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Full text of "Annals of Ulster, otherwise, ... Annals of Senat; [micform]"

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awNala uiccbh. 

ANNALS OF UL8TEE. 

OTHERWISE, 

ANNALS or SENAT: 



A CHEONICLE OF lEISH AFFAIES 
FROM A.D. 431, TO A.D. 1540 



EDITED, WITH A TRANSLATION AND NOTES, 

BY 

WILLIAM M. HENNESSY, M.RLA., 

THE ASSISTANT DEl'UTY KEEPER OP THE EECOEDS. 

VOL. I. 

A.D. 431—1056. 

rOBLISHED BY THE AUTHOEIIY OF THE LOEDS COMMISSIONERS OF HEE lIAJESirS 
TEEASUEY, UNDEE THE BIEECTION OF THE COUNCIL OF THE 
KOYAL lEISH ACADEMY. 



DUBLIN: 

PRINTED FOR HEE MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE, 

By ALEXANDER THOM & Co. (Limited), Abbey Street. 



And to be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 
HODGES, FIGGIS & Co., 104, Grafton Street, Dublin; or 
EYRE & SPOTTISWOODE, East Harding Street, Fleet Street, E.C. ; or 
ADAM and CHARLES BLACK, 6, North Bridge, Edinbheuh. 



1887. 
Price 10s. 



Pkeface, 
Ohkonicle, 






CONTENTS. 



Page 
iii 

1 



PKEFATOEY NOTE. 



The Editor was desirous that the important pubhcation 
of which this forms the first volume should be published 
in a complete form, and not in separate volumes, for the 
reason that, considering the great value of the Chronicle, 
the questions so often discussed regarding the compilers 
and the sources from which the work was compiled, and 
the relation to each other of the MSS. from which the 
zext has been formed, it seemed necessary that these 
subjects should be dealt with in an Introductory Essay. 
But it would be obviously impossible to write an Intro- 
duction of the nature required before the whole work 
was in print. The Council of the Royal Academy, under 
whose direction the publication of the work has been 
placed by the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's 
Treasury, having ordered the immediate publication of 
this volume, the Editor submitted respectfully to their 
directions. The Introduction must therefore appear in 
the last volume of the work — in that, namely, containing 
the Appendices and Index. 

W. M. H. 

June, 1887. 



aMNalcc ulabh. 

ANNALS OF ULSTER; 

OTHERWISE, 

ANNALS OF SENAT. 



aMNala ulabh. 



Fol. IGaa. 



ihc, 

mei esr: iNCipeRe, •cm esc pMme. 




t leiiaip. CCnno abincaiincrcioiieT)omini cccc 
xxx." 1.° paUciDUif ccT) Scocor c( CelefT^mo 
uiibif Romae epifcopo oii-Dinat;iif epifcoptif, 
CCeao ez Ualepio coiipulibiif ppimup Tnic-iT;uin in iH- 
befimam, tic Chpifriim cpeT)epe pocuippenr, anno 
TeoTiopi 11111°. 



• Palladiiis. — Prosper Aquitanus, in 
his Ckronicon, Basso et Autioclio coss. 
(i.e. A.D. 481), after mention of the 
Council of Epliesus adds: " Ad Scotos 
in Christum credentes, ordinatus a 
papa Ccelestio Palladius, et primus 
episcopusmittitur" (0/)p.p.432). This 
cardinal lecord in Irish church history 
has been repeated by Beda, Chroiu, p. 
26, and//!s(. Eccl twice, i., 13, v., 24 ; 
where he assigns 430 as the year. I.e. 
of his mission, wliereas 431 was the 
date of his arrival. See Pagi, Crltica, 
t. ii., pp. 214J, 2386. Subsequent 
chroniclers, enumerated by Usslier, 
Wks. Ti., 353, have adopted the same 
form of words, among them Marianus 
Scotus, who notices both Palladius and 
Patricius, under the 8th of Theodosius, 
junior. Palladius is styled by Muir- 
chu, writing circ. 600, '- Archidiaco- 
nuS pape Caelestini" (Bk. Arm., fol. 
2aa). So theVit. Sec. in Colgan, Trias 
Thaum., p. 13b ; the Vit. Quarta, ib. p. 
386; Probus,;6. 486; the Vit. Tripart. 



Inict^al 'oechon, wliich Colgan not 
very closely renders, ''eximium Dia- 
conum," ib. p. 123a. 

- Celestinus. — The writers in the 
Book of Armagh note him as " qua- 
dragensimus quintu.i a. sancto Petro 
apostolo," fol. 2aa, Idaa. But Prosper, 
Idatius, and Marcellinus, whom these 
ann. profess to follow, have xli. 
Sixtus, his successor, is set down next 
year as xlii. 

3 Etlus and Valerius. — Their con- 
sulship belongs to 482. Bassus and 
Antiochusweretheconsulsofthisyear. 
^ Might believe Prosper 's in Chris- 
tum credentes has, from Ussher down, 
been generallj' understood as implying 
that there existed at the time in Ire- 
land a number of acephalous Chris- 
tians. Muirchu, who, writing about 
690, says of Palladius that he had 
been ordained and sent " ad banc in- 
solam sub brumali rigore possitam 
convertendam " (Bk. Arm., fo. 2ac«), 
or "ad doctrinam Scottorum" (ib. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



JESUS, 
Mine it is to Begin, Thine it is to Finish. 



KALENDS of January. In the year 431 from the 
Incarnation of the Lord, Palladius/ ordained by 
Celestinus,^ bishop of the City of Rome, is sent, in the 
consulship of Etius and Valerius,' into Ireland, first bishop 
to the Scots, that they might belieA^e' in Christ ; in the 
8th year of Theodosius.* 



[431.] 



IGaa). Nennius comes next, about 
half a century after the Book of Ar- 
magh was "written, and he, drawing as 
he says, " de historiis Scottorum licet 
inimicorum," expressly states " ad 
Sccttos in Christum convertendos" 
(p. 41). P rebus uses language simi- 
lar to that of Muirchu (Tr. Th. 484). 
The Tripart. Life, the substance of 
which can be proved to be older than 
800, says, ■do pfiaicepc tdo "Soroe- 
Laibh, ' to instruct the Gaeidhil'. So 
Vit. Sec. in Colgan, T,: Th., 136; 
Vit. Tert. (I'i. 23a) ; Vit. Quart, (ib. 
386) ; Jocelin (ib. 70a). Ussher's Irish 
Life had what his interpreter renders 
"ad prsedicandum Hibernis''; while 
his Latin Tripart. Life had " ad Sco- 
tos convertendos ad Christum" (II'^'*-! 
vi. 368). Even for the wording of the 
present text, which is so rude, there 
is a counterpart in the Annals of Inis- 
fallen at 431, " Palladius ad Scotos a 
Caelestino, urbis Eomae episcopo, or- 
dinatns, primus mittitur in Hiberniam, 
ut Christum credere potuissent. " This 



and the text would seem to imply that 
the Irish had the offer of conversion, 
but refused it. Prosper closed his 
chronicle in 465, but in a work which 
is peculiarly important as having been 
written in 433, i.e. 2 years after Pal- 
ladius' arrival, he says of Caelestine, 
" Ordinate Scotis episcopo, duin Ro- 
manam insulam (i e. Britanniam) 
studet servare Catholicam, fecit etiam 
barbaram Christianam" Contra Cas- 
siaimm, c. 20 (0pp. 209a). [nnes re- 
conciles the two statements of Prosper 
to his own satisfaction (Hist., p. 55) ; 
but Sir James Ware, more in accord- 
ance with Irish writers, says "Et ad 
Prosperi ipsa verba, Scotos in Chris- 
tum credentes, quodattinet, eafortasse 
referenda sunt ad tempus quo Pros- 
per Chronicon suum scripsit, quando 
nempe longe maxima pars Hibernise 
ad Christi fidem, S. Patricii prsedica- 
tiene et opera sua fuit conversa" (S. 
Patr. Opusc. p. 107). 

* Theodosius. — See note on Theodo- 
sius the younger,in the yearfollowing. 

b2 



4 CCMNCCICC UlCCOtl. 

let. lenaiji (ui. p. bin). CCnno Tiomini cccc.° xxx.° ii.° 
(nil. Tic. ccxxin. fecunDum T)ionifium). paT;|iicuif pefiti- 
eiiic aT> hibejimatn nono anno pejm 'Ceo'oofii mmopip, 
pi^imo anno epipcopacii)^ Z^l^yx:^, xl. n. epipcopi Romane 
eclepie. 8ic enumepanu OetJa ec ITlapcilluif bv Ipfio- 
"oojiuf in cponicif fuif. [In .xu (uel xim) anno pegm 
Laegaipe mic Neill. CCbinicio ininTDi n^xza Ixx. in7;ep- 
pperep u. Dccc Ixxxu ; nixca uepo Gbpeop TnT. ■Dcxxxtii. 
CCb mcapnacione uepo iiixca Gbpeop ■dcIxxxu, fecumDUm 
aucetn "Oionipium cccc. xxx. ii.° anni p one ; pectimjuni 
uepo betjam cccc. xocxi anni punc] 

|Ct. lenaip. CCnno "Domini cccc. xocx. iii°(iTn.T)C. xxxtin.) 
jet. lenaip. (n. p. lu. u.) CCnno -oomini cccc.° xxx." 
1111.° (TTvi. -ocxocxum.) Cecna bpar; Saxan X)i ©pe [no 
mv eipinn]. 



' Friday. — This was leap-year, and 
the Sunday letter CB, as the 1st of 
January fell on the sixth day of the 
week. It may be observed here, once 
for all, that the chronological nota- 
tions, except the year of the Lord, 
whether at the beginning or close of 
the entries of each year, are not in 
prima marni, but added subsequently 
in paler ink. 

^ Diomjsius. — See his system referred 
to at A.D. 531 infra. 

3 Patrick arrived. — See Ussher, 
Wh., vi., 370, 371, 396-407, 443; 
Todd, St. Patrick, pp. 392-399. 

^ Theodosius the younyer There 

are three dates for the commencement 
of the reign of Theodosius junior — 
1st, A.B. 402, when he was declared 
Augustus by his father, Arcadius; 2nd, 
A.D. 408, when Arcadius died, and he 
succeeded to the empire of the East ; 
3rd, A.D. 423, when, on August 16, 
his uncle Honorius, Emperor of the 
West, died, and thus left him supreme 
in the regions of Latin. The third era 



is that which these Annals adopt, as 
did Beda, in Chron., and U.E., i., 13. 
So also the Chron. Scot. ; Ann. Inisf. ; 
Leah. Brec. ; Vit. Tripart., and Mari- 
anus Scotus. Tirechan states, " xiii. 
anno Teotbosii," but 30 + 24 would 
be according to the earlier computa- 
tions, so that his xiii. is evidently a 
clerical error for uiii. Baronius takes 
exception to the present date, and 
observes at A.c. 429, vii., "ex Prospero 
corrigendum esse Bedam " ; upon 
which Smith well observes, "non ex 
Prospero Beda, sed ex Beda Baro- 
nius corrigendus est" (Baeda, i., 13, 
p. 51). See Pagi, Crltica, ii., 2146, 
n., xi. 

' Xistus — Overthisnameiswritten, 
in another hand Celestine, which is an 
error. Celestine died 13 July, 432, 
and Sixtus iii. was consecrated eleven 
days afterwards. In the chronicles 
of Prosper, Idatius, and Marcellinus, 
Sixtus is set down as 42nd Bishop of 
Rome. 

Chronicles, — -This is a very slov- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Friday,^ m ) a.d. 432 (4636, according L432.] 

to Dionysius)." Patrick arrived" at Ireland, in the 9th 
year of the reign of Theodosius the younger," in the first 
year of the episcopate of Xistus,* the 42nd bishop of the 
Church of Rome. So Beda, and Marcellinus, and Isidorus 
compute in their chronicles.'' [In the 15th (or 14th) 
year of the reign of Laegaire, son of NialL' From the 
beginning of the world,^ according to the Lxx. Interpre- 
ters, 5885 years ; but according to the Hebrews, 4636. 
Also, from the Incarnation, according to the Hebrews, 
685 ; but, according to Beda, there are 431 years.] 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 433 (4637). [4.3,^] 

Kal. Jan. (Monday, m. 5.) A.D. 434 (4638.) The [434.] 
first prey' by the Saxons^" from Ireland [or, in Ireland]. 



enly entry ; the chronological order 
of the writers is inverted, and Beda 
says nothing on the subject. Marcel- 
linus has — " Valerio et Aetio coss. (i.e. 
432), Romance ecclesise Xystus xlii. 
episeopus ordinatus, vixit annis yiii." 
' Laegaire, son of Niall — O'Fla- 
herty makes the 4th of Laeghaire to 
synchronize with 482 ; therefore 428 
+ 85, the length of his reign, makes 
468, the correct date of his death. 
Ann. Inisfall., and the ancient autho- 
rities cited by Petrie from Leabhar 
Brec, place Patrick's arrival in the 
4th of Laeghaire (7'am, 77, 79) ; so 
also the F. Mast. Nennius says, " In 
quinto anno Loygare regis exorsus est 
praedicare fidem Christi" (p. 44). 
But though Ann. Inisf. here assign 
the 4th, further on they have a stray 
sentence, which contradicts this — 
" Patricius vero xiii„ vel ut alii di- 
cunt xiiii". anno ejusdem venit ad 
Scotos Patricius.'' And in the present 
entry xilii. is written al. man. over 
xu. The addition therefore of 10 to 
the regnal year of Laeghaire brings 
us down to 443, the date at which 



Todd has arrived from independent 
considerations, S. Pair. 392-399 

Beginning of the world, — The 
whole of this chronological paragraph 
is added by another hand, which sub- 
sequently appears in similar additions. 

s Prey — The Irish bfiac or bfian 
seems to be cognate to the Latin 
praeda. From bifiaT) comes the ad- 
ject. bp.a'oacTi " thievish," the noun 
bixcroaij, a " thief," and the name 
mac biT.a'Daig, now Brady. At 820 
infra, we find bytat) in the foi'm 
pjaaeT). 

"• Saxons. — The Saxons first ap- 
pear in history at A.D. 287, and then 
as marauders. At 864, according to 
Ammianus Marcellinus, " Picti Saxo- 
nesque, et Scottl et Attacotti Britan- 
nos serumnis vexavere continuis" 
(xxvi. 5). They were associated with 
the Picts when defeated by the Bri- 
tons in the AUeluiatic victory, which 
Ussher, on just grounds, places at the 
year 430, and which was certainly 
prior to the year 485, as St. Germa- 
nns the leader died that year. See 
his excellent obss., Wis. v. 385, 



cciiMalo: uLccdIi. 



Fol. IGai. 



let. lencciiL CCnno T)omini cccc." xxx." ii.° (rnT. dc xxxux.) 
Vf]o\iY bpepi^ail iiegif laigen. [Opopiui^ et; Pjiofpep er 
Ciinlluf in -Docciiina Cbpifci plopuepunc fecutTDum 
cfuo'foam]. 

let. lenaij^. (4 p. L 27.) CCnno ■Domini cccc.° xccx. 
ui.° (vm. DC. xl.) 11 el hic nioiif biiepait. OpofUif et; 
Plioppe]! ec Ciitilluf in Clipipco plop.iieiaiinc, [iiel in 
■Doccpma Chpifci, pecunDUm aliof. 11 el hoc anno Ope- 
pal mopcutip epc pecunDUm alio]']. 

]ct. lenaip. (6 p., I. 9, alias 8^) CCnno T)omini cccc.° 
ocxx." 1111.° (nil. -DC. xli".) pnnbapp mac Inn OapDcne. 

|ct. lenaip. (7 p., 20 lunae.) CCnno T)oniini cccc." 
xxx.° U111." (iTn. -DC xlii.°) Senctipmop -do pcpibunn ; [iiel 
qtioT) hie -oebec inpepi SecunDup cum pocnp pecun-oum 
alium lihpum]. 



Also Thorpe's Lappenbcrg, vol. i., 
fi2, 63. The Irish invasion here re- 
corded maj^ have been a sequel to 
their defeat in Britain. These annals 
assign their permanent arrival in 
England to 46i ; and they add asecond 
descent on Ireland at i7] infra. The 
authorities, followed by the Books of 
Lecan and Ballymote, represent the 
wife of Eochaidh Muighmedhoin, 
Cairenn Casdubh ("curly black"), 
mother of Niallis. Host., as daughter 
of a king of the Saxons. Which is 
adopted by O'Flaherty, Or/yg. 376, 
393. Indorb Find, also, wife of 
Eoghan, son of Niall, is said to have 
been daughter of a Saxon prince. 
Mao Firbis, however, Geneal. 3fS., p. 
108, contends that the first named 
woman was more likely to have been 
Pictish or North British. It is curi- 
ous tliat the B. of Armagh, referring 
to the death of Munissa, a disciple of 
St. Patrick, whom some of his Lives 
style Britonissa^i speaks " de morte 
Moneisea Saxonissa'' (fol. 20 ab). 



1 Bressal — More fully in the F. 
Mast. (4:35), " Breasal Bealach, son 
of Fiacha Aiceadh, son of Cathair 
Mdr (king of Leinster), died." The 
death of Cathair Mdr is set down at 
A.D. 174, so that there must be a de- 
ficiency of several generations in the 
descent. See Keating, 308 ; Ogt/g. 
311; B. of Rights, 201-203. 

^ According to some. — This, from 
Orosius, added al. maiiu. See under 
next year. 

3 Orosius — Cyril. — Ororius, in A. 
by a clerical error. Paulus Orosius, 
a priest of Tarragona, flor. 416. In 
413 he was sent by two Spanish 
bishops to St. Augustin ; during his 
stay with whom, and at whose in- 
stance, he composed his Historia. 
St. Augustin characterizes him as 
" Vigil ingenio, promtus eloquio, 
flagrans studio," Ejpist. 166. Prosper, 
of Aquitaine, appeared before pope 
Coelestine, in 431 (the year of Pal- 
ladius' mission), to vindicate the 
memory of St. Augustin. In 433 he 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 7 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 435 (4639). Death of Bressal/ King [435.] 
of Lemster. [Orosius, and Prosper, and Cyril flourished 
in the doctrine of Christ, according to some.]^ 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 27). A.D. 436 (4640). Or, here [436.] 
the death of Bresal. Orosius, Prosper, and Cyril,'' flour- 
ished in Christ [or, in the doctrine of Christ, according to 
others. Or, in this year Bresal died, according to others.] 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., ra. 9, or 8). a.d. 437 (4641). Finn- [437.] 
barr* son of Ua Bardene. 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 20). a.d. 438 (4642). The Sen- [438.] 
chus Mor= was written. (Or, here should be inserted" 
Secundus with his companions, according to another 
book.) 



published his Collator, and in 455 he 
completed his Chy-onicon, which is a 
very important record. Cj'ril, patri- 
arch of Alexandria, presided at the 
third General Council, in 431, and 
died in 444. The mention ot his 
name here was probably suggested by 
Isidore, who says, in his Chronicon, 
" Hoc tempore Cyrillus Alexandrite 
episcopus, insignis est habitus." 0pp. 
vii. 101. The best edition of his 
works is that by Jo. Aubertus, 6 torn, 
(in 7 voll), fol. Paris, 1638. Gibbon 
accuses him of tyranny, murder, and 
a long list of crimes and infirmities. 
Decline, ch. 47. With such a wide 
margin as the claruere of these three 
writers it was absurd to repeat the 
entry the year folloiring. 

* Finnharr. — The F. Mast, borrow 
this entry, changing the descent to 
mac Ua baitiTiene, and addingTiecc, 
' died ' ; but they give no clue to his 
lineage or historj'. O'Donovan sup- 
posed that Ua Baird, which appears 
in St. Patrick's kindred, might be 
intended. It is more likely, however, 
that the reference is to some one 



niaccu baiii-aetie, 'of the sons of 
Bairdene,' such as the Dal Bairdine 
of Uladh, whom Tighern. notices at 
G28, these Annals at 627, and the F. 
Mast, at 623. Colgan's conjecture 
of Firtnanus, Tr. Thaum. 268ffl, is in- 
admissible. 

6 Senchus Mor ' ' Chronicon Mag- 
num scriptum est." O'Connor, R. H. 
SS. iv. 1 . It was a body of laws, the 
first materials of which were com- 
piled by St. Patrick and some of his 
disciples; and which grew by sub- 
sequent accretions till it attained its 
present voluminous dimensions. The 
■Senchujp 1T16)\, occupying 4 vols, of 
the intended series of the Ancient 
Laws of Ireland, was published in 
tlie years 1865, 1869, 1873-79, edited 
by Professors Hancock, O'Mahony, 
and Richey, from the texts and trans- 
lations of the late Dr. O'Donovan 
and Professor O'Curry. In the 
learned Prefaces to these important 
volumes full information is given of 
the code. 

^ Inserted. — Inserti, for inseri, A. 
See under next year. 



8 aNMalcc uIodTi. 

•b. jet. lenaiii. (i. p, I. i.) CCnno -oommi cccc." xxoc." ix." 

(mi. -DC. xlm.) SeciinDUf, CCuxiluiy, ec 8ei"ininiif mirun- 
cu)^ec epifcopi ipfi in tlibepniam in atiocilnim pacfiicn. 
]ct. lenai)^ (2 p, I. u.) CCnno "oomini cccc.° xococx." 
(niT. -DC. xlmi.) Gxitruf CCifci epifcopi Romane aecle- 
fie, qui uixit; uni. annif 111 epifcopcrcu Romane eclefie 
ec XXU11. T)iebuf, uc be-oa nctppcrc in cponico f uo. CCL11 
bbpi T)icunr; TTIaine •pibtim Meill in ly^co anno pepiffe. 
[OCu^tJfDin naerfi afina galSail on 15eacai§ f anpa f eif eT> 
blia-oain nhec ayv 3 xx.''" a aife, epipcoparuf uepo fUi 
anno 40. piopuiu CCtisufoin cipca annop "Doinini 
cccc.^of.J 



' Secvndus. — liecte Secundinug. 
Called Sechnall hj the Irish, and 
from him domnach Seclinailt, now 
Dunshaughlin, in the S.E. of Meath, 
derives its name. Born in 374, which 
is the alleged year of St. Patrick's 
birth, who was his uncle, and in 
honour of whom he composed the 
hymn Audite omiies. See Ussher, 
Whs. vi. 383, 384, 401, 518; Colgan, 
Tr. T/icmm., 2266 ; Todd, Lib. Htjmnor. 
7—42. His death is entered below at 
447. 

Auxillus Brother of Secun- 

dinus, sixth son of Eestitut Ua 
mBaird, and, with " Isserninus, or- 
dained as a coadjutor of St. Patrick. 
In Irish his name assumes the form 
of Ausaille or Usaille. Cill-Ausaille, 
now Killashee, in co. Kildare is called 
from him, and he is also patron of 
Cill Ua mBaird, now Killymard, near 
Donegal, in the county of the same 
name. His death is entered at 459 
infra. 

^ Sernimis. — Generally written Is- 
serninus ; but sometimes Eserninus, 
B. Arm. fol. 1566 ; Serenus, Tr. 
Thaum. p. 14a; Iserinus, Nennius, 43. 
In the B. of Armagh he is in three 



instances called epvcop Picli, one 
of which is as a gloss upon his name, 
in the following passage " Patricius 
et Iserninns (.i. epycop PicTi) cum 
Germano fuerunt in Olsiodra civitate. 
Germanus vero Isernino dixit utprae- 
dicare in Hiberniam veniret, atque 
prumptus fuit oboedire, etiam in 
quamcumque partem mitteretur nisi 
in Hiberniam. Germanus dixit Pat- 
ricio, et tu, an oboediens eris ? Pat- 
ricius dixit. Fiat sicut vis. Ger- 
manus dixit, Hoc inter uos erit; et 
non potuerit Iserninus in Hiberniam 
non transire. Patricius venit in 
Hiberniam. Iserninus vero missus 
est in aliam regionem : sed ventus 
contrarius detulit ilium in dexteram 
[i.e. australem] partem Hibernia;," 
(fol. 18 aa) ; probably Magh Itha, or 
the barony of Forth, on the south 
coast of the county of Wexford. 
Ann. Inisfall. at 440, say, " Secuu- 
dhius et Auxiliarius, et Iserninus 
mittuntur in auxilium Patricii, nee 
tamen tenuerunt apostolatum, nisi 
Patricius solus." So also Chron. Scot. 
438. This joint action appears in 
the titles of some collections of Irish 
Canons, and strikes the eve in the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 1). a.d. 439 (4643). Secundns/ 
Auxilius,^ and Serninus,' themselves also bishops, are sent 
to Ireland, in aid of Patrick.'' 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 5). A.D. 440 (4644). The decease 
of Xistus," bishop of the church of Rome, who lived 8 
years and 27 daj^s in the episcopate of the church of 
Rome, as Beda, in his chronicle, relates. Some books say 
that Maine son of NialP perished in this year. [Saint Au- 
gustin'' taken away from this life in the 76th year of his 
age, and the 40th j'ear of his episcopate. Augustin 
flourished about the year of Our Lord 400.] 



[439.] 



[4^0.] 



earliest synodicala which appear in Sir 
Henrj' Spelman's, and Williins' great 
collections of British Councils. For 
the entry of the death of Iserninus, 
see at 468 infra. 

* PatricJc. — In the margin of A. 
is an entry partly obliterated : no 
cotna'D ctiT\, .... geineamam 
bfii[5'Di], 'or, perhaps, on this [year] 
should be the birth of Brigid.' See 
under 456, infra. 

^ Xistus. — Sixtus iii. In the chron- 
icles of Prosper, Idatius, and Marcel- 
linus, he is reckoned 42nd Bishop of 
the church of Eome ; as also in these 
annals, at 432. His tenure of 8 years 
and 19 days, as calculated by Anas- 
tasius, is the correct period. These 
annals add 8 days, and also err in 
citing Beda as the authority, for he 
makes no mention, in either his 
Chronicle or History, of the ponti- 
ficate of this Sixtus. 

« Maine, son of Niall. — Fourth son 
of Niall ix. Host, and one of the four 
brothers, whose posterity constituted 
the Southern Hy Neill. His descend- 
ants, who occupied Teathbha or Teffia, 
were represented by O'Caharny or Fox, 
Magawley, O'Breen, O'Daly, &c. in 
the present counties of Longford and 



Westmeath, see Keating, p. 372 ; 
Ogi/g. p. 401. The Tripart. Life. 
(ii. 26) states that Patrick, when he 
visited south Teffia, converted and 
baptized this Maine ; after which he 
founded the church of Ardachadh 
(Ardagh) ; but that Maine, on account 
of a deception which he practised, 
incurred the saint's severe displeasure. 
Colgan, Trias Thamn., 1325. 

' St. Augustin. — Bishop of Hippo. 
Possidius, in his Xr/e, says (cap. 31), 
" vixit annis lxxvi. in clericatu au- 
tem vel episcopatu annis ferme xl.'' 
Beda has the same words, Chron. 
p. 26 ; and Marianus Scotus, Chron. 
431. He was ordained priest in 391, 
and bishop in December, 396. He 
died V. Kl. Sept. (Aug. 28), a.d 
430. The insertion in the text is, 
therefore, ten years too late. See 
Tillemont, Memoires, torn. xiii. p. 
943 ; and the Latin version of the 
substance of his admirable memoir, 
which was made by Doni Hugues 
Vaillant and I)om Jacques du Frische, 
members of the congregation of St. 
Maur, in the exhaustive Vita which 
forms the first portion of the last 
volunje of the Benedictine St. 
Augustin, cols. 102, 141, 49), 



10 



cdiNalcc tilcct)ti. 



fCt. lencdii. (Xniio nonnni cccc" xl.° i.° Leo o|\T)iTia- 
ciif a;l. 11. Romane ecleyie epifcopuf ; ec ppobaruf epc 
in ■pi'De ccrcolica pcrciiiciiip epifcoptif. 

|ct. lenaip. (Xnno TDomini cccc.° ccL° 11.° 
Foi. l6Ja. ]ch. lenaii^. CCnno "oomini cccc." a:l.° 111.° pai^fiicuip 
•0- epij^copiif apx)ope piDei eu -oocciiina Chjiipi;i •plopenp in 
nopcpa ppoumcia. 

[Ct. lenaip. CCnno Dommi cccc." xl." 1111.° CCpDfnaca 
ptnToaca eyv. CCb tt|ibe con'oicct upqiie ax) hccnc ciui- 
cacem pinToacam nT. cxc. 1111. 

jet. lenaip. CCnno Tiomini cccc." xl.° 11." Wari macp- 
acpac maije "Call, mic Gachoch intii5nieT)0in 05 pleib 
ecdpa [no lap na Beim] do poignen ceinnx^ise 05 "doI 
cap ropainn obnr, ec xx.« rpibtip annip pejnauir; in 
llibepnia. 



1 Leo. — Consecrated Sept. 22, 440. 
These annals, at 433, correctly reckon- 
ed iSixtus III , 42nd Bishop of Borne, 
so that 42 here is n mistalie for 43, 
which is the number in Prosper, 
Matins, and Marcellinus. 

Catholic Jailh Ann. Tnisfal. at 

442, have " Probatio sancti Patricii 
in fide Catliolica.'' Ann. Clonmac- 
nols, at 427, say "Pope Leo was 
ordained the 46th or 47th to sncceede ; 
by whom St. Patriclj was approved 
in the Catholique F.eligion, and by 
the rest of the Popes of Rome that 
succeeded in his time, and then after 
flourished in the heate of Christian 
Eeligiou in this Land." 

3 In our provhtce Todd under- 
stands this of Ulster, and couples it 
with the founding of Armagh men- 
tioned under the next year. St. 
Patrick, 470. O'Conor's copy, how- 
ever, reads nostra Hibernia, which 
gives the term provincia a wider 
application. At the council of Aries 
in 314 Britain was regarded as a 



prorincia. In 592 Pope Gregor)' 
designates Italy a provincia; and 
half a century later John, pope-elect, 
writing to the Irish prelates speaks of 
Ireland as "provincia vestra" (Beda, 
II. E., ii. 19). The use of the terra 
provincia at that date forbids the 
limitation of it to the Irish coigeat) 
or province, as long subsequently 
adopted in ecclesiastical language. 
See Reeves, Adamnan, p. 451. Sicily 
was the first recipient of the designa- 
tion provmcia. 

' Ard-Macha was Jotmded. — In the 
Book of Armagh is the following 
curious notice concerning Trim : 
"iedilicavit feclessiani cum illis xxv. 
anno antequam fundata esset Eeclessia 
Altimachffi (fol. 16ia); which Ussher 
reads " vigesimo secundo " ( Wks. , 
vi. 414). His Tripart. Vit. had xxv. ; 
so also the Bodleian Tripart. Life, 
Colgan's copy {Tr. Th., p. 129a); 
but the Brit. Mus. copy has xxii. 
See Colgan's note, p. 1 00 {recte 1 10) 5, 
11. 57. The F. Mast, place the found- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



11 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 441. Leo' ordained 42nd bishop of the 
church of Rome : and Patrick, the bishop, was approved 
in the Catholic faith.*^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 442. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 443. Patrick, the bishop, flourishing 
in the zeal of faith and the doctrine of Christ, in our 
Province.^ 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 444. Ard-Macha was founded.* From 
the building of Rome" to the founding of this city is 
1194 years. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 443. Nathi," son of Fiachra of Mag-h 
Tail,' son of Eochaidh Mughmedhoin," was struck by 
lightning at the Alps mountain as he was passing the 
limits of the same, and died. He reigned 23 years in 
Ireland. 



[441.] 

[442.] 
[443,] 

[444.] 
[44.5.] 



ing of Trim at 432, and of Armagh 
at 457. See Colgan, TV. Tliaum., 
2906; Ussher, Wks., vi., 414, 570 
(an. 445 ) ; Lanigan, i., 312, 3 15, 317 ; 
Todd, St. Patrick, 260, 268-480. 

5 Building of Rome. — Foundation 
of Rome (according to Polybius), 751, 
B.C., which+444 = 1195. SeeUsslier, 
Wis., vi., 414; Colgan, Tr. Th., 1106, 
u. 57. Todd errs in saying, "Tlie 
Dublin MS. of these Annals seems to 
read 1197" (p. 469); it is plainly 
1194. Ussher, who owned the MS , 
so read it, and there can be no uncer- 
tainty about the reading, for a later 
hand has entered in the margin 
opposite, in Arabic numerals, 1194. 

Nathi The death of Nathi, or 

Dathi, occurred before the year at 
•which these Annals commence, namely 
in 428 ; as he succeeded in 405, and 
reigned 23 years. Accordingly it is 
at 428 that his death is recorded by 
the F. Mast., and O'Flaherty (.Ogt/c/., 
159,413). His name, however, occurs 
in theAnn. Inisfal. at 446, and it would 



seem that that chronicle, as well as this, 
borrowed from some authority which 
xrsed a different computation. Suppos- 
ing it to be correct, and that the arrival 
of Patrick occurred in the 15th of 
Laeghaire, it would almost coincide 
with the death of Sen Patrick, and 
would upset the chronology of these 
Annals. We must, therefore, conclude 
that the present entry is 18 years too 
late. Regarding Dathi's death, see 
Keating, 394; Ogijij., 413; and above 
all O'Douov. in Hy Fiachrach, 17-27, 
345, 846. The F. Mast., at 449, 
enter, instead, the death of his brother 
Amhalgaidh. 

' Magk Tail. — Seems to be apoetical 
name for Fiachra's inheritance. 
O'lluidhrin applies the term mop, 
maj 'Caii to the Dalcassian dominion 
of Brian Boru (Topogr. Poems, 98). 
OCurry, MS. Mater., p. 479. 

8 llughmeadhoin. — " In English 
Moist-middle, because he was much 
troubled with y« flux of y« bellye." — 
Ann. Clonmac. 



12 



CCNMCClCC Ula"Dll. 



.b. 



Fol. Wbb. 



[Ct. lenai]!. (in.):., 1. 18.) CCnno "oomini cccc.°ocl.° ui. 
(1111. ■DC. I.) bellum peiTiin in quo cecroiT; pitiUf Coeiv 
chin pill! Coelbou. CCbi 'Dicunc tdi cfiuirTiiB puife. 

[Cblenaiii. (4.p.,l.29.) CCnno "oom mi cccc."xl.°uti.''(vm. 
"DC. I1.) Cfuief Secttn'Dini pancri Iccx. t).° anno erarif fue. 

[Ct. lenaifi. CCnno ■Domini cccc.° xL° uiii.° Ingenr;! 
refijiaemocu peji loca iiapia imminence pUipimi up.bif 
niigufue mujii ^lecenci ccDhuc ]ie aeT)ipiccrcione con- 
pciiiicci ctim I. tilt, cuppibuf conpueiiunr;. 

[ct. lenaip,. CCnno 'Domini cccc.° xl° ix.° 'Ceo'DOfiUf 
impsfictcop. iiiuenT)i pinem pecii; fictic aT)pipmac TTlaiT.- 
cittmuf. Locum 'CeoT>opii niaficianuf impepacoiia-oep- 
cirp eyv, ui: maiicitlinuf t)icic. 

[ct. lencdji. CCnno "Domini cccc." l.° 



' Femliin. — Or Mngh Feimhin, as 
in Ann. Inisfal, 448. Keating gives 
tlie origin of the name at p. 142. It 
was a plain in tlie S.E. part of the 
present co. of Tipperary, comprising 
the barony of Iffa and Offa, and 
represented by the old rural deanery 
of Kilshillan, in the diocese of Lismore. 
It was taken about this time from 
Ossory, in Leinater, by Aengus, sou 
of Nadfraech, king of Munster, and 
transferred to the northern Deise in 
his province, for which he suffered at 
Cenn-Losnadhin489. Another battle 
of Femhin is recorded at 472 infra. 

' Son of Coerthenn. — Ann. Inisfal., 
at 448, have Cac muije Petmn edit 
niunechu yLaigniu in quo cecroic 
Caiacmn meic Coelbach qui lecic 
f;enup Lcting. Coelbadh, son of 
Crunn Badhrai, king of Uladh, was 
slain in 358. He was great-grandson 
of Fiacha Araidhe, from wliom the 
Dal-Araidhe, or Irish Picts, derived 
tlieir descent and name. The grand- 
son of Coelbadh, who fell in this 
battle, was probably the leader of 



Dalaradian auxiliaries in the service 
of the king of Munster, and mainly 
instrumental in the acquisition of 
Femhin. See note on Cruithne at an, 
573 infra. Reeves, Heel. Anfiqq. 
337, 349, 353, and Adamnan, 93, 94. 
The Chron. Scot. an. 445, makes 
Colboth son of Niall. 

3 Secimdimis. — Or Sechnall, of 
whom an. 439 supra. His festival 
is Nov. 27, at which day, Aengus 
wrote in his Felire, circ. 800 — 

Siatiaim ecnai conani 
SecbnaLl minT> a-p, ptacha 
Iflogab ceol. foeyi fo-wan 
ITIola-D Pac|iaic lllacba. 

A stream of wisdom with splendour, 
Sechnall diadem of our realm, 
Chanted a song, a noble solace, 
A praise of Patrick of Macha. 
The Life of Declan says : " de quo 
fertur quod ipse primus episcopus 
sub humo Hibernise exivit." See 
Ussher, Wis., vi., 384; Vit. Tripart., 
iii., 81 ; (Trias Thaum., 1656.) The 
deaths of St. Patrick's three coadjutor 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



13 



Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 18.) a.d. 446 (4650). Battle 
of Femliin/ wherein fell the son of Coerthennr son of 
Coelboth. Some say that he was of the Cruithne. 

Kal. Jan. (Wednesd., m. 29.) a.d. 447 (4651). Re- 
pose of Secundinus' the holy, in the 75th year of his age. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 448. By a violent earthquake/ which 
prevailed in various places, very many walls of the Im- 
perial city'' rebuilt of masonry still fresh, together witli 
57 towers, were thrown down. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 449. The Emperor Theodosius" closed 
his life, as Marcellinus affirms.'' Marcianus succeeded as 
Emperor in room of Theodosius, as Marcellinus states. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 450. 



bishops are enteved in these annals 
at the years U7, 459, 468. 

* Earthquake. — This account is 
borrowed word for word from the 
Chronicle of Marcellinus, where it is 
recorded under Indict, xv. Ardabure 
et Callepio Coss. (i.e., a.d. 447). 
Beda also notices the event, Ckron, 
p. 31, and H.E., i., 13. The fullest 
account of it is in Evagrius, who ex- 
plains the word imminenfe hj o Sh 
TTCtOoi Kal £774 ^poi-oj^ tTjq yijg 
ETrfKpaTijffer (Eccl. Hist., i. 17). 

5 Imperial city. — " Urbs Augusta" 
is ten times used by Marcellinus, and 
is borrowed by other writers, to denote 
Constantinople. The expression in 
Evagrius — avd Tr\v fiaaiXiSa was 
rendered in palatio, till Valesius gave 
the proper interpretation, in urie 
Regia. We find Regia urhs of Mar- 
cellinus copied in these annals, at 
526 infra. 

^ Theodosius. — Junior. In the top 
margin of A. there is this note on the 
name, in a different, but nearly coeval, 
band, " Ab isto Theodossio Bononia 
habuit privilegia studii po : et regnare 
cepic anno Domini cccc. 25 . Et 



regnavit annis x.xvii. De hoc vide 
gl. in Cle , i.e., dc Magiairis in verbo 
Bononiensi." The reference is to the 
Corpus Juris Canouici, in the Cle- 
mentinie, lib. v., tit. i. c. 5, where it 
is stated, " Hoc constat quod Bononia 
habuit privilegia studii a Theodosio : 
de minore tamen intelligo, qui 
regnare cepit (prout ex chronicis 
quas veriores puto, pcrcipio) anno 
Domini ccccxxxv., et regnavit annis 
xxvii. (.Kxvi. in some copies). Quo 
tamen anno sui imperii hec conces- 
serit, non percipio : currentibus autem 
cccclii. successit Martianus." Tom. 
iii., col. 286. 

^ Marcellinus a£irms. — His words 
are: "Indict, iii. Valentiniano, vii., 
et Abieno Coss. (i.e., a.d. 450). Theo- 
dosius Imperator Vivendi flnera fecit : 
regnavit post mortem Archadii 
patris sui annos xlii. Loco ejus 
Marcianus imperium adeptus est." 
Galland. Bibl. x., 848. He died, 
28 July, 450. Pagi, ii., 317. Beda 
agrees with these annals in antedating 
Marcianus' accession one year. H.E. 
i., 15. 



[446.] 



[447.] 



[448.] 



[449.] 



[450.] 



14 



ccNNalcc ulccoti. 



let. lenaiii. OCnno -oomnii cccc." l.° i "' pafca "oo- 
mini uiii.° ICaleiTDctplTicdi celebiiaciim efr. [Uel uepnif 
hie qmeuii; 'UeoT)ocuif minop-J 

jet. lenrcifi. CCiino Domiin cccc" l.° ii.° llic alii 
Dicunc ncrcuiiracem fancre bftigice. 1nceppect;io 
TTiajna lasenafium. [Uel ueimif hoc anno TTlaiacianuf 
impepa7;ofi fucceffi^ 'Ceo'Doi^io Tllinoi^i.] 

jet. lenaip. (ti. p., I. 5.) CCnno ■Domini cccc" l.° iii.° 
(vnT. -DC. lull.) Caciaomea'D |iia Loegaipe mac Weill 
pop Laisnitj. 

let. lenaiji. (6" p., 1. 16.) CCnno -oomini cccc" 1-° iiii.° 
(irii. •DC. luni.) Cena (aliap peip) "Cempa apUT) (aliap 
la) Loesaipe pilium Meill. 



^ The Lorcts Passover The Sun- 
day letter of this year was G, anrl 
the 24th of April fell upon Tuesday ; 
from which some might suppose that 
the Irish at this period were Quarto- 
decimans, i.e., observing I'^aster not 
on the Sunday which followed the 
14th after the vernal equinox, but on 
the 14th itself, irrespectively of the 
day on ivhich it fell. Both A and B 
mark this year in the margin as bis- 
sextile ; but it is 452 that was really 
so ; and its Sunday letter is FE, the 
24th of April falling upon Sunday. 
But there can be little doubt that 
the present entry is misplaced, and 
properly belongs to 455, in which 
year Easter was kept on the 24th 
of April by the Church of Alexandria, 
but on the 17th by some of the 
Latins, who followed the computation 
of Yictorius. Prosper, in the closing 
paragraph of his Chronicle, Valen- 
tiniano, viii- et Anthemio Coss. (i.e., 
an. 455), writes : " Eodem anno 
Pascha Dominicum die viii. Kalen- 
das Mali celebratum est, pertinaci 
intentione Alexandrini Episcopi, cui 
omnes Orientales consentiendum 
putaverunt : quamvis sanctus Papa 



Leo XV. Kalendas Mali potius 
observandum protestaretnr." Opp 
p. 438. In this year Leo the Great 
wrote to the Emperor Marcian to 
state that " eundem diem venerabilis 
Festi omnibus Occidentaliura partium 
sacerdotibus intimasse, quern Alex- 
andrini Episcopi declaravit instructio, 
id est, ut anno prsesenti viii. Kalendas 
Mail Pascha celebretur, omissis omni.- 
bus scriipulis propter studium unitatis 
et pacis." Leo referred the question 
in 451 to the best informed authorities, 
especially Paschasinus of Lilybasnm, 
and further commissioned Julianus, 
when proceeding to the Council of 
Chalcedon, to consult the most eminent 
fathers present on the subject, in 
order to avoid all fiiture uncertainty. 
Pagi, ii., an. 453. The Ann. Clonmac. 
give a curious turn : " The Eesurrec- 
tion of Our Lord was celebrated the 
Eight of Kalends of Way by the 
Pelagian heresie " ! See Labbe, Con- 
cordia Chronol, Pt. i., pp. 105, 108. 
The Ann. Inisfal. are very exact in 
assigning to the year 455 ' ' Pascha in 
viii. Kal. Mail" These annals, how- 
ever, are four years behind. Marianus 
Scotus says "Hoc anno, i.e., 455 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



15 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 431. The Lord's Passover' was cele- 
brated on the 8th of the Kalends of May. [Or, in this 
year, Theodosius Minor- rested.] 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 452. Here some place the nativity of 
Saint Brigid.^* A great slaughter of the Leinstermen.' 
[Or, truly, in this year the Emperor Marcianus^ succeeded 
Theodosius Minor.] 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 5.) a.d, 433 (4637). [Defeat 
in battle" of the Leinstermen by Loeghaire, son of 
Niall] 

Kal. Jan. (Friday, m. 16.) A.D. 454 (4658). The 
Cena (or Feast) of Temhair,' kept with (or by) Loeghaire, 
son of Niall 



incarnationia (iuxta Dionysium) 
Pascha Dominicum 8 die Caleudis 
Mail recte celebratum est, ordinatione 
sancti Theophili : quod sanctus Leo 
Papa 15 Calend. Mail potius obser- 
vandum protestatur." 

2 Theodosius Minor. — A aud B 
have tliis entry in al. man. After 
minor A adds : " ut patet ex glossa 
predicta in 1° anno in Clementinis, 
i.e., de Magistris, in verbo Bononieusi, 
juncto eo quod habetur in 2° anno 
pagine precedentis." 

^ St. Bngid These annals record 

her death in her 70th year, at 523 
aud 525, which refers her birth to 
453 or 455, the former being the date 
generally received. Ussher proposed 
453 (IFfe. vi., 445-447, 573), which 
Colgan, Tr. Th., 620b, and Lanigan 
(i., p. 378) have accepted. A mar- 
ginal note in A, at 438 svpra suggests 
that j'ear. Ann. Inisf. have 456, and 
An. Clonmac. 425. 

' ■^ Leinsiei-men.—Tina seems to be 
taken from a Latin version of what 
is recorded in Irish under the year 
following. 

^ Marcianus. — In A and B, from 
verius to minori is in al. num. A 



adds, " ut patet in Clementinis, t.e., 
de Magistris, in verbo Bononiensi 
predict. 1° anno." 

° Defeat iniatlle.-L\tera.]W 'battle- 
breach.' See Hennessy, Chron. Scot., 
p. 352a. In/erfectio is the equivalent 
in the preceding year. The old 
English translation makes the word 
a proper name, " the battle called 
Cathroine," but the place is not re- 
corded. The 7". Mast., at 453, add 
mop, and it is properly rendered by 
O'Don. ' a great defeat.' Ann InisfuL, 
at 456, curtly say vailfi'obe ^.o^en, 
' cutting off of Leinstermen,' paijixibe 
=poiflcb6 tlie olderform. The battle 
was probably fouRht in Leinster, aud 
concerning the Borumlia or 'Cow- 
tribute,' see at 458 infra. 

7 Feast of Temhair In A and B 

i:eir is given as the Irish word for 
cena, and is the only word employed 
in the entry at 461 infra. O'FIaherty 
calls it "Temorensis comitia" {Ogijg., 
213). Similar celebrations used to 
be held at Tailte (Teltown), and 
Uisnech (Ushnagh) ; but concerning 
this, which was the imperial one, see 
Keating, p. 414, and especially Petrie, 
Tara, 31, 32, 82-85, who asserts tiiat 



[451.] 



[452.] 



[453.] 



[454,] 



16 



ccNNtttcc ulcroh. 



■^- \Cl. lenctiia. CCnrio T)omini cccc.° L.° u.° Uicroinuf 

afcyiolojUf p[loii]inc. 

]ct. 1eTiai|i. (i. p. I. ia\) CCnno "oomini cccc" L° tii." 
(nil- T)c. Lx.j TTIoiip 6nnai mic Carboca, ec nacuiicaf 
pancce bjaigiDe, uc alii Dicunc THapcianup impepacoia 
iiiT;e ppipicum amippir. Inipepauic annip pex (abctp 
Ful. Uaa. quttcuop) ez TTienpibup tii, net, tit;i mapciUitnip T)Ocet;. 
Leo eiTieni pucceppii: [xiepiincT;o]. 

[Ct. lenaip. CCntio T)OTniiii cccc" L° 1111.° CaLceT)o- 
nenpip penoDUp conspegacup epc. Cfuiep penip pacpicii 
m alii libpi TMcunc 



this was the only convention of Tara 
held by Laeghaire during his reign 
(p. 83). 

' Victorius. — Or Victorinus, a native 
of Limoges in Aquitaine, whom Gen- 
nadius, Vlr. lUustr., c. 88, styles 
" Calculator scripturarum," flourished 
in 457. In that year he composed a 
new Paschal Canon, at the instance 
of Pope Leo, who, to prevent a recur- 
rence of the controversy which arose 
in 455, between the Eastern and 
Western Churches, about the proper 
Sunday for the celebration of Easter, 
commissioned Hilary, his Archdeacon, 
to employ a competent person for 
the purpose. He framed a cycle of 
532 years, i.e., 28 x 19, the product 
of the solar and lunar cycles, com- 
mencing from A.D. 28, the computed 
year of the Passion, or a.m. 5229. 
Cummian, in his Paschal epistle (a.d. 
634) mentions this cycle. Ussher, 
PFfo., iv., 440. And the anonymous 
Irish writer of the tract De Mirabilibus 
Sacr. Scripturm reckons by it. See 
Pagi, Critica, ii., 3706, 582a, 626a ; 
O'Conor, Rer. Eib. SS., ii., 112 ; Tille- 
mont's Memoires, xv., 770. Ann. 
Inisfah, in the parallel entry (an. 
458) have " Victorius scripsit ciclum 
Pascha. " 



" Enna^ son of Cathboth. — O'Conor 
conjectures that this was Enua of 
Aran (ii., pt. 1, p. 109), but unhappily, 
for that saint was son of Conall derg, 
and was alive in 530. The present 
entry is found in An, Inisfal, (an. 
459); An. Buell. (an. 462); Chron. 
Scot. (an. 455); F. Mast. (an. 456); 
but none of them help to identify the 
subject of it. In the B. of Armagh 
mention is made of the seven 
SODS of Cathbadh, a Leinster clan, 
who with Bishop Isserniuus were 
expelled by Enna Cennsalach (fol. 
18aa). 

^ St. Brigid. — See note at 452 supra. 

* Marckm. — Accession, Aug. 20, 
450; death, Jan 31,457. B. reads 
quievlt^ which is technically incorrect, 
and not the expression of Marcellinus, 
from whom this entry is borrowed. 
His words are : " Indict, x. Constan- 
tino et Kufo Coss. (i.e., a.d. 457), 
Marciauus Imp. bonis principibus 
comparandus vitas spirit um amisit: 
imperavit annos vi. menses vi. Leo 
eidem defuncto successit, cujusvolun- 
tate Majorianus apud Ravennam 
Cjesar est ordinatus." Galland, x., 
3486. Beda, less correct, says : 
" Septem annis tenuit," and with this 
entry, antedates by a year the acces- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



17 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 455. Victorius' the astronomer flour- [455.] 
ished. 

Kal Jan. (Sund., m. 9.) a.d. 456 (4660). Death of [^56.] 
Enna, son of Cathboth,^ and birth of Saint Brigid/ as 
some say. The Emperor Marcian* resigned the vital 
breath. He reigned six (or four) years and six months, 
as Marcellinus states. Leo succeeded him [on his 
decease]. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 457- The synod of Chalcedon' was [457.] 
assembled. Repose of Old Patrick/ as some books 
state. 



sion of Marcian. An. Inisfal. have 
454; Marian. Scot., i52. But 457 
is the true date. See VArt da Verif. 
les Bates, p. 180. Instead of annis 
sex the al. man. in A. and B. have 
iiii.^'" which is a manifest error. 

5 Synod of ClmUedon. — Six years 
too late. The fourtli General Council, 
held at Chalcedon, to condemn the 
Eutychian heresy, sat from October 
8th till November, 451. Concilia, t. 
iv., cols. 761-2074 ; Barouius, t. viii., 
p. 87 ; L'Art de Verifier les Bates, p. 
180; Ann. Inisfal, 452. 

Old Patnch. — Distinguished by 
the epithet 8eii or 'Old,' from Patrick 
the Apistle of Ireland, who was 
somewhat his junior. The acts of 
the two are so interwoven that it is 
very difficult to resolve them. The 
present entry, however, affords some 
help. Nennius says: "A nativitate 
Domini usque ad adventura Patricii 
ad Scotos ccccv. anni sunt. A morte 
Patricii usque ad obitum sanctje 
Brigid£e ix. anni," which numbers 
are utterly inapplicable to the Patrick 
of 432 and 493. Gir. Cambr. dates 
Patrick's death, " ab incarnatione 
Domini cccclviii."; this he learned 



in Ireland ; but it cannot be strained 
to suit the Apostle. Allowing, how- 
ever, for the slow year of these Annals, 
it is identical with the date in the 
text. Again, three of the Armagh 
lists (published bj' Todd, St. Patrick, 
174, 181) make Sen Patraic third 
abbot, while these annals reckon 
larlath his successor once removed, 
the third; therefore they ignore the 
first two, namely Patrick and Sechnall, 
and leave to Sen Patraic, the first 
place. Ussher saw that two names 
should be expunged (Wks. vi., 437), 
but he erred in making Sen Patraic 
one of them. In two of these lists 
Sen Patraic is allowed an incumbency 
of ten years, which deducted from 
457, gives 447 as his inception, 
within three years of the founding of 
Armagh, whicli event is most pro- 
bably to be referred to him, not to 
the Apostle ; and further it is equally 
probable that the encomiums bestowed 
upon Patrick the Bishop, at the years 
441 and 443, belong to the earlier 
ecclesiastic. His successor, Bishop 
Benignus, died in 467, which allows 
the exact ten years assigned to Sen 
Patraic in the lists. So far the 
G 



18 aNMccla ulcroli. 

let. lenaii^. (1111. p., I. 1.) CCnno -001111111 cccc.°l.° uiii.° 
(iTn. T)C. Lxii.) Ccrc CCT:ho ■oqia poja Laigaipe pe Laigiiit? 
[in quo ev ipfe capcuf efc, pe-o cunc Diniifftif efc 
nipanv peiifolem ec ueircutn fe botiep eifoimipipiiiium]. 

]ct. lenmp. (ti. p., I. xn.) CCn no -001111111 cccc.° l.° ix.° 
(iTn. T)c. Ltiii.) CCuxiliiif epifcopiif quietnc. No 
^uinccT) at]! an fCt. yo cccc CCca -oajia pecinToum aliop. 

jet. leiiaifi. (6 p., I. 23.) CCnno -Doniini cccc.° lx.° 
(rm. -oc 1x1111.) Leo papa mopruf eft;. Romane eclepie 
obciiiuit; pe-oein pecpi xxi. (aliap quactiop) annip ec 
inenpe uno ec -oiebuf xin., picuci entimepao OeTia in 
ctionico ptio. 

]ct. lenaip. (1. p., I. 4.) CCnno -oomim cccc." lx.° 1.° 
(ivn. -oc. Ixu.) nilapiup Romane aeclepie pont;ipex 
.xl. iiii.«r paccup, eu mxir annip .111. hie aln quiecem 
Parpiei -Dicunc. Loegaipe piliup NeiU popt: cenam 
■Ceiiipo annip .uii. ec menpibiip .1111. ez -oiep .1111. uixii;. 
Cac CCca -oapa pia taijnib pop taegaipe, qmbtip 
Cpemchann cunc ppeepat;. 



Apostle does not appear at all in 
official connexion -with Armagh. Sen 
Patricli's death is commemorated in 
the Felire of iEngiis, at the 24th of 
August, thus : — 

Sen Pacitaic cing caclia, 
Coem-aice aia pjioclia. 

' Old Patrick, champion of battle, 
Loveable tutor of our Sage.' 
Upon which the Irish annotator 
writes " Old Patrick, of Eos Dela in 
Magh Locha : sed verius est that he 
maybe in Glastonbury of the Gael, 
in the south of Saxonland (for Scoti 
formerly used to dwell there in 
pilgrimage). But his relics are in 
the tomb of Sen Patrick in Ard 
Macha.'' Felire, pp. cxxv., cxxxiii. 
At 461, infra, his death is again 
recorded, but simply as Patricius. 



' Ath-dara. — 'Ford of the oak,' on 
the river Barrow, in Magh Ailbhe 
(a plain in the co. Klldare). Shear- 
man conjectures, and indeed states, 
that it was at Mageney Bridge 
(_Loc. Puti-ic, 67, 101), which is 
in the parish of Dunmanoge in the 
extreme south of the county of Kil- 
dare, on W. side, O.S., s. 39. This 
battle is entered under next year, 
and again at 461. See next note. 

- Cow- tribute. — bojaatna; which 

O'Flaherty renders Boaria Ogyg., 

305. Said to have been first imposed 
on the Leinstermen b}^ Tuathal 
Toachtmar, circ. a.d. 130. After 
proving a som-ce of violent contention 
for a long series of years between 
the chiefs of Ulster and of Leinster, it 
was abandoned by Finnachta Fledach, 
about the year 680. There is a full 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



19 



Kal. Jan. (Wednesd., m. 1.) a.d. 458 (4662). Battle 
of A.th-dara/ by the Leinstermen against Laeghaire, [in 
which he was made prisoner, but was presently liberated 
on his swearing by the Sun and Wind that he would 
remit to them the cow tribute].^ 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 12.) A.B. 4.59 (4663). Auxi- 
lius," the bishop, rested. Or, in this year, according to 
some, the battle of Ath-dara was fought. 

KaL Jan. (Frid., m. 2.3.) A.D. 460 (4664). Pope Leo 
died. He occupied the chair of Peter in the Church of 
Rome 21 (or 24) years, 1 month, and 1-3 days, as Beda 
reckons in his chronicle. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 4.) A.D. 461 (4665). Hilary^ 
was made 44th bishop'' of the church of Rome, and lived 
6 years.'' Here some record the repose of Patrick. 
Laeghaire, son of Niall, lived after the Feast of Tara 7 
years, and 7 months, and 7 days. The battle of Ath- 
dara was gained over Laeghaire, by the Leinstermen, of 
who^vCrimthann' was then commander. 



[458.] 



[4£9.] 



[460.] 



[461.J 



and most curious tract, in prose and 
verse, on tlie subject in the Books of 
Leinster and Lecan. See O'Curry's 
Lect. on. MS. Mat, 230-232 ; Keating, 
303-306; 0' Donovan, Uy-Fiaohr., 
32, 33. 

AuxiUus. — See under an. 439. 
His festival is August 27tli, at whicli 
day his nari-.e occurs, in the Mart. 
Taml, Mar. Gormm, and MaH. 
Doneg., as Usaille son of XJa mBahd, 
bishop of Cill-Usaille in Leinster, 
now Killashee. He is not noticed 
by the Felire. Colgan has collected 
the little that is known of him at 
19th March in Actt. SS., pp. 657-65D. 
< Hilary. — Over the name llila- 
fimr, there is written in a very old 
Irish hand in MS. A., Uet hoc anno 
Leo obnc, ("or in this year Leo 
died"). The death of Pope Leo 



(who died on Nov. 4, a.d. 461), is 
entered under the previous year. 

^Blsliop. — Poncipex, B. • nm. in A. 

"annoy-, A. 

' Crimthann This entry is added 

in A., in a very old hand. In B. it 
appears in the hand of the transcriber 
of that MS. See under 45S. The 
Crimthann here referred to was the 
son of Enna Ceinuselach, whom he 
succeeded as king of S.E. Leinster, 
about the year 444. His residence 
was at Rathvilly, in the N.E. of the 
present county of Carlow, which gives 
name to a parish and barony. In the 
Irish notes in the Book of A rraagh 
(fol. 18aa), St. Patrick is stated to 
have visited Crimthann at Kathvilly : 
LuiT) laix-puiTiiu cu Ciaimcban mac 
n-Gn-Di cemny-elicb, ec ip-pe cjie- 
■DiTire ucc Tficdcb bilicb. "He (St. 
G 2 



20 



aMNCcla tilaT)!!. 



jet. lenaif.. (2 -p-, i- 150 CCnno -Dommi cccc." Ix." 
11." (ivn. -DC Ixui.) TTloiif Laegaiiae pi In Weill oc 
5rieomai5 "Dciphil (aliaf oc ^l^eallaig ^aipil, pofi 
crieB caifpe, in canipo tipi) evi^i in va cnoc .i. Gifiiu 7 
CClbii a n-anman-Da. 'gtimax) a paca lie laigniB simian 
7 f,aez: yiofiTiaiatifa'D. 
•t>- jet. lenairi. (3" p., L. 26.") CCnno TDomini cccc.° lx.° 

111.° (rm. -DC Ixuii). Inicium iiegni CCilellcc muilr; mic 
V]nh. 

|ct. lencciyi. (4 p., I. 7.) CCnno "Domini cccc." lx.° 
Foi. I7a5. 1111.° (iTn. T)c. Ixuin.) Piaimum belUim CCpyi'Da coi^ann 
fiia LaigniB. CCngli ueneiiiini: in CCngliam. 

|ct. lenaifi. (6 p., I. 18.) CCnno -Domini cccc.° lx.° 
u.° Tlilapiup epipcopup Romane aeclepie mopcuupepu, 
qui pope-Dic cauheiDpam perpi .ui. annip ec menpibup 
.111. eu "Diebtip .X. Semplicuip op-oinartip, qui peT)iz; 
annip .xii. menpe .1. "oiebup . . Gogan mac Meill mop- 
cuup eye. 



Patrick) went after that to Crimthan 
son of Enda Ceinnselach, and he 
believed at Eath-bilich." Crimthan 
was a strenuous assertor of Lagenian 
independence, and won many battles 
in defence thereof, which are enumer- 
ated by Dubtach Ua Lugair, in his 
eulogistic poems on the triumphs of 
Crimthan, some of which have been 
published, from the Booh of Lei lister, 
by O'Curry {Lectures, i.}c., pp. 48-1- 
494). 

' Alias The alias reading in A., 

put here in parenthesis, and which 
is in an old hand, agrees substan- 
tially with the text of B. The name 
of the place where Laeghaire met his 
death is variously written in different 
authorities. But the oldest form of 
the name seems to be Grellach Daphil, 
as appears from the reference to 



Laeghaire's death in Leh. net hUidre, 
1186. The Four Masters (458) say 
that the place of Laeghaire's death 
was in Ui-Faelain, i.e. the northern 
part of the co. Kildare. In the 
Borama Tract {Book of Leinfiter, 
299S), it is stated that Laeghaire was 
killed by the elements (earth, sun, 
and wind), bj' which he had pledged 
himself two and a half years before 
{supra, 458), not again to exact the 
tribute called borama (or '* cow 
tribute "). But he came, and seized 
cows at Sidh-Nechtain (Carbury 
Hill, CO. Kildare, at the foot of which 
is the source of the River Boyne), 
and met his fate on the side of Caiss, 
between the two hills called Erin and 
Alba (supposed to be the present Hill 
of Dunmurry, and Hill of Allen). 
' AiliU Molt, — The cognomen 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



21 



Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. lo). a.d. 462 (46G6). Death of 
Laeghaire, sou of Niall, at Greomach-daphil (alias^ at 
Greallach-gaifil, on the side of Caiss, in Magh-Liffe), 
between the two hills, viz., Eiriu and Alba their names. 
May be it was his guarantees to the Leinstermen, the 
Sun and Wind, that killed him. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 26.) A.D. 463 (4667). Com- 
mencement of the reign of A.ilill Molt,' son of Nathi. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 7.) A.D. 464 (4668). First battle 
of Ard-Corann^ by Leinstermen. The Angles'' '"' came 
into England. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 18.) A.D. 465. Hilary, bishop of 
the Church of Rome, died, who occupied the chair of 
Peter 6 years,* and 3 months, and 10 days. Simplicius 
was ordained, who sat 12 years," 1 month and . . days. 
Eogan'^ son of Niall died. 



[462.] 



[463.] 



[464.] 



[465.] 



nwlt, a " wether," is Latinized ven'e- 
cinus by O'Flaherty. Ggygia, p. 429. 
He was son of Nathi (an. 445 svpra), 
whom he succeeded as proviDcial 
king of Connauglit. From his brother 
Fiachra descended the Ui-Fiaohrach 
of Connaught. O'Flaherty gives 463 
as tlie date of his accession, and 20 
years as the length of his reign. See 
for Ailill's death ann 482, 483 infra. 
Dr. O'Conor absurdly renders molt by 
"laudabilis"; Tigh. 463. 

^ Ard-Coraiiit. — This place is again 
mentioned as battle-ground at 506, 
507, 510 and 626. In the Ann. 
Inisfallen the battle here recorded is 
mentioned under 467 ; but the Four 
Mast, omit all the foregoing entries 
except the last, having probably 
thought that Ard-Corann was a place 
in Scotland, and, as such, foreign to 
their scope. From the mention of 
Leinstermen in the foregoing entry, 



however, it must be presumed that 
the place of the battle was in Ireland. 

^ (a) Angles. — Marianus Scotus 
places their arrival at 450. In the 
Saxon chronicle the date is 449. 
Ussher assigns 450. 

< 6 Years. — B. reads, erroneously, 
" 7." See an. 461 supra. Hilary's 
death is placed here three years too 
soon. He died Feb. 21, 468. 

* Years. — The length of the 
pontificate of Simplicius is given in 
B. as " ten years, two months, and one 
day," which is also wrong, as the 
real duration was 15 years and 6 
days, Simplicius having been ordained 
25th Feb., 468. The beginning of 
the Pontificate of his successor, Felix, 
is entered infra, under the j'ear 481. 

° Eogan, i.e , Eogan son of Niall 
Nine-hostager, from whom the power- 
ful sept of the Cinel-Eogain (or Cinel- 
Owen) derived then- name and lineage. 



22 



CCMNCClCC tilat)ti. 



-b. 



.b. 



Fol. 176a 



|ct. lencnii. (7 p, I. 29.) CCnno -oomini cccc" lx.° 
111." Ratiennam ciuirctcem t;eiiiiemor;uf -oerepi^inc. 
"DoiTiansaiat; mac Mifi quietus. 

let lenaiyi. (i. p., I. 10.) CCnno -Domini cccc-° Ix." 
w\.° Cfuief benisni epifcopi (fucceffopif par:incii). 
Cencc 'Ceniiia la hCCibll moli; (mac T)aci mic pacpac 
mic Gacac muifiemoni). 8ic in libpo Cuanac mtieni. 
baf tliceia penT)pa5en iiesif CCn^lie, cui fuccepfic 
pliuf fuuf .1. Cmsh CCllflT;Ul^ .1. vo opfiT)ai5 an ho\iTi 
cp[uinT)]. 

]cb. lenaifi. (2 p., I. 21.) CCnno T)omini cccc.° Lx.° 
11111.° Iffeiinmuf epifcopuf mopimip. Oelltim "Dumai 
achip .1. pop OiliU molt;, pi cue inueni in libpo Ciianac. 

]ct. lenaip. (4 p., I. 2.) CCnno -Domini cccc.°lx.° ix.° 
No peip Teampa la hCCilill moli: hoc anno pectnTDUm 
all op. 

jet. lenaip. (5 p., I. 13.) CCnno T)oniini cccc." Ixx." 
peip "Cempa la CCilill molr, uc aln T)icunT;. 

]ct. lenaip. {Q" p, I. 24.) CCnno -oomini cccc" Iccx." 
1.° Ppe-oa pecunT)a Saxonum ve hibepnia, vc alii 
■o^cnuv, in ipco anno T)eT)UCT:a eyz, vv ■maucT;etip (.i. 
TTlocrae) -oicic. -Sic in libpo Cuanac inueni. 

]cb. lenaip. CCnno T)omini cccc" lxx.° ii.° 

let. lenaip. CCnno Domini cccc" lxx.° in. ° Leopemop 
impepacop, teone uiniope a pe lam ceppape conpt;iT;ueo 
mopbo pepiiT;, cam pin impepn annip cftiam hump Leonip 



^ In A. the day of the week on 
whicli the 1st of January fell is 
omitted ; and the age of the moon is 
given as 20, in place of 29, as in B., 
in which the 1st of January is stated 
to have fallen on a Saturday. 

^ Domangart. — This entry (from 
B.), not found in either the older and 
better copy (A.), nor in the so-called 
'translation' in the MS. Clar. 49, 
(Brit. Museum), is probably the re- 
Bult of a great prolepsis, as there 



appears to have been no ecclesiastic 
of the name of Domangart Mac Nisi 
at such an early period. The term 
quieuic used by the Annalist, in 
recording the death of Domangart, 
indicates that he regarded the deceased 
as an ecclesiastic. The demise of a 
Domangart Mac Nisi is given by the 
Four M. under A.D. 462 ; in the 
Chron. Scotorum under a.d, 464 
( = 462), and in the Ann. Inisfall. at 
495 in O'Conor's ed. (=464). The 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 23 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 29.)^ A.D. 466. An earthquake [46fi.] 
frightened the city of Ravenna. Domangart' Mac Nisi 
rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 10.) A.D. 467. Best of Benignus, tie^O 
the bishop, successor" of Patriclc. The Feast of Tara 
held by Ailill J\lolt (son* of Dathi, son of Fiachra, son of 
Eochaid Muidhemhoin). So I find in the Book of Guana. 
Death'^ of Titer Pendragon, King of England, to whom 
succeeded his son, i.e. King Arthur, i.e. who ordained 
the Round Table. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 21.) A.D. 468. Iserninus, bishop, [-tes.] 
dies. The battle of Duma-achir, i.e. over Ailill Molt, as 
I find in the Book of Guana. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 2.) A,D. 469. Or, the Feast of [469.] 
Tara by Ailill Molt this year, according to others. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 13.) A.D. 470. The Feast" of [470.] 
Tara luas held by Ailill Molt, as others state. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid.,m.24.) a.d.471. The second prey"' of [471.] 
the Saxons from Ireland, as some say, was carried off" in 
this year, as Maucteus^ (i.e. Mochtae) states. So I find in 
the Book of Guana. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 472. [472.] 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 473. The Emperor Leo the Elder was [473.] 
carried off by disease, Leo the Younger having been pre- 
viously created Csesar by him. Leo the Younger, who was 



person intended maj' have been Dom- 
angart, 3rd king of Dalriada in Scot- 
land, son of Fergus Mor. See Reeves's 
Adamnan, pp. 43J-, and the Genea- 
logical Table accompanying. See 
also note at A.D. 506. 

2 Successor of Patrick. — This clause 
is only in B. A marg. note in A., 
in an old hand, adds that Benignus 
was bishop of Armagh. 

* Son of Dathi, &c. — The geneal. 
particulars here given from A. are 
not in B. 

<> Death, &c The original of this 



entry is in B. only, and in a more 
recent hand. 

" Feast. — The author of the so- 
called ' translation' of the Ann. Ult. 
in Clar. 49, renders pel]" bj' "another 
feast" I 

' Second prey. — The first prey 
taken by the Saxons from (or in) 
Ireland, is recorded above under a.d. 
434, where see note. 

s Maucteua. — Mocteus, B. See 
note under A.D. 511, referring to the 
so-called " Book of the Monks." 



24 



ccMNala tilccoti. 



laegni menyibur compuuacif anno x" uii.°, men^e ui.° 
^enonem Leo ninioi^ iDemque impepacop piluip ppm- 
cipem conpcicuiT;. Cfinep T)occi epipcopi pancoi Opi- 
zo\^m^ abbacip- "Oopngal Bpi Bile poi"^ lai§niii pict 
nCCilill molT:. 

]ct. lenaip. CCnno -Domini cccc" U\t.° 1111.° Uelluc 
cau T)umai achip pop CCibll mole pia Laignil?. 
•^- let. lenaip. (4 p., I. 9.) CCnno -Domini cccc" Ltx." 

ii.° (vnT. T)c. Lxxix.) bellum (aliap Tiopn-Dsal) bpe^ 
b-eibe pe n-CCilill moLt; pop laignui. Sic in libpo 
Cuanac miieni. 

let. denaip. 5 p., I. 20.) CCnno tiomini cccc" Ixx." tii.° 
(iTTT. •DC Ixxx.) Ca€ "DtiiTiai CCcip pop ailiU mole pia 
Laijnit". 

jet. 1enaip. CCnno TDommi cccc.°U\T.°tiii.° TTlopp'Cocco 
mic CCexia pejip Cualann. 

fct. lenaip. CCnno -oomini cccc.° la\r.° 11111.° bellum 
bpeg h-e-ile. 
.b. jet. lanaip. (3 p., I.) CCnno -oomini cccc.° Ixx." ix." 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini cccc.°lxxx.° ITIopp Conaill 
Cpemrainne mic Meill. 

"jet. lanaip. (5 p., I. 15.) CCnno -Domini cccc.° lxxx.''i.° 



' nth year and Gth month. — B. has 
annox.°uiii.°, tiienpe tii.°,aItliough 
O'Conor prints anno x.°tmi.°,ineiip6 
1].° (18th year and 5th month). But 
the date is not accurate in either MS. 
Leo I. was crowned February 7, 457. 
He died in January, 474 ; so that liis 
reign wanted but a month of 17 
years. His daughter, Ariadne, was 
married to Zeno, and their son Leo 
was born in 458. His grandfather, 
the year before his death, appointed 
him his successor. He died in Novem- 
ber, 474, at 17, in tlie eleventh month 
of his sole reign. At the instance 
of his mother, and of his grand- 
mother Verina, Leo II. associated 



with him in the throne his father, 
Zeno, whom his own father-in-law had 
passed over on account of his vices 
and deformity. This entry seems 
to have been borrowed from the 
Chronicle of Marcellinus, where the 
computation above given is " tam sui 
imperii annis quam Leonis Junioris 
regni mensibus computatis, anno 
xvii., mense v." 

^Duccus. — The only individual of 
this name whom we meet with in 
British Ecclesiastical History is the 
Docus who is set down in an ancient 
authority, cited by Ussher, as the 
contemporary of David and Gildas, 
and a preceptor of the Second Order 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



25 



also Emperor, and son to Zeno, creates him Prince in the 
I7th year and Gth month,' reckoning as well the years 
of the former, as the months of the latter, Leo's, reiffn. 
Rest of the holy bishop Doccus,^ Abbot of the Britons. 
The ' fist-fight '^^ of Bri-Eile over the Leinstermen, bv 
Ailill Molt. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 474. Or, in this year' the battle of 
Duma-Achir luas gained over Ailill Molt by Leinstermen. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 9.) a.d. 475 (4679). The battle 
(otherwise 'fist-fight') of Bri-Eile gained by Ailill Molt 
over Leinstermen. So I find in the Book of Guana. 

Kal. (Jan. Thursd., m. 20). a.d. 476 (4680). The battle 
of Duma-Achir gained over Ailill Molt by Leinstermen. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 477. Death of Tocca, son of Aedh, 
King of Cu aland. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 478. Battle of Bri-Eile. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m.) A.D. 479. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 480. Death of Conall Cremthainn^ son 
of NiaU. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 15). a.d. 481 (4685). Rest of 



[474.] 



[475.] 



[476.] 
[477.] 

[478.] 
[470.] 
[480.] 

[481.] 



of Irish Saints {Brit. Eccl. Ant., c. 17 ; 
Works vi., p. 478), and who is men- 
tioned in the Life of St. Cainneoh as 
the abbot under whom lie studied in 
Britain {ib., p. 520). This Docus is 
conamonly called Cadocus, and is 
known in Welsh hagiology as Cuttwg 
Ddoeth, " Cadoc the Wise." He was 
abbot of Llancarvan, and flourished 
about A.D. 500. The entry of his 
death, above given, would therefore 
be too late, and may be regarded as 
out of its place. But see Shearman's 
Loca Patricimm (Dublin, 1879), pp. 
223-5, where the learned author states 
that Cadoc, the preceptor of St. 
Cainneoh (or Canice) was the nephew 
of Doccus whose obit is given above. 
'^ Flst-Jight.~X)0'(\.'!\-sA. O'Donovan 



translates this " boxing-battle," and 
regards it as " nothing more than a 
boxing match between the pugilistic 
champions of Leinster and Meath." 
{Four Mast., A.D. 468, note"). In 
the so-called Translation in Clar. 49, 
it is described as "the handle skir- 
mish.'" It seems to be the same as 
the conflict designated by the term 
bdlum in these Annals, under the 
years 475 and 478. 

■' Or, in this year 11 el llic, B. Not 

in A. 

" Cremthainn. — Cranithainne (in 
the genit. form), A. More usually 
written Crimthainne, in the genit. 
case ; nom. Crimthainn ; although it 
is Cremthainne in the Booh of Leinster 
(p. 246.) 



26 



cctJNalcc tilccoti. 



(nTT. T)c. law'xii.) Cfuief lajilaci mic 'Cfiena T:e)icii 
epifcopi CCii-Dmccccd. Romane eclefie pelicc xLuifT 
epifcopuf opDinactif, tiixic ctnnif xii. uel xin. CCb 
inicio rmiiTD) luxca .Ixx. uiceppperief tJ. "occc locxix- 
SeciitTDinn llebiieof aircem iTn. 'dc Ixxxii. (Xb incayina- 
cione i^ecuiTDiim neb|iGop T)CC. xxxim. SecuiTDum 
"Dyoinipntm tiepo cccc. Ixxxi. 

let. Icmaii-i. OCnno ■Domini cccc." Ixxx." ii.° belluiii 
Oche in quo ceciDir; (Xilibl mole .1. la LiisaiD mac 
taejaiiie 7 la TTIuiiichei^rach mac Giica. CC Concobpo 
pilio Nefae Ufque a'o Copmac pilium CCijat; anni ccc. 
tun. CC Coiimac tifque hoc bellum c. xiii.) uv Cuana 
fCfiipfiT;. 

|ct. lanaiii. CCnno •Domini cccc" lxxx.° 111.° lujiila- 
z\o Ch|iaumt;hain mic enna Ceinnfelaig mic Opeai'ail 
belaic mic paca baiccea-oa mic Cacaiii moiyi, l^egif 
La^en. (Helm hoc anno cac Ocha'pecunDum aliof, la 
LiisaiT) 7 la 1Tliiipchei'iT:ac mac Gapca 7 la ■pefi^Uf 
CejiBall mac Conaill c|iem€ainn, 7 la piaqia Ion mac 
l»5 "oal CC|iaix)e). 



' Third. — larlathi, son of Trian, is 
set down in the Booh of Leinsier List 
of St. Patricli's successors at Armagh 
(p. -12, col. 3), as the fourth in order ; 
and is said to have been from Cluain- 
iiacla (Clonfeakle, co. Tyrone); but 
under the reigns of the " Kings after 
the Faitli" in the same MS. (p. 
24S), larlatlii is described as " tliird 
Bishop." 

* Felix. — Felix III., consecrated 
on Sunday, March 6, 483 ; died 2f 
February, 492. His Pontilicate there- 
fore lasted only 8 years, 11 months, 
and ] 8 days ; and not 12 years, or 13, 
as in the text. 

3 From the beginning, &c. — The re- 
maining entries for this year, which ap- 
pear in an old hand in A, are not in B. 



' Ocha The date above given for 

this battle (which was fought in 
Meath, as stated in the Life of St. 
Kieran, and near Tara, as Animosus 
asserts in his Life of Sr. Brigid 
(Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 5.t16, and 
notes 9 and 10, p. 565), seems to 
be a year too soon, the correct date 
being 483, under which it is also 
entered. The battle of Ocha forms 
an important era in Irish historj', 
many events recorded in the Irish 
Chronicles being dated from it. See 
the Annals of the Four Masters, at 
A.D. 478, where the particulars of the 
battle are more fully detailed, and 
O'Douovan's notes on the subject. 

^116. This calculation must surely 
be wrong. The death of Cormac 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



27 



larlathi, son of Trian, third' bishop of Armagh. Felix,'^ 
ordained 46th bishop of the church of Eome, lived twelve 
years, or thirteen. From'' the beginning of the world, 
according to the Seventy Interpreters, 5879 years ; but 
according to the Hebrews, 4685. From the Incarnation, 
according to the Hebrews, 734 years ; but according to 
Dionysius, 481. 

Kal. Jan. AD. 482. The battle of Ocha," in which 
Ailill Molt fell, was gained by Lugaid, son of Laegaire, 
and by Muirchertach Mac Erca. From Concobhar Mac 
Nesa to Cormac Mac Airt, 308 years. From Cormac to 
this battle, 116,^ as Guana has written. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 483. The killing of Crimthann," son 
of Enna Cennselach, (son of Breasal Belach, son of Fiacha 
Baicceadha, son of Cathair-mor), King of Leinster. (Or 
in this year, according to others, the battle of Ocha tvas 
gained by Lugaid, and by Muirchertach Mac Erca, and 
by Fergus Cerbhall, son of Conall Crimthainn, and by 
Fiachra Lon,' son of the king of Dal-Araidhe.'j 



[482.] 



[483.] 



Mac Airt is entered in the Annals of 
the Four Masters under a.d. 266. 
O'Flaherty, lioivever {Ogygia, p. 341 ), 
places the accession of his son and 
successor, Cairbre Lifechair, in A.D. 
279, the year, it is to he assumed, of 
King Cormac's death. The addition 
of 116 years to this numher would, 
according to this calculation, give 
A.D. 395 as the date of the battle of 
Ocha, -which is unquestionably wrong. 
The Chronieon Scoto)-um, which gives 
the battle of Ocha under a.d. 482, 
states that 207 years intervened be- 
tween the tune of Cormac Mac Airt 
and the said battle. The MS. Clar. 
49, has "A Cormac usque ad hoc 
bellum 206, ut Cuana scripsit." This 
would be more near the mark. 



'' Crimthann. — Corruptly written 
Chraumthain in A., and Chraeumthain 
inB. 

' Fiachra Lon, or "Fiachra the 
Fierce.'' — In O'Conor's ed. of these 
Annals the name is printed " Fiachra 
Aon." The Four Mast. (A.D. 478 
erroneously call him son of Laeghaire, 
as he was really son of Caelbad. 
See Reeves's Eccl. Antlq , pp. 330, 
330. 

' Dal-Araidhe A large district, in- 
cluding the southern half of the county 
of Antrim, and the northern half of 
Down. In O'Conor's ed. of these 
Annals, the name is inaccurately 
printed Dalriada. For a full account 
of Dal-Araidhe, see Reeves's Eccl. 
Antiq., pp. 334-348. 



28 



CCMNttlCC UlCCt)1l. 



.b. 



i'ol. 18o«. 



jet. 1anai]i. (p., I.) CCnno Dommi cccc" Li\\\t." iiii-° 
Inicnim pesm tti5T)ech mic taesaipe hoc anno. 

let. lanmp. (p, I.) CCnno ■oommi cccc" Lt.tx." ii ° 
Oetliim pjiimum ^iiccnaeiiaT) ; Coippiai mac Kleilt .w. 
giallaig inccofi ejiac, in quo ceciT)icpncac. tlelplilif 
e^ce uicroii uv aln -oictinu. tlelhic 511m Cj^emcamT) 
mic Gnna Chemnfealai^. 

jet. lanaip. (5 p., I. 21.) OCnno tiomini cccc.° Irax." 
111." llel hoc anno ppimum belltim ^I'^aine in quo 
1TlinpcheapT;ac mac Gapca iiiccop epar. 

jet. lanaip. (6 p., I. 2.) CCnno Dommi cccc" ixxx° 
uii.° (iTn. T)c. axil.) Cfmep pancci TTleil epipcopi in 
CCp'C'D acuc. 

[Ct. lanaip. (1. p., l. 13.) CCnno T)omini cccc" Ixxx" 
uiii.° (iiTT. T)C. xcm). Cftnep pancci Ciannaini ctii 
panccup pacpiciup etian^elium lapgiT^iip epi;. 

jet. lanaip. (2^,1.24.") CCnno ■Domini cccc" Ltxx" 
ix.° (ivn. DC axim.) Cfuiep TTlic Caille epipcopi. 
Oellum Cmn lopna^o (no Ceall lopnaig 1 mai^ pea), 
ubi ceciT)iT: Oenjup pilnip NaT)ppaic pi ITlii^an, vv 
Cuana pcpippic. 

let. lanaip. (3 p., I. 5.) CCnno Dommi cccc.° a;c.° 
(vnT. -DC xcu.) 2eno CCnsupciip tiica ^eceppic cam pui 



' Commencement. — This entry is 
^vritten in pale ink in A., in the hand 
of the person who has made most of 
the additional entries in that MS. 

^ Granaerad. — The name of this 
place is differently written in some 
Chronicles. The Four Masters give 
the name (in the genit, form) 
Graruiird, which in the nom. "vvould 
be ' Granardj' and would be some- 
what like the form above given. But 
under the very next year (486) the 
name is written ' Graine,' as in the 
Chron. Scotm-um, (484), Annals of 
Clonmacmise (at 497), and in Keating. 
The version of these Annals in Clar. 



49 has 'Granard.' At 494 (infia) 
these Annals further vary the ortho- 
graphy by giving 'Granairet.' The 
place is now called Graney, and is 
situated in the south of the county of 
Kildare. 

° Or, in this year. — tlet bic, B. 
Not in A. 

' Graine. — The entry of this event 
is not fully given in B., which does 
not refer to the victory of Miiircher- 
tach Mac Erca. 

' i/c'Z. — First bishop of Ardagh, in 
the count}' of Longford ; said to have 
been Patrick's nephew. Some call 
him a Briton. His foreign extraction 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



29 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 484. The commencement' of the reign 
of Lugaidh son of Laeghaire, in this year. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 485. The lirst battle of Granaerad.^ 
Coirpre, son of Niall-Noighiallach, was victor. In it fell 
Fincath. Or Mao Erca was victor, as others say. Or, 
in this year,' the killing of Crimthann son of Enna 
Ceinnselach. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 21.) a.d. 486. Or, in this 
year, the first battle of Graine,'' wherein Muirchertach 
Mac Erca was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 2.) a.d. 4S7 (4692). Best of 
Saint Mel,° the bishop, in Ardagh. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 13.) a.d. 488 (4693). Rest of 
Saint Cianan," to whom Saint Patrick presented the 
Gospel. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 24.) a.d. 489 (4694). Rest of 
Mac Caille/ the bishop. Battle of Cenn-losnado (or Cell- 
losnaigh/ in Magh-Fea), in which fell Aengus son of 
Nadfraech, King of Munster, as Guana has written. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 5.) a.d. 490 (4695). Zeno' 
Augustus departed this life, in the I7th year and 6th 



[484.] 



[485.] 



[486.] 



[487.J 



[488.] 



[489.] 



[490.] 



might account for the absence of his 
pedigree from the ancient lists. 

' Cianan. — The founder of the 
church in East Meath which was 
called, par excellence, ' Daim-liag,' or 
the 'Stone-church.' Saint Cianan 
was tenth in descent from Cian, son 
of OilUl Oluim, King of Munster (oh. 
234, Four Mast.'), who gave name to 
the various tribes of Cianachta. 

' Mac Caille After the name 

Mac Caille in B., and Clar. 49, the 
word " Mannensis " has been added. 
But this is an idle gloss, as it con- 
founds two persons who were quite 
distinct. St. Patrick is stated to have 
converted an unbeliever in Magh-inis 
(or Lecale, co. Down), called Maeal 



dus, Mac Cuil, or Mac Fail, who after- 
wards became bishop of Man. (See 
Trias Thaum., p. 16 ; and Book of 
Armagh, fol. 6.) The Mac Caille 
whose obit, is above given was a 
totally different individual, being the 
saint commemorated in the Calendar, 
at April 25th, as the bishop who 
placed the veil on the head of St. 
Brigid, and whose church was at 
Cruachan-Brig-Eile, in Ui-Failge (I.e. 
near the well-known Hill of Croghan). 

•* Or Cell-Losnaigh, &c. — The alias 
reading is not in B. See note under 
A.D. 491. 

"Zeno. — This entry is taken from 
Marcellinus ; but a clause necessary 
to the sense is omitted here. The 



30 



CCMMalCC UlCCT)1l. 



•b. 



impeyin anntf compocacif anno ccun." menfe feccco. hi 
•pex menfef et; fex menfep TTlapciani atiTiunr; annum 
cfuem non niimejiani:: cfionica. CCnafuafpuf impeiiacoii 
cpearruf epc. (tiel hic cac cell opiaiD, fecunDUm 
aliof. TTlac Gayica iiiccop, ]iex Caifil incciif). 

]ct. lanaii^. (4" p., I. 16.) CCnno -oomini cccc.° xc." 
1.° (uu. "DC. xctn)- T)icunt; fcoici hic paqiicium 
aj^chiepifcopum ■Depunci:um (pope). 

let. lanaip. (6" p., I. 27.'') CCnno •Dommi cocc." xc." 
11." (nrt. TDC. XCU11.) Oellum pporo. Romane eclepiae 
xluii"r ^alapuip epipcopup ojiDincrcup anmp inxic iii. 
Oellum pecinTDiim ^I'^anaipec. pacpiciup apchipop- 
coliip (uel apcliiepopcopup ec apopcolup) pcocopum 
quietiiT; c.^o xx.° anno ecaci)^ pue, 16 ]ct. CCppilip, lx.° 
ctticem cftio iiemi; av Hibepniam anno av bapcipcan'Dop 
ScoT:op. Ctb inicio munT)i pectnTDum .Ixx. mcepppe- 
oep 11. xicccc. xlui. Uixca aircem llebpeop Tm. "oc. xcuii. 
CCb incapnacione uixca llebpeop "dcc. xltn. CCb incap- 
nacione pecun'Diim "Dionipuim occc [xcii]. 

]ct. lanaip. (7' p., I. 9.") CCnno "Domini cccc.° xc.° 
111. Cach t^aillcen pop taigniu pia Caipppi mac lleill. 

|ct. lanaip. (i. p., I. 20.') CCnno -Dommi cccc" xc." 



1111. 



bellii 



m pecun-Dum ^'^panainei; in quo cecixiiT; 



original is " tarn sui iaiperii annis 
quam Basilisci tyrannidis computatis, 
anno xvii., mense vi." He reigned 
from Feb., 474, to 9th April, 491. 
This includes the period of Basilisciis' 
usurpation, who, in the third year of 
Zeno, by Verina's instnimentalit}', 
drove the Emperor into Tsauria, and 
took possession of the throne, creating 
his son Marcus Cajsar. But he was 
dethi'oned by Zeno in August, 477, 
after a 20 months' usurpation. 

^ Anastasms. — Crowned AprU 11, 
491. These Annals are, therefore, 
only a year behind the common 
reckoning at this period. 



- Cell-osnaid. — This is. also the 
form of the name in Tigernach 
and Keating. The Annal. Inisfall., 
at 484, have Cend-losnai. In the 
entry above for last year (489) the 
place is called ' Cenn-losnada,' or 
' Cell-losnaigb,' and is stated to 
have been in Magh-Fea. Keating 
says that Cell-osnaid was situated in 
the county of Carlow, four miles to 
the east of Leighlin. It is now called 
Kellistown, and gives name to a 
parish chiefly comprised in the barony 
of Carlow. Dr. O'Donovan states 
that ,50 years ago the remains of an 
ancient church and Round Tower were 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



31 



month, the years as well of his reign [as of the t3'rant 
Basiliscus] being computed These 6 months, and 6 
months of Marcian, add a year -which the chronicles do 
not count. Anastasius^ is created Emperor. (Or, in this 
year, the battle of Cell-osnaidh,'- according to others; 
Mac Erca was victor ; the King of Cashel vanquished.) 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 16.) ad. 491 (4696). The 
Scoti say that Patrick, the Archbishop, died this year.^ 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 27.) A.D. 492 (4697). Battle of 
Smth.* Gelasius having been ordained 47th bishop of 
the Church of Eome, lived 3 years. Second battle of 
Granairet.^ Patrick, the arch-apostle'' (or archbishop 
and apostle) of the Scoti, rested on the 16th of the 
Kalends of April, in the 120th year of his age, and also 
the 60th year after he had come to Ireland to baptize 
the Scoti. From'^ the beginning of the World, according 
to the LXX. Interpreters, 5946, but according to the 
Hebrews, 4697. From the Incarnation, according to the 
Hebrews, 746. From the Incarnation, according to 
Dionysius, cccc [xcii]. 

Kal Jan. (Saturd.,m. 9.) ad. 493. The battle of Tailltiu 
was gained over the Leinstermen, by Cairpri, son of Niall. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 20.) A.D. 494. The second 
battle of Granairet,^ in which felP Fraech, the son of 



[491. ] 



[492.] 



[493.] 



[494.] 



still existing, -which are now all 
effaced. {Four Mast., a.b. 489, note). 
The site of the Eound Tower, how- 
erer, is marked on Sheet 8, Ordnance 
Survey Maps, co. Carlow. The entry 
is added in a very coarse hand in A. 

^ This year. — This entry seems to 
be antedated by two years. 

</&■«(*.— Sr>.ota, in the gen. case. 
Tigernach calls, it " Srath ;" but the 
Annal. Inisfall. (485) have the entry 
more fully, thus;— "The battle of 
Srath-Conaill, in which fell Fiacha, 
son of Finchad, King of Leinster, and 
Eochu, son of Cairpre, was victor." 



^Granairel. — See note ^^nde^ a.d. 
485, respecting this place. 

'^Arch-apostle. — CCftcbipo-pcotu-p. 
The altered reading net aifichiepi-p- 
copur ec apoy^cotuy is interlined 
in the old hand in A. CCificbiepi-p- 
copu-p in B. , without the apoy'coUiy. 

^ From. — The remaining entries for 
this year are not in B. 

' Ch-anairet. — See above, under 
485, note-. B. commences the entry 
with a " Vel hie." 

= /(!«.— Ceci-Dic,B. Ceci-DTO, A. 



32 



ccMNalcc «laT)ti. 



)1. l?nb 



■p^iaec mac pncha-Da (mic ^ayii-ichon mic po^aig mic 
eachacli laiiTooiT) mic meifpeancopb) iai lai^en. Gocii 
pilnif Coifipp.1 (.1- Gochu mac Caifibfii mic Oilella 
inic -Dunluins mic enna nia-o) uiccoia •piiit;. 

Icb. lanaiji. (2 p., I. i.) CCnno DOtnini cccc." xc". u°. 
Solif T)e]:ecciir appapuic Cftiief IDic Cinlinn Gpif- 
copi tufcan. expugnacio IDuin leugl-aipfi. tiel hie 
cac "Cabuen. 

]cb. lanai]!. (4" p., b. 12^) CCnno ■Domim cccc°. ccc°. 
tii°. Homane ecbepe xbum^r CCnapuapiUf poncipex 
o)aT)inacuf uixit; annip xitiobup. TTlocoei n-Oen-opoma 
quietiic. Copmacci epifcopi CCp'omacha hepeTDip pac- 
|\icii quief. tieb hie bebbum pecun-oum ^T^ane, in quo 
ceciDii; Ppaech mac pinncha'Da pi^ taigean -oepsaBaip 
eachti mac Caipbpi tiiccop puiT;. 

Icb. lanaip. (5 p., b. 23). CCnno -Domini cccc°. xc°. 
uii° bleb hie expu5naT:io T)uin becgbaippe. bebbum 
Inni moep i epic oa n-'gabla pop Laigniu. TTIuipcepcac 
.1. pibiup Gpee uiecop epar. hoe anno mjenp ceppe- 
mocup ponT;icam coneuppit; ppouinciam. Cfuiep Chuin- 
ne-oa mie Ca^moga, .1. ITIae Cuibinn eppcop tupga. 

]cl. lanaip. (6" p., b 4.) CCnno -Domini ceee". xc°. 
uiii°. Romane ecbepie xb. ix^T Simacup epipcopup 
pacrup, U1X1T: annip .xu. Oebbum in quo mae Gipce 
uieT;op epac. OebUim Sbetfina TTli'De pia Caipbpe 
mac Meibb pop Laijnni. UeL hic TTlocoe n'baen'opoma 
pecuntium bibpum aLnim. 



' S(m. — This parenthetic addn. is 
in an old hand in A, Om. in B. 

'Eochii.--The orig, of the paren- 
thesis here is om. in B. 

^ Cormac.--ln the margin in A. he is 
called Cppcop Cojimac Ciaic inm) 
G^ianaTOe (" Bishop Cormac of Crich- 
in-Ernaidhe.") See O'Donov. Four 
Mast., A.D., 496, note 7c. 

' Grane. — Granairet, in B. See 
above, nndei 485, note-. The text 



from this to the end of the entries for 
this year is wanting in B. 

' Or, in this year. — tiel, liic, in B. 
only. 

' Dun-lethfflaissi. — Downpatrick. 
See under 495. 

^ Crlch-na nGabla — O'Conor's ed, 
has Crich Congcibhla. Bnt the ver- 
sion in Clar. 49 has " O'GaivIa's 
Country " It was the name of a 
territory in the south of the present 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



33 



Finchad (soni of Garrchu, son of Fothadh, son of Eochu 
Lamhdoid, son of Messincorb), King of Leinster. Eochu, 
son of Cairpri (i.e., Eochu/ son of Oairpri, son of Ailill, 
son of Dunlang, son of Enna Niadh) was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 1.) a.d. 495. An eclipse of 
the sun appeared. Rest of Mac Cuilinn, bishop of Lusk. 
The storming of Dun-lethglaissi. Or, in this year, the 
battle of TaiUtia. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 12.) A.D. 496. Anastasius 
having been ordained 48th bishop of the Church of 
Eome, lived two years. Mochoe of Oendruim rested. 
The rest of Cormac,^ bishop of Armagh, successor of 
Patrick. Or, in this year, the second battle of Grane,* 
in which fell Fraech, son of Finnchad, King of Laighen- 
desgabhair. Eochu, son of Cairpri, was victor. 

Kal. Jan. Thursd., m. 23.) A.D. 497. Or, in this 
year,= the storming of Dun-lethglaissi." The battle of 
Inne-mor in Crich-ua-nGabIa'' was gained over the 
Leinstermen. Muirchertach, i.e., Mac Erca, was victor. 
In this year a great earthquake shook' the province 
of Pontus. The rest of Cuinnidh (son of Cathmugh, i.e., 
Mac Cuilinn,)^ bishop of Lusk. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 4.) a.d. 498. Simacus,'" ordained 
49th bishop of the Church of Rome, lived 15 years. A 
battle" in which the son of Ere was victor. The battle 
of Slemhain^^ of Meath ^uas gained by Cairbre, son of 
Niall, over the Leinstermen. Or, in this year,'' Mochoe 
of Aendruim [rested], according to another book. 



county of Kiklare. See O'Donovan's 
Four Mast, a.d. 497. note I. 

"Shook. — Conclu-pfic (for con- 
ctiirpc), A. B. 

"Mac Cuilinn.— The origl. of this 
parenthesis is not in B. 

'°<SJmacMS.— Symmachus.aSardian, 
was ordained Pope on Sunday, Nov. 
22, 498. He sat till July 19, 514, 
that is, for 15 years, 7 months, and 



27 days. The length of his Pontifi- 
cate is given as 12 years in B. 

" Battle. — This entry is not in B. 
Neither is there any indication in A 
as to where the battle was fought. 

"^ Slemhain. — Now divided inio 
Slanebeg and Slanemore, two town- 
lands in the parish of Dysart, co. 
Westmeath. 

" This year. — This entry is not in 
D 



[495.] 



[496.] 



[497.] 



[498.] 



34 



ttMNala tiLcrod. 



-b. 



jet. lanaip. (7 p., I. 15.) CCnno 'Domini cccc." xc" 
ix.° bellum. Cfuief Ibuiyi epifcopi .ix. jCt- man- 

let. lanaifi. (2 p., I. 2CA) CCnno x)omini cccccno. 
muificeiaT;ac uicr;op puic, ec morir epifcopi Ibaifi .ix. 
]ct. man. CCn Soipgel noc T)0 pci^iB TDaca fUi-Dipsel 
T)a laniailD pem,7t:aife bapnabaip.'o'paslSailhoc anno. 
Cac cinx) ailBe poi[i Laigniu pia Caipbpi mac 'Weill. 

|ct. lanaip. (3" p., 1.7".) CCnno Tjomini ccccc.™° ^.° 
bellum pegaippe in quo ceciT)ic T)aui (no IDuac) tJinja 
uifiai .1. pi Connacht;. TTluipcepTOcc mac Gapca uiCT;op 
puiT:. 

]ct. lanaip. (4" p., I. IS.) CCnno Domini ccccc" ii.° 
Cac Tipoma Lochmuixie pia Laignni pop Innb Weill. 

let. lanaip. (5 p., I. 29^) CCnno T)omini ccccc."io iii.° 
Ceppan mopuuup epc, epipcopup o pept;i Cheppam oc 
"Cemuip. bellum manann la hCCexion. Uel hic mopp 
epipcopi Ibaip. 

let. lanaip. CCnno ■oomim ccccc.'"no iiii." [TTlopp 
bpuiTii mic niailcon. 

let. lanaip. CCnno T)omini ccccc'^io u.° Cfuiepeppuic 
TTlic Caipt;hinn clocaip. 



B. The death of Mochoe of Aen- 
druim (or ISTendrum : Mahee Island, 
in Strarigford Longh, co. Down), is 
entered before under the year 496, at 
which date his obit is also given by 
the Four Masters. See Reeves's 
Autiq. of Down and Connor^ 187, sq. 

1 Battle. — This entry is left un- 
finished in A. and B. 

" Victor. — It is to be feared that 
there is some confusion here, and that 
the battle mentioned in the last entry, 
the site of which is not there specified, 
was the one in which the victory was 
obtained, here credited to Muircher- 
tach. But Clar. 49 says M. was 
victor " toto anno." 

' Found this year. — Bede's Chroni- 



con saj's ; — " Corpus Barnabaj apos- 
toli, et Evangeliuni Matthaai ejus 
stylo scriptum ipse revelante, reperi- 
tur.'' The entries for this year in B., 
though substantial!}^ the same as in 
A., differ slightly in arrangement. 

■* Cend-Ailhhe — O'Conor's ed. of 
Ann. Ult. incorrectly has Cnoc-Ailbhe. 
O'Donovan (Four Mast., 49i, note g) 
conjectures that Cenn-Ailbhe waa 
probably the name of a hill in Magh- 
Ailbhe, in the south of the co. Kildare, 

^ Segais. — Pronounced like shaijish. 
It was the old name of the Curlieu 
Hills, near Boyle, county Roscommon. 

° Or Duach. — Daui (or Dui seems 
to be the nomin. form of the name, 
gen., Duach. The epithet tenga-umha 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



.35 



Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 15.) a.d. 499. Battle, 
of Bishop Ibar on the 9th of the Kalends of May. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 26.) a.d. 500. Muirchertach was 
victor,^ and death of Bishop Ibar on the 9th of the 
Kalends of May. The Gospel which St. Matthew Evan- 
gelist wrote with his own hands, and the rehcs of 
Barnabas, were found this year."* The battle of Cend- 
Ailbhe* was gained over the Leinstermen by Cairbre, 
son of Niall. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 7.) a.d. 501. The battle of 
Segais,5 in which feU Daui (or Duach)'= tenga-umha, i.e., 
King of Connaught. Muirchertach Mac Erca was victor.' 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 18.) a.d. 502. The battle of 
Druim-Lochmuidhe was gained by the Leinstermen'' 
over the Ui-Neill. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd. m. 29.) a.d. 503. Cerpan died— 
a bishop from Fert-Cherpain« at Tara. The battle of 



Rest [409.] 



[500.] 



Manann by Aedhan 

Bishop Ibar. 

Kal, Jan. A.D. 504, 
Kal. Jan. a.d. 505 

Clochar. 



Or, in this year the death of 

Death of Bruide, son of Maelchon," 
Rest of Bishop Mac Cairthinn, of 



signifies " of the brazen tongue." 
O'Donovan (.Fow Mast., a.d. 494, 
note_p) say3 that he was otherwise 
called Duach Galach, i.e., the 
Valorous, and was the son of Brian, 
who was brother of Niall Nine- 
hostager. But this is an error. 
Duach Galach succeeded Ailill Molt 
as King of Connaught about a.d, 
463 ; and two Kings (Eogau Bel and 
his son Ailill Inbanda) intervened 
between Duach Galach and Duach 
Tenga-umai. See Boole of Lelnster, 
p. 41, col. 1. 

' By the Leinstermen The transl. 

in Clar. 49 wrongly saj'S, " against 
Leinstermen by O'Neales." 



' Fert-Cherpain. — Or "Grave of 
Cerpan." In the Book of Armagh, 
Tirechan writes (fol. 10, 5. a.), " Fun- 
da%'it [PatriciusJ aecclesiam i Carrie 
Dagri, et alteram aecclesiam immruig 
Thuaithe, et scripsit elimenta (7er- 
pano." The site of Fert-Cherpain is 
marked on Petrie's plan of Tara 
{Essay, plan facing p. 129). 

"Aedhan. — He was not yet born. 
This entry belongs to 581 or 582, as 
does the next to 583. This is a re- 
markable prolepsis, and tlie error must 
have existed in very ancient autho- 
rities, for it occurs in Tigernach at 
504, 505, in anticipation of 582, 583. 

'» Maelchon See under 583. 

d2 



[501.] 



[502.] 



[503.] 



[504.] 
[505.] 



3G 



aNMCclcc ulccoli. 



Foi. I8ia. ]ct. Icmaip. CCnno-Domini ccccc.'ui." bellum CCii-oa 
coifiann, ec mopf lug-oac piln loesaii^e, et; m alii 
■dicuiit;, T)onian5ai\^ mac Mifipe \iez) fecefpc anno 
xxxu.° Cfuief TTlic Miffe Conttaiifie epifcopi. 
•b. jet. lanaip. CCnno Domini ccccc." uii.° Uel hic 

niopf tiigDac pilii Laegaipe, 7 cac CCpxia coppanT). 

let. lanaip. CCnno ■oomim ccccc." uiii." 

let. lanaip. (6" p., I. 5.) CCnno -Domini ccccc" ix." 
beltum Ppenionn pop pacaig mac Kleill. Pailp bep- 
paiTje tncrop puiu. 

let. lanaip. (7" p., I. 16.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." oc." 
Oettiim pecunT)um CCpT)a coppann, uu atii 'oicunT;. 
b. let. lanaip. (1. p., t. 27".) CCnno -oomini ccccc" cc.° 1.° 

Cfuiep bponm epipcopi. "Depeccup potip cont;i5it;. 
Maciuicap pancci Ciapam pitn apiripicip. tlethic bap 
LugDac mic l-aegaipe pecunDum tibpum monachopum. 

let. lanaip. (3 p., I. 9".) CCnno -Domini ccccc.''x.° 11.° 
Cfuiep Gpci epipcopi Stane. "Oubcac (alDpuim tieapB), 
eppuc aipx) mdcai, obiir- TTIuipceapijach mac Gapca 
pegnape mcipic 



^ Ard-Corann See under tlie year 

464, supra. 

2 Reti secessit. — This espreasion is 
very obscure, and may be a blunder 
for 'vita secessit,' or for 'requiescit,' 
according as tlie transcriber toolc 
Domangart for a king or an ecclesias- 
tic. Tbis entry and the one which 
follows are fused into one in B., which 
has TDoriiansaixc mac ■Miy>]"e epi-p- 
copu'p Cotineiae Tiic quieuic. There 
was no Domangart bishop of Connor. 
ButMacNisse, i.e., Oengus, whose 
death is recorded under the year 513, 
infra, was the first bishop, aud founder 
of Connor. The subject is further 
complicated by the marginal entry, 
■DoTnan5ap.c epipcopup, which 



occurs in A., in a very old hand. In 
the entry of his death in Tigernach 
(a.d. 505), Domangart is called " King 
of Alba." At A.D. 559 infra, the 
death of Gabran, son of Domangart, 
is given. This Domangart was the 
son of Fergus Mor Mac Nisse, and 
3rd King of the Dalriadic Scots, 
rive years was the length of bis 
reign, according to the best authorities. 
It was in the year 502, according to 
Tigernach, that the colony went over 
to Scotland ; and, allowing three years 
for the joint reign of Lorn and Fergus, 
the date of Domangart's accession 
would be 505, and his obit (after a 
reign of five years) a.d. 510. It is 
worthy of observation that 35 years is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



37 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 506. The battle of Ard-Corann/ and 
the death of Lugaid son of Laegaire, and as others state, 
Domhangart Mac Nisse reti secessif in the S5th year. 
Rest of Mac Nisse," bishop of Connor. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 507. Or, in this year,* the death of 
Lugaid son of Laegaire, and the battle of Ard-Corann.' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 508. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 5.) a.d. 509. The battle of 
Fremhonn tvas gained over Fiacha son of Niall. Failghi 
Berraide was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 16.) A.D. 510. The second battle 
of Ard-Corann, as others say. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 27.) A.D. 511. The rest of 
Bishop Bron." An eclipse of the sun happened. Birth 
of Saint Ciaran' son of the Carpenter. Or, in this year, 
the death of Lugaid son of Laegaire, according to the 
Book of the Monks.^ 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd,, m. 9.) A.D. 512. The rest of Ere, 
bishop of Slane. Dubthach from Druim-dearbh," bishop 
of Armagh, died. Muirchertach Mac Erca begins to 
reign. 



[506.] 



[507.] 

[508.] 
[509.] 

[510.] 
[511.] 



[512.] 



the length assigned to his son Comgall's 
reign hy these Annals (infra, 537), from 
which date, if 35 years be deducted, 
we get the year of the migration. 
See Eeeves's Adamnan, pp. 433-436. 

^ Mac Nisse See under a.d. 513. 

■• Or, in this year — Viet liic, B. 
7 (for ec), A. 

* Ard-Corann. — See under the 
year 464, snpra. 

1= Bishop Bron. — Bishop of Cashel- 
Irra, now called Killaspugbrone 
('church of Bishop Bron'), a little 
to the west of Sligo. 

' Ciaran. — Founder of Clonmac- 
noise. His obit, in the 34th year of 
his age, is given infra, at 548, which 
would refer his birth to the year 514, 



the true year, and the year at which 
Tigernach has it. 

' BooTi of the Monks. — Secuti'DUtTi 
tibjium monacbovium, A. Not in 
B., nor in Clar. 49. The word 
monacbo-p.um is written in an ab- 
brev. form in A. ; but there can be 
no doubt as to the way in which it 
should be represented in full. There 
is no other reference to a " liber mon- 
achorum " ; and the name here may 
possibly be a mistake for " liber 
Mochod," or "Book of Mochod," 
referred to infra, at 527. 

^ From Druim-dearbh. — Not in B., 
though Clar. 49 has " de Druimderb." 
The addition also occurs in the Ann. 
Four Mast, at this year. 



38 



ccNNccLa tilcroli. 



]ct. lanaifi. (4" p, I. 20.) CCnno -Domiiii ccccc." x." 
111." Caiiippi 'DCtimapsic (mac ea-cac mic CiiimcoiiTD 
mic -peig mic 'Deaga Tiiiiiinn mic Reoccroa mic Colla va 
cpich) I'll CCipgiall. ITlac Mifi .1. CCensuf epfcop 
CoiiToeiie qui emu. 

]ct. lanaifi. (5 p.) CCnno -oomini ccccc." x.° iiii.° 
Romane eclepie l"r rioiimifca epifcopuf op-omacuf, 
iiixit: annip .ix. 
Yoiisib. ]ct. lonccip. (6 p, I.) CCnno TDommi ccccc." x.° u." 
bellum "Dpoma Dep-be pop 'Pcalp. piaca uiccop epar. 
IDeinxie campup TTli'De a iagenip publauip epc. 
Nacitiiuap Comgaill beanncccip. 

|ct. lanaip. (i. p., I. 23.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." x." 
tii.° Cfuiep "Dapepcae Cille pleibe Cuilinn .111. nonap 
luln. llel pecun-Dum almm libpum ncrciuicap Ciapam 
hoc anno. Cat "Opoma T)ep5aiTie piapiacaixi mac Neilb 
pop Pailge ni-beppaige. In-oe mag ITlise CC Lasenip 
ptiblacup epu, uv Cennpaelat) cecinic. 

T>i5al tJia peachc m-blmtian, 
Oa pi vt^ve a cpiT)e ; 
Cac inn Dpomaib ■oep^aigi, 
Oa "oe 'Docheap mag TTlitie. 

CCn pi aile aprhbepit), 
Piaca mac Meill ni celaiti, 
Oa paip cap cpemla cili 
Cat ■ppemon [TTli'De] memaiT). 

■|ct. lanaip. (2 p., I. 4.") CCnno -oomini ccccc." cc." 
till." CCnapcapiup impepacop piibica mopce pepiienuup 
epc, maiop ocuosenapio pepiiu. Uesnauiu annop .xx. 
nil., menpibup "ouobup, 'oiebup .oca;, ^x. 



' Eocha The original of the par- 
enthesis is not in B., nor in Clar. 49. 

2 Mac Nisi. — See under the year 
506, supra. 

' Failghi, i-i , Failghi Berraide, 



whose victory over Fiacha son of Niall 
in the battle of Fremonn (Frewin, co. 
Westmeath), is recorded at 509, supra. 
This battle is entered in the Ann. 
Four Mast, under 507, See O'Dono- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



39 



KaL Jan. (Wed, m. 20.) a.d. 513. Cairpri Daim- 
argit (son of Eocha/ son of Crimthand, son of Fiag, son 
of Deaga-duirn, son of Reochaid, son of Colla Dacrich), 
king of Airghialla, [died]. Mac Nisi,~ i.e. Aengus, bishop 
of Connor, rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., . .) A.D. 514. Hormisda, haAung 
been ordained 50th bishop of the Church of Eome, lived 
nine years. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. . .) a.d. 515. The battle of 
Dniim-derge luas gained over Failghi." Fiacha was 
victor. Thereupon the plain of Meath Avas taken from 
the Leinstermen. Birth of Comgall of Bangor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 23.) A.D. 516. The rest of 
Darerca of Cill-Sleibhe-Cuihnn, on the 5th of July. Or, 
according to another book, the birth of Ciai'an in this 
year. The battle of Druim-dergaidhe ivas gained by 
Fiacha son of Niall, over Failghi Berraide ; after which 
the plain of Meath was taken from the Leinstermen, as 
Cennfaelad sang : — 

His seven years' vengeance 
Was the wish of Ms heart. 
The battle in Druim-dergaidhe — 
By it the plain of Meath was lost. 

The* other king they mention — 
Fiacha son of Niall — hide it not — 
Over him, contrary to a false promise, 
The battle of Fremhon [of Meath] was won. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 4.) A.D. 517. The Emperor 
Anastasius was overtaken by a sudden death. He died 
over eighty years old. He reigned 27 years, 2 months, 
and 29 days." 



van's notes under that year, respect- 
ing the extent of the lands lost to the 
Leinstermen, as the result of their 
defeat. 

* This stanza, which is not in B., 



is added in the lower margin of fol. 
18i in A. 

^ Dai/s. — The numbers of the 
months and days are added in an old 
hand in A. 



[513.] 



rsH.] 



[515.] 



[516.]. 



[517.] 



40 



ccMNala ulcroti. 



let. 1anai|i. (8 i:., I. 15.) CCnno -001111111 ccccc." a;.° 
«iii.° ■NaT:iuit;aip Coluim CiUe eoT)em -Die quo buce 
mac bponai^Tioiarrmiic. Cfuief "Oapepcae que moninne 
nominaca efc. 
.b. let. lanaip. (4 ipa., luna 26.) CCnno -DOimini ccccc." 

x.° ix.° Conlae-D epfcop Cille "oapo tnopcuuir efc. 
bellum 'DGt;nae 1 n-T)pumbaiB h^e%, in quo cecitdc 
CCfi'D'Dsal piliuf Conaill pin KleiU. C0I55U moo 
CLuaechi xiex Oiiiencalium, ocuf ITluiiaceificac mac 
6iaca uiccoiaef epanc. Cortisall benncuifi naz;uf ept; 
VecuiiDum [all Of]. 

let. lanaip. (G p., I. 7.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." ccx.° 
Cainneach CCchaiT) bo ndcuf epc ■pecuii'Dum quofoam. 

let. Ian ai p. (T^-p., I. 18.") CCnno "Domini ccccc.''a:oc.°i.° 

let. lanaip. (1. -p., I. 29.") CCnno t)omini ccccc" xx.° 
11.° Cach "De^na 1 n-T)pommaiB bpeg in quo cgci-dit: 
CCpTDjal mac Conuill cpe^riiainne mic Weill pecum)um 
aliop. buici mac bponaig obiic. Colum cille norjup 
epc. 
.b. let. lanaip. (2 p, I. oc.) CCnno T)omini ccccc." xx.° 

111.° (aliap 1111.°) bellum Cainpi pilii Neill, 7 beoig 
(Gppcop) CCpua capna. Cfuiep pancce bpijicae anno 
Xxx. aecacip pue. 
Foi. l9ao. let. lanaip. (4 -p.) CCnno 'Dommi ccccc." ccx.° 1111.° 
lohannip Romane ecLepie papa l.i."P "ouobup annip in 
pe-oe perpi uixir, ConpT;ancinopolim uenic, qui "oum 



' Colum Cille. — The birth of Colum 
Cille is also entered infra^ at 522, 
which is the date adopted hy Ussher. 
(Index Chron. ad an). Tigernach 
gives it at 520. 

^ Darerca. — The " rest " of Darerea 
is entered before, at 516. 

' Son ofCluaeth. — In A. and B. the 
■words "son of Cluaeth" are repre- 
sented by m 00 ctu aecb i , which seems 
corrupt. The name in the corres- 
ponding entry in the Ann. Four Mast. 



is mac loici, " son of Loit." But the 
Chron. Scot. 1518), has ITIocloite, 
altered by Kod. O'Flaherty to Mao 
Cloithe, or son of Cloth. See Chron. 
Scot., p. 39, note '». 

•■ Others. — The corresponding Latin 
is not in A. or B. In fact, even the 
word pecuiTDUm is neither in B.,nor 
in Clar. 49. See 601 infra. 

' Accoi'ding to some, — Secuti'DtiTn 
quopoam. NotinB. St. Cainnech's 
birth is again entered under 526. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



41 



Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 15.) A.D. 518. The birth of 
^m Oiile,! on the same day in which Buite, son of 
±5ronach, slept. The rest of Darerca^ who was called 
Monmne. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed.,m. 26). a.d. 519. Conlaedh, bishop 
of Cm-dara, died. The battle of Detna, in Droma-Bregh, 
m which fell Ardgal, son of Conall, son of Niall. Colgu, 
son of Cluaeth,^ King of Airthera, and Muirchertach 
MacErca, were victors. Comgall of Bangor was born, 
according to [others*]. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 7.) a.d. 520. Cainnech of 
Achadh-b6 was born, according to some.^ 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 18.) a.d. 521. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 29.) A.D. 522. The battle of 
Detna,^ in Droma-Bregh, in which fell Ardgal, son of 
Conall Cremthainne, son of Niall, according to others.' 
Buiti, son of Bronach, died. Colum Cille was born.^ 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 10.) A.D. 523 (ahas' 524). The 
battle of Cainri,'" son of Niall, and [the rest] of Beoid, 
bishop of Ard-carna. Rest of Saint Brigit, in the 70th" 
year of her age. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn. .) a.d. 524. John," the 51st 
Pope of the Church of Rome, having lived two years in 
the See of Peter, came to Constantinople ; and when, on 



[518.] 



[519.] 



[520.] 

[521.] 
[522.] 



[523.] 



[524.] 



e Of Dttna.—'Not in B. 

' Others. — The orig. of this clause, 
■which is not in B., is added in the 
marg. in A. 

' Bm-ii. — The entry in B. is net hic 
nociuicay Cotuim Cllle, "or here, 
the birth of Colum Cille." See under 
518. 

9 Alias. — The suggested correction 
is in a very old hand in A. Not in B. 

"Battle of Cainri.— There is some 
error in this entry, which it is very 
hard, if not impossible, to rectify. 



Niall had no son named Cainri. The 
name might have been so written, by 
mistake, for CairbrL 

1' /« tlie rOtk.—The death of St. 
Brigit is recorded in these Annals, 
from different authorities, at 523, 526, 
and 527. Tigernach has it at 626. 
Early authorities state that she sur- 
vived St. Patrick 30 years, in which 
case the year of her death would be 523. 
See Chronicon Scotorum, a.d. 523. 

"John. — itlotiannif, A. 



42 



ccmialcc ulccoli. 



peTJienf Ratiennam ueniffet;, 'Ceocopicuf iT.ex CCpiiiantif 
eum cum comicibur cqicej'tif a-opliccione pepemir;, 
ctiiuf coiipup "oe Rauentia cpanflarum in bafilica 
becrci pecjii fepiilcum ey-c, pofc -ouof annop 7 .ix. 
meni^ep 7 "oiep cctiii. 

|ct. lanaip. (5 p.) CCnno "oomini ccccc." xx.° u° 
■Dofimicacio pancce bpigice anno .Ixx. eca7;if fue. 
C€ilill epfcop CCpT) ITlaca quieuic. 

]ct. 1anaip. (6 p.) CCnno TDomini ccccc." xx." ui." 
Waciuir;af Camnis CCchait) bo. Tnopp IllamT) mic 
T)iinlain5e iiaic Gnna niaxi mic biaeai-cnl belaig. CCnno 
liegiae iipbip .1. Conpcancmopolim con'Dii;ae, c.xc.uii., 
Iiifcmuf impeiaacoti lupriinianum ex popope pua nepo- 
cem, lanTDU-DUm a pe nobilippimtim •Depi5na(:um quoque 
piegni pin pucceppopemqye cpeatii-, )cl- CCppilip. Ippe 
uepo quapT^o ccb hoc menpe iiit^a "oeceppnc, anno mipepii 
ix." menpe 11.° paupaT:io panca CCilbe. 

jet. lanaip. (7 p., I. 24.) CCnno "oomini ccccc." ocx.° 
till." pelix Romane eclepie epipcopuppeT)ic annip.1111. 
menpibup ix. "oiebup .xiiii. lohannip eu "oiep. xun. ev 
menpibup .11. ec -oiebup .xin. "Pelix epiciunu quapuum 
annum, ec pepulrup epu in bapibica peupi beat;! 
apopcoli. Oellum Cinneic et; belltim CCca pighe pop. 
Laigniu. TDuipcepcac mac Gpcae uiccoppuiu. Uelhic 
TDopmicacio Opigi'De pecumDUm libpum Vf]ochov. 

let. lanaip. (2p.,l. 5.) CCnno 'Domini ccccc.°xx°uiii.'' 
■Macitiicap Coemain bpicc bene-oicuup monachup 
clapuiT;. 



■ SI. Brigit. — See under 523. 

' AiUll. — A mutilated note in tlie 
marg. in A. suggests that he was of the 
Ui-Bresail, In the List of the Suc- 
cessors of St. Patrick, contained in 
the Book of Leinster (p. 42, col. 3), 
this Ailill, who is there called " pri- 
mus," as well as his successor, Ailill 
" secundus," is stated to have been 
from Druimchad, in Ui-Bressail. The 



death of Ailill " the second " is entered 
under 535 infra. 

^ Cainnech, — St. Canice, Patron St. 
of Ossory. His birth is also entered 
supra, at 520. Tigernach places his 
birth at 517, which seems the true 
date, as his obit is given at 599 infra 
(=600), in his 84:th year, according 
to Tigern, 

* Saint .4iV6Ae.— Founder and Patron 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



43 



his return, he had arrived at Eavenna, Theodoric, the 
Arian king, put him and his companions to death under 
the rigour of imprisonment. His body, removed from 
Kavenna, was buried in the church of St. Peter, after two 
years, and nine months, and seventeen days. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursday.) A.D. 525. The repose of 
St. Brigit,^ in the 70th year of her age. Ailill,^ bishop of 
Armagh, rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Friday.) A.D. 526. The birth of Cain nech,^ 
of Achadh-bo. Death of Illand, son of Dunlaing, son of 
Enna Niadh, son of Bresal Belach. In the 197th year 
after the foundation of the regal city (i.e., Constantinople), 
on the Kalends of April, the Emperor Justin appointed 
as his successor on the throne Justinian, his nephew by 
his sister, who had, long before, been designated "Nohilis- 
simus" by him. He died in the fourth month following, 
in the 9th year and 2nd m onth of his reign. Best of Saint 
Ailbhe.* 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 24.) A.D. 527. Felix, bishop of the 
Church of Kome, sat 4 years, and 9 months,^ and 14 days 
(and the 17 days^ of John, and the two months and 
13 days of Felix, make the fourth year) ; and he was buried 
in the church of Saint Peter the Apostle. The battle of 
Cenn-eich, and the battle of Ath-sighe, gained over the 
Leinstermen. Muirchertach Mac Erca was victor. Or^ 
in this year, the repose of Brigid,'' according to the Book 
of Mochod.' 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 5.) A.D. 528. Birth of Coeman 
Brecc. Benedict, the monk, attained celebrity. 



[525.] 



[526.] 



[527.] 



[528.] 



of Imlech-Ibhair (Emly, county Tip- 
peraiy). His death is also entered 
under 533 and 541, infra. 

5 Months. — meirpibtlf, B. ; 
tnenipe, A. 

'^Days. — The original of the parenthe- 
sis here, -which in A. seems very cor- 
rupt, is not represented in the text of B. 



''Repose ofBrigid. — See note under 
523, supra. 

* Booh of Mochod. — See note on the 
"Book of theMonks," under511 supra. 
The clause ■j^ecuriTitim libtvutn 
tTlocho7)is onlyfound in A.(a2. man.") 
and Clar. 49. 



44 



ccNMalcc tila'oli. 



Foi. I9aj. ]ct. lanaip. (3 p.) CCnno -oomini ccccc a:x° ix.° 

]ct. lanaiti. (4p) CCnno xiomini ccccc.°aKcx.'' Copptif 
fancci CCnconn monachi 'oiuina laeuelacione ixepepi^uiTi 
CClaxaiTDpiam peifiTiucicup, er;in eclefiafancri lohannif 
^ bap7:ifT;aG humaT^up. 

let. lanmp. (5 p., I. 9.) CCnno-Domim ccccc.° axe." 1,° 
1n hoc anno "Oionippitif papcalep pcpippi^; ciclop, inci- 
pienp ab anno -Domimcae mcapnacionip "o." xx." qui epc 
"Diocliciani cc.«r xl. tn.^f- 

jet. lanaip. (7 p., 1-20.) CCnno ■Domini ccccc.''xocx.°ii.° 
111. bellum in hoc anno ^epca uno, ev poppico epgenpe 
eccleccam Imp, pebx pepul^up epi; m bapibca bean 
pecpi apopcob. Oellum Gblmne pia inuipcept;ac 
mac Gpce, 7 cau imuigi (Xilbe pop taigniu, 7 cac CCiT>ne 
pop Conachua, 7 car CClmume, 7 cau Cinneic pop 
Laigniu, 7 opjam na CLiac in uno anno. Cac CCca pije. 
muipcepcach mac Gapca uicuop epat;. 

let. lanaip d. p., I. i.) CCnno TDomini ccccc." a:axx.° 
111." "Oemeppio Tnuipcepr;ai5 pitii Gpce, .1. TDuipcep- 
i:ai5 mic TDuipeaxiaix) mic Gogain mic Weill .ix. gial- 
laig, in T)otio pleno umo, in apce Cleuij puppa boinn. 
Cfuiep (Xilbe imleca 1buip. bonipai;iup pomanup 
epipcopup peT)iz; annip .11. Diebup xx-ui., pepulcupque 
efx: m bapilica beaci peripi apopcoti. 



' Year 520.— This should be the 
year 532. 

2 The 246«A.— Should be "248th," 
Dioclesian having been proclaimed 
Emperor in A.D. 284. The old hand 
adds " Dion. Exiguus," in the mar- 
gin in A. 

^ Three battles. — In orig. (A.) .in. 
bettutn. The entry seems quite un- 
intelligible,being,as it stands " tria hel- 
ium (sic) in hoc anno gesta uno et 
possito (corrected from possite, by old 
hand) ergense ecc leccam lias." For 
.111. bettum, we might perhaps read 
w. belta (" six battles " — this being 



the number mentioned in the latter 
part of the entry.) But the Editor 
cannot attempt to explain the mean- 
ing of possito ergense ecc leccam lias. 
The introduction also of the name of 
Pope Felix (ob. 530), whose death and 
burial are referred to at the year 527, 
seems to indicate that some great 
confusion has occurred in the trans- 
cription of the text. The entry, un- 
fortunately, is not found in B., and is 
only represented in Clar. 49, by " 3" 
Bella hoc anno." Theso-called "trans- 
lator " who composed that version of 
these Annals must have had the full 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



45 



Kal. Jan. (Tuesd.) A.D. 529. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn.) A.D. 530. The body of St. 
Anthony, the monk, having been recovered by Divine 
revelation, is conveyed to Alexandria, and buried in the 
church of St. John the Baptist. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 9.) A.D. 531. In this year 
Dionysius wrote his Paschal Cycle, commencing from the 
year 520^ of the Incarnation of our Lord, which is the 
246th^ of Dioclesian. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 20.) A.D. 532. Three" battles 
were fought in this one year, et possito ergense ecc 
lecam lias, Felix was buried in the church of St. Peter 
the Apostle. The battle of Eblinne, gained by Muir- 
chertach Mac Erca, and the battle of Magh-Ailbhe, 
gained over the Leinstermen, and the battle of Aidhne 
over the Connaughtmen, and the battle of Almhu, and 
the battle of Cenn-eich, over the Leinstermen, and the 
plunder of the Clius, in one year.* The battle of Ath- 
sighe. Muirchertach Mac Erca was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 1.) A.D. 533. The drowning of 
Muirchertach Mac Erca, i.e., Muirchertach, son of Muire- 
dach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall Nine-hostager, in a vat 
full of wine, in the fort' of Cletech, over the Boyne. The 
rest of Ailbhe" of Imlech-Ibhair. Boniface, bishop of 
Rome, having sat 2 years and 26 days, was buried in the 
church of St. Peter the Apostle. 



enlr}' before him, in some ancient copy, 
but was probably unable to under- 
stand it, and therefore passed it by. 

■* Jn one t/ear In tino anno. Not 

in B. 

= Tn the fort. — In axe, A. and B. 
But, o£ course, by mistake for afice. 
In an ancient account of the death of 
Muirchertach Mac Erca, contained in 
the Yellow Book of Lecan, it is stated 
that his destruction was contrived by 
a fairy woman named Sin (pron. 
Sheen), for whose society he had dis- 



carded his queen. But his relative St. 
Cairnech of Dulane (inMeath), having 
persuaded him to take back hs queen, 
and dismiss his fairy favourite, the 
latter, through her fairy machina- 
tions, successfully plotted the destruc- 
tion of King Muirchertach. The tale 
is wild and imaginative, but contains 
much historical information. See 
the Ann. Four Mast., under A.D. 527, 
and Chron. Scot., at 531. 

"Mest of Ailbhe.—Sia. "rest" is 
also entered under 526 and 541. 



[529.] 
[530.] 



[531.] 



[532.] 



[583.] 



46 



CCMNalCC UlCCDll. 



"jet. Ictnaip. (2 p., I. 12.) CCnno T)otnini ccccc." xxx." 
1111." T)or^mlt;aclO mucci -oircipuli pacfiicii cciii. fct. 
fepT;enibiiir ; pc ipfe fcifiipric in epipcola fua, 
TTlaticceuf peccacop ppeppicep, pancn pacpicii -oip- 
cipuluf, in T)oniino palticem. beUum locapa mope 
eicip "Da mbep pia 'Cuaml maelgapIS mac Copmaic 
caeic mic Caipbpe mic Weill .ix. giallaig pop Cian- 
nacht;. Cac CCiblmne pia mtiipceap^ach mac ©apca 
pop Laignui uc aln tiolunc. 
.b. fct. lanaip. (3 p., Iti. 23.) CCnno ■Domini ccccc." xxx.° 

A.idba. u.o hue upque TTlapcellinup pepDUxic cponicon puum. 
TTlepctipiup qui ec lohannip nauione pomantip pomane 
ecclepiae epipcopup pewc annip .11. menpibup .1111. 
■Diebup .«!., pepuluiip epc in bapilica beaci pecpi 
apopcob. pep-DiT^io panip. CCilill eppcop CCipT) 
maca obiic. llel hic baxiax) TTluipcheapuais mic 
Gapca, pecun'Diim all op. 

"[ct. lanaip. (0 p., I. 4). CCnno T)omini ccccc." aocx.° 
HI." bellum Giblinne moncip. 'Cuacal maelgapb peg- 
nauit; annip .xi. Uel bic "oopmicaT;!© pancci TTlocca 
-Dipcipuli paupicii. 

let. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ccccc." xxx.° tin." OCgapi- 
cup naT;ione pomanup, Tlomane ecclepie epipcopup 
peTJir; menpibup .xi. -oiebup .uin., er in bapilica beaci 
pei;pi apopcoli pepulcup epc : xxui 'oiep bonipaz;ii, 
et; .1111. menpep ec .ui. "oiep TYlepcupn, ec .xi. menpep 
ec 'Diep .U111. CCgapiui, eppiciunc annum ev .1111. menpep 



1 Mochta. — (Mauchteus) A. The 
clause here quoted is not in B., but is 
in Clar. 49. 

- Luachalr-mor. — The Four Mast,, 
who have the entry of this battle 
under a.d. 528, state that it was called 
the " battle of Ailbhe in Brega," and 
was gained over the " Cianachta of 
Meath." The place is now supposed 
to be represented by Clonalvy, bar. 



of Upper Duleefc, co. Meath. It is 
entered again, under 538. 

''As some say — tic atii uoltinc. 
Not in B. 

* AiUll. — A marg. note in A. has 
T)0 lb bp.eapail beop ("of the 
Ui-Bresail still.") See note under 
525 supra, regarding another bishop 
of Armagh of the name. 

'aUabh-Mbhlinne, — Aibhlinne, at 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



47 



Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 12.) a.d. 534. The repose of 
lochta, disciple of Patrick, on the 13th of the Kalends 
f September. Thus he wrote in his epistle : " Mochta,^ 

sinner, presbyter, disciple of Saint Patrick, sends greet- 
ng in the Lord." The battle of Luachair-m6r° between 
wo ' invers,' luas gained by Tuathal Maelgarbh, son of 
)ormac Caech,son of Cairbre, son of Niall Nine-hostager, 
iver Cianachta. The battle of Aibhlinne was gained 
ly Muirchertach Mac Erca over the Leinstermen, as some 

ay.' 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m, 23.) A.D. 535. Thus far Marcel- 
inus brought down his Chronicle. Mercurius, who was 
Jso called John, a Roman by birth, bishop of the Church 
(f Eome, sat 2 years, 4 months, and 6 days ; and was 
)uried in the church of St. Peter the Apostle. Failure 
)f bread. Ailill,* bishop of Armagh, died. Or, in this 
^ear, the drowning of Muirchertach Mac Erca, according 
;0 others. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 4.) A.D. 536, Battle of 
sliabh-Eibhlinne.'' Tuathal Maelgarbh reigned eleven" 
,'ears. Or, in this year, the repose of Saint Mochta,' 
lisciple of Patrick. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 537. Agapitus, a Roman by birth, 
jishop of the Church of Rome, sat 11 months and 8 days. 
5e was buried in the church of St. Peter the Apostle. 
Twenty-six days of Boniface, and 4 months and (j days 
)f Mercurius, and 11 months and 8 days of Agapitus, 
nake up a year, and 4 months, and 10 days. The battle 



[534.] 



[535.] 



[536.] 



[537.] 



L.D. 53i. Now known as the Sliabh- 
Phelim Mountains, on the confines of 
ripperary and Limerick. 

'^Eleven years.- -A. and B. have 
' annis xi". But Clar. 49 has ii. (for 
two ' j'ears), which is probably a mis- 
take for 11. Tho murder of Tuathal 
Vlaelgavbli is recorded infra, at 543, 
md as the length of his reign was 



eleven years, the date of his accession 
must have been 632. Tuathal Mael- 
garbh was grandson of Cairbre, son 
of Niall, and the on\y sovereign of 
Ireland in this line. His surname is 
interpreted caho-asper by O'Flaherty. 
^Ilochta. — His "doi-mitatio " is en- 
tered above, under the year 534. 



48 



aMNala tilcct)1i. 



>I. 1966. 



.b. 



ec .oc. T)ief. belUiiTi CLoenloca ubi ceci'Dic Ulane mac 
CefibaiU. TTlopf ComsaiU mic "OoTnansaii^u, xxcc.° u.° 
anno peyjni. 

let. lanaiiL CCnno "oomini ccccc." ncxx.° tnii.° Pep 
■Dirio panif. bellum locafi. 'Cuacal maelgaiib (mac 
Cop,maic caic mic Caifibp.i mic Kleill .ix. giallaig) 
incT;op epac, uc alii ■oicunu. Silueyiiuf naT;ione Tloma- 
nuf yevw anno .1. menfibup .11. "oief .xi., conipefop 
obiic. 

let. lanaifi. (Xnno 'oomini ccccc." xxx.° ix." Macnn- 
zaf Sl^isoj-ui Rome. Uisiliuf nacione |iomanuip epif- 
copuf fiomane ecctefie fe-oir; annip .xuii. menfibuf 
•ui. T)iebuf .xx\u Sapacufpf -oepunccuf epc ; Uia 
l^atafiia feputuuf efc. 

let. lanaip. CCnno 7)omini ccccc.°xl.° 

let. lanaip. CCnno -Domini ccccc" xl.° 1.° Tllofif 
Comgaill mic "Oomangaipc CClbetip paufau. 

let. lanaip. CCnno "Domini cccc[c].'' xt." 11.° Oeltum 
■Coprren .1. pia Laignib, iibi ceciT)ic mac Gpce pibup 
CCilella molt;, bellum Slicige ubi ceciDic Gugen bel 
pex Connacbc. pepssup 7 "Oomnall, ■duo pilii mic 
epce, uicuopep epant;, 7 CCinmipe mac Serna 7 Minnixi 
mac Serni. 

let. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ccccc." xl." 111.° 'Cuacal 
maeljapb lugulacup epc .1. a n-'^peallaig allca, la 
maelmop'oa, cui pucceppit; "Oiapmaic mac Cepbaill. 

let. lanaip. (1. p., I. 2.) CCnno -oomini ccccc." xl.° 
1111.° 1Tlopt;alicap ppima que "oicicup blepeT), in qua 



' Cloenloch. — The Four Mast., at 
681, place it in Cinel-Aodha (or 
Kinalea), a district well known as 
O'Shaughnessy's country, and lying 
round the town of Gort, in the co. 
Gal way. 

' Mane son of Cerbhall. — He was 
of the " Ui-Maine " of Connaught, 
who derived their tribo-name from 



Maine, fifth in descent from Colla- 
da-crich. 

^ Comgall. — See nole under a.d. 
506, supra. 

* Luachair.—See this battle entered 
above, at 534. 

' Sou. — The parenthetic matter is 
not in B. 

° Coiifessw — opepofi, A. ^, B. 



ANNALS OF ULSTBR. 



49 



of Cloenloch/ in which fell Mane= son of Cerbhall. Death of 
ComgalP son of Domangart, in the 35th year of his reigu. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 538. Failure of bread. The battle of 
Luachair.* Tuathal Maelgarbh, (son= of Cormac Caech, 
son of Cairbre, son of Niall Nine-hostager), was victor, 
as some say. Silverius, a Roman by birth, sat 1 year, 
5 months, 11 days, and died a confessor." 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 539. Birth of Gregory'' at Rome. 
Yigilius, a Roman by birth, bishop of the Church of 
Rome, sat 17 years, 6 months, and 22 days. He died at 
Syracuse, and was buried in the Via Salaria. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 540. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 541. Death of Comgall,'* son of Doman- 
gart. Ailbhe" rested. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 542. The battle of Torten'" vms gained 
by the Leinstermen, in which fell Mac Erca," son of 
Ailill Molt. The battle of Sligech, in which fell Eogan 
Bel, King of Connaught. Fergus and Domnall, two sons 
of Mac Erca, were victors, and Ainmire son of Setna, 
and Ninnidh son of Setna.^^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 543. Tuathal Maelgarbh was slain by 
Maelmordha, i.e. at Greallach-allta, to whom Diarmait 
Mac Cerbhaill succeeded. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 2.) a.d. 544. The first mor- 
tality, which is called ' blefed,'^^ in which Mobi Clarainech 



[538.] 



[539.] 



[510.] 

[5«.] 

[542.] 



[543.] 



[544.] 



' Gregm-y. — See under a.d. 544. 

' Comgall. — His deatli is entered 
before under 537, which seems the 
proper date. See a note on the sub- 
ject at 50*!, supra. 

' Ailbhe The " quies " of Ailbhe 

is recorded above under the year 533. 

'° Torten.— So called from the Ui- 
Tortain, a small branch of the Airghi- 
alla, who settled near Ardbraccan in 
Meath. They derived their name 
from Tortan, fifth in descent from 
Colla-da-crich. 

" Jtfac Erca, — Tigernacb states 



that the *' men of Cera '' (or tribes 
inhabiting the barony of Carra, co. 
Mayo), descended from hira. This 
battle is entered again under 547. 

^'^ Setna. — This should be " Duach," 
as in Tigernach and the Ann. Four 
Mast. 

^^Blefed. — See several references to 
this plague in the Census of Ireland 
for 1851, part T., vol. I., p. 46, 
wliere some curious information on 
the subject of this and other plagues 
is collected. 



E 



50 



ccMMcclcc nlccoli. 



TTlobi clapainecc obnc. moiif ComsaiU mic T)om- 
ansaipc tic alii -oicuni:. "Oiaiimaic mac ■peiT-bUf*^ 
Cepiabeoil mic Conaill ciieiiiminne mic Meill -la;. 
jiallaig yiegnape incipic, fecuiroum libjium Cuanach. 
Uel hie Waoiuicap 'SpebOiT^n fectinxium aliof. 

let. lanaiii. (2 p., I. 13.) CCnno 'Domini ccccc-" xl.° 
u.° T)aii^e Coluim ciUe puiToaca epc. 

fct. lanaiji. (.3p.,l. 24.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." xl." ui." 
(aliar47.) bellum Sbsixie in quo cecerfix: GugenbelGi. 
Xiex Connachr), 7 "Oomnall 7 Peyisuf t)Uo pilii TTluipceiv 
caig mic Gapca, 7 CCmmiiie mac Secna mic peii^ufamic 
Conaill julban mic Tieill .vx. siallaig, mcooiief ejiant;. 
■b. "jet. lanaip. (4 p,l. -5.) CCnno -oomini ccccc." xl." uii." 

"Oubcac (no "Ouac, vo pil Cholla naif) ab CCiit) maca 
qineuic. Cluain mic Kloif punDaoa eye. Cac 'Coiiran 
fiia taijnui, in quo cgci'dit; mac Gapca mic CCilella 
muilc Uel hie cac SligTOe. 

]ct. lanaiia. (6" p., I. 16.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." ccl." 
uiii.° "Doiamicacio piln aficipicip .1. Gia|^aini, anno 
XXX. 1111. aecacif pue (uel anno 7° popcquam Cluain 
mic Moip conpcpuepe cepio). "oisepnac Cluana eoip. 
moiiralicap magna in qua ipci paupanc, pinnio mace 
Foi. 20aa. u "CelDUib, Colaim nepop CpauiTiminan, TTlae rail 
Cille cuilinT), Sinceall mac CenannT)ain abbap Cille 
achaiT) -opummM poco, 7 Columbae innpae Celqiae. 
Uel hoc anno 'Cuacal maelgapb pi 'Ceampach in- 



1 Gregory Afterwards styled the 

" Great." See also under 639. 

2 Alias 47 Added in old hand in A. 

^ Sligech. — The river which gives 

name to the town of Sligo. This hattle 
is entered above at the year 542. 

'DomnaW.— The remainder of this 
entry is not in B. 

^ Duach. — This is the name in B., 
and also in the list of the Comarbs 
(or successors) of St. Patrick, in the 
Booh of Ldnster, p. 42, col. 3. The 



original of the parenthesis appears as 
a gloss in the original hand in A., and 
also in B. 

" Tortan. — This battle is entered 
above at the year 542, where see note. 
The test of this and the entry which 
follows in A. is represented in B. by 
uel liic bellum coiican -yheVjam 
•Sligi'De. 

' Clonmacnoise. — This clause is not 
in B., nor in Clar. 49. 
' Cluain-eois. — Clones,co. Monaghan, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 51 

ed. The death of Comgall, son of Dornangart, as some 
y. Diarmait, son of Fergus Cerrbeoil, son of Conall 
imthainne, son of Niall Nine-hostager, begins to reign, 
cording to the Book of Cuanu. Or, in this year, the 
rth of Gregory ,1 according to some. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 13.) a.d. 545. Daire-Coluim- [5-15.] 
ille was founded. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 24. a.d. 546 (alias 47)." The [546.] 
ittle of Sligech,' in which fell Eugen Bel (i.e., Kina 
' Connaught), and Domnall* and Fergus, the two sons 

■ Muirchertach Mac Erca, and Ainmire son of Setna 
on of Fergus, son of Conall Gulbaii, son of Niall Nine- 
Dstager), were victors. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 5.) A.D. 547. Dubtach (or [547.] 
uach,^ of the race of CoUa TJais), abbot of Armagh, 
isted. Cluain-mic-Nois was founded. The battle of 
ortan^ was gained by the Leinstermen, in which fell 
^ac Erca, son of Ailill Molt. Or, in this year, the battle 

■ Sligech. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid.,m. 16.) a.d. 548. The falling asleep [548.] 

■ the son of the Carpentei-, i.e., Ciaran, in the 34th year 
' his age, (or in the 7th year after he had commenced to 
aild Clonmacnoise.') Tigernach of Cluain-eois" [died.] 
reat mortality, in which these persons rested : Finnio 
[acc-U-Telduibh ;" Colam descendant of Craumthanan f 
[ac-Tail of Cill-Cuilind ; Sinchell son of Cenandan, 
bbot of Cill-achaidh of Druim-fota, and Colum of Inis- 
eltra. Or, in this year," Tuathal Maelgarbh, King of 

» mco U TMuibh. - Corruptly f was the tifth in descent from Crim- 
accucT,«,binA. Not in tl>ann, 



tar. 



ritten Tn „ , ., . 

The name is Mac Credmb m 
id But this is more corrupt 
n" Tigernach, at the parallel place, 
yes the name as printed above. 
10 j)escendant of Craumthanan.^ 
,e Four Masters CA.D- 5^8)^''"'^™ 
Jum son of Crimthann. But he 
,s really the son of Nmnidh, who 



" This year. — This entry is added 
at foot of fol. 19iJ. in A., in an old 
hand. It is represented in B., in the 
text, after the name of Columba of 
Inis-Celtra, merely by net lioc anno 
■Ctiacal n-iaelgaiiB in5ulaT;u|- 
puic. The entry in Clar. 49 is 
nearly the eame as in A. 

E 2 



52 



aNKialcc iilaT)1i. 



ze\m-c 1 n-5)aeaUai5 eilce, lugulouuf o TTlaelTfiofi 1iu 
mic hi, qui ec ipfe fccccim occiffU)^ efc. Vlnve xnci- 
cup. echc maeilifi 01 fi- 
let, lanaii-i. (7 p, I. 27.) CCnno t)omini ccccc." xl.° 
IOC." belUim cuile Conaiiie i Cepu, ubi ceciT)6ifiutic 
OCilill mbccnna (.i. iii Connachu), 7 CCe-o pojacoboL 
.1. a bj^acaip. 126115111^ 7 'Domiiall (.1. va mac TTluip- 
cejaraij mic Bfice) uiccopef ejianc. Uel hoc antio 
qmey "Cigeianaci. 

let. lanaiii. (If.,!. 9.) CCnno T)oniini ccccc." l.° 
Cfuief IDaui-Dif ■pafiannaim (piln ^uaiy^e 1 paiianam), 
epifcopi CC]iT) macha ec lejaci cociup nibepnie. 

let. Ian ai p. (2 p.) CCnno 'oomini ccccc.''l.°i.° bellum 
Cuitne in quo ceci'Depunc coiacu Oche TTluman opa- 
cionibuf Icae Ctuano. TTlopp 'Pocaiu pilii Conaitl. 

let. Ian ai p. (4 p.) CCnno 'Domini ccccc." t.° 11.° imo][ip 
Gucac mic Contei-o .1. pi Utat), a quo hu Gcac UlaT) 
naz:! punt;, 7 mopp bic mic T)eici. ITlopp Cpaumcain 
mic bpiuin. Sic in tibpo Cuanac mueni .1. Tleilci 
Pacpaic "DO uabaipc 1 pcpm 1 cinn T;pi xx'^^ blia'oan 
lap n-ecpechc pacpaic ta Cotum citte. "Cpi minna 
uaipte vo pajbail ipm ax»nucal .1. a coac 7 poipcela 
inx) amgiti, 7 ctocc m ai-oecua. IS amtaix) po po pogail 



1 Feat eclic Translated "great 

act," in Clar. 49. 

^Aedh Fortobol More correctly 

called Aedh Fortamhail ("Aedli the 
Strong ") by the four Mast., at the 
year 544. 

3 Tif/ernach. — Uis death is among 
the entries for the jirevious year. 

*Son of. — The parenthetic clause 
is added as a gloss in A., in a 
very old hand. Tliere is no entrj' 
for this year in B. , but Clar. 49 Las 
the notice of David in exactly the 
same words as A. The name of 
David does not occur in any of the 
Lists of the Bishops of Armagh ac- 



cessible to the Editor. See Ware's 
Works (Harris's ed.), vol. 1, p. 38 
where reasons are adduced in disproof 
of the statement above given regard- 
ing David, and Golgau's Trias Thaum., 
p. 293, col. 2, where it is stated that 
this David was the same person who 
was called Fiacher [or Fiachra] in 
the " Psalter of Casliel." The name 
"Fiachra," occurs in the Book oj 
Leinstcr (p. 42, col. 3), and in other 
ancient lists, as the successor of 
Duach, bishop of Armagh, whoso obit 
13 given above under the year 547. 
The entry is written in a coarse hand 
in A. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



53 



Tara, perished in Grellacli-eilte, being slain by Maelmor 
Ua-Mic-Hi, wlio himself was slain immediately after. 
Hence is said the ' feat^ of Ma.elmor.' 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 27.) a.d. 549. The battle of Cul- 
Conaire in Cera, in which fell Ailill Inbanna (i.e.. King of 
Connaught), and Aedh Fortobol," i.e., his brother. Fergus 
and Domnall {i.e., the two sons of Muirchertach Mac 
Erca)were victors. Or, in this year, the rest of Tigernach." 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., ra, 9.) a.d. 550. The rest of David, 
descendant of Farannan, (son-* ot Guaire, descendant of 
Farannan), Bishop of Armagh, and Legate of all Ireland. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond.) a.d. 551. The battle of Cuilen,^ 
in which the Corco-Oche of Munster were slain, through 
the prayers of Ita of Cluain." Death of Fothad, son of 
Conall. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed.) A.D. 552. Death of Eacha, son of 
Conled, i.e.. King of Ulad, from whom the Ui-Echach of 
Ulad are descended ; and death of Bee Mac Deiche.' Death 
of Craumthan, son of Brian. Thus I find in the Book of 
Cuanu, viz. : — The relics of Patiick were placed in a 
shrine, at the end of three score years after Patrick's 
death, by Colum-cille. Three splendid ininna'^ were 
found in the tomb, to wit, his goblet, and the Angel's 



[549.] 



[550.] 



[551.] 



[552.] 



^ Cuilen Writtea CuiLne in Irish 

text. BatCinLne is thegenit. form, 
the nom. of wliich may be Cuilen. 
(Compare eoUnn, *' caro ; " gen., 
colno, Ebel's Zuess, p. 41.) As the 
Corco-Oche of Munster were certainly 
located in what is the present county 
of Limerick, if this suggestion is 
correct, the site of the battle was pro- 
bably the present village ot Cuilen, 
near the Limerick Junction, but 
situated within the limits of the 
county Tipperarj'. Keating (at reign 
of Diarmait mac Cerbhaill) calls the 
event the battle of Cill- Cuile. 

"/to of Cluain. — St. Ita of Cluain. 



The site of St. Ita's church, anciently 
called Cluain-Credail, is now known 
as Killeedy, in the parish of the same 
name, baronj' of Upper Connello, and 
connty of Limerick. 

'Bee Mac Dekhe. — His death is 
entered at 557 infra, where the name 
is written Bee Mac De, the more usual 
form. 

^ Minna,^\-\xc. of77?i/m,orwu*«(7,which 
signifies a crown, diadem, or precious 
thing. The term was also generally 
applied to reliquaries, on which oaths 
were sworn ; and thus came to signify, 
in a secondary sense, an oath. 



54 



CCMMCCLCC UlCCDll. 



nit; mnsel T)0 Colum ciUe inna minna .1. in coac no "oun 
7 cloc in ai-oechTja -do CCfiT) maca 7 foifcela inn aingil 
-DO Colum ciUe pein. 18 aifie -do sajxaia foifcela in 
mngil 7)6, aifi if a laim in aingil ayipoec Colum cille 
he. tiel I11C quief T)aui'Dif epifcopi CCp-o macha ev 
le^aci. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini ccccc." l.° in." Naciuicaf 
lusTxi^ mic u Ochae. pepcif (.1. leppa) que uocaca 
epc in paifichpofc. 

]ct. Ian mil. CCnno -oomini ccccc" L" 1111.° Cachub 
mac pep^ufa epfcop CCci-o cinn obiit;. Colman map, 
mac "Oiapmara "oeiiis mic pepjupa ceppbeoil mic 
Foi. 20a6. Conaill Cpemramne mic Weill .ice. jiallaig, quem 
"Oubploic uisulauic. Gcclepia benncuip pun'oara epc. 
.b. let. 1 anal p. (7 p., I. 4.) CCnno 'oomini ccccc." l.° u.° 

Pelagiup nacione pomanup pewT; annip .oci. "oiebup 
.XU111. pepulcup epc in bapilica beaci peT;pi apopcoli. 
TTl opcaliuap ma^na hoc anno .1. 'in cpon conaill .1. in 
buiTie conaill. 

fct. lanaip. (2 p., I. 15.) CCnno "Domini ccccc." l." ui." 
ITlopp ■pep5na(uel pacac)nepor;ip IbTDaij, pejip UloT;h. 

let. lanaip. (3 p., I. 26.) CCnno -Dommi ccccc.''l.°uii.° 
lusulario Colmam moip micT)iapmaca quem "Dubploic 
lu^ulauic Ceana TTempa la "Oiapmaic mac Cepbaill, 
ev puja ani;e pilium TYlaelcon, ec mopp ^abpain mic 
Ttomangaipr. bpenDinup ecclepiam 1 cluain pepcapun- 
7)auit;. mopp Ca^ac mic Conlaic P15 Ula'D. ITlopp Big 
mic -DC ppopeuae. 



' Therest ofDai-id. —Added in coarse 
hand in A. See tlie note under the year 
550 in reference to the person called 
David, Bishop of Armagh and Legate 
of all Ireland. The foregoing entry- 
is not In B., nor in Clar. 49. 

2 Samthrosc. — In the Cambridge 
Cod. Canon. Hibern. (p. 134) trusci is 
glossed by " scabiem ;" which would 
prove, without the gloss lejira in the 



entry, that the " samthrosc " was a 
cutaneous disease. 

^ Colman. — This entry is faultily 
constructed. The death of Colman 
is again entered under 557, in more 
accurate terms. See under a.d. 599. 

■■ Founded. — The foundation of the 
church of Bangor is again entered at 
the year 658. 

^ Cron-Conaill. — This is further ex- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



55 



Gospel, and the Bell of the Testament. This is how the 
Angel distributed the treasures for Colum-cille, viz. : — the 
goblet to Down, and the Bell of the Testament to Armagh, 
and the Angel's Gospel to Colum-cille himself. The 
reason it is called the Angel's Gospel is, because it is 
from the Angel's hand Colum-cille received it. Or, in 
this year, the rest of David,^ Bishop of Armagh, and Legate. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 553. The birth of Lugaid Mac Ui 
Ochae. The distemper {i.e., leprosy), which is called the 
Samthrosc.^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 554. Cathub, son of Fergus, bishop of 
Achad-cinn, died. Colman" the Great, son of Diarmait 
Derg, son of Fergus Cerrbeoil, son of Conall Cremthainne, 
son of NiaU Nine-hostager, whom Dubsloit killed. The 
church of Bangor was founded.* 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 4.) A.D. 555. Pelagius, by birth a 
Roman, sat 11 years and 18 days. He was buried iu 
the church of St. Peter the Apostle. A great mortality 
in this year, i.e., the cron-conaill,^ i.e., the buidhe-conaill. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 15.) a.d. 55C. Death of Fergna 
(or Fiacha), descendant of Ibdach, King of Ulad. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 26.) a.d. 557. The slaying of 
Colman" the Great, son of Diarmait, whom Dubsloit slew. 
The Feast of Tara by Diarmait Mac Cerbhaill ; and the 
flight before the son of Maelchon, and the death of Gabran, 
son of Domangart. Brendan founded a church in Cluain- 
ferta. The death of Eacha,' son of Conlaedh, King of 
Uladh. The death of Bee Mac De, the prophet." 



plained bj buidhe-conaill. Cron 
means ' saffron-colour,' and huidhe 
' yellow.' The term is usually written 
crom-conaill. (See Census of Ireland, 
1851, part 5, vol. 1, pp. 46-7.) But 
the form cron-conaill seems the more 
correct. The second member of the 
name, ' conall,' is evidently the same 
as the word connall (gl. stipulam : 
i?eK2. Celt. 38). The disease was of ' 



the nature of jaundice. It seems to 
have been the same kind of disease 
as that which proved so fatal in 548. 
It was variously Latinized Jlaoa 
pestis, Jlava icteritia, and icieritia. 

' Colman. — See under the year 554. 

'Eacha. — The death of this person is 
also entered under the year 552 supra. 

' Prophet. — The epithet prophetic 
(or 'propetae,' as in A), is not in B. 



[553.] 



[554.] 



[655.J 



[556.] 



[557.] 



56 



CCNNCClCC llLCCT)1l. 



let. lanaiji. CCnno 7501111111 ccccc." l.° iiin.° Gcctepa 
benncaiii puiToaca efc 
•b. ]ct. lanaiiT.. Ctnno'ooiTiini ccccc.°l.°ix.'' ■peiff'CerTifia 

la T)icq-imaixi mac Cepbaill 7 inopf 5«t)pctin mic 
"Oomansaiiic fecuiTDuni aliof. Immifije pe mac 
TTlaelcon (.1. bpin'oe jiex). Cac Cuile "ofieimne. 

let. Ian ai p. CCnno ■Domim ccccc." be." bellum Cuile 
"Diieimne pop T)iafimaic mac Ce|ibaill, trbi .111. milia 
ceci'DeiiinTC. ■peiajguf 7 "Domnatl Da mac mic Gyice (.1. va 
mac miiii'icheiiT;ai5 mic ITiuip.ea-Daig mic eojain mic 
■Meilt), 7 CCinmipe mac Seem, 7 Wamnit) mac "Duac (pi 
Connachu) tncT^opep epanu. 7 CCeT> mctc echach T;ipm- 
chapna pi Connachc. pep opauionep CoLuim cille 
uicepuiTC. ■ppaechan mac'Cemnan ipeT)opi5nein n-epbe 
n-TDpiiaT) "DO "OiapmaiT;. "Cuaacan mac 'Dimain mic 
Sapain mic Copmaic mic eo^ain ipe pota in epbe 
n-DpuaT) cap cenn. TTlastaine po cing rappe qui poltip 
occipup epc. Oetlum Ctnte uini^en. 

let. Icmaip. CCnno "Domini ccccc." Ix." 1.° 11 el hic 
belUim cuile umpen 1 "Ceb^ai pop "Diapmaii; mac 
Cepbaill pe n-CCex) mac Openain. TDiapmaic pugic. 
Foi. 205(7. belUim mona TDaipe. 



The death of Bee Mac De is entered 
above at the j'ear 552, where the 
name is differently written. 

' Fuunded. — See under 554, where 
the foundation of the Church of Ban- 
gor is also recorded. In Clar. 49, in 
the passage parallel to the present, 
the word ' finita ' is used instead of 
'fundata.' But Clar. 49 is a very 
poor authority. 

^According toothers. -SecuilTJUm 
all op. In B. only. 

^ Expedition. — This entry is not in 
B., nor in Clar. 49. The Irish word 
immiixge means a hosting, expedi- 
tion, or assembly. Skene {Chron. of 
the Picts and Scots, p. 344) under- 



stands imnii]\5e (or as he writes it 
/HmjVi/e) to mean "expulsion." But 
this is wrong. 

