taken for defence of the realm. The 
navy to be rigged and maintained ; a Council of War to be esta- 
blished ; the companies of trained soldiers to be doubled ; a maga- 
zine of powder, Rhot, and match to be put in the chief town of 
every county ; all muskets to be of one bore ; calves and pigs not 



230 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638?] ^«^- ^^^^^^^- 

to be killed ; papists' arms to be taken away ; every one to take the 
oath of allegiance ; the Narrow Seas to be guarded ; castles to be forti- 
fied ; a garrison to be put among the islands of Scotland ; wagons to 
be had in readiness. [| p.] 

27. List, certified by James Tucker, mayor of Exeter, and six 
others, of the captains and other officers, with the names of all the 
enrolled soldiers, of the trained bands Jof Exeter and the .county 
of the same city. They number 449 officers and men. [,=^ pp-j 

28. Similar list, certified in the same manner, of such able men 
within that city and county as are fit for supplies of the trained 
bands there, but do not yet belong to the same. [919 TMmes. 
= 5 pp.] 

29. Note that Richard Bristow and Henry Stredwick usually 
absent themselves from musters in the rape of Arundel, [f p.] 

30. Note by Nicholas, that the Lord Admiral has by his patent 
authority to appoint any officers requisite for the government of the 
navy in England or Ireland. And that to have a supplementary 
authority in relation to the latter country might raise an argument 
as though the navy there were distinct from the navy in England. 
But he knew not whether the Lord Admiral's power extended to 
appoint commissioners. [1 p."] 

31. Note by Nicholas to move at the Council, for an order 
that the Lord High Admiral should cause ships to be set forth for 
guard of the Irish coast, out of the revenue of that kingdom, with an 
underwritten draft of the order desired. [Draft. 1 p.] 

32. Orders to be observed by the officers and company aboard his 
Majesty's ship Constant Reformation. [3^ pp.] 

33. Petition of Thomas Horth of Yarmouth, merchant, to the King. 
By virtue of letters of reprisal granted to Nicholas Polhill and George 
Polhill against the Dutch, they proceeded on a man-of-war voyage, 
and petitioner disbursed l,470i. to victual the Recovery to proceed 
on the said voyage, which sum was to be repaid out of the first 
2,0001, recovered. The Polhills have received 4,900Z. and yet refuse 
to^satisty petitioner, and by virtue of a protection, of which petitioner 
had no knowledge when he disbursed his money, they have debarred 
him from his remedy by law. Prays leave to take his course by law 
against the persons or goods of the Polhills, or that goods to the 
amount of petitioner's debt may be sequestered out of the 4,900il. to 
the King's use, to remain in part payment of the salt rent which 
petitioner and his partners are to pay to the King. [1 p.] 

34. Petition of Nicholas Polhill and his partners to the King. 
Your Majesty granted petitioners letters of reprisal, to set forth two 
ships and one pinnace, for reparation of their losses suffered by the 
piratical acts of certain Dutchmen of Rotterdam. Petitioners have 
set to sea one ship and one pinnace, and have prepared another 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 231 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVn. 

ship now ready to put to sea, but which is stayed by your Majesty's 
pleasure, signified by Sec. Coke to the Judge of the Admiralty. 
Pray your Majesty to consider the great distress your subjects are 
brought to by the piracy of the Dutch, which is much increased by 
seven years' prosecution, and that they are at 450Z. a month charge 
for the ship now stayed. It would be the utter ruin, of petitioners 
and their iriends if their grant were suspended. [^Perhaps presented 
in March 1638; See Vol. cccxci., No. 1. Hp.] 

35. Petition of John Starkas and "William "Wright, two poor aged 
men of Latton, in Essex, to the Council, In 1637, upon war- 
rant of Sir John Lucas, sheriff, for levying 12>l. 17s. 6(2. allotted 
towards the ship-money, petitioner Starkas being churchwarden, 
with other the inhabitants, made a rate by land taxing owners at 
4c?. and farmers at 2(i. the acre. John Chaffont, Samuel Champ- 
neys, and others of the inhabitants made a rate after ability, but 
Sir John Lucas allowed the rate by land, and directed his warrant 
to collect the same. Howbeit Chaffont and Champneys prevailed 
with Sir John to allow a third rate according to ability, and" them- 
selves to be named collectors. Petitioners offered to pay their tax 
according to land rate after 4(i. the acre, but Chaffont and Champ- 
neys refused to accept thfe same, distrained their goods, sold them at 
under values, kept the surplus, complained of them to the Lords, 
and caused their commitment. Pray reference to Sir Humphry 
Mildmay, the precedent sheriff. Sir "William Luckin, the subsequent 
sheriff, or Sir Thomas Barrington and Sir "Wilham Marsham, or 
Anthony Luther and Edward Palmer, to examine the premises. 
{Endorsed. " Denied." 1 j3.] 

36. Petition of George "Walker, clerk, to the King. Petitioner 
being much weakened with imprisonment for a year past is now 
much cast down by slanderous reports, that he has in a sermon 
dishonoured his Majesty and the Queen by resembling them to some 
persons infamous in the Scriptures for wickedness, whom, out of 
fear, reverence, and loyalty, he thinks not fit to be named, and that 
he has preached against the ship-money, and encouraged his hearers 
to stand out against it, with other seditious passages, from all which 
he knows himself to be most innocent, as his hearers wHl fully 
acquit him, as also divers persons whom he has by reasons 
grounded on God's word laboured to convince that they ought to 
pay the ship-money being demanded. Prays liberty to purge him- 
self of all such crimes, the aspersion of which is more grievous to 
him than his imprisonment, and that he may freely prosecute such 
persons as have done dishonour to your Majesties by such slanderous 
reports, and have utterly undone petitioner, [f p!\ 

37. Memorandum for Sir John Lambe, to put Archbishop Laud in 
mind that the Doctors' Commons house is assessed by the Lord 
Mayor at 101. towards the shipping whereas the Doctors themselves 
are all assessed at the places where they dwell, and the two Ser- 



232 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 

geants' Inns, the Four Inns of Court, the Inns of Chancery, the 
Heralds' House, and the like, are not assessed at all, nor any of the 
City Halls. [= i p.] 

38. Petition of the Corporation of Plympton Earls, Devon, to the 
Council. S5l. has been heretofore assessed on the said borough for 
ship-money, to which petitioners are most willing to contribute in 
due proportion. The whole borough does not exceed 100 acres of 
land, the inheritance of divers gentlemen inhabiting abroad in the 
country, the inhabitants being tradesmen, and under-tenants at great 
rents, and so to be rated as occupants, yet have they for two years 
past, made payment of the greater sums, as being unwilling to 
hinder the service but being very poor men, and charged with a 
great sum of 24<l. 2s. 2|cZ. per annum to the lords of the borough, 
they find the proportion of the rate very unequal, compared with 
other towns. Pray that the 35L may be added to the sum set upon 
the whole hundred, and they be rated accordingly. [1 p.J 

39. Petition of the inhabitants of the western parts of the hundred 
of Catsash, Somerset, to the same. In all payments their hundred is 
divided into two parts, the eastern and the western. The western 
part has long been aggrieved by being rated equally with the eastern 
part, which is far before it in value. Petitianers have, for quietness 
sake, undergone the burden, till of late they were not able longer to 
endure it, and petitioned the sessions for relief, which being referred 
to Sir Henry Berkeley, Dr. Goodwin, James Farewell, and Thomas 
Light, justices of peace, the two first-named certified at the last 
sessions at Wells where it was ordered that thereafter all payments 
should be made according to the said certificate. Petitioners have 
acquainted the present sheriff with the said proceedings, yet he has 
granted his warrant for collecting this present ship-money after the 
old rates. Pray the Lords to confirm the order of sessions. [_Enr 
dorsed a 'memorandwrn of Sir William Becker that the Lord Keeper 
had directed the papers to be sent to him,. 1 _p.] 

40. Petition of Thomas Pitt, bailiff of Blandford-Forum, Dorset, 
to the same. Petitioner has received directions from the Lords 
eitJier to pay in 25Z. arrear of ship-money for 1636, or to attend the 
Board the first day of Easter Term next. Prays that the said arrear 
may be required of William Strechley, the then bailiff. [^ ^.] 

41. Pettion of Edmond Brunsdon, one of the bailiffs of Wilts, for 
levying ship-money, to the same. Being charged by Sir Nevill 
Poole and Sir Edward Baynton, late sheriffs, and John Grubb, now 
sheriff, to collect several sums for ship-money, amongst others 
of Edmond Hungerford three sums, amounting to 151. 19s. 3d., 
Hungerford's answer Avas that he had no money ; but, as soon as 
petitioner had taken a distress, Hungerford came to him, and charged 
him with felony and burglary, and charged the constable to have 
petitioner before Sir Francis Seymour the next morning ; and 
Hungerford, with divers others, in most violent manner rescued the 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 233 



[-1638?] Vol. CCCCVII. 

distress, being three or four horses. [Underwritten are the names of 
John PyJce und Stephen Talbot as present at the rescue. 1 p.] 

42. Petition of Justices of Peace and others, for themselves and 
the inhabitants of co. Hereford, to the Council. This county for two 
years past has been visited " with the grievous contagion of the 
plague of pestilence," which yet continues, whereby great taxations 
are made for relief of the inhabitants in places affected, and the 
Lent corn and fruit this year generally failing, whereby famine creeps 
upon them, and the plague in Worcester stops commerce for the sale 
of their wool ; pray the Lords to make this grievous state known 
to his Majesty. Petitioners implore that their present taxation of 
ship-money may be forborne or moderated. In the borough of 
Ross alone there are dead 100, and decayed 100 famihes who paid 
to the ship-money. [Signed by Bishop Coke, Sir Robert Uarley, 
a,nd, in all 17 of the jjrincipal persons of the county . 1 pi\ 

43. Petition of the yeomen and ancient inhabitants of Enfield, 
Middlesex, to the same. Willingly, and in an equal way, they cessed 
themselves and others for the ship-money, and returned the same 
to the present slieriffs, who in a private way altered the same 
cessment, easing the ablest, and lajdng the greatest burdens upon 
petitioners, who for the most part live upon rackrents, which they 
conceive to be contrary to the intention of the warrant of the Lords. 
Pray that their cessment, which they will justify to be equal and 
honest, may stand, and that " futurely," so long as they are not 
partial nor refractory, they may enjoy the privilege to cess amongst 
themselves, and not to be cessed by those who know them not. 

44. Petition of Thomas Walter and John Elkin, collectors for ship- 
money at Harrow-on-the-Hill, to the same. Have often demanded 
the assessments of ship-money of the parties refractory, but could 
not receive it ; upon which they complained to Mr. Atkins, the 
sheriff, who promised to send bailiffs to distrain, but they never 
came, so petitioners conceive the bailiffs have unjustly complained 
of them to the sheriff. Pray to be discharged out of the messenger's 
custody, [i ^.] 

45. Petition of Matthew Stevenson and Roger Reynolds, chief 
constables of the hundred of Blofield, Norfolk, to the Council. Pe- 
titioners last term made known to the Lords the miserable poverty 
of many poor people who were assessed to pay ship-money, where- 
upon an order was made that their petition should be showed to 
Mr. Buxton, the then sheriff. He could not deny the same, but 
said, " for all this I shall make you know I am a man of worth 
and wisdom, and have many good friends at court, and make no 
doubt but I shall so far prevail with the Archbishop of Canterbury 
as to lay you fast by the heels, where, for anything I know, you shall 
lie alJ the days of your life, and these are but so many pricks in my 
side to make me use my best wits to accomplish the same, saying 



234 DOMESTIC — CHARLES 1 

[1C38 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIl. 



also, that he would make petitioners an example to aU chief con- 
stables in England." Mr. Buxton gave petitioners six weeks to get 
up the money ; yet 14 days before that time he procured a messenger 
to be sent for them in harvest time, and after they had got up 110?. 
he procured another messenger to be sent for them, so that they 
have been constrained to spend of their own estates 1001. within this 
12 months, and if they should be enjoined to pay the l8l. which is 
in arrear they are utterly undone. Petitioners crave time for what 
the Lords shall order them to pay, Reynolds being sick of an ague, 
and so disabled from collecting the new ship-moneys by the 14th inst., 
according to the sherifif's warrant, and that petitioner Stevenson may 
be released out of prison, [f p.l 

46. Petition of Thomas Robins, yeoman, to the Council. Petitioner 
holds many grounds in Barby, co. Northampton, for which he has 
always paid ship-money, but there is one ground on which he 
has recently entered for which it seems 12s. is in arrear, the which 
was never demanded of petitioner. Petitioner's shepherd, being an 
ignorant man, when the oiScers came to distrain, desired that the 
cattle might be stayed till he spoke with petitioner. Petitioner and 
his shepherd being sent for by warrant for their contempts, petitioner 
is willing to pay all arrears, and prays they may be discharged. 

47. Petition of the poor inhabitants of Newark-upon-Trent to 
the same. Their town being incorporated is taxed at 45Z. towards 
the ship-money, which sum the sheriff of co. Nottingham intends to 
lay upon the town, not having power to mitigate the same. Set 
forth their inability to pay the amount, and pray direction to the 
sheriff or any other thought fit to examine the truth of the infor- 
mation they give respecting their poverty, and that after such ex- 
amination the sheriff may lay a moderate and equal tax upon them. 
[1^.] 

48. Petition of John Wight, late Mayor of Brackley, co. North- 
ampton, to the same. Petitioner was mayor of Brackley for 1637, 
when the town was charged with 50Z. ship-money, of which he 
could not get above the half. The Lords having written to him in 
January last to pay the said 501. before the first of March following, 
he has paid in 23^ odd, and since, by extraordinary industry, has 
levied 4Z. 9s. more, the rest denying to pay the moneys they are 
assessed at. Prays to be discharged of the said service, or that he 
may be furnished with further power for levying the residue of the 
501. [liJ.l 

49. Petition of William Scudamore, late Sheriff of co. Hereford, 
to the same. By the Lords' letters of the 30th November last, 
directed to the present sheriff, and to petitioner as sheriff for 1635, 
S4il. 3s. 5d. is required of petitioner as an arrear of ship-money. 
His Majesty's writ for that year was dated 12th August, and was 
delivered to petitioner the 21st. Ten months of petitioner's shrievalty 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 235 



[16S8?1 VoL.CCCCVII. 

were expended in subdividing and assessing the amount before he 
could enter upon 'the levy. During the short time then remaining 
of his shrievalty he levied 3,564?; 10s. ll^d., which he paid to the 
Eeceiver of the Navy ; the remainder unlevied being 175 J. 9s. O^d., 
with a memorial thereof, and 20s. in money, with the writ and in- 
structions, were by the Lords' command of the 28th April 1636 de- 
livered over to his successor, with letters from the Lords for levying 
the arrears. He has received divers sums, but how much or what 
persons are now behind petitioner knows not. Since that time 
petitioner has undergone some troubles by default of his successor, 
but was freed thereof by order of the Lords of 14th May 1637. 
Prays that his successor, the sheriflFfor 1636, may finish this business 
according to the Lords' command, and that petitioner may be dis- 
charged. [I p.] 

50. Petition of John Barnard, of Caistor, co. Lincoln, prisoner in 
the Fleet, to the Council. Petitioner stands committed for words 
whereof he was accused] concerning three shillings, parcel of eight 
shillings, assessed upon him for ship-money, of which he willingly 
paid five shillings, and did not refuse the other three shillings but in 
regard of the disproportion of the assessment. Expresses contrition, 
and prays to be enlarged, being ready to pay the three shillings. 

51. Order of Council in the business in difference between the 
hundreds of Bath-Forum and WeUow, Somerset, in the matter of 
rates for ship-money. Recites report of Lord Chief Justice Finch, 
approves what he had done, and orders that the rate set upon the 
hundred of Bath-Forum by the sheriff' shall stand. [Draft, with 
blank left for the Lord Chief Justice's report. 1 p."] 

52. The Council to George Fouch, Messenger of the Chamber, and 
William Dove, to repair to the house of John Bai'nard, late under- 
sheriff' of CO. Lincoln, and require him to pay into the Exchequer 
200?., by him levied upon the tenants of certain marshes in Gedney 
and Sutton, as ordered by the Court of Exchequer on 12th February 
last, and if he neglect to make present payment to take him into 
custody, that so with you he may remain until he make such pay- 
ment. [Copy. 1 p-l 

53. Petition of Sir WiUiam Lewis to the King. By my oath as 
sheriflF for co. Brecon I am bound to a residence there for the time 
of my office, but having many occasions to repair this year to 
London, Hampshire, and other parts, my petition is, that I, waiting 
on the judges at the assizes there, and doing all other duties of my 
office by myself or my deputy, may be licensed to repair to the 
places before mentioned. [| p.} Annexed, 

53. I. Statement of the reasons of the preceding petition. At 
his Majesty's making me sheriff I was resident in Hampshire, 
100 miles distant from co. Brecon, amd did not receive my 
commission till the last day of December, a time of yea/r 



236 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 



that allowed neither the possibility to remove my fam,ily 
thither nor provision for any entertai/rtment to continue 
there the whole year, the mere entertavniment of the judges 
twice in the year for eight days at each time putting me to 
a great straight. [| p.^ 

54. Certificate by Pentecost Doddridge, Mayor of Barnstaple, of 
defaulters to the ship-money. Total amount of the tax 150?. ; col- 
lected 1381. 8s. ; unpaid 111. 12s. [1 p.} 

55. Certificate by Samuel Foye, constable, of the names of the 
principal refusers to pay ship-money in the hundred of Horethorne, 
Somerset. [1 p.1 

56. Note of the way in which 424?. ship-money assessed on co. 
Denbigh was charged in 1638 on the several boroughs and hundreds. 

57. Notes on the question whether Yarnfield and Gasper, in the 
tithing and hundred of Norton-Ferri.s, Somerset, should be assessed 
for the ship-money with Maiden Bradley, in Somerset, or with the 
hundred of Mere, in Wilts ; with answers to objections made re- 
specting the conduct of Sir Henry Ludlow. [2f pp.] 

58. Petition of the Company of Gunmakers to the Council of War. 
According to order, petitioners have delivered into the Tower 2,1] 4 
muskets ready finished, and have marked for a second proof 2,500. 
Petitioners have received warrant from the Earl of Newport for 
receiving their moneys by debenture in the master and wardens' 
names as the cutlers and armourers do, but it is refused to make 
one debenture for all, and they would charge petitioners to 
make several debentures for above 20 persons, on all which pe- 
titioners shall have to pay poundage. Pray that some other course 
may be taken for satisfaction of petitioners, [f p.] 

59. Petition of Thomas Stevens, master workman of the Armoury 
at Greenwich, to the same. Is informed that there is a supply of 
armour to be made, for furnishing his Majesty's magazine in the 
Tower. Petitioner, being his Majesty's sworn servant, and trained 
in that art, is fitter to be employed in that service than strangers. 
Prays that he may be employed, he making the same as good, and 
affording them at as reasonable ra.tes as any other, and that if any 
armour be served by any others that he may have the viewing 
thereof. [1 p.] 

60. Petition of Benjamin Stone, blade-maker to the Office of the 
Ordnance, to the Council. Petitioner has for long time employed 
himself in making sword blades in England for his Majesty's service, 
and has perfected the manufticture thereof by Englishmen as well as 
others, and has now great store of swords upon his hands, being 
hindered from delivery thereof by the great number of bad blades 
delivered into the Tower by Capt. Legge and the Company of Cutlers 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 237 



[IQSsq Vol. CCCCVII. 

and others. Although you ordered that these blades should be re- 
surveyed by the Lieutenant of the Tower and Officers of the Ordnance, 
the cutlers have hindered the same, whereas petitioner's blades have 
been at all times thoroughly tried. Prays that the said order may 
be put in execution, and that the Officers of the Ordnance may 
leport bow they find petitioner's blades to prove on trial, also that 
3,000 blades now lying on his hands ready fitted up may be received 
and paid for, [| p.J 

6L Petition of Benjamin Stone, styling himself Cutler for the Office 
of the Ordnance, to the Council of War. Petitioner having expended 
all his estate, viz., 8,000Z. in the manufacture of blades, and having 
brought the same to perfection, his Majesty gave order to the Earl 
of Newport, Master of the Ordnance, to admit petitioner as cutler 
for furnishing his Majesty's stores. He has always furnished the 
stores with far better swords tlian ever were brought in by any, 
and has at present given security to deliver 1,000 swords per month 
so long as his Majesty shall have occasion. Prays warrant to have 
the making of all such swords as liis Majesty shall have occasion to 
use, and that the cutlers of London shall not molest petitioner. 
\Underwntten by Nicholas, " The petitioner is to malce as onany 
swords as he can, and they shall be all taken off if they be sei^ice- 
able and goodV 1 p.] 

62. Petition of the same to the same. Similar to the preceding 
petition, with the addition in the prayer that he may have power 
to hinder the striking of Spanish and other marks upon blades 
made by the workmen of the cutlers of London, [f pl\ 

63. Petition of Leonard Pinckney to the Commissioners for Salt- 
petre. Petitioner, having been employed above a year for making 
saltpetre, has laid out above 1 ,000Z., which service should have been 
performed by David Stevenson, who was joined in commission with 
petitioner, but Stevenson's carelessness has been such that petitioner 
is like to be a loser this year above 200L, without your wonted 
favour. Prays a deputation to himself alone, or to Oswold 
Pinckney his brother, who will repay petitioner the money disbursed, 
and give security for performance of the service. [^ ^.] 

64. Suggestions for better keeping the accounts of the Office of 
Ordnance. No account of the stores has been exhibited there 40 
years last past, so that it is not possible to make a just charge of the 
provisions that ought to be found in his Majesty's magazine. The 
keeper of the stores is unable to make satisfaction for the 
defects, but some others who upon examinination will be found more 
culpable than he, may be compelled to render the estates they have 
purchased by embezzling his Majesty's moneys and robbing his 
magazine. \\\ ^.] 

65. Account of a proportion of ordnance stores to be provided, 
perhaps for Carlisle or some other place in the north of England, also 
60 soldiers, or as many more as without discovery of the design can 



238 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 



be got, and amongst them 6 or 8 gunners, " voysete " to be for 
Ireland, under the command of Capt. George Bagg, and to be 
transported in one of his Majesty's lesser ships, or a ship taken up 
at Plymouth. [1| p.] 

66. Return by Dep. Lieutenants of defaulters in payment of the 
tax towards providing supplies for tlie magazine for Sussex ; five 
persons are named, among them, Sir Thomas Springate ; the total 
amount of the tax unpaid is 8s. Sd. [| p.^ 

67. Brief collection out of quarter-books and accounts of the 
Office of Ordnance of travelling charges and other expenses allowed 
to Lieutenants of the Ordnance, and others of that office, from 1557 
to the present year. [Endorsed by Nicholas, " Sir John Heydon, 
Lieutenant General of the Ordnance." [2^ pp.] 

68. Certificate of the number of pistols and carabines that can 
be made monthly by 14 master workmen, with the prices. \Endor8ed. 
" Wallis's proposition." | p.] 

69. Suggestion that Henry Johnson, Clerk of the Ordnance, should 
be captain of the Peter Bonaventure, a ship that carries munition 
for which the Master of the Ordnance stands accountable, [f p."] 

70. Observations by Sir Sackville Crow on a grant for making and 
[ transporting iron ordnance, about to be made to John Browne, the 

iron-founder. Sir SackviUe narrates the history of his own grants 
in connection with iron ordnance, and that of the several previous 
grants obtained by Burlamachi and Browne, and states a variety of 
objections to the grant now under consideration. [6 J pp.^ 

71. Petition of Alexander Leviston, equerry in ordinary to the 
Queen, to the King. There is a practice lately invented to make 
silk stockings in a loom, which is far sooner done, but nothing so 
good as those knit with needles, and therefore ought to be sold at 
far lower prices. An officer should be appointed to view, search, and 
mark or seal all silk stockings, half-stockings, and silk waist- 
coats, and to set a mark upon the woven, and another different on 
the knit, and such as are deceitfully made or dyed may be for- 
feited to the King. Prays a grant for 31 years of the office of 
searcher, and that the salesman may pay a fee to petitioner, of Is. for 
every waistcoat, 6d. for eveiy pair of silk stockings, and id. for 
every half pair, [| p.] 

72. Petition of Captain Thomas King, your Majesty's servant, to 
the King. Petitioner brought a ship of 300 tons from Barbary 
hither, having aboard 350 quarters of wheat and barley, besides 120 
tons of ballast. Some bakers of London have informed the Lord Mayor 
that there was a greater quantity of corn in the ship than is, and 
which petitioner intended for Bordeaux, but that his company brought 
the ship into the Thames. The Lord Mayor has used means to the 
Lord Treasurer to make stay of the ship, which to your petitioner 
is an utter undoing, the charge of his company'a wages and victual 
being 180^. per month. Prays that the ship may be' suffered to 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 239 



[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 

proceed upon her voyage for the rehef of the distressed people of 
that nation, intending to return wines from thence to London, or 
that the Lord Mayor may pay petitioner the price of the corn as he 
bought it in Barbary ,and the freight of the ship. [J p.] 

73. Petition, stated in the endorsement to be that of " Mr. Bray " 
to the King. Upon certificate of the Judges, it was decreed in the 
Star Chamber that no baker should sell bread at other rates than 
12 or 13 loaves for the dozen, intending thereby reformation, and to 
take away that oppression which the poorer subjects sustained by 
the fraudulent practices of dishonest retailers, who increase the 
number but diminish the weight of the loaves, so that the wjiole 
makes up but the full weight of a true dozen, whilst the retailer 
vends every loaf as of the just assize at 12^ to the dozen. Albeit your 
Majesty confirmed the decree of the Star Chamber, and commanded 
the same to be obeyed, yet divers persons contemptuously transgress 
the same. Petitioner offers his service herein, and if it be thought 
necessary to put the decree in execution for what is past, prosecutors 
and commissioners for enquiry and grace should be appointed. 

74. Petition of the Company of Vintners of London to the same. 
The Council, by decree in the Star Chamber, has prohibited aU 
manner of victuaUing in taverns, which general and sudden restraint 
is likely to ruin many families. Prays some mitigation of the 
decree, and that petitioners may victual in a moderate manner, 
with such cautions and restrictions as shall be thought meet. 

75. Petition of Edward Hawkins and George Lasselles to the 
same. Petitioners, by a former petition, showed youi- Majesty what 
liberty the innholders, taverners, cooks, ordinary table keepers, 
butchers, alehousekeepers, and other victuallers take upon them- 
selves, in the " inordinate " of Lent and other days forbidden by 
law by strict proclamations. Petitioners also in their said former 
petition in treated your Majesty to authorise them to call all such 
persons yearly before Lent to enter into recognisances not to kill, 
dress, or eat any flesh during Lent, nor on other days prohibited, 
petitioners receiving the accustomed fee for taking the said recog- 
nisances. Upon reference to certain of the Council, the referees 
directed the Attorney-General to draw up a proclamation to such 
purpose. Pray Letters Patent authorising them to take such 
recognisances. [1| p.] 

76. A brief declaration of the great profit which will accrue to the 
commonwealth by having his Majesty's pleasure expressed in his 
proclamations for the observance of Lent and Fasting Days strictly 
looked into, and officers to be appointed to be sworn for due execution 
of that service, and an office to be erected in which all recognisances 
taken in that behalf may be safely kept. The advantages to ensue 
upon carrying out this project are explained in seven articles. 
[Spp.] 



