(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Annals of Ulster, otherwise, ... Annals of Senat; [micform]"

^^.^^^t 




^m 



^ 



/,. 



M^ 



:? :l 



fl. 



f r-. 






ii ■ ^ 






ife 







aforncU UntucrHita Slihrarg 

Stljara, ^tm Unrk 



BOUGHT WITH THE INCOME OF THE 

FISKE ENDOWMENT FUND 

THE BEQUEST OF 

WILLARD FISKE 

LIBRARIAN OF THE UNIVERSITY 1868-1883 
1905 ' 



The date shows when this volume was taken. 

T« renew this book copy the call No. and give to 
the librarian. 





HOME USE RULES 

All bookB subject to recaU 

All borrowers must regis- 
♦.. ter in the library to borrow 
books for home use. 

All books must be re- 
\^tftrned at end of college 
year for insx)ection and 
repairs. 

Limited books must be 
returned within the four 
week limit and not renewed. 

Students must return all 
books before leaving town. 
Officers should arrange for 
the return of bool^ wanted 
during their absence from 
town. 

Volumes of periodicals 
and of pamphlets are held 
in the library as much as 
possible. For special pur- 
poses they are giv^n out for 
a limited time. 

Borrowers should not use 
their library privileges for 
the benefit of other persons. 

Books of special /value 
and gift books, when the 
giver wishes it, are not 
allowed to circulate. 

Readers are asked to re- 
port all cases of books 
marked or mutilated. 



Bo not de£ace books by marks and wiitinf. 



CORNELL UNIVERSITY UBRARY 




786 545 



ccMwalcc nloobh. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 

OTHERWISE, 

ANNALS OF SENAT; 
A CHRONICLE OF IRISH AFFAIRS 

A.D. 431-1131 : 1155-1541. 



YOL. XL 
A.D. 1057-1131: 1155-1378. 

EDITED, WITH TRANSLATION AND NOTES, 

B. MAC .CAKTHY, D.D., M.E.I. A. 



PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOEITY OF THE LOEDS OOMMISSIONEES OF HEE MAJESTY'S 

TEEASTJEY, TJMDEE THE DIRECTION OF THE COUNCIL OF THE 

EOYAL lEISH ACADEMY. 



DUBLIN: 

PRINTED FOE HER MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE, 
BY ALEX. THOM & CO. (Limited), S7, S8 & 89, ABBET-STKEET. 

THE dUEEN's FEINTING OFFICE. 



And to be purchased, either directly or throug-h any Bookseller, from 

HODGES, FIGGIS & Co., 104, Geafton Steeet, Dublin; or 

EYEE & SPOTTISWOODE, East Haeding Steeet, Fleet Steeet, E.G. ; or 

ADAM AND CHARLES BLACK, 6, Noeth Beidge, Edinbueoh. 



1893. 

Price 10s. 
To. 



2-- r 5"-f-" 

3 7^-/j.- 



CONTENTS. 






CHRONICLE :— 

A.D. 1057-H31, ... ... ... . _ ... 37i2"7 

„ 1155-1378, 126-565 



COEKIGENDA AN]) ADDENDA. 



p. 27, note 2, 1. 4, for period read or period. 

„ 2><, 1. 14, ,, Cenann ya. read Cenatin-pa. 

,, 32, n. 3, 1. 1, „ C'hiarains „ Chinrain. 

„ 37, I. 10, ,, out of „ fur. ' 

,, 40, „ „ pmcn aUa- „ Piactia Ua. 

„ 90, 1. 26 „ -DC . „ 7)6. 

,, 102, „ 27, „ ococx. . „ XX. 

,, 108, D, 1, ], 6, „ iiiL moffha „ uiit. mogha, 

„ 116, 1. 17, „ cccuicim „ a cuicim. 

„ 11. 2, 11. 3-6, the error is corrected in Vol, II. of the A.L.C. 
„ 127, I. 4, dele'-'. 

„ 128, „ 10, for -pcSiTnleT) read fcetmleb- 
,, 129, ,, 32, ,, nnaehli „ lainn the. 
,, 132, „ 1, „ t'onBoi'OUf, „ laansaTJUifi. 
,, 133, „ „ reach „ reached. 

,, 138, 1. 23, „ bfes „ h^ep 

,, HO, „ 17, „ '6ait5 Im-oaib ««<;( 'oail)"' im-Daibii. 
„ 158, „ 27, „ of a „ of 1. 

,, 170, „ 23, „ "DomtiaU ., Tlomnall''. 
,, 172, „ 2, „ TOon „ TOon''. 

,, 175, „ 7, „ rested „ rested [peacefuljly. 

,, 230, „ 25, „ cdinic^ „ cdiniA 

,, 232J „ 6, „ qxeichi fm „ qaeic hi-pin. 
„ 234, „ 20, „ "Chum-pceixc „ Oitiai-pceiic. 
,, 243, „ 1, „ encolsure „ enclosure. 
,, 259, col. 2, 1. 11, dele seems to have. 
,, 265,11. 7, 8, for Muircertagh 7-ead Muircertach. 
,, 273, 1. 10, after in insert the land of. 

„ 279, „ 15, for foreign countries read neighbouring territories, 
,, 290, „ IB, de/e B 61a. 

298, „ 12, for Lociainn redU Laclainn. 

„ 305, „ 12, 1 ^^^ raised read elected. 

„ n. 4, hi,;-' 

306, 1. 18, for hUa^ read htfa'. 
„ 308, „ 3, add ' to Huaisyii. 

312, „ 20, for "Oonca-D read "Donnca-D. 
,, 322, col. 2, 1. 6, dele the ref. no. 
,, 332,1. 7, for Ciaya^'oe read C^aximve. 

„ „ 25, prefix "-" to In. 

" o?' " naff"'' driving read pursuing. 
,, 387, „ .ia,) 

377, „ 26, „ the direction read an attack. 

„ „ „ assumed „ undertaken. 

„ 380, 1. 12, „ bee „ bet i. 

,, 383, ,, 5, dele a. 

I, 11 Si /<"" foray read forays. 



CORHIGENDA AND ADDENDA. 

P. 387, 1. 23, for foross read moveables. 

„ 388, „ 3, „ laf „ Ifa. 

,, 392, „ 20, „ muinncep, rea(? Tnuin[n]ce|x. 

„ 414, „ 19, „ Clion-D^ „ CloiiTD — . 

,, 418, „ 17, „ tabaifi. ca|i „ cabaijvc ap.. 

,, 428,,, 10,,, aili „ ailiB. 

,, 432, „ 3, „ Ccccabtn „ Ccrcol im. 

,, 443, ,, 25, „ Gaidhel „ Foreigner. 

,, 445, n. 6, 1. 2, for timpanist read timpanists. 

„ 463, ,, 3, insert by — Mandeville after de Burgh. 

,, 456, L 18,/or Cancobtiyi ™n(? Concobuyi. 

„ 458, „ 24, ,, Uiroyi ,, - Ui-oiia. 

,, 461, „ 12, „ Foreig-ner ,, Gaidhel. 

,, 466, „ 25, ,, lJiT)iix ,, Ui-Difi,. 

„ 479, „ 11, „ pledge of ,, prize over ((ji;. of). 

„ 480, „ 18, „ Octic „ Ocuj-. 

,, 483, „ 3, ,, passed ,, reached [his end], 

„ 485, „ 16, „ dispersing ,, despoiling. 

Add Note : Lit. relative to moveables ; i.e. a defeat in whioli what 
the vanquished were driving oflf fell to the viotoM. 
„ 486, 1. 9, for , mac read TTlac. 

,, „ 22, „ TTltiinnciia !•««<? Tinuin[n]ciia. 
„ 487, „ 8, dele , sou of. 
,, 507, „ 14, for apple read wild apple. 
„ 508, „ 22, ,, bp,iain, mic, read b|iiaiTi TTlic. 

,, „ 36, dele i om., B. 
„ 509, „ 25, for son — Tawny read Mac-Ui Neill-buidhe. 
,, 516, „ 13, dele ref. no. 2. 
„ 518. u. 4, 1. 2, for from read form. 
„ 522, 1. 14, ,, ■00 „ "DOi. 

„ „25, „ P-P „ P. 

,, „ 27, ,, — ©afxaic read — eafiaic. 

„ 525, „ 28, ,, him „ them. 

„ 526, „ 10, ,, Clainn — ,, Ctanti — . 

„ 527, „ 1, after slain iniert and [other] persons were slain. 
,, 529, „ 15, /or with read by. 

,, „ 21, ,, movement read jeopardy. 
,, 546,,, 3, ,, maiab ,, ma|ib -do. 

„ 548, „ „ "Datacuin „ "Dalacuti. 
„ 552, „ 10, ,, -DO otnati ,, o ■ooman. 
„ 554, „ 12, ,, baile-ccta-na-iai5 read baile CCca-tia-iiij. 
„ 655, „ 16, ,, prowess ,, championship. 

,, „ 17, ,, benevolence ,, prowess. 

,,561, „16, ,, Eerghal „ Ferghal. 

,, 562, „ 30, ,, — uite ,, — Matiite. 

„ 564, „ 6, ,, mo'(ivmf ,, tno]fictia. 



awKialcc Vilcchk 

ANNALS OF TLSTER; 

OTHERWISE, 

ccNNalcc se^iair, 

ANNALS OF SENAT. 



aMNalcc uiocbh. 




(A 4W; B 41c) 

'al, Ian. iiii. p-, I- xxi., CCnno "Domini HI." l." 
^uii." Niall hUa heicneca[i]n, fii Ceniuil- 
B4ld i en-oai, a fuif occpifUf eye. — "Dungal hUa 

T)onnca'Da, fii Go^anacca Caipl, -do cuitjuti la 
ITlutica-D, mac m-bpiain, cum mulcif. — pnngume hUa 
Pnnsume, fii-oomna TTluman, -do i;tiicim la TTlael- 
Seclainn htla" m-biaic — ecmapcac, mac Cermaig, 
aijicmnec "Ouin-le^-glaive, ■do t)uI -oia ailicfii. — maiTjm 
Ilia Ruai'oiai htla ■Rua'Daca[i]n co n-(Xiia|ireyiai15, fOF 
5illa-Cfxifc TiUa "Paelcon 7 •poyi UilS-eacac. — TYlael- 
|iuanaiT> hUa ■p6ca|ica, x^\ T)eiipce[i]p,T: Sile, tio truicim 
la "DonncaD, mac bpiam. — 'muip,cei;iT;ac hUa'' 'Cpefaic, 
|ii hUa-m-baifice, moi[ii;otiv^ efc— "Dubxtalece hUa 
Cinaexia, airicmnec Coiacaige 7 Tlobafimc, mac ^e]i- 
•Domnaig, comaifilDa Coluim-cille, in 'Domino -oopmi- 
eyiunc— "Oomnall hUa Ruaific vo majaba'D la T)omnall, 
mac TTlaelriuanais, |ii peri-TTlanac. 

* I denotes commencement of MS. column. 
[Contractions: t. m., top margin; f. m., foot margin : i. m., right margin ; 
1. m., left margin ; c. m., centre margin ; itl., interlined ; t. h. (written by) 
text hand ; u. t. h., not (written bj-) text hand.] 

A.D. 1057. ' OcciyyuY', B. ^ moKicuip, B. — !> mac— son, B. ■> Tn[ac],but 
a dot is placed underneath, to signify deletion and li[11a] placed on c. m., B. 



1057. ^ ISonnchadh']. — All the 
MSS., followed by the Annals of Loch 
Ce (ad an.), hare Murchadh. To cor- 
respond therewith, son must be 
changed into grandson ; as Murchadh 
was slain in the battle of Clontarf, but 
Donchadh had a sonnamed Murchadh. 
As this was apparently a general en- 
gagement, it seerns more probable that 



the mistake of the transcription took 
place in the proper name. The Fow 
Masters solve the difficulty by omit- 
ting this portion of the entry. O'Conor 
saw nothing that required correc- 
tion. 

''Royal-heir. — Literally royal ma- 
terial (regia materies), signifying heif 
apparent. 



ANNALS OP ULSTEE. 



KALENDS of Jan. on 4th feria, 21si of the moon; [1057] 
A.D. 1057. Niall Ua hEicnechain, King of 
Cenel-Endai, -was slain by his own [kinsmen]. — 
Dungal Ua Donnchadha, King of the Eoganacht of Cashel, 
fell by Murchadh [Donnchadh]', son of Brian [Boruma], 
along with many others. — Finnguine Ua Finnguine, royal 
heir'' of Munster, fell by Mael-Sechlainn' Ua* Brie. — 
Echmarcach, son of Cernach, herenagh'' of Dun-leth- 
glais, went on his pilgrimage^. — A defeat [was inflicted] 
by Kuaidhri Ua Ruadhacain with the Airrthir upon 
GUla-Crist Ua Faelchon and upon the Ui-Eachach. — Mael- 
ruanaidh Ua Focarta, king of the South of Eili, fell 
by Donnchad, son of Brian [Boruma]. — Muircertach 
Ua Tresaich, king of Ui-Barrce, died. — Dubdalethe 
Ua Cinaedha, herenagh of Cork and Rpbartach', son of 
Ferdomnach, successor of [St.] Colum-cille, slept in the 
Lord. — Domnall Ua Ruairc was kiUed by Domnall, son 
of Maelruanaigh, king of Fir-Manach. 



^ Mael-Sechlainn. Devotee (Jit. ton- 
sured) of (St ^ Sechlann (or Sechnall), 
disciple of St. Patrick. By omission 
of the infected s, the name was 
Maelechlainn (Melaghliu) ; which, in 
turn, in disregard of the origin, be- 
came Malachias and Malachy. See 
Vol. I., p. 8. 

* Ua. — The reading of B (son) is also 
found in the Annals of Loch Ce (ad 
an.) But TJa (grandson), the lection 
of A, is given in both of them at the 
year 1059, where the killing of Mael- 
Seehlainn is entered. C follows A. 

^ JJerenaijh. — For the explanation 



of this term, see O'Donovan, Four 
Masters, iii. , p, 47 sq. 

° Went on Ms pilgrimage. — That is, 
either over sea ; or, more probably, to 
another native establishment (perhaps 
Armagh ; cf. 1003[=1004], 1037, 
supra, 1063, infra), to end his life in 
penitential exercises. 

'' Robartach. — Abbot of Kells, which 
at that time (Adamnan, p. 399) was 
apparently the official seat of the suc- 
cessor of St. Columba. Hesucpeeded 
Mael-Muire, a.d. lOiO (supra). Dr. 
Reeves suggests (loc. cit.) that he was 
son of Ferdomnach, who died 1007 
(=1008), supra. 

A ii 



B 42a 



A 45a 



4 ccMMala ulccoli. 

jCal. Ian. u. p, I. ii., CCnno "Dommi TTI." l." tun. 
Imbleac-ibaiiT. -do lofcat) co leip, icep "oaimliac 7 
cloiccec. — Liilac, mac ^illa-Comjjain, aiffojais CClban, 
7)0 ma\ibav la TTlael-Coluim, mac "Oonnca'Da, 1 cau. — 
TYlaiT)m 8lei15e-C|iot; tiia n-T)iaiT,mair;, mac tTlail-na- 
mbo, poll 'Donnca'D, mac b|iiaiti, 1 riopcaifi Caijibifii 
hUa l.i5T)ai, aijacinnec Imleca-ibaiia, 7 Rigbafi-Dan, 
mac Concoiiane, pi eie ev aln mulci. — 5*^llbfiac bUa 
Ceifibaill, iTi'Domna T;emfiac, moixcuuf^ eyz. — Colman 
hUa hCCiiaecr:ai§, comaiaba Comgaill; hUa 'Planncua, 
aiificinnec Imleaca-ibaiyi, in pace qwenefinn-c. — TTlac- 
beaca-D, mac pinnlaic, aifiTDyiig CClban, vo mapba-o 
la TTlael-Coluim,* mac "Donncatia, 1 car. 

|Cal. Ian. ui. p., I. x. 111., CCnno T»omini m." l.° 
ix.° Cf-ec la Tlflael-Seclainn hUa imoT;afia[i]n 1 
n-CCipreiaaiB, co jiuc v\i\ cat;'' bo, uel paulo pluf 7 
CO ^lomaiaB ^illa-Tnuip.e TTlac CCiyiecraig, mm fie 
Clainne-8inai5.— TTlael-Seclainn | blla bjiic do mucaTi 
1 n-uaim la TTlael-Seclainn bUa 'Paelain. — CCe-o hUa 
T)tibT)ai, 111 hUa-n-OCnialsaTia, a piiif occifUf'' efz. — 
Cfxec la I hOCTiT)5a|i Tnac Loclamn co Cennil-eogam 1 
n-T)al-CCpaiTie, co cucf ac bopoma mop 7 -oa cec" 'oume 

A.D. 1058. 1 TTloiartip, B. ^ Tinaet-Sectainn, A, This is erroneous. 
It was probably an oversight. 

A.D. 1059. ^ .c., A, B. The Eoman notation 13 regularly emploj-ed in the 
MSS. " occippu-p, B. 



1058. '^J^oth Literally between. 

2 Gitla- Comgaiii " Gillie " {ser- 
vant; employed in the secondary 
sense of devotee as a proper name) 
of St. Comgan of Kilchoan, in Scot- 
land (Reeves, Adamnan, p. 420). 
This is, perhaps, the Comgan, whose 
commemoration in the Martyrology 



of Tallaght adds another to the in- 
.stances of the designation Cele- 
De:UI.Id. lOct. Oct. 13]. Com- 
gani, Oele De (L.L. [Book of Lein- 
ster],Lith. ed.,p. 363 h). 

^ Successor of [Sl.'\ Comgall. — That 
is, abbot of Bangor, co. Down. 

* Mac-BeatJiadh. — The sequence of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. 
1058. Imblech-ibau- was burned entirely, both^ stone 
church and steeple. — Lulach, son of Gilla-Comgain,'' arch- 
king of Scotland, was killed by Mael-Coluim, son of Donn- 
chadh, in battle. — The defeat of Sliabh-Crot [was 
inflicted] by Diarmait, son of Mail-na-mbo, upon Donn- 
chadh, son of Brian [Boruma], wherein fell Cairbri TJa 
Ligdai, lierenagh of Imblech-ibair, and Righbardan, son of 
Cucoime, king of Eili, and many others, — GaUbrat 
Ua Cerbaill, royal heir of Tara, died. — Colman Ua 
hAirechtaigh, successor of [St.] Comgall' ; Ua Flanncua, 
herenagh of Imblech-ibair, slept in peace. — Mac-Beathadh,* 
son of Finnlaech, arch-king of Scotland, was kiUed by 
Mael-Coluim, son of Donnchadh, in battle. 



[1058] 



Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. 
1059. A foray by Mael-Sechlainn Ua Motadhain into the 
Airthir, so that he took away 300 cows, or a little more, 
and killed Gilla-Muire Mac Airechtaigh, steward of Clann- 
Sinaigh. — Mael-Sechlaimn Ua Brie was smothered in a 
cave by Mael-Sechlainn Ua Faelain. — Aedh Ua Dubdai, 
king of Ui-Amalgadha, was slain by his own [kinsmen]. 
— A foray by Ardgar Mac Lochlainn along with^ the Cenel- 
Eogain into Dal-Araidhe, so that they took away great 
cattle-spoil, and 200 persons were either killed or 



[1039] 



the items respecting Lulach and Mac- 
Beathadh (the Macbeth of Shakes- 
peare) should be reversed. Marianus 
Scotus, who had his information from 
a pilgrim that came straight from 
Scotland, writes in two autograph 
notes in his Chronicle (ad an. 1070 
[=1058]) : Macfinlaeg occiditur 
in Augusto. Lulag successit et 
occiditur in Martio : cui Moel- 
Coluim successit . . . Macfinlaeg 
regnavit annis xvii., ad missam 



Sanctae Mariae. Lulach a nativitate 
Sanctac Mariae ad missam Sancti 
Patricii in mense Martio regnavit. 
Inde Moelcoluim regnavit annis xx., 
usque ad missam Sancti Patricii. 

1059. ^ Along with. — The original 
is CO (with), which the Four Masters 
changed into do (of). O'Donovan, ac- 
cordingly, has " [one] of the Cinel- 
Eoghain;" which a native aunalist 
v/ould deem it superduous to apply 
to a king of that clan. 



ccMMccla ulccoti. 



eceifi mafibat) 7 epgabaiL— Cacal, mac "Cigeiariain, fii 
lapcaiyi Con[Ti]acc; Con^alac htla Riacam, in-oomna 
"Cempac; 't)tia|icari hllq;he5pa[i],p.i luigne; ^lUa-Coem- 
pn, mac^iUa-ComsaiU, iT-iDomna" laisen, occif 1" f unc— 
5iUa-T)oman5a[i]iTC hUa CoricaiUe, -fii litla-'Nialla[i]ti ; 
mtiiifieT)ac TiUa "piainn, |ii htla-'CuinT:t^e ; "Comalrac 
hlla tnael-bpenamn, Tnuiyie Sil-TTluiiaeTiaic, ttioiit;ui 
func.— T)omTiaU TTlac eonofa, aiticmnec mainifciaec 
[bui€i]; eocaTD hUa Cmae'oa, aiiacinnec CCm-z;ptiiTn ; 
CCnefbf ITlac Ui-oip, aiiacmnec lufca; Conains hlla 
Paipceallai^, aipcintiec "DriOTTia-leamn [moii^ui fUtiT;]. 

"jCal. Ian. m^. p.," I. xx. 1111., CCnno t)oniini m.° lx.°° 

Coca'o mop 1 n-CCtiTD-ITlaca eze^i Cumtiipcac hUa 

n-epoxia[i]n 7 "OubDaleici, comapba paz^mc, imon' 

abDaine. — Cenannuf^ t)o lofco'D 7)0 leip, co n-a 

■oaimliac. — Lei'SgleaTin -do lofcax) -do leip, cenmoca in 

[TD]e|iT;ac.— "Domnall T)eifec, ppim anmcayia Gpenn 7 

Conn na m-bocc Cluana-mac-Moif an Chfiiipcum uocaci 

funr;: 

'Oa'' bliat)am Tjec 'n-a ceycaiti, 

C01C mile cen oen efbaif) — 

"Ixia'Domna, but with deletion mark under tlie first a, B. ''oocij^p, B. 

A.D. 1060. 1 mon (i.e., aphseresis of i), B. » Ceanannuip, B. » om., B. 
I' p. is placed overhead, having been omitted at iirst, B. ° TTlitLiy'jr'imo 
aclac. anno "Dominicae Incafinacioni'p inserted, t. h., B. *■'' f. m., t. h., 
the place of insertion being indicated by marks prefixed, corresponding with 
marks placed on margin opposite the entry, A ; om., B. 



2 Either hilled or captured, — Liter- 
ally ; [took] 200 persons, between kill- 
ing and capturing. 

' Gilla-Bomangairt. — Devotee o/(.%.) 
Domangarl, of Eath-Miiirbuilg (Mur- 
lough), Co. Antrim, brother of St. 
Muru of Fahan, Co. Donegal. A gloss 
in the L. B. copy of the Calendar 
of Oongus suggests a line contain- 
ing the name of Domangart as the 
true reading in the quatrain for 
March 24 (the feast day), where 



the text commemorates St. Mochta of 
Louth. 

* TomaltagJi Ua Mael-Bi-enainn 

The only member of the O'Mulrenin 
family, according to O'Donovan (/^. 
M. p. STB), that, ever became chief of 
all the Ui-Mureadhaigh. This is 
based on the reading of the Four 
Masters, who give, here and else- 
where, tlgherna (lord) for muire 
(steward). The equation is, of course 
quite groundless. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 7 

capturedr — Cathal, son of Tigernan, king of the West [lOoOj 
of Connacht; Congalach Ua Riacain, royal heir of 
Tara ; Duarcan Ua hEghrai, king of Luighne ; Gilla- 
Coemgin, son of Gilla-Comhgaill, royal heir of Leinster, 
were slain. — Gilla-Domangairt' Ua Conchaille, king of 
Ui-Niallain ; Muiredach Ua Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtre ; 
Tomaltach Ua Mael-Brenainn/ steward of Sil-Muiredaich, 
died. — Domnall Mac Eodosa., herenagh of Mainister- 
[Buithi] ; Eochaidh Ua Cinaedha, herenagh of Ath-truim ; 
Aneslis Mac Uidhir, herenagh of Lusca; Conaing Ua 
Fairchellaigh, herenagh of Druim-leathan [died]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7tli feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. rjQgQ , g;^ 
1060. Great war in Ard-Macha between Cumuscach^ 
Ua Erodhain and Dubdaleithi, successor of [St.] Patrick, 
respecting the abbacy. — Cenannus was burned entirely, 
with its stone church. — Lethglenn was burned entirely, 
except the oratory. — Domnall Deisech [i.e., of the Desi], 
chief soul-friend of Ireland and Conn-na-mbocht^ of 
Cluain-mac-Nois, were called to Christ : 

Two years [and] ten ended, ^ 

Five thousand without any defect — 



Tbey further add that this indivi- 
dual was smothered in the cave along 
with Ua Brie. The improbability of a 
Eoscomracn chief taking part in a 
South Waterford clan feud doubtless 
never occurred to them. 

1060. ' Cumascach. — In the list of 
the successors of Patrick (L. L. p. 42, 
and L. B. [Lebar Brec], Litho. ed. 
p. 220), he is given next after Dub- 
daleithi. The Annals of Innisfallen 
(ad an.) say the latter was deposed 
in favour of the former. See infra, 
A.D. 1064. 

- Conn-na-mhocJit — Conn oj" the poor, 
— Best known as the grandfather of 
Mael-Muire the compiler of Lebar na 



hUidri (Book of the. Dun [cowj), an 
11th cent. MS. in the Royal Irish 
Academy, and published in facsimile. 

For his epitaph (Oroit do Chunn — 
a prayer for Conn) and a notice of 
his family, see Christian Inscriptioris 
(fig. 147, p. 65 sq.). 

^ Ended. — Lit., in their excision. 
The preposition i with the possessive 
forms a native idiom, expressing state 
or condition. (See O'Donovan, Irish 
Grammar, p. 291; Windisch, Wor- 
terhuch,'^. 608-9). The computation 
(5012), including the current year, 
gives thfl Hebrew reckoning, a.m* 
3962. 



8 



ccMMCclcc ularoti. 



Puaip, hUa poyifvei'D co ipuiliti, 
X)o ifieifi ifiobei'D, ifiobuilit) — 
O cuf "DOTnaiTi DosiaaiTig cic 
Co heicfecc "Oomnaill 'Oeific.'' — 
1Tlael-Ciapa[i]n hUa TlobocaHn, aificinnec Suiyit), 
Tnoiacu[u]ip efc — 1Tluiifice|xcac, mac SiUa-phulapcaig/ 
lai-Domna na n-T)ef6, occifUf* efc. — TTlai'DtTi laia 
■pepaib byies (iTJon/ tiia n-gaiifibei'D hUa Cacufaig') 
■poyi ^ailetijailS (ixion' Leocan, mac mic maeLa[i]n') 
7 pop, Caipppi. — piannacan hUa Ceallaig, fii bpeg, 
■DO ec 1 n-a aili^pe- 

ICal. Ian. ii. p, I. u., CCnno 'Oomini m." lx.° i." 
B42b TT'iuiiri.e'Dac | hUa TTlael-Coluim, aificintiec "Oaipe ; 
Ciafiati, fUi-ecnai'D eiaenn ; Ocan hUa Copmaca[i]n, 
aiificinnec 1nTiri-Cu[m]ipcpai'D ; T/iseifiriac baippcec, 
comapba pinnen, 7 afxv anmcaifia epenn ; Conaing, 
mac iiTD abax), foipaiificiTinec CCp-DM-ITl aca, in peni- 
cencia^ quieuepunc — "Oomnall hUa niael'Doifiai'D -do 
maifibax) la RuaiTipi llUa Cananna[i]n 1 cac. — ^aipBei'D 
htla Cacuirais, ifii bpes; Cu-Ula'D, mac Congalaig, ]i\ 
Uaccaiifi-ciyie, in peniT;eni;ia'' mopcui yunv. — Niall, 
mac imail-SeclaiTin, |ii CC1I15, mopcuuf" epc — 
Sluasa-D la hCCe'o hUa Concobaiti co Cenn-copa'S, 
A 45b I CO |\obifiiTp in caujiaig 7 co yiomuc in cippaii;. — ^leann- 
"oa-loca^ "DO lofca'D -do lei p." 

'S'i'^tt uatayicaij (^, being sUent, -was om. by scribe), B. ^occm'-ur, B. 
«e 1. in., t. h., A, B. " itl., t. h., A, B. 

A.D.1061. ipenecencia, B. ^penecencia, B. ^TtioTVCUip, B. — aaora.,C. 



^ Ua Forreidh. — Most probabl}', 
tlie one whose obit is given at 1088. 
living iu Emly, he must have heard 
of the fame of Domnall, who belonged 
to a neighbouring county (TVaterford). 

' Come. — Literally, comes. The 
numerals, according to native usage, 
are nom. abs. Collectively (= period), 
they form the subject of tic (sg.) 



® GUlla-Fhulartaigh — Devotee of 
{St.') Fulartach, who died a.d. 778 
( = 779), supra. The Mart, of Tal- 
laght (L.L.,p. 358a) has: iiii. Kal. Ap. 
Fularta\i'\ch, mic Brie (son of Brec). 
The occurrence of Fulartach's name 
in the present entry may be taken as 
proof that his father was eponymous 
head of the Ui Brie. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Ua Forreidh* acutely found, 

According to very established, very decisive rule — 
From beginning of the evil hoary world come^ 
To decease of Domnall Deisech. — 

Mael-Ciarain TJa Kobocain, herenagh of Sord, died. — 
Muircertach, son of Gilla-Fhularfcaigh^ [Ua Brie], royal 
heir of the Desi, was slain. — A defeat [was inflicted] by 
the men of Bregha (namely, by Gairbeid Ua Catusaigh) 
upon the GaUenga (tha* is, [upon] Leochan, grandson of 
Maelan) and upon the Cairpri. — Flannacan Ua Ceallaigh, 
king of Bregha, died in his pilgrimage.'' 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. 
1061. Muiredhach Ua Mael-Coluim, herenagh of Daire ; 
Ciaran, most eminent sage of Ireland ; Ocan Ua Corma- 
cain, herenagh of Inis-Cumscraigh; Tigernach of Bairrce,^ 
successor of [St.] Finnian and archsoul-friend of Ireland ; 
ConaingjSon of the abbot, deputy-herenagh^ of Ard-Macha, 
rested in penance.^ — Domnall Ua Maeldoraidh* was killed 
by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain in battle. — Gairbheidh Ua 
Cathusaigh, king of Bregha ; Cu-Uladh, son of Conghalach, 
king of Uachtar-tire, died in penance.^ — Niall, son of Mael- 
Sechlainn, king of Ailech, died. — A hosting by Aedh Ua 
Conchobair to Cenn-coradh, so that he broke down^ the 
city and choked up the [holy ?] well. — Gleann-da-locha 
was burned entirely. 

reutly, that official functions liad been 
laid aside, the better to prepare for 
death. Herein it differed from dying 
in pilgrimage^ that monks remained 
in their own, and clerics and laics 
entered local, establishments. 

* Domnall Ua Maeldoraidh ■The 

Annals of Loch Ce, which have this 
entry under the present year, give 
Domnall under the following year as 
killed by Aedh Ua Conchobhair ! 

^ Broke down. — Meaning, verj' pro- 
bably, that he razed the royal resi- 
dence and the fortifications. 



[1060J 



' Died in his pilgrimage, — That is, 
probably, in a religious house situ- 
ated outside his own territory. 

A.D. 1061. ^ Tigernach ofBairce. 
— The abbot under whom Marianus 
Scotus saj's he lived before his de- 
parture for the Continent (^Chron. ad 
an. 1065=1043). He presided over 
the monaster}' of St. Finnian of 
Magh-bile (Moville), County Down. 
Deputy-herenagh. — Literally, «er- 
vant-herenagh ; one acting under (and 
doubtless nominated by) the herenagh. 

' In penance. — Signifying, appa- 



[1061] 



]0 



CCNMCClCC tlLaT)ll. 



13 42c 



}Cal. Ian. in. p., I. oc. ui., CCnno T)omini m." Ix." 11.° 
RuaiTipi htla 12Uticbeiat:ai5, pi ^a\wa\\i Cotinacc, vo 
mafibo'o la liCCe'o^ hUa ConcolSaiifi i cac. — ^^lla-Cfiift; 
litla TTlael-DOiiaTO, coma|tba Colaim-cille ereyi efiinn 
7 CCLbain ; TTlaeliiuanais hUa "Oaisini, pfiim anmcapa 
'Cuaifce[i]pt; Giaenn, in Ch^'iifco T)oianiieiatinT;. — 'Ca'Dg, 
mac CCe^a hUi Concobaip, -do maiaba'D la Clamn- 
Cofcfiai'D (7* la Ma\iT:a\i Connacc, pefi -Dolum"). — Cpec 
la hCCiaDsayi TTlac Loclainn 1 Coicex) Connacc, co 
cucfa^; fe" mile -do buaiB, mile imoi^fio" •do "DainiB. — 
Ttonncuan hUa TTlacainen 7)o mayiba'D tdo 5^lla- 
Ciafiain bUi TTlacainen, pi mti5T)0]an. — Gocai'D, mac 
Weill, mic eoca'ba, pi-oomna Coici'd Bfienn 7 eocai-D 
htJa LaiTOin, pi 8il-T)oibt:ipe, in peniT;enuia^ mopcui 
func. — Ruai'Dpi, mac Concaippgi, piTDomna pepn-muigi, 
"DO mapbafi vo mac Neill hUi Ruaipc 

jCal. Ian. 1111. p., I. ccac. tin., CCnno T)omini m.^lac." in." 
^opmlai^, ingen Cauail, mic Tluaix»pi, in pepigpina- 
cione 1 n-CCpxi-Tnaca "oopmniic. — 1Tloi;o'Dan htla Cele- 
ca[i]n, pecnap CCpT)[a]-in aca, mopT;uup^ epc. — Cacal 
hUa "Oonnca^a; aip-opi hUa-n-ecac TTIuman ; CuT)tiili5 
bUa 'Cai'Dg, pi pep-Li; | TTlael-Seclamn hUa TTlo-co- 
'Da[i]n, pmamna CC1I15, a ptnp immicip (iTJon," o 
Cenel-Conaill"), occipi punc. — Coinnmex) mop la TTlac 
Loclainn 6 cd glenn-Suili'oe piap co hlap^up tuigne 7 
CO TnuaTO Oti-n-CCmalgai'D, 7)ti 1 T:ar\-gazvi\i^ pig Connact; 

A.D. 1062. ihCCoT), B. » petie— , B. '•-'' itl.,t. h., A; ora., B. l-.tii., 
A, B. " tie|io (the Latin equivalent), B. 

A.D. 1063. 1 mortcap, B. '--Dti|i, B. n-^ itl., t. h., A ; 1. m., t. h., B. 



10G2. ^Both ("re.— Lit., between. 
For Gilla-Crist (who sucL-eeded 
Koljartach in 1057) see Eeeves, 
Adamnau, p. 400. 

^ Fifth — Tliat Uffth division ; Ire- 
land having been anciently divided 
into /W provinces : Jleath, Ulster, 



Leinster, Munster, and Corinaught. 
See Vol. 1, p. 386. 

^ Eocliaidh. — The Four Masters at 
the present year say he died on 
Thursday, Nov. 13. But the 13th 
fell on Wednesday in this year. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



11 



Kalends ofJan. on 3rd feria, 16th of the moon, a.d. 1062. [1062]- 
Uuaidhri Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the Westof Connacht, 
was killed by Aedh Ua Conchobhair in battle.— Gilla-Crist 
Ua Maeldoraidh, successor of [St.] Colum-cille/both in' Ire- 
land and Scotland; Maelruanaigh Ua Daighri, chief soul- 
friend of the North of Ireland, slept in Christ. — Tadhg, son 
of Aedh Ua Concobair, was kiUed by the Clann-Coscraidh 
(and by the West of Connacht in treachery). — A foray 
by Axdgar Mac Lochlainn into the Fifth^ of Connacht, so 
that they took away six thousand cows, also a thousand 
persons. — Donncuan Ua Machainen was killed by GiUa- 
Ciarain-Ua Machainen, king of Mughdoirn. — Eochaidh,'' 
son of Niall, son of Eochaidh, royal heir of the Fifth of 
Ireland,* and Eochaidh Ua Laithein, king of SU-Duibtire, 
died in penance. — Ruaidhri, son of Cucairrgi, royal heir 
of Fern-magh, was killed by the son of Niall Ua Ruairc. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 27th of the moon, A.D. 1063. [io(>3] 
Gormlaith, daughter of Cathal, son of Ruaidhri [ Ua Flaith- 
bertaigh], slept in pilgrimage in Ard-Macha. — Motadan 
Ua Celecain, vice-abbot of Ard-Macha, died. — CathaP 
Ua Donnchadha, arch-king oftheUi-Echach of Munster; 
Cuduiligh Ua Taidhg, king of Fir-Li ; Mael- Sechlainn Ua 
Motodain, royal heir of Ailech, by his enemies (namely, 
by Cenel-Conaill), were slain. — Great coigny" [was levied] 
by Mac Lochlainn from Glenn-Suilidhe'' westwards to the 
western part of Luighne and to [the river] Muaidh of 
Ui-Amalgadha, where all the kings of Connacht came 



^ Fifth of Ireland.— That is, Ulster ; 
the Fifth, or Province, pac excellence. 

1063. 1 Cathal. — Slain, according 
to the F. M., by his own son. The 
items of this entry are too discrepant 
to be included in one formula. Cud- 
uiligh is said (in the F. M.) to have 
died a natural death. Suis inimicis 
can mean their enemies, with reference 



to all three. I have followed the gloss 
In restricting it to Mael- Sechlainn. 

^ Coigny. — Or coigne (anglicized 
form of the comnmedh of the text), 
cess levied in lieu of billeting. The 
F. M. mai^e it a hosting {sloighedK) ; 
O'Conor, an aitny. 

3 From Glenn-Suilidhe — Literally, 
from [where'] is Glenn Svilidhe. 



12 aNNalcc uLcCDti. 

uile 1 n-a zee, im CCexi hUa Corico15aiifi 7 im CCe'D, mac 
TTiic Neill 111 Uuttipc 7 im mac CCipc htli Ruaiyic. — 
hUaim CClla 1 Ceayia -do jabail o Chonnact;ai15 pop 
muinceiT. CCetia hUi ConcoBaiifi, in po mucca pepca'' 
aji cec." — Niall, mac eoca-ba, aiiaT)fii VHav, a ec 1 n-l-o 
Nouembip, 7 1 n-'DafiT)ain, 7 1° n-ocumaT) [uocaT)] "oec 
[efci].° — Cinae'D, mac CCiciia, aipcinnec tifmoip- 
TTlocucu; eocaitf hUa 'Oalla[i]n, aiiacinnec Coinneiiae', 
in pace T)0ifimi6ifiunt;. 
ih a ]c^^- 1«n- u. p., I. IX., CCnno T)omini 1T1.° Ix." 1111.° 
"Oolgen hUa Sonai, aipcinnec CCiifi'D-ipiT.aca ; in "Oall 
hUa Lona[i]n, ppim eicey peyi TTluman; 5i^^<^'CtWci' 
hUa TDaelmicis.Mn pemi^encia mopcoi func — Copmac, 
aipcinnec CCi|i'D-bpeca[i]n ; Gocaix) htia T)oy\iem, aip,- 
cmnec "Oomnail-moifi TTluisi-lm, in "Domino ■Dop.- 
miepunc- — ITluipcepcac hUa NeiU, pi 'Celca-o[i]5, 
o tlib-Cpemcainn occipup epr. — "Oonnca^, mac bpiam, 
aipDpi TTluman, (•do'' acpiga'o 7*) vo ec 1 Tloim 1 n-a 
ailicpi. — 'Dub'oaleici (mac'' Tnael-Tnuipe"), comapba 
Pacpaic, 1 Icalainn Sepcimbip in bona penecencia 
mopcuup epc. TTlaeL-lpu,* mac CCmalga'Da, -do gabail 
na hab-oame. — "Oiapmaic TiUa Lopca[i]n, pix>omna 
taigen, "oo mapbaxi la Cinel-eogain 1 n-Ullcaib. — 

^■^Ix. ayi .C; A, B. "-<= in .xuin., A, B. ^ Coiirneiae, B. 

A.D. 1064. imaeil— , B. My-a, A — » om., B. ; "-b itl., t. h., A; ora., B. 

13 fell on Wednesday; but in 1068, 
as the text states, on Thursday. 

With regard to the lunar reckoning, 
it is worthy of note that its accuracy 
is confirmed by the old rule in Bede 
(Z>e rat. temp, xxii.) '* November in the 
Ides, 317." Deduct the current day 
and add the January epact (as given 
above), 27=343. Divide by Sa 
(two consecutive lunations) and from 
the remainder, 48, subtract 30. This 
gives the 18 of the text. New Moon 
accordingly fell on Oct. 27. 



^ Into his house. — An idiomatic ex- 
pression, signifying to make formal 
submission. 

^ With. — Literally, around. 

^ On the Ides. — The Four Masters 
say that Niall and his son, Eochaidh, 
died on Thursday, Nov. 13, 1062. 
But Tigernach agrees with these 
Annals in placing the obit of Eochaidh 
at 1062, and that of his father at 
this year. Furthermore, what is de- 
cisive on the subject, in 1062, Nov. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



13 



into his house* with' Aedh Ua Concobhair, and with' [1003] 
Aedh, grandson of Niall Ua Ruairc, and with' the son of 
Art Ua Ruairc. — The cave of Alia in Cera was cap- 
tured by the Connachtmen against the people of Aedh 
Ua Concobhair, wherein were smothered sixty above one 
hundred [persons]. — Niall, son of Eochaidh, arch-king of 
Ulidia, died on the Ides" of November [Nov. 13] and on 
Thursday and on the 18th [of the moon]. — Cinaedh Mac 
Aichir, herenagh of Lis-mor of [St.] Mochutu ; Eochaidh 
Ua DaUain, herenagh of Coindere, slept in peace. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 9th of the moon, A.D, [i064]Bis 
1064. Dolghen Ua Sonai, herenagh of Ard-sratha ; the 
Blind Ua Lonain, chief poet of the Men of Munster ; 
Gilla-arrai Ua Maelmithigh, died in penance. — Cormac, 
herenagh of Ard-Brecain ; Eochaidh Ua Doireid, herenagh 
of Domnach-mor of Magh-Itha, slept in the Lord. — 
Muircertach Ua Neill, king of Telach-og, was slain by the 
Ui-Cremtainn Donnchadh, son of Brian [Boruma], arch- 
king of Munster, (was deposed and) died in Rome in his 
pilgrimage. — Dubdaleithi (son of Mael-Muire), successor of 
Patrick, died on the Kalends of September [Sep. 1] in 
good penance.^ Mael-Isu, son of Amalgaidh, took the 
abbacy. — Diarmait Ua Lorcain, royal heir of Leinster, 
was killed by the Cenel-Eogain in Ulster.— Airdgar Mae 



Hereby are to be corrected the 
Calendars (e.g. Nicolas, Chron. of Hist.; 
Hampson, Med. Aevi Kal.') that place 
the Golden Number XIX. (1063 was 
tbelast year of the Cycle.) at October 
26. It is accurately indicated in the 
Calendar, Embolismal Computus and 
Decemnovennal Tables appended to 
the printed editions of the above- 
named work of Bede. 

O'Donovan queries whether " the 
18th " refers to the reign of Niall. 
But at 1016 be bad given the slaying 



of Niall's predecessor from these 
Annals. In the list of Kings of 
Ulidia in L. L. (p. 41 d) " 42 or 
50" years are assigned to Niall. 

Marianus Scotus has: a.d. 1087 
[=1065], Nidi mac Eochada, rex 
Ulad, obiit Id. Nov. This postdates 
the obit by two years. 

1064. ''^ In good penance This per- 
haps signifies that Dubdaleithe ac- 
quiesced in his deposition (a.d. 1060), 
and devoted his remaining years 
exclusively to religious exercises. 



It 



ccNNaLcc uLccoti. 



B42d 



eCiirosap TYlac loclainti, ■p.i CC1I15, -do ec 1 Zelac-6^ ev 
■pepulcuf efc 1 n-CCifX'D-Tnaca, in matifolio iiesum. — 
mac Leobelem," t^i h\ievm, vo Ttiatiba-D la mac lacoib.— 
ecmapcac,* jfii ^all, "oo ecaiB. 

Ilic" efc ppimuf annuf uiTDecimi Cicli ma^m 
Pafchabf a confcitrucione ttiuitdi ; pjaincipium uerio 
ceficn Cicli masni pafchalif ab Incafinacione "Domini 
ec habec quacuo|i Conctirinenceip bifipecrcileip ev efc 
■pecun7)Uip annuf 1n'Diccionif.° 

let. Ian. U11. p, I. XX., CCnno "Oomini TTl." Ix". u°. 
*Oubcac CClbanac, piaim anmcafia epenn 7 CCLbann, 1 
n-CC|i'D-1fnaca quieuic: 

"Dubcac,^ 'ouini Tjligcec, "oup,, 
Ronbia in •pofa'D fligcec foep, 
■Mem ipuaip, in c-anmcapa, aDCit), 
CCpacip claptana coerh. — ^ 

T)onncax) hUa TTlacsamna, pi Ulaxi, vo mapbati | a 
m-benncap a puip. — "Oomnall, aipcinnec Logbai-o 7 
aipcmnec "Opoma, a n-ec — CCex> blla Ualsaips -do 

' Leo betem, A ; mac (son), having been omitted at first, is placed overhead 
with reference mark, B. ■'O'ttcmayicac, B. — « om., B; given in C. 
A.D. 1065. "-^ t. m., t. b., with corresponding reference marks, A ; om., B. 



'•^Mausoleum of the kings. — Called 
the cemetery of the Icings, supra, a.d. 
934 (=935). See Keeves, Ancient 
Churches of Armagh, p. 18. 

^ The son of Llywelyn. — Called Gru- 
fud in the Brut y Tj-wysogion (a.d. 
1061), and Grifin in the Annales 
Oamirice (A.D. 1063). In both he is 
stated to have fallen by the treachery 
of his own men. 

* Echmarcach See Vol. I., p. 

591, note 12. According to Marianus 
Scotus, he died in Eome. Donnchad, 
Alius Briain, de Hibemia atque Ech- 
marcach, rex iimarenn (? perhaps, 



in Maneim, of Manann), viri inter 
suos non ignobiles, Komam venientes 
obierunt (1087=1065). 

' Eleventh This Cycle has been 

discussed in the Introduction. 

" Third The second so-called 

Dionysian Great Cycle commenced 
A.D. 632 (531 of text), supra. 

''Four. — The reading in A is uii. 
Coneurrentes. The scribe, nameh-, 
not understanding the text, mistook 
the two first letters of iiii. for u. 
O'Donovan (JF. M., p. 887) gives 
Kal. 4 as the lection of C : meaning 
that New Year's Pay fell on Wedijes-. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



1.-) 



Lochlaiun, king of Ailech, died in Telach-og and was [1064] 
buried in Ard-Macha, in the mausoleum of the kings.^ — 
The son of Llywelyn," king of the Britons, was killed by 
the son of James. — Echmarcach^, king of the Foreigners 
[of Dublin], died. 

This is the first year of the eleventh^ great Paschal 
Cycle from the formation of the world ; but the com- 
mencement of the third" great Paschal Cycle from the 
Incarnation of the Lord. And it hath four'' bissextile 
Concurrents and is the second year of the Indiction. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1065] 
1065. Dubtach, the Scotsman, chief soul-friend of 
Ireland and Scotland, rested in Ard-Macha : 
Dubthach,'' perBon righteous, dour, 
For him there will be a dwelling roomy, noble. 
Heaven the soul-friend found, it is seen, 

Donnchadh Ua Mathgamna, king of Ulidia, was killed^ 
in Bennchar by his own [subjects]. — Domnall, herenagh 
of Lughbadh and the Herenagh of Druim, their death* 
[took place]. — Aedh Ua Ualghairg took the kingship of 



day in 1064. But, as shown in the 
text, it fell on Thursdaj'. Uahet (not 
A'a/.) is the word in the C. MS. 

The Calendar use of Concurrents is 
explained in text-booksof Chronology. 

Bissextile, also distinguishes this 
(the 9th) year from the 4th, 15th and 
26th years of the Solar Cycle of 28. 
These three j'ears (in the Old Style) 
have four Concurrents, but are not 
bissextile. The Indiction is correct. 

1065. ^ Dubhtach — His connexion 
■with Ireland is told in the Breviarj' of 
Aberdeen; In qua utriusque Veteris 
et Novi Testament! precepta et leges 
accuratissirae didicit (quoted in Ad- 
amnan, p. 401). He probably died 
on a pilgrimage to Armagh. 

The last line of the quatrain I am 



unable to translate. Thir may be 
for iA[.sJiV, continued, constant, O'Do- 
novan renders it: "[In exchange] 
for his fair, thin-boarded domicile." 
His text is: ar u thir clar tana 
coernh (p. 886-7). 

2 Was hilled. — Marianus Scotus, 
A.D. 1088 [=1066], says : in templo 
Bennchuir, verno tempore, occiditur. 
His slayer is given by name in the 
third next entry. 

'Their death. — O'Couor reads 
Droma-Anec and gives the equivalent 
as Dromanecensis ; taking a n-ec (their 
death) to be a factor in a local name. 
He adds (obieruni), to find a verb to 
complete the iiflaglnary sense. Dom- 
nall unAHerenayh, according to native 
idiom, are nominatives absolute, 



w 



aNNCcLcc tilccoTi. 



A45d 



^abail tiije Ceneoil-eojain. — bj^oTDtifi, naifia Com- 
Saill, qui occn)ic jiesetn i Tn-bennco|i, -do mapba'D 
la |ii5 T)al-n-OCiaaiT)e. — -VOac "Cmv-g hUi Ceallaij, ^^ 
hUa-ITlaine 7 htia piaicbeiiT:ai5, 111 lapcaiji CoTi[n]acT:, 
occifi funt; la bCCeti hUa Concoba1t^. — "Oomnall hUa 
Loinjfig, pi, T)al-n-CCiaai'De -j Vf\\i^\lce'(u:ac hUa ITlael- 
pabaill, 1^1 Caiiace-byiacaTOe, "oo mafiba'D o htlib-TYlei€ 
TTIenna-Tifie. — Leocan, mac Lai-ognen, ^rti ^'^i^^ng, -do 
Tnaiabax) la Concob«i"i hUa ITlael-Seclainn. — ©crTiilef> 
hUa CCiceTO, jii I1a-n-ecac, -do maifiba-D 7)o Chenml- 
eogain.' 

(Wo' sumax) ayi in jcallainn fi buti coifi 'Oonnca-o, 
mac bpiain boixuma, "do ber, fecunDum alium bbifiom ; 
qui Tramen ui-oecup, moyii anno pfieze^fwo, fecunxium 
hunc libpum.'') 

ICal. 1an. 1. -p., I. 1., CCnno T)o.mini m." Ix." ui.° 
CCef) hUa Roaiiic, fii blla-m-bfiiuin,' mopcuuf efc 
fTracim lap. n-ojacam fciaine pacfiaic. — Ceallac, mac 
■niuiiaceficaig bill Ceallai§ ; 5illa-b|iaiT:i, \i\ hUa- 
m-bjiiuin ; TTlac Sena[i]n, jii ^ailenj ; ^illa-TTloninne, 
mac CCetia mic ui Ualgaips, | occifi func. — Cnomef 

A.D. 1065. iC1ien6l,B.— ^-^ 1. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B. 
A.D. 1066. 1 m-btitiin, A. 2 — cuf , B. 



* Enemy of lSt.'\ Camffall—The 
murder within the church was re- 
garded as a personal affront to the 
patron, St. Comgall. 

^ Domnall Ua Loingdgli. — Mari- 
anus Scotus (uli snp.') writes': i fel 
Tigernaeff Cluana eius occisus — slain 
on the feait of Tigernach of Cluain- 
eois (Clones, co. Monaghan). That 
is, (Monday) April 4. This corres- 
ponds with the verno tempore (p. 15, 
note 2, supra) of Donnchad's assas- 
sination. Strange, that no local 
chronicle noted the date. 



^Another booh. — This otjier hook 
is probahly the Annals of Boyle, 
which state that Donnchadh went to 
Home on a pilgrimage in this j-ear. 
Marianus Scotus (p. 14, note 4, supra') 
also says that he '.Tent to Eome in 
1087L=1065]. 

lOGG. — ^ Shrine nf Patrick. — Ap- 
parently, in Armagh; but the Four 
Masters say it was after plundering 
Clonmacnoise and Clonfert. 

2 Gilla-Moninne. — Devotee of (^St.) 
Moninne (Virgin),of Slieve Gallion, co. 
Londonderry. Her obit is given mjipra, 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



17 



Cenel-Eogain.— Brodur, the enemy of [St.] Comgall/ who [io65] 
slew the king [Donnchadh] in Eennchor, was killed by 
the king of Dal-Araidhe.— The son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, 
king of Ui-Maine and Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the 
West of Connacht, were slain by Aedh Ua Conchobair. 
— Domnall Ua Loingsigh,= king of Dal-Araidhe and 
Muircertach Ua Maelfhabaill, king of Carraic-Brachaidhe 
were killed by the Ui-Meith of Menna-Tire.— Leocan, 
son of Laidgnen, king of Gailenga, was killed by Con- 
ehobur Ua Mael-Sechlainn. — Echmhiledh Ua Ateidh, 
king of Ui-Echach, was killed by the Cenel-Eogain. 

(Or it may be [that it is] on this Kalend [i.e. year] it 
were right for Donnchadh, son of Brian Boruma, to be, 
according to another book^ He seems, howevei", to have 
died in the past year, according to this book.) 



Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. 
1066. Aed Ua Ruairc, king of Ui-Briuin, died straightway 
after rifling the Shrine of Patrick.^ — Ceallach, son of 
Muircertach Ua Ceallaigh ; Gilla-Braiti [Ua Ruairc], king 
of Ui-Briuin, the son of Senan [Ua Leochain], king of 
Gailenga ; Gilla-Moninne,^ son of Aedh great grandson 
of Ualgarg [Ua Ruairc], were slain. — Great nutcrop in 
all Ireland, so' that it impedes the rivers. — The successor 



[1066] 



aD. 519 (=520): Quies Darer- 
cae, quae Moninne nominata est. The 
Saint's name possesses a, literary 
interest. In the so-called Chronicon 
Scntorum, Mae Firbis gives his 
original thus: Quies Darerca .... 
quae Moninne, Aninne sanatho postea 
Dominata est (Marginal a.d. 514). 
The reading is: quae Moninne a Ninne 
sanato, etc. The explanation is given 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 271 c) : 
"fill balb rathroisc aicoe, ar cotissed a 
erlabra A6. Ocus issed toesech ro- 
labair, idon : Ami, ffin. Unde dice- 



batur Moninne. Ocus Ninnine ^ices 
ainm in fbiled — A dumb poet fasted 
with her, in order that his speech 
might come to him. And what he 
first said is this, namely: Kin, Nin. 
Whence she was called Moninne {My 
Ninne). And Ninnine the sage (was) 
the name of the poet." He was 
the author of abeautifulpoeticalinvo- 
cation of St. Patrick in the native 
tongue, preserved in the Book o/ 
Bt/mns. 

^So, etc. — -The Latin portion is 
omitted ill C. 

B 



18 ccMNala vilafoY\. 

mofi 1 n-Gp.inn tnle,ut;iaebellec''pUiiTiinibtif. — Corriapbcc 
"Daipe (iTJOti," 'Donnca'D tlUa T)uimein'') 7 Cinaexi, mac 
mic O-Dopmaic, fii Conaille, in pemcencia* mop,ctii funr. 

jcal. Ian. 11. p, I. a:.ii-, CCnno "Domini 1T1.'' he." 1111.° 
Scolai5i,mac Inniiaccaij, ai]ficinnectTltic[f]noma; CCiifi- 
cinnec T)uin-lec-5laiipe' ; OCe-o, mac mic Ualgaifi^, muii^e 
hlTa^n-T)uibinnpecT; ; eccigeian, mac piainn TTlain- 
iftiT,ec,i'Don, aiyicmnec TTlainifuifiec, in pace 'oopmiepunc. 
— Sloige-D la 'Caiyip.'oelbac htla m-Opiain co toe Cime, co 
yiomaifiba'D 'o'on c-fluaga-D hUa Concobuip, p.i Ciapai'&e- 
l.tiacp,a.^-Ceall-T)apa co n-a z:empall "do lofcaxi. — CCe'D 
htia Concobuip (I'oon," CCe'D in 5a beaifinais"), aiifiT)ifii5 
Coici'b Connacc, luam saipci-o Leici Cui'nn, to mapba'o 
la Conmacne 1 cac, 1 ropcpa-Dafi ile (7" CCe-o hlla 
Concenainx),ifiihUa-n-'Diayimaca,ec alii mulT;i cum eif"), 
iT)on, le hCCe-S, mac CCiyiT; uallaig hlli Uuaiific, a cau 
"Cbflifilais-CCxinaic : 

Secc'' Tn-bliatina fefcac, ni iruaill, 
Ocuf mile, mop, m buare, 
gem Cpifc, ni poeb in pmacc, 
Co copcaip CCet), pi Connacc.'' 

B43abip'= I |CL 1an. 111. p., I. cccc. 111., CCnno T)omini 1Tl."lx.'' tmi." 
■Domnall hUa Cacopaig, aipcinnec "Oum ; Colman hUa' 
Cpica[i]n, pepleiginn CCpTia-imaca'; TTlac in becanaig/ 
comapba Comgaill ; Cinae'Sb, comapba Coemgin, aT) 
Chpipcum migpauepunr;.''— mael-1pu,comapba pacpaic, 

" ifiebeltac, A, B ; but a was unuerdotted and e placed overhead, B, 
* penecenci, B. — b-i) itl.,t. h., A, B. 

A.D. 1067. 1— glmpi, B — ■I-" itl., t. h., A ; om., B. i>-1j f. m.,'t. h., vtith. 
relativesignsof reference, A; om., B, Secc and y-ey^cac are respectively .tin, 
and Xx. in the (A) MS. 

A.D. 1068. ' Repeated by oversight, B. = CCiiaximaca, A. ^beccananais, 
B. » om., B. b-'om., A. 



1067. 1 FZann.— Lector of Monas- I ^ Half of Conn "Id est, the 

terboice, who died in 1056, supra. \ north half of Ireland," C, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 19 

[of Colum-cille in the monastery] of Daire (namely^ [loee] 
Donnchad Ua Duimein) and Cinaedh, grandson of 
Odhormac, king of Conaille, died in penance. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. [io67] 

1067. Scolaighi, son of Innrachtach, herenagh of 
Mucnom ; the Herenagh of Dun-lethglaise ; Aedh, grand- 
son of Ualgarg, steward of Ui-Duibinnrecht ; Ecthigem, 
son of Flann^ of Mainister[-Buithi], namely, the herenagh 
of Mainister[-Buithi], slept in peace. — A hosting by 
Tairrdelbach TJa Briain to Loch-Cime, so that Ua 
Concobuir, king of Ciaraidhe-Luachra, was killed on that 

hosting. — Cell-dara, with its church, was burned. Aedh 

TJa Concobuir (namely, Aedh " of the gapped spear "), 
arch-king of the Fifth of Connacht, helmsman of the 
championship of the Half of Conn,^ was killed by the 
Conmacni, in a battle in which fell many (and Aedh Ua 
Concenaind, king of Ui-Diarmata and many others with 
them), namely, by Aedh, son of Art Ua Ruairc the 
haughty, in the battle of Turlach-Adhnaich : 

Seven years [and] sixty, not trifling. 
And a thousand, great the triumph. 
From Birth of Christ, not vain the sway, 
Until fell Aedh, king of Connacht. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 23rd of the moon, A.D. [i860 Bis]- 

1068. Domnall Ua Cathusaigh, herenagh of Dun; 
Colman Ua Crichain, lector of Ard-Macha; Mac-in- 
Becanaigh, successor of [St.] ComgalP ; Cinaedh, suc- 
cessor of [St.] Coemghen,^ departed to Christ. — Mael- 
Isu, successor of Patrick, [went] upon circuit of Munster 



A.D. 1068. '■Successor of [St.'] 
Comgall. — ^Namely, abbot of Bangor, 
CO. Down. The entry in the Four 
Masters states that he was also suc- 



cessor of St. Mocholmog; that is, 
bishop of Dromore. 

^ Successor of \_St.'\ Coem^4en.~That 
is, abbot of Glendalough, co.Wicklow. 
B 2 



20 



CCNMalCC UlCCDll. 



■poix cuaipc Tnuman cecna pecc, co t;uc a lancuaii^T;, 
ecep ipcyiepal 7 eDpu|ica. — TYluificaT> hUa Opiain, 
yii'Domna TTIumaTi, "oo Tnaptja'o ta Ppu 'Cebca.'' — piaic- 
bepcac hUa "Petigail, ifii T;elca-6[i]cc, -do guin -do 
Cheniul-m-binni5/ — "Domnall, muc MeiU, niic TTlael- 
Seclainn (itioti," "Domnall na m-bocc°), pi CCibs, t)0 
Ttiapbax) (l'DOTl^ mai'Dm Sicbe'') -o'CCexi htla TTlaeL- 
Seclainn, iDOti, a "DepbpaTraip. 

]cal. Ian. u- p., I. 1111., CCnno "Oomini TT1.° lx.° ix-o 
Cobuac, pacapc Cille-x)apa, in Chpipt;o quieuic — T)un- 
7)a-lec5lap 7 CCpTJ-ppa^a 7 Ltipca 7 Sopx)' Coluim-cille 
ab igne 'oip[p]ipara[e] •('nnv. — hUa CCexia.pi bUa-pacpac 
OCp'oa-ppcrca ; CCexi, mac T)ub5ailL, pecnap CLuana- 
pacna; pLannacan, mac CCe-ba, popaipcinnec CCpna- 
THaca, in penicenuia^ mopcui punc 

A 46a I ]caL 1an. ui. p., I. x.ti., CCnno "Domini m.° hex.' 
Cacupac, mac Caipppi, aipcinnec TTlunsapue,^ -do ec — 
TTlupcax), mac "Diapmaca, pi Laigen 7 ^a^U "do ec ec 
pepulcup epc 1 n-CCc-cliac. — hOa heocai-Den, pi "Oal- 
n-CCpaix)e, occipup epc a puip. — pepgal hUa Lai-Dgnen, 
aipcinnec [pb]ocna, 'oo ec- — S^^^'^-P'^^T^'^ic htia TTlael- 
cocaig pepiic mopce immacupa. — CCbbap la, iDon, mac 

"— tbaB. sCmel-b— , B. "-"itl-.t. h., A,B. a-aitl.,l,h., A; 1. m., t. h., B. 
A.D. 1069. 1 8op,c, B. ^ petiicenoia, A. 
A.D. 1070. 1— ^e, B. 



''Both cess and donations. — Liter- 
ally, between scruple and offerings. 
That the Screpal (from the Latin 
Saipulum) was coined money, can 
hardly be inferred from the distinc- 
tion here made between itself and the 
offerlnga in kind. Compare the pas- 
sage in the Confession of St. Patrick : 
Forte autem, quando baptizavi tot 
milia hominum, speraverim ab aliquo 
illoram vel dimedio [lege — ium] 
scriptule? Dicite mihi et reddara 



vobis. Also the expression in the 
sixth Canon of the Irish Synod pub- 
lished by Wasserschleben (^Die Buss- 
ordnungen der abendlandische Kirche^ 
p. lil) : duodecim discipuli [lege 
scripuli] usque viginti. 

More likely, to j udge from the B reh on 
Laws, the word represented a stand- 
ard of value. The meaning, accord- 
ingly, would be that the sum was 
made up of the proceeds of a rate, 
supplemented by voluntary coutri- 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



21 



the first time, so that he took away his full circuit [io68]Bu 
[amount], both cess and donations^ — Murchadh Ua 
Briain/ royal heir of Munster, was killed by the Men of 
Tebtha.— Flaithbertach Ua Fergail, king of Telach-oc, 
was wounded [mortally] by the Cenel-Binnigh. — Dom- 
nall, son of Niall, son of Mael-Sechlainn (namely, Dom- 
nall "of the poor"), king of Ailech, was killed (that is, 
[in] the Defeat of Sithbe) by Aedh, grandson of Mael- 
Sechlainn, namely, his brother. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. [i069] 

1069. Cobthach, priest of Cell-dara,^ rested in Christ. — 
Dun-da-lethglas and Ard-sratha and Lusca and Sord of 
[St.] Colum-cille were wasted by fire. — Ua Aedha, king of 
Ui-Fiachrach of Ard-sratha ; Aedh, son of Dubghall, vice- 
abbot of Cluain-Fiachna ; Flannacan, son of Aedh, deputy- 
herenagh'^ of Ard-Macha, died in penance. 

Kalends of Jan, on 6th feria, 16th of the moon, A.D. [i070] 

1070. Cathusach, son of Uairpre, herenagh^ of Mungarit, 
died. — Murchadh, son of Diarmait,^ king of Leinster and 
of the Foreigners, died' and was buried in Ath-cliath. — 
Ua hEochaiden, king of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by his 
own [tribesmen]. — Fergal Ua Laidhgnen, herenagh of 
[F]othan, died. — Gilla-Patraic Ua Maelchothaigh per- 
ished by a premature death. — The abbot of la, namely, 



butious. This is confirmed by the 
entry under 1106 (infra), in which the 
apportionment of the levy is set forth. 

^MurcJtad Ua Bnain. — Murchad, 
sciathgerr, oa Briaen [Murchad 
short-shield, grandson of Brian 
(Bornma)] occiditurmense Septembris 
(Marianus Scotus, a.d. 1090 =1068> 

1069. 1 Friest of Cell-dara.—Tha.t 
is. Chaplain of the monastery of the 
nuns of St. Brigit, Kildare. 

' Deputy-hereuagh. —See p. 9, note 
2, supra. 



1070. ^Herenagh. — But the Annals 
of Innisfallen, which in Munster 
affairs are far more reliable than the 
Annals of Ulster, state that Cathusach 
was successor of Deacon Nessan; that 
is, abbot of Mungret, co Limerick. 

^ Diarmait Slain in 1072, infra. 

^ Died. — The Four Masters say his 
death took place "precisely on Sun- 
daj', the festival of Mary in winter." 
But in this year Dec. 8 fell on Wed- 
nesday. 

Marianus Scotus (a.d. 1091 [= 



ccNMccLa ulat)1i. 



mic baecen, 7)o inaiaba'D "oo mac hit) ahav litli 
TTlael'Dopai'D. — Cacbafiia hUa TTnaelcocai'D -do mq^btt'© 
"DO mac hill'" ItTDitige cpia meabail. — ■mu11f^ce1^,T3ac hUoi 
Loinsfig DecolLacuf efc a fUif. — Gilill hUa hCCipeci^, 
comafiba Ciaiaa[i]n, quieuic — TTlac ^of-'T^'^Ci]"' V^V-' 
leisinn Cenannfa 7 fin ecna Gyienn [quieuit;]. — "Cep- 
monn 'Dabe6[i]c'''D'aia5ain'''DO fluaiT)!!! hUa CaTianTia[i]n 
ec uinDicauic "Dominuf ev "Oabeocc ance plenum annum. 
B43b I glumaipn, mac T)iaiamaca, vo mapba'D do "Cuaraib 
toigne la t;aeb cifieice altaigni^. — Ri 'Cebua 7 pi Caipppi 
occifi" •punc. — TYl ael-bpigce, mac Ca^opaig mic inx) ab- 
a-D, pofaipcmnec CCpT)[a]-Tnaca, occipuf eyz. 

]Cal. Ian. un. p, I. occc. ui., CCnno "Domini m.° lxx.° 
1.° Ri Ulax), iT)on, Ua' piacpai/ "do acpigaxi la hlla TTlael- 
puanaig 7 la hUlcu; ace pomapban in c-Ua TYlael- 
pu[a]nai5 pin po cecoip m bello la "Donnpleibe hUa 
n-eocax)a. — gi^^t^'Cpipt; bUa Clococa[i]n, pepleiginn 
CCpxia-irnaca/ in Chpipco quieuir;. — Ceall-T)apa7 ^lenn- 
•oa-loca 7 Cluain-Dolca[i]n cpemac[a]e punc 

bip.i [Cal. Ian. 1. p., I. uii., CCnno T)omini m." Iccoc." 11.° 
TYlael-tTluipe hUa Tnuipi5a[i]n, aipcinnec 'Cuixiniga,'' 
quieuiT;. — ^illa-Cpipc hUa Lon5a[i]n, maep TTluman, 
■DO ec — T)ub'Dil, comapba bpigce, in Chpipt;© quieuii;. 
— T)iapmaic, mac ITlail-na-mbo, pi lai^en 7 ^all, vo 

A.D. 1070. 2—65, B. 3^0 a-fisain, B. "om.jB. "occippijB. 
A.D. 1071. -i-i hUa piaicrii, A. = C&ri-o-, A. 
A.D. 1072. lorn., B. -'Ua^■sm'ba,B. 

1069]) has : " Mwchad, oa Jiael- 
nambo, oa Briaen, obiit verno tempore. 
Murchad, grandson of Mael-na-mbo, 
[and] descendant of Brian [Boruma] 
died in spring time." Note the double 
use of oa ^grandson and descendant). 
Murchad was grandson of Mael-na- 
mbo and great grandson of Brian, 
Whose grand-daughter was Diarmait's 
V^ife (A.Di 1080 iiifray 



- Son of the abbot. — See Adamnau, 
p. 402, note b. 

^ Ciaran. — That is, the founder of 
Clonmacnoise. According to the obit 
in the Four Masters, Ua hAiretigh 
died as a pilgrim at Clonard, co.Meath. 

'' Eminent learned man. — Literally, 
sage of wisdom. The Annala of Innis- 
f alien state that Mac Gormain was also 
lector of Clonmacnoise. 



ANNALS OV tfLSTEll. 



2.1 



the grandson of Baethen, was killed by the son of the [1070] 
abbot^ Ua Maeldoraidh. — Cathbarr Ua Maelchothaidh 
was killed by the son of Ua Indirge through treachery. 
— Muircertach Ua Loingsigh was beheaded by his own 
[tribesmen]. — EilillUa h Aire tigh, successor of [St.] Ciaran/ 
rested. — Mac Gormain, lector of Cenannus and eminent 
learned man* of Ireland [rested]. — The Termonn of 
[St.] Dabeoc was pillaged by Ruaidri Ua Canannain. 
And God and Dabeoc avenged^ before the completion of 
a year. — Iron-knee, son of Diarmait/ was killed by the 
Tuatha-Luighne, in addition to a foray' [made by them]' 
in Leinster. — The king of Tebtha and the king of Cairpri 
were slain. — Mael-Brighte, son of Cathusach son of the 
abbot, deputy-herenagh of Ard-Macha, was slain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. ; [1071] 

1071. The king of Ulidia, namely, Ua Flathrai,^ was 
deposed by Ua Maelruanaigh^ and by the Ulidians ; but 
that [same] Ua Maelruanaigh was killed immediately in 
battle by Donnsleibhe Ua Eochadha. — Gilla-Crist Ua 
Clothocain, lector of Ard-JVLacha, rested in Christ. — Cell- 
dara and Glenn-da-locha and Cluain-dolcain were burned. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 7th of the moon, A.D. [i072]Bis, 

1072. Mael-Muire Ua M'uiregain,herenagh of Tuidhnigha, 
rested. — Gilla-Crist Ua Longain, steward of Munster, died. 
— Dabdil, successor of Brigit [i.e., abbess of Kildare], 

^Avenged. — Vindicavit; the singu- 
lar is employed by the Irish idiom, 
whereby the number of the verb is 
determined by that of the next follow- 
ing subject. 

^Diarmait See A.D. 1070, note 

2, supra, 

' Foray, — Creich in the original, 
which O'Conor characteristically 
takes for a local designation ; prope 
Creich in Lagenia. 

1071. ' Ua Flathrai, — His proper 



name, as given in the following year, 
was Cm- Uladh — Hound of Ulidia. 

His predecessor, Ua Mathgamna, 
was slain in 1065, supra. This agrees 
with the regnal list in L.L. (p. 41), 
which assigns six years to Ua Flathrai. 

' Ua Maelruanaigh. — There is a 
Lochlaind Mac Maelruanaigh,to whom 
one month is assigned in the L.L. 
list, between Aed Meranach and 
Donnsleibhe Ua Eochadha. But this 
is at variance with the Annals. See 
1080, note 4 ; 1083, note 2, infra, 



24 



ccNMalcc tiloroTi. 



cuicim 1 cac (ca^" 0'DBa°) la Concobup hlla ITIael.- 
Seclainn, La ^115 'Cem|iac 7 dii '^aH 7 Laigen ime 
(inon,* 1 rriairic 7^ fepr;° I'D Pebpa'').— Cu-Ula'D hUa 
piac^iai 7 niac CCffixia, pi hUa-^obla, vo ma-jibaT) la 
■Def cefiT; m-bifies. — hUa ■pocap.T^a, fii Bile, no rnafibaxi la 
htia m-bpiain- — Ruai'Djai hUa Cananna[i]Ti, yii Ceniuil- 
Conaill, "DO mapba'o la hlla TTlael'DopaiT) (I'DOti,* Oen- 
SUf.*) — Pfiaingc "00 -oul 1 n-CClbain, co cocfac mac pig 
CClban leo 1 n-eiciyiecc 

A 46b I jcal Ian. in." p., I. x. uiii., CCnno T)omini m.° Ixr." 

111.° bebinn, ingen bjiiaiTi, in pefiisfimacione 1 n-CCyiD- 
Tnacamo]fiT;ua efc. — ConcoBafi hlla TTlael-Seclainn, ifii 
'CeiTi|iac,'Donia|iba'D 7)0 mac 'Plain'o hUi TTlael-Seclainn 
"oap aiyicec baclu If u, baculo pfief ence. — "Domnall, mac 
micllal5aiyi5,T:oiipec hUa-n-TDuibmniiacc; Cucaille hUa 
pinn, til ■peyi-Roif; Cofmac hUa CloOT5a[i]n, moefi 
TTluman.in penirent:ia''mopr;ui yvmz. — Slogaxila'Caiiiift- 
•oelbac ilLeic Cuinn, co n-T)efina ctieic n-'oiaipmi'De fop. 
B43c ^ailengaib 7 | co pomapb nnaelmopxia hUa Carufaig, 
p.1 bpeag. — Sicpiuc, mac CCmlaim 7 "oa TiUa m-bpiain 
"DO mapbaxi 1 ITlanainn. 

a-»l.in., 11. t. h.,A; om.jB. '•■i' itl., t. h. , A, B ; om., B. o.uii.,A, B. 
A.D. 1073. Mm., B. Incorrectly. '' Penicenoa, A. 



1072. ^ Tuesday. — Marianus Scotus 
says he was slain on Monday, the 
6th. Diarmait, rex Lagen, viii. 
Idus Kabruarii, feria secunda, oc- 
cissus (a.d. 1094=1072). 

^ Cu- U/adh Ua Flathrai. — Cu- 
Ulad oa Flaithrae, feria sexta, iiii. 
Idas Februarii, occiditur (Marianus 
Scotus, A.D. 1094=1072). February 
10 fell on Fridaj' in that year. 

3 The Franks That is, William 

the Conqueror and his forces. The 
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (a.d. 1072) 
says that when William crossed the 
Tweed, Malcolm gave him hostages. 
Amongst these, we learn from a 



subsequent entry, A.n. 1098, was 
Donnchad (called Duncan in the 
Chronicle). He lived for twenty-one 
years at the English Court. 

1073. ^Bebimi. "Bevinny[=jm9eft 
(daughter), a form retained in the pre- 
sent language] Brien in her pilgrimage 
died, in Home, id est, Ardmagh," C. 

^ Conchobar Ua-MaelSeclainn.' — • 
Conchohor oa Mael-8echnaell, rex 
Midi, ix. Kalendas Aprilis, Dominico 
die Palmarum, occiditur (Marianus 
Scotus, A.D. 1095=1073). In 1073, 
Easter Sunday fell on March 31, and 
Palm Sunday consequently on March 
24. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



25 



rested in Christ. — Diarmait, son of Mail-na-mbo, king of [1072] Bis. 
Leinster and of the Foreigners, fell in battle (the battle 
of Odhbha) by Conchobur Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of 
Tara, and slaughter of Foreigners and of Leinstermen 
[was inflicted] around him (namely, on Tuesday' and on 
the 7th of the Ides [7th] of February).— Cu-Uladh Ua 
Flathrai^ and Mac Assidha, king of TJi-Gobla, were 
killed by the [people of the] South of Bregha.— Ua 
Focarta, king of Eili, was killed by Ua Briain. — Ruaidhri 
Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, was killed by Ua 
Maeldoraidh (namely, Oenghus). — The Franks' went into 
Scotland, so that they took away the son of the king of 
Scotland with them in hostageship. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 18th of the moon, A.D. [1073 
1073. Bebinn,' daughter of Brian [Boruma], died in 
pilgrimage in Ard-Macha. — Concobhar Ua Mael- 
Sechlainn,^ king of Tara, was killed by the son of Fland 
Ua Mael-Sechlainn in violation of the honour of the 
Staff" of Jesus,° in presence of the Staff.^ — Domnall, grand- 
son of Ualgarg, chief of Ui-Duibhinnracht ; Cuchaille Ua 
Finn, king of Fir-Rois ; Cormac Ua Clothagain, steward 
of Munster, died in penance. — A hosting by Tairrdelbach 
[ Ua Briain] into the lEalf of Conn, so that he carried off* 
countless spoil from^ the Gailenga and killed Maelmordha 
Ua Cathusaigh, king of Bregha. — Sitriuc, son of Amhlam, 
[King of Dublin] and two grandsons of Brian [Boruma] 
were killed in [the Isle of] Manann. 



^ staff of Jesus A crozier tradi- 
tionally believed to have been given 
by our Lord to St. Patrick. At first 
preserved in Armagh, it was brought 
to Dublin at the end of the twelfth 
century, where it was destroyed by 
the Reformers in 1538. See O'Curry, 
MS. Matenals, p. 606. 

■* In presence of the Staff. — From this 
expression it may be inferred that the 
assassination took place during Divine 



Service. The Annals of Innisfalkn 
state that the son of Fland wrested the 
Staff from Couchobar and struck 
him with it, thereby causing his 
death. Being a relic, it was probably 
being borne at the time by the king 
in the procession of the Palms. 

* Carried, off. — Literally, com- 
mitted. 

' From. — Literally, upon 



26 



CCMNalCC UCCG'Oll. 



|Cal. Ian. 1111. f-, I. ccx.ix., CCnno "Domini ni.° lxx.° iui-° 
ITluc Tnael-bpenainn (iDon," 'Diaiiniaic''), comapba 
Ofienainn ; ■piaicerri hUa Caiao[i]c aipcinnec Hoif-c|ie ; 
"Ounan, afit)epfcop ^all; Copmac hUa ITlael'DUin, "pui 
in-D ecnai 7 1^ ci^aboT), fuam wcam pelicice|i pniepunt;. 
— TTlaelniop.xia,'' comafiba CCilbe, in pace qui euic. — Cu- 
caifice hUa Ceallais, comayiba Tnuiiu, quieuit:.^ — CCp-T)- 
ITlaca T)o loycav "Dia-TTlaiyir; laia m-bellcaine, co n-a 
uilib cemplailS 7 cloccaib, ecep, Uaic 7 'Ciaian. — Cum- 
uipcac hUa heiao'Du[i]n/ cenn bocc Gjienn, pofc peniren- 
ciam° opcimam in pace quieuic. — RajnaLl hUa 
TnaT)a'Da[i]n/ ifiiDomna CC1I15, occifup ept; a puip. 

ICal. Ian. «. p., I. cc., CCnno "Domini m.° Iccx." u.° ^op- 
jiaij, mac" CCrtilaim, mic Uagnaill,* l^i CCua-cliau ; 
CinaechUa ConbeacaT), t;oipiucCeniu[i]L-binni5, moixcui 
punt;. — Slogaxi la 'Caipp.'oelbac 71a Le^ TTlo^a ilLeiu 
Cuinn, CO copjiaccup co hCCc-pip-oeaTi, co capDpac 
CCip^ialla mai'om" CCp.'oa-monann'' pop Tnuiiicept:ac 

A.D. 1074. 'In (0/ <Ae), B. '^li&iiti-DaCiln, B. 'penecenciam, B. 
^ iniacO'6a[i]ti, B. ^■°' itl., t. h., A, B. ''-'' r. m., t. h., A. The omission of 
tlio items from the text was doubtless an oversight on the part of the copyist. 
Ceal/lais, with the exception of Ce, was cut away in trimming the edges. 
The entries are omitted in C. 

A.D. 1075. 1 Occippu-p, B. "-^niac CCiritaim — sonofAmhlam — in text, 
with no mac ■RagnailL — or, son of Raghnall — itl., t. h., A; mac mic 
Rasnaitt — sort oj the son {grandsoii) of Raghnall — In text, B. This last is 
likewise the reading of C. It is also, what is more decisiye, given in the Annals 
of Innisfallen. Amhlam is mentioned at 1073, supra; Kaghnall was slain in 
the battle of Tara, 979 (=980), sapra. Hereby is removed the "uncertainty " 
(arising from the A — MS.) which caused Dr. Todd (War of the. Gaidhill, etc, , 
p. 290) to omit Godfrey's name from the Genealogical Table (p. 278). ^'^ r. m. 
t. h., A; text, B. 



1074. 1 Successor of [iS't.] Bren- 
ainn. — That is, according to the An- 
nals of Innisfallen, bishop of Ardfert, 
CO. Kerry. 

" llermiagh. — He is called abbot 
in the Annals of Innisfallen. 



'^Successor of [<S.] Ailhe Bishop 

of Emly, CO. Tipperary. 

* Successor of [<Si.] Mum. — Abbot 
of Fahan, co. Donegal. 

* Both Close andThird. — (Literally, 
httmeen Close and Third. ) That is, the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



27 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. [1074] 

1074. The son of Mael-Brenainn (namely, Diarmait), 
successor of [St.] Brenainn^ ; Flaithemh Ua Caroic, 
herenagh^'of Ros-cre; Dun an, archbishop of the Foreigners 
[of Dublin] ; Cormac Ua Maelduin, master of learning 
and in piety, felicitously finished their life. — Maelmordha, 
successor of [St.] Ailbe,' rested in peace. — Cucarrce Ua 
Ceallaigh, successor of [St.] Muru,* rested. — Ard-Macha 
was burned on Tuesday after May-Day [May 6], with all 
its churches and bells, both Close and Third.^ — Cumuscach 
Ua hEroduin,® head of the poor of Ireland, after most 
excellent penance rested in peace. — Ragnall Ua 
Madadhain, royal heir of Ailech, was slain by his own 
[tribesmen]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. [1075] 

1075. Godfrey, son of Amhlam, son of Eaghnall, king of 
Ath-cliath ; Cinaeth Ua Conbeathad, chief of Cenel- 
Binnigh, died. — A hosting by Tairrdelbach and by the 
Half of Mogh^ into the Half of Conn, till they reached 
Ath-fhirdeadh, so that the Airgialla inflicted the defeat 
of Ard-Monain upon Muircertach Ua Briain, a place where 



whole of the city. Armagh consisted 
of the Fort, or Close { locum in alto 
positum, Book of Armagh, fol. 20 d), 
and suburbs (^sttbiirbana ejus, ib.) 
The latter were called Thirds from 
their number. See Eeeves, Ancient 
Churches of Armagh, p. li. 

^ Ua hBroduin, — Another obit, evi- 
dently from a different source, is given 
by the Four Masters at 1075. In it Ua 
hEroduin is called Abbot of Armagh. 

1075. ^Half of Mogh — The 
Southern half of Ireland. So called 
from Mogh Nuadat (whose first 
name was Eogau Taidlech), father of 
Ailill Olum, the father of Eogan 
Mor (named from the grandfather), 
eponymous head of the Eoganachts. 
(L.L. p. 319 b). 



^Niffhts. — Night, the context shows, 
in these Annals and elsewhere, some- 
times signifies by synecdoche the 
vvx^'nMP'"'' Period, from nightfall 
to nightfall (cf. se^n-night,foi'tmght'). 
Festiva sancti Columbae nox et so- 
lemnis dies nos invenit valde tristifi- 
catos (Adamnan, Vita Col., iii. 45). 
Here the singular shows that nox and 
dies are taken collectively. The 
Tripartite Life of St. Patrick men- 
tions the fortg nights of Lent (Part 
ii). The same expression glosses 
forty nights in the Senchas Mor (i. 
196). The Book of Armagh (folio 
18 c) has three nights (that is, nights 
and days). See Ideler, Handbuch der 
math. u. tech. Chronologic, Berlin, 
ISiio, vol. i. p. 79 sq. 



28 



aMMCClCC UlCCDtl. 



biY 



A 46c 



B43d 



btia in-b|iiain, "du i coiaciaaruii ile. — T)onncaT> hUa Ca- 
Tianna[i]n,|^i [Cemuil-JConaiU, occiy^uf' efc. — "Oomiiall, 
TnaclTluyicafia, yii CCca-cliau, do ec -do gaUria^iii n-OTDce. 
— "Oomtiall hUa CamT)elba[i]n 'Domal^ba'D no CCiyigial- 
laib. 

(Cal. Ian. ui. p, I. ccx. i., CCnno T)OTnini rn." la;x.''ui.° 
^aipbeiu bUa Innyieccais, 1^1 bUa-ITlei-c, 'PeiiaiB 
TTIiTie; ^illa-Cfiifc bUa | "DuibDapa, ^ii pep-Trianac, 1 
n-T)aim-inif la piiau-TTIanac, occifi -punc. — "Domnall 
hUa C|iica[i]n, fii hUa-pacyiac CC^iva-ytiaia, 7 aifi ime 
7)0 mafibafi 'D'Uib-'CuiiiT;ifii 7 "do Ceniul-m-binms 
^Linni. — nnuiaca'D, Tnac 'Plainn bUi UlaiL-Seclainn, 1^1 
'Cemp.ac ppi i^e cpi n-oixici, "do nfiajiba'D 1 cloiccriuc 
Cen|ann fa vo mac tnic TTlaela[i]n, \it ^cfilenj. — Sloige-D 
la 'CaiiafiTielbac 1 Connact;u, co t:ainic^iai Connacc 1 n-a 
cec, non, RuaiT)!!! bUa Concobaiia. — TTlai'Dm belat; yiia 
n-CCe-D hUrt TTlael-Seclainn 7 ifiia peiaaiB ITliiili-l'fia 
•poyi Ciannact;[a], co fiolaxi a n-'oeiasdifi. — Cele, macT)on- 
Tiaca[i]n, cenn cyiaba'D Giienti, in Cbjiiy^co qtiieiiic. — 
^opmlaiu, injen Ui phocafica/ben" 'Ca1ll|^•Delba15 bUi 
Opiain, T)o ec 

ICal. Ian. 1. p., I. 11., CCnno "Oomini m.° Ict." hii.° 
Sloige-Dla 'Caiyip'oealbac hUam-bpiain 1 n-bUib-Cemn- 
■pelaig, 5UiaiaocuibiT.i5 mac "Domnaill iiemaip, i-oon, p,i 
hUa-Ceinn-pelaig. — Tinacmicinnaela[i]n,i'Don\|ii5ailen5, 
■00 mafiba'o la TDael-Seclainn, la ^115 'Cemifiac. — hUa 
Lomsfig, xit T)al-CCiT.ai'oe, a f uif occipuf efc. — TTlutica'o 

A.D. 1076. ^cainig, A. '6cap,ca (p om., not being pronounced), B. 
^bean, B.— ^om., B. 
A.D. 1077. lom.,A. 



1076. 1 Nights.— See note 2 under 
) he preceding year. 

' Grandson of Maelan. — Tiger- 
rach says (a.d. 1076) bis name was 
A mlaim. TheJ patronymic ivas Ua 
Leochain. 

^ Stark slaughter. — Literally, red 
slaughter. 



* Cele. — Bishop of Leinster (Kil- 
dare), according to the Four Masters. 
They add that he died [probably, as 
pilgrim] in Glendalough. 



= Died.— In 
Innisf alien). 



Killaloe (Annals of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



29 



fell many. — Donnchadh Ua Canaanaiu, king of Cenel- [1075] 
Conaill, was slain. — Domnall, son of Murchadh, king of 
Ath-cliath, died of an illness of three nights.^ — Domnall 
Ua Caindelbain was killed by the Airgialla. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 2lRt of the moon, A.D. [1076] Big. 
1076. Gairbeith Ua Innrechtaigh, king of Ui-Meith, by 
the Men of Meath ; Gilla-Crist Ua Duibdara, king of 
Fir-Manach, in Daim-inis by the Fir-Manach, were slain. 
— Domnall Ua Cricain, king of Ui-Fiacrach of Ard-sratha, 
— and slaughter [took place] around him — was killed by 
the Ui-Tuirtri and by the Cenel-Binnigh of the Glen. — 
Murchadh, son of Flann Ua Mail-Sechlainn, king of Tara 
for the space of three nights,^ was killed in the steeple of 
Oenannus by the grandson of Maelan,^ king of Gailenga. — 
A hosting by Tairrdelbach into Connacht, so that the 
king of Connacht, namely, Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair, came 
into his house. — The defeat of Belat [was inflicted] by 
Aedh Ua Mael-Sechlainn and by the Men of Magh-Itha 
upon the Ciannachta, so that stark slaughter' of them 
was inflicted. — Cele,* son of Donnacan, head of the piety 
of Ireland, rested in Christ. — Gormlaith, daughter of Ua 
Focarta[King of Eili],wife of Tairrdelbach Ua Briain,died.^ 



Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. 
1077. A hosting by Tairrdelbach Ua Briain into Ui- 
Ceinnselaigh, so that he fettered the son of Domnall the 
Fab, namely, the king of Ui-Ceinnselaigh. — The grandson 
of Maelan,' namely, king of Gailenga, was killed by Mael- 
Sechlainn, [that is] by the king of Tara. — Ua Loingsigh, 
king of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by his own [tribesmen]. 
— Murchadh [son of Conchobar] Ua Mael-Sechlainn was 



[1077] 



1077. ^Grandson of Maelan 

Tigernach and the InnisfaUen Annals 
agree in placing the slaying of Mur- 
chftd's slayer at 107G. The former 



adds that it took place immediately- 
after the assassination ; the latter, 
before the end of two months. 



no 



ccMiiala ula-oTi. 



lillu inccel-SecLainn do Tnai^baTi o pejaaiB "Ceb^a. — 
Tnai-Dm TT1aile-T)eifi5i ^oia pefiu-ITlafiac fiia Cenel- 
Gojain 'Celca-o[i]5,' nu \ T;oiT.cfiax)Uyi' ile. — Colcu htla 
eiio'6a[i]n,* cenn bocc OCifi'De-Tinaca, in pace qui euit:. — 
CCiUbe, nisen iht) abax), ben° jiig CCiia-cep, 7 comaiT,ba 
TTloninne 7 5iUa-Pai:;iaaic, iai Caifippi-hUa-Ciaf.'oai, in 
pemtrencia mopun piinr;. — bUa Celeca[i]n, pitiomna 
CCipcep''7 Tluapc bUa CaTJUpaig, occipi punt;. 

jCal. Ian. 11. p., I. ocm., CCnno T)omini m." locx.° tiiii.° 
topcan, hua bpiain, -do ecailS. — teclobup" hUa t-aixig- 
nen, iTjon/ aip-opi CCipgiall,^ "do mapbat) la ■Ruai'opi 
hUa ■Rua'Daca[i]n. — Concobap hUa bpiain, pi 'Celca- 
6[i]c 7 pi-oamna Bpenn, -do mapba'D (it)" epc, cum pua 
uxope'') T)o CeneL-binni^ ^linni. — IDubepa, mgen 
CCnial5aT)a, comapba pacpaic, ben pi§ CCip^ep, -do ecaib. 
— "Oomnall, mac mic "Cigepnain, pi Con m acne ; Ca^ol, 
mac TDomnaiU, pi Ceniuil'-ennai, o Ceniul'-Gosain na 
hinnpi (i7)on,* im maT)mum Tnuisi-leine*"); Concubup 
hUa "Oonncatia, pinomna Caipil, occipi punr;. — TTIai'cm 
pop tlib-CpemT;ainn pia ^epaib pepnmuigi 1 Sleib- 
[pJuaiT;, 1 copcaip goll-clapai^ ez alii mulT;!-" CCp 
pop ConailliB pia n-t1ib-TTleic, 1 copcaip mac htli 
'CpeoT)a[i]n'', pi Conaille. 

" 'Celca-oc, B. ' — ■owfi, B. ^eiriti— , B. '^ bean, A. ^— ceaifi, A. 

A.D. 1078. lom., A. 2(Xiyvj5,aUa, A,B. =CeneJ.,B. ^TTlaisi-leane, 
B. "mutvn, B. "'Che-p,OT)an, B — a aifi'Dfii CCitX5ial,t in teclobti-yi — 
archieing of Airgialla (was) Lethlobur, 1. m, , t. h,, A. ; om,, B. ''■i> 1. m., t, h,, 
A; r. m., t. h., B. 



^ Dmighter of the abhot. — O'Dono- 
vati (p, 910) equates Ailbe and the 
successor of St. Moninne (of Newry), 
and infers that this is an instance of 
a married woman being an abbess. 
But the text of the Fow Masters does 



not necessarily mean this. It can 
signify that Colcu, Aillbe and the 
abbess died. This is put beyond doubt 
by the present entry, where the 
meaning is clearly that Aillbe and 
the abbess and Gilla-Patraic, all 



ASNALS OF ULSTER, 



31 



killed by the Men of Tebtha.— The defeat of Mail- 
derg [was inflicted] upon the Fir-Manach by the Cenel- 
Eogain of Telach-oc, a place where fell many. — Colcu 
Ua Erodhain, head of the poor of Ard-Macha, rested in 
peace. — Aillbe, daughter of the abbot/ wife of the king 
of the Airthir ; and the successor of [St.] Moninne ; and 
Gilla-Patraic, king of Cairpri-TJa-Ciardai, died in penance. 
— Ua Celecain, royal heir of the Airthir, and "Ruairc Oa 
Cadusaigh were slain. 



[1077] 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. 
1078. Lorcan, grandson of Brian [Boruma] died. — Leth- 
lobur Ua Laidhgnen, namely, archking of Airgialla, 
was killed by Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhacain. — Concobar Ua 
Briain, king of Telach-oc and royal heir of Ireland, was 
killed (together, namely, with his wife) by the Cenel- 
Binnigh of the Glen.^ — Dubesa, daiighter of Amhalgaidh 
successor of Patrick, wife of the king of the Airthir, died. 
— Domnall, son of Mac Tigernain, king of Conmacni; 
Cathal, son of Domnall, king of Cenel-Ennai, by Cenel- 
Eogain of the Island fnamely, in the defeat of Magh- 
Leine) ; Concobur Ua Donnchadha, royal heir of Cashel, 
were slain. — A defeat [was inflicted] upon the Ui- 
Cremtainn by the Men of Fern-magh on Sliab-[F]uait,^ 
wherein fell GoU-claraigh and others many. Slaughter 
[was inflicted] upon the Conaille by the Ui-M'eith, 
wherein fell the son of Ua Treodain, king of Conaille. 



[1078] 



three, died in penance ; very probably 
at Armagh. Colcu was perhaps the 
brother of Cumusach Ua hEroduin, 
who died in 1074, supra. 

1078. ^ Cenel- Binnigh of the Glen. 
— How it happened that O'Brien was 
slain by this TjTone sept appears from 
the Annals of Innisfallen, which state 
that he had received the kingship 



in Cenel-Eogain (was crowned in 
TuUaghoge). Thej' add (without 
mention of the wife) that the slayer 
was slain straightway, and that Ken- 
nedy O'Brien received the Idngship. 
^ Sliab-[F '\uait. — Mount {F]uat. 
— The infected'y {fK) was omitted 
in pronunciation. — " Slevfuaid," C. 



32 



aMMcclcc ulccoti. 



A4Cd 
B 44a. 



I jcal. Ian. m.p., l. xX;iiii., CCnrioT)omiTii TTl.°lxx.° ix.° 
Ceallac hUa Ruatia'Da, aia7)ollam Gjienn ; Cu-TYli'oe) 
mac rnic Lo|ica[i]n, iai ■peianmuigi ; mac ^i^'-^i'-'OiS'^s 
TiUi Loifica[i]n, fecnap CCffDa-TYl aca ; mac Cuinti, cenn 
bocc Cluana-mac-'Noi-p, quieuepunc"' in pace." 

fcal. Ian. [i]u. -p., I. u., CCnno 'Oomini ITl." bcxoc.," 
T)onn hUa l,eT:lobu[i]ia', pi pefin-muigi, vo mapba'D -do 
Til1i15-La€en i Sleib-['p]uaic. — hUa Cia]fiTia[i],]ii Caipbfie, 
moiit;u[u]f efz. — CeaUac, comaifiba paTpaic, nacuy> 
efc. — TDeiabpoiagaill/ ingen mic bpiain, ben 'X)^a'(lma■ca, 
mic 1TlaiL-na-mbo, ■do ecaib i n-1mbg. — Gocai'D hUa 
ITleiili^, 1^1 fleiin-muisi, 7)0 mapba-o pefi T)oUim. — 
"Donnfleibe hlla eoca'oa "do vul ipn ITlumain co 
maicib Ula-D laif, aiT, cenn i;uayiUfcail. — inaiT)m CCm- 
epgail 1 caeB Clocaiia pop ■pepu^'-Tnanac pia n-"OomnaU 
hUa Loclainn 7 pia peiaailj Tnuigi-lca, 1 cop,cpaT)Up^ 
inspniTiciTie CCpxia-Tn aca,' i-oon, Sicpiuc hlln Coema[i]n 
7 mac Neill hUi Sheppail" ev alii : 

1 n-tiion5Tiac laeic a ce-fiBaiT) ; 
SocaiTDe bef cen mtiiam 
"O'lotnsuin CCca-Giagail.") 

A.D. 1079. i^iiMa— ,A.— "•'tnori.iunctiTV, C. 

A. D. 1080. 1— baiti, B. ^TDeayiborisaiUCp om.), B. ^PefiaiB— , B. 
* — ■DOTi, B. ^mriaca om., B. '' peaiiifiais, A. — »■" oa text space, n. t. h,, A; 
om., B. 



1079. ^ Ceallach JJa Ruanadlia . 
Cu-Midhe. — "CenacliO'Euaiiaa,arch- 
poet of Ireland, Cumie,'' etc., C. The 
infectetl d (dh) in Ruanadha and Cu- 
Midhe (Hound of Meath) was not 
pronounced. For Ua Ruanadha 
(O'Eooney) see Todd Lectures, Ser. 
iii, Lect. ii. 



^ GiUa-Dlgde Devotee of (St.) 

Jjiffde (Yirgin). One of the name is 
given in the Martyrology of Tallaght 
at Jan. 6 ; another, at Apr. 25. 



^ [ilael-Chiarains, Devotee of (St.) 
Ciarari]. — Supplied from the Four 
Masters. See Christian Inscriptions, 
pp. 66-7. 

1080. '^Sliah [FJmo*.— "Slevuaid, 
id est, Mountaine," C. 

^ Through treachery. — " By sleight," 
O. 

^Nobles. — Literally, worthies. 

'For the sake of stipend. — The 
translator of C. correctly renders : " to 
bring wages." They were condottieri, 
in fact, 



ANNALS oy ULSTER, 



33 



Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. [1079] 
1079. Ceallach' Ua Ruanadha, chief bardic professor of 
Ireland ; Cu-Midhe/ grandson of Lorcan, king of Fern- 
magh ; the son of Gilla-Digde^ Ua Lorcain, vice-abbot of 
Ard-Macha; [Mael-Chiarain]' the son of Conn, head of 
the poor of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested in peace. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 5th of moon, A.D. 1080. [losoBis.] 
Donn Ua Lethlobuir, king of Fern-magh, was kiUed by 
the Ui Lathen on Sliab-[F]uait.^ — Ua Ciardai, king of 
Cairbri, died. — Ceallach [Celsus], successor of Patrick, 
was born. — Derbfhorgaill, daughter of the son of Brian 
[Boruma], wife of Diarmait, son of Mail-na-mbo, died in 
Imlech. — Eochaidh Ua Merligh, king of Fern-magh, was 
killed through treachery.^ — Donnsleibhe Ua Eochada went 
into Munster with the nobles' of LTlidia alons with him 
for the sake of stipend.*— The defeat of the Ford of Ergal 
by the side of Clochar [was inflicted] upon the Fir-Manaeh 
by DomnaU Ua Lochlainn and by the Men of Magh-Itha, 
wherein fell the persecutors'" of Ard-Macha, namely, 
Sitriuc Ua Coemain and the son of Niall Ua Serraigh 
and others : 

(The Ford of Ergal [it is], 

Wherein heroes cause" the dispersing ; 

A multitude shall be "without delight 

From the conflict of the Ford of Ergal.) 



The Annals of Innisf alien, at 1078, 
state that Donnsleibhe was dethroned 
and went to O'Brien, his place being 
taken by (Aed) Meranach Ua 
Eochadha. 

^The persecutors (ingrinntidel^ij), 
— O'Conor, to whom nothing appa- 
rentlj' presented any difficulty, reads 
in grainutide Ard, and translates by 
Granarii cusfos Ai^machanus I The 
translator of C. taking his text to 
be = 4 n-glinntib, renders it : " in the 
valleys, '' 



^ Wherein heroes cause In the 

original, in-diongnat laeich; which the 
Four Masters, according to O'Donovan, 
transcribe in drong naittlaic. The 
editor, however, renders the words [?] 
by " people shall hereafter be there (dis- 
persed)" ! Furthermore (to judge from 
the printed text), they give the verse in 
two lines, ending respectively in oterS- 
haid and Erghail. But it is a quatrain 
in Rannaihacht hec gairet, — hepta- 
syllabic lines ending in dissyllables. 
The metre is called gairet (short'), 
C 



34 



CCMMCClCC WlCCDtl. 



B44b 



A 47a 



ICal. 1an. «1. p., I. x.ui., CCnno "Oommi m." Ixxx." i." 
nriac Inseippce, p Conaille, -do tnafiba-D o 'PeiaaiB- 
Pefiii-TTiuili. — Tna[cJ C|iaic hUa Oca[i]n, moiiae Ceni'uil- 
Pep^uy^a' ; TTlaelmi^i^ hUa KTlaelifitianaig, |ii hUa- 
'Cuip.ciii, CeneL-biTini5 5^inni ; TiUrc tlacmtifia[i]n/ 
Tii 12ep-ti, occifi ipunt;. — liUa TTla-csamna, |ii Ula-D x»o 
mapba-D la hUa n-eocaxia i n-T)un-'Da-lec5laf. — '^illa- 
Ciaone, tiafalfacaiit; CCii7)a-Tri aca ; TiUa Tloba|it;ai5, 
aiyicinnec CotToeyie" ; piann hUa topca[i]n, uafalfacaiaT: 
Losbaiti, in peniT;en7:ia -ooifiniiefionT;. — Coiacac co n-a 
cemplait) 7 Ceall-T)a-ltia ab igne 'Dif[f]ipat;a[e] func. 

jcal. 1an. tUL-pvl-crac. tin., CCnno "Domini TH." kca;x.°ii.° 
^illa-Cfiiipc hUa IfYl aelpabaill, fii Caifiyice-biaacai'tie ; 
I pnncaxi, mac CCmalsaxia, T;oifec Cloinne-Ofiefail ; 
"Domnall, mac Concobuip. hUi biaiam ; Cacal, mac CCe-oa 
hUi Concobaifi' ; piaicbeificac bUa nnaeLaT)tiin, yii 
Luilfig; lliT>ifiin, mac TTlael-lflluitiej coifec Ceniuil- 
•pei^a'oaig,^ omneip occifi fun-c. 

("OomnabV TTlac 'Cai'Dg hUi Concobaip, pi7)amna 
Connacc, t)0 mayiba-o la Ca^al hUa Concobaifi r;i^ia 
■pell. — Cacal liUa Concobuiji vo cuiT;im hi ca€ la 
Ruai'DiT.i hUa Concobaifi, co focaTOC moip. tllme^) 

I jcal. 1an. i- ^.,1. ix., CCnno "Oommi Tn." Ixxx." 111.° 
"Oomnall hUa Cananna[i]n, fii Cenni[i]l-Conaill, a 
fmy occifUf efc. — OCc'd hUa TTlael-Seclamn, fii CC1I15 ; 

A.D. 1081. 'Ceniut — , A. 2— maifvan, B. ^Connerve, B. 
A.D. 1082. ^— bturi, B. ^Cenel— , B.—^-'^f. m., n. t. h., A; om., B; 
given in C. 
A.D. 1083. iCeneJ/—, B. 



because the opening line is (four syl- 
lables) short of the normal number. 
See Todd. Led., uhi sup. 

1081. ^ Steward. — Here again, the 
Four Master's change rmdre of the 
Ulster Annals into tigliema (lord). 



^ Va Mathc/amna. — This entry is 
at variance with the Ulidian regnal 
list (L.L., p. 41), in making Ua 
Mathgamna king. The correct ver- 
sion is probably that of the Annals 
of Innisfallen, in which it is stated 



ANNALS OF tJLSTER. 



35 



Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 16th of the moon, a.d. 

1081. Mac Ingerrce, king of Conaille, was killed by the 
Men of Fern-magh.— Ma[c] Craith Ua Ocain, steward' of 
Cenel-Fergusa ; Maelmithigh Ua Maelruanaigh, king 
of Ui-Tuirtri, by the Cenel-Binnigh of the Glen; TJa 
TJathmarain, king of Fir-Li, were slain.— Ua Mathgamna,^ 
king of Ulidia, was killed by Ua Eochadha in Dun-da- 
lethglas. — Gilla-Crone,' eminent priest of Ard-Macha ; Ua 
Robartaigh, herenagh of Condere; Flann Ua Lorcain, 
eminent priest of Lughbaid,* slept in penance. — Cork 
with its churches and Cell-da-lua were wasted by fire. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. 

1082. Gilla-Crist Ua Maelfhabaill, king of Carraic- 
Bracaidhe ; Finnchadh, son of Amhalgaidh, chief of 
dann-Bresail ; Domnall, son of Conchobur Ua Briain ; 
Cathal, son of Aedh Ua Conchobair ; Flaithbertach Ua 
Maeladuin, king of Lurg; Uidhrin, son of Mael-Muire, 
chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, were all slain. 

(Domnall ,' son of Tadhg Ua Concobair, royal heir of 
Connacht, was killed by Cathal Ua Concobair through 
treachery. — CathaP Ua Concobair fell in battle'' by 
Euaidhri Ua Concobair, with a great multitude around 
him.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 9th of the moon, a,d. 

1083. Domnall Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, 
slain by his own [tribesmen]. — Aedh Ua Mael- 



flOSl] 



was 

that Gall-na-gorta Ua Mathgamria 
■was slain in Downpatrick by Donn- 
sleibhe Ua Eochadha. 

^ Gilla- Crone, — Devotee of (St.') 
Crone (Virgiti). Seventeen of the 
name are given in the Homonymous 
Lists of Saints in the Book of Leinster 
(p. 369 a). 

^ Priest of Lughbaid. — The Annals 
of Innisfallen say he was lector of 
Emly. 



The Four Masters reverse the order 
of this and the preceding obit, and state 
(doubtless by an error of transcription) 
that Ua Eobartaigh (O'Koarty) was 
herenagh of Louth. 

1082. ^Domnall; Cathall— These 
two bracketted items are found in 
Tigernach and the Annals of Boyle. 

^ Fell in battle The so-called An- 
nals of Loch Ce (adan.) state that O'Co- 
nor died a natural death {mortuus est). 



[1082] 



[1088] 



36 



ccNNata ulaTDJi. 



TTluipcefirac hUa Caifiill, aificintiec "Ouin, y^ui bjae^erfi- 
nacca 7 ipeancaif; Ta^g^ hUa "Cam^, aiificinnec CiLle- 
va-lua, in pace quieuefiunt;. — ^SiUa-ITloninne, aiiacinnec 
Lujbai^, occifUf* efv. — CCe-o TTleiaanac "oo bccco'o ac 
ttiimniuc. — R^ Ceni«il-ennai* -do maiaba'D la 'Donnca'D 
hUa Triael-Secluinti, la ifiig ri-CCilil. — T)onnTiall hUa 
Loclamn -do jabail 11151 Cemuil-eosain. Ciaec yiig 
laif poyi Coiiaillit5, co cue bo|ioina mofi 7 co caKiai-o 
tjuafiuipcal 7)'on cpeic fin no pe^aib pepn-muisi. 

iW-'i ICal. 1an. 11. p, I. xx., OCnno "Domini 171." Ixxx." 1111.° 
'Oonnca'b hUa THaelftianais, peixfecuroyi aec[c]leipia- 
tvum, "DO maifiba'D eteyi co|ip 7 anmain pepaib-Loifg. — 
^lenn-'oa-loca, cum fuif cemplifj-Dolofcaf). — ITluiiaeTpac 
hUa Cecnen, aificinnec Cluana-Goif, tjo ecc. — Slogax) 
la DonnfleiBe, \i\ UIo'd, co "OpocaTj-n-CC^a, co capai; 
ruafUfcal -oo mac Cailig hUi "Ruaipc Cpec la T)oiYi- 
nall hUa Loclamn t;a|\ a eif 1^ n-Ullt;ail5, co t;ucfac 
bojioma mop. — Sloga'S la pepu TTluman 1 1111x167 ^V 
pop an pluaga'D pin a^bau Concobup bUa Ce7:paca. 
T)ocuacup^ Conmacne 1 'Cuac-1Humain cap a n-eipi, 
co poloipcpecDUine^ 7 cella* 7 co pucpac cpeic- — TTlai'Dm'' 
TTlona-Cpuineoice"' pia tec TTlosa pop 'Donnca'D hUa 
Tluaipc, 1 copcaip hUa Tluaipc (I'Don," 'Donnca'D, mac 

'Tai'DS, B. -i— ^up, B. ^Cetiiut— , B. 

A.D. 1084 > a, B. ^-^a.f\,B. s-oune.B. 'ceaUa, B. ^batvi-b,B. 
— ""'' Ccrc mona-cfiuinneosi — Battle of Moin-cruiimtogi — is placed on left 
margin, n. t. h., opposite these words, A. '■■'' itl., t. h., A ; om., B. 



1083. 1 Eerenagh. — Tigernach 
and the Innisfallen Annals call 
him, probably with justice, Comarha 
(=bishop). 

^ Aedh Mermiach. — Aed the 
furious. Tigernach calls him Ua 
Eochadha, King of Ulidia. (See 
1080, note 4, supra; from which, 
taken with present entry, is to be 
corrected the list of Kings in L.L. (p. 



41 d), in which two years are as- 
signed to his reign. The scribe mis- 
took u for it.) 

His being drowned at Limerick 
shows that Aed, like Donnsleibhe, 
was in the service of O'Brien. 

" Royal foray. — An idiomatic ex- 
pression, signifying the first expedition 
made by a king after his inaugura- 
tion. 



Annals of ulster. 



37 



Sechlainn, king of Ailech ; Muircertach Ua Cairill, 
herenagh of Dun, doctor of jurisprudence and of history ; 
Tadhg Ua Taidhg, herenagh' of Cell-da-lua, rested in 
peace. — GiUa-Moninne,herenaghof Lughbaidh, was slain. 
— Aedh Meranach* was drowned at Limerick. — The king 
of Cenel-Ennai was killed by Donnchadh Ua Mael- 
Sechlainn, [that is] by the king of Ailech. — Domnall Ua 
Lochlainn took the kingship of Cenel-Eogain. A royal 
foray^ [was made] by him upon Conaille, so that he took 
away great cattle-spoil and gave stipend out of that foray 
to the Men of Fern-magh. 



[1083] 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1084 Bis. 
1084!. Donnchadh Ua Maelruanaigh, persecutor of 
churches, was killed, both body and soul,^ by the Men of 
Lurg. — Glenn- da-locha, with its churches, was burned. — 
Muiredhach Da Cethnen, herenagh of Cluain-eois, died. — 
A hosting by Donnsleibhe, king of Ulidia,^ to Drochat- 
atha, so that he gave stipend to the son of Cailech Ua 
Ruairc. A foray [was made] by Domnall Ua Lochlainn 
after him' into Ulidia, so that they took away great 
cattle-spoil. — A hosting by the Men of Munster into 
Meath, and it is upon that hosting died Concobur Ua 
Cetfatha. I'he Conmacni went into Thomond after them,* 
so that they burned forts and churches and took away 
spoil. — The defeat of Moin-cruinneoice [was inflicted] by 
the Half of Mogh upon Donnchadh Ua Ruairc, wherein 
fell Ua Ruairc (namely, Donnchadh, son of Cailech 
Ua Ruairc) and Cennetigh Ua Briain and others most 



1084. ^ Both body and soul. — 
Literally, between body and soul. 
That is, that he was either captured 
and put to death without benefit of 
clergy ; or killed in the act of dese- 
cration. 

^Donnsleibhe, King oj Ulidia — 



That is, Ua Eochadha. See a.d. 
1080, note i, supra. 

' After him. — That is, whilst Donn- 
sleibhe was absent on the expedition. 

* A/ier them. — When, namely, the 
Munatermen were gone to Meath. 



38 



CCNNalCC UlCCDtl. 



Cailig hUi Ruaitic') 7 Cenne'cig hUa bjiiain ec alii 
pluifiimi (hi° quaific'oecim'^ jcalann Nouimbfiif"). — "Ooni- 
nall hUa ^ailmfie-Dais t)0 mapbaT) do "Domnall hUa 
Loclainn. — ^lUa-pacpaic, e^poc CCua-clicrc, "do haca'T).^ 
(noc° anno ecclefia Sancc[a]e Quince ve Tlofoipp- 

jcal. Ian. 1111." p., I. 1., CCnno 'Domini m.°lccxx.° u.° 
TTlac 801II15, aificinnec 1nnfi-cain-T)e5a; Ugaifie hUa 
B44o LaiTignenjaiificinnec | ■peiina;5oiam5altoi5fec, comaiiba 
|ieclefabp.i5,ce 1 n-CCj^'o-ITlaca, fui" 1 n-ecnayi ciaabaT)"; 
TTIael-fneccai, mac Lulaig, p TTloiyieb; Cleipec hUa 
SelbaiTi, aiificmnec Co|icai5i\ fuam uicam pelicicefi 
•p1n1el^tlnI;. — TYIuiica'D hUa maelDopai'D, -pi Ceniw[i]L- 
Conaill; "Domnall, mac TTlael-Coluim, fii CClban ; 
TYluiiT.e'Dac, mac TluaiT>iT.i htJi Hua'oaca[i]n ; hUaljajac 
hUa Huaitic, p-TOomna Connacc; Oenguip hUa CainT)el- 
ba[i]n, yii Loe^uiifii/ fuam uicam mpelicireia •pmiep.unc. 

A 47b I ]Cal. Ian. u. p., I. ecu., CCnno "Domini nn.°lccxcc.° «i.° 

TTlael-lfU hUa Opolca[i]n, fui in ecnai 7 in cpabaT) 7' 

"•"l. m.,t. h., A; om., B, C. ■> .x.1111., MS. «"=!. m., u. t. h., A; om., B. 

A.D.1085.^ — aiTieiB. " — ailie, B ».uii.,B. The scribetookthe first two ii. 
of 1111. foru., a mistake of frequent recurrence, ''■''pui ^'n■o ecnai 7 in citabaTD 
— master of wisdom and of piety, B. 



= The lith The Four Masters 

(ad are.) say the ith of the Kalends 
[Oct. 29]. They overlooked x. in the 
xiiii. of their original (MS. A). 

^ Gitla-Patraic. — Devotee of [St. ] 
Patnch. He was consecrated in 
London in 1073 by Lanfranc, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, in accordance 
with the request of the Dublin 
clergy. He made a profession to 
Lanfranc, from whom he received 
letters dignas valde memoriae (Ap- 
pendix to Anglo-Saxon Chronicle), to 
be delivered to the kings of Ireland. 



' This year, etc. — Given in Irish in 
the Four Masters. 

8 A (.—Literally, of. Of the twelve 
given in the Homonymous Lists (L.L. 
p. 369b), the Saint intended was most 
probably Fainche of Lough Eee, whose 
feast was Jan. 1 (Mart. Tal., L.L. p. 
355 e). 

1085. ^ Supenor Literally, sttc- 

cessor ; but employed here and 
elsewhere in the secondary sense of 
superior (abbot, or bishop, or both). 
Gormgal was an abbot. 

- Mael-snechtai. — His name occurs, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



39 



numerous (on the 14th^ of the Kalends of November [Oct. 
19]. — Domnall Ua Gailmredhaigh was killed by Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn. — Gilla-Patraic/ bishop of Ath-cHath, was 
drowned. 

(This'' year the church of Saint Fuinche [Fainche] at^ 
Rosoirrther was founded.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 1st of the moon, a.d. [loss] 

1085. Mac Soillig, herenagh of Inis-cain of [St.] Daig ; 
Ughaire Ua Laidhgnen, herenagh of Ferns ; Gormgal 
Loigsech, superior^ of the establishment of Brigit in Ard- 
Macha, eminent in wisdom and in piety; Mael-snechtai,^ 
son of Lulach, king of Moray; Cleirech TJa Selbaidh, 
herenagh' of Cork, felicitously finished their hfe. — Mur- 
chadh [Ja Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill ; Domnall, 
son of Mael-Coluim, king of Scotland ; Muiredach, son of 
Ruaidhri Ua Ruadacain ; Ualgarc Ua Ruairc, royal heir 
of Connacht ; Oengus Ua Caindelbain, king of Loeghaire, 
infelicitously* finished their life. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5tli feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. [i0861 

1086. Mael-Isu Ua Brolcain,^ master of wisdom and of 



as grantor of land to [St.^ Drostan, 
in the second Gaelic charter in the 
Booh of Dia/r (a ninth cent. Evan- 
gelistarium in the Puhlic Lihrary, 
Cambridge). His obit was thus 
doubtless recorded in the Columban 
Annals; whence it passed into the 
present Chronicle. 

^Herenagh — The Annals of Innis- 
f alien call him Comoria, i.e., successor 
of [Finn-]barr ; that is, bishop of Cork. 

*Infelicitausly. — That is, suddenly 
or by violence. 

1C86. ' Mael-Isu Ua Brolcain — 
Of Mael-Isu's poems in the native 
tongue, that in the Book of Hymns, 
with the rubric Mael-Isu dixit, may 
perhaps be reckoned as oije. It con- 



sists of three quatrains, praying to the 
Holy Ghost through Christ. The final 
distich embodies well the Filioque 
clause of the Nicene Creed : 

A Isu, ronnoeba, 
Ransoera do iSpirut. 

" O Jesus! may Thy Spirit us sane, 
tify, us save." 

Another is contained in the Telloio 
Booh ofLecan (a MS. in the Librarj' 
of Trinity College, Dublin, classed 
H. 2, 16), col. 336, with the heading 
Mael-Isu [MS. form is Ihu.'jhVa Brol- 
chain cecinit. It is an invocation of 
the Archangel Michael in nine stanzas. 

A third is given in Lehar Brec 
(Lith. ed., p. 101), with the inscrip- 



40 



CCMMCClCC UlOCDtl. 



1 ■pili'DGcc' 1^ ni-beialai 
emif ir : 



cect;a|iT)ai, fuum' ■ppiyiicum 



SepcicitTi' jcalann pebpa, 
ClCiT)ci peile pupfa pnn, 
CCDbccn TTlael-lfi^a hUa biaolca[i]n, 
CCc ! cia 'oanac cfiom cam cinn ?" — 

TTlael-Seclainn htla Pa3la[i]n, a^loec cogaToi ; TTlac- 
beccca'D hUa Concobuiifi, pi Ciapai'De ; Gp.ca'D hUaTTlael- 
■po5amai|i, Qfi-oepfcop Connacc ; TTlael-Coemsin, uapal- 
eppcop 1110X1 ; 'Piacn aU e Uona[i]n, aipcinnec Cloana- 
'DoLca[i]n,in pace -Dopmieptint;. — CCTfialgai'D, mac Ruai-opi 
hUi Rua'baca[i]n, -do mapba'D do fJepaiB pepti-mui^i. — 
'Caipp-oelbac* bUa bpiain, pi epenn, "oo ec i Cinn-copa'D, 
lap mop mapcpa 7 lap n-ai^pigi poca 7 lap comailc 
CoippCpipT:7 a ■phoba, 1 PpiT) 1t) luil, ipin peccma-D' 
blia-oain peccmogmaxi'' a aipi : 

CCit)ci° Tnaipc, 1 PpiT) 1c Itiil, 
1 peit lacoib co n-^lanpuin, 
1 nomoT)'' picec, anbac 
In c-aip-opig cenn, 'Cmpp'oelbac." 

A.D. 1086. "yiFitTOecca — andofpoetry,'Q. 2-2 m bep,tai — of the language 
B. ^Y'uam, A. * — neat — , A. "-"t. m., with relative marks, t. h.. A; om 
B — •'-''. till. tna'D bliaxjaim .l/xx. maT), A, B. 00m., B. ^ .ix., MS. (A). 



(ion Moel-Tsu liVa Brochcha[i]n 
ceciiiit. This is a bilingual rhymed 
prayer of seven stanzas to God the 
Son. The opening quatrain will 
best show the structure. Its singu- 
larity, no doubt, caused the chronicler 
to class the author as an adept " in 
poetry in either language.'' 

Deus mens, adjuva me, 

Tucc dam do sherc, a mic mo De, 

Tiicc dam do sherc, a mic mo De, 

Dens meus, adjuva me. 

(The second line means : Give to 
me Thy love (=love of Thee), Son 
of mj' God). 



From the foregoing it is evident 
why Ua Brolcain took the name of 
Mael-Isu — Devotee of Jesus. 

^ Night. — See 1075, note 2, supra. 

3 Fursa.—XVII. Kal. IFeb.'] Dor- 
mitatio[nis'] Fursei (Mart. Tal., L.L. 
356 b). For his Vision (Vol. I. p. 97 ; 
where he is erroneously styled bishop), 
see Bede, H. E. lii. 19. His death 
(Vol. I. pp. 109, 117) took place pro- 
bably in 650. 

* Alas! etc.— The original of this 
line is thus given by the Four Masters : 
AcTtt cidheadh nir trom tamk tinn 
(rendered by O'Donovan: "But, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



41 



piety and in poetry in either language, sent forth his 
spirit : 

The seventeenth of the Kalends of February [Jan. 16], 
The night^ of the feast of Fursa' fair, 
Died Mael-Isu TJa Brolchain, 

Alas* ! Tfrlio [is there] to whom it is not grievous plague sore? — 
Mael-Seohlainn Ua Foelain, lay-brother' select; Mac- 
beathad TJa Concobuir, king of Ciaraidhe ; Erchadh Ua 
Mael-fhoghamair, archbishop of Connacht [Tuam] ; Mael- 
Coemghin, archbishop of Ulidia [Down] ; Fiachna Ua 
Eonain, herenagh of Cluain-dolcain, slept in peace. — 
Amhalgaidh, son of Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhacain, was killed 
by the Men of Fern-magh. — Tairrdelbaoh Ua Briain, king 
of Ireland, died in Cenn-coradh, after much suffering and 
after long penance and after partaking of the Body of 
Christ and of His Blood, on the 2nd of the Ides [14th] 
of July, in the seventh year [and] seventieth of his age : 
The night of Tuesday,^ on the foreday of the Ides of July, 
On the feast of James^ of pure mind. 
On the ninth [and] twentieth^ [of the moon], died 
The stout archking, Tairrdelbach. 



[10861 



however, not of a heavy severe fit "). 
Thus misled, Colgan perpetuated the 
error : Nulla tamen infirmitate 
correptus {AA. S3., p. 108). His 
version has been adopted by O'Conor 
(note at a.b. 1086 in his edition of 
the Annals of Ulster). 

' Lay-brother. — Literally, ex-laic. 
The athloech was the laicus, or /rater 
conversus, of the Latia Monastic 
Rules: a monk who was neither in 
Holy Orders, nor bound to recitation 
of the Office. 

The (Penitential) Commutations (in 
Kawlinson B. 512, a MS. in the 
Bodleian Library, Oxford) have: 
Ai'ra na n-athlaech ocus na n-athlae- 



ces cetumus — The commutation of lay- 
brothers and lay-sisters (is to be set 
forth) first (folio 42 d). As Ua 
Foelain (O'Phelan) was member of » 
ruling family, his humility appeared 
remarkable in the selection of the 
lowest grade in the monastery. 

^ Tuesday. —July 14 fell on that 
day in 1086. For Hi(/kt, see 1075, 
note 2, supra. La (day) being mono- 
syllabic, a2<?cAt was employed here and 
in the preceding quatrain to produce 
a line of seven syllables. 

' On the feast of James. — The in- 
cidence of the festival is taken per- 
haps from the Calendar of OengUs 
(where the saint is called a bishop). 
B 



42 



aNNCCla ulotroli. 



B44d 



'Cai'Sc" imopiao/ a mac, "oo ec a cinn mif-^ — nnaiT)m 
na CpiTica po|x TTlael-SeaclainTi p-ia taignilS 7 fiia 
^allaiB, 1 TOpcaiii Tnael-Ciayia[i]Ti hUa Caxiurait, r>i 
bjfies ec abi mulci. — TTlai-Dm fiia n-CCii^ceiiaiB po|i 
UiB-Gcac/ 1 T:oiacaiia T)omnall htta CCcT;ei'D. — Tnai-Dm 
eocaiUe i^icc n-ULluaiB po|i 0Ci|i5iallu 7 poi^ Ua-Rua-o- 
aca[i]n, du 1 coiacaiifi Comufcac htla Laiuem, ]l^ Sil-^ 
T)uibci|xe 7 ^il-l-a-'moninne hUa eoca'oa, muiyie Cloitini- 
Sinaig ec aln mulci.^ 

Ical. Ian. ui- p, I. xx.111., CCnno T)omiTii TTl." Ixxx." 
uii.° 'OorriTiall, mac ^i^l-cc-Pa^f^ctic, |ii Ofiam^i, t)0 ec. — ^ 
Cocal htla Cecpaxia xio mayibax) "do taigtiiB- — Cu-ipleibe 
htla Ciaia'Da[i], pi Caiiabjie, a fuif occifu-p efv. — TYlael- 
Seclainn, mac Concobuifi, pi 'Ceamixac, -do mapba-o la 
Ppu "Cecba^ ] 1 mebait (iTJon" 1 n-CCyi'D-acai'D ©pfcoip 
TTlel^). — "Oomnall htlataicen vo mapba-o la "Oomnall, 
mac TTlic Loclainn. — Car (i'' Copunn") euep ■Ruai'opi 
htla Concobaip, pi Connacc 7 CCex) htla Ruaipc, pi 
Conmaicne, 1 T^opcaip CCex) , pi Conmaicne" 7 mairi Con- 
maicne. — Longup la macu mic Tlasnaill 7 la mac pi^ 
Ulat) 1 TTlanairin, -du 1 z:opcpa'DUp^ maic*mic Ragnaill. — - 
TTlep* mop in hoc anno. 