' Battle of Cul-dreimne. — The os- 
tensible cause of this battle was the 
execution, by King Diarmait Mac 
Cerbhaill, of Curnan, son to the King 
of Connaught, who was forced from 
St. Columba's protection, to which he 
had fled, and the desire on the part of 
the Northern Hy-Neill to revenge the 
insult offered to their kinsman. The 
real cause would seem to have been 
the rivalry of the two great families. 
In the account of the battle in the 
Ann. Four Mast., at 555, however, au 
additional cause is assigned, namely 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



57 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 538. The church of Bangor was founded.^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 559. The Feast of Tara by Diarmait 
Mac Cerbhaill; and the death of Gabran, son of Domangart, 
(according to others^). An expedition' by the son of 
Maelchon (i.e., King Bruide). The battle of Cul-dreimne. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 560. The battle of Cul-dreimne," ^ametZ 
over Diarmait Mac Cerbhaill, in which 3,000 fell. Fergus 
and DomnaU, two sons of Mac Erca (i.e., two sons* of 
Muirchertach, son of Muiredach, son of Eogan, son of 
Niall), and Ainmire, son of Setna, and Nainnid, son of 
Duach, King of Connaught," were victors, and Aedh, son 
of Echa Tirmcharna,' King of Connaught. Through the 
prayers of Colum-Cille they conquered. Fraechan, son 
of Temnan,^ it was that made the Druids' erbe^ for 
Diarmait. Tuatan, son of Diman, son of Saran, son of 
Cormac, son of Eogan, it was that threw over head the 
Druids' erbe.^ Maglaine that passed over it, who alone 
was slain. The battle of Cul-Uinsen. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 561. Or, in this year, the battle of 
Cul-TJinsen, in Tebhtha, was gained over Diarmait Mac 
Cerbhaill, by Aedh son of Brenan. Diarmait fled. The 
battle of Moin-Daire. 



[558.] 
[559.] 



[560.] 



[56L] 



a decision given by King Diarmait 
in a dispute between Colum Cille 
and St. Finnen. See O'Donovan's 
notes on the subject, Four Mast., 
A.D. 555. That it was considered an 
era in the life of St. Colum Cille 
appears from Adamnan's words, who 
dates the arrival of St. Colum Cille 
in Britain as occurring in the 'second 
year after the battle of Cule-Drebene.' 
The name Cooledrevny is now obso- 
lete, but Colgan states that the place 
was in the territory of Carbury, near 
Sligo, on the north. (Ti-ias Thaum,., 
p. 452.) It must therefore have been 
in the neighbourhood of Drumdiff. 



^ Two sons. — The clause within 
brackets is interlined in original hand 
in A. It is not in B. The notice of 
this battle is more briefly given, under 
the year 559, in Clar. 49. 

^ King oj Connaught. — Not repre- 
sented in B. 

' Tirmcharna. — Not in B. 

' Temnan. — 'Tenusan,' in the Four 
Mast, Chron. Scot., and other autho- 
rities. These particulars are not in B. 

^Druids' erbe. — e|ibe ti'Oiatia'D — 
The meaning of this ' Druids' erbe,' 
some kind of charmed invention, or 
obstacle, has not been yet explained. 



58 



CCMNCClCC tllCCt)1l. 



jet. lanaip. (2):., I. 21.) CCnno ■DOimini ccccc" Lx."!!." 
bellum TTlona -oaiixe locaija poia Cpuicniu p.e n-uib 
Weill in vna\yce'\'[i-c- baecan mac Cinn co n-vih Ciiuiu- 
iiil5 no-opic ppi Ciuircniu. ^enuf 6050111 7 CoiiaiU 
mepce-oe coitoucci inna Lee 7 aip-oe Golapsg. 

Sinfic ipaebyia finyic p]x 
1 tnoin nioiii "Oaifie lotaii(i, 
CCtibaia comixoma vo ceyxc, 
Sechv tiig Cixuicne im CCeT) tn-bixec. 

pill]fec "Da mac [tnic] Gfica 
Cummm in checnai ; 
pilif in fii (Xinime|ie 
he felbaib Sennai. 

p1ccll^ cac Cp,tiicne n-uile, 
[Ocuf] ipoiiloif cy^ec Gilne ; 
Piccitx cac n-^abfia Lipe 
Ocuf cac Cuile Dfieimne. 

Oeixcai-p, pallno lafi congail 
[CCf f flap.] itn cbnaiff naucb, 
pops^uf "000111011 CCminiiae 
Ocuf 'Man'DiT) mac "Ouach. 

18 alamT) pepaf alluot), 
^abaifi Oaecain foyi in pluaj. 
po la Oaecan puilc buite ; 
Oeficro a epen puiifii. 



' The account of this battle in Clar. 
49 is as follows: — "The battle of 
Moindoire Lothair upon the Cruhens, 
by the Nells of the North. Baedan 
mac Gin with two of Cruhens fought 
it against the rest of the Cruhens. 
The cattle and booty of the Eolargs 
were given to them of Tirconnell, and 
Tirowen, conductors, for their leading 
as wages." 



''Sharp weapons These four stan- 
zas are written in the lower margin, 
fol. 20ab, in A. They are not in 
B. A note in the top marg., fol. 206 
in A., states that the stanzas above 
printed should be inserted where they 
are here introduced. 

" Seven.— yiL, A. 

* Theij 6ear.— beyvcain, (lit. "are 
borne"), befipaic, Four Mast, at 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



59 



Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 21.) A.D. 562. The battle of 
Moin-daire-lothair luas gained over the Cruithni, by the 
Ui-NeiU of the North. Baetan, son of Cenn, with two 
of the Cruithni, fought against the Cruithni. The Lee 
and Arda-Eolairg were given to the Cinel-Eogain and 
Cinel-Conaill, as a reward.^ 

Sharp weapons^ stretch, men stretch, 

In the great bog of Daire-lothair — 

The cause of a contention for right — 

Seven' Oruithnian Kings, including Aedh Brec. 



[562.] 



The two sons [of Mao] Erca return 
In the same manner. 
The King Ainmire returns 
With the possessions of Setna. 

The battle of all the Cruithni is fought, 
[And] they burn Eilne. 
The battle of Gabhair-Life is fought, 
And the battle of Cul-dreimne. 



They bear* pledges after valour, 
[Thence westwards] about . . . 
Ferggus, Domnall, Ainmire, 
And Nandidh, son of Duach. 



Splendidly^ he bears his course — 
Baetan's steed — upon the host. 
Pleasing to Baetan of the yellow hair. 
'Twill bear his burden upon it. 



A.D. 657. bejifaic, CAron. (Jcot, at 
A.D. 563. 

» Splendidly. — This stanza is writ- 
tea on the top margin of fol. 206, in 
A. It is not in B. Although printed 
bv O'Donoran in connexion with the 



battle of Cul-dreimne, Four Mast, 
at 555, it seems to belong to the poem 
of which the foregoing is a fragment, 
relating to the battle of Moin-daire- 
lothair, in which the name of Baetan 
occurs. 



60 



CCMIKCLCC llLCCT)1l. 



CCeDan mac piaciiac moiiictip. Ilainscrcio Coltiim CiUe 
av infolam 1ae, anno ezaz^Y fiie xl.° 11." lusulacio 
Colmain moiii mic "Oiaiimo'Da. 

let. lanaip- (3 p.. "L' 2.) CCnno -Domini ccccc" Ix." 111." 
Uencuf masniif -pacrur epc. ITlopf lan^e "Oaiminir. 
tlel hoc onno bi-ienamD punT)ainc ecclefiam cluana 
l^eiTCa. 

let. lanaiit. (5 p., I. 13.) CCnno "Domini ccccc" ix.° 
1111." Occiffio T)iaiimaco mic Cepbtiill .1. la hCCexi 
n-TDiiB mac 8uit5ne, cui puccefpeiatnTC'Dtio pilii mic Gpce, 
Pepstip 7 TDomnall. Cfuiep bpenTjain bijaofi uc alii 
-Dicunc. bellum ^abpae tiphi 7 mopp "Oaimin x)aim- 
aipsic. 

let. Ian ai p. (6 p., 1.24.) CCnno -Domini ccccc" lx°. 
u.° bellum ^abpaelipi. 'Pep55tip7T)omnaUinccopep 
epanc. ITlopp quoqtie 'Oomnaill pi In 1TluipchepT;ai5 
mic Gapca, ctii pucceppiu CCmmipe mac Seem. Itipc- 
intip mmop annip .xi. uc beDa -oicic pegnatirc. 

let. lanaip. (7 p.) CCnno -Domini ccccc" Ix." tii.° 
lohannep norione pomantip pcDic annip .xii. menpibup 
.XI. Diebup .XXU1., ez in bapilica beaT;i pecpi apoi-roli 
peptilrup epc. ICechT: in lap-ooman. 

let. lanaip. (1. p., I. 16.) CCnno -oomini ccccc." lx.° 
iiii." ipect; in laptioman la Colman m-bec mac n-T)iap- 
maT:o 7 Conall mac Comgaill. 



^ Ighind 0/ la lona. B. has 

merely "oe liibeifima, ami does not 
refer to the age of Colum Cille at the 
time of leaving Ireland. 

^ Laisre. — There were three famous 
saints of this name, who generally 
appear in Irish hagiology, with the 
devotional prefix Mo (" my "), in the 
form Molcdsi, namely, Molaisi, son of 
Cairill, ahbot of Leithglinn ; Molaisi, 
son of Declan, abbot of Inishmnrray, 
andMolaisi, son of Nadfraech, abbot of 
Daimhinis, the one in question. He 
founded the church of Daimh-inis, 



' Bovis insula,' in Loch-Erne, now 
called Devenish, near Enniskillen. The 
death of Molasse (above called Laisre) 
is entered again at the year 570. 

' Chiain-ferta. — Omitted from the 
entry in B. The foundation of the 
church of Cluain-ferta (or Clonf ert,co. 
Galway), by St. Brendan, is entered 
before under the year 557. 

* DiaiTaait MacCerbhai/l. — Pro- 
perly, Diarmait son of Fergus Cerb. 
haill (or Cerbheoil). In the Ann. 
Four Masters, the Chron, Scotorum 
and other Chronicles, it is stated that 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



61 



Aedan, son of Fiachra, dies. Voyage of Coluin-Cille to 
the Island of Ia\ in the 42nd year of his age. The 
slaying of Colman the Great, son of Diarinait. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 2.) a.d. 563. A great storm 
occurred. The death of Laisre" of Daimhiuis. Or, in 
this year, Brenaind founded the church of Cluain-ferta.° 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs,, m. 13.) A.D. 564. The murder of 
Diarmait MacCerbhaill," i.e., by Aedh Dubh' son of 
Suibhne, to whom succeeded the two sons of Mac Erca, 
Fergus and Domnall. The repose of Brendan of Birr, as 
others say. The battle of Gabair-Liphe ; and the death 
of Daimin Daimairgit. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid.) A.D. 565. The battle of Gabair- 
Liphe. Fergus and Domnall were victors. Also the 
death of Domnall, son Muirchertach Mac Erca, to 
whom succeeded Ainmire son of Setna. Justin the 
younger reigned, as Bede says, eleven years. 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd.) A.D. 566. John, a Eoman by 
birth, sat twelve years, eleven months, and twenty-six 
days, and was buried in the church of St. Peter" the 
apostle. An expedition into lardoman.'' 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 16.) A.D. 567. An expedition 
into lardoman," by Colman Bee, son of Diarmait, and 
ConaU son of Comgall. 



[563.] 



[564.] 



[565.] 



[566.] 



[567.] 



King Diarmait's head was buried in 
Clonmacnois, and liis body in Connor. 
^Aedh i)«i/*.— " Black Hugh." 
He was King of Dalaradia, whose 
father Suibhne Araidhe had been put 
to death by King Diarmait, and he 
had in early life been taken in fosterage 
by Diarmait. But Diarmait having 
been warned against Aedh, the latter 
•was banished into Alba (Scotland), 
whence he returned to perpetrate the 
deed recorded in the above entry. 
Aedh afterwards fled back to Scotland, 
and took the clerical habit in one of 
the Columbau Monasteries. But he 



returned to Ireland, and became King 
of Ulad in 581 ; and was himself slain 
in 587. Adamnan gives a very bad 
account of him. See Keeves's Eccl. 
Antiqq., p. 279. 

Teter. — peicp,!, A. 

"^ An expedition into Tardoman. — 
This entry is not in B. See the next 
entry. 

' lardoman " The Western re- 
gion." In the Ann. Four Mast., at 
A.D. 5^5, it is stated that Colman 
Beg, son of Fergus, son of Diarmait, 
and ConaU son of Comgall, King of 
Dal-Kiada, brought a sea fleet 



G2 



aMMccla iilccT)1i. 



let. lanaip. (3 p, I. 27.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." Ix." 
urn." Occirno CCinmiriec mic Secna la ■pepsu)- mac 
■Neilleni. 
Foi. 20M. "jet. 1anaii\. (4 ^., I. 9.) CCnno -Domini ccccc" la;.° 
ix.° lu^ulacio ■pepjufa mic Nelleni. Oena, abb 
cloana mic Moif, 7 Icae cUiana cpeTDail, 7)0)fimie)aunc. 
^illaf obiiT:. CCexian .h. paqiac obiic 

]ct. 1anai|i. (5 p., I. 20.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." lxx.° 
CC moiice pacfiicii c. anm. Uel hoc anno quiep 
THolaffe 'Daimmnfe. 
•t>- let. lanaip. (6 ip., 1. 1.) CCnno •Domini ccccc." lxx.° 1.° 

Occifio va aeu ITIuijie-oai^.i.boecdn mac imuiiaceiiT;ai5, 
7 echaiT) macT)oninaill -i. mic ITluipceiaraismic Gfica, 
ze\i7:\o anno t^egni fuu Cponan mac rigepnai^ f■^ 
Ciannachcae jleanna geimin occifoyi eoyium eiiau. 
Tnoenii epfcop cluana pep-ca bpenain-o quieuiT;. TTloiif 
"Oemain mic CaipiU. tlel hoc anno occiffio T>iai[imo'Da 
mic Ceapbtiill. In hoc anno capca epc in muipgeilc. 
Cfuiep bhpenumn bippa uv alii tiicunT:. 



(nnuiacoljlacti) to Sol and He, and 
carried away spoils therefrom. Here 
■we have the Sol and Tie of the Four 
Mast, corresponding to the lardoman 
of these Annals. In the Book of 
Leinster (p. 24W the expedition to 
lardomon is stated to have been 
1 p6il 7 in ill (" to Sol and He "), 
agreeing with the Four Masters. 
The latter is Islay; and the former 
is either Sell or Colonsay — not Coll, 
which is too far off, although 
O'Dcnovan thought so (note ad an. 
565, F. M.). Islay was at this time 
in the possession of the Scots, as 
appears from Adamnan's life of St. 
Columba (ii. 23), having been occupied 
by Muiredach, son of Acngus, who 
was first cousin of Conall's grand- 
father Domangart. Conall's territory 
lay in Cowall, and this expedition 
was probably against the rival house 



of Gabhran. But it is strange that 
Colman Beg, whose territory lay very 
near the centre of Ireland, was ad- 
venturous enough to engage in mari- 
time warfare. 

^ Ainmire. — Called " Ainmorius 
filius Setni " by Adamnan. Vit. 
Colunib. i., 7. See again under a.d, 
575. 

^Fergus. — Slain in the following 
year by Aedh son of Ainmire, in 
revenge of his father. 

^ Fergus. — The Four Mast, saj' 
(568) that Fergus was slain by Aedh, 
son of Ainmire, in revenge of his father. 
The entry is repeated under 57C. 

* Ita of Cluain-credail.— Sue note 
on Cuilen, under 551, supra. The 
death of St. Ita is repeated under the 
year 576, where the repose of Oena of 
Cluain-mic-Nois, and of Gildas, is 
also repeated. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



63 



Kal. Jan. (T^iesd., m. 27.) A.D. 568. Murder of Ain- [568.] 



mire/ son of Setna, by Fergus- son of Nellen. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 9.) A.D. 569. The slaying of 
Fergus' son of Nellen. Oena, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, 
and Ita of Cluain-credail/ fell asleep. Gildas died. 
Aedhan Da Fiachrach" died. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 20.) A.D. 570. From the 
death of Patrick one hundred years." Or, in this year, 
the repose of Molasse of Daiminis.' 

Kal. Janair. (Frid., m. 1.) A.D. 571. The assassina- 
tion of two grandsons of Muiredach, viz. : — Baetd,n son 
of Muirchertach, and Eochaid son of Domnall {i.e., son of 
Muirchertach Mac Erca) in the third year of their reign. 
Cronan, son of Tigernach, King of Cianachta of Glenn- 
geimin, was their slayer. Moenu, bishop of Cluain-ferta- 
Brenaind, rested. The death of Deman son of Cairill. 
Or, in this year, the killing of Diarmait Mac Cerbhaill. In 
this year the ' muirgeilt'" was captured. The repose of 
Brendan" of Birr, as others say. 



' Aedhan Va FiachracJi This may 

be the Aedan ' son ' of Fiachra, whose 
obit is given above at the j-ear 562. 

' One hundred years. — The entry 
at 552 would refer the death of St. 
Patrick to the year 492, but this to 
470. Tigernach indicates 571 as a 
hundred yeara after thatevent. Again, 
in these Annals, the year 663 (and in 
Tigernach 664) is set down as 203 
years from the death of St. Patrick. 
See at the years 999, 1013, infra. 
According to these computations 471 
is the latest date. The death of Sen 
Patnch is entered above imder the 
year 461, which partly explains the 
confusion of dates. 

' Molasse of Daiminis Called 

'" Laisre," under a.d. 563, where see 
note. 

^ Muirgeilt "Sea Wanderer." 

Sometimea called Murgein, " sea- 



born," and lihan, '' sea-woman." The 
entry is fuller in Tigernach. " In this 
year was caught the Muirgelt on the 
shore of OUarba, in the net of Beoan, 
son of Innii, fisherman of Comgall of 
Bangor ;" to which the Four Mast, add 
" that is, Liban, daughter of Eochaid, 
son of Mairid." The legend concerning 
her (see Lebor na h Uidre, p. 39, sq.) 
is, that she was daughter of Eochaid, 
King of the tract now covered by 
Lough Neagh, who was drowned by 
its eruption about the time of the 
Christian Era ; that she was changed 
into a salmon, and traversed the sea 
until she allowed herself to be cap- 
tured on this occasion. Under the 
names Muirgen and Liban, she appears 
mentioned in the Calendar at Jan. 27, 
and Dec. 18. 

' Brendan. — See under a.d. 564. 
The death of St. Brendan, of Birr, is 



[569.] 



[570.] 



[571.] 



U4 



ccNNcclco tiLcroli. 



.h. 



]ct. lanaifi. (1. p., I. 12.) CCnno "DOtnini ccccc Iccos." 
11.° bellum peitTiin in quo uicruf efc Colman moT)icuf 
pliuf "Oiaptnaco, ev ipfe euayw. Uel hie bellum 
^abjiae bpi -pop. laigniu. Uel hoe anno bap 'Doin- 
naill mic TDuipcheapcaij tnic Gapea, cui pucceppic 
CCinmipe mac Secnai. tlel pic bellum cola 7 pop- 
cola .1. nomen campopum ecip Gile 7 Oppaige, 7 
ecip CLuam pepca TTlolua 7 Saigep. piacpa mac 
Oaeuain uiccop epac. 

|Ct. lanaip. (2 p., I. 23°.) CCnno "Domini eccec." Ixx." 
111.° bellum cola 7 popcola in pegionibup Cpuicne. 
TTlopp Conaill mic Comgaill anno pegni .xui. pui, 
qui obculic inpolam lae Columbe cille. 

[Ct. lanaip. (3 p., I. 4.) CCnno "Domini ccccc." laxc.° 
1111.° TTlagna conuencio "Opoma ceaca m qua epanc 
Colum cille ocup CCexi mac CCmmipec. 

]ct. lanaip. (4 p., I. 15.) CCnno ■oomini ccccc" ixx." u." 



recorded in Tlgernach under the year 
573, which is probablj' the true date, 
although the Mart. Donerjal and the 
Four Mast, have his obit under A.D. 
571. 

'Femhin. — Commonly called Magh- 
Feimhin, a plain comprised in the 
barony of Iffa and Offa, East, county 
Tipperary. The Annals of Inis- 
fallen, which have the entry of this 
battle under 565, state that Colman 
Bee was slain therein by the men of 
Munster. But Ticjernach{p.thlS) and 
the Four Masters (at 571) agree with 
this chronicle in recording the escape 
of Colman Bee, whose death is men- 
tioned, infra, at A.D. 686, and again 
at 592. 

^ Gahalr-Liphe. — ' Gabair of the 
Liffey.' The situation of this place 
has not yet been fixed ; but Father 
Shearman, a very good authority, 



states that it was the name of a dis- 
trict comprising " the hilly country 
bounded by the Dublin Mountains 
on the north ; on the east by the 
River Liffey, from its source in 
Kippure to Ballj'more-Eustace ;" its 
western boundary including " the 
hills from Tipperkevin, by Rathmore, 
to Athgoe, towards Tallaght, and the 
hill of Lyons." Loca Patrkiana, 
p. 28, note ". 

' Tola and Fortola. — This entry is 
in the margin in B , and also in A. 
(in which it is partly obliterated). 
The Four Masters (at 571) have but 
the name of Tola, which O'Donovan 
{Loc. cit., note i,) identifies with 
TuUa, in the parish of Kinnitty, 
barony of Ballybritt, King's County, 

' Ele and Ossory — Ele, called from 
its occupants Ele-O'CarroU, comprised 
the present baronies of Ballybritt and 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



G5 



Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 12.) a.d. 572. The battle of 
emhin,^ in which Colmaa Bee, sou of Diarmait, was 
anquished ; but he escaped. Or, in this year, the battle 
f" Gabair-Liphe- over the Leinstermen. Or, in this year, 
le death of Domnall, son of Muirchertach Mac Erca, 
) whom succeeded Ainmire, son of Setna. Or thus, the 
ittle of Tola and Fortola," viz., the names of plains 
stween Ele and Ossory,^ and between Cluain-ferta-Molua 
id Saighir.'^ Fiachra, son of Baetan," was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 23.) A.D. 573. The battle of 
ola and Fortola, in the territory of the Cruithne.'' The 
3ath of Conall, son of Gomgall,'* in the 16th year of his 
sign, who granted the island of la to Colum-Cille. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 4.) a.d. 574. The great Con- 
mtion of Druim-Ceta," at which were Colum-Cille, and 
edh son of Ainmire. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 15.) A.D. 575. A spark of leprosy,^" 



[572.] 



[573.] 



[574.] 



[575.] 



onlislc, in the south of the King's 
lunty; from which the territory of 
isory, now part!}' represented by 
e baronies of Upperwoods and Clan- 
nagh, in the Queen's Count}-, is 
rided by the Slieve-Bloom Motm- 
[ns. 

^ Cluain-ferta-Molua and Saighir. 
The former, commonly called Clon- 
tmuHoe, is now known as Kyle, a 
rish in the barony of Clandonagh, 
leen's Countj-. Saighir, or Seir- 
iran, is a parish in the barony of 
lUybritt, King's County. 
^Fiachra, son of Baetan. — Other- 
se called Fiachra Lurgan, after- 
rds King of Ulidia. His death is 
orded under the year 025, infra, 
lere the name is Fiachna. 
' The Cruithne. — The Picts. In the 
;ry of the battle of Tola and For- 
a under tlie preceding year (572) 
! site, of the battle is fixed in the 



south of the present King's County, 
which was hardly Pictish territory ; 
though Fiachra, son of Baetan, the 
A'ictor, was an Ulster chieftain. 

' Conall, son of Comgall. — See under 
A.D. 667, supra, where Conall is men- 
tioned as leagued with Colman Bee, 
son of Diarmait, in a maritime expe- 
dition. 

^ Great Convention of Druim-Ceta 

magna concio, for TTl. connencio, 
A., B., and Clar. 49. The word 
niopxiaiU ' great assembly,' is added 
as a gloss over coiicio in B., and in 
the margin in A. On the date and 
place of this famous Convention, see 
Reeves's Adamnan, page 37, note h. 

^"Leprosy — This entry is misplaced 
in the MSS., being introduced into 
the middle of the record of the battle 
of Tcloch, which should probably 
follow it, as in the printed text in the 
next page ((36). 



66 



(XMMalcc ularoti. 



Fol. 21a 



Scmcilla leprae ez habunxiancia riucum inau- 
X)it;a. bellum "Celocho i ciunn T;ii\e, in quo cecit)ir; 
"Dunccrc mac Conaill rrnc Comgaill ec aln mulci ne 
fociiip piliopum 5at>i"iain ceciTieifiUTic. TDoi^f OperiTjain 
tnic bjaiuin. Uel hic occiffio CCinmiiaec mic fecna, -De 
quo ■Dicmm efc: — 

Pemen an can fxobui \n, 

Mifi bo mennoc nac T)eT;lai ; 

Intiu if fOfit)efi5 a h 

La bCCmmifie mac Secnai. 
|Ct. lanaifi. (6 p., I. 26.) CCnno ■Domini ccccc." lxx.° 
UL" OelUim 'Celoco. Imcium iT,e5ni 'Cibe]fiii Confrrancini 
qui fiejnauic annif -un. Cfuiep bfienT)ain Clona pefica. 
1u5ula7;io CCe'oa mic Gchacr^ifiimcaifina (aliap "Cimpim, 
mic pepjufa mic TTluiiae'Daig maeil mic eogan ffieiB 
mic -Duac sa^aiB "I'c bjiiain mic eat;hac muigme'Soin) 
la bui bpiuin. Pfiimum peyiiculum ULoch in Supania. 
tlel hic lugulorio pep^Ufa mic 'MeiUine, 7 Oena abb 
cluana mic Klorp, 7 Icae Cluana cpexiail, 7 ^lUaf. 

fct. lanaip. (7 p., I. 7.) CCnno T)omini ccccc." locx." 
uii.° Cfuief epfcuip Bicchen Cluana poca boecan 
Reueppi oil loch TDe ©umania. peixulmixi pinn abb CCp-o 
maca quieuic. 

fct. lanaip. (1 p., l- 18.) CCnno •oomini ccccc." Iccoc." 



'O/Teloch — "Deloco, A. ; celoco, 
B. Cena-tire, in which Teloch was 
situated, and which signifies ' Head of 
the region,' was the territory of the 
Cinel-Gabrain. 

^Brendan, son of Brian. — Chief of 
Teffia. He was brother of Cremthann, 
mentioned at the year 552, and father 
of Aedh, whose death is recorded at 
688. 

^ Femen. — See under the year 572. 
This ,rann, which is T.'ritten in al, 
man. in A., and in original hand in B., 
seems taken from a poem in praise of 
some king of Monster, after whose 
death Magh-Femhln was wasted by 



Ainmire, son of Setna. The death of 
Ainmire is recorded above under 568. 

* Teloch — "Deloco (gen. of 'De- 
loch), A. See under 575. 

' Brendan. — He died, according to 
his Acts and the Four Masters, on the 
16th of May, in the 94th year of his 
age, at Enach-duin, in the nunnery 
of his sister Briga, and was buried at 
Clonfert. Enach-duin, now Anna- 
down, county Galway, had been 
granted to him by the King of Con- 
naught ; and it is probable that the 
nunnery there was founded by him, 
and placed under bis sister's super- 
intendence. See under the jeaj §83 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



67 



an uuheard of abundance of nuts. The battle of 
)ch/ in Cenn-tire, in which fell Duncath, son of Conall, 
of Comgall, and many others of the allies of the sons 
jrabran. The death of Brendan, son of Brian.^ Or, 
his year, the killing of Ainmire, son of Setna, of whom 
said : — 

Femen,^ when there was a King, 

"Was not a place without valour. 

To-day, crimson is its aspect 

By Ainmire, son of Setna. 
:al. Jan. (Frid., m. 26.) A.D. 576. The battle of [576.] 
)ch.* The beginning of the reign of Tiberius 
stantinus, who reigned seven years. The repose of 
adan,'' of Cluain-ferta. Murder of Aedh, son of Eocha 
ncarna (alias" Timrim, son of Fergus, son of Muiredach 
;1, son of Eoghan Srebh, son of Duach Galach, son of 
%n, son of Eocha Muighmedhoin), bytheUi-Briuin. The 
J adventure of the Ulidians in Eufania.'' Or, in this 
r, the murder of Fergus, son of Nellin,^ and [the repose 
Oena, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, and of Ita,' of Cluain- 
iail, and of Gildas.^ 

Lai. Jan. (Sat., m. 7.) a.d. 577. The re.'-t of Bishop [577.] 
hen,^" of Cluain-fota-Baetain." The return of the 
dians from Eumania.^' Feidilmidh Finn, abbot of 
nagh, rested. 
Cal. Jan. (Sund., m. 18.) A.D. 578. The repose of [578.] 



I, where the entry of St. Brendan's 

li is repeated. 

lias. — The clause within brackets, 

h is not in B., is interlined in A. 

very old hand. 

Eufania. — Under next year the 

e is -written 'Eumania.' Tiger- 

. has ' Eamania.' 

Fergus, son of Nellin See nnder 

569. 

Ua, Gildas. — The obits of these 

persons are not in B. under this 



year ; but they occur therein, as in 
A., at 569. 

^^ Bishop Etchen. — He is best itnown 
as the bishop at whose hands St. 
Columba received holy orders. See 
the curious legend concerning him in 
Colgan's AA. SS., p. 306, b., n. 17, 
and the Introduction to the Obits of 
Christ Church, p. liv. See under 583. 

" Cluain-fota-Baetain. — Clonfad, 
par. of Killucan, county Westmeath. 

'^ Eumania. — See note '. 

f2 



68 



ccMiicda ulccoli. 



uiii.° Cfmef tlmniam epifcopi, mac nepocif pacac. 
beneT)iccur nacione riomanuf feviv annif .1111. menfe 
.1. ■oiebtif a\x. ix., fepuluuf eye 111 basilica beaci pecjii 
apofcoli. Occifio CCexia mic ^eno, ec mopf bpti-oisi 
pej^if nepot;iim pailgi. 
•t>' let. lanaip. (2 p., I. 29.) CCnno •DoiTiini ccccc" kcx." 
ix.° belUim -oponia mic Gpce, ubi C0I55U |:iliup 
■DomncdU pibi muipcepcaig mic imuipeax>ai5 mic 
eogaiii ceci-Dic. CCe-D mac CCinmipec uiccop eccpcecic. 
■pecliT; Ope la h-CCeT)an mac ^abpain. Cennalac pex 
piccoptim mopirup. 

]cl. lanaip. 4 p., I. .) CCnno -Domim ccccc" Ixxx." 
Uel hic belUim T)poma mic Qpcaae- TTlopp baet;ain 
mic CaipilL pechc Ope 

let. lanaip. (5 p.) CCnno Tiomini ccccc.°lccxx.''i.° bellum 
manonn in cfuo uiccop epat; CCe-oan mac ^abpain mic 
"Oomansaipo. TTlopp pepgna mic Caibleine. 

let. lanaip. (6 p., I. 2.) CCnno TDomini ccccc." Ixacx." 
Foi. 2iaJ. 11.0 iTiopp pepa-baig mic "Diiac pegip Oppai^i. pela- 
pup nocione pomanup peT)ic annip .x- menpibup .11. 
■Diebup .X. bellum manant) ppi CCexian. TTlopp pepgna 
mic Caibleine. Uel hoc anno quiep bhpenamn cluana 
pepca pecunDUm aliop. 



^ Viuiiian. — Erroneously printed 
Umaniain by O'Conor. This was St. 
Finnian, of Magli-bile, or Movilla, tlie 
patron saint of the Ulidians. 

'Aedh, son of Geno. —This entry is 
not found in any of the other Annals. 
At 587, ijifra, the entry 'Mors nepo- 
tum Geno ' occurs. 

^ Brudlr/. — In the list of liings of 
Ui-Failgi, or Offaly, contained in the 
Book oj Leinster (p. 40, col. 3,) the 
name of a ' Bruidgin, son of Cathair,' 
occurs immediately before that of 
Aedh Roin, whose death is entered 
within at the year 603. And in the 



Pedigree of the Ui-Failgi, in tlie same 
authority (p. 314, col. 2), a Bruidgi is 
set down as fourth in descent from 
Kos Failgi, the ancestor of the Ui- 
Failgi. 

* JJruim-mic-JErca. — This place has 
not been identified. Coign's father, 
Muirchertach, bore the matronymic 
of Mac-Krca, and from him this place 
may perhaps have derived its name. 
See under 580 and 585. 

^ Or,in this year llet liic, in B. 

only. 

° Saetaii, son of Cairell. — Entered 
again at 586, with a ' vel hie' 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



69 



nnian/ the bishop, son of Ua Fiatach. Benedict, a 
)man by birth, sat four years, one month, twenty-nine 
ys ; and was buried in the church of Saint Peter the 
Dostle. The killing of Aedh, son of Geno," and the 
ath of Brudig,3 King of the Ui-Failgi. 
Kal. Jan. (Mend., m. 29.) a.d. 579. The battle of 
ruim-mic-Erca,^ in which fell Colgu, son of Domnall, son 
Muirchertach, son of Muiredhach, son of Eogan. Aedh, 
n of Ainmire, remained victor. An expedition to the 
rkneys by Aedhan, son of Gabran. Cennalath, King of 
e Picts, dies. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. .) A.D. 580. Or, in this year,' 
e battle of Druim-mic-Erca. The death of Baetan, son 
Cairill." The expedition to the Orkneys.' 
KaL Jan. (Thitrsd.) A.D. 581. The battle of Manonn,^ 
■which Aedhan, son of Gabran, son of Domangarfc," was 
ctor. The death of Fergna, son of Caiblein. 
Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 2.) A.D. 582. The death of 
3radach, son of Duach, King of Ossory. Pelagius, a 
Oman by birth, sat ten years, two months, and ten 
lys. The battle of Manand against^" Aedhan. The 
sath of Fergna," son of Caiblein. Or, in this year, the 
pose of Brenaind, of Cluain-ferta, according to others.'- 



[579.] 



[580.] 



[581.] 



[582.] 



' Orkneys. — This is, of course, a 
)etition of the entry under the year 
9. The Orkneys are also noticed 
the years 681 and 1013, infra. 
' Battle of Manonn. — Dean Keeves 
inks that this was the name of 
;he debateable ground on the con- 
es of the Scots, Picts, Britons, and 
xons, now represented in part by 
J parish of Slamannan (_SHabh 
mann, 'Moor of Manann'), on 
5 south-east of Stu-lingshire, 
lere it and the counties of 
irabarton, Lanarls:, and Linlithgow 
let." Adamnan, p. 371, n. d. 



O'Donovau was surely wrong in 
thinking Manann the Isle of Mau. 
(Frag, of Annals, 581.) 

^ Son of Doviangart. — In A. only. 

^"Against. — -pj^i, A., probably a 
mistake for -jii, *'by'' (i.e., "won 
by ") ; in which case the entry would 
seem a repetition of that under 581. 
Not in B. Clar. 49 has ' per.' 

" Fergna. — A repetition of the entry 
at 581. 

^''According to others. — jpecuiTDum 
alioip, in B. only. The death of St. 
Brendan is entered above at the year 
576. 



70 



ccNNcc/a tilat)1i. 



.1). ]ct. Icmmii. (7v\l-13.) CCnno -Domim ccccc" Ltxx.° 

111." Cfinet^ ■peiisufipo epi^copi *Ouna le^slaife qui 
T:unT)auiu Cill biein. ITIauiiiciur annif .xxi. laesnauic 
nv beT)a ez IfioDormv "oicunr. tTloiar bpun)e mic 
TDaelcon fie^if picroiitim, ec moiir pefia'oais mic 
"Dime p-egif Oriiige. tiel hoc anno cfinef Gicchen. 

]ct. lanaip. ( 2 p., I. 24.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." lcrax.°iiii.° 
(almf 85.) Cfuiep mic Ihyye abb cluana mic u Woif.-xuii." 
anno, moiif CCe-ba [mic] Stnbne, p-egif moenmai^i. 

let. lanaip. (3 p, I. 5.) CCnno -Domini ccccc" Iccxx." 
vi.° Occipo baecain mic 1]innex)0 piln "Dtiac (aliap 
mic 'Pei"i5U)xc ceannva-oa) piln Conaill gulban iiegip 
■Cemjio, cfui iino anno iiesnatnc. Cummaene mac 
Colmain big mic T)iai"imaoa, 7 Cummaene mac ub^aaen 
pilii lUannon mic Ceiibaill occi'oeiiuni; eum confilio 
Colmam .1. oc leim \nv eic. llel hoc anno cac "Dpoma 
mic e-pce. 

let. lanaip. (4 p., I. 16.) CCnno T)omini ccccc" Ixxcc." 
ui.° bettum "Oaece in quo ceciT)io Colman bee mac 



' Of Dun-Utliglaise. — The name was 
originally written (in the ejenit. form) 
T)tna tecj;laiY'e(of Druim-lethglaise) 
in A., as in B., but a rude attempt 
has been made in the former MS. to 
alter Tjifioma (-DiTia) to "Duiia, to 
make the name "Dun lecglaire 
(Dun-lethglaise), the usual form. See 
Keeves's Eccl. Antig., pp. 41, 144, 
224. At the year 589 infra, how- 
ever, the name of the place is as 
originally written in the present entry. 
2 Bruide, son of Maelcon. — Tiger- 
nach, too, has the obit of Bruide at 
583. But, by a strange prolepsis, 
the death of Bruide is entered above 
at 504, and in Tigernach at 505. 
For the viors of Bruide at 504, in his 
edition of the Ann. Ult., Dr. O'Conor 
proposes nativitas, an emendation 
which, as Dean Keeves observes 



(Adamnan, 148, note f), "harmonises 
verj^ well with the true date of his 
death, as it allows a period of 78 
years for the term of his life, but is 
open to the objection that in both 
authorities the ' Battle of Manann by 
Aedhan,' is entered under the preced- 
ing year (503), although Aedhan was 
not yet born, and the true date of 
that battle is 582 : which creates a 
suspicion that these entries were 
taken from an earlier record whose 
chronological system was different, or 
that they were displaced through 
carelessness in the scribe." 

^ Feradach. — The death of Fera- 
dach is also recorded under the pre- 
ceding year. The Four Mast, at 582, 
and Tiffernach at 583, state that he 
was slain by his own people. 

* Bishop Ftchen See under 577, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER-. 



71 



Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 13.) a.d. .583. The repose of 
Tergus, bishop of Dun-lethglaise/ who founded Cill-Bien. 
kTauricius reigned twenty-one years, as Bede and Isidore 
tate. The death of Bruide, son of Maelcon/ King of 
he Picts ; and the death of Feradach,' son of Duach, 
Ling of the Osraighe. Or, in this year, the repose of 
iltchen.* 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 24.) a.d. 584 (alias 85). The 
epose of Mac Nisse, abbot of Cluain-mic-u-Nois, in the 
.7th year.' Death of Aedh [son of] Suibhne, King of 
Hoenmagh. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 5.) a.d. 585. The assassina- 
ion of Baetan, son of Ninnidh, son of Duach (alias, son 
f Fergus Cennfada"), son of Conall Gulban, King of 
?ara, who reigned one year. Cummaene, son of Colman 
?ec, son of Diarmait, and Cummaene, son of Libraen, son 
if lUannan, son of CerbhaU, killed him, at the instance 
if Colman— namely, at Leim-ind-eich. Or, in this yeai-, 
he battle of Druim-mic-Erce.' 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 16.) A.D. 586. The battle of 
)aethe,® in which fell Colman Bee, son of Diarmait ; 



[583.] 



'here the death of this prelate is 
itered also. 

^ The nth year, i.e., of Mac 
fisse's ahbaey. — The death of his 
redeceseor, Oenu, is entered above 
nder the year 569, and again at 576. 
[ac Nisse's death is entered also 
nder 590 infra. 

° Fergus Cennfada The orig. of 

lis clause is interlined in an old hand 

A., and in the orig. hand in B. 
he death of Baetan is given by the 
our Masters at the year 567; but 
igeniach has it at 586, agreeing 
ith these Annals. Fergus Cennfadda 
as otherwise called Duach. See 
jeves's Adamnan, Geneal. Table at 
342. 
' Battle of Druim-mic-Erce. — This 



battle is also referred to at the j'ears 
579 and 580. 

' Battle of Daethe The name of 

this place is written -oaece in A. and 
B., although O'Conor prints Dro- 
maethe. O'Donovan, under an extra- 
ordinary misconception, states (^Ann. 
Four Mast., ad., 572, note) that 
Cod. Clar. 49 has 'Bellum Droma- 
Ethe,' whereas it really reads 'Bellum 
Doothe.' See under 592, infra. The 
record of this battle under this year, 
in A., B., and Clar. 49, is somewhat 
confused, the notice of the death of 
Daigh, son of Cairill, being intro- 
duced into the middle of it. The 
Editor has taken the liberty of putting 
it in its proper place in the text. 



[584.] 



[585.] 



[586.] 



72 



ccMNalcc tila-DTi. 



■Diavimaco. CCexi mac CCinmiiiec tncTOia e|\at;; 7111 quo 
ceci'oic tibpaen mac IllantTDon mic CeapBaiU. T)ai§ 
mac CaiiiiU obnc. Mel hie mopf baecatn mic CaiifiiU 
|ii§ Ula-D. 
■t»- let. 1ana1l^. (5 p., I. 27.) (Xnno T)omiiii ccccc.° laxxx." 

im.° Cfuicf Caii\laen eprcoip OCia-D maca. Cfmef 
SeiKdc epfcoip Cliiana liaaiiix*. tTlorir nepocum ^eno. 
Conueyifio Conpcanrim a-o "Oominum, 7 nioc magna, 7 
nisulacio CCe-oa nisfii mic SuiBni, 1 luing. 

jet. lanaifi. (7" p., I. 9.) CCnno T)omini ccccc" 

Foi. 2Ua. Ixxx." 11111.° Cftiief cfpuic CCcxia pilii bpicc. CCe-D 

mac bjieiToain pex "oecba mopT;titip epu, (.1. ape pio 

e-Dbaiji T)epiTiai5 -oo colum ciUe.) eoT)emqtie cempoiie 

aepcap coiipiTja ec picca conajic. 

]ct. lanaip. (1 p., I. 20.) CCnno TDomini 00000." 
Ixxx." ix.° trioiip peiTJelmcie mic Tisepnaij liejip 
muman. Oellum Lei^peixi la CCexian mac 5«bl^c(in- 
bellum niaigi occaip y.e mb^aannub mac ediach 
pop uti Weill. Uel hoc anno cftiiep pep^upa epip- 
copi T)poma leacglaipe qui pun-oauic Cill m-biain. 

let. lanaip. (2 p., I. 1.) CCnno X)omini cococ." xc." 



' Baetan. — See iiinler 580. 

^ Carlaen. — Amarg.note in A. gives 
his name as " Ciarlaech," and states 
that he was from Crick va NiaUain, 
"the territory of XJi-Niallain,'' now 
Oneilland West, in the county of 
Armagh. His da}' in the Calendar is 
the 2-lth of March. In the list of the 
comarbs of St. Patrick in Ihe BooJc of 
Leinster (p. 42, col. 3), his name is 
written ' Caurlan'; and he is stated 
to have ruled 4 years, and to have 
been from Domnach mic U Garha, 
and of the Ui-Niallain. See Colgan's 
ActaSS.,p. 744. 

^ Grandsons of Oeno — tiepocum 
5eiio. — Clar. 49 has " neyihewes of 
Geno." This Geno is not noticed in 



the other Annals. The assassination 
of his son Aedh is recorded under the 
year 578, siqjra, 

■* Constantme. — lie had been King 
of Cornwall ; hut abandoned the 
tlirone, and became a monk nnder 
St. Carthach (otherwise called Mo- 
chud.a), at Rahin, in the present 
King's county, whence he passed over 
to Scotland, and founded the church 
of Govan on the Clyde. He suffered 
martyrdom in Cantyre, where there 
is a church, Kilchoustand, called after 
his name. His festival, in the Calen- 
dars of both Scotland and Ireland, is 
March]]. See Eeeves's Adamnan, 
p. 371, note e. 

' Jec?A X)kW(. — " Black Hugh." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



73 



[588.] 



Aedh, son of Ainmire, being victor. And in which fell 
Libraen, son of lUannon, son of Cerbhall. Daigh, son of 
Cairill, died. Or, in this year, the death of Baetan,^ son 
of CairiU, King of Uladh. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 27.) A.D. 587. The repose of [537.] 
Carlaen,^ bishop of Armagh. The repose of Senach, 
bishop of Cluain-Iraird. The death of the grandsons of 
Geno.' The conversion of Constantine* to the Lord ; and 
great snow ; and the murder of Aedh Dubh,'^ son of 
Suibhne, in a ship. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 9.) A.D. 588. The repose of 
Bishop Aedh, son of Brecc." Aedh, son of Brendan, King 
of Tethba, died. (It was he that presented Dermhagh' 
to Colum-Cille.) And, in the same time, there was a 
scorching and droughty summer. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 20.) A.D. 589. The death of 
Fedelmith, son of Tigernach, King of Munster. The 
battle of Lethreid was gained by Aedhan, son of Gabran. 
The battle of Magh-ochtair luas gained by Brandubh, son 
of Echa, over the Ui-lSreLll. Or, in this year, the repose 
of Fergus, bishop of Druim-lethglaise," who founded 
Cill-Bian. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 1.) A.D. 590. An eclipse of the [590.] 



[589.] 



Lord of Dalaradia, and afterwards 
King of Ulster. The murder by bijn 
of Dermot MacCerbhaill, King of 
Ireland, is recorded above nnder the 
year 56i. Adamnan gives a bad 
character of him (T'ti. Columiae, 
i. 36). 

"Aedhjson of Brec Better known 

as Aedh Mac Brie. Founder of Kil- 
lare, in Westnieath. Also A-enerated 
at Sliabh Liag (Slieveleague), in the 
Co. Donegal. He was also the 
founder and patron of Rathhugh,near 
Kilbeggan, in the Co. of Westmeath. 
His life has been published by Colgan 



(AA., SS.), at Feb. 28th. See under 
594 infra. 

'' iJermliagli. — Durrow, in the 
barony of Ballj'cowan, King's County. 
Added as a gloss in A. Not in B. 
In the Annals oj the Four Masters^ 
at A.D. 585, Brenainn, the father of 
Aedh, is represented as the person 
who presented Durrow to St. Columba. 
But this is an error. The death of 
Aedh son of Brendan (or Brenann) is 
entered again under 594 infra. 

^ Druim-lethglaise. — See the entry 
under 583, where the name has been 
altered, so as to read Dun-lethglaiae. 



74 



CCNNCClo: UlCTDll. 



"Oipeccio folif .1. mane renebpofum. tiel hic quiep 
TTlic Mii^i abbai'B Cluana inic Noip 
.b. ]ct. lanaiia. (3 p., 1. 12.) CCnno -Domini ccccc" xc." 1.° 

Obicup lusTOe lip nioei^ llaciuiraf Cummeni lonsi. 
TDcrcucina cenebi^opa. Iincuim iiegm CCeva tnic 
OCinmiiaeac. 

]ct. lanaiia. (5 p., I. 23.) CCnno T)omini ccccc" xc.° 
11." ITlopip CCensufa tnic CCmaln5aT)0. ^iiejopiuf 
nar:ione yiomanuf, ex paT:p,e ^ofi-omno, fODiu anni]-' 
•xiii. menfibuf .ui. "oiebiif .x. piiic cempoiie impepa- 
copip TTlaupicn ecpocacip; pecun-oo anno pejni eiup- 
T)em ■poccanp peu 12006 pepulrup epc in bapibca 
beaci peqii apopcoli ance pecpacapium. tiel hoc 
anno car ^ealaij tiai-ce in quo ceciTtir Colman beag 
mac T)iapmoT)a a quo clann Cholmain .i. .il. TDaei- 
leachlainn ev cecepi. CCev mac CCmmipeacb iiiccop epac. 

]cb. lanaip. (6 p., I. 4.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." -xc." 
111." belliim ^eipT;iT)e pi CianachT;ae; oc eu-oonn mop 
po mebaiT). pacna mac baeuam tiiccop epac (.i. 
Pacna mac Oaecain mic Caipill mic TnuipeaTiais 
muinnxjepj.) 

]ct. lanaip. (7 p., I. 15.) CCnno "Domini ccccc." xc.° 
1111." Cfiiiep Coltnm ciUe .u. iT)up uinn, anno aeuacip 



' 3fac Nissi. — See under the year 
584. This entry is added in a coarse 
hand in A. In text, in B. 

"^ Lismore. — This is the Lismore of 
Scotland, whose founder, Molua (or 
Moluag, as the Scotch call him), was 
in after times the patron saint of the 
diocese of Argyle. See Reeves's 
Adamnan, p. 371, note g. 

' Gregortj. — St. Gregory the Great. 
Styled beUir, " of the golden mouth," 
by the Four Mast. (a.d. 590); a 
name given to him by the Irish so 
early as 634 ; for Cummian -iVTites in 
his Paschal Epistle of that year — 
"Ad Gregorii papoe, urbis Eomffi epis- 



copi (a nobis in commune siiscepti, et 
oris aurel appellatione donati) verba 
me converti." (Usshev, Sijllog. xi ; 
Wks. vol. iv., p. 439). Gregory the 
Great was consecrated on Sunday, 
the 3rd of Sept., 590, in the 9th year 
of the Emperor Mauricius. He was 
buried on the 12th of March, 604, in 
the 3rd year of the Emperor Phocas, 
having governed the See of Rome for 
13 years, six months, and ten days. 
Gregory was son of Gordian, a wealthy 
senator, and Sylvia, a lady of rank 
and piety. O'Conoradds "Sed secun- 
dum Bedam, Gregorius quievit xiv. 
anno ab hoc loco infra." {Rer. Hih, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



73 



sun, that is, a dark morning. Or, in this j^ear, the 
repose of Mac Nissi,' abbot of CIuain-mic-Nois. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 12.) A.D, 591. The death of 
Lugaid of Lismore.^ The birth of Cummen the Tall. 
A dark morning. The beginning of the reign of Aedh, 
son of Ainmire. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 23.) A.D. 592. The death of 
Aengus, son of Amalgaid. Gregory,' a Roman by 
birth, son of Gordian, sat 13 years, 6 months, and 10 
days. He was [Pontiff] in the time of the Emperors 
Mauricius and Focas. In the second j^ear of the reign of 
the same Foccas, or Foca, he was buried in the church of 
Saint Peter the Apostle, in front of the sacristy. Or, in 
this year, the battle of Bealach-Dhaithe,* in which fell 
Colman Bee, son of Diarmait, from whom [are descended] 
the Clann-Colmain,^, viz., the Ui-Maelechlainn and 
others. Aedh, son of Ainmire, was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 4.) A.D. 593. A battle [against] 
Geirtide, King of Cianachta.^ At Eudon-mor it was won. 
Fiachna, son of Baetan (i.e., Fiachna,'' son of Baetan, son 
of Cairill, son of Muiredhach Muiuderg),-was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 15.) A.D. 594. The repose of 
Colum-Cille,^ on the 5th of the Ides of June, in the 76th 



[591.] 



[592.] 



[593.] 



[591] 



Script., vol. i, p. 32). But this is 
not in any of the texts. See under 
605 infra, and O'Donovan's note x, 
Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 590. 

' Bealach-Dhaithe. — O'DonOTan 
states (^Four Mast, , 572, note n) that 
the site of this battle was Ballaghanea, 
par. of Lurgan, co. Cavan. The 
name of the place is written (in the 
genitive case) Daethe (or Doethe) 
under 58G snpra, where see note. 

' Claim- Colmain. — This sept were 
really descended from Colman Mdr 
(brother of Colman Bee), whose death 
is entered supra, at 554 and 557. 

" Cianaohta. — The Cianachta of 



Brega ; a tribe occupying the S.E. 
portion of the county Meath, probably 
the barony of Duleek. 

^Fiachna. — The parenthetic clause, 
which is in the marg. in A, occurs by 
way of gloss in B. Fiachna was 
lord of Dalaradia, king of Ulidia. 
The death of his father, Baetan, is 
entered at 580 supra, and his own 
death at 625 injra. See Eeeves's 
Feci Ant., pp. 202, 340, 358. 

'Repose of Colum-Cille Regard- 
ing the date of St. Colum-Cille's 
death, see the learned note of Dean 
Keeves, Adamnan, p. 309, sq. 



76 



(IMMCClCC UlCTOtl. 



Fol. 2Ub. 



fue locx. ui. TTlofif eugain mic ^abpam. Uel hoc 
anno quiey^ epy^coip CCe-oa mic Opicc 7 CCexia mic 
bpenainn. 

fct. 1anai|\. (1 p., L 26.) CCnno "oomini ccccc." xc.° 
11." belliim Raco m -opua-D. bellum CCifi'o i^enTJaim. 
lugulcrcio pilioviuni CCe-oam .1. bpam 7 "Oomansaipt;. 
bellum Copamn. 

]ct. lanaifi. (3 p, I. 7.) CCnno ■oomini ccccc." ccc.° 
in." Occifio Cumafcmj; mic CCe'So la bpannuB mac 
n-ecac 1 n-T)iin biicac. bellum monrif Cuae in 
pejionibuf TTlumen, ubi piacna mac baeram uic- 
t:oi-i epao. TTloiif "Cibpait^i plii Calgsaig. 

let. lanaip. (4 p., I. 18.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." xc." 
uii.° Cfuief baei^eni abba^Jif 1ae. Occifio (all ap bel- 
lum) T)uin bolg ubi ceciDiu CCe-o mac CCinmipec la 
bpannuB mac Gcac, 7 beacc mac Cuanac pex nepocum 
miccUaif. Goco abb CCijiTi macaquieuic. CCugUfcinip 
uenic in CCngliam. Inicium pegni Colmain laigmexio 
7 CCetia flame fimul. 

let. lanaip. (5 p, I. 29.) CCnno "Domini ccccc." xc.° 



' Eugan. — In the valuable " Genea- 
logical Table of the Dalriadic Kings,'' 
compileiJ by Dean Eeeves, facing p. 
438, in his splendid edition of Adam- 
nan's Life of St. Columba, the name 
is 'Eoghanan.' The Dean identifies 
him with ' logenanus,' the brother of 
Aedan (son of Gabran), whom St. 
Columba wished to inaugurate as King 
of the Scotch Dalriada, in the place 
of his brother Aedan (lib. iii., cap. v.) 

" Bishop Aedh. — His obit is entered 
above, under 588. 

' Aedh, son of Brenann (or Bren- 
dan.') — See above, under 588. 

"* Rath-in-drnadh. — Aed-Sendaim. 
— The sites of these battles have not 
been satisfactorily identified. 

' Aedan, — A marginal note in A, 



adds that he was the son of Gabran, 
son of Domangart. 

" Dun-Buchat. — Dunboyke, par. 
of Hollywood, co. Wicklow. See 
O'Donov. Four Mast.,A.D. 593, note d, 
and Shearman's Loca Po(ncjana,p.29 

' Slialh-Ciia.—Th.e ancient name 
of the range of mountains now known 
by the name of Knockmeldown, in 
the N.W. of the co. Waterford. 
This battle is again entered at 602. 

' CaJggach. — First written " Galg- 
gaig"(genit. of " Galggach'') in A. 
But the copyist has written a C over 
the first G, bj' way of suggesting that 
the name should be "Calggaig'' 
(nom. "Calgach.") This name has 
been rendered classical by Tacitus' 
account of the battle fought between 



ANKALS OF ULSTER. 



77 



year of his age. The death of Eugan/ son of Gabran. 
Or, in this year, the repose of Bishop Aedh,- son of 
Brece, and of Aedh, son of Brenann.^ 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 26.) A.D. 595. The battle of [595.] 
Rath-in-druadh.* The battle of Ard-Seudaim. Murder 
of the sons of Aedan,' viz. : — Bran and Domangart. The 
battle of Corann. 

Kal. Jan, (Tues., m. 7.) A.D. 596. The slaying of [596.] 
Cumascach, son of Aedh, by Brandubh, son of Eocha, in 
Dun-Buchat."' The battle of Sliabh-Cua,' in the regions 
of Munster ; in which Fiachna, son of Baetan, was victor. 
The death of Tibraitte, son of Calggach.' 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 18.) A,D. 597. The repose of [697.] 
Baitheni,'' abbot of la. The slaughter (or battle'") of 
Dun-bolg,'' in which fell Aedh, son of Ainmire, by Bran- 
dubh, son of Echa, and Bee, son of Cuanu, King of Ui- 
mic-Uais.'^ Eocho,'' abbot of Armagh, rested. Augustin 
came to England. The beginning of the joint reign of 
Colman Righmidh and Aedh Slaine. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 29.) A.D. 598. Ailither, abbot [598.] 



Galgacus and Agricola, at the Gram- 
pian Hills. Tlie ancient name of 
Derry was Daire Calgaich, wUch is 
Latinized by Adamnan Hoioretum 
Calgachi (lib. i., cap, II.) 

' Baitheni. — See, regarding tliis 
person, Eeeves'9 Adamnan, p. 372. 

'° Or battle. — Added as a gloss in 
A. For ' occisio,' B. reads 'bellum.' 

"Dun-lolg. — 'Fort of Sacks.' For 
the situation of this place, and the 
causes which led to the battle, see 
O'Donov. Four Mast., a.d. 594, 
note h., where n full summary is 
given from the account of the battle 
of Dun-bolg contained in the Borama 
Tract, Boole of Leinster, p. 294, b.,sq. 

"Ui-mic-Uais — A name borne by 



a powerful sept of the Airghialla, 
who were settled in or near the pre- 
sent county of Armagh, a branch of 
which emigrated southwards, and 
gave name to the district now cor- 
ruptly called the barony of Moyyoish, 
county Westmeath. See Reeves's 
Ecd. Ant., p. 387. 

^'Eocho In the List of the Comarbs 

of St Patrick, Booh of Leinster, p. 
42, col. 3, he is called Eochaid son of 
Diarmait, and the length of his abbacy 
is limited to three years, which differs 
considerably from the period assigned 
in other ancient Lists published by 
Dr. Todd. (St. Patrick, pp. 177, 
179). 



78 



CCMt^aLCC UlCTDll. 



u)ii.° CCili^efi ab CLono mic Moif paiipat:. Qtiier 
Cainnig in CCcaiT) b6 uc Cuana -ooceu. 
•t) ]ct. lanaip. (6 p, I. 10.) CCnno -Domini ccccc." xc.° 

ix.° Cfuief Cainni5 fancn, 7 beUuni Saxonum in quo 
uicruf epr; CCe-oan. lugulauio Suibne mic Colmaen 
moeti (mic "DiapmoDa V6tx>-B m\c ■pefijufa ceyipbeoil 
mic Conmll cfieifiuainne mic NeiU .ix. giallaij), la 
hCCev flane, 1 m-bfii uam pop Suanui .1. laiutiluf. 

]ct. lanaiia. (1. ■p.,!-- 21.) CCnno ■oomini cccccc." 'Cep- 
yiemoT^up 1 m-baipchiu. ITIopf Open'oain mic Coipppi 
[mic] ■peiceni. Sic inueni in libpo Cuanac. bellum 
SLemne, 7 belliim Cule coil, 7 paupa Comjaill, 7 mopp 
O-DDac mic CCe'Da in ifco anno peppecca eppe. Uel 
hoc anno quiep Cholunn cille in nocce ■oominica- 

]ct. lanaip. (2. p., I. 2.) OCnno'Domim 'dc.° 1.° Cfinep 
Comgaill Oenncaip. Oellum 8lennae in quo Colman 
pimiTi pex ^eiiepip eujam uicT:;op epac, 7 Conall cuu 
mac CCe-DO mic CCinmipec puginuup euapi^;. bellum 
Foi. 22aa. CuIg coil in quo piacna mac "Demam PU1511;. 
Piacna mac baei;ain uiccop epac. tTlopp hllacac 
mic CCexio. bellum 6cpoip. 



' Repose of Cainnech. — See under 
52G supya, note 3. 

^Battle ofihe8axo7is. — This seems 
to be the battle recorded in the Saxon 
Chronicle at a.d. 603, as fought be- 
tween Aegthan, King of the Scots, 
against [_recte, with] the Dalreods, 
against jEthelferth,King of the North- 
umbrians, at Dffigsanstan (Dawston 
in Cumberland), where all his (Aeg- 
than's, or Aedan's) army is said to 
have been slain. Bede also refers 
this battle to the year 603. {Hist. 
Eccl. i., 34.) 

^Son The original of this clause 

is interlined in A. and ]?. in very old 
writing. 

* Suaniu Supposed to be the an- 



cient name of a river near Geshill, in 
the King's County. See O'Donov. 
Four Mast., under 596, note o. 

' Coirpre [son of~\ Feiehen. — The 
name is Coirpri Feicheni in A., but 
' Coirpri mic Feicheni ' (' C. son of 
Feiehen') in B., and in the Four Mast. 
Clar. 49 has ' Cairbre St. Feichin,' 
which is a blunder. In the Geneal. 
Table of the Hy-Maine, given by 
O'Donovan (facing p. 97, Tribes ijc. 
of Htj-Manij) Cairpri Mac Fechine 
is set down as the son of a Feradach, 
and 5th in the line of descent from 
Maine Mor, from whom the Hy-Many 
sept was named. See also the "Work 
referred ti, at p. 1 5. 

" Shmain, Cuil-coil, Comgall, Odda. 



ANNALS OF TJI^STER. 



79 



f Cluain-mic-Nois, rested. The repose of Cainnech' in 
.chadh-b6, as Guana states. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 10.) a.d. 599. The repose of 
aint Cainnech ;^ and the battle of the Saxons/ in which 
.edan was vanquished. The killing of Suibhne, son of 
olman Mor (son' of Diarmaid Derg, son of Fergus Cerr- 
3oil, son of Conall Cremthainne, son of Niall Nine-hos- 
iger), by Aedh Slane, in Bri-dam on the Suaniu,* i.e. a 
;ream. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 21.) a.d. 600. An earthquake 
L Bairche, The death of Brendan, son of Coirpre [son 
'] Feichen.^ Thus I have found in the Book of Cuanu : 
le battle of Slemain," and the battle of Cuil-coil,° and 
le rest of Comgall/ and the death of Odda", son of 
edh, took place in this year. Or, in this year, the 
spose of Colum-cille, on Sunday night. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 2.) a.d. 601. The repose of 
omgalF of Bangor. The battle of Slemain,® in which 
olman Rimidh, King of Cinel-Eogain,' was victor, and 
onall Cu, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, escaped by flight." 
he battle of Cul-coel, in which Fiachna, son of Deman, 
ed. Fiachna, son of Baetan, was victor. The death of 
Tata," son of Aedh. The battle of Echros.'= 



[599.J 



[600.] 



[601.] 



These entries are recorded under 
e next year, wbich is the correct 
te according to the enumeration of 
ese Annals. 

' Comgall, — His birth is entered at 
5, and again at 619, supra. 
'Of Slemain.— Slenr\e,ioi Slemhe, 
B. Supposed to be now repre- 
ited by Slanemore and Slanebeg, 
the parish of Dysart, near Mullin- 
r, county Westmeatb. 
' King of Cinel-Eogain. — But also 
nt-monarch of Ireland. See above 
der 597. 

^'Escaped hy fight pugiciuf 

ay^ic, A. ■pusiciuy euaffic, B. 



The death of Conall Cu is recorded 
infra, under 603. 

" Vata Written O'D'oac, gen. of 

Ox)T)a, under last year. In the 
Chrou. Scot., at a.d. 592, where he 
is called King of Connaught, the 
name is written Uadu; but Uata 
by the Four Mast., 597. From 
him was derived the name Clann- 
Uadach, " descendants of Uadtt," the 
tribe-name of the O'Fallons of Ros- 
common, whose patronymic was also 
deri%'ed from Fallomhan, the great- 
grandson of Uadu. 

'^ Echros. — See under next year. 



80 



rainccloc iila'Dti. 



.b. 



]ct. lanaiii. (3 p., I. 13.) (Xnno nomiiii t)c.° ii.° 
Cfiiief pnnccnn pilii nepoa)^ Gc'cac. Oellutn Gcpoip 
imTTluiyiuifc inceti semif Coi|ippi 7 nepocef piacfiac 
TTlinpfce. TnaelcoT^haig \-iex nepoctim pacpac in 
pujam eiiepfUf epu. Omnia que fcpipca funt: in 
anno pubpeqiience iniieni in libpo Cuanac in ipco eppe 
peppecra. Smell eppcop campi Oili [qnieuic] Cau 
pleiBe Cua imTTliimain. 

fCt. lanaip. (4 p., I. 24.) CCnno "Doniini -dc" 111.° 
1ii5UlaT;io Colniain piinexio (mic baeT)ain bpigi mic 
ITluipcepuaig mic Gapca) a tiipo T)e genepe puo qui 
uoccn;up epc Locan 'Oiolmana : — 

Cevu pige ce-DU pecc, 

CeDU nepr; pop 1^15pat)a, 

1nit) Colmam pimit) -jai 

Rombi Locan -oicnaDa. 
Uigulauio CCe-DO plane (mic "Oiapmo-oa "oeips mic 
■peapgupa CeppBeoil mic Conaill Cpenit;ainne mic 
Weill noipallais) Chonall mac Suibne, qui peg- 
nauepunc 'Cemopiam aequali pocepcat;e pimul. 
lugulaT^io CCexio pom pex neporum pailgi 1 pae^gi 
mic meccnaen pop bpu loca Seim-oi'De, eoT)em Tjie 
quo lugulocup epc CCe'o plane. (CCe-o ^upcan comalca 



' Battle of Echros. — O'Donovan 
identifies this place with Augliris, a 
towiiland in the parish of Templeboy, 
bar. of Tireragh, co. Sligo. Hy-Fia- 
diracli^ p. 138. 

- Mtdiisc, i.e., the " Sea Plain." — 
A district in the bar. of Tireragh, co. 
Sligo. For its exact situation, see 
O'Donovan's Htj-Fiachrach, p. 257, 
note b, and the Map prefixed to the 
same ATork. 

' Magh-Bile. — Now Movilla, near 
Newtownards, in the co. Down. See 
O'Donovan's important note on ilagh- 
Bile, Four Mast., 002, note t. 



* Sliahh-Cua. — Already entered 
under 596. 

^/n i1/tuwto-. — ImTTlujain, A. 
More correctly mimuitiain, B. 

" Son of Baetan, (Sfc. — This clause 
is interlined in A. and B. by later 
hands. 

' J17io was called. — The equivalent 
of this clause, " qui dictus est Locan 
Diolmana," is interlined in al. man. 
in A. 

' Ditlmada. — A variation of the 
epithet Dihnana. These lines, which 
are not in B., are written in the lower 
margin of fol. 216 in A., with a mark 



ANNALS OF ULSTES. 



81 



Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 13.) A.D. 602. The repose of 
'inntan son of Ua-Echdach. The battle of Echros^ in 
luirisc,^ between the Cinel-Coirpri and the Ui-Eiachrach 
f Muirisc.^ Maelcothaig, King of the Ui-Fiachrach, was 
ut to flight. All things which are written in the fol- 
jwing year, I find in the Book of Cnanu to have taken 
lace in this. Sinell, bishop of Magh-Bile/ [rested]. The 
attle of Sliabh-Cua* in Munster.^ 

Kal. Jan.' (Wed., m. 2-t.) A.D. 603. Assassination of 
lolman Eimidh ("son of Baetan Brigi, son of Muircher- 
ich Mac Erca), by a man of his kindred (who was called' 
iOcan Dilmana). 

Notwithstanding kingship, notwithstanding law, 

Notwithstanding power over chieftains ; 

Behold ! Colman Rimid, a king — 

Locan Dithnada^ slew him ! 
.ssassination of Aedh Slane {son of Diarmaid' Derg, son 
f Fergus Cerrbheoil, son of Conall Cremthainue, sen of 
fiall Nine-hostager), by Conall, son of Suibne. They [i.e. 
)oIman Rimidh and Aedh Slaine] reigned'" together at 
'ara with equal power. The assassination of Aedh Roin, 
Ling of the Ui-Failgi, in Faethgi-mic-Meccnaen" (on the 
rink of Loch-Semdidhe), on the same day in which 



[602.] 



: reference to their proper place in 
le text. 

' Son of Diarmaid, d;c. — This 
lause is interlined in A. and B. 
'Conor has created some confusion 
I his edition of these Annals, by 
laliing this clause a contmuation of 
lat above given (see note 6) in con- 
exion with the name of Colman 
iimidh ; thus giving both kings the 
ime pedigree, which is wrong. 

^"Reigned. — IhSs entry is very 
losely constructed in both A. and B. 
he events are recorded by the Four 
tost., under A.D. 600, in a much 
lore simple and intelligible way. 



'^'^Faethgi-mic-Meccnaen. — "The 
Fair-green of MacMeccnaen." Faith- 
che-mic-Meccnain, Chron. Scot. (604 ; 
F. mic Mencnain, Four M. (GOO). 
The so-called Translator of Clar. 49 
renders it by " the field of Macnaen." 
The parenthesis which follows (inter- 
lined in A. and B.) fixes thefaithche 
as on the brink of Loch-Semdidhe, or 
Lough-Sewdy. The name is now 
obsolete, but there can be little doubt 
that the " green " occupied the site of 
the present village of Ballyraore- 
Lough-Sewdy, barony of Rathcon- 
rath, CO. Westmeath. 

a 



[603.] 



82 



CCMNCClCC Ula"Dll. 



ConaiU, 7 baecal bile, iionjonfa'Daii), uuve t)icuim 
eyv : — 

Hip,' bo aifitfiitxc itiT) aifile 
*Oona ti-ogaib cuait) cuiifirrie ; 
Con all lao bi CCe'o flome ; 
CCet) flane \\o bi Suibne. 

CCeti bui-oi |ii ceniul ITlaeni [occifUf efc]. TTlotif 
Chonaill Chuu mic CCetia mic CCinmiiieci Cuu cen 
TTiaTOiia moi^TTtii flint;. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Tjomini tic" 1111.° bellum 
Sla6%e in quo uicuuf epc bpan-ouB mac Gacac. 
■Neporef Neilt uiccofef efcmc, .1. CCe'o UayieT)ac, in 
quo T;6mpoi'ie ixegnauiu. lugulacio Oi'ian'ouib fegif 
tagen a jenepe fuo pep "Dolum (mac ear;bach mic 
ITluipea'Sais mic CCe'oa mic peitiliiTi mic Gnna Ceinn- 
fealaig mic Labiia-oa mic bpeapail belaij mic 
Paca baiccea'oa mic Cacaiji liioip-) 'Cpiginca annif 
pegnauic in Laginia, 7 a cau na "Oamcluana po 
map15ax>. 'Mo gomati e Sapan paeb-oepj .1. oipcinneac 
Sean15oi€e fine fOfmaifpea'D, ut; poeca "Dixie .f. 

Sapan paeb-oeps peol co pe, 
Oipcinneacb -Senboice pne; 
G ni tialb gan bpantjal bpor, 
■Ro liiapb Opanx)ub mac GacbacTi. 

■poccap annif .U11. pegnauic, Obir;up taippen abbacip 
lae. 



^ AedlL—This clause is added in 
al. man. in A. Interlined in B. 

^ Of which was said. — Unde dictum 
est, A. Not in B. The verses which 
follow (and which also are not in B.) 
are in the top marg. of A., fol. 22a; 
another, but more corrupt, copy being 
written in the lower margin, foL 215. 

^ Tuath-Tuirmhe. — O'Donovan 
(Four Mast., 600, note g) says that 



this was a Bardic name for Bregia, 
' from Tuirbhe, or Turvey, near 
Swords, in the county of Dublin.' 

■■ Aedh Buidhe. — He was king, or 
chieftain, of the Cinel-Maine (or des- 
cendants of Maine, son of Niall Nine- 
hostager), whose territory was in 
later times known as Tethbha, or 
TefSa, a district comprising the 
western part of the present county of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 83 

edh Slane was assassinated, (Aedh' Gustan, Conall's 
ster-brother, and Baethal Bile, that killed him) ; of which 
as said •? — 

Not -wise -was the counsel 

For the heroes of Tuath-Tuirmhe j' 

Conall that slew Aedh Slane ; 

Aedh Slane that slew Suibne. 
-ed Buidhe,* King of Cinel-Maini, [slain]. Death of Conall 
uu,'^ son of Aedh, son of Ainmire. Cu-cen-mathair ° died. 
Kal. Jan. A.B. 604. The battle of Slaebhre, in which [6M.] 
randubh, son of Eacha, was vanquished. The Ui- 
eill were victors, (t.e., Aedh Uaridnach, who then reigned), 
he killing of Brandubh, King of Leinster, by his 
wn tribe, through treachery : (son of Eacha, son of 
[uiredach, son of Aedh, son of Eedhlim, son of Enna 
ennselach, son of Labraidh, son of Bresal Belach, son of 
iacha Baicceda, son of Cathair Mor). He reigned thirty 
ears in Leinster, and in the battle of Damcluaiu he 
■as slain. Or it may have been Saran ' Saebhderg,' i.e., 
le ' Herenagh ' of Senboth-sine, that killed him, as the 
)et said ; — 

False-eyed Saran, a guide hitherto, 
' Herenagh ' of Senboth-sine, 
Was he, no falsehood, without bright judgment, 
That killed Brandubh son of Eacha. 
occas' reigned seven years. Death of Laisren abbot 
■la. 

estmeath, Trith adjacent parts of I signifies ' Conallus placidas,' and not 

ngford and King's cog. See ' Conallus canis,' as O'Donovan sug- 

Douov. Four Mast. , at a.d. 1207, gests (Four Mast. 600, note k). 

iez, andlr. Topog. Poems, note 35. ^ Cu-cen-mathair, i.e., " Canis sine 



e Four Mast. (a.d. 600) and the 
ron. Scot. (60i) state that Aedh 
s slaiQ by Conall son of Suibhne, 
the same day on which Aedh Slane 
8 killed. 

Conall Cmm.— Said to have been 
Bated in the battle of Slemain, 
m, 601. O'Conor thinks the name I in B., nor in Clar. 49, 

G2 



matre." The record of his obit here 
is decidedly wrong, and for " mor- 
tui sunt", we should probably read 
"natus est," as his death is recorded 
injra, sit 664:. 

' Foccas. — The Emperor Phoeas. 
This and the following entry are not 



84 



ccNMalcc tilaroTi. 



Fol 22a5 

.b. 



jet. Imiaifi. CCnno -oomitii t)c.° u.° Quief beusnai 
abbacif benncoifi. Vr\o\iy CCe'oain mic ^abriam (mic 
T)oman5aiiac, 1115 CClban). 1U5ul.aT;io •piliopum baecain 
.1. mic CairiiU. SecutTDO anno 1:00006 inipeiaaT;opir. 
Sl^ejopiUf papa i"ecunT)um beiiani migfiauit; av "oomi- 
num. bonipario po5ani;e yzazmz fevem |\omanae 
ecapofcolicae aecclepaeoapuc epfe omnium ecclefia- 
tium, quia ecclepa Confcan7:inopolii;ana pfiimum fe 
omnium ecclefiajium i^iiibeba?:. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno T)omini 'dc." ui.° Uel m alii 
•Dicunc hic mispauit; Si^egoiiiUf an Chpifuim, •pcibcec 
hoc anno. 

■jet. lanaip. (2|:., I. 9.) CCnno -oomini t)c.°uii.'' TTlopr 
PiacK^ac caic mic baecain la Cpuicniu, 7 quiey CCe-oac 
mic "Oaill. Sabunianuf narione 'Cuixuf fe'oem pet;pi 
renuiT; anno .1. menfibuf .u., TDiebup .ix., ec fepulx^up 
efc in bafilica pecpi. 

let. lanaip. (4 p., I. 20.) CCnno T)omini vc.° um." 
Occifio Secnufaig mic ^apbain, 7 mopf Conaill mic 
"Oaimeni, 7 quiep Lu5T)ac mic U Ochae. 



' Eeogna. — "Written Oeugnai (the 
gen. case) in A. and B. O'Conor 
has erroneously printed the name 
' Bengnai,' and Latinized it Benif/mts, 
in his ed. of these Annals. His 
festival is given as 22 Aug., in the 
Martyr, of Donegal, where the name 
is Beoghna. 

2 Aedkan. — The Ckrou. Scotorum^ 
in giving his obit at the year GOG, 
adds that this Tvas the 37th year of 
Aedhan's reign, and the SSth, or 8Cth, 
of his age. But Aedhan died in the 
T-ith year of his age, according to 
Tigernach. 

3 Sons of Baetan. — The death of 
this Baetan is entered, supra^ under 
the years 580 and 586. The Chron. 
Scot., which records the murder of 



Baetan's sons at the year 606, adds 
that they were slain in ' Dun-BIogna,' 
a flio matrls su(b. Tn the Book of 
Leinster (p. 330. col. 4), the slayer of 
the sons of Baetan is stated to have 
been his brother, Maelduin, and the 
place where they were slain is called 
Diin-Mugnae. 

^ According to Bede. — See Bede's 
Eccl Eist., Book II., chap. i. 

' Ue, i.e., the Emperor Phocaa. 
Vid. Paul. Diacon., de Gest. Reg. 
Longolard., lib. 4, cap. 37. 

° Fiachra Caech, i.e., ' Fiachra the 
one-eyed.' Cip.aic (gen. of cfiaec), 
A. Written Pmcixct c^mt in B., 
and printed Fiachrait by O'Conor, 
who has fused the name and the 
epithet into one. Skene prints the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 605. The repose of Beogna/ abbot of 
Bangor. The death of Aedhan,== son of Gabran, son of 
Domangart, King of Alba. Assassination of the sons 
)f Baetan," son of Cairill. In the second year of the 
Emperor Phocas, Pope Gregorj' migrated to the Lord, 
iccording to Bede.* At the request of Boniface, he" had 
lecreed the See of Eome and of the Apostolic Church to 
56 the head of all Churches, for the Constantinopolitan 
Dhurch used to describe itself the first of all Churches. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 006. Or, as others say, in this place 
Gregory migrated to Christ ; to wit, in this year. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 9.) a.d. 607. The death of 
J'iachra Caech," son of Baetan, by Cruithni; and the 
■epose of Aedh, son of Dall.'' Sabinian, by birth a 
Tuscan, held^ the See of Peter one year, five months, and 
ea days, and was buried in the Church of Peter. 

KaL Jan. (Wed., m. 20.) a.d. 608. The killing of 
Jechnasach,' son of Garban, and the death of Conall, son 
if Daimin, and the repose of Lugaid Mac-Ui-Oche.'" 



[605.] 



[G06.] 



[607.] 



[608.] 



atryofFiachraCaech's death (CArora. 
i the Picts and Scots, p. 346,) as if 
e regarded Fiachra as a Kcottish 
ersonage ; but Fiachra was evidently 
le son of the Baetan above men- 
oned (580, 586). 

7 Son of Ball. — "0011.1. (gen. of 
aW.) A. and B. O'Conor prints 
)omhnaill (' of Domhnall ') ; and 
lar. 49 has 'Donill.' The word 
nier would imply that the person 
iferred to was an ecclesiastic. There 

no corresponding entry in the A nn, 
'our Mast. 

'Held. — The words pecfii cenuic, 
. the original text, omitted in A., 
■e supplied from B. 

' Sechnasach In the Ann. Four 

'last. (605), and Chron. Scot. (609), 
jchnasach is stated to have been 



King of Cinel-Boghaine, a tribe 
located in the district corresponding 
to the present barony of Banagh, co. 
Donegal. 

^"Lugaid Mac- Vi-Oclie, i.e., 'Lugaid, 
son of the descendant of Oche.' His 
birth is entered under the year 553, 
supra. He is better knoira by his 
alias name Molua, "which is the form 
used in Tigemach. His father was 
one Carthach, of the Munster tribe 
Corco-Oche, mentioned supra, at 551. 
Hence the description Mac-Ui-Oche. 
Lugaid, or Molua, founded the church 
of Cluain-ferta-Molua, or Clonfert- 
Mulloe, now known as Kyle, in the 
barony of Clandonagh, Queen's co. 
O'Conor erroneously prints the name 
Ij. mac Cuocliae. 



86 



CCMMCClOC UlCCOtl. 



.b. 



let. lanaip. (5 p., I. 1.) CCnnoTJOtnini -dc" ix." moi-if 
CCexio mic Colssen pepf "« ii-CCiiirep. motir SiUam 
Tnic Cumminii abbacif benncoiii, 7 mopf CCeT)ctin cmco- 
]\\-ae benncoi|i, 7 moiaf maelehtimai inic bctecmn- 
Senac (o cluain uCCinspigi), abb OCiri^ maca, quietiii;. 
Pinif qionici Uifebii. 

"jet. 1anal1^. (6 p, I. 12.) CCnno -001111111 -oc." a;." 
■ptilminacuf efc exepci-Uf tlloi; im mbaipciu puliTiine 
cei^riibili. moiar maeile-Dtiin mic CCleni negif ^0^' 
T)Oiinae, 7 moiip Otigain mic Gcac Ictib. Cfmef Colmani 
eio. Sic efc in libyio Ctianacli, CCe-o iiom 7 CCexi laigen. 

fct. lanaiia. (7 p., I. 23.) dnno -Domini -dc." oci." 
mopr CCg'do al-DT)ain pilii T)omiK(ill r^egir 'Cemiao. 
bellum ODbae pe n-Oen^up mac Colmain, in quo 
ceci-Dic Conall laegbpes piliup CCexio plane. TTlaelcoBa 
pejnape incipic hoc anno. 

jet. lanaip. (2 p., I. 4.) CCnno TDomim nc" ecu." Cfuiep 
PnnTram Oeni;pai15 abbaripbenncoip. TTIopp Colmain 
tiac[ai5]. belUim Caipe legion ubi panct;i occipi 
punt;, 7 ceciDii: Solon mac Conaen pex bpicanopum. 
Gpacliup annip .xxtii. pegnac 



' Aedan. — This entry, which is not 
in B., is in Clar. 49. 

^ Cluain- U-AingrigliL — In the List 
of Successors of St. Patrick, contained 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 42, 
cols. 3-4), Senach, who is called 
garbh (' rough ') is stated to have 
been from Cluain. h. micCh-icct (' Plain 
of the descendant of Gricci's son '), and 
of the Ui-Niallaln ; and it is further 
added that Senach was ' a blacksmith 
in Orders, from Kilmore.' The Kil- 
more here referred to is probably 
Kilmore, in the bar. of O'Neilland 
West, CO. Armagh. See Todd's St. 



Patrick, p. 180. The clause is not 
in B. 

' Chronicle of Eusehius. — This can- 
not refer to the genuine chronicle of 
Eusebius, who died a.d. 340, but 
may possibly allude to some copy 
thereof, with additions, known to old 
Irish Annalists. 

^ Echa Laibh. — The Ecliodlus Laib 
of Adamnan (Vit. Columb., i., 7). 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 33, note Ji. 

5 Aedli Roin — Aedli Laighen. — The 
preceding statement, " Thus it is in 
the Book of Cuanu," seems to refer 
to the imperfect conclusion of the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



87 



Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 1.) a.d. 609. Death of 
Bdh, son of ColgLi, King of the Airthera. Death of 
llan, son of Cummin, abbot of Bangor ; and death of 
edan/ anchorite of Bangor ; and death of Maeluma, son 
■ Baetan. Senach (from Ckiain-U-Aingrighi"), abbot of 
rmagh, rested. End of the Chronicle of Eusebius.'' 
Kal. Jan. (Frid. m. 12.) a.d. 610. The army of 
ladh was struck by terrible thunder in Bairche. The 
)ath of Maelduin son of Alen, King of Mogdorna ; and 
18 death of Eugan, son of Echa Laibh.'' The repose of 
Dlman Elo. Thus it is in the Book of Cuanu. Aedh 
oin^ and Aedh Laighen.* 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 23.) A.D. 611. Death of Aedh 
Idan," son of Domnall, King of Tara. The battle of 
dba ivas gained by Gengus, son of Colman, in -which 
U Conall Laegh-bregh, son of Aedh Slane. Maelcobha 
igins to reign in this year. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 4.) a.d. 612. The repose of 
inntan of Oentraibh,' abbot of Bangor. The death of 
jlman Uath[ach]l The battle of Caer-legion,^ in which 
)ly men^° were slain, and Solon son of Conaen, King of 
e Britons, fell. Heraclius reigns 26 years. 



[609.] 



[610.] 



[611.] 



[612] 



;ry that follows, and not to the 
uies " of Colman Elo (St. Colman 

Lainn-Elo, or Ljnially, in the 
ag's Co.), the date of whose death 
jiven in the Irish Annals generally 

610. Of Aedh Eoin and Aedh 
ighen, nothing is known, at least 
the Editor. 

' Aedh Aldan. — An alias name for 
dh Uaridnach, King of Tara. See 
ier the year 604 sup-a. The 
ession to the throne of the real 
3h Aldan (or Aedh Allan) is entered 
;he year 733 infra. 



f Omtraihh. — The Irish form of the 
name of Antrim. 

8 PaiAdcA.—'' The hateful." Writ- 
ten uach. in A. and B. ; but ucrctiais 
(genit. of uccchacTi) in Chron. Scot. 
(613). 

' Caer-ltgion. — Chester. The An- 
glo-Saxon Chron. records this battle 
under the year 606. See Thorpe's 
ed., London, 1861. See also Bede's 
account of it, Ecol. Hist., Book 2, 
Chap. 2. 

'^° Holy men, — vci, for sancti, 
A., B. 



88 



CCMMCClCC uICCDVi. 



Fol. 225a, jct. lanaifi. (3 x^., I. 15.) CCnno 7)01111111 -dc." xiii.° 
"Colpa poca abb Cluana mic u Woif patipaT;. SceUa 
uifct efc hopa tiiiia Tiiei. 

fct. laiiai)!. (-i p., I- 26.) CCnno -Domini ■dc." xini." 
1u5Ulat;io ITlaelicoba mic CCexio in bello moncip (beal- 
5aT>ain) 'Ctieu (uel cau SleiBe cfiuim). Suibni menn 
uiccop. epat; eu p-egnauic popr etim. Cfuiep "Diapmcrco 
cepcn abbacip Cluana ijiaipi). beUum p-Dnaigi ei 
legs in iiia'DT)ai. Coeman bpecc quieuir;. 
X). jet. lanaip. (0 p., L 7.) CCnno T)oniini T)C.° xu." 

TTloiip Suibne inic Ciaaeceni t^egip Cmnaccae jlinne 
Saiitiin, 7 mopp CCexiain mic ITlongain piegip "Dalpiara 
(no aifiaiDe), 7 mo)if pecpam eppcoip Lupcan- Go 
[anno] CCex) 7 Cpican apeni obiepunc. Combupcio 
benncoip. 

]ct lanaip. (7 p., I. 18.) CCnno •Domini nc." x." u." 1.° 
Combupcio mapT;iptiiTi Gga. Combupcio TDonnain Bga 
hi -xu. ]Cal. TTlai cum .cl- mapnpibup, 7 occipio 'Copchae, 
7 lopca-b ConDipi. Upque hunc annum pcpippit; Ipio- 
"Dopup Cponicon puum, ira T)icenp, Gpacliup "oeliinc 
quHTCUm annum agii: impepn, hoc ep^: anno quinco 



1 Tohia 'Cotpa, A., B., and 

Clar. 49. But "Tolua " in the Ann. 
Four Mast, wliich have his obit 
under the year 609. 

' SUabh-Tueth. — Originally -n'ritten 
TnofT cuecli in A., over which a 
second hand has added v^r■ beajj- 
Saxjain, as if to correct the name to 
montis Bealgadkain, or Sliabh-Belga- 
dain (as in MS. B.) The alias read- 
ing -vvbich would fix the site of the 
battle at Sliabh-Truim (now known 
as "Bessy Bell" Mountain, in the 
bar. of Strabane) is added in the 
margin in A. and B. Clar. 49 has 
simply " in bello Montis Belgadhain." 
But the Fow Masters write the name 
Sliabh-Toadb : and the Chron. Scot. 



has " in bello montis Toath (or 
Taeth) " ; whilst in the Book of 
Ltinster (p. 25«) Maelcobha is stated 
to have been slain in the battle of 
Sliabh-Toad. Keating writes ' ' Sliabh- 
Bealgadain." 

^.1?. — ei (tor ec, or ic) A., B. 
O'Conor prints ic (" at.") Clar. 49 
has " at Legg-in-Riada." The name 
signifies " the stone of punishment.'' 
The place has not been identified. 

■* Coeman Brec, — His birth is re- 
corded supra, at the year 528 ; so 
that he lived to the age of 86. 

^ Dalriata or \_Dar\araide. — Over 
the name ■Datyutrca, in A., the copyist 
has written V aivaiTie (or araide) 
rightly correcting the name to Sah- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



89 



613. Tolua' the TaU, 
A star was seen the 



[613.J 



[615.] 



Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 15.) A.D. 
;bot of Cluain-mic-Nois, rests. 
ghth hour of the day. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 26.) A.D. 614. The killing of [6U.] 
aelcobha son of Aedh, in the battle of Sliabh-Tueth* 
sliabh-Belgadain ; otherwise, the battle of Sliabh- 
uim.) Suibne Menn was victor, and reigned after him. 
he repose of Diarmait, third abbot of Cluain-Traird. 
he battle of Fidnacha, at' Legg-in-riaddai. Coeman 
irec* rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 7.) A.D. 615. The death of 
uibne, son of Crachen, King of the Cianachta of Glenn- 
aimhin, and the death of Aedhan son of Mongan, King 
f Dalriata or [I)al]araide ^ ; and the death of Petran, 
ishop of Lusca. In the same year^ Aedh, and Critan 
a-eni, died. Burning of Bangor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 18.) A.D. 616. The burning of 
he martyrs of Egg. The burning of Donnatf of Egg, 
n the 15th of the Kalends of May, with 150 martyrs ; 
,nd the devastation of Torach," and the burning of 
)ondere. Isidore wrote his Chronicle down to this year, 
hus saying : — Heraclius completed the fifth year of his 
eign from this time," which is in the fifth year of the 



[616.] 



aide, of which Aedhan was King. 
lee Reeves' Eccl. Antiqq., p. 340. 

° In, the same year. — Co in A. and 
!., the word anno being omitted in 
lOth MSS. Clar. 49 has eo an. 
)'Conor, in his ed. of these Annals, 
las joined Go to the following name 
CeTi, and formed from the conjunc- 
ion the unusual form of name "Eac- 
laedh." 

' Donnan. — The original of this 
ntry is added over that of the pre- 
eding entry in A., and partly in B. 
Jegarding St. Donnan of Egg (or 
)onnan Ega, as he \a generally called), 



see Reeves' Adamnan, Additional 
Note K. , p. 303, where much curious 
information on the subject is given. 

^ Devastation of Torach. — occit^io 
is the word used for " devastation," 
in A., B., and Clar. 49. The CTiron. 
Scot. hSiS ■aa'^T:ax,\o. Torach is Tory 
Island, off the N.W. coast of Donegal. 
The devastation of Torach is men- 
tioned under the year 612 by the 
Four Mast., who have no notice of 
the massacre of Donnan's people above 
recorded. 

"From this time. — ■oe'hinc, A., B,, 
and Clar. 49. 



90 



aMNalcc ulcCDli. 



inipeiT.li e-paclii ec quayiro iaeli5iofiffimi p|xincipiir 
Sefibuci ; f un^ ab exoyiTsio ttiiiitdi anm Ufqtie av Gfiaclii 
annum pfieyenTrem, hoc efc qumctim, ii. 75000. xini. 

let. lanaip. (1 p., L 29.) CCnno TOmini ■do." cc.° «ii.° 
Inx; immaipeoo in e-iUunn in -dig papca. lugulaz^io 
Colssen mio Suibni 7 mopp pacpac mic ConaiU, 7 
lusulcrcio ■pepgupa pilii Colmain majni .1. CCnpapt;ac 
hll TTlepoain t)0 muinncip blauine : — 

irim 'oom ipetipa com tech, 

hll a Tnepcain CCnpopcacTi, 

llipque Tiopbach Dombeuip. do, 

Pobit gono pepgupfo. 

1M can ■Dopesox: buiTine 
Ceniuil Colmam pech cuilne, 
lapmipoipec •DipuiDiu 
Sil TTlepcain im blacimu, 

Coemsm glmne -oa loca 7 Comgall eppcop, 7 eppoop 
Gogan Raca piche, quieuepunc. InDpaexi TTlaca, ec 
ceppemocup in pallia. 

let. lanaip. (2 p., I. 10.) CCnno 7)omini ■do." x." tiin." 
Libep abbap CCohaiT) bo Cainnig. tTlopp SiLlani 
abbacip oampi bill. tTlopp CCexio bennam 7 pmgin 
mic piacpac. 



' Of tJiemost religious. — Retegiop- 
■pmi, A. Sesibutus was King of the 
West Goths in Spain, a.d. 612-620. 

' Eiluuin. — 6il;itii)ii, in B., which 
O'Conor inaccurately prints Eili mm, 
and he then translates the entry 
" Disceptatio in Eili hoc anno in Die 
Pasdie" which is worse. The place 
alluded to was not any of the territo- 
ries called Eile. Elphin, in the co. 
Roscommon, may possibly have been 
intended, 

^ Colggu. — The killing of this per- 
son, whose name ii written Colggen 



in the genit. case in A. and B., is 
entered in Ann. Four Must., under 
the year 613. 

' Anjortach Ua Mesoain. — This 
name is written Anfartech .h, Mescill 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 42, col. 1), 
where it stated that he slew Fergus 
' ' in the battle of Blaiteine." 

' Blatini.—See last note. 

" Coemgin of Glenn-da-locTm St. 

Kevin of Glendalough. The Chron. 
Scot., and the Martyr of Donegal (at 
June 3), give his age as 120 years. 
This and the remaining entries for 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



91 



ign of Heraclius, and the fourth of the most religious^ 
■ince Sesibutus. From the beginning of the World to 
le present year, that is the fifth, of Heraclius, there are 
J14 years. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 29.) A.D. 617. The conflict in 
Lluuin^ on Easter Day. The killing of Colggu," son of 
libne ; and the death of Fiachra, son of Conall ; and 
le killing o£ Fergus, son of Colman Mor, by Anfartach 
a Mescain,^ of Muintir-Blatini. 

If to me, to my house, should come 

Mescan's descendant, Anfartach, 

Poisonous water I -would give him, 

Because of the slaying of Fergus. 

When bands of the Cinel-Colman 
Shall go past Ouilne, 
They will question, therefor, 
The Sil-Mescam in Blatini.= 

Demgin of Glenn-da-locha," and Bishop Comghall,'' and 
Lshop Eogan, of Rath-sithe,^ rested. The devastation 
' Macha ;" and an earthquake in Gallia. 
Kal. Jan, (Mond., m. 10.) A.D. 618. Liber,!" abbot 

Achad-bo-Cainnigh [rested]. The death of Sillan, 
>bot of Magh-bile. The death of Aedh Bennain," and 

Fina-in son of Fiachra. 

o 

the itTDp.ae'D maca ("devastation of 
Macha ") of the following entry for 
the name of a place. See Reeves' 
Eccl. Antiqq., p. 68, note p. 

" Devastation of Macha, imjliae'D 
maca. — See last note. Possibly 
Macha may he for Ard-Macha 
(Armagh). 

^° Liber Printed " Libren," with 

characteristic inaccuracy, by O'Conor. 

" Aedh Bennain. — King of West 
Mnnster. His death is entered in 
Arm. Four Mast., under the year 614, 
as is also that of Fingin son of Fiachra. 



s year, added. in the margin in A., 
I partly illegible. The text is 
irefore taken from MS. B. See 
Jer the year 621. 

' Comghall.—ln Clar. 49, Comghall 
called Bishop of Daire (Derry). 
,t this must be an error. 
' Sath-sithe. — ^Now Rashee, bar. of 
per Antrim, co. Antrim. O'Conor, 
tis ed. of these Annals, prints this 
xy very inaccurately, and trans- 
BS " ComgaU Episcopus et Episco- 
i Eogan Ecclesise Sancti collis 
ritum, sen lemuram, quieverunt in 
He seems to have taken 



[617.] 



[618.] 



92 



ccMMalcc ulat)!!. 



Fol. 226J. 

,.b. 



]ct. lanaifi. (3 V;l- 21.) CCnno -Dommi vc" x." ix." 
Occifio (.1. immmg vl-eclTC 1 cjaich Conachc) seneitip 
baecain .1. CCileaLlct mic baecain, 7 ITlaele'ouin tnic 
Pepsura mic baecam, 7 moiap pacpac mic Cmpam 
pilii CCinmepec mic Seem. 

fct. lanaip. (5 p., L 2.) CCnno T)omini -dc." xx.° 
Senac gai^lS abbap Cltiancc peiica moi-iiuup. ItisuLacio 
CCensufa mic Colmain ma^ni .1. laegif nepo7;um MeilL 
T)unca^ mac eugain, Meccan mac Canonn, 7 CCexi 
obiepunr;. 

|ct. lanaip. (6 p., I. 13.) CCnno -Domini ■dc." xx.° 1.° 
beUtim Cm-o -DeilsTD-oen. Conall mac Suibne uicroia 
ejiac. "Duo pin tibpain mic ILlan-oon mic CepbaiU 
ceciTiepunc. Conain^ mac CCe-oain TDimejafUf efu;— 

"Conna mojia mogalna, 

STiian jio'Dbacoigpecaiaj 

■piai ciiyxac ptefc ipann 

pop, Conmng coippecqa. 

mofif TTlailembpaco mic Rimex>o mic Cobmain piln 
Cobcaij 7 CCilello mic Ceblaig. belbum Lin-oaip. 
Cfuief Coemjin ^linne va loca. bellum Cenbuisi in 
quo ceciT)ir; Colman mac Cobuaig. lujulacio CCilello 
mic Cellais. TTlopf Colgsen mic Ceallaig. 

]ct. lanaip. (7 p., I. 24.) CCnno -Domini nc." ccx." n." 
ObiT;up "Pepgnai abbacip 1ae. Cfuiep mic Lappa abba- 



' Maffh- slecht. — The ancient name 
of a plain in the present bar. of TuUy- 
haw, CO. Cavan. This clause is added 
by way of gloss in A., over the word 
occipio. 

- Ui-NeiU.— The southern Ui-Neill. 
In the list of the Kings of Uisnech, 
contained in the Boof: of Leinster (p. 
42, col. 1), Aengus is stated to have 
reigned 7 years, and to have been 
slain by one Domnall son of Mur- 
[chadh.] 

^ Eugan. — Apparently the Eugan 
(or Kuganan), son of Gabran (King 



of Dalriada), whose death is entered 
at the year 594 supra. 

* Nechtan — A Pictish king. 

= Conalng son of Aedhan, i.e., son 
of Aedhan Mac Gabhrain, King of 
Alba, whose death is entered above 
at the year 605. The verses that 
follow, referring to the drowning of 
Conaing, and which are not in B., are 
so corrupt that they could scarcely 
be set right without the expenditure 
of more time and trouble than the 
subject is worth. They are much 
more correctly given in the Chron. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



93 



K.al. Jan. (Tues., m. 21.) a.d. 619. The murder (in \Gld.] 
gh-slecht/ in the territory of Connaught) of the 
aily of Baetan, viz., of Ailill, son of Baetan, and of 
lelduin, son of Fergus, son of Baetan ; and the death 
Fiachra, son of Ciaran, son of Ainmire, son of Setna. 
Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 2.) A.D. 620. Senach Garbh [620.] 
hot of Cluain-ferta, dies. The killing of Aengus, son 
Colman M6r, i.e., King of the Ui-Neill.^ Duncath son 
Eugan,' Nechtan^ son of Canonn, and Aedh, died. 
Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 13.) A.D. 621. The battle of [62L1 
inn-delgden. Conall, son of Suibne, was victor. Two 
Qs of Libran, son of Illandan, son of Cerbhall, were 
dn. Conaing, son of Aedhan,° was drowned : — 

Great bright sea waves, 

[And] the sun, that killed him, 

At his weak wicker skiiF, 

Arrayed themselves against Conaing. 

he death of Maelbracha, son of Kimidh, son of Colman, 
in of Cobthach, and of Ailill, son of Cellach. Battle 
' Lindair." The rest of Coemgin,' of Glenn-da-locha. 
attle of Cenbuigh,' in which Colman, son of Cobthach, 
as slain. Murder of Ailill, son of Cellach. Death of 
olggu, son of Cellach. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat. m. 24.) A.D. 622. The death of [C22.] 
ergna,^ abbot of la. The rest of Mac Laisre," abbot of 



Kt., under the year 622. Skene 
IS published them as they appear in 
igemach, with a translation ; and 
)th text and translation are very 
accurate. (Chron. Picis and Scots, 

69.) 

° Lindair, — Not. identified. 

''Rest of Coemgin. — A marginal 
ate in al. man, in A. adds " secun- 
am alios." St. Kevin's death is 
itered before under the year 617. 

'Battle of Cenbuigh.— the Four 
fast., who record this battle under 
le year 617, write the name of the 



place Ccnn-guhlia (or Cenn-bugJibha), 
which O'Donovan identifies with 
Carabo, in the co. Roscommon. 

° Fergna. — Or, as he is sometimes 
called Fergna Brit, fourth Abbot of 
la. See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 372. 

^"Mac Laisre. — Some old annotator 
wrote the alias name of MacLaisre in 
the margin in A. ; but only the letters 
efsf ... .1. "oaba . . . (Bishop .i. 
Daba. . . .) can be read. Ware com- 
plains that his " proper name is no 
where mentioned.'" (Harris's Ware, 
Vol. i., p 39.) 



94 



CCMUCClCC tllCCt)ll. 



.b. 



cif CCp-D macae, 7 lliiiei abbaT:ir neip.. eocpti5nor;io 
Raco guali la pmcnct mac baeTrain. 

Uogab cene Rait n-juaiti, 

"CaifciT) biiicacan tiaiT)i, 

^f vmn a'op.aiTDac int> uilc 

'Ceni'D iiiyiaic CCeDa btnlc. 

jet. lanairx. (1 p, I. 5.) CCrino -Domim -dc." xx." 111.° 
TTloiir Honain rrnc Colmani,, 7 Colman -prellaen obiiT;, 
7 iU5ulaT;io'Doii'i mic CCexio CCt'D'oain. Maruncaf CCdoiti- 
nani abbaT;ir 1ae. 

1ct. lanai]!. (3p., I. 16.) CCnno iDomini -oc." xx.°iiii.° 
CCTinur <:enebtioruf. CCettan mac Cumtifcais, 7 Colman 
mac Comsellain a-o T)ominum migfiani;, 7 Uonan mac 
■Cuacail, fiecc na n-CCiiwep, 7 ITIongan mac piac[n]ae 
tupgan mojiiunuip: — 

Cann Cluana mpcifi mnm, 
(Xm\\a cetpap, -foia-pfiiaTiac, 
Coyimac [caeiii] piai imocaiti 
Ocuf illann mac pacach. 

1M tiiaf aile 

PofgTuac ino|i "Di cuacbaib, 
TTloTigan mac piacnai LuiigaTi, 
Ocuf Uonan mac "Cuacail. 

TTlae'DOicc peapna quietnc. 
Foi. 23aa "jCt. lanaip. (4 p., I. 27.) CC11110 T)omini -dc" xa;.° u." 



' Rath-Guali. — These lines, which 
are not in B., are written on the top 
marg. of f ol. 22i in A. 

''Roman King of Leinster. In 

the Booh of Leinster (p. 39, col. 2), 
Eonan son of Colman, King of L., is 
stated to have died de rith fola, " of 
the bloody flux." 

^ Celman Stellain. — Abbot of 
Terryglass, co. Tipperary. 

'' Aedh Aldan. — The same as Aedh 



Uaridnach, King of Tara, whose death 
is recorded at the year 611, supra. 

= /a.— I-Columcille. Not in B. 

° Colman, son of Comgellan Clar. 

49 has ' Comgellan mac Colmain,' 
which is an error. Regarding Colman , 
son of Comgellan, see Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. 92, note c. 

' Monc/an, son of Fiachna Lurcjan. 
— In the List of Kings of Dal-Araide 
contained in the Booh of Leinster (p. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



95 



•magh, and of Vineus, abbot of Neir. The destruction 
Eath-Guali by Fiachna, son of Baetan. 

Fire seized Rath-Guali,! 

Save ye a little from it. 

Vehemently the wicked have ignited 

Fire in the Eath of Aedh Bole. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund,, m. 5.) A.D. 623. The death of 
man/ son of Colman ; and Colman Stellain' died ; and 
e murder of Doir, son of Aedh Aldan.'' The birth of 
lamnan, abbot of la.*^ 

Kal Jan. (Tues., m. 16.) a.d. 624. A year of dark- 
ss. Aedhan, son of Cumuscach, and Colman, son of 
)mgellan/ pass to the Lord ; and Eonan, son of Tuathal, 
ing of the Airtbera, and Mongan, son of Fiachna 
irgan/ die. 

The church of Cluain-airthir' to-day — 
Famous the four on 'whom 'twas closed — 
Cormac [the mild], through suffering. 
And Illann son of Fiacha. 



[623.] 



[G24.] 



And the other pair, 
Whom many tribes obeyed — 
Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgan,' 
And Eonan, son of Tuathal. 

aedhoctf" of Ferns rested. 

Kal Jan. (Wed., m, 27.) A.D. 625. 



The battle of [625.] 



I col. 5), the name of Fiacha Lurga 
it is there written) occurs after 
it of Aedh Dubh, whose death is 
,ered under the year 587, svjjra. 
.chna is also in the List of Kings of 
ad in the Book of Le'mater (p. 41, 
.3). 

' Cluain-airlhir. — Dean Eeeves 
nks is the place now called 
igheracloone, in the co. Monaghan. 
eves' Adamnan, p. 373, note i. 



The Irish text of the first of the 
foregoing stanzas (neither of which 
is in B.) is written in the lower 
margin of fol. 23a in A., and the 
second in low. marg. 226, in orig. 
hand. 

° Lurgan. — Oufvsaifi, A. 

^'' Maedhocc. — St. Mogue, as the 
name is now usually written. See 
O'Donovan's Ann, Four Mast., at 
A.D. 624, note p. 



06 



awmla ulccDti. 



belUim Leiclier iTiiT)inD, in quo cecinic picccna uifisan. 

Pmcna mac "Oemnmin inccoji epac Obpefio O01I5 

lucrca a nepooibup lleilL. 

|ct. lanaiji. (5 p. L 9.) CCnno T)omini vc" xoc.° tii.° 

Oellum aji-D-Dcc Co]\panT), "Dciliiicrcai uicco]iep epanu, 

in cfuo ceci'Diu piacna pibuf T)eiTiain. Oellum Caipn 

Pejia-Daig 1 Cliii, ubi paelGe plann Peimin uiccoji epac. 

^uaipe CCi-one piiji^ Conccll mac 1TiaelT)in1j pugic, 7 

cecTOiu pex nepounm Tnaeni : — 

II1 copcaip t)i Connaci:ai5, 
llic atcumm iriD feifip, 
Tnaeltitiin, ITlaeliiuain, TTlaelcalcaic, 
Conall, 1Tlaelt)ub, ITlaelbpefaiL 

llifio quam uidic ■puppeuf pelisiopup epifcopup. 

]CI. lanaip. ((i p-. b- 20.) CCnno •Domini •oc." xx." uii.° 
(rtliap 28°). bellum boilgs luaca, in quo 'Paelan piliup 
Colmam pex Laewen uici;o]i epat;. Oellum Oo^ in quo 
Suibne menn mac piacna uiccop epau, 7 "Domnall mac 
CCex)0 pugic. Occipio 8uibne menn mic piacna mic 
■pepaDaij mic 1TluipeaDai5 mic eo§ain, pi Gpenn, 1 
T^aepp bpeni (.1. la Congal caec mac Qcannlain). paupa 



^ Lethet-Midind.—The Four Mast. 
(an. 622) say that the battle of 
Lethet-SIidind was fought at a place 
called Drung. In the Book of 
Leinster the battle is simply called 
cat ■Diauing, ''battle of Drung," 
(fol. 41, col. 3). Neither place has 
been identified. 

^ Bolg-luatha. — " Sack of Ashes." 
A nickname applied to Crundmael, 
son of Eonan, King of South Leinster 
(or Ui-Cennselaigh), as appears from 
amarginalnote in the Book of Leinster, 
p. 316. He is called Crunnmael 
erbuilg, C. of the big " sack," or 
" belly," in the Ann. Four Mast., at 
650, and " Crunnmael Builg-luatho " 
at the year G4G injra. 



^ Ard-Corann This place is also 

mentioned as battle-ground at the 
years 464, 506, and 510, supra. See 
note' under the year 464. According 
to the Four Mast. (C24) and Chron. 
Scot. (627), this battle of Ard-Corraun 
was gained, and Fiachna slain, by 
Conadh Cerr, king of the Scotch Dal- 
riads (and son of Eochaid Buidhe, son of 
Aedhan, son of Gabhran). The death 
of Gonad Cerr is entered under the 
year 628 infra. 

* Carn-Feradhaigh in Cliu. — Clin 
(or Cliu Mail mic Ugaini, i.e., Cliu 
of Mai son of Ugaini) was the U 
Irish name of a territory in the S.E. 
of the present co. Limerick. Carn- 
Feradhaigh, " Feradach'a Cairn," is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



97 



[626.1 



Lethet-Midind/ in which fell Fiachna Lurgan. Fiachna 
son of Deman was victoi'. The besiegement of Bolo- 
^uatha'^ by the Ui-Neill. ^ 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 9.) a.d. 626. The battle of 
ird-Corann.' The Dalriata were victors ; in which fell 
Fiachna son of Deman. The battle of CJarn-Feradhaigh 
n Cliu/ in which Failbhe Flann of Feimin was victor. 
3uaire Aidhne fled. Conall, son of Maeldubh, fled ; and 
ihe King of Ui-Maini was slain. 

There fell' of the Connaughtmen, 

At Ath-cuma-ind-seisir,^ 

Maelduin, Maelruain, Maelcalcaigli, 

Conall, Maeldubh^ Maelbresail. 
Che vision which Fursa/ the devout bishop, saw. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 20.) A.-o. 627 (alias 28).^ The [C^r.] ms. 
lattle of Bolg-luatha,^ in whict Faelan,'" son of Colnian, 
ting of Leinster, was victor. The battle of Both," in 
\fhich Suibne Menn, son of Fiachna, was victor, and 
)omnall, son of Aedh, fled. The killing of Suibne Menn, 
on of Fiachna (son^- of Feradach, son of Muiredach, son 



iipposed by O'Donovaa to be the 
Id name of Seefin, a hill in the bar. 
f Coshlea, in that county. Four 
fast., A.M. 3656, note g. 
5 There fell. — Ml coiacaiix (" there 
ill not ''), A., which seems a mistake 
irtli cop.caiiT.. The Four Mast, 
xve 7)0 yiocailfi, which is better. 
•^" Ath-cuma-ind-selslr. — The *'ford 
the slaughter of the Six." Not 
entified. The orig. text of these 
les (a fragment of some poem) is 
Ided, in orig. hand, in the lower 
arg. of foL 23a, in A. It is not in 
The account of this battle is 
are fully given in the Ann. Four 
ast. (622), where the names of the 
innaughtmen slain are mentioned 
the prose entry. The Chron. Scot. 
;ount (627) is somewhat confused. 



' Fursa The death of St. Fursa 

is entered at the year 660 infra. 

" Alias 28" Added in very old 

hand in A. Not in B. 

^ Bolg-Juatha — See above under 
the year 625, and under 6i6 infra. 

'"Faelan. — In the list of the Kings 
of Leinster in the Bk. of Leinst. 
(p. 39, col. 2), Faelan, who is stated 
to have reigned 30 years, is called 
•oalca Caemgin, or St. Kevin's 
"foster- son," he having been educated 
by that Saint. 

" Both. — Pronounced Boh. Not 
identified. 

^''Son. — The original of the par- 
enthetic clause, interlined in B., is 
added in an old hand in the margin 
in A. 

H 



98 



aMMttlcc tilcroti. 



Fol. 23(iJ. 



CoUimbam pin baip7)T)aeni, abbacif CLono. lusulacio 
Cutnmeni piln Colmain. tlairccrcio lagen la 'Oomnall. 
T)omnall mac CCeT>a mic CCinmiifieac t^e5na]ae iticipit;. 

let. lanaip. (1 p, 1. 1.) CCnno -Domini ■dc." xx.° win." 
bellum peT)a einn, in quo TTlaelcaic mac Scannail xiex 
C^iuicne uici;o|i -puic, T)al Uiaci ceci7)epunt;. ConiT) 
ceifi|i ifiex T)al Tliaci ceciDic bellum "Ouin cei^iinn 
in quo Gonial caec pugic 7 Tlomnall mac CCe'oo uiccop 
efiar;, in quo ceci-oic guaiiie mac ■popin'oain. Uel bellum 
Pe'DO eum ubi ceciDe]p,unt; tiepocef CCeT>ain, Uigullon 
•paelbae. TTlopf GcDac bui-be pejif picTOfium, pilii 
CCcKam. Sic in libiT.0 Cuanac mueni. Uel fic in libpo 
"DuiBTJalece nayipooup : bellum Lecipbe ev)\\ Ceniul mic 
Gpca 7 Ceniul PepaDaig, in quo TTlaelpupic ceci-oic. 
e-p.naine mac Piacna mczo\i e\iav. 

jet. lanaiji. (2^,1. 12.) CCnno "Domini "dc." cxcc.° ix.° 
bellum Leicipbe inuefi genuf Gujain inuicem, in quo 
TDaelpi^iaic ceciT)ic, 7 bellum TTliT^ani. 'Caepp bpeni 
combupiuuyi, 7 lugulatiio bpan-DUiB mic TnaelecoBo. 

|ct. lanaip. (3 p., I. 23.) CCnno T)omini ■dc" xxx." 
bellum pilii OCilli, 7 mopp Cine-Don piln Lusrpeni 
pejif pici;oifium. 



' Taerr-Breni. — A., B., and Clar. 
49. O'Conor renders it " in regione 
BrefniiK ! " B\it Taerr-Breni should 
be " Traig-Breni " (" strand of Bren "), 
as in the Four Mast., Ckron. Scot., 
Book of Leinster (25a), and other 
authorities. O'Donovan identifies 
Traig-Breni (or Brena) with a strand 
on the shore of Lough Swilly, in the 
bar. of Inishowen, co. Donegal. Four 
Mast., at 623, note n. The place is 
again referred to at the year 629. 

^ Cluain, i.e., Clonmacnoise The 

Four Masters (at 623) write the name 
of Columban Colman Mac Ui Bard- 
dani (" C. son of the descendant of Bar- 



dani "), and add that he was of the 
Dal-Barrdaine. 

' FidJi-eoin — " John's Wood," or 
the " Bu-d's Wood.'' Not identified. 

'' Maekaich His death is entered 

at the year 665 infra. 

' Gonad Cerr See note 3, p. 96, 

supra. 

" Dun- Ceithirmi.—lSovf known as 
the " Giant's Sconce," a Cyclopean 
stone fort on the summit of a hill in 
the par. of Dunhoe, co. Londonderry 

^ RigtdloH [and'] Failbe. — KiguUon 
was the son of Conang, son of Aedan 
Mac Gabhrain; and Failbe son of 
Eochaidh Bnidhe, Conang'8 brother. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



99 



if Eoghan), King of Ireland, in Taerr-breni/ by Congal 
)aech, son of Scanlan. The rest of Columban, son of 
5arrdaeni, abbot of Cluain,'^ JMurder of Cummen, son of 
)olman. The wasting of Leinster by Domnall. Domnall, 
3n of Aedh, son of Ainmire, begins to reign. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 1.) a.d. 628. The battle of 
'idh-eoin/ in which Maelcaich/ son of Scannal, King 
f the Cruithni, wag victor. The Dalriata were slain, 
ionad Cerr,= King of Dah-iata, fell. The battle of Dun- 
teithirnn/ in which Congal Caech fled, and Domnall, 
m of Aedh, was victor ; and in which fell Guaire, son 
I Forindan. Or, the battle of Fidh-eoin,' in which fell 
-edan's grandsons, RiguUon [and] Failbe.' The death of 
ochaidh Buidhe, King of the Picts, the son of Aedan. 
I find in the Book of Cuanu. Or thus' it is related 
L the Book of Dubhdalethe : the battle of Lethirbhe,^ 
stween the Cenel-mic-Erca and the Cenel-Feradaigh, in 
hich Maelflthrich fell. Ernaine, son of Fiachna, was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 12.) a.d. 629, The battle of 



ethirbhe, between the Cinel-Eoghain themselves, in 

hich Maelfithrich fell ; and the battle of Mitan. Taerr- 

■eni'" is burned ; and the killing of Brandubh, son of 

aelcobha. 

Kal. Jaa (Tues., m. 23.) A.D. 630. The battle of 

e son of Alii," and the death of Oined,^^ son of Lugtren, 

ing of the Picts. 



[628.] 



[629.] 



[630.] 



ian'a death is entered at the year 
) supra, and Conang's at 621. 
3onor prints the names of KiguUon 
1 Failbe re guillon Faelbe, and trans- 
!S " a servo Falbi !" 
Or thus. — The orig. of this entry 
ich is in the text in B. (at 628), is 
ed in the margin in A. Clar. 49 
no notice of it. 

LetUrhhe This place has not 

1 identified. 



" Taerr-ireni.—See this place re- 
ferred to at 627, and note there. 

^^ Son of Alii Eadwin, son of 

jElla, King of Northumbria, who was 
slain in a.d. 633, according to the 
Anglo-Sax. Chron. 

'^ Cined (genit. Cinedori). — The 
" Cinioth filius Lutrin " of the Pictish 
Chronicle. See Skene's Chron. Picts 
and Scots, p. 7, eJ passim. 

h2 



100 



aNNala tilcct)!i. 



.b. let. lanaifi. (4 p, I. 4".) CCnno -001111111 "00° xxx.° 1.° 

bellum Cacloen t^ejif binronum 7 CCnppic. Com- 
bufT;io betincoip moeia 111 bpiuannm, 7 lusulacio 
Uonain mic baecain. belUim aco aublo in quo 
ceciT)iT; 'DicuiU mac pepjufa cuile la TTlumain. 
Infola ITIeDsoe-c i:un'Daua eyv. ITIofi ifiuilnan insean 
CCe-oa beannam moficua efc. 

]ct. lanaip. (6 p, I. 15.) CCnno T)omini T)c.° xxx." n." 
bellum 1uT)viif pe^if bpiconum. bellum CCco joan 
1 n-iayirap Lipi, in quo ceciTJiT: Cfiemcann mac CCeTio 
■pilii Senaic fil Lajenopum. 

]ct. lanaifi. (7 p., I. 26.) CCnno T)omini "oc." xxx." 111.° 
lugulacio Tjuoiium piliofium CCe'Sa plane la Con all 
mac Suibne ecc loc Oipeicni ap 'Pfiemuin .1. Congal 
pi bpeg, 7 CCilill cpuiDipe peno^aip pil "Olucaij. 

]ct. lanaip. (1 p., I. 7°.) CCnno "Domini -dc." ccxcc." 1111.° 
Occipio Conaill mic Sui15ne 1 cig mic Nappaic la 
"Diapmaii; mac CCe-oa plane, bellum Cuile coelaen pe 
n-T)iapmaiumac CCe-oa plane, in quoceci-oic TTlaelumai 
mac Oenjuppa. CCecclepia 'Recpann pun-oaca epr. Mix 
magna occiDit; mulrop in campo bpeg. Cfuiep pncain 



' Cathloen Cadwalla. ^Regarding 

tbis king, see Eeeves' Adamnan (notes 
at pp. 13, 14, 16, 34). 

''Anfrith Eanfrith, son of .aithel- 

frith, King of Bernicia. Slain by 
Cadwalla, King of the Britons (in the 
year 634, according to Flm: of Wor- 
cester). 

^ Ath-alla — " Ford of the Apple- 
tree." Not identified. 

* Fergus Tulle. — O'Conor, in his ed. 
of these Annals, separates the epithet 
Tuile (which signifies a ' ' flood ") from 
the proper name Fergus, and prints 
Tulle la mumain, which he translates 
" Inundationes in Momonia !" 

* Inls-Medgoeih — Fame, or Lindis- 
farne (Holy Island), off the coast of 
Northumberland. For evidence as to 



which of these islands is meant, see 
Eeeves' Adamnan, p. 374, note r. The 
Four Mast, have the entry at the 
year 627 ; but the correct date is 635. 

" Mor-Mumhan. _ rDop, Tiiusan, 
A. Tno|iy^tmi5an,B. Mor-Mumhan 
("Mor of Munster") was wife to 
Finghin, King of Munster, ancestor 
of the O'SuUivans. She is described 
as the paragon of the Irishwomen of 
her time, in several old authorities. 
A very curious account of her life 
and adventures is contained in the 
Boole ofLeinsier, p. 274, sq. 

'' Atli-goan in Tarthar Lift. — Ath- 
goan has not been identified. larthar- 
Lifi, or " West of Liffey," was a 
name for that part of the co. Kildare 
lying along theriver LifTey on the west. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



101 



Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 4.) A.D. 631. The battle of [63L] ms 
Cathloen,^ King of the Britons, and of Anfrith.^ The 
burning of Great Bangor, in Britain ; and the killing of 
Konan, son of Baetan. The battle of Ath-abla," in which 
Dichuill, son of Fergus Tuile,* was slain by Munstermen. 
Inis-Medgoeth' was founded. Mor-Mumhan," daughter 
of Aedh Bennan, died. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 15.) A.D. 632. The battle of 
ludris. King of the Britons. The battle of Ath-goan in 
larthar-Lifi,' in which fell Crimthann,^ son of Aedh, son" 
of Senach, King of the Leinstermen. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 26.) A.D. 633. The murder of 
two sons of Aedh Slane, by Conall son of Suibhne, at 
Loch-Treithni on Fremhuin,^" viz. : — Cougal, King of the 
Brega, and Ailill Cruitire,^^ ancestor of Sil-Dluthaigh. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund.,m.7.) A.D. 634. Murder of Conall son [634.] 
of Suibhne, in the house of the son of Nafraech,byDiarmait 
son of Aedh Slaufe. The battle of Cuil-Caelain by Diar- 
mait, son of Aedh Slane, in which fell Maelumai son of 
Oengus.'^ The church of Rechra^^ was founded. A great 
snow killed many in Magh-Bregh. The repose of Fintan" 



[632.J 



[G33.] 



' Cnmthann. — In the list of the 
Kings of Leinater contained in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 39, col. 2), he is 
called " Crimthand Cualand " (" C. of 
Cualand"), and the duration of his 
reign set down as 28 years. The 
death of his predecessor, Ronan son 
of Colman, is given by the Four 
Mast, at 610, and in Chron, Scot. 
under 615. 

^Son. — ptY (piliuip) for plu, 
A.,B. 

'" Loch-Treithni on Fremhuin. — 
Loch-Treithnl (now called Longh- 
Drin, a little to the east of the town of 
Mullingar, co. Westmeath,) is not on 
the hill of Fremhuin (or Frewin), but 
about a mile and a half to the east of it. 



" Ailill Cruitire, i.e., " Ailill the 
Harper.'' 

'^ Oengus. — This was Aengus (or 
Oengus), son of Colman Mdr, whose 
"Jugulatio" is entered at the year 
620 supra. 

^^ Bechra (gen. Rechrann). — Lam- 
bay Island, a few miles to the north 
of Howth, CO. Dublin. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 164, note 6. 

^* Fintan son o/ TefcAfm.— Other- 
wise called Munnu, or Mundu. He 
was the founder of the monastery of 
Tech-Munna, now Taghmon, in the 
county of Wexford. In the Felire of 
Aengus, at his festival (21 October), 
his father, Tulchan (or Telchan), is 
stated to have been a Druid. 



102 



CCMMalCC tiLCCDtl. 



.b, 



Fol. 236a. 



mic "Celcain, 7 eixnaitii mic Cr^ereni. tTlorvr ^aiicnain 
mic poic. Gcuix) lirr iiio'T^ obnt:. bellum Segurre 
in quo ceciDeiiunc locene mac ■Mecuam ceiinpot;ai, 7 
Cumufcac mac CCensufro, 7 SariT:naiz;h mac [pjoich. 

"[ct. lanaip. (2 -p., I. 18.) CCnno -Domini -dc-" ocxoc." u.° 
lusulacio epnani mic pacae qui uicic TTlaelpiciaic 
plium CCe-DO al-ooain, aliap uaipTOnaig, in bello 
leiuip.be, 7 epusacio Capcais tji Uaiuiun in -oiebur 
pafca. 

jet. lanaip. (4 -p., I. 29.) CCnno Tiomini -oc." xxx." 111.° 
bellum Roc 7 bellum Sailcipe in una t)ie pactra 
punc. Conall coel mac TTlaelecobo, pociup T)omnaill, 
uiccoia epac -oe genepe eua^ain in bello Saelcipe, 7 
mopp IPaellSe plamn 'Peimin pegip ITluman. ITluch- 
aucu tlacin paupac. 

let. lanaip. (0 p., I. 10.) CCnno 'Domini t>c.° ococx." 
tin." bellum 51-i""e TTlupepon 7 obpepio Gem. Cponan 
mac tl Loej-oae abbap Cluana mic U Moip obiic. 

Icl. lanaip. (6 p., I. 21.) CCnno "oomini 7)c.° xxx.° 



^Ernaine. — Otherwise called Mer- 
nocc (=Mo-Ernocc). According to 
the Felire of Aengus (18th Aug.), he 
was the founder of the churches of 
Eathnew (co. Wicltlow), and Kil- 
dreenagh) co. Carlow. 

^ Gartnan sm of Foith. — The"Gar- 
nard filius Wid" of the Chron. 
Pictorum. See note " infra. 

^Lis-mor. — TheLismorein Scotland 
is here referred to ; not Lismore, co. 
Waterford. 

* Segvis. — See under the year 501 
supra, note ^. 

'^ ' Cennfota.' — " Long-head." 
' Garimith son of Foith.— This is 
also in B., and in Clar. 49. But it 
is prohahly only a repetition of the 
record of the death of Gartnan son 
of Foith, just given (see note ^), 



as it is not found in Tigemach, nor 
in the Chron. Scot. 

' Vanquished. — See under the year 
629. 

^Flight. — epugacio, A. eppu- 
gacio, B. 'Do lonnaiiba'DTi (" was 
banished"), Four Mast. (631.) 

" Carthach. — Otherwise called 
Mochuta. See note ''' infra. 

'" Raithin. — Eahan, in the bar. of 
Ballycowau, King's co. 

" Battle of Roth — Adamnan writes 
the name Roth {Vit. Columb. iii., 5). 
Better knoivn as the "battle of Magh- 
rath." The place where this famous 
battle was fought is now known as 
Moira, a village in a parish of the 
same name, bar. of Lower Iveagh, co. 
Down. A romantic, but valuable, 
account of the battle has been edited 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



103 



son of Telchan, and of Emalne^ son of Cresen. The death 
of Gartnan son of Foith.' Eochaidh of Lis-mor' died. The 
battle of Seguis/ in which fell Lochene son of Nechtan 
' Cennfota,'^ and Cumuscach son of Aengus,and Gartnaith 
son of Foith.** 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 18.) A.D. 635. The killing of [635.] bis. 
Ernaine son of Fiacha, who vanquished'' Maelfithrich son 
of Aedh Aldan (alias Uairidnach), in the battle of Leth- 
irbhe; and the flight' of Carthach^' from ;Kaithin," at 
Easter-tide. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 29.) A.D. 636. The battle of [636.] 
Koth," and the battle of Saeltirfe, were fought on the 
same day ; Conall Gael, son of Maelcoba, coUeague^^ of 
Domnall, of the Cinel-Eogain, was victor in the battle of 
Saeltirfe; and the death of Fadbhe Flann of Femhin/" 
King of Munster. Mochuta" of Raithin rests. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 10.) A.D. 637. The battle of [637.] 
Glenn-Mureson^' and the siege of Etin.^° Cronan Mac U 
Loeghde, abbot of Clonmacnoise, died. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 21.) A.D. 638. The killing of [638.] 



by O'Donovan, from the Tellow Book 
of Lecan, for the Irish Archieol. Soc. 
(Dublin, 1842.) See Eeevea' Adam- 
nan, p. 200, note n. 

'^ CoUeagm yoanf. ConaU Gael 

(" ConaU the Slender ") waa not the 
colleague of King Domhnall son of 
Aedh in the sovereignty, but of his 
own brother Cellach. See under the 
year 642 infra. 

"Failbhe Flann of Femhin. — For 
the situation of Femhin, see p. 64, 
note '. Failbhe Flann was the an- 
cestor of the powerful Munster sept 
of the MacCarthys. 

" Mochuta.— Vnnchmizv, A. Cor- 
rected to TTloctica in the margin. 
After his " effagatio " from Kahan 
(see notes », '"), St. Mochuta, or 



Carthach, founded a religious estab- 
lishment at Lismore, co. Waterford, 
which subsequently became a bishop's 
see, and was united to that of Water- 
ford, A.D. 1363. Lanigan gives a 
very interesting account of St. Mo- 
chuta. Bed. Eist. of Ireland, vol. 2, 
pp. 350-6. 

'^ Glenn-Mureson — Min. — Dean 
Reeves thinks Glenn-Mureson was 
the name of " a tract in the debate- 
able ground of West Lothian,'' and 
that by Etiu was not meant Edin- 
burgh, as some suppose, but " Cair- 

Eden now 

Carriden, a parish on the Forth, in 
Linlithgowshire." Adamnan, p. 202, 
note. 



104 



ccNNala tiltt'oli. 



um." lusulacio Congaile mic T)uriChaT>a. Obicuf 
"Ouinpcae uxo^aif T)omnaill. bellum Opubal-Di pejif 
Saxonum. Cfiiiep Cfii-oaen i WoeiTDjiuim 7 CCeTJa vw^ 
abbait) Cille Tjayio, epifcopofium. T)obaiffi mac Cui- 
iiiT)e abbaf Leicglinne paufauic nfloiif CCilella mic 
CCexio fioen. Gyiacbai^^ cum tnacpe fua ITTIajicina annip 
.11. iiesnauiT:. 
.b. let. lanaiii. (7 p., I. 2.) CCnno T)OTnini tic" ccxx." ix.° 

bellum Cacpac cinncon. Oenjuf Imc-oana uiccop 
epac. TTlaelTiuin mac CCexia bennain pugic. 

let. lanaip. (2 p., I. 13.) (Xnno ■oomini t)c.° xl." 
TnofiplTlaelui'Diiacaicpesif Opienualium. TTlojap Ofiuix»i 
pilii poiu. T)omnall mac CCe-oa capcpamecacup epc 
1 ii-T>[iuimm lido, tlaupi^asium pcapliae pamiliae 1ae. 
Obpepio Uichae. Combupcio TTlaele'DUiTi in inpola 
Caini. lugulooo maele-ouin mic pepgupa 7 TTlaelG- 
■DUin mic Colmain. 

let. lanaip. (3 p., I. 24.) CCnno nomini tdc." xl.° 1.° 
mopp "Oomnaill mic CCex>o pegip llibepnie in pine 
lanuapi. popT;ea TDomnall bpecc in bello ppaiu 
Caipuin m pine anni in "Decembpi int:eppeccup epc 
ab hoan page OpiT:onum ; annip .xu. pegnauiu. lugu- 



' Domnall. — Domnall soa of Aedh, 
King of Ireland. 

- Saxons, — Oswald "was King of 
the Northumbrians. He was slain 
by Penda, King of the ' Southnm- 
brians,' in the year 6i2, according to 
the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 

^ Nendruim. — Otherwise " Naen- 
druim." Nendrum, or Mahee Island, 
In Strangford Lough. 

"Aedh iiM6/i.— "Black Aedh." 
Originally King of Leinster, which 
position he is stated to have resigned 
in the year 591, afterwards becoming 
abbot of Kildare. His name occurs 
under the form " Aed Cerr " in the 



List of Kings of Leinster contained in 
the Booh of Leinster, p. 39, col. 2. 

* Dolaissi, son of Cu'mid. 1T1 ac 

CuimTjae, A. Dolaissi is a vai'iatiou 
of Molaissi, and Laisren, by either of 
which names the Saint is better 
known. His festival in the Calendar 
is 18 April. In the Booh of Leinster, 
(p. 349, col. 4), and in other old 
authorities, the father of St. Molaissi 
is called Cairill. 

" Eeradas. — ei(tacta|', A., B. 
Apparently Heracleonas, son of the 
Emperor Heraclius. (See under 616) 

' Cathair-Cinncon. — O'Donovau 
says that this was the nfime of a stong 



AIJNALS OF ULSTER. 



105 



^ongal, son of Dunchad. The death of Duinsech, wife of 
)omnall.^ The battle of Oswald, King of the Saxons.^ 
Che repose of Cridan in Nendruim,' and of Aedh Dubh/ 
ibbot of Cill-dara, bishops. Dolaissi, son of Cuinid/ 
kbbot of Leithglinn, rested. Death of Ailill, son of Aedh 
loen. Heraclas," with his mother Martina, reigned two 
/■ears. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 2.) A.D. 639. The battle of [639.] bis. 
Dathair-Cinncon.' Aengus Liathdana was victor. Mael- 
luin, son of Aedh Bennan, fled. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 13.) A.D. 640. Death of [C40.] 
\(Iaelodhar Caech, King of the Airthera. Death of Bruide 
son of Foith.' Domnall, son of Aedh, pitched his camp in 
Druim-Nao. Wreck of a boat of the family of la. 
3iege of Ritha." Burning of Maelduin in Inis-Cain." 
Murder of Maelduin son of Fergus, and of Maelduin son 
Df Colman. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 24.) A.D. 641. The death of [Gil-] 
Domnall, son of Aedh, King of Ireland, in the end of 
January. Domnall Brecc^^ was slain afterwards, at the 
end of the year, in December, in the battle of Srath- 
Caruin^^ (by Hoan,^^ King of the Britons). He reigned 
15 years. The killing of Ailill, son of Colman, King of 



fort near Eockbarton, bar. of Small 
County, CO. Limerick. {Four Mast, 
A.D. 636, note «.) See under the 
year 642 infra. 

^Bruide son of Foith — The 
" Breidei filius Wid " ol the Chron. 
Pictoruvi. 

9 Ritha Not identified. 

" Inis Cain Inishkeen, co. Louth, 

according to O'Donovan {Four Mast., 
AD. 636, note x). 

" Drnnnall Brecc The 11th King 

of the Scotch Dalriada, and son of 
Eochaidh Buidhe (8th King), whose 



obit is given above at the year 628. 
See under 685 infra, where the death 
of Domnall Brecc is again entered, 

'^ Srath- Caruin. — The " Srath " 
(=stratum), or holm, of " Carun." 
Dean Eeeves thinks that this battle 
was fought in the valley of the 
Canon in Stirlingshire. Adamnan, 
p. 203, note. 

" Boan. — Probably the Auln, the 
obit of whose son Domnall, " King of 
Ailcluaite," is recorded under 693 
infra. The orig. of this clause, added 
in the margin in A., is in the text in B. 



106 



KM N alec tilat)!!. 



Icrcto CCilello tnic Colmain, r^e^if senervif loi^airie. 
Foi. 2366. Conranuin«ip ■piliuf Gpaclii imenfibuf -ui. laesnaoiT;. 
bellum Oripu coiTCfia biaiconef. 

fct. lanaip. (i p., I. 5.) OCnno Domini -oc" xV ii.° 
mopr litlaifle pliae 8uibni. Cfiiief Cnonain epvcoip 
■MoinT)riommo. bellum Cinncon. loipcou 1aiannboiT)15 
mic ^atiT^Timu. Celiac 7 Concdl c[a]el, va mac TTlail- 
cobamic CCe-oa mic CCinmiiaec, yiegnape incipiunc uz aln 
■Dicutit:. Confcaiicinuf piliup Confuancini anniip -xoc. 
U111. pegnauic. Ilic 'DiibiT;acup qtnf iiesnauic pope 
T)omnall. "Oicunu aln lupcopiaspaphi pesnappe 1111. 
pe^ep .1. Celiac 7 Conall c[a]el, 7 -duo pilii CCe-oo Slane 
(mic T)iapmaT>a mic pepgupa ceppBeoil mic Conaill 
CpemuaiiTDB mic Weill .ix. giallais) .1. T)iapmaic 7 
blacmac, pep commuxua pejna. 

let. lanaip. (5 p., I. 16.) CCrino tiomiiii "dc" ocl.° 111.° 
lugulariio "Duopum nepocum bogaine .1. ITlaelbpepail 7 
maelanpai€. ■guin ■piainn' aenaig. TTlopp bpepml 
mic Secnapaic. 

]ct. lanaip. (7 p., I. 27.) CCnno ■Domim ■dc." xl.° 1111." 
TTlopp pupuT>pain mic becce niic Coanac pi «a mice 
Uaip. Locem mac pngin pi Cpuiune obiiu. 

let. lanaip. (1 p., I. 8, aliap 9.) CCnno -oomini "dc." 
xl.° u." ^uin Scannail mic becce mic pacpac pegip 
CpuiT^ne. nriac tappe abb benncaip quieuic. 



1 Constantine. — The word impe- 
ivcreoifi is added in the margin in A. 

" Against MS. A. has the ab- 
breviation for " contra," MS. B. that 
for " inter.'' 

3 Britons. — Probably the Britons 
of Strathclyde. This battle is not 
noticed in the Anglo-Sax. Chron. 

^ Uaisle, daughter of Snibhne. — 
The Four Mast. (642), and the 
Cknm. Scot. (641), state that she 
was queen of Faelan, King of Leinster, 



whose obit is given by the F. M. at 
the year 665. 

' Battle of Cenn-con, — Apparently 
an inaccurate repetition of the entry 
under the year 639, where the name 
is more correctly written " Cathair- 
Cinncon." 

» Gartmt. — Evidently the "Gart- 
nan son of Foith," referred to under 
the year 634 supra, O'Conor has 
strangely misunderstood this entry, 
which he prints wrongly, and renders 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



107 



^inel-Loeghaire. Constantine/ son of Heraclius, reigned 
ix months. The battle of Ossa [Oswy] against^ the 
Britons.' 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 5.) a.d. 642. Death of Uaisle, 
laughter of Suibhne.'' The repose of Cronan, bishop of 
S'endruim. The battle of Cenn-con.^ The burning of 
[arnbodb, son of Gartnat.'' Cellach and Conall Gael (i.e., 
;wo sons'" of Maelcoba, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire), 
begin to reign, as others say. Constantine, son of Gon- 
stantine, reigned twenty-eight years. Here it is doubted 
who reigned after Domhnall. Other historiographers 
say that four kings reigned, viz., Cellach and Gonall Gael, 
and the two sons of Aedh Slane (son of Diarmait,' son of 
Fergus Oerrbheoil, son of Gonall Gremthainn, son of 
NiaU Nine-hostager), viz. : — Diarmait and Blathmac, in 
joint sovereignty. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 16.) a.d. 643. Murder of two 
grandsons of Boghaine, viz. : — Maelbresail and Maelan- 
faith. The killing of Flann Aenaigh. The death of 
Bresal, son of Sechnasach. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 27.) A.D. 644. Death of Furu- 
dran, son of Becc,^ son of Guanu, King of Ui-Mic-TJais. 
Locheni, son of Fingin, King of the Gruithni," died. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 8, alias 9.) A.D. 645. The 
wounding of Scannal, son of Becc, son of Fiachra, King 
of the Gruithni." Mac Lasre, abbot of Bangor, rested. 



[642.] 



[643.] 



[644.] 



[645.] 



by " Comburitur postea propter boves 
filii Garthnat ! " 

^ Sons. — The orig. of this clause, 
added in al man. in the margin in 
A., is not in B., nor in Clar. 49. 

^ Son of Diarmait — The orig. of 
this clause, which also is neither in 
B. nor in Clar. 49, is interlined in 
A. 

^ Becc. This person was slain in 

the battle of Dun-bolg, along with 



King Aedh, son of Ainmire. See 
above, at the year 597. 

'" Cruithni. — These were the 
Cruithni (or Picts) of Ireland. Skene 
thought the Picts of Scotland were 
meant, as he has included these two 
entries in the extracts regarding 
Scotch events, taken by him from 
these Annals. Chron. Picts and Scots, 
(p. 348). See Reeves Adamnan, p. 94, 
note h, and Todd's Irish Nenrtius, 
Add. Notes, p. xlvii. 



108 



ccNNalcc nlaroh. 



]ct. lanaifi. (2 -p., I. 19, aliap 20.) CCnno "Domini 
■DC." xV 111." maelcoT5o mac "Piacna lusulacuf e^c, 
\iex tlloc. T)unca€ aue Uonain lusulacup. bellum 
Colsan mic Ciiunnmael builss luaw 1115 huae Ceinn- 
Tpelaig. 
•t*- let. lanaiji. (3 p., I. 30, aliap 1.) CCnno -Domini T)c.° 

ccl.° t]ii.° ■pujifu cpaiCT)ec obnc. 

let. lanaip. (5 p., I. 11, atiaf 12.) CCnno "Doniini 
•DC." ccl.° tiiii." ^uin RagaLlais mic htlaTrac fiig Con- 
Fo].2iaa. nacht;. bellum Caifinn ConaiU iibi ^uaipe pugiu, 7 
"Oiayimaii; tiiccop, epac, mac CX;e-DO flame. TTloiip 
Oen^Ufa bfionbaclae tiegif Ceniuil Coijapfii. Cocac 
huae n-CCe'Dain 7 ^ajTCnaifi mic CCccmain. Cfuiep 
Pufifi in bafifiuna. 

jet. lanaip. (6 p., I. 22, aliap 23.) CCnno 7)omini 
T)C.° xl.° ix.° bellum Oppu ppi pance. bellum T)Uin 
Cpaumcain in quo ceciDir; Oengup mac "Oomnaill. 
pi 111 TTIaelcoBa uiccopep epani; .1. Ceallac 7 Conall 
c[a]el. TTlopp Ca^upaig mic T)omnaill bpicc TTlopp 
Cjionain maigi bile, hoc anno be-oa nacup epc. 

let. lanaip. (7 p., I. 3, aliap 4.) CCnno "oomini 7)0.° 
l.° Cfuiep CCe-oain epipcopi Saxonum 7 lugulacio 
■Duopum piliopum blaimicc mic CCeuo plane .1. T)un- 
chaT) 7 Conall. 



' Crunnmml Bolg-luatha. — Men- 
tioned by his epithet " Bolg-luatha '' 
under 625 and 627 supra, ivliere see 
notes. Tlie death of a " Cruonoiael 
Erbuilg" King of the Leinstermeu, is 
entered infra, at the year 655, who 
seems to be the same person, Erbuilg 
(of the "big sack " or " belly") being 
probably a variation of the epithet 
Bolg-luatha. 

^ Fursa Eepeated under the next 

year. 

^ Guaire. — Gualre Aidline, King of 



Connaught, whose obit is given by 
the Four Mast. , and also infra, at a.d. 
662. On the lower margin of MS. A., 
fol. 236, four stanzas in Irish are 
written (which are not in B.), without 
any sign to indicate where they should 
be introduced into the text, if they 
were intended to be sointroduced. The 
three first are ascribed to Cumeni, and 
the fourth to Guaire. But as they are 
somewhat corrupt, and contain no his- 
torical fact, it has not been considered 
necessary to reproduce them here. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEll. 



109 



Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 19, alias 20.) A.D. G46. Mael- [646.] 
lobha, son of Fiachna, King of Ulad, was slain. Dun- 
:ath, descendant of Ronan, slain. The battle of Colgu, 
on of Crunnmael Bolg-luatha/ King of the Ui-Ceinn- 
lelaigh. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 30, alias 1.) A.D. 647. Fursa' [647.] bis. 
■he Pious died. 

Kal. Jan, (Thurs., m. 11, alias 12.) a.d. 648. The [G48.] 
tilling of Raghallach, son of Uada, King of Connaught. 
['he battle of Carn-Conaill, where Guaire" fled, and 
Jiarmait, son of Aedh Slane, was victor. The death of 
3engus Bron-bachaV King of Cinel-Coirpri. The war of 
;he descendants of Aedan,'' and of Gartnat son of Accidan. 
The repose of Fursa° in Peronne. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 22, alias 23.) A.D. 649. The [649.] 
jattle of Ossu [Oswiu] against Pante [Penda]. The 
jattle of Dun-Cremtain, in which fell Oengus son of 
Domnall. The sons of Maelcobha were victors, viz. : — 
ZJellach and Conall Gael. The death of Cathasach, son of 
Domnall Brecc.'' Death of Cronan of Magh-bilfe. In this 
(T^ear Bede was born^- 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 3, alias 4.) A.D. 650. The [650.] 
repose of Aedan, bishop of the Saxons; and the killing 
3f two sons of Bla[th]inacc, son of Aedh Slane, viz. : — 
Dunchad and Conall. 



* Oengus Bron-hachal. — The " Oin- 
gusius cujus cogDomentum Bronba- 
chal" of Adamnan (i., 13). See 
Keeves' ed., p. 41, note a. 

^ Aedan. — Aedan son of Gabran, 
King of the Scotch Dalriads, whose 
death is recorded at the j-ear 605 
mpra. 

* Fnrsa. — His death is entered 
under the previous j'ear, and also at 



6C0 infra. The ' Vision ' of St. Fursa 
is entered above under the year 626. 

''Domnall i?7'ecc.--" Domnall the 
speckled," King of Dalriada in Scot- 
land, whose death is recorded above 
at the year 641, and again, by a 
great mistalje, under 685. 

' Born This entry is added in at 

man. in A. B. has merely naciuica-p 
beTje. See under the year 653 infra. 



110 ccNMalcc ula'Dti. 

blatniac mac CCetia, in V-h 
Rue a mac a^i "01511 ; 
bel^a1'D tiifu a -oa mac 
1na -Digatl a\i blacmac. 

ITlaelo-Djxan cecinic. 

CC muilinn, 

Ce p-o milc mojx v\ cmiainn, 
II1 bo comailc ipaix reribaiin 
[CC] 110 mile ipop, uiB Cei\Baill. 

CCn men meilef in mtiilini), 
II1 coiica aclic ■Defiscuii'iin^ ; 
If Til poglu in cifiuinn maiyi 
pota mtiilinT) TTlaelo'Diaain. 

jet. lanaip. (1. V-, ^- 1^' «^i«r '^^■) CCnno -Domini 
T)C.°l.''i.° Obicuf Sejem abaT:if lae .1. pilii Pacnae, 
7 quief CC1X1I050 mic Camam ccbcrcif Cluccna mic Woif, 
7 T)0|iniiT;crcio Tllancheni abbacip meno-Diiocic. Imcn- 
picc Cule coyipe in quo ceciT)ic Ciilene mac •popin-oain. 
maelTjeich 7 Oncu inCTOiier epanu. 

let. 1 anal p. (3 -p., I. 25, aliaf 26.) CCnno -oomini 
T)C.° l.° ii." (aliaf 3°). ITloiaf peiiic mic 'CocoLain, 7 
"ColaitiB mic ipooi^ pe^if piccopum. UigulaTrio Conaill 



' Blatlmac.—The original of tliis 
stanza is written on the lower margin 
of fol. 226 in A.; but it seems to 
belong to this place. It is not in B. 

2 0, mill. — CC mviitiTiti. These 
words should be repeated, to complete 
the line, according to a practice 
frequently followed by Irish Poets. 
In the' Ami. Four Mast. (647), the 
authorship of these verses is ascribed 
to Maelodran. But in a curious 
account of the catastrophe, and the 
cause thereof, contained in the MS. 
Kawlinson, B. 502, Bodleian Lib. 



(fol. 73, i 2), the composition is 
attributed to Ultan (i.e., St. Ultan of 
Ardbrackau). In this account, three 
persons are stated to haye been killed, 
viz.: — Dunchad, Conall, and Maelo- 
dhar, who are represented as the sons 
of Diarmait MacCerbhaill (si. 5(54 
supra). But this last statement must 
be an error. The event 13 thus re- 
ferred to in Mageoghegan's Transl. of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, at tlie 
year 648. " The two sons of Hugh 
Slane, Donogh and Conell, were killed 
by the Lynstermen, near MoUingar, 



ANNALS OF ULSTEK. 



Ill 



Blathmac,! son of Aodh, the King, 

Gave liis sons for 

Jesus shall take Ms two sons 

From Blathmac, in revenge therefor. 

Maelodran sang : — 

O, mill,» 

Though much of wheat thou didst grind, 

It was not the grinding of oats 

Thou didst grind on Cerbhall's descendants. 

The stuff which the mill grinds 
Is not oats but red wheat. 
Of the saplings of the great tree 
Is the ' feed ' of Maelodrain's mill. 

be killing of Oissen son of Osirg.'' 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 14, alias 15.) a.d. 651. Death [651.] bis. 
Segene, abbot of la, i.e., son of Fiachna ; and the repose 
Aedlug, son of Caman, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois ; and 
e falling asleep of Manchen, abbot of Menadrochit.'' The 
nflict of Cul-corra,' in which Culene," son of Forindan, 
as slain. Maeldeich and Onchu were victors. 
Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 25, alias 26.) a.d. 652 (alias 653). [^52.] 
le death of Ferith son of Totholan, and of Tolarg son 
Foith,'' King of the Picts. The murder of Conall 



the mill of Oran, called Mollen- 
an." See O'Donov. Four Mast., 
). 647, note d. 

' Gissen son of OUirg. — Oswine, 
1 of Osric, King of Deira from 6i7 

651, wheu he was slain. See 
glo-Sax. Chron., and Bede's Eccl. 
St , III., 14. 

' Menadrochit. — Now Mondrehid, 
•ish of Offerlane, in the Queen's co. 

Cul-corra, — The " recess of the 
ir." O'Donoran states that this 
06 is now known as Coolarn, near 
[trim, CO. Meath. 



" C'ulene. — It is stated in the Ann. 
Four Mast. (648), and Chron. Scot, 
(649), that Culene was King of Ui- 
Failghe, or Offaly. 

' Tolarg son oj Foitli. — Foith is 
the form in which the Irish writers 
generally represent the " Wid " of the 
Pictish Chronicle, in which the name 
of Talorc (for Tolarg) appears after the 
names of " Garnard filius Wid," and 
" Breidei filius Wid," with the addition 
" frater eoruni." See Skene's Chron. 
Picts and Scots, p. 7. 



112 



aw N aloe tila"Dli. 



Fol. 2iab. 



call, bellum Connachc in quo ceciT)ic ma]acan filuip 
■Comaini. 

"jet. 1anai|i. (4 p., I. C, almp 7.) CCnno Tioniini t>c.° 
l." 111." lusiilacio Conaill mic TTIoelocoBa .i. la 
"OiapmuiT) mac CCe-ba flane. Colman eppcop mace t1 
T)elT)Ui15, 7 Oppene pora, tduo abbacep CLuano ipaipD-o, 
obiepuiiT:. T)uc1niae locpae abb ■pepnann quieuii;. 
lusulacio pepj;irppo mic T)omiiaiU, 7 ■pepjHppo mic 
Rofeaillnis, 7 CCeno hevy-h 7 Cummeni. bellum Spaco 
eoaipc ubi T)unca€ mac Conams ceciDir. [ITIopp] 
CCeT)0 pom mic TTlaelcoljo. beT)a hoc anno nacup epu. 
let. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini -dc." l." 1111.° Mem mac 
liui bipn pau pal- 
let, lanaip. CCnno -Dommi -dc." l.° u." bellum 
Cumapcaij mic CCilello in quo ceciTiic. Cpunnmael 
niac Suibne uiccop epar. bellum panre pepp 
Saxonum. Oppu uiccop epai:. bellum CCnnae. TTlopp 



' Conall Cad. — Joint-King of Ire- 
land. See under the next year. 

^ Marcan. — It is stated b}^ the 
Fom' Mast. (C49), and the Cliron. 
Scot. (G50), that Matcan was chief of 
Ui-Maine (Hy-Many). 

2 Conall— The Conall Gael who 
shared the sovereignty of Ireland with 
his brother Cellach. Their accession 
is entered at the year G42 supra. 
The Four Masters give Conall's death 
under the year 65G, the same year in 
which they have his brother Cellach's 
obit. See Chron. Scot, p. 92, note 6, 
and infra, under the year G57. 

* By — The original of this clause 
is added bj' way of gloss in A. and B. 
It is not in Clar. 49. 

^ Mac-m-Tdduibh.— 'Both of "Ua 
Telduibh " (" descendant of Teldubh,") 
"DetTiuilJ in orig. texts. 



° Duclma Indira. — Duchua (or 
Dachua) of " Luachair." Also called 
Mochua and Cronan. His festival is 
given as 22nd June in the Calendar, 
at which date the Martyr. Donegal 
has *' Cronan, that is Mochua of 
Luachair, Abbot of Fearna (Ferns, 
CO. Wexford "). 

^ Aedh Bedrl — Cummen. — The 
Four Masters (C49), and the Chron. 
Scot. (G51), state that Aedh Bedri 
(or Beathra) was the son of Cummen. 

' Srath-Ethairt. — The Srath (or 
)S'frca(7i=stratum),or "holm," of Ethart. 
Not identified. Dean Reeves thinks 
it was the name of a place in Perth- 
shire. Adamnan, p. 37.5, note u. 
The record of this battle is more fully 
given in the Chron. Scot., at the year 
C51. 

° Conanr/. — The Conang, son of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



113 



el,' The battle of Connaught, in which fell Marcan/ the 

1 of Tomain. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 6, alias 7.) A.D. 653. The [65S.] 

lling of Conall/ son of Maelcobha, i.e., by' Diarmait, 

n of Aedh Slane. Bishop Colman Mac-Ui-Telduibh,'' and 

sene Fota, two abbots of Cluain-Iraird, died. Duchua 

ichra/ abbot of Ferns, rested. The killing of Fergus, 

1 of Domnall, and of Fergus, son of Rogaillnech, and of 

idh Bedri,' and of Cummen.'' The battle of Srath- 

hairt,^ in which Duncath, son of Conang,' was slain. 

he death] of Aedh Roin, son of Maelcobha. Beda^° was 

rn in this year. 

Kal. Jan. A,D. 65 1. Nem Mac-Ui-Birn'' rests. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 65-5. The battle of Cumascach^- son of rc54-l 

111], in which he fell. Crunnmael son of Suibhne was [C55.] 

jtor. Battle of Pante,'^ King of the Saxons. Ossu" 

is victor. Battle of Anna.''^ The death of Crunnmael 

builc,"' son of Ronan, King of the Leiustermen. Tlae 



;lhan, whose death by drowning is 
ered under the year G2 1 supra. 
" Beda. — This entry is added in al. 
n. in A. B. has Ueh hic naciui- 
p beTje. The birth o£ Bede is 
) recorded at the year G49 supra. 

' Aem Mac- Ui-Birn ' ' Nem, son 

the descendant of Birn." O'Conor 
y inaccurately prints the name 
[n mc hul Ibirubir ! The Four 
'.sters state (G54) that Nem was a 
cessor of Enne of Ara. (St. Enna, 
linda, of Aranmore Island, in Gal- 
y Baj-). Nem's day in the Calen- 

is June 14. 

2 Battle of Cumascach. — The Four 
.St. (650) call this the battle of 
scach, and add that Cumascach, 

of Ailill, was Chief of Ui Cremh- 
inn. The site (Flescach) has not 
n identified. By " battle of Cumas- 



cach," the Annalist meant that it was 
a battle in which Cumascach was 
slain. There are numerous examples of 
this practice throughout these Annals. 

" Battle of Pante (i.e., Panda). — 
This is one of the examples refeiTed to 
in the last note. Penda was slain in 
the battle of Widwinfleld (Wingfield), 
in the year 655, according to the 
Anfjlo-Sax. Chron. 

^^ Ossu Oswiu, King of the North- 
umbrians, whose death is entered in 
the Anglo-Sax. Chron. at the year 
670. 

" Battle of Anna. — By this is meant 
that Anna (King of the East Angles) 
was slain in a battle. The Anglo- 
Sax. Chron. has Anna's death under 
the year G54. See note ". 

" Crunnmael Erhuilc. — See at the 
year C4G snpra. 



114 



CCMMttlCC UlCCOll. 



Cpunnmael ej^builc mic Uonain iiepf Laj^enenfiunn. 
TTlopf Tnaelaiccem 'Cipe -oa glaf. 'gHii'i Rasallmch 
mic 1107)06 ifii5 Connachc. tiel hic ■pupfa fecumDum 
aliof. TDocoerfios teicli moip. quietnc. 

let. lanaifi. (1 p., I. cc.) CCnno -oomini ■oc." l.° m." 
Obicuf Siibm mic Cupriai abbatJif 1ae, 7 tllcain mic 
U Cboncobaifi. belUim "Oeleiro in quo iTit;epi:ecr;ui^ 
Gfc TTlael'Deiifi mac ConaiU. TDopf "Colafisain mic 
CCnippi-c laepf piccopum. ITIoiif Cellcem Louiii. Ojaca 
efc uacca iltacfius bjiiuin que .1111. uiculof pepeyiic. 

let. lanaip. (2 p., I. 21.) CCtino -oomini 7)c.° l.° «ii.° 
niopf Ceallccis mic TTlaelecol^o, 7 Celtaig mic Papain 
(no Tlonain), 7 Pmcpac xrelnam, 7 btaicmicc mic 
Tlonain mic Cotuimb. fnoiaf ^upeio pegip CCtoctua^e, 
■pepgaitequepitii 'Oomnailt. Uentiupmasnup. 'Comain 
mac 'Caiceni mopiz^up. 

let. lanaip. (3 p., I. 2.) CCnno TDomini t»c.° fuin." 
"Oimma nigep eppcop ConT)ipe, 7 Cummeni eppcop 
■Ncten'opoma; 7 'Dunca'b mac CCexio ptane, mopcui punt:, 
7 iU5UtaT:io OpcDoic mic Secnupaij 7 Concenn mic 
Lai'Dgnein 7 'pto'DUbuip pex Ppancopum, 



' Raghallach. — The killing of Eag- 
hallach is entered also above at the 
year 648. This and the two following 
entries, added in al man. in A. , are 
in the text in B. 

^ Fursa. — The death of St. Fursa 
is entered above, under the years 646 
and 647. O'Conor prints frosa for 
Fursa, and translates " Pluvia mira- 
bilis"! But his own blunder is more 
wonderful. This entry is not in Clar.49. 

^ Mac- Ui-Conchohair. — " Son of 
the descendant of Conchobar." See 
O'Donovan's F. 2Iast., at 656, note d, 
Martyrology of Donegal, at Septem- 
ber 4th, and under 662 infra. 

* Delend. — This is in the genit. 
form. The nomin. form should pro- 
bably be Deliu. O'Donovan thinks 



that Delenn may be Telenn, in the 
west of the co. Donegal, Foiir Mast., 
A.D. 654, note a. 

'^ Maeldeith son of Conall. — The 
Four Masters (654) and the Chron. 
Scot. (653) have " Maeldoid son of 
Conaing"; to which the latter autho- 
rity adds "or of Conall." 

" Tolargan son of Anfrith The 

" Talorcen Alius Enfret " of the Pic- 
tish Chron. 

'' Lothra Lorrha, in the bar. of 

Lower Ormond, co. Tipperary. 

^ Lathrach-Briuin. — Now Laragh- 
bryan, bar. of North Salt, co. Kildare. 
This prodigy is noticed in the Book 
of Leinster (p. 25, col. 1), thus:^ 
"Vacca quatuor vitulos in una die 
peperit." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



115 



of 



ath of Maelaiohthen of Tir-da-glas. The killing 
ighallach' son of Uada, King of Connaught. Or, in 
is year [the death of] Fursa/ according to others, 
achaemhog of Liath-mor rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Simd., m. 10.) a.d. 656. The death of 
libne, son of Curthri, abbot of la, and of Ultan Mac-Ui- 
(nchobair.^ The battle of Delend," in which Maeldeith 
a of ConalP was slain. Death of Tolargan, son of 
ifrith," King of the Picts. Death of Cellcen of Lothra.' 
lere appeared a cow at Lathrach-Briuin," which calved 
IV calves. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 21.) a.d. 657. Death of Cel- 
ih" son of Maelcobha, and of Cellach, son of Saran (or 
man)," and of Fiachra Telnan, and of Blathmac, son of 
)nan, son of Columb." Death of Guret, King of Al- 
uathe,^- and of FergaP" son of Domnall. A great storm. 
)main, son of Taithen, dies. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 2.) a.d. 658. Dimma Dubh,^^ 
jhop of Connor, and Cummeni, bishop of Naendruim, 
d Dunchadh son of Aedh Slane, died ; and the slaying 
Orcdoith son of Sechnasach, and of Concenn son of 
idgnen, and of Flodubur^^ King of the Franks. 



[656.J 



[657.] 



[658.] 