240 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 



77. Petition of Sir Popham Southcote, his Majesty's servant, to 
the King. Your Majesty granted to petitioner the farm of the 
duty for hard soap made in the western parts, the profits whereof 
he has advanced 8001. per annum. He has taken forth a commission 
directed to gentlemen of best quality in those parts for regulating 
that trade to your Majesty's most advantage, and the contentment 
of your subjects, and has executed that commission among the most 
part of those hard soapmakers, who have become bound for payment 
of the duty to petitioner ; but Mr. Ball, who was an agent for Mr. 
Sainthill, who a long time opposed this advancement of rent, 
finding his ends crossed, has stirred up certain soapmakers of Exeter 
to cross petitioner's grant by malicious suggestions, saying it will 
spoil their trade, whereas they themselves aim at a monopoly. Prays 
that he may quietly enjoy his grant, and that the disturbers may 
receive condign punishment. [1 p.J 

78. Petition of Anthony Wither, your Majesty's Commissioner for 
reformation of clothing, to the King. Petitioner was some years 
since drawn from his ordinary trade by the entreaties of the Company 
of Merchants Adventurers to undertake a most difficult service, which 
being for the honour of your Majesty and the State, he was induced 
to undertake, thoiigh it was conceived it would be with peril of his 
life, and now the company are like by his endeavours to save 1 0,000L 
a year, which they have paid yearly for faults found in the 
white cloth sold in that half of their trade which is in Holland, and 
to secure " a far more sum " which they are daily in danger to pay 
in the other half of their trade which is in Hamburgh. By your 
Majesty's commission petitioner is to take no benefit by the 
penalties of any laws, nor any other ways to advantage himself, but 
to expect his reward from the King or the Merchant Adventurers, 
which merchants have for the first two years only given him reason- 
able satisfaction, and subsequently have yearly lessened his payments, 
and now have thrust him out of his place by electing another 
thereunto, and that only because your suppliant required his 
payment; the company refusing to give him for his travel so much 
money as it has cost him out of his own estate. Petitioner is 
greatly grieved in being suddenly put from all course of living, which 
is to him much more prejudicial than all benefits he has received in 
these five years can recompense. Petitioner is informed that the 
plurality of hands in their court was in his favour, but others 
thought otherwise and it was divers times put, until they obtained 
his dismissal. The great traders in white cloths gave their utmost 
endeavours for his continuance, and no fault was found with him, 
but that other men offer to do it better cheap. Prays his Majesty 
to recommend the hearing of his cause to the Council, that not being 
found faulty he may be continued in the sei"vice, upon such payment 
and conditions as shall be ordained. [1 p.J 

79. Petition of Peter Le Noble, John de I'Espine, Samuel Dubois, 
Michael Clarke, John Perkin, and Peter Lekeux, in behalf of the 
strangers, manufacturers of stuffs at Canterbury, to the King. In 



DOMESTIC — CHAIiLES I. 241 



r|(338?] Vol. CCCCVII. 

the patent lately granted to the company of weavers in London, 
petitioners are tied to pay for duties a third part more than the 
company, and that for " two descents," which is so doubtfully ex- 
pressed that petitioners know not whether father and son only, or 
father, son, and grandchild be concerned therein ; the grandchild 
being by the law and by the injunction of the Archbishop of 
Canterbury to be in all respects taken for native English. As 
petitioners and their forefathers brought into this kingdom the 
invention of these manufactures, by which many of your subjects 
have employment, and are at continiial great charge in carrying 
their stuffs to and from London, and for that your Majesty has 
custom on the materials of those manufactures, and that all strangers 
importing commodities by which your subjects have no employ- 
ment pay but a fourth part more custom than the Englisli, peti- 
tioners pray that they may pay for the new rate in the corpora- 
tion of weavers the like proportion as strangers pay in, the 
Custom House, viz., a fourth part more than the English, for father 
and son only. [^ p.l 

80. Petition of divers Baymakers of Coggeshall, Essex, creditors 
of John de la Barre, merchant, to the Council. De la Barre owing 
them 1,700^., and being protected by his Majesty, so conveyed away 
his estate as no part could be found, except 2,300?. due from his Ma- 
jesty, and bills due out of the office of the navy. His Majestj' 
gave leave for order to be taken for petitioners' satisfaction, they 
being willing to accept half their debts, and your Lordships in May 
1637 ordered de la Barre to assign 850?. of the moneys due to him, 
whereof petitioners have received 253L, leaving 541?., which the 
Lord Treasurer says, being for freight of ships, victualling, and men's 
wages since the voyage for relief of Eochelle, he cannot appoint 
payment. Petitioners conceive that it was his Majesty's pleasure 
and yours that they should be paid the moiety of their debts out of 
the moneys in general due from his Majesty to de la Barre, and there- 
fore, though the Privy Seal of 1,500?. be assigned to other creditors 
of de la Barre, they hope that if payment be deferred of any, it will 
rather be of those to whom the Privy Seal is assigned, for that they 
are better able to forbear their moneys than petitioners, who lose 
900?. by de la Barre when these bills are'paid. Pray payment of the 
541?., bj'' which means their undoing and the ruin of many thou- 
sands depending upon them will be prevented. [1 p.j 

81. Petition of divers of your Majesty's Merchants in London 
ti'ading in woollen commodities to the King. The wools of this 
kingdom being the main staple afford excellent manufactures very 
useful to all. These manufactures have been of late years so falsified 
by the makers, one striving to undersell another, that their abuses 
being daily discovered, they come to an ill market at liome and 
abroad. Pray a reference to a committee of the Council or others 
to hear petitioners and report the truth, that a prudent government 
may be established for well ordering of these commodities. [1 p.] 

13. Q 



242 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1 

[16381] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 



82. Petition of Sir Kalph Blackstone and John Spencer, of London, 
mercer, to the King. Saffron is only useful for its colour or tincture, 
much of which is lost in drawing it out. Petitioners have found 
out a way to improve saffron to its greatest advantage, so that 
ten ounces shall go as far and yield as much tincture as 1 6 ounces in 
the leaf or "shyve." Pray a patent of privilege for 14 years for 
the sole making up into their form of all such saffron or other 
vegetables as shall be spent in all your Majesty's dominions. 
Petitioners will pay to the King one-third part of all the gains. 
\_Endorsed : " Lord Herbert. To be referred to the physicians." •§ p.] 
Annexed, 

82. I. Explanation of the advantages of the new process for ex- 
traction of the colour from saffron and other vegetable 
substances. [1 p."] 

82. II. A conjectural "supputation " of what saffron may be spent 

in all his Majesty's dominions during one year. Say 
there be one million households and that every house spend 
three halfpence in saffrmi, that would produce 6,250Z., 
which would require 3,125 lbs. of saffron. The gain upon 
every pound being 15s., would amount to 2,3i3l. 15s. 
[^Written upon the same paper as the preceding. ^ p.'] 

83. Petition of the Corporation of Saltraakers of South and North 
Shields to the same. Pray an order of Council for suppressing the 
melting of foreign salt within the limits of their patent ; also that 
the Attorney-General may have a warrant for renewing their contract 
with certain clauses herein specified, principally affecting the importa- 
tion of 8,OU0 weys allowed to the Scots. They also pray that Sir 
William Bellasis, the present governor of the corporation and sheriff 
of Durham, may be a justice of peace there, notwithstanding any 
statutes to the contrary. [1 p.] 

84. Robert Smith and Leonard Stockdale, relators in the Star 
Chamber against the Company of Starchmakers, defendants, to the 
same. Remonstrance concerning their proceedings in his Majesty's 
service in the starch business. They set forth the past abuses of 
the starchmakers by which they contrived to avoid the payment of 
the 3,000?. per annum contracted to be paid to the King. Propose 
a new arrangement, whereby the petitioners being appointed sole 
starchmakers, the importation of foreign starch strictly prohibited 
and certain prices fixed by proclamation, 81. per ton might be paid 
to the King. [lif>.] 

85. Petition of Robert Smith, Leonard Stockdale, Thomas Peterson, 
Hugh Cuer, Nathaniel Fox, and Richard Moore, on behalf of them- 
selves and fifty other starchmakers, freemen of that company, to the 
same. Since the great abuses crept into that trade were discovered 
by the relators and petitioners Smith and Stockdale, and their 
offer of improvement of your Majesty's profits therein from 2uO?. to 
3,000Z. per annum, some few of other great trades being for money 
admitted into the company, contrary to the King's proclamation, 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 243 



[1638 ?] 



voi,. ccccvn. 

have circumvented the petitioners by offering a small addition of 
benefit to your Majesty in the first two years above the prior pro- 
position, and thereupon procured a warrant to the Attorney-General 
for a new charter, wherein they refuse to nominate any of the peti- 
tioners, purposely to engross the whole trade into their own hands. 
Petitionei's are ready to give security (better than is now offered) 
for an improvement to your Majesty of 500^. per annum above the 
last pro])osition, which will be in all 3,5001. per annum, and like- 
wise to increase the 50?. for seven years offered towards repair of 
Paul's to lOOi. per annum, and will observe the prices in the said 
warrant limited. Your Majesty having referred these matters to 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Keeper, the Lord Treasurer, 
and Lord Cottington, petitioners pray reference of the present 
proposition to the same referees, [f p.^ 

86. Petition of Kichard Delamain, his Majesty's servant, to the 
King. Your Majesty commanded petitioner to make up sundry new 
instruments in silver for your particular use ; one invented by your 
Majesty about the time of the launching of the Sovereign, another 
a new dial for your bedchamber, invented by petitioner and pre- 
sented to you at Greenwich last summer, and another a universal 
instrument called a Helicon, studied by petitioner for your Majesty's 
vise in time of progress and presented bj' him to you at Bagshot, all 
which have since been fitted by petitioner in the mouldings and 
framing in metal for their making up in silver ; but for that the 
mass of silver for these instruments is greater than petitioner has 
ability to buy, he prays warrant to the Lord Treasurer or the 
Master of the Jewels that 36 lbs. of silver may be delivered to 
him for that service. Petitioner vdll see it employed at your Ma- 
jesty's house at the Minories, at Sir John Heydon's. [f p.} 

87. Petition of John Ward, of London, merchant, prisoner in the 
King's Bench, to the same. Has used the trade of a merchant for 
30 years, during which time he has paid for customs above 5001. 
yearly, and for freight of ships about 2,000Z. a year ; but by reason 
of losses and the advantage taken of him in his imprisonment by 
unscrupulous persons, he is not able to give present satisfaction to 
his creditors, his estate lying abroad in most parts of Christendom. 
Prays reference to some Lords of the Council or other fit persons to 
compose the differences or to certify your Majesty of the state 
thereof [f p.] 

88. Petition of Peirce Creagh, merchant, to the same. Two years 
past, petitioner being bound from Spain for Limerick with Spanish 
commodities to the value of 1,500?., his ship was taken by the 
Turks, and he remained in slavery until ransomed by Sir William 
Courteen for 160?. Has paid some part of the 160?. to the assignee 
of Sir William, but is not able to pay any more, having lost his 
whole estate, yet he is, cootinually troubled by the assignee for the 
remainder. Pravs some relief, or employment here or in Ireland 

89. Petition of Peter Marolois, Arnold Beake, and others, of 
London, merchants, to the same. Petitioners set forth the St. George 



244 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I, 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 



of London, in July last to Cadiz, and from thence to the Canaries, 
where she took on board 424 pipes of .wine, and in her return home- 
wards about 1 1th December by distress of weather was stranded upon 
the coast of Picardy, "near the town of Berque [Bercq], which is 
under the government of the Duke del Bceuf, or in his absence of Mons. 
de Mouille." Much of the ship's furniture and great part of the wines 
were saved, but Mons. de Mouille refuses to rate the salvage. Pray 
letters to the Duke that the goods may be restored to petitioners, 
they paying salvage. [1 p.] 

90. Petition of Casparus CardhafFe,' prisoner in the Tower, to the 
Kino-. Petitioner having learned liis late master's art of' making 
pieces was charged by him with a design to pass beyond sea to 
reveal the same to some foreign prince, and also that he had behaved 
contemptuously towards him, whereas petitioner never had such in- 
tention. Was committed prisoner to a messenger for seven weeks, 
and then discharged upon putting in a bond of oOOl. with sureties 
not to depart the realm without licence, since which he has betm 
committed to the Towei" these 26 weeks, without allowance of diet 
or maintenance, being like to perish, though he knows himself guilty 
of no offence, but only his skilfulness in his trade. In respect he is 
an alien, destitute both of friends and means, prays to be freed 
from his imprisonment upon his former security, with some allowance 
for his time and diet since his imprisonment, and restitution of his 
tools and patterns, with liberty to use his trade. [^Endorsed by Sec. 
Windebank as "Dutchman's petition." % p.^ 

91. Petition of John Tilier to the same. Petitioner being a 
stranger has traded in wines, jjaying double duties, and has within 
nine months imported great quantities of French wines, which for 
the most part he sold to the wine coopers of London. They being 
now debarred from b.uying wine the trade is wholly in the government 
of the company of vintners. They have undertaken to take off such 
wines as remain in the wine coopers' hands, and petitioner has 
offered them all his wines, being about 130 tons, and such as they 
shall refuse he will dispose of to the hot-water men, but the vintners 
refuse to meddle with his wines. Prays order to them to take peti- 
tioner's wines. [| p.^ 

92. Petition of sundry Merchants, strangers residing in the city of 
London, to the Council. Several small quantities of French wines 
have been brought over in Dutch vessels from Holland and Zealand 
which were licensed to be landed and sold, but it M'as ordered that 
the money arising therefrom should be deposited with the farmers of 
the customs till further orders. The wines belonging to none but 
those of Holland and Zealand, petitioners pray to be discharged 
from depositing their moneys, and that hereafter wines belonging to 
subjects of Holland and Zealand may be landed and disposed of as 
the Lords allow to the English. [| p.] 

93. List of six wine merchants who refuse to pay the imposition 
of 20s. per ton upon French and Spanish wines. The largest im- 
porter was "Marmaduke Roydon, 137 tons." [^ p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 245 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 

94. Petition of John Bedoll, merchant, to the Council. Your 
Lordships, on ISth December last, ordered that the persons charged 
in the " leviation " by the commissioners for payment of debts owing 
by the Muscovy Company should make payment according to the 
leviation or stand committed, unless wrongfully charged. This 
order has since been confirmed on 3rd present, wherein petitioner, 
with three others, were committed to the Fleet. Shows that he has 
been wrongfully charged, as by a certificate, stated to be annexed, 
appears. These debts are grown by the trading company but since 
petitioner gave over that trade, which was eight years since. [1 p.] 

95. Petition of the Glovers of London, being above 400 house- 
keepers and above 3,000 workers, to the same. By order of 10th 
April his Majesty granted petitioners a corporation, but the order is 
drawn in such an obscure way that they cannot yet make use of it, 
no place being named where the corporation shall be laid, only it is 
said they shall be incorporated for three miles about London. In all 
other cities and many corporate towns there are' companies of glovers 
incorporate, but none now in London, whereby the abuses in their 
trade are grown more incorrigible than ever. Pray the Lords to 
take pity on this so much admired manufacture abroad and too 
much neglected at home, [f p.] 

96. Abstract of a petition attributed in the endorsement to " Mr. 
Atkinson." It has relation to the importation of kid skins from France, 
and an application upon that subject by Mr. Johnston. The writer of 
this abstract had obtained, in partnership with others, a grant from 
the King of France, under which they alone had the power of 
purchasing kid skins in that country. They had expended 3.0U0L 
for better gathering in the skins and engaged themselves in great 
penalties, with securities for receiving tiiis commodity for 15 years. 
Mr. Johnston, being refused to come in a sharer, petitioned for a 
prohibition of the importation of French skins. Johnston sells the 
skins to a scrivener in Thames Street, and the scrivener to a leather- 
seller, and the leatherseller to the glovers, whereby the price is 
much raised. Petitioners will sell the skins to the glovers at the 
same rate as they are sold first hand. In case his Majesty should 
hinder the importation of the skins it would be the utter undoing 
of many thousand poor people, the disfurnishing of the kingdom of 
the said commodities, a great loss in the customs, and also a prece- 
dent for French merchants in the like case upon English commodi- 
ties. Petitioners will pay yearly into the Exchequer 100^. during 
the said grant, [f p.'] 

97. Petition of the Governor and Company of Merchants of Eng- 
. land, trading in the Levant seas, to the Council. In 1608 there was a 

toleration granted to the Muscovy, Eastland, and Barbary merchants 
for transporting 34,000 Suffolk and long Western cloths yearly, 
being strained cloths, in which toleration, the trade of Turkey being 
then in its infancy, the Levant company was not included. In 
regard that of late years the chief exportation of strained cloths is 



24i6 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 



fajlen upon this company, they pray a toleration to transport into 
Turkey so many strained cloths and kerseys as those parts will vent. 

D-P-] 

98. Answer of the Governor, Deputy, Assistants, and Fellowship 
of Merchant Adventurers of England to the Council. Being replies 
to four objections propounded to them by the Council with reference 
to a former petition praying for the better ordering of the trade in 
cloth into Germany and the Seventeen Provinces. The first point 
related to four tons of yarn licensed to be exported by the city of 
Canterbury for the relief of the poor. They submit to the judgment 
of the Council, but pray that the quantity may be reduced to two 
tons. The second point had relation to the prayer of the Merchant 
Adventurers that the interloper might not be permitted to pass in 
strangers' names or upon strangers' custom. They explain that they 
sought not thereby to exclude the stranger from trading, enumerate 
the advantages possessed by the interloper, although he acts in oppo- 
sition to all royal charters, and does not increase the customs like 
the fair trader. The third point was that the interlopers in times 
of glut were thought to be a great help in taking oif the cloth of the 
Merchant Adventurers, and a daily spur to them to do the same 
themselves. Their answer is that the interlopers are unable to do 
the State any service, not one in forty ever thriving, and there is no 
want of ready men among the Adventurers to buy up more cloth 
than could be made in the kingdom. The last point related to 
security to be given by the Merchant Adventurers for buying up, 
in case of emergency, all the drapery from the clothiers. The answers 
refer to what they had done in 1563 and 1587, and at the present 
time, when, notwithstanding the wars in Germany, the stop of trade 
in Holland, and the great fears at home, there had been no just 
cause of complaint either to the clothier in . buying up, or to the 
farmers of the customs in exportation. They bring their remarks 
to an end by reminding the Council that the suppression of the 
interloper was his Majesty's promise to the town of Rottei-dam, 
when the Adventurers removed thither from Delft, and which was 
mentioned in his Majesty's proclamation, and some service rendered 
in consequence to his Majesty by the town. The town stick not to 
threaten the Company, that in case the same be not performed they 
will require restitution for that which they advanced to his Majesty. 

[Hpp-J 

99. Petition of John Oldfield to the same. Petitioner's com- 
plaints having been found just, as appears by a report annexed, 
justifying his proceedings to have been according to the proclamation, 
and to have benefited the King in respect of 6c?. the 1,000 bricks 
within the limits of a corporation lately granted to the brickmakers 
of London, to the value of 1,000 marks at the least, and commodious 
to the commonwealth in respect of the goodness of the earth for that 
purpose. Upon the unjust information of four or five of the com- 
missioners for archeiy petitioner was put by on ground in which 
the archers never had anything to do, unless all gardens be at their 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 247 



[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 

disposal, whereby petitioner lost 2001. Prays liberty to make bricks 
of his ground as other subjects have, which done he shall be damaged 
5001., and that committees may be appointed for moderating the 
engagements which through imprisonment he has been forced to, or 
that some course may be taken by the city in regard that, for the 
superfluous pleasure of the citizens, he has for this five years been 
exiled from his whole estate, then worth \,200l., and not only left 
without means of livelihood but 40Z. in debt. Unless the Lords 
take him into their consideration he must lose his estate for 150Z., 
which he was forced to take up to redeem himself from prison. 
\Underwritten, "Nil."' ^p.] 

100. Petition of the Wire-sellers, Wire-drawers, and Wire-workers 
of London to the Council. Have been much abridged and indeed ex- 
cluded from their trade, as well by a covenant made by the company 
of pinmakers witli James Lidsy, to buy of him yearly 200 tons of 
latten wire, which is more than ever was yearly wrought in this 
kingdom, and so in effect the whole sale of this commodity is appro- 
priated to the private lucre of one man, as also by a late proclamation 
of 19th August last, whereby it is first pretended that the latten wire 
made in England is much better than that imported, and that the 
manufacture employs many of his Majesty's subjects, both which asser- 
tions petitioners deny. The patentees themselves are fain to procure 
some foreign wire to be imported which they work, and in making the 
finer sorts of pins the wire made at home is not to be dravm into 
such small sizes for pins and divers other uses, yet petitioners seek 
not to discourage this manufacture here, but desire that it may be 
for any man to make. Pray the Lords to afford petitioners a favour- 
able hearing, [f p.l 

10 J. Petition of Thomas Persons, of Batcombe, Somerset, to the 
same. Petitioner having adventured to the value of ^01. for 
tobacco beyond seas, on its arrival took by licence of the Farmers 
of the Customs, only two small rolls of the tobacco, leaving the rest, 
in lieu of custom, until he could redeem the same. Upon complaint 
of John Smith, patentee of Batcombe, that petitioner should sell 
tobacco without licence, he has been sent for up in custody of a 
messenger. Petitioner never sold any tobacco, and if his wife did 
so, he was ignorant thereof He proffered the two rolls to the 
patentee at the accustomed prices, who would not accept of it. 
Prays discharge. [| p.] 

102. Petition of Anthony Hooper, merchant, to the same. In 
February last, petitioner made over to John La Poutre certain 
tobacco aboard the Exchange, of London, which La Poutre after- 
wards made over to Daniel Farfax and Isaac Legay, for better 
security of 10,000Z., for which La Poutre and petitioner stood 
bound. The tobacco being since landed at Guernsey, is there de- 
tained from Farfax and Legay by reason of attachments brought 
upon bare pretences. Prays order to Sir Peter Osborne, governor of 
Guernsey, to deliver the tobacco to Farfax and Legay. [| jj.] 



248 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVII. 



[1638?] 



] 03. Minute made for Sir William Becher of a petition, touching 
the tobacco-pipe makers. They have a patent of incorporation 
10th Charles. Mr. Lee is patentee for sole venting of tobacco-pipe 
earth, 21st James, which patent vras called in by the House of 
Commons 1st Charles. In December last Mr. Kirke and Mr. Max- 
well, of the bedchamber, took an assignment of Lee's patent, and 
John Price and Francis Brudenell are farmers to the assignees. 
Foster and Peniall, messengers, have warrants for execution of this 
patent. Petitioners desire that the patent may be called for, and 
offer to submit to it, so it may be truly executed. [| j3.] 



Vol. CCCCVIIL Undated, 1638. 

1. Statement respecting the various measures taken for the regula- 
tion of the manufacture and sale of playing cards. It contains notices 
of the various proclamations and grants made for promoting the sale 
of English-made cards, and for seizing all unsealed cards, and all 
cards imported from foreign countries. [2 p^^-] 

2. Another statement upon tlie same subject as the preceding, 
with special notice of the grant made to Edward Darcy in the 40th 
Elizabeth, and the proceedings consequent thereon. [2f pp."] 

3. Petition of Thomas Blackall to the Council. By warrant of 
the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington, petitioner was taken into 
the custody of a messenger, concerning the business of cards, where 
he has remained these 23 days to his great charge. Having truly 
related to the Commissioners all his knowledge and dealing in cards 
since the proclamation [15 May 1637], and submitted his books to 
a merchant of quality, who has certified to the Commissioners, be 
prays to be discharged, [f p.'] 

4. Petition of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Company 
of Hatband Makers of London, to the same. In December last 
his Majesty granted to petitioners letters patent of incorporation, 
and sundry ordinances have since been confirmed to them by the 
Lord Keeper and two Lords Chief Justices for the good government 
of their corporation. There are some refractory members who will 
not yield obedience to their charter and ordinance, and others who 
exercise petitioners' calling without having served according to law 
Pray warrant to a messenger for apprehending the offenders and 
conventing them before the Lords for examination as to their mis- 
demeanours. [1 p.'] 

5. Petition of George Clarke, one of the Officers of the Ordnance, to 
the same. The Commissioners for the Admiralty [for Saltpetre and 
Gunpowder?] having been informed of divers powder mills in Bristol 
which, contrary to the proclamation, made and sold powder to the 
prejudice of his Majesty's sale, they employed petitioner with direc 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 249 



[]638?1 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

tion to the Mayor of Bristol for disabling the said mills, which has 
been performed, as related in the mayor's letter to tlie Lords. Prays 
for some satisfaction. [See also Vol. ccclxxxiii., No. 41. ^ p.J 

6. Petition of William Wall, of London, merchant, to the Council. 
Petitioner having contracted with certain mercliants of Zealand for 
furnishing 100 fodder of lead, provided himself of that proportion, 
with intent to transport the same accordingly. The exportation of 
that commodity being since prohibited, tlie stock lies dead on his 
hands, and he is threatened to be sued on his contract. Prays licence 
for the transportation of the lead, he entering bond that the same 
shall be conveyed into some part of the United Provinces. [^ p.J 

7. Petition of William Gore to the same. Petitioner, in accord- 
ance with an order of the Lords, has submitted himself to the 
Eastland Company, and yet they, contrary to the true intention of 
the said order, have laid a tax of fiOZ. and upwards upon petitioner, 
whereupon petitioner exhibited his complaint to the Lords, who 
directed that a subscription should be made under the same, that 
they found the said high penalty very strange, and that they expected 
better conformity with their order, which being delivered to the 
company, they answered that they would attend the Lords about 
the same, which yet they have not done, purposely delaying peti- 
tioner, knowing that he has goods ready to be shipped, which will 
tend to his undoing if he be prevented of the next opportunity to 
send away the same. Prays the Lords to order the Eastland Com- 
pany to accept petitioner's submission, and that his fine may be 
remitted or extenuated, and he be suffered to ship his goods, [f p.'] 

8. Petition of Sir Xjlervase Scrope, prisoner in the Fleet, to the 
same. Petitioner has justly incurred censure for, some menacing 
speeches used to one of his Majesty's officers in the execution of his 
place for ship-money. Prays the Lords of their accustomed good- 
ness to persons brought to a true sight of their errors to vouchsafe 
his release, [i 2^-] 

9. Petition of Robert Anderson to the same. By undue practice 
between ThomasHardware, owner of the Margaret, of Yarmouth, laden 
with coals, Clement Baker, master of the same, Thomas West, a wood- 
monger near Charing Cross, who bought the said coals, and Thomas 
Horth, agent for the shippers, against the Hostmen of NcM'castle, 
petitioner has been twice sent for by a pursuivant and enforced to 
two journeys from Newcastle; also he has been put to an expense of 
at least 2001, besides the scandal brought upon his colliery at New- 
castle, he never having had to do with those coals more than the 
merest stranger. A certificate remains in the hands of the clerk of 
the Council from the Bishop of Durham and Sir John Fenwick, to 
whom the Lords referred the matter. Prays that the certificate 
may be read, and that petitioner may have some reparation for his 
wrongful vexation. [^ p.] 



250 DOMESTIC! — CHARLES I. 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



10. Petition of owners and masters of ships trading to Newcastle 
for coals to the Council, Until lately petitioners had liberty as in 
a free market to buy coals of any Hostmen at Newcastle, and had such 
over-measure as for a long time had been allowed. In the fourth 
year of his Majesty's reign coals were raised 12d. in every chaldron 
upon promise that the accustomed over-measure should be continued, 
which was never denied till last year, when, by combination between 
the Hostmen and his Majesty's farmers at Newcastle, the Host- 
men, being about 50, appointed seven persons to sit at a board of 
green cloth, and there to appoint deliverance of coals to every 
shipper for the whole fraternity ; by which means petitioners were 
not only often^laden with unsaleable coals, but were debarred of their 
accustomed overplus measure, which was the very livelihood of 
petitioners. Against which grievance and innovation petitioners 
petitioned last summer for relief, but their petition was stayed by 
Mr. Warmanth, alderman and solicitor of Newcastle, then attending 
the Loi-ds on other business, upon promise that at his return to 
Newcastle he would cause the quartering and gross sale in common 
to cease, which about Michaelmas last was for a short time per- 
formed. Since Christmas the Hostmen have set up again their 
quartering and monopoly, by which means a great number of ships 
accustomed do not now go to Newcastle, but traffic into foreign 
parts or lie still, for that the Newcastle voyage will not bear 
common charge and losses of adventure. Pray relief. [1 p-l 
Annexed, 

10. I. Petition of the same to the saone, stated in the preceding 

article to have been presented last summer. [1 p."] 

11. Pi'opositions proffered by the masters and owners of ships 
trading to Newcastle, Sunderland, &c., of the terms upon which 
they will supply London with coals if they may have a free trade 
to Newcastle and a just measure, being a copy of the paper already 
calendared in Vol. ccclxacxvii., No. 20. [| p.] 