^"om., A. 'uefio, the Latin equivalent, B. ^ — Gacac, B. ^om., B. 

A.D. 1087. ■''Cecpa, A. ''-cjicrcafi, B. ^tnac, A. The omfesion of 
1 was doubtless an oversighl;. * meapy^, B. "-» itl., t.h., A ; om., B. ''■^ itl., 
t.h., A; TOon, 1 Coifiunn — that is, in Corann, r. m., t. h., B. "•'I'ooti, 
CCoT) — namely, Aedh, itl., t. h. over fvi Conmaicne, B. 



But it is not so found in the Hierony- 
mian Martyrologies (^Acta SS., Jun. t. 
vi., p. 1), some of which give St. 
James of Nisibis and St. James of 
Alexandria at July 15. 

^ Om the nintii [and] twentieth. — 
The Four Masters read lar ndd fichet 
adbath " after two (and) twenty died." 
But the change can be detected with 



certainty. The metre is Debide 
(consisting, namely, of heptasyllabic 
lines). The syllable short in the read- 
ing of the Four Masters accordingly 
betrays the line in question. The 
29th of the July moon coincided in 
1086 with the 14th of the solar 
month ; new moon having occurred 
on June 16. Not understanding to 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



43 



Taidhc, his son, also died at the end of a month. — 
The defeat of Crinach [was inflicted] upon Mael- 
Seehlainn by the Leinstermen and by the Foreigners, 
■wherein fell Mael-Ciarain TJa Cadhusaigh, kingofBregha 
and others many. — A defeat [was inflicted] by the 
Airthir upon the Ui-Echach, wherein fell Domnall Ua 
Atteidh. — ^The defeat of Eochaill [was inflicted] by the 
Ulidians upon the Airgialla and upon Ua Ruadhacain, a 
place wherein fell Cumuscach Ua Laithen, king of Sil- 
Duibhtire and GWla-Moninne Ua Eochadha, steward^ of 
Clann-Sinaigh and many others. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 23rd of the moon, a.d. 
1087. Domnall, son of Gilla-Patraic,^ king of Ossory, died. 
Cathal Ua Cetfada was killed by the Leinstermen. — Cu- 
sleibe Ua Ciardhai, king of Cairpri, was slain by his own 
[kinsmen]. — Mael-Sechlainn, son of Concobur, king of 
Tara, was killed by the men of Tebtha in treachery 
(namely, in Ard-achaidh of Bishop Mel). — Domnall Ua 
Laithen was kUled by DomnaUj son of Mao Lochlainn. — 
A battle [was fought] (namely, in Corann) between 
Ruidhri Ua Concobair, king of Connacht and Aedh Ua 
Ruairc, king of Conmaicni, wherein fell Aedh, king of 
Conmaicni and the nobles^ of Conmaicni. — A fleet [was led] 
by the grandsons of Ragnall and by the son of the king 
of UKdia into Manann,* a place where fell the grandsons 
of Ragnall. — A great crop this year. 



[108GJ 



[1087J 



•what the numerals had reference, the 
Four Masters changed them to sig- 
nify the regnal years (22) of the 
deceased. Herein, needless to add, 
they have been followed by O'Conor. 
O'Donovan renders the phrase " on the 
twenty-second" and makes no remark. 
^ Steward (muire). — Lord(tigherHa), 
Four Masters. 



1087i ' Gilla-Pairaic. — Died A.D. 
1055 {supra). 

^ Nobles. — Literally, good (men). 

3 Mannan. — " Id est. He of Man." 
0. The grandsons, there can be little 
doubt, were the sons of the Amhlam 
(Olaf) mentioned at 1075 {supra). 

D 2 



44 



ccNMaLcc tilaroti. 



(■Ciaaiiflacio^peliquiapum Sanca 14ic1iolauii hoc arino, 
fep^imo l-ouf TTlaii.'') 

bip» ]Cal. Ian. uii. f., L, 1111., CCntio "Domini TTl" ixxx° uiii.° 
Cacalan hUa poiaftei'o, f ui inT) ecnai 7 in cpabaTi, 1 t;eii[t;] 
Non TYlayica, 1 n-1mli5-il5ai|x, "Oia-'Oomtiais 1nic[e], in 
pace qtiieuit; : 

Cacalan^ in cpalSaiti coi|i, 
Oa fp-rnv famai'D^, ba fenoip, 
12oia nem, 1 n-a n -51^1 an an n-gle, 
Lui-D 1 peiL Ciapam Saigjae.'' — ■ 

Slogax) la 'Domnall, mac TTlic Loclainn, la fiiS n-CCilij, 
Ai7c 1 Connaccu, co capT) RuaiTi|ii | giallu Con n ace -do 7 co 
ri-'DeocaT)Uiat)iblinai15ifinirnumain,cofioloifcee Luimnec 
7 in macai|ie co Tiun-acev, co cucf ac leo cenn nnic Cailig 
7 CO yiococglaifec Cenn-cop,aTi7apaile. — 'Cigeiinac hUa 
Oi^oem, aiificinnecCluana-mac-Moif, in Chiaiipco quieuic. 
— CCp moi^pop ^allu CCca-cliau 7 toca-Capman 7 puip.c- 
Laiyip p,ia n-Uib-Gacac Tlluman ly^in-o 16 fiomiTiiaacufi 
Cofigais -DO ai^cam. — TTlael-lfU hUa ITlael-Shifiic, 
afiD-pile Gi^enn, t>o ec. 

(Tloc' anno nacof eye "CoiiaiaTielbac bUa Concobaip* 
|ii ©penn.") 

^ii n. t. h., A ; om., B; given in C. 

A.D. 1088. ^ Y-arhta is the genitive employed elsewhere in the 
Annals. — » om., B. ^-^ f . m., t. h., with corresponding reference marks, A ; 
cm., B. °°n. t. h., A ; om., B ; given in C. 

* Translation, etc. — The relics of 
St. Nicholas of Myra were carried 
off from the chnroh of Myra by 
some merchants of Bari, in Italy 
and placed in the church of St. 
Stephen at Bari, on the 9th of May, 
in this year. 

1088. ^ Sunday of the beginning [of 
Lent]. — 0'Conor,by an inexcusable 
blunder, renders this by Dominica 
in Quinquagesima. In 1088, Easter 



fell upon AprU 1 6. 
was, accordingly, Feb. 26. The 
first Sunday of Lent, as the text 
correctly states, coincided with the 
feast of St. Ciaran, March 5th. 
O'Donovan's Shrovetide Sunday 
{F. Jlf. p. 931), which is the same 
as O'Conor's Quinquagesima, was 
doubtless taten from C. 

^^JSlder — senior, — This bilingual 
(Hiberno-Latin) hendiadys is em-' 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



45 



(Translation* of the relics of Saint Nicholas [took place] [io87] 
this year, on the seventh of the Ides [9th] of May.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 4th of the moon, a.d. [lossjBis 
1088. — Cathalan Ua Forreidh, master of wisdom and of 
piety, on the third of the Nones [5th] of March rested 
in peace, in Tmlech-ibhair, the Sunday of the beginning [of 
Lent] :i 

Cathalan, the devotee just, 
He was a community elder^, he was a senior ;^ 
To heaven, into its sunny mansion bright, 
He went on the feast [March 5] of Ciaran of Saighir. — 
A hosting [vcas made] by Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, 
[namely] by the king of Ailech, into Connacht, so that 
Ruaidhrigave thepledges of Connacht to him and they went, 
both of them, into Munster, until, they burned Limerick 
and the plain as far as Dun-ached [and] carried away with 
them the head of the son of Cailech^ [Ua Ruairc] and 
razed Cenn-coradh and so on*. — Tighernach Ua Broein,^ 
herenagh of Cluaia-mac-Nois, rested in Christ. — Great 
slaughter [was inflicted] upon the Foreigners of Ath-cliath 
and of Loch Carman and of Port-lairgi by the Ui-Eachach 
of Munster, on the day they designed to pillage Cork. — 
Mael-Isu Ua Mael-Ghiric,^ archpoet of Ireland died. 

(This year' was born Toirrdelbach Ua Concobair, king 
of Ireland.) 



ployed to eke out the line. The 
sruth was the senior of the Latia 
Kule : a monk who acted as coun- 
sellor to the ahbot and spiritual 
director to the brethren. 

' Son of Cailech. — That is, Don- 
chad, son of Cailech O'Rourke, who 
was slain in the battle of Monecro- 
nock, CO. Kildare (supra, a.d. 1084). 
Tigemach {^sub eod. an.) states that 
his head was carried to Limerick. 

* And so on. — This expression 
signifies that the account which 



the compiler had before him was 
more diffuse. 

^ Tighernach Ua Broein. — The 
well-known compiler of the Annals 
of Tigemach. It seems strange that a 
curt obit like this is all that was de- 
voted to him in the present Chronicle. 

" Mael-Ghiric. — Devotee ofQuiricus 
(or Oricus), martyr, of Antioch : 
commemorated in the Calendar of 
Oengus, at June 16). 

' This year, etc. — Given in the 
Annals of Boyle under 1088, 



46 



CCMMCClCC UlCTOTl. 



B45a 



[Cal. Ian. 11. p., I., x. u., CCnnoT)omini 1TI.„ Idcxx.„ ix. 
Lufca T)o lofcaxi 7 noi^ pcic^ DUine 7)o lofcan 1 n-a 
T)aiTnliac o ■phepaib TTluman. — CealL-'oaiia "00 lorca-o 
reifi in hoc anno. — "Donncax*, mac "Oomnaill pemaiti, T^i 
Laigen, a f uif occiipuf epc. — TTluiiaceificac hUa Lai€ein, 
til 8il-T)uibuitie, 'DO ec. — Cuit; [cij^eifinaitje ^e\i petin- 
muigi 7 focaitie^ aiacena ■do mapba'o la hUiib-©cac^7la 
hUllco 1 Sleib-[-p]uaiT;. — "Oonnca-o, hua* 5illct-P«^T^«iC' 
1X1 Of iiaigi, a f uif occifUf efc. — 5ill[a]-pat;paic hUa Ce- 
leca[i]n, f ecnap CCp'oa-Tnaca, t)0 ec ai-oce Woclaic nio[i]i[x. 

]Cal. 1an. 111. p., I. xx. tii., OCnno "Donmni Tn.°xc.° 1'Don, 
blmxiain "Deiiaix)^ OsTjaca 7 inT) noca'onia'D blia'oain ap. 
mill ^em Cpifc. TTlael'DUin hUa Rebaca[i]n, comafiba 
niocuuu; Cian hUa buacalla, comapba Cainni^ 1 
CiannacT:[ai6], in Chpiipcopauipaueiaunt:. — TTlaelifiuanais 
hUa Caiifiella[i]n, mui|i6 Clainn!-T)iafimat;a; 5^lla- 
Cpifc hUa Lunig, mtiip,e Ceniuil-Tnaine, ryo mayiba'o 
1 n-aen lo pep "oolum o T)omnall hUa LocLamn. — 

A.D. 1089. ' fooai'Di, B. 2— dacac, A.— »-^ax. xx., A, B. ''mac — 
son, B. 

A.D. 1090. ' Tjeirieix), B. 



1089. 1 Were burned.— They had 
probably fled to the church for 
protection. 

2 Some of the nohility.- — Literally, 
a lordly portion. The Four Masters 
state that twelve tanists of noble 
tribes fell. (For the nohle andyi-ee 
tribes, see O'Donovan, Booh of 
Rights, pp. 174-5.) 

O'Oonor misreads the text 
Cuit Gernaide for Femmuighe and 
translates : Praelium Gernadiense 
contra Fernmoyenses, C has "the 
battle of Gernaide " ; but the 
battle was fought at Sliab-Fuait 
(the Fews mountains, oo. Armagh). 

' Grandson. — He was son of 
Pompall, who died 1087 (supra). 



1090. > Ogdoad.—O Conor trans- 
lates Ogdata by novae numerationis, 
with a reference to a.d. 963 (=:964), 
supra. At the place referred to, 
he renders Ian tadchoir hy plenaria 
numeratio poetica ; because, accord- 
ing to him, the Irish poets num- 
bered 500 years from St. Patrick's 
advent in 432 down to the year 963 ! 
This is scarcely worth refutation. 
Tadchoir is a well-authenticated 
word, meaning reversion, return (m 
fil taidchw — there is not return : na 
bid taidchw — let there not be re- 
turn. Wilrzburg Codex Paulinus, fol. 
3a). Hence, in a secondary sense, 
it signifies Cycle. The full Cycle 
means the great Paschal Cycle of 



ANNALS Olt- ULSTBK. 



47 



Kalends of J^n. on 2nd feria, 15th of tlie moon, a.d. [io89] 
1089. — Lusk was burned and nine score persons were 
burned^ in its stone church by the men of Munster. — - 
Cell-dara was burned thrice in this year.— Donnchadh, 
son of Domnall the Fat, king of Leinster, wal slain by his 
own [kinsmen]. — Muircertach Ua Laithen, king of Sil- 
Duibthire, died. — Some of the nobility^of themenof Fern- 
magh and a multitude besides were killed by the Ui-Echach 
and by the Ulidians on Sliab-[F]uait. — Donnchadh, 
grandson* of Grilla-Patraic, king of Ossory, was slain 
by his own [kinsmen]. — Gilla-Patraic Ua Celecain, vice- 
abbot of Ard-Macha, died on the night of great Christmas- 
Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 26th of moon, a.d. 1090 : [1090] 
namely, the final year of the Ogdoad^ and the ninetieth 
year above a thousand from the birth of Christ. Maelduin 
TJa Rebacain, successor of [St.] Mochutu ^ ; Cian Ua 
Buachalla, successor of [St.] Cainnech in Ciannachta,* 
reposed in Christ. — Maelruanaigh Ua Cairellain, steward* 
of Clan-Diarmata ; Gilla-Crist Ua Lunigh, steward* of 
Cenel-Maine, were killed on one day in treachery by 
Domnall Ua Lochlainn. — The stone church of the Relics* 



632 jeavB, as distinct from the solar 
and lunar cycles of 28 and 19 
respectively. It is fancifully em- 
ployed A.D. 963 (=964), supra, to 
denote that a period equal thereto 
elapsed from the coming of St. 
Patrick, in 432, down to that year. 
Ogdoad (oySoc^s) signifies the 
eight first years of the Cycle of 
Nineteen. (The remaining eleven 
were called Sendecad, li/SeKcJf .) The 
last year thereof being sufficiently 
designated by the epact, xxvi. , this 
formal identification -was super- 
fluous. It was taken apparently from 
the margin of a Paschal Table. (See 



Bede : De temp, rat., cap. xlvi. . De 
Ogdoade et Hendecade.) 
^ Successor oflSt.']Mochutu. — That 
is, bishop of Lismore, co. Water- 
ford. 

' Successor of \_St.2 Cainnech in 
Cianachta. — " I.e. abbot of Drum- 
achose, in the barony of Keenacht 
and CO. Londonderry." (O'Donovan, 
Four Masters, p. 938.) 

* Steward. — Muire ; lord (tigh- 
erna), Four Masters. 

^ Selics. — Literally, graves. From 
the Book of Armagh we learn that 
a procession took place thereto 



43 ccMtJccla ula"o1i. 

"Oaiiibac na pei[ica do lof caxi co cev" cai5i[b] ime. — Com- 
■oal ecep "OomnaU, mac ITlic loclmnn 7 TTltiificeyvcac 
hUa bfiiaiTi, \i^ Caifil7 maclpiaiTin hUi ITlael-Seclainn, 
|ii 'Cerlfifiach, co cap-T^fac a^ n-giaUu" tiili^ vo \l^^ (l^h%. 
('Caiulec''!i'Ua hegyia -do ep.gaSaiL'') 

ICal. Ian. 1111. p., I. uii., CCnno T)oTnini m.° xc." 1.° 
TnuticaT), mac mic "Domnaill pemaip, -do maiaba'o 1 
Aiid mel5ail la enna, mac "Oiaiamaca. — | In lei laficafiac 
-DO Raic CCp.T)a-maca' -do lopca'D.— "DonnfleiBe hUa 
Gocaxia, fii Ulax), -do majfibaxi la mac TTlic Loclamn, la 
tug O1I15, 1 m-belac ^oip^-i^'ibccifi 1 cau. — ITlac CCe-Da, 
mic Ruai-Sp-i, jii laiacaip Con[n]act;, 'do ec. — TTlael-lfU, 
comapba paT;]aaic, 1 qtnn-oecim" jcalann ©naip, in 
fenicencm^ quietut;. "Oomnall, mac CCmalsaxia, t)0 
oip.'one'D ipin ab-oame 1 n-a inaxi po cez;oip. — Olia'oain 
cifia puuac co n-Dejpm in bliaxiain pi. 

%-° ICal. Ian. «. p., I. x. uin., CCnno "Domini m.° occ.° 11.° In 
cpaib'oec hUa pollamain^ "do Con[n]ac^aib vo ba^uti. — 
Cluain-mac-Noip vo milliUT) la Ppu TTluman. — ■Ruai'opi 
hUa Concobuip, aip^pi Con[n]acT;, t)0 valluv la bUa 

^■^giatla (that is, the pers. pron. om.), A. 'tiile, A. — »c., A, B, 
t-'n. t. h., A ; om., B. Given in C. 

A.D. 1091. 1 CCiri'Dmaclia, A. — om, A.— » x.u,, A, B. 9 Kal. 
Januaru (Dec. 24), C. 
A.D. 1092. 1 poUorhain, B. 



every Sunday from the ehuTch in 
the Close. The prescribed Psalms 
are also given. Ifandamentum 
orationis in imaquaque die Dominica 
in Alto Maohae ad Sargif agum Mar- 
tyrum (glossed on centre margin, 
du ferti martur — to grave of relics) 
adeundum ab eoque revertendum : 
id est : jDomine, clamavi ad te [Ps. 
cxl.], usque in finem ; Ut quid, 
Deus, repulisti in finem ■ [Ps. Ixsiii. 
(usque in finem)] et Beati inmacu- 



lati [Ps. cxvui.], usque in finem; 
Benedictionis [-es, Dan. iii. 57-88] 
et XT. Psalmi Grraduum [Ps. oxix.- 
cxxxiii. ]. 

'' They. — Namely, Muircertaoh 
and the son of Mann. 

''King of Ailech. — That is, Dom- 
nall, son of Mac Lochlainn. 

8 Ua Eghra. — O'Hara, king of 
the Connaught Luighni ; slain in 
1095 by the Conmaicni of Duur 
more, co. Galway. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



49 



[in Ard-Macha] was burned, with one hundred houses [1090] 
therearound. — A meeting between Domnall, son of Mac 
Loohlaiiin, and Muircertach Ua Briain. king of Cashel 
and the son of Mann Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Tara, 
so that they^ gave all their pledges to the king of AilechJ 
(Taitlech Ua Eghra* was taken prisoner.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 7th of the moon, A.n. [1091] 
1091. — Murchadh, grandson of Domnall the Fat, was 
killed in treachery by Enna, son of Diarmait. — The western 
half of the Close of Ard-Macha was burned. — Donnsleibe 
Ua Eochadha,! king of Ulidia, was killed by the son of 
Mac Lochlainn, [namely] by the king of Ailech, in the 
" Pass of the Field of the Yew," in battle.— The son of 
Aedh, son of Euaidhri, king of the West of Connacht, 
died. — Mael-Isu, successor of [St.] Patrick, on the fifteenth 
of the Kalends of Januarj^ [Dec. 18]^ rested in penance. 
Domnall, son of Amhalgaidh, was immediately instituted 
[recte, intruded] into the abbacy in his stead. — A sappy 
year in sooth with good weather [was] this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 18th of the moon, a.d. [i092]Bis. 
1092. — The Devotee Ua FoUamhaim of Connacht was 
drowned .1 — Cluain-mac-Nois was laid waste by the men of 
Munster. — Puaidhri Ua Conchobuir, archking of Con- 
nacht, was blinded by Ua Flaithbertaigh (namely, 
Flaithbertach) in treachery. — Muiredach Mac Cartaigh, 



1091. ^Donnsleibe Ua Eochadha. — 
He slew his predecessor, Ua Math- 
ganma, in 1081, supra. Tlie regnal 
list in L.L. (p. 41o) gives him a 
reign of 30 years ! 

2 [Dec. 18].— Deo. 28, according 
to the Annals of Loch Ce ; Dec. 
20, according to the Four Masters, 
who have been followed by Colgan 



[Tr. Th., p. 229). The true date 
cannot be determined in the ab- 
sence of the lunation. 

1092. ^Drowned. — InLochOarrgia 
(" Cargin's Lough, near Tulsk, oo. 
Roscommon," O'Donovan, F.M.,Yo\. 
ii. p. 942), according to the Annals 
of Boyle. 
2 The close of Ard-Macha, etc.^- 



50 



CCMNttlCC nlCCDh. 



■piaicbeficail (I'Don," ■piaiubeianac") i mebail. — TTIuiiie- 
■oac mac Cqrcai^, yii Gosatiacca Caifil, Tnoiat;u[u]ip eyz- 
— piaicbeificac, mac Tluaixiiai hlli Rua'Daca[i]n, o UiB- 
Gcac occif Uf efc. — T)omnaU, Tnac" (XmalgaTJa, coma|iba 
Pat;iT,aic, poyi cuaiyit; Cenitnl-Oosain, co cue a |ieiiT.-^ 
Raiu CCiji'D-TTlaca co n-a cempull -do lofca'o i quap-c^ 
E i^^ Icalann Sepcimbefi 7 fpec vo ryiiuin TTlofi 7 | fpec -do 
"Cirtiun Saxan. — ■Gnna, mac 'Diaifimaca,' ifii hUa-Ceinn- 
l^elai^, a fuif occifUf efc. — Connmnc htla CaiTfiill? 
uapal epfcop Con[n]acc, quieuic. — TTlael-lfU hUa 
liCC|ipacca[i]n, comayiba CCil.be, in pace quieuic 

Ical. Ian. tin. p., I. ccx. ix., CCnno"Oomini TTl." xc." 111.° 
"OonncaTi ITlac Capyicaig, 1^1 Goganacca Caiy^il; 'Ctienaip. 
htla Ceallaig, |ii bjaeg ; CCe'D hUa bai5ella[i]n, fii 
■pepn-ifiuigi ; (Xe-o, mac Cacail hUi Concobaiifi, ^.Toomna 
Connacc, omnef occifi func. — CCex), aiiacinnecT)aimliac- 
Cianna[i]n ; CCiblL hUa ■MiaUa[i]n,coma]p.ba Ciapa[i]n 7 
Cpona[i]n 7 TTlic 'Duac; 'Po^U'o, ap.T)epfcop CClban, in 
Chpifco quieuepunc. — SiL-TTluipeTiais t)0 innaifiba[T>] a 
Con[n]act;aiB -do ITluipcepcac hUa bp.iain. — CCe'D hUa 
Cananna[i]n,irii Ceniuil-ConaiU, t)0 •oallux) la'OomnaLl 
hUa loclainn, la ^115 n-OCibg.— TTlael-Coluim,^ mac 

A.D. J092.2 iiii., A; Karic, B. 3_macai, B, "■ om„ B. i>i>itl.,t. k, A; 
om., B. " mao TTlic — son of Mac, B. 
A.D. 1093. 1— Colaim, B. 



The remaining Third, that of Mas- 
Ban, was left intact. 

' [Kresmere]. — That is, according 
to the Leinster regnal List (L.L. 
39 d), Donohad, son of Murchad 
(1091, supra) and the sons of Dom- 
naU (1087, supra). 

* Successor o/[St.]Ailbe. —That is, 
bishop of Emly. 

1093. ^ Donchadh Mac Cart kaigh, 
etc. — This entry is a typical instance 
of the method in which these Annals 



were compiled. By omission of 
the respective means and of the per- 
sons whereby death was inflicted, 
four independent items, given as 
such in the Four Masters, are included 
in one formula. It also well illus- 
trates the liability of such sum- 
maries to serious error. For the 
Annais of Innisfalkn, an authority 
beyond question in Munster aflfairs, 
state that Mac Carthy was killed 
in the preceding year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



51 



king of tte Eoganacht of Cashel, died.— Flaithbertach, [1092] 
sou of Euaidhri TJa Ruadhacain, was slaia by the Ui- 
Echach.— Domnall, son of Amhalghaidh, successor of 
Patrick, [went] upon circuit of Oenel-Eoga in, so that he 
took away his due.— The Close of Ard-Macha^ with its 
church was burned on the 4th of the Kalends of September 
[Aug. 29] and a street of the Great Third and a street of 
the Third of the Saxons. — Enna, son of Diarmait, king of 
TJi-Ceinnselaigh, was slain by his own [kinsmen^] .^Conn- 
mac Ua Cairill, archbishop of Connacht, rested. — Mael- 
Isu Ua hArrachtain, successor of [St.] Ailbe,* rested in 
peace. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 29th of the moon, a.d. [io93] 
1093. — Donnchadh Mac Carthaigh,^ king of the Eoganacht 
of Cashel ; Trenair Ua Ceallaigh, king of Bregha ; Aedh 
Ua Baighellain, king of Fern-mhagh ; Aedh, son of Cathal 
Ua Conchobair, royal heir of Connacht, all were slain. — 
Aedh, herenagh of Daimliac-Ciannain ; Ailill Ua Niallaiu, 
successor of [St.] Ciaran^ and of [St.] Cronan and of [St.] 
Mac Duach ; Fothud,^ archbishop of Scotland, rested in 
Christ. — The Sil-Muiredaigh were expelled from Connacht 
by Muircertach Ua Briain. — Aedh Ua Canannain, king of 
Cenel-Conaill, was blinded by Domnall Ua Lochlainn, 
[that is] by the king of Ailech. — Mael-Coluim, son of 



Of the four persons here men- 
tioned, the two Aedhs are given 
in the Annals of Loch Ce. Ua 
Baighellain, they say, died a 
natural death. To Ua Concho- 
hair is appended omnes occisi sunt ! 
This affords strong presumption 
that their compiler had the Annals 
of Ulster before him. If so, it is 
a clear proof that he did not 
understand his original. 
^Of\St.'\Ciaranandof[St,'\ Cronan 



and of [St.'] MacHmch. — That is. 
Abbot-bishop of Clonmacnoise, 
Tomgraney and Kibnaoduagh. 
O'Douovan (p. 946) erroneously 
takes the F. M. to mean three 
different persons. 

* Fothud. — See Reeves, Adamnan, 
p. 402. The learned writer's pro- 
posed identification of Fothud with 
Modach, Bishop 6f St. Andrew's 
(Culdees, Trans. E.I. A., Autiq. 
XXIV. 246), seems improbable. 



52 



CCNMalCC UlCCDll. 



'Donnca'Da, aiji'Difii CClban 7 GcbapT), a mac, -do mafiba'B 
■DO P|iancai15 (i-oon,'* 1 n-lnbep.-CCL'oa 1 SaocanaiB"). C€ 
yiigan, imo|i|io,'' TTl aj^gafieT^aj -do ec ■oia cumai'D|iia cenn 
nomaixie. — Sil-lTluiiie'Daig 'doit,i[c]iYi 1 Conna&u ceti 
ceuuga'D. — TTlef^ mop in hoc anno. 

A 48a [CaL Ian. 1. p., I. cc., OCnno "Domini tn." xc.° 1111." 
piaicbeiacac bUa CCt;eifi, fii hUa-n-Gacac, "oo 'oallu'o 
la "Donnca-D htla n-Boca'Da, la yiig Ulaxi. — Sloga-o la 
tnuipceifitjac htla m-bfiiain co hOC^-cliar, co yioinnayxb 
^opppaij TTleiaanac a 11156 ^all 7 co pomaiaB "Oomnall 
htJa Tnael-8eclainn, p,i "Cemiaac. — CCp CCipueii "do 
ties'Daini^ (I'Don," im Ua ■peT)eca[i]n 7 im X)onn, mac 
Oengufa") vo coifi la htlllcailS. — TluaiTiyii hUaT)onna- 
ca[i]n,iai CC^iaTt; Concobu|ihtlaConco15aiii, pi Cianacca,in 
peni7:encia' mopcui funu. — TTlai'Dm'' pia Sil-TYluipe'Dais 
•pop 'Cua'D-TTlumain 1 z^opcpaDUp' cpi cec," uel paulo 
plup.*" — X)omnall, comapba patipaic, pop cuaipc 
TYluman cecna cup, co vuc a lancuaipu pcpibuil la 
caeb n-e'Dbapt;a. — "Oonncax), mac ITIael-Choloim, pi 
CClban, vo mapba'o o [a] bpai^pib pein (iDon,' o "Dom- 
nall 7 eumonT)') pepxiolum. — T)oinenn mop 1 n-Bpinn 
uile, T)ia popap T)omar;u. 

(Caz;' piTinaca, ■du hi T)pocaip lee lapcaip Connacc 7 

''meap, B.— '-^ r. m., t. h., A, B.*' ueixo (the Latin equiTalent), B. 

A.D. 1094. ^ — cia, A. '■' coficiT.a'o {i.e., the contraction for vyi, waa not 
placed above Ti), B. — "■"]. m., t. h., A ; om., B. ''■''1. ni.,t. h., A ; r. m. 
t. h., B. ■= 0. (contraction for centum, the Latin equivalent), A, B. ^-^ 
itl., t. h., A, B. «-= cm., C. '' n. t. h., A ; om., B ; given in C. 



' Novena. — Nomaidhe is, perhaps, 
from noi, nine. According to the 
Anglo Saxon Chronicle, A.D. 1093, 
when the queen heard of the death 
of her husband and son, she went 
with her priest to the church, re- 
ceived the last rites and prayed God 
that she might give up the ghost. 



In the Brut y Tywysogion (A.D. 
1 091), it is stated she praj-ed that she 
might not survive and God heard her 
prayer, for by the seventh day she 
T/as dead. 

^ Into Connacht. — Their expulsion 
by O'Brien forms the second entry of 
this j'Gar, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



53 



Donnchadh, archking of Scotland and Edward, his son, 
were killed by the Franks (namely, in Inber-Alda, in 
Saxonland). His queen, moreover, Margaret, died of 
grief therefor before the end of a novena.* — The Sil- 
Muiredaigh again [came] into Connacht^ without per- 
mission [of Ua BriainJ. — Great crop in this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 10th of the moon, a.d. 
1094. — Flaithbertach Ua Ateidh, king of Ui-Eachach, was 
blinded by Donnchadh Ua Eochadha, [namely] by the 
king of Ulidia. — A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain to 
Ath-cliath, so that he expelled GreofFrey Meranach from 
the kingship of the Foreigners and killed Domnall Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn, king of Tara. — Slaughter of good persons 
of the Airthir (that is, including Ua Fedecain and includ- 
ing Donn, son of Oengus) was committed by UHdians.^ — 
E.uaidhri Ua Donnacaio, king of Aradh ; Concobur Ua 
Conchobhair, king of Ciannachta, died in penance. — A 
defeat [was inflicted] by the Sil-Muiredaigh upon Thomond, 
wherein fell three hundred, or a little more. — Domnall,^ 
successor of [St.] Patrick, [went] upon circuit of Munster for 
the first time, so that he took away his full circuit[-dues] 
of cess, along with donations.^ — Donnchadh,^ son of Mael- 
Coluim, king of Scotland, was killed by his own brothers 
(namely, by Domnall and by Edmond) in treachery. — 
Great severity of weather in all Ireland, whereof arose 
dearth. 

(The battle^ of Fidhnach, wherein fell one-half of the 



[10931 



[1094] 



1094. ^Domnall, etc This visit- 
ation is not iT>entioned in the 
Annals of Innisfnllen. 

^ JDonchadh, etc.- — He had, accord- 
ing to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 
taken forcible possession of the 
throne, on the death of his uncle, 
in the preceding year. The same 
Chronicle says (a.h. 1095) that he 



was slain at the instigation of his 
uncle, Dufenal [Domnall], who 
(A.D. 1094) thus succeeded him. As 
this agrees with the Innisfallen 
Annals, which omit mention of the 
brothers, it is more liiely to be 
correct. 

' The battle, etc. — Given in the 
Annals of Boyle (ad an.), with the 



54 



cCmmccIcc nlavin^ 



leic Coficumiauax) la 'Ca-oj;, mrtc Uuai'&iii h\i\ Con- 
cobaiiT,'.) 

]cal. 1an. 11. p, I. xx. 1., CCnno T)oTnini TTl." cdc." «-" 
Snecca moii "do pepcain in Cecain 1a|^ [Calainn, co 
fiomaiib a\i T)oene 7 en j ceSpav^ — Cenannup co n-a 
B 4So t;emplaiB; Tleifimac co Ti-|a leb|tai6 ; CCfiT)-fiaaca co 
n-a cempall 7 ilcella aile apcena cipLemac[a]e ipunt;. 
— Senoip'' TTlac TTlael-TTloI-tia, apt) penolfi 6penn, in pace 
"Doifiniiuic. — T)ub€ac hUa SocuinD, uaipalfacapr; na 
■peia-ca ; "Oonnsuf, epfcop OCua-clmc; (tev, mac TYlaib- 
Ifu/ I'Don," mac comai^ba pacfiaic [moiacui" j-unc^. — ■ 
5iUa-Ciapa[i]n, mac ITlic Ualgaiias, mui]ae hUa-n- 
T)uibinni[xacc, a puif occifOf efc^^bUa eicnig* p.i 
Pep-TTlanac, -do mayiba-o a fuif. — TTlai'Dm OCp.'oa-aca'o 
yiia n-'Oail-0CpaiT)e pop UIt^u, "oii 1 copcaip, ^^lla' 
Comgaill hUa CaipiU. — 'Cei-Dm mop, 1 n-Gpmn, co 
pomapb dp T)oene, o ]Catainn CCtl5u[i]pr; co OeltT:aine 
lap cinn (i-oon,* bba'oain na mopcla*).-^TTluipcepcac 
hUa Caippe, mtupe Ceniuib-Oensupa 7 piT)omna CC1I15, 
mopiT;up. — Caipppi hUa Ceiuepnaig, i-oon, uapal eppcop 
bUa-Ceinnpelaig, in p6ni7;encia mopicup. — gopppaig 
TTlepanac, pi 5«U, mopcu[u]p efv. 

bip.^ ICal. Ian. 111. p., 1. 11., CCnnoT)omini TTl." ccc.° tii.° piann 
hUa CCnbeiT), pi T)eipce[i]pc CCippall; TTlael-pacpaic, 
mac epmeT)ai5, eppcop CCpT)[a]-im aca ; Coluim hUa 

A.D. 1093. icecccria, B. "Sean—jA. STTlaeV-, A. " om., A. >'-i= 
om., A, B ; " died," C. com., C. i.di. m., t. h., A, B ; om., C. 



variant in quo ceciderunt multi for 
du hi drochair leth {"■wherein fell 
one half"). 

1095. ^ Wrought havoc. — Literally^ 
slew a slaughter. 

2 Mael-Molua.— Devotee of [Si.] 
Molua (of Clonfert — Mulloe, King's 
Co.). A Latin gloss, having no 
reference to the text, in the L.B. 
Calendar of Oengus, at April 16, 



states that : The archbishop of Ire- 
land, the Senior Mae Maildalua, died 
on the 3rd of the Ides [lltt] of April. 
As some [poef] said [in a native De- 
bide quatrain ■which is quoted]. 
Archbishop ■was probably a Latin 
rendering of uasalepscop, eminent 
bishop. 

^ Donngus For Donngus, or Do- 

iiattis, see Lanigaa, Ec. Hist., iii. 482. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



55 



"West of Oonnacht and half of Coroomruadli, [was gained] [I09t] 
by Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri TJa Concobair.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2ad feria, 21st of tbe moon, a.d. [i095J 
1095. — Great snow fell on the Wednesday after New- 
Year's Day [Jan. 3], so that it wrought havoc^ of people 
and of birds andof cattle. — ^Oenannus with its churches, Der- 
magh with its books, Ard-sratha with its church, and many 
other churches besides were burned. — Senior Mac Mael- 
Molua,^ chief religious counsellor of Ireland, sleptin peace. — 
Dubhthach TJa Sochuind, archpriest of the [church of the] 
Relics [in Ard-Macha] ; Donngus,^ bishop of Ath-cliath ; 
Aedh,* son of Mail-Isu, namely, the son of the successor of 
[St.] Patrick [died]. — ^Gilla-Oiarain, son of Mac TJalgarig, 
steward^ of TJi-Duibhhinnrecht, was slain by his own 
[tribesmen]. — Ua Eicnigh, king of Fir-Manach, was killed 
by his own [kinsmen.]— The defeat of Ard-achad [was in- 
flicted] by the Dal-Araidhe upon the TJlidians, wherein fell 
Gilla-Comghaill Ua^ Cairill. — Great plague in Ireland, so 
that it wrought havoc^ of people, from the Kalend [1st] 
of August to May-day thereafter (namely, the Year of the 
Mortality). — Muircertach Ua Cairre, steward of Cenel- 
Oenghusa and royal heir of Ailech, dies. — Cairpri Ua 
Ceithernaigh, eminent bishop of Ui-Ceinnselaigh [Ferns],'^ 
dies in penance. — Geoffrey Meranach, king of the 
Foreigners [of Dublin], died. 

Xalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 2nd of the moon, a.d. [1096] Bis. 
1096. — Flann Ua Anbeidh, king of the South of Airghialla ; 
Mael-Patraic, son of Ermedhach, bishop of Ard-Macha^ ; 



*Aedh,ete. — "Hugh mac Maelisa, 
Coarb of Patrike, diecl,"C, But the 
" Coarb " at the time was Domnall, 
sou of Amalghaidh. The Mail-Isu 
In question died 1091 (supra,') 

'^Steward. — Muire; lord (tig- 
hema), Four Masters. 

8 Ua, etc.—ffTOTO. Ua to people (in 
the following entry), both inclusive, 



is omitted by O'Conor, who re- 
marks quaedam desunt. But there 
is no lacuna in his MS. (B). 

' \_Ferns'\. — The Annals of Innis- 
f alien (ad an.) call him bishop- 
abbot of Perns. 

1096. 1 Bishop of Ard-Macha.— 
Domnall was titular Primate at the 
time. Mael-Patraio was consecrated 



S(5 



CCNMalCC tllOC"DTl. 



A 4:8b 



CCniaaTia[i]n', aiiicinnec Tluif-mli-ci]T,; ■piann hUaTnuipe- 
cd[i]n, aificinnec CCent;iT.uitri, in Chyiifco 'ooifimiefiunc. — 
TTIa^SamaiTi hUa Seg-oai, \iy CoincoT)uiBTie; Concobup. 
htla CCnniaiaai'o, | p,i Ciannacu 7 hUa Cein, fii htla-mic- 
Caificinn, -do comcui7;im 1 cliacailS. — Uamon mop. -pop 
■pepaiB Gpenn pi a peil^ 60111 na bliaxina pa, co fio^epaipc 
"Diacpia cpoipcciB comapba pacpaic 7 cleipec n-epenn 
apcena. — ITIac "Oubsaill hUa maelcouaig ■do mapbaxi 
■DO U Inneipsi. — TTluipcep-cac htla 'DuB'Dai, tii hUa-ri'' 
CCnialsatia, Tio mapbaxi a puip. — ITlocca'DHn hUa TTlot;- 
T;a'&a[i]n, jii Sil-CCnmcaTia, mopT;o[u]p epc* — Cu-tHa-D 
hUa Ceileca[i]n (i-oon," pit)amna CCipsiall'') 7)0 mapba'o 
laCoice'on-epenri (iT)on,''La^ htlliju"). — gilla-Oppen.mac 
fllic CopT;en, yii "Dealbna, occipup epc. — hUa Carailj 
aipcinnec "Cuama-gpene, in Chpipco quieuic — eojan 
hUa Cepnaig, aipcinnec Ttaipe, in no[i]-Decim jcallann 
Gnaip. quieuic. 

jcal. 1an. u. p., I. oc. 111., CCnno T)omini m.° ccc.° tiii.° 
tepsuphUa Cp,uimcip, comapba Comgaill, pope peni- 
cenciam op7;imam-^ obnc. — 'Ca'Ss, mac Ruaixipi hUi Con* 
cobaip, fii7)omna Con[n]acT:, a puip occipup epc. — pian- 
nacan puaxt, aipcinnec Ruip-Comain, in pace quieuit:. — 

A.D. 1096. iCCnrw— , B. == pel, B. '-^ le TiUtlccib, B. » om., B. 
''■1' itl., t.h., A, B. 

A.D. 1097. 1 obciTnam, A, B. 



for the exercise of episcopal func- 
tions; as DomnaU was, in all proba- 
bility, a layman, perhaps a monk. 
His place apparently remained vacant 
until 1109 (infra), when it was as- 
sumed by Caincomrach O'Boyle. 

^ Great fear.— See 771 (=772), 
798 ( = 799), supra. The Four Masters 
state that the fear arose because the 
Feast(Decollation)of John the Bap- 
tist (August 29) fell on Friday in 
1096. But this is puerile \ every 



festival must fall four times on 
the same day within the solar 
Cycle of 28 years. According to 
the so-called Vision of Adamnan 
(L.B., p. 258b-259b), great havoc 
of the men of Ireland was to be 
wrought by a fiery ploughshare, 
when the anniversary in question 
should fall on Friday, in a Bissextile 
and Emholismal year, at the end of 
a Cycle. The three first-named con- 
ditions were literally verified in the 
present year. The year was also to- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 57 

Colum TJa Anradhain, herenagh of Ros-ailithir ; Flann Ua [1096] 
Muirecain, herenagh of Aentruim, slept in Christ. — 
Mathgamain TJa Segdhai, king of Corcoduibhne ; Con- 
chobur Ua Anniaraidh, king of Ciannacbta and Ua Cein, 
king of Ui-mic-Oairthinn, mutually fell in combats. — 
Great fear [fell] ^upon tbe men of Ireland before the feast 
of John of this year, until God spared [them] through the 
fastings of the successor of Patrick and of the clergy of 
Ireland besides. — Ua Maelchothaigh, son of Dubhgall, 
was killed by Ua Inneirghi.^ — Muircertach Ua Dubhdai, 
king of Ui-Amhalghadha, was killed by his own [kins- 
men]. — Mottadhan Ua Mottadhain, king of Sil-Anmchada, 
died. — Cu-Uladh Ua Oelecain (namely, royal heir of 
Airgialla) was killed by tbe Fifth of Ireland (that is, by 
Ulster). — Gilla-Ossen,* son of Mac Corten, king of Delbna, 
was slain. — Ua Cathail, herenagh of Tuaimgrene, rested 
in Christ. — Eogan Ua Cernaigh, berenagb of Daire, rested 
on tbe nineteenth^ of the Kalends of January [Dec. 14]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 13th of the moon, a.d. [io97] 
1097. — Lergbus Ua Cruimthir, successor of [St.] Comgall,i 
died after most excellent penance. — Tadhg, son of 
Euaidhri Ua Concobair, royal heir of Connacht, was slain 
by his own [kinsmen]. — Flannacan the Eed, herenagh of 
Ros-Comain, rested in peace.— The belfry of Mainister 



■wards the end, being the fourteenth, 
of the Cycle of Nineteen. AsBuming 
that the prophecy was well-known, 
these coincidences were sufficiently 
striking to account for the popular 
terror. 

s Ua In7ieirghi.—"0'Smd.iy" in 
C ; not " his [own people]," as 
O'Donovan misread iFour Masters, 

Vol.ii., p- 954). 

■* Gilla-Ossen. — Devotee of \_St.~\ 
Ossan (of Kath Ossain, Fort of Ossan, 
west of Trim. Mart. Don., Feb. 



17). Ossan is given ia the List of 
Deacons in L. L. (p. 366e). 

^ Nineteenth.— TiLB F. 3J. say the 
eighteenth. But against them are 
to be placed A, B, C (which last has 
19 Kal. Jan, ; not, as O'Donovan, 
loc. cit., says, 9 Kal. Jan.) and the 
Annals of Loch Ce {ad an.). 

1097. ''■Successor of [;Si.] Comgall. 
— That is, Abbot of Bangor, co. 
Down. 

^ The Wright Ua Brolcain. — His 
obit is given at 1029 (supra'). 
E 



58 



ccNt^alcc ulcroti. 



B 45d 



A 48c 



Cloiccec *niainiipcifiec[-bui^i] co n-a lebfiaiB | 7 caif- 
ce-oaiB imxiaiB vo lofca'o. — TTl ael-bfiigce, mac in T;-'raiia 
hUi bifiolca[i]n, uafaL epfcop Cille-T)apa7 Coicix) tai^en, 
pofc pemrenciam opciniam quieuic. — Sloga'D la YYluip- 
cep,z;ac hUa m-bifiiam 7 la te€ TTlosa co TTlaj 1T1uiifi- 
certine. Slo|a-D TDano la 'Oomnall hUa toclainn co 
"Cuaifcefit; eifienn co p-o Conaille -oo cabaip^ coca "ooib 
CO p,ufT;aiirimefc T)omnall, comap-ba paz;|iaic, -po gne 
fic[a]. — toclanti hUa T»tiiBlT)a|xa, fii ■pepn-muisi, -do 
tnayibaxi -do Ui[b]-bp,itiiTi byieipne. — Cnottiey^ mofi irin 
blia'oain fi: cp-ica^ blia'oan' on cnortief aile" gupan 
cnonie[f]fa'' (iDon", bliatiam na cno pinn ; iDon, co 
pagaibri pepe-oac' cno ap aen pmjinn")- 



]Cal. Ian. ui. p., I. xx. 1111., OCnno "Domini ITl." a;c.° uiii.° 
piaiubepi^ac hUa ■piai^bepuai^, pilapcaip Connacc, -do 
mapbax) vo Sil-Tntiipe'Dais. — Tpi lonj;a'DO longaiB 5«^l' 
na n-1nnpi t>o plac vo UllcaiB 7 a paipenn "do mapba'D, 
iDon, pice^ ap cec', uel paulo plop. — TTlael-lpti Ua 
Scuip, pcpiba pilopopiaeimumunenpitim,immo omnium 
Scouopum, in Chpipco quieoiu. — | "Oiapmaic, mac Gnna, 
mic "Diapma^a, pi Laigen, vo mapba'D vo damn TTlop- 
caT)a, mic "Diapmaca (i'Don% pop lap Cille-Dapa*). — 

A.D. 1097. ^'^ ocxK. blia-oain, A, B. — s. tii.edac, A, B. — °- •fo.-ihis, B. 
— b cnomep aile fiommnn— (to the) other nut-crop (that happened next) 
before us, B ; C. follows the order of A. '=■': r. m., t.h., A, B ; given in C- 

A.D. 109S. 1-1 .OCX. at^ .u., A, B. ^-^\.m., t. h., A ; r.m., t. h., B. 



^Ealf of Mogk. — Namely, the 
southern moiety of Ireland. 

* Thirty years. — The nut-crop next 
preceding is entered at 1066 (supra'). 

^ Sixth. — " Id est, the sixth parte 
of the barren," C. " Sesedach is cog- 
nate with the Latin Sextarius and the 
FvenohSesterot aDdSextier, a measure 
both of fluids and of corn, being 



about a pint and a half, but vary- 
ing in magnitude in different times 
and countries.'' (O'Donovan, Four 
Masters, Tol. ii. p. 822.) 

« Penny. — In the Senchus Mar 
(Vol. ii. p. 220), the pinguin is one- 
third of the screpal. In another 
Brehon law tract (O'Donovan, F. M. 
ii. 822) the silver pinyinn is said to 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 59 

[-Buithi] with, its books and many treasures was Burned. — [I097] 
Mael-Brighte, son of the wright TJa Brolcain,^ eminent 
bishop of Cell-dara and of the Fiftb of Leraster, rested 
after most excellent penance. — A hosting by Muircertach 
TJa Briain and by the half of MogP to the Plain of 
Muirtemhne. A hosting also by Domnall TJa Lochlainn, 
together with the Nortb of Ireland, to the Wood of Conaille, 
to give battle to them, until Domnall, successor of Patrick, 
prevented them under guise of peace. — Lochlann Ua 
Duibhdara, king of Fern-magh, was killed by the TJi- 
Briuin of Breifne. — Great nut-crop in this year : thirty 
years^ from the other nut-crop to this nut-crop (namely, the 
year of the Fair Nuts ; so that, namely, [the measure called] . 
the Sixtb* of nuts used to be got for one penny^). 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 24th of the moon, a.d. [1098] 
1098.— Flaithbertach Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the 
West of Connacht, was killed by the Sil-Muiredhaigh. — 
Three ships of the ships of the Foreigners of the Islands 
were wrecked by the TJlidians and their crews^ killed, 
namely, twenty over a hundred, or a little more. — Mael- 
Isu Ua Stuir, master of philosophy^ of the Momonians, 
nay, of all the Scots, rested in Christ. — Diarmait, son of 
Enna, son of Diarmait, king of Leinster, was killed by the 
sons of Murcad, son of Diarmait (namely, in the centre 
of Cell-dara). — Eochaidh, successor of [St.] Ciannan,^ died 



weigh seven grains of wheat. This 
corresponds pretty closely with the 
Roman weight (2tgrains=l scruple). 

1098. 1 Crews Literally, folh 

{^fairenn), a collective substantive. 

Master of philosophy. — Lite- 
rally, scribe of philosophy. Scribe is 
here employed in the sense of 1 Esdr. 
vii. (scribae erndito, 11 ; scriba legis, | is, Abbot of Duleek, co. Meath. 

E 2 



21). Portion of the Commentary of 
St. Columbanus on Ps. xliv. 2 (Lingua 
mea calamus scribae, etc.) is : tan- 
quam cuidam scribae docto calamus 
aptus obsequitur (Ml. fol. 64d). The 
Four Masters make it scribe and 
philosopher. 

^Successor of [St.'] Ciannan. — That 



60 



aNMCcla ula-Dti. 



B46a 



Gocai'S, comapba Ciannain, pofc penicenciam^ obiit;. — 
Tlonan htlaT)airnin,comaifiba'Pobuiifipiaitif eT^pelisiofUf 
opt^imuppofcymael-TTlaiacain hUa Cellaig, comariba 
TTlhupa [ph]o^na, layigup er papierif, in una -Die in pace 
quieuepuiTC. — ptaicbericac, mac 'Cigepnaig baippci-o, 
comapba pnnia[i]n, in peixigi^inacione quieuii:. — 
"Oomnall Oa Gnna, tiafal epfcop lapcaiyi ©oppa 7 cobup 
con-oepcli in -Doniain (pui^ in uipT) ceci;apfia[i], Toon, Tlo- 
man 7 na n-5an)el'"), pope penit;ent;iani' optJiinani, puam 
uicam pelicicep hi 'Deci[ni] jcalann "Decimbep piniuiu. 
— TTIac ITIapaCilf Caipbpec, annicapaT;o5ai'oe;T)omnaU 
mac Hobapuais, comapba Coluim-cille ppi pe, in pace 
■Dopmiepunc. — ITlai'Dm ■pepT^pi-puilixie pop Ceniul- 
Conaill pia Cenel-n-eogam, 1 copcaip eicepT;ac hlla 
■CoipceCiJpu ec aln mtili;i. 

On" hoc anno CCeT) ht1amaeil-6oin, comapba Ciapain 
Cluana-mac-'Moip, nacup epu^) 

|Cal. 1an. mi. p., I. «., CCnno "Oomini 1X1." xc.° ice-" 
CCpcalr; mop po epinn tiile- — Cenannup ab igne 
T)ip[p]ipat;a epc. — "DiapmaiT: hUaTnaelacgen, aipcinnec 
"Ouin, I in nocce papc[ha]e^ quieuiu. — Ceall-T)apa [ve] 
T)emeT)ia papr;e cpemaud" epu. — Caencompao hUa 
baigill'DO^abail eppcoboici^ CCp'Da-TriacaT)ia-T)omnai5 
Cengci^ip. — "DonncaT), mac TTlic TTlaenail, abb la; 

"— ciam, A, 'n-'goei— , A.— a-al.in., t.h., A; r. m., t.h., B. t-bn.t.h., 
A. ; om., B ; given in C. 
A.D. 10U9. 1— pea, B. =— mace, B. '—roe, B. 



■* Superior, — Literally, successor (of 
St. Fechin of Fore, eo. Westmeath). 
The Four Masters render religiosushy 
riaghloir (" moderator," O'Donovan, 
ii. 959) ! The meaning is that Bonan 
laid aside the abbacy and became a 
simple monk (presumably in the same 



monastery). 
* Liberal 



sapiens 



and wise. — Largus et 
is translated by the F.M. 



Learijhas eecnaidh — Learghas, the 
sage! Furthermore, they sf ate that 
Domnall Ua Robartaigh, Mael-Isu, 
Eochaidh, Eonan, Mael-Martaui and 
' ' Learghas, " all six , died the same daj'. 

^ Successor of lSt.']Finnian.- Ahbot 
of Moville, CO. Down. 

' [A"o». 22] — Dec. 1, F.M. A, B 
and C are against them. For Ua 
Enna (O'Heney), who was archbishop 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



61 



after penance. — Ronan TJa Daimin, superior* of Fobur [1098] 
first and a most excellent religious afterwards and Mael- 
Martain Ua Cellaigh, successor of [St.] Muru of [F]otlian, 
[a] liberal and wise [man] ,s rested in peace on the same day. — 
Flaithbertach, son of Tighernacb of Bairrche, successor of 
[St.] Finnian,® rested in pilgrimage. — Domnall Fa Enna, 
eminent bisbop of tbe West of Europe and fount of tbe 
generosity of tbe world, (doctor of eitber Law, namely, of 
tbe Eomans and of tbe Gaidil) after most excellent 
penance, finisbed bis life felicitously, on tbe tentb of tbe 
Kalends of December [JSTov. 22].'' — Mac Marais^ of Cairbre, 
select soul-friend ; Domnall Mac Robartaigb,' successor of 
[St.] Colum-cille for a [long] space, slept in peace. — Tbe 
defeat of Fersad-Suilidbe [was inflicted] upon tbe Cenel- 
Conaill by tbe Cenel-Eogain, wberein fell Eicertacb TJa 
Toirceirt and many otbers. 

(In tbis year Aed TJa Mail-Eoin,^" successor of [St.] 
Ciaran of Cluain-mac-Nois, was born.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7tb feria, 5tb of tbe moon, a.d. [1099], 
1099. — Great destitution tbrougbout all Ireland. — 
Cenannus was wasted by fire. — Diarmait Ua Maelatbgen 
berenagb of Dun, rested on tbe nigbt of Easter [April lOJ. 
— Cell-dara was burned from tbe balf.-^Caincomrac TJa 
Baigbill assumed tbe episcopacy of Ard-Macba on tbe 
Sunday of Pentecost [May 29]. — Donncbad, son of Mac 



of Casliel, see Lanigan, Eccl. Hist, 
of Ireland, Vol. iii., p. 455, sq. 

8 Mac Marais. — Very probably, he 
who wrote the second charter of the 
Book of Kells ; Oraid do Mac Maras 
trog TO scrih, etc., ' ' A Prayer for Mac 
Maras, the wretched, who wrote," etc. 

^Domnall Mac Sobartaigh. — Abbot 
of KeUs since 1062 ; hence the 
"[long] space" of the text. He 
appears as one of the grantors in the 
charter mentioned in the previous 



note. See Eeeves, Adamnan, p. 400. 

The Annals of Loch Ce (ad an. ) 
omit the obit of Mac Marais and re- 
tain obierunt. 

'" Aedh Ua Mail-Eoin Mail- 

Eoin signifies devotee of John (the 
Evangelist). The obit of this abbot 
is given at 1153 by the P.M. (perhaps 
from the present Annals, which may 
have contained the missing portion 
when the F M. had them in their 
possession). 



62 



aMMccla ulccDti. 



■Uarrinacan tla1TleicT:iifie,comafvba1Tlicl.einiTi[e];0Cnnti'D 
TiUa ton5a|ica[i]n, comatiba Coluitn mic Cp-etricainti, 
in pace patifaue|iunt:. — Sloga'D la VC\u\\ice]ivac hXia 
Tn-briiaiti 7 la leu moga co SliaB-[ph]uait;, d) n-TDervna 
"Oomnall, comafiba pcn:'(imc, f^i Tin-bliat»na ecei^fiu 7 
■Cuaifceiic e-penn.* — Sloga'D la *Domnall hUa toclainn 
7 la TuaiipceifiT; n-efienn cap, 'Cuaim 1 n-UllcaiB. ■Ula[i]'o 
"Dono 1 Ciiaib-celca illonspoiir;. CorTi|xaicic® a n-'oi 
majficflois : maitief i:ofi maiaci"'lua| Ulav 7 mapbcaiti 
htia CCnifiain ann. pacaiT) tlla[i]'t) lafifin allonspotic" 
7 loifcic Cenel-eosain e 7 ceipcaic Cyiaib-cealca. 
T)obeifia|x vo\Z laifi fin -oa ecepi 7 comayiba Comgaill 
illaim ipfiia "oa ecepi aile : 

'Cucca'' jeitt Ulat) ayi eicin, 

Innific patiain co feij, 

La "Domnall co° lonnne ?.eoThaiTi°, 

Octif la Sil Gogain (no'', Clainii[-6o5ainJ*) feil. 

"Oa ecijie rfiena vncta 

"Do loecfiait) tHati o cein, 

In cifief cen 'DiboD, abb ComgaiU, 

"Oo tiigat) "Oomnailt bUi Weill. 

In nomaiT) bliatjain a\\. nocac, 

CCfi mile bliat)an[-'6ain, MS.] co in-blai'6, 

O gem Cyiifc, cinnci cen cyiina'D, 

If innci fofilei) fein.' — 
A.D. 1099. « n- 6—, A. **— 51c, B. ^ a. lorisporvc— //5«> stronghold, 
A. '^'^ t.m., with corresponding marks, t.h., A ; cm., B. "=-<: Reading of Four 
Masters; 'htia ■ptainn mii|i leOTtiaiti, MS. (which I do not understand), 
d-d itl., t. h., MS. 



1099. ^ Successor of ISt. ColmanJ. 
— That is, bishop of Cloyne. Anm- 
chadh and Mac- tire (wolf),eponymous 
heads of Ui Anmchadha and Di Mec- 
tire, the two chief families of Ui- 
Liathain (Barrymore, co. Cork), were 
respectively descended (in the ninth 
degree) from Brocc and AUill, sons 
of Echu Liathain, from whom the 



territory was named. Echu, like his 
contemporary, Nathfraech, King of 
Cashel in the first half of the fifth 
century, was of the race of Eoghan 
Mor. (From Mae Caille, son of Brocc, 
descended the neighbouring sept of 
T]i-Mic-Caille, Imokilly.) Ua Mec- 
tire was thus bishop of his native 
diocese. Benefaction to the cathedral 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



63 



Maenaigh, abbot of la ; Uamnachan Ua Meictire, successor 
of [St. ColmanP son of Leinin^ ; Annud Ua Longarcain, 
successor of [St.] Colum, son of Crembtbann,* reposed in 
peace. — A bosting by Muircertacb Ua Briain and by Half 
of Mogb to Sliabb-[F]uait, until Domnall, successor of [St.] 
Patrick, made peace of a year between tbem and tbe Nortb 
of Ireland. — A bosting by Domnall Ua Locblainn and by 
tbe Nortb of Ireland past Tuaim into Ulidia. Tbe 
Ulidians, bowbeit, [were] at Craibb-telcba * in camp. 
Tbeir two borse-bosts encounter : defeat is inflicted upon 
tbe borse-bost of tbe Clidians and Ua Amrain is killed 
tbere. Tbereafter tbe Ulidians abandon tbe camp and tbe 
Cenel-Eogain burn it and uproot Craibb-telcba. After 
tbat, tbere are given to tbem two bostages and tbe 
successsor of [St.] Comgall in pledge {lit:, in band] for 
two otber bostages : 

Taken were the pledges of the Ulidians by force — 

Witnesses tell it accurately — 

By Domnall of {lit, with] the fury of the lion,'' 

And by generous Sil-Eogain (or, Clann[-Eogain]). 

Two strong hostages were given 

Of the heroes of the Ulidians formerly,- 

The third without fail [was] the abbot {i.e., successor] of 

Comgall, 
To the royal power of Domnall Ua Neill. 

The ninth year above ninety, 

Above a thousand blooming years. 

From birth of Christ [who was] formed without decay, 

It is in it occurred that. — 



[1099] 



church, in all likelihood, caused the 
insertion of his name in the Annals. 

2 Son o/Leinin.— So called in native 
documents, to distinguish him from 
the numerous other Colmans. Celbnic- 
Lenine (Church of the Son of Lenin) 



is a prebend in the diocese of Cloyne. 
The father's name liyes likewise in 
Killiney — Cell-inghen-Lenine, Church 
of the Daughters of Lenin. They 
Vere six virgins. The seventh sister, 
Aglenn, was the first wife of Echaidh, 



64 



ccMMcclcc ulcroln. 



"Datriliac 0Cii7)a-ffiaca tdo lofcu-D do PepaiB na Cjiaibe 
poll tliB-paciaac. — Tluai-Dpi hUa Rua'6aca[i]ti, yii Giftuiyi 
A48d CCiyi^iaU, 7 nnaccaim | fiig'' Gyienn, in quaDpasefimo" 
quinT:o' anno yiegm pUi, in "oecinio jCalen'oapom T)ecim- 
bpip, fuam wcam pimuit:. 

b^.a ICal. Ian. i. p., I. x. ui., CCnno *0'oniini m." c.° piann 
hUa CinaeT»a, aip-cinnec GCza-vfin^m, ayi-o' ollam ITli'De 
[in pace qureuit]. — 'Donnca'D TTlac Goca-oa, p.i Ulav 7 
'opem^ DO maiciB tlLa'D ime, vo gaBail la TDomnall hUa 
l-oclainn, la 1115 n-CCilig, 1 quinT;]Calann 1uin. — Cfiec la 
"Domnall htfa Loclainn,co fiooyiT: pefiu-bpeg 7 pine-gall- 
— 8lo5af)la TTltiitxceiaT:achtlani-biaiain cohefip-|iuait(^- 
— LongupCCca-clia^ co lilnif-n-Gosain, co yiolaxt an-dp, 
eT;eia baca^ 7 Tnai^ba-D. — TTlac mic gibla-Coluim Hi T)otti- 
naill,yii Ceni«il-Lu5Dac*,afurf occtfO-peft; — CCpfiT) hUa 
CCmiia-oain*, muijie T)al-piaz;ac ; 5'^^«'^T^i5™ ^Ua 
Cuific, iai TTlufCfvaiTie-Ofiesain ; g^lla-na-noeB hUa 
heiDinn, ifii hUa-pacfiac, mofiT:ui funi;- — 6cpi hUa 
TTlael-muine, fii Ciannacc, tdo niapbaTi t)'6 Choncobaip 
Ciannacr. 

A.D. 1099. ^ X" Cnom. sg.), B. <=-=xl- »., A.B. 

A.D. HOD. ' -orieam, B. 'h Baf— , A. '■> Cetiil— , B. * hCCmtxatian, 
B. aom.,B. 



sixth in descent from Niall of the 
Nine Hostages. One of her sons is 
mentioned in Adamnan's Life of St. 
Columha (ii. 43) as Columbanus, 
JUius Echudi. O'Clery {Mart, of 
Donegal, March 6, Nov. 24) errone- 
ously states they were of the race of 
Aenghus, son (instead of Aenghus, 
brother) of Mogh Nuadhat. 

Colman belonged to the bardic 
order. The Lives of SS. Senan and 
Brendan (of Ardfert) and Cormac's 
Glossary respectively contain one of 
his poetical compositions. Each of 
the three is in a different metre. 



2 Successor of \8t.'] Colwm, son of 
OemiAarem.— Namely, Abbot of Terry- 
glas, CO. Tipperary. 

* Craibh-telcha — TJie wide-hranch- 
ing tree (Iit.|ira7ic^) of the hill ; under 
■which the liings of Ulidia (cos. Down 
and Antrim) were inaugurated. 

^ Royal scion, — That is, par ex- 
cellence. Literally, fair son of the 
Icings of Ireland. 

] 100. 1 With — Literally, and. Party 
is nom. abs. in the original. 

^Nohles See A.D. 1087, note 1 

They had probably gone to cele- 
brate Pentecost at Armagh (for the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



65 



[1099] 



The stone church of Ard-sratha was burned by the 
men of Craib against the Ui-Fiachrach.— Ruaidhri Ua 
Ruadhacain, king of the East of Airghialla and royal 
scion^ of Ireland, finished his life in the 45th year of his 
reign, on the 10th of the Kalends of December [Nov. 22]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, l&th of the moon, a.d. [llOOjBis. 
1100. Flann Ua Cinaedha, herenagh of Ath-truim, chief 
bardic professor of Meath [rested in peace]. — ^Donnchadh 
M.a.c[recte, Ua] Eochadha, kingof Ulidia.with^ a partyof the 
nobles^ of Ulidia about himy was captured by Domnall Ua 
Lochlainn, [namely] by the king of Ailech, on the 5th of 
the Kalends of June [Monday, May 28]. — ^A foray by 
Domnall Ua Lochlainn, so that he laid waste Fir-Bregh 
and Fine-Glall. — A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain to 
Ess-ruadh. — The fleet of Ath-cliath [sailed] to Inis-Eogain, 
whereof ensued their destruction, both by drowning and 
killing. — The grandson of Gilla-Coluim Ua Domnaill, 
king of Cenel-Lughdach, was slain by his own [kinsmen],. 
• — ^Assid Ua Amhradhain, steward^ of Dal-Fiatach ; Gilla- 
Brighte Ua Cuirc, king of Muscraidh-Bregain * ; GiUa- 
na-noebh^ Ua Eidhinn, king of Ui-Fiachrach, died. — 
Echri Ua Mael-Muire, king of Ciannachta, was killed by 
O'Conchobair® of the Ciannachta [of Glenn-Geimhin]. 



solemnity wilh which the feast was 
there held, see 980[-l"|, 818[-9], 
892[-3] supra) and were captured, 
as they were returning, on the Mon- 
day after the Octave. This wiU ex- 
plain what is stated under next year, 
that their liberation took place in a 
church of that city. 

2 Steward (muire). —Lord (tigherna), 
Four Masters. 

* Bregain. — O'Connor prints b. guin 
and leaves a blanl£ in his translation. 
He overloolced the mark of contrac- 



tion (=re) attached to i in his MS. 
(B), The Annals of Innisfallen state 
that the person in question was son 
of Domnall Ua Cuirc. 

^ Gilla-na-noehh. — -That is, Devotee 
of the Saints. 

" 0' Conchobair " The 0' Conors 

are still numerous in Glengiven, 
which was the ancient name of the 
vale of the river Eoa (Roe), near 
Dungiven, which flows through the 
very centre of this Cianachta.'' 
(0' Donovan, Booh of Rights, p. 123). 



t56 ccMMalcc ularoti. 

(Moc* anno ecclepa fancci Sinelli T)e Clain-imip 

jcal. Ian. 111. p, h xx. un., CCnno "Oomini TTl." c.° 1.° 
B46b "Oonncaxi, | macCCefiahtli Ruaiiicxionfiaifiba'D'DO'PeyiaiB- 
ITlanac; Riagdn, epfcop "Dpoma-moiii 7 Coici'd* Ula'D, 
in pace quieuic. — Inif-Cacaig -do oyicam vo ^hallaiB. — 
Sloga'D la mui|iceiarac hUa m-bpiain 7 la l,ec TTlosa 1 
Con[n]accai15 Dap, ep[p]-puai'D 1 'Cip-n-eo5ain,co popcail- 
pec OCilec^ 7 co poloipcpei; 7 co popapaigpec illcella 
apcena" im phauam IDupa" 7 im OCp'o-ppa^a. "Dollortip 
lap pin pop'PepT;aip-Chanipa,co poloipcpec Cuil-pa€ain 7 
CO n--Depnaipic ■ouinebaxi ann. 'Sabaip^iallu Ula'D lap 
pin. "Oolui'D cap Sligi'D TTlI'Dluacpa "oia a§. — Cpec la 
■DonncaTihUaTTlael-Seclainn 1 pepn-iriuig, conopcapai'o 
hUa CepBaill 7 co pomapb va cec tdiB, uel paulo plup. — 
PepT)oninaC) eppcop Cille-'oapa, in pace quietiic. — Ca€al 
hUa Tyiuipica[i]n, pi "Ceiba^ "Decollocup epc. — "Donnca'D 
TiUa eocaxia, pi Ula'D, "do ■puaplucu'D a cuibpicla "Oonn- 
nall, niac'mic''Loclainn, lapig n-CCilig, t;ap cenn amic 
7 a comalcai, I'oon, 1 n-'Oomliac CCpDa-TTlaca, cpe impi-oe 
comapba pacpaic 7 paniua pacpaic apCena, lap 
comluga po bacaill Ipa 7 po niinnai15 apcena, 1 
A48dend3 n-un'oecim ]Calann'' lanaip^. | 

]Cal. Ian. 1111. p., I. ix., CCnno "Donfiini m." c.° 11.° Sopc 

A.D. 1100. '>-l' r.m., n.t.h., A ; om., B. 

A.D. 1101. 1 — leac, A. ^ 'Cecipa, A. ^ enatifi, B. — = .u.to, A, B. '' om., 
B. ■: mo:^— great, B, C. <^-^ in .xi; Kl., A, B. 

[Chasm in A, up to A.D. 1109 (exclusive).] 



d 



7 'i'his year, etc. — I have not found 
this item elsewhere. The festival of 
St. Sinell was held on Nov. 12. 

1101. ^ Fifth of midia.—0'CoiioT 
here commits an error which is re- 
deemed by some originality. The MS. 
forms, .u.idh TJl. (with mark of con- 
traction attached to 2), he reads asv. id 
Jul. • making the bishop die on July 1 1. 



^Including. — Literally, around. 

^ Over the road of Midhluachair. — 
■'Over at Sligo;" which, by the 
omission of MidUuachra and by mis- 
taking slighe, a road, for Sligo town, 
shows the translator of C. disregarded 
and misunderstood his text. 

As the Eoad of Midhluachair led 
from Tara to Ulster, the meaning is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



67 



(Tliis 3'ear^ the cturch of Saint Sinell of Clain-iais was 
founded.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria; 27th of the moon, a.d. 
1101. Donnchadh, son of Aedh Ua Ruairc, was killed by 
the Fir-Manach. — Eiagan, bishop of Druim-mor and of 
the Fifth of Ulidia,^ rested in peace. — Inis-Cathaigh was 
pillaged by thei Foreigners. — A hosting by Muircertach 
Ua Briain and by the Half of Mogh into Connacht, past 
Ess-ruadh into Tir-Eogain, so that they demolished Ailech 
and burned and profaned many churches alsoj includ- 
ing^ Fathan of [St.] Mura and Ard-sratha. They went 
after that over Fertas-Camsa; until they burned Cuil- 
rathain and committed massacre therein. He [ Ua Briain] 
takes the hostages of Ulidia after that [and] went over 
the Boad of Midhluachair^ to his house. — A foray by 
Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn into Fern-mhagh, until Ua 
Cerbaill overtook them and killed two hundred of them, 
or a little more. — Ferdomnach, bishop of Cell-dara, rested 
in peace.— Cathal* Ua Muiricain, king of Tebtha, was 
beheaded. — Donnchadh Ua Eochadha, king of Ulidia, was 
freed from fetters by Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, 
[that is] by the king of Ailechj in return for his son and his 
foster-brother : namely, in the stone church of Ard-Macha, 
through the intercession of the successor of [St.] Patrick 
and of the community of [St.] Patrick besides, after co- 
swearing^ by the Staff of Jesus and by the Relics as well, 
on the 11th of the Kalends of January [Dec. 22]. 



[1100] 



[1101] 



that O'Brien entered Tara as King of 
Ireland, on the march home to Kin- 
kora (near Killaloe). 

* Cathal, etc. — Over this item the 
text hand wrote : Sug tia cae?.an 7 
ly e Tiomaifib ITIaet-SeclainTi — 
" Juice . . . and it is he that killed 
Mael-Sechlainn ; " meaning that sug 



na caelan was a nick-name of Ua 
Muirecain and that he was the slayer 
of Mael-Sechlainn, King of Tara 
(1087, supra). 

^ Co-swearing. — Namely, by the 
son of Mac Lochlainn and Ua Eoch- 
adha. See 1100, note 2. 



C,8 



aw M alec t;ilaT)1i. 



B46o 



Coluim-cille ■do lofca^. — T)onnca'D, mac Gcp,i hUi CCici'd, 
l^i'Domna hUa-n-6acac, vo maiaba-D -do tlllcaib (i-Don" 
ifin coicen^ mif lap, f aiiuguxi pacyiaic tio"^). — 'Domnall, 
mac 'Cisep.naiTi hUi Ruaiivc, fii Conmaicne, tdo majaba'D 
T)o Conmaicnib ipein. — Cu-triaisi fiUaCaipilL, aiyicinnec 
T)uin, mQ\ivnvif efc- — piaicbejiuac ITlac pocai^, p-i 
hUa-piaciaac OCifi-Da-f i^aca, -do mayibaxi tio ■peiiaib-twifig. 
Slogax) la Cinel-n-Gogain co ITIas-Coba. T>oiozxi\x 
tllai'D ifin ai-Dci ifin loTl5po|^I;, co ifiomayibfac Sicfiiuc 
tiUa Tnael-'paBaill (1'Don^ it,i Caifiiice-bpacaiT)e') 7 
8ici^iuc, mac Coniaais, mic eogain 7 alii-— TDasnuf, 
yxi Loclainni, colongaif moi|i do cuixiecc 1 TTIanainn 7 
■pic m-btrn'ona do Denum DOiB 7 do ■peyiaiB Giaetin. — 
eicepe'Da peiT, n-Giienn illaim "DomnaiU, comafiba 
Paryiaic, fie fic m-blia-Sna euep, hUa m-bpiiain (lDon^ 
iTluip.ceficac'') 7 hUa Loclainn (1Don^ "Oomnatl') 7 
aiiaile. — TTluiirie-bac hUa CiiaDuba[i]n,aiticinnec Lugbai'D, 
DO mayiba'D 00 1261X0115 TTli'De beuf. — Tloff-ailiap, (id° 
eft;, cum paufe puo") do ayicain do Uib-ecac 1 n-Digail 
maifibca Ui 'Oonnca'Da (iDon,'' ITiic na heialuimme"). — 
Caifil DO lofca-D do eili6. — Tnti5]T,on hUa Tnoiasaip, 
aipD-pepleisiriD CCp.Da-inaca 7 lafcaija Goppa uile, | 
cofxum mulcif T;efr;ibuf, 1 ueyi[T:] Won Occimbefi, fuam 
tucam pebciz;eia piniuiu (iDon/ 1 Tf\an-^a\i^xf). 

jcal. Ian. u. p., I. oecc., CCnno "Domini TYl." c." 111.° 
Bcanneifx cyxo'Da eT;ep, 12efiu-Lt]i|i5 7 "Cuavc-Tlaca, 1 
A.T>. 1102. 1 .ti.6T), MS. (B)— !"> it!., t.h., MS. ; om., C. »>-bitl.,t. h., 
MS. Given in text of C. «« itl., t.h., MS. ;" with y: fryers," C. 



1102. 1 Namely, etc. — The por- 
tion within brackets is omitted by 
the FM. and by O'Conor. The 
offenoe is stated in the Annals of 
Loch Ce to have been committed 
against the commanity of St. 
Patrick. The Annals of InnUf alien, 
with more precision, state that the 



Ui-Echach made a great raid upon 
the community of Armagh and slew 
f our-and-twenty of the chureh-folk. 

^Incustody of Domnall. — As O'Brien 

and O'Loghliun each claimed to be 

' paramount, the hostages were deposited 

with a superior acknowledged by both. 

' And so on. — That is, the com- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



69 



Kalends of Jan. on 4tli feria, 9t]i of the moon, a.d. [1102J 

1102. Sort of Colum-cille was burned. — Donnchadh, son 
of Echri Ua Aitidh, royal heir of the Ui-Eachach, was 
killed by the Ulidians (namely/ in the fifth month after 
the profaning of Patrick by him) .— Domnall, son of 
Tigernan Ua Ruaire, king of Conmaicni, was killed by 
the Conmaicni themselves. — Cu-mhaighi Ua Cairill, 
herenagh of Dun, died. — Flaithbertach Mac Fothaigh, 
king of Ui-Fiacrach of Ard-sratha, was killed by the 
men of Lurg. — A hosting by the Cenel-Eogain to Magh- 
Coba. The Ulidians went in the night into the camp, so 
that they kiUed Sitriuc Ua Mael-fhabhaill (namely, king 
of Carraic-Brachaide) and Sitriuc, son of Conrach, son of 
Eogan and others. — Maghnus, king of Lochlann, went 
with a large fleet into Manann and peace of a year was 
made by them and by the Men of Ireland. — The hostages of 
the Men of Ireland [were placed] in custody of Domnall,^ 
successor of [St.] Patrick, for [securing] peace of a year 
between Ua Briain (that is, Muircertach) and Ua Loch- 
lainn (namely, Domnall) and so on.^ — Muiredhach Ua 
Cirdubain, herenagh of Lughbadh, was killed by the Men 
of Meath also.- — Eoss-ailithir (namely, with its superior*) 
was pillaged by the Ui-Echach [of Munster], in revenge 
of the killing of Ua Donnchadha, namely, of Mac-na-her- 
luime^. — Cashel was burned by the Eili. — Mughron Ua 
Morghair, archlector of Ard-Macha and of all the West of 
Europe, felicitously finished his life (namely, in Mungarit^) 
before niany witnesses, on [Sunday] the 3rd of the ITones 
[5th] of October. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 20th of the moon, a.d. [H03] 

1103. A courageous skirmish [was fought] between the 



piler onjitted details contained in 
the authority he worked from. 

Though this portion of the MS. is 
missing, to judge from the F. M., who 
give this entry with equal brevity, 
the expression was containfld in A. 



The items passed over were perhaps 
the names of the hostages, 

^Superior. — "With ye fryers," 
C. The reading of the translator's 
original was thus apparently cum 
fratribus auis, 



70 



ccMNcclcc ularoli. 



roi^caiii aft ceccap'oe. — Ua CananTia[i]n t)0 iTitia]fiba['D] 
a vii|i "Chiiie-ConaiU la "Oomnall hUa toclainn. — 
TTluficaT) T)onn (tooii," Ua TluaT>aca[i]n'') "oo maifibaxi 
(fi* uefium efc") pojfi cjfieic i THai5-CoBa 7 in ci;iec 
hifin "00 mapba-o in g'l'^o S" i'^ btd Copmaic iirnT'^ ^0 
ceuna. — -Rasnall hUa Oca[i]n, i^efeaiifie T;elca-6[i]5, "oo 
mayiba'D vo pefiaiB Ulaisi-lca. — Coca'D mofi eT;e|iCenel- 
n-eojain 7 t(llT;o, co T;aini5 TTIuiiicepcac hUa bjfiiain co 
■pepaib TTluman 7 taigen 7 Ofpaiji 7 co maiciB Connacc 
7 CO pefiaiB Vr[\ve im a yiijaiB co ITIas-Coba 1 poiyiicm 
tlla'D. TioMovwfi T)i6l,inaiB co Tnacaiyie CCi|iT)-Tnaca 
(i-Don,° CO Cill na Conpaiiae"). co Tn-baT;uia -peccmain a 
■poyibaifi pop. CCinT)-TTlaca "Domnall hUa toclainn co 
"Cuaifcep-c Gpenn -ppiinin pefin 1 n-Uib-bfiefail-TTIaca, 
agaiT) 1 cagaix) ppiu. p.obaT:ufi T;oifipfi§ imofifio pip 
TTluman, Tioluifi TTluipcepT;ac co hCCenac-TYlaca 7 co 
hGreiuin 7 cimceall -oo CCpD-TYl aca- co papsaiB occ 
n-unga oip popfin alcoip 7 co pojeall occ picce° bo. 
Ocuf impaif 1 TTIag-Cotia 'Dopi[u]ifi (it)'' epc, non 
impetiparop") 7 pacbaip Coice-o taijen ant) 7 pocai'Oi "do 
■pepaiB TTluman. CCcnaij pein imoppo pop cpeacuf) 1 
n-T)al-CCpaiT)e, copapcaib 'Donnca'S, mac 'Coipp'oelbaig, 
ann 7 mac hUi Concoboip, pi Ciapai-oe 7 hUa Oeoain er; 
alii opcimi. 'Oollui'D "Oomnall htla toclainn co 
■Cuaipcep^; Gpenn 1 TTlaj-CoBa pop amup Laigen. 
■Cecaic imoppo Laigin 7 Oppaigi 7 Pp TlTuman 7 ^cmHj 
amal pobai^up, 1 n-a n-agai-o 7 pepaic car; (n)on,' in- 

A.t). 1103. ^-^ it!., t.li., MS. Given in text of 0. b-b itl., t.h., MS. ; 
om., C. <:■= itl., t.h., MS. "To KiU — Cornajre " (by metathesis of n and 
r), C. ouii. main, MS. e aj^., MS. 



^ Mac-na-herluime. — Son of the 
patron-church. He had probably, 
in accordance with the decree in 
the Collectio Canonum Hihei-nensis 
(_XLii. H: De dlumnis ecdesiae), 
been dedicated from his youth to 
the church of Roscarbery. 

6/n Mungarit. — From this it can be 



inferred that he had gone on pilgri- 
mage to the monastery of Mungret 
(co. Limerick), to prepare for death. 
1 103 . 1 Eaiding-force. — Literally, 
raid: crech being emploj'ed in a 
secondary sense, as a collective, sig- 
nifying the agents (whence the Anglo- 
Irish creaghf). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



'1 



Men of Lurg and the Tuatb-ratha, wherein fell a large [1103] 
numher on both sides. — TJa-Canannain was expelled from 
the kingship of Tir-Conaill by Domnall TJa Lochlainn. — - 
Murcad the Brown (namely, TJa Ruadacain) was killed (if 
it is true) on a raid in Magh-Oobha and that raiding-forcei 
slew the Stammerer, Gilla Ua Cormaic, on the same day. 
— Raghnall Ua Ocain, lawgiver of Telach-og, was killed 
by the Men of Magh-Itha. — Great war between the 
CenelrEogain and Ulidians, so that Muircertach Ua Briain 
came with the Men of Munster and of Leinster and of 
Ossory and with the nobles of Gonnacht and with the 
Men of Meg,th, including their kings, to Magh-Cobha, in 
aid of the Ulidians. Both [forces] went to the Plain of 
Ard-Macha (namely, to Cell-na-Conraire), so that they 
were a week in leaguer against Ard-Macha. Domnall Ua 
Lochlainn with the North of Ireland [was] during that 
space in Ui-Bresail-Macha, face to face^ against them. 
Howbeit, when the Men of Munster were tired out, 
Muircertach went to Aenach-Macha and to Emhain and 
around to ArdrMacha, so that he left eight ounces of gold 
upon the altar and promised eight score cows. And he 
turns into Magh-Cobha again (namely, not having obtained 
[his request^]) and leaves the Fifth of Leinster and a 
detachment of the Men of Mun ster therein. But he applied 
himself to pillaging in Dal-Araidhe, so that he lost* there 
Donnchadh, son of Toirrdelbach and the son of Ua 
Conchobuir, King of jDiar^idhe and Ua Beoain and others 
most excellent^. DomDall Ua Lochlainn went with the 
North of Ireland into Magh-Cobha to attack Leinster. 
Howbeit, Leinster and Ossory and the Men of Munster 
and the Foreigners, as they were, come against them and 
they fight a battle (that is, on the Nones [5th] of August 



2 Face to /ace— Literally, Jace to 
thy face. The narrator, as it were, 
addresses tte auditor. 

' Revest. — Perhaps that the 



archbishop of Armagh would de- 
liver up the hostages mentiored 
under the preceding year. 



72 



ccNijala nlccvh. 



■Moin CCti5u[i]fr; 7 1 CeT;ain 7 1 nomaT)'^ [uafia-o] pcex:^ 
[efcai] 7 ifin ocT:maD'' 16 ^a\^ t:ecc vo [CCfiT)-]TTlacaiO- 
TTIai'oif T:iia pofi Le5 Tnoga 7 laceyi a n-ap.: et»on, ap 
taigen, im ITIuiip.cep.cac, mac 5illa-1Tlocolmo[i]c 71m 
■oa Ua Lopca[i]n 7 im TTIuiiaceix-cac, mac TTlic 5oit."1^-'[i]'1 
ec alii ; ai^ htla-Ceinnfealaig, imT)amac TTlael-Tnhoifi'Da 
71m htl[a] Ria[i]n (tdou," fii ht1a-n-t)riona")et;alii ; dia 
Ofifiaigi, im 5iUa-pat;iaaic ifiua-D, iDon, 1^1 Ofpaig 7 im 
fiiSlfiai'D Oniaigi ayiceana ; ayi ^all CCca-cliau, im 
'CopfT^am, mac Bfiic 7 im pol, mac CCmain-o 71m OeoUan 
OC|imunn et; abi ; dp ■pep ITluman, im -oa hUa Opic, 
iT)on, 'Da pi-oomiia na n-'Oefpe 7 im htla 'PailBe, iDon, 
piTDomna Copcot)Ui15ne 7 eppi Laigen 7^ im htla ITIuipe- 

B46d T)ai§, pi CiapaiTie, co n-a mac ; ec aln | mulT;i opcimi 
quop caupa bpeuica^ip pcpibepe^ ppeT;epmipimup. 
"Cepnai^up Cenel-n-eosain co 'Cuaifcepi; Gpenn co 
copcap mop 7 co pecai?> imxiailS, imon piipoll pigTia 7 im 
camlinne 7 im pecaib imiwiiB apcena. — TTiasTiuf, pi 
Loclainm, xio mapba'o -pop cpeic 1 n-tdLisaiB. — Catalan 
macSena[i]nT)omapbaTCDoChaipppi[6]. — TTlupcaTihlJa 
■piai'ceca[i]n, aipcmnec CCpDa-bo, pui ecnai 7 eanaig 
7 aipcictiil, in pepigpinauione pua' (I'Don," 1 n-CCpx)- 
Tnaca") pebciuep, obiic. 

fbip.] IcaL 1an. ui. p., t. 1., CCnno "Domini 1T1.° c.° iin.° 

■peTObmixi, mac piain-o Tnainipcpec, milep opz^imup 

Chpipiii, in pace quie[uit;]. — TTlai'Dm pia n-tlllcailS pop 

'Oal-n-CCiaaiT)e, 1 copcaip "Oubcenn hUa T)ama[i]n 1 ppic- 

^ mo'n—nameli/, MS.; "and," C. ^•pcp.ibi, MS. (B). 
"1. m., t.h.,MS.; om., C. s-e ix. ococ., MS. ^ tiiii., MS. '-puam, MS. ; om., C. 



* Lost. — Literally, left (on the 
field of battle). 

* Others most excellent. — In giving 
the nominative, the compiler over- 
looked the fact that the context re- 
quires the accusative. 

« The 29iA.— The lunation, which 
is correct, has been omitted by the 
Fonr Masters (Vol. ii. p. 974). 



O'Donovan's Tuesday (ib.,-p, 975) is 
to be corrected to Wednesday, in 
accordance with his text. 

' Others. — Cf. note 5 (supra). 

^ Sub-king.— The name is not 
given in tbe Annals of Innisfallen. 

^ And many, etc. — "And many 
more, wMch for brevity of wry- 
tinge we omit," 0. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 73 

and on Wednesday and on tHe 29tli^ [day of the moon] [11031 
and on the eighth day after [his, Ua Briain's] coming to 
Ard-Macha). But defeat is inflicted upon the Half of 
Mogh and slauo;hter o them ensues, — namely, slaughter of 
Leinster, around Muircertach, son of Gilla-Mocholmoic and 
around the two TJi Lorcain and around Muircertach, son 
of Mac Gornaain and others^; slaughter of the Ui-Ceinnse- 
laigh, around the two sons of Mael-Mhordha and around 
Ua iliain (namely, king of Ui-Drona) and others'^; 
slaughter of Ossory, around Grilla-Patraic the Red, that is, 
king of Ossory and around the royal family of Ossory also ; 
slaughter of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, around Torstan, 
son of Eric and around Paul, son of Amand and around 
BeoUan Armunn and others^ ; slaughter of the Men of 
Munster, around the two TJi Brie, that is, the two royal 
heirs of the Dessi and around Ua Failbhe, namely, royal heir 
of Corcoduibhne and the sub-king^ of Leinster and around 
Ua Muiredaigh, king of Oiaraidhe, with his son and many 
other^ most excellent persons, whom for brevity sake we 
pass oyer writing. Cenel-Eogain with the Korth of 
Ireland returned with great triumph and with many 
treasures, including the royal pavilion [of Ua Briain] and 
including the [royal] banner [of the same] and including 
many treasures [of his] besides. — Maghnus, king of Loch- 
lann, was killed upon a foray in Ulidia. — Cathalan Mac 
Senian, was killed by the Cairpri. — Murchadh Ua Flaithe- 
cain, herenagh of Ard-bo, master of learning, liberality 
and poetry, died felicitously on his pilgrimage ^namely, 
in Ard-Macha). 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 1st of the moon, A.u. [HOiBis.j 
1104. Feidhlimidh, son of Flanni of Mainister[-Buithi], 
most worthy soldier of Christ, rested in peace. ^ — A defeat 



1104. ii'7ann.— DiedlOSe {supra). 
For his SynchroniBms, see Todd 
Lectures, Series III., No. II. 

^Rested in peace. — As Soldier of 



Christ signified a monk it may be 
inferred that Eeidhlimidh belonged 
to the community of Monasterboice 
(oo. Louth). 

F 



74 



aMMaloc ulocoh. 



guin. — Concobup (it)Oti,^ liUa Concobaija'), mac TTlael- 
Seclainn, ]\i Cojicombiiua'D, mopT;u[u]r [efuJ.^TTlac na 
haTOce hUa Tluaipc a fuif piiacpibuf occifUf efc. — 
SlogaT) la Tntnyiceiicac blla m-bjaiain co TTlas 
Tnuifit;eiTine, co |^omllbfeu zfiehmfLe in Tfiaigi 7 ipn 
c-fluaja'D i^in ixohefcfiax) Cu-ULaxi hUa Caini>elba[i]n, 
lai Loegaiifie, co n-T)eifibaibr; "oe. — SLoga'D la TDomnall 
hUa Loclamn, co TTlas-CoBa, co uuc giallu tlla'b 7 co 
n-'Deocai'D co 'Ceniiaaij, co i^ioloif c bloixi moifi''DO Loegaipi 
7 CO cai^aic cefimonn "doiIS ayicena. — Coiamac hlla Coyi- 
maic, i;oifec ITIonac'' -DO ec — TDunca-D hUa Concobuip, 
|ii ClanT1acT:^ "do nfiayiba'D 'Dia -ooinib pein. 

jcal. Ian. 1. p., l.x. ii.,CCnno T)omini ITl." c.° u.° m uirietiac 
TTlacCana; ITlaeliauanai'D hlla biliam (I'oon,'' \i^ hUa- 
Caiifibifie'') ; ITIael-Seclainn hUaConamj (i-Don,'''DoT)al- 
Caif'') in peniuencia nio]fiuui -ptinr. — Concobup, mac 
TYlael-Seclainn, fiiTJomna ■Cemyiac, occifUf" efi:" — T)om- 
nall, comayiba Pacpaic, -do ueci; co hCCu-clmu vo 
•oenum fica euep, TTluif.cefiuac hUa m-biaiain 7mac1Tlic 
Loclamn (iT)on,'''T)omnall''), conopogaib galuyi ann 7 co 
cucaT) inTD-a jaltiyi CO "Domnac CCii^ceyi-emna, cofiohonja'D 
ann 7 co z;ucax) layi i"in co T)amliac, co n-t)eiabailr; ann. 
Ocuip T;uca'o a copp co hCCiaT)-1Tlaca, iT)on, 1 pyiit) ^v 
CCu5u[i]pT: 7 1 Sauifin 7 1 peil lafyiem 1nnfi-mu|ien 7 
I"" n-occma-D [uoot'd] pice-o'' [efcai]. Ceallac, mac CCe-oa, 

A.D. 1104. ^-^ itl., t.K, MS. ; given in text, C. t niaonac, C. 
<= " Connanght," 0, 

A.D. 1105. »-^ itl., t.h., MS. ; given in text, C. ^.b hi., tt., MS. ; 
om., C. =-= occip •punc, MS., C. '*-'> in. uiii.ma-o. xx.ic, MS. From 
I'Don (inclusive) to end of sentence om., C. 



^ Encounter. — Literally, counter- 
wounding. 

* Spared the inhabitants. — Liter- 
ally, gave them termonn besides. 
Termonn =Jja,tin terminus, land 
bounded off for a church or mon- 
astery ; then, right of asylum ; 



hence, as here, to spare life. Cf. 
the Collectio Canonum Hibemensis : 
De locis conseeratis (xiv.), De civi- 
taiibus refugii (xxTiii.). 

1105. 1 Damliac (Duleet, co. 
Meath) — Ard-Macha. — Taking 
damliac Hterally, the Four Masters 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 75 

[was inflicted] by the Ulidians upon the Dal-Araidhe, [1104] 
wherein fell Dubcenn TJa Damain in the encounter.' — 
Concobur (that is, Ua Concobair), son of Mael-Sechlainn, 
king of Corcombruadh, died. — " Son of the Night" Ua 
E,uairc was slain by his kinsmen. — A hosting by Muir- 
certach Ua Briain to the Plain of Muirthemhne, so that 
they destroyed the tillage of the Plain. And in that 
hosting Cu-Uladh Ua Caindelbain, king of Loeghaire, 
was thrown [off a horse], so that he died thereof. — 
A hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn to Magh-Oobha, so 
that he took away the pledges of Ulidia and went to Tara 
and burned large portion of Loeghaire and spared the 
inhabitants.* — Cormac Ua Cormaic, chief of Monaigh, 
died. — Dunchadh Ua Concobuir, king of the Cianuachta 
[of Glenn- Gemhin], was killed by his own people. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 12th of the moon, a.d. [iio5] 
1105. Muiredhach Mac Cana ; Maelruanaidh Ua Eilrin 
(namely, king of Cairbri); Mael-Sechlainn Ua Conaing 
(that is, of the Dal-Cais) died in penance, — Conchobur, son 
of Mael-Sechlainn, royal heir of Tara, was slain.— Domnall, 
successor of Patrick, went to Ath^cliath to make peace 
between Muircertach Ua Briain and the son of Mac Loch- 
lainn (namely, Domnall), so that he took illness there 
and he was carried in his illness to Domnach of Airthir- 
Emhna. There he was anointed and he was carried 
after that to Damliac^ and he died there. And his 
body was carried to Ard-Macha,l that is, on the 2nd of the 
Ides [12th] of August and on Saturday and on the feast 
of [St.] Lasrian of Inis-Muren \recte, Inis-Muredaigh] and 
on the 28th^ [of the moon]. Ceallach, son of Aedh, son of 



state that Domnall was carried to 
the stone-church of Armagh and 
died there ! 

2 On the 28fA.— O'Conor gives in 
xxviiU, leaving a blank after, as 



if the scribe had omitted some 
necessary words. There is no hiatus 
in the MS. 

In the Annals of Loch Ce {ad 
an.'), all the criteria of the day are 

r2 



76 



aw N alec tiLccoti. 



mic TTlail-lfa, "do oip-TDnexi i n-a inaxi i comapbuf paz- 
B 47a fiaic, a cogapep | n-Giienn 7 ■oocuai'D'posiia'Dailj illou 
•peib CC'Domnain. — Niall oxioiihUa Concobuifi T)omaiv 
ba-D. — TTluiiigif btia Concenaint) 'oo ec. — Sluasati la 
muiyicepcac htla m-b|iiain, co |ioinnapb "Oonncaxi hUa 
ITlael-Seclainn a 11151 lafiuaip TniTie. 

jCal. Ian.11. p. Lcccc. 111., CCnno T)oinini m.°c.°ui.'' Cjaec- 
•pluaigefi la "Doinnall hlla loclainn 1 •poifii'Sin "Oonn- 
catia hUi mael-Seclainn, co iaoopcaT)U|i 1afiT:afi TTlixie 7 
CO rdiiUf X)oniica'D ann popfceifile'o 7C0 laomaiabaf* e. — 
'Difip,c-T)ia]T,maca co n-a T)e]T,mi5 1)0 lopcaTi. — 'Cuaial, 
comapba CoeiTi|in, in pace quiemc- — Ceallac, comapba 
Pari^aic, foyi cuaiiai: Ceniuil-eogain cecna cup., co uuc 
a og-peip, : raon, bo cec fepip,'' no 05 n-T)dpa cec T;iT,ip,, 
no lec-unja cec cec[fi]aiia, la raeB n-e-obapc n-inroa 
olcena. — Cacbapifi hUa 'Oomnccill, pi Ceneo[i]l-Lti5-Dac 
[mop^uuf'' eyz^~\. — Ceallac pop cuaipc TTIuman ceuna 
cup be[u]p, CO rue a lan-cuaipt;: TDon pecc^m-bae 7 
pace" caipi57le€-un5acecpuin'D z^pica-cec'' 1 inuma[i]n, 
la T;aeb fez n-rnroa olcena. Ocup appoer nmoppo Ceal- 
lac 5paT)a uapaleppcoip "oo'n cup pin, a popcongpa 'Pep 
A.D. n06, a .tii.eri, MS. u-b«Dyed,"C. ■= .tin., MS. ^—.c.,MS. 



omitted. The Four Masters pass 
over the lunation. 

^ReceivedHo ly Orders. — Literally, 
loent under degrees. Cellaoh (usually 
called by the meaningless Latin 
alias, Celsus) was, it thus appears, 
one of the eight intruded laymen 
mentioned in St. Bernard's Life of 
St, Malachy. In addition, he was 
ordained per saltum and, being but 
26 years old, under the canonical 
age, which in the Irish Church, 
according to the Collectio Canonum 
Hibernensis (III. 11), was SO years 



for the priesthood. As a set-off, 
perhaps, to those irregularities, the 
Orders were not conferred until 
Quarter-Tense Saturday, which feU 
on September 23 in 1105. By Men 
of Ireland are accordingly to be un- 
derstood the immediate adherents of 
the person thrust into the succession . 

^ Fiach, etc. — Thus given in C. ; 
also in the Annals of Boyle (ad afi.), 
with the variant Fiaehra. 

1106. J Successor of [St.] Coeitir 
^Aere.— Abbot of Gleudalougb, oo. 
Wicklffiv. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



77 



Mail-Isu, was instituted in his place in the succession of [1105] 
Patrick, by choice of the Men of Ireland. And he re- 
ceived Holy Orders on the day of the feast of Adomnan 
[Sep. 23]. — Niall Ua Concobuir the Swarthy was killed. 
— Muirghis Ua Concheanaind [king of Ui-Diarmada] died; 
— A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain, so that he expelled 
Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn from the kingship of the 
West of Meath. 

("PiacF OTlain was killed.") 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 23rd of the moon, a.d. 1106. |;il06] 
A foray-hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn in aid of Don- 
nchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, so that they wasted the West of 
Meath and Donnchadh was overtaken on a surprise-party 
and he was killed. — Disirt-Diarmata with its oratory was 
burned. — Tuathal, successor of [St.] Coemhghen,^ rested 
in peace. — Ceallach, successor of Patrick, [went] upon 
circuit of Cenel-Eogain [for] the first turn, so that he took 
away his full demand : namely, a cow for every six, or an 
in-calf heifer for every three, or a half ounce [of silver] 
for every four, besides many donations also. — Cathbarr Ua 
Domnaill,^ king of Cenel-Lughdach, died. — Ceallach [suc- 
cessor of Patrick went] upon circuit^ of Munster also [for] 
the first turn^ so that he took away his full circuit[-sum] : 
namely, seven cows and seven sheep and a half ounce for 
every cantred* of land in Munster, besides many valuable 
gifts as well. And Ceallach also received the orders of 
archbishop^ on that occasion, by direction of the Men of 



" Cathbarr Ua Domnaill. — His 
name occurs on the reliquary 
called the Cathach, a silver case, 
enclosing the Psalter. See Eeeves, 
Adamnan, p. 319, sq. 

5 Circuit. — This Yisitation of 
Munster, it is significant, was not 
mentioned in the Annals oflnnis- 
fdllen. 



* Cantred. — Literally, thirty hun- 
dred. About twice the size of a 
barony, according to Dr. Reeves 
(Townland Distribution oj Inland, 
Proc. E.I.A., vii., p. 475). 

^ Orders of archbishop. — As the 
non-consecration of Cellach in the 
preceeding year, we may assume, 
was owing to the suffragan being 



78 



aw Mala ula"Dti. 



n-erienn.— Caincompuc hUa baigiU, uaf at epf cop (X.\]m- 
Tnaca,iti pace quieuiT;. — ec5airi,rii OClban, Tnorit;uuip eye. 

■jCaL Ian. 111. p., I. mi-, CCntio Domini m." c.° uii.° Snec- 
cai lai CO n-aiT)ce -do pei^^am in Cetiain" iaia peil pav- 
liaic, CO riola dp, cecpa 1 n-Gpinn — Cenn-copa'o vo 
lopcaxi ('Do'' aic'') eT:ep va Caipc, co pepcaic TiaBac ecep 
mm 7 bpogoi-D.— Concobup, mac T)iiinnpleibe, pTOomna 
Ulax), -DO mapba'D -do pepaib ■pepn-muigi.— TnaiT)m pia 
n-tli[b]-bpefail pop tli[b]-mei€, 1 copcaip a n-dp, im a 
P15, mon, OCe-o hUa Innpeaccaig.— Cacupac hUa T;uam- 
ma [1] n, pi hUa-m-bpiuin CCpcaiUe, -do gum -do Uib-Cpe- 
muainn, co n'-Depbailu -oe- Gojan, mac TTlic Riabaig, -do 
mapbaf) 'n-a xiigail. — 'Plitic xioinenn mop ipin blia-bain 
pi, CO pomiU na baplSanna. — TTIael-pacpaic bUa 
B47b *Optica[i]n -DO I sabail pepupabeiginn CCipDe-TYlaca 
lUoo peile OCilbe 7 mobaipi T)aim-innpi. 1T!ael-Colaim 
hUa bpol,ca[i]n -do gabail eppcopoice lap n-amapac. — 
81c m-blia-ona -do •oenam -do Chellac, comapba pacpaic, 
icep TTlupca'D hUa m-bpiain 7 "Oomnall, mac TTlic 
Loclamn. 

[bipl ]cal. Ian. 1111. p., I. x. u., CCnno TDomini TYl." c." uin." 
tuimnec -do lopcaxi -do air;u.^T)omnalt bUa CCnbeic, pi 
hUa-meiu; "Domnall hUa Tluaipc, pi hUa m-bpiuin, 
occipi punc. — Ceallac, comapba pacpaic, pop cuaipc 

A.D. 1107. ^ .cam, MS. b-b iti., t.h., MS. ; om., C. 



alive, it -will follow that the present 
event, though recorded in oonnexiou 
with the Munster visitation, took 
place after the death of O'Boyle. 

In addition, Ceilach's assumption 
of the primacy had, according to the 
present Annals, been acquiesced in 
by the southern moiety of Ireland. 

^ Bishop of Ard-Macha. — That is, 
■without territorial j urisdiction . He 



had been consecrated as suflfragan 
of Domnall on Whitsunday, 1099 
(supra). 

' Donnell, etc. — Given thus in C. 
The original is in Annals of Boyle 
(ad an.). 

1 107. 1 i^e«.— Literally, to fall. 

^ Wednesday. — The date is thus 
fixed, because the feast of St. 
Patrick fell on Sunday in this yean 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



79 



Ireland. — Caincomruc Ua Baighill, emiaent bishop of [1106] 
Ard-Macha,® restediu peace. — Etgair,kingoi Scotland, died. 
(" Donell' Mac Eory O'Conor deposed by Murtagb 
O'Bryan and put Tirlagh, his cossen, in his place to be 
b-ng.") 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 4th of the moon, a.d. [1io7J 
1107. Snow of a day and a night felP [on] the Wednesday^ 
[March 13] before the feast of Patrick, so that there en- 
sued destruction of cattle in Ireland. — Cenn-coradh was 
burned (by lightning) between the two Easters^ [April 14- 
April 21], together with sixty vats of mead and bragget. — 
Conchobur, son of Donnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha], royal heir 
of Ulidia, was killed by the Men of Fern-Magh.' — A 
defeat [was inflicted] by the Ui-Bresail upon the Ui-Meith, 
wherein fell a slaughter of them, including their 
king, namely, Aedh Ua Innreachtaigh. — Cathusach Ua 
Tuammain, king of the Ui-Briuin of Archaille, was 
wounded by the Ui-Oremhthainn, so that he died thereof. 
Eogan, son of Mac Riabaigh, was killed in revenge of 
him. — Excessive wet bad weather in this year, so that it 
destroyed the crops. — Mael-Patraic Ua Drucain took the 
lectorship of Ard-Macha on the day of the feast of [St.] 
Ailbe and of [St.] Molaisse of Daimh-inis [Sep. 12], 
Mael-Coluim Ua Brolchain received episcopal consecration* 
after the morrow. — -Peace of a year was made by Cellach, 
successor of Patrick, between Murchadh Ua Briain and 
Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 15th of the moon, a.d. HlOSBis.] 
1108. Limerick was burned by lightning. — Domnall Ua 
Anbeith, king of Ui-Meith ; Domnall Ua Ruairc, king of 
Ui-Briuin, were slain.^ — CeaUach, successor of Patrick, 



' Two Easters. — That is, Easter 
Sunday and Low Sunday. The 
latter was called in Irish Minchaisc, 
little Easter (1109 infra). 



* Episcopal consecration. — Liter- 
ally, episcopacy. He succeeded Ua 
Baighill, who died in 1106, supra. 

1108. 1 ff ere ifem —The plural 



80 



CCMNalCC UlCTOll. 



A 49a 



Connacc ceT;na'' cujfi, co rue a 65-ifieiia. — Oenluf htia 
Cleiiacen, moefiT)hail-Caif ; CeaUac hUa Coemoiaa[i]n, 
comafiba Cainni^ [obieiaunt:'']. — CCrac ^mri "do uiaccain 
hi t;e|i[T;] "Mon SepT;imbi|i.— Tec "oo gabail vo 11° 
ITla^samTia 7 -do W maeliiuanais pofi SoU n-garib- 
iaaiT)e(iDon,'^eocai'D,TnacT)uiTinfleibehtli GocaTia^), i-oon, 
poiT, iai§ n-t1laT» 7 a 'oicenTiaxi leo. — CCexi, mac "Ouib- 
7)aleiui (iTJon,^ ■pofai|\cir:nec CCiia-Da-Tnaca"), aT)buiT. 
comayiba pacifiaic, -do ec — "Oaip-mef mofipoefiinn uile. 
— bliax)aiii ymac con-'Degfin jcomma-D ap-Ba 7 meafa 
in bliaT)ain yi. — 1nif-htla-LabiT.ax>a 7)0 cogail la Ppu- 
TYIanac. 

jCal. Ian. ui. -p., I. xcc. ui., CCnno "Oomini nn.°c.° icc.° 
CCcupin Chaifcpoifiipepc^lcalann TTlai 7 mmcaifcCpofi] 
ala lai^iu t)o ishamyiax) 7 peil TTlocoemoCiJc'' teic po|i 
Sacap-n Inici. 'gilla-CCilbe btia Ciapmaic, ]i\ CCine- 
Cbac, mnoifxrutif^ eye. — ITlael-lfu htia Cuilen, uapal- 
efpoc 'Cuaipciyic Gpenn ; CCen^uf hUa T)oninalLa[i]n, 
pyiiTTianmcayia Samca Columi-ciUe [obiefiuni;]. — CCp 
blla-m-bfiepail im a yii^, luon, im "Dapcin 7 htli-n-ecac 

A.D. 1108. •'.c.na,MS. b Also om. in C. <= Accented, MS. d-dpartly 
itl., partly r.ni., t.h., MS. ; om., C. '■" itl., t.h., MS. ; given in text, C. 
A.D. 1109. lull., A, B. =— cuy', B. » mocolmoc. A, B, C. 



formula is retained with only one 
of the two names in the Annals 
of Loch Ce ; proving that the com- 
piler did not understand the 
original. 

^Successor of [<?«.] Cainnerh. — 
Ahbot of Aghaboe, co. Kilkenny. 

" Came. — Literally, to come. 

^ Ua Maeh-uanaiyh. — He is not 
mentioned in the list inL.L.(p.41d), 
which states that the Mng was 
killed by Eochaid Ua Mathgamna. 
Herewith the Annals of InnisfalUn 
[ad an.') agree. 

^ Eligible to be successor, — Liter- 
ally, material of " mccessor. 



Adbwi- with the genitive signifies 
idiomatically one qualified by de- 
scent, or otherwise, for an office. 
After the death of his father, Dub- 
daleithe, in 1064 {supra), Aedh's 
claim was successively set aside in 
favour of Mail-Isu and Dbmnall, 
sons of Amalgaid. He was too 
old for election when DomnaU died. 

1109. ^ Second day. — In di'ebus. 
O'Conor. Little Easter he trans- 
lates by Pentecostes. But this was 
an oversight, as at 1107 he gives 
Dominica in Albis. The same cri- 
teria are noted at 918 (=919), 
supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



81 



[went] upon circuit of Connaoht the first time, so that he 
took away his full demand. — Oengus Ua Cleirchen, steward 
of Dal-Cais ; Ceallach Ua Coemorain, successor of [St.] 
Cainnech,^ died. — A gust of wind came ^ on the 3rd of the 
Nones [3rd] of September. — A house was seized by TJa 
Mathgamna and by Ua Maelruanaigh* upon GoU Garb- 
hraidhe (namely, Eochaidh, son of Donnsleibhe Ua 
Eochadha), that is, the king of Ulidia and he was beheaded 
by them. — Aedh, son of Dubdaleithi (namely, deputy- 
herenagh of Ard-Macha), one eligible to be successor^ of 
Patrick, died. — Great oak-crop throughout aU Ireland. — 
A sappy year with good weather and abundance of corn 
and of fruit [was] this year. — Inis-Ua-Labradha was 
razed by the Fir-Manach. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6 th feria, 26 th of the moon, a.d. 
1109. And Easter [fell] upon the 7th of the Kalends of 
May [April 25] and little Easter [upon] the 2nd dayi of 
Summer [May 2] and the feast of Mochoemoc of Liath 
upon the Saturday of the Beginning [of Lent,^ March 13]. 

Gilla-Ailbe Ua Ciarmaic, king of Aine-Cliach, died. — 
Mael-Isu Ua Cuilen, eminent bishop of the JSTorth of Ire- 
land; Oengus Ua Domnallain, chief soul-friend of the 
Community of Colum-cille, died. — Slaughter of the Ui- 
Bresail [took place] around their king, that is, around 

Vi. Id. [Feb.} — Primus diesforsa 
m-U Init — [Feb.] 6. First day on 
which is Lent (ib.) 

Vi. Id. [Feb.] — Initii principium 
(Cal. appended to Bede'e works). 

Vi. Id. [Feb.] — Primitus incipit 
ieiunandi tempus adortum (Metrical 
CaL Galba, Brit. Mus., Hampson : 
Med. Aevi Eal, p. 399). 

Vi. Id. [Feb.} — Frima Quadra- 
ffesimale] Dominica (Cal. Vttellius, 
ib., p. 423). 

In the Calendar, the Golden 
Numher XVI. stands opposite Feb. , 



[1108] 



[of lent]. — It was 
the Saturday before the first Sun- 
day in Lent. All these data, 
which are so valuable for determin- 
ing the year, have been omitted 
by the Four Masters. 

The equivalenoeof Init (gen. initi, 
— ejflnitium uniLent is nhowniathe 
following excerpts from Calendars : 

Via. Id. [Feb.] — Primus diesforsa 
m-bi prim iuati,ad} esc[a]i Initi — 
[Feb.J 6. First day on which is the 
first [day] of the moon of Lent (L. 
3. Cal. of Oengus, p. 80). 



[1109] 



82 



ccNNttlcc uLcroli. 



■DO cuicim lahlta-TTleicyla'Peifiu ■peian-rTiui^i.— Slogax) 
la Tnoi|^ce|icac hUa m-bpiaini ^onii-Din Tnoficaxia htli 
1Tlail-8eclainn, co iioaiirig 'oiieim -do ■Ui[b]-Ofiiuin. 
Slogaxi -oano' la "Oomnall htla loclamn co "Cuaifceiac 
Gifienn co SliaB-n-['ph]uait;, co n-Detina Celiac/ com ayiba 
Par^i^aic, fic Tn-bliaT)na ecep hUa m-bpiain 7 hUa 
Loclainn, co n-'oeca'Duia 'CuaipceiiT; n-eyienn lafifin co 
ima§ Til1a-Tn-b|iefail, 1:011 ammuf Ulax) bacufi 1 TTlaig- 
CoBa, CO caiTDipac tlla[i]fi na ceoyia pallu yiouosfox; 
pern "DoiB. — 'Cociaic, comafiba Sarhcainne® Cluana- 
Ofionaij, quieinc. — CCexi hUla UuaiiacDO ^eccillongpoiir; 
B 47c Tnofxcatia hUi mael-Seclainn 1:0 v6, | co i^olla® d|i 
rpia efcaine Saiiica pariyiaic. — CCfi hUa-ITIeic im a pig 
iT)on, ^oll Oaipce 7 'opem'^ 'o'peyiai^ ■pepn-muigi "do 
■cuintn la hUi-Ofief ail 7 la hUib-ecac.— ^"Oomnall pua'D 
TTlac ^illa-pacpaic, pi Ofpaigi, -do mapbax) vo mac- 
caeb aile ic cop cloce. — •TDonnca'D hlla "DuibDipma 
imopcufu]pepc. 

(5illa-paupaic^ bUa Selbaig, aipcinnec Copcaigi^ 
mopicup''.) 

|Cal. Ian. uii. p., I. uii-, CCnno T)omifii 171." c." x." 
eccigepn bUa'' pepgail, ppitiiaclaec^ cogaixie, in pace 
qmeuiT;. — gi^^cC'Coltiinn bUa TTIaelmuai'D, pi 'Pep-ceall 
iU5iilaT;upepc. — Cepnac, mac TDic Ulca, aipcinnec Cula- 
pacain, in pemuencia tnopTJUup eye. — (hl1la[i]T)'' -do 
apcam TTlucntima -oia lap^) piann TlUa CCexia, comapba 
eineCCpann.mopcuupepc. — ITIaelpuanaiglitla'macanen, 

^ Tiono, B. * Cea — , B. = — cuitine, B. ^^xold:, B. ^ ■ojieam, A. 
*— cai-oe, A. '=■1= 1. to., Uh., A, B. ; om., C. 

A.D. 1110. 1 — loec, B. ^ repeated in B by mistake. '=-'' l.m. t. h., 
A. ; om., B, C. 



6, and Feb. 8 is the first Sunday of 
Lent, when Easter (XVI. D) faUs 
on March 22 (the earliest date). 

The omission of Ash-Wednesday 
is noteworthy. 

' To attack. — Literally, upon 
attacJc. 



* Superioress. — Literally, successor. 

^ Malediction. — According to an 
entry in the F,M., Murohad had 
pillaged Fir-Eois and killed the 
king, in violation of the Staff of 
Jesus and the successor of Patrick 
the same year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



83 



Dartiu and the Ui-Echach were overtlirown by the Ui- [1109] 
Meith and by the Men of Fern-magh. — A hosting by 
Muircertaeh Ua Briainin aid of Murchadh Ua Mael-Sech- 
lainn, so that he harried some of Ui-Briuin. — A hosting 
also by Domnall Ua LochlaiEn with the JSTorth of Ireland 
to Sliab-[F]uait, until Cellach, successor of Patrick, made 
peace of a year between Ua Briain and Ua Lochlainn : so 
that the North of Ireland went after that to the Plain of 
Ui-Bresail, to attack^ the Ulidlans who were in Magh- 
Cobha, until the UHdians gave up to them the three 
pledges they themselves chose> — Cocrich, superioress* [of 
the Community] of [St.J Samhthainn of Cluain-Bronaigh, 
rested. — Aedh Ua Euairc went twice into the camp of 
Murchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, so that he inflicted slaughter 
through the malediction^ of the Community of Patrick. — 
Slaughter of the Ui-Meith [took place] around their king, 
namely, GoU Bairche and some of the Men of Fern-Magh 
fell by the Ui'Bresail and by the Ui-Echach. — Domnall 
Mac Gilla-Patraic the Eed, king of Ossory, was killed by 
another youth in playing a game. — Donnchadh Ua Duib- 
dirma died^ 

(Gilla-Patraic^ Ua Selbaigh, herenagh of Cork, dies.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 7th of the moon, [HIO] 
A.D. 1110. Echtigern Ua Ferghail, a very select lay- 
brother,^ rested in peace. — Gilla-Coluim Ua Maelmuaidh, 
king of Fir-Ceall, was strangled. — Cormac, son of Mac 
Ulchaj herenagh of Cuil-rathain, died in penance. — (The 
Ulidians pillaged Mucnom to its centre. — ^)Flann Ua 
Aedha, successor of [St.] Eine of Ara, died. — ^Maelruanaigh 
Ua Maohainen, king of Mughdoirn, was slain.^ — Murchadh, 



^ OiUa-Patratc, etc. — Griyen in 
C.■,a^soint'he Annals of Innisfalkn 
(ad cm. ; where he is called successor 
of Barr, that is, bishop of Cork). 

1110. ^Lay-brother. — Bee 1086, 
note 5. C. renders the word atlilaech 
" old champion " ! 



' TTas slain. — The Four Masters 
erroneously state that he died a 
natural death. 

^ Three. — In the Chronicon Scot- 
orttm the names of only two are 
given. 



84 



CCMNalCC vilccvh. 



111 Tnus-Doiin, occifUf eft;. — TTlufica'D, mctc "Cai-Dg hUi 
Oiiiain, fii'Domna TTltiman, tnop-utiuf efc. — Oebinn, injen 
CenneT:i5 htli Op.iain, ben "Oomnaill hUi Loclamn, fiig 
CC1I15, TnofiT^uaefc. — Cfiec la "Oomtiall hUa toclainn 1 
ConnacuailD, co uuc mile -do bfiaic 7 ilmile •do buaiB" 
(no'', -DO ce^aiB""). — TYlai-Drn Roif (no", na Rof') ap, 
belaiB Cjauacna \i\a Sil-TTluifie'Daig afi ConmaicniB, 1 
coficfiacufi cfii hOe [phjep-gaile 7 mai^i imxia ayicena- — 
Oifian htia Oiauic, fenoiyi lafi-TTltntian ; ^illa-pacpdic 
htia "Duibyia-ca, -peialeiginn Cille-'oa-lua 7 fui TTlunian ; 
■pep.'oortinac -oall, peiileisinn Cille-Daifia, (i-oon^ fui 
cfiuiciiaeccaO [moi^T^ui ftinu]. — Celiac, comaiibapaT^ifiaic, 
ceuna cu|i poia cuaipT: TTli-De, co. t:uc a |iei|i. 

(maiT)ni^ lim Conmaicnil!) ipo|i8il-Tinui]fieT)ai5, ixion, 
mait)inn TTluisi-bpensaip,^.) 

_4^49 ICal. Ian. 1. p., I. cc. U111., CCnno "Domini 1X1.° c.° x.° 1.° 

"Ooinenn -Deiimaiifi laeoixi 7 -pneccai, co |iolai d]a cennuai 
7 alz:ai. — Cauufac htia Lea-oai -do Shama'D pauiaaic, 
uaf al f enoiiaeiaenn,in pace quieuic. — Lugmas ■do lo-pcax). 
— Po|iu-laiia5i DO lofcaxi. — Ceanannuf vo lofcaxi. — 
Slogax) la btlllcu co Tealac-n-oc, co pocef cf ac a bile^a. 
C|iec la Miall bUa Loclamn, co cue mile (no'' cfii mile"") 
■DO buaiB 1 n-a n-Digail. — 'Cenexn^aic^ vo lofcaD 'Duin- 
•oa-le^glaf, ecefiRaic 7 'Cpian. — Senax) vo t;inol 1 pia^- 
mic-CCengUfa la maiciB Bfienn im Chellac, comapba 
Pacpaic 7 im Tnael-TTluiiae hUa n-'Duna[i]n, im 

A.D". 1110. = cetyiaiVi— cattle, B. 'i-d itl., t.h., A., om., B. C. 
gives text and gloss — "of cowes and chattle." ^-^ itl., t.t., A.; om., 
B, C. f"f itl., t.h., A ; iiDon, yui -pyiuici •p.ecca — namely, very distinguished 
master of law,'&; followed by 0; "Chief lerned ia la we." s-^n.t.h., 
A ; om. , B. Given in C, 

A.D. 1111. i-^Tiaicc (=-01 arcc), B. 2 coecaic. A; .l.aic, B, ^ NiaU, — 
[aiti], A. The omission of the braoketted portion was, no doubt, a mls- 



^ Senior.— ^ee A.D. 1088, note^-^. 

^ Harping, — The F.M. improve 
upon B and read sruithe rechta. But 
the unaspirated t of their original 



shows that sruiti rechta arose from 
misreading cruitirechta. 

^ Defeat.— GriYen in C; ; also in 
the Annals of Boyle^ 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



85 



son of Tadhg IJa Briain, royal heir of Munster, died. — 
Bebinn, daughter of Cennetigh Ua Briain, wife of Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn, king of Ailech, died. — A foray by Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn into Connacht, so that he took away a 
thousand captives and many thousands of cows (or of 
cattle). — The defeat of Eos (or of the Eossa) in front of 
Cruachan [was inflicted] by the Sil-Muiredhaigh on the 
Conmaicni, wherein fell three^ "Ui [F]ergaile and many 
nobles besides. — Bran Ua Bruic, senior* of West Munster ; 
Gilla-Patraic Ua Duibratha, lector of Cell-da-lua and doctor 
of Munster ; Ferdomnach the Blind, lector of Cell-dara 
(namely, a master of harping^), died. — Cellach, successor 
of Patrick, [went] the first time upon circuit of Meath, so 
that he took away his demand. 

(Defeat^ [was inflicted] by the Conmaicni upon the Sil- 
Muiredaig, namely, the Defeat of Magh-Brengair.) 



[UIOJ 



Kalends of Jan, on 1st feria, 18th of the moon, a.d. 
1111. Very great bad weather of frost and snow, so that 
it caused destruction of tame and wild animals. — Cathusach 
Ua Leadai of the Community of Patrick, eminent senior i 
of Ireland, rested in peace. — Lugmagh was burned. — 
Port-lairgi was burned. — Oenannus was burned. — Ahosting 
by the UHdians to Telach-oc, so that they uprooted its 
trees.^ A foray [was made] by Niall Ua Lochlainn, so 
that he took away a thousand (or three thousand) cows, in 
revenge thereof. — Fire of lightning burned Dun-da- 
lethglas, both Close and Third.^ — A Synod was assembled 
at Fiadh-Mic-Oenghusa* by the nobles of Ireland around 
Cellach, successor of Patrick and around Mael^Muire Ua 



[1111] 



1111. ^Senior. — See note ^ of 
preceding year. G. took samadh 
{community) to signify "reJiques." 

2 Ti-ees.— See a.d. 1099, note 3. 

' Close and Third. — From this 
it may be inferred that Down- 



patriok was built on the plan of 
Armagh, 

* Fiadh-Mic- Oenghma. — TTte wood 
of the son of Oengus. See Lanigan, 
iv. 37, and O'Donovan's note. Four 
Masters, ii. 991-2. 



86 



aMNalcc tilaT)ti. 



liuai"al-feTioii;i Gifienn, co coicait;^ n-epfcop, uel paulo 
plup, CO C1T.1 cezm^ facap-T; 7 co cpi imibB mac n-ecalpa, 
im muipcepuac, im hUabpiain (muipcepTOc" mop 
bpiain*), CO mm^iB Lece TTlo^a, im epail piagla 7 
l!47d pobepa I pop cac, et;ep coaiu 7 eclaip. — 'Oorinca'D 
hUa hCCnluain, pi hUa-NiaUaiti,^ -oo mapbax) -Dia 
bpai€piB 1 meSail. "Ma bpaiuip hipm pein xio mapba-o 
■DO UiB-'HiaUain' 1 11-a ■Digail pia cenn p1ceI;'a1-Dce.— 
ComTlal iT;ep T)omnaU hlla loclainn 7 "Ooniicax) hUa 
n-eocaT)a econ Cuan, co n-'oepnpcrc lanpic 7 co 
t;apT)pai; tlla[i]'D etiepexia a piapa pein -do T)omnaU 
hUal^oclamn. 

[b,v^.] ICal. 1an. 11. p., L xx. ^x., CCnno T)omiTii 171." c." a:." 11.° 
Rai€ CCpDa-TTlaca co n-a t;empuU t»o lopca-oi" ri-T)ecim 
"jCallann' CCppil7 -oa ppei€ 'Cpin TYlappatn^ 7 in vxiey 
ppeiu T)o 'Cpiun mop. — Conjalac, mac TTlic ConcaiUe, 
aipcinnec "Daipe, ipin cecpamax)" blia-Dain nocac' 
aeT:aT;ippu[a]e, in penit;c-nt;ia^ opcima quieuix:;. — Cpecla 
'Oomnall hUa Loclainn cap pne-n -Sail, cocucbopoma 
mop 7 bpaicc im-oa. — ^opmlaTt, ingen TYlupca'Da TTlic 
"Oiapmaca, it)0ti, comapba bpigce, in bona pemcencia 
mopcua epc. 

jcal. 1an. 1111. p., l.x., CCnno "Domini 1X1." c. x.° 111.° 
Connla hUa ipiainn, comapba TYlolaipe Le-cglinne, 
quietnc. — Caep-cemex) do -ciacuain ai'oce psili^ Pacpaic 
pop Cpuacan-CCigle, co pomill cpicic" tiowu oep 

take.— a-ajtl., t.K, A, B. Adopted into text, 0, '=■1' r.m., n.t.h., A; 
om., B, C. "^xx., A, B. 

A.D. 1112. ' TTlapan, A. ^'penicencm, A. — »■» in .x. kl., A, B. ^ om., 
B. '^■'^ ini.ma'o bliaxiain xc, A, B. 