Cellach. — King of Ireland con- 
itly with his brother Conall, whose 
,th is entered above at the year 

(where see note),and again at 663. 
" Or Ronan. — This is the name in 

But the Four Mast, say that 
lUach was son of Saran, and abbot 
Othan-radr, now Fahan, bar. of 
ihowen, co. Donegal. 
' Cotom5.— " Colman," Clar. id. 
'Al-Chathe, genit. form Alo- 
athe. — The Petra Cloithe of 
imnan (ii., 1 5). Now Dumbarton 
Icotland. See Eeeves' Adamnan, 
43, ii, and at the years 693, 721, 

and 869, infra. 
'And of Fergal.—^6ii,sayle Cfue, 



a curious combination of Fergaih, the 
genit. case of the name Fergal, and 
the Lat. conjunction que. 

"Subh. — The "black." Latinized 
niger in the origl. texts. But Dimma 
is better known to the student of 
Eccl. History as Dimma Dubh. 

^^ Floduhw. — pio-DubuiiT,, in the 
genit. case, in A. and B. (although 
O'Conor prints " Clodubuir [Clodo- 
vsei.]" The date of the entry might 
probably indicate that Clovis II. (ob. 
655) was meant, rather than his son, 
Clothair III. (ob. 670.) But an 
Irish writer would be more likelj' to 
represent Clothair than Clovis by the 
form in the text. 

i2 



116 



CCNNalCC ulccoli. 



b. 



Fol. 246a 



let. lanaip. (4 p., l- 13.) CCiino TDomim -oc" 1-° ix.^ 
Obictif pnnani epifcopi pibi Tlime'DO, 7 Colman 
glinne -oa loco qiiieuic, 7 T)c(niel epifcopuf Cinnsa- 
po'D. mojif ecT)ac mic blai^micc. Conall cpan- 
namna mopicup. euganan mac 'Cochalain "Depunccuip 
efc. 

let. lanaip. dnno -00011111 nc" Ix." 'Commene (.1. 
mac Ronain) eppcop CCpD macae, 7 Conainn iiepop 
"OaiiTC abb imleco Ibaip., 7 laTDfeSen fopienp mac 
bai^bannai^, -oepuncci func 'Pupru in peiiiauna pau- 

let. lanaip. CCnno -Domini -oc." Ice." 1.° Cummeni 
lon^up (Ixxii." atino eracipfue qui euii;) 7 Saltan nepof 
Ci"iit;ain, papieiTCCf, -DOiimiepunc beltum Ogomain 
ubi ceci'Depunc Conaiii^ mac Con^aile, 7 Ulran mac 
Gpnaine pex Cianachoe, 7 Cennpaelat) mac Sep-ci-De. 
blamac mac CCex)0 uiccup epc, ipocuip "Oiapma-Da. 
1TlaelT)tiin mac ■ptipuT)pain mic becce mopciuip efv. 
TTIaenac mac pnsini (mic CCe-ba ■oiiib mic Cpimcainn 



^Finnan. — The Finan who snc- 
ceeJed St. Aedan (ob. 050, snprd), in 
Lindisfarne, and who was himself 
succeeded by Colman. See Bede's 
Eccl. Bist, Book III., chap. 25. His 
day in the Calendar is variously given 
as Jan. 8th and Jan. 9th. Neither 
O'Donovan at Four Mast., A. p. 659), 
nor Ussher (Index Chron. , at the years 
G51, 061), seems to have perceived the 
identity of this Finan with the suc- 
cessor of St. Aedan. 

^ Colman His obit is recorded in 

Ann Fonr Mast., under 659, where 
it is stated that ho died on December 
2. But his festival is given in the 
jtfarti/r. of Donegal, as Dec. 13. 

* Cenngaradh. — Kingarth, in Bute. 
The Martyr, cf Donegal gives his 
festival as Feb. 18. 

' Conall Crannamna,— Son of Eo- 



chaidh Buidhe, son of Aedan, and 
12th King of the Scotch Dalriads. 

^ Totholan.-- The name is other- 
wise written Tuathalan, and is d 
diminutive of the name Tnathal. 
This is the last entry on fol. 24a of 
WS. A., on the npper margin of which 
a stanza in Irish is written, and two 
on the lower margin, without any 
marks to indicate the place in the 
text where they should be introduced. 
It is doubtful if they have any parti- 
cular connection with the text a tall, as 
they do not occur inMS. B.,norinClar. 
49. {They do not seem worth printing. 
"TJoiMM, — This clause, added by 

way of gloss in al. man. in A., is not 

in B. or Clar. 49. 

' Conainn Ua Daint. — " Conainn 

descendant of Dant." The Latin 

equivalent for Ua (nepos) is written 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



117 



Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 1.3.) A.D. G59. The death of [659.] bis. 
Jishop Finnan/ son of Kimid ; and Colman^ of Glenn-da- 
3cha rested, and Daniel, bishop of Cenngaradh." Death 
if Eochaidh, son of Blathniac. Conali Crannamna* dies. 
Suganan, son of Tothalan," died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 660. Tommene (i.e., son of Eonan "), [G60.] 
)ishop of Armagh, and Conainn Ua Daint,'' abbot of 
mlech-Ibair, and Laidhggen the Wise, son of Baeth- 
)annach, died. Fursa rested in Peronne." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 661. Cummeni the TaiP (in the 72nd [6CL] 
/■ear" of his age he rested) and Saran Ua Critain," sages, 
'ell asleep. The battle of Ogoman,^^ in which fell Conaing 
ion of Congal, and Ultan, son of Ernaine, King of 
IJianachta, and Cennfaeladh son of Gerthide.^' Bla[th]mac 
ion of Aedh, Diarmaid's colleague," was vanquished, 
tfaelduin, son of Furudran, son of Becc, died. Maenach, 
5on of Finghin (son'' of Aedh Dubh, son of Crimthann,son 



lepotis in A. and B., but nepos in 
Dlar. i9. For the name " Conainn," 
the Four Mast, and Cliron. Scot. 
[657) have " Conaing." 

'/« Peronne In peyi^una, A. 

In prtina, B. Clar. 49 has "in 
prisona," although O'Conor states 
[note 2, ad. an.) that this MS. reads 
■' in propria persona !" The death of 
St. Fursa is noticed above under the 
years 646 and 647. The present 
jntry is added in al. man. in A. But 
it is part of the original text in B. 

'The Tall Theorig. ofthis clause, 

idded in al. man. in A., is part of the 
;ext in B. lonsuy, MSS. 

"/re the 72nd year — The birth of 
3 1. Cummeni the Tall, or Cummen/oire 
;' long," " tall "), is entered at the 
j'ear 591 supra. Much curious infor- 
nation regarding the alleged in- 
jestuous origin, and history, of St. 
[Cummeni Fo!a has been published by 



Dr. Todd. See Book of Hymns^ pt. 
I., pp. 81-93. 

" Saran Ua Critaln " Saran de- 
scendant (nepos) of Critan." St. 
Saran is patron of Tisaran, in the bar. 
of Garrycastle, King's co. 

" Ogoman.— The Four Mast. (660) 
add that Ogaman was oc cinn coiT,- 
ba'oain, "at Cenn Corbadan ;" but 
neither place has been identified. See 
note '*. 

" Gerthide. — See under the year 
503, supra. 

^^ Diarmaid^s colleague, — ipociur 
"DmyimaTia. The battle of Ogoman 
seems to have been fought between 
the two brothers, Diarmaid and 
Blathmac (sons of Aedh Slaini5), who 
were Joint-Kings of Ireland at this 
time, and whose death is entered 
under the j'ear 664 infra. 

^^ Son, &c. — The original of this 
clause is interlined in A. and B. 



118 



cciincclcc ularoti. 



line pei'DLimi'D mic CCenstifa mic NccDpiaaich), \iex 
ITluman, iTiopT;uuf efc 1u5UlaT;io TDaelepuauctis 
piln Gimani. Scarinlan abb Ltijmaix) quietnc. 

jet. lanctni. (1 -p., L 16.) CCnno -Domini -dc" Ix." 11.° 
Cfuief Segmn mic 11 Clnnnx) abb benncoiii, 7 mopf 
Suaifie CCixine. 1ii^iilaT:io T)tioiaum pliopuin "Domnaill 
pilii CCef)0 .1. Conalb 7 C0I5U. ITloiif ^ap^nai'D pin 
TDomnaill, 7 "Domnaill mic To^olain. ITlojif 'Cuarail 
mic TTI 0)1501 nu "Cuenos piliiif pnncin abb 'Pepnann- 
liToeiicac epifcopujp, T)ima epifcopup, cfuiefceiaunc. 
UlT^aii mac U Chonculjaifi quieuiT: fecuiroum alnim 
libiium. 
•b. let. lanaiii. (2 p, I. 27.) CCnno -Domini t)C.° Lx." in." 

'Ce[ne]bpae in ]cb. ITlaii in nona hopa, 7 in ea'oeni 
aefca^e coeUim ap'oepe uipum efc. TTloficalicaf in 
ilibepniam pejiuenic in Ict. CCujufci. bellum Lu€o 
peipnn .1. 1 ■popT:pinn. IDoiaf Cepnaig pi In "Diayima-co 
mic CCe-DO -plane mic "Diajima'Da cefipbeoil mic Conaill 
c|iem€ainne, ec cepipemouiip in bfiiT;cania, 7 Comgan 
mac U 'Ceitfine, 7 beyiac ab benncaip. baet;an mace 
11 Copmaicc abb Cluano obi it:. In campo Ico ■pocapic 
exayific mopt:aliT;ap p^iimo in llibejinia. CC mopce 
Pacyiicii cc.a .111. pifiima mojicalicap .cxn. Ceallac 
macTTlaeilecoBa moyiictiii hie fecun-oum alium libjium. 



' Segain Mac-Ui-Chuind — "Segain, 
son of Cond's descendant." His name 
is written " Seighiu" in the Martyr, 
of Donegal, where his festival is 
given at Septemher ] 0. 

^ Guaire Aidhne. — King of Con- 
naught, celebrated for his hospitalitj'. 
He is mentioned at the years 626 and 
648 supra; and his obit is again 
entered under the year 665 infra. 

^ Domnall, son of Aedh. — King of 
Ireland. His obit is entered above 
under the year 641. 

* Gartnaidh. — A Pictish king. The 



" Gartnait Alius Donnel " of the 
Pictish Chronicle. 

^Finntin — Fintain (gen. of Fintan), 
Four Mast. (662). 

" Indercach This name seems 

comp. of in (the defin. article in Irish) 
and dercach (" charitable "). 

' Ullan. — See above, at the year 
656. This entry, added in al. man. 
in A., is in the original text in B. 

' Luthfelrnn, i.e. , in Fortrenn 

Luth-feirnn has not been identified. 
Fortrenn was " one of the seven pro- 
vinces of the Picts, and lay to the 
west of the River Tay," according to 



ANiSTALS OF ULSTER. 



119 



[662.] 



3f Fedhlimidh, son of Aengus, son of Nadfraech), King of 
Munster, died. The slaying of Maelfuataigh, son of Ernain. 
Scannlann, abbot of Lughmadh, rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 16.) A.D. 662. The repose of 
3egain Mac-Ui-Chuind/ abbot of Bangor ; and death of 
Gruaire Aidhne." The killing of two sons of Domnall 
son of Aedh/ viz., Conall and Oolgu. The death of 
Gartnaidh/ son of Domnall, and of Domnall, son of 
Totholan. Death of Tuathal, son of Morgand. Tuenog, 
3on of Finntin,'' abbot of Ferns; Indercach," a bishop, 
Dima, a bishop, rested. Ultan' Ma,c-Ui-Conchobair rested, 
iccording to another Book. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 27.) A.D. 663. Darkness on [663.] bis. 
the Kalends of May, at the ninth hour ; and in the same 
summer the sky seemed to be on fire. A pestilence 
reached Ireland on tbe Kalends of August. The battle 
3f Lutb-feirnn, i.e., in Fortrenn." Death of Cernaeh, son 
Df Diarmait, son of Aedh Slane, son of Diarmait Cerrbeoil, 
son of Conall Cremthainne ; and an earthquake in Britain ; 
and Comgan Mac-Ui-Teimhne,° and Berach abbot of 
Bangor, [died]. Baetan, son of Ua Cormaic, abbot of 
Oluain/" died. The mortality raged at first in Ireland in 
Magh Itho of Fothart. From the death of Patrick," 203 
[years] ; the first mortality,^'' 112 [years]. Ceallach, son 
)f Maelcobha dies in this year,^'' according to another Book. 



3keiie. Chron. Picts and Scots, Pre- 
face, p. cxx. But Dean Eeeves 
thinks the name was applied to all 
Pictland. Adamnan, pp. 202, 332. 

° Comgan Mac-Ui-Teimhne. — "Com- 
j-an, son of the descendant of 
I'eimhne." In the Martyr, of Done- 
gal, which ^ves his festival at Feb. 
27, the name of Comgan is written 
' Comman." 

" Cluain. — Clonmacnoise. 

^^ Patrick. — The Patrick referred 
;o here must he " Old Patrick " (or 



Sen-Patrick'), whose death is entered 
sapra, at the year 457, and again 
(as " Patrick " only) under 461 ; and 
not " Patrick the Archbishop," whose 
guievit is recorded at the year 492 
(=493). See under 457 supra, 
note " ; and under 570, note J. 

'^ Mortality. — moiacalica, A. 
The plague, or leprosy, called Sam- 
throsc, mentioned at the year 553 
supra, is probably here referred to. 

"In this year. — ^w (for liic) A. B. 
See under the year 657 supra. 



120 



ccMMoclo: ulat)!!. 



]ct. lanaifi. (4 p., I. 8.) CCntio 7)omiiii t)C. tx.°iiii.° 
nioiicaliraf magna. "Oiajamair mac CCe-oo plane, 7 
Olaimac, 7 niaelbpefail pilitip ITIaele'DUin, mopciii 
funcL-Don Btii'De conaiU. tllcan mac Caunga, abCLuana 
ipaipT). "Doiimicario 'Peicheni 'Pabaip. (.1. -oe eoTjem 
Foi. 2lhb. mo]ibo .1. -Don bintie conaill), 7 CCilepam fapiencif, 7 
Cfionani piLn Silni. Cu cen macaip, mac Cacail (mic 
CCexia mic Caijibiii mic Ciiimcam) pi TTItiman mopicup. 
Olaimac Te€bae, Oengup lllar, ITlancan Leic, epipcopi 
abbacepque acque aln innumepabilep moputii punu- 
Colman capp abb Cluana mic Moaip, Cummeni abb 
Cluano mic 11 Moip, "oopmieptinc. 

let. lanaip. (5 p., I. 20.) CCnno 'oomini t>c.° loc." «.° 
TYlopp CCilella plainneppo pilii "Domnaill pilii CCexio 
pilii (Xinmepeac. ITlaelcaic mac 8cannailTii Cpui€ni15, 
TDael'DUin piliup Scannail pex genepip Coipppi, obie- 
punc. GochaiT)iaplaici pex Cpui^ne mopirup. TDubinn- 
pech^; mac T)unchaT)a pex .h. mbpiuin CCi mopicup. 
TTlopp Ceallaig mic 5"<^M''®- S^aipe CCi'Sne mopcuup 
epi; pecun-oum alium libptim. 

jet. lanaip. (6 p., I. 1.) CCnno •oomini -dc" 1x.° tn." 
TTlopralicap in hibepnia. bellum CCene icip CCpaDa 7 
hll pi-Djenci, iibi ceci-Dic Ougen pilnip Cpunnmail. 
Ceapnac pocal mac "Oiapmaca quieuic. 



' Diarmait — Blathmac. — Brothers, 
and Joint-Kings of Ireland. 

^ Buidhe-chonaill. — The original of 
this clause is added by way of gloss 
(though a little displaced) in A. and B. 

' Oltan the son of Cunga. — lltcan 
m caunga, A. B. The Four Masters 
write the name mac hui cunga 
(" son of the descendant of Cunga.") 

' Buidhe-chonaill. — The orig. of 
this, not in A. or Clar 49, is added 
by way of gloss in B. See note *, 
p. 54 supra. 



* Son of Silne. — Called " Cronan, 
son of Sinill" in the Martyr, of 
Donegal, at the 11th of Nov., where 
bis festival is given. 

" Son. — The original of this clause, 
which is added by way of gloss in A. 
is not in B. 

''Dies. — Theobitof Cu-cen-mathair 
(" Canis sine matre ") is wrongly entered 
above at a.d. 603, instead of his birth. 

» Liath. — Liath-Manchaln, or 
Lemanaghan, King's co. 

" Other persons.— (Xh\,'Q. Not in A. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



121 



iCal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 8.) a.d. G64. A great mortality. [66i.] 

irmait/ son of Aedh Slane, and Bla[th]mac,^ and 

.elbresail, son of Maelduin, died {i.e., of the 'Buidhe 

)naiir)l Ultan the son of Cunga,'' abbot of Cluain- 

ird, [died]. The ' falling asleep ' of Feichen of Fabhar 

., from the same distemper, i.e., the ' Buidhe chonaill ')/ 

i of Aileran the Wise, and of Cronan, son of Silne.^ 

-cen-mathair, son of Cathal (son" of Aedh, son of Cairbre, 

I of Crimthan), King of Munster, dies.' Bla[th]mac of 

fchba, Oengus Uladh, Manchan of Liath,^ and bishops 

i abbots, and other persons" innumerable, died. Colman 

3, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, [and] Cummeni, abbot of 

lain-mic-Nois, slept. 

Sal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 20.) A.D. 665. The death of [665.] 

ill Flannessa, son of Uomnall, son of Aedh, son of 

imire. Maelcaich," son of Scannal, of the Oruithni," 

id] Maelduin, son of Scannal, King of Cinel-Coirpri, 

id. Eochaid larlaithi. King of the Cruithni," dies. 

ibhinnrecht, son of Dunchad, King of TJi-Briuin-Ai, 

s. Death of Cellach son of Guaire." Guaire Aidhne^^ 

id, according to another Book. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 1.) A.D. 666. A mortahty in [666.] 

sland." The battle of Aine'' between the Arada and 

-Fidhgenti, in which fell Eugen son of Crunnmael. 

mach Sotal,'° son of Diarmait, rested. 



» Maelcaich ^Mentioned at 628 

ra. 

' CruUhni. — The Cruithni (or 
ts) of Dalaraide, co. Antrim. 
2 Guaire. — The Guaire Aidhne 
ing of Connaught) referred to in 
next entry. 

' Guaire Aidhne.— See at the year 
! supra, where the death of Guaire 
already noticed. This entry is 
led in al, man. in A B. has 
rely Met liic Sucorie aixine. 



" In Ireland. — iti Viibefima, B. 
The same words seem to have been 
added as a gloss over mop.caticaf in 
A. ; but they are now almost illegible. 

^^Aine.-Any, or Knockany, in 
the barony of Smallcounty, co. Lime- 
rick. 

" Cernach Sotal. — The Cernach, 
son of Diarmait, son of Aedh Slan^, 
&c., whose death is entered above 
under 663. This entry is added in 
the later hand in A. 



122 



aNNCclcc t!la"o1i 



.b. let. lanaifi. ( p., I. .) CCnno TDomini t)c.° lx.° uii.° 

TTloiicaliraf magna .1. an bui-oe conaill. Oellum 
■pejarfi muep, Ulr;!! 7 Cyiuicne, ubi ceci'oiu Cauufac mac 
Lufigjeni. Mauigacio Columbam epifcopi [cum] ]aeli- 
quif fanccojaum av infolam uaccae albae, in qua 
pun'Dauic aecclefiam, 7 11001507:10 piliopum gayicnai'D 
a-Driibepniam cum plebe fceu. pepsuipmac TTlucce'oo 
moficuuf epc. "OiapmaiT) 7 blaomacc va pil GpenT), 7 
Peichin ■poBaip, 7 aln mulci mopcui func .1. -Don hum 
conaill, fecun-Dum alium libiium. 

let. 1anai]i. CCnno -Domini ■DC." Ix." uiii.° Obicup 
Cummeni ailbi abbauip lae, 7 Cpicani abbai^if benn- 
caip, 7 TTlucuae mice hlliipc, 7 mopp ITlaele'po'captiais 
mic SuiBne jiegif nepoT:um 'Cuipcpi. 

Cennpaelat) cecinrc ; — 
Til 1)11111 

tJacti fii limfa alaliu, 
bfieca Tnaelpocaiacaig 
Ina jeimnen ■do ■oaifiiu. 

Icafinan 7 Coimrou apUT) piccofie-p T)ei:unct;i punc. 
lujulacio TTlaele'DUin mic TTlaenaic. 



'A great mortality. — The words 
magna .t. an buirie conaitt, which 
are not in B., are added as gloss 
over moificatica'p in A. The writ- 
ing is now extremely faint. Clar. 
49 has " Mortalitas magna called 
Buichoinnell." See note °, p. 54 supra. 

^Fertais. — peiacp (genit. of ■peifi- 
caip). See O'DonoTan's Four Mas- 
tersj A.D. 665, note tt, where the 
Editor expresses the opinion that from 
this "Fertais" the name of Belfast 
(bet ipei^cpi ; " mouth of the ford "), 
has been derived. 

' Colmati. — Coltinibani (in the 



genit. case). A., B., and Clar. 49; in 
which latter MS. an old hand has 
written Colmani in the margin.- 
Colman's death is recorded at the 
year 675 infra. 

* With the relics o/ the Saints. — 
laeliofuip pcoixum. A., B., and Clar 
49. O'Conor, however, prints " cum 
rehquis Sector.' The entry of Col- 
man's retirement to Ireland in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 24, col. 1), has 
cum lfieliquii|> ipcofu The Four 
Masters say (667) 50 naomaib oite 
imaille viMf, " together with other 
Saints." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



123 



ial. Jan. A.D. 667. A great mortality/ i.e., the [667.] bis. 

.lidhe chonaill.' The battle of Fertais'' bet-ween the 

lid and the Cruithni, in which fell Cathusach son of 

rgein. Voyage of Bishop Col man/ with the relics of 

! Saints/ to Inis-bo-finde, in which he founded a 

irch ; and the voyage to Ireland of the sons of Gartnat, 

th the people of Sceth.^ Fergus son of Mucoid died. 

irmaid" and Blathmacc, the two Kings of Ireland, and 

ichin of Fobhar/ and many others died, i.e., of the 

uidhe chonaill,' according to another Book. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 668. Death of Cummene the Fair, [668.J 

hot of la, and of Critan, abbot of Bangor, and of Mocua 

1 of Ust ; and the death of Maelfothartaigh, son of 

ibhne, King of the Ui-Tuirtri. 

Cennfaeladli sang^ : — 

Not dearer 

Is either king than another to me, 
Since JIaelfothartaigh was borne 
In his bier to Derry. 



arnan" and Corindu died^" among the Picts. 
)n of Maelduin, son of Maenach. 



Assassina- 



' Sceth.—The Isle of Skye. In the 
oh of Leinster (p. 358, col. 3), the 
ne is written f cecha. For various 
.er forms of this curious name con- 
t Keeves' Adamnan, p. 62, note b. 
I Armstrong's Gaelic 'Dictionary, 
der the word agiathanach, where a 
3d deal of nonsense regarding the 
•mology of the name "Skye" is 
nted. 

= Z>wrm(M'i.— This entry is repre- 
ited in B. by UeX, hie "Diarvmaic 
Dtaimocc 7 Ipecm moricui func 
■DOTi bui'oe conmlt. ("Or in 
s year Diarmait, and Blai[th]mac, 
i Fechin died, i.e., of the ' Buidhe- 



chonaill.' ") The decease of all three 
is entered above at the year 664. 

' Fobhar. — Fore, in the bar. of the 
same name, co. Westmeath. For some 
curious notices regarding Fore, see 
O'Donovan's Four Mast., at a.d. 1176, 
note s. 

' Cennfaeladh sang. — The following 
stanza, which is not in B., is written 
on the lower margin of fol. 25a in A. 

'Raman. — O'Conor mistook this 
name for the name of a place. See 
his ed. of these Annals at the same 
date. 

"Died. — -Depunci y^unc yunc, A. 



12-i 



CCMNCClCC ulccoli. 



\cl.. lanaifi. CCnno -Dotrnni "dc." Uk." ix." U\x magna 
i:acT:a epc Ofcolz; mol^ lugulacio TTloeleDUin tiepo- 
T;if Ronain. ITlop.f blacmicc mic TTlaelecoBo, 7 1U5U- 
Fol. 2oaa. IcTCio Ciianai pilii Cellaig. tleniu genup ^afi[c]naiu 
ve hibejinia. lusulano bixain pnn mic TTlael-Gpouaiv 
caij. TTfloiif 'OunchttDO hin Ronain. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -DOinini vc" Ixx." TTloiif Offu 
pill Giuilbjii^ fiegip Saxonum. pepgup mac Cfiunnmail 
mopir;u)i. lujiiUrcio Secnufaig pilii Olaimic iiegif 
"Cemoiiaie, iniT;io hiemif ; 

Oa pfimnac, ba echlafcac 

CC cech ambiT) Sechnaipach ; 

Oa hinTDa puitel pop, plaice 

111 caig 1 m-bicb mac [0]Laicriieicc. 

'Oub'otiin pex genipip Coipppi lUgulauiT: ilium ; 7 Opan 
pinn mac TTlaeleoccpaic mopi7;up. Oelliim 'Dpoma 
cepaip. ITIailpubai in Opiuanniani nauigau, 
.b. |ct. lanaip. (5 p., I. 26.) CCnno "Domini -oc" Ixx." 1.° 

bellum "Oungaile mic ITlaeletJUile, 7 combupuio CCip-o 
macae 7 T)omup "Cailli pilii Segeni, •oeleci punc \hv\-s 
TTlopp Cummapcaic mic Ronain. Rlep mop. Cenn- 



^Fell — pncca epc, A. Not in 
B. 

^ Famine. — Opcolc. Otherwise 
written apcal-c (see Chron. Scot, at . 
A.D. 962). See also Stokes's ed. of 
Cormac's Glossary, p. 1. O'Conor 
erroneously prints Scol mor.-, and 
more erroneously translates " mortali- 
tas magna armentorum.'' Clar. 49 
reads " Great sleaing of chattle." 

' Family of Gartnat. — gen up 
^ajxcnaic See under 667. Re- 
garding the identity of this Gartnat, 
see Reeves' Adamnan, p. 290. 

* Son of Maelfotkartalffk. — The 
death of another " Bran Finn," stated 
to have been the son of a "Maeloch- 
traich," is entered under the next year. 



" Ossu. — Oswiu, King of the Nor- 
thumbrians. 

"Eifllbrlth. — jEthelfrith, slain in 
617, according to the Anglo-Sax. 
Chron. 

' Full of bridles. — The original of 
this stanza, which is not in B., is 
written on the lower margin of fol. 
25ff in A. 

^ Cinel-Coirpre, i.e., the race of 
Cairbre, son of Niall Nine-hostager, 
who were at this period seated in the 
present bar. of Granard, co. Longford, 
but whose descendants afterwards 
gave name to the districts now re- 
presented by the baronies of Carbury, 
in the cos. of Kildare and Sligo. 

'Bran Finn. — Bran the "Fair." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



12c 



[669.] 



[670.] 



£al. Jan. A.D. 669. Great snow fell.^ A great famine.^ 
e murder of Maelduin Ua Ronain. The death of 
ithmac, son of Maelcobha; and the murder of Guana, 
I of Cellach. The family of Gartnat' comes from 
iland. The assassination of Bran Finn, son of Mael- 
hartaigh.^ The death of Dunchad Ua Ronain. 
Sal. Jan. A.D. 670. The death of Ossu.'sonofEitilbrith," 
ng of the Saxons. Fergus, son of Crunnmael, dies, 
e assassination of Sechnusach, son of Bla[th]mac, King 
Tara, in the beginning of winter : — 

Full of bridles,' full of horse-whips, was 

The house where Sechnasach was wont to be. 

Many were the leavings of plunder, 

In the house in which Blathmac's son used to be. 

ibhduin. King of Oinel-Coirpre,^ slew him. And Bran 

tin,' son of Maelochtraich, dies. The battle of Druim- 

pais." Maelruba'^ passes over to Britain. 

KaL Jan. (Thurs., m. 26.) a.d. C71. The battle of [671.] uis. 

mgal,'^ son of Maeltuile ; and the burning of Armagh, 

d of the house of Taille," son of Segene. [Many] were 

stroyed there." The death of Gummascach, son of Ronan. 

-eat fruit. Cennfaeladh.son of Blathmac, begins to reign. 



e assassination of a " Bran Finn." 
. of Maelfotliartaigh, is recorded 
aer tlie preceding j'ear. 
" Druim-Cepais. — Not identified. 
ir. 49 lias " Druim-cexais." 
'Maelruba. — See under the year 
I 

= Battle of Dimgal. — bellutn 
ingaile. — This idiomatic form of 
session is used very frequently in 
se Annals, to indicate that the 
son whose battle is thus noticed 
i himself slain therein. This battle 
called the battle of Tolach-ard 
liigh hill ") in Three, Fragments of 
nals, at A.D. 672. 



" The " House of Tailh:'—'Vech- 
Taille. Now Tehelly, in the par. of 
Durrow, bar. of Bally cowan. King's 
CO. See O'Donovan's Four Mast., 
A.D. 670, note u. The ■Dotnu'p cattli 
of the original text is printed do 
mgialli by O'Conor, who translates it 
" duo Mactallii ! " 

" [;)/a»y] were destroyed there. — 
The original, -oeteci -punc ibTJig, 
seems corrupt, and should probably 
be corrected to ec Ttiulci ■oeleci 
Ipunc ibi (or ibi-oetn). For ibTDig, 
O'Conor reads ibi, as does the " trans- 
lator " (?) of Clar. 49. 



126 



aMMccla tilat)1i. 



paelati mac bla^maic pegnape inciptc. Gocptili^io 
T>fiofco 7)6 jiegno, 7 combupcio benncaif\ Opicconum. 

jet. 1anai]i. CCnno -Domini vc" lxx.° n° Combufcio 
maige Lunge, lujulacio "Domangaiiic mic T)omnaiU 
bfiicc pegip "Oal Tliacai. 'gabctil eLuiin mic Cuifip 7 
Conamml plii Canonn, 7 Copmacc [mac] TTlaele- 
pocapcai5 moiaicup. Wauijacio IPaelbei abbauif lae 
in llibepniam. mailiiubai punDauic aecclepiam 
CCpoficifioofan. ConfT;ancmup piliup pupepiopif Con- 
•pcancim laegnatiit; annip x. 7 1111. 

let. 1anai)i. CCnno T)omini t)c.° lxx.° 111.° lugulacio 
Congaile cennpoci mic "Ouncha-oo, pegip Uloc. Oecc 
baiyicheinceppeciT^eum. lugulacio T)oip mic ITlael'DUiB 
l^egip Cianacce. TDopp Scannlam mic 12in5in pegip 
.h.TYleiu. ■Mubept;enuip7cpemula av ppeciem celepcip 
apcup .1111. uigilia nocT;ip ui." pepia anr;e papca ab 
oyiienue in occi-oencem pep pepenum coeltim appapuic. 
Luna in pansuinem ueppa epu. 

jet. lanaip. (2 p., I. 29.) CCnno tiomini 'dc.''Ixx.''iiii.° 

Foi. 25ab. bellum Cin-opaela-o pilii blacmaic piln CCexio plane, 

in quo CinDpaelax) inT;eppect;up epu. pnecht:a mac 

'Ouncha'Da uicT;op epac. lugulacio CCipmeT)ai5 bui 

guaipe. TTIopp Moe mic "Oanel. .TTlopp piln pance. 



' Maffh-lulnge. — The " Campus 
Lunge" of Adamnan (i., 30; ii., 15). 
An establishment founded by St. 
Colum-Cille in the island of Tiree. 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 59, note f, 
and Ulster Jl. of ArcJiceol., Vol. II., 
pp. 233-244. 

^ Domnall Brecc. — See under the 
year 641 s^ipra. 

^ Of Ellin, son ofCoiy. Cliuin mc 
Cui^p, A., B. —The translation of 
this clause in Clar. 49 is "the capti- 
vitie of Eolvin m" Cau-bre and Con- 
maoil mo Canonn. Cormac Maile 



fothart moritur." But this is plainly 
wrong. Although the text of B. is 
at one with A., O'Conor incorrectly 
prints Gahhail Eluan mc Coirpre, &c. 
("Capture of Elua, son of Coirpre,''&c.) 

"* [>S^07i.] — SeeFrar^ments of Annals, 
p. 69. 

^ To 7re?fmA— The return of Failbhe 
from Ireland is enteied under the year 
675. 

' Aporcrosan. — Applecross, in 
Eoss-shire, Scotland. The death of St. 
Maelrubha, in the 80th j'ear of his 
age, is recorded at the year 721 infra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



127 



)ulsion of Drof3t from the kingship ; and the burning 

tangor of the Britons. 

;al. Jan. A.D. 672. The burning of Magh-luinge.^ 

killing of Domangart, son of Domnall Brecc" King 
Dalriata. The capture of Elvin son of Corp," and 
amail son of Cano; and Cormac, [son^] of Mael- 
lartaigh, dies. Voyage to Ireland" of Failbhe, abbot 
la. Maelruba founded the church of Aporcrosan." 
stantine,' son of the previous Constantine, reigned'^ 
mteen years. 

.al. Jan. a.d. 673. The assassination of Congal 
nfota/ son of Dunchad, King of Uladh. Becc Bairche" 
3d him. The assassination of Doir, son of Maeldubh, 
g of Cianachta. Death of Scannlan, son of Fingin, 
g of TJi-Meith. A thin and tremulous cloud, in the 
(1 of a rainbow, appeared at the fourth watch of the 
it, on the Friday" before Easter Sunday, [extending] 
1 east to west, in a clear sky. The moon was turned 
I blood. 

:al. Jan. (Mond., m. 23.) a.d. 674. The battle of 
nfaeladh, son of.Blathmac, son of Aedh Slane, in 
ch'^ Cennfaeladh was slain. Finachta, son of Dunchad 

victor. The assassination of Airmedach, descendant 
uaire. Death of Noe, son of Danel. Death of the 



[672.] 



[C73.] 



[674.] 



Htival appears in the Calendar 

ril 21. 

■mstantine. — This was Constan- 

II., Emperor of the East, who 

id from 668 to 685. Art de V. 

tes, t. 1, p. 417. 

'Jgned. — IT-^S'T' ^'"' IH-Ssnac, 

gnaurc, A., B.,and Clar. 49. 

ngal Cennfota. — ' ' Congal Long- 

kcc Bairche. — In the list of the 
of Ulad, contained in the Book 
•inster, (p. 41, col. 3), Becc 



Bairche is stated to have been king of 
that province for 24 years, and to 
have died in pilgrimage. 



" Friday. - 



•pefiia, or sixth 



day of the week. The Cliron. Scot, has 
u^ peiaia, or Thursday. 

^'^ In which.— The original of this 
clause, which is part of the text in 
B.j is interlined in al. man. in A. 
Cennfaeladh only commenced to reign 
in A.D. 671, and was succeeded in 
the kingship by his slayer, Finaclita, 
who was Cennfaeladh's second cousin. 



128 



CCtnJCClCC UlCCTDll. 



TTloiii^ ScannUdii niic P115111 V-&B'^y nepocum ITleic. 
Pnachra i^egnape incipic, fcibcec pi'nacfica pleaxiac 
mac "Dunca-oa mic CCe-oa flame. 

]ct. lanaip. (3 p , I. x.) CCnno -Doniini -dc." Ixx-'ii." 
Columbana epipcopup mj^olae iiaccae albae, 7 pinan 
pliuf CCipennairi paupanu. 1 11511 lauio TnaeleT)Uin pibi 
Ri5uUain 7 boi-ob pilii Ronain hoi Coiigaile. niiiln 
picoopep T)imep)^i punc iLLainx) abae. T)tpcpucT:io 
CCilce ppmjpenn la pnec]ir;ae. 'Paelbe "oe llibepniu 
peuepcicup. Gonial mac 11106161)11111,7 F'^i' Scannail, 7 
CCiipculae uisulari piinc. 

]Ct. lanaip. (5 p., I. 21.) CCnno T)omini X)C.°lxx.° 111.° 
Scella comeuep tiipa luminopa in menpe pepcimbpip 7 
occimbpip. "DiinchaT) mac Uluam occipu]^ epc 1 n-tiiin 
12op550. Oelliim muep pnpnecca 7 Lajenop m loco 
ppoximo Loco sabap, in quo pinpnechca uicrop 6par. 
liiSuUrcio CiianTDai mic Giiganain. Conjpeppio Cule 



' Son of Penda. — Apparently 
Wiilfhere, son of Penda, King of 
'RIercia, -vvhose obit the Anglo -Sax. 
Chron. has at A.D. 675. The name of 
Penda is written pance in theMSS. 

''Scaiinlan. — The death of this 
Scannlan is already entered under 
the year 673. 

^ Finachta the Festioe — pinachca 
pteaftac. The original of this clause 
is added in al. man. in A., and in the 
original hand in 33. For some curious 
information regarding King Finachta, 
see Fragments of Irish Annals under 
the year 677. 

' Columban. — This is the Colman 
whose voyage (from Lindisfarne) to 
Inis-bo-finde {Inishhojin, off the W. 
coast of Mayo) is entered at the year 
C67 supra. Bede derotes a good 



deal of attention to St. Colman, £ec?. 
Dist., Book lit., caps. 25, 26. 

^ Flnan — The festival of this 
Finan is given in the Martyr, of 
Donegal under Feb. 12, where his 
father's name is written " Erannan," 
a mere variation of " Airennan." 

" Son.—fU, A., B. 

' Fugullan. — This was probably the 
Eigullan whose death is noticed at the 
year 628 siqn-a, and who was son of 
Conang (see at A.D. 621), son of 
Aedan Mac Gabrain, King of the 
Scotch Dalriads (whose obit is given 
above at the year 605). 

" Ronan Ua Congalle. — 1R,onain 
1ioi Coiigaite, A., B. But O'Conor 
blunderingly prints Tioi (nepotis') 
"hoc est.'' Eonan Ua Congaile 
means " Ronan descendant of Congal." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



129 



)f Penda.' Death of Scannlan,^ son of Fingin, King 
ri-Meith. Finachta begins to reign, viz., Fiaachta 
festive," son of Dunchad, son of Aedh Slanfe. 
il. Jan. (Tnesd., m. 10.) a.d. 675. Columban,^ [«73.] eis. 
)p of Inis-bo-finne, and Finan,^ son" of Airennan, 
d. The assassination of Maelduin, son of RiguUan,' 
Df Bodb, son of Ronan TJa Congaile.^ A great many 
I were drowned in Land-abae.^ The destruction of 
;h-Frigrenn" by Finachta. Failbhe" returned from 
,nd. Congal !5on of Maelduin, and the sons of 
nal, and Aurthula, were slain. 

il. Jan. (Thurs., m. 21.) A.D. 676. A bright comet ^^'^'^■^ 
seen in the months'- of September and October, 
shad''' son of Ultan was slain in Dun-Forgo. A 
e between Finachta" and the Leinstermen, in a place 
Loch-gabar, in which Finachta^' was victor. The 
isination of Cuanda son of Eoaranan. The encounter 



'our Masters, wko often ignore 
connected with Scotch history, 
no reference to the death of 
uin son of Rigullan, or of Bodb 
[ Eonan TJa Congaile, having 
mtly regarded them as members 
i Gaelic family of Alba (or 
nd). 

md-aiae. — Not identiiied. See 
3' Adamnan, p. 60, note b. 
(Chron. Fids and Scots, Index 
ndaiae), says it is " Lundaff 
Kinloch, Perthshire," without 
safing any authority for the 
lent 

ilech Frigrenn. — Ailech, or 
, as the name is now written. 
Lough Swilly, in the bar. of 
wen West, co. Donegal. 
lilbhe. — The voyage to Ireland 



of Failbhe is noticed at the year C72. 
His obit appears under 678 infra. 

'"//i tli& months. — ni menre. A., 
B., and Clar. 49, The appearance of 
this comet is noticed in the Anglo- 
Sax. Chron. at the j'ear 678, where 
it is stated that it shone every morn- 
ing for three months like a sun- 
beam. Its appearance is likewise re- 
corded in the Chron. Scot, and Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, at the year 673, but 
under 677 (which is the proper year) 
in Tigernach. 

" Dunchad. — The Four Hosiers 
state that Dunchad was chief of the 
Oirghialla. 

^^ Finachta pi.nj^necTica (''white- 
snow "), in original. This was Fin- 
achta, King of Ireland. See under 
the year 674. 

K 



130 



aMNCClCC ulccoti. 



Fol. 2cha. 

.h. 



ITlaeni, ubi ceci'oeiiuiTC -pilii -ouo niaeleaic'Din. Oecccm 
l^uimm quieuic. 

let. lanairi. (6 p, I. 2.) CCnno -oomini T)C.° lxx.° tin." 
(aliar U111.) moiir Colssen mic 12aelBei t^lainn jxegif 
muman. 'DaificiU mac Cujaecai epfcop glinne -oa 
loca, Coman epfcop pepnann, paupanr. ItiT^eppeccio 
genepip loaipnn i "Cipinn. "CoimpnarTio peac Oppaigi. 
bellutn "Ouin loco, 7 bellum liacc ITIoelain, 7 "DoipaT) 
eiliTiT). TTIopp "Opopco pilii T)otnnaill. beUum 1 
Calarpop in quo tiicr;up epc "Domnall bpecc. 

jet. lanaip. (7 p., L. 13.) CCnno T)omini 'oc.° locsc." 
uiii.° Cfuiep ■paeilbi abbauip Icce. CennpaelaT* nnac 
OCilella mic baecam, papienp, paupauit;. bellum 
PnpnechT;a concpa beicc mbaipce. IDopmicauio 
Weccam neip. "Oomnall mac Suibni la hUlru mopi- 
cup. 

let. lanaip. CCnno X)omini •oc." loccc." ix.° Colman 
abap benncaip paupac. lu^ulacio pannamla mic 
TTlaelecuile pegip Lagenopum. Cacal mac Rogail- 
I15 mopicup. belUim Saxonum ubi ceciT)ic CCilmine 



■ Cul-Maini. — According to 
O'Donovan, Cuil-Maini (or Cuil- 
Maine), was the ancient name of the 
parish of Clonmany, in tlie north- 
west of the baronj' of Inishowen, co. 
Donegal. (Four Mast., a.d. 1499, 
note h.) But as there were other 
places of the name, it is not certain 
that the Cul-Maini above referred to 
was the Clonmany in Donegal. 

' Beccan Ruimm. — Plainly so writ- 
ten in A. and B. But Clar. 49 in- 
correctly reads Ruinim, whilst O'Conor 

prints Beccan puim The 

Four Masters, who write the name 
"Becan Kuimind," state (675) that 
he died in Britain, on March 17th, 
which is his festival day in the 
Martyr, of Donegal. 



^ Slain. — Clar. 49, and O'Conor 
following it, have " quievit" which is 
wrong. The Four Masters (at C76), 
state that " Tuaimsnamha '' was slain 
by Faelan Seanchostol. Faelau Sen- 
chustul is in the list of Kings of the 
Ui-Cendselaig in the Booh of Leinster, 
p. 40, col. 1, where he is stated to 
have fought seven battles against the 
Ossorians, in the last of which Tuaim- 
snamha was slain. 

■■ Battle in Calathross. — This entry 
is quite out of place here, and should 
appear under the year 634 supra. 
The death of Domnall Brecc is re- 
corded above at the year 641, and 
again inaccnratelj' at 685 infra. See 
Keeves' Adamnan, p. 202, note. 

^Failbhe — Abbot of Hi from 669 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



131 



[677.] 



)ul-Maini/ in which two sons of Maelaichdin were 
I. Beccan Ruimm" rested. 

al. Jan. (Frid., m. 2.) a.d. 677 (alias 678). The 
h of Colggu, son of Failbhe Flann, King of Munster. 
'ciU, son of Cureta, bishop of Glenn-da-locha, and 
lan, bishop of Ferns, rest. Slaughter of the 
3l-Loarnn, in Tirlnn. Toimsnamho, King of Ossory, 
n.J The battle of Dun-locha, and the battle of 
!c-Moelain, and the enslavement of Elend. The death 
)rost son of Domnall. A battle in Calathross/ in 
eh Domnall Brecc was vanquished. 
;al. Jan. (Sat., m. 13.) A.D. 678. The repose of 
bhe,' abbot of la. Cennfaelad," son of Ailill, son of 
tan, a wise man, rested. The battle of Finsnechta'' 
nst Becc Bairche. The falling asleep of Nechtan 
f. Domnall, son of Suibne, dies by the Ulaid.^ 
al. Jan, A.D. 679. Colman, abbot of Bangor, rests. [679.] bis. 
assassination of Fianamail,' son of Maeltuile, King 
le Leinstermen. Cathal, son of Raghallach, dies. A 
lie of the Saxons, in which Ailmine son of Ossu" was 



[678.] 



9, and predecessor of Adanman. 
he is mentioned above at the 
672, 675. 

innfadad. — This seems to have 
the remarkable man who lost his 
n of forgetf ulness" (inchind der- 
, through » wound received in 
Bad, at the battle of Magh-Eath 
636, supra). See O'Donovan's 
: the account of this battle, pub- 
. by the Irish Archceol. Society 
lin, 1842), p. 278, note e. 
utile of ' Finsnechta ' (or ' Fin- 
.')— The Four Masters (at the 
677) call this the battle of 
Itiu " (now Teltown, co. Meath.) 
ies by the Uhid.—" Killed by 
orthern men." Clar. 49. 
ianamail, — In the Ann. Four 



Mast. , at A.D. 678, Fianamail is stated 
to have been slain by one of his own 
people, at the command of Finachta 
Fledach. But in the list of Leinster 
Kings in the Book of Leinster (p. 39, 
col. 2), Fianamail (the term of whose 
reign is given as 12 years), is stated 
to have been slain by the Ui-Cend- 
selaigh in the battle of Aife, or of 
Selga, in the fortuatha (" borders ") 
of Leinster, or by one of his own 
people. In the Fragments of Irish 
Annals, the beginning of Fianamail's 
reign is erroneously entered under the 
year 679. 

^'Ailmine son of Ossu jElfwine 

son of Oswy. See Anglo-Sax. Chron. 
at the year 679. 

k2 



132 



CCNNalCC UlCCDll. 



■piliuf Opfii. ObfGfio "Otiin baicce. T)unchaT) pliUf 
euganctin iiisulaT^uip efc. tTlopf tTlaeleporaificais 
eppcoip CCfiT) ffiaco. beltum i m-Oo'Dbsnu tibi ceci- 
■Dic Conall oijij^snec. Lepfia spauii^imct in riibe)inia 
que uoca^up boljcach. 

]ct. 1anai]i. CCnno T)omini ■cc." Ixxx." Combufcio 
liejum 1 n-Diin Ceicifinn .1. "Ounjal mac Scannail 
p.ex Cptii^ne, 7 Cennpaelax) fiex Cianaccae, .1. mac 
Suibni, in miuio aepuarif, la maeb-DUin mac TTlaele- 
piqiic. belUim blaifleib pofcea in micio hiemif, in 
quo nTCeppeccuf eyz lllael'DUin pliuf TDaelepicpic. 
lugulacio Conaibl coil pi In 'Duncha'DO 1 Ciunn cipe. 
1U5UlaT;io Secnafaig mic CCipmeT)ai5 7 Conaing mic 
Congaile. Obpefpio "DUin 'Poiceji. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno "Domini xic.° Ixxx." 1.° lugulacio 
Cinnpaela'D mic Colgen pes^r Conacht;. bellum iiaccc 
mope maigi line concpa bpiuonep, ubi ceciTjeyiunr; 
Ca^upac mac TTIaeleDuin pi Cpui^ne, 7 Ulcan piliup 
T»icolla, 7 iU5ulaT;io TTluipmin in mano. ObiT;up 
Suibne pill niaeleumai ppincipip Copcoigi. Opca-oep 
"Deleoae punt: la bpuiT)e. 

fct. lanaip. CCnno T)ornini -dc." Ixxcc." 11.° "Dunchax) 



^ Dun -Baitte. — Not identified. Ap- 
parently the name of some place in 
Scotland. 

" Bodbgna^ — This Tvas the name of 
a hilly district in the east of the pre- 
sent CO. Roscommon. The name is 
still preserved in that of the well- 
known mountain SUahh-Badbgna 
{angllce^ Slieve Baume^, in the barony 
of Koscommon. 

^ Conall Oirgiiech. — " Conall the 
Plunderer." The Four 31axters add 
that he was " Chief of the Cinel- 
Cairbre " (078). 

' 'Bolgaclu' — The Irish name for 
the small-pox is bolgach beg, or "little 
bolgach.'^ 



^ Bun-Ceithirnn. — Kow known as 
the " Giant's Sconce," in the parish of 
Dunboe, in the north of the co. Lon- 
donderrj'. 

" CruUhm. — The Cruithni (or 
Picts) of Ireland. 

'' Cianachta. — The "Cianachta of 
Glenn-Gaimhin," whose territory is 
now represented by the barony of 
Keenaght, co. Londonderry. 

' Bla-sUahh. — Not identified. 

" Cenniire. — " Land's Head.'' 
Cantyre, in Scotland. 

" Dun-Foither. — Now known as 
"Dunnottar in the Mearns" (Scot- 
land), according to Skene. Chron. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



133 



Q. The siege of 
janan, was slain, 
lop of Ard-Sratha. 
tail Oirgnech^ was 



Dun-Baitte.^ Dunehad, son of 
The death of Maelfothartaigh, 
A battle in Bodbgna/ in which 
slain. A most severe leprosy 



reland, which is called ' bolgach.'* 

[al, Jan. A.D. 680. Burning of the Kings in Dun- [i^so.] 
thirnn,^ viz., Dungal son of Scannal, King of the 
dthni/ and Cennfaelad, King of the Cianachta/ i.e., 

son of Suibne, in the beginning of summer, by 
elduin son of Maelfitrich. The battle of Bla-sliabh' 
jrwards, in the beginning of winter, in which Maelduin, 

of Maelfitrich, was slain. The killing of Conall 
;1, son of Dunehad, in Cenn-tire.^ The killing of 
hnasach, son of Airmedach, and of Conang, son of 
igal. The siege of Dun-Foither.^" 

ial. Jan. A.D. 681. The slaying of Cennfaelad," [681.] 
of Colgu, King of Connaught. The battle of Rath- 
rof Magh-Line'^against Britons, in which fell Cathasach 

of Maelduin, King of the Cruithni,'^ and Ultan son 
L)icuill ; and the killing of Murmin ' in mano.''* Death 
Suibne, son of Maelduin, abbot of Corcach.'^ The 
meys were destroyed by Bruide. 
^al. Jan. A.D. 682. Dunehad Mursce," son of Mael- [682.] 



I and Scots. See the Index thereto, 
unfother. 

Cennfaelad. — In the Ann. Four 
t. (680) it is stated that Cenn- 
dh was slaia after the house in 
h he was sheltered had been 
ired against him ; and that his 
ir was one Ulcha Derg (" Eed 
d") of the "Conmaicne Cuile." 
Eath-mor of Magh-Line. — Now 
more, par. of Donegore, bar. of 
It Antrim, co. Antrim. A place 
famous in Irish history. See 
r na hUidre, p. 133a; and 
es' Eccl. Antiqq., p. 69, note s. 
7r«i«A)».— TheCruithni (or Piots) 



of Dalaraide in Antrim. Not the 
Picts of Scotland. 

^* Mwnnin ' in mano.'' — Of the 
person called Murmin, or the addition 
' in mano,' the Editor is unable to 
give an}' satisfactory explanation. 
Dean Reeves prints ' in manu.' 
Adamnan, p. 377. 

" CorcacA.— Cojlcoigl, the genit. 
form. Ware has no notice of this 
successor of St. Barra, or Finnbarr, 
founder of the Monastery of Cork. 

" Dunehad ilursce In his ed. of 

these Annals, O'Conor ignorantly 
renders Mursce by. " Dux maritimus." 
But the epithet Mursce means that 



13-i 



CCNNCClCC tlL(XT)1l. 



inufifce V'^iuf TnaelT)Uil5 lujuloctif efc. beUuni 
CopmiTD in quo ceci'De]iunc Colsti piliuf btaimaic 7 
Pefijuf mac TTlaeleDUin fiecc^enefnf Coi]ip]ii. Obfefio 
T)uin aw, 7 ob]''effio "Ouin x)Uiian. Inicium moyicali- 
zcw\f pueiiopum in menfe Occimbpif. 'Dop.miracio 
(XipmeDais na CiicceiBe. 
■0- ]ct. lanaip. CCnno 7)omini "dc" LTa\T.° 111.° TTloficali- 

zay pa\in\i\,o\i\im. IDoiif TTlaini abbcrcif Woni'Di^omo, 
Foi. 2566. 7 moyif "Deppopsaill. TDopf Concoluim. bellum 
Caiffil ■pmnbaip. toch Gacac vo pou-D hi -puil hoc 
anno. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCnno 'oonnni "oc." Ixxx." 1111.° tiencuf 
majnuf. "oepiiemocui'" m infola. Saxonep campum 
0)165 uai^can^;, 7 aecclefiaf pUifiimaf, in menfe luni. 
TTlopi^ Congaile mic ^u*^!!"^^' 7 imopf bixefail piln pefi- 
511 fo TTioiabo. 

]ct. lanaip,. CCnno "oomini vc" lxxx.° ti." bellum 
■Dum Mechcain uicii^mo "Die menfip TDaii fabbaci "Die 
paccum efc, in quo exippic mac Offu \iex Saxonum, 
.xu.° anno laegni fui confummaua magna cum cauefiua 



Dunchad (who was King of Con- 
naught) had lired, or been fostered, 
in the territor}' of " Muirisc," in the 
north of the present barony of Tire- 
ragh, CO. Sligo. See O'Donovan's 
Mt/ FiacJirach, p. 314, note^; 

' Dun-Att. — " Dunad, in the parish 
of Glassary in Argyle.'' Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 377, note 6. 

^ Vun-Duirn. — Dean Reeves thinks 
that this may be " Dundurn, at the 
east end of Loch-Earn in Perthshire " 
(^Adamiian, p. 377, note c.) 

3 Of Ocioier.— Oocobrn, B. See 
Reeves' Adamnan^ p. 182, note a, in 
■which the learned Editor, with 
characteristic industry, has collected 
numerous references to the pestilences 
which prevailed in this country 
anciently. 



■■ Craclh. — Craebh-Laisre, or the 
" Tree of St. Lasair," a monastery 
said to have been near Clonmacnoise. 
See Todd's Irish Nennius, p. 208, 
note X. The site of the monastery is 
not now known. 

^ Of Noendruim. — Clar. 49 reads 
"abb Aondromo," "abbot of Aon- 
druim." A very old hand, like that 
of Ussher, writes " Antrim " in the 
margin. But Nendrum, (Mahee Is- 
land, in Strangford Lough) seems to 
have been meant. See Reeves' Ecd. 
Antiqq., p. 149. 

° Death — mofiyi]", A. 

' Loch Echach. — Lough Neagh. 
The words Tioc anno are omitted in B. 

' In the Island. — m in^nola, A., B. 
in infula, Clar. 49. The Chron. 
Scot. (681=684) has m hibermia 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



135 



3h, was slain. The battle of Corand, in which were 

n Colgu son of Blathmac, and Fergus, son of Mael- 

n, King of the Cinel-Coirpri. The siege of Dun-Att/ 

I the siege of Dnn-Duirn.~ The beginning of the 

rtality of children, in the month of October.'* The 

ing asleep of Airmedach of the Craebh.* 

^a\. Jan. A.D, 683. Mortality of children. The [683.] lis. 

,th of Maine, abbot of Noendruim f and the death" of 

rforgall. The death of Cucoluim. The battle of 

ssel-Finnbair. Loch Echach' was turned into blood 

;his year. 

ial. Jan. A.D. 684. A great storm. An earthquake 

the Island.^ The Saxons wasted^ Magh-Bregh, and 

eral churches, in the month of June. The death of 

ighal son of Guaire, and the death of Bresal,^" son of 

:gus, from disease. 

ial. Jan. A.D. 68-5. The battle of Dun-Nechtain" was 

ght on the 20th day of May, on Saturday, in which 

tith,^^ son of Oswy, King of the Saxons, the 15th year 

lis reign being ended,^^ was slain, together with a great 



[681] 



[685] 



)ta (" in the Island of Ireland"), 
;h seems more correct. 
Wasted. — Under this year, the 
lo-Sax. Citron, states that " Ecg- 
1 sent an army against the Scots, 

Berht, his aldorman, with it ; 

miserably they afflicted and 
led God's churches." Thorpe's 
islation, London, 1861. Ecgferth 
eeded his father Oswy (whose 

is entered at a.d. 670 supi-a), 
jng of the Northumbrians. See 
i's account of the transaction, 
. Ei$t., Book 4, chap. 26. The 
h of Ecgferth (or Etfrith, as the 
e is there written), is entered 
ir the next year in these Annals. 
Bresal. — The Four Masters state 
, 683) that Bresal was chief of 
la (or XJi-Echach-Cobha), now 



represented by the baronies of Iveagh, 
CO. Down. Reeves' Eccl. Antiqq.j 
pp. 348-352. 

" Dun-NecJitain. — " Nechtan's 
Fort." Supposed to be " the modern 
Dunnichen, which is situated in a 
narrow pass in the range of the Sidlaw 
hills, which separate Strathmore from 
the plains of Forfarshire." Skene 
(Chron. Picts and Scots, Pref. cxix.) 

'^/)i which Etfrith.— The "Ecg- 
ferth " of the Anglo-Sax. Chron. 
See note under preceding year. 
O'Conor, in his ed. of these Annals 
(note 1, ad an."), wrongly observes 
that the words in quo are wanting in 
Clar. 49. 

" Ended.-cowfumma.za, in A., B., 
and Clar. 49. Probably a mistake 
for con^ummaco, as in Tigernach. 



13G 



CCNMCdCC llla"Dtl. 



mibT;um f uoiiiim incefi-peccuf eyz, 7 combuf )c mla aman 
■Dum Ollaig. 'Caloi'155 mac CCci-caen, 7 "Domnall bjiecc 
mac Gchac, moiarui func. lusulacio RoT:achcai5 7 
'Oaiijai-iuo mic pnnsiiine. ITlotif banbain ofcac 
Vapienrif. 

let. Ian ai p. CCnno T)omim -oc." Laoccc." ui.° lugubacio 
■peiaa-Daig mic Congaile. Cfuief "Documaiconoc abbaci)^ 
tiaUiip va loco. 'Oopmicocio Rofpeni abbarif Coi-icai-be 
mayie. Tnoiif Offeni epifcopi monoK'cei^ii |?innt;in piln 
PiinStiine. CC-Domnamif capciuop fieDiuic av ilibefi- 
niam .Ix. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 7)omini -dc." laxcx." 011.° Cfuie^-' 
Segeni (0 acati cLaiTDib) epiipcopi CCiiTimacae. Occifio 
Canonn pibii 5<^i-icnaix). pmfnecbca clejxicacum 
fUfcepit. bellum Imleco pic ubi ceci'oep.tiTic 'Dub- 
■oainbep xiex CCp-Dxia Cianacca, 7 hUaiicjii'De iiepop 
Opfem, 7 Consalac mac Conaing pujiciuup euapit;. 
■Niall mac Ceyinaij uicrofi epa^. 



' Tula-aman. — The meauiug of 
this is unknown to the Editor, who 
is unable to say whether it is the 
name of a person, or a term for some 
fiery element. O'Conor translates 
" Tula regalia"! 

'' Dun-OUai<jli. — Dunolly, in Argyll- 
shire. Referred to as Duin-onlaigh 
(in the genit. form), at the year 700 
infra, and in the accus. form arcem 
cllaigJi, at the year 733. The nomin. 
form, Dun-oUaigh, occurs at the year 
713. 

^ Domnall Brecc. — If this is the 
same Domnall Brecc referred to above 
at the years 641 and 677, as no doubt 
he is, there is much confusion re- 
garding him, not only in these Annals, 
but also in the Annals of Tigcrnach. 
See Keeves' Aiamnan, pp. 202-3. 



The Chnn. Scot., at the year 682 
(^685), records the death of Domnall 
Brecc in nearly the same words 
as are used in the entry at 641 
sujjra. 

* Banian Oscach The epithet 

oscach is possibly for as each, " beyond 
all." He is called " Banban egnaidh,'' 
or " Banban the learned," at his 
festival day (9th May), in the Martyr, 
of Donegal, and " Banban sapiens ' 
in the Martyr, of Tallaght. In the 
Fragments of Annals, at 686, Banban 
is called " Scribe of Kildare." 

* Corcack-mor ; or the " Great 
marsh." Now known as Cork, in 
the south of Ireland, mafie, gen. 
of mati, " great," A. ; maiite, B. 

^ Finntan son of Finnguine. — The 
Ann, Four Mast, (685), and the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



137 



iltltude of his soldiers ; and Tula-aman* burned Dun- 
laigh.' Talorg, son of Acithaen, and Domnall Brecc,^ 
1 of Eocha, died. The killing of Eothachtach, and of 
irgairfc, sons of Finnguine. The death of Banban 
scach '\ the Wise. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 686. The killing of Feradach, son of 
ngal. The repose of Dochuma-Conoc, abbot of Glenn- 
-locha. The 'falling asleep' of Rosseni, abbot of 
Tcach-mor.* The death of Osseni, bishop of the 
Dnastery of Finntan son of Finnguine.*^ Adamnan 
ought back 60 captives' to Ireland. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 687. The repose of Segeni, from 
jhadh-claidib/ bishop of Ard-Macha. Murder of Cano, 
n of Gartnaid. Finsnechta^ entered into religion. The 
ttle of Imlech-Pich,^" wherein fell Dubhdainbher, King 
Ard-Cianachta/^ and Uarcride^'* XJa Osseni ; and 
)ngalach, son of Conang, escaped by flight. Niall, son 
Cemach," was victor. 



[68G.J 



[G87.] 



ron. Scot. 683 (=687), state that 
intaa (called Munnu) was the son of 
ilcan. This Finntan was the founder 
the monastery of Tech-Munnu, or 
ighmon, CO. Wexford. But Osseni 
usually regarded as abbot of 
onenagb, Queen's co., with which 
nntan (Munnu) was also con- 
cted. 

' Captioes. — In the Frag, oj Irish 
nnals, it is stated that these were 
the captives whom the Saxons had 
rried off from Ireland," on the 
casion, apparently, of the de- 
edation recorded above at the year 
!4. 

' Acladh-claidib The situation of 

is place, which would be translated 
Sword-field," is not known to the 
Jitor. 



° Finsnechta. — Finnachta, King of 
Ireland. The Four Mast, say that 
Finnachta went " on his pilgrimage." 
His return to the kingship is men- 
tioned under the next year. 

" Jmlech-Pick. — Emlagh, in a 
parish of the same name, bar. of 
Lower Kells, co. Meath. 

^^ Ard-Cianachta. — Now repre- 
sented by the bar. of Ferrard, co. 
Louth. 

'2 Uarcride. — The Four Mast, state 
that Uarcride was King of Conaille- 
Muirthemne, a district in the present 
CO. Louth. 

" Cernach. — This is the Cernach 
[Sotal, or " the haughty "], son of 
Diarmait, son of Aedh Slan^, whose 
death is noticed at the year G63 
supra. 



138 



ccMNalcc uloroli 



bixonaij Conailli iitdiu, 
"Deicbiji ■Domb lafi ■n-Uaii\c)T,i'Diu ; 
Ml ba ellriiu biaf gen 
1 11-CCiiXT) lafi n-TDubTjairibeix. 

Si^ieccac, 

0)xonctn fule ^o\\ cip, 'Cait)55 ; 
Cen X)ubcuile cen mac tn-Oi\ain, 
Cen T)u btiaiTibe|X a^i aifiT). 

SiiaecbT;ac, 

Sella ipixia lecc leacca, 

pa|x com, ^a]\ imlcoin, •ga]\ mtia, 

"Oobuiti la pap, n-eccfioca. 

TTlona ican 'Dam amne, 

mac Ciaunnmael xiom [-f]ip,ichce, 

■Ropuif pola ocup cfio 

TTlo TDep, "DO ma^ib Imblecho. 

let. lanaip. CCnno -001111111 t»c.° Iccccx." uiii.° lolan 
epfcop Cinnsapac obiiu. Pinpneclica fieuepciuup a-o 
fiesnum. lugulacio T)iapmcn:o Tni7)i 1:1111 CCii^iiieT)ai5 
ceci. ITlopp Ccrcupais nepocip "OomnaiU bpicc. 
Obicuf T)ociiini "Oaipe mupcaipi. ITlopf ■pepa-oaig mic 
Foi. 26a«. Tiuavalmn. TTl opp Tn aele-DU 1 n mic Con aiLLcpan 11 am n a. 
Obpcupaca epc papp polip. 

let. lanaiiri. CCnno 'oomini tjc-" laxK." ix.° Congal 
mac TTlaeil'DUin mic CCexio bennain, fiex lapmuman, 7 



' Sad. — The following stanzas, 
wliich are not in B., are written on 
the lower margin of fol. 26 ft in A. 
The name of the author is not very 
legible; butit looks Uke " Gabaircenn." 
The first stanza occurs in the Frag. 
of Irish Annals, at the year 686, 
where the authorship is ascribed to 
" Gabhorchenn." 
■ Ard.— Put for " Ard-Cianachta." 
» The. hnd of Tadhg. — 'Cip, 



'Cai'655. A Bardic name for the 
land of the sept which gave name to 
Ard-Cianachta, and which was de- 
scended from Tadhg, son of Cian, son 
of Oilill Oluim (King of Munster 
in the 2nd century). 

* Cenngarath. — Kingarth, in Bute, 
Scotland. 

' Returns to the kingship See the 

entrj' under last year regarding 
Fimiachta. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEK. 



139 



Sad' are the Conailli tliis day. 
They have cause, after Uarcride. 
Not I'eadier shall be the sword 
In Ait1,2 after Diibhdainbher. 

Sorrowful, 

The grief that is in the land of Tadhg,^ 
"Without Dubcuile, without Bran's son, 
Without Dubhdaiubher over Ard.^ 

Sorrowful, 

To look at their stony graves — 

To see your dogs, your grayhounds, your women. 

In the possession of your foes. 

If Crundmael's son had not healed 

My sorrow for me, truly, 

Of blood and gore my tears would be, 

For the dead of Imlech. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 688. lolan, bishop of Cenngarath,'' 
ed. Finnachta returns to the kingship.^ The killing of 
armait of Midhe, son of Airmedach ' caech.'" Death 
Cathasach,'' grandson of Domnall Brecc. Death of 
)chinni of Daire-murchaisi.® Death of Feradach, son 
Tuathalan, The death of Maelduin, son of Conall 
•annamhna.' Part of the Sun was darkened. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 689. Congal, son of Maelduin, son of 
idh Bennan, King of lar-Miunha, and Duinechaid son 



[688.] 



[689.] 



Airmedach ' caecA,' i.e., Airme- 
;h " the blind." ceci, for caeci, 
B. 

Cathasach. — This was Cathasach, 
son of Domangart (si. 672 supra), 
was sou of Domnall Brecc. 
Daire-murchaisi. — O'Conor ab. 
aiy translates this " Monasterii 
Doreti maritimL"' The Four Mas- 
: (688) write the name, and 
bably more correctly, " Daire- 
ichaiai," which O'Donovan identi- 



fies (note e, ad. an.) with " Derry- 
brughis, alias Killyman, in the comity 
of Armagh." 

"Maelduin, son of Conall Cran- 
namhna. — Maelduin was the 14th 
King of the Scotch Dalriads. His 
father, Conall Crannamhiia (whose 
obit is entered above at the year 659), 
was the 12th King of the same im- 
portant tribe, and son of the 8th 
King, Eochaidh Buidhe (ob. 628 



140 



cciniccLa ula"Dli. 



'OuinecaiT) mac Oiiicooic, 7 CC1L1II mac "Dunsaile ©line 
mic ScanDail,, ui^ulaoi f tint;. Combtipcio aifiT)!) TYlachcte. 
llloiif pnguine longi 7 pejiatiais meic mic Wechuleicc ; 
7 Choblaic pilia Canonn moiairop. 'Oobecoc Cluana 
ai|XT)T)paufauiu. Uifrinianuipminop pliupCoiifcaiTCini 
annif .x. 

let. lanaiii. CCnno "Domini -dc" xc.° Cjaonan mac 
u Chualne, abbap benncuiii, obnu. 'Cbeo-oofiuf epipco- 
puf Ofiircaniae quieuic. 'Dalpiaci populaui punt; 
Cfiuuniu 7 ULcu. pi^ceallac mac 'Plainn pex lilla 
TTIaine mopiuiip. Uencup majnup .xiii. |ct. Occimbpip 
quopTDam .ui. ex pamilia lae meppir. 

]ct. lanaip. (2 p., I. 7.) CCnno 'oomini -dc." xc.° i.° 
CC-oomnantip .xnn." anno pope patipam "PailBei at) 
hibepnmm pep^it;. Concaxi epipcopupmopicup. ■pepgup 
macCCeT»ain pexm coici-d obnt;. 1u5Ulat;io'rnaeleT)it;pai13 
mic Guganain. Luna in panguineum colopem in nacali 
pancci TTlapcini ueppa epz:. Obpepio "Ouin Deaaae T)ibpi. 

]cl. lanaip. CCnno "Domini "dc xc" 11.° bpuit>e mac 
bill pex ■popcpenT) mopit;up, 7 CClphin mac Mecuin. 



' Orcdoith. — Probably the Orcdoith , 
son of Sechnasach, whose death is 
noticed above, at the year 658. 

^ Bungal of Eilne. — He was pro- 
bably the son of the Scannal referred 
to above, at the year 665, and was 
called " Dungal of Eilne" from a 
territory so called, in the present 
county of Antrim. See O'Donovan's 
Four Mast., A.D. 557, note i. In the 
corresponding:; entry in the Ckron. 
Scot., 686=689, Dungal's son, AUill, 
is called King of the [Irish] " Crui- 
thne," or " Picts." His name occurs 
also in the list of Kings of Dalaraide, 
in the Booh of Lelnster, p. 41, col. 
6. 

' Tall— Or the " Long." 

* Dobecoc of Cluain-ard. — Dobecoc 
■was also called Mob^coc, both being 



devotional forms of the name Becan. 
The church, anciently called Cluaiii- 
ard'Mohecoc, is now known, accord- 
ing to O'Donovau, as the old church 
of Kilpeacan, in the bar. of Clanwil- 
liam, CO. Tipperary. (^Ann. Four 
Mast., A.D. 689,note/.) This Becan 
is wrongly said to be of Cluain-Iraird 
(Clonard, co. Meath), in Tigernach 
(690), Four Mast. (687), and Fraff. 
of Irish A?inals (690). 

° Justinian. — This entry is some- 
what out of place, as Justinian the 
younger began to reign a.d. 685. 

' Of Bangor [in Down].— bentl- 
cuip,, A., B. 

' Dalriata. — " It is doubtful 
whether these were the people of 
Scotch or Irish Dalriada. The scene 
of their depredation was the territo- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



141 



Orcdoith,' and Ailill, son of Dungal of Eilne/ son of 
annal, were slaiu. The burning of Armagh. The 
ath of Finguine the Tall/ and of Feradach the Fat 
a of Nechtlecc ; and Coblaith daughter of Cano dies. 
Dbfecoc of Cluain-ard^ rested. Justinian^ the younger, 
n of Constantine, [reigns] ten years. 
Kal. Jan. A.T>. 690. Cronan son of Ua Chualne, abbot 

Bangor," died. Theodore, bishop of Britain, rested. 
16 Dalriata' spoiled the Cruithni and the Ulaid. Fith- 
ellach, son of Flann, King of Ui-Maine, dies. A great 
jrm, on the 16th of the Kalends of October, over- 
helmed some six persons of the community of la. 
Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 7.) A.D. 691. Adamnan comes 

Ireland in the fourteenth year^ after the death of 
lilbhe. Conchad the bishop dies. Fergus son of Aedan, 
ing of the Province,' died. The killing of Maeldith- 
ibh son of Eoganan. The moon was turned^" into the 
)lour of blood on the Nativity of St. Martin. The 
ege of Dun-Deav£e dibsi}^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 692. Bruide son of Bili, King of 
Drtrenn, dies, and Alphin son of Nechtin. The death" of 



s of the Cruithne and Ulidians, 

w the county of Down, and the 

athern half cf Antrim." Eeeves' 

lamnan, p. 377, note d. 

' Fourteenth yenr. — The Abbot 

lilbhe died on the 22nd March, 679. 

is death is entered above under the 

ar 678=679. 

^Fergus son of Aedan, King of the 

rovince By "the Province," is 

eant Ulidia, generally designated in 
ish Annals the coiciTi, " fifth," or 
rovince. The Four Masters (689, 
'Donovan's ed.) have " Fergus son 
: Lodan." The Frag. oflr. Annals 
92) have " Fergus son of Aodhan." 
at the name in the list of " Kings 
Ulad " in the Book of Leinster (p. 
I , col. 3) is " Oengus son of Aedan," 



who is stated to have reigned 16 
years. 

" Was tamed. — t(ep.|^a ere. 
Omitted in A. 

" Diin-Deavm ' dibsL' — This name 
must be corrupt, the last member 
thereof, ' dibsi,' being quite unintel- 
ligible. Dean Keeves thinks that 
" Dundaff," south of Stirling (Scot- 
land) may have been intended. Adam- 
nan, p. 378, note e. 

"i)ea(/j.~Tnorif, A. MS. B. has 
theabbrev. for "et" instead of mofip 
and makes the entry run on as a con- 
tinuation of the previous sentence, 
which ends with "Nechtin," in A. 
Clar. 49 does not exactly agree with 
A. or B. But the variations are of 
no importance. 



[C90.] 



[691.] 



[692.] 



142 



CCNNCClCX; «lCCT)tl. 



ITlopf "Dipac epifcopi 'Pepnann, 7 bpan nepof 'Paelaen 
fiex l-asenencuim moiirui punr. Ceallach mac Uonani 
moiia mojii^up. bellom incep Ofiiaip octip Laigniu 
in quo ceci'Dir 'Paelcap nepop TTl aeleo-opae. lugulacio 
Foi. 26aJ. CCinpcig 7 mez 'Heill 7 -piliopum boentjo. TTlopf 
"Ooepsaifit; mic pinsume. bellum conqia [pilitim] 
PanT:e. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -DOiTiini 'oc.° xc" in." Ciaon becc 
abbap Cluana mic 11 Moip obnc. beccpola epipco- 
pup quieuir;. lujulcrcio Cepbaill mic inaeLeoT)pae. 
Obpepio -Diiin pocep. TTIopp pepcaip mic Conaec 
cipp. Domiiall mac CCuin pex CCLocluace mopicup 
Tlui-openi campi bile quieuiu. Obiuip Cponani 
balm. 

let. lanaip. (ui. p., luna x.) CCnno "oomini "dc." ccc.° 
1111." ■pinpneachra pea; "Cempo 7 bpepal pilmp eiup 
lujulaci punu (05 5peallai§ ■DoUais) apuD (aliap ab) 
CCe'o mac "Olucais (mic CCilella mic CCexia plaine) 
7 a Congalac mac Conaing (mic Congaile mic CCe'Da 
plaine). 



' Of the Leinstermen. — Luj;enen- 
ciam, A. 

- Died. — niop,cui -jpu'i^i f<"' nwfi- 
cuuip epc, in A. Omitted in B, 

^ Dies. — moifi, for ■mojii!:ui\, or 
Tnoixcuii]p epc, A. mofictii punc, 
B. 

* Grandson of Maelodar (or Maelo- 
dhar). — Faelchar was son of Forandal, 
son of Maelodhar, son of Scaulan 
M(5r (King of Ossory ; whose obit 
the Four Mast, give under A.d, 
640). 

^ Ainftecli — Nieth-NeiU — Boenda. 
— The bearers of these names have 
not been identified by the Editor. 

" Doergart. — Apparently the Dar- 



gavt son of Finnguine, whose killing 
(" Jugulatio ") is noticed above at the 
year 685. This Finnguine may have 
been the same as Finghin, fourth in 
descent from Conall (son of Com- 
ghall), 6th King of the Scotch Dal- 
riads. SeeEeeves' Adamnan, Geneal. 
Table of Dalriadic King.'!. 

''Against [the son o/] Penda. — 
concfia pernja, A., B., and Clar. 
49. But Penda had been at this time 
thirty-eight years dead. (See at the 
year 655, sii-pra). The Chron. Scot. 
(689) more correctly reads concfia 
plium pentia (" against the son of 
Penda.") This son of Penda must 
have been iEthelred, who succeeded to 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



143 



rath, bishop of Ferns, and Bran grandson of Faelan, 
ng of the Leinstermen,' died.= Cellach, son of Ronan 
)r, dies.'* A battle between the Osraighi and the 
instermen, in which fell Faelchar, grandson of 
lelodar." The killing of Ainftech,^ and of Nieth- 
dll,' and of the sons of Boenda.= The death of 
ergart," son of Finguine. A battle against [the son 
Penda.' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 693. Cron Becc, abbot of Cluain-mic- 
is, died. Beccfhola, a bishop, rested. The killing of 
L-bhall, son of Maelodar. The siege of Dun-Fother." 
ath of Ferchar,' son of Connadh Cerr. Domnall, son 
Auin,^" King of Al-Cluaith, dies. Huidreni of Magh- 
B, rested. The death of Cronan of Balna." 
Sal. Jan. (Frid., m. 10.) a.d. C94. Finsnechta,^'' 
Qg of Tara, and Bresal his son, were slain (at Grellach- 
laigP^), by" Aedh, son of Dluthach (son" of Ailill, son 
Aedh Slane), and by Congalach, son of Conang (son" 
Congal, son of Aedh Slanfe). 



[693.] 



[CM.] 



Kingship of the Mercians in 675, 
he death of his brother, Wulfhere. 

the last battle uEthelred is stated 
are fought was a battle against 
5 Ecgferth of Northumbria, in 

{Anglo-Sax. Chron.) In this 
, the above entry is somewhat out 
lace. See Lappenberg's England 
r the Anglo-Saxon Kings, 
)rpe's Transl.), London, 1845, vol. 
.291. 
Dtm-Fotlier. — See above, at the 

680. 

'^erchar, — He was the 10th King 
le Scotch Dalriads. 
Auin. — See a note on this name, 
r the year 641 supra. 
Balna. — Now Balla, bar. of Clan- 
is, CO. Mayo. 



'^ Finsnechta, i.e., Finnacltla. — An 
old hand has added ■pteTiac (" the 
Festive,") in the margin in A. 

" At GreVach-Dollaigh O'Dono - 

van thought this the place now called 
Girley, two miles to the south of 
Kells, CO. Meath. Ann. Four Mast., 
A.D. 693, note q. The name of the 
place is twice added in A., firstly, 
a ngiveallais xiollais ("in Greal- 
lach-Dollaigh") over the name of 
Finsneehta, and again, 05 5|veat" 

laig Tiollais (" at G D "), 

over the words pitiuY- eiur. 

"5;/ — apu'o, atia]p ab, in A. 
ab, in B. 

'^Son. — The original of these clauses 
is interlined in A. and £. 



144 



aNijcclcc ulccoli. 



.b. 



triolinj locmix cecinic ; — 

Oa T)nayan no -prifnecca, 
1nT5iu laigiT) c)^ol15e ; 
■Ranibe la pj^ti ninie, 
"OilguT) ma boixaime; 

In bejin pop-fmbic pinynecca 
1mmaf|aeit;if ixigyxiatiai, 
CCet) Tioicli ^efiifa tio caiU, 
CCcofixolaic nifp,ia-Dai. 

Occipio 'CaiT)55 mic 'Paelbei in ualle peUip. Cfuief 
ITIinnbaiiienn abbacif CCchaiD bo. 'J^ainiitie Lusmai-o 
730]imiuic. ITloiif biiain mic Conaill bicc 'Comtiat; 
uxop pepcaiji mopiDup. ITIoitp ConaiU piln 'Cucrcail. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno TDomini tdc." xc." ii.° Uijulacio 
"Oomnaill -pilii Conaill cpan'oamncci. pnnsuine mac 
canif fine macpe, ]iex TTlunian, mo]^lcu]^ pepgal 
CCitine ev ■piannamail mac TTlennaic mopiuncup. 
Loceni menu fapienp, abbap Cille -Daiia, uisulacuf efc. 
Cummene ningDoiirie paupac. Congalach mac Conains 
pilii Congaile piln CCex)0 plane mopicup. Loinspec 
mac CCengtipa pajnape incipic. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 'Domini ■oc." xc.° ui.° 'Capacin ve 
pegno expulpup apt:, pepcap poca mopicup. CC-oom- 



' Moling Lochair (or Moling 
Luachra), founder, and patron, of 
Tech-Moling, or St. MuUiii's, co. 
Carlow. The stanzas folloTving, not 
in B., are written in the lower margin 
of fol. 2Ga in A., with a mark of 
reference to their place in the text. 

'"■ Borama.' — A large tribute ex- 
acted by the Kings of Ireland from 
the Leinstermen, from the time of 
King Tnathal Techtmar, in the second 
century, to the time of Finnachta. 
The circumstances attending the im- 
position of the Borama, and the 
way in which St. Moling succeeded 
in obtaining its remission from King 



Finnachta, form the subject of a long 
tract in the Book ofLeiiisterT^. 294J,s2. 

3 Aed. — The original text seems 
corrupt, and therefore difficult of 
translation. 

■* Glenn-gaimhin. — Or " Gleim- 
geimhin." In uatte pellip, A. B. 
" Vallis pellis " is an accurate trans- 
lation of the name Glenn-geimhin, 
which was the old name of the vale 
of the Kiver Eoe, near Dungiven 
(Dun-geimhin), in the county of 
Londonderry. 

^ Minnbairenn. — The name is 
" Meann Boirne" (Meann of Boirend), 
in the Ann. Four Mast. (C93). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



145 



Moling Lochair' sang : — 

It were sad for Finsneclita 
To lie to-day in liis gory bed. 
May he be with the men of Heaven, 
For the remission of the ' Borama.'^ 

The gap in which Finsnechta was slain — 
Round which kingly cavalcades would ride — 

Aed^ 

Since it has hidden him, he'll not ride over it. 

e killing of Tadhg, son of Failbhe, in Glenn-gaimlnn.'' 

e repose of Minnbairenn;'* abbot of Aehadh-bo. 

imide of Lugmadh" slept. Death of Bran, son of 

Qall Becc' Tomnat, wife of Ferchar,' dies. Death 

Conall, son of Tuathal. 

E^al. Jan. A.D. 695. The assassination of Domnall,^ [695.] ms. 

I of Conall Crandamna. Finnguine, son of Cu-cen- 

thair,^" King of Munster, dies. Fergal of Aidhne," and 

innamhail, son of Mennach, died. Loclieni Menn, the 

ise, abbot of Kildare, was slain. Cummene, of Mug- 

:na, rests. Congalach, son of Conang, son of Cougal, 

I of Aedh Slanfe, dies. Loingsecti, son of Aengus, begins 

reign. 

ECal. Jan. A.D. 696. Tarachin^^ was expelled from the 

Lgship. Ferchar the Tail'" dies. Adamnau proceeded 



[C9C.] 



Lugmadh. — Now Louth, in the 

ity of the same name. 

Conall Secc; i.e., "Conall the 

le." 

Wife of Ferchar — Apparently 

Ferchar, son of Gonad Cerr (King 

le Scotch Dalriads), whose death 

[tered under the preceding year. 

Domnall This was Domnall 

a (or " Brown Domnall "), 13th 
r of Dalriada. 

Cu-cen-mathair. — " Canis sine 
•e." His death is recorded under 
rear 664 supra. 



11 Fergal of Aidhne — Hewas King 
of Connaught, and grandson of 
Guaire Aidhne, whose obit is given 
above at the year GG2. 

'-' Tarachin — King of the Picts of 
Scolland. Referred to under the form 
'■ Tarain " at the year G98. See 
Keeves' Adamnan, p. 134, note a. 

" Ferchar the Tall. — Or " Ferchar 
the Long " (pep-caji poca). Ferchar 
was the first Prince of the House of 
Loarn who became King of the 
Dalriads, having succeeded to (he 
position on the death (in 688, supra) 
L 



146 



ccNNala ulccDli. 



namif a7)h ibep,ni am pe)i5icec'DeT)ic legem mnocencium 

populif. echo nepof "DomnaillnisulacopefT:. TTDael,- 

ipocaficais mac 1TlaelT)UiB ^lexna n-CCip.5iaUamo)iicti)i. 

Immapecc Ciianncliae tibi cecixiit; pejiat)ac mac 
Foi. 26ia. TTlaele'Doic. bellum inlcon. ecompaf mac Congaile 

mic ^tiaij-ie ui5UlaT;iif ep-. ITIolins iochaiyi -oopmiuir;. 

Oiiiconep ec Ulai-o uai^caueiaunc campum 1TlinpT:eiifine. 

Cappan pcpiba o tui^ca quieiiii:. Itigiilacio Concoljo. 

let. lanaip. CCnno Tjomini "dc." ccc." iin.° bellum i 
Pepiinmtiis iibi ceci-oepunc Concobop TTlacbae mac 
ITlaele'DUin ocup CCev aipD'o pex'oail CCpai-oe. Oelltim 
incep Saxonep eu picco]- ubi ceci-DiT: bepnic qui tiice- 
bacup bpeccpiT). Combupcio T)uin Onlaig. Gxpulpio 
OCiiipcellais P'^-i' 'Pepcaip tdc pegno, ez uinct;up av 
Tlibepmam uechicup. TTlopp 'Popannain abbacip Cille 
'oapo, ocup TTlaeleDUin mic TTlonsain. TTlopp TTIuip- 
7;iupa mic ITlaele'DUin, pejip genepip Coipppi. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini "dc." xc.° uiii." bouina 
pcpagep in Saxonia. bellum piannamla mic Oppeni. 
■Capain av ilibepniam pepgic. 



cfMaelduin,sonof ConallCrannamna, 
(14th King of Dalriada), and the last 
Kmg of the line of Fergus Mor Mac- 
Erca. second King of Dalriada. 

' Law of the Innocents. — See 
Eeeves' Adamnan, p. 179. The Frag, 
of Annals, at 69S, state the law was 
against killing children or women. 

2£c7m.— duclia, B. " Eucha," 
Clar. 49. 

^ Crannach, i.e. " a place full of 
trees." Not identified. The word 
imtnaifiecc (translated "conflict") 
is rendered by " Scirmish " in Clar. 49. 

■• Battle of Uilcon. — baeV (for 
belltim) A. For Uilcon, Clar. 49 
has Ulcor. O'Conor prints Julcon, 
and thinks there is something omitted. 
The Editor cannot explain the entry. 

• Congal. — The death of a 



" Congha], son of Guaire," is entered 
above at the j'ear 684. 

" Holing Lochair. See under the 
year 694 supra. 

' Cassan. — This is the same as the 
" Caisin " of the Four Masters (at the 
3'ear 695). See Colgan's Acta 
Sanctorum, p. 781. 

' Ciicohha. — " The hound of Cobha." 
Probably some chieftain of the race 
of Eochaidh Cobha, from whom the 
tribe of Ui-Echach-Cobha derived 
their descent. See Reeves' Feci, 
Antiqq,, p. 349. 

° Fernmagh. — Now represented by 
the barony of Farney, co. Monaghan. 
The Four Masters state (696) that 
thia battle was fought in " Tuloch- 
Garroisg " in Fernmagh, which place 
has not been identified. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



147 



[reland, and gave the ' Law of the Innocents "■ to the 
iple. Echu,^ grandson of Domnall. was slain. Mael- 
lartaigh, son of MaeMubh, King of the Airghialla, 
3. The conilict of Crannach;' in which fell Feradachi 

of Maeldoith. The battle of Uilcon.* Ecomras, son 
Congal/ son of Guaire, was slain. Moling Lochair" 
)t. The Britons and Ulidians devastated Magh- 
irthemhne. Cassan,' scribe of Lusk, rested. The 
rder of Cncobha." 

Lai. Jan. A.D. 697. A battle in Fernniagh," in which 
ichobar of Macha, son of Maelduin, and Aedh Aird/° 
ig of Dal-Araide, were slain. A battle between 
:ons and Picts, in which fell Bernith, who was 
ed Brectrid." The burning of Dun-OUaigh.^'' The 
ulsion of Ainf cellach/^ son of Ferchar, from the king- 
5, and he was carried'* in chains to Ireland. The 
th of Forannan, abbot of Kildare ; and of Maelduin, 

of Mongan. The death of Muirges, son of Maelduin, 
ig of Cinel-Coirpri. 

[al. Jan. A.u. 698. A mortality of cows in Saxon- 
i.'' The battle of Fiannamail son of Osseni. Tarain'" 
3eeds to Ireland. 



[697.] 



[698.] 



iedh Aird. — '' Acdh of Ard." 
;h Hugh," Clar. 49. The name 
itten Aedh Airedh in the Ann. 
Mast. (696), and Aed Airech 
Aed'] And, in the list of the 
s of Dalaraide in the Book of 
ier (p. 41, col. 5), where Aed is 
I to have been slain in the battle 
'ernmag. The entry of this 
! in the Fra//. of Annals (697) 
}• inaccurate. 

ternith, who was called Brecirtd. 
e "Berctus," or "Behrt," who 
d the plain of Bregia in 684. 
ibove under that year. The 
i-Sax. Chron. has the death of 
rht the aldorman'' at the year 
Thm-pe^s Translation). 



12 Burning of Bun- Olliagh. — Com- 
bu-pci 'ouiti Onlaij, A. The name 
of JDuuolly (see note under the year 
685 supra) is also written T.uin On- 
taig, in the genit. case, at the year 
700 infra. 

" Ainfcellach. — The son of Ferchar 
Fota (or "Ferchar the Tall.") Ho 
was of the House of Loarn Mor, and 
17th King of the Scotch Dalriads. 
The death of Ainfcellach, in the battle 
of Finn-glenn, is recorded under the 
year 718 infra. See under the years 
733 and 735. 

" Carried. — uechlcuifi, B. Vehi- 
tur, Clar. 49. 

" Saxon-land. — -Saxonia. England. 

'° Tarain. — Apparently the Tara- 

l2 



148 



ccMNalcc nlcroti. 



.b. jet. Ian ai 11. CCnno •Domini -dc." xc." ix.° (Xccen)^aefo 

bouma moiicctlicccp in llibeiima i ]th pebptii in campo 
"Cjieso 1 Cecbai. Cfinep CCe-oo ancho)aii;e o Sleibciu. 
"Dopmioacio laiinbaig abbacii^ lif moiii. pannamaib 
nepof 'Ouncba'DO, pex T)al fimn, octif piann mac 
Cin-Dpaebax) mic Stiibne, nijulan func. CCupmnle 
nepof Ciiunntnail "oe iiegno expulftip in Oi-iicanniam 
pepjic. pamep ec pepcilencia .in. annif in nibepnia 
pacca efc, vc homo hommem comexiepec. piann albtif 
mac ITlaelecuile .1. -oe geneiie Gugain, nepop Ciiunnmail 
(.1. mic Smbne mint)) mopictip. 

jet. 1anai]i. CCnno T)omini T)cc.° Oouina mopcali- 
cap. Colman auae Oipc, Cealbac mac TTIaelepacho 
eppcop, 1)10011111 abba)^ Cluana amp, mopiiiii punc 
Foi. 2Gib. CCilill mac Con csn macaip pex ITltiman mopicup. 
■peiDolmix) mac ■pepgupa mic OCex)ain mopicup. Iiigu- 
lauio CCexio ODbae. CCe-o mac "Dlnchais, Conjab mac 
e-nganain, mopoui ptinc. Imbaipecc i Son tibi ceci- 



chin, whose expulsion from the king- 
ship [of the Picts of Scotland], is 
mentione.l at the year 696 supra, 

'Aedh O'Donovau says {Fotir 

Mast.,i\.i>. 69S, note i), that "this 
was the Aldus of Sleibte [Sleaty, bar. 
of Slievemargy, Queen's county], 
mentioned in Tirechan's Annotations 
on the Life of St. Patrick, preserved 
in the Book of Armagh." 

- larnlach, — Skene copies this entry 
(^Chron. Picts and Scots, p. 352), under 
the impression that larnlach was 
abbot of Lismore in Scotland. But 
Oolgan regarded him as connected 
with Lismore, in the co. Waterford, 
and the same as the larlugh whose 
festival is given at the 1 6th January, 
in the Martijr. of Donegal. {AA. 
SS., p. 155.) 

^ Fiannamall Va Dimchada. — " F. 
descendant of Dunchad.'' Prohably 



the same as the " Fiannamail son of 
Osseni," mentioned imder the preced- 
ing year. 

' Dal-Riata.—T\\(i Irish Dal-Riata, 
or Dalriads. 

^ Flann. — The Four Mast, state 
(a.d. 698), that Flann had been 
chief of the Cinel-Eoghain. 

** Kingship. — The kingship, or 
chieftaincy, of the Cinel-Eoghain. 

' Suibne Mend. — The death of 
Suibne Mend (or Suibhne Menu), 
who had been king of Ireland, is re- 
corded above at the year 627. This 
clause, added by way of gloss in A., 
is not in B. ; but it is in the text of 
Clar. 49. 

"Mortality of Cows. — " Bovina 
adhuc mortalitas," Clar. 49. 

'■' Co/man Ua Oirc, i.e., " Colman, 
grandson (or descendant) of Ore. 
The Four Masters (at a.d. 700) call 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



149 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 699. A cow mortality broke out in [699.] ms. 

sland, on the Kalends of Febrnary, in Magh-Trega in 

:thba. The repose of Aedh/ anchorite, of Sleibhte. 

le falKng asleep of larnlach," abbot of Lis-mor. Fian- 

mail Ua Dunchada/ King of Dal-Riata/ and Fiann/ 

1 of Cennfaeladh, son of Suibhne, were slain. Aur- 

aile, grandson of Crunnmael, having been expelled from 

e kingship," goes into Britain. A famine and plague 

evailed during three years in Ireland, so that man 

)uld eat man. Flann Finn, son of Maeltuile, i.e., of 

e Cinel-Eoghain, grandson of Crunnmael (i.e.," son of 

ibne Mend),'' dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 700. A 'mortality of cows." Colman [700.] 

I Oirc,^ Cellach son of Maelracha, a bishop, [and] 

cuill," abbot of Cluain-eois, died. Ailill, son of Cu-cen- 

ithau-," King of Munster, dies. Feidelmidh, son of 

irgus, son of Aedhan,^' dies. The assassination of Aedh 

Ibha.^' Aedh, son of Dluthach,'' [and] Congal, son of 

)ganan, died. A conflict in Scii^°, in which Conaing, son 



1 Colman Ua hEirc (" C. grandson 
lescendant) of Ere," and state that 
was abbot of Cluain-Iraird 
onard in Meath.) The Martyr of 
•legal has bis festival at Dec. 5. 
^ Dicuill. — O'Conor, in a note on 
ecclesiastic (cid an.') says that this 
the author of the well-known 
k De Mensura Orbis Terrie. But 
i work was not written before 825. 
Reeves' AdamTmn^ p. 1G9, note. 
' Cu-cen-viaihair. — Lit. " Mother- 
Hound." His obit is entered 
ve at the year 6C4. 
- Aedhan. — This was possibly Aed- 
, son of Mongan, son of Fiachna 
■gan (King of Ulad). See note 7, 
,he year 024 sujyra, and Book of 
ister, p. 635, col. 7. The death 
i.edhan, son of Mongan, is entered 
ve at the year 615, where he is 
. to have been King of Dalaraide. 



i3.1ec7/i Of^i/ia.— " Aedhof Odbha." 
Regarding the situation of Odbha, see 
O'Donovan's Foti,r IJast., a.m. 3502, 
note i. 

"Aedh son of Dluthacli. — See above 
under the year C94, where Aedh is 
mentioned as one of the persons en- 
gaged in killing King Finachta. 

'^^1 conflict ill Scii. — Imbaiixecc 
1 Sen. Dean Reeves translates this 
" bellum navale" {Adamnart, 37S), 
and Skene "Water battle " (CTren. 
Plots and Scots., p. 35.3). Both were 
no doubt misled by O'Conor, who 
wrongly prints Imhairecc iscu, and 
translates " prselium navale," con- 
founding the words 1 -pen ("in Skye") 
with uiy'ce, the Irish for " water." 
The name of Skye is written " Scia" 
in Adamnan (lib. i., cap. 33). See 
Reeves' ed., p. 62, note b. 



150 



CCMNCClCC ula'oli. 



■Deyiunt; Conainj; mac TDunchaDO ez piliuf CtiaiiTiai. 
"Difcfiuccio Tiiiin Onl,ai5 apuT) Sealbac. lu^ulcrcio 
genefiif Ccrcbo^. Itigtilaicio ConaiU mic Suibne fegif 
na n-'Oeifi. Coiiall mac T)onennai5 yiex neyiocum 
Pnnsenci moiiirufi. Occifio MeiU mic Cepnais. 
ip.j;alac nepof Conaing occit)it: lUum. 

let. lanaiti. CCnno -Domini ticc.°i.° niuivieT)ac campi 
CCi (aliaip muUac leacan, mac ■petisiifa) moi[\iciii-t. 
Ipgalac nepof Conaing a bpiconibuf lujulacuf efc 
in infi mac Nefan. ■paolnoboiT. Clocaip TDOjimiuiT;. 
nriaccnia ^lex nepoT^um Gctac lilac, CCilill mac Cinn- 
Ipaela'D ]\ex Ciannaclrea, moiicui punt;, octip ^'^l^^ccn 
TTliTie, ocup C0I55U mac TTloenais abbap tupcan, ociip 
Luac poi5T)e ocup Cpaceppaip, papienr;ep, mopT;tii 
punc. 'Cibepiup cepap annip .tin. pegnauic. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno •Domini "dcc" 11.° bellum campi 
CulmTi in aipDD nepocum n-ecnaig, incep tllcu et; 
bpiconep, ubi pibup Ra'ojainn ceciDir, [a-oueppapiup] 



' Dundiad. — Probably Dunchad, 
son of the Conaing, son of Aedhan, 
M'liose death by drowning is entered 
at the year G21, supra. The death 
of Dunchad (or Dancath, as the name 
is also written), is noticed above at 
the year 653. 

^ Dun-OIlaiff/i. — DunoUy, near 
Oban, in Scotland. This place is 
mentioned at the years 685, 697, 
suiira, and at 713, 733, infra. 

^ By. — apuT). Used also in the 
same sense at the year 713. 

* SelbacJi — Son of Ferchar Fada 
(of the House of Loarn), lEth King of 
Dalriada, whose death is entered 
above under the year 696. On the 
death of his brother, Ainfcellach, in 
719, Selbach succeeded to the king- 
ship. 

' Of (he Cinel-Caihbotha — 'gene- 
|\ip cacbot. Cinel-Cnthbotha (or 



Cinel-Cathbaid) was the tribe -name 
of the descendants of Cathbad, grand- 
son of Loarn Mor, 1st King of the 
Scotch Dalriads. 

" Ui-Fulgenti. — For Pitisenci, A. 
and B. mcorrectly read ■piiinf;enci 
(which wovild mean " Fair Gentiles," 
and was the name applied by the Irish 
to one class of the Norse invaders of 
Ireland). For the situation and history 
of the Ui-Fidgenti, see O'Donovan's 
Four Masters, note m, at a.d, 1178. 

' Niall, son of Cernach. — The Fouf 
Masters (699) have Nial Ua Cear- 
naigli ("Niall, grandson of Cernach"), 
which is probably wrong. The Niall 
here referred to was seemingly the 
Niall, son of Cernach, mentioned 
above at the year 687 ; the death of 
whose father, Cernach [Sotail], is 
entered under 663, supra. 

' Irgalach Ua Cotwing "Irgalach, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



161 



■ Duncliad/ and the son of Cuanna, were slain. The 
jstruction of Dun-Ollaigh^ by' Selbach." The killing of 
le Cinel-Cathbotha.^ The assassination of Conall, son 
: Siiibhne, King of the Desi. Conall, son of Donennach, 
ing of the Ui-Fidgenti/ dies. The killing of Niall, 
in of Cernach.' Irgalach Ua Conaing" killed him. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 701. Muiredach of Magh-Ai (alias t'Ol] 
nuUach leathan,'^ son of Fergus), dies. Irgalach^" Ua, 
onaing was slain by Britons, in Inis-mac-Nesan." 
aeldobhar, of Clochar, slept. Maccnia, King of Ui- 
chach-Ulad, [and] Ailill son of Cennfaeladh, King of 
ianachta, died ; and Garbhan of Midhe, and Colgu son 
" Maenach, abbot of Lusk, and Luath-foigde, and 
irach-erpais, sages, died. Tiberius^^ Caesar reigned seven 
3ars. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 702. The battle of Magh-Culiud in [ro2.] 
rd-Ua-nEchach," between Ulidians and Britons, in 
hich fell the son of Radhgann [the enemy"] of God's 



scendant (or grandson) of Conaing.'' 
le Four Masters (699) state that 
"alaeh was " son of Conaing," as in 
s Frag, of Irish Annals (a.d. 700, 
2). In the latter authority', at the 
ir indicated, some very curious 
rtictlars are given regarding this 
iiarkable character, and his strange 
itest with Adamnan. See also 
eves' ^4(?«mnn)!, pp. liii-, liv., 179. 
alach's death is entered under the 
it year ; and his son, Cinaeth, is 
ntioned at 723. 

' ' Mnlladi kaihan.'— This nick- 
ne signifies " of the broad crown ;" 
" latus vertex." The clause is not 
B.,orinClar. 49. 
» Irgalach. — See note ". 
1 Jnis-mac-Nesan. — " The Island 
Lhe sons of Nesan." The old name 
Ireland's Eye, near Howth, co. 
blin. 



'2 Tiberius — Tiberius Absimarus, 
Emperor of the East from 698 to 705. 

"JUagh-Ctdirtd, in Ard-Ua-nEchach, 
— Magh-Culind has not been identi- 
fied. Ard-Ua-nEchach (" the height 
of the Ui -Echach ") was probably the 
name of a district in the present 
baronies of Upper and Lower Iveagh, 
CO. Down, which represent the Ui- 
Echach-Ulad (or "descendants of 
Eocha of Ulster"). 

" The enemy. — The word a-oueji- 
rap.iu|', which seems to have been 
omitted in A., B., and Clar. 49, occurs 
in the Chron. Scot, (at 699), and in the 
Frag, of Annals (703). The name of 
Eathgann (or Eadgund, as it is written 
in the Frag, of Ann.') is omitted in the 
Chron. Scot. O'Conor, with his usual 
inaccuracy, prints in place of the 
above clause, " Ecclesiarum Dei 
fVindicatorea] Vlait victores erant." 



152 



CCNNttlCC nlCCDll. 



.b. 



Fol. 27aa- 



aecclefiaiitim "Dei. Ulaiu tncroiief epanc. bellum 
Coi"iainn, in cfuo ceciDepuiiz: Loingfec mac Oengufa 
micTDomnaill mic Oievo mic CCinmii-iecich, iiexhibe]finie, 
cum qiibuf pilnf ftnp (.1. let Ceallach loca Cime mac 
Rax)aUai5), ec 'Dtio pin Coljen, ec TDub-Dibefis^ mac 
T)un5aile ec ■pepgtif popcpai-c, ev Conjal sabpa, ez 
cecejii miilci 'oucef ; 1111. id. lulu, ui." hopa Diei fabbaci 
hoc bellum conpeccum efc. Colman mac pmnbapii, 
abbap Lip moiii, mopcuup epc. CCilen •oainsen aex>\- 
ptcaiiup. pefigupfaii mac Ulaelcon mojauuuf epc. 
Obpepfio Rice. 

}ct. lanaiifi. CCnno -oomini "dcc." ui.° Sqiagep -oal 
Uiaici in ualle bmnae. CCoomnanup .h:x.° uii.° anno 
aeuacif pue, abbap kce, paupac CCl-oppic mac Oppu, 
papienp, pex Saxonum, mopicup. Oellum pop Cloenttc 
ubi uiccop puic Ceallac Cualann, in quo ceciT)it; 
boT)bcac ITliDe mac "Depmaco. 'Pocapcach nepop 
Cepnaig pugic. ■pepaxjac mac maelexiuin pex genepip 
ioegaipe ceci'oic. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini t)cc.° 1111.° CennpaeUro 
nepop CCe-bobpicc, abbapbenncaip, "Dopmiebac. bellum 



' Corann. — Another account of this 
battle is adiled, in an old hand, on the 
lower margin of fol. 26 &, in A. : — . 
CacCoixairiTDin quocecroic Loin5- 
pec mac Oenjiupa, i^i G-rienn, cum 
c^xibup piliip puip, 7 yii Cmiipifii 
■Difioma dial), 7 \i-\ .h. Coiiciill 
gabjfia, 7 .X. riig -DO laijaib &iT.enn 
iniaiUe iiiu pern, lii cloinpiTD 
tii cirro Oenai5 Lo5a icii\ dnet 
ConaiM 7 Connaclica. Cellach 
Cime mac Rajallaig mic tiacach, 
1X1 Connaclic [ ]. 

"The battle of Corand in which 
fell Loingsech, son of Oengus, King 
of Ireland, with his three sons, and 
the King of Cairpri of Driura-eliabh, 
and the King of Ui-Conaill-Gabhia, 
and ten kings of the kings of Ireland 



along with theui. In Cloenfind, at the 
head of Oenagh-Logha [it wasfought], 
between the Cinel-Conaill and Cou- 
naughtmen. Cellach Cime, sou of 
Baghallach, son of Uata, King of 
Connaught [ ]." A few 

words have been cut off by, the binder., 
^ Saturday. — The criteria above 
given indicate that tlie true date of 
the battle of Corann was a.d. 704, 
when the 4th of the Ides (or 12th) 
of July fell on a Saturday. See 
O'Flaherty's Ogi/gia, p. 432. 

^ Allen~dainr/eu. — This name would 
signify "a strong island," or the 
"island of two daughters" (Aileii- 
da-ingeTi). It has not been identiiied. 
Its destruction is recorded at the 
I year 713 infra. 



AJ^NALS OF ULSTEK. 



153 



irches. The Ulidians were victors. The battle of 
rami,' in which were slain Loingsech, son of Oengus, 
[ of Domnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, Kino- of 
land, together with his three sons, (i.e., by Cellach of 
3h-Cime, son of Eaghallach), and two sons of Coign, 
\ Dubhdiberg son of Dungal, and Fergus Forcraith, 
1 Conall Gabhi-a, and ma.ny other chieftains. On the 
I of the Ides of July, at the 6th hour of Saturday ," 
s battle was fought. Colman, son of Finnbarr, abbot 
Lis-nior, died. Ailen-daingen" is built. Fergussan, 
L of Maelcon, died. The siege of Eithe."' 

ECal. Jan. a.d. 703. Slaughter of the Dal-Riata in [703.] bis 
inn-Limna.'^ Adamnan, abbot of la, rests in the 77th 
ir of his age. Aldfrith the Wise, son of Oswiu," dies, 
aattle at Cloenath,'' where Cellach Cualann was victor ; 
which fell Bodbcath of Meath, son of Diarmait. 
jartach,^ grandson of Cernach, fled. Feradach, son of 
.elduin. King of Cinel-Laeghaire, was slain." 
ELal. Jan. a.d. 704. Cennfaeladh descendant of Aedh [704.] 
3CC, abbot of Bangor, slept. The battle of Corc- 



Sieffe of Rithe. — Obrepo, A. 
iepo, B. The situation of Eithe 
i not seera to be kno"vvii ; but it is 
jably in Scotland. 
Gknn-Limna. — m ual/teomntiae. 
,n Reeves thinlts that this is the 
ley of tlie Levin Water, which 
s from Locli Lomond to Uum- 
,on. Adamnan, p. 378, note g. 
Aldfrith ...... son of Oswiu. 

Idfrith, who ivas King of the 
thumbrians, spent some time in 
and, where he was known under 
name of Flann Fina. Tigern ach, 
he year 704, in recording his death 
i: CClviT-ich mac O'pfu .1. pianxi 
:i la 5ae-Delu, "Alfrith sou of 
'iu, i.e., Flann fina with the 



Gaedil." A good deal regarding Ald- 
frith is collected in Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 185, note I The death of Aldfrith 
is entered in the Anglo-Sax. Chron. 
under the year 705. 

' Cloenath. — Now Clane, co. Kil- 
dare. 

^ Focai-fack. — Wrongly written 
ipocancaij (the genit. form) in A. 
andB. Focartach, afterwards King of 
Ireland (see under the j'ears 713, 715, 
723 infra'), was the son of Niall, son 
of Cernach Sotail. See above at 
G87. 

° Was slain. — Cect'DiT), A. This 
entry is wrongly given in Clar. 49, 
which has " Fergus mac Laoghaire, 
rex gentis Maoileduin, cecidit." 



1.54 



ccNNalcc uIccdIt. 



CoiacmoTDiiiiaxi tibi cgcidit; Celecaip mac Comctni. 
Ceallac mac Hojallais, iiex Conaci:, pofc clefiicaTJtim 
obnc. luguLcrcio Conamlo mic Canonn. Consall 
(cmnmajaiii) mac pepguffa (.1. 'Panat;) iTegnaiie mcipiu. 

|Ct. lanaiji. CC11110 "oommi 'dcc-° ti.° (aliap ui.°). 
T)tichanna "Daipe, ec Opfene piluif ^'^tlUiifc, abbaf 
Cluana mic u 11 01)% paufanc. bpiiiDe mac TDep-.b 
mo)iiT;iiia. Concobap mac ITIaelcDUin, ]\gx geneiiif 
Coipp)\i, ui5iilaT;iif ei^c. Cellan mac Secntifaig, papienp, 
obiit;. 

jet. 1anaip. CCnno -Domini -occ." tn.° ConoT)Oi\ Pobai]! 
obiiu. Occifio liiDiiechcais mic 'Otincha'Da IfTiuipfce. 
Pepgal mac ITlaeLeDUin, ocup pepgal mac Loingipis, 
octif Coiiall menu pex senncip Coipppi, occi'oepunc 
eiim. Dec nepof T)uncax)0 lusuUrciif ef r. CoiDbenac 
epfcop CCll^•D fpa^o cfuieuiu. "Duo reyipemocuf fepci- 
mana in ea-oem in menfe "Oecimbjai in aquilonali 
pajiue nibe]iniae. bachall beicce baipce. TTlopf 



^ Son of Rafjhallach. — in etc 
Hosallnij, for mac Uogallaig, A. 
and B. Clar. 40 has " mac Raghalla." 
See above under the j^ear 702. 

^ Conamail, son of Cano The 

name of Cano (who was also called 
Cv{/arbh, and Cano-garbh\ is usually 
printed " Canonn '' b}^ modern editors. 
But Canonn is the genit. case of 
Cano. The form in the Frnrj. of 
Annals (086=687) is Cana. The 
death of Cano is recorded above under 
the year 687 ; and his son Conamail 
is mentioned at 672. 

^ Cennmagair-Fanat. — Tlie original 
of tliese two chauses is added bj' way 
of gloss in A. and B. Cennmagair 
is now known as Kinnaweer, in the 
bar. of Kilmacrenan, co. Donegal ; 
and Fanat is a well-lcnown district in 
the same barony. Clar. i9, which 
O'Conor quotes approvingly, has 
" Congal regnare in- 



cipit in Cennmagair, i.e., Fanad," 
which is not correct. See Ann. Four 
2/ast. at A.D. 702, where the accession 
of Congal is noticed. 

' Alias 70G. — Added in an old hand 
in A. Not in B. or Clar. 49. 

^ Daire -f i.e., Daire-Dachonna; or 
Dnire-Moclwnna (Dachonna's, or 
Mochouna's, " Oak-wood "). The 
form of the saint's name, Conna, was 
changed into Da-chonna and Mo- 
chonna, by the use respectively of the 
devotional prefixes da (" thy ") and 
nio("my"). TheMartyr. of Donegal, 
at the 12th of April, has " Conda, 
abbot of Daire-Dachonna, in Ulster." 

" BruiJe.— lie was King of the 
Picts of Scotland. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, App. to Pref., p. li ; and 
Skene's Cliron. Picts and Scots, 
Introd., p. cxxi. The fettering of 
his brother Nechtan, by King Drust, 
is entered at the year 725 infra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



155 



druadh, in -vvhicli Celechair, son of Coman, was 
in. Cellach, son of Eagallach/ King of Connaught, 
d after entering religion. The slaying of Conamail, 
I of Cano.° Congal (of Cennmagair)/ son of Fergus 
Fanat),^ begins to reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 705 (alias'' 706.) Daohonna of Daire/ 
i Ossene, son of Gallust, abbot of Cluain-mic-'Ui-Nois, 
t. Bruide," son of Derili, dies. Conchobar, son of 
lelduin, King of Cinel-Coirpri, was slain. Cellan the 
Lse, son of Sechnasach,' died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 706. Conodar of Fobhar^ died. Mur- 
r of Indrechtach, son of Dunchad Muirsce." Fergal 
1 of Maelduin, and Fergal son of Louigsech, and Couah 
inn, King of Cinel-Coirpri, slew him. Bee Ua Dun- 
ida,^" was slain. Coibdenach,'^ bishop of Ard-sratha, 
ited. Two earthquakes'- in one week, in the month of 
!cember,in the northern part of Ireland. The ' bachall '^^ 
Becc Bairche. Death of Colman, descendant of 



[705.] 



[706.] 



Of Sechnasach. — Securmj, A. 
' Conodar of Folhar. — Conodar 
s abbot of Fobhar, or Fobhar- 
:cMn, uoiv Fore, co. Westmeath. 
' Dunchad Jhdrsce. — Dunchatl, 
.0 was King of Connaught, was 
led " Muirsce," from having lived, 
been fostered, in Muirisc, a district 
the north of the bar. of Tireragh, 
Sligo. See above nnder the year 
2. 

'» Bee Ua Dunchada. — Bee, grand- 
[i,or descendant [nepos) of Dunchad. 
it it is uncertain who this Dunchad 

IS. 

" CoiWeraacA. --Written coTObenac 
A. and B. ; but " Coivdenach " in 

lar. 49, which is nearer the correct 

rm " Coibdeuach," as the name is 

merally written. 

1' Earthquakes. — 'Ceiaiftimocuf , 



^^ Bachall. — This is for "baculum." 
Clar. 40 has " the Crostaf [Cross- 
staii] of Becc Bairche.'' The entry 
means that Becc Bairche, assumed 
the pilgrim's staff ; in other words, 
became a pilgrim. 1h^ Four Masters^ 
under the year 704, state that he 
died on his pilgrimage 12 years after- 
wards. In the list of the Kings of 
Ulad in the Book of Leinster, p. 41, 
col. 3, Becc Bairche, who is stated 
there to have reigned 24 years, is 
said to have '■ died in pilgrimage (ec 
1 ti-ailiclTfii). In his Ed. of the 
Ann. Ult., at this year (note 1), 
O'Conor gives much unnecessary in- 
formation on the subject of penance. 
This Becc Bairche, who was a famous 
character in Irish History, is referred 
to above under the years 673 and 
678, 



156 



•CCHNalCC tllCCT)1l. 



Colmain aui Stnbni. Slojat) Congaile pilii peiiBtira 
po|i lai7;nni. 'DunchaT) pi-iincipacum lae ceniiiT:. 
•b. ]ct. lanctiji. CCnnoDomiin -DCC." till." Ccmif Cuai[iani 

<i\ex Ci-itnune nisiilcrciir efc. botnticc vq-iccser i^eiaum 
nicenT)ic. Ciwen pilnii" niapoic moi-ioiuiv eyv. 

]ct. Icfncdii. CCnno T)oniini -dcc" iiiii." belltim T)olo 
in compo eibii, ubi msiilaT;! puiTC leclccbaia mac 
ec-DQc, Ciiallait), ocup CiiDincnrc. bellum Selgscte In 
poiT,(:ucrcai15 laigen, concpcc nepocef Cennpelciig, in quo 
ceciT)eiiiinc .11. pibi CectUai^ Cualann, pacpcc ex: 
Foi. 27ab. pannamcdl, ev lini-155 cum bpiconibtip Ceallaig, ec 
pofc pauliilum Coippt"ii mac Concolmnn uisulacup 
epc. niaelDobopcon eppcop CiUe -oapo paupauic. 
bellum pop. Opcmb, in quo piluip CCpuabldip lacuic. 
Pepcip que -Dicicup baccach cum uen-pip ppopluuio 
in hibepnia. niacnio mac 'Ouil3t)ainbep mopicap. 
Uigulacio Conaill mic pepaDais. 



1 ConrjaL — The King of Ireland 
at the time. 

' Dimcliad. — Tliis entry is a little 
out of place, as Duncliad did not be- 
come abbot of la (or I-Colum-Cille) 
until A.D. 710. See Eeeves' Adam- 
nan, p. 379. 

' Cucuarain. — Cctnip cuajxani, A., 
B. The Four Masters, at A.D. 706, 
say that Cucuarain was "King of 
the Cruithni ((.e., the Picts of Dala- 
raide, in Antrim), and the XJlaid," 
and that the name of his slayer was 
Fionncliu Ua Konain. The Cliron. 
Scot. (701) agrees with the Four 
Mast., except as to the name of 
Cucuarain's destroyer, whom it calls 
"Finchu Ua Kebain." In the list of 
the Kings of Ulad contained in the 
Booh of Ldnster, p. 41, col. 3, " Cuc- 
liuain" (as the name is represented 
in the Facsimile), is stated to have 
been ' son of Dungal," to have 
reigned two years, and to have been 



slain by one " Scandal Find Ua 
Eedaiu of the Dalaraide." Elsewhere 
in the latter authority, however (p. 
25, col. 1), the same person is de- 
scribed as Cuctidiiain txi tlJ/at) 7 
Citucliencuaiclie ( " Cuchuarain, 
King of Ulad and Pictland "). The 
name of Cucuarain is correctly in- 
cluded in the list of the Kings of 
Ulad in Beeves' Eccl. vlreifijj. , p. 354, 
where the length of his reign is given 
as five years. 

■' Battle of Dolo. — "Bellum Dolo," 
in A., B., and Clar. 49. The Four 
Mast., at 707, have cacli 'Dota 
(" battle of Bola"). But the Cliron. 
Scot. (705) has cac niaige ete pep, 
■ooUitn ( " Battle of Magh-Ele, 
through treachery "). 

^ J/n^/j-£;K;. — "llagh-Ele," in 
Four Mast., and Chron. Scot. This 
was the name of a plain on the east 
side of the River Bann, about Cole- 
raine, in tte co. Antrim. See Eeeves' 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



157 



bhne. A hosting of Congal/ son of Fergus, upon the 

nstermen. Dunchad" held the government of la. 

s^al. Jan. A.D. 707. Cucuarain, King of the Cruithni/ [^07.] Eia. 

3 slain. A great cattle-mortality again raged. Croen, 

. of Masot, dies. 

Ul. Jan. A.D. 708. The battle of Dolo' in Magh- [708.] 

d,° in which were slain Lethlabar son of Echaidh, 

-allaidh, and Cudinaisc. The battle of Selga'^ in the 

■ders of Leinster/ against the Ui-Cennselaigh, in which 

re slain two sons of Cellach Cualann, Fiachra and 

tnnamhail, and Luirgg** with Cellach's Britons ; and 

3r a little time Coirpri, son of Cucoluinn, was slain. 

eldoborcon, bishop of Kildare, rested, A battle against 

: Orkneys, in which the son of Artablar was slain, 

e plagiie which is called ' baccach,'" with dysentery,'" in 

land. Macnio, son of Dubh-da-inber, dies. The 

ling of Conall, son of Feradach. 



'. Antiqq.^'p. 330, and O'Donovan's 
rMast. (a.d. 557, note i, and 707, 

m). 

Selga. — Selga, or Selggae (as the 
le is written in the MS. A.), is the 
t. form of fet^, "hunting,"' 
lace." O'Donovan states (Four 
!t., A.Li. 707, note m), that Selgge 
' ' the name of a place near Glcn- 
ugh, in the county of Wicklow." 
next note. 

Tn the borders of Leinster. — Pi 
cuacaiB laigen, A., B. Trans- 
i "in the outivarde parte of 
ister," in Clar. 49. In the list of 
Kings of Leinster in the Book of 
ister (p. 39, col. 2), the death of 
inamail son of Maeltuili, King of 
; Province (si. 679, supra), is 
ed to have occurred i cacli aipe 

■jpeiga ' 

.cuachaib btieg, "in the battle 

Life, or Selga, 

lie borders of Brega.'' The For- 



tuatha of Leinster comprised that 
part of the present county of Wick- 
lo'w containing Glendalough and the 
Glen of Imail. 

' And Luirgg. — ec Luifigg, A., B., 
and Clar. 49. Evidently used as a 
proper name. But nothing seems 
known respecting such a person. The 
corresponding passage in the Ann. 
Four Mast. (707) is 7 aiiaiLl t>o 
bfiecnuilj cangai^aiT. Tn |-ocyiaiT)e 
Ceattaij, " and some of the Britons 
who had joined Cellach's army.'' 
Ceallach Cualann, who was ancestor 
of the Ui-Cellaigh-Cualand, a tribe 
seated in the north of the present co. 
Wicklow, was rather a famous person 
in his time. See at the year 703 
sup'a ; and again at 714, where his 
death is recorded, 

^ Baccach, i.e., " Lameness. ' 
1° With dysentery (or diaiTltcea.) — 
cum uencjiiip pifiopluuio, A., B. 
pVio-ptuxio, Clar. 49. 



158 



tciiNalcc nlocDli, 



jet. lanaip. CCnno -Domm! "dcc" ix." Conamail mac 
■pailBi abbap lae paupcrc. Combufcio Cille Tiajao. 
Conjal .1. Congal cinn magaiii mac •pepguipa X^anav, 
[mic T)omnaill mic de-oa mic CCinmiiaec mic Sevna 
mic pefisufa cinnpona] mic ConaiU stilbain, m efc 
\iex T:einoiiiae, fubica moiice pej^iic (.1. tdo bi-og). 
Immbaipecc aptiD seinif ComsaiU, ubi .11. piln Mec- 
-am mic T)oi i'i5a)\co nisiilaoi fiini;. Oengtip mac 
maebeanpai-D infci iiisiilaDiip epu. ■piacpa mac T)tin- 
gaile apUT) Cpui^ne lugulactip epc. Colman mac 
Secnupaig abbap Locj^i mopicwp. Iiifcinianup f.eciin- 
"ouf cum "oibeiiio pilio annip .tii. laesnauio. 1261-1501 
mac TTlaile'Dtiin i^egnaiie mcipit;. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno t)Qmini -dcc." x.° paelan nepop 
Slim mopictip. bellum nepocum meiu ubi 'Cnucac 
mac ITlocloinspe pax neporum nieio, ec Cupoi piliup 
CCe'DO pilii "Dluraig, ceci-Depunt;. Scpagep piccopum in 
campo ITlanonn apuD Saxonep, ubi pinnsuine piluip 



' Son ofDomnall, &c. — The original 
of the clause within the brackets is 
not in A., B., or Clar. 49. Its omis- 
sion would leave the entry very in- 
accurate, as Congal, King of Ireland, 
who died in A.D. 709, would appear 
described as the grandson (!) of Conall 
Guiban, whose death is recorded in 
the Ann. Four Mast., under A.D. 
465. The geneal. matter supplied 
has been taken from the authentic 
pedigi'ee sources. 

^ Of a ft.—oQ BTOg. Not in B., 
nor in Clar. 49. In the Booh of 
Lelnster, p. 25, col. 1, Congalis stated 
to have died tio h^T>^ oeii umyie 
" of a fit of one hour." Keating, in 
his brief account of the reign of 
Congal of Cenn-Maghair, states that 
the King's sudden death was in con- 
sequence of his having burned Kil- 
dare, TOiyt citl ec cuait, "both 
church and territory." The burning 



of Kildare is the second entry under 
this year. 

' Cinel-Comghaill. — ^Gnup Com- 
jaill. The descendants of Comghall 
(4th King of the Scotch Dalriads), 
whose death is recorded above at the 
year 537. The Cinel-Comghaill gave 
name to the district now known as 
Cowall, in Argyllshire, in Scotland. 

* Dargart. — Probably the "Uargart 
son of Finguine," referred to above 
under the year GS5, who was the fifth 
in descent from Comghall, a quo 
" Cinel-Comghaill ; " and who is 
mentioned again at 711 inf-a. 

' Maelanfald ' insci.' — Maelanfaid 
' of the speech.' Clar. 49 has 
" Maelanfa in Sci," as if to convey 
that Maelanfaid had been slain in 
Skye. O'Conor, with his usual in- 
accuracy, misprints " Maelanfaid 
insci" Maelean for insci, and 
translates /of insci " supra insulam " ! 



ANNALS OF ULSTEK. 



159 



al. Jan. A.D. 709. Conamail, son of Failbhe, abbot 
I, rests. The burning of Kildare, Congai, i.e., Congal 
enn-Maghak, son of Fergus of Fanad [son' of Domnall, 
of Aedb, son of Ainmire, son of Sedna, son of Fergus 
a-foda], son of Conall Gulban, i.e., King of Tara, died 
lenly {i.e., of a fit)." A battle among the Cinel- 
ghaill,^ in which two sons of Nectan, son of Dargart/ 
i slain. OengTis, son of Maelanfaid ' insci,'' was slain, 
lira, son of Dungal, was slain by the Cruithni. Colman, 
jf Sechnasach, abbot of Lothra, dies. Justinianus" II., 
I his son Tiberius, reigned six years. Fergal, son of 
dduin, begins to reign.'' 

al. Jan. A.D. 710. Faelan Ua Silni" dies. The 
le of the Ui-Meith," wherein were slain Tnuthach/" 
of Mochloingse, King of the XJi-Meith, and Curoi, son 
.edh/' son of Dluthach. A slaughter of the Picts in 
;h-Manonn/- by the Saxons, wherein Finnguine son of 



[709. J 



[710.] 



J copies this entry {Chron. Picts 
Scots, p. 353,^ as ii he thought 
" Oengus, son of Maelanfaid," 
I Scottish character, apparently 
ut having taken the trouble of 
;aining whether he ivas Scottish 
ish. 

ustinianus. — luy^ciatiu^, A.,B. 
leath of Justinian II., Emperor 
3 East, is generally referred to 

rii. 

hgins to reign ; i.e., as King of 
id. The death of Fergal is 
led under the year 721 infra. 
herty refers the accession of 
I to the year 711. Ogtjgia, 
J. 

aelan Ua Silni ; le., Faelan, 
son (nepos) or descendant of 

i-Meith. — There were two tribes 
is name descended from Muire- 
ileth ("the fat "), son of Imchad, 



son of Colla Da-crioch ; one of which 
gave name to the district called Ui- 
Meith-Tire (in the present co. 
Monaghan), and the other Ui-Meith- 
Mara (ia the co. Louth). The sept of 
Ui-JIeith-Mara is probably here 
referred to. See O'Donovan's ed. of 
Leabhar na g- Ceart, p. 148, note a. 

1° Tnutliach. — This name, which 
signifies " envious," was originally 
written 'Cu'oac in A., but has been 
corrected by an old hand to 'Cnutac 
(as in B). Clar. 40 has Tudacli. 

" Aedh. — This is the Aedh, son of 
Dluthach, whose obit is given above 
at the year 700. 

12 Magh-JJanonn. — See note 8, 
under the year 581 supra, on Manonn. 
This battle is recorded in the Angh- 
Sax. Chron. at 710, thus: "The 
same year the aldorman Beohrtfrith 
fought against the Picts between 
Hsefe and Csere.'' 



160 



CCMNttla ulccoti. 



■Deilejioic nimcrcufia moiice laciiiT;. Cennpaela-D abbap 
■pobaip, mo]iiciiii. Consiiefio biiiconum ec "Oal Hicrci 
po)! toipss ecclec, ubi bpiconep TDeuicci. miipsaL 
piluif Noe Tno]-iiT;tij^. CofcjaaT) nepociim Weill uc 
Cuinciu iiobaiiigi, in ffuo ceciT)eiiuiic pilnip Conxii ez 
pilii "Oibcenii. "Oiccolcm papienp 7 lILcan mac Cum- 
meni eppcop celcae OlaiiTo ttioitcui punc. 

jet- lanaip. CCnno T)omini ■occ" oc.° 1.° Coe'D'Di epip- 
copup lae pccupac. Combupcio 'Caippipc boit;T;ep. 
Conjcil mac "Doipgapro mopicuii. Obpepio CCbepce 
apu-o Selbacum. bellum incep "Duop nepoT^ep CCefio 
plane, in quo niane mac Weill lugulacup eyz. piann 
mac CCex)0 mic "Olucaig tnccop ptiic IJlaic ppopcpaT:!, 
iibi "Dubcac piliiip becce baipce occiibuii;. "Ouo piln 
■pejia'Daig mic ITlaelexiuin in ce'oe jenepi)^ Loegaipe 
pepiepunc. bellum apuTD Lajinenpep T)ece]iiopep, ubi 
bpan nepop ITIaeleDUin ec piliiip eiiip ceciT)epunT: 



' On Lorgg-ecdet. — poll loi-flgs 
ecclec, A., B. O'Conor, however, 
wrongly prints forloingg ecclet, and 
translates " in navibus apud Cleti." 

- Destruction. — CopcifiOT). This 
word is represented by " fight " in 
Clar. 49. 

^ Ctdnce-Eobairgi. — Not identiiied. 
In the Tain bo Cuailnga (.Leb. na 
h Uidre, p. 65o) there is mention of a 
place called cuince (explained as a 
rtiab, or "mountain"), in the dis- 
trict of Cuailnge, in the north of the 
present co. Louth. The name of 
Quin, in the co. Clare, was anciently 
written " Cuinche." 

' Were slain. — cecTOic, A. ceo, B. 

' Telach-OlAind. — Incorrectly writ- 
ten "Ceclae Olmti-D (for tjelcae 
OlaiiTD, the genit. form), in A and 
B. Sometimes written Tulach-Ua- 
lann, and Telach-Ualand (as at 730, 



infra.) Not identified. See O'Dor.o- 
van's Four Mast., a.d. 709, note s. 

° TairperL-boitter. — Dean Reeves 
thinks that this was probably the 
Tarbert which gave name to East and 
West Lochs Tarbert, the inlets of the 
sea which nearly insulate Cantyre on 
the north. Adamnan, p. 380, note /. 
It is again referred to at 730, infra. 

''Doergart. — Apparently the " Dar- 
gart " mentioned above at 709. 

* Aherle. — " Traces of the old castle 
of Dunaverly, standing on a precip- 
tous rock nearly surrounded by the 
sea, are to he seen on Dunaverty Baj-, 
at the S.E. extremity of Cantyre, 
opposite Sanda." Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 380, note m. 

" Xiall — This Niall was son of 
Cernach (ob. 663, supra), son of 
Diarmait, son of Aedh Slanfe (si. 603 
supra). The entry of this event is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



161 



eileroth, "was untimely slain. Cennfaeladh, abbot of 
Dbhar, dies. An encounter of Britons and Dalriata, on 
3rgg-ecclet/ where the Britons were defeated. Murgal, 
in of N"o8, dies. The destruction" of the Ui-Neill at 
uince-E.obairgi,'' in which the son of Condi, and the 
ins of Dibhcein, were slain.* Diccolan the Wise, and 
Itan, son of Cummeni, bishop of Telach-01aind,° died. 
Kal. Jan. a.d. 711. Coeddi, bishop of la, rests. The [7li.] bts. 
urning of Tairpert-boitter." Congal, son of Doergart,' 
ies. The siege of Aberte,^ by Selbach. A battle be- 
i\'een two descendants of Aedh Slanfe, in which Mane, son 
r Niall,' was slain. Flann, son of Aedh, son of Dluthach 
as victor. The Ulidians were overthrown, where Dub- 
lach, son of Becc Bairche," was slain. The two sons of 
'eradach, son of Maelduin, perished in the slaughter of 
.16 Cincl-Loeo-haire." A battle among the Lower Lein- 
;ermen,^^ wherein Bran Ua Mailduin and his son were 



[accurately given by the Four Mast. 
'10), who represent Niall as having 
jen slain in the conflict. Bnt Niall 
ad been dead very many years at 
lat date. 

'°5eco Bairche.— King of Ulidia. 
ee above, under the year 706, where 
ecc Bairche is stated to have as- 
imed the pilgrim's staff ; or, in other 
ords, gone on a pilgrimage. His' 
bit is entered at 717 infra. 
11 Ciml-Loer/haire. —There were two 
■ibes known by this name, both des- 
jnded from Loeghaire (ob. iG2 
tpra), monarch of Ireland in St. 
'atrick's time; the one, called Cinel- 
.oeghaire of Midhe (or Meath), and 
le other, Cinel-Loeghaire of Brega 
5r Bregia, in the S. part of the pre- 
;nt CO. Meath). The former tribe 
'Ould seem to be here referred to. 
a the Pedigree of the Cinel-Loeg- 
aire contained in th eBooh of Leinstcr 



the Feradach mentioned in the fore- 
going entry is set down as seventh in 
descent from said King Loeghaire, 
and Cainelban (from whom the terri- 
tory of the Cinel-Loeghaire of Midhe 
was sometimes called O'Coindelbhain's 
country) as fifth in descent from 
Feradach. See O'Donovan's ed. of 
O'Duhhagain, note 14: (p. iv.) 

^^ Among the Lower Leiiistermen. — 
ccpiTO IctgineiTpe-p 'oeciop.ep (for 
■oecei^topep), A., B. " Apud Low 
Leinster," Clar. 49. The Four Mas- 
ters (712) have la Laisnilj TDeai^sa- 
13r[ii"i ('' by the South Leinstermcn "). 
"Decepioiiey^ is obviously a mistake 
for ■oexceiaiop.ep, or 'Southern.' 
In a copy of Tigernach contained 
in the MS. H. 3, 18, Trin. Coll, 
Dublin, the reading is Lct5enenri-p 
TDexueino^iir, over which Roderick 
O'Flaherty has written Laijin 
•oeysabaiii. 

M 



162 



aMMalcc vilax)h. 



T)ub5Ualai abbaf S'-"'"''^ 'oa loccc pejiuT:. T)lti€ac mac 
Piccellais ijiie uyiicuia. beT)a pecio libpum maj;num. 

let. lanaiyi. CCnno -Domini tjcc." x." 11." baeT:ctii 
epifcopuf Infobae tiaccae albae obiir. "Paebbeup 
moT)icuf abbap CUiccna mic 11 Moif paufac. "Pilicc 
Ofpu in monafceyiio 1Lt> moiiicup. CinioD mac "Dejiili 
ec pbnif TTlaicsepnain nisulaa fVinz. X)opbeni jcai:- 
eT)pam lae obT;imiic, ec .ti. meiifibiif peiucccip m 
ppimai;u, .11. Ict. Nouimbiiif "oie pabbaci obnc. Cofi- 
mac mac CCilelLo iiex Tnuman in bello nisulaiiUf 
epc. "Cobapss pibnip "Dpopcam bi5a7;i.ip apiiT) ppac- 
pem ftium Meccan pegem. Cucepcae pex Oppaigi 
mopicup. Secnupac pex ll. TTlane moputitip epr. 

}ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini 73cc.° x.° 111.° belbum 
imepec in campo Smgircae uc bibni oenexi in CCppal, 
tibi pbann pibuip CCix)© mic "Dbti^aig ec "DubTitiin nepop 
becce cecit)epiinc in alcepa conspeppione bebli, ec 
C0I5U ez GCev mac "Depmaco in ppima con^peppione 
bebli inueppecci punt;. "Dun Ollaig conpuptncup apm 



'Beda. — The original of this entrj', 
■which is not in Clar. 49, is part of 
the text in B. A marg. note in A., 
In an old hand, reads hena t1bl^un"l 
masnum Tnoc anno pecic. 

^ Inis-lo-jinne. — 1 npola tiaccae 
altae ; i.e., " Island of the White 
Cow." Now Boffin (or Bophin) Is- 
land, or Inishbofin, ot"E the S.W. coast 
of the CO. Mayo. 

^Daughter of Ossti. — iE16a3d, 
daughter of Oswiu (or Oswy), King 
of Bernicia (ob. 670, supra). 

'Monastert/ of lid. — The monastery 
of St. Hilda, at Whitby in Yorlishhe, 
of which jElflsad was abbess. See 
Lappenberg's History of England, I., 
289, and Bede's Eccl Hist, III., 
chap. xxiv. 

' Ciniod. — This name would now be 



written " Kenneth." Ciniod was ap. 
parently the brother of Brude, son of 
Derile (705, supra), King of the Picts 
of Scotland. 

'Obtained. —ohzeumT:, A. O'Dono- 
van erroneously observes (i^owril/ns*., 
at A.D. 713, note/), that the obit of 
Dorbeni " is not in the Annals of 
Ulster." The correct date is 713, ac. 
cording to the criteria. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 881, note n. 

^ Stain in battle. — In a list of the 
Christian Kings of Muuster contained 
in the Booh of Leiiisier (p. 320, col. 
1), Cormac, son of Ailill, son of 
Maenach (supra, 661), is stated to 
have been slain, after a reign of nine 
years, in the battle of Carn-Feradh 
aigh, gained over the Deis Tuais- 
cert (or " Northern Deis. ") See above, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



163 



in. Dubhguala, abbot of Glenn-da-lacha, perished, 
iithach, son of Fithchellach, was burned by fire. Beda^ 
mposed a great book. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 712. Baetan, abbot of Inis-bo-finne/ [712.] 
;d. Failbhe Bee, abbot of Cluain-mic-U-Nois, rests, 
le daughter of Ossu' dies in the monastery ol lid.* 
aiod/ son of Derile, and the son of Mathgernan, were 
dn. Dorbeni obtained" tlie chair of la, and having 
ent five months in the primacy, died on Saturday, the 
th of the Kalends of November. Cormac, son of Ailill, 
ing of Munster, was slain in battle.' Tolargg, son of 
rostan, was fettered by his brother. King Nectan. 
icherca, King of the Osraighi, dies. Sechnasach, King 
Ui-Maine, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 713. A battle, ' imesech,'" in Magh- [713.] 
ngittae," at Bile-thenedh in Assal," wherein Flann, son 
Aedh, son of Dluthach, and Dubhduin descendant of 
3cc, were slain in the latter encounter of the battle ; 
id Colgu, and Aedh son of Diarmait, were Idlled in the 
■st encounter. Dun-Ollaigh" is constructed by Selbach, 



A.D. 626, where Carn-Feradhaigh 
said to be in Cliu, a district in the 
. Limerick. For the situation of the 
•,is or Deise, see O'Douovan's Suppt 
O'Reilhfs Dictionarij, under Deise 
%g. In the Annals of the Four 
asters (710), this battle is stated to 
ve been gained hy the Northern 
:is, and Cormac is incorrectly .said 
have been the son of Finghin, ■who 
is really Cormac's grandfather. 
^^ Imesech.' — A variation of the 
ish adv. fa-sech (fo-sech, or mo- 
;7j), meaning "about," "by turns," 
ilternately." O'Conor translates it 
itrox"; Clar. 49, has " Bellum 
lOut Essech ." But both are wrong, 
battle imesech would mean a " free 
;ht." 



"Magh-Singiitae The "Plain of 

Singitta." Not identified. O'Conor 
incorrectly prints "incampo Ettech- 
fjitiea.^' 

^'' Bik-lhenedh in Assal. — O'Dono- 
yan says that Bile-thenedh is now re- 
presented by " Billywood," in the par. 
of Moynalty, bar. of Lower Kells, co. 
Meath. Four Mast., A.M. 3503, note 
J. The old church of Dulane,situated 
a little to the north of the town of 
Kells, was on the Slige-Assail (or 
"Eoad of Assal"), an ancient road 
which led westwards from Tara, 
through Westmeath to the Shannon. 

^^ Bun-Ollaigh. — See above, at the 
year 700, where the destruction of 
Dun-OUaigh by the same Selbach, 
18th King of Dalriada, is recorded. 

m2 



164 



CCMMaLCC UlcCDll. 



Fol. 2766 



•b. 



Selbacum. CClen ■oaingen TUfCjiuicufi. ■posqicac .h. 
Ce|inai5 -oe yiegno expulfUf efr, in Ofiicanniccm luic. 
Cofcfiax) .1. '^afibfalca iTnTTIiTdti, in quo cecitnc Pofiba- 
fac nepof Con§ctile, iiex .1l. P01I51, apti-o uifiof TTliT)e, 
«no 7516 ec belltim pi'ie'Diccum. Siccicaf mcc^na. 
Oellum incep ■ouop 'piliof becce Oaipce ec plium 
Ofxefail ixe^em nepouim GcDac, in quo iiiccope)'' epanc 
pilii Oecce. 1n hoc anno inceiapecci punc pepespim 
apuT) TTluiTinenpep, it) epc, in Cbapainec cum omni 
patnilia pua. Mox luciT)a in auT;uinno. 

]ct. lanmp, (Xnno t)omini •dcc." x.° 1111.° Ceallac 
Cualann pex ta^en, 'PLctnn pebla (mac Sgannlain, "do 
iI5 TTleir) abbap CCipT) macae, Cillem epipcopup, abbap 
■pepnann, mopcui punr. Ui5ular;io TnupcaTio mic "Dep- 
maco pilii [(XipmeT)aic] ceci, pe^ip nepouum Meill. 
CCe-D -Dub pex nepocum pT)5ent;e, piai^ma mac Cols- 
gen, papienp, ec TDocbonno cuepni, 'oopmiepunc, 
Sloga'D TTIupchaTia mic Opain t»u Chaippil, 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini 'dcc." x." u.° lugulocio 
pegip Saxonum, Oppic pilii CCl-oppiu nepocip Oppu. 



^ Alen-daingen. — The building of 
this place is recorded above at the 
j'ear 702, "wliere see note. Tire igno- 
rant " translator " of Clar. 49, taking 
this entry as a continuation of the 
entry preceding it, joins both together, 
and out of them malies "Dun oUa 
construitur apud SelTacum, and de- 
stroyed by his daughter Alena "! 

^ Ua Cernaigh. — " Grandson of 
Cernach." Fogartach, afterwards 
King of Ireland, (see 715 and 723 
infra), was son of Niall, son of Cer- 
nach Sotal (ob. 663 supra). 

^ Garbsalach. — Not identified 
The name would signifj- the " Rough- 
dirty " (or the " Du-ty-rougli ") place. 
Though evidently the name of a 



place, O'Conor understood Garbsalach 
to mean " fceda contentio." 

^Descendant. — nepop. Clar. 49 
has " nephew," which is incorrect, as 
in this Chronicle nepop is used to 
represent "grandson,'' or "descen- 
dant." 

' Becc BaircTie. — See above, at 
A.D. 706. 

' Pilgnms. — peyiisiaini. A., B. 
Clar. 49 reads " In hoc anno inter- 
tecti peregrini apud Mumnenses, that 
is called Clarainech, cum omni sua 
familia.'' The Annals of Clonmac- 
noise state (710) that "there were 
certain pilgrims killed by the Moun- 
stermen, viz., Clarinach with all his 
family." 



ANNALS OF ULSTEli. 



165 



ilen-daingen^ was demolished. Fogartach Ua Cemaigh,^ 
n^as banished from the Kingdom, and went into Britain. 
The slaughter of Garbsalach" in Midhe, in whicli Forba- 
iach descendant* of Congal, King of the Ui-Failghe, was 
lain by the men of Midhe, on the same day as the afore- 
laid battle. Great drought. A battle between two sons 
)f Becc Eairche,* and the son of Bresal, King of Ui-Echach, 
n which the sons of Becc were victors. In this year 
ulgTims" were slain by Munstermen, viz., the Clarainech, 
vith his whole family. A bright night in Autumn. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 714. Cellach Cualann,'' King of Lein- [714.] 
iter; Flann Febla, son" of Scannlan, of the Ui-Meith, abbot 
)f Armagh, and Cilleni, bishop, abbot of Ferna, died. The 
billing of Murchadh, son of Diarmait, son of [Airmedach] 
)aech,» King of the Ui-NeilL^" Aedh Dubh, King of the 
Ji-Fidhge]ite ; Flaithnia the Wise, son of Colggu, and 
riochonna Cuerni/^ slept. The hosting of Murchadh, sou 
if Bran,^^ to Cashel. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 715. The killing of the King of the [715.] us. 
JaxonSjOsrid/' son of Aldfrid, grandson of Oswiu. Garnat 



' Ceallach Cualann. — See above, 
nder the year 703. 

° Son. — The original of this clause 
; added in the margin in A., where 
lann is called " bishop " of Ard- 
lacha (or Armagh). It is not in 
lar. 49. The words mac Sgann- 
:xin ("son of Sgannlan"), are part 
: the text in B., in which no iB 
leicC'of the Ui-Meith") is inter- 
aed in the original hand. 

" \_Airmedaclf\ Caech. — " Airme- 
ich the Blind" (or "One-eyed.") 
he MSS. A. and B., which omit the 
ime ot Airmedach, have ceci for 
teci. The Four Mast. (713) state 
lat Murchadh was chief of the Ui- 
eill of Clann-Colmain. But in the 
gok of Leinster (p, 42, col. 1), his 



name occurs in the list of the Kings 
of Uisnach. See under a.d. 688 
sujjra. 

" m-NeiU.—See last note. 

" JlocJionna Ctierni. — The Four 
Miist. (713) write Mochonna C'luana 
Airdne (" Mochonna of CIuain-Air- 
dne.") The festival ot Mochonna is 
given under Sept. 30 in the Martyr, 
of Donegal. But the situation of 
Cluain- Airdne is not known to the 
Editor. 

"Murchadh, son of Bran.- -l\.mg 
ot Leinster. His death is entered at 
the year 726 infra. 

" Osrid. — King of the Northum- 
brians, and son of Aldfrid, son of 
Oswiu (ob. 670. supra). See the 
Anr/lo-Sax. Chron., A.D. 716, 



166 



aNMaloc «laT)1i. 



Sctjinat; -pibuf 1)611611015 mop,ir;tip. •pogqicac nepof 
Cepnail i7:6]fiiim laejncrc. pafca commucacup in Goa 
ciuiuac6. 12061611 mae T)oiab6ni '[cac6'Ditam Columbae 
■hex. 1111. aer;at;if fue anno, in .1111. Ict. S6pT;imbjiif, 
"016 fabbaci, •ipufe6pit;. Obiuuf Cell 'Cisepnais abbacif 
Cluanct cuiif. piann poi^ibco mac pogapcaic nio|i- 
ctnif 6fc. TDoiii' CC|icbpain mio 1Tlail6T)tiin. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)oiTiini t)cc.° x." tii.° 'DtinchaT) 
mac Cinnpaelax) abbaf lae obnc. Gr^ulb mac Gcuilb 
obiic. ConT)alach mac Conainj, '(lex n6poi;um Cpiim- 
cam, nistilaoiip eyv. exptilpio pamiliae lae cp-anp 
7)opfum bpiticanniae a Meccano tiege. Congiiefio 
"Dalpiaci ez bpicconum in lapiiDe qui tiocacup, 
tTliniiipc, ev bfiiconef Detiica ftinc Commixcio 
ccgoniip Talcen la pogaificac, tibi ceci-Defitmt; piliiip 
Uubai ec piliup T)uibpl6ibe. 

let. lanaip. CCnno Tiomini ticc." a.° uii." piiup 
CuiT)ine pex Saxonum mopicup. becc baipce obnc. 
bellum Ceninnpo, iibi "Cuacal nepop paelcon, ec 
Cellae -oiacpaila, eu ^opmgal mac CCexia mic "DUrcaig, 



' Fogartacli. — There is some con- 
fusion regarding the length of Fogar- 
tach's reign. According to the Ann. 
Four Mast. (719), he was only one 
year King of Ireland. O'Flahertj-, 
who gives 722 as the date of Fogar- 
tach's accession, gives him a year and 
some months. Ogyyia, p. 432. Fo- 
gartach's expulsion from the King- 
dom (<?e regno) is noticed above under 
the year 713, and his return from his 
exile in Britain is mentioned by the 
FoJtr Mast, at 714. If he " reigned 
again" in 715, as above stated, he 
must have reigned as the rival of 
Fergal son of Maelduin, who was 
King of Ireland, accorduig to these 
Annals, from 709 to the death of 
Fergal in 722 {infra, 721), when 



Fogartach became undisputed mon- 
arch. 

"^Easter is changed. — com oca- 
cup,, A., B. Regarding this charge 
in the observance of Easter, see 
Keeves' Adamnan, p. 28, note. 

' Chair of Columba, i.e., the abbacy 
of la, or lona. 

•' Of his age. — aecociy^ yue, B. 
rue is omitted in A. Clar. 40 agrees 
with B. 

''Fhnn FoiritJte. —" 0\A Flan," 
Clar. 49. But foirbthe means "per- 
fect," not "old." 

*■ Condahich, son of Conaitg 

Clar. 49 has " Connalach son of 
Crimthain," but this is incorrect. 

' Dorsum Britauniw. — In Irish 
Druim-Bretain, the " Back (or Ridge) 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



167 



on of Deleroth, dies. Fogartach/ grandson of Cernach, 
jgain reigns. Easter is changed'' in the Monastery of 
'a. Faelchu, son of Dorbeni, assumes the chair of 
^olumba,^ in the 74th year of his age/ on the 4th of the 
lalends of September, on Saturday. Death of Celi- 
Pigernaigh, abbot of Ckiain-eois. Flann Foirbthe/ son 
>f Fogartach, died. "Death of Artbran, son of Maelduin. 

Kal Jan. A.D. 716. Dunchad, son of Cennfaeladh, 
ibbot of la, died. Etulb, son of Etulb, died. Condalach 
son of Conang/ King of the Ui-Crimthainn, was slain. 
Sxpulsion of the community of la across Dorsum Britan- 
lise,'' by King Nectan.* A meeting of the Dalriata and 
Britons, at the rock called Minuirc;' and the Britons 
yere defeated. The disturbance^" of the Fair of Tailtiu^^ 
3y Fogartach, wherein the son of Euba'* and the son of 
Dubhsleibhe, were slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 717. The son of Cuidin,^'' King of the 
Saxons, dies. Becc Bairche" died. The battle of 
Denannus,^" wherein feU Tuathal grandson of Faelchu, 
md CeUach Diathraibh, and Gormgal, son of Aedh son 



[7l6.;i 



[717] 



)f Britain." Tlie great mountain 
chain dividing Perthshire aud Argyll, 
;erminating in the Grampian HUls. 
4.1S0 called Druim-Alhan. (Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 64, note a.) Dr. O'Brien 
itates that Druim-Alhan -was other- 
ivise called Braid-alban. Irish Engl. 
Dictionart/, voce Drom-saileach, 

" King Xectiin. — King of the Picts. 
The " Naiton " of Bede. Eccl. Bist.. 
v., 22. 

'Jlimiirc. — This place has not been 
dentified. 

" Disturbance. — Comixcio, A., 
B. Clar. 49 reads " burning " ! 

" Tailtiu The genit. form is Tail- 

enn, from which comes the present 
lame of the place, Teltown, in the 
jar. of the same name, bar. of Upper 



Kells, CO. Meath, where there are 
some remarkable remains of antit^uity. 

"jSon ofRuha. — 1\i& Four Mv^Urs 
(A.D. 715) have " Maelruba." But 
the Frag, of Annals say " the son of 
Maelruba," which is probably more 
correct. "Euba"' is not found as a 
proper name. 

^^ Son of Cuidin — This was evi- 
dently Cenred, son of Cuthwine, who 
succeeded Osrid (ob. 715 supra), as 
King of the Northumbrians, and died 
after a reign of two years. 

" Becc Bairche See at the year 

706 supi'a. 

^^ Battle of Cenannus. — Cemnnro 
(genit. form of Cemnna-p, for Cen- 
anna-p, the ancient name of Kells, in 
the CO. Meath). 



168 



ccNt^alcc iilccT)!i. 



Fol. 28a 



er; CCmalnsaiT) .ll. Conccins, ec Pe^asaL piicrceyi eiiif 
ceciT)ei\unu. Conall giicmc tnccoia epcrc, ev Coiiall 
Slianc iiepof Ceianais in ■pine TDtiopum menpium pope 
belUim intreppeccup epc let 'Pep^al mac TDaele'DUin. 
Cponan lice 6oc(in abbccp tip moip mopicup. pcm- 
nccmail nepop bobccme mic Pnn, inpolae ppincepp 
TDaige paifi, ez T)ubT)Uin nepop ■]2aelain, epipcoptip, 
abbap Cluancc ipaipx)D, Conpi mac Conjaile cennf?OT:ai, 
ocup CCilill mac pnpnecbt;i, lustilaa piinc. pitiic 
ppoip melo pop Oi^in bice, piiuc ppoip pan^uinip 
pupep poppam tagmapum. hTDe uocaT;tip 'Kliall ppo- 
pac, qui otinc narup epc, mac 'Pepjaile. Bclippip 
lunae in plemUinio puo. 

jet. lanaip. (p. 7.) CCnno -Dommi t)cc.° oc.° uiii.° 
CCipmexiac mac 'Caix)5, ec Cpican pex nepocum mic 
llaip, ui5ulai;i ptrnc ; ez Gpriiile mac pepgupa 50 ill 
lusiilocnp epc. "Dpopcan 'DaipT;ai^e cftiiemc 1 n-apT) 
bpeccam. Cuu "Dimepgso iTiopir;iip. "CtnbpiDe .h. 
'Diincha'Da nisulacup epc. Congpeppio apUD Lage- 



^ Conall Grant, i.e., Conall "the 
grey." — He was the grandson of Cer- 
nach Sotal, whose obit, is given above 
at the year 663. 

^ Fergal. — King of Ireland. See 
under 721 infra. 

^ Cronan Ua hEoain,i.e., " Cronan 
descendant of Eoan." The festival of 
this Cronan, abbot of Lismor Mochuda 
(Lismore, co. AVaterford), is entered 
in the Martyr, of Donegal under the 
1 st of June. See Colgan's A da Sanc- 
torum, p. 303. 

^ InU-Malghe-Samh. — Inishmac- 
eaint, bar. of Magheraboy, co. Fer- 
managh. For in-potae pjiincepy^ 
tnai56 paiti, Clar. 49 has "primus 
Episcopuscanipi Saimh." But "prin- 
ceps" is frequently used in these 
Annals to signify a superior or abbot 



of an ecclesiastical establishment. 
O'Conor, in his ed., incorrectly prints 
" 31aigi SamJtin '' (for Maigi Samh), 
note '", S2th an., and translates " Campi 
Soils " ! 

^ Congal Cennfota. — Probabl}' the 
Congal Cennfota, or " Congal Long- 
head," mentioned above at a.d. G73. 

° Othan becc. — " Little Othan." 
Apparently a place near Othan-mor, 
or " Big Othan " (now Fahan, barony 
of Inisliowen, co. Donegal.) O'Conor 
translates " supra genistas spiuosas 
parvas " ! 

" On the ^foss ' of the Leinstennen. 
-pupeix -poppam laginaiatini. 
Translated " upon the borders of 
Leinster," in Clar. 49. The shower 
of blood is stated in the Book of 
Leinster (p. 274, a), to have fallen 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



169 



Diuthach, and Amalgaidh, grandson of Conaing, and 
brotlier Fergal. Conall Grant' was victor. And 
lall Grant/ grandson of Cernach, was slain at the end 
two months after the battle, by Fergal/ son of Mael- 
Q. Cronan Ua hEoain/ abbot of Lis-mor, dies, 
nnamail, descendant of Boghaine, son of Finn, abbot 
Inis-Maighe-Sainh/ and Uubhduin, descendant of 
ilan, bishop, abbot of Gluain-Iraird ; Conri, son of 
igal Cennfota,^ and Ailill, son of Finsnechta, were 
n. It rained a shower of honey npon Othan-becc.^ 
rained a shower of blood upon the ' foss ''' of the 
Qstermen. Hence Niall ' Frosach,'^ son of Fergal, 
D was born then, was so called. An eclipse of the 
)n at its full." 

Lai. Jan. (Saturd.") a.d. 718. Airmedach, son of 
Ihg, and Crichan, King of Ui-Mic-TJais, were slain ; 
L Ertuile, son of Fergus GoU, was slain. Drostan of 
oratory" rested in Ard-Breccain.'^ Cu-dimerggo dies. 
.l)ride, descendant of Dunchadh, was slain. A battle 
Dng the Leinstermen, in which Aedh, son of Cellach,'^ 



[718.] 



jlema Lagen (the "glen,'' or 

lley,'' of Leiuster.) 

Xiall ^ Frosach.'' — "Niall of the 

vers," or " N. the Showery." 

ie showers, with some rariation 

iieir number and character, are 

n noticed at the date of Niall 

ach's accession to the monarchy 

reland, a.d. 7G3 infro,. In the 

fc of Leiuster (p. 25, col. 2) the 

fers — one of white silver, one of 

■y, and one of wheat — are stated 

ave occurred in the reiyn of Niall 

jach, not at his birth or accession. 

y were probably meteoric pheno- 

a. 

At its full. — 1T1 plenilunio yuo, 

B.,Aad Clar. id. 

'Saturday p. 7 (for "seventh 



day of the week "), added in al. man. 
in A. Not in B. 

^' Drostan of the oratory. — "OfLOip- 
caiii, A. ■Oai-p.caije is the genit. 
form of Tiaiiacecli (variously written 
'Dauifi,cec1i,T)uiicecTi,T)eiacec1i)which 
signifies an oratory, or house of peni- 
tence. Absurdly translated "manse" 
in Ciar. 49, under the year 1116. 

'- Ard-Breccain. — CC-fiT) bifteccan, 
A. " Breccan's Height." NowArd- 
braccan, co. Meath. The festival of 
the founder, St. Breccan, occurs at 
the 16th of 3a\y in the Calendar. 

'= Celladi This was Cellach Cual- 

ann, King of Leiuster, ivhose obit is 
entered at the year 714 supra. See 
Shearman's Loca Fatriciana, Geneal. 
Table at p. 138. 



170 



CCNNalCC lllCCt)lT. 



neiifef ubi CCef) mac Cectllaij cecitii" .1. bellum Pinn- 
iibiiac. bellum pinnglinne inceji -oiiof piliop peiicaiia 
■pocci, in quo CCinpceallccc nijulcrcuf eyz "Die cftiincae 
i:eiiiae, 111. w- fepoimbiiif. bellum mapiT;imuni CC]aT)ae 
nefbi, \m:e\i "Ounchax) m-becc cum geneiie ^abi^ain et; 
Selbctcum cum geneixe Loaijin, ec uejifum epc fupep 
Selbacum, piai-o. non. Sepr;imbpif (uel Ocuobi;\if), T)ie 
.ui. peiiiae, in cfuo cfuiTJCcm comiT^ep conpuepunr. Uigu- 
Icrcio in va cijepna ilLoc hllccione, .1. va mac ITIaele- 
po^apT:ai5, li a m-bpacaip .1. Cpenioann coppac. 
lugulacio pamiliae Suibne 1 n-CCpD maca. CCepz;ap 
picca. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomini -dcc-" x." ix." CCepcap 
pluuialip. Smac inpolo Cpocpann Dopmuiic. TTlup- 
bpuci; map in menpe Occobpip. TrecDopup anno .1. 

]Ct. lanaip. CCnno •Domini "dcc" xx.° "Ounchai) 
becc pax CinnT:ipe mopiT;up. 'Ceppimocupin Occimbpe. 
bellum ini;ep Conachoa ec Copco baipcinn, ubi ceciT)ic 



' Finnaihaii: — This name TVOuld 
be pronounced Finner, Fennor, or 
Finure. The site of the battle was most 
probably Fennor, par. of Duneany, 
CO. Kildare. 

- Finn-Glenn. — Dean Keeves ob- 
serves that there is a Finglen in 
Campsie in Stirlingshire, but that the 
place here mentioned seems to have 
been in Argyle, iu the territory of 
Lorn. Adamnan, p. 381, note ?'. 

^ Ferchar Fota; i.e., " Ferchar the 
Tall" (or "Long"), loth King cf 
the Scotch Dalriads (ob. G96 siipray 
The opponents iu this battle were 
Ainfcellaeh 1 7th King of the Dalriads 
(who was slain therein), and his 
brother Selbach, 18th King, whose 
obit is given at the year 729 j»/ra, 
and who is also mentioned under the 
years 700, 711, 713 and 722 



' The 6th. — Interlined in al. man. 
in A. NotinB.,orClar. 49. 

^ Ard-eshi. — Not identified. It was 
apparently the name of some place on 
the S.W. coast of Scotland. 

'' Dunchad Becc " Duuchad (or 

Duncan) the Little." Called yiex 
Cinn cni.e, or King of Cautyre, 
under the year 720 infra. 

' Or October. — uet Occimbfiip, 
iu orig. hand, in A. Occob|tip, B. 
Om. in Clar. 4!). 

^ Loch Uaithne. — Lough Oouey, 
bar. of Dartry, co. iVIonaghan. 