12. Reasons to induce his Majesty to compound and take in hand 
two patents granted out for stuff tb make blue starch as saffer and 
potashes. The patents complained of were granted by James I. on 
20th January in the 16th year of his reign, for 31 years, to Sir 
George Hayes, but really for the benefit of Abraham Baker, a 
Dutchman, born in Flanders. Great misconduct is attributed to 
Baker by the writer of the present paper, who prays the King to 
withdraw the patent from Baker and confer it upon Christian 
Wilhelm, the first man that invented smalts in this kingdom, and 
from whom Baker had his insight, and so got a patent over his head. 
The writer further states that there is a stuff called " barilli " that 
is better for blue than potashes, and that Wilhelm has invented tlie 
making of white earthen pots, glazed both within and without, which 
show as fair as China dishes. [ = 2 jp^.] 

] 3. Suggestion of Edward Misselden for a letter to be written to the 
company of Merchant Adventurers by the King, complaining of the 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 251 



[1638 ?J 



Vol. CCCCAQII. 

way in which a royal letter on behalf of Missel den had been treated 
by Peter Jones, a member of the company. Jones was to be 
examined before the governor and deputy, and a report to be made 
thereof. [| p.] 

14. Propositions to be presented to the Earl of Northumberland 
as Lord Admiral for his approval, touching provant-clothes to be 
vended in 1638 aboard his Majesty's ships. [If p.] 

15. Statement of the abuses in clothing with the remedies sug- 
gested by Mr. Withers, and by him delivered to the Council, with an 
underwritten certificate of the approval of the same by William 
Adam, Christopher Potticary, and 12 other clothiers whose names 
are subscribed. [Broad sheet. = 4 pp."] 

16. Abstract of Sir Alexander Gordon's proceedings in his suit 
touching tradesmen and artificers. Sir Alexander's propositions were 
approved by the two late chief justices, but objected to by Attorney- 
General Noy, and moderated by his Majesty. Ultimately Sir 
Alexander moved for a commission to treat for pardons to such 
offenders as of their own accord should desire the same, whereunto 
his Majesty condescended, uttering these words, " Volenti non Jit 
injuria." The suit had been delayed by Sir Alexander's being 
called into France, and thence into Scotland, but he is now desirous 
to pursue the same to a successful period. [| p.'] 

17. Petition of Nicholas Page, clerk, to the King. The assignees 
of Sir Nicholas Halse have often suggested to your Majesty that 
they are the first true inventors bf kilns to dry malt, hops, &c., with 
sea-coal, turf,.&c., by the use of iron plates. Petitioner was the first 
publisher, and has the first grant of the like invention. The 
neglect of putting into execution the said work is a great incon- 
venience to the commonwealth and hindrance to your Majesty's 
revenue. Prays that the assignees of Sir Nicholas may be ordered to 
proceed with their invention, making use of iron plates, and that 
petitioner may go on with his own particular invention without 
iron plates. If petitioner may, enjoy his privilege and take his 
remedy against such as may trench upon his way according to the 
intent of his grant, he will be accountable to your Majesty for two 
thirds of the profits. [1 p.] 

18. Statement of the abuses of innkeepers, victuallers, and ale- 
house-keepers in the brewing of beer, and the advantages which 
would ensue to the subject from prohibiting innkeepers and others 
before mentioned from exercising the calling of brewers. The abu.ses 
complained of were that there was an excessive consumption of 
malt, that small beer was seldom brewed, so that the poor were 
unable to procure drink, all the endeavour of brewers being to please 
the licentious appetites of riotous and disordered persons. [1^ ^'l 

19. Another statement in the form of articles [by Capt. Duppa], 
enforcing the reasons for suppressing innkeepers and victuallers from 



252 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



[I638q . . Yo.. CCCCVIII. 

brewing and establishing licensed brew-houses. Among the argu- 
ments stated in favour of this change, the following is alleged in 
Article No. 2, that if common brewers were established all men 
might be served at reasonable prices, " and his Majesty in all his 
progresses may have his drinks brewed near the Court, so that the 
subjects need not be constrained to carry his Majesty's drink, some 
12, some 14, and some 16 miles, as oftentimes they do." [2| pp.'] 

20. Another statement, also attributed in the endorsement to 
Capt. Duppa, setting forth, to the same effect as the preceding, the 
advantages which would accrue from the establishment of common 
brewers. [1 p.] 

WhitebaU. 21. [The Council to the Sheriffs of the several counties.] In Jul^- 

last his Majesty sent forth proclamations that no man should buy 
any grain to convert into malt, after Christmas last, but such as 
should be allowed by commissioners, whereby not only the number 
of maltsters might be lessened, but also they might be reduced under 
government by incorporating in every county meet persons for that 
trade. We require you to send for the constables in every hundred 
and charge them to bring you an account in writing of such persons 
as have bought any grain to convert into malt since Christmas last, 
and by what authority the maltsters have done the same, and their 
account j'ou are to return to us before the J 0th June next. [1^ p.] 

22. The same to the Mayor of Eeading. To certify the names of 
persons in that town who have since Christmas exercised the trade 
of malting. [Underwritten is a list of cities and towns to which 
similar letters were directed. Draft. ] jp.] 

23. Answer to objections against the orders for better regulating 
maltsters, especiallj'- with reference to co. Hertford. [2^ pp?^ 

24. Information that John Newell, of Elstow, co. Bedford, 
continues brewing in contempt of the proclamation, and has living 
with him Gabriel Newell, who goes about the country to get the 
hands of innkeepers and alehouse-keepers to a petition to the King, 
which intimates their consent to give the King 20s. per annum tn 
be at liberty to brew as before, and for this service he demands 12ci!. 
per house as a fee due to him. It is desired that this may be 
examined by two justices of peace. [^ p.] 

25. Statement of the manifold and dangerous abuses committed by 
the distillers of strong waters. It is asserted that the material ingre- 
dients of their distillations are principally the emptyings of brewers' 
vessels, droppings of alewives' taps, and washings of beer hogsheads, 
which they call a low wine ; adding thereto spices, seeds, and herbs, 
and dulcifying it with the refuse or dross of sugar, fit only for hogs' 
treacle. There is appended a list of "the barbarous names" of 
thirty-three of these pretended strong waters. [2 pp.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 253 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

2G. Bill for poultry purchased from various persons named, and 
at the prices stated. Capons were charged at 2s. 6cl. each and 
chickens at 6d. \_^'p.] 

27. Copy of the same. [^ p.] 

28. The King to aU Justices of Peace, Mayors, Sheriffs, and other 
officers. There are within Cornwall, Devon, and other places many 
copper mines discovered, which if set on work would yield gTeat 
benefit for making brass ordnance for our forts and navy, besides 
manufactures for employment of our people, which copper mines we 
have now taken into our own hands. We have appointed our 
servant Thomas Russell our principal agent for that service, and 
require all whom it may concern to permit him to go about these 
our services without let or molestation. [18 lines on parchment. 
Unsigned.'] 

29. The same to Attorney-General Bankes. By letters patents 
of 4 July 1629 we granted to John Jacob, now Sir John Jacob, 
and George Wilmer, the office of collector of impositions upon 
tobacco, with the annual fee of 150?. during life, and also another 
annuity of 150?. in case we should take away, discharge, or change 
the said impost. Sir John Jacob and George Wilmer being willing 
to surrender the said office and annuities, to the end we may grant 
tlie same to John Haies and Thomas Nevett, you are to prepare a 
bill accordingly. [1 p.] 

30. Letters patent for granting to Griffin Lloyd, messenger of 
the Cliamber, the fines commonly called prefines and postfines, and 
the ])rofits of all fines of lands and tenements within the county 
palatine of Chester, the county of the city of Chester, and the 
county of Flint, for the term of 31 years, at the annual rent of 201. 
[Latin, oi pp.] 

31. Warrant to Thomas Webb, a messenger of the Chamber. 
Sundry rents and arrearages of rents and other profits stand charged 
before several auditors of the Exchequer and are due to his Majesty ; 
you are to make your repair to the persons chargeable with such 
debts or duties, and to collect the same by way of distress upon their 
lands, goods, and chattels ; and forasmuch as divers tenants cliarge- 
able with such rents have refused to make payment of the same, 
and the accomptants have desired the aid of some of his Majesty's 
servants to levy the same, you are to assist any such his Majesty's 
officers by levying distresses upon such tenants, and if any rescue 
or refuse payment you shall bring them before me or deliver them 
to the sheriff of that county to be taken to gaol, there to remain 
until they make payment. [28 lines on parchment. 1 p.] 

32. Minute of an application to be made tf) Sec. Windebank foi' a 
letter to the Lord Chief Baron in behalf of Edward Watkins, chief 
searcher of the port of London, praying time till next term to answer 
the searcher of Gravesend, who, in consequence of Mr. Watkins's 
oood service in the seizure of 1,400L aboard a ship bound for Dun- 



254 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I, 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIIl. 



kirk after she had been cleared by the searcher of Gravesend, is now 
in question upon pretence that if the whole seizure do not belong 
to the searcher of Gravesend, then it belongs to the King. [1^ p.} 

83. Petition of Elizabeth Harrison, wife of John Harrison, your 
Majesty's late agent for Barbary, to the King. Petitioner's husband 
has preferred many petitions to your Majesty, and thereupon had 
references and orders for his money due for his employments, but 
as yet has not received any. His creditors are so importunate 
that he must be forced either to go to prison or depart the country, 
and petitioner is like to perish, having lived all this while at the de- 
votion of friends who are no longer able to maintain her, being the 
daughter of one of your servants, Ambrose "Wheeler, gentleman-usher, 
quarter-waiter, deceased, to whom also your mother owed a great 
sum of money. Prays a grant to her husband, who has so often ad- 
ventured his life in his Majesty's service, of the suit mentioned in 
the petition annexed, or an order that he may receive his money 
due. [-^ p.] Annexed, 

33. I. Fetition of John Harrison to the same. 2 here are many 

debts as forfeitures of port bonds, and other bonds, fines 
and forfeitures imposed upon offenders in the Courts of 
Exchequer, Wards and Liveries, and First-fruits, which are 
neglected to be levied by the sheriffs, but by labour might 
be brought into the Exchequer. Frays a grant of two thirds 
of such debts. He will cause the same to be levied at his own 
charges and will be accountable to your Majesty for the 
third part, until his debt of 3,648Z. be satisfied. [^ p.] 

34. Petition of Eichard Joliffe, on behalf of the inhabitants of 
the Isle of Wight, to the same. Petitioner having obtained 
special direction from your Majesty to the Lord Treasurer Weston 
for payment of 7,340Z. due to petitioners for billeting soldiers within 
the said isle, Weston paid 3,000?. and promised speedy payment of the 
rest, but very shortly after died. Petitioner has since spent four 
years' time and 500L out of his own purse in following this business 
on behalf of the said isle. He has obtained references from your 
Majesty to the present Lord Treasurer for payment of the 4,340Z. re- 
maining, but as yet cannot obtain any part thereof. In respect 
petitioner bi'ought your Majesty 3,000J. taken up in Spanish money 
out of the sea within the said isle, he hoped to have obtained some 
part thereof towards satisfaction of the inhabitants, and has given 
daily attendance in London thereon. Being no longer able to follow 
that suit he prays a Privy Seal for the said 4,340Z., and directions 
to the Lord Treasurer and Lord Admiral to grant petitioner a 
warrant for the recovery of such moneys and goods as shall be taken 
upon wreck at sea or otherwise shall be due to your Majesty in 
the Admiralty Court before the commencement of the Lord Admi- 
ral's patent, and petitioner will entitle your Majesty to the same at 
his own charges. [| p]. 

35. Petition of Francis Phillips, one of the seven auditors of the 
Exchequer, to the same. Has been an officer in that way above 40 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 255 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

j'ears, and has been employed in divers extraordinary accounts ; he 
has besides for seven years taken the accounts for the repair of 
St. Paul's Cathedral. Being now aged, and having the charge of 
many children, petitioner prays a grant to his son John, who has 
been trained up in the office of Sir Edmond Sawyer, of the reversion 
of the auditor's place which shall first happen to become void, [f p."] 

36. Another petition of Francis Phillips, one of the seven auditors 
of the Exchequer, to the King. To the same effect as the preceding, 
but praying for a reference to the Lord Treasurer for nominating 
John Phillips for the grant of the auditor's place in reversion prayed 
for in the preceding petition, [f p.'] 

37. Petition of Charles Lord Lambert, your Majesty's servant, to 
the same. Petitioner being bound with Sir James Bagg in a bond 
of 2,0001. for payment of IjOOOZ. borrowed by Sir James of the 
Farmers of the Customs, the said debt with others was assigned to 
your Majesty, and by process out of the Exchequer the lands of Sir 
James specified in a schedule annexed were in September last ex- 
tended for the same, since which other extents have been made of 
the said lands and certain goods, and your Majesty has bestowed 
the benefit of part of the lands in the said latter extent upon Sir 
James's son. If out of the residue of the said estate the bond for 
2,000J. be not satisfied it will lie very heavy upon petitioner's estate, 
which is already very much charged by his father's debts. Peti- 
tioner prays that, towards satisfaction of the said bond of 2,000i., 
leases may be made to him of the residue of the lands and goods 
in the said extents under such rents as the same are valued at in 
the extents, except onlj' such lands as are already bestowed on Sir 
James's son, and upon discharge of the said debt petitioner will be 
ready to assign over the leases either to the Farmers of the Customs 
or to the heir of Sir James Bagg. [f p.] 

38. Petition of Charles Lord Lambert to the same. Sir Miles 
Fleetwood and Sir Oliver Luke demanded great sums from petitioner, 
which had been settled by awards made in Ireland by Lords DUlon 
and Ranelagh, and by the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and they also 
refused to make allowances of certain suras received by their agents, 
whereupon petitioner was enforced to exhibit his bill in Chancery. 
Defendants, intending to surprise petitioner before he could make 
any proof in his cause, obtained a reference from your Majesty 
to the Lord Keeper to determine the same in a summary way. 
Petitioner having entered bond to abide by his Lordship's award, 
lie has made a decree whereby petitioner finds himself grieved in 
divers points, wherein he could not make the equity of his cause to 
appear for want of his witnesses, being all resident in Ireland ; and 
further, a great part of the gross sum in the said decree is charged 
upon him contrary to the true meaning of the Lord Keeper, as 
appears in the paper annexed. Prays the King to command the 
Lord Keeper to take such points as are laentioned in the paper 
annexed into further consideration, and to grrmli petitioner a coin- 



256 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



mission to examine his witnesses, and to command a stay of proceed- 
ings in the meantime, [f p.l Annexed, 

38. I. Note of particulars charged on the plaintiff in the Lord 
Keeper's decree contrary to his Lordship's meaning in his 
orders ; also of faiiiculars charged in the decree for want 
of plaintiff's proofs, without tvhich the equity of his cause 
cannot appear, [f p.] 

39. Petition of Brome Whorwood to the King. Sir Thomas 
"Whorwood, petitioner's late father, entered into treaty of marriage 
between petitioner and Jane Rider, daughter-in-law to James Max- 
well, one of the grooms of the bedchamber. They concluded the 
same on the 10th September last, and amongst the articles of agree- 
ment, petitioner's father provided for a jointure to be made for a 
second wife. In regard of Mr. Maxwell's attendance upon your 
Majesty, the marriage did not take place till the 22nd September, 
and after the said marriage petitioner's father, the very same day, 
died, petitioner being not then 21 years of age. After the office 
found the Court of W ards assessed the fine of petitioner's marriage 
at 5001. Prays reference to the Lords Judges Assistants of that 
court, that your Majesty may be advertised whether, as this case is, 
there will be a value of a marriage due to your Majesty. [^ |).] 

40. Petition of John Rowden, your Majesty's servant, prisoner in 
the Fleet, to the same. Your Majesty commended petitioner to the 
late Lord Treasurer and Chancellor of the Exchequer for payment 
of sundry great sums of money disbursed for your Majesty's service 
by command, as also of an annuity of 501., and a fee of 12d. per diem 
for eight years then passed. By reason of petitioner's restraint, 
which disabled him from prosecuting- the said reference, and the 
change of the then Lord Treasurer and Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
nothing has been effected for petitioner's relief, but he has continued 
14 years in prison through want of the said moneys. Prays a 
revival of the reference to the now Lord Treasurer and Lord 
Cottington. [f ^J.] 

41. Petition of the same to Francis Lord Cottington, Chancellor 
of the Exchequer. Petitioner was formerly a clerk in the Receipt 
of Exchequer to one of the tellers there, and disbursed divers great 
sums of money by command of superior officers, for a great part 
whereof he never could get allowance or repayment, by which means 
his estate has been extended, and himself imprisoned in the Fleet 
14 years. There is also due to petitioner, in the name of John 
London, upon an annuity of 501., the sum of G501. For his relief 
petitioner petitioned his Majesty, who made a reference to the Lord 
Treasurer and yourself, dated at Theobald's, 81st May 1638. Prays 
an appointment for hearing the cause. [§ j3.] 

42. Petition of George Parrj', Doctor of Laws, Lady Dorothy 
Smith his wife, formerly wife of Sir Nicholas Smith, deceased, and 
grandmother to George Smith, your Majesty's now ward, and James 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 257 



[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

Walker, nearest kinsman to the said ward, and executor of Sir 
Nicholas, to the King. By the death of Nicholas Smith, of Exeter, 
George Smith, his son and heir, being about four years old, is in 
ward to your Majesty. His father, as is pretended, desired in his 
last will that bis son's wardship might be committed to Sir Miles 
Fleetwood, receiver of the Court of Wards, in trust for the ward, 
and conveyed to him two parts of his estate. Pray that some other 
of the friends of the ward residing near his estates, which are in 
Devon and Cornwall, may be joined with Sir Miles Fleetwood, and 
that provision be made for clearing the estate and true accounting 
for the profits thereof. [^ p.] 

43. Petition of Peter Newton, James Clegborn, Humphrey 
Deatheck, and Alexander Dunsire, your Majesty's servants [gentle- 
men-ushers], to the same. About two years since petitioners pre- 
sented a petition concerning alieas, which your Majesty then con- 
ceived might trench upon the late corporation for tradesmen. Your 
servants being satisfied to the contrary, presumed lately to revive 
their former suit, and upon a reference to the Solicitor-General, he 
has certified his opinion touching the same. Others have been 
petitioners in the like kind, and have likewise obtained a reference 
to the Solicitor-General. Pray his Majesty to take notice of the 
priority of petitioners' request, and to give order to Mr. Solicitor to 
prepare a book accoi-dingly, and petitioners shall pay your Majesty 
1001. yearly, [f p.] 

44. Petition of Bryan Case, your Majesty's ancient servant, to 
the same. Your Majesty granted petitioner the office of keeper of 
the Council Chamber, attending the commissioners for that part of 
your revenue as Prince, which office petitioner now enjoys, and 
likewise by the said grant the reversion of the office of keeper of 
your Majesty's Council Chamber of Estate after George Ravenscroft 
and William Eailton. Being by reason of his great charge and age 
hardly able to discharge the said office, prays that upon surrender of 
his grant his office may be regranted to Ninian Cuningham. [§ p.] 

45. Eeasons to induce the King to settle the office of Registering 
Bills of Exchange, the principal object of which was to put a stop 
to the exportation of gold. This paper was written by one of the 
merchants lately prosecuted for the offence of exportation in the 
Star Chamber. [SJ pp.'] 

46. Minute of application by George Bagg to Sec. Windebank, 
with reference to his petition to his Majesty of the 4th September 
1638. When his Majesty gave leave to Sir James Bagg to com- 
pound with Sir Ferdinando Gorges for the fort and island near 
Plymouth, there was a reversion formerly granted to Sir Thomas 
Aylesbury, which Sir James Bagg bought for 1,000L, and then there 
was a patent granted to Sir James Bagg and Capt. Arthur Chichester, 
in trust for the petitioner, George Bagg, who because he is young 
will be content to have under him a lieutenant of his Majesty's 

13. J, 



258 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



choosing. As to the Western imposition, the patent for collecting 
it is to Sir James Bagg and Abraham Bigges, his brother-in-law, in 
trust for George Bagg. There are great arrears of this collection, 
but Sir James's extended lands are of greater value than the debt, 
and Sir Abraham Dawes and others will be security for the receipt 
to come. [1 p.] 

47. Minute of a petition of Eichard Forster to the King. Peti- 
tioner was a suitor to his Majesty for the arrearages due to 
his Majesty for his coal mines in BenweU, Northumberland, but 
whilst his petition was before the then Lord Treasurer, Mrs. 
Cecily Crofts became suitor for the arrearages within four 
places, by name in Benwell, for which she obtained a grant. 
Petitioner became again a suitor for all the arrearages in Benwell 
not granted to Mrs. Crofts, for which he obtained a patent in the 
names of two of his friends, but it was stopped at the Great Seal 
until Mi's. Crofts' suit was heard, for which there was then an 
information in the Exchequer. After waiting six years, Mrs. Crofts' 
suit is now in a way to be compounded, and it is pretended that the 
arrearages in Benwell shall be compounded for under her grant, as 
though Forster never had any grant, and that his Majesty will 
discharge the defendants without regard to Forster's grant, which 
he hopes is not his Majesty's intention, and prays him to declare 
his pleasure therein. [| p.] 

48. Information against the Searchers of the Customs that they 
frequently pass English books printed beyond seas. They are pro- 
hibited by the decree to suffer any packs of books to be opened 
until the Archbishop of Canterbury or the Bishop of London shall 
have appointed one of their chaplains with the wardens of the 
stationers to be present, yet they open them themselves, taking out 
what they please, and let the rest pass privately. Seven instances 
are quoted of cases of books passed by them. One of the instances, 
that of Egerton, has been already noticed in our abstract of the 
proceedings of the Court of High Commission. See especially vol. 
for 1635, p. 187. [1 p.] 

49. Minute of an application to his Majesty in the controversy 
between Morgan and Eookes, concerning the searcher's place of 
Sandwich. His Majesty directed that both parties should try their 
title at law. Eookes declining that course, endeavours to make his 
patent in reversion commence by the forfeiture of his son's patent 
by a trial at the King's Bench bar against his son for misdemeanours 
committed in the execution of the said place ; in which course, if 
he be permitted to proceed, his Majesty's intention will be inter- 
rupted. It is desired that his Majesty will stay this trial, and that 
both parties may proceed according to his Majesty's directions, [f p.] 

50. Parcels demanded by Philip Burlamachi in his account, but 
suspended by the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington until his 
Majesty's pleasure be further known. These items comprise claims 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 259 



£1638 ?] Vol. CCCCVm. 

for freight, factorage, exchange, fees paid in the Exchequer, and 
various allowances, altogether amounting to 25,373?. 8s. Id. [2 j pp.] 

51. Parcels similarly demanded by Philip Burlamachi, but alto- 
gether disallowed by the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington. These 
are principally claims for compensation for losses consequent upon 
non-payment of moneys at the time they were due, and amount to 
24,803Z. [1 p.] 

52. Philip Burlamachi to [Lord Cottington ?]. States reasons 
why he should be allowed the parcels or items mentioned above as 
suspended and disallowed, and appeals to the person addressed to 
intercede for him on their account with the King. [2| fpP^ 

53. General tabular statement of the number of persons holding 
offices, and the suras which they might be called upon to contribute in 
any case of financial necessity. The number of such persons is cal- 
culated at 5,150, and the sum they might advance 1,150,000?. [1 p.] 

54. Petition of Mary Thomas, wife of William Thomas, keeper of 
the Wardrobe in Windsor Castle, to the King. In 1630, Aaron 
Williams purchased of Richard Glover a lease of a piece of land 
lying in Wapping Level, called Peasefield, at 4L rent per annum for 
every acre, upon which he built sundry tenements for mariners and 
let parcels for seamen to build upon, and then mortgaged the ground 
for 400?. to Dr. Tapsall, deceased, your Majesty's chaplain, and to 
petitioner, his then wife. The newly erected buildings upon a 
presentment were ordered to be demolished, but your Majesty, out 
of commiseration of the fraudulent dealings of Aaron Williams 
towards petitioner, and in consideration that the inhabitants were 
aU seafaring men, signified by Sec. Windebank to the sherifis of 
London that they should forbear the demolition, yet they are 
now again presented and like to be questioned. Petitioner prays 
order to Sec. Windebank for a Privy Seal to pardon the said 
buildings, [| p.] 

55. Richard Graham to the same. During the reign of the late 
King the border lands between England and Scotland were reduced 
to a reasonable quiet, and the humour of thieving appearing to be 
totally extinct the special government of the borders was laid aside 
and all left to the ordinary government of lieutenants, justices of 
peace, and the course of the common law. The expectation of these 
countries' quiet by this ordinary way has failed, stealing has become 
very common and thieves very insolent, they gather in troops of 10 
or 12, and if .any be brought in for trial such favour and fear they 
get amongst the people that it is matter of great difficulty for any 
poor man to obtain legal proof Prays that the Earls of Arundel, 
Suffolk, and Nithsdale may call before them the gentlemen of those 
counties and consider of some course for his Majesty's better service, 
[i jP'] Underwritten, 

55. I. Memorandum that the King directed the Earls above 
mentioned, luith the Earl of Anvandale, to meet together, 

■R 2 



260 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



and after notice taken of the growing disorders to advise 
with such of the gentlemen of those counties as are now in 
town, and enter into consideration with them of the best 
means for reducing those parts to civility and good 
government. \_\ p.] 

56. Petition of William Terry, of LDiidoti, mercer, to the Council. 
By order at the Inner Star Chamber of 25th January last, petitioner, 
about Easter term last, was, amongst others, served with an order 
of favour to sue out letters patent of pardon by Whitsuntide for 
1 3 houses in and near Swan Alley in Blackfriars, built contrary to 
proclamation. The said houses were built 20 years ago, and the 
fine paid about two years since by Edmond Travers, who had the 
inheritance, and was not the offender, nor had the full profits of 
the houses, there being a lease of 30 years yet in being of the pre- 
mises, which Sir James Carroll, who lives in Ireland, enjoys. Peti- 
tioner, after the said fine paid by Travers, bought the fee simple and 
a rentcharge of the premises of the said Travers, yet petitioner was 
by the parish warned with this your order, and in obedience shows 
the state of his case, not being in possession, but only receiving his 
rentcharge from the steward of Sir James Carroll. Prays that he 
maj' be spared from this order. [See Vol. cccli., No. 75. 1 p.'] 

57. Statement of the condition of the keelmen, watermen, and 
labourers in the coal works at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The stoppage 
of the coal trade by sea has thrown at least 3,000 men out of employ, 
and unless some course be taken to encourage the ship-masters to go 
to Newcastle again this winter, they will be in danger to assemble 
themselves and make an uproar in the town, as they did of late, or 
if there be any troubles in the State, make use of it to the damage of 
the town, [f j^.] 

58. A true relation of the business prosecuted against Edward 
Moore, of Berwick, by Sir Robert Jackson. George Lambe, a servant 
of Moore, having reproved Edmund Richardson for eating and stealing 
corn, Richardson procured a warrant against Lambe from Mr. Ord, 
brother-in-law to Moore, which warrant was given to William Cooke, 
bailifi" of Tweedmouth, to serve. Moore hearing of the warrant, 
passed his word to Mr. Ord that Lambe should appear when called 
for, but Cooke in spite of that promise arrested Lambe under tlie 
warrant, whereupon a quarrel ensued between Moore and Cooke, 
which was magnified into a riot, for which Moore was indicted at 
Durham. [= lip.] 

59. " Advice how to proceed eflfectually in this project," which 
was to procure the King to resume possession of certain houses in 
Berwick, granted to the corporation by James I. It was first to be 
learned what effect an accusation of Edward Moore was likely to 
produce. To be avenged of his imagined enemies in Berwick, he 
had framed against the governors a number of articles alleging ill 
government, wiiereby they had forfeited the charter of the town. 