A.D. 1113. 1 peil, A. a XXX., A, B. 



1112. 1 Gi-eat jAJrf.— The Saxon 
Third was uninjured. 

2 Successor of [St.] BrigiL—Thett 
is, abbess of BUdare. 

1113. ^ Of the fasting folk— 
O'Concr reads don does troscthi-de 



tugiiriis jejunantium. But oes with 
the genitive is a living idiom, 
denoting a class, or description of 
persons. According to the Tripar- 
tite Life (Part II.) and the Book of 
Armagh (fol. 13 c, d), St. Patrick 



AXNALS OF ULSTER. 



87 



Dunain, eminent senior of Ireland, with 50 bishops, or a [lUi] 
little more, together -with 300 priests and with 3000 
ecclesiastics, around Muircertach TJa Briain (Muircertach 
O'Briain the Great), together with the nobles of the Half 
of Mogh, to enjoin rule and good conduct upon every one, 
both laic and cleric. — Donnchadh TJa A.nluain, king of Ui- 
Niallain, was killed by his kinsmen in treachery. These 
same kinsmen were killed by the Ui-Niallain in revenge 
thereof, before the end of twenty nights. — A meeting [took 
place] between Domnall IJa Lochlainn and Donnchadh Ua 
Ua Eochadha at the Cuan, so they made plenary peace and 
the Ulidians gave hostages of his own choice to Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 29th of the moon, a.d. [iii2Bis.] 

1112. The Close of Ard-Macha, with its church, was 
burned on the 10th of the Kalends of April [March 23] 
and two streets of Massan-Third and the third street of the 
Great Third.^^ — -Congalach, son of Mac Conchaille, herenagh 
of Daire, rested in most excellent penance, in the 94th year 
of his age. — A foray by Domnall Ua Lochlainn over Fine- 
Gall, so that he took away great cattle-spoil and many 
captives. — Gormlaith, daughter of Murchadh Mac Diar- 
mata, namely, successor of [St.] Brigit,^ died in good 
penance. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 10th of the moon, a.d. [llisj 

1113. Connla Ua Flainn, successor of [St.] Molaise of 
Leithglenn, rested. — A thunderbolt come on [Monday, 
March 17] the night of the feast of Patrick upon Cruachan- 
Aighle, so that it destroyed thirty of the fasting folk^. — 



fasted during a Lent on Cruachan- 
Aighle (Croagh-Patrick, co. Mayo). 
Tlie observance of the fast by 
pilgrims, it appears fromthepresent 
entry, had become customary there 
at this time. 

^ The [two Saints] Ui Suanaigh. — 
There were two grandsons of Sua- 



nach, who were likewise abbots 
of Eahen, King's Co. ,— Fidmuine, 
whose obit is given supra, a.d. 756 
(=757) and who is commemorated 
in the Calendar of Oengus at May 
16 and Fidairle (not given in the 
Calendar), whose festival was Oct. 1. 
3 Steward. — Of the Armagh, 



ccMMalcc vtlccoK 



A 49c 



B4&a 



ciaoifc[c]i.— t)iarimait; hlla CeUaig, | comaiiba ht1[a] 
Suanaig; DiarimaiT;'' hUa lonsa[i]n, maeri TTluman, i 
n-ai-Dci peilepa-Dpaig"; mael-Seaclainn hUaConcobaiTi, 
liiCotT.comriuac; PiiTDcaifehtlaJ oyi5ipi^,|ii Ttail-OCriaTOe, 
in penicenuia TTiorictii func. — ■plal.nacan^ mac TTIael- 
IfU, aT)bu|i ahha-o CCiyiti-maca, \afi n-a ongaT) 7 myi 
n-aicrnje cosaixie, in pace obiic." — T)OTitica'D htia 1:0111- 
ceipt; Tio Tnapbaxi la 111011 htla loclainn, la pi^ 
CeTiiu[i]l-ConailL — T)omnaU, mac t)orincaTia hiii= 
SiUai-pacpaic, -do maiiba^ -do ^ull ^abpain.— Sloga'D 
la T)omnall htla loclainn co Ceneol-eogain 7 Conaill 
7 OCitisiallu^ (co ^lenn-Rigs"), co pomnaribfai^afi 
T)onncaT) a pige tllax) 7 co fioriannTrai; IJllcu eve]i htla 
IDa-c^amna 7 macu IDiiinnrleibe. TDal-n-CCriai-De 
imoppo" 7 hUi-eacac aice pem. Sloga'S la moip,- 
cepT;ac htla m-bfiiam co pepaiB TTluman 7 co laigniB 
7 Connaccaib co TTIag-Coba, 1 poipicin 'Donnca'oa. 
Sloga'D -oano la 'Oomnall | htla Loclainn cup na 
plogaiB p.empaicib co ma^-Coba beup, 1 poipirm Ula-o, 
co paibe imepe^ caca ecefipu, co laoneuappcap, Celiac, 
comapba paT;iT.aic, po^ne pic[a]. T)onncat> imo|ip,o htla 
Goca-Da vo -DallaTi la heocai'o htla TTiarj^amna 7 la 
htlllcu. — Sloga-D la TTluiiaceiacac htla m-bpiain 7 la 
Leic ITIosa, eiseploec 7 clei|iiuc, co ^^lienoic. "Domnall, 
imoppo, mac ITIic Loclamn, co maiuib '(:;uaipce[i]pc Gpenn 
CO Cluain-cam pep-poip, co m-boDap ppi pe mip cinT) 
comap, CO n-tiepnai Ceallac, comapba pcrcpaic 7 bacall 
Ipu beop pi^ m-blia-ona ecappu. — Scamneap cpoTia et;ep 
2— 5iaU, A. ^^v(\eip,A.— D-" om., B. ; given in C. ^mic— o/«Ae 
son,B. C. agrees with A. ''■'^ itl., t.li., A, B. =om.,A. 



or primatial, cess (1106, supra). In 
explanation of i;he term, ii; is to be 
noted that in the Annals of Innis- 
fallen [ad an.) O'Longan is called 
superior [comarba) of Ard-Patriok 
(CO. Limerick). This church ie men- 
tioned in the Tripartite as founded 



by St. Patrick. In the Chronicon 
Seotorum he is called herenagh of 
Ard-Patrick. It is added that he 
was kiUed by lightning on Croagh- 
Patriek, a statement that hardly 
agrees with the quievit in Cliristo of 
the provincial Chronicle. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 89 

Diarmait Ua OellaigL., successor of the [two Saints] TJi [ms] 
Suanaigh^ ; Diarmait UaLongain, steward' of Munster, on 
the night of the feast of Patrick ; Mael-Sechlainn TJa Con- 
chohair, king of Corcom" ^Jh ; Findchaise Ua Loingsigh, 
king of Dal-Araidhe, died in penance. — Flannacan, son 
of Mael-Isu, one eligible to be abbot* of Ard-Macha, after 
his being anointed and after select penance, died in peace. — 
DonnchadhUa Taircheirt was killed by NiallUa Lochlainn, 
[namely] by the king of Cenel-Conaill. — Domnall, son of 
Donnchadh grandson of Gilla-Patraic [king of Ossory], 
was killed by [his brother] Groll Gabrain. — A hosting 
by Domnall Ua Lochlainn together with the Cenel- 
Eogain and [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and the Airgialla (to 
Glenn-E,ighe), so that they expelled Donnchadh from the 
kingship of Ulidia and divided Ulidia between Ua Math- 
gamna and the sons of Donnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha]. Dal- 
Araidhe, however, and Ui-Echach [were reserved] to him- 
self. A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain with the men of 
Munster and with the Leinstermen and Connacht to Magh- 
Cobha, in aid of Donnchadh. A hosting also by Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn with the hosts aforesaid to Magh-Cobha too, 
in aid of the Ulidians : so that there was imminence of battle 
between them, until Oeallach, successor of Patrick, separ- 
ated them under guise of peace. Nevertheless, Donnchadh 
Ua Eochadha was blinded^ by Eochaidh Ua Mathgamna 
and by the Ulidians. — A hosting by Muircertach Ua 
Briain and by the Half of Mogh, both laic and cleric, to 
Grenoc. But Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, [came] 
with the nobles of the North of Ireland to Cluain-cain of 
Fir-Eois, so that they were for the space of a month facing 
each other, until Ceallach, successor of Patrick and the 
StafE of Jesus also made peace of a year between them. — 
A courageous skirmish [was fought] between the men of 

* Eligible to he abbot. — Literally, i — (See 1108, note. 5.) Flannacan 
material of an abbot, materies abbatis. I was uncle of Cellaoh. It was 

G 



90 



aMMttla nlccroh. 



■phiyiti ■petin-muip •pa'oein 1 t;oiaciaaT)ap. "oa ptiomna 
■peiin-muip, i-oon, hlla Cifiica[i]n 7 htla 'Donnaca[i]n. 

ICal. Ian. u. -p., Locx. 1., CCnno T)omini m.° c" cc.° 1111.° 
•piann, tnac mic" [■pti]lanncaxia,coTnaiaba TTIolairi T)aim- 
innfi; rnael-CoUiifn hUa CoiaTnaca[i]n, comayiba einne 
CC|iaTiTi ; T)iaiamaiT; htla piamncua, coma|xba CCilbe 
Imteca-iBaip, hoafal-epf cop 7 peifileisiiToS eianeijac f eoir; 
7 biiT), einig 7 "oeiiace; peyi'DOTTiTiac hUa Clucaiti, com- 
ayiba Cenannfa, iti pace quieueiauriT;. — 'CeTOTn salaifi 
■moi|i -DO gabail TTluiiiceiauaig htli bpain, ps ep,enn, co 
n-'Deifinai anpabifiacuai^ "oe 7 co yiofcap. ^111 a p^e. 
"Oiaiamaic imoiT.|io tjosabailtiip TTluTnaTi 1 n-apia'Dnuife, 
cen cecu^UTi. — SluagaTila'OoTnnallhtlaLoclaiTin coTlai^- 
Cennais, co cdimj GocaTO htla TDacsainna co n-tlllT:aiB 
1 n-at;ec7 'Donnca'D hlla loinsipis co n-T)al-CCp.aix)e 7 
CCexi hUa Uuaiiac co peiaaiB biaeipne 7 TTlUfica'D htla 
mael-Seclamn co pep.aiB mixie. T)ollocaia layi Tpin, 
•DibbnaiB, "oap, CCu-ltiain co 'Duri-teo'oa, co udinig 'Cm\i]i- 
■oebbac hUa Concobaifi co Conna&ailS 7 'Niall htla 
toclainn, a'' mac paxle1n^ co Cenel-Conaill 1^ n-a aifiiucc.^ 
T)ococaiT, immtiifipo uile laji fin co T^elai5-htla-n-T)e'6ai5* 
1 n-T)ail-Caif, co n'-oeianfacaii offaxi m-blia'Sna 7 Pp. 
Tnuman. X)meocam T)ono "Domnall htla toclainn ap 
put; Connacc "oia C15. — CCexi, mac 'Donnca'oa htli Goca'Sa, 
pi-Domna Ula'c; "Donnca'D htla l-oinjpig, pi "Dail- 

A.D. 1114. ^ ■petiteijinn, A. ^ aiTpab-p,acca('DC otn.), B. ^-' inn-a 
aeKiicc.A. * — egaij, B, — » om. , B ; given in C. •'•i=iT)on,mac"OomTiaiWi 
•paTiem — namely, the son of Domnall himself, itl., t.h. , B. C. agrees with A. 



owing perhaps to old age that he 
had been passed over in favour of 
liis nephew. 

^Blinded. — Thereby he became 
incapacitated to reign. Accord- 
ingly, in the regnal List (L. L. 
p. 41d), his successors, Aed and 
Eochaid (sons of Donnsleible) are 
set down after mention of his blind- 



ing, when he had reigned three 
years. 

1114. ^FerdomnachUa Clucaain. — 
He is called successor (comarba) 
of Colum-oiUe in the third charter 
of the Book of KeUs, in which he 
appears amongst the guarantors. 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 402. 

^ A skeleton. — For co n-dernai anfh- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



91 



Fern-magh themselves, wherein fell two royal heirs of 
Fern-magh, namely, Ua Cricain and TJa Donnacain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5 th feria, 21st of the moon, a.d. 
1114. Flann, son of Mac Flannohadha, successor of [St.] 
Molaise of Daim-inis ; Mael-Coluim Ua Cormacain, 
successor of [St.] Eine of Ara ; Diarmait TJa Flannchua, 
successor of [St.] Ailbe of Imlech-ibhair, archbishop and 
lector, bestower of treasure and of food, of hospitality and 
of charity ; Ferdomnach Ua Clucain,^ successor [of St. 
Columba in the monastery] of Cenannus, rested in peace. 
— A fit of heavy illness seized Muircertach Ua Briain, king 
of Ireland, so that he became a skeleton^ and parted with 
his kingship. But Diarmait took the kingship of Munster 
in his presence, without permission. — -A hosting by Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn to Rath-Cennaigh, so that there came into 
his house Eochaidh Ua Mathgamna with the Ulidians and 
Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh with the Dal-Araidhe and Aedh 
Ua Ruairc with the men of Breifne and Murchadh Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn with the men of Meath. They went 
after that, both [hosts], past Ath-Luain to Dun-Leodba, 
so that Tairrdelbach Ua Concobhair with the Connacht- 
men and Niall Ua Lochlainn, his own son, with the Cenel 
Conaill, came into his assembly. They all moreover went 
after that to Telach-Ua-Dedhaigh in Dal-Cais, so that 
they and the men of Munster made a truce of a y ear- 
Thereupon Domnall Ua Lochlainn went throughout 
Connacht to his house. — Aedh,^ son of Donnchadh* Ua 
Eochadha, royal heir of Ulidia ; Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, 
king of Dal-Araidhe ; Ua Canannain (namely, Euaidhri), 



alracUa, O' Conor (by oTerlooHng 
the contraction-marks, and mis- 
reading and dividing the last word) 
has condna an bhabrasa — ita ut snr- 
desoeret! But O'Donovan, -who 
•was not bothered by the term, aptly 
quotes (F. M., ii. 997-8) from 



Corinac's Glossary to prove that anfa- 
brachtai meant a person wasted by 
disease. 

3 Aedh, etc. — Of the four mention- 
ed in this entry, the Four Masters 
state that all but Ua Canannain 
died natural deaths. 

g2 



[1113] 



[1111] 



92 CCMMalCC UlaTDtl. 

B48b CCiaai'oe; hUa Cananna[i]n (I'Don," Rumvfu"), lai-Domlna 
Ceniuil-Conaill (o"* Cenel-eosain'') ; TTluiriceti^ac htla 
Loclainn, laToomna OC1I15, iniufue ini;efipecci furiT:. 

ICal. Ian. ui. p., l. 11., CCnno T)omini m." c° x." u." 
'Doinenn "Deinmaiia fieoixi 7 fnecT;a[i] o'n"' coicit) "oec 
]Calann enaiii'' co coicid'' "oec jcalann ina|icai,'' «el 
paulopluf, cofiola^ dp, en 7 cecpai 7 -oaine: T)ia^ |iof?aff 
cepcai moti po epinn uile 7 ilLaiginiB f eoc cac. — "Diap.- 
maic hUa bprnm, pi TTlunian, -do epjabaiL la TTluip- 
ce]a7;ac htia m-bpiain. — Bfce t)0 cabaipT: vo macaiB mic 
CCex)a, nrnc Ruaixipi, im 'Chaipp'oelbac hUa Concobaip, im 
pi5 Connacr (iT)on, 1 n-CCc-bo°), co poloiT^rec 7 coiT.'[b]o^ 
cpoli^i T)6. — TnaiTim p,ia n-T)onnnallhtla m-bpiain 7pia 
"gablaiB CCca-cliau popt Lai^niB, 1 copcaip, 'Donnca'D, hua 
A 49dend8 TTlail-na-mbo, fii hlla-Cemnpelaij | 7 Con cobup htia 
Concobuip, pi hUa-pailli, co n-a macailS 7 pocaiT)i 
apcena. — "Oomnall, mac "CaTOg hUi bpiam, |iiT)onina 
TTluman, vo mapbaxi ■do ConnaccaiB. — TTluipceprac hUa 
bpiain T)0 5abail a pip t)opi[-c]ipi 7'oo ciacuam, pluaigex), 
iliai^niB 7 1 m-bpegaiB. — T)arriliacc CCpT)a-bpeca[i]n, co 
n-a Idn vo "ooiniB, vo lopcaxi vo 'PepaiB, TTluman 7 cealla 
I'mxia apcena 1 pepaiB-bpeag. — Cpeac mop la 'Caipp'oeal- 
bac bUa Concobuip 7 la ConnaccaiB, co poaipspec co 
Lmmnnec (I'Don,'^ 'Cticrc-Tnuma[n]'*), co pucpac boppoma 
Tiiaipmi'De 7 bpaic imxia. — TTlael-Seclainn hlla TTlael- 
Seclamn, p.i'oomna 'Cemiaac, occipup epT:. 

c-c itl., t.h., A, B ; given in C. ^-^ itl., t.h., B ; om., A, C. 

A.D. 1115. ' Yvotae, A. Thee is meaningless, '■'j — anrf, prefixed, B. 
^gut^'bo, B.— a-^o'n .n.iT} T>ec Kl. &nailfi, A; o .xu. I<1. lanaifi, B. 
''■''ti.i'D .X. KLTTlaifica, A; .xu. Kte. TTlaiicai, B. ^-^itl., t.h., A. ; om., 
B.,; given in C. 

[Chasm in A up to A.D. 1162.] 

d-i itl., t.h., MS. (B) ; given in C. 



* Donnchadh. — He Tvas deposed 
and blinded in the preceeding year. 

^ Were unjustly slain. — The phrase, 
as here given, is applied to one 
of the individuals in the Annals 
of Loch Ce (ad atl.). 



1115, ^Dangerous illness — Li. 
terally, gory lying-down. 

^ Murtagk, etc ; Makon, etc.; Mur- 
tagh,etc.; Maolmai,etc. — Given in C. 
The entries here and elsewhere 
found in C. and omitted in B may 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



93 



royal heir of Cenel-Conaill (by the Cenel-Eogain) ; Muir- 
certach Ua Lochlainn royal heir of Ailech, were unjustly 
slttin.* 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 2nd of the moon, a.d. 
1115. Very hard weather of frost and snow from the 
15th of the Kalends of January [Dec. 18] to the 15th of 
the Kalends of March [Feb. 15], or a little longer ; so 
that it caused destruction of birds and cattle and people : 
whereof grew great dearth throughout all Ireland and in 
Leinster beyond every [place]. — Diarmait Ua Briain, king 
of Munster, was taken prisoner by Muircertach Ua Briaia. 
— An attack was made by the sons of Aedh, son of 
Ruaidhri, upon Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, [that is,] 
upon the king of Connacht (namely, in Ath-bo), so that 
they injured him. and dangerous illness^ resulted to him. 
— -A defeat [was inflicted] by Domnall Ua Briain and by 
the Foreigners of Ath-cliath upon the Leinstermen, 
wherein fell Donnchadh, grandson of Mail-na-mbo, king 
of Ui-Ceinnselaigh and Conchobur Ua Conchobuir, king 
of Ui-Failghi, with their sons and a multitude besides 
("and Murtagh^ O'Teg, king of Ferlii, [was] killed").— 
Domnall, son of Tadhg Ua Briain, royal heir of Munster, 
was killed by the Connachtmen. — ("Mahon^ Mac Maoilmaii, 
Eang of O'Neachaii in Munster; Maoilsechlain O'Fogartai, 
king of Eli [died]." — )Muircertach Ua Briain took his king- 
ship again^ and went on a hosting into Leinster and into 
B regha. — ("Murtagh^ O'Ciarmaic, king of O'Hane ; O'Conor 
Kyerry ; Don ell [Mac ?] MurchaO'Flainn; MacFlanchaa, 
king of Muskrai, all killed." — )The stone church of Ard- 
Brecain, with its complement of people, was burned by 
the Men of Munster and many churches besides in Fir- 
Bregh. — Great foray* by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobuir and 



have been contained in A. (See 
textual note a, 1117 infra.) Most 
of them relate to Munster, and of 
these the Annals of Innisf alien pass 
over the greater part. It thus 
follows that there existed a chor- 



nlcle of Momonian affairs, of which 
nothing is known at present. 

^ Took his Hngdom again. — See 
the second entry under the pre- 
oeeding year. 



[1114] 



[1115] 



94 



ccNMala uLcroli. 



[bif. ICal. 1an. uii. p, I. x. 111., CCnno "Oomim m.° c" x." tn." 

Ceallac, comaiaba pcrcpaic, fop. cum\i-c Connafc t>o'itd 
qaa cuyi, co cue a lancuaiiiT;. — Ceall-TDa-lua co n-a 
cempoU -00 lofcaxi. — Coiacac moia TTlunian; 7 Imlec- 
il5aiTi; T>m\izec TTIael-lfU Ui biaolca[i]n ; 7 bio's -do 
lifrtioti; CCca'D-mbo Cainni§ ; Cluain-ltiaiti'D crieimcrcae 
|^UTlc^— 'Cec n-abba-o moia OC|i-Da-Tnaca,co ipicic'=t;ai5i[B] 
ime, "DO lofcat) 1 cofuc Cop,|aiip na bliaxina fa. — 

B48c TTlcc^na pepT;ileTit;ia pamif a'ohuc a\mex: \ ilLeiu TTloga, 
ecep, taignicu 7 TTIuiTnnecu, co popafai^ cealla 7 T)Oine 
7 cuccca 7 CO yioeCflryiai-D^ fo efiirm 7 -Dap. Tnui|i 7 co 
l^ola dp, inna mere maccctca. — Latimunn, mac 'Oomnaill, 
hua 1115 CClban, -do mapba-o vo ^epai^ ITlopiab. — "Dep- 
bail, insen 'Coipp'oelbais hUi bpiain, moptrua epc. 

|caL 1an. 11. p, L, oca;. iiii-, CCnno T)omini TTl." c.°oc° tiii.° 
Concobuphtla Caipilla[i]n xio mapbaxcoolPepaiB-Tnanac. 
— Cacupac htla Cnaill, uapal-eppcop Connacc, in 
Cbyiifco ■Dopmiuic* — THael-bpisce TTlac ■R,ona[i]n, 
comapba Cenannpa, 7 ap THuinninpi Cenannpa ime, vo 
mapba-D -do CCexi htla Ruaipc 7 "do tli[b]-bpitiin 1 n-CCine 

A.D. 1116. 1— ifiaig, MS. "-acyiernctca epn, MS. t, xx.it, MS. 

A.D. 1117. * "DOtimieiaunc, MS.; in CTiifiipco TJOifinfiieifiunc, C. ; 
which proves that the " Owen " and " Conor " items were containedin A. 



' Foray. — Made when O' Brien 
was absent in Leinster. 

1116. ^Hugh, etc. ; Congajach, etc. 
— Given in C. 

^ The Oratory, etc.—^O Donovan 
(F. M. ii., p. 1002) says it was at 
Lismore. Dr. Reeves (^Adamnan, p, 
406), with more caution, says it was 
seemingly there. According to the 
Annals of InnisJuUen, Ua Brolchain 
died at Lismore. But,it is safe to infer 
that he retired to that establishment to 
prepare for his end ; whilst the pre- 
sent entry cannot be construed to 
signify that he erected any buUding 
in Lismore. The oratory, it is 
most probable, was in Armagh; 



Mael-Isu having belonged to that 
community. 

^ Lisaigy. — Lis aigedh^—fort of the 
guests, i. e., guest-house. " Gril- 
kyaran" (devotee of [St.} Ciaran) 
shows that it belonged to Cloumac- 
uoise. A similar establishment ex' 
isted in Armagh (1003 = 4, 1016 
supra.) 

* Roaveai. — Ruadh heith, — Red 
birch. 0'Donovan(i^. if,, ii. 1003) 
Strangely took rolddh a n-dr of 
his text to signify that O'Brien 
slaughtered the inhabitants of Roeve* 
hagb (co. Galway). The expression 
means that the Thomond invading 
forces were annihilated. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 95 

by tte Connachtmen, so that they harried as far as [11151 
Limerick (namely, Thomond), until they took away 
cattle-spoil innumerable and captives many. — ("Maolmai^ 
O'Ciardai, kingof Carbrei [was slain]." — )Mael-Sechlainn 
IJa Mael-Sechlainn, royal heir of Tara, was slain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 13th of the moon, a.d. [lil6Bi8.] 

1116. Ceallach, successor of Patrick, [went] upon circuit 
of Connacht for the second turn, so that he took away his 
full circuit [demand].— (" HugP O'Kinelvan, king of 
Laoire ; Echry Lochan, King of Mallon ?, died." — )Ceall 
da-lua with its church was burned. — Great Cork of 
Munster ; and Imlech-ibhair ; the Oratory^ of Mael-Isu 
Ua Brolchain ; and part of Lismor ; Achadh-bo of [St.] 
Cainnech ; [and] Cluain-iraird were burned.— The great 
house of the abbots of Ard-Macha with twenty houses 
around it was burned in the beginning of the Lent of this 
year. — Great famine-pestilence stiU. rages in the Half of 
Mogh, amongst both Leinstermen and Munstermen ; so 
that it desolated churches and forts and districts and 
spread throughout Ireland and over sea and caused destruc- 
tion to an [in]conceivable degree. — Ladhmunn, son of 
Domnall, grandson of [Donnchadh] the king of Scotland, 
was killed by the men of Moray. — Derbail, daughter of 
Toirrdelbach Ua Briain, died, 

(" Congalacy Mac GHkyaran, airchinnech of Lisaigy,^ in 
bona penitentia quievit. — The slaughter of Eoaveai* upon 
Diermad O'Bryan.") 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 24th of the moon, a.d. 

1117. Conchobur Ua Cairillain was killed by the Fir- 
Manach. — (" Diermatt^ Mac Enna, king of Leinster, died in 
Lublin. — Owen Mac Echtiern, Coarb of [St.] Buti ; Conor 
O'FoUovan, Coarb of Clon-Iraird ;") Cathusach Ua Cnaill, 
archbishop of Connacht, slept in Christ. — Mael-Brighte 



1117. ' Diermatt, etc. — Given in C. 
The first item is found in the Annals 
nf BoyU, where, for died in DiAUn, 
the reading is : and of AtJi-claith, 



died {ad an.). The F. M. have the 
Wo other entries; taken, apparently, 
from A. 



96 



aNNCClCC vilocoh. 



"DoTTinais Ciatiim-T)uba[i]n. 'Pacief T)oitiitii fupep 
■paciencef haec'' i^celepa, uc pe|iT)ccc De cei^iaa memoiaiam 
eoiium [Cf. Ps. xxxiii. 17]. — Cctu (l•Don^ Ccrc Leca[i]n'') 
■DO ■Denaiii t)0 byiian, mac TTltiiaca'Dct 7 tdo macaiB mic 
Ccrcail htli Concobai|i co Connaccmb impu pjii "Caii^yi- 
tiealbac, mac n-'Diaiamaca 7 ■pp.i "Oal-Caif, co laemaTO 
■pop "Dal-Caif 7 co i-iolax) a n-dia. — CCp Cemuil-n-eosain 
na hinnfi -do coin la Cenel-Conaill 7 maici im-oai -do 
cuitrim ann. — Cocufac htla Cnaaill, uapal-epfcop Con- 
nafe ; plann htla Sculu, epfcop Connepe ; ■mael-TTluip.e, 
epfcopT)uin-T)a-le^5laf ; g^lla-ITlocua IDac Camcuapria, 
eppcop 'Daimliacc; Ceallac htla Colma[i]n, epfcop 
■pepria; OCnmca'D htla CCnmcaxia, epfcop CCima-pefira 
bpenaiTiT); 171 uipex)ac htla hentainge, epfcop Cluana- 
Ijeyica bfienaiTiT); TTlaetp.uanais'* htla Ciplica[i]Ti, com- 
apba pobaip ppi pe ciana, omnepin Chpipuot)opmiepunc 
— TTlael-Tnuipe htla "Ouna[i]n, pui eppcoip ^oixiel 7 
cenn cleipec n-Gpenn 7 muipe -oepce in -Domain, in 
pepruagepimo pepcimo anno aetracip puae, in nono° 
jCalen-Dap^lantiapii, pelegionip puae magnae optimum 
cuppum conpum[m]auiu. 

]Cal. Ian. 111. p., I. u., CCnno "Domini TITl." c.° oc." uiii> 

A.D. 1117. i> om., MS. ; given in C. ^'^itl., t.h., MS. ; given in C. 
d Owing to a stain, it is impossible to discern the mark of contraction= 
015 ; but the reading here given is certain from C. '•= nomp Ktlan-oip, 
MS. ; iVon. Kal, C. 



^ Mael-Brighte Mac JRonain. — See 
Eeeves' Adamnan, p. 403. 

^.Friday. — For Aine the Y. M. read 
aidhcJte (night). The Sunday of 
Crom Duban was the last of Summer, 
according to OTlaherty, who adds 
that it was so called to commemo- 
rate the destruction of the idol 
Cenn-(Crom-)cruaichbySt.Patrick 
as narrated in the SecondPart of the 
Tripartite. In hujus vero mem- 
orabiUs idoloraachiae memoriam 
arbitrorDomiuicamproximam ante 
Kal. Aug. solenni ritu per Hiber- 
niam dedicatam, quam yulgo Dom- 



nacfi Cromduibh, i.e., Dominicam 
Crom Nigri nuncupaiit; nigri ec. 
ob horrendum et deformem visibilis 
spectri speciem : aUi rectius in 
victoria gratiam Dominicam S> 
Patrioii nominant (Ogygia, Pars 
III., u. xxii. p. 108-9). 

But for aU. this he gives no autho- 
rity. " Colgan (Tr. Th. p. 508), in 
translating the text of the Poui' 
Masters,fellinto aludicrouserrorby 
makiag that day the festival of St. 
Cromdubh. But there was no such 
saint ■' (Lanigan, E. H, iv. 56). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



97 



Mac Ronain,^ superior of Cenannus — and slaughter of the [ni7] 
Community of Cenannus [took place] along with him — 
was killed by Aedh TJa Ruairc and by the Ui-Briuin on 
the Friday 3 before the Sunday of Crom-duban. The 
countenance * of the Lord is against those who do these 
evil things, to cut off the remembrance of them from the 
earth [Of. Ps. xxxiii. 17]. — A battle (namely, the battle 
of Lecan) was fought by Brian, son of Murchadh and by 
the grandsons of Cathal XJa Conchobair and the Connacht- 
men along with them against Tairrdelbach, son of Diarmait 
and against the Dal-Cais, so that defeat was inflicted upon 
the Dal-Caig and slaughter of them ensued. — Slaughter of th e 
Cenel-Eogain of the Island was inflictedby the Cenel-Conaill 
and many nobles fell there. — Cathusach ^ Ua Cnaill, arch^ 
bishop of Connacht ; Flann Ua Sculu, bishop of Connere ; 
Mael-Muire, bishop of Dun-da-lethglas ; Gilla-Mochua 
Mac Camchuarta, bishop of Daimliacc ; Ceallach Ua Col'- 
main, bishop of Ferna ; Anmchadh Ua Anmchadha, bishop 
of Ard-ferta of [St.] Brenann ; Muiredhach Ua hEnlainge, 
bishop of Cluain-ferta of [St. J Brenann ; Maelruanaigh Ua 
Ciflichain, successor [of St. Fechin] of Fobar for a long 
lime, all slept in Christ. — Mael-Muire Ua Dunain, learned 
bishop of the Goidhil and head of the clergy of Ireland 
and steward of the almsdeeds of the world, consummated 
the most excellent course of his great religious life in the 
77th year of his age, on the 9th of the Kalends of January 
[Dec, 24]. 

("Mael-Muire^ O'Dunan, archbishop of Munster, 
quievit.— The battle of Lettracs [Lettracha-Odhrain].") 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 5th of the moon, a.d. 1118. [1118] 



*The countenance, etc The Vul- 
gate is : Vultus autem Domini super 
facientes mala, ut perdat de terra 
memoriam eorum. 

' Cathusach — A repetition of an 



obit in the second entry under this 
year. 

^ Mael-Muire, etc. — Given in C. 
Taken, doubtless, from the Annals of 
Boyle. 



98 



ccMMttla tilaroTi. 



B 48d 



LaiTisnen hUa 'Otiib'Daiaa, \i\ ^611-171 an ac, -oo ttiaiaba'D 
"DO UiB-placyiac 7 "D'^pejiail) na CjaaiBe.— "Oiaiamait: 
hUa 0]aimn, fii IXlUTnan 7 teiui THola aticeana, 
moiauuuf efc 1 Coficaig mo|i TTluman, lap. n-onja'D 7 
aiciaigi. — TDeff ceu" n-unja -do ai'&milS aippp-niTi Ceallaig, 
comafiba pcTCfiaic, T)oba'DU-D 1 n-*0aball7 biTtsaT) "oopeiTi. 
— Pavchalif, comajiba pecaifx, f eiatiuf p-elegiofUf cum 
"Dileocione "Dei ev piaoximi, at) Chyiiipcum imsfiauir;. — 
Tf\a\i^a, ingen 1Tlail-Coltiim, ingen jiig CClban, ben pg 
Saxan, moiat;ua epi;. — Slosa-o la t5ai|i|i'Delbac hUa 
ConcoBaiia, la 1115 Connacc 7 la TTluiacax) hUa TTlael- 
Seclamn, fii "Cempac, imailli pfiif 7 la hOCeTi hUa 
■Ruaiyic if in TTluniain, confofea'DUia ^lenn-fnasaiyi 7 co 
ca^iT) T)ef-1fTlumain -do TTlac Cafifcaig 7 'Cuau-mtimain 
"DO TTiacaiB T)ia|imaT)a 7 co cue a n-^iallu "DiblmaiB. 
Slosaxi aile^ leif cohCCu-cliau, co cue mac 1115 'Chem|iac 
boi illaim ^all 7 jiallu ^all faxiein 7 giallu taigen 7 
Ofiaaiji. — Seel in^nari in-Dipic na bailicfig: i-oon, 
calamcumfcugU'D mop 1 Sleib-Glpa, co pomotiais 
ilcac|iaca 7 dfi n-'Dome ^nnciB. — -Sgel mjna'D aile^ a 
n-efiinn : i-oon, muip'oucon vo §abail "o'lapsaipiB Cofiaxi- 
Lifayi^lmn 1 n-OfpaipB 7 ayiaile ic poiau-laifige. — 
T(lait)m Cinn-'Dai|ie poftliB-ecac Ulaxi |iia TTluiicaTi hUa 
Tlua'Daca[i]n, co fiolax) a n-dp.— Tluaitip bUa Concobuip, 
A.D. 1118. " .c, MS. !> .11., MS. 



1118. ^ Himself was endangered. — 
Literally, fnglit (happened) to him- 
self. The carrying of so much 
church plate ehows that Cellach 
■was engaged on a visitation of the 
diocese. 

2 Paschalis.—Biei Jan. 2, 1118. 

^ Maria Married in Westminster, 

1100; died and was buried there 
this year, according to the Anglo 
Saxon Chronicle. 

Bryan, etc. ; Donell, etc. — Given 



in C. ; also in the Annals of Innis- 
fallen and the Four Masters. 

^ Earthquake At 1117,theAnglo- 

Saxon Chronicle states that an earth- 
quake occurred in Lombardy on the 
Octave of St. John the Evangelist 
(Jan. 3). As the next preceding 
event of the same chronicle is said 
to have taken place on the 17th of 
the Kalends of January (Dec. 1 7), 
the entry in question probably be- 
longs (as in the text) to 1118 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



99 



Laidhgnen Ua Duibdara, king of Fir-Manaeli, was killed [1118] 
by tbe Ui-Fiaclirach and by tbe Men of Craibb. — Diarmait 
Ua Briain, king of Munster and of tbe Half of Mogb 
besides, died in great Cork of Munster after unction and 
penance. — Tbe value of one bundred ounces of the Mass- 
requisites of Cellacb, successor of Patrick, was drowned in 
tbe Daball and bimself ^ was in danger. — Pascbalis,^ suc- 
cessor of Peter, a religious servant witb love of Grod and of 
tbe neighbour, passed to Cbriat. — Maria,* daughter of Mael- 
Coluim, [i.e.] daughter of tbe king of Scotland, wife of 
[Henry] tbe king of tbe Saxons, died.^(" Bryau * Mac 
Murougb O'Bryan, beyr of Munster, killed by Teig Mac 
Cartbai and by Desmond." — ')A hosting by Tairrdelbacb 
IJa Concobbair [that is], by tbe king of Connacht and 
by Murcbadh TJa Mael-Secblainn, king of Tara, along 
witb him and by Aed Ua E,uairc into Munster, until they 
reached Grlenn-Magbair and be gave Desmond to Mac 
Cartbaigh and Thomond to tbe sons of Diarmait [Ua Briain] 
and took their pledges from them both. Another hosting 
by him to Ath-cliath, so that he took away tbe son of tbe 
king of Tara, who was in custody of the Foreigners and 
the pledges of tbe Foreigners themselves and the pledges 
of Leinster and of Ossory.— A wonderful tale the pilgrims 
tell : namely, a great earthquake^ at Mount-Elpba shook 
many cities and killed many persons therein. — Another 
wonderful tale in Ireland : a mermaid was taken by fisher- 
men of tbe Weir^ of Lisarglinn, in Ossory and another at 
Port-Lairge. — '("Donell* Mac Roary O'Conor, heyre of 
Connagbt, died." — ')The defeat of Cenn-daire [was inflicted] 
upon tbe Ui-Ecbacb of UKdia by Murcbadh Ua Ruadha- 
cain, so that slaughter of them was inflicted. — Ruaidbri 
Ua Concbobuir, king of Connacht for a long time, died [in 



« Of (he Weir, etc.— O'Conor's tran- 
script and translation are perhaps 
worth quotation : cor adh lis ar gliim 
in Osraighibh, ocus ar aile ic Puirt- 



lairge — cujus longitudo talis, ut ex- 
tremitas una esset in Ossoria, altera 
Waterfordiae (quae Surio distermina- 
bantur) ! 



100 



aMMttla nlccoh. 



p Connacc ppi |ie ciana, -do ec iitd" ailic|ii° ifin c-feip-o 
tliaxiain picec'' layi n-a 'oalluti. 

"jcal. Ian. 1111. ip., I. x. ui., CCnno T)omiTii m.°c.'' x.° ix.' 
Cenn-coiacro -do fcaile-o t)0 ComiaccaiB- — TTluiiiceiiT^ac 
hUa Oyiiain, ^n OiTenn 7 cuifv op'oain 7 aijiecaif laii^aifi 
in -Domain, lafi ni-buaixi ^51 7 ai-cyiiji i peil TTlocoeiti6[i]c 
Le\v 7 1" cepc'' I'D ITlaiica, in quinca pefiia, in tiijjefiina 
occaua luna, moiat;u[u]r eft;. — Cu-collcaille hUa Oaigel- 
la[i]n, ayi'Dollani Gfienn ayi "oan 7 ap -Deifc, ap ainec, ap 
coin-Deiacle coiccinn pyii cp-ua^u 7 cf lunu, "do mapba'D "do 
■peyiaib-ttniag 7 -do "Chuaiu-Ro^a cum fua uxope et; 
B 40a TDUobUf piliif | facif bonif et; ctim cppnra quinque 
ali[i]f, ecep muinnciia 7 oegexiu, in una "oomu, hi Sacuyin 
nriincafc 7 til peit Oeca[i]n, maic Cula. — RuaiX)p htla 
"Comiaaip,, aiyicinnec [ph]a'cna-m6iae, quieuic. — piaiS- 
be^acac btia Lai'Dgnen, |ii pepn-muisi pp.1 pe, tjo ec. — 
pefigail Innfi Loca-Cyie, penoipaipmirnec, milixi cogaiTie 
'De,a'DClipipt;ummi5pauit;. — ConcobuyihUa^col-mpe'Dai^, 

"■'^A later hand wrote in perigrinatione (the Latin equivalent) overhead. 
^ OCX., MS. 

A. D. 1119. "-'I .ui., MS. ; "6 Ides" (10 Martii was written on the 
margin by another hand), C. 



' 26th year See 1092, 

The bracketed words are from the 
C. translation. 

1119. 1 7%e 3rd —This is a typical 
instance, showing the value of the 
ferial and lunation. The Domini- 
cal Letter was E and the Golden 
Number XVIII . March 1 of the 
text would accordingly be Monday, 
moon 25. On the other hand, 
Thursday, moon 25, are a double 
proof that the date was March 13. 
Consequently, the scribe, by the 
most frequently recurring of all 
errors, mistook ii, for «., thereby 
changing 3 (ira.) into 6 {tii.). 

From C. it may be inferred that 
ul. was likewise the reading of A. 



The Four Masters followed the 
ui. of the MS. and omitted, as 
in most of the similar instances, 
the week-day and lunation. Where- 
upon, O'Donovan corrects sixth, into 
fourth, noting that O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar gives March 12 as the feast 
of Mochoemoc, This is, however, a 
mistake. All the native authorities, 
including O'Clery's Marytrology of 
Donegal, assign the festival to the 
13th. The same error of sixth for 
third occurs in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(ad are.) 

^ Donell, etc. ; Hugh, etc.. — Given 
in C. ; also in F. M. 

' Soth. — Literally, between. 

* Little Easter. — Low Sunday. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



101 



Clon-Mac-Nois] in pilgrimage, in the 26tli year^ after [1118] 
his blinding. 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 16th of the moon, a.d. 

1119. Cenn-coradh was razed by the Connachtmen. — 

Muircertach TJa Briain, king of Ireland and tower of the 

splendour and principality of the "West of the world, died, 

after victory of kingship and penance, on the feast of 

Mochoemoc of Liath and on the 3rd ^ of the Ides [13th] 

of March, on the 5th feria, on the 28th of the moon. — 

(" DonelP O'Hadeth, king of O'lSTeachay, killed by Echry 

Mac Laithvertay 0'Hadith,king of O'Keachai after."—) Gu- 

collchaille Ua Baighellain, arch-ollam of Ireland for science 

and for almsdeeds, for hospitality, for general bencTolence 

towards weak and strong, was killed by the men of Lurg and 

and by Tuath-Ratha, with bis wife and two very good sons 

and with thirty-five others, both ^ domestics and guests, in 

the same house, on the Saturday of Little Easter * [April 

5] and on the feast of [St.] Becan, son of Cula.^ — Ruaidhri 

Ua Tomrair, herenagh of [F]athan-mor, rested. — Flaith- 

bertach TJa Laidhgnen, king of Fern-magh for a [long] 

time, died. — (" Hugh ^ Mac Branan's sonn, king of East 

Leinster, killed. — Donagh Mac Grillpatrick's sonn, heyr of 

Ossory, killed by Ossorij themselves." — ) FerghaiP of the 

Island of Loch-Cre, venerable religious counsellor, soldier 

select of God, passed to Christ. — Conchobur TJa Grailm- 



[1119 



^ Becan, Son of Cula. — According 
to the gloss in the L. B. Calendar 
of Oengus, he was patron of Im- 
leoh-fia (near KeUs, co. Meath). 
Cala, the Martyrology of Tallaght 
states (L. L. p. 358d), wag the 
name of his mother. 

s Ferghail. — The Annals oflnnis- 
fallen give the obit under the year 
1120 ; which, more probably, is the 
correct date. 



The Ruaidhri item is placed 
immediately before this in C, 
which omits the two final entries. 

' Three Innocent Children. — The 
week-day and moon's age are correct ; 
but I have not found the feast in 
native authorities. According to the 
Annals of Inninfallen, Niall was killed 
in the year following. But, the data 
here given are too precise and too 
rajich in accord to be erroneous. 



102 



CCMMalCC ulccoti. 



cotfUic Cemtiil-Tnoeoin, -do mafiba'D t>o [U]ib-T)u^T)ai 7 
"DO Clainn [phjlaicbeiacaig. — Wiall, nnac T)ornnaill hUi 
LoclaiTin, innomna CC1I15 7 Gp.enn j-cex:\ia eiaenn ap.c|itic 
7 a|^ ceill, afi ainec 7 ayi eiagna, -do cuicim la Cenel- 
TTloen, ifin occTna-D*" bliaxiain picer" a aifi, 1 Luan 7 1 n- 
'Decma'D'' [t3crcax> efcm] 7 1 peil na 1:111 Tuac n-ennac, in 
"Decuno^ ocuauo'' jCaleu'Daf lanuayin. 

[bif,] ICaL Ian. u. p., I. [era. u 11.,''] CCnno "Domini m.° c.° era." 
Sloigexi la "Oomnall hUa Loclainn 1 poiiaixiin 1TlU|icaTia 
htli TY^ael-Seclamn co hCCu-luain, 1 n-aigTO Connacc, co 
cayior; 'Coinfi'Delbac hUa Concobuiyi bfiegfiTi uinpo. — 
mai-Dm TTlacaiiT,! Chille-moiae hUa Kl 1 alia [1 ]n ^ii a 11 ag- 
nail, mac TTlic 'Riabaig, ^^oiritlib-eacac, co yiola'D a n-dfi. 
— Concobtip., mac ■pian'Daca[i]n,mic T)uinncua[i]n, coifec 
muinncifie-bifin, -do gtiin 1 8leib-[ph]tiaic "do [tl]ib- 
CiT.emi;ainT) 7 a ec 'oe. — Ceallac, comayiba par^jiaic, pop, 
cuaipc TYluman, co zuc a ogpeip 7 co papgaib bennaccain. 
— Opanan, mac ^illa-Cpipc, pi Copco-CCclann, "do ec. — 
Gcmapcac TTIac UiTipein, coipec Cheniuil-pepa'oais, -do 
mapbaxi "do pepaib-TDanac. 

[Cal. Ian. tiii. p., I. ice., CCnno "Domini 171." c.° ccx." 1.° 
T)omnall, mac CCpDjaip TTlic Loclamn, ap'opi Gpenn, 
T)eppcaicec goeroel ap cpur 7 cenel, ap ceill 7 jaipce'D, 
a\i ponup 7 pobap^am, ap crenacal peoit; 7 hm, vo ec a 
n-T)aipi Coltiim-cille, ipin OOTmax)" bliaxiain cpicai;* 
pegni ptii, ipin cpep'' bliaxiam imoppo peccmogac aecacip 

•'■'' .U111. blmxiaiTi. OCXX.MS. <= .x.tnaT), MS. ^"'"'Decimap occauap, MS. 
A.D. 1120. = Le(t blank ia MS. 

A,D. 1121. '-=■ .11111. bt.io'oain .xxx., MS. '-'' .111. blio'oain iTnoiT.iT,o -txx., 
MS. ; "76th yeare," C. (taking in. to be «i.) 



1120. ' False peace. — One whicli 
events proved he did not intend to 
observe. 

^ Circuit. — The Annals of Innis- 
f alien stale that this was part of a 
visitation of all Ireland made by 



Cellach. The second part of the 
entry is rendered in C. : " was there 
much reverenced, that they de- 
served his benediction " ! 

1121. 1 The 4«A.— The F. M. copy 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 103 

redhaigh, chief of Cenel-Moain, was killed by the [1U9] 
TJi-DubMai and by the CIann-[Fh]laithbertaigh.— 
Niall, son of Domnall TJa Lochlainn, royal heir of 
Ailech and of Ireland and paragon of Ireland for 
form and for sense, for generosity and for erudition, 
fell by the Cenel-Moain, in the 28th year of his age, on 
Monday and on the 10th [of the moon] and on the feast 
of the Three Innocent Children,^ the 18th of the Kalends 
of January [Dec. 15]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 27th of the moon, a.d. [ii20Bis.] 
1120. A hosting by Domnall Fa Lochlainn, ia aid of Mur- 
chadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, to Ath-luain against Connacht, 
so that Toirrdelbach TJa Conchobuir gave a false peace ^ in 
regard to them. — The defeat of the Plain of Cell-mor of Ui- 
Niallain [was inflicted] by Raghnall, son of Mac Eiabaigh, 
upon the TJi-Eachach, so that their slaughter ensued. — 
Conchobur, son of Flandacan, son of Donnchuan, chief of 
Muinnter-Birn, was wounded at Slaibh-[Fh]uait by the 
Ui-Cremhtaind and he died thereof. — Cellach, successor of 
Patrick, [went] upon circuit ^ of Munster, so that he took 
away his full demand and left a benediction. — Branan, son 
of Gilla- Crist, king of Corco-Achlann, died. — Echmarchach 
Mac IJidhrein, chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was killed by 
the Fir-Manach. 



Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 9th of the moon, a.d. 
1121. Domnall, son of Ardghar Mac Lochlainn, archking 
of Ireland, the [most] distinguished of the Groedhil for 
form and for birth, for sense and for prowess, for happi- 
ness and prosperity, for bestowal of treasure and of food, 
died in Daire of Colum-cille, in the 38th year of his reign 
and in the 73rd year of his age and on the night of 
Wednesday and on the 4th ^ \recte, 5th] of the Ides [10th, 



[1121] 



the mistake of the MS., omitting, as I whereby the error could be readily 
elsewhere, the moon's age, the means I rectified. 



lOi 



CCNMCClCC UlOCOtl. 



B49b Y^uae 7 1 n-co-Dce Cemine'^ 7 1 quapc | I'D pebtie 7 1 
Ti-oramax)'* -Dec [efcm] 7 1 peil TTlocuaiT.6[i]c itit) ecnai. — 
Cu-maigi, mac T)eo|iai'o htli phlaniT), p "Oerilaiir, -do 
ba-DUT) illoc-ecac, lafi n-gabaillnTiri-'OaricariciT.enn paiti 
T)'tli15-ecac, -DU 1 coificaiia coiceyi" ap, ce-coiacaic". — 5''^^"' 
epfcoip-eosain htia CCn-DiaiaaiX), fii Cianacca, -oo ■map.ba'o 
■Dia bfia^iT-iB pop. tap peilgi benncaip. — 8ltia|a'o la 
'Caipp'oelbac htia Concobtiip 7 la Coicex)' CoTi[Ti]acc 1 n- 
"Oep-ITltiTnain, co poinnpepecap T;d TTlal-'Peimin co 
"Cpais-Li, eceyi vuocca 7 cealla, ToorijpeccTnosa^ ceall, uel 
paiilo plup. — Cpeacpluasa-o la 'Caipp-'oelbac hUa Conco- 
baip, 1?ep 1 n-T)ep-1TlUfTiaiTi, co yioaci; "Cepmonn bpirioip 
7 CO i;apaTO bopoma "Drnp-trie 7 co -papgaib ITItiip.e'&ac hUa 
piairbepcaig, pi lapmip Con[n]act;, 7 CCexi hUa n-eif)in, 
fii htla-piacpac. — Cloiccec 136100-111111111111111 1 n-OppaigiB 

« .c.aine,MS. ^ .tiiii., MS. ■=•= .ti.e|i aii, .xL, MS. '.u.eri, MS. ^ .Ixx 

MS. 



^ Mochuaroc of the Wisdom. — He is 
thus designated in the Calendar of 
Oengus also. Mochuaroc signifies my 
little (literallj', young) Cuur. In a 
WiirzbuTg Latin MS. of the 8th 
century in Irish character, he is 
said to have committed to writing, 
lest it should lapse from memory, 
a Paschal Computus which his 
master, Mosinu (or Sillan, third 
abbot of Bangor: oh. 609=610, 
supra), had learned by rote from an 
erudite Greek (Schepss : Die deltestm 
Evang elienhandschriften der Wurz- 
burggr UniversitdtabiiliotheJc, p. 
27). The introduction of the Decem- 
novennal Cycle into his monastery 
would thus account for the epithet 
"of the Wisdom.'' 

Another appellation of affection is 
Cuaran (little Guar), under which 



title he Is patron of Kilcoran (Cell 
Cuarain, Churoh of Cuaran — 
perierunt etiam ruinae), about 
a mile west of Youghal. He 
is locally remembered in a native 
couplet as Cuaran of the None. The 
reason is given in a bilingual and 
partially corrupt gloss in the L. B. 
Calendar of Oengus. /* aii e atherar 
' Mochuaroc na Nona ' friss, ar is e 
toisech rodelig ceilebrad Nona : quia 
cum media vel ora Ipro vel ora lege 
Hora] apud antiquos celehra\hd]tur 
■ — " It is for this Mochuaroc of 
the None is applied (lit. said) to him, 
because he is the first that separated 
the celebration of None : for by the 
ancient [monks] it used to be cele- 
brated along with the Middle (Cano- 
nical) Hour [Sext]." 

This is explained by the Rule of the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



105 



recte, 9tli] of February and on the 18tli [of the moon] and on 
the feast of [St. J Mochuaroc of the Wisdom.^ — Cu-Maighi 
son of Deoradh Ua Flainn, king of Derlas, was drowned s 
in Loch-Echach, after Inis-Darcarcrenn had been taken 
from* him by the Ui-Echach, wherein fell five and forty 
persons. — Gilla-Epscoip-Eogain^ Ua Andiaraidh, king of 
Ciannachta, was killed by his own kinsmen in the centre 
of the cemetery of Bennchar. — A hosting by Tairrdelbach 
Tla Conchobuir and by the Fifth of Connacht into 
Desmond, so that they laid waste from Magh-Feimen 
to Tragh-Li, both lands and churches, namely, seventy 
churches, or a little more. — A foray-hosting by Tairrdel- 
bach. Ua Conchobair and by the Fifth of Connacht again 
into Desmond, until he reached the Termon of Lis-mor 
and obtained cattle-spoil innumerable and he lost® Muire- 
dach Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the West of Connacht 
and Aedh Ua Eidhin, king of Ui-Fiachrach. — The 
steeple \lit., bell-house] of Telach-Innmuinn in Ossory 



[1121] 



38 Abbots : A prima hora usque ad 
horam tertiam Deo vacent fratres ; a 
tertia vera usque ad nonam quidquid 
iniunctum- fuerit . . . faciant 
(Cap. X.). Sext was thus deferred 
from the sixth hour (12 noon) until 
the ninth (3 p.m.) and joined to 
None. In the Benedictine Rule, this 
deviation was foUovired from Sep. 15 
to Leut: Hot a secunda agatur Tertia 
et usque ad Nonam omnes in opus 
suum laborent. The change effected 
by St. Cuaran consisted in replacing 
the celebration of Sext at the proper 
Canonical hour, thus leaving None to 
be recited separately. 

Colgan {AA. SS. p. 302) gives the 
purport of the L. B. gloss as follows : 
Vacatur Mochuarocus de Nona, idea 
quod sit primus qui curavit celebra- 



tionem Missae fieri seorsim, quia 
cum media Nona apud antiques cele- 
brabatur. This is typical of Colgan's 
work of the kind. The original, 
needless to Say, makes no mention of 
Mass 5 cvmi media Nona is meaning- 
less ; whilst the ancient monks cele- 
brated Mass after Prime, Tierce, Sext 
and None respectively, according to 
the different seasons of the liturgical 
year. 

^ Drowned. — The Annals of Inuis- 
f alien add that the act was done by 
himself. 

* From. — Literally, upon. 

^ Gilla-Epscoip-Eogain — Devotee 
of Bishop Eugene (founder of Ard 
sratha, Ard-straw, co. Tyrone). 

* Lost. — Literally, lejt {dead) oil 
the battle-field, 

H 



106 



ccMMalcc tilaroti. 



'dodIuisi "DO caiiaceinex) : cloc "do fjemm ap, cofiomap.!) 
macleisiiTD ifin cill. — Samual htlct CCngli, epfcop CCm- 
cliac, in pace quieuic Ceallac, comaiiba pa^iiaic, vo 
^aBail epfcopoit;! CCca-cliac a T;o§a ^all j^aei-oel. — "Da 
•pfiei^ 1:111 n-1Tlhafa[i]n, -ooifitip Root co cpoip m-bpi^ce, 
■DO lofca'D. — CCmc 501C1 -Dociaccam inNon 'DeciTnbip,, co 
pola a benncopop. vo cloicciuc CCip'o-TTlacaj co n-T)epna 
p-oap mop po Gpinn mle. 

}Cal. Ian. 1. p., I., ora;., CCnno T)omini ID." c.° xx.° 11.° 
CCe'D hllaRuaipc, pi Conmaicne, T)ocuicim la^epu ITli'De 
ic bpei^ cpeice ua€i15. — Scpin Cholmain, mic Luacain, 
■oposbail 1 n-ailai-D Lainne, pepcubac 1 calrtiain, "Dia- 
Cecain'' in bpaic. — SluaigeTi la "Caipp-oelbac hUa Con- 
cobuip CO Loc-Sailec 1 ITli'De, co mimg TUac TTIupca'Da, 
pi Laigen 7 ^all, 1 n-a vec- — TTlop, in^en "Oonnnaill htli 
Loclainn, ben 'C«[i]ppTiealbai5 htli Concobuip, "do ec. — 
Cpec mop la Concobup hUa Loclainn, 7 la Cenel n- 
Gogain, CO panga'oupCill-puai'D 1 n-Ullcaib, co cucpa'Dup 
bopoma "DiapmiTie. — TTlael-Coluim hlla bpolca[i]n, 
hiOc eppcop CCipT)-Triaca, ■do ec 1 n-a ailicpi | 1 n- 
■Dipiupc "Daipe po buai'o mapcpa 7 haicpigi. — CCe'D hUa 
'Diiib'Dipmc(, coipec na Ope'Dca 7 cenn eini'g t;uaipce[i]pc 
e-penn 7 "Domnall, a bpoOTip, mopcui punc. 
A.D. 1122. » ■Dia .cain, MS. 



' Samuel Ua Angli. — See Lanigan, 
X S. iii. 12, sq, 

8 Ceallach, etc. — See Lanigan, 
X H. iii. 45-6. 

^ Two streets. — C. gives JDasrdtk, 
taking tlie two native words as one, 
signifying tlie propername of a 
place. 

1° Door of the Close — " The mote 
doore," C. 

11 Pinnacle-cover. — ' ' Brasen topp," 
C. 

1^ And caused, etc. — "' And maine 



prodigies were shewn over all Ire- 
land " ! C. 

1122. ^A man's grave Zdeeplin earth. 
— " A eubite deep in the ground," C. 
The original expression occurs in 
the Feast of Bricriu (L. TJ. 103a, 
lines 15-6 ; 108b, lines 28-9). The 
meaning is shown in (he Book of 
Armagh (f ol. 8c) : Et dixit [angelus] 
ei : Ne reliquiae n. terra reducmi- 
turl_-antur] corporis tui et cubitus 
de terra super corpus ^fU. Qnod . 
factum . . demonstratum est; 
quia . . . fodientes humum antropi 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 107 

was split by a thunderbolt : a stone leaped thereout, so [1121] 
that it killed a student in the church. — Samuel Ua Angli/ 
bishop of Ath-cliath, rested ia peace. Ceallach,^ successor 
of Patrick, took the episcopacy of Ath-cliath by choice 
of the Foreigners and of the Graidhil. — Two streets^ of 
Masan-Third, from the door of the Closei" to the Cross of 
[St.] Brigit, were burned. — A gust of wind came on the 
Nones [5th] of December, so that it took off the pinnacle- 
coveri^ of the steeple [lit., bell-house] of Ard-Macha and 
caused^^ great destruction of woods throughout all Ireland. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 20th of the moon, a.d. [1122] 
1122. Aedh Ua Euairc, king of Conmaicni, fell by the Men 
of Meath, in carrying off spoil from them. — The Shrine 
of [St.] Colman, son of Luachan, was found in the tomb 
of Lann, a man's grave [deep] in earth.i the Wednesday 
of the Betrayal ^ [March 22]. — A hosting by Tairrdelbach 
TJa Conchobuir to Loch-Sailech in Meath, so that Mac 
Murchadha, king of Leinster and of the Foreigners, came 
into his house. — Mor, daughter of Domnall Ua Lochlainn, 
wife of Tairrdealbhach Ua Conchobuir, died. — Great foray 
by Conchobur Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain, 
until they reached Cell-ruadh in Ulidia, so that they took 
away countless cattle-spoil. — Mael-Coluim Ua Brolchain, 
[suffragan] bishop of Ard-Macha, died on his pilgrimage 
in the Hermitage^ of Daire, with victory of suffering and 
of penance. — Aedh Ua Duibdirma, chief of the Bredach 
and head of the hospitality of the North of Ireland and 
Domnall, his brother, died. 



\&v9poTroC\ ignem a sepulchro inrum- 
pere viderunt. 

For St. Colman, of LynaUy, 
King's County, see Vol. I., p. 87 ; 
O'Donovan, Four Masters, I., p. 
235-6 ; Adamnan, i. 5, ii. 16 and the 
notes thereon. 



^ The Wednesday of the Betrayal. 
— " The Wednesday before Easter," 
C. This is correct. 

^ Hermitage. — See Adamnan^ p. 
366. As Cellaeh was a real arch- 
bishop, O'Brolchaiu was enabled to 
retire to Derry. 

h2 



108 



CCNMCClCC uLCTOtl. 



ICal. Ian. 11. p., I. i.,CCnno 1)01711111 m.° c.° ocx" iii.'^ail- 
ensa -DO ^abail CI51 1 n-T)uimliac — Cianna[i]n pop 
TTliipcaT) hlla mael-Seclainn, poyi pig 1:61111100, co polo- 
ifCfec in cec 7 occmoga" cmgi ime 7 co pomayibfac 
pocai-Di -Dia mumnceii. "Cepnai imoyifio mupcaTi, tio 
ai'niuc Cianna[i]n , cen majihax), cen lopca-o. — CCmmuf 
anairmg TDO cabaipcpop, Comapba CCilbe (I'Don,'' TTlael- 
iiio|ix)a, mac TTlic Clorna'') : iT)on, cec T)0 5abail paijipop 
lap, Imleca pem 7 pop mac Cepbaill blli Ciapmaic 
(iT)on,° pi CCine^), co pomapba-o moppepep'' amv. 'Cep- 
nacup imoppo na "Doene maici app, rpia pac CCilBe 7 
na hecailpi. Roloipcexi imoppo ann bepnan CCilBe. 
Romapba-D imoppo pia cmi) mip ini;! pogalj in t;ec, iT)on, 
in gilla caec htla Ciapmaic — 7 -oeocam eipi'be iap n- 
ainmniugux) — 7 po beatiat) a cenn -oe 1 papuguxi CCilbe 7 
in Coim-Des-^Oengup htla 5opma[i]n,comapba ComgaiU, 
-DO ec 1 n-ailiopi ilLipmop Triocircu- — piann htla "Ouib- 
innpi, aipcinnec iugmaig ; Cu-Caipil htla Cepbaill, pi 
pepn-muigi ; Tnael-TYluipe htla C6n-Dtibd[i]n, aipcmnec 
T)aipe-Lubpain ; "Oonnpleibe TDac Ca€ala[i]n, ponup 7 

A.D 1123. =' uiii.tnoja, MS- "-"itl., t. h., MS.; giyen in C, with 
omission of il/;>-J/«c. »""itl., t. h., MS. ; given in C. ''mop,.tii., MS. 



1123. 1 Eir/hty houses " Eight of 

his household servants " ! C. 

The reading in B affords a natu- 
ral explanation of this apparently 
inexplioahle error. The translator 
took uii.mogha to be two words 
[uiiL=ocht — eight ; moghcr, pi. of 
mogh — servant) and taighi to be 
gen. sing, of tech — hvuse. Whence 
" eight [of his] household ser- 
vants." 

^Attadc. — Not mentioned, strange 
to say, in the Annals of Jnnisfallen. 

^Successor of [^St.'l Ailbe. — Bishop 
of Emly, CO. Tipperary. 



* Seven. — Literally, great six. 

^Gapped \_Beir\. _ Erroneously 
rendered mitre in C. For the Ber- 
nan Ailbhe, see Petrie's Mound 
Towers, p. 336-6. 

^ Cilla-caech. — Piirhlind gillie. 
The soubriquet supphes a probable 
motive for the outrage. Owing to 
the visual defect, the bishop had 
refused to confer the Order of 
priesthood. Thereby Ua Ciarmhaic 
(O'Kirhy) was effectually debarred 
from the preferment which lay 
open to him as a member of the 
reigning family. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



109 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 1st of the moon, a,d. 1123. 
The Grailenga captured a house in Daimliac of [St.] 
Ciannan upon Murchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Tara, 
so that they burned the house and eighty houses^ around 
it and killed a number of his people. Murchadh, how- 
ever, escaped by protection of [St.] Ciannan, without being 
killed or burned. — An unprecedented attack ^ was made 
upon the successor of [St.] Ailbe^ (namely, Mael-Mordha, 
son of Mac Clothna) : to wit, a house was seized upon him 
and upon the son of Cerball Ua Ciarmhaic (that is, the 
king of Aine), in the centre of Imlech itself, so that 
seven* were killed therein. Howbeit, the noble persons 
escaped therefrom, through favour of [St.] Ailbe and of the 
church. There was likewise burned the Gapped [Bell]^ 
of [St.] Ailbe. Now, he who seized the house was killed 
before the end of a novena, namely, the Gilla-caech^ Ua 
Ciarmhaic — and the same person was a deacon® by pro- 
fession^ — and his head was cut off, because of ^ the profana- 
tion of [St.] Ailbe and of the Lord. — Oeughus Ua Germain, 
successor of [St.] Comgall of Bangor, died in pilgrimage 
in Lis-mor of [St.] Mochutu. — Flann* Ua Duibhinnsi, 
herenagh of Lughmagh ; Cu-Caisil Ua Cerbaill, king of 
Fernmagh ; Mael-Muire Ua Condubhain, herenagh of 
Daire-Lubrain ; Donnsleibhe Mac Cathalain, the pros- 
perity and happiness of all Ulidia, died. — Donnchadh Mac 



[H23] 



'■ By profession. — Literally, accord- 
iTig to nomination. 

8 Because of. — Literally, in. The 
offence was homicide (punishable 
by death), according to Canon 
XXXI. of the First Patrician Synod : 
Si quis conduxerit e duobus olericis, 
quos diecordare convenit per dis- 
cordiam aliquam, prolatum uni e 
duobus hostem ad interficiendum, 
homicidam oongruum est nomi- 



nari : qui clericus ab omnibus 
rectis [reete] habeatur alienus. 

This enactment was incorporated 
into the CoUectio Cannnum Hiher- 
nensis (x. De multimodis causis 
cUricoTuni : 23). 

^ Flann, etc. — Of the four names in 
this entry, the last alone is given in 
the Annals of Loch Ce. Butthe com- 
piler placed after it the mortui sunt 
of the Olster Annals. 



no 



ccMNa?.cc nlccoh. 



roBapru ULa'D uile,moricui fmx^.—'Vomcavmac'gAVia]- 
Pacpaic i^ua-D, p,i Ofpaigi, a ftiif occiruf epc — Con^aluc 
hUa [ph]laicbeiT,uai5, yii-oomna OC1I15,, occifUf efc 

[bip] |caL 1an. 111. p., L x.ii., CCnno T)omini 171." c." ra." 1111.° " 
■CofipiTiT), mac t;tiiacaiLl, ppirriois^isepnM gall, n-epenn, 
fubica Tnopre pepiic— 'Ca'os, mac ITlic Cappmig, pi 
T)eap-inumam[-an],in pemneiTCiamopcuup epc. — biTisa-D 
mop -DO P15 'Cempac T)ia-T)omTiai5 Capc[aj : i-ooti, a rec 
Capca -DO cuicim paip 7 pop a ve^lac. — tuimnec tio 
topcctx) uit,e, accma-D beac — CCLaxatiDaip, mac TTlael- 
Choluim, pi CClbaTi,in bona periiT;enT;ia mopuuup epc. — 
^eill "Oep-TDuman -do mapbax) la 'Caipp'oelbac hUa 

B 49d Concobaip : | tooti, Tnael-Seclainn, mac Copmaic, mic 
TTlic Cappmig, pi Caipil 7 hUa Ciapmeic a bCCne 7 htla 
Cobcaig-DO [t|]ib-Cuanac-Cnamcaille. — CCpT)5ap, mac mic 
CCe'oa htli 1Tlael-8eclainn, p^omna CC1I15, 'oomapba'Dla 
TTIuinnTrep "Oaipe 1 n-ainec Coluim-cille. 

[Cal. Ian. u. p., I. xx. 111., OCnno 'Domini TTI." c" xx." ti.° 
Cfumc I'D lanaip imoppo pop Oen-'oi'Den 7 ppim [uaca-o 
epcai] puippi. Ocup ip innci cuapgba^ a buin-oe ■Di'oen 
pop in "oamliac mop CCip'o-TTlaca, lap n-a lanecop -do 
plinnciuc la Celiac, comapba pacpaic, ipin cpica-oma-o 

A.D. 1124. " The nil. were at first uii. ; but u was altered into n, by the 
text hand. 



1124. ' Easter house. — From this 
expression, taken in connection "with 
the house-eeizurea mentioned in 
the Annals, it may be concluded 
that it was customary for kings to 
spend the week before Easter or 
Pentecost at a church, where 
houses were set apart for them- 
selvea and their retinues. 



^ Died. — On April 23, according to 
the Anglo Saxon Chronicle. 

3 Of Ane. — Literally, from Aine 
(the district around Knockany, co. 
Limerick), In the Annals of Loch 
Ce (ad an.'), the original, a liAne, is 
read AcJiaine and applied as the 
personal name of Ua Cobthaigh 
(O'Coffey). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Ill 



Gilla-Patraic the Eed, king of Ossory, was slain by his 
own [kinsmen]. — Conghalach TJa [F]laithbertaigh, royal 
heir of Ailech, was slain. 



[1123] 



Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon, a.d. [1124 Bis.] 

1124. Torfind, sou of Turcall, chief young lord of the 
Foreigners of Ireland, perished by sudden death. — Tadhg, 
son of Mac Carthaigh, king of Desmond, died in penance. 
— Great peril [happened] to the king of Tara, on Easter 
Sunday [April 6] : namely, his Easter house^ to fall upon 
him and upon his [/zV., the] hcusehold.^Limerick was burned, 
all but a little. — Alexander, son of Mael-Coluim, king of 
Scotland, died ^ in good penance. — The hostages of Des- 
mond were killed by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair : namely, 
Mael-Sechlainn, son of Gormac, son of Mac Carthaigh, 
king of Cashel and Ua Ciarmaic of Ane,^ and TJa Cob- 
thaigh of Ui-Ouanach-Cnamchaille. — Ardghar, grandson 
of Aedh Ua-Mael-Sechlainn, royal heir of Ailech, was killed 
by the Community of Daire, in reparation * to [St.] Colum-' 
cille. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 23rd of the moon, a.d. [1125J 

1125. The 5th of the Ides^ [9th] of January [was] upon 
Friday and the 1st [day of the moon fell] thereon. And it 
is on that [day] its protecting ridge was raised ^ upon the 
great stone church of Ard-Macha, after its being fully 
covered with shingle by Oellach, successor of Patrick, in the 



* In reparation, — " Within the 
libertie'MC. I do not know what 
was the offence. 

lU5.^The bthofthe Tdes,etc.~The 
translator of C. mistook the meaning 
of this entry. ' ' The fift of the Ides 
of January was the church of Ard- 
magh broken in the roofe, which was 



covered by Ceallagh, the Corbe of 
St. Patrick , being unrooffed in an 
hundred and thirtie years before.'' 
The week-day is given, but the 
lunation omitted, by the Four 
Masters. 

^ Ridge was raised. — That is, the 
work was formally completed. 



112 



aNuala ula'oti. 



blia-oam ap, cet;!' on-a paBm fbrinT;iuc ipaificocomlan. — 
51lla-b1^a1C1 hlla Rtiaific -do bcrctro illoc-CCillinne. — 
Sluct^tt'D la ■Caipj-iTielbac hUa Concobuiia 1 Vf\me, co 
Kioi'm-iqab ITIuiica-D htla TTIael-Seclainn af a ^1151 7 co 
r:a]ia-c ciii fiiga pop peyiti ITli'-be. TTlafibiT) cpa" "Oomnall 
TTIac TDuyicaTia in v^ey pig pia cinn noiiiaiTie; njon, 
IDael-SecLainn, mac 'Oonnca'Da. — C|iec T)OCUaiTi ITItiip- 
cejicac hUa Ceyibaill, pi 'DeifC6[i]pc pepn-rtiuigi, 1 
pepaiB-bpeg, conu-puapaTO "Diapmaix) btia ITiael- 
Seclainn co pepaiB TTli'De 7 co pepaib bpeg, co pomap- 
baTi TTluipceiicac ann 7 dp a cpeice ime. 

ICal- Ian. ui. p., I. 1111., CCnno "DoTTiini 171.° c" xx." ui." 
Gnriai, mac TTlic ITiupca'ba, pi Laigen, moprjuup epc. — 
SUiagaf) la 'CaippDelbac bUa Concobuip ilLai5ni15, co 
pogaiB a n-giallu. — hlla ITIaelpuanais, pi pep-TTlanac, 
a puip occifup epc. — TTlael-lpu bUa Conne, pui ^oeitnl 
1 pencup 7 1 m-bpi^emnacc 7 1 n-tlpT) pacpaic, lap n- 
a[i]cpi5e rogaixie in Chpipuo quieuic. — Copcac rtiop TTlu- 
man co n-a cempull t)0 lopca-o.— "Oomnall hUa "Dub-Dai 
T)o ba-DUT), lap n-'oenam cpeici 1 'Cip-Conaill. — ■Rig'oepup 
■Coippxielbais hUi Concobuip co hCCc-cliau, co cap-o pigi 
CCca-clmc 7 Laigen xiia mac, i-oon, vo Concobup. — CCnpu-o 

A.D. 1125. » .c, MS. ''1i[aucem] (the Latin equivalent), MS. 



^ Thirtieth year above one hundred. 
—At 995 (=996), supra (995 accord- 
ing to a quatrain in tke F. jlf.), 
Armagli, including the stone church, 
was destroyed by lightning. The 
meaning is, that the reiteration of the 
roof had been carried out at intervals 
during the period. 

"* Before, the end of a novena 

"Within three dayes and three 
nights after"! C. The J. 31. omit the 
expression. 



1126. ^ Died.— In Wexford, ac- 
cording to the List of Leinster kings 
inL.L. (p. 39d). 

^A Goedhel eminent. — Literally, 
a muster of a Goedhel. By an em- 
phatic native idiom, which is still 
operative, instead of a sb. qualified 
by an adj., the corresponding sb. 
of the adj. (or the adj. used as sb.) 
is employed with the genitive of 
the sb. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



113 



thirtieth year above one hundred^ since there was a com- [1125] 
plete shingle roof upon it before. — Gilla-braiti TJa Ruairc 
was drowned in Loch-Aillinne. — A hosting by Tairrdel- 
bach Ua Conchobair into Meath, so that he expelled 
Murchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn from the kingship and 
placed three kings over the men of Meath. But Domnall, 
son of Murchadh, kills the third king, namelj^ Mael- 
Sechlainn, son of Donnchadh, before the end of a novena*. 
— Muircertach TJa Cerbaill, king of the South of Fern- 
magh, went on a foray into Fir-Bregh, until Diarmaid Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn with the Men of Meath and the Men of 
Bregha overtook them, so that Muircertach was killed 
there and slaughter of the foraying force [took place] 
around him. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 4th of the moon, a.d. [1126] 
1126. Ennai, son of Mac Murchadha, king of Leinster, 
(Jied.^ — A hosting by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobuir into 
Leinster, so that he took away their pledges. — Ua Mael- 
ruanaigh, king of Fir-Manach, was slain by his own 
[kinsmen]. — Mael-Isu Ua Conne, a Goedhel eminent 
in history and in jurisprudence^ and in the Order of 
Patrick, rested in Christ after select penance. — Great 
Cork of Munster with its church was burned. — ■ 
Domnall Ua Dubhdai was drowned, after making a foray 
in Tir-Conaill. — Royal progress of Toirrdelbach Ua Con- 
chobuir to Ath-cliath, so that he gave the kingship of 

The Order of Patrick may have 
emhodied the primatial rights and 
privileges, as formulated and 
claimed with such prominence in 
the Tripartite Life and the Book of 
Armagh. The foUowing from 
Tirechan (Book of" Armagh, fol. 
lib) is characteristic of the spirit 
pervading the Patrician Documents 
in their present form. £i quaereret 
heres [=rama)-5a]Patriciiparuohiam 



[i.e., diocesim] illius, potest pene 
totam iusolam sibi reddere in paru- 
chiam. (Of. The, Tripartite Life of 
St. Patrick, etc., Trans. R. I. A., 
xxix. 184.) 

^ Both laic and cleric. — Literally, 
between land and church. 

* Treacherous foray.^''- k. stealing 
army," C. It signifies that the foray 
was made wliea Ua Tuachair was 
nominally at peace with the Airthir. 



114 



aMMalcc uLcroTi. 



cocaiT) liioip 1 n-Giainn, coj^'bo ecen -do comayiba pacfiaic 
biu mi pop. bliaxiain -pfii hCC|iT)-1Tlaca 1 n-eccaip, oc ficu- 
gu-D peia Ti-e|ienn 7 oc irabaiyiT; ifiiagla 7 foBefa pop cac, 
ece|i cuaic 7 eaclup. — Cpec meaBla la Ruait)p.i hUa 
1? oOa "Cuacaifi 1 n-CCiiacepaiB, conctc|cap€a'Da|i CCiia^ip, co 
liolati a n-a|i 7 co yio'oicenna'D pa'oein. — inoi|ieTiac htla 
Cuilten, aiyicinnec Clocaiii, -do mafibax) -a'peiaaiB-TYlanac. 
— "Oatriliac fieiglep a poil 7 peTJCoji, 'ooiaoTia'D la hlmap 
hUa n-CCe'Daca[i]n, vo coifecpa'o "do Cbeallac, comafiba 
Pacyiaic, 1" n-tio'Decim Icallann"' ■KIouimbi|i. — Cp.ec- 
•pluaga'D la'Caip.ji'oelbac hUa ConcoBaip. a n-'Dep-TTlu- 
TnaiTi,co fioacu ^enn-Tna5ai|i 7 co cue bop.onia "Diaiji- 
miTie. 

jCal. 1an. 1111., p.,l. x- u., CCnnolDomini TTl." c.° xx.°uii.° 
Slua^axi la 'Coip.p'Delbac hUa Concobuip. 1 n-'Oef-Tinu- 
rmain, co p.oacc Coiacaig moip. TTluman, co cue ^lallti 
mumaTi CO leip. — (Xip.cip. tdo gabail caigi piainn 1Tlic 
SiTiaig 1 "Ciiiun Saxan pop Ra^nall, mac TTlic Riabaig, 
aTOd l.uain Iniue 7 a "Dicennaxi leo. — Car erep Ulcu 
pa-beiTi, 1 copcpa-Dup "oa pij tlla'D, i-oon, Niall TTlac 
"OuinnpleiBe 7 dp tlla'D ime 7 Cocai'D hUa TTlac^amna 
1 ppicguin. — gilla-Cpipc btia heicnig, pi pep-TTlaTiac 
7 aip-opis CCip5iall, "ooec 1 Clocap-mac-n-T)aimin lapn- 
aicpip cogai'De. — pip TTltiman 7 LaigiTi "do impo'o 
T)opi[c]ipi pop 'Chaipp'oelbac hUa Concobuip 7 a n-geill 

A.D. 1126. »-» in .xii. Kl., MS. 



* The stone clmrcli. — Colgan evades 
the difficulty of distinguishing between 
IJamliac and Becks (monastery) by 
employing the term Basilica (Triad. 
Thaum., p. 300). 

* Imar. — The tutor of St Malachy; 
vir sanctissimae vitae, according to 
St. Bernard. His name is in the 
Carthusian Martyrology at Nov. 
12 (Lanigan, E. H. iv. 99). The 



Martyrology of Donegal has it (I 
kuownot why) at iug. 13. He died 
on a pilgrimage at Rome in 1134. 
' Be reached. — " He wasted," C. 
The same error is repeated in the first 
entry of next year. It arose pro- 
bably from mistaking the con- 
traction mark over s for the grave 
accent of a ; thus reading roacht 
as rolfhlds. 



ANNALS or ULSTER. 



115 



Ath-cliath to Ms son, namely, to Conchobur. — A storm of [1126] 
great war in Ireland, so that it was necessary for the suc- 
cessor of Patrick to be a month above a year abroad from 
Ard-Macba, pacifying the men of Ireland and imposing 
rule and good conduct upon every one, both laic and cleric^- 
— A treacherous foray* [was made] byRuaidhri UaTuachair 
into the Airthir, until the Airthir overtook them, so that 
slaughter of them was inflicted and he was beheaded him- 
self. — Muiredhach Ua Guillen, herenagh of Cloohar, was 
killed by the Fir-Manach. — The stone church^ of the Monas- 
tery of [SS.] Paul and Peter, that was built by Imar'' Ua 
Aedhacaiu, was consecrated by Ceallach, successor of 
Patrick, on [Thursday] the 12th of the Kalends of 
November [Oct. 21]. — A foray -hosting by Tairrdelbach 
Ua Conchobhair into Desmond, until he reached'^ Grlenn- 
Maghair and took away countless cattle-spoil. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 15th of the moon, A.r>. [1127] 
1127. A hosting by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair into 
Desmond, until he reached great Cork of Munster, so that 
he took away the pledges of all Munster. — The Airthir 
seized the house of Flann Mac Sinaigh in the Third of the 
Saxons upon Eaghnall, son of Mac Eiabaigh, on the 
night of Monday of the Beginning [of Lent,i Feb. 21] ; and 
he was beheaded by them. — A battle between the Ulidians 
themselves, wherein fell two kings of UKdia in com- 
bat, namely NiaU^ Mac Duinnshleibhe [Ua Eochada], 
with slaughter of the Ulidians around him and Eochaidh 
Ua Mathgamna.— Gilla-Crist Ua hEicnigh, king of Fir- 
Manach and arch-king of Airgialla, died in Clochar-mac- 
Daimin after choice penance. — The Men of Munster and 
the Lagenians turned again upon Tairrdelbach Ua Con- 



1127. ^ Beginning \pf Lent]. — See 
1109, note 2, supra. 

'Mall. — Not given in theUlidian 
regnal Hat (L. L. 41d). 



^ Sis placed. — Very gross is tlie 
error of the scribe, or compiler, of 
the (so-called) Annals of Loch Ce, 
who took the rat sum of the MS. to 



116 



ccNNala ulccT)Ti. 



[bif.] 

B50b 



T)o 'oilfiuguTi "DOiB 7 a mac ■D'crcinju'D 'oo LaigmtS 7 "do 
^hallaiB. CCiiai'De, TDopaz: fum p aile" poiiiio, iT)on, 
Ttomnall, mac TTlic phaelain. — Ceayiball, mac ITlic 
phaelain — 7 dp, ht1a-paelain ime — no ctucim la htliB- 
■pailgi pop lap Cille-T)apa, 1 copnum comupbu[i]f Opigce. 
— 'Caillcni, mgen Tnupca-Da hUi TTlael-Seclainn, ben 
■Caipp-oelbaig hlli Concobmp, "o'ec — TTlael-bpisce hUa 
popan n a [1 ]i n , ai pci n n ec CCpT)a-ppaca ; 1T1 ael-bpi gee h tl a 
Cinaeca, aipcirinec CCip'oe-'Cpea, 111 bona penecencia 
mopuui puni;. — gilla-Cpij-c htia 1Tlael-eoin, comapba 
Ciapain Cluana-mac-Noip, ponup 7 pobapuu aipcinnec 
cell n-Gpenn, in Chpipco quieuic. 

jCal. Ian. 1. p., I. acac-ui., CCnno T)omini m.°c.° xx." uiii.° 
1 Oippexoilip''7 embolepm[acic]up annup. pip ITlbaigi- 
1ca ( I'Don," TDomnall bUa ■^ailmpe'Daig 7 Cenel- 
IDaein'') vo jabail x^aigi pop pig pep-TTlanac, iT)on, pop 
paelan hUa n-'DuiB'oaiia 7 a^uiT;im leo 7 pocaiT)e 
■DO maicilj pep-TTlanac ime. — ■giUM-pai^paic, mac 
"Cuarail, comapba Coemgin, t)0 mapba'D -o'tlib- 
TTluipe'Dais pop lap glinne-'oa-loca. — fflmxim pia 
mapcplua§Concobaip, mic TTI1C Loclainn, popmapcplua^ 
Tigepnain Via [tli] Ruaipc, 1 uopcaip hUa Ciap-oai, 



A.D. 1127. » .11., MS. 

A.D. 1128. a bipexcup, MS. ^ itl., t. h., MS. ; 



C. 



lie plural and read radsat (they 
gave). The editor accepts thia and 
improves upon it by taking eli 
(another) to be the local name, EJi ! 
(He omits to say whether the 
territory of the name in Tipperary, 
or thatinthe King's Co., is intended.) 
He ought to have known that the 
legitimate successor of Enna was 
Diarmait Mac Murchadha, who 
brought over the English. But he was 
probably misled by the translator of 
C, who has: "his (0 Conor's sonn) 



deposed by Leinster and Galls, through 
misdemeanours of Danj'ell O'Eylan, 
king of Ely." 0' Donovan (p. 1027) 
also took the verb as plural, signifying 
that the Leinstermen and Foreigners 
" elected another king over them." ! 

^ Contending. — That is, which of 
two nuns belonging respectively to 
the two tribes mentioned should be 
the new abbess. The F. M. mention 
the fray, but omit the cause. 

1128. 1 Jmiofoma?. — That is, 
having a lunar month thrown in 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



117 



chobuir and their pledges were forfeited by them, and his 
son was deposed by the Lagenians and by the Foreigners. 
Howbeit, he placed^ another Mug over them, namely, Dom- 
nall, son of Mac Faelain.— Cearball, son of Mac Faelain — 
and slaughter of the TJi- Faelain [took place] around hira — 
fell by the Ui-Failghi in the centre of Cell-dara, in contend- 
ing^ for the succession of [St.] Brigit. — Tailltiu, daughter 
of Murchadh TJa Mael-Sechlainn, wife of Tairrdelbach Ua 
Conchobhuir,died. — Mael-Brighte TJa Forannain,herenagh 
of Ard-sratha ; Mael-Brighte TJa Cinaetha, herenagh of 
Ard-Trea,died in good penance. — Gilla-CristTJaMael-Eoin, 
successor of Ciaran of Cluain-mac-Wois, happiness and 
prosperity of the herenagh s of the churches of Ireland, 
rested in Christ. 



[1127] 



Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 26th of the moon, a.d. 1128. |ii28Bis] 
A Bissextile and Embolismali year. The Men of Magh- 
Itha (namely, Domnall TJa Gailmredaigh and the Cenel- 
Maien) seized a house upon the king of Fir-Manach, that is, 
upon Faelan TJa Duibhdhara ; and he fell by them, and a 
number of the nobles of Fir-Manach around him. — Gilla- 
Patraic, son of Tuathal [TJa Tuathail], successor of [St.] 
Coemhgen, was killed by theTJi-Muiredaigh in the centre of 
Glenn-da-locha. — A defeat [was inflicted] by the horse-host 
of Conchobar, son of Mac Lochlainn, upon the horse-host of 
TigernanTJaRuairc, wherein fellTJaCiardhai, kingof Cairpri 



[fi^i/ ifiPSKiiios] ; thus giving thirteen 
moons to the year In the luni-eolar 
reckoning. The present is the third 
Embohsm of the Decemnovennal 
Cycle: Epact 26, Golden Number 
Till. (See Todd Lectures, Series 
III, No. IV.) 

Its place in the Calendar is in- 
dicated in a marginal gloss in the 
L. B. Cal. of Oengus, opposite 



March 6 : Tertius Embolismus cicli 
deoinnovenalishic incipit et oontur- 
bat regulum [-am]. For the disturb 
bance, see Bede, De temp, rat., t. xx. 
This Embolism is of historical 
interest. It was the proof assigned 
in his reply to Pope Leo the Great 
by Paschasinus, bishop of Lily- 
baeum, why the Easter of Hi 
should be celebrated on the Alesan- 



118 



ccMiialcc ulccoTi. 



til Caiiipfii 7 Ccccal hUa Roleallais 7 Sicrnoc 
hUa mael-bfiigr^e 7 mac CCe'oa hUi T)hu15T)ai, pi liUa- 
n-CCmalga-Da 7 alii mulci.— mui^sif hUa l\Iio[i]c, 
aiiacinnec Tuama-Da-suaLann p^ai yie, "oo ec 1 n-1nif-in- 
gaill- — "gmm jiaanna, anaicnig, aiTiiaiama|it:ac, |io^oiU 
eafcoine pep n-Spenn, eceyi loec 7 cleiyiec, "oo nac ppi^ 
macfaitila 1 n-Gpinn piam, no 'oenarfi do 13111561111011 hUa 
Ruaipc7T)0 htli[b]-Opiuiii : idoii, comapba paupaic x)0 
nocufapuguT) 1 11-a pia'Diiu[i]ipe : i-ooii, a cin'oefea tdo plau 
7 "opeam -diB no mapban 7Hiaccleipec'DianiuiiiiiT;ippeiii, 
nobi po Chinleba'D, no niapban aim. ly^ e imoppo an 
lapmuipc nopaff no'11 11115111111 fa, co nac puil 1 n-Gpmn 
comtiipce ip caipifi no nmne ponefca, no cupponi5ailcep 
T)hia7 noei'niB in t:-oIc pa. In ninperh pa cpa cucan 
pop comapba par;paic, ipp amal 7 ninyim in 
Coinnne5 ; uaip anpubaipc in Coimneo pein ifin 
c-Shoif cela : Cfui" uop ppepnio, me ppepnit;; qui 
me ppepnic, ppepiiic etim qui me mipic°. — Cpeac- 
pluagan la Taippnelbac hlla Concobuip ilLaisniB, co 
poacc Loc-Capman ; aipfeig, cimcell Laigen cohCCc-clicrc 
7 nopoine bo-niban mop in conaip pin ; o CCc-cliac, n'a 
C15 nopi[^]ipi. OCcd cpa miclu an c-pluai5ain pin pop 
"Cisepnan hUa Uuaipc — Cpeac la TTlapiup 7 la pipu 
pepn-muigi I11 "Cip-bpi'uin, co cucpan gabala mopa. 
"-" qui uof, ecc, ec cjui tne, ecc. , C. 



drine date, April 23, in preference 
to tlie Roman, March 26. 

^Incharge ofthesaci'edrequisite -.and 
relics — Literally, under a Culebadh. 
This expression, according to the Irish 
idiom, implies an office. In the Carl- 
sruhe (Irish) Codex of St. Augustine 
(No. cxcv. fol. 19c), culebath glosses 
Jlahellum. But the context {quo etiam 
muscas ahigentes aerem commovemus) 
shows that here the word is taken 
literally, gnat-destroyer. The em- 
ployment of the Jlalellum, or fan, at 



Mass, as in the Greek Church, was too 
striking a ceremony to escape inciden- 
tal mention in native hagiographj'. 
A Culebadh was among the Columban 
relics at Kells. According to the 
Seafaring of Snedgus and Mac 
Eiogail{Adamnan,-p.Z2Z'),\i coasi&t^a. 
of a leaf as large as the hide of a great 
ox. It was to be placed upon the 
altar. This description appears 
to identify it with the veil, or 
Coopertorium quo altare tegitur cum 
oblationibus, of Gregory of Tours 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



119 



and Cathal Ua Eogheallaigh, and Sitriuc "Ua Mael-BrigLte, 
the son of Aedh Ua Dubhdai, king of Ui-Amalghadha, 
and many others. — Muirghis Fa Nioic, herenagh of Tuaim- 
da-ghualann for [a long] space, died in Inis-in-GhailL— 
A deed ugly, unprecedented, ill-issuing, that deserved the 
curse of the Men of Ireland, both laic and cleric, whereof 
the like was not found in Ireland before, was done by 
Tigernan TJa Euairc and by the Ui-Briuin : namely, the 
successor of [St.] Patrick was stark dishonoured in his own 
presence : that is, his retinue was waylaid, and some of them 
were killed ; and a student of his own household, who was 
in charge of the sacred requisites and relics ^ was lolled 
there. — Now the result that grew out of this iU deed is this, 
that there is no protection which is secure for a person 
henceforth, until this evil is avenged by God and by men. 
For this disrespect that was put upon the successor of 
Patrick, it is the same as disrespect of the Lord ; since the 
Lord himself said in the Gospel : "He that despiseth you, 
despiseth Me ; he that despiseth Me, despiseth Him who 
sent Me" [Luke x. 14]. — A foray-hosting by Tairrdelbach 
Ua Concobhuir into Leinster, until he reached Loch Car- 
man : herefrom, around Leinster to Ath-cliath, and he 
wrought great destruction of cattle on that route ; from 
Ath-cliath, to his house again. But the ill-fame of that 
hosting is upon Tigernan Ua Ruairc. — A foray by Magh- 
nus and by the men of Fern-magh into Tir-Briuin, so that 



(De Vitia Patr., viii.. Cf . The Stowe 
Missal, Trans. K. I. A., vol. xxvii. 
p. 169). That veil had enough 
in common with the muscifugmm 
to have the Irish equivalent of 
Jlahdhm, applied thereto. Thence, in 
a secondary sense, culehadh would 
come to signify the requisites for Mass 
and for administration of the Sacra- 
ments ; fo cuUbadfi designating the 
custodian thereof. 
The circumstances of the present 



outrage suggest a more comprehen- 
sive meaning. When engaged upon 
a visitation, the primate always 
had the insignia (=Irish minna ; 
for which see the Stowe Missal, ubi 
sup., p. 174:) of St. Patrick carried 
about with him. These are divi- 
ded into consecrated (insignia con- 
secrata) and other (aliorum insig- 
nium) in the Liber AngeK (Book of 
Armagh, fol. 21c). The former 
are intended in a passage of 



[1128J 



120 



aNMalcc wlccDti. 



beifiiT) Tigepnan co n-l]i[b]-biT,iuin 7 co focaiT)i moip 
aib'^ poiajao ic (Xc-phi|i'Dea'D. peyicaiii c|ia ccrc ece|i|iti 7 
meabaif) i:oit. 'Cijepnan 7 poja t1i[b]-0iiniin 7 maiaBrufi 
t;|ii° cen no cecfii cec° "oib, 1 cofuc eimg pacpaic — | 
B 50o Sluagaf) la Concobuia hUa Loclainn 7 la Cenel-n -6050111 
7 la "Dal-ii-CCfiai-oe 7 la heip-giallaib 1 ITias-CoBa, co 
cucfoc pallu hUa-n-Gcac. Impoiu laiifin poii a laim cli 
1 pefiaib-bjie^, co paiigaibfer; -Diaeim "oia muinnrefi ann 7 
CO n-'De1^nfac col mop. pia^o "Dhia 7 pia['D] "baimlS : ixion, 
lopca-D OCca-cfiuim co n-a cempluiB 7 pocai'OG tdo xiul 
mapcpa mnciB. 'Non' impecyiaua pace T)ei uel [bjonii- 
num, pecpo ambtilaueptnii;. — 81c m-blia'bna co le£, uel 
paulopluf, 7)0 x>eTiuTn do comopba pacpaic euep Conn ami 
7Pep.11 ITluiTian. 

]<:al. Ian. 111. p., I., UI1., CCnno "Domini m.° c.° ccx.° ix.° 
TTIac 1Tlapa[i]p btia Reboca[i]n, aipcinnfec Lip-m6ip 
TTlocuru [7)0 ec]. — g^lla-ITIoconna bUa "Ouibxupma "do 
mapba-D "do Ullisai!) 1 n-1nip-'Caici. — Ceallac, comapba 
Pacpaic, mac oge 7 aip-oeppcop lap-caip ©oppa 7 oein 
cenn popiapaigpecup goixiil 7 ^cf'^^ ^ciic 7 clepic, lap 
n-oip'onex) -Dono eppcop 7 pacapu 7 aip[i] gaca jpaix) 
apcena 7 lap coipecpa'b uempall 7 peilge-o n-imxia, lap 
T^ifinacal peoc 7 moeine, lap n-apail prngla 7 poBepa 
pop cac, euep T;uaic 7eclaip, lapm-beuaigceilebupcaig- 
aipppennaig, oeniDig, eapnaigcTO, iap n-ongaxi 7 aicpigi 
€0501-06, popaiTi a anmain a n-ucc aingel 7 apcamgel, 1 
n-CCp-D-pacpaic, ipin TTlumain, 1 jcalainn CCppil, m 



, MS. 



.ccc. t. .cccc , MS. '"' non iTnpec'p.crc[a], etc., C. 



Tireohai], which coniiecta them 
with a veil. Et ordiaavit ibi 
[Dunseverick,oo. Antrim] Oloanum 
sanctum episcopum, quem nutrivit, 
Patrioius et dedit illi partem de 
reliquiis Petri et Pauli et aliorum 
et velum quod custodivit reliquias 
(Book of Armagh, fol. 15b). The 
veil here mentioned, it can be in- 



ferred, signified the cover, or 
reliquary. The phrase in the text 
will thus include a person in charge 
of relics. 

The expression is not translated in 
C. The whole entry is omitted 
("perhaps intentionallj'," Do- 
novan, ii. 1029) by the Four 
Mabters. 



ANNALS OF TJLSTEE. 121 

thej took great captures. Tigernan [Ua Euairc], with [1128] 
tlie Ui-Briuin and with another large force, comes up with 
them, at Ath-Fhirdeadh. Battle is then fought between 
them, and defeat inflicted upon Tigernan and upon the Ui- 
Briuin ; and three hundred, or four hundred of them are 
killed, as a first reparation^ to Patrick. — A hosting by 
Conchobur Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain and by 
the Dal-Araidhe and by the Airgialla into Magh-Cobha, 
so that they took away the pledges of the Ui-Echach. Th ey 
turn after that on their left hand into Fir-Bregh, until 
they lost a party of their people there and did a great 
crime before God and before men : namely, the burning of 
Ath-truim with its churches and a multitade underwent 
violent death in them. They marched back, without having 
obtained the peace of God, or of men. — Peace of a year 
and a half, or a little longer, was made by the successor of 
Patrick between the Connachtmen and the Men of Munster. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd ferja, 7th of the moon, a.d. |"ii29] 
1129. Mac Marais Ua Rebochain, herenagh of Lis-mor 
of Mochutu [died]. — Gilla-;Mochonna,i UaDuibdirma was 
killed by the Ulidians in Inis-Taiti. — Ceallach, successor 
of Patrick, son of purity and eminent bishop of the West 
of Europe and the one head to whom served the Goidhil 
and the Foreigners, laics and clerics, after ordaining 
bishops and priests and persons of every [church] 
grade besides and after the consecration of many 
churches and cemeteries ; after bestowing of treasures 
and of wealth ; after enjoining of rule and good conduct 
upon every one, both laic and cleric ; after a Mass- 
celebrating, fasting, prayerful life ; after Unction and 
choice penance, he sent forth his spirit into the bosom of 



^ First reparation. — Meaning that . 1129. ■' Gilla-Moehonna. — Devotee 
other punishments were InBicted I of (St.) Mochonna. As luis-Taiti 
subsequently. I was an island in Lough Beg;, co, 

1 



122 



ttMNala ula'Dti. 



feciiTTDa pei^ict 7 ifin cecpamaT)" blia'oain picec* a 
abT)aine 7 ifin coicacmai)'' blmxiain a aifi. 'Rucax) vjia 
a copp hi T;ei'ic° Moti CCpyiil co tey-m6\i mocucu, -do 
peip. a citnna pat)ein 7 iiopiaircdiiex) co falmaiB 7 
ymncoB 7 cannT;ccicib. Ocuf poha-onaice-o co honopac 1 
n-ailai'D in[n]a n-epfcop 1 ppi-o Non CCpynl, in quini;a 
peyiia. muinceyiisac, mac "Oomnaill, x)'oifiT)ii6T) 1 com- 
niibuf pcrcpaic inMon CCppiL— i:eac Coluirn-ciLle 1 

A. D. 1129. =-n .iiii.maT) — .XX.1C, MS. ' .tmaT), MS. <= .111., MS. 



Londonderry, the saint here in- 
tended "was one of the two SS. 
Mochonna venerated in Derry on 
March 8 and May 1 3, respectively. 
" Ard-Patraic. — The obit of 
O'Longan (1113, supra), the autho- 
rities cited in the note there given 
and two entries of a similar kind 
in these Annals explain the pre- 
sence of Cellach at Ard-patriok. 
O'Longan belonared to one of the 
tribes (mentioned in note 4, infra) 
that, by a perversion of the prin- 
ciple regulating succession in 
endowed churches [Senclias Mor, 
Brehon Laws, i. 73 sq, ; Book of 
Armagh, fol, L6d, 17a), temporarily 
diverted the primacy into lay 
hands, The head of the name, 
Gilla-Crist (Book of Leinster p. 
334a, 1. 39; Book of Ballymote, p. 
115 b, 1. 34) and Ua Sinachain of 
the kindred sept, the Ui-Sinaich, 
who died respectively in 1072 and 
1052 {supra), are caMud stewards of 
Munster. Whence it can be in- 
ferred thac they were likewise 
incumbents of Ardpatriok. That 
church consequently was imme- 
diately subject to Armagh : its 
superiors were the stewards, or 



custodians, of the primatial cess in 
Munster and were selected from the 
families in question. 

Cellach had accordingly arrived 
there, either to visit, whether 
officially, or through courtesy ; or, 
it may be, in connection with 
the trace between Munster and 
Connaught mentioned under the 
preceding year. 

' Tomb of the hisJwps. — Colgan, 
who was advised by the F. M. , trans- 
lates : hi sanctuario episcoporum 
vuigo appcUato / (Tr. Th., p. 301). 
The error, as was to be expected, 
has been copied by O'Conor. 

" His [Latin] name [Celsus] is in 
the Soman Martyrology at the 6tli 
of April. . . Its being placed 
at 6 April is owing to another 
mistake of Baronius [the first mis- 
take, Note to Eom. Mart., Ap. 5, 
was assigning the death to 1128], 
who was the first to insert it in the 
Roman Martyrology, which he 
revised by order of Gregory XIII. 
It was already in Molanus' Addi- 
tions to Usuard, published in the 
year 1568. ... As his inter- 
ment wag marked rv. April., this 
notation was probably mistaken 



AXXALS OF ULSTER. 



123 



angels and arcLangels, in Ard-Patraic- in Munster, on the 
Kalends [1st] of April, on the 2nd feria, and in the 2-lth 
year of his abbacy and in the 50th year of his age. His 
body -was then carried on the 3rd of the Nones [3rd] of 
April to Lis-raor of Mochutu, according to his own will 
audit was waked with psalms and hymns and canticles. And 
it was buried with honour in the tomb of the bishops, on the 
2nd of the ]S"ones [4th] of April, on the 5th feria. Muir- 
certach, son of Domnall, was instituted'' l_recte, intruded] 
into the succession of Patrick on the Nones [5th] of April. 
— The house of Colum-cille in Cell-mic-nEnain^ was seized 



[1 129] 



forvi. April., and thus adding a 
confu&ion of said day with that of 
his death, this error seems to have 
originated" (Lanigan, H. H. iv. 
89-91). 

* Imtituted. — As the time was 
too short for the newrs to reach 
Armagh, much less for a canonical 
election to take place, between 
Monday and Thursday, the 
" institution," there can be little 
doubt, was performed in Lismore. 
The chief members of the family 
to which Cellaoh belonged thus 
accompanied him to Munster, In 
the Liber AngeU, or Book of 
primatiul privileges, the ordinary 
retinue is set down as fifty. 
Eeeeptio archiepisoopi, heredis 
cathedrae meae urbis, cum comiti- 
bus suis, nnmero quinquaginta 
(Book of Armagh, fol. 206). 

Feidlimid, who belonged to the 
sixth generation from Conn of the 
Hundred Battles (2nd cent, a.b.), 
had amongst his five sons two 
named Bresal and Echaid : epony- 
moas heads of the TJi-Bresail and 
the Ui-Echaeh, whose respective 
territories were the baronies of 



Oneilland East and Armagh foo. 
Armagh). 

Sixteenth in descent from Bresal 
was Camnscach, great grandson of 
Erudan, who held forcible posses- 
sion of the primatial see from 1060 
to 1064 and died in 1074 (supra). 

In the fourth degree from Echaid 
was Sinach, eponymous head of the 
Ui-Sinaioh. This was the sept that 
supplied almost all the lay succes- 
sion in Armagh, as appearsfrom the 
following table (Book of Leinster, 
pp. 334b, 33So; Book of Ballymote, 
pp. 113-4). The genealogy appears 
defective by comparison with that 
of the Ui-Bresail ; but, for the pre - 
sent purpose, this is immaterial. 

Sixth from Sinach was 
Eochad: 

I 



I 1 

(1) Maelmuire (3) Dubdalei- 

(1020). the (1064). 

I fCunms- 

I each, 1060-64.) 

(2) AmalgaJd (1049). 

(4) 3Iai;-Isu (lODl). (5) DonmaU (1106). 
Aed (1095). (7) Murrcertach (11C4). 



(6) CeUaoh (liaD; 



(S) NiaU (1134). 

i2 



124 CCNMaLOC tlLCCt)Tl. 

CilL-mic-n-Gnain -do jabail t)'0 'Cliai|icefic i^oja CCev, mac 
B50d. Cacba[i]pfi 11 "Domnaill | 7 a lofca'o -do. — CaifT;el 
CCca-Umin -do xienaTTi la 'Caiyip.'oelbac htla Concobaip. 
— 5'Ua-Cyiifc, mac Tllic tli'op.in, coifec Cenitiil-'Pe|iafi- 
ai^, 'DO lofcax) a cig a alciiann hi 'Ciia-TDanac, 1 meBail. 
— Wialb hUa Ciaica[i]n, iai htla-piacfiac OC|nDa-fpaca, 
■DO niapbati -D'tlib^Cennecib. 

[Cal. Ian. 1111. p., I. x. uiii., CCnno "Domini 171,° c.° xxx." 
SoyiT) CoUnm-cille'' co n-a cempall 7 co n-a minnailS 
im-DoiB ■DO lofca'D. — Cu-CCippne htlaConcobai|i, yii hUa- 
Pailgi, ■Doec. — (Xmlaim, maclTlic Shena[i]n,iai' ^aibeng 
O^Don," cocoll pliuc'') ; Oenguf bUa Cain'Delba[i]n, \i{ 
Loegaiiie 7 focai-oe aile ■do maici6 -do ruicim la Pfiti 
Opeipne 1 SleiB-'guaiiae. — bellum ecep phiyiu CClban 7 
■pepu ITloi^ebi T^opcfia'oaiacei^iT.i'-mile'D'pheiiailDTTlopeb, 
im a pig, iTDon, Oen^tif, mac inline L11IU15 ; mile imop.]ao 
(uel^cencum, quo'D efcueifiiuf*) ■D'phep.aib CClban 1 ppi'c- 
guin. — Sluaga'D la Concobufi blla Loclainn 7 la "Cuaip- 
cepc n-Bi^enn 1 n-tlllT;aib, 50 pocmolpacuii tllai'D -do 
uabaifiu cam "doiIS. TTlebaif imoppo poyi Ullcaib, co 
jxold'D a n-d|i, im CCe-D hlla t-omsfig, fii "Oal-CCpai'De 7 
im 5il-^ct"P«^r^c(ic hlla -Sep-i^aig, -jai 'Dal-buin'oe 7 im 

A.D. ^130. ^om., C. M r. m., t. h., MS. ; om., C. f. 1111., MS. 1-1 itl., 
t. h., MS. ; om., C. The two first words are written Lu., which should per- 
haps be r.ead as y\q, cec — or, a hundred, to correspond with the native text. 



Cellacli was a layman on his 
aocession. Niall died in 1139. 

From tht! foregoing and the 
notices in the Annals we see that 
the pleiilis progenies (the tribe in 
whose territory Armagh stood) 
usurped the position and dis- 
charged by deputy the sacr.ed 
functions of the ecclesiastica pro- 
genies (Book of Armagh, fol. 16d). 
Cdl-mic-n-Euain. — Church of the 



Son ofEnan. Now (by substitution 
of r for »), Kilmacrenan (county 
Donegal). 

^By 0' Taireheri.—The editor of 
the Annals of Loch Ce says (in a note 
ad an.') that "the F. M. have Ua 
Tairchert, which is likely to be cor- 
rect, although the form Tairchert 
occurs also in the Annals of Ulster." 
But he mistook the form d6 = do for 
the preposition do (by). 



ANNALS OF ULSTEll. 



125 



by O'Tairchert" upon Aedh, son of Cathbarr Ua Domnaill 
and he was burned by him.— The castle of Ath-luain was 
built by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair. — Gilla-Crist, soa of 
Mac Uidhrin, chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, wiis burned in 

the house of his fosterer in Tir-Manach, in treachery. 

NialFUa Crichain, king of the Ui-Fiachrach of Ard- 
sratha, was killed by the TJi-Oennetigh. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 18th of the moon, a.d. 
1130. Sord of Colum-cille with its church and with its 
many relics was burned. — Cu-Aiffne Ua Conchobair, king 
of Ui-Failghi, died. — Amhlaim, son of Mac Senain, king 
of Gailenga (namely, " "Wet Cowl ") ; Oenghus Ua Cain- 
delbain, king of Loegaire and a number of nobles besides 
fell by the Men of Breifni at Sliabh-Guaire. — -War^ between 
the Men of Scotland and the Men of Moray, wherein fell 
four thousand of the Men of Moray, around their king, 
namely, Oenghus, son of tbe daughter of Lulach^ ; onethou- 
sandalso (or one hundred, which is truer)of the Men of Scot- 
land[fell]in the contest. — A hosting by Conchobur UaLoch- 
lainn and by the IS^orth of Ireland into Ulidia, so that the 
Ulidians assembled to give battle to them. Defeat, how- 
ever, is inflicted upon the Ulidians and a slaughter of 
them ensued, around Aedh Ua Loingsigh, king of Dal- 
Araidhe and around Gilla-Patraic Ua Serraigh, king of 



[1129] 



[1130] 



' Niall. — His name terminates the 
genealogy in the Books of Leiuster 
(p. 338e) and Ballymote (p. 113e), 
proving that the compilation was 
made daring his life-time. He 
was tenth from Crichan, who was 
likewise the tenth from Colla Uais 
(4 th century A'.i>.) 

1130. 1 War. — Eodem anno 
(septimo^, Comes Moraviensis^ 



Angusius, apud Strucathrow cum 
gente sua peremptus est. (Fordun, 
Chron. Gent. Scot, v. 33.) In the 
Gesta Annalia {cap. 1), the place is 
called Strucathroch. It was in For- 
farshire. In the Anc/lo Saxon 
Chronicle (Cot. Tib. B IV.), the 
slaying of Anagus is given at this 
year. 

^Lulack— Slain in 1058 {supra). 



126 



a«NaLa tHaT)?!. 



T)u%ailB6 TTlac Caijacin 7 im focaiT»e ajicena. Innpin 
imojitio in cifi co hmyiuejx na hCCi^-Da, etreyi cuaic 7 c)ll, 
CO cucfau mile "do bpaic, ueV paulo plup" 7 iltiiile 
imoiayio tdo 15uail5 7 tdo eacai15. ITIaici imofiyio tllafi im 
a 1^15 lap. pein co hCCp-D-TTlaca, 1 coiTiTiail ConcoBaip, co 
n-'Depiifat; fi€ 7 comltnsi 7 co papsfai: giaLlu. — ITleap 
mop cec uopaifi co*" coiccenn 1 n^Gpinn uile° ipin blia-Dain 
pi. 

ICal. 1an. «. ^p., I. xx. ix., CCnno T)omint m.° c.° xxx." 1° 
Cpecpluasa'D la 'Caipp'oelbac hUa Concobuip 7 la 
Coici-d" Cboniiacc 1 TTIumain, co poaipgpec htli-Conaill- 
^habpa. — Sltia^axi la Concobap hUa m-Opiam 7 la 
Ppu TTluman iliaisnib, co pogab a ri-51'allu 7 lap pein 
1 ■mi'De,copoaip5peac1nipLoca-8eirhT)i'De 7C0 pocompuc 
a mapcpluag 7 mapcpluag Connacc, co pemaixi pop 
mapcplucts ConriGcc. 

[B 50d ends."] 



[B 51 a.i] 

Uucaxi ap Loc-Siglen 7 poboi coicuiglpap iriip aiiD, no 

til ip mlbu 7 popuaplHic in eclup naem 7 pac pacpaic 

lie 7 pomapbaiT) na coimeDaigi pobaT)up ic a coime-o. — 

"Dopup t;empaill T)aipe t)0 "oenam la comapba Coluim- 

-• om., C. 

A.D. 1131. i.u.ifuMS. 

* A ehasm occurs in the MS. (B); up to end of a.d. 1155. 

1 On the upper margin, a modern (1 7th century) hand wrote : "Fower 
leaves are wanting before thiSi" That is the number of the lost folios. 



1131. ^ Gonnachi. — The missing 
years up to and including portion of 
1138 are in great part the same, it 
is safe to conclude, as those in the 
Annals of Loch. Ce. Thenceforward 
(the Annals of Loch Ce being blank 
to 1169 inclusive) the entries, though 



unrecognisable at present, were, there 
can be no doubt, embodied in the 
maih by the Four Masters. 

^ Ma&l-Isu — Given in C and (in 
almost the same words) in the 
Annals of Loch Ce. 

1132. 1 The house This imperfect 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



127 



Dal-Buiude and around Dubhrailbhe Mac Cairtin and 11130] 
around a multitude besides. Moreover, they pillage the 
country as far as the East of the Ard, both secular and 
church land,^ so that they took away a thousand captives, 
or a little more, and likewise mar.y thousands of cows 
and of horses. The nobles of Ulidia also [went] after 
that with their king to Ard-Macha, into the assembly of 
Conchobhar, so that they made peace and co-swearing and 
left pledges. — Great crop of every produce generally in 
all Ireland in this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 29th of the moon, a,d. [iisi] 

1131. A foray -hosting by Tairrdelbach tla Concobuir 
and by the Fifth of Connacht into Munster, so that they 
harried (Ji-Conaill-Ghabra. — A hosting by Conchobhar 
TJa Briain and by the Men of Munster into Leinster, so 
that he received their pledges and after that [he went] 
into Meath, so that they harried the Island of Loch^ 
Semhdide and their horse-host and the horse^host of Con- 
nacht met and defeat was inflicted upon the horse^host of 
Connacht.^ 

(Mael-Isu^ O'Foglada, episcopus Cassil, in senectute 
bona quievit.) 

(Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 10th of the moon, a.d. [il32Bis.J 

1132. The house^ [of the abbess] of Kildare was made 
(recte, seized) by the Kenselaghs . , .) 

***** 

[Kalends of Jan. on 7 th feria, 24th of the moon, a.iJ; [1159] 
1155.J 

[Tigernan^ Ua Ruairc took Donnchadh TJa Cerbaill, 
lord of Oirghialla, prisoner, after Donnchadh had gone 



entry Is giveu in C. (The luni-solar 
notation ia in Latin.) The remainder 
which ia contained in the Annals of 
Loch Ce, states that the church -was 



burned, that a large number were 
slain and that the abbess was violated. 
1155. 1 Tigeman - Uenannus, —^ 
Taken from the Four Masters. 



128 



ocNMala ulcroti. 



ciUe, roon, la ■piaicbeyirac hlla b)iolca[i]n. — CCmlaim 
mac Canai (muifie* Ceniuil-[0]en5Ufa''), ruip gaifciTi 
7 beo'Sacca Ceniuil-eoj;a)n uile, mo|vt;u[u]f eft;. 

Lbif ] |Cal. Ian. i- -p., I. u., CCnno T)omini 111° c.° V ui.° 
"CaiiT.i'i'Oelbac hUa Concobiiiia, aiyi'Djai Connacc, cuip. 
oiaDain 7 oiiiecii[i]f ©penn uile ap, jaifce-o 7 uTOiiacul 
pec 7 mame t)0 laecailS 7 "oo cleipcib, 111 pacequieuir. — 
Sluaga'D la ITluipcepcac bUa Loclainn 1 n-lUlcaiB, co 
cue bpaigTO ppi a peip. Ocup ip pop an ploaga-o pin iDai\o 
pomapbax) blla h1n[n]eip5i pop pceimleu— CCe-o hUa 
Cananna[i]n, pi Ceniuil-Conaill, -do mapbat) La hUa 
Ca£a[l]i'i 7 lapepaibna Cpaibe. — Sluasax) aile'-oanola 
htia Laclaint) co n-TDeipcepi; m-bpeg, co cue bpaisTje 
Laigen TTlac TTltipcdTia cap cenn a Coici'd'' uile. 
■Docuaxiup lap pein Cenel-n-eojam 7 CCip^iallu 1 n- 
Oppai^iB. CO pnxcca'Dup Clap "Dhaipe-irioip, eo canga-oup 
maici Oppaigi bi cec btli Laclainn. — TTleapp mop ipin 
blia-oain pi po epi'nti uile- 'Noi m-bliaxinao'n niepmop 
aili'' gupan bluroaii'i pi. 

|CaL. Ian. 111. p., I. x. ui., CCnno T)omini m." c." l.° uii.° 
^illa-pacpaic Ulae Cappcai|, aipcmnec Copcaiji, in 
Chpipco quieuic. — Cu-Ula-D hUa Cain'Delba[i]n -oo map- 
baxi 1 niebail la TDonnca'D, mac "Oomnaill pucaTO bUi 
mael-8ecLainn, cap papugu-b comapba pacpaic 7 bacLu 

A.D. 1155. "-» 1. m. , t h , MS. This year om., C. 
A.D. 115G. " .11., MS. b .ti.TO., MS. 



^ Ua Brolchain. — See the exhaus- 
tive note, Adamkan, p. 405-6. 

^Steward. — {muire). — Lord (tigh- 
erna), F. M. 

1156. 1 Tower (tuir).— The F. M. 
change tuir into tulle (flood). 

^JSfine yeari At 1147 the F. M. 

record, very liltely from the missing 
portion of these Annals, a great crop 
throughout Ireland. 



1157. ^ Who therebi/ dishonoured. — 
Lilerally (lit., beyond) profanation of 
(the successor, etc.). '■ Inspight of," C. 

Ua Caindelbaiii(O'Quinlan) was 
chief of the Ui-Laeghaire (so 
called from Laeghaire, the contem- 
porary of St. Patrick), whose 
territory comprised the baronies 
of Upper and Lower Navan, co. 
Meath. Accordingto Mageoghegan 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 129 

to meet him with a small force to Cenannus.J He was [1155] 
carried upon [an island of] Loch-Sighlen and was a fort- 
night above a month therein, or something more and holy 
church and the favour of Patrick freed him and the guards 
that were guarding him were killed. — The door of the 
church of Daire was made by the successor of Colum-cille, 
namely, by Flaithbertach TTa Brolchain.^— Amlaim Mac 
Canai (steward* of Cenel-[0]engusa)', tower of the 
championship and activity of all Cenel-Eogain, died. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 5th of the moon, a.d. 1156. [1156 Bis.] 
Tairrdelbach TJa Conchobuir, archking of Connacht, tower^ 
of the splendour and of the principality of all Ire- 
land for prowess and bestowal of treasures and of wealth 
to laics and to clerics, rested in peace. — A hosting by 
Muircertach Fa Lochlainri into Ulidia, so that he took 
away pledges to his choice. And it is upon that hosting 
also Ua Inneirghi was killed on a surprise party.— Aedh 
Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, was killed by Ua 
Cathaiu and by the Men of the Craibh. — Another hosting 
also by Muircertach Ua Lachlainn to the South of Bregha, 
so that he took away the hostages of Leinster from [Diar- 
mait] Mac Murchadha in return for [giving to Diarmait] 
the whole province. After that the Cenel-Eogain and the 
Airghialla went into Ossory^ until they reached the Plain of 
Daire-mor, so that the nobles of Ossory came into the house 
of Ua Lachlainn. — Great crop in this year throughout all 
Ireland. !Nine^ years from the other great crop to this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 16th of the moon, a.d, 111571 
1157. Grilla-Patraic Mac Carrthaigh, herenagh of Cork, 
rested in Christ. — Cu-Uladh Ua Caindelbain was killed in 
treachery by Donnchadh, son of Domnall Ua Mael-Sech- 
nnaehli Merry, who thereby dishonoured ^ the successor 

he "was unhappilly and treaoher- I nell [son of Domnall] CMelaugh- 
ously killed by Donogli mac Don- I lyn, King of Meath: having 



130 



ttNiiaLa nlaroh. 



Iffu 7 niic laclainx) co maiciB in T:;uaifce[i]i\c.— ' 
"OaiTri-inif co n-a r;empluiB -do lofcuu — Comayiba 
Pacpaic (iDon/ aip.'oepfcop Gpenn") -do coifecpaTi 
€empailL na mnanac i pia'Dnu[i]p cleipec n-Gfienn, i-DOn, 
B 51b. in Leglait; 7 t1[i] Orem 7 ^fienne 7 na n-epfcop aincena 
71 pia'Dnu[i]fe laec n-rnroa, ifn hUa LaclmnT)', Toon, im 
1115 Gpenn 7 TJonncax) hUa CepbaiU 7 Tigeifinan^ TiUa 
Huaiyic. TJOfiat) T)uno IDuipceiacac hUa Loclamn occ^ 
ficciu bo 7 t:p.i •piece" ungai ■o'op. -oo'n Coim'015 7 -do na 
cleiyiciB. "Oopat; -oano baile ic "Opocaz;-aca -do na 
cleip-ciB, ix>on, pinnaBaip-na-n-insean. Ocuf rpi •piciu' 
tingai -D'opohtla Cepbaill 7^:111 picit;'= tin5a[i] aili'* o 
mgin hUi mail-Seclamn, orfinai 'Cisepnain htli Ruaipc. 
RohefconJcennaije'D 'oano "Do'n cup fin -cuaiii 7 o 
eclaif in i;-in5pinnt;ix)[e] mallaccac ■pofapaigefisap 
comapba pacpaic 7 bacall IffU 7 cleipciu Bpenn 
apcena: i-oon, "Oonncaxihtla mael-SecLainn. — Slua^ax) 
la Tyiuipcepcac hUa Laclainn co "Cuaifcepc Gpenn 1 

A.D. 1157. ^•Ciseritiain, MS. "■" itl., t.h., B. ; girenin C. ' .tiiii., MS. 
' .XX., MS. " .11., MS. 



sworne to each other before by the 
ensewing oathes to be true to one 
another, -without effusion of blood 
(for performance of which oathes 
the primatt of Ardmaoh was bound, 
the Pope's Legatt, Grenon, arch- 
bushopp of Dublyn, the abbot of 
the monkes of Ireland [Ua Brol- 
chain]) : the ooworb [successor] of 
St. Queran [of Clonmacnoise] with 
his oaths [=minna, relics], the 
Staff, or Bachall, of Jesus, the 
oowarb of St. Feiohyu [of Fore, co. 
Westmeath] with his oaths, the 
oaths [relics] of St. Columb-kill. 
These oaths and sureties were 
taken before King Mortagh [Mac 



Lochlainn], Donnogh O'Keryall 
king of Uriell, Tyernan O'Eoyrck, 
king of the Brenie and Dermott 
Mao Morrogh, king of Lynster 
and the principailest of Meath and 
Teaffa also. And if there were no 
such oaths or securities, it was a 
wicked act to kill such a noble- 
hearted rrian without cause.'' 

^ 271 presence of. — The F. M. may be 
pardoned for calling this a Synodal 
Assembly; but the same excuse 
cannot be pleaded for Colgan, who 
gravely sets it down a." a Synodal 
Convention ( Convenius Synodalis) for 
consecrating the Basilica of the Mon- 
astery (AA. SS., p. 665) ! [To conse- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



131 



of Patrick and the Staff of Jesus and Mac Lachlainn, alonw [1157] 
with the nobles of the North. — Daimh-inis with itschurches 
was burned. — The successor of Patrick (nameljr, the arch- 
bishop of Ireland) consecrated the church of the Monks 
[of Mellifont, near Drogheda], in presence of^ the clergy of 
Ireland, that is, of the Legate ^ and of Ua Osein and of 
Grenne and of the other bishops and in presence of many 
of the laity, around Ua Lachlainn, that is, around the king 
of Ireland and Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill and Tigernan Ua 
Ruairc. Moreover, Muircertach Ua Lochlainn gave eight* 
score cows and three score ounces of gold to the Lord and 
to the clergy. He gave also a townland at Drochait-atha 
to the clergy, namely, Finnabhair-na-ningen. And three 
score ounces of gold [were given] by Ua Cerbaill 
and three score ounces more by the daughter of Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn, [namely] by the wife of Tigernan 
Ua Huairc. On that occasion also was excommu- 
nicated by laity and by clergy the persecutor accursed, 
that dishonoured the successor of Patrick and the 
Staff of Jesus and the clergy of Ireland besides, namely, 
Donnchadh^ Ua Mael-Sechlainn. — A hosting by Muir- 
certach Ua Lachlainn along with the North of Ireland into 



crate is omitted in O'Donovan's 
translation.) 

The wonder is to find Lanigan 
(E. S. iv. 164) led astray thereby. 
He adda however: "This synod, 
or assembly, was held for the mere 
object of consecrating a church ; 
and in fact very little more seems 
to have been done by it " (p. 
167). 

3 The Legate. — Christian Ua Con- 
doirche, bishop of Lismore. The F. 
M. omit his name, and also those of 
Ua Osein (archbishop of Tuam) and 
of Gremie (archbishop of Dublin). 



The emission is accordingly re- 
peated in the hitherto published 
accounts of the transaction. 

O'Donovan (p. 1126) gives the 
reading of C. as ''the Legat Ui 
Conorchi and the bishops also." But 
it is : " the Legat, U Osen.Grene and 
the bishops also." 

^Eiffht.— The F. M. give seven 
(score) : whence Colgan has centum 
et quadraginta (l.oc. cit.'). 

^ Donnchadh. — His offence is stated 
in the second entry of this j'ear. 
According to Mageoghegan, "the 



132 



ccNNaLcc uLccDti. 



B 5lG 



ITIumain, co ipansa-oufi paicci tuimni'l 7 co ran5aT)Uii 
maici murriaTi im a lai^aiB 1 T;eac htli LacLairiT) 7 co 
•papgaiBfeu a m-bfiaigci aicce. 

]Cal. Ian. 1111. ^.,1. ocx. uii.,CCnno "Domini 171.° c.°l.°uiii.° 
"DomnaLl htla ton5aia5a[i]n, a|i-Depfcop TTluman, in 
Chiaifco quieuic. — Sluasaxi-DanolahtlaLaclainT) hi TDip.- 
Conaill, CO laomill panaic "do leiyi-^Senoxt "oo cmol la 
comaiiba pac|iaic 7 la cleipcib ejaenn ifin Op,i-mic- 
"ChaTOg, •Du 1 pabaDUp. coic" epfcoip "picec, -do enail 
laiagla 7 fobepa ap cac 1 coiccenn. If T)o'n cup pin 
poop'oaijpeu cleipig Spenn, im Chomapba pacpaic 7 im 
[in] Legaix;, cacaip -do comapba Coluim-cille, iDon, tdo 
phlai^bepcac hUa bpolca[i]n, amal gac n-eppcop 7 
apT)-abT)aine cell Coluim-cille po Gpinn uile co coii;cenn. 