^Bij their brother. — 1\ ambitcrtai|v, 
A., B. " By their cossen." Clar. 49. 

^^ /S«/M?ie.^Apparently Suibhne, 
son of Crunnmael, bishop of Armagh, 
whose obit is given at the j-ear 729 
iiij'ra. The Four Masters have no 
reference to the outrage here alleged 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



171 



! slain, i.e., the battle of Finnabliair.^ The battle of 
n-glenn- between two sons of Ferchar Fota/ in which 
fcellach was slain, on Thursday, the Gth'' of the Ides of 
itember. The marine battle of Ard-esbi,*^ between 
achad Becc" with the Cinel-Gabrain, and Selbach with 

Cinel-Loarn ; and it was gained over Selbach, on the 
b of the Nones of September (or October),' on Friday ; 
s^hich some nobles fell. The assassination of the two 
is in Loch-Uaithne," viz., two sons of Maelfothartaigh, 
their brother," i.e., Crimthann Corrach. The killing 
the family of Suibhne,^" in Ai'magh. A dry" summer. 
Lai. Jan. A.D. 719. A rainy summer. Sinach of [719.] bis. 
3-Crothrann'^ slept. A great sea-burst" in the month 
)ctober.' Theodore," one year. 

Lai. Jan. A.D. 720. Dunchad Becc,^' King of Cenn- 
,^'^ dies. An earthquake in October. A battle between 

men of Connaught and the Corca-Baiscinn," in which 



[720.] 



ive been committed on the family, 
ommunity, of Bishop Suibline. 
her is it referred to in Tigernach's 
als, or in the Cliron. Scotorum. 

Dry •piccay', A., B. Sicca, 

. 49. 

ms-Crothrann—.'K&cielnis-Cloth- 
. An island in the expansion of 
Shannon called Loch-Eibh, or 
i-Eee, and within the limits of 
30. Longford. It is said to have 

called Inis-Clothrann, from 
hra, the mother of Lugaid 
nderg, 100th King of Ireland, 
yjia, p. 289), and daughter of 
laid Feidlech (104th King, ih., 
. The Booh of Leinster (p. 124J) 
I eurions account of the killing of 
amous Queen Mcdb of Connaught, 
'urbaide, son of King Conor Mac 
I, the particulars of which remind 
strongly of the legend of W illiam 

See O'Curry's Manners and 



Customs, Vol. 2, pp. 290-1. 
O'Donovan erroneously states (Four 
Mast, 719, note c) that the fore- 
going entry " is not in the Annals of 
Ulster." 

"Sea-burst — TTlti|iblfiucc. Incor- 
rectly printed i«m5)'ac7ii! by O'Conor. 

1* Theodore. — By mistake for 
Theodosius (III.), Emperor of the 
East. For anno .1., O'Conor prints 
" anno prime," as in Clar. 49. 

^' Bunchad Becc. — See under the 
year 718. 

" Cenn-tire. — " Land's Head." 
Cantyre, in Scotland. 

" Corca-Baiscinn. — A sept de- 
scended from Cairbre-Baschain, son 
of Conaire II., King of Ireland 
{.Orjyjia, p. 322), which at the above 
date occupied the territory now re- 
presented by the baronies of Clonder- 
law, Moj'arta, and Ibrickan, in the 
S.W. of the CO. Clare. 



172 



aNNala tilcctDti. 



inac 13010111110(15. Uijulcrcio ConDinaifc i:ilii Roc[e]5- 
raig. niopf niainaig cibbcrcif Lainne leiii. tlafccrcio 
Fol. 2Sab. maiji Oiiej vu Caral mac pmnjuine oc«i"^ tdo TntiiicTiaT) 
mac Oi"iain. IIToiif Cuannai Roii^ en. 1 1111 iigt) Lai §eii 
la pepjal, ocup mai-oni inna boi^aime, ociip maiTjm na 
jjiallne Lajen pjii ■pejijal mac ITlaile'Duiii. Inmefac 
l^eLegiofUf leseni cum pace Chpifci fupeja iiifolam 
riibepniae conyritruiu. 

]ct. laiunji. CCnno Doniini 't)cc.° xa\° 1.° TDaeli^ubai 
in CCpup cporon anno .Lxa\x. ecacip. C0I55U 111 aijiDe 
Laciiann lusulactif epc. niaelcopgip "Upuim ifig, 
Oile mac Gilpm ^lex CCLocluaue, moi^iiincup. ■pep'oacfiicli 
mac CongaLais obni;. Cuanan Cille "Deilge, ocup "Oeyiiia 
T)am inpe nepop Collae, Ciiana 'Oiiomma Cuilinn, 
Cilleni loco Sepb'iTio]iiunctip. ■peiT)limiTi piiincipaT:um 
lae uentiir. 'Paelan mapuapcaigi, Si-oal T)poma 
t-ai-Dssin, mopT:ui punc. bellum CClmume .111. I'd. 



^MaenacJi The gen. form, "Main- 

aigli,' ' is incorrectly printed Mamairj 
by 0' Conor. The festival of Maeuach 
is j^ven in the Martyr, of Donegal, 
at Oct. 17. 

- Lann-Uii Diinleer, co. Louth. 

See Chron. Scot. (etl. Hennessy), p. 
136, note 2, and Todd's Cogadh 
Gaed/id re Gallaibh, Introd., p. xl., 
note 2. O'Donovan thonght that 
Lann-lcri was the place now called 
Lj'nn, in the barony of Fartullagh, 
CO. "Westnieath. (Four Mast., A.D. 
740, note zo, and 823, note (?.) But 
he was mistaken. 

^Ros-eo- — The " wood of the yews." 
Now Ensh, in the par. of Lusk, co. 
Dublin. See the Felire of Oengus 
at the 10th of April. 

■" Exaction. — A. and B. haTemaiT)tn 
("breach," " defeat "), which is evi- 
dently by mistake for naiTim, 
" exaction," " binding," as in the 



Chron. Scot, and -4km. Four Mast. 
(71 7). Clar. 49 has " The praymg of 
Leinster bj- M'Maileduin, and the 
slaughter of the Boroive, and the 
slaughter of Gialne in Leinster," 
which is rery wrong. Eegarding the 
' horama ' (or ' cow-tribute '), see 
note 2 at p. IS supra. 

* By. — f^\ (" against ''), A., B 
Clar. 49 has " by." The Four Mast. 
have ta, "with," or "by"; which 
seems more correct. 

° Maelriiba. — See uuder the years 
670 and 672, supra. 

' Apurcrossan ; otherwise written 
" Aporcrossan." See under a.d. 672, 
supra. 

* Maslcorgais. — Apparently the 
Maelcorghais whose festival is noted 
at March 12th, in the Martyr, q/ 
Donegal. 

° Druiin-ing. — " Probably the 
place now called Dromin, situated 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



173 



son of Talamhnacli was slain. The assassination of 
linaisc, son of Rofche[c]tacli. Death of Maenacli/ 
ot of Lann-leri.'^ The laying wasie of Magh-Bregh, 
Cathal son of Finnguine, and Murchad son of Bran. 
ith of Cuanna of Ros-eo.'' The wasting of Leinster hy 
gal, and the exaction* of the ' borama,' and the ex- 
^on* of the hostages of Leinster, by'' Fei-gal, son of 
elduin. Inmesach the Devout established a Law, 
h the peace of Christ, over the island of Ireland. 
ial. Jan. A.D. 721. Maelruba" [died] in Apurcrossan,'' 
the 80th year of [his] age. Colgu, King of Ard- 
ihrann, was slain. Maelcorgais,^ of Druim-ing,' and 
h, son of Elpin, King of Al-Cluathe,^" died. Ferdacrich, 
of Congalach, died. Cuanan of Cill-deilge ;" Derir 
Dam-inis,''^ a descendant of Colla ; Cuana of Druim- 
linn," and Cilleni of Loch-Gerg,^' died. Fedhlimidh 
i the government of la. Faelan of Martartech,''' Sidal 
Druim-Laidggin/" died. The battle of Almuin," on the 



[721.] 



Dunshanghlin, in the county of 
th." O'Donovan (Four Masters, 
834, note d). The Dinnsenchas 
nnt of Druim-ing (Booh of 
ster, p. 194J) would lead one to 
k that its situation was much 
er to Dublin. 

Al-Cluatlie.Sei note '■, at a.d. 
supra. 

Cill-deilge KiIdalke}',co.Meath. 

Dam-inis. — Devenish, co. Fer- 
agh. 

Dj-uim-cuilinn. — Now Drum- 
m, bar. of Eglish, King's 
ity. 

Loch-Gerg. — This was the old 
.e of Lough Derg, in which is 
ited the Island of St. Patrick's 
gatory. See Martyr, of Donegal, 
d's ed. ; App. to Introd., p. xl. 
Martartech. — " House of Relics." 



The genit. case of the name, maficaiT.- 
caigi, would be Anglicised "Mar- 
taray," " Martary," or "Martry;" 
forms which are represented in the 
Townland Index. (Census of Ireland, 
1861.) But the particular place 
referred to here has not been identified. 

^' Druim-Laidggin. — Notidentified. 

" Almuin. — Now known as the Hill 
of Allen, a few miles to the north of 
the town of Kildare. Called Almu 
Lagen ("Almu of Leinster''), Book 
of Leinster, p. 202a. The Hill of 
Allen is celebrated in Irish legends as 
one of the residences of Finn Mac 
Cumhail, the Fingal of Macpherson's 
Ossian. This battle is entered in the 
Ann. Four Mast., and Chron. Scot. 
under the year 718 ; but Tigernach 
notices it at 722, which is the proper 
3'ear, as indicated by the criteria. 



174 



ccMNalcc ularoli. 



.b. 



T)ecimbiiif 75ie iW^. peiiiae, in cfuo ceciT)GiiunT; (.1. La 
mujichaT) mac m-bpain) ■peiigal mac tTlaele-Dtiin (mic 
Tnailepi^iaic mic CCexia iiaiiiiT)iiaic), ociif Conall menu 
]iex seiiei^if Coiiippi, Clocgno mac Coljgen, 'Dulj'oacpic, 
■piann mac RogeUnaic, CCex> Laijen mac "Piucellaig iiex 
iiepot;um ITIaini, [Miall] mac muiitsiipo, WiKroo mac 
'Ouncha'Da, Gicnec mac Colgsen ^-^ex Oinencaluim 
Pefijal nepof CCi~echcai. 

let. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini ■dcc." xx.° 11.° Combufcio 
Clona mic U l^oif. TTloiif CCilchon monif-pech Otni;!. 
In-Diiechoach mac THinpe'Dai^, ]iex Conachc, moiai-np. 
Cleiiicautiy^ Selbaich. Smac T^ailcen moi^icup. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno ■Domtni dcc." xx.° 111.° Paelcu 
mac "Doiibem abbaf lae T)oyimunr;. Cillennif lonstif 
ei 111 pifiincipar;um lae fUcceffiD. Cucongalc M. 
Conmel'DTDe, ITIuyi'Dobup giKmaipc, moiiiunrup. belUim 
Cinn T)eil55'oen m Cftio ceciT)!- pogaiicac Ua Cepnaig, 
mac Weill mic Ceappnai^ hfOT;ail mic "DiapmoDa mic 
CCexia flaine. Cinae€ mac Ipgalaij iiiccop, epac. 
Ctiinnlef abbap Cluana mic Nooif obiic. Iiigulcrcio 



' The iixth.—m^, A. 

■ Son of Bran m ac t) fil m n , A. , 

B., and Clar. id. But it should be 
mac biTain. The death of Murchad, 
son of Bran, King of Leinster, the 
victor in the battle of Almiiin, is 
entered at the year 726, infra. 

3 Son. — The original of this clause, 
added in the margin in A., is in a 
gloss in B. It is not in Clar. 49. 

* Dnhhdacricli. — In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (718), and C'hron. Scot. (id. an.), 
Dubhdacrich is stated to have been 
the son of Dubhdainbher, King of 
Ard-Cianachta {supra a.d. 687). For 
"Dubhdainbher,'' the Fray, of Annals 
(722) have " Dubhdabhairenn,'' 
which seems incorrect. 

"^ \_NiaU.'] — Supplied from Fraff. of 
Annals (a.d. 722). 



'^ Airttiera. —The name of this dis- 
trict is still preserved in the baronies 
of Lower and Upper Orior, in the co. 
of Armagh. The names and number 
of the principal persons who were 
slain in the battle of Almuin are more 
fully given in the Atm. Four Mast., 
and Chron. Scot. (718), and Aim. 
Clonmacnoise (720). 

^ Death of Aelchtt. — mop,-r CCiL- 
clion. CCitclion is the genit. form 
of CCetchu. His name is not found 
in the ordinary lists of the abbots of 
Monasterboice. 

^ Manistir-Buti. — Monasterboice, 
CO. Louth. 

^ The entrance into religion of 
Selbach. — CLefUcaci (for cleiiica- 
w^, as in Tigernach), A., B. This 
entry has been misunderstood by 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



175 



I of the Ides of December, the sixth^ day of the 
:, in which were slain {i.e., by Murchad, son of 
°), Fer£)-al, son of Maelduin (son'* of Maelfithrich, son 
edh Uaridnach), and Conall Menn, King of Cinel- 
3ri ; Clothgno, son of Colgu ; Dubhdacrich ;' Flann, 
of Kogellnach ; Aedh Laigen, son of Fithcellach, 
I of Ui-Maine ; [NialP] son of Muirges ; Nuadha, son 
Linchad ; Eicnech, son of Colgu, King of the Airthera," 
Fergal Ua Aitechta. 

d. Jan. A.D. 722. The burning of Cluain-mic-U- [722.] 
. Thedeathof Aelchu,''ofMaBistir-Buti.'' Indrechtach, 
)f Mairedach, King of Connaught, dies. The entrance 
religion of Selbach.' Sinach, of Tailtiu,'" dies, 
il. Jan. A.D. 723. Faelchu, son of Dorbeni, abbot of [723.] eis. 
fell asleep.' Cillene the Tall succeeded him in the 
rnment of la. Cucongalt Ua Conmelde, Murdobur 
:anasc," died. The battle of Cenn-Delgden,^~ in which 
Fogartach, grandson of Cernach, (son of Niall, son of 
ach SotaiV son of Diarmait, son of Aedh Slane). 
eth," son of Irgalach, was victor. Cuinnles, abbot 
!luain-mic-Nois, died. The killing of Lethal thech,'*^ 



or (^Rernm Hib. Script.^ iv., 
), and by O'Donovan (Four 
, A.D. 719, note d). The for- 
ms blunderingly jumbles three 

into two : " Indrechtach mac 
adairj rex Connacht moritur 
:icatu. Selhaic Sianac Tailten 
ch genealogus Taltinensis] 
ir"! O'Donovan, who ought 
e known better (and in whose 

the Four Mast , the obit of 
.eh of Tailtiu is given under 
ear 720) follows the incorrect 
g of O'Conor. The Annalist 
' meant to convey that Selbach 
King of the Scotch Dalriads, 
9, infra) assumed the religious 
or went on a pilgrimage, in 
ar 722 (=723 Tig.) 



" Tailtiu. — Teltown, barony of 
Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

" Granasc Not identified. 

^' Cenn-Delgden.' — Another battle 
at the same place (which has not been 
identified) is referred to under the 
year 621 supra. 

" Cernach Sotail. — His obit is en- 
tered above at a.d. 663. 

" Cinaeth. — He was at the time 
Monarch of Ireland. His death in 
battle is recorded at the year 727, 
infra. 

^^ Lethaithech In the Chron. Scot., 

and Ann. Fotir Mast. (718), and Frag, 
of Annals (722), Lethaithech is stated 
to have been slain in the battle of 
Almuin (supra, a.d. 721). 



176 



aMNCcLa nlccoh. 



Foi. 286o. Lecaici5 mic Conccciactc. Cccec fctiili fcjiiba T)aifie 
Calgsai-D quieinc. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCnno •oomini ■occ" xx.° 1111.° C)Ueneni 
nepof Collae, abbccf Ocncce, CCIdcu "Ooimliajs, m-ofiiuti- 
vu\i. CCilen mic Cpaic coiifcpuioup. Simtil -pibuf 
T)|iiiit^t: confC)iin5ir;ni^. Colman h-immac fciaibcc a]\ivTi 
macae, Rubin mac Coiincro i^cpibcc niumctn, pibiifcfue 
Olioccccin o cccis ueille, qui magifoep bonuy^ eucmjeln 
Chpii^oi e)icrc, ec CoLmaii banban fcpiba Cille "ocqio, 
omnef T)0]imieixuiic. ITIoiif Opain ITIuimnijocUTpChaify' 
Chobo. Lunctcenebiaofa ecfai"i5Uinea.ccuiii.]ct. lanuann. 
Gonial mac ITIaeleanpaic. bpecc poiaojienx), Oan ppm- 
cepf 6-50, moiiiuncup. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCnno t)omini •dcc." xx.° u." 11ect;an mac 
"Oeiiaile confcpmsicui'iapu-D "Dpuipi: pegem. T)uchonna 
cpaibTDec epipcopuf ConTjepe mopuuup eyv. ToLapsgan 
maphan mopcuup epr;. lujulacio Cpaumuam pi In 
CelLais in bello Oealaig licce immacupa aecace. 



' Daii-e-Calgaidh. — Derry, or Lon- 
douderry. See Reeves' Adamnan, 
page 160, note '. 

' Oihaii Othan-mor, or "Otban 

Mura" (Othan of St. Mura) ; now 
Fahan, near Lough Sivilly, in the 
barony of Inishowen, co. Donegal. 
See under the years 71 7, siip^^aj and 
763, infra. 

^ Damliag Duleek, co. Meath. 

* Alien M'Craich. — "Mac Orach's 
Island." Not identified. It Tvas pro- 
bably the name of some island-fortress 
in Scotland. O'Conor rashly suggests 
the translation " Monasterium Insula 
caorach, sen ovis"? For conpciaui- 
cup,, as in A. and B. ; Clar. 49 has 
" constringitur " ! 

^ Son of Drust, — ptiup ■Dfimf, 
A., B., and Clar. 49. 

" Colman Uamach. — " Colman of 



the Cave " (uaim, a " cave "). The 
Martyr, of Donegal, at November 24, 
identifies Colman Uamach with 
Colman, son of Lenin [founder and 
abbot] of Cloyne, co. Cork ; in Irish 
Cluain uama (the chai.ij or meadow) 
of the cave. But they were different 
persons, as the death of Colman, son 
of Lenin, is given in the Ann. Four 
Mast, under a.d. 609. See Harris's 
Ware, p. 573, and Colgan's Acta 
Sanctorum, p. 539, note ". 

' Tecli-Theille See at a.d. G71, 

suj)i-a, where the name is *'Tech- 
Taille," or " House of Taille." 

' Colman Banian The death of 

Colman Banban is entered in the 
Ann. Four Mast, at the year 720, 
and in the Frai/. of Annals at 725. 
In the latter authority he is called 
saoj (or "sage") of Cill-Dara (Kil- 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



177 



3 of Cucarat. Caech-scuili, scribe of Daire-Calgaidh/ 

ited. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 724. Cilleneni Ua CoUa, abbot of [724.] 

ihan/and Aldchu of Damliag,' died. Ailen M'Craicb'' 

built. Simul, son of Drust/ is fettered. Colman 
rniach," scribe of Armagli ; Kubin, son of Conna, scribe 
Munster, and the son of Broccan, of Tech-Tlieille/ wlio 
IS a good master of Christ's Gospel, and Colman Banban/ 
ribe of Kildare — all 'fell asleep.' The death of Bran, 
Munsterman, and of Cass of Oobha.' A dark and 
ood-red^" moon on the 18th of the Kalends of January. 
)ngal, son of Maelanfaith ; Brecc" of Fortrenn ;^^ Oan, 
iperior of Eg,^" died. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 725. Nectan," son of Derile, was put 1725.] 

fetters by King Drust. Dachonna the Pious, bishop 
' Condere, died. Tolarggan ' maphan '^^ died. The Idll- 
S of Crimthan, son of Cellach,^" in the battle of Belach- 
;ce, at an immature age. The repose of Manchein of 



re). He was probably the same 
the " Banban egnaidh^^ ("Banbaa 
e Wise ''), whose festival is given 
the Martyr, of Donegal at May 9. 
le FeKre of Oengus, at 26 Nov., 
mtions a " Banban," bishop of 
lighlin, of the Corco- Duibhne, who 
not noticed in Ware's list of the 
ihops of that diocese. 
' Co i/iff.— Probably put for Magh- 
)bha, or Ui-Echach-Cobha (Iveagh, 
. Down). See Reeves' Eccl. A ntiqq. , 
9-350. The name "Cass" does 
t appear in the ordinary pedigrees 
the septs anciently inhabiting that 
rritor}'. 

' Blood-red.~-T:ene\i\\Ofa ec f an- 
nea, A., B. Sanguima, Clar. 49. 

'^Brecc O'Conor took this name as 

I epithet (" maculatus") epnnected 
th the name -which precedes it. 



'- Fortrenn Pictland. See note at 

A.D. 663, supra. 

" Eg Now Eigg, an island off the 

coast of Inverness, Scotland. See 
note ', at t'ne year 616 stipra. 

" Nectan. — The Nectan referred to 
under the j'ear 716 supi-a, as having 
expelled the community of la, or lona, 
across Dorsum Britannise. See Skene's 
Chron. of the Picts and Scots, Preface, 
p. clvii. 

"^ Tolargan ' maphan.' — Tolargan 
is a Pictish name; but the meaning 
of the epithet ' maphan ' is not known 
to the Editor. 

'= CeUach This was the Cellach 

Cualann, King of Leinster, whose obit 
is given at the year 714 supra.. See 
Shearman's Loca Pairiciana, (Jeneal. 
Table, No. 7. 

N 



178 



ail N alec tikCDh. 



Cftiiep rriancheine lecslinne. lusulacio CCilelto mic 
OoDbcoxia TTli'De. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCnno "Dotmini "dcc" xx.° ui.° '^^ot^lp 
CCilcon abbacip CUmna ipaiia-DT). bellum "Dpoma 
popnochz: inceyx jenuf Conccill ez eugain, ubi piann 
mac CCti]ficaile ec SneDgiif "oejigs nepop i'n[b]paci'Di 
iU5tibaT;i func. Congpeffio Ipyioif poicnae, ubi qtii- 
•Dam ceci-Depunu -oeiTDilS CCipgiallaib, incep Selbacam 
ec pamiliam Qc-oac neporif "Domnaill. Con alb mac 
TT1ouT)ain mapcifiio coiionaT:up. CCDomnam pebiquiae 
cpanfpepunciip m llibepniam ec lea; petiotiauuii. 
Oelliim moT luip xiia bullaisniu, in quo ceciDir; 
Lai-Dsnean mac Conmael-oae. "DunchaD uiccop puic. 
TTIupcba-D mac bpam, pex l/agmenpuim, mopicup. 



' Leih-glenn. — Now Leiglilin, or 
OklLeighIin,co,Carlow. See Harris's 
Ware, Vol. I., p. 453. 

' Bodbchadh. — This name is written 
"Bodbchar" in the Book of Leinster, 
p. 43 a. See under the year 7U3, 
supra, where he is described as 
" Bodbchadh Hide (B. of MeatI;) son 
of Diarmait." 

' Druim-foriwcht The " Kalied 

(or exposed) Hidge/' O'Donovan 
thought that this was "the Druim- 
fornocht mentioned in the foundation 
charter of the abbey of Newry, and 
which comprises the present town- 
lands of Crobane and Croreagh, in 
the Lordship of Newry." (^Ann. Four 
Mast., A.D., 721, note o.) But in 
O'Clery's Pediff. (p. 31) Drmm- 
fornoclit is. stated to have been the 
name of a place in the "Lagan" [in 
the barony of Raphoe, co. Donegal], 
which is more likely to be correct, 
considering that the battle in question 
is stated to have been fought between 
the Cinel-ConaiU and Cinel-Eogain, 



who occupied respectively the present 
counties of Donegal and Tyrone. 

^ Ua Braichidi. — " Descendant of 
Braichid." Clar. 49 has " nepos 
Inrachta. '' But the Four Mast, have 
"Ua Brachaidhe." 

* Trros-Foichne 1p,-p,oi-pPoiciiae- 

Dean Reeves correctly observes that 
this place, the name of which he 
prints " Ros-foichne," has not been 
identified, and that it is doubtful 
whether the place was in Scotland or 
Ireland. {Adamnan, p. 383, note x.") 
But Skene identifies it with a "Eoss- 
feochan," the situation of which he 
does not give. (Chron, Picis and 
Scots.', Preface, p. cxxx.) As there 
isno notice of the conflict in the Ann. 
Four Mast., it may be presumed that 
the compilers of that Clironicle con- 
sidered it to have taken place in 
Scotland ; although the kiUing of 
"some of the Airghialla" (see next 
note) would imply that the fight had 
occuiTed in Ireland. 

" Of the Airghialla. — •oeri'DilJ aiyi- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



179 



eth-glenn.^ The killing of Ailill, son of Bodbchadh" of 
!eath. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 726. Death of Aelchu, abbot of Cluain- 
•aird. The battle of Druim-fornocht," between the 
inel-Conaill and [Cinel]-Eogain, wherein Flann son of 
rthaile, and Snedgus ' Derg ' Ua Braichidi/ were slain, 
he encounter of Irros-Foichne/ wherein some of the 
irghialla" were slain, between Selbach' and the family 
' Echaid Ua Domnaill.^ Conall son of Moudan was 
owned with martyrdom. The relics of Adamnan were 
anslated to Ireland, and the Law' was renewed. The 

ittle of Moin between in Leinster/" in 

hich fell Laidgnen" son of Cumelde. Dunchad was 
ctor. Murchad son of Bran,'" King of the Leinstermen, 



[726.] 



altaib. 'oen'DilJ seems an error 
: Tienit), T)iiiaiI5, or -DonaitiC'of 
e " ; see Ebel's Zeuss, p. 216.) 
;an Eeeves renders -oetTDiB CCiia- 
itl/ttlb by " utrorumque Airg- 
lUa " (^Adamnan, p. 383), and 
ene, like Clar. 49, " of the two 
rgiallas " (Chron. Pkts and Scots, 
355.) But there were not two 
bes of Airghialla. 

' Selhach. — This could scarcely 
ve been Selbach, 18th King of 
ilriada, whose clericatus (or en- 
.nce mto religion) is noticed under 
: year 722 suj^ra, and whose obit 
jiven at 729 infra. 
' Echaid Ua DomnaiU, — Echaid, 
icendant of Domnall. Skene thinks 
it Echaid, or Ecba, was the son of 
lia,grandson of Domnnll Brecc[llth 
ng of Dalriada, si. 64il supra.^ 
' The Law, i.e., the "Law of Adani- 
1." For tlie provisions of this 
.aw," see Eeeves' Adamnan, p. 179, 
1 App. to the Pref. thereto, p. 1. 
° Battle of Moin between • . . 



in Leinster. — This entry is decidedly 
corrupt, the words Tiia bullaigmu 
especially so. The Frag, of Annals, 
in the corresponding place (a.d. 727), 
have Cac TTlaiy^cin iT)ip, taijnilj 
pel n (" battle of Maistiu," or Mullagh- 
mast, " between the Leinstermen 
themselves.") 

" Laidgnen. — The Frag, of Irish 
Annals (at A.D. 727) call him " Laid- 
cendMac Conmella, King of Ui-Ceinn- 
sealaigh." In the list of the Kings 
of Ui-Cendselaig contained in the 
BooJc of Leinster (p. 40, col. 1), Laid- 
cend Mac Conmella is stated to have 
reigned during ten years. 

^'Murchad son of Bran He was 

victor in the battle of Almain (" Hill 
of Allen," CO. Kildare), recorded at 
the year 72 1 sujira. See Chron. Sco- 
torum, and Ann. Four J\fasf., at A.u. 
718 ; Ann. Clonmacnoise, at 720 ; and 
the very romantic account of the 
battle given in Frag, of Annals, p. 
33 sj. 

N 2 



180 



aijiialcc uIccdIi. 



Fol. 28 



'Dut'Dainbe^a mac Congalais, |iecc Ci^tiirne, lujulanuf 
eyv. Oellum Ocoiane, no infe bjiesainn, in quo ceci- 
Tief.unu ercty.fcel mac Cellaig Cualann, ociif Congal 
mac Opam. 'Paelan tiiCT;op puic. "Oopmicacio Ceili 
Cpii'-c. 

Kt. lanaip. CCnno nomini ■dcc." xx." tin." bellum 
T)poma copcam mcep piai^bepcac mac Lomspig ev 
Cmaex) ■pilnim lyigalais (mic Conamg cumaich mic 
Conjalai?; mic CCe-iDa vT-cune), in quo Cinae-c ev Gu^ouf 
mac CCilello, Tnael-Dum mac ■pepaxiaic, 'Duncha'o mac 
Cofimaic ceci'DGiiunr;. bellum CCilenne inT:eia .11. jep- 
manop piliof TTluficaxiQ mic bfiam, 7 "OunchaT) femop 
lugulacuf efu. luniop 'Paelanup pegnac. piann 
OmcpilS abbaf benncuip obiic. bellum Tnoni-o cpoi15 
intreii Piccopef inuicem, ubi Oengup uiccop puic, ec 
mulci ex papre Gilpim liejif pepempci puTir. bel- 
lum lacpimabile incep eopxiem jeprum epc luxca 
caprellum Cp-eT)!, ubi eipinup epugiu. "Domnall mac 
Cellaij pex Connacht; mopicup. Cfuiep pilii becac 
uipi papien(;if IT) u man. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomini t)cc.° xx." uin." eicbepicc 
Chpipci milep inn papca 'Die paupar. bellum TTloni^ 
capno iuxT;a pcagnum Loog-oae, incep hopx^em Neccam 



' Cruithni. — The Picts of Ireland 
are evidently here referred to. 

^ Bah-iu — Inh-Brerja'iun. — Lairin 
seems to be here put for " Bairend," 
a name now represented by the river 
Burren, in Carlow. The other name 
(Inis-Bregainn, or Bregann's Island, 
some islet in the river Burren), has 
not been identified. 

■* Cellach Cualann. — See under the 
year 714 supra. 

* Concjal. — He was brother of Blur- 
chad son of Bran. See note'^.last page. 

^ Faelan, — The Faelan mentioned 
under the next year. 

" Cele- Crist The Martyr, nf Dona- 



gal^ at March 3, mentions a Cele- 
Crist, bishop of Cill-Cele-Crist, in 
Ui-Dunchadha, i ppoficccilj i Laig- 
nil5 (for 1 poifi-cuacaiB i taijniB, 
in Fortuatha ["border territories"] 
in Leinster). The territorj' of TJi- 
Dunchadha comprised the district 
through which the river Dodder flows. 
See O'Donovan's Four Mast., a.d. 
1044, note I. 

' Druim - Corcain. — " Corcan's 
Ridge." The Four Mast, have 
" Druim-Corcrain." Keating (in his 
account of the reign of Cinaedh) calls 
it " Druim-Carrthoinn." The place 
has not been identified. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



181 



ies. Dubhdainbher, son of Congakch, King of the 
Jruithni/ was slain. The battle of Bairin,"- or of Inis-Bre- 
ainn/ in wliicli Etirscel son of Cellacli Cualann,= and 
'ongal' son of Bran, "vvere slain. Faelan' was victor, 
'he 'falling asleep' of Celi-Crist." 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 727. The battle of Druim-Gorcain7 [727.1 ms. 
etween Flaithbertaoh son of Loingsech, and Cinaedh, 
3n of Irgalach (son of Conang Cumach/ son of Conga- 
ich, son of Aedh Slane), in which Cinaedh, and Eudus 
3n of Ailill, Maekluin son of Feradach, and Dunchad son 
f Cormac, were slain. The battle of Ailinn between two 
rothers, sons of Murchadh son of Bran f and Dunchad, 
he elder, was slain. Faelan,^" the younger, reigns, 
lann of Ointrebh," abbot of Bangor, died. The battle 
f Monidcroibh'- between the Plots themselves, wherein 
)engus was victor, and a great many were slain on the 
ide of King Elpin. A lamentable battle was fought be- 
ween the same persons, near Castle-Oredi," where Elpin 
ed. Domnall, son of Cellach, King of Connaught, dies, 
'he repose of Mac-Bethach, a wise man of Munster. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 728. Ecbericht," a soldier of Christ, [728.] 
ests on Easter Day. The battle of Monith-carno,^" near 



" Ctimach. — This epithet is more 
Mrectly given "Cuirri " by the Foiir 
rasters (a d. 720). The original of 
lis clause, which is not in B., is in- 
rlined in al. man. in A.' 

° Son of Bran. — See note '=, p. 179. 

'° Faelan. — See note ^ supra, and 
ooh of Leinster, p. 39, col. 2. 

" Ointreih. — Antrim, in the co. 
ntrim. 

'^ Ifonidcroilh. — According to 
ean Keeves, this was the old name 

Moncrieffe, in the baronj' of Dun- 
irny, in Perthshire. Adamnan, p. 
S3, note y. 

1' Castle-Credi. — Now " Boot-hill " 
ecu " Moot-hill "), near Scone, in 



Scotland. See Eeeyes' Adamnan, p. 
383, note z. 

^■' Ecbericht. — Tlie Egbert, or Ecg- 
bcrct, through whose exertions tlie 
change in the time of keeping Easter 
is stated to have been effected in la, 
or lona (supra, a.d. 715). See Bede's 
Eccl. IlUt., Book 3, chap. 4, and Book 
5, chaps. 22, 23; and Reeves' Adam- 
nan {_App. to Preface, p. 1), and 379. 
The death of St. Ecgberht, " in lona,' 
is entered in the Anglo-Sax. Chron., 
at A.D. 729. 

'^Jfonith-carno. — This place has not 
been satisfactorily identified. Skene 
thinks that Monith-carno was the 
name of a mountain pass in theMearns, 



182 



CCMNalCC ulocoli. 



Fol. 29aa. 



ec exejicicum OenjUfa, eu eiacracopep Necuain ceci- 
■oefiuiTC, hoc efc biceoc mac ITloneic ez phuy eitif, 
Pnsunie mac 'V)]\oyvmn, ■pefiou mac pinsuinne, Go cfui- 
■oam mulci ; ez pamilia Oenjuffa cpuimphaiiic. bel- 
lum Tipomo 'oe\\sB bla^ims in fiegionibiif pictroifitim, 
inT:e]\ Oenguf ez "DjatiyT: iiegem piCT:oviiim, eu ceciT)ic 
"Ditufc lugiilaoio Cacail cuific filn Weill. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno xiomini "dcc." xcc." ix.° 'oeppemo- 
ctif .til. IT), ■pebpiiapn, 1111. feiaia. Reuejifio laelicfui- 
ajium CCxiomnani "oe hibe]inia in menpe Occimbpif. 
bjian •piliiif eiigain, Selbac mac 'Pepcaip, moiacm 
func. Suibne nepof TTlpuicepaic (aliap mac Ciiunn- 
mail) epifcopuf CCip-OT) macae, mac Oncon fcpiba 
Chille "oapo, in ^all tilcac, piliuf Concumbti pcpiba 
Cluana mic 11 Moif "Doiimiepunc. Oirectie mac bai- 
recTie pilii blacmicc, Oengup mac becce baipce, cfiii- 
euepuni;. hTCcppeccio pilii Cina'Don. Commixcio 
-DunaiT) pop 'Domnall mac TTlupcatio 1 ciilaiB, w epc 



called Cairn o' Mounth {Chron. Pkts 
and iScofe, Preface, p. Ixxxii.) See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 64, note b, and 
383, note c. 

' Loch-Loegde. — Locli loogTiae, A. 

- ^Exactors.' — exaccacoyiep, A., 
and Clar. 49. exaccoifiep, B. 

^ Family of Oengiis. — This Oengus 
•was the head of the Cinel-Oengusa, 
one of the four chief tribes of the 
Scotch DalriadS See Citron. Picts 
and Scots, pp. 310-317; and Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 434. 

■• Triumphed. — cyxiliumpauic, B. 

' Druim-Derffblaihug. — Chalmers 
identifies this place with " Drumderg, 
an extensive ridge, on the western 
side of the river Ila [the Isla, in For- 
farshire.]" Cated., i., p. 211, 

° Rdics. — Their ' translation ' to 
Ireland is noticed at the year 726 
supra. The note be-oa ctaifi«ic is 



added in the margin in A., in al. 
man. 

^ In. — Supplied from B. 

' Selhach. — He was the ISth King 
of Dalriada. The ' clericatus ' (or 
entrance into religion) of Selbacli i3 
entered above at the year 722. 

^ Sulhline. — This was evidently 
the Suibline referred to above under 
A.D. 718, where his family is stated 
to have been slain in Armagh. 
As the Lists of Comarbs of St. Patricic 
(or Bishops of Armagh) generallj' 
give 15 years as the length of his 
episcopacy, Suibhne must have been 
bishop of that See at the time of the 
outrage (which outrage, it may be 
added, is not noticed by the Four 
Masters). The death of Ferdacrich, 
son of Suibhne, who succeeded Cele- 
Petair as abbot or bishop of Armagh, 
in A.D. 757, is given at 767 infra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



183 



)ch-Loegdae/ between the host of Nectan and the army 
Oengus ; and the ' exactors '- o£ Nectan were killed, 
z., Biceot son of Monet, and his son ; Finguine son of 
fostan ; Feroth son of Finguine, and many others ; and 
e familj^ of Oengus' triumphed.'' The battle of Druim- 
ergblathug'^ in the country of the Picts, between Oengus, 
id Drust King of the Picts, and Drust was slain. The 
lling of Cathal Core son of Niall. 
Eal. Jan. a.d. 729. An earthquake on the 6th of the 
les of February, the fourth day of the week. Return of 
.e relics" of Adamnan from Ireland, in" the month of 
etober. Bran son of Eugan, Selbach" son of Fercar, 
ed. Suibhne," descendant of Mruichesach (alias son of 
runnmaeD," bishop of Armagh ; Mac Onchon, scribe of 
.ildare; the Gall from Lilcach," and Mac Concumba, 
iribe of Cluain-mic-Nois, ' fell asleep.' Oitechde, son of 
aithechde, the son of Blathmacc, and Oengus son of 
ecc Bairche, rested. The killing of the son of Cinadon. 
. camp melee against Domnall son of Murchad,^*^ in the 
ula, i.e., ' adaigh noidhe nephain,'^' or of Imlech-Senaich. 



[729.] 



" Crunnmael. — This clause, which 
not in B., is added in id. man. in 
. In the list of Bishops of Armagh 
intained in the Book of Leinster 
I. 42, col. 3), it is stated that 
libhne was the son of Cruunmael, 
n of Eonan ; and of the Ui-Niallain, 
local tribe which fxirnished many 
shops to the See of Armagh. 
'TAe Gall loi- Foreigner'] from 
llcach. — The copy of Ticjernacli in 
.e MS., H. 1, 18, T. C. D., at 729, 
IS an "gait ulcacli (" the bearded 
oreigner "), and it is added that he 
as the most astute man of his time, 
fter the word litcac in A., there is 
mark like \, which seems to have 
) special signification, unless it re- 
resents the abbrev. for ec. 



^2 Domnall^ son of MurcJuid. — His 
accession to the Sovcreigntj^ of Ireland 
is recorded at the year 742, infia. 

^^ ^ Adaigh noidlm nepliain.^ — This 
is unintelligible to the Editor, and 
seems corrupt. Skene has printed 
this entry among his extracts from 
this Chronicle, in his Chron. Picts and 
Scots (p. 35G), and has given a trans- 
lation which is quite inaccurate. Dr. 
O'Conor, in his edition of part of 
these Annals (at 720), also attempts 
a translation, which is even worse 
than that of Skene, for he renders the 
entry by, " Prselium Dunad, contra 
Domhnaldum filium Mureadi, in locis 
Saltibus obsitis in angustiis viarum 
Nephain, vel Imlecho Senaic ;'' a 
translation entirely misleading. 



184 



ccNNala ulaDli. 



at)ai§ nofoe nephmn, no imleco 8enaic. Cocul oxioix 
fcjaiba pamilie benncaifi 'ooixmicatnc. OelUim 'Pefin- 
muigi in quo ceci-oic Ceromiin. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno Dommi "occ." xxx." Combiifcio 
Cuile yiaicm. CLepicauuf Gc-oac pilii CuiTjim, pex 
Saxan, ec confciiinjicup. Combufcio "Caiiapiyic boic- 
cil^ apUT) TDunsal. OelltiiTi mcep Cimicne ec "oal 
Uicrci in TTluiabuilfe^, tibi Cpin^ni T>euicci •puei'iunc. 
belUim inceja pibum Oengupfa ec pilium Congtifpa, 
fei) Opuixieuf uicic 'Calopcum piigiencem. "Oonnjal 
mac Conjaibe pilii ■pepgiifa moiiiciifi. 'Pael'oobufi 
becc fctpienf ■pobaiyi, CCT)omnantip epipcoptip Raco 
iTiaige omaig, Colman nepop Liccain pelegionip Doccop, 
paupauepinTC. lugulacio TTIoenaig mic Secnupai^. 
TTlopp GcTiac mic Colggen ancopicae ctip'OT) ITlacae. 
Colman 'Celca h-l1alanx>, Opecc bepTJa, "Dop.miuabanc. 
Coblaic piba Ceallaic Cualanxi mopicup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "Domini t)cc.° xxx." i." TTlopp 
piainT) pinnae am Collae, abbauip Cluana mic 'Hiiip. 
lujulacio "Oai^siippa mic baiu, p-egip na n-T)eippe. 
T)ub'Daleue mac "Ounchon, piann cuippig mac CCicecT)ai, 
mopiuncup. bellum Connachc in quo ceciT)iu rnupe-oac 
mac InDpechraig. poncipex maije hGu Saxonum 
^apaali; obiiu. ITlagnup pilopojoop hibepniae, nepop 



^ Fernmaffh — Farney, in the co. 
Monaghan. 

^ Cuidin. — This was probably 
Cutlnvine (son of Leodwald), King of 
Bernicia. See Lappenberg's England 
under the Anglo-Saxon Kinc/s, Vol. I., 
p. 289. O'Conor prints tlie name 
Eudini^ for Ctidlni. 

' Tairpert-ioitter. — See above, at 
the year 711. 

^ Crulihni and Dal-Riata. — The 
Irish tribes so called, situated respec- 
tively in the cos.of Antrim and Down ; 
not the Scotch tribes similarlj- named. 



* Murhulgg — This place gave name 
to Murlough Bay, on the IST.E. coast 
of the CO. Antrim. 

*^ Rath-maighe-oenaigh. — O'Dono- 
van supposes this place to be repre- 
sented by the " Church of Rath 
. . . . near Manor-Cunningham, 
in the barony of Eaphoe, and county 
of Donegal," Ann. Four Mast., a.d. 
779, note x. 

^ Cluain-mlC'Nois. — Ctuana m 
lluip, A. Cluana m cunoip, B. 

' Indrechtach. — Probably the In- 
drechtach, King of Connaught, whose 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



185 



Cochul-Odhor, scribe of the family of Bangor, 'fell 
isleep.' The battle of Fernmagh/ in which Cetomun 
wsls slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 730. The burning of Cul-rathin. The 
3ntry into religion of Echaid, son of Cuidin," King of the 
Saxons; and he was put in fetters. The burning of 
lairpert-boitter' by Dunghal. A battle between the 
CJruithni and Dal-Riata/ in Murbulgg/ wherein the 
Cruithni were -vanquished. A battle between the son of 
Oengus and the son of Congus ; but Bruide conquered 
Talorg, who fled. Donngal, son of Congal, son of Fergus, 
dies. Faeldobur Becc, the Wise, of Fobar ; Adamnan, 
bishop of Rath-maighe-oenaigh,° and Colman Ua Littain, 
doctor of religion, rested. The killing of Moenach, son 
Df Sechnasach. The death of Echaid, son of Colggu, 
mchorite, of Armagh. Colman of Telach-Ualand, [andj 
Brecc Berbha, slept. Coblaith, daughter of Cellach 
Cualand, dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 731. The death of Flann Sinna, 
descendant of Colla, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois.' The 
killing of Dathgus, son of Baeth, King of the Deise. 
Dubhdalethe son of Dunchu, Flann Cuirrigh son of 
Aithechda, died. The battle of Connaught, in which 
Muiredach son of Indrechtach^ was slain. The pontiff of 
Magh-Eo of the Saxons," Gerald, died. A great philo- 



3bit, " in chricatu" is entered above 
it the year 722. His son, Muiredach, 
whose death is here recorded, is stated 
by the Four Mast. (a.d. 726), and 
Dther authorities, to have been bishop 
)f Magh-Eo ; an error which owes its 
origin to the fusion into one of the 
ihove two distinct entries regarding 
Muiredach, son of Indrechtach, and 
Serald of Magh-Eo. O'Conor, for in- 
stance, printsboth entries as one, thus:— 
' Bellum Connacht in quo cecidit . . . 
Muredach ma InnclUaig Pontifex 
Maigi heu Saxonum Geraalt obiit." 



^ Magk~Eo of the Saxons. — Mayo, 
the seat of an ancient bishopric, in 
the parish of Mayo, and county of 
the same name. See O'Donovan's 
Four Mast., A.D. 726, note b, where 
some strange mistakes regarding the 
dale of the death of St. Gerald of Mayo, 
committed by Colgan, Dr. O'Conor, 
and others, are corrected. For some 
further account of St. Gerald, who 
was an Englishman, see Lanigan's 
Feci. Hist., Vol. III., pp. 166- 
168. 



[730.] 



[731.] 



186 



ccMNccla uLcx:!)!!. 



ITIiqiebra, excinTOUf epu. CecdUic ingen T)tinchaxia 
T)i auib Liacam, iiegiria opT:ii'na e~ beni^ncc, 'Dopmiratiio. 
"Ceimnen Cille 5*^l'^'^'o> lielisioftif clepicup, qtneuio. 
Celiac mac "Ctiacail, ^aex nepootim Cpaiimcain, 111511- 
Foi. 2o«5. lauiif efc. bellum inuep senuf Conaill ev eiisam, m 
cfiio piluiy pepsaile CCid (.1. CCe-D)'oe |?laiT;beiioaco pilio 
Loinjfic (mic CCengupa mic T)omnaill mic CCe-oa mic 
CCmmiiieac) opuimphauic; hnp-DUcibtip cei^fip a xiicione 
euip, piann goban piluip Congaile mic ■pefi^tippa, 
■piaicgup mac T)uibT)ibep55. "Comalcac mac T)umecDO 
mopiciip. belUim iriueja Laignui T)ei^5a1jaifi eu ITItiiin- 
necti, in quo CCexi mac Colsgen uicoop epac SebDann 
pilia Chuipc, T)ominacpix Cille xiapo, obnu. peiigup 
mac Conaill oipcnic, octip ■peppDomnacb pcpiba aip^oT) 
■niacae, obiepiino. Consctlac Cnuco mopicup. 

]ct. kcnaip. CCiino 'Domini ■dcc" xxx.° 11.° THingal 
mac Selbaic "oehonopauio "Copaic cum opaxii; OptiTjeum 
ex ea, ex: ea-oem tnce mpola Cuilen piji muappic. 
TTluipe'Dac mac CCmpcellaic pejntim genepip LoaipnD 
apfumic Congpeppio icepiim muep CCg'd mac 'Pepgaile 
ec genup Conaill in campo Ico, ubi ceciDepunc Conaing 
mac Consaile mic ■pepguppo ec cet;epi mulci. ■KIaT;iui- 
uap "DonnchaDa mic "Domnaill. Occippio CCgtio mic 



' Vi-Liathain. — A tribe descended 
from Eocliaidh Liathanach (son of 
Daire Cerba, ancestor of the Ui- 
Fidhgeinte), whose territorj' embraced 
the greater part of the present barony 
of BaiTymore, co. Cork. The name of 
the territory and tribe is partly repre- 
sented hj that of the present town 
of Castlelyons, in the aforesaid barony. 

- Cill-Garaclh. — Probably the Cinn- 
Garadh (Kingarth, in Bute), referred 
to above at the years C59, 688, and 
infra at 736, 789. 

^Devout. — ifielegiopup, A. Rell- 
Sioppup, B. 



"' Aedh. — CCei). Added in al. man. 
in A., over the form CCit). Clar. 49 
writes "Hugh," the English form. 
Aedh became King of Ireland in A.D. 
733, as stated infra at that year. 

" Ocer Flaithiertach. — Monarch of 
Ireland. Tie piaicbep.cac, A. Tie 
piaicbeiacaco, B. 

*■ Son of Aengus. — The original of 
this clause, which is interlined in al. 
man. in A., is not in B. It is rather 
inaccuratelj' written in Clar. 49. 

' Aedh, son of Colgu. — Aedh was 
King of the Ui-Ceiunselaigh, or South 
Leiustermen. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



187 



Dpher of Ireland, Ua Mithrebtha, died. Cellach, 
aughter of Dunchad, of the Qi-Liathain/ a most excellent 
nd gracious queen, slept. Teimnen of Cill-Garadh,°- a 
evout cleric," rested. Cellach, son of Tuathal, King of 
he Ui-Crimthain, was slain. A battle between Cinel- 
Jonaill and [CinelJ-Eogain, in which the son of Fergal, 
Lid (i.e., Aedh),* triumphed over Flaithbertach," son of 
joingsech (son of Aengus," son of Domnall, son of Aedh, 
on of Ainmire), of whose force these leadei-s were slain : 
Hann G oh an, son of Congal, son of Fergus, [a.nd] Flaithgus, 
on of Dubhdiberg. Tomaltach, son of Duinechdo, dies. 
V battle between the South Leinstermen and the 
^lunstermen, in which Aedh, son of Colgu,' was victor, 
sebdann, daughter of Core, abbess" of Kildare, died. 
Fergus son of Conall Oircnech," and Ferdomnach, scribe 
)f Armagh, died. Congalach of Cnucha dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.d. 732. Dungal," son of Selbach pro- 
aned Torach, when he took Brude out of it ; and on the 
iame occasion he invaded the island of Cuilen-rigi.^"- 
yiuiredach, son of Ainfcellach, assumed the government 
)f the Cinel-Loarnd. Another encounter^" between Aedh, 
son of Fergal, and the Cinel-Conaill, in Magh-Itha, 
f^rherein were slain Conaing, son of Congal, son of Fergus, 
uid many others. The birth of Donnchad," son of Domnall. 



[732.] 



. — ■oominacifiix. Clar. 
t9 renders this by " Ladj'." 

'Conall Oircnech "Conall the 

Plunderer." O'Conor translates the 
jpithet oiyxcnech " Praspositus, vulgo 
Brenach," which is incorrect, as 
Jilficnecll is an adj. derived from 
Jlficain, or o)icuin, " plunder,'' 
' destruction," &c. 

" Dungal. ■ — Referred to again 
mder the years 733 and 735. 

" CuiUn-rigi. — Originally written 
;uiifien 11151 in A., but corrected to 
Dultien 1>151> <"^ cuileti 11151, the 



form in which the name is given at 
802 infra. Dean Reeves considers 
it to be probably the island called 
Inch, off Inishowen, co. Donegal. 
Adamnan, p. 384, note /. MS. B. 
has cuti^en 11151. 

'^ Another encounter. — Congyie^- 
rio I7:eiium. The first encounter, 
or battle, is noticed under the pre- 
ceding j'ear (731). 

" Donncliad. — Afterwards King of 
Ireland. His obit is given at the 
year 796 infra. 



188 



CCMMCClCC UlCTDll. 



Conai[n]cc laegii' 1 iilocpae. Occifio GcTDac cobo pi In 
bfiepail. Cofcpac Cciccol vo T)omnaU cc Tailcae, ocuf 
corcpa-D ■pallomuin t)0 Chacal a 'oLaccsii. lustilacio 
"Ounlcniise piln T)uncon. pLann pine abbccp CUiana 
mic U Noif obiic. T)ocumai bol^gan ancoiaica aipD-o 
niacae paupauiu. Uacca iiipa epc i n-T)el55enif 
Cualctnn, ye copper leae .i- va copp ictp n-i'apctip, oen 
cenn pcnp; T)oomlacc po cpi oL naip caic m-blesutn. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnnoxiomini T)cc.°ccaxx.''ni.° Uecuabpae 
nepop Cacapcng pex nepocum 'Cuipupi mopicup. 
Foi. 2%a. eclippip lunae in .xi. jCt. ■pebptiapn. CoiTimocario 
mapDiptim pecip ocup phoil ocup phaupaicc cro lesem 
peppicieiTDCon ; eu occipio Coib-Denaig piln ■piamn hin 
Congaile. CauTCigepnT) ingen Ceallaig Cualann niopi- 
uup. 'Calopjs mac Congiippo a ppai;pe ptio inn ecu y> 
epc, ■cpa'Dicup m manup piccopiim, et; cum ilLip in 
aqua -oemeppup epc. "oalopssan piliup "Opopcani 
comppehenpup alligacup luxca apcem OUaig. "Dun 
leicpinn -oipcpuioup pope uulnepocionem 'Dungaile, 
ec m riibepniam a pouepcace Oenguppo pugacup epc. 
Con5pep]^io in campo Ico muep pLaicbeiTCach pilium 
Lomspich ec CCe-o CCllam mac pepgaiLe, ubi nepocep 
Gc-oac (vo cniel eo5am) ceciT)epunt;, ec cecepi. 'oaicLeac 



* Ir-Luachalr. — " Eastern Luach- 
air." A district anciently comprising 
the S.E. part of the present co. Kerry, 
^vith the adjoining parts of Limerick 
and Cork. The Paps Mountains in 
Kerry, and the country around King- 
Tvilliamstown (bar. of Duhallow), co. 
Corlc, was included within it. See 
O'Donovan's ed. of O'Dugan and 
O'Huidhrln^ note CoG. 

^ Domnall — Most like! 3' the "Dom- 
nall, son of Murchad " referred to 
above at the year 729, and whose 
accession to the sovereignty of Ireland 
is recorded under 742 infra. 

' Tailtiu. -Teltown, co. Meath, 



where national games were anciently 
celebrated. 

' Tlaclitr/a.- -The old name of the 
" Hill of Ward," near Athboy, co. 
Bleath. 

^ Ddgtnis-Cualcmd. — Dalkey Is- 
land, near Dublin. 

•^ Hewing six legs. — The orig., ye 
cop]pa leae, is roughly translated 
" six feet with her," in Clar. 49, 
which adds " and would yeald milk 
thrice a yeare." The construction of 
the Irish part of the entry is very 
faulty in A. and B. 

' Greater. — ol tiaip caic 111- 
blegmn. The meaning is that the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



189 



e killing of Aedh, son of Conai[n]g, King of Ir- 
achair/ The killing of Echaid Cobo, son of Bresal. 
e spoiling of Cathal by Domnall/ in Tailtiu ;'' and the 
)iling of Fallomun by Cathal, in Tlachtga.* The killing 
Dunlaing, son of Dunchu. Flann Fine, abbot of 
.lain-mic-Nois, died. Dochuma Bolggan, anchorite of 
magh, rested. A cow was seen in Delginis-Cualand," 
ving six legs," viz. : — Two bodies hindwards, one head 
front. If milked thrice [in the day], the produce of 
3h milking was greater.'' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 733. Rechtabra Ua Cathasaigh, King 
the Ui-Tuirtri, dies. An eclipse of the Moon on the 
th of the kalends of February. Transposition" of the 
ics of Peter, and Paul, and Patrick, to fulfil the Law ; 
d tire killing of Coibdenach, son of Flann TJa Congaile. 
intigernd,'' daughter of Cellach Cualand, dies. Talorg 
a of Congus, was manacled by his brother, delivered 
to the hands of the Picts, and drowned by'° them, 
dorgan, son of Drostan, was taken and manacled, near 
Lin-Ollaigh. Dun-Leithfinn" was destroyed, after the 
junding of Dungal ; and he fled to Ireland from the 
iwer of Oengus. An encounter in Magh-ltho, between 
aithbertach,^- son of Loingsech, and Aedh Allan, son oi 
;rgal, wherein the descendants of Echaid (of the Cinel- 
>gain"'), and others, were slain. Taichlech, son of 



ttluce of each successive milking 
s greater than the previous one. 
! O'Donovan's Four Mast, A.D. 
^, note h. 

' Transposition. — Commocacio, 
commucacio, A., B. By 
ommutatio martyrum " is meant 
disinterring and enshrining of 
cs, according to Dean Reeves 
iamnan, p. 313, note c, and 441, 
Commutatio'). 

' Caintiffernd.—the St. Kenti- 
■na of Inch-caileoch ("Nuns' Is- 
d ") in Loch Lomond, who is 



commemorated in the Scotch Calendar 
at Jan. 9. The obit of her father, 
Cellach Cualann, King of Leinster, 
is given above at the year 714. 

"B^.—cum, A., B. Ab., Clar. 
49. 

" Dun-Leithfinn. — Not identified. 

i' Flaithbertach. — King of Ireland 
at the time. See under 731 supra. 
The Four Masters (729=733 of this 
Chronicle) state that he died in 
Armagh, having resigned his kingdom 
to lead a religious life. 

" Of the Cinel-Eogain. — The 



[733.] 



190 



CCNNttlCC tllCCT)tl. 



mac Cmnpaelax) \iex tuigne mofiiuup. CCg-d oUccn 
l"iej:;nai"ie nicipit;. 

]ct. lanaip. CCniioT)omini "dcc." ccxx.° 1111.° OegeDcaii 
epipcopufMoii'i'Di'iomma paufcto. Oelliim in |xe5ionibiip 
innp-ceiiTine inceii nepoDep Neill 7 Ulci^ubi CCe^o pom 
pex lllcrc 7 ConcaD tnac Ciiccnac, pex Cobo, ceciDepunc. 
CCexi macpepsaileinccoppuic. bellum inoep TTlumain 
7 Laignu), tibi mulT:i v\ Laisnib 7 pene mimmepabibef 
ve niume pepieiauiTC, 111 quo CecilLac mac 'Paelcaip 
pex Oppaigi ceciDic ; yev Cacal piluip pnnsume, pex 
ITliiman, eiiappic. CCipechcac nepop "Ounca-oo TTInppce, 
pex nepoDiim pacpac, 7 Caual piluip minpeDaig, pex 
Connachi; (a cfuo claim Cacail muisi hCCi), mopiuncup. 
1 11511 lacio piamn mic Conamg, abbacip Cille mope 
"DiT^pib. T)paco mjenp in pine auuumni cum Donicpuo 
magno pope pe iiipnp efv. Oe'Da papienp Saxoniim 
cfuieuic. 

]cb. lanaip. CCnnoT)omini t)cc.° xxx.° ti.° Oenjup mac 
■pepguppo pex piccopum uapi;auiT; pegionep T)ailpiai;ai, 
7 obuenmc "Dun ac, 7 combiippic Cpeic, 7 TDUop piliop 
Selbaic caT:enip allijauic .1. "Donngal 7 ■pepa'oac ; 7 
panlo pop-cbpuTieup mac Oenguj^a pilii ■pepguppo obiit:. 



origiaal of this clause, which is not 
in B., is added in al. man. in A. 

' Oegeclchar, — The so-called trans- 
lator of these Annals, whose version 
is contained in the MS. Clar. 49, repre- 
sents this name by " Hugh Edchar." 

- Jhirtheimhne. — Otherwise called 
Blagh-Muirtheimhne, " Plain of Muir- 
theimhne." See above at the j'ear 
696. A large plain comprising nearly 
the w^holc of the district forming the 
Ijresent co. of Louth. 

' Aedh JRoin. — In the list of the 
Kings of DIad contained in the Boot: 
of Leinster (p. 41 , col. 3), it is stated 



that Aedh Rdin, after a reign of 26 
years, fell by Aedh Allan " in the 
battle of Fochard " (now Faughard, 
a village about two miles to the north 
of Dundalk, co. Louth). The Foui- 
Mast., at A.D. 732, calls this battle 
the " battle of Fochart in Magh- 
Muirtheimhne." See last note. 

■" Kinff of Coho. — In the Frag, of 
Annals, at A.D. 732, Conchad is 
called " King of the Cruithne'' (or 
Pict.s, of Ulster). 

^ Aedh. — Aedh Allan, King of Ire- 
land, who assumed the sovereignty 
in the preceding year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



191 



nnfaeladh, King of Luighne, dies. 



Aedh Allan begins 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 734. Oegedchar/ bishop of Nendrum, [734.] 

3ts. A battle in the regions of Murtheimhne," between 

e Ui-NeiU and the Ulidians, in which Aedh Roin/ King 

Uladh, and Conchad, son of Cuanu, King of Cobo,' were 

in. Aedh/ son of Fergal, was victor. A battle between 

e Munstermen and Leinstermen, in which perished 

my of the Leiastermen, and Munstermen" almost 

thout number; in which Ceallach, son of Faelchar, 

ing of Ossory, was slain ; but Cathal, son of Finnguine, 

ing of Munster, escaped. Airechtach, grandson of 

inchadh Muirsce,' King of the Ui-Fiachrach, and Cathal, 

n of Muiredach, King of Connaught (from whom are 

e Clann-Cathail of Magh-Ai®), die. Murder of Flann, 

a of Conang, abbot of Cillmor-dithribh." A huge 

agon was seen in the end of autumn, with great 

under after it. Beda, the wise man of the Saxons, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 735. Oengus, son of Fergus, King of [735.] bis. 

e Picts, devastated the regions of Dalriata, and seized 

un-At,^" and burned Creic ;" and bound two sons of 

ilbach in chains, viz. ; — DonngaP- and Feradach. And 

on after, Brude, son of Oengus, son of Fergus, died. 



'Munstermen. — -oe mume, A.; 

momoma, JB. 
' .Dtinchad Muirsce.- -The killing 

this person is recorded above at 
; year 682. 

' Claim CatliaU of Marjh-Ai. — 
mn-Cathail was the tribe-name of 
i O'FIanagans of the co. Eoscom- 
in, -whose territory was anciently. 
;luded in the great plain of Magh-Ai, 
the district nowf orming that county. 
,e original of this clause, which is 
t in B., is added in al. man. in A. 
' Cillmor-dUliribh. — The " Great 
arch of the Wilderness." Now 
Imore, in the barony of Ballintober 



North, CO. Eoscommon. See Eeeves' 
Adfimnan, p. 99, notes'. 

'" Dun-Af, or Dun-Att, as the name 
is otherwise "written. See above at 
the year 682. O'Conor incorrectly 
renders Dim-At by " arces," not con- 
sidering it a proper name. 

" Creic. — Skene says that this 
place is Creich, in the Ross of Mull, 
opposite the Sound of lona. Chvon. 
Picts and Scots^ Preface, p. cxxxi. 
O'Conor, mistaking the name cp.eic 
forciaicli(a ''territory "or "border"), 
renders it by rer/iones. 

'^ Donngal. — The Dungal men- 
tioned above at 732 and 733. 



192 



aMMalcc tiLccDli. 



bellum Cnuicc Coiiapi"ii i Calcrcpof uc Gcafilin'O'DU, \z\\i 
Foi. 2%b. "Oaliaiacai 7 "PoiiarJiiinT), 7 'Caloiagjccn mac ■pepgufi^o 
pilnim C€inpceallaic pupen-em cum exe|icit;u pejipe- 
quiciiia ; in qua conj;iieppone mulci iiobilep conci- 
-Dei^unu. niopf ■pianamla mic ^eiiciiTDi abbaci]^ Cluana 
liaaip-DT), 7 moiif CpunnmaiL pilii Colgsen abb tufcan. 
T)anelmacColmain iiTDiniti abb aiiiDO)T.eccain,7Colman 
mac ■mupcon abb maigi Oile, quieuepunc. lugulaT^io 
Tnaebepocaiicais pi In TTlaeleTruile v\ Laignib. tl))^ 
papienp 7 anchopica Inpole uaccae albae, 'Dubbccip, 
7 8ampon nepopCoiicpaiti,T)opmieiuinu. boDbuac mac 
Conaill gabpai, pex Co1ppl^1, mopicup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 'Domini 'dcc°. xxx°. ui°. TTlopp 
Ronain abbauip Cinngapa-D. 'Paelbe piluip ^uccipe .1. 
hepep tTlaelpubi [CCpopJcpopan in ppopunDO pelagi 
■Dimeppup epu, cum puip nauuip numepo era. 11. Conmal 
nepop Locheni abbap Clona mic 11 Noip paupau. 
Conjpeppio inuicem inT:.ep nepocep CCetio plane, ubi 
Conaing mac CCmalgaifi Cepnacum tncic, 7 Ca^aL mac 
CCexio ceci'Diu; luxca LapiTjem (Xilbe ab opienrali papT;e 
gepca Bfv. tn uipjip mac ■pepjuppo popcpare uisulacup 
epc. bpepal, mac Concobaip aip-oD occippup epc. 



1 Calathros. — Mentioned above !it 
tbeyear 687. See Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 202, note. SkenesuggeststhatCala- 
thros was the Celtic name of the dis- 
trict comprising the Carse of Falkirk. 
Chron. Picts and Scots, Pref.,i). Ixxx. 

2 Etarltndu. — This place, the situa- 
tion of which has not been identified, 
signifies " between linns (or lakes)." 

^ Fortrenns. — The Picts of For- 
trenn, in Scotland, are frequently 
designated by the name of their 
territory, Fortrenn, in the Chronicles. 
See note °, p. 118, sajjra. 

* Talorgan.—The Talorgan men- 
tioned as having been slain ■ in the 



battle of Cat, at the year 749 infra, 
where he is stated to have been the 
brother of Oengus [king of the Picts], 
whose obit is given at the year 760. 

^ Son of Ainfcellach. — This must 
have been Muiredach (called Uair/~ 
neck, or "the Lonely"), son of Ainf- 
cellach, 17th king of Dalriada (si. 
718 su2>ra). Muiredaeli, who was of 
the House of Loarn, became king of 
Dalriada and Lord of Lorn, in the 
year 733 (732, sujjra). 

'■ Flanamail. — His obit is in the 
Ann. of the Four Masters under a.d. 
781, where his father's name is given 
as " Gertidh." Fianamail was brother 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



193 



le battle of Cnoc-Coirpri in Calathros^ at Etarlindu,^ 
tween the Dalriata and Fortrennsf and Talorgan/ son of 
rgus, with an army, pursued the son of Ainfcellach/ who 
d ; in which encounter many noble persons were slain, 
le death of FianamaiP son of Gertind, abbot of Cluain- 
lird, and of Crunnmael son of Colgu, abbot of Lusk. 
mel, son of Colman ' Indinin,''' abbot of Axd-Brecain, 
d Colman, son of Murcu, abbot of Magh-Bilfe, rested, 
le killing of Maelfothartaigh, son of Maeltuile, by 
instermen. Dublittir, a wise man and anchorite of Inis- 
-finne, and Samson, descendant of Corcran, slept. 
)dbthach, son of Conall Gabra," king of Coirpri, dies. 
Kal. Jan. a.d. 736. Death of Ronan, abbot of Cenn- 
radh.' Failbhe, son of Guaire, i.e. successor" of Mael- 
ba of [Aporjcrosan," was submerged in the depth of 
e sea'^ with his sailors, twenty-two in number. Conmal, 
scendant of Locheni, abbot of Clonmacnoise, rests. A 
nflict between each other, among the descendants of 
;dh Slane, in which Conaing, son of Amalghaidh, van- 
ished Cernach, and Cathal, son of Aedh, was slain : 
ar Lic-Ailbhe," on the east side, it was fought. Muir- 
i, son of Fergus Forcraidh," was slain. Bresal, son of 
incobhar of Ard, was slain.^^ Oengus, son of Ailill, king 



jcllach Cualann, king of Leinster, 
3se obit is entered at the year 71i 

J'O. 

TiiiUnin. — Printed indmin by 
!onor. " Indinin " is probably a 
take for Ind-eidlmen, " the little 

'' (or ivy-covcrcd church). See 
•on. Scot. ed. Hennessy, p. 162, 
e2. 

Conall Gabra Called " Congal 

)ra " at the year 702 supra. 

CenngaraM. — Kingarth, in Bute. 
Successor. — The Latui equivalent, 
;s, is misplaced in the entry. 

Madruha of \_Apor~\crosan. — See 
s ° at the year C72 supra. 



'^ Of the sea. — pitagi, A. 

" Lic-Ailhhe. — This was the name 
of a large stone which stood in the 
plain of Magh-Ailbhe, in Meath (the 
name of which plain seems still pre- 
served in that of the townland cf 
Moynalvy, par. of Kilmore, bar. of 
Lower Deece, co. Jleath). The fall- 
ing of this stone is noticed at the year 
998 infra, where it is stated that four 
mill-stones were made of it by King 
Maelsechlainn. 

" Fergus Forcraidh. — The death 
of this person, in the battle of Corann, 
is recorded above at the year 702. 

" Was slain. — occiffujf ey^c, A. 
O 



[736.] 



194 aNNccloc nlccoli. 

Oenpf mac CCilello 111 aiiaT)T)ae Cmnnacoa tnotaicufi. 
TTloiif 5l''C(iP'^iS abbacif imleco pa. "Dal ii;ii^ CCef) 
n-alT)Dan 7 Cacal oc I^ii^ va jbaf. Lexpaciiicn uenuii: 
nibeiiniam. piangalac mac TDufca'DO, -pex hll TTlail, 
mo)iiciip. 

let. lanaii^. CCnno T»omini -dcc." o(xk.° tiii.° ■paelan 
nepof Oiaam, Lajinenfium \iex, immacupa aeraT:e ac 
mopinara mo]TCe incepnc "oobe epifcopuf Cluana 
ip.aip'O'D, "Dignirf "Dei milef, paui^ac. Ceiinac pilniv 
■pogapraig a ftiip fcelcjiacif i^ocnf ■Dolofe uisulorup., 
Cfnem tiaccaiuim uictib yinpimi opbip miilieiief ceTDioi^G 
Vleuejaunu. bellum a^o Senaic (.1. cau Ucba-o .xnii. 
fepcimbpip 'Die .ui. i:efiia) inceji nepocep Kleill 7 Lagin- 
Foi.. SOaa. e,-|y>ef cpuT)elit;e|i gefrum eyv, in quo binalep -pesef celp 1 
msopip peccopip apmip alcepnaxrim conspeppi puiTC -i. 
CCexi al'DDan pi "Ceiripach 7 CCet> mac Colsgen .1. pi 
Laigen, e quibtip tinup pupeppcep iiulnepat;tip iiixit;, .1. 
CCex) allan : aliup uepo, .1. CCexi mac Colgan, milicapi 
mucpone capice rpuncacup epc. "Ciinc nepocep Cuinn 
immenpa inccopia •Dicax;! piniT: cum l^agenop puop 
emulop mpolico mope in pugam miccunc, calcairc, 
pcepnunc, pubuepcunu, conpumunt., ica ux: upque av 
iircepnicionem umueppup hopnbp pene "oelecup exep- 
ciT:up, paucip nunciip penuiiciancibup ; 7 in call bello 



' Graiphnech. — Gen. form Graiph- 
nigh. This name signifies " writer." 
The Four blasters, at A.D. 732, write 
the name " Graiphnidh." 

^ Imlech-Fia. — Now Emlagh, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Kells, co. Meath. 

^ Aedh Aldan; or Aedh Allan. 
King of Ireland at the time. 

* Cathal. — Cathal Mac Finr/tiine, 
king of Munster, whose obit is given 
within at the year 741. Cathal is 
the hero (or rather the Gargantua) 
of a remarkable story, written in the 
Eabelaistic style, contained in the 



old Irish MS. known as the Leabhar 
Breac, called " Mac CongUnne's 
Vision " ; a translation of which, by 
the Editor of the present work, was 
published in Fraser's Mag. for Sep- 
tember, 1873. 

' Tir-da-glas. — Terryglass. 

"^ Ui-Mall. — The tribe-name of the 
descendants of Maine Mai, ancestor 
of most of the ancient septs of the 
district now represented by the co. 
Wicklow. The well-known Glen of 
Imaile, in the barony of Upper Tal- 
botstown, CO. Wicklow, derives its 
name from the Ui-Mail. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



195 



f Ard-Cianachta, dies. Death of Graiphnech,i abbot of 
mlech-Fia.'^ A meeting between Aedh Aldan' and 
kthal/ at Tir-da-glas.'^ The ' Law' of Patrick held Ireland, 
i'iangalach, son of Murchadh, king of Ui-Mail/ dies. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 737. Faelan, grandson' of Bran, king 
f the Leinstermen, died at an unripe age, and un- 
xpectedly. Tole," bishop of Cluain-Iraird, a worthy 
oldier of God, rests. Cernach, son of Fogartach,' is 
reacherously slain by his own wicked associates ; whom 
be calves of the cows, and the women of this lower 
^orld, in long continued sadness bewailed. The battle 
f Ath-Senaigh^" (i.e., the battle of TJchbadh,^! on the 
4th of September, the 6th day of the week), was 
bstinately fought between the Ui-Neill and the Leinster- 
len, wherein the two kings respectively, men of heroic 
ilour,'^ encountered each other in single combat, namely, 
edh Aldan, king of Tara, and Aedh son of Colgu, 
ing of Leinster; one of whom, Aedh Aldan, left the 
jld alive, though wounded, while the other, Aedh son 
' Colgu," had his head severed by the sword" of battle, 
hereupon the race of Conn enjoyed a signal victory, 
hilst with unwonted measure they routed, trampled, 
ushed, overthrew, and consumed their adversaries of 
einster, insomuch that almost their entire army perished, 
id was only saved from utter annihilation by the escape 
■ a few, who bore away the tidings of the disaster ; and 



[737.] 



^ Grandson. — Faelan was the son 
Murchad (king of Leinster, ob. 
G, supra), son of Bran, king of 
inster (ob. 692, supra), and the same 
'son stated to have been successful 
aiust his brother in the battle of 
inne, recorded above at th e year 72 7 . 

' Tole This name should be pro- 

inced Td-15. The Four Masters 
ite the name Tola, at a.d. 733. 
' Fogartaeh. — See above, at the 
ir 723, 



'" Atli-Senaigh — Now Ballyshan- 
non, in tlie parish of the same name, 
barony of West Offaly, co. Kildare. 

" Uchhadh. — Another name for 
Ath-Senaigh. This clause, added in 
original hand in A., is not in B. 

^^ Of heroic valour. — cetci |ii- 
5oyiiy^ in,eccoyi,e]p, A., B. Clar. 49 
has celsi vigores rectores. 

'^ Aedh son of Colgu. — The original 
of this is not in B. 

" B)/ the sword. — mocfione, A. 
o 2 



196 



caiNccLo; ulcroli. 



tjanuof ceciT)iff e i:eiitinT; qticciTCOf peja qiaiifacua \iez'[iO 
fecula in tnio fiibcubiufpe impecii 7 peiioci lUiiffe 
conpliccu non compejiimup. CeciDeiiunc aticem in hoc 
beUo opoimi -Diicep .1. CCe^D mac Colggen, bpan becc 
mac TDupcatio (.1. -Da 1115 Laigen), ■pepgup mac TTIoinais, 
■Dub-oacpic mac aui CeUaij mic Tpiein, "oa cigepna 
"Pochapca, panjalac .il. TTIaeleaiucen, Conall .n. 
CCioecT)ai, ceirpe meic 'Plainn am Con^aile, Gla'oac am 
TDaelmTiip, 7 cei^epi mnbci qm compenDU caupa omippi 
piinr;. Uijiilaoio "Pepgiippa mic Cpaum^am. ITlopp 
Copcpaic mic MomDenais pegip'galens. OelUim Inpeo 
in cfuo cecTOiT: pepnbeanti. niopp Soccauaig am 
niaelecoili. Sloga-D Cauail mic pinngmne co Laisnui 
CO pticc giallu paelain, 7 coppticc maine mapa. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini ticc". xxx". mii°. pepgup 
gluuc, pex Co15o, ppUDip iienenaT;ip malepicopimi homi- 
num obiit;. Ciiana nepop beppain pcpiba 'Cpeoic 
paupau. T)opmiT;aoio SanToainne cliiano bponaig, 7 
■Dopmicacio nepocip ITIaele'Daunein epipcopi. Com- 
bupcio mmnncepi T)omnaill 1 m-boDbpaic, iibi ceciDic 
OCilill bpeg ie\v in 'Domo cenae. Tllopp CCilello mic 
'Cuacail, pepp nepocum Cpemcain. piann mac Cel- 



' Aedh. — Aedh, son of Colgu, other- 
wise called Aedh Mend, -was only 
king of Ui-Cendselaig, or Southern 
Leinster, according to a list of kingsof 
that province contained in the Book 
of Leinster, p. 4:0, col. 1. 

' Folliarta. — The principal tribes of 
tlie Fotharta at the time of the above- 
mentioned battle, were the two septs 
■who gave name to the districts now 
represented by the baronies of Forth 
in the cos. of Carlow and Wexford. 

■' Who. — qui. liepresented by 7, 
the sign for et or ocup, in A. and B. 
Clar. 49 reads qui. 

* Of Inis, — liipeo. Inis means an 



" Island." But there is nothing in 
either MS. to indicate what island is 
here referred to. 

* CatJial, son of Finguine. — King 
of Munster. See under the year 
736. 

" Ui-Faela'm — This was the tribe- 
name of the powerful sept descended 
from Faelan, kmg of Leinster, whose 
obit is given among the entries for 
this year. The name was also applied 
to the territory occupied by the clan 
which included the northern part of 
the CO. of Kildare until shortly after 
the EngUsh invasion, when they were 
driven out of this district, and settled 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



197 



cli was the carnage in this battle, that more are reported 
have fallen in it than we read of ever having perished in 
y one onslaught and fierce conflict of all preceding ages, 
le best captains, also, were slain in this battle, viz. : — 
idh,^ son of Coign, and Bran Bee, son of Murchadh (two 
ags of Leinster), Fergus, son of Moenach, and Dubh- 
rCrich, son of the grandson of Cellach, son of Trien, two 
)rds of Fotharta ;= Fiangalach Ua Maelaithcen ; Conall 
a Aitechta ; the four sons of Flann, descendant of Con- 
1; Eladach, descendant of Maeluidhir, and many others 
ho,^ for the sake of brevity, are omitted. The killing 
Fergus, son of Gremthan. The death of Coscrach, son 
Noindenach, king of the Galenga. The battle of Inis," 

which Fernbeand was slain. Death of Sothcathach, 
iscendant of Maeltuili. A. hosting by Cathal, son of 
.nnguine," to the Leinstermen, when he carried off the 
)stages of the Ui-Faelain,° and great spoils. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 738. Fergus Glutt, king of Cobha, 
ed from the envenomed spittles' of evil men. Guana, 
iscendant of Bessan, scribe of Treoit," rests. The 'fall- 
g asleep ' of Samhthann of Gluain-Bronaigh ; and the 
xUing asleep ' of Ua Maeledathnen,' bishop. The hnvn- 
g of the family of DomnalP in Bodbrath,^" where Ailill 

Brig-Leith was slain in the banquet-house. Death of 
Jill, son of Tuathal, king of the Ui-Gremthainn. Flann, 



[738.] 



the east of the present county of 
icklow. In later times the most 
pectable representatives of the sept 
re the families of O'Byrne and 
ic Eochaidh (or Keogh). Tlie 
ur Masters (a.d. 733) state that 
I hostages were talten from Bran 
3 (" Bran the Little "), whose 
ith is recorded under this year. 
' Envenomed spittles. — jf'puci-pnen- 
n;if. tienencoci-p, A. The Four 
.sters explain this curious entry by 
ting (a.d. 734) that it appeared to 



Fergus Glut that wicked people used 
to cast spittles, in ^vhich they put 
charms, in his face, which was the 
cause of his death. 

° Treoit Trevet, in the barony of 

Skreen, co. Meath. 

^ Domnall. — Apparently the Doni- 
nall, son of Murchad, whose accession 
to the monarchy of Ireland is recorded 
at the year 742 infra., and who is also 
referred to above at 729. 

•" Bodbrath.— 'Sol identified. 



198 



CCMNalCC UlCCDtl. 



Fol. 30aS. 

.b. 



Iai5 pilii CfiuiTomail, epifcopuf Rec|iainne, rriofiicU]a. 
■Calofigjan mac "Diiopcain fiex CCu poi€Le -oimet^ipuf .1. 
la Oensuf. moiip CCe-o piln gaiibain. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini ■occ." ocxx." ix.° In cle|ii- 
cariini T)omnall exnc lusulacio nepouif CCilello 
rigefinae ceniuil pacac. 'Cefii-iimocuf in IL1 .11- 1-0. 
CCpixibf. pLann nepof Conjaile mopuiuf efc. Cubfie- 
ran mac Consuffo moyirinip epc, 7 mor^^ Cellaig pibi 
Secn-Di, abbacif CUiano mic Moaip. "OubDabaiiienn 
abbap pobaip. "Oopmicacio TTlanceine T:omae jfieine. 
'OoiimicaT;io fancT:i bpain lainne eia. 'pian'o peblae 
abbap ^o'P^ chonaich mopiciip. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini ncc." ccl.° ITlopp Conli 
■Cerba 7 CCmalsa-DO pegip ConaiUe. Itigulacio TTliip- 
cha-oa pi In pepgaile pi In maeleT)uin, 7 Conall mac 
laplaici mopicup. TTIoi-ip 'Plainn CCigle, epii^copi 
ecDpoma. TTlopp "PuipecTrai^ pp.incipip innpeo Coil. 
Oepail ingen Secntipais mopirup. belltim popbopop 
in cfuo ceciDepunc .11. pi In 'Piannamlo -i. In'opeccac 7 
Conall, 7 ceuepi. lustilacio ©pnani nepocip Gcuilp. 
Oellum caipn 'Pepa'Daigin quo ceciDir "Copcan cmipeiu 



^ Rechra. — It is not certain whether 
the place here intended is Eechra, now 
known as the Island of Lambaj', to 
the north of Howth, co. Dublin, or 
Raghery (otherwise called Kathlin 
Island), off the north coast of the co. 
Antrim. The name " Rathlin," ap- 
plied ta this island, is a corruption of 
" Rechrainne," the genit. form of 
" Eechra." 

^ Ath-Fuithh. — Athol, in Perth- 
shire. Tor other forms of the name, 
see Eeeves' Adamnan, p. 385, note j. 

' By Oengus. --O'CanoT reads the 
orig. (t,a Oengup) "in Laaengi,'' and 
translates "in nave"! 

' Domnall Evidently Domnall, 

son of Mitrchadh, who became king of 



Ireland in 742, and who is elsewhere 
referred to in these Annals bj' his 
Christian name (Domnall) merely. 
The re-entrance of Domnall into reli- 
gion is recorded at the year 743 iiifra^ 
^ Cinel-Fiachacli — Usually Angli- 
cised Kenaliagh. The territory of 
the descendants of Fiacha, son of 
Niall Nine-hostager, which comprised 
some of the southern part of the 
present co. Westmeath, and a large 
portion of the King's county adjoin, 
ing. It was in later times known as 
" Mageoghegan's Country." See 
O'Donovan's ed. of O'Dubhagain, 
note 30. 

" //e.— The Island of Islay, Scotland. 

' Flann Ua Congaile. " Flann, de- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



199 



on of Cellach, son of Cnmdmael, bishop of Rechra/ dies. 
Talorgan, son of Drostan, king of Atli-Foithle," was 
Irowned, viz., by Oengas.' Death of Aedh, son of 
jarbhan. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 739. Domnall' entered into religion. [739.] bis. 
Che killing of Ua Ailella, lord of Cinel-Fiachach.'^ An 
iarthquake in lie/ ou the 2nd of the Ides of April. Flann 
Ja Congaile' died. Cubretan, son of Congus, died ; and 
.he death of Cellach, son of Secde, abbot of Cluain-mic- 
"^ois. Dubdabairenn, abbot of Fobhar, [died]. The 'fall- 
ng asleep ' of Mancheine of Tuaim-greine.*' The 'falling 
Lsleep' of Saint Bran of Lann-EIa. Flann Febhla, abbot 
)f Gort-chonaich, dies. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 740. Death of Conla of Tetliba, and 
)f Amalgaidh, king of Conaille. The killing of Murchadh, 
son of Fergal," son of Maelduin ; and Conall, son of 
iarlaith, dies. Death of Flann Aighle, bishop of Ech- 
Iruim." Death of Fuirechtach, sitperior of Inis-Coil." 
Befall, daughter of Sechnasach, dies. The battle of 
forboros,^- in which Fiannamail's two sons, viz., Indrech- 
;ach and Conall, and others, "were slain. The killino: of 
Ernaine, son of Eculp. Battle of Carn-Feradhaigh,'' in 



[740.] 



icendant o£ Congal ;" the same person 
referred to above under the year 737, 
(Vhere four of his sons are stated to 
lave been slain in the battle of Ath- 
Senaigh. The obit of Flann is given 
jy the Four Masters at a.d. 74C. 

' Tuaim-r/rehie. — Tomgraney, in 
;he barony of Upper Tulla, co. Clare. 
The Cliron. Scot., at A.D. 9G4, refers 
;he erection of its chirjtech (or Round 
Towei) to Cormac Ua Cillin, whose 
)bit is given at that year in the same 
Chronicle. The entry is remarkable 
IS being the first record occurring in 
,he Irish Annals, indicating the date 
)f the erection of a Round Tower. 

' Fergal. — Fergal, king of Ireland, 



whose death in the battle of Allen 
(co. Kildare) is recorded at the year 
721 supra. 

^^ Fchdrulm. — '^ow Auglirim, in 
tlie CO Galway, the site of the famous 
" battle of Aughrim," fought on July 
12th, 1G91, between the Jacobite and 
William'te armies, in which the 
Jacobites were defeated. 

" Inis-Coil. — Now Inishkeel, an 
island on the south side of Gweebarra 
Bay, in the barony of Boylagh, co. 
Donegal. 

" t orboros,- ■Tb.m place has not 
been identified. 

" Carn-Femdhaiijh. — See note ' at 
the year G2G supra. 



200 



cctmalcc ulccDli. 



1u5ular;io CCilello copiiaig mic piainn, liejif Oct Pailse. 
Oelltim Tipoma Ca-cmail inceii Cpuicnni 7T)ali'tiaT;i pjii 
1 n-Dfiechcccc. peficupfio "Daljaicrcai la hOengur mcfc 
■po)i55iiifpo. Copp peqiomlle mgine peatiaiia -D'aqiii- 
gaxi hoc anno, 7 na poccail po ■D'pasBail pcpipha xio 
liciji peaDai]! pern annpan a-blacaxi iTiaiimtii]i ap ap 
co^ax) In .1. apea peuponiUe "Dilecappime pilie. 

]ct- lanaip. CCnno ■Domini t>cc.° a:l.° 1." Illopp 
CCipechcaig pibi Cuanac ppincipip ■pepnanD. poipi;l)e 
ceniuil puccac 7 "Oelmne la Oppaige. niopp Cauail 
mic pinngume pegip Caipil. tTlopp niaileocopig abba- 
cip Cille pobpig. niopp Cui-ojile pcpiba 7 abbaci]^ 
tusinait). TTlopp CCg-do bailb pegip Conachc .1. tnac 
liTopecraij mic muipeT)ai5. ScpangiiUrcio Conams 
mic CCmalgaix) pegip Ciannaccae. lugula^io CCprpac 
pilii CCirecTjai, pi5 nepoT;iim Cpaumoamn. Leppa in 



^ Flann. — Better known to the stu- 
dents of Irish (MS.) history as Flarn- 
Dachongal, king of the Ui-Failge for 
fourteen years. See Boole oJ'Lemsfer, 
p. 40, col. 3. 

- Cruithu—Dcdrkita. — It is not cer- 
tain Tvhether these were the Picts 
(Crmihni) and Dalriads of Scotland, 
or those of Ireland. But they were 
probahly the Pictish and Dalriadic 
septs of Ireland. " Dalriata " is 
written "Dat peci in A., 'Dalixiaci 
in B., and Dalriada in Clar. 49. 

^'Smiting.'' — pe|\cuT;io, A. pe^x- 
curio, B. " Percussio," Clar. 49. 

^ Petronilla. — There can he no 
doubt that there was u very early 
martyr or confessor of this name, 
which is a diminutive — not of Peter, 
as is supposed, but of Petronius, and 
formed in the same manner as Dru- 
sillaand Priscilla; although in French 
it is Perrine. She was probably of 
the noble Roman " familia Petronia." 
And as to her relationship to St. Peter, 



it may, as Baronius suggests, have 
been in the same sense as "Marcus 
filius meus." This writer treats of 
her under the year of Christ G9, 
(cap. xxxiii- — Annales, tom. i., p. 
640 J— ed. Lucffi 1738). She is com- 
memorated at the 81st of May, in the 
Roman and other Martyrologies ; and 
all the particulars that are known or 
conjectured of her history are to be 
found in the Actt. SS. of the Bollandists 
at that day. Of her translation (above 
represented by aci^ugaT)) the earliest 
authority is the chronicle of Sigebert 
of Gemblours,who died in 11 13, and, at 
758, has the following entry : — " Cor- 
pus Sanctffi Pefronillw, Petri apostoli 
filiffi, a Paulo papa transponitur, in cu- 
jus marmoreo sarcophago, ipsius apos- 
toli Petri manu sculptum legebatur: 
Aurea; Petronila;, dilectissima3 filia;. 
— Pistorius, Rer. Germ. Script. ,tora. i., 
p. 77G (ed. Katisb. 1 726). According 
to most ancient authorities the ' trans- 
lation ' of the remains of St. Petronilla 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



201 



'hich fell Torcan Tinireid. The killing of Ailill Corrach, 
on of Flann/ king of the Ui-Failghe. The battle of 
)ruim-Cathmail, between tlie Ci'uithni- and Dalriata,'^ 
gainst Indrechtach. The 'smiting'^ of the Dalriata by 
lengus, son of Forgus. The body of Petronilla,' daughter 
f Peter, was translated in this year ; and these words 
^ere found written, in Peter's own handwriting, in the 
larble tomb ovit of which it was taken, viz. : — " the place 
)f rest] of Petronilla, most dearly beloved daughter." 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 74]. Death of Airechtach, son of 
uanu, superior of Ferns. The devastation of Cinel- 
iachach" and Delbna," by the Osi^aighe. Death of 
athal, son of Finnguine, King of Cashel. Death of 
'aelochtraigh, abbot of Cill-Fobrigh. Death of Cudgilfe, 
iribe and abbot of Lughmadh. Death of Aedh Ealb, son 
f Indrechtach, son of Muiredach, King of Connaught. 
he strangling of Conaing,' son of Amalgaidh, King of 
ianachta. The killing of Artru, son of Aithechda, King 
■ the Ui-Cremthainn. A leprosy in Ireland. Besiege- 



[74L] 



IS effected by Pope Paul I., who 
IS under the fear that the cemetery 

which they were deposited might, 
th other cemeteries, be desecrated. 
iJrat inter alia (Baronius says) vetus 
;meterium, S. Petronilla; dictum, ex 
idem Pontifex sacrum corpus 
.isdem sanctffi sublatum, transtulit 
ud basUicam Yaticanam hoc anno.'' 
males, J. C. 758 (torn. 12, p. 644). 
e Stoke'3 ed. of theFelire ofAengus, 

xci. ; OVits and Martyrology oj 
:rist Church, Dublin, p. 121 ; and 
'oh of Lismore, fol. 52, h, 1. The 
mtificateof PopePaul (L), 757-766, 
ihraces the date of ' Translation ' 

St. Petronilla's remains, as given 

Sigebert, but is 18 years later than 
B date in these Annals. It is to be 
fther observed, that the motto said 

have been foimd on her tomb, as 



given by Aringhi (Roma Subterranea) 
and older v/riters, commences with 
the word atirece, whereas these Annals 
read area, m which case the word 
was probably supposed to bear 
the interpretation of coemeterium, or 
sepulchrum. 

' Cind-Fiachach. — See note under 
A.jj. 739. 

" Delbiia.—'VleX.nf(\e,^.,'G. Delvna, 
Clar. 49. There were several terri- 
tories in Ireland known hy this name. 
The territory here referred to was 
probably Delbna-Ethra, in later times 
called MacCochlan's country, and 
now represented hy the barony of 
Garrycastle, in the King's count}', 
which adjoined the territory of Cinel- 
Fiachach. 

' Conaing Apparently' the Conaing 

mentioned above at the year 730. 



20: 



CCNNCCLCC ula'oli. 



hibejania. Obfepo CCuilunn -pibi Ciiiiip- liisiitano 
Ceniuil Choi|ipfii i n-^panaipec. 

]ct. Ian. CCnno 'Domini "dcc" a;l-° 11.° TTlopf CCppfii- 
cae 7)0111 inacpi 01 f CilLe -00)10. beLUim T)ami Depsg 
in quo ceciT)e]iiint; "Ounscil mac ■]2LainT), pi Cul, 7 
Foi. 30ia. pepsuf mac Opcic. Innpeccac nepop Conaing uiccop 
epao. ITlopp Cuniene neporip Ciapain, abbacip Rec- 
painne. bellinn Sepeumaige (.1. 1 Cenannap, la 
"DoiTinall mac 1Tlupcax)a), in quo cecixiepuno dex) 
olT)-Dain mac ■pepgaibe, 7 Cumupcac mac Concobaip 
pi na n-CCip€ep, 7 TTloenac mac Conbaic pex nepocum 
Cpem^ani [7], TTluipe'Dac mac "Pepjupa popcpaixi, pex 
neporum "Cuipcpi. 

'Ciuspan'D CCexia CCLDain po : — 

"Om nommanpet) mo T)ia t)iI, 
pop bpu loca SailceTjam, 
lapiun "Diambeinnpi ppi col, 
■Ropai) mam ap mot) m'anacot. 

Oeblum icip ccuu lllaine, 7 Ua pacpac CCi'Sne. Oellum 
Luipg liicip uu CCilello 7 ^ailenjo. Ilaec .1111. bella 
pene in una aepcaue peppecca punc. lex nepocip 



^ Son of Crop. — piln Cl^uip, A. 
Ctiip.p (of Corp) B. Cruip.Clar. 49. 
' Granaii-et. — "Granard" [co. Long- 
ford], Clar. 49. 

'Abbess. — 'Dominacp.ix, A., B., 
and Clar. 49, for Tiominacpiciip. 

■' Dam-Berff. — This place has not 
been identified. The Four Mast. 
(738) state that It was in Breagh. 
See next note. The name "would 
signify " Red Ox " (or Red Deer). 

' Cul In the Ann. Four Nasi., at 

the year 738, where the battle of 
Dam-Derg is entered, this name 
is represented by Peix Cul, (genit. 
of Piifi, Cul) the name of a district 
otherwise called peaiia Cut bytes, 



comprising the baronies of Upper 
and Lower Kells, in the co. Meath. 

^ Bechra. — Either Lambay Island, 
to the north of Howth, co. Dublin, 
or Rathlin Island, off the north coast 
of Antrim. 

' Cenannas. — This was the old Irish 
nameof Kells, co. Meath. This clause, 
which is added in al. man. in A., is not 
in B. Clar. 49 has " Bellum Sretmaii 
at Kelles by Daniell M'Murchaa." A 
marg. note in A. has "Domnall mac 
inup.cTiaT)a uiccoia puic. 

' Aedh Aldan, or Aedh Allan — 
Monarch of Ireland. 

° Airthera. — The Oriors. The name 
of this district, which is often referred 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



203 



The killing of the Cinel- 



lent of Ailivin, son of Crop.' 
oirpri in Granairet. ^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 742. Death of Affrica, abbess" of Kil- 
a-re. The battle of Dam-Derg/ in which Dungal, son 
5" Flann, King of Cul/ and Fergus, son of Ostech, were 
ain. Indrechtach, descendant of Conaing, was victor, 
'eath of Cumeue, descendant of Ciaran, abbot of Rechra." 
he battle of Sered-magh (i.e., at Cenannas/ by Domnall, 
m of Murchad), in which fell Aedh Aldan,^ son of 
'ergal, and Gumuscach, son of Gonchobar, King of the 
jrthera/ and Moenach, son of Gonlaech, King of the 
Ji-Gremthainn, and Muiredach, son of Fergus Forcraidh/" 
Ling of the Ui-Tuirtri. 

This is Aedh Aldan's last verse ": — 
" If my clear God protected me, 
On the brink of Loch-Sailcedan ;'^ 
If I were afterwards given to sin, 
My protection would be beyond rule." 

L battle between the TJi-Maine and U i-Fiachrach of 
ddhne. The battle of Lorg,'' between the Ui-Ailello,'' 
nd Gailenga.'^ These four battles were fought almost 



[742.] 



I as " Orientales," i.e., the eastern 
arts of the ancient territory of the 
irghialla, is still represented bj' the 
ironies of Lower and Upper Orior, 
I the CO. Armagh. 

1° Fergus Forcraidh, — The death of 
lis person is recorded at the year 702, 
'pro. 

'^Last verse. — The lines ivhich 
illow here are written in the top 
,argin of A., fol. 30 d. They are 
rt in B. 

12 Loch-Sailcedan. — Now Lough- 
illagh, in the parish oi Dunboyne, 
). Meath, according to O'Donovan. 
our Mast., a.d. 738, note i. 



^^ Loi-g. — This place has not been 
identified. 

'^ Ui-Ailello. — " Descendants of 
Ailill." The tribe name of the sept 
that inhabited the district forming the 
present barony of TirerriU (in Irish 
"CilT, CCilettd, or the land of Ailill). 

'■' Gailenga. — This was the tribe 
name of a clan descended from Oilill 
Oluim, King of Munster, who occu- 
pied a large district embracing part 
of the present counties of Mayo and 
Sligo. The name of Gailenga is still 
preserved in that of the barony of 
Gallen, co. Mayo. 



204 



aMt^cclcc nlccDli. 



Stianaig. Concenn insen Cellaig Ciicdann nioiiiotip- 
Insulacio 'Duib'ooiqie iie^if iiepot;iim biannn- CCppicrc 
abbap maigi bile [moiucup]. Commoracio rnopTrii-mm 
■Ciieno CiUe -Deiljje, 7 111 bolgcccb. T)oiTinal.l mccc 
ITlupchcrocc iiegtiape mcipic. 
•t). ]ch. 1cm. CCnno -Domim -dcc" xl.° 111.° Itisiilct-io 

LaiDjpieni piln "Doinennaig, epipcopi, abbaoip Sctibiicce, 
'Oomnctll in clepiccrcum icepum. lusiilaoio Colmain 
epipcopi Leppam, let 11 'Ciiipopi. belUim Cliac m cfuo 
cec^v■\■c Concobap di auib pTDgenci. Oelltim CCilnnn 
'oabeppac in cfiio ceciT)ic 'Diib'DaTiopp mac niupgaile. 
"Dec atiae Ceallaig cualctiTD, Ccrccd 7 CCilill, mceppecci 
pun-. Itigtilacio Tniiip5Uippa pilii (Xnluain 1 'Cuilam. 
■poip-DDbe CopctimuT)pticcD T)on T)eipp. tex Cictpain 
pilii opnpicip, 7 lex bpenT)ain pimiil, la ■pepggiip 
mac Ceallaij. ITlopp ■pepgtippa mic Colmam cticlaig 
papienoip. 

let. Ian. CCnno Domini T)CC.° ccl.° 1111.° In nocT;e 
pigntim hoppibile 7 mipabile inplim epc in pcellip. 
Popannan abbap Cltiana ipaipDT) obiio, 7 Congtip anco- 
pica Cluana cibpinne. Ctimmaene ana fDoenaig, 
abbap iamne leipe, mopicnp. bellirm int:ep nepocep 



' Ua Suanciigh. — " Descendant of 
Suanach." The "Fidhmuine . . . 
nepos Suanaich," whose "quies" is 
r(!COrded at the j'ear 756, infra. The 
' Law ' of Ua Suanaigh is again 
mentioned at the j'ear 747. 

2 Bullidoitlire The "Black [man] 

of the Dothra " (the river Dodder, co. 
Dublin). This river runs through 
part of the old territory of the Ui- 
Brirdn-Cualand. 

2 Bolgach. — See above, at the year 
G79. 

< Saighir. — Seirkieran, a parish in 
the barony of Ballj-britt, King's 
County. 

^ Again. — iceixum. This seems to 



have been the second eilortof Domnall 
[son of Mittchad, Monarch of Ireland] 
to assume the religious state. See 
above, at the year 739. But clericatus 
is sometimes applied to a " pilgri- 
mage," and does not always mean the 
state of being in priest's orderr. 

^Lessan. — Now Lissan, in the parish 
of the same name, barony of Dun- 
gannon Upper, co. Tyrone. 
' CUu. — See note ■", at a.d. 026, supra. 

' Ailen-daherrach. — The " two- 
peaked Island." Situation unknown. 
The Four Mast. (O'Don. ed.) at 
A.D. 739, write the name Ailen (gen. 
Ailiuin) da iernach (" two-gapped 
Island"). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



205 



one summer. The ' Law ' of Ua Suanaigh,^ Conchenn, 
ughter of Cellach Cualann, dies. The killing of 
ibhdoithre/ King of the Ui-Briuin. Affiath, abbot 
Magh-Bile, [dies], Translation of the relics of Trian 
Cill-Deilge ; and the ' bolgach.''' Domnall, son of 
iirchadh, begins to reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 743. The killing of Laidgnen, son of [743.] bis. 
)inennach, a bishop, abbot of Saighir.* Domnall enters 
ain'' into religion. The killing of Colman, bishop of 
issan/ by the Ui-Tuirtri. The battle of Cliu/ in Avhich 
11 Conchobar of the Ui-Fidgenti. Battle of Ailen- 
.berrach/ in which fell Dubhdadoss, son of Murgal. 
wo grandsons of Cellach Cualann/ Cathal and Ailill, 
ere slain. The killing of Muirges, son of Anluan, in 
lilan." Devastation of the Corca-Modhruadh by the 
sisi. The 'Law' of Ciaran," son of the Carpenter, and the 
jaw ' of Brendan,^" at the same time, by Fergus,^^ son of 
illach. Death of Fergus, son of Colman Cutlach, a wise 
an. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 744. A terrible and wonderful sign [744.] 
as seen in the stars at night. Forannan, abbot of 
.uain-Iraird, died ; and Conghus, anchorite of Cluain- 
brinne." Cummaene, grandson of Moenach, abbot of 
inn-leire,^° dies. A battle between the XJi-Tuirtri and 



' Cellach Cualann. — King of Lein- 
r. His obit is given above, under 
e year 714. 

Tuilan. — i 'Cuilain, A., B. Clar. 
has '• at tlie Iiill Tula aoin.'' 
le place in question ivas probably 
lilen, now known as Dulane, in tlie 
rony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

' Ciaran Founder and patron of 

onmacnoise. His obit occurs at the 
ar 548, supra. 

''Brendan. — St. Brendan of Clon- 
■t (ob. 576, supra). 

13 Fergus King of Connaught at 

; time. 



1' Cluain- Tibriniie Now known as 

Clontivrin, in the par. of Clones, co. 
Mouaghan. 

^^ Moenach^ abbot of Laim-leire. — 
The obit of a Maenach, abbot of 
Lann-Ieire, is given above at the year 
720. He was probably the same as 
tlie Moenach liere referred to. Lann- 
leire, wliich O'Donovan (Foitr Mast., 
A.D. 740, note w) would identify with 
Lynn, in the parish of the same name, 
barony of Fartullagh, co. Westmeath, 
has been proved by Dean Reeves to 
be the place now known as Dunleer, 
CO. Louth. See Todd's Cogadh 



206 



ccNNalcc nlccDli. 



Fol. 00 bb 



"Cuiiaqii 7 na hCCiiauefiu. Conjal mac Gicnis uiccop. 
puic ; 7 Cucongalc piliuf nepoai^ Cacafcos pujiciuuf 
eiiafpc; 7ceciT)efiuiTC bocccilL mac ConcoTiaip, 7 CCilill 
tiepof Cacafaij. 1 n-inif iciii -oa T)abul gefuim efc. 
TTloiif Conaill polccain fcpibae. IDofif CinnpaelaT) 
pjairicipif "Diiomo Cuilinn. TDoifif pilii nTDpejxTOispe 
abbacip rige T,a\\XQ. 

]ct. lanai^i. OCnno -00™!!!! t^cc." a;!." u.° T)opmit;acio 
Copmaicc CCco Tpuim. "Dpaconep in coelo 111 pi ptmr. 
TTlopp Oeocaill CCpDD achaiTi. Imrhoicim TDungaile 
peillae 7 TTliiipcepDaig piln Ca^ail. Conmoicne ceci- 
"DepuTiu, 7 pepsgup uicctjp euappiu. CCp .h. bpnnn in 
TieipceipT) la ■pepgup. TDopp lllaeleanpaic Cille acaix) 
'D)iommopoT;o. pngal Lippmoep. 1Tlopp't)uib7iatjaipenT) 
nepocip beccan, abb CLuaiia auip. TTIopp Oengupapitii 
"dppaici, abbacip CLuana poca, 7 Ciallqaos abbap 
^laippe iioiDe mopicup. TTIopp Secnupaig mic Colsgen 
pe^ip nepocum Cennpelaij. Sapusax) Tiomnais phac- 
paicc, ui. cimmiDi cpuciaci. 



Gaedkel re Gallaibh, Introcl.,p. xl., 
note 2, and Chron. Scot. (ed. Hen- 
nessy), page 136, note ". 

1 Airtkera. — Clar. 49 translates 
Airthera by " the East partes." See 
note under the year 7i2. 

" Congal. — His death is recorded 
under 747, infra. 

» Iids-itir-da-Dahul. — The "Island 
between two Dabals." In Clar. 49 it 
is stated that the battle was fought 
" at luis betweea the two Davuls." 
Dabhal was the ancient Irish name of 
the Kiver Ulackwater, which forms 
the boundary, for a long distance, 
between the counties of Armagh and 
Tyrone. A tributary to this river, 
called the " River Tall," which joins 
the Blackwater, after a circuitous 



course, u few miles to the north of 
Charlemont, in the county of Armagh, 
may be the second Dabhal. 

^ Conall FoUclialn " Conall of 

the fair (or beautiful) hair." 

' Druim-CulVmn. — Drumcullen, in 
the south of the barony of Eglish, 
King's County. 

° Mac-iiid-fertliaiijse This name 

would signify " Son of the CEconomus 
(or steward)." See Keeves' Adamnan, 
p. 365. 

' Tech-Taille. — See note 13, under 
the year 671, supra. 

' Ath-truim Trim, co. Meath. 

' Ard-achadh.—" High-field." Ar- 
dagh, CO. Longford. 

10 Escaped. — The Author of the 
version of these Annals in Clar. 49 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



207 



Airthera.^ Coiigal,'' son of Eicnech, was victor ; 
. Cucbongalfc, son of Ua Cathasaigh, escaped by flight ; 
. Bocliaill, son of Concliobhar, and Ailill "Ua Cathasaigli, 
■e slain. In Inis-itir-da-DabuP it was fouafht. Death 
Cona,ll Foltchain/ a scribe. Death of Cennfaeladh, 
erior of Druim-Cuilinn.^ Death of Mac-ind-ferthaigse," 
lot of Tech-Taille.'' 

[^al. Jan. A.D. 74.5. The ' falling asleep ' of Cormac 
Ath-truim." Dragons were seen in the sky. Death 
3eochall of Ard-achadh." The falling by one another 
Dungal Feille, and Muirchertach, son of Cathal. The 
imaicne were slain, and Fergus, who was vanquished, 
aped.'° A slaughter of the Ui-Briuin, of the South," by 
■gus.^° Death of Maelanfaith of Cill-achaidh of Druim- 
1." Fingalof Lis-mor [died]. Death of Dubhdabhairenn, 
cendant of Beccan, abbot of Cluain-eois. Death of 
agus, son of Tipraiti, abbot of Cluain-fota ;^' and 
dltroo-h, abbot of Glais-noide,^^ dies. Death of 
3hnasach, son of Colgu, King of the Ui-Cennselaigh. 
ofanation of Domnach-Patraicc,'" and six prisoners 
■tured." 



[745.] 



na to have quite misunderstood 
entry, for he renders Peia55U-]r' 

zay euaff "3 ^5' " ^''^''gus went 

ly conqueror." 

Ui-Brlain of the South — Probably 

Ui-Briuin-Seola, who were seated 

the present barony o£ Clare, co. 

way ; and therefore the most 

them of all the septs of the Ui- 

ain in Connaught. 

a Fergus. — This must have been 
Fergus, son of Cellach, King of 

inaught, mentioned above at the 

ir 743. 

3 Cill-achaidh of Druimfota.— 

'he church of the field of the long 

ge." Now Killeigh, in the parish 

Geashill, King's County. 



11 Chiainfota. — Now Clonfad, in 
the barony of Farbill, co. Westmealh. 

IS Glais-noide — Recte '^ Glais- 
noiden. " Glasnevin, near Dublin. 

i" Domnach-Patraicc. — Donagh- 
patrick, in the barony of Upper Kells, 
CO. Meath. See under the year 749, 
infra. 

^1 Six prisoners tortured. — ui. cim- 
miTii ciauci (for ctiucicrci), A., B. 
The entry is translated in Clar. 49, 
" The forcible entry (i^afiujati) of 
Doiiagh Patrick, and 6 prisoners 
crucified or tormented." O'Conor ren 
ders it by " Violatio Ecclesije Dun- 
patrio. Sex primariorum Midioe 
suspensi." ! 



208 



aMNCCLCC tllCCDll. 



jet. 1an. (i p, I. xu.) CCnno -Domini dcc." ccL" tii." 
all ap 747. TTlopr CCbeil abbcrcif Imleco pea. mopf 
tlliiii-ie'Dai'D minn, tiegif neporum ITIeic. Ciianan ^linne 
abbttf maigi bile moiiuiuif eyv. CCex) muinDei-is mac 
■piaicbejioais ]\6x in cuaii^ciiiu [obiio]. Secmifac mac 
Colgen ]\ex Laigen obiic. Ciicinmne fapienp obnc. 
ITItnme concuimne ceciniz;: — ■ 

Cucuimne 

lloleg fMwe CO •Dixuimne ; 
CCLLercli nralL hiai^ana 
Uoleici an cmlleca. 

CCiTDO Coincuinme iioniboi 
1iTi]\ualaiT) ve coiiid foi ; 
lloleic cailleca ha faill, 
Uoleij alaill a1^1T;■hnlbol 

Rtiman mac Colmam poeca opT;imuf 'quieuic Trioiip 
Sayxam abbaop benncaiix. OelUim Caiixn ailce la 
Uritimain, in quo ccci'dit: Caipppi mac CoiTDinaifc. 
ITIopf "Ounlainji pilii "Duncon, pegip cenuiil CCptJ-Dbail. 
mopp "ouacalain abbacip Cmpigmonai. Iiigulacio 
CCe-ba -ouiH piln CaiJail. patii^acio Comam peligiopi .1. 
HIT) Roep, 7 quiep piptiacpic abbarap T)aipinpe. ITIopf 



1 Alias 747. — Added in al. man. 
in A. 

" Imhch-Fea. — The same as the 
Imlech -Pich meutioned above at the 
year 687, where see note. 

' Magli-Blle.—Ttie plain of the hlU-^ 
or sacred tree. Now MoviUa, in the 
par. of Newtownards, co. Down. 

•' Tualscert.—" The North." This 
term was anciently applied to the 
North of Ireland in general ; but in 
later times it was used to indicate the 
northern part of the co. Antrim, with 
the country about Coleraine in Lon- 



donderry. For the limits of Tualscert^ 
see Keeves' Ecct. Antlqcf., pp. 71, 
324. 

^ King of Letnster. — The name of 
Sechnasach does not appear in the 
list of the Kings of Leinster, contained 
in the Booh of Leinster (p. 39) ; but 
his name is included among the Kings 
of Ui- Cendselaig (or South Leinster) 
in p. 40, col. 1, where he is stated to 
have reigned two years. 

° Cucuimne. — Tlie original of these 
lines, which are not in B., are added 
in the lower margin, fol. 30 6, in A. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



209 



l&l Jan, (Sund., m. 15.) A.D. 746, alias 747.' Death 
Lbel, abbot of Imlech-Fea.' Death of Muiredach M enn, 
ig of the Ui-Meith. Cuauan of Glenn, abbot of Magh- 
h,' died. Aedh Muinderg, son of Flaithbertach, King 
the Tuaiscert,^ [died]. Sechnasach, son of Colgu, 
ig of Leinster," died. Cucuimne, a wise man, died. 
3uimne's nurse sang : — 

Cucuimne" 

Read knowledge half tliroiigli ; 
The other half .... 
He ahandoned for hags. 

Well for Cucuimne, as he was, 
When it chanced that he was a sage, 
He abandoned hags. 
He read again whilst he lived. 

man,' son of Colman, the best poet, rested. Death of 
an, abbot of Bangor. The battle of Carn-Ailche'* in 
nster, in which Cairpre, son of Cudlnaisc, was . slain, 
ith of Dunlang, son of Dunchu, King of Cinel-Artgail. 
ith of Tuathalan, abbot of Cinnrighmona.'' The killing 
A.edh Dubh, son of Cathal. The rest'" of Coman the 
lis, i.e., of the Roes," and the rest of Ferdacrich, abbot 
Dairinis.'" The death of Rudgal, of the Leinstermen. 



[74G.] 



'.uman Called the "Virgilof the 

hil." 

'arn-AUclie O'Donovan sug- 

(Four Mast., A.D. 742, note I) 
this was probably the place now 
I Carnelly, near the town of 
, in the county of Clare. 
innrlglimona. —Called " Cell- 
onaig" in the Felire of Aenrjus, 
;tober 11. It was the ancient 
of St. Andrews, in Scotland. See 
I's Adamnan, p. 385, note I. 



holiest. — pauy-acio. 

'1 Rijes. — 1iiT) ifioi-p, "of the Ros,' 
Foiii- Mast. (a.d. 712). Supposed, 
but on no sufficient authority, to be 
llos-Comain, now Roscommon, in tho 
CO. Roscommon. See O'Donovan's 
ed. of the Four Mast, A.jy. 746, note i 

12 Dairinis.—' ' Oak Island." ther- 
wise called Dairinis-Maelanfaidii. 
Now known as Molaua, an island in 
the Blackwater, a few miles to tiie 
N.W. of Youghal. 



210 



aMNala ulat)!!. 



Fol. 31a 



Runjaile -di ImsnilS. Cfuiep lacobi 1 120^011110111, pfiet)i- 
ccrcoi^if maxiini rempoiie fuo. 

|ct. lanaifi. CCnno "Domini tjcc" xL" uii.° OaxiU'D 
CCficcfcaic abaiTi Tnuiccmnfe ReguiL Cfuief Cucnn 
caimb fapiencip. Mix inpolicae Tiia5iii-U'Dinif, ica tic 
pene pecopa •oeleca ptinc contip nibepnie ; \iv popcea 
inpolira picciTace muiToup exappic. TTlopp liTopeac- 
caig nepoap Coriainj pejip Cianna&e. T)opmicaT;io 
"DoTiimoc ancopicae, abbaap CLuana ipaip'DT) 7 CiLle 
•Dapo. T)ociimai papienp, muipenn pilia Ceblai^ 
Cualann, peptia Ipgalaig, mopunreup. Occippio Con- 
Saile mic G1C1115, pejip na n-aipcep, ippctic Gpclai. 
Lex aui Suanaic pop Leic Cuinn. ^101111 popbce mac 
■posepcaig, Cuan anclioipiua tilcac, mopiuiirup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCniio 1)01111111 dcc" xl." 11111.° lusulauio 
Cacupaig pilii CCilello ippaic Oeicec pegip Cptiicne. 
TTlopp bpepail mnc Col^sen, abbacip 'Pepnan'o. Coni- 
btipcio Cltiana pepra bpen-oain. Conibupcio CiUe 
moipe CCe'oaiTi pilii Oen^uppa. Oelluin aip-oe Cian- 
nachi^ae, in quo ceci'Oic OCilill inac T)tiibtiacpic, pi 
CCpDDa oa CiiiiipaelaT>, in quo cecixiiT; "Domnall mac 
CinaT)on 1 ppi-Dgum, to epc pex qui uicit; ppiup. TTlopp 



^ Jacob This entry, ■which is 

added in al. man. in A., is not in B. ; 
but it is in Clar. 49. 

~ Muclnis Riagall. — "Eiagal's Pig- 
island." The festival da}' of St. Riagal, 
who gave name to this island, is set 
down in the Calendars of Donegal 
and Aengus at October IG ; and it is 
stated that the place was in Loch- 
Deirgdeirc, now Lough-Derg, an ex- 
pansion of the Shannon between 
Portumna and Killaloe. O'Conor en- 
tirely' mis nnderstood the name Hiagail, 
which he renders by " ah alienigenis," 
as if he thought it represented the 
words iaia gatlaib, " by Foreigners." 

3 Doclimoc "Thy little Dimma." 



This name is also written Modimdc, 
" My little Uimma," 

^ Ducnmai. — "Thy Cnmai." Also 
written Mocnmai, " My Cumai.'' 
O'Conor wrongly prints Dochumai do 
cJmain, and translates "moerore," 
thinking that the Annalist intended to 
represent Dodimdc, referred to in the 
preceding entry, as having died " of 
grief "! O'Donovan falls into the 
same error. {Four Mast., Vol. I., 
p. 347, note o). 

^ Muirenn — She was the mother of 
Cinaedh, King of Ireland, whose 
death is recordedabove,at theyear 727, 

° ' Lav> ' of Ua Siianaujh — See 
above at the vear 74^ 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



211 



'est of Jacob/ descendant of Forannan, the greatest 

Lier in his time. 

1. Jan. A.D. 747. Drowning of Arascach, abbot of [747] bis. 

ais-Kiagail.'^ The rest of Cuan Cam, a wise man. 

" of unusual quantity, so that almost all the cattle of 

id were destroyed; and the world afterwards was 

ied from unusual drought. Death of Indrechtach 

ionaing. King of Cianachta. The ' falling asleep ' of 

aaoc," anchorite, abbot of Oluain-Iraird and CiU-dara. 

mai/ the Wise, Muirenn,*' daughter of Cellach 

inn, queen of Irgalach, died. The slaying of Congal 

of Eicnech, Eang of the Airthera, in Eath-escla. 

' Law ' of U"a Suanaigh" over Leth-Chuinn.'' Flann 

the,^ son of Fogartach, and Cuan, anchorite from 

eh, died. 

tl. Jan. A.D. 748. The killing of Cathasach, son of [748.] 

, King of the Cruithni," in Rath-beithech.^" Death 

resal, son of Colgu, abbot of Ferua. Burning of 

in-ferta-Brendain. Burning of CHl-mor of Aedan" the 

Df Oengus. The battle of Ard-Cianachta, in which 

', son of Dubhdacrich, King of Ard-Ua-Cinnfaelaidh, 

slain, and in which fell Domnall, son of Cinadon,^^ in 



h-dminn. — ' ' Conn's Half." The 
rn half of Ireland. 
inn Forhthe. — The death of a 
n Forbthe, son of Fogartagh," 
red under the j-ear 715 supra, 
uithni. — The Cruithni, orPicts, 
id. The Four Masters, who 
the death of Cathasach at the 
49, call him " King of Ulad." 
me occurs as one of the kings 
t province in the list contained 
Book oj Leinster (p. 41, col. 3). 
ath-heithecli.--0''DonoYim con- 
l this place to be Eathbeagh, a 
ind in the barony of Galmoy, 
Ikennr. Four Mast., a.d. 749, 
0, Bitt he was probably in 



error. The name is written Rath- 
hetha in the Book of Leinster, p. 41 , 
col. 3. 

1* Cill-mor o/Aedan. — The Martyr. 
OJ Donegal, at Aedan's daj- (Nov. 2), 
states that this church was in Ui- 
Meith-Macha, a district in the co. 
Monaghan. The name seems to be 
now represented by Kilmore, a parish 
in the barony and countyof Monaghan. 
^"Cinadon. — CiatioXforCina-Don), 
the genit. form, A., B. " Ciandon," 
Clar. 49. The Four Mast. (744) 
write the name " Cionaodo " (gen. 
form), i.e., " of Cionadh," or Cinaedh, 
which is probably more coiTect. 



212 



CCNNalCC tllCCDil. 



Coifipfii mic 1Tlu)acaT)0 Tlli'De 7 becc bciili mic Gcac, 
7 Libiii abbaui]" 1110(151 bile ; 7 uenrur masntif. 'Dimep- 
fio i:amiliae Icie. Illoiif Conaill abbacif "Come jyieme. 
Wauef 111 aepe uifcce fimv cum ftiif uipif, o|" cinn 
Cbuancc mic l^oip. 

jet. lanaiji. CC11110 "Domini "occ." ccl." ix.° Combuj'^tio 
12o15ai|i7 coiiibufT;io''OoiT)iiai5piicn:)i.ai5. niopf Suaip- 
lic epfcoip pobaiii. Cfuiep CongUT^ipo eppcoip aip-o 
ITlacae. bellum Ccrco hic inuep picuonep 7 bpicconef, 
111 cfuo ceciDic 'Ccilopssaii mac ■pepsgufpa, ppauep 
Oeiigtippa. TTIopp Ccrcccil lTlaininai§e, pejip neporum 
niaine. CCu imp Tjepepiciip. Tllopp ccui Cuipc CiUe 
■oapo. TTIopp comappaig pilii Ceallam, abbaT:ip Cille 
mope Oinip. TTIopp Coiit)iiiaipc nepocip pepg^uppo, "di 
auib piacpac. lujulacio pmcpac mic CCiLeni pepp 
TTlos-Daipne, 7 bpepail mic CCex)o poin. CCicbe pla€o 
Oengupfa. ITlopp "DuiB-oaleici abbat;ip cible 8cipe. 
ITlctc Werimaill cibbap bipop mopruup epc. niopp 
Concouaig pilii 111011115. 

let. Ian en p. CCniio T)omiiii 7)00.° l.° TTIopp "piaint) 
nepoi;ip Congaile pegip nepocum "Poilgi. Illopp 
■pepgupa pilii pogep-aig pegip -oeipcep-D bpeg. Com- 



1 Family. — The Four Mast., at 744, 
say " a great number of llie family." 

'Fohhar. — Fore, in the barony of 
Fore, CO. Westmeath ; "where there 
are some fine ruins of a monastery, 
and other ancient remains. 

^ JJomnach - ratralc. — Don.ngh- 
patrick, in the barony of Upper Kells, 
CO. Meath. See above, at year 745, 
■where a curious entry regarding 
Donaghpatricli; is given. 

* Congus. — In the list of tlie 
Comarbs, or successors, of St. Patricli 
contained in the Book of Leinster 
(p. 42, col. 3), Congus is distin- 
guished by the epithet •pcp.ibniT), or 
" scribe." See Todd's St. Patrick, 



p. 181. The Ann. Four Mast., at 
A.D. 73S, have souie Ii-ish verses 
attributed to Congus. 

' Cato. — The MSS. A. and B. 
have Cacohic ; but Clar. 49 has 
"Bellum Cato hic." Catohic may 
possibly be a. mistake for Catonic. 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 385, note m. 

•= vl«-ireis.— The " Island of Au." 
Not identified. 

' Va Ctiirc. — " Descendant (or 
grandson) of Core." This person, 
Tvliose real name is not known, is 
not found in the ordinary lists of' 
the abbots or ecclesiastics of Kil- 
dare. 

8 Cill-mor-Einir. — Or CUl-mor- 



be Einir, (he " big church of 

i-Einir." Now Kilmore, a few 

to the east of the city of 

nd.—mthe ; lit. ehb, decay, or 

stion. O'Conor inaccurately' 

rs the entry by "Atbii ducis 

isii." 

engus — Seemingly Oengus, son 

•g:i3, King of the Picts, referred 

ive at the years 728, 730, 733, 

ind 740. 

^ubhdaleithe.—The Four Mast., 

ive his obit at a-d. 745, call him 

3i!eithe " pf tlie -ivriting." H? 



was probably the compiler of the 
Tvork from which a quotation is given 
in this Chronicle at the year C28 
sujjra. 

" CiU-Scire. — Kilskeery, co.Meath. 

^^ Conf/ah — Flann descendant of 
Congal. The Flann Ua Congaile 
mentioned above at tlie year 737. 

'* Fergus. — Originally written 
Pengaile (gen. of pefisat.) in A., 
over which name uel. Peyigu-ra 
appears in the original band ; with 
which correction MS. B. agrees. 
Clar. 49, however, has " Mora 
Fergail." 



[749.] 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 213 

heat of bcattle, to wit, the king who conquered at 
;. Death of Coirpre, son of Murchadh Mide, and of 
c Baili son of Echa, and of Liber abbot of Magh-Bile ; 

great wind. Drowning of the Family^ of la. Death 
Conall, abbot of Tuaim-greine. Ships, with their 
vs, were seen in the air, over Clonmacnoise. 
:al. Jan. A.D. 749. Burning of Fobhar,'' and burn- 
of Domnacb-Patraic' Death of Suairlech, bishop of 
ihar.= The rest of Congus,* bishop of Ard-Macha. 
: battle of Cato/ in this year, between the Picts and 
ions, in which fell Talorgan son of Fergus, the brother 
Dengus. Death of Gathal of Maenmagh, King of the 
Maine. Au-inis" is deserted. Death of Da Cuirc,'' of 
-dara. Death of Comarpach son of Ceallan, abbot of 
-mor-Enir.^ Death of Cudinaisc, descendant of 
gus, of the Ui-Fiachrach. The killing of Fiachra 

of Alen, King of Moghdarna, and of Bresal son of 
h Roen. End" of the reign of Oengus." Death of 
Dhaleithe," abbot of Cill-Scirfe.^^ Mac Nemhnaill, 
ot of Birr, dies. Death of Cucothaigh son of 
inach. 

;al. Jan. A.D. 750. Death of Flann descendant of [750 
gal," King of the Ui-Failghi. Death of Fergus" 
of Fogartach, King of the South of Brega. Burn- 



211 



ccNNalcc ulcroli. 



bufcio Leraiiile Clucmct ipcciii-DT) in bccUenio. moiif 
ec-oac CiUg uomcte. 171 opr Ceb T)iilarri o 'Oaiiinnir. 
Foi. Slab, mopf Colin an net m-biiecctn mic 'Paelain, abbat;ip 
Slame, 7 bj^an mac baerbeciii nioiiictiii. moiip 
■Mua-Dai; pilii t)iiibvlei6e, abbacif Cbuana auif. TTlopp 
■ptiiafin abbacif lecnae Tni-De. moiif lllaeleimoiicaivi 
epfcoip ecx)i"i,onna. 
.b let. lanaip. CCnnoT)omini t)cc.°L° 1.° moi-if CiUeme 

■D)"ioct;i5 ancopirae lae. Carol mac "Poiamxiain abbap 
Cille -Dapo, Cummene nepof becce peligiofUf 650, 
moiTCUi funi;. tTlopp T)icolla pilii nieniTDi, abbaap 
innpe miiipe'oail, 7 mopp Conj^iippo ceci pcpibae, ab- 
banp teiu moip ITlocomec niopp 12iacna nepouip 
ITlacnuro, abbacip dona fie\-iza bpenamn. TTlop-p 
plai£bepi;ai5 pilii Conaill mmn, -pesip^enepip Coipppi. 
1nT)iiechcac mac niinpe'Daib mmn mopiT;iip. Tllopp 
■poiTDminn mic pallaig, pegip Conaile ITliip-eimne. 
TTlopp Cilleni -pilii Congaile in In. ITlopp Conaing 
nepoTTip "Dtiib-DUin, liegip Coipppi "oeubae. ITlopp 
TTlaelecuile abbacip 'Cipi "oa glap. TTlopf Opbpain 



■ '/e«/i-aM-?e.'— "half-airk." This 
means the "half of the granary," 
according to O'Donovan. {Four 
3Iast., A.D. 746). 

^ In lallenio. — ' In vellenio,' Tiyer- 
nach. The meaning is not very clear. 
Clar. 49 has "Combustio lethairle 
Cluana Iraird m Ballenio," where 
' Ballenio ' is tal^en for a man's name. 
The record possiblj' means that half 
the corn of the establishment was 
burned in the kiln. 

' Cele-Dulassi. — This name signi- 
fies the "cele" (socius) of "Dulassi," 
a yariation of the name of Molassi, 
or Molaisse, the founder and patron 
of Doimhinis, or Devenish (in Loch- 
Erne), 



'' Cluatn-eois. — Clones, co. Mon- 
aghan. 

^ Lecan-Midhe. — " Lecan of Meath." 
Now Leckin, " an old church, near 
Bunbrusna, in the bar. of Corkareo, 
CO. AVestmeath." See Four Mast., 
O'Donovan's ed., a.d. 746, note g. 

*' Eclidhruim. — *' Horse-ridge." 
Now Aughrim, in a parish of the 
same name, and barony of Kilconnell, 
CO. Galway. 

' Cillene 'droctech.' — "Cillene the 
' bridge -maker.' " Although here 
called merelj- " anchorite," Cillene 
appears to have been abbot of la, or 
lona. See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 382. 
The number 320 is added in the 
margin in A., probably to signify 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



215 



y of the ' leth-airle "■ of Cluain-Iraird ia ' ballenio.' 
iath of Echaid of Cill-toma. Death of Cele-DulassP 
Daimh-inis. Death of Colman of the Britons, son of 
elan, abbot of Slane ; and Bran, son of Baeth-bethri, 
3S. Death of Nuadu son of Dubhsleibhe, abbot of 
uain-eois.* Death of Fursu, abbot of Lecan-Midhe." 
)ath of Mael-imorchair, bishop of Echdhruim." 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 751. Death of Cillene ' droctech,''' [751] bis. 
chorite of la. Cathal, son of Forandan, abbot of Cill- 
ra, and Cummene descendant of Becc, a devout man of 
jg," died. Death of Dichuill, son of Menid, abbot of 
is-Muiredhaigh f and death of Conghus ' Caech,' scribe, 
bot of Liath-mor of Mochoemoc." Death of Fiachna, 
scendant of Macniadh, abbot of Clonfert-Brendan. 
3ath of Flaithbertach, son of Conall Menn, King of the 
nel-Coirpri. Indrechfcach, son of Muiredach Menn, 
3s. Death of Foidmenn, son of Fallach, Kingr of 
)naille Murteimhae. Death of Cillene,'^ sen of Congal, 
Hi. Death of Conang Ua Dubhduin, King of the 
)irpri of Tethbha.^^ Death of Maeltuile, abbot of Tir- 



,t this year is the 320th year from 
commencement of these Annals 

1). 

Devoutmau of Egg Yietegioyur 

0, A. iftelisioyYUTi B., which 
ts &50. The copy of the entry 
Clar. 49, though confused, is in 
eement with A. By Egg is meant 
island of Eigg, off the coast of 
erness, Scotland. See above, at 
year 616. 

Inis-Muiredhaigh. — Tnishmurray, 
ell-known island off the coast of 
barony of Carbury, co. Sligo, 
raining some remarkable remains 
;s ancient importance. 
Liath-mor of MocTioemoc. — Now 
mokevoge, in the parish of Two- 



I\lile-Borris, barony of Eliogarty, co. 
Tipperary. The obit of its founder, 
Mochoemhoc, or ' Pulcherius,' is given 
above at the year 655. 

" Cillene. — Dean Reeves thinks that 
this Cillene, son of Congal, was pro- 
bably brother to " Slebhine, son of 
Congal," abbot of lona from a.d. 752 
to 767. Adamnan, p. 385. 

12 Coirpri of Teihbha, — The terri- 
tory of this branch of the powerful 
tribe of Cinel-Coirpri, is now partly 
represented by the barony of Granard, 
in the county of Longford. Tethbha, 
sometimes written Tehhiha^ was in 
later times known as " Teffia," See 
O'Donovan's ed. of O'Dubhagain's 
Topog. Poem, note '^ 



216 



CC»1dCClCC tilccoti. 



anco]iiT:e 7 epifcopi Cltiona cpeaina. 1Tlo]ii'' UecT;a- 
bpac nepocif ^iiaipe, abbcrcii> 'Coinmae jpeine. IDopf 
T)eT)imi nepoi;if Ligani, papienap CUictncf. poipTj-obe 
bpecpi^e -DO cenml Coipppi 1 celaig piTom. poip^DDbe 
Caill]ii5e ttnps la uu bpium. 

]cb lanaip. CCnno ■Domim t)cc.° l." n." Sol rene- 
bpopiip. "Dopmiccrcio TDaccoigeT) abbanp ufp ITIoip. 
Cfinep Lticpi'D abbauip dona mic 11 Noip. tex Coluim 
cille la "Oomnall vni'De. TTlopp Cellain abbarip 
cliiana pepca bpenamn. Illopp Scannlani •DUin lec- 
glaifi. Gcait) nepof ITloinaig pecc nepocum niaccu 
llaif mopicup. ITlopp ITIobai. TTlopf pepblai mic 
■Mapgupa, papiencip. Inceppecno nepocum CCilello 
la ^peccpaigi. TTlopp Scannlaifei cluana baipenn. 
mopppuipfi Gppo mac n-eipc ITlil mop'oopala'Docuni 
cipe 1 m-baipciu iitd arnipip pactiai mic (Xeva poin pig 
lllaTij'y cpi piacla oip ina chinn, 7 .1. ungain gach 
piacail T)iB, CO pujoT) piacail "diIj, co paibi pop aluoip 
bennchaip an bliaDam pi, pcilicer anno T)omini 752. 



' Tir- da-glass This name signifies 

the " land of the two streams.'' Terry- 
glass, in the barony oJ Lower Ormond, 
CO. Tipperary. 

" Cluain-creamha. — Kow Cloon- 
craff, in the parish of the same name, 
barony and county of Roscommon. 
The name Chialn-creamha signifies 
the " Lawn (or meadow) of the 
Wild Garlic." 

8 Cluain, i.e., Clonmacnoise, in the 
King's county. 

^ BrecriffJie. — This was the name 
of n tribe situated in Magh-Brec- 
raighe, in the N.W. of the co. of 
Westmealh, adjoining the county of 
Longford, in which the Cinel-Coirpri 
were at this time located. O'Conor 
blunders most egregiously regarding 
this entry, in his ed. of these Annals. 

* Telach-Findin. — This place, the 



name of which would now be written 
Tullalinneen, or Tullyfinneen, has not 
been identified. 

® CalHghe of Lurg. — A sept of the 
Calraighe, seated in the district of 
Magh-Luirg, or Moylorg, co. Kos- 
common. 

' Domnall of Meafh — This was 
Domnall, son of Murchad, King of 
Ireland, whose accession is recorded 
above, at the year 712. He was 
probably called Domnall Mide ("Dom- 
nall of Meath "), from having been 
the first of the Meath branch of the 
Ui-Neill who became King of Ireland. 
See Booh of Leinster, p. 42, col. 1. 

8 Dun-Uthglaisi. — Downpatrick, 
CO. Down. See note ', at the year 
583, supra. 

" Ui-mic-Uais. — See note ^"j at 
-i.D. 597, sMpra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



217 



L-glas.* Death of Osbran, anchorite and bishop of 
uaia-creaxnha.^ Death of Eechtabrat, descendant of 
uaire, abbot of Tuaim-greine. Death of Dedimus, 
•andson of Ligan, sage of Chmin.'' The annihilation of 
e Brecrighe' by the Cinel-Coirpri, in Telach-Findin.' The 
inihilation of the Callrighe of Lurg," by the Ui-Briuin. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 752. A dark sun. The 'falling' asleep 
Macoiged, abbot of Lis-mor. The rest of Lucridh, 
3bot of Cluain-mic-U-Nois. The 'Law' of Colum Cille 
J Domnall of Meath.'' Death of Cellan, abbot of Clonfert- 
rendan. Deathof Scannlan of Dunlethglaisi." Echaidh, 
jscendant of Moenach, King of the Ui-mac-Uais,° dies, 
eath of Mobai. Death of Ferbla son of Nargus, a wise 
an. The killing of the TJi-Ailella^" by the Grecraighi." 
eath of Scannlach of Cluain-Bairenn.^'^ Death of Farsa 
■ Es-mac-nEirc." A whale was cast ashore in Bairche," 
I the time of Fiachna son of Aedh Roin, King of XJIad, 
hich had three teeth of gold in its head, and 50 ounces in 
ich tooth of them, and one of the teeth was taken to, and 
as on the altar of Bennchair'^ this year, to wit, A.D. 752. 



[752.] 



'" Ui-AUella. — "Descendants of 
lill." See above at the year 742, 
te. 

11 The Grecralghi. — Otherwise 
lied the " Grecraighi of Loch- 
ichet." Loch Techetwas the ancient 
me of Lough-Gara, between the 
unties of Sligo and Eoscommon. 
le territory of the Grecraighe is 
lieved to hare comprised the entire 
the present barony of Coolavin, co. 
igo, and a portion of the co. Eoscom- 
jn. See O'FIaherty's Ogygla, part 
[., cap. xlvi. 

12 Clualn-Bairenn — Mow known as 
oonburren, in the barony of Moy- 
rnan, co. Eoscommon. 

3 Es-mac-nEirc. — The " Cascade of 
e sons of Ere." Also called " Es- 
xchonna" and "Es-Ui-Fhloinn." 



Now Ijnown as Assylin, near Boyle, 
CO. Eoscommon. 

1* iJaiVcAe. — DeanEeeves has satis- 
factorily proved that this was the 
ancient name of the territory now 
forming the barony of Mourne, co, 
Down. Eccl, Antlqq.^ p. 205 sq. 
The Mourue Mountains were known 
as Benna BaircJie, the ** Peaks of 
Bairche." The Eour Masters record 
this prodigy at the year 739. But 
Fiachna son of Aedh Eoin was not 
then King of Ulad, His obit is 
given at the year 788 infra ; and as 
the Book of L&mstcr (p. 41, col. 3) 
gives the duration of Fiachna's reign 
as 38 years, he could not have been 
King of Ulad before A.D, 750. Clar. 
49 has no notice of the prodigy. 

1' Bennchatr Bangor, co. Down, 



218 



ccMMala ula'oli. 



]Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini -dcc" l.° m." Tno]ap 
plaiiiT) pilii ConcobaiiT, iiegif mai§i (Xii. Loingfec 
mac pLai^beiicaig ]iex •gene\i\\- Conaill mo)iii;ui\. 
Sleibene abbccf 1ae in llibeiimam uenic. Cftiief 
Foi. 3Ua. Cefipain Ttoimliacc. lugulaao Cinnpaelaxi nepoi;if 
Cuileni. ■poiiaTjbe ■pocapc peae -do Oppigiii. OelUim 
aiii-DT) Noifcan ince)i nepocep bpunn 7 jeniip Coiiappi, 
in quo ceciDepunu mulci. TTlopp OCbeil aco Omncce. 
Oellum inueia nepocep 'CmiTCpi inuicem. 

|Ct. lanaiji. CCnno T)omini 'dcc" l.° mi." 1Tlo)T.f 
pLaicnmt) mic "Cnii^aij, pegip nepoctim meic. Com- 
biifr;io cUiana mic Moip in xii |ct. CCppilif. ITlopp 
Pacjiac Tnap,T;aficca5e. pelcmai^ie mac Comsaill, 
Cacal mac T)iaiimai;a fapienf, "Doelguf abbap cible 
Sci^ae, mopt;iii funi;. In'Dpeccac mac T)Lucai5 pex 
nepocum TTlani, 'PLaicnia mac piamn nepoDip Congaile 
pecc nepoctim P01I51, pianjalac mac CCnmcbaxia piln 
Tnaebecupaic, abb Innpe bo pmne pop loc Ui, TTIacc 
Pi^oiicon ny cenitil Coipppi, Sneicceipc abb n-Oinnpoma, 
mopcui punc. 
.0. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini •dcc." l.° ti." Combupcio^ 

Oenncaip moep in pepia pacpicn. pepgtip mac 
CeaUaij (no 'Pochai-o jaixieips mic ITluipe-Dais) pi 
Connacc, CCilgal ancopica CUrana Copmaic, popin-oan 
epipcoptip mecuip cuipm, Oaeualbac mac Cobmain 



^ Dalm-Uacc. — "Stone-house " (or 
" church "). Duleek, co. Meath. 

^ FothaHa-Fea Tlie tribe-name of 

u sept inhabiting the district now 
represented by the barony of Forth, 
CO. Carlow. 

' Ard-Nolscan. — Ardnyskine, near 
Ardagh, co. Longford, according to 
O'Donovan; Four Mast, A.D. 749, 
note t. But the site of the battle 
may have been ArdneesJcan, in the 
barony of Tirerrill, co. Sligo. 

' Martai-tech. — This name signi- 



fies "House of relics," or "Kelic- 
house." It has not been identified. 

"Cill-Scir^. — Kilskeer, in the 
parish of the same name, baronv of 
Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

^Bangor the Crea*. -benncai|i 
moeil. The great monastery of 
Bangor in the co. of Down. 

' Fothad gai-deirff ■ i.e. " Fothad 
of the red dart " (or " spear "). — The 
original of this clause is added in the 
margin in A., in a. later hand. B. 
does not mention Cellach, but describes 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



219 



[733.] 



[734.] 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 75.3. Death o£ Fland son of Concho- 
>ar, King of Magh-Ai. Loingsech son of Flaithbertach, 
Cing of Cinel-Conaill, dies. Sleibene, abbot of la, conies 
Ireland. The rest of Cerpan of Daim-Kacc.^ The 
dlling of Cennfaeladh descendant of Culeni. The devas- 
ation of the Fotharta-Fea/ by the Osraigi. The battle 
if Ard-Noiscan," between the Ui-Briuin and the Cinel- 
^oirpri, wherein many were slain. Death of Abel of Ath- 
imna. A battle among the Ui-Tuirtri, between each other. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 754. Death of Flaithnia son of 
rnuthach, King of the TJi-Meith. Burning of Cluain-mic- 
S'ois, on the 12th of the Kalends of April, Death of 
^'iachra of Martar-tech,'' Felcmaire son of Comsfall ; 
^athal son of Diarmaid, a wise man ; Doelgus, abbot of 
^iU-Scire,'' died. Indrechtach son of Dluthach, King of 
he Ui-Maine ; Flaithnia, son of Flann Ua Congaile, 
iing of the Ui-Fai]ghi ; Fiangalach, son of Anmchad, 
on of Maelcuraich, abbot of Inis-bo-finde on Loch-Ri; 
ilac Eonchon, of the Cinel-Coirpri, and Sneithcheist 
ibbot of Nendrum, died, 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 755. Burning of Bangor the Great," [753] bis. 
m the festival of Patrick. Fergus son of Cellach (or of 
Tothadh Gai-deirg,'' son of Muiredach), King of Con- 
laught; Ailgal, anchorite" of Cluain-Cormaic f Forindan, 
lishop of Methus-tuirm,'" and Baethallach, son of Colman 



ergus as the son of Fothadh Eed- 
pear, son of Muiredach. Clar. 49 
lys " Fergus son of Cella," and 
oes not notice the alteration suggested 
1 A. The Four Mast. , at A.D.751 , give 
le obit of " Fergus, son of Ceallach, 
ling of Connaught." Fergus is also 
lUed "son of Cellach" (mac 
-el/taig) in the Booh of Leiniter, 
). 41, col. 1). He -ivas probably 
le " Fergus son of Cellach " men- 
oned at the year 743 svpra, in con - 



nection with the ' Law ' of St. Ciaran, 
and the ' Law ' of St. Brendan. 

" Anchorite. — ancoilfiica, A. 

" Cluain-Cormaic. — The " Lawn 
(or meadow) of Cormac." The Four 
Mast.., at A.D. 751, saj' that Ailgal 
was anchorite of Imlech-Fordeorach. 
But neither place has been identified. 

'" Methus-tuirm. — So in A. and B. 
"Methius-truim," Clar. 49. "Methas- 
Truira " in Four Mast. (a.d. 751). 
This place has not been identified. 



220 



CCMMalCC UlCCDtl. 



neporif Suibne, moficui func. Slosaii taijen la 
"Domnall ppi KlialL, co |iabaT)ap i maig TTItiiiaceimne. 
■Nauppasuim "Oelbiiae in fcagno Ri ejija Tiucem .1. 
T)iumafac, (. 1 . xxx. era^i, 7 ni cejana "Dib ache luclir; 
aen ecaiii). belliim ^I'^onnae magnae in cfiio genup 
Coiyippi ppoi^paT:iiiTi efc. 

]Ct. lanaip. CCnno xiomini T)CC.° l.° tii.° Cfuiep 
■piDnnnne ancopiuae Rarm, id efc neporip -Siinaic. 
e-oabbal-T) ^ex Saccontim moiaiuiip. Combupcio CiUe 
mope Diupaib o ainb Cpemramn. niopp pncon 
abbanp tipp moip. OeUnm Cmn pebpau incep 
ITlunninenpep inuicem, in quo ceci-Dio boDbgal ppmn- 
cepp niunsaipT;. "Dopmi-acio Sia-oail Ini-oe DUacail. 
Pepgup mac Con^aibe, "Comabrac pi Ciaimachra jlinne 
Foi. 31M. gaiiiiitij CiiiT)5ab ancopira, CCil-Dobup abbap muccipc, 
mopuui pinTC. 1ii5iilaT:io "Diiinn mic Ciimupcaig pi 
.n. mOpniin in "Deipceip^;. Lex Coltimbae cilLe la 
8leibene. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini "dcc." l.° ini." Miallgup 
mac boic pex na n-T)eip)-e m-bpe^, ITluipe'Dac mac 
Copmaic plana abbap LiismaiD, Cocal pi nepociim 
Cennpelaig, 'DoiTinall mac piamn Tieipjje, Glpin 
^laippe noiDe, CCef) mac Copmaic lerpi Ciannacr, 
■pi-bba-oac Cille -Deilse, moprui piinr. Celeperap (a 



1 Orel' against. — ep^a, A. B. 
The Four Mast. (751) say im a 
ccijep-na, " with their lord." 

2 Boats. — The original of this 
clause is inlerlined in af. man. in A., 
\>y waj' of gloss. B. has " xccx 
ecaiT, piaeT:e]fi unum," which sub- 
stantially agrees with the addition in 
A. 

8 Cronra-mor.— gyionnae Tnagnae, 
A. B. Clar. 49 reads Grane wagiice. 
The place has not been identified. 

* Ua Suanaigh — " Descendant (or 
nepos) of Suanach." See above at 



the years 741 and 747, where tht 
' Law ' of Ua Suanaigh " is n-en- 
tioned ; and Martgr. Donegal at May 
16. 

^ Clll-moT' dlthraibh. — See note on 
this name under the year 734 svpra. 

" Cenn-Fehrat. — " This was the 
ancient name of a part of the moun- 
tain of Sliabh Eiacb, to the south of 
Kilmallock, on the confines of the 
counties of Limerick and Cork.'' 
O'Donov. FowMast., AD. 186, note a;. 

' Between each other, — tnuicerrii 
A; B. 



A}JNALS OF ULSTER. 



2-2t. 



Ja Suibne, died. The hosting of Leinster by Domnall, 
.gainst Niall, until they were in Magh-Murtheimne. 
shipwreck of the Delbhna in Loch-Ri, over against^ 
heir leader, i.e., Diumasach (viz., 30 boats,^ and only the 
;ompany of one boat of them escaped). The battle of 
3ronn-mor,' in which the Cinel-Coirpri was overthrown. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 756. Rest of Fidhmuine, i.e., Ua [736.] 
5uanaigli,* anchorite of Rathin. -(Ethelbald, King of 
he Saxons, dies. Burning of Cill-mor-dithraibh" by 
.he Ui-Cremthainn. Death of Finnchu, abbot of Lis- 
nor. Battle of Cenn-Febrat" among the Munstermen, 
jetween each other,' in which Bodbgal, superior of 
ilungairt,^ was slain. The ' falling asleep ' of Siadhal 
)f Linn-Duachail. Fergus, son of Congal; Tomaltach, King 
)f Ciauachta of Glenn-geimhin f Cuidghal, an anchorite, 
md AUdobur, abbot of Muccert, died. The killing of 
3onn, son of Cumuscach, King of the Ui-Briuin of the 
Jouth. The ' Law ' of Colum-Cille, by Sleibene.^" 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 757. Niallghus, son of Boeth, King of [757.J 
.heDeisi-Bregh ;" Muiredach, son of Cormac-Slana,^'^ abbot 
jf Lughmadh ; Cathal, King of Ui-Cennselaigh ; Domnall, 
son of Flann Deirgge ; Elpin of Glais-Noiden ;" Aedh, son 
)f Cormac, half-king of Cianachta, and Fidhbadhach of 
Dill-deilge, died. Cele-Petair (from Crich-Bresail),^' 



' Mungalrt. — NowMungret, a few- 
miles to the S.W. of the city of 
Limerick. 

' Cianachta of Glenn- geimhin. — 
See note '' under the year G80, antl 
note •• under 691, supra. 

^'Sleibene. — Abbot of la from 752 
to 767. The 'Law,' or tribute, of 
3t. Colum-Cille is referred to agaiu 
It the year 777. 

u Beisi-Bregh The territory of 

this tribe, which was otherwise called 
Deid-Temrach (or " Deises of Tara "), 
s now represented by the baronies of 



Upper and Lower Deece, in the county 
of jSIeath. 

'^ S!ana. " Of Slane."— The Four 
Mast., Sit A.D. 753, write the word 
Slalne. (in the genit. cage). 

^^ Glals-Nulden. — Glasnevin, near 
Dublin. 

" From Crich-Bresail.— The ori- 
ginal of this clause, which is not in 
B., is added in al. man. in A. In the 
List of the comarhada, or succesiors, 
of St Patrick contained in the Book 
of Leinster (p. 42, col. 3), Cele-Petair 
is stated to have been "from Druim- 



222 



aNMCClCC UlOCDtl. 



cpich biieaipail)abbaip ai^T)T) TTl acae [obiir;]. TTlai^cu i:ilia 
maicc T)ubainj nominaTrpix CiUe -oapo, obnc. beUtim 
■Diiomaiiobais inr;ep nepocef piacpachy nepocef bpnnn, 
in quo ceciDeiiunr; 'Cavgs mac miJii"i'Dibtiii"i 7 nepocei"" 
cjiep CeUccic, Ccrciiannac, Cacmtis, CCpcbj-ian. CCiliU 
nepop "Duncoxia uicroja puir. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCiino T)omini "dcc." 1° uiii." Slogaxiac 
mac "00111130116 7)0 jenepe coipppi, Gcaixi mac Conaill 
mmn abbap ■poibpain, popT)uban lijSecaipe, "Domnall 
mac deva. lagen, Sia-oail mac tuaiu "Doccop, Goal's 
mac pacpac papienp, mopT;ui punc Oellum Gmnae 
niacae, ubi 'Dtinsal nepop Conaing 7 T)onnbo incep- 
pecui puiTC. paciia mac CCexio poin tiiccop puic. 

I]imactilai5 TDonn bo bape 

Co pap^aib a ip-ise ; 

Com-D pail m aubai buipe, 

lap cat Chtiile ci'pei 

■Cechi; bi pliab Dap eipi, 
Mo ac Tieip5i in 'Daim liac ; 
"Oollocap bi cmnn bicaau ; 
Suili caich Tiot)CiaT:. 



chetna in Ui-Bresail." Ui-Bresail, 
or Clann-Bresail, was the name of a 
tribe (and also o£ their territory) 
situated in the present barony of 
Oneilland East, in the county of 
Armagh. 

''■Abbess ■oommacnix, A., B., 

and Clar. 49. 

2 Grandsons ofCellacli. — Ih&Four 
Mast., at A.D. 753, state that the three 
persons, whose names follow in the 
entry, were sons of Fergus, son of 
Eoghallach. B ut this is incorrect, as 
their father Fergus [vid. 744, supra] 
was son of Cellach [King of Con- 
naught, oh, 704, supra'], son of 
Kaghallach [also K. of Connaught], 
whose death is entered above at the 
year 648. 



^ Dimcliadh, i.e. , Dunchadh Mursce, 
or " Dunchadh of Muirisc." See 
note ^^, under the j^ear 682, supra. 

^ Foibliran. — At the year S15 
infra, (where the name is written 
Foibrein, (genit. of Foibreii), the place 
is referred to as in the territory of 
Graicraigi (or Gregraidlii), which 
anciently comprised the present harony 
of Coolavin, co. Sligo, and a consider- 
able portion of the N.W. of the co. 
Koscoramon. 

^ EiJiain-Maclia. — Now the !N"avan 
fort, about two miles to the west of 
Armagh. For much useful information 
as to the way in which several present 
Irish topographical names, beginning 
with the letter N, are formed from 
old names beginning with vowels (as 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



223 



)t of Armagh, [died]. Marthu, daughter of MacDubhain, 
iss^ of Cill-dara, died. The battle of Druim-Robaigh, 
7een the Ui-Fiachrach and the Ui-Briuin, in which 
Tadhg, son of Muirdibur, and three grandsons 
Uellach^ — Cathrannach, Cathmugh, Artbran. Ailill, 
idson of Dunchadh/ was victor. 

al. Jan. A.D. 758. Slogadach, son of Donngal, of 
Cinel-Coirpri ; Echaidh, son of Conall Menn, abbot 
5'oibhran ;* Fordubhan Liphechaire ; Domnall, son 
^edh Lagen; Siadhail, son of Luath, doctor, and 
aidh, son of Fiachra, a wise man, died. The battle of 
lin-Macha,' in which Dungal Ua Conaing, and 
inbo,'' were slain. Fiachna,'' son of Aedh Roin, was victor. 

Not well' did Donn-bo go [on his] career 
Until he left his kingship ; 
Wherefore he is in a house of clay,^ 
After the battle of Cul-Cire."' 

Going into a sliabh afterwards, 

On abandoning the daim-liac," 

They went to the point where they are — 

The eyes of all see them. 



m from Emain), aee Joyce's Irish 
es of Places, First Keries, p. 83. 
Jonnio. — Probably the same as 
Donnbo, son of Cubreatan, by 
n CoEgal, son of Eignech, lord 
le Airthera (or Oriors) was slain 
D. 743, according to the chron- 
(' of the Four M. The killing of 
;al is entered in these Annals at 
year 747; but the name of bis 
;r is not given. The Frag, of 
\ Annals, at a.d. 722 (p. 33, sq.), 
a harrowing, and apparently 
ryphal, account of the history of 
her Donnbo. 

'^iachna Seethe note onFiachna 

of Aedh Eoin, at the year 752, 

a. 

Not well nimccc«lai5, probably 



for nima'Dutui'D ("not well did he 
go "), a form of expression not 3'et 
satisfactorily examined or explained, 
seems cognate with the forms mma- 
■p.tici'am, tiimato'Dniap,, tiimaifi[o] 
gabY'amaifi (" not well have we 

gained," " passed," " taken"). 

See Chron. Scot., a.d. 827. These 
stanzas, which are not in B., or in 
Clar. 49, are written in the lower 
margin of fol. 31 d in A., with a sign 
referring to their place in the text. 

° House of clay, i.e., a grave. 

■» Cul-Cire. — Not known. The 
name maj' possibly be onl}' a local 
name for the exact site of the battle 
of Emain-Macha. 

" Daim-liac. — The name ' Dam- 
liac,' which means •'stone-church,' 



[758.] 



224 



ccNNalcc ulcroti. 



Sifiyan tjuic a cheiyxchen chochlaic, 
CCf Tiafi 1-Difi naciiaic, 
'C'ecan ^lau bcobai iTDoqiaii), 
T)o cul f]vc in caciimg. 

T)u teicrie pfii loca Ciyine, 
liGfiim ■Dtiic 1 niiDe, 
^■\' vo lercne almle 
Pfii 5^eann lao^lacli ixije. 

Iirsulcino Reccabfi.aT; mic T»imcoii, l^e^if m 115x10)1116. 
'Oiib'Diiumman abbap 'Cuiliaiii tnopicup. CCefcof 
pluumbf. benn llluilc eppu'Diu amnem cum pifcibii)\ 
lusulario pepxiamail mic CinnpaelaTi. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 'Domnii •dcc" l.° ix.° Mix Tna^nct 
hi 1111. noiiaf pebiiuapn. Iniaipecc 12olin5 111 quo 
ceci-oeiiuni; "Ounchax) mac Carail 7 Ceicepiiac mac 
"Docaixi. TTlopp "Caipcellcccig papiencif. Occifio 
Con5alai§ mic ConcciU tiegip T)iaqiail5. TTIojip 
tnuipe'Dais iiepooiv bjiain pegif Lcc^en. pamep 7 
meff map. Tllopf CoiicoCaip nepooif "Cai-Djj ceimin ; 
7 Conaii: abbaf Liff moeia, 7 ^'^''"T'^itiail abbap aipiie 
GiToai, moiTCUi punu. bellum hit;ip muurciii Clone 7 
bipoip, imnioin cboippe blae. ConDam cluana Cuipcm 
mojiicup. 



•when not used in connexion witli any 
cslablisliment in particular, is usually 
understood as indicating " Daim- 
liac-Chianain," or Duleek, co Meath. 

1 Amongst worms. — i-Dip, naci\aic. 
Ilatyiaic is put for nticfiaig, to 
rhyme with ca^ixaij, the last word 
in the stanza. The proper form of 
the accus. plural of nacliiix (natrix), 
however, is nachifiaclia. 

'The city, i.e., the "city" of Ar- 
magh ; or probably by "the city " was 
meant Emain-Macha, or Emania, the 
ancient seat of royalty in Ulster. 

^ GUnn-rUje This was the old 

name of the valley of the Newry 



river. See Reeves' Eccl. Antirjq., 
p. 253. 

* Benn-muilt. — The " point of 
molt " {molt being the Irish for a 
" wether "; comp. Fr. mouton, old Fr. 
movlton, or multon). Clar. 49 describes 
Benn-muilt as " a mountain," but 
gives no clue as to its situation. 

' Conflict of Foling.—CldLt. 49 has 
" the Skirmish of Foling ''; but 
O'Conor, in his ed. of tliese Annals, 
renders ^^ IwAxirec Foling*^ by " Con- 
flictus cruentus." Foling was, how- 
ever, the name of a place, which has 
not been identified. This entrj' is not 
given by the Foin- Masters. 



AJfNALS OF ULSTER. 



225 



Alas ! for thee, thou hooded little black man ; 
'Tis a shame [thou should'st be] amongst worms !' 
Thy face towards thy hateful foes, 
Thy back towards the city.' 

Thy side towards the Lakes of Erne, 
(A journey thou hadst to Meath) ; 
Ajid thy other side 
Towards the angry Glenn-rige.'' 

e killing of Eechtabrat, sou of Dunchu, King of 
ighdhorna. Dubhdrumman, abbot of Tuilen, dies, 
rainy summer. Benn-muilt'' poured forth a stream 
h. fishes. The killing of Ferdamal, son of Cennfaelad. 
ial. Jan. A.D. 759. Great snow on the fourth of the P59-] bis, 
nes of February. The conflict of Foling,^ in which 
nchad son of Cathal, and Ceithernach son of Dothadh, 
re slain. Death of Taircelltach, a wise man. Murder 
Oongalach, son of Couall, King of Diathraibh." Death 
Muiredach, grandson of Bran,'' King of Leinster. 
mine, and abundance of acorns. Death of Conchobhai-, 
L of Tadhg Teimin ; and Conait,' abbot of Lis-mor, 
1 Gaimdibail, abbot of Ara-Enda," died. A battle 
rween the 'families ' of Cluain^" and Biror,^^ in Moin- 
sse-Blae.^- Condam of Cluain-Cuifthin^'' dies. 



Diathraibh. — ^The situation of this 
! (or territorj') is unknown to the 
or. The entry is not in the Ann. 
<• Mast. O'Conor blunders, as 
il, and for "Diathraibh" prints 
Mb, and translates " a latere ejus"! 
Muiredach, grandson of Bran. — 
redach (ancestor of the Ui-Muir- 
gh, the tribe name of the O'Tooles) 
the son of Murchad (ob. 726 
a"), .':on of Bran Bee (otherwise 
:d Bran Mut), whose death is 
rded above at the year 737. See 
irman*s Loca Patriclana, Geneal. 
e at p. 138. 
Conait. — This name is writte;i 



' ' Condath " by the Four Mast. (a.d. 
755). 

° Ara-Enda. — Ara of St. Enua (or 
Enda). Kow Aranmore Island, in 
Galway Bay. 

'" Chain ; i.e. Clonmacnoise. This 
entry is not given by the Four Mast., 
who persistently ignore incidents of 
this nature. 

" Biror. — Birr; or, as it is now 
generally called, Parsonstown. 

^~ Moin-Coisse-Blae This name, 

which means the " Bog at the foot of 
(or along) the [river] Bla," is now 
forgotten in the district. 

" Chain- Cuiftlun. — ITowClODguffin, 

Q 



226 aMMCClCC tllCCDll. 