DOMESTIC — CHAELES I. 26 1 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

If that should succeed, the King should be moved, that out of the 
forfeiture 400^. should be raised and employed in redeeming the lease 
of the rectory. If Moore should fail in his accusation, then his 
Highness's letters should be procured to the purport already calen- 
dared in Vol. cccxci., No. 13, i., and mentioned in, the next article. 
The form of the suggested letter is here stated, and corrected by Sec. 
Windebank. [l^^^J-] 

60. Petition of the Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses of Berwick- 
upon-Tweed to the King. Your Majesty by late letters (see 
Vol. cccxci., JS^o. 13, I. i.,) demanded a surrender of divers houses in 
the said town formerly granted by James I., and confirmed by Act 
of Parliament, except petitioners could make it appear that they 
were useful to them. Petitioners by a former petition, hereimto 
annexed, represented how useful the houses were to them, and craved 
that they might continue the same ; which petition was presented 
by Sir Edward Powell, but petitioners received no answer thereof 
Petitioners being sore burdened with widows and orphans, relicts of 
the late dissolved garrison, and other poor people, are suitors that 
your Majesty will signify your pleasure touching the said former 
petition, [f j?.] Annexed, 

60. I. Petition of the same to the same. Copy of the petition 

above alluded to as the forTner petition. It recites the 
King's letter above mentioned, and states the reasons why 
the petitioners desired^ to retain possession of the same, as 
those reasons are stated i/n Vol. cccxci., iVb. 13, I. [| p.] ■ 

61. Draft suggested settlement on a proposed marriage between 
Thomas Lord Wentworth, sou and heir of Thomas Earl of Cleveland, 
and the sole daughter and heir apparent (sic) of Sir John Lambe. The 
Earl proposes to bring into settlement his lordships of Stebenhith 
and Hackney, with all his lands in those places, and also in Shore- 
ditch, Holywell Street, Whitechapel, Stratford-le-Bow, Poplar, 
North Street, Lime Street, Eatcliff, Clenc Street, Brook Street, 
Mile End, Bethnal Green, Old Ford, Westheath, Kingsland, Shakle- 
well, Newington Street alias Hackney Street, Clapton, Church 
Street, Well Street, Humberton [Homerton], Grove Street, Gouneston 
Street alias Mere Street, and Stebenhith Marsh. [=29 pp."] 

62. Another draft of another, probably alternative, suggested settle- 
ment on the proposed marriage mentioned in the last article. In 
this draft the Earl of Cleveland proposes to bring into settlement 
Toddington Place, co. Bedford, with the lordships of Toddington 
cum membris, Tingrith, Dixwell, and Youngs, and all his lands in 
the parishes and hamlets of Toddington, Chalton, Heme, Sundon, 
Westoning, Tingrith, Eversholt, Milton Bryant, Hockliffe, and 
Kidgmont. [=29 pp.] 

63. " The humble requests of the Company of Parish Clerks of Lon- 
don, touching some additions and amendments to be [made] in their 
Charttr." They desired an extension of their jurisdiction to West- 



262 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



minster, Southwark, and the fifteen out-parishes, with a variety of 
fresh privileges and powers. [1 p.] 

64 Statement of the facts in a case before referees, between 
Thomas Smith and Ralph Saunderson, touching their separate rights 
under a grant for ballasting ships. Smith having obtained the 
grant subject to a rent to the Crown o£ 6661. 13s. 4cZ. per annum, 
compounded with the several persons who had power to ballast, 
upon the terms of paying them the following annuities, viz., to the 
Earl Marshal, 3171. per annum ; the Trinity House, 100?. ; Endy- 
mion Porter, 501. ; and certain wharfs, 501. He also disbursed for 
engines, lighters, &c., 9,000?. He then sold to Saunderson, for 1,325?. 
money down, an annuity to himself of 750?. per annum, and security 
to be given for payment of the rent and annuities. The security 
not being forthcoming, Smith re-entered, and there then ensued the 
disputes which were the subject of the pending reference, [f p."] 

65. List of such persons as have compounded for buildings erected 
in London, contrary to proclamations. They number 447. Among 
them are Sir John Cotton for four hous[es] in Drury Lane. Mr. Scipio 
Le Squire for one house in Long Acre, John Hooker for two tene- 
ments right against the mews, George Prynne for two tenements upon 
the Ferry Bank, Westminster, William Ryplingham for a new building 
in the Angel's Inn in Islington, Mr. Thomas Cavendish for enlarge- 
ment to one house in Long Acre, Edmond Travers for thirteen houses 
in Swan Alley in Blackfriars, Mr. Edward Apsley for three houses 
in Hartshorn Lane, Elizabeth Hambden for one house in King Street, 
Henry Milton for nine houses enlarged by Limehouse, Henry Steven- 
son for six houses by the Ducking Pond, RatcliflF. [12^ pp.] 

66. Note of the values of the houses and gardens on Tower 
HiU and Tower Wharf, belonging to the Office of the Armoury, as 
they may be let at a rack rent. Total, 573?. 5s. [1 p.J 

67. Extract from the Charter of Reading (Rot. Pat. 14 Car. I., 
part 10,) of the clause which constituted the mayor for the time 
being, with the Bishop of Salisbury and his chancellor or commis- 
saries, and the alderman who was the previous and will be the next 
succeeding mayor, to be justices of peace. [Latin, f p.] 

68. Extracts from the Charter of Shrewsbury (Rot. Pat. 14 Car. I., 
part 11,) of the clause which enabled the corporation to elect an 
ensifer or sword bearer, and also of that which constituted the 
mayor, the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and his commissaries 
or chancellor, with the recorder, steward, and the three senior alder- 
men, to be justices of peace. [Latin. 2 J pp^ 

69. Petition of the Mayor, Burgesses, and inhabitants of Yarmouth, 
Isle of Wight, and of the Captain of your Majesty's Castle there, to 
the King. Yarmouth is au ancient port town, consisting only of 
mariners, where, by reason of a haven running in, across the island, 
within about a quarter of a mile of the main sea, your castle is very 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 263 



[1638 q 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

useful both for succour of petitioners and defence of the island, being 
the chief place for landing supplies from the main-land between the 
castles of Yarmouth and Hurst. The parish of Freshwater, by a 
cut overland between the sea and haven, may easily be made an 
island fit to receive the people of the country, their cattle, and sup- 
plies from the maiu, in case of invasion. Petitioners are informed 
that Lady Wainsford [Wandesford ?] has a grant of the said haven, 
and intends that it shall be taken in, whereby the port, town, and 
castle are likely to lose their wonted benefit of shipping, to the 
undoing of petitioners, prejudice of the castle, and advantage of an 
enemy, who landing at Freshwater Gate, may march athwart the 
island and prevent the inhabitants both of their refuge and supplies. 
Pray order that the taking in of the said haven may be for ever 
utterly forborne, [f p."] 

70. Particulars objected by the Mayor and Burgesses of Yarmouth, 
Isle of Wight, against the taking in of Yarmouth Haven. [1 p.] 

71. List of the Lord Lieutenants of certain counties in England. 

72. List of various towns in England and Wales, with directions 
as to the proper mode of addressing letters to them. [1 p.^ 

73. List of the Deputy Lieutenants for the cos. of Hereford and 
Shropshire. [^ p."] 

74. Plan of lands in or near Stickney, Revesby, and Hagnaby, co. 
Lincoln. [SJcin of parchonent.'] 

75. Petition of Philip Bolles to the Commissioners for New Build- 
ings. Having bought of James Clarke a lease of a small tenement 
in St. John's Street, Middlesex, held of one Mr. Campion, as chief 
landlord, at a yearly rent of 51., petitioner is ordered to pay lOl. for 
an ofience committed by Clarke in repairing the said tenement, and 
Campion but 51. Petitioner, in these times of continuing infection 
about the city, is unable to pay otherwise than by imprisonment. 
Pravs to be released from the said fine or that it may be mitigated. 

lip-'] 

76. Minute of the pleasure of his Majesty to grant the wardship 
of George Booth, son and heir of William Booth, deceased, to Sir 
George Booth, grandfather of the said George. [^ p.] 

77. Petition of Thomas Viscount Somerset [?] to the King. Your 
Majesty assured petitioner that he should have satisfaction for his 
pensions and arrearages by some grant of lands, either in lease or 
fee-farm, or by some other means. Prays reference to the Lord 
Treasurer and Chancellor of the Exchequer with commands that the 
same may be performed. [} p.] 

78. Petition of William Forster, of Clerkenwell, gentleman, to the 
same. Petitioner became bound with Sir Charles Howard, one of 



264 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



the sons of the Earl of Suffolk, for Sir Charles's proper debt to divers 
persons, in sums amounting to above 1,000?., and disbursed for him 
2001. more, which in all is much more than petitioner is worth. 
Sir Charles having no lands, but only an interest for term of his life, 
to secure his sureties, made a lease to petitioner and William Compton 
for seven years, if himself lived so long, but he died 3^ years ago, 
there having been little or nothing received towards satisfaction of 
his debts, neither will his friends or kindred take any order for 
payment thereof. Some arrearages of rents may be recovered by 
suit in law, and some relief be obtained by suit in Chancery against 
some of his friends, but petitioner is disabled to follow the same, 
being in daily danger to be imprisoned for the said debts. Prays a 
protection for one year. [| p.] 

79. Petition of Capt. Charles Price to the King. John Price, of 
Manachty, co. Eaduor, lately deceased, having mortgaged a great 
part of the ancient inheritance of his family, entreated petitioner to 
dismortgage the said lands, and to become purchaser thereof for the 
preservation of the ancient estate in the same name and family. 
John Price being infirm in health, made a cautionary will, nominating 
Sir Robert Harley and one Smith, an apothecary, as his executors, 
which bequest was only of trust to pay his debts, and no way in- 
tended to the advantage of the executors. John Price having died, 
Edward Price, brother and heir to the said John, articled with 
petitioner to provide money to redeem the said lands, which he did 
accordingly, and also delivered to the said Edward several sums for 
his own use, but he also dying, the executors of John combined with 
Allan Currance, who had the lands in mortgage, and with the co- 
heirs of the said Edward, to defeat petitioner as well of the said 
bargain as of the money delivered to Edward, pretending that no 
benefit of the testator's estate was ever intended to Edward, nor any 
bargain thereof to petitioner, which pretences are not according to 
truth. Petitioner, being a captain in Ireiland, and thereby disabled 
to undertake a suit in the ordinary course of law, prays reference to 
some honourable personages. [1 p.l 

80. Petition of William Lake to the same. In 1616 your Majesty's 
father granted to petitioner the place of secretary for the Latin 
tongue, in reversion after the death of Mr. Reade. Since Mr. Reade's 
death, petitioner by reason of some opposition could never obtain 
possession Of the said grant or recompense thereof. Prays the rever- 
sion or grant for two lives, such as he shall nominate of the Assurance 
Ofiice, after the death of the two lives now in being, [f 2'-] 

81. Petition of Elizabeth Howard, one of her Majesty's maids of 
honour, to the same. Prays a grant to such person as she shall 
nominate, of the reversion of auditor Tuck's place as one of the 
auditors of the Court of Wards. [| p.] 

82. Petition of George Thornton to the same. John Bacon, 
deceased, being chafewax to the Great Seal about 50 years since. 



DOMESTIC— CHAKLES I. 265 



1 1638 ?] 



Vol, CCCCVIII. 

Kobert Thornton, petitioner's father, married Bacon's daughter and 
succeeded him in the place. Robert Thornton was succeeded by his 
son Robert, who yet lives in the said place, with the reversion to 
Henry Thornton, who is lately dead. Petitioner prays a grant of 
the said reversion in room of his brother Henry and after the death 
of his brother Robert. [| ^j.] 

83. Petition of William Baker to the King. In obedience to your 
reference of the 11th December last, Sir Edward Master and John 
Best, of Canterbury, have examined the matters in the petition 
alleged, and by their report the truth thereof is vindicated. Peti- 
tioner being unwilling to trouble his Majesty further, endeavoured 
to make the address of the referees to the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
but having been obstructed therein and nothing being likely to be 
done for his redress, [he prays the King to discbarge him without 
paying fees, in respect it clearly appears that he was taken and im- 
prisoned for his loyalty and good affection to his Majesty, [f J5-] 

84. Petition of Robert Terwhitt and Charles Trevor, your Ma- 
jesty's servants, to the same. John Evershatt and Thomas Butler, 
of Surrey, have killed one Heynes, of the same county. Pray a 
grant of the forfeiture of their bodies and goods. [| j>.] 

85. Petition of Timothy Tyrell, son of Sir Timothy Tyrell, your 
Majesty's late servant, to the same. Your Majesty conveyed to 
petitioner's father on his death-bed your intentions towards his 
children, by letter of the Earl of Holland, which encouraged peti- 
tioner's mother to strain her poor estate to give petitioner a charge- 
able education abroad, the better to qualify him for your service. 
Prays to be taken into your or the Prince's service, and that the 
Earl of Holland may be your remembrancer, when there is oppor- 
tunity to admit him. [| p.] 

86. Order of Council. James Gresham, on behalf of himself and his 
wife, the widow of Roger Hurst, of Greenwich, brewer, having peti- 
tioned for a royal protection, the Lords declared that they thought it 
not fit to grant the same, but commanded that, according to an order 
of the 28tli December last, an act of their refusal should be entered 
in the Book of Council Causes, that the said petition may be no 
more presented to the Board. [Draft.'] 

87. Petition of Thomas Jeffs, Richard Woodfall, and William 
Jeffs, of Priors Marston, co. Warwick, to the Council. Having for- 
merly petitioned concerning the complaint of Mr. Boldsworth against 
petitioners, the examination thereof was referred to the Solicitor- 
General, who has taken a full hearing thereof, but has not as yet 
made his report, whereby petitioners are still engaged in bond to 
attend the Lords. Pray speedy order for tlieir discharge, [^ p.] 

88. Petition of the inhabitants of St. Neot's, co. Huntingdon, and 
of the watermen upon the river [Ouse] in the said county to the Council. 
Certain sluices have been lately built upon that river by virtue of a 



266 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I, 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



patent granted by King James, whereby the river has become navi- 
gable for transportation of commodities. Your Lordships, out of 
your care for an indifferent toll to be set betwixt his Majesty's 
subjects and John Jackson, who has an assignment of this grant 
ffom the undertaker, gave direction to the judges of assize to certify 
what they thought fit, who accordingly certified that 12d. for a great 
chaldron of coals and rateably for other goods was sufficient, and 
that Jackson was not fit to trade himself, which rates were also 
confirmed by the Earl of Manchester at the suit of the inhabitants 
of St. Ives and others. Since then, on the importunity of Jackson, 
the Earl of Manchester set 15d. upon the great chaldi'on, to continue 
for four years, and then after but 12d., and directed that Jackson 
should keep the sluices in repair, and that all his Majesty's subjects 
might have free passage, paying these rates. Jackson intending 
merely his own private benefit, and to oppress the country by en- 
grossing all manner of traffic by water into his own hands, 
slights these orders, and combines with millers to withhold the 
water, denying passage to petitioners and all others. Pray the 
Lords to take order with Jackson, and that petitioners and all others 
may have fi-ee passage, paying reasonable toll as already set down. 
[Ip.] 

89. Petition of James Eycroft, late pilot and factor of the Eliza- 
beth, of London, to the Council. Upon a complaint of Capt. Kirke, 
grounded upon a misinformation of Capt. Harris, petitioner, by 
your warrant, has been in a messenger's custody about nine weeks, 
and is yet undischarged. Petitioner lately showed that he and his 
wife and children were ready to perish for want of his means in the 
merchants' (hands, being 111^., whereupon you required them to make 
payment, which order they have slighted and given him but one 
20s. Pray some more special command to the merchants for peti- 
tioner's payment. [^ p.'] 

90. Petition of Peter Symon, clerk, to the same. Petitioner 
being engaged as surety for his brother for a debt of 501., lately 
repaired to London to satisfy 101. thereof and to meet his mother, 
when he happened upon two of his neighbourhood who were bound 
over by Sergeant Dendy to attend the Council, petitioner having 
no intention to encourage them in the business for which they were 
questioned. These neighbours entreated petitioner [to go] with them 
to the sergeant's house, to enable him to acquaint their friends where 
they might be found, if restrained of liberty. Petitioner then let 
fall some words that have begotten distaste. Prays the Lords to 
make a favourable construction of what he spoke, and that his im- 
prisonment for almost a week, or any other acknowledgment enjoined 
him, may expiate his offence. [^ p.'] 

91. Petition of Penelope Aston, widow of Sir Arthur Aston, to 
the same. Petitioner had a pension of 501. per annum granted her 
for life in 1627, in consideration of the many services of her late 
husband, who lost his life in the Isle of Rhe. This pension has been 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 267 



[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

ever duly paid to her, and unless continued both she and her daughter 
cannot choose but perish, having no other livelihood. Prays order 
for payment, [f p."] 

92. John Williams, sergeant-at-arms, to the Council. He has 
brought up Sir Michael Greene, who is ready to attend, but Sir Wil- 
liam, his father, being unable to travel without danger of death, 
he has taken the credit of Sir Michael that his father shall be ready 
to appear when commanded, if God give him strength. [^ p.] 

93. Information of Sir Robert Phelipps, or Phillipps, to the same. 
John Boyse, junior, of Mudford, Somerset, refused to take an appren- 
tice assigned to him by Sir Robert Phelipps and other justices of 
peace, and uttered contemptuous and insolent expressions in regard 
thereto, both to the bailiff of the manor and to the Lord Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench at the assizes. [1^ p."} 

94. Petition of Sir Robert Phillipps to the King. Sets forth the 
misconduct of John Boyse the younger, and his especial affronts to 
Sir Robert. Sir Robert had resorted to the Lords of the Council to 
be righted, but after there was an order made for his submission 
and acknowledgment, he was by means made to his Majesty com- 
manded to be discharged. Sir Robert prays that, seeing he received 
these disgraces in discharging his duty to his Majesty's commands, 
he may be repaired either by Boyse's being enjoined to give public 
satisfaction in the country, or that according to the order of the 
Council he may be turned out of his captain's place. [I J p.] 

95. Petition of Cicely Ryman to Sec. Windebank. Petitioner 
having served the Countess of Nottingham for 20 years, at her 
request lent her 300L, which she, not being able to repay, assigned 
to petitioner 3001. out of her pension, payable in the Exchequer. 
Prays order for payment of the said 300L [^ p.] 

96. Petition of John Hammond to the same. Petitioner has title 
by descent from Francis Hammond, his father, deceased, to a messuage 
and 1 4 acres of land in Wokingham, value 201. per annum, but by 
reason of poverty is not able to commence suit for recovery thereof, 
the same being withheld by Paul Dawson, a servant to his Majesty. 
Prays Windebank to send for Dawson and to examine the truth of 
the cause. [1 p.'] 

97. Petition of James Wilsford to the Lord Ti-easurer, Sir Henry 
Vane, and Sir Francis Windebank. Your Lordships having com- 
mitted petitiolier ^to the Gatehouse, he submits himself and prays 
release. [4 p.l 

98. Petition of Richard Bo wen and Dulcia his wife to Sir John 
Lambe, Judge of the Arches. They sued Richard KifBn for 801. 
legacy, given to their daughter Mary Bowen, for which sentence was 
given, but you ordered petitioner Richard to fetch up his wife Dulcia 



268 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



out of Flintshire, near 200 miles, before sentence could be passed. 
The cause has been in suit two years, and petitioner Richard has at- 
tended the same five terms, and spent in journeys and attendance at 
least 101. each time. Pray that good charges may be allowed them, 
else they and the poor " orphan " shall be great losers. [| p."] 

99. Eeasons why Thomas Lord Arundel of Wardour ought not 
now to remit the difference between his son and him to any arbitra- 
ment. If the Lady Blanche, it is asserted, had rightly informed the 
King, he would never have pressed Lord Arundel to submit to 
arbitrament that which is his already by three decrees and three 
great seals. Lord Holland urged the arbitrament upon Lord 
Arundel by direction of the King. The point in dispute related to 
lands leased and bequeathed by Sir Matthew Arundel. Lord 
Arundel had been before urged by the Lord Chamberlain, under the 
directions of the King, to increase the allowance of his son William. 
Lord Arundel had replied that he was so over-burdened with 
debts and interests, and providing portions for his unmarried 
daughters, that he was unable to do so, though he knew his 
son to be in great want with the charge of six or seven young 
children. Lord Arundel asserted that the principal intent of the 
litigation was to protect some hundreds of poor men, under-lessees 
of those lands, as to whom the son had threatened that his father 
should no sooner be dead than he would make entries upon all those 
grants, to the utter undoing of the under-lessees. [2| pp.l 

100. Certificate of Henry Earl of Stamford and eight other justices 
of peace of co. Leicester that they have known Mr. George Pochin 
these many years, and that he has always lived and behaved himself 
in the fashion of a gentleman. [1 p.l 

101. Lawrence Parke to [Sir John Lambe]. Compliments him 
on his love for learning and the kindness which he has shown to 
the tender pupils of the muses. The writer regrets the sterility of 
his own mind, which had not brought forth anything worthy of being 
presented to Sir John, and can only promise payment, but not pay. 
[Latin. J ^.] 

102. William Lenthall to his mother-in-law, Mrs. Evans, of Lod- 
dington. Is sorry that he cannot yield to her request, especially 
since he knows that whilst she is in the house no man will take it. 
Intends to let it or otherwise to keep it in his own hands. Tliat 
place has afforded him so little comfort that he is loth until he had 
settled it to come there. The rates are so infinite that he is ashamed 
he should be so easily worked out of his money. The fault lies not 
in her, and if there wex-e no inconvenience to himself he would be 
glad to do her any courtesy. [1 p.J 

1 03. The same to the same. Entreats her to provide some other 
place for herself, that he may prepare to let it [the house mentioned 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 269 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

in the last article] and make somewhat of that for which he has 
paid most dearly. He intends shortly to see her, and to come into 
those parts. [|- p.] 

104. Information of David Stott, messenger. James Knowles, 
constable of Kingston, came last night to the Hand-in-Hand at 
Kingston, where the messengers are billeted, and took the horse 
of Hugh Peachey, one of the messengers. He was told it was a 
messenger's horse, but he said he would have him. The mes- 
senger came in from Hampton Court to carry letters from the 
Council and had no horse. He gave Peachey nothing for the 
hire, [i p.] 

105. A short breviat taken out of Mr. Lorren's evidences of 
his ancestors and his descent since the 1st Ricliard III. It con- 
cludes with the statement that in Trinity term, 14 Car. 1., 
Thomas " Lorreyne " sued out his ouster le raaine for the manor of 
Kirkharle, Northumberland, " and is now living and is of the age 
of 23 years or thereabouts. This Thomas married Elizabeth, the 
widow of William Bewick, deceased, and sister to Sir Lionel 
Maddison, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne." [If ^j.J 

106. Account of the estate of John Bayley, of Chichester, or some 

other place in Sussex, deceased, as confessed by Styant. 

Total, 2,046/1. 9s. id. ; with a note of the legacies given by the 
pretended will. Mention is made of John Bayley, son of the 
deceased, Bartholomew, John, and Thomas Bajdey, his brother's 
sons, and Moody e, his sister. [Imperfect. 1|- p.] 

107. Bill for jewelry " for the right honourable " Mrs. Porter. 
Two gold pendants for the ears, 12^. ; the like for the neck. Hi. ; 
two gold headpieces, 171. ; two gold bracelets, 171. [f^.] 

108. " The Confession of Faith of the Kirk of Scotland, subscribed 
with a Designation of such Acts of Parlament as are expedient for 
justefying the Vnion, after mentioned, by the King's Majestic and 
his Housholde in the yeare of God 1580, and subscribed by the 
Nobles, Barrons, Gentlemen, Burgesses, Ministers, and Commons, in 
the yeare of God 1638." [Printed copy, Uo. n.p. n.d. 15 pp^ 

109. Paper entitled " A brief collection of the passages of the 
assembly holden at Glasgow, in Scotland, November last, 1638, with 
the deposition of divers bishops, their offences for which they were 
sentenced, and an Index of all the Acts made at the said assembly." 
But this paper is an incomplete copy. It breaks off at the beginnino- 
of the 12th page, just after the Marquis of Hamilton had departed, 
and as the members remaining proceeded to give their votes on the 
question of whether or not they constituted a lawful assembly. 
[10 pp.] 

110. Copy of a pretended speech of the Duke of Lennox, dis- 
suading the King from entering upon a war with Scotland. A copy 



270 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I, 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVm. 



which occurs in Vol. cccxcv., No. 56, was described in the last volume 
of our Calendar, p. 564. The present copy ends with " Finis," as if 
derived from a printed copy. The name "Adam Oxinden " is written 
upon it. [3i pp.] 

111. Another copy of the same speech. [2 J pp.] 

112. Another copy of the same, written in Scottish orthography. 

[lip-] 

113. " Generall demands concerning the late covenant, to be pro- 
pounded to some reverend bretheren who were to recommend it to 
vs and our people." Copy, in manuscript, of a portion of a pamphlet 
stated to be printed at Aberdeen by Edward Eaban, " printer to his 
most excellent Majestie's famous University there," 1638. It contains 
queries to be put to the propounders of the covenant, written by 
some one who deemed the same illegal and unnecessary. [4 pp.l 

. 114. Petition endorsed by Sec. Coke as being that of the "S[c]ot- 
tish minister of Liucolnshire " to the King, Under colour of pre- 
senting his sole daughter to her aged grandmother in Scotland, the 
petitioner offers himself apparently to go to Glasgow as a spy upon 
the proceedings of the General Assembly to be held at that place. 
Prays the King to bestow upon him 601. He concludes with the 
following words, — " Expiscations are expensive." [^ p."] 

1 15. " Ane misseif letter parrafraist in mitter," a Scottish baUad 
on the sudden return of the Marquis of Hamilton to court in 1638. 
Begins — 

" My Lord, your unexpectit post 
To court, maid me to mise 
The happines which I love most, 
Your Lordshipe's handes to kisse." 

Eleven verses of four lines each, the last being — 

" And howsoevir, I remaine 
Your Lordshipe's whil I die. 
And for your glad returne againe 
Your Beidman I shall be." 

[IP.] 

116. Mons. de HasteviUe to Sec. Ouylebeng [Windebank ?]. Is 
aware what bad oiEces have been done him to prevent his being 
enrolled in the number of Windebank's servants. Prays him not to 
regard the calumnies of the writer's enemies, but to have pity on his 
misery. After a long sickness he had been arrested for some 
provisions purchased by him. Prays Mr. Secretary to succour a 
poor stranger. [French. Seal with arms. 1 p.'] 

117. Minute of a representation of the Lord Mayor and Court 
of Aldermen to the Council. For supply of soldiers and sending 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 271 



[1638 ?] Vol. CCCCVm. 

taen to the plantations beyond seas without lawful press, certain 
persons called " Spirritts," by lewd subtilties, entice away youth 
against the consent of their friends, whereby great tumults are raised 
within the city. Pray the Lords to direct some course for suppressing 
them by proclamatioti or otherwise. [J p.] 

118. Petition of Bennett Wright, wife of WiUiam Wright, a 
prisoner under the tyranny of the devilish Turks, to the Council. 
Her husband had been in slavery ever since May 1636, and is like 
miserably to perish, neither she nor her friends being able to pay the 
ransom demanded, being 901. By a former petition she had prayed 

, that he should be ransomed with the ransoms of some of the Turks 
which then lay in Winchester Gaol, but they were since bought by 
Mr. Newland, of the Isle of Wight. Prays the Lords to take some 
order in the premises. [ Underwritten, " Nil." 1 p.^ 

119. Petition of William Hazard, a poor mariner, to the King. 
Petitioner, in 1636, being master and owner of the Trial, of London, 
trading to Romsdal, in Norway, the ship was there seized by 
officers of the King of Denmark upon supposition of not paying fuU 
custom, and petitioner was constrained to enter bond of 1,000 dollars 
for his appearance at Copenhagen with his ship at the Midsummer 
then next, but his detention being so long in Norway, his ship was 
by foul weather cast away, and petitioner was not only undone, but 
disabled to perform the condition of his bond. Afterwards, in 1637, 
petitioner went pilot in the Prosperous to Romsdal, and being 
there ready to sail for his merchant Jacob Isaacson, he was seized 
by Capt. Gran, who would not suffer petitioner to depart until 
Isaacson had entered bond with petitioner for him to appear at the 
parliament at Bergen, which petitioner, by reason of his long deten- 
tion, was no way able to perform. Isaacson is now condemned in 
1,000 dollars, seized upon in Norway and carried into Denmark, 
there to remain prisoner at Copenhagen, and until he be discharged 
petitioner is kept prisoner in England. As petitioner's ship always 
paid her due custom, and he was disabled to make his appearance at 
Bergen owing to the long time Capt. Gran detained him, he prays let- 
ters to the King of Denmark for releasing of Isaacson and discharging 
petitioner from his appearance. [ I p.'] 