ICal. Ian. u. p., I. ix., CCnno "Domini m.° c." L° ix.° 
T)iapmaic, mac "Cai-Dj; hUi TTIailpuanais, mopuuup epc. 
— Slua^ax)" la ITIuipcepiiac hUa Loclainn a TTIiTie, co 
papjaib "Oonnca-D hlla ITlail-Seclainn 1 lanpige IDitie' 
o Shmainn co paippgi." — Slosafi la TTluipceprac hUa 
Loclainn co maicib Cheineil-eojain 1 poipi'Sin CCip^iall 
CO hCCc-phip-Deax). 'Cansa-oup | imoppo Connacca 7 
Conmaicne 7 ll[i]-bpiuin do leip 7 cau mop -do TTIuim- 
necaiB conicce (X£-na-Caipbepna, ■do rabaipc caca "doiB. 
CCcpa&aKup imoppo Can el-n -60501 n 7 Ctipjiallu im hlla 



A.D. 1158. 

A.D. iisy. 



""" .u. epp.xx., MS. 
^■a om., C. 



whole kingdome and government 
[were] given to his brother Der- 
raott, a3 more worthy thereof.'' 
See 1159, note 1 (infra). 

1158. 1 Aho.—lh&t is, as well aa 
iuto Munster, the incursion into 



which is the last item of the pre- 
ceding year. 

^ The Legate. — Not mentioned by 
the Four Masters. 

2 Chair. — That is, he was made 
either a mitred abbot, or a bisbop with- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



133 



Munster, until they reacli the Grreen of Limerick and the 
nobles of Munster around their kings came into the house 
of Ua L^cUainn and left their pledges with him. 



[1157] 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 27th of the moon, a.u. [iioS] 
1158. Domnall TJa Longargain, archbishop of Munster, 
rested in Christ. — A hosting by Ua Laohlainn into Tir- 
Conaill also.^ so that he wasted Fanat entirely. — A Synod 
was assembled by the successor of Patrick and by the 
clergy of Ireland at the Hill of Mac Taidhg, wherein were 
five [and] twenty bishopSj to enjoin rule and good conduct 
upon every one in common. It is on that occasion the 
clergy of Ireland, along with ihe successor of Patrick and 
along with the Legate,^ appointed a Chair^ for the successor 
of Colum-cille, that is, for Flaithbertach Ua Brolchain, the 
same as [for] every bishop and the arch-abbacy in general 
of the churches of Colum-cille throughout all Ireland. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 9th of the moon, a.d. 1159, [1159] 
Diarmait, son of Tadhg Ua Maelruanaigh, died. — A 
hosting by Muircertach Ua Lachlainn^ into Meath, so that 
he left Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn in full kingship of 
Meath, from [the river] Shannon to sea. — A hosting by 
Muircertach Ua Lachlainn along with the nobles of Ceiiel- 
Eogain to Ath-Fhirdeadh in aid of the Airghialla. How- 
beit, the Connachtmen and the Conmaicni and all the 
Ui-Briuin and a large battalion of Munstermen came as 
far as Ath-na-caisberna to give battle to them. On the 
other side, the Cenel-Eogain and Airgialla under Ua 



out iurisdiotion (more probably the 
former). See 1173, note 1 ; 1247, 
note 2 {infra). 

1159. ^ Va LachJaimi.— 'S.e was 
the principal of those by whom 



Doniiohadh had been deposed in 
faTOur of his brother, Dermot, 
after the excommunication pro- 
nounced in 1157 ! 



134 



aMNalcc uLat)1i 



LocLainn pop, amup in CCca ceciia. Tnai-Dip cpa pop 
Connaccai15 7 pop Conmaiciie 7 pop tla-bpium, amal 
pobamip uile, I'oon.pe'' cam mopa t)oi15 7 laiu na -od cat 
aile" a n-T)ep5d:p: iDon, dpConnaccim giUa-Cpipc, mac 
"Diapma-oa, mic Cai-og 7 im IDuipcepuac, mac 'Cai-Dg 7 
mac "Oomnaill ht1i phlaicbepcaig, iT)on, mac pig 
lapraip Chonriacc 7 Opian ITlainec, mac Concol5aip, mic 
■Choipp-Delbais 7 hUa manT)aca[i]n (iT)on,* ITIuipe'oac'^), 
pi hUa-Opunn na Sinna 7 biianan, mac 5i^^«"Cpipc 
TTlic Opana[i]n, iT>on, pi Copco-OCcLann 7 mac phinna[i]n 
hUi Si1jlen,pi htla-n-Gcac Tnuaixie7 alii mulci nobilep; 
7 dp hUu-m-bpiuin, im mac Ti5epna[i]n hUi 
Cumpa[i]n 7 im mac ^lUa-phinnen t![i] Uoiiais 7 mac 
Suibne hill 5hala[i]n 7 TTIac Conbtn-be htli "Chopma- 
'Da[i]n 7 mac CCe-oa na n-amup, aippi Conmaicne, 7 tl[a] 
T)onncaf)a 7 pmnbapp, mac pinnBaipp 0[i] ^'i^pu'DU'D, 
i;oipec1T)uinnc;epi-5epU'Da[i]n. Oci]p°'Dpemmop'Doinuim- 
necail5, im mac 5'lla-Ciapa[i]n htli Cennecig. Ocu)'" 
TTlac na haix)ci htia Cepnaca[i]n -do mapba-o ap 
namapac poja cpeic. Ocup uucpa-Dtip Cenel-n-eogain 
bopoma n-'oiaipmi'-oe "oo'n cpeic pin 7 cepnacup imoppo 
Cenel-n-eogain co copcap mop "Dia cijib iap pein. — 
SLuaga'D la TTluipcepcac bUa Laclainn co Ceniul-n- 

•".tii., MS. °.ii., MS. d-djtl., t. h., B. ; cm., C. « ©i; (the Latin equiva- 
lent used as a contraction), MS. 



^Ford. — Thatia, Ath-na-caisberna ; 
in the neighbourhood of Ardee 
(Ath-Fhirdeadh), co. Louth. 

^ The two other battalions. — Name- 
ly, of the Cenel-Eogain and of the 
Airghialla. 

* Upon ihem. — Literally, their 
(.stark slavghter) ; the possessive 
being used objectively. O'Donovan 
{F. M. ii. 1135) translates lait na 
dd cath aile a n-dergdrhy "the tv70 
othtr battalions -were dreadfully 



slaughtered/' But the list of the 
slain, which does not include a 
single Ulster name, places the 
meaning beyond doubt. 

^ Brian Mainech. — So called from 
having been fostered in Ui-Maine 
(the O'Kellys' country in cos. Galway 
and Roscommon). 

^ Many other nobles. — The com- 
piler overlooked the fact that the 
context required the accusative, 
not the nominative. 



ANXALS OF ULSTER. 135 

Lachlainn advanced to attack the same Ford.^ But defeat [iloS] 
is inflicted upon the Connachtmen and upon the Conmaicni 
and upon the Ui-Briuin, as they were [in] all, namely, six 
large battalions of them and the two other battalions® inflict 
stark slaughter upon them*: to wit, slaughter of Connacht- 
men, around Gilla-Crist, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg [Mac 
Diarmata] and around Muircertach, son of Tadhg [Mac 
Diarmata] and the son of Doronall TJaFlaithbertaigh, that 
is, the son of the king of the west of Oonnacht, and Brian 
Mainech,^ son of Conchobhar, son of Toirrdhelbach [Ua 
Conchobair] and Ua Mandachain (namely, Muiredhach), 
king of TJi-Briuin-na-Sinna and Branan, son of Gilla- 
Crist Mac Branain, that is, king of Corco-Achlann and 
the son of Finnan Ua Sibhlen, king of the Ui-Echach of 
Muaidh; and many other nobles® [were slain]; and slaughter 
of the Ui-Briuin, around the son of Tigernan Ua Cumrain 
and around the son of Gilla-Finnen'^ Ua Eothaigh and the 
son of SuibneUaGalain and the son of Cu-buidhe^ UaTorma- 
dain and the son of Aedh " of the onsets," sub-king [?] of 
Conmaicni andUaDonnchadha and Finnbharr, son of Finn- 
bharrUa Gerudhain,^ chief of Muinnter-Gerudhain. And a 
large force of Munstermen [was slain], around the son of 
Gilla-Ciarain Ua Cennetigh. And " Son of the Night "" Ua 
Cernachain was killed on the morrow on a foray. And the 
Oenel-Eogain took away countless cattle-spoil on that foray. 
And the Cenel-Eogain returned indeed with great triumph 
to their homes after that. — A hosting by Muircertach Ua 
Lachlainn with the Cenel-Eogain and with the Airgialla 
and the Ulidians and Cenel-C'onaill into Connacht, so that 



'■ Gilla-Fi-nnen.— Devotee of [St.] 
Finnian (of Clonard, co. Meath). 

8 CK-Sa/rf/ie.— Literally, canhflmus. 

' (7e™rfAat«. — Geradan,C. ; Geru- 
dhud, B. 



" ' ' Son of the Kight. " — So called, 
perhaps, from the manj- nocturnal 
raids in tvhich he took part. 



136 



ccMNttLoc ularoTi. 



[bif.] 



BSld 



eosain 7 co n-CCii^giaUaiB 7 tlUcaiB 7 Cennil-Conaill 
1 ConnaccaiB, co laoloifcez; T)tin-Tn6ri 7 "Duii-Ciariai-Di 7 
T)un-na-n-Sall 7 co pomiUfet; mo)! xio'n rip, aricena, co 
jiofoifeu lap fin -oia cip, cen fic, cen giaUu. Octip ip 
T)o'n cup, fin cucpac leo htla gailmpe'Dais 7 CeneL- 
ITlaien. — TTIael-ITluipe hUa toingpig, eppcop iiiprtioip, 
puam uimm pelicicep piniuiu. — nniipcax> hUa RiiaTia- 
ca[i]n, pi CCipcep, tnopcuup epc— 'Cpi htli TTlael'Dopai'o 
•DO mapbaf) La htja Oananna[iJn hi meaPaiL 

ICal. 1aii. ui. p, I. XX., CCnno "Domini m.° c." lx.° 
'Donnca'D htia ITlael-Seclainn, pi riliTie, ■do iTiapba"6 -do 
macaiB htli phin'DaUa[i]n 1 meBail — htla Carianna[i]n, 
pi Cenmil-ConaiU, vo mapbaxi la Cenel-ConaiUpaxiem, 
1-Don, uec -DO lopcuxi | D'lJa baigiU paip. — pLaicbepcac 
hUa Ca^upaig, pi Saicne [tjo ec]. — Pnn htla5opnia[i]n, 
eppcop Cible-^apa, abb nianaclbaip-CinnT^pacca ppi pe, 
aT> ChpipT;um mispauic- — OpoTDup, mac 'CopcaiU, pi 
Cfca-cliau, T)p mapba'D -do TDeipcepc t)pe5.^maiT)m 
Tnaisi-Lu^aT) pia Cenel-n-eogam "Colca-oac pop hUa n- 
5ailmpex)ai5 7 pop "Oomnall htla Cpica[i]n 7 pop Ua 
piacpac, CO pomapbaTi "opem mop "oib. Ocup ip -Do'n 
cup pm Dopocaip co neimcinuac TTluipcepcac hUa 'Neill 
La Loclann hUa Laclamn, cocopcaip lap pin Loclann 1 
n-a xngail la mac hUi 106111. — Sluaga-o la TTluipcepcac 
htla Loclainn co Ceniul-Gogain 7 co n-CCipgiallailS, co 



A.D. 1160. ^ Cinnciaaccaom., G. 
sentence is improperly reversed in C. 



* The order of this and of the folloivinff 



^^ Gained over to them. — Literally, 
took with them. " Won," C. That 
is, succeeded in getting O'Gormley 
and his clan to become their allies. 
How short-lived was the alliance, is 
shown in the two concluding entries 
of the following j'ear. 

^^ Mael-Muire. — Devotee of Mart/, 



1160. ^ South of Bregha.—The 
entry in the Tour Masters states 
that he was slain by Maelcron Mao 
Gilla-Seachnaill (who was probablj' 
the brother of Domuall, lord of 
Bregia). 

^Dishonouring. — The specific apt 
is not stated. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 137 

they burned Dun-mor and Dun-Ciaraidhi and Dun-na- [1159] 
nGall and wasted much, of the land besides, until they 
returned to their own country after that, without peace, 
without pledges. And it is on that occasion they gained 
over to them" Ua Gailmredhaigh and theCenel-Maien.— 
Mael-Muirei2 TJa Loingsigh, bishop of Lis-mor, felicitously 
finished his life.— Murchadh Fa Ruadhacain, king of the 
Airthir, died.— Three Ui-Maeldoraidh were killed by TJa 
Canannain in treachery. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 20th of the moon, a.d. [UeOBis.] 
1160. Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Meath, 
was killed by the sons of Ua Findallain [lord of 
Delbna-mor] in treachery.— Ua Canannain, king of 
Cenel-Conaill, was killed by the Cenel-Conaill them- 
selves, — namely, a house was burned by Ua Baighill 
upon him. — Flaithbertach Ua Cathusaigh, king of 
Saitni, died. — Finn Ua Germain, bishop of Cell-dara, 
abbot of the monks of Ibhar-Cinntrachta for a [long] time, 
passed to Christ. — Brodur, son of Torcall, king of Ath- 
cliath, was killed by the South of Bregha.^ — The defeat of 
Magh-Lughad [was inflicted] by the Cenel-Eogain of 
Telach-oc upon Ua Gailmredhaigh and upon Domnall Ua 
Cricain and upon the Ui-Fiacrach, so that a large party of 
them were killed. And it is on that occasion Muircertach 
Ua Neill fell innocently [i.e., undesignedly] by Lochlann Ua 
Lachlainn, [but] so that in revenge of him Lochlann fell 
afterwards by the son of Ua Neill. — A hosting by Muir- 
certach Ua Lachlainn along with the Cenel-Eogain and the 
AirgiaUa, until they came to Magh-dula, to expel Ua 



" Oaths. — Literally, relies. From 
being employed to swear upoii> 
relics, evangelisteria, inissals, 
rituals, oroziers, and similar objects 



of veneration came to have the 
secondary meaning of oaths. (Cf. 
The Stowe Missal, Tr. R, I. A., 
xxvii, 174-5.) 

K 



138 



ccMMaLa tUcroTi. 



laansa-Duyi 1Tlas-n-T)ula vo innafibuT) liUi ^aiyimlesaTO. 
CC^iaocaiii qia hUa ^ctififlfilesaiti 1 mebail la 'Domnall 
hUa ITlaeliauanais, aft ejfiail htli Loclainn, layi fapusiTO 
cleiiaec n-eiaenn 7 a rfiitiT) xio. Ocuf yiucaT) a cenn co 
hCCiaT)-niaca 1 n-eniec paufiaic 7 Coluim-cille. 

jcal. Ian. 1. p., I. 1., CCnno T)omini m.° c." Ice." 1.° Via 
hOifipein, aia-D-epfcop Connacr, av Chpifcum misiiauit; 
— Cuaip-T: Ofiaaigi ■do xienam La comaiiba Coltmn-olle, 
iTJon, la piaicbeiat;ac bUa Opolca[i]n : i-oon, fecc" -picit;'' 
"Dani; ace ay e a fiac iaoT;ai'Dbex) ann, — iTJon, pee* 7 
ce^jai" cet;° uinge D'aiasuc 51I: tdoti, ujii huinge 1 n-gac 
"oam. — 'gopipp.ai^ hUa Tlagallaig vo mai^baxi, — SluasaTt 
la TTluipcepiiac hUa Loclamn hi 'Cip-m-Oianiin : ippet) 
■Docuamip. 'oaiT. Comup'Cluana-eoir, ctp. put; an ciiae, co 
papgaib 'Cigepnan a longpopc Doib- CCppein co'Cippaii;- 
■meppa[i]n. CCippallu 7lllaixi conicepem ciicai,7Tnac 
TTlupca'ba co-tai§ni15 7 ca£ vo ^hallaib, co n-'oeoca'oap 
uile 1 TTlais-'Cecba.^ "Cainig •Dane htla Concobuip T^ap 
Sinam-D aniap 7 T)opac bpaigxie T)'ll[a] Loclamn 7 •oano 
cue blla Loclamn a coigex) comlan ■Dopom. — 'Cec do 
gabail "DO Cha^al^ htla Ragallaig pop TTlael-Seclamn 
hUa Ruaipc pop lap 8ldme, co pomapbax) ann ITluip- 
cepi;ac htla Ceallaig, pi bpeg, co n-'opemi "do ifiaicib 
B 52a ime. I 'Cepnai imoppo 1Tlael-8eclamn app. — Iriiap hUa 
hlnnpeccai^, aipcmnec TTlucnonia 7 pi htla-TTIei'cppi pe, 
■DO ec— Slua^at) aile la htla Loclamn hi mixie, 1 com- 



A.D. 1161. 

°.cocc., MS. 



I'Ceppa, MS. ^^Ticocal, MS. ^ .uii., M.S. i" .xcc., MS. 



*Jre reparation to. — Literally, in, 
reparation of. 

ll&l. ^ UahOissein Called Aed 

(Hugh) in the Annals of Innisf alien ■ 
in which his death is entered undfer 
the previous year. 



^ Pure. — Literally, white. 
' For. — Literally, in. 

* Killed.— At Kells, by Mael- 
Sechlainn O'Ruairc according to the 
Four Masters. The reprisal made by 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 139 

Gairmlegtaidh [from Cenel-Moain], But Ua Gairmleg- [1160] 
haidh fell in treachery by Domnall Ua Maelruanaigh, by 
direction of Ua Locblainn, after the dishonouring^ of the 
clergy of Ireland and of his oaths^ by him. And his {lit., 
the] head was carried to Ard-Macha, in reparation to* 
[SS.] Patrick and Colum-cille. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 1st of the moon, a.d. 11()1. [1161] 
Ua hOissein,! archbishop of Connacht, passed to Christ. — 
The circuit of Ossory was made by the successor of Colum- 
ciUe, namely, by Flaithbertach Ua Brolcha[i]n : that is, 
seven score oxen [were given] : but it is their value that 
was presented there, — namely, four hundred and twenty 
ounces of pure^ silver : to wit, three ounces for^ every ox- 
— GoefErey Ua Raghallaigh [lord of Breifni] was 
killed.* — A hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn into 
Tir-Briuin : the way^ they went [was] past the Confluence 
of Cluain-Eois, through the length of the country, until 
Tigernan [Ua Ruairc] abandoned his camp to them. 
From that to the Well of Messan. The Airgialla 
and Ulidians [came] to that place to him and Mac 
Murchadha with the Leinstermen and a battalion of 
Foreigners [came], so that they all went into the Plain of 
Tethbha. Then Ua Conchobuir came from the west, across 
the Shannon and gave pledges to Ua Lochlainn and there- 
upon Ua Lochlainn gave his entire Fifth [i.e. Province] to 
him. — A house was seized by Cathal Ua Raghallaigh 
upon Mael-Sechlainn Ua Ruairc in the centre of Slane, 
so that Muircertach Ua Ceallaigh, king of Bregha, was 
killed there, with a party of nobles around him. Mael- 
Sechlainn, however, escaped therefrom. — Imhar Ua 
Innrechtaigh, herenagh of Mucnom and king of Ui-Meith 
for a [long] time, died. — Another hosting* by Ua Lochlainn 



Cathal, son of Geoffrey, is told in the 
next entry but one. 

^ The way. — Literally, It is [the 
way]. The object waa to em- 



phasize the openness of the route ; 
no opposition being dreaded. 

^ Another hosting. — The first is 
mentioned in the third item of this 
K 2 



140 



aMNccLcc nlccoT\. 



A. 50a 



■oail pep, n-epenn eceji loecu 7 cteip,cui, co hOC€-na- 
■oaifibifii^e, CO fiogaB a m-biaaiI'De uili. If -Do'n cu|i fin 
fOfaefaic cealla CoUiim-ciUe 1 ITlixie 7 1 taisniu la 
comaf ba Coluim-ciUe, iTDon, la piai^bef^ac hUa Ofol- 
ca[i]n 7 cuca-D -do a cam 7 a ftnacc, uaif fob-oaji T)oefa 
feimefin. 

fCal. Ian. 11. f., I. xii., ffnno T)oniini 171." c.° lx.° n." 
©fffcafDUg na 1:0151 uempluiB "Daife -do •oenum la 
comafba Coluim-cille d'oon," "Plaicbefcac") 7 la f.15 
efenn, I'oon, la TTIuifcefcac htia Loclainn; v{> in fOT:6- 
gbaT) occmoga'' caigi, no ni if uilliu. Ocuf oenam caifil 
in eflaif la comayiba Coluim-cille beof 7 mallacc ap 
inci cicfa caifif -oosfef. — Imblec-iBaip. co n-a t;empall 
■DO lofcux». — Senax) cleifec n-Gfenn, im comafba 
pacfaic, iT)on, im ^illa TTIac bac, | mac "Ruaixiiai, ic 
Cloenai)/ iffabacuf^ fe" efpuic ficec," co n-ab[b]a- 
■oaib imTDaiB, ic epail fiagla 7 fobefa. Ocuf if° TDo'n 
cuf fin' focinnfec cleific Gfenn gfatia afX)efptiic 
Gpenn "do comapba Par;ifiaic, amail poboi piam 7 na 
bax) f epleijinT)^ 1 cill 1 n-efinn nec^ acc^ ■oalT^a CCip "d- 
ITlaca. — Slogax) la TYluifcepcac hUa Loclainn co n- 
efiiiof Leiui Cumn co Tyiag-puapua,* co pabacup^ fec^;- 

A.D. 1162. iClae-, A. ^—^uji, B. S—ginm.B. *— -pTOBTiTja, B. a-»i.in. 
t. h., MS. ; om., C. i" .Ixxx., MS. "-".w. — .xoc., A,B. '^-•^ co na n-abaT)ail5 
— withtlieir abbots, A. "om.jA. ' cuifi, B. s-sinnecnabti — the one who should 
not be, B. 



year. As the result of these two 
expeditions, 0' Conor called himself 
Hng of Ireland. 

' Subject. — That is, to assessment 
by the respective temporal lords. 

1162. ^ Centre. — From this account 
it can be inferred that the churches 
of Derry stood in proximity. On 
the removal of the adjacent hoiises, a 
circular wall was built, to mark off 



the space thus acquired as one to 
which the right of asylum attached. 
(Cf. the CoUectio Canonum Hiber- 
nentis, xxvni. De oivitatibus ref ugii; 
XLiv. 2 : De debito termino circa 
omnem locum sanctum . ) The Four 
Masters change churches into church, 
being followed iji the error by Colgan 
iTr. Th., p. 605). 

^ Come over it. — That is, violate the 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



141 



into Meath, into an assembly of the Men of Ireland, both 
laics and clerics, at Ath-na-Dairbrighe, so that he received 
the pledges of them aU. It is on that occasion the churches 
of Colum-cille in Meath and Leinster were freed by the 
successor of Colum-cille, namely, by Flaithbertach TJa 
Brolcha[i]n, and their tribute and jurisdiction were given 
to him, for they were subject^ before that. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 12th of the moon, a.d. 1162. 
Total separation of the houses from the churches of Daire 
was made by the successor of Colum-cille (namely, Flaith- 
bertach) and by the king of Ireland, that is, by Muircer- 
tach XJa Lochlainn ; where were demolished eighty houses, 
or something more. And the stone wall of the Centre^ 
was likewise built by the successor of Colum-cille and 
malediction [pronounced] upon him who should come over 
it^ for ever. — Imblech-ibhair with its church was burned. 
— A Synod of the clergy of Ireland [was held] around the 
successor of Patrick, to wit, around GUla Mac Liach, son of 
Huaidhri, at Cloenad, wherein were six [and] twenty 
bishops, with many abbots, enjoiningrule and good conduct. 
And it is on that occasion the clergy of Ireland assigned^ 
the Orders of archbishop of Ireland to the successor of 
Patrick, as it was before^ and that no one should be 
lector in a church in Ireland, except an alumnus of Ard- 
Macha. — A hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn along 
with very large portion of the Half of Conn to Magh- 
Fitharta, so that they were a week therein, burning the 



[1161] 



[1162] 



place by forcibly entering to carry off 
a refugee. (Cf . the Col. Can. Hib. 
XLiv. 7 ; De violatione templi Dei 
cum septie punienda. Templum 
cum septis signifies a church .sur- 
rounded by enclosures. ) 
^-^ Assigned — before.— That is, it 



was enacted that henceforth no lay- 
man be intruded into the Armagh 
succession. (Cf. A.D. 1129, note 
4, supra.) The deep-rooted abuse 
connected with the primacy was 
thereby formally eliminated. It is 
characteristin of the Four Masters 



142 



ccNMala ulccDli. 



B52b 



Tiain ann ic lofcafi ajalSa 7 baile-o ^ct^T- 'Cucfacuii^ 
imop.po na '^mll maiDm poi^ a map-Cfluag, co fiomaiaB- 
far; yeyefi,^ no mop-pefefi,^ -oiB 7 ni fuap.acu\i^ a ^b\^ 
■Do'n^ cui^ fin. — CCyigain '^aW CCua-cliac la "OiaiamaiT: 
TTlac ■mul^ca^a 7 nejiu mop. vo gabail poppo, amail na 
laoga^ati jieime o cein tnoifi. — Cuaiiac" Ceneoi 1-60501 n 
la comajaba pacjiaic, iT)on, la S'^l-ct TDic Liac, mac 
Ruai'Dfii, "oanac fi^ic inncfamail jieimpi'"- — ^T'-ene, 
epfcop CCm-cliac 7 ap'oefpoc'' Laigen, in Chiaipco 
quieuic. Comapba paupaic do oifi-Dnet)^ lopca[i]n hUi 
■Cuocail, comajiba Coemgin,® 1 n-a inau 

(1Tlael-8ecnaill' hUa Tluaiiic occifUf efc. — OCbbacia 
buelliae hoc anno pun-oaca epc. — CCn copnoniaixi, bUa 
'DuB'Da, occiffUf efc.') 

\Cal. Ian. 111. p., I. acx. 111., CCnno "Oomini im.°c.'' Ix."!!!," 

niael-lpu hUa Lai5ena[i]n, eppcop 7 ab[b] Imbleca^- 

ibaip 7 abb^ Oealai^-conglaip ppi pe, in ChpipT;o 

quieuiT;. — Cepball' htla ^lUa-par^paic, pi T)eipce[i]pT; 

Oppaigi, mopT;u[u]p epc'' — TTIael-lppu hllaCopc[p]a[i]n, 

comapba | Comgaill, cenn cpabaiT) Ulaxi tnle, ax) 

A.D. 1162. ^-^ .ui.tiji., no mop-pepitip., A.; .-ui.tiiT., no niop..tii.up,, B. 
"■DOjA. Scribe forgot to place the contraction mark of n over 0. 'aijaT) — ,B. 
» oi-p.ne-6, A. ^Cmm — , A. ''■''ora., B, C. m n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1163. Mmleca— B. ^ (jb, A — »°om., B, C. 



that they should have passed over 
a National Synodal Decree of such 
importance. 

' Grene. — Called Gregory by 
Ware (Bcs/iops, at Dublin), followed 
by most writers. Lanigan's cor- 
rection of the native annalists (£. 
S. iv. 173)is noteworthy : "In divers 
Irish Annals Gregory's death is 
placed in 1162. But this is a mis- 
take, owing to their having con- 



founded the year of it with that of 
the accession of his successor, St. 
Laurence O'Toole, which was in 
1162"! 

'^ Lorcan Ua Tuathail. — That is, 
St. Laurence O'Toole. For the 
family and territories, see O'Dono- 
van's valuable note{F. M. iii. 515sq.) 
Tuathal, mentioned at 1014 {supra) 
as father of Dunlang, king of 
Leinster, was the eponymous head. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



143 



corn and towns of the Foreigners. The foreigners, however, [1162] 
inflicted defeat upon their horse-host, so that they killed 
six or seven of them and [the Ultonians] got not their 
demand on that occasion. — ^Pillaging of the Foreigners of 
Ath-cliath by Diarmait Mac Murchadha and great sway 
was obtained [by him] over them, such as was not 
obtained before for a long time. — The circuit of Cenel- 
Eogain [was made] by the successor of Patrick, namely, 
by Gilla Mac Liach, son of Ruaidri, to which nothing 
similar [in the amount of donations] was found before it. — 
Grene,^ bishop of Ath-cliath and archbishop of Leinster, 
rested in Christ. The successor of Pati'ick ordained Lorcan 
TJa Tuathail,* successor of [St.] Coemghen, in his stead. 

(Mael-Sechnaill^ TJa Ruairc was slain. — The abbey of 
Boyle was founded this year. — The Defender Ua Dubhda 
was slain.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 23rd of the moon, a.d. [ii63] 
1163. Mael-Isu Ua Laighena[i]n, bishop and abbot of 
Imblech-ibair and abbot of Belach-conglais for a [long] 
time, rested in Christ.^ — Cerball Ua \recte, Mac] Gilla- 
Patraic, king of the South of Ossory, died. — Mael-Issu Ua 
Corc[r]ain, successor of [St.] Comgall,^ head of the piety 
of all Ulster, passed to Christ. — A lime-kiln,^ wherein 



Seventh in descent from Tuathal 
was Muircliertacli, king of the Ui- 
Muridaigh. He had seren sons, 
Lorcan being apparently the eldest. 
His only daughter, Mor, became 
the -wife of Dermot Mac Murrogh, 
King of Leinster (L. L. 337d; 
■where the words missing by erasure 
from the heading of the genealogy 
are Va-Muridaigh). 

^ Jfael-SecfmailL— This entry is 
given in the Four Masters. The 



remaining two entries are found in 
the Annals of £oyle,a.tllGla.nd 1162 
respectively. 

1163. 1 Sestecl in Christ.— In 
Emly, according to the Annals of 
Innisfallen, which omit mention of 
his havingbeen abbot of Baltinglas. 

^Successor of [iSi.] Comgall. — 
That is, abbotof Bangor, 00. Down. 

^ Zime-kiln. — Literally ,^« of lime • 
the contained, by metonymy, for the 
container. Similarly, Cenel (sept), 



144 



ccNMttLa uLcroTi. 



Chpifcum Ttii5|iatiiT;. — Dene-aeil i paeil f efca* T^fiai^e-o 
ap. cac^ lee 'do "oenam la Comaiaba Coluim-cille, iDon, 
la piai^bejiT;ac, mac in epfcuip hUi Opolca[i]n 7 la 
famaT) Coluim-cille, -pp.! pe •picec" laa. 

(Niall,'^ mac muipcepcaig, mic TTlic Loclainn, -do 
SabaillahU-maine.") 

[bip.] Icctl. 1an. 1111. -p., I. 1111., CCnno T)omiTii m." c.° he." iiii-° 
"OoTiTica'D hUa bpiain, eppcop Cille-T)a-l«a, in Chpipco 
quieuic. — Tllaici^ muinneepi la,*" iDon, in pacapt; mop, 

A 50b CCugupcin 7 in pepleijinn (Toon," T)ubpiT)e°) | 7 in ■oipep- 
cac, iT)on TTlac ^^^ba-'DUiC 7 cenn na Ceile-n-T)e, TOon, 
TTlac "Popcellais 7 mai£i muinncepi la apcena vo 
^lOOTain ap cenn comapba Coluim-cille, i-oon, [ph]laic- 
bepcaic hUi bpolcain, -do gabail ab-oaine la a comaipli 
Somapli-D 7 Pep CCep[u]ep-'5ai'Del^ 7 Innpi-'gall, co 
|io[-p]apcaei comapba paupaic 7 pi Gpenn, i-oon, Ua Loc- 
lainn 7 maia Cene[oi]l-6o5ain e. — ^illa-paupaic hUa 
TTlael-TTlena "do ec* — SomapliT>^ TTlac ^ille-CCxiamnain 
7 a mac ■do mapba-o 7 dp ^ep OCepCujep-Sbaexiel^ 7 
Cinncipe 7 pep Innpi-^all 7 gall CCm-clia€ ime. — Olo-o 
'o'CCp'D-Tnaca "do lopcaxi. — Tempull* mop T)aipi^ -do 

3 sac, B. »> .Ix , A, B. '" .xx., A, B. ^-^n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

AD. 1164. 1 earieyi— (the firsts is caudata), MS. (A) ^— lij, B. 'n- 
■SoeroeL, B, ^ — pal?., B. ^ — p,e, B. »■» om., B, C. ^ "Dai|ie was first written ; 
subsequently, each letter was dotted above and below, to signify deletion, MS. 



Clann (clan), Fir (men), Muinnter 
(tribe), I'olul (people), Sil (pro- 
geny), Pi (descendants), used with the 
patronymic, sometimes signify the 
territories, not the inhabitants thereof 
(prout utrumlibet usns aooommo- 
darit, Ogygia, III. Ixxvi. 361). 
Compare Blackfriars, Whitefriars. 

The Four Masters (followed by Col- 
gau, loc. cit.) against A, B and C, say 



the Iciln was 70 feet square. Colgan 
adds that it was built in connection 
with repairing the church of Derry. On 
the same page, unconscious apparently 
of the contradiction, he records the 
building of the new church of that 
city. 

* Niall. — Given in the Annals oj 
Boyle, 

1164:. ^Select, etc. — This incident, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



145 



are sixty feet on every side, was made by the successor of rues] 
Colum-cille, that is, by Flaithbertach, son of the bishop 
Ua Brolchain and by the Commuiiity of Cokim-CLlle in the 
space of twenty days. 

(Niall,* son of Muircertach, son of Mac Lochlainn, was 
taken prisoner by the Ui-Maine.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 4th of the moon, a.d. 1164. [U64Bis.] 
Donnchadh Ua Briain, bishop of Cell-da-lua, rested in 
Christ. — Select^ members of the Community of la, namely, 
the arch-priest, Augustin and the lector (that is, Dubsidhe) 
and the Eremite, Mac Gilla-duib and the Head of the Celi- 
De, namely, Mac Forcellaigh and select members of the 
Community of la besides came on behalf of the Successor of 
Colum-cille, namely, Flaithbertach Ua Brolchain's accept- 
ance of the abbacy of la, by advice of Somharlidh and of the 
Men of Airthir-Gaedhel andof Insi-Gall ; but the successor 
of Patrick and the king of Ireland, that is, UaLochlainn and 
the nobles of Cenel-Eogain prevented him.— Gill a-Patraic 
Ua Mael-Mena died. — Somharlidh^ Mac Gilla-Adhamh- 
nain* and his son were killed and slaughter of the Men of 
Airthir-Gaedhel and of Cenn-tire and of the men of Insi- 
Gall and of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath [took place] around 



so honoarable to Ua Brolchain and 
■without wliich an allusion in his 
obituary notice (infra, 1175) could 
not be understood, is passed over by 
the Four Masters. See the note in 
Adamnan{yA(lT)3.nA the references 
there given. 

2 Somharlidh. — Somerledus itaque, 
rex Ergadiae . . ■ , copioso exer- 
citu et maxima classe de Hibernia 
et aliis diversis locis contracto, apud 
Keinf rieu [on the Clyde] jjraedaturus 
applicuit ; sed . . a paucis pro- 
vincialibus ibidem est occisus. Eor- 



dun, Gest. Annal., iv. (ad. am.) See 
also the extract from the Chronicle 
of Man, quoted in Adamnan, p. 408. 

^ GiUa-Adhamhnain. — Devotee of 
[St.'] Adamnan; (riinth) abbot of 
lona from 679 to 704. Adamnan's 
chief work, the Life of St. Columia, 
has been edited with » wealth of 
illustration by Dr. Reeves. 

* Great church. — Tempul mor ; 
'' from wliieh the city of Derry re- 
ceivea its parochial name of 
Templemore " (Adamnan, p. 408). 



146 



ccMtjala ulccDli. 



■Deniim la comaiaba Coluim-cilte, mon, la piaiubep-rac, 
mac in efpuic hUi Oiaolcain 7 |ia famu'D Coluim[-cille] 
7 laTTluipceiiuac htla toclainn, la" haip,x)i^i5 n-Gfienn. 
Ocuf'' raiiayxnic cloc in cempaill moip "pein T)aipe, 1 
•paeleu noca° ijpaigeT), fji\ fie ce^opcac' laa.* 

(OCtfilaim/ mac ^i^^ccCccimsm tl CheinneiDig, vo 
Tialla'D.^) 

\CaL Ian. ui. f-, I. x. u., CCnno "Domini m." c.° la:.° u." 
■Caipyi-Delbac hUa Ojaiain "do innafiba['D] a 11151^ ITluman 
la a" mac, iT)on, la ITluinceyirac 7 fe fem vo gabail 
1^151^ T)'eif a auafi. — "Oomnall" htla ^i^l^tf-P^^l^^^ic, |ii 
'Cuaifce[i]iaT: On^aigi, 7 Concobup btia bfioigce, pi 
Cinn-caille 7 paicin htla hCCexia, cainneal hUa- 
"Ceinnpelaig uile, -do rhapbaxi -do Tna[c] Cpai€ hUa 
mopxiai 7-00 l^aicif cpia ■opocpara. — Cocaxi eT;ep 'Phipu 
■mixje 7 hUiB-Opium 7 ipin cocaxi pin pomapba'oSicpiuc 
htla Ruaipc la htla Ciapxiai 7 la Caipppi." — Impu'D 
tllaTt Dano" pop Ua^ Loclamn^ 7 cpec leo pop hUiB- 
TTleic, co" pucpac bu imt)a 7 co pomapbpac pocaiX)e* "do 
"DainitS. Cpec -oono leo pop t1i[b]-0pepail oipp£ep7 cpec 
aile pop "Dail-piacai. — Sluaga-D la TlTuipcepoac hUa 
Loclainn, ecep Con all 7 Cogan 7 CCip5iallu,i n-UllcaiB, 
CO poaipspec in T;ip uile, cenmomn ppimcella Ulati 7 

(A) «-"itl., t. h., MS. (A) <iom.,B. » .Ixxxx., MS. (A) f.xU.MS. (A) 
E n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A. D. 1165. 'yiige, B. Mitla, A. ^lac— ,B. a om., A. The la is 
probably=la a — with his. i)-bom.,B, C. " ocup co — and so that,B. dafi 
n-^3^m^m^'oe— slaughter hard to number, B. C. foUowa A. 



^ Ninety. — Mistaking the original, 
the Four Masters (followed by 
Colgan) say eighty. 

^ Amhlaim. — Given (the verb is 
omitted in O'Conor's text) in the 
Annals of Boyle. The Four Masters 
add that the deed was done by 



Toirrdelbach Ua Briaia (Turlough 
O'Brien). The entry is not giyea 
(perhaps intentionally) in the 
Annals of Innisf alien. 

' Gilla-Caimghin. — Devotee of 
[St.'] Kevin (of Glendalough). 

1165. i[J/"flc] Gilla-Patraic— 



ANNULS OF ULSTER. 



147 



him . — Portion of Ard-Macha was bur ned.— The great church 
of* Daire was built by the successor of Colum-cille, that is, 
by Flaithbertach, son of the bishop Ua Brolchain and by 
the Community of Colum-cille and by Muircertach Ua 
Lochlainn, arch-king of Ireland. And the [top] stone of 
that great church, wherein there are ninety^ feet [ia 
length], was completed within the space of forty days. 

(Amhlaim,^ son of Gilla-Caimghin^ Ua Ceinnedig, was 
blinded.) 



[U64] 



Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 15th of the moon, a.d. 
1165. Tairrdelbach Ua Briain was expelled from the king- 
ship of Munster by his son, that is, by Muircertach and he 
[Muircertach] himself took the kingship after his father. — 
Domnall Ua \recte, Mac^] Gilla-Patraic, king of the North of 
Ossory, and Conchobar Ua Broighte, king of Cenn-caille 
and Paitin Ua Aedha, the candle of all Ui-Oeinnselaigh, 
were killed by Ma[c] Craith Ua Mordhai and by the Laichsi 
for evil causes. — -War [took place] between the Men of Meath 
and the Ui-Briuin and it is in that war Sitriuc^ Ua Ruairc 
was killed by Ua Ciardhai and by the Cairpri. — The turn- 
ing of the Ulidians upon Ua Lochlainn [took place] and a 
foray [was made] by them upon the Ui-Meith, so that they 
took away many cows and killed a multitude of persons. 
A foray also [was made] by them upon the eastern Ui- 
Bresail and another foray upon Dal-riatai. — A hosting 
by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, [along with] both [Cenel-] 
Cona[i]irand [Cenel-]Eoga[i]n and the Airgialla, into 
Ulidia, so that they harried all the country, except the 
chief churches of the Ulidians and killed a countless 



[U65J 



So called in the Ossorian list of 
kings (L. L. 41a), which agrees 
with the text in stating that he was 
slain by the Laichsi (the sept that 
inhabited and gave the name to 



Leix, Queen's Co.) 

^ Sitriuc. — The Four Masters make 
this portion a distinct item, and omit 
the connection between the war and 
the death of Sitriuc. 



148 



aMNoclcc nlccoh. 



A50o 



B 52o 



CO yiomaiabfcn:; dfi n-Diaifimi'De* "oib, im ecmapcac, mac 
ITlic 5illa-efpuic 7 im hUa" | Lomanais 7C0 laoinnafib- 
■pac Gocaif) ID ac T)uinnfleil3e a hUllcaiB 7 co^ n-T)aiaait;^ 
hUa toclainn iiige -do T)un[ri]fleiBe 7 co n-'oaiaT^fat;® 
Ula[i]-D uibe a n-geill 'D'tl[a] Loclainn cpm nejic 1^l5e. — 
"Diaiamait; TTlac OCiaua[i]ti, coifec Clainne-po5ap,cai5, 
enec7 esnurri liUa-n-Gcacuile, TnopT;uuf epc. — 'Cocufcal 
Saxaii 7 '^all, CCua-cbau la mac na pep,ifi "do gabail, 
•popBaip po]fi Op-eT^naiB 7 laobacayi uile |\e lae leicbliaxina 
ic' a^ rojail 7 nifi pecfar;. Gc peueyifi •punc fine pace 
jieui^o. — iriaet-Coluim Cennmofv, mac eanfiic, aptJiii 
CClbati, iti cpifcaixie af ipep]fi 'do bai ■do ^aitjelaiB^ lie 
muip, anaip, ap, "oeific 7' ainec 7' cpabiTD, 'do ec — 
'Cfiallai'D'' eocaiTi -do pi'Difi p^i Ulav vo jaBail, co 
po-Dicuiivfeu Ula[i]'D he, afi huamon IrUi Loclainn 7 co 
laogeimliseTi he la "Donnca'o hUa Ceyibaill, la haip.T)iii§ 
CCifgiall, upe -poyiconsfia hUi Loclamn. — Sluo^ax) aile 
la TTluiiicepcac hUaiocLainn coCeniul-e-ogam cohlmf- 
Lacam, | co poloifcec in im^pi 7 co laufmuppac 7 co cuc- 
'paT;llla[i]'D uileam-bfiai^ci ■D'tl[ap loclainn. 'Cecaiciap- 
■pm" Cenel-n-Go5ain im hUa^ Loclainn -oia cigiB, co cop- 
cuiamoia 7 colongaiB imT)aiB leo 7 co peuaiB imT)aiB ayi- 
cena. CCffeifiehUa Loclamn •o'CCia'o-maca. 1^100 lapfein 
"Oonnca-o hUa Cefbaill, aii^-Dpii Cripsiall 7 eocaixi TTlac 
^ — till, B. *'^ CO n-'DOiacn;, A. " cal^•opc^;, B. '-' ca (aphaeresis ofi),A. 
^'gVioe'Deal— ,B. ^0, A. — « om., A ; given in C. ' a-p,— /or, B. s ■on 
TiUa, B. '^ laifium — ajterwards, B. 



^ Mac Duinnsleibhe. — (Mao Dun- 
levy.) The Donnsleibhe from 
•whom the family name tool!: its 
origin waa slain in 1091, supra. 
Eoohaid mentioned in the text 
aooording to the Ulidian regnal list 
(L. L. 41d), was son of Conchobur, 
son of Cu-Ulad Ua Plathrai (killed 
1072, supra). 

^ Donnshibhe. — There can be little 



doubt that he was the same as the 
Donnsleibhe mentioned in the second 
entry of the foUowiag year. The 
Four Masters omit this portion. 

^ For the space of half a year. — 
" Half a yeare bickering and bat- 
tering and yet could not prevayle,'' 
C. Brut y Tywysogion states (ad ari). 
that the king remained many days in 
camp at Caerleon, until ships from 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



149 



number of thetu, including Echmarcach, son of Mac 
GiUa-espuic and including Ua Lomanaigh and they 
expelled Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe^ [Ua Eocliadha] 
from Ulidia, And Ua LochlaiDn gave the kingship 
to Donnsleibhe [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha] and 
all the Ulidians gave their pledges to Ua Lochlainn, 
through the might of his regal power.— Diarmait Mac 
Artain, chief of Clann-Fogartaigh, hospitality and benefac- 
tion of aU Ui-Echach, died.— An expedition of the Saxons 
and of the Eoreigners of Ath-cliath [set out] with the 
son of the Empress, to subjugate the JBritons and they 
were all for the space of half a year^ attacking them and 
they availed not. And they returned without peace back- 
wards. — Mael-Coluim Great-head, son of Henry, arch-king 
of Scotland, the best Christian that was of the Gaidhil [who 
dwell] by the sea on the east for almsdeeds, hospitality and 
piety, died. — Eochaidh [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha] 
again attempts to obtain the kingship of Ulidia; but 
the Ulidians expelled him through fear of Ua Lochlainn 
and he was fettered by Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, 
arch-king of AirgiaUa, by order of Ua Lochlainn. — 
Another hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn along 
with the Cenel-Eogain to Inis-lachain,'' so that they ' 
burned the Island [Inis-lachain] and razed it. And all 
Ulidia gave their pledges to Ua Lochlainn. After that, 
the Cenel-Eogain around Ua Lochlainn come to their 
houses with great triumph and with many ships and 
numerous treasures beside. Erom here Ua Lochlainn 
[goes] to Ard-Macha. After that, Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, 
arch-king of Airgialla and Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe 



[1165] 



Dublin and other cities in Ireland 
came to him. Finding these forces 
insufficient, he gave them presents 
and dismissed them; himself and 
his army returning to England. 



^Inis-lachain. — Duch-island : Inis- 
loughan, co. Antrim. See the de- 
scription by Fynes Moryson, quoted 
in O'Donovan (F. M., ii. 1154). 



150 



ccMMala uloroti. 



"DuiniifleiBe i conrDail htli Loclmnn, tio cuinnciT) |ii§i 
"DoTTlac T)uinnflei15e, co n-'Da)aaic^*'1itlal,oclainn uileTDO 
TTlac T)iiinnflei15e cap.^^ cenn^giall tlla'a uile : co n- 
rayiaiT:^^ ITlac "DiunnfleiBe mac cec coifig "o'tllltiaiB^^ 7 
aiTisin pein 1^* m-bfiaigcecuf vO Loclmnn. Ocuf 7;ucua 
feoic inroa tio, im claiT>iti15 mic iitd 1ap.la 7 co Ti-T)opac 
Oaiiace "do^^ liUa-'^ Loclainn ; co^® n-'oafiaic^'' hUa toc- 
Lainn "do^^ hUa^^ Cei^baill e- Ocof cuco'd 'oono baile "do 
cleiiaciB Sobaill, cpiafiau p.151 htli toclainn. 

CDorhnalU TTlac ^ilb-paofiaic, 111 Of paigi ; TTlasnUf 
hUa Can an nan, fii Cemeoil-Conailb ; 75illa-Cp,ifT)h'Ua 
Tnail-bfienain-D, T;aifec Clamni-ConcobuiiT,, 7 ina[c]- 
Cfai^ hUa Concobmp, yii Ciapfaixie-Liiaciia, mopctii 
func.') 

jCal. 1an. uii.TP-.l. xcc. m., CCnno TDommi TTl ." c.° loc.° ui.° 
'Domnal.l'' TTlac 5'l-^6"^ocolnio[i]c t)0 mafibaxi do 
A sod Laigmb I pem. — Cucuac TTlac ^illi-efpuic vo mapbax) 
T)0 T)un[n]flei15e, mac mic Goca'oa.'' — CCe'o hUa TTlael- 
paBaill, pi Caippce-OpacaiTie, vo mapbaxi la TTIuipcep- 
rac htia Loclamn pep 'oolum. — CCpn-TTl aca do lopcaD 

"n-'DO-p.ac, B. ll-'l■Dal^5-cenn, A. '^— caiacarc, A. '^■oo t1 — , B. "a,A. 
i5-WT30=7)0 0, A. isi6|;o cayimc, B. ii n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1166. ='-a om., B, C. 



^ Sword. — O'DoQovan (p. 1155) 
says this was evidently won by 
Mac Duinnsleibe from the Danes of 
the Hebrides. But he gives no 
authority for the statement. 

^ Domnall, etc. — Given in the 
Annals of Boyle. The first is a replica 
of the initial item in the second entry 
of this year. The Annals of Boyle, 
in agreement with the original 
text, state that he was slain. 



" K'mci of Ciarraidhe Luachra. — 
Lord (tighemd) of Ciarraighe- 
l^uncbra, Four Masters. O' Donovan, 
by an oversight, has " lord of Con- 
chobhair" (ii. p. 1156). 

The Annals of Boyle, according 
to 0' Conors text, have: Gilla- 
Criat TJ[a] Mail-Brenaind and 
Mfac] Graith Ua Conchubur 
Chiarraigi (O'Gonor Kerry) die. 

Mail-Brenaind s\gD.i?i.ea devotee of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



151 



[Ua Eochadha] come into the presence of Ua Lochlainn, [iies] 
to ask for the kingship for [Eochaidh] Mac Duinnsleibhe, 
so that Ua Lochlainn gave the entire [kingship] to Mac 
Duinnsleibhe, in return for the pledges of all Ulidia. So 
that Mac Duinnsleibhe gave the son of every chief of 
Ulidia and his own daughter in pledge to O'Lochlainn. 
j^nd there were given to him [Ua Lochlainn] many- 
treasures, including the sword' of the son of the Earl and 
he [Mac Duinnsleibhe] gave Bairche to Ua Lochlainn 
[and] Ua Lochlainn gave it to [Donnchadh] Ua Cerbaill. 
And, moreover, there was given a townland to the clergy 
of Sahall, by reason of the prosperity of the reign of Ua 
Lochlainn. 

(Domnall^ Mac Gilla-Patraic, king of Ossory ; Maghnus 
Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill and Gilla-Crisd Ua 
Mael-Brenaind, chief of Clann-Conchobuir and Ma[c] 
Craith Ua Concobuir, king of Ciarraide-Luachra,* died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 2 6th of the moon, a.d. [1166] 
1166. DomnalP Mac Gilla-Mocholmoic was killed by 
the Lagenians themselves, — Cucuach Mac Grilla-espuic 
was killed by Donnsleibhe, grandson of Eochaidh^ [Ua 
Eochadha]. — Aedh Ua Maelfabhaill, king of Carraic- 
Bracaidhe, was killed by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn in 
treachery.- — Ard-Macha was burned the day of the feast of 
[St.] Senan^ and Wednesday in the incidence* of the day of 



(Sf.) Brenann (of Clonfert, county 
Gal-way). 

1166. ^ Domnall. — His name is the 
last in the genealogy (L. L. 337(i) 
of the tings of the Ui-Dunchadha 
(a sept that inhabited the portion 
of DubUn county through which 
flo-ffs the Dodder). He -w&a fourth 
in descent from the eponymous 
head, Gilla-Mocholmoic [devotee of 
St. Mocholmoc — my young Colum — 



of Terryglas, oo. Tipperary, whose 
feast was Dec. 13). In the pedi- 
gree given by O'Donoyau [F. M. 
ii. 816), insert "sou of Cellaoh" 
(L. L. loc. cit.) before " son of 
Dunchadh." 

^ JSochaidh. — DiedlOSl, supra. 

^Senan. — Of any of the known 
saints ot this name, no feast fell on 
Wednesday, May 11, in this year. 
Senan may perhaps be a scribal 



152 



aw N alec ulaT)!!. 



B 52d 



la peile 8eria[i]n 7"" Cecain afi ai laici feccmaine 7 
occmaxi'' ucrca'Da|iai aeffaefci": i-Don.ocfioif CVioluim- 
cilLe, na tdi f|ieic co cfioif efpuic eosccin 7 o 
cyioif efpuic 6050111 in ■D-ai^a fyieiu co cit-oiy* t>o- 
lauif Raca 7 in Uaic tiile co n-a T^emplailJ, — 
cenmoTO fieclef poil 7 pecai|i 7 uaiui ■do caigiB ayicena — • 
7 fpeiu pfii Raic ani'aiT,, — loon, T:a cjioif SecnailL co 
cjiofa bingci, accma'D becc — Cenannuf 7 t-u^mctg^ 7 
1niY-cain-"0e5a 7 celta inroa aile cfiemaca[G] ftinc. — 
6c T)aifie Coluim-cille ex maiop-e papce ci^emaca epr; 
7 in ■Dubpeiclef xio lofcaxi : quoT) non auT)icum efc ab 
anciquip cempojaibuf. — Ocup CCiiT)T)-mb6 vo bofca'D o 
■Ruai-Dfii, mac TTlic^ Canai 7 mac ^'lle'^uiT^© ^^i 
TTlonpai' 7 o C|ioc|iai5i15. — 6ocai^ TTlac T)uinnfbei15e "oo 
T>allaT> la Tnuiyiceiacac hUa Loclamn, caifi flanacuf 
Comafiba pacpaic 7 bacla IpfU 7 "Oonnca'Da hUi 
Cef\baill, i-oon, aiiaT)jxi CCifigmll. — Sluagaxi la 'Rtiaixii^i 
hUa Concobai|i 1 TTIiTie, co ifiogaiB bpaigci X^e\i TTli'xie. 
CCffi-oe co hCCc-cliar, co tiojaiB bp-aigui gall 7 TTlic 
ITluiT.ca'Da 7 Laigen uile. CCfp'oe co T)pocac-aca T)0cum 
OCilxpall, cocainig'Donncaxi hllaCep-baill, pi CCii^siall, 
1 n-a cec 7 co cap|ac b]iai5ci t)6 7 co n-'oecai'D flan 
lap, fin T)ia C15, lap n-mnafba['D] "Diapmaca TTlic TTluf- 
caxia, nig Laigen, T)ap rnuip. — SluajaTi laT)onncaTi hlla 



-buTi, A. =)c, A. 3 lYi Q^nfj, (^by metathesis) B. '' .tiiii., MS. (A) 



error for Senach (of Looh Erne), 
■whose festiTal corresponded with 
the textual solar and lunar criteria. 
The saint's name and the data 
relative to the day are all omitted 
by the Four Masters. 

^ In the incidence. — Literally, on 
the unit {particular day). 

^Bishop Eogan. — Patron of Ard- 
straw (Ard-sratha), oo. Tyrone. He 



is probably the son of Ere whom 
Tirechan mentions as consecrated 
by St. Patrick. Et venit in Ardd- 
sratho et Mace Eroae episcopum 
ordiuavit (Boot of Armagh, fol, 
15b). 

^ SechnaU.—See A. D. 419, note 
1 ; A.D. 447, note 3, supra. 

''Blinded. — The same is stated in 
the Ulidian regnal list (L. L. 4^^! j 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 153 

th.e week and the 8tli lunar day in the incidence* of the age [uee 
of the moon : that is, from the Cross of Colum-cille, the 
two streets to the Cross of Bishop Eogan^ and from the 
Cross of Bishop Eogan one of the two streets, up to the 
Cross of the door of the Close and all the Close with its 
churches — except the monasteryof [SS.JPaul and Peter and 
a few of the houses besides— and a street towards the Close 
to the west, — namely, from the Cross of [St.] SechnalP to 
the Crosses of [St.] Brigit [was burned], except a little. — 
Cenannus and Lughmagh and Inis-caia of [St.] Daig and 
many other churches were burned. — Daire of Colum-cille 
was burned for the greater part and the Penitentiary was 
burned, — a thing unheard of from ancient times. — And 
Ard-bo was burned by Ruaidhri, son of Mac Canai and by 
the son of Gilla-Muire Ua Monrai and by the Crotraighi. 
— ^Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [TJa Eochadha] wasbHnded'^ 
by Muircertach TJa Lochlainn, in violation of the pro- 
tection of the successor of Patrick and of the StafE of Jesus 
and of Donnchadh TJa Cerbaill, namely, the arch-king of 
Airgialla. — A hosting by Ruaidhri Ua Concobair into 
Meath, so that he received the pledges of the Men of 
Meath. From this, [he marches] to Ath-cliath, so that 
he received the pledges of the Foreigners and of Mac 
Murchadha and of all Leinster. From this, to Drochait- 
atha, to the Airgialla, so that Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, king 
of Airgialla, came into his house and gave pledges to him. 
And he went safe to his house after that, after expelling^ 
Diarmait Mac Murchadha, king of Leinster, over sea. — 
A hosting by Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, with the Airghialla 



aooording to whioh Eoohaidh (hav- 
ing become incapacitated to reign) 
was succeeded by his brother, 
Maghnua. 

^MxpelUng. — The date of Mac 
Murrough's expulsion is fixed by a 



contemporaneous marginal note in 
the Book of Leinster (275, marg. 
sup. 

[CC] Tntii|n, 1-p moil in sunn 
'DOiaiiigne'D i n-hOimro iiroiu 
(TOon, [i] l^alainn CCusuiy-c) 
L 



154 



ccMMalcc tilat)li. 



A5la 



Cei^bmll CO n-OCifijiallaiB 7 co n-tli[b]-biaiuin 7 Con- 
maicniB hi "Ciia-n-eosain 'o'lTinfaigi'o hUi LocLainn ufiia 
epail Cenioil-Gogain^ i:eiTi, aja cixeca-o -ooiB hUi" Loc- 
lainn, aiiiT)fii§ Giaenn. Cocdimcfim co ■Dfieim uaca'S vo 
Ceneol-eosain 'Cail.ca-o[i]5 vo cabaipu ammuif poififiu 1 
Pix>-0-n-eccac. Ocuf cit) ictcpxie, t)ot;fieicfic eifim. Co 
T:op.caiiT, anti TTluipceyicac (mac" NeilU) hUa Laclainn, 
aiiT.T)p,i5 Gfienn, 7 i^ob' e OCugUfT: lapmiyv 'Cuaiipce[i]p.t; 
eofipa uile, ap egnatti 7 gaifcexi. Ocuf p,ortiaiT,ba-o 
uamx) "DO Cenel-eojain ann, i-oon, cjii pifi -oec- TTliifi- 
bail Tnoyi7 pii^T: atriiaa 'DOiaisne'D antifin : I'Don, pi Gfienn 
"DO ruiuim cen cac, cen cliocaxi, lap. fapusu'D "do Com- 
apba pacpaic 7 baclu IfU 7 Comapba Coluinn-ciUe 7 
Sofcela[i] TTlaiicaiii 7 cleipec imtia aile. Ruca'D cpa a 
copp CO hCC|ix)-Tnaca 7 yiohaxinacc ariD, T;aifi f apu^u-D 
Comapba | Coluim-cille co n-a famu'D 7 pocpaifc 
buTiein Colum-cille ime 7 T;oipec macleiginT)'^ "Oaipe im 
a byieiu "dV peilic. — "Oiapmait; TYlac TnuficaTia, roipec 
'muinnT;epi-biian, a fuif ppacpibuf mceppeccuf [eft:]. 
— Sluasaxi la Roaixipi htia Concobaifi 7 la TTisepnan 
hlla "Ruaiiac co bep-puai'D, co cangacuyi Cenel-Conaill 
1° n-a vec," co cafrofac a Tn-bpaigci vo hUa' Concobaipf, 
CO capac" occ picciu bo •doiB, 1 n-ecmaip oip 7 ecaig. 

5 Cenel-n-e-o— .A. ^O, A. ='— inn, A. "cajiT), B.— "-=itl., t.h., A; om.T 
B, C. * T)i — to, B ; with -which C agrees. «■» 1 cec tiUi Clioncobailfi,— znio 
the house of Ua Cnnchobair, B. C is in agreement. " om., B, C. The tjo 
•which precedes hUa in the text is consequently, according to B andC, to be 
translated to him (Ila Conchobair) ; not, to (Ua Conchobair). 



TOon, "Oiaifimair:, mac 'Don'oc[aTi]a 
IDicTntiificaTja, yi\ Logen 7 'gaU, 
-DO innap,ba[T)] tio IPhetiaib h&iT.en'D 
■Da^^ muiix. Uc ! Uc ! a Choim-Diu, 
cro T)05en f 

[O] Mary, great is the deed that 
has been done in Ireland to-day 



(namely, [on Monday] the Kalends 
[1st] of August) : to wit, Diarmait, 
son of Dondchadh Mac Murchadha, 
king of the Lagenians and Foreig- 
ners, to be expelled by the Men of 
Ireland. Alas ! alas ! G-od, what 
shallldo? 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 155 

and with the TJi-Briuin and the Conmaicni, into Tir-Eogain, [nee] 
to attack TJa Lochlainn, by direction of the Oenel-Eogain 
themselves, in consequence of TJa Lochlainn, arch-king of 
Ireland, being abandoned by them. So that [TJa Loch- 
lainn] came, with a small party of the CenelEogain of 
, Telach-og, to deliver an assault upon them at Fidh-O-n- 
Echtach. And even those very men, tbey abandoned him. 
So there fell in that place Muircertach (son of Niall) TJa 
Lachlainn, arch-king of Ireland. And he was the 
Augustus of all the North-West of Europe for valour and 
championship. And a few of Cenel-Eogain were killed 
there, namely, thirteen men. A great marvel and won- 
derful deed was done then : to wit, the king of Ireland to 
fall without battle, without contest, after his dishonouring 
the successor of Patrick and the Staff of Jesus and the 
successor of Colum-cille and the GospeP of Martin and 
many clergy besides [by blinding Mac Duiunsleibhe TJa 
Eochadha]. Howbeit, his body was carried to Ard- 
Macha and buried there, in dishonour of the successor 
of Colum-cille with his Community and Colum-cill& 
him self 1" and the head of the students of Daire 
fasted^" regarding it, — for his being carried to [Christian] 
burial.ii — Diarmait Mac Murchadha, chief of Muinnter- 
Birn, was slain by his kinsmen. — A hosting by Ruaidhri 
TJa Conchobair and by Tigernan TJa Ruairc to Ess- 
ruadh, so that the Cenel-Conaill came into his house 
[and] gave their pledges to TJa Conchobair [and] he gave 
them eight score cows, besides gold and clothing. 



' Gospelof Martin. — Traditionally 
believed to have belonged to St. 
Martin of Tours. (Adamnan, p. 
324, sq.) 

1" Himself fasted. —That is, in the 
person of his successor, the abbot 



of Derry. 0. has : " Kolum KiUe 
himself fasted ; " not, " the Coarb 
of ColumKille," etc., as O'Dono- 
van (F. M. ii. 1161) reads. 

1' To burial.— lAterallj, to his 
burial, 

l2 



156 



ccNNalcc nlaroK 



BS3a 



(SluaigeT)^ la nuaix>rii hUa Concobaiifi 7 la "Oiafimaic 
hUa mail-[8h]eclainn 7 la 7:1561111 an liUa Ruaific 
illaignitl, 1 n-OffiaigiB, hi TTlumain, co rianga-ouifi 
|ii5pai'& teci Tnogauile hi t;ecRuaiT>fii hUi Concobaifi, 
CO |iotii5fac he. — ^illa 171 ac CCiblen, comaifiba 
byienainx) Cluana-peaifi-ca, quieuic.^ — 'Coiifiifi'Delbac'' hUa 
byiiain fiegnauit; luepum, CCnno "Oomim 1166.'' — 'No/ co- 
maT) a^i in jcalainn fi cif cic mapbaxi ITluiificefiT^ail.') 

]Cal. 1an. 1. ip., I. un., CCnno T)omini ITl." c." Ix." uii." 
THtiiiicep.T;ac, mac Losmain'o^ hUi "Duib-oifima, lai 
■pop-D^oma, <:tii|i aiiiecaif 'Cuaifce[i]iT,c Gifienn uile,^ t)0 
maiibax) 1 meBail la T)onnca'D htlaT)tnbT)ipnna 7lafin^ 
bpecaij* pop. laii 1Tlui5i-bile 7 va mac to "oo mapbaxi 
ap, namdp,ac 7 mac "do 'Salluxi. — Sluo^a-o la RuaiTipi 
hUa Concobaifi co maiciB Bpenn uime co hCCpD-TTlaca. 
CCppiTje CO belac-gpene 7 api-be co pepnac-na-mebla 7 
CO p.OT;inolpac Cenel-n -60501 n im Miall TTIac Loclainn | 
gyimne cam, •do cabaipu ammaip longpuipi; pop jTepaiB 
epenn. Rocaip,mefc qia "Di'a pein, cpia bennaccain 
Pacpaic 7 cpia |iac Ruaixipi hUi Concobaip 7 pep, n- 
Gpenn apcena, co iioiaxipat; Cenel-n-eogain im muine 
pailec ippici; na pluag, co n-'oecaiTi cac 1 n-dp a ceile 
annpm, uenmomc 'Dome "do maiaba'D. Co ftocfiiallpaT) 
na pluaig lap. pin im hUa^ Concobaip.^ t)uI^ "do mnifie'D 7 
lopcu-5 Tlipe-eosain, co cansa'Dupi "opem -do Chenel- 

e-en. t. h., A; m., B, C. n-h 50d, f. m., u.t. h., A; om., B, C. i' 50d, 
r. m., opposite the Sluoja'D entry, t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A.D, 1167. ^laiimmm, B. 2--b, B. siapati, B. *tn-b— , B. « q C- 
— ^buitv A. "'Dol, B. 



1^ A Iwsting, etc, — Found in sub- 
stance in the Annals oj Boyle. 

13 Gilla Mac Aiblen, etc. — G-iven 
also in the Four Masters. The 
Annals of Innisfallen add the sui- 
name, Ua Amnchadha and omit the 



place. The patronymic (see 1099, 
note 1, supra) leaves little doubt 
that the see in question was Ard- 
f ert, not Clonf ert. 

" Toirrdelbach, etc. — This item is 
contained in the Annals of Boyle. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



157 



(A hostingi^ by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair and by Diar- [1166] 
mait Ua Mail[-Sh]echlamii and by Tigernan Ua Ruairc 
into Leinster, [and] into Ossory [and] into Munster, so 
that the kings of all the Half of Mogh came into the 
house of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair [and] made him [arch-] 
king. — Grilla Ma[i]c Aiblen^^ successor of [St.] Brenand of 
Cluain-f carta, rested. — Toirrdelbach^* [Ua Briain] reigned 
again, a.d. 1166. — Or it may be on this year below [next 
year] the killing of Muircertach [Ua Lochlainn] occurs.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 7th of the moon, a.d. [1167] 
1167. Muircertach, son of Lagmand Ua Duibhdirma, 
king of Fordruim, tower of principality of all the North 
of Ireland, was killed in treachery by Donnchadh Ua 
Duibdirma and by the Bretach in the centre of Magh- 
bile and two sons of his were killed on the morrow and a 
son was blinded. — A hosting by Ruaidhri Ua Concobair 
with the nobles of Ireland about him to Ard-Macha. 
From this [they marched] to Belach-grene and from this 
to Fernach-na-mebhla, until the Cenel-Eogain collected a 
fighting force around Niall Mac Lochlainn, to deliver a 
camp attack upon the men of Ireland. Howbeit, God 
prevented that, through the benediction of Patrick and 
through the felicity of Ruaidhri Ua Concobair and of the 
Men of Ireland likewise. For \lit., so that] the Cenel- 
Eogain closed around a sallow brake that appeared like^ the 
[opposing] forces, so that each [of them] proceeded to 
slaughter the other there, except that persons were not 
killed. So the hosts after that proceeded under Ua 
Conchobair to go to pillage and burn Tir-Eogain, until some 



1167. ^ Ih.at appeared like. — Lite- 
rally, ire the appearance (of). The 
translator of C. mistook the mean- 
ing : " Por Kindred Owen strayed 



into a grove of willowes and, 
thinking it was the camp, fell upon 
it and killed some of themselves." 



158 



aMNttla uLoroli. 



Gogain 1 n-a cec 7 co n-x)a)iT)fat; bp-aigci -do -]'"■ co ti- 
"oeccrcaii laj^ fin, a|i put; pefi-TTlanac 7 -do eff-|iuai'D, 
iTtiflan "Dia x,\% — Tnael-Tnicel" TTlac T)oiueca[i]n 
uafalfacafiT: 7 petileismii 1 n-CC|iT)-1Tlaca, f uam oicam 
pebcicep. piTiitiic.'' — TTIuiifieTiac TTlac Canai -do fina)aba-D 
"DO macaiB TTleic Loclmnn 1 n-einec pacfiaic 7 baclu 
IfU, lafi n-a ep-ail tiia b|iaicifii6 pein. 

(Uacu'' hUa ConcenamT), |ii hUa-n-'Diapmaca, in 
clefi[i]cacu moifiicuifi. — "Oiajp-main TTlac TTlupca'&a -do 
^uiTiecc x,fs^ niui|i in blia-oain fi. — 'Coiiip-Delbac hUa 
biaiain 7)0 eg in bba'oain fi.°) 

jcal. 1an. 11. p., I. x. uin., OCnno "Domini TTI." c.° bc.° tun." 
TTIuiyvceprac, mac 'Coiyip'DeLbaig hUi bfiiain, fii T)aiU- 
A5lb Caif, t)0 mafiba'D ic Dun-na- | -pciax) t)o mac TTluificaxia 
TTlic Capcaij, fii T)ef-TTluman. Tloma^ba'D po ceuoii\ 
macmic ConcoBaiyi 1^ n-a^ "Digailla 'DiafimaicpinT)7 la 
hUa'Paela[i]n 7 pecc" meic yx^ co n-a muinnT;e|iai6.^ — ■ 
piannacan hUa T)ufeaic, epfcop na "Cua-c (Sil-'' 
TTluip.e'oas''), pui ecnai 7 pencaif laitcaip. Gpenn 
uile, 1 Cungu ic ailicpi moft;u[u]f epi:. — Sluaga-o 
la TluaiTiifii hUa Concobuifi co hCCu-luain, co cdinic 
Ua ^illa-pacfaic, fii Ofpaigi 1 n-a uec* 7 co 
ca|iaic ceicfii" bpaigci t)0 annpem* 7 |iopleic a fluagu 
|ieime ■Dayi OCc-cinoca ifin TTlumain 7 fe pein 'oaifi CCc- 
luain 1 TTlos-tena 1 conne 12011 n-Bfienn : co tiangaDUii. 

"om., B. C follows A. *•> om., B, C. "-"n. t. Ii.,A; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1168. iT)al, B. 2-2nci(aphaeresisofa), B. "ceg, A. "amti— ,A. 
a .UII., A, B. "itl., t. h., A; om., B, C. = .1111,, A, B. 



''■In reparation, etc. — This portion 
is omitted by the ITour Masters. 
The offence is not stated in any 
authority accessible to me. For 
the vendetta, see the first item of 
1170. 



3 A cleric. — In Clonmaonoise 
aooording to the J?our Masters, -who 
give the three items. The second 
is found in the Annals of Innisf alien; 
the third, in the Annals of Boyle. 

* From over sea. — According to 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



159 



of the Oenel-Eogain came into his house and gave hostages [ng?] 
to him. And they went after that, through the length of 
Fir-Manach and to Ess-ruadh, safe to their home[s]. — Mael- 
Miohel Mac Doithechain, eminent priest and lector in 
Ard-Macha, felicitously finished his life. — Muiredhach 
Mac Canai was killed by the sons of Mac Lochlainn in 
reparation^ to Patrick and the Staff of Jesus, by direction 
of his own kinsmen. 

(Uatu Ua Conchenaind, king of Ui-Diarmata, dies 
a cleric.^ — Diarmait Mac Murchadha came from over sea* 
this year.— ^oirrdelbach^ Ua Briain died this year.) 

Xalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 18th of the moon, a.d. [il68Bis.] 
1168. Muircertach, son of Toirrdelbach Ua Briain, king 
of Dal-Oais, was killed at Dun-na-sciath by the son^ of 
Murchadh Mac Carthaigh, king of Desmond. The grandson 
of Conchobar [Ua Briain] was killed immediately in revenge 
of him by Diarmait the Fair and by Ua Faelain and seven 
sons of kings with their retinues [were killed]. — Flan- 
nacanUaDubhtaich, bishop of the Tuatha (Sil-Muiredaigh) 
[Elphin], the master of wisdom and history in [lit., of] all 
the West of Ireland, died in pilgrimage at Cunga. — A 
hosting by Euaidhri Ua Concobuir to Ath-luain, so that 
Ua [recte, Mac] Gfilla-Patraic, king of Ossory, came into 
his house and gave four hostages to him on the occasion. 
And he sent his hosts forward, past Ath-crodha, into 
Munster and himself [went] past Ath-luain into Magh- 



Giraldus Cambrensis (Exp. Sib. 
I. 2), he had gone to Henry II. 
(who waa in Aquitane) and pro- 
cured letters patent in his favour. 
He then returned to England, 
obtained promises of aid from 
Robert Fitz Stephen and Maurice 
Fitz Gerald, sailed from Bristol 
about August 1, and spent the 
winter in concealment at Ferns. 



^ Toirrdelbach. — In the Annals of 
Boyle he is called king of the ITalf 
of Mogh (the southern moiety of 
Ireland). 

1168. '^Sm of Murchadh Mac 
Carthaigh. — This (which is likewise 
the reading of C. ) must be an error. 
The Annals of Innisfatten, an 
authority not likely to err on a 
matter of the kind, state that the 



160 



ccMNaLcc uLccdTi. 



CO 5lieiii-cliac, co cdinic ITlac Caficai^ i n-a cec 7 co 
rajiaiu noi'^ m-biiaigci v6 annfein" 7 co |xofioiTine'D in 
TTlunia 1 r\-x>6 ecep,macCoiam 01071)011111011111105111^11 
7 CO |iucaT( Tia piciT;'^ "oec bo po cjii,! n-aineclann inui|i- 
ce|iT:aic Titli Oiiiain, po]^ 'Dep-ITluniain. Co fioimpai 
htla Concobmii v^a ci§. — "Donncaxi htla Cefibaill, 
aiyi-Difii^ CCip-giall, X)0 letifia'D -oo cuaig giUai [-p]yiiuolrfia 
"DO 'pem, 17)011, Ua T)uibne vo Cemul^-eojaiTi 7 111 V■^ pop 
mefca 7 a ec "oe. 

(nriaiDTTi^ CCm-in-comaiiT, pop CCpt; hUaTTlail-Sliec- 
lainii 7popCCiiaciuiaTni'De. T)iap,maictl maib-Seclainn 
7 1a[|i]cap miTie tiicco|ief pueptinc. — In gilla leic-Defig, 
i-Don, hUa Concobaip Coficumpua-D, occipup epc-O 

B63b |caL1an.iiii.''p.,l. ccocix", OCnnoTtoTnim m." c.°lx.°ix.'' 
"Oamliac CiaTina[i]ii -oo lopcaxi. — "Oiaifinfiair; TiUa TTlael- 
Seclainn, pi TTli'De, vo mapba-o vo mac a bpamp, i-oon, 
■DO T)oniiiall bpegac 7 -do "Donnca-D Cemnpelac hUa 
Ceallaig. — Ipin blia'oaiTi cecna ■oopau Ruai'opi hUa 
Concobaip, pi Gpenii, "oeic tn-bu ceca^ blia'OTia uo'd pein 
7 o cac^ pig 1 n-a 'Degai'D co bporc vo pepteisinn CCipD- 
TTlaca, 1 n-onoip pcrcpaic, ap leismn vo TienaTii vo 
macaiBleisinnepenii 7 CClban. 



A. ^ — ^1115, A. ^ — neol, A. 



, A, B. ■= om., A, C. f .xx.1t:., A, B • 



ss n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1169. 1 gaca, A. ^ gac, B.— =>■» n. t. h., A ; a blank was left by the 
original scribe. ^ cm., A. 



slayer was Conobobar, grandson of 
Conchobar Ua Briain. This agrees 
also with tbe next assertion of tbe 
present entry. 

= PFAtZsi.— Literally, and. The 
altercation was provoked by the 
king when intoxicated. 

^ Died. — Not immediately. Ac- 
cording to the entry in the Pour 
Masters, O'CarroU died "after 



victory of Unction and penance 
and after granting three hundred 
ounces of gold for love of the Lord 
to clerics and to churches." His 
death is given in the Annals of 
Innisfallen under the following 
year. 

This, most likely, is the true date. 
For according to a eulogistic obit 
in the Antiphonary of Armagh, he 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



161 



Lena, to meet the Men of Ireland, until they reached rues] 
Grian-cliach, so that Mac Carthaigh came into his 
house and gave nine hostages to him on the occasion. 
And Munster was divided in two, between the sons of 
Cormac [Mac Carthaigh] and Domnall Ua Briain 
and thrice twelve score cows were levied upon 
Munster in honour fine [of the killing] of Muircertach 
Ua Briain. So Ua Conchobair returned to his house. — 
Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, arch-king of Airgialla, was 
mangled with the [battle-] axe of a serving gillie of his 
own, namely, Ua Duibhne of Cenel-Eogain, whilst [lit., and] 
the king [was] drunk and he died^ thereof 

(The defeat* of Ath-in-chomair [was inflicted] upon Art 
Ua Mail-Sechlainn and the West of Meath were victors. 
— " The Half -red [-faced]^ Gillie," namely, Ua Concobair 
of Corcumruadh, was slain.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 29th of the moon, a.d. 
1169. Damhliac of [St.] Ciannan was burned. — Diarmait 
Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Meath, was killed by the son of 
his brother, namely, by Domnall of Bregha'- and by 
Donnchadh Ceinnselach Ua Oeallaigh. — In the same year, 
Ruaidhri Ua Concobair, king of Ireland, gave^ ten cows 



died in 1170, B.1.L,T.C.D.: the— 
left-hand — page opposite the open- 
ing of the Calendar ; the luni-solar 
criteria of the year are given. See 
Petrie, Round Towers, p. 391, 
where for cotiuen-p the MS. has 
conueiiY' — lay-brothers (not, "con- 
ventuals ") . 

* The defeat, etc. — This item is 
given in substance in the Annals 
of Boyle, and more circumstantially 
in the Four Masters. The other 
entry is given in both and in the 
Annals of Innisfallen. 

" Ealf-red[-faced'].—Ci. the Feast 



of Bvicriu (L. U. 106a, U, 34-5),: 
Drech lethderg, let^^gal),^r hiss — 
countenance half-red, half vyhite 
had he [lit., with him]. 

1169. ^Domnall of Bregha. — 
" DoneU Bregagh (id eat, liar)" ! C. 
But Bregach here is not from breg, 
a lie, but from Breg, (the plain of) 
Bregia, the eastern portion of 
Meath ; from having been fostered 
in which Domnall was so called. 

^ Gave. — This endowment shows 
that O'Conor claimed to be supreme 
king of Ireland. 



162 



ccNNocla ularoti. 



(■peyicOTifi" bUa 'Niallain, z,myec Clainm-tlacac, 
moyiutiuf efc. — Loingef RobefiT) mic Scemin "oo ^mccam 
1 n-efiinn, h\ 1^01115111 TTlic TDuiica'Da. — Tlasriall hUa 
TTlailmia'Dais.caifec intiinnci)ai-he-oLaif, moiit;ouf epc. 
— Congalac htia 'Comaluai^, -penleisinT) Cluana-mac- 
Moiip 7 uafalfaccaiXT;, quieuir;.°) 

ICal. Ian. u". p, I. x\, CCnno T)omiTii m.° c" Ixx." 
ConcoBap, mac 1Tlui|iceiat;ai5 htli Loclainn, yii Ceneoil- 
eogain 7 iiit)omria Giaenn tiile, no maifiba'D t)0 CCex) bic 
TTlac Canae^7 -Do^ 1Jib^-Capaca[i]n, T)ia-8acaiiT,n Cafc, 
A 5io ap. lap 'Ciiin moip 1 n-CCp-D-TTlaca. — | "Donncaxi Ceinn- 
pealac hUaCeallaig -do mapbaT) t)0 LaisniB. 

(Sluaigex)'' la Ruai'opi bUa Concobaip 7 la TTlail- 
Seaclainn 7 la T^igepnanhtla Ruaipc7la Tntipcax>htla 
CepBuill cu bCC€-cliac 1 n-aipip cam-DO TTlac TTlopca'Da 
7 "Do'tTD lapla. In T;an T;pa poBaT)ap ap 1 n-aigci ic 
[-p]ipnai'Di in ca^a, nucuppaupeigpec nucupaccaxiap in 
"Dun rpe ^emi-D, i-oon, ceni "di aicc. Tlopoi T)ono lap pen 
bUa Concubaip, lappemmxicam'Docabaipc'DO. Tlocuai'D 
lap pein Tlflac TnupcaTia inn-CC6-cliau, lap ^aBaipt; 
bpeiupi T)o ^hallaiB CCca-cliac 'DO. Ocup popeall pop 
a Bpercip 7 pomapba'D "oaine inrDa ann 7 poinnapb na 
galla. — bpai^TJe, TTlic Tnupcaxia, iTion, am[h]ac pein 7 
mac a m[b]ic,i'Don,mac "Domnaill Chaeitianai^ 7mac a 

cc 11. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1170. ' Cana, B. ^^ ■DUib='oo Uib, B. »" a. t. h., a blank was left 
by tlie first scribe, A. •'■'' 51c, f. m.; 51d, t. m. , n. t. h., witli corresponding 
marks on the margin at end of the CCch-cticcch item and prefixed to 
the added entry, A ; om., B, C. 



5 Students. — " ScoUers," C. ; not, 
" strollers [i.e. poor scholars]," as 
in O'Donovan (F. M. il. 1174). 

* Ferchair, etc. — All these entries 
are giren by the Four Masters. 
The two first are found in the 
Annals of Boyle. 



^Fitz Stephen See Gilbert's 

Viceroys of Ireland, p. 12 sq. 
Cambrensis (Exp. Hib. i. 3), states 
that he arrived with 390 men in 
three ships, landing at Bannow 
about May 1 . 

1170.1 Was killed.— See the last 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



163 



every year from himself and from every king after him 
to doom to the lector of Ard-Macha, in honour of [St.] 
Patrick, to give lectures to students^ of, Ireland and 
Scotland. 

(Ferchair* Ua Niallain, chief of the Clann-TJatach, died. 
— The fleet of Robert Fitz Stephen^ came to Ireland in aid of 
Mac Murchadha. — Eagnall Ua MaQmiadhaigh, chief of 
Muinnter-Eolais, died. — Oonghalach Ua Tomaltaigh, 
lector of Cluain-mac-Nois and eminent priest, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 10th of the moon, a.d. 
1170. Concobhar, son of Muircertach ITa Lochlainn, 
king of Cenel-Eogain, royal heir of all Ireland, was killed'^ 
by Aedh Mac Oana the Little and by the Ui-Caraca[i]n, 
Easter [Holy] Saturday [April 4], in the centre of the 
Great Third in Ard-Macha. — Donnchadh Ceinnselach Ua 
Cellaigh was killed by the Leinstermen. 

(A hosting^ by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair and by Mael- 
Sechlainn and by Tigernan Ua Ruairc and by Murchadh 
Ua Cerbuill to Ath-cliath to give battle to Mac Mur- 
chadha and to the Earl.^ When, however, they were face 
to face preparing for the battle, they noticed no[thing] 
until they saw the fort on fire, that is, [by] fire of lightning. 
Howbeit, after that Ua Conchubair turned back, after 
refusal of battle was offered to him. Thereafter, Mac 
Murchadha went into Ath-cliath, after giving his word to 
the Foreigners of Ath-cliath. And he failed upon his 
word and many persons were killed there and he expelled 
the Foreigners. The hostages of Mac Murchadha, 
namely, his own son* and his grandson, that is, the son of 



[1169] 



(original) entry under 1167 
{supra). 

^A hosting, eic— This hosting 
occurred prior to the second capture 
of DubHn, the chief item in the 
following entry. The sequence 



[1170] 



intended (textual note b-b) by the 
interpolator is consequently erro- 
neous. 

^The Earl. — Strongbow. See 
Grilbert, loc. cit. 

*/SoM.— Conchobar (Conor), the 



164 



ccMMaLcc tilQroTi. 



B53c 



c[b]omalm, TOon, mac hUi Chaellai-De, t>o rtiajilDa'D let 
'R.uaiTiiT.i hUa ConcuBaip, v^e aflac "Cilefinain hUi 
Ruaiyic") 

CCc-cbac "DO TTiille'D -oo "Ohiafimait; imacTTloiacaTia 7 
Tio CCUmtiiicailS^ cue leif anaifi t)0 miTliU'D na heiaenn 
1* n-Dijail a inriaiT.b[u]a "oaii muiii. af a ^^efiunn pem 7 
a TTIIC T)0 maiT.ba-D. "Cucfac -oono ap poj^ ^allaiB CCca- 
clicrc 7 puiyic-laiiisi 7 cucca cfia diiT, inToa poyifiupum. 
"Do miTluea 1)0110 taijin 7 P|i-TTliTie, eT;e|i cella 7 
cuafia, teo 7 ifiosabfac CCc^cbau 7 pufir-laifigi. 

^riim m6|i ccinpial "do 'oenum von manac, i-doti, "do 

CCtnlaitti, mac Comayiba pinnein TTlui§i-bil6 7 "oo 

TTla^Tiuf niac T)tiiTinflei1!)e, -do fii§ Ula-D, co coifisiB 

Ulaxi 7 CO n-UbuaiB aficena, cenamom TTlael-lfU, 

efpuc 7 5illa-T)oman5aiiac TTlac Coifimaic, comafiba 

Comsaill 7 Tnael-TnairiTJaiTi, comajfiba pnnem co n-a 

mtiinTiT;eifiaiB : i-oon, Coimt;inol Canonac Uiagulla co n-a 

Ti-abaTO, nooifi'DaisTnael-TTloe'DOic hUa TTloiigaiifi, Le^aic 

Comayiba peuaip, 1 SabalL pacpaic, "do iiinayiba['D] 

apin Tflairufcip tioctimT)ai5feT;airi -pein 7 •do" ayicain" co 

leiyi, ex^efi libyiu 7 aTOmi, bu 7 'oaiTiiu, eocu 7 caijiciu 7 

na buile yiocmoilai; ann o aimpifi in teglaii; pemfiaici 

^ CCllmoTi— , B. * a, A. "-"an-aiisain — thei/ were despoiled (lit., their 
despoiling), B ; followed by C. 



only legitimate soil of Mac Mur- 
roua^h. The phonetic form is 
accurately given by Cambrensis 
(Cnuchurum. Exp. Hib. i. 10). 

^ Domnall CaematiMh. — Angli- 
cized Kavanagh. He was so 
called, according to Keating 
(O'Donovan, F. M. ii. 1143), from 
Having been fostered at Cell- 
Caemhain (church of St. Caemhan ; 
Kilcavan, near Gorey, co. Wex- 
ford). He was the illegitimate son 
of Dermot and eponymous head of 



the Mac Morrough Kavanaghs. 
(See O'Donovan, F. M. iii., 20.) 

" Ath-cliath. — Oppositethis word, 
on the right margin, in A, there 
is a Latin note ■which is partly 
cut away, in consequence of 
trimming the edges. The re- 
mainder is, except a few isolated 
words, wholly illegible. Iste[Mac] 
[Mur]ohad . . filius 
uxorem . . Hiberniae . 
ab Hibernia exfpulsus] in sui 
subsidium ad Hibemiam . . . 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



165 



Domnall CaemanacliS and the son of his foster-brother, to 
wit, the son of TJa Caellaidhe, were killed by Ruaidhri 
Fa Conchubhair, through suggestion of Tigernan Ua 
Ruairc.) 

Ath-cliat¥ was destroyed by Diarmait Mac Murchadha 
and by the transmarine men he brought with him from 
the east to destroy Ireland, in revenge for his expulsion 
over sea out of his own land and of the kilHng of his son. 
Howbeit, they inflicted slaughter upon the Foreigners of 
Athcliath and Port-lairgi and, on the other hand, many 
slaughters were inflicted upon themselves. Moreover, 
Leinster and the country of Meath, both churches and 
territories, were destroyed by them and they took Ath- 
cliath and Port-lairgi. 

A great, unbecoming deed was done by the monk, 
namely, by Amlaimh, son of the successor of [St.] Finnian 
of Magh-bile and by Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua 
Eochadha], king of Ulidia, along with the chiefs of 
Ulidia and with the Ulidians besides, except the bishop, 
Mael-Isu and Grilla-Domanghairt'' Mac Cormaic, successor 
of [St.J Comgall and Mael-Mai-tain, successor of [St.J 
Finnian, with their communities : that is, the Congrega- 
tion of Canons Regular, with their abbot, whom Mael- 
Moedoic Ua Morgair, Legate of the successor of [St.] Peter, 
instituted in Saball of [St.] Patrick, were expelled out of the 



[U70] 



turn 



Marioium 



pnmum 
. . . atque . . 

Tke meaning was probably in 
substance that Mac Murrough was 
expelled from Ireland for the 
abduction of O'Eourke's wife and 
engaged Fitz Gerald and Fitz 
Stephen to aid Tiim in recovering 
his Mngdom. 

The textual entry displays con- 
siderable confusion. The order of 



the events is as follows : (1) East 
Leinster laid waste; (2) Dublin 
submits to Mac Murrough ; (3) 
Waterford taken with great loss 
of life ; (4) Dublin taken, 
followed by slaughter of the 
citizens ; (5) Meath laid waste ; 
(6) Mac Murrough's son (and the 
other hostages) slain by. O'Conor. 

' Gilh-DoManghairt. — See 1058^ 
note 2, supra. 



166 



CCNMalCC UlCCDtl. 



A61d 



cotiice fem, cenmoraT; na inmiri 7 tia capm fiobacafi® 
I'mpu ipnsD uaifi fein, cyiia ■popmac 7 ham collai'oe 
7 fame onoifi v6 fein. tiaif fOT)icuipfecafi 
Tnanaig "Dfocaic-aca e afan ab-oaine, Tjfia cuifiB 
"olisuecaiB. Uc ! Uc! Uc !t;pa. TTlaifs 'D0|i6ne 7maif5 
cif'' 1 n-TDefnat*'' in gninfi. CCcc ni "oecaTO^ cen innecax)'' 
o'n Coim-ois ; uaif f omaf baic 1 n-oi'npeci:^ o uarciB 
nartiaT: na coifig -Dopone 7 pogona'o in pi 7 pomapba'D 
gap bic lapcain co Tiainpeccnac^ ifin baile 1 n-'oepnaxi 
in corriaifle ainpipen pin, i-oon, 1 n-T)un. TDia-TYlaipc 
cpa poT)icuipex) in CoimcinoL "Oia-ITlaipt; cpa," 1 cinn 
blia'ona, pomapbaic mai^i 'ULa'D 7po5onat) a pig. "Oia- 
Tnaipc, gaipic iapt;ain, pomapba-o e pein o [a] "oep- 
bpacaip 1 n-T)tin. — TDiapmaiT: btla CCinbpeic/" pi hUa- 
TTleic 7 coipec mapcpluaigi pig CCi I15, -do mapbax) -do 
lonjaip mime a h1nnpi15-0pcc ipm innpi pocumcaije'D 
aca pein pop toc-Tlui'De/ i-oon, pop Inip-Lacain/ 

ICaLlan. tii.''p., l- ra. i.,''CCnnoT)omini m.° c.° Iccx-'i." 
"Oiapmaiu TTlac TTlupcaxia, pi Coictd taigen, lap 
millex) ceall n-inroa 7 cuar, -do ec 1 pepna, cen 
ongaxi, cen Copp Cpipr;, cen aiupiji, cen cimna, 1 
n-einec Coloim-cille 7 pnnein 7 na naem apcena, 1- 
pa cella porhill- — CCpcall, mac 'Copcaibl, pi CCca- 

^bcrca-p-B. ^-oeo — , A. ' itinea — , A. ^ oiin[p]ecc (p om.), A. 'han- 
^eccna, B. i" CCiirpeit, A. — ^-^ repeated without being deleted, B. ' om., 
A. '■' n. t. h. (from Uutog inclusive), A. Omitted by oversight, most likely. 
A.D. 1171. "" n. t. h., on blank left by first scribe, A. 



^ Droehait-atha. — The monastery 
of MelKfont, near Drogheda 
(Drochait-atha — Bridgeof the Ford), 
is intended. The charges against 
Anilaimh, abbot of Saul (Sabhall), 
CO. Dovrn, were investigated in 
that community, with the result 
stated in the text. 



'For, etc. — See the fifth entry 
under the following year. 

^<' Ee himself. — That is, the king. 
The monk, Amlaimh, became 
bishop (1175, infra). 

1171. 1 Without Unction, etc.~- 
lu the List in L.L. (p. 39d), on the 
other hand, he is said to have died 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



167 



monastery they themselves built and were despoiled com- [ino] 
pletely, both of books and furniture, cows and persons, 
horses and sheep and all things they had collected therein 
from the time of the Legate aforesaid to then, save the 
tunics and the capes which were upon them at that hour, — 
through carnal jealousy and self-love and desire of honour 
for himself. For the monks of Drochait-atha^ deposed him 
from the abbacy [of Saball] for just causes. Alas! alas! alas! 
in sooth. Woe who did and woe the country wherein was 
done the deed. But it went not without vengeance from 
the Lord ; for' the chiefs who did it werekilled at one and 
the same time by a few enemies and the king was wounded 
and killed unhappily a little while after, in the place 
wherein that unrighteous counsel was decided upon, namely, 
in Dun. Now, on Tuesday the Congregation was expelled ; 
on Tuesday, at the end of a year, the nobles of Ulidia were 
killed and the king was wounded ; on Tuesday, a little 
after, he himself^* was killed by his brother in Dun. — 
Diarmait TJa Ainbfheith, king of Ui-Meith and leader of the 
horse-host of the king of Ailech, was killed by a fleet that 
came from the Islands of Orcc to the Island that was 
built by himself upon Loch-Ruidhe, namely, upon Inis- 
Lachain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 21st of the moon, a.d. [1171] 
1171. Diarmait Mac Murchadha, king of the Fifth of 
Leinster, after destroying many churches and territories, 
died in Ferna without Unction,^ without Body of Christ, 
without penance, without a will, in reparation to.Colum- 
ciUe and Finnian and to the saints besides, whose churches 
he destroyed.— Ascall,2 gon of Torcall, king of Ath-cliath 



in the 61st year of his age and the 
46th of his reign, after victory of 
Unotion and penance. The com- 
piler of the List adds: Saxain 



iar sin (The Saxons after that) 
miserahiliter regnant. Amen, 
Amen. 
2^s(!«K—/oAm,— Seethe account 



168 



ttMNala ula'oTi. 



B53d 



clia€7Goan (meati*) a hlnnfiB-Ofic (cainiCb a poyicacc 
CCfcaill 7 ^hall CCca-cbac'") "do maiabaTi "oo na 
^allailS cecna. — T)oTnnall''hUa pocaiaca, fii eile-'oeif- 
cipc, T)0 mayiba'D la OfpaigiB." — Sav^, ingen ^^uin- 
iai|\rin Ulic imuiicaTia,comapbabiai5ce, -00601 n-aicfiige. 
— Cifiecnn6|i la TTiaT^nuf TnacT)uinnfleiT5e co ri-ULlcaiB 
uile 1 Ctiil-in-cuaifce[i]iac, co fioaifigfec Cuil--p,acaiii 7 
cealla aile, co iiucfac uoraTt bee vo Chenel-eojain 
•popiao*, im Concobuia Ua Ca^a[i]n 7 co cucfou cliam^ 7 
CO yiomap-bfar; peyi a\i pcic^, ecei^coiipecu 7 macu coifec^ 
7 ipocaiT)e aile maille piaiu 7 yiogoTia-D Tnagnuf pem.'^ 
Ocuf in TTIa^nuf fin "oono, | "DomaiibaTi gaipic myicain" 
T)0 "Ounnflei^e, 1'Don^ "o'a "oefibiiacaiia pein 7 -do ^illa- 
Oengupa ITlac ^illa-efpuic, i-oon, do iieccai|ie TTlonac,! 
n-'Dun, myi n-olcaib moyiail!) iniTiaiB ■DO'oenum "do : iDon, 
lafi lecu-D a rnnd pofca pein 7 ia|i m-bfieic a rnnd [a] 
aici, iTJon, Choin-maip bUa^ phlainn 7 pi ac a X)eiT.biaa- 
miifi pein ap. cup, iT)on, ic OCeTi ; lapcabaipc eicin vo^ -oono 
pop. mnai a -oepbpo^ap aile, iT)on, Gocaxia ; lap papusiTO 
cloc 7 bacall, cleipec 7 cell. "Donnpleibe do gabail 
^151 I'n-a'DegaiD. — OCne, ingen TTlicTJuinnpleibe, pigan 
Oippall, '00 ec. — niaiDifn (iDon,* maiDm in luaicpet)^) 
pop "Cisepnan hUa Tloaipc 7 pop"" 'PepaiB TTliTie 7 ap 
■pepaiB ■pepn-muigi inial[l]e* ap paicci CCca-cliac pm 
TTIiloDe Cocan* con-a muinncep, du 1 copcaip pocaiDe 

A.D- 1171. 'coipuc, A. 2 XX. ic. A, B. '0, A. ^ mate (aphaeresis of 1), 
A. ''^ogan, B. 1= itl.,11. t, h., A; om., B, C. ''-"ill., u. t. h.. A; om.,B, C. 
c-oom., B, C. '^ om., A. " mfi ^em— after that, 'B. n-a (aphaeresis of 
1), A. Bs c. m., 11. t. h., A, C; maTOm an Uiociaij, pecuiTDum qtiopDam — 
Defeat of the Ashes, accordingto some, r. m., u. Lh./B. iiaii — on, B. 



of their deaths in Giraldus Cam- 
brensis {Exp. Htb. ), or Gilbert {ubi 
sup. p. 19 sq.). 

" Mad. — Duce Johanne ag- 
nomine the Wode, quod Latine 



sonat Insane, vel Vehementi {Exp. 
Bib. i. 21). 

* Cuil-in-tuaisceirt. — Corner of the 
North (of CO. Antrim) ; in which 
Cuil-rathain, — Corner of the fern, — 
Coleraine, is situated. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 169 

and Joliii^ (tte Mad) from the Islands of Ore (who came [ll7i] 
in aid of Torcall and of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath) 
were killed by the same Foreigners. — Domnall TJa 
Focarta, king of the South of Eili, was killed by the 
Ossorians. — Sadhbh,daughterof Iron-knee Mac Murchadha, 
successor of [St.] Brigit [i.e. abbess of Kildare] died in 
penance. — Great foraying force [was led] by Maghnus 
Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] with all TJlidia into 
Ouil-in-tuaisceirt*, so that they plundered Cuil-rathain and 
other churches, until a small number of the Cenel-Eogain 
under Conchobur TJa Cathain overtook them and gave battle 
and killed one and twenty men, both chiefs and sons of 
chiefs, and a multitude of others along with them. And 
Maghnus himself was wounded. And moreover that 
Maghnus was killed shortly after in Dun by 
Donnsleibhe, that is, by his own brother and by 
Gilla-Oenghusa Mac Gilla-espuic, namely, by the 
lawgiver of Monaigh,^ after great evils had been done 
by him,— namely, after leaving his own wedded wife 
and after taking his wife from, his fosterer, that is, 
from Cu-maighi Ua Flainn and she [had been] the wife 
of his own brother at first, namely, of Aedh ; after inflict- 
ing violence upon the wife of his other brother also, that 
is, of Eochaidh ; after profanation of bells and croziers, 
clerics and churches. Donnsleibhe took the kingship in 
his stead. — Ane, daughter of the Mac Duinnsleibhe [TJa 
Eochadha] queen of Airghialla,^ died. — Defeat (namely, 
the Defeat of the Ashes''') [was inflicted] upon Tigernan 
TJa Euairc and upon the Men of Meath and upon the Men 
of Fern-magh, all together, on the Green of Ath-cliath 



° Lawgiver of Monaigh. — "The 
monks heard, or servant ! " C. The 
translator took Monaigh, a local 
name, to be genitive of manach a 
monk. 

8 Qmen of AirgTiialla.—A.cooxdJii.g 



to the entry in the Four Masters, 
she was wife of Murrough O'Car- 
roll, king of that territory. 

''Defeat of the Ashes. — So called 
perhaps from having been inflicted 
on Ash-Wednesday. But Cam- 
M 



170 



aMMcclcc uLaroTi. 



Tn6f.,iTTi CCe'DhUaUumiaciai TTlacaiirie-^aitensyiai'Oomna 
hUa-biiioin 7 CConmaicne. 'Romayibra "oono ann coic 
coifige DO ■peyiaiB pepn-niuise, iDon, TTlael-TTlocca TTIac 
Coripebla 7 ConcoBufi, a -oeixbiiacaiiT,, Dacoifec Cheneoil- 
pejia-Dail. — ■penixi hUa Congaile, camnel gaifCTO 7 
einig OiTiliabl.^Tnoficuuf' eft;.' — l^asnalU hUa "Cuccccaiti, 
coifec Clainm-Rua'Diaac ; ^illa-seimiai'D rriac-in-saban-D, 
coifec pefi-lDayicaca 7 focaiTie aile maille -piaiu, non 
lonje pofc fup|iaT)ict;a, ■oeciTno fexuo jCaleiTDaf Notlenrl- 
A52a byiif" [mop,T;«i func]. — | Uenic in tlibeiamam Tlehiaicuf 
(mac'' na peiyiifi*"), potrenciffimuf ifiex CCngliae et; ^vem 
T)ux ■Moifimanni[a]e ec CCquicaTii[a]e ec Comef CCiToe- 
5auti[a]e ec aliafium mulca|iiiTn uefifaiatim xiomiriuf , cum 
"DUcenaf quaDiao^inua nauibuf. (Coma'&i efin p|iimuf 
aTDUenuuf 8haxanac in nibeianiam.*) Ocuf ^ainic hi t:i|i 
oc pupc-lapsi 7 fiogaB giablu IDIuman. "Came ia|i "rem 
CO hCC^-cliccc 7 fiogalS giallu Laigen 7 pefi TTli'De 7 hUa- 
m-biT.iuin 7 CCit\5iall 7 tHa-D. — Pecpuf (hUa' TDoiT.Tia''), 
epifcopuf htla-TTlaine 7 Connacc (no,''efptic Cltiana- 
■pep-TJa-Ofienain'o''), manac cyiaibDec 7 pep. augtrop'oa, 7)0 
baDUD ifin c-SinainD (i-oon," ic pupc-'oa-Chaines''), it)' 
epc, pexco lCalenT)ap lanuapii.' 

CComaf"" Cantruapenpip mapcipizaT;up."" — 'Domnall 
hUa TTlail-muaiT), pi pep-Cell, occipup [epc]. — ITlael- 
cpon TTIac ^illi-8ecnaill, pi T)eipce[i]pT; Opeg, 
mopicup.") 

^Oert— , A. " om., A. Ji 1. m., t. h., A ; om., B, C. kit l. m., u. t. h., 
A ; om., B, C. '"' .1. ui. kl. lenail^ (the native rendering of the Latin of A), 
B. °'-"'51d, r. m., n. t. h., A; cm., B, C. "n 51 d, f. m., n. t. h., A; 
om., B, C. 



brensis states that it took place 
about Sept. 1 {Exp. Sib. 3. 29;. 

^ Son of t/te impress. — Opposite 
Mac na Peirisij on the right margin, 
in B, by another hand is : Alias, na 
hlmpera\si],quia fuit, ImpeT\atri<yis\ 
filius — Otherwise, [son] of the 



Empress [Matilda], etc. (The 
bracketted letters were cut ofiP in 
trimming the edge.) The mean- 
ing is that Almperasi was the true 
reading, being derived from Imper- 
atrix. Also, on the centre margin, 
is written: Bex Angliae venit in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 171 

by Milo De Cogan with his people, wherein fell a large [1171] 
number around Aedh TIa Ruairc, king of Machaire- 
Gaileng and royal heir of the Ui-Briuin and Conmaicni. 
There were also killed there five chiefs of the Men of 
Fern-magh [and two others], namely, Mael-Mochta Mac 
Confhebla and Conchobhur, his brother, — two chiefs of 
Cenel-Feradhaigh. — Fenidh Ua Conghaile, candle of the 
championship and hospitality of Oirghialla, died. — Eagh- 
nall Ua Tuathchair, chief of Clann-Ruadhrach ; Gilla- 
geimridh Mac-in-Grhaband, chief of Fir-Darcacha and a 
number of others along with them died not long after the 
aforesaid events, on the 16th of the Kalends of IS^ovember 
[Oct. 17]. — There came into Ireland Henry (son of the 
Empress^), most puissant king of England and also Duke 
of Normandy and Aquitaine and Count of Anjou and Lord 
of many other lands, with 240 ships. (So that that was 
the first advent of the Saxons into Ireland.) And he came 
to land at Port-lairgi and received the pledges of Munster. 
He came after that to Ath-cliath and received the pledges of 
Leinster and of the Men of Meath and of the Ui-Briuin and 
Airgialla and Ulidia. — Peter (Ua Mordha), bishop of Ui- 
Maine of Connacht (otherwise,* bishop of Cluain-ferta 
of [St.] Brenann), a devout monk and authoritative man, 
was drowned in the Sinand (namely, at Port-da-Chaineg), 
namely, on the 6th of the Kalends of January [Dec. 27]. 

(Thomas of Canterbury is martyred. ^^—Domnail Ua 
Mail-muaid, king of Fir-cell, was slain.^^— Mael-cron^^ ]y[ac 
Gilli-Sechnaill, king of the South of Bregha, dies.) 



Htbemiam hoc anno. For Henry's 
doings in Ireland, see Benedict of 
Peterborough and Hoveden (a.I). 
1171-2). 

^Otherwise.— The Ui-Maine of 
Connaught included the diocese of 
Olonf ert. The alternative reading 
is that given in the Annals oflnnis- 
fallen and of Boyle- 



"> Martyred. — On December 29 of 
the preceding year, in the Cathedral 
of Canterbury. Sec the account 
in Benedict of Peterborough 
(ad an). 

u Slain. — By the people of Moa- 
aghan, according to the P.M. 

^2 Mael-cron. — Given in the Four 
Masters. 

M 2 



172 



rrNMaloc ula'Dti. 



[bifO jCal. Ian. tiii.'' p.,^ L, 11., CCTinoT)omini m. c.'bcx." 11.° 
Ri Saxan (iT)on, hen|iicc, mac Tiape|iifi'')T)0'Dulahefiinn 
'T)ia-'Domnai5 Cafc, iap,c6ileb|iaT)CCippiainn. — 'Cisep.nan 
hUa Ruaip-c, |ii Opeiipne. 7 Conmaicne, fep,^ cumacca 
mop,e f\i\ fie -pora, "do maiabaT) vo ShaxanaiB cecna 7 -do 
T)OTnnall, mac OCnnaTD, TMa ceniut pein imaille^ pyiiu. CC 
'Dicenna'S T)ono tjoi^ 7 a cenn 7 a copp •do b^aeTc co •DOCfiaiTt 

B 54a CO hCCc-cliac. In cenn | -do cogbail pop 'ooiaup in Tiuine 
1 n-a fja^ ve'ti-^ c|iua^ tdo 5haix>elaib. In cojip "oono vo 
cp-ocax) 1 n-mtiT) aibe 7 a coppa puap. — 'Cigeyinac" bUa 
ITlael-eoin, comapba Cmpain (Cluana''-mac-'KIoip'*), 
quieuir; in Cbp,ipt;o. — Imp-eogain -do [p]apu|ux)la Cenel- 
Conaill 7 ap. -do cop pop a "DoeniB." — TTlaix)m pop Cenel-n- 
Gogain la 12tai€bepcac bUa ITlael'Dopai'D 7 la Cenel- 
Conaill 7 dp lanmop vo cop poppti. ITlipbuil cpa "oo 
noemaiB in Coim-DBX)^ in* ni pin/ iT)on, -do pocpaic 7 xio 
Coltim-cille7 •do na naemaiB apcena,ipa cella pomillpec. 
— tTlael-THtiipe° TDac TTlupca-Da, coipec ITluinncepi-bipn 
7 t;o[i]pe[c] 7 pi bUa-n-ecac, vo niapba'o la bOCe'o TTlac 
Oengupa 7 la Clainn-OCexia' bUa'-n-6cT)ac Ula'D." — Lan- 
cuaipc C01CIT) Connacc in cerpama'o pecc la ^illa TDac 
Liac, comapba paT;paic, ixion, la Ppimaic^ Gpenn, co 
bCCp'o-TYIaca. — T)omnall bUa pepgail, ap-o T;oipec Con- 
maicne, -DO mapba'D la muinnt;ep pig Saxan. — 5^lla- 
CCe-oa, eppiic Copcaigi, pep Ian "do pac T)e, in bona 
penect;UT;e quieuit;. 

A.D. 1172. ■'•peaii, A. ^male (aphaeresis of i), A. ^ — ^gg^ ^ 
*-^itiipin, A. * — impaic {chief prophet !), B.— ?-=i n. t. h., on blank left by 
scribe, A. >'■•' itl„ n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. =-": om., B, C. ''-=' partly on c. m., 
partly on 1. m., n. t. h., MS. (A). «' Qaia TiUi— , MS. (A). 



1172. '^TheJcing. — Opposite these 
■words, on the centre margin in B, 
is : Sediit in Angliam. According 
to Benedict, the royal retinue sailed 
on Easter Sunday and the king on 
the following day. 



2 JFiJiA.— Literally, and. 

^ Mael-Boifi. — Devotee of [St.'\ 
John (the Evangelist). This may 
be the Maeliohain epscop (Mael- 
lohaiUf bishop) of the Clonmacnoise 
tombstone (O'D., E.M. iii. 4). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



173 



Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 2nd of the moon, a.d. [1172 Bis.] 
1172. The kingi of the Saxons (namely, Henry, son of 
the Empress) went from Ireland on Easter Sunday [April 
16], after celebration of Mass. — TigernanUa Ruairc, king 
of Breifni and Conmaicni, a man of great power for a long 
time, was killed by the same Saxons and by Domnall, son of 
Annadh [Ua Ruairc] of his own clan along with them. 
He was beheaded also by them and his head and his body 
were carried ignominiously to Ath-cliath. The head was 
raised over the door of the fortress,^a sore, miserable 
sight for the Gaidhil. The body was hung in another 
place, wity its feet upwards. — Tigernach Ua Mael-Eoin,^ 
successor of Ciaran (of Cluain-mac-Nois), rested in peace. 
— Inis-Eogain was wasted by the Cenel-Oonaill and 
slaughter inflicted upon its inhabitants. — Defeat [was in- 
flicted] upon the Cenel-Eogain by Flaithbertach Ua 
Maeldoraidh and by the Cenel-Conaill and great slaughter 
was put upon them. A marvel [wrought] by the saints 
of God [was] that thing : namely, by Patrick and by 
Colum-cille and by the saints besides, whose churches 
they destroyed. — Mael-Muire Mac Murchadha, chief of 
Muinnter-Birn and chief and king of the Ui-Echach, was 
killed by Aedh Mac Oenghusa and by the Clann-Aedha 
of the Ui-EchaCh of Ulidia.— The full circuit [cess] of the 
Fifth of Connacht [was carried] for the fourth time by 
Gilla Mac Liac, successor of Patrick, namely, by the 
Primate of Ireland, to Ard-Macha.^ — ^Domnall Ua Fergail, 
arch-chief of Conmaicni, was killed by the people of the 
king of the Saxons. — Gilla- Aedha,^ bishop of Cork, a man 
full of the grace of God, rested in good old age. 



* Gilla-Aedha.— Devotee of {St.) 
Aed (perhaps of Eatugt, oo. West- 
meath). Aooordingto the obit in the 
Four Masters (where the surname 
is O'Muidhin — O'Muigin, Annals 



of Boyle, — which was unknown to 
O'Donovan, iii. 3), he had been a 
monk of Errew in Lough Con, oo. 
Mayo. In the Annals of Innisf alien, 
he is called bishop (the compiler 



174 



ccMMaia nlocDh. 



(Tnup.ca'D' TTlac TTluficaxia 7 ITluiica'D hUa b]T.[i]ain 
occifi fUnc. — 5illa-Ciaifc,maccoma|ibaCiaiaain CLuana- 
mac-Moif, quieuic. — T)ia|imoiT) hUa Caellai'Se occifUf 
[er^.]') 

A62b fcal. lan.ii." p-.^Lx. 111., CCnno Domini m .° c.° Ira." 111.° 
Cinaec hUa ■R,ona[i]n, efpuc ^liiiTie-T)a-loca,^ 'do cum- 
fanaT) co [fiuairiail]. — TYluiyieDac hUa CoBcaig,^ efpoc 
Cene[oi]L-eo5ain 7 'Cuaifce[i]yic 6^enri uile, in mac 
oje 7 in tec Logmufi 7 in gem glome 7 in fieclu folufra 
7 cifci caifceTia inT)^ ecnai^ 7 c]aoeB cnuaf 015 na Canoine 
7° copUji na 7)61106 7 na cennfa 7 na hailseme 7 in 
coluim ayigtxjine cifiaixie 7 in T;uiiai:uiyi a^a ennga 7 in 
noem T)e ereyi "DoiniB, ia|i n-oiaT)neT) -do facapu 7 ■oeo- 
caine 7 oef[a] ceca s^aaTO ajacena, — iDon, feccmoga'^ 
facafic, 7 lap. n-ocnuga'S eclup n-im-oa 7 lap coifeciaa-D 
cempall 7 laeilec 7 layin-'Dentim mamifcpec 7 laeiclep n- 
inroa 7 cec[a] luBpai eclufuacriai a|ic6na y" lap cixinucul 
biTO 7 et;ai5 "oo bo&aiB, lap m-buaTO cpabaxi 7 oilicpi 7 
aicfiige/ po-pai-D^ a fpipui; "Docum nime 1 n-Dubpeiclep 
Coluim-cille 1 n-'Oaiiae, 1 quapc ^v 'Pebpai, in fexca 
[fepcima] -peiiia. "Doyiona'D -oono mipbuil mop, ifin 
aiwe avhax:, — in axiaig^ "do polupcugti'D o T;a lapmeipp 
CO gaipm in coibg 7 in "ooman uile pop lapa-o 7 coepmop 

f-f f. m., li. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1173. 1 — taca, A. ^Copc — , B.^-^naTiectia (i.e. tlie seribetook 
the word to be feminine), B. * — 51, A. ' -poeTO, B. ^ agaix), B. a-a -^^ ^_ jj_^ 
on space left blank, A. t.i in pace qaietirc (the Latin equivalent of the 
A— text}, B, 0. ■:-- cm., B, C. <i .Iccx., MS. (A). 



evidently deemed it superfluous to 
add the place) and head of the piety 
of Ireland. In ths Annals of Boyle 
he is called bishop of Cork. 

= Murchadh, etc. — The first 
and third of these entries are found 
in the Annals of Boyle and the F.M., 
respectively. 



^^eres/am.— Insimulocoisi sunt. 
Annals of Boyle. 

'' Oilla-Crist. — Devotee of Christ. 
He may have been the son of 
O'Malone, who died this year. 

1173. ''■Bishop of Cenel-Eogain. 

That is, of Derry (North of Ireland 
may signify Raphoe). This proves 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



175 



(Murchad¥ Mac Murchadha and Murchadh Ua Briain 
were slain." — Grilla-Crist/ son of the successor of Ciaran of 
Oluain-mac-Kois, rested. — Diarmod Ua Caellaidhe was 
slain.) 



[1172] 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 13tli of the moon, a.d. 
1173. Cinaeth Ua Rona[i]n, bishop of Glenn-da- locha, 
rested. — Muiredhach Ua Cobhthaigh, bishop of Cenel- 
Eogaini and of all the North of Ireland, the son of chastity 
and the precious stone and the gem of purity and the 
shining star and the preserving casket of wisdom and the 
fruitful branch of the Canon and the fount of charity and 
meekness and kindliness and the dove for purity of heart 
and the turtle for innocence and the saint of God among 
men, after ordaining priests and deacons and persons of 
every [church -]grade besides, — ^namely, seventy priests and 
after renovating many churches and after consecrating 
churches and cemeteries and after building many monas- 
teries and regular churches and [performing] every 
ecclesiastical work besides and after bestowal of food and 
clothing to the poor, after victory and piety and penance 
and pilgrimage, he sent forth his spirit unto heaven in the 
Penitentiary of Oolum-cille in Daire, on the 4th of the Ides 
[10th] of February, on the 6th \_recte, 7th] feria.^ Now, a 
great marvel was wrought on the night he died, — the 
night was illuminated from Nocturn^ to the call of the 



[1173] 



that O'Brolohain waa not made 
bishop of the first-named see in 
1158 [supra). 

2 6M feria.— Sixth feria is the 
reading of the Jnnds of Loch Ce also. 
From this it is evident that the 
compiler did not understand these 
criteria, but copied what he found 
in the MS. The Four Masters 
omit the week-day. 



In 1173, February 10 fell on 
the seyenth feria, or Saturday. 

^ Noctiwn. — Literally, after rising; 
here employed to denote midnight. 
The time and rationale are given 
in the Vita Columbae and Navigaiio 
Brandani. Media nocte, pulsata 
personante clooca, f estinns surgens, 
ad coclesiam pergit ( Vita Col. iii. 
23). Vir Dei et qui cum illo erant 



176 



annocla: ulatili. 



B 64b 



A52o 



ceineTi D'eiyigi of in baile 7 a cocc foifi'Def 7 eifigi vo 
cac uile, nTDa|i leo |iob' e in laa. Ocuf jaoboi amlaiTi f ein 
fie muiiaanaifi. — eu|iu hUaniiaxiacain, efpuc Cluana, in 
bona feneccuce quieuic. — C|iec moia la CCe-D TTlac 
OenftUfa 7 la Clainn-CCe'Sa, co fioaiyicfet; 'Cyiian mop 
(1° n-OCyixi-Tnaca°). OcUf jiomapba'D in -peii fin 1 cinD Dpi 
mif, lap n-apcain CCip'o-IDaca •do. 

("OomnalU bpegac hUa 1Tlail-[Sh]eclainn, pi TTli'De, 
obiiu.— mael-mocca hUa pa-obpa (no^ hUa ITIail- 
[8b]eclainn*),abbCltiana-niac-Moip,qiiietiit;. — TYlael-lpu 
mac in Oaip'D, epfcop Cluana-pepca OpenainT), quieuic 
— Imap, mac [TTlic] Capgamna' [i;oipec TTIuincipe-inn ail- 
pinna mopicup].) 

|Cal. lan^n.^p-jl. ccoc. iiii.,CCnnoT)omini m.°c.°lcca;.°iiii.° 
pLann^ htia goF^abl'i' aptj-pepleiginn CCipT)-inaca 7 
Gpenn | uile, pep eblac, comap^amail 1 n-ecna 'Dia'tia 7 
■oomun-oa, lap m-beic bliaTiam a^ picic" 1 "PpancaiB 7 1 
8axanai15 ic "poglaim 7pice^ blm-bain ic pollamnusax) 
pcol n-epenn, acbau co pirairiail 1 cpeTiecim" ]callann° 
CCppilip, X)ia-Cecain pia Caifc, pepcua^epimo aeracip 
f u[a]e anno. — TYlael-pacpaic bana[i]n, eypuc Con-oeipe 
7 X)ail-OCpaiX(e, pep eipTfiii;nec, Idn bo noeirtie | 7 ■do 
cennfa 7 vo glaine cpixie, vo ec co lanpecunac 1 n-hl 

'■» itl., n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C. « n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. ss itl., MS. (A). 
A.D. H74. ipioriinnc (=Florentius), A. 2 fj^j^^g^ b_ a n. t. h., 
on blank space, A. ^ .ocx., A, B. "-".xm. kt., A, B. 



dederunt corpora quieti, usque ad 
tertiam noctis vigiliam [i.e. mediam 
noctem]. Evigilans vero vir Dei, 
Buscitavit fratres ad Tigilias noctis 
(iV««). Bran. v. v). 

• Call of the cock. — The Oallid- 
nium (3 a.m.) is meant. 

° By the sea on the east (re muir 
anair). — That is, iu Scotland. The 
expression is employed in this 
sense in the obit of Malcolm Oenn- 



mor, llBo (supra). The meaning- 
less reading of B is : co romhuir in 
aair — so that it overcame the \_night'\ 
air. Following this, C renders it 
" untiU the ayer was oleered." 

^ Cluain[-a(i)rari']. — The square 
bracketted portion is given in C. 

' Great Third. — See supra, a.d. 
1074, note .5. 
' Domnall, etc, — Domnall of 



ANNALS OF ULSTEll. 



177 



cock* and the whole world [was] a-blaze and a large mass [1173] 
of fire arose over the place and went south-east and every 
one arose, it seemed to them it was the day. And it was like 
that by the sea on the east.^— Etru Ua Miadhachain, bishop 
of Cluain[-a(i)rard],e rested in good old age.— Great foray 
by Aedh Mac Oenghusa and by the Clann-Aedha, so that 
they pillaged the Great Third^ (in Ard-Macha). And that 
man was killed before three months, after the pillaging of 
Ard-Macha by him. 

(DomnalP Ua Mael-[Shiechlainn the Bregian, king of 
Meath, died.— Mael-Mochta* Ua Fiadbra (or^o Ua Mael- 
[Sh]echlainn), abbot of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested. — Mael- 
Isu Mac-in-Baird," bishop of Cluain-ferta of [St.] Brenann, 
rested. — Imar^^ son [of Mac] Cargamna [chief of Muinnter- 
Mail-Shinna, dies].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 24th of the moon, a.u. lUJi] 
1174. Flann Ua Gorma[i]n, arch-lector of Ard-Macha 
and of all Ireland, a man learned, observant in divine and 
human wisdom, after having been a year and twenty 
learning amongst the Franks and Saxons and twenty years 
directing the schools of Ireland, died peacefully on the 
13th of the Kalends of April [March 20], the Wednesday 
before Easter, in the 70th year of his age.— Mael-Patraic 
O'Banain,^ bishop of Condeiri and Dal- Araidhe, a venerable 
man, full of holiness and of meekness and of purity of 
heart, died full piously in I[ona] of Colum-cille, after 



Bregha was slain. Annals of Boyle. 
He was fostered in Bregia. 

^Mochta.— The patron saint of 
Louth. 

■"' Or, etc. — This is the surname 
given in the F.M. The remaining 
items are found in the Annals of 
Boyle. 

^' Mae-in-Baird. — Son of the Bard. 



Anglicized Mac Ward. The family 
were hereditary poets of O'KeUy 
of Hy-many (O'Donovau, F. M. ui. 
11.) 

1^ Imar, etc. — Given in the Annals 
of Boyle. 

1174. ' O'Banain. — See Beeves, 
Adamnan p. 408, and the works 
there referred to. 



178 



ccMMalcc tila"Dli. 



CotuiTn-cilte laji fencacaTD cojaitie. — ^i^^cc'l^ctc-Liac, 
mac Ruaif)iT.i, coma]aba pacyiaic, ayiDefpuc 7 piaimaic 
CCiiiTi-Tnaca 7 ejienn uile, mac oge Idn 'oo jlaine cpTOe 
7 7)0 fi^amla, -do ec co feccnac ia]i'' TpenT;acai'D cogai'De'', 
1° fexc jcalann OCpyiil," "Dia-Cecam lap Caifc, occo- 
gefimo fepuimo aecaciy^ puae anno, epipcopacup hauuem 
cpigefimo f epcimo. Tloboi in fep tiajpal fin ye' bliaxina 
■Dec' CO lanonopac 1 n-abxiaine Coluim-cille 1 n-T)aifie 
pia comupbuf pociaaic. — 5illa-TnocaiT)beo, abb TTlain- 
ifcyiec peuaip, 7 poil 1 n-CCp-o-ITlaca, mog rpebaip, 
caipifi "Do'n CoimDig, -do ec pp-i-oie^ |CalenT)af^ CCp|iilip, 
fepT;ua5epimo [ajecauif fu[a]e anno. 

(Car T)tip,luip La 'Oomnall hUa m-bifiiain 7 la Con- 
cobuji inaentnai5i pofv muinnap. mic na pepp (i-oon, 
p,i5 8axan')- — Tnaelyiuanaig hUa Ciapxia, |ii Caip-pp.!, 
occifUf epc. — Senof) b1pf^a^ — CC.jT). 1174. mael-lfu 
bUa Connacca[i]n, epipcopuf Shil-TTluiyieOTis, quieuir;. — 
CCmlaim hlla Cumt), caipeacTTltiinnciirii-^illsaCiJn, mop- 
cuuf efT;. — muifisiup hUa T>u15-cai5, cec abb na buille, 



, B, C. <=•= 1 .ui. kl. CCpriil, B; .1. .m. kl. CCpp.i'-iT'. ■*■• 
,x.tii. bU, A, B. ss .11. kl., A, B. "'' n. t. h., A; om., B, C. '-' itl., 
MS. (A). J-J 52b, f.m., n. t. h., A; om., B, 0. 



^-d ora, 
U 



^Son of Suaidhri. — In the colo- 
phon to the exquisite Evangeliste- 
rium of Mael-Brigte in the British 
Museum (Harleian, 1802, fol. 
156b). Of. Appendix to Report 
on Bymer's Foedera, Supplement, 
PI. XVI. ; Reeves, Proc. R.I. A. 
V. 62-3), he is called grand- 
son of Ruaidhri. According to an 
interlinear gloss in the original 
hand he was son of the poet of the 
Ui-Bim — mac itiT) [v]iTi. 13000 tio 
[U]ib-bi|in (a Tyrone sept whose 
territory bounded part of Monag- 



han). In the list of Successors of 
PatricJc (L. L. 42d), he is likewise 
styled son of tJie poet. 

^ March 27 th, the Wednesday/ 
after Master. — The F.M. copy these 
data and, nevertheless, place the 
obit under 1173, — a year in which 
the Wednesday in Easter week fell 
on AprU 11 ! O'Donovan left th 
erroruncorrected (iii. 13). 

Gelasius is given in the Martyr- 
ology of Donegal at March 27. 