Foi. 32na. |Ct. 1 ail ai p.. CCnno -Domini •DCc" lx.° TTlopf ■pinfneca 
pilii posepcail, nepoi;if Cefinaig. bellum CCco "Dumai 
mceyi Vilzu 7 nepocef ecctc, in quo ceciDiT; CC1I1II mac 
'PeiTiet.mro. bellum beluic 5at>i"iain in quo ceciTjepunT: 
"Donngcil mac Lairjnaeii, |iex nepocum Ceinnfelaij, 7 
alii Tiegef. ITloi^f Oengupa mic peiagufpa, jiegif pic- 
rojium. 

[Ct. lanaifi. CCnno T)omirii t)Cc.° lx.° 1.° Mix maj^na 
7 luna cenebiaoipa. Occifio Gucisijin epifcopi a pac- 
e|iT)oue, 1 n-'Deiacai5 Cille ■oapo. Cfuief Coiimaic 
abbacif cluana mic U Moif. Wox lucixia in auT;umno. 
Oellum Caille uui-obig ubi Uiigni piiofryiaci funt;. 
Cenel Coippiii uiccoifiiam accepic. 'Peppio mac pabpi 
fapienf, abap Compaipe Tlli'De obiio. bellum moncip 
"Cpuim. RoBapcac mac Cuanac, ppincepp Ocnae, 
mopcuup epu. 

let. lanaip,. CCnno "Domini "dcc." lx.° 11.° ITlopf 
'Domnaill mic TTlupchaTia, (mic "OiafimaTia gucBinn, 
mic Oipmea-Dais caeic, mic Conaill mic 8ui15ne mic 
Colmain moiii mic "Oiapma'Da mic ■pejijufa ceppBeoil), 
pegip "Cemopiae; in xii. ]CalenT)ap "Oecimbpip mop- 
T:uuf epc. bee laicne ab Cluana ipaip'OT), 7 ^aelcu 
Pnnglaifpi, 7 piDaiple Oa Suanaic, abb Tlacni, 
mopuui punc. IDopp ReouaiDi abb pepnann. ITIopp 



in the parish of Eatlicore, co. Meath. 
See at the year 770 injra, where the 
name is Cluain-Cnibhtin. 

' Fogartach. — See above, under 
the year 723. 

2 Atli - dunia. — " Ford cf the 
Mound." Not identiiiecl. 

' BelutGairain. — The "Pass (or 
Eoad) of Gabran." The Bally- 
gaveran of early Anglo-Norman 
documents. Now Gowran, in the co. 
Kilkenny. 

■" Oeiiffus.- -The aithhe (" ebb," or 
" decay ") of the sovereignty of an 
Oengus, sgn of Fergus, is recorded 



above at the year 749 ; and the death 
of another Oengus, sou of Fergus, 
King of Fortreun (Pictland), is 
entered at the year 833 infra. 

' A dark moon. — An eclipse of the 
moon occurred in the year 762. 

" Caill-TiiidUg The " Wood of 

Tuidbeg." O'Donovan suggests that 
this place is probablj' Kiltabeg, near 
Edgeworthstown, in the county of 
Longford. Four Masi.t a.d. 757, 
note f, and Addenda to vol. I., p. 
1192. 

' Luigni. — Clar. 49 has " Luigni of 
Connaght " [i.e. the ^ncienf; inhabit- 



[760.] 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 227 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 7G0. Death of Finsnechta, son of 
gartach/ grandson of Cernach. The battle of Ath- 
tna,= between the XJlaid and the Ui-Echach, in which 
ill, son of Feidhilmidh, was slain. The battle of Belut - 
brain," in which fell Donngal son of Ladgnen, King 
the IJi-Cennselaigh, and other Kings. Death of 
Qgus* son of Fergus, King of the Picts. 

ial. Jan. A.D. 761. Great snow, and a dark moon.^ [7Cl.] 
B killing of Eutigern, a bishop, by a priest, in the 
tory of Kildare. The ' repose ' of Cormac, abbot of 
lain-mic-U-Nois. A bright night in autumn. The 
tie of CaiU-Tuidbig," where the Luigni'' were over- 
own, and the Cinel-Coirpri obtained the victory, 
■fio, son of Fabre, a wise man, abbot of Comrair-Mide,^ 
d. The battle of Sliabh-Truim.^ Robhartach, son of 
mu, superior of Othan," died. 

laX. Jan. A.D. 762. Death of Domnall, son of l'<<^--^ 
rchad (son of Diarmaid Guthbhinn," son of Airmedach 
sch, son of Conall, son of Suibhne, son of Colman the 
iat, son of Diarmaid, son of Fergus Cerrbheoil), King 
Tara. On the 12th of the Kalends of December he 
i. Bec-Laitne,'^ abbot of Cluain-Iraird, and Faelchu 
Finnglais,^' and Fidairle TJa Suanaigh, abbot of 
hin," died. Death of Reothaide, abbot of Ferns. 



of the present barony of Leyny, 
51igo.] But the " Luigni of 
h," who gave name to the barony 
lune in the latter county, were 
ntly meant. 

omrair - Midi. — " Comrair of 
b." Now Conry, a parish in the 
y of Rathconrath, co. Wost- 
1. 

liaiA-Truim. — See note ^ under 
ear 614 supra. 

Hhan. — Otherwise called Othan- 
;. Fahan, in the present barony 
ishowen 'West, co. Donegal, I Ballycowan, King's County. 

Q 2 



" Diarmaid Guihbhinn. — Diarmaid 
"of the sweet voice.'" This clause, 
which is interlined in al. man. in A, and 
which also occurs inClar.49,isnot in B. 
'^ Bec-Laiine.—" Bee of the Latin." 
No specimens of his Latin appear to 
have survived. 

" Finnglais, i.e. the " Bright 
Stream." Now Flnglas, a village a 
little to the north of Dublin. 

"Sathin. — Otherwise called Eathin- 
Ui-Suanaigh. Now Kahan, in the 
parish of the same name, barony of 



228 



KM M alec ulccoli. 



CCTiipaT)ain abbcrcif linne t)uacail. Sol cenebpofUf 
in hofia rieiarm -oiei. ITlofiip plain n japa-o iiegif 
jeneifiif mic Gjicae. T)ucer;a Loui\i. Srfiajef Cuilnije 
maifie, iibn Connacua piiofcficrci funv. OelUim hicii^ 
. 1l . pTDgent;! 7 Coiictimpuaxi 7 cojico baifcainn. 
Opuitie xiex poiicpenn moiaiouii. Miall ppoffac 
p.ei^naifie mcipiu. 
•b. jet- lanaip. CCnno "Domini ■dcc" Ix." 111° M ice magna 

rpibuf pepe menfibuf. CfuiefRonain abbacif Cluana 
Foi. 32a5. micc U Moif. ITloiif Cofimaic mic CCileUa, abbarif 
mamifcpec Ouirci. 1nt: afcalc inojaypamef. TTIofif 
"OuibDeiljje papienuif. bellum CCp^ganiain inceii, 
pamiliam CUiana mice 11 Kloif 7 T)e|iinai5i, ubi ceci- 
Tiep.unc T)ia|imait; "oiib mac T)omnaill, 7 TDiglac mac 
"Duibliff, 7 .cc. tiipi -oe pamilia "Depmaise. bfic-pal 
mac mtll^chaT)a uiccop expreuic cum pamilia Cliiana, 
Siccirap magna tilrfia moDum. CCiliU ana 'Ounca'Da, 
|iex Connach^;, moiactitip epc. Scannlan Peiinin, mac 
CCeDsaile, moifiiuiii. Riirch pola in T;oT;a ilibefinia. 
1U5Ulai;io biiepail mic 1TluiT.chax»a. bellum 1)01111116 
pe "DonnchaD pop pipu 'Celac. ITlopp piacpac mic 



1 Duceta of Lotkra. — T)uceT:a 
tocp.1, A. B. Duceta Lothra, Clar. 
49. O'CoDor prints T>iieeca lofp,i as 
part of the preceding entry recording 
tire death of F]ann Garadh, and trans- 
lates " oocisi a Lothriensibus," which 
is surely wrong. Duceta is not men- 
tioned by Tigernach or the F. M. 
Lothra is now known as Lorrha, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Ormond, and county of Tip- 
perary. 

' Fortrenn. — Pictland, in Scotland. 
See note ^ under the year 663 siij>ra. 

^ Niall Fi-ossach.'-'-' maW of the 
Showers." O'FIaherty Latinizes 
Frossach " Nimbosus." Ogygia, p. 
433. See under the next j-ear. 

* Of Clonmacnoise — CUtana nicit- 



tioip A. Ctuana m noip, B. 
Cluaua mi= Nois, Clar. 49. The Irish 
form of the name of Clonmacnoise is 
variously written Chialn-mic- U-Nois 
(the " meadow of the son of Nois's 
descendant "), and Clua'm-mic-Nois 
(the ' ' meadow of the son of Nois ") ; 
and it is difficult to say which is the 
more correct form, as the etymology 
of the name, which is sometimes 
found written Cluain-muc-Nois (the 
" meadow of Nois's pigs "), is uncer- 
tain. 

° Manistir-Bultl Xow Monaster- 

boice, in the co. Lonth ; a few miles 
to the N. W. of Drogheda. 

" Famine. — Probably a return, or 
continuation, of the famine mentioned 
above at the year 759. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



229 



th of Anfadan, abbot of Linn-Duachail. A darkened 

at the third hour of the day. Death of Flann Garadh, 

g of Cinel-Mic-Erca. Duceta of Lothra' [died]. The 

ghter of Cuilnech-mor, where the Connaughtmen 

e overthrown. A battle between the Ui-Fidgenti, 

the Corcumruadh and Corco-Baiscinn. Bruide, King 

i'ortrenn,^ dies. Niall Frossach'* begins to reign. 

-al. Jan. A.D. 763. Great snow for nearly three [7C3.] bis. 

iths. Repose of Ronan, abbot of Clonmacnoise.* Death of 

mac, son of AiliU, abbot of Manistir-Buiti." The great 

city and famine." Death of Dubhdeilge the Wise. 

battle of Argaman, between the ' family ' of Clon- 
noise' and [the ' family ' of ] Dermagh,' wherein** fell 
rmait Dubh, son of Domnall, and Dighlach, son of 
)hliss, and 200 men of the family of Dermagh.' Bresal, 

of Murchad, remained victor, with the family of 
ain." Great drought beyond measure. AiliU, grand- 
of Dunchad,'" King of Connaught, died. Scannlan of 
nin, son of Aedhgal, dies. The bloody -ilux" in aU Ire- 
1. The killing of BresaV^ son of Murchadh. The battle 
)un-bilfe,^^ by Donnchad, over the Fera-Tulach.^* Death 



Armagh. — Otherwise written 
nagh, Durrow, ia the barony of 
coTvan, King's County. For an 
nt of the foundation of the 
stery of Uurrow, by St. Colum- 

see Keeves' Adamnan^ p. 23, 
5. This entry, lilie others of the 

kind, has been intentionally 
ed by the Four Masters, 
'herein. — iiibi, A. The words 
I bene " are added in the margin 

luain, i.e., Clonmacnoise. 
)unchad, i.e., Dunchad Mursce 
S2 supra). AiliU was the son of 
chtach, son of Dunchad Mursce. 
O'Donovan's Hy-Fiachrach, 
il. Table, facing p. 476. 
'loodtjflux, — p.mi;h pota. Clar. 



49 has "A runinge flood of blood in 
whole Ireland." This seems to he the 
first mention of the prevalence of the 
bloody flux, or true dysentery, in 
Ireland. 

^^ Bresal. — Apparently the Bresal 
referred to a few lines before, as 
engaged in the fight between the 
'families' of Clonmacnoise and-Dur- 
row. 

^^ Dun-UU. — This place, Ihe name 
of which signifies the " Fort of the 
ancient tree," and which was evidently 
in the present co. Westmeath, has not 
been identified. 

^i Fera-Tulacli. Or Fir-Tulach.— 
The tribe-name of a people who occu- 
pied the district now represented by the 
barony of Fartullagh, co, Westmeath- 



230 



ccNMalcc ularoli. 



■pouaiT) abba^if bafbce. ITluiica'D mac Intiechcaig 
{sic). 'Cp.i pyiofa -do i:ei-i€ain i ciaich 1mul1^6T)al5 i n-iTiiip 
6u5ain .1. pi^opr -oaiisuT: 51I, 7 pviofDo cyiui^niuchc, 7 
piaoip DO mil. 

"Cfi! -pfiofa aip-T) tlilmne, 
CCyi 5ixaT) tleill Tio mm ; 
Plioi" al^5a1T;, -pfioy" cuifiinne, 
Ocuf ffioip TtO TinL 

TDac peiigail ba ):eiiamail, 
Oc laechiaait) a 5a1l^m ; 
O -puaip, each v\a lenaiimin, 
■Miall ipifiofach a arum. 

Cec n-5)all af cac oeti coicet) 
Ro tobaig llmll nf ; 
■Robo c)aoT)a in '[ae\\ baeTjet) 
CC cobacli Tpociaf. 

\Cl. lanaifi. CCnno "oomini "dcc." Ix." 1111.° 1n nocce 
fignum hojajiibile 7 miyiabile in fcellii'' uifum eft;. 
TYIopf piait:be|icai5 mic toingfic, fiegip "Cemofiie, m 
clepicacti. Cfuief "Colai mpT) bpecain. lugulcrcio 
Suibne mic tTlu]ico-Da, cum 'Duobup pliif finp. 



1 Baslec. — Baslick, barony of Cas- 
tlereagh, co. Eoscommon. 

2 Three showers. — This is possibly' 
an amplification of the entry above 
given, at the year 717, of the falling 
of two showers (one of honey, and one 
of blood), in celebration, as the storj- 
goes, of the birth of Niall Frossach 
in that year. The record of the 
accession of Niall Frossach to the 
monarchy of Ireland is the last 
entry under the year 762 ; wherefore 
it would appear that the prodigy 
above mentioned was regarded by the 



Annalist as signalizing Niall's eleva- 
tion to the throne. In the Book of 
Lelnsier (p. 25, col. 2), the three 
showers are merely stated to have 
fallen in the reign of Niall (mna 
plccic). But at p. 274 % the same 
MS. contains the statement that the 
" shrines and precious things " of the 
saints of Ireland were covered with 
the silver which fell. These showers 
may really have been only some phe.. 
nomena, likeshowersof shooting stars. 
8 Ard- Uilinne. — Not identified. 
The original of these stanzas, which 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



231 



'iachra, son of Fothad, abbot of Baslec' Murchad, 
if Innrechtach, [died]. Three showers' were shed in 
ti-Muiredaigh in Inis-Eogain, viz. : — a shower of white 
r, a shower of wheat, and a shower of honey. 

The three showers of Ard-Uilimie' 
Froni Heaven for love of Niall [fell] : 
A shower of silver, a shower of wheat, 
And a shower of honey. 

Fergal's son was manly ; 
"With heroes was his calling ; 
Sin.ce he found all to follow him — ■ 
Niall Frosach his name. 

A hundred pledges from each Province 
The hero Niall exacted. 
Brave was the noble, who boasted 
That he had thrice exacted them. 

al. Jan. a.d. 76 -t. In the night a terrible and 
derful sign^ was observed in the stars. Death of 
thbertach son of Loingsech, King of Tara, in the 
ious state.' The repose of Tola of Ard-Brecain. 
killing of Suibhne son of Murchadh, with his two 
, The battle of Carn-Fiachach"' between two sons 



[7C4.] 



)t in B., is written in the top 
a of fol. 32 "^ in A., with a mark 
ting the place in the text where 
night be introduced. 
gn. — A similar prodigy is re- 
l above at the year 744. 
liffious state — The Four Mast. ^ 
incorrectly give the obit of 
bertach at the year 729 of 
•eckoning (= 734), and enter it 
at A.D. 760 (=765), say that 
;d in Armagh. At the year 
he F. 31., instead of giving 
eath of Flaithbertach, should 



have recorded his retirement from 
the kingship, and entrance into the 
religions state, in which he continued 
until his death. See Flaherty's 
Offi/ffia, p. 433. 

° Carn-Fiachacli. —The " Carn (or 
monumental heap) of Fiacha," This 
Fiacha, who was son of Niall Nine- 
hostager, was ancestor of the tribe 
called Cinel-Fiachach, whose territory 
lay in the S. of the present co. of 
Westmeath. Carn-Fiachach, now 
called Carn, is situated in the barony 
of Moycashel in the said county. 



232 



aNwalcc uloroti. 



bellum caip.!! piacac incei;! -ouof piliof "DomnaiU, 
I'D ey-c, "Oonnchax) y Vn\i]ichav. pallomon la "Donnchax), 
CCiI-Sal la TTlutichaT). 1n bello cecToit; ITluiichaT); 
CCilgal in pugam uepfUf efv. polaccac abbaf bipop, 
tnoiTCUUf efc. ioaiann abbaf Clona ijfiaifiT) quieuit;. 
Cellbil cluana bjaonaig [obiiT;]. "Oepeccio panif. 

}ci. lanaifi. (Xnno 7)01111111 7)cc.° Ice." «." 'DoiimiT^acio 
C)iauTnT;ain abbaT:if Cluana peyica. lugulacio 'PoUa- 
niain mic ConconjalT;, txegif TUtdi, nolofe. bellum 
Sjiucifiae ici^i .M. b^MUin 7 Conmaicniu, ubi plui[iimi 
ceciTi6]fiunc x)i Conmaicni15, 7 OCett "oub mac 'Coiclic 
ceci'Dic. "Oubmnpecc mac Cacailuiccoififiuic. bellum 
icip ITli'Di 7 bpegu, ubi ceciDeyiunt; TTlaelumai mac 
"Couail 7 'Donngal mac "Dopeic. TTlopf Cepnaig mic 
Foi. 326a. Carail 7 Cepnaig mic piainn. Suibne abbaf lae in 
hibefniam uenit;. 

]ct. lanaif. CCnno "oomini -dcc." Ix." ui°. Conbfann 
abbaf Cille acix) mofuuuf efc. lugulaz^io tnuiica'Da 
mic piaiubepDais figh ceniul ConaiU. piDbaTjac 
abbaf benncaif quieuic. "DubT)ainbef mac Copmaic 
abbaf mamifcfiec buici. Cfuief Sleibem 1ae. THac 
in-D faep, abbaf Bnaic "DUib [obnc]. ^'-ccimDibuf. abbaf 
lacpaig bfiuin paufac. Celiac mac Coifpfi pilii 



I Domnall; i.e. Domnall soa of 
Murchad, king of Ireland, whose obit 
is entered above at the year 762. 

' Botmchad. — He became king of 
Ireland in the year 770. 

' Falloman The entry of this 

battle in Ann. Four Mast., at a.d. 
760, differs somewhat from the fore- 
going entry. The F. M. represent 
Falloman as having been slain htj 
Donnchad, in place of having assisted 
Donnchad. The death of ' Kollamhan ' 
is the second entry under the next 
year in these Annals. 

* Cluain-Bronaigh. — The " Lawn 
(or Meadow) of Bronach." jSTow 



Clonbroney, near Granard, in the - 
county of Longford. 

^ Failure, — Depeccio, A. Tjepec- 
cuf, B. 

' Cluain-ferta ; i.e. Cluain-ferta- 
Brenainn (Clonfert-Brendan) ; Clon- 
fert, in the barony of Longford, co. 
Galway. 

' Follamhan. — This name is written 
Falloman in an entry under the pre- 
ceding year, where see note. 

' Sruthair. — O'Donovan identifies 
this place with Shrule, or Abbey- 
shrule, in the barony of Shrule, co. 
Longford. Foiir Mast., a.d. 761, 
note 10. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEB. 



233 



'omnall,^ to wit, Donnchad' and Murchad. Falloman'' 
with Donnchad; Ailgal with Murchad. Murchad 
slaia in the battle, Ailgal was put to flight, 
ichtach, abbot of Birr, died. Loarn, abbot of Cluain- 
rd, rested. Cellbil of Cluain-Bronaigh,^ [diedj. 
lure^ of bread. 

[al. Jan. A.D. 765. The 'falling asleep' of Cremthan, 
lot of Cluain-ferta." The killing of Follamhan,'' son 
Cucongalt, king of Meath, treacherously. The battle 
Sruthair,^ between the Ui-Briuin and the Conmaicni, 
ere great numbers of the Conmaicni fell, and Aedh 
bh, son of Toichlech, was slain. Dubhinnrecht," son 
Cathal, was the victor. A battle between the men 
Meath and the Brega, where Maelumha son of Tothal, 
1 Donngal son of Doreith, were slain. Death of 
mach son of Cathal, and of Cernach son of Flann. 
ibhne, abbot of la, comes to Ireland. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 766. Conbrann," abbot of Cill-achaidh," 
;d. The killing of Murchad, son of Flaithbertach, 
ng of Cinel-ConaiU. Fidbadach, abbot of Bennchair,^^ 
ited. Dubhdainbher son of Cormac, abbot of Manistir- 
liti," [died]. The repose of Sleibene" of la. Mac-ind- 
ir,^° abbot of Enach-dubh,^" [died]. Glaindibur, abbot 
Lathrach-Briuin," rests. Cellach, son of Coirpri, 



[765.] 



[7GG.] 



' DtibMnnrecht. — The name is writ- 

" Dubhindreachtach " by the 

ur Mast. (a.d. 761). The obit of 

ibhinDrecht appears under the year 

r. 

!» Conhrann. — The name of this 
ilesiastic is written " Cubran " in 
s Ann. Four Hast., at a.d. 762. 
le genit. form of " Cubran " is 
jonbran." 

11 Cill-achaidk.— The " Church of 
e Field." Now KiUeigh, in the 
rony of Geashill, King's County. 

12 Bennchair. — Bangor,in the county 
Down. 



^^ Manistir-Buitl. — The "Monastery 
of Buite " (ob. 518, supra). Now 
Monasterboice, co. Louth. According 
to the Ann. Four Hast. (a.d. 7G2), 
Dubhdainbher was drowned in the 
river Boyne. 

1* Sleibene. — Abbot of la (or Zona) 
from A.D. 752 to 767. He is men- 
tioned at the years 753 and_756 supra. 

1^ Mac-ind-sair. — " Son of the 
Carpenter." 

^^ Enach-duhh. — Annaduff, in the 
parish of the same name, co. Leitrim. 

" Latlirach-Brhdn. — Laraghbryan, 
near Maynooth, co Kildare. 



234 



OCNNCClCC UlaT)t1. 



■pogefinm^ a laqaone lugulacuf epc. piacsuf mac 
Pacpac mic Cacail lugulcrcuf efc "oolofe. Lex 
Pcrcyiicii. 
•^- |Ct. lanai]!. (Xnno Domini ■dcc." Ix." ini.° "Dubinn- 

jiechc mac Cacail, ^lex Connacr, moficuu)"' epc .1. a 
■pluxu Tpansuinif. 'goiimgal mac (Xilello mopcuuf e^c. 
CCiDain abbaf bf moi^, hllae 1Tliannai§ abbap fpuici 
CUiana mic Woif, moprm -ptinc. ■peji'oaopic mac 
Suibne abbap aip'OT) 'niacae quieuic. eictie ingen 
biiepailbpes, fiesina pegum 'CeiTiofiiae, pegnum celepce 
aT)ipipci mepuic pope poenicenuiam. CoibTjenac abbap 
cille 'Comae paupat:. bellum 1 'Poptrpinn inp OCc'd 
7 Cinaet*. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omiiii -dcc" lx.° uiii." Copcpa'o 
^z)x^ Oppaigi inuicem, ubi piln Ceallaig pibi paelcaij^ 
in pugam ueppi punu. Coimpnama uiccop, euappic. 
bellum ■pepnaiTO, 111 quo cecixnc "Dubcalsgai-o mac 
lai-DSjnen. Cennpelaig uiccop puiu. Cfuiep TTlupsaile 
mic Miri'De'DO abbacip Recfiainne. Gncopac huae 
"DoaDain, abbap ^Imne -oa loca, mopcuup eye. Lonstip 
Coip.ppi mic ■pogepraig pe Ti-T)onncha-o. 'Ceppemoctip 7 
pamep, 7 mopbup leppaemuluopinuapic. hCCbuntjaticia 



' The ^Laio' of Patrick:. — Regard- 
ing the nature of this ' Law,' or 
sj'stem of collecting tribute, see Dean 
Keeves' observations, CoUon's Visita- 
tion^ Pref., p, ill., sq. 

^ Dubhinnrecht.— Mentioned above 
at the year 765. 

•" Aedan. — -Written CCi'oain in A. 
and 13., and "Aoan'' in Clar. 49. 
The Four Mast, at a.d. 763, have 
CCexiati, ■which seems more correct. 
The form CCi'oain in the text is the 
genit. of CCroan, or CCe-oan. 

* Ua Miannaigh, j.e., a "descendant 
(or grandson) of Miannach." The 
Four Mast, (at a.d. 763) have 1:011,- 
gta ppwce (the " majority of the 



sruithe," or " religious seniors," as 
O'Donovan translates). But this is 
surely wrong. In note g, appended 
to lliis entry in the Four Mast, by 
O'Donovan, he states that Clar. 49 
(ad. an. 767) has " Lyne sapiens 
Cluana-mic-Nois " ; whereas this 

latter authority has really " Hue (for 
Ua) abbas et sapiens," the name 

Miannlagh being omitted after Ua. 
^ Suihhne. — This is the Suibhne, 

bishop of Armagh, mentioned above 

at the years 718 and 729. 
« Of A-m^-s.— fvesum, A. B. "Of 

the kings," Clar. 49. "The Four 

Masters (a.d. 763) say ben fli 'Ceni- 

lT,ac; which O'Donovan renders "wife 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



235 



)£ Fogartacli, was slain by a robber. Flathgus, 
if Fiachra, son of Cathal, was treacherously slain. 
Law ' of Patrick.^ 

1 Jan. A.D. 767. Dnbhiunrecht,^ son of Cathal, [767.] bis. 
of Connaught, died, i.e., from 'bloody flux.' Gormgal, 
of Ailill, died. Aedan," abbot of Lis-mor, Ua 
naigh,* the most learned abbot of Clonmacnoise, 
Ferdacrich, son of Suibhne,' abbot of Armagh, 
i. Eithne, daughter of Bresal Bregh, the queen of 
3" of Tara, deserved to obtain the heavenly king- 
after penance. Coibdenach, abbot of Cill-Toma, 
A battle in Fortrenn,' between Aedh and Cinaedh. 
il. Jan. A,T>. 708. A destructive fight' among the [7C8.] 
Lghi themselves, where the sons of Cellach, son of 
3har, were put to flight. Toimsnamha escaped 
irious. The battle of Ferna," in which fell Dubhcal- 
1, son of Ladgnen. Cennsslach'" was victor. Repose of 
yal, son of Nindidh, abbot of Eechra." Encorach 
!)odain, abbot of Glenn-da-locha, died. The banish- 
t of Coirpre, son of Fogartach, by Donnchad.^'^ An 
iquake, and a famine ; and a leprous disease attacked 



! King of Teamhair [Tara]." 
lithne may have been the wife 
re than one King of Tara. 
virenn. — ■ For Fortrenn, a 
for the country of the Scotch 
see note ^, under the year 
supra. The Four Mast, (at 
63) Imply that this Fortrenn 
1 Leinster ; which seems doubt- 
Skene quotes the entry (Chron. 
and Scots, p. 358), as an inci- 
1 Scotch history; but it does not 
, from Skene's quotation, that 
jne of the battle was in Scotland. 
•,structiveJight.—Co'^cxia.i>. The 
Mast, (at the year 764) use the 
iomaifiecc, which means "con- 



' Ferna. — Ferns, co. Wexford. 

'" Cennselach. — Centiretaij (for 
" Ui-Cennselaigh,'' the tribe-name 
of the people of South Leinster), A., 
B. Clar. 49 has Cinnselach. The 
death uf Cennselach, son of Bran (the 
person meant, no doubt, in the fore- 
going entry) is recorded among the 
events of the next year. 

11 RecJira. — Dean Eeeves thinks 
that Rathlin, off the coast of Antrim, 
was meant {Eccl. Antlqq., p. 249). 
But Lambay Island, off the east coast 
of Dublin county, also called Rechra, 
may have been intended. 

" Bonnchad. — King of Ireland at 
the time. 



23G CCNNCCla UlCCDtl. 

■Daiifimefa. Commanenaig T)ave, Concobujx mac Cumaf- 
caic |iex CCixine, mopT:ui -punc. 
Foi. 32». ]ct. lanaiii. OCnno T)omiiii ticc." lx.° loc." Maiisal 
mac KlacfUiaig moifictnif eft; a pUixu fati5Uiniy\ 
'Coimfnama mac 'Plainn, p,ex Ofpaigi, lu^ulacuf efc. 
CCticgal, abbaf Clocaiia mac "Doimeni, mojicuuf eye. 
bellum mvexi Lagenenfef intiicem pop ac 0)ic, ubi 
Ceallac mac 'Dtincha'Da uiccop puic, 7 ceci'Depunc 
Cmaex) piliuf piamn 7 p)T,aT:eiT. eiup Ceallac, 7 Cacnio 
mac becce, 7 cecejai mul7;i. piaciaai ^panaiint;, ■peyip.gil 
CiUe moiie eniii, peiisuf epipcopup piliup Cacail, 
mopT;ui punt:. polact;ach cije "Cuae, abbap CLona 
mace U 'Noip, mopcuup epc. bellum intrep nepot;ep 
Cennpelai§, ubi ceciDit; Cennpelach mac bpain, 7 
et:ippcel mac CCetia piln Colgsen uiccop puit:. Con- 
Speppio euip "Donncliat) mac 1)omnaill 7 Celiac mac 
n-T)OTinchaT)a, 7 exiit;T)onnchax) cum exepcicu nepocum 
■Neill cu Lai^niu, 7 eppugepunt; eum Lasinenpep, 7 
exiepunt; 1 Sciaig 'Nectiin ; 7 manpepunt: hui Weill . un . 
■Diebup 1 paic OClinne, 7 acceriDepunt; 15111 omnep 
t:epminop ta^inencium. Copcpa-o builgg boiniie pop 
pipu "Deipceipt) bpej, ubi ceciDepunt; ■piait;bept;ac mac 
piamn pilii Rogellnig, 7 Uapcpi-oe mac baic, 7 

^Acorns. — •oailimepa, genit. of I ^ Granairet. — Granard, in the co. 
■oailimep, "oak fruit." Longford. 



"^ EiMch-Dathe. — This place has not 
teen identified. 

^ Toimsiiamha. — Or T^caimsnama, 
See Shearman's Ossorlan Genealogy, 
Part I. {Loca Fatneiana, p. 264). 

* Clocluir-mac-Doimheni. — Clogher, 
in the county of Tyrone. 

Mi/i-Orc— The "Ford of Ore." 
Kot identified. It was probably the 
name of some ford on the Liffey, or 
Barrow. 

° Cellach. — King of Leinster, and 
son of Dunchad, whose death is re- 
corded above at the year 727. 



' CiU-mor-Bim: — Now Kilmore, in 
the parish of the same name, barony 
of Oneilland West, co. Armagh. 

^ Tech-Tua The "House of St. 

Tua." Now Taghadoe, in the par. 
of the same name, barony of North 
Salt, CO. Kildare. 

"• Cennselach. — See note l", under 
the preceding j'ear. 

" Donnchad. — King of Ireland at 
this time. 

'^ Cellach, — King of Leinster. See 
note ". 

'^ Sciach - Ne-chtin. — " Nechtan's 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



237 



y. Abundance of acorns.^ Comman of Enach-Dathe,^ 
3hobar son of Cumascacli, King of Aidhne, died, 
al. Jan. A.D. 769. Nargal, son of Natsluagh, died 
be ' bloody flux.' Toimsnamha," son of Flann, King 
>ssory, was slain. Ai-tgal, abbot of Clochar-mac- 
nheni/ died, A battle between the Leinstermen 
Qselves, at Atb-Orc,^ where Cellach" son of Dunchad 
victor; and where Cinaedh son of Flann, and his 
her Cellach, and Cathnio son of Becc, and a great 
y others, were slain. Fiachra of Granairet,'' Fergil 
!)ill-mor-Enir,° Fergus son of Cathal, a bishop, died, 
ichtach of Tech-Tua," abbot of Clonmacnoise, died, 
tattle among the Ui-Cennselaigh, in which Cenn- 
sh'" son of Bran was slain, and Etirscel, son of Aedh, 
of Colgu, was victor. An encounter between Denn- 
is son of Domnall, and Cellach^- son of Donnchad ; 
Donnchad proceeded to Leinster with the army of 
TJi-Neill. And the Leinstermen eluded him, and 
it to Sciach-Nechtin.'" And the Ui-NeiU remained 
ill days in "Rath-AIinne," and burned all the borders 
he Leinstermen with fire. The slaughter^' of Bolg- 
me against the men of South Brega, in which fell 
.thbertach, son of Flann, son of Kogellnach,"^ and 
■cridhe son of Baeth, and Snedgus son of Ainftech," 



[769.] 



." The Four Mast. (a.d. 766) 
the name -j^ciat lleaccain, 
li O'Donovan correctly translates 
ichtain's Shield (note h, ad an.'). 
^ciachNechtin seems more correct. 
Eath-Alinne. - - The '• Rath of 
1." Now the hill of Knockaulin, 
e parish of KilcuUen, co. Kildare. 
Slaughter. — cofCjaax). Clar. 49 
"one sett," for "onset," and 
novau (F. M. 765) translates 
^ai "battle." But cofcrtttT) 
Bes more than a battle. See 
movan's Suppl. to O'Eeilly, v. 
ftOT). The so-called translitor 



of these Annals, however, in the 5IS. 
Clar. 49, renders the word by " skir- 
mish.'' 

1" Son of Sosellnach.—The F. M. 
(at 765) have mic Uogatlaij, " son 
of Eoghallach," which is probably 
correct, although the name is written 
■Rogetttiaic, in the genit. case (nom. 
■Rosell/nac), in these Annals at the 
year 721 supra. 

^T Son of Ainftech. — mac CCinpcij 
(for mac CCinbcij, " son of Ainbh- 
tech," in A). The form in B. would 
represent mac CCinpifiiciS, "son of 
Aufritech," which would be incorrect. 



238 



CCMNCClCC UlCCOll. 



Fol. 33aa. 



SneTOpf mac CCinpctl, 7 Cerinac mac piainn poi|ibre. 
Cofcjia'D ara Clia€ fiia Ciannachc pofi hll "Ceij. CCp 
mop "Di Lai^niB. Uobbaxia-D -pochaiT)! tdi ciannacht; 
ilLan mo^-ia oc T;innT;uT). 'goyimman ingen piamn mic 
(leva moixcua eyv. Cyinnnmael epifcopuf, abbap CiUe 
mop-e einip, qiiieiiiT;. mopf Conmaic mic bpenxiain, 
abbarif CUiana Tiocht"ie. TTIael'Diiin mac "Duibitinpechc 
iHhUUrcuf eyv. TTlofif hui becce abbacif pobaip. 

let. lanaiti. CCnno -Domim -dcc." locx." TTlopf pLainn 
hui T)ocuae, abbaaf iiitifi cam "De^a. CCe-o^en pobaip 
obiic. Oecc mac Conlai, pi 'Cecbae, moiii;uuf eyv. 
Coipppi mac ■pojeprais, peac bpeg, moiacuof efz. 
■popbafac nepof Cepnaig, abbap Cluana mic U Noip 
[obiit;]. Oenguf mac 'Posepcaig, pi ceniuil loegaipe, 
pubica mopce pepnc. Ca-cal mac ConaiU minn, pi 
Coipppi moip, T)un5alach mac 'Caiclic, -oux t-uijne, 
mopcui punc Coblaicingm Cacail, -oominacpix Cluana 
cui^rin obiiT;. (XUcellac ceLca OlanT), 7 CCiclec buae 
CiiTopiaec, obiepunu. Slojaxi ipin pocla la 'Donncba'D. 

fCt. lanaip. CCnno "Domini "dcc." Ixx." 1.° TDopp 
CCiple-DO Cluana ipaipu lugulaao Concobaip .h. 
maeleDUin. Slosa-o "OonnchaTia co cnocc m-bane. 



1 Flann Foirbthe. — His obit is 
entered above at the year 715, at 
■which date Clar. 49 calls him " Old 
Flann ra" Fogarta." 

2 Ath-cliath. — Dublin. 

^ Cianachta. — The Four Mast. 
(a.d. 765) say " Cianacbta-Bregh"; 
a sept descended from Cian (n quo 
"Cianachta"), son of Oilill Oluim, 
King of Munster, ^vhose territory 
seems to have comprised the present 
town of Duleek, co. Meath,andalarge 
portion of the surrounding country. 

* The full tide "In a sea tide," 

Clar. 49. The situation of the place 
where this drowning occurred is left 
to conjecture. But it was probably 
in the tidal part of the river Liffey, 



across which the Cianachte, in their 
return home, would probably have 
had to pass. 

^ Cill-mor- Einlr.—StBiaot&*,^. 2ofi. 

^ Cluain - Dockre. — " Cluain- 
Tochne,'' in the Fow Mast, (a.d. 
765). The Chron. Scot, and Ann. 
Fow Mast, (at A.D. 977) mention a 
" CIuain-Deochra,'' which is stated 
in O'Clcry'3 Irish Calendar, at 11th 
January, to have been in the co. 
Longford, although Archdall (Monast. 
nib., p. 708) identifies it with Clon- 
rane, in the bar. of Moycashel, co. 
■Westineath. It may be the place 
now called Cloondara, in the parish 
ot Killashee, bar. anl county of Long- 
ford. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



230 



Dernacli son of Flann Foirbthe.^ The massacre of 
iliath/ by the Cianachta, against the Ui-Teig. A 
slaughter of the Leinstermen ; and numbers of the 
ichta/ were drowned in the full tide* when returning, 
lan, daughter of Flann, son of Aedh, died. Crunnmael, 
hop, abbot of Cill-mor-Einir,* rested. Death of 
lach, son of Brendan, abbot of Cluain-dochre.° 
duin, son of Dubhinnrecht, was slain. Death of 
>ecce, abbot of Fobhar.' 

il. Jan. A.D. 770. Death of Flann Ua Dachua, [770-1 
t of Inis-cain-Degha.^ Aedgen of Fobhar' died. Becc, 
of Conla, King of Tethba, died. Coirpri, son of 
,rtach, King of Bregh, died. Forbasach Ua Cernaigh, 
t of Clonmacnoise, [died]. Oengus, son of Fogartach,^ 
; of the Cinel-Loeghaire, died suddenly. Cathal, son 
onall Menu, King of Coirpri-mor," [and] Dungalach, 
of Taichlech, chief of Luighne, died. Coblaith, 
hter of Cathal, abbess of Cluain-Cuibhtin," died, 
illach of Telach-Olaind,^^ and Aichlech Ua Cindfiaech 

A hosting into the Fochla " b^' Donnchad." 
al. Jan. A.D. 771. Death of Airlid of Cluain-Iraird. [77L 
killing of Conchobar Ua Maeleduin. A hosting by 
nchad to Cnoc-mBane." The " Fair of the clapping 



>bhar. — Fore, in the barony of 
CO. Westmeath. 

is- cain-DegJta. — Inishkeen, in 
irony of Farney, co. Monaghan ; 
; name to the parish of Inish- 
situated partly in the county of 
ghan,and partlyin Louth county. 
)7i of Fogartach. — The Four 
(at 766) have mac Pep.aT)ai5, 
of Feradhach.'' 

Zing of Coirpri -mor. — yii Coilx- 
noiyt, "liing of the great Coirpri 
irbri)," A. B. has p.i Coi)xpT<-i 
(for " liing of Coirpri, moritur " 
'mortuus est")- t!lar. 49 has 
"moritur." But the reading in 



A. is probably correct. The territory 
(or tribe) of " Coirpri-mor " is men- 
tioned in the Ann. Four Mast, at the 
years 949, 974, 1029, and 1032. 

'* Cluain- Cuihhtin. — See note at the 
year 759 supra, where the name is 
" Cluain-Cuifthin.'' 

" Telach-Olaind. — See this place 
referred to above at the years 710 
(note ', p. 160) and 730. 

1' Fochla. — The north of Ireland. 

^^ Donnchad. — King of Ireland a 
the time. 

15 Cnoc-mSaree. — The "Hill of 
Banfe." See O'Donovan's Four Mast. 
at A.D. Ill, note j'. 



240 



ocMMccloc ulcroti. 



Oenac ina lamcomaiacae, in quo ignif 7 ronirtvu 
fi\nilicuT)ine'Diei niDicn. Irrolarricomafi-c hi -peil ITlicel 
■DianeppeT) in cene T)\ mm. Tno|\f Suibne abbcrcif 
1ae. CCenfit: ^oixiil "oa ^fieT)an imTnelle, 7 oen pixairro 
erapiau, qa oifiun in reinix). Cfuief TTlaelaicchin abb 
cluana eTOni^. Lex Comcan 7 CCenam f ecun-Dapoyiceopa 
Conn ache. OCeti aicgm ]\ex htle TTlane, CCpc mac 
piai'cniax) ^lecc (XiT)ne, iiigtilari punT;. tefjuf mac 
TDuibcombaii^ mojicuuf eye. 

let. lanaip. CCnno "Domini "dcc." lccx.° n." tTloenac 
mac Colmain, abbaf Slane 7 cible 'Poibpic, a pUixu 
pansuinif mofiunif efc. "Daniel nepof 'Poileni, rcpiba 
teT;ubai, quieuic. 'Oonncocaix) \iex Connacr; moiicmif 
epc. Inpobta piccicap 7 ap-oop folip, uc pene panip 
omnip Depepiit;. X)eipmepp mop mna 'oeat). TTlapran 
inpe ©i-Dnec, CCexian epipcopup maige h&u, Cei-cepnac 
huae Gpumon oabbap cluana pepr;a bpenainn, mopctn 
fux\v- Lepuan -Dommarpix Cille t)apo obnr. Ltnia 
cenebpopa m . 11 . nonap 'oeeimbpif. CCexi mac Coipppi, 
ppmcepp Recpainne, mopcuiip epc. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno •Domini t)CC.° lxx.° in." ITIopp 
CClbpain mic poit)miT), abbacip 'CpeoiD moip, in pexca 



' " Fair of the clapping of hands.'" 
— This evidently refers to a celebra- 
tion of national games somewhere, 
during which the people present 
thereat were so terrified by excessive 
thunder and lightning, that they 
clapped their hands in token of hoiTor 
and despair. Dr. O'Conor, and the 
so-called ' translator ' of Clar. 49, 
considered lamcomairt ("clapping of 
hands ") as the name of the place in 
which the oenacli (or " fair ") was 
held. But they were clearly mistaken. 
A similar incident is noticed at the 
year 798, infra. 

'^ Fasted. — aenprc (for ample), A. 
B. The flo-called " translator " of 
these Annals in Clar. 49 renders this 



entry " Irishmen fasted for feare of 
theire destruction, one meale among 
them in awe of the fyre." Dr. 
O'Conor (Ann. Ult. ad an.) translates 
aenpich " consensio spontanea,'' 
which is as bad. But the translation 
given in the Census of Ireland for 
1851 (Part V. vol. 1, p. 57), where 
aenpic is rendered bj' " all in one 
place '' (as if the original was oei) 
picli) is even worse. 

' Two ' tredans'; i.e. two fasts of 
three days each. See iredan, i.e. tre- 
denus, i.e. tres dies. Gloss in Fel. of 
Oengus, at Nov. 16. 

^ Chain - Eidhnech. — Clonenagh, 
near Mountrath, in the Queen's 
Countj-, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



241 



of hands,"^ in which occurred lightning and thunder, 
like unto the day of judgment. The ' clapping of 
hands '1 on the festival of St. Michael, of which was 
said the " fire from Heaven." Death of Suibhne, abbot 
of la. The Goidhil fasted^ two ' tredans '^ together, and 
only one meal between them, through fear of the fire. 
Repose of Maelaichthin, abbot of Cluain-Eidhnech.* The 
' Law ' of Coman and of Aedan, a second time,^ over the 
three divisions of Connaught. Aedh Aithgin, King of 
the TJi-Maine, and Art son of Flaithniadh, King of 
Aidhne, were slain. Lergus, son of Dubhcomair, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 772. Moenacb, son of Colman, abbot 
of Slane and CUl-Foibrigh, died of the ' bloody flux.' 
Daniel Ua FoHeni, scribe of Letuba," rested. Donncoth- 
aidh, King of Connaught, died. An unusual drought 
and heat of the sun, so that almost all food failed. A 
great abundance of acorns after it. Martan of Inis- 
eidnech, Aedan bishop of Magh-Eo,' [and] Ceithernach 
Ua Erumono, abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, died. 
Lerthan, abbess^ of Cill-dara, died. A dark moon on 
the second of the Nones of December. Aedh son of 
Coirpri, abbot' of Rechru, died. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 773. Death of Albran, son of Foidmed, 
abbot of Treoid-mor,^" on the sixth day between the two 



[772.] 



[773.] 



'A secondtime y^a (for T-ecatTDa) 

A. B. O'Conor prints fa. Clar. 49 
ignores it. The beginning of the 
third " Law " (iex, or tribute) of 
Coman and Aedan is noticed under 
the year 779 infra. 

^ Letnba. — This place, which has 
not been identified, is again referred 
to at the year 778 injra. 

' 31agh-Eo The "Plain of the 

Yew." Mayo, barony of Clanmorris, 
CO. Mayo. 

'Abbess. — ■DominaciMx. A B. 

^ Abbot — pf,incep]p, A. B. Clar. 
49 has "prince"; hut pp.iticep]p 



seems used throughout these Annals 
to signify the abbot or superior of a 
monastery. 

'° Treoid-mor ; or " Great Treoid." 
But there is no mention in these 
Annals, or in any other authority 
known to the Editor, of a Treoid-beg, 
or " little Treoid." The place re- 
ferred to is now known as Trevet, in 
the parish of the same name, barony 
of Skreen, and county of Meath. The 
old name of the place was Duma- 
dergluachra (" Mound of the red 
rushy -place"), according to a state- 
ment in Lebor-na~hUidrl, p. 119a> 



242 



CCMNalCC VllCCOh. 



I^e^iia \nve\i -otio paipcha. Ulcan .h. bejaoTjeifis^, 
abbaf O^nae moyie, Gip,ennac mac Gicin abbaf tei€- 
Foi. 8Sai. gluine, ■popinnaiTi fciiibaj epifcoptif 'Ciaeoit^jpeiaieiaiinT:. 
T)unlaic ingen pogepcaig obiit:. "Comaluac tnac ITluiv 
jmle, pex Cpuacna CCi, boT)bcaT) mac edcgiifa, peoc 
ceniuil pi In Gpcae, mopoui pun-. Stiaiplec .tl. Con- 
ciapain, abbap Lipp moip, 1mpai€ec jlinne Cboicije, 
anchopica, mopnui ptinu. piauptiae mac pacpac, peoc 
Cpuiune, mopiT;up. ComixT;io agotnp la T)onncba'D. 
eujan mac Colmain a pluxu panjuinip mopuiup epc, 
7 ccT^epi rnulT:! ex ipT;o Tjolope mopcui punt:. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno 'oomim tjcc". lxx°. 1111.° TlDopp 
Cination pegip piccopum ; 7 'Oonnsal mac NuaxiaT; 
abbap Lugmait), 7 pancu abbap tusmai-o, 7 Conall 
maigeLuin^i, 7Suaiplec abbap tinncpepieptinT:. Com- 
bupT;io aip'DT) TTlacae. Combupcio Cille "oapo. Com- 
bupuio ^linne "oa loca. Congpeppio iTit:ep mnumanen- 
pep.7 nepot;ep Meill, 7 pecit; "DonnchaT) tiapt;at;ionem 
magiiam in pinibup Tniiminenpiiim, 7 cecTOeptint; mulci 
Ti TTliiimnecaib. Imaipecc 1 CLuam ipaip-o-o icip 
"OonnchaD 7 muinrip Cluana ipaip-OD. Cfuiep Ciapain 
cpaiT)bT;i5 .1- belaij t)tiin. OelUim acai-o bio^ incep 



1 Two Easters; i.e. Easter Sunday 
and Low Sunday. 

^Othan-mor. — "Great Othan." 
Now Fahan, barony of Inishowen, co. 
Donegal. 

' Leltlifflnm. — Now known as Old- 
Leighlin, the site of a Bishop's See, 
in the barony of Idrone West, co. 
Carlow. 

■■ Treoit. — Trevet, bar. of Skreen, 
CO. Meath. 

^ Of Cruachan- Ai. — The Four 
Mast. (atA.D. 769)havemai5e'hCCi, 
"of Magh-Ai," the name of a well- 
known district in the co. Kosconi- 
mon. 

'^ Ghnn-CloitifjlK. — O'Donovan 



thought that this was probably the 
vale of the river [Clody], near New- 
to^vn-Barry, in the county Wexford. 
{Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 769, note o.) 
But this is doubtful. O'Conor absurdly 
translates the name " vallis illustrium 
heroum." 

' Cruithni, i.e., the Cruithni, or 
Picts, of Dalaraide, in Ireland; al- 
though Skene copies the entry as 
referring to the Scotch Picts (Cliron. 
Picts and Scots, p. 358). 

' Fair.— O'ConOT thought that the 
Fair (or assembly) meant was the Fair 
of Tailltiu (or Teltown), co. Meath ; 
and he was possibly right in this 
instance. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



243 



rs.^ Ultan Ua Berodeirgg, abbot of Othan-mor'; 
nach, son of Eiclien, abbot of Leithglenn/ [and] 
nan, scribe and bishop of Treoit/ died. Dun]aith, 
iter of Fogartach, died. Tomaltach, son of Murgal, 
of Cruachan-Ai/ [and] Bodbchad, son of Echtgus, 
of Cinel-mic-Erca, died. Suairlech Ua Conciarain, 
of Lis-mor, [and] Imraithech of Glenn-Cloitighe," an 
rite, died. Flathroe, son of Fiachra, king of tlie 
ini/ dies. Disturbance of a fair^ by Donnchad. 
1, son of Colman, died from the ' bloody flux/ and 
others died from that disorder. 
'. Jan. A.D. 774. Death of Cinadhon, king of thePicts ; 
onngal, son of Nuada, abbot of Lughmadh.'and Fian- 
bbot of Lughmadh, and Conall of Magh-luinge," and 
ech, abbot of Linn," died. Burning of Axd-Macha. 
ngof Cill-dara. Burning of Glenn-da-locha. Abattle 
en the Munstermen and the TJi-]SreilI,andDonnchad^^ 
.itted great devastation in the borders of the Munster- 
and many of the Munstermen were slain. A conflict 
ain-Iraird, between Donnchad^^ and the ' family ' of 
i-Ivaird. The repose of Ciaran the pious, i.e., of 
i-duin.'' The battle of Achadh-Hag,^* between the 
luin and the [Ui]-Maine, where the [Ui]-Maine 



[774.] 



madh. — Louth, in the co. 

'h-lmnge. — See note ', at the 
, supra. 

I. — This should evidently 
-Duachaill, a place which 
an identifies withMagheralin, 
. Down ; but on no sufficient 
•, so far as the Editor can 
s Martyr, of Donegal, at the 
ipril, has " Suairlech, abbot 
Duachaill, a.d. 774." 
ichad. — Monarch of Ireland 



" BelacTi-duin. — The "Pass" of the 
" dun " (or " fort "). This was the 
old name of Disert-Chairain, or Castle- 
keeran, in the barony of Upper Kells, 
and county of Meath. 

" Achadh-Uag.—'Th& " Field of the 
Stones." Dr. O'Conor (in Ann. Ult. 
ad. an.) states that this place was 
Athleague [in the bar. of Athlone, co. 
Roscommon]. But O'Donovan (Fow 
Mast., A.D. 770, note x) thought that 
the place referred to was "the place 
now called Achadh- leaga, situated on 
the east side of the river Suck," in the 
same barony. 

R 2 



244 



aMMalcc ulccDti. 



.b. 



riepocef bpunn 7 TYIaine, ubi TTlane pifioft;ifiaT;uf efc. 
Sr;iaa5ef nepocum Tpibofium bifiocc in cempoifie Coljsen 
mic Cellail. Combufcio infole baireni. 

[Ct. lanaifi. CCnno "Domini "dcc." Vxx." ii.° Cfoiejp 
Colmain pinn ancoj\icae. TTloifif ^oi-oil Cluancc 
ijiaip-'D. TTIopf pop,bufaic abbcrcip ifiaco (Xi'do. TTloiif 
CoblbiiaiiTD abbat;if Cluana inicc U Kloif. ComoT;acio 
maiariyium ipancci Gyice Slane, 7 cotinot;aT;io maiaciifium 
tliniani Cluana iifiaip,T(. TTlopf TYlaelemanac abbai^if 
Cinnjafiax). Oellum inreja T)al n-CCiaai-oe inuicern, 1 
•pleib TTlifp, in quo ceciT)ic Mia mac ConalT;a. bellum 
"Df.uins luepum in eoTDem anno, icip ■oal n-CCfiaiT)e, 
in quo ceciDepunt; Cinae-o caip^ge mac Carafaig, 7 
T)un5al .i). ■pef^jufa ipopcpai'D. 'ComalT;ac mac 
In-Difiechuais 7 Gcai'D mac pacnae uicT;oiaef efianT:. 
Celiac mac "Ouncha'Da, fiex Lai§en, mofiT;uuip efz- 
Foi. 335a. bellum (Xza Tiumai icip, na hCCiifireyiu 7 . h . 6coc CoBo, 
in quo ceciTDiT; ^oyim^al mac Conaill cpui, fxex C060. 
Gugan mac Roncmn abbaf tiff moif, 7 TTlaelfuBai 
.n. inoinai§, pefiefunu. Caccof[c]fa'D icip. U Weill 
7 ITluime, in quo familia "Depmaigi fuic, 7 filii 
Tobaic, IT) efc T)uinecaif> 7 CaT;f annac, 7 alii ve filiif 



' Were overthrown. — pjiofcificccuf 
efc, A. and B., witli which Clar. 49 
agrees. But the name of Mane (or 
Maine), ancestor of the sept, is put 
for the sept itself in these authorities. 
The Four Mast, (at A.D. 770) have 
more correctly in i-io TiieaBai'6 poll 
lilt) niaitie ("in -which the Ui- 
Maine were defeated "). 

^ Colgu King of the Ui-Crem- 

thainn. His obit is given at the year 
780, infra. 

^ Inis-Baithin. — Now Ennisboj-ne, 
in the barony of Arklow, co. Wicklow. 

* Chiain-Iraird. — Clopard in the 



barony of Upper Moyfenrath, co. 
Meath. 

^ Rath-Aedha Now Rahugh, in 

the parish of the same name, barony of 
Moycashel, and county of West- 
meath. 

^0/Finian Uitiiatii, A. finiii- 

aui, B. " Finiani," Clar. 49, which 
seems more correct. 

' Cenngaradh, — Kingarth in Scot- 
land. 

" Themselves itiuicem, A. B. For 

invicem the Four Masters generally use 
i:;efin ("themselves"), as in this case. 

' iSKoJA-ilfM.— Slemish, a moua- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



245 



vere overthrown.^ A slaughter of the Ui-Mac-Brocc, in 
he time of Colgu,^ son of Cellach. Burning of Inis- 
Baithin." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 775. The repose of Cohnan Finn, [775.] bis. 
mchorite. Death of Goidel of Cluain-Iraird.* Death 
)f Forbasach, abbot of Rath-Aedha.* Death of Colbrand, 
ibbot of Clonmacnoise. 'Translation' of the relics of 
3t. Ere of Slane, and ' translation ' of the relics of Finian" 
jf Cluain-Iraird. Death of Maelmanach, abbot of 
IJenngaradh.' A battle among the Dalaraide themselves,* 
i,t Shabh-Mis,^ in which Nia, son of Cualta, was slain. 
I battle of Drung^" again in the same year, among the 
Dalaraide,in which fell Cinaedh Cairgge, son of Cathasach, 
md Dungal, grandson of Fergus Forcraidh." Tomaltach,^^ 
;on of Indrechtach,and Echaidh," son of Fiachna, were vic- 
;ors. Cellach, son of Dunchad, King of Leinster, died. The 
Dattle of Ath-duma" between the AirtLera and the Ui- 
Echach-Cobha, in which fell Gormgal, son of Conall Crui, 
King of Cobha. Eugan, son of Ronchenn, abbot of Lis-mor, 
md Maelrubha Ua Moenaigh, died. A destructive battle 
3etween the Ui-Neill and Munstermen,^^ in which were 
;he ' family ' of Dermagh,^" and the sons of Tobath, i.e. 
Duinechaidh and Cathrannach, and others of the sons of 



;ain in the barony of Lower Antrim, 
n the CO. of Antrim. 

WBrung See note', p. 96, supra. 

11 Fergus Forcraidh.—The (Jeath of 
his person is recorded above under 
he year 702. 

" Tomaltach. — This Tomaltach, son 
,f Indrechtach, is mentioned among 
he kings of TJlad in the list in the 
3oolc of Leinster (p. 11, col. 3), and 
,l30 ill the list of kings of Dalaraide 
p. 41, col. 5). See under the year 
89 infra. 

" Echaidh Called "Eocho" in 

he Boo^ of Leinster list of the kings 



of Ulad (p. 41, col. 3), where he is 
stated to have reigned 10 years. 

'* Ath-duma. — A battle of Ath- 
duma between the Ulidians and the 
Ui-Echach is mentioned above at 
the year 760. The place has not been 
identified. 

'* Munstermen. --TTltiime, A. B. 
has the abbrev. for ITluimnedu 
(accHS. pi. of TTltiimnec, a " Munster- 
man"). 

" ' Family ' of Dermagh. — The 
community of Durrow, in the King's 
county. The Four Mast-ers do not 
give this entry. 



246 



CCMMCCLCC UlCCDTl. 



T)omnaill; 7 ceci-oepuiTC mulci x»e TTlume, 7 tuccoiiep 
•pueiaunc nepocef 'NeiU. Conba'D inna con. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno •Domini -dcc." Ukoc." ui.° lusulcrcio 
mac Cumaipcaic oc ODfiaib, alnif uixic aliuf Tnoficuuf 
efc. ComfOTO cachimaiiT,ecc ii;ii;i va ua Cepnaig,!'© efc 
■Miall 7 Cumufcac, in quo ceci'oep.unc eccguf mac 
Oaiu, 7 ceceifvi mulx;i, hi paiici CalaT)iT,omo. SLogax) 
togen la "OonnchoD poifi bpega. Int) ule ^aim iffini) 
tamtia-D .1. ■plecoxi mori 7 saei moyi. piau|iui pin 
"DoTTinaill t^egif Connacc. Cumufcc int) oenaig la 
"DonnchttT) poifi Ciannacc. 1n coccaxi ir;ifi 'DonnchoT) 7 
Consalac. -Scfiosef Calfiaigi lahU piacfiac. banbo'bB- 
Sni fapieni' obiii:. 1nTi jiiuc pola. ^alfiai im-oai 
olchena, pene mop.r;alicaf. In bo ap mdfi. 

let. Ian ai p. CCnno ■Domini ■dcc." lcccc.°uii.° In cocca'o 
ce-ono reip. "Oonncha'D 7 Congalac .t. mac Conaing, 7 
bellum fotxcalaiT) inna popcninn, ubi ceciT)efittnc Con- 
galac mac Conaing, 7 Cuanu mac ecniD, 7 'Oefimaic 
mac Clorgni, 7 'DunchaT) mac CCleni, 7 piocnia mac 
TTlaele'DUin, 7 cetjepi mulri. "Oonncha'D uicco]a puic. 



' Combat of the Cu's Q^a'D (for 

conbax), or conibari) inna con. This 
would also mean "battle of the dogs," 
ctt (gen. pi. and sg. con.) a " dog,'' 
being frequently used in the formation 
of the names of remarkable Irishmen 
in ancient times. This entry may 
have some reference to the 1st and 
2nd entries under the next year. 

^ ' Jug-ulatio.^ — This word as used 
in the Irish Annals always means a 
death inflicted by violence. The 
Four Masters, who have the entry of 
this event at the year 772, say that 
the one killed the other; in other 
words, that they fell by each 
other. 



" Odhra. — Now Odder, in the 
parish of Tara, barony of Skreen, 
and county of Meath. 

'' Cernach. — The Cemach, son of 
Diarmait, son of Aedh Slane, whose 
death is entered above at the years 
6G3 and 666. 

* Caladruim. — Now Galtrun, in the 
par. of the same name, barony of 
Lower Deece, co. Meath. 

" King. — tiegi-p, A. B. Clar. 19 
has 'rex.' But the older MSS. are 
probably correct, and as the forms 
pLil and laegi^ are used iu connection 
with "Flathrui" (the genit. form 
of Flathrue, or Flatb/u), it follows 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



247 



3omnall ; and many of the Munstermen were slain ; and 
■he Ui-Neill were victors. Combat of the Cu's.^ 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 776. The ' juguhitio '' of Cumuscach's 
ions, at Odhra," — one lived, another died. A mutual 
Jattle between two descendants of Cernach/ viz., Niall 
md Cumuscach, in which fell Echtgu.s, son of Baeth, and 
nany others, in the fair-green of Caladruim.' The 
losting of Leinster by Donnchad upon Breg. Winter 
dtogether in the Summer, viz., great rain and great wind. 
Hathrui, son of Domnall, King" of Conuaught. Dis- 
.urbance of the fair,'' by Donnchad, against the Cianachta. 
The war between Donnchad and Congalach.^ Slaughter 
)f the Cakaighi by the Ui-Fiachrach. Ban-Bodbhgna," 
. wise man, died. The 'bloody flux.' Many diseases 
lesides; a mortality almost. The great mortality of 
lows. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 777. The same war between Donn- 
had and Congalach (i.e., son of Conaing^") ; and the 
lattle of Forcalad at the end of it, in which were slain 
Congalach, son of Conaing, and Cuanu, son of Ecned, 
,nd Diarmait, son of Clothgna, and Dunchad, son of 
dene, and Flaithnia, son of Maelduin, and many others. 
)onnchad was victor. 



[776.] 



[777.] 



lat some word like moifiy^, or obicti'p, 
as been omitted before pijCCcTiifitii. 
lat the death of Flaithruae, King of 
lonnaught (the same name u, little 
Itered), is entered under the year 
78. 
' The fair. — The " Fair " (or 
national games ") celebrated an- 
[lally in Tailltiu, or Teltown, in the 
irony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 
30 above, at the year 716. O'Conor 
itirely misunderstood this entry, 
hich he translates in his ed. of these 
nnals (ad. an.), " Levis pugna, seu 



veJitatio, facta apud Doenag, a Dunn- 
chado rege contra Ciannachtenses.'' 

' Congalach. — The same personage 
mentioned under the next year. 

' Ban-Bodbhffna. — "Ban of 'Bod- 
bhgna.' " Bodbhgna is now known 
as Sliabh-Baune, in the county of 
Eosconunon. 

"Son oj" Conaing. — The original of 
this clause is added by way of gloss 
in B. It is in the text in Clar. 49. 
Congalach, son of Conaing, was King 
of the Brega, in Meath. 



248 



CCMNCClCC tiLcc"oh. 



"Do each ipoficalaiT: foifioijxet; 
"Ooriinach tmbac neifiach ; 
Oa inroa mccuaifi boeu bfioriac 
In luan layi na Bafiach. 

Combufcio cluana mice tl Moip hi .ui. Toup luil. Int) 
Tiiu^ pola. In bo ayi rndp,. lex Coluim CiUe la 
'Oonncha-D 7bi-ieipal. ■Hlopf ©cipfceili mic CCe'DO mic 
Colssene, fie^if .h. Cennfelaig. "Dopmicacio CCinpcel- 
laig, abbOTif CoTHTDiiae 7 lainne ela. Niall ptiopac 
mac IPepjaile (ann 1 colaim ciUe), 7 Wiall mac ConaiU 
Spainr; ifieoc -Deifceiiic bjaeg, 7 "Cuacal mac Crxemcaiti 
Xiex CualaiTD, 7 pLannabjaa ^ex .h . TTIail, 7 CCeti pinn 
mac ecT)ac |iex T)al Riaui, omnep mopcui punc. 
Si€mai€ abaT;ipa cluana baifienn moprua epc. ■pman 
abbap Cluana auip, 7 ConpT;anp papienp loca n-Bipne, 
quieuepunu. CeT)ip nepoi^um TTlani in campo "Oaipben, 
ubi CCp^jgal oiccop epac. Biuni insen Cmaxion mop^^ua 
epc. 
Foi. nm. let. lanaip. CCnno T)omini ■dcc." lxx.° uiii.° TTlopp 
pulapcaig epipcopi Cluana ipaip-o. Oengup mac CCleni 



' Fm-calad. — O'Donovan was un- 
certain whether this should be "For- 
caIad,"or/or CafotZ ("upon Calad"); 
wliich (" Calad ") he regarded as 
" probably the .... Caladh of 
Calraighe .... in the present 
parish of Ballyloughloe [co. West- 
meath]. Ann. Four Mast., a.-d. 773, 
note 0. This stanza, which is not in 
B., is added, in the original hand, in 
the lower margin of fol. 336 in A., 
with a mark of reference to its place 
in the text. 

^ Donnchad. — Monarch of Ireland. 
The enforcement, or promulgation, of 
the ' Law ' (or tribute) of St. Colum- 
Cille by his father Domnall, also 



monarch of Ireland, is recorded above 
at the year 752. 

^ Lann-Ela.-Soyf Lynally, in the 
barony of Ballycowan, King's county. 

*NiaUFrosach.—'Sm\l"ot the 
Showers." His accession to the 
kingship of Ireland is recorded above 
at the year 7G2 ( = 763). In the 
Book of Leinstei- (p. 25, col. 2), 
Niall is stated to have died in Hi 
(Zona), na ailictitti, "in his pil- 
grimage;" and it is added that three 
remarkable showers fell in his reign, 
namely, a shower of " white silver," 
a shower of honey, and a shower of 
wheat. See under the years 717 and 
763, supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



249 



By the battle of Forcaladi was caused 
A sorrowful, tearful Sunday. 
Many a fond mother was sad 
On the Monday following. 

Juming of Clonmacnoise on the 6tli of the Ides of July, 
'he ' bloody flux.' The great mortality of cows. The 
Law ' of Colum-Cille by Donnchad^ and Bresal. Death 
if Etirscel, son of Aedh, son of Colgu, King of Ui- 
^ennselaigh. The ' falling asleep ' of AinfceUach, abbot 
if Connor, and of Lann-Ela". Niall Frosach,* son of 
i^ergal, (in I-Colum-Cille''), and Niall son of Conall 
jtrant," King of the South of Bregh, and Tuathal son of 
>emthan,' King of Cualand, and Flanuabra, King of 
Ji-Mail, and Aedh Finn son of Echaidh, King of Dal- 
iata* — all died. Sithmaith, abbess of Cluain-Bairenn,^ 
lied. Finan, abbot of Cluain-auis," and Constans, a 
vise man, of Loch-Eirne," rested. A slaughter of the 
Ji-Mani, in Magh-Dairben,'" where ArtgaP^ was the 
dctor. Eithni, daughter of Cinadhon," died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 778. Death of Fulartach, bishop of 
IJluain-Iraird. Oengus son of Alene, King of Mughdorne; 



[778.] 



* I-Coluim-Cille. — lona. This 
iause Is interlined in A and B. 

^Conall Grant i i.e. Conall -'the 
jraj-." See under the year 717, 
iupra. 

' Cremthan. — The Crimthan, son 
)f Cellach Cualand, whose death is 
mtered above at the year 726. 

' Dalriata ; i.e. the Irish Dalriata, 
:n the CO. of Antrim. See Beeves' 
Eccl. Antiqq., p. 318, sj. 

" Cluain-Bairenn. — Cloonburren, 
in the parish of Moore, barony of 
Moycam, and county of Koscommon. 

" Cluain-auis. — Otherwise written 
Cluain-eoia ; now Clones, county 
Monaghan. 

" Loch-Eirne.' — Lough Erne, in 



the CO. Fermanagh. But this is 
probably a mistake. The Martyr, of 
Donegal, at Nov. 14, give the festival 
of " Constans, Priest and Anchorite, 
of Eo-inis, in Loch-Eirne in Uladh, 
A.D. 777 ;" evidently the same person. 
But according to the Ann. Four 
Mast., at A.D. 1231, Eo-inis [Eanish, 
O'Donov. note e ad an.] was in Logh- 
Oaghter [co. Cavan; an expansion 
of the River Erne farther south]. 

" Magh-Dairlen. — Somewhere in 
Connaught. Not identified. 

" Artgal. — King of Connaught. 
See under the year 781 infra. 

'* Cinadhon King of the Scotch 

Picts, whose obit is given above at 
the year 774, 



250 



CCMMalCC UlOCDtl. 



1fi.ea; rntig-oorine, Cotiall hiia Ofreni abbaf lecubai, 
CCinmeifii abbaf Raco nuae, Connamac Conam, TTloinan 
mac CojiTTiaic abbaf ca^fac ■pujifi i Pfiancia, piaic- 
l^uae |iex Connachu, "Depuncci func. bouum nnof,T:abi- 
caf not! "oefinic, 7 TnopT:aliraf hominum "oe pennutiia. 
Combufcio Cille T)afo hi .111. Totif luni. Combiifcio 
cluana moep, Tnaexiocc. Combufcio Cille ■oeilgse. 
In bolggach •poi;i Gfinn huile. Uencuf maximuf in 
fine aucumni. ITluif.e'Dac mac Oengufa, pex affoa 
Cianachua, lugulacuf efc. Sloga'D la "OonnchaTD ifin 
PocLa, CO cucc giaUti 'Domnabl mac OCe-oo mum-oeifs, 
fege aquilonif. bellum ITlumen inuicem, ubi ceciDiT; 
Pefjal mac Gla'Daig ]iex Deffmuman. bfieiflen 
beffi uiccof fuit;. pofbofac mac TYIaelecolai, abbaf 
■Roif chaimm, mofii;uf.. 

[Ct. lanaif . CCnno TDomini "occ." lxx.° ix.° Combufcio 
CClocbuaxie in ^Cabentiif lanuafn. Combufno cbuana 
baifenn 7 combufcio balm. TTloff TTltifco'Da mic 
TiwZvavviav. bellum vo ma'omatm fe Colgsen mac 
Cellaij fofif na hCCif^efU, ubi cecitjefuriu mulci 
ignobilef. Gilpin f ecc Saxonum mopiuup. TTlac teinne 
abbaf innfe baiyvenn obiic. PUba 1l«at»fac a Occuf 
ochae, 7 Coifpfi mic tai'Dgnein, cum T)Uobuf genefibuf 



' Letuia. — This monastery is men- 
tioned above at the year 772. 

'Fursa's City. — Peronne, in 
France. St. Fursa is referred to at 
the years 626, 647, 6i8, 655, and 
660, supra. 

^ Flathrua. — See under the year 
776. 

■■ Ceased not. — tion 'oefiuic, A. 
non desinit, Clar. 49. Omitted in 
B. 

^ Fochla. — A name for the North 
of Ireland. 

" Des-Mumha Desmond. 

^ Brehkn of Serre Berre is now 

represented hy the harony of Bear, in 



the N.W. of the co. Cork. The obit 
of Breislen of Berre is entered under 
the year 798 infra, and that of 
his son Maelbracha, lord of Corca- 
Loighde (a territory to the south of 
Berre, in the same county), is given 
by the Four Masters at A.D. 800 
(=805). 

^ Ros-caimm. — Plainly written 
fioif chaimm (in the genit. case) in 
A. and B., and " Roischaim " in Clar. 
49. The Four Mast., at a.d, 774, have 
laofa Comditi ("of Roscommon"). 
But the place intended may be Ros- 
cam, in the parish of Oranmore, co. 
Galway. It certainly could not have 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



251 



onall Ua Osseni, abbot of Letuba ;^ Ainmeri, abbot of 
ath-nua; Conna, sonof Conan; Moenan, son of Cormac, 
Dbot of Fursa's City^ in France, [and] Flaitbrua/ King 
: Connaught, died.. The mortality of cattle ceased 
ot f and a mortality of men from want. Burning of 
ill-dara on the 3rd of the Ides of June. Burning of 
luain-mor-Maedhog. Burning of CiU-deUgge. The 
nall-pox throughout aU Ireland. A very great wind in 
le end of Autumn. Muiredach, son of OengTis, King of 
j:d-Cianachta, was slain. A hosting by Donnchad into 
lie Fochla/ so that he brought hostages from DomnaU, 
an of Aedh Muinderg, King of the North. A battle 
mong the Munstermen themselves, in which fell FergaL 
Dn of Eladach, King of Des-Mumha." Breislen of 
ierre'' was the victor. Forbasach, son of Maeltola, abbot 
f Eos-caimm,^ dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 779. Burning of Al-Cluadhe," on the 
Lalends of January. Burning of Cluain-Bairenn," and 
urning of Balne." Deatk of Mnrchadh, son of Dubh- 
fatnath. A battle was broken^^ by Colgu, son of Cellach 
.pon the Airthera, where many ignoble persons were 
lain. EUpin, King of the Saxons,^^ dies. Mac-Leinne, 
bbot of Inis-Bairenn, died. The flight of Ruaidhri from 
)chtar-Ocha," and of Coirpre, son of Ladhgnen, with the 



[779.] 



een intended for Eoa-Comain (Eos- 
ommon). 

^ AUCluadhe. — Also written Al- 
!luaithe, or Al- Cluatlie. Dnmbarton, 
1 Scotland. See note 12 at the year 
io7 supra, 

" CluaiTi-Bairenn. — Cloonburren, 
0. Roscommon. 

" Balne. — Or Salna (Latinized in 
be genit. form Balni). Now Balla, 
a. the barony of Clanmorris, co. 
tayo. See above under the year 
193. 

" Was broken. — Tlo ma-DTnaim- 
)r. O'Conor, in his ed. of these An- 



nals (_ad an.'), mistaking this expres- 
sion for the name of a place, translates 
"Praslium Domadhmanense " ! 

^^King of the Saxons. — This seems 
a mistake, as Elpin was a Pictish 
King. See Skene's Chron. Picts and 
Scots, Pre!., p. cxxvi. note, 

T Ochtar-Ocha. — Or Uachtar-Ocha 
(" upper Ocha "). Some place in 
Leinster ; but not identified. O'Don- 
ovan says (Ann. F. M. a.d. 765, note 
s) that Ocha was the ancient name of 
a place near the hill of Tara, in Meath. 
See note * under the year 482 supra. 
Some lines of poetry referring to 



252 



CCMMOClCC UlCTDtl. 



Lctsineticium. "Donncha'o pejafecucuf efr; eop cum fuif 
■pociif, uafcauirique 7 combupp^ pnef eopum 7 aecle- 
fiaf. Nix majna in CCpyiilio. t-'ejiguf Tnaigi T)UTnai 
mofiT^uuf efc. ■poyibplai £1115111 Connlai, "oominaciaixclu- 
ana Oponaig, mofxcua efr. CCu^Ufcm beniicaip, 7 SeT^fiac 
mac Sobafi^am, 7 Wa'Daficu fapienf, mojicui funv. 
Conj;iaeppo fenoT)opi]m nepocum Neill l-ajineiTCiumque 
111 opiTDo 'Cempo, ubi puepunc ancopii^ae 7 pcpibe mulT;i, 
cfuibup T)ux efiaz "Dublircep. TTIacnio mac Ceallaig, 
abbap "Duin lecglaippi, quieuiu. Lex T;epTMa Commain 
7 (Ce'oain incipiu. 

[Ct. latiaip. CCnno "Domini T)cc.° Ixxx." "Oungalac 
mac Consaile mopT;uup epc. ITlajna comixcio in ap^DT) 
Fci. 34aa. TTIacbae, in quinquagippima "oie, in qua ceci-Diu Con- 
Tialac mac CCiblello. Sencan abbap Imleco Ibaip, 7 
Opac abbap Lipmoep, abbap innpe 'Daimle, 7 Saepgal 
hue &T)aipn5nae abbap cUiana pept^a TTloluae, 7 
T)ubinnpechT; mac^epjupa abbap ^epnann, 7 CCilnsnaTi 
epipcopup apt) bpeccan, 7 Trioenac .\\. imonais abbap 
Lainne leipe, 7 pecuac abbap 'Pobaip, 7 C0I55U mac 
Cellaig pi .tl. Cpemcain, 7 CCilbpan .h. tugaDon abbap 
cluana "Dolcain, Nua-oa .tl. bolcain abbap "Commae 
T)a olann, "Oungal mac ■piaicniaTi pex.ll. TTlail, Soepgal 



Ochtar-Ocha are written in tlie top 
margin of fol. 34a in A. But they 
are not worth printing. 

^ The two tribes of tJie Leinstermen, 
i.e., the North Leinstermen proper, 
and the South Leinstermen, or Ui- 
Cennselaigh. Euaidhri was King of 
Leinster (see his ob. at 784 infra), 
and Coirpri King of Ui-Cennslaigh. 
(^Booh of Leinster, p. 39, col. 2, and 
p. 40, col. 1.) 

''Donnchad. — King of Ireland at 
the time. 

^ Of the synods. — peno'Doyiutn, 
A. and B., (though O'Conor prints 



from the latter MS. " Sinodorum "). 
" Synodarum," Clar. 49. 

■* Dubhlitter. — Prohahly Duhh- 
litter, abbot of Finglas (near Dublin), 
whose obit is given infra at the 
year 795. 

^ President. — ■DUX. Clar. 49 
translates " Captain." 

" Third. — The " Lex secunda,'' or 
second promnlgation of the ' Law,' or 
tribute, of Coman and Aedan, is 
recorded above at the year 771. 

' Quinquagesima. — "Shrovetide," 
Ann. Clonmacnoise, a.d. 778. 

' Imlech-Ibhair. — Emly, in the 
barony of Clanwilliam, co. Tipperary. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



253 



vo tribes of the Leinstermen/ Donncliad^ pursued 
lem, with his confederates, and wasted and burned their 
rritories and churches. Great snow in April. Fergus 

■ Magh-duma dies. Forbflaith, daughter of Connla, 
jbess of Cluain-Bronaigh, died. Augustin of Bennchair, 
id Sedrach, son of Sobarthan, and Nadarchu, a wise 
an, died. A congress of the S3mods' of the Ui-Neill 
id the Leinstermen, in the town of Tara, where were 
iveral anchorites and scribes, over whom Dubhlitter* was 
resident.^ Macnio, son of Cellach, abbot of Dun- 
thglaisi, rested. The third" 'Law' of Coman and 
edan begins. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 780. Dungalach, son of Congal, died, 
reat confusion in Ard-Macha on Quinquagesima' daj^, 
L which Condalach, son of Ailill, was slain. Senchan, 
ibot of Imlech-Ibhair f Orach, abbot of Lis-mor ; the 
shot of Inis-Daimle f Saerghal Ua Edairngnae, abbot of 
luain-ferta-Molua'°; Dubhinnrecht, son of Fergus, abbot 

■ Ferns ; Ailgnadh, bishop of Ard-Brecain ; Moenach 
a Monaigh, abbot of Lann-leire ;" Fechtach, abbot of 
obhar;^^ Colgu, son of Cellach, king of the Ui-Cremthain ; 
.ilbran Ua Lugadon, abbot of Cluain-Dolcain f^ Nuada 
'a Bolcaia, abbot of Tuaim-da-olann ;" Dungal, son of 
laithniadh, king of Ui-Mail ;^° Saergal Ua Cathail, a 



[780.] 



' Inis-Daimle. — In the Martyr, of 
'onegal, at July i, Inis-Daimle (or 
lis-Doimhle, as the name is there 
ritten) is described as between Ui- 
ennselaigh [county of Wexford] 
id the Deisi [co. Waterford]. Dr. 
odd thought Inis-Daimle was pro- 
ably the same as "Little Island," in 
le expansion of the Suir, near 
j^aterford. War of the Gaedhil, &c., 
Qtrod., xxxvii., note ^. 

" Cluain-ferta-Molua. — Seenote", 
. 85, supra. 

" Lannr-leire, — Or Lann-leri, as 



written above at the year 720, where 
see note ^. 

" Fobhar.—'SoTe, co. Westmeath. 

" Cluain-Dolcain. — Clondalkia 
near Dublin. Other members of the 
Ua Lugadon family seem to have been 
abbots of Clondalkin. See under the 
years 789 and 800, infra. 

'* Tuaim-da-olann. — A variation of 
the name Tuaim-da-ghualaun ; Tuam, 
CO. Galway. 

" Ui-Mail. — This territory com- 
prised the well-known Glen of 
Imaile, in the present county of 



254 



ccNMalcc tilat)1i. 



.h. Cacail f apieiif, 7 Petisuf mac Gcac fii t)al Rmci, 
orrinef -Depuncci funv. belltim ^^%6 t^e pepaiB bpeg 
ipofx Laisniu, -Die famnae, in quo ceT)iTiic Cucongalc iii 
■Raco inbip. 1)1011171011; mac Conams 7 Conains mac 
Dun^aile, T)a ua Conainj, 7 TTlael'Dtiin mac pepsufa 
7 ■pojeiicac mac Cumafcai?;, ■duo nepoceip Cepnaij, 
uiccofiei^ efianc belli R151. 

Locafi Lmjin ayi faTiiain 
"Do caij "Dttjipiia nat> caiii-ar;; 
nifiaosab toga ■D151, 
Poifi byiu Tligi iao an^ac. 

Giciiecmac eifcenaig equonimuf 'Ooimliacc,7 CuTDinaifc 
.Tl. Ciafipaije, mop,iUTiT;u|i. 

jet. lanaiii. CCnno T»omini 'occ." Ixocx." 1.° huaficiiiT)e 
.n. m ailer;oile, 7 Coi^mac mac byicfail abbaf aiifi-ot) 
bfieccain 7 alia^ium ciuirarum, 7 T)ub€olaia55 fiex 
Picr;oyium ci^iia TTlono-c, 7 Tnuiiie'Dac mac huapgaile 
equommuf lae, 7beccan tippecaiyii, 7 Scannal nepop 
■CaiTiss abbap CCcbaiT) bo in pepiaComgaill, 'oominacup 
xl° 111 anno, 7 ban[ban] abb CLoenuo, 7 CCe'San abbap 
poipp Commain, 7 Hitman equonimup benncaip, 7 
PepT)omnac "Comae "oa gualann, omnep pepiepunc. 



Wicklow. The Four Masters (at A.D. 
776) have " Umhall," now represented 
by the baronies of Murresk and Biir- 
rishoole, co. Mayo ; which seems wrong. 

' Righe. — O'Donovan (^Four Mast. , 
A.D. 776, note^f) says that this is the 
KiverEye, which unites with the Liffey 
at Leixlip, after forming the boundary 
for several miles between the coun- 
ties of Kildare and Meath. But 
Shearman woiild identify it with the 
King's river, in the centre of Wick- 
low. Loca Patriciana, p. 121. 

"Sath-inbhir. — The " Eath (or 
' fort ') of the Estuary." According 



to the Irish life of St. Patrick in 
the Leaiar Breac (p. 28, coL a) 
Rath-inbhir was in the country of the 
Ui-Garchon, which comprised Eath- 
new, Glenealy, and other places in 
the present barony of Newcastle, co. 
Wicklow. It was probably the old 
name of the present town of Wicklow, 
which is situated at the mouth (or 
estuary) of Inbher-Dea, the ancient 
name of the Vartry river. 

^ Samhain. — Allhallowtide. 

"^ Desire of drinh [i.e., thirst'] 
seized them not. — O'Donovan trans- 
lates this line "They left not the 



ANNALS OF TJLSTEE. 



255 



e man, and Fergus, son of Echa, king of Dalriata— 
died. The battle of Eighe^ [gained] by the men of 
gh over the Leinstermen, on the day of AUhallows, in 
ich were slain Cucongalt, king of Eath-inbhir.^ 
rmait son of Conaing, and Oonaing son of Dungal 
wo descendants of Conaing — and Maelduin, son 
Fergus, and Fogartach, son of Cumascach — two 
cendants of Cernach — were victors in the battle of 
;he.' 

The Leinstermen went on Samhain' 

To the house of a good man they loved not ; 

Desire of drink seized them not ;^ 

They remained on the brink of Kighe.' 

nech, son of Eistenach, steward" of Daimliacc, and 
linaisc TJa Ciarraighe, died. 

[!al. Jan. A.D. 781. Uarcridhe Ua Mailetoile ; Cormac 
of Bresal, abbot of Ard-Brecain and other monas- 
es ; Dubhtolarg, King of the Picts on this side of 
Qoth f Muiredach, son of Uargal, steward^ of la; 
:can Liffechaire ; Scannal Ua Taidg, abbot of Achadh- 
'on the festival of Comghall, in the 43rd year of his 
ernment) ; Ban[ban],° abbot of Cloenad f Aedhan, 
ot of Eos-Comain ; Ultan, steward of Bennchair, and 
domnach of Tuaim-da-ghualann^° — all died. The 



[781.] 



of drink " ( Ann. Four Mast., 
776). But this is clearly wrong, 
poet meant to convey that the 
' which remained on the brink 
le river Riglie could not have 
red from thirst. 

steward. Or House-steward. 

itiiTnti|^, for oeconomu]p, A., 
nd Clar. 49. 

lonoth. — One of the two moun- 
ranges in Scotland called the 
und," or " Mounth." See 
es' Adamnan, p. 387, note r. 



''Steward. — equommtj-p, MSS. 
The Four Mast, (at a.d. 777), have 
pTlioiia, or " Prior." See Eeeves' 
Adamnan, p. 365. 

' Ban\han.]. -ban, A., B. " Ban- 
ab," Clar. 49 ; which adds the title 
"Airchinn," for Airchinnech, "Heren- 
ach,'' or " Erenach." The name is 
written Banhhan in the Am. F. M,, 
which is probably the correct form. 

" Cloenad. — Clane, co. Kildare. 

1" Tuaim-da-gfiualann. — Tuam, co. 
Galway. 



256 



ccMMalcc ulccoti. 



bacall CC|^T;5a1le mic Cacail fiegif ConnacTic, pefiij- 
fiinario eiuf in fequenci anno a-o infolam lae. beL- 
lum Cuifiiaic in conpinio Cille Daiao in ui. jcalemjaf 
■pepcimbinf, refit;ia -pepia, ^z^'[i Rtia-oficdc mac 'Paelani 
7 b|ian mac 1Tltn)^eT>ai5, ubi ceciT)eiauni; TYItispon mac 
piainn t^ex.n. 1201151, 7 "OubTjaciaic mac t-aitignein, hi 
ppecup. ■Ruai'Dfii uiccop puic. bfian capT;iuuf'DticT:uf efc. 
jet. lanaiiT,. CCnno "Domini 7500.° locxoc." 11.° Occifio 
"Domnaillpilii piai^nia-o, 1115 .n. ^01151,1 cluain Conaijie 
TDael'DUiB 1 n-^eiflmniu. Oenguf mac Ciaunnmaib 
Foi 34aJ. abbaf T)oimliacc, 7 CCilill .h. TTippaici, 7 Suaifilec 
ancofiir;a celibyiip tiff moeia, 7 bacallac papienf 
Sencuae, 7 Domnall mac Ceicefinaig \iex nepocum 
Cayificon in clei^icat;u, 7 Recclaicen poBaip, fapienf, 
7 CCoifion ipapienf, 7 paebsup mac TJnuc^aile papienf 
Cluana ipaipTco, 7 pep^uf epifcopuf 'Doimliacc, 7 
becc mac Cumufcai^, omnef mopTJUi ipunt;. Combuipcio 
aiiiT) TTlacae 7 mai^i hGu ipaxonum. I^nif hopyiibilif 
T;oT;a nocre fabbaci, 7 t;onir;iautim, hi .1111. nonap augupT;!, 
7 uencuf magnuf 7 ualiT)iffimup Diftipuxit; monap- 
refiium cluana bponaig. beblum TJumai aca-o inT;eifi 
T)al nCCi^aiTie inuicem, in quo ceci-oir; pocaj^ira nepof 



1 ' Bachall ' of Artgal This is an 

idiomatic way of saying that Artgal 
assumed the pilgrim's staff (bachal= 
baculum). See a similar expression 
used in reference to Becc Bairdie, 
King of TJlad, at the year 706 supra. 
The obit of Artgal (whose victory in 
the battle of Magh-Dairben, over the 
Ui-Maine, is recorded above at the year 
777) is given under 790 infra. 

'la. — lona, in Scotland. 

^ Cuirrech The Curragh of Kil- 

dare. 

* In mutual combact. — Tii pfiecup,, 
A. B. Literally meaning "in re- 
sponse " (or " in opposition ''). The 
blundering author of the verfion in 



Clar. 49 makes a proper name out of 
hi -piaecufi, and writes " Duvdacrich 
Mc Laignen O'Frecar." 

° Cluain- Conaire-Maelduihh. — The 
^^ Cluain-Conaire^' (" Conar}''3 mea- 
dow") of Maeldubh, a saint whose 
festival is mentioned in the Martyr, of 
Donegal, under Dec. 18. Now Clon- 
currjs in the parish of the same name, 
barony of East Offaly, co. Kildare ; 
and not Cloncurry, in the barony of 
Ikeathy and Oughterany, in the same 
county, which was anciently known 
as Cluain-Conaire-Tomain. See the 
Felire of Oengus at Sept. 16, and 
Book ofLeinster, p. 43a. 

" /n geisUnne, — i nsei^rtinnni. 



AKNALS OF ULSTER. 



257 



jhall ' of Artgal/ son of Cathal, King of Connaught, 
his pilgrimage to the Island of la" in the following 
;. The battle of Cuirrech'* in the vicinity of Kildare, 
.he 6th of the Kalends of September, the third day- 
he week, between Ruaidhri son of Faelan, and Bran 
of Mniredach, in which Mugron son of Flann, King 
Ji-Failghi, and Dublidacrich son of Ladgnen, were 
1 in mutual combat.* Ruaidhri was the victor. Bran 
led away captive. 

-al. Jan. A.D. 782. The slaying of Domnall son of 
thniadh, King of Ui-Failghi, in Cluain-Conaire- 
Jduibh," in ' geislinne.'" Oengus, son of Crunmnael, 
3t of Daimliacc; Ailill Ua Tipraiti; Suairlech, a cele- 
.ed anchorite, of Lis-mor ; Bathallach, a wise man, of 
chua ; Domnall, son of Ceithernach, King of the Ui- 
:con, in religion j Rechtlaiten of Fobhar, a wise man ; 
on, a wise man ; Faelgus, son of Tnuthgal, a wise 
:, of Cluain-Iraird ; Fergus, bishop of Daimliacc,'' and 
3, son of Cumascach — all died. Burning of Armagh, 
of Magh-eo^ of the Saxons. Terrible lightning 
ng the entire night of Saturday," and thunder, on 
4th of the Nones of August ; and a great and mighty 
i destroyed the monastery of CIuain-Bronaigh. The 
le of Duma-achadh'" a,mong the Dalaraidhe them- 



[782.] 



. "in Geislitine," Clar. 49, 
" Geislinne " seems to be re- 
i as the name of a place. Dr. 
or, in liis ed. of these Annals 
!.), altogether misrepresents 
he text and its meaning. 

limliacc Duleek, co. Meath. 

affh-eo. — Mayo, in the county 
,yo. See notes 8 and 9, under 
ar 731, pp. 184-5 supra, 
iturday. — nocce •pabbaci. 
lated " night of Sunday," in the 
t from these Annals published 
Table of Cosmical Phenomena, 
eusus of Ireland for the year 



1851 (Part V., Vol. I., p. 57). The 
year 782 of this chronicle corresponds 
to the year 783 of the common 
reckoning, the Dominical Letter of 
which being E., the 3rd of August 
was Sunday, and the fourth of the 
Nones (or 2nd) of August was there- 
fore a Saturday. 

" Duma-achadh. — The "mound of 
the field." O'Donovan, observing 
that this name is written "Dunai- 
achaidh" [the gen. case], in the Annals 
of Ulster, identifies the place with a 
fort in the parish of Dunaghy, co. 
Antrim. Four Matt., a.d. 778, 
S 



258 



CCNMCClCC tllaT)tl. 



Conalca. OeUum Tii pejinae moeia incep, abbcrcem 7 
equommum, it) epc, Cacal 7 Pannachcac. tTloinach 
iiepop TTloinaig pex nepocum pibopum Cuaif, mac 
Pl^ai^niax) abbap Cluana peirca, mopuii punu. Scamac. 
Popup cano pcrcpicn hi CpuacniB, la Tdib-oaleiui 7 la 
■Cippaici pilitim 'Catvss- 
•^*- let. lanaip. CCnno Domini t)cc.° Ixcra." in." 'Reccnia 

abbap cluana mace 11 Moip obiic. mael'ouin mac 
Oeiigupa, pi cenel loigaipe, 7 Itinpechrac mac T)un- 
chaT)a, 7 Ciapan abb Haco maige oenaig 7 cige mopiniui, 
7 CCex)5al pi hUmaill, 7 Cepnac mac Suibne equonimup 
aiptcD TTlacae, 7 Coipenmec nepop Ppexieni pex nepoumi 
6cT)ac Ulaiu, 7 TTlaelcaec mac Cupcpair mum, 7 
Conall mac Cpunnmail abbap Lupcan, 7 Cusamnae 
mac Kloennenais pex genepip coipppi, omnep •oepuncci 
puiTC. Combupno CC^o T;puim. bellum pe n-T)om- 
nall mac CCex)0 muiiiDeipg pop cenel mbojame. 
Oacall 'Dunca'oo mic "Duibnacua-D, pegip nepouim 
TTlaine. piann epipcopup papienp, abbap innpe cam 
"Dego, ueneno mopT:ipicaT;up epr. bellum caipn 
Conaill in CCi-Dniu, ubi "Cippaici uiccop, 7 nepocep 
Piacpac UICU1. UigDal icip "Oonnchat) mac n'OonmaiU 



note ^ But "Duma-achadh'' is the 
form in A. and B. Clar. id haa 
"Duma-acha." 

' Ferna-mor. — Ferns, co. Wexford. 
This battle is not noticed in tlie Ann. 
Four Mast., the compilers of which 
generally omitted entries of this kind, 
apparently from a disinclination to 
notice events calculated to bring 
discredit on the church of which they 
were such devout members. 

^Son of Flaithniadh. — The cor- 
responding entry in the Ann. Four 
Masters, at a.d. 776, has Flaithniadh, 
son of Congal, and not mac Flaith- 
niadh, or " sou of Flaithniadh." 



^ Scamach Under the year 785, in 

the MS. Clar. 49, scamach is ex- 
plained by "scrtSes.'' But scamach 
seems connected with seaman, which 
in the "Lorica of Gildas" (Stokes's 
Old Irish Glossaries, p. 141,) appears 
to signify " lungs,'' cum pidmone being 
glossed cusiu seaman (" with the 
lungs."). See the same work, p. 150, 
No. 221. 

' Dubhdaleithi — Tipraiii, — The 
former was Archbishop of Armagh at 
the time, and the latter King of Con- 
naught. This entry seems to have 
been quite misunderstood by O'Conor 
and by the so-called ' translator ' of 



ANNALS OF tJLSTEK. 



259 



ilves, in which fell Focarta Ua Conalta. A battle ia 
erna-mor,^ between the abbot and the steward, viz : — 
athal and Fiannachtach. Moiuach Ua Moinaigh, Kina; 
i Ui-Mac-Uais, [and] the son of Flaithniadh,^ abbot of 
luain-ferta, died. The ' Scamach.'^ The promulgation 
I Patrick's ' Law ' in Cruachna, by Dubhdaleithi/ and 
y Tipraiti^ son of Tadhg. 
Kal. Jan. a.d. 783. Rechtnia, abbot of Clonmac- [ygs.] bii 
oise, died. Maelduin, son of Oengtis, King of Cinel- 
loeghaire ; Innrechtach, son of Dunchad ; Ciaran, abbot 
f Rath-maighe-oenaigh and Tech-Mofinnu; Aedhgal, 
ang of TJmhall; Cernach, son of Suibhne, steward of 
Lrmagh; Coisenmech Ua Predeni, King of Ui-Echach of 
Jladh ; Maelcaich, son of Cuscrad Menn ; Conall, son of 
)runnmael, abbot of Lusca, and Cugamhna, son of Noen- 
enach, King of Cinel-Coirpri — all died. Burning of 
Lth-truim. A battle [gained] by Domnall/ son of Aedh 
luinderg, over the Cinel-Boghaine. The 'bachall' of 
)unchad/ son of Dubhdatuath, King of Ui-Maine. 
I'lann, a wise bishop, abbot of Inis-cain-Dego, was piit 
death by poison.'' The battle of Carn-ConailP in 
udhne/ where Tipraiti'" was victorious, and the Ui- 
'iachrach were defeated. A royal meeting between 



lese Annals whose version is con- 
lined in Clar. 49. 

^ Domnall. — Originally written 
)orincTiaT) in A., but properly cor- 
icted to "OomnatU 

"The 'bachaW of Lunchad, — 
his is an idiomatic way of saying 
lat Dunchad assumed the ' bacuUim' 
• pilgrim's staff; in other words went 
1 a pilgrimage. See above, under 
le year 706, where a similar entry 
igarding Becc Bairche, King of 
lidia, is recorded ; and under the 
;ar 781, in connection with the 



name of Artgal, King of Con- 
naught. 

'' By poison. — uemno, A. 

' Carn-Conaill. — See under the 
year C48 supra, and O'Donovan's ed. 
of the Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 645, 
note X. 

^ Aidhne. — Tliis was the ancient 
name of a district co-extensive witli 
the diocese of Kilmacduagh, in tlie 
county of Galway. 

" Tipraiti King of Connaugiit at 

the time. His obit is entered under 
the year 785 infra. 

s 2 



260 



cci^Mcclcc ulcroti. 



7 ,Pacnae tnac nCCetio |ioen, occ 1nnp najijiis i 
n-aiprepu bifieg. 

Offi bfiig 

1n -Ddl occ 1nnfi na yiig ; 
"Oonnclicro ni ■oichec pojx muip,, 
Piactina ni cuiTjectic hi cqi. 

CC-DuencUf jieliquiquim :p^h^ Oipc a-o cioicaceiTi 
"Cailcen. 

[Ct. lanaip. CCnrio Domini -occ." Iccra." iiii." "Dunchcro 
nepof *Oaimeni ]\bx nepocum mccni, ITlaeloccariais 
Pol. 34 in mac Conaill cibbaf ciUe Cuilinn 7 ciUe TTlanac 
l^cyiiba, 7 TTlael'DUin mac pepgufa i"iex Loca ^abop, 7 
■poelgiif nepof Tloictic papioip, 7 ITlugrisepnT) mac 
CeUai5 papienp abbap Irinpe celrpae, 7 lopep .1l . 
■poileni papienp abbap bipop, 7 Utiai-opi mac ■paelam 
pex cupct;opiim tasmencitim, 7 Concobap mac Colgen, 
omnep pepiepunc. Commoracio peliquiaptim tllcani. 
OelUim TDuai'De; iibi Tippaici inccop puic. Gcai-o 
mac "Pocapraig, abbap 'Pocla'DO 7 iniipi Cpocpann, 
mopruup epu. Gllbpig abat;ippa cluana bponaig 
mopT;ua epc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCmio Domini 'dcc.°Ltxx.° u.° TTlael'DUin 
mac CCexia bennain pex Iplocpe, Scaiinlan mac piainn 



' Donnchad. — Jlonarch of Ire- 
land. 

' Fiachna. — King of Ulidia. His 
obit is recorded under the year 788 
iii/ra. 

' Inis-na-rigJi. — The " Island of 
the Kings." Some island off the 
N.E. coast of the county of Dublin ; 
probably one of the group near 
Skerries. 

• Of what. — Oppi, A. The Four 
Mast, write Cipi, which is un- 
doubtedly more correct. This stanza, 
which is not in B., is added in the 
lower margin of fol. 34a in A., with 



a sign of reference to the proper place 
iu the text. 

* Would not come,—m cuTOeclic 
is seemingly a raistakef or tiicuiT)chec, 
the proper form. 

" Of the son. — pL"i, for pilii, A. 
and B. Dean Keeves, however, 
prints '' filiorum Eire" (" of the sons 
of Ere "). Adamnan^ p. 387, note t. 

' TaiUiu (gen. raj7<ert).— Teltown, 
in the parish of the same name, 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Jleath. 
See Eeeves' Adamnan, p, 194, 
note d. 

' CiU-manach. — The Four Mast, 



AITNALS OF TJLSTEE. 



261 



Donnchad/ son of Domnall, and Fiachna^ son of Aedli 
Koen, at Inis-na-righ/ in the eastern parts of Bregh. 

Of what* effect 

Was the meeting at Inis-na-righ 1 
Donnchad would not go upon the sea ? 
Rachna would not come' ashore. 



Arrival of the relics of the son" of Ere at the city of 
TaiUtiu.' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 784. Dunchad Ua Daimeni, King of Ui- 
llaine ; ilaelochtraigh son of Conall, abbot of CiU-Cuilinn 
and Cill-manach," a scribe ; Maelduin son of Fergus, King 
of Loch-gabhor ; Faelgus Ua Eoichlich, a wise man ; 
Mughthigernd son of Cellach, a wise man, abbot of Inis- 
Celtra ; Joseph Ua Foileni, a wise man, abbot of Biror ; 
Enaidri" son of Faelan, King of all the Leinstermen, 
and Conchobar son of Coign — all died. 'Translation' 
of the relics of Ultan." The battle of Muaidh," where 
Tipraiti was victor. Echaidh son of Focartach, abbot of 
Fochladh and Inis-Clothrann,^- died. EUbrigh, abbess 
of Cluain-Bronaigh, died. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 785. Maelduin, son of Aedh Bennan, 
king of Ir-Luachaii' ;" Seannlan, son of Flann, king of 



[784.] 



[785.] 



(at A.D. 780=785) write " Oill-na- 
raanach," the "Church of the 
monks ; " now Kihiamanagh, in the 
barony of Crannagh, co. Kilkenny. 
For a weird story, regarding the 
transformation of human beings into 
wolves, through the curse of St. 
iSfatalis, patron of Kilnamanagh, see 
Todd's Irish Nennius, p. 204, note p, 
md Girald. Cambr. Topogr. Hibern., 
Dist. II., cap. 19. 

' Ruadri. — In the list of the 
Kings of Leinster contained in the 
Booh of Leinster, p. 39, coL 2, 
Ruadri is set down as next in suc- 



cession to Cellach son of Dunchad, 
whose obit is given above at the year 
775. 

'"UUan. -St. Ultan, patron of 
Ardbraccan, co. Meath. See above 
at the years 656 and 662. 

' ' Muaidh. — The Eiver Moy, in 
Connaught. 

'^ Inis- Clothrann. — Inishcloghran, 
an island in Lough Kee, in the Shan- 
non. The name is wrongly written 
inn-pi Citochjiann in A., B., and 
Clar. 49. 

" Ir-Luachair See note', p. 188 

supra. 



262 



cctiMCclcc nlccoh. 



Xit •h. px)5enci, 7 "Cippctin mac peiicaip obbay cUiana 
■peiTCa bpenamn, 7 Celiac mac moinai|, 7 T:ipi\aioi 
mac "Cai-Dss ]\t Connaclir, SneiDpia^ail abbaf cltiana 
mac lloif, Celiac mac Copmaic |ii aja-oae Ciannachca, 
moiiuinrup. llencuf maximuf in lanuap.10. InuiToacio 
in T)aip.inif. llifio T;eiiiiibilif hi cluam mac Woiip, 7 
poeniren-ia ma^na psja cooam hibei^niam. bellum 
inrep Oppai^e intncem, in cfiio ceciT)iT; flaelan mac 
■popbapai^. ■pebop'oaic abbap "oinlian nisulartip epc, 
7 nlT:ionem eiup (.1. "Cuileam, "DonnchaTi uicr:op puit;). 
Oellum LiacpinT) int:ep T)onnchaT) 7 ^enup CCexia plane, 
in quo ceci-oepuno piacpai mac Cauail, 7 pogapoac mac 
Cumapcai^ pex Loca jaBop, 7 'otio nepocep Conaing, id 
epr, Conaiijs 7 "Diapmaic. Oellum CenonT) luip .h. 
6cac [7] Conaille, in quo ceciDepunc Cacpue pex 
mu^-Dopnae, 7 HimiT) mac Cepnaig. Illopp 12opbapai5 
mic Secnupaij, pepp jencip bojaine. pepiJip que 
■Dicioup pcamac. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno TDomini 7)cc.° loacx." ui.° C0I55U 
mac Cpunnmail abbap Lupcan, Clemenp mac Copbbem, 
l_ep|up nepop pix)cain papienp cille TTlai^nenn, 
llobapxac mac m6inai§ equommup Slane 7 abbap 
cille "Poibpif, niuipcDac mac Carail abbap Cille Dapo, 



' Died. — niofiiruit, A., B. , (though 
O'Conor prints moiirui puiic). 
" moriuiitur," Clar. 49. 

- Dairinis. — " Oak-island." This 
seems to be the Dairinis, otherwise 
called Dairinis-ilaelanfaidh, from 
St. JIaelanfaidh, its patron; now 
known as Molana, an island in the 
southern Rirer Blaekwater, a couple 
of miles to the north of Toughal. 

= Tidlan. — Dulane, in a parish of 
the same name, barony of Upper Kells, 
and county of Meath. The original 
of the parenthetic clause is added in 
the margin in A. 



^Kilkd.— The Four Mast. (a.d. 
781^786) represent Faehordaith as 
having died naturally. See next 
note. 

^ And iJie avenging of him. — 7 vXr 
nonem eiup. This entry is very 
loosely given in the MSS. 

° Uonndiad. — Called " Donnchad, 
son of Murchad," by the Four Mast. 
(a.d. 781^786). But according to 
the Book of Leinster (p. 42 col. 1), 
the Donnchad here referred to was 
Donnchad (son of Domhnall, son of 
MuTchadh), King of Irelsnd at the 
time. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



263 



i-Fidhgenti ; Tipraiti, son of Ferchar, abbot of Cluain- 
:ta-Brenainn ; Cellach, son of Moenach ; Tipraiti, son 

Tadhg, King of Connaught ; Sneidriaghail, abbot of 
onmacnoise, [and] Cellach, son of Cormac, King of Ard- 
anachta, died.' A very great storm in January. An 
andation in Diarinis.'' A terrible vision in Clonmac- 
ise, and great repentance throughout all Ireland. A 
ttle between the Osraighe themselves, in which Faelan, 
n of Forbasach, was slain. Faebordaith, abbot of 
lilan/ was killed f and the avenging of him' {i.e„ at 
lilan f Uonnchad" was victor). The battle of Liac-find, 
tween Donnchad" and the race of Aedh-Slane, in 
tiich fell Fiachra son of Cathal, and Fogartach, son of 
imuscach, king of Loch-Gabhor/ and two descendants 
Conaing, viz. : — Conaing and Diarmait. The battle of 
iEond,* between the Ui-Echach [and] the Conaille, in 
hich Cathrae, King of Mughdorna, and Rimidh son 

Cemach, were slain. Death of Forbasach, son of 
3chnasach, King of Cinel-Boghaine. The plague which 
called ' scamach.'" 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 786. Colgu, son of Crunnmael, abbot 

Ua 
g^^^^^.^ , Robhartach 
n of Moenach, steward" of Slane, and abbot of Cill- 
)ibrigh ;'^ Muiredach, son of Cathal, abbot of CiU-dara ; 



Lusca; Clemens, son of Corbben; Lerghus 
dhcain, a wise man of Cill-Maighnenn ;'" 



[786.] 



Loch-Gabhor. — An ancient lake, 
g dried up \ now represented by the 
'nlands of Lagore Big and Lagore 
tie, in the parish and barony of 
toatb, CO. Meath. 

Cenond. — The site of the battle is 
t mentioned by the Four Mast. 

D. 784:). 

' Scamach.' — Written siawagJie in 
igeoghegan's Translation of the 
u. Clonmacnoise (at a.d. 783). See 
e % p. 258 supra. 
'Qill-Maighn^nn ; i.e., the Church 



of St. Maighnenn ; now Kilmainham 
near the City of Dublin. St. Maigh- 
nenn's day in the Calendar is Decem- 
ber 18. 

" Steward. — ecfuonimu-ip ( for 
oeconomuy), MSS. 

'^ Cill-Foibriffh.—'Wnttea " Kill- 
favar," in Clar. i9 ; but mcorrectly. 
O'Donovan thought to identify it 
with the place now known as Kil- 
brew, in the barony of Eatoath, 
CO. Meath. Four Mast. a.d. 768, 
note k. 



264 



CCMMalCC ulccoTi. 



Lomuuili epifcoptif CiUe -oapo, SneiT)b]\ctii epifcoptif 
Foi. 34 6a. ciUe "Dapo, CCl'Dcu ancopira Ha^o oinbo, ConaU mac 
Pxisaile pex nepo-tini ITlani, mopcm punc. beUiim 
iiTCep genup Conaill 7 e-ogain, in quo uicuop pint; 
TTlael'DUin mac CCe-oa al-o-oain, 7 T)omnaU tnac CCe-Sa 
tnuinT)eip5 m pujam ueppup epc beUum ^oli in 
quo nepocep bpiuiit uicui puno. Cacmu§ mac 
T)«inncoTai§, 7 T)ubTiibGip55 mac CaSail, inuicem 
ceciT)epunt;. "Dub-oaljaipenn abbap Cluana ipaiptj-D 
a-DUipicauic papuciam cpicae TTluman. (X'[i nepoDum 
Opniin htlmil apUD nepot;ep "Piacpac TTluippce, ubi 
omnep opami cipca pegem ■pLacgalum pilium pLan- 
nabpcrc ceci7)epunc. Recbrabpa mac T)ui15combaip 
abbap Gc-opoma obno. 
b- [Ct. lanaip. CCnno ■Domim T)Cc.° Ixxcc." uii.° ITIopp 

TTTlaebeTjUin mic CCexia alT)T)ain pepp int) poclai. 
ITIopp Cepnai^ mic Carail. llTopp eco^aile piln baic, 
abbcrcip Tnuccipi;. tuna pubpa pimilicuTDine pan^uimp 
in .X11. jCaleiToap tTlaprii. TTlacoac abbap Saigpe 
mopruup epc. Coluim mac ■paelgupa epipcopup Locpi 
vnopcuup epc. ITIopp 'guaipe mic Ttungalaij pegip 
nepooum bpium CualanT). "Oubxiacuau epipcopup 



' AMchu. —CCL'DCU, A. '• Allcliu," 
Clar. 49. The name is CCl.a'D'hcu 
(Aladhchu) in the Four Mast. (782). 

- Eath-oenho. — The " Fort (or 
Eath) of one cow." Not identified. 

^ Died. — mofi 2, for moiicuuj^ 
ere, A. and B. " mortui sunt," 
Clar. 49. 

■* Vi-Briuin. — There were several 
septs the tribe-name of which was 
Ui-Briuin (" descendants of Brian "). 
But the site of the battle (Goli) not 
having been identified, it is impossible 
to specify the sept here referred to. 

^ ^ Parochia.^ — ' Parochia ' (now 
understood as simply meaning ' par- 
ish '), was used in old Irish records to 



signify ' diocese ;' the corresponding 
(loan) form in Irish being pmiace. 
But as regards its use in the above 
context, Dean Eeeves observes "in 
monastic language a parochia was 
the jurisdiction of a Superior over 
the detached monasteries of the 
order." Adamnan, p. 336, note g. 

° Vi-Briuin of Umal — The de- 
scendants of Brian, son of Eochaidh 
Muidhmedhoin (King of Ireland in. 
the 4th cent.), who were seated in 
the 'Owles,' in the co. Mayo. Tlie 
prevailing surname in later times was 
(and is) O'Malley. 

^ Where all ube omnep, A. 

ubi liomiriep, B. Clar. 49, trans- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



265 



mthuili, bishop of Cill-dara ; Sneidbran, bishop of 
ll-dara ; Aldchu/ anchorite of Rath-oenbo," and Conall 
1 of Fidhgal, King of Ui-Maine, died." A battle 
fcween the Cinel-Conaill and [Cinel]-Eoghain, in which 
lelduin, son of Aedh Aldan, was victor, and Domnall, 
a of Aedh Muinderg, was put to flight. The battle 
Goli, in which the Ui-Briuin^ were defeated. 
Lthmugh son of Donncothaigh, and Dubhdiberg son of 
ithal, fell by each other. Dubhdabhairenn, abbot 
Cluain-Iraird, visited the ' parochia '' of the territory 
Munster. A slaughter of the Ui-Briuin of UmaP by 
e Ui-Fiachrach-Muirsce, where alF the noblest were 
bin around the king, Flathgal son of Flannabhra. 
jchtabra, son of Dubhchomair, abbot of Echdruim,^ 
ed. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 787. Death of Maelduin, son ef Aedh P^^.] bis. 
I dan, King of the Fochla." Death of Cernach, son of 
ithal. Death of Echtgal, son of Baeth, abbot of 
uccert. The moon was red, like blood, on the 12th of 
e Kalends of March. Macoac, abbot of Saigir,^" died. 
)lum, son of Faelgus, abbot of Lothra," died. Death of 
laire, son of Dungalacli, King of the Ui-Briuin- 
laland.'^ Dubhdatuath, a bishop, abbot of Bath- 



es "where all the chiefest;'' thus 
■eeing with A. 

Echdruim. — Aughrim, in the 
mty of Galway. 

Fochla. — This was a term for 
i northern part of Ireland, or pro- 
loe of Ulster. 

" Saigir ; or Saigir-Chiarain. — 
rkieran, in the barony of Ballybrit, 
Dg's County. 

' Lothra. — ^Now Lorrha, in the par - 
of the same name, barony of 
wei Ormond, co. Tipperary. 
' Vi-Briuin-Ctialand.— In his ed. 

part of these Annals, O'Conor 
ite (^) ad. an.) states that "the 



O'Byrne's of the co. of Wicklow 
were meant. But he was wrong. 
Ui-Briuin-Cualand was the tribe-name 
of « powerful sept descended from 
Brian Lethderg (descended in the 
fourth generation from Cathair Mor, 
King of Leinster), whose territory 
comprised the greater part of the 
present barony of Eathdown, co. 
Dublin, and a portion of the northern 
part of the co. Wicklow. The 
churches of Killiney, co. Dublin, and 
Delgany in the co. Wicklow, were 
included in this territory. See Shear- 
man's Loca Pcdriciana, p. 166. 



266 



ccMMalcc ulat)ti. 



abbaf iiaco CCi'do, paup ac. lex Ciapaim pop Con nachra. 
Combufcio "Oaipe calgai'o. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini -dcc." Ixxcc." uiii.° TTlopp 
ITliipsaile abbacip cUmna mctcc U Noip. pacnae mac 
CCe-Do poen, pex tlLcro, moiTCuup epc. -pe-Sac mac 
Copinaic, abbap lugmaix. 7 Slane 7 "Doimliacc, 7 
Sloise'oac pex ConaiUi, mopcui punu. Sopm^al mac 
6lax)ai5, pex Cnoxibai, in clepicacu obiir. ■peppugaiU 
epipcopup cluano T)olcain [obiit;]. Combnpcio CUiana 
ipaip-D-D in noci;e papca. Nix magna .111. jCalenTjap 
TTlaii. Concencio 1 n-apT) ITIacae, in cftia nisulacupepc 
uip in hopcio opauopii LapiT)ei. bellum incep Ulcu 
inuicem, in quo ceci'Dic Tomabcac mac CacaiL Gcui'o 
mccop puit;. Occipio cluano pepcae tnongain la 
Oengup mac THuspoin, in qua ceci-oic CCexi mac 'Comal- 
T;ai5, 7 opaT;opium combupcum. bellum incep piccop 
Foi.Sona. y^, Conall mac 'Cai-os uiccup epc 7 euapii;, 7 Conp- 
cancsin uiccop puir. bellum Clon^igi incep genup 
Gugaiti 7 Conaill, in quo genup Conaill ppopcpacum 



^ Ratli-Aedha. — Now Eahugh (or 
Eath-Hugh), barony of Moycashel, 
CO. Westmeath. 

^ The ' Law ' ofCiaran. — See above 
under the year 743 ; and Reeves' 
Cohon's Visitation, Introd., p. iv. 
Mageoghegan, in his translation of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise (at A,D. 
785), says " The rules of St. Eeyran 
were preached in Connaught." 

' Daire-CaJgaidh. — Derrj-, or Lon- 
donderry. 

' Cnodhba This name is now 

represented by Knowth, near Slane, 
CO. Meath. 

^ Cluain-Dolcain. — CIondalkin,uear 
Dublin. 

'Easter night. — In tiocce papcct 
A. "AtEaster eve/'CIar. 49. 



^Oratory. — In Clar. 49 this entry 
is translated " A contention in Avd- 
macha, wherein a man was killed 
with a stone in the ovatorie doovt." 

' Son of Calhal. — In the Ann. 
Four Mast, (at 787=792), Tomal- 
tach is stated to have been the ''sou 
of Innreachtach," which is supported 
by the entry in the List of the Kings of 
Ulad in the Booh of Leinster, (p. 41, 
col. 3), where the length of Tomal- 
tach's reign is given as 10 years. 
This notice seems out of place, if the 
entr}' in the Book of Zeinster is 
correct, which represents Tomaltach 
as reigning 10 years after Fiachna 
son of Aedh Eoen, whose obit is the 
second entry above given under this 
vear. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



267 



a/ rests. The 'Law' of Ciaran* over the Con- 
itmen. Burning of Uaire-Calgaidb.^ 
1. Jan. A.D. 788. Death of Murgal, abbot of Clon- 
oise. Fiachna, son of Aedh Eoen. Kins' of XJlad, 

Fedhach, son of Corniac, abbot of Lnghmadh, 
, and Daimliacc, and Sloighedhach, King of Conailli, 

Gormgal, son of Eladhach, King of Cnodhba,^ 
in religion. Ferfughaill, bishop of Cluain-Dolcain/ 
]. Burning of Cluain-Iraird, on Easter night." Great 
on the 3rd of the Kalends of May. A quan-el in 
Macha, in which a man was killed in the doorway 
e stone oratory.'' A battle among the Ulidians 
selves, in which Tomaltach son of CathaF was 

Echaidh" was victor. The destruction^" of Cluain- 
■Mongain/^ by Oengus/- son of Mugron, in which 
, son of Tomaltach, was slain ; and the oratory was 
3d. A battle among the Picts, where Conall son of 
g was vanquished, and escaped,^' and Constantine 
victor. The battle of Cloitech" between the 
1-Eoghain and [Cinel]-Conaill, in which the Cinel- 



[788.] 



haidh. — The son of the Fiachna 
i to in the last note. Accor- 
) the Boole of Leinsler list, he 
led Tomaltach, and reigned 10 

His obit is given at the year 
ra. 

istruction. — Occi-pyio, A. 
ited " burning," Clar. 49. 
min-feria-Mongain. — Probably 
or for Cluain-ferta-Mughaine, 
tilclonfert, in the barony of 

Philipstown, King's County, 

the territory of Ui-Failghe. 

ngus The name of Oengus 

Mugron appears in the list of 
ings of Ui-Failghe at this 

in the Booh of Leinster, p. 

3. 



'^ Escaped. — euay-yic, A. This 
battle is again referred to under the 
next year. 

" Cloitech. — The Four Mast, (at 
A.u, 784=789) have lomaittecc 
claroije (" battle of Claidech," 
which place O'Donovan, note d, ad 
an., identifies with "Clady, a small 
village on the Tyrone side of the 
Eiver Finn, about four miles to the 
south of Litford." A marginal note 
in MS. B. has K. Clecig la hCCe'o 
oijinise (the "battle of Cletech by 
Aedh Oirdnidhe "). But Cletech was 
the name of a place on the Boyne, in 
Meath, whereas the battle in question 
must have been fought in the north 
of Ireland. 



268 



ccMMCcloc ulcroti. 



efc, 7 'DomnaU euafic. Cornbuft;io mnfe cdin "Dejo. 
■pei|^5il abbaf CCcaix> boo mopT;uuf efc. beblum inceji 
Lasenenfep -Defsabaiia, in quo cecixiic Oenguf mac 
TTlupchcroa. belUim iriceii ConnaclTCa, it) epc T)i^oma 
50ife, quo ■poscciauccc mac Cacail uiccuf euay^it;. 
Sqiagei-^ luigne la .h. CCilello in CCca-o ablae. Sapugati 
bacLu 1fu 7 mmn pacjxaic, la 'Donnchax) mac 
ii-'Domnaill, oc i\aic aipcip a\x oenac. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno 'oomini 'dcc.° Ixxx." ^x.° ITlopi-^ 
11 oe abbacif Cmngaiia-D. Cotimac mac ■pepgaile, 
"Dungal mac Loegaitie abbap T>uin lecglaifi, TTlael- 
combaip abba^-^ ^linne va loca, maelcuile mac 
Oengupa, Sia-oail abbap T)uiblinne, Cmae'c mac 
CCnmchaTia jxi .1l. bacan, 'ComalT:ac mac Innjiechcai^ 
I'll T)al n-CCiiaTDe, moj^t^ui funr omnef. Oellum CCro 
tioif 116 n-Oaib CCilello -poifi Lui^niu, in quo ceci'Dic 
'Oub'oacuau mac piaic^Ufa, "dux ikc cyii v^oinnce. 
Combufno Gc'Di^oma mac n-CCexio. Comocacio peli- 
quicqium Coimgin 7 TTlocluiae mic 11 iusenon. Cae-oef 



^DomnaU The Domnall, son of 

Aedh Muinderg, King of the North of 
Ireland, referred to above at the year 
786. 

' Inis-cain-Dega. — Inishkeen, in 
the county of Louth. 

' Fergil. — The Four Mast. (a.d. 
784) style him an jeomeceifi ( " the 
geometer "). Regarding this remark- 
able man, see "Ware's Writers of 
Ireland (Harris's ed.), p. 49, and 
O'Conor'a Reriim Bibern. Script., 
tom. iv., p. 173. The so-called 
' translator' of these Annals in Clar. 
49 writes the name " Ferall," thus 
indicating his ignorance of the iden- 
tity of " Fergil the geometer " with 
the " YirgUius Solivagus " of his- 
tory. 



* Cathal. — Son of Muiredach of 
Magh-Ai (I^ing of Connaught), whose 
obit is entered above at the year 701. 

^ Luighni. — Otherwise called 
" Luighni-Connacht ; " a sept that 
gave name to the district now repre- 
sented by the barony of Leyny, co. 
Sligo ; known in later times as the 
country of O'Hara. 

° Ui-Ailella. — A tribe descended 
from Cian, son of OiliU Oluini, King 
of Munster in the second century. The 
territory occupied by this tribe is 
now represented by the barony of 
Tirerril, co. Sligo. 

' Ac?iaclh-aila.—T:he " Field of the 
apple-tree." According to the Life of 
St. Finnian of Clonard, contained in 
the Boole o/Lismore (fol. 26, page 1, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



269 



ill was overtlirowii, and DomnalP escaped. Burn- 
Df Inis-cain-Dega.^ Fergil/ abbot of Achadh-bo, 
A. battle between the South Leinstevmen, in which 
;us, son of Murchad, was slain. A battle between 
)onnaughtmen, i.e., [the battle] of Druim-Goise, from 
h Fogartach son of Oathal'' escaped, vanquished, 
laughter of the Luighni/ by the Ui-Ailella," in 
.dh-abla.' Dishonouring of the Bachall-Isu^ and the 
i of Patrick, by Donnchad,' son of Domnall, at Kath- 
ir,^" at a fair. 

xL Jan. A.D. 789. Death of Noe, abbot of Cenn- 
ih.^^ Cormac, son of Fergal ; Dungal, son of Loegaire, 
t of Dun-lethglaise ; Maelcombair, abbot of Glenn- 
icha; Maeltuile, son of Oengas ; Siadail, abbot of 
tilinn ;^- Cinaeth, son of Anmchad, King of Ui- 
lain, and Tomaltach, son of Innrechtach, King of 
raide — aU died. The battle of Ath-rois [gained] 
.he Ui-AileUa' over the Luighni," in which fell 
idatuath, son of Flaithgus, chief of the Three 
3s.^' Burning of Echdruim-mac-nAedha." 'Translation 
e relics of Coemgin and of MochuaMac-U-Lugedon. ^° 



[789.] 



.), there was a place called 
idh- abhall " in Corann [now 
rony of Corran], co. Sligo. 
chall-Isu. — " Baculus lesu," 
ime of St. Patrick's crozier. 
ne account of this remarkable 
ee Annals of Loch C'e, at a.d. 
ind Todd's Oiits, #c., of Chrht 
i, Introd., p. viii., sq. 
mnchad. — King of Ireland at 
le. 

•h-airthir.—The " Eastern Eath 
rt)." Now Oristown [in the 
of Morgallion, co. Meath], 
ing to O'Donovan, Four Mas- 
D. 784, note f. 
nngaradh. — Kingarth, in Bute. 

uhhlinn Dublin. The name 

;3 "black-pool." 



"Three Tribes — nacfii iptoititice; 
lit. the " three denominations." Pro- 
bably a variation of the term " Teora 
Connacht " (" Tripartite Conuaught," 
or " Three Connaughts "), applied to 
the three aboriginal septs of Con- 
naught, called the " Gamanraide of 
Irras [Erris]," the " Fur-craibhi," 
and the " Tuatha-Taidhen.-' See 
O'Flaherty-3 Ogygla, p. 175. Clar. 
49 render.s na cp,i •plomnce by 
"The Three Surnames." 

" Echdruim-mac-nAedha. — Augh- 
rim, in the par. of the same name, bar. 
and CO. of Roscommon. 

'^^ Mac-U-Lugedon. — "Son of the 
descendant of Lugedo." The names 
of other members of this family are 
mentioned at the years 780 and 800, 



270 



CCMHCCICC UloCOll. 



masrxx ULa-o la T)al ti-CCpaiT)e. bellum ConaiU 7 
CurTOtiT;in hic fcpiprum efc in aliif libiiip. 

let. Ian. CCnno Tjomini -dcc." xc." Cet^nadi mac 
muipe'Dais, "Pneccmapc epfcop lufcan, Cutunaifc 
mac Conaipaic abbap afi-o TTlacae, T)onn5al mac 
OocaUo pex na n-CCiiwep, QCv-zsal mac Cacail ^ex 
Connacc in hi, Soejabeiigs abbap cluana mace 11 
1 1 01 p,^ Cain com pace eppcop ■pinnslaippi, Sipne abbap 
Oenncaip, niinpe-Dac mac Oengupa ab ttipcan, omnep 
-Depuneci yvmz. bacaiU mac Zmvml mopcuup epc. 
CCmal-sai-D pex . tl . TTlani mop?:i:iip epc. beUum 
aipT) ablae, ubi ceciDic "Oiapmaic mac beicce pex 
■Cecbae, 7 pep^up mac CCilgaile uiccop pint;. Caccopcpa-o 
Fol. 35ai. pe Ti-T)onnchaD a Zmizy -du caipn mic Caipcin, pop 
CCex) nm^op, in quo ceciDepunc Cauab mac ec-oac pex 
nepocum Cpemcain, maelpo^apraic mac CCpqiac, 7 
"Domnall mac Col^en. T)niepcae mac mo5aT)ai5, 
ancopir:a, paupauic. 
■t>- [Ct. lanaipu CCnno -Domim -dcc." xc.° 1.° ITlaelpuain 

"Camla&ai, CCi'oain Rarain, CCe-oan . ll . Concumbii, 
epipcopi 7 mibcep Chpipci, in pace "Dopmiepunc; 7 
Soepmug Gnaig xiuib mopicup. bellum ppui^e Cluana 
apgai iibi ceciT)ic Cinaexi mac CCpcgaile, 7 TTluipsip 
mac Tomaltraig uiccop puic, 7 inicium pegni eiup. 



' Slaughter.— Caexity, A. CeT)ep, 
B. 

^ Conall and Constantine. — Conall 
son of Tadhg, and Constantine son of 
Fergus, Kings of the Picts of Fort- 
renn. The " Jugnlatio " of Conall 
is recorded under the year 807, and 
the death of Constantine (or "Ciis- 
tantin,'' as the name is generally 
•written in Irish texts) under 820 iii/ra, 

^ /re other iools. — in alip tibjiip, 
A. pecurTDum aliop tibfiop, B. 

* Conasach. — Called " Concas, de- 
scendant of Cathbath son of Echaid," 
in the list of the " Comarbs '' (or 



successors) of Patrick, in the Sooh 
of Lelnster, p. 42, col. 3. 

^^rt^a^— The assumption of the 
pilgrim's staff bj' Artgal is recorded 
above at the year 781, as well as his 
pilgrimage to the island of la, cr 
Hi-Coluim-Cille. 

» Ard-ahla The " height (or hill) 

of the apple tree.'' O'Donovan 
identifies this place with " Lis-ard- 
abhla," now Lissardowlin, in the 
parish of Templemiehael, co. Long- 
ford. Four Mast, a.d. 786, note q. 

' By JDonnchad.— fie nT)onnclio-D. 
The so-called 'translator' of these 



ANNALS OP ITLSTER. 



271 



great slaughter^ of the Ulidians by the Dalaraide. 
e battle of Couall^ and Constantine'* is written in this 
rce in other' books. 

Sal. Jan. A.D. 790. Cernach, son of Muiredach ; [790.] 
3ccmarc, bishop of Lusca ; Cudinaisc, son of Conasach/ 
Dot of Ard-Macha ; Donnghal, son of Bochall, King of 
s Airthera ; Artgal,^ son of Cathal, King of Con- 
ight, in la ; Saerberg, abbot of Clonmacnoise ; Caen- 
Qracc, bishop of Finnglais ; Sirne, abbot of Benn- 
lir, and Muiredhach son of Oengus, abbot of Lusca — 
died. Bachaill, son of Tuathal, died. Amalgaidh, 
Dg of Ui-Maine, died. The battle of Ard-abla," where 
irmait son of Been, King of Tethba, was slain, and 
[•gus son of Ailgal was victor. A destructive battle 
ined] by Donnchad/ from Tailtiu to Carn-mic- 
irthin/ over Aedh Ningor, in which were slain Cathal 
L of Echaid, King of Ui-Cremthain, and Maelfothart- 
h son of Artri, and Domnall son of Colgu. Dinertach 
L of Mogadach, an anchorite, rested. 

Ival. Jan. a.d. 791. Maelruain of Tamlacht,^ Aedhan [791.] ms. 
Rathin, Aedhan Ua Concumba, bishops, and solders 
Christ, slept in peace ; and Saermhugh of Enach- 
iih}° died. The battle of Sruth-Cluana-argai," where 
laedh, son of Artgal,^'' was slain, and Muirghis son of 
naltach was victor ; and the beginning of his [Muir- 



ils in Clar. 49, mistaking the 
jsition fie-li for a proper name, 
this battle " the battle of Ren." 
darn - mic - Cairthin ; i.e., the 
irn (or monumental heap) of 
;hin'3 son." This entry was 
Jy misunderstood by O'Conor, 
took Carn for a man's name ! 

Vamlacht Tallaght, eo. Dublin. 

Enagk-dubh ; i.e., the "Black 
h." Now Annaduff, in the 
h of the same name, eo. Leitrim. 



" Sruth-Cluana-argai. — The "river 
of Cluain-argai " (or " Cluain-arg- 
gaid," the nomin. form of the name 
as given by the Four Masters, A.D. 
787). The name Cluain-arggaid is 
now probably represented by that of 
Cloonargid, in the parish of Tibohine, 
county of Roscommon. 

"'Artgal — The Artgal whose obit 
is given at the year 790. See note ', 
p. 270. 



272 



CCMMCClcC ulCCOtl. 



beUum CCiiaT) maiccriiTne, tibi nepocer OCileUo ppo^- 
riaaci ptinr, 7 Concobari 7 CCip.echt;ac nepozey Ca^ail 
ceci'Depun-, 7 Cacmtis mac -plaicbeprais, T^ex Coippt^i, 
7 Cofiniac mac t)uiB-oacpic, 111 bpeipni, ceciT)eriiinc. 
Opefal mac piairiii i^ex 7)01 CCixai-oe, maelbpefail mac 
CCexio pin Criicain in .h. pacyiach, "Oonncorici riecc ■oal 
Riocai, Ca^mug ^aex Calpaiji, "Cerioc piiincepf Cor\ca5i 
mope, obiepunc. 

let. lanaip. CCnno tjomini -dcc." xc." 11.° 'Oub'oa- 
leiri mac Sinaic abbap m\m ITlacae, Cpunnmail 
"Opoma in apclann abbap CUiana ipaipT)T), Coipppi mac 
Lai'Dsnein pi laigen T)ep5abaip, T)oimt;ec ppincepp 
■Cpeoic moep, Cinaeti mac Cumupcaig abbap T)epmai5i, 
■piai^gel mac 'Caiclic abbap T)poma pauae, pepiepiinu. 
Lex Comam la CCil-oobup 7 TTIiiip^nip, pop ceopa 
Connaco. Lex CCilbi pop TYliimain, 7 op'DinaT;io 
CCpT:poi5 mic Ca^ail in pegntim ITlumen. Sapugati 
■painnelai^ la ^oprngal mac n-T)intiaTiai5, 7 eccup 7 
innpeT) aip-o TTlacae, 7 jmn -ouine ann la hU CpeiiTCain. 
Hecepno poiiToelail icepum 1 n-CCp-D-o TTlacae. Como- 
t;aT;io peliquiaptim 'Coli. 



' Reign. — i.e. as King of Connauglit. 
The death of Muirgbis is recorded at 
the year 814 in/fa. 

' Cathal—FToiahly Cathal, father 
of the Artgal mentioned at the j'ears 
781 and 790. 

^ Ui-Fiachrach. — O'Donovan states 
(Ann. Four Mast., a.d. 787, note u) 
that the sept of Ui-Fiachrach of 
Ardsratha (Ardstraw, co. Tyrone), is 
here meant. See Eeeves' Colton's 
Visitation, p. 9, note q. 

*Corcach-mor Cork, in Munster. 

'' DubhdaleitU. — In the list of the 
successors of Patrick in the Boole of 
Leinsier, p. 42, col. 3, Dubhdaleithi 
is stated to have ruled during 18 
years. Ware gives him only 15 years. 



" Drmm-Inasclainn. — Dromiskin, 
bar. and co. of Louth. 

'idfZAi/neM. --The words yii tanog- 
tiein, " King of Ladhgnen," are 
added in A. and B. , through an 
oversight. 

° South-Leinster. — Coirpri son of 
" Ladenen " is included in the list of 
Kings of Ui-Cennselaigh, in the Bool: 
of Leinster (p. 40, col. 1), where the 
length of his reign is given as 14 years. 

" Treoit-mor. — " Great Trevet." 
Now Trevet, in the barony of Skreen, 
CO. Meath, 

'° The ' Law' ofComan See above, 

under the year 779, for a record of 
the third imposition of this ' Law, 
'lex,' or tribute. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



273 



s] reign.^ The battle of Ard-mic-Rime, where the 
dlella -were overthrown, and Conchobar and Airech- 
, gi-andsons of CathaV were slain; and Cathmugh 
of Flaithbertach, King of Coirpri, and Cormac son 
lubhdacrich, King of Breifni, were slain. Bresal, son 
lathri, King of Dalaraide ; Maelbresail, son of Aedh, 
)f Crichan, King of Ui-Fiachrach ;' Donncorci, King 
•alriada ; Cathmugh, King of Calraighe, and Ternoc, 
rior of Corcach-Mor,* died. 

al. Jan. A.D. 792. Dubhdaleithi,° son of Sinach, 
it of Ard-Macha ; Crunnmael of Druim-Inaaclainn, 
it of Cluain-Iraird ; Coirpri son of Ladhgnen,'' King 
outh Leinsterf Doimtech, superior of Treoit-mor ;" 
.edh son of Cumuscach, abbot of Dermagh, [and] 
bhgel, son of Taichlech, abbot of Druim-ratha, died. 
' Law' of Coman,'" by Aildobur" and Muirghis, over 
three divisions" of Connaught. The ' Law' of 
be over Munster ; and the ordaining of Artri, son of 
lal, to the kingship of Munster. The profanation of 
idelach, by GormghaP" son of Dinnanach ; and the 
ing and spoiling of Ard-Macha, and the killing of a 
there, by the Ui-Cremthainn. Reception of Faen- 
ch again in Ard-Macha. ' Translation ' of the relics 
'ole." 



[792. J 



ildohur. — He was abbot of 
omain (Roscommoti). His obit 
sred at the year 799. 
'Aree Divisions. — See note ^^ 
the 3'ear 789 mpra. 
'ormghal. — In the Book of 
er, p. 42, col. i, Gormhgal is 
)ned as one of the three Air- 
chs (or " Herenachs ") who 
he office of abbot by force, and 
ire not commemorated in the 
See Todd's St.Patrick, p. 18L 
ime of Gormghal is not included 



in Ware's list of the Bishops of 
Armagh. But under the year 798, 
infra, he is stated to have imposed 
the ' Law ' of Patrick over Con- 
naught ; and in the entry of his obit 
at the year 805, he is described as 
abbot of Armagh and Clones. 

■* Tole See note" under a.d. 737 

supra. In the MS. Clar. 49, the 
words " Ep. Clunard " are added in 
the handwriting of Archbiahop 
Ussher. 



274 



ccNNCcla ula-oli. 



Foi 35 6a. jCt. lanaiifi. OCnno-oomini Dcc." ccc" 111." CCifieccac 
.n. paelcnn abbap aijiT) ITlacae, 7 CCppiac epipcopup 
aip-D TTlacae, in pace -DopmieiiunT; in una noctre- 
"Comof abbap Oenncaip, 1opep nepop Cepnae abbap 
cluana mace U Noip, obiepunc Caonia nepop ^uaipe, 
abbap 'Comae gpeine, 7 iepben banaipcinnec cluana 
Oaip,enn, paupauepuni;. lugulacio CCpcfiac pilii 
■paelain. Commocacio peliquiapium 'Cpeno. Slogaii 
la "Oonnchaxi av auxilium iajinencium conT:pa 
TTlumenenpep. llapr;aT;io omnium infolapum bpiT^an- 
niae a jeni^ilibup. InDpec imu5T)opnne ma^en la 
CCg'd mac Meill. 

]ct. lanaipi. OCnno "oommi tjcc." xc.° nii-° bpann 
aifix)T)cenn pex l,aj;enencium occipup epc, 7 pegina 
eiu-p, eicne inpn "Oomnaill TTlixie. pnpnechca 
cet;apT)epc, mac Ceallaij, occiT)it; eop hi Cill cule 
■Dumai in pexca nocce pope Icalen-oap TVlaii; ix» epc 
.1111. pepia. Occipio Cuinn mic 'Oonncha'Da hi epic 
Oa n-Olcan la 'Plann mac Congalaij. Lopca'o Rec- 
pamne 5einnT:iB, 7 8ci ■Dopepax) 7 vo lompaxi. 



^ Ua Faelmn ; i.e. descendant (or 
grandson) of Faelan. A later hand 
■ttTites aUtif pl^axjais (" alias 
Ua FJeadliaigh ''), as in B. Clar. 49 
has rieai. But the orig. text in 
A. agrees %vith the Booh of Leinster 
(p. 42, col. 3), in which Airectach 
Ua Faeldin is stated to have been of 
the Ui-Bresail (a sept which furnished 
many bishops to the See of Ar- 
magh), and his rule is limited to one 
year. The name of Airectach is not 
in Ware's list of the prelates of Armagh. 

^Abbess. — banal iaci n n ec. The 
Four Makers seem to have misunder- 
stood this entr}', if thej' copied it 
from the original of these Annals, 
as out of Le]\ben banailicinnec 
they make teaixbaiiban aiTiciiTD- 
each (" Learbanbhan, airchinneach," 



as O'Donovan renders it, F. M. 789). 
But the ofBce of airchinnech^ as 
O'Don. himself has explained (Sujipl. 
to O'Reilhj in Toce) was an office 
filled by one of the male sex, whereas 
banairchinnech is Latinized '' antesti- 
ta " (for "antistita") in the StGall MS. 
(p. 66 a). Clar. 49 has " Lerben, the 
abbates of Cluan Bairenn." Besides, 
Cluain-Bairenn (now Cloonburren,in 
the barony of Jloycarn, co. Roscom- 
mon) was undoubtedlj' a nunnery at 
this time. O'Conor, of course, also 
misunderstood the entr}'. 

^ By Gentiles.— a j^e'icibup, B. 
The Annals of Clonmacnoise, at a.d. 
791, say "by the Danes." 

* Mughdorna Mughen — Now re- 
presented by the barony of Cremorne, 
in the county of Monaghan. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



275 



£al. Jan. a.d. 793. Airectach Ua Faelain,^ abbot 
ird-Macha, and Affiath, bishop of Ard-Macha, slept 
Deace on the same night. Thomas, abbot of Benn- 
ir, [and] Joseph Ua Cema, abbot of Clonmacnoise, 
1. Cathnia Ua Guaire, abbot of Tuaim-greine, and 
ben, abbess^ of Cluain-Bairenn, rested. The killing 
^Lrtri, son of Faelan. ' Translation ' of the relics of 
m. A hosting by Donnchad, in aid of the 
Qstermen against the Munstermen. Devastation 
ill the islands of Britain by Gentiles.' Devastation 
iIughdorna-Maghen^ by Aedh,' son of Niall. 
[al. Jan. A.D. 794. Brann Ardcenn," King of the 
Qstermen was slain, and his queen,- Eithne, daughter 
3omnall of Meath, Finsnechta ' Cethar-derc,''' son 
IJeUach, slew them in Cill-chuile-duma,° on the sixth 
it after the Kalends of May, i.e., the fourth day of the 
k. The killing of Conn, son of Donnchad, in Crich- 
n Olcan,' by Flann son of Congalach. The burning 
!,echi-a by Gentiles, and Sci'" was pillaged and wasted. 



[793.] 



ledh.- Aedh Oirdnidhe, whose 
sion to the sovereignty of Ire- 
is noticed under the year 796 
He was the son of Niall 
ch, King of Ireland, whose obit 
)rded under the year 777 supra, 
'rann Ardcenn. — " Bran of the 
head (or forehead "). The 
son of Muiredach, mentioned 
under the year 781. See note*. 
'.thar-derc. — " Of the four eyes." 
ixt note. 

'M-chuile-duma. — The " Church 
il-duma." O'Donovan rashly 
Its {Four Mast.,A.T>. 790, notel), 
lis was probably the place now 
Kilcool, in the bar. of New- 
co. Wicklow. But in the 
\f Leinster list of the Kings of 
er (p. 39, col. 2), Bran Ardcend, 
Muredath, and his wife, are 
to have been "burned" in 



Cill-cule-duraai, in Laii/his -chuile , 
which was a district in the present 
Queen's County. 

" Crich- Ua-n Olcan. — The " terri- 
tory of the Ui -Glean.'' O'Donovan 
states {Ann. F. J/., a.d. 790, note m), 
that this was the name of " a small 
district in Meath." But he does not 
give any authority for the statement. 
'° Sci The Isle of Skye, in Scot- 
land. The text of this clause in A. 
and B. has vcjai (with a "punctum 
delens " under the letter fi) •Doycp.a'D 
[evidently for ■do co-pcp-ax)] 7 do torn 
Ifia'D, "Sci (Skye) was pillaged and 
wasted." For I'd (Skye) the Four 
Masters (at a.d. 790), have a 
■Sccfiitie ("its [Rechra's] shrines"), 
which seems an error. The compiler 
of these Annals evidently meant to say 
that Skye was pillaged and wasted. 

T 2 



[791.] 



276 



aNNccLcc ulCCTlll. 



■poinT)elach (mac meanaig) abbaf aijaDD TYlacae 
fubica moiice pefinc. TTluiaca'D mac l-'efia'Dais, "Cip- 
paici mac 12eificaiii o cloni peyfca bpenamri, guaifie 
n. 'Cipyiaici ab CLuana poca, obieixunc. 

jet. lunaip,. CCnno X)omiTii 'dcc.° xc.° u.° "OubLii;i;ip 
■pniiiSlaii^fi, 7 Colggu nepo)- "OuiiiecT)o, OLcobufi mac 
■pLainn pilii Gipc, i^ex TTluman, i^cpibae 7 epifcopi 7 
aricoifiicae, xioiimieiiunT;. Oppa pex bonuf CCTiglopum 
mopr;uup eyv. Gquommup aiyiDti tTlacae, 6cu mac 
Cepnaij, moyicuuf eye inmacupa mopce. 8encati abbap 
CilLe acaiT) Dpoma poca 7 bipop, 7 Suibne abbap CCca 
cpuim, 7 ITloenac mac Oenguj-a pecnap Lupcan, omnep 
obtepunc. imac Pep55[u]pa pi -h. mOpiuin, "Duinecaixi 
Foi. 35 6J. hoa "Oaipe x»ux CiappaiDe, mopcui punc Cac GCia 
pen, ubi TTluipsip euapic. Clotcu epipcopup 7 anco- 
pica Cluana ipaip-o in pace quieuit;. 

^t. lanaip. CCnno T)omini •dcc.° xc.° ui.° TTlopp 
■DonnchaDa (mic "DomnaiU) pegip 'Cempo 7 Innpech- 
T;ai5 mic "OomnaiLL ppacpip eiup. 

chup ■Domain cmlla cam, 

U . mile blia'Dan bopppa'Daig, 

1 pop ip pec peipig pin, 

Co clop ec •oeig mic X)omnaill. 

Cumupcac mac pogapcais, pex ■oeipceipc bpeg, in 
clepicacu ; l^oceclicac Cpoibe, 7 TDuipeDac mac piainn 
gapaT), pex gencip mic Gpcae, 7 CpunmaeL mac 
pip-oacpic, 7 Cupoi mac Oengupa pex genepip Loisaipe, 



' Maenach The form of the name 

(in the genit.) in A. ami B. is 
Tneaiiai5,Cnomin. lUeanach). But 
in the Book of Leinster list (p. i2, 
col. 3), it is riloenais, in the genit. 
form ; nomin. Tlloenacti. 

■- iJubUittir See above at the year 

779. 
3 Of Munster. — Tlltlitieti, A. ; 

ITluriian, B. 



' Offa. — King of the Mercians. His 
death is recorded in the Anglo- 
Saxon Chronicle at the year 7Ui, 
and again at 796, which latter is the 
correct date. 

* Cili-achaidh of Vruim-fvta — ■ 
Killeigh, in tne barony of Geashill, 
Iving's county. 

° Ath-truim. — Trim, co. Meath. 

' Ciarraidhe, — The Four Masters 



AWWAL8 OJ* ULSTER. 



277 



ndelach (son of Maenach'), abbot of Ard-Macha, died 

denly. Murchadh, son of Feradhach ; Tipraiti, son 

Ferchar, from Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and Guaire Ua 

raiti, abbot of Cluain-fota, died. 

[al. Jan. A.D. 795. Dubhlittir^ of Finn-glais, and [795.] 

^u Ua Duinechda, Olcobhur, son of Flann, son of 

, King of Mnnster,^ [and] scribes, and bishops, and 

horites, 'fell asleep.' OfFa,* a good king of the English, 

1 Echu, son of Cernach, steward of Ard-Macha, died 

untimely death. Senchan, abbot of Cill-achaidh of 

lim-fota," and of Biror, and Suibhne, abbot of Ath- 

Lm,° and Moenach, son of Oengus, vice-abbot of Lusca 

U died. Mac Fergg[u]sa, King of Ui-Briuin, [and] 

inechaidh Da Daire, chief of Ciarraidhe,' died. The 

tie of Ath-fen,^ where Muirgis got off. Clothcu, bishop 

[ anchorite of Cluain-Iraird, rested in peace. 

ial. Jan. A.D. 796. Death of Donnchad (soa of [79G.] 

mnall). King of Tara, and of Innrechtach, son of 

mnall, his brother. 

From the world's beginning, meanings fair, 

Five thousand momentous years. 

Here in happy way it was, 

'Till the death of Domnall's good son was heard. 

nuscach, son of Fogartach, King of the South of 
;gh, in religion; Rothechtach of Croebh, and Muire- 
h, son of Flann Garadh, King of Cinel-Mic-Erca, 
[ Crunmael son of Ferdacrich, and Curoi son of 



L.D, 791) write this name "Ciar- 

le-Ai," the ancient name of a 

ictnearCa3tlereagh,in the coimty 

toscommon, subsequently known 

lann-Keherny. 

l<A-/en,— Probably the " Ath- 

" in Ciarraigi- Ai (see last note)i 



Lehor 



kUidre, p. 



mentioned in 
216. 

° From. — The original of these 
lines (which is not in B.) is in the 
top margin of fol. 35 b in A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
it should be included in the text. 



278 



aNMala ulcrot). 



7 CCilmeT)aii;i equonimtif cliiana rrnc Moif, omnef 
moriT;ui fum. bellum "Ofioma fii^, in quo ceci-oeriunc 
■DUO pin TDomnaiU, it) efc, pinfiieclim 7 T)iariTnaic 
ho-ouifi pjiacefi euif, 7 Pntnechca mac poUamain, 7 
abi TTiiiln qui non numeriar;! i^unc. CCeti mac MeiU 
pilii Ipeiisaile uiccoyi puir;. 

Cia T)Oi\ocaiTi (Xet) la "Domtiall, coy^ca|v cicati ; 
Pill CCet) ptin pia 1 cac "Orioma 1115 fio hicau 

Comsal plia mupco^a, abaciffa cige t^t^uice CiUe 
"oario, -Dopmiuic. Uarcariio TDi'di la CCexi mac MeiU 
■ppafaig, 7 inicium pesni eiuf. 

]Ct. lanaifi. CCnno "oomini t)cc.° xc.° uii.° 6uT)Uip 
nepof "DicoUa, abaf CiUe •oapo, moficuur efc. Com- 
bufcio iTife pacifiaicc genncilS, 7 bojaime na cjiic vo 
hfiem, 7 ipcpin "Doconna vo bp-ifeaxi ■ooaiB, 7 iTiTiiaeT)a 
maf^a "ooaib cene, eicip Gifiinri 7 CClbain. poyiinnan 
Imleco pi a, 7 CotTomac mac TTIuiiame'Do nepof ^uaifie 
Oi'oni, pcpiba Cluana mic Moif, pepiepunc 



' Ailrmdhair. — O'Conor misprints 
tlii3name"4ffine-^Doi>e[Derrensis]," 
talking Ai/ine (rect^ Ailme) as the 
full name, and daire (recte dhair) as 
representing Derrensis (" Derry "). 
Clar. 49 gives the name, as it would 
be pronounced, " Ailmear.'' 

' Dritint-righ. — " Dorsum regis,' or 
the " King's ridge. O'Donovan 
(^Ann. Four M., A.D. 793, note w) 
identifies this place with Drumree, in 
the barony of Ratoath, co. Meath. 

' Odur. — Translated " yellowe," in 
Clar. 49. 

* That are not numbered. — So in 
Clar. 49. The original of this clau.sc 
is not in B., which goes to prove that 
the so-called translator of Clar. 4!) did 
not follow the text of MS. B. 

'A'^dh; i,e., Aedh Oirdnidhe, son 



of Niall Frasach, King of Ire- 
land. 

'Aedh: i.e., Aedh Allan (or Aedh 
Aldan), as a gloss over the name 
indicates. He was King of Ireland, 
and was slain (see above under the 
year 742) by Domnall, son of Mur- 
chad, who succeeded him in the 
sovereignty. 

^Domnall. — A gloss over the name 
in A. has mac mu-p-cba-oa ("son of 
Murchad"). Sc« '"st note. These 
lines (which are not in B.) are written 
in the lower margin of fol. 35 b in 
A., with a marli of reference to the 
place where they should be inserted 
in the text. 

» Tech-aruithe The 'translator' in 

Clar. 49 renders this term by "house 
of the wise." Bat over the word 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



279 



igus, King of Cinel-Loeghaire, and Ailmedhair/ 
wa,vd of Clonmacnoise — all died. The battle of Druim- 
h/ in which were slain two sons of Domnall, viz. : 
isneehta, and Diarmait Odur,° his brother, and Fins- 
hta, son of Follaman, and many more that are not 
nbered." Aedh,° son of Niall, son of Fergal, was 
tor. 

though. AedL° was slain by Domuall,'' a fierce triumph; 
3y the time, fair Aedh," in the battle of Druim-righ/ it was 
avenged. 

adal, daughter of Muruhadh, abbess of the Tech- 
iithe" in Cill-dara, slept. The wasting of Midhe by 
dh/ son of Niall Frasach,^ and the commencement of 
1 reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 797. Eudus Ua Dicholla, abbot of 
[1-dara, died. Burning of Inis-Patraicc" by Gentiles ; 
d they carried off the preys of the districts ; and the 
cine of Dochonna was broken by them; and other 
5at devastations" [were committed] by them both in 
aland and Alba. Forinnan of Imlech-Fia" and 
indmach, son of Muirmidh," descendant of Guaire 
dhne," scribe of Clonmacnoise, died. 



[797. 



rrise," an old hand, probably 
sher'a, has written " q. flre," ? 
ch-aitdthe means " house of se- 
irs." 

' Frataeh. — pifia-paig (the gen. 
mof pfia^acTi," of the showers"), 
Jed in B. See note ', p. 169, 
te ■■', p. 230, and note ', p. 248, supra. 
'° Ms-Patrcdcc. — " Patrick's Is- 
id." O'Donovan thought this was 
. Patrick's Island, near Skerries, 
. Dublin. Four Mast., A.D. 793, 
te y. But Dr. Todd understood 
iel, in the Isle of Man (which was 
iclently called Insula Patricii), to 
,ve been intended. Cogadh Gaed 



hel re Gallaibh, Introd., xxxY. 
note '. 

'1 Great devastations. — intlT)- 
lT,et)a Tnafia. Wrongly translated 
" the spoyles of the sea," in Clar. 49, 
and also by Todd, Cog. Gaedhel, &c. 
Introd. p. XXXV. 

" Imkch-Fia. — See nole ^ p. 194 
supra. 

" Of Muirmidh. — ITluifimeTio, A. 
B. The Ann. Four Mast, (at A.D. 
793) have the name in the genit. 
form buifiboclia ; the nomin. of 
which would be buvxbocJia. 

^^ Guaire. Aidhne. — 0\Tim, in A. 
and B. See note ', p. 118 su^ira. 



280 



aNNttla tila"Dti. 



|Ct 1anai|i. CCnno T)Otnini -dcc." xc.° uiii.° bellutn 
"Ouin samba inceyx Connacca inuicem, ubi Cofctiac 
mac "DiuriTi, 7 ^aipceT)ac, 7 aln mulci ceciT)epnT;, 7 
TTIuiTXBir mac 'Comalcais uicTOfi fwv. bellum 
Pinnubyiac hi Tecbai, ubi i^ejeip mulci occifp funt;, 
Foi 36 an. TD 6ft;, 'PeTistir mac aigaile, Cofcapac mac Ceicerinaic, 
Tve^ep sGTieriir Coippfi .1 . -Oiibinnrxechc mac OCr^csaile 
7 m u r\cb ai) m ac Con t)m ai 5. m u r\cb a-o m ac T)om 11 ai U 
uiccop ipuiu, 1u5Ular;io bla^mic mic ^uai^e, abbacif 
Cluana yioza boecain, IDaeltiuanais 7 12ollamain 
pibif T)onnchaT)a. Mia; magna in qua mulci hominef 
7 pecopa peyiieriunT;. "DomnaLl mac T)onnchaT)a •oolofe 
a piT-arpibuf fuif lugulacuip eyv. ■pepaTiac^mac Segeni, 
abbap Reciriainne, obnc. CCnaili abbaf cLuana mic 
Noif, CeicGiinac abbaf ^Linne •oa loca, 7 Siafial . h . 
Comain abbaf Cille acaixi, 7 Pannaccac pepnann, 7 
Suibne Cille •oeilsje, 7 bfieiflen beifif e uiT;am pniejfiunc, 
In-D lamcomaiit; hi feil TTIiceil, -oia n-eppeT) in cene 
7)1 mm. Lex par^fiicn po]! Connacca, la ^opmgal 
mac T)inT)at;ai5. CC1I1LI mac Imipechcais, pea; .h. 
TTlaine Connacht;, mopcuup epc, T)unplaic pilia 
piaicbepcai5 mic Loi[n]5pic ■oopmiuic 

jet. lanaip. CCnno "oomim 7)cc.° xc.° ix." (Xipmea^ach 
abbap benncaip, Connlae mac CCpcgaile, CCil'oobup 
abbap poip Comain, TTlimcenaca abbap ^limie va loca, 



' Dun-Ganiba. — " Dun-Gainbhe," 
in the Ann. Four Mast., a.d. 794. 

''Themselves — inuicem, A., B. 
The corresponding word in the Ann. 
Four Mast, is pepin, " them- 



' Muirghis. — King of Connaught 
at the time. 

■* Finnabkaii: — Supposed to be the 
place now called Fennor, in the 
parish of Kathconnell, bar. of Moy- 
ashel and Magheradernon, co. West- 
meath. 



• Murchad. — The Four Mad. (a.d. 
794) write the name " Muireadhach.'' 
The death of a " Muiredach son of 
Domnall, King of Meath," is entered 
at the year 801 infra. 

^ Cluain-fota-Baetain\ i.e., '*Bae- 
tan's long meadow." Now Clonfad, 
in the barony of Farbill, co. West- 
meath. 

' Rechra. — Genit. form " Eech- 
rann,' or " Eechrainne." This was 
the old Irish name of Bathlin Island, 
off the coast of Antrim, and also of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



28] 



Kal. Jar. A.D. 798. The battle of Dun-Ganiba^ 
it ween the Connaughtmen themselves,^ in which 
j.scrach, son of Donn, and Gaiscedhach, and many 
hers, were slain ; and Muirghis," son of Tomaltach, 
IS victor. The battle of Finnabhair' in Tethba, where 
any kings were slain, i.e., Fergus son of Algal, 
jscarach son of Ceithernach, [and] the Kings of Cinel- 
)irpri, viz., Dubhinnrecht son of Artgal, and Murchad 
n of Condmach. ilurchad,' son of Domnall, was 
ctor. The killing of Blathmac, son of Guaire, abbot 

■ Cluain-fota-Baetain,*^ by Maelruanaigh and FoUaman, 
ins of Donnchad. Great snow, in which great numbers 
' men and cattle perished. Domnall, son of Donnchad, 
as treacherously slain by his brothers. Feradhacb, 
in of Segeni, abbot of Rechra,' died. Anaili, abbot of 
lonmacnoise ; Ceithernach, abbot of Glenn-da-locha ; 
adhal TJa Comain, abbot of Cill-achaidh;*' Fiannachtach 
" Fema ; Suibhne of Cill-delge, and Breislen of Berre," 
ided their lives. The ' lamchomairt ''" on the festival 

' St. Michael, of which was said the " fire from Heaven." 
be 'Law ' of Patrick" over Connaught, by Gormgal," son 

■ Dindatach. Ailill, son of Indrechtach, King of Ui- 
aine of Connaught, died. Dunflaith, daughter of 
laithbertach," son of Loingsech, 'fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 799. Airmedhach, abbot of Bennchair ;" 
annla, son of Artgal; Aildobur/' abbot of Ros-Comain, 



[798.] 



[799.] 



.mbay Island, off the coast of the 
Dublin ; and it is uncertain which 
these islands, in each of which 

ire was an ecclesiastical establish- 

;nt of Columbian foundation, is 

-e meant. 

' CUI-achaidh. — -Killeigh, in the 

■onj' of Geashill, King's county. 

' Breislen of Berre — See under 

I year 778 lupra. 

'° ' Lamchomairt.' — See above 

ler the year 771; p. 240, note '. 



" The Law of Patrick. — See under 
the years 733, 736, 766, and 782 
supra ; and Reeves* Cotton's Visita- 
tion, Introd., p. iv., sq. 

^^ Gormgal — See above, under the 
year 792. 

" Flaithiertach King of Ireland. 

Hi3 death, " in clericatu," is recorded 
under the year 764 supra, 

'■" Bennchair. — Bangor, co. Down. 

" Aildobur. — See under the year 
792. 



282 



aNNalcc ulccroTi. 



peril eifiunt;. loinsfec mac pacnae, abbaf 'Oiiin lei- 
Slaiffi, CoiTomac mac T)onic abbaip Coficaise mofie, 
pepieriunc. Pei|i5il nepof Zmv^, fctiiba lufcan, 
■Dotimiuic. CCiliU mac peiisufa, ^lex -oeirceiiic bpeg, 
Cjiaieccuip ©r^ 'oe equo puo in cifxcio \ie^\6 pbi Cuibmi 
luY^can, 7 concinuo movicuuf efc. belliolum incep 
Senur loi^mifie 7 genur CCtiD-ngail, m quo ceciT)ic 
pansalac mac •Dunlamse. Conall mac MeilL7CoTi- 
Salac mac CCensufa uiccopef epanc, caufa mve\i- 
pecT^ionif ■pfiariitr fui, i-o eyz paeLbi. poficio ]ieLi- 
quiapum ConlaiT) hi rerun oiii. arisaic. CaTCOfcriati 
iciri na hCCiriceriu inuicem imTTlais lingfen, ubi 
ceci-Deriuncmaeloccajiaic abbaf "Oairve eicni5,7 Conmal 
mac Cerinaig 

[Ct. lanairi. CCnno ■oomini -dccc." poi^icio riebqui- 

arium Ronaen plii bepic in arica a\i]\\ 7 apsenci. 