120. Note of the capture of the Salisbury, a fishing buss of the 
Lord Chamberlain, master Krint Pawlson, a Dutchman, taken by 
Capt. Lawrence Brewer, of Newport, from whom the buss was after- 
wards taken by a Holland man-of-war of Flushing. The total loss 
was estimated at 1,4 OOZ., to which was to be added 829?. 9s. 7d. 
unsatisfied of a former demand of 1,200L, which makes the whole 
damage now to be repaired by the Dunkirkers 2,229Z. 9s. 7d. [1 p.'] 

121. List of places in the English Channel and the Narrow Seas 
where foreigners have struck to the English [flag], with a reference 
in every case mentioned to the page of some book upon the subject. 



272 DOMESTIC — OHAELES I. 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 



122. Petition of Giovamii ISicolo de Franclii, gentleman, of Genoa, 
to the King. Petitioner, after 18 months' stay out of his own country, 
expected an end of a suit between him and Capt. Stuart, depending 
in the Court of Delegates. By a letter of Sec. Wiiidebank the Court 
of Delegates is inhibited to proceed any further in the said cause, 
and no time nor place appointed where the cause shall be heard. 
Prays his Majesty to take pity on a poor stranger, and to appoint 
a course of speedy justice, whereby petitioner may be delivered out 
of this languishing misery. [ I p-l 

123. Petition of the same to the same. Petitioner has been near two 
years in suit with Capt. Walter Stuart, and the present term hastens 
to an end, and nothing yet done by the Lords Adjuncts and the 
Judges Delegates. Petitioner beseeches your Majesty to command 
that the cause be forthwith brought to an end. [1 p.} 

124. Petition of the same to the same. Petitioner obtained a 
definite sentence some four months since in the Court of Admiralty, 
after an appeal made to the Judges Delegates and the Lords 
Adjuncts against Capt. Walter Stuart, for restitution of ten chests 
of silver. Petitioner, at the intercession of the Lord Admiral and 
Sir Henry Marten, granted to Capt. Stuart two prorogations of time 
upon his promising either to pay in the money or to give better bail, 
neither of which he has performed. Petitioner prayed the Lord 
Chamberlain's leave to put the sentence in execution against the 
captain, but the Lord Chamberlain desired respite for the said 
captain till Sunday last past. In regard of the absence of the Lord 
Chamberlain, petitioner prays your Majesty's leave that he may go 
on with the execution of the sentence. [1 p.] 

125. Petition of the same to the same. Capt. Stuart has submitted 
himself to the sentence of appeal given in July last by the Judges 
Delegates and Lords Adjuncts, in paying the costs of suit and en- 
treating the Lord Admiral and others to intercede for respite of the 
principal, first till Michaelmas and then tillAllhallows. The captain 
has now made suit to your Majesty for a revision, to drive petitioner 
by these delays to despair. Petitioner has also of late been assaulted 
by a false instrument forged in Spain, with a new lawsuit of 10,000?. 
Petitioner, in the heaviness and anguish of his soul, prays your 
Majesty to redeem a poor stranger, after two years languisliing, from 
utter ruin, and to cut off these vexatious delays, there being no 
precedent that ever any revision was granted in a cause sentenced 
by the Lords of the Council, and to grant leave to petitioner to use 
such means as in execution of sentences are usually permitted. 
[Ip.] 

126. Petition of John Bourgoing, a Frenchman, to the Council. 
Ever since his coming from Dunkirk, which was three years ago, with 
Sir John Wentworth, he has lived in this kingdom, and so is minded 
to continue, and to employ himself and his little estate he has for his 
maintenance. Prays leave to buy or hire a French bark of the burthen 
of 50 tons, and to man the same with French mariners, to be bound for 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES J. 273 



[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

Spain, and to bring thence oranges, lemons, and other commodities, and 
in respect to carry money to buy those commodities is not bore allow- 
able, he prays permission to carry hence green and dry codfish to the 
value of 2001., and that the Lords would grant him their warrant of 
safe-conduct. [| p."] 

127. Anonymous application to the King that his Majesty would 
hear the writer speak. Within half a quarter of an hour he will 
discover to his Majesty the best matter that ever was presented to 
him or any of his predecessors. It is one of the secrets of God 
revealed to very few. [jEndorsed, perhaps by the King, " A rare 
secrett." 9 lines.] 

128. Docquet of a grant from the Queen to Kobert Long to be 
her surveyor and woodward general, with the annual fee of 30^. and 
all other fees belonging to that oiSce during pleasure. [4 lines.'] 

12.9. List of gifts given to the poor and other good and charitable 
uses, but which have lain unclaimed or have been misappropriated, 
with brief specification of the objects for which they were given. 
[2 pp.] 

130. Particulars respecting the number of messengers in attendance 
upon the Lord Treasurer, and the changes that have taken place 
in their number and establishment since King James I. reduced the 
number from 100 to 40. [| p.] 

131. Account of the rate of commons and diet for prisoners in the 
Fleet from a lord downwards. There was allowed for the commons 
of a lord, weekly, 33s. id. ; and for a knight or D.D., 18s. Qd. ; for 
an esquire or gentleman, 10s. ; for a yeoman, 5s. [1 p.] 

132. Description of the person of Capt. Giron, who came to Ports- 
mouth Harbour in a small French bark laden with apples, for inser- 
tion in a warrant [for his apprehension] to be directed to Capt. 
James, Deputy Vice- Admiral of Portsmouth. [|- p.] 

133. Note by M. De Vic, intended for Sec. Windebank, by whom 
it is endorsed. To put his Majesty in mind of De Vic's suit to be one 
of the clerks extraordinary of his Council. To know his pleasure 
for De Vic's going into the [State] Paper and other offices for fur- 
therance of his collection. To present to him the memorial delivered 
to Sec. Windebank concerning French business. [^ p.] 

134. Account by Hugh Campion of quit-rents received at Michael- 
mas 1637 for the manor of AUfarthing, Surrey; also receipts in 1638 
for lops of trees ; 65 loads at 5s. per load is 161. 5s., deducting the 
charge for lopping and fagotting at IM. per load is 31. 15s. lOd., and 
tithes ll. is. lOd., leaves due to my master for wood 1 1 1, is. id. [1 p.] 

135. Particular of lands of Lord Fitzwilliam in Castor, Ey Is worth 
[Ailesworth], and Sutton Meadow, all in co. Northampton. The 

13. s 



274 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVni. 



acreage was 1,127 acres 2 roods, the rents S131. 17s. lid [ETidorsed, 
" Sir John Hanbury's particular." 1 ^.] 

136. Copy thereof with some variations. [1 ^.] 

137. Particular of a lease holden of the Dean and Chapter of 
Peterborough of the manors of Castor, Ailesworth, and Sutton, 
CO. Northampton. [1 j3.] 

138. Copy of the same. [Ijj3.j 

139. Particular of the manor of Eotherstborpe, co. Northampton, 

140. The like of lands of Sir Lewis Pemberton, of Eushden, co. 
Northampton. [1 p.] 

141. The like of the manor of Baynton, co. Oxford. [■|i'-] 

142. The like of the house and lands of Brookemans, at North 
Mimms, co. Hertford. [1 ^.] 

143. The like of Tuetingham [Twickenham] Park, with some 
calculations as to the value by Sir John Lambe. [1 ^.] 

144. Copy thereof without Sir John Lambe's additions. [fjs.J 

145. Particular of Gaines Park, near Epping, Essex. [1 ^.] 

146. Notes by Sir John Lambe on the value thereof, [^p.] 

147. Particular of Lawling Hall, Dengie hundred, Essex. [1 jp.] 

148. Particular of the manor of Bassetsbury, in High Wycombe, 
Bucks, held of the church of Windsor at the rent of 911. 19s. Id. 
per annum. Among other items it includes " A paper mill called 
Lowdwater MUl, newe built, let for .50i." [= 3| pp^ 

149. Account of Sir Thomas Coningsby, late sheriff of co. Hertford, 
of bis collection of ship-money under writs dated 19th September 
1637. The sum assessed on every parish is here stated, together 
with the amoimt received and that remaining unpaid. The total 
assessment was 4,000Z., of which 200i. was charged upon the 
boroughs (120i. on St. Albans, 65J. on Hertford, and 25Z. on Berk- 
hampstead); of the 3,800?. remaining, 3,384L lis. hd. had been 
collected, and 415L 8s. Id. remained unpaid. [9 pf^ 

1 50. Petition of Theobald Maurice to the King. It is easy to 
keep salmon fresh and in its natural goodness a long time by a new 
invention, so that it may be transported out of England, Scotland, 
and Ireland into all other parts. Prays a privilege for 15 years for 
dressing and preserving salmon, and that none other use petitioner's 
invention upon pain of 500?., one third to your Majesty, another to 
the informer, and the remainder to petitioner ; and that the profits 
of the invention may be employed for transporting into a colony in 
the West Indies or other remote parts such as shall desire the same, 
and [so] lay the foundation of a plantation in the name and behalf 
of your nephew the Prince Elector Palatine, [f ^.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 275 



[1638 ?] 



Vol. CCCCVm. 

151. Letters testimonial that William Harris, of Bristol, merchant, 
is sworn to his Majesty, and made free of the Society of the Fishing 
of Great Britain, Scotland, and Ireland, and the isles thereof, as an 
adventui-er, wherefore it is his Majesty's pleasure that you suffer the 
said William Harris to pass in all places without any stay. \_IIn- 
signed. | p.] 

152. Reasons why there should be a prohibition of the importation 
of French salt, and allowance of Spanish and Portugal, paying the 
duty on it. The object of this paper is the encouragement of the 
home manufacture of salt and the depreciation of the French salt, 
as containing more sand, dirt, and filth than the salt of Spain and 
Portugal, and as generally imported in French ships. {Printed 
broadside. = 2 pp."] 

153. Statement of causes of complaint against Jacob Brames, 
customer at Sandwich and Dover, some of which were the subject of 
proceedings against him in the Star Chamber. The paper contains 
many particulars illustrative of the trade carried on at the ports 
mentioned. [1^ p.'] 

154. Petition of the gentlemen ushers, daily waiters, to the King. 
Having attained this place by your Majesty's favom: and their long 
attendance, they have now for a year and four months suffered the 
want of their diet to their great expense in providing the same for 
themselves and their servants, none of their predecessors having ever 
suffered the like. Pray that their sufferings may not be recorded to 
posterity, but that the consideration thereof may be referred to the 
Lords Commissioners of the Household. [^ p.] 

155. Petition of the four pages of his Majesty's presence in ordi- 
nary to the same. In the time of Queen Elizabeth petitioners were 
allowed their diets in the waiters' chamber, but in King James's 
time, by reason of an overplus of gentlemen then admitted, two of 
petitioners were put to board-wages, and since, about eight years, 
none of them have received either diet or board-wages. In the time 
of Queen Elizabeth and King James petitioners made the beds, and 
swept the privy chamber, and made all things decent against their 
Majesties' coming forth, which service was performed by Mr. Coats, 
page to Queen Elizabeth, and now page to her Majesty in ordinary, and 
by Thomas Bartholomew, formerly page and now groom to your Ma- 
jesty, but since your Majesty's coming to the crown it has been done 
by an extraordinary page sworn about five years since. Petitioners 
having but 40s. a year wages, pray that they may be settled in their 
places and services as formerly. {Endorsed by the King, "The 
pages of the presence." | ^J.] 

156. Petition of his Majesty's Sergeant-Trumpeter with twenty- 
six of his fellows to the Lords Commissioners for the Household. 
There is due to petitioners since his Majesty's coming to the crown 
for board-wages at 4cZ. per day the sum of lOOZ. and upwards. 
Petitioners have general debentures for the same in the time when 

s 2 



276 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I, 

[1638?] 



Vol, CCCCVIII. 



Sir Henry Vane was cofferer. Pray directions for speedy payment. 

Up-] 

157. Petition of John Penruddock to Archbishop Laud. Peti- 
tioner stands in question in the Court of High Commission for 
having incurred liis Majesty's displeasure by being present at the 
marriage of Lord D'Aubigny and Lady Katherine Howard, at which 
petitioner affirms he was neither by way of presumption nor con- 
tempt, but was ignorant that the same was unlicensed. Prays 
pardon. [| p.] 

158. Remonstrance of Edmond Bradshaw, prisoner in the Fleet, 
to the Council, lie negotiated the affairs of the crown of Morocco, 
and took away the obstacle of the first making and detaining the 
English captives by this present King's father, and that under orders 
of his Majesty and the Council he negotiated a peace and liberty for 
the captives, as appears by the letter he brought from the King of 
Morocco, dated 22nd May 1637, whicli is not at variance with the 
letter which that King's ambassador brought dated in September last. 
Petitioner prays the Council to take him into their consideration in 
regard that in this negotiation he has spent much money, beside long- 
time and travel, receiving no return but trouble, sickness, and dis- 
grace. [1 p.] 

169. Reasons for disafforesting Deane Forest. The furnaces and 
forges at present employed in the iron works will exhaust the wood 
in less than 20 years, and the land will not then be worth more than 
5001. per annum. The present projectors offer a perpetual rent of 
4,000Z. per annum secured on land of their own, if the King will 
grant them the forest in fee-farm. [3 pp.J 

160. Petition of Thomas Mynne, Knight-harbinger to his Majesty, 
to the King. He has often complained to the late and present King 
that he cannot rightly exercise his office, because the treasurer and 
comptroller of the Household put in and out such gentlemen and 
yeomen harbingers as they please, without petitioner's liking, and 
contrary to the order made at the greencloth by command of King 
James, Lord KnoUys and Lord Wottoa being then treasurer and 
comptroller of the Household ; and the treasurer and comptroller do 
not desist from chopping and changing harbingers, the commissioners 
for reformation of the Household now sitting. The Lord Chamberlain 
commanded the knight-harbinger to attend at Downton, for that it 
was his Majesty's pleasure, which being made known to one Stone, 
lately put to be a gentleman harbinger without the consent of the 
knight-harbinger, he refused to give obedience to the knight- 
harbinger therein. Petitioner prays that he may prefer another in 
Stone's place, and that the gentlemen and yeomen harbingers may 
be sworn by the officers below stairs, and that he may enjoy his 
office according to his grant and the order of the greencloth before 
mentioned. [| p."] Underwritten, 

160. I. It was ordered 7th February 1603-4, by Lord KnoUys 
and Lord Wotton, that Sir Edmond Gary, according to 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 277 



[1638?] V0L.CCCCVIII. 

his Majesty's grant, should enjoy the said offi.ce of knight- 
harbinger, omd as any place should be void therein, 
shou Id present to the white staves such as he should think 
meet, and that by vjarrant from him they should receive 
their allowance. {Copy. ^ p.^ 

161. Minute of a letter to be -written by the Council to the Lord 
Lieutenants as by direction of the King, containing suggestions for 
remedying the great defects in tbe horse companies of the trained 
bands. It is directed that the younger sons or brothers of gentlemen, 
and the sons of farmers, may be enrolled in these companies, that 
the companies shall be disciplined by well-qualified and expe- 
rienced persons, and that the great want of powder shall be supplied. 
[1^.] 

162. Numbers of the trained bands of the several counties of 
England and Wales, collected the 9th February 1637-8. The total 
number was 93,718 foot and 5,239 horse. [=2 ^2^.] 

163. Petition of Elizabeth Maria, Viscountess Dowager of Falk- 
land, to the King. Your suppliant, though she have the possession 
of the jointure of Aldenham and right of redemption (it having 
been mortgaged to Edward Wj'mark, and, as she conceives, all the 
moneys laid out upon the said mortgage repaid both principal and 
interest out of the rents), yet she can receive no rents nor keep 
court there. The heir of Wymark having, as she is informed, given 
up the mortgage to your Majesty, which you have promised to 
bestow upon the four younger daughters of Viscount Falkland, 
petitioner is willing to pay them 2,800?. in lieu thereof, though she 
supposes there is nothing due. Prays that the Lord Keeper may 
certify to the King the state of the case in chancery, and that her 
nephew Gary and Mr. Williams, the latter whom she supposes to 
desire her destruction out of hate to her late husband, may make 
the land over to her as it was made over to Wymark. She is not 
able to wage law with Williams, not having bread for herself and 
her family. She has 5001. a year allotted by your Majesty and the 
Council, due from her husband's estate, which amounts to 4,000?,, 
but has never received but one 2501. for one half-year's allowance. 
If this be not speedily ended she protests she and her children 
cannot avoid starving. [^ p.] 

164. Petition of Ann Gary, second daughter of Henry, late Vis- 
count Falkland, to the same. Petitioner's father at his death had 
1,900?. due from your Majesty, which he bestowed on petitioner, 
she having nothing else left her to live upon. She has often peti- 
tioned for payment, which your Majesty has as often expressly 
commanded, but she has obtained no part thereof, save only 200?., 
so as for almost five years she has been driven to great necessity, 
and to live upon her mother, who is in such extremity herself as 
tl)at for a good while she has lived upon charity. Petitioner not 
knowing where to have bread or clothes, and her mother not being 
able longer to relieve her, she prays the King to take some speedy 
course with the Lord Treasurer to make payment of this mouej', 
200?. of it being to pay some debts of her father's, [f p.'] 



278 DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 

[1638 ?J 



Vol. CCCCVni. 



" A description of the walls of the town of Newcastle-upon-Tyne," 
being a plan drawn to scale of the whole circuit of the walls, and in- 
dicating the situation and character of the gates and towers, with 
drawings, also, of the castle and churches. [Skin of parchment. 
See Case E. Dom. Car. I., No. 9.] 

165. Suggestions on the ways by which the needful charge for 
fortifying Newcastle-upon-Tyne may be raised in Newcastle itself. 
The principal propositions are for the application to this purpose, as 
long as need shall be, of the tax of 2(Z. per chaldron laid upon all ships 
carrying coals from Newcastle or Sunderland, with a tax upon 
brewers, and a contribution from the adjacent counties of North- 
umberland and Durham. [1 J j9-] 

166. State of the cause between his Majesty's Alnager, collector 
and farmer of the subsidies of the new draperies and of felts, 
and the Corporation of Feltmakers of London, now depending 
in the Exchequer. In 1612, 1613, and 1614 three decrees were 
made in the Exchequer, with consent of the late Duke of Richmond 
and Lenox and the Feltmakers, settling the fees to be paid for 

, searching and sealing felts and beavers. Before they could be put 
in execution the Duke, Mr. Hadsor, his counsel, and one Banister, 
master of the corporation, all died. The corporation refused to be 
bound by these decrees. The present suit is instituted by the 
Attorney- General and the present Duke of Lenox against the Felt- 
makers for confirming the decrees, and his Majesty is prayed to 
recommend the cause to the special consideration of the Judges of the 
Exchequer. [1 ^.] 

-167. Petition of Walter Montagu to the King. About eleven 
years since your Majesty granted petitioner a patent for erecting an 
office for registering original writs, which office was to prevent many 
abuses. The patent passed your Majesty's signature, the Signet and 
Privy Seal, and was brought to the Great Seal, but as yet is not 
sealed. Petitioner prays that the Lord Keeper, Lord Privy Seal, 
the Earl of Dorset, and Lord Chief Justice Finch may certify 
whether the same be fit to pass or no. [| |>.] 

168. Petition of Alexander Leighton, prisoner in the Fleet, to the 
same. Petitioner being aged, much distressed, and sick, and going now 
in the ninth year of a hard imprisonment, and the sixty-eighth year 
of his miserable days, is fallen lameish in his limbs, and defective in 
his hearing and sight, having the charge of a weak wife and six 
children, all unprovided for, besides all which, and the sharp inflictions 
he has suffered, the clerk of the Fleet on 19th February last caused 
him by force and violence to be dragged from a poor little ruinous 
chamber, for which he has paid full dear, to the common gaol, the 
loathfulness and nastiness whereof he dare not specify to your 
Majesty, where he is shut up with other poor wretches from any place 
of retiring, though daily like to be stifled in it ; and this was done 
without any order showed. By which violent dealing petitioner was 
so bruised in his body that thereby, together with the vilenesa and 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 279 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCCVIII. 

unhealthfulness of the place, he fell into a burning fever, the pain- 
ful symptoms whereof remaining he is like to perish therein except 
your Majesty relieve him. And further, to add to his misery, some 
of the timber of the gaol falling down (which had slain petitioner 
if the Lord had not miraculously delivered him), and the rest being 
taken down, he was forced to lie long under the rain, amongst the 
rubbish, from which he is not suffered to breathe in the air, and the 
ruinousness of the place still seems daily to threaten death, yet 
cannot your petitioner prevail to be brought out of it, nor yet for 
free access of those that woiild come to him, by which means he is 
debarred of practice in his calling, which might help the subsistence 
of him and his family. The pretended ground of aU this dealing 
they affirm to be keeping of conventicles, and publishing of something 
new, of both which petitioner is cleared partly by his neighbour 
prisoners, partly even by the evidence of such as were brought against 
him, and would clear himself by oath if admitted to his defence. 
Petitioner entreats your Majesty, by all the rich mercies of the Lord 
Jesus Christ, that as an angel of God you would pity his distressed 
case and his poor family, and command his deliverance, that he may 
give up his last breath in some poor cottage in liberty, by your 
Majesty's favour, or at least for saving his life for the present, to 
give order to replace him in his chamber, where if he be found 
offensive by any proof he will refuse no suffering, [f pi] 

169. Petition of Theodosia Lady Tresham, wife of Sir William 
Tresham, to the King. Petitioner has obtained three commands from 
your Majesty to her husband, for repayment of her portion of 4,000Z, 
in respect he lives not with her, to which he still yields no obedience, 
but relies upon his friends, of whom he has now taken his leave, 
and has made himself ready to go into Flanders, where he enjoys 
2,000Z. per annum, by being colonel under the Prince of that country. 
Besides he has here in England a good estate in the hands of his brother, 
Sir Lewis Tresham. By reason they could never seduce petitioner 
from God's church is the cause why she undergoes this oppression 
from her husband, who allows her so small means that she is not able 
to pay your Majesty's officers their fees. Prays the King to grant his 
superscription to the royal command underwritten, and petitioner 
having received her portion will not fail to be accountable to his 
Majesty's officers to their fuU content. [^ p.] Underwritten, 

169. I. Suggested royal command, simila/r in form to those 

written under other petitions of Lady Tresham. See 
Vol. cccxcii.. No. 66, i. This petition was probably pre- 
sented in July 1638. [J p.] 

1 70. Petition of divers Ministers of God's Word in and about the city 
of London and elsewhere to the same. Your Majesty, out of your re- 
ligious zeal for conserving the Church committed to your charge in 
peace, published both a proclamation and a declaration prohibiting all 
opinions either against or besides the orthodoxal grounds of religion 
expressed in the Articles. Your Majesty's said edicts are so intei-preted 
as we are deterred from preaching those saving doctrines of God's free 



280 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 

[1638 ?] 



Vol. GCCCVIII. 



grace in election and predestination, which confirm our faith of 
eternal salvation and fervently kindle our love to God, as the l7th 
Article expressly mentions ; so as we are brought into a great strait, 
either of incurring God's displeasure, or of being censured for 
violators of your Majesty's acts, if we preach these constant doctrines 
of our Church, and confute the Pelagian and Armenian heresies, 
which are both preached and printed boldly without fear of censure ; 
as if the saving doctrines of Christ were prohibited and these impious 
heresies privileged. We beseech your Majesty to take into your con- 
sideration these evils and grievances, and as a wise physician apply 
such remedies as may secure the peace of Church and Commonwealth. 
\_End(yi'sed by Archbishop Land, " The copie of the intended petition 
about liberty of preaching predestination, &c., as it was delivered me 
by Mr. P." [i|).] 

171. Copy of the same made by William Dell, secretary to 
Archbishop Laud, and examined and endorsed by the Archbishop. 

172. Petition of Thomas Rogers, prisoner in the King's Bench, 
to the Council. Petitioner about 14 years now past was apprehended 
and brought to Northampton Gaol ; at the assizes following, the 
oath being tendered him, he was convicted in a premunire, and 
kept in the gaol 11 years at the King's suit [upon] the premunire, 
but was never charged with any other matter. Albeit on Ash- 
wednesday three years past the mayor came w ith his officers and 
carried away all petitioner's books and writings, thinking thereby 
to have brought him into danger. By which means petitioner was 
removed to the Gate-House, where he was prisoner three years, 
being close prisoner one year and five months, until the plague time, 
when he was let forth with many others who had the plague. 
Petitioner being kept without due diet, fire, candle, and clothing, he 
was forced to petition this honourable table, whereupon Mr. Weekes, 
the keeper, procured him to be removed to the King's Bench, where 
he is a prisoner at the King's suit only, being so poor that he is not 
able to pay for his lodging, nor provide himself diet, apparel, fire, 
nor any other necessary, but must perish except you commiserate 
him. Prays to be set at liberty, or to have his Majesty's allowance 
as he has had for many years past. [1 p."] 

173. Petition of Peter Fogg, a lamentable poor man, that has 
been a long time kept out of his estate of the value of 1,000Z. per 
annum by one John Cock, to the Council. Petitioner about five 
years past was admitted tenant as sole heir to lands in Saham Toney, 
Norfolk, of the yearly value of 1,000L, by John Cock, steward of the 
Court, and an attorney of the Common Pleas, who persuaded peti- 
tioner to go to trial with Robert Younge and others who held parcel 
of the lands from petitioner. Sets forth at great length the alleged 
misconduct of Cock in his proceedings against Younge, and his 
being ultimately called to account for the same before Lord Chief 
Justice Finch, and Cock's non-fulfilment of his Lordship's order, 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 281 



[1638?] 



Vol. CCCGVIII. 

whereby lie now stood in manifest contempt. Prays the Lords]|to 
have Cock brought before them by messenger to answer hLs contempt. 
[] j3.] Annexed, 

173. I. Oertificate of John Bierley and four others, parishioners 
of St. Andrew's, Holborn, and St. Giles's in the Fields, in 
support of the petition of Peter Fogg, gardener. Recites 
the facts stated in the petition in some respects at greater 
length than in the petition. [1 p.'] 

iV't. Memorandum thatTliomas Symonds, late Mayor of Hereford, 
had paid to Sir William Russell 7ol. in part of the ship-monej' for 
that city. 1101. remained unreceived, of which Sol. was due from the 
Cathedral Close, the inhabitants of which paid to the sheriff of the 
county. [Underwritten, "Henry Melling, the new mayor." ^ p-J 

175. Certificate or undertaking of WiUiam Clobery to supply 
Barbary saltpetre, and respecting the sum due to him for freight of 
ships taken for the expedition to Eochelle, already calendared under 
date of 24th February 1637-8. [Coinj. i p.'] 

176. Memorandum of Sir John Lambe that the vicarage of Rat- 
cliffe-[on-Wreak, co. Leicester], of the value [in the King's books] of 
*!l. 15s., was vacant by the death of John Richardson. [2 lines.'] 

177. Advice respecting measures to be taken for restoring the 
Artillery Company to its former efficiency. The company continued 
to flourish for about 24 years. On the death of Captain Henry 
Waller a dispute arose between the company and the Lord Mayor 
respecting the appointment of the captain. The Council, the King 
being present, determined that neither the Lord Mayor nor the com- 
pany should have thereafter the choice of the captain, nor any other 
of the officers, but that their election should be wholly reserved to 
his Majesty, the treasurer excepted, who was to be elected by the 
company. This order was dated 18th April 1632. Since that order 
the company has fallen oflP, until it now has only the name of a com- 
pany, but is none. For reuniting the company it is suggested that 
his Majesty should grant them the privileges they formerly enjoyed, 
or confer the same upon the Lord Mayor, or that the company should 
present three, of whom his Majesty should nominate one, or that he 
should give the company some peculiar privileges which may invite 
men. The entertainment of the captain should not be less than 10s. 
per diem. [3 ^p.] 

178. Offer of Mary Baker, at her own charge, to convey the waters 
which serve Whitehall, Somerset House, and the Star Chamber, fi'om 
the springs, in a drain of brick, until it comes above the houses at 
Piccadilly, and from thence in leaden pipes to the receptacles whence 
the pipes are laid to Whitehall. The workmen to be nominated by 
the Surveyor-General. With underwritten undertaking of Sir James 
Oxinden that Mrs. Baker should perform this offer if it were accepted. 

Up-'] 



282 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 



EETUENS MADE BY JUSTICES OF PEACE, 

From 1st July to 31st December 1638 ; 

Most of them relating to Measures for Relief of the Poor, taken in pursiumce 
of the King's Booh of Orders and the Instructions of the Council. 