^ 81th of his age. — He was conse- 
quently bom in 1087. YetO'Conor 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



179 



choice old age.— G-illa Mac Liac [Gelasius], son of 
Ruaidhri,^ successor of Patrick, archbishop and primate of 
Ard-Macha and of all Ireland, son of chastity, full of purity 
of heart and of peace, died piously after choice old age, on 
the 6th of the Kalends of April [March 27], the Wednesday 
after Easter,^ in the 87th year of his age,* the 37th of his 
episcopacy.^ That noble man was sixteen years full 
honourably in the abbacy of Colum-cille in Daire before 
[receiving] the succession of Patrick. — Gilla-Mochaidbeo,^ 
abbot of the Monastery of Peter and Paul in Ard-Macha, 
a diligent, steadfast servant to the Lord, died on [Sunday] 
the 2nd of the Kalends of April [March 31], in the 70th 
year of his age. 

(The battle'^ of Durlus [was gained] by Domnall Ua 
Briain and by Oonchobur Maenmhaighi upon the people 
of the son of the Empress (namely, of the king of the 
Saxons). — Maelruanaigh^ Ua Ciarda, king of Cairpri, was . 
slain. — The Synod" of Birr [was celebrated]. — a.d. 1174. 
Mael-Isu" TJa Connachtain, bishop of Sil-Muirethaigh 
[Elphin], rested. — Amlaim TJa Cuind, chief of Muinnter- 
Gillga[i]n, died. — Muirguis" Ua Dubhthaigh, first abbot 



[1174] 



{S. H. S. ii. Annals of Boyle, -p. 17) 
confidently states that Mac Liag, 
who died in 1016 {supra), was his 
father ! 

^ S7ih of his episcopacy. — He 
became archbishop on the resigna- 
tion of St. Malaohy in 1137. There 
is independent evidence that he 
was primate in 1138. According 
to the colophon, he was in the 
succession of Patrick, when the 
Mael-Brigte Codex was written ; 
namely, in the year of the sixteenth 
Epact {falling] upon Jan. 1— iTioti, 
1 m-biia'Daiti "oano yep'oe 'oeac 
■pofi Kalc6inn Gnai|v. 



^ Mochaidbeo His name is in 

the Martyrology of Donegal at 
October 11. 

' The battle, etc. ; The Synod, etc.; 
Mael-Isu, etc. ; Muirgius, etc. — 
Given in the Annals of Boyle. 

For the battle of Thnrles (which 
is also found in the Annals of 
Jnnisfallen), see the masterly note 
of O'Donovan (P. M. iii. 16 sq). 

To the Synod of Birr is perhaps 
to be referred the transfer of Weat- 
meath to the See of Clonmacnoise, 
recorded by the F.M. at this year. 

^ Maelruanaigh, etc. — A more 
detailed account is in the F.M. 



180 



CCMNalCC ulccoTi. 



quieuic. — 1maia, mac TTlic Cajisamna hUi 5illa-t;lli;a[i]n, 
roifec muinnueiai [mail-Sinna,'' mofiiT^uia"].) 

jCal. 1an. 1111." p., l. «., CCnno T)ommi m." c.° lxx.° u.° 
TYlael-lfU (tooti,'' mac m clei|ii5 cuiyiia"), eppuc tHaxt, ■ptii 
ecTia[i] 7 ciaaba[i]'o, plenufoieiaum in Chjiii^co quieuic. 
— piaicbeficac^ hUa b|iolca[i]n, comaifiba Coluim-cille, 
truiii ecna[i] 7 einig, peyi -oia t;ucaT)U|i cleip^ Gfienn 
cacaiyi efpuic ap." ectia[i] 7 ap," pebup 7 ma capcup^ 
comupbup hia, t)0 ec copecctiac iap cpeblaii: rojai'Se 1 
Ti-T)ubpeclep^ Coluim-cille. ^^lla TDac Liac hUa 
bpana[i]n tio oip-onex) 1 n-a ina'D 1 comupbup Coluim- 
cille. — ITlac comapba piTinem (I'Don," CCmlaim"), abb 
Sabaill, TDO ec 1 n-eppcopoici ina'D. — ITlac Copmaic 
eppuc Ilia's, 'DO ec — Concobup,'^ mac TTlic Concaille 
(pegdtiais'), abb peiclepa poil 7 pecaip 7 comapba 
Pacpaic iapT;ain, "do ec 1 Tloim, iap coct; "D'acallaim 
comapba pe^aip." — TTlaTOm ap Cenel-n-enna pia n- 
Ccmapcac hUa Caca[i]n 7 pe Niall hUa ri-^ailmpe'baig 
7 dp mop 'DO cup poppu. 
''-'= Cut away in binding ; TTlael-Siintiais certain. 

A.D. 1175. 'Imc — (vom.), A. ^ — gup, B. 'fieic — , A. »i- n. t. h., on 
blank space, A. ^-^ itl., u. t. h., A ; om., B, C. ■- ajx a— for his, B, C. 
d-d om., B, C. « itl, n. t. h., MS. (A). 



^ Boyle. — Eespecting the history 
of the foundation of this abbey 
given by O'Donovan (F. M. iii. 14) 
from the Annals of Boyle, it may 
be well to quote the original 
entries. 

Abbatia de BueUio hoc anno 
fundata est, anno Dominic[a]e 
Incamationis MaxxTiii. 

Abbatia BueUensis hoc anno 
fundata est iuxta Buellium molxi ; 
ab initio vero mundi viccOLX. 
Primo inoepit esse apud GreUech- 



dinach; secundo, apud Druim- 
conaind ; tertio, apud Buufinni ; 
quarto, apud Buellium. 

In primo loco, primus abbas 
Petrus Ua Morda f uit ; in secundo, 
Aed Ua Maccain per duos annos. 
Post eum Mauricius in eodem loco 
per vi. annos (" nearly three years," 
O'Donovan, he. eit.), et apudBun- 
finni duos et dimidinm. In Buellio 
vero abbatizavit xiii. et dimidium. 

[A.D. MOLxxiv.] Murgius Ua 
Dubtaioh, primus abbas BueHU et 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



181 



of Boyle,^ rested. — Imari* son of Mac Cargamna Ua Gilla- 
Ultain/^ chief of Muinnter-Mail-Sinna, dies.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 5th of the moon, a.d. 
1175. Mael-Isu (namely, son of "the Stooped Cleric"), 
bishop of TJlidia [Down], master of wisdom and piety, 
rested full of days in Christ. — Flaithbertach Ua Brol- 
cha[i]n, successor of Colum-cille, tower of wisdom and 
hospitality, a man to whom the clergy of Ireland gave the 
chair^ of a bishop for wisdom and for his excellence and to 
whom was offered^ the succession of la, died piously, after 
choice tribulation, in the Penitentiary of Colum-cille. 
Grilla Mac Liac Ua Brana[i]n^ was instituted in his stead in 
the succession of Colum-cille. — The son of the successor of 
[St.]Finnian (namely, Amlaimh*) [deposed] abbot of Saball, 
died in the episcopacy of Ulidia. — Mac Cormaic, bishop of 
Ulidia, died. — Conch obur,'^ son of Mac Conchaille(the wild- 
deer hunter), abbot of the Regular abbey of [SS.] Paul and 
Peter and successor of Patrick afterwards, died in Rome, 
after arriving to confer with the successor of Peter. — 
Defeat [was inflicted] on the Cenel-Enna by Echmarcach 
Ua Catha[i]n and by Niall Ua Gailmredhaigh and great 
slaughter was put upon them. 



[1174] 



[1175] 



tertius secundum antiquitatem 
domus, quievit. 

"/m«r, eic— Compare the final 
(additional) item of the preceding 
year. 

'^'^ Gilla-Vltain.— Devotee of \St.'\ 
Ultan (probably of Ardbraccan, co. 
Meath), 

11 75. '■ Chair of bishop. — Supra, 
1158. 

^ Was offered. — In 1164 {supra). 

^ Ua Brana[i]n. — See Adamnan, 
p. 408. 

* Amlaimk. — The same who pro- 



cured the expulsion of the Canons 
Regular from Saball (Saul)inll70. 
The F. M. omit the obit. 

^ Conchobur. — He was the im- 
mediate successor of Gelasius. 
Segdnach (for which compare seg, 
a m^d-deer, in Cormac's Glossary) 
forms part of the text in the 
Annals of Boyle. 

^ Was slain. — By the son of 
Mao Coghlan (lord of Delvin 
Eathra, the barony of Garryoaatle, 
King's Co. ), according to the entry 
in the Four Masters. 



182 



ccMMttla ularoli. 



(5iUa-Coluim' hUa TTlaelTtitiaiTi, fii Peyi-Ceall, occiftif 
efc. — TDalTiUf htla TTlael-SheactiaiU -do ciaoca'D la 
gallaiB. — TTli-De ■opaf rUBUTi o CCc-Uiain 511 T)iiocec-aca- 
— "OomnaU Caemanac, mac T)iapimo'oa TTlic TnujacaTia, 
tii lailean [occifuip eft;].— Sluaga'D la ^allaiB 5« 
Luimneac, 511 n-TjeacaTjaiii f aifi.') 

[bii".] jcal. Ian. u., p, I. x. ui., CCnno T)OTnini m." c.° Ixx." ui.° 
Saxain -do innaiaba['D] -do T)omnall htla bp,iain a 

B o4o Luimniuc | T;iT,e ■FOfbaifi^'DO'Denuni poiafitj. — bean-ITIixie, 
ingen "Oonnca'Da hUi Cepbaill, ben Con-rnaiji^ hUi 
phlainn,* fiigan TiUa-'Cuifiriii 7 pefi-ti, t)0 ec. — Ingen 

A 52d Uuai'Dfii hUi ConcoBaiTi, ben [■ph]laiuhbe|XT;|ai5 hUi 
maelTDOfiai'S, -do mafibaxi vo macaiBbUi Caifella[i]n. — 
■paboji 7 Cenannuf "do -pafU5ax>* vo gliallaiB 7 t)0 TiUib- 
Ofiuin. — Miall," mac ITlic l,oclainn, "oo mayiba'D "do 
Tnuinnuefi-Oiaanain." — Lugma'D "do pafU5ax> "oo na 
SaxaiB. — Caifcel 5«^^ '5« xienam 1 Cenannuf. — In z- 

ffn. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A.D, 1176. 'o)i,baifi (pom.), A. '' — ve, B. 'Imnti (pom.), B. ^a-p— 
(p om.), A. ^fa (aphaeresis of 1), A. '^'^ om., B, C. 



' Maghnus. — He was lord of East 
Meath. The Four Masters state 
he was hanged by the Foreigners 
(English), after they had acted 
treacherously towards him (most 
likely, by seizing him at a con- 
ference) at Trim. 

8 Wasted. — This was probably 
the incursion described by Cam- 
brensis : Rothericus Tero Connac- 
tensis, Sinnenensis fluvii fluenta 
transcurrens, in manu Talida 
Mediam invasit, cunotaque ejusdem 
castra vacua reperiens atque 
deserta, usque ad ipsos Dublinise 
fines igne combusta soloque 
confracta redegit (.Exp. Hih., ii. 2). 



" Domnall. — Given iu the Annals 
of Boyle. 

In the Four Masters it is stated 
that he was treacherously slain by 
O'Foran and O'Nolan. 

1" A hosting. —Given in the Annals 
of Innisfallen and in the Annals of 
Boyle. For a characteristic des- 
cription of the capture by Cam- 
brensis, see the chapter Nobilis 
Limerici expugnatio (Exp. Eib. ii. 7). 

1176. ^TheSaxtms. — Ontheright 
hand margin, a 17th-oentury hand 
wrote in B : Anglici [expuT\si ex 
Zimertce a Domnalldo, Cambrensie, 
however, states {Exp. Eib. ii. 14) 
that, on hearing of the death of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



183 



(Gilla-Ooluim Ua Maelmhuaidh, king of Fir-cell, was 
slain.^ — Maghnus^ TJa Mael-Seachnaill was hanged by the 
Foreigners. — Meath was wasted^ from Ath-luain to Dro- 
chait-atha. — DomnalP Caemanach, [illegitimate] son of 
Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, king of Leinster [was slain]. 
— A hosting^" by the Foreigners to Limerick, so that they 
overcame it.) 



[1175] 



Kalends of Jan. on. 5th feria, 16th of the moon, a.t). [1176 Bis.] 
1176. The Saxons^ were expelled by Domnall Ua Briain 
from Limerick, by a leaguer being made against them. — 
Bean-Midhe^ daughter of Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, wife of 
Cu-maighi^ Ua Flainn, queen of Ui-Tuirtri and Fir-Li, 
died. — The daughter of Ilua,idhri Ua Conchobair, wife of 
[F]laitlibertach. Ua Maeldoraidh, was killed by the sons 
of Ua Cairella[i]n. — Fabor and Cenannus were wasted* by 
the Foreigners and by tlie Ui-Briuin. — Niall, son of Mac 
Lochlainn, was killed by Muinnter-Branain. — Lughmadh 
was wasted by the Saxons. — A castle^ of the Foreigners 



Strongbow, Raymond Le Q-ros set 
out for Dublin, having' committed 
Limerick to Donald (O'Brien), as 
baron of the Mng and received 
hostages and multiplied oaths 
respecting its safe custody and 
restitution and the preservation of 
peace. But, no sooner had the 
English left than Donald, with the 
characteristic infidelity of his 
nation, set the city on fire in four 
places ! G-iraldus took no trouble 
to enquire what motive could have 
prompted O'Brien to burn a place 
that thus peaceably reverted to his 
possession. 

^ Bean — Midhe. — Woman of Meath. 
" It was very common as the proper 
name of a woman among the 



ancient Irish, as was also Bean- 
Muman, meaning woman, or lady, 
of Munster " (O'Donovan, F.M. ui. 
24). 

^ Cu-Maighi, — Bound of the plain ; 
Cu- Midhe,— Hound of Meath. — 
Both these names were employed 
amongst the family of O'Flynn 
(O.'D. F.M:. iii. 25). 

^ Wasted. — That is, in conse- 
quence of the battles fought there- 
at between the opposing forces. 

* A castle. — The compiler of 
the Annals of Loch Ce makes this 
into "The castles of the Foreigners 
and of Cenannus were a-building" 
(Oaislen Gall ocus Cenantus ag a n- 
denum) ! The editor takes Gall for 
a local name and gravely says that 



.184 ocMNccla uLaroTi. 

lapla Sascanac no ec 1 n-CC^-cliar "do bainne aillp 
laogab ap. a coif ciaia Tni|ibuili15 b|ii5ci 7 ColuiTn-ciUe 
7 na noet^i aiaceria, ifa^ cella yiottiill. — Caifcel Slairie 1 
yiaibe 'Ricafi'D pieimerin® co n-a fltias, af a faBuf ic 
millniTi CCiyigmll 7 ht1a-m-0imiin 7 pei'i-ITli'De, -oo 
milbu'o la Triael-Seclainn, mac TDic toclainn, la 1115 
Ceneoil-Oogain 7 la Cenel-n-eogain buxiein 7 la hCCi|i- 
pallaib, "Dlj in fOTnafbaTi cec, no ni if moo, xiogballaiB, 
fie T;aeB ban 7 lenum 7 ec in caifceoil-oo majaba-D, co na 
cepna T)Uine 1 m-becai'5 apn caifcel. Ocuf laopafaijci 
cf! caifceoil 1 TYli-be layi^ nabafiac'' ap, uaman Ceniuil'^- 
eogam, iT)on, caifcel Cenannpa 7 caifcel Calaupuma 7 
caifcel^ 'Oaifie-phaciiaic. — Cu-maige hUa piamn, pi 
bUa-'Ctiprpi 7 pep-ti 7 "Oal-CCpai'De, -do mapbaxi tio 
Coin-1Tlixie, v'a bpacaip pein 7 -do "PepaiB-Li. 

(T)iapmoiT),° mac Copmaic TTlhes Cappcai^, pi T)eap- 
ttitilan, T)o gabail la a mac pein, njon, la Copmac 
lia€an.°) 

|Cal.1an. i;ii."p.'''b.xx. tiii.,OCnnoT)ominim.°c.°lxa;.° «ii.° 
'Dun-T>alec5lap -do mille'D vo hGoan^ "oo-Chuipc 7 -do na 
picepiB r:an5a'Dtip imaille pip 7 caipcel t)0 ■oenam T)0ib 
ann, apa T;ucpaT; mai-om pa X)6 pop UllcaiB 7 mai-om pop 
Cenel-n-Gojain 7 pop CCipgiallaiB, vv in pomapba'o Con- 
cobup hUa Caipell-a[i]n (i-oon," coipec Clainni- 

^ptem, — B. 'cetiel, A. ^cai-jplen, B. ''■'' aifi tiabaiaac — on tlie morrow, 
B ; followed by C. ^-^ n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D.1177. ipeon,B. "-'^blankin A. ''-t' itl., t. h. , A, B ; g lyen in C. 
there is no trace of any " castle of 



Gall" (p. 152). 

" Saxon Earl. — See O'Donovan 
{he. cit.) and Gilbert {Viceroys, 
p. 40, sq.)- 

''Alive. — Literally, in life. 

^Diarmoid. — Abridged apparent- 
ly from the Annals of Innisf alien 
{ad an.) ; which add that Cormac 



was treacherously slain and his 
father again reigned' in the same 
year. 

1177. ^Jolin De Courcy. — Accord- 
ing to Cambrensis (Exp. Hib. 
ii. 17), he marched, with 22 knights 
and 300 men, in three days through 
Heath and Oriel and, on the 
morning of the fourth day, about 
Feb. 1, entered Down : the king, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



185 



■was a-building at Cenannus, — The Saxon EarP[Stroiigbow] 
died in Ath-cliath of an ulcer lie got on his foot, through 
the miracles of Brigit and Colum-cille and the saints 
besides, whose churches he destroyed. — The castle of 
Slane, wherein was Eicard Fleming with his host, where- 
from the AirgiallaandXIi-Briuin and Fir-Midhe were being 
pillaged, was destroyed by Mael-Sechlainn, son of Mac 
Lochlainn, king of Oenel-Eogain and by the Cenel-Eogain 
themselves and by the Airgialla ; where were killed one 
hundred or more of the Foreigners, besides women and 
children and the horses of the cas'tle that were killed, so 
that no person escaped alive' out of the castle. And three 
castles in Meath were razed on the morrow for fear of the 
Cenel-Eogain, namely, the castle of Cenannus and the 
castle of Calatruim and the castle of Daire of [St.] 
Patrick. — Cu-maighi^ Ua Flainn, king of TJi-Tuirtri and 
Fir-Li and Dal- Araidhe, was killed by Cu-Midhe^, his own 
brother and by the Fir- Li. 

(Diarmoid,^ son of Cormac Mac Carrthaigh, king of 
Desmond, was taken prisoner by his own son, that is, by 
Cormac the Gray.) 



[1176] 



Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 27th of the moon, a.d. 
1177. Dun-da-lethglas was destroyed by John De Courcy^ 
and by the knights that came with him, and a castle^ was 
made by them there, wherefrom they twice^ inflicted defeat 
upon TJlidia and defeat upon Cenel-Eogain and upon 
Airgialla ; where was killed Couchobur Ua Cairella[i]n 



[1177] 



Dunlevy (who succeeded his 
brother, Roderick in the kingdom 
of Ulidia in 1171, supra), having 
taken to flight. 

2 Castle. — Exili municipio, quod 
in urbis angulo teuuiter erexerat 
{Ezp. Hib. ii. 17). 



^ Twice. — Giraldus states {be. 
cit.) that the first defeat was inflict- 
ed after the Purification (Feb. 2), 
upon a force of 10,000 ; the second, 
on the Nativity of St John (June 
24), upon 15,000. 



186 



aNMCCLCC ULCCDTl. 



'Oia|xmaT;a''), 7 ^lUa TTlac bac hlla "Donnsaile, coifec 
■peyi-'DiaoTTia 7 in -p-osonax) -do faigciB "Domnall hUa 
[ph]lai^beiiT;ai5— 7 mafiB e -do na gonaiB fin 1 t^eiclep 
phoil 1 n-CCiaD-TTlaca, 1a|^ caicim Cuifip CpifT; 7 lap. n-a 

B54d on^ax) — 7 m iiomayibaic^ maici I inroa aib'. "Dopai; "oono 
Concobti|i hUa Cai|iella[i]niaeimefin (i-oon," ifin n-epfac") 
mai-Dm poyi htia TTIael'DOiiai'D 7 pop, Cenel-Conaill, t)U in 
pomapbat) ctp Ceneoil-henna[i] 'ma^ mac liUi Sheppai^ 
7 ima^ maiuiB im-DaiB apcena. — mili-D ^ocan co n-a 
piT;ipiB T)0 bpeic vo mac Tluaropi (iDon/ TTlupca'D'') hUi 

A 63a ConcoBuip CO Uof-Comain 'do milbu'D Connacr; | ap 
ulcaib pe [a] acaip. Roloipcpec imuppa Connacua pa 
cecoip "Cuaim-Tia-suabann 7 cealla apcena in T;ipe° ap 
ulcaiB pipna ^^l-^ccib 7 cucpau maium poppna ^allu 7 
pcDicuippec ap eicin ap a cip lac. 'RoTiall "Dono Ruaixipi 
TiUa Concobmp in mac pin (TOon,* TTlupcaT)') lap pin, 1 
n-wsail in cupuip pam. — Gee's bUa 'Neill (iT)on,^ in 
macam coinlepcO) pi Cene[oi]l-eo5ain pe hexi 7 piiDomna 
epenn uile, -do mapbax) la TTlael-Seclainn, mac TTlic 
Loclamn 7 la hOCpT)5al, mac TTlic Loclainn (iDon,' mac 
■Do'n Tnael-8eclainn pm'). CCp-ogal T)ono pein -do 
mapba'D "oo htia Weill ic a mapba-o annpein. — 1n 
T;impanac., hUa Coinnecen, apiDollam 'Cuaipce[i]pT: Gpenn 

' ' •p.omaifiba'D, A. ^ im, B. <^-'= itl., t, h., A ; i-pin ejxiiac, o. m., t. h., 
B; " in the Lent," C. i-aitl., t. h., A ; muiricep,cac, itl., t. h., B ; 
" Mnrtagh," 0. "= (cealla oficena in cip,e) 130 milliu-o — [moreover, the 
churches of the territory) were (lit., to be') despoiled, added, B ; followed by C. 
The fatal objection to this reading is the introduction of an Infinitive 
between two Indicatives, ffith, n. t. h., A; om., B, C. s-sl. m., t. h., 
A ; om., B, C. 



* Milo Cogan, etc. — In the Bxp. 
Sib. (ii. 19) no mention is made of 
Murchadh O'Conor. De Cogan is 
said to have had 40 knights and 
500 men. The Connaughtmen 
burned cities, towns, churches and 



such provisions as they were un- 
able to conceal. They likewise 
cast down crucifixes and images 
of Saints in presence of the enemy. 
The invaiding force advanced as 
far as Tuam. There it remained 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



187 



(namely, cbief of Clann-Diarmata) and GlUa Mac Llac TJa 
Donngaille, chief of Fir-Droma, and wherein was wounded 
with arrows Domnall TJa [FJlaithbertaigh — and he died 
of those wounds in the monastery [of Canons Regular] 
of Paul [and Peter] in Ard-Macha, after partaking of the 
Body of Christ and after his anointing — and wherein 
were killed many other nobles. Now, Conchobur TJa 
Cairella[i]n before that (namely, in the Spring) inflicted 
defeat upon the Cenel-Eogain and upon TJa Maeldoraidh ; 
where a great number of the Cenel-Eogain were killed, 
around the son of Mac Sherraigh and around many nobles 
besides. — Milo Cogan* with his knights was taken by the 
son of Euaidhri (namely, Murchadh) TJa Conchobhuir to 
Pos-Gomain to destroy Connacht, for evil^ towards his 
father. The Connachtmen, however, immediately burned 
Tuaim-da-gualann and the churches of the country besides, 
for eviP towards the Foreigners and they inflicted defeat 
upon the Foreigners and drove them by force out of the 
country. Moreover, Ruaidhri TJa Conchobuir blinded that 
son (namely, Murchadh) afterwards, in revenge of that 
expedition. — Aedh TJa Neill (namely, " The lazy youth""), 
king of Cenel-Eogain for a time and royal heir of all Ire- 
land, was killed by Mael-Sechlainn, son of Mac Lochlainn 
and by Ardgal, son of Mac Lochlainn (that is, son to that 
Mael-Sechlainn). But Ardgal himself was killed by TJa 
Neill at his [TJa JSTeill] being killed there. — The Timpanist' 
TJa Coinnecen, arch-ollam of the North of Ireland, was 



[1177] 



eight days; but, finding the land 
void of suBtenanoe, returned to the 
Shannon. In a wood close by the 
river, King Roderick -was entoun. 
tered at the head of three large 
armies. A fierce conflict ensued. 
The English lost three, sle-w many 
of the enemy and escaped safe to 
Dublin 1 Credat Judaens. 



^ Evil. — Plural in the original. 

^ Lazy youth. — So called, doubt- 
less, by antiphrasis. 

' Timpanist. — For the Timpanist, 
see O'Cnrry (Manners anil Customs, 
etc., iii. 364 sq.) For the stringed 
instrument, the Timpan, see ib., 
359 sq., and i dxxviii — ix. 

n2 



188 



ccMNocla ularoTi. 



-DO majiba'D x>o Chenel-Coriaill co n-a mnai 7 co n-a 
mumiTCep..— Sltio^a'D la heoan^ -Do-Cuip-c 7 lafnarnciyxiB 
1 n-T)al-CCiiai-De, (7' gu T)un-T)a-lec5lar'), v'axima\ihya-c 
T)oiTinaU, mac mic Cacufaig, fii "Dal-CCp.aiTie. "Cainic 
"Dono liGoan^ -Do'n cujxuf cecna 1 n-ht1ib-'Ctii|iT;fii 7 1 
12ei^ail5-li, co laot-oifc Cu-mi-De htia piain-D CCip,ueari- 
TTlaigi iieiiTie 7 co jioloifcfec Ciiil-iaacain 7 cealla im'oa 
eile. Mmll hUa ^ailmfie-Dais, \u peia-Tnaigi-lua 7 
C1ieTieoil-enna[i], TDOTnapbaxi -do T)OTinca-D htia Chairiel- 
la[i]n 7 -DO Clainn-T)iaiamat;a, a^i laj^ T)aipe Coltiim- 
cille 7 uec* -DO lofca-o aip, ann, co uainig ay amac, co 
1ioma|iba'D 1 n-TJOfiUf in caigi. T)0]-ioine -Dono TDonncaTi 
TiUa CaiiaeUa[i]n/ coifec Clainni-TDiaiamara, fiu |ie 
Colum-cille 7 fie ITIuiTinceyi T)aiiae annfem cayi a cenn 
"pein 7 a mic 7 a oa ; i-oon/' [a] maincene pein cfiia bicu 
7 a meic 7 a oa 7 a la^amoa co bjaau ■00'' Colum-cille 7 
"DO mhuinnueii T)aiiie 7 baile-biacaig 1^ pafi|iaTi T)om- 
nai^-moip.. Ocuf 171 ac-pi abac, I'oon, cofin if pejafi ■do'' 
boi 1 n-epinn, "do t^abaijic -do inhuinnceiaT)aip,e 1® n-gilb 
■p.6 cfii pi&ib bo. Ocuf cec tio "Denum no'ri cleij^nic, ipa 
B 60a t;ecfio|loifceTi foix Ua n-^aiiamlexiai^^ 7 a cyio'D uile -do 
ic piaif T)on60c ]xo loipcfe-c imi. Clanii-T)iapmaua 
imui^lia aficeria'DO ■oenum -pica cap a cenn pein. 

(Uniianuip' Caia-omalif tienit; in tlibefiniam. Genu's 
cLeiaeac epin-o 1 nT)-CCc-clia^ cum tliuiano. — Concubayi 

■•ceac, A. 5_,Uari,B. ^a,A. '■oi„.,B. ^n-'SailtTi— , B. h* 7 a 
layimoa 7 a mainceine pein cyiia bicu ■do — and of his posterity and his own 
monastic service for ever to, B ; wliicli C follows. '■ n. t. h., A ; om.>. 
B, C. 



8 This expedition ia not mem- 
tioned by Cambrensis. 

' Monastic service . — For the 
mainchine, or Monastic Service, see 
the Senchas Mor (Brehon Laws, 
iii. 36, 68). 

1" Ballybeiaqh. — That is, townland 



of a Biatach (one who held his 
land on condition of supplying food 
(biad) to those billeted upon him 
by the chief ). " A B allybetagh was 
the thirtieth part of a triocha cead, 
or barony. It contained four 
quarters, or seisreaghs, each sies- 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



189 



killed by tlie Cenel-Conaill with his wifeand with hispeople. 
— A hosting^ by John De Courcy and by the knights into 
Dal-Araidhe (and to [rede, from] Dun-da-lethlas), on 
•which they killed Domnall, grandson of Catbusach [Mac 
Duinnsleibhe TJa Eochadha], king of Dal-Araidhe. More- 
over, John went during the same expedition into TJi-Tuirtri 
and into Fir-Li, umil Cu-Midhe TJa Plainn burned 
Airthir-Maighi before him and they [John's forces] 
burned Cuil-rathain and many other churches. — Niall TJa 
Gailmredhaigh, king of the Men of Magh-Itha and of 
Cenel-Ennai, was killed by Donnchadh TJa Cairella[i]n and 
by the Clann-Diarmata, in the centre of Daire of Colum- 
cille : and [it happened thus :] a house was burned upon him 
there, so that he came out from it [and] was killed at the 
door of the house. However, Donnchadh TJa Cairella[i]n, 
chief of Clann-Diarmata, made peace with Colum-cille and 
with the Community of Daire then, on behalf of himself 
and his son and his grand sons, — -to wit, the monastic 
service® of himself for ever and of his son and of his 
grandsons and of his posterity to doom unto Colum-cille 
and unto the Community of Daire and [to give] a bally- 
betagy in the neighbourhood of Domnach-mor. And 
" The Gray Son," that is, the best goblet that was in 
Ireland, was given to the Community of Daire, in pledge 
for three score cows. And [he agreed] to make a house for 
the cleric whose house was burned upon TJa Gairmledhaigh 
and to pay him all the chattel that they burned about 
him. The Clann-Diarmata also made peace on their 
own behalf. 

(CardinaP^ Vivianus^^ came into Ireland. ASynod'^^of 
the clergy of Ireland along with Vivianus. — Conchubar^i 



[1177] 



reagh eontaining 120 acres of the 
large, Irish measure " (O'Donovan, 
F.M. iii. 27) . 

1' Cardinal ; Conchnbar, — Given 



in the Annals of Boyle, with the 
father's name omitted from the 
second entry. 

^^ Vivianus. — Cardinal priest of 



190 



ccMMalcc ularoh. 



ITlaentYiai'De tio gaBail la crcaip, itdoii, la Ruaigpi hUa 
ConcoBai]!.') 

ICal. Ian. i.'p.,' I. ix., CCnno "DoTnini TTl." c.° hex." uiii.° 
17)011, cec blia-oain noi'oecr;a[i]. Concobtiji, mac 
A 63b Conallaig hUi Luinig, vo galSail coliipigecca Ceniuil- 
iriaien^ 7 T)omnall, mac "Domriaill hUi ^ailmyie'Dai^, 
X)0 innafiba[^] a TTluis-hlra i^ n-1nif-n-eo5ain "oocum 
'Oonnca'Da hUi "Ouib-oijima. Cenel-TTlaien imuifiyio ifin 
blia'oain cecria, I'oon, i ciiin oen |iaici, vo tienam accoifig 
"00 mac Conallaig 7 tdo cabaijxt: coifigecca "do "Domnall, 
mac "domnaill- — IDuinnuep 'Domnaill hUi ^ailm- 
yxe-Dais, i-oon, mac ^ille-caic hUa n-GiDeiala 7 hUa 
[■pb]lanTiaca[i]n, t)0 mayiba-D mic Conallaig hUi Luinig, 
ayi lajx 7:151 'Domriaill hUi ^ailmjfie^aic, i meBail 7 
haipcirinec na hefiriaTOe* Ttlapoen \itf ic a comaijice. 
CCccoifec T)ono vo Tienum vo 'DomnallhUa^ctilmiae'Daig 
7 Cenel-TTlaieTi vo cabaiyic coifigecca "oo HuaTOp hUa 
[phjlaicbeficai^. TTlebol irnufifio -do Tieiium "oo npi 
macaiB hUi [pb]laiubeia7;ai5 poyi Cenel-TTloeti 7 -do 
Clairln "Domnaill afxcena. T)omnall -Dono, mac "Dom- 
naill hUi 5ailm|ieT)ai5, vo maiabatp inncifTOe" 7 
■Ciseianan, mac Rognaill mic 'Oomnaill 7 occup 
lanbiacac -do mai^ib Cene[oi]l-Tinoen mafioen* pu. — Tlag- 

A.D: 1178. 'Ceneol-TTlaiean, A. "a, A; '— naigi, B. *a-p,oen,B. 
•-•Wank space, A. 1= ipn tneBoil -p'ti — in that treachery, B ; " in that 
murther," C (following B). 



St. Stephen on the Coelian Mount 
and Papal Legate. Hoveden (in 
agreement with Benedict of Peter- 
borough) states that he spent the 
Christmas of 1176 in Man with 
Gruthred, the king. After the 
Epiphany he set sail for Ireland 
and landed at Down. On his way 
thence, along the coast, to Dublin, 



he was arrested by the army of De 
Conrcy (^nd apparently brought 
back to Down). John, however, 
allowed him to proceed and, at his 
request, liberated the bishop of 
Down, who had been taken 
prisoner in the first battle of 
Down. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



191 



Maenmhaidhe was taken prisoner by his father, namely [1 177] 
by Euaighri TJa Conchobhair.) 



Ealends of Jan. on 1st feria, 9th of the moon, a.d. 
1178. Ifamely, the 1st year^ of the DecemnoTennal 
[Cycle]. Conchobur, son of Conallach Ua Luinigh, took 
the chieftaincy of Cenel-Maien and Domnall, son of Dom- 
nall Ua Gailmredhaigh, was expelled from Magh-Itha 
into Inis-Eogain, to Donnchadh TJa Duibdirma. The 
Cenel-Maien, however, in the same year, namely, before 
the end of one quarter, deposed the son of Conallach and 
gave the chieftaincy to Domnall, son of Domnall. — The 
people of Domnall Ua Grailmredhaigh, that is, the son of 
"the blind gillie" Ua Eiderla and Ua [F]lannacain, 
killed the son of Conallach Ua Luinigh in the centre of 
the house of Domnall Ua Gailmredhaigh, in treachery and 
the herenagh of the Ernaidhe [was] with him, protecting 
him. However, DomnaU Ua Gailmredhaigh was deposed 
and Cenel-Maien gave the chieftainship to Euaidhri Ua 
[FJlaithbertaigh. Nevertheless, a treacherous attack was 
made by the three sons of Ua [F]laithbertagh and the 
Clann-Domnall also upon the Cenel-Moien. Howbeit, 
Domnall, son of Domnall Ua Gailmredhaigh, was killed 
in that same [attack] and Tighernan, son of Eaghnall, son 
of Domnall [was killed] and eight full biatachs of the 
nobles of Cenel-Moien along with them [were killed]. — 



[1178] 



^^A Synod. — Of bishops, held in 
Dublin, according to Cambrensis 
(Exp. Hib. ii. 11). The Legate (ib.) 
proclaimed the right of the English 
king over Ireland and the papal 
confirmation thereof, and com- 
manded clergy and laity to submit, 
under threat of anathema. And, 
it being customary (in time of war) 
for the Irish to carry provisions 



for safety to churches, he em- 
powered an English expeditionary 
force, when victuals were not 
otherwise obtainable, to extract 
those found in churches, on pay- 
ment of a fair price ! 

1178. ^Isiyean— TheEpact, ix., 
sufficiently denoted the initial year 
of the Decemnovennal Cycle. 



192 



ttMNCCLCC ULCTDTI. 



nail, mac Gcma|icai5 hUi Cbaca[i]n, tio maixba'D no Cenel- 
maia[i]n i uo^ac in c-f arfiiiai'o fin. Conat) i n-a -oigail 
f iTie X)0)aocaiiT, ^alac hUa luinni'g 7 muijiceyi-cac hUa 
Peat;a[i]Ti 7 if 'n-a 1)15011 -ooiaonaxi inebol Clainni-"Oorri- 
naill, po|i Cenel-TYloen. — Ifin^ bliaxiain fin "oono (:;ainic 
niof.5aiu axibuil, co f.ouf.afcaifi bloT>* Tiep-maif vo 
caillciB 7 T)o f ixibax)aiB 7 do fiailgiBi T)irti6paib pop.^ Idf 
7 fOf'^ lancalmain. Rocfafcaifi" 'Dono fe^ ficit;^ ]aalac, 
uel paulo pltif, 1 n-T)aif,e CoUiini-cil[l]e. — If*^ inncifin'' 
TDono t;a:inic hGoan co n-a fiicifiB T)hun ap, cfieca-D co- 
TTlachaife-Conaille, co n-T)efnfac° aiyigri ann° 7 cofab- 
B 66b ctcup ai-Dci illonjpofc® 1 n-'5lin'D-||ii5i. 'Cdiniciintiififo^"' 
THufca-D hUa Cef baill, f,i CCifgiall 7 ITlac "OuinnfleiBe) 
fi UUcD, cu' n-t1ll^aiB' cucu^^ in aiTice fin 7 cucfor; 
T;aelca-D "doiB. Uonnebai-o "oono fOf ^'^llaib 7 focuife'D 
"Dep^df. foffu- 'Cdmic iDono m c-8eoan cerna ap. cfecait) 
1 n-'Dal-n-CCf.ai'De 7 1 n-hUib-'Cuificpi. TJuc -oano 
Cu-inif(e hUa piainT), fi hUa-'Cuif7;pi 7 pef-b', 
railcac "DOiB. 11017101-0 T)ono m cac fin pop ^^cllaiB 7 
focuipex) a n-dp.- 

(OCmmuf^ Cualgni la htllca 7 la pallet pop. Sean t)0- 
Cuipci.^ — ^illa-Cpifc" hUa heo-oaij, epifcopup Con- 
niaicne, quieuic. — CCnilaib bUa 'Domnalla[i]n, ollam 
Connacc, quieuir.'') 

^if (in om.), A. ^byiO'D'o, A. 'vit.i — against, "B. ^.ui. ococ.ic, A, B. 
^The il is om., probably from OTersight, A. "■oono, B. "cucf, B; i.e., 
q=cti, by an absurd scribal ailectation of Latin. = Co (yiocjiafcai|i.) — 
So that {it prostrated), B. ^'^Ifin bliaTiain fin — in that year, B ; "in that 
same yeare," C. "==00 yiomiigfec tnuinnce|ia inroa — "that they spoy led 
many people [territories]," B and C respectively, ^-^om., B, C. ee n. t. h., 
A ; om., B, 0. i"" f. m., u. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 



\JKa(fe an onset upon them. — Lite- 
rally, gave an onset to them. 

^Defeat was inflicted. — This is 
the fourth battle of Cambrensis. 
Quartum apud Uriel (Oirghialla), 
ubi multi quoque suorum inter- 



empti et alii in fugam conversi 
(Exp. Bib. ii. 17). 

* Fir-Li. — Cambrensis errone- 
ously makes this the third battle. 
Tertium erat apud Ferli, praedae 
oaptione, ubi, ob arotum viae 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



193 



Raghnall, son of Echmarcacli Ua Catha[i]n, was killed by 
the Cenel-Maien in the beginning of that summer. So, 
*in revenge of that, fell Galach TJa Luinigh and Muircertach 
Ua Peatain and it is in revenge of it the treacherous 
attack of the sons of Domnall was made upon the Cenel- 
Moien.- — It is in that year also there came a wonderful, 
violent wind which prostrated a very large portion of 
woods and forests and very great oaks full flat on the 
ground. It prostrated also six score oaks, or a little 
more, in Daire of Colum-cille. — It is in that year 
likewise went John [De Courcy], with his knights, 
pillaging from Dun to the Plain of Conaille, so 
that they took many preys therein and were a night in 
camp in Glenn-righi. Howbeit, Murchadh Ua Cerbaill, 
king of Airgialla, and Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] , 
king of Ulidia, with the Ulidians came up with them that 
night and made an onset upon them.^ Thereupon defeat 
was inflicted^ upon the Foreigners and stark slaughter was 
put upon them. The same John, notwithstanding, went 
for preys into Dal-Araidhe and into Ui-Tuirtri. But 
Cu-Midhe Ua Plainn, king of Ui-Tuirtri and Fir Li*, 
made an onset upon them^. That battle also went against 
the Foreigners and slaughter of them was inflicted. 

(The attack of Cualnge^ [was gained] by Ulidians and 
by Foreigners over John De Courcy.— Gilla-Crist^ Ua 
hEodhaigh, bishop of Conmaicni [Ardagh], rested. — ■ 
Amhlaibh^ Ua Domnalla[i]n, oUam of Connacht, rested.) 



[1178] 



transitum, . . ^ sio pars Johannis 
viota suooubuit, aliia interemptis, 
aliis per nemorosa diepersis, ut 
yix Jolianni undecim . milites 
superstites adhsesissent. Ipse vero 
. . . per triginta stadia se ab 
hostili multitudine continue defen- 
dendo, equis atniasis, usque ad 
castrura suum, duobus diebus et 



noctibus jejuni, armati, pedites, 
miro oonatu niemoriaque dignissi- 
mo, evasernnt. 

^Attack of Cualgne. — This is the 
first defeat mentioned in the final 
original entry of the present year. 

^ Gilla-Crist ; Amlaibh. — Given in 
Annals of Boyle ; the second is in 
the Four Masters also. 



194 



CCNMalCC UlCCDll. 



A53o jccd. 1an. n.^p.^l. ccac., CCnno T)omini m.°c.°lxi;.°ix.° 
lT)on, [in] "D-aiaa bliax>ain "oo Noi'Dec'Da, in" cpep bliaT>ain 
•poia0ifex.''8i'D 'ooxienimi 'Do"Ohonnca'D hUaCaiiiella[i]n 
7 T)o Clainn-T)iaiannaua uile ^le Cenel-THoien-' 7 \i\ hUa 
n''5ailm|\e'Sai|,i'Don,p,i hCCmlaim, macTnenma[i]n,^i'Don, 
"oeiibfiacaifi mna T)onncaxia htli Caiiaella[i]n, a]i lap 
cempaill CCyi'Da-fiiaca, ima minnailS "Oomnais-moip 7 
na hGi^naixii 7 CCiaT)a-f|riaua. htla ^ailmfiexiais T)ono 
"DO t;aiT)ecc ifin Loo^ qa nabafiac 'oo gabail t;uiIIix) flan* 
CO T;ec X)onTica-Da bUi Caifella[i]n. TTlebol dinpial -do 
Tjenum pof^ lap in aipecca 1 n-'DOfUf caigi hUi Caipil- 
la[i]n, 1 piaTinu[i]re a -oeiibfecafi pein,'^ it)on, mna 
"Donncaxia: iDon, T;fiiaiT. "o'a muinnT;eiT. "oo maiiba-D 
mai^oen fif "pem, iDon, Cinaec, mac CCip-c (it)on, 
lanbia'cac)htlibt^aca[i]n7mac5illa-C|iifcmicCoifimaic, 
mic 1R,eoT)a[i]n, iDon, Tieiabcoriialca -do T)onnca'D hUa 
Caipella[i]n. — CCfi'D-TTl aca "oo lopca'S ex maiojai^ papue : 
iTion, na huile peiclefa 7 in[n]a huile cempaill fio- 
bacaiT." ann, uile "oo lofcaxi/ cenmoca ^leiclep bpigci 7 
cempoll na pepca. — hUa ■Ruafiaca[i]n, i^i hUa-n-Gcac, 
•DO ec "DO galap qai n-aTOce lap. n-a innap,ba['D] 7 iai;i 
pafiugU'D Canoine paupaic -do gap poime- — Cealla'Cbipe- 
heogam Shleib paxiep -do polmusuxi T:pia cocaxi 7 cpia 
-Docmaoaix) ipin bliaxiam pin. — 5iUa-"Oomnai5 hUa 
'Papanna[i]n/ aiiacmnec CCp-aa-ppoca 7 ITlael-TYluipe, 

A.D. 1179. i-TTlaiati, A. "ITIenmraen, E. Hoa, A. *lati (p om.), 
A. ^a\i—on,B. "mmorie.B. ''Pori— ,B. "'i' blank space, A. "-"om., 
A. " 'Dono — inileed — added, B. " om., A ; C foUo-ws B. "■" om., B, 0. 



1179. ^ Inhospitable. — assembly. — 
" A filthy murtlier committed in 
midest of the congregacion, " C. 

^ Three. — Himself, perhaps, and 
the two here mentioned. 

3 Church of the relics. — This 
church is twice mentioned in 
the Book of Armagh. First, in 



connexion with the donation of 
the place by Daire to St. Patrick. 
Dedit [Daire] illi [Patricio] locum 
alium in inferior! terra, ubi nunc 
est Fertae Marti/rum [shrine of the 
relics] iuxta Ardd-Machae (Pol. 6d). 
Secondly, in connexion with the 
Sunday procession : iaAlto-Machae 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. I95 

Kalends of Jan. on 2n(i feria, 20th of the moon, a.d. [1179] 
1179. Namely, the 2nd of the Decemnovennal [Cycle], the 
3rd year above a Bissextile. Peace was made by Donn- 
chadh TJa Cairella[i]n and by all Clann-Diarmata with the 
Cenel-Moien and TJa Galmredhaigh: namely, with Amlaim, 
son of Menman, that is the brother of the wife of 
Donnchadh Ua Cairilla[i]n, in the centre of the 
church of Ard-sratha, upon the relics of Domnach-mor 
and of the Ernaidhe and of Ard'sratha. Thereupon Ua 
Grailmredhaigh came on the morrow, to receive additional 
sureties, to the house of Donnchadh Ua Cairilla[i]n. In- 
hospitable treachery'^ was committed in the midst of the 
assembly,^ at the door of the house of Ua Cairilla[i]n, in 
the presence of his [Amlaim's] own sister, namely, the 
wife of Donnchadh : that is, three^ of his [Amlaim's] 
people were killed along with himself, namely, Cinaeth 
(that is, a full Biatach), son of Art Ua Braca[i]n 
and the son of Gilla- Crist, son of Cormac Mac 
Reodain, to wit, the very foster-brother to Donnchadh 
Ua Cairella[i]n. — Ard-Macha was burned for the greater 
part : that is, all the houses of Canons Regular and all the 
churches that were in it, all were burned, save the house 
of the Canons Regular of Brigit and the church of the 
Relics.* — Ua Ruadhacain, king of Ui-Echach, died 
after three nights' illness, after his expulsion and after his 
profanation* of the Canon of Patrick a short time before. 
— The churches of Tir-Eogain from the mountain south- 
wards were desolated through war and through dearth in 
that year. — G-illa-Domnaigh^ Ua Faranna[i]n, herenagh of 



ad Sargifagum Martyrum (glossed 
on the margin du ferti martur — to 
the shrine [lit. grave] of the relics) 
adeundum ab eoque revertendum 
(Fol. 21d). 

* Profanation. — This took place, 
probably, by breaking an engage- 



ment ratified by oath on the Book 
of Armagh, anciently called the 
Canon of Patrick. 

^ Gilltt-Domnaigh, — Devotee of 
Sunday ; i.e., one zealous for the 
observance of that day. 



196 



aiiNaloc tila'Dli. 



B5oc[Bi3.] 



AS3d 



mac ^illa-Cumain, fecnap in baile cecna[i], in Chiaif-o 
quietieiiunc. — Colman" htla 8cannla[i]n, aiiacinneac 
Cluane, niop.T:u[u]f eye." — Cluane^ 7 CCp.'D-fiacrGa 7 
"Domnac-mofi 7 iti[Ti] (Xip.nait)e vo polmugU'D -do* pejaailS 
inuip-lua. — Noenenac," inac in -pifileigmn, tia "Couait), 
T;oifec Clainne-pingiTi 7 a n-aiiacinnec aiacena 7 a 
comuiifilec, nioia7:u[u]f efu." 

(Ro^nall/ mac TTlic Ragnaill, coifeac TTlaincipi- 
hGolaif, occifiif epc — 'Ctiacal hUa Connaccai^, 
epifcopuf 'Chiiai-bpiuin, quieuic. — 8neacca namtipehoc 
anno.*) 

|Cal. Ian. 111." p-," I. 1., CCnno "Domini m° c° lxxx° 
^lUa-in-CoimDexi^ Titla^ Caiia[i]n, comapba pacp.aic, vo 
ec. — 1Tlac 'Neill htla Coema[i]n "do mai^bax) ■do 
"Ohonncat) TTlac Cacmail 7 a mapba-B pem ann. — 
Ro^nall htla Caipella[i]n tdo mapbax) "do Cenel-TYloen 
1^ n-einec Coluim-cille ap' lap T)aip6.'' — TTlac CCin-oilip 
TiUi T)ocupcai5 "DO m|apba'b -do mac Tna5n«p[a] htli 
CeUaca[i]n.'' — TTIac-Cpai^ hUa Tlaigpi, aipcinnec 
"Oaipe, "DO ec. — "Oonnca-b bUa Caipelba[i]n "do mapbaxi 
T>o Ceneol-ConaillT:piamipbiiilColuim-cille. — CCmTiilep 
htla "OocapT^aig -do ec 1 n-"Oaipe Cobuim-cille. 

(Cac* na ConcuBap, iT)on, Concubap Tnaenmuix)e, mac 

8— no, B. " o—iy, B. « n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1180. 1 CoinTDej, B. ^0, A. "a, A. =-'' blank space, A 
^-^ ova., A; " in the middest of Dyry," C. "-"om., B, C, 



^Magh-Jtha. — C adds: " aud 
O'Moltoray [Ua Maeldoraidh] at 
Dramchey [Drumcliabh, Drum- 
cliff]. They burnt Esdara th- 
roughly and turned againe to Con- 
aght ; ttey went into their houldings. 
Conaght and Mounstermen sett 
uppon them and killed most of 
them and the Galls [Foreigners, 



i.e. English] left the countryforcibly 
■with some bickering. — And O'Cuin's 
daughter, queen of Mounster, 
pylgrimaging at Dyry [Derry], 
dyed, with overcoming the divell 
and the world. ' 

The original of the foregoing is 
the conclusion of 1188. Magh-Itha 
is the last word on B 55b. The 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



197 



Ard-sratta and Mael-Muire, son of Q-illa-Cumain, vice- [jiyg] 
abbot of the same place, rested in Christ. — Colman Ua 
Scanla[i]n, herenagh of Cluain [-TJmha], died. — Cluane 
and Ard-sratha and Domnach-mor and the Ernaidhe were 
desolated by the Men of Magh-Itha.*' — Noenenach Ua 
Touaid, son of the Lector, chief of the Clann-¥inghin and 
their herenagh besides and their counsellor, died. 

(Raghnall, son of Mac Raghnaill, chief of Muinnter- 
Eolais, was slain. — Tuathal'^ Ua Connachtaigh, bishop of 
Tir-Briuin [Enaghdune], rested. — "The snow of the 
destruction " * [fell] this year). 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 1st of the moon, a,d. [1180 Bis.] 
1180. Gilla-ii;-Coimdedy Ua Cara[i]n, successor of Patrick, 
died. — The son of Niall Ua Coema[i]n was killed by 
Donnchadh Mac Cathmail and [Donuchadh] himself was 
killed therein.^ — Raghnall Ua Cairella[i]n was killed by 
the Cenel-Maien in the centre of Daire, in reparation to 
Oolum-cille.^ — The son of Aindiles Ua Dochurtaigh was 
killed by the son of Maghnus Ua Cellaca[i]n. — Mac- 
Craith Ua Daighri, herenagh* of Daire, died. — Donnchadh 
Ua CaireUa[i]n was killed by the Cenel-Eogain through 
miracle of Colum-cille. — Aindiles Ua Dochartaigh died in 
Daire of Oolum-cille. 

(The battle^ of the Conchubhars : namely, Conchubhar 



translator turned nver two folios 
and began witli 56o. " Houldings" 
arose from mistaking the local 
name Segdais for tegdais. " Some 
bickering" is also wrong. 



' Tuathal.- 
Masters. 



-Griven in the Sour 



^ Of the, destruction. — Cf. perdi- 
disti— )-o muris (L. B. 43b). The 
reading in the Annals of Boyle is 
no nemi (O'Conor's n anemi) — of the 
venom. The snow was doubtless so 



called from the great loss of life and 
property caused thereby. 

1180. 1 Gilla-in- Coimdedh. — De- 
votee of the Lord. 

^ Therein. — That is, in the act of 
slaying. 

^ In reparation to Colum-cille. — 
"Being uppon Columkill's proteo 
cion ! " C. 

^Herenagh, etc. — " Archdeane of 
Dyry, kylled," 0. 

^The battle. — Abridged appar- 
ently from the Annals of Boyle. 



198 CCMMCCLCC ULoTD!!. 

Ruaistii hUi Choncubmp 7 Concobuti liUa Ceallaig, 7)U 
1 coificaiia Coficobup. hUa Ceallail 7 a mac, it)on, 'Ca'Dj 
7 a T)eifibpacaiia, tdoii, T)ia|\muiT) 7 mac T)ia]amoT)a, iT)on, 
TTlael-Seaclainn 7 mac TaTOg hUi Coticobui|i, iDon, 
cbamuiTi. — '^lUa-Cp.ifc, mac TTlic Capfitiamna, caiyec 
TTluiTinciifii TYlail-Shinng, occipuf efc") 

ICal. Ian. u." p.," I. xn., CCnno T)omini m.° c." lxxx.° 1.° 
Gee's TTlac TTluiricaxia, pigcoivec TTluinntieiai-biiin 7 
CCiyi^ep, 7 in 'Cpica-cec, -do map.bax) "oo TTlac Tnacgamna 
1 mebail aiy^ecca. — Ifin*" bliaxiain fi -Dono" iiobyiif" 
piaicbeyicac liUa TTlael'Dopai'6, iT)on, fii Ceneoit-ConailV 
cab ipoyt macaib ifiig Connacc, I'Don, T)ia-8acaip.n 
Cengci^iip 7'' ^aomaiaba'D imopfio" ye^ meic p.15 'Dec 'do 
macai15 jiig Connacc ann° 7 -Depgdp, Connacc apcena. — 
Slogax) la "Oomnall, mac CCe'oa hUi Loclainn 7 La 
Cenet-n -60501 n TJolca-oac 1 n-tllcai15 7 'Dobjaife'oup, coc 
a\i tlLluaib 7 ap, htlib-'Cuiiiciai 7 ap. pepai15-Li um* 
TluaTopi TTlac "Ouinnpleibe 71m Coin-TTli'DehlJlaphlaint). 
— Cpeac* mofi la pepaib TTlaigi-hlca im Caca[i]n 
I'Don, eSmapcac 7 Cenel-m-Oinni^ ^Imne, co n-'Decatiup 
t;aifi "Cuaim 7 coti'aipgfecap phifiu-ti 7 bUa-'Cuipcyii 7 
ju puspacup ilmile 'do buaiB.'' — T^omalcac hUa Con- 
cobaifi -00 gaBail comufibu[i]f pacfiaic 7 co n-'oep.na'b* 
cuaipT: Ceneoil-eogain leif," co p-tic cuaific moip'' 7 co 
cue bennaccain i:api15.' 

^■■i n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C. 

A.D. H81. 'Cenel— . A. ^.v':.,A,B. »im, B. 'n-'oetiTiai'D— 
he made, B. «■■* blank space, A. " om., B^ 0. =T)Ono — indeed— added, 
B. ■* ■Du in — a place in which, B ; followed by C. ' om. (being unne- 
cessary, in consequence of tlie reading in tbe preceding note), B, C. ' om. , 
B, C. 



* Gilla- Crist. — G-iven in the Annals 
of Boyle. Tbe two additional entries 
are reproduced in tbe Four Masters. 

1181. ' Cantred, — In the original, 



Tricha-cet: for wbicb see 1106, note 
4; 1177, note 10. 
^Battle. — For a fuller account, 
I see tbe Annals of Loch Ce (ad. an.). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



199 



Maenmliuidhe, son of Euaigliri Fa Conchubair and Con- 
chobur Ua Ceallaigh, wherein fell Concbobuir TJa Ceallaigb 
and bis son, tbat is, Tadg and bis brother, namely, Diar- 
muid and the son of Diarmuid, namely, Mael-Sechlainn 
and the son of Tadg Ua Cboncbobuir, that is, the son-in- 
law. — Gilla-Crist,® son of Mac Carrdamna, chief of Muinn- 
ter-Mail-Sinna, was slain.) 



[1180] 



Kalends of Jan. on 5tb feria, 12th of the moon, a.d. 
1181. Aedh Mac Murchadba, royal chief of Muinnter- 
Birn and the Airthir and the Cantred,i was killed by Mac 
Mathgamna in treachery, at a meeting. — In this year also 
Flaithbertach Ua Maeldoraidh, namely, king of Cenel- 
Conaill, gained a battle^ upon the sons of the kings of Con- 
nacht, that is, on the Saturday of Pentecost [May 23] and 
there were killed indeed sixteen sons of kings of the sons 
of kings of Oonnacht and [there was] stark slaughter of 
Connacht besides. — A hosting by Domnall, son of Aedh 
Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc into 
Ulidia and they gained a battle over the Ulidians and over 
Ui-Tuirtri and over Fir-Li, around iluaidhri Mac Duinn- 
sleibhe [UaEochadha] and around Cu-Madhe UaFlainn. — 
A great foray by the Men of Magh-Itha around O'Cathain, 
namely, Echmarcach and by the Cenel-Binnigh of the 
Glenn, until they went past Tuaim [on the Bann] and 
harried Fir-Li and Ui-Tuirtri and took away many 
thousands of cows. — -Tomaltach Ua Conchobair assumed 
the succession of Patrick* and the circuit of Oenel-Eogain 
was made by him, so that he took away large circuit 
[cess] and gave a blessing to them. 



[1181] 



The Annals of InnUfallen merely 
say : " A battle between the Con- 
naohtmen and Cenel-Eogain ; " the 
Annals of Boyle, with still greater 



brevity : " the battle of the royal- 
heirs." 

^Succession ofPatriclc. — That is, 
he was made archbishop of Armagh, 



200 



CCNNalCC UlCCOT). 



("Oomnall^ htla CeinneTOig, pi tl|i-1Tluman, occirtif 
[eft;]. — 'DoniifleiBe ^cf^P"' T^' Sleibe-tugu, occifUf 
[eft;]. — "0017111011 htla Concenainn, fi hUa-ii-T)iafmat;a, 
occifUf [eft:]. — CCcan htla pallaifiain, t;aifec CLainni- 
Ua'Dac, moficuf.— Ca;c nafi5t)omna, "du i copcfcroaf, va 
mac 'CoiffDelbaig htli Concobaip,, i-oon, bfian Luisnec 
7 Tnagnuf 7 t;fi meic CCefia, mic 'CoiffDelbaig 1J[i] 
CoTicobuif, TOon, mael-Secnaill 7 TTltiifecac 7 Tlluif- 
ceft;ac eu cerejii.') 

jCaLlan. tiT- f".,l. ccx. 111., anno "Domini m.°c.°l.axcx.°ii.° 
Sluagaxt la T)oninall hUa Loclamn co Dun-mbo 1 n- 
■Dal fiacai 7 cac do cabaifc do" vo ^bccllaib annfem 
7 maiDm f0f° Cenel-n-eogam 7 TlasnalL bfeiflen vo 
mafbax) ann 7 ^ilba-Cfifc Caua[i]n vo^ mafbaxi ann"* 
eu alii mulci. Ocuf Sofcela Tllafcain do bf[e]ic do 
^ballctib leo- 

("Oonnnall" blla htlallaca[i]n, afDepfcop TTluman, 
quieuiu. — TTliliD ^occan 7 Tlemonn 7 Cenn-cuilmD 7 Da 
mac 8t;eimin et; alii mult;i occifi func. — TTlaiDm f eim 

t'-s n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1182. "" blank space, A. ''■ooiB — to them, B, C. = aji — on, B. 
<i-<' om., B, C. =-<:n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 



in succession to Ua Carain, wlio 
died in the previous year. 

^ Domnall ; Dojmsleibhe. — Given 
in the Annals of Boyle {ad an.'). 

^ The battle, etc. — This refers to 
the second original entry of the pre- 
sent year. The names agree ■with 
those in the Annals of Loch Ce. 

1182. '^Gospel of Martin.See 
under 1166, note 2. On the pre- 
sent occasion, it was most probably 
borne in battle as a Cathach, or 
prxliator, to ensure victory to the 
native forces. 

^ Domnall ; Milo ; A defeat. — The 



three entries are in the Annals of 
Boyle. 

8 Milo Cogan. — Mac Geoghegan 
in his Annals, at 1181, says : 
" Miles Cogan, Keymond Dela- 
gross, Keann-koylean and the two 
sons of Ktz Stephens were killed 
by Mao Tyer, prince of Iraokoylle " 
\recte, Ui-Li^thain]. 

Cambrensis writes : Milo, Milo- 
nisq^ue gener nuper eflfectus, Radul- 
phus, Stephanidae fiilius, versus 
liismoriae partes profecti, cum in 
oampis sedentes colloquium cum 
Waterfordenslbua expectassent ; a 



ANNALS OF CJLSTER. 



201 



(Domnall* Ua Ceinneidig, king of Ormond, was slain. — 
Donnsleibe* O'Gadhra, king of Sliab-Lughu, was slain. — 
DomnaU Ua Concenainn, king of Ui-Diarmata, was slain. 
— Acan UaFallamhain, chief of the Clann-TJadach, dies. — 
The battle^ of the royal-heirs, wherein fell two sons of 
Toirrdelbach Ua Concobair, namely, Briain of Luighni 
and Magnus and three sons of Aedh, son of Toirrdelbach 
Ua Conchobuir, that is, Mael-Secnaill and Muirethach and 
Muircertach and others.) 



[1181] 



Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 23rd of the moon, a.u 
1182. A hosting by DomnaU Ua Lochlainn to Dun-mbo 
in Dal-riatai and battle was there given by him to the 
Foreigners and defeat [was inflicted] upon Cenel-Eogain 
and Raghnall Ua Breislein was killed there and Gilla- 
Crist Ua Catha[i]n was killed there and many others 
[were killed]. And the GospeP of [St] Martin was carried 
ofE with them by the Foreigners. 

(DomnaU^ Ua hUallachain, archbishop of Munster, rested. 
— Milo^ Cogan^ and E.emonn* and Cenn-cuilind^ and the 
two® Fitz Stephens and many others were slain. — A defeat^ 



[1182] 



proditore Machtiro, qui eos ea noctg 
hospitari debuerat, cum aliis quin- 
que militibus, improvisis a tergo 
securium ictibus sunt interempti 
(Exp. Hib. ii. 20). 

For the family of Mectire, see 
1199, note 1, swpra; for his alleged 
treachery, O'Donovan {¥. M. iii. 
61, note c). 

*Remonn Giraldus (Exp. Bih. 

ii. 35) mentions the death Reimundi 
Hugonidae [Fitz Hugh] apud 
Olethan [TJi-Liathain, the baronies 
of Barrymore and Kinnatalloon, co. 
Cork. The name lives in Caislean, 



Ua-Liathain, Castlelyons]. He 
places it after the arrival of prince 
John. But, aa his dates are unre- 
liable and the place accords, Rei- 
mundus, we may conclude, is the 
Remonn of the text. 

^ Cenn-Cuilind. — Holly -head. This 
can hardly be the Reimuiulus 
Cantitunensis of Cambreusis, whose 
death is said to have occurred in 
Ossory, apud Ossiriam \Exp. Hib. 
u. 35], after 1185. 

^ Two. — tJambrensis names but 
one, Eadulph (Exp. Hib. ii. 20). 







202 



aMMcclcc ulcroTi. 



B65d 

A 54a 



[b,r-] 



RoaiTiiai hUa ConcobtiiiT, 7 peim Concobtifi 1Tlaenmui|i 
Ipoifi "Oonncati, mac 'Domnmll 1TIit)15 7 T^OT^ bUa ITlael- 
■ootiaTO, ubi mtilci ceci'oep.unc.'') 

ICal. Ian. tiii.''p.,='l.iiii.,CCnno'Oomini m.° c.°lcca;x.°iii.° 
Tacufi ^z^\l in^ ^illa-yiiabac htia piaicbeiat;ai5^ 7 mac 
hUi 5^a|ilmif\e'Dai5 | 7 [ph]lai€be|icaic 7)0 mayibax) 
ann 7 "Dfiem -do Cemtil-Tirioen^ vo mapba'D ann. 

(Oii'Do'''Cempla|;ioifium 7 nofpicalafiioifitim conpfima- 
coifi.'' — ^DonificaTi,°mac'OomtiaiLHT1iT)i5, occifUf [efc] — 
^lUa-lfa hUa 1Tlailin, efpuc ITlaisi-eo, mofiirtiti. — 
Cosaxi moil eve\i Unmv\l^ hUa Concobtnifi 7 a mac, i-oon, 
Concobup, TTlaenmuisi.'') 

jcal. Ian. 1. p., I. ecu., CCnno "Domini TTl." c.^ Ixocx. 1111.0 
"Oeic T^aiji pciT;^ 7)0 mairiB Tnuinm:;eifii CCifi7)a-Tnaca^ -do 
apgain t)0 ^hallaiB naTTIi'De. — mael-lfu hUa CeifibaiU 
no gabail comuf!.buiippaciT,aic layi n-a ■pagbail -do "Com- 
alcac hUa Concobuii^. — CCpt; hUa 1Tlael-[8b]eclainn,'' pi 
lapcaip Tni'De,T)o mapbati 1 meBail ap epail ^all. TTlael- 
Seclamn bee -do gabail pi^i 1 n-a mat). — Caipcel 
'D'[p]at;u^O'o la ^ctllaiB 1 Cill-paip. — Caipcel aile -do 
milliO'D la nflael-Seclamn 7 la Concobup TTlaenmaili 
hUa Concobaip co pocait)6 moip vo ^hallaiB an-o. 

A.D. 1183. -'an, A. ^laa-iiiom.), B. sCtieneol-TTloean, A.— ^■''Wank 
space, A. »-t'53dr. m.,t.h.,A;oiii.,B,C. "■"n.t.h.,A;om., B, 0. 
A.D. 1184. »X3C.,A, B. ^ cCi|i7)maca, A. 



1183. 1 Gilla - riabhach. — The 
swarthy gillie. 

2 The Order, etc. — This entry 
Cwhioh likewise occurs in Clyn's 
Annals, ad. an.') is a strange jumble 
of errors. The Order of Templars 
was confirmed by the Council of 
Troyes in 1128. Amaud de Toroge, 
the eighth Grand Master, ruled 
from H79 to 1184, 



The Order of the Hospitallers 
of St. John (the Baptist) of Jeru- 
salem was confirmed by Pope 
Paschal II. in 1113. Roger des 
Moulins, the seventh Grand 
Master, governed from 1177 to 1187. 

The earliest notices of the Orders 
in Anglo-Irish documents are per- 
haps the grant by King John (July, 
1199) of possessions in Ireland tO 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



203 



[was inflicted] by Euaidhri Ua Concliobuir and by Conco- [1182] 
bur Maenmuighi upon Donnchadh, son of Domnall the 
Midian and upon TJa Maeldoraidh, where many fell.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 4th of the moon, a.d. [iiss] 

1183. A contest [took place] between the Gilla-riabhacy 
TJa Flaithbertaigh and the son of TJa Gailmredhaigh and 
0[F]laithbertaigh was killed there and a party of the 
Cenel-Moien was killed there. 

(The Order^ of Templars and Hospitallers is confirmed. 
— Donnchadh,^ son of Domnall the Midian, was slain. — 
G-illa-Isu* Ua Mailin, bishop of Magh-Eo, dies. — Grreat 
war^ between Ruaidhri TJa Concobuir and his son, namely, 
Concobur Maenmuighi.) 

Kalends of Jan. on Ist feria, 15th of the moon, a.d. [1184 bjb.] 

1184. Thirty houses of the principal members^ of the 
Community of Ard-Macha were pillaged by the Foreigners 
of Meath. — Mael-Isu TJa Cerbaill [bishop of Clogher] took 
the succession of Patrick, after it was laid aside by Tomal- 
tach TJa Conchobair. — ^Art TJa Mael-Sechlainn, king of the 
West of Meath, was killed by direction of the Foreigners. 
Mael-Sechlainn the Little took the kingship in his 
stead. — A castle^ was built by the Foreigners in Cell-fair. 
— Another castle was destroyed by Mael-Sechlainn and by 
Oonchobur Maenmaighi TJa Conchobair, with a large 
number of Foreigners therein. 



the Knights Templars and a grant 
by the same (June, 1200) of a 
charter of liberties to the Knights 
Hospitallers (Calendar of Docu- 
ments relating to Ireland, Vol. I. 
N08. 86, 123). 

Donnchadh ; Gilla-Iau ; Great war. 
— These three items are erroneously 
inserted in this place. See them 
under next year. 

1184. 1 Principal members, — Lite-, 



rally, good (men). For maithibh 
the Four Masters have roighnibh 
cumhdaighthi, which seems mean- 
ingless. O'Donovan translates it 
" of the best houses," which is not 
the sense of the original. 

2 Castle. — This, most probably, is 
the castelliim de Kilair, which 
Cambrensis states was built by 
De Lacy (in 1182). (Exp. Hih_ 
ii.23.) 

3 



204 



ccNMalcc ulaDti. 



("OonncaV mac "Domnaill TTIi'dis, occifUf [efz;]. — 
5itla-1fU hUa fTlailiTi, efpuc TTluip-eo, moimcuia. — 
Cogati Tnoyi eve^i Tloai'D|ii hUa ConcoBaiii 7 ainac, i-oon, 
Concobuia Tnaenmoisi. — Oifiian bpeipnec, mac 'CoiyiiT.- 
•oelbaishtli Concobmia, mo|iiT;tiia. — piann hUapinnacua, 
caifec Clainni-TTluifica'Da, mopitrup. ) 

|Cal.1an.iii. f., Lccx- «i., CCnno"Oomini TTI.° c.°locccx.° ti.° 
TTleff moiT, (it)on/T)aiifimef ) if in blia^ain fi cocoiccenn. 
— Pilip Uinfefpa^ co n-'gallaiB ep,enn ime 1 n-OCtiT)- 
TTlaca co cenn fe^ la 7 fe n-oi-oce 1 cefcme-DOTi in 
Chof^aif. — CCnilaim hUa imt(ifecai§, epfcop ^^^^[a]- 
TTlaca 7Ceniuit,-'Pefa'Dai5,^lociaann folufcanofoillfige'D 
cuaic 7 eclaif, in Chiiifco qtiieuiu, 1* n-"Oun*-C]iuunai 7 
a cabaifiT: co honopac co "Oaiyii Coluim-citle 7 a axintical 
■po coyaiB a acayi, I'oon, in^ efpuic hUi Cobuaij (i-oon,'' 
1 coeB in cempaill'' bice""), occosefimo* fexco [ajevacty 
fu[a]e anno* ■pojuyicac htia Cep,baLla[i]n "oo Ceniul- 
eilanna -do oiifiT)nex) 1 n-a ina'o. — 5'^^a-Ciiifc TTlac 
Carmailjfiiscoifec Ceneoil-peafia'Dai57naCLann, (i-oon^ 
CLann-06n5Ufa7 Clann-T)uiBinnifiecc 7 Clan n-ph 050 p,- 
^aiS') 7 bt(a-Cenn['p]aca® 7 Clainni-Colla' -do pepaiB- 

^»n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A. D. 1185. lUn— B. ==111, A, B. ••— eyia-oais (p om.), A. Mi,it,[^]„„ 
(eclipsed -o om.), A. " an, A. ^ — CennpoTja, B. '' Congail, A. »-»itl., t. h. 
A; om., B, C. i^^itl., t. h.., A, B ; given in C. " itl., t. h., A ; om., B, C. 
d-d it!., t. h.. A; cm., B, C. «-=itl., t. h., A; part of text, B, C. 



' Donnchadh, etc. — These items 
(witli the exception of the third 
and son-Concobair of the fourth) 
are given in the Annals of Boyle 
under this year. Observe the cap- 
ricious variants in the transcrip- 
tion of the three entries that are 
also placed under the preceding 
year: Midigh-Midig,Isii/-Isa,Muighi. 
hi, Concobhair-ConchQbuvr. 



' Great war. — According to the 
Annals of Boyle, Euaidhri gave up 
the kingship to his son in 1183 and 
"reigned again" in 1184. The 
present entry (if it be not mis- 
placed; Cf. the first additional 
item of 1185) will thus signify that 
he re-took possession by force. 

1185. '^ Philip of fForcester.— This 
agrees with Cambrensis, who calls 



ASfNALS OF ULSTER. 



205 



(Donnchadh.s son of Domnall the Midian, was slain.— 
Gilla-Isu Ua Mailin, bishop of Magh-Eo, dies.— Great war* 
between Ruaidhri Ua Oonchobair and his son, namely, 
Concobur Maenmuighi. — Brian of Breifni, son of Toirr- 
delbach Ua Concobair, dies.— Flann Ua Finnachta, chief 
of Clann-Murchadha, dies.) 



[1184] 



Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 26th of the moon, a.d. 
1185. Great crop (namely, oak-crop) generally in this 
year. — Philip^ of Worcester , with the Foreigners of Ireland 
along with him, [stayed] in Ard-Macha for six days and 
six nights in the very middle of the Lent. — Amhlaim Ua 
Muirethaigh, bishop of Ard-Macha and Cenel-Feradhaigh, 
the shining lamp that used to illuminate laity and clergy, 
rested in Christ in Dun-Oruthnai. And he was carried 
honourably to Daire of Colum-eille and buried at the feet 
of his father, namely, the bishop Ua Cobhthaigh^ (that is, 
beside the small church), in the 86th year of his age. 
Fogartach Ua Cerballa[i]n of Cenel-EUanna was instituted 
in his stead. — Gilla-Crist Mac Cathmail, royal chief of 
Cenel-Feradhaigh and of the Clanns, namely, Clann- 
Oengusa and Clann-Duibhinnrecht and Clann-Fhogur- 



[1185] 



him PhiUppus Wigorniensis and 
gives an account of wliat lie did in 
Armagh on that occasion : 

Kevooato Hugone de Laci, 
PhiUppus Wigorniensis, . . . 
cum militibus quadraginta, procu- 
rator in insulam est transmissus 
[anno 1184]. . . . Elapsa vero 
hieme, convooato exercitu magno, 
circa Kalendas Martii Archmatiam 
profeotus sacro quadragesimali 
tempore, a clero saoro auri tributum 
execrabUe tarn exigens quam ex- 
torquens, cum eius per nrbem 



Lugdunensem [Louth] Dubliniam 
indemnis est reversus [,Exp. Hib. 
a. 25). The same is given in sub- 
stance in the Top. Sib. dist. ii. c. 50. 
" Ua Cobtliaigh. — " It looks very 
odd," O'Donovan observes, (Pour 
Masters, in. p. 69) " that a bishop 
O'Murray (Ua Muirethaigh) should 
be the son of a bishop O'Coffey." 
His mother, the editor of the Annals 
of Loch Ce suggests, may have been 
of the family of O'Murray and he 
may have adopted her name. He 
succeeded Ua Cerbaill (O'OarroU), 



206 



ccMNcctcc uLoroti. 



TTlanac, cenn comaiifile ■Cuaifc[e]iific efienn,T)0 mafiba'D, 
ii)OTi,^ 1 PriTO Noin mai," la Titla 11-6151115 7 la 
mtiiTiTiT;eri-Coema[i]n 7 a cemi -oo h^en leo, co pifiir 
uaiciB 1 cinn mif laficam — heoan Smcep. (iDon/ ritie^ 
ceyitxa^'), mac ^115 Saxan, -do tocc^ 1 ri-epiiin, luce zxt-i 
pcec^" Ions, no ni ir moa, tie cneB ifiaiBe t^eime -do 
^allaiB 1 11-ertinu— mael-lfu' Titla mtiiiaetiais, i:eri- 
A 64b leiginn T)airie ColuiTti-cille, t)0 ec 1 n-a | f enoiti cogaroe 
7 nriael-Cainnis hUa peyicomaif -do gaBail a inai-o/— 
mael-Seclainn, mac nfluipceriTOic hUi locLainn, -do 
mafiba'D vo ^allai^. 

(Cosax)" ecep, ntiaixirii hUa Concobuiifi 7 Concobuyi 
nriaenmuili, a mac. "Oomnall hUa bpiain 1 poiifii'Din 
Ruai-Diii, ^ofi'mill 7 stiyi'loifc 7 siifi'aiias cella lapcaiifi 
CoTiTiaci:;, suyi'iiiaifib a n-'Dame. — Cacal Cafijiac, mac 
CoTicobaiii ITlaenmuili, ■D'aiigain 7 "do lofcat) 
CiUi-'oa-lua 1 n-T)i5ail na n-olc fin.''— ["OiaifimaiT;/ 
mac 'Cop.TDelbais 1J[i] bjiiain, -do -oalluT) la] "Oomnall 
hUa bpiain. — Tligi Connacc -do ^abail -do Concobop 
TTlaenmaisi'.) '•■■'^: 

B56a ICal. Ian. iiii-'p., I. uii., CCnno'Oomini m.°c.°lxxa;."«i.° 
"Cacaifi moifi 1 TJna^fcefix; Sfienn ifin bliaxiam f^. — 
CCcKiiga'D "Oomnaill, mic CCe'oa hUi Loclainn-' 7 laiga-o 
■Ruai-Difii hUi [■pb]laicbeip.t:aic ic 'opeim -do Cheniul- 
eojain 'Calca-oac. — gilla-pacfiaic'' mac mic in gilla 



^-'■pinec|ia (=^1119 ceifiifia), A. 'ciaccairi, B 
t. h.. A, B; " John sine terra," C. e-Som., B, C 



.ococ., A, B. " itl., 

B, C. "t. m., n. t. h. (first entry is imperfect, owing to excision of margin), 
A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1186. iLaclaitm, B. '^=' blank space, A. I'l'om., B, C. 



^ Sixty ships strong. — Literally, 
the folic of three score ships 
For the date of John's arrival, 



see Cambrensis, Exp. Hib. ii. 32 ; 
for his doings in Ireland, ii. 36 
(Bolls' ed.). 



AiiNALS OP tJLSTEB. 



20? 



taigh and the Ui-Cenii[fh]ata and tlie Clann-Colla of Fir- 
Manach, head of coimsel of the North of Ireland, was 
killed, namely, on [Sunday] the 2nd of the Nones [6th] of 
May, by Ua Eignigh and by Muinnter-Coenia[i]n. And his 
head was carried away by them, but was gotten from them 
at the end of a month, after. — John Lack-land, son of the 
king of the Saxons, came into Ireland, sixty* ships strong, 
or something more, besides what was before him of 
Foreigners in Ireland. — Mael-Isu Ua Muiredhaigh, lector 
of Daire of Colum-cille, died a choice elder.* And Mael- 
Cainnigh Ua Fercomais took his place. — Mael-Sechlainn, 
son of Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, was killed by the 
Foreigners. 

(War^ between Ruaidhri Ua Conchobuir and his son, 
Ooncobur Maenmuighi. Domnall Ua Briain [went] in 
aid of Ruaidhri, so that he destroyed and burned 
and pillaged the churches of the West of Connacht 
[and] killed the inhabitants. Oathal Carrach, son of 
Coneh.obar Maenmuighi, plundered and burned Oell-da-lua 
in revenge of those evils. — [Diarmait, son of Tordelbach. 
Ua Briain, was blinded by] Domnall Ua Briain. — The 
kingship of Connacht was assimied by Concobur Maen- 
maighi.) 



[1185] 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 7th of the moon, a.d. 
1186. Grreat disturbance in the North of Ireland in this 
year. — Deposition of Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Lochlainn 
and crowning of Ruaidhri Ua [FJlaithbertach by a party 
of the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc. — Gilla-Patraic, grand- 



El 186] 



* A choice elder. — Literally, in his 
choice elder ; a native idioni express- 
ing state, or condition. 

War, etc. — These items, in- 



cluding the portion within square 
brackets), are given (the first at 
great length) in the Annali of 
Boyle. 



208 



cCMMala titcroli. 



cuifiifi, coifec htla-bfiaTia[i]n, vo mapba'D la T)omnall 
litia Loclainn, cfiia ejiail TTlulnnce|^1-bp.aTla[1]n peni." 

(A) 
tlga T)e-Laci -do maiibat) 
"d'O TTlia'Saig -do 'Cebca 
(i'Don,°maLap.T;ac yoifcail- 
vec neime'D 7 cell Gpenn, 
a mafibaT) 1 n-einec Co- 
l[uiTti-cille ic cuTnTDacJ 
capceoil, i-oon, 
[mais]"). 



a n-T)ep- 



(B) 
huga'" T)e-taci, malaii- 
cac, "Difcailcec ceall 7 
neinieTi Giaenn, DOthap.ba'D 
■d'IJ TTlia'Dais do bpegmu- 
nai15, lofin Sinnac Ua 
Ca^apnaig, 1 n-einec Co- 
luim-cille, iccumT)ac cmy- 
ceoil 1 n-a all, ixion, 1 n- 
"DufiTnuis, fexcenT^epitno 
quaTDyiasepmo anno eoc quo 
•puiTDoca efu "Oafiia eccle- 
fia.'' 

1nnaiaba[x)] Huaixipi hlli Concobaip. la Concobuifi 
TTlaenmaise/ I'a mac pein 7 millitCD Connaci; ecajiiau.^ 
— Conn hUa biaeiflen, coinnel einig 7 gaifci-D 'Ctiaif- 
ce[i]fic e^venn, -do maifibax) 'oo 'ofieim vo Chenel-eogam 
7 Imf-eogain uile -do ajxcam c|xit;fein, cen^ co |iaibe ci'n 
T)oiB ann. 

(Concu^aifi° hUa piaicBeificais vo rtiafibax) la RuaTOfii 
hUapiaicbe|icai5,la a xieiiBiaaxaiiipein, 1 nTi-CCfiainu — 
■RuaiTiifii iTUa Concubaip 'D'innaiaba['6] T)'a mac pein, 
i-Don, "DO ConcuBaifi 1inhaennitiit)e. — "OepBoiasall, ingen 

^^ eco-p.'p.a, B. i'cin, A. ""Partly itl, partly r. m., t. h. [parts witLin 
square brackets are ■wanting, owing to excision of edge of folio], A ; om., 
C. For the reading of B, see parallel entry. ^■'^ Given in B and C after 
the Itina^baCT)] item. »-»u.. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 



1186. ^ O'MifidAaigh.—" A woik- 
man," C. 

2 Ua Miadhaigh of Breghmuna. — 
" Killed as aforesaid, by one of 
Brewny, by the Pox O'Cathamy," 
C. This translator, it thus appears, 
had before him the entries as given 



in A and B. O'Donovan has taken 
needless pains (p. 72 sq.) to confirm 
the accuracy of the native accounts 
of De Lacy's death. 

' 640<A year. — O'Donovan inserts 
" [540 P]." This would date the 
foundation half a century after the 



AJfNALS OF XJLSTER. 



209 



son of "the stooping gillie," chief of Ui-Brana[i]n, was 
killed by Domnall Ua Loshlainn, by direction of the 
Muinnter-Brana[i]n themselves. 

TJgo De Lacy was killed 
by O'Miadhaighi of Tebtha 



[1186] 



(that is, the destroyer and 
the dissolver of the sanc- 
tuaries and churches of 
Ireland — he was killed in 
reparation to Colum-cille, 
whilst building a castle 
namely, in Dermagh). 



(B) 
Hugo De Lacy, destroyer 

[and] dissolver of the 
churches and sanctuaries of 
Ireland, was killed by Ua 
Miadhaigh of Breghmuna,^ 
by [direction] of the "Fox" 
Ua Catharnaigh, in repara- 
tion to Colum-cille, whilst 
building a castle in his 
church, namely, in Dur- 
magh, in the 640th* year 
since the church of Dair- 
magh was founded. 
Expulsion of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair by Conchobur 
Maenmaige, his own son and destruction of Connacht 
[ensued] between them. — Conn Ua Breislen, candle of 
hospitality and championship of the North of Ireland, 
was killed by a party of the Cenel-Eogain and Inis- 
Eogain was all ravaged through that, although they had 
no guilt[ypart] therein. 

(Conchubhar* Ua Flaithbertaigh was killed by Ruaidhri 
Ua Flaithbertaigh, by his own brother, in Ara. — Ruaidhri* 
Ua Conchubair was expelled by his own son, namely, by 
Conchobhar Maenmhuidhe. — Derbhorgall,^ daughter of 



death of St. Columba, — a conclusion 
quite untenable. The Daria in- 
tended, the context shows, was 
Durrow (King's County). It was 
thus, if the entry can be relied 
upon, founded in the same year as 
Derry (545=646, avjira). 



* Conchubhar ; Muaidhri. — Griven 
in Annals of Boyle^ with omission 
of by his ou/n brother, by Ms own son 
respectively. 

^ Derbhorgall. — Whose elopement 
with Diarmait Mao Murohadha 



:2io 



ccwMcclcc ulccoti. 



A 64c 



TTlujficai'D'hUi TYlaeil,-Sheclainn,7)0 tiul5oT)poic6T;-(Xca 

T)'a Tioiliccifii.° — OifiDO* Cap[chUfianoifium] conpifXTnaT;uifi.O 

i 

ICal. 1an.«.^p.,''l. x.uiii., CCnno 'Oomini m''c.° bcxcc-° uii.° 
Tltiai'D|ii hlla [phjlmubeivcaic, ^ii Cene[oi]L-eo5ain, "do 
mapba'D a^ cyieic i "Cui-Conaill. — Cafipac Laca-Ce ■do 
lofcat) 1 mexion laa, T)uin i^obai'De'Djiii iioloifce'Dinsen 
titli Gi-Din, ben ConcobaiiT, TTlic "Diapmccca, ttiCsl ITI0151- 
Luiifis 7 ^ecc,-' no ni if moo, eceyi piyiti if mna, "oo tofca'D 
7 ba'DUt) fi^ fe oen uaife mnci. — 'OfUim-cliaB'oo afcain 
7)0 macTTlael-Sheclainn bUi Ruaifc (Toon," -do CCe'o''), 
T)0 fi5 htla-ni-b|iiuin 7 Conmaicne 7 7)0 mac CacailhUi 
Tloaifc 7 "DO ^hallaiB na TTli'De imaille fin.* CCcc 
"DOfoine "Oia fifc amfa af Colum-cille ann, iT)on, 
fomafbax) mac TTlael-Seclainn hUi Uoaifc (I'Don," 
CCeT)") fia cinn caici'oifi* laf fein (i"" Conmaicne") 7 
fOTjalla'D mac Cacail htli Riilaifc, fifi T;an5af in 
fluaigeTi 1 caig hUi inael7)0faixi,i n-einecColoim-cille 
7 fomofbaiz;^ fe® ficii;^ t>o aef gfa'oa meic Tnaeb- 
Seclainn af fui; Conmaicne 7 Caifpfi 'Dfoma-cliaB 
cfia mifbuil Coltiim-cille. 

(rriael.-lfU'' hlla CeafBuiU, epfcop OifgiaU, quieuic. 
— nnuif^iuf, mac TlJaixis htli TTlhailfuainis/ fi 
mhoise-ltiifs, obiic") 



f-t 



i-*r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1187. imi.A, B. =ipni, B. Sipinti, B. 
hvcb, B. sAuLxx:, A, B. '■-•p.tiaiais, MS. 
n.t. h., A ; om., B, C. "■" ' 



, B. ^fTfiii B. ^ipiT,iti, B. 'caeicagif, A. ' — 
I. '■-•p.tiaiaij, MS. (A). »» blank space, A. •'■''itl., 
itl., t. h., A, B ; om., C. 11 n. t. h., A ; cm., B, C- 



was the alleged cause of the intro- 
duction of the English into Ireland. 
The Order, etc. —The hraeketted 
portion is from Clyn's Annals. 
The item is post-dated by more 
than a century. 

1187. ^ The Bock.— "By metonymy 
for the castle and dwellings built 
ontheEock. 



^ JBurned. — By lightning, accord- 
ing to the Annals of Loch Ge (which 
give the occurrence under 1185 and, 
more briefly, at 1187). 

^Mid-day. — T%e Annals of Loch Ce 
(1185) state the burning took place: 
ifiti CCoine m|i n-lnic coyijuif 
— on the Friday after the Beginning 
[of the second and more strictly 



ANNALS Ot ULSTER. 



211 



Murchadli Ua Mael-Sechlainn, went to Drochait-atha on [1186] 
her pilgrimage. — The Order® of Oar[thusians] is con- 
firmed.) 



Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 18th of the moon, a.d. 
1187. Euaidhri Ua [F]laithbertaigh, king of Cenel- 
Eogain, was killed on a foray in Tir-Conaill. — The Rocki 
of Loch Ce was burned^ at mid-day,^ where was drowned 
and burned* the daughter of Ua Eidhin, wife of Concho- 
bair Mac Diarmata, king of Magh-Luirg. And seven 
hundred, or something more, both men and women, were 
burned and drowned in the space of one hour therein. — 
Druim-cliabh was pillaged by the son of Mael-Sechlainn 
Ua E.uairc (namely, by Aedh), king of Ui-Briuin and 
Conmaicni and by the son of Oathal Ua Ruairc and by 
the Foreigners of Meath along with them. But God 
wrought a wonderful deed for Colum-cille therein, — that 
is, the son of Mael-Sechlainn Ua Euairc (namely, Aedh) 
was killed (in Conmaicni) before the end of a fortnight 
thereafter. And the son of Cathal Ua Ruairc, with whom 
came the hosting into the house of Ua Maeldoraidh, was 
blinded in reparation to Colum-cille. And six score of 
the minions of the son of Mael-Sechlainn were killed 
throughout the length of Conmaicni and Cairpri of Druim- 
cliabh, through miracle of Colum-cille. 

(Mael-Isu^ Ua Cearbhuill, bishop of OirghlaUa, rested. 
— Muirghius,^ son of Tadhg Ua Mailruanaigh, king of 
Magh-Luirg, died.) 



[1187] 



observed moiety] of Lent; i.e., the 
Friday after the fourth Sunday of 
Lent. (See Todd Lectures, Ser. 
m. No. rv.) This will account for 
the otherwise incredible loss of life. 
The people had assembled from the 
mainland for divine service. 



^Drowned and burned. — A hys- 
teron proteron. Her dress having 
become ignited, the queen rushed 
into the lake to extinguish the 
flame and was drowned. 

5 Mael-Isu ; Mtdrghius. — Given 
under the preceding year in the 



212 



ocMMaloc uloroti. 



BsebLbif-] ]cal.1an.tii.^p,='L.ccx.ix., CCnnoT)OTT)iTii m.°c.°Lxxa;.°«iii. 
Tluai'Dfii htla Cananna[i]Ti, |ii Ceneoil-Conaill pi he-o 
7 ifii'Domria ejaenn, vo mapba'D -do [phjLaiubepcac hUa 
TTlael'Doyiai'o cfiia mebail ic "Dpoca^: Slici§i/ lap." n-a 
bfieca'D "DO Iqa "Opoma-cliaB imac 7 bpcrcaip ■do vo 
mafibo'D imailte fiif 7 'ojiem "D'a rriuiTificiia. hUa 
^aiyib (iT)on,° Tldasnuip"); coipec pep-'Oiaoma, yioimija 
latria ap hUa Cananna[i]n, "oo map.ba'D ■do ttiuinnci]! 
ecmapcaig hUi "Oocaificais 1 n-'oisailhtli Chananna[i]n. 
— ^DoTTinall hlla CaTianna[i]n vo lecfia'D a coifi v\a 
cuaig pein 1 n-T)aiifie 15^ jaix; afclamrie connaixi 7 a ec 
"oe t;iaia miyibail Coluim-ciUe. — TTlaiacain hUa byiolaig, 
ap'oecnai'o ^oeixieL tule 7 aifi'Dpetileiginn CCiifi'D-'maca, 
"DO ec. — CCrrilaim htla "Om^iii ■do cocc co hi "D'a ailicp-i 
7 a ec 1 n-hl layi n-aifipigi cogaixd. — '^a\\l Caifceoil 
inai|i-Coba 7 "Dineinn "o'tlib-ecac tlla'D -do caroecc ayi 
cifieic hi 'Ciip.-n-Goj;ain, co coixpacT^aTDap co Leim-mic- 
■Neill 7 CO fiogabfac bu airofin 7'^ co n-'oecai'o "OomnalL 
hUa LocLainn 'n-a n-T)e5aif> 7 luce a cortifionna pein, co 
fiuc poi^fia 1 CaBan-na-c|xann-afi'D, co i;apT)pac 'oeBai'D 7 
CO iiomaiTi a|i na ^ctUaiB 7 co pocuip.e'o' a n-di^ anx) 7 
CO T;aia'Da'D fo'oa'o "oo ^atlgai ifin pg a aenoyi, co 
copcaiifi annfin 1 pinrgulin, it)oti, Tlomnall, mac CCe-Da 
hUi Loclainn, pi CCilig^ 7 pi'Dairina ©penn ap cpu^ 7 ap. 
ceill 7 ap eaigefiuf 7 ap TJiiebaipe.* Ocuf puca'o in la 
fin pein co hCCp'o-nnaca 7iaoha'Dnaice'D ann co honopac. 
— Sluaga'D la hGoan "Do-Chuipt; 7 la ^allaiB Spenn tule 
1 ConnaccaiB imaille^ pe Concobup hUa n-T)iapniaT:a. 

A.D. 1188. 1 i^LigTO, B. ^1, A. "Oi—B. «— bairi, A. »■" blank 
space, A. •> iT)on, la^i — namely, after, B. """itl., t. h., A, B ; given in C. 
^ om., B ; given in C. " p.omaixbax) — was killed, B. 



An7ml» of Boyle. Ua Cerbaill 
(O'CarroU) was elected archbishop 
of Armagh in 1184. He died, 



according to Ware (vol. i. p. 180), 
on his journey to Eome. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



213 



Kalends of Jan. on 6tli feria, 29tli of the moon, a.d. ii88Bis.] 
1188. Euaidliri Ua Cananna[i]n, king of Cenel-Conaill 
for a time and royal heir of Ireland, was killed by Flaith- 
bertact Ua Maeldoraidh through treachery, at the Bridge 
of Slicech, after decoying him out from the centre of 
Druim-cliabh. And a brother of his was killed along with 
him and a party of his people. TJa Gairb (namely, 
Maghnus), chief of Fir-Droma, who laid [violent] hands 
on Ua Cananna[i]n, was killed by the people of Echmar- 
cach Ua Dochartaigh in revenge of Ua Cananna[i]n. — 
Domnall Ua Cananna[i]n laid open his foot with his own 
axe, whilst cutting a faggot of firewood in Daire and he 
died thereof, by miracle of Coluim-cille. — Martin Ua 
Brolaighj arch-sage of all the Goeidhil and arch-lector of 
Ard-Macha, died. — Amhlaim Ua Daighri came to I[ona] 
on his pilgrimage and he died in I[ona] after choice 
penance. — The Foreigners of the castle of Magh-Coba 
and a party of the Ui-Bchach of Ulidia came on a foray 
into Tir-Eogain, until they reached to Leim-mic-Neilli and 
seized cows there. And Domnall Ua Lochlainn went 
against them with a force of his own party, until he over- 
took them at Cabhan of the High Trees. They gave them 
battle and it went against the Foreigners and slaughter of 
them was inflicted. And a thrust of a foreign spear was 
given to the king alone, so that he fell there in the conflict : 
that is, Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Lochlainn, king of 
Ailech and [worthy to be] royal heir of Ireland for form 
and for sense and for excellence and for prudence. And he 
was carried that very day to Ard-Macha and buried there 
honourably. — A hosting by John De-Courcy and by the 
Foreigners of all Ireland into Connacht, along with Con- 



1188. ^ Leim-mic-Neill. — Leap of 
the son ofNiall (grandson, aoeording 
to O'Donovan, F. M. iii. 81, of 



Aedh, king of Ireland, who died 
818=819, supra). The place was 
near Dimgannon, oo. Tyrone (s4.) 



214 



CCMNalCC tllCCDtl, 



A64d 'Cinoib'D CoiilcoBafi maenmmgi (i-ooti/ fii Connafe") 
Cotinacca 7 ric T)omnall hUa bjiimn, yii m«maii, co 
■Dfieim -o'peiiaiB TTluman 1 ipocfiain fiig Connacc. CCcuf 
loifcir ni "DO cellaiB in ciyie pempu 7 ni |\oleicfec 
fcoiliut)^ T)0i15. Imcloeic imoiT,|io na ^mll amajfi co 
liGf-'OMtia "DO cui^ecc 1* ?3i|i-Conaill. O'TCUalcrcoii 

B 56c imtitiiio na gaiU Cenel-Conaill | 7 hlJlamael'oo|iai'D vo 
bir ic "DfilJiTn-cliaB, fioloiifcipec eaf-7)afia "oo leifi 7 
imcloic aia[ic]if [1] 1 ConnaccaiB 7 T;ecaic ifin Sesttaif 
7 acnagaic Connacca^ 7 pip ITluman ammuf 'poifipti'^ 7 
inaifibair; a n-(il^ 7 pacbaic na ^aill in cip ap, eicin can 
a becc "do jleU'D. — Gcain, ingen hUi Coinn, Yiijan 
TYluman, -00 bdi 'ca hailicpi ic "Oaipe, "do eciapm-buai'D 
■oomon 7 -oeiTian. 

(irnoiifice)a'cac,''niac tlaco,TiUa ChonceanainT), pi htla- 
n-'Dhiapmaca, mofcuup efc. — "Domnall, mac LoclainT) 
hU TTlhaeilpuanai'D 7 ■peapgal htia T-ai-os in ceglais 7 
piaiSbepcac, mac Riwcca, hUa phinnacca, occifi punc.'' 
— TTluipcepcac' hUa bpam, pi bpegrfiuine, occipop epc.i 
— hUa} TnailpuanaTO occiptip epc OCnno "Domini 1188.') 

]Cal. Ian. 1. p., I. oc., CCnno 'Domini m.° c.° kcacx." ix.° 
"Oomnabl, mac" TTluipcepcais hUi toclamn, -do mapbaxi 
T)0 ^hallaiB "Ohal-CCpai'oe acu pein. — nflupca'o TiUa 
Cepbaill, aip'opig CCippall, 7)0 ec ipin TTlainipriip-moip 

^mccll.te (aphaeresis of i), A. ^ pcoeitex), B. 'po|iifia, B. ' co — to, B ; 
with, which agrees C. k om. (maDiiestly by oversight), A. '"■'"n.t. h., A; 
om., B, C. W64e, l.m., u. t. h., A; cm., B, C. iJo4d, t. m., n. t. h. 
(overhead, aaother item was cut away in trimming the edge), A ; om,, B, C. 
A.D. 1189. " mac mK— grandson (mic was added by mistake), B. 



^ On their march. — Literally, be- 
fore them. 

* UaMaeldoraidh, etc. — The author 
of C., having forgotten apparently 
that he had translated from this 
to the end of the year under 1179, 



renders it thus in this place : "and 
O'Moyldoray were at Drumkliew, 
they burnt Esdara all and turned 
to Connaght againe and into camp 
["their houldiugs," 1179: reete 
the Seghdais]. And Connaght 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



215 



cobur TJa Diarmata. Concobar Maenmhaiglii (namely, 
king of Connaclit) musters the Oonnacbtmen and Domnall 
TJa Briain, king of Munster, comes with a party of the 
Men of Munster into the force of the king of Connacht. 
And they burn some of the churches of the country on 
their march^ and some they allowed to escape them [intact]. 
Howbeit, the Foreigners turn back to Ess-dara to come 
into Tir-Oonaill. But, when they heard that the Cenel- 
Conaill and TJa Maeldoraidy were at Druim-cliabh, they 
burned Ess-dara completely and turn again into Connacht 
and come into the Seghdais. And the Connachtmen and 
Men of Munster deliver an attack upon them and the 
Foreigners are killed with slaughter and leave the country 
by force without a whit of triumph. — Etain, daughter of 
TJa Cuinn, queen of Munster, who was on her pilgrimage 
at Daire, died after victory over* the world and over* the 
demon. 

(Muircertach^ TJa Concheanainn, son of TJathu, king of 
TJi-Diarmata, died. — Domnall, son of Lochlann TJa Maeil- 
ruanaidh and Fearghal Ua Taidhg " of the [hospitable] 
household" and Flaithbertach, UaFinnachta, son of Riucc, 
were slain. — Muircertach TJa Brain, king of Breghmhuine, 
was slain. — TJa MaUruanaidh^ was slain, a.d. 1188.) 



[1188] 



Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 10th of the moon, a.d. [hso] 
1189. Domnall, son of Muircertach TJa Lochlainn, was 
killed by the Foreigners of Dal-Araidhe, [whilst] amongst 
themselves. — Murchadh TJa Oerbaill, arch-kiag of Air- 



aud Mounster came uppon them 
and alaugttered them and left the 
country by force, without much 
fight ["with some biokeriiig," 
1179].— Edyn, O'Cuyn's daughter 
that was pilgrim at Dyry, died." 
* Over.— 'lAteiallj, from, 



' Muircertach, etc. — These four 
items are given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce under this year. 

^ Ua Mailruanaidk. — "Taithlech, 
son of Conchobar, son of Diar- 
maid, son of Tadhg TJa Maelrua- 
naidh, was slain," Annals of Loch Ce, 



216 



ccMMccloc uLoroli. 



A 55a 



afi Ti-aic)fii5i ^o^aTOi. — OCia'o-Tnaca'oolofca'b o cfioir'a[iB] 
Ofiijci CO fieiclep Oiailci, ecep, Rmv 7 'Cfiian 7 cempul. 
— ecrmle'D, mac ITlic Canai, fonuf 7 fobati^ain 'Chiiae- 
heogain tiile, "do ec. — TTlac ma haTOce htia TTlail- 
jiuanai'D, fii pefi-TTlanac, vo acpisaTi 7 a "oul ■oocum hUi 
Ceyibaill. CCcuy cyvec ^all "oo ^uitiecc ifini ap, 7 
compaiciTi hUa Cepbaill 7 hUa Tnaelfiuanai-o ppiu 7 
maiwp -pop. Ua Cepbaill 7 fnap.bca[i]ifi hUa TTlael- 
fiuanai-o ann.* — Concobuifi TTlaenmaisi, mac Ruai-oifii, 
aiifiT)ifii Connacc 7 fiToamna epenn uile, "oo mapbaxi "d'o 
lucT^sfiaxia pein, cpia epail a bpacap, iTDon, Concobaip 
hUi n-'Diapmaca (mac Copmaic"; abap/macTluai'Dpi'*)- 
ConcoBup hUa n-T)iapmaT;a xiono "oo mapbaxi la Ca^al 
cappac,mac Concobaip inbaeiimai5i,i^Ti-'Di5ail a acap. — 
CCp'D-TTlaca -do apcam la heoan T)o-Chuipc7la5allaiB 
epetin. — TTlac na pepepi, pi Saxan, -do ec- — ^TTlael- 
Cainmg hlla pepcomaip, pepleiginn "Oaipe, "do bacu'o 
ecep CCip-D 7 Inip-So^ain. 

(TTluipcepcac" TiUa pianTiaca[i]Ti, troipeac Chlainne- 
Ca^ail, mopzjuup epc") 

jcal. Ian. (11." p.,") I. ccoc. 1., CCnno "Domini Tn.°c.°la:x)cxx.° 

[Long" Cacail Cpoib-oepg h1 ConcoBaip, pi Connacc, 

-DO BacaT) ap toe-Rib 7 pobaiTieT) .xccxui. uipi, im 

CCipeccac hUa Tlax)Uib, ■dux Clainm-'Comalcais''] 7° im 

i ip, B. 2 a, A. 1= om., B, C. ""= itL, t h., A ; om., B, C. d-dy. m., n. 
t. h. A ; om., B, C. '^'n. t. h., A j om., B, C. 

A.D. 1190. "■" blank space, A. The year is blank in A, B, C. ''■'> Sup- 
plied from Annals of Loch Ce, a.d. 1190. «'= On text space, u. t. h., A ; 
om., B, C. 



1189. ^ Mellijont.— Foi the Jiish 
Cistercian monasteries, see the 
erudite Introduction to the Trium- 
phalia Monasterii S. Crucis, ed. Rev. 
D. Murphy, S.J., Dublin, 1891. 



2 Close and Third.— See 1074, note 
5, supra. 

3 Echmiledh. — Horse - soldier ; 
knight. 

'^Son of Ruaidhri. — The altema- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 217 

gialla, died in the Great Monastery [of Mellifont^] after [U89] 
choice penance. — Ard-Macha was burned from the Crosses 
of Brigit to the Regular church of Brigit, both Close and 
Third^ and church. — Echmiledh,^ son of Mac Canai, 
happiness and prosperity of all Tir-Eogain, died. — " Son 
of the night " TJa Mailruanaigh, king of Fir-Manach, was 
deposed and went to TJa Cerbaill. And a foray [-party] of 
the Foreigners came into the country and Ua Cerbaill and 
TJa Maelruanaigh encounter them and defeat is inflicted 
upon TJa Cerbaill and TJa Maelruanaidh is killed there. — 
Conchobur Maenmaighi, son of Buaidhri [Ua Conchobair], 
arch-king of Connacht and royal heir of all Ireland, was 
killed by his own minions, by direction of his kinsman, 
namely, Conchobar TJa Diarmata (son of Cormac ; other- 
wise, son of Ruaidhri*). Conchobar TJa Diarmata, however, 
was killed by Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobar Maen- 
maighi, in revenge of his father. — ^Ard-Macha was pillaged 
by John De-Courcy and by the Foreigners of Ireland. — 
The son of the Empress,^ king of the Saxons, died. — Mael- 
Cainnigh TJa Fercomais, lector of Daire, was drowned 
between Ard and Inis-Eogain. 

(Muircertach^ TJa Flannaca[i]n, chief of Clann-Cathail, 
died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 21st of the moon, a.d. [ii^o] 

1190. 

[A ship'^ of Cathal Eed-hand TJa Conchobhair, king 
of Connacht, foundered on Loch-Ribh and there yvere 
drowned thirty- six men, including Airechtach TJa 
Eadhuibh, chief of Claun Tomaltaigh] (and including 



tive is correct, according to the 
Annals of Loch Ce. 

5 Son of the Empress.— Benry II. 
died at Chinon in Touraiue, July 
6, 1 189. 



2 Muircertach. — Given (with 
Murchad for Muircertach and dux 
for toiseach) in the Annals of Boyle 
under the preceding year. 

1190. 1 A ship, etc. — The portion 



218 



ccMMaLoc uLoroTi. 



ConctiBari, mac Cafiml, niic Vlfimn, mic rhoiTan^ealBaTO 
htd ChoTicubairi 7 im TTlurica'D, mac ConcuBairi, mic 
•Oiafimara, mic Za\\)^ bUi TTlhailiiuariais 7 im mm^- 
^lUf, mac Macvi, hlla ConceanaiTTD.— t)ubearra, ingean 
T>iatxmaT)a, mic 'ChaTOg, moia-cua eyv. — TTlori, ingean 
roiTin'oealbaiB Ui Cbo[n]cul5aiii, morit;ua efc"— "Oiayi- 
mair;'' bUa Rabatimig, abb T)urimai5e, quieuir.— CCUe, 
iTi|ean Riaca[i]n hUi 111011111101101x1, mop-cua efC— 
TYIail-SeaclaiiTO hUa -Neacuain 7 ^illo-beiaaig btlo 
8luai5eax)ai5 -do mopboTi lo 'Coiip.rfoeolbac, mac ■Ruoi'oiai 
bt1i Concubai|i, CCnno T)omini 1190." 

B56d ICol. Ion. 3. -p., I. 11., CCnno T>omini Tn.° c." xc.° 1° 
(ueU— 11.°") 

(Utiai-Din" bUo ConcuBoip v ipagljail Cboiinacc 7 a xiul 
bi Cenel-Conoill.'') 

[b,^] lCol.1an.[iiii."p.;]l. cc 111., CCnno "Domini m.° c.°xc.°ii.° 
Ttoi-iur" prioinnT;i5i in "Duibyieiclefa ic a -oenum lo U[a] 
Caca[i]n no CfioiBe 7 la inpn bUi In'oeiyiKi-'' 

("Caicleoc' bUo "Oub-oa, |ii btla-n-CX:mal5ai'D 7 bUo- 
TPbiactioc-TTluai-Di, -do mafiboTi ■do -do mac o meicc pein. 
— CCet) bUa pioinn, T;aii:^6ac Sbil-mbaili-Ruain> 
moi;tT;uuip efc.°) 

A.D. 1190 ''■'I t. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 0. 

A.D. 1191. ^-''added, B ; om., C. The ferial and epact shew that the 
reading is erroneous. '=-'> n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1192. '^S' blank space. A; .tii. p., B. i=-'= Given under a.d. 1191°' 
vel— 2°, B ; under A.D. 1191, C. '■" a. t. h., A ; om., B, 0. 



within square brackets is supplied 
from the Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.) 
The other entries are found in the 
order here observed, but with vari- 
ations in detail, in the same Annals 
under this year. The first, second, 
third and fifth are given in sub- 
stance in the Annals of Boyle. 



^ Dubeassa. — Wife of Cosnamach 
O'Dowda, according to the Annals 
of Loch Ce. 

^ Alle. — Wife, according to the 
same Annals, of the Ua Eadhuibh 
who was drowned, as told in the 
first item of this year. 

•* GiUa-Beraigh.— Devotee o/[S<.] 



ANNALS OF ULSTEa 



219 



Conchubhar, son of Cathal, son of Uran, son of Toirrdeal- [1190] 
bhadh TJa Concbubair and including Murcbadh, son of 
Concbubbar, son of Diarmait, son of Tadbg TJa Mail- 
ruanaigb and including Muirgius TJa Concbeanainn, 
son of TJatu. — Dubeassa,^ daugbter of Diarmait, son of 
Tadbg [TJa Mailruanaidb], died. — Mor, daugbter of 
Toirrdbealbacb TJa Concbubbair, died. — Diarmait TJa 
Eabartaigb, abbot of Dur-magb, rested. — Alle,^ daugbter 
of Riacan TJa Mailruanaidb, died. — Mail-Seacblainn TJa 
Neacbtain and Grilla-Beraigb* TJa Sluaigbeadbaigb were 
killed by Toirrdbealbacb, son of EuaidbriTJa Concbubair, 
A.D. 1190.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 2nd of tbe moon, a.d. [n^i] 
1191 (or -2). 

(Ruaidbri^ TJa Concbubbair left Connacbt and went to 
tbe Cenel-Conaill.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4tb feria, 13tb of tbe moon, a.d. [ii92Bis.] 
1192. Tbe door of tbe Refectory of tbe Penitentiary [of 
Daire] was made by TJa Catbain of tbe Craib and by 
tbe daugbter^ of Fa Inneirgbi. 

(Taicbleacb^ TJa Dubbda, king of TJi-Ambalgbaidb and 
TJi-Fiacracb of tbe [river] Muaidb, was killed by tbe two 
sons of bis own son. — Aedb^ TJa Flainn, ebief of Sil-Maili- 
Ruain, died.) 



Berach (of Kilbarry, co. Roscom- 
mon, whose feast was Feb. 15). 

1191. 1 Ruaidhri. — Griven under 
11^0 in ihe Annals of Boyle. Ac- 
cording to the Four Masters, Eode- 
ric went to Tirconnell, Tyrone, 
the English of Meath and finally 
to Monster, seeking in vain for aid 
to recover Connanght. At length, 
he was recalled and had lands 
assigned him by his sept. 



1192. ''■Daughter. — She was most 
prohably the wife of Ua Cathaiu 
(O'Kane). 

^Taichleach. — Under the preced- 
ing year in the Annals of Boyle, 
with omission of " of the Muaidh " 
and " by the two," etc. 

2 Aedh. — " Aed TJa Ploind mori- 
tur," Annals of Boyle, 1191. 

p2 



220 ccMMala ulccDli. 

ICal Ian. 6^p.,l. occ)c.1111.^ OGnno'Oomini m.°c.''xc.°iii.° 
Gocai-D* 5015111-00 maiiba'D vo hUiB-piaciiac. — TTlael- 
Pacyimc Cobcaig 7)0 ec" — Ccrcal" mctsaicne vo ec.° 

('Omjamait;,'' mac Conbiiogam hUi 'ObiuTnafais 
raifeac Chlainne-TTlailisiaa 7 ^xi Titla-'Phailse pfxi ]ie 
pa'Da, mopx^uuf epc. — Caral oxiuia, mac TTles Cayiifiuaig, 
occifUf efc. — "Oeyipofigaill, ingen Tnu]acai'DhKi THhail- 
Sheaclainx), moyicua efu imTTlainifDifi T)pocait;-aca. — 
ITluificeapcac, mac IDuyicai'D TTI1C mu|ica'Da, tii hUa- 
Cemnrelaig, moyicuuf epu.'') 

ICal. Ian. [un."] x^.,^ l." u./ CCnno T)omini m." c.° xc.° 1111.° 
T)omnall° hUa^ Op-iam (mac'^ TJoiiafixiealBais/ TOon," lai 
TTluman') "do ec- — ^aill "do ^laccain ap 1nnfi hKa^- 
Pnncain 7 a cu^ aji eijin -01. — Cu-TYlixie hUa 'piamn -do 
maiaba-D no ^hallaiB." 

(TTlac' mic Concubaiyi, mic "Oomnaill geajaifilamaij 
Titli bpiain, t)0 'oallax) 7 t)0 ■pboicuea'D la ^allaiB. — 
SLuai'Deax) la ^iHibefiT; TTlac ^oifDsalB gu heaf-puai'o 
7 fio impo afY^em gan nac z;ap.Bu T)'a flua-oo'D.') 

ICal. Ian. [1." p.,"] I. x. ui.," CCnno T)omini m.°c.''xc.° u.° 
Gcmaiacac^ hUa Cara[i]n t)0 ec 1 Reiclef phoil." — 
Concobuifi TTlaj phaccna vo ec 1 [n-TDub-?] i^eiclef 

A.D. 1193. "-^ .m. f., I. v., B. These belong to a.d. 1194. The two 
previous epacts, which he gives accurately, prove that the compiler of B 
deviated from his original in antedating by a year. Similar evidence ia 
the retention of the a.d. notation from 1192 to 1195, hoth inclusive, 
though inconsistent sometimes with the ferial, sometimes with the epact, 
sometimes with both, as given in the (B) MS. ''■'' Given under a.d. 
1192, B, C. Wo ^ooo— or locho- — is placed as another reading of &ocai'6, 
l.m., t. h., A. ""cm., B, C. ""n, t. h., A: cm., B, C. 

A.D. 11S4. 10, A. »■» blank space. A; i. p, B. •'i' I. xui., B. The 
ferial and epact of B belong to a.d. 1195, "" Given under a.d. 1193, B, C. 
^■•^a. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. »«itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. " n. t. h., 
A;om.,B, C. 

A.D. 1195. 1 ©ac — , B. ^-^ blank space, A; ii. ■p., B. " .ocxuii., B' 
The B criteria belong to a.d. 1196. "■'= Given under a.d. 1194, B, C- 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



221 



Kalends of Jan. on 6tli feria, 24th of the moon, a.d. [1193] 

1193. Eochaidh O'Baighill was killed by the Ui-Fiach- 
rach [of Ard-sratha]. — Mael-Patraic O'Cobhthaigh died. 
— Cathal Ma[c] Gaithne died. 

(Diarmait/ son of Cubrogam TJa Diumasaigh, chief 
of Clann-Mailighra and king of TJi-Failghe for a 
long time, died. — Cathal the Swarthy, son of Mac 
Carrthaigh, was slain. — DerfhorgaUl,^ daughter of 
Murchadh Ua Mail-Seachlainn, died in the Monastery 
of Drochait-atha. — Muircheartach, son of Murchadh 
Mac Murchadha, king of Ui-Ceinnselaigh, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 5th of the moon, a.d. [1194J 

1194. Domnall TJa Briain (son of Toirrdhealbach, that 
is, king of Munster) died. — The Foreigners came upon the 
Island of the Ui-Finntain and they were put by force 
therefrom. — Cu-Midhe Da Flainn was killed by the 
Foreigners. 

(The grandson^ of Conchubhar, son of Domnall Ua 
Briain the Short-handed, was blinded and emasculated by 
the Foreigners. — A hosting by Gillibert Mac Goisdealbh 
to Eas-ruadh and he returned therefrom without any 
advantage from his hosting.) 



Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, Itith of the moon, a.d. 
11 95. Echmarcach^ Ua Catha[i]n died in the Regular 
Canons' house of St. Paul [in Ard-Macha]. — Conchobur 



[1195] 



1193. ^Diarmait,etc. — These four 
items are given in this order in the 
AnnaU of Loch Ce (ad an,). The 
second and third are in the Annals 
of Boyh a.tl\9Z. 

2 Derfkorgaill.—Bee 1186, note 5, 
tupra. 

1194. ^ The grandson, etc. — ^These 
two entries are in the Annals of 



Loch Ce. The second is in the 
Annals of Boyle, 1194. 

For grandson the Annals of In- 
nisf alien and Loch Ce have son. He 
is called Muircertach in the Annals 
of Boyle, according to which he 
was blinded by his grand-iincle, 
Muircertach. 

1 19.5. ^Hchmarcach. — Horse-rider. 



222 



CCMMttla uLccdTi. 



T)ai|xe.* — Sacaiac^moia la T)0 ec" — TYlac'' 111 Cleiiaig hUi 
CacaLa[i]n -do maiibaxi.'' — Sicfinic" htla ^ailmifieTiais vo 
mayiba'D vo TTIac "Ouinirpleibe." 

(pioiair," mac Riaca[i]n htli TTlailirtUanai'D, epifcopUf 
Olapn-D, 111 Chfiifco quieuic. — Sluaigea'D la heam "Oo- 
Cuifici 7 la mac hUj^o "Oe-Laci "do gaUail neipc afi 
^hallaiB Laigean 7 TTltimaTi. — T)omnall hUa pinn, 
cotfia|iba Chluana-peaiaca bjienaint), quieuic.°) 



[bir] ICal-lan. 11." p., Lxx. uii.,CCtitio T)omirii m.° c.„ccc.° ui.'"' 
A 56b Tleiclef" Poll 7 pecaip, co n-a remplaiB 7 co m-bloTO 
moi]T, 'Do'n pa^aiTCDO lopca'D. — Sluagaxi laUuaixiifii TTlac 
TDumnfleibe, co n-^allaiB 7 co macai15 pi^ ConnacT: 
"Docum Cene[oi]l-eo5ain 7 CCipp-cep.. "Cangacuia Tiono 
Cenel-n-eosain "Celca-oac 7 eppceii co TDacaipe CCipT)- 
TTlaca, co uucpau cac T)oib! 7 cup' mebaiTi ap ITlac 
DuinnpleiBe 7 pomapbax> "oep^ dp a mumncepi ann, 
I'Don, "Da mac pig "oec tjo ConnaccaiB. — TTIuipcepcac, 
mac muipcepcaig bUi Loclainn, pf Cerie[oi]l-eo5ain 7 
B57a pi-Domna G-penn uile, | I'oon, t;uip gaipcix) 7 egnoma^ 
tei^i Cuinn, TDipcailiuxi gal-l- 7 caipcel, cepcbail cell 7 
caxitif, T)0 mapba'D vo 'Donnca'D, mac OlopcaiTi hUi 
CaOT[i]n, a comaipli Cene[oi]l-eo5aiTi tiile: ixion, lap 
cabaipc nacpi ScpiTie7 Canonie pacpaic ppipi cempall 

A.D. 1195. <'-4 om., B, C. »' n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A.D, 1196. ^egnom (nom. sg.), B. ^i-a- blank space, A. ^—vi," B. That 
is, the year is made 1195. But the ferial and epactare those of 1196. In 
B they are assigned to 1195 and 1196. "" All the entries are given under 
the preceding year (1195), B, C. 



^ Arch-priest. — See Adamnan, p. 
365. This obit escaped the notice 
of the learned editor in compiling 
the Chronieon Hyense (ib. p. 409). 

^ Florence. — This and the Dom- 
nall obit are given in the Annals 
of Boyle, 1195. The second entry 



is in the Annals of Loch, Ce and 
the Four Masters. 

The Annals of Boyle state that 
Florence was third abbot of Boyle 
and equate 1195 of his death with 
the (Eusebian) Mundane year 6394, 

* Successor. — Comarba. So called 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



223 



Mac Fachtna died in the Penitentiary of Daire. — The arch- [ngs] 
priest^ of I[on]a died. — The son of the Cleric Fa Cathala[i]n 
was killed. — Sitriuc Ua Gailmredhaigh was killed by 
[Maghnus] Mac Duinnsleibhe [Xla Eochadha]. 

(Florence,^ son of Riacan Ua MaUruanaidh, bishop of 
Oilfinn, rested in Christ. — A hosting by John De-Courcy 
and by the son of Ugo De-Lacy to obtain sway over the 
Foreigners of Leinster and Munster. — Domnall Ua Finn, 
successor* of Cluain-ferta of [St.] Brenann, rested.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 27th of the moon, a.d. 1196. rugeBis.] 
The house of the Canons Regular of Paul and Peter [in 
Ard-Macha] with its churches and a large portion of the 
Close was burned. — A hosting by Ruaidhri Mao 
Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] with the Foreigners and with 
the sons of the kings of Connacht to Cenel-Eogain and 
the Airthir. Howbeit, the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc and 
the Airthir came to the Plain of Ard-Macha and gave 
them battle and defeat was inflicted upon Mac 
Duinnsleibe and stark slaughter of his people took place 
there, namely, twelve sons of the kings of Connacht. — 
Muircertach, son of Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, king of 
Cenel-Eogain and royal heir of all Ireland, namely, tower 
of championship and valour of the Half of Conn, dissolver 
of the Foreigners and of castles, upholder of churches and 
dignities, was killed by Donnchadh, son of Bloscadh Ua 
Catha[i]n, by counsel of all Cenel-Eogain: that is, after 
pledging the three Shrines^ and the Canon of Patrick^ to 



in the Annals of Boyle likewise. 
The Annals of Innisfallen have 
abbatis. Whence it may be in- 
ferred that he -was abbot and 
bishop. 

1196. 1 Three shrines.— See at 
733(=734) supra; where commo- 



tacio signifies not enshrining of 
the relics, but their being carried 
about, to ensure payment of 
the ofEerings prescribed by the 
"Law." 

^ Canon of Fatriclc. — That is, the 
Book of Armagh. 



224 



CCMMCClCC «LCCT)T1. 



•oeiT^ceiacac OCi]aT)-maca laeitiie fin* 7 iT.uca-o co T)ai|ie 
Coluim-cille 7 laoha'Dnaicex) co honoifiac. — TTlac Olofcai'D 
hUa Ctll|^1Tl do ajacain 'Ceiimainn 'Dabe6[i]cc 7° iiomaiaba-D 
e pein inn co n-Defi sccja a niuinnT;e|ie ifie' fulbtco'cenn 
mif, cp-ia mifibuil T)abe6[i]c.° — Ifin bbaxiain fin 'Dono 
■Dobfif^ 1)001 nail, mac "Oiapmaca ITlec^ Capfcaij, cac 
Of. ^allaib muman 7 Luimnic in iaomap,B a n-'oefs a\>. 
7 in fio'oicuip, a Luimni'uc* lac iayi fein 7 |iobiaip do. 
maiTini aile beof.° 



"jcal. 1an.iiii.''ip.,°'l- 10c., CCnno Domini m.°c.°xc.'' 1111.% 

Slua^ai) la hGoan "Oo-Chuipc co n-^ccllaiB Ula-o co 

liGfip-cyiaibe, co n-T)ep.nfar; caifcel Cille-8anua[i]n, 

coia'f almaicex)^ cfica-ceT) Ciannacc^-ooiB." Ifin^caifcel* 

fin imoffo popaga'DRoiufeiphioun cofocfaici 'maille 

pfif. T!:dinic Dono Roicfel phiT;on afi cfieic co Pojit:- 

"Oaife, CO"* foaifc Clua[i]n-i 7 Bnac 7 "Defc-bfuac. 

Rue imoffo^ ■piai^befcac ITIael'DOiaai-D (iT)on,' fii 

Conaill 7 Gogain') co n-uaca-o "do Chonall 7 "o'eogan 

foffo, CO cucfar; maiT)m a\i^ tJfiaig na hUaccongbala 

^ixobriif, B. ^rries, B. *— tiec, B. ^om., B, 0. «■= om., Q. "yiia— 
before, B. 

A.D. 1197. ^ Co ixopatrhaigex), B. ^ — riacca, B. ^1-p an-pan — it is in 
that, B. ^ caif ceol, A. ^ ipoyi — upon, B. »-» blank space, A. *-.«! .», 
B. The ferial and epact shew that the year is 1 1 97. ° leo af an cairceJj 
Tm--iy them from out that castle, B ; followed by 0. '' ocuf — and, B, C. 
« u (contraction for wero, the Latin equivalent), A, B. '-'r. m., t. h., A 
itl., t. h., B ; "King of Kindred-Owen," C. 



3 Southern church. — The Annals of 
Loch Ce say the northern, which 
proves the scribe had no local 
knowledge. Cf. the Book of Ar- 
magh : Et his tribus ordinibus 
[scU. virginibus, poeniteutibus et 
legitime matrimoniatis] audire 
verbum predioationis in aeclessia 
aquUonalis plagae oonceditur sem- 



per diebus dominicis. In australi 
vero bassilica aepiscopi et presbi- 
teri et anchoritae aeclessiae et 
caeteri relegiossi laudes sapidas 
oflferunt (fol. 21a). 

Cum sanctorum reliquiis in 
aeclessia australi, ubi requie- 
scunt corpora sanctorum perigri- 
norum de longue cum Patricio 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



225 



him in the southern church^ of Ard-Macha before that. 
And he was carried to Daire of Colum-cille and was 
buried honourably. — TJa Ourin, the son of Bloscadh, 
pillaged the Termon of [St.] Dabeocc and he himself was 
killed therefor, with stark slaughter of his people, before 
the end of a month, through miracle of Dabeocc. — In 
that year also, Domnall, son of Diarmait Mac Carthaigh, 
gained a battle over the Foreigners of Munster and 
Limerick, in which a great number of them were killed 
and whereby they were afterwards expelled from Limerick. 
And he inflicted two other defeats likewise. 