Foi. 36 ab. -peiTjlemTD . h . lusa-Don, abbar^ cluana "Dolcan, 

mopT^uui^ efc. Oellum inceri tllt;u 7 nepoT:er' Gc'oac 

CoBo, in quo ceci'Dir; ecu mac CCileUa pex CoBo, 7 



^Dun-lethglaise. — Downpatrick, co. 
DoTTn. 

' Ccrrcach-mor ; i.e., the " Great 
marsh." Cork, in Munster. 

' On the festival of Mac Cuilinn.— 
The obit of Mac Cuilinn (whose real 
name was Cuinnidh), patron of Lusk, 
CO. Dublin, is recorded under the 
year 497, supra. His day in the 
Calendar is September 6. 

'A JaMfe. — belliolum, A., B. 
The corresponding word in the Ann. 
Four Mast, A.0. 795, is lotnaijiecc, 
a "conflict," or " encounter." 

' His brother, i.e., Failbhe — 
Failbhe was apparently the brother of 
Fiangalach, who was slain in this 
battle, and therefore son of Dunlaing, 
chief of Cinel-Ardgail, whose obit is 
reconled at the year 746, sujyra. 



" Conlaed. — First bishop of Kil- 
dare. His obit is given above under 
the year 591. Regarding the shrine 
in which his relics were placed, see 
ftlessiugham's Florilegiwn, p. 199, 
and Petrie's Round Towers, pp. 194- 
201. 

• Airthera. — A tribe inhabiting a 
district the name of which has been 
Latinized " Orientales," and " Regie 
Orientalium." The territory of this 
tribe is now represented by the 
baronies of Lower and Upper Orior, 
in the " east " of the county Armagh. 

» Magh-Lingsen.—Ihe " Plain of 
Lingsen," Obviously some plain in 
the district now forming the baronies 
of Orior, in the co. of Armagh. Not 
identified. 

» Daira JUitJtnigh. — O'Donovani 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



283 



md] Mimtenacha, abbot of Glenn-da-locha, died. Loing- 
;ch, son of Fiachna, abbot of Dun-lethglaise ■' Condmach, 
)n of Donit, abbot of Corcach-mor,= died. Fergil Ua 
'aidhg, scribe of Lusca, slept. Ailill son of Fergus, King 
f the South of Bregh, was thrown from his horse on the 
istival of Mac Cuilinn'' of Lusca, and died immediately. 
. battle* between the Cinel-Loeghaire and Cinel-Ardgail, 
1 which Fiangalach, son of Dunking, was slain. Couall 
m of Niall, and Conghalach son of Aengus, were victors 
In account of the killing of his brother, i.e., Failbhe' [it 
-as fought]. The placing of the relics of Conlaed" in a 
irine of gold and silver. A destructive battle among 
le Airthera' themselves, in Magh-Lingsen," where 
[aelochtaraigh, abbot of Daire-Eithnigh,'' and Conmal, 
m of Cernach, were slain. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 800. The placing of the relics of 
^onan,'" son of Berach, in a shrine of gold and silver. 
eidlimid Ua Lugadon," abbot of Cluain-Dolcain,'" died. 
. battle between the Ulaid and the Ui-Echach-Cobho," 
I which fell Echu, son of Ailill, King of Cobho. And 



[800.] 



llowiDg the Martt/i: Donegal at 
)vember 3, and a note in the Fel're 

Oengus at the same date, which 
ite that there was a " Doire (or 
iire)-Ednech," otherwise called 
)aire-na-fflann," in Eoghanacht- 
.isil, identifies this place with 
I townland of Derrynavlan. in the 
rlsh of Graystown, barony <>l 
evardagh, co. Tipperary, (^Fovr 
■ist , A.D. 795, note h.) But the 
mracy of this identification seems 
estionable. 

" Bunan. — He was the patron of 
! church of Druim-Inasclainn, 
nr Dromiskin, in the barony and 
inty of Louth. His death, from 

plague called the ^huidhe-couaill^ 



otherwise called ^ cvon-conailV (see 
note "*, p. 54, supn'a) is entered at the 
)'ear 664 in the Ann. Four Mast. ; 
and in the Chron. Scotornm at a.d. 
661-664. 

^^ Feldlimid Ua Lugadon. — " Feid- 
limid, descendant of Lugadu." See 
under the years 780 and 789, lor men- 
tion of other members of the family of 
Ca Lugadon, abbots of Cluain-Dolcain 
(Clondalkin, near Dublin). 

" Cluain-Dolcain See last note. 

^' Di -Echach-Cohho — .The descend- 
ants of Eochaid Cobha, from whom 
the baronies of Iveagh, ^Ui-Echach), 
in the co, Down have been so called. 
See Keeves' -£^cc?. Antiqq., p. 350. 



284 



CCNNCCLa UlCCDtl. 



ceci'Dic CaijieaU mac Cauail ex pa^ize a-ouejifa belli, 
7 exepciruf eiuf uiccofi puic. bpefal mac Sejeni, 
abbaf 1ae, anno pifiincipacuf fm .xxxu" T)Ofimiuic. 
Tluamnuf abbaf T)omTiai5 Secnaill moyicuuf epc. 
Oepdil pilia Cocail, Tiepna "OonnchaTDa, mopcua efc. 
Oifxefal mac ^oyimsaile, ve jenefe loegaife, a ffacni- 
buf fuif T)olofe occifUf eyz. Ca^jaannac mac Cacail 
TnoenrTiaigi, 7 Win-oi-b ancornca, pau^anc. OCefcaf 
pluuialif. 

jet. Ian ai p. CCnno ■Domini -dccc." 1.° nnuifieT>ac mac 
T)omnaill p-i mix»e mopcuup epc Slogati la h CCet) 
pop TTlixie, CO po pann mi-De icip va mac "OonnchaTja, 
ID epc, ConcoBap 7 CCilelL CCilill mac Copmaic abbap 
Slane, papienp 7 luxiex opT;imup, obnc. Pepgal 
mac CCnmcax)a pex Oppaigi mopcuup epc. TTlacoisi 
CCpuipcpopan abbap Oenncaip, IHuipeDac mac Olcobaip 
abbap cluana pepca bpen-oam, Copcpac nepop Ppoic 
abbap tugmaTO, Clemenp 'Cipe Da glap, omnep pelicicep 
uicam in pace pmiepunc. CCpcpi mac CCilella, pex 
mujTiopne majan, mopcuup epc. euginip pilia T)onn- 
chaDa, pe^ina pegip Temopiae, mopcua epc. iCosal 



' Bresal. — See Eeevei' Adamnan, I 
p. 386. 

' Domnach - Sechnalll \ i.e. the 
" church of Sechnall." Now Dun- 
shaughliii, in the barony of Ea- 
loath, CO. Meath. 

' Be/ail. — This name means " Wo- 
man of Fi\," (Fal being a bardic 
name for Ireland). In the Tract on 
celebrated women in the Book of 
Ltcan (p. 391a), where the name is 
written " Bebail," this lady is stated 
to have been the daughter of a 
" Cathal King of Ulad,-' and the 
mother of Aengus (the Oeugus whose 
obit is given at the year 829 infra) , 



and of Maelruanaidh (ob. 842 infra). 
But the ancient lists of the Kings of 
Ulad have no king named Cathal 

* Cathal — See last note. 

' Donnchad. — King of Ireland. 
His obit is given above at the year 
796. 

° Summer. — Gpcap, B. 

' ^prfA. — King of Ireland. 

^ Apoi'crosan. — Applecross, in 
Ross-shire, Scotland. The foundation 
of the church of Aporcrosan by St. 
Maelrubha, abbot of Bangor in the 
CO. Down, is recorded above at the 
year 672. Regarding the identifica- 
tion of Aporcrosan, and the etymology 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



285 



airell, son of Cathal, fell on the other side of the battle ; 
id his army was victorious. Bresal/ son of Segeni, 
bbot of la, ' feU asleep ' in the 31st year of his govern- 
leut. Ruamnus, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill,^ died, 
efail/ daughter of Cathal,* queen of Donnchad," died, 
resal, son of Gormgal, of the Cinel-Loeghaire, was 
sceitfuUy slain by his brothers. Cathrannach, son of 
!athal of Maenmagh, and Nindidh, an anchorite, rest. 
. rainy summer.'' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 801. Muiredach, son of Domnall, 
ang of Midhe, died. A hosting by Aedh' upon Midhe, 
dien he divided Midhe between two sons of Donnchad, 
iz., Concobhar and Ailill, Ailill, son of Cormac, abbot 
f Slane, a wise man, and most excellent judge, died, 
'ergai, son of Anmchadh, King of the Osraighi, died, 
lacoigi of Aporcrosan,^ abbot of Bennchair ; Muiredach, 
~>n of Olcobhar, abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brendaiu ;" Gos- 
rach Ua Froich, abbot of Lughmadh," and Clemens of 
'ir-da-glas^^ — all ended'^ their lives happily in peace, 
.rtri, son of Ailill, King of Mugdhorna-Magan," died, 
luginis," daughter of Donnchad,^^ Queen of the King of 



[80L] 



the name, see the Irish EccUsias- 
■al Journal, July, 1849, pp. 299, 300. 
' Cluain-ferta-Brendain. — Clonfert , 
the barony of Longford, co. 
alway. 
^'Luffhmadh.- Louth, in the county 

Louth. 

" Tir-da-glas — Tenyglass, in the 
irony of Lower Ormond, co. Tip- 
rary. 

"All ended, &C.— B. has merely 
nner -ofivtiticci. But Clar. 49 
llows the MS. A. 

^' Muf/dhorna-Magmi. — Otherwise 
ritten Mughdorna - Maighen, and 



Mughdornc. Now represented by the 
barony of Cremorne, co. TMonaghan. 

" Euginis. - - In the Ann. Four 
Mast., at A.D. 797, the name is more 
correctly written ©ugima for " Eu- 
genia." But A., B., and Clar. 49 
have " Euginis," although O'Donovan, 
in his ed. of the Foiir Masters (a.d. 
797, note s), quoting from the version 
of this Chronicle in the MS., Clar. 49, 
prints Euginia. 

^^ Donnchad; i.e. Donnchad, son 
of Domnall, King of Ireland, whose 
obit is recorded at the year 796, 
supra. 



286 



ttNNala ulcroli. 



loca Rmc la muifisiur- 1 Columbae ciUe a sencibuf 
combiifucf efz. 

jet. lanaiia. CCnno ■Domnii -dccc." n.° Cfmef piainn 
TTiic Ncqilaile, qiii in t;emt;acione •Doloyiif .a'ui.° anno 
incubuit;. CCiiipmnan abbaf ■Camlafcai Triaeliiiiam 
paupauit; in pace. T)uncba'D mac Consaile, iiecc loca 
Cal, a v^acTiibur fuif lugulaciif efc. ccricgal mac 
Ca^ufaij, i-iex infolae Culeni-1151, -oe seneiie Gusain, 
lusulacuf epc. belliim pu1?ai Conaill mze\i ■ouor 
pliop 'DonnclKCDa, iibi CCilill ceciwc ec Concobap 
uicco|i pnio. Oenhiiy mac IDuspom, fiex nepocum 
Foi. 36ia. Pailji, nigulacuf efc T)olofe a focnp ■pmrnefee pin 
Ceallaic, confilio yiejif fui. belliolum int;e)i Sogen ec 
aicme ITloenmaisi, in quo muli:! inc6)ipecci ^unc, 
■^- |Ct. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini •dccc." 111." 'OotTi nail mac 

CCex)a muinT)eiii5, yiex aqiiiloniip, moyicuuf eyv. ■piacjia 
mac "Cuauail, yiex nepocum Teig, moyicuuf eye. Cfuief 
Caiiacbpain abbacif biifioifx. Copmac mac Conaill, 
equonimuf tupcan, mopcuup efc Uafcacio taginen- 
cium apuT) plium NeillDuabuv uicibup in uno menpe. 
■paelan mac Ceallaig ppincepp Cille -oapo, ec Cepnac 
mac "Dunchaxia pex HI U5T)opne, pepiepunc Congpeppio 
penacopum nepo7;um Weill, cui •oux epac Con-omac 



' King of ' ' Temorla ' ; (or K. of 
'Tara'). See Ami. Four Mast., at 
A.D. 797, and O'Donovan's note 
regarding this entry. 

' Loch-Eiach. — Tiie structure here 
referred to as having been deniolislied 
must have been some fortress in Loch- 
Hiach, the lalce from which the town 
of Loughrea, co. Galway, has derived 
its name. 

3 Mulrgkii. — Muirghis, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Counaught, the 
beginning of whose reign is noticed 
iit tlie year 791, eupra. O'Conor, 
ivith his n-ual inaccuracy, translates 



the proper name ' Muirghis ' by 
' prsedonibus maritimis. 

' Of Narghal. — Nai^gaile, A. 
Clar. 49 has "Argaile" (" of Argal"). 
But the Four Mast. (798) hare 
Naep-sai? e. MS. B. has Naiajaile 
(" of Narghal.") 

5 Tamlacht- Maelruain. — Now Tal- 
laght, in the co. of Dublin. 

" Loch- Cal— Longhg&W, co, Ar- 
magh. 

7 Ctden-rigi. — See note ", p 1S7, 

8 Ruhha- Conaill. — Now Kath- 
connelljin the parish of the same 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



287 



?emoria,'' died. The demolition of Loch-Kiach^ by 
uirghis." T-Coluim-Cille was burned by Gentiles. 
Kal. Jan. a.d. 802. The repose of Flann, son of L802.] 
arghal/ who suffered for sixteen years from severe 
jkness. Airfhinnan, abbot of Tamlacht-Maelruain, " 
sted in peace, Dunchad, son of Conghal, King of 
jch-Cal," was slain by his brothers. Artgal, son of 
ithasach, King of the Island of Culen-rigi/ of the 
inel-Eogain, was slain. The battle of Rubha-Conaill," 
itween two sons of Donnchad, where Ailill was slain, 
id Concobhar was victorious. Oengus, son of Mugh- 
in, " King of the Ui-Failghi, was deceitfully slain by 
le companions of Finsnechta,^" son of Cellach, by their 
ing's advice. A little battle between the Sogen" and the 
pt of Maenmagh, in which many persons were slain. 
Kal. Jan. a.d. 803. Domnall, son of Aedh Muinderg, [gos.] bis. 
ing of the North,^'' died. Fiachra, son of Tuathal, King 
' the Ui-Teig," died. The repose of Caratbran, abbot of 
iror. Cormac, son of ConaU, steward of Lusca, died, 
illaging of the Leinstermen, by the son of Niall," twice 
. one month. Faelan, son of Cellach, abbot of Cill-dara, 
id Cernach, son of Dunchad, King of Mughdorna, died, 
n assembly of the senators" of the Ui-Neill, in Dun- 



me, a mile and a half to the east 
MuUingar, in the count}' of West- 
lath. 

' Of Mugh'on. — I" 'Domnailt 
or of JJomnall '), as in the List of 
Dgs of Ui-Falge, Book of Leinster, 
40, col. 3. The Four Mast., at 
3. 798, write UaMughruin, "grand- 
1 of Mugliron." 

" Finsnechta. — King of Leinster, 
>. A.D. 807, infra). 
" Socjen. — Maenmagh. Septs of 
! powerful tribe of Ui-Maine (or 
'-Many). See O'Donovan's Tribes 
i Customs of By-Many, and map 
fixed. 



^* King of the North. — yiex ac(ui- 
U)ni|", A., B. The words p,i in 
cuaifciific, the Irish equivalent, are 
added by way of gloss in B. 

lii Ui-Teig This was the tribe- 
name of the Ui-Cellaigh-Cualann (or 
" descendants of Cellach Cualann," 
King of Leinster ; ob. a.d. 714 supra), 
who were seated in the north of the 
present county of Wicklow. 

i< The ton of Niall, i.e., Aedh 
Oirdnidhe, King of Ireland, and son of 
Niall Frosach, also King of Ireland. 
See above at the years 762, 777. 

'■'■ Senators. — y'eiia'oop.utn, A. The 
entry regarding this assembly- is more 



288 



aMNdlCC ttlcCTDtl. 



abbaf CCitiT)t) macae, i n-mm cuaeyi. bellum inceyi 
nepotjef Cyiemcain intncem, ubi ceciT)ejiunT: ©cu mac 
CcrcaiL ec "Oomnall mac 6cT)ac, gt: T)ubfioif ec aln 
mulT;i, et: T)oniiclocaiia mac (Xticfiac tiicTO|i puic, 
Slogati n-CCeT»o oifi'Dni'Di "Dociim Laisen co yiu jialL 
Pinpnecbm lai laigen vo (lev. Tonicriuum ualiT)um 
cumuenro 7 15111 in nocce ppeceDeni:! peiiiam pacpicn 
■DifipaiTCe pluiTimof hominum, I'D efz miUe ev -Decern 
uiyiof 1 t;i|i Coyico bafcinn, ec mape -DUiipic inpolam 
Pcae in cpep papcep, ec illut) mape cum hapena 
ceppam picae abpcon-Dic, i-d epc ine-D na boo 'Deac 
■Di cip. Ipin blia-Dainpi T)ana po paepati cleipich 
hepeni) ap pechx; 7 ap pluaige-D la hdev oipnigi, do 
Bpeicb paT;hai'o na Canoine. 'CaBaipc ceanannpa 
cen cai t)0 coluim ciUe ceolach, boc anno. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 'Domini ticcc." 1111.° TTlmpe'Dach 
mac CCimipgin abbap Leicglinne, "DubDUin mac 
bipjupa, mopTJUl punc. Guana, abbap mainipcpec 
buicT:i, [obiic]. TTIoenac mac Colgen, abbap Lupcan, 



fully given by the Four Masters (at 
A.D. 799) than in these Annals. 

^ Dun-Cuair O'Donovan identi- 
fies this place with Rath-Cuair, now 
Kathcore, in the barony of Lower 
Moyfenrath, co. Meath. Ann. Four 
Mast., A.D. 799, note d. 

'^Son of Artri. — mac (XitC)iac. 
Not in B. 

' Oirdnidhe. — coytixigl, A. ; the 
words uel Oiti-Dnij being written 
over it. OittniT)!, B. 

* Aedh. — Here follows, in the text 
in B., the entry which is the last but 
one for this year in A. 

^ Dispersing. — •Dipipance, MSS. 
The corresponding expression in Ann. 
F„m- Mast, (a.d, 799) is 50 if-o mari- 



tja'6 ("so that there were slain "), 
and in the Chron. Scotorum (801) 
CO f^o tnaiib (" which killed "). The 
Annals of Clonmacnoise (Mageoghe- 
gan's Transl.) have " put assunder." 
This great disturbance of the elements 
formsoneof the" Wondersof Ireland," 
a curious list of which is given in 
Todd's /risA Nennius, pp. 192-219, 

' Corco-Bascinn. — The S.W. part 
of the CO. Clare. 

' Island ofFita O'Donovan says 

that, " according to the tradition in 
the country, this is the island now 
called Inis-caerach, or Mutton- Island, 
lying opposite Kilmurry-Ibrickau, in 
the west of the county of Clare." Ann. 
Four Mast, A.D. 799, note g. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



289 



r,^ of which Condmach, abbot of Ard-Macha, was 
ir. A battle among the Ui-Cremthain themselves, 
•eui were slain Echu son of Cathal, and Domnall 
)f Echaidh, and Dubhrois, and many others ; and 
iclochair, son of Artri/ was the victor. A hosting by 
I Oirdnidhe'' to Leinster, when Finsnechta, King of 
iter, submitted to Aedh.^ Great thunder, with wind 
ightning, on the night before the festival of Patrick, 
rsing' a great number of people, that is, a thousand 
;en men, in the country of Corco-Bascinn" ; and the 
livided the Island of Fita' into three parts. And 
lame sea covered the land of Fita with sand, to the 
it of the land of 12 cows. In this year, moreover, 
;lergy of Ireland were exempted from expeditions 
hostings, by Aedh Oir[d]nidhe, according to 
udgment of Fathad-na-Canoine'. The giving of 
nnas" in this year, without battle, to Colum-Cille 
ausical. 

il. Jan. A.D. 804. Muiredhach, son of Aimirgin, 
t of Leithglenn, [and] Dubhduin, son of Irgus, died, 
a, abbot of Manistir-Buiti," [died]. Moenach, son 
)lgu, abbot of Lusca, a good lector, unhappily," and 



[80i.] 



hadh-na-Canoine. — " Fathadh 
Canon " (or " the Canonist"), 
[try, which is written in the 
)f A., in a later hand, forms 
the text in B. The exemp- 
Irish ecclesiastics from mill- 
jrvice, through the alleged 
I of Fathadh (or Fothadh) the 
it, has been the subject of 
on by several writers on Irish 
See O'Donovan's Four 
.D. 799, note e, and the 
;ie3 there quoted ; O' Curry's 
aterials, p. 364, sq.; and 
I's Eccl. Hist., III., 244. It 
hy of observation that the 



compilers of these Annals seem to 
have attached but slight importance 
to an event regarded with such in- 
terest by many other Irish Historical 
writers, ancient and modern. 

° Cenannas. — Kells, co. Meath. 
This entry, which is part of the text 
in B. , and is added in the margin in 
A., in al man., seems to be a quota- 
tion from some poem ; only that the 
final words (Tioc anno) in A. (not 
in B.) would spoil the metre. 

'" Mnnistir-Buki. — Monasterboice, 
CO. Louth. 

" Unha2)ijily.—m\:oXi\c\v,6\i. Not 
inB. 

U 



290 



MNNala ulccoti. 



Fol. 3666. 



leccoi;i bonuf, inpeliciceii ec laciiimabilice)a uicam 
piniuit;. pne abaciffa Cille xiaiio obiic. TDub-oa- 
baifxenn . (1. "Dubam, pfiincepf Cluana ipaiifitt, parfii- 
hny fuif a'D'Dicuf efc Ceyinac mac pefvjufi^o, pecc 
toca gabop, mofitiuuf eye. Slogaxy n-Oe'oa co "Dun 
Cuaep, CO po p.ann t-aigniu icip. "oa Tniiipexiac, id efc, 
TTluiiie'Dac mac Hua-oiiac, 7 1Tluii;ie'Dac mac byiain. 
lugulauio Cop.maic mic KTluiiipuirfa abbacif bafbce, 
ev uaft;acio pofcea Cia|iaii)e La Tnuiyigif. fTlui|iceifi- 
i;ac mac "Donnsaile, \iex Oifieibne, moficuuf efc Cell 
achaiT) cum oyiacoifvio nouo ap.T)efcic. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno •oomini -occc" u.° In quibuf 
pefcilencia magna in Tlibeifinia infoLa ofica efc. 
^oiimgal mac "Din'oagaiT), abbaf aiyiD TTlacae 7 Cluana 
au'if, obiic Congal mac TTloenais, abbaf Slane, 
fapienf, in uiyvginiuace ■D01^n11U1c. Pnfnechca mac 
Ceallaij jfiegnum fuum accepii;. Lex par;ifiicii la hCCex) 
mac Neill. TTleff moep. toicec t)occup. Oenncaiix 
quieuic. ■pamilia lae occifa epc a sencilibuf, it) efc 
.locum. Connmac, luxiex nepocum bpiuin, moyicuuf efc. 



' Was added. — a'DT)rcu]p e|^c, A. 

^ Loch-Gabor. — New Lagore, near 
Duashaughlin, co. Meath. 

' Dun-Cuair. — Eathcore, co. Meath. 
See under the year 803. 

* Muiredach His obit is given at 

the year 828 infra. 

' Muiredach Ob. 817 injra. 

' Baslec. — Baslick, in the barony 
of Castlereagh, co. Koscommon. 

' Ciarraidhe. —Or Ciarraidhe-Ai, 
afterwards called, and still known by 
the name of, Clann-Keherny ; a dis- 
trict in the barony of Castlereagh, 
CO. Koscomnaon. See O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, pt. III., c. 46. 

' Muirc/is i i.e. Muirgia son of 
Tomaltach, King of Couuaught. 



' Died. — moificui -jpunc (for 
Tnoivcuu|' e|-c), A. B. 

10 Cill-achaidh Killeigh, in the 

parish and barony of Geashill, King's 
County. 

11 In xohich in quibup A. Not 

in B. There is evidently some error. 

^^ Brohe oM«.--The words iny-ola 
ojica efT, are not in B. 

13 Gormgal. — See above at the 
years 792, and 798. 

'* Diiidatjad.—Wx'M&n Dindanaigh 
in the genit. form (nomin. Dindan- 
ach), at 792 supra, and [DJindnataig 
(nom. [DJindnatach) in the Book oj 
Leinster, p. 42. col. 4. 

" Cluain -auis A variation of the 

name usually written " Cluain- eois " ; 
now Clones, co. Monaghan. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



291 



lamentably, ended his life. Fine, abbess of Cill-dara, 
died. Dublidabairenn Ua Dubhain, abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird, was added^ to his fathers. Cernach, son of 
Fergus, King of Loch-Gabor,^ died. A hosting of Aedh 
to Dun-Cuair,' when he divided Leinster between two 
Muiredachs, viz :— Muiredach' son of Ruaidhri, and 
Muiredach' son of Bran. The killing of Cormac, son of 
Muirgis, abbot of Baslec;" and the devastation of 
Ciarraidhe^ afterwai'ds by Muirgis.^ Muirchertach, son 
of Donngal, King of Breifni, died.' Cill-achaidh,^° with 
the new oratory, was burned. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 805. In which^^ a great plague 
broke out'^ in the island of Ireland. Gormgal" son ot 
Dindagad," abbot of Ard-Macha and Cluain-auis,'" died. 
Conghal, son of Moenach, abbot of Slane, a wise man, 
died in chastity. Finsnechta, son of Cellach, obtained 
his kingdom.''^ The ' Law ' of Patrick by Aedh, son of 
Niall. Great abundance of acorns. Loithech, doctor, of 
Bennchair, died. The ' family ' of la slain by Gentiles, 
that is, [to the number of] sixty-eight. Connmach, judge 
of Ui-Briuin, died. Flaithnia, son of Cinaedh, King of 



[805.] 



1'' Obtained his kingdom.- — -fiesnum 
ruutn accepit. Finsnechta became 
King of Leinster, in succession to 
Bran, son of Muridach, wliom he 
put to death by burning in tlie year 
794, as above recorded under that 
year. He seems to liave afterwards 
incurred the hostility- of the King of 
Ireland, for under the year 803, supra, 
the latter is stated to have made an 
expedition into Leinster, and received 
the submission of Finsnechta. But 
he seems to have resigned his king- 
ship, or been deposed in the next year 
(804 of these Annals), when King 
Aedh is stated to have divided Lein- 
ster between "two Muireaachs." The 



Four Masters, at a.d. 800 ( = 804 of 
these Annals, and 805 of the common 
reckoning), represent Finsnechta as 
having entered into religion. In the 
List of Kings of Leinster, in the 
Book of Leinster, p. 39, col. 2, Fins- 
nechta is said to have again assumed 
his kingdom, after twice defeating the 
two sons of Ruaidhri (one of whom 
was probably the Muiredach son of 
Ruaidhri, who was made King of the 
half of Leinster by King Aedh, as 
stated at the year 804) ; which 
accoHnts for the use of the word 
"accepit " in the text. The death of 
this turbulent prince, in Kildare, is 
noticed under the year 807 infra. 

u2 



292 



OCNNalCC ulccoti. 



piaicma mac Cinae'Da, fiex tiepocum I201I51, lusulocuf 
efc ifiyiaic Imgain. 'Civt Ta glaf afVTDec. 

let. lanairi. OCnno ■oomini dccc" ui.° Coti7)mac 
mac 'OuibT»alei€i, ab aiifiT) TTlacae, fubica mofice pepnc. 
Occifio CCpt:5aile mic Cacaf aig, ifiegif nepot;um Cpunin 
11a n-CCiyi-ceii. lugulacio Coriaill mic Zam-^ Chonall 
mac OCetiaeiTi 1 Ciunn cipe. Confqauccio riouae ciuiT:a- 
(:ir Columbae ciUe hi Ceninnuf. Glafiitif^, ancoyiica 
ez fc|\iba toca cpeae, T)Otimniic. Luna in ^an^uinem 
ueftpa epc. ITlupchaT) mac pianin, fii .ri. P'ogence, 
[obiic]. '^encilep comburepunc mfolam inuipeT)ai§, 
ec inuaDepunc poff Comain. bellum inrep. ^amiliam 
Coyicai'Se ec ipamiliam cltiana pepi;a brxerrDain, mcep 
quap ce-oef innumeyiabilii^ homimim aeclepiafcicoptim 
ec fublimium -oe pamilia Copcaigi. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ■dccc." tui." Obi^ruf 130)1.- 
baig (aliaf ICalCaic, Cluain cfiacha) fcfiibae, 
abbacif diiaiDxi TTlacae. 'Comap epipcopup, pcpiba, 
abbap linne "Ouacal, quieuit;. ■paelguf piaincepp CiUe 
achaiT) -DoifimiuiT;. SlogaT) TTluiiisiuppa mic 'Comalcais 
CO Connacht;ai15, la Concbbap mac n-TDonnchaDa, coifxici 



* Rath-Imgain. — Rathangan, co. 
Kildare. 

^ Was burned. — ajfl'Dec. 'oo loy- 
ccaT), " was burned, " Four Mast. 
CA.D. 800 = 805). 

' Airthera. — A territory now partly 
represented by the baronies of Orior, 
in the co. Armagh. 

* Cenn-tire. — " Head of the land." 
Latinized " Caput Kegionis " by 
Adamnan, Vit. Columba, i. 28. See 
Keeves' ed. p. 57, note o. Cantyre, 
or Kintyre, in Scotland. 

^Cenannus. — hi Ceninnu|', A. B. 
Kells, CO. Meath. See Reeves' 
Adamnaiiyp. 278. The corresponding 
entry in Ann. Four Mast. (a.d. 802) 
represents the church as having been 
razed, or demolished. 



" Loch-Crea. — Otherwise called 
luis-Locha-Crea ; now known as 
Monahincha, a couple of miles to the 
a. e. of Roscrea, co. Tipperary. 

^ Inis-Muiredaigli. — Inishmurray, 
off the coast of the barony of Car- 
bury, CO. Pligo. 

' Ros-Comain. — Roscommon, co. 
Roscommon. It is not easj' to under- 
stand how the " Gentiles " (or 
Foreigners), who generally committed 
their depredations from the sea, or 
from navigable rivers, could have 
made their way inland as far as the 
town of Roscommon. Instead of 
' Ross-Comain,' the Chron. Scot., 
(a.d. 807), has Koisa-caim (in the 
geuit. form ; nomin. Ross-cam . 

" Corcach. — Cork, in Munster. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



293 



the Ui-Failghi, was slain in Rath-Imgain.' Tir-da-glas 
was burned.^ 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 806, Condmach, son of Dubhdaleithe, [806.] 
abbot of Ard-Macha, died suddenly. The kiUing of 
Artgal, son of Cathasach, King of Ui-Cruinn of the 
Airthera.' The killing of Conall, son of Tadhg, by 
ConaU son of Aedhan, in Cenn-tire.* Building of the 
new church of Colum-Cille in Cenannus." Elarius, 
anchorite and scribe of Loch-Crea," slept. The moon 
was turned into blood. Murchad, son of Flann, King of 
Ui-Fidhgente, [died]. Gentiles burned Inis-Muiredaigh,' 
and invaded Ros-Comain.' A battle between the ' family ' 
of Corcach,^ and the ' family ' of Cluain-ferta-Brendain, 
among whom there was a countless slaughter^" of eccle- 
siastical men, and of the noblest of the ' family ' of 
Corcach.^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 807. Death of Torbach (otherwise [807] bis 
Calbhach" from Cluain-cracha), scribe, abbot of Ard- 
Macha. Thomas, a bishop [and] scribe, abbot of Linn- 
Duachail, rested. Faelgus, abbot of Cill-achaidh,^^ ' fell 
asleep.' An expedition by Muirgis'* son of Tomaltach, 
with the Connaughtmen, accompanied by Concobhar" son 
of Donnchad, as far as Tir-in-oenaigh." And after three 



11 slaughter. — fceme^, for cet)e|' 
(cae-Dey-), A., B. 

11 Calbhach The aliai is added by 

way of gloss in A. But B. has 
obicu-p Caluaic. The name of 
Torbach (or Calbhach) does not 
appear in the list of abbots or bishops 
of Armagh in the Booh of Leinster, 
although it occurs in the other lists 
published by Dr. Todd from other old 
Irish MSS. (St. Patrick, 174-179). 
The Ann. Four Mast, have his obit 
at A.D. 807, where he is called 
"Torbach son of Gorman." The 
death of "Torbach, abbot of Ard- 
Macha," is also recorded in the Chiron, 
acot., at A.D. 808. 



1' Cill-achaidh. — Killeigh, in the 
barony of Geashill, King's County. 

18 Muirgia King of Connaught. 

1* Concobhar. — Afterwards King of 
Ireland. His death is recorded at the 
year 832 infra. 

1' Tir-in-oenaigh, i.e. the " land of 
the Fair." The place here referred 
to was probably Tailltiu (Teltown, 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath), 
where a great national Fair, or assem- 
bly, was annually held on the first 
of August ; and where, as O'Donovan 
alleges, ," there is a hollow pointed 
out still called Lug -an-aenaigh, Le. 
the " hollow of the fair." Four Mast. 
A.D. 803, note y. 



294 



ccMMalcc tilcroti. 



cifi in oenaij, et; -pujeiatinc ifiepence pofc vfief noccef ; 
ec miji^auic CCexi mac Neill in ob[u]iarr) eoiitim, et; 
Foi. 37aa. combuffTC cefimitiof TTliT)!, eo|iiimque i^uga capfiif ev 
hmuhf f\m\]Uiza eye. 1tij:;ulcrcio CinaeT)a pin Conco- 
baiyi in campo Cobo, o Ciaui^niC. pmfnecca mac 
Ceallail;, ■fiex Lajen, hi Cill va^ia ve pcu mo\iz\}U]' epc. 
1<:t. lanaii^. CCnno "Domini Ticcc.'' uiii.° T)oiami- 
cacio "Coiccic (aliof 'Caicbg, a 'Ciyi imct,aiyi), abbacif 
ajiT) TTlacae. bellum \z\\i U Ceinnyelais inuicem, ubi 
ceci-Dir; Ceallac cofac mac "Oonngaile, yii yiam e7;ain- 
Occif 10 "Ouncon pfimcipif 'Celca leiff, hi i?ail fcfiine 
Pacjiaicc 1 CIS abaiT) "Celca lifp. baet^an Cluana 
cuaifciifit;, Cuu quiafiaen fecnabb Cluana, 'ooiimieifiunt;. 
Ijnif celefcif peyicufit; uiiium in opacopio NoT)an. 
PnbiL abaT;ipa cluano Oponaig mopcua epc. hTopexi 
n-Ula'D la hCCev mac Neill, "di papugaTi pcpine pacpaic 
pop "Ouncoin. 

8oipfic paep paec laechnaig, 

UlaiT) la hCCet) poppubcaiD, 

1p ariT) anfic po melai 

. . congail Openi bpucmaip. 



' Aedk. — King of Ireland. 

^ Cruithni- — The Crulthni, or 
Picts, of Dalaraide, in the now county 
of Antrim. See Ree%'es' Eccl. Antiqq. 
334-348. 

^ Finsnechta.—See the note regard- 
ing Finsnechta, at the year 805 svpra. 

' ToicUeck Tlie name of Toich- 

tech does not appear in any of the old 
lists of abbots (or bishops) of Armagh 
published by Dr. Todd (_St. Patrick, 
174-182) But it occurs in the Booi 
of Le'msler, p 25, col. 2, among the 
names of the abbots of Armagh who 
'rested during the reign of Aedh 
Oirdnidhe, King of Ireland from 796 
to 818, according to the chronology 
of these Annala. In recording his 
obit, the Four Masttrt and Chron. 



Scotorum, at a.d. 808, give him the 
title of " abbot of Armagh." But 
in the Ann. Inisfall., at a.d. 795 
(=808), he is merely called pep,- 
Legiti, or " Lector." His name is not 
in Ware's list of Archbishops of 
Armagh, 

^ Talckhch. — This is the name in 
B., which ignores the form " Toicli- 
tech." The clause within the paren- 
theses is in A., not ia B. 

''' Cellach The epithet Tosach 

means " the first." The name of 
" Cellach, son of Dungal," appears in 
the list of the Kings of Ui-Cennse- 
laigh (or South Leinster) in the Booh 
of Leinster, p. 40, col. 1 , as successor 
to Coirpre, son of Laidcnen, whose 
obit is given above under the year 792. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



295 



nights they fled suddenly. And Aedh,' son of Niall, 
marched against them, and burned the borders of Meath ; 
and their flight was compared to [the flight of] goats and 
kids. The kilhng of Cinaedh son of Coneobhar, in Magh- 
Cobho, by Cruithni.^ Finsnechta, son of Cellach, King 
of Leinster, died of ' emeroids,' in Cill-dara. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 808. The 'falling asleep' of Toich- 
tech* (alias Taichlech,' from Tir-Imchlair), abbot of Ard- 
Macha. A battle among the Ui-Cennselaigh them- 
selves, where Cellach" Tosach, son of Donngal, King of 
Rath-Etain,' was slain. The killing of Dunchu, abbot 
of Telach-liss,^ beside the shrine of Patrick, in the abbot's 
house of Telach-liss.^ Baetan of Cluain-feuaiscert,' [and] 
Cuchiarain, vice-abbot of Cluain,^" ' fell asleep.' Light- 
ning killed a man in the Oratory of Ifcdan." Finbil, 
abbess of Cluain-Bronaigh, died. The plundering of 
XJlad by Aedh, son of Niall, [in revenge] for the profan- 
ation of the shrine of Patrick against Dunchu. 

Heroic'* nobles return sadly, 

Ulidians, injured by Aedh. 

Where they stayed, under disgrace, 

Was [at]" . . . .of the active Brene." 



[808.] 



'Rath-Etain. — The rath, or fort 
of Etan. " King of Rath-Etain " was 
but a bardic name for the Icing of 
South Leinster. 

^Telach-liss. — Tullylish, in the 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Iveagh, co. Down. O'Donoyan 
was wrong in identifying this place 
with Tullalease, in the bar. of Orrery 
[and Kilmore], eo. Cork (_Four Mast., 
A.D. 804, note c). 

» Cluain-tuaiscert. — Now Cloon- 
tuskert, in the bar. of Ballintobber 
South, CO. Koscommon. 

'° Cluain ; i.e. Clonmacnoise, King's 
County. 

" Oratory of Nodan. — O'Donovan 
thought, and rightly, that this oratory 



was probably at " Disert-Nuadhan " 
(the " desert," or "hermitage,"of Nua- 
du), now absurdly anglicised "Easters- 
now," near Elphin, in the co. Ros- 
common. Ann. Four Mast., a.d. 804, 
note f, and 1380, note p. 

^^ Heroic. — The original of these 
stanzas, not in B., is in the top mar- 
gin of fol. 37a in A., with a mark of re- 
ference to the proper place in the text. 

"lAf] —The orig- 
inal seems like e congait (the first 
letter being mutilated by the binder), 
or ec congail (" at Congal," ec for ic, 
ac, oc, forms of the Irish preposition 
signifying "at"). 

'4 Bre«e.^ " Fretum Brene " was 
the latinized form of the name of the 



296 



ccMNalcc ulcroli. 



ti^irifcatifac imreachc chalaD, 
In faice uallach ulach ; 
CCccefi'a guib co n-5p,ennaib 
Oc cecc -DO ceallaib Ulat). 

rriaelporaficais mac piam-D, abbaf PuTDubyiac abae 7 
cille fnonitii, obiic. bellum la blllcn ev^xi va mac 
■piacnae. Caip.iU uiccop, puic. Gcai-o euapic. 

let. lanaiti. OCntio iDomini -dccc." icc.° Cacma 
abbaf T)oimLiacc,ec Z\^e\ir\ac putToacop -Daiyie TTleiUi, 
abbaf Cille aciT), ec maelpocari-cais mac ttexisaile 
priinncepp iitd aipecuil t)ociapoc fcpiba, Caual mac 
■piacpac pex Raco aiprip er uipopum Col, ec Bcai'D 
mac pacnae pex Ulo-ch, ec maelT)uin mac "Oonn- 
Saile equommuf aipT) TTlacae, ec OCnlon mac Concobaip 
peoc CCiT>ne, ITlacoipbb pliup Neucip, ec Celiac .h. 
ConcoT)ai5, mopiuntiuii. ^uaipe abbap ^linne va loca 
■Dopmiuir;. ■CaT)55 ec piacnia, -ouo piln muipgiuppo, 
lugulaci punc luigniB. Uapcacio luigne la ITluipsiup. 
Laec -De LuijniB Conachc cecinic : — 

Ro mapb TTIuipsip mo tnacpa, 

Oa pomop, poDomcheippi ; 

1p meipi itnpubapc cailg 

pop bpogaic T^aitis cap a eippi. 



mouth of Strangford Lough, co. 
Down. See Chron. Scotorum (ed. 
Hennesay), p. 6, note ', and Todd's 
St. Patrick, p. 406, n. ". 

1 Beaks ; i.e. the beaks of birds of 
prey were seen with fragments of the 
slain. 

® Finnahhar-abha. — Fennor, bar- 
ony of Lower Duleek, co. Meath. 

8 Cill-Moinni. — Otherwise Cill- 
Moena, or church of St. Moena. Now 
Kilmoone, in the barony of Skreen, 
CO Meath. 

' Gathina The name is " Caith- 

nia in the Ann. Four Mast. (a.d. 805 
= 810). 



' Doimliacc — Duleek, co. Meath. 

° Daire-Meilli. — Colgan states, 
{Acta Sanctorum, p. 796), that this 
establishment was founded by St. 
Tigernach for his mother, Mella, on 
the border of Logh-Melge (now Lough 
Blelvin, in the north of the co. 
Leitrim). The place is not now 
known by this name. 

' Airectil-Dochiaroc. - - " Dochia- 
roc's Chamber." Now known as 
Errigal, in the parish of Errigal- 
Keerogue, co. Tyrone. This entry is 
very inaccurately given in O'Conor's 
edition of this Chronicle. 
' Rath-airthir.-See above at A.D. 788. 



ANWALS OF ULSTER. 



m 



They tried to go by the shore, 
The proud TJlidian host. 
Beaks^ were seen, with fragments. 
Coming from the churches of Ulad. 

Maelfothartaigh, son of Fland, abbot of Finnabhar- 
abha~ and Cill-Moiuni," died. A battle among the XJlaid, 
between two sons of Fiachna. Cairill was victor. 
Echaid fled. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 809. Cathina,* abbot of Doimliacc f 
and Tigernach, founder of Daire-Meilli,^ abbot of Cill- 
achaidb ; and Maelfothartaigh, son of Aedhgal, abbot of 
Airecul-Dochiaroc,' a scribe ; Cathal, son of Fiachra, 
King of Rath-airthir,® and Fera-Cul f and Echaidh, son 
of Fiachna, King of the Ulaid ; and Maelduin, son of 
Donngal, house-steward'" of Ard-Macha ; and Anion, son 
of Conchobar, King of Aidhne ; Macoirb son of Neuter, 
and Cellach Ua Conchodaigh, died. Guaire, abbot of 
Glenn-da-locha, ' feU asleep.' Tadhg" and Flathnia, two 
sons of Muirgis,^^ were slain by the Luighni." Devas- 
tation of the Luighni'" by Muirgis.'^ A hero of the 
Luighni of Connaught sang : — 

Muirgis slew my son, 
"Which grieved me very much. 
It was I that placed a sword 
On Tadhg's neck therefor." 



[809.] 



^Fera-Cul — The name of a tribe 
inhabiting the district comprising the 
present baronies of Upper and Lower 
Kells, CO. Meatli. 

'" Bouse-steward. — eqtionimuip 
(for oeconotnuy-), A. B. The Four 
Mast, haye {a.d. 805) T:6rici5i|', a 
title equivalent to " custos monasterii." 
See Keeves' Adamnan, p. 365. 

" Tadhg.—zasi)^^ B. 

^''Muirgis; i.e., Muirgis, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Connaught, 



whose death is recorded under the 
year 814 infra. 

^'Luighni; i.e. the Luighni of 
Connaught, whose territory is now 
represented by the barony of Leyny, 
in the county of Sligo. 

" Therefor. — caiT, a ei'pp. The 
Four Mast, write ■oap. eiri. The 
original of these lines, not in B., is 
written in the lower margin of fol. 
37a, in A., with a mark of reference 
to the place where they should be 
introduced in the text. 



298 



aNNCcla uIccdTi. 



let. lanaip. OCtino T)oniiTii -occc." x." Niia-oa abbay^ 
aijaT) TTlacae misjiauiT; cu Connacr;a cum Lege pacfiicii 
ec cum ajimaiaio eiuf. "OefitaiT) aije T>ia facaijitin 
Foi. 37a!> oitiig 'Cailcen, cona iiecc ec na caifipac, la CCeti mac 
■Neill, in efc, muinnceti "Camlacca noDiaoifibai laja 
VapujaT) cepmainTi T^amlaccai ITIaeleviuain -ouu Neill, 
e^: pofcea i:amiliae 'Camlaccae mulca muriepa 
lieTD-Dica func. OCnmoeifi ingin OCiTja la^en in fenecciree 
bona moyicua efc. "Oimman CCfiaxi, TTluminenfif anco- 
P-ica, uicam i:eliciT;e|i pinniic. 'Cuacgal abbaf fifiuice 
Cluana mojxcutif efc. Scyiagef jencibum apun Ulcu. 
blormac nepof TTluiii'Dibuiia, abba^ T)e|imai5i, [obiic]. 
.b. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno 'oomini nccc." cc." i.° piann mac 

Cellaic abbaf pnnglaife, fcyiiba ec ancofiica ec 
epifcopuf, ipubica mop.ce pepiic Icem ecaity epipco- 
puf ec ancopica ppinncepp 'Camlacca, quieuic Copcpac 
mac Niallgupa pex ^apbpoip, ec Cepnac macpiacnia, 
pex TTlujTiopnae mbpeg, mopcui punc. Wiia'Da loca 
hUamae epipcopup ec ancopica, abbap aipp-o TTlacae, 
nopmiuic. piann mac Congalaig pex Ciannaccai 
mopicup. Oengup mac "Ounlainse pex genepip CCpc- 
gail, piaicbepcac mac Coipppi, ppincepp Cille mope 



. toent. — mig- 
(for moficuup 



^ Nuadha . 
fiauir, A. moil 
epc), B. The name of Nuadha does 
not occur in the Book of Leinster 
list (p. 42) of successors of St. 
Patrick in the abbacy of Armagh. 
But at p. 25 b of the same MS., 
" Nuado " is mentioned among the 
abbots of Armagh who died during 
the reign of " Aed Ordnide," who 
began to reign in a.d. 796, and died 
in 818, according to these Annals. 
The Chron. Scot, has Nuadha's obit 
at the year 812. It is entered under 
the next year in this chronicle. 

'To Connaught. — The MSS. A. 
and B. have cu connacca, the first 



c in connacca being wiongly mar- 
ked with the sign of ' infection.' 

' Tailtiu Teltown, in the barony 

of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

* Tamlacht ; or Tamlacht-Mael- 
main. Tallaght, co. Dnblin. 

' ' Termon ' ; i,e., the right of 
sanctuary, asylum, or protection. 
The term was also applied to a certain 
portion of the lands of a monastery, 
In Clar. 49, Termann ' is translated 
by " privilege. " 

' Aedh Lagen, i.e., " Aedh of Lein- 
ster." The death of Aedh Laigen, 
son of Fithcellach, King of Ui- Maine, 
is entered above at the year 721. In 
the correBpondingentriesin.4nn, F.M. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



299 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 810. Nuadha, abbot of Ard-Macha, [810.] 
went^ to Counaught/ with the ' Law ' of Patrick, and 
with his shrine. Prevention of the celebration of the 
fair of Tailtiu/ on a Saturday, so that neither horse nor 
chariot arrived there, with Aedh son of Niall ; i.e. the 
' family ' of Tamlacht* that prevented it, because of the 
violation of the 'Termon's of Tamlacht-Maelruain by 
the Ui-Neill ; and many gifts were afterwards presented 
to the 'family' of Tamlacht.* Admoer, daughter of 
Aedh Lagen,^' died at a good old age. Dimman of Aradh,' a 
Munsterman, anchorite, ended his life happily. Tuathgal, 
a most wise abbot of Cluain,^ died. A slaughter of 
Gentiles by the Ulidians. Blathmac Ua Muirdibhuir, 
abbot of Dermagh" [died]. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 811. Flann, son of Cellach, abbot of[8ii]Bi3. 
Finnglais,^" a scribe, anchorite, and bishop, died suddenly. 
Echaidh, also a bishop and anchorite, abbot of Tamlacht, 
rested. Coscrach, son of Niallghus, King of Garbhros," and 
Cemach, son of Flathnia, King of Mughdhorna-Bregh, 
died. Nuadha of Loch-Damha,'* bishop, anchorite, and 
abbot of Ard-Macha 'fell asleep.' Flann, son of Congalach, 
King of Cianachta, died. Oengus, son of Dunlaing, King 
of Cinel-Artgail, and Flaithbertach, son of Coirpre, abbot 
of Cill-mor-Enir," died. Aedh Roen, King of Corco- 



and Chron. Scot. (718), the same 
Aedh is stated to have been the 
descendant of Cernach, and one of the 
chiefs of the Southern Ui-Neill slain 
in the battle of Almuin, or Hill of 
Allen, in the present county of Kil- 
dare. The lady Admoer would there- 
fore seem to have survived her father 
about 90 years. 

' Aradh, — The old name of the dis- 
trict now forming the northern part 
of the barony of Owney [Uaiihne] 
and Arra, cq. Tipperary. 

' Cluain, i.e. Clonraacnoise, in the 
King's County. 



'Dermagh. — Durrow, in the King's 
County. 

'"Finnglais. — Finglas, near Dublin. 

" Garbhros. — The situation of this 
place, the name of which signifies 
the rough " Ross " (or " wooded 
district ") has not been identified. 

" Nuadha of Loch- Damha. — See 
note I, under previous year. According 
to Colgan {Acta SS.. p. 373), Loch- 
Uamha (the " lake of the cave ") was 
in the district now forming the county 
of Leitrim. 

" Cill-mor-Enir. — See note", p. 
236 supra. 



300 



an Mala nlaroh. 



Fol. Slia. 



etiip, mopiuncuf.. OCexi laoen, fii co|\co baifcinn, Tno|i- 
zuuy efc. CCyigennce lapiati hUrYiaill. CCp Conmaictie 
lasGtinci. CCriCalifiaisi lu1l^55lahU bfiiuin. CCtiCoifico- 
fioi'Se VOme la hUa ITlacuaiip. CC^i gennce la TTIumain, 
IT) efc, la Cobcac mac maele-ouin, |^1 loca tein. 
liiDpeT) in •oeifceiiiT) la Tnuiiajiuf mac 'Comalcaij 
.1. 111 Connachc. Lex "Oafin po|i Connaccu. 

let. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ■dccc." x-" ii." Conall 
mac "Oaimcig pp,iTicepf 'Ctieoic moiiicup. ■pejiaxiac mac 
Scannail fctiiba ec facefiTjof, abbaf CCcaixi boo, •peli- 
ciceifi uicam i2iniuic. Ceallac mac GCTac, pyiincepf 
Cille come, moifix;mif Ofc CCp nUmill la jennci, ubi 
cecToeptiTiT; CofCfiac mac ■piaiirDnabpac, eu "Ounatiac 
\iex hUmill. toisaijie mac Consamna, fiex 5enep,if 
Coippfii, mofiicup. Congalcac mac Gitisuine, fecnab 
Cluana pep-ca, mopir;tip. ]Capaluf pex Ppancopum, 
immo cociup Gupopae impepaT;op, in pace T)opmiuiT:. 
Lex "Dapii la hU Neill. 

jcb lanaip. CCnno 'oomini "dccc." x.° iii.° peit)il- 
miti abbap Cille TTloinni ec 'moep bpeg o parpaic, 
ancopica ppecipuup pcpibaque opcimup, pelicicep 
uicam v'lniuic. 'Cuaml piliup "Ounubcae, ppecipuup 



' Umhall. — A district linown as the 
" Owle8,"and "O'Malley's country ;" 
and comprising the baronies of Mur- 
resk and Burrishoole, in the co. Mayo. 

' Conmaicni. — Otherwise called 
" Conmaicni-Mara," a name now re- 
presented by " Connemara," in the W. 
of the CO. Galway. 

8 Corca-Roidhe A tribe which 

gave name to the barony of Corkaree, 
CO. Westmeath. 

* Ui-Mac-Uais. — "Descendants of 
the sons of [CoUa] Uais." A sept of 
the old Oirgiallian stock, from which 
the name of the barony of Moygoish, 
CO. Westmeath, is derived. 



' Loch-LHn. — The Irish name of 
the Lakes of Killarney. King of 
Loch-Lein was a bardic term for 
" King of West Munster.'' 

"South Apparently the South of 

Connaught, Muirgis being King of 
Connaught at the time. Under the 
year 813 infra, a hosting by Muirgis 
against the Ui-Maine " of the South " 
is recorded. 

' Son of Daimtech O'Conor in- 
accurately prints mac Dainlig, "son 
of Dainlech." 

' Treoit. — Trevet, in the parish of 
the same name, barony of Skreen, 
CO. Meath. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



301 



Baiscinn, died. A. slaughter of Gentiles by the men of 
Umhall.^ A slaughter of the Conmaicni'- by Gentiles. 
A slaughter of the Calraighi of Lurg, by the Qi-Briuin. 
A slaughter of the Corca-Roidhe' of Meath by the Ui- 
Mac-IJais/ A slaughter of Gentiles by Munstermen, 
i.e., by Cobthach son of Maelduin, King of Loch-Ldin.^ 
Devastation of the South" by Muirgis son of Tomaltach, 
i.e., King of Connaught. The ' Law ' of Dari over Con- 
naught. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 812. Conall, son of Daimtech,' abbot 
of Treoit/ died. Feradhach son of Scannal, scribe and 
priest, abbot of Achadh-bo, ended his life happily. Cel- 
lach son of Echaid, abbot of Cill-Toma," died. A slaughter 
of [the men of] Umhall" by Gentiles, in which were 
slain Coscrach son of Flandabrat, and Dunadach, King 
of Umhall. Loegaire, son of Cugamna, King of the 
Cinel-Coirpri, died. Congaltach, son of Etguine, vice- 
abbot of Cluain-ferta," dies. Charles,'^ King of the Franks, 
or rather Emperor of all Europe, slept in peace. The 
'Law' of Dari'^ by the Ui-NeiU. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 813. Feidilmidh, abbot of Cill- 
Moinne," and steward" of Bregh on the part of Patrick, 
an eminent anchorite and most excellent scribe, ended 
his life happily. Tuathal, son of Dudubhia," a famous 



[812.] 



[813.] 



" all- Toma. — Kiltoom, in the 
barony of Fore, co. Westmeath. 

"Umhall. — See under the pre- 
ceding year j note ', last page. 

" Cluain-ferta ; i.e. Cluain-ferta- 
Brendain. Clonfert, in the barony of 
Longford, co. Galway. 

'^ Charles. — Charlemagne. The 
correct date of Charlemagne's death 
is 28th Jan., 814. 

^^'Law' of Dari. — The imposition 
of thia ' Law ' over Connaught is the 
last entry under the preceding year. 



" Cill-Moinne Kilmoone, in the 

barony of Skreen, co. Meath. 

1" Steward. — moeyi ; translated 
" Serjeant " in Clar. 49. The office 
of "steward" or "serjeant" (moetx) 
here referred to, consisted in collecting 
Patrick's dues, or tribute, in Bregia, 
by the authority of the archbishop of 
Armagh. 

'* Dudtibhta. — The Four Mast. 
(a.d. 809) have the name " Dubhta " 
which seems the more coiTect 
form. 



302 



an M alec ula'oTi. 



TTCjaiba ez -oocriop climna mac U 'Hoif, -ooyimiuiT;. 
Gir;i|ifcel mac CealLaig, epifcopuf ^Linne •oa loca 
ec Cinae-D mac Ceallai^ epifcopuf ec abbaf 13116110 
moep, obiejiu.nc. ITlaeL-ouin epircopuf, aiiacinnec 
Gc-Dpoma, uij;ulacuf efc. 8iiibne mac TTloenais 
equoinmiii^Slane, ec ^ojim^al mac Weill pilii pepgaile, 
mopcin yimv. Slogax) la fnuip-giuv gt; poiiceallac ^lo^i 
Uu mtDaine •oeiffoicc, ubi plufiimi inreiapecci funv 
innocenncef. ■poficeallac pobaiifi, abba)" cluana mic 
Moiv, ec Opcanac abbap Cille pobpic, Roiian nepof 
Loc'oenic epifcopui\ omney DOfimieifiuiic. Oellum niceyi 
Logenenipef muicem, ubi nepocep Cemifelaij pyxop- 
ci^aci funz;, ec piln bjiain uiccoixiam accepeiatinc. 
Ceallacb abbaf lae, pimca cotipcixuccione cempli 
Cenui'Dfa, feliqinc ppnicipacum, ec "Oiafmiciuf alum- 
nup "Oaigpi pyxo eo o]at)inacuf efc bfoen mac RuaDiiac 
facyiapa Lagenaixum moifiicuifi. Lex Cfuiafiam po|\ 
Cfiuacna eleuaca epc la TTluiifisiup. Saeu moji 7 
c|iom5all]ia. Wiall mac CCe-ba, ^ex nepocum Coifimaicc, 
Ifiepencina moiice moyiicup. blacmac mac CCilgufa; 
abbap cipe T>a glaip, ec blacmac -oalca Colsgen, abbap 
inpolae uaccae albae, obiepunc. 



1 Trelic-mor; i.e. ''great Trelic.'' 
The place referred to is now called 
Trillick, and is in the barony of 
Omagh, CO. Tyrone. Dr. O'Conor 
turns it into " Magni Tralee," taking 
Trelic as a form of the name of 
Tralee in Kerry. But he was 
wrong. 

^ Steward. — equonimuy', for 
oeconomup. Muiredhach, son of 
Uargal, called equoniniuy of la, at 
the jj'ear 781 supra, is described as 
pp,1011ft ("prior ") in Ann. Four M., 
at the corresponding date (a.d. 777). 
See Eeeves' Adamnan, p. 365. 

'Muirgis; i.e. Muirgis, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Conoaught, 



whose obit is the iirst entry under the 
next year. 

* Forchellach. — Abbot of Clon- 
macnoise. See next entry. 

' cm- Fabric. — Or Cill-Fobrigh 
Probably Kilbrew, in the barony of 
Ratoath, co. Meath. 

* Cenaimas. — Kells, co. Meath. 
The genit. form CenitTDpa (nom. 
CenitTDap) is wrong; the more usual 
nom. form being Ceriaiinaip (genit. 
Cenainipa). 

' Diai-mait. — T)iaixmiciup, A. 
"Oiaixiiiiciup, B. 

' Foster-son. — alumnup. A. 
alumpnup, B. 

* Ruadhri. — Apparently the Ruai- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



303 



scribe and doctor of Cluaia-Mic-U-Nois, 'fell asleep.' 
Etirscel, the son of Cellach, bishop of Glenn-da- 
locha, and Cinaedh son of Cellach, bishop and abbot of 
Trelic-mor/ died. Maelduin, a bishop, 'herenagh' of 
Echdruim, was slain. Suibhne son of Moenach, steward' 
of Slane, and Gormgal, son of Niall, son of Fergal, died. 
A hosting by Miiirgis" and Forchellach^ upon the Ui- 
Maine of the South, when many innocent people were 
slain. Forchellach of Fobhar, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, 
and Orthanach abbot of Cill-Fobric,' [and] Ronan Ua 
Lochdeirc, a bishop — all ' fell asleep.' A battle among 
the Leinstermen themselves, wherein the Ui-Cennselaigh 
were overthrown, and the sons of Bran obtained the 
victory. Cellach, abbot of la, the building of the church 
of Cenannas" being finished, resigned the abbacy ; and 
Diarmait,' foster-son* of Daigre, was ordained in his place. 
Broen, son of Ruadhri," a satrap of the Leinstermen, died. 
The ' Law ' of Ciaran" was proclaimed over Cruachan" 
by Muirgis. Great suffering and heavy diseases.^^ Niall, 
son of Aedh, King of the Ui-Oormaic, died suddenly. 
Blathmac, son of Ailgus, abbot of Tir-da-glas,^° and 
Blathmac, foster-son of Colgu, abbot of Inis-bo-finne," died. 



dhri, son of Faelan, King of all the 
Leinstermen, whose obit is entered 
aboTe at the year 784. 

10 Of Ciaran ; i.e. St. Ciaran of 
Clonmacnoise. qtnaivani, A., B. 

11 Cruachan. — A famous plain in 
Roscommon, the principal fort (or 
rath) in which, Rathcroghan, near 
Belanagare, was anciently the chief 
seat of the Kings of Connaught. See 
above under the year 782, where the 
' Law' of Patrick is stated to have 
been proclaimed hi C-p,uacni15. 

i> Heavy diseases — c-[V0Tn5aLaia, 
"heavy diseaae," B, 



18 Tir-da-fflas, — Terryglass, bar- 
ony of Lower Ormond, co. Tipper- 
ary. 

1* Inis- bo-finne. — " Island of the 
white cow." There are two islands 
thus named, seats of ancient eccles- 
iastical establishments, viz., Inish- 
bofin, an island off the coast of the 
barony of Murrisk, co. Mayo (see 
above at the year G67), and Iiiish- 
bofin in Logh-Eee (an expansion of 
the river Shannon), which is regarded 
as part of the barony of Kilkenny 
West, CO. Westmeath, and is the 
island here referred to. 



304 



CCMMttla UlCCDll. 



Fol. 37J6. 

.b. 



let. lanairi. CCnno T)omiiii -dccc" x." ini.° VOo^f 
TTluipsiura pis Connact;. 

■Ri Tiefis T)ai5c1iec cen •Dunbaij, 
1Tlu11^51tlf tie Ciiuachaiti clannaij, 
Ro -paig mac Cellaig cuififiig 
CCti'Dei' Tiiti Oeyiba bannaig. 

Cele IhefU abbaf ciUe TTloinne [obiic]. UiguLacio 
CofC)iaic niic pinfnecci. Con all mac Neill, fiex "oeif- 
ceiiiT) bpeg, iTiofiicufi. Colman mac Neill lugulacuf 
efc a genetie Conaill. Sloga-o la CCe-o layium pop cenel 
Conaill, icopcaiji Hosaillnec mac piaiugUfa. TTlael- 
canais ancoyvica Lusmaix), Celiac mac Congaile abbaf 
1ae, Dopmieiaunc. Oi^sain Cluana cjiema, 7 guin -ouine 
iTiT)i, 730 pepaib bfieibne 7 do fil Ca^ail. 'Pocayica 
mac Cefinaic, lee ifii -oeiipceiiac b|^e5, mo]fiT;tiuip efc. 

jet. latiaip. CCnno T)omini 7)ccc.° cc." u.° "Dungal 
mac Cuanac \iex Hoif, 'Ctiaml mac "Domnaill \iex 
aipceyi bpi, liigalac mac TTIaeleliumai ifiex cojico 
Sojain, Conan mac Rua-opac \iex bjiiconum, Cacal 
mac CCfitipac pex TTlusDOjinae, omney^ "oepuncci funi;. 



' Cruachan — See the entry regard- 
ing Cruachan under last year, and the 
note thereon (p. 303, note n), 

' Son of Cellach. — Probably Fin- 
snechta aon of Cellach, King of Leiii- 
ster, whose obit is given at the year 
807 sujrra. 

' Cuirrech.— The. Curragh of KU- 
dare. The Kings of Leinster are 
sometimes styled "Kings of Cuirrech,'' 
in bardic compositions. 

^ Cill-Moinne. — Kilmoone, in the 
barony of Skreen, co. Meath. 

^ Aedh, i.e. Aedh Oirduidhe, Kmg 
of Ireland. 

" Lughmadh. — Louth, in the county 
of Louth. 



' Cluain-cremha. — See note ^, p., 
216, supra. Dr. O'Conor, in his ed. 
of these Annals, makes a most extra- 
ordinary blunder regarding this entry, 
which is plainly written in A. And 
O'Donovan {Four Mast, a.d. 810, 
note u) is scarcely more happj'. It is 
a pity that the latter did not consult 
the MS. A. before constructing the 
note in question. 

° Men oj Breifni, i.e. the men of the 
Western Breifne, or Breifni-Ui-Kuairc 
(Bretny-O'Rourke). 

° Sil-Cathail, i.e. the " Seed (or 
descendants) of Gathal." Otherwise 
designated by the name of Clann- 
Cathail. This was the tribe-name of 



ANNAIS OF ULSTER. 



305 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 814. Death of Muirgis, King of [eu.] 
Connaught. 

A fierce plundering king, ■without grief; 
Muirgis of fruitful Cruachan ;' 
Who helped the son of Cellach' of Cuirrech,' 
From the south, from the flowing Barrow. 

Celi-Isa, abbot of Cill-MoinneS [died]. The killing of 
Coscrach, son of Finsnechta. ConaU, son of Niall, King 
of the South of Bregh, died. Colman, son of Niall, was 
slain by the Oinel-Conaill. A hosting by Aedh' after- 
wards upon the Cinel-Conaill, in which RogaiUnech son 
of Flaithgus was slain. Maelcanaigh, anchorite of Lugh- 
madh,° and CeUach son of Congal, abbot of la, 'fell 
asleep.' The plundering of Cluain-cremha,'' and the 
killing of a man therein, by the men of Breifoi' and the 
Sil-Cathail." Focarta son of Cernach, half-king of the 
South of Bregh, died. 

Kal. Jan, A.D. 815. Dungal, son of Ouanu, King of [sis.] bis. 
Bos ;" Tuathal, son of Domhnall, King of Airther-Liphe ;" 
Irgalach, son of Maelumhai, King of Corco-Soghain ;^'' 
Conan," son of Ruadhri, King of the Britons, and Cathal, 
son of Artri, King of Mughdoma — all died. Dubh- 



a respectable branch of the great 
SU-Muiredhaigh stock of Connaught, 
whose chief took the name of 
O'Flanagan, when the adoption of 
surnames became general. TheClann- 
CathaU were seated in the barony 
and county of Roscommon. 

^"Sos. — A district in the co. 
Monaghan, the name of which seems 
to be preserved in that of the parish 
of Magherosa (" Machaire-Rois "), in 
the barony of Farney, In the same 

eonnty. 

" Airther-Liphi.—" East of Liphe 



(or Liffey)." That part of the plain 
of Kildare lying to the east of the 
River Liffey. 

12 Corco-Soffhain, i.e. the race of 
Soghan sal-ihuidhe Q^ yellow heel"), 
son of Fiacha Araldhe, King of 
Ulster. There were several distinct 
septs of this race in Ireland. See 
O'Donovan's Hy-Many, pp. 72, 
159. 

^' Conan. — "Cinan rex moritur.'" 
(Ann. Cambrise, A.D. 816). The obit 
of " Kynon," King, is entered in the 
£rui y Tywysogion, under S17. 



306 



cCNMalcc ularoli. 



"Dub-oalei^i mac 'Comalcaig -dux namne, omnef pepiep.- 
unc. TYlojiip 1oi>ep fcifiibae ^o^f Commain. Combufcio 
CLtiana mic Moiip -oe me'oia ex tnaiofie pap.ce. TTlopp 
Suibne mic Cuanac, abbacip Cluana mic Noip. Ceallac 
mac TTIuipsifpa, abbap "Opomma capo, lugulocip epi: o 
5epr;i-DUi moc 'CuacaiL Uenrup magntip in JCaletTDip 
Wouembpip. beLlum xio maxim aim pop hU pacpac 
TTluippce pe n-T)iapmair; mac 'Comalcais, 7 lopoa'o 7 
opssain ■poibpein 1 epic gpct'cpaigi, ubi plupimi occippi 
func ignobilep. niopp Cacail mic CCilello pejip 
nepocum piacpac. Opacopium pobaip combuprum epc 
let. lanaip. CCntio 'oomini "dccc." x.° ui.° TTlopp 
"Oacail epipcopi, pcpibae ec ancopicae, htii "Duibleni. 
TTlopp ConcpuiOTe pcpibae ppincipip lainne Gla. 
■Cippaici abbap cluana pept;a bpenoam, Comupcac 
mac Cepnais equonimup aipu-o TYIacae, obiepunc. 
belbolum icip pipu ■Deipceip^; bpeg ec Ciannachcu, 1 
copcpa-oap ill xn ciannachcaib. bellum ance Cacal 
mac TDunlainse, ec pe muinncip C151 ITlun'ou, pop 
mumncip pepnanD, ubi .cccc. mceppecci punc 
TTlaelcuile abbap benncaip exulac. fPael'DUin mac 



' Namne. — This place (or tribe) has 
not been identiiied. Narmne may 
have been written in mistake for tjl 
mane (Ui-Maine, or Hy-Many, in 
Connaught). 

^ All died. — otnney pefiieKiunc. 
Not in B. , in which tlie next entry is 
joined to this one. 

^ Death. — moifV]p. Not in B. 

* Ros-Comain. — Roscommon, in 
the county of Koscommon. The words 
moixcui Y-unc are added in B., in 
which this entry forme part of the 
previous entry. 

' Of the half. — de me'Dia. Not 
in B. The expression "de media ex 
majore parte " occurs more than once 



in the MS. A. text of this Chronicle. 
(See at the year 833 infra) ; but B. 
does not employ the words de media. 

^ Druimrcara Drumcar, in the 

parish of the same name, barony of 
Ferrard, and county of Louth. This 
place is called " Druim-cara of Ard- 
Cianachta " (the old name of the dis- 
trict now represented by the barony 
and name of Ferrard), under the year 
869 infra. 

''Foibren. — Ch-aicraighe. See note 
*, p. 222, supra. 

^ Ailill This Ailill was son of 

Innrechtach, sou of the Dunchad 
Mursce whose death is entered at the 
year 681. See note '", p. 133, supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



507 



daleithi, son of Tomaltach, chief of Namne,^^all died.^ 
Death' of Joseph, scribe of Ros-Comain/ Burning of 
the greater part of the half ^ of Cluain-mic-Nois. Death 
of Suibhne, son of Cuanu, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois. 
Cellach, son of Muirghis, abbot of Druim-cara/ was 
slain by Gertide son of Tuathal. Great wind on the 
Kalends of November. A battle was gained over the 
Ui-Fiachrach of Muirisc by Diarmait son of Tomaltach ; 
and the burning and plundering of Foibren' in the 
district of Graicraighe/ where a great number of the 
common people were slain. Death of Cathal, son of 
Ailill/ King of the Ui-Fiachrach. The oratory of 
Fobhar^ was burned. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 816. Death of Dathal Ua Duibhleni, 
a bishop, scribe, and anchorite. Death of Cucruithne, a 
scribe, abbot of Lann-Ela." Tipraiti, abbot o£ Cluain- 
ferta-Brendain, Cumuscach son of Cernach, steward of 
Ard-Macha, died. A battle between the men of the 
south of Bregh and the Cianachta, wherein a great 
number of the Cianachta were slain. A battle by" 
Cathal,'^ son of Dunlaing, and by" the 'family' of Tech- 
Munnu," against the 'family' of Ferna,'' wherein 400 
persons were slain. Maeltuile, abbot of Bennchair, lived 
in exile." Maelduin, son of Cennfaeladh, abbot of 



[8,6.] 



; ' Oratory of Folhar. — Ofiaco-p,- 
lutti Pobaifi. Tor oixocoiaitim the 
Four Mast, (at A.D. 812), have 
"Deixteac. Fobhar is now known as 
Fore, in the county of TVestmeath. 

^'> Lann-Ela. — Lynally, in the par- 
ish of the same name, barony of 
Ballycowan, King's co. 

II By. atice. This is the ordin- 
ary Latin equivalent of Irish |v,ia, or 
|ve; but the Irish preposition Kve, 
with its variations fLia and l^a, has 
also the meaning of " by," and 
"with." 

IS Cathal, — King of Ui Cennse- 



laigh, or South Leinster. His obit 
is entered in the Ann. Four Mast. 
under the year 817. 

13 Tech-Munnu Ferna. Taghmon 

and Ferns, in the present county of 
Wexford. The Four Masters have 
no notice of this battle. 

1^ Lived in exile exutcac (for 

exulcrc, or exfutaz), A. B. The 
"quievit"of Maeltuile is entered at 
the year 819 infra. The Four 
Masters (at 812=816 of these An- 
nals) record the obit of Maeltuile, 
and repeat it at the year 818. 

X2 



808 



aw Mala tilaroti. 



Cinnt^aelax) piaincepf Ucrco boc, -oe t^amilia Columboe 
CI lie, iti5ulaT;uip efc. muinncip, Coluitn ciUe -do tjuI 
1 'CerTiaip no ey>cuitie CCeDo. ITlael'Dtiin ifiex Roif 
moifiiT;«ti. 'DonsaU mac 'Ctiamil, yii CCfTjae, mopicup. 
Cilleni abbaip peianann [obnt;]. ■pepguf fia^a lupais, 
abbaf pnnjlaiffi, obnt:. SiaTjal, abbaf qt: epifcopuf 
fioiff Commain, T)oiwiitiic. 

let. lanaifi. CCtino T)omini "dccc." cc.° uii." TTltiiifxe'Dac 
mac bjiain, leicfii Laigen, mopicU|i. OC15 atiaiccenca 
Foi. 3Saa. 7 fneacbua map tiobacajfi o noclaic frellae co h-iniT:. 
1mcech[r;] boiiroe copaib cijimaiB 7 alanaile n-abanu 
Pon oin cumai itit) locae. Gze 7 ■piatilai^i lafx loc 
Gcoc. Oiff allci T)0 copunn. Solaic "oaufirije lapmae 
o cece 1a|^ locaiB Giifine a r;ifiib Connacc hi cip hUa 
CifxatimcaiTi ; abaqtie incogTiica peifi jelu ez jpairoinev 
in hoc anno ipacca. Ceallach mac 8cannlain abbaf 
cille pcibpig, Cepnac mac Conjalaij pex Cno^bai, 
mopitiTictip. Cuanti abbaf Lugmai'D, co fcpin ITIoc- 
cai, t»o nula a cifie TYlumaTi fof longaif. CCfirjii 
aipchinnech aift) TTlacae, co fcfin par;paicc, T)0 
■Dtil a Connacra. CCe'D mac Weill co fluajaiB co *Dun 



1 Rath-iotJi. — Now Raphoe, the seat 
of an ancient bishopric, in the county 
of Donegal. Regarding the foundation 
of the monastery of Raphoe, see 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 280. 

i2 Temhair. — Tara, co. Meath. 

° To curse Aedh, i.e. Aedh Oird- 
nidhe, King of Ireland, -oo ef cmitie 
(for 'DO efcuine, '' to curse") A., B. 
The cause of this ' cursing,' or excom- 
munication, of Aedh may have been 
for his invasion of Cinel-Conaill as 
recorded above under the year 814, or 
for complicity in the murder of the 
abbot Maelduin. See Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. 389, note x. 

* Roi. — Otherwise written " Fera 



(or Fir) Rois " ; i e., " Men of Ros." 
See note on the name, under the year 
816 ; p. 305. 

" ^rd— Ard-Ciauachta, a district 
in the co. Louth, now represented by 
the barony of Ferrard. 

8 Finnglais — Finglas, near Dublin. 

' Epiphany — noclaic y-cellae, 

" Christmas of the star," A., B. The 

Four Mast. (a.d. 815) have 6 tiocc- 

Laic, " from Christmas," as in Clar. 49. 

' Loch-Echach. — Lough Neagh. 

' Soojing. -^ Solmc. This word 

does not occur in any of the ordinary 

Irish Glosaaries. It is rendered by 

"timber" in Clar. 49, in which the 

translation of the full entry is lootely 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



809 



Kath-both/ of the ' family ' of Colum-Oille, was slain. The 
' family ' of Colum-Cille went to Temhair,^ to curse 
Aedh.' Maelduin, King of Ros/ died. Donngal, son of 
Tuathal, King of Ard/ died. Cilleni, abbot of Fema, 
[died]. Fergus of Rath-Luraigh, abbot of Finnglais/ died. 
Siadal, abbot and bishop of Ros-Comain, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 817. Muiredhach son of Bran, half- 
king of Leinster, died. Unprecedented frost and great 
snow from Epiphany' to Shrovetide. The Boyne and 
other rivers were traversed with dry feet, and the 
lakes in like manner. Herds and multitudes [went] 
upon Loch-Echach,^ and wild deer were hunted. The 
roofing" of an oratory was afterwards [brought] by 
carriage- way'" across the lakes of Erne, from the lands 
of Connaught to the land of Ui-Cremthainn ; and other 
unprecedented things were done in this year through 
frost and hail. Oellach son of Scannlan, abbot of Cill- 
Foibi-igh," [and] Cemach son of Congalach, King of 
Onodhba/* died. Cuanu, abbot of Lughmadh," went in 
exile to the land of Munster, with the shrine of Mochta." 
Artri, superior^' of Ard-Macha, went to Connaught, with 
the shrine of Patrick. Aedh," son of Niall, [went] with 



[817.] 



made. But the constraction of the 
original is very faulty. 

1" Carriage-way, — o cece. cece 
is explained by cona1l^, fee, a 
" road," " way," in the Felire of 
Oengus (Laud copy), at Dec, 20. 
See Stokes' ed., p. clxxix. 

11 CiH-Foihrigh See note is, p. 

263 sitpra. 

12 CnodAia.— See note ', p. 266 

mpra. 

13 Cvxmv,. — His obit is entered at 
the year 824 infra. 

It Luglmadh.—1-outb, in the co. 

Louth. 

15 ]liochta.—1he St. Mochta, abbot 



or bishop of Louth, whose obit is 
recorded at the year 534 supra. 

^^ Superior. — ayfi (for aifichin- 
nech), A. B. In the entry of the 
obit of Artri, at a.d. 832 infra 
(where see note), Artri is described as 
abbot (abba-p) of Ard-Macha. Re- 
garding the meaning of the title 
aiiicbititiech, see Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 364, note m, and O'Donovan's Ann. 
Four Mast., a.d. 1179, note o. In 
the corresponding entry in the Chron. 
Scotorum (a.d. 818), Artri is called 
pfviricepf ("abbot" or "superior"). 

'" Aedh ; i.e., Aedh Oirdnidhe, 
monarch of Ireland. 



310 



aMNttla ula'oti. 



Cuaep CO |io Tianx) laigmu ^z^^ 7)0 huae btiain. CCifi- 
chmnech Cille moiiie en\]\ vo -pariusffo, 7 T)iibinniiecht; 
a feccnap T)0 ^uin afi a incairi, la laigniu. 0^.550111 
coccae "ou Cellach mac 'Poseftcaic pofi Concoba|i mac 
rriuip-e-baic .1. mac laig Laisen. beUtim accum eft; in 
yiegione T)elt5nae InIotiou, .1. car popau, ubi nepocef 
TTlani cum p-eje eojitim w efc Caml mac TTluiica'DO, ec 
alii plui^imi nobilef, ptiofi^paci func. Tlesef nepocum 
bftiuin, 1T) 6fc "Oiaifimaic mac 'Comalriaij 7 TTlaelco^ais 
piliuf ■pojeiricais, uiccoyief eiiani;. Ueccabiaa iiepop 
CCnnola, abbaf 'Daminnfi, moiaiT;uii. Cluen mac 'Noip 
iceyium .xii. Icalen-oap ■Nouembjiip appir t;ept;ia ex 
pafiDC fill. 

]ct. lanaiia. CCnno •Domini t)ccc.° x.° um." Uafcacio 
Laigen la hdev mac Meill .1. ci|i Cualann Ufqiie ^lenn 
7)U0|ium Y''ca5iofitim. ITloiaf CCe-oa mic 'Neill luaxa 
ua-Dum t)tiafium \ii]it;ucum 111 campo Conoille. belli- 
olum iiiceia senuf eujain 7 jenuf Conaill, in quo 
ceci-oiT; TTlaelbyie|xtil mac TTlupca-DO pex getiefiip 
Conaill. 1Tlup,caxt mac TTlaele'DUin puit; uiccofi. belli- 
olum luip. Ulcu inuicem, in quo ceci'Dic Caip,ell pliUf 
pacnae, ei; TTluiiietiac mac Gcac uiccofi -puit;. Cacal 
mac ■Dtinlain^e |iex nepouum Cennfelaij ec -pecnap 
pe[inann moifiicufi. Cifiunnmael mac OCilello pjiinncepp 



^ Dun-Cnair. — See above, at the 
year 804. 

^Superior. — aiiictiinnecti. See 
note 16, p. 309. 

^ Cill-mor-Enii: — See note ^, p. 
212, supra. 

* Fought.— accu m efv , A. ^ef- 
cum ey-c, B. 

^ DdWma-Nodot. — "DelBnae Lo- 
■Doc, A. B. But the proper form is 
"Deltitia No'doc (="0. Nuatjac), 
the ancient name of a district between 
the rivers Shannon and Suck, in the 
southern part of the co. Roscommon. 



See O'Donovan's ed. of Ledbhar na 
g-ceart, p. 105, note n. 

"Many. — ptuifMmi, A. rntilci, B. 

^ Diarmait. — Tlie Diarmait son of 
Tomaltach, King of Coiinaught, 
whose obit is entered at the year 832 
infra. 

' Daiminis Devenish, in Lougli 

Erne, in Fermanagh county. 

" Of the Kalends. — |Ct. "Dlf , A. 
jet., B. 

^'' Aedh — Monarch of Ireland. 

1' Ath-da-ferta. — luxca ", uanutn 
TDuayium tii-|ir;ucuiTi (TTliKiabiliuTn, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



311 



armies to Dun-Cuair/ when he divided Leinster between 
two grandsons of Bran. The superior" of Cill-mor- 
Enir^ was profaned, and its vice-abbot, Dubhinnrecht. 
was wounded whilst under his protection, by the 
Leinstermen. A battle— slaughter by Cellach, son of 
Fogartacb, over Conchobar son of Muiredhach, i.e., son 
of the King of Leinster. A battle was fought* in the 
country of Delbbna-Nodot,** i.e. the battle of Forath, 
wherein the Ui-Maine, with their king, i.e. Cathal son of 
Murchadh, and many" other nobles, were overthrown. 
The Eangs of the Ui-Briuin, viz., Diarmait' son of 
Tomaltach, and Maelcothaigh son of Fogartach, were 
victors. Rechtabhra Ua Andola, abbot of Daiminis,^ 
dies. Cluain-mic-Nois was again burned on the 12th of 
the Kalends" of November — the third part of it. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 818. The wasting of Leinster by 
Aedh^° son of Niall, i.e. the country of Cualann as far as 
Glenn-da-locha. Death of Aedh^" son of Niall, near Ath- 
da-ferta" in Magh-Oonaille. A battle between the 
Cinel-Eoghain and Cinel-Conaill, in which Maelbresail 
son of Murchadh, King of the Cinel-Conaill,^^ was slain. 
Murchadh,^' son of Maelduin, was victor. A battle among 
the Ultonians themselves, in which Cairell" son of 
Fiachna was slain, and Muiredhach son of Echaidh was 
victor. Cathal son of Dunlaing, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, 
and vice-abbot of Fema," died. Orunnmael son of 



[818.] 



O'Conor); over which an old hand 
has written a$ at ria ipeirica (a 
literal translation), in A. 

" Cinel-Conaill. — 5enitvi-)p Con- 
aitl, A. 

"Mwrchadh. — King of the Cinel- 
Eoghain, or descendants of Eoghan, 
son of Niall Nine-hostager, who were 
otherwise known as the Ui-Neill of 
the North. 

i< CaireU. — According to a state- 



ment in the Booh of Leinster (p. 41, 
col. 3), CaireU (or Cairill, as the name 
is there written) reigned nine years,and 
was slain in a battle between the 
Ulaid and the Ui-Echach.Cobha, 
fought at a place called Lapast, in 
Cam-Cantain. But the situation of 
Lapast, or of Carn-Cantain, is not 
now known. 

'^Ferna. — Ferns, in the county of 
Wexford. 



312 



ccMMalcc uloroTi. 



"Ooimliacc, ev IfUwfievac piliuf Cjiunntnail abbaf 
■Difific 'Ceoifitioc, -DG-puncci yunv. Congalac mac pefisufa 
Foi. 38 ah. fiesc Cut mopicutx. Censcisef aip-oT) TTlacae cen 0151 cen 
rucbml fctiine, 7 cuTnufc ann 1 coficain mac GcT)ac 
mic pmcnae. X^oinv pocnae mopT^uui^ efc. 
^' let. lanaiji. CCnno T)omini 7)ccc.° x." ix." T)alac 

mac Congufa, pfiinncepf T)oimliacc, mopcuuf efc 
Slogax) la TYluiicha'D vo Djxuim iitd eic co n-Oib 116111 
in cuaifcijiT;. Concobafi co n-Oib Wetll in -Deifciiir 
an'OGf , 7 CO taisniB, T)onec 'oeuf eof ipepaixauic pep f uam 
mognam pocenciam. Cufcancin mac pepjufa, pex 
poficfienn, mofvicup. TllaelcuiLe abbaf Oenncaip 
quieuic. pei-obmi-D mac CpetYicain accepic pegnum 
Caiffil. 

let. lanaip. CCnno ■oommi "occc." acoc." Cpunnmael 
mac O'opain, abbaf Cluana ifaifo-o, obirc. Comulf 
fiex 8axonum mof iT;uf . Ofsgan erip. o jenncib ; pf aex) 
mop. 731 mnaiB vo bpix) apf. Ceannfaela-o mac 
Humain, fcpiba er; epifcopuf ec ancopina, abb CCto 
rpuim, -Dopmiuic. Slosat) la Concobup mac n-*Oonn- 



'^ Daimliag. — Duleek, co. Meath. 

^Disert-Temdc.—T\ie "desert," or 
hermitage, ol Terndc. In the Martyr, 
of Donegal, at Feb 8, there is men- 
tion of Terndec, an anchorite, whose 
place was on the west of the river 
Barrow. But the exact situation is 
not indicated. 

^Son oj Fergus. — -The Four Mast. 
(at A.D. 817) have mac feifvjaile 
(" son of Fergal.") 

*Cul\ i.e. rir-(orFera-)Cul; other- 
wise called Fera-Cul-Bregh, a terri- 
tory anciently comprising the barony 
of Kells, CO. Meath. See note ', p. 
202 supra, and O'Donovan's Ann. 
F. M., A.D. 693, note p. 

^ WTiUsuntide in Ard-Macha. — 
Cen^cigef atyv'O'o Til acae (literally 



" Whitsuntide of Armagh"). This 
entry is not found in the other Annals ; 
not certainl}' in the Ann. of the Fowr 
Masttrs, the compilers of which stu- 
diously suppress notices of events 
calculated to reflect, in their opinion, 
on the character of churchmen. 

' Elevation of a shrine. — cucbait 
fcifiine. Some Whitsuntide cere- 
mony, or procession, at Armagh, of 
which no notice occurs elsewhere, as 
far as the Editor is aware. 

' Fothud of Fothan. — Fothud (or 
Fothad) of Fahan, in the barony of 
Inishowen, co. Donegal. See note ', 
p. 289, supra. 

' Daimliag. — Duleek, co. Meath. 

" Murchadh; i.e. Murchadh son of 
Maelduiu, King of Cinel-Eoghain. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEB. 



313 



Ailill, abbot of Daimliag/ and Muiredhach son of Crunn- 
mael, abbot of Disert-Terndc," died. Congalacb, son of 
Fergus," King of Cul,* died. Whitsuntide in Ard-Macha' 
without celebration, and without the elevation of a 
shrine f and a disturbance there, in which the son of 
Echaid, son of Fiachna, was killed. Fothud of Fothan' 
died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 819. Dalach, son of Congus, abbot of t8i9.] bis 
Damliag,^ died, A hosting by Murchadh' to Druim- 
ind-eich," with the Ui-Neill of the North. Conchobar^* 
[came] from the South, with the Ui-Neill of the South, 
and the Leinstei'men, until God separated them by His 
great power. Custantin, son of Fergus, King of For- 
trenn," died. Maeltuile, abbot of Bennchair, rested. 
Fedhlimidh, son of Cremthan, obtained the kingdom of 
Cashel. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 820. Crunnmael son of Odhran, abbot [820.] 
of Cluain-Iraird, died. Comulf," King of the Saxons, 
died. Plundering of Etar," by Gentiles ; a great prey 
of women being taken therefrom. Cennfaeladh son of 
Euman, scribe, bishop, and anchorite of Ath-truim," ' fell 
asleep.' A hosting by Conchobar^' son of Donnchad to 



'" Uruim-ind-eich. — The " ridge 
(or bact) of the horse." O'Donovan 
suggests (Four Mast., a.d. 818, note 
x), [that this is probably the place 
called Drimnagh, near Dublin. 

" Conchoiar. — King of Ireland at 
the time. 

'^ Fortrenn Pictland. See note ', 

p. 118 supra. 

'3 Comulf. — This name may be also 
read coiTiuti;, as Dr. O'Conor prints 
it from MS., B. The person whose 
' moritur ' is here recorded was 
evidently Cenwulf, King of the Mer- 
cians, whose obit is entered in the 
Anglo-Saxon Chron. at the j'ear 819, 
and who was succeeded by his brother 



CeolwuU . See Lappenberg'a Bistory 
of England, Vol. I., p. 291. 

^*Etar. — This was the ancient 
name of the peninsula of Howth, to 
the N.E. of Dublin. The Hill of 
Howth is stiU called Benn-Etair, the 
"summit of Etar," by those who 
speak the native language. Dr. 
O'Conor represents OKigsati Gmp. 
by Orggan e tir, which ho most 
inaccurately translates " Devastatio 
Kegni." 

^^ Aih-truim.—'nie "Ford of the 
Elder-tree." Trim, on the Boyne, in 
the coimty of Meath. 

'° Conchoiar — King of Ireland. 
O'Flaherty refers the commencement 



314 



ccMMttla tilarDh. 



cliaT)a CO h-a|\T3 aca'o Sleibe puoir. Uafccrcio na 
n-CCiifi€ep cojfiice Orfiaiti TTlacae. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini -dccc" xoc." i.° Ulacinasoil 
nepof Tncc^lem, fcpiba ev epifcopuf, abbaf Oiifiofi, 
pepiic. CC15 anaicetrca, 7 |iiiifxeipet; inna muiifiG 7 
inna loca 7 inna aibni, co \Hicia stxaige 7 eci 7 \i6T)- 
man ia|xniai6. Sloiget) la TTluifica'D mac TTlaile'DUin 
CO pepaib int) ^ocli coiaici aifXT) m-bfiecan. elu-o 
lafitini T)o ipepaib bpej cuice .1. "Oiaifmiait; mac 'MgiII 
CO fil CCe-Sa Tplane, co tiu^iallfat; ic "ofiuim Pefigufipo 
T)o TTluiica'D. In-Diaet) pejfi m-bfiej la Concobaii mac 
n-'Donnca'Sa, con7)effi'D ecc ^f alaiz;. In-Dpet) T)eifceii\T) 
01(165 leyy aiceifi|iac in jcalemjif tlouembtiif, co coyicaip 
flu as t)imoia leiff -oe feyiaib -oeifceiific bfieg, 7 co ifiu 
giallfai: bill Cefinaij afi eicin. TTlofif pofibuyaic 
Foi.38Ja. abbacif CCcaTO bo Cainnij. Cumuipcac mac "Cuacail, 
Tiex aifiT)e Ciannachca, lu^ulocuf efc la TTIuificba'D. 
bellum "Cafibji inceifi Conacca inuicem. Klepocef 
bfiium ppopT^ifiaci Tpunc, plujaimi nobilef int;ep.ipecT;i 
func efi-^a 7)ucef, it) epc, DunchoD mac TTlomais ec 
Sojimjal mac "OuncoDO. Wepocef TYlam uiccotxef 
e|ianr, ec "Oiaiamaic mac 'Comalcaig. Scyiaje-p uiifioifvtim 



of Conchobar'3 reign to the year 819. 
Ogygia, p. 433. His death 13 recorded 
under the year 832 infra. 

^Ard-achadh of Sliabh Fuaid. — 
The name Ard-achadh would be An- 
glicised 'High-field.' Sliabk-Fuaid, 
the 'Hill of Fuad,' was the ancient 
name of a hill near the town of Kew- 
town-Hamilton, in the county of 
Armagh, according to O'Donovan. 
Four Mast, a.d. 819, note b. 

2 Airthera. — See note ', p. 282, 
snpra. 

" MacriaghoiL — ^Supposed to be the 
scribe of the beautiful copy of the 
Gospels known as the Gospels of 



MacRegol, preserved in the Bodleian 
Library, Oxford. See O'Conor'sPro- 
leg. ad Annates, Part 11., p. cxlii. 

^Murchadh. — Chief of Cinel- 
Eoghain. 

° Ard Brecain, — Ardbraccan, co. 
Meath. 

^ Druim-Ferguso The " Eidge 

(or Long Hill) of Fergus." The 
situation of this place is not known at 
present. 

'' At Gualat. — ecc gualuic. The 
situation of Gualat has not been 
identified. 

* Ui-Cemaigk ;' i.e. the'^J' descen- 
dants of Cernach." A branch of the 



AIJNALS OP ULSTER. 



315, 



Ard-achadh of Sliabh-Euaid.^ Devastation of; the Air- 
thera" as far as Emhain-Macha. 

KaL Jan. a.d. 821. MacriaghoiP Ua Magleni, a scribe 
and bishop, abbot of Biror, died. Unusual frost ; and 
the seas, and lakes, and rivers were frozen, so that 
droves, and cattle, and burdens, could be conveyed over 
them. A hosting by Murchadh* son of Maelduin, with the 
men of the North, as far as Ard-Brecain.' The men of 
Bregh thereupon went secretly to him, viz., Diarmait 
son of NiaU, with the race of Aedh Slane, and gave 
hostages to Murchadh at Druim-Ferguso.^ The plunder- 
ing of the men of Bregh by Conchobar,^ son of Donn- 
chadh, when he rested at Gualat.' The plundering of 
the South of Bregh by him again, on the Kalends of 
November, when a great multitude of the men of South 
Bregh were slain by him, and the Ui-Cernaigh^ sub- 
mitted through compulsion. Death of Forbasach, abbot 
of Achadh-b6-Caiiinigh.^ Cumuscach son of Tuathal, 
King of Ard-Cianachta,^" was slain by Murchadh." The 
battle of Tarbga among the Connaughtmen themselves. 
The Ui-Briuin were overthrown ; a great many nobles 
were slain opposite^'^ their leaders, viz., Dunchadh son of 
Moenach, and Gormgal son of Dunchadh. The Ui- 
Maini were victors, and Diarmait^' son of Tomaltach. A 
slaughter of the men of Breifne, opposite'^ their King, 



[821.] 



powerful sept of Sil-Aedha Slanfe or 
" Kace of Aedh Slane " (see under a.d. 
603 supra), who derived their tribe- 
name from Cernach (ob. a.d. 663 
supra), son of Diarmait, son of Aedh 
Slane (King of Ireland). 

^Achadh-bd-Cainniffh.—The "Field 
of (St.) Cainnecli's cows." Now 
Aghaboe, in the parish of the same 
name. Queens county. 

'^'' Ard-Cianaehta. — See note ", p. 
137 supra. 



" Mwrckadh. — ^Murchadh son of 
Maelduin, chief of the Cinel-Eoghain ; 
referred to in the 3rd entry for thisyear. 

1^ Opposite. — eixga, B. ejigo, A. 

1' Dimrmait son of Tomaltach.— His 
obit is given at the year 832 infra, 
where he is described as King of Con- 
naught. But in the list of Kings of 
that province, contained in the Booi; 
of Leinster (p. 41, col. 1) where the 
name of Diarmait occurs next after 
that of Muirghis son of Tomaltach 



316 



ccMMccla ularoTi. 



brieibne epja t^esetn fuum, it) epc, imaelT)Uin mac 
eccgaile, la cenel pei'oilm^o. Uoiniu^ ■pop. ptiii aitx-oe 
Ciannachca \ie Cumufcac mac Consalais, ubi ceci- 
■Depunr; Gu'OUf mac 'Ciseifitiaig ec alii miilci. Oucu 
nepof "Cuo^ail, ancoiura ec epifcopuf, abbaf LusmaiD, 
7)opmitiic. Roimu'D x^e ti-oaib gafibain 7 Cuiixcniu 7 
PelLu pofi T)elbnai. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno 'oomini ■dccc." xx." 11.° "Depmaic 
mac 'Oonncha'oa, abbaf Uoiff ec, obnr;. *Otib'Dac|xic 
mac TYlaelecoli, abbar CiUe achaiT), "oopmiuic. 'Pec- 
ntifac Loca ceiTDin, epifcopuf ec ancop.ica, paufauic. 
Conaing mac Cotijail, fiex 'Cecbae, mopictiifi. Lex 
Pocpicii poifi ■niumain la peiTjlimce mac Cixemcain, 
ec la hCXlpcfiis mac Concobaiii (.1. epfcop axm TTlaca)- 
Tlonan abbap cluana mic Noip peliquic ppincipacum 
fiium. CCcp.1 DO tienum t)0 TTlupca'D mac THaele'DUiii, 
Ice Niall mac CCe-oo 7 la cenel n-eusain. S^nn^iler 
iiiuafepunc benncuKi mop. 'galinne na m bpecan 



(ob. 814 sjipra), his father's name is 
stated to have been Tadc, who was 
the father of Tomaltach, father of 
Muirgis. From which it would appear 
that Diarmait was the imcle of Muir- 
gis, his predecessor in the kingship of 
Connaught. 

' Ard-Cianachta. — See note '^, p. 
137 supra, 

' Euchu. — This name is written 
Eocha by the Four Mast. (a.d. 820). 

^Anchorite. — aricoifvtiica, A. 

* Lughmadh Louth, in the county 

of Louth. 

" Cuircni. — A tribe descended from 
Core, son of Lugaid, King of Munster 
in the 5th century ; which gave name 
to the district of Cuircne, now repre- 
sented by the barony of Kilkenny 
West, CO. Westmeath, and was for 
some centoriea known as "Dillon's 
Country." 



^ Fella.- -A. tribe inhabiting a 
territory bordering on the expansion 
of the Shannon called Loch-Kee, 
probably on the western side of the 
lake. O'Donovan identifies the terri- 
tory of the Fella with Tuath-n-EUa. 
Foiw Masters, A.D. 927, note e. 

' Delbhna. — The people here refer- 
red to were evidently that branch of 
the great tribe of the Delbhna (des- 
cended from Lugaidh Delbhaedh, son 
of Cas, ancestor of the Dal-Cais of 
Thomond), which occupied, and gave 
name to, the territory of Delbhna- 
mor, now the barony of Delvin, co. 
Westmeath. 

' Loch-Cendin ^This name is now 

corruptly represented by " Lough- 
Kitm," the name of a lake near 
Abbeylara,in the county of Longford. 

^ Tethba — A territory comprising 
the most of the eastern part of the 



ANNALS OF ULSTEB. 



317 



i.e. Maelduin son of Echtgal, by the Cinel-Feidhilmtho, 
A victory over the men of Ard-Cianachta,' by Cumus- 
cach son of Congalach, in which fell Eudus son of Tiger- 
nach, and a great many others. Euchu'^ Ua Tuathail, 
an anchorite" and bishop, abbot of Lughmadh/ 'fell 
asleep.' A victory by the Ui-Garbhain, and the Cuircni,' 
and the FeUa,^ over the Delbhna.'' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 822. Dermait, son of Donnchad, 
abbot of Ross-ech, died. Dubhdacrich, son of Maeltoli, 
abbot of Cill-achaidh, 'fell asleep.' Sechnasach of Loch- 
Cendin," a bishop and anchorite, rested. Conaing son 
of Congal, King of Tethba/ died. The ' Law ' of Patrick^" 
[established] over Munster by Feidhlimidh" son of 
Crimthan, and by Artri son of Conch obar (i.e., bishop^'' of 
Axd-Macha). Eonan, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, resigned 
his government. Murchadh, son of Maelduin, was 
deposed^' by Niall", son of Aedh, and the Cinel-Eoghain, 
The Gentiles invaded Bennchair the Great". Gailinne" 



[822.3 



county of Longford, and the western 
half of the co. Westmeath. It 
was divided hy the Eiver Inny into 
North and South Tethba (or Teffia). 
According to the Tain bo Cualnge 
story in Lebor na hVidre (p. 57, a), 
Granard (in the present county of 
Longford) was in Tethba tuascirt, or 
Northern Teffia. See O'Donovan's 
ed. of O'JDubhagain, note ^s, 

^"'Law' of Patrick — See note ', p. 
234 snpra. 

" Feidlimidk King of Munster. 

His obit is given at a.d. 846 mfra, 

^ Bishop. — See under the year 817 
supra, where Artri is described as 
airchinnech of Armagh. The original 
of this clause, which is not in B., is 
added in al. man. in A. In the entry 
recording his death at the year 832 
infra, Artri is described as " abbot" 
of Armagh. 



^Murchadh . . . was deposed. 
— The original is crcifvi 730 'oenum 
do mufica'D ; lit. "an ex-king was 
made of Murchadh." 

"JViffi!?.— Niall Caille, son of Aedh 
Oirdnidhe. The beginning of his reign 
as King of Ireland is recorded at the 
year 832 infra. 

'^ Bennchair the Great. — Bangor, in 
the CO. Down. 

^' Gailinne. — Now Gallen, in the 
barony of Garrj-castle, King's county. 
The church, or monastery, was called 
^'Gailinne namBretan ("Gailinne of 
the Britons ") from a tradition which 
attributed its foundation to a Saint 
Mochondg, son of a king of Britain 
(or Wales). See Mart. Dmiegal, at 
Dec 19, and Shearman's Loca Patri- 
cians, p. 15G. Dr. O'Conor blunders 
greatly (note 1, Eer. Hib, Script., 
VoL IV., p. 204) in thinking 



'518 



ccwMttlcc ularoti. 



Fol. 38 65. 



Gxuft;tim eye o pei'Dlimri'D, cum coca babicacione fiia, 
ec cum o]iacoiiio. "Cene di mm popfa popuc n-abba-o 
1 n-ayitiT) TYIctcae, coni'Dyioloifcc 

]ct. lanmfi. CCnno "Domini 't)ccc.''ocx.°iii.'' Miall mac 
■peiijupa T>ux iiepocum poiain-oain mofiicuifi. Otisjain 
Oenncaip. ac aipciu o jenciB, 7 cofciftaTi a -Deficaisi, 
7 iieilgi Comgaill vo cyiocaT) af a fc^iin. 

O1T) -pifi, pfi, 

"Do 'Deom aiifiTJinig ina 1115; 
Oeiataifi mo en am a cen ctxon 
Oenncofi, bcrga 'o'Oencfiob, 

bellum incejx uifiof "Ceubae inuicem, 17) efc bellum 
PiiTDubifiac, m quo cecitieiiunt; CCet> mac ■posejacaig ec 
alii mulci. Roff Commain exufcum efc magna ex 
papce. bellum incefi Connacca inuicem, in quo ceci- 
"oeyiunc plufiimi. Oelliolum int;e|\ "Ouncba-D er; 
Cumufcac -ouof V-^B^V Ciannacbcae, in quo mulci 
incefipecci func. 'Ouncbaxi uiccoja puic; Cumufcac 
euafic. GocbaiT) mac OpefpaiU fii X)al OCiaai-oe in 
t;ua1fcet^c, lugulocuf efc a fociif fuif. Spelan mac 
Slogaxiais, iaex Conaille Tnuip.cemni, mofiicup. GiT^jal 
SC81I155 a gencibuf ifiapcuf eyv, ec cico mopcuuf efc 
ipame ec fici. 

let. lanaip. CCnno T)omini ■dccc" xx" 1111.° Cuanu 
LugmaTO, fapienf ec epifcopuf, ■oofimiuic. "Oiafimaic 
buae CCex>a i^oin, ancoixica ec fteligionif T)Occoia cociuf 



"Gailinae" the same as " Gallovigia " 
(or Galloway). 

^Burned. — exoipcum, apparently 
corrected to exuy^cum, A. ; exliau-p- 
cum, B. The Chron. Scot., which 
has a corresponding entry at a.d. 823 
(the correct year), has exuycurrr. 

^ Fedhlimidh.— King of Munster. 
His obit is given at a.d. 846 infra. 

' BenncJiair. — Bangor, in the co. 
Down, 



^ True — The original of these lines, 
not in MS. B., is in the lower 
margin of fol, 38i in A., with a mark 
to signify the place where it should 
be introduced into the text. It is 
stated in the Ann. Four Mast , at 
A.D. 822, that the composer was Saint 
Comghall himself. 

' Oentrobh. — Antrim, in the county 
■of Antrim. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



319 



of the Britons was burned' by Fedhlimidh/ with all its 
dwelling-place, and with the oratory. Fire from heaven 
feU on the Abbot's mansion in Ard-Macha, and burned it, 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 823. Niall son of Fergus, chief of 
the Ui-Forindain, died. The plundering of Bennchair' in 
the Ards, by Foreigners, and the spoihng of its oratory; 
and the relics of Comghall were shaken out of their shrine. 

'Tmll be true, true,* 

By the will of the supreme King of Kings, 
My stainless bones shall be taken 
From beloved Bennchair to Oentrobh.* 

A battle among the men of Tethba^ themselves, i.e. the 
battle of Finnabhair,'' in which Aedh son of Fogartach, 
and many others, were slain. Bos-Comain was in great 
part burned. A battle among the Connaughtmen them- 
selves, wherera a great many were slain. A battle 
between Dunchad and Cumuscach, two Kings of Cian- 
achta, in which many persons were slain. Dunchad was 
victor ; Cumuscach escaped.^ Eochaid" sou of Bressal, 
King of Dal-Araidhe of the North, was killed by his 
confederates.^" Spelan son of Sloghadhach, King of 
OonaiUe-Muirthemnfe, died. Etgal of Scelig^' was carried 
oflf by Gentiles, and died soon after of hunger and 
thirst. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 824. Cuanu of Lughmadh, a wise 
man and bishop, ' fell asleep.' Diarmait, grandson of 
Aedh Roin, anchorite'^ and doctor of religion of all 



[823. j 



[821.] 



" Tethba. — See note ' under the 
year 822. 

— Fennor, in the 



parish of Kaihconnell, co. West- 
meath. 

' Escaped. — euoffic, A. eua- 
pc, B. 

"Eochaid, — See Booh of Leimter, 
p. 41, col. 6. 



^^ By his confederates. — a rocilf" 
fmfi A. 

'^ Sceliij ; or Scelig-ilichil (" St. 
Michael's Scehg "). The "Great 
Skellig " island, off the south-west 
coast of the county of Kerry. See 
Todd's Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallcdbh 
(Introd.), p. xxxvlii, note ', and p. 
223, note '. 

^^ Anchorite. — ancotvico, B. 



320 



ccNMalcc ulccoti. 



tlibejimae, obnc; ec Cuimnec abbaf pinnslaifn, 
CCeT)ati abbaf 'Carlrilaccae, piannabpa ppincepf TTlaise 
bile moifiiUTico|i. Colman piliuf CCilello, abbaf Slane 
ec aliapum ciuiracum in 12^1011010 ec in llibefnia, 
pefiic Pefsal mac Cacfannaij, feoc loca Riac, 
moficuf,. TTlaelbfefail mac (Xilello Cobo, yiex -oal 
CCfaiT)e, moficuf. TTlasna pefcilencia in Tlibeftiia 
infola feniofibuf ecpuefif ec infipmip; magna famef 
ec 'oefeccio panif. Oenguf mac TTlaele'DUin y.ex Loca 
jabof. moficuf. Sloe T)uin lecglaifi "du genncib. 
tofcuc Tnaigi bile cona -oefcisib genciB. Uoiniu-D 
imTTlaig inif fe.n-tllcaiB fOf. jencib, in quo ceci-oeii- 
unc plufimi. 'Roiniu^fof Off aigi p e n-gennciB. 'Plan'D 
mac pofceallaig, abbaf Lif moip, in pace T)Ofmiuic. 
Lex pacficii fOf ceopa Connacca la CCpcpig mac 
Concobaif (.1. epifcopuf ap-D TTlaca). Opgain innfi 
"Daimle o jenncib. pallomon mac pogepcaic lujul- 
acuf efc a fpacpe fuo qui nominacup Ceallac. 
TTlapcpe blaimicc mic piainn genncib in hi Coluim 
Cille. 

]ch lanaip. CCnno T)omini tjccc" ococ." u.° tJiapmaic 
mac Neill, pex "oeifcepc bpej, mopicup. Wiall mac 
"Oiapmaca, pex TTli'De [obiic]. TTlac tomsfis, abbaf 



' Of all Ireland, — cociuip lli- 
beifvtiie, B. 

^Magh-Bil^. — See note ", p. 80 
supra. 

^Pestilence. — peycitencia, B. 
This entry is more briefly given in 
B., thus: — ^TTlasna pefcileticia in 
tiibenma, 7 mosna iporriey> patiip. 

* Loch-Gttbhor. — See note ', p. 263 
sttpra. 

^ Dun-letkglaise. — Downpatrick, in 
the present county of Down. 

^ Over Gentiles . — poT^' Senici, A. 
^:oTi geticib, B. 

' Tlie ' Law ' of Patnck. — See note 
", p. 281 supra. 



^ Three dimsions of Connaught. — 
See note '^, p. 269 supra. 

^Artri. — See above under the year 
817, where Artri is described as 
aiyichintiech ("herenagh") of Ar- 
magh. 

^"Bishop The original of this 

clause, which is not in B.,i3 added in 
at man. in A., over the name Artri. 

" Inis-Daimhk. — The situation of 
this island has not been satisfactorily 
identified. The Martyr, of Donegal, 
at July 4, states that it was between 
Ui-Cennselaigh [the co. Wexford] 
and the Deisi [the baronies of Decies 
in the south of the co Waterford.] 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



321 



Jreland,* died ; and Ouimnech abbot of Finnglais, 
Aedhan abbot of Tamlacht, Flaimabra abbot of Magh- 
Bile/ died. Colman son of Ailill, abbot of Slane, and of 
other churches in France and Ireland, died. Fergal son 
of Cathrannach, Bang of Loch-riach, died. Maelbresail, 
son of Ailill of Cobha, King Dal-Araidhe, died. A great 
pestilence" in the island of Ireland among the old people, 
children, and infirm; a great famine and failure of bread. 
Oenghus son of Maelduin, King of Loch-Gabhor,* died. 
Plundering of Dun-lethglaise'' by Gentiles. Burning of 
Magh-Bile, with its oratories, by Gentiles. A victory in 
Magh-inis by the Ulidians over Gentiles,^ in which a great 
many were slain. A victory over the Osraighi by Gen- 
tiles. Fland son of Forcellach, abbot of Lis-mor, slept 
in peace. The 'Law' of Patrick'' [was promulgated] over 
the three divisions of Connaught,^ by Artri' son of Con- 
chobar (i.e. bishop" of Ard-Macha). Plundering of Inis- 
Daimhle" by Gentiles. Falloman, son of Fogartach, was 
slain by his brother, who was named Cellach. Martyr- 
dom of Blamacc,'" son of Flann, by Gentiles, in I-Coluim- 
CiUe. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 825. Diarmait, son of Niall, King of 
the South of Bregh, died. Niall/' son of Diarmait, King of 
Midhe, [died]. MacLoingsigh," abbot of Ard-Macha, died 



[825.] 



Dr. Todd (^Cogadh Gaedhel re Gal- 
lalbh, Introd., p. xxxvii., note 2), 
■would identify it witli Little Island 
in the river Suir, near Waterford. 
See O'Donovan's Four Masters., Index 
Locormn, svb voce ; and Chron. 
&;o<orM»j(ed.Hennes3y), p. 130, note'. 

^^ Blamacc. — Tlie proper form of 
the name ia "Blathmac." See Keeves' 
Adamnan, p. 389, note y. 

^ Niall— In the list of the Kings 
of Uisnech [i.e. of Meath] contained 
in the Book of Leinster, p. 42, col. 
1, Niall is stated to have been the son 
of Diarmait son of Airmedach, and 



to have been slain by his successor, 
Muridach son of Domnall, after a 
reign of seven j-ears. 

^'' MacLoinffsigh ; "son of Loing- 
sech". — The Four Mast. (atA.D. 825) 
give his proper name as " Flannghus." 
The Chron. Scotorum (at 823) has 
" Fergus,'' which is probably incor- 
rect. It is worth remarking that the 
name " MacLoingsigh " does not 
appear in the list of the Comarbs 
(or successors) of Patrick in the Book 
of Leinstei\ p. 42, though it is in 
other ancient lists. See Todd'a St. 
Patrich, pp. 177-182 

y 



322 



ccMMalcc uLtt'Oll. 



afi-OT) TTlacae, in pace obiic. OCjic mac T))a|imaca, 
\iex Zieihae, pefi -ooLum lugulocof efc. CLemenf 
epifcopuf, abbaf Cluana lyiaip'O'D, pelicicep. uicam 
pniuic. CCtJomnae mo|^ pop hGfiiiTD n-uile .1. iiobu-o 
plaije TTiac lellaen di ITlumae. ITIaelTJUin mac 
gofimsaile, \iex nepocum ITleiu, in clejfiicacu obiic. 
Foi. 39aa. Lofcat) Oei^ifie la ■peiDbmi'D, floja'D TTIuman occo. 
gum CCiat;|iac mic TYluiifigefa. fii^ 'Ce^bae. Lecc "Dajfii 
CO Connacca iceifium. Rucnel pyiincepp ec epipcoptip 
cluana peifitra bfienamx) mofiictip. 

]ct. lanaiia. CCnno T)oniini 7)ccc.° ccac." ui°. Gccguf 
pyiincepf 'Camlaccae "Dopmiuic. SajaujaT) Gugain 1 
n-a|i'DT) TTlacae, la Cumufcac mac Cacail 7 la CCific|ii5 
mac Concobaiifi. Ojfissan Lufcan 'oo genmcib 7 a 
lofca'D, 7 innfieax) Ciannachca coifiici oct;a]fi n-Ugan, 
7 oyigan ^all mv CCip,€i|i olcena. bellum Leici caim 
tie Kliall mac CCet)a, pofi hU Cifiemcain, 7 pop, 
TTluipe'Dac mac eac-oac pig n-Ulac, in quo ceciTDeponr; 
Cumufcac 7 Congalac 'duo pilii Cacail, ev aln pegep 
mulci ■Dinaib CCipgiallaiB. Copcpax) oinaig 'Caillcen 



^ Fears. — axioninae. This rare 
form seems'comp. of a(?,°an intensive 
particle (^=aith, ath), and omna, plur. 
of Oman, "fear." 

''By. — 0, omitted in B. 

' Mac lellaen. — " Mac "Fellaen," 
Clar. 49. O'tJonor prints " dictae 
Jellame," whicli is very incorrect. 
Nottiing is known at present of tliis 
prophet. 

'Of Munster. — di KTlumae, A.; 
■01 muiTnae, B. O'Conor wrongly 
prints di muniea. 

' ^ Belhra : i.e. Dealbhna-Bethra, 
otlierwise Dealhhna-Ethra, a district 
comprising the present barony of 
Garrycastle, in the Knag's county, 
with the exception of the parish of 
Lusmagh, which belonged 5_to the 



neighbouring territory of the Sil- 
Anmchada (or O'Maddens), on the 
Connaught side of the Shannon. 

8 ' Law ' ofDari. — See above under 
the year 811. 

' RutTinel. — O'Conor inaccurately 
prmts this name BathneU. The Foul- 
Mast, (a.d. 824) write it " Euthmael." 

8 Cluain-ferta-Brenaind. — " Clon- 
fert of Brendan ;" Clonfert, in the 
barony of Longford, co. Galway. 

9 Abbot. — pifMnncep-p, A. 

10 Eoghan — Eoghan ' Mainistrech.' 
His name appears in the list of comarbs 
(or successors) of St. Patrick, in the 
Boole of Leinster (p. 42, col. 4), 
where he is stated to have been also 
the successor of St. Finnian, and of St. 
Buti (of Monasterboice). In this list 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



323 



in peace. Art, son of Diarmait, Kingof Tethba, was slain 
through treachery. Clemens, a bishop, abbot of Cluaia- 
Iraird, ended life happily. Great fears^ throughout all 
Ireland, viz., a forewarning of a plague by'* Mac leUaeu' 
of Munster.* Maelduin, son of Gormghal, King of Ui- 
Meith, died in religion. Burning of Bethra'by Feidlimidh ; 
the army of Munster being with him. The killing of 
Artri, son of Muirghes, King of Tethba. The ' Law ' of 
Dari" [proclaimed] to the Connaughtmen agaia. Ruthnel,' 
abbot and bishop of Cluaiu-ferta-Brenaind,^ died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 826. Echtgus, abbot" of Tamlacht, 
'fell asleep.' Dishonouring of Eoghan^" in Ard-Macha, 
by Cumuscach, son of Cathal, and Artri" son of Conchobar. 
The plundering and burning of Lusca by Gentiles ; and 
the devastation of Cianachta as far as Uactar-Ugan ; and 
the plundering of all the Foreigners of the East.^^ The 
battle of Lethi-cam^" by NiaU, son of Aedh, over the 
TJi-Crimthain, and over Muiredach son of Echaid, King 
of the Ulaid, in which fell Cumuscach and Congalach, two 
sons of Cathal, and many other kings of the Airghialla. 
The destruction of the fair of TaiEtiu," against the 



[826.] 



the name of Eoghan (whose term of 
government is set down as eight years) 
is placed after that of Artri son of 
Conchobar (see at the year 822)^ 
who is stated in the above entry to 
have assisted in " dishonouring '' 
Eoghaa. The account of this event 
in the Ann. Four Mast, (at A.D. 825), 
and in the Chron. Scotorum (at 827), 
is much fuller than that above given. 
There is much confusion regarding these 
ecclesiastics. The death of Artri (whose 
rule as abbot of Armagh lasted only two 
years, according to the list in the Book 
of Leinster) is entered at the year 
832 infra ; and that of Eoghan at the 
year 833. See Harris's Ware, Vol. I., 



pp. 43-45 ; 0'T)onova.n's Four Mast,, 
A.D. 825, note z, and 832, note s.' 

11 Arti-i. — See last note. 

12 Foreigners of the East, i.e., the 
Gain (or Foreigners) of the eastern 
part of Meath. 

" Lethi-Cam, — In the Ann. F. M. 
(a.d. 825), and in the Chron. Scotorum 
(A.D. 827), Lethi-Cam is stated to 
have been iu Magh-Enir, a plain 
which included Kilmore (_CiU-mor- 
Enir), a place a few miles to the east 
of the city of Armagh. See note ', 
236 supra. 

^^Fair of Tailltia.—'Ihe fair, or 
public games, celebrated annuaUy at 
Teltown ( Tailltiu), in the co. Meath 

t2 



324 



ccwNala tilcroti. 



h. 



7ol 39ah- 



ipoifi ^ailenjaiB la Concobaia mac n'Oonncha'oa, in quo 
ceciT)eiriuncTntilci. CofCjfvaT) oenaig ColmaiTi la mtnyie- 
■Sac pof\ Laisnni T)ef5abaiyi, in quo ceci'oepunT; pluifvimi. 
TTloenac mac C|iunTimail, ipecnap 1:611 Roif, moiiruuip 
eye. CCbmeift abbay^ Cille aciT) TDopmiuir;. Cofcpaxi 
"outiaiTi Laigen t)o jenciB, «bi ceciT)eifiunr; Conall mac 
Concon^alc, \iex na pojficuac, ec alii innumiiaabilef. 
R.ij'aal occ bififiaib iciyi ■pei'olimi'D 7 Concobaii^. 

let. lanaifi. OCnno T)omini ■occc" xx." uii.° hUara 
mac "OiaifimaT;a, \iy TezZae, int;Gyxi2eccuf e^z. Robay^- 
rac mac Ca^fai^ pyiincepf cluana moejfi CCfi'O'oae, 
TTluii^ciu abbap "OyiomM iti apclairrD, Clemenp abbap 
lintie T)u[a]cail, "DopmiepUTiT:. TYlucapmap di muccaiB 
mopa in aipep n-apT)T)ae Ciannacca gallaiB, 7 
mapcpe Temnen ancopac. '^uin Cmaexia mic Cumup- 
caij, pi ap-oae Ciannaccae, o gallaiB, 7 lopca-o Lainne 
leipe Cluana moeposallaiB. Ca-cpoinex> pe LeclaBap 
mac toingpig, pi nal CCpaiT)e, pop jenntii. Cacpoine'D 
aile pop jennci peCoipppi mac Carail, pi . il . Ceinnpe- 
lai5,7 pe muinnT;ip cije TDun'ou. CCp"OealBna hi pello. 

let. lanaip. CCnnoT)omini T)ccc.°a:a;.° uiii.° muipet)ac 
mac ■R.ua'opac pi Laigen, OCcti mac Ceallaig ppincepp 
Cille "oapo, in aeluobopcon abbap ciUe CCupaile, 



^ Conchohar. — King of .Ireland a), 
the time. 

^ The Fair o/Cofonan.^O'Donovan 
states tliatthis Fair was held on the pre- 
sent Curragh of KUdare. Four Mast., 
A.D. 825, note 1, and 940 note r. 

'Muiredhach. — Muuredhach, son of 
Kuaidhri, King of Leinster, whose 
obit, forms the first entry under the 
year 828 infra. 

* A great many. — pluifiinii, A. 
mulci, B. 

^Birra. — Otherwise written Biror 
Birr (now generally known as Parsons- 
town), in the King's Count}'. 



' Fedklimidh. — King of Cashel (or 
Munster). 

' Cluain-mor-Arda. — Clonmore, a 
townland giving name to a parish, in 
the barony of Ferrard, co. Louth, 
which represents the name (and terri- 
tory) of the Fera-Arda-Cianaehta, 
or " men of Ard- Cianachta." 

' Abbot. — pixiTificepp, A. 

° Ard-Cianachta.— See note 7. 

'" Lann-hire — Dunleer, co. Louth. 
See note is^ p. 205 supra. This entry 
is not In B. 

" Tecl-Munnn.-Ts.ghmon, co. Wex- 
ford. 

12 /» treachery.— y\^ irello is.a rude 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



325 



Gailenga, by Conchobar' son of Donnchad, in which a 
great many were slain. Destruction of the Fair of Col- 
man/ by Muiredhach," against the South Leinstermen, 
in which a great many^ were slain. Moenach son of 
Crunnmael, vice-abbot of Fera-Ros, died. Abnier, abbot 
of Cill-achaidh, 'fell asleep.' Destruction of the camp 
of the Leiastermen by Gentiles, where Conall son of 
Cuchongalt, King of the Fortuatha, and others innumer- 
able, were slain. A royal meeting at Birra," between 
Fedhlimidh^ and Oonchobar,' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 827. Uatha, son of Diarmait, King of [827] ms. 
Tethba, was slain. Robhartach, son of Cathasach, abbot 
of Cluain-mor-Arda f Muirchu, abbot^ of Druim-Inas- 
claind, [and] Clemens, abbot of Linn-Duachail, 'fell 
asleep.' A great slaughter of sea-hogs on the coast of 
Ard-Cianachta,'* by Foreigners ; and the martyrdom of 
Temhnen, anchorite. The killing of Cinaedh, son of 
Cumuscach, King of Ard-Cianachta,^ by Foreigners; and 
the burning of Lann-leire" and Cluain-mor,' by 
Foreigners, A battle was gained by Lethlabhar son 
of Loingsech, King of Dal-Araidhe, over Gentiles. 
Another battle was gained over Gentiles by Coirpri, 
son of Cathal, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, and the ' family' 
of Tech-Munnu." Slaughter of the Delbhna in treachery.'^ 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 828. Muiredach,'" son of Kuadhri, King 
of Leinster ; Aedh son of CeUach, abbot" of CUl-dara ; 
Maeldoborchon, abbot of Cill-Ausaille ;" Cinaedh son of 



[828.] 



way of representing, in Latin form, 
the Irish i 1:601.1 (" in treachery "). 
The ignorant so-called 'translator' of 
these Annals, whose version is con- 
tained in the MS, Clar. i9, in the 
British Museum, renders this entry 
thus:— "The slaughter of the Del- 
vinians by murther or in guileful! 
manner." 



13 MuiredacTi, — See under the year 
826 supra, p. 324, note 3. 

^*Ahhot — -pifiitincepip, A. 

'^^ Cill-Ausailk. -The church of 
(St.) Auxilius. Now Killashee, near 
Naas, in the co. Kildare. See note ', 
p. 19 supra. 



326 



aMMcclcc uloroli, 



Cinae-D tnac ITIulfiom fiex neporum Paitgi, Cotimac 
tnac tn 1111:151 Uffo pfiTicepf SencifiuiB, Ceifiball mac 
Pinffiechca p.i "Delbtia, TTlaeltimai mac Ceirepnais 
equommuf pitiT)Ubpach, 'Dpucan mac 'Cai-Dj pex nepo- 
cum TDeic, omnep mopcui funr;. lusulocio Coriaing 
mic Ceallaig o Gcoij mac Cepnaig, pep, "oolum. 
"DiapmaiT; abbap lae 750 "oul a ri-CClbain co minnaib 
Coluim elite, 'Roinex) pop Contiact;a pe pepaiB Tf\\Tie, 
in quo ceciT»epunc mulci. 

let. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ■occc." xx.° ix.° Oenjup 
mac 'Oonncha'Da pex retach TTli'De mopreup. Copmac 
mac Suibne abbapCluanaipaip'D'o, pcpibae?; epipcopup, 
in pace quieuir;. Ceattac mac Concacpaige, ppmcepp 
CCcTO cpimcam, mopir^up. topca'o poipe ta pei'otimi'D. 
PotloiTian mac T)0TincaTia lUgtitactip epc a IfTluiminen- 
pibup. Cumbae hUaembpiuin in 'oeipcipr;ta1PeiT)timiTi. 
lopep mac Weccain abbap poipp Commain quieuir;. 
Pnpnechr;a mac botibco'Da, pex genepip pitii Gpcae, 



^Sentrebh. — Lit. "old habitation." 
Now Santry, a village a few miles to 
the N. of the city of Dublin. 

^Ddbhna. — The Four Mast. (a.d. 
827) write Delihna Beathra, the old 
name of the district now represented 
by the barony of Garrycastle, in the 
King's County. 

^Steward. — equotiimtiip (for oeco- 
tiom«-)f>), A. B. The Four Mast. 
(a.d. 827) write pitioiia, "Prior." 
See Beeves' Adamnan, p. 365. 

* Finnahhair. — O'Donovan identi- 
fies this place with '' Fennor, near 
Slane, in the county of Meath." 
(Four Mast., A.D. 827, note s.); but 
does not give his authority for the 
identification. There were many 
places called " Finnabhair." 

^ By Echaidh. — o 6C015, A. o 
eoch[aiT)], B. 



To Alba.— a nttlbain ; i.e. to 
Scotland. 

' With the reliquaries. — co tnitl- 
naib, A. B. "With . . . reliques," 
Clar. 49. For the meaning of 
minna (plur. of minn, dat. minnaib), 
see Reeves' Adamnan^ p. 315, note r. 

^ Victory.— 'domm (fori-jfioineti), 
lit. "breaking,"' or " dispersion," A. 
Reinef), B. 

' Telach-Midhe. — O'Donovan ex- 
plains this name by " Hill of Meath," 
which he would identify (Four Mast. 
A.D. 828, note w) with Tealach-ard, 
or TuUyard, near the town of Trim, 
in Meath. The name is corruptly 
written, as the proper genit. form of 
Telach-Midlie, should be Telcha (or 
TelaigyMidke. 

'"'Achadh,-CriiMhain.—"Cnmt]ia,-D:s 
Field." Not identified. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



327 



Mughron, King of Ui-Failghi ; Cormac son of Muirghis, 
abbot of Sentrebh ;' Oerbhall son of Finsnechta, King of 
Delbhnaf Maelumai son of Ceithernach, steward' of 
Finnabhair/ and Drucan son of Tadhg, King of Ui-Meith 
— all died. The killing of Conang, son of CeUach, by 
Echaidh^ son of Cernach, by treachery. Diarmait, abbot 
of la, went to Alba,° with the reliquaries' of Colum-Cille. 
A victory' over the Connaughtmen by the men of Midhe, 
in which many were slain. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 829. Oengus, son of Donnchad, King 
of Telach-Midhe,^ died. Cormac, son of Suibhne, abbot 
of Cluain-Iraird, a scribe and bishop, rested in peace. 
CeUach, son of Cucathraige, abbot of Achadh-Crimthain,'" 
died. Burning of Foir,^^ by Fedhlimidh." FoUomhan, 
son of Donnchadh, was slain by the Munstermen. Des- 
truction'^ of the Ui-Briuin of the South," by Fedhlimidh." 
Joseph, son" of Nechtan, abbot of Kos-Comain, rested. 
Finsnechta," son of Bodhbchadh, King of Cinel-mic-Erca, 



[829. 



^ Fair. — Fobhar, or Fore, in the 
barony of Fore, co. Westmeath. 

^2 Fedhlimidh ; i.e Fedhlimidh, son 
of Crimthan, King of Cashel (or 
Mnnster). 

^^Destruction. — Cutnbae. Tiiis 
word, which is of rare occurrence by 
Itself, is often met in composition 
with the particle aiih (or atK), in 
old and modem Irish texts, in such 
forms as atctima (" wounding, lacer- 
ation ; " O'Don. Suppl. to O'Eiellt/), 
and aithchumbe (gl. " cauteria et 
combustiones," Ebel's ed. of Zeuss 
(p. 881). For Cutnbae (as in 
A.), MS. B. has Cuimbae, which 
O'Conor wrongly translates " Con- 
ventio." 

" Ui-Briuin of the South, — There 
were several septs in Connaught called 
'•Ui-Briuin," who were descended 



from Brian, brother of Niall Nine- 
hostager. The " Ui-Briuin of the 
South " was, apparently, another name 
for the " Ui-Briuin-Seola," otherwise 
called " Muintir-Murchadha," who 
were seated in the barony of Clare, 
CO. Galway. On the assumption of 
surnames by the Irish, the principal 
family of this tribe took the name 
of O'Flaherty, from an ancestor 
Flaithbhertach, who flourished 
circa A.D. 970. See O'Flaherty's 
lo/r Connaught (Hardunan's ed.), 
p. 368. 

1' Fedhlimidh ; i.e. Fedhlimidh, the 
son of Crimthan, King of Munster, 
whose obit, is entered at the year 846 
injra. 

'^ Son. — mac. Omitted in B. 

^'' Finsnechta. — Pitieclica, B. 



328 



CCMMCClCC UlCCOtl. 



[obiic]. 8uibne tnac ■poifiannati, abbof T)UO|vtim men- 
fium 1 ti-afiT)T) TTlacae, obnc. 

jet. lanaijfi. CCnno T>OTnini 'occc." ocxx." "Omifimaic 
7)0 T;iacht;ain i n-h&iT,inT) co rrnn'oaib Coluim cille. 
TTltiiiaenn abcrciffa Cille Tia|ia TDOfimioic. CCifime'Dac 
pp,iticepf TTlaisi bile ■DimeiifUf efc. Ceptiac mac 
"Ouncon, fcpiba ez fapienf ec 'paceifi'DOf aip.ti'D ITlacae, 
patifauic Oenac 'Cailcen -do cumufc oc pofia'oaib im 
fcifiiTi mic Cuilint) 7 im miiroa pa^ifiaicc, coitdit) apra 
ill "De. 1nT)ifieT) Conaille "do genncib, conayiifisabax) 
TTlaelbiaisci ap-ifii, 7 Can an nan a bpacaip., 7 co ifxticra 
Foi. 39Sa. illonga. Cab vo maximaim 1 n-CCi§necaib p.e jenncib, 
pop mumncip, n-aifi'OT) TTlacae, conaiifigabua ifiocai'De 
mopa "Diib. Tnoi:ip *Ouncha'Da pin Conaing, pegif 
Cianaccae. SapugaT) ©ujain mainifopeach abbaiT) 
aipt)!) TTlacae, hi poijaillnaij, la Concobap mac 
n-'OonncbaTJa, conaipjabca a muinncep 7 copucca a 
Syiaigi. peiTilimi'D mac CpeiTicain co pluag TTIugan 7 
Laigen do rui'oecbr; 1 pambup. -do innpiuxi pep m-bpeg. 
InxipeT) Lipi la Concobap. 



' Smbkne, son of Forannan. — 
Suibne mac Paiifitiis ("S. son of 
Fairnech"), in A. Called S. mac 
Potiannan (" S. son of Forannan") 
in B. The name of this Suibhne 
does not occur in any of the ancient 
lists of the " Comarbs," or successors 
of St. Palrick. The Four Mast. 
however, in noticing his death under 
A.D. 829, agree with this Chronicle in 
stating that Suibhne was abbot of Ard- 
Macha for the space of two mouths. 

^ Diarmait. — Abbot of Hi (or lona). 
See Eeeves' Adamnan, pp. 315, 388. 
Another voyage of Diarmait, to Alba 
(or Scotland), is recorded above at the 
year 828. 

^ Ahlot. — piiitincepp, A. 

*Tailtiu. — Teltown, co. Mea h 
See note ", p. 167 supra. 



'' Forads. — In old Irish glossaries 
fora (or foradh) is explained by a 
"seat' or " bench " (i.e. the station) 
of the person who presided over an 
assembly, or celebration of national 
games. See O'Brien's Ir. Diet., voce 
■poifia; O'Curry's Mann, and Oust., 
I. cexxxiii, and 3, 541, and Leabh. 
Gahhala, p. 44. 

"MacCinlind. — Bishop of Lusk, in 
the county of Dublin. His obit is 
entered under the year 495 supra. 

' Aighnecha. — The plural form of 
Aighnech, which was probably the 
name of a district in the n.e. of the 
county of Louth, near Carlingford 
Lough (the ancient Irish name Of 
which was Snamh-aignech." — See 
Reeves Eccl. Antiqq., p. 252, note z). 
According to a statement in Leb. na 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



329 



[died J. Suibhne, son of Forannan," abbot for two tooiitlis 
ip Ard-Macha, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 830. Uiarmait^ came to Ireland, with 
the reliquaries of Colum-Cille. Muirenn, abbess of Cill- 
dara, ' fell asleep.' Airmedhach, abbot' of Magh-bilfe, 
was drowned. Cemach, son of Dunchu, scribe and wise 
man, and priest of Ard-Macha, rested. Disturbance of 
the fair of Tailtiu,* at the Forads,' about the shrine of 
MacCuilind^ and the reliquaries of Patrick, and a great 
many persons died thereof The plundering of the 
Conailli by Gentiles ; and their King, Maelbrighte, and 
his brother Canannan, were taken captive, and carried 
off in ships. A battle was gained in Aighnecha,'' by 
Gentiles, over the ' family ' of Ard-Macha, great numbers 
of whom were taken captive. Death of Dunchad, son 
of Conaing,^ King of Cianachta. The dishonouring of 
Eogan Mainistrech,^ abbot of Ard-Macha, mfoigaiUnaig,^" 
by Conchobar" son of Donnchad, when his ' family ' were 
made prisioners, and his herds were carried off. Fedh- 
limidh son of Crimthann, with the army of Munster and 
Leinster, came to Fiambur,^^ to plunder the men of Bregh. 
The plundering of Liphfe by Conchobar." 



[830] 



hUidre (p. 75 b) Fochaird (Faugh- 
ard in the barony of Lower Duadalk, 
CO. Louth), remarkable as the birth- 
place of St. Bridget, and the scene 
of the death of Edward Bruce, in 
the year 1318, was anciently known 
by the n^me of Ard-Aigaech. 

'Son of Conainff. — ptii Conaill, 
corrected to -pi til Conaing in A. 

^ Eogan Mainistrecli. — " Eogan of 
the Monastery" {i.e. Manistir-Bati, 
or Monasterboice, co. Louth). Eogan 
had been Lector of that Monastery. 
The entry of this incident in MS. B. 
is slightly inaccurate. Regarding the 
cixcumstances attending the elevation 
of Eogan from the Lectorship of 



Monasterboice to the Abbacy of Ar- 
magh, see Ann. Four Mast., at a.d. 
825, and Chron. Scot, at 827. 

^'[nfoigaillnaig. — h) coigaillnais. 
This clause, which is probably cor- 
rupt, is unintelligible to the Editor. 
Dr. O'Conor renders it by " incur- 
sione noctuma.'' Rer. Bib. Script., 
Vol. IV., p. 208. The entry has 
been omitted by the Four Mast. 

" Conchoiar.— 'King of Ireland. 

^''Fiamiur. — The Four Masters, in 
the corresponding entry (a.d. 829), 
write ' Fionnabhair-Bregh ' (Fennor, 
near Slane, co. Meath), which is pro- 
bably correct. In Clar. 49, the name 
is written " Finnuir." 



330 



ocMMalcc Microti. 



■b. jet. lanaiji. OCnno "oomini -dccc." xxx.° i.° C6cna 
ops^am wfrnD fTlacae o gennwh fo cpi in oen rliip- 
Ojissain TTlucfnama7l«5moi'D7 0a TTleicy "Dpoma ttiic 
Ublae, 7 alanaile ceall. Ojas^ain T>oiniliacc 7 pini 
Ciannaccai cona cellaiB huiliB jennTjitJ. Gfijabail 
CCilella mic Colgen senncib. "Cuacal mac pepa^atc 
■00 bpeic T)o genticib, 7 fciain CC'oomtiain, TDomnuc 
TTiasan. Ops^mn poca tufiaij 7 Cotimpe o jermnb. 
Cinae'b mac Gc'oac, pi Tsal CCpai'oe in cuaifcipr;, lUju- 
larup efc pep -Doltim a pocnp puip. Cinae'o mac 
OCpTTpac, pex Coalann, ec Tdapmair mac Ruarypac pex 
aipcip tipi, mopcui ytinv. ConcoCap mac tDonnctia'ca, 
pi ©penn, mopcoup epc 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 7)omini •dccc." ocxx." 11.° OCpcpi 
mac Concobaip, abbap aipT>T) TTlacae, et; Concobap mac 
'Oonnco'oa pex Teilipo, uno menpe mopt;ui punc. 
RoaiT)pi mac TTIaelepo'capcais, leir pi .tl. CperYicain, 
mopicup. Wiall Cailli pejnape incipic 'RoiniU'D pe 
Miall 7 pe niupca'D pop jallu 1 n-T)aip6 Calsaiu Opg- 
jam cluana T)olcan gennnlS. CacpoiniU'D popmuinn- 
cip Cille "oapo inna cilt, pe Ceallac mac bpam, «bi 



' KatJan The number '400' is 

written in the margin in A., to indi- 
cate that this was the 400th year 
from the beginning of Chronicle. 

'^ Mucsnamk Mucknoe, co. Mon- 

aghan. 

^ Ui-Meith. — Otherwise called " Ui- 
Meith-Macha." For the situation 
and extent of this territory, see 
O'Donovau's Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 
1178, note c, and the authorities there 
cited. 

*2)omre(«;A-^ajAe«.-Donaghmoyne, 
in the barony of Famey, co.Monaghan. 

' Eath-Lu/raigh. — Now represented 
by Maghera, the name of a parish in 
the barony of Loughinsholin, co. 
Londonderry. See Eeevea' Down and 
Connor, p. 27. 



' Conchohar. — Added in later hand 
in A. See under the next year. 

' Artri. — See note "■, p. 309 supra. 
In the list of the comarrhs, or succes- 
sors, of St. Patrick in the abbacy 
(or episcopacy) of Armagh, contained 
in the Booh oj Leinster (p. 42), Artri 
is stated to have ruled for two years, 
the term accorded to him in the 
several lists cited by Dr. Todd (St. 
Patrick, pp. 174-183). Ware fixes 
the beginning of his government in 
A.D. 822 (Harris's ed., vol. 1, p. 43). 
See Chron. Scotorum, at a.d. 827; 
and the references to Artri under the 
years 822 and 826 supra. 

^ Cfi-Crimhtain.— Otherwise written 
Ui-Cremhthainn. A tribe of the 



ANNALS OF TTLSTEB. 



mi 



. Kal. Jan.' A.D. 831. The first plundering of Ard- [gsi.] bi 
Macha by Gentiles, thrice in one month. Plundering 
of Mucsnamh,^ and of Lughmadh, and of Ui-Meith,' and 
of Druim-mic-U-Blae, and of other churches. The 
plundering of Damliag, and of the territory of Cianachta 
with its churches, by Gentiles. Capture of AiliU, son of 
Colgu, by Gentiles. Tuathal, son of Feradhach, was 
carried ofi" by GentUes, and the shrine of Adamnan, from 
Domnach-Maghen,* Plundering of Eath-Luraigh= and 
Connere, by Gentiles. Cinaedh son of Echaid, King of the 
Dal-Araidhe of the North, was killed, through treachery, 
by his associates. Cinaedh son of Artri, King of Cualann, 
and Diarmait son of Euadhri, King of Airther-Liffe, died. 
Conchobar^ son of Donnchad, King of Ireland, died. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 832. Artri,' son of Conchobar, abbot [832.] 
of Ard-Macha, and Conchobar son of Donnchad, King 
of Temhair, died in the same month. Euaidhri, son of 
Maelfothartaigh, half-King of Ui-Crimhtain,^ died. NiaU 
CaLUi" begins to reign. A victory by NiaU'" and Mur- 
qhadh over the Foreigners, in Daire-Ohalgaidh." The 
plundering of Cluain-Dolcain" by Gentiles. A battle was 
gained over the ' family ' of CiU-dara, in their church, by 
Cellach^' son of Bran, where many were slain, on St. 



OirgMalla seated in the present baron- 
ies of Upper and Lower Slane, in the 
county of Meath. See O'Donovan's 
Ann. Four Mast., a.d. 832, note t. 

° NiaU Cailli. — The Four if asters 
refer the accession of NiaU Caille to 
A.D. 832. Bat O'FIaherty states that 
Niall began to reign in 833 (Ogygia, 
p. 434), which is the true year ; thus 
agreeing with the present Chronicle, 
the chronology of which is ante-dated 
by one year at this period. The 
original of the foregoing entry, which 
ia added in an old hand in the margin 
in A,, forms part of the text in B. 



^"Mall; i.e. NiaU Cailli, Bong of 
Ireland, mentioned in the previous 
entry. 

" Daire-Chalgaidh,. — The ancient 
name of Derry (or Londonderry). 
This victory is not noticed in the 
tract on the " War of the Gaedhel 
with the GaiU," edited by Dr. Todd. 

'^ Chain - Bolcain. — Clondalkin, 
near Dublin. 

" Cellach. — Kfng of Leinster. See 
the Booh of Leinster, p. 39, col. 2, 
and Sheai-man'a Loca Patriciana, 
geneaL ; table 11. His obit is recor- 
ded under the next year. 



332 



ccMMcclo; vilomK 



lUsalaci func mulci in pepia lohannif in aucumno. 
lujulcrcio mumni^iifiG cLuana mic U Woiv> 7 lofcu-o a 
ceptnuinn copici 'DO|iUf a cille, laPei'olinii'&tiig Caifil. 
■pon oen cumai muinnceii *0eifiniai5i co T)oiiUf a ciUe. 
TTloivf T)iairimot;a plii "Comalcaig, pegif Connachc. 
Foi. s%b. TTlofvp CobcaiT) mic TTlaile'DUin Tiejif 1a]fimunian. 
topca-D tiff moef TTlocucti 7 af "Oefmuman. tofca'b 
T)ponia in afclamT) ^ennciB. Ofsgain loca bfi- 
cefna fof Congalach mac nec-oac, 7 a mai^baT) oc 
lonjaiB lafium. Recriabifxa abbaf Cille acai'D obiic. 
■Cipfaiw mac Ruamlufa, ptimcepf T)onfinai5 8ecnaill, 
mofirup. 

]ct. lanaif. CCnno T)omini t)ccc.° occcoc." 111.° Oenguf 
mac ■pefsufa, fiex pofcfenn, mopicof, Gogan Hlanif- 
cpec, abb aif-OT) imacae ec Cloana Ifaifi'DT), ec 
CCffpaic abacifa Cille TDatio, 7)Ofmieftin7;. Ceallac 
mac bfain, fi tai^en, 7 Cinaeri mac Conainj, fex 
■Cecbae, mopcui func. SuiBne mac CCfT^fac, fex TTlos- 
-DOfiie n-uile, mrieififeccuf efz a ffiacfibuf fUif. 
Concobap mac CCilello occifUf efc a fporifiibof fuif. 
Con§alac mac Oen|ufa, fex jenefif toegaip e, mopicup. 
■CuaTCaf epifcopuf er; fcifiiba Cilia "oapo obnc. Cac 
fop ^enn^i pe n-'Ouna'cach mac 8cannlain, pi^ .Tl. 



' Dermagh. — Durrow, in the barony 
of Ballycowan, Eling's County. 

* Lis-mor-Mochuta. — " Mochuta's 
great fort " (or " inclosure "). Lis- 
more, co. Waterford. 

^ Druim-Inasclaind. — Dromiskin, 
in the parish of the same name, 
barony and county of Louth. 

' Loch-Bncerna.—So in A and B. 
But the name should be " Loch- 
Bricrenn " (the " lake of Bricriu "), 
as in the Four Mast. ; now corrupted 
to Loughbrickland, near a lake of the 
same name, in the barony of Upper 
Iveagh, CO, Down. The name of this 
lake is stated to have been derived 



from Bricriu, a chieftain who flourished 
in Ulster in the first centurj', and 
who, on account of his talent for 
sarcasm, is nick-named Bricriu mem- 
thenga Q^ Bricriu ''poison-tongue"") 
in the old Irish stories. 

° Cill-achaidh. — Killeigh, barony 
of Geashil, King's County. 

^ Ruamlus. -Under the year 800 
supra, the obit of a ' Ruamnus,' abbot 
of Domnach-Sechnaill (Dunshaugh- 
lin, CO. Meath) is given ; who was 
probably the father of the Tipraite 
here referred to. 

' Fortrmn Pictland. See note ', 

p. 118 supra. 



ANNALS OF tTLSTER. 



333 



John's day in Autumn. The killing of the ' family ' cf 
Cluain-mic-U-Nois, by Fedhlimidh, King of Cashel ; and 
the burning of its ' termon ' to the door of its church. In 
the same manner [did he treat] the 'family' of Dermagh/ 
to the door of its church. Death of Diarmait, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Connaught. Death of Cobhthach, 
son of Maelduin, King of West Munster. Burning of 
Lis-mor-Mochuta,^ and the slaughter of South Munster. 
Burning of Druim-Inasclaind" by Gentiles. The plunder- 
ing of Loch-Bricema^ against Congalach, son of Echaid, 
who was afterwards killed [by the Foreigners] at their 
ships. Rechtabra, abbot of Cill-achaidh/ died. Tipraite 
son of Ruamlus,' abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill,'' died. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 833. Oengus, son of Fergus, King of 
Fortrenn,' died. Eogan Mainistrech/ abbot of Ard- 
Macha and Cluain-Iraird, and Affraic, abbess of Cill-dara, 
' fell asleep.' Cellach/ ^son of Bran, King of Leinster, 
and Cinaedh, son of Conang, King of Tethba,'" died. 
Suibhne, son of Artri, King of all the Mughdhoma, was 
slain by his" brothers. Conchobar, son of Ailill, was 
slain by his" brothers. Conghalach, son of Oengus, King 
of Cinel-Loeghaire, died. Tuatchar, bishop and scribe 
of CUl-dara, died. A battle [was gained] over the Gentiles 
by Dunadhach,^^ son of Scannlan, King of the Ui-Fidgenti," 



' Eogan Mainistrech. — See the note 
on this name under the year 830. 

° Cellach. — Mentioned under the 
preceding year, as the perpetrator of 
a, great outrage against mmnntir, 
' family,' or community of Kildare. 

" Tethha In later times called 

Teffla, a territory comprising adjoin- 
ing portions of the present counties of 
Westmeath and Longford. The Arm. 
Four Mast, and the Chron. Scotorum 
state that Cinaedh, son of Conang, 
was King of Bregh, the ancient name 
of a district in the present county of 
Meath. A stanza in Irish regarding 



[833.] 



Cinaedh, son of Conang, written in the 
top margin of fol. 39 b in MS. A., has 
been partially mutilated by the binder. 

" His. — ruir. Omitted in A. 

^' Dunadhach. — The name of this 
chieftain is written Dunchadach in 
B. (which O'Conor prints JDunchach), 
indi Dunchadh in the Chron. Scotorum. 
But the Four Mast, write it Dunad- 
hach. See the entry of his obit 
under the next year, where the name 
is written Dunadhaigh, in the genit. 
form (nomin. Dunadhach), 

'' Ui -Fidgenti. — A powerful tribe 
anciently inhabiting an extensive ter- 



334 



CCMNCClCC tllCCDtl. 



Pi'Dserinci, ■du icopcfiorafi ill. Otijam ^ti^ne va loca 

^enncib- Op^ain SlanejPnnulSinac habae o^entJib. 
Lofca-D cltiana mic U Moif 'oeme'Dia ex maiofie papce. 
Sum bifioccain mic Cen'oepcain i ti-CCi-Dniu. 

]ct. lanaitx. CCnno 7)omini t)ccc.° ccxcc." 1111.° Slosa-D 
la Miall CO iLaigniu co]aoifi7)i5efr;afx yxi popaiB .1. bpan 
mac paelan. Cinae-D mac Neill mic CCe'Sa lugulacor 
eft; la hUlcu. liToyiex) TniT)e la Miall, co yiolofcax) 
conT)ici cec TYlaelconoc. Cumufcac mac Oenjtifa, 
Vecnap cluana mice U 'Noif, mopiruifi. Otxgi^ain pep.- 
nann 7 cluana moep, 1(TloeT»oc o geni^i^- Coemclu^ 
ababT) 1 n-aifiT) TTIaca .1. 1Po|iinT)an (0 Rac mic TTlalaif) 

1 n-inat) T)eifimoT;a (0 cigeayinan). Gcait) mac Concon- 
galr; yiex nepocum 'Cu1|^T;f^1, 7 Caincomjiac mac SiaT)ail 
equonimuip cille "oapo, 7 bpefal mac Cofimaic pifiincep-p 
Cille "Dumai slinn ec aliayitim ciuicacum, mopiuncufi, 7 
TTIoipcepcac mac Soifimjaile, omnep mojficui funr. 
Pep.5Uip mac box)bcaT)a, p-ecc Caipge bpacaTOe, lugulacuf 

Foi. 40aa. efc a flfluminenfibuf. TTlop-f "Ouna'Dais mic Scannlain 
l^epip .tl. pitigena. tofca'b Cluana mac Moif r;e]ficia 
pafir;e ipui .11. noin ma|ica. Lofcaxi TTlunsaiiiic 7 ala- 



rltory which included the present 
barony of Coshraa, in the co. Limerick. 
See the interesting note regarding the 
territory occupied by this tribe in 
O Donovan's Annals of the Four 
Masters (a.d. 1178, note m). 

' Finnabhair-abha The ancient 

name of Fennor, in the parish of 
Fennor, barony of Lower Duleek, and 
county of Meath. 

^ Of the greater part. — The MS. 
A. has " de media ex majore parte." 
But B. has merely " ex majore 
parte." See note ^, p. 306 supra. 

' Aidhne. — The ancient name of 
a territory comprising the present 
barony of Kiltartan in the county of 
Galway. 



^ Niall ; i.e. Niall Caille, monarch 
of Ireland. 

* When he ordained. — The original 
in A. is coyvonisei'caifl, and in B. also 
co1^o■015e]pca■|^, both MSS. in this 
case being obviously corrupt. The 
Four Masters {ad an.') more correctly 
write CO ifio oyvDaig ("when he or- 
dained "). 

" Tech-Maelchonoc. — The "House 
of Maelchonoc.'' In the Ann. Four 
Masters, under a.d. 834, the house 
of Maelchonoc, lord of Dealbhna 
Beathra (a territory now represented 
by the barony of Garrj'castle, King's 
County), is stated to have been 
situated at a place called Bodliam- 
mar But it has not been identified. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



835 



wherein many were slain. The plundering of Glenn-da- 
locha by Gentiles. The plundering of Slane and Fin- 
Qabhair-abha/ by Gentiles. Burning of the greater parfc^ 
of Cluain-mic-TJ-Nois. The mortal wounding of Broccan, 
son of Cendercan, in Aidhne." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 834. A hosting by Niall'' to the 
Leinstermen, when he ordained' a King over them, to 
wit, Bran son of Faelan. Cinaedh, son of NiaU, son of 
Aedh, was killed by the Ulidians. The ravaging of 
Meath by NiaU/ when it was burned as far as Tech- 
Maelchonoc' Cumuscach, son of Oengus, Vice-abbot of 
Clomnacnoise, died. The plundering of Fema, and of 
Cluainmor-Moedhoic, by Gentiles. A change of abbots in 
Ard-Macha, to wit, Foiinnan (from E.ath-mic-Malais'') in 
the place^ of Dermot Ua Tighernain." Echaidh, son of 
Cuchongalt, King of the Ui-Tuirtri ; and Caencomrac 
son of Siadal, steward of Oill-dara, and Bresal son of 
Cormac, abbot of Cill-duma-glinn" and other churches, 
died, and Muirchertach son of Gormghal — all died. Fer- 
gus son of Bodhbchadh, King of Carraig-Brachaidhe," 
was slain by Munstermen. Death of Dunadach, son of 
Scannlan, King of Ui-Fidhgehti. Burning of the third 
part of Cluain-mac-Nois, on the second of the nones of 
March. Burning of Mungairit, and other churches of 



' Rath-mic-Malais. — The " fort " 
(or "rath") of the son of Malas. 
Added by way of gloss over the 
name Foriadan, in A. and B. Now 
known as " Eackwallace," a townland 
in the parish and county of Mon- 
aghan, containing an old graveyard. 
The identification of this place is due 
to Dean Beeves. O'Conor did his 
best to prevent the possibility of iden- 
tification, by printing the name 
Baithinnmhalais, 

' In the place. — i n-inaT). iiiuon, 
A. ; innon, B. ; both of which are 



[834.] 



corrupt. The Four Mast, write i n- 
lona'Dh, which is more correct. 

' Ua Tighernain. — Descendant (or 
grandson) of Tigheman. Eegarding 
these abbots (or bishops) of Armagh, 
see _the lists published by Todd, St. 
Patnck, pp. '175-187 ; and Harris's 
Ware, vol. 1, 'p. 45. And see also 
at the year 851 infra. 

'° Cill-duma-gUnn. — Now Kilglinn, 
barony'of Upper Deece, co. Meath. 

" Carraig-Brachaidhs. — This was 
the name of a territory forming the 
north-west portion of the present 
barony of Inishowen, co. Donegal. 



S36 



aNMCcla vilavh. 



naile ceall lifitnumen o geticiB. Of.gsain -Dfioma hluns o 

let. lanaip.. CCnno T»otnini -occc." xra.° ti°. StiiBne 
mac 1ofep abbaf ^^nine -oa loca ; Soeiastiip nepoip 
Cuinn6T)a abbaf "Oefimaije, ■popbufac epifcopuf ev 
ancofica l-Ufcan, omnef ipelicice|i tucani ipiniepunr;. 
"Dunlanis mac Ca^iifai^, ppincepp Copcaige moipe, 
mopcuup efc pine communione 1 Caipiul pejum. 
^abail in "Daipcige i Cill 7)apa pop 'Popin'Dan abbaiT) 
n-aepTDT) TTlacae, co pamaxi pacpaic obcena, la 'Pei'D- 
limiTi CO ca€ 7 itTDmi, 7 po gabca 1 cacr co n-anhumaloir 
ppiu. T)epmaic -do ■duI co Connacca cum leje bt: ueocilbp 
Pocpicn. Ceall -oapa vo opgaiti ■do gentJiB o Inbip 
"Deaae, 7 pollopcaT) a lea€ na cille. Coipppi mac 
imaele'DUiTi,pextoca sabopjiugulacup epc o'lTlaelcepnaij 
ec TTlaelcepna lugulaTJUp epr; o Coipppm in eaT)em 
hopa ; er; mopt;ui punt; ambo in una nocce. ppima 
ppeT)a jencilium coeipciupc hx^e^ -i- x^elcaiB "Dpoman 
7 o "Oepmaig bpiconum, ec capiiiuop cam plupep pop- 
cauepunt; ev mopcipicauepunt; mulcop er; capT;iuop 
plupimop appculepunc. Tflepmop eT;ipcnomep7T)aup- 
mep, 7 po laxi jlapa cop anpac "di piuc. Ca'c "Opuing 
ecip Connacca inuicem, "otj iropcaip Ceallac mac 
■popbapaig ppincepp Roipp cairn, 7 CCTJorTinan mac 



'Druim-hlnc/. — O'Donovan thought 
that this was probably the place now 
called Dromin, near Dunshaughlin, 
CO. Meath. Four Mast., a.d. 834, 
note d. 

' Dermagli. — Durrow, in the barony 
of Ballycowan, King's County. 

^ Ended life hwppily. — B. has 'oe- 
■puncd punc. 

^ Corcach-mor. — The ''great cor- 
cach (or marsh)." Cork, in Munster. 
The Four Masters (a.d. 835), in 
noticing the obit of Dunlaing, style 
him, comorJa (or successor) of Bara, 



the first bishop of Cork. But Ware 
has no reference to him in his list of 
bishops of that See. 

* Forindan. — See under the last 
year ; and also Todd's Cogadh Gaedhel 
re Gallaibh, Introd., p. xlv. 

"Feidlimidh. — Feidhlimidh, son of 
Crimthann, King of Cashel. 

' Dermait. — The Dermot Ua Tigher- 
nain mentioned under last year as 
having been displaced from the abbacy 
of Armagh, in favour of Forinnan (or 
" Forannan," as the name is written 
in the Booh o/Leinfter, p. 42, col. 4). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



337 



Ormond, by Gentiles. The plundering of Druim hing' 
by Foreigners. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 835. Suibhne son of Joseph, abbot of [835.J bis 
Glenn-da-locha ; Soergus Ua Cuinneda, abbot of Der- 
magh f Forbasach, bishop and anchorite of Lusca — all 
ended life happily." Dunking, son of Cathasach, abbot 
of Corcach-mor,* died without communion, in Cashel of 
the Kings. The taking of the oratory in CiU-dara against 
Forindan,' abbot of Ard-Macha, with Patrick's congregation 
besides, by Fedhlimidh,^ by battle and arms ; and they 
were taken prisoners, with great disobedience towards 
them. Dermait' went to Connaught, with the 'Law' 
and ' ensigns ' of Patrick. CiU-dara was plundered by 
Gentiles from Inbher-Dea f and half the church was 
burned. Coirpri, son of Maelduin, King of Loch-Gabhor,' 
was killed" by Maelcerna, and Maelcema was killed" by 
Coirpri at the same moment ; and they both died in the 
one night. The first prey taken by Gentiles from the 
South of Bregh, i.e., from Telcha-Droman, and from 
Dermagh of the Britons ; and they carried off" several 
captives, and kiUed a great many, and carried away a 
great many captives. Great produce, between nut-crop 
and acorn-crop, which closed up streams, so that they 
ceased to flow. The battle of Drung between the Con- 
naughtmen themselves, in which were slain Cellach, son 
of Forbasach, abbot of Ros-cam,^'' and Adomnan, son of 



' Inb?ier-Dea. — The mouth of the 
Vartry River, which flows into the 
sea at the town o£ Wicklow, in the 
CO. Wicklow. 

' iocft-GoSAo)-.— Lagore, near Dun- 
Bhaughlin, co. Meath. 

"Killed.— By lusulacu-p efc, the 
compiler probably meant to convey 
that Coirpri and Maelcerna were 
mortally wounded in mutual conflict. 



" Carried o^— Forpoyicaueixutic, 
B. has -Duxeiiutic. The entry is 
rudely constructed. 