Date. 



For -what Place. 



Nature of Document. 



Reference to Document. 



1638. 
July 2. 

July 2. 



July 4. 

July 5. 
Julys. 
July 6. 
July 9. 

July 10. 

July 12. 
July 12. 

July i4. 



Hundreds of Eyhome 
and Maidstone, Kent. 

Lower division of lathe 
of Sutton at Hone, 
Kent. 



Rape of Arundel, Sussex 



Hundreds of Colyton 
and Axminster, Devon 



"Wildish division ofPe- 
vensey rape, Sussex. 



Hundreds of Copthome 
andEfSngham, Surrey. 



Hundreds of Freebridge 
Lynn, Freetridge 
Marshland, and Clack- 
close, Norfolk. 



Hundred of Cosford, 
Suffolk. 



Hundred of Samford, 
Suffolk. 

District in the hundred 
of Salford, Lancashire, 
comprising Bury, 
Elton, Walmersley, 
Heap, Tottington, and 
Radcliffe. 

Hundreds of Loes, Wil- 
ford, Thredliug, and 
Plomesgate, within 
the liberty of St. 
Etheldred, Suffolk. 



Certificate of Justices of Peace 
of apprentices hound out. 

Justices of Peace to Judges of 
Assize. Certificate of appren- 
tices bound and rogues punished 
since the last assizes, 12 June 
1637. 

Certificate of Justices of Peace 
of conformity with Book of 
Orders, with names of appren- 
tices put out and rogues pun- 
ished. 

Similar certificate of apprentices 
and vagrants since the Lammas 
Assizes 1637. 

Similar certificate of general con- 
formity with the Book of 
Orders. 

Similar certificate of apprentices 
and vagrants since 16th Feb- 
ruary 1637-S. 

Justices of Peace to Judges of 
Assize. Certificate of confor- 
mity with the Statute of 43rd 
Elizabeth and the Book of 
Orders. 

Certificate of Justices of Peace of 
general conformity to the Book 
of Orders. 

The like certificate. 



Certificate of the like of present- 
ments at their monthly meetings 
from 22nd March 1637-8 to 
this day. 



Certificate of the like of general 
conformity to the Book of 
Orders. 



Vol. cccxcv., No. 10. 1 p. 

Ibid., No. 11. 2 pp. 

Ibid., No. 18. IJp. 

Ibid., No. 21. 2^ pp. 

Ibid., No. 22. ip. 

Ibid., No. 24. f p. 
Ibid., No. 32. 1 p. 

Ibid., No. 35. J p. 

Ibid., N-o. 45. 1 p. 
Ibid., No. 46. 1 J p. 

Ibid., No. 55. J p. 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



283 



Returns made by Justices of Peace. 



Date. 



Por what Place. 



Nature of Document. 



Reference to Document. 



1638. 
July 16. 



July 16. 



July 16. 



July 16. 
Devon, 



July 26. 
July 31. 



July 31. 
[July ?] 

[July ?] 

[July ?] 

[July? J 
[July?] 



Hundred of Wangford, 
Suffolk. 



Hundreds of Carlford 
and Colneis, Suffolk. 



Hundred of Hartismere, 
Suffolk. 

Hundreds of Hayridge, 
Bampton, Hallierton, 
Tiverton, ^'and Hem- 
yock, Devon. 

Hundreds of Soutli 
Erpingham andEyns- 
ford, Norfolk. 

Hundred of Amounder- 
ness, CO. Lancaster. 



Parishes of Oldham and 
Ashton - under - Ljne, 
CO. Lancaster. 

Places -with the Petty 
Sessions held at Ponl- 
ton, CO. Lancaster. 



Western Division 
Surrey. 



of 



Hundreds of Eadfield, 
ChUford, and Whittles- 
ford, CO. Cambridge. 



Hundreds of Cheveley, 
Staine, Staploe, and 
Fiendish, co. Cam- 
bridge. 

Hundreds of Eeigate 
andTandridge, Surrey. 



Certificate of Justices of Peace of 
presentments made to them at 
their meetings since the last 
assizes. 

Justices of Peace to the Sheriff. 
Certificate of conformity to the 
Book of Orders. 

Similar certificate. 



Certificate of Justices of Peace. 
General conformity with the 
requirements of the Book of 
Orders. 

The like certificate. 



Justices of Peace to Sir George 
Vernon and Sir Robert Berke- 
ley, Judges of Assize. Return 
of presentments made at their 
meetings on the 2nd April, 
and the 3rd, 9th, and 31st July 
1638. 

The like to the same. Similar 
return of presentments made 
10th April and 31st July 1638. 

Return by Justices of Peace of 
presentments made 23rd April, 
14th May, 11th June, 2nd and 
23rd July 1638. 

Justices of Peace to Sir Erancis 
Crawley and Sir Richard 
Weston, Judges of Assize. 
Certificate in reference to the 
several particulars mentioned 
in the Book of Orders. 

The like to the Sheriff of the 
county. General certificate of 
conformity to the Book of 
Orders since the assizes held 
1 st March last. 



The like, to Sir John Bramston 
and Sir George Croke, Judges 
of Assize. Similar return from 
the same time. 



The like to Sir Francis Crawley 
and Sir Richard Weston, 
Judges of Assize. Return of 
numbers of apprentices put out 
and rogues punished. 



Vol. cccxcv., No. 61. %p. 



Ibid., No. 62. J p. 



Ibid., No. 63. |/>. 



Ibid., No. 64. fp. 



Ibid., No. 90. I p. 



Ibid., No. 105. Parch- 
ment roll. = 4 pp. 



Ibid., No. 106. 
like. =2 pp. 



The 



Ibid., No. 112. Incom- 
plete. = 14J pp. 



Ibid., No. 113. 



3ipp. 



Ibid., No. 1 14. I p. 



Ibid., No. 1 15. 



Ibid., No. 116. Ip. 



284 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



Ketuens made by Justices of Peace. 



Date. 



For what Place. 



Nature of Document. 



Reference to Document. 



1638. 
[July ?] 

[July ?] 
[July ?] 
[July ?] 

Aug. 3. 



Aug. 10. 



Aug. 18. 



Aug. 20. 



[Aug. ?] 



[Sept. 16.] 



Sept. 20. 



Sept. 30. 



Various hundreds of 
Kent. 

5 The like of Sussex. 

The like of Surrey. 

The like of co. Hertford. 



Rochdale division of co. 
Lancaster. 



Bolton division of co. 
Lancaster. 



Hundred of Leyland, co. 
Lancaster. 



Hundred of Lonsdale, 
CO. Lancaster. 



South part of East 
Division of Devon. 



Hundreds of Wonford 
West, West Budleigh, 
and Crediton, Devon. 



Borough of St. Alban's. 



Liberty of St. Alban's, 
CO. Hertford. 



Abstract of certificates delivered 
in at the Summer Assizes 1638. 

The like. 

The like. 

The like. 



Justices of Peace to Sir George 
Vernon and Sir Robert Berke- 
ley, Judges of Assize. Return 
of presentments made at their 
meetings from 6th April last 
to this day. 



Certificate of Justices of Peace 
of presentations made to them 
by constables at meetings from 
23rd March last to this day. 



Justices of Peace to Sir George 
Vernon and Sir Robert Berke- 
ley, Judges of Assize. Return 
of presentments made at their 
monthly meetings. 

Certificate of Justices of Peace 
of proceedings at their meetings 
since the last assizes. It con- 
tains returns of all the poor 
persons relieved in the several 
parishes in the hundredjWiththe 
amounts paid to each. 



Separate returns by Justices of 
j?eace of names of apprentices 
bound, with those of their 
masters, and of vagrants pun- 
ished. 



Return by Justices of Peace of 
offenders fined and apprentices 
bound since the last assizes. 



Return of ihe Mayor and Justices 
of Peace in conformity with the 
Book of Orders. Wheat 5s, 
the bushel, rye 3s.. malt 30s. the 
quarter, pease 3.9. the bushel, 
and outs Ms. the quarter. 



Similar return of Justices of 
Peace. 



Vol. cccxcv,, No. U7. 
Ip. 

Ibid., No. 118. 1/1. 

Ibid., No. 119, 4 p. 

Ibid., No. 120. Up. 

Vol. cccxcvii., No. 8. 
Paper roll. — 4 pp. 



Ibid., No. 36. 5 pp. 



Ibid., No. 65. 1 p. 



Ibid., No. 69, 2^ pp. 



Ibid., No. 99. 9i pp. 



Vol. occxcviii., No. 98. 

4 p. 



Ibid., No. 117. Ip 



Vol. cocxcix., 



No. 69. 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



285 



Returns made by Justices of Peace. 



Date. 



For what Place. 



Nature of Document. 



Reference to Document. 



1638. 
Oct. 18. 



Division of Andover, 
Hants. 



[Oct.] 



Dec. 18. 



Seven hundreds, part 
of the lathe of Scray, 
Kent. 



Division of co. Lancaster 
in which the magis- 
trates held their meet- 
ings at Oldham. 



Justices of Peace to the Council. 
Certify that although they in- 
creased the rates of the poor to 
a very great proportion, yet till 
harvest the country was much 
more burdened with their poor 
than at any time formerly, 
which proceeded from the 
scarcity and great price of 
grain, whereby the husband- 
man having no corn to make 
money was disabled of setting 
the poor on work, wheat being 
between 7s. and 8s., and barley 
between 4s. and 5s., but since 
harvest wheat is sold between 
4s. and 5s., and barley betwixt 
2s. and 3s. the bushel, so that 
now the poor are very well 
kept and employed in work. 

Return by Justices of Peace of ap- 
prentices bound out, with their 
names and those of their masters, 
and names of rogues punished. 

Return of presentments made at 
meetings of the Justices of 
Peace from 28th August last 
to this day. Several clergy- 
men were presented for marry- 
ing persons likely to become 
chargeable to the parish. On 
20th November 1638, Samuel 
Kemp, apprentice unto Francis 
Woolsteucrofte, was ordered to 
be moderately whipped by the 
constables of Ashton-under- 
Lyne for neglecting his work 
and " over-running " his master. 



Vol. cccc, No. .57. 1 p. 



Ibid., No. 136. =ipp. 



Vol. cccciv., No. 96. 
[Strip of parchment. 
71 lines.] 



TRINITY HOUSE CERTIFICATES, 

For the Year 1638. 

In continuation of those for the year 1637, printed in the 
Volume of Calendar for 1637-8, p. 137. 



Date. 


Name of Ship. 


Where built. 


Tonnage. 


Reference to 
Certificate. 


1637-8. 
Jan. 6 
Feb. 7 
Feb. 17 
Mar. 3 
Mar. 10 


John, of London - - - 
Fortune, of London 
Confidence, of London 
Deliverance, of Ipswich 
Henry Bonaventure 


Not stated 
Flanders 
Not stated 
Ipswich 
Horsleydown - 


260 
120 
200 
220 
140 


Vol. xvii. 

No. 164 
„ 165 
„ 166 
„ 167 
„ 168 



286 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



Vol. CCOCIX, January 1-23, 1638-9. 
1638-9. 

Jan. 1. 1. William Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of co. Derby, to 

Leicester Abbey, the Council. On receipt of letters of the Council of 18th November 
he gave order for a muster of the trained bands of co. Derby in 
December following, on several days at three places, the season of 
the year and quality of the county making it very inconvenient to 
assemble in one place. Encloses a note of the state of the forces, 
both trained and private. Has given orders for training thrice more 
in January, February, and March next. The few whose arms are 
defective are to supply them by the training in February, and the 
petty constables are not to suffer any trained soldier of his constabu- 
lary to depart from his habitation further than to be ready at a 
day's warning to march towards the rendezvous, without cause ap- 
proved by a deputy lieutenant. Has sent a list of the names of all 
the men who are able and fit for the wars, amounting to 17,308 (see 
the list in Vol. ccccv., N'o. 2). Has ordered the county magazine to 
be replenished at Hull by the 1st February next. Is not informed 
that there were ever any beacons in that county. Has appointed 
Richard Harrison provost-marshal. [Seal with crest. 2| pp."] En- 
closed, 

1. I. View of the forces and arms of co. Derby, taken in Dece-m^er 

1638. Totals of trained soldiers : foot, 400 ; private 
arms, 442; clergy, foot, 51; horse cuirassiers, 34; dra- 
goons, 38. [1 p.l 

Jan. 1. 2. Statement of circumstances and probable reasons showing that 

Mr. Bacon had a hand to have George Plowright pressed for a soldier. 
Both the parties were of Burton Latimer. Plowright had prosecuted 
Mr. Bacon in the Star Chamber, and thereupon Bacon threatened 
to rid the town of him. When Plowright attended the sheriff at 
Northampton, to have the assessment of the ship-money approved. 
Bacon procured the bailiff of the town to take Plowright's horse for 
a post-horse, although the town was full of other horses, and 
Plowright came on his Majesty's service. The horse was lamed. 
Plowright was ordered to attend Mr. Attorney- General in the cause 
in the Star Chamber, about five days before he was pressed and sent 
away to York. Bacon formerly practised the like against one 
Shrive, clerk of the church of Burton Latimer, against whom he had 
taken ofience ; Bacon, in a muster for Count Mansfeldt, caused him to 
be brought by the constables to Oundle, and there would have liad 
him sent away. [1 p.} Annexed, 

2. I. Certificate of Dr. Robert Sibthorpe. George Plowright is a 

man of honest life and conversation, and hy reason of his 
ability has for nine years successively borne the offices of 
overseer, sidesm^an, and churchwarden, and lastly of con- 
stable. He has been a dutiful and careful promoter of 
his Majesty's and the church's service, and has done m,uch 
good in the time aforesaid. \st January 1638-9. [Signed 
by Br. Sibthorpe and 24 others, of whom seven tvere 
clergymen. 1 jp.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 287 



1638-9. "^OL. CCCCIX. 

Jan. [1?]. 3. Jasper Sprak to his cousin Richard Harvey. The writer 
Lime [Lyme?], reminds Harvey that he is a son of his father's sister^ Harvey's aunt, 
Mary Sprak, and mentions various circumstances which prove that 
his relationship was recognized by Harvey's father and brother. He 
states that he has seven children, all of whom (he praises God) can 
read, and three of his daughters could knit and make lace as well as 
most maids. He had bought a house in Lime, but, by some loss he 
had, was constrained to mortgage it. Solicits Harvey that he may 
find a friend in him, and begs him to send an answer by the bearer, 
Thomas Jarvis. [1 p.'] 

Jan. 2. 4. Thomas Atkin, late Sheriff of Middlesex, to Nicholas. I under- 

stand by the present sheriff of Middlesex that order is given from the 
Lords to give the last sheriff power to collect the ship-money arrears 
for last year, which is set down at 1,152Z. 7s. 9d., and we are com- 
manded to be before the Lords the second Sunday of next term. In 
regard we are behind but 6161. I7s. be pleased to acquaint the Lords 
that the rest of the 1,152Z. 7s. 9d., which is 5351. 10s. 9d., must be 
received from Westminster and the Tower liberty, they having 
already paid in part of it, for the whole charge was 5,000^. [ Under- 
written is an account which shows how the 6161. 17 s. above men- 
tioned was made out. 1 p.] 

Jan. 2. 5. Thomas Kynnaston to Richard Harvey. Mr. Courteen and the 

writer intend to wait on Mr. Porter tomorrow by 8 o'clock, on the 
business of the ship called the Sun. Prays Harvey to send 
Mr. Nicholas word of it. [_\ jp.] 

Jan. 2. 6. Receipt of Capt. Francis Trafford for 40Z. paid him by Sir 

Henry Vane, Comptroller of the Household, by his Majesty's special 
command. [^ p.] 

Jan. 2. 7. Fragments of a list signed by Deputy Lieutenants of Kent of 

all the trained bands of that county, with certificate that the number 
of able men, between 16 and 60 years of age, not enrolled in the 
trained bands, was 20,276. [Two strips of parchment.'] 

Jan, 3. 8. Sir Richard Tichborne, Sir William Uvedale, and Sir Thomas 

Southampton. Jervoise, Deputy Lieutenants of Hants, together with Thomas Wroth, 
Mayor of Southampton, to the Council. According to your letter of 
the 7th December, we had a meeting at Southampton on the 
3rd inst., where the mayor, with hLs brethren, expressed all readiness 
to do his Majesty service, and are willing to take into their charge 
six lasts of powder, which we conceive will be a fit proportion. They 
will provide a storehouse, and have nominated Thomas Mason alder- 
man of that town, to receive and issue the same, and to give account 
thereof. Upon debate with the merchants, it was conceived that a 
penny in the pound would be the least allowance to defray the 
charges in selling it by retail, yet they are willing to make a trial 
of it. If no man may undersell his Majesty's price, it will be /nuch 
to the advancement of this service. We beseech you that this 



288 DOMESTIC — CHARLES T. 



1638-9. 



Vol. CCCCIX. 



powdfir may be sent to us with speed, for the country is wholly 
unfurnished. [Seal with crest and motto. 1 p.'] 

Jan. 3. 9. Petition of William Brooking, a poor tailor, of Plympton, to 

Sir J ohn Lambe. Thomas Avent, a rich man, having much oppressed 
petitioner, and foully defamed him and his wife, petitioner was en- 
forced to prosecute a suit in the Archdeacon's Court of Plympton, 
for clearing his wife's credit, where sentence passed for petitioner, 
from which Avent appealed to the Chancellor's Court at Exeter, and 
there likewise sentence passed for petitioner, from which also Avent 
appealed to the Arches, and there, by the apparitors neglecting the 
manner of serving a process, Avent is likely to recover some costs 
against petitioner, which petitioner is not able to pay until he be 
allowed his costs for the two several sentences aforesaid. Hereupon, 
referring to a certificate annexed, petitioner prays that Avent's costs 
may be stayed until petitioner may have his costs on the two sen- 
tences, or until the appeal be ended in the Arches, and that in the 
meantime Sir Kichard Strode, recorder of Plympton, or some such 
indifferent man, may mediate an end, or certify in whom the fault 
is. [I p-l Annexed, 

9. I. Certificate of John Blalce, mayor of Plympton, and two 
others, that William Brooking was a quiet and peaceable 
man, and free from any suits in law, but only by the vexa- 
tion of Thomas Avent. 3rd January 1638[--9'}. [| p.] 

Jan. 3. 10. Petition of 41 persons, whose names are subscribed, being 

Truro. many of the leading persons of Cornwall, to Francis Godolphin, 
sheriff of that county. There has been of late a view taken by the 
captains of companies within Cornwall, whereat a general defect 
of powder was found. Pray him to present this grievance to the 
Lord Lieutenant of the county and the rest of the Council, that 
petitioners may be supplied with powder at the King's price. [Ip.'] 

Jan. 3. 11. Lord Keeper Coventry to Sec. Windebank. I send you the 

Durham House, papers concerning Mr. Harvie's [Harby's?] cause, but when you 
speak with his Majesty of the business, put him in mind that when 
he was at Greenwich last summer, upon the petition of Mr. Lang- 
ham, his Majesty was pleased that Langham, who excepted to 
Mr. Harvie's case, should add such things thereunto as he had and 
were material in the way of merchants, and that the same should be 
referred to the like number of merchants named in Langham's peti- 
tion, as upon Harvie's suit had considered of his case and certified 
for him. Various otber proceedings, which are here minutely de- 
scribed, were taken in consequence of alterations in this direction 
subsequently made by the King, and the result was a delay, which 
the Lord Keeper desires that the King should understand was not 
occasioned by him. [1 p.] 

Jan. 3. 12. Account of the receipt of imposts in the port of London, fi-om 

Michaelmas 1637 to Michaelmas 1638. Total 19,238/. Os. 3d, out 
of which there had been made various payments, araountino- to 
17,361?. 15s. [1 p.l ° 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 289 



] 638-9. ^^^' CCCCIX. 

Jan. 4. 13. Book of notes made by Nicholas of proceedings of the Council, 

principally at meetings held during this month. The days on which 
there were meetings, which are here noticed, were this day, and the 
6th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 22nd, 23rd, 25th, 27th, 29th, and 
30th inst. There are besides notes of proceedings on various refer- 
ences. [92 pp., of which 34 are blank.'] 

Jan. 4. 14. Book containing the names of all members of the Council 

present at various sittings of the Council during the present month, 
beginning with this day. The King was present on the 6th, 18th, 
22nd, and 27th. [14 pp., of which 2 are blankl 

Jan. 4. 15. Order of Council. The petition of the poor hammer workmen 

to the Company of Pewterers of London being by his Majesty 
referred to the Council, it was ordeted that Sir Ralph Freeman, Sir 
Paul Pindar, and Sir Job Harby take the said petition into their 
consideration, and return certificate of the true state of the business, 
and what they conceive fit to be done therein. [Copy. 1 p.] 

Jan. 4. 16. Similar order. Humphrey Jones by petition showed that 

Richard Mostyn, having exhibited to the Board a scandalous petition 
and articles against petitioner, and upon allegation that his witnesses 
to prove the ofiences laid to petitioner's charge lived in Wales, 
obtained letters to divers gentlemen, his near kinsmen, to examine 
the particulars ; they had done so, and returned a certificate to the 
Board. Petitioner being much scandalized by Mostyn, prayed that he 
might have a copy of the said certificate, and that a day might be 
appointed for a hearing. It was ordered that a copy of the cer- 
tificate should be delivered to petitioner, and the Lords appointed to 
hear the said clifi'erence on the 20th February next. [Braft. 1 ^ p.] 

Jan. 4. 17. Similar order. Matthew Bellinrock and James le Ouste, 

of London, merchants, by petition showed that at the complaint of 
Thomas Bushell, farmer of his Majesty's mines royal in Wales, his 
Majesty being present in Council, it was ordered on 15th October 
1637 that no ore of any metal as it is drawn shall be transported 
unwrought, of which order petitioner not knowing anything, in May 
last bought three tons of Derbyshire lead ore (out of which it is 
well known that never any one gained by taking silver) to be de- 
livered at Hull, which was brought thither in 36 firkins, to be tran- 
sported beyond seas, the customs and duties being first paid. The 
customers never acquainting petitioner's assignees with the restraint, 
accepted the entry, and the lead being laden is unladen again to 
petitioner's great loss ; therefore prays permission to transport the said 
36 firkins. It is ordered that the mayor of Hull and Sir John Lister, 
having examined the truth of what is alleged, should certify how 
they find the same. [Braft. 1^ p.] 

Jan. 4. 18. Petition of Henry Coghill to the Council. The Lords, on 

petition of Alice Malby, wife of Thomas Malby, ordered petitioner 
to pay to her certain arrearages of 201. per annum, for non-payment 
13. T 



290 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638-9. ^°^- ^^^^^^- 

whereof, and for non-performance of an order respecting the same, 
made by the Lord Keeper, petitioner stands in contempt. Petitioner 
has delivered to Sir William Becher, one of the clerks of the Council, 
801., being the said arrearages, and is ready to perform the order of 
the Lord Keeper, and therefore prays to be discharged of his con- 
tempt. Prays also that the Lords will consider the state of the case 
hereunto annexed, and permit him to make his defence by counsel, 
and whatsoever they shall order he will perform. [^ p.} Annexed, 
18. I. Petition of Henry Coghill \to the Council]. States the par- 
ticulars of various money transactions between himself, 
Thomas Malhy, and Alice, his wife ; also of an arrange- 
ment made between them for the purchase by petitioner from 
them of the manor of Ghalkewell and other lands. This 
arrangement had been frustrated, and the annuity to 
Alice had been withheld in consequence of her refusal to 
complete her part of the agreement, and of her abandon- 
ment of her blind and aged husband, leaving him desti- 
tute. Petitioner claimed a debt due from Malby of 
996Z. 12s., with interest, and havi/ng now paid the arrears 
of A lice's annuity, and being ready to secure her for the 
future, he prayed that she might join in such assurance 
as counsel should devise for securing the payment of his 
money. [| p.] 

Jan. 4. 19. Order of Council. Kecites order of 29th November last, 

Whitehall, whereby Henry Coghill was ordered to pay the 801. above mentioned, 
secure the future payments of the annuity to Alice Malby, and sub- 
rait himself prisoner in the Fleet, upon performance whereof the 
Lords prayed the Lord Keeper to consider what was fit in justice to 
be further done by Coghill in the cause between him and the said 
Alice. The Lords now understanding the payment of the annuity, 
and that the Lord Keeper had appointed to hear the said difference 
before next term, it was ordered that Sir William Becher should pay 
the 801. to Alice Malby, and that Coghill should be allowed no 
interest for the moneys pretended to be due to him from the date 
of the Lords' order, whereby he was required to bring his action 
concerning the same moneys, but neglected the same. The Lords 
again prayed the Lord Keeper to consider what further was fit in 
justice to be done, and directed Coghill to remain prisoner in the 
Fleet until, upon the Lord Keeper's report, they should give further 
order. [Draft. 1| p.] 

Jan. 4. 20. Minute of a warrant from the Council to commit Matthew 

Ball to the Fleet prison. [2 Unes.] 

Jan. 4. 21. Minute of the like to Simon Wilmot, messenger, to bring 

before the Board Thomas Beale, John Peabody, and Kichard Beale, 
of Little Ashby, [Gilbert] Morehead [Morewood ?], of Scale, and 
[Kobert] Hudson, of Melton Mowbray, defaulters at musters in co. 
Leicester ; but as many of them as shall give satisfaction to the 
Lord Lieutenant are to be discharged. [| p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 201 



jg38_9 Vol. CCCCIX. 

Jan. 4. Minute of a warrant from the Council to William Faldoe to bring 

befoie the Lords Mr. Borrey, of Southmorfield, William Greeor, of 
Somerby, John Morton, of Silebey, Daniel )Shuttlewood, of Waltham- 
on-the-Wolds, and John Imyn, of Ibstock, defaulters at musters in 
CO. Leicester. [Written on the same sheet of jpaper as the above. ^ p.J 

Jan. 4 22. Committee of the Council of War to Sir Robert Pye. To 

Whitehall, draw an order for issuing to Sir John Heydon 391?. 18s. 3d upon 
account for emptions expressed in an estimate of the Officers of the 
Ordnance of 13th September last, for carriages, powder, &c., to be 
delivered to the Duke of Lenox by virtue of his Majesty's warrants, 
dated 19th July and 10th September 1638, and to be reckoned as 
part of the privy seal for 200,OO0Z. [Draft. | p.] 

Jan. 4. Copy of the same. [See Vol. cccxcvi,, p. 50. f p.] 

Jan. 4. 23. Lord Chief Justice Bramston to [the Council]. Report con- 

Serjeants' Inn. cerning the imprisonment of Katherine De Luke. Mr. Peare, 
recorder of Romsey, in May last, procured my warrant against her 
and her husband, to apprehend them for misdemeanours certified by 
the mayor and aldermen of that town, for which former warrants 
had been made by the justices of assize. Katherine was apprehended 
in Middlesex in last summer vacation, and being unable to find 
sureties to appear at the next assizes for Hants, was committed to 
the New prison in Middlesex by Mr. Long. About Michaelmas last, 
being informed by Mr. Long that she was exceeding poor, and lived 
at the charge of the bouse, I directed Mr. Peare to remove her to 
Romsey at the town charge, and to maintain her in prison, else I 
would deliver her. Before she was removed I received his Majesty's 
command, upon Sir Edward Powell's petition, to examine her con- 
cerning a scandal and practise by her against Sir Edward. I did so, 
but before she had fully finished her examination I received his 
Majesty's command to forbear further proceedings, and to attend the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Keeper, Lord Privy Seal, and 
Sec. Coke, to whom his Majesty had referred the same. I attended 
their Lordships, and was commanded to send her to the Fleet, where 
she now is. Since that time no person has appeared to prosecute 
against her. [1| p.] 

Jan. 4. 24. Sir Jacob Astley to Sec. Windebank. Upon Saturday last, 

York. 29 th December, I came to York, and found that the Vice-President 
had ordained a general muster, and the meetings to be on the 2nd, 
3rd, and 4th of January in several places. Hereupon I took occasion 
' to see and train four foot companies close by the city. I found the 

men good, and enrolled them all, but many of the arms not serviceable ; 
both musketeers and pikemen were imperfect in the several postures of 
their arms. The next days following I have been at Bramham Moor, 
and saw and trained 160 horse, being the Vice-President's company. 
The men and horse were good, and many of them well armed, but 
some part very HI. We enrolled all that company. Pray recommend 
to the Lords to inform his Majesty that I finding the defects so great 

,T 2 



292 DOMESTIC— CHARLES L 

1638-9. 