[1196] 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 9th of the moon, a.d. 
1197. A hosting by John De-Courcy with the Foreigners 
of Ulidia to Ess-craibhe,^ so that they built the castle of 
Cell-Santain^[and]the cantredof Ciannachta was desolated 
by them. Moreover, in that castle was left Roitsel Fitton 
[and] a force along with him. Then Roitsel Fitton came 
on a foray to the Port of Daire, so that he pillaged 
Cluain-i and Enach and Derc-bruach. But Flaithbertach 
Ua. Maeldoraidh (namely, king of [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and 
Cenel-Eoga[i]n) overtook them with a small force 
of the [Cenel-]Oona[i]ll and the [Cenel-]Eoga[i]n, 
so that he inflicted defeat upon them on the 
strand of the [N]uathcongbhail [and] they were 



[1197] 



transmarinorum caeterorumque 
iustorum (fol. 21b). 

The place is omitted in the Four 
Masters. 

The translator of C took tahairt 
fris to be tahairt leis and applied it 
to the murdered man : " after 
bringing the 3 shrines and Canons 
of Patrick with him into the south 
church of Armagh. ' ' 



1197. ^ Ess-craibhe. — Cataract of 
the branch[ing tree]. On the Bann, 
south of Coleraine (CD. F. M. 
ui. 107). 

^ Cell-Santain. — Church of^ishof) 
Santan (whose feast was June 10). 
From^ the interchange of n and I 
arose Cell Santa\i\l of B and " Kill- 
sandle" of C (east of the Bann, 
near Coleraine, CD., ib.). 



226 



ccNMoc^cc uLoroTi. 



porii^o, CO riomariba'D a n-ajaann (i-oon/ 'mo mac 0CriT)5ail 
htli locLainn"), cfie mifibail Coluim-cille 7 Cainnic 7 

A55o brieca[i]n iioaiyigfecari ann.— ITlac Siaa-|eiT)ic vo 
ChianTiacc[aiB] ^do -plau alcayia cempoiU moifi "Ohaipe 
Coluim-ciLle 7 -do bpeic ceicrii^coiaTi if peyip, -do boi 1 fi- 
efiiiTD eiipn, i-Don, im mac-)aia15ac7im mac-Tolu[i]r 7 im 
cojin hUi mael'Doiaaixi 7 im cam-coriain-o 7 im copn hUi 
"Docapcaic. nobfiif" imopiio 7 call a n-innmora 7 a 
lafa['D] -0115. ■pfiiu imopyio ipn cpeiploa lap n-a n-gait; 
na f eoic 7 inci tioscrc. Ocup tiocyioca'D e' (iT)on, ic cpoip 
na piag'^) i^n-einec Coloim-ciUe, 'fa halr:oip]T.ofariai5ex> 

B57b ann. — Concobuf Caca[i]n -do ec. — | ■piaicbefii;ac hUa 
maebTio|xaiTi, iT)on, fi Conaill if Gogain if OCifsiall if 
cofnumaic 'CetTiiaac 7 fi-oamna Bpenn uile : iTion, 
Conall aifi loecDacT;, Cu-CuLamT)'' ap, gaifcexi, Suaife'' 
ayi einec, TTlac' Lu^ac afi oglacuf,' a ec mf, z;fieblaic 
cogaiTie 1^ n-1nif-Saimef, 1" quaft; Woin pebyiai,'' ifin 
cf.icacma'&i*' bbafiain a-plaicufa^^7ifin nomaxi^^bbia'Dain 
ap, coicaic^^ a aifi. Ocuf f.oa'Snacc a n-'DfUim-cuama 
CO honoyiac. Octif gabaf Ocmafcac hUa "OocafiT^aic 
figi Ceneoil-Conaill po cecoip, 7 ni faibe ace caiccigif 
1 P151, mean cainig liBoan T)o-Cuif.u co focfai-oe moip 



A,B.; 



".1111., A, B. 'laeccg, A. ^a, A. "a, B. ".xaxx:. maTD, A. 
(pom.), A. " .ix.-ma'D, A, B. '3.j,„,^^^. x.oc.B. e-eitl., t.h, 
om., C. ^ocuf— a»cf — prefixed, B. ' om., A. H om., B, C. ''-^in 
Cfuayica peyiia (on the fourth feria), A. The copyist doubtless mistook 
pp. (^thus given in B)='Peblfiai (February) toi feria and omitted ti = 'Moiti, 
aa being meaningless. Feb. 2 fell on Sunday, not "Wednesday, in 1197, 



3 Cainneck. — St Canice of Kil- 
kenny was likewise patron of 
Ciannaohta (barony of Keenaght, 
CO. Londonderry), in which he was 
bom. 

* Brecan. — Ten of the name are 
given in the Homonymous Lists 



(Book of Leinster, p. 366f). The 
Brecan here intended is perhaps 
the patron of Cenn Bairohe, near 
the source of the Bann, co. Down. 

' Goblets. — Chalices, as is evident 
from the context. 

^ Jewels. — Literally, valuables. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



227 



slaughtered to a large number (namely, around the son of 
Ardgal Ua Lochlainn), through miracle of Colum-cille 
and Cainnech^ and Brecan* [whose churches] they pillaged 
there. — Mac Grilla-Eidich of the Ciannachta robbed the 
great altar of the great church of Daire of Columcille and 
took the four [iive] best goblets^ that were in Ireland 
therefrom, including' " the gray son " and " the son of 
light " and the goblet of TJa Maeldoraidh and " the 
twisted goblet " and the goblet of Ua Dochartaich. 
Moreover, he broke off and took away from them their 
jewels® and their setting. Bat, on the third day after 
their being stolen, the treasures and he who stole them 
were found out. And he was hanged (namely, at the 
Cross of the Executions) in reparation to Colum-cille, 
whose altar was profaned there. — Conchobur Ua Catha[i]n 
died. — Elaithbertach Ua Maeldoraidh, that is, king of 
[Cenel]-Cona[i]U and [Cenel]-Eoga[iJn and Airgialla, 
defender of Temhair and royal heir of all Ireland: namely, 
Conall^ for championship, Cu-Oulainn* for prowess, 
Gruaire® for generosity, Mac Lughacy for athletics, died 
after choice tribulation in Inis-Saimer, on the 4th of the 
Kones [2nd] of February, in the thirtieth year of his 
lordship and in the ninth and fiftieth year of his age. 
And he was buried honourably in Druim-tuamha. And 
Echmarcach Ua Dochartaich takes the kingship of 
Cenel-Oonaill immediately. And he was but a fortnight in 
the kingship, when John De-Courcy came with a large 



L1197] 



The translation of lasa{_dK\ {.sett- 
ing) is conjeotToral, 

^ Conall.—AJD. Ulster hero who 
lived in the 1st century of the 
Christian era. 

8 Cu-Culainn. — Cuoulandus, de- 
cantatissimus pugU (Ogygia, p. 



279). Flourished in Ulster in the 
Ist century, a.d. 

' Guaire.—^ee supra, 662(=663). 
His name still lives, denoting a 
generous person. 

'"'Mac LughacU. — [Only] son of 
Lugha (his mother). Grrandson of 



228 ccMMalcc uLcroti. 

'maiUe pjaif cap, "Cuaim hi "Citi-n-eosain- CCf [f]eic co 
hOCpT)-fiaaca ; mp fin, cimceall co T)aifie Coin im-ci lie 
CO fiabaDaii coic OTOce airo- ImrigiT; imo|i|io co Cnoc- 
■Mafcain "D'a n-imacuia caiyiip. 'Cegaic "Dono Cenel- 
Conaill iTn ecfnapcac hUa n-lDocaiacaic T)ia n-mnipaisi'D 7 
•DOficTCfac cac t)oiB, vn in pomapba'D va cec^* tdiB, im a 
pis, I'Don, im Gcmaficac' 7 im T)ofiticaT> hUa 'Caipceiac,^® 
i-Don," |ii^oifec Clainni-SneTDSile, iT)on, ctnng eini§ 7 
elnuma 7 comuifile Ceneoil-Conaill uile 7 im ^illa- 
Tn-bp.i5T;i hUa n-T)ocayit;aic7 im imac'®T)tiba[i]n 7 im 
TTlas ■pepgail^' 7 im macaiB hUi fn-bai5ill ec alioy^ 
nobilep- Ocuf poaipsfet; Inif-n-GogaiTi 7 T)opat;fac 
bofioma m6[i]yi eifci. — Concobap.,' mac mic "CaTog, yii 
imhui5[i]-Luip5 7 ITI11151-CC1, cuip oifi-Dccin 7 aipecai-p, 
enic 7 comaiyici Connacc uile, a ec lap n-aicpiji co^ai-Di 
1 nri ai n 1 f ci p CCua-T)0-laayic ■ — TTI a [c] Cpai c b U a [pb ]lai c- 
bejicaic, mac ^15 "Ci 116-60501 n, vo mapba'o 7 TTlael- 
puanais 'Pep-comaif (no" Cai|iella[i]n"), ap-ocoifec 
Clainiii-T)ia]p.maT:a, -do mapba-o 7 "oa mapcae maici -d'o 
muinncip do mapbaxi.'' 

A 55d |Cal. Ian. u.^' p.," I. xx., CCnno T)omini 171-° c.° ccc." uiii.° ^ 
^illa TTIac Liac^ bUa Opena[i]n^ -do accup a comupbuip 
ua-oa 7 ^illcc-Cpipc bUa Cepnaig ap cogo^ loec 7 cleipec 
'Cuaifce[i]pT; Openn "oo* oip'one'D* 1 n-a inaxi 1 n-abT)aine 
Coluim-cille. 

(Tnacc" bpiain bbpeippnig, mic 'Choippt)ealbai^ bUi 
CboncuBaip, "oo mapbati la Caral cappac, mac Concubaip 
TTIbaenrfiaise. 

".c.,A, B. i^Doiri— ,A. i«Tina5,A. i''eri5ail(v om.), A. i^tlati-'Docari 
■cw%—UaDochartaigh — added, B. mom., B, C. ■»■" itl., t. h., MS. (A). 

A.D. 1198. ^Lia (c om.), A. ^ bp. (exemplar probably illegible), A. 
"caja, A. "fio boiiaxine'o — was instituted, A ; no atcii-p, (the infinitive) 
shews that the B -reading is correct. ""' blank space, A. ^ — .uii.", B. 

Finn Mac Cnmaill, and a famous I tia), in the third century of our 
spearsman in the Irish Fiann (Mili- 1 era. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



229 



force under him past Tuaim into Tir-Eogain. From here to [1197] 
Ard-sratha ; after that, around to Daire of Colum-cille, so 
that they were five nights therein. They go then to Cnoc- 
Nascain, to he carried across it [Lough Swilly]. But the 
Cenel-Conaill, under Echmarcach Ua Dochartaigh, come 
to attack them and gave them hattle, where two hundred 
of them [the Irish] were killed, around their king, that is, 
Echmarcach and around Donnchadh Ua Taircert, namely, 
royal chief of Clann-Sneidhghile, to wit, the link of gene- 
rosity and valour and counsel of all Cenel-Conaill and 
around Gilla-Brighti Ua Dochartaigh and around Mac 
Dubha[i]n and Mac Ferghail and the sons of Ua Baighill 
and other nobles. And they [the English] harried Inis- 
Eogain and carried great cattle-spoil therefrom. — Concohar, 
grandson of Tadhg [Ua Maelruanaigh], king of Magh- 
Luirg and Magh-Ai, tower of splendour and principality, 
of generosity and protection of all Connacht, died after 
choice penance in the Monastery of Ath-da-laarc. — Ma[c] 
Craith Ua [F]laithbertaigh, son of the king of Tir- 
Eogain, was killed and Maelruanaigh Fercomais (or 
O'Cairellain^^), arch-chief of Clann-Diarmata, was killed 
and two good horsemen of his people were killed. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 20th of the moon, a.d. [ngs] 
1198. Gilla Mac Liac Ua Brena[i]n^ put the succession 
away from him and Gilla-Crist Ua Cernaigh^ by choice of 
laity and clergy of the North of Ireland was ordained in 
his stead in the abbacy of Colum-cille. 

(The son^ of Brian of Breifni, son of Toirrdealbach Ua 
Conchubhair, was killed by Cathal Carrach, eon of Con- 
chubar Maenmhaighe. 



^^ 0' Cairellain. — This is the 
correct reading. The O'Cairellans 
were chiefs of Clann-Diarniada 
(Clondermot, 00. Londonderry). 



1198. ^ UaBrenain ; Ua Cernaigh. 
— See Adamnan, pp. 408-9. 

^ The son. — Given at this year in 
Annals of Loch Ce and Four Masters. 



230 



ccMNocLcc ularoti. 



B 57o 



No sumaxi ap, in IcallaiiTD fo buti coip. Uliaixijai hUa 
Concobai|i vo Beiu. 

tl. CCCC 111.°) 

ICal. 1an. ui." p./ I. i., CCnno "Ootnini TD. c.° xc." ix."" 
RuaiTifii hUa Concobaifx (iDon," mac 'Coipyi'DeallSais hUi 
Concubai|i''), |ii ejienn, in penirencia quieuic- — Cacalan'' 
hUa TTlaelpabailL, pi Caipinsi-biaacai'De, vo maifibaT) "d'O 
■DeiT,a[i]n 7 T)eiT,a[i]n "oo maiaba-D annpein.'* — Slucc^a'D 
labGoan T)o-Cuipci 'Cip-n-eosain appucnaceall: iDon, 
CC|iT)-fiiaca 7 Rcrc-bou do miUiU'D ■do, no" co |ioacT; 
T)aifie, CO paibe annpin^ va oixice poyi feccmain ( ic 
miUiUTi Innfi-heogain 7 in T^iyie apcena 7 ni tiasaD ay 
Pfii pe -poca, no co* copacc' CCext hUa Neill, luce coic 
loris, CO Cill . , ." ilLacapnu,^ co poloipc ni T)o'n baile, 
CO iiomapb x)ip cepca do picic^ annpein*- CCnnpein 
pobacap '^a\U ITluise-Line 7 1)al-0Cpai-De, cpi cei;,^ ap a 
cinn, ecip lapn 7 cen^ lapn 7 ni'ia'aipigetiup no co 
poDoipnpiu 'n-a cenn ic lopcaxi in baile. CCnnpein 
cucpac "oebaixi ap lap in baile, co pomaixi ap 5<^^^"'^ 7 
cucpau coic nfia-omannxia^ pein amac poppa no co n- 
'oeca'Dup 'n-a longaiB 7 nippasat)" ace coicep^ T)0 
muinnap htli 'Meill. lap pin poimcig Sheoan, o'ccuala 
pin popcea. — Caca'o ecep Conall ip eogan, i-oon, co 
cucpac Cenel-Conaill pigi vo tl[a] Gicnig. CCnnpein 
T;dinic^ 'n-a coinne co'Cepnnonn-T)abe6[i]c. Tdinic^hUa 

The ferial and epaot, however, belong to 1198. "^-"n. t. h., A ; cm., B, C. 
A.D. 1199. 1 ainnpein, A. ^^^^ — ^a. 3.3cx.ic, A, B. ^airo — there,B. 
^.c, A, B. °5ati, B. '-man, A. ^coiciuiv, B. '-5, B. "-".ii. p, n. t. h., on 
blank space, A. 6 — .urn.", B. But the ferial and epaot of B itself shew 
that the year is 1199, not 1198. "-"itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. "-i om., B, 
C. " om., A. '-'co n-'Deacai'6 — until went, B ; with which C agrees. 
E blank left for name of ehxiroh. A, B. " Killahama," C, as if nothing 
was wanting. hiiiiri-''pti5P<^ — ^^^1/ ^^ft ""^ ■^• 



3 Or, etc. — This alternative date 
is correct. O'Flaherty ( Ogygia, pp. 
441-2) quotes a contemporaneous 
obit which specifies the year by 



Thursday, moon 20 and the day as 

Sunday, Dec. 2, moon 27. These 

criteria accurately designate 1198. 

2 5403.— This belongs to the fol- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



231 



Or^ it may be on this year it were right for [the death 
of] Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair to be. 
[A.M.] 5403.2) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 1st of the moon, a.d. 
1199. Ruaidhri Ua Concobair (that is, son of Toirrdheal- 
bhach Ua Ccnchubair), king of Ireland, rested in penance.^ 
— Cathalan Ua MaelfhabaiU, king of Carraic-Brachaidhe, 
was killed by O'Derain and O'Derain was killed at the 
same time. — A hosting by John De-Courcy into Tir- 
Eogain throughout the churches : namely, Ard-sratha and 
E,ath-both were destroyed by him, until he reached Daire, 
so that he was there two nights over a week, destroying Inis- 
Eogain and the country besides. And he would not have 
gone therefrom for a long time, had not \lit. until] Aedh Ua 
Neill, [with] a force of five ships, reached Cell [ruadh 1^] in 
Latharna, so that he burned a part of the town and killed 
twenty, wantingtwo, therein. Then the Foreigners ofMagh- 
Line and Dal-Araidhe were, three hundred [strong], both in 
maiP and without mail,^ in front of him and they [the 
Irish] noticed not, until [the Foreigners] poured against 
them, burning the town. Thereupon they gave battle in 
the centre of the town and it went against the Foreigners. 
And [the Irish] gave five defeats to them thenceforward, 
until they went into their ships and only five of the people 
of Ua Neill were lost. Thereafter John went away, when 
he heard that. — Great war between [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and 
[Cenel-]Eoga[i]n, so that Cenel-Conaill gave the king- 
ship to Ua Eicnigh. Then he came to meet them to the 
Termonn of [St.] Dabeoc. Ua Neill with the Men of 



[1198] 



1199] 



lowing year. It is baaed upon the 
same Reckoning as that inserted at 
432 and elsewhere ; namely, the 
Mundane Period = 4204 years. 

1199. ^Rested in penance. — 
Aooordingto the obit in OTlaherty, 
he died in the monastery of Oong, 



■where he had spent the last thirteen 
years of his life and was buried at 
Clonmaonoise. See O'Donovan, 
F. M. iii. 112-3. 

2 Celll-ruadh .?].— Thebracketted 
part is suggested by O'Donovan. 

^ Mail. — Literally, iron. 



232 (XNMalcc ulcrori. 

MeiU CO 'PefiaiB TTlai5i-1ca -do caiixmefc 'n-a coinne, co 
i:aca cac ayiaile t)iB 7 co riomebai'D afi hUa n-eicni^ 7 
CO papsaiB bpaigri. OCi?rix)e, ipn loo ceuna, CCe^ htla 
■NeiU 7 Cenel-eo7;aiTi, co jioaifigfec Cenel-Conaill 
imirriacaifie TYlaisi-hlca 7 co cucfccc bofioma n- 
'Diaiyirtiix)e^" leo. Ocujp if tjo'ti c|ieichi fin -do map.ba'D 
■Nmll bUa T)ui15T)iiiiTiaaiT.fceirril,ea'D. lafifin,'' flimga-D 
la hOCexi hUa Neill 7 la Cenel-n-eogain co TDacaiiie 
TTluigi-l^a xio cabaiyic ca^a t)0 Cenel-Conaill, no co 
laopagfac Cenel-Conaill in longpopc 7 co n-'oefinfac 
blaogox) 'pi£[a] annfein.'^ 

(SiX)' ■DO Tienatti •do Chacal ChfioiBxieaias hUa Choncu- 
baifi pe Cacal Caiip.ac, mac Concubaifi ITlaenniaise 7 a 
cabaiific hifcifi 7 -peiaann -do mbaijx^ -do.') 

AS6a ICal. Ian. un." •p.,'^ I. x. u.^ CCnno T>oniini m.°° cc.°° 
TTlael-lpru'' TTIac ^ille-Ciaain, aipcinnec Cille-nioi|ie 
hlla-'Kli[a]lla[i]n 7 aT)buifi comap,ba paz;fiaic, in pace 
quieuiT;.'^ — ■DoponipaT; ^aill Ulax)* cpi c]ieca 1 'Ciji-n- 
Cogain 7 in tiyieip c|iec 'DO|ionfat:, xiosabfac longpoyic ic 
'Dotnnac-moifi TTluili-lmclaip,. 'T)ocui|ifec cpec mop. 
imac. 'Cdinis CCexihtlaKleill 1 ri-aipcip na cpeice, co po 
compuc "DO 7 na ^ccill 7 co pomuixi ap ^allaiB 7 co 

B 57d capaic ap n-tiaipmixie poppo 7 po6laT)up 'fan | ai-oce^ 
CO n-T)ecaT)up^ cap 'Cuaim. — Sanccup TTlaupiciUf^ Uo 
baeca[i]n 1 n-h1 Coluim-cille in pace quieuic. — Cpec 
la Ruai-opi TYlac T)uinnpleiBe, co ni -do ^hallaiB ITli'De, 
CO poaipspec TTlainipcip'pboil 7 phecaip,^ co nap'-pajpai; 
innci ace aen boin. — Ra'Dub* TTlac TlaeT)i5, coipec 
Cene[oi]l-Oen5upa, -do mapbaft -do g'^ctHaiB ap cpeic 1 

A.D. 1199. lO-aititTie, B. "b. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1200. 1 n-T)eaca'Dtiifi, B. ^TTltifiTCiHp, A. ^pe'Duifi, B. ""n. t.h., 
on blank space, A. '' .xi., B. This, unless perhaps a scribal error, is an 
unaccountable reading ; m. not being an epact. '•" m. xc. ix., B. Erro- 
neously. *■* om., B, C. " an blia'oain piri — that year — added, B ; followed 
byO. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 233 

Magh-Itha came against him, to prevent him, so that each 11199-1 
of them saw the other. And Ua Eicnigh was defeated 
and left pledges. From here Aedh Ila Neill and the Cenel- 
Eogain [went] on the same day, until they harried Cenel- 
Coiiaill around the Plain of Magh-Itha and took countless 
cattle-spoil away with them. And it is on that foray 
Niall Ua Duibhdirma was killed on a surprise party. 
After that, a hosting [was made] by Aedh TTa Neill and by 
the Cenel-Eogain to the Plain of Magh-Itha, to give battle 
to the Cenel-Conaill, so that the Cenel-Conaill abandoned 
the camp and they made a kind of peace then. 

(Peace* was made between Cathal Eed-Hand Ua Con- 
chubair with Cathal Carrach, son of Conchubar Maen- 
maighe and [Cathal] was brought into the country and 
land giyen to him.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 12th of the moon, a.d. Ll200Bi9.] 
1200. Mael-Isu, son of Gilla-Erain, herenagh of Cell-mor 
of Ui-Niallain and successor designate of Patrick, rested 
in peace. — The Foreigners of Ulidia made three forays 
into Tir-Eogain and the third foray they made, they made 
a camp at Domnach-mor of Magh-Imclair. They sent a 
large foray [party] abroad, Aedh Ua Neill came to 
rescue the prey, until himself and the Foreigners met and 
defeat was inflicted upon the Foreigners and countless 
slaughter was put upon them and they stole away in the 
night, until they went past Tuaim, — The saintly Maurice 
Ua Eaetain^ rested in peace in I[ona] of Colum-cille. — A 
foray by Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] 
with some of the Foreigners of Meatb, so that they 
pillaged the Monastery of Paul and Peter [in Armagh] 
until they left not therein but one cow. — Eadub Mac 
Eaedig, chief of Cenel-Oenghusa, was killed by the 



* Peace. —This item is found in [ 1200. 1 Va Baetain.—" BsLeUn, 
the Annals of Boyle (ad an.). \ Baithan, Buadan, Baetog, Baedog, 

Q 



234 



CCNWalCC UlCCDtl. 



n-CCenapca-Chein.'' — Rollanc,' mac Uccfiaig, fi 5"^^" 
^aiTiel, iti pace quieuit:.' 

(T)onnca'D^ Uaicneac, mac Uuai-oiai hUi ChoncuBaip, 
"DO mapba'D laii;^ na SaxaiB Ba-ouin hilLuimniuc.O 

(U." cccc.u.' [=CC.T). m. cc. 1.]) 

Ical. Ian. n.'' f.," Lccoc. iii., OCnno "Oommi m.^cc."!." 
RuaiTifii TTlac "DuintifleilSe, |ii Ula'D 7 cainnel gaifCTo 
na h-e|ienn Uile, xio map.ba'o -do ^l^ccllaiB, Toon, i;pa 
miifibtiili15 poll 7 pecaiji'^ 7 paci^aic^ |iofa|iai5. — 
TomalTrac hUa Conchobaip, comafiba pacyiaic 7 a\m- 
piaimaic^ Bpenn tute "do ecna[i] 7 no cfiabaxi, in pace 
quieuii;. — 1nnairiba['D] CacailcifioiB'De[i]|i5Tit(i Concobu1l^ 
7 inlat* Cacail capyiaig 1 n-a ma's (No" comaxi afi in 
Icalain-D fi z;uar^ic innapba[xi] Cacail ciaoibT)e[i]yi5.''). — 
Slogaxt la hCCe'D bUqc Kleill 1 poifiicm Cacail cpoib- 
'oe[i]p5 CO pepai-D IXIuigi-hlca 7 co n-CCip5iallai15 co 
pan5acai;i co 'Cec-Oaicin CCipcig, co pofoipecup ann, co 
cangaTDUp co b&p-'oapa 7 co puc oppa Cacal cappac co 
maiuiB Corinacc 7 tiilliam bupc co n-^allaiB tuimnig 
imaille ppip 7 co pomoi'D ap 'Chuaipcepc n-Gpenn 7 co 
pap'sba-D anT) hUa hGicnig, aipT)pi5 CCipgiall ec alii 
mulci. — Slojaxila Sbeoan "DO-CbuipTrco n-^allaib Ula'D 
7 mac Ugo -DS-taci co n-gallailS Tllixie 1 poipi^in Cacail 



A.D. 1200. "om., C. B-en. t.h., A ; om., B, C. 
A.D. 1201. ipecroc"" T! -^.^r,,^ R 
A ; om., B, C, D. ^-^ 

. m., t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 



Pecroaiifi, B. '■'-1^015,6. ^ aifi'Dpiiimvcn'D, B. ="'n. t. h., 
A ; om., a, u, D. ''-•> n. t. li., on Wank space, A ; cm., B, C, D. « om. 
B ; that is, the year in B (followed by C, D) is 1200, — erroneously, as the 
epact shews. ^-^ 1. m - +- h- A : nm . t^ rt t\ 



Euadog are all varieties of the 
same name, and Baetog prefixed by 
da \_=do, thy'], the title of endear- 
ment, makes Oluain-da-Bhaotog, 
now Clondavaddog, the name of a 
parish in Tanad, in the north of 
Donegal." Adamnan, p. 409. 



For the Cross of St. Buadon of 
Clonca (Oluain-oatha, Inishowen 
CO. Donegal), seeProo. E.I. A. Ser. 
iii. Vol. II., p. 109. 

^Roland. — King of Galloway. 
For some of his doings, see Benedict 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



235 



Foreigners on a foray in Aenarca-Cein. — Eoland,^ son 
of Uclitrach, king of the Foreign-Irish, rested in peace. 

(Donnchadh* of Uaithne, son of Ruaidhri TJa Conchu- 
bhair, was killed by the Saxons that were in Limerick.) 

([A.M.] 5405 [a.d. 1201].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 24th of the moon, a.d. 
1201. Euaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [TJa Eochada], king 
of Ulidia and candle of championship of all Ireland, was 
killed by the Foreigners, to wit, through the miracles of 
Paul and Peter and Patrick whom he dishonoured.! — 
Tomaltach XJa Conchobair, successor of Patrick and arch- 
primate of all Ireland for wisdom and piety, rested in 
peace. — Expulsion of Cathal Red-hand Ua Conchobuir 
and coronation of Cathal Carrach in his stead (Or perhaps 
it is in this [preceding] year above the expulsion of Cathal 
Red- hand comes.). — A hosting by Aedh Ua Neill in aid 
of Cathal Red-hand with the Men of Magh-Itha and with 
the Airghialla, until they came to Tech-Baithin of Airtech. 
They turned there until they came to Es-dara and Cathal 
Carrach with the nobles ofConnacht and William [de] Burgh 
with the Foreigners of Limerick along with him overtook 
them. And the North of Ireland was defeated and TJa 
Eicnigh, arch-king of Airgialla and many others were 
lost. — A hosting by John De Courcy with the Foreigners 
and the son of TJgo De Lacy with the Foreigners of Meath 
in aid of Cathal Red-hand, until they reached Cell-mic- 



L12001 



[1201] 



of Peterborough, i. 339—48, ii. 8 
(Rolls' ed.). 

3 0/ Uaiihn"..—" So called irora 
having been fostered in the terri- 
tory of Zfaithne, now Owneybeg, a 
barony in the north-east of the co. 
Limerick." (Note to Annals of 
Loch Ce, i. 208.) 



The entry is given, at 1200 in the 
Annals of Loch Ce ; at 1199 and 
1200 in the Four Masters. 

1201. ''■Dishonoured. — See the act 
of profanation under the last pre- 
ceding year. 

2q 



236 



CCMNalCC UlCCT)tl. 



cixoibT)e[i]p5, CO yian^a'DUiT. Cill mic n-TDuoc. CCnnipeiii 
cdmi's Cacal cafifiac co Connaccai15 imaille piaif 7 co 
Tiocuip-ipec cac 7 co yiomui'D ap. ^hallaiB Ulaxi 7 TTli'De. 
1 bail iiajxaba-DUifi* na coic^ coca, ni cainigaf act; -oa cac 

A 66b -DiB. — CCe'D hUa NeiUxio acp.iga'D la Cenel-n-eosain | 7 
Ixiga-D Concobuifi TTleg taclainn "0016 7 co n-'oefina cfieic 

B 58a hi 'Cipn-en[n]ai,'' co cue M \ •Diaiiimix»6 7 co pomairib 
"oaine. CCrniK^eiri cdini's eicnecan hUa T»0TTinaill co 
longaiip Cemuil-Conaill 7 co n-a flog ap. cifi, co 
fiosabfac longpopc ic 5cfeu-in-cai|ifi5iTi. lap. fin 
canjacuyi Clan n-'Oiafini oca co popc-yioip "Do'n le[i]c 
aile -DO gabail pfiipin loingip. layi fin p,oleiccea ofvp.a 
na cjfii longa vec lan[a] vo pluog, co ifiomai-D ap Clamn- 
"Diapmoca. 1afi fin ■camig ITlac Laclamn (iDon/ Con- 
cubap, beacc') 1 n-a ■poip.icm, co yiogona'D a ec 7 co 
cop,cai|i 7)o'n epcap pn la Cenel-Conaill 1 n-einec 
Coluim-cille 7 a comafta 7 a fcp.ine foxiomia-oaig. 
Octif' cpiapan mipbail cecna^ fomctpb Concobup 
Tnupcat) hllaCp,ica[i]n, fi hUa-pacpac. 

(Concubap," na slaifpenle bll Uuaifc t)o ba^U'D.') 

ICal. Ian. 111." f .,' I. 1111., CCnno T)omini m.° cc.° 11.°" 
Miall hUa piamn^ xio inapba'D t)0 ^ot^^-ai^ Ulati" 1 
mebail. — magnup, mac "Diapmaca hUi Laclamn, T)o 

*TXia — ,A. ^ .ti. (the Latin equivalent iis<jil as a contraction),, A. ^-n-&Tia, A. 
«-« itl., u. t. h.. A; om., B, C, D. Ux" — it is — added, B. The sentence is 
omitted in D. Sfm— that — added, B 

A. J). 1202. ipiain-D, B.— »•» u. t. h., on blank space, A. i>-.i.", B : 
that is, 1201 ; -which is also the year in, C, D. " om., B, C, D. 1 meBail is 
om, in C, D. 



' The place, etc. — Desoendentea 
ad bellum f uerunt numero 15 millia 
armatorum, ex quibus 8 millia in 
eodem beUo perierunt, D. This is, 
no doubt, an exaggeration. 

" Dishonoured. — D adds : Et 
nihilominus ipse O'Donill cum suis 



persecutus est fugam inter Dermi- 
tios et Eoganenses, quos simul 
oppressit et tandem rediit cum 
magna preda et victoria. 

* Conchubhar. — Given in the An- 
nals of Loch Ce, ad an. 

^ Na Glaisfheine. — Of the green 



ANNALS OF ULSTKR. 



237 



Duach. Then came Cathal Carrach with the Connachttnen 
along with him and they engaged in battle and the 
Foreigners of Ulidia and Meath were defeated. The 
place^ wherein were the five battalions, there came not 
therefrom but two battalions of them. — Aedh TJa Weill was 
deposed by the Cenel-Eogain and the coronation of Con- 
chobar Mac Lachlainn [was effected] by them. And he 
made a foray into Tir-Ennai, so that he took away cows 
innumerable and killed people. Then came Eicnechan 
TJa Domnaill with the fleet of Cenel-Conaill and with 
their host on land, so that they formed a camp at Gaeth- 
in-cairrgin. Thereafter came the Clann-Diarmata to 
Port-rois on the other side, to act against the fleet. 
After that, there were sent against them the thirteen 
ships full of the host, so that [the battle] went against the 
Clann-Diarmata. Thereupon Mac Lachlainn (namely, 
Conchubhur the Little) came to their aid, until his horse 
was wounded and he fell of that fall by the Cenel-Conaill, 
in reparation of [St.] ColumTcille and of his successor and 
of his Shrine that he dishonoured.^ And through the 
same miracle Conchobur killed Murchadh Ua Crichain, 
king of Ui-Fiachrach. 

(Conchubhar* na Glaisfheine^ I^[a] Ruairc 
drowned.^) 



[1201] 



was 



Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 4th of the moon, a.d. [1202] 
1202. Niall Ua Flainn was killed by the Foreigners of 
Ulidia in treachery. — Maghnus, son of Diarmait Ua 



militia : " so called from the colour 
of their armour or of their 
standards " {Pursuit of Diarmuid 
and Graine, ed. S. H. O Grady, 
Tram. Oasian. Soc. iii. 89). 



^Drowned. — In the Erne, near 
Belleek, flying from a battle gained 
over Ualgarg O'Eourke and himself 
by O'Donnell. (,F. M. A.D. 1200 and 
O'D.'s note i.) 



238 



ttMNttla ulat)ti. 



TTiaiabati t)0 TTluiificep.uac hlla^ Weill. tnui|iceiar;ac htia 
Neill 'Dono "oo map.ba'D ann. 

(In" v-eafcvih hUa TTlellaig quieuix:. — lohannef, ppef- 
biceyi Cafi-Dinalif "oe TTloniJe Celio ec legacuf 
CCpofi;olic[a]e 8eT)if, in Tlibepniam uenic. Senu'o 
cleiyieac Gipenn, wy^i- ^hallaib 7 T^boeToealaib, 1 n-CCu 
cliac imon CapTjinail cecna fin. Senuxi Chonnacc, icip. 
laecaib 7 cleipciB, hic OC€-luain hi cinx) caeicitiif innor. 
Cap-Dinail cecna.^ — ^'Coiiaji'Dealbac, mac Paiai-oifii, mic 
'UhoipTi'Dealbai'D htli Concubaip,, X)0 gabail la Cacal 
cpoi15T)eiT.5, la pi Connacc. Ocuf if lac pofgaBpaT: e ■ 
i-oon, "Donnca-D hUa 'Dub'oa, pi hUa-n-CCitialgai'D 7 
Concubap 50c hUa hGaTipa, pi Luigne Connacr; 7 
■DiapmaiT), mac Tluai'Dpi htli Concobaip, TOon, mac a 
a€ap pern 7 'Oiapmai'D, mac THalnupa, TOon, mac 
"oepbpacap a acap." — Caral' cappac, mac Concubaip 
TTIhaenmuise, mic 'Coipp'oelbaig itioip, pi Con-oacc, -do 
mapba'o in blia'oain pi.') 

ICal. 1an. 1111." p.,'' I. x, ti., (Xnno 'Domini 171." cc.° 111.° " 
TTlael-Coluim" hUa bpona[i]n, aipcmnec "CopaiTie, m 
pace quieuic." — "Domnall Cappac hUa 'Docapcaig, pi 
"Chipe-Conaill, vo mapbaxi "oo TTlhumncep-Oaijill^ ap n- 
apgain cell^ n-im^a 7 cuai^i. — Ulael-pmnen THac 
Colma[i]n, ap-openoip cogaiTie,^ in pace quieuit;. — • 
"Domnall hUa bpolca[i]n, ppioip [la/] tiapalpenoip 

<i Kepeated, doubtless by oversight, B. «■» Partly on text space, partly on 
margin, n. t. h., A : om., B, C, U. "r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1203. ibuigiU, B. "-^ceaU, B. ^r:osmiy\, A =-» n. t. h. on 

blank space, A. I'-.ii." (1202), B ; followed by C, D. "-"om., B, C, D. 
The order of the entries in B, C, D is : TTlael-'PiTinen — "Domnalt Caifiyiac 
— "Doninatl hUa bl^olcan. i^ blank left for name of Community, A, B. 
Not supplied in C, D. JFor the reading la, see Adamnan, p. 409, n. u. 



1202. ^At the same time.— Et 
propterea eodem instant! ipse 
Maurioius similiter interemptus 
f uit, D. 

2 Ua Mellaigh. — Conn O'Mel- 



laigh, bishop of Annaghdown, eo. 
Galway, according to the Four. 
Masters. 

AH the added entries are given in 
the Annals of Loch Ce at this year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



239 



Lachlainn, was killed by Muircertach. Ua JSTeill. Muir- [1202] 
certaeli Ua Neill, however, was killed at the same time.^ 

(The bishop Fa Mellaigh^ rested.— John.s Cardinal 
Priest of Monte Celio and Legate of the Apostolic See, 
came into Ireland. A Synod of the clergy of Ireland, 
both Foreigners and Gaidhil, [assembled] at Ath-cliath 
under that same Cardinal. — A Synod of Connacht, both 
laics and clerics, [assembled] at Aih-luain at the end of a 
fortnight under the same Cardinal. — Toirrdhealbach, son 
of Euaidhri, son of Toirrdhealbach tla Conchubhair, was 
taken prisoner by Cathal Red-hand, [namely] by the king 
of Connacht. And it is these captured him, — namelj% 
Donnchadh Ua Dubda, king of Ui-Amhalgaidh and Con- 
ch ubhar Ua Eadhra the Stammerer, king of the Luighni 
of Connacht and Diarmaid, son of Euaidhri Ua Conchob- 
hair, to wit, the son of his own father, and Diarmaid, son 
of Maghnus, that is, the son of the brother of his father. — 
Cathal Carrach,* son of Conchubhar Maenmuighe, son of 
Toirrdelbach Mor, king of Connacht, was killed in this 
year.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 15th of the moon, a.u. [1203] 
1203. Mael-Coluim Ua Bronain, herenagh of Toraidhe, 
rested in peace. — Domnall Carrach Ua Dochartaigh, king 
of Tir-ConailP was killed by Muinnter-Baighill after 
pillaging many churches and territories. — Mael-Finne 
Mac Colmain, arch-senior select, rested in peace. — Dom- 
nall Ua Brolchain prior [of Joua], eminent senior select for. 



^John. — On August 15 of this 
year, King John renewed (by 
Letters) an appeal before the Le- 
gate against the bishops of Clogher, 
Clonmaonoise, Kells and Ardagh, 
the archdeacon of Armagh and 
others, who had shown a manifest 
desire to work against the king's 
right respecting the then vacant 



church of Armagh [CalendaT of 
Documents relating to Ireland, vol. T. 
No. 168). 

* Carrach. — Soabidus, D : cor- 
rectly. For different aocounta of 
his death, see Annals of Lock te 
1202 y. M. ; 1201. 

1203. ^King of Tir-Connaill.— 
Regius professor Ardmoighair ! D. 



240 



aMMalcc ulccDli. 



mine, aji mofi-Dact;, ap,° TnixicaiiT.e,° ap,' ctiaba-o, a\i 
ecna[i],' pofi: Tnct^nam t;fiibulcrcioneTn* ex: opciTnam 
ipentzQr\7:\am^ in quinx^o? IcalenDap TTlaii, in5peip[f]uip^ 
efc uiam umuepyae cajiniTp.* 

(ConcuBap,'' pua'o, mac "Oomnaill hUa bp.iain, "oo 
TTiaiaBaTi I'a "oeafiBiictuaiii i:ein, iDon, la TnuiinceaiT.uac, 
mac n-T)homnaill, mic 'Choiifiifi'Dealbui'& hUi bpiain. — 
■Coipp'Sealbac, mac Ruai-opi hUi Concubai|x, 'o'eclu'D ap 
a geiniitil 7 fm -do Tienum vo Chaml ciaoib-oeaias pif 7 
•pepann vn ^aBaipu -do. "Coiiaia-oealbac 'D'innapba[xi] "oo 
Chacat cpoiBTjeps 7 fi6 "do tienum pip po cecoip rpe 
inipiT)i na n-^aU, iDon, inailpep 7 Uarep.'') 

[bip,] jcal. 1an. ti." p.," Lccac. ui., CCnno "Oomini 171." cc" 1111.° ■= 
A 56c T)oipe^ T)o lopca-D | o ca pelic^ Tnapt;[a]in^ co T;ibpaic 
B58b CC'o|omna[i]n. — "Oiapmaic, mac TTluipoepcaig hUi Loc- 
lainn,* co ni vo ^baltaiB tdo tiaccain ap cpeic 1 tyip-n- 
eogain, CO poaip5pec in Scpin Colo im-ci lie, co p'ucpor; 
oppa "Dpem "do Ceniul-eogain, co pemaixi pop ^allaiB, co 
pomapba'D "Diapmaic cpia mipbailiB na Scpme. — Sloja'D 
la mac U 5a -De-taci co ni 'do ^hallaiB na TTli'De 1 n- 
tlllT;aib, CO poT)icuipeT)up Sheoan -DO-Clitiipc^ a htlllT;ai15. 
— TTIainipcip* vo '&enum "do Celluc . . . ° ap lap cpoi 

A.D. 1203. * — cionem, B. ' penecenciam, B. .u.cap, A; .u.ca, B, 
"=ap, cfwc, ayx ceitl, B; followed by C, D. " a^a eacna, ap, a-fm- 

qfiabaTD — fdr wisdom,' for exalted piety, B (C, D). k-^ om., B; uicam 

pniuic, C, D. "■>' n. t. h., A ; ora., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1204. '"Doirti, A. 2jieilic, A. 'maiTVCin, A. ^laclxcinti, B. 
*Cliuific, with no "Do Cuiyic — or (the name is not Do Churt, but) Do Cuirt 
— itl., t. h., B *■" n. t. h^ on blank space, A. '■ .xx., t. h. ; .m. added, 

ii. t. h., A. "..111." (1203), B, C, D. ^-^ om., B, C, D. ' blank=space for 

about 8 letters left in MS. (A). The missing words, there can be little 

doubt, are abbaT) la — abbot oflona. 



In the AnnaU of Loch Ce (1202) he 
is called king of Ard-Midhair 
(Ardmire, co. Donegal), which 



shews that the translator of D 

consulted other authorities. 

' ^ April 27. — It fell on Sun- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



241 



intelligence, for form, for appearance, for disposition, for 
gentleness, for magnanimity, for benevolence, for piety 
for wisdom, entered the way of all flesli, after great 
suffering and most excellent penance, on the 5th of the 
Kalends of May [April 272]. 

(Conchubhar* the Red, soi; of Domnall Ua Eriain, was 
killed by his own brother, namely, by Muircertach, son of 
Domnall, son of Toirrdhealbudh Ua Briain. — Toirrdheal- 
bach, son of Huaidhri TJa Gonchubhair, escaped from his 
captivity and peace was m^de by Cathal Bed-hand with 
him and land was given to him. Toirrdhealbach was 
expelled by Cathal Red-hand and peace was made with 
him immediately through intercession of the Foreigners, 
namely, Meyler* and Walter^ [De Lacy],) 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 26th of the moon, a.d. p^^g^ -gig i 
1204. Doire was burned from the Cemetery of [St.] Martin 
to the Well of [St.] Adomhnan. — Diarmait, son of Muir- 
certach Ua Lochlainn, with a force of Foreigners came on 
a foray into Tir-Eogain, so that they plundered the Shrine 
of [St.] Colum-cille, until a party of the Cenel-Eogain over' 
took them [and] defeat was inflicted upon the Foreigners 
[and] Diarmait was killed through miracles of the Shrine. 
— A hosting by [Ugo] the son of Ugo De Lacy with a 
force of Foreigners of Meath into Ulidia, so that they 
expelled John De Courcy out of Ulidia. — A monastery^ 
was built by Oellach, [abbot of lona] in the centre of the 



day in the present year. This 
goes to prove that the Aimals of 
Loch Ce (foUowed by the F. M.) 
err in assigning the obit to 1 202 ; 
in which the 27th fell on Saturday, 
a day of no particular note. For 
Ua Brolchain, see Adamnan, p. 409, 
note 0. 
3 Conchuihar, etc.— The additions 



are given (the last entry -with 
greater detail) in the Jnnals of 
Loch Ce {ad an,). 

' Meyler. — Meyler Pitz Henry 
(illegitimate son of King Henry I.), 
Justiciary of Ireland. 

^ Walter. — Son of HughDe Lacy. 

1204. ^ Monastery. — See Adam- 
nan, p. 412. 



242 



ccNNala uLccDn. 



la jan nac ■Dliget), T;aifi faiiti|u'D muinnrefii 1a, co jiomill 
m baile co Tn6|i. Slojaxp •oono la cleipciB Giaenn, i-oon, 
la pioi^inT; hUa Ceriballa[i]n, la efpuc 'Cirie-lieosain 7 
la TTlael-lfu htia n-T)oyii5, i-oon, efpuc T:iiae-Conaill 7 
la aba-D yieiclepa poil 7 pezmp. 1 n-CCfi-o-TTlaca 7 la 
hCCmalsaixi hUa peiagail, abax) feiclefa T)oiiae 7 la 
bCCinTni|ie bUa CoBcaig 7 focoixii mofi vo muinTiT;eyi 
"Doifxe 7 •pocaifii mop -do clei]^ciB in 'Cuaifce[i]iT.c, co 
Tiofcailfex: in TTlainifceiT. vo '(ie\\ivh^m na hecailfi. In 
c-CCttialgai'D laeiTiiaaici fin tdo jaBail abuaine lacfie 
coga gall 7 ^ai'oel.'' 

(TDuiticeaficac' 'CeacBac, mac ConcuBaiyilTlaentTiuise, 
mic RuaTDin hUi ConcuBaip, -do mapbaxi -oo'Ohiayimui'D, 
mac Tluai5|ii 7 vo C£bv, mac Ruai'op, i-Donj-od ■oeap^a- 
caifi a a^aiT, ■pein. — ITlai-Dm fiia n-T)homnall, mac 
TTlhecc Capiauais 7 ifiian-T)8afmuimnGacaib poyi ^ctHuiB, 
ubi ceciT)e|xunt; cenz:um fexa5inT;a uiiai, uel ampliup.*) 

ICal. Ian. un." p.,' I. uii., CCnno "Dommi m.° cc" u."" 
Si^piuc hUa Siiuicem/ aipcinnec na CongBala, i-oon," 
cenn hUa-mu|icele 7 r;oiinec Clainni-Snerogile ayi 
co€ucc, pofc opcimam pemcen^jiam ■pelicit:e|i piniuic 
(uicam") ec fepulcuf efc in cemplo qno-o paccum epc 
apu-Dipfum." — ■mael-bfii5ce°Ti1Jab©papa[i]n'D0C05a['D] 
1 comupbup bpenamn -do lap "Oaipe Coltum-cille." — 
hGoan "oo-Chuipc, innpe'bac ceall Gpenn 7 cuau, vo 
innapba['D] -do mac Uga "oe-Laci 1 "Cip-n-eogam' ap 
comuipce Ceniuil-eogain. 

A.D. 1204. "n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1205. i8p,tiicen,JB.— "-"n.t. h, on blank space, A. I'-.iiii." (1204), 
B (C, D) ; erroneously. »-»om., B,D; ■wMoh have cfuieuic after Congbala. 
"Died," 0. i^itl., n. t. h.,MS. (A). «•» cm., B, C, D. '-n-eosain om., 
probably from oversight, A. 



^ M uircertach. — This and the fol- 
lowing entry are given in Annals 
of Loch Ce [ad an.). 



1205. '^ By himself. — Apud ipsum 
in the original, — a literal Latin 
rendering of the Irish laisfein. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



243 



encolsure of lona, without any right, in dishonour of the [1204] 
Community of lona, so that he wrecked the place greatly. 
A hosting, however, was made by the clergy of Ireland, 
namely, by Florence Ua Cerballain, bishop of Tir-Eogain 
and by Mael-Isu Ua Dorig, that is, bishop of Tir-Oonaill 
and by the Abbot of the Monastery of Paul and Peter in 
Ard-Macha and by Amalgaidh Ua Fergail, abbot of the 
Monastery of Doire and by Ainmire Ua Cobhthaigh and 
a large number of the Community of Doire and a large 
number of the clergy of the North, so that they razed the 
monastery, according to the law of the Church. That 
Amalgaidh aforesaid took the abbacy of lona by selection 
of Foreigners and Gaidhil. 

(Muircertach^ of Tethbha, son of Conchubhar Maenm- 
huighe, son of Euaidhri Ua Conchubhair, was killed by 
Diarmuid, son of Puaighri and by Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, 
that is, two brothers of his own father. — Defeat [was 
inflicted] by Domnall, son of Mae Carthaigh and by the 
Desmonians upon the Foreigners, where fell one hundred, 
and sixty men, or more.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 7th of the moon, a.b. [1205] 
1205. Sitriuc Ua Sruithein, herenagh of the Congbhail, 
namely, head of Ui-Murthele and chief of Clann-Sneidhgile 
for ability, after most excellent penance felicitously 
finished (his life) and was buried in the church that was 
built by himself.^ — Mael-Brighte Ua Erarain was chosen 
into the succession of [St.] Brenann^ f rom^ the Community 
of Doire of Colum-cille. — John De Courcy, destroyer of 
the churches and territories of Ireland, was expelled by 
[Ugo] the son of Ugo De Lacy into Tir-Eogain, to the 
protection* of Cenel-Eogain. 



^Succession of \_St.'\ Brenann.— 
That is, very probably, was made 
bishop of Clonfert. 

^ From. — Literally, /roOT the centre: 
meaning that he had no previous 



connexion with the see over which 
he was placed. 

* To the protection. — The passage 
is thus translated in D : In eorum 
proteotione receperuut per nomen 



244 



ccMMaLcc uLaroTi. 



ICal. Ian. i." p,° I. x.tiiii., CCTinoT)omini m." cc.° ui."* 
masnov lilla Cam[i]n, mac \i-\^ Ciannacc^ 7 ■pep-na- 
CrvaiBe, ruiifi saifCTO 7 beogacca in t:uairce[i]]T.c, -do 
^uiT;im le sum foigT)!. — SoeiaBperac hUa T)oiiaeiT), 
aiticmnec TDoTTiTiais-naoiTi, in pace quieuic. — paryiaic" 
htla^ ■mo^i;ia[i]n quieui^; in pace. 

A56d ICal. 1an. 11.^ -p., I. xoc.ix.,CCnno "Domini m.'cc." uii.° i- 
"OoninaU" hUa ITIuitie'Daig, ap^peifileisinn TDaipe 
Coluim-cille, pofc nfiagnam^ cfiibularjionem [uicam] 
•peliciT;e|i piniuic. Ocuf poTJOga-o TTIuipcepcac 
miUu5a[i]n (no^ maelasaLiln") 'n-a ina'D.'— ITlael- 
peT;aip hUa Calma[i]n, comapba^ Cainnig, cuip cpaba-o 
7 aims 'Chuaifce[i]pt; 6penn, in pace quieuic. He 
"Dixie poeea° : 

eapbait) hUa Calma[i]n 'n-a cill, 

Olc 'n-a o^aiT) ni aipmim : 

lea parti UT)^ t) 'an poce pin, 

'Moce gan cpaba'o 'n-a cocpaig. 

'(1205), 



A.D. 



o-.u.' 



1206. iCiannacca, B. ^ 0, A. »■" blank space, A. 
B (C, D); erroneously, ""om., C, D. ' 

A.D. 1207. 1 tnagntim, MS. (A). == cottiufiba, A. ' I'ama'o, B. "^"nt.h. 
on blank space, A. ''-.tii." (1206), B (C, D) ; erroneously. «-"oni., B,C, 
D. The piaicbe^icac entry is also omitted in D. ""'i itl., t. h., MS. (A). 
* om., A. 



Cumarlcy ! Comuirce is rendered 
safe-conduct in C. 

1206. '■Fell, etc. — Percussus sa- 
gitta oecidit mortuus, JD. 

1207. ^ Cainnech. — Laygniiin'D. 
On the margin, another hand 
placed : In alio manuscripto 
Cainech ; q. Achad. (" The other 
MS." is probably 0, •which has 
Caynech. ) The query refers to St. 
Canice's foundation of Ached-bo 
(plain of oo-ws), i.e., Aghaboe, 
Queen's county. But the context 
shews that a church in the north 



of Ireland is intended. This was 
Dromachose, in the native place of 
St. Canice, barony of Keenaght, 
00. Londonderry. See O'Donovan 
F. M., iii. 149 ; Adamnan, p. 121. 

"Loss. — The C-vereion of this 
entry may be quoted in fuU, as 
typical of the translator's non-ac- 
quaintance with the old language. 
The omission of the third quatrain, 
tareis in the second and " giveth" 
(dobeir, a reading which, it has to 
be noted, is erroneous) in the fourth 
shew that the B-text was his 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



245 



Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 18th of the moon, a.d. 

1206. Maghnus Ua Cathain, son of the king of Cian- 
nachta and Fir-na-craibhe, tower of championship and 
courage of the North, felP by the wound of an arrow. — 
Soerbhrethach Ua Doireidh, herenagh of Domnach-mor, 
rested in peace. — Patrick TJa Moghrain rested in peace. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 29th of the moon, a.d. 

1207. DomhnaU TJa Muiredaigh, chief lector of Daire 
of Colum-ciUe, after great suffering felicitously finished 
his life. And Muircertach O'Millugain (or O'Maelagain) 
was chosen in his stead. — Mael-Petair Ua Calmain, 
successor of [St.] Cainnech,i tower of piety and hospitality 
of the North of Ireland, rested in peace. As the poet 
said ; 

Loss^ [is] Ua Calmain in his church. 
Evil in comparison therewith I reckon not ; 
There^ is a community silent [with grief] thereat, 
That to-night there is no piety in his abbey .^ 



[1206] 



[1207] 



original. The egregious mistake 
of easpadh, losfi, for espoe, bishop, is 
specially significant. (In the MS. 
the lines and verses are written 
continuously.) 

" Mael-Peter O'Oalman, ooarb of 
Cayneoh, a man full of liberality 
and goodnes of all the North [of 
Ireland], in pace quievit. iJt poeta 
dixit : 

Co'ppcroh, etc. iin English i 
Bishop O'CoIman in his church, 
To which I Compare noe dther evill ; 
There ig a s^jictilary which that hurteth. 
That this night there is noe prayer in 
his oitty: 

[Zia^eif, etc. :] signifying : 
After Cainegh of chast body 
UntiU he arise over his alter, 

[Third line is not translated.] 
None shall tye cap on h i m so good. 



Though noe man under heaven 
Saved his church from demons. 
Who is hee sanctified 
That might but O'Colman 1 

Co[Tn]a|iba, etc. : 'thus : 
The coarb of Cainegh of churches, 
A want to aU in common, 
Giveth lampntapion to all thepoore, 
His death is a great evill." 

The author of D merely gives 
the substance of the first quatrain 
(in which he shews he understood 
the meaning of easpadh) : De quo 
dictum fuit, quod eo defficiente, 
relUgio defuit ineius ciuitate. 

^-^ There — abbey. — Literally, 

There is a community to which silence 

[is] that, 
[Namely] to-night without piety in his 

abbey. 



246 aMMoclcc ulcroTi. 

OCfveif* Cainnig in cuipp 015 
Wo CO ti'sipil uaf alroip, 
■Ni ciall "Danufpdca^ in plaic, 
Ni pa's cdba pa comaic. 

Robo" fai 1^)11 binn fciamglain, 
TTlaiu jiocongba-D coertifiiasail, 
Ro-ptiecaiB i;ap,6a 1 n-gac can, 
Rob' eacnaix) ampa, uapaL" 

^en" CO •paepa'D nee po mm 
1n^ "DuBpeiciep ap •oeifinaiB, 
^ ^^° '^ya naemcap | cen^ locc ap lap, 

"l^opaeppaxi copp htli Calnia[i]n. 

Comapba" Cainnij na cell, 
1p "Die "DO cac 1 coiccenn, 
1p bpon "DO jac bocc x)o15ip,' 
1p mop in c-olc a eapbaixi. 
eapbaTO h. C. — 

T)iu mop ap 'SainiB 7 ap inniliB ipin blia'oain pi. — 
[ph]laicbepT;ach hUct [ph]Laicbepz;ai5, ppioip T)uine- 
^eimin, in pace quieuic — ^illa-pacpaic'htla'Palacnais, 
aipcinnec 'Duin-Cpuicne, mopT;u[u]p eyz- — TTluipceprac 
hUa [pbjlaiubepcaig mopuu[u]f epc.° — Cpec mebla la 
Cenel-Conaill i n-tlib-'Pbapanna[i]n'^'' 7 1 Clamn- 
"Diapmaca, co pogabpac bu 7 co pomapbpac -ooine. 
Tlucpar; oppa Clann-'Diapmat;a 7htli- [ph]aipenna[i]n" 
7 hUi-'-^ ^ccilmpeDaig, co pomapbaxi dp 'Diaipmi'&e 7 co 
pobaiTiexi pocai-oe -oiB. — Slogaxi la hUga -oe-taci co n- 
^allaiB TDifie 7 taigen 1 "Coluc-n-ooc, co poloipcuea 
cealla 7 apbanna. Ocup ni pucpac geill na eiiDipe 
CCe'Dahtli Neill'Do'n cup pin. — 8lo5ax)lahll5a -oe-taci 

*T:arieip, B. 5_peccca, B. 85111, A. ''an, B. ^sen, B. '■Dobeifi, B. 
" eari- (p om.), A. " aitiititiati, B. 12 xHa, B. 

* Within it Literally-j on the] ^Drowned. — D says the leader 

centre. \ ^as Ua DomnaiU and adds : tamen 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 247 

After Cainnecli of tlie body pure ri2071 

TJntil arose [Ua Calmain] above an altar. 

It is not known whether [one as good as Ua 

Calmain] saw the [heavenly] kingdom, 
There went not [monk's] mantle upon one as good. 

He was a master scribe of beautiful execution, 
Well used he keep the fair Rule, 
He gave useful responses on every occasion. 
He was a sage, distinguished, eminent. 

Although no one under heaven could save 

His penitentiary from demons. 

Though he were sanctified without defect within it,* 

[Yet] the body of Ua Calmain would save it. 

The successor of Gainnech of the churches. 
It is injury to every one in general. 
It is grief to every wretched person, 
It is a great evil, — ^his loss. 

Loss [is] Ua Calmain, etc. 

Great destruction on people and cattle in this year. — 
[F]laithbertach Ua [F]laithbertaigh, prior of Dun- 
Greimhin, rested in peace. — Gilla-Patraic Ua Falachtaigh, 
herenagh of Dun-Cruithne, died. — Muircertach Ua 
[F]laithbertaigh died. — A treacherous foray by the Cenel- 
Conaill into Ui-Fhearannain and into Clann-Diarmata, 
so that they seized cows and killed people. The Clann- 
Diarmata and the Ui-[Fh]airennain and the Ui-Grailm- 
redhaigh overtook them, so that a countless number of 
them were slain and a multitude were drowned.^ — A 
hosting by Hugo De Lacy with the Foreigners of Meath 
and of Leinster into Telach-oc, so that churches and crops 
were burned. And they took not the pledges or hostages 
of Aedh Ua Neill on that occasion. — A hosting by Hugo 

Conallii cum magna diffioultate I runt. Both particulars are found 
predam in suam patriam adduxe- I in the account given in the F. M. 



248 



aNMccLcc uLoroTi. 



1 Ciannacc[aib], co poloifc cella Ciannacc uile 7 co 
laogaB b<j CO 'oiaiiami'De. — Comaiiba pcrcjiaic •do xitil co 
rec T115 8axan tdo focup cealL Gpenn 7 vo ca^air; ^ctll 

[bir-] ]cal. Ian. 111." p.," I. x.," CCnno T)omini m.° cc.° uiii.°° 
Cpec la hGisnecan hUa n-T)omnaiU 1 'Pefiaib-ITlanac, 
cop'saBfor;^ b<j 7 co fiucpac Pin-TTlanac ipopjfia, co 
fiomafiba-a hUa^ "Oomnaill, |\i 'Cbiiae-ConaiU, ann,con- 
dja 'Diaiiami'De t)0 maiuiB Ceniuil^-CotiaiLl tnaiUe ppif- 

A o7a ]Cal. 1an. u." p," I. xx. 1.," CCnno T)omini m.° cc.° ix." ° 
Cpecfluagax) La hCCe'S litia Meill 1 n-lnif-n-eogain 7 
|iuc T)omnaibl paiyi, co cucipac ca€ in fiamap-ba-D dp 
•DiaifimiTie -oaine T^oiagac lec,^ bail fiomai^bax) "Oomnall, 
mac TTluiacatia, -do Chenel-eogam. ■pefigalimofiiiohUa 
baigill 7'' Cacbayip. hUa 'Oomnaill'^ 7 Cojimac hUa 
"Oomnaill 7 "OabiT) hUa "OocuyiLaij co ipocaixie "do 
maiciB Ceneoil-Conaill imaille yim.^ — Cac vncyac 

B 58d meic I Ragnaill, mic Somoyilig, po|x pepaiB Qcia-o, 
t)(j in pamafibaxt a° n-dp." 

A.D. 1208. 'S"V-'—> -A-' ''Oi ■*■■ ''Gene?,, A — «■» n. t. h. on blank 
space, A. ''' .xx., B. "-.tm." (1207), B (C, D) ; erroneously. 

A.D. 1209. 'leccc, A. ^tnaiUe (aphaeresis of i), B. "-"n. t. h, on 
blank space, A. '',x.,B. But, to be consistent, it should be i.! "-.uiii.° 
(1208) B (C, D) ; erroneously. ^-^ om. , B, C, D. '■» &fi 'Oymtime—slaughter 
innumerable^ B. 



^Successor of [St.] Patrick — Tbe 
arcbbisbop of Armagh. This was 
Eohdonn (latinized Eugenius) Mao 
GiUe-uidhir. On May 4, 1203, 
King John granted tbe see of 
Armagb and primacy of Ireland 
(of. A.D. 1202, note 3, supra) to 
Humphrey of TikehuU. On the 
22nd of the same month, he notified 



the suffragans and subjects of the 
archdiocese that Eugene, " called 
the elect of Armagh," had, against 
the king's consent and after the 
king's appeal to the Pope, gone to 
Rome to secure his promotion and 
commanded them, if he should re- 
turn, not to receive him as arch- 
bishop. Humphrey having died, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 249 

De Lacy into Ciannachta, so that lie burued the churches [1207] 
of all Ciannachta and seized cows to a countless number. — 
The successor of [St.] Patrick^ went to the court of the king 
of the Saxons to succour the churches of Ireland and to 
accuse the Foreigners of Ireland. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 10th of the moon, a.d. 1208. i:i208Bi8.] 
A foray by Eignecan Ua Domnaill into Fir-Manach, so 
that they seized cows and the Fir-Manach overtook them, 
so that Ua Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, was killed there, 
with slaughter innumerable of the nobles of Cenel-Conaill 
along with him.^ 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 21st of the moon, a.d. [1209] 
1209. A foray-hosting by Aedh Ua Neill into Jnis- 
Eogain and Ua Domnaill overtook him, so that they gave 
battle, wherein were killed a countless number of persons 
on each side. Here was killed Domnall Mac Murchadha 
of the Cenel-Eogain ; also Ferghal Ua Baighill and 
Cathbarr Ua Domnaill and Cormac Ua Domnaill and 
David Ua Dochurtaigh, with a multitude of the nobles of 
Cenel-Conaill along with them. — ^A battle was fought by 
the sons of Raghnall, son of Somurlech, against the Men of 
Sciadh, wherein slaughter was inflicted upon them .^ 



the king (Feb. 10, 1204) approved 
of Kalph, archdeacon of Meath, 
and commanded the clergy and 
laity to consider him elected and 
obey him (Doc. Ire., 177, 178, 20D). 
These letters were disregarded : 
perhaps, never reached their desti- 
nation. Echdonn was confirmed 
by Innocent III. and obtained 
peaceable possession of the See. We 
next find the king availing of his 
services. On July 19 of the pre- 
sent year, he informs the ousto- 



sends Eugene, archbishop of Ar- 
magh and primate of Ireland, to 
execute the episcopal office in that 
diocese and commands them to find 
him suitable maintenance with six 
horses {ubi sup., 331). 

The visit here mentioned may 
have been one of the reasons that 
influenced John to go to Ireland 
three years later. 

1208. iffim.— D adds: Et eius 
loco filius suocedit in regimine. 

1209. ^Them.—X> adds: Eodem 



dians of the See of Exeter that he I anno O'Donill fecit exercitum ad- 

K 



250 



ccMMccLcc uLoroTi. 



(Pin5in/mac 'DiaiT.Tina'Da, mic Co]imuic TTlhss Ca'(i\i- 
cai§, lai "Oeaftnusan, iTiDeyipeccuf efc a fuif. — tlalsatic 
litJa Tluaiyic -D'aiciaija'S 7 (X.]rc, mac "DomnaiU, mic 
pheajigail hUi nuaific, -do fiisa-D 1 n-a ina^.'— OCnno' 
Tnillefitmo -oucencefimoque nono (nonono, MS.), CClaoc- 
an-oep, "Ooccofi iieueiaen-ouf avque ITlasifceii, "Ooccpi- 
nale fuum Tie-oic cunc legeiroum.'') 

]CaL Ian. tii." ■p.," 1.11.," CCnno t)omini m.° cc" cc.° ° 
S't-T-a-Ciiiy'c hVta Ceyinais, comaiT,ba ConT)epe, in bona 
penii;enaa quietnt;. — Tli 8axan t)0 ^aTOecc 1 n-Gpinn co 
lonjaif -Diaiyimi'De, iTJon,' fecc^ cec^ long." 

(CCiar:' mac 'Domnaill, mic Pep-gail hUi Ruaijac, \^^ 
Otieipne, -do mayiba'o cp.e meaBail la Coyimac, mac CCiiac 
Titli TTlhail-Sheaclainn. — Ceile hlla IDnBuais, epfcop 
TTlhaigi-Go naSaa;[an],in CTifiifco quieuiu. — piaicbe|it;ac 
liUapiainn, iDon, comoyiba tDaconnaQaffa-mic-n-GipC' 
[-efiic, MS.] mopruuf efc') 

A.D. 1209. t'n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. e-st. m., n. t. h., A ; om. 
B, C, D. 

A.D. 1210. "-occ, MS. (A).— '-»n. t. h., onblank space, A. " To be 
in keeping with preceding year, the epact of B should be xxi. "-.ix." (1209), 
B (C, D) ; in error. ^ In B, C, D, this item follows the Ui Saxan entry. 
'■' cm., B, 0, J). «-* n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 



versus Hugonem O'NeUium et 
Eogananses et, capta preda magna 
et obsidibuSjpaxperpetua stabilita 
fuit inter O'Nellum et O'Donill, 
cum promissis de adiutorio hinc 
inde prestando aduersua quos- 
cunque eorum aduersarios, siue 
f uiseent Angli, siue Hiberni. 

This entry is given in the F. M. 
at 1208. 

^ Fiiiffhin, etc. — This and the 
Ualgharc entry are in the Annals of 
Loch Ce, 1209. 

" .4 fexanifer.-— Alexander de Villa 
Dei, or de Villedieu, a Franciscan 



of Dole. Professor of Latin in 
Paris, where his chief work, the 
Doclrinak Fuerorum, a versified 
Latin Grammar, was composed in 
1209. It held the foremost place 
as text-book for more than two 
centuries. The authors of the His- 
toire Ktteraire de la France (Tome 
xvi., p. 188-9. Paris, 1824) allow 
it no merit. 

The Biblical Leonine verses 
attributed to him and which de- 
serve the censure given by the 
Benedictines (foe. cit.) are spurious, 
according to some. See Joeoher: 



ANNULS OP ULSTER. 



251 



(Finghirij^ son of Diarmaid, son of Cormac Mac Car- 
thaigh, king of Desmond, was slain by his own [people]. — 
Ualgharc Ua Euairc was dethroned and Art, son of 
Domnall, son of Fearghal TJa Euairc, was made king in 
his stead. — In the year [of our Lord] one thousand two 
hundred and nine, Alexander,^ reverend Doctor [of Theo- 
logy] and Master [of Arts], then [first] delivered his 
Doctrinal to be read.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 2nd of the moon, a.d. 
1210. Gilla-Crist Ua Oernaigh, bishop^ of Conderi, 
rested in good penance. — The king^ of the Saxons [John] 
came into Ireland with a fleet hard to count, namely, seven 
hundred ships. 

(Art,» son of Domnall, son of Ferghal Fa Euairc, king 
of Breifni, was killed through treachery by Cormac, son 
of Art Ua Mail-Seachlainn. — CeileUa Dubhthaigh, bishop 
of Magh-Eo of the Saxons, rested in Christ. — Maithbertach 
Ua Flainn, namely, successor of [St.] Dachonna* of Eas- 
mic-Eirc, died.) 



[1209] 



[1210] 



AUgemeines Gelehrten Lexicon, p. 
260 (Leipzig, 1750). 

1210. ^ Bisliop. — Literally, suc- 
cessor (of the founder, Mac-Cnisse ; 
[only] son of [his mother] Cness : 
L. L. 369 f, 373 b). 

^ The king, etc. ■ — For the itinerary 
of John, from " Crook near Water- 
ford " [June 20] to " The mead near 
Dublin " [Aug. 24th], see Doc. Ire. 
401—9. 

^Art, etc. — These three items 
make up all the entries given in 
the Annals of Loch Ce under this 
year. 

* Dachonna. — O'Donovan [F. M. 
iii., p. 162) and Eeeves (Adamnan, 
p. 281) fell into an unaccountable 



error in making Dachonna the son 
of Ere. According to the OeneaUgies 
of Saints (Jj. L., p. 348b) and the 
Nemsenchas (veraified Genealogies : 
L. Be. [Book of Ballymote], p. 230a 
11. 40, 41), Dachonna and Lugaid 
and bishop Cormac were sons of 
Echaid, son of lUand, son of 
Eogan [a quo Cenel-Eogain] (son, 
L. L., loc. cit., adds, of Niall of the 
Nine Hostages). 

The son of Ere, from -whom the 
Cataract (Ess : at present, Assylyn, 
on the Boyle, about a mile -west of 
the town) took its ancient name, 
■wasprobably Echaid, the last of the 
Firbolgic kings, who was slain in the 
battle of Magh Tuired, near Cong. 

k2 



252 



aMMala ularoli. 



■jCaL Ian. uii-'-p-.H., x.iii.,'=CCTino "Domini m.° cc.°x.'"=i.°° 
gaill T)o OTiTiecc CO Caeluifp, co pouinoil CCexi hUa 
Ueill ConaiU 7 eogain 7 Oirisiallu,^ co |ioniapbax) leif. 

(■Coip-T^TiealBac,'' mac ■Ruai'Siii hUi ChoncuBaiyi, -do 
•oenum cjieice 1 TTlas-luiris, ^u ^-"5 ^eif ifin Segaif hi 
■Docum 'Diafimoxia, a bifia€a|i7 T)olean COO'S, mac Ca€ail, 
he 5U n-Tieacai'D if "Cuaifpi^i: afi t;eiceax> yieirhe. — 
biT.ai5T)e ChonnaccTDO coigecci n-efimn, mon, "DiayimaiX) 
mac ConcuBaiia, ConcuBayi hU eagpa 7 Pnn hUa 
Carimacan 7 'CoibeaifX'D, mac 5all-5aoix)iL — OCitieaccac 
TTlac "Oonncaif) [occifup efc]*) 

[bi|^.] ]Cal Ian. 1. -p., I. xx. 1111., CCnnoT)omini m.° cc.° x.° ii-°* 
Sicfiiuc htia tai5ena[i]n, comaiaba ComsaiU, -do ec 7 
CCenguf TTlac Co|imaic -do oiiaxmex) 1 n-a ma-D. — Caiipcel 
Cltiana-eoif'ooT)enam -do ^hallaiB (7" T)o'n gaillepfcop") 
7 criecfluagaxi^ t)0 T)enum tioib'^ 1 'Ci|i-n-eo5ain. (Ocuf" 
cusfaT) Pia-mhanac dp mop oppa ann-") — CCex> htia 
■Meill, pi Conaill 7 eogain 7 CCipgiall, -do bpeic oppa" 7 
maiT)m pop ^halluiB, t)u in pomapbax) dp 'Diaipitiixie 
■DiB- — "Comap, mac Uccpaig, co macaiB Ragnaill, mic 
Somaplis, -DO caiSefc t)0 T»haipe Coluim-cille co pe* 
longaiB peccmoja-o* 7 in baile •do milliuxt -DOib co mop 
7 Imp-eojam co huiliTii vo miUiuf) -ooib 7 -do Cheniul^- 

Conaill. 

A.D. 12U. ^ CCiri5iallti, A.— »» n. t. h. on blank space, A. " .xui., B. 
The scribe mistook «. for u. "-"-.x." (1210), B (C, D) ; erroneously. 
i-^n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1212. '— aigax), B. ^po|^p,o, B. 'm., A, B. *.txx.aT), A, B. =— 
neol, A. — "-'.x.o .1° (1211), B (C, D). The ferial and epaot (which are 
given in B also) show that the year is 1212. ''■'' itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 
C, D. ^om.,B. 



1211. ^ Toirrdhealbach, etc. — 
These entries (with the variant 
Mac Duinnohathaigh in the third) 
are given in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(ad an.). 



^ The pledges, —They vrere carried 
by King John the preceding year 
to England, according to the An- 
nals of Loeh Ce. 

^ Foreign-Oaidhel. — See Vol. I., 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



253 



Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 13th of the moon, a.d. [12ii] 

1211. The Foreigners came to Narrow- Water, unti} 
Aedh Ua Neill assembled [Cenel-]Conaill and [Cenel-] 
Eogain and the Airghialla, so that they [the Foreigners] 
were killed by him. 

(Toirrdhealbach,^ son of Riiaidhri Ua Conchubhair, 
made a foray into Magh-Luirg, until he brought the 
spoil with him into the Seghas to Diarmod, his kinsman. 
And Aodh, son of Cathal, followed him, until [Toirrdheal- 
bach] went into the North, fleeing before him. — The 
hostages^ of Connacht came [back] to Ireland: namely, 
Diarmaid, son of Conchubhar [Mac Diarmata], Conchubhar 
Ua Eaghra and Finn Ua Carmacan and Toibeard, son 
of a Foreign-Graidhel.^ — Aireachtach Mac Donnchaidh 
[was slain].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 24th of the moon, a.d. [1212 Bis.] 

1212. Sitriuc Ua Laighenain, successor of [St.] Comgall 
[of Bangor], died and Oengus Mac Oormaic was instituted 
in his stead. — The castle of Cluain-Eois was built by the 
Foreigners (and by the Foreign bishop^) and a foray- 
hosting was made by them into Tir-Eogain (And the Fir- 
Manach inflicted great slaughter upon them there.) — 
Aedh Ua Neill, king of [Cenel-]Oonaill and of [Cenel-] 
Eogain and of the Airghialla overtook them and defeat 
[was inflicted] upon the Foreigners, wherein were killed 
a countless number of them. — Thomas, son of Uchtrach 
with the sons of Eaghnall, son of Somarle, came to 
Daire of [St.] Colum-cille with six and seventy ships and 
the town was greatly destroyed by them and Inis-Eogain 
was completely destroyed by them and by the Cenel- 
Conaill. 



p, 365, u. 10. The Annals of Loch 
Ce state he was one of the stewards 
of 0' Conor. 



1212. ^Foreign bishop. — John de 
Gray, bishop of Norwich ; justiciary 
of Ireland, 1210-13. 



254 



aw Mala tila"DTi. 



B59a 



(Sloigea'D'' te ConnaccaiB rjie co5aiiT,m in ^hmllepf- 
coib 7 ^illibeyic TTlic S^oiip'oealB gu heaf-jfiuai-D, gu n- 
"DeapTia'D caiylen Chailuifge leo.') 

A 57b ]caL Ian. in.* p," I. «., CCnno 'Ooniini Tn." cc.° x-"^ 111.°" 
"Ooncaxi TTlac^ Cana/ T^oifec Ceneoit-CCenguipa, t)0 ec — 
Cfiec 750 "oenam 'oo ^^illa piaclac hUa Oaigill 7 vo 
■Di^eim -DO Ceniul-Conaill ay. Ceniul-n-eogain 7 fiat; ap. 
einec Ceneoil-ConailL uile 7 hUi 'CaiiT,ce[i]ia'c'' co fon- 
jiaxiac. I Rue iTnoiaiio hUa 'Caiiace[i]iT.u po|i|ia 7 peyiait;" 
T)ebaiT) ppiu." TTlafibcaii imoffio in '^\\la fiabac hUa 
'Caipce[i]|it:, iT)on, fiigcoiipec Clainm-Snei'Dsile 7 Cla- 
inni-pingin, 1 cofnum a einig. — "Diiuim-cain co n-a cem- 
pall T>o lofca-D T)o Ceniul-eogain gan ceac -oo' hUa^ 
■Neill. — Pejigal hlla Caua[i]n, yii Ciannacc 7 peyi-na- 
CftaiBe.-Domatiba'D'DoShallaiB.— T)omnallhtla*'Oainiin 
'Domai^ba'D'Dotnacaib TTles lactam n 1° n-Dop-uip tieiclefa 
"Daipe Coluim-cille. 

(Caiflen'^ Chluana-e-oif -do lorguxi- — 5iUibe]at; TTlac 
CoifxiealB vo mafiba-D 1 Caiflen-an-cail 7 in caiflen 
■DO lofga'D pof ann. — "Oonncaxt hUa heixiin 'oo 'oalla'D 
le hOCeti, mac Cacail cyioiC-oeyis. — ITlaiTini Cbaille-na- 
cyiann -do ^abaific vo Coiimac, mac CCip-i:; bUi THhail,- 
SheacLamn, ap. ^ballaib.'*) 

■jCal. Ian. 1111% -p.M. x.ui.,CCnTio "Oomini Tyi.°cc.''x.'"' 1111.°'' 
"Oonn hUa^ byieiflen -do majfiBa'D •o'a aijaiucc pein 1 

A.D. 1212. = = n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1213. "TTlacana, A. ^Z,^'(ic—,B. »-3'd6[=T)0 6], A. < 0, A. 
* a, B.— '"'n. t. h.., on blank space, A. '>■'>. ac.» 11." (1212), B (C, D) ; erro- 
neously. "'" pejiaro 'oeabai'D poififiu — Ah attack is delivered upon them, B. 
^■^ n. t. b., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 12U. '0,A. B. »•'> n. t. b., on blank space, A. ■'■''x." iii.» (1213), 
B (C, D); erroneously. 



2 A liostmg. — Given in the Annals 
of Lock Ce (ad an.) 



1213. ^Proteetion. — Here and 
lower down, comuirce is rightly 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



255 



(A hosting^ by the Connachtmen, tlirougli summons of 
the Foreign bishop and of Qillibert Mac Coisdealbh, to 
Eas-ruadh, so that the castle of Narrow-Water was made 
by them.) 



[1212] 



Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 5th of the moon, a.d. 
1213. Donnchadh Mac Cana, chief of Cenel-Oenghusa, 
died. — ^A foray was made by Gilla Eiachlach TJa Baighill 
and by a party of the Cenel-Conaill upon the Cenel- 
Eogain, who were all under the protection^ of the Cenel- 
Conaill and of TJa Tairchert in particidar. Howbeit, 
Ua Taircheirt overtook them and [his force] gave battle 
to them. However, the Gilla Eiabhach TJa Taircheirt, 
namely, royal chief of Clann-Sneidhghille and Clann- 
Finghin, is killed in defence of [those under] his protec- 
tion. — Druim-cain with its church was burned by the 
Cenel-Eogain without permission from [the king] Ua 
Neill. — Ferghal Ua Cathain, king of Ciannachta and Fir- 
na-craibhe, was killed by the Foreigners. — Domnall Ua 
Daimin was killed by the sons of Mac Lachlainn at the 
door of the Monastery of Daire of [St.] Colum-cille. 

(The castle^ of Cluain-Eois was burned. — GiUibert Mac 
Coisdealbh was killed in the castle of the !Narrow [-"Water] 
and the castle was also burned at the time. — Donnchadh 
Ua Eidhin was blinded by Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand 
[Ua Conch ubair], — The defeat of the "Wood of the [High] 
Trees was given by Cormac, son of Art Ua Mail-Seach- 
lainn, to the Foreigners.) 

Kalends of 'Jan. on 4th feria, 16th of the moon, a.u. 
1214. Donn Ua Breislen was killed by his own council 



[1213] 



[1214] 



rendered patfocinium by the trans- 
lator of J). 

2 The castle. — These four items 



are found in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(_ad. an.). The castle, they state, 
was destroyed bj' O'Neill. 



256 



aMNala tilccT)Ti. 



A 57c 



meBail.2— T:omdf,TnacUCT]iai57 Ruai'Sfii, mac RagnaiLl, 
■DO arigain T)aifii 50 huilitii 7 vo bjieiu fez muinncerie 
X)m]\e 7 'Cuaifce[i]iau Gpenn apcena t)0 ld|i T;empailL in 
rieiclera imac.— hUai Ccrca[i]Ti, 7 Pri-Tia-Cfiailje vo -ciac- 
min CO t)ai]ie do gabail caigi 'mo macai15 TTles lac- 
lainn, co^ ixomajabfac^ celLoiyi morx peiclera "Omyie 
eccopa. "Dopona *Oia 7 Coluim-ciUe cpamijibail moiia 
annpein : tdoti, in pefi cinoiL 7 cocafuail, i-oon, TYlac- 
Samain TDas CCitrne/ ■do maiabaxi 1 n-einec Coluim- 
citle po cecoiyi 1 n-Dojiuf in •DubpeicleyaColuim-cilLe. — 
OCinmifie bUa Cobcaig, ab fieiclefa T)aifie, uapaLcleip.ec 
cogaiTie ap° cpabaxi, ap •Duccup, ap mine, aji mop-Sacu^ 
ap mi-bcaipe, ap mop-oepc, ap ecna[i], ap gac maic[i]up 
apcena," pope opcimam pemcenciam in5pep[p]up epc 
uiam uniuepp[a]e capmp 1 n-Dubpeiclep Coluim-cille.- 
Capcel Cula-pacam no -oenum le'' 'Comap, mac tlcupaig 
7 le fallal B tllax>. Ocup popcaileD peiLce 7 clacana 7 
cumnaici in baiLe uiLe, cenmoca in cempall amain, 
cuicepein." — Ui CCLban vo ec, TOon, Uilliam gapm. — CCe'o 
hUa^ Neill do rabaipc ma'Dma ] ap ^'^'^^^'^''^ 7 Depgdp 
^all DO cup ann 7 in Caiplongpopu do lopcaD ipm loa 
cecna, eicip Dame 7 inniTe. 

(^ilLa'-na-naetfi bUa RuaDan, epipcopup Luigne, in 
Chpipco quieuiu. — ©pipcopup Cluana-mac-Noip, iDon, 

A.D. 1214. ^meabail, B. "gu|im_^A. ^-aicne, B. 'O.A. «-" om. 
with exception of af\, ecna— for wisdom — . whioli is placed after cogaiTie, 
B ; all om., C ; " Aynnire Coffay, abbas Derensis, mortuus est," D (in 
which it is the last item). " yie, with dot underneath and I overhead, 
t. h., A, — a clear proof that the exemplar contained the correct form. 
« cam m cmpcel pin— /<»■ that castle, B. C follows A ; D, B. "n. t. h., 



1214. ^Manciple. — Literally, 
great Cellarer [great being redun- 
dant). 

The original celloir is the equi- 
valent of the Latin celtarius, whose 
duties are thus defined in the Rule 
of St. Isidore : Iste prebebit heb- 



domadariis quidquid necessarium 
est victui monachorum, hospitiim, 
infirmorum. . Is etiam quidquid 
residuum fuerit pro pauperum 
usibus reservabit. . . Ad huno 
quoque pertinent horrea, greges 
ovium et pecorum, lana, linmu, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



257 



in treachery. — Thomas, son of Uchtrach and Ruaidhri, son. 
of Raghnall, plundered Daire completely and took the 
treasures of the Community of Daire and of the North of 
Ireland besides from out the midst of the church of the 
Monastery. — Ua Cathain and the Men of Craibh came to 
Daire to seize a house against the sons of Mac Lachlainn, 
so that between them they killed the great manciple^ of 
the Monastery of Daire. But God and [St.J Colum-cille 
wrought a great miracle therein : the man that assembled 
and mustered [the force], namely, Mathgamain Mag 
Aithne, was killed in reparation to Colum-cille immediately, 
at the door of the Penitentiary of Colum-cille.^ — Ainmire 
Ua Cobhthaigh, abbot of the Monastery of Daire, eminent 
cleric select for piety, for disposition, for meekness, for 
magnanimity, for benevolence, for great charity, for every 
goodness besides, after most excellent penance entered 
the way of all flesh in the Penitentiary of Colum-cille. — 
The castle of Cuil-rathain was built by Thomas, son of 
Dchtrach and by the Foreigners of Ulidia. And all the 
cemeteries and fences and buildings of the town, save the 
church alone, were pulled down for that. — The King of 
Scotland died, na,mely, William^ Garm. — Aedh TJa Neill 
gave a defeat to the Foreigners and stark slaughter of the 
Foreigners was inflicted therein and Carrlongport was 
burned, both people and effects, on the same day. 

(GiUa-na-naemh^ Ua Euadhan, bishop of Lufghni 
[AchonryJ, rested in Christ. — The Bishop of Cluain-mac- 



[12U] 



aviaria sollioitudo ; cibaria ad 
minietrandum pistoribus, jumen- 
tis, bobus et avibus ; industria 
quoque calciamentorum, oura pas- 
torum et piseatorum {Concordia 
Regularum, xl. 3). 

The same officer is called equomi- 
mus (peconomus) at 781(=782) supra 
= Irish Fertighe. The Four Masters, 



not understanding the term, equate 
it with Prior ! The rendering in 
D is original : Magnus exorcista ! 
C gives " the great Caller." 

2 William. — Died and was suc- 
ceeded by his eon, Alexander IL, in 
December, 1214. 

* Gilla-na-naemh. — {Servant (de- 
votee) of the saints). This and the 



258 



ccMMala tilocoti. 



liUa TTluiiniceaTi, quieinc. — Tnuificeaiacac, TTlac bfiiain, 
■DO tnaiiba'D do ^^allaiB. — Ifin bliaxiain [fi] "oobi in 
v-CCev b|ieicci, ppf a fiaicea an CaBayiuac.' — lohannef/ 
cunc CCn5li[a]e ]iex, cue fe Saxana 7 Gpe xio'n papai 
I'Don, Innocenciup cepciuf, 7 cue an papa ■do pein afiiip 
lat) 7 miLe mayig-DOfan 7 pofcejxif gacabliaxiain : iT)on, 
fecc eeT) ecc CCngiia 7 cpi cet) eoc llibep.nia.*') 

B59b ]CaL1an.u.^p.,H. ccx.uii.,OCnnoT)oniini Tr).°cc.°cc.°'' u."" 
Cfiec -DO 'SenuiTi ■o'CCe'D, mae ITIail-Secbainn^ TTleie Lo- 
cbamn, 1:011 comaifiba Coluim-cille 7° caun stieigi -do 
ap,5ain "do" 7 a mapba-o pem t)0 ^hallaiB ifin blia'oain 
cecna, cpia miiabail Coluim-eille. — bean-TTlixie, ingen 
tiUi eignig, ben^ (Xe'oa hUi Meill, 1115^ CC1I15, in bona 
penicencia quieuic. — Sluogafi la hCCeTi blla Neilli n- 
UlbcaiB 7 cue inaiT)m mofi ipo|i* 5<^llai6 tllaxi.'^ — tlilliam, 
yii CClban, 7)0 ee j° CClaxan-Dep,, a mae, vo oip'one'D 1 n-a 
ina-D. — [^enejijale' Concilium [fub] Innoeencio papa.* 

A ; om., B, C, D. sen. t. B., B; om., A ; given in C, D. 

A.D. 1216. 1 TTlaeilec— (f' om.), B. ^bean, B. 'yii, A. * aii — on, 
B. — ^"n. t. h. on blank space, A. ^-^ .x." 1111.° (1214), B (C, B) ; errone- 
ously. «-«om., B, C. <• cm., B, C. « cm., A. "L m., t. h., A; om., B, 

Pope, I ; Tribute, 11, III, IV.) Of 
the money, one-half was to be paid 
on Sept. 29 ; the other, on the Easter 
following. By public script, made 
at Ayignon, April 1, 1317, four de- 
legates (deputed ad hoc by Letters 
of Edward II., given Dec. 16, 1216) 
agreed, on behalf of the king, to 
discharge the arrears of Henry and 
Edward II., amounting to 24,000 
marks, by yearly payments of one 
fourth on the festival of St. Michael, 
commencing with the feast next 
ensuing. 

Two receipts of John XXII. , in 
the form of Letters to Edward III., 
have been preserved. The first 
bears date April 7 [1330] and is 



three next items are given in the 
AnnaU of Loch Ce {ad an.). 

*Aedh. — Of this person I have 
found no account elsewhere. 

^ John. — The author of D mistook 
the meaning : Papa ipsa redonauit 
regi una cum mille marchis, etc. 
It is open to doubt whether it was 
understood by the translator of C : 
"The Pope surreudred them againe 
to himselfe and a 1000 marcks to 
him and after every yeare700," etc. 

The history of the donation and 
re-donation is sufficiently well 
known. (For an abstract of the 
Charter, St. Paul's, London, Oct. 3, 
1213— not 1214, as in the text— 
(see Doc. Ire. I 489. Cf. ib. s. vv. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



259 



Nois, namely, Ua Muiricean, rested. — Muirceartach, son 
of Brian, was killed by the Foreigners. — In this year 
appeared Aedh* " of the deceit," who was called " The 
Helper." — John,^ then king of England, gave Saxon-land 
and Ireland to the Pope, namely, Innocent III. And 
the Pope gave them back to him again, and 1000 marks 
[were to be paid] to him [the Pope] and to [his] successors 
every year : to wit, 700 from England and 300 from 
Ireland.) 

Kalends of Jan, on 5th feria, 27th of the moon, a.d. 
1215. A foray was made by Aedh, son of Mael-Sechlainn 
Mac Lochlainn upon the successor of [St.] Colum-cille and 
a herd of cattle was carried ofE by him. And himself 
was killed by the Foreigners in the same year through 
miracle of Colum-cille. — Bean-Midhe, daughter of Ua 
Eignigh, wife of Aedh Ua Neill, king of Ailech, rested in 
good penance. — A hosting by Aedh Ua Keill into Ulidia 
and he inflicted great defeat upon the Foreigners of 
Ulidia. — William,^ King of Scotland, died and Alexander, 
his son, was inaugurated in his stead. — A General CounciP 
[was held] under Pope Innocent. 



[1214] 



for the year ending Sept. 29, 1329 : 
Cam pro regno Anglie et terris 
Hibernie oensum mille marcarum 
sterUngorum annia singulis Romane 
eoclesie solvere teneris, etc. (Man- 
ner of payment set forth.), Nos 
solutionem et assiguationem ap- 
probantes easdem, te ao heredes 
et suooessores tuos, neonon regnum 
et terras prediotas de dictis miUe 
marohis sio solutis absolvimus et 
quitamus. 

The second, of July 5, 1333, is 
for the year ending Sept. 29, 1330, 
and the half year up to Easter 
[March 31], 1331. The 1,500 
marks were paid in 6,000 gold 



florins, " singulis marchis pro 
quatuor florenis auri oomputatis." 

This was apparently the last 
payment. In a Brief, Avignon, 
June 6 [1365], Urban V. reminds 
Edward III. that he made no 
remittance since July, 1333, and 
states that bearer was empowered 
to treat of this and other pressing 
matters. But, with respect to the 
arrears, the mission seems to have 
proved fruitless. See Theiner : 
Vet. Man. Hihern. et Scot., Komae, 
1S64, pp. 193, 253, 259, 329. 

1215. 1 William. — This entry is 
misplaced. See 1214, note 2, supra. 

^ Gouncil. — The 1 2th Ecumenical 



[1215] 



260 



ttMMaLa ula'Dli. 



(Ca^aV mac "Oiaiamo-oa, in Chiaifco quieuic* — Ofi'Do'' 
TTlinoiitim conpii^macup. hoc anno. — CCp-ogap. Iitia Con- 
cuBiaiia, epifcopuf Shil-fnuiiiecais, m Ch|iift;o quieuic. — 
Comxiail epfcob iia CiaifDaixieacca co Romi i n-aimfifi 
1nnocenT:;[ii] pap[a]e cejicii. If i nuimip, na n-epfcob 
Ba-oaia ann : quaT)fiin5enci qmnvec-\m,wce]i quof -puep,- 
vir\v fepT;ua5inT;a unuf ajichiepipcopi eu pfiinaacef. 
Gc ocTjm^eni;! abbacep 7 piaio]ief. Ocuf 1 peilTTlaiiuain 
•DO bi in conroaiL fin.'') 

Lt)ir-] IcaL Ian. ui."p.,n. ix., CCnno 'Oomini Tn.°cc."'x.° uu" 
TTlaeb-poil htla TTluifeTiais, ppioif "Oume-geiniin, tio 
ec. — Oenguf" bUa CaiiieUa[i]n, coifec Clainni-T)ia]i- 
maca, vo mafbo'D T>'a bp.aicfib -pein. — ^T)onnipleiBi btla 
TTlail-Tnena t)0 rfiaiabaTi 'do "Ohal-CCiT,aiT)e.'' — TfiaT) bUa 
TTlail-'pabaill, T;oifec Ceneoil'PeiT.5Ufa, co n-a bpai'cpib 
7 co^ n-dia mop, -do mapba'o -do TYluipe'Dac, mac ITIop- 
maifi l,emnac. — "Oonnca-D hUa "Ouib-Dipma, coipec na 
bpetjca, "DO ec 1 n-nubpeiclep "Daipe. — TTlupca'D TTlac 
Ca^mail, pilcoipec Cheneoib-pepaxiais, -do ec cpia m'lp- 
bail Coluim-cille. — Ruaropi hUa piainn, pi "Daiplaip ^ 
■DO ec — ITlas" Cana, roipec Ceniu[i]l-0en5upa, 'do mapba-o 
■Dia bpai^pib pein.° — ■Oionif[i]uf hUa ton5ap5a[i]n, ap- 
"Deppuc Caipil, mopt;u[u]p epc Rom[a]e. — Gc-Donn TTlac 
^ible-ui'Dip, comapba pacpaic 7 ppimaic^ Gpenn, pope 
genepale Concilium® Locepanenpe Rom[a]e pebciuep 
obT)opmitiic. — Concobup htla hSnne, eppcop Cille-'Da- 
Lua, pope Toem Concilium® pieuepcenp m uia cfuieuii;. 

C, D. Xlndemeath is another item, now illegible, s-gjtl., at end of first 
entry, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. ^-^ n. t. h., A ; cm., B, CJ, D. 

A.D. 1216. igu, A. 2-p-p,innpaic, B. 'con-jpitium, A, B. — "-^n. t. h. 
on blank space, A. ''-.ti." (1215), B (C, D) ; erroneously. '■' om., B, C, 

D. In addition, the TTlael-poiL entry is omitted in D. 



and ith General of Lateran. Held 
from Not. 11 to Nov. 30. 
' Cathal. — TMs and the other 



native item are found in the Annals 
of Loch Ce [ad an.). 
^ Confirmed. — In the Lateran 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



261 



(CathaP Mac Diarmoda rested in Christ. — The Order 
of [Friars] Minors is confirmed* this year. — Ardghar Ua 
Conchubhair, bishop of Sil-Muirethaigh, rested in Christ. — 
A Synod^ of the bishops of Christendom [was held] at 
Rome in the time of Pope Innocent III. This is the 
number of bishops that were therein, 415 ; amongst whom 
•were 71 archbishops and primates. And 800 abbots and 
priors. And on the festival of [St.] Martin [Nov. 11] 
this Synod took place.) 



[1215] 



Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 9th of the moon, a.d. [i2i6Bi8.1 
1216. Mael-Poil Ua Muiredhaigh, prior of Dun-Geimhia, 
died. — Genghus Ua Cairrellain, chief of Clann-Diarmata, 
was killed by his own kinsmen. — Donnsleibhi Ua Mail- 
Mena was killed by the Dal-Araidhe. — Trad Ua Mail- 
f habhaill, chief of Cenel-Ferghusa, along with his kins- 
men and with great havoc, was killed by Muiredach, son 
of the Great Steward of Lembain. — Donnchadh Ua 
Dubdirma, chief of the Bredach, died in the Penitentiary 
of Daire. — Murchadh Mac Cathmail, royal chief of Cenel- 
Feradhaigh, died through miracle of [St.] Colum-cille^. — 
Euaidhri Ua Flainn, king of Dairlas, died. — Mag Cana, 
chief of Cenel-Oengusa, was killed by his own kinsmen. — 
Dionysius Ua Longargain, archbishop of Cashel, died in 
Rome.- — Echdonn Mac Gille-uidhir, successor of Patrick 
and Primate of Ireland, felicitously slept in Rome after 
the Lateran General Council. — Conchobur Ua Enne, 
bishop of Cell-da-lua, returning after the same Council, 
slept on the way. 



Council. Wadding : Ann. Min., ad 
an. 1215, p. 161. 

^A Synod. — Given in substan- 
tially the same terms in the Annals 
of Loch Ce{ad an.'). 



1216. ^ Oolum-cille. — Cuius sanc- 
tuariupi antea inuaserat is added 
in D ; from what source I know 
not. 



262 



ccMNalcc ulccoTi. 



(lohonef*, ifiex CCnjlie, moifit;uuf efc— CCntiUT* hUa 
mtntieuai-D, epifcopuf Conmaictie, in Chtiifco quieuii;.^ — 
Obiic" Innocenriuf papa. SucceT)ic [honop]iUf. — [Oit.T)]o 
PpeT)icat;orit]m conpiamacuiri.' CC'-T). 1216. CCg fo an 
blia-oam a^iaiBe Comaplle ^enepalija 'fa Roim, iT)on> 
Lacepann, ann apoi15e mile cpi ce'o eppoc.*) 

ICal. Ian. i. p., I. xx., CCnno 'Doniini m." cc.° cc." uii."" 
A57d mocsamlam hUa [ph]lai-cbepmi5, pi Ctainm-'Oom- 
naill, iTiopcti[ti]p epc. 

(CCn" c-aip-oeppcob hUa ■Ruana'oa "oo jabail ■do ITlail- 
Ipu hUa ChoncuBaip. — ^giUa-CCpnain hUa TYlapcain, 
olUim epenn i m-bpei^eaitinacc, nnopuuup epc") 

|Cal. Ian. 11." p.," 1. 1., CCnno 'Ooniini m.° cc.° x.° trni."" 
^illa-'Cisepnaig, mac 5^lla-Tlona[i]n, eppuc CCippall 
7 cenn Canonac Bpenn, in bona penicencia quieuic — 
Injancac" Tnac Congalaig -do ec.° 

A.D. 1216. '^''n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. ="I, m., n. t. h., A; om., 
B, C, D. " ru t. h., B ; om., A ; given in C, D. 

A.D. 1217. "-.111." '(1216), B (C, D) ; erroneously. '>-'= n. t. h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. 

A.D. 1218. "-" n. t. h. on blank space, A. "-mi." (1217), B (C, D) ; 
erroneously. °'° om., B, C, D. 



i. — On St. Luke's Day, 
October 18. 

"Annud/i. — G-iven in Annals q/ 
Loch Ce (ad an.). 

' Died.— July 16. Honorius III. 
■was elected on the 1 Sth. 

^ Confirmed. — By Honorius III. 
in two Briefs, dated Deo. 22. The 
title Friars PreachersMias first given 
in a third Letter, dated from the 
Lateran, Jan. 26, 1217 : Honorius^ 
etc., Dilectis filiis Priori and Fra- 
tribus Sancti Eomani Praedicator- 
ibus in partibus Tolosanis, etc. 
{Script. Rer. Pred., p. 13-4.) 



« 1216.— The date, of course, ia 
erroneous. It should he 1215. 

1217. ' Died. — After this entry, 
D gives (1216) : Eodem anno Don- 
aldus Magnus O'Donill cum magno 
exereitu inuasit Clan-Hicard et 
continuauit ibidem; deuastando 
patriam, usqnedum Mac "William 
prestitit obedientiam and ohsides 
ipsi O'Donill. Et preterea eiecit ex 
patria Moriachuni Lasyndaylle 
[O'Daly] propter necem cuiusdam 
Ffyne O'Brologhan : quern dlotus 
O'Donill prosecutus est in Tuo- 
moniam et ipso Moriacho per 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



263 



(John, king of England, died.^ — Annudh^ TJa Muire- [1216] 
thaidb, bishop of Conmaicni [Ardagh], rested in Christ. — 
Pope Innocent died.* Honorius succeeds. — The Order of 
Preachers is confirmed.^ — a.d. 1216.° This is the year in 
which there was a Greneral Council in Pome, namely, of 
Lateran, wherein were 1300 bishops.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 20th of the moon, a.d. [1217] 
1217. Mathgamain Ua Fhlaithbertaigh, king of Clann- 
Domnaill, died.^ 

(The archbishop^ Ua Ruanadha was taken prisoner by 
Mail-Isu TJa Conchubhair.— Gilla-Arnain TJa Martain, 
oUam of Ireland in jurisprudence, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 1st of the moon, a.d. 1218. [1218] 
Gilla-Tighernaigh,! son of Gilla-Ronain,^ bishop of Air" 
ghialla [Clogher] and head of the Canons of Ireland, 
rested in good penance.^ — Ingantach Mac Congalaigh 
died. 



Donogho[-um] Caribragh O'Brien 
exinde fugiendo peruenifc Limeri- 
cum. Et cum ipse O'Donill cum 
exeroitn ilium persequendo neniret 
ad portam Limericeueem, homicl- 
dam reiecerunt ad mandatum ipsius 
O'Donill. Et sic ab uno ad alteram 
delatus fuit DubUniam, nemine 
audente eum retinere contra man- 
datum ipsius O'Donill; quireuersus 
[est] cum uictoria, perlustrata hino 
inde tota Connacia in ilia expedi- 
tione. 

The foregoing is given with more 
detail in the Four Masters at 1213. 

* The archbishop. — Given in 
Annals of Loch Ce at 1216. The 
next entry is in the same Annals 
under 1218. 

1218. ' 2'ighernaigh ; Ronain. — 



{Devotee) of (St.) Tigernach (of 
Clones) ; of (St.) Ronan (of Liath- 
ross = Fir-roiss, 826-7, 846-7, 
supra ? ). 

^Penance. — D adds the following : 
Quo anno O'Donill cum omnibus 
principalibus totius Ultonie et 
Conacie generalem expeditionem 
fecit .per Midenses et ahaa An- 
glicanas partes comburendo et 
deuastando, quouaque uenerunt ad 
Dubliniam ; cum quibus iuncta pace 
conditionali quod ilium ahaa nomi- 
natum Moriachum homioidam 
eiicerent ex regno : quem propterea 
in Scooiam in exiliam remiserunt 
et deinde statim O'Donill, obtenta 
undique uictoria, rediit in patriam. 

This is given at 1213 by the Four 
Masters. 



264 ttMNalcc ulcroli. 

(T)iaiT,mai'D,* mac Concu^5a1|^ TTlic T)ia|iTnaT)a, fiig 
IDinge-LtJiias, mo\ivViUf eyx:. Coyimac "oo jabail yiigi v'a 
eif. — T)ortinall. hUa gcf'oyia mofcuuf efc. — TTloia, ingen 
hUi Opiain, bean Chacail c]aoiBT)ep.5, moiacua efc-^ 

B 59c ]caL Ian. 111.' p.," I. x.ii., CCnnoT)omini m ." cc.° x.° ix." " 
T)ia|"imait;° hUa^ ^illa-Loinne "do mapbaTi tdo TTlac 
^ilba-iauait) 7 "o'a bjiaiciiib 1 mebail". — tTluiiiceficac 
btla^piainn,|ii htla-'Ctiipcfii, "do mapba'&'DO^haUailS. — 
Congalac hUa Camn, cainnel gaifcixi 7 einig* "Cuaif- 
ce[i]p.c Bfienn, ingcoiipec TTluisi-LusaT) 7 Sil-Couufaij 
uile, "DO mafiba'D vo 5ctl-bai15 iipin loo cet;na. — 5'^^*^"^'"^' 
naetfi htia ^opmsai^e, facafii; Raca-luiaai§, m peni- 
cenria quietiic. — TVlael-lfti htia T)ai5iai, aiificinnec 
"Oaip-e Coluim-cille, — •odpiciT;^ bliax)ain [sic] vo 1 n-aifi- 
cinnecr — a\i Ti-T)enuni caca^ mai£ufa eve^i cill 7 cuaic, 
1* fexc* It) T)ecinibep, 1° n-t)orrinac/in bono pine quieuic 
in pace. 

(CLemenf/ epifcopuf Ltngne, in Chyiifco quieuiT:. — 
"Cempall TTlamifDiaeac na buille "do coipecfia'D. — hoc 
anno San ecu f ■pp-ancipcuf, a pp,ima contiefifione eiuf- 
"Dem anno ■Decimo T:epcio, mific "oe uoluncace T»omini 
pex pfiacyiep mi)i[a]e panccicacif a-o laegnum TTlaiT.- 
fiochioptim, uiDelicec, pyiacfieim Uicalem, Oepabb'otim, 
Ocbconem, CCccupifcuim, pecyium ec CC-Diucum. Cfuoifium 
quinque ulriimi anno pequenx^i puepunr; maiiT^ijiizaci pub 
pege mappochioptim, TTlipanaolino nomme.*) 

A.D. 1218. ^-<i n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1219. 1 0, A, ^.xL., A, B. ^gaca, B. *-^ .i.ui., A, B.— "-» n. t. 
h., on blank space, A. iJ-.tiiii.o (1218), B (C, D) ; erroneously. <:-': Placed 
last in D. ''egnoma — of valour, B; "of courage,'' 0; strenuitatis, D. 
C and D, accordingly, follow B. « = in pyiima i:eifiia — on the first feria (the 
■week-day name of Sunday), B ; om., C ; 6° Idus, etc., D. Here B un- 
consciously supplies additional internal evidence of the correctness of the 
chronology of A. For Dec. 6 fell on Sunday in 1219 ; but on Saturday 
in 1218. f f n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 



AJSTNALS OF ULSTER. 265 

(Diarmaid,3 son of Concliubliar Mac Diarmada, king of [1218] 
Magh-Luirg, died. Cormao took the kingship after 
him.— Domnall "Ua Gadhra died.— Mor, daughter of Ua 
Briain, wife of Cathal Eed-Hand [Ua Conchobair], died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon, a.d. [1219] 
1219. Diarmait Ua Grille-Loinne was killed by Mac 

Gilla-ruaidh and by his kinsmen, in treachery. Muir- 

certagh Ua Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtre, was killed by the 
Poreigners.— Congalach Ua Cainn, candle of champion- 
ship and liberality of the North of Ireland, royal chief of 
Magh Lughad and Sil-Cathusaigh, was killed by the 
Foreigners on the same day [as Ua Flainn].— Gilla-na 
naemh Ua Gormghaile, priest of Ragh-Luraigh, rested in 
penance. — Mael-Isu Ua Daighri, herenach of Daire of 
Colum-cille — forty years was he in theherenachy — , after 
doing every goodness to both clergy and laity, by a good 
ending rested in peace on Sunday,^ the 6th of the Ides 
[8th] of December. 

(Clement,^ bishop of Luigni [Achonry]; rested in 
Christ. — The church of the [Oistercianj Monastery of the 
Buill was consecrated. — This year^ Saint Francis, in the 
13th year from his first conversion, sent by will of the 
Lord six Friars of marvellous sanctity to the kingdom of 
Morrocco, namely. Brother Vitalis, Beraldus, Octo [Otho], 
Accuristius, Peter aod Adjutus. Of whom the five last 
were martyred the following year, under the king of 
Morrocco, Miramolinus by name.) 



^ Diarmaid. — The three entries are 
given inVa.^ AnnalsofLoch Ce(1218). 

1219. '^ Sunday. ~Va.6 Four Mas- 
ters place the obit (which they copy 
from these Annals) at 1218 ; omit- 
ting the day, which would have 
shewn that the death must have 
taken place in 1219. 



^ Clement, etc. — This entry is in 
the Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 
The next is given in the same 
Annals at 1220. 

' This year, etc. — Vitalis was the 
superior. But he fell sick and died 
at Saragossa. See Wadding, Ann, 
Min. ad an. 1219, p. 213, 237. 
S 



266 



ccMticcla nla'oh. 



[bif.] 



A 63a 



jCal Ian. 40" p.,'' I xx.iii.," dnno T)omiTii Tn.°cc.° m.° ' 
Ponacuan^ bpona[i]n, comayiba Coluim-cille, in 
pace quieuic. Ocuf* -DOjiala rnifiefain ecefi ITIuiniiaii 
n-T)aipe 7 Cenel-n -60501 n im tjoja 1 n-a ina-o. If e-5 
■Dop.igne'D annpem : ■DocogaTiuia XUmnrwep. T)aiiT.e ITlac 
Cacmail ifin comuiibuf 7 -oo-cog CCexi Neill 7 Cenel- 
n-eogam piann htla bpot-ca[i]n. lap. fin r;^ a -ooifiala 
imiriefain ecep 1TluinnT:iia "Ohaife 7 bfolca[i]n 7 
"Docuiiae-D Oiaolca[i]n af in comufbuf. lap. fin t;fa 
fouoga'Dup. TTluinnTief "Daife 7 Cenel-n -60501 n Tnui|i- 
cepcac bUa 1TliUu5a[i]n, i-oon, fep-leiginn | T)aife, 
ifin comufbuf. Ocuf T)obai in fifufleilinn 7 in com- 
tipbuf fi bliaxiain aigi, uel putilo pluf. OcUf -oopaba 
impefain ecep, goffpaig hUa n-'Daigfi, i-oon, aipcinnec 
■Daife 7 Tniblti5a[i]n, iDon, in comapba, im an pipuf- 
beiginn, noco n-Deca'DUf T)ocum bpeiri comapba pai;paic, 
CO n-Tiefna f^v eisappu 7 guf'^ogaxi 601 n, mac m fif- 
leiginn, ifin fifUfleigin, xio fieif comapba pacpaic 7 
comapba Colum-cille 7 TTluinnuepe TDaipe apcena.^ 

(CCet)^ hIJa mail-6oin, epfcob eiuana-mac-Noif, "do 
Bacu'D- — TTlail-Seacnaill, mac Concubaip TnTiaenmuitie, 
mopcuuf efc — rloc anno quinque fancciffimi ppacpep 
TTIinopef, fcilicec, bepall'DUf, Ocro, CCcupfiUf, pecpuf 
ec CC-Diuuif, paffi f unu fiib TTIipamolino, pege KTlap- 
pochiopum, lCalenT)if pebpuapii, aliap Decimo fepcimo 
jCaLen-oapum pebpuapii, "Oommi pap[a]e honopn cepcn 

A.D. 1220. ^ fonac'Dan, B.— ""n. t. h., on blank space, A ; .u., B ; 
•^ .acocui., B. The scribe probably mistook ii for u. "^-.x." ix.° (1219), B (0, 
D) ; in error, ^-^ cm., B (followed by C, D), which has : pianti 
bTVotcan "oo oiyi'DneT) i ti-a itiat) ii"iti comaxibuf—JFlann O'Brolc/ian 
was appointed in his stead in the succession. •="= n. t. h., A ; cm., B, C, D. 



1220. ^ And there ensued, etc. — 
The Annals of Loch Ceand the Four 
Masters omit the important dispute 
respecting the Leotorship. 

After the entry describing the 



succession of O'Brolchain, D adds : 
Eodem anno O'Donill cum exercitu 
inuasit asperam illam tertiam par- 
tem Conacie, que oomuniter dlcitur 
GaruHrian, siue Aspera Tertia, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



267 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 23rd of the moon, a.d. 1220. [1220 Bis.] 
Fonachtan Ua Bronain, successor of [St.] Colum-cille, 
rested in peace. And there ensued^ contention between 
the Community of Daire and the Cenel-Eogain, respecting 
the selection in his stead. It is this was done then : 
the Community of Daire chose Mac Cathmail into the 
succession and Aedh TJa Neill and the Cenel-Eogain chose 
Flann Ua Brolcain. After that, moreover, there ensued 
contention between the Community of Daire and O'Brol- 
cain and O'Brolcain was put out of the succession. After 
that, moreover, the Community of Daire and the Cenel- 
Eogain chose Muircertach TJa Millugain, namely, lector 
of Daire, into the succession. And he had the lectorship 
and the succession for a year, or a little more. And there 
ensued contention between Geoffrey Ua Daighri, namely, 
herenagh of Daire and O'Millugain, that is, the abbot, 
respecting the lectorship, so that they appealed to the 
judgment of the successor of Patrick and he made peace 
between them. And John, son of the [late] Lector, was 
chosen into the lectorship, according to the successor of 
Patrick and the successor of Colum-cille and the com- 
munity of Daire besides. 

(Aedh^ Ua Mail-Eoin, bishop of Cluain-mac-Nois, was 
drowned. — Mail-Seachnaill, son of Concubhar Maen- 
mhuidhe [Ua Concobhair], died. — This year five most 
saintly Friars Minor, namely, Beraldus, Octo [Otho], Acur- 
sius, Peter and Adjutus, suffered [martyrdom] under 
Miramolinus, king of Morrocco, on the Kalends [1st] of 
February, or on the 17th of the Kalends of February 



Conaght, nempe patrias O'Royrcfc 
et O'Eeally ; a quibus habita ad 
vota obedientia et obsidibus, rediit 
per Fermanagh, quam similiter 
undique, pro maiori saltern parte, 
deuastauit. 



An entry the same in substance 
is giren in the Four Masters at 
1219. 

^ Aedh. — This and the following 
item are in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(ad an.). 

s2 



268 



CCMMalCC ulccoli. 



anno quafico, ipejie pepTCm annijp ance moficem Sancci 
■p|\ancivcii.°) 

]Cal. Ian. p. ui.,' L 1111. CCnno 'Oommi ni.°cc.° xx.""" 1.°'' 
("Di afimuiT),^ mac 1^,001x1)^1,750 mapbaTi. — 1 acobuf ,peni- 
T;enuialif ec Capellanuf T>omini pap[a]e er; Legouuf 
cociuf nibeifini[a]e, in ilibefiniam uenii;. — TTlael- 
yiuanaiTi hUa 'DuB'oa t)0 Bacu'o — Sanccur "Oominicuip 
obiic hoc anno. — Pjaimuf ConuenT;Uf pfie'Dicacojaum 
uenic in CCn^liam.") 

A.D. 1221. ».ti., n. t.h. on blank space, A; .til., B. '•-''. xx."> (1220), 
B (C, D) ; erroneously. ""n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. Three lines of 
text-spaoe are left blank for entries in B. 



"[Jan. 18].— The 17th of Jan., 
according to Wadding, {uH sup ., ad 
an. 1220, p. 237). 

1221. ^ Diarmuid ; Maelneanaidh. 
— The two native items are in the 
Annals of Loch Ce {ad an'), -wifh 
greater detail. 

^ James. — Said to have been Canon 
of St. Victor, Paris. Sent as Legate 
to Ireland (and Scotland) by Hono- 
rius III. The Brief of appoiatment, 
dated Civita Vecchia, July 31 
(1220), was superscribed : Eegibus 
Ultonie, Corcaie, Limrith, Conatie, 
Ingularum [of the Isles], cuilibet per 
se (Theiner, Vet. Mon. ,-p-p. 15, 13). 

llespeoting the Irish Legation, 
three Papal commissions are extant 
In the first (Civita Vecchia, Aug. 
6 [1220]), instructions were given 
to abrogate the custom [introduced 
by King John, Jan 14, 17, 1216 ; 
Doc. Ireland, I. 736, 739] that no 
Irishman should receive church 
preferment (Theiner, Vet. Mon., p. 
16). But they do not appear to 
have been carried into effect. The 
abuse was abolished by Honorius in 
a Brief addressed to the Irish clergy 



(Lateran, Ap. 26 [1224] : Theiner, 
Vet. Hon., p. 23). 

In the second (Civita Vecchia, 
Aug. 8 [1220]), the Legate was 
directed to remove the grievance 
reported by the archbishop of 
Cashel : namely, whea an English- 
man lost anything and got six other 
English to swear they believed his 
oath that the property was taken 
by an Irishman, the native, though 
guiltless and of good name and life 
and prepared to establish his 
innocence by thirty or more sworn 
witnesses, was nevertheless com- 
pelled to restitution (Theiner, Vet. 
J/o>-..,pp. 16, 17). In this matter 
•likewise no action was taken. After 
an interval of more than thirty 
years, the " damnable custom " was 
condemned by Innocent IV. in a 
Brief (Perugia, July 20 [1252]) to 
the archbishop of Cashel (Theiner, 
Vet, Mon., p. 56). 

In the third (Lateran, March 19 
[1221]), he was enjoined to adjudi- 
cate upon four complaints of the 
same archbishop and the king's re- 
ply thereto, touching church lands 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



269 



[Jan. 18^J, in the 4th year of the Lord, Pope Innocent 
III., nearly seven years before the death of Saint Francis.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 4th of the moon, a.d. 
1221. [No original entry]. 

(Diarmuid,^ son of Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobhair], was 
killed. — James,^ Penitentiary and Chaplain of the Lord 
Pope and Legate of all Ireland, came into Ireland. — 
Maelruanaidhi Ua Dubhda [king of TJi-Amalghaidh] was 
drowned. — Saint Dominick died this year.^ — The first 
Convent of Preachers came into England.) 



[1220] 



[1221] 



(Theiner, Vet. Man., pp. 18, 20). 
Nothing, however, was doue. Four- 
teen years later, Gregory IX. 
(Perugia, Jan. 4 ['235]) com- 
manded the archbishop of Dublin 
to report upon the matters in 
question, mentioning that James 
had been empowered by his prede- 
cessor to decide them ; but, on 
account of his departure, no pro- 
cess, it was reported, took place 
(sed, propter eius recessum, u alius, 
ut dieitur, fuit processus. Theiner, 
Vet. Mm. p. 30). 

From Letters of Henry III. to the 
archbishop of Dublin (Jan. 7, 1222 : 
Doc. Ireland, I. 1026) and Geofirey 
De Marisco (June 26, 1822 : Doc. 
Ireland,!. 103^) wp_leam that the 
Legate deposed and sent to the 
Curia the bishops of KHlaloe and 
Ardfert [Travers and John of 
Limerick, intruded by De Marisco, 
whilst he was Justiciary]. In a 
Brief of Honorius III. (Lateran, 
May 9 [1226]), we read that James 
imposed perpetual silence upon 
Travers and caused another to be 
consecrated in his place (Theiner, 
Vet. Hon., p. 26). 
In the Annals of Loch Ce {ad an. ), 



James is charged with gross simony 
and said to have left Ireland in the 
year of his arrival. The second 
statement is confirmed from inde- 
pendent sources. On Nov. 20, 
1220, Henry III. commanded the 
Justiciary, magnates (archbishops 
and bishops) and others in Ireland 
to receive honourably Master James, 
the Pope's Chaplain and Peniten- 
tiary, sent as Legate and, should 
anything new arise touching the 
state of the country, to have re- 
course to his counsel and aid {Doc. 
Ireland, I. 978). On Nov. 1 of the 
following year, he was one of the 
witnesses at Westminster to the sur- 
render of Irish castles by deputies, 
on behalf of Geoffrey De Marisco, 
late Justiciary (Doc. /re. I., 1015). 

That on his departure he ceased 
to be Legate, may he inferred from 
his being merely styled " J[ames], 
Penitentiary of the Pope" in the 
document last referred to, and 
" J[ames], Penitentiary of the Pope 
and late Papal Legate of Ireland " 
in Henry's Letters (already men- 
tioned) of Jan. 7 and June 26, 1222. 
3 This year.— On Aug. 6. The 
feast is held on Aug. i. 



270 



aMMCclcc tilaT)ti. 



jCal. Ian. -p., mi." I. ocu., OCnno "Oommi m." cc.° xx." 11.°" 
TTIac M^a -oe" laci -do cai-oecr; 1 ti-ep.inn tya iTHToeoin 
fiij Saxan, co ■cccinic-' co hCCe'S 'Meill, co n-TiecaT)U|i 
'maille 1 n-agai'D "^aXl Gfienn 7 co p.omiltfeT;m6|i 1 TTliTie 
7 1 LaigniTj 7 1 n-tlllcaiB 7 co yiofcaiLfec caifcel Cula- 
jia-fiain 7 co iiocmolfac^ 5<^ill eiier.n ce^iai^ ca^a picec^ 
CO "Oelgain, co cdinic^ CCev Neill 7 mac 11/ Uga", 
cec|ii* caca, 'n-a n-ajaixi, co cucfac ^aill bpeu' a beoil° 
•pein "d'O 106111/ 

(Copmac/ abb Comaiyi, occifU)' epr. — ^ibla-TTlocoinne 
bUa Cacail occifUf epc. — TTloia, ingen bUi Ohuisill, 
bean OCmlaiB htli Oheollan, mopuua efc.^} 

B S9d ICaLlan.i." p.,''L.xa:iii.,''CCnnoT)omini m.°cc.°a:a;.''iii.°'= 
Klialb Neibl 130 f ayiu^UTi "Oaiiie 'mo ingin hV^^ Caca[i]n 
7 "Doiioine TDia 7 Colum-cille mi'iabuil, co^ pogaifi'Dige'D^ 
a^ fnaici.^ — Zav^ baigill, (1'Don^ mac CealLail*) ana 
'Chtiaifce[i]iau Gp-inn [sic], moiacu[u]f epu. 

(mael-lpu" btla pioinn, pp-ioiia Gafa-mic-n-Giiac, in 
Chiaifco quieuic— TTluiricaxi cajapac hUa peayigail vo 
mafibaxi 1 n-gbfianafixi. — OCilbin btla TTlaelmui'D, epfcop 
Peapna, in Cbiupco qui emu.') 

A.D. 1222. icaimg, B.^— aitpac, B. 3-' .1111. coca .xoc.ic, A, B. 
^.1111., A, B.— "-"n. t. h., A ; .11., B. b..,.o (1221), B (0, B) ; erroneously. 
" om., A. 'I-'' tlga Caci, B. "-'abfiet — his award, 3. ' antipein — then — 
added, B. e-s n.t.h., A; om., B, C; D. 

A.D. 1223. 1-1 5U yiusaiyi'Dise'o, A. ^-'a n-['p]nctci, B. °-» 7-p., n. t. h., 
on blank space, A ; 4 p., B. •> 23, B. Scribe, no doubt, took the u in 
the xxui of his original for 11. " — .11.° (1222), B (0, D) ; erroneously. 
^■'^ itl., t. h., B ; om., A. "-o n. t. h., A ; cm., B, C, D. 



1222. ^ Four and twenty battalions. 
— D renders: numerati 24 oompleta 
bella, qui faciunt Hibernica nume- 
ratione 72 millia armatorum. 

' Four battalions. — 12 millibus 
armatorum, numeratione supra- 
soripta, D. 



^ Cormac. — Given in the Four 
Masters at 1221. 

* Gilla-Mochoinne ; Mor. — Given 
(the first in more detail) in the 
Annals of Loeh Ce (ad an. ). 

1223. 1 Respecting. — That is, as 
C and D rightly understand, by 



AXNALS OF ULSTER. 



271 



Kalends o£ Jan. on 7tli feria, 15th of the moon, a.d. 
1222. The son of Ugo De Lacy came into Ireland in 
despite of the king of the Saxons, until he came to Aedh 
O'l^eill ; so that they went together against the 
Foreigners of Ireland and destroyed much in Meath and 
in Leinster and in TJlidia and razed the castle of Cuil- 
rathain. And the Foreigners of Ireland collected four 
and twenty battalions^ at [Dun-]delgain, until Aedh 
O'Neill and the son of Ugo came with four battalions^ 
against them, so that the Foreigners gave the award of 
his own word to O'NeiU. 

(Cormac,^ abbot of Comar, was slain. — Gilla-Mochoinne* 
Ua Cathail [king of Cenel-Aedha] was slain. — Mor,* 
daughter of Ua Buighill, wife of Amlaibh Ua BeoUain, 
died.) 



[1222] 



Kalends of Jan. on first feria, 26th of the moon, a.d. 
1223. Niall O'Neill profaned Daire, respecting'- the 
daughter of Ua Cathain. And Grod and Colum-cille 
wrought a miracle, so that his thread [of life] was 
shoitcned. — Tadhg O'Baighill (namely, son of Ceallach), 
splendour of the North of Ireland, died. 

(Mael-Isu Ua Floinn,^ prior of Eas-mic-nEirc, rested in 
Christ. — Murchadh* Carrach Ua Fearghail was killed in 
Granard. — Ailbin^ Ua Maelmuidh, bishop of Fearua, 
rested in Christ.) 



[1223] 



abduction. She had probably come 
for devotional purposes and -vraB 
forcibly carried ofE whiltt thus 
engaged. 

" Ua Floinn. — In the Four Mas- 
ters at 1222. 

sMurchadh ; Jilbin.—GiYtn (the 
firet at greater length) in the Annals. 



of Loch Ce {ad an.). For Ua Mael- 
muidh (0'Mulloy),see O'Donoyan's 
note, F. M. iii., p. 202. From a 
Patent EoU of King John {Doc. 
Ireland, I. 658), we leain that he at- 
tended the Council of Lateran, 
1215. 



272 auMa^cc Lif^oroTi. 