'- Abbot of Ros-cam. — In the Ann, 
Four Mast., at the same year, Cellach 
is described as airchinnech (or "here- 
nagh ") of Ros- Commain, now Ros- 
common, in the county of Roscommon. 
The authority of the F. M. is followed 
by Colgan; Ada SS., p. 334. 
Z 



338 



aMNalcc ulccDti. 



CClD'oail.eTi, 7 Conniriac moja uiccoja -puic tlapcacio 
ciaoT)eliffima a ^encilibtif omnitim pimum Connac- 
coiium. CC1^ ca€a pofifin "Oeif T:uaifcuifir o ^snnciB. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno ■Domini -occc." xxx." ui.° 'PLaiuiioa 
abbaf inoTiifC|i6c bnci, epifcopuf ec ancojiica, TTlafi- 
Foi. 40«i. can epifcoptif Cluana cain, yiequieueiiunu. 1TlaelT)Uin 
mac Secnufaig, \l^ pefi-Cul, 1^1101501 mac Piangalaig \i\ 
cetiiuil CCp.T)5ail, Hiacan mac pinfiiecci leiup,i Laigen, 
mopT;ui funr. Lonjap qie -pichec long tii 1\Ioii'D7)man- 
naiB ■pop, boinn. Lon^ap eile z^ie picec I0115 pop abainx) 
Li pi. Uo ploripac lapum in t)i longaip pin ma§ tipi 7 
mag mbpe§ ecip ceabla 7 "oune 7 cpeba. Roinni'D pe 
pepaiB bpeg pop ^ctUailS ec "Oeoninm 1 inu5T)opnai15 
bpej, coni'DT;opcpa'Dap pe picic ■onb. bellum pe 
^ennci^oclnbiup nam-bapc pop htl Neill o pmain-o co 
muip, "Du ippola-D dp naDpdipme-D, pex) ppimi pejep 
euappepuiTC. topca-o Innpeo cealcpaeo ^enciB. Cella 
loca Gipne n-uile, im cLuam Goaip 7 "Oaiminip, ■do 
■Diljiunn o ^ennciB. InTjpex) ceniuil Coipppi cpuim la 
Pei'Dilmiti. RoiniUT) pop TTluimnecu pe Cacal mac 
TDuipgeppo. TTlapbax) Saxoil^ coipij na n-^all la 
Clan ace. 



^ Connmhach Mor. — His obit is 
given at the 5'ear 845 infra, where 
he is described as i^ex iiepocum 
blfiiuin, or King of the Ui-Briuin, u 
tribe whose territorj' comprised a large 
district lying to the east of Lougli 
Corrib, in the co. Galwaj'. See the 
map prefixed to O'Donovan's ed- 
of the Tribes and Customs of Ily- 
Many. 

^ Northern Delsi. — A branch of 
the great tribe of the DeisI (which 
has given name to the two baronies 
of Decies, in the co. Waterford), 
whose territory embraced a large dis- 
trict lying about Clonmel, in the pre- 
sent CO. Tipperary. See O'Flaherty's 
Ogyrjia, part iii., chap. 69, and 



Joyce's Irish Names of Places (2nd 
ser., 1875, pp. 425-7). 

' Rested. — quieuep,unc, B. 

^Abhainn-Liphe. — Theriver Liffey ; 
or Anna Liffey, as the name is some- 
times incorrectly written. 

= Magh-Liphe. — The " Plain of 
Liphfe " (or Liffey). The fiat portion 
of the present co. Kildare, through 
which the Eiver Liffey flows. 

'Magh-BregL — The "Plain of 
the Bregha." This comprised the 
southern portion of the co. Meath 
washed by the river Boyne. But its 
exact limits are uncertain. 

' Victory. — iioiniUT), A. and B. 
A later hand attempted to alter 
laoiniux) to TioptiaomiuT), by inter- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



339 



Aldailedh ; and Connmhach Mor' was victor, Most cruel 
devastation, by Gentiles, of all the territories of Con- 
naught. A battle-slaughter upon the Northern Deisi,^ by 
Gentiles. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 836. Flaithroa, abbot of Manister- 
Buti, bishop and anchorite, [and] Martan, bishop of 
Cluain-cain, rested.' Maelduin son of Sechnasach, King 
of Fir-Cul ; Tuathal son of Fianghalach, King of Oinel- 
Ardgail ; [and] Eiacan son of Finsnechta, half- King of 
Leinster, died. A fleet of three score ships of the 
Norsemen upon the Boyne. Another fleet of three score 
ships on the Abhainn-Liphe.^ These two fleets after- 
wards plundered Magh-Liphe^ and Magh-Bregh," between 
churches, and forts, and houses. A victory'' by the 
men of Bregh, over the Foreigners, at Deoninne' in 
Mughdorna-Bregh, when six score of them were slain. 
A battle [was gained] by Foreigners, at Inbher-na- 
mbarc, over the Ui-Neill from the Sinainn" to the sea, 
where a slaughter was made that has not been reckoned; 
but the chief Kings escaped. Burning of Inis-Celtra by 
Gentiles. All the churches of Loch-Erne, together with 
Cluain-Eois and Daimhinis, were destroyed by Gentiles. 
The plundering of the race of Coirpri Crom^byFedh- 
ilmidh. A victory over the Munstermen by Cathal," son 
of Muirghes. The killing of Saxolbh," chief of the 
Foreigners, by the Cianachta." 



polating the letters -pj^ao. But 
■fioiniUT) occvirs often in A. and B., 
and the suggested correction has not 
therefore been followed. 

' Deoninne. — This place has not 
been identified. The territory of 
Mughdorna-Bregh, in which it is 
stated to have been situated, was in 
Bregh (or Bregia) in East Meath. 

8 Sinainn. — The river Shannon. 
See O'Donovan's notes regardmg the 
event here recorded. Four Masters, 
A.D. 836, notes, b, c. 

'" Race of Coirpri Crom.—A name 



for the people of Ui-Maine, or the 
Hy-Many, in the co. Roscommon. 

" Cathal. — King of Connaught. 
His obit is given bj- the Four 3fast. 
in this year, who add that he " died 
[soon] after " the victory above re- 
ferred to. The death of his father 
Muirges, also King of Connaught, is 
entered at the year 814 supra. 

^' Saxolbh. — Saxulf. Regarding 

this person, see Todd's Cogadh Gaed- 

hel re Gailaibh, Introd., pp. Ixvi-vii. 

^^Cianachta. — TheCianachta-Bregh, 

or Cianachta of Bregia ; a tribe 

z 2 



[836.] 



340 



aNMCcla iilccDh. 



]ct. lanaiii. CCnno -001111111 -occc." ocxx." uii.° Coiatnac 
epifcopup ec fc^iiba Cille po'^Pic, bfian Pnglaifi 
epifcopuf ec fcjiiba, 'Cijepnac mac CCexia abbaf 
Piiin-Dubpac abae ez aliapum cmicacum, "ooiriniiefimiT;. 
"Oomnall mac CCe-oa, ppmcepf "Dpoma upcaiUe, mopi- 
cup. Celiac mac Copcpaic ppmcepp int) aipicuil T»open- 
ciapocc, Celiac mac Coipppi ppincepp CCuo cpuim, 
mopcui punc. Conjalac mac Tnoenaij, pex nepocum 
piliopum Cuaip bpeg, pubica mopce tiiT;am piniuic. 
TTIaelcpon pex toca lem .1. mac Cobcaig, mopit;up. 
Rij^al mop 1 cluain Conaipe 'Commajn, ecip peiXjlimiT) 
7 Niall. T)ocut;u pancr;up epipcopup ec aricopiT;a Slane 
uicam penilem pelicicep piniuic. ■pepp7)alac equon- 
imup aip-D TTIacae obiic. bellum pe ^ennt^ib pop 
Conachca, in quo ceciDepunc 1110617)11111 piliup TDuip- 
jepa Bv alii mulr;i. bpan mac "Paelain pex Laigen 
mopicup. 

let. Ian ai p. CCnno 7)omini ■dccc." xxx.° 11111.° TTlael- 
gaimpiT) pcpiba opcimup ec ancopiT^a, abbap benncaip, 
FoL iOha. paupauit;. Colman mac Tlobapt;ai5 abbap Slane, CCex>dn 
abbap Hoip cpea, Copmac mac Conaill ppincepp 'Cpeoic, 
TYlaelpuanai-D mac Cacupaig pecnap Lupcan, mopcui 
punt;. Cumapcac mac Conjalai^, pex Ciannaccai, 
mopicup. TTluipe'Dac macGc-Dac, pex coici'o Concobuip. 
lujolacup epc a puip ppacpibup .1. CCe-o ec Oengup, ev 



occupying the district about Duleelt, 
CO. Meath. 

' Finnglais, — Finglas, a little to the 
north of Dublin city. 

^ Finnabhair-aia. — Fennor, in a 
pariah of the same name, barony of 
Lower Duleek, and county of Meath. 

' Druim- urchaille. — O'Donovau 
suggests (Ann. F. M., a.d. 837, note 
q.), that this may have been the old 
name of a place called Spancel Hill, 
in the barony of Bunratty, co. Clare. 
But Shearman thought, and probably 
with good reason, that the name 



Druim -urchaille is now represented 
by that of Dunmurraghill, in the 
parish of the same name, in the north 
of the county of Kildare. See Loca 
Patriciana, p. 112. 

^ Alricul- Dosenchiarog. — Another 
form of the name of a place men- 
tioned above under the year 809. 
See note '', p. 296. 

' Chiain-Conaire- Tommain Clon- 

curry, in the barony of Ikeathy and 
Oughterany, co. Kildare. 

" Feidhlimidh.- King of Cashel (or 
Munster). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



341 



Kal. Jan. a.d. 837. Cormae, bishop and scribe of 
Cill-Foibrigh ; Brann of Finnglais/ bishop and scribe, 
[and] Tigernach son of Aedh, abbot of Finnabhair-aba" 
and other churches, ' fell asleep.' DomnaU son of Aedh, 
abbot of Druim-urchaille,' died. Cellach son of Coscragh, 
abbot of the Airicul-Dosenchiarog,^ Cellach son of Coirpre, 
abbot of Ath-truim, died. Congalach son of Moenach, 
King of Ui-Mac-Uais of Bregh, died suddenly. Maelcron, 
King of Loch-Lein, viz., the son of Cobhtach, died. A 
great royal meeting in Cluain-Conaire-Tommain,' between 
Feidhlimidh' and Niall.' Dochutu, a holy bishop and 
anchorite of Slane, ended a long life happily. Ferdalach, 
steward of Ard-Macha, died. A battle by Gentiles over 
the Connaughtmen, in which Maelduin son of Muirghes, 
and many others, were slain. Bran,' son of Faelan, 
King of Leinster, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 838. Maelgaimridh, an excellent scribe 
and anchorite, abbot of Bennchair, rested. Colman son 
of Robhartach, abbot of Slane ; Aedhan, abbot of Ros- 
cre;" Cormae, son of Conall, abbot of Treoit,^" [and] 
Maelruanaidh, son of Cathasach, vice-abbot of Lusca, 
died. Cumuscach, son of Conghalach, King of Cianachta," 
died. Muiredach, son of Echaidh, King of Coiced-Con- 
chobair,'^ was slain by his brothers, viz., Aedh and Oengus, 



[837.] 



[838.] 



J" A iaU. — Monarch of Ireland. 

* Bran. — See above, under the 
year 834, where Bran is stated to 
have been ordained King of the 
Leinstermen, by Niall Caille, Mon- 
arch of Ireland. In the list of the 
Kings of Leinster contained in the 
Book of Leinster, p. 39, the period 
of Bran's reign is given as four years. 

^ Ros-cre — Written ifioy cttae in 
B. But like \\.of cifiea in A. Now 
Roscrea, in the county of Tipperary. 

"JVeoJf. — See note ', p. 300 supra. 
lor some curious traditions con- 
nected With Treoit (Trevet, co. 
Meath), and its etymology (crve 



•poic, "three sods"), see the Pro- 
phesy of Art son of Conn, Lehor na 
hUidre, p. 119, Lithograph copy, 
publ. by the R. I. Acad. 

" Cianachta. — The Cianachta of 
Bregh, a tribe located in the eastern 
part of the present county of Meath. 

^''CoicedCondwikair.— The " Fifth " 
(or " Province ") of Conchobar Mac 
Nessa ; a bardic name for Ulidia. In 
the list of the kings of Ulidia con- 
tained in the Book of Leinster, p. 41, 
the name of "Muridach" appears, 
the duration of his reign being givea 
as 17 years. 



342 



awMaLcc tila"oti. 



aliir niuluif. Cenneicis mac Consalais, t^ex nepoT;tini 
piborium Cuaif byieg, a fiio ipyi-acpe .1. Ceile, T)olofG 
lu^ulauuf efc. Ctiunmiiael mac pannamail, equoni- 
muf T)6timai5i, lugulacuf eyv ITlaelfecnaiU mac 
maeliiuanaix). pecc m gallaiB po^i loc ecoach, coi^oit,- 
T:ax)aia ruoca 7 celLa ouaifceiTC eiienn af f. Coemclo-o 
abboT) 1 n-ajTOT) ITIacae .1. "Oei-imaic (.ll. T::i5eiinai§) 
in-Don "Popn-Dan (0 Uav mic TTlaluiip). bellum i^e 
^eniicib poyi pipu •pojiriienn, in quo ceci-Depuiic 
enSttTian mac Oensufa ec bpan mac Oenj^Uffa, eu 
CCet) mac boanT:a ; ec alii pene nmumeiiabilef ceci- 
•oepiiiTC. iofca-D pepnaiin 7 Cofcai-be ^GimcilS. 

let. Ian ai p. CCnno -Domini -dccc" rax." ix." Opsgain 
lugmaix) vt loc ecDac genncil?, qui epifcopof ez 
ppefpiT;eiaop ec papiencep capt;iuof TDUxepunc ec aliop 
mopcipicaueiiimc. ■pLopmcuf impepaT^op ■pyiancopum 
mopiuuia. Lofcax) aipx) TTlacae cona Depcijib 7 a T>oim- 
liacc. •pei'Dilmix) pi nriuman -do mnpiux) VTlmB 7 bpeg, 
coni-D-oeifis 1 "Cempais, ec in ilia uice inDpex) Cell 7 
bei^pi la Niall mac CCexia. 

If he ■peiT)limiT> in pi, 

T)ianiT) opaip oen laici, 

Oicpige Connact; cen cot 

Ocnp Tnitie xio tnanpac. 



' Bermagh Durroiv, in the barony 

of Ballycowan, King's County. 

2 Maehechnaill. — The name is 
othenvise (and more usually) written 
51 aelsechlainn. He was King of 
Uisnech (or Meath) for ten years, 
and his accession to the monarchy of 
Ireland is recorded at the year 84G 
infra. As Maelsechlainn (or Malachy) 
I., he occupies a conspicuous place in 
Irish history because of his sturdy 
resistance to the Norse and Danish 
invaders. 

' Loch-Echach. — Lough Neagh. 

* Ua Tighernalgli, i.e., " grandson " 
(or descendant) of Tigernach. At the 



year 834 supra, where Dermait is 
stated to have been removed from 
the abbacy of Armagh in favour of 
Forannan, he is called O'Thighernan. 

'In the place. — iiTDOn (for i ninaT)), 
A., B. 

" Rath-mic-Malais. — See note on 
this name at a.d. 834. This clause 
is not in B. 

^ Fortrenn. — See note ^, p. 118 
siipra. 

^ Corcach-mor. — The " Great 
Marsh," Cork city, in Munster. 

' Floriacus For this name we 

should read " Ludovicus Pius," King 
of the Franks (who died on the 12tli 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



343 



and by several others. Cenneitigh, son of Conghalach, 
King of Ui-Mac-Uais of Bregh, was treacherously slain 
by his brother, i.e., Ceile. Crunnmhael, son of Fiannamh- 
ail, steward of Dermagh/ was slain by Maelsechnaill," 
son of Maelruanaidh. An expedition of Foreigners on 
Loch-Echach,' from which they destroyed the territories 
and churches of the North of Ireland. A change of 
abbots in Ard-Macha, viz., Dermait (da Tighernaigh*) in 
the place^ of Forindan (from Eath-mic-Malais" ). A battle 
by Gentiles over the men of Fortrenn,' in which fell 
Euganan son of Oengus, and Bran son of Oengus, and 
Aedh son of Boant ; and almost countless others were 
slain. The burning of Ferna, and of Corcach-mor", by 
Gentiles. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 839. The plundering of Lughmadh [gsfi.] eis. 
from Loch-Echach/ by Gentiles, who led captive bishops, 
and presbyters, and wise men, and put others to death. 
Floriacus,^ Emperor of the Franks, died. Burning of 
Ard-Macha, with its oratories and cathedral.^" FedUmidh, 
King of Munster, ravaged Midhe and Bregh, and rested 
in Temhair ;'^ and the plundering of [Fera]-CelP' and 
['DelbhnaJ-Bethri,'^ on that occasion, by Niall," son of 
Aedh. 

FedhUmidh"' is the King, 

To wlioni it was but one clay's work 

[To obtain] the pledges of Connaught without battle, 

And to devastate Midhe. 



of the Calends of July, 840). as 
O'Conor suggests. Rer. Hib. Sa-ipt., 
vol. 4, p. 214, note '. 

^'^ Cathedral 'DOimtiacci literally 

" stone house" (or " stone church ''). 

'' Temhair. — Tara, in Meath. 

^^Fera-Cell. — " This name was long 
preserved in Krcal, a barony in the 
King's County, now known as Eglish ; 
but there is ample evidence to prove 
that Feara-ceall comprised not only 
the present barony of Jiglish, but 



also the baronies of Ballycowan and 
Ballyboy, in the same county." 
O'Donovan's ed. of O'DuMagain, 
A pp., p. vi., note '*. 

1^ Delbhna-BeihH. — The old name 
of a territory comprising nearly the 
whole of the present barony of Garry- 
castle, King's County. 

^' Niall Monarch of Ireland at 

the time. 

1^ Fedhilmiclh. — These lines, (not in 
B.), are written in tlie lower margin 



344 



CCNMalCC UlCCDtl. 



TTloiixip TTluifica'Da iTiic CCexia l^ejif Connacc. ^uin Cin- 
aexia Tnic Cofciaaiti i^epf Opesmaine, i 'Cecbai. lofep 
Roiff moe|i, epifcopuf ez |^c]fxiba opcitnuip ec aticojxica, 
abbaf Cluana auif ev aliafium ciuiccrcutn, -DOtiniiuiT:. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini ticcc." xi.° ^entiri ipop. 
loch eacac beof. CumfUiTDUt) ipop Tnaelp,iiccnaiT) mac 
n'Donncba'Da la T)iaiimaix> mac ConcoT^aip, 7 map,baT) 
T)1al^mat;a lajium la TTlaelfecnaill in ea-oem tdig, ec 
TTlaelfiuanais in uica fiemanfiz;. CCe-o mac "Ouncha'oa 
Foi. 4065. lujulacuf eyv T)olofe a focnf Conaing mic ■piaiiro 111 
confpeccti eiuf. tonspofiT; oc unn 7)uacaill ay^a jiopca 
cuaca 7 cealla "Cecbai. Lonspoyit: oc "Ouiblinn 
affxoifica Laigin 7 Oi Meill ev\\i rua^a 7 cealla, copice 
■jpliaB bla-oma. Slogax) la Pei-Dlimn) copici Cajimain. 
Sloga-D la 'Niall a\i a cenn coi^ice TTla§ n-occaifi. 

Oacal ■peiT>limiT) P5I15, 

pojxacbcro if na tiiriaigniti, 

"Oofpuc I'll all CO neyic naca, 

CC cefic in caca claitimij. 



of fol. 406 in A., with a mark indi- 
cating tlie place where tliey might be 
introduced into the text. 

1 Kivg. — ifiegi-p. Om. in B. 
^ BregJimaine. — A territory now 
represented by the barony of Brawny, 
CO. Westmeath. 
3 Tethba. — See note*, p. 316 supra. 
^ Cluain-Eois. — Written sometimes 
cLuain auif in the text. Clones, in 
the CO. Monaghan. After this entry, 
the following note is added in a later 
hand in MS. B. : — CCtinf a m-bba- 
gain fo tiof cansa'DUifi Coclanmr) 
a ii-Ciifiinn aiicu-p tio i^eip, anc 
V encuf a. " In this year below 
(soil. 840) the Lochlannachs came 
first to Ireland, according to the 
senchus (*' history "). 

^ Victorij. — The word in the text 
is cunfifurTDUTi, which is decidedly 
corrupt. In the corresponding entrj' 
in the Ann. Four Masters (at the 



same year) the word employed is 
flfiaoiiieaT), which means a "break- 
ing," '"rout," or "defeat." 

^ Maelruanaidh. — King of Uia- 
nech (or Meath) ; and father of 
Maelsechnaill (or Malachy I.), who 
became King of Ireland in a.d. 847. 
See at the year 846 injra, and the 
note on Maelsechnaill under the 
year 838 supra. 

'' Llmi-BuachaiH. — The "Linn (or 
' Pool') of Duachall." The name of 
some harbour on the coast of the 
CO. Louth ; most probably DunJalk 
harbour. But see Todd's Cogaclh 
Gaedhel re Gallaibh, Introd., p. Ixii., 
note '■- This fortress, or encamp- 
ment, was of course formed by the 
Foreigners. It was a long way from 
it, however, to Tethba, a district 
comprising parts of the present coun- 
ties of Westmeath and Longford. See 
p. 316 ante, note '. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



345 



Death of Murchadh, son of Aedh, King' of Connaught. 
The mortal wounding of Cinaedh, son of Coscrach, King 
of Breghmaine,^ in Tethba.' Joseph of Eos-mor, a 
bishop . and excellent scribe, and anchorite, abbot of 
Cluain-Eois^ and other churches, ' fell asleep,' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 840. Gentiles on Loch-Echach still. 
A victory' over Maelruanaidh° son of Donnchad, by 
Diarmait son of Conchobar; and Diarmait was after- 
wards slain by Maelsechnaill the same day ; and Mael- 
ruanaigh remained alive. Aedh, son of Dunchad, was 
treacherously slain by the companions of Conaing, son of 
Fland, in his presence. A fortress at Linn-i)uachaill,^ 
from which the territories and churches of Tethba^ were 
plundered. A fortress at Dubhlinn,^ from which Leinster 
and the Ui-Neill were plundered, both territories and 
churches, as far as Sliabh-Bladhma.'" A hosting by 
Feidhlimidh as far as Carman." A hosting by NiaU to 
meet him, as far as Magh-ochtar." 

The crozier'^ of vigil-keeping Fedhlimidh, 

"Whicli was left on the thorn-trees, 

Niall bore oif, with usual power, 

By right of the battle of swords. 



[840.] 



' Teihba. — See last note. 

" Dubhllnn. — Literally, » Black- 
pool," from which the name " Dub- 
lin"' is derived. This fortress was 
also formed by the Foreigners, and 
is supposed to have been erected on 
the site of the present Castle of 
Dublin. 

'^'SUabTi-Bladhma. — Now known as 
the Slieve-Bloom Mountains, on the 
Cunfines of the King's and Queen's 
Counties. 

'' Carman — Magk-ochtav. — The 
names of two places in the present 
county of Kildare ; the first (Carman) 
in the south, and the second in the 
north of the county. O'Donovan 
was wrong in taking " Carman " to 



be the same as " Loch-Garman," the 
old name of Wexford. See his ed. 
of the Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 810, 
note h. It is strange that such an 
acute topographer and scholar, as 
O'Donovan undoubtedly was, should 
have considered it likely that King 
Fedhlimidh, marching from Cashel to 
meet the King of Ireland somewhere 
in Kildare, should go round hy Wex. 
ford, where the Ui- Ceinnselaigh would 
probably have given him very short 
shrift. But the correction of the error 
(which unfortunatelyhasbeen repeated 
over and over again in works of seem- 
ing authority) would occupy more 
space than could be devoted to it here. 
^^ Crotier. — The original of these 



346 



aNNala ulcroh. 



jet. latiaip. OCnno Tjomim t)ccc." xl.° i." TTltiiTieTiac 
mac Cefincdj;, equonimuf aiyiT) TTIocae, moiiiciiii-. 'S^inn'^i 
•pop T)uibbnti beoyi. pinfnechra mac bpe^ail abbaf 
CiUe "Duinai glmn, CumfUX) mac RuamUifa abbaf 
Domnai^ Secnaill, omnef moiai;ui funr. ■pei'obmi'D 
CiUe mofG enifi, epifcopuf, qineinr;. TTlael'DUin mac 
Conaill, \i\ Calaciaoma, 7)0 eiigalSail -oo seniTCiT?. Oiigsain 
CLuana mic Noif o ^ennciB v\ tinn "otiacail. Opssain 
bipop 7 Saispe o ^ennciB "di "Dutblitin. Longaf 
■Mo|iT)mannopum pop boinn, -pop tinn poipp- Longap 
■NopTimaiiTiopum oc tinn pailec la Ulcu. Tnopan mac 
1nT)peclicai5, abb clocaip mac n-T)aimeni, tdu epgabail 
■Dij jallailS Linnae, 7 a ec leo iapum. Comman abbap 
Linne "ouacail do jum [-do] lopcax) ^enncilS 7 ^oixie- 
laiB. Opgain -cipipt; 'Diapmaca ^ennuiB "di coel 
tiipce. Ceallach mac Cacgm, abb "Opoma moep la 
hU ecac, 'DopmiuiT;. "Dunsalmac ■pepgaile, pi Oppaige, 
mopicup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomini T)Ccc°. xl". 11.° TTIopp 
TTlaelpuanai'D mic "Oonncaxia (.1. pi ITli'be 7 achaip 
Tlflaelpechlainn). TTIopp Cauail mic Concol5aip. CCpc- 
cagan mac "Domnaill lugulacup epu T)olope, a Utiapsg 



lines (not in B.) is -written in the top 
margin of fol. 406 in A., with a mark 
of reference to the proper place in the 
text. They were meant to be severe 
against Fedhlimidh, King of Cashel, 
"who was a sort of ecclesiastic. 

1 See note ■*, p. 345. 

2 See note ^ p. 344. 

* Dubliim.^Tbe Four Mast. (841) 
say ta "grii^aib bfimne, " by the 
Foreigners of the Boyne. " But see 
Todd'sCot/adhGaedhelreGallaibhjixlT. 

^ Linn-Rois. — The " Pool of Kos." 
That part of the Boyne (according to 
O'Donovan) opposite Eosnaree, in the 
barony of Lower Duleek, co. Meath. 
Four Mast., A.D. 841, note q. 



'' Clochar-mac-nDaimeni. — Clogher, 
in the co. Tyrone. See Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. Ill, note c, where some 
curious information is given regarding 
the history of this place. 

"Linn.- — Apparently the place re- 
ferred to in the next entry. 

' Comman. — Called Caemhan in the 
Ann. Four Mast., and Chron. Scoto- 
ntm, in both of which authorities he 
is stated to have been put to death 
by Foreigners alone. But the Trans- 
lator of the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
(at the year 839) states that " Koe- 
wan (abbott of Lyndwacliill), was 
both killed and bm-nt by the Danes, 
and some of the Irishmen." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



347 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 841. Muiredach son of Cernach, 
steward of Ard-Macha, died. Gentiles on Dubhlinn^ still. 
Finsnechta son of Bresal, abbot of Cill-Duma-glinn ; 
Cunisudh son of Ruamlus, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill — 
all died. Feidhlimidh of Cill-mor-Enir, a bishop, rested. 
Maelduin son of Conall, King of Calatraim, was taken 
prisoner by Gentiles. The plundering of Cluain-mic-Nois 
by Gentiles from Linn-Duachail.^ The plundering of 
Biror and Saighir by Gentiles from Dubhlinn.' A fleet 
of Norsemen on the Boyne, at Linn-Rois.'' Another fleet 
of Norsemen at Linn-sailech in Ulster. Moran, son of 
Indrechtach, abbot of Clochar-mac-n-Daimeni° was taken 
prisoner by the Foreigners of Linn/ and afterwards died 
with them. Comman/ abbot of Linn-Duachail/ was 
wounded and burned by Gentiles and Goidhel. The 
plundering of Disert-Diarmata,' by Gentiles from Cael- 
uisce." Cellach son ofCathgen, abbot of Druim-mor^' in 
Ui-Echach, ' fell asleep.' Dungal, son of Fergal, King of 
Osraighe, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 842. Death of Maelruanaidh son of 
Donnchadh, (King of Midhe, and father of Maelsechlainn^^). 
Death of Cathal, son of Conchobar. Artagan, son of 
Domnall, was treacherou.sly slain by Ruarc" son of Bran. 



[841.J 



1842.J 



^ Liun-Duachaill. — See note ' under 
the year 840. 

^ Bisert- Diarmata. — " Diarmait'a 
Desert " (or " hermitage "). The old 
Irish name of Castledermot, a place 
of importance anciently, in the south 
of the County of Kildare, and about 
four miles to the eastward of the 
Eiver Barrow, along which the 
" Gentiles " from Cael- Ui-sce probably 
made their way into that part of 
Kildare. 

1" Cad-uisce ; i.e. the " Narrow- 
water," between the head of Carling- 
ford Lough and Newry, co. Down. 



^^ Dmivi-vior ; i.e., the *' great 
ridge." Now Dromore, in the barony 
of Upper Iveagh, co. Down. 

^ Maehechlainn. — Malachy L, King 
of Ireland. The name is often found 
written Maelsechnaill. See note on 
the name under the year 838 supra. 
This clause, which is not in B., is 
interlined in a later hand in A. 

^^ Ruarc. — He was king, or chief, 
of the powerful Leinster tribe called 
the Ui-Dunlaing. His death is re. 
corded at the year 860 infra. See 
Shearman's Loca Patriciana, geneal. 
Table xi., facing p. 223. 



348 



cm N alec ularoti. 



mac bpoin. Cinae-o mac Conpoi, \iex genefiif Loisaifie, 
lUsuloT^Uf efc T)elBni. CumfU-o mac TDepefio ei; 
ITloinaismac SorcaDaig, -duo epifcopi ec •duo ancopi^e, 
in una nocr;e mopi;ui func 1 n-'oififit; 'OiafimaT;a. ^e\i- 
5up mac po^aiK, pex Connacbr;, mofiicup. "Donnacan 
mac TTIaelecuile, fcpiba ex: ancopica, in Icalia quieuic. 
8uibne mac potiannain, abbay Imleco po, moifvicuia. 
C0I5U mac ^6-0015 ancopica paufauic. 
Foi. 4:ao. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomini t)ccc.° xL° 111.° TTlaelmi^is 
mac Cmae-oa lugulacuf eyz a ^encilibup. Tlonan abbap 
Cluana mic 'Noif "Oopmiuic. bpiccem abbaf Lo^pi 
obiir;. Lopcax) cluana ■pepT;a OpenTjam ^encilS vo 
loc Ri. 

let. lanaip. CCnno -oomini tdccc." 3cl.° 1111° "PoifiimDan 
abbaf aipT) ITlacae ■du efijaBail "du ^ennuiB 1 Cloen 
comap7)ai, cona minxiaiB 7 cona muinnT;ip, 7 a b]ai€ tjo 
lonsaiB tuimnig. Ops^ain vwn TTlafc ^en'Tci^.'DU in 
po mapbat) CCc'd mac T)uiBT)acpic abb "Cipe "oa jlaip 7 
Cluana ei-onis, 7 tdu in po mapba-o Cefcepnac mac Con- 
■Dinaipc, pecnap Cille Dapo, 7 alaile ile. T)una'D v\ 
^allaiB {a. la 'Cupseip) pop loc Ri,- copopca-oap Con- 



' Two. — 11 (for •duo), a. Om''' in B. 

2 Night. — nocce, A. nocce, B. 

» See note ', p. 347. 

' Imlech-Jia. — See note ^ p. 194 
sitpra. 

' By Gentiles. — a genncibtip, B. 

° Lothra Lorrha, in a parisli of 

tlie same name, barony of Lower 
Ormond, and county of Tipperary. 

' Forindan. — Or Forannan. See 
the entries regarding tliis ecclesiastic 
at the years 834 and 838, supra. 
His return from Munster is noticed at 
the year 845. 

' Cluain-comarda. — Written ctoen 
C0tTiaTiT)ai in A. and B. According 
to Dean Reeves this place, the name 



of which signifies the" Lawn (or pad- 
dock) of the sign, or token," now- 
known as " Colman's Well," a village 
in the barony of Upper Connello, in 
the southern border of the CO. Limerick, 
See Todd's Dano-Irish Wars, Introd., 
p. civ., note ^. 

^ Luimnech. ^Limerick. 

^° Du?i-Jfasc. — Now known as the 
Eock of Dunamase, a little to the east 
of Marj-borough, in the Queen's Co. 

'^ Tir-da-glas. — Terryglass, in the 
barony of Lower Ormond, county of 
Tipperary, where there are some 
ruins, the remains of an imposing 
monastic establishment. 

'- Cluain-Eidhnigh. — Clouenagh, in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



349 



Cinaedb, son of Curoi, King of Cinel-Loeghaire, was slain 
by the Delbhna. Cumsudh son of Derero, and Moinach 
son of Sotchadach, two bishops and two^ anchorites, died 
in the one nightf' in Disert-Diarmata.' Fergus, son of 
Fothach, King of Connaught, died. Donnacan son of 
Maeltuile, scribe and anchorite, ' rested ' in Italy. Suibhne 
son of Forannan, abbot of Imlech-fia,* died. Colgu son 
of Fedach, an anchorite, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 843. Maelmithigh, son of Cinaedh, 
was slain by Gentiles." Ronan, abbot of Cluain-mic- 
Nois, ' fell asleep.' Bricceni, abbot of Lothra," died. 
Burning of Cluain-ferta-Brendain, by Gentiles from 
Loch-Ri. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 844. Forindan,'' abbot of Ard-Macha, 
was taken prisoner by Gentiles in Cluain-comarda," with 
his reliquaries and his ' family,' and carried ofi by the 
ships of Luimnech." The plundering of Dun-Masc'" by 
Gentiles, wherein was slain Aedh son of Dubhdacrich, 
abbot of Tir-da-glas" and Cluain-Eidhnigh,'" and wherein 
were slain Ceithernach son of Cudinaisc, vice-abbot of 
Cill-dara, and several others. A host'" of the Foreigners 
(i.e. with Turges") on Loch-RI, so that they destroyed 



[843.] 



[844.] 



the barony of Maryborough West, 
Queen's County. 

'3 Sost. — The word in ,the text is 
■DUiia'D, which signifies ' fortress,' 
' encampment,' ' army,' or multitude. 
In the Chron. Scotorum, at A.D. 845, 
the word used is Tiun, which mean3 
a 'fastness,' or 'fortress,' In the 
Cogadh Gaedkel re Gallaibh, the 
corresponding terra is totigeY', a fleet 
(from U)n5, a ship). Todd's ed., p. 
12. The Four Mast, have floijeT), 
a hosting, or expedition. 

" With Turges. — The original of 
this parenthetic clause, which is not 
in B., has been added in al. -man. in 
A. The identity of this Turges (or 



Turgesius, as his name has been 
Latinized), who seems to have made 
himself very odious to the Irish by 
his oppression and cruelty, has for 
centuries been a subject of idle con- 
jecture. Giraldus Cambrensis, Top. 
Bib. Dist. iii , c. 38, identifies Tur- 
gesius with the Gormund of Geoffrey 
of Monmouth's Chronicle (lib. xi. c. 
viii.) But Father Shearman tries to 
prove that this so-called African King 
Gormundus was a chieftain of the 
Leinster sept of MacGormans. Loca 
Patridana, p. 215. See O'Donovan's 
ed. of Ann. Four Mast., a.d. 843, 
notes d. — g, and Todd's War oj the 
Gaedhil with the Gaill, Inlrod., p. Iii. 



350 



CCMNCClCC ulat)ti. 



nacca7 1711X16, 7 co fiolofcaifec Cltiain mic Moif cona 
■oeiacaigilj, 7 Cluaen pejica bfienT)ain, 7 'Cifi 7)0 jlaf f , 7 
Lociia 7 alaile cacjaaca. pacna mac TTlaelebfiefail, 
abbafPintTDubi^acabae, mofiicuyi. ^of^'iiSC'^ "i^c THuip- 
eT)aic, epif copiif ez anco[iica tmnne leiiae, quieuir;. Cav- 
tioiniu^ y:oJ^ ^^nnce fie Nialb mac CCexia 1 maig lea. 
Op,55aiti "Oonnca-oa mic pollomam 7 121011111 mic 
TTlaeLiiiiaiiaig, la TTlaelfeciiaibl mac TTlaeliauanai'D. 
'Cujigef 'DU epsabailla ITlaelfecnaill, 7ba'Dufi "Cuiiisef 
ilLoc oaijT. lafium. tabfiaixi mac CCilello abbaf 8laiie 
mopicufi. Uobapcac mac bjiefail, abbaf achaix) bo 
Cainnis, moincuia. Robaiicac mac piainn, abbaf 
"Oomnaismoep, moficuf. "OunaTi tji gallaiB CC^a dure 
oc Cbuanaib aiTDobuip. 

let. lanaif. CCnno T)omiiii -dccc." xl." u.° Cacal 
mac CCilello \iex iiepoT:um TTlaine, Pepftiomiiac fapienf 
ec fcpiba op^cnnuf aifiDD TTlacae, Coimmac mof mac 
Cofcfaig fex nepocum bfiiuin, T)opmiefunc. Opg^ain 
Foi. 41 06. Oaiflicce T)o senncit). Niall mac CCe-oa fex 'Cempo (.1. 
ic liniie Weill pop Callaint)), meppione mopriitip epc. 



1 See note ", p. 348. 

2 See note % p. 348. 

' Finnabhair-abha.- — Fennor, near 
Slane, co. Meath. 

* Lann-kire. — See note '', p. 205, 
supra. 

^ Niall. — King of Ireland. 

^Browning of Turges. — In none of 
the Irish Clu-onicles is it absolutely 
stated that Turgesius was drowned by 
Maelsechnaill (or Malachy I.) ; the 
statement being that Turgesius was 
drowned after his capture. But 
Mageoghegan, in his translation of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, at A.D. 
842, says, "Turgesius was taken by 
Moyleseaghlyn mac Moyleronie, and 
he afterwards drownded him in the 
poole of Loghware adjoining to 
Molyngare." In the Book of I.einsier 



also (p. 25, col. b,) it is positively 
asserted that Turgesius was drowned 
by Maelsechlainn. The silly story 
given by Giraldus (Topog. Hib., 
dist. III., u. 40) alleging that Tur- 
gusius was assassinated by 15 j'Oung 
Irishmen, disguised as females, is 
without any foundation whatever. 

' Loch- Uair — Now known as Logh- 
Owel, in the co. Westmeath. 

^ Achadh-bo-Cainnigh. — The " field 
of (St.) Canice's cows." Aghaboe, in 
the Queen's County. 

® Cluana-andobair. — Ctuana an- 
cobctilfl, B. This place has not been 
identified. The Four Masters, in the 
corresponding entry in their Annals 
(A.D. 843), add that the "fold of 
Cill- achaidh '' (Killeigh, barony of 
Gcashill, King's Countj',) was burned ; 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



351 



Connaught and Midhe, and burned Cluain-mic-Nois, "with 
its oratories, and Cluain-ferta-Brendainn, and Tir-da- 
glas/ and Lothra/ and other establishments. Fiachna 
son of Maelbresail, abbot of Finnabhair-abha/ died. 
Gormghal son of Muiredach, bishop and anchorite of 
Lann-leire/ rested. A battle was gained over the 
Gentiles, by Niall' son of Aedh, in Magh-Itha. The 
plundering of Donnchadh son of Fallomhan, and of Flann 
sonof Maelruanidh, by Maelsechnaill, son of Maelruanaidh. 
Turges was taken prisoner by Maelsechnaill ; and the 
drowning of Turges'' subsequently in Loch-Uair.'' Labraidh 
son of Ailill, abbot of Slane, died. Robhartach son of 
Bresal, abbot of Achadh-bo-Cainnigh,° dies. Robhartach 
son of Flann, abbot of Domnach-mor, died. An encamp - 
ment of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath at Cluana-andobair.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. Sio. Cathal son of AiliU, King of L8*5.] 
Ui-Maine ; Ferdomnach, a wise man, and excellent scribe, 
of Ard-Macha, [and] Connmhach Mor," son of Coscrach, 
King of TJi-Briuin, 'fell asleep.' The plundering of 
Baislic" by Gentiles. NialP^ son of Aedh, King of 
Temhair, died by drowning (i.e., at Linne-Neill on the 
Calland''). 



from which it would appear that 
Cluana-andobair was in the neigh - 
bourhood of Killeigh. 

'" Connmhach-Mor.—See above at 
the year 835. 

^^Baislic Baslick, iu the parish of 

the same name, barony of Castlereagh, 
county Koscoinmon. 

i2iVia??.--Niall Caille, monarch of 
Ireland. The name " Niall," with the 
epithet " CaiUe," is added in the margin 
in A., and interlined in B. Niall Caille 
has been regarded by Irish writers gene- 
rally as one of the legitimate kings of 
Ireland. But it is strange that his name 
does not appear iu the list contained in 



the Book oj Leinster (pp. 2i-26). This 
may be an accidental omission. The 
beginning of Niall's reign is noticed 
at the year 832 (=833), supra. 

^^Calland, — Represented by \Cb. 
in A. and B., in each of which the 
original of the clause is interlined. 
Supposed to be the River Callan, 
which flows by Armagh city, and 
joins the Blackwater a little to the 
north of Charlemont. O'Donovau 
thought that the " water " (or river) 
meant was the Callan (otherwise 
called King's River), in the co. Kil- 
kenny. (FoMj- Mast. A.D. 844, note n.) 
But this seems unlikely. 



852 



ttNMala uLaroti. 



Ml cafiaim in tiifci n-T)«abaif 
Imceic feoc coeB fn'afiaif, 
CC CallaiTTD ce notnaiT)e 
TTlac mna baiT)e fio batii-p 

Tnaeltiuin mac Conaill, \iex Calacpoma, logulax^ur a 
lasenetifibtiip. 111011 mac Citinpaela'D, ^ex nepocum 
P'D^ennci, mopicuri. beUum ^o\i Connacca yie ^allaitS, 
in quo Tlisan mac peifi^Ufa, 7 TTl 05^011 mac "Oiarimoca, 
7 CCex) mac Ca^iiannaig, ex: aln mult;i, ceci-oeiautiT:. 
Roinnrofie'Cisepnac -poia TTlaelfecnaillypop, Huaiiilcc, 
in quo cjfiuciTiaT;! func mulci. TnuiifieT)ac mac pianiT), 
abb monifci^ec Ouci, moiicu[u]f eye. popin-oan abb 
aifiTj-oTTlacae "ou T;iacht;ain a cifiiB TTluman, co minnaiB 
Pai;]fiaicc. Coii^py^i mac Colmain, abb CCua rpuim, mofi- 
cuuf efc. Conaing mac pefiTDomnaig, abbap T)omnai5 
Paciaaicc, mopcuuf efc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 7)omini "dccc." ocl.° ui.° pei'olimi'D 
(.1. mac CiiimT;ain), \iex TTluman, opcmiuf Scocoifium, 
paufauit; i^cfiiba ec ancopica. tTlaelfecnailL mac 
tTlaelfiuanais p-egnajae incipit;. "Cogal innfi loca 
muinyiemaiifi la TTlaelipecnaill ■pop pianlac map "oi 
maccaib baif iuigne 7 ^aleng pobacap oc in'opiu'b na 
cuac mope ^encilium. HoiniU'D map pe Cepball mac 



' Ui-Fidgenti. — See note ', p. 150 
supra, 

^ Maelsechnaill. — The beginning of 
his reign as monarch of Ireland is 
entered under the next year. See a note 
respecting him at the year 838 supra. 

' Ruarc. — Ruarc, son of Bran, chief 
of the XJi-Dunlaing, and for nine 
years King of Leinster, See above 
under the year 84i2. His death is 
recorded at 861 infra. 

' Forindan. — Mentioned above at 
years 834 and 838. 



' Ath-truim. — Trim, co. Meath. 

° Domnach - Patraic. — Donagh- 
patrick, in a parish of the same name, 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 
The first of the entries for this year, 
namely the obit of Cathal son of 
Ailill, King of Ui-Maine, is here 
added in a later hand in A. 

' Son of Crimthan. — The original 
of this clause is added by way of 
gloss in A. and B. 

' Of the Scoti — ScocoifvuTn. Om. 
in B. 



ANNALS -OF ULSTER. 



353 



I love not the hateful water, 

Which flows by the side of my house ; 

O, Oalland, though thou may'st boast of it, 

Thou hast drowned the son of a beloved mother. 

Maelduin, son of Conall, King of Oalatruim, was slain by 
Leinstermen. Niall son of Cennfaeladh, King of Ui- 
Fidgenti/ died. A battle won over the Connaughtmen, 
by Foreigners, ' in which Rigan son of Fergus, and 
Moghron son of Diarmait, and Aedh son of Oathrannach, 
and a great many others, were slain. A victory by 
Tigernach over Maelsechnaill,^ and over Huarc,' in which 
many were killed. Muiredaeh son of Flann, abbot of 
Manistir-Buti, died. Forindan,^ abbot of Ard-Macha, 
came from the lands of Munster, with the reliquaries of 
Patrick. Coirpre, son of Colman, abbot, of Ath-truim,^ 
died. Conaing, son of Ferdomnach, abbot of Domuach- 
Patraic,^ died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 846. Fedlimidh (i.e. son of Crimthan'), 
King of Munster, the best of the Scoti,' a scribe and 
anchorite, rested. Maelsechnaill, son of Maelruanaidh 
begins to reign.' The demolition of the island of Loch- 
Muinremar" by Maelsechnaill, against a great band of 
' sons of death '" of the Luighne'^ and Gailenga," who 
were plundering the districts after the manner of the 
Gentiles. A great victory by Cerbhall" son of Dungal 



[846.] 



' Begins to reign. — As King of Ire- 
land. Added in the margin in A, 
See under the year 838. 

^^ Loch-Mulnremar, — Now Lough 
Kamor, near Virginia, in the barony 
of Castlerahan, co. Cavan. 

^^^ Sons of death'; i.e. malefactors. 
O'Conor incorrectly renders the orig- 
inal, di maccaib bais, by " Vulgi 
profani." 

^Luighne. — A district now repre- 
sented bythebarony of Lnne,co.Meath. 



^^ Gailenga. — Otherwise Gailenga- 
mora. Now known as the barony 
of Morgallion, in the north of the 
county of Meath. 

" Cerhhall. — King of Ossory 
(during 40 years, according to the 
Booh of Leinster, p. 40, col. 5). For 
much interesting information regard- 
ing the history of this remarkable 
man, who is stated to have been King 
of the Danish settlement in Dublin, 
and somo of whose descendants are 
2 A 



854 



ccNNala ulccoTi. 



.b. 



"Oungaile pop CCsonn, in quo ceciT)eiiunc T)a cez "oeac. 
TDaelsoan mac Gcoac, yiex ceniuil, Oo^aine, moiT.T;utiip 
eyo. CealUic mac TTlaelparfiaic, pecnab pep Roif 
■oep abanTD, moinctip. Connmac mac Cepnaij, le^pi 
Ciapai-De Connacc, mopriiuf epc. CCiactiip mac THuiiie- 
Doig, pi lapraip lipi, mopT;iiuf efc. Carol mac Copcpaic, 
pi ■porapc, nisulacuf epc a nepocibup NeiU. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno "Dommi t)ccc.°. xl.° ini.° Mnc 
ma^na in ]Calent)if 'Pebptiapii. pnpnec-a ttiibm^i, 
aiicopica, ec peoc ConnachT; anrea, mopDiuif eyv. 'Ctia^- 
cop mac Cobrai§, pex Luigne, mopcuup epr. Cau pe 
Tnaelpeciiaill pop genci i "Popaij, in quo ceciT)epunc 
•mi. ceu. helium pe n-Olcobup pi TTluman, 7 pe 
lopssan mac Cellaig co laignnr, pop^ennci ecc pciair 
Meccain, in quo ceciTiic "Uompaip epell ranipe pig 
Foi. iUa. Laiclinne, 7X)a ceu; 'Dec imbi. Romiuxi pe Tigepnac pop 
gennci 1 n-T)aipiu ■Dipipc "Doconna, in quo ceci'oepunt; 
■oa cec -Decc. Roinui-D pe n-euganacht; Caipil pop 
^ennci ice "Dun TDaelecuile, in quo ceciTJepunt; .u. cec. 



alleged to have become great persons 
in Iceland (both statements i-esting, 
apparently, on insufficient authority). 
See the references in Todd's Coyadli 
Gaedhll re GaUaihh^ indicated in the 
Index under Cearhhall. s. of Dung all, 
and Shearman's Loca Patriciana, 
pp. 353, 356. The Irish Chronicles 
make no mention of Cerbhall's king- 
ship of Dublin, or of the alleged 
connexion of his descendants with 
Iceland. 

''■ Agoim. — OhOn, in A. and B., 
which O'Conor renders by " de proe- 
donibus." The Chron. Scotorum (a.d. 
847) has ogonT). See that Chronicle, 
ed. Hennessy,p. 148,note '. The Four 
>/«»«., in the corresponding entry (a.d. 
845) write poTV gallaib CCca cliac 
("over the Foreigners of Ath-cliath 
(' Dublin '), which may be correct "). 



'' Ciwil-Boghaine. — See note ", p. 85, 
supra. 

' Vice-abbot. — ^ocnap. The Four 
Mast. (a.d. 845) write pjiioip, 
('' prior "). 

■" Fera-Rois, south of the Ricer 

Probably the River Lagan, which 
divides the southern part of the co, 
Monaghan from the counties of Meath 
and Louth. The territory of the 
Fera-Eoig, a name still represented 
in Magheross and Carrickmacross, 
comprised the barony of Farney, in 
the south of the co. Monaghan, 
together with adjacent parts of the 
two latter' counties. 

^ Ciaraidhe (or Ciarraidhe) .— A 
district afterwards known by the 
name of Clann Ceithernaigh,or Clan- 
kerny, near Castlereagh, in the county 
of Roscommon. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEB. 



35c 



over Agonn,' in which twelve hundred were slain. 
Maelgoan, son of Echaid, King of Cinel-Boghaine,^ died. 
Cellach, son of Maelpatraic, vice-abbot' of Fera-Rois, 
south of the River/ died. Connmach, son of Cernach, 
half-king of Ciaraidhe*^ of Connaught, died. Arfcuir, son 
of Muiredach, King of Iarthar-Lifi,° died. Cathal, son of 
Coscrach, King of Fotharta, was slain by the Ui-Neill. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 847. Great snow on the Kalends of P'^'l ^^'s- 
February. Finsnechta of Luibnech/ an anchorite, and 
previously King of Connaught, died. Tuathchar, son of 
Cobthach, King of Luighne, died. A battle [gained] by 
Maelsechnaill over Foreigners, in Forach,' wherein seven 
hundred were slain. A battle [gained] by Olchobar, 
King of Munstei', and by Lorcan, son of Cellach, with the 
Leinstermen, over the Foreigners, at Sciath-Nechtain," 
in which Tomrair Erell,'" tanist of the King of Lochlann, 
and twelve hundred along with him, were slain. A 
victory by Tigernach" over the Gentiles in Daire-Disirt- 
Dochonna," in which twelve hundred^' were slain. A 
victory by ihe Eoghanacht-Caisil over the Gentiles, at 
Dun-Maeletuile, in which five hundred were slain. A 



° larthar-Lifi. — See note ', p. 100, 
svpra. 

' Finsnechta of Luihnech. - Regard- 
ing tliis Finsnechta (or Finnachta), see 
the Chron. Scotorum (ed. Hennessy), 
p. 148, note ^. O'Donovan erred 
greatly regarding the situation of 
Luibnech, now Limerick, in the parish 
of Kilcavan, co. Wexford. See Ann. 
Four Mast., a.d. 846, note w. 

aFoToch. — Now Farragh, near 
Skreen, in the co. Meath. 

" Sciath-NecMain. — " Nechtan's 
Shield (or Bush)." See this place 
mentioned at tlie year 769, supra. 

l" Tomrair-Erell. — Regarding this 
prominent character, see Todd's 
" War of the, Gaedhil with the Gaill," 
Introd., p. Ixvii., note *. 



^^ Tigernach. — In tlie Ann, Four 
Mast. (846), and the Chron. Scotorum 
(848), Tigernach is called King of 
Loch- Gabhar, a district the name of 
which is now preserved in that of 
Lagore, in the barony of Ratoatb, co. 
Meath. 

*' Daire - Disirt-Dochonna. — The 
" oak-wood of Dochonna's desert." 
This place has not been Identified. 
Todd states (War of the Gaedhil, &c., 
Introd., p. Ixviii., note) that it was 
in Ulster. But this is unlikely, as 
the victor was King, or prince, of 
a district in the south of the co. 
Meath. 

13 Twelve hundred. — The Four Mas- 
ters (846) and Chron. Scotorum (848) 
give the loss of the " Gentiles " at 

2 a2 



356 



ccMMttla uLoroTi. 



Coemclo'D abba's i n-ajiT) TTlacae .1. "Oiejimaic in uicem 
PopitToain. TDiapmaic Cille Can "ootinnuiT;. 

]ct. lanaiifi. CCnno Tiomini t)ccc.° act." «iii.° Conamg 
mac ipiaim) iriex bpeg moi^icufi. Coitippi mac CinaetJO 
Xiex nepocom TTlael mojacuuf efn. pinpnechca mac 
T)iafimaca abbaf "Ooimliacc, TTlaelpuacais abbaf m\vo 
bpecain, Oncu epifcopuf ec ancopica Slane, obiepunc. 
CCiliLl mac Cumiivcai§, fiex toca cat, mopicup. pLaic- 
beprac mac Ceilecaip occiptif epc a ppaT:pibup fuif. 
muippecc .tin. OCX. long T)1 muinnnp pi§ 5<^ll 'oit ciach- 
cain 7)U cabaipc gpeamma popp na ^aillu pobartap 
ap a ciunn, co commapcpar; hGpenn n-uile lapum. 
1nT)pecht;ac abb lae vo ciacbcain T)ocum n-Gpenn co 
minuaib Coluim cille. Robapcac mac Coljen, abbap 
Slane, exulauic. piannacan mac Gc'oac, pex T)ail 
CCpaiT)e in cuaipcipc, lugulacup epc a jenepe ©ujam. 
TTlaelbpepail mac Cepnaig, |iex TTlus'Dopna, lu^ulacup 
epc a gencilibup pope conueppionem fuam aT) clepicop. 
CCipnTDan abbap Oenncaip xiopmuiiT;.- popbaip TTlael- 
fecnaill hi Cpupaic. 

"jet. Gnaip. CCnno 'Domini -occc." xl.° ix.° Cecariac 
abbap Cluana mic U Kloip, 7 'Cuacal mac pepa-oaic 
abbap ■Rechpam) 7 "Depmai^e, 7 pepcap mac TTluipe- 
'&aisppinceppl.ainnelepe, T)epuncci punc. Oengupmac 



" twelve score," which seems more 
reasonable. 

^Change of aibots. —This is the 
third instance recorded in this chron- 
icle of a change of abbots at Armagh, 
in connexion with the names of 
Forindan and Diarmait. See above, 
at the years 834 and 838. 

2 Cill-Can So in A. and B. But 

the Four Mast, write the name Cill- 
Caisi, now Iinown as Kilcash, in the 
parish of Kilcash, barony of ISaand 
Offa East, co. Tipperary. 



' Ui-Mail — A tribe anciently occu- 
pying a district including the Glen of 
Imail, in the present co. of Wicklow. 

* Loch-CaL — The name of this 
territory is still preserved in that of 
Loughgall, a parish in the county of 
Armagh. 

' Reliquaries — In the partial trans- 
lation of this Chronicle in Clar. 49, 
Brit. Museum, co miri'Daib is ren- 
dered by with his [Colura Cille's] 
" oathes or sanctified things." 

° Lived in cxi7e.— exulauic. The 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



357 



change of abbots^ in Ard-Macha, to wit, Diarmait in the 
place of Forindan. Diarmait of Cill-Can» ' fell asleep." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 848. Conaing, son of Fland, King of 
Bregh, died. Coirpri, son of Cinaedh, King of Ui-Mail,» 
died. Finsnechta son of Diarmait, abbot of Daimliag ; 
Maelfuataigh, abbot of Ard-Brecain, [and] Onchu, bishop 
and anchorite of Slane, died. Ailill, son of Cumuscach, 
King of Loch-Cal,* died. Flaithbertach, son of Celechar, 
was killed by his brothers. A naval expedition of seven 
score ships of the people of the King of the Foreignera 
came to exercise power over the Foreigners who were 
before them, so that they disturbed all Ireland afterwards. 
Indrechtach, abbot of la, came to Ireland, with the 
reliquaries' of Oolum-CiUe. Kobartach son of Colgu, 
abbot of Slane, lived in exUe.° Flannacan,' son of 
Echaid, King of Dal-Araide of the North, was slain by 
the Cinel-Eoghain. Maelbresail, son of Cernach, King of 
Mughdorna, was slain by Gentiles, after his conversion to 
religion.^ Airendan, abbot of Bennchaij^ ' feel asleep.' 
Encampment of Maelsechnaill in Crupait." 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 849. Cetadhach, abbot of Oluain-mic- 
U-Nois ; and Tuathal son of Feradhach, abbot of Rechra^" 
and Dermagh," and Ferchar son of Muiredhach, abbot of 
Lann-Mri," died. Oengus, son of Suibhne, King of Mugh- 



[848.] 



[849.] 



Four Masters give his obit under the 
year 847=849. 

' Flannacan His name is not in 

the list of the Kings of Dal-Araide 
contained in the Book of Leinster, 
p. 41, col. 5, 

8 Conversion to religion. — po|"t; 
cotitiep.|>ionem ^niam an clep.icof . 
This means that Maebresail had em- 
braced a religious life. See the Ann. 
Four Mast. (847), and Chron. Scot- 
orum (849). 

8 Crupatt. — The name ia "Cru- 
fait" in the Ann. Four Mast (847), 
which is also the form in Lebor no 



h-Uidre, p. 127a, where the ancitnt 
name of the place ia stated to have 
been Roe ban, *' while plain" (or 
" field "). It has not been identified. 
O'Donovan suggests (_F. M., a.d. 
847, note n) that it may be the place 
now known aa Croboy, in tho barony 
of Upper Moyfenraih, co. Meath. 

^"Sechra. — Lambay Island, to the 
north of Howth, co. Dublin. 

'' Dermagh — Durrow, in the barony 
of Ballycowan, King's County. 

*' Lann-leri, — Otherwise written 



Lann- 
supra. 



hire. See note ", p. 205 



358 



awNCcLa ulcct)li. 



Suibne, ]iex THustioiina, msulariif eyz o S^PP'^ P^^*^ 
1TI aelbiaigwte. Cinae-o mac Conaing, ]iex Ciannaccae, 
•oil ppicun-Decc ITlaelfecnaiUanneuiacsall, cop'inT>iii'D 
Ou Neill fiiiaiiiT) co muifx ecip cella 7 uiaua, 7 co fi' 
oiTC innfi Loca jabup-Dol-Ofe, copbo comap.T)T) vP-i « lap, 
7 cojiolfCfaT) leif t)eii^ac 'Cpeoic 7 qii xx'^ TDec di 
■DOiniB ann- binoen mac Ruaxifiac, yiex nepocum Cpa- 
Foi. 41W. iinirain, ec •duo gepmani euif .1. ■pogeprac ev Opuai^up, 
iiisulaci ptinc a ppacpibup puip. 

let. lanaip. dniio -oomini ■dccc." l.° C0I5511 mac 
CeaUaig ppincepp Cille commae, 8caniial mac "Cib- 
paici ppincepp T)omnai5 SecnaiU, OLcobap .1. mac 
CiiiaeT)a pex Caipil, mopcm punc. Cinae'D mac 
Coiiainj, pex Ciannacbca, Demeppup ept: in lacu cpu'Deli 
mopce, ITIaelpecnaiU 7 'Cigepnac, t)i poepmaib "Deg 
-Dome n-Gpenn 7 comapbbai pacpaic ppecmlicep. 

monuap a •oome niaici, 

Oa pepp a laici cluici ; 

TTT&p liach Cmaecb inac Conamg 

hi loman-D t)Ocuiii cuiti. 
■Cecacc •Dubgennci •du CCo cliac, co palpac dp mop du 
pinngallaib, 7 co po [pjbacpac in longpopc ecip "ooine 
7 moine. SLac vo -DulSgenncib oc LinT) -ouacail, 7 dp 



^ Garfidh. — "^ctl^piT), A. TheFoiir 
Musters (84:8) write the name '5cxi]fi- 
ijecli . 

" Maeheclmaill. — King of Ireland 
at the time. 

- To the sea ; i.e. from the Shannon 
eastwards to the sea. The words co 
muip. (•' to the sea ") are erroneously 
represented in A. and B. by connm. 
The liberty has been taken of amend- 
ing the text, on the authority of the 
Aim. Four JJast. (848), and the Chron. 
Scotorum (850). It appeared plain, 
besides, that the compiler of (his 
Chronicle intended to use the same 
form of expression, o pinaiiTD co 



mui^x, employed under the year 836 
supra, where the extent of the terri- 
torj- of the (southern) Ui-Neill was 
thus indicated. 

^ Level with the surface The expres- 
sion in the text, coin ajfiTiT) pp,i alaia, 
means " bqually high with its floor." 

^ Was burned. — coyioLpcpaT), for 
CO \io lopcaT), A. B. 

<' Cill-Toma. — Kiltoom, in tl\e 
parish of Faughalslown, barony of 
Fore, and county of Westmeath. 

^ Cinaedh — See under the last 3'ear 
where hia rebellion against King 
Maelsechnaill (or Malachy I.), and 
his depredations, are recorded. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



359 



dorna, was killed by Garfidh/ son of Maelbrigte. Cinaedh, 
son of Conaing, King of Cianachta, turned against Mael- 
sechnaill/ through the assistance of the Foreigners, so 
that he wasted the Ui-Neill, both churches and districts, 
from the Sinainn to the sea/ and treacherously destroyed 
the island of Loch Gabhar so that it was level with tlie 
surface ;* and the oratory of Treoit was burned' by him, 
and 260 men in it. Braen son of Ruadhri, Kins of Ui- 
Cremthain, and his two brothei-s, viz., Fogartach and 
Bruatar, were slain by their brethren. 

Kal. Jan. AD. 850. Colgu son of Cellach, abbot of 
Cill-Toma ;" Scannal son of Tibraite, abbot of Domnach- 
Sechnaill, [and] Olchobar, i.e., the son of Cinaedh, King of 
Caisel, died. Cinaedh' son of Conaing, king of Cianachtti, 
was drowned in a pool," a cruel death, by Maelsechnaill 
and Tigernach," with the approval of the good men of 
Ireland, and of the successor of Patrick especially. 

Alas,'" O good people, 

His days of play were better ! 

Great grief that Cinaedh, son of Conaing, 

[Should be taken] in ropes to a pool. 

The coming of Black Foreigners to Ath-cliath, who made 
. a great slaughter of the White Foreigners; and they 
plundered" the fortress, between people and property. 
A depredation by the Black Foreigners at Linn-Duachail, 
and a great slaughter of them [the White Foreigners].'^ 



I850.J 



"Drowned in a pool. — in Laca. 
According to the Ann. Four Mast. 
(849), Cinaedh was drowned in the 
Ainge (written Angi in the Chron. 
Scotorum) (851), now called the 
Eiver Nanny, which divides the 
baronies of Upper and Lower Duleek, 
in the county of Meath. 

' Tigernack. — King, or lord, of 
Loch-Gabhar, in Meath. See under 
the year 847. 



'^"Alas ! — The original of these lines, 
not given in B., is added in the lower 
margin of fol. 416, in A. 

^ They plundered. — co laolacpac, 
tor CO fio i^lacjrac, A. and B. The 
Four M. (at 849) have co \\o 
imjifiyec ; the Chron. Scotorum 
(851) 5up. inx)iixpoc, conveying 
jiearly the same meaning as the 
expression in the text. 

^HVhite Foreigner.'. — Supplied from 



360 



CCMNalCC UlCfDll. 



mofi TOib. Cotigalac -piliui^ li^galaic, i^ex CoiUe 
i:oUarhain, mopi^up. RigDal i n-aifvoT) TTlacae ecip 
TTlaelfecnaill co maiciB leici Cuinti, 7 ITlaco'&an co 
mairiB Colo's Concobaip, 7 T)epmaic 7 pecgna co f ama^ 
Pacpaicc, 7 Suajilec co clei|iciB TTli'De. Caifiell mac 
Rua'6i\ac, yiex loca hUaicne, lujulacuf efc T)olofe anve 
popcam opacopii ^156^110)5 hi Cluain auiy^, ConaiUi6 
■peyinmui^i. Ocu mac Cepnais, yiex pep Roif, incefi- 
peccuf epc a sencilibup. 'Cippaici nepop Oaicenaig, 
abbap Liff moeji, "oopmiuir;. 
•b. |ct. lanaiix. CCnnoT)omini -occc." L.° 1." "Duo hepe'Def 

Pat;picn .1. popinnan fcyiiba ec epifcopup ec ancoyiica, 
et; T)epmaic fapienciipi^imuf omnium "ooccopum Gu- 
popae, quieuepunc. Uafcotiio aiyiT) ITlacae o gaUailS 
LiiTDae T)ie famcapc Luce ochc xac'^ long "di pin-DgenciB 
"DO poaccoDap. "du cac ppi TDubjennci "do fiiarYi OCi^nec- 
T^pi La 7 cpi airci oc cacugaT) xioaib, ace ip pe ii-"0uil5- 
gennri pom meabai -0,00 papg^abpaca ceile aUotija leu. 
8cain pugiciuup euapie, ec lepcne necolLaeup lacuic. 
¥oii2aa. TlTloensal abbap CCipD'oe ppaca, ec CennpaelaT) mac 
ULcaiii papienp Ooice conaip, ec Lepjal ppmcepp 
Ocnae,T)opmiepunc. IPofsepcac mac TTlaelebpepail, pex 



Ann. Four Mast. (849), and Chron. 
Scotorum (851). 

^ Coille-Follamhaln. — According to 
the Felire of Oenffus, the church of 
Kosseach, (Russagh, in the barony of 
Moygoish, co. Westmeath), was in 
Caille-Fallamain. See Stokes's ed., 
p. cxlv. 

' Leth-Chuinn. — " Conn's Half." 
The northern half of Ireland. 

' Matodhan King of Ulidia. His 

obit is recorded at the year 856 infra. 

* Provinceof Conchobar. — A bardic 
name for Ulster, oyer which Couchobar 
Mac Nessa ruled in the first century 
of the Christian Era. But Matodhan 
was only King of Ulidia, or that 



portion of Ulster comprising the 
present county of Down, lyith part of 
Antrim. 

^ Diarmait. — This was the person 
so often referred to in these Annals, 
in connexion with the Abbacy of 
Armagh. See note ^ under the year 
847 supra. 

* Loch- Uaithne This name is now 

represented by " Loughooney," in the 
barony of Dartry, co. Monaghan. 

' Cluain-auls. — Clones, county 
Monaghan. 

* Fera-Rois — See a note respecting 
this district, at the year 846 supra. 

^ Eeira. — In the margin in A. the 
scribe has added the number 420, that 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



361 



Congalach, son of Irgalach, King of Coille-FoUamhain/ 
died. A royal meeting in Ard-Macha, between Maelsech- 
naiU, with the nobles of Leth-Chuinn," and Matodhan? 
with the nobles of the province of Conchobar,* and 
Diarmait' and Fethgna, with the congregation of Patrick, 
and Suarlech with the clerics of Midhe. Cairell son of 
Ruadhri, King of Loch-Uaithne,' was deceitfully slain 
before the door of the oratory of Tigemach in Cluain- 
auis,' by the OonaiUi of Fernmagh. Echu, son of 
Cernach, King of Fera-Rois/ was slain by Gentiles. 
Tipraite Ua Baithenaigh, abbot of Lis-mor, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 851. Two heirs' of Patrick, viz., [85L] bis. 
Forindan, scribe, and bishop, and anchorite, and Diarmait, 
the wisest of all the doctors of Europe, rested. Devasta- 
tion of Ard-Macha by the Foreigners of Linn" on the 
day of Sam-chase." A fleet of eight score ships of White 
Gentiles came to fight against the Black Gentiles, to 
Snamh-aignech. They were three days and three nights'* 
fighting ; but the Black Gentiles were successful, that 
the others left their ships with them. Stain" escaped by 
flight, and lercne" was beheaded. Moenghal, abbot of 
Ard-sratha, and Cennfaeladh son of Ultan, wise man of 
Both-Conais,'^ and Lergal abbot of Othan," ' fell asleep. 
Fogartach son of Maelbresail, King of the Airghialla, 



being the number of years elapsed 
since the beginning of the Chronicle 
(431). 

^'Linn; i.e. Linn-Duachaill. See 
above, at the year 841, and Todd's 
War of the Gaedhil, &c., Introd., p. 
Ixii., note i. 

" Sam-chase. — " Summer Easter.'' 
The Four Mast. (850) write an 
•DOitinac lap, ccaifc (" the Sunday 
after Easter,'" rendered by " the 
Sunday Iffore Easter" in O'Dono- 
van'a translation). But according to 
other authorities, Sam-chase was a 
name for the fifth Sunday after 



Trinity Sunday. See Chron. Scot- 
orum (ed. Hennessy), p. 152, note ^. 

'^ Three days and three nights — 111. 
ta 7 .111. aicci, A. B. 

'3 Stain. — Written like 8cam 
(Stam) in A. and B, 

'* lercne. — Written eijvcne in B. 

^' Both- Conais The remains of 

this ancient ecclesiastical establish- 
ment have been discovered by Dean 
Beeves in the townland of Carrow- 
more, in the parish of Culdaff, barony 
of Inishowen East, co. Donegal. 
Adamnan, p. 405, note g. 

" Olhan Fahan, in the parish of 



362 



ccMMala ulcroti. 



iia n-CCiplialLa, moyiiT;ufi. Cacal mac "Dubaen, fiex 
Oa ii-'Duac CCi^cac|\oif, mojiicup. 'Popbafac mac 
ITlaeluixiifi, piaincepr CiLle mope Citi7)eic, mopicup. 
CCp T)! 5«l-^«i^ oconai15 inpitj aipcip Opej, 7 ap aile tic 
paic CCLT)aiii la Ciannaclic, in uno menpe. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ■dccc." l.° 11.° CCilill mac 
Hobapuaife ppincepp Lupcan, er; piann mac UechcabpaT) 
abbap leic TTIancam, ec CCilgenan mac "Donnjatle pex 
Caipil, T)epuncr;i punc. CCmlaim mac pij taictm-De do 
cuiTiechc a ii-epinx), copogiaUpat; '^mll GpeiTo t)6, 7 cip 
o ^oi'^s^'^ib- Gcuigepn mac ^uaipe, pex Laigen 
"oeyjaljap, lujulacup eyz ■oolope a Opuacap pilio CCe-oo 
7 CepbalL pilio "Oungaile ; ec Opuacap pilitip CCe-oo 
lugulacup epc "oolope a pocnp puip 11111.° -Die pope lugu- 
lacionem eccigepn. 'pLa^nia abbap bipop, epipcopup, 
obiii;. Cepnac mac ITlaeLebiiepaiL, pex Cobo, mopirtip. 
Cacmal mac TJomalcaig, lee pi Ulau, a Mop'o'Dmannip 
incejipeccup epc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini xiccc." l.° 111.° TDuacal 
mac TTlaelebpisci, pex nepocum "Ounlaingi, lugulacup 



Fahan Upper, barony of Inisliowen 
West, CO. Donegal. Formerly called 
Otlian-Mura, from its founder St. 
Mura, an eminent ecclesiastic and 
poet. See Todd's Irish A'ennius, p. 
222, note q., and Reeyes' Colton's 
Visitation, p. 66. 

^ Ui -Duaoh of Argatros . — The 
name of the tribe and territory of 
Ui- Duach is still preserved in that of 
the parish of Odogh, in the north of 
the present co. of Kilkenny. But 
the territory was anciently much 
more extensive than the present 
parish of Odogh. 

2 At ilie islands — ocotiaib nipiB, 
A. and 13., apparently a 'nistake for 
oc tiaib inpil5, the more correct form. 



8 Rath-Aldain. — According to 
0' Donovan {Aim. F. M., a.d. 850, 
note g ), this place is now known as 
Rathallon, in the parish of Moore- 
churcli, barony of Ujiper Duleek, co. 
Meath. 

' Liath-Hfanchain — Lemanaghan, 
in the barony of Garrycastle, King's 
County. 

« Amhlaiin. — Over the last m of 
the name in A. and B. it is suggested 
that the name should be " Amhlaip." 

« Of Lochlaind. — Corruptly writ- 
ten LaicliiToe in A., and Laittinne 
in B. But it has not been considered 
necessary to alter the text 

' Echtiyern. — The name of Echti- 
gern appears in the list of the kings 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



363 



died. Cathal son of Dubhan, King of Ui-Duach of 
Argatros/ died. Forbasach son of Maeluidhir, abbot of 
Cill-mor-Cinneich, died. A slaughter of the Foreigners 
at the islands^ of the east of Bregha ; and another 
slaughter at Kath-Aldain" in Cianachta, in the same 
month. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 852. Ailill son of Robartach, abbot of [852.] 
Lusca ; and Flann son of Rechtabhra, abbot of Liath- 
Manchain ;* and Ailgenan son of Donngal, King of 
Caisel, died. Amhlaim^ son of the King of Lochlaind,^ 
came to Ireland, when the Foreigners of Ireland submitted 
to him, and a tribute [was given] to him by the Gaidhel. 
Echtigem' son of Guaire, King of South-Leinster, was 
treacherously slain by Bruatar son of Aedh,^ and by 
CerbhalP son of Dungal ; and Bruatar son of Aedh^ was 
treacherously kiUed by his confederates on the 8th day 
after the slaying of Echtigem. Flaithnia, abbot of Biror," 
a bishop, died. Cernach son of Maelbresail, King of 
Cobha," died. Cathmal son of Tomaltach, half-king of 
XJlidia, was slain by the Norsemen. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 853. Tuathal son of Maelbrighte, king f853.] 
of Ui-Dunlaing,'° was deceitfully killed by his brothers. 



of Ui-Cendselaigh, (or South Lein- 
ster), in the Book of Leinster, p. 40, 
col. 1, where the duration of his rule 
is set down as nine years. His slayer 
is described as Bruatar, son of Dub- 
gilla, King of the Ui-Drona, (a tribe 
occupying a territorj' now represented 
by the barony of Idrone, co. Carlow). 

8 Bruatar son of Aedh. — See last 
note. 

8 Cerbhall. — He was King of Ossory 
during 40 years, according to the 
Book of Leinster (p. 40, col. 5). See 
a note regarding Cerbhall at the year 
846 supra. His obit is given at the 
year 887. 

^"Biror. — Birr, in the King's County. 



'^ Cobha. — The short form of a 
name otherwise written " Ui-Echach- 
Cobha, and "Ui-Echach-Ulad." A 
powerful sept, whose territory is now 
represented by the baronies of Upper 
and Lower Iveagh, in the County of 
Down. See Reeves' Antiqq. of Down 
and Connor, pp. 348-52. 

12 Ui~Dunlaing. — This was the tribe 
name of a powerful family in Leinster, 
descended from Dunlang, who was 
King of that Province in the third 
century. See Shearman's Loca Pa- 
triciana, Geneal. Table, No. 7. The 
name of Tuathal occurs in the list of 
the kings of Leinster in the Book of 
Leinster, p. 39, col. 2. 



364 



CCMMalCC UlCCDtl. 



eyv T)olofe a iptxcrcpibuf fUif. TTlaelfecnoill fiex 
■Ceriipo "oo T)ul co pyiu TTluman copici im)euin na 
n-"Deipi, a n-jialla t)0 cabaipt;. llepep Coluim cille, 
fapienf opcimuip, .1111. it) mdp^a apuT) Saxonef maficit^i- 
aacup. Cpec *Oomnai5 moip icip 'Ci^epnac 7 pLaiTD 
mac Conams, ace ip pe plant) pomemait)- 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini t)ccc.° l.° 1111.° Cacan 
abbanppa Cille t)apo mopiTiup. Sneachca co pepnu 
pep .IX. ]ct. TTlaii. Cpec la hCCe-B mac Weill co h'Ulr:u, co 
Foi. 42o5. papjab Connecan mac Colmain 7 'Plaiubeprac mac 
Weill, 7 pocai'fte cena. p'npneccai ppa«t)e lujulorup 
epc .1. mac TTlaelbpi^ci. Tlui'&5«p mac IfTlaciiia-D, abbap 
moinipT;pecbuiT;i,t)imeppup epc. CCilill abbap CCchait) 
boo, RobapcaC abbap innpe cam "Dega pcpiba, 7 
THuipe'fiac pi aipt)e Ciannacca, mopt;ui punt;, 
.b. let. lanaip. CCnno tjomini T)ccc.° l.° u.° Coipne mop 

7 piccec comT;ap puippi ppim loca 7 ppim aibne 
epenn t)U cpai^ecaiB 7 mapclaijiB a .ix. |Ct. T)ecim- 
bip upque at) .tin. iT)up lanuapn. 'Cempepciiopup 
annup ec appepippimup. TTIaelpe^naill mac TTlael- 
puanaij 1 cCaipiul, co t;uc jiallu ITIiiman. Coca-o mop 
ecip^ennci 7 tTlaelpecnaill co n-'5all50it)elai^ leip. 
*Depcec Lupcan vo lopca'5 a ■Mopt)t)mannip. TloiniU'6 
mop pe n-CCe'5 mac Weill pop 5«^l-5«ei'&elu 1 n-jlinn 



' Indeoin-na-nDeii. — The " Anvil 
of the Desi." This name is still par- 
tially preserved in that of Mullagh- 
noney (the "summit," muUach, of the 
inneoin, or " anvil "), a townland in 
the parish of Newchapel, barony of 
Iffa and Offa "East, co. Tipperary. 
See Joyce's Irish Names of Places, 
2nd Series, pp. 197-8. 

^ Success^'T The Four Masters 

(at 852) call him Indreachtach. He 
is mentioned above at the year 848, 
as having come to Ireland with the 
reliquaries of Colum Cille. See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 890. 



' To the shoulders. — co i^fiomnu, 
B. A. has CO pejinu, " to the 
shields." 

* Manister-Buti. — Now Monaster- 
boice, CO. Louth, founded by Buti (or 
Buite), son of Bronach, whose obit 
is given above at the year 518. 

' Drowned. — The Four Masters 
add (a.d. 853), that Kuidhgus was 
drowned in the Bdinn (Boyue). 

' Achadh-bo. — Or Achadh-bo- 
Cainnigh. The " field of St. Canice's 
cows " Now Aghaboe, in the barony 
of Clarmallagh, Queen's County. The 
name is written a6i'6 boo in A. ; but 



ANNALS OF ULSTEB. 



365 



Maelsechnaill, king of Temhair, went to the men o£ 
Munster as far as iDdeoin-na-nDesi,' and brought their 
pledges. The successor* of Colum-Cille, the best sage, 
was martyred by Saxons on the 4th of the Ides of March. 
The plundering of Domnach-mor, between Tigernach and 
Fland son of Conaing ; but it is by Fland it was won. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 854. Cathan, abbess of Cill-dara, died. [85*. 
Snow up to the shoulders' of men, on the 9th of the 
Kalends of May. A preying expedition by Aedh son of 
Niall to the Ulatd, when he lost Connecan son of Colman, 
and Flaithbertach son of Niall, and many more besides. 
Finsnechta was slain by treachery, viz., the son of 
Maelbrighte. Ruidhgus, son of Macniadh, abbot of 
Manister-Buti,* was drowned.' Ailill, abbot of Achadh- 
bo f Robartach, abbot of Inis-cain-Degha,' a scribe, and 
Muiredhach, King of Ard-Cianachta,^ died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 855. Great ice and frost,' so that the [855, 
principal lakes and rivers of Ireland were passable for 
pedestrians and horsemen, from the 9th of the kalends of 
December to the 7th of the ides of January. A most 
tempestuous and harsh year. Maelsechnaill, son of 
Maelruanaigh, in Caisel, when he brought away the 
hostages of Munster. A great war between the Gentiles 
and Maelsechnaill, with whom were the Gall-Gaidel.^" The 
oratory of Lusca was burned by the Norsemen. A great 
victory by Aedh, son of Niall, over the Gall-Gaidel," in 



achaiT) boo in B., which is more cor- 
rect. 

^ Inii-cain-Deffha. — Iniskeen, in 
the barony of Upper Dundalk, co. 
Louth. 

^ Ard-Cianachta.- -X district now 
represented by the barony of Ferrard, 
in the county of Louth. 

Frost.— f\ccez,A..,B. ; probably 
for ■pecca'D, " freeEing," 

" Gall-Gaidel — "Voieiga Gael." 
Dean Reeves regarded them aa the 



descendants of the Irish settlers in 
the Western Isles [of Scotland]. 
Adamnan, p. 390, note b. For further 
information regarding these Gall- 
Gaedhil (or Dano-Iri«h, as O'Donovan 
calls them ; Ann. M. F., A D. 854, 
note t). see Fragm. of AnnaU, pp. 
129, 139, 141, 233 ; and Todd's War 
of the Gaedhil, &c., in the places re- 
ferred to in the Index under " Gaill- 
Gaedhil." But Skene, with much 
reason, suggests that the Gall-Gaidel 



S66 



awNala ulcroti. 



Fol. 426(r. 



PoicLe CO )^a lav leif ap 'Dirnoji xiuh. nofim coepec na 
n-'DubsenriT:! lugulcrcup epT; la Uua'Spais mac meifi- 
Tninn, ifii^ m-bpecan. Suibne nepof Roicbc, y^cfiiba en 
ancoi^it;a, abba)'" Lff moe]!, Cofimac tacftaig Ofiiuin 
fcfiiba ec epifcopuf, in pace ■DOjimiepiinc. SoDomna 
epifcopup Slane TnapcipiZaciip. 

]ct. laiiaip. (Xtino T)omiTii -occc" l.° iii.° RoinniTi pe 
n-1map 7 pe n-CCmlaip pop Caiccil pitiT) co 11a ^ull- 
?;ae'5elai15 bi cipil5 TTluman. TTloensal abb Pobaip 7 
8iaf)al "Dipipc CKipain pequieuepunc. 'mauiiTiaii mac 
TDuipetiaij, peoc Ulac, mopiciip. "Cpiap -do lopca-o 1 
■Caillre T)i reniT) th mm. Uencup maximup co pa la 
pi-oap, CO compcap innpi loca. Celiac 'dkxic, 

bai penac pmn pocail 

Wecea pop poepaiB pecaib, 

■Cpep blmtiain tif ap bpecmb, 

CCp. rpicuic ap CU1C cecaib. 
]ct. lanaip. CCniio -Domini t)ccc.° l.° uit." Cumpuc 
epipcopup ec ancopica, ppincepp Cltiana ipaip-oT), in 
pace paupauic. Cinaeti mac CCilpin pex piccopum, 7 
CCT)Ulp pex Saxan, mopcui punc 'Cippaici ban abbap 
"Cipe Tia slap [mopcuup epc]. TTlaelpecnaill mac 
TTlaelpuanai^ co pepaib epenx) -oo rmxiecbc hi cipe 



were the people wlio gave name to 
the district of Galloway, now forming 
the counties of Wigtown and Kirk- 
cudbright, in Scotland. Chron. Picts 
and ScotSf Preface, pp. Ixxix.-lxxx, 
See also the references in the same 
work, under the name " Galloway " 
in the Index. 

^ Glenn- Foichh. — Now known as 
Glenelly, a district coinciding with 
the parish of Upper Bodoney, barony 
of Strabane Upper, co. Tyrone. See 
Dean Beeves' interesting note on this 
district, CoUons Visitation^ p. 55, 
note 0. 

^RuadAri. — Probably Bodhri the 



Great, whose death is recorded in the 
Annaks Camlriai, and in Brut y 
Tywysogion, at A.D. 877. 

^ Mermen, i.e., Mervyn. See 
Annales Camhrlce, and Brut y Tywi- 
sogion, at the year 841, 

* Lis-mor. — Lismore, in the county 
of Waterford. 

^ Lathrach-Briuin Laraghbryan, 

in the parish of the same name, 
barony of North Salt, and county of 
Kildare. 

'' Caittil Find. — For other forms of 
the name of this person, see Todd's 
War of the Gaedkil, &c., Introd., 
p. Ixxi., note ', 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



367 



Glenn-Foichle,' where a great slaughter was made of 
them by him. Horm, leader of the Black Gentiles, was 
slain by Kuadhri," son of Merminn,' King of Britain. 
Suibhne Ua Roichligh, a scribe and anchorite, abbot of 
Lis-mor,* Cormae of Lathrach-Briuin/ a scribe and bishop, 
slept in peace. Sodomna, bishop of Slane, was martyred. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 856. A victory by Imar and Amlaibh, [85G l 
over Caittil Find" with his Gall-Gaidhel,' in the territories 
of Munster. Moengal, abbot of Fobhar,' and Siadhal of 
Disert-Chiarain," rested. Matudhan, son of Muiredhach, 
King of Ulidia, died." Three persons were burned in 
Tailltiu" by fire from heaven. A great storm, which 
caused great destruction of trees, and broke down lake 
islands. Cellach said: — 

Since the fair great synod of Nice 
Was [held] in noble manner, 
The third year, not by false reckoning, 
On thirty over five hundreds.'^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 857. Cumsuth, a bishop and anchorite, [857.] 
abbot of Cluain-Iraird, rested in peace. Cinaedh" Mac 
Alpin, King of the Picts, and Adulf," King of the Saxons, 
died. Tipraiti Ban[bhan], abbot of Tir-da-glas [died]. 
Maelsechnaill, son of Maelriianaigh, with the men of 
Ireland, went into the territories of Munster, and stayed 



' Gall-Gaidhel. — See the note on 
tliis name under the last year. 

' Fohhar. — The monastery of Fore, 
in the barony of Fore, co. Westmeath. 

' Disert- Chiarain. — Now Castle- 
kceran, in the harony of Upper Kells, 
CO. Meath. 

'» Died. — In the list of the Kings of 
Ulidia in the Book of Leinster it is 
stated (p. 41, col. 3) that Matudan 
died in pilgrimage. 

" TailUiw Teltown, in the barony 

of Upper Kells, co. Meath. A place 
much celebrated In ancient Irish 
hietory. 



'2 Hundreds. — The Council of -Nicea 
was held in a.d. 325 ; and considering 
that this Chronicle is antedated by 
one )'ear at this period, Cellach, who 
is alleged to have composed the fore- 
going quatrain, was not very much 
out in his chronology. 

'^ Cinaedh Mac Alpin Better 

known by the name of Kenneth Mao 
Alpin. 

^* And Adulf. — The person here 
meant was probably jEthelwnlf , whose 
death is recorded in the Anglo-Saxon 
Chronicle at the year 855 (6). The 
contraction (7) for ec is misplaced in 



368 



aNMalcc uLccdTi. 



TTluman, cotiTtetfi'b .x. naicci oc Neim, 7 a n-innpe"D co 
moitv ipa'oeipf latiTna-Dmaini i^ofi afiyiisa oc caifin'o Lus-oac, 
CO ■patxsba'b atin le^pi na n-T)eiipe, ITlaelcfion mac 
TTloifie-fiais. 'Cue ITlaelfeclainn lafiumsmUu TTluman 
beluc ^abpain CO Inyi "Cafibnai laji n-Gi^e, 7 oDun 
Cetimnai co hCCtiainn n-ait^€ip. piuuialif auuumnur 
ec pe)inicio[fi]i;^fimuf ppugibuf. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini "occc." l.° uiii.° Suaifilec 
abbay^ CCchait) bo, CCilill banbaitie abbaf bi|\ofi, TTlael- 
coba 6a paelan abbay^ Cluana uatTia, paeLjUf abbaf 
■Roip cpea, in pace T)opmiepunt;. SlogaT) mop la hCCm- 
loip 7 Imap 7 Cep^all 1 fni-De. Uig'Sal mace ©penn oc 
paic OCe-DO mic bpicc, im TTlaelpecnaill pig "Certipa, 7 
im pecjna comapba pacpaicc, 7 im 8uaiple£ comapba 
pinnio, ic T)enum pi'oa 7 camcompaicc pep nOpem), 
coni-o ap in 7)ail pm ■Dupai; Cepball pi Oppaigi ogpeip 
pamca par;paic 7 a comapba, 7 coni^B anT) -do ■oecai'D 
Oppaiji 1 n-"Dilpi ppi lee Cuinn,7a'Dpo5ai'D maelgualai 
pi TTluman a "Dilpi. TTlaelsuala pex TTluman a l^op-o- 
mannip occippup epc. Seconnan piliup Conains, pex 
Caipgi bpacaiTje, mopicup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini "occc." l." ix." Sloige'D 
Laigen 7TTluman7ConnacT:, 7 Oa Weill m "oeipcipu, ipin 



A., where it occxirs after the iroril 
Saxwn. 

' Neim. — This was the ancient 
name of the southern River Black- 
water. 

' Carn-Lugdadi. — The cairn (or 
" monumental heap ") of Lughaid. 
The place has not been identified. 

' Half-king. — The Four Masters 
(at A.D. 856) give Maelcron the title 
of canaipi, or " tanist." 

* Belat-Gabrain. — Otherwise writ- 
ten " Belach-Gabhrain. " The " Road 
(or Pass) of Gabhran," (Gowran in 
the CO. Kilkennj'). This road led 
from Gowran towards Cashel. See 



O'Donovan's Ann. F. M., A.D. 756, 
note. a. 

" Inis-Tarbhnai. — Now known as 
the " Bull," a small island oft Dursey 
Island, barony of Beare, co. Cork. 

° Dun-Certnna. — This was the _ 
ancient name of th» Old Head of 
Kinsale, in the co. Cork, 

' Ara-Airthir. — " East Ara." The 
most eastern of the Islands of Arran, 
in Galway Bay, now known by the 
name of Inisheer. 

' Most destructive. — pejvnecioppi- 
tnup, A. 

"Achadh-lo — aciTibo, A. octiWD 
bo,B. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



369 



ten nights at Neim ;' and he plundei'ed them southwards 
to the sea, after defeating their Kings at Carn-Lughdach' 
where the half-king' of the Deisi, Maelcron son of Muire- 
dhach, was lost. Maelsechlainn afterwards carried off 
the hostages of [all] Munster from Belat-Gabrain,* to 
Inis-Tarbhnai^ in the west of Ireland, and from "Dun- 
Cermna" to Ara-airfchir.' A rainy autumn, and most de- 
structive" to all kinds of fruit. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 858. Suairlech, abbot of Achadh-bo f [858.] 
AiUll Banbaine, abbot of Biror ; Maelcobha TJa Faelain, 
abbot of Cluain-uamha ;" Faelgus, abbot of Ros-Cre" — 
slept in peace. A great hosting by Amlaiph, and Imar, 
and Cerbhall -^^ into Meath. A royal assembly of the 
nobles of Ireland at Rath-Aedha-mic-Bric,^' including 
Maelsechnaill, King of Temhair, and including Fethgna 
successor of Patrick, and Suairlech successor of Finnia,''' 
establishing peace and concord between the men of 
Ireland ; and it was in that assembly Cerbhall, King of 
Osraighi, gave the award of the congregation and suc- 
cessor of Patrick, and it was there the Osraighi entered 
into allegiance with Lefch-Chuinn,^' and Maelgualai, King 
of Munster, tendered his allegiance. Maelgualai, King of 
Munster, was slain by the Norsemen. Sechonnan, son of 
Conaing, King of Carraig-Brachaidhe,^** died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 859. A hosting [of the men] of Lein- [859] dw 
ster, and Munster, and Connaught, and of the Ui-Neill 



'" Cluain-uamha. — The "meadow 
(or paddock) of the cave." Cloyne, 
in the barony of Imokilly, co. Cork. 

^^Sos-Cre — ixoiy tfiea, A. fioi-p 
ctvae, B. 

12 Cerbhall. — King of Ossory, and 
at this time in alliance with the 
Foreigners. 

13 Hath Aedha-mic-Bric. — This 
name, which signifies the "rath of 
Aedh (or Hugh) son of Brec," is now 



shortened to "Rahugh,"' the name of 
a townland and parish in the barony 
of Moycashel, co. Westmeath. 

'* Successor of Finnia j i.e. abbot 
of Clonard, co. Meath. 

■^ Leth-Chuinn. — "Conn's Half," or 
the Northern Half of Ireland, repre- 
sented at this time by King Mael- 
sechnaill (or Malachy L) 

i'^ Carraig-Brachaidhe.- The name 
of this district is still pre' erved in 

2b 



370 



ccNHcdo; ularoli. 



pocla, la TTIaelfecnaill 1115 'Ceftip.o, corroeifi'D oc maig 
"DUt^ai 1 compocuf aifiT) TTlacae. "Do ■po|^ba11■^c CCe'o 
mac Meill 7 "picmn mac Conaing an "Dmiaxi 1 n-aicci, co 
liomayibfoi; •ooine pop. lap 111 -DUnaix), 7 po merfiaixi pop, 
CCe'o n-iaparn, co papcaib 1I1 pcan7:e exepcicu TTlael- 
pecnaill m fca^ru fiio. CCe'o mac T)ui1jT)abaifienn, pex 
Oa P'Djennr;!, mopicup. 'Platinacan mac Colmain 
mopiT:up- 'Niall mac lallain qui pappup epc pa- 
rol. 42W. T^al-iriii 3:a\T. 1111. annip, qui ueppauup epc uipionibup 
ppequenr-ibup cam palpip quam uepip, in Cpipco 
quieuit;. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini ■dccc." Ix." In'ope-o Tni-De 
■DO CCe-D mac Meill co n-^allaiB. ^OT^i^^*^'^ ingen 
'Oonnca'Da, amenippima pegina Scocopum, pope poeni- 
renciam obiic. 

let. lanaip. CCnno 'oomini t)CCC.° be." 1.° T)omriall 
mac CCilpin, pex piccopum, mopcuup apt;. CCe'o mac 
Weill pejnape incipic. [Sloicce-o la] CCeti mac Weill co 
piga 5'^ll im ini'oe, 7 la piann mac Conaing t»o 
in'opiu'o TTli'De. pnan cluana cain,epipcopup ec anco- 
pica, niuipsep ancopica aip-o TTIaca, uicam in pace 
pmiepunz;. ITlaelpecnaill mac TTlaelpuanaig (mic 
"Oonncha'oa, mic "Domnaill, mic Tnupcha'tia ITli'oi, mic 
'Diapma'oa 'oen, mic Oipme-oaig caich, mic Conaill 



that of Carrickabraghy, a townland 
ia the parish of Clonmany, barony of 
Inishowen East, co. Donegal. 

' King of Temair • i.e. King of 
Tara, or of Ireland. 

' Magh - duniha. — The " plain 
(_31agli) of the mound, or tumulus 
(dumha)." O'Donovan has identified 
this place with Moy, in the parish of 
Clonfeacle, barony of Dungannon 
Middle, co. Tyrone, on the opposite 
side of the River Blackwater from 
Charlemont in the co. Armagh. Ann. 
F. M., A.D. 858, note o. 



' Aedh. — The beginning of Aedh'3 
reign as King of Ireland is recorded 
under the year 861. 

'In Us position — in pcacujiio for 
in pcacu puo, A. B. 

' Ui- Fidhgennti. — A tribe situated 
in the co. Limerick. See note ", p. 
150 supra. 

" /oHan. — "Written Siallain (in 
the gen. case) in the Ann. Four Mast. 
(a.d. 858). O'Conor prints (from B.) 
mac Fallain, and the translator in 
Clar. 49 writes mac Fiallain. 

' Delightful — amenippnna (for 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



371 



of the South, into the North, by Maelsechnaill, King of 
Temair,^ who rested at Magh-dumha^ in the vicinity of 
Ard-Macha. Aedh? son of Niall, and Flann son of 
Conaing, attacked the camp at night, and killed people 
in the middle of the camp ; but Aedh was afterwards 
defeated, and lost a great number, the army of Mael- 
sechnaill remaining in its position.'' Aedh, son of Dubh- 
dabhairenn, King of Ui-Fidhgennti,' died. Flannacan, 
son of Colman, died. Niall, son of lallan,^ who suiFered 
from paralysis during 34 years, and who was distur- 
bed by frequent visions, as well false as true, rested in 
Christ. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 860. Plundering of Meath, by Aedh' 
son of Niall, with Foreigners. Gormlaith, daughter of 
Dounchadh, the most delightfuF Queen of the Scoti, died 
after penitence. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 861. Domnall Mac Alpin,^ King of 
the Picts, died. Aedh,'' son of Niall, begins to reign. 
[A hosting by] Aedh son of Niall, with the Kings of the 
Foreigners, into Meath, and by Flann son of Conaing, to 
plunder Meath. Finan of Cluain-Cain,^" bishop and 
anchorite, Muirghes, anchorite of Ard-Macha, made an 
end of life in peace." Maelsechnaill, son of Maelruanatgh 
(son of Donnchadh,'^ son of Domnall, son ofMurchadh of 
Meath, son of Diarmaid Dian, son of Airmedach Caech, 



[860.] 



[861.) 



amoeni'pi'ima, A., B. According 
to the terms used by the Four Mas- 
ters in recording her death (a.d. 859), 
Queen Gormlaith was not a blameless 
character. 

' Domnall Mac Alpin. — The brother 
and successor, as King of the Picts of 
Scotland, of Kenneth (or Cinaedh) 
Mac Alpin, whose death is recorded 
above under the year 857. 

'Aedh. — Aedh Finnliath, son of 
Niall Caille (whose death by drown- 
ing is noticed above at the year 815 j. 



The original of this pntry, which 
forms part of the text in B., is added 
in the margin, in a later hand, in A. 

'" Cluain-Cain. — Now Clonkeen, iu 
the barony of Ardee, co. Louth, 
according to O'Donovan (Four 
Masters, A.D. 836, note u). 

^^ In peace. — For uicam in pace 
pinieiiuiic, as in A,, B. has ■oop.- 
mie|iuTic. 

'2 Son of Donnchadh. — This pedi- 
gree, which is interlined in A., is not 
inB. 

2b2 



372 



aNNaloc ulccDti, 



.b. 



gucBin, Tnic Sui^ne. mic Colmain moiii, mic "Oiapnia'oa 
•oeiifis, mic peiisuipa Ceyiiibeoil), fii ViGpeiro tiile, .11. 
ICaleiToaf T)ecembi^if, .111. pefiia, anno tiegni fin xui.°, 
■oepunccuf eyv. Ruafcc mac Ojaoen, ^lex nepocum 
TtunLainse, lugulacuf efc TYlaelo'DOii oa ZAr\v]i\v, fui 
lei^if ^oi-oeal, moiacuiif efc. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini t)CCC.° lcc.° 11.° CCexi mac 
Cumufcais, \i\ .h. Niallan, mofcuuf eyz. Triuifexiac 
mac TTlaele'DUin.fecnap ai\iv TTlacae, 7 |ii na n-aiprep, 
lUguLauif efc o X)omnall mac CCexio mic Weill. 
TTlufiecan mac T)iafimaca, fex Naipp 7 aipciii Lipi, a 
'Nop.T>manniip inriep-peccuf e^^:. Uarh CCcait* alTJDai 7 
Cnox)bai, 7 uam peiyic Ooa'oan of 'Duba^, 7 uam mna 
an gobann jio fcyiui'Difez: ^aill, quoT) ancea non peja- 
ipeccum epc .1. a pechr; |io flacpac .111. 1^15 5*^11 peyionn 
■piain-D mic Conainj .1. CCmlaim 7 Imayi 7 CCuiple, 7 
Lojacan mac Cacail leo occa, ifii TTli'De. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domnii -dccc." Uk-" 111.° topcan 
mac Ca^ail, yii TTlixie, -do "ballati la CCexi mac Weill pig 
■Cempo. Concobap mac 'T)onncax»a, leicpi TTli'De, vo 
mapbax* 1 n-uipcui oc CUiain ipaiptix) la CCmlaip pi 



' Ruarc. — For the pedigree of this 
chieftain, see Shearman's Loca 
Patriciana, Geneal. Table ii. (facing 
p. 223). 

2 Ui-Niallain. — A powerful tribe, 
the name of whose territory is still 
preserved in the baronies of O'Neil- 
land East, and West, in the co. 
Armagh, and which furnished several 
bishops to the See of Armagh. 

^ Airthera. — Otherwise written 
Oirthera ; and meaning " Easterns,'' 
or " Easterlings." The tribe occupy- 
ing this territory were so called 
because thej' were seated in the east 
of the country of Oirghialla (or, as it 
was in later times called, Oriel). The 
Irish name, which has been Latinized 



" Orientales," and " Eegio Orient- 
alium,'' is now represented by the 
baronies of Orior, in the east of the 
county of Armagh. 

* Murecan. — He was King of 
Leinster for one year, according to 
the Book of Leinster (ji>. 39), and father 
of Cerbhall Mac Muirecan, also King 
of Leinster, whose obit is given at 
the year 908 (=909) infra. 

^ King of Nas; i.e.. King of Naas, 
in the county of Kildare. This means 
that Murecan was King of Leinster. 

® Achadh - Aldai. — O'Donovan 
thought that this was the ancient 
name of the groat mound of New- 
grange. Fonr Mast, AD. 861, 
note b. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Sin 



son of Conall Guthbhin, son of Suibbne, son of Colman 
the Great, son of Diarmaid Derg, son of Fergus Cerrbeoil), 
King of all Ireland, died on the 2nd of the Kalends of 
December, on a Tuesday, in the 16th year of his reign. 
Kuarc,^ son of Bran, King of the Ui-Dunlaing, was slain. 
Maelodhar Ua Tindridh, the most learned physician of 
the Gaedhil, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 862. Aedh, son of Cumuscach, King [862.] 
of XJi-Niallain,'' died. Muiredhach, son of Maelduin, 
vice-abbot of Ard-Macha, and King of the Airthera,^ was 
slain by Domnall, son of Aedh, son of Niall. Murecan,* 
son of Diarmait, King of Nas,^ and of Airther-Liphfe, was 
slain by Norsemen. The cave of Achadh-Aldai," and 
[the cave] of Cnodhba,'' and the cave of Fert-Boadan 
over Dubadh," and the cave of the smith's wife," were 
searched by the Foreigners, which had not been done 
before, viz., on the occasion when three Kings of the 
Foreigners plundered the land of Flann son of Conaing, 
to wit, Amhlaim, and Imhar, and Auislo ; and Lorcan 
son of Cathal, King of Meath, was with them thereat. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 863. Lor-can son of Cathal, King of [863.] ms. 
Meath, was blinded" by Aedh son of Niall, King of Temh- 
air. Conchobar son of Donnchadh, half- King of Meath, 
was killed" in a water at Cluain-Iraird," by Amlaiph, 



' Cnodhba. — Knowth, in the parish 
of Monknewtown, barony of Upper 
Slane, co. Meath. 

' Fert-Boadan over Dubadh. — 
" Fert-Boadan " signifies the " grave 
of Boadan," and Dubadh is now 
known as Dowth, on the BojTie, a 
few miles above Drogheda. 

' The cave of the smith's wife. — 
uam mna an gobann. The Four 
Mast, at 861, say tliat this cave was 
at 'Dfioicea'D aia (Drogheda), See 
O'Donovan's note on the passage. 

'" Blinded. — Apparently in punish- 



ment for his participation in the 
plundering of Meath in the previous 
year. 

" Killed. — tio matvbaT). In the 
Ann. Four Mast., at a.d. 862, the 
expression is -oo '6&vhav, "was 
drowned." 

^' Cluain-Iraird. —Clonard, in the 
parish of Clonard, barony of Upper 
Moyf enrath, co. Meath. The " water " 
in which Lorcan was drowned was 
evidently the River Boyne, which 
flows by Clonard. 



374 



CTMM relet ulreiDti. 



Foi. 43 aa. gall. Roinitifi iTioiT ^6 Ti-CCeTi mac Weill 7 jie piaunn 
mac Conainj pofi CCnpix) mac n-CCexio co n-Ulcaib, 1 ci^i 
Conailli cGfi-D. •nriuipe'Dac mac Neill, abb Lugmaif 7 
alanaile cell, moviiT;u|i. CCeT)5eii h\i\vc epifcopuf Cille 
•oafio, ec fcpiba ec ancopiua bt: fenex pepe .cxui. 
annopum, paufauir. 

let. Ian ai p. CCnno T)omini nccc." lx.° 1111.° Gclippip 
polip in jcalentiip lanuapn, er; eclippip lunae in eoT»em 
menpe. Cellacli mac CCilella abbap cille "oapo ec 
abbap la, T)opmit]iT; in pepone piccopum. 'Cisepnac 
mac pocapr;ai, pi toca 5at5op 7 leupi bpeg, mopcuup 
epc. bpear;ain t)U in'oapbti af a cip -do paxanaib, 
copogabaTi cacc popaib imTTlaen conain. 'Ca'Dg^ mac 
T)iapmaca, pex nepomm Cennpelai§, inceppecT;up epc 
"Dolope a pparpibup puip eu a plebe pua. Conmal 
equonimup Tamlacra, 7 'Cua^al mac CCpcguppo ppim- 
eppcop 'PopT;penn 7 abb -ouin Caillenn, 'oopmeiptint;. 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini tdccc." lx.° ii.° CCmlaip 7 
CCuiple DO T)til 1 ■popt;penn co gallaib GpenTi 7 
CClban, co p' mnpipeu Cpuicenciiaix: n-mle, 7 co cucfaz; 
a n-jiallo. Col^u 7 CCet), -oa abb mainipcpec buin, in 
tino anno mopcui puni:. Cepnacan mac Cumupcaig, 
pex Ra^o aipcip, ni5UlaT;up epc 'colope TTlopacain 
mac CCeTiacain. CCe-D mac Weill poplac uile longpopcu 



1 Aedh ; i.e. Aedh Finnliath, King 
of Ireland. 

^ Anfidh.— 'Vhe name of Anfidh, 
wlio was King of Ulidia, is written 
CCnbhich by the Four Mast, and 
CCnbicTi in the Booh o/Leinster, p. 
41, col. 3, where it is stated that he 
was slain in the country of the " Air- 
thera," (see note thereon, page 372, 
note '), or by the " Conailli-Mur- 
theimne," another name for Conailli- 
Cerd. 

^Lughmagh. — Louth, in the barony 
and county of Louth. 



' Of the moon tune, A. 

^ Cellach. — See Eeeves' Adamnan, 
p. 390. 

^ Britons ; i.e. the Welshmen. 

' By Saxons.—DO ■8iixanacail5,B. 

* Maen- Conain. — Otherwise writ- 
ten " Moin-Conain," and " Mora." 
The old Irish name of the Island of 
Anglesey. See Todd's Irish Nennius, 
p. 190, note x. Rowland, (J/oMa 
Antigua, p. 20), prints some absurd 
conjecture regarding the etymology 
of the name Mona, not being aware 
of the form in which it is written in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



375 



King of the Foreigners. A great victory by Aedh^ son 
of Niall, and Flann son of Conaing, over Anfidh'* son of 
Aedh, with the Ulidians, in the territory of Conailli- 
Cerd. Muiredach son of Niall, abbot of Luglimagh' and 
other churches, died. Aedgen Britt, bishop of Cill-dara, 
and a scribe and anchorite, and an old man of nearly 116 
years, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A,D. 864. An eclipse of the sun on the L'^''*] 
Kalends of January, and an eclipse of the moon* in the 
same month. Cellach," son of Ailill, abbot of Cill-dara, 
and abbot of la, ' fell asleep ' in the country of the Picts. 
Tigernach son of Focarta, King of Loch-gablior, and 
half-King of Bregh, died. The Briton s° were expelled 
from their covintry by Saxons,' so that they were held 
in subjection in Maen-Conain." Tadhg son of Diarmait, 
King of Ui-Cennselaigh, was treacherously killed by his 
brothers and his people. Conmal, steward" of Tamlacht, 
and Tuathal son of Artgus, chief bishop of Fortrenn,'" 
and abbot of Dun-Caillenn," ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 865. Amlaiph and Auisle^ went into [ges.] 
Fortrenn,"' with the Foreigners of Ireland and Alba, when 
they plundered all Pictland, and brought away their 
pledges. Colgu and Aedh, two abbots of Manister-Buti, 
died in the same year. Cernachan son of Cumuscach, 
King of Rath-airthir," was treacherously slain by Mor- 
acan" son of Aedhacan. Aedh, son of Niall, plundered all 



Irish texts ; " Moia-Coaain," or 
" Maen-Conain,"' probably represent- 
ing Mamia Conani, the " stronghold 
of Conan." 

• Steward. — ecfuonitnu-p, f<"^ oe- 
conomu^, A. B. 

" Fortrenn. — Pictland. See note ^, 
p. 118 sujyra. 

" Dun - Cailkmi. — Dunkeld, in 
Perthshire, Scotland. 



'^ Auisle, — There is great uncer- 
tainty regarding the identity of this 
person. See Todd's War of tha 
Gaedhil, &c., Introd., pp. Ixxii,, 
Ixxix. 

'' Rafh-airthir. — See at the year 
788 supra, 

" Moracan. — This name is written 
"Muiregeu" in the Ann. Four M., 
at A.i>. 864. 



376 



ccrjNCcLcc iiLccoli. 



5alL (■!• aipip iiiT) pocla) eci)x ceneL n-eugain 7 'OaL 
Ti-OCfiaiT)e, CO znc a cennlai 7 a n-eci 7 a cfio-oa allonj;- 
po]xz eji cac. Roimuii popaib oc loc pebail, af a 
cucca va .xx. ■oeac cenn. Loc leibinn -do ■pou'o 1 puil 
CO cajxla a pafiT;iu cfioo amail fcaiTianu inna imbeccap. 
let. lanaip. CCnno •Domini x)ccc.° Ix" ui." TTlael'DUin 
mac CCexia, iiex CC1I15, in clejxicacu "Dolojae excenfo 
Foi. iSai. quieuic Robaiirac pninjlaiffi epicopup ex: fciiiba, ec 
Conall Cille fcifie epifcopuf, ec Cofcpac 130151 cait-le 
fcpiba er ancopica, ec Oege-ocaii abbaf Con-Dipe (ec 
Lainne GLa), ec Copmac nepof Liamin fciiiba ec epip- 
copuy ec ancojiica, in Ciiifco omnef T)opmiepunc. 
TTlaelcuile ctbbccf CCiiine ificifi cfuieuic. g^aipe mac 
T)uibT)abaiiienn moiucuia. CCban mac Cinaex)[a], |\i5- 
•Domna Conn ace, vo opcain ppi TDaigi-o poclacan mac 
"Oiapmaco. CCuifle cepciup yiex gencilium doIo ec 
papinciTJio a ppaciaibup fuif lugulacuf epc Oellum 
pop Saxanu ctiaipcepca 1 Caip GBpoc, pe n-'Oub ^allaib, 
in quo ceciTiic CCLLi pex Saxan aquilonalium. Lopca'o 
"DUine CCil'ilaim oc cluain "Dolcain la mac n-^aicini 7 la 
TTlaelciapain mac Ronain, 7 ap cec cenn -oi aipecaiB 



^ The coast of the Fochla. — FocUa 
was a name for the North of Ireland. 
The original of the clause is added 
by way of gloss in A. and B. 

- Spoils. — cenntai, A. B. ; a word 
which does not occur elsewhere, and 
the meaning of which is not clear. 
The translation is therefore conjec- 
tural. 

' Over them ; i.e., oyer the For- 
eigners. 

■* Loch-Feihail. — Lough Foyle, 
between the counties of Donegal and 
Londonderry. 

^ Loch-Leibhinn. — -Lough-Lene, in^ 
the barony of Demifore, co. West- 
meath ; not to be confounded with 
the more famous lake of the same 
name in the county of Kerry. 



^ ' Lights ' ; i.e. the ' lights,' or 
lungs, of animals. This is included 
in the curious list of the " Wonders 
of Ireland," published by Todd, Irish 
Xennius, p. 193, sq. 

' Aedh. — Aedh Oirdnidhe, king of 
Ireland, whose obit is entered under 
the year 818 supra. 

^ Finnglais. — Finglas, near Dub- 
lin. 

^ Cill-Scire. — Now Kilskeer, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

" Tech-Taille.—See note", p, 12 
supra, 

'^ Condere Connor, in the county 

of Antrim. 

^' Lanu-Ela. — Now Lj'iially, in the 
barony of Ballycowan, King's County 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



377 



the fortresses of the Foreigners (i.e. on the coast of the 
Fochla^), between Cinel-Eogain and Dal-Araide, so that he 
carried off their spoils/ and their flocks and herds, to his 
camp, after a battle. A victory was gained over them" at 
Loch-Febhail,^ from which twelve score heads were 
brought. Loch-Leibhinn° was turned into blood, which 
became lumps of gore like ' lights "^ round its border. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 866. Maelduin son of Aedh,' King of 
Ailech, after lengthened suffering, died in religion. Eobh- 
artach of Fimiglais,* bishop and scribe ; and Conall of 
Cill-Scire,° a bishop ; and Coscrach of Tech-Taille," a 
scribe and anchorite ; and Oegedchar, abbot of Condere" 
(and Lann-Ela),^^ and Cormac Ua Liathain, scribe, bishop, 
and anchorite — all fell asleep in Christ. Maeltuile, abbot 
of Ara-irthir," rested. Guaire, son of Dubhdabhairenn, 
died. Aban," son of Cinaedh, ' righdamna ' of Connaught, 
was destroyed with fire by Sochhichan, son of Diarraait. 
Auisle, third King of the Foreigners, was killed by his 
brethren in guile and parricide, A battle [was gained] 
over the Northern Saxons, in Caer-Ebroc,^'^ by the Black 
Foreigners, in which Alli,^^ King of the Northern Saxons, 
was slain. Burning of Dun-Amhlaim at Cluain-Dolcain," 
by the son of Gaithin,^' and by Maelciarain son of Eonan ; 



The parenthetic clause, which is inter- 
lined in the orig. hand in A., is part 
of the text in B. 

^' Ara-irtkir. — ' Eastern Ara." 
The most eastern of the Islands of 
Aran, in Galway Bay. Mentioned 
above at the year 857. The adjective 
llfttifi (recte aiyicip.) is •>\Titten iiaciyi 
in A. 

^* Aban. — This name is written 
lluppiSti (Hiippan) in the Ann. Four 
M., at the year 866. 

^' Caer - Ebroc. — York, in Eng- 
land. 

" J./tt.— iElla,KingofNorthumbria. 



See Anglo-Saxon Chron., A.D. 867 
(868). 

" Cluain - Dolcain. — Clondalkin, 
near Dublin. Dun-Amhlaim, the 
fortress of Amiaimh, or Amlaff, must 
have a Danish fortress in the place. 

'^' Son of Gaithin. — His name -naa 
Cenneidigh. He was lord (or King) 
of Laighis, or Leix, a district included 
in the present Queen's County, and 
a most formidable opponent of the 
Norse and Danish invaders. See 
Fragments of Irish Annals, pp. 157, 
159 ; and the other references under 
the name Cenntdigh in the Index 
thereto. 



378 ncNNalcc ula'oli. 

gall in eoT)em 'Die apux) -oticef piaeDiccof in conpimo 
cluana "Oolcain. TTluipeDac mccc Cacail, i"ii neporum 
Cpeificainn, papalifi lonj^a ext;inct;tif eye. 
•t>> "jet. lanaip. CCnno -oomini 'Dccc.°la:.°iiii.° Cecdlac mac 

Cumufcaic, abbap pobaip, luuemf fapienpecinsemofif- 
Tpimup, pepiic. ContJiTiac abbap Cluana mace U Moip in 
nocce Icalen'oapum 1 aniiapn in Cpipco "oopmiuir;. "Daniel 
abb ^li'Tie "oa lacae 7 "Camlaccae, Coiman mac 'Daloig 
ab TDoimlacc belliim pe n-CCex) mac Kleill oc Cill Oa 
n-T)ai5pi pop Ou Weill bpeg 7 pop laijnui, 7popplua5 
mop T)i jallaib .1. rpi cec uel eo amplnip, in quo ceci- 
•oepuncplann mac Conaing pij bpe§ n-inle, ec "Diap- 
maiT: mac eiT;ippceili pi toca 5al5op, eu in ipco bello 
plupimi jencilium upuci'Da(:i punu, 7 Parana mac ITTlael- 
e^DUin pi^T)omnai inT) IPoclai, -oopocaip 1 ppirguin in 
caca, et; alii mulci. 

■piann mac Conaing copiu pig, 
■Rogab cip, ba 'Cai'DC maic Cein, 
Ro ap apfiti cepna coip 
^ccpf n-oip ap incbaib pil 'MeiU. 

CCiTDam mcpiu iitd inbip, 
bUippe caingen hi cuitnnib, 
Cen laec pepnaTOe poiT)min, 
Cen plann bpeginaigi buiT)ni5. 



1 See note ", p. 377. 

^ Glenn-da-lacha. — Elsewhere writ- 
ten Glenn-da-locha. Glendalough, 
CO. Wicklow. 

• Tamlacht. — Tallaght, in the 
barony of Uppercrosa, co. Dublin. 

' Diomliacc. — Duleek, co. Meath. 

» Aedh— The King of Ireland. 

" Cill- XJa nDaighri. — This name 
would be pronounced Killoneert/. 
The place has not been identified, 
which is somewhat strarge, consider- 
ing the important character of the 
battle. The late Kev. John F. Shear- 



nDaighri was the same as the place 
called " Killineer," situated about a 
mile to the north of Drogheda, which 
is by no means improbable. 

' Three hundred. — ciai cec, A. 
But B. reads ix. cec, or nine hundred. 

" Maelduin. — The Maelduin, King 
of Ailech, whose obit is entered at 
the year 86S. 

° Tadg son of Cian.^C\an was son 
of Oilill Oluim, King of Munster in 
the 3rd century, and the progenitor 
of several septs distinguished by the 
title of Cianachta (or descendants o£ 



man was of opinion that Cill-Ua- ' Cian). The Cianachta-Bregh (or 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



379 



and a slaughter of one hundred heads of the chiefs of the 
Foreigners was made on the same day by the said chief- 
tains, in the vicinity of Cluain-Dolcain.' Muiredach, son 
of Cathal, King of Ui-Cremthainn, died of prolonged 
paralysis. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 867. Cellach, son of Cumuscach, abbot [867.] bis- 
of Fobhar, a learned and most ingenious young man, died. 
Condmach, abbot of Clonmacnoise, 'fell asleep' on the 
night of the Kalends of January. Daniel, abbot of 
Glenn- da-lacha° and Tamlacht,' [and] Coemhan son of 
Dalach, abbot of Doimliacc,* [died]. A battle [was gained] 
by Aedh^ son of Niall, at Cill-Ua-nDaighri," over the Ui- 
Neill of Bregh, and over the Leinstermen, and over a 
great host of Foreigners — viz., three hundred' or more ; 
in which fell Flann son of Conaing, King of all Bregh, and 
Diarmait son of Etirscel, King of Loch-gabhor ; and in 
this battle a great number of Foreigners were slaughtered, 
and Fachtna son of Maelduin,' royal heir of the North, 
and many others, fell in the mutual wounding of the 
battle. 

Flann son of Conaing, a king up to this, 

Possessed the land of Tadg son of Cian.' 

Out of the Sidh of Cerna the just 

Grew a golden sprig'" in presence of Niall's race. 

Strange is it to see the Inber !" 

Easier [to keep] a covenant in remembrance ! 

"Without a manly active hero, 

Without Flann of the populous Breghmagh.'^ 



Cianachta of Bregia, in the co. 
Meath), of -which Flann son of Con- 
aing was king, was perhaps the most 
powerful of these septs. These stanzas, 
wliich are not in B., are added in the 
lower margin of fol. 43 in A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
they might be introduced in the text 



" A golden sprig; i.e. Flann son of 
Conaing, the subject of this eulogy. 

" Inber. — Inber-Colptba, the old 
name of the estuary of the Boyne. 

^ Bregkmagh. — Another form of 
the name Magh-Bregh, or plain of 
Bregia, in Meath. 



380 



ccMMala tilcct)ti. 



Gonial mac peTDCtig abba)^ Cille vel'Sa, vci^iba, qtiieoic. 
Giatipcio ignoca aquae, ve monce Cualann, cum pifci- 
culif at;p,if. tleiTCUf magnuf in pepia ITlaprini. 
Uechuatjfia mac TTIupcaxia, abb Coiacaige moijie, nop- 
muiic. 

]ct. lanaifi. dnno T)omir:i tjccc." lx.° uin." ITlaiacan 
abbaf CLuana macc U Kloif 7 "Oaiminnfi, fcpiba, 
Foi. ^36o. |j,q|^|^(j,^ epifcopuf Slane, xiofimieiaunt:. Copmac mac 
Glaxiai5 abbap Saijpe, epipcopup ec pcpiba, uit;am 
penilem piniuiT;. pbann mac pepcaip, equonimup aipi) 
TTlaca ec ppincepp Lainne leipe, heu bpeuirep uicam 
pinniit;. ITlaelciapain mac Ronam pignia aipcip epenT), 
peiniT) pogla ^all, lujulacup epc. Cepnac mac Sacac, 
coipech TTlus'Dopna m-bpeg, Uuaxiacaii mac Neill, 
coipech Oa popnTDan, mopT;ui punc. Opccam aipuT) 
TTlaca CCmlaim, copolopcaxi cona Tiep^aisilS, .x. cec 
ecip bpi€ 7 mapbaT), 7 ptar; mop cena. "Oonnacan 
mac CeTipa-Da, pex Oa Cennpelaig, lugubacupepc TDolope 
a pocio puo. CCibll Clocaip, pcpiba bt: epipcopup, 
abbap Clocaip mac n-'Daimen,'DopmniiT;. "Oubuac mac 
TTlaelT:uile, xioccippimtip lacinopum T^ozniy eupopae, 
in Cpipco 'Dopmiuic TTlaelbpigci mac Spelan, pex 
Conaille, in clepicacu obiic. 

let. Ian ai p. CCnno "Domini t)ccc.° Ix." ix." Suaipleac 



' CiU-delga. — Kildalkey, in the 
barony of Lune, co. Meath. 

* Corcack - moT. — The "great 
swamp." The ancient name of the 
site of Cork city. 

' Daiminis. — Devenish Island. 

' Saighir. — Saighir-Ciarain. Now 
Seirkieran, a parish in the barony of 
Ballybrit, King's County. 

" Lann-kire See note l^, p. 205, 

supra. 

' Champion. — ^.i^nia, A., B. The 
Four Masters have (807) cifieinpeji, 
lit. " mighty man." 



^ Mughdorna-Bregh. — The name of 
a tribe whose territory was in Bregh 
(or Bregia), and in the vicinity of 
Slane, co. Meath. See ©'Donovan's 
Ann. Four M., A.D. 1150, note I. 

' Ui-Forindain. — '■ Descendants of 
Forindan (or Forannan)." A sept 
located in the north of the present 
county of Tyrone. See Keeves' Col- 
ton^s Visitation^ p. 10. 

" Was burned. — co laotcpca'D, for 
CO ifiolopca'D, A., B. 

" Betweaithecaptives. — eci^ibfiic. 
The Four M. (867) have eclllB)^eoa■D, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



381 



Conghal son of Fedach, abbot of Oill-delga,' a scribe, 
rested. A strange eruption of water from Sliabh-Cualann , 
with little black fishes. A great storm on the festival of 
St. Martin. Eechtabhra son of Murchadh, abbot of 
Corcach-mor,2 ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 868. Martan, abbot of Clonmacnoise [868.] 
and Daiminis/ a scribe, [andj Niallan, bishop of Slane, 
'fell asleep.' Cormac, son of Eladach, abbot of Saighir,'' 
a bishop and scribe, ended an old age. Flann, son of 
Ferchar, steward of Ard-Macha, and superior of Lann- 
leire," alas ! ended a short life. Maelciarain son of JRonan, 
champion'' of the east of Ireland, a hero-plunderer of the 
Foreigners, was slain. Cernach, son of Echaidh, chief of 
Mughdorna-Bregh,' [and] Ruadhacan, son of Niall, chief 
of the Ui-Forindain," died. The plundering of Ard-Macha 
by Amhlaimh, when it was burned,' with its oratories. 
Ten hundred persons [were lost] between the captives'" 
and the slain ; and a great depredation besides was com- 
mitted. Donnacan, son of Cetfaid, King of Ui-Cennse- 
laigh, was treacherously" slain by his companion. Ailill 
of Clochar, scribe and bishop, abbot of Clochar-mac- 
nDaimen,'^ ' fell asleep.' Dubtach, son of Maeltuile, the 
most learned of the 'latinists' of all Europe," slept in 
Christ. Maelbrigti, son of Spelan, King of Conaille, died 
in the religious state. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 869. Suairlech Indeidhnen," bishop [869.] 



which Tvould signify " between burn- 
ing" (i.e., including the persons 
burned), which seems incorrect. In 
the Fragments of Irish Annals^ and 
the Chron. Scotorum, at a.d. 869, the 
word used is byiaiT), " captivilv." 

^''■Treacherously. — T)otoi^e,A., pejx 
Tjotum, B. 

^* Clochar - mac - nDaimen. — The 
" stony place of the sons of Daimin." 
Now Clogher, in the county of Tyrone. 
See Keeves' Adamnan, p. iii., note c. 



" Of all Europe. — cociui^ Gu- 
■p,upae, B. 

^ Tndeidhnen. — itiT)eicnein, A., B. 
But the form is 1nT>eiT)bnen in the 
Four Masters, Fragments of Ir. 
Annals, Chron. Scotorum, Martyr, of 
Donegal, and other authorities. The 
name seems to be comp. of itit), the 
Irish defin. article, and ei'onen, "ivy,'' 
and would be applied to an ivy- 
covered building. See Chron. Scot. 
(ed. Hennessy), p. 162, note 2. it 



382 CCMMalCC uLCTOtl. 

Inneirnem, epifcopuf ec ancofiica ec abbap Cluana 
ipaip,T)T), opcimuf T)OCT:op felesionif cociof riibepniae, 
paufmiiu. InTDyiex) Laigeii la hCCe-o mac NeilLo CC5 
cbac CO ^abjxuan. Cep,ball mac 'OunjaiLe coUm 
aT)cocaDa v\a n-iiTDpuxp co "Dun mbolcc. 'Poppopapcaii 
Laigin 'DUna'D Cepbaill, ec mac ^cti^iiie ©c aliop occt- 
■oepunc, ec peuepfi rune in -pusam cum pege puo .1. 
TTluipetiac mac bpain, ec cpucroaci punc aln 'oe lUip. 
"Oalac mac TD uipcepcaij, •dux genepip Conaill, a gennce 
pua lusulacup e| c. "Oiapmaic mac "Oepmaca incep- 
pecic uipum in ap-o ITlaca ance lanuam Domup CCe'oo 
pejip "Cempo. "Oub-oacuile abbap leic moep TTlocoe- 
tTioc, ec TTlaebo'DOp ancopica abbap "Oaiminpe, ec abbap 
•Dipipc Ciapam belaig T)Uin .1. Cumpcuc) pcpiba ec 
epipcopup, Comsan poca ancopica 'Camlaccae Tiabcae 
IDaelepuain, Conxila ancopica T)poma capa aip-oe 
Ciannachca, omnep in Cpipco uicam piniepunc. Ob- 
pepio CCilec cluace a Nop-oDmunnip .1. CCmlaip ec 
Iniap, DUO pegep Nopu'omannopum, obpetiepunc apcem 
Foi. 436J. lUum, ec Depcpuxepunc in pme .1111. menpium apcem ec 
ppeDauepunc. TTlaelpecnaill mac 'Meill, lecpi T)eip- 
cipc bpeg, mceppeccup epc Dolope Ulp tiubsaU. 
Cobcac mac ITIuipe-Daig, ppmcepp CiUe ■oapo, T)opmniic. 
jet. lanaip. (Xnno xiomini ■dccc." lax." Cacalan mac 
In-opechcaig, leicpi Ulac, msulacup epc "oolope con- 
pilio CCexio. CCmlaiiD 7 Imop -do cui^echc appicipi t)U 



may be now represented by " Inan," 
in the parish of Killyon, barony of 
Upper Moyfeurath, co. Meath, not 
far from the site of the ancient 
monastery of Clonard (or Cluain- 
Iraird), of which Suairlech was abbot. 

1 Aedk The King of Ireland. 

' Gabran. — Gowran, in the north 
of the CO. Killienny. 

5 Cerlhall son of Dungal — King 
of Ossory. 

^Bun-bole. — See note ", p. 77 
supra. The Fragments of Annals, at 
A.D. 870, contain a pretty full account 



of the invasion of Leinster here re- 
ferred to. 

^ Son of Gaithin, — Cennedigh, 
King of Laighis (Leix), mentioned 
above at the year 866. 

^ Liaih- mor Mochoemhoc. — Now 
known as Leamokevoge, in the pariah 
of Two-Mile-Borris, barony of Elio- 
garty, co. Tipperary. 

7 Disert-Ciarain. — The desert, or 
hermitage, of St. Ciaran. Now 
Castlekeeran, in the barony of Upper 
Kells, CO. Meath. 

^Maelruain; i.e., St. Maelruain, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



383 



and anchorite, and. abbot of Cluain-Iraird, the best 
doctor ofreligion of all Ireland, rested. The plundering 
of the Leinstermen by Aedh^ son of Niall, from Ath- 
cliath to Gabran.'^ Cerbhall son of Dungal,'' with the 
whole of his adherents, plundered them as far as Dun- 
bole.^ The Leinstermen attacked the camp of Cerbhall, 
and slew the son of Gaithin'* and others, and returned in 
flight with their King, i.e., Muiredhach son of Bran ; and 
some of them were butchered. Dalach, son of Muircer- 
tach, chief of the Ginel-Conaill, was killed by his own 
people. Diarmait, son of Diarmait, kiUed a man in Ard- 
Macha, before the door of the house of Aedh, King of 
Temhair. Dubhdathixile, abbot of Liath-mor of Moch- 
oemhoc;'' and Maelodhor, anchorite, abbot of Daimhinis; 
and the abbot of Disert-Oiarain'' of Belach-duin (i.e. 
Cumscuth), a scribe and bishop ; Comgan Fota, anchorite 
of Tainlacht, foster-son of Maelruain,' [and] Condla, 
anchorite of Druim-Cara' of Ard-Cianachta — all 
ended life in Christ. Siege of Ail-Cluathe^" by Norse- 
men; viz,, Amhlaiph and Imhar, two Kings of the 
Norsemen besieged it, and at the end of four months 
destroyed" and plundered the fortress. Maelsechnaill, 
son of Niall, half-king of the South of Bregh, was deceit- 
fuUy slain by Ulf,'' a ' Dubhgall.'i^ Cobthach son of 
Muiredach, abbot of Cill-dara, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 870. Cathalan son of Indrechtach, 
half-king of Ulad, was deceitfully slain, through the 
counsel of Aedh." Amhlaiph and Imhar came again to 



founder and abbot of Tamlacht (Tal- 
laght, in the co. Dublin), whose obit 
is entered at the year 791 supra. 

' Druim-cara — Drumcar, in the 
barony of Ardee, co. Louth. See 
note °, p. 306 supra. 

^^ Ail-Cluathe.—The old name of 
Dumbarton in Scotland. See note '-, 
p. 115 sup'a. Written tt!ilec cluice, 
in the genit. form, in B. 



" -Dcsfj-oyerf. — ■Di^ciitixeip.tinc, A. 

12 CT/— Called Fulf, in the Chron. 
Scotorum, at a.d. 870. 

1' Duhhgall. — This means ' Black 
Foreigner ' (or Dane) ; from dubh, 
black, and gull, the ordinary Irish 
term for " foreigner." 

^'^ Aedh; i.e. Aedh Finnliath, King 
of Ireland. 



[870.] 



3U 



a.nnocl(x ulcroli. 



.b. 



CCc cliac a CClbain, 7)i15 cGT;ai6 long, ec pfie'oa maxima 
hominum OCnslopum ec biiicomim ec piccoptim "oe- 
T)ucua efc f ecum a-o hibeimaini in capciuiTrace. 6x- 
pugnaao -DUin 8obai]ice, qiioti anT:ea non peppeccum 
epc. gccilL occo la Cenel n-tJugam. CCibll mac T)un- 
lainje pejip tagmenfium a 'KIop'Dmannip inceiipecciip 
epc. CCibll epipcopup, abbap 'Poljaip, in Cpipco Tiop- 
miuic. Cupoi mac CClDnKro inpeo Clocpann'7 pocla'oo 
TTliT)e, abbap, papienp, ec pepicippimup hipcopiapum 
pccoccicapum.in Cpipco uopmiuir;. C0I5U mac VTlaele- 
cuile, pacepTJop ec ancopica, abbap Cluana conaipe 
'Commaen, quieuic. ITloensal ailicip, abbap benncaip, 
uicam penilem pelicicep piniuic. TTlaelmi'De mac 
Cumupcaic, pecnap cluana mic Noip, mopicup. 

]ct- lanaip. CCnno 'oomini t)ccc.°Ixx.° 1.° ^nia ppin- 
cepp 'Ooiniliacc, ancopica ec epipcopup ec pcpiba opci- 
mup, [obiic], TnaelpuainaiT) mac ITlaelcaupapDoa, 
"DUX nepcuni piliopum Cuaip mx) poclai, mopcuup epc 
Cennpaela-D nepop ITloccisepn, pax Caipil, excenpo 
"Dolope in pace quieuic. 'Pep'oomnac ppincepp Cluana 
mace U Noip T)opmuiic. CCpcja pex Opicanopum 
ppaca Cltia'De, conpilio Cupcancini pilii Cinaetio, 
occiinipepc. lllaelctnle epipcopiii\ ppnicepp 'Ciiliain, 



1 Ath-cUatJi. — " Ford of hurdles." 
A name for Dublin. 

" Alba ; i.e. Scotland. 

3 Great multitude of men. — pp.e'oa 
(pfiaeTia) maxima liomitium, A. B. 
PKiena is evidently here used for the 
Irish bTXaiT), which signifies bondage, 
or captivity, as the concluding words 
of the entry, in capciuicace, would 
indicate. 

J To Ireland. — in llibefinium, A. 
inTlibeixniam, B. 

^ Dun-Sohhairce. — Dunseverick, in 
the parish of Billy, barony of Gary, 
and county of Antrim. A place very 
famous in ancient Irish history. See 



Keeves' Down and Connor .^ p. 280, 
and O'Donovan's Four Mast, at A. 
M., 3501, note o. 

^ Of the Leinsterinen. — Oasenen- 
cium, A. The testis corrected from B. 

' Inis-Clothrann.—'Suw Inchcler- 
ann, in Lough Eee ; an island re- 
garded as belonging to the barony of 
Rathcline, co. Longford. 

' Scoti ; i.e. the Scoti of Ireland, 
For pcoccicaiium, as ia A., B has 
pcocopum. 

* Slept. — -DOjimitiic, A. quieuic, 
B. 



1° Happily — pelicicefv. 
inB 



O.iiitted 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



385 



Ath-cliath/ from Alba/ with two hundred ships ; and a 
great multitude of men,' English, Britons, and Picts, were 
brought by them to Ireland,* in captivity. The taking 
by force of Dun-Sobhairce,^ which had not been done 
before, Foreigners [were] at it, with the Cinel-Eoghain. 
Ailill son of Dunlaing, King of the Leinstemien," was 
slain by the Norsemen. Ailill, bishop of Fobhar, ' fell 
asleep ' in Christ. Curoi son of Aldniadh, abbot of Inis- 
Clothrann,^ and of Fochlaidh of Meath, a wise man, and 
the most learned in the histories of the Scoti,* slept' in 
Christ. Colgu son of Maeltuile, a priest and anchorite, 
abbot of Cluain-Conaire-Tommain, rested. Moengal, a 
pilgrim, abbot of Bennchair, ended an old age happily." 
Maelmidhe, son of Cumuscach, vice-abbot" of Clonmac- 
noise, died. 

Kal. Ja,n. A.D. 871. Gnia,'^ abbot of Daimhliaec, an [871.] ms. 
anchorite^'* and bishop, and eminent scribe, [died], Mael- 
ruanaidh, son of Maelchuararda, chief of the Ui-Mac- 
Uais^^ of the Fochla, died. Cennfaeladh Ua Mochtigern, 
King of Cashel, after prolonged suffering, rested in peace. 
Ferdomnach, abbot of Cluain-mac-U-Nois, ' fell asleep.' 
Artgha, King of the Britons of Srath-Cluade,^' was killed 
by the advice of Oonstantine son of Cinaedh.^" Maeltuile, 



11 Vice-abbot. — Y"6cnap. In the 
Ann. Four Mast, a.d. 869, the title is 
■pTfilonv, i.e. prior. 

1^ Gnia. — Written like gina, in B. 

w Anchorite aticoifvicia, A. B. 

1* Ui-Mac-Uais. — The descendants 
of the sons of CoUa Uais, who were 
seated in the North of Ireland (here 
called the Fochla). The situation of 
this tribe has not yet been satisfac- 
torily made out. But in the Chron. 
Scotorum (ed. Hennessy, p. 5), a plain 
called Lecmagh [Magh-Li in Boole 
ofLeinster, p. 5, col. 1] in Ui-Mac- 



Uais is described as in Ui-Mac-Uais, 
between Bir (the old name of the 
Moyola River, co. Londonderry) and 
Camus (on the Bann, to the south of 
Coleraine). See Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 52, note d. 

15 Srath-Cluade Strathclyde, the 

ancient name of a district in Scotland. 
See Slcene's Celtic Scotland, I. 326, 
et passim. 

1* Oonstantine son of Clnaedh (or 
Kenneth). — Oonstantine, son of Ken- 
neth Mac Alpin, or, as he is called, 
Oonstantine II., King of the Scots. 

2 



386 



aMMcc?.cc ulccoti. 



111 Ciiif<-o TioiiiTiniic. loinj;fec mac 'Poillein, p^imcepf 
ciLle CCiipib, mopicuji. Ho15aifiT;ac "Depniai^e fcfiiba 
oprimuy patifauic ITluspon mac TTlaelecocai'D lecpi 
Coiinacc mopcuup epc. 
Foi. Unn. jet. lanaip, Itinae .ocxuii. CCniio -Dommi ■dccc'' Ixx." 
11." •plai'cbepTOrc mac "Ouibpoip, pex CopcunTopuax) 
ininip, hUacmaixan mac bpocan pex nepoctim pacpac 
CCi'Dne,T)unaTiac mac HosaiUmc pecc jenepip Coipppi 
moep, mopnincup. leclabap mac loingpic, pex in 
C01C1TI, tiicani penilem -piniinc. 1iTiap pex llop'omaii- 
iiopiim cocitip llibepmae ec bpicanniae uiT;am pinuiit;. 
■Oungal moc TTIoenais, ppincepp Innpi cam "Oega, in 
pace quieuic. "Oonncuan mac pLannacan a Conaing 
mac plainT) pep -oolum lugulacupepc. Oenac "Cailcen 
cen aiji pine caupa nipca ec -oisna, qiiot) non aU7)iuimup 
ab anciquip cempopibup ceci-oippe. Colman epipcopup 
ez pcpiba, abbap n-Oen-opomo, quieuit;. ■piai^bepcac 
mac TTluipcepnai^, ppincepp ■ouin ChaiU'oeti, obiic. 

let. lanaip, lunae .ix". CCnno xiomini T)CCC.° locx.° iii.° 
CCs'D mac panguppa, ppincepp popa Commain, epip- 
copup er pcpiba oprimup; TTflaelmopna mac "Diapmaca 



' Tulian. — Otherwise written Tui- 
lon. Now Dulane, in the parish of 
the same name, baronj' of Upper 
Kells, CO. Meath, 

- Cill-Ausili.- The church of St. 
Auxilius (see above, note ', p. 19) ; 
now Killashee, near Kaas, in the 
county of Kildare. 

' Corcumdrtiadh-inlnis [or Ninis]. 
This territory comprised the present 
baronies of Corcomroe and Barren, in 
the county of Clare, with the Arran 
Islands in Galway Bay, the people 
inhabiting which were called " Eogh- 
anacht-Kinais " (or descendants of 
Eoghan [son of Oilill Oluini] of 
Ninas.)" SeeLtbornah t7j<7re,p. 22a, 
where Eoganacht Ninussa is otherwise 



called Eoganacht nn n-urancl, " the 
Eugenians of the Aran [Islands], 
See also O'Donovan's Four Mast., 
A.D. 871, note q, and 1482, n. p. 

^ Ui-Fiachracli of Aidhne. — For 
the situation of this tribe, see the Map 
prefixed to O'Donovan's Tribes and 
Customs of Hy-ifany, 

' The Province in coiCTO.lit. ""of 

the fifth ; " i.e. of the Province of 
Ulidia, which in these Annals is al- 
ways referred to as the Fifth. The 
Provinces of Ireland, even when they 
were reduced to the present number 
of four, were each called cotce-D, or 
" fifth " by the Irish writers, in con- 
sequence of the qninquepartite di- 
vision made of the country by the five 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



387 



a bishop, abbot ot Tulian/ fell asleep in Christ. Loingsech, 
son of Foillen, abbot of Cill-Ausili," died. Robhartach 
of Dermhagh, an eminent scribe, rested. Mughron, son 
of Maelcothaidh, half-king of Oonnaught, died. 

Kal. Jan., ni. 27. a.d. 872. Flaithbertach, son of [872.] 
Dubhrop, King of Corcumdruadh-Ninis f Uathmaran son 
of Brocan, King of the Ui-Fiachrach of Aidhne f and 
Dunadhach son of Rogallnach, King of Cinel-Coirpri-mor, 
died. Lethlabhar son of Loingsech, King of the Province," 
ended an aged life. Tmhar, King of the Norsemen of all 
Ireland and Britain, ended life." Dungal son of Moenach, 
abbot of Inis-eain-Degha,'' rested in peace. Donncuan, 
son of Flannacan, was slain through treachery by Conaing, 
son of Fland. The Fair of Tailtiu" not celebrated, with- 
out just and sufficient cause, which we have not heard to 
have occurred" from ancient times. Colman, a bishop 
and scribe, abbot of N endrum,^" rested. Flaithbertach son 
of Muirchertach, abbot of Dun-Cailden," died. 

Kal. Jan., m. 9. a.d. 873. Aedh, son of Fiangus, [srs.] 
abbot of Ros-Comain, a bishop and eminent scribe ; Mael- 
mordha son of Diarmait, a bishop and scribe ; and Tor- 



sons of Dela son of Loch (who were 
ot the Firbolg race). See O'FIaherty's 
Ogygia, pars IIL, c. viii. The tra- 
dition of this division seems to have 
been fresh in the time of Giraldus 
Cambrensis. Topogr. Eib., Dist. I., 
cap. viii., and Dist. IIL, cap. iv. In 
the list of the Kings of Ulidia con- 
tained in the Book of Leinster (p. 41, 
coL 4), Lethlobor (as the name is 
there written) is stated to have died 
"of an internal injury," ve guin 

TTieDOItl. 

^ Ended life. — uicam ptl'tiic, A. 
B. has in Criifco quieuit; 

' Inis-cam-Defjha. — Inislcetn, in 
the county of Louth 



' Tailtiu. — NowToltown, in a parish 
of the same name, barony of Upper 
Kells, CO. Meath, celebrated for the 
national fairs, or games, which were 
wont tobecelebrated there every year, 
from the most ancient times, at the 
beginning of Autumn. A similar 
entry occurs at the year 875, but 
without the additional observation. 

" To have occurred. — ceciTjic, A. 
ceci (probably for ceci'Di-pj^e), B. 

^'^Xendrum. — Mahee Island, in 
Strangford Lough. See Reeves' 
Down and Connor, p. 148. 

ii Dun - Cailden. — Dunkeld, in 
Perthshire, .Scotland. 

2 c 2 



3,SS 



(TMNOClCC l\l(Xr)\]. 



Fol. iiab. 

X). 



ei^ifcopuf ec fc[iiba ; 'Coiipai'D pi^incepf Tamlaccae, 
epii'cop«i' ec fcjxiba oprimuv, in Chyxipco "oojifniepunr;. 
Pec^na epifcopUf, Tieifiep pacpicn ec captic peligiomp 
C0C1UV 111 be[\n 10(6) in p^n'oie nonap Occimbpip in pace 
quieuic SlojaT) la hCCex) mac Weill co Laigniu, copo- 
papojac cell CCupili, 7 alaile cealla vo lopca^ cona 
■DepcaipC Ceall mop muigi ainip T)U opgain 'du fal- 
lal B. 

]ct. lanaip, lunae .xx.« CCnno-oomini 7)ccc.°lxoc.°iiii.° 
TTloensal canipi Cluana mac Moip, 7 Tlobapcac mac na 
cepTa epipcopup Cille 'oapo, ec pcpiba opcimup, ec 
ppincepp Cille achaiT)h, ec Laccnan mac TTloccisepn 
epipcopup Cille -oapo ec ppincepp pepnann, [obiepunc]. 
TTluipe-Dac mac bpain cum exepcicu tajinenpium upque 
av moncem TTlon'ouipnn uapcauic, ec a-o puam icepum 
pejionem ance ueppepam peueppup epc. Conjpeppio 
Piccopum ppi "Dubgallu, ec pcpajep majna piccopum 
pacca epc. Oipcin mac CCmlaip pegip Klop-DDmannopum 
ab CClbanT) pep T)olum occipup epc. TDaccoisi ppincepp 
'Camlaccae, ec bennacca epipcopup Lupcan, in pace 
"Dopmiepunc. peccnac abbap ^linne va loca obnc. 

]ct. lanaiii, i.« lunae. CCnno "Dominr nccc" lococ." u.° 



^ ' Fell asleep.' — •Dop.mmic (for 

1 

•DOfimieTVUiic) A. qe (for quieue- 
Hunc ?), B. 

- Of religion. — yielesiotiup, A. 

'■' Day before the Nones. — in pfll- 
■Diap (forpni-Die) A. \\. noiiap, B. 

* Cill-Aiisili. — See note ^, p. 19 
supra. 

6 Cill-mor of Magh-Ainir. — Or 
Cill-mor of Magh-Enir. See note ^, 
p. 236 supra. 

" Bi/ Foreigners.— "on gullaib, al- 
tered to 'Dti gallaib, A. 

'' Tanist. — carnpi ; i.e. " second," 
or next in succession to the abbacy. 



' Mac-na-cerda.— This epithet sig- 
nifies " son of the artist (or artificer)." 

' And. — ec omitted in B. 

" Cill-achaidh. — Killeigh, in the 
parish and barony of Geashill, King's 
County. 

'' Lachtnan. — Harris blunders 
greatly in stating (Ware's Works, 
Vol. 1, p. 382), that Colgan (at p. 
793 Acta Sanctorum), and the Four 
Masters, at a.d. 813, mention a 
"Lactan"as bishop of Kildare at 
that date, whom Harris would identify 
with the Lachtnan whose obit is 
above recorded. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



389 



paidh, abbot of Tauihlacht, a bishop and excellent scribe, 
' fell asleep '' in Christ. Bishop Fethgna, heir of Patrick, 
and the head of religion^ of all Ireland, rested in peace on 
the day before the Nones' of October. A hosting by 
Aedh son of Niall to the Leinstermen, when Cill-Ausili^ 
was profaned, and other churches, with their oratories, 
were burned. Cill-mor of Magh-Ainir' was plundered 
by Foreigners.* 

Kal. Jan., m. 20. A.D. 874. Moengal, 'tanisf of [87t.] 
Clonmacnoise ; and Robhartach ' mac-na-cerda,'" bishop 
of Cill-dara, and an excellent scribe, and" superior of 
Oill-achaidh,'" and Lachtnan" son of Mochtigern, bishop 
of Cill-dara, and superior of Ferna, [died]. Muiredach 
son of Bran, with an army of Leinstermen, wasted as 
far as Sliabh-Monduirnn,^^ and i-eturned to his own 
country before evening. An encounter of the Picts with 
the Black Foreigners, and a great slaughter of the Picts 
was committed. Oistin, son of Amlaibh, King of the 
Norsemen, was deceitfully slain by Alband.'^ Maccoigi, 
superior of Tamlacht," and Bennachta, bishop of Lusca," 
slept in peace. Fechtnach, abbot of Glenn-da-locha 
died. 

Kal. Jan., m. 1. A.D. 875. Custantin'' son of Cin- [875.] bis. 



12 Sliabh-Mondmrmi. — Not identi- 
fied. Sliabh - Modhaim was the 
ancient name of a range of hills near 
Ballybay, in the barony of Cremorne, 
CO. Monaghan (according to O'Dono- 
van, Four Masters, A. IVI., 3579, note 
g). But it could hardly have been 
the place here intended, being much 
more than a day's march from Muire- 
dach's home in Kildare. 

^^Alband. — Todd took this as mean- 
ing the " men of Alba" (or of Scot- 
land), War of the Gaedhil, &c., 
Introd., Ixxv., note ' ; and Skene 
(Chron. Picts and Scots, p. 362), 



quoting from these Annals, represents 
the ab albariT) of the text by " ab 
Albaueusibus." But if the chronicler 
intended to say that Oistin was slain 
by the Albans (or Scotch) he would 
have used the expression ab CCtban- 
chaib. The truth seems to be that 
Oistin was slain by Alband, King of 
the "Black Gentiles;" whose death 
is recorded under the year 876. 

i"* Tamlacht, — Tallaght, in the 
barony of Uppercross, co. Dublin. 

^^Lusca. — Lusk, in the barony of 
BalrotUery East, co. Dublin. 

l^ Custantin Constantine, son of 



390 



ccMNcclo; 11 Lett) ti. 



Cufcaiicin mac Cinae'DCt pex picroiiiim, CincteT> abbccf 
achaiT) bo Cainml, Conjalac mac piifiiecca yiex na 
n -CCi 1151 alia, •pe'Doc ppmcepf wrint; 'OiaiamaT;a, moinun- 
cup. Coiyipiii mac "Oiajimaca, \iex nepor;um Cennf elal5^ 
a viiaciiibuf ftiif occivuf ^V^- Oenac T^ailT^en cen 0151 
fine caufa iUfT:a ec 1515110. "Oomnall epifcopuf Cofi- 
caige, fcpiba opcimuf, p ubi7:a mol^ce pepiic 

let. lanaip, ecu." lunae. (Xnno Tiomini t)CCC.° Lxx.° 
111." eusan ec TTlaelcuile nepop Ciianac, vuo abbacep 
Cluana mace U Noip, in pace -Dopmiepunc. "Oonncliat) 
mac CCexiaccain mic Concobaip piaunn mac TTlael- 
pecnaill pep Tiolum occipup epc. Huarepi mac TTluip- 
ininn, pex Opict;onum, vu t^iiiTiecc "Doctim n-SpenT) pop 
zetcGV pe "OubsallaiB. maelbpisce epipcopup Slane 
in pace "oopmiuic. belliolum occ Loc ciian eiT;ip 12inn- 
genci 7 "Oubgennri, in quo CClbann T)licc na n-'DubjenT;! 
ceciTiic. SocapT;ac mac bpocam, -dux nepotium Copmaic, 
mopcuup epT:. CoemcloUT) abba-o 1 n-apT)T) TTlacae .1. 
CCenmipe in incem tTlaelco15a. Camlan mac Cepnaij 
pi pep Ciil mopiT:tip. 



Kenneth Mac Alpin. Though his 
simple obit is here recorded, he is 
stated in other authorities to have 
been slain in battle by the Norsemen. 
See Todd's War of the Gaedhil, 
Sic, Introd., p. Ixxv., note *, and 
Skene's Chron. Pids and Scots, In- 
trod., cxxxv,, and the references given 
in the Index to that work, regarding 
Constantine sou of Kenneth. 

^DisertD iarmatn Castledermot, 

in the south of the county of Kildare. 

■' Coirpri. — The name " Cairpri 
mac Diormata," or Cairpri sen of 
Diarmait, appears in the list of the 
Kings of the Ui-Cendselaigh, con- 
tained in the Book nf Ltinsltr, p. 10, 
col. a. 



^ Fair of Tailtiu. — The National 
games celebrated annually at Tel- 
town, in the count}- Meath. See a 
similar entry at the year 872, where 
it is stated that the non-celebration 
of the Fair of Teltown had not been 
known to have occurred from the 
most ancient times. The non-celebra- 
tion is also noticed at 877. But under 
the year 915 (916) infra, the celebra- 
tion is said to have been renewed by 
Niall [Glundubh], on his accession to 
the kingship of Ireland. 

* Corcacli. — Cork, in Munster. 

'' Flami Flann Sinna, afterwards 

King of Ireland. The date of his 
accetteiou to the monarchy is not given 
in these Annals, though his obit is 



ANNALS OJ? ULSTER. 



391 



aedli, King of the Piuts ; Ciuaedh, abbot of AchaJh-bo- 
Cainnigli ; Congalach, son of Finsnechta, King of the 
Airgialla, [and] Fedach, abbot of Disert-Dianiiata,' died, 
Coii'pri,^ son of Diarraait, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, waa 
slain by his brothers. The Fair of Tailtiii' not celebrated, 
without just and sufficient cause. Domhnall, bishop of 
Corcach/ an eminent scribe, died suddenly. 

Kal. Jan., m. 12. A.D. 876. Eugan and Maeltuile Ua 
Ouanach, two abbots of Clonmacnoise, slept in peace. 
Donnchad, son of Aedhacan, son of Conchobar, was slain 
through treachery^ by Flann,^ son of Maelsechuaill. 
Ruaidhri,'' son of Muirmenn, King of the Britons, came 
to Ireland, fleeing before the Black Foreigners. Mael- 
brighte, bishop of Slane, slept in peace. A battle at 
Loch-Cuan,' between Fail' Gentiles and Black Gentiles, 
in which Albann,' King of the Black Gentiles, was slain. 
Sochartach, son of Brocan, King of the Ui-Cormaic, died. 
A change of abbots" in Ard-Macha, viz., Ainmire in the 
place of Maelcobha. Cathalan, son of Cernach, King of 
Fera-CuV died. 



[87tf.] 



recorded at the year 915 (alias 916) 
infra. The Four Masters have his 
accession at the year 877 ; but 
O'Flaherty refers it to 879, {Oyuyia, 
p. 13i.) 

<^ RmuJhri Or llodliri the Great, 

sun of Mervyn Vrycho. The record 
of his death, by the ' Saxous,' i-; 
catered under the next year. Tlie 
AimaUs Camhrlce and Brut y Tijioij- 
sogion have it also at a.t>. 877. See 
Williams' Eminent Welshmin, p. -438, 
and Chron. Scotorum (ed. Hennessy), 
p. 154, notes 4, 5. 

' Loch-Cnan.—StrSiDgtord Lough, 
in the county Down. 

« Albann.—See the note regarding 
this person at the year 874. 



" Change of Abbots. — In the margin 
in A. is written in a small neat hand, 
the note, " coniiinucacio abbi]p 
(abbacif) in Ard Macha." See the 
note on Maelcobho, at the year .878 
infra. 

^"I'erii-Ciil. — Otherwise called Fera- 
Cul-Bregh. A district which aecms 
to have included a large part of the 
present baronies of Upper and Lower 
Kell, in the county of Meath. Ac- 
cording to the Martgr of Donegal, at 
6th April and 20th November, Imlech- 
Fiarch and Magh-Bolcc (now repre- 
sented by the parishes of Lmlagb and 
Moybolgue, in the barony of Lower 
Kella) were in the territory of Fera- 
Cul-Brea;l' 



392 



CCMMCClCC iiLcct)1i. 



let. lanaij^, xx.a ni.a Itinae. OCnno T)omini nccc" 
laix." uii.° Huai-Diii mac TTluifiminn, yiecc b]niconnum, a 
Saxombuf inceiaempT;«f. Gee's mac Cina7)an, \iex picco- 
l\um, a focnv ipuif occifUf efc. 5"|ipic mac TTlael- 
bifxi5T;G, fiGX ConaiUe, t)ecollacuf efc o auib Gcac. 

TluaTOtxi TTlananp minn ti-aine, 
CCe-D a cjiichaib Cinnni|ve, 
"OonnchaT) 'Domria pinn plactia, 
Safxbfic minn ITlaca mine ; 

T)oixalaim a\\ m'aifie, 
pt)5ela1^ c|Xicha mo cjxite ; 
Lecca tiuafva myi n-aifie 
Oaile |:op, bafiyi'pinn bile. 

Cumufcac mac TTIuiifieDais fiea; nepocum Cjiemminn 
o Ullcaib occifuy^ eft;. TTlaelpatifiaicc mac Ceallaij 
pyiincepip maimiprt^ec binci fubit;a mop.ce pepur. 
Uencup magnup et; pulgop. Ppop pola pluxic co 
ppica a papci cpo 7 pola popp na maigiB. Oenac 'Cail- 
cin cen ai^i pine caupa lupca ec ■Dijna. Gclippiplunae 
iT)ibup Occobpip, X.1111. lunae; quappi cepcia uigilia 
.1111. pepiae, polipqtie Tuppeccup .1111. ]cl. Mouembpip, 
lunae xxuni, quappi .uii. hopa 7)i6i, .1111. pepiae, polip .xu. 



^ Ruaidhri. — See the note regard, 
ing this King of the Britons (or 
Welsh), under the preceding year. 

- Aedh, son of Cinadh. — This was 
apparently Aedh, son of Cinaedh (or 
Kenneth) Mac Alpin. See Skene's 
Chron. of Picts and Scots, Pref., 
p. cxxxiv. 

^ Ruaidhri of Manann. — Ruaidhri, 
son of Muirmenn (or Mervyn), seems 
to have heen King of Manann (the 
Isle of Man). See Williams' Eminent 
WeUhrmn, p. 438. These stanzas, 
which are not in B., are written in the 



top margin of fol. 44 oj in A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
the}' might be introduced in the text. 

* Ceun-tire. — Kantyre, in Scotland. 

'' Garbsith, — The sameaa the person 
whose name is written " Garfith " in 
the preceding prose entry. See Ann. 
Four Mast., at 876. 

^ The Editor is unable to translate 
the original, laile for harrfhinn bile, 
which seems devoid of sense or mean- 
ing. 

'iU«ms4-{e»'-£«si}..— Monasterboice, 
CO. Louth. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



393 



Kal. Jan., 23rd of the Moon. a.d. 877. Ruaidhri/ son 
of Muirmenn, King of the Britons, was killed by Saxons. 
Aedh, sou of Cinad,= King of the Picts, was killed by 
his confederates. Garfith, son of Maelbrighte, King of 
Conaille, was beheaded by the Ui-Echach. 

Euaidhri of Manann,' gem of delight ; 
Aedh from the lands of Cenn-tire' ; 
Donnchad, fair heir of a prince ; 
Garbsith,' ornament of smooth Macha. 

It cuts my heart's limits, 

When I call to mind 

The cold flags over princes ! 

Cumuscach, son of Muiredach, King of Ui-Cremthainn, 
was slain by Ulidians. Maelpatraic, son of Cellach, abbot 
of Mainistir-Buiti,'' died suddenly. Great wind and 
lightning. A shower of blood fell, which was found in 
lumps of gore and blood on the plains." The " Fair " of 
Tailtiu" not celebrated, without just and sufficient cause. 
An eclipse of the moon on the Ides of October, the 14th 
of the moon,^° about the third vigil, on a Wednesday ; 
and an eclipse of the sun on the 4th of the Kalends of 
November, the 28th of the moon, about the 7th hour of 
the day, on a Wednesday, 15 solar days intervening. 



[877.] 



^ On theplains. — In a corresponding 
entry in the Chron. Scotorum (878) 
these plains are mentioned as in 
Cianachta, at Drnnha na nDeist, some 
place in the barony of Upper or 
Lower Deece, co. Meath ; though 
O'Donovan would identify it with 
Duma-nDresa, a place situated to the 
north of the well-known hill of Knock- 
graffon, in the barony of Middlethird, 
CO. Tipperary. See under the year 
897 infra. 



" Fair of Tailtitt. — See the note 
regarding this Fair, at the year 875 
supra^ 

" Fourteenth of the moon. — The 
4th of the moon, according to the 
MS. B. The whole of this entry, 
not fully given in B., is added in the 
lower margin of fol. 44 a in MS. A., 
with a sign of reference to the place 
where it .should be introduced in the 
text. 



3U4 



ccMNCclcc nlcfoh. 



i?oi. iiOi,. v\6huY )nze]iuem6nzyhu\\ Sc)iin Coluim ciUeyaininna 
olcena du cmccain Tiocum n-GiieiTO ^o\\ ceicea-o yim 
fallal 15. 