Vol-. CCCCIX. 



in arms, both for horse and foot, have given order to Capt. Legge 
to send laither certain proportions of arms [set down in the margin], 
that the country may be furnished for their money. The Vice- 
President and the Lord Mayor of York both assure me that liere are 
no workmen that can make, or so much as mend, arms, therefore it 
were requisite that some such were sent down from London to set up 
that trade in York and other towns, for otherwise there are none but 
tinkers can mend any sucli utensils of war. These tradesmen planted 
now here will be of most necessary use for his Majesty's service, and if 
authorized by the Lords must have their warrants not to be molested 
bj"- the corporations, because they be not freemen of the towns. T 
find great neglect in many finding arms altogether unserviceable, 
though warned to provide sufficient arms at the next meetings, 
which will not be remedied unless you send down messengers with 
blanks to the Vice-President or me., that such persons best able and 
most faulty may be put to the charge to answer their neglect before 
the Lords. Sir Thomas Morton, Capt. Gibson, Capt. Waytes, and 
Capt. Ballard are all out at this time to see the trained bands 
exercised. To-morrow I go to Lord Clifford, and on Sunday next 
I purpose to be at Hull, and stay there until Wednesday. Quarles, 
the merchant of Rotterdam, is not yet come thither. On Thurs- 
day, the 10th Januaiy, I purpose to be here again at York, because 
the Vice-President has against that day assembled all the deputy 
lieutenants to meet to determine of a general muster, so as Sir 
Thomas Morton and myself may see all the regiments and put them 
in order. I purpoje to frame every regiment into sortable colours, 
that they, being 12 in Yorkshire, may be distinguished afar off" 
which I have begun with ray Lord Deputy's regiment. Also I have 
written to the Lord Deputy to choose for all the regiments such 
gentlemen as he thinks most fitting to be lieutenant-colonels and 
sergeant-majors, which in a formal disciplining of war cannot be 
wanting. After the meeting on Thursday I shall be better able to 
give you account of what shall be proposed among them. After 
the meeting I purpose to set forward to Newcastle. The Lord Mayor 
of York and the Vice-President tell me that the county is well 
stored with powder, match, and ball. The country is also well 
stored with corn, grain, and victuals. Prays him to recommend 
that 50 complete arms for horse as cuirassiers be sent down to 
York .which will be bought by the country. There are above 20 
wanting in the troop of horse which I have this day seen ; also 40 
partisans for lieutenants, and 100 halberts for sergeants, for no 
officers of that kind have any such weapons. It was not my good 
hap to meet with the Marquis Hamilton in his passing by. P.S. — I 
find such men as are recusants sending their servants unarmed, 
because their arms are taken from them. By this means there will 
be a considerable number of men coming to exercise and at the 
rendezvous unarmed. This I thought good to speak of {Nicholas 
has zvritten in the margin, " The King to be acquainted." 3 pp.'] 

Jan. 4. 25. Capt. William Legge to Sec. Windebank. I thank you for 

Hull. your favours and that you granted me leave for coming to London. I 



DOMESTIC— OHAELES I. 293 



lg3g_9 Vol. CCCCIX. 

desired that only to inform you of all the particulars, and let Sir 
Jacob Astley know before his departure from Court all things that I 
had observed in these parts. Now he is arrived here I shall follow 
his directions. I have received order from him to issue into the 
country all sorts of arms that shall be desired. This I obey, but 
seeing I am by my instructions from you to sell none of those pro- 
visions without further order from his Majesty or the Master of the 
Ordnance, I desire I may have some order for it, as likewise a 
warrant from the Lord Treasurer for delivery of such moneys as I 
shall receive into what hands his Lordship pleases. I hope Sir 
Jacob shall find no fault in me in the performance of my duty ; I 
shall assist and obey him in everything, and shall be most glad to 
receive your commands. [1 p-l 

Jan. 4 . Account by the Officers of Ordnance of ironwork weighed at Ham- 
mersmith for binding ten pair of wheels for pieces of 3 lb. bullet. 
The particulars are very minutely stated. \_See Vol. cccxcviii, 
No. 58. 1 p.'] 

Jan. 4. 26. Thomas Gay to his brother John Gay. Upon Friday last the 

mayor and Mr. Pearce Edgcom came to the fort [at Plymouth], and dis- 
possessing Capt. George Bagg, possessed me of the command, the which 
(God willing) shall be so carefully looked unto, that Sir Jacob [Astley] 
shall have no cause of complaint. The mayor since is fallen sick, and 
entreated me to send up the list of the soldiers to Mr. Nicholas and 
pray him to send down the moneys for half a year's pay. I think 
248/.. will pay all for half a year; 1 mean the 35 men remaining now 
in the fort and island. The new soldiers that were entertained the 
1st September expect their pay from the new governor, or out of the 
old governor s means. The new governor has no reason to pay what 
the old governor received from the King, and did not pay but in 
broken numbers, as 5s., 10s., and 20s. at a time, so that few of the 
soldiers know what is due to them, and the paymaster refuses to 
produce his accounts before the mayor unless commanded thereto by 
the Council, and therefore the mayor entreated Mr. Nicholas to 
procure the Lords' letter to him to call Mr. Bull, the paymaster, 
before him to give up all the soldiers' accounts, and if Mr. Nicholas 
cannot return down the moneys, to procure his letter to the mayor 
and Nicholas Opie, the customer, to pay the moneys here. Be earnest, 
that we may have an answer by the next post, for the soldiers are in 
great misery, and those that have families are like to starve with 
their families. [2 pp.] Enclosed, 

26. I. List of the soldiers in the fort and island near Plymouth, 
with their annual wages. The im'iter of the above letter 
was lieutenant-governor at SOl. per annum. Thomas 
Roche was lieutenant of St. Nicholas island, also at 30Z. 
2Jer annum. Polydore Roche was master-gunner at 201. 
per annum. There were 30 others at 121. per annum 
{among them Ferdinando Paleologus), and one, Atha- 
nasius Reepe, at 11. per annum, which is doubtless a 
mistake for 121. [1 1 p.] 



294 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



Vol. CCCCIX. 

163S-9. 

Jan. 4. 27. Robert Typper to Endymion Porter. A gentleman was with 

the writer yesterday from Porter, a Mr. Phelips, with whom the 
writer came to an entire agreement, and he doubts not that they 
will conclude the business to each other's content. [1 ^.] 

Jan. 6. Warrant to the Master of the Great Wardrobe for payment of a 

livery of U. 13s. 4d. per annum to David Powell, his Majesty's 
fl etcher, in place of John. Powell, deceased. [Docquet.'] 

Jan. 5. Warrant to the Treasurer of the Chamber for payment of 20d. 

per diem as wages and 161. 2s. 6d. as livery to Simon Nan, one of 
his Majesty's musicians for the violins in ordinary, in room of John 
Hayden, deceased. [Docquet.'] 

Jan. 5. Petition of Sir Alexander Hume to the King. Stephen Talmage, 

mariner, and Edward Harris, merchant, having the ship Anne and 
Sarab, of London, and being bound in her for Virginia, in July was 
12 months, became bound to the King in ],000L to return to London, 
and there unlade their freight of tobacco. Contrary to the said 
bond, the ship arrived in Holland, and has there unladed her 
freight. Prays the King to grant petitioner the benefit of the said 
bond, petitioner prosecuting the same at his own charge. [Copy. 
Vol. cccciii., p. 20. ^ p^ Underwritten, 

I. Reference to the Attorney-General to prepare a hill for his 
Majesty's signature, containing either a grant of the said 
bond to such person as petitioner shall nominate, or a 
discharge to the parties in case petitioner shall compound 
with them. Whitehall, 5th January 1638-9. [Copy. 
Ibid. 5 p."] 

Jan. 5. Henry Earl of Holland, Chief Justice and Justice in Eyre of the 

Forests on this side Trent, to Anthony Holland, one of the yeomen 
huntsmen in ordinary to the King. Two brace of stags have been 
lately taken out of liis Majesty's park at Theobalds, and put into the 
park of Sir Francis Leight, at Addington, Kent, to be kept there for 
his Majesty's disport in the next summer. The said stags having 
since broken out from thence, now lie in the fields adjoining, where 
they may be subject to many casualties. You are to take care of 
the said deer, and for their preservation are to walk from time to 
time the enclosures of Greenwich, Woolwich, Eltham, Lewisham, 
Deptford, Sydenham, Beckenham, Bromley, and Dulwicb, where the 
said deer shall happen to feed, and intimate his Majesty's command- 
ment to the inhabitants of the said towns that they forbear to hunt 
them ; and in case you find any persons offending herein, you are 
to take from them their dogs, guns, cross-bows, or other engines, 
and to certify their names to me. [Copy. Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 42. 

Jan. 5. 28. Statement of Francis Raworth, town clerk of Dover, that 

at a meeting at Maidstone, the Oth December 1637, Sir Thomas 
Henley then sheriff' of Kent, there was assessed upon Dover and the 
members thereof S301. for ship-money, which sum was paid, viz., 



DOMESTIC—CHARLES I. 295 



1GS8-9. V«^- CQCCIX. 

by Dover 275^., and by Faversham 551., as by acquittances of Sir 
William Eussell appears. [ | p.l 

Jan. 5. 29. Account by Robert Reade, secretary to Sec. "Windebank, of 

moneys received and paid for Sec. Windebank from the 1st May 1638 
to this date. The receipts consist of fees paid to the Secretary for 
grants procured from the King through him. They amounted to 
1,277/. lis. 5id. The disbursements were generally of a private 
nature ; household expenses of the Secretary, gratuities to servants 
bringing gifts, allo-wances to his children, and so forth. The follow- 
ing are extracts. Mr. Bellamy, for two picture frames, 11. 15s.; the 
porters, for whipping the footman, 5s. ; the smith, for a key of " Mar- 
rowbone Park," 2s. Gd. ; the man that brought it, 2s. ; the smith that 
made a treble key of Greenwich, ] Os. ; Joan, the cook maid, when 
my aunt [Reade was Sec. Windebank's nephew'] was abroad, 201. 
1 5 chaldron of coals, 1.3/. 3s. 2d. ; for carriage and wharfage, 1/. 16s. 9d. 
the apothecary's man, 2s. ; the footman, for drinking-money, 2s. 6d. 
the barber at Greenwich, 5s. ; the corn cutter, 10s. ; a coach horse. 
13/. ; to the grooms that sold him, 10s. ; freight of the virginals, 21. 
to my aunt, 100/. ; crossing to Lambeth and back. Is. ; two maps, 
1?. 7s. ; for rolling them, 4s. ; for bringing them home, Is. ; ribbon for 
shoestrings, 9s. 6d; a pair of silk stockings, 1/. 14s.; Lord New- 
burgh's man that brought trees, 5s. ; Dr. Reade's man that brought 
pheasants, 2s. 6d. ; Lord Cottington's man that brought venison, 
1 Os. ; my Lady of Arundel's two men, 21. ; my Lord of Hunting- 
don's man, 21. ; the man that brought sweet waters, 10s. ; Sir Ed- 
mund Lenthall's man, 2s. 6d. ; your honour, for offering-money, lOs. ; 
a pair of gloves, 9s. ; to the poor boys at Christmas, 1 s. ; new year's 
gifts, S3l. 7s. 6c/.; total disbursements, 1,167/. 6s. 3c/.; leaving a 
balance of 110/. 5s. 2^d., of which the Secretary notes that on the 
2nd May 1639 he took out 100/. to put into the town chest. 
[7 pp.} 

Jan. 5. 30. Account of Sir William Russell of ship-money for 1637; 

received, 164,044/. IBs. Ud. ; remained, 32,369/. 8s. 9c/. [1 p.] 

Jan. 5. 31. Account of ship-money levied and remaining in the hands of 

the sheriffs. Total, 1,930/., which, with the sum mentioned as re- 
ceived above, makes the total amount collected 165,974J., which was 
19,041/. less than was paid on 6th Januarj'- 1637. [1 p.j 

Jan. 6. 32. Order of the King in Council. Upon complaint of Sir 

Whitehall. Humphrey Mildmay, sheriff of Essex in 1635, the deputy of Bright- 
lingsea was, by order of the Board of 30th November last, either to 
pay to the Treasurer of the Navy the ship-money assessed upon that 
town in J 635, or otherwise to attend the Board the first Sunday in 
this month. Forasmuch as there was this day shown to the Board 
under the hand of Richard Selwyn, mayor of Sandwich, Kent, in 
1635, a certificate, dated 12th October 1635, that 23/. M^as by him 
received of William Hatt, deputy for that year of Brightlingsea, for 
the service of shipping, the said town being a member of Sandwich, 



296 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638-9. 



Jan. 6. 

Whitehall. 



Jan. 6. 

Whitehall. 



Jan. 6. 



Jan. 6. 

Whitehall. 



Jan. 6, 



Jan. 7. 



Vol. CCCCIX. 

with which it always used to be rated, it was ordered that Bright- 
lingsea should for that year's ship-money be freed from payment 
with Essex, and the deputy of Brightlingsea to be discharged. But 
henceforth the said town is to pay with Essex. [Braft This and 
the following faper, although dated 6th December, are endorsed 
6th January 1638, i.e., 1638-9. There is no reason to believe that 
there vjas any meeting of the Council on the 6th December, but it is 
clear from other papers of the 6th January, that there was one at 
which the King was present on that day, and in Nicholas's Note 
Book of the proceedings of the Council, calendared under ^ith 
January inst, No. 13, there is mention of this and the succeeding 
order having been made at the Tneeting on the 6th inst. 1 p."] 

33. Order of the King in Council. Upon complaint made to his 
Majesty by Capt. John Fisher, muster-master of London, of dues 
i-efused to be paid to him for his service, it was ordered that the 
Earl Marshal, the Lord Chamberlain, the Lord Privy Seal, and Sec. 
Windebank should send for Mr. Eecorder and some of the aldermen 
of that city and the said Capt. Fisher, and upon hearing them to 
accommodate their differences, or otherwise certify the true state of 
their differences and what they conceive fit to be established. [Draft. 
Endorsed is a list of the members of the Council present at the 
meeting held this day. f p.] 

34. Similar order. That the Attorney-General put into the 
commission lately given to Sir Jacob Astley the counties of Chester 
and Lancaster, formerly omitted. [Draft, i p.] 

The like. Capt. Farrar, a prisoner in Newgate, being ac- 
cused to have counterfeited his Majesty's hand and privy signet, 
it is ordered that the Attorney-General cause the said Farrar to be 
proceeded against. [Written on the same paper as the preceding. 

Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport. 
To deliver 8 barrels of gunpowder at 18d per pound, for replenish- 
ing the magazine of the western division of co. Northampton. 
[Minute. See Vol. ccclv.. No. 60, p. 8. J p.] 

Henry Earl of Holland to the Keeper and Under-Keepers of 
Grafton Park. I am informed that Pond Coppice within the said 
park, appointed for sale this year, and consisting chiefly of thorn, 
will be in danger upon the first shooting thereof to be destroyed, 
through the multitude of conies maintained iu the said park contrary 
to the laws of the forest, and with danger to his Majesty's person in 
the time of his hunting there. You are to cause the said conies to 
be destroyed and their holes stopped up. [Copy. Vol. ccclxxodv., 
p. 45. J p.'} 

Grant to John Embree of the office of sergeant plumber to his 
Majesty, void by the death of Hugh Justice, with the fee of 12d. by 
the day and an annual livery or 408. in money for the same at 
Christmas. [Docquet.J 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 297 



1638-9. ^°'^- CCCCIX. 

Jan. 7. 35. Minutes of thirteen warrants from the Council to George 

Carter, Robert Tavernor, Edmund Davenport, Henry Kyme, Ed- 
ward Stockdell, Thomas Waterworth, Edmund Barker, William 
Brooks, David Stott, John Lisney, James Naylor, William Faldoe, 
and Matthew Pigeon, messengers, for bringing before the Lords 
defaulters, upwards of 70 in number, at the musters in Devon, but as 
many as should submit to conform for the future were to be dis- 
charged, paying fees. [1| p.] 

Jan. 7. Note of a close warrant for Sir Francis Popham. [Written on 

the same paper as the above. 1 line.^ 

Jan. 7. Minute of a warrant to Nicholas Pye, messenger, to bring Arthur 

Winwood, porter in the castle of Ludlow, before the Lords, [i&ic?. 

Jan. 7. 36. Sir John Curzon, late SheriflF of co. Derby, to Nicholas. I 

Kedleston. have received a letter of 30th November, requiring from me an 
arrear for ship-money of 192?., unpaid of S,oOOl., upon co. Derby and 
the borough towns. I frequently called upon the borough towns to 
pay in their money, which they promised they would. By this sum 
I perceive that Chesterfield is still the whole charge unpaid, being 
501., and Derby 65Z., which latter sum they assiu-e me is abated by the 
Council. As for the remainder of 801. and odd in the county, I shall 
be diligent where I can meet with any distress, and pay it in with 
all speed. I am likewise required, for non-payment of the whole 
sum by the beginning of Candlemas term, to appear at the Council 
board on the second Sunday in that term to give an account. I fear 
I shall not get into London by that time, in regard of his Majesty's 
employment here, the training of soldiers, which I am likewise re- 
quired to attend, being a deputy lieutenantj but within four days 
after I will, though I have no other occasion to the town. [Seal 
with arms. Ij- p.'] 

Jan. 8. Commission to Sir Francis Wyat to be governor of the colony and 

plantation in Virginia, with the powers granted to Sir John Harvey 
in 1636, with this enlargement, that upon death or discontinuance 
of any of his Majesty's Council there, the governor and Council may 
choose others, whose names are to be certified to his Majesty or to 
the Commissioners for Plantations, for allowance. [Docquet] 

Jan. 8. Grant to Colonel George Goring of the office of keeper and captain 

of the castle, town, and island of Portsmouth, and of captain of 
20 soldiers in the said caatle. Likewise of the ofiice of constable of 
the castle of Porchester, and lieutenant of the forest of Southbear, 
Hants, as the same were enjoyed by the late Viscount Wimbledon. 
[_Docquet.'] 

Jan. P. 37. Nicholas to the Mayor of Plymouth. Sir Jacob Astley left 

Whitthall. order with me to pay to such person as you should appoint the 

money due to 35 soldiers and officers belonging to his Majesty's fort 

at Plymouth and Island of St. Nicholas, for half a year to end at 



298 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1688-9. 



Vol. CCCCIX. 



Christmas last, and I understand by a letter from Mr. Gay that 
about 1501. will pay the same. If you will signify to me to whom 
I shall pay the money, and how much it will amount to, I will not 
fail to deliver it, and at the next sitting of the Council I will procure 
an order to Mr. Ball, paymaster of the said fort, to make an account 
of what is due to the company of the said fort and island. [^Oopy.l 
Underwritten, 

37. I. Memorandum by Nicholas. " I wrote to Mr. Mayor for 
an account whether he had received the 130Z. odd from 
Mr. Opie, of Plymouth, and had paid the soldiers. My 
letter was dated 12th February 1638 " [-9]. [1 j).] 

Jan. 8. Another copy of the above. [See Domestic James I., Vol. ccxix., 

p. 174.] 

Jan. 9. 38. Order of Council. Henry Lee and company of merchants 

trading to Spain by petition presented that having last year obtained 
licence to transport to the Spanish islands several quantities of 
shaken cask and hoops, for their accommodation for that vintage, all 
which were since returned with wines, to the great advantage of his 
Majesty's customs. It being objected that cask could not be spared 
out of this kingdom, petitioners have provided cask staves in Ireland, 
and besought licence to transport about 100?. worth of hoops for the 
said cask stands setting up. It was ordered that the Lord Admiral, 
calling before him the Victualler of the Navy a.nd others, should 
examine the truth of these allegations, and whether it will not be 
prejudicial to his Majesty's marine employments to permit the pro- 
portion of hoops desired to be export.ed, and to return certificate 
' with his opinion. [Draft. 1 p^ 

Jan. 9. 39. Similar order. The weavers of Canterbury complaining against 

the weavers of London for procuring a proclamation inhibiting 
worsted to be wrought into stuff with Turkey yarn, though the one 
be warp, the other woof, nor any thread to be wrought with silk, nor 
thread with Turkey grogran yarn, whereby many good stuffs will be 
put down here and the manufacture transferred to the Low Countries, 
to the prejudice of trade and his Majesty's customs, the undoing of 
many families, and the exposing hundreds of poor children to beggary. 
It was ordered that the commissioners appointed for examining 
abuses in the manufactures of the kingdom should examine the 
importance of the particulars mentioned, and thereupon certifj' the 
same with their opinions. [Draft. 1 p.J 

Jan. 9. 40. The like. Upon consideration of petition of Eobert Grosse, 

Whitehall, clerk, against Dr. Fuller, dean of Ely, the Lords declared that they 
hold the same to be merely clamorous, and in no sort to be credited 
against so reverend a person, whose integrity is in so good esteem 
with the Lords, as the aspersions endeavoured to be cast on him 
weigh nothing at all with the Board. It is ordered that Grosse's 
petition be rejected, and the business be left to i^he Qourt of High 
Commission. [Draft, f p."] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 299 



1638-9. Vol. CCCCIX. 

Jan. 9. 41. Order of Council. The difference betw&en the Earl of Exeter 

and Sir William Killigrew, about the possession of certain severals 
in Revesby, co. Lincoln, was 9th February 1 637-8 referred to the 
two Lords Chief Justices and the Lord Chief Baron ; they having 
heard counsel on both sides, made a report dated 1 5th December 
last. (See Vol. 404, N'o. 77.) The Lords concurring with the judges, 
for a final end of the said difi'erence do ratify and confirm the same 
report. [Draft. ] js.] 

Jan. 9. 42. Similar order. The Lords having been informed that upon 

Tuesday last a great riot was committed near Temple Bar, upon 
occasion of an arrest made about Chancery Lane, and calling to 
mind that disorders of that kind have grown to be very frequent, 
ordered the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench strictly to 
examine who were the principal actors, and to take a course for 
punishing them in such manner as may deter others ; and of his 
proceedings herein he is to send an account to the Board. [Draft. 
Ip.-] 

Jan. 9. 43. The Council to the Vice-President and Council at York. "We 

Whitehall, have sent you a petition presented to us in the name of Robert 
Dixon, Thomas Rawson, and other inhabitants of Roos, Burton 
Pidsea, Burstwick, gkeckiing, Riall [Ryhill], Camerton, Elstronwick, 
Lelley, and other towns and villages in Holderness, co. York, con- 
cerning a clowe erected by order of sessions in 1617, and ordered to 
be repaired and maintained by Sir Henry Constable, Viscount Dunbar, 
and his heirs. As a business of this nature may be best understood 
in the county where the proofs may be produced, we pray you 
to call before you Viscount Dunbar and petitioners, and to settle an 
indifl'erent end, or certifj' to us the true state of the business and 
your opinion. [Draft 1 p^ 

Jan. 9. 44. The Council to Algernon Earl of Northumberland. It is his 

Majesty's pleasure, that one of his ships and two pinnaces shall be 
this year employed for guard of the Irish Seas. We pray you to 
give order that the same be forthwith prepared upon the charge of 
his Majesty's revenue in that kingdom for so many months' service 
as 3'^ou, with the advice of the Lord Deputy and Council there, shall 
think requisite. [Draft. \ p^ 

Jan. [9 ?] 45. The same to Robert Earl of Leicester, ambassador extraor- 
dinary in France. By the petition and examination enclosed, 
presented by William Rande, master of the Unity, of London, you 
will perceive what misery the company belonging to that ship have 
suffered from the French, and what loss has been sustained by peti- 
tioner and the owners. It may be agreeable to the laws of nations 
for one prince to make use of such shipping of another's as he finds 
in his ports for his particular, but to deal with them as appears by 
the said examination we conceive not suitable to any treaty or 
justice, which we pray you to represent on that side, and to use 
your endeavour that petitioner and his partners may receive restitu- 



300 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638-9. 



Vol. CCCCIX. 



tion of tlieir sliip and goods, or full satisfaction. P.S. — The exami- 
nation above mentioned will be presented to you by the bearer, 
under the seal of the Admiralty. [Draft. 1 ^.] 

Jan. 9. 46. Minute for entry on the Council Register that Sir Francis 

Popham having been sent for as a defaulter at the last musters at 
Church Tawton, co. Devon, -was, freed from further attendance, 
having promised conformity for the future, as signified by the Earl 
of Bedford, the Lord Lieutenant. [|- p.] 

Jan. 9. Similar minute that John Fountain and forty-nine others who are 

here enumerated, being similar defaulters in Devon, upon promise 
of future conformity were discharged, [yfritten on the sarnie jpaper 
as the preceding article. ^ p.'\ 

Jan. 9. The like of the discharge of Ann Thornton alias Bamadiston and 

Thomas Pitcher, defaulters at musters in co. Cambridge. \Ihid, 
2 lines-l 

Jan. 9. Order of Archbishop Laud, the Lord Keeper, Lord Treasurer, 

Whitehall. Lord Privy Seal, and Lord Cottington, referees. Upon hearing Sir 
Robert Carr and his lady and their counsel, it was ordered that 
there be a covenant entered into the assurance to be drawn up for 
settling a yearly maintenance for the said lady and her children, 
that if Sir Robert shall see cause to remove any of his children from 
his lady, for education, there shall be out of the 1,000?. per annum 
allowed by him for maintenance of his lady and children an abate- 
ment of lOOZ. per annum for the education of every child that Sir 
Robert shall so remove, unless good cause be shown by his lady to 
the Lords. [Ibid. ^ ^.] 

Jan. 9. 47. Minute of warrant from the Council to Simon Wilmot to 

bring before the Lords Thomas Tyrer, of the Halfshire hundred, 
and John Jakeman, of Pendock, co. Worcester. [7 lines.J 

Jan. 9. Similar minute of warrant to Thomas Welch to bring Thomas 

Wood, now or late constable of the Jowy of Tunbridge, Joade, 

constable of East Mailing, Joseph Cock, one of the collectors of the 
hundred of Blackheath, Robert Petty, and Charles Sandford, now or 
late constables of Codsheath, Kent. [Written on the same paper 
as the preceding. 5 lines.] 

Jan. 9. The like to Nicholas Goldsborough to bring John Burrell, late 

constable of the hundred of Bircholt, with the now or late constables 
of Ashford and the himdreds of Chart, Longbridge, and Marden, 
and Edmund Thomas, constable of the hundred of Westerham, Kent 
[IHd. ip.] 

Jan. 9. The like of a close warrant to Mr. Peare, Recorder of Eomsey. 

[Ibid. 2 lines.] 

Jan. 9. The like to Mr. Barkham and William Duckeren, his servant. 

[Ibid. 2 lines.'' 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 301 



jgjjgg Vol. CCCCIX. 

Jan. 9. 48. Minute of the appearance before the Council of Richard 

Knighton, of Artleborough [Irthlingborough], co. Northampton. He 
is to remain in the messenger's custody. [4 lines.'] 