Ao8b[bif.] |cal. 1an. 1:. 11., I. uii., CCnnoT)omini 1X1." cc.°ccx.° 1111.°'' 
CocaL cpoiBT)eii5 htia Concobuip, yii Connacu 7 111 
^aiTieU e|ienn afi r;o^ucc, a'obac 1 TTlainifuii^ Cnuic- 
TTluai'De, quini;o ICaletTDqaum linni. In c-aen ^co'oeU 
1]" peyiyi cainig Ofiian bopoTna anuap aji uaifli 7 ap 
onoiia ; cogbalac cfiefo^mtiia, cocu&ac ncc uuac ; fo- 
bafiT^anac faiT)be|i, fuaremg,'' foinemail na fircana. 
"Doi^ If fie [a] Tieinier "oo gaba'D Decmai'D co "Dbgcec afi 
zuf 1 ri-icrc Giaenn. Columain cunnaib cfaixibec,^ ce]vc- 
biaiacfac'' cfieiT)rTH 7 cinfcai^ecca ; cepuaigceoif 11a 

' ci'ncac 7 na coibxienac ; mugaisceoip. na meifilec 7 na 

malayiT;ac ; comiecais coiccenn cacbua'Sac in |iecca 

fio'olefcai^. "D'a cue T)ia "Degonoip, 1 catniain 7 in 

plaiciuf netTi'Du call. (X\i n-eg 1 n-aibiu nianaic -do, iafi 

m-b|xeic bim-oa xionian 7 T)enian. — TTIacsaniain, mac 

Ceiceyinai5 hUi Ceiyiin, fi Ciapaixie Laca-na-naifine, 

Tnopcu[o]f efc. — e^puc Conmaicne, i-oon, in ^ctbl efpuc, 

mofcuuf eye. — T)omnall hUa Cellaig, canufci hUa- 

ITlame, mo|iuu[u]f epc. — Tflael-Seclamn, mac 'Caixig 

hUi Cellai^, moiT,r;u[u]f° efc." 

(PmT)'' hUa Cupmacan quieuic — ITlael-lfU htia Con- 

cubaif quieiiic.'' — P|ie'Dicai;o]a[ef]° mcpaueiaunc hi[be|i]- 

niam.°) 

A.D. 1224. ' 15aei-, B. == crimt'oec, B. ^'-.iii." (1223), B (C, D), with 
uet .1111. (or 1224) overhead, B. Over 1223, 1224 is placed by another 
hand in D. *■ om., B. ""in Chini-pco qtneuic, B; "died," C; entry 
om., D. ''-■'n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. «-=r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. 



1221. 1 May 28.— The F. M. say 
Monday. But May 28 fell on 
Tuesdayin this year. The authority 
they followed forgot that 1224 was 
Bissextile.* 

*At TDoij (Seems), etc., cm., n. t. 
b., B, is : receptio dedmarum in 
Hibernia. 

'Foi-eign-Uihop. — SeeO'Donovan 
P.M., iii. 208. 



^Died.—'D adds (at 1223, with 
1224 placed overhead) : Eodem 
anno O'Donill inuasit Conaciam 
ex Omni parte usque ad Cruaghan 
et pertransiit flumen Sucka, omnia 
deuastando. Tamen, habita in- 
habitantium obedientia et selectis 
obsidibus, rediit. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



273 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 7tli of the moon, a.d. 1224. 
Cathal Red-Hand TJa Ooncliobair, king of Connacht and 
king of the GaidMl of Ireland for abilitj^ died in the 
[Cistercian] Monastery of Onoc-Muaidhe, on the 5th of 
the Kalends of June [May 28^]. The best Glaidhel that 
came from Brian Boruma down, for nobleness and for 
honour ; very fortunate and capable preserver of his 
territories ; wealthy, well-disposed, excellent auxiliary of 
peace. Seems it is in his time tithe was had legally for 
the first time in Ireland, Fitting, pious, right-judging 
prop of faith and Christianity ; punisher of the guilty and 
of outlaws ; destroyer of robbers and of evil-doers ; general 
battle-victdfeious maintainor of the righteous law. To 
whom God gave good honour on earth and the heavenly 
kingdom beyond. He died in the habit of a [Cistercian] 
monk, after bringing victory from the world and from the 
demon. — Mathgamain, son of Ceithernach Ha Ceirin, king 
of Ciaraidhe of Loch-na-nairne, died.- — The bishop of Con- 
maicni [Ardagh], namely, the Foreign bishop,^ died. — 
Domnall Ha Cellaigh, tanist of Hi-Maine, died. — Mael- 
Sechlainn, son of Tadhg Ua Cellaigh, died.* 

(Finn Ha Carmacan* rested. — Mael-Tsu^Ha Couchubhair 
rested. — The [Friars] Preachers entered^ Ireland.) 



[1224] 



Given in substance in the F. M. 
at 1223. 

' Finn Ua Carmacan. — Given in 
the Annals of Loch Ce at 1223, 
■where he is said to have been 
steward of the king of Connacht 
and to have possessed much land. 
The next item is also given in the 
same Annals at 1223. 

5 Mael- Isu. — Prior of Inishmaine, 
according to the F. M. (1223). See 
O'Donovan's note, iii. 204. 



^ Entered, — Quetif and Echard 
{Scriptores Ord. Fred., Lutetiae 
Par. 1719, p. 22) merely say under 
1221 : Ex Anglia nostros in Hyber- 
niam trajeoisse nou diu postea 
constat ex ActJs. 

In the Catalogue of Dominican 
Houses given in Ware's Irish 
Writers, p. 77 (Ed. Harris; Dublin, 
1745), the foundation of the Dub- 
lin House is dated 1224. This 
list is copied into the Hibernia, 
Dominicana. 



274 ttHHCClCC UlCCOVi. 

]Cal. Ian. iiiCiJ.'p., I. [x]tiii[i]."OCnno t)omini m.„ cc." 
OCX." «.„ " "Duajican hUa heasyia, \r{ Luigne, mop-ruuf 
efc. — ^i^^ct^'i'T'CoimTDes ITlac ^i^^ct'CctfipaiSi uapal- 
tacqac 7 peyifun "Cigi-baicin, qmetnc in Chiatfco." — 
T)ionifiUf ^ hUa TTlael-Chiafiain, aiyicmnec CC|ix)a-cap.na, 
quieuic in Chfiifco. — TTloiafluaiseTi -do Tieniim vo CCexi 

B 60a Yiljia 'Neill 1 Connctcuu le macctiB | Ruai'Dfii hUi Con- 
cubuiia 7 le^ rogaiiam Shil-TTluiiaexiaic uile, aci; TTlac 
T)iafiinccca amain, i-oon, Co|xinac, mac 'Conialcaig, co 
n-Tiecai'D ajx puc Connacc bux>6f co pextaiB^ CCca-luain, 
CO fioiBe "oa areci ic IDuillilS-IJanac 7 guia'aiyisefcap.* 
Loc-n-en^ 7 co cue feoiu htli Concobaifi leip af. "Cainic 

A 58o 'n-a "Diaig co Capn-piiaic | 7 "ooaiiisefcaiia^ 'CaiiixfiTielbac, 
mac RuaiT)iT,i, ann. Ocuf 'oocuai'D n-a Uiacceim 'o'a C15 
afi cloifcecc do fUiaig moi|i -oo ^ballaix) 7 vo TTlhuim- 
necail5 pa 'Donncaxi Cai|ibpec hUa m-bp,iain 7 pa 
Sheppi^aij nia|ief ag GCev hVla ConcoBaip 7 aj TTlac 
"Oiafimaoa cinge. Octip, o nac ixucpacup, ap, hUa^ Neill, 
poleanpacuin macu^ Ruai'Diai 5ti|i't;aipnecu|i® lac a n-ucc 
hlli Weill afii[c]ipi. Uomaiabpacup. muimmsTio'n ■our 
pin° ecmapcac TTlac OiT.ana[i]n, raipec Coiaco-CCclann^" 
a Cill-Cellaij.-^^ CCp n-'oicup clainne Tluaixipi a Con- 
nacca[ib]^^ amac, gabaip CCexi, mac Cacail c|ioib'De[i]iT.5, 
piji Connacu "o'a n-eip. — 'Cah^ bUa heagpa "do ec. — 
euain, ingen T)iapmaca TTlic T)omnaill, quieuit; in 
Chpipco. — 501II 7 TTluimnig vo vul pa ceyimtinn Cael- 
pinn^^ 7 p.ocuifie'D dp. na n-^ctH ^T^e pipcaiB Cael[p]in'D.-'* 
Concobup, mac Tai'Dg 7 CCp'ogal, mac "Caixis [occipi 

A.D. 1225. ^"Dionip, A. ^p,!, A. 'pejaiB, A. ^coia'aijigec, B. 
° -ne (the horizontal stroke above the e (=n) om., probably by over- 
sight), A. " -ayi, B. ' 0, A. ^ mic, A, B. ' -caippnige-DtiiT,, B. '» Co|Xcac- 
lann (by syncope) , A. ^^ 5-C1IJ,-, B. ■'^-ccu, B. ^^ -etaiiTD, A. ■'^Caeil- 
piTD, B. — ■>■'' n. t. h., on blank space, A; cm., B. ''-.iiii." (1224), 
B (0, D) ; erroneously. "" om., B, C, D. The "Oionipiup and ©cairi 
entries are also omitted in D. "om., B. '■= cuyiup pm — that expedition, 
B. 'hUi addfd, B. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



275 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, ISth. of the moon, a.d. 
1225. Duarcan TJa Eaghra, king of Luighni, died. — 
Gilla-in-Coimdeg Mac Gilla-carraigh, eminent priest and 
parson of Tech-Baithin, rested in Christ. — Dionysius Ua 
Mael-Ciarain, herenagh of Ard-Oarna, rested in Christ. — 
A great hosting was made by Aedh Ua Neill into Con- 
nacht, by [invitation of ] the sons of Ruaidhri TJa Concho- 
bair and by invitation of all Sil-Muiredhaigh, save Mac 
Diarmata alone, namely, Cormac, son of Tomaltach, so 
that he went through the length of Connacht eastwards 
to the woods of Ath-luain, so that he was a night at the 
Heights of TJana. And they pillaged Loch-nen and he 
brought the treasures of Ua Conchobair with him there- 
from. He came after that to Carn-fraich and Tairrdhelbach, 
son of Ruaidhri, was crowned there. And he went on a 
quick march to his house, on hearing that a large force of 
Foreigners and of Momonians [was making] towards him, 
under Donnchadh Cairbrech Ua Briain and under Geoffrey 
Mares [Be Marisco], [led] by Aedh Ua Conchobair and 
by Mac Diarmata. And when they [the Foreigners, etc.,] 
did not catch Ua Neill, they followed the sons of Ruaidhri, 
until they drove them to the protection of Ua Neill again. 
The Momonians on that occasion killed Echmarcach Mac 
Branain, chief of Corco-Achlann, at Cell-Cellaigh. On 
the expulsion of the sons of Ruaidhri from out Connacht, 
Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand^ takes the kingship after 
them. — Tadhg Ua Eaghra died. — Etain, daughter of 
Diarmait Mac Domnaill, rested in Christ. — The Foreigners 
and the Momonians went to the Termonn of [St.] Cael- 
fhinn and slaughter of the Foreigners was inflicted through 
miracles of [St.] Caelfhinn. — Conchobur, son of Tadhg [Ua 
Cellaigh] and Ardghal, son of Tadhg [Ua Cellaigh were 



[1225] 



1225. ^ JRed- Hand.— TnthemaTgiu 
of D, opposite pugni ruhri (near the 



end of folio 23b) is cjioB "660715, the 
Irish equivalent. 



27G 



aw Mala uLa-ori. 



B601) 



func]. — CCp. mofi vo Tiaini^ bv]^^ bliatiani fi. — In 
v-a\ibn\i '-ga buain a haicle na peile bfiigci 7 in t;fieaba'D 
'5a x)enam 1^^ n-aitipecc 

ICal. Ian." u. p.," I. ccxix., CCnno T)oiTiini m.° cc." cccc." 
ui.°'' ■peif)linii'D^ hUu Conco15ai]i t)0 gabail uaigi qi 
TDomnall hUa ■phlmcbeyitraic, giip-'majib 7 gup-'loifc e 
pem 7 a bpacaip. — CCexi bUa pLaicbe|it;aic "oo ga^ail la 
hCCexi, mac Cacail cfioib'De[i]iT,5 7 a cabaiiar; illaim^ 
^halL^— 'Cigeianan, mac Cacail hUi ConcolSaifi, "do 
mafibax) la 'Donnca'D hUa n-T)ul5t)ai.* — TTIiiiia^iUf TTlac 
T)iaiT.mat;a •do map.bati. — Connmac" tTayipa, eppuc 
Luigne, in Chpifco quieuic." — Caiflen Cille-moiiae -oo 
■pcailiUTi la Cacal T^aigillifi. 

(CCex)" hUa Ruai|ic "do mafibaxi La Cacal bUa Raigil- 
lix) 7 la ConcuBaja TTlac Coyimuic'^) 

]Cal. Ian. ui." p.," I. oc., CCnno T)omini TT1.° cc.° xx.° 
uii."'' Uilbam TTlaiaef, mac ^lUfcif na he^ienn, -do 
gabail-DO Choyimac, mac "Comalcais, "do 11.15 iict Caippgi 
7 T)'CCet) hUa Concobai|i. — T)onnfleibe gjiaTDa (aliaf,= 
hUa ^a'op-cc; iDon, |ii Sleibe-ltiga") -do mc(|iba'D do mac 
a 'Dep,[b]biiacap, pein 1 pill 7 'Qomap.ba'D e pein vm po 
cecoip, cp-e imT)ell CCe^a bUi Concobuip. — Ofiian^ mac 

A.D. 1225. ^^a,A. 

A.D. 1226. iperolim, A. ^a Imtii, B. s^.^g^j^j^, a. "--oa, A.— 
"■".1111. p., u. t. h., A ; .u. -p., B. ^-.-a." (122o), B (0, D) ; erroneously. 
"■" om., D. <i-i n. t. h., A ; om., B, 0, D. 

A.D. 1227. »-».«. -p., n. t.h., on;blank8pace,A; .ut. p.,B. '■-.ui." (1226) , 
B (C, D) ; erroneously. «■=!«., n. t. h., A ;om., B, C, D. <'-^om,, B, C, D. 



^ Were slain. — The Four Masters 
say they were burned in a house 
which was set on fire by their 
brothers. 

' Oreat destruction. — D, perhaps 
correctly, connects this and the fol- 
lowing entry (1224) : Fuit enim 
eodem anno maxima mortalitas 



hominum, ita ut circa festum 
Sanotae Brigide autumnalia blada 
colligerentur, cum nee turn semina- 
tura futuri anni facta fuiaset, oc- 
casione predictarum guerrarum. 

1226. • Feidhlimidh Ua Conco- 
bhair. — Aocord'.ng to the Four 
Masters (ad an.) the deed was done 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



277 



slain^] . Great destruction^ of people in this year. — The corn [1225] 
was a-cutting on the morrow of the feast of [St.] Brigit 
[Feb. l.J and the ploughing was a-doing at the same 
time. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 29th of the moon, a.d. [1226] 

1226. Feidhlimidh TJa Concobhairi seized a house upon 
Domnall Ua Flaiihbertaigh, so that he killed and burned 
himself and his kinsman.— Aedh Ua Flaithbertaigh was 
taken prisoner by Aedh, son of Cathal Red Hand^ and 
given into the hand[s] of the Foreigners. — Tighernan, son 
Cathal TJa Conchobair, was killed by Donnchadh Ua 
Dubhdai. — Muirghius Mac Diarmata was killed. Conn- 
mac O'Tarpa, bishop of Luighni,^ rested in Christ. 

The castle of Cell-mor was razed by Cathal O'Eaighillaidh. 

(Aedh* Ua Euairc was killed by Cathal Ua Eaighillidh 
and by Conchubhar, son of Cormac [Ua Maelruanaigh].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 10th of the moon, a.i). [1227] 

1227. William Mares, son of the Justiciary of Ireland, 
was taken prisoner by Cormac, son of Tomaltach,i king of 
the Eock and by Aedh Ua Conchobair. — Donnsleibhe 
O'Grrada (otherwise, Ua Gadhra ; namely, king of Sliabh- 
Lugha) was killed by the son of his own brother in 
treachery and he [the slayer] himself was killed therein 
immediately, through device^ of Aedh Ua Conchobair. — 



by the sons of Murtough O'PIa- 
herty, aided by O'Conor. The 
entry in the Annals of Loch Ce 
makes no mention of Feidhlimidh. 

^Cathal Bed- Hand.— That is, 
O'Conor, King of Connaught. 

^ Luighni. — That ie, Aohonry. 

*Aedh, etc. — Given in the Fow 
Masters. It is there stated that 
O'Kourke was slain on Lough 
Allen (00. Leitrim). 



1227. ^ Tomaltach. — MaoDermot. 
His residence was the Soak oi 
Lough Ce. A full account of the 
transaction is given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce, whence it has been copied 
by the Four Masters. 

^Device. — "Devise," 0; indus- 
tria, D. The account in the Four 
Masters states that the nephew 
seized a house upon the uncle. 



278 



aw M alec ulccoTi. 



ConcoBaijihtli n-T)iQrimcrca, to TnaribaT)." — Ttionifiuf^ ° 
A58d hUa^ rrioiilxia T)o crxofati ■o'efpuc Oil-piriT).— Cumaria 
hUa T)omnalla[i]n -do mayibaxi i n-seimil -oo Ruaixipi 
TTlac T»uinnipleibe, a n-Disail a acaja 7 fe cfiofca. 

[bif.] jcal. Ian. uii." p.." l." xx. 1.," CCnno T)omini 171.° cc." xx-" 
uiii.° ° CCex), mac Cacail ciaoibT)e[i]rx5 bUi Coticobaiia, -do 
mafibaTi vo ^alUnb 1 mebail, layi^ ri-a 'Dlcu|^tlO Chon- 
naccaib uaia15. — ^^upcipecc na he-iaenn -do gabail -do 
mac UilLiam bufc (I'oon,'^ Ricaifi-o'') — CCet>, mac Tltiai'b|ii, 
1)0 gabail fiige Connacc 7 jiohaip-sexi cealla 7 T:uaca 
Connacc leo 7 po'Dicuiyiexi' a cleiing 7 a luce elax)na 
apcena a uipib comaTDCil?,^ ayx* n-a cuia yii puafo 7 |ii 
goiica. — ITltiiyiceficac, mac piaicbeiai;ai§ bUi pblanna- 
j:;a[i]n, vo mapbax) la macai15 hUi ^ba'cyia.' — ^pep^al, 
mac 8iuimica htli Huaiyic, do mainbaxi -do macaiB Meill, 
mic Consalaic hUi Ruaiiic. — Kliall, mac Congalaig bUi 

A.D. 1227. i"Dionny-, B.=' 0, B.— " The "Dioniptiy' and Ctmiatia entries 
are given under 1225 (:^1226) in D. 

A.D. 1228. ^ap {"n), B. ^--oci, A.— i»-»n. t. b., on blank space, A ; 
om., B. »-" om., B. ".uii." (1227), B (C, D). B (followed by C and D) 
has no entry nnder this year. There is a blank space of four lines. 
Then :— 

E al, 1 an . [blank for ferial and epact] CC."D. Tti." cc.° occc.° tiiii."' The 
entries follow as in A. The j'ear in advance, caused by the omission 
of 1192, being thu3 abandoned, B (as ■well as C and D) comes into 
harmony with the chronology of A. ^'^ itl., n, t. h., A: om., B, 0, D. 
" After this word, cell was written, but subsequently deleted by having 
a dot placed under each of the letters. A, '-* om., B, C, D. 



3 Crossed as a Crusader. — Literally, 
signed ; the native equivalent of 
cruce-signatus. " Crucified," C ; 
over which another hand wrote 
abdicavit ! Excommunicatus fuit, 
D ; in which the entry is given under 
1225. 

As O'More resigned in 1229 and 
died in 1231, his object apparently 
was not to go in person to the 



Holy Land, but to gain the in- 
dulgence by contributing to the 
Crusade. In reference to the re- 
quest of the king of Scotland re- 
garding: KonnuUi milites et alii 
de regno .suo propter paupertatem, 
alii ob senectutem, quidara vero 
propter debilitatem, quamplures 
etiam ob infirmitatem nequeunt 
personaliter exequi votum, quod 



ANKALS OF ULSTER. 



279 



Dionysius Ua Mordha was crossed as a Crusader^ from [1227] 
[being] bishop of Oil-finn. — Cumara Ua Domnallain was 
killed in captivity by Euaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe, in 
revenge of his father, he [Cumara] being crossed [as 
a Crusader]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 21st of the moon, a.d. [1228 Bis. 
1228. Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand Ua Conchobair 
was killed by the Foreigners in treachery, after his being 
put away by the Connachtmen from themselves. — The 
Justiciate of Ireland was assumed by the son of William 
de Burgh (namely, Richard^). — Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, 
[and his brothers] took the kingship of Connacht and the 
churches and territories of Connacht were pillaged by them 
and moreover its clergy and folk of learning were expelled 
into foreign countries, after being exposed to cold and to 
hunger. — Muircertach, son of Flaithbertach Ua Flann- 
again, was killed by the sons of Ua Gradhra. — Ferghal, 
son of Sitriuc Ua Ruairc, was killed by the sons of Niall, 
son of Oongalach Ua Ruairc. — Niall, son of Congalach 



assumpto orucis signaoulo, de 
transeundo in eiusdem Terre sub- 
eidiuni emiserint, a Brief of Gre- 
gory IX., dated the Lateran, March 
31 (1238), empowers Cardinal Otho, 
the Papal Legate, to abaolve such 
from the vow of tlie Cross : reoepta 
prius ab eis suffioienti et idonea 
cautione (security), quod omnes 
expeneas, quas faoturi essent in 
eundo, morando et redeundo, in 
manibus tuis aasignent : alias 
laborem itineris pietatis operibus 
compensando, illam indulgentiam 
habituri, qu[a"]e traneeuotibus in. 
ipsius Terre subsidium in General! 
OonciUo est oonoessa (Theiner, Vet. 
Mon., p. 38). 



Amongst the charges brought 
against the bishop of Ardagh, 
which Innocent IV. (Lyons, Feb. 
13, 1245) appointed judges to in- 
vestigate, was : pecuuiam, quam 
crucesignati decedentes relinqnunt 
in subsidium Terre Sancte, in usus 
proprios et illioitos . . . con- 
vertit. 

1228. Eiohard.— Oa Feb. 15 of 
this year, Henry III. notified to 
the citizens of Dublin, Limerick, 
Drogheda, Waterford, Cork and to 
" Duncan Carbry " (Donnohad 
Cairbrech O'Brien) that Richard 
da Burgh was appointed justiciary 
of Ireland. (D[ocuments]. \relatinj 
to] l[ryiand]., 1. 1573.) 



280 



aMMaLcc tila"0li. 



Rumi^c, T)0 maribax) tdo CCriT;, mac CCiia^: hUi Ruaip.c 7 
CCr^laim geyiia, mac MeiU, -do mayibaxi xiu^ OCrnlaim, mac 
CCi|ic, 1 pacyiusaii. — TTlaCc] Cp.aic'' hUa mallacca qmemv 
in Chyiift;o.^ 

("Daui'D'' piainn, caifec Sil-TTlailiiuanai'D, 7)'hec. — 
CCe-D, mac "Donncax) 1 peiagail, T)0 maiabaxt la hCCeti, 
mac CCmlaim 1 pepgail.'' — Caiflen' C1iuil-riamin -do 
'oenum in bliaxiain -pi. — San pponfiaf -D'onoyiusaxi mafi 
gac naem in bbaxiain fi leifin payia, iT)on,le ^r^egoiiiuf 
nonuf, ■pcilicGT:, -oecimo fepcimo ]CalenT)af CCugUfun'.) 

ICal. Ian. i[i].' p., L 11.,'' CCnno "Domini ITl." cc.° xac." ix." 
"Duibeffa, ingen Ruai'bifii, ben Camil TTlic T)iaiimaca, 
T)o ec 1 n-a caillic duiB. — T)iaiT.maiu TTlac^ Capyicai^, fii 
T)ef-1T1uman, quieurc in Chpifro. — T)ionif'' hUa ITIopxia, 
eppuc 8il-Tnuiia6T)ai5, -do cuji a efpucoiDe wa'Sa.'' — 
B 60c ^lyiapT) htia Caca[i]n, canonac | if eolca -oobi^ ipm Op'o 
Canonac [in Chpiipco quieuii;]. — "Diatimaic'' TTlac paic, 
abb Reijlefa gilbct-TTIolaifi hUci[-iJ 5illui^a[i]n 1 'Cuaim, 
in Cbpifco quieuir 7 a axintical 1 n-CCyixi-caiana.'' — 
TYluiiie'Dac htla goiamgaile, ppioip, peiglefa In'op-mic- 
nepinT) (no,° -n-ep,in°), xiuine'' ip egnaifie 7 ip cpaib- 
ci5i[u]^ -Dobi X)0 Coicexi Con[n]act;, in Chpipco quieuic. — 
"Diapmai'D TTlac ^^l-^ccCbappais, aipcinnec 'Cigi-baicin 
7 uapalpacapx: 7 -DUine pob'pepp t)6ipc 7 eineac° -oobi 1 
cenncup* Connacc, in Cbpipco quieuic 

A.r). ]228. 2 ■DO, B.— s-Bom. D. "" n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 
'' r. m., 11. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1229. inrias, B. •'yioboi, B. ^-t)Be,'B. ^ -cairi, B.— ""n. t. h., 
on blank space, A; om.,B. ''■* om., B, C, D. The 'giti.aiaT) entry is 
omitted in D. "^ itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. ^■o is doubled by mistake, 
B. = Tiaetiacc — humaniiy, B. 



^ Amlaim the Short. — Auly Carr 
[Garr] ; alias, curtus Alius, D. 
^ David — Aedh — the castle, — 



These three native items are given 
in the Four Masters under this 
year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 281 

Ua Ruairc, was killed by Art, son of Art TJa Euairc and [1228] 
Amlaim the Sliort,^ son of Mall, was killed by Amlaim, 
sou of Art, in bathing. — Ma[c] Craith Ua Mallachta 
rested in Christ. 

(David^ O'Flainn, chief of Sil-Mailruanaidh, died.— 
Aedh,3 son of Donnchadh O'Ferghail, was killed by Aedh 
son of Amhlam O'Ferghail.— The castle^ of Cuil-rathain 
was built this year. — Saint Francis was honoured* like 
every saint this year by the Pope, namely, by Gregory 
IX., that is, on the 17th of the Kalends of August 
[July 16].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 2nd of the moon, a.d. [1229 
1229. Duibessa, daughter of Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair]; 
wife of Cathal Mac Diarmata, died a nun. — Diartnait Mac 
Carrttiaigh, king of Desmond, rested in Christ. — Dionysius 
Ua Mordha, bishop of Sil-Muiredhaigh [Elphin], put his 
bishopric away from him. — Girard Ua Cathain, the most 
learned Canon that was in the Order of Canons [rested in 
Christ]. — Diarmait Mac Fiaich, abbot of the Monastery 
of Gilla-Molaisi Ua Gillurain in Tuaim, rested in Christ 
and was buried in Ard-carna. — Muiredach Ua Gormghaile, 
prior of the Monastery of the Island of Mac-nErind (or, 
[Mac]-nErin), the most erudite and pious person of the 
Fifth of Connacht, rested in Christ. — Diarmait Mac Gilla- 
Charraigh, herenach of Tech-Baithin and eminent priest 
and the person of best charity and hospitality that was in 
this side^ of Connacht, rested in Christ. 

* Was honoured, etc. — He was Four Masters states that Mao 



canonized in the church of £t. 
George, Assisi. 

1229. ' This side of Connacht. — 
That ie, the eastern portion, where 
the compiler lived. The expression 
is incorrectly rendered "in those 
parts" in C. The entry in the 



Gillaoarry was interred in the 
(Premonstratensiin) monastery of 
Trinity Island (Loch Ce), after the 
body lay unhuried for three nights 
in the (Cistercian) abbey of Boyle, 
the monks of which attempted to 
retain it. 

T 



282 



ccMNalcc uLcroli. 



A 59a jcal. Ian. poia^ maiiic," I. cc. 111. « CCnno T)omini ITl." 
cc.°a;ax)c.° g'^^*^"''?" h-t1a Cleip.15, epfcop tui^ne, quieuic 
111'' [Cbi^ifco"]. — 5^lla-CaiiiT,Dai5° hUa hei5H:ifa[i]n, 
canonac 7 angcaiifie, quieuiz: in [Chpifco]." — T)onnfleibe 
hUa IntYiuine,^ manac naem 7 maijifcefi yaejfi, quietus; 
m" [Chyiifco"].— mael-muirve hUa TTlail-eoin, abb 
Cluana-mac-'Moif, in Chl^1fuo quieuic. — mael-Seclainn" 
TTlac phiiaei'Dint), uafalfacapc 7 mal51fC1|^ leiginn, 
quieuii; in [Chfiifco], 1 n-a noibiipT)i 1 TTlainifr;i|i na 
btiiUe-° — ^^lUa-in-Coinroe^ btla 'Duillenna[i]n, coma]iba 
"Peicm 7 abb peigbefa Canonac efa-Xjayia, in Cbiiifuo* 
quieuiz:.''— SluaigeT)' la htlilliain buiac 1 Connaci;a,^ S"!^'" 
miU[eT)] moiT,an leif' -do Chonnacuai15.' T)onn 65 ITlag 
Oifieccaij '00 mafibaxt "doiB 7^ eraijeifin, mac in byieic- 
etnan, hUa TTIincacain tdo mapbaTi ■doiB. — CCiir, mac 
CCipr; hUi Ruapc, 'do mafibax) vo Ragnall htla pmi) 1 
meBail. — TTIa[c] Cpaic ITIac Sheppai^, efpiic Con- 

A.D. 1230. 1 Inrhainen, B. ''-ccaiB, B.—*-»n. t. h., on blank space, A ; 
.111. f. (the Latin equivalent), B. ^-^ om. , B. "-■= om., B, C, D. ^■'^ quieuic 
in, A. =This and the CCific-CCe-D-'Sil.la-l-pu- and m acfiaic entries are 
the only items given (in the foregoing order) in D. "-oo ChoTmaccaiB 
te^fi'B. Eom,, A. liniacTnic- 



1230. ^Mao Craith -— Joseph 

Much light is thrown on these 
chits by the plaint made in person 
by bishop Jocelin and embodied in 
a Brief of Gregory IX. (Perugia, 
April 8, 1235 ; Theiner, ubi sup. , 
p. 30), appointing judges to ex- 
amine whether the diocese of 
Ardagh belonged to Tuam, or to 
Armagh. The archbishop of Tuam 
consecrated the prior of Inismor 
(most probably Inishmore — great 
island — in Longh Gamna, co. Long- 
ford) bishop of Ardagh. After- 
wards, Joseph (Mag Theichidhain), 
the archdeacon, who had officiated 
as suchat the function, falsely repre- 



sented to the primate L[uke Netter- 
ville], that himself hadbeen elected. 
Thereby he obtained confirmation, 
caused himself (non sine symonie 
vitio) to be consecrated by the 
authority of Luke's successor 
(D onatus) and was intruded by lay 
influence into partial possession of 
the diocese. , 

The canonical bishop having 
died, "Magairy" (=Mac Sherraigh 
of the text), the new archdeacon, re- 
ceived consecration from the Tuam 
metropolitan. His death took place 
within the same year (1230). 
"Whereupon, the intruded obtained 
total possession and proceeded to 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



283 



Kalends of Jan. upon Tuesday, 13th of the moon, a.d. 
1230. Gilla-Isu Ua Cleirigh, bishop of Luigni [Achonry], 
rested in Christ. — Gilla-Carrthaigh Ua Elgiusa[i]n, canon 
and anchorite, rested in Christ. — Donnsleibe Ua Inmhainen, 
a holy monk and master-wright, rested in Christ. — Mael- 
Muire Ua Mail-Eoin, abbot of Cluain-mac-JSTois, rested in 
Christ. — Mael-Sechlainn Mac Fhireidhinn, eminent priest 
and master of literature, rested in Christ, a novice in the 
Monastery of the Buill. — Gilla-in-Coimdedh Ua Duillen- 
nain, successor of [St. J Feichin and abbot of the Monas- 
tery of Canons of Es-dara, rested in Christ. — A hosting 
by William de Burgh into Connacht, so that much of Con- 
nacht was destroyed by him. Donn Mag Oirechtaigh Junior 
was killed by them and Echtighern Ua Mincachain, son 
of the Brehon, was killed by them. — A.rt, son of Art 
Ua Euairc, was killed by Ragnall Ua Einn in treachery. — 
Ma[c] Craity Mac Sherraigh, bishop of Conmaicni 



[1230] 



alienate the dlooesan property. 
The prior of " St. John's outside 
the new gate of Dublin " and his 
fellow judges (appointed ad hoc by 
the Curia, on the complaint of the 
prior and canons of Ealbixy (co. 
Westmeath)) quashed the election 
of Joseph as uncanonical and un- 
confirmed by his own (Tuam) 
metropolitan. The execution of the 
sentence was intrusted to the 
primate. He, however (quadam 
peounie summa et quibusdam pro- 
curatoribus symoniace reoeptis),for 
the second time, intruded Joseph. 

But the church having been 
long destitute of a pastor and not 
free from the danger of an invader, 
the archbishop of Tuam, to whom 
the right of election had devolved by 
lapse of time, consecrated JoceUn, 
" a monk of St. Mary's near 



Dublin." (This took place either 
at the close of 1232, or in the 
beginning of 1233. For on March 
1 of the latter year, Henry III. 
commanded the justiciary, Maurice 
KtzGrerald, to give such possession of 
the see to Jooelin, consecrated 
bishop thereof, as Robert (sic), his 
predecessor, had at his death (D. 
I., I. 2018).) 

On the other hand, the primate 
(non sine symonie vitio, ut dicitur) 
confirnied the election of G-[elasiu3 
;= Grilla-Isu], a priest of the diocese, 
said to have been excommunicated 
(for whom, see under 1237, infra). 

A palpable hiatus in the fore- 
going, namely, the death of Joseph, 
is supplied by the additional obit 
of the text. The omission of his 
demise by the original compiler 
shows that, in the chronicle from 

2t 



284 CCNMCCla vilccoh. 

ma1cne^ 'DUine if mo cpabaxi 7 einec nobi ilLeic Cuinn, in 
Chfifco'' quieuir.'' — CCe'o htia Meill, fi 'Cuaifce[i]fT; 
(efenn') 7 f 1 Leici Cuinn uile 7 ■oegatiBup aifiT)|ii5 Gf enn 
mW 7 T)Uine if mo fomafb 7 focpec gu^^u'' 7 f omill 
caiflena ■oobai "oo ^'^ai'^elaiB,* a^ ec 7 xitiine if lu^u^ 
fofailex) ■Dfagbaib baif innuf aile ace le ^allaib, 
quieuir; in* [Chfifco*]. — pioifinc" htia C6iaballa[i]n, 
efpuc "Chife-heosain, uafalfenoif cojaixie, poncipi- 
cacuf fui anno quaT)fa5efimo fecroo, [a]eT;acif fu[a]e 
occogefimo fexi;o, in Chfif7;o quieuii:." 

(lofep^ TDag "Cheicixian, epfcob Conmaicne, quieuiT:.^ 
. . . 7"" cof p San Pf onf ef T)'acf ugUT) -do comofba na 
m-byiauaf cum eagbaife "Doj^ignec 'n-aonoif fein, 8 [Ct. 
lunn.") 

ICal. Ian. pof" Ceauain,' L" xx.1111.,'' CCnno TDomini Vn.° 
cc.° xxx." ^.° ■pe-cfoligi-' (iTJOn," ben TTIuifcefcais ITIuim- 
mv, mic Toiffoealbaig moif 1 Concubuif"), mjen Con- 
cobuif TTlic X)iafmaca, quieuic in [Cbpifco].'* — T)ub- 
cablaig,'* ingen Concobaip, TDic "Oiafmaca, •do ec 1 
mainifuif na buiUe-'' — piann btla Connaccaig, efpuc 
na bfeipne, m" Chfifco quieuiT;-" — Sluaga'o mof leif 
n-X)omnaill x)0cum hUi^ UaigiUaig, co fuc ben bUi 

^-ni, B. ^ '5?iaeTOealaiB B. ^ ■do (sign of infinitive), B. ^luga, B. i itl., 
11. t. h., A ; text, B, C, D. i om.,B. "^ Sic, A, B. The iirst u arises from 
assimilation with the final. It proves that the original contained the 
proper ease-ending, i-'n. t. h., A ; cm., B, C, T>. ™™ t, m., n. t. h., A ; 
cm., B, C, D. The beginning of the entry stood on a line that was cut 
away in trimming the edge. 

A.D.1231. ifetppobse, A. Mil, B.— "■''n. t. h., A ; .111. p. (theLatin 
equivalent), B. '•''om., S. ""itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. ^-^ om., 
B, 0, D. '"OTo.yA; "dead," 0; quieuit in pace, D. 



which Maguire copied, Mag 

Theichidain was passed over as 
an intruder. 

In the Annals of Loch Ce {ad 



an.), Joseph is given first and 
quitvit in Chnsto applied to both. 

" Christ. — D adds : Eodem etiam 
anno, O'Donill cum vi armata 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



285 



[Ardagt], the person of moat piety and generosity that 
was in the Half of Conn, rested in Christ. — Aedh 
TJa Keill, king of the North (of Ireland) and king of all 
the Half of Conn and worthy future arch-king of all 
Ireland and the person of the Gaidhil that most killed 
and pillaged the Foreigners and destroyed castles, died. 
And the person that it was least thought would find death 
otherwise than by the Foreigners rested in Christ.^ — 
Florence Ua Cerballa[i]n, bishop of Tir-Eogain [Derry], 
eminent senior select, rested in Christ, in the 46th year of 
his pontificate, the 86th of his age. 

(Joseph^ Mag Theichidhan, bishop of Conmaicni 
[Ardagh], rested. — . . And the body of Saint 
Francis was removed^ on the 8 th of the Kalends of June 
[May 25] by the Superior of the Friars to the church 
that was built in his own honour.) 



[1230] 



Kalends of Jan. upon Wednesday, 24th of the moon, 
A,D. 1231. Fethfolighi (namely, wife of Muircertach the 
Momonian,^ son of Toirrdealbach Mor O'Concubuir) 
daughter of Oonchobur Mac Diarmata, rested in Christ. — 
Dubchablaigh, daughter of Concobhar Mac Diarmata, died 
in the Monastery of the Buill. — Flann Ua Connachtaigh, 
bishop of Breifni [Kilmore], rested in Christ. — A great 
hosting by O'Domnaill against Ua Haighillaigh, so that 
he took the wife of Ua Haighillaigh away with him, 



[1231] 



inuasit Conaoiain et, lioet multa 
commisit damna, tamen fiUi E,orici 
I Conchuir non adheserunt eius 
consilio ilia uioe. 

This is given in substantially the 
same terms by the Four Masters at 
this year. 

^Removed. — For the unseemly 
brawl that took place on the 



occasion of the translation, see 
Wadding, Armal. Minor, ad an. 
1230, p. 414, aeq. 

1231. ^ Momonian. — So called 
from haTing' been reared in Mun- 
ster. At 1233, D gives Odo 
venenosus, mistaking Muimnech 
(Momonian) for neimnech (veno- 
mous). 



286 



aMMalcc ularoti, 



RaigiUaig leif, i-oon, inpn meg^ phiacfiac 7 co pticfac 
feoiT; 7 innrfiufa 7" maicuif'' m Baile uile leo. — Con- 
B 60d cobtiji I50C* hUa hGcclfia, fii Luigne, quieuiu in'* [Ch|iifro].'* 
— "DubcetTifiac/ ingen hUi Chuinn, ben [phjlai^cbeyi- 
cmg hUi phlanna5a[i]n, quieuic in [Ctiinfuo'']. 
— piaicbeyiTrac htla plan n a5a[i ]n, cai fee Clamni-Cauail 
7 DUine if uaifle* 'Dobi' do Shil-inuifeT)ai5, -do^ ec 1 n-a 
oilicfi 1 Tnamifafnabuille. — T)ionifiUf®^htlaTTlofTia 
efpuc Sit-Tnuifexiais, quieuiT; in Chfifco/ 

A69b[bif.] Ical. Ian. fof'' "Dafoain, I. u.,"- CCnno "Domini m." cc." 
ODXx." 11." CCex)'' hUa ■pefgail, t;aii-ec TTluinncefi-hCCn- 
gaile, "DO map.ba'D -o'a bfaicfiB fein. — magntjf, mac 
CCtnlaim, mic 1^01x15 TTlic TTIaeliritictnais, cainnel einig 7 
egnuma^ 7 cfabaixi, in Chfifco" quieuii;." — Sluaga'D la 
hUilliam bufc co caif(:el bona-^aillbi,^ co n-'oefnfac 
caifcel ann. — TYlai'Dni vo tiabaifc "oo na "Cuarail!) aji 
Concobuf, mac OCexia, mic Ruaixtfi, cofi'map.bati Con- 
cobu)a ann 7 5il-^«-CiaifC, mac "Donncaxia ec aln mulci. 
— "Donncax*, mac 'Comalcaig TTlic "Oiafmaca, quieuic in* 
[Ch|iifco'']. — TYlac Neill hUi 5ai^'Tfife''5ai5^ (ixion,' Con- 
cobuf°), caifec Ceniuil-ITloen, quieuii:; in [Clif.ift;o]. — 
CoifecfiaT) cempaill Cille-moipe 7 Canonaig do "oenum 
ifin baile cecna la Conn Iit(a'pianna5a[i]n.* — Sluo^aTi' 
'TTIeis, B, 'got), A. " a.— his (death took place), 'S. ^TDioniy, B. f-'mo 
marctiY' Tjoboi — of greatest goodness that was, B. s-g om., D. Clifiifco is 
omitted in A . 

A.D. 1232. ^esnoma, B. ^-'gaill.tine, B.' 'gaii'imle- (by metathesis 
of Xj and p.), B. *-can, B. — "'> n. t. h., on blank space, ; om., B. i" This 
and the following entry are given under 1231 in D. "" CfuieuiC in> 
A. ^-* om., B. This item is the last -which D. has in common with 
A, B, C under this year. <'" itl., u. t. h,, A ; om., B, C. " om., B, C. 



^ Stammerer. — Incorrectly ren- 
dered mutus in D. " The adjective 
god (got) in medical Irish MSS. is 
used to translate the Latin balbus, 
or balbutiens''' (O'Donovan, Fowr 
Masters, iii., p. 260). 



3 Ua Mordha.—The Annals of 
Loch Ce {ad an.) state that he died 
in the establishment of the Canons 
in Trinity Island (Loch Ce), on 
Dec. 15 and, was succeeded by 
Donough 0' Conor. 



AJ^NALS OF ULSTER. 



287 



namely, the daughter of Mag Fhiachrach. And they 
took away the treasures and valuables and chattels of the 
■whole town with them. — Conchobur Ua hEaghra the 
Stammerer,^ king of Luighni, rested in Christ. — Dub- 
themhrach, daughter of Ua Cuinn, wife of [FJlaithbertach 
Ua Flannaga[i]n, rested in Christ. — [The aforesaid] 
Flaithbertach Ua Flannaga[i]n, chief of Clann-Cathail 
and the person that was noblest of the Sil-Muiredhaigh, 
died on his pilgrimage in the Monastery of the Buill. — 
Dionysius Ua Mordha,^ bishop of Sil-Muiredhaigh 
[Elphin], rested in Christ. 



[1231] 



Kalends of Jan. upon Thursday, 5th of the moon, a.d. [i232Bi3.] 
1232. Aedh Ua Ferghail, chief of Muinnter-Angaile, was 
killed^ by his own kinsmen. — Maghnus, son of Amhlam 
son of Tadhg Mac Mailruanaigh, candle of generosity and 
valour and piety, rested in Christ. — A hosting by William 
de Burgh to the castle of Bun-Graillbi, so that they built a 
castle there. — Defeat was inflicted by "the Territories" on 
Conchobur, son of Aedh, son of Ruadhri [Ua Conchobair], 
so that Conchobur [himself] and Grilla-Crist son of Donn- 
chadh [Mac Diarmata] and many others were slain there. 
— Donnchadh, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, rested in 
Christ. — The son of Niall Ua Grailmredhaigh (namely, 
Concobur), chief of Cenel-Moen, rested in Christ. — Con- 
secration of the church of Cell-mor [took place]^ and 
Canons were established in the same place by Conn 
Ua Flannaga[i]n. — ^A hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn, 



1232. ' Killed. — According to the 
Annals of Loch Ce (^ad oh.), he was 
burned (in an ignited house) in the 
island of Loch Guile (in Annaly), 
CO. Longford, the territory of the 
O'Farrells. 



^ [_Took place]. — ■ By Donough 
O'Conor, bishop of Elphin (^Annals 
of Loch Ce, ad an.'). O'Flannagan 
(ib.~) was prior of Kilmore (about 
six miles east of Elphin O'Donoyan, 
P.M. iii. 261). 



288 



CCNMCCla uLCC"Dtl. 



la T)omnaU hUa loclainn, la fiis Ceniuil-eosain, co 
n-^allaiB 7 co n-^aixielail? 1 "Cip-'Conaill ■D'aii'mill moia 
1 ■pdnaiu 7 1 'Ci|^-Chonaill 7 T)'a vac byiaigi;! "Oomnaill 
hU) Oaigill 7 hUi 'Caifice[i]p.t; laif. — SUmsax) la hUa 
n-TDomnall ifin bliatiain cecna 1 'Cifi-neoj^am, co piacu 
'Cula[c]-n6c, ■o'aia'maiib bu 7T)'ap.'loifcapbaiina7'o'ap.'- 
iTiill mop. apcena ifin t;ifi 7 caimc ap cul co cofguiaac. 
Ocuf Ifin bliatiain cecna poaipj loingMif Ceniuil- 
eogain TDiTibaxi 7 Gaginif 7 TDOjiala btiixien 00 Chenel- 
Conaill im mac Meill bUi T)omnaill cucu j vafiiax) 
dp na loingfi 7 'o'ap'mapba'D mac Weill.* 

(peixilim^ Concubaip, pi Connacc, "do gabail tdo 
■Ricap-D a Oupc, a TTIilic, a pill 7 pige Connacc do CCex> 
mac TluaiT)pi apip.^ 

jcal. Ian. [un." p., I. xui.,"] CCnno "Domini TTI .° cc-" ocxx." 
111." Sluaga'D la ■pei-olimix)^ hUa Concobuip 1 Con- 
naccaib, co n-DecaiX) Copmac, mac 'Comaluaig 1 n-a 
asaix),^ cocucleif e 1 1Tla§-Luip5, co n'-oepna longpopc 
ic^ "Opuim-gpespaiTie 7 co caimc Copniac 7 Concobup 
amac 7 na cpi 'Cuaca 7 "oa mac TTltiipcepcais ITlic 
■Diapmaca, icon, "Oonncaxi 7 TTluipcepcac. Ocup'ip i 
commpli "ooponpac: coct;i^n-T)iai§ OCe'Sa, micRuaitipi 7 
cucpac mai'Sm pop CCex), mac Rua'bpi, ann, iT)on, po]a 

A.D. 1232. "om., B, G. s-en. t. h., Aj om., B, C. 
A.D. 1233. iperolim, A. ^ „.j,(j,g (metathesis of 5 and ■6), A. '05, 
A. "a, B. — '-a blank sp^ce, A, B. 



■^ Was Mlled The final entry of 

this year in D is : Eodem anno, pauper- 
rimi Fratres, quos Minoritas vocant, 
venierunt (sic) in Hibernian). 

* Feidhlim, etc. — About the end of 
August of this year, Henry III. 
wrote to de Burgh, the justiciary, 
that he had been informed that de 
Burgh seized, imprisoned, and griev- 
ously and shamefully treated Frethe- 
lin (Feidhlim), son of a former liing 



of Connaught. He was commanded 
to liberate Feidlim, on his finding 
sureties to abide anything laid to 
his charge and to certifj' why he had 
been imprisoned [D. /., I. 1975). 
In consequence^ doubtless, of this 
mandate, Feidhlim (according to (he 
Annals of Loch Ce and the initial 
entry of the following year) was 
set at liberty. His seizure was 
perhaps one of the reasons why de 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



289 



[namely] by the king of Cenel-Eogain, along with the 
Foreigners and with the Gaidhil, into Tir-Conaill, whereby 
he destroyed much in Fanat and in Tir-Conaill and took 
away the hostages of Domnall Ua Baighill and of Ua Tair- 
cheirt with him. — A hosting by Ua Domnaill in the same 
year into Tir-Eogain, until he reached Tulach-oc, whereby 
he killed cows and burned crops and destroyed much 
besides in the country and he came back triumphantly. 
And in the same year the fleet of Cenel-Gonaill harried, 
Midbadh and Eagh-inis and a party of the Cenel-Conaill, 
under the son of Niall Ua Domnaill, came upon them and 
thereby was caused destruction of the fleet and the son of 
Niall was killed.^ 

(Feidhlim* O'Concubhair, king of Connacht, was taken 
prisoner by Richard de Burgh in Milic, in treachery and the 
kingship of Connacht [reverted thereby] to Aedh, son of 
Euaidhri [Ua Conchobair], again.) 



[1232] 



Kalends of Jan. on 17th feria, 16th of the moon, a.d. 
1233. A hosting by Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir into 
Connacht, until Cormac, son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], 
went to meet him, so that he [Cormac] took him with him 
into Magh-Luirg and formed a camp at Druim-Gregraidhe 
and there came out^ Cormac and Conchobur [his son] and 
the three Territories and the two sons of Mac Diarmata, 
namely, Donnchadh and Muircertach. And the counsel 
they adopted was to go in pursuit of Aedh, son of 
Buaidhri [Ua Conchobair]. And they inflicted defeat in 
that place upon Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, that is, upon the 



[1233] 



Burgh was deprived of the office of 
justiciary in the beginning of the 
following month (ih., 1977). 

1233. ^ Out. — Amach vo. the ori- 
ginal ; the lection followed by C. 
D has filius eiusdem ; that is, the 



translator's text was a mhac, mean- 
ing that Conchubar was son of 
Cormac. The Annals of Lock Ce a,nSi 
the Four Masters have the same 
reading. 



290 



CCMMCCLCC UlCCDtl. 



1115 Connacc, guji'mafiba'D e pern 7 CCeTi ITluimnec, mac 
■Ruait)p.i 7 a mac 7 "Oonncaxi mo]i, mac "Oiafimaca, mic 
A 59o RuaTDjii I 7 "oaine imx)a[i] aib,® lap, -papugUTi 'C151- 
Oaiuin 7 lap,® n-a flac -o'CCe-D TTluimnec 7 layi" flac 
ceall 7 ecluip n-inrcia aile/ sup.cuicipeT:'' pein 1 n-einec 
cealt 7 naem Connacc.'' — Caifcel-na-Cailbge 7 caifceL 
Oona-na-SaillBi do fgaile'D La peixilimifi hUa Con- 
cobuip. — tlilliam -oe Laci 7 Seyiluf, mac CamiL liUi 
Concobuiia 7 ^oil-t im'Da[i] | "oo mayibaxi la 1Tluirnit;iia- 
Raigillaig^ 1 TIfloTiais-cpanncaiii. — TTlael-lffu tiUa 
inaenai5, uafalfacafiu jiosabaTt a falcaip. jac n-aen 
la[u], acT; T)ia-T)omnai5, quieuic in'' Ch|iif co.''- — gopPl^ctig 
bUa T)ai§]ai, aip.cinneac T)aiifie Coluim-cille, in Cbinfro 
quieuic. 

('Cfianflacio'' beat;i TDomimci.") 



B 61a 



B 61a 



]Cal. Ian. [i.'' p, h xxuii.,"] CCnno T)omini TT1° cc.'a^ococ" 
1111. CCilin, mac Uccpaig, pi ^all-^aitiel, mopt:u[u]f 
eyz. — 'Domnall,'' mac CCexia hUi Neill, p^i Ceneoil- 
©ogain 7 axibup p.is Openn, vo mapba-o t)0 ITlhac 
Loclamn' 7 do Chenel-eojain pein.^ — CCgd hUahe-ajyia, 
\iU Luisne/ DO iTiayibaD le. "OonncaD hUa n-eagpa. — 
Snecca mop eceia Dd Notlaic ipin bliaDam pm/ Sice 
mop D'a eip, co n-imcigcip Daine 7 eic po n-eipiB ap 
aibniB 7 ap locaiB^ Bpenn. — ^DiapmaiT: hUa CuinD, 
caipec Tnuinnr;epi-hCCn5aile, do° rtiapbaD." — Cac do 
^aile, A. "ayi — wpo« (temporal), B. ''ete, A. ^Iftaisalt-, B. ''-'' om., 
B, C, D. "t. m., II. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1234. ^Lac-, B. ^pawin, B. ^lacaiB, A. — =■■» on blank space, 
A, B. i^ This entry follows tlie CCet) item, B, C, D. «-=om., A. ^ y] — 
this, B. o-'motictitip epc, B ; " died," C. This and the 'giUa-na-tiaerh 
and TTIaet-pecaip, entries are omitted in D. 



^ Casth of the Hag. — Cabtrum 
vetule, D. 

' Monach-cranncain. — Bog of beau- 



tiful trees, Grunna crannchaj'n, D. 
At 855 [=856] supra, Bellum Gron- 
nae niagnae is the Latin rendering 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



291 



king of Connaclit ; so that he himself was killed and Aedh 11233] 
the Momonian, son of Euaidhri and his son and Donnchadh 
Mor, son of Diarmait, son of Euaidhri and many other 
persons [were killed], after the profaning of Tech-Baithin 
and after the pillaging thereof by Aedh the Momonian 
and after the pillaging of many other ahbeys and 
churches; so that they themselves fell in atonement of 
the churches and saints of Connacht. — The Castle of the 
Hag2 and the Castle of Bun-na-Gaillbhi were razed by 
Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir. — William De Lacy and 
Charles, son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir and many 
Foreigners were killed by the Muinnter-Raighillaigh in 
Monach-cranncain^. — Mael-Isu TJa Maenaigh, an eminent 
priest that used to recite his Psalter every day, save 
Sunday, rested in Christ. — Geoffrey Ua Daighri, herenagh 
of Daire of [St.] Colum-cille, rested in Christ. 
(Translation* [of the body] of Blessed Dominick.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 27th of the moon,] a.d. [1234] 
1234. Aillin, son of Uchtrach, king of the Foreign- 
Gaidhil, died. — Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Keill, king of 
Cenel-Eogain and future king of Ireland, was killed by 
Mac Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain themselves. — 
Aedh Ua Eaghra, king of Luighni, was killed by 
Donnchadh Ua Eaghra. — Great snow between the two 
Nativities [Dec. 25 — Jan. 6] in that year. Great frost 
thereafter, so that persons and horses went under burdens 
upon the rivers and lakes of Ireland. — Diarmait Ua Cuinn, 
chief of Muinnter-Angaile, was killed. — -A battle was 



of Cath Mona-moire — Battle of 
Moin-mor (big bog). 

* Translation, etc.— On May 24, 
Tuesday in Whitsun week, of this 
year, during a general Chapter of the 
Order,;the body of St. Dominiclc was 
transferred with imposing ceremonial 



to a more befitting receptacle in the 
church of St. Nicholas, Bologna. 
(See Bzovius in Ann. Eccl., 1233, u. 
5 ; Quetif and Echard : Script. 
Ord. Fred., tab. chron, inter pp. 
84-5.) 



292 



ccNtjalcc ularoh. 



A69d 



B 61b 



cufi 7)o'n TTIhaiaafcal 7 T)o ^allaiB eperiTi, goi'i'maiiba'D 
in maiaafgal* ann. — TDael-lffU hUa ^ojimgaile' 
pyiioiii Innipi-mic-n-Ciiin, quieuit; in Chiaifz;o. — CCengUf 
TTIac 5i1-^e phinnem, ^ii pep-TTIanac, "do maiibaxi la 
hUa n-'Domnaill. — ^^lla'-na-naem, mac CCific hUi 
byiain, oii^cinnec Rofa-Comain, quieuic in [Chfiifco].' — - 
■rnael-pecaiy\' hUa Ca|imaca[i]n, maijifciii Rofa- 
Comain, qtiieuit; in [Chyiifco].' — eppuc hUa^-pacfiac, 
Titla^ TTlail-pa^aniaiti,^ quieuii; in* Chi^ifco.* 

]caL Ian. [ii-° p., I. ix.,"] CCnno 'Domini 171." cc.^ xxx.° 
u.° Loclainn, mac eccisepn hUi Ceallaig, -do mafiba'o 
■DO macaib in ^illa piabai§ bUi Oai5ill. — SluagaTi mop, 
lepin ^iupcip 7 la TTlac Uilliam 1 Connacua, gup'- 
aipgecup ITIainipcip na Ouille 7 co n-'oepna'Dup cpeac 
Cpeci^ 7 ■Docuai'D lap pin ipin ITlumain, gupgaB bpaigci 
hUi^ bpiain 7 mini'c api[ci]p[i] 1 Connacca 7 co CaLa'o 
na-caip5i, 5«p'pd5[b]ax» in cappacc^ v6 7 gtipcuip luce 
coimeT;a innci 7 gi'Dei)* ■Dopagba'D^ ccr^i'[ci]p[i] 1 7 -oo- 
legaxi. 

Op*" ap in ICalain-o pi cic TDomnall hUa Neill.") 

]Cal. 1an.[iii.^p.,l.xx,'']0CnnoT)omini m.°cc.°xccx.°oi.° 
Cpec Slij;i'D T)0 ^enam lepin ^biupap 7 le bpian, | 
mac 'Coipp'oelbaig, gup'sabaTiup mnd imxia bpoTOi.^ — 

* -cat at first; c was altered to 5 ! A. ^0, A. «maeil-, B.— "om., 
B, C. s-Som.,B, C,D. 

A.D. 1235. iCrieici, B. ^1, A. ^-05, A, * gitiec (that is, the 
siglum for ec with dot overhead, used frequently for eT>), B ; jTOeaTi, A. 
"-ga-D, A.— "-> blani space, A, B. •'-'' t. m., t. h., A ; cm., B. C. D. 

A.D. 1236. ^brioi-De, B.—''* blank space, A, B. 



1 234. 1 Marechal. — Eichard, Earl 
of Pembroke. See the graphic 
account in Gilbert's Viceroys, p. 93, 
seq. 

2 Ua Domnaill. — D. adds: vide- 



licet Donaldum magnum O'Donill, 
qui tunc sibi subiecit omnes in- 
habitantes illius patriae, ita ut sibi 
et eius filio post ipsum in omnibus 
parerent concorditer ut suae patrie 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



293 



fought between the MarechaP and the Foreigners of [1234] 
Ireland, so that the Marechal was killed therein. — Mael- 
Isu TJa Gormgaile, prior of Inis-mic-nErin, rested in 
Christ. — Oenghus Mac Gille-Fhinnein, king of Fir- 
Manach, was killed by TJa Domnaill.^ — Q-illa-na-naem, son 
of Art TJa Brain, herenagh of E.os-Comain, rested in 
Christ. — Mael-Petair TJa Carmaca[ijn, Master [of the 
school] of Eos-Comain, rested in Christ. — -The bishop of 
TJi-Fiachrach [Kilmacduagh], TJaMailfhaghamhair, rested 
in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 9th of the moon,] a.d. [1235] 

1235. Lochlainn, son of Echtigetn TJa Ceallaigh, waS 
killed by the sons of the Swarthy GUla TJa BaighiH. — A 
great hosting by the Justiciary^ and by Mac William [de 
Burgh] into Connacht, so that they plundered the Mon- 
astery of the Buill and effected the pillaging of Creit- 
And he went after that into Munster, until he received 
the pledges of TJa Briain and he came again into 
Connacht, to the Ferry of the Rock, so that the Eock was 
abandoned to him and he placed a party of guards 
therein. JSTot withstanding, it was abandoned again and 
pulled down. 

(It is in \lit , on] this year comes [the death of] Domnall 
Ua Neill.2) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 20th of the moon,] a.d< [i236Bis.] 

1236. The pillaging of Sligech was done by the Jus- 
ticiary and by Brian, son of Toirrdhelbach [TJa Con- 



homines ; qua conditione O'Donill 
reraisit illis omnes retroactas iaiuriaa 
et damna quaecunque, pro quorum 
satisfactione illi suas terras et semet- 
ipsos eideui perpetuo tradiderunt. 

The original of this I have been 
unable to find. 



1235. ^Justiciary. — Maurice, son 
of Gerald Fitz Gerald. 

'^Domnall TJa Ne.ill.—'BjA is said 
in the text to have been killed in 
the preceding year. This note is 
intended to be a correction of that 
statement. 



294 



aMMttla uLa"DTi. 



^illa-pacfiaic* TTlac ^lUa-jioi-o, coifec Cene[oi]l-Oen- 
gufa, mopcuuf efc.^ 

]Cal.1an. [u.-pol. 1.,"] CCnno IDomini m.°cc.'' xxx-'uii." 
Ci'tec Uenna-T)uin vo x)enum la peixibmi'D hUa Con- 
cobaiyi^ ocuf 'Domaiaba'D ConcobuiT. hwve, mac ■Coiyiyi- 
■Delbaig 7 TiOX)-^, mac Copmaic. Ocuf mini's ^" S^^f^T 
00 'CeiimoTin-Cail-pifiT)^ 7 'Doloifce'D in baile 7 'ooloifce'D 
7;empoll Imlis-U-Rocaxia. — marom Cluana-ca[ca] t^oc 
Peix)Umi'D^ ap, macaiU Ruaitifii 7 ap Concobuyi, mac 
Coyimaic- — "Corndf hUa 1Flua'Da[i]n, efpuc unsne, 
quieuii: in [Chpifco]. — Gfpuc Conmaicne, iT)on, htia 
Toiamai'D, quieuiu in [Chiaif co] . — ITltiiixceiacac TTlac 
TDiofimaca (mic" Ruai^jxi''), quieuic in [Chiiifuo] (no,° t>o 
mayiba'D"). 

]Cal. 1an. [ui." p, I. xn."] CCnno "Domini TT1.° cc.° xxx." 

uin." 'Oonnca'D uai^nec, mac CCe-oa, mic Huaixiiii, -do 

maifiba'D ■00 'Chaxis, mac CCetia, mic Cacail c|^oiB'De[i]p5. 

— "Donncaxi, mac "Ouaiacain bUi Bixsp-a, vo majiba'o "D'a 

A 60a byiaicfiib. — I Sluaga-D^ mofi 'oocua-DUp ^ccill^ 1 Cenel- 

A.D. 1236. "i' om., C, D. 

A.D. 1237. i-buiri, A. 2 -lainn, A. ^ peiTilim, A.— >■" blank space, 
A, B. ''■bitl.,n. t. h., A; om., B, 0, D. «n. t. h., A; om., P, C, D. 
A.D. 1238. 'Sluag, B. ^^mU, B.— "-"blank space. A, B. 



1236. '^Captive.— Aitertiiis entry, 
D has : Eodem anno Sanctus Fran- 
ciscus morfcuus est. I do not know 
any saint of the name who died in 
this year. 

1237. ^ Va Ruadhain. — O'Ruan, 
C ; O'Ruanj, D. The; inflected d 
was omitted in pronunciation. 

^ Ua Tormaidh. — .In the Annals of 
JjOcJi Ce (ad auS), his Christian name 
is given as Gilla-Isu. Having ob- 
tained confirmation of his appoint- 
ment from the primate (1230, note 
1, supra), he, according to bishop 



Jocelin, collected an armed force and 
burned the episcopal houses, to- 
gether with the fort, or close (oas- 
trum), of Ardagh church ; thereby 
destroying the stone (round f) tower 
of the cathedral (quandam eius 
turrim lapideam). 

Then proceeding against the 
bishop, who was being vested for 
celebration of the divine offlces, 
Gelasius would presumably have 
slain him and Lis, had they not 
provided for themselves by flight. 
Thus expelled, Jooeliu proceeded 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



295 



ctiobair], so that they took away many women captive. i 

Gilla-Patralc Mac Grillaroid, chief of Cenel-Oengusa, died. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 1st of the moon,] a.d. 

1237. The pillaging of Rinn-duin was done by Feidh- 
limidh Ua Conchobair and there were killed Conchobur 
the Tawny, son of Toirrdelbach and Tadhg, son of 
Cormac. And the Justiciary came to the Termon of [St.J 
Cailfhinn and the town was burned and the church of 
Imlech-Ua-E,ochadha was burned. — The defeat of Cluain- 
Ca[tha] was inflicted by Feidhlimidh upon the sons of 
Ruaidhri and on Conchobur, son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata]- 
— Thomas Ua E,uadhain,i bishop of Luighni [Achonry], 
rested in Christ. — The bishop of Conmaicni [Ardagh], 
Ua Tormaidh,^ rested in Christ. — Muircertach (son of 
Euaighri) Mac Diarmata, rested in Christ (or, was killed^). 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 12th of the moon,] a.d. 

1238. Donnchadh of Uaithne,i son of Aedh, son of 
Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair], was killed by Tadhg, son of 
Aedh, son of Cathal E,ed-Hand^. — Donnchadh, son of 
Duarcan Ua Eaghra, was killed by his kinsmen. — The 
Foreigners went upon a great hosting into Cenel-Eogain. 



[1236] 



[1237] 



[1238] 



to the Curia for redress. The 
judges appointed by Gregory IX. 
were the archbishop of Dublin, the 
bishop of Osaory and the prior of 
All Saints, Dublin. (Theiner, libi 
sup. p. 30-1.) O'Tormey, it seems 
probable, died before the proceed- 
ings "Were brought to a close, leav- 
ing Joceliu in undisputed posses- 
sion. 

On a, review of all the circum- 
stances, it seems impossible to 
acquit Donatus, archbishop of Ar- 
magh, of grave dereliction of duty. A 
question to be decided amicably 



by canonical process he thrice de- 
liberately submitted to the arbitra- 
ment of force. 

The total silence of the native 
Annals respecting a contest of such 
duration and violence is remarkable. 

' Was killed. — This, according to 
the Annals of Loch Ce, is the true 
reading. 

1238. ' Of Uaithne. — So called 
perhaps from having been fostered 
in Uaithne (Owney and Owney- 
beg, CO. Limerick ; O'Donovan, 
Baok of Rights, p. 45). 

2 Red - Hand. — Scahidi, D. The 



296 



CCNMalCC uIccdTi. 



n-eojain. — piaicbefiTrac'' TTlac Cactfiail,, a|i'ot;oifec Cen- 
e[oi]L-'Pepa'Dai5, bapjigaiipci'D 7 eini§5<^ei'Diul[sic]7afiT)- 
coifec tiano Clainni-Consaile 7 O-Cennpotja hi "Ciii- 
TTIanac, a rhap.ba'D "oo iDonncax) TTlac Cartfiail,, T)'a 
bfiacaip pein, 1 meaBaiL'' 

|Cal 1aii. [uit." p., L xxni."] CCnnoT)omini TTl .° cc." axr.° 
ix." Cac Caiian-Siat)aiU cue "DoniTialL TTlag tacLainn, 
t)u inayi'mapbaTi^ Tiomnall 'Cainnaisi Neill 7 TTlas 
Tnar5aiTina7Tnaici CheTnuil-TTIoen^uile 7 •pocai'De aibe 7 
■DohacyiisaTi in* blia-oain |xeirrie fin e (i-oon," "DomnalL 
TTlag Laclctinn") 7 1)0506 aiai[-ci]f[i] an yiigi ceuna a 
haicLi in[T)J maxiniii moip, fin cue. 

B6ic[b:f,] jcal. 1an. [1." p., I. 1111."] CCnno T)omini TTl " cc." xL" 
■peiiiLimiT) tla^ Concobui'ia "do tiuL caipip eo zee pi^ 8axan 
7 cue onoip 7 pimiaxi^ mop leip. — Copmac, mae 'Conial- 
caig, DO acpiga-D ipin bbatiain pin.^ — pepgat,, mac Con- 
connacc (1" llaigillig''), "do mapba'S la TTlaelpuanaig, 
mac ■pepgaib (7" la Concubup, mac Copmaic^). — TDonn- 
cax>, mac TTluipcepcaig, "do galSail piji* na Caipp^i. — 
^illa-na-naetfi T)pea[i]n, oipcinnec CCpDa-capna, 
quieuic in° [Chpipco"]. 

('Oominup'' CClbepicup, apcbiepipcopup CCpximacbanup, 
111 CCnglia in CCpt)machanum conpecpacup epc apchi- 

A.D. 1238. ''■'>om., A ; perhaps, as it was the last item, by oversight. 
Given in C, D. 

A.D. 1239. 1 -cSi-, A. 2 ayi'maribatii A. 3 Cenel- B. « ati, B.— 
"•^ blank space, A, B. , ''-'> itl., t. h., A. ; om. B, C, D. 

A.D. 1210. iQ, A. ^riigniiaT), B. ^ -pi— Mis, B. »pi, A. (Scribe 
perhaps thought the meaning iris that Donnchadh took (captured) the 
king, instead of took (assumed) the kingship). — "-^blank space, A, B. 
•■-"itl., u. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. " = cm., B, C, D. "^-^ n. t. h., A ; om.. 



translator, by a lapse of memory, 
took Cathal Carrach for Cathal 
Oroih-derg (Red-hand). 
1239. 1 Of Tamnach. — O'Keill 



was probably reared in Tawny 
(Tamhnach), oo. Fermanagh. 

^ More. — Et aliis qui hie non 
numerantur, D. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 297 

— Flaithbertach Mac Catliniail, arch-cliief of Cenel- [1238] 
Feradhaigli, crown of cliampicnship and generosity of the 
Gaidhil and arcli-cliief, moreover, of Clann-Congliaile and 
TJi-Cennfhoda in Tir-Manach, was killed by Donncliadh 
Mac Cathniail, by his own kinsman, in treachery. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 23rd of the moon,] a.d. [1239] 

1239. The battle of Carn-Siadhail was fought by Domnall 
Mag Lachlainu, wherein was killed Domnall O'N^eill of 
Tamnach,^ and Mag Mathgamna and the nobility of all 
Cenel-Moen and a multitude more^ [were slain]; ^nd he 
(namely, Domnall Mag Lachlainn) had been dethroned 
the year before^ that and he assumed the same kingship 
again, on the morrow of that great defeat he inflicted. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, ,4th of the moon,] a.d. [l240Bis.] 

1240. Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir went across to the houSe 
of the king of the Saxons and brought [back] great honour 
and respect with him. — Oormac, son of Tomaltach [Mac 
Diarmata], was dethroned in that year. — Ferghal, son of 
Ou-Connacht (0'E.aighaillaigh), was killed by Mael- 
ruanaigh, son of Ferghal (and by Conchubur, son 6f 
Cormac [Mac Diarmata]). — Donnchadh, son of Muircer- 
tach [Mac Diarmata] took the kingship of the Eock. — 
Gilla-na-naemb Drea[i]n, berenagh of Ard-carna, rested 
in Christ. 

(The Lord Alberic [Albert], archbishop of Ard-Macha, 
was consecrated in England^ into the archbishopric of 



3 The year tefore. — That is, by the 
force mentioned in the second entry 
of the preceding year. 

1240. 1 Consecrated in England. — 
This can only signify that Albert 
(of Cologne) was in England when 
appointed primate. On Jan. 3. 
1241, Henry III. granted him 
letters of protection in going to 
Ireland. (D. I., I. 2503.) 



He had been bishop of Bremen. 
Albertus, Livoniensis episcopue, 
obiit. Et Bremensis ecclesia, iure 
suo potita, Albertum, Bremensem 
echolasticum, in episcopum elegit; 
qui postea faotus est Primas in 
Hibernia (Annal. Stadenses A.D. 
1228-9. Mon. Germ. Hist.— 
Script, xvi. 360). Subsequently he 
became a Dominican and was Pro- 



298 



CCNMCClCC UlCCDh. 



epifcopacum. — Sa-oB, ingen 1 Cheinne-Dis, ben "Donri- 
ca-oa Caip.pifii'D Ui 0)aiain, "ohec. — CCeti, mac ^i^^ct-cpuiim 
1 Shecnufaig, [-do mai^ba'D la] Concubap, mac CCe'oa, 
mic Cacail cpoib-oepg.'') 

jCal. 1ari. [m.'p., I. xu-'], CCnno "Oomitii TTl." cc.° xl." 1.° 
"Domnall mop hUa^ 'Domnaill, pi 'Chipe-CoTinailb 7 
pep'^-TTlanac 7 Caipppi 7 dipsialt, Chlap anuap,'' a eg 
pe hatiapr; iap m-bpeiu buaixie o "ooman 7 0" TietTian 7 a 
a-onacal a TTlainipcep Gpa-puaiti. — Car Caimeipgi t:uc 
bpian Kleill 7'' ITlael-Seclaitin "Domnaill, pi 
Ceniuil-Conaill, "do "Oomnall TTlaj taclamn, "do pig 
'Cipe-heo5ain,5up'mapba'D "Domnall TTlds loclainn ann 
7 Tieicnebup^ -o'a -oepb-pine pein ime 7 caipi^ Ceniuil- 
Gojain uile 7 -oaine maici im'Da[i] aili pop 7° pigi -do 
T^abail-DO bpian Neill-D'aeip." 

(TTlupcax)' ICtlaicbepcaiT), eppuc Ganaixi-xiuinn, 7 
"Diapmaii;, mac TTlasnupa mic 'Coipp-oelBaig 7 Ta'Dg, 
mac TluaiT)pi 1 5'i'^T^cc, in Chpipco quieuepunt; hoc anno.') 

B, C, D. The -words in square brackets, being illegible in the MS., 
are supplied from the Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

A.D. 1241. '0, B. 2-neabup., B.— «->blaukspace,A, B. '>-i' om., A. In 
the MS., a blank spacers letters is left. Given In B, C, D. <= cm., A. "t)0 
— to, with tie, 7 — or, and — overhead, t. h. (signifying' thatMael-Seohlainn 
was the ally, not opponent, of Brian), B. =-«om., A. " n. t. h., A; cm., 
B, 0, D. 



vincial in England at the date in 
the text. (See the additional 
entries respecting him under 1242, 
1246, infra.) 

^Sadhb; Aedh.—Giv^n in the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

^ Gilla-a-am. — 2'he stooped gillie. 

1241. 1 Domnall mor. — D adds : 
filins violentis O'Donil. The trans- 
lator perhaps took Egnachan, which 
was the name of his father, to 
signify violent. 

'The Plain.— "Hhe plain here 



referred to is Machaire OirghiaU, 
or the level part of the county of 
Louth, which was then in the pos- 
session of the English" (O'Donovan, 
F. M. iii. 302). 

2 On thepillow. — That is, a peace- 
ful death from natural causes. B 
gives : mortuus eat in habitu oani 
monachi. lUeque Donaldus magnus 
diminuit extorsiones aliaque onera 
suis subditis, et omnia tarn perfecte 
in sua patria in ciuili gubernaoionis 
forma reducta et oertis utilibus 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



299 



Ard-Macha. — Sadhb,^ daughter of O'Ceinnedigh, wife of 
Donnchadh Cairpredh TJa Briain, died. — Aedh,^ son of 
Gilla-crom^ O'Shechnusaigh [was killed by] Conchubliar, 
son of Aedb, son of Cathal Red-Hand [Ua Concbobair].) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 15tb of the moon,] a.d. 
1241. Domnall Mor^ Ua Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill 
and Fir-Manacb and Cairpri and Airghialla from the 
Plain^ downwards, died on the pillow,^ after bringing 
victory from the world and from the demon and he was 
buried in the Monastery of Es-ruadh. — The battle of Cam- 
eirghi was given by Brian O'Neill and Mael-Sechlainn 
O'Domnaill, king of Cenel-Conaill, to Domnall Mag 
Lochlainn, [namely] to the king of Tir-Eogain, so that 
Domnall Mag Lochlainn was killed therein and ten of his 
own tribe around him and all the chiefs of Cenel-Eogain 
and many other good persons likewise. And the kingship 
was taken by Brian O'Neill after him. 

(Murchadh* O'Flaithbertaidh, bishop of Eanadh-duin, 
and Diarmait, son of Magnus, son of Toirrdelbach [Ua 
Conchobair], and Tadhg, son of Euaidhri O'Gadhra, rested 
in Christ.) 



oonstitutiouibaa de oonsilio pro- 
cerum eiusdem pro oommuni usu 
inter dominos et sabditos tenentes 
factis et oonfirmatis in sua vita 
egit, ut communi hominum estima- 
tioue nemo ex eius generatione a 
tempore Odonis Mae[-ic1 Aynmeragh 
tarn bene rexit ita ut similis 
Cowyn centum bellorum in bellis ex- 
tirpandis ao Cormaco, filio eiusdem, 
in equitate iudiciorum ao Arthuro 
Hynir in extirpandis et rejioiendis 
foraneis et dignus sooius Brian 
Bnravo in bellioosis aotibus et re- 
ligione retinenda dioeretur. Cuius 
bonorum operum fruotu regnnm 
Connallie vioit et reliquit suis 



posteris. Cui suocessit filius eiuB, 
Moelseaghlin. 

The original of the foregoing I 
have not found. His death as a 
Grey (Cistercian) monk and the 
comparisons, with exception of the 
first, are given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce (ad an.). Aed, son of 
Ainmire, was slain in 597(-8), supra. 
Conn of the hundred battles, Art 
Aenfhir (the lonely), his sou and 
Cormao, son of Art [not of Conn, as 
in D], were kings of Ireland who 
lived in the second century (a.d.). 
Brian Boruma was slain in the 
battle of Clontarf, 1014, supra. 

* Murchadh, etc. — These three 

u 2 



[1240] 



[1241] 



300 



ttMNaLcc uLcron. 



jcal. Ian. [1111." p, I. xxui."], CCnno *Oomini TTl." cc.° ccL° 
11.° "Donncax) Caifibyiec hUa bi^iain 7 a mac, Toiiap- 
Tielbac/ T>o eg 1 n-aen bliatiaiTi. — bi^ian hUa^ DuB'oa, 
A 60b .j-ii hUa^-piacpaS 7 IrUa^-nCCrrialsai'D | T)0 eg ifin bliaxiain 
cecna. — Sluaigex) ttioit. lefin ^lUfcif 7 le ■perolimi'D 
hUa^ Concobaiifi 1 "Ciia-Conaill 1^ n-'oeagai'D 'ChaTOg T1IJ1 
Concobaiii. sup-'gabfat: bfiai^x)!* hUi^ 'OomnaiU "oo'n 
cuti Tin. — 'Ca'Dghtla^ Concobaifi'DOsabaille Coin-Cboti- 
Tiacc hUa^ Uasallaig qie -pui^aiiphei'olimi'D in bbaxiain 
cet;na -pof. 

(CClibeafia," aiyiT)epfcop CCfiTa-TTlaca, -do Ttul a Sax- 
anaiB. — Ugo -oe Laci, layila tllaTi, quietnu."). 

T5 6id ]caL Ian. (p.' 5, I. 7*), CCnno "Domini m." cc. xV 
111.° Coyimac, mac 'Comali;ai5, -do gabail le 'Caxig (mac*" 
A.D. 1242. 1 -T)eal-, A. ^q, A. ^a,A. ^ -TDe, A. 5*1, A.— ""blank 
space, A, B. ''■'' n. t. h., A ; om. B, C, D. 

A.D. 1243. — """n. t. h., on blank space left by first scribe, A; om., 
B. i'->'itl., n. t. h.. A; om., B, C, D. 



obits are given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce [ad mi.). 

1242. 1 Donnchadh. — Thus in D : 
Donatus Carribragh O'Brien, rex 
Momonie ac legitimus heres Brien 
Borui[mh]e in defendendo et re- 
tinendo nomen, dignitatem, fidem 
et famam Momoniensium et prin- 
cipale sustentaoiilnm gubernaoionis 
Hibernie, una cum filio suo, Ter- 
lagh, qui expectatus rex erat 
Momonie, mortuus est. 

The foregoing is apparently ex- 
panded from the obit in the Annals 
of Loch Ce {ad an.), in which 
Donnchadh is called the supporter 
of the faith and fame of the Half 
of Mogh and tower of splendour 
and pre-eminence of the Kouth of 
Ireland. 

Donnchad's zeal once produced 



an unexpected result. In a Letter 
addressed to the bishops of Annagh- 
dowu and Clonfert (dated Jan. 10, 
1244), Innocent IV. appoints them 
judges in a complaint made by the 
bishop of Killaloe against the arch- 
bishop of Cashel. After his con- 
secration, Kichard de Burgh, the 
Justiciary, retained the regalia, 
refusing to give them up, except 
on payment of a sum of money. 
Whereupon the bishop threatened 
to excommunicate any one paying 
the mulct. Verum quia tandem, 
ipso penitus ignorante, anobili yiro, 
D. Carbrecb, domino Tuadomonie, 
Laoniensis diocesis, contra in- 
hibitionem huiusmodi dicta fuit per- 
soluta peounia, et per consequens 
prefata regalia eidem episoopo 
restituta, idem archiepiscopus, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



301 



Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 26th of the moon,] a.d. [1242] 
1242. Donnchadh^ Cairbrech TJa Briain and his son) 
Toirrdhelbach, died in the same year. — Brian TJa Dubhda, 
king of Ui-Fiachrach and Ui-Amhalgaidh, died in the 
same year. — A great hosting by the Justiciary and by 
Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobhair into Tir-Connaill, in pursuit 
of Tadhg Ua Conchobair, so that^ they received the 
hostages of Ua Domnaill on that occasion. — Tadhg Ua 
Conchobhair was taken prisoner by Cu-Oonnacht Ua 
Raghallaigh, by direction of Feidhlimidh, this year also. 

(Alberic [Albert], archbishop of Armagh, went into 
Saxon-land.^ — Hugh De Lacy,* Earl of Ulster, rested.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 5th feria, 7th of the moon,) a.d. [1243] 
1243. Cormac, son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], was 



contra eum [episoopum] ex alia 
causa rancore concepto, ipsum ex 
hoc reepersum labe symoniaca re- 
putat et multlplici molestatione per- 
turbat. (Theiaei, ubi sup., -p. iS.) 

^So that, etc—In D: Et licet 
mTilta damna intulemnt patrie, 
tamen defecerunt ex desiderio, quia 
Thadeus eis traditus non fuit. Bed 
postea Oonnaasius O'Kaylii eundem 
Thadeum ad requiaitum Fieknei 
I Conor in vinculis detinuit. 

The last sentence is the rendering 
of the textual Tadhg item. 

3 Went into Saxon-land. — The 
object of this journey appears from a 
mandate of Henry III. (St. Sever, 
May 6, 1243) to the justiciary of 
Ireland. A[lbert], archbishop of 
Armagh, had lately come to the king 
in Gascony, demanding, in right of 
his church, restitution of Drogheda, 
Iiouth and other vills, and of the 
manor of Nobber (co. Meath), this 
last having belonged to Hugh de 



Lacy, late Earl of Ulster. Eitz 
Grerald was commanded to take with 
him the treasurer of Ireland and the 
Seneschal of Meath and enquire into 
the archiepiscopal rights ; which the 
king neither will, nor ought to, 
subtract from. (D. 1., I. 2618). 

* HugJi de iac?/.— Erroneously 
given under next year in the Annals 
oj Loch Ce. Henry III. -wrote to 
the justiciarj- of Ireland (Bordeaux, 
Feb. 8, 1243) that, by law and 
custom of Ireland, the king may 
distrain widows by their lands to 
take husbands of the king's choice, 
provided the widows be not dis- 
paraged. Fitz Gerald is com- 
manded that, if A[melina], widow 
of Hugh de Lacy, will not marry 
Stephen Longespee, as the king had 
requested her, he shall distrain her 
to do so, according to the custom of 
Ireland. {D. I., I. 2600). De 
Lacy must accordingly have died in 
the preceding year. 



302 



aNNccla nltt.X)\]. 



CCexia, TTiic Cacailc|xoibT)eip5'') Concobaip.^ ic^tTlainif- 
ciyi na binlle 7 a bean, msen TYles Cafiyi'cai^, T)0 uabaiyit; 
■DO Cboin-ConnacT; Rai^iUaig, iDon, Tnauaifi 'Caix>5 
pein. — "Ca-Ds Conco15aiyi -do "Dallaxi 7 tio -pbocax) xio 
Coin-Connafe Ra^allail (1:11.6'' puyiail ghall ir 
^aoi'Seal"). — CCefi" "OhuiBDirtma, -dux na bpe-oca, 
Tno]ictiuip efc." 

(5iUa-pat;ifiai5* hUa bCCnluain, yii Oiiasmll, T)0 
map.ba'D le fai5T)eoifi Connaccac aypv claToeac. — 
•Ruaiyii, mac CCexia, mic Cacail cpoiBTjeifij, tio baca^ 
mfin T;-8inoinn, ag CCc-liaj. — ConcuBaifi, mac CCefia, mic 
Cacaib ciT.oibT)ei|i5, 'o'ec'' — Sluo^a'D'' [la] p.i Saxan cum jfii 
[■pi^anc] an bliaTjam fi.") 

[h^f ] jcal. Ian. (p.° 6, 1. IS"), CCnno T)omini m.° cc." xl." 1111.° 
Concobuia, mac CCex>a hUi Concobtnyi, quieuic in 
[Ch|iifco]. — Ruai^iii. mac CCe-Sa, a 'Deia[b]biaa€aiii, vo 
bafiuTi ifin c-8inain'D. — 'Donncax) bUa Concobaip, epfcop 
Oil-pmn,^ m Chiiifco quieuc. — Col^mac, mac "Comalcaig, 
qui eu It; in" Cbifiifco." 

(Caiflen" "Dhomnais-rfiaisean do cumT)ac -do clocaiB 
hoc anno.°) 

]cal Ian. (p." 1, l. 29"), CCnno "Domini TTl." cc." xL" u.° 
Casa-D mop. ecep. pi Saxan 7 Opecain^ in bliat)ain pi. 

A.D. 1243. i-buiyi, A. ■'15, A.— ""cm., A ; given in B, C, D. 
^■^n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. ^-'r. m., n. t. li. (the words in square 
brackets are illegible), A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1244. ^OilepinT), A. — »» n. t. h., on blank space, A; om., B. 
UK cm., B, 0. D. «■« n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1245. ibyiea-, B. — »-»n. t. h., on blank space, A ; om., B. 



1243. ^ Bt/ direction, etc. — lussu 
supradicti FeUmei, D. 

2 Died.—D adds: O'Donill, Moel- 
seagblin, cum suo exercitu multa 
damna Tirione intulit et magnam 
predam exinde abduxit. The ori- 
ginal is not known to me. 



3 Ruaidhri. — This and the follow- 
ing item are found in the Annals of 
Ztoch Ce under the ensuing year. 
They seem misplaced here, being 
found in the text at 1 244. Or per- 
haps the interpolator considered this 
to be the true year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



303 



taken prisoner by Tadhg (son of Aedh, son of Cathal Red- 
Hand) O'Conchobair, at the Monastery of tbe Buill and 
his wife [Etain], daughter of [Finghin Mor] Mag 
Carrtbaigh, was given to Cu-connacbt 0'E.aigbillaigh. 
[She was,] namely, the mother of Tadhg himself. — Tadhg 
O'Conchobair was blinded and emasculated by Cu-Oon- 
nacht O'Raghallaigh by (direction^ of Foreigners and 
Graidhil). — Aedh O'Duibhdirma, chief of the Bredach, 
died." 

(Grilla-Patraig Ua Anluain, king of Oirgialla, was killed 

by a Connacht archer — E.uai[dh]ri,^ 

son of Aedh, son of Cathal E,ed-Hand, was drowned in 
the Shannon at Ath-liag. — Conchubhar, son of Aedh, son 
of Cathal Eed-Hand, died. — -A hosting by the king of the 
Saxons against the king of the Franks this year.*) 



[1243] 



Kalends of Jan. (on 6th feria, 18th of the moon), a.d. [1244 Bis.] 
1244. Conchobur, son of Aedh Ua Conchubuir, rested^ 
in Christ. — Euaidhri, son of Aedh, his brother, was 
drowned in the Shannon. — Donnchadh TJa Conchobair, 
bishop of Oilfinn, rested in Christ. — Cormac, son of 
Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], rested in Christ. 

(The castle of Domnach-Mhaighean was covered [roofed] 
with stone this year.) 



Kalends of Jan. (on 1st feria, 29th of the moon,) a.d. 
1245. Great war' between the king of the Saxons and 



[1245] 



* This year. — Giveri also in the 
Annals of Loch Ce and the Four 
Masters under 1243 ; but errone- 
ously. Henry IIL was in Forts- 
mouth on May 5, 1242 {D. 2., I. 
2564) ; in Saintes, June 8 (ib., 
2565) ; in Bordeaux, Sept., 6, 1243 
{ib., 2638), and in Westminster, 
Oct. 12 (ib., 2639). 



1244. ' Rested.— A fCistercian) 
monk in the abbey of Boyle, accord- 
ing to the Annah of Loch Ce {ad an.) 

1245. ' Great war. — Maxima 
gurrarum (sic) comotio inter regem 
Anglie et Brittones, UBde vocati 
fuerunt a rege Justiciarius et Kel- 
meus O'Conchuir in Angliam et 
iverunt, D. 



304 



aMNalcc ulcroli. 



In ^lUfcif T)o "Dul r:aiiT,if 7 peTOliTnixi^ (I'oon,'' a cabaiia 
1115 Saxan") ifin blia-DaiTi ff ipof." — Caiplen Sligig^ t)0 
Tienam le TTlac ITIuiyiif (Tnic''56iaail,c'*) ifin blia-oain fi. 
(■mtipcaT)' hUa hOCnltiain 'o'elos o 1nif Loca-an- 
■DpocaTO cfie miiibuilib paTDjiais.") 

jCal. Ian. (p." ^, I. 10"), CCnno T»omini 171." cc.° xl° ui.° 
niac Comaiaba TTIoctia -00 gabail efpocoi-oe 8hil- 
, tTluipe'Daig 7 niyi'Leise-D a bee Tt'a ainififi vo |ie pollani- 
ntigu'b. — "Cainig ^lUfcif nuacaifiif 7 pohaciaaigex)^ TDac 
A 60c TTluipif. — "Oocolaxi [ "Comalcac hUa^ Concobaifi^ "Docum 
efpocoi'oe Oil-pinD. — Cepball bui-oe "Oalm^ qmetric 
in Chiiifco. — mujicax)'' hCCnluam, in' Oipficep,, ■do 
maiabax) qie epail byiiain hUi ■Meill." 

2 peTolim, A. s SligiT), B.—^i' itl, u. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. •= « om., B. 
''■'' itl., n. t. h., B ; om., A ; given in D. " The castle of Sligo -was made 
this 3'ear," C. ■=■= n. t. h., A ; cm., B, C, D. 

A.D, 1246. •'iT.o cayip-aiseT), B. The contraction y := ei) is here 
employed in A and B. ^ 0, A. ^ -btnifi, B. — -^ n. t. h., on blank space 
A ; om., B. ^^ cm,, A ; given in B, C, D. 



' The Justiciary. — On Jan. 30, 
1246, Henry III. wrote to Maurice 
Ktz Gerald that David, son of 
Llewellyn, late prince of North 
Wales, broke the treaty of peace 
with the king, invaded the king's 
land of Wales, slew his subjects, 
and tried to seduce the Welsh 
barons from their allegiance. The 
king prays the justiciary, magnates 
and subjects of Ireland (which he 
wishes to share in his conquest) to 
join him in revenging such treachery. 
Ktz Gerald is commanded, amongst 
other matters, to certify what pro- 
vision and force he can despatch to 
the king's aid and to confer with 
the magnates thereupon (Z). /., I. 
2733). 



' Feidhlimidh. — On March 29, 
1245, letters of safe conduct for one 
year were issued for him, in coming 
to the king. On Oct. 21, 1245, 
letters of protection, dated from the 
camp at Gannoc (Carnarvonshire), 
were granted to him until the king's 
arrival in Ireland (Z>. /., I. 2738- 
78). 

^Thisyear. — D adds : Eodemque 
anno, Moelseaghlen O'Donill, facto 
magno exereitu, invasit Anglos et 
Hibernios inferioris Conacie, a 
quibus multas vaccas aliaque innu- 
mera bona asportarunt. 

This is given in the Four JUaslers 
under the present year. 

^Murchadh See the last (origi- 
nal) entry of the following year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



305 



the Britons this year. The Justiciary^ and Feidhlimidh^ [1245] 
[Ua Oonchobair] went across (that is, in aid of the king 
of the Saxons) in this year* also. — The castle of Sligech 
was built by Fitz Maurice (Fitz Gerald) in this year. 

(Murchadh^ Ua hAnluain escaped from the Island of 
Loch-an-Droehaid," through miracles of [St.] Patrick.) 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 10th of the moon, a.d. 
1246. The son of the successor of [St.] Mochua^ took 
[possession of] the bishopric of Sil-Muiredhaigh [Elphin] 
and not [even] a little of his time was left him to govern 
[it]. — A new Justiciary^ came across and Fitz Maurice was 
deposed.^ — Tomaltach Ua Oonchobair was raised* to the 
bishopric of Oil-finn [Elphin]. — Cerball O'Dalaigh the 
Yellow rested in Christ. — Murchadh O'hAnluain, king of 
the Oirrthir, was killed by direction of Brian Ua Neill. 



[1246] 



^ Loch-an Drochaid Lake of tlie 

Bridge. See 105-3, note 10, supra. 

1246. ^ Successor of [St.] Mochua. 
— That is, abbot of Balla, co. Mayo. 
His name was John O'hUghroin. 
On the death of Donnohadh in 
1244, supra, John, the archdeacon 
and Thomas O'Cuiun, abbot of 
Eosoommon, were elected by the 
dignitaries and the junior canons 
respectively. Both appealed by 
procuration to Innocent IV., who 
was then in Lyons. In a Letter 
addressed to the archbishop of 
Tuam, dated July 3 (1245), the 
Pope decided ia favour of John and 
gave a dispensation in the defect 
arising from his having been de 
soluto geniius et soluta. See Annals 
of Loch Ce, 1244-5; to be supple- 
mented and corrected by the Papal 
text in Theiner {ubi sup., p. 44). 



^ Sew Justiciary. — John Pitz 
Geoffrey. See Gilbert's Viceroys, 
p. 102. 

^ Deposed, — Literally, unkinged. 
" JDrawne," C ; D renders : executus 
fuit per regis ministros, — which is 
not alone incorrect in the rendering, 
but a gross historical error. In this 
(D) Translation his death is rightly 
given under 1257. 

<■ TFas raised.— On Aug. 26, 1246, 
the royal assent to his election was 
notified to the archbishop of Tuam 
(although, it was added, the dean 
and chapter made the selection 
without first obtaining the king's 
license). (O. I., I. 2844.) 

He was consecrated, according to 
the Annals of Loch Ce, on the Sun- 
day before Septuagesima (Jan. 20) 
of the following year. 



306 



(XMNaloc ularoTi. 



(CCLibiiT.o'' CClmaineac, aia'oepfcop CCyiT)-maca, "d'oc- 
lauguTt cum na llunjaifie. — Spfcop Raca - Lufiaig -do 
rolugaTi cum q-iDepfcopoTDe CCiix)a-Tn aca.°) 

B62a IcaL Ian. (p." 3, I. 21"), CCnno "Domim m." cc" a;L° 
uii.° TTlael-SecLainT) hUa T)omnaill, fii 'Cipe-Conaill 
7 in 5i^^cc muinelac hUa^ Ouigill 7 TTlac Somaiplig vo 
mayhav le TTlac ID uip,if i'' m-bel-aca-fenaig 7 p-ojab- 
■pau Cenel-Conaill pe peccmain comlain in c-ac, nap'- 
leigpec ^0:^1- ncc ^otroel caipip 7)115, no 5up'imip Copmac 
hUa^ Concobaip cealg pa xieipe'D : iT)on,'DOCuai'D Copmac," 
mapcpluag, ap pac' in moigi piap 7 'DOin'orio lap pin ap 
puc in muigi cecna, puap co bop-o in moincig 7 'oocuai'o 
laim pip paip co paimc CC^-cuil-uaine ap in Gipne. 
Ocup nipaipigpen Cenel-Conaill, co paca-oup in mapc- 
pluag mop cuca T)o'n caib* va pabaT)up Tio'n abainT). 
Ocup map^ T)o® bi Cenel-Conaill 7 a n-aipe ap a mapc- 
pluag leiu "D'a cul, ■ooleigpec^ na 501^^ 'pc"i^ °^' co 
t;apla Cenel-Conaill 7 in ^'l-ba muinelac hUa^ Oai5ill7 
TTlac Somaiplig^ pe TTlac TTluipip i'' m-bel-a^a-penaig, 
copcoicpec" ann." — Caiplen TTlic g^T'^'sCOl-^ "^o lela-o 
le macaiB CCexia hUi Conco15aip. — Cagax) mop "do "oenam 
"DO "Coipp-oelbac (mac'* CCe'oa hUi Choncubaip'*) 7 "do na 
macaiB pig (pe'' 5<^llai6 in blia-oain pi") 7 bailexjo 
im'Da[i] "DO lopca'D 7 501^^ imt)a[i] -do mapba-o leo. — 

A.D. 1246,—':-': n. t. h., A; om., B, 0, D. 

A.D. 1247. '0, A. ''a, A. 3^^^, B. ^caeiB, B. « muia, A. eRe- 
peated by mistake, A. ' guyi' teigpecup, [so ihaf, etc.), B. ^ipiti, B. 
^ •SomtiiifiLaij, B. — ^"» n. t. h., on blank space, A; om., B. '^ om.; A. 
"=■= 501^'malaba'6 leip lac — so that they were killed by him, B ; followed 
by C. ^-^ itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 



^[Alherf], etc. — Postea, idem 
Albertus, scilioet anno 1246, Papa 
Innocentio IV., apud Lugdunuiu, 
civitatem Galllae, tunc morante, 
legatus in Pruciam et Livoniam est 
tranemisBus. Et sequent! anno, 



defuncto lohanne episcopo, residen- 
tlam obtinuit in sede Lubicense et 
demum faotus archiepiscopua 
Kigensis {Ann, Stad., ubi sup., p. 
360-1). 

His departure took place early in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



S07 



(Aiberic [Albert]^ the GermaB, arcbbisliop of Ard- 
Macba, proceeded to Hungary [Prussia]. — The bishop of 
Rath-Luraigh was chosen^ to the archbishopric of Ard- 
Macha). 

Kalends of Jan. (on 3rd feria, 21st of the moon,) a.d. 
1247. Mael-Sechlainn TJa Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, 
and the ["Wry-]necked^ Grilla Ua Eaighill and Mac 
Somairligh were killed by Fitz Maurice in Bel-Atha- 
Senaigh. And the Cenel-Conaill held the Ford for an 
entire week, so that they allowed neither Foreigner nor 
Gaidhel across, until Cormac Ua Conchobair played a 
ruse in the end. That is, Cormac went with the horse- 
host throughout the length of the plain westwards and he 
turned after that upwards, throughout the length of the 
same plain, to the edge of the morass and went close 
thereby eastwards, until he reached the Ford of Ouil- 
Uaine on the Erne. And the Cenell-Conaill noticed not 
until they saw the great horse-host [advancing] to them, 
on the side of the river on which they were. And whilst 
the Cenel-Conaill had their attention upon the horse-host 
on their rear side, the Foreigners plunged into the Ford, 
so that the Cenel-Conaill and the ["Wry-]necked Gilla 
Ua Eaighill and Mac Somairligh met Fitz Maurice in 
Bel-Atha-Senaigh [and] fell there. — The castle of 
Mac Goisdelbh was pulled down by the sons of Aedh Ua 
Conchobair. — Great war was made by Toirrdelbach (son 
of Aedh Ua Conchubhair) and by the sons of the kings [of 
Connacht] (against the Foreigners this year) and many 
towns were burned and many Foreigners slain by them. — 



[1246] 



[1247] 



the present year. On March 3, it 
having heen intimated to the king 
that Armagh was vacant by resigna- 
tion, the justiciary, Fitz Geoffrey, 
was commanded to take possession of 
and keep until further orders all the 



archiepiscopal land and chattels. 
{D. I., I. 2812.) 

^ Was chosen. — See note on 
Raighned under next year. 

1247. ^ Wry -necked Collo Tor- 

turatus, D. 



308 



ccNMalcc ula'oti. 



eacmaii.cac° htla Caua[i]n, fii Cianacc 7 pefi-na-C|iaiBe, 
•DO ifiaiibax) la TTlcc^nuip hUa Ccrca[i]n, afi n-'oul v6 ayi 
c|ieiccui5e,cohCCiyirep,-mui5i 1 n-TJail-iiiauai.' — Ruaigfii 
hUa Cananna[i]n -do ^a15ail yiige 'Ci|ie-Conaill. — CCeti 
TTlac ConccciLleaxi, abb Cluana-Goif, quieuic. — ■Raigne'D 
7)0 oifi['D]Tieax) 1 n-aia'Depfcoboi'D[i] CCfi-oa-TTlaca ipn 
Roim. — TnujicaT) htla hCCnluain,|ii Oifipci|i, t)0 maiiba'D 
an bliaxiain [fi].' 

[biy-.] Ica^- 1an. p" [4], I. 2," CCnno T)omini m.° cc.° xl." 11111.° 
■Ruaixjfii hUa Canatina[i]Ti -do mafibaxi la T^opppaig/ 
mac "Domnaill nioi|x hUi^ "Domnaill 7 T»aine imx)a[i] 
eile apaen fiif 7 goppiaaig' "do gabail 11151* 'Chipe-Conaill 
"o'a eifi. — ■Raigne'D,* ap.T)epfcop CCp-Da-TTl aca, -do ueacc 
o'n Tloim cum pallio 7 ai[ip]piiinn do pa-oa tio leip 1 peil 
Psa-oaip 7 poill mnCCp'D-ITIaca.'' 

(A) (B) 

lufDif na heipenn -do Slogeti'la^allaiBepenn 
X)ul, fluag, 5U Cuil-pa^ain co Cuil-parain co n-Deap- 

A.D. 1247.— «■" om., A. "om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1248. I'gopiaaiT), A. »M, A. sgoppccij, B. "riige.B. «-aom., 
B. i>-i'om., B, C, D. "■'= This follows the Longa entry in B. It is the 
text of C and D. 



' Raighned. — The apparent incon- 
sistency of this and the final 
(additional) entry of the preceding 
year is explained by the Letter, 
dated Lyons, Oct. 8 (1246), of 
Innocent IV. directing the Domi- 
nican Prior of Drogheda and the 
Franciscian Guardian of Dundalk 
to serve citations in the matter of 
the Armagh succession . When the 
See became vacant (by resignation 
of the German, Albert), the Chan- 
cellor, against the consent of the 
rest of the Chapter, postulated 



Germanus, bishop of Rathluraigh 
(Derry). The archdeacon appealed 
to the Pope, who through the 
aforesaid Prior and Guardian en- 
joined all concerned to appear 
before the Curia on, or before, the 
next Letare Jerusalem Sunday (the 
fourth Sunday of the following 
Lent, March 10, 1247). (Theiner, 
uii sup., p. 45.) The present entry 
of the Annals shows that the elec- 
tion of Germanus was set aside, and 
Raighned [Reginald ?] made arch- 
bishop. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEB. 



309 



Eachmarcach Ua Catlia[i]n, king of Ciannachta and of [1247J 
Fir-na-craiblie, was killed by Maghnus Ua Catha[i]n, on 
his going upon a foray to the latter, to Airther-muighi 
in Dal-riatai. — Euaighri Ua Cananna[i]n took the king- 
ship of Tir-Oonaill. — Aedh Mac Conchailleadh, abbot of 
Cluain-Eois, rested. — Raighned^ was instituted into the 
archbishopric of Ard-Macha in Eome. — Murchadh Ua 
hAnluain, king of the Oirrthir, was killed this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on [4th] feria, 2nd of the moon, a.d. [i2i8Bis.] 
1248. Ruaidhri Ua Cananna[i] was killed by Greoffrey, 
son of Domnall Mor Ua Domnaill and many other persons 
[were killed] along with him and Geoffrey took the king- 
ship of Tir-Oonaill after him.— E-aighnedh, archbishop of 
Ard-Macha, came from Eome with the Pallium and Mass 
was said by him in it, on the feast of [SS.] Peter and 
Paul [Monday, June 29], in Ard-Macha. 

_ (A) (B) 

The Justiciary of Ireland A hosting by the Poreign- 
went [with] a host to Cuil- ers of Ireland to Cuil- 



Witli respect to the bishopric of 
Eathluraigh (Eathlurensis), valu- 
able information is contained in 
another Letter of the same Pope, 
dated Lyons, May 31 (1247), trans- 
ferring the See therefrom to Derry. 
From the time of the delimitation 
of the dioceses, the See tVas in 
Derry. Sed postmodum bonae 
memoriae Ocophtyg [Ua Cob- 
thaigh], predecessor eiusdem (i.e. , 
of the bishop who postulated to 
have the See moeed back to Derry) 
sedem ipsam ad villam Rathluren- 
sem, de qua idem predecessor 
originem duxerat, illectus natalis 
soli dulcedine, a Sede Apostolioa 
non petita lioentia neo obtenta, 
transtulit motu proprie voluntatis. 



The Ua Cobhthaigh (O'Ooffey) 
here mentioned was, no doubt, the 
bishop of that name who died in 
1173, supra. The foregoing is 
strong confirmatory evidence that 
the Bishop's Chair offered to the 
Abbot Ua Brolchain in 1158 meant 
the dignity of mitred abbot. It 
seems incredible that an abhot- 
bishop of Derry should remove the 
See from there to Maghera (Rath- 
Luraigh). 

1248. 1 Craft.—" These were cots, 
or small boats, which were carried 
by land on the shoulders of men, to 
be launched on lakes for plundering 
islands " (O'Donovan, F. M., iii. 
330). 



310 



aNwata mLocdK 



B62b 



A62d 



7 caif let! 7 "DjioiceaT) -do naDUyi 7)iaocac nu banna 7 
•tienum xioiB ag T)]iuirn- caifcel *Opoma-caip.ifiipi5 7 
mipfic. ccccjaeba'D in "oiioma." 

ton ga'^ 7)0 caBai]ac la bp,ian hUa Neill, la hai]T0)ii5 
•Cuaiipcific Gtienn, -oe loc-peaBail 1 mag-nlm, cap 
'Ceifinionn-T»abeo[i]c, ilLo]icc, co laaimc loc-n-Giiane, co 
n-Tiepna cpeic n-'oiaprfiici 7 suji'bfiif caifuel ann.'' 

jCal. Ian. (p." 6, 1. 13°), CCnno "Oomini Tn.''cc.°xl.''ix.° 
T)a blmtiain -oec 7 fecc cet; blmxian -Docuai-D Colum- 
cille CO hi 5Uf an blia-oain fi.'" — ITlac hCCnfii | -do 
mafibax) la hCCe'D hUa Concobaip, ition, OCexi, mac 
■pei-DlimiX)^ 7 "Oaibit; T)iaiu 7 ^oilmaici eile imaille^fiiu. 
— TYlai-Dni CCra-na-pig ai^ 'Choi|ifi'Delbac hlla" Con- 
cobui|x* T)'ayi'maiabax) CCe-o, mac CCetia, ann 7 bfiian in 
1)01116 7 .mopan vo maiuib Connacz;. — Sluaige-o m6]i 
leifin ^'i^r^if 7 le TTlac Tlfluiiaif (1" ConnaccaiF), cop'- 
inna]T,bf ax;^ ■peix)limi'D afin v\\i 7 lao-pag-pat; Toiiayi'Delbac,* 
mac CCexia, 1 n-a inaxi. 

('Niall'' hUa Canana[i]n "do jaBail iiige 'Chiyie-Conaill 
an blia-oan fi. — 'Cofia'D im'Sa ayi cpannaib an blia'oain 

A. D. 1248. '^■^ om., A ; given in B, 0, D. 

A.D. 124:9. i-liTmj, B. ^ maille (aphaeresis of i), A. 2-faca|i, B. 
* TJaifVifi-, A, — "-"n. t. h. on blank space, A; cm., B. (They signify the 



same down to 1254, inclusive.) 



om., A ; given in B,C, D. ""itl., n. 
t. h., A ; cm., B, C ; given in D. <i-4 n. t. h., A ; cm., B, C, D. 



1249. ' Twelve years and seven 
hundred years. — This is a material 
error. In A.n. 637, St. Columba 
was in hia seventeenth year. He 
passed over to lona when he was 
forty two years old. Perhaps, 
however, as the editor of the Annals 
of Loch Ce suggests {ad an.), the 



meaning is 12 years less than 
700. (That is, for ecus — and, we are 
to read o — from.) This would bring 
the reckoning within a year of a.d. 
562, the true date. (See Todd 
Lectures, Vol. III. pp. 21-2.) 

^ Them. — Namely, with the son 
of Henry Poer and with Drew. 



ANNALS OF TJLSTEE. 



311 



rathain and a castle and rathain, so that they built 
bridge were built by them the bridge of the Bann and 
at Druim-tairsech. the castle of Druim-tairrsech 

and the mansion of Druim- 

[-tairrsech]. 

Craft^were carried by Brian TJa Neill, [namely] bj'^ the 
arch-king of the North of Ireland, from Loch-Feabhaill 
into Magh-Itha, past the Termon of [St.] Dabeoc, into 
Lore, until he reached Loch-Eirne, so that he took away 
countless spoil and broke down a castle there. 



[1248] 



Kalends of Jan. (on 6th feria, 13th of the moon), a.d. 
1249. Twelve years and seven hundred years^ [have 
elapsed] since [St.] Colum-cille went to I[ona] to this 
year. — [Piers] son of Henry [Poer], was slain by Aedh 
TJa Conchobair, namely, Aedh, son of Aedh, son of Feidh- 
limidh and David Drew and other Foreign nobles [were 
slain] along with them.^ — The defeat of Ath-na-righ [was 
inflicted] on Toirrdelbach Ua Conchobuir, whereby Aedh, 
son of Aedh, was killed therein and Brian of the Doire 
and a great many of the nobles of Connacht [were 
killed]. — ^A great hosting by the Justiciary and by Fitz 
Maurice (into Connacht), until they expelled Feidhlimidh 
out of the country and left Toirrdelbach, son of Aedh, in 
his stead.^ 

(Niall Ua Cananna[i]n took the kingship of Tir-Conaill 
this year. — Great crop on trees this year.) 



[1249J 



5 In his stead. — D adds : Deinde 
O'Donill Goffredus inuasit Oona- 
oiam mferiorem cum magno exer- 
citu et deuastauit totam patriam a 
monte Corsleave . usque ad flumen 
Moye et tandem rediit cum magna 



patrie preda et captiuis ac obsidibus 
nulla habita resistentia in ilia ex- 
peditione. 

Tbis is given in the Four Masters 
under the present year. 



312 



CCNNttla UlCCDtl. 



|CaL. 1an. (p.," 7, t 24".), CCnno TDomini m." cc.° l." 
Tnael-Tntiiip.e htla^ LacT:na[i]n, ap,T)efpuc "Ctiama, m 
Chyiifco quieuic — "Cainic peiT)lim[ix)] ifin cifi 7 TDOceic 
"CoiiafVDelbac p,6ime^ a n-ucn ^alL — "Comaf UleallaiTi,^ 
eppuc eanai5-T)tiin, in" ChiaifT^o quieuiz;." — OeaiTo" cem- 
puill moiiT. "Ohmiae Colmm-ciUe "oo cuicim, w efc, fexco 
l-DUf ■pebiauap.n. — Seifilin, ingen TTlic taclainn, pigan 
'Cucciipce[i]p.c Gpenn, moiacua, efc." 

(iDtniaif* TTlac ^ectyiailc 7 Ca^al htia Raigillail 7 
e-acai-D TTlhcc^ TTlcrcsaifina DO'bul, fluag, a'Cijfi-CTionaiU 
7 Nmll hUa Canannan t)0 rriapba'D Leo, it)oti, jii 'Chipe- 
ConaiU.') 

ICal. Ian. COommica" 1. 5") CCnno T)omini m° cc.° l.° 1.° 
pioiiaini; ITlac pianTO,^ "do co5a[T)] cum ayi-oefpucoi'De^ 
'Guam a y^ yioba -DinsiTiaba cuice he ctp, mev egna 7 
'dIi51x>.'' — CCyi-DsaU hUa [ph]laicbefi7:ai5, ifiTOonana CC1I15, 
cai'nneb §aifciTi 7 einig 'Cbuaifce[i]fiT: Gfienn, mojacuup 
eyv. — 5illa-CiT,ifC hUa bpeiplen, T:oifec pana[i]c 7 a 
bpacaifi ■DO majiba'D la Ceallac m-balB hUa m-Oaigibl- 
— "DoncaTi TTlac Cacttiail, T:oifec Chene[oi]l-'PepaTiai5, 
"DO map.ba'D 'o'CCipsial.laiP." 

(TLaigneT),'' aip-Deppcop CCyxna-TTlaca, tdo ■duL cum na 

A.D. 1250. ' 0, A. ^yioime, A. ^ TTl eall (with sign of oontraotion 
attached to the final I). Overhead is placed "o, n. t. h., in A, to signify- 
that the ending is — a\i>. — '■''> oin., B. =-"om., A; given in B, C, D. 
o-<i n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1251. I -pioiTTO, A. ^airi-D— , B. '=-1= om., B (followed by C, L). 
<=■" om., A ; given in B, C, D. '^■^ n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 



12.^jO. ^ Mael-Muire.— His death, 
according to the A. L. C. [Annals of 
Loch Ce], took place " a very short 
time before Christmas," 1249. 
This is confirmed by the letter of 
the Dean and Chapter of Tuam, 
about the end of Dec, 1249, pray- 
ing the king's licence to elect in 
room of Marianus. The licence 



was granted to their proctor, Jan, 
16, 1250 (Z). /., I. 3028-34). 

2 O'Meallaidh.—lhs election of 
Concordis (Conohobar ?), his suc- 
cessor, was confirmed by Innocent 
IV., Jan. 12, 1251 (Theiner, p. 53). 
The royal assent was given (though 
the election took place without 
licence) on May 8 (p. I., I. 3131). 



AKNALS OF ULSTER. 



313 



Kalends of Jan. (on 7th feria, 24th of the moon, a.d. 
1250. Mael-Muirei Ua Lachtna[i]n, archbishop of Tuaim, 
rested in Christ. — Feidhlimidh [Fa Conchobhair] came 
into the country and Toirrdhelbach fled before him, into 
the midst of the Foreigners. — Thomas O'Meallaidh,^ 
bishop of Eanach-duin, rested in Christ. — The pinnacle of 
the great church of Daire of [St.J Colum-cille fell, namely, 
on the 6th of the Ides [8th] of February.— Cecily, 
daughter of Mac Lochlainn, that is, queen of the North 
of Ireland, died. 

(Maurice^ Fitz Gerald and Cathal Ua Eaighillaigh and 
Eachaidh Mag Mathghamna went [with] a host into Tir- 
Conaill and Niall Ua Canannan, namely, king of Tir- 
Conaill, was killed by them.) 



[1250] 



Kalends of Jan. (on Sunday, 5th of the moon,) a.d. 
1251. Florence Mac Flainn was elected"^ to the arch- 
bishopric of Tuaim, and he was fit therefor by the extent of 
[his] wisdom and legal lore. — ArdghalUa [F]laithbertaigh 
royal heir of Ailech, candle of the championship and 
hospitality of the North of Ireland, died. — Gilla-Cr'st Ua 
Breslen, chief of Fanat and his kinsman were killed by 
Ceallach Ua Baighill the Dumb. — Donnchadh Mac 
Cathmhail, chiefs of Cenel-Feradhaigb, was killed by 
the Airghialla. 

(Raighnedh,* archbishop of Ard-Macha, went to Rome. 



[1251] 



^ Maurice. — Given at greater 
length in the A. L. C. [ad an.") 

1251. '^ jElected.--'Vhis is a j-ear 
too late. Shortly before May 27, 
1250, the Dean and Chapter of 
Tuam wrote to the king that, hav- 
ing obtained licence, they unani- 
mously elected Florence, chancellor 
of their church and sub-deacon of 
the Pope. The royal assent was 



given on May 27 (Z). I., I. 3044-5). 
The consecration took place in 
Tuam on the Christmas day of 
the same year [A. L. C, a.d. 
1250). 

2 Chief. — Subregulus, D. 

^ Eaighneil, e(c.— These items, 
with exception of the last, are also 
given in the Fow Masters under 
this year. 

X 



314 



aw M aloe ulccuh. 



B 62c 



Roma. — Irhayi Tnagrfia'Dagan, ^aifec Cloinne-TluaTifiac, 
■DO mqabax). — T)a mac Tluaigp.! hUi Meill vo maiiba-D 05 
Citl-moiia htla-Niallain. — "Donnca'D ITlac Cacmail -do 
maiabaxi. — Caiflen T)tiiTi-cuile no ^enum." 

Lbif.] |CaL Ian. (p." 2,1. 16")CCnTio T)omini m." cc." l.° n." 
Saiiiiia'D'' ce ifin bba-oain fi. — Caiflen Cail-uifci no 
■oenam le ITlac TTluif if. Caiflen TTltiigi-coba t)0 •oenam 
leif (iT)on,° le ^eayif oIt;°) fOf. — 1T)ael-TTl[o]a6'Doic hUa 
OeoUa[i]n, comafba Coluim-cille i^ n-'T)fUim-clia15, m^ 
T:-aen comafba fobo mo conac 7 f obo^ oiffoeficu | einec 
7 fobo mo caxiuf 7" onoif" foboi fe [a] linn pein 1 
n-6finn o ^allaiB7 o^baixielaib,* in Chyiifco quieuiu- 
— CCeT)" TTIac Cacmail mofcuuf efc. — Concobuf TTIac 
Cacmaeil figcoifec Ceniuil-pefaxiais 7 ctiac n-im'oa 
ofcena, caif eini^ 7 egnoma 'Cuaifce[i]fc Gfenn, f eji 
fica Conaill if eogain if CCifpall, a mafbaxi vo f ucaib 
bfiain hUi Weill 7 fe 1 cofnum a comaifce pfiti 7 f e 
fein af flanacuf hUi ^ailmfiexiais 7 htli Caca[i]n. — 
Concobuf bUa "Oocafcaij, caifec CCifDi-mi'-oaif fie 
hea-D, mofcuuf eye." 

(lufcif' na beif.enn 'DO ceacc, flua'o mof, 50 hCCfo- 
TDaca 7 affin 1 n-Ou-Couac 7 afei^ af a n-aif 511 
Cluain-pacna 7 bfian hUa Neill -o'a n-oi5fei|i annfin 
7 -DO uabaifc a Tieafbfacaf fein, i-oon, Tluaigfi hUa 
■Weill, Tio bfaigiT) -001 b.') 

A.D. 1252. 'a, B. ^an, B. =yiob (o om.), A. ^^haei— . B.— 
'' This item is second in A, B, C. But also (l^of ) shews that the caiften 
entries followed each other immediately, "-" r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 
0; given in D. '^-''om., B. "-"om., A; given in B, C, D. "n. t. h. 
A ; om., B, C, D. 



^Mai: CathmhaU. — The person 
mentioned in the last original entry 
of the present year. 

1252. ^ Peace-make>; eic— The 
meaning is accurately expressed in 



D : pacis et couoordiae perficiendus 
aucthor singularii inter reges 
Eoganensium et Connalliae [et 
Orientalium]. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 315 

— Imhar Mag Mhadaghan, chief of Clann-Ruadhrach, [1251] 
was killed. — The two sons of Euaighri Ua JS'eill were 
killed at Cell-mor of Ui-NiallaiD. — Donnchadh Mac 
Cathmhail* was killed. — The castle of Dun-chuile was 
built.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 16th of the moon,) a.d. [i252Bis.] 
1252. A hot summer in this year. — The castle of Narrow- 
Water was built by Fitz Maurice. The castle of Magh- 
Cobha was built by him (namely, [Fitz] Gerald) also. — 
Mael-M[o]edoic TJa Beolla[i]n, successor of [St.] Colum- 
cille in Druim-cliabh, the superior of greatest substance 
and of most distinguished hospitality and of greatest 
esteem and honour by Foreigners and by Gaidhil [of 
any] that was during his own time in Ireland, rested 
in Christ. — Aedh Mac Cathmhail died. — Conchobur 
Mac Cathmhail, royal chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh and of 
many territories besides, tower of hospitality and valour of 
the North of Ireland, peace-maker^ of [Cenel-]Conaill and 
[Cenel-]Eogain and the Airghialla, was killed by the routs 
of Brian Ua Neill, whilst he was defending his protection^ 
against them and he himself [was] under the safeguard of 
Ua Gailmredhaigh and of Ua Catha[)]n. — Conchobur Ua 
Dochartaigh, chief of Ard-midhair for a time, died. 

(The Justiciary* of Ireland came [with] a great host to 
Ard-Macha and therefrom into Ui-Eathach and from here 
backwards to Cluain-Fiacna. And Brian Ua Neill gave 
full submission to him then and delivered his own brother, 
that is, Euaighri Ua Neill, as a hostage to them.) 



^Protection. — Signifying, by- 
metonymy, those whom he had 
undertaken to protect. la defen- 
sione sui patrooinii, ipso etiam 
cxistente sub patrocinio et salvo 



oonductu I Gorumlea et I Cahan, 
D. 

' The justiciary. — John Fitz 
Geoffrey. The entry is given in 
the Four Masters at this year, 

x2 



316 



CCMMalCC UlCCttTi. 



A 61a 



ICaLlan. (p." 4, 1. 27='), OCnno nDomini TTl." cc" l." in." 
SUiag Tnop -DO dnol le ITlac TTlui|iif, co ivoeacai-D 1 Tip.- 
n-e-ogain 7 ni'ii'galS nefiz na cetin^ innci 7 t^uca'D dyi moii 
a|i na ^allaiB T)o'n TOifc^ fin. — Dlael-pe'DaiiT.'' hlla 
■muip-e-Daig, piaioiia "Ouine-seiTtiin, nio|ii;uuf eyv. — T)ona- 
T:uf, aficbiepifcopuf TT1timoni[a]e, quieuic in [Ch|iifr;o]. 
— SUmigea'D la bpmn liUa NeiU, la haiyi-ofiig 'Cl^ualf- 
ce[1]llu e-jienn, co Tnag-colaa 'o'aii'mille'D leif m caipcel 
CO n-a Tiainil5 7 caifcela inroa eile 1 n-lllli;ail5 7 -oaine 
inroa Wn rupuf pin." 

(Caiflen" ITluige-caBa -co fspif la bpian hlla Weill, 
p.15 'Chi|ie-heo5ain. — Tnael-paT)iaai5 hUa Sgannuil -oo'n 
OfiT) piifieicfiuia -DO TO§a le liayi'Depfcop (XpT)a-1Tlaca, a 
comaifile Innocenc papa, cunn efpocoiT)e Uafa-boc. Sc 
iT)em apchiepifcopuf conjpuiouic eum uicafium fuum in 
ppoumcia CCiamacliana, pofT^quam confecpacup puit; in 
monafcepio pjaaupum | TTlinopuiTi -oe T)un--Deal5an in 
■Dominica ppima CCt)Uencup "Domini. — 'Ppuccop copiop- 
puf in apbopibup hoc anno. — T)auiTi TTlhas Ceallaig, 
aipTDeppcop Caippil, quieuic in pace.") 



ICal. Ian. (p.'' 5, 1. 9'), CCnno "Domim m." cc.° l.° 1111.° 

A.D. 1253. iceann, B. ^coipg, A. ''■''om., A; given in B, C, D. 
"■■^Ful. 60a, f. m. ; fol. 61a, t. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 



1253. ' Donatus.^This should 
be David (see the final additional 
entry of thia year). The choice of 
his successor, David (Mac Carroll), 
was ratified by Innocent IV., Aug. 
17, 1254. The delay arose from 
the objection of the suffragan 
bishops that, having been made by 
the Chapter and not by themselves, 
the election was invalid. For the 
conclusive reply, see the Bull of 
confirmation (Theiner, p. 61 sq). 



Mac Carroll occupied the See until 
1289 (-D. /., III. 468). He -was 
succeeded by Stephen O'Bragan, 
whose election was confirmed by 
Nicholas IV., Sept. 21, 1290 
(Theiner, p. 151 sq). 

" Expedition. — D adds : Goflfredus 
Donill cum niagno exeroitu in- 
travit terras Eoganenses et illio 
accepit predas et captives conduxit 
multos et Brien Neill in persecu- 
tione depredantium, cum illos 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



317 



Kalends of Jan. (on 4th feria, 27th of the moon,) a.d. 
1253. A large host was collected by Fitz Maurice [Fitz 
Gerald], so that he went into Tir-Eogain. And he 
obtained neither sway nor hold therein and great slaughter 
was inflicted on the Foreigners on that expedition. — Mael- 
Pedair Ua Muiredhaigh, prior of Dun-geimhin, died. — 
Donatug,! archbishop of Munster, rested in Christ. — A 
hosting by Brian Ua Neill [that is] by the arch-king of 
the North of Ireland, into Magh-Cobha, whereby the castle 
with its people and many other castles in Ulidia were 
destroyed and many persons were killed by him on that 
expedition.^ 

(The castle of Magh-Cobha was levelled by Brian Ua 
NeiU, king of Tir-Eoghain. — Mael-Padraig^ Ua Sgannuil 
of the Preaching Order was chosen by the archbishop of 
Ard-Macha, by advice of Pope Innocent, to the bishopric 
of Rath-both. And the same archbishop constituted him 
his Vicar* in the Province of Ard-Macha, after he was 
consecrated in the Monastery of the Friars Minor of Dun- 
dealgan [Dundalk] on the First Sunday of the Advent of 
the Lord [JN^ov. 30]. — Copious fruit^ on trees this year. — 
David® Mag Ceallaigh, archbishop of Cashel, rested in 
peace.) 



[1253] 



Kalends of Jan. (on 5th feria, 9th of the moon,) a.d. [i2n4] 



aggredi tentaret, restiterunt fortiter 
Conallienses et occiderunt multos 
ex potioribus Eoganensium. 

The original is given in the Four 
Masters under 1252. 

^ Mael-Padraig. — I'he archbishop 
of Armagh wag empowered by 
Innocent IV. (May 23, 1253) to 
receive personally or by deputy 
the resignation of his predecessor 
(Theiner, p. 57). Having gone to 
Eome to consult with the Pope on 



the state of hia diocese, the bishop 
of Kaphoe obtained (March 21, 
1255) power from Alexander IV. 
to excommunicate contumacious 
persons and permission to avail of 
two Dominicans of the Irish Pro- 
vince to aid him by counsel and 
preaching (Theiner, p. 71). 

* Vicar. — The archbishop was 
absent in Eome at the time. 

^ Copious fruit, — Given in the 
A. L. C. under the following year. 



318 



ccMNala ulccoli. 



murica-DhtIa mailT[Sli]eclainni quieuic in [Cbrnr^o"]. 
"OotincaTi, mac T)onnca'Da 7 CCmlaim hUa bibfai^ t>o 
maiibu'D la ConnaccaiB.— CCin-oilef hUa TiIitdbiit-si, "cmii 
egnoma t;huaifceiii-c Gfienn, moiacuuf efc." — T)eT)icaT;io 
ecclep[a]e Sancri Pa7;)aicii T)ubliiii[a]e.* 

(T^eme" ^laicc ai'oce "Dottinaig 1 peil na Cyioice in 
c-Sarniiai'D 1 m-Baile hlla-Roaxiasan, 1 -pig Chonaill 7 
nonr^up do lofca-o a v\^ ann.°) 

jCal. Ian. (p" 6," I. 20;) CCnnoT>omini m." cc." l.° u.° 
InnocenciUf papa quieuit; in [Chiaifco"]. — iComaf TTlac 
'OiaiT.maT;a, afici-oeocan Oil-pm-o/ mopcuuf efc — "Donn- 
fleil5e° bUa piainn, abb peigl-efa poil 7 peaT)aiia 1 n- 
CCyi'D-TTl aca, moiat:u[u]f eye.' 