]ct.1anai]i, 1111. Uinae. CCiinoT)omini t)ccc.°la;x°uiii.° 
CCe^ [pinnlicrcli] mac Weill [caille], ixex- "Cemoi^me, in 
.XII. let. "Oecimbpium 1 n-TDixuim in afclaiiTD 1 epic 
Con ai Lie T)0)amniiu. 

"Ouo'Decein calaiiTO cheolac 
"Oecimbitx man a r;lioit)en, 
1 ii-eixbailt: am]\Vi aiixib 
CCet) CC1I15 aiixxJin S'^'^el. 

]2e\i v^a^ voixrc'^o l^cpnai-De, 
"Omixiiibu Ian 'Ceiiiaiix cliiixec, 
Seme vixi omna eixnait)e, 
"Oi cein bixoja mac inilen. 

piann mac ITlailfecnaill ixe^najxe incipic. Tigeixnac 
mac TTluiixetiaic epipcopuf, pixincepp "Dpoma in af- 
clainn, excenpo T)oloifxe pauy^auic pepsil mac Cum- 
paiT), abb T)omnai5 8ecnaill,'DomaifxbaT) 1 n-mnnecaicni. 
Oenjuf mac Cina[e]-Da, -dux \ie\i n-afx-oa Ciannocca, 
mopicuyx. THaelcobo mac Ctxunnmaeil, p]xincepp aijat) 
TDaca, tio epgaCail t)0 ^allaiB, ym i:e]xle5inn .1. TTlocca. 



' Minna.- -Reliquaries. See Keeves' 
Adamnan, p. 315, note -, regiirdiug 
tlie meaning of tlie Avord minna. 

-Finnliath. Caille. — These epithets 
are added in tlie margin in A, in 
a very old hand. They are not in 
B. 

'^ Kiiiij oj Temair (or of Tara) ; i.e. 
King of Ireland. 

* Druim-Inasclaind. — Now Drom- 
iskin, in a parish of the same name, 
barony and county of Louth. 

" Twelfth. — These atanzas are writ- 
ten in the top margin of fol. of ii h 
in MS. A., with a mark of reference 
to the place in which they should be 
introduced in the text. They are 



not iu B. See the Ann. Four Mast,, 
at the year 87C. 

'' Fhinn, — Otherwise called "Flann 
Sinna." His obit is recorded at the 
year d\5 { = 916} i/ij'ra. The original 
of this entry, which is in the test iu 
B., is added in the margin in A. 

' Domnach-Sechiudll. — Now Dun- 
shaughliu, in the county of Meath. 

' In secrecy — The so-called trans- 
lator of these Annals, whose version 
is preserved in the MS. Clar. 49, British 
Museum, considered the expression 
in-'DUinecaiciU; (which means killing 
a person, and hiding the body), as sig- 
nifying the name of a place. O'Conor 
renders it by "in depradatione." 



ANNAtS OF ULSTER. 



395 



The shrine of Colum-Cille, and all his minna,^ aiiived in 
Ireland, to escape the Foreigners. 

Kal. Jan., the 4th of the moon. A.D. 878. Aedh 
[Finnlaith'^], son of Niall [Caille"], King of Temair,^ 
'fell asleep' in Druim-Inasclaind' in the territory of 
Conailli, on the 12th of the Kalends of December. 

On the twelfth^ of the musical Kaleuds 

Of December, fierce its tempests, 

Died the noblest of princes, 

Aedli of Ailech, chief King of the Gaedhil. 

A steady, manly man [was he]. 
Of whom territorial Temair" was full ; 
A shield against hidden dangers, 
Of the stout stock of Milidh's sons. 

Flann" son of Maelsechnaill begins to reign. Tigernach 
son of Muiredhach, a bishop, abbot of Druim-Inasclaind,* 
' rested ' after a protracted illness. Fergil son of Cum- 
sad, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill,'' was murdered in 
secrecy.^ Oengus, son of Cina[e]dh, chief of the men of 
Ai-d-Cianachta," died. Maelcobho'" son of Crunnmael, 
abbot of Ard-Macha, "was taken prisoner by Foreigners ; 



[878.] 



^ Men of Ard-CimMchla. — Or Fir- 
Arda-Ciauaclita ; a tribe whose ter- 
ritory 13 now represented by the 
barony of Ferrard, in the county of 
Louth. 

'" Maeloobho. — His name is in the 
list of the comarbs (or successors) of 
St. Patrick contained in the Book of 
Leinsier (p. 42, col. 4), where he is 
represented as having ruled only two 
j'ears, (Todd wrongly prints v. years, 
St. Patrick, p. 182), and as having 
been of the ' family ' of Cill-mor, or 
Cill-mor-Ua-Niallain, now Kilmore 
in the barony of O'Neilland West, in 
the county of Armagh. See at the 
year 876 siijira, where it is stated that 



there was a change of abbots in Ar- 
magh, and that Ainmeri, whose obit 
is noted under this j-ear in this 
chronicle, was appointed in the place 
of Maelcobho, who was displaced. 
There is a good deal of confusion 
regarding the succession to the ab- 
bacy or bishoprick of Armagh at this 
time, as appears from the lists pub- 
lished by Todd (^St. Patrich, pp. 174- 
182). The oldest list, that in the 
Book of Leinster, which gives the 
order of succession as Aiiimere, Mael- 
cobo, and Cathassach, is probably the 
most correct. See Harris's Wan, 
Vol. I., p. 40. 



396 



aNNccltc ulcc'D'h. 



CCfcolc mo|i poll cecfiaiB ifiiTD eppuc. ^oLc nioj\ irnTO 
ojomufi. nriaelcGifie t)Ux Oa Ciieiiicainn occifUf epc. 
llaljafis mac 'Plai^beficois, iii5T)otn)ia in cuaifceipc, 
tnoiairtip. pitifnecca mac TTlaelecofictxai, xiex ttiigne 
Connacc, motiicup. CCinmejai pfxincepf .ix. menfium i 
ii-ajfiT) TTIaca -ooifimitiir;. T)un5al piamcepr tecglinne 
mo)aicU|i. 

|ct. lanaifi, a;u«. lunae. CCnno T)omini ■dccc." Ixcc." ix.° 
Peifia^ac mac Cofimaic, abbaf lae, paufauic TTIael- 
ciafiain mac Conaing, fiex "Ce^bai, in clej\icat;u uicam 
Venilem pniuic. "Ouibliciifi ppmcepf Cluana auif ec 
cige CCipimjain, moyicuuf efc. 

Ml effib bafr cen TDolniai 
Wi p,oacc jnaf co maiibu, 
■^11^ laDOT) calam qxebcac 
■pop, -rencait) bat)!!) ampu. 

TTluipecan mac Copmaic, ppmcepp SencpaiB, mopicup. 
maelmi^ic mac "OtnbinDpecc occipup epc. 

|ct. lanaip., tii.« lunae. CCnno ■oommi 7)000.° hxxcx. 
pepcaip abbap benncaip mopcuup epc. Cpunnmael 
CLuana cam, epipcopup ec ancopica, Tiopmiuic. 'Oep- 
cac Ciannam vo copcpac tdo gallaiB 7 a tan v\ -DoiniB 
T)0 bpic app, ez popcea bapiu cipannup magnup 



^ In the Auttimn. — ipiiiT) ojomuTi, 
for ipnt) vojtnutv, A. and B. 

- Luighne of Cormaught — A very 
distinguished tribe, wliose territory is 
now represented by the barony of 
Leyny, in the county of Sligo. 

s Leith-gleiin. — Now Leighlin, or 
Leighlin Bridge, in the county of 
Carlow, the site of a very ancient 
bishoprick. 

' Feradhach. — • See Reeves' Ad 
amnan, p- 391i 



^ la. — lona, in Scotland. 

^ Tethta. — See note '■>, p. 316 supra. 

^ Dubhlitlr. — Literally "Black- 
letter." 

' Cluain-Eois. — Clones, in the 
present county of Monaghan. 

' Tecli-Airenain. — The " House of 
Airenan.'' Now Tyfarnham, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Corkaree, and county of Westmcath. 

'" There tastednot death. — til eppib 
bapp. This is merely a portion of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



397 



and the lector, i.e. Mochta. Great scarcity [of food] for 
cattle in the spring. Great profusion in the autumn.^ 
Muelcere, chief of the XJi-Cremhthain, was slain. Ualgarg 
son of Flaithbertach, royal-heir of the North, died. Fins- 
nechta son of Maelcorcrai, King of the Luighne of Conn- 
aught,^ died. Ainnieri, abbot of Ard-Macha during nine 
months, ' fell asleep.' Dungal, abbot of Leith-glenn,' 
died. 

Kal. Jan., m. 15. A.D. 879. Feradhach* son of 
Cormac, abbot of la,** rested. Maelciarain son of Conaing, 
King of Tethba," ended an old age in a religious state. 
Dubhlitir,' abbot of Cluain-Eois^ and Tech-Airenain,° 
died. 



L879.] 



There tasted not deatli'" quickly, 
There went not usually to the dead, 
The fruitful land was not closed over 
A historian more illustrious. 



Muirecan son of Cormac, abbot of Sentrebh," died. 
Maelmithich,^'' son of Dubhindrecht, was slain. 

Kal. Jan., the 6th of the moon. A.D. 880. Ferchair, 
abbot of Bennchair,'' died. Crunnmael of Cluain-cain," a 
bishop and anchorite, 'fell asleep.' The oratory of 
Cianan^* was plundered by Foreigners, and its full of 
people taken out of it ; and Barith, a great tyrant of the 



[880.] 



some stanzas -written on the top margin 
of fol. 45a in MS. A., the beginning 
of the verses having been mutilated 
by the binder. 

^^ Sentreih.—lhe "Old House." 
Santry, a few miles to the north of 
Dublin. 

" Maelmithich.— The Four Masters 
(at A.D. 877) write the name Mael - 
mithidh, and state that he was slain 
by the Airthera, a powerful tribe 
whose territory is now represented by 



the baronies of Orior, in the east of 
the present co. Armagh. 

'^Bennhair. — Bangor, in the county 
of Down. 

^* Cluain - Cain. — O'Donovan identi- 
fies this place (Four Mast., a.d. 836, 
note u) with Clonkeen, in the barony 
of Ardee, and county of Louth. 

■'^ The oratory of Clanan. — This 
was at Duleek, eo Meath, the monas- 
tery of which was founded by St. 
Cianan. See note ", p. 29 supra. 



398 



(XMtlCrtfC lllCTDll. 



Tlop'n'omannotitim a Cictnnano occi)nii^ e]^- llTael- 
IMncill mac 1T1 115110111 ]iex Oa Pailgi moincup. Oenguf 
Foi. 44W-. 1TIOC lTlaelcauiia|iT)T)a pianicep)^ (X^\-^T) i^jiaccc, Oenacan 
inac Hua-Diiac piinicepf Ltifcan, pLaiceman mac 
Ceallaig ]\ex Oa mOiinim Cimlann, mopuinctip. 
Siiibne epifcopui"" Cille Tiapo qinetiiT;. Riii-osel epip- 
copuf abbap imleco Ibaip quteinr. ITIaebpabaiU mac 
l,oini5pi5, pex Caipge bpacaiT)e, mopictip. 

]ct. laiiaip, iiii.« lunae. CCnno -Domini t)ccc.° ixxx." i.° 
•Slose-o la 'piann mac maelpeclainn co n-^^allaib 7 
^oiT)elaib ipa pocla, coiToeipi-o 1 lllag icip Tia glaip co 
p' innpeT) leip apxiT) maca. niiiipcepcac mac Weill, 
abbap T)aipe Calcai^; e- aliapum ciincaoum, panpam-. 
Imcocaim icip topcan mac Copcpaic, pi Pliallain, 7 
"Ooniiacan mac ■pojepcaig pig 'Pepnininse. belliolum 
1-ip Conaille TTTluipceimne? llllcti, icopcaip CCnpiu mac 
CCe-Dtt pex lJla£, 7 Conallan mac nnaeleT)tiin pex Cobo, 
en alii riobilep ceci-oepunc. Conaille uiccopep epanc. 
Scannlan ppmcepp "Omn lecglaippi nisiilactip epu 
lUlcaib. Copmac mac Ciapain, pecnap cluana pepca 
bpenainn ec ppincepp cuama va gualann, mopiutip. 



^ Killed It/ Cianan. — The Four 
Masters (at a.d. 878) state that 
Barlth was "killed and hurned" in 
Ath-cHath [Dublin] "through the 
miracles of God and Cianan." The 
Barith here mentioned was of course 
a different person from the " Barid 
sou of Ottir " referred to at the year 
913 infra. See Todd's War of the 
Gaedhil, &c., Introd., pp. Ixxiv., 
Ixxxiv., and pp. 273-4. 

" MaelsinchiU. — His name occurs 
in the list of the Kings of Ui-Failge 
in the Booh of Leinster (p. 40, col. 3), 
where he is stated to have reigned 
during nine years. 



^ ArcJ-sralhn. — Ardstraw, in the 
county of Tyrone. 

^ TmJech-Ibhair. — Eraly, in the 
barony of Clanwilliam, co. Tipperary ; 
the seat of an ancient bishoprick. 

^ Carraig-Brachaidhe. — See note '\ 
p. 325 supra. 

^ Maf/h-ilir-da-glas. — This name 
signifies the " plain between two 
rivers." The place has not been 
identified. 

' Baire-Calcaigh. — The old Irish 
name of Derry, or Londonderry. See 
Keeves' Adamnan, p. 160, note r. 

^ Vi-Niallain A branch of the 

great stock of the Airghialla, whose 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



.^99 



Norsemen, was afterwards killed b}' Cianan.^ Mael- 
sinchill," son of Mughron, King of the Ui-Failghi, died. 
Oenghus, son of Maelcaurarda, abbot of Ard-sratlia ;° 
Oenacan, son of Ruaidhri, abbot of Lusca, [and] Flaithe- 
man, son of Cellaeh, King of Ui-Briuin-Cualann, died. 
Suibhne, bishop of Cill-dara, rested. Ruidhgel, a bishop, 
abbot of Imlech-Ibhair,* rested. Maelfabhaill, son of 
Loingsech, King of Carraig-Brachaide,' died. 

Kal. Jan., the 7th of the moon. a.d. 881. A hosting 
by Flann son of Maelsechlainn, with Foreigners and 
Irish, into the North, when they halted at Magh-itir-da- 
glas,^ and Ard-Macha was plundered by him. Mairchor- 
tach son of Niall, abbot of Daire-Calcaigh" and other 
monasteries, rested. Lorcan son of Coscrach, King of 
the Ui-Niallain,^ and Donnacan son of Fogartach, King 
of Fernmhagh," fell by each other." A battle between 
the Conaille-Muirthem-hne and the Ulidians, in which 
Anfith" son of Aedh, King of Ulidia, and Conallan son of 
Maelduin, King of Cobho,'^ and other nobles were slain. 
The Conaille were victors. Scannlan, abbot of Dun- 
lethglaisi, was slain by Ulidians. Cormac son of Ciaran, 
vice-abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, and abbot of Tuaini- 



[881.] 



tribe name, Ui-Niallain, is still pre- 
served in the names of the baronies 
of O'Neilland East and West, in the 
county of Armagh. 

' Fernmhagh. — Now represented by 
the barony of Famey, in the county 
of Monagban. 

i« Fell by each other. — The literal 
translation of the original, imcocaim 
iciTtLorvcan .... 7 T)otiTia- 
catl, would be "a mutual falling 
between Lorcan .... and Don- 
nacan;" which means that the two 
fell in mutual conflict. 

^'^Anfith The name is written 

" Anbith" in a list of the Kings of 



the Ulaid contained in the Booh nj 
Leinster, p. 41, col. 3, where he is 
stated to have reigned ten years, and 
- toiiave^ been slain in the country of- 
the " Airthera" (or " Oriors "), at 
DabuU [a river in the countj' of Ar- 
magh, now known bj' the name of 
" the Tall river."] See Peeves' 
Colton's Visitation^ p. 126. 

'^ Cohho. — Here used forUi-Echach 
Cobho (or descendants of Echaidh 
Cobho), whose territory is now repre- 
sented by the baronies of Lower and 
Upper Iveagli, in the county of 
Down. 



400 



aNNCC?CC UlOCTiVl. 



Fol. 45ao. 



Concobap mac T!^ait>5, laex zeo\ia Conn act;, in cam 
fenilem pni«ic. CCexian pjimcepf Cltiana iixaifix) m 
pace quieuic. "Oubmnipe, ppmcepf innfi cam "Deja, 
mojaicup. 

jet. 1anaii\, Uinae >xiiiii. CCnno 'oomini •occc." Ixxx" 
11." 1T)aeliiuain epivcopuf Liipcan in pace T)oi\niuiic. 
Ciimupcac mac "OomnaillpexCeniuil Loejaipe niopiciip. 
bpaen mac 'Cisepnaij occip up epc o CCnpic mac ^aipbic. 

bpoen mac 'Cigepnaig cen 501, 
Catila epclop pon mbic che, 
Oenjiip T)0 5Uin anial loen, 
Cam oen vo 'oecpaiB "Oe. 

TTlopp mic CCupli macleppii 7 o mjain TTlaelfecnaill. 
CCnpic mac THu5pain,7)«x TTlus-Dopnambpes, losulacup 
epc. e-ococcan mac CCe-oo, lee pi UlaT), lugulacup epc 
piliip CCnpir mic CCetio. Cacapac mac Robapcaic, ppin- 
cepp aipx) TTIaca, in pace quieuic. Oen|up mac TTlaele- 
"DUin, pi5T>omna in cuaipcipc, "oecollacup ept; Tial 
CCpai'oe. 

]ct. lanaip, lunae ococ." ux«. CCnno -Domini t>ccc.° 
Ixxx." 111.° CCilbpenn mac TTlaiccic, ppincepp CLuana 
ipaipT)t), excenpo 7)olope ■Dopmniic. Suaiplec ppincepp 
aip'D bpecain uicam penilem piniuit;. "Domnall mac 
niuipecain, pex Lajmenpium, lugulacup epc a pociip 



^ Tuaim-da-ghualann. — Tuam, in 
the county of Galway. 

2 A good old age. — The words 
uicam petiitem v""«ic ^^'^ repre- 
sented in the Ann. Four Mast., (a.d. 
879) by latv tTDeisbecTiai-o, "after 
a good life." 

' Inis-cain-Dega. — Inishkeen, in 
the barony and county of Louth. 

* Braen, — The original of these 
lines, (not in B.), is written in the 



lower margin of fol. 44J in A., with 
a sign of reference to the place where 
they might be introduced into the 
text. 

^ Oengus.— The person whose de- 
capitation forms the last entrj' for this 
year. 

'^ Braen.— The MS. A. has loen, 
which is obviously a mistake for 
bytoen. 

' /ei-yttj'.— Called lepcne in MS, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



401 



da-ghualann/ died. Conchobar son of Tadhg, King of 
the three divisions of Connaught, ended a good old ao-e.' 
Aedhan, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, rested in peace. Dubh- 
innse, abbot of Inis-cain-Dega/ died. 

Kal. Jan., the 18th of the moon. a.d. 882. Maelruain, [882.] 
bishop of Lusca, slept in peace. Cumuscach son of 
DomnaU, King of Cinel-Loegaire, died. Braen, son of 
Tigernach, was slain by Anfith son of Gairbhith. 

Braen,' son of Tigernach, without gxiile ; 
Whose renown was great throughout the world. 
Oengus* was killed, like Braen." 
He was not one of God's enemies. 

Death of the son of Ausli, by the son of lerg-ni'' and the 
daughter^ of Maelsechnaill. Anfith, son of Mughran, 
chief of Mughdhorna-Bregh, was slain. Eochocan, son of 
Aedh, half-king" of Ulidia, was slain by the sons of Anfith,'" 
son of Aedh. Cathasach," son of Robartach, abbot of 
Ard-Macha, rested in peace. Oenghus, son of Maelduin, 
royal heir of the North, was beheaded by the Dal- 
Araidhe. 

Kal. Jan., the 29th of the moon. A.D. 883. Ailbrenn, [883.] bis. 
son of Maichtech, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, died after 
a long illness. Suairlech, abbot of Ard-Brecain, 
ended a long life. Domnall, son of Muirecan, King 
of the Leinstermen, was slain by his associates. 



A., at the year 851 (=852) supra, 
and eiyicne in the corresponding 
entry in B See Todd's War of the 
Gaedhil, etc., Introd., p. Ixiii. The 
Chron. Scotorum, at a.d. 883, gives 
the name of the son of lergni (or 
Eirgni), as " Otir." 

' Daughter. — Her name was Muir- 
gel, according to the Chron. Scotorum. 

9 Half-Hng. — In the list of the 



Kings of Ulidia in the Book of Lein- 
ster, p. 41, col. 3, Eochocan is set 
down as full king of that province, 
the duration of his government being 
Hmited to one j'ear. 

^"Anfith. — See the record of hia 
death among the entries for the pre- 
ceding year. 

11 Cathasach. — See the note on 
Maelcobho, at the year 878 supra. 

2d 



402 ccNMalcc ulat)ti. 

ftiiv- Coiript\i mac "Ounlainse, pex lajiraip lipi, mop- 
cuur epc. Conains mac piamn, ^i^-oomna Ciannachra, 
•oecoUacup efc a lasinenfibuif. "Oonncuan mac 
Com)alai5, pex Ciannacbr;a slinne gaimin, moriicuri- 
"Outiacan mac "Cua^cairi, tjux Salens coUumpac, 
uisulacuf eyz o ^alenjsaiB moviaiB. Corimac mac 
Ceicevinais, ipecnap T^ipe va slap 7 cltiana pepca 
bfienanin paupauit;. Hosaillnec abbap benncaip, 
"Ounacan mac Copmaic abbap manufqiec buit;i, Con- 
allan mac ITlaelceimin ppincepf itinpi cain "Oega, -dovi- 
mieifvunt;. 

let. lanaifi, x. lunae. CCnno -oomini t)ccc.° haac." 
1111.° "Cuiley^laic abanpa Cille -capo -oopmiuic, ec 
Scannal epipcopiip Cille •oapo mopicup. "Domnall mac 
Cinae'Sa pi ceniuil Loegaipe 111 clepicacu obnc. ITIael- 
cuile mac pecT;nai5, ppincepp S'^aippe noi-oe mopruup 
epc. TTlaelparpaicc mac ITl aelecaupap-oa, pex na 
Ti-CCip5ialla,iU5UlarupepT; a pocnppuip. edipfippolip, 
er uipae punc pcellae in coelo. fllael'DUin mac Oen- 
juppo, pex coille pollamain, mopicup. Copmac, ppin- 
cepp Cluana ipaip-OT) ez epipcopup "Ooimliacc, excenpo 
-oolope paupac. In mac oc CpoeB laippe t)0 labpa-o 
•Dia xia mip lap na geimmin, quox) ab anT;iquip cem- 
popibup non au'oirum epc. ITluipe'Dac mac bpain 
pex tagmenpium ec ppmcepp Cille "oapa, T)opmiuit;. 
"Ounecace "DO "oenum 1 Cill "oapo. Tnu§pon mac Cinn- 
paelaT), ppmcepp cluana pep7;a bpenuain, mopirup. 



' larthar-Liphe. Or larthar Lifi. 
— See note ', p. 100 supra. 

^ Cianachta, i.e. the Cianachta of 
Bregh (or Bregia) , in the present county 
of Meath; one of several septs de- 
scended from Cian, the son of Oilill 
Oluim, King of Munster in the 2nd 



^ Gailenga-mora. — The " Great 
Gailenga." The name is still pre- 
served in that of the barony of Mor- 
gallion, in the north of the county of 
Meath 

° Vice-ahbot. — |^ecnap. the Four 
M. (at A.D. 881), say pifvioifi, or prior. 



century. " Glais-noide. — Usually written 

' CianaclUa-Glmne-gaimhin. — See " Glais-noidhen ; " Glasnevin, to the 
note ', p. 132 supra. \ north of Dublin. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



403 



Coirpri son of Dunlaing, King of larthar-Liphe,' died. 
Conaing son of Flann, royal heir of Cianachta,' was 
beheaded by Leinstermen. Donncuan son of Condalach, 
King of Cianachta-Glinne-gairahin,' died. Dunaean son 
of Tuathcar, chief of Gailenga-Collumrach, was slain by 
the Gailenga-mora.* Coi-mac son of Ceithernach, vice- 
abbot" of Tir-da-glas and Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, rested. 
Rogaillnech, abbot of Bennchair ; Dunaean son of Cormac, 
abbot of Mainistir-Buiti ; Conallan son of Maelteimin, 
abbot of Inis-cain-Dega, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan., the 10th of the moon. a.d. 884. Tuile- 
flaith, abbess of CiU-dara, ' fell asleep ' ; and Scannal, 
bishop of CiU-dara, died. Domnall son of Cinaedh, King 
of Cinel-Loegaire, died in religion. Maeltuile son of 
Fechtnach, abbot of Glais-noide," died. Maelpatraic son 
of Maelcaurarda, King of the Airghialla, was slain by his 
associates. An eclipse of the sun ; and the stars were 
seen in the heavens. Maelduin son of Oengus, King of 
Coille-Follamhain,'' died. Cormac, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, 
and bishop of Daimliac, rested after prolonged suffering. 
A boy' spoke at Croebh-Laisre," two months after his 
birth, a thing that had not been heard from ancient times. 
Muiredhach son of Bran, King of the Leinstermen, and 
abbot of Cill-dara, ' fell asleep.' A secret murder'" was 
committed in CiU-dara. Mughron son of Cennfaeladh, 
abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brendain, died. 



[884.] 



' Coille-Follamhain. — " Follam- 
han'a (or Fallon's) Wood." A dia- 
trict which included the church (and 
present parish) of Kussagh, in the 
barony of Moygoish, co. Westmeath. 

'Aboy.—^■n mac, "The boy," A. 
B. This progidy is included in the 
list of the "Wonders of Ireland," 
published by Todd, Irish Nennius, 
p. 193, sq. 



" Oi-oebh-Laisre. — The " tree of St. 
Lasair." The name of a monastery 
near Clonmacnoise, in the King's 
county. See Todd's Irish Nennius, 
p. 208, note x. 

'" Secret murder. — 'ounecafee, A 
term used to express an aggravated 
kind of murder, where the body was 
concealed afterwards. See O'Dono- 
van's Four Masters, a.d. 1349, note h. 

2d2 



404 



ocMM alec uf.ccoli. 



lev. lanaip, a-a:!. I. CCnno -Domini T)CCC.° lxxr.° «." 
Gipeiiion mac CCet)0, lee pi Ulac, o Goloiti mac 6|i5ni 
occiffuif efc. Clorobaix mac TTlaelecuile, fecriap 
Foi. 45a6. ciuatia iKiaifiT), 7 Robaficac mac Colcan pifiincepi^ Cille 
comae, "oopmieptinr- piacnae mac CCnpc, iiecc tHa-o, a 
fociip fuii^ uisulacuf ere. Scannal mac Pefijil, pfiin- 
cepf T)omnai5 SecnaiU, a i^iaacifiibuf ywy occifUf efz. 
let. 1anaii;i. CCnno T)omini ■occc" Ixxx." ui.° TDupca'D 
mac TTlaeleTtiiin, fiigTJomna i[n]T) •poclai, -do mafibaT) o 
■plannacan mac posejicaig, ifii pepnmaip. Tijeifinac 
mac 'Colaips. T^iS'Oomna "oeifciific bpej, lU^tilCTCtiip efc 
a fociif Tpuif. eipiy^Dil -do ciaclicam lay^in ailici^^ 
"Docum n-e]fxem), co cam Tjomnaig 7 co ^popceclaiB maiciB 
aili^. ectnxi tainne mac Comgain, epifcopiif, uicam 
l^emlem pnunc. TTlaelmupa pispileT) Gifienn mofrutif 
eyz. 

Ill i:ap,tai5 calam cogu, ni chaifigai Temiau cvi|\u, 
111 caiificell 6|\iii lyitnap, ipep, fo TTlael iTii[n]5la[n] TTltiifiti. 
Hi effiB ha\"C cen ■Dolniai, m poacc gnaf co mapbu, 
llijx laTJati calam cfiebcac pop, pencaiti batnti ampu. 

.5. jet. lanaip. CCnno T)omini "dccc." Ixccx." un." tYlael- 

coba mac Cpunnmail, abbap aip-oT) TTIaca.uicam penilem 
piniuic TTlaelcuile mac Cilen, ppincepp cLuana pepca 
bpenaim), paupauic. TTlaelpacpaicc pcpiba er papienp 



^Eiresmhon This name is written 

" Auromun " in the Booh of Leinster 
list (p. 41, col. 3) of the Kings of 
Ulidia, where Auromun is represented 
as full King of the province during 
3 years. 

' Ergne. — Apparently the lercne 
(or Eircne) whose death is recorded 
above at the j'ear 851. 

' Clothobar. — This name is repre- 
sented by "Clothchu" in the Ann. 
Four M. (A.D. 884), where he is said 
to have been "Prior of Cluain-Iraird," 
instead of vice-abbot. 



■* CiR-Toma. — Kiltoora, in the 
barony of Fore, co. Westmcath. 

^ The Foohla. — A name frequentlj- 
applied in these and other Annals to 
the North of Ireland. 

° Fernmhagh. — ■ A territory now 
represented, in name at least, by the 
barony of Farney, in the county of 
Monaghan. 

' ' Cain-Domnaigh.' — Literally 
" Sunday Law." A code enforcing 
the strict observance of Sunday. 

' Lanii. — The Four Masters (a.d. 
884) saj' that Echaidh was bishop of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



405 



Kal. Jan., m. 21. A.D. 885. Eiremhon' son of 
Aedh, half-King of Ulidia, was slain by Eloir son of 
Ergne.- Clothobar' son of Maeltuile, vice-abbot of 
Cluain-Iraird, and Robhartach son of Colcu, abbot of 
Cill-Toma/ 'fell asleep.' Fiachna son of Anfith, King of 
Ulidia, was slain by his associates. Scannal son of 
Fergal, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill, was killed by his 
brethren, 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 886. Murchadh son of Maelduin, 
royal heir of the Fochla,^ was killed by Flannacan son 
of Fogartach, King of Fernmhagh.^ Tigernach son of 
Tolarg, royal heir of the South of Bregh, was killed by 
his associates. An epistle came with the pilgrim to Ire- 
land, with the ' Oain Domnaigh,'' and other good 
instructions. Echaidh of Lann,^ son of Comgan, a bishop, 
ended a long life. Maelmura," King-poet of Ireland, 
died. 



[885.] 



There trod not'" the choice earth, there flourished not at 

Temair the high, 
The great Erin produced not a man, like the mild-bright 

Maelmura. 
There sipped not death -without sorrow, there went not 

usually to the dead. 
The habitable earth was not closed over, a historian more 

excellent. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 887. Maelcobha" son of Crunnmael, [887.] ms. 
abbot of Ard-Macha, ended a long life. Maeltuile, son of 
Cilen, abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brenaind, rested. Mael- 



"Lann-Eala'' (now Lynally, in the 
barony of Ballycowan, King's county). 

8 Maelmura Otherwise known as 

" Maelmura Othna " (Maelmura of 
Othan, or Fahan, near Lough Swilly, 
in the present barony of Iniahowea 
West, CO. Donegal). See an account 
of Maelmura's compositions in 
O'Reilly's Irish Writers, p. Ivi. See 
Todd's Irish Nennius, p. T22, note q. 



'" Tliere trod not. — The original of 
these lines (not in B) is written in 
the top margin of fol. 45a, in A. 
Some letters have been injured by the 
binder, in the process of trimming the 
edges of the MS. 

^' Madcohha. — See above at the 
year 878, where Maelcobha is stated 
to have been captured by Foreigners. 



406 ccNNttLcc tilcroli. 

opcnnuf, ppincepf T1^eo1C 7 maeia muincefii pacpaicc 
^fii vl-i«^ anT)er, quieuic. "OunchaT) mac 'Ouib'oa- 
baifieann, \iex Caiftl, mofiicun. Carpoimu^ ipoifi pLann 
mac TTloelfecnaill ifie n-^allaib, t)U icoficaiji CCe'D mac 
Concobai|i t^ex Conn ace, 7 Leiasup mac Cixumneni 
epifcopuy^ CiUe "oaifia, 7 "Oonncac mac TTlaele'DUin 
ppincepf CiUe -oelca ec aliapum ctuiT;ar;um. Ceifxball 
mac "Oungaile, pex Oppaigi, pubica mo|ice pepnc, 
Cucenmacaip ppincepp imleco l^aip paufauic. ■Colapg 
mac CeUaig lei^ t'l Deipopc bpeg uicam penilem 
pniuic. 8icppic mac Imaip pex Moii'Dmannopum a 
ppacpe puo pep Tjolum occipup epc. Oenac 'Cailcen 
cen 0151 ceci'Dic. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ■dccc." Ixxx." uin." Slosau 
la "Oomnall mac CCe-oo co pepaiB cuaipcipr Gpenn 7 co 
n^aUaib cu hU Weill in "oeipcipT:. TTlaelmapcain 
Fol. 456a. comopba Cainms mopcuup epc TTloenach ppincepp 
Cille acai'D -Dpummoca mopcuup epc. Oenac caillcen 
cen aisi- 

let. lanaip. CCnno 'oomini "occc" Iccocx." ix.° Coelum 
ap-oepe uipum epc in nocce jCalen-oapum lanuapn. 
TTlaelpacpatcc mac Meill, ppincepp Slane, pelicicep 
■Dopmiuic. Gusan mac CinnpaelaT), ppincepp imleco 
Ibaip, lugulacup epc. ^'^^^can mac TTlaelbpisce, pex 
Conaille TTluipceimne, mopii;up- piann ingen T)un- 
gaile, pigan pij 'Cempa, in pemcencia ■Dopmiuic. CCip- 
me^ac ppincepp Tnaigi bile -Dopmiuii:. 



^ Treoit Now Trevet, in the 

barony of Skreen, co. Meath. 

^ To the south of the mountain. — 
pp.1 plmB a n-T)ep; literally "to- 
wards the mountain from the south." 
The translator in the Clar. 49 version 
renders the expression " by the moun- 
tain southerly," and renders the word 
tnaeyi (or steward) by " Serjeant." 

^ Flaun, — Hann Siima, Kinc; of 
Ireland. 



* Cu-cen-mathair, — This name sig- 
nifies " cauis sine matre." 

^ Tmlech-Ibhair. — Now Emly, the 
site of an ancient bishopric, in the 
barony of Clanwilliam, co. Tipperary. 

" Tailtiu. — Now Teltown, iii the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 
The celebration, or non-celebration, 
of the fairs (or games) of Teltown 
seemed to be regarded as matters of 
great importance, judging from the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



407 



patraic, a most excellent scribe and sage, abbot of Treoit,i 
and steward of Patrick's ' people ' to the south of the 
mountain,'^ rested. Dunchad son of Dubhdabhau-enn, 
King of Cashel, died. A victory gained over Flann,' son 
of Maelsechnaill, by Foreigners, in which fell Aedh, son 
of Concobhar, King of Connaught, and Lergus son of 
Cruinnen, bishop of Cill-dara, and Donnchadh son of 
Maelduin, abbot of Cill-delga and other religious establish- 
ments. Cerbhall son of Dungal, King of Osraighi, died 
suddenly. Cu-cen-mathair,* abbot of Imlech-Ibhair,' 
rested. Tolarg son of Cellach, half-king of the South 
of Bregh, finished an old age. Sicfrith son of Imar, 
King of the Norsemen, was deceitfully slain by his 
brother. It happened that the Fair of Tailtiu' was not 
celebrated, 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 888, A hosting by Domnall, son of Aedh, 
with the men of the North of Ireland, and with Foreigners, 
to the Qi-NeUl of the South. Maelmartain, successor of 
Cainnech, died. Moenach, abbot of Cill-Achaidh-droma- 
fota, died. The Fair of Tailtiu' not celebrated. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 889. The sky seemed to be on fire on 
the nighf of the Kalends of January. Maelpatraic son of 
Niall, abbot of Slane, ' fell asleep ' happily. Eugan son 
Cennfaeladh, abbot of Imlech-Ibhair," was slain. Gible- 
chan son of Maelbrighte, King of Conailli-Muirtheimhne, 
died. Flann daughter of Dungal, Queen of the King of 
Temhair,^ ' feU asleep ' in penitence. Aii-medach, abbot 
of Magh-Bile, ' fell asleep.' 



frequent allusions made to them in 
this and other chronicles. See under the 
next year, and note 8, p. 387 supra. 

' On tli£ night, — i nocce. A. 

' ImUch-Ibhair, — See a note regar- 
ding this place, under the year 887. 

' King of Temkair. — (or Tara) ; 
i.e. King of Ireland, The Four 



Masters (at a.d. 886) explain that 
this King was Maelsechnaill son of 
Maelruanaidh (or Malachy I.), and 
that Flann Sinna, King of Ireland 
for nearly 30 years, and whose obit 
is given at the year 915 (fdias 
916) infra, was the son of Queen 
Flann. 



408 



CCMNalCC tllCCT)tl. 



.b. 



]ct. lanairi- CCnno T)omiTii -dccc" xc.° (al-ittr 3=c-° ■>■")• 
Plann mac TTIaele'DUin, abbaf 1a, in pace quieuic 
Concobafi mac piantiacan, ]iex Oa Pailsi, -do o|icain 
ppi -oaisi-Di cluain ipoca. mtniTCiti pini t)0 fafitisaxi 
ifiiiT) Gclaif, 7 minna pinnia tjo fajau^a-o oco 7 'oo 
lofcaxi. maelmop.Tia mac ^aiyibic o Ceallac mac 
piannacam T)ecoUat;or efc .i. •pea; Coiiaille TTluiri- 
ceimne. Coyimac p|\incepf •pobaip 7 t;anifi abbai-o 
Cluatia mic Noip moiaicuii. Cotimac moc patiamla, 
Pfiiticepf "Difioma in apclainn, T)opmiuiT;. Secnuipac 
epifcopur luipcan nopmiuir;. X^ovuv pfiincepf mainip- 
cfiec buice moviicuifi. Suibne mac mailehtimai, 
ancoixica ec fcpiba opcimup Cluana mace U 'Moip, vo^- 
miuic. banfcal laolai an muiti a n-CClbain, cxc. .u. 
cpaijiTi ma fov, xun. i:ot; a t;|iiUpi, uii. cfiaigi ipoc 
meoip. a laime, «ii. ciaaigi 1:0^ a ffiona- ^^li^itt seif 
uile hi. TYlaelpaBuill mac Cleipis, ^115 CCiTine, mop.- 
coup epc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini t)ccc.° ccc." i." (aliapxc" ii.°)- 
TTlaelbpi^ce, abbap Cluana mic Moip, in pacetiopmiuiu. 
tlencuf masnuf in ^epia 1TlapT;ini, conT)app5ap -piiidp 
map ip naib cailliB, 7 coptic na -Daupuaiji af a lac- 
paipb, 7 nacaigi olcena. TYlaelcopsip, ppincepp locpi, 



' Clnain-foia. — The "long lawn" 
(or " meadow "). This entry is rather 
loosely constructed in the original, 
and the corresponding record in the 
Ann. Four Masters, a.d. 887, is not 
more grammatical. The old translator 
of these Annals in Clar. 49 renders 
the entry " Conor, &c., dyed of amor- 
tall flux [rede " was destroyed with 
fire"] at Clonfad-Mackfini, dishon- 
oured in the church, and the reliques 
of Finian dishonoured and burnt 
with him." The meaning of the 
passage is made clear by a note in 
the Bouh of Leinsler (p. 40, col. 3), 
which represents Conchobar son of 



Flannacan as having been slain in 
Cluain-fota, in the church, when all 
the writings (■pcp.epcu.u) of Finnian 
were burnt with him, and Finniana 
reliquaries profaned about him. 

^ Tanist-abbot. — Tanist is the 
Anglicised form of the Irish canilpi 
(or canailpOi which means "second." 
or next in the order of succession 

^ Druim-Inasclainn. — This form 
has been corrupted to Dromiskin, the 
name of a townland and parish in the 
barony and countj' of Louth. 

^ Mainistir-BuUe. — Monasterboice, 
CO. Louth. 

^ Suibhne. — This was an eminent 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



409 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 890 (alias 891). Flann son of Mael- ^ggo.] 
duin, abbot of la, rested in peace. Conchobar son of 
Flannacan, King of Ui-Failghi, was put to death by fire 
in Cluain-fota.^ The ' family ' of Fini were profaned in 
the church, and the reliquaries of Finnia were profaned 
and burned there. Maelmordha son of Gairbhith, i.e., 
King of Conailli-Muirtheimhne, was beheaded by Cellach 
son of Flannacan. Cormac, abbot of Fobhar, and tanist- 
abbot" of Cluain-mic-Nois, died. Cormac son of Fiana- 
mail, abbot of Druim-Inasclainn/ ' fell asleep.' Sechna- 
sach, bishop of Lusca, ' fell asleep.' Fothuth, abbot of 
Mainistir-Buite,* died. Suibhne' son of Maelumai, 
anchorite, and excellent scribe, of Cluain-mac-U-Nois, 
' fell asleep.' A woman" was cast ashore by the sea, in 
Alba, whose length was 195 feet. The length of her hair 
was ] 7 feet ; the length of a finger of her hand was 7 feet ; 
the length of her nose 7 feet. She was altogether whiter 
than a swan. Maelfabhuill, son of Cleirech, King of 
Aidhne,' died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 891 (alias 892). Maelbrighte, abbot [891.] bis. 
of Cluain-mac-Nois, slept in peace. A great storm on the 
feast of St. Martin, which created great destruction of 
trees in the forests, and carried away the oratories and 
other houses from their sites. Maelcorgis, abbot of 



man, and is believed to be tlie person 
mentioned by Usslier as "doctor 
Scotorum [i.e. of tlie Irish ScotiJ 
peritisaimus," Index ChronoU, ad an. 
891. His name appears printed as 
" Swifneh," in the Anglo- Sax. Chron. 
and in Flor, Wigorn, at 892, and in 
the Annales Cambriae at 889. See 
Lanigan's Eccl. Hist., vol. 3, p. 330. 
There is at Clonmacnoise a tombstone 
inscribed to Siiibhne. See Petrie's 
Round Towers, p. 323 ; and Chron, 
Scotorum, ed. Henneasy,p. 172,note '- 



"A wo»wws.— Meaning, of course, 
a mermaid, batiy-cal signifies a 
"female form." This entry, which 
is part of the text in B., was added in 
A. by the hand which made the entry 
in the latter MS. at the year 752, 
regarding the mil ttiori (or whale ; 
lit. " great animal "). 

'Aidhne. — Or Ui-Fiachrach. A 
territory in the south of the county 
of Galway, which comprised the 
present barony of Kiltartan. 



410 



cCNNalcc ulccoli. 



mofiicufi. 'Cisejxnan mac SeLlacam, ifiex bpeipie, 
mop.icu|i. 
]ct. lanaivt- CCnno "Domini T)CCC.° xc.° ii." (almf xc" 
Foi. 4666. iii-°)- TTlocT^a valza pecgnai, epifcopuf anco)aico ec 
fcpiba opT;imuf aiifiT) TTIaca, in pace quieuic. Cumuipc 
acenjcipf i n-afi-D TTIaca, eciifi cenel n-eosain 7 Ulcu, 
■DU icoiacixa-oap ill. Cac poji "Oubgallu pe SaxanaiB, 
■DU icopcpa-oap fluaig -oiaipmi-De. TnepcbaiT) mop pop 
^alLaib CCco cliac, coiTDecatiap 1 n-eppiuc, in ■oala pam) 
"oiB la mac n-1maip, mv pann n-aile la Sicppic n-1epll. 
Conjalac mac piannacain, pis-oomna m-bpej, in pace 
quieuir. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini •dccc." xc.° 111.° (aliap ccc." 
1111.°) TTlaelo'Dap mac popbupaig, maep muinncepi 
Pacpaicc o pleib pafieap, paupauic. Laccna[n] mac 
TTIaelciapain, peoc 'Cecbai, mopicup. 'Pepjup mac 
TTlaelmi^il, equonimup Cluana mic 'Noip, ■oopmiuic. 
ITlac Imaip icepum -oocum n-Gpen-o. 

let. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini -occc." xc." 1111.° (aliap ccc.° 
u.°) "Oublaccnai mac Tnael^ualai, piex Caipil, mopicup, 
TTlaelpecaip epipcopup, ppmcepp "Cipe va glap, mopi- 
cup. Celiac mac piannacain, pittomna bpej n-uile, 
pogapcac mac TTolaipg •oolope lUgulariup epc. 

Ml pail mac pig pigi cop, 

Po Ceallac n-gopmainec n-glan ; 

■Celiac po cejlac mv pip 

Ml pil po TiiiTi niabca gal. 



' Lothra. — Lorrha, in a parish of 
the same name, in the barony of Lower 
Ormond, co. Tipperary. 

'' MocUa. — Evidentlj' Mochta, 
" lector " of Armagh, who is stated, at 
the year 878 supra, to have been 
taken prisoner, with the Abbot Mael- 
cobha, by Foreigners. Mochta was 
apparently not Bishop of Armagh, as 
his name does not appear in any of 
the ancient lists of the successors (or 



comarbs) of St. Patriclc. See Harris's 
Ware, vol. ', p. 47. 
M«4-cZJa«A.-The old name of Dublin. 
* MoAilodkar. — The Four Masters, 
at the year 889, give the obit of 
Maelodhar son of Forbassach, chief 
judge of Leth-Chuinn (i.e. the 
northern half of Ireland), who must 
have been the person referred to in 
the foregoing entry; but without 
msutioiiiug his office of steward 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



411 



Lothra/ died. Tigernan son of Sellachan, King of Breifne, 
died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 892 (alias 893). Mochta,^ foster son of [892.] 
Fethgna, bishop, anchorite, and eminent scribe of Ard- 
Macha, rested in peace. A. disturbance at Whitsuntide 
in Ard-Macha, between the Cinel-Eogain and Ulidians, 
where many were slain. A battle gained over Black 
Foreigners by Saxons, in which countless numbers were 
slain. Great confusion among the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath,^ so that they became divided — one division of 
them [joining] with the son of Imhar ; the other division 
with Earl Sichfrith. Congalach son of Flannagan, royal- 
heir of Bregh, rested in peace. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 893 (alias 894). Maelodhar* son of [893.] 
Forbusach, steward of Patrick's ' family ' from the moun- 
tain'^ southwards, rested. Lachtnan, son of Maelchiarain, 
King of Tethba, died. Fergus son of Maelmithil, house- 
steward of Clonmacnoise, ' fell asleep." The son of Imar 
[comes] again to Ireland. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 894 (alias 895). Dubhlachtna, son of [894.] 
Maelghuala, King of Cashel, died. Maelpetair, a bishop, 
abbot of Tir-da-ghlas, died. Cellach, son of Flannacan, 
royal-heir of all Bregh, was deceitfully slain by Fogartach 
son of Tolarg. 

"There is no son" of a King that rules over lords, 

Like the mighty pure Ceallach ; 

A household like the man's household 

Is not under heaven of brilliant rays.'' 



(maev.) of the" family " (muinnciTv), 
or "people," of St. Patrick beyond 
"the mountaui" southwards. The 
jurisdiction of this tnaefi (steward, 
or " Serjeant," as it is rendered by the 
old translator of these annals in the 
Clar. 49 MS., Brit. Museum) was 
evidently the same as that of the 
Maelpatraic whose " quievit " is 
noticed above at the year 887. 



^ The mountain. — The name of the 
mountain (or |>tiaB) is unfortunately 
not given. It was probably Sliabh- 
Fuaid (the Fews Mountains, on the 
southern border of the county of 
Armagh). See last note. 

° Son. — The original of these lines, 
which is not given in B., is added iu 
the top margin of foL 455 in A. 



412 



ccNNccla ularoti. 



Fol. iGaa. 



muipe'Dac mac ©ococain, lee ]i\ Uloc, o CCe'O'oeiT) mac 
Laigne occii^up efc. Mix magna 7 afcolc mop. CCpT) 
maca -do opcain jallaib CCco cliac -i. ^LuniapairiT), 
copucfac T)eicenbiifi 7 yecz cez 1 m-bpait;. 

■Cpuag a noeb pacpaic nap an ace c'epnaicchi 
In ^aill cona cuagaib ic bualan vo tieptaiji. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno -Domini t)ccc.° .xc'-u." (aliaf xc." 
ui.°) blamac ppincepf Cluana mic Noip, TTlopan Oa 
bun)eppinceppbipop, ineam penilem piniepunc. Cinae'o 
mac piannacain piT)omna bpej mopieup. Sicpiucc 
mac Imaipab alnp MopT)mannip occipup epc. TTlael- 
mocepgi, mac In-opechcaig, lee pi lllat), a pocnp 
puip occipup eye. Cumupcac mac TTluipeToaig, pex 
pep n-ap-oa Ciannacea, UleaiB occipup epc. CCp 
ti-Gosanachea la Oppaigi- CCp n-^all pa Conailliu 7 
la mac Laigne, in qua ceci-oir; CCmlaim .tl. Imaip. 
TTlaelaci'D, eanapi Cluana mic Noip 7 ppmcepp 
"Daiminpi, vo vul mapepai la "Oelmnai. piannacan 
mac Ceallais, pi bpeag, a Mop-omannip lugulacup epc. 
piann mac ton am .Tl. guaipe 'do gum lap na "Oeipe 
TYluman. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno tjomini T)Ccc.° xc." ui." (aliap xc." 



' Pity, — The original of these lines, 
also not in B. , is written in the lower 
margin of fol. 456 in A., with a sign 
of reference to the proper place in the 
text. 

^ Blamac, — The correct orthography 
of this name is Blathmac, See Aim. 
Four Mast,, at a.d. 891, and Chron. 
Scotorum (at 896). O'Conor, in his 
edition of these Annales, wrongly 
prints the name Blainn, 

^ Ua Buide Printed oa Binds by 

O'Conor. 

•■ Ciuaedk. — MS. B. has Cinae'6o, 
which is the genit. form of the name. 

' Sitriucc. — Mnch confusion has 



been created regarding the genealogy 
of these Norse and Danish families who 
settled in Ireland, by the inaccuracy 
with which the names of the chief 
men are written, not only m the Irish 
Annals, but in other contemporary 
Chronicles. See Todd's War of the 
Gaed!iel, &c., p. 271. 

'^By other, — ab alip, A. 

'' Half -king of JJlidia, — The Four 
Mast. (a.d. 891) say that Mael- 
mocherghi was lord of Leath- 
Cathail (Lecale, in the county of 
Down). His name does not appear 
in the Book of Leinster list (p. 41) of 
the longs of Ulidia. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



413 



Miiiredaeh son of Eoehacan, half-king of the Ulaid, was 
slain by Aided, son of Laigne. Great snow and great 
scarcity. Ard-Macha was plundered by Foreigners from 
Ath-cliath, i.e., by Glun-iarainn, when they carried away 
seven hundred and ten persons into captivity. 

" Pity,' Saint Patrick, that thy prayers did not stay 
The Foreigners with their axes,' when striking thy 
oratory." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 895 (alias 896). Blamac,= abbot of [895.] uif. 
Oluain-mic-Nois, Moran Ua Buide," abbot of Birra, ended 
a long life. Cinaedh,* son of Flannacan, Royal-heir of 
Bregh, died. Sitriucc,^ son of Inihar, was slain by other" 
Norsemen. Maelmocherghi, son of Indrechtach, half- 
king of Ulidia,' was slain by his associates. Cumuscach, 
son of Muiredach, King of Fera-Arda-Cianachta,^ was 
slain by the Ulidians. A slaughter of the Boghanachta 
by the Osraighi. A slaughter of the Foreigners by the 
Conailli, and by the son of Laighne," in which fell 
Amlaim, grandson of Imhar. Maelacbidh, ' tanist ' " of 
Cluain-mic-Nois, and abbot of Daimhinis, underwent 
martyrdom by the Delbhna. Flannacan, son of Cellach, 
Kong of Bregh, was slain by Norsemen. Flann," son 
of Lonan Ua Guaire,^^ was slain by Deisi of Munster. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 896 (alias 897). Cathusach, son of [896.1 



' Fera-Arda-Cianachta. — See note ', 
p. 324 supra. 

^ Son of Laighne. — This was 
Aidith (or Aideid), King of Ulidia, 
whose deatli is recorded at tlie year 
897 infra, but by tlie Four Masters 
at the year 897 (=90X), and in the 
Chron. Scotorum at 898. See the 
entry in the latter Chronicle regarding 
the battle above referred to (at the 
year 896), where -'Aiteid," son of 
Laighne, is named as one of the 
victors. 

" '■Tanist^ — This title is represented 
in the Ann, FowMaat. by i^eacnabb 



.1. pflioitx (" Vice -abbot," i.e. Prior), 
at the year 891, where an explanation 
is given as to the cause of the martj'r- 
dom of Maelachidh. See the record 
of the event in the Chron. Scotorum, 
at A.D. 896. 

" Flann A famous poet. In the 

Chron. Scotorum (at a.d. 896) Flann 
is called piyvgit (" Virgil ") of the 
Gaedhil. See O'Reilly's h^ish Writers, 
pp. 58-60, and O'Curry's Manners 
and Customs, vol. 2, pp. 98-104. 

'^ Ua Guaire, i.e. descendant of 
Guaire (Aidhne), King of Connaught. 
See note 2, p. 118 supra. 



414 aMMcclec tiLccDli. 

uii.°) Cacufac mac pefigufa, canape abb aipu TTlaca, 
fielegiofUf luuenif, paufamc. Cacjioimu'D pia TTlael- 
ptinia mac IPLaTinacain •poia Ulcu 7 T^op. 'oal n-CCtxai'oe, 
vu ir;o|xcfia'Daii 1I1 im 1115 tjoI CCiaai-oe .1. im Tnoipe'Dac 
mac TTlic ©C15, 7 im mac Tnaelmoceip,5i mic liTDfiech- 
T;ai§, I'll leci Cacail, CCi-oTDeic mac Laigni uulneiurcof 
eiiafic. lla^maiian mac Concobaiifi, |iex .1). t^ailgi, a 
fociif ywy pep "oolum occipup ep^;. 

let. lanaip. CCnno 'Domim ■occc." xc." uii.° (aliap occ." 
uiii-°). CCi'oei'D mac Laigni, pex Ulou, a pocnp puip 
pep "Dolum occipup epc. IPpop pola pluxic 1 n-aipt) 
Ciannachca. Coipppi mac Stiibne, aipcinnec Lainne 
leipe, "Dopmnnt;. 

"jet. lanaip. CCnno T)omini •occc." xc" uiii.° (aliap xc.° 
ix.°). TTlepcelL abbap Imteco 1baip, CCpt;a5an abbap 
Copcaigi, bpepal pepleijinT) aipu TTlaca, mopiuncup. 

ICc. lanaip. CCnno -oomini 'occc.°xc.''ix.'' (aliap ■dcccc") 
piuuialip annup. TTIac 6^15 mac Leclabaip, pex -oail 
CCpaiTie, mopicup. CCpcolt; map pop cecpaiB. TTloenac 
mac Coem am, abbap "Ooimliacc, mopiT:.up. 'Ca'ojg mac 
Concobaip. pex ceopa Connacc, excenpo "oolope pau- 
pauic. "Oomnall mac Caupcancin, pi CClban, mopicup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomini tdcccc." (aliap -dcccc." 1.°). 
TYlaelpuanai'D mac piauTo piln TYlaelpecnaill, pij- 



' Mac-Etigk. — The obit of this per- 
son, whose name appears in the list 
of the Kings of Dal-Araide con- 
tained in the Booh of Leinster (p. 41, 
col. 5), is given in these Annals at 
the year 899, where his son Muire- 
dhach (or Muridach, as the name is 
written) is mentioned as his successor. 
Mac-Etigh, Muiredhach's father, may 
have resigned the government before 
his death. But in the Boot: of 
Leinster, (loc. cit.), Mac-Etigh is 
stated to have been slain by Mael- 
fiimia, in the battle of Rath-cro, which 
was the name of the place where the 



battle above mentioned was fought, 
according to the Ann. Four Mast, 
(A.D. 892). 

^ Son — His name is given as " Aiu- 
diarraidh" in the Ann. Four Mast. 
and the Chron. Scotorum, at the 
years 893 and 897 respectively. 

^ Aiddeit or Aideid. — See note *, on 
the " son of Laighne,'' under the 
year 895. 

* Associates. — jpoccip, for pocnp, 
A. 

^ Ard-CianacMa See note ', p. 

324 siijyra. 
"Lann-kire — See notei5,p,205 suin-a. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



415 



Fergus, tanist-abbot of Ard-Macha, a religious young 
man, rested. A battle-rout by Maelfinnia. son of Flan- 
nacan, over the Ulidians and the Dal-Araidhe, where a 
great many were slain, including the King of Dal-Araidhe, 
viz., Muiredhach son of Mac-Etigh,' and including the 
son'' of Maelmocheirghe, son of Indrechtach, King of 
Leth-Cathail. Aiddeit' son of Laighne, escaped wounded. 
Uathmaran son of Conchobar, King of Ui-Failgi, was 
treacherously slain by his associates. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 897 (alias 898). Aideid' son of r897.] 
Laighne, King of Ulidia, was treacherously slain by his 
associates.* A shower of blood was shed in Ard-Cian- 
achta.° Coirpre, son of Suibhne, ' airchinnech ' of Lann- 
leire," ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 898 (alias 899). Mescell, abbot of 1 [898.J 
Imlech-Ibhair;'' Artagan, abbot of Corcach, and Bresal, 
lector of Ard-Macha, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 899 (alias 900). A rainy year. Mac- [899.] 
Etigh,' son of Lethlabhar, King of Dal-Araidhe, died. 
Great scarcity' [of food] for cattle. Maenach, son of 
Caeman, abbot of Daimliacc, died. Tadhg,'" son of 
Conchobar, King of the three divisions of Connaught, 
rested after long suffering. Domnall," son of Custantine, 
King of Alba, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 900 (alias 901). Maelruanaidh, son of [goo.] 
Flann, son of Maelsechnaill, royal-heir of Ireland, was 



' Imlech-lbhair. — See above at the 
year 887 ; p. 406, n. =. 

8 MacEtigh. — See note '- 

" Great scarcity. — The so-called 
translator of these Annals whose 
version is contained in the MS. 
Clarend. 49, Brit. Museum, renders 
this entry by great fleaing of Chattle. 

'» Tadhg. — His name appears also 
in the Ann. Four Mast. (895), and 
the Chrmi. Scotorum (900), as King 
of the three Counaughts (or three 



divisions of Connaught) ; but it is 
not found in the list of the Kings of 
Connaught iq the Book of Leinster 
(p. 41). Hence it may be assumed 
that the "three divisions of Con- 
naught "(ceoifxa Contiacc, or "three 
Connaughts," as it is called in old 
authorities), did not comprise the 
entire province. See O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, pp. 175, 269. 

" Domnall. — Regarding this Dom- 
nall (or Donald, as the Scotch histo- 



416 



aw Mala tila-oli. 



Fol. 45 
(recte 46) 



"Domiia n-eperiT), o Luijnilj occiipuf e]^c .1. o maccaiB 
Ceptiacam pin 'Cai'Scc 7 mac topcain mic CctcaiL, 
tibi mulci nobilef ceciT)e|xunc .1. TTlaelcpon mac 
"DomnaiU, jiex senepif Loeganie, ec ppincepf Roif ec .1. 
"OubcuiliiTD, ev alii miilci. Pfii xiaijifi fio h-oyica iiile. 
t^ipjiair;! mac NuaTjaT;, aiixcinnec CoiTDaiiie ez aliafium 
cuiicar^um .1. Lainne Gla 7 lacpai^ biiitun. Coemclo'D 
1115 1 Caifuil .1. Cojimac mac Cuilennam caiieifi Cinn- 
segain .1. pinnsuine. 

let. laiiaip. OCnno T)omiiii tdcccc." 1." (aliap -dcccc." 11.°). 
Pnnsuine "fiex Caifil a fociif fuif occifup efc peji 
•Dolum. liToajvba n-^ennci a liGfie .1. lonspojic OCua 
cbau, o TTlaelpiTDia mac ■pLan'oacain co pepaib bpeg, 7 
Cejaball mac ITliiifiicain co LaigniB, co ipap,cabpaT; 
■Diiechc maifi "di a longaib, coneplafac leumayiba iap na 
11-50111 7 a m-b|iifiuc. posaificac mac ■piaitro, pfiincepp 
lacpais biaiuiii, mopcuof efc. 

[Ct. lanaip CCnno Tiomini t)cccc.° il" (aliap t)cccc.° 
111.°). Caincompuc epifcopup er; ppnicepi"- l/UgmaiT), 
TYlaelciaiaain abbaf 'Cifie va glaf ec Cluana ei'Dnig, 
Ceallac mac Soepsufa, ancopica ec epipcopiip aipx) 
TTlacae, 111 pace •Dopmiepunc. TTlaelpinnia mac ■plan - 
nacani, pex Opeg, peligiofup laicup, mopcuup epc 



rians prefer to write his name), see 
Skene's Chron. Picts and Scots, Pref . , 
p. cxxxviii., and his Celtic Scotland, 
vol. 1, p. 335, and 338-9. 

' Luighni. — A tribe which gave 
name to a territorj' which is now re- 
presented by the barony of Lnne, in 
the county of Meath. 

2 Son of Lorcan. — The name of 
Lorcan's son is not given in any of 
the authorities consulted by the 
Editor. The blinding of Lorcan, by 
Aedh [Finnliath], King of Tara ^i.e, 



King of Ireland), is mentioned above 
at the year 863. 

^ Nobles. — nobile-jf. Omitted in B. 

* 7?os-ec/j. — . Now Russagh, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Moygoish, and county of "VVestmeath. 
See Todd's M'sA Nennius, p. 201, note 

u. 

* Condaire. — Connor, in the county 
of Antrim, the ancient site of a 
bishopric now united with that of 
Down, both of which form the united 
Diocese of Down and Connor. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



417 



slain by the Luighni,' viz., by the sons of Cernachan son 
of Tadhg, and by the son of Lorcan/ son of Cathal, when 
a great many nobles ° fell, viz., Maelcron son of Domnall, 
King of Cinel-Laeghaire, and the abbot of Ros-ech," i.e., 
Dubhcuilind, and several others. "By fire they were all 
destroyed. Tipraiti son of Nuadu, ' herenagh ' of Con- 
daire,° and of other establishments, viz., of Lann-Ela" and 
Lathrach-Briuin', [died]. A change of kings at Caisel, 
viz., Cormac MacCuilennain in the place of Cenngegain,' 
i.e. Finnguine. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 901 (alias 902). Finnguine, King of 
Caisel, was treacherously slain by his associates. Expul- 
sion of Gentiles from Ireland, i.e. [from] the fortress of 
Ath-cliath, by Maelfindia, son of Flannacan, with the 
men of Bregh, and by Cerbhall, son of Murican, with the 
Leinstermen ; when they left a great number of their 
ships, and escaped half-dead, after having been wounded 
and broken. Fogartach son of Flann, abbot of Lathrach- 
Briuin,' died. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 902 (alias 903). Caincomrac, bishop 
and abbot of Lughmadh f Maelciarain, abbot of Tir-da- 
glas and Cluain-eidnech ;" Ceallach son of Soergus, an 
anchorite, and bishop" of Ard-Macha, ' fell asleep ' in 
peace. Maelfinnia, son of Flannacan, King of Bregh, a 
religious layman, died. 



[901.] 



[902.] 



^Lann-Ela. — LynaUy,in the barony 
of Ballycowan, King's County. 

' Lathracli-Brluin. — Now Laragli- 
biyan, in the barony of North Salt, 
CO. Kildare. 

8 Cenni;egaln. — This was a nick- 
name for Finnguine. See Stokes's 
observations on the subject, in his 
edition of Cormac's Glossary, p. 
145. 

'■> Lii(jhmadh. — Louth, in the parish, 



barony, and county of the same 
name. 

1° Chiain-eidnech. — The " Ivy lawn 
(or meadow)." Now Clouenagh, in 
the barony of Maryborough West, 
Queen's County. 

^^ Bishop. — The name of Ceallach, 
son of Soergus, does nut appear in any 
of the old lists of the abbots or bishops 
of Armagh. See Harris's tra?-e, vol. 1, 
p. 47. 

2B 



418 



ccNNalcc uLccdIi. 



.b. 



Fol. 466a. 



ITIac "Oejibail oc baig a^a bjiestnac, 
bfiife-D cec ■Dp.ong n-'Dolbac ; 
ITlael pal pinnia ipofioll pebixac 
li-Go \\wxi> iao5oiini -laoglac. 

Oatcbiunn ixi -fieim cen gabat), 
CCiiDchli Of ©mna oenuch, 
^e\i a-Dpei-Dim cen boegiil, 
ba p(u ©qainn a oenuia. 

TTlaeLpinnia fefi cen h-ulla, 

Coimt)iu bixeg bfieo "oafi "omna, 

TDelbtiai ]l^ fiojac •jxatsop.m, 

■piaic coixac caclonn Cifiinna. 
Cennecig mac g'^^^"'"' V-^''^ iccicife, CCn'ompi'D mac 
ITlaelmiiiiie xiex "Cupbi, moiTCtn func. Occifio '<3\\eo\z 
o maelmicig mac 'Plannacam 7 Oenjuf nepoce 
TTlaelfecnaill,pe|i consilium piainn -piln TTlael-pecnaiU. 
fct. lanaii'i. CCnno t)omini "dcccc." 111.° (aliaf "dcccc 
1111.°) lofep abbaf Cluana mic Tloif in pace qtiieuiu. 
SaptisaT) Cenannpa la piann mac ITIaelpecnaill, pop 
"Donnchaxi .1. a mac paxiepm, 7 aln mulci -oecollaci 
punc cipca opa^opium. Tlungat epipcopup ppmcepp 
^Lmne -oa loco, mcam penilem in Chpipro pinnnc. 
Imap ua blmaip 730 mapbat) la pipu popcpenn, 7 dp 
map n-imbi. 'piann mac Conaill, abb imleca IBaip. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno ■oomini -dcccc." 1111.° (aliap tdcccc." 
u.°). maelciapain mac poipccipn, eppcop Lainne leipe, 



^Son. — The original of tlicse stan- 
zas, which are not in B., Is added in 
the lower margin of fol. iQa in A., 
with a mark of reference to the place 
where they should be introduced into 
the text. 

^ The word in the original, here left 
untranslated, is n'-Dol/bac. The metre 
0^ the line is faulty, some word 
having been apparently omitted before 
n-nol.bac. 

^ Crinna. — This wa.s the name of a 



place in Meath, where a great battle 
was fought in the third century, in 
which Cormac Mac Airt was victorious. 
See Ann. Four Mast., at a.d. 226. 

•• Ttirhhi — The name of this district 
is now represented by that of Turvej', 
near Donabate, in the north of the 
CO. Dublin. 

' Treoit. — Kow Trevet, in the 
barony of Slireen, co. Meath. 

^ Flann. — Flann Sinna, Kmg of 
Ireland at the time. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



419 



The son of Derbliail, battling over Bregh-magli, 

Would scatter every = band ; — 

Maelfinnia the generous, great and fierce, 
Most illustrious, most valiant hero. 

He was a king -whose career was without danger ; 
Chief over the ' fair ' of Emain : 
A man, I assert, without fear. 
Who was alone worthy of Ireland. 

Maelfinnia, a man without haughtiness, 
Lord of Bregh ; a torch over fortresses ; 
A well-shaped king, select, noble, 
The famed prince of the battalions of Crinna.'' 

Cennetigh, son of Gaithin, King of Laighis, [and] Annia- 
raidh, son of Maelmuire, King of Turbhi,* died. Destruc- 
tion of Treoit' by Maelmithidh, son of Flannacan, and 
by Oengus, the grandson of Maelsechnaill, by the 
advice of Flann," son of Maelsechnaill. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 903 (alias 904). Joseph, abbot of [903.] bis. 
Cluain-mic-Nois, rested in peace. Profanation of Cenan- 
nas' by Flann," son of Maelsechnaill, against Donnchad, 
i.e. his own son ; and a great many people were beheaded 
around the oratory. Dungal, a bishop, abbot of Glenn- 
da-locha, ended an old age in Christ.'^ Imhar," grandson of 
Imhar, was slain by the men of Fortrenn,'" and a great 
slaughter about him. Flann son of Conall, abbot of 
Imlech-Ibhair," [died]. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 904 (alias 905). Maelciarain son of 
Fortchern, bishop of Lann-leire," rested in peace. A 



[004. J 



7 Cenatmas. — This was the old Irish 
name of Kells, co. Meatli. 

* Tn Christ, — The Latin equivalent 
is not in B. 

8 Imhar. — Or Ivar, as the name was 
otherwise written. Kegardiug this 
person, see Todd's War of the Gaedhil, 
&c., pp. 278-9. 



"/'ortmm. — See note", p. 118 
supra. 

" ImUch-lbhair Now Emly, in the 

barony of Clanwilliam, and county of 
Tipperary. 

'- Lajin-kire — See note '5, p. 205 
supra, 

2e2 



420 



CCMMalCC tiLCCDil. 



.b. 



111 pace quieuio. SlogaT) la ■piann mac ITlaelfecnaill 
cu Ofifiaigi. l,act;naii abbaf peiana Tnoyiruuf Bfc 
iTKinaii;^! caca ev{\i va mac (Xexia .1. T)omnall 7 lliall, 
CO ifio caiiimeiy^cex) upia impiDe cemnil n-eogani. 

]ct. lanaiix CCiino "Domini ■dcccc." «.° (aliap xicccc." 
111.°). ■piann mac "Domnaill, laisDomna 111 ouaifciiau, 
mop.ctuif epc. Gicnecan mac "Dalaig, i"iex genepif 
Conaill, moiacuup efD. SlojaT) la piann mac ITlael- 
feclamn co pipu ITltiman, co fi'innpe-o leif ^abifian 
CO ituimnec. Ciapmac pi .ll. pi^enci. InDpeclicach 
abb benncaip mopcuup epc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomini dcccc" in.° (aliap "dcccc" 
iin.°). Colman pcpiba, epipcopiip "Dcimliacc 7iupca, in 
pace cfuieuii;. "Pepjill, epipcopup PnnDubpac abea, 7 
ppmcepf 1nT>eiT)nein, inT;am penilem m Chpipco pinuiiu. 
CCnnuf mopcalicacip. T)ubfinna mac Gilge, pi mtiisi 
hlca, mopT;uup [epc]. 

let. lanaip. CCnno 'oomini dcccc" tin." (aliap T)cccc.° 
uiii.°)- Slojat) la cenel n-Qogain .1. la "Oomnall mac 
CCe-DO 7 la Wiall mac CCeT)0, co polpcac leo "Clacosa. 
TTlaelmaprain ppincepp Ltismaixi paupauit; (1 maig 
CCilbe, hi peil "Oajam [Inbip] -oaile -i. in I'D Seprimbip 
1 niaipc 7 1 upep -Dec). belUim eT:ip pipti TTluman 7 
leiu Cuinn 7 lai^niu, in quo occipiip epc Copmac mac 
Cuileannam pi Caipil, cum cclnp pejibup ppeclapip. 
hi punc, ■pogapuac mac Suibne pi Ciapai'oe, Ceallac mac 



^ Flann — King of Iroloud. 

"Aedh; i.e. Aedli Fianlaith, King 
of Tara (or of IrelanJ), -vvhose obit is 
given above at the j-ear 878. 

^ Gabhran. — Gowran,in the present 
county of Killcennj'. 

"* Luimnecli. — Limericls. 

^ Clarmac. — In tlie Ann, Four 
Mast. (a.d. 901), corresponding to 
foregoing entry, the name is -n'ritten 
Ciarmhacan, who is stated to have 
lieen Lord of Ul-Coaaill-Gabhra, a 



territory now represented by llie 
baronies of Lower and Upper Con- 
nello, in the county of Limericli:. 

" Ui-FiJhffenti. — See note ", p. 150, 
and note ", p. 333, supra. 

'^ Magh-Itha; i.e., the "plain of 
1th.'' Tlie old name " of a district 
now represented by the southern half 
of the barony of Raphoe," in tlie co. 
Donegal. Heeves' CoUoii^s Visitation^ 
p. 69, note a. 

* Domnall-Niall. — The two brothers 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



421 



hosting by Flann^ son of Maelsechnaill, to Osraighe. 
Lachtnan, abbot of Ferna, died. A challenge of battle 
between two sons of Aedh/ viz., Domnall and Niall; 
but it was prevented through the intercession of the 
Cinel-Eoghain. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 90.5 (alias 906). Flann son of Domnall, PO^.] 
royal-heir of the North, died. Eicnechan son of Dalach, 
King of the Cinel-Oonaill, died. A hosting by Flann,^ 
son of Maelsechlainn, to the men of Munster, when [the 
country] from Gabhran' to Luimnech* was devastated 
by him. Ciarmac,^ King of the Ui-Fidhgenti,*^ [died]. 
Indrechtach, abbot of Bennchair, died. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 906 (alias 907). Colman, a scribe, [906.] 
bishop of Doimliacc and Lusca, rested in peace. I'ergil, 
bishop of Finnabhair-abha, and abbot of Indeidnen, ended 
an old age in Christ. A year of mortality. Dubhsinna 
son of Eilge, King of Magh-Itha,' died. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 907 (alias 908). A hosting by the [907,] «is 
Cinel-Eoghain, i.e., by Domnall' son of Aedh, and by 
NialP son of Aedh, when Tlachtgha' was burned by 
them. Maelmartain, abbot of Lughmadh, rested — (in 
Magh-Ailbhe, on the festival of Dagan of [Inbher]-Daile," 
i.e., the Ides of September, on a Tuesday, the 13 th). A 
battle between the men of Munster and the Leth-Chuinn" 
and Leinstermen, in which Cormac Mac Cuilennain, 
King of Caisel, was slain, together with other famous 
Kings, viz., Fogartach son of Suibne, King of Ciarraidhe ;^^ 



mentioned above at the year 904, as 
about to engage in battle with each 
other. 

' Tlachtgha. — This was the old 
name of the hill now known as the 
" Hill of Ward," near the town of 
Athboy, CO. Meath. 

1" Inhher-Daih. — This is now repre- 
sented by Ennereilly, in a parish of 
the same name, barony of Arklow, and 
county of Wicklow. This clause, which 



is not in B., is added in the margin in 
A. 

^' Leth-Chuinn. — " Conn's Half," 
i.e. the Northern half of Ireland. 

^'^ Ciarraidhe. — In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (903), and the Chron. Scotorum 
(907), Fogartach is described as King 
of " Ciarraidhe-Cuirche," a territory 
now represented by the barony of 
Kerricurrihy, co. Cork. 



422 



aMMala uLcroli. 



Ceyibaill iii Ofpaigi, CCilillmac Gugain ppincepf T^finiin 
Coiicaigi, Colman ppincepf Cinn ecij, 7 ceuepi. piann 
mac maelpeclaniTi pi "Cempccc, Cepball mac TYluipecan 
pi Laigen, Cacal mac Concobaip pi Connacc, uiccopep 
puepiitiT;. Cav belaig TTlusna. T)iapmait; ppincepp 
T)aipe Calgais in pace qineuiu. Copmac ancopica 
ppincepp 'T>poma moip, mopir;up. ITlaelogpai mac 
Congalais, pi Loca gabop, pep 'OoUim occipiip apt; 
Voganoac mac 'Colaipsg. 
Foi. iaii. jet. lanaip. CCnno "Domini "dcccc" uiii.° (aliap "dcccc." 
ix.°). CepbaLl mac TTluipecan, pe.x opcimup tajinen- 
pnim, -Dolope mopT;uup epc. ITIuspon mac Soclacain 
pex nepoctim TTlaine. Oec nepop LecLabaip pex 
■oail CCpaixie, T)epuncuup epi;- Oouina mopt;alicap. 
CCmalsai-D mac Con5alaicpi'DomnaOpe5,7lnT)eip5i mac 
ITlaelueimin pebjiopup laicup, "Decollaci punc Con- 
ailliB TnupT;eimni. Ctimupcac mac CCilello, equonimup 
aip-DX) iniaca, quieuic. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnncoomini "dcccc." ix.° (aliapTJcccc.'x."). 
Ca^poiniT) pe piann mac TTlaelpecnaill cum puip pilnp 
pop pipu bpeipne, ubi ceciDiu pLann mac "Cigepnain, 7 
alii nobilep mulci mceppecci punc, OCe-o mac TTlael- 
pacpaicc, pi .n. "Piacpac, oNialbmac CCexio mceppeccup 
apt:. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "Domini ■dcccc." x." (abiap "occcc" 
xi.°). "Posaptjac mac Cell pex nepocum piliopum Cuaip 
mopit;up. Gicigen mac Pngni, ppincepp "Cpeoic^pemleni 
incam piniuit;. T)i gpem ■do pic immalle in una 'Die 



1 Cenn-Etigh. — Now Kinnitty, iu 
the parish of the same name, barouy 
of Ballybritt, King's County. 

^ Flann. — This entr}^, "U'hicli forms 
part of the text in B. is added in the 
margin in A. 

^ Belagh-Mughna. — The Eoad (or 
Pass) of Mughna. It is well Icnown 
as Ballaghmoono, in the south of the 



county of Kildare. A curious account 
of this battle has been published in 
Fnigm. oj Irish Annals, pp. 201-225. 
See also O'Donovan'sF. J/., at a.d.903, 
under which year the battle is there 
entered ; the correct date being 908. 

' Of the Leinstermeii. — La5inen- 
ciuni, corrected to Uxsmenpium, A, 
Laigf B. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



423 



Ceallach son of Cerbhall, King of the Osraighi; Ailill 
son of Eogan, abbot of Trian-Corcaighe ; Colman, abbot 
of Cenn-Etigh/ and others. Flann- son of Maelsechlainn, 
King of Temhair; Cerbhall son of Muirecan, King of 
Leinster, [and] Cathal son of Conchobar, King of Con- 
naught, were victors. The battle of Belagh-Mughna.' 
Diarmait, abbot of Daire-Calgaigh, rested in peace. 
Cormac, an anchorite, abbot of Druim-mor, died. 
Maeloghra son of Conghalach, King of Loch-gabhor, was 
treacherously slain by Fogartach son of Tolarg. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 908 (alias 909). Cerbhall son of [008.] 
Muirecan, a most excellent King of the Leinstermen,* 
died of anguish. Mughron son of Sochlachan, King 
of Ui-Maine, [died]. Bee, grandson of Lethlabhar, 
King of Dal-Araidhe, died. A mortality of cattle. 
Amalgaidh son of Congalach, royal-heir of Bregh, and 
Indeirghi son of Maelteimin, a religious' layman, were 
beheaded by the Conailli-Muirteimni. Cumuscach son 
of Ailill, house-steward" of Ard-Macha, rested.'' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 909 (alias 910). A battle-rout by [909.] 
Flann' son of Maelsechnaill, with his sons, over the men 
of Breifni, in which Flann" son of Tigernan fell, and a 
great many other eminent persons were slain. Aedh 
son of Maelpatraic, King of Ui-Fiachrach, was slain by 
Niall son of Aedh. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 910 (alias 911). Fogartach son of [910.] 
Cele, King of Ui-mac-Cuais," died. Eithigen son of 
Fingin, abbot of Treoit, ended an aged life. Two suns 
ran together on the same day, viz., the day before the 



B. 



Religious. — ■fielesioy'Uf , A. 

Bouse- steward.— Qqnommv.f (for 

oecotiotnuf), A. B. 

''iJesteA— quieure, A. mori (for 
moT^-icuf , or morictiuf efc), B. 

'i^^anra.— ■pionn, A, Flann was 
King of Ireland at the time. 



'^ Flann. — The Four Mast, (at a.d. 
905), call him Lord of Breifne. 

^^ Ui-mac-Cuais. — Otherwise, and 
correctly, written Ui-mac-Uais. The 
name of this branch of the Airghialla 
is preserved, but in an altered form, 
in that of the barony of Moygoish, 
CO. Westmeath. 



424 



ccMKialcc tiLa"Dli. 



.1. 1 ppiT) nonaf ITIai. "DomnaU mac deva vo gabccil 
bccchla. 
,b, jet. 1 anal p. CCnno -Domini tjcccc." xi.° (aliap dcccc" 

xii.°). piann mac TTleclinse, piaincepf Copcaigi, vo\i- 
miuic. TTlaelbi-iijre mac TinaelT)omnai§, pyiiticepf Lif 
moii^, in Chyiifco quietnc. Ceianacan mac "Ouilsem, 
laig-Domna na n-CCiticep, occifup ef^; in lacu cifiUT)eli o 
Niallmac CCexio. ■muipe-bac mac Co|imaic pp-incepf 
T)iioma inapcLamn, 7 piTJomna ConaiUi .1. 'gaipbi^ mac 
ITlailmopDa, -do opcam ppi "00151x1 1 ppainnT;i5 "Dpoma 

mapclamn : 

Triuipe-Dac, 

Cet) nach cainiT) a coeniu, 
1p 1)0111110 t)0 "Dunebax) ; 
If nell CO mme noemu, 

TDoyi diepbaiT) inc oifi'oni];! 
TTlac Cop,niaic milib maifp ; 
CC[n] iinrin ^ropoll |:oifi,5liT)e, 
Oa camnet ceca clmfi. 

Soclacan mac "Diapmaca, pex nepocum ITlaine, in 
clepicacu pmniir. Cleipcen mac TTltipcba'Da, pi .tl. 
m-bpnnn peola, TT'ltiipe-oac mac TTluspoin -dux clainm 
Cacail, mopiunT:up. "Caigi 1I1 do lopcafi ippaic aipTiT) 
ITlaca pep inciipiam. pUiuialip accfue 7;enebpofup 
annup. Comecep appapuic. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno ■Domini "dcccc." xii.° (aliap tdcccc" 

Foi. iiiaa. xiii.°). Tippain mac ITlaelpin-D ppincepp imleco Ibaip, 

TTlaelmuipe ingen Cmae'ba mic CCilpin, e^rulb pi Saxan 



^ ' In lacu crudeU.\ — This must 
surely be corrupt. In the Ann. Four 
Mast (907), aud the Ckron. Scotorum 
(Oil), the lake in which Ccrnachan 
is stated to have been drowned is 
called Loch-Cirr, to the west of Ar- 
magh. Possibly ' ' crudeli " may be 
by mistake for " crudeliter." 

^ Druim-Inasclainn. — Dromiskin, 



in the barony and county of Louth. 
The second member of the name (fo- 
asdainn) is not in A., and is repre- 
sented in B. byf. 

'%/re.— P1X1 'Daiji, A. 

^ Mniredhach. — The original of 
these stanzas, which is not in B., is 
added in the lower margin of f ol. 466 
in A., with a sign of reference to the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



425 



Nones of May. Domnall, son of Aedh, assumed the pil- 
grim's staff 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 911 (alias 912). Flann son of Mac- [oil.] ms. 
luighe, abbot of Cork, ' fell asleep.' Maelbrigte son of 
Maeldomnaigh, abbot of Lis-mor, rested in Christ. Cer- 
nachan son of Duilgen, royal-heir of the Airthera, was 
put to death ' in laeu crudeli,'^ by Niall, son of Aedh. 
Muiredhach son of Cormac, abbot of Druim-Inasclainn,'^ 
and the royal-heir of the Conailli, i.e. Gairbith son of 
Maelmorda, were killed by fire" in the refectory of Druim- 
Inasclainn. 

Muiredliach,* 

Who laments him not, ye learned ! 

It is a cause for plague. 

It is a cloud to holy heaven. 

Great loss is the illustrious man, 
Son of Oormac, of a thousand graces ; 
The great, illuminating gem, 
Who was the lamp of every choir. 

Sochlachan, son of Diarmait, King of Ui-Maine, died in 
the religious state. CHeirchen, son of Murchad, King of 
Ui-Briuin-Seola,* [and] Muiredach, son of Mughron, 
chieftain of Clann-Cathail, died. Many houses were 
burned in the ' Rath ' of Ard-Macha, through carelessness. 
A rainy and dark year. A comet" appeared. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 912 (alias 913). Tipraite son of Mael- [912.] 
find, abbot of Imlech-Ibhair, Maelmuire daughter of 
Cinaedh' Mac Alpin, Etulb^ King of the North Saxons, 



place where they might he introducecl 
into the text. 

'' Ui-Briuin-Seola. — A powerful 
trihe, descended from Brian, the son 
of Eochaidh Muighmedhoin, Kmg of 
Ireland in the 4th Cent., whose terri- 
tory -was nearly co-extensive with the 
present barony of Clare, co. Galway. 
SeeHardiman's edition of O'Flaherty '3 
lar Connaught p. 3G8. 



^ Comet. — Comeciy^, A. Omitted 
inB. 

' Cinaedk. — Or Kenneth, as the 
name is usually written by Scotch 
historians. 

8 Mulb.—JKthehvakl, King of Nor- 
thumbria, whose death (in battle) is 
recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chron- 
icle at the year 905. See Lappen- 
bcrg's Hist, of England, pp. 85- G. 



426 



ccMNalcc tiLccoli. 



cualfC1|^c, mo)^uincup. Coiigalac mac ^aifibiT), |ii 
ConaiUe, a fuip lugulacuf eyv ifin noma-o mif laP' 
n-o]acain in caiji abac i n-T))aaim inafclairro pop mac 
ITIaelmoyi'Da 7 pop TTluipe'Dac mac Copmaic ppincepf 
T)poma. Cuilennan mac Tnaelbpigce in pine eiup-oem 
anni mopiutip. CacpomiUT) pian-T)onncha'D Oa TTlaeb- 
pecnaiU, 7 pe TTIaelmici'b mac piannacain, pop pogap- 
cac mac 'Colaipj^ pi -oeipcipc bpeg, 7 pop topcan mac 
T)onnchaT)a, 7 pop Lai^niti, co pap^abpac ill icip bap 
7 epjabail. Cacpoine-o pe n-'^encib pop paipinn no- 
coblaij 'DO lILcaib 1 n-aipiup Saxan, 7)0 icopcpa-oap 
lb im Cumupcac mac TTlaelmocop^i mac pij leiui 
Carail- Sloje'D la Miall mac n-CCexio co Connacca, 7 
ca^pomiux) piam pop ocu cuaipcipu Connacu .1. pop Ou 
CCmalngaiT) 7 pop pipti htlmaill, co papjabpacpochanDe 
icip bap 7 epgabail, im TTlaelcltiice mac Concobaip. 
piuuialip crcque T:enebpopup annup. ITlaelbpi^ce mac 
"Copnain "oti cec^ imTTlumain vo ptiapluca'5 ailicip do 
Opecnaib. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 'Domini ■occcc." xiii.° (aliap "dcccc." 
xiiii.°). 1iiT)pex> "DBipcipo bpeg 7 -Deipcipc Ciannacca 
piaiinn mac TTlaelpecnaill. Cealla ill -oo papujaTD 
leip. Tlflaelbpijce macgiblecam, pi Conaille, tdo juin 
hUib Gcoch quapco menpe pejni pui. SlojaT) la 
Miall mac n-CCexio 1 n-T)ail n-CCpaiT>e Uinio menpe, 



' Son His name is given as ",Gair- 

Ijith " in the entry regarding the 
outrage here referred to, under the 
year 911. 

-Grandson. — Donnchad was the 
son of Flann Sinna, King of Ireland 
at this time, "who was the son of 
Maelsechlainn, also King of Ireland 
(Malachy I.) 

^ Saxon-land ; i.e. England. 

^ Including, — .1. in A. and B., ob- 
viously by mistake for im, as in the 
Ann. Four Mast. (908=913). 



^ Leth-CathaiL — ^Kow represented 
by the barony of Lecale, co. Down. 

^ Ui-Amalyaidh. — " Descendants of 
Anialgadh." Apowerful tribe, whose 
name is now represented in that of 
the barony of Tirawley [cip, CCrhat- 
gaiTi], CO. Mayo. 

^ Ifmhall. — A district comprising 
the present baronies of Murrisk and 
Burrishoole, in the county of Mayo. 

' Maelhrigte He was bishop (or 

abbot) of Armagh. His obit is entered 
at the year 926 in/ra, where he is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



427 



died. Congalach son of Gairbhidh, King of the Conailli, 
was slain by his own people, in the ninth month after 
destroying the abbot's house in Druim-Inasclainn, against 
the son^ of Maelmordha, and against Muiredhach son of 
Cormac, abbot of Druim. Cuilennan, son of Maelbrigte, 
died at the end of the same year. A battle was gained 
by Donnchad, grandson" of Maelsechnaill, and Mael- 
mithidh son of Flannacan, over Fogartach son of Tolarg, 
King of the South of Bregh, and over Lorcan son of 
Donnchad, and over the Leinstermen, who lost a great 
number, between those killed, and prisoners. A battle 
was gained by Gentiles over the crews of a new 
fleet of the Ulidians on the coast of Saxon-land," where 
a great many were slain, including^ Cumuscach son of 
Maelmocherghi, son of the King of Leth-Cathail.'' A 
hosting by Niall, son of Aedh, to Connaught ; and he 
gained a battle over the warriors of the North of Con- 
naught, viz., over the Ui-Amalgaidh,^ and the men of 
Umhall,' who lost great numbers between slain and 
prisoners, including Maelcluiche, son of Conchobar. A 
rainy and dark year. Maelbrigte," son of Tornan, went 
into Munster, to ransom a pilgrim of the Britons. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 913 (alias 914). Devastation of the 
South of Bregh, and of the South of Cianachta,'' by Flann 
son of Maelsechnaill. Several churches were violated 
by him. Maelbrigte son of Giblechan, King of Conailli, 
was killed by the Ui-Echach, in the fourth month of 
his reign. Ahosting by Niall/" son of Aedh, into Dal- 



[913.] 



described aa "comarb " (or successor) 
of Patrick and Cohiin Cille. But in 
the list of the comarbs of St. Patrick 
in the BooJe of Leinster (p. 42), 
Maelbrigte is said to have been also 
a successor (comari) of St. Bridget. 
See Harris's Ware, vol. 1, pp. 46-7. 
8 Cianachta; i.e. the Cianachta- 



Bregh, a district comprising the east 
of the present county of Meath. 

" Mall— This was Niall ' Glun- 
dubh' (Niall black-knee), afterwards 
King of Ireland, who was killed in a 
battle with the Danish invaders, 
fought at Kilmashogue, in the co. 
Dublin, in the year 919 (918 of these 



428 



ccNMalo: ulccoti. 



loingfec .h.le^laBaip, I'll -oal CCiaai-De t)i a caipecc oc 
■piiegabul, 7 inaiT)iTi paiii co pajigal!) a biaacaip af a 
l-^'PSS ■■'■ Plcrci^ucte .ll. Leclabaip. CCe'D mac Gococain fii 
111 C01C1TI, 7 Loingfech fi "oal CCfiaixie, -di a caiiiechc oc 
capn ejienTi, 7 maiT)m poiaailj. Cepiaan mac Colman 
rofec cenel TTlaelce, 7 mac CCLUccain mic Laiccecain 
7 alaile, vn pacbail ap a I111155. CCe'D, imop-iio, cum 
paiicif f imif expuja yieueiT.renf 7 acefip-ime 11lI;1^a pugam 
iaefifT;enf, quofoam ex milicibup Weill piiofciiaint;. 
"Dubsallpiliuf eiiif tuilneiaacuf euafir;. bellum nauale 
oc ITlanainti ecip bajaiD mac n-Oici|i 7 Uagnall .11. 
Imaifi, tibi bafie[T)] pene cum omm exeficicu fuo ■oele- 
Truf efc. Nocoblac maia-oi genciB oc Loc 7)acaec. Std 
eciii Wiall mac n-Oetio yxi n-CCilig 7 CCe-o 1^15 in coici'd, 
Foi. iCah. oc "Cealaig occ, 1 ]ct. Nouembiii. SlogaD ittd poclai 
la Niall mac n-CCex)0 bi ITli-be In mif T)ecimbiii. 
Scofiaif oc 5rellai5 eillci ppi Cpofa coil ankqa. tuix) 
flog h-uax) apn 'DUna'D ■ou pa^aixi ayiba 7 conTjai-o. 
"DufnaiajiaiT) OengUf .h. ITlaelpeclainn, cona bpai^pib 
olcena, 7 co ploj pep, TTliTie, co papgabpac coicep ap 
ce'cpacaic leo im Coinnecan mac THuipcepcaic, 7 im 
pepgal mac Oenjuppa, 7 im Uacmapan mac n-CCilib, 7 
im GpuT)an mac ^aippixi roii^ech .n. mOpepail TTlaca, 7 
im TnaelpuanaiT) mac Cumupcaic coipec pil"0ui15cipe, 
7 im TTlaelmbpisci mac n-CCexiacain, 7 im mac n-Gpu- 
main mic CCex)0, 7 im piacpaig mac Cellacam, 71m 



Annals). See Todd'3 War of the 
Gaedhil, &c., In trod. pp. xc, xci. 

' Freydbal. — A river in the county 
Antrim, the name of which is now 
corrupted to the "Eavel Water." 
See Eeeves' Down and Connor^ pp. 
334-5. 

^Province ; i.e. the Province of 
Ulidia, often called the Province in 
these Annals , though it merely re- 



presented the greater portion of the 
present county of Down. 

^Carn-Evenn. — Now Carnearny (ac- 
cording to Dean Keeves), in the parish 
of Connor, and county of Antrim. 
Down and Connor^ p. 341 , note. 

* Manann The Isle of Man. 

* Loch-dacaech. — The old Irish 
name of Waterford Harbour. 

'Province. — In coiciT) (lit. "the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



429 



Araidbe, in the month of June. Loingsech UaLethlabhair, 

King of Dal-Araidhe, met them at Fregabal/ when he 

Avas defeated, and lost his brother out of his army, i.e., 

Flathrua Ua Lethlabhair. Aedh son of Eochacan, King 

of the Province,- and Loingsech, King of Dal-Araidhe, met 

them at Carn-Erenn," but were routed. Cei-ransonof Colman, 

chief of Cinel-Maelche, and the son of Allacan son of Laich- 

techan, and others of their army, were lost. Aedh, however, 

returning from the flight with a very few, and fiercely 

resisting during the flight, slew some of Niall's soldiers. 

Dubhgall, his son, escaped wounded. A naval battle 

at Manann,* between Barid, son of Ottir, and Ragnall 

grandson of Imar, where Barid was killed, together with 

nearly all is host. A large new fleet of Gentiles at Loch- 

dacaech.* Peace [concluded] between Niall son of Aedh, 

King of Ailech, and Aedh, King of the Province," at 

Telach-og,' on the Kalends of November. A hosting of 

the Fochla"* by Niall, son of Aedh, into Midhe, in the 

month of December. He encamped at Grellach-Eillte,^ 

to the'west of Crosa-cail." A large party went from him 

out of the camp to procure corn and fire-wood. Oengus 

Ua Maelsechlainn, with all his brethren and the army of 

the men of Meath, overtook them ; and they lost 45 men, 

including Coinnecan son of Muirchertach, and Ferghal 

son of Oenghns, and Uathmaran son of Ailib, and Erudan 

son of Gairfidh, chieftain of TJi-Bresail-Macha, and Mael- 

ruanaidh son of Cumuscach, chieftain of Sil-Duibhthire, 

and Maelbrighte son of Aedhacan, and the son" of Eru- 

man son of Aedh, and Fiachra son of Cellachan, and 



firth''); by which was meant the 
Province of Ulidia. 

'' Telach-og. — Now Tullyhog, in 
thp barony of Duugannon Upper, co. 
Tyrone. 

"Fochla. — A name for that part of 
the North of Ireland occupied by the 
Northern Ui-NeiU. 



' Grellach Billte. — Girley, in the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Jleath. 

^" Crosa-cail. — Crossakeele, in the 
last named barony and county. 

1^ Son. — His name is gircn as Mael- 
mordha, by the Four Ifastevs, at A.D, 
910. 



430 



ccMMala tilat)!!. 



111061,11111111,6 mac piannaccdn |ii57)omna iia n-CCiia- 

gialla. 

Oiion ■DO ^T^ellaig eitlci 11110111, 
puaiaama|x cuain 11a caib ; 
CCfbep-t; Coiamacan f]\i tliall, 
llac in leca-p, fiafi cictjam fm]x. 

]ct. 1aiiaip. CC11110 "Domini "dcccc." a;iiii.° (aliaf ■occcc." 
0:11.°). Oensuf -h ■ Tllaelfecnaill, |\i5T)omna 'Cemifiac, 
fepi^imo iDUf pebyxuaiiii pepia uejxcia moiacinip efc. 

beannachc poji lanii Ciiiitd itiic OifiriTi, 
■Ro maifib Oenguf i^mn muat) Pail : 
TTlaic iTiT) aiaiaain gaifcit) geiia, 
T)i5ail CCeta allain am. 

■Domnall mac CCexicixi CC1I15, tiepno equmoccio in peni- 
i;eiTCia mopicu|i. Ppi^ui-becht; "PLainn mic TTlaelfec- 
lanin maccail5 .1 . T)onnchaT) 7 concobup, 7 irTDpex) 
IDi'De uax)i15 co toe iai. SlogeT) niTcpocLai la WiaU mac 
n-Oe-ba t^l5 n-CCili5 co i-iojaB nai-om T)OTinchaT)a 7 Con- 
coBuiix pifim peiti a 11-acap, 7 co pajajaB ofa-o icip, ITli'De 
7 biiega. TTlaelciapain mac Gocacain, piiincepip Cluana 
h-auip 7 epipcopup aipT) TTlaca, anno lxx.° aet)acip pue, 
Scannlan aipclimnech t;anilachca 7 Scannlan aipchin- 
nech na Congbala glmne Sinleix)i, in Chpipco mopi- 
unTTup. Uuapcc mac Pna6lbpi5T;e, pi TTlupcpai'De ripe, 



' Grdlach-Eittfe. — Girley, in the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

^ Cormacan. — Better known as 
Cormacan Eiges (or C. the " Poet"). 
His obit is giren by the Four blasters 
at the year 946=948. See O'Dono- 
van's ed. of the Circuit of Ireland hy 
Muirclieartach Mac Neill, printed for 
the Irish ArchoBol. Soc., 1842. The 
original of these lines, -which is not 
in B., is added in the upper margin 
of fol. 4:7a in A., with a sign of re- 
ference to the proper place in the text. 

^ Jiot/al-heir UTOomna, A. 



' Died. — The Four Masters (at a.d. 
911) say that Oengus died of wounds 
received by Iiim in the battle of 
Grallach-Eillte, mentioned under the 
preceding year (913) in tliis Chronicle. 

' FaJ — Fal, and Inis-Fail, were 
bardic names for Ireland. The orig. 
of these lines (not ia B), is added 
in the lower margin of fol. 47a in A, 
with the usual mark of reference to 
the proper place in the text. 

"Acdh Allan The death in battle 

of Aedh Allan, King of Ireland, is 
recorded above at the year 742. The 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



431 



Maelmuire son of Flannacan, royal-heir of the Airg- 
hialla. 

Sorrow to tlie cold Grellacli-Eillte,''^ 

We found hosts by its side. 

Cormacan^ said to Niall, 

" We will not be allowed to go westwards, let us go 
eastwards.'' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 914 (alias 915). Oengus Ua Maelsech- 
naill, royal-heir^ of Temhair, died* on the seventh of the 
Ides of February, the third day of the week. 

A blessing on the hand of Cernd son of Bernd, 
Who slew Oengus Finn, the pride of Fal f 
It was a good deed of his sharp valour, 
To avenge the noble Aedh Allan.^ 

Domnall son of Aedh, King of Ailech, died in penitence, 
at the vernal equinox. A rebellion against Flann son of 
Maelsechlainn by his sons, viz., by Donnchad and Con- 
chobar ; and they devastated Midhe as far as Loch-Ri. 
The army of the North [was led] by Niall son of Aedh, 
King of Ailech, who received the guarantee of Donnchad 
and Conch obar that they would be obedient to their 
father, and left peace between Midhe and Bregh. Mael- 
ciarain son of Eochocan, abbot of Cluain-auis'' and bishop 
of Ard-Macha,* in the 70th year of his age ; Scannlan, 
' herenagh ' of Tamlacht, and Scannlan, ' herenagh ' of 
CongbaiP of Glenn-Suilidhe, died in Christ. Euarcc son 
of Maelbrigte, King of Muscraidhe-thire," was killed 



[914.] 



victor in the battle was Domnall son 
of Murchad, who succeeded Aedh 
Allan in the sovereignty, and who 
was the ancestor of Oengus Ua 
Maelsechlainn. 

' Cluain-auis — Or Cluain-eois, as 
it is otherwise written. Now Clones, 
in the co. Monaghan. 

8 Ard-Macha There is probably 

some error here, as the name of Mael- 



ciarain does not appear in any of the 
ancient lists of bishops, or abbots, of 
Armagh. See the Chron. Scotorum 
(ed. Hennessy), p. 186, note ■*. 

" Conghail. — Now Conwal, in the 
barony of Kilmacrenan, co. Donegal. 

^^ Muscraidhe-thire. — The old name 
of a territory comprising the present 
barony of Lower Ormond, (and part 
of Upper Ormond), co. Tipperary. 



432 



ccNMaLa t:ilcc"o1i. 



"00 5inn cjie meljml- 7 t;a[n]5nacc liUib T)un5alai5. 
■Copmac map meinic tio jenciB -do ciachcain oc Loc 
"Dctcaec beof, 7 irTDpe-o cuac 7 ceall TTlurnan h-ua-oiB. 
.0. let. lanaip. CCnno T)omini ■dcccc'x." u.° (aliafocccc." 

xm.°). Il'lann mac TTlaebrecLamn (mic TTlaelpuanaiTi 
mic 'DonnchaTDa), pi 'Cempac, pegnanf aniiip ccxoc. ev tii., 
ecmenpibupaii. ecDiebup.u.janno aeT;ar;ip fuel.x-''uiii.", 
ociraua "Die jCabemDapum lunn pepia -pepiJima, hopa 
Foi. ici/n. •Diei quGfi pepcima, mopicup. pojapDac mac 'Colaips 
pi DCipcipc bpeg mopictip. CCnnle mac Cauan, pi 
Ikrcne Cliac, vo baf[u5aT)] gallaib Loca xiacaec. 
CCex) mac CCilello abbap cltiana pepca OpeiTDaiTi, 
Cotibjan mac "Dpaijnen copecb .n. Lomain 5<^eba, 
mapcain abbap poipp Commain, mopiunz:up. Miall 
mac CCexia ippige "Cempac, 7 oenac "Cailcen -oo aig 
laip, quoD mulcip cempopibup ppecepmippum eye. 
^aill Loca T)acaec beop "DO innpni€ TTluman 7 Laigen. 
TTIaelbapppiiTD pacap-OT) CUiana mic Moip mopicup. 
CCpT) ITlaca "do lopcaxi -oiait; 1 quint: ICaleiiDap TTlai .1. 
a leir;h -Deipcepoac, copin coi 7 copint: paboll 7 cupin 
ciicin 7 copint) Imp abbai-o h-iiile. Coblaiu mgin T)uib- 
■oiiin, comapba bpigci, quieuic. 

let. lanaip. CCnno T)omini •dcccc.°cc.° ui.° (abap dcccc." 
xiiii.°). SneacT;a 7 h-uacc T)imap, 7 aig anaicenwc, ipin 
bliaDam ye, comcap puippe ppim loca 7 ppim abainn 
epenT), CO po la ap t)! cecpaiB 7 enaiC 7 eicnit). CCipT)i 
Spain-Di olcena. Comecip celiim apxiepe tuptim epc. 
'Dltim ceinex) vo apcptisUD co copainn lap n-Gpinn 



^ Son. — The original of the paren- 
thetic clause, Avliich is added in ah 
man. in A., is written by way of glofs, 
in the orig. hand in B. 

^ Who rcifjned yiegtirmp, in A. 

and B. 

' Of Jmie. — lunia, A. The cri- 
teria above given sliew that the 



correct year was 916, according to 
the common computation. 

■* Uaithnt-CUach. — A territory now 
represented \>y the barony of Owney- 
bf'g, CO. Limerick. 

^ Ul-Lomain-Gaela. — A sept of the 
Ui-Maiue (or Hy-Many) of Con- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 433 

through treachery and malice, by the Ui-Dungalaigh. 
A great and frequent increase of Gentiles coining still to 
Loch-dachaech ; and the territories and churches of 
Munster were plundered by them. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 915 (alias 916). Flann, son of Mael- [915.1 bis. 
sechlainn (son' of Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchad), King 
of Temhair, who reigned'' 36 years, 6 months, and 5 days, 
died in the 68th year of his age, on the 8th of the 
Kalends of June,'' the 7th day of the week, about the 
7th hour of the day. Fogartach son of Tolarg, King of 
the South of Bregh, died. Annie son of Cathan, King 
of Uaithne-Cliach,* was put to death by the Foreigners 
of Loch-dacaech. Aedh son of Ailill, abbot of Cluain- 
lerta-Brendain ; Conligan son of Draignen, chieftain of 
Ui-Lomain-Gaela f [and] Martain abbot of Ros-Coniain, 
died. Niall," son of Aedh, in the kingship of Temhair ; 
and the fair of Tailtiu was celebrated by him, which had 
been omitted for many years. The Foreigners of Loch- 
dacaech still plundering Munster and Leinster. Mael- 
barrfind, a priest of Clonmacnoise, died. Ard-Macha 
was burned by lightning on the 5th of the Kalends of 
May, viz., the southern half, with the ' Toi "' and the 
' Saball,''' and the kitchen, and the abbot's house all. 
Coblaith, daughter of Dubhduin, successor of Brigit, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 916 (alias 917). Great snow and cold, [916.] 
and unprecedented frost, in this year, so that the chief 
lakes and rivers of Ireland were passable, which brought 
great havoc upon cattle, birds, and fishes. Horrid signs 
besides. The heavens seemed to glow with comets. A 
mass of fire was observed, with thunder, passing over 
Ireland from the west, which went over the sea eastwards. 



naught See O'DonOYan's Ann. Four 
Mast., A.D. 949, note k. 

<! Mall ; Niall Glundiibb, or Niall 
"Black- knee." The epithet gluti- 
■ouM is added as a. gloss in B., in a 
very old hand, and the note Miatt 



gltiiToulj i\65tiaiT.e incipic in the 
margin in A., in al. man. 

' Toi — Salall. — Kegarding these 
churches, see Keeves' Ancient ChurcJies 
of Armarjh, pp. 12, 13 ; and Todd's 
St. Patrick, p. 480. 

2F 



434 



ttMNalCC UlCCt)tl. 



Fol. 4GiJ, 



ani'aia CO n-Tjecai-o 'Daji rmiiii faifi. Siquuc .h. Imaija 
cona cobluc -oo jabail oc CinnpuaiT: i n-aiifiiuji Laisen. 
Uagnall .n. himaiia cona cobluc ailiu co 5^llu 
toca -Dacaec. CCfi n^abl oc neimliT) la ■mtimain. 
CCyi n-aile la eoganachc 7 Ciapai'be. SlogoT) .rl. Meill 
in "oeifciiiT; 7 in cuaifciiar; la Miall mac nCCexia yiig 
nGiienT) co i:ipu TTluman, "do cocut) ^\i\ ^ennT:i. Sco- 
fiaif ala lai^ni ficec mif CCugaifc oc 'Copop. gle^pac 
1 TTlais peirriin. T)olloT;ap in ^enci iffin ci^i ifinx* 
lau cer;nai. 'Pufifiuapayica'DaiT, in ^o^'^i^ 6t;iiT, ze\]iT: 
7 mexioin laei, 7 cacaigfe^; co efpapuain, co coja- 
caifi amail cec pep er:upp,u, acht; if lia "ooceia v\ 
gallailS. 'DolloT^ai'i ceopcobpaiT) afin lonspojir; na 
ngennci ppi coip, animtiinT;iiie. Imoppoipec m 
^oix>il pop culii "Docum a n-xiunai'D pepin coip "oe- 
■Dcnaij .1. pe Ragnall pi TDiiBjall, co plo^ "oi gal- 
laib tiime. tuix) Miall mac CCeva co n-uar;ib 1 n-agai-o 
na ^ena co capmapc 751a cpni; an injuin. CCnaip 
Miall lappin picec n-aiT)ce a n-T)UnaT> ppip n[a] 
^enncL CCpbpeu uati ppi taijmu ap a n-gabcip cacc 
■Dicein ppip in longpopc. Roinip ca-c Cmnpuait; popaib 
pe Sicpnic hU Imaip, con'oi'o ann ■oocep CCtisaipe mac 
CCilello pi Laigen, 7 TTlaelmop'oa mac TTluipecain pi 
aipap Lpi, ITlaelmoe^oc mac T)iapmaua pin ec epip- 
copup Laigen, CCtigpan mac Cenneuig pi Laicpe, ec 
cecepi "DUcep crcque nobilep. Sicpiuc .ll . Imaip -do 
T;iiiT)echt; 1 n-CCc cliar. Gi^ne in^en CCe-oa, in tiepa 
poenicencia ec in pepia TTlapcini, "oepuncca epr. 

(i.e. Emly), bar. of Clamvilliam, co. 
Tipperarj'. 

^ Tobar - Ghthrach. — Not noiv 
known by this name. 

'JIfai/h-Femhin — A plain, famous in 
Irish hislory and legend, comprising a 
large districtof country about Clonmel. 

* Tierce. — This was the canonical 
term for the division of time extend- 
ing from the 9th to the 12th hour of 
the day. 



' Cennfuait. — O'Donovau {Four 
Mast., A.D. 915, notes, pp. 589, 590) 
would identify Cennfuait with Con- 
fey, in the barony of Salt, co. Kildare. 
liut the above statement represents 
Cennfuait as on the "border" (i 
n-ailfiuip.) of Leinstcr, whereas 
Confcy is several miles inland. 

'' Neimlid. — The 'Translation' of 
these Annals in Clar. 49 has " Imly " 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 435 

Sitriuc, grandson of Imar, came with his fleet to Cenn- 
fuaiy on the border of Leinster. Kagnall, grandson of 
Imar, went with his other fleet to the Foreigners of Loch- 
Dachaech. A slaughter of the Foreigners at Neimlid^ in 
Munster. Another slaughter by the Eoganacht and 
the Ciarraidhe. A hosting of the Ui-Neill of the South, 
and of the North, by Niall son of Aedh, to the men of 
Munster, to wage war against the Gentiles. He en- 
camped on the 22nd of the month of August at Tobar- 
Glethrach" in Magh-Femhin.'' The Gentiles went into 
the territory on the same day. The Irish attacked them 
between tierce' and mid-day, and they fought till vesper- 
time, so that about" 100 men fell between them, but 
most fell on the part of the Foreigners. Reinforcements 
came from the camp of the Gentiles, to the aid of their 
people. The Irish returned bask to their encampment 
before [the arrival of] the last reinforcement, i.e. before 
Ragnall, King of the Dubh-Gaill [arrived], accompanied 
by an army of Foreigners. Niall, son of Aedh, went 
with a small force against the Gentiles, so that God pre- 
vented their slaughter through him. Niall after this 
stayed twenty nights encamped against the Gentiles. 
He sent word to the Leinstermen to beseige the camp 
from a distance. The battle of Cennfuait' was gained over 
them by Sitriuc grandson of Imar, in which fell Augaire 
son of AiliU, King of Leinster ; and Maelmordha son of 
Muirecan, King of Airther-Liphe ; Maelmoedhoc, son of 
Diarmait, a wise ma,n, and bishop of Leinster ; Augran 
son of Cennetigh, King of Laighis, and other captains 
and nobles. Sitriuc, grandson of Imar, came into Ath- 
cliath. Eithne,' daughter of Aehh, died iu true peni- 
tence, on the feast of St. Martin. 



^ About. — am (for ammt, "like"), 
A. B. The Four Mast. (915) say 
that 1100 men were slain. 

' Cennfuait See note '- A mar- 
ginal note in A. reads va icoiT.cp,a- 



vaxi u. c- uel pauto ptuy, " where 
500 or more fell." 

^ FAthne. — Accordin;:; to the Ann. 
Four Mast. (a.d. 910), she was Queen 
of the men of Bregli. 

2f 2 



436 



CCMNCCLCC uICCdIi. 



|ct. Ictnoip. CCnno -oomini ■dcccc" a:iiii.° (alia);^ 
•occcc." xuiii.°) TTlaelioin pinncepp 7 epifcopuf Roipf 
ciieae, Sicnec ppmcepf diiann aip€ip, "Daniel Cluana 
coifip^e yenca ampa, in ^lace ■Dopmiepunc. ITliiifienn 
ingen Succiiic, abacipa Cille ■Dccpo, quieuic. ^aiU loca 
Tjacaec do Tieiisui Gpenn .1. Hagnall pi ■Dubgall 7 na 
■oa iqala .1. Occiyi 7 ^i-iaggabai, 7 pajai-o "ooib lajfipin co 
pipu CClban. ■piji CCLban -oono ap cc cenn fom co com- 
aipneccap pop bjiu 'oine la Saxanii cuaipcipu. X)05en- 
pac in ^sn^i ce^pai ca^a 'DilS .1. caS la ^ocbpi^ Ua 
nlmaip, car lap na Da mpla, ca5 lap na h-occijepna 
Cau Dano la Tlagnall 1 n-epoloc naDocaDap pip CClban 
Roinip pe pepaib CClban poppna t;pi caca aDconncaDap, 
copolpac dp n-Dimap di na 5^nnr;ib, im Occip 7 ini 
^paggabai. Ragnall Dono do puabaipu mppuiDiu 
illops pep n-CClban co po la ap Dib, aclit; naDpapcbau 
pi na mopmoep DipiiiDib. Nox ppaeliuin Dipimic. 
Gicilpleic, pamopippima pegma Saccontim, mopictip. 
CocaD ir;ip Niall mac CCcdo pi "oempac 7 Sirpuic M. 
nimaip. ITlaeliniciD mac piannacain pi CnojBai do 
Dul CO 5eni;i,ppi copniim cuaipcipcbpeg a muin ^ence, 
quoD eo nihil conctiliu. 

]ct- lanaip. CCnno Domini dcccc." ocu. in." (aliap 



1 Ara-alrther. — The most eastern 
of the Islands of Aran, in the Bay 
of Gahvay. 

^ Fell asleep. — •DO)amniic, A. 

' They went — pagaic "DOlb ['oo'Dib 
incorrectly forxioib], A. B. 

^ Banks of the Tine, i.e. the River 
Tyne. 

'North Saxonland. — Northumbria 
or Northumberland. The meaning of 
the expression la paxanu cuaip-^ 
ciyic, which signifies literally '' apud 
Saxones sinistrales,'' has been mis- 
conceived by some writers on Scotch 
history. There can be no doubt that 



the foregoing statement, co comaiit- 
neccap, pop, bifi,u 'Cine la Saxanu 
cuaipoip-C, means that they (i.e. 
the Diibbgall [or Black Foreigners] 
and the men of Alba, or Scotland) 
met on the banks of the Tyne, in 
Northumbria. Skene, misunderstan- 
ding the expression, states that the 
men of Alba prepared to meet the 
invaders " with the assistance of the 
northern Saxons." ( Chron. Picts and 
Scots, p. 363). Dr. Todd fell into 
the same mistake, (IFaro/ tJie Gaedhil, 
4'c., Introd., p. Ixxxvi). 

' Graggala — Regarding the iden- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



437 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 917 (alias 918). Maeleoin, abbot and 
bishop of Ros-cre ; Eicnech, abbot of Ara-airtber/ [and] 
Daniel of Cluain-coirpthe, an eminent historian, 'fell 
asleep" in peace.' Muirenn, daughter of Suart, abbess 
of Cill-dara, rested. The Foreigners of Loch-Dachaech 
left Ireland, viz., Eagnall King of the DubhgaU, and the 
two Earls, to wit Ottir and Graggaba. And they went* 
afterwards against the men of Alba. The men of Alba, 
however, were prepared for them ; so that they met on 
the banks of the Tine,^ in North Saxonland.^ The 
Gentiles divided themselves into four battalions, viz., a 
battalion with Gothfrith grandson of Imar ; a battalion 
with the two Earls ; a battalion with the young lords. 
There was another battalion under Ragnall, in ambush, 
which the men of Alba did not see. The men of Alba 
gained a victory over the three battalions they saw, and 
made a great slaughter of the Gentiles, including Ottir 
and Graggaba." Ragnall, however, afterwards attacked 
the rear of the army of the men of Alba, and made 
a slaughter of them, but no King or ' Mor-maer '' 
of them perished. Night interrupted the battle. 
Eithilfleith,^ most famous queen of the Saxons," died. 
War between Niall, son of Aedh, King of Temhair, and 
Sitriuc, grandson of Imar. Maelmithidh son of Flanna- 
can. King of Cnoghbba," went to the Gentiles, with a 
view to defending the North of Bregh by the aid of 
the Gentiles; which availed him nothing. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 918 (alias 919). Easter on the 7th 



[917.] 



[918.] 



tity of this person, mentioned in a 
previous entry under this year, see 
Todd's work, just cited, Introd., 
p. Ixxxvi, note '. 

' Mor-maer. — " Great steward." 

« Eithilfleith.—Maie]fled, Queen of 

the Mercians, whose obit is entered 

in the Anglo-Saxon Chron. at the 

year 918, and a second time at 922. 



" Queen of the Saxons ^thelflaed, 

eldest daughter of Alfred the Great, 
and wife of iEthelred, 'ealdorman ' of 
the Mercians. See the previous note. 

^° Cnoghbha. — This name is now re- 
presented by Knowth, the name of a 
townland containing a large mound, 
in the parish of Monknewtown, 
barony of Upper Slane, co, Meath. 



438 aw M alec uLccDti. 

■Dcccc." xix.") Caifc pop pepi: |ct. TTlai, 7 mincaifc ala 
laicui ■DO f amiiccD. CCe-o Oa TTlaelfecnaill "oo ttallax) 
FjI. 47aff. lebiiacai]!, la"OonnchaT)fu TDi-De. bellum fie n^encilj 
occ T)uibbnTi poit ^o^^Ui, vu 1 coficaiii Wiall (.1. 
SliiiTDub) mac CCex)0, xl\ eiieiiti, T:eiicio anno laegni fin, 
xuii. ]ct. Ocr;imbi"iif, 1111. ipeiiia,? ■du icopcaiyi dex) mac 
eococain 1^1 coicifi Concobaip, 7 TTlaelmici'D mac pian- 
nacain fxi bfieg, 7ConcobaiT, .Vl. ITlaelfecnaill ifiiT)omna 
■Cemyiac, 7 ■piaicbeyicac mac "Oomnaill laroomna 
inT> poclai, 7 mac 'Ouibfinai?; .1. Triaebciiaibi, pi na 
iv(£ip5iaUUj ev abi nobilep mulci. 

bponac inT)iu hGifiiu b-uag, 

Cen lauyiig ptiag ifiigi jiaLl; 

[CCp •Deccif mme gan spein, 

Paipsifi muige Meill gan Iball]' 

[Mijfca me'oaii'i maiciup pifi, 
llifca fit na fuba floig ; 
II1 cuniaing oenacb vo am, 
fiofbaiD in bfioenach byiom. 

[■Cfiuag] pin a mag m-Ofiej m-btniie, 
CC cip. n-alamt) n-aDgtn'oe; 
Ro pcapaip ppic pig puipech, 
pocpacaib Pliall mamsuinech. 

[Caici mail lapcaip becba, 

Caici spam] cec aipmgpeca ; 

InxiiT) P1 1 all cpota Cnuca 

Ro malapc a mop cpiuca. 
Cecc mac piai^bepcaig pi Copc-PnoDpuag, 'Cisepnac 
.h. CLeipig, pi -ll. piacpac CCi-bne, mopcui punc 



' Little Easter. — miti6ai]pc. Low- 
Sunday, i.e. the first Sunday after 
Easter Sunday. The true year was 
919, in which Easter Sunday fell on 
the 7th of the Kalends of May. 

^ In which fell, — Titi i cojicaip., B. 
Mutilated in A. 

^ Glundubh. — " Black Knee." The 
epithet is added by way of gloss in B. 



* The nth. — The corresponding 
number is not in A., which has been 
partly injured in this place. 

'Province of Conchobar, (i.e. of 
Conchobar Mac Nessa, King of 
Ulster in the Ist century). A name 
for the Proyince (coiceT) or " fifth ") 
of Ulster. See note ^ p. 386 
supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEK. 



439 



of the Kalends of May, and Little Easter' on the 2nd 
day of Summer. Aedh, grandson of Maelsechnaill, was 
blinded by his brother, Donnchad King of Midhe. A 
battle gained by Gentiles at Dubhlinn, over Gaedhil, in 
which feU- Niall {i.e. Glundubh)-^ son of Aedh, King of 
Ireland, in the 3rd year of his reign, on the l7th^ of the 
Kalends of December, the 4th day of the week ; and in 
which fell Aedh son of Eochacan, King of the Province 
of Conchobar f and Maelmithidh son of Flannacan, King 
of Bregh ; and Conchobar Ua Maelsechnaill, royal heir 
of Temhair ; and Flaithbertach son of Domnall, royal 
heir of the Fochla ; and the son of Dubhsinach, i.e. Mael- 
craibhi, King of the Airghialla, and many other nobles. 

Sorrowful^ to-day is noble Ireland, 

Without a valiant chief of hostage reign ; 

[It is seeing the heavens without a sun, 

To see Magh-Neill without Niall]. 

There is no joy in man's goodness ; 
There is no peace nor gladness among hosts ; 
No fair can be celebrated. 
Since the cause of sorrow died. 

[A pity] this, beloved Magh-Bregh, 
Beautiful, desirable country. 
Thou hast parted with thy lordly king ; 
NiaU. the wounding hero has left thee ! 

[Where is the chief of the western world 1 
Where is the hero] of every clash of arms ? 
Is it the brave Niall of Cnucha 
That has been lost, O great cantred ! 

Cett son of Flaithbertach, King of Corc-Modruagh, [aad] 
TigemachUa Cleirigh, King of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne,died. 



' Sorrowful. — The original of tliese 
stanzas, not in B., is written in the 
top raarg. of fol. ilaa in A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
they might ho inserted in the text. 



Some of the words which had been 
cut off by the binder, have been re- 
stored from the copy in the Ashburn- 
ham MS. of the Ann. Four Mast. 
in the Eoyal Irish Academy. 



440 



CCMMCCLOC llLoCDll. 



jet. Ictnctip. CCnno Domini -occcc." x.° ix.° (aliq^ 
"Dcccc." xx.°). IDaelmuii^e, pjiincepf aipDD Opecmn, 
moiaiouii. CacfioiniUTi \ie n'Donnca'D .il. maelfecnaill 
pofi ^eiTCi, T)i] it;oi\canT, dp n-tmiiap. Pmcqi epifcopup 
ec fcjiiba opcimtif T)oimliac pelicir;eii paufauiu. 
Scaniial Uoiff Cpeae, ec fqiiba Cluaiia mic Woif, 
cfuieuic Sir;iiiuc ua hlmaip, vo "oepbiti CCcct cliac pep 
pooefccrcem -Diuinam. T)omliac Cenannfa vo h\i\y\m 

pencil? 7 pocaiTie tnap^fiai ann. "Domliac Tuileain 
7)0 lofca'D in eox)Gm Tiie- Coiimac mac Cuilennain pi 
iia nT)efi TTluman lusulactip epc 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno T)oniini ticccc." ccx." (aliap ■occcc." 
xx.°i.°). TDoenac mac Siaxioil, comapba Comjaill, cenn 
ecna innpe Bpenn, -Doiimiuic. "Oomnall .11. maelfec- 
lainn pep 'oolum occipup epc a ppacpe puo "Donncha-o, 
cfuo-D apcum epau. Ciapan abbap T)aiminpe paupau. 
TTIaelpeclainn .11. 'piainn pi-oomna 'Ceifipac, Pacpa 
mac Ca-calam pi Coilbe 12oUaniain, Rajnall .1l. 1maip 
pi pmngall 7 "Oubsall, omnep mopctii punc. ^o'^^^T^i^ 
.tl.lniaipi n-dv cliau. Cinaexi mac "Oomnaill, ppm- 
cepp Tiaipe Calcaic 7 "Dpoma t;tiama, 7 cenn ODComaipc 
Conaill in cuaipcipt; obiic. Tnuipiucx; "do ^^^^-C'l^ 
1U0C pebail .1. CCcolb co n-T)ib longaib T:pichar. Cenpij 

1 n-inip eiigam -do "oep^ui co cpon 7 co leip 7301 13 paiicip 
in ea pern an en ui blip pep coppopem. pepsal mac 
"Oomnaill pi iwo [p]oclai 1 n-epcaip-Diu ppiu co pomapTj 
Uici; Itinga T)ib, 7 co pobpip in liingai co puc a ppaiD. 



^ Sccmnal. — In the Ann. FourJ\Jast. 
(atA.D 918), irliere the nameis written 
Scannlan, he is stated to have beea 
abbot of Eos- ere (Roscrea.) 

'The doimUac ; i.e. the "stone 
church." 

' On. — in, omitted in B. 

■■ Cuiknnan. — No Cormao " son of 
Cuilennan " appears in the Geneal. 
of the Desi-Muman (or Desi of Mun- 
stcr). But there is a Cormao " son 



of Mothla," who was obviously the 
■person intended. The obit of this 
Cormao son of Mothla, King of the 
Desi, is given by the Fmir Masters 
at A.D. 917, and by the Cki-on, 
Scotorum at the year 918 (^919.) 
See Harris's Ware, vol. 1, p. 549. 

* Maelsechlainn — Maelsechnaill, B. 

" Coille-Follamhain — See note ', p. 
403 supra. 

' Gothfriih — He probably succeeded 



ANNALS OF ULSTEB. 



441 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 919 alias 920). Maelmuire, abbot of 
Ai-d«Brecain, died. A breach of battle by Uonnchad, 
grandson of Maelsechnaill, over the Gentiles, where 
a great slaughter was made. Finchar, a bishop, and 
excellent scribe of Doimliacc, rested happily. Scannal/ 
of Ros-cre, and scribe of Cluain-mic-Nois, rested. 
Sitriuc, grandson of Imhar, left Ath-cliath, through 
Divine power. The ' doimliac '~ of Cenannas was broken 
by Gentiles, and great numbers were martyred there. 
The ' doimliac '^ of TuUen was burned on' the same day. 
Cormac son of Cuilennan,* King of the Desi-Muman, was 
slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 920 (alias 921). Moenach son of 
Siadhal, successor of Comgall, head of the learning of the 
Tsland of Ireland, 'fell asleep.' Domnall, grandson of 
Maelsechlainn,'' was deceitfully slain by his brother 
Donnchad, which was meet. Ciaran, abbot of Daiminis, 
rested. Maelsechlainn, grandson of Flann, royal-heir of 
Temhair; Fiachra son of Cathalan, King of Coille- 
Follamhain," [and] Ragnall grandson of Imar, King of the 
Finn-Gaill and Dubh-Gaill, — all died, Gothfrith,'' grand- 
son of Imar, in Ath-cliath. Cinaedh son of Domnall, 
abbot of Daire-Calgaigh and Druim-thuama, and head 
of council of the [CinelJ-Conaill of the North, died." A 
fleet of the Foreigners in Loch-Febhail, viz., Acolb 
with thirty-two ships. Cen-rig'' in Inis-Eogain was 
abandoned by them quickly and entirely ; a few remain- 
ing there, through laziness. Fergal son of DomnaU, King 
of the Fochla, in enmity towards them, so that he killed 
the crew of one of the ships, and broke the ship, and took 



[919.J 



[920. J 



his brother (or cousin) Sitriuc, whose 
departure from Ath-cliath (Dublin) 
is recorded under the year 919. 

^ Died- ■u\em ohnv, A. obiic,B. 

8 Cen-rig. — The name of some 
island off the coast of luishowen, in 



■ the CO. Donegal. See above at the 
year 732, for mention of an island 
called Culen-rigi, off the same coast. 
The versions of this entry given in 
the MS. Clar. 49, and in O'Conor's 
ed,, are very inaccurate. 



442 



CCMNttla UlCCDtl. 



Longuf aile i Ciunn tnasaiti a n-aitxep.'cifie Conaill.i. mac 
h-tla-cmapan mic baipic cum -xx. nauibup. InDjie'D aijiD 
i-'ui. 47ai ITlaca hi .ini. to Nouembpif o gal-l-ciiB CCca chai .1. 
gocbitic Oa liTiccip cum fuo exeiicicu .1. h-ipnc farufin 
1"iia ipeil lllaficain, 7 na caiji aejinaigi -do anacal taif 
cona luchc ve ceiliB -oe 7 v\ lobjaaiG, 7 in ceall olceaiia, 
nifi pctucif in ea ceccif exaufcip pep, Kicupiam. 1n- 
'Dfie'D lecan ua^Dib ^op cec leOT .1. flap co h-1nip .11. 
Labpa-oa, paip co banDai, pocuaiu co TTlas nillpen. 
CCcc in pluag pacuaig ■ooppappaixi 'muipcepr;ac mac 
Weill, 7 CCignepu mac TTlupcatio, co pemiD fopaib 7 co 
■papgabpac ile, paucip elappip pubpi-oio publupcpip 
nocT^ip. Gclippip lunae hi .xu. ]ct. lanuapn, .111. pepia, 
ppima hopo noccip. piaicbepcac mac TTluipcepcaic, 
abbap Cluana moep, mopicup. 

CuDU anuut) iirobaip h uaij, 

CuT)U alluti [a] Tjeigloip, ; 

1nT)iT) piacbeificac pinn pial, 

llopcap, icp-i micm Cluana m6ip. 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomini tdcccc" ccx.°i.°(aliap tjcccc." 
ccxii.°). TTlaelpoil mac CCilella, pui 7 eppcop pit CCe'Sa 
8lane, 'Ca'oc mac 'Paelain pi .h. Cennpelaig, Cepnacmac 
■piainn ppincepp tainne lepe 7 moep mumnripi aip'o 
TTlaca belac "ouin co muip, 7 boainn co Coppan, 
cenn comaiple 7 a-ocomaipc pep mbpeg n-uile, omnep 



■^ Cenn-Maghair, — Or Kinnaweer. 
See note ^, p. 154 supra. 

^ Gothfrith. — See note ', page 440. 

^ Church ; i.e. the Church-town, or 
the ecclesiastical buildings generally. 

* Inis-Vi-Ldbrada. — O'Labrada's 
Island. Not identified. 

^ Magh-Nillsen. — Magh-Uillsenn, 
Four Mast. Not identified. 

*^ Cluain-vior. — O'Donovan suggests 
(_F. M., A.D. 919, note n), that this 
place is now represented by the place 
called Clonmore, in the barony of 
Eathvilly, co. Carlow. 

7 Foundation. — aiTDUT). The 



name of the composer of these lines 
is not given. O'Conor'a version of 
them is very incorrect. They are 
not divided metrically in A. 

' Or 922. — The suggestion " uet 
22," is in B., not in A. The correct 
year was, of course, 922. 

' ilaelpoil. — Regarding this emi- 
nent man, and his identity' with the 
Paulinus to whom Probns dedicated 
his life of St. Patrick, as alleged by 
Dr. 0"Conor {Ann. Four Mast., ed 
O'Conor, p. 440, note '), see 
ODonovan's Four AL, a.d. 020, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



44.3 



its spoil. Another fleet in Cenn-Maghair/ on the coast 
of Tir-Conaill, i.e., the son of Uathmaran son of Barith, 
with twenty ships. The plundering of Ard-Macha on the 
4th of the Ides of November, by the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath, viz., by Gothfrith^ grandson of Imar, with his army, 
on the Saturday before the feast of St. Martin. And the 
houses of prayer, with their company of Celi-De and of 
sick, were protected by him, and the church'* besides, 
except a few houses in it which were burnt through 
negligence. An extensive devastation by them on every 
side, i.e., westwards to Inis-Ui-Labradha ;* eastwards to 
the Bann; northwards to Magh-NiUsea.^ But Muir- 
chertach Mac Neill, and Aignert son of Murchad, met 
the army [that went] northwards, who were defeated 
and lost a great many, a tew escaping by the aid of the 
glimmering of night. An eclipse of the moon on the 
15th of the Kalends of January, a Tuesday, in the first 
hour of the night. Flaithbertach son of Muirchertach, 
abbot of Cluain-mor,'' died. 

Where is the foundation^ of a great treasure 1 
Where the report of his good fame ] 
Behold, Flaithbertach the fau-, generous. 
Has separated from the honours of Cluain-mor." 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 921 (or 922).' MaelpoH,' son of Ailill, 
a sage and bishop of the race of Aedh Slane ; Tadg son of 
Faelan, King of Ui-Cennselaigh ; Cernach son of Flann, 
abbot of Lann-leire," and steward of the ' family ' of Ard- 
Macha from Belach-duin" to the sea, and from the Boinnto 
Cossan,^^ chief counsellor and protector of all the men of 



note tt; and Chron. Scotorum, ed. 
Hennessy, p. 193, note ". 

^'' Lann-Uire. — See note i*^, p. 205 
supra. 

" Belach-duin. — This was the old 
name of Disert-Ciarain (or, as it is now- 
called, Castlekieran), in the present 
barcny of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

12 From the Boinn to Cossan ; i.e. 



from some point (not specified) on the 
Eiver Boyne to Cassan-Iine, supposed 
to be the old name of the Glyde 
Eiver, which joins the Eiver Dee, 
not far from a village called Anna- 
gassan, to the S.E. of Castle, 
bellingham, in the county of Louth. 
See Todd's War of the Gaedhit, &c., 
Introd., Ixii., note '. 



[921.] 



444 



CCNMCCla tllCCDll. 



mopiunuu]!. Uuman epfcop Cluana lyiaiiiT), •peji-oalac 
epfcop cluana tnic Moip, loingfeac mac Oenacaiii 
equonimup T)oimliac, C0I5U mac ITlaelpempiJil abbap 
Slane, omnep -Dopmiepiinc. Longup tiiimnis .1. mic 
CCilce pop toe pi, CO po opuacap Cluain mic Woip 7 
h-iiile mnpi iitd loca, co pticpac ppaiT) maip ecip op 7 
apsar; 7 mnbupa ili. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini "dcccc." cca;.° n." (aliap 
■occcc'cra;.'!!!."). TnaelpaDpaic mac IDopaiiTt), ppmcepp 
■Dpoma cliab 7 OCipx) ppaca, mopi::uup epc. Spelan mac 
Congabail, pi ConaiUe, pep -DoUim occipup epc. 1 iTopexi 
pep nCCpca 7 tainne lepe 7 pep Uoipp in eoxiem menpe. 
Intipe-D Cille pleilje ^s'l'^i^ "^^ pnam CCignec, 7 
Foi. 476a. T)ublic;ip pacap-QT) apT) ITlaca vo x)Ul mapcpa leu. 
Cucongalt; pacapc tainne lepe, 7 uecpa Gpenn ecip guu 
7 cpur7 poap, in pace quieuir. ITlaelcluice mac Conco- 
baip, piDomna Connacc, pep Dolum occipup epc. Ligac 
ingen mic TTIaelpeclainn, pigan pig bpeg, mopcua epc. 
Pnn mac ITlaelmopTia, pixiomna Laigen, a ppacpe puo 
occipup epc. ITlaelcallann ppmcepp 731 pipe "Diapmaca 
quieuic 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno 'oomini -occcc" a'cc.° in." (aliap 
■Dcccc." OCX" 1111,°). tongapxii 5«l^«iT5 pop loca Gipne, co 
p' mnpipec innpi inD loca 7 na cuaca imbi pan can. CC 
n-T)ep5e ■o' in-o loc ipinc pampax) ap ciunn. 'Saill 
pop loc Cuan, 7 1TlaelT)Uin mac CCe'oa, preomna in 



^ Fleet o/Luimnech; i.e, the Foreign 
Fleet of Limerick. 

- Son of Ailche. — Mentioned again 
at A.D. 923, and 927, infra. Accor- 
ding to Dr. Todd his real name was 
" Tamar." But lie was also known 
bj' the name of Gormo Gamle, and 
various other epithets. See War of 
the Gaedhil, &c., Introd., cv., note ^ 
and pp. 2GG-7. 

^ConaiUe; i.e. the tribe (or ter- 



ritory) of Conaille-Muirtheinhne, in 
the present county of Louth. 

^Fera-Arda. — OrFera-Arda-Cian- 
achta. See note ', p. 324: supra. 

^ Lann-leire. — See note i^, p. 205. 

« CiU-sleibhe.— Or Cill-sleibhe-Cui- 
linn. Killevy, in the county of Ar- 
magh. 

' Snamh-aignecli. — Carlingford 
Lough. First identified by Dean 
Keeves. See his Down and Connor, 
p. 252. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



445 



Bregh — all died. Ruman, bishop of Cluain-lraird ; 
Ferdalach, bishop of Cluain-mic-Nois ; Loingsech son of 
Oenacan, house-steward of Doimliac ; Colgu son of Mael- 
sempuil, abbot of Slane — all 'fell asleep.' The fleet of 
Luimnech/ i.e. of the son of Ailche/ on Loch-Ri, so that 
they destroyed Cluain-mic-Nois, and all the islands of 
the lake, and carried off a great spoil, between gold and 
silver, and other treasures. 

Kal. Jan, A.D. 922 (alias 92.3). Maelpatraic 'son of [922.] 
Morand, abbot of Druim-cliabh and Ard-sratha, died. 
Spelan son of Congalach, king of Conaille,'' was 
treacherously slain. Plundering of Fera-Arda,* and 
Lann-leire,'' and Fera-Roiss, in the same month. Plun- 
dering of Cill-sleibhe° by Gentiles from Snamh-aignech,' 
and Dubhlitir, priest of Ard-Macha, suffered martyrdom 
by them. Cucongalt, priest of Lann-leire,° the tetra'^ of 
Ireland for voice, and figure, and knowledge, rested in 
peace. Maelcluiche son of Conchobar, royal-heir of 
Connaught, was slain through treachery. Ligach, 
daughter of the son" of Maelsechlainn, the King of 
Bregh's queen, died. Finn son of Maelmordha, royal 
heir of Leinster, was killed by his brother. Maelcallainn, 
abbot ot^Disert-Diarmata," rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 923 (alias 924). A fleet of Foreigners [923.] 
on Loch-Erne ; and they plundered the islands of the lake, 
and the territories round it, to and fro. They departed 
from the lake in the Summer following. Foreigners on 
Loch-Cuan; and Maelduin son of Aedh, royal heir 



* Tetra. — This word, wlilch appears 
to be used here in the sense of " par- 
agon," or " most eminent," is ex- 
plained in the Ann. Four 3f. ,a.d. 921, 
as signifying " chanter, or orator," 
(cancaiTie "o okxctcoit,), a meaning 
which does not seem consistent with 
the context. The Translator in Clar. 
49 makes Cucongalt " chiefe of Ire- 



land in all virtues." But Dr. O'Conor 
understands tetra and cruth as signi- 
fying respectively " Tympanista," 
and " cithara" ! 

' Son. — He was Flann Sinna, King 
of Ireland, whose obit is entered above 
at the year 915. 

^° Disert-Diarmata. — Now known 
as Castledermot, co. Kildare. 



446 



ccNNalcc ulaT)ti. 



Fol. 475i. 



coiciti, "DO ^occtitn leu. No coblac mqa ve gallait) Loca 
Cuan T)0 ba-Sax) oc pe]ficaif Rusfiaige, vn in fioba'ou'D 
noi cec auz eo ampliuf. Slogcro la ^o^bjiic .Tl. 
n-lmaiii o CCc clmc co Luimnec, co papsba-o flog T)imap, 
"Dia 1X111111011 la mac n-CCilce. ITlocca epfcop Oa Neill 
7 facapc aiiiD TTlaca in pace quieuir;. TTluipe'Dac mac 
■Domnall canape abbaT) aip-o TTlaca, 7 apDmaep, Oa 
IJeill in •oeipcii'ic, 7 comapba Oliidi mic bponaig, cenn 
ODComaipc pep mOpej n-tiile ocaib cleipcilj quinco 
'Die jcalenxiapum "Decimbpium uiT;a "Deceppc. TTlael- 
mopx)a mac Consaile ppmcepp 'Daimmnpi quieuir. 

]ct. kmaip. CCnno •oomini ■dcccc." xx." 1111. (aliap 
TDCCcc." 25°). "Oublall mac CCexia, pi Ulau, a ptiip mgu- 
laT;up epc. Lopcan mac 'DunclKroa, pi Opeg, penile 
mopce mopiuup. Ca^al mac Concobaip, pi Connachc, 
in penicencia obnc. 'Domnall mac Cacail do mapbax) 
li a bpacaip .1. la 'Caxic, pep T)olum, 7 aln ppeclapi -oe 
Connaccaib. 

|ct. 1ana1l^ CCnno Domini "dcccc". xx". u." (aliap 
"Dcccc." 26'). Opgain "ouin Sobaipce no 5<^llaib loca 
Cuan, in quo mulT;i hominep occipi punu 7 capri. 
Uoiniux) pe TnuipcepT;ac mac TJeill pop gctllu oc pnam 
CCignec, ubi .cc. "Decollaci punt:. Colman ppmcepp 
Cluana ipaipT) 7 Cluana mic T^oip, 7 pcpiba 7 epipcopup, 
in Cbpipco quieuic. pepgup mac "Ouiligen, pi Luipg, 
■DO mapbaT) pepaib bpeipne. Longup loca Cuan -do 



^Province; i.e. of the Province of 
Ulidia. 

^ Loch-Cnan. — Strangtord Lough, 
CO. Down. 

'■' Ferlas-Rudhrairj'he. — The Four 
Masters (nt <J22), and the Chron. 
Scotorum (023), give the name of the 
place of this catastrophe as " Loch- 
Eudhruidhc," or "Loch-Rudliraighe," 
and the Ann. Clonmamoise (920^ 
92i) as " Logh - Kowrie." Locli- 



Kudhraighe was the old name of the 
inner Bay of Dundrum, co. Down ; and 
Fertas-Kudhraighe was probably the 
name of the passage between the inner 
and outer Bays ; the word Fcrtas 
signifying a ford, crossing, or passage. 

^ Luimnech. — Limerick. 

^Sou of Ailche. — See note reg.ird- 
ing this active depredator, vmder a.d. 
02L 

'' Successor of Buite. ; i.e. abbot of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



447 



of the Province/ fell by them. A great new fleet 
of the Foreigners of Loch-Cuatf was drowned at 
Fertas-Kudhraighe," where 900 persons, or more, 
were drowned. A hosting by Gothfrith grandson of 
Imar, from Ath-cliath to Luimnech,^ when a great multi- 
tude of his people were slain by the son of Ailche." 
Mochta, bishop of the Ui-Neill, and priest of Ard-Macha, 
rested in peace. Muiredhach son of Domnall, tanist- 
abbot of Ard-Macha, and high-steward of the (Ji-Neill 
of the South, and successor of Buite" son of Bronach — 
the head of counsel of all the men of Bregh, lay and 
clerical — died on the 5th of the Kalends of December. 
Maelmordha son of Conghal, abbot of Daiminis, rested. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 924 (alias 925). Dubhgall son of 
Aedh, King of Ulidia, was slain by his own people. 
Lorcan son of Dunchad, King of Bregh, died in a senile 
state. Cathal son of Conchobar, King of Connaught, 
died in penitence. Domnall, son of Cathal, was treacher- 
ously killed by his brother, i.e., Tadhg, and other nobles 
of the Connaughtmen [were also slain]. 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 925 (alias 926). Destruction of 
Dun-Sobhairche' by the Foreigners of Loch-Cuan," in 
which a great many men were killed and captured. A 
victory by Muirchertach Mac Neill over Foreigners at 
Snamh-Aignech," where 200 were beheaded. Colman, 
abbot of Cluain-Iraird and Cluain-mic-Nois, and a scribe 
and bishop, rested in Christ. Fergus son of Duligen, 
King of Lurg," was slain by the men of Breifne. 
The fleet of Loch-Cuan* took up [a position] at 



[Oi)4] 



[925.] 



Mainister- Buite, or Monasterboice, 
CO. Louth. 

' Dun-Sohhairche. — Now known as 
DuDseverick, in the parish of Billy, 
barony of Gary, co. of Antrim ; near 
tlie Giant's Causeway, 

^ Locli-Cuan. — Strangford Lough, 
CO. Down. 



^ Snawh- Aignech. — See p. 444, 
note '. A marg. note, partly mutil- 
ated, states that the victor was Muir- 
chertach of the Leather Cloaks, son 
of Niall Glundubh. 

1° Lur'j. — Now represented by the 
barony of Lurg, co. Fermanagh. 



448 



CCMMCCla tllCCDll. 



gabail oc Linn h-tlcccccill .1. CCLpuann mac 5o€b1^1■c, hi 
pititi nonaf Sepi^embiiif. Rome's fe fnuiiiceiatiac mac 
Neill oc TiaoGUc Cliiana na Ciiuimcep in .ti. pepia 1 
qiiinnr; |ct. Gnaii^, 'oti icopcaiiT. CClp^ann mac ^oubfii^ 
cum magna ycjaage exepcicup ftii. Uo cabafi cacc 
fecbcmtnne poja alle^ oc ac Ciiuicne, co cainic go-cppic 
pii 5«bl av cbiar -01 a cdjaiji. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno Domini -dcccc." xx." ui.° (aliap 
"Dcccc." xx.° uii.°). maelbpijce mac "Copnam, comapba 
paqaaic 7 Coluim ciUe, pelici penecouce cfuieuir. 
8iT:piuc .ll. 1maip, pi 'Otibsall 7 pnnsall, immaT;upa 
aezave mopt;utip epu. tongap tinne -du xiepgiu, 7 ^op^i^ 
■DO 'DGipsiu CCua cbac, ez icepiim go^ppi^ peueppup epc 
anue pinem pex menpium. Copcpax) n-oenaig o mac 
Weill mic CCeT)o im 'Donncha'D -U. maelpechlamn, peT) 
■Dominup pepapaini: eop pine ulla occipione. 'goac mac 
"Ouibpoa, pi Ciannachca ^Imne goimin, occipup epc 
'muipcept;ac mac Neill. ■puacapxra mac Laccnain, pex 
■Cecba, -Dolope a pua pamilia occipup epc. Copmac 
epipcopup ^linne T)a loca, 7 aipchinnech, quieuir;. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomini "dcccc." xx" uii." (aliap 
7)cccc.° xx° uiii.°). baicene comapba OpenainT) bipop 
quieuic. TTlupsel ingin TTlaelpeclainD in peneccure 
obnu. ITIaelpuanaig mac Concobaip occipup epu 
'bonncba'D. "Donnchoxi mac T)omnaiLl mic CCe-oa a 



^ Linn-Vachaill. — Otherwise 'writ- 
ten Lina-DuachaiU. Not identified. 
Todd thonght it was the name of a 
pool at the mouth of the confluence 
of the rivers Dee and Glj-de, near 
CasllebeHiugham, co. Louth. See 
War of the Gaedhil, &c., Introd., 
Ixii. 

' Cohmi-Cille. — In the list of 
' comarbs ' (or successors) of Patrick 
contained in the Booh of Leinster 
(p. 42, col. 4), Maelbrigte, the length 
of whose rule is limited to 33 j'ears, 



is stated to have been also ' comarb ' 
of St. Brigit. Ware alleges that 
Maelbrigte was archbishop of Armagh 
from A.D. 885 to 927. Works, 
Harris's ed., vol. 1, p. 46. 

2 Linn, ; i.e. Linn-Duachaill. See 
among the entries for last year, where 
the arrival of the fleet of Loch-Cuan 
at Linn-UachaiU is noted. 

'' TaiUin. — See note ^, p. 406 supra 

^ The son of A'iall; i.e. Muircher- 

tach, son of Niall Glundubh. See the 

Cirmit of Ireland hy Muirchertach 



ANNALS OF ULSTEK. 



449 



Linn-Uachaill/ viz., Alpthann son of Gothfrith, the day 
before the Nones of September. A victory gained by 
Muirchertach Mac Neill, at the bridge of Cluain-na- 
Cruimther, on Thursday, the 5th of the Kalends of 
January, where Alpthann son of Gothfrith was killed, 
with a gi-eat slaughter of his army. Half of them were 
besieged for a week at Ath-Cruithne, until Gothfrith, 
King of the Foreigners, came from Ath-cHath to their aid, 

Kal. Jan. a.d. 926 (alias 927). Maelbrigte son of [92C.J 
Tornan, ' comarb ' of Patrick and Colum-Cille," rested at 
a happy old age. Sitriuc, grandson of Imar, King of 
Dubh-GaiU and Finn-Gail], died at an unripe age. 
The fleet of Linn' retired, and Gothfrith retired from 
Ath-cliath ; and Gothfrith returned again before the end 
of six months. Interruption of the ' Fair ' [of Tailtiu*] 
by the son of NiaU^ son of Aedh, against Donnchad'' 
grandson of Maelsechlainn, but God separated them 
without any loss of life.'' Goach son of Dubhroa, King 
of Cianachta-Glinne-gaimin,** was slain by Muirchertach 
son of Niall. Focarta son of Lachtnan, King of Tethba, 
was treacherously slain by his people. Cormac, bishop of 
Glenn-da-locha, and ' herenagh,' rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 927 (alias 928). Baithene, comarb of [927.] 
Brenand of Biror, rested. Murgel,^ daughter of Mael- 
sechlainn, died in old age. Maelruanaigh, son of Con- 
chobar, was slain by Donnchad." Donnchad, son of 
DomnaU, son of Aedh, was slain by Norsemen, The 



mac Neill, editecT by O'Donovan for 
the Ir. Archffiol. Soc. ; Dublin, 18-tl. 

^ Donnchad. — He was King of Ire- 
land at the time, and the son of 
Flann Sinna, son of Maelsechlainn. 

'' Without any loss of life. — y-ine 
«tlmy> occipone, A., B. 

8 Cianachia-Glinne-gaimin, — Sec 
sote ', p. 132 supra. 

^Murgil — See above at the year 



882, "where the daughter of Maclsech- 
naill (or Maelsechlainn), called Muir- 
gel in tile Ckron. Scotorum (883), is 
represented as participating in the 
killing of the son of Ausli, a chieflain 
of the Foreigners. But the Murgcl 
whose obit is here given is stated in 
the^inre. Four Mast. (92C) and C'/icon. 
Scot. (927) to have been the daughter 
of Flann, son of Maelseclilaiiui. 

2g 



450 



ccMNalcc ulcroti. 



■Noia-Dmantnf inueiapecutip Gfc TTlac CCilche poifi loc 
n-ecac CO mmriuicc -oi ^allailj, co iao mxiep mnp in 
locct ev coTipinia euif. "OiapmaiT; mac CejibaiU ifii 
Ofpctigi mopcuui' efc. Ceile cornafiba ComsaiU, ec 
apofrolicu]^ 'Docooi'i cooiuf nibepnie -do 'oul 1 n-ailicpi. 

■Cjii noi, noi cei) -do bliannaib, 

Rimtifi po fimglaib jxeilib, 

^ein Cpifc 5111111 cen Den, 

Co bap caiT) Ceili clepig. 

Ciapaii comapba Cainneic quiemc 

let lanaip. CCnno ■Domini -dcccc-" xx." tiiii.° (aliap 
■Dcccc." xx.° ix.°)- 'Cuacal mac Oenacain, pcpiba eu 
Foi. idaa. epipcoptip T)oimbiac 7 lupca, 7 moep mtiinncepi 
Paq-iaicc pleib pax)ep, beu immaoUi\a ecace qiiieuic. 
l^onjap pop loc G-pppen 1 Connacuaib. Ceile comapba 
Comhaill, pcpiba ev ancbopica ev apopcolicup T)Occop 
coT;nip hibepnie, lux." anno eoarip pue, xuiii." -oie jCt. 
Ocuimbpip, in pepijpmacione pelicicep Romae quieuir. 
Slogaxi la TDonncbaT) co tiac •opuim ppi mac 116111. 

CCbbpei) necb ppi "Oonncba'D T)onn, 

Ripin ponnchat) ■jptai'Di clann, 

Cia beic Liac'optiim ap a cbinn, 

(Xoa 5illa tuapDainti ant). 

jet. lanaip. CCnno "Domini 'dcccc." xx." ix." (aliap 
■Dcccc" 30.°). 'go^PP^^ •'^- Iniaip CO n-^allaiB CCca cliac 
TJO cojail 'oepcca ^epna, quov non anv\zum epr; anci- 
qtiip cempopibup. ■pianx) pobaip, epipcopup ec anco- 



^ Son of Ailche. — See the note re- 
garding this person, under a.d. 021 
stipra. 

^ Ceile — Successor of Comgall, or 
abbot of Bangor (co. Down). The 
Four Masters write his name " Cele- 
dabhail" (926), and add that he went 
to Home. 

^ Ceile-Clerigh, — See last note. The 
original of these lines, which is not 



in B., is added in the top margin of 
fol. 49a iu A., willi a mark of re- 
ference to the proper place in the text 
(which is on fol. 486). 

^ Scribe.. — -pcfvipa, A. 

^ To the south of the mountain. — 
This is one of many entries in this 
Chronicle regarding the office of 
steward of Patrick's ' familj';' but the 
limits of his district are nowhere 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



451 



son of Ailche^ upon Loch-Echach, with a fleet of 
Foreigners, when he phmderecl the islands of the lake 
and its borders. Diarmait son of Cerbhall, King of the 
Osraighi, died. Ceile," comarb of Comgall, and Apostolic 
•doctor of all Ireland, went into pilgrimage. 

Thrice nine, nine hundred years, 

Are reckoned by plain rules, 

Since the birth of Christ, a deed of fame. 

To the death of chaste Ceile-Clerigh.^ 
Ciaran, comarb of Cainnech, rested. 

Kal. 3 an. A.D. 928 (alias 929). Tuathal son of Oenacan, [028.] 
a scribe,* and bishop of Doimliacc and Lusca, and steward 
of Patrick's ' family 'to the south of the mountain,' rested, 
alas ! at an immature age. A fleet upon Loch-Orbsen" in 
Connaught. Ceile,'' comarb of Oomgall, a scribe and 
anchorite, and Apostolic doctor of all Ireland, rested 
happily at Rome, on his pilgrimage, on the 18th of the 
Kalends of October, the 59th year of his age. A hosting 
by Donnchad to Liath-druim," against the son of Niall. 

Let some one say to Donnchad the brown, 

To the bulwark of plundering clans, 

That though Liath-druim' is before him. 

There is an angry fellow thfsre. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 929 (alias 930), Gothfrith, grandson [n29.] 
of Imar, with the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, demolished 
Derc-Ferna," a thing that had not been heard of from 
ancient times. Flann of Fobhar. a bishop and anchorite. 



defined except at the year 921 supra. 
See also under the years 813, 887, 
and 893. 

I' Loch-Orbsen.—Loc &in,p-p6n, in 
A. and B. Lough-Corrib. 

7 Ceile. — See note '^ under the last 
year, regarding him. 

3 Liath-druim. — It is impossible to 
say which of the numerous places in 
Ulster called Liath-druim (" Gray- 



ridge," Anglicised Leitrim) is here 
referred to. The original of the 
stanza here printed, which is not in 
B., is added in the lower margin of 
f ol. 49a, in A. 

" f)erc-Ferna. — Supposed to be the 
Cave of Dunmore, not far from the 
city of Kilkenny, but apparently on 
insufficient evidence. 

2g2 



452 



aw N alec uLccDti. 



pica, in feneccuce pelicicep paufac. ^aill pop loc 
Gcac, 7 allonspopc oc Uubu mena. 'g'^ill pop loc 
beacpac i n-Oppaigi. 

let. lanaip. CCnno -DOiTiini "dccco." acocx." (aliccp -dcccc." 
ococx." 1.°). "CippaitJi mac CCnnpene, comapba Ciapain, 
exceiipo "Dolope obnc. CeniipaeLa'D mac Lopcatn, ppin- 
cepp Cluana auip 7 CLocaip mac n-'Daimeni, 7 canipi 
n-apax) aipxi ITlaca, paupauic TTlaeleoin, epipcopup 
ec ancopica CCco cpuim, pelicicep quieuic T)epbpail 
ingeii maelpinnia mic pLannacain, pegina 'Cempac, 
mopcua epc. Cepnacan mac "Cisepnam, pi bpeipne, 
mopcutip epc. 
.b. |ct. lanaip. CCnno ■oomini ■dcccc-" 31.° (aliap ■dcccc." 

32.°). •pepDomnac mac 'Plannacain ppincepp CLuana 
ipaipT), pcpiba opcimup, quieuic 'Copulb lapla "oo 
iiiapbai) la mac Weill- TTIaelsipicc comapba TPeicene 
■pobaip -Dopmiuic Loingpec -11. teulobaip, pi "oal 
CCpai-oe, mopcuup epc CCipmenac ppincepp Cuile 
pacin a ^encilibup mceppeccup epc Cinaex) mac 
Camxielbain, nux genepip toe§aipe, nigulacup epc. 
Longap pop Loc pi. 

let. lanaip. CCnno "OominiDCccc." 32.° (aliap tdcccc." 33.°). 
Iloiniu-D pia pepgal mac "Oomnaill mic CCex)o, 7pia§ic- 
Ful idab. pp^rj,.^ yyicjc h-l1acmupain .1. mac ingine "Domnaill, pop 
TTluipcepcac mac Weill, 7popConain5, immaigh-Uaca, 
icopciaip Tnaelsapb pi "Oeplaip, 7 Conmal pi 'Cuaici 
acai-5, 7 .cc. Cuilen mac Cellaij, pex Oppaigijopcimup 
laicup, mopcuup epc. TPlaiDm pia Conamg mac Weil 



' Loch-Echach. — Lougli-Neagh. 

^ Jiubha-Mena. — This, according to 
Dean Reeves, was tlie ancient name 
of a point on Lough Neagh, in the 
county of Antrim, " where tlie Main 
"Water flows into tliat lal^e, now in- 
cluded in Shane's Castle park." 
Adamnan, p. 430, note n. 

" Lucli-B&thrach No lake answer- 



ing to tills name has been identified 
in Ossory. 

■* Son of Niall. — The famous Muir- 
chertach " of the Leather Cloaks." 
This entry, which is added in the 
margin in A., forms part of the text 
iuB. 

' Cul-rath'm. — Now known as 
Ooleraine, co, of Londonderry. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



453 



rested happily in old age. Foreigners on Loch-Echach/ 
and their encampment at Eubha-Mena.' Foreigners on 
Loch-Bethrach" in Osraighe. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 930 (alias 931). Tipraiti son of 
Annsene, comarb of Ciaran, died after a long illness. 
Cennfaeladh son of Lorcan, abbot of Cluain-auis and 
Clochar-mac-nDaimeni, and tanist-abbot of Ard-Macha, 
rested. Maeleoin, bishop and anchorite of Ath-truim, 
rested happily, Derbfail, daughter of Maelfinnia son of 
Flannacan, queen of Temhair, died. Cernachan son of 
Tigernan, King of Breifne, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 931 (alias 932). Ferdomnach son of 
Flannacan, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, a most excellent scribe, 
rested. Earl Torulb was killed by the son of Niall.* 
Maelgiricc, ' comarb ' of Feichen of Fobhar, ' fell asleep.' 
Loingsech Ua Lethlobair, King of Dal-Araidhe, died. 
Airmedach, abbot of Gul-rathin," was killed by Gentiles." 
Cinaedh son of Caindelbhan, chief of Cinel-Loeghaire, 
was slain. A fleet upon Loch-Ri. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 932 (alias 933). A victory by Fergal,'' 
son of Domnall, son of Aedh, and by Sichfridh son of 
Uathmaran, i.e. the son of Domnall's daughter, over Muir- 
chertach son of Niall, and over Conaing,' in Magh-Uatha," 
where were slain Maelgarbh, King of Derlas," and Conmal, 
King of Tuaith-achaidh, and 200 [others]. Cuilen son of 
Cellach, King of the Osraighi, an eminent layman, died. 
A victory by Conaing^ son of Niall, over the Uhdians at 



[f)30.] 



[93L] 



[932.] 



'By Gentiles. — a ^encilibuy", A., 
a gencibuif, B. 

^ Fergal He was heir to the sov- 
ereignty of Ailech, (or, in other 
words, of Tirconnell), and son of 
Domnall (son of Aedh Finnliath, 
King of Ireland), who previously was 
Prince, or King, of Ailech, and whose 
obit is given above at the year 914. 

* Conaing He was son of Niall 



Glundubh, monarch of Ireland, and 
therefore brother of Muirchertach " of 
the Leather Cloaks." 

° Magh- Uatha O'Donovan sug- 
gests that this was " a plain in the 
east of Meath " {Four Mast., a.d. 
931, note s). But this is doubtful. 

^° Derlas. — In the Egerton copy 
of the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, 
(Brit. Mus.)