Jan. 9. 49. The like of a pass from the Council for William Rande, late 

master of the Unity, taken by the French King's subjects, and Peter 
Geldie, to repair into France to solicit the restitution of the said 
ship and goods. [J ^^.J 

Jan. 9. 50. Bishop Wren, of Ely, to the Council. Report on the case of 

Edward Powell alias Anderson, prisoner in Newgate. Powell was 
apprehended on the 5th June 1638, upon the riot then committed 
by an assembly of 200 persons, which they termed Anderson's Camp, 
but is not imprisoned on that account, but for other misdemeanours 
and foul speeches before and at the time of his apprehension. Since 
his imprisonment in Newgate he has wi'itten divers letters into the 
country, whereof two are annexed, by which it appears that he was 
a mover and abettor of the riot, though, perhaps, not present at it. 
When his Majesty was at Newmarket in Lent last, Powell gave the 
crier of Ely 2d. to make proclamation through Ely that all that 
would should meet the next morning to go to the King with a 
petition about their fens, for the losing of the fens would be the 
losing of their livelihoods. Upon notice thereof Mr. John Goodriek, 
one of the justices of peace, called Powell before him, who denied 
that he caused the crier to make such proclamation, and said, " If I 
deny it, the crier's evidence, being but one man, is no evidence, and 
if I confess it, what harm ? For what was he [Mr. Goodriek] and 
the rest of the justices? They were but bishop's justices, and not 
the King's." The next day, about five in the morning, Mr. Goodriek 
went into the market-place, and there found about 60 persons, with 
cudgels in their hands, and Powell with them. Mr. Goodriek asked 
him what he did there. He asked Mr. Goodriek if it were not 
lawful to be in the King's market-place, and so went to his company. 
Mr. Goodriek required the company to be gone, whereupon Powell, 
standing at the head of them, before Mr. Goodriek, with a great 
cudgel in his hand, said, " I was yesterday in your hands, and heard 
what you would say ; now you shall hear what I have to say. I 
will complain of you to the King, for the King, my master, bade me 
tell him of any that hinder me in my petitioning of him, and you 
now hinder me, and the King shall know it. Cannot you keep [at] 
home and take no notice of what we do ? " Among the poor people 
he hears and reports himself as one having ordinary access and 
speech with the King. They are told that the King at Newmarket 
leaned on his shoulder, and wept when he heard his relation. One 
of his letters says also that they may wonder he is so long in prison 
after the King's coming to London. The statements in his examina- 
tion, calendared in our last Volume, p. 504, are also here repeated, 
and it is added that he said to Mr. March, one of the justices of peace 
for the Isle of Ely, that if the King did not grant their petition it 
would cause a great deal of blood to be spilt, and when Mr. March 
came to give evidence of this speech, Powell called out to him openly, 
" Mr. March, before you take your oath, answer me to this ; were 



302 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



1638-9. ^^^- ^^^^^^- 

you never forsworn in all your life ? " These are the misdemeanours 
for which he was fined (200Z.) and imprisoned, and lies in execution 
for the same. Since his removal from the prison at Ely to Newgate 
the poor people are very quiet and in good order. [1| p.] 

Annexed, 

50. I. Edward Powell " to his worthye and 'much esteemed and 
assured good friend Mr. Hitch, preacher and deliverer of 
the divine misteries in the cittie of My." Such is the 
direction, but the letter is addressed " Loving friends a>nd 
good neighbours of the city of My and others." You 
may think it strange that I am this long detained in 
prison. The truth is, that I might forthwith have been 
delivered after tlie King's coming to London, had 1 not 
regarded your welfare more than mine, for the only 
cause <f my detention is that^L will not give up your 
names, to be fined and imprisoned as I am,, although I 
am daily urged thereunto, fair offers and large promises 
being annexed thereunto ; that not prevailing, then 
threatening language, terrible speech, %vith protestation 
of perpetual imprisonment is vowed unto me. But 
neither these large promises, threatenings, or mine own 
Tuisery {although greater cannot be, as well in body as 
mind) could as yet move or shake my fidelity to you, 
and although I should endure all the 'miseries in the 
world, yet would I never he enforced thereunto, 'may I 
be dealt withal accordingly by you. The truth is, I can 
be freed for a 'matter of 20L, which, underhand, must be 
given to such as are both able and willing to procure the 
same, which sum I am a huvible suitor to you all to 
collect amongst you, otherwise 'my condition is so la'ment- 
able, as 'my aged 'mother in great want, my harmless 
children much distressed, both 'my wife and self bitterly 
ruinated, besides the loathsome gaol, in which we core 
accompanied %t)ith noisoine stinks, cold, lowsy lodging, and 
almost all other 'miseries. I am amongst a labyrinth of 
grievous afflictions, which I cannot possibly longer endure, 
so that I 'must he constrained to give up your names if 
ive cannot be relieved by you. Hut I am confident that 
you will either perform 'my request {which is a s'mall 
matter amongst you all), or otherwise allow us a weekly 
'maintenance that we inay not utterly perish. P.S. — 
Wishes Mr. Hitch to read this letter, first to the in- 
habitants of Trinity parish, and then send it to St. Mary's. 
[1 p.-] 
50. II. The same (but not in the same handwriting) to the same. 
Is not able to " concesse " any longer, but only for their 
answer to his last letter. Is " salesed daily by my very 
good friends " [originally written "by my Lord of Bedford"] 
to reveal all their names. Will forbear but till the next 
return of the waggoner. Newgate, London, 29ih Novem- 
ber 1638. [I p.'] 



DOMESTIC— CHAELES I. 303 



1688-9. VOL.CCCCIX. 

Jan. 9. Commissioners for Gunpowder to Montjoy Earl of Newport. To 

deliver one last of gunpowder at 18c?. per pound to Godwyn Awdry, 
of Melksham, for replenishing the magazines in Wilts, Somerset, 
Dorset, Gloucester, and Hants. \Minute. See Vol. ccclv., No. 61, 
f. 8. i jj.] 

Jan. 9. 51. Sir James Douglas to Sec. Windebank. Please receive an 

Ber[wick-upon- index of all the acts of assembly holden at Glasgow ; except this 
^^® -■■ one, I know not any publicly at large. These factious people are 
very busy distributing pikes and muskets amongst their tenants and 
servants. For the Merse and Teviotdale, all the tenants are very 
unwiUing to receive any, much less to pay for them, repining to pay 
dear rents and buy armour, and dare not to say if his Majesty proclaim 
them easy of the rent they will serve the King. Thus for the 
borders ; I think elsewhere the same discourse goes. Assure your- 
self the actors in this, their estates are not such as can maintain 
much war, if there be any kind of debarring them from taking from 
neighbours, who I hope will be unwilling to part from their own. 
Some time ago the Bishop of Gal[lo]way sent to a friend here to 
take a house for him against the 4th inst. Some Puritans hearing 
of it, supposed he would present himself to their communion on 
Sunday the 6th, murmuring they would seclude him if so were, he 
being excommunicate by the assembly. Hearing of it, I sent to 
speak with Master Dourie, requiring what he would do if such 
accident befeU, [and] withal told him he was not ignorant of the 
unlawfulness of the assembly. He replied he would not debar him. 
The bishop did present himself to their communion, coming here 
upon the Friday. The second minister, one Master Bennet, went 
to Master Dourie, demanded what he intended, for he perceived the 
bishop, who was excommunicate, intended to communicate with them. 
The other replied he acknowledged no lawful excommunication, so 
went on. If our Scots people had received advertisement that upon 
their excommunication the bishop had been debarred within England, 
it would have given them occasion to insult, and there is some forty 
in this town disappointed in this. Do not take it amiss that I 
importune you with the question I have with the town of Berwick, 
for the grounds they withhold from me unjustly. In place of 
answering his Majesty's letter they have made an unjust petition, 
whereof please you to receive the double. In respect they make a 
common practice in their oppressions to put every one here to suits 
in law, thinking the party will rather quit a part of his right before he 
undergoes the charges that he must do before he recover remedy, 
my petition to his Majesty is, that he will give them to understand 
that they should sue me and put me from it by the due course of law. 
I am in possession, and all enjoyed these lands before me as their 
introduction to this claim fell to them being tenants to the Earl 
of Suffolk. At the present the town has not a beast going there 
except my tenants'. [3 pjp.] Enclosed, 

51. I. An index of the principal Acts of the Assembly at Glasgow, 
held in November 1638, with copy of the sentence of 



304 DOMESTIC— CHARLES 1. 



1638-9. VOL.CCCCIX. 

deprivation and excommunication against John Spottis- 
wood, pretended Archbishop of St. Andrew's, and five 
others of the Scottish bishops, also notes of similar sentences 
against six others of them. [2 pp."] 

Jan. 9. 52. Minute of his Majesty's pleasure that Lord Treasurer Juxon 

Whitehall, and Lord Cottington consider again the business which was referred 

to them upon the petition of Viscount Rochford, and inform his 

Majesty what, upon hearing both parts, they conceive to be just. 

[i P-] Underwritten, 

52. I. Lord Treasurer Juxon and Francis Lord Cottington to 
the King. In November last we made your Majesty a 
true state of this business, and how Mr. Howson had put 
an information in the Exchequer to prove that the hamlets 
of Clifton and Braithwell were no parcels of the manor 
of Conisborough, co. York, granted to the Earl of Dover's 
father ; and how Viscount Rochford {who pretended the 
same included in the former grant) had oiotiuithstanding 
submitted his tithe to composition. Upon the above 
reference we again called both parties before us, and then 
Lord Rochford desired to com,pound, and Mr. Howson 
seemed not to withstand it, but until we receive your 
Majesty's pleasure we would make no further proceedAngs 
in it. ] 9i/i Jamiictri/ 1638[-9]. [^p.] 

Jan. 9. Petition of Robert Wilks to Henry Earl of Holland. Petitioner 

was presented by the regard of Battle's bailiwick, the 18th Sep- 
tember 1637, for felling upon his copyhold lands in Warfield, in the 
forest of Windsor, twenty elms, worth 3s. a piece, contraiy to the 
laws of the Forest, surrendered and estated on him by Humphry 
Weston, who had a licence for him and his assigns from liis Lord- 
ship for felling the said trees, by warrant dated 20th April 1636. 
Petitioner prays that he may liave the fine taken off. [Copy. 
See Vol. ccclxxxiv., p. 43. 1 p.'] Underwritten, 

I. Affidavit of petitioner Robert Wilks. The twenty elms in the 

above petition mentioned were standing upon lands 
lately purchased by him of Humphrey Weston, and for 
felling which elms Weston had co licence, 9th January 
1638[-9]. [Ibid, ^p.] 

II. Ansiuer of Lord Holland. Direction to Mr. Keeling that 

petitioner should be discharged of his fine upon pro- 
ducing the licence above mentioned. [Ibid. 3 lines^ 

Jan. 10. Grant to Archbishop Laud, Lord Keeper Coventry, Lord Treasurer 
Juxon, and others, to be his Majesty's commissioners for laying 
out proportions of ground and for compounding witli the occupiers 
and owners thereof, for the aqueduct undertaken by Sir Edward 
Stradling, Sir Walter Roberts, and William Newce, to be brought 
from springs near Hoddesdon to London and Westminster, by a 



EOMESTIC— CHARLES T. 305 



1638-9. Vol. CCCCIX, 

vault of brick or stone ; and for earth for making brick, and for 
ways for workmen, carts and carnages, to and from the same, and 
to certify such as shall befoand refractory or impugners of the work. 
[JDocquet.} 

Jan. 10. Grant of an almsroom in the cathedral of Worcester to Nathaniel 
Giles, the same being void by the expulsion of Thomas Jones. 
[Docquet.'] 

Jan. 10. Presentation of Jeremy Nelson, clerk, M.A., to the rectory of In- 
goldsby, CO. Lincoln. [^Docquet.l 

Jan. 1 0. 53. Sir Arthur Ingram, Sir William Savile, Sir John Hotham, 
Manor at York, gij- Edward Osborne, and ] 7 others, deputy lieutenants and colonels 
of CO. York, to the King. Having considered divers propositions 
made unto us by Sir Jacob Astley, sergeant-major general of the 
field, and Colonel Sir Thomas Morton, conducing to the defence of 
the kingdom, and more particularly of these northern parts, we 
profess that, in case your Majesty shall find cause to command our 
service, we in our own persons, together with the trained bands of 
tliis county, being double of our ancient number, will be ready to march 
with the arms charged upon us to such place of rendezvous as you 
shall assign, there to enter into pay according to your Majesty's 
instructions to Sir Jacob Astley. Nevertheless we beseech your 
Majesty to consider in what state our country, fortunes, wives, and 
children will be then left, when those forces shall be drawn from us, 
which, as we conceive, are, and always have been, settled amongst us 
for our defence at home, and for anything that we have ever heard 
or can find to the contrary, even in times of greatest hostility, were 
never all at once employed out of our county, nor can we but expect 
many disorders from forces raised out of other parts for securing ours 
during our absence, as may appear by experience of some former 
times. All which we submit to your wisdom, being confident that as 
your most vigilant eye of providence ever watches over all your 
kingdoms, so you will take us and our country into consideration. 
[^Endorsed by the King, " A letter from the Deputie Lieutenant of 
Yorkeshire," to which Windehanh has added, " delivered to me by his 
Majesty, 16th January, in Council." 1 p.'] 

Jan. 10. Henry Earl of Holland to John Keeling. I have been informed 
of some circumstances which induce me to reduce a fine mentioned 
in an extract from a swainmote roll here quoted to 13s. 4cZ. [Copy, 
See Vol. ccclxosxiv., p. 45. 4 lines.'] Written above this direction, 

I. Extract from a roll of a swainmote held 27th September, 
lUh Car. I., [1638]. The jurors found that Sir Anthony 
Thomas, of Chobham, had cut down and sold 20 oaks lately 
growing upon a piece of land called Inholmes, near 
Valley Wood, within the perambulation of Windlesham 
and the bailiwick and fo'rest of Windsor, of the value of 
40s., without vieiu of the forester. [Copy. Latin. Ibid, 
p. 44. -I p."] 

13. U 



306 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638-9. ^«^- ^^^^^- 

Jan. 10. 54. Sir Thomas Wise, late sheriff of co. Devon, to Nicholas. I 
Sydenham, demanded a warrant of assistance to be given to the head constable 
of ever}'' hundred, and the petty constables of each parish, to collect 
monej'^ in arrear, which the now sheriff imagined that he could not 
grant, and therefore I am disabled to coUect the arrearages so 
speedily as to pay the same at the beginning of next term, which 
I beseech you to express to the Lords, as also to desire them to 
give new orders and afford me further time, otherwise I will not 
fail (according to their commands) to wait on them the 3rd 
February, concerning which I entreat your endeavour that I may 
save such a journey, and gain freedom to speed tliis employment. 
There is about QOOl. due from the corporations. I will be earnest 
with the mayors. Some money being in constables' and collectors' 
hands, I have employed my under-sheriff to caU upon tliem, and 
in case of delay I shall certify their names and beg the Lords' 
assistance. I have desired George BuUer to attend you herein, 
[Seal vnth crest, l^p.J 

Jan. 10. 55. Lord George Digby to [Edward Viscount Conway and Kil- 
Sher[borne]. lultagh]. My brother going to London to tender his service to my 
Lord of Northumberland, I thought fit to accompany him with 
mine to you ; so unuseful a creature as I am cannot but need a 
reviving in your memory. The bearer will assure you how am- 
bitious I am of a place there, and in return I must do him the 
like in letting you know the great desire he has to be owned 
for a friend and a servant of yours. If you allow of the relation, 
both he and I have obtained one of our chiefest pretensions. I 
send you here a catalogue of such Spanish books as are thought 
the best by one well versed in the several authors of that language. 
Many of them I think to be pamphlets, but you may range them 
among your volumes of " Balletts." At least they will let you 
see my care to obey your commands even in trifles. [1 p."] 

Jan. 10. 56. Modern copy of the same, in the handwriting ot Mr. Thomas 
Crolton Croker. [1 p.] 

Jan. 10. 57. List of an addition of 39 horse for the trained bands of 
Devon, imposed this day at Exeter. The names of the persons 
upon whom this addition was imposed in every hundred are stated. 
[I p.} 

Jan. 1 1 . Proclamation for fixing the price of the several kinds of wine 
Whitehall, then in use. For one year next following Ganaiy wines and 
" AUegants " were to be sold in gross at 191. the pipe, Muscadels in 
gross at 191. the butt, and at 145. the quart by retail, Sacks and 
"Mallagoes" at 17 1, the butt in gross, and at 12cJ!. the quart by 
retail, the best Gascoigne and French wines at 191. the tun, and the 
"Rochelle wines and other small ^and thin wines at 161. the tun in 
gross, and at 7cZ. the quart by retail. [Imperfect, See CoU. Frocs., 
Car. I., No. 220. 1 p.] 



DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 307 



1638_9. ■ Vol. CCCCIX. 

Jan, 11. Grant of the office of Treasurer of the Navy to Sir William 
Russell and Henry Vane, Esquire, with all such fees as Sir William 
Russell had by a former patent, which he has now surrendered ; 
which fees are to be paid out of the Treasury of the Navy by 
retainer in their own hands out of the moneys there remaining, 
and in default of moneys there, they are to be paid out of the 
Exchequer. [Bocquet^ 

Jan. 11. 58. The King to Bishop Morton, of Durham. We are informed 
Westminster, that the late Dean of Durham has suffered both his houses, 
especially that in the country (from which by reason of infirmity 
he had been absent many year.s), to fall into great decay, and 
that he is dead, of a mean estate and in debt, so that we have 
cause to doubt his successor will hardly get satisfaction for those 
great dilapidations.^ We are further informed that the Dean, by the 
custom of that church, is to have the profits of his place for a year 
after his death, which is to go to his executors, who if the estate be so 
mean wiU hardly be brought, if they once get the money into their 
hands, to pay back any sufficient part towards the aforesaid dilapi- 
dations. We require the sub-dean and the prebends to lay up that 
money, and not to pay any part thereof till we have named a suc- 
cessor, and he shall have taken order to secure the dilapidations. 
[Copy. I p.} 

Jan. 11. Docquet of the same. 

Jan. 11. 59. The King to the Lieutenants and Deputy Lieutenants of cos. 
York, Lancaster, Chester, Stafford, Leicester, Derby, Rutland, 
Lincoln, Nottingham, Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, 
Durham, and of the cos. and towns of Hull and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
and to Sir Jacob Astley. We are called upon by an extraordinary 
occasion to prepare the forces and places of strength of our kingdom, 
to prevent such disorders as may otherwise fall upon the same, if 
we should be taken unprovided. Having lately given directions for 
mustering the trained bands in all our counties, we have thought 
good, for better performance of that service, to send Sir Jacob Astley, 
whom we appoint sergeant-major general of the field, and whose 
advice our pleasure is that you observe for arming, training, and 
exercising the troops of your cos. and give credit to him in such 
things as he hath in charge. And in case of any sudden invasion, 
we further authorize Sir Jacob Astley to raise forces and draw them 
together, and, to dispose them as occasions shall require ; wherein 
as we intend nothing but the safety of our subjects, so vte expect 
that Sir Jacob Astley, and those who are employed herein, shall 
receive encouragement by the cheerful observance that shall be 
given them, and we charge all justices of peace, and all our officers 
and subjects, that to the said Sir Jacob Astley they be assistant and 
obedient in all things. [Copy of the signed bill for the said com- 
mission. = 6 pp.] 

Jan. 11. Another copy of the same. [Slee Vol. cccccvi, 2^- oi. =zS pp.] 

V 2 



308 DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 



1688-9. VO..CCCCIX. 

Jan. 11. Petition of Leonai'd Welsted, son of Leonard Welsted, deceased, 
late comptroller of his Majesty's office for gold and silver wire, to 
the King. Petitioner's father having lately petitioned his Majesty 
to grant the place of comptroller of the said office to hira, with the 
fee of 801. per annum, his Majesty referred the said petition to the 
Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington, to certify their opinions who 
have therein fulfilled his Majesty's pleasure, as by the said petition 
- and certificate may more at large appear. In regard petitioner has 
been trained up in the said place of comptroller, he prays a grant 
of the said office with the fee of SOL. per annum, and that the Attor- 
ney-General may prepare a bill accordingly. [Copy. See Vol. cccciii., 
p. 25. ^ p.] tlnderwritten, 

I. Reference to the Lord Treasurer, Lord Cottington, and Mr. 
Attorney-General, to certify whether they hold the peti- 
tioner fit for this office, y/hitehall, llth January 1638[-9]. 
[Copy. Ibid. ^ p.l 

ir. Report of the Lord Treasurer and Lord Cottington. In their 
late report, in the lifetime of petitione7''s father, they gave 
account hoiv necessary this office was, and that they con- 
ceived the 801. per annum was to be paid by the sealers, 
and not by his Majesty. Of this opinion tliey dill con- 
tinue. They conceive petitioner very Jit to succeed his 
father. 19th January 1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid., p. 26. 

in. Reference to the Attorney-General to prepare a bill in accord- 
ance with the above report. Whitehall, January 

1638[-9]. [Copy. Ibid. \ p:\ 

Jan. 11. 60. The Council to the Justices of Assize for Dorset. At the suit 
Whitehall, of Thomas Devonish, late keeper of the gaol of Dorchester, we by 
letter of 9th December required you to hear the difference between 
him and W. Lawrence before the beginning of next term. Foras- 
much as Lawrence has by petition alleged that you, according to our 
direction in September last, had appointed to hear the same at the 
next assizes, and that many of the chief of the county being in- 
terested therein, it would be a great charge to bring fifty or sixty 
of them up hither, we require you to proceed in that business 
at the next assizes, as directed by our letter of the 24ith September 
last. [Draft, l^p.] 

Jan. Jl. 6L The same to William Earl of Devonshire, Lord Lieutenant of 
CO. Derby. We received your letter of the 1st inst. with an 
account of your performance of the direction of this Board touching 
the musters in that county. We express to you our thanks for 
your particular pains and care in a business so much importing 
the service of his Majesty and kingdom ; and as we have held 
it requisite to signify thus much to you, for your encouragement 
at your entrance into that charge, so we shall not fail to acquaint 
his Majesty therewith. [Draft. 1 p.] 



DOMESTIC — CHARLES I. 309 



1638-9. "^OL. CCCCIX. 

Jan. 11. 62. Order of Council. Having on 9fcli inst. heard the Viscountess 
Falkland's counsel touching her complaint against Philip Burla- 
machi, as to moneys claimed to be due to her from Burlamachi, 
and likewise a certificate made by two of the clerks of the council in 
that business, the Lords then appointed Mr. Binion, whom the said 
Lady challenged to have dealt very hardly with her touching the 
taking of 1,000?. for 500Z. principal, to attend this day to answer 
the same. Forasmuch as there was nothing made appear against 
Bnrlamachi worthy the Lords' further trouble, nor against Mr. 
Binion, who affirmed that he was 200?. or SOOl. a loser by Viscount 
Falkland, notwithstanding he received the said 1,000?., it was 
ordered that the said business should be dismissed, and that the 
Board be no further troubled thereby. [Draft. 1 p.^ 

Jan. 11. 63. Minute of a pass from the Council for William Crofts, her 
Majesty's servant, to repair into France with four servants. [^ p.l 

Jan. 11. Minute of a warrant to Edward Stockdell, messenger, to bring up 
Edward Alpe, of Framlingham, Robert Artue, of Che[di]ston, Arthur 
Jenny, of Knatshall [Knettishall?], Thomas Golding, of Dorshall 

[Darsham], and Jackson, of St. Peters, returned as defaulters at 

musters in Sufiblk. [Written on the same 'paper as the above. ^ p^ 

Jan. 11. Similar minute of warrant to William Faldoe, messenger, to 
bring up Thomas Carver, of Stratbrooke [Stradbroke], Thomas 
Browning, of Freshingfeild [Fressingfield], John Pennington, of 
Wilby, Richard Ward, of Metfield, William Dusgate, of Eye, and 
Henry Starling, of Occold. [Ibid. 4 lines.l 

Jan. 11. The like to James Naylor, messenger, for Sir John Prescot, of 
Hon[ing]ton, Sir Thurstane Smith, Lady Ford, of Butley, William 
Hurrell, of Bruisyard, returned defaulters at musters in SuiFolk. 
[Ibid. 4 /mes.] 

Jan. 11. The like to [William] Brookes, messenger, for Roger Trosse, clerk, 
returned for default of arms for his temporal living in Knowstone, 
Devon. [Ibid. 4 lines.'\ 

Jan. 11. 64. William Heles, Mayor of Plymouth, to the Council. I have 
Plymouth, received your letter of the 8th inst., and notice that you desire to 
pay the money due to the soldiers of the fort and the island of St. 
Nicholas for one half year to " Chriestyde " last. I have spoken with 
Mr. Gay, and enclose the account for the said half-year, being 
234?. ISs. 4c?. ; this they say was their promise made them by Sir 
James Bagg, their late governor, which sum if you will pay to John 
Hayes, secretary to Lord Goring, and receive his note payable to 
me here by Nicholas Opye, I will give them payment accordingly. 

[If] 

64. I. Account above alluded to, similar to that enclosed in letter 
of Thomas Gay of the Mh inst., save that the amounts are 
stated at 8d. per diem instead of \2l. per annum, and 
the 'mistake in the case of Athanaslus Reepe is rectified. 

Up-] 



310 DOMESTIC— CHARLES I. 



1638-9. • VOI..CCCCIX. 

Jan. 11. 65. Sir Jacob Astley to Sec. Windebank. The 5tli he went to 
York, Lord Clifford, and the 6th to Hull, where he stayed the 7th and 8tb. 
^^night'^^* Two ships were there, newly arrived out of the Netherlands with 
arms. The particulars of them he has sent, those he received from 
Quarles, to Mr. Comptroller, and since he hears there is another ship- 
lading of arms arrived there. Hull is situate so as to be made very 
strong. Explains what Capt. Legge and himself think necessary to 
be done for that purpose. By the Humber it can be relieved out of 
Lincolnshire with all provisions, without hindrance. A thousand 
men are sufficient to maintain the place against any siege. There are 
240 men of the trained bands in the town belonging to the Lord 
Deputj's regiment, and the town has always artificers and sailors, 
200 men, that may be armed from the King's stores. Two companies 
also may be called in from the regiments that lie in Holderness, and 
two others from Sir John Hotljfim's regiment that lies about Beverley. 
The people are inclinable to do all things for his Majesty's service, 
being now making the gates, and intend when the weather serves to 
cleanse the ditch of the town. In time of need Capt. Legge would 
make a fit governor. He is of good judgment, quick and industrious, 
and stands in good opinion of the mayor and inhabitants, but Sir John 
Hotham would fain be governor. By guessing, I suppose that 1,500/. 
would well fortify this town. The town complains of poverty and 
hinderances, envying the country about them which makes great gains 
by trading to and from their port. They show a way to cess a groat 
or Sd. upon every ton of goods that is laden in and out from their 
port. The 9th from Hull he went to see a horse company trained, 
being Capt. Butler's. The men and horse very good, but arms 
wanting. Suggests the sending 60 arms for cuirassiers to HuU. 
There are four gunsmiths at Hull ; one of them makes very good 
fire-locks. The 10th and 11th Sir Thomas Morton and the writer 
were very earnest with the Deputy Lieutenants and Colonels at 
York that their trained bands might be better armed, provided 
with officers, and exercised to the use of their arms, also their 
regiments supplied with trumpets and drummers, all which they 
promised, and fixed the 6th and 16th March for Sir Thomas Morton 
and the writer to view them. In the Assembly Sir Jacob was two 
days before he could get all the Deputy Lieutenants that are Colonels 
to declare absolutely their willingness to march to any rendezvous 
that his Majesty should appoint them. They stood upon such points 
as that their country was charged with a double number of men, 
that their families, by their removal out of their own country, were 
left to casualties, and other suppositions. In the end they all pro- 
tested their willing endeavours, and a letter to his Majesty to that 
effect is signed by them all. No trained bands established in North- 
umberland. The ordering belongs to the Earl Marshal, the Lord 
Admiral, the Earls of Clifford and Cumberland, and Lord Maltravers. 
They should send orders to their Deputy Lieutenants. Lord Clifford 
has given Sir Jacob a letter to Sir John Fenwick, one of the Deputy 
Lieutenants, a very able man. Colonel Traflford is come to the 
writer, who intends to take him along with him. There is but 300^ 



DOMESTICt-CHAELES I. 311 



1638-9. VoL.CCCCIX. 

received for arms at Hull, and Mr. Pinckney is to have 100^. of it, to 
make post-waggons or other things committed to him. [3| pp.] 

Jan. 11. 66. Sir Thomas Morton to Sec. Windebank. He has employed 
York. Capt. Thelwell for Lancashire and Cheshire, and Capt. Waytes for 
Westmorland and Cumberland. Eepeats much of the information 
already calendared in Sir Jacob Astley's letters, respecting the inspec- 
tion of the Yorkshire troops and the general meeting of the Deputy 
Lieutenants. Among the things debated in that meeting was the 
advancing the numbers of the trained bands from 1,000 to 1,500, of 
which, although it had been pressed, he conceived little likelihood of 
effecting it. Because Sir Jacob and himself had heard that the 
train-bands would not march out of their own counties, being for 
their defence, and such like idle prating, they thought good to put 
the question in this assembly, and found upon it many various 
minds and divers niceties, which being " refelled," in conclusion it 
was agreed that they would refer all to his Majesty, and serve him 
where and whensoever he pleased to command them. The writ