('Donacup,'' I'oon, an c-occrha'o abb -doBi imTTlainifT)i|i 
P01I 7 pheaT>aip. 1 n-CCp.'o-ITIaca, qmeuir; ec pacp,iciuip 
htia TTluiiaeaxiais, TOon, ppioip. an t^ige cecna, do uoga 
cum na habxiaine ec bensTuccuf efc pep mantip TTlael- 
pacpicn, epifcopi Uapocenpip.") 

B62d[bif.] |CaL Ian. (p." 7, I. P) CCrmo T)omini m." cc.° l." ui.° 
UuaiTipi htJa^ gct-opa, pi SleiBe-Luga, -do mapba'o La 
"Oaibic, mac RicaipD Cuipm. — pLoipi'nc TTlag phloinx), 
aip'oeppuc 'Ctiama-T)a-§ualann, quieuic in [ChpipcoJ. — 

A.D. 1254. 'rriaeil— , B. "om., A, B, D ; "died," C. '■= om., 
A; given in B, C, D. ^'^ ora., B, C, D. =-»n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1255. ' OiLpititi, A. — "-» n. t. h. on blank space, A ; blank left in 
B (witli tbe same signification to 1260, inclusive), i^om., B, C, D. 
«-»om., A ; given in B, C, D. <i-* n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1256. '0, A. 



1251 '[/Sore, etc.'] — The 
bracketted worde are taken from 
the A. Z. C. (ad an.) ; according 
to -which Donohadh and Aralaira 
were defeated and slain by Cathal 
O'Conor, atCloone, eo. Leitrim. 

^ Tower of valour. — "The 



threshold of manhood " ! C. Vir 
magnae estimacionis ! D. 

^Sunday. — May 3 fell on that 
day in 1254 ; which shows that the 
additional item (not given in the 
A. L. C, or the Four Masters) is 
correctly dated. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



319 



1254. Murchadh TJa Mail-[S]ecliIainn rested ia Christ. 
— Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh, [son^ of Gilla-Isa, son of 
Donchadh O'Raighillaigh] and Amlaim Ua Bibsaigh were 
killed by the Connachtmen.— Aindiles TJa Iniieirghi, 
tower of valour^ of the North of Ireland, died.— Dedication 
of the Church of St. Patrick in Dublin. 

(Lightning fire [came] on the night of Sunday.^ on the 
feast of the Cross in Summer [May 3], in the town of the 
Ui-Ruadhagan, at the Wood of Conall and nine persons 
were burned in a house there.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 6th feria, 20th of the moon,) a.d. 
1255. Pope Innocent [IV.] rested in Christ.i— Thomas 
Mac Diarmata, archdeacon^ of Oil-finn, died. — Donnsleibe 
Ua Flainn, abbot of the Monastery of [SS.] Paul and 
Peter in Ard-Macha, died. 

(Donatus,^ namely, the eighth abbot that was in the 
Monastery of Paul and Peter in Ard-Macha, rested and 
Patrick Ua Muireadhaigh, namely, prior of the same 
House, was chosen to the abbacy and he was blessed by the 
hands of Mael-Patraic [Ua Sgannuil], bishop of Eath- 
both.) 



[1254] 



[1255] 



Kalends of Jan. (on 7th feria, 1st of the moon), a.d. [i256Bis.i 
1256. Ruaidhri Ua Gradhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was 
killed by David, son of Richard Cussen. — Florence Mas' 
Floinn, archbishop of Tuaira-da-ghualann, rested in 
Christ.^ — The Muinnter-Raghallaigh were killed by Aedh> 



1 255. ^ Rested in Christ. — This is 
erroneous; Innocent IV. died in 
Naples,Dec. 7, 1254. The A. £. C. 
also give his obit under 1255. 

" Archdeacon. — The Four Mastsrs, 
against A, B, C, D and the jl, L. C, 
call him herenagh. 



^Donatus. — The Donnsleihlt^ of 
the preceding entry ; Donatus 
being the meaningless Latin alias. 
1256. ^Rested in Christ.— AX 
Bristol, according to the A. L. C. 
{ad an.). On June 29, 1256, the 
Dean and Chapter of Tuam re- 



320 



aMMaloc ulaDli. 



TTluintTCeii-RalaUais'' do majiba-D Le hCCe'o, mac pei-D- 
limSe^ htli Concobuip, {j" le Concubufi, tnac 'dgepnain 
htli Ruaiiac"), tdoii, Caral7T)omna)ll7Cu-Connacc 7111 
^illa caec 7 ^apppaig 7 maici TTluin[n]ce|xi-Tla5aUai5* 
7htla^-nfi-biiuiin uile ap aen la€aiji aj CCllT;-Tia-heillt;i, 
Of bealuc-na-beicige, 1 cinn SleiBe-in-iafaiiTD. "Oomafi- 
ba-Dup. TnuinTK;ep,-Ra§aUai55 "Oiafmair: htla^ pianna5[i]n 
7 pLann TTlds Oijieccais 7 TTltiiica'D pni) hUa ■pepgail. 
"DogonaDUf 7 "DomaiT.Ba'oap 'oaine im'Da[i] eiU nac 
aiiimiceip.* funn. 

(RaisneT)/ aiiaT)epf[c]op CCiyi-D-Ulaca, T)h'ec i]'in 
Tloim.'^) 

ICal. Ian. (p." 2, L. 12='), OCnno T)oTniTii m.°cc." L° uii.° 

(B.) 
leoan" Differ, malafi^ac 
ceall 7 gaeroel, fubica 
mofce pefiic. — TTluifif 
mac ^efailu, lufcif 
efenn fi heav, Difcailcec 
gaei-Del 7 ceall n-efenn, 
mofcuuf efc. — Scai'nnef 
cpo-oa -DO cabaifCDO Jhop- 



(A.) 
rriuifif TTlac ^epaili; 
quieuiT; 111 [Cbfifco]. — 
Caiflen Cail-uifci "do lea- 
^uT) le ^offfaig n- 
IDomnaill 7 cecu af a ai€le 
■DO 7 "DO Cemul-CoTiaill 
■o'lnnfoisi'D Sbligig 7 do 
cotnf aic f e ^allaiB in baile 

A.D. 1256. ^— tnig, B. ^ UaijiUms, A. ^ aijiimceix, B.— i" opposite 
this entry, 1. m., n. t. h., is Cat Tnuije— Slecc— £a«fe of Magh-Slecht, A 
In B, r. m-, t. h., TTl ayibaT) TTl huirnicefu— Hajallais — Slaying of Muinnter . 
Ragallaigh. «-=itL, n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 'i-'in. t. h., A; cm., B, 
C, D. 

A.D. 1257. « C and D follow B. 



ceived through Reginald, chaplain 
and Maurice Lumbard, clerk, royal 
licence to elect an archbishop. 
The choice fell upon a Franciscan, 
James O Lachtnain. The king 
assented on Oct. 16, and wrote to 
the Pope to confirm the postulation 
(D. I., III. 507-21). 



^ Allt-na-heillii. — Height of the 
Hoe. 

2 Belach-na-beithighe. — Fass of 
the birch {tree). Apud vallem [!] na 
Hally, prope viam na bethij, D. 

■* Sliabh-in-iarainn. — Mountain of 
Iron. 

^ Persons. — The remaining words 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



321 



son of FeidhHmidk ITa Conchobuir (and by Concbubur, [1250] 
son of Tigernan TJa Euairc). Namely, [tbose killed were] 
Catbal and Domnall and Cu-Gonnacbt and tbe Blind 
Gillie and Geoffrey [TJa RaghallaighJ and all the nobles 
of Muinnter-E.agballaigh and the TJi-Eriuin on one spotj 
at Allt-na-heillti,^ over Belacb-na-Beithigbe,^ in front 
of Sliabh-in-iarainn.* The Muinnter-Raghallaigh. killed 
Diarmait Ua Flannaga[i]n and Flann Mag Oirechtaigh 
and Murcbadh TJa Fergbail the Fair. They [likewise] 
wounded and killed many other persons^ that are not 
reckoned here. 

(Raighned,^ archbishop of Ard-Macha, died in Rome.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 12tb of the moon,) a.d. [1257] 
1257. 

(A) 
Maurice Fitz Gerald 
rested in Cbrist.^ — The 
Castle of Narrow-Water was 
levelled by Geoffrey O'Dom- 
naill and he and the Cenel- 
Conaill came tberefrom on 
the morrow, to attack Sligech. 
And be met with the Fo- 
reigners of the town and 



John Bisset, destroyer of 
churches and of Gaidhil, 
perished by a sudden death. 
Maurice Fitz Gerald, Justi- 
ciary of Ireland for a time, 
dissolver of the Gai<lhil and 
of the churches of Ireland, 
died. — A courageous en- 
counter was fought by 



are omitted in D, which adds: 
O Donil Groffredus cum magno ex- 
eroitu perlustrauit patriae de 
Pearmanagh et Brieni O Roirke, 
ex quibus predaa, redemptiones et 
obsides acoepit et rediit. 

This is given in substance by the 
F. M. under the present year. 

^ Raighned. — Prom a charter of 
assent (Oct. 2, 1234) to the election 
of the bishop of Meath (inserted 
in the Papal confirmation), which 



begins with Frater E., we learn 
that he was a friar, probably a 
Dominican. From the date of the 
royal licence to elect his successor, 
Feb. 20, 1257, it may be inferred 
that he died towards the close of 
1256 (D. /., III. S31). 

1 257. ' Rested in Christ. — In the 
Franciscan (or south ; to distinguish 
it from the north, or Dominican) 
Monastery of Youghal. C and D 
translate the B-text. 



322 



ccMNaloc ulaT)1i. 



pyiaig htia "Domnaitl, fii 

■Chiiae-Conaill 7 -do ^hal- 

laiB Connacc (iT)on,' 1 Ciae- 

•Dfian-cilli, 1 H,of-ceiDi, 1 

Cinc-Caiiipjai') 7 maiTitn ap. 

na ^a^^cciB 7 cpi -piciu,^ no 

ni af mo, xio mafiba'D ■do na 

fallal B. Ocuf 'Dogona'D 

"Domnaill ann 7 'Donnca'S, 

mac Cofimaic htli "Oom- 

naill, cuifi ei'm's 7 egnoma 

'Chiiie-ConailLj'Dosuin ann- 

fein 7 a eg "oi. — Cat f eel 

Cail-uiipci -DO leaga'D le 

goppfiaighUa n-"DomnaiU. 

— ConcobaiT,, m.ac 'Cigefi- 

nain,7)o ma|^ba'D le TTl umn- 

ciia-'Rasallaig. — "Cue htia 

Oinain mai'Drnmopayi^bal- 

laib ifin bba'Dam fi. 

(Cacal,° mac (Xexia, mic Ca^ail cifioibT)eiri5, vo xialla'D 

la hCCex) ConculSaifi 7 Cacal cuiixcec Concubaip, -do 

■Dalla'D mayi aen yiif.° — CCbjaaham'' htia Conallan vo vvl 

cum na Roma t;apeif a uo5[c]a cum aifiT)efpucoi7)6 

CCia-Da-TTlaca. — TDacpobiUf, ab Cluana-eoif, TDh'ec. — 

mael-TYluiyie maj IDujichai-D, T;aifec imuint;ipe-biirin, 

■DO maiiba-D, iT>on, n-a bpaiujaiB pein, 15 Cill-ifpll.'*) 

A.D. 1257. ""itl., n. t. h., A. =-o]. m., u. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 
d-d n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D " r. m., t. h., B ; om., C ; apu-D CrieTDixan, D. 



7 rue mai'om pofipo 05 Cjae- 
■oyian-Cille, ifxTlof - cene, 
1 Ciiic-Cai|ib|ii. Ocuf vo- 
gona'D htia "Domnaill ann 
7 mina gabai^; a jona 
5p,ema "oe, fiobia'D marom 
pojapa CO TTluaiTi. Ocuf 
'Doloipe'D Sligec leo 7 
-DohaiiaseTi (7'' T)05abaxi mac 
^fiipin ann, I'oon, pTDipe 
mai^"). — Cancobup, mac 
"Cigeiinain (htJi* Ruaipc"), 
■DO mapbax) le TTluinnrip,- 
Haigillaig (i-Don,^ le TDaca 
hUa Raigillais"). — "Cue 
bpiam maiTDm mop ap 
^hallait) ifin blmxiain fi. 



^ Cathal. — Given at greater 
length in the A. L. 0. (ad art.). 

' Ua Conallan. — According to a 
royal mandate (about Feb. 6, 
1257 : D. /., III. 569) regulating 
the issues and rents of the See 
during his detention in Rome, 



O'Conallan had been arch-pres- 
bjter of Armagh. 

On Dec. 21, 1258, he obtained 
permission from Alexander IV. to 
borrow 500 marks sterling for the 
useofhis diocese (Theiner,p. 30-1). 

* Macrohius. — Made into Mac 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



323 



inflicted defeat upon them 
at Credran-cille, in E. o s- 
cheidi, in tlie country of 
Cairpre. And O'Domnaill 
was wounded there and had 
his wounds not taken hold 
of Mm., there would have 
been defeat [inflicted] upon 
them to the [river] Muaidh. 
And Sligech was burned by 
them and pillaged. (And 
Mac Grrifin, namely, a good 
knight, was taken prisoner 
there.) — Conchobur, son of 
Tigernan (Ua Ruairc), was 
killed by the Muinnter- 
Raigbillaigh (namely, by 
Matthew Ua Raighillaigh). 
— O'Briain gave a great 
defeat to the Foreigners in 
this year. 



GreofErey Ua Domnaill, king 
of Tir-Conaill and the Fo- 
reigners of Connacht 
(namely, in Credran-cilli, in 
Ros-cheidi, in the territory 
of Cairpre) . And defeat was 
inflictedupon the Foreigners 
and three score, or something 
more, were killed of the 
Foreigners. And O'Dom- 
naiU was wounded there and 
Donnchadh, son of Cormac 
Ua Domnaill, tower of hos- 
pitality and valour of Tir- 
Conaill, was wounded there 
and he died thereof. — The 
castle of Narrow- Water was 
levelled by Geoffrey Ua 
Domnaill. — Conchobar, son 
of Tigernan, was killed by 
the Muinnter-Raghallaigh. 
— Ua Briain gave a great 
defeat to the Foreigners in 
this year. 
(Cathal,^ son of Aedh, son of Cathal Red-hand, was 
blinded by Aedh O'Conchubair and Cathal O'Concubair 
the Long-haired, was blinded along with him. — Abraham 
Ua Conallan* went to Rome after his election to the 
archbishopric of Ard-Maeba. — Macrobius,* abbot of 
Oluain-Eois, died.— Mael-Muire Mac Murchaidh, chief of 
Muinnter-Birn, was killed, namely, by his own kinsman, 
at Cell-issel.) 



[1257] 



Robias by the four Masters (ad an.). 
But such a native name does not 
exist. The abbot's designation in 
was religion Macrobius, perhaps 



the martyr of Nioomedia, who is 
commemorated in the Martyrology 
of Tallaght at May 7 (L.L., p. 
360b). 



324 



aNMaLcc ula"oti. 



A Gib Icat Ian. ():.» 3, I. 23») CCntio T)oi-niiii m." cc.° 1-° tim-" 
^opppaig hUa T)omnaill, |ii t:hiiT.e-ConaiU, quieuii; in 
[Chfiifco]. — Siuyican ^aileang -do niaiaba'D la TTlac 
Sortiatfili'D ap, oilen mayia i n-layicayi Connacc 7 "oame 
maici im-oa eile ajiaen'' fiif. — Sluctg^ moia la hCCex), mac 
Peix)limce 7 la 'Caxis hlla^ m-bpiain 1 coinne Opiam hUi 
Weill CO Cael-uifce (i-oon,* 05 Leicc hUi maeil'Doriais''). 
Ocuf cuca-Duyi namaici fin uile ajfiTJcenntifDO Ol^1an hlla^ 

B63a Weill: iTDon, byiaigt)! mic ■piieixilim^e'DOfon 7 bpaig-oi ] 
mhuinncerii-RaisiUais ■o'CCex) hlla Concobuiri 7 bjiai^Di" 
1il1a-m-biaiuin inle Chenannuf* co "Dpuim-clialj. — 
"Oomnall hlla T)oninaill do ingax) an uan fin 7 uucfac 
Cenel-Conaill uile bpaigxii 7 cigeiwuf ■do. — TTlac Cpaic'^ 
mds 'Chisepnain, caifec •Cbellai5-"0uncax>a,'D0 mafibax) 
laT)omnall TYlac 'Cisep.nain.'' — CCmlaim, mac CCijic, pi 
biieipne, quieuit; in [Chi-iifco]. — In manac hlla^ Cuitinin 
qmeuii; in Chfiifuo. 

A.D. 1258. ^pariaen, B. 2 siuosa-o, B. sq, A. * Cheanatincuy- ! 
B. »i>itl., n. t. h., A; om., B, 0, D. » om., B. a-dom., D. 



1258. ' Ua Domnaiii. — Thus in 
D : O'Donnill Goffredus[-o] sub 
curamedicorum toto anno existente 
in Insula Lochbeatha post bellum 
Credrayn, Brieu O'Neill, collecto 
magno exereitu ad invadendum 
Connalliam, missis nunciis ad 
O'DoniU petiit ab eo submissionem 
et obedientiam, una cum obsidibus 
ab inhabitantibus Tire Connill pro 
continuanda obedientia, ipsis tune 
non habentibus competentem do" 
minum ex ilia generatione post 
Goffredum. Et aliquali responso 
date nunoiie, ipse Goffredua in 
articulo mortis existens iuaait 
tot quot Tixerunt in Connallia viros 
habiles ad arma gerenda ad eum 
venire. Quibus ita colleotia, ipse 
Goffiredus, cum aliter eos precedere 



non posset, iussit corpus suum in 
feretro cum quo ad sepulturam 
mortuos ferre solent, poni et sic 
asportari ad resislendum Brien 
O'NeiU. 

Quo facto, exhortavit suoa 
viriliter resistere eorum inimicis 
quamdiu spiritus in eius oorpore 
remaneret. Et sic in magna 
iiducia per gentes obviam dederunt 
inimicis apud flumen Soilli 
[Swilly]. Et fortiter hiuo inde 
deoertantibus, tandem O'Neil- 
liu9 coactus [est] redire, relictis 
moltis ocoisis cum ingenti numero 
equorum. Et redeuntibus O'DoniU 
cum suis, adepta ill^ fortunata 
viotoriJ, prostrato feretro, in quo 
Goffredus ad tunc vivens existit, 
apud Congawill [Conghbhail ; Con- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



325 



Kalends of Jan. (on 3rd feria, 23rd of the mooa), a.d. 
J 258. Geoffrey Ua Domnaill,i king of Tir-Conaill, rested 
in Christ. — Jordan Gaileang [de Exeter] was killed by Mac 
Somhairlidh on an island of the sea in theWest of Connacht 
and many other good people [were killed] along with him .— 
A great host [was led] by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua 
Conchobhair] and by Tadhg Fa Briain, to meet Brian Ua 
ISTeill, to Narrow-Water (namely, at the Flagstone of Ua 
Maeldoraigh). And all those nobles gave the arch-headship 
to Brian Ua KeHl : that is, the hostages of the son of 
Feidhlimidh [were given] to him [Brian] and the hostages 
of Muinnter-Raighillaigh [were given] to Aedh Ua Con- 
chobuir and the hostages of all Ui-Briuin from Cenaunus 
to Druim-cliabh.2 — Domnall Ua Domnaill was made king 
that time and all Cenel-Conaill gave pledges and lordship 
to him. — Mac Craith M.ag Tigernain, chief of Tellach- 
DuTichadha, was killed by Domnall Mac Tigernain. — 
Amlaim, son of Art, king of Breifni, rested in Christ. — 
The monk, Ua Cuirnin, rested in Christ. 



[1258] 



wal,' near Letterkenny], in ipso 
instanti ex convulsione Tulneris 
recepti ia bello Credrayn emisit 
spiritum. Qui in morte, sioutl in 
vita, fortem et strenuum se mundo 
ostendit, habita victoria contra 
suos aduersarios cunctos usque ad 
horam illam et in Ipsa hora. 

The original, wMch ia somewliat 
more diffuse, is given by the Four 
Masters at this year. 

' Drum-cliabh. — ■ D goes on, 
omitting the next entry • Tandem 
O'Neillius petiit subieotionem et 
obsides ab iuhabitantibus Connal- 
liae, qui, obtento certo tempore, 
consultantes[-tabant] quem elige- 
rent in gubernatorem, quia nullum 
habuerunt ante dominum a morte 



G-oflfredi. Interim Donaldus 
luuenis O'Donill venit ex Scotia 
anno aetatis decimo octavo. Cui 
statim omnes Connalliae inhabi- 
tantes voluntariam et promptam 
supremitatem et obedientiam pre- 
starunt, nemini id admirante, cum 
ipse Donaldus heres legittimus 
illius patrie existeret. Et ad inde 
nullos obsides dederunt O'Nellio, 
aut alicui, Donaldo veniente. 
Cuius adventus ita opportunus et 
necessarius pro tunc assimulatura 
fuit aduentui Twowaill Teachtmair 
ex transmarinis regionibus post 
dispersionem et anihillationem eius 
[Tuathalii] gentia. Qui statim 
aecepit totius regni supremam re- 
galitatem ; deinceps uniendo et 



326 



ttMNCcla uLcc"oTi. 



(Zomalzac' htla ConcuBaiyi -do coga cum aifiTiepfco- 
poi-oe "Ciiama. — CCbiaahani, aiix-oepycop CCpT)-inaca, 
pallium impet;paT:uia a Cuyiia Roman a ec Tniffam com 
60 celebi^auic, quapro Monaip lunii, apu-o CCia'omacham.'') 

ICal. Ian. (p=' 4, I. 4,") CCnno "Domini m.° cc." ix.° 
Caual TTlac Con[-8h]nama -oo -Dana's.— ITlili'5 TTlac 
5oift;e[i]lt5^ quieuic in [Chjiifco]. — Sigi^aiTi baigill xio 
mai"iba-D T)'a bfiaicfii^ pem. — bp.ai5T)i hUa^-m-Opiuin "do 
"DallaTi la hOCe'D,mac peixilimi'S.^ — Cofimac hlla Luimluin 
eppuc Cluana-pepca, qmeuicin [Chp,ifco] (1* n-a peanoiyi 
naeimeagnais"). 

(■Comaluac," mac Coii^iiTiealbaig, mic TTlhailtJfeac- 
lainn hlli Choncubaip,,T)0^abail aiyi'Depfcopoi'De'Cuama. 
— 'Cax>5 bpiain, a-obuifi p-i inhuman, -oh'ec"). 

A.D. 1258. «-«n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1259. i^oipcealb, B. ^ 0, A. ^'pemhm, A. ^-bn. t. h., A ; 
om., B, C, D. 



defendendo suam patriam contra 
exteroa usque ad finem su^e Titae- 

The original, which is more pro- 
lix, forms in the JFour Masters a 
continuation of the account given 
in the preceding Note. Donal, 
according to Charles 0' Conor, was 
son of Donal Mor by a daughter 
of Cathal Eed-hand, king of Con- 
nacht. 

In the second century, the Atta- 
cots cut off the Milesian nohihty, 
with the exception of the queen, 
who was pregnant. She escaped 
to Scotland, where she gave birth 
to a son, Tuathal TecJitmar, 
{wealthy). In time he returned; 
was received favourably and re- 
established the Milesian dynasty. 

3 Ua ConcJmbhair.— On May 29, 



1257, Alexander IV. set aside the 
election of James TIa Lachfcnain 
(1156, note 1, supra) and appointed 
Walter, Dean of St. Paul's, London 
and Papal Chaplain, to the arch- 
bishopric of Tuam. Walter was 
consecrated by the Pope, most pro- 
bably in Viterbo, where the Bull is 
dated. He died at latest early in 
the following year. On April 22, 
1 238, thearchbishop being deceased, 
a royal mandate was issued to the 
escheator of Ireland to take the 
lands and tenements of the See 
into possession. {D. I., III. 576.) 
O'Conor had been bishop of Elphin 
{ib. 621-2-4). He is called Thomas 
(the Latin name which most re- 
sembled Tomaltach) in the royal 
documents just referred to, and in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



327 



(Tomaltacli TJa Concliubhair^ was elected to the arch- 
bistopric of Tuaira. — Abraham, arcbbiebop of Ard-Macha, 
obtains tbe Pallium from tbe Roman Curia and celebrated 
Mass therewitb on the 4th of the Nones [2nd] of June,* 
at Ard-Macha.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 4th feria, 4th of the moon,) a.d. 
125?. Cathal Mac Con[-Sh]nama was blinded.— Milidh 
Mac Goisdeilbh rested in Christ. — Sigraidy O'Baighill 
was killed by his own kinsmen. — The hostages of the Ui- 
Briuin were blinded by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh^ [TJa Con. 
chobair]. — Cormac^ Ua Luimluin, bishop of Cluaia-ferta, 
rested in Christ (a holy-minded spiritual director). 

(Tomaltach,* son of Toirrdhealbach, son of Mael-Seach- 
lainn Ua Conchubhair, assumed the archbishopric of 
Tuaim. — Tadhg O'Briain, future king of Munster, died.) 



[1258] 



L1259] 



a Brief of Alexander IV. (April 29, 
1259), empowering him to contract 
a loan of 2,400 marks for diocesan 
purposes (Theiner, p. 81). Him- 
self and two of the canons of 
Elphin were in the Curia at the 
time. They attended perhaps to 
procure confirmation of his election 
to Tuam. 

* 2nd of June. — It fell on Sunday 
in this year. 

1259. 1 Sigraidh.—Thns in D : 
Sygray O'Broyohill, subregnlus 
trium Tuoha [of the three Territo- 
ries], qui fuit vir bone fame et 
liberalitatis et eumme estimationis 
in re militari, occisus fuit a pro- 
priis germanis fraudelenter. 

A similar entry is given in the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

^FeidhlimidJi.—Da.iiB: O'Donill, 
Donaldus luuenis, ooUecto magno 
exercitu, hostiliter invasit Tironiam 



et ex altera parte Hugo Flavus 
O'Neill venit in eius oecursum cum 
oonsimili exercitu. Et iusimuh 
devastata imdique patrii illS, pro- 
gress! [sunt] ulterius devastando 
usque ad orientales limites TJltonie, 
hahita undique victoria et obe- 
dentia, nemo [nemine] eis obsis- 
tente, usque dum redierunt. 

The original is probably an entry 
in the Four Masters at this year. 

' Cormac. — He died before July 
20 of this year. On tli-t day, royal 
licence was given to th Dean and 
Chapter to elect in place of Charles, 
late bishop of Clonfert (D. J., III. 
620). 

^ Tomaltach. — This (in greater 
detail) and the following item are 
in the A. L. C. (ad an.). Assumed 
means entered into possession of 
the See. 



328 



ccNwalcc uLcrDti. 



[t)ir.] jCaL Ian. (p." 5, I. IS,'') CCnno T)omini TTI." cc" be." 
Cac 'Opoma-tie[i]ia5 (in" loco qui T)^c^zu^'X)^omma-Tle]^■s^), 
ag T)un-T)a-leac5laip cuc^ bftmn liUa Weill 7 CCexi, mac 
■pei-DlimiTi, -DoghallaiB 'Cuaifce[i]pc G-penn, aiu 1 n-ap'- 
mapba'D mopan -do maiciB 5aiX)eal, TOon, bpian hUa^ 
Ueill 7 T)omnall hUa^ Caiyipe 7 "Oiap-mait; mag Lac- 
latnn 7 magnur hlla^ Caca[i]n 7 Cian liUa^ hlnneipgi 
7 'DonnfleiBe TTIdj Cana 7 Concobuyi T)uib'Di|inaa 7 
CCex>, a mac 7 CCiiilaim hUa^ ^aipmleagai'D 7 Cu-tlla'D 
htla^ hCCnluain. dec aen ni, pomapbaxi coic^piyi -oeg -do 
maici15 Clonine-Cacain a\i an* lacaip T'^- Tlomaiabati 
T)o Connaccait5 ann° : ^i^l-cc Ciaipc, mac Concobaip, mic 
Cpiamaic htli TTlailiiuanai^,'^ yii muigi-Ltiiris 7 Cacal, 
mac "Cileianain hUi Concobaip 7 tTlaelpuanai'D, mac 
'T)onnca'Da 7 Cacal, mac "Donncafia, mic TUtiiiiceiicaig 7 

A 6I0 CCe-D, mac | Tnuiyicepcaig -pint) 7 "Ca-Dg, mac Carail, mic 
bpiain htli TnailiauanaiTi 7 "Diajamait;, mac 'Cai-og, mic 
TTltiiyiexiais, mic "Comalcaig hUi TTlailyitianais 7 Conco- 
bup mac Sille-CCp-pai-c 7 Zav-^, mac Cei'n hUi gatipa 7 
gilla-beiaaig htia Cuinx) 7 •oaine im/oa aili.^ — T)omnall, 

B 63b mac Concobuip, | mic ^igeiinain, vo maipba-o la 'Ceallac- 
n-T)unca'ba. — CCbiactcam hUa^ Conalla[iJn, comapba 
Pacpais/ in Chpifco qmeuic 

(CCoTi'' buiTie htia tleill tiu pigaxipoia'Chiia-n-eusuin.'') 

jCal. Ian. (p." 7, 1. 26'), CCnno t)omini m." cc" Ix." 1.° 

ITlaici cleipec Cene[oi]l-Conaill tdo mapBa'D la Conco- 

A.D. 1260. 'cug, B. =0, A. 3.1]. (the Latin equivalent), A, B. 
* in, A. ^rriaeii,— , B. « eile, A. '^ pa-o— , A.— "'•itl., u. t. h., A ; om., 
B , C, D. " TOon— namely — added, B. ^-^ n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 



1260. ^Nobles. — "16 of the 
best," C ; quindeoim seleoti viri, D. 

^Rested in Christ. — Apparently 
towards the close of the year. On 
Feb. 27, 1261, royal licence Tras 
given to elect his successor {D. I., 
III. 702). 



D adds : Eodem anno, post 
Dunense bellum O'Donill cum suo 
exercitu invasit Eoganenses eosque 
cum igne et gladio devastauit et 
per continuas incursiones ferme 
depopulauit. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 329 

Kalends of Jan. (on 5th feria, 15th of the moon), a.v. [1260] 
1260. The hattle of Druim-derg [was fought] (in a place 
which is called Dromma-derg) at Dun-da-leathglas by 
Brian Ua Neill and Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua Con- 
chobair], against the Foreigners of the North of Ireland, 
wherein were killed many of the nobles^ of the Gaidhil, 
namely, Brian TJa Neill and Domnall Ua .C.airre and 
Diarmait Mag Lachlainn and Maghnus Ua Catha[i]n and 
Cian Ua Inneirghi and Donnsleibhe Mag Oana and Con- 
cobur O'Duibhdirma and Aedh, his son, and Amlaina Ua 
Gairmleaghaidh and Cu-Uladh Ua hAnluain. But one 
[notable] thing [happened] : fifteen men of the nobles of 
Clann-Cathain were killed on that spot. There were 
killed of the Connachtmen there : Gilla-Crist, son of Con- 
chobar, son of Cormac Ua Mailruanaigh and king of Magh- 
Luirg and Cathal, son of Tighernan Ua Conchobair and 
Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchadh [Ua Mailruanaigh] and 
Cathal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muircertach and Aedh, 
son of Muircertach the Fair and Tadhg, son of Cathal, son 
of Brian Ua Mailruanaigh and Diarmait, son of Tadhg, 
son of Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach Ua Mailruanaigh 
and Conchobur Mac Gille-Arraigh and Tadhg, son of Cian 
Ua Gadhra and Gilla-Beraigh Ua Cuinn and many other 
persons. — Domnall, son of Concobur, son of Tigernan [Ua 
Conchobair], was killed by the Tellach-Dunchadha. — 
Abraham Ua Conalla[i]n, successor of Patrick, rested in 
Christ.^ 

(Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny was made king over Tir- 
Eoghain.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 7th feria, 26th of the moon), a.d. 1261. pgoi] 
The [most] worthy^ of the clergy of Cenel-Conaill were 



1261. ^The[.most']ivorthy.—'LiteT- I They had probably aggembled for 
al\y, the good (clergp), tear' 'tJoxV- I some ecclesiastical function. 

Y 



330 



aNNala tila"Dli. 



V)U|i hUa Weill 7 p.e Cenel-Gogain i n-Ttoipe Coluim- 
cille, 1171 Choncobuia TiUa pit^Sil- ConcobuiT. hUa Neill 
"DO mafibax) TDono" a cecoiifi cpe Tni^ibuil Colmm-cille la 
"Donn hUai m-bifieiflen, i;aiipec ■pdna[i]T:. — Cacal hUa 
hG^pa -DO Tnapbaxi -do ^hallaiB. — Sluaj" la hCCex), mac 
■pei'Dlim^e, 'fii^ m-bifieipne, ^up-'loifc baili;! imxia 7 
apbanna.. Coi^cuf TnaxiTna -do cabaific a\i TiiaeiTn v'a 
■p-ucaiB, juifi'maixbaxi mopan t)iB°. — Seon Pi[cz] "Comaf'^ 7 
in bayiyiac m6]\ 7)0 mnaiabaTi la pingin TYlag Capiauaig 7 
la "DeafmuimnecailS' ajicena 7 mopan "do ^^allaiB 
ailiB.^— pin5iT»,ma[c]* Caiaiacai§^T)0 mayibax* la^allaiB. 
— CCe'D bui'Se hUa^ 'Kleill expulfUf'efc* 7 Miall Culanac 
Neill (-pporeyi^ O-ooniif^) ■do yiisa-D- — Miall htla^ 
^aiivmlegai'D, T:ai|^ec Ceniuil-TYloain, mopT:uuf efc — 
pilib TTlac Cinaera,* caifec an upica-ceu, occifUf efc 
peyi 5illa-mu|ia hUa^ Caifiiae. 

(PaciT.iciuf'' (iTK)n/ TYlael-pa-Dfiais') blla Sganuil, 
epifcopuf ■Rachpocenipif, eleccup efu concop-Diiieia in 
ajichiepiipcopum CCp.'Dniachantim ec pyiorequucop puic 
elecnonem Tie pe paccam a-o Se'oeni CCpop7X)licam. — 
CCfnalsai-D hUa nua-oajan, pi^ hO-Beacac, tdo ifiapba-o 
pep T)oiiacuni btia Caippe bv "Oonacup hUa Caippe -do 
TTiapba'D ap in lacaip c€t)na^) 

A.D. 1261. 10, A. Ml., B;eae, A. '-=masC— B. ^dnaec, A. 
='» n. t. h. on blank space (for 26 the MS. has 23, the scribe having mis- 
read the xxid. of his text as xxiii.), A ; blank in B. In B, C, D, the 
CCex) buTOe and NialL entries are placed after the TTIarci item. " om., A. 
■=■= cm., B, C, D. '' In A a blank=two letters is left between pn and 'Comap. 
Seoti Pi ocup "Comap — John Ft and Thomas (Fi) I B. » "Dep-Tntitimain — 
Desmond, B. " n. t. h. on blank left by t. h., A. e-sitl., n. t. h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. "-h n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. '■ itL by the hand that wrote the 
additional entry. 



" Donn. — Called Damnall by mis- 
take in the A. Z. C. {ad an.). 

^ John Fitz- Thomas. — 0, follow- 
ing B, has ; " John Fy and 



Thomas!" D, however, is far 
worse : Carolus O'Gara occisus fuit 
per Soen Fith Seon et Thomam 
Fith Thomas ; in quo anno Bar- 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



331 



killed by Conchobur Ua Neill and by the Cenel-Eogain in 
Doire of [St.] Colum-cille, around Concbobur TJa Firgbil. 
Concbobur Fa Neill was, however, killed immediately, 
through miracle of Colum-cille by Donn^ TJa Breslen, chief 
of Fanat. — Cathal Ua Eghra was killed by Foreigners. — 
A hosting [was made] by Aedb, son of Feidlimidh [TJa 
Conchobbair], into Breifni, so that he burned many towns 
and the crops. Complete defeat was given to a force of 
his routs, so that a great number of them were killed. — 
John Fitz Thomas* and the Barrymore were killed by 
Finghin Mag Carrthaigh and by the Desraonians likewise 
and a large number of other Foreigners [were killed]. — 
Finghin Mac Carrthaigh was killed by the Foreigners. — 
Aed TJa Neill the Tawny was expelled and Niall Culanacb 
O'l^eill (brother of Aedh) made king. — Niall TJa Gairm- 
legaidh, chief of Cenel-Moain, died. — ^Philip Mac Cinaetha, 
chief of the Cantred, was slain by Gilla-Muire TJa Oairre.* 
(Patrick (that is, Mael-Padraig) TJa Sganuil, bishop of 
Rath-both, was elected unanimously as archbishop of Ard- 
Macha and he defended^ at the Apostolic See the election 
made of himself. — Amalgaidh TJa Ruadhagan, king of 
Ui-bhEathach, was killed by Donatus TJa Cairre and 
Donatus Ua Cairre was killed on the same spot.) 



[1261] 



ragh more occisus fuit perFyninutn 
Makartii et Desmonienses et alios 
Anglicanos. 

The A-text shows that O'Hara 
(Ua Eaghra) was not killed by- 
John or Thomas ; that the slayers 
in D had no existeace ; that John 
Fitz Thomas, as well as Barrymore, 
was slain by Mac Caithy ; finally, 
that "the other English," instead 
of assisting to kiU Barrymore, were 
killed themselves. 

* Ua Cairre.— D adds : Eodem 
anno, O'Donill, videlicet Donaldus 
Oge, obtinuit magnam victoriara 



adversus Niellanum Culanagh 
O'Neill, in qua nou solum multi 
erant oooisi, verum etiam magnus 
erat numerus captivorum Eogan- 
ensium quos O'Donill secum ad- 
duxit ex ilia victoria, una cum 
Makawal [Mac Cathmhail], subre- 
gulo Grenerationis Fearaii [Cenel- 
Feradhaigh]. 

The original is the iinal entry of 
this year in the Four Masters. 

^ Defended. — That is, attended at 
the Curia to secure confirmation of 
his election. He was at the Papal 
Court at the time. 

y2 



332 



aw Mala uLccDti. 



]Cal. Ian. (p'' 1, 1; 7, aliaf 4") CCnno TDomini m." cc." Ix." 
11.° Sluog" mop. le TTlac UiLliam i ConnaccaiB, gup'- 
tniUe-o tnopan leif. peitiliiTiixi hlla Concobuip, 7 CCex», 
a mac 7 maiui Sil-Tnuii-ie-Dais -do -out co hef-iauaTO 
^lompo CO hupmoii bo Connacc leo ajfi a caga'D, co n- 
■Definfai; f1■&^ — Cpeac mop. "do -oentim la hCCexi, mac 
peix)Lim£e,i ap. ^allailS SleiBe-luga 7 a Ciapai'Se, co 
T^ucpor buap imT)a leo 7 fio map-bpan 5°!^^ imxia. — 
Aeia mael-Seaclainii,mac'CaiX)5hUi Concobaip, ] eppticOil- 
piriT), in Chpipi;o quieuic. — Copmac, mac "Oomriaill 
5UIT) TTles Cappcaij, "do mapbu'o le g^'I'^wi^- 

[CC.T).1Tl.°cc.°lx.°iii. ] T)omnallhtIa^T)omiiaillT)omap- 
ba-D (T)ht]inn°) 0° [Hi] ^l^eiplen i^cuipuin eppuicipTlaic- 
bo^. — T)a6rc hUa piiro, ab na buille, in Chpipi;© quieuii;. 
— X)iapmaiT;, mac Copmaic, quieuic in [Cbpiipco]. — 
CCengup hUa^ Clumain, eppuc Luigne, quieuit; in 
[Chpipuo]. — 'Comap bUa^ Ceallaig, eppuc Cluana-pepT;(T- 
quieuiT^in [ChpiproJ. — ebT)onn, pi Loclann, vo 65 1 n- 
innpib Op.c ic* cect: a n-Bpinn. — Saifipax) ve ipin blia-oain 
•pi. — "Oonnpleibe TTlac Cacitiail, caipec Cemuil- 

A.D. 1262. 1— UrniT), B. -0, A. » a, B. 'i&A. ""n. t. h. on blank 
space (Tlie alternative reading refers to the epact 23[+ll — 30=4], erro- 
neously given as that of the preceding year.), A ; blank space left in B. 
I'-t'om., B, C, D (in which the "Donnpleibe and CCet) buTOe follow the Cyieac 
item). In A, the original reading was ■do map.ba'o ■do "Donn Ofieirten 



1262. ^ Mael-Sechlainn. — Before 
this entry another hand placed {qr 
[aere] 1263) on the marg^in of C ; 
meaning that the remaining items 
belonged perhaps to that year. 

[1263] '^Domnall — 'R.ete the 
A. L. C. begin 1263 with the 
annual luni-solar criteria. The 
re-adjustment of the chronology, 
chiefly in accordance with the 
A. L. C, is given within square 



brackets. Confirmatory data are 
set forth under the several years. 
The textual arrangement has thus 
been preserved intact. The origi- 
nal dates (placed within round 
brackets on the margin) are, as a 
rule, correct in reference to the 
later itemi^ . The additions, namely, 
were made under the respective 
years to which they were considered 
to belong. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEK. 



333 



Kalends of Jan. (on 1st feria ; 7th, otherwise 4th, of the [1262] 
moon), A.D. 1262. A great host [was led] by Mac William 
[de Burgh] into Connacht, so that much was destroyed by 
him. Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir and Aedh, his son and 
the nobles of Connacht went to Es-ruadh before them 
with very great part of the cows of Connacht with them 
for the war, so that they made peace. — A great foray was 
made by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh, on the Foreigners of 
Sliabh-Lugha and into Ciaraidhe, so that they took many 
cows away with them and killed many Foreigners. — Mael- 
8echlainn,^ son of Tadhg TJa Conchobair, bishop of Oil- 
finn, rested in Christ. — Cormac, son of Domnall Mag 
Carrthaigh the Stammerer, was killed by Foreigners. 

[A.D. 1263] DomnaU^ XJa Domnaill killed Bonn [I263j 
O'Breislen in the court of the bishop in Eath-both. — 
David TJa Finn, abbot of the Buill, rested in Christ. — 
Diarmait, son of Cormac [Mac Diarmataj, rested in Christ. 
— Aengus Ua Clumain, bishop of Luighni [Achonry], 
rested in Christ. — Thomas Ua Ceallaigh, bishop of Cluain- 
ferta, rested in Christ.^ — Ebdoim,* king of Lochlann, died 
in the Isles of Ore in coming to Ireland. — A hot Summer 
in this year.* — Donnsleibe Mac Cathmail, chief of Cenel- 



C and D represent O'Donnell as 
.slain by O'Breslen. This error has 
been dealtwitb in the textua 1 note c-c. 

^Rested in Christ.— The Dean 
and Chapter of Clonfert wrote for 
royal licence to elect, Thomas, the 
bishop, having died on the Epi- 
phany [Jan. 6], 1263 (X>. /., III. 
742). This goes to prove that the 
Loch Ce chronology is correct at 
this year. 

^Ebdonn. — "According to the -Saga 
Hakonar Hakonarsonar, the Irish 
had sent ambassadors to king 
Hakon, offering to submit them- 



selves to him, if he would come 
and expel the English. See Saya 
Hakonar Hakonarsonar, u. 322 
(Fornmanna Sogur. Kaupmanu- 
ahofn, 1835, vol. 10, p. 131) and 
Munch's Norske Folks Sistorie, 
Christiania, 1858, vol. i., part iv., 
p. 407. The Chron. Mannie at 
1263 says : Venit Haoo, rex Nor- 
wegiae, ad partes Scotiae (i.e. 
Hiberniae ?) et nihil expediens 
reversus est ad Orcades et ibidem 
apud KirkwaU mortuus.'' Note by 
Editor of A. L. C. [in loco). 

* This year. — D adds : In quo 



334 ccMMalcc ulcroTi. 

■pepaxiais, occiipuf efr peja OCeT. hmve. — CCe'o buixie 
icefium -00 ^igax) 7 Niall Culanac x>o innayibaTi. 

(pacrnciuf," TOon, mael-paDiiaiH, hUa Sgannuil, 
ap-chiepircopur CCti-oLaj-maca, a\i paxia CCippriinn cum 
pallio,in ciaafcino1ohanniirbapi;ift;[a]e 1 n-CCfi-D-maca. 
— CCp mop ap -DainiTS an bLiaxtam pi ■do plmg 7 -do 
5opr;a''.) 

B 63c jcal. Ian. (t:/2,1. 18;) CCnno T)omini m.°cc.°lx.°iii."^ 
[-u.°]. pei'olim[iT>] hUa Choncobuip, aip-opi CoTniacc, in^ 
c-aen ^aixiel pob' pepp^ maiu[i]up -Dobi" 1^ n-epinn 1 n-a 
peimep pein, mopruup epz;. — Cacal, mac "CaTOS bUi 
Concobaip, -do mapbax) le hCCe'S hUa Concobaip. — 
"Comapbtla^TTIaicin, eppucluilne, quieuit^in'CChpipuo]. 
— "Comdp, mac phepgail TTlic "Diapmaua, eppuc Oil- 
pint), quieuit; in" [Chpipco].— Caiplen Sligi^ •do leaga^ 
la hCCet), mac 'Pei'Dlim^e^ 7 le "Oomnall hUa n-T)om- 
naill. — TTluipe'Dac htia* Cepbaill, raipec Calpaigi® ; 
Cacal Tllag Tlagnaill, caipec 1TluinnT;epi-heolaip, 
quieuepunc in [Chpipco]- — ^illa-na-Naem hUa* Cumn, 
T;aipec muinni;epi-5ill5a[i]n, mopT:uup epu. — Pparep 

— Domnall was killed (lit. to be killed) by Dorm G'Breislen. "Do was marked 
underneath by tl e text hand, to shew that it was to be omitted (the meaning 
thus being thatDonn was killed by Domnall). But the scribe forgot to 
change "Oonn into the genitive, "Otiinti Ui. Thenthe later hand under- 
marked "Oonti and placed "OhuitiTi 1itli leip overhead, making the sense : 
(.Domnall Ua Domnaill [nom. abs.], the hilling of Donn Ua BreisUn [was 
done] by him. In B (followed by C, D) 'oo 'Donn hUa byieiplen — by Donn 
Ua Breislen — is given. But the slayer, aa appears from an entry under 
the next year, was O'DonneU. ''■''n. t. h., A; om., B, 0, D. 

A.D. 1263. 'an, A. ^^peariTi. A- ^a,A.. ■'0, A. sperolim, B. ''-roe, B. 
»" n. t. h., on blank space, A ; blank in B. '' Above the date a modern 
hand placed 1263, B. In C, another hand added (rectius 1265). The 
"Comap {bis), 'gillcc-na-naetti and CcnSat TTlas Tlagnaill entries are 
omitted in D. " om., B. 

O'Donill, collecto magno exeroitu, j I Roirk et Asperam Tertiam 
invasit Fearmanagh [et] Breniffiam | [Garb-Trian] Connacie usque ad 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



335 



Feradhaigh, was slain by Aedh [Ua Neill] the Tawny. — 
Aedh the Tawny again became king and Niall Culanach 
was expelled. 

(Patrick, that is, Mael-Padraig, Ua Sganuil, archbishop 
of Ard-Macha, said Mass with the Pallium on the morrow 
[of the feast] of John the Baptist^ [Sunday, June 25] in 
Ard-Macha. — -Great destruction [was inflicted] on people 
this year by plague and by famine.) 

[The original entries under 1263 belong to 1265.] 

Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 18th of the moon), a.d. 
1263^[-5]. Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir, arch-king of 
Connacht, the Gaidhel of most goodness that was in Ire- 
land in his own period, died. — Cathal, son of Tadhg Ua 
Conchobuir was killed by Aedh Ua Conchobair. — Thomas 
Ua Maicin, bishop of Luighni [Achonry], rested in Christ.^ 
— Thomas, son of Ferghal Mac Diarmata, bishop of Oil- 
finn,* rested in Christ. — The castle of Sligech was levelled 
by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh and by Domnall Ua Dom 
naill. — Muiredhach Ua Cerbaill, chief of Calraighe , 
Cathal Mag Raghnaill, chief of Muinnter-Eolais, rested in 
Christ. — Gilla-na-naem Ua Ouirm, chief of Muinnter- 



Granardiam. Jit obtenta Ticfioria 
et obsidibus undique, rediit absque 
ulla resistentia. 

The original is given at 1262 in 
the Four Masters. 

(1232) ''■Morrow of John the 
Baptist —The Four Masters read in 
the Octave ; which is meaningless 
here. The Chronicler noted the 
day, which, being Sunday, was 
naturally selected for the first ap- 
pearance of the archbishop in the 

Pallium. 

[1265] '■1263— The entries of 
this (textual) year are dated 1265 



in the A. L. C. For the correct- 
ness thereof, see Notes 2, 3, 5, 
infra. 

^Rested in Clirist. — In a letter, 
given in the church of Achonry on 
the morrow of Triaity Sunday 
[Monday, June 1], 1265, the Dean 
and Chapter pray for roj'al licence 
to elect, by reason of the death of 
Bishop Thomas (D. I., II. 774). 

' Bishop of Oilfinn. — Towards the 
end of 1265, the Dean and Chapter 
of Elphin pray for royal Ucenoe to 
elect in place of Thomas, the late 
bishop (-D. I., II. 781). It was 



[1263] 



(1262) 



[1265] 



336 



ccNHttla ula'Dli. 



l^^T■'i 



PacjiiciUf Sgannail, ai^i'Defpuc CCfiTDa-fDaca, a]/ 
n-Denam" Caibi-oleac coiccinne a n-T)poice(TC-dca in 
bliaxiain fi (peiiia° fecuiToa, cejicia ec quapua pofc 
Tpefcutn Omnium Sanccopum'). 

(T)onT)' hUa Opeif ten do mapba'D la "Domnall hllu 
n-T)omnaill i Uaic-boc i cui|it; an eaypuig. — CCexi buTOe 
bUa 1^6111 -DO cabaiyir; injine TTlic ^oifDealbaig in 
uxojiem'.) 

ICal. Ian. [p." iii., I. xx.ix-"], CCnno "Domini m.° cc." lx.° 
1111.°" "Domnall hUa hegpa,^ pi iuigne, -do mapbax) tdo 
^hallaib. — mar^amain, mac Ceicepnaig hUi Cheipm, 
pi CiapaiTie, -do mapbax> "do ^hallaiB. — Cumuix)e hUa^ 
Ca^a[i]n, pi Cian[n]acu, capcup eyz pep ODonem" 
plauum." 



(A) 
CCipTDeppuc CCpDa-TTlaca, 
iDon, inaeL-pat;paic 
Sgannaib, do ■Senum "Dige 
T;imcell OCpxia - TTlaca 7 
tpai^pi niinupa do r:a- 
baipi; CO hCCpD-ITlaca lepin 
peap cecna ipm bliax)ain 
pi. 



(B) 
Opaicpi TYIinupa do m- 
baipc CO hCCpD-ITlaca 
leipin aipDeppcop, iDon, le 
TTIael-paDpaig hUa Sj^an- 
nail 7 an pep cecna, iDon, 
Tnael-paDpaij, do Denam 
Dige cimceall CCpDa-ITlaca 
in bliGDain pi. 

= itl.,ii. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. "n. 



AD. 1263. 'I-'Itio Tienarii, B. 
t. h., A ; om., B, 0, D. 

A.D. 1264. iTiOagria, B. = q, A. »» Blank space, A, B (with the 
eame meaning down to the textual year 1314, inclusive). '^ 1266 overhead, 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1266, C. "■"CCe'D buTOe (the Irish equivalent), B. 



granted through Maurice, their 
clerk {»&., 786-7). 

* This yea?: — D adds : In quo 
O'Donill cum magno exercitu ivit 
in occuraum Odonis I Conchuir ad 
Coresleave, exinde ad Cruaghan 
et ultra flumen Suka ad Clan- 



Ricard, usque ad montes Eaghtai. 
Et in reditu ad Galliviam et Odone 
O'Connor redeunte ad propria, 
O'DoniU cum suis pertransivit 
flumina Sruthair et Roha et nudl- 
que devastatione facta, in Tirta- 
waillii [Tir-Amhalghadha] rediit, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



337 



Gillga[i]n, died.^ — Friar Patrick O'Sgannail, archbishop of 
Ard-Macha, held a Greneral Chapter in Drochet-atha this 
year* (the 2nd,^ 3rd and 4th week-days after the Feast of 
All Saints). 

(Donn^ Ua Breslen was killed by Domnall Ua Domnaill 
in Rath-both in the court of the bishop. — Aedh Ua Neill 
the Tawny took the daughter of Mac Groisdealbaigh to 
wife.) 



[1265] 



(1263) 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 29th of the moon], a.d. [i264Bis.] 
1264.' Uomnall Ua Eghra, king of Luighni, was killed 
by the Foreigners. — 'Matbgamain, son of Ceithernach 
Ua Ceirin, king of Ciaraidhe, was killed by Foreigners. — 
Cumhuidhe Ua Catha[i]n, king of Ciannachta, was taken 
prisoner by Aedh the Tawnv. 

• (A) ' (B) 

The archbishop of Ard- F^iarsMinorwerebrought 
Macha, namely, Mael-Pat- to Ard-Macha by the arch- 
bishop, namely, by Mael- 
Padraig Ua Sgannail and 
the same person, that is, 
Mael-Padraig, made a ditch 
around Ard-Macha this 
year. 



raio O'Sgannail, made a 
ditch around Ard-Macha 
and Friars Minor were 
brought to Ard-Macha by 
the same person in this 
year. 



citra flumen Moye, cum multis 
armentis et obsidibus, habita vic- 
toria in toto suo progressu ilia 
vice. 

The original is given in the Four 
Masters at 12fi3. 

^ The 2,nd, etc. — The interlineation 
shows that the date was 1265. In 
that year AH Saints' Day (Nov. 1) 
fell on Sunday. In 12B3, it fell 
on Wednesday. 



(1263) ^Donn. — This agrees 
with the chronology of the Annals 
of Loch Ce, whii;h place the death 
of O'Breslen in 1263. See above, 
the first entry under [1263]. 

[1264] 'Of the entries under 
this year, the Ist, 3rd and 4th are 
given in the A. L. C. at 1264 ; the 
2ud is at 1266 ; the 1st is repeated 
at the latter year. 



338 



ccriMalcc uLcroli. 



(CCeT)'' burae hUa NeilL, pi "Chipe-heosain, tdo gaBail 
A 62a oigefin-oaif Oipsmll. — | benemccio p|iac|iif Cat;holici, 
piT.eceni;oiiif T)oinuf CCpofcolofium pecyii ev pauli -oe 
CCfi-omacha, av abbaciam T)omuf fanccae ITlafitae "oe 
Clocaja. — 'Pyiacep, Pacfiiciuf hUa TYltiyiea'Dais, abbap 
monafcepii CCpopcolop.iim pev^i^ eu pauLi, "oepoficuf 
epu ec fubfcicucup epc abbap -oe "Oaepi, -pcibcec, 
Cpifcmnuf mhajfarTiyiagan.'') 

ICal. 1an. [p.'' uii., Lii."], CCntio'Oomini m ." cc." Ix." .u "" 
[-uii.°]. Cagat) mop. ecep pi Saxan 7 Sinrmnn TTIupoiau 
— mupca'D TTIac SuiBne -do gabail la 'Domnall TDac 
TTlasnufa 7 a cinnlacu'D illaim in^ lapla 7 a % ipin^ 
ppipun. — pei'olimi'D'' hUa Concobaip,^ pi Connacc mop- 
cuup eye. 

(Ppacep* pacpiciup htla Tnuipea-Daig ap n-a jabail 
apip cum a ab-oaine pein. — Gee's buixie htla Neill 7 
Uacep a Oupc, it)oti, lapla Ula'D, "do x>ul a 'Cip-Conaill, 
pluaxi, 7 nip' gaBoDap ceann, na cpeipi.''^ 

[bip] IcaL 1an. [p/i., l. xiii.,"] CCnno "Oomini 171.° cc." lx.° 
i]i.°''[-uiii.°] Concobup hUa Opiain, pi 'Cua'o-TTluman, do 
mapba'D la T)iapmaiu, mac ITluipcepcaig hlli bpiain 7 

B63d |ii [a] mac, Seoinin 7 'oaine | im'Sa aili^ (7° Opian pua'o, 
a mac, "oo gabail a itiai'o"). — r/Oipp-oelbac, mac CCexia 

A.D. 1 264. 'i-'i n. t. h. , A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1265. 'an, A. ^i-pan, A. '— bui-p,, A. •> 1267, overhead, n. t. h., 
B ; alias 1267, C. " Opposite this word, 1. m., n. t. h., B, is : supra in initio 
paginae, referring to the top of the column, where the obit is also recorded, 
under 1263[-5]. This duplicate entry is given in A, B, C, D. a-dn. t. h., 
A; om.,B, C, D. 

A.D. 1266. 1 eite, A; ii., B. *> 1268, overhead, n. t. h., B ; rectius 
1268,0. ""r. m., t. h., B; om., A, C; given iu D. 



[1267] ■^ i26s- — Henceforward, 
to 1378 (=1373 of text), after which 
year the chronology is correct, 
in Text and Translation, the 



square - bracketted Ferial and 
Epaot correspond with the simi- 
larly placed A.D. 

All the items are given under 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



339 



(Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny, king of Tir-Eogain, took (12«) 
the lordship of Oirghialla. — Benediction of Friar Catho- 
licus, Precentor of the House of the Apostles Peter and 
Paul of Ard-Macha, to the abbacy of the House of St. 
Mary of Clochar. — Friar Patrick Ua Muireadhaigh, abbot 
of the Monastery of the Apostles Peter and Paul, was 
deposed and the abbot of Daire, namely, Christian Mag 
Shamhragan, was substituted.) 

[The entries of 1266 are omitted. ] 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 2nd of the moon], a.d. [1267] 
1265^[-7]. Great war^ between the king of the Saxons 
and Simon Montfort. — -Murchadh Mac Suibhne was taken 
prisoner by Domnall Mac Maghnusa and he was handed 
into the custody of the Earl [de Burgh] and he died in the 
prison. — Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobair, king of Connacht, 
died.* 

(Friar Patrick Ua Muiredhaigh was taken back to his (126.3) 
own abbacy. — Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny and Walter de 
Burgh, namely, Earl of Ulster, went into Tir-Conaill with 
a host and they gained neither hold nor sway.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 13th of the moon], a.d. [12C8] 
1266[-8]. Concobur^ Ua Briain, king of Thomond, was 
killed along with [his] son, Johnikin, by Diarmait, son of 
Muircertach Ua Briain. And many other persons [were 
slain with him]. (And Brian the Red, his son, took his 



1265 in the A. L. C. The two 
first are, howeyer, repeated at 
1267. The true year is determined 
if the opening entry refers to the 
battle of Evesham, which was 
fought Aug. 6, 1265. 

^ Great war. — Expanded thus in 
D : Maxima belli expeotatio ao 



violentarum guerrarum commo- 
tio. 

' Died. — Repetition of an obit at 
1265 (=l-'63 of uxt), supra. 

[1268] 1 Co«cAo6ur.— The four 
original items of the textual year, 
1266, are given under 1268 in the 

A. L. a 



340 



KM tJ alec UlCCTDll. 



hUt CoT^cobu1|^,•Dalca1^Ua^-r^b^^lU1n,qu1eulCln''[C]^|^1rTO]. 
— Concobu|i hUa Ceallaig qmewc in" [Chpifco]. — "Diap- 
maic hUa Opiain, in pep lefi'mapba'D Concobuia, "oo 
mafibax) in-o. 

(Gcclepa" maiofi fancT;i pacpicn in CC|iT)machenipe 
[ciuiT:a':e] inpfia muiaum incepca epc pep ttpchiepipco- 
pum CCpDmachanum, I'D epu, Tnael-paT)pai5 hUa 
SgannailL. — Laclainn THacana excpa popcam cupi[a]e 
"Domini CCpchiepipcopi in ulcionem TTIupcai'D hUi 
CCnluain pep eacmapcac hUa hCCnluam epi; occif pup. — 
CimiT;epium ppacpum TTlinopum •oe CCp'omacha conpe- 
cpacum epc pep eunT)em pacpicium, CCpchiepipcopum eu 
"Dominop Rapocenpem, 'Dunnopenpem ev Conxjepenpem- 
— Ppacep Capbpicup hUa Scuaba conpecpacup epc in 
Raporenpem [epipcopum"]. 

jCaL Ian. [p." in., I. ocxnn.,"] CCnno "Oomini TTl." cc.° lx.° 
uii.° "[-ix."] Caiplen Ropa-Comain t)0 xienarh la Roibepc 
"O'tlppopc, lupcip na hBpenn^ 7 le ^allaiB Gpenn pe 
pigi^ CCex)a, mic pei-olim^e htli° Concobuip" 7 CCe'D pein 1 
n-galup an can pin 7 pocpieca'D 7 pohaipge'D mopan vo 
ConnaccaiB cum in caiplein pin. — Caiplen 8I1515 "oo 
"oenum le TTlac TTIuipip. — Taxis,'' macNeillTTlic ITIuipe- 

A.D. 1266. ^0, A. dom., B. «-«n. t.h., A ; cm., B, C. The last 
item is given in D. 

A.D. 1267. i-itTD, B. 'rnje, B. •> 1269, overliead, n. t. h., B; alias 
1269, C. «-'=om.,B,C; given in D. 



^ Was hilled therefor. — D adds : 
in ecclesia magna Ardmaghnensi, 
de consensu et industria arohi- 
episcopi Patricii I Skanill. The 
translator apparently confounded 
this with the following (additional) 
entry. 

(1266) 1 CA«?-f7j.— Placed, no 



douht correctly, by the Four 
Masters under 1268. 

2 Ua Scuaba.—Tbe A. L. C. call 
him a Dominican, adding that he 
wasconsecratedin Armagh in 1266. 
On the translation of O'Sgannel to 
Armagh (1261, Sifpra), the minority 
of the Chapter elected the arch- 



AXNALS OF ULSTER. 



341 



place.) — Toirrdhelbacli, son of Aedh Ua Conchobuir the 
foster-son of the TJi-Briuin, rested ia Christ. — Conchobur 
Ua Ceallaigh, rested in Christ. — Diarmait Ua Briain, the 
person by whom was killed Conchobur, was killed there- 
for.^ 

(The larger church^ of St. Patrick in the city of Ard- 
Macha within the wall was commenced by the archbishop 

of Ard-Macha, namely, Mael-Padraig Ua Sgannail. 

Lachlainn Ma[c] Cana was slain outside the door of the 
court of the Lord Archbishop by Eachmarcach Ua Anluain, 

in revenge of [the slaying of] Murchadh Ua Anluain. 

The Cemetery of the Friars Minor of Ard-Macha was 
consecrated by the same Patrick, archbishop and the Lords 
[bishops] of E-ath-both, Dun and Conneri.— Friar Cairbre 
Ua Scuaba^ was consecrated bishop of Rath-both.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 24th of the moon], a.d. 
1267'[-9]. The castle of Eos-Comain was built by Robert 
D'Ufford, Justiciary of Ireland and by the Foreigners of 
Ireland during the reign of Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh Ua 
Conchobuir. And Aedh himself was in sickness at that 
time and much of Connacht was despoiled and harried for 
[the building of] that castle. — The castle of Sligeach was 
built by Fitz Maurice.^ — Tadhg, son of Mall Mac Muired- 



[1268] 



(1266) 



[1269] 



deacon, Henry ; the majority, the 
ahbot of " the Monastery of Nigra- 
cella" [Dub-llecles] of Derry. 
The archbishop of Armagh an- 
nulled the election of the arch- 
deacon, who proceeded to Kome to 
prosecute an appeal and died there. 
On Dec. 3, 1?63, Urban IV. pansed 
over the abbot and appointed John 
de Alneto, a Franciscan resident in 
Ireland (Theiner, pp. 92-3). On 
the 28th April, 1265, John was 



excused on the plea of incurable 
infirmity by Clement IV., who re- 
served the appointment to himself 
{ib., p. 96). The result appears in 
the present entry. 

[1269] ^isdy.—The original 
entries of the (textual) year 1267 
are given in the A. L. C. under 
1269. 

'^ Fitz-Maurice. — D adds: Quod 
antea O'Donill et Odo O'Connor 
funditus prostrarunt. 



342 



aunalcc ulat)Ti. 



A 62b 



Tiaig, 7)0 mafiba'D i n-Oil-pmn -do fejifenac Tjocnaiu vo 
mwnr\z\\i a h^icccap. pein." — CCexi, mac "Oomnaill htli 
Pepgaill, "DO niaixba'D -do ^'^ct^^cci^ 7 ''^'ct biaaiufiiB pein. 
— CCe-D htia pnn, fai oifipiTiis, cfuieuic in^ [Chp,ifco]. — 
Opian,'* mac "Oomnaill T)Uib hUi Ga^pa, no mai^ba'o la 
fallal 15.'' 

("Oauixi'' bUa Oiaajan, efbag Clocaip,, qui" uiyxcuoffe 
eu pTOebrefi ppo ■oepencione iii|'Cici[a]e er. lupif eccle- 
fi[a]e CLocho|\enfif pep cempup uic[a]e enip labopauir, 
obiic hoc anno. Ocup a axilaca'D imlDainiprip TTl'lielli- 
poinr;, oip Tiobo manac v'a mancaiB pein be poimepin.') 

jCaL Ian. [p." iiii., I. u.,''] CCnno "Oomim m.° cc" Lx." 
U)ii.°^[-laa:''] TDai'om CCca-in-cip le hCCe'D, mac pei'b- 
limce 7 le ConnacraiB ap in lapla, I'oon aptlduep^ a 
Oupc 7 ap 5^iccl.lail5 Gpenn apcena, "du i cuco'd dp 
■DiaipmiTie^ | ap ^halLaiB 7 "Dosabaxi ann Uilbam 65 a 
Oupc 7 pomapba'D e lap-oain ipin taim ce-ona. Ocup m 
mo copgaip nd cacipgal "o'a cucpac ^OTObil t>o glict^LaiB 
1 n-Gpinn piam map. tlaippomapbaxi Uicap'onacoitle, 
bpacaip an lapla, 7 8eon buiciLep 7 pi'oepe'oa^ im^oa 
aili* 7 501 lb 7 5*^ixiil'Diaipmi'De 7 popaga'D cec^ •o'eucaiB 
CO n-a luipecaiB 7 co n-a n-'Dillait;iB. — ^^Comapba' 
Pa-opaig, i-Don, ITIael-paTipais htla SganDail, quieuit; in 
[Chpipco"]. — 'gopua mop "©©[pjobacca ' 1* n-Qpinn ipin 

A.D. 12C7. »om.,B. an om., B, C, D. "'n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1268. 1 OTiai-, B. " — rhe, A. ^^aroefiya (=e-6a), A ; — ex>a, B. 
^eile, A; ii., B. ^ .c. (the Latin equivalent), A, B. ^ % A. i> 1271 
{alias I27O), OTerhead, n. t. h., B ; reetius 1270, n. t. h., 0. <=-°om., A ; 
given in B, 0, D. dom., B, C, D. 



(1267) ' JTa ^rayan.— His death 
is given by the F. M. at 1269. 
But the present obit appears to 
have been composed by one well 
acquainted with the date. 

2 Before that. — That is, the con- 



text shows, before he was made 
bishop. The F. M. omit the words ; 
whence O'Donovan (iii. 406) erro- 
neously concluded that O'Bragan 
" had retired into the monastery 
some time before his death." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



343 



haigh, was killed in Oil-finn by an ill-mannered servitor [1269] 
of tte retinue of his own kinsman. — Aedh, son of Domnall 
Ua Ferghaill, was killed by the Foreigners and by his 
own kinsmen. — Aedh Ua Finn, master of harmony, rested 
in Christ. — Brian, son of Domnall Ua Eaghra the Black, 
was killed by the Foreigners. 

(David Ua Bragan,i bishop of Clochar, who laboured (1267) 
courageously and faithfully in defence of j ustice and the 
right of the church of Clochar during the time of his life, 
died this year. And he was buried in the Monastery of 
Mellifont, for he was a monk of its monks before that.^) 

Kalends of Jan, [on 4th feria, 5th of the moon], a.d. [12701 
1268i[-70]. The defeat of Ath-in-chip^ [was inflicted] 
by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua Conchobair] and by the 
Connachtmen on the Earl, namely, on Walter de Burgh and 
on the Foreigners oflrelandbesides, wherein was committed 
slaughter innumerable on the Foreigners. And William 
de Burgh junior was taken prisoner there and he was 
killed afterwards in the same captivity. And not greater 
than it was any defeat, or battle- rout that the Gaidhil ever 
gave to the Foreigners in Ireland previously. For there 
was killed Richard of the Wood, kinsman of the Earl, as 
well as John Butler and many other knights and 
Foreigners and Gaidhil innumerable. And there were 
abandoned one hundred horses^ with their breastplates 
and with their saddles. — The successor of [St.] Patrick,* 
namely, Mael-Padraig Ua Sgannail, rested in Christ. — 



[1270]. 1 /2(5(?.— The orig:inal 
itema of the (textual) year 1268 
are given in the A. L. C. at 1270 ; 
except the last, -which is placed 
under 1269. The second is also 
given at the latter year. 

^ Aih-in-chip. — Ford of the beam. 
Apud Vadum trabis, vulgo dictum 
Agh kipp, D. 



^Horses, etc.. — Centum equiAng- 
lico aparatu circumdati, una cum 
militum armatura reiioti fuerunt, 
D. 

* Successor of Patrick That is, 

archbishop of Armagh. The tex- 
tual date, we have abundant proof, 
is two years in advance. Brictius 
(presumably, the Latin alias of 



344 



aMMttLcc aloDh. 



bbaxiain f\. — Ciiifcma, insen htli Meccain, bean 
"Diai^rnaca mi-ois TTlic "Omixmcrca, in bean fiob' pe^ip 
'Delb'^ 7 eineac'^ 7 ciaaba'b yiobai 1° n-aen arnifip fiia" 7 
If mo cue T>o'n Oii-o bac, quieuic in Chpifco-" 

(nnael-paT)iiai5' htla Bgannail, aifi-oeafbag CCiyix)- 
niaca, DO fiul gu ceac 1115 Saccan an blia-Sain fi 7 ci 
ceacc anoiji a|iif an bbaxiain cecna maibb |ie cumaccain 
liioifi- — Gacrfiaficac hUa CCnluain, fii Oifiia^iix, t)0 gaBaiL 
pep, Ualoetium ITlaiiaef, luon, ConfcabLa Ruif-na-caiiise 
7 'ooceiano ua-oa ap,if an bbaxiain cecna. — TTlichaellTlac 
an-T;-Shaiii, Oippicel CCfiT)-1Tlaca, tjo confeci^airc le 
haifixieafbos CCip'O-ITlaca, 1 n-a eapbog 1 CLocufi, in 
cyiafcino ■Klaciuix;at;if beacae ■ma]^i[a]e.*) 

jCal. Ian. [p.^ti., I. a;.ui./] CCnno "Domini Vr\° cc.° Lx.° ix."" 
B 64a [-bxx.° 1.°] I mac Seoa[i]n Ibei^xiun xiomaiabaxi le Wacefi^ 
a bufic — Simon TTIas [CJiiaiu. xieganac CCp-xia-capna, 
quieuic in [Cbpifco]. — Tnacgamain TTlas" Cajiyimis x)0 
maiibaxi. — bbdixiep. a bupc, lapla tlLa'D 7 xjijejana 
Connacc, mofciuif efc. — Caiflen 'Caisi-cemJDla t)0 
bfiifiu'b la bCCe-D blla Concobuiii.— "Donncaxi TDhag 
ShamTfiuxiain quieuiu in [Chjaifco]. — Caiflen Rofa- 

A.D. 1268. — 'i-'^om., B, 0, D. "-«! r]-a hmvnfi\i-^in her {own) time, B 
(foUowed by C, D). " n. t. h., A ; om.. B, C, D. 

A.D. 1269. 1 btidi— , A. " mac TTllies (Caia-p-caij")— son of Ma: {Carr- 
thaigh), B. 



Mael-, or Gilla-, Erigte), canon of 
Armagh, having gone to Henry 
III., with letters of the Deau and 
Chapter announcing the death of 
Patrick, the archbishop, licence to 
elect was granted (D. T., II. 869) 
in the beginning of May, 1270. 

The election of Nicholas, canon 
of Armagh, was confirmed (Theiner, 
p. 101) by Gregory X,, July 13, 



1272. (The delay was apparently 
owing to the interregnum between 
the demise of Clement IV., Nov. 
29, 1268, and the coronation of 
Gregory X., Jan. 27, 1272.) The 
confirmation having been notified 
to the king by the Curia, the tem- 
poralities were restored to the 
archbishop on the ensuing Sept, 25 
(D. r., II, 927). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



345 



Great, unbearable famine in Ireland this year. — Christina, [] 270] 
daughter of Fa JSTechtain, wife of Diarmait Mac Diarmata 
the Midian, the woman that was of best shape and gene- 
rosity and piety that was in one time with herself and 
that gave most to the Grey Order,^ rested in Christ. 

(Mael-Padraig Ua Sgannail, archbishop of Ard-Macha, (1268) 
went to the house of the king of the Saxons this year and 
came from the east again the same year with great power. 
— Eachmarcach TJa Anluain, king of the Oirthir, was 
taken prisoner by Walter deMarisco, namely, the Constable 

of E.os-na-cairge and he escaped from him the same year. 

Michael Mac-aD-tshair,^ Official of Ard-Macha, was conse- 
crated bishop in Clochar by the archbishop of Ard-Macha, 
on the morrow of the Nativity of Blessed Mary [Sept 8^]. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 16th of the moon], a.d. L1271] 
1269i[-71]. The son^ of John de Verdon was killed by 
Walter de Burgh. — Simon Mag Craith, dean of Ard-carna, 
rested in peace. — Matbgamain Mag Carrthaigh was 
killed. — Walter de Burgh, Earl of Ulster and lord of 
Gonnacht, died.^ — The castle of Tech-templa was broken 
down by Aedh Ua Conchobuir. — Donnchadh Mag Shamh- 
rudhain rested in Christ.* — The castle of E.os-comain and 



' Grey Order. — Namely, the Cis- 
tercian. 

(1268) ^ Mac-an-tshair. — Son of 
the Wright. G-enerally anglicized 
Carpenter. 

'^Sept. 8.— In 1268 it fell on 
Sunday, one of the days prescribed 
for conferring episcopal consecra- 
tion. 

[1271] 1 I26g.—Ql the entries 
of the (textual) year, 1269, the first, 
fourth, fifth, and eeventh (except 
the JRos-Comain item) are given in 
the A. L. C. at 1271. The sixth, 



Sos-Comain of the seventh, the 
eighth, ninth and eleventh are 
placed under 1272 in the same 
Annals. 

^ The son. — Called Nicholas in 
the A. L. C. ; which state that he 
was slain by Geoffrey O'Ferrall and 
the people of Annaly (co. Long- 
ford). 

^I>ied. — In Galway castle, ac- 
cording to the A. L. C. 

^Rested in Christ. — In the A. L. 
C. he is said to have been slain by 
his brother, Thomas. 



346 



ccMNalcc ulorDTi. 



Comain 7 caiflen Sbpg 7 caiflen CCca-liag -do lega'D la 
» hOCexi, mac ■pei'bbmce. 
[biy.] [CC.T). m.° cc.° Ixx." 11.°] muifisif, mac T)onnca-Da, 
ci^epna Dhiiie-hOilella, nee Dob' i:eiT,p. eirec 7 T^innlacafi 
T)o ConnaccaiT5, tdo eg a TTltipBac illongpoiiT;^ TiUi T)om- 
nailL 7 a bpeic co Tnainifce[i na buille 7 a axinucal 
iiTDci CO hono]aac. — Clann-muiiT,cepT:a)5 -oo tiuI 1 n- 
lafimfi Clionnacc, gufi'mafiba-o leo hOi-Dp ITIac 
Tnbebpc^ 7 hCCnp,! buii:)Lleii. — Caiflen Renna-DUin do 
leaga-o la hOCexi hUa Concobuifi. — "Cav-^ -oall, mac 
CCexia, quietnc in Chfifco''. 

ICal. Ian. [p." i.,Lix."], CCnno t)omini m ." cc.° la:x.°[-iii.]'''' 
Concob«|i buixie, ITlac CCific htli Ruaifc, p.! bfieipne, -do 
mariba'D la mac Concobuif, mic 'Chi5eiina[i]n hUi Con- 
cobuip 7 yiomafbax) in -c-e fipmaifib. — ©acai-o TTlds 
A62o TTla^samna quieuicm [Cli|xipi;o]. — | Ciaec^T)OTienum vo 
Shiufcan x>'eiper;|ia ipin Cofiunn 7 becan -do macaiB 
PS Connacc -do bpeic poyipcf 7 aimglicup -oo -oenum cjie 
pupail -Djaoctiaine, suia'map.ba'o T)omnall, mac X)onn- 
ca-oa, mic Tnagnufa 7 Tnagnup, mac CCi]aT; 7 Oipeccac 
TTlac CCexiugain^- 7 CCe-D htla Oiian 7 ■oaine im'oa aili.^ 

(Lo'Douicup," i-Don, Loxiaif naem, ^15 p^ianc, -do t)iiI 
cum nime, Tjecimo quap,t;o jCalen-oaf 8ept;imbp,iip, in 
blia-oam fi, 1270; i-oon, Lo'oaif, mac Lo'oaif/) 

A.D. 1269. ^atons— , A. 3mtiep,ic,A. The t. h. wrote mec ; i\i 
■was inserted, n.t. l^. * 1272, overhead, n. t. h.,B ; alias 1271, n. t. h., C. 
" mac TTThes (Cap,-|acai5) — sot? of Mac {Parrthaigh), B. dom., A. 

A.D. 1270. icp-eac, B. =— 5011, A. = eile, A ; li , B. i" 1273, over- 
head, n. t. h., B ; alias 1272 ; vel 1273, u. t. h., C. ?■« t. m., t. h.,"A ; cm., 
B, C, D. 



[1272] ^Maurice, etc. — From this 
entry to the textual year 1281 (=: 
1284) inclusive, these Annals are 
three years antedated. 

^ Clann - Muircertaigh, — Descen- 



dents of Muircertach (the Momonian, 
son of Turlougli Mpr O'Conor, king 
of Connacht). 

' Tadhg the Blind.— GxscnA&oiL of 
Cathal Eed-hand O'Conor, king of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 347 

the castle of Sligeach and tlie castle of Ath-liag were [1271] 
levelled by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [TJa Concliobair]. 

[A.D. 1272]. Maurice/ son of Donnchadh [Ua Mael- [i272Bis.] 
ruanaigh] lord of Tir-Oilella, one that was the best of the 
Connachtmen for hospitality and gratuity, died in Mur- 
bach, in the camp of Ua Domnaill and he was carried to the 
Monastery of the Buill and honourably buried therein. — 
The Clann-Muircertaigh^ went into the West of Connacht, 
so that Hoidsi Mac Mebric and Henry Butler were killed 
by them. — The castle of Rinn-duin was levelled byAedh Ua 
Conchobuir. — Tadhg the Blind,* son of Aedh, rested in 
Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 9th of the moon, J a.d. 11273] 
1270i[-3]. Conchobur the Tawny, son of Art Ua Euairc, 
king of Breifni, was killed by the son of Conchobur, son 
of Tigernan Ua Concobuir and he who killed [him] was 
killed therein. — Eochaidh Mac Mathgamna [king of Oirg- 
hialla] rested in Christ.^ — A foray was made by Jordan de 
Exeter into the Corann. And a few of the sons of the 
kings of Connacht overtook them and an imprudence was 
committed [by the Connacht leaders] through advice of 
evil persons, so that Domnall, son of Donnchadh, son of 
Maghnus [Ua Conchobair] and Magbnus, son of Art [Ua 
Conchobair] and Oirechtach Mac Aedhugain and Aedh Ua 
Birn and many other persons were killed. 

(Louis,^ namely. Saint Louis, king of the French, went (1270) 
to beaven on the 14th of the Kalends of September [Aug. 
19] this year, 1270. That is Louis [IX.], son of Louis 

[vin.].) 

Connacht, according to the A. L. 
C. ; which add that he was blinded 
by the O'Reillys (co. Cavan). 

[1273] i^^/ci-— AH the entries 
of the (textual) year 1270 are given 
in the A. L. C. under 1273. 



" nested in Christ. — But the 
A. L. C. state that he and many 
others along with him were slain 
by O'Hanlon and the Cenel-Owen. 

(1270) ^ Louis.— Died Aug. 25 
(VArt de virif. les dates), 1270 ; 

z2 



348 



aMMttLa uLccon. 



B64b IcaLlan. [p-'ii-, I- xx-"], CCnnoT)omini rri.°cc.°lxx.''i."''' 
[-iu.°] T)OTTiTiall, mac ITlagnufa, mic TTIuiiaceiauaig 
ITluimnig hill Concobuiia, fai bptiinnci 7 peicern coiucenn, 
comlan'' "Do'n ciniux) 'Saenna, quieuit; in [Chinftio]. — 
^illa-na-naem peytsaiL, aen lact^u^ caifec Gpenn 1^ n-a^ 
ai'mpi^ pern, quieuic'^ in [Cbyiif co] .'* — Gee's, mac ■peix)- 
limce^ htli Concobuiii, fii Connacu 7 a'&bufi aip.'Ofii^ 
Gfienn, peyi ba mo ^i^am 7 cofj:;afi tiobi 1 n-eyiinn, 
quieuit; in [Chpifco]. — ■Cigep.nan, mac (Xeva hUi 
■Ruaiiac, tii Oiaeipne, quieuit; in [Chfiifco]. — Gogan, mac 
Ruaixiiii bUi* Concobaifi, pi Connacc fiejiaici, amapba'o 
1 1Tlainifci|i na m-Oiaacaia 1 Rop-Comam (la°a byiai^piB 
pein"). — CCe'D, mac Cacail t)OiII hUi Concobui|i, yii Con- 
nact; fie caeicix>if, quieuiu in [Chpifro] (T)omaiT,ba'D° 
la "Commabtiac Triha5 0ip.eaccai5 7 vo comaip.te 51 ^^^C" 
C)aipu hill bhipn.°). — Ca€al TTlas phlanncaxia, uaijpec 
TtaTicyiaip, ctuieuic in [Chp-ifco]. — 'Ca^g hUa^ "Oalaig 
(iT)on/ mac CepBail buixie, "D'ajx n-Doig'), fai maic yie 
"Dan, quieuic in [CTipifuo]. — Caijibiai htia Sguaba, eppuc 
■Ciyie-Conaibl, (in' ChiaipT;o quieuit; erf) in Cuyiia obiir. 

(TTlail-SeacLainn,'' mac CCmlaim, mic CCiiat; htli 
■Ruaific, p.15 'Daficpaige, -do mayiba^ la ConcuBayi, mac 
T)omnaill, mic Weill hUi Ruaific.'") 



A.D. 1271. 



^na (aphaeresis of 1), A. '-itito, B. 



'0, A. ^ 1274 overhead, n. t. h.. B; rectius 1274, n. t. h., 0. 



lom., A. «■» itl., n. t. h.. A; 



B, 0, D. "Itl., t. h.,B; 



M, A. 
= om., B. 
om., A ; 



given in C, D. ee«n Christo quieuit is tte textual reading in B. Et in 
curia ohiit is interlined, t. h. C has in Christo quievit, with in curia inter- 
lined. 1) gives quievit. '■''n. t. h., A ; om. , B, C, t). 



canonized by Boniface VIII., Aug. 
11, 1297. 

[1274] ' /^7z.— The first of entry 
the (textual) year 1271 is dated 1273 
in the A, L. C. The others (except 
the last, which is under 1275) are 
given at 1274 in the same Annals. 

^ Aedh. — Thus freely rendered in 



D : Odo Mac Feilem I Conor, rex 
Conaoiae, qui fuit expectatus 
futurus rex Hibernie propter sua 
magnalia acta contra Anglioanos, 
cum quibus cuuotis diebus sue vite 
ineessauter luctabal, quieuit. 

In the A. L, C, Aedh ia said to 
have died on Thursday, May 3, the 



AXNALS OF TTLSTER. 



349 



Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 20th of the moon], a.d. [1274] 
1271 '[-4]. Domnall, son of Maghnus, son of Muircertach 
Ua Conch obuir the Momonian, eminent donor and a general, 
perfect benefactor to the human race, rested in Christ. — 
Gilla-na-naem O'Ferghail, the most choice of the chiefs of 
Ireland in his own time, rested in Christ.^ — Aedh,^ son of 
Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir, king of Conuacht and future 
arch-king of Ireland, the man most feared and victorious 
that was in Ireland, rested in Christ. — Tigernan, son of 
Aedh Ua Huairc, king of Breifni, rested in Christ. — 
Eogan, son of Euaidhri Ua Ooncobair, king of Connacht 
for a quarter [of a year], was killed in the Monastery of 
the Friars in Ros-Comain (by his own kinsmen). — Aedh, 
son of Cathal Ua Concobuir the Blind, king of Connacht 
for a fortnight, rested^ in Christ. (He was killed by 
Tomaltach Mag Oirechtaigh and by counsel of Gilla- 
Crist Ua Birn.) — Cathal Mag Flannchadha, chief of 
Dartraighe, rested in Christ. — Tadhg Ua Dalaigh (namely, 
son of Cerball the Tawny, in our opinion), a good master 
in poetry, rested in Christ. ^Cairbre Ua Sguaba, bishop 
of Tir-Conaill, (rested in Christ and) died in the Curia.* 

(Mail-Sechlainn,^ son of Amlaimh, son of Art Ua Ruairc, (i27J) 
king of Dartraighi, was killed by Conchubhar, sou of 
Domnall, son of Niall Ua B-uairc.) 



feast of the Finding of the Holy 
Cro8S. Accordingly, at this year 
the Annals of Ulster are three years 
in advance. In 1274, May 3 fell 
on Thursday ; in 1271, on Sunday. 

^Rested. — Namely, died a natural 
death. So the two MSS. and the 
two translations. But there can be no 
doubt, from the proofs given in the 
A. L. C, that he was slain. The 
correction interlined in A is con- 
sequently well founded. 

•* Died in the Curia. — That is, in 



the Papal Court. ' Ware (^Bishops, 
ed. Harris, p. 271) states on ihe 
authority of the " Annals of Loch- 
Kee " that Bishop O'Scoba died at 
Borne ; but it is clear that Ware 
did not quote from the original of 
the present volumes, as there is no 
mention of Rome either in this MS., 
or in the so-called Annals of Con- 
nacht.' (Note to A. L. C, i. p. 
478. ) Ware most probably quoted 
from C, in which in Curia is inter- 
lined over in Chris to. 

(1271) ' Mail-Sechlainn. — Given 



350 



aNNttla vilccDh. 



[bir-i 



jCallan. [p.^ iii.,L i."], a;nnoT)otnini m.°cc.''lxx.°ii.°'' 
[-u.°] OCpc, mac Cacail p-iabaig, xi\ biT.eipne, niop.T:uuf 
epc — TluaiTiiT,i, mac ■Coipp'oelbaig hUi Concobuiia, 'oo 
gaBail n'a bpacaip, pein, vo 'Cha'Ds, mac 'Choiti-l^'Delbais 
hUi" ConcobaiiT, (7 "Cafis, mac Cacail, mic 'Diaiamo'Da, 
■DO aiagain uile leif°) 7 Concobufi, mac peyigail, mic 
T)onnca'oa, mic muipceificaij, "oo mayiba-o v'a bp,a€aii;\ 
l^ein. — In c-ef puc hUa^ Laixdj/ ef puc Cille-alaxi, quieuin 
in [Chfiifco]. 

(Tluailrii'? hUa ConcuBaifi ■o'elog 7 ConcuBap, liUa 
hOCmb -DO bpei^ leip 7 a leanmum gu maic 7 bpeic up 
Concubap 7 a mapba-o. — Caipbpe hllu pguaba, eppcop 
Raca-bou, quieuic. — CCpu, mac Ccccaxl piabaig, pi 
bpei'pne, 1)0 mapba-o -do TTIhuincip-'gheapti-Dan. — "Comap 
mbaccShampusam do mapba-o la Cmel-Luacan.*) 

ICaL Ian. [p." 1111. 1, xii."], CCnno "Domini m.°cc.°Lxx.° 
111.° "[-ui."] OCe-D rriuimnec, macpeixibmce/'DOCiaccain 
apin TTlumain imepc Connacc 7 ciacc^ -DoClainn "Caipp- 

A.D., 12r2. i-'tlallaTOis, A.— 1>1275 overKead, u. t. h., B ; alias, 

1275, n. t. h., C. '-com., B, C, D. The portion within brackets is itl., 
n. t.h. 'i-'i n. t. b., A ; cm., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1273. i-mi-D, J3. ''cocc, B. H 1276, OTerKead, n. t. h., B ; alias, 

1276, n. t. h., 0. 



under 1274 in the A. L. 0. It is 
accordingly misplaced here. 

[1275] i7i>7^.— The entries, both 
original and added, of the (textual) 
year 1272 are dated 1275 in the 
A. L. a 

' Died. — The second additional 
entry (which was inserted perhaps 
to correct this and with which the 
A. L. 0. agree) states that he was 
kiUed. 

^ By his own kinsman. — Omitted 
in D, which adds : O'Donill aspor- 
tatis nauiculis ad Luagh Eame et 



exinde ad Luagh Uoghtiar et ibi 
circumiacientium omniuia diuitias 
reperit et tandem, subiugatis oir- 
cumquaque inoolis illarum terra- 
rum, cum sumna Tiotoria rediit. 

The original is given in the Four 
Masters at 1272. 

* Laidhig. — Laydin, C j Lagaire, 
with Laidin overhead, D. 

(1272) 1 UaScuaba.—See [1274], 
note 4, supra. 

2 Thomas — See [1271], note 4, 
supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



351 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 1st of the moon,j a.d. [1275] 
1272i[-5]. Art, son of Cathal the Swarthy [Ua Euairc], 
king of Breifni, died.^— Ruaidhri, son of Toirrdhelbach 
Ua Concobuir, was taken prisoner by his own kinsman,^ 
[namely] by Tadhg, son of Toirrdhelbach TJa Conchobaii- 
(and Tadhg, son of Cathal Mac Diarmoda was despoiled 
completely by him) and Conchobur, son of Ferghal, son 
of Donnchadh, son of Muircertach, was killed by his own 
kinsman.— The bishop Ua Laidhig/ bishop of Cell-aladh, 
rested in Christ. 

(Ruaighri Ua Conchubhair escaped and took Conchu- (1272) 
bhar Ua Ainli with him. But they were well followed 
and Conchubar was caught and killed. — Cairbre Ua 
Sguaba/ bishop of Eath-both, rested. — Art, son of Cathal 
the Swarthy [Ua Euairc], king of Breifni, was killed by 
the Muinnter-Ghearudhan. — Thomas^ Mag Shamhrughain 
was killed by the Cenel-Luachan.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 12th of the moon], a.d. [1276 Bis.] 
1273i[-6]. Aedh" the Momonian, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua 
Conchobair], came out of Munster into the midst of Con- 
nacht and the children of Toirrdhelbach [Ua Conchobair] 



[1276] izj'/J.— The entries of 
the (textual) year 1273 are given 
in the A. L. C. under 1276. 

^ Aedh.— This item is rather a 
mnemonic note than a historical 
record. Its brevity is misleading, 
as Well as obscure. According to 
Mageoghegan's Version of the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise : " A base 
son was presented to Felym Mac 
Cahall Crovederg O'Connor, after 
the death of said Ffelym a long 
space, who was called Hugh Moy- 
neagh, because he was nurished 
and brought up in Munster and 
came to Connoght from thence. 



And as soon as he came and was 
known to be the son of Felym, 
Silmoreye [Sil-Muiredhaigh, the 
O'Conors] and Clann Moyleronie 
[SiL-Mailruanaigh, the O'Flynns] 
accepted of him and had him in 
great accoumpt and reverence." 

On being accepted as king, the 
sons of Toirdelbach (Torlough), 
Ruaidhri and Tadhg, fled into 
Tirconnell to O'DonneU. Their 
coming into the ccmntry is the foray 
mentioned in. the first additional 
entry. They were slain in 1278(= 
1275 of the text). 



352 



ccNMttla ulcroli. 



A62d Tielbais aiTift." — "OiqiTnaic, mac 5iUe-mtii|ie I MJi 
mhofina, fii Ulu-D, quieuiu in [Chfiifco]. — Cyiec'' -do 
•oentim -do mac pheixilimce ap. Clainti-inui|iceiai;ai5 7 1 
roiiaiTiect; na cpeice yiomaiaba'D ^''-^^^'^ict'^'Ctifise^ 
O Con]iai.* — "Domnall, mac Weill, mic Consalaig htli 
■Ruaiific diif" a ifiaiT;ea 51 Ll'a in 1 n m e'), do mapba-o 
lahUa 'Neccain. 

(Cfieac^'DO 'oenum le Cloinn 'Coiiafi'Dealbais ayi mac 
phei'olim[r]e 7 afi macaiB TTlic "OhiaiimmoTDa 7 ^illa- 
CyiifD bUa TTl ail-Open ainn xio mayiba'D leo an la fin. — 
^illa-CfiifT) hUa Weaci^ain 7 Uilliam htia Neaccain -do 
mayiba-D la Tluaigpi, mac 'CoifiiT.'Dealbais bill Concu- 
Baiti-O 

3 64o |cal. Ian. [-p." ui., I. xx.iii."'] CCnno "Domini ■m.°cc."lcca;.° 
iiii.°'[-uii.] ^illa-na-naem btla^ biyin qmeuic in 
[Cbjiifco]. — 0|iian p-uax) htia Opiain quieuic in 
[Chiaifco]. — bfiaen hUa Tllail-moceipgi,^ ab Cenannfa,^ 
in'- Cbpifuo quieuic." 

A.D. 1273. ° i-pin ci-p. — into the country, B, C ; om., D. ^-^ om., 
B,C, D. «-sitl., n. t. k, A; om., B, C, D. <-'n. t. h., A; om., B, 0, D. 

A.D. 1274. iQ, A. amaeit— , B. sceanan-oya, B.— " 1277, oyer- 
head, n. t. h., B ; alias, 1276, n. t. b., C. '^''quietiic in, B. 



^Son. — The Four Masters give 
Mag GioUa Muire, omitting Ua 
Moma. (The editor of the A. L. C, 
i. p. 479, says by oversight that 
they call him O'Gillamuire.) They 
add that he was lord of Leth-Oathail 
(Lecale, 00. Down). 

" Clann-Muircertaigh.—See [1272] 
note 2, supra. 

5 Domnall. — Donaldus O'Roirk 
occisus per O'Neachten, D. It 
adds : O'Donill, Donaldus luuenis. 
coUeoto magno execcitu ex Conacia 
et Connallia, invasit Tironiam et 
depredata undique patria redii* 



victoriosus cum obsidibus multis et 
ingenti preda omnis generis. 

The original is given in the Four 
Masters at 1273. 

(1273) 1 A foray.— This and the 
following entry are given in the 
A. L. 0. at 1276. They were 
placed here perhaps as having re- 
ference to the main subject matter 
of the textual year. 

[1277] 1 z.?/^.— The two events 
of the (textual) year, 1275, are 
given in the A. L. C. at 1277. 

''Rested in Christ. — That is, died 
a natural death. But this is a veiy 



AXNALS OF ULSTER. 



353 



came into the country [to oppose him]. — Diarmait, son^ of [1276 Bis.] 
Gilla-Muire Ua Morna,king of Ulidia, rested in Christ. — A 
foray was made by the son of Feidhlimidh on the Clann- 
Muircertaigh* and in driving the prey Gilla-na-naingel Ua 
Conrai was killed. — Domnall,^ son of Niall, son of Con - 
ghalach Ua Euairc (who was called " Gillie of the butter "), 
was killed by Ua Nechtain. 

(A forayi was made by the children of Toirrdhealbach (127.'?) 
on the son of Feidhlimidh and on the sons of Mac Diar^ 
moda and Gilla-Crisd Ua Mail-Brenainn was killed by 
them that day. — Gilla-Crisd Ua Neachtain and William 
Ua Neachtain were killed by Huaighri; son of Toirrdhel- 
bach Ua Oonchubhair.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 23rd of the moon]; A.i). [1277] 
1274i[-7]. Gilla-na-naem Ua Birn rested in Christ. — 
Brian Ua Briain the Red, rested in Christ.^ — Braen^ Ua 
Mail-mocheirghi* abbot of Cenannus, rested in Christ. — 



considerable error. The event is 
thus described in the Remonstrance 
addressed (Theiner, p. 201) by 
the Irish Magnates, through the 
NuncioSj Cardinals Jocelin and 
Luke, to Pope John XXII., about 
1318 : Item, Dominus Thomas de 
Clare, Comitis Gloverniae [Glou- 
cester] frater, Tooans ad domum 
suam praeclarissimum virum, 
Brianum Rufum, principem Tot- 
moniae, suum compatrinum, cum, 
in maioris confoederationis et 
amiciciae signum, de eadem Hostia 
consecrata in duas divisa partes 
nequiter communicayit, ipsum 
denique de consilio nephandae 
gentis praedictae subito de mensa 
et convivio arreptum in caudem 
trahi fecit equorum ; ampiitato 
quoqne capite, ' truncum corporis 
per pedes suspend! fecit in ligno 



(Fordun: Scoiichronicon, O x o n., 
J 722, iii. 917-8). 

The Annals of Glonmacnohe 
(Mageoghegan's version, O'D. 
P. M. iii. 426-7) agree -with the 
account given in the second addi- 
tional entry of the foUoVing year. 

^ Braen. — Brien O'Molmooherri 
quieuit, D ; whiish adds : Hoc 
anno Eoganenses venerunt in 
Counalliam, sperantes sumere vin- 
dictam pro precedenti anno. Et 
ooUecta magnS preda, O'Donill cum 
suis eoS insequentes ad confines 
montea Tireone [r'ecte, ad confinem 
Montis Trnim] irruit in eos et 
habits viotoriS restituit sua cum 
multis equis et armatura. 

The original is in the Pour 
Masta-s at 1275. 

^ Mail-mocheirghi, — Devotee Of 
early rising. 



354 



aMNttla ulat)?!. 



(^illa-Ciii'p'o'' hUa bifvn, feayi gifia-oa OCexia htli Cbon- 
cuBaip., 7)0 TTiafiBax) -do'ti gilla pua'o, mac Loclmnn hUi 
ChoiicuBaifi.*) 

]CaL Ian. [p.'uii.,l. mi."], CCnnoT)pmiTii m." cc.° lxx° 
u.°'[-uiii.°] 'Cax)5, mac 'Coipii.'oelbais, -do maifibax> la 
clainn CacailTTlic "Oiapmarja. — Ruai'&iai.mac'Coiiifi'Del- 
baig, T)o mayiba-D la 5illa-C|iiipT: TDa^ 'phlannca-ba 7 le 
"Oaficaaigi ai^cena, ayi bojaD "Oyioma-cliaB 7 in pepvun 
liiabac, mac 'Ciseianain bUi Concobuiji 7 Tiaine aili^ nac 
aipimceia funn. — 'Donnca'D 7 peiigal, na mac imui|i5iipa, 
mic 'Oonnca'Da, mic 'Comalcai^, vo maiabaxi, la 'Ca'Dg, 
mac 'Domnaill IjXfiaif. — piai^bei^uac hUa "Oaimin, p.i 
peyi-TTlanac, quieuic in Chiaifco (iT)on,° 1 uefic 'Moin mif 
phebiia").— ITlai'Dm Cuinci -do cabaiiax; "do "Oonncax), mac 
bp.iain yiuaiT) 7 vo macaiB aili15^ htli biaiain ap. in lapla 
0* Claipe (guyi'loifSfeaT)'' ceampull Cuince 1 ceann a 
muinncepi, gu cugfaT) ap. 7)1 aipm[it>]e poppa, ecip lopgaT) 
7 mapbax)''). — "Comap bUa Cui'nn, eppuc Cluana-mac- 
■Moip,* quieuic in [Chpipz;o]. — "Comalcac TTlac Oipeccaig, 
pigcaipec Shil-TTluipexiaig, do mapbaxi vo na 'CuacaiB. 

(^illa-na-n-aingel/ ccb lepa-gabail, mopcuup eyv 
Womp TTlapcii. — bpian puafi, mac ConcuBaip blli 

A.D. 1274. 'i-'in. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1275, ^eile, A ; ii., B. ^n.. A, B. Som., B. ■'-niic— , B. ^ 1278, 
OTerhead, II. t. h., B ; alias, 278, n. t. h., 0. =-'=itl., n. t. b., A; itl.,t.h., 
B ; om., C, D. ^-^ itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. =-« n. t. h., A ; cm., 
B, C, D. 



(1274) '■GUla-Crisd [Devotee of 
Christ).— Giyen m the A. L. C. 
under 1277. 

[1278] ^ I2yj- — The events of 
the (textual) year, 1275, are in the 
A. L. C. at 1278. 

' The Swarthy Parson. — Rector 
fuecus, D. 

' And other, etc. — " And other men 
not here nombred," C. 



^The defeat, c<c. — " Donnough 
Mao Bryen Eoe O'Bryen gave the 
overthrow of Coynche to Thomas 
de Clare (the Earle before men- 
tioned) and burnt the church of 
Coynche over the heads of the said 
Earle and his people ; where 
infinite numbers of people were 
both slain and killed therein and 
escaped narrowly himself : for 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



365 



(Gilla-Crisdi Ua Birn, confidant oE Aedh Ua Conchub- 
hair, was killed by the " Red Grillie," son of Locblann Ua 
Concbubhair.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7tb feria, 4tb of the moon], a.d. 
1275i[-8]. Tadbg, son of Toirrdbelbacb [Ua Concbobair], 
■was killed by the children of Cathal Mac Diarmata. — 
Ruaidhri, son of [the aforesaid] Toirrdbelbacb, was killed 
by Gilla-Crist Mac Flannchadha and by the Dartraighi 
besides, on the border of Druim-cliabh and " the Swarthy 
Parson,"^ son of Tigernan Ua Conchobuir, and other^ 
persons that are not reckoned here [were killed]. — Donn- 
chadh and Ferghal, two sons of Muirghius, son of Donn- 
chadh, son of Tomaltach [Ua Concbobair], were killed by 
Tadbg, son of Domnall [Ua Concbobair] of Irras. — 
riaithbertach Ua Daimin, king of Fir-Manach, rested ia 
Christ (namely, on the 3rd of the Nones [3rd] of the month 
of February).- — The defeat* of Cuincbe was given by 
Donnchadb, son of Brian [Ua Briain] the Eed, to the 
Earl of Clare (so that they burned the church of Cuiiiche 
over the heads of his people [and] inflicted slaughter in. 
numerable upon them, both by burning and killing).— 
Thomas Ua Cuinn,^ bishop of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested in 
Christ. — Tomaltach Mac Oirechtaigb, royal chief of Sil- 
Muiredhaigh, was killed by " the Territories;" 

(Grilla-na-naingel,i abbot of Lis-gabail, died on the 
Nones [7th] of March. — Brian the E.ed,^ son of Conchu- 



(1274) 



[1278] 



(1275) 



which escape myne author [J. e. , the 
chronicle which he translated] 
aayeth that himself was sorry for." 
Mageoghegan, 1278. 

The original of " myne author " 
is given in the A. L. C. -. "But, 
alas ! the son of the Earl went 
thereout from th^m secretly " 
(1278). 

5 Ua Cuinn. — A Franciscan. 



Elected in 1253 {V. I., II. 151). 
Died probably towards the close of 
1278 (of- ib. 1713). 

(1275) '■ Gilla-na-naingel. — De- 
votee of the angels. The original of 
this entry is not known to me. 

^ Brian the Eed. — This is the true 
version of the second item in the 
(textual) year 1274 (=1277J. 



356 



aMNalcc tila"Dli 



bhfiiain, 1^15 'Cua'DrTiUTnuTi, 7)0 gabail le mac Iqala bO 
Claipe. Ocuf fia-o ap cup a pola i n-aen foigceac 7 a^i 
n-T)enum caiyi'Ditifa-Cpi'^ 7 ayi cobefic rrunn 7 clog "o'a 
cele. Ocui^ a ^ajipainj et;i]T, y^'oe'Daib Tjeif a galDala.") 

jCal. Ian. [p 1., L. xu.^], CCntio "Oomini 171.° cc.°lxx.'' 
tii.°''[-ix.°] T^omalcac hUa Concobuifi, aifi-Derpuc 'Cuania, 
■pai epenn afi einec 7 ap uaifli, ap focpaTDecc 7 ap 
^I'Dlucati/ quieuiT;in [Chpipco]. — TTIael-Sheclainn/ mac 
'Coiiap'oelbais, occifUf efc." — Concobup,, mac "Oiapmara, 
mic TTIa^nupa bt1i Concobuip,, occifuf efc. — ^illa-in- 
Choimfiex) bUa CefiBallafiJn, efpuc 'Cbifie-beogain, 
A63a quietiic in'' [Cbpifco]. — TnupcaTi | hUa^ Meaccain -do 
mapbafi -do "OomnalU bUa^ Neaccain. Ocuf comyiac' 
'D'poa5iaa['D] -do Uoibept: bUa^ Weccain, -do T)epbparaip 

AX>. 1276. 1 cTOlacuT), B. ''O, A. i' 1279, overhead, n.t.h.. B ; aliter, 
1279, n. t. h., C. «-«om., B, C, D. a o^ _ B_ « CTiop-tnac— CWmac, 



^ B\ood in one vessel.— FoT the 
antiquity of this method of coven- 
anting,'seeL.L., p. 302b {Sistoryof 
the Borumd). The king of TJlgter saw- 
in a dream a vat one-third full of 
human blood, one-third of new 
milk and one-third of wine, in the 
centre of his house. The narrativa 
then goes on : CCccotroaiiac layium 
Concobuji inn ai-plingcefin. Ocu-p 
i-p amtaTO ctcconnaio Laigin 7 
IJlaTO 'tnd'n ■oabaig ic a h6l. Ocuy' 
"|iopecaiaira,"aiaye, "1-pein coccac 
yiocaiyinseyieD amj-pin. Uaifiiy^ i 
irro -puiL acce-py-' 1-pyin 'oabaic puil 
na •Off 06106-0 1 cotnifiac. 1-p e in 
letnnacc in canfiiti cormjeca catiaic 
cteifiis na -Da coiceT). 1-p e m pti 
Cofxp Cjiipc 7 a piiuit eT)pp,aic na 
cleing. 

Conchobur saw that vision 
a'terwards. And he saw thus, — 



the Lagenians and the XJlto- 
niana around the v?,t a-drinking 
therefrom. And " I know," quuth 
he, " that is the covenant that was 
prophesied then. For the blood 
that was seen [by us] in the vat 
is the blood of the two Pifths 
[Ulster and Leinster] a-contending. 
The new milk is the Canon of the 
Lord which the clergy of the two 
Fifths chant. The wine is the 
Body of Christ and His Blood 
which the clergy offer." 

See also the Yell.w Book of 
Lecan, T.C.D., H. 2. 16, col. 313 
(the reference to which I owe to a 
Note in the A. L. C, i. 480-1) : 
" "Do ■oenam -pica icep. -pil TJai-Dg, 
mic Gem 7 -pil Cogain, mic NeiU, 
canac,'' ol -pe. "Oo gnicep, lai-ium 
co-oac ann-piti ecaiapiu 7 cumaipci-o 
Caip.nec a puil 1 n-oen leaycap, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



357 



bhar Ua Briain, king of Thomond, was taken prisoner ty 
the son of the Earl of Clare. And they were after putting 
their blood in one vesseF and after making gossipred and 
after pledging relics and bells to each other. And he was 
drawn between steeds after his capture.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 15th of the moon], a.d. 
1276^[-9]. Tomaltach Ua Conchobuir,^ archbishop of 
Tuaim, formost in Ireland^ for generosity and for nobility 
for succouring and for bestowal, rested in Christ. — Mael- 
Sechlainn, son of Toirrdhelbach [TJa Conchobair], was 
slain. — Conchobur, son of Diarmait, son of Maghnus Ua 
Conchobuir, was slain. — Gilla-in-Coimded* Ua Cerballain, 
bishop of Tir-Eogain, rested in Christ. — Murchadh^ Ua 
Neachtain was killed bv .Uomnall Ua Neachtain. And 



(1275) 



•Diblinib/Y'Clfiibai-jp amal'DOifion-pac 
in coTDac anti-pin 7 a^bep.c TTluiyi- 
ceificach . . . 

Cumai-pcceiT, a puil co becc, 
(X mic ©laca co mop-neiac, 
Co -pciiibcaTi 1 tebap. hem 
CoT)ac Gosain if 'Sailetig. 
" For the making of peace be- 
t-ween the seed of Tadg-, son of 
Cian and the seed of Eogan, son 
of Niall, came I,"q.uothhe. There- 
upon the covenant waj miade there 
and Caimeoh mingles the blood 
of both in one vessel and writes 
ho-w they made the covenant there 
and Muircertach said . . . 

[A quatrain, bidding St. Cair- 
neoh depart. The latter replies in 
Debide metre, saying inter alia .■] 
Let the blood be mingled duly, 
Thou son of Ere of great power, 
That there be written in a book 

by me 
The covenant of Eogan and of 

the GaOenga. 
[1279] '■1276- — The entries of 
the (textual) year 1276 are given in 
the A. L. C. under 1279. 



[1279] 



^ Ua Conchobuir. — See 1258, note 
3, svpra. The tex^ is here three 
years antedated. A,bout June, 1279, 
the primate wrote to the king in 
favour of the Franciscan, Malachy, 
who, when Tuam lately became 
vacant by the death of T[omaltach], 
was postulated by the dean, arch- 
deacon and some of the canons 
(Z>. /., IL 1576). 

At the election, five canons voted 
for canon Nicholas ; the dean and 
the remaining two, for Malaohy. 
The matter was referred to the 
Curia. The protracted proceedings 
that ensued are detailed in the Bull 
of Honorius IV. (July 12, 1286) 
transferring Stephen de Foleburne 
from Waterf ord to Tuam (Theiner, 
pp. 135-6). 

3 In Ireland. — Genitive in the 
original. 

* Gilla-in-Coimded. — Servant of 
the Lord. 

^Murehadh, etc. — " Morrogh 
O'Neaghten was killed by Donnole 



358 ttHNa^a ulcroli. 

TTliiiicaT)a hUi Meaccain, a\i' T)otnnall^ 7 ■RoibejaT; vo 
TTiai^bcro ann ('oo'n'' p\i cecna ifin comjiuc i"in'')- 

CDomnall,'' mac ^hilla-Cp.if'o hUi Meaccain, "do 
maiabax) la hCCe'a htlaConceanainn.'') 

[bii'.] ]Cal. Ian. [p." 11., I- a;octii.%J CCnno T)oiTiini 171." cc.° locjc." 
[B 64(3] uii.°''[-bxxx.°] I CCe'D TTluimnec hUa Concobuifi (i-Don," jiig 
Connacc in can fo°) tio mayiba^ la damn TTluificepcais 
(05'^ Caill-in-'Dain5ean°). Cacal, mac Concobuiia lauaiTi, 
T)o iT.i§axi "DO ConnaccaiB. — Seoan hUa Lai-Dig, efpuc 
Cille-ala'D, quieuiT; in [Cbiiifco]. — ITlail-Seclainn hUa 
5a1l^mle5al'D,^ uaipec Ceniuil-TTloein^ 7 Concobufi hUa* 
^aiftmlesaixi* occifi func pefi "Cellac-TnoTDOiian. 

(CCemann* Congaile, oipcinneac Rof-oficep., faoi'o- 
cleii^ec, moiacu[u]f efc.*) 

fCal. Ian. [p.'' 1111., I. uii.^], CCnno "Oomini 1T)..° cc.° lxr.° 
11111.° "[-Ixxx." 1.°] 'Ca'Ss, mac Cacail ITlic "Oiafimaca, yii 
muili-Luiyis, fai n-einig 7 n-egnoma, quieuic in 
[ChyiifcoJ. — ^^Cac "Difitic-'oa-ciiic eceyi Conall 7 eogan, 
T)U 1 i;|xocaip^ T)omnall bUa 'Domnaill (le" hCCeti m- 

B, C, D. ' Co'fimac —Cormac, B, C, D. s-e om., B, C, D. This is a most 
extraordinary inisoonception. The compiler of the B text mistook com|iac, 
(^single) combat, for the persona,! name Cormac. Then, by substitution and 
omission, he makes Cormac (not Domnall) the slayer ; and says Cormac 
was challenged- ('D'ptia5lxa['D]), by Kobert (instead of Robert challenging 
Domnall) to combat. C and D follow B, but render 'D'ptia5|ia['&] by 
banishment ! The final clause C translates : "and Robert killed in that"; 
D : in quo Robertus oceisus fult. ^-^n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1277. i-ea^— , A. ^ moan, A. ' 0, A. ^-eag— , B. b 1280 
overhead, u. t. h., B ; alias 1280, n. t. h., C. "-"itl., u. t. h., A ; om., B, 

C, D. The first is the only entry given in D. ^'in. t. h. (nor the hand 
that made the previous additions), A ; cm., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1278. ^copc — , B. (Both readings are equally good.) ''1281, 
overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 12$1, n. t. h,, C. V" itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 0, D. 

O'Neaghten; whereupon Robert I Morrough, challenged him single 
O'Neaghten, brother of the said | combatt of band to hand, which 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 359 

combat was challenged by Robert TJa Nechtian, [namely] [1279] 
by the brother' of Murchadh TJa Nechtain, on Domnall 
and Robert was killed therein (by the same man in that 
combat). 

(Domnall/ son of Gilla-Crisd Ua Neachtain was killed (1276) 
by Aedh Ua Concheanainn.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 26th of the moon], a.d. [i280Bi8.] 
1277i[-80]. Aedh Ua Concobuir the Momonian (namely, 
king of Connacht at this time) was killed by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh (at the "Wood of the Stronghold). — Cathal, 
son of Concobur [Ua Conchobair] the Red, was made king 
by the Connachtmen). — John Ua Laidhig,^ bishop of 
Cell-aladh, rested in Christ.^ — Mail-Sechlainn Ua Gairm- 
leghaidh, chief of Cenel-Moein and Concobur Ua Gairm- 
leghaidh were slain by the Tellach-Modoran. 

(Edmond Congaile, herenagh of Ros-orcer, a learned (1277) 
cleric, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 7th of the moon], a.d. [1281] 
1278i[-81]. Tadhg, son of Cathal Mac Diarmata, king of 
Magh-Luirg, eminent for hospitality and prowess, rested in 
Christ. The battle of Disert-da-crich [was fought] 
between [Cenel-]Coua[i]ll and [Cenel-]Epga[i]n, where 
fell Domnall Ua DomnailP (by Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny 



the said Daniel answered and killed 

Robert also." Mageoghegan, 1279. 

The F. M. also understood it 

rightly («rf are.). 

(1276) ' Domnall, etc.— Given in 
the A. L. C. and F. M. at 1279. 

[1280] ^12^1^. — ^The entries of 
the (textual) year 1277, with the 
exception of the last, are given in 
ih.eA.L. C. under 1280. 

2 Ua Laidhig.—0-a. Deo. 9, 1280, 
letters of licence to elect were 
issued to the Dean and Chapter of 
Killala, who had notified the death 



of J[ohn], their late bishop {D. I., 
II. 1770). They elected Donatus 
[^Donnohadh], the dean, who 
receiyed the royal assent, April 16, 
1281. {lb. 1816.) 

The events of this year are ac- 
cordingly three years predated. 

[1281] i/^7<?. = 1281 of the 
A. L. O. 

^ Ua Domnaill. — This, very pro- 
bably, is the Oudonnildus, whose 
proclaimed head Thomas de Maun- 
deville caused to be carried to the 
Exchequer, Dublin ; for which the 



360 



aMMala ularoTi. 



A 63b 



B 63a 



bui-oe hUa Weill 7 le TDac TTlaiiicin'), i-oon/ peji -oaia'- 
palla-DUfi Pia-TDanac 7 Oiifitialla 7 uiirii6|i 5"™®^ 
Conracc 7 Ulaxi, accmax) bee 7 Pia-biaeipns tiile. In 
t^-en ^haiTieli^ob' ^e'p.xi e1nec7 0l|^ecuf ; peicem coiT;cenn 
1a)icaifi na heoyipa. Ocuf a axinacul 1 Tnainifcefi na 
m-bpacaia 1 n-T)oiiie Coluim-cille, ap, m-bifieic buaxia 
j;ac tule rfiaic[i]tifa. Ocuf af ^av yo ba pefifi -Domap.- 
bat) ann : i-oon, TTlaeli'iuaTiais Oaipll, uaif ec na cpi 
vuai; 7 Gojan, rnae ■mail--c8heclainn hUi TDomnaill 7 
Celiac tla^ buigill, in u-en uaipec poB' -pepia einec 7 
cifinacul (■Dobi") 1 n-aen ainrpip ppif 7 'gilta TTlac 
piannca'oa, caipec "Oayiupaigi 7 T)omnall TTlac ^ille- 
piiinnen, caipec TTlh«inncepi-peoT)aca[i]n 7* CCinT)iler 
baigill 7 "Oub^all, a mac 7 enna hUa' ^cfipmleasai-o, 
piSraifec* Cemuil-TTloein* 7 Copinac, mac m-o -piyileijinn 
hUi T)oninaill, uaipec ■pana[i]c 7 5illa-in-Choim-De5^ 
O TTlaelaDum, pi Luipg 7 Capmac, mac Capmaic htli 
"Domnaill 7 giUct-na-n-oc TTlac CalpeT)ocaip | 7 TTlael- 
Seclamn, mac Weill hUi bui^ill 7 CCmDilep, mac 
TDuipcepcaig bUi "Oomnaill 7 Triagnup TTlac Cuinn 7 
^illa-na-naem heoca5a[i]n 7 THuipcepcac hUa piaic- 
bepcaic 7 TTluipcepcac TTlac-m-Ullcaig 7 'Plaicbepcac 
TTlaj bui'Deca[i]n 7 T)aine mToa aili^ xio macaiB yiig 7 
caipec 7 "D'oglacaiB nac aipim^ep punn. — Cac ecep na 
baipe'oacaiB 7 in^ Cimpogac, du in pomebaii) ap na 
baipeT)acai15 7 -D'ap'raapbaxi*^ ann William baipexi | 7 
OCT)aiTi pieimenn 7 "oaine inroa aili^ 7 'ooba'Dup -Diap 
5ait)elac ap lee in Cimpogaig 'oocinnpec ap Beogacc 7 

2r;eix-m— (ff.pl.).B; erroneously. ^ 0, A. ^-TTIoan, A. "^lUan— (=5illa- 
iti— ), A.'eile, A; ii., B. 'an, A. ^ii., A, B. <> om., A. «itl., n. t. h., A;om., 
B, i fiig, itl., n. t. h., A. s-oo matiba'6 (tjo for -fio and the relative cm.), B. 



justiciary, De Folebume, bishop of 
Waterford, was twice commanded 
(Feb. 14, 16, 1283J to pay what was 



due to him (D. 1., II. 2049-51). If 
so, the textual date is three years 
in advance. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. ggi 

and by Mac Martain) ; namely, the man to whom were [I28i] 
subject Fir-Manach and Oirghialla and Tery great part 
of the Gaidhil of Connacht and Ulidia, save a Kttle and 
all Fir-Breifne. The one Gaidhel that was best of hospi- 
tality and principality; the general guarantor of the 
West of Europe. And he was buried in the Monastery 
of the Friars in Doire of [St.] Colum-ciUe after gaining 
victory of every goodness. And these were the best that 
were killed there : namely, Maelruanaigh O'Baighill, chief 
of "the Three Territories" and Eogan, son of Mail- 
Sechlainn Ua Domnaill and Cellach Ua Baighill, the one 
chief of his own time that was best of hospitality and 
bestowal and Gilla Mac Flannchadha, chief of Dartraighi 
and Domnall Mac Grille-Fhinnen, chief of Muinnter- 
Peodacha[i]n and Aindiles O'Baighill and Dubhghall, his 
son and Enna TJa Grairmleaghaidh, royal chief of the 
Cenel-Moein and Cormac, son of the Lector TJa Domnaill, 
chief of Fanat and Grilla-in-Choimdegh O'Maeladuin, king 
of Lurg and Carmac,^ son of Carmac^ Ua Domnaill and 
Gilla-na-noc* Mac Calredocair and Mael-Sechlainn, son of 
Mall TJa Baighill and Aindiles, son of Muircertach TJa 
DomnaiU and Maghnus Mac Cuinu and GiUa-na-naem 
0'Eochaga[i]n and Muircertach TJa Flaithbertaich and 
Muircertach Mac-in-TJlltaigh^ and Flaithbertach Mag 
Buidhecha[i]n and many other persons of the sons of 
kings and chiefs and of men-at-arms that are not reckoned 
here. — A battle [was fought] between the Barrets and 
the Cusack, where defeat was inflicted on the Barrets and 
whereby were killed William Barret and Adam Fleming 
and many other persons. And there were two Gaidhil on 
the side of Cusack who surpassed many of the other 



^ Carmac. — Eightly, Cormac. The 
I was assimilated to the a. 
* Gilla-na-noc. — Servant (devotee) 



of the mrgins. 

^ Mac-in- Ulltaigh. — Son of the 
Ultonian ; anglicized Mao Nuliy. 

2a 



362 



aw Mala ularoTi. 



ay^ larfiac ap. moyian vo -oainiB mliB,^ i-oon, "CaicLec 
"Oul5T)a 7 'Caiclec bmsill. 

■jCal. Ian. [p.'u., L xuni."], OCnno T)omini TTl." cc.° Iccx." 
ix.°''[-bcxx.°ii.°] "Caiclec, mac tnaeliiuanaish hUi 
T)liuBT)a, fii htla^-piacp.ac, in "otiine fiob' 1:61111 ei'nec 7 
egnuni 7 innfoip-D "do" ^aitielaiB 'Dobi 1 n-a arnififi," a 
mapba-D le hCC-oam Cimfog ap, T^paig Gocaille. — ^Lapaiifi- 
-pina, ingen Cacail cp.oib'De[i]p5, [in] ben pob' uaifle 1^ 
n-Gfimn 1'' n-a haimpiia,* quieuiu in [Chpifuo]. — ITlara 
(puax)^) Tlai5illai5 -do eg. — ^lUa-lpfU^ mop, TTlas 
'Chi5epna[i]n, t;aifec 'CheUai5-T)uncaT)a 7 leccpomdn 
na bpeipne, qmeuic in [Chpipijo]. — Cacal, mac ^illa- 
na-naem, hUa 'Pep,5ail qmeuit: in ChpipT;o.' — TTluipcep- 
cac ITlac TTlupcaTia, \\\ Laigen, vo mapbati ■do ^hallaib 
7 a -oepbpacaip (eile,^ iT)on^), CCp,^; TTlac 1Tlupcax)a. — 
Snecca mop, 7 1 ICC KlolUtic co peil bpi5T)i ipin blia- 
T>ain pi.'' 

ICal. 1an. [p.'' ui., I. ocxix."], CCnno "Oomini m.° cc.° locxcc.'" 
[-111.°] "Ca-os, mac T)omnaill Ippaip hUi Concobuip, t)0' 
mapbaT> la LuigniE— CCex) buTOe^ hUa Neill w mapbaxi 



Le Ulas TYlacgamna (it)on,° la 
[Ragallais]'.) 



bpian" 7" leip bUa 



'-t.15. B. 


iJ 1282, overhead, 


B, C, D. 


*-^i n-a TiticaTO — 


A ; om. 


B, C, D. lom., A. 



A.D. 1278. 851., A, B. 

A.D. 1279. '0, A. ^a, A. My-a, A. 
li. t. h., B ; alias 1282, n. t. h., C. '■' om., 
in her country, B ; cm., 0, D. ^ itl., n. t. h., A ; 
B-eitl., ii. t. h., A ; cm., B, C, D. ^om., B, C ; givea in D. 

A.D. 1280. 1 btii*i, B.— b 1283, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1283, n. t. 
h., C. '=-«itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. Given in D. ^-^tx. t. h., A ; om., 
C, D. The -word in square brackets is supplied from the Annals of Loch 
Ce(1283). 



[1282] '/i>7p=1282 of the 
A.L.C. 

^ Prop. — Supressor, D. 

^ Mac Mwchadha. — One of the 



charges brought against De Fole- 
burne, as justiciary, related to the 
head-money of these two Mao Mur- 
roughs. (Z). /., II. 1999, 2333-4; 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



363 



persons for courage and for dexterity, namely, TaicHech [1281] 
O'Dubhda and Taichlech O'Baighill. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 18th of the moon], a.b. [1282] 
1279i[-82]. Taichlech, son of Maelruanaigh Ua Dubhda, 
king of Ui-Fiachrach, the person of the Gaidhil that was 
best in hospitality and valour and attack in his time, 
was killed by Adam Ousack on the strand of Eothaill. — 
Lasairfhina, daughter of Cathal Red-hand [Ua Concho- 
bair], the woman that was noblest in Ireland in her time, 
rested in Christ. — Matthew (the Red) O'Raighillaigh 
died. — Gilla-Issu mor Mag Tigerna[i]n, chief of Tellach- 
Dunchadha and prop^ of Breifni, rested in Christ. — Cathal, 
son of Gilla-na-naem Ua Ferghail, rested in Christ. — 
Muircertach Mac Murchadha,* king of Leinster, was 
killed by the Foreigners and his (other) brother, (namely) 
Art Mac Murchadha [was killed by them]. — Great snow 
and frost from the Nativity [1281] to the feast of [St.] 
Brigit [Feb. 1] in this year. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 29th of the moon], a.d. [1283] 
1280i[-3]. Tadhg, son of Domnall Ua Conchobuir of 
Irras, was killed by the Luighni. — Aedh Ua Neill the 
Tawny^ was killed by Mag Mathgamna (that is, by Brian 
and by Ua Raghallaigh). 



III. 2.) From the date of No- 1999, 
(Ap. 29, 1282) the year in which 
thfly -were slain can be inferred. 

L1283] i7^&=»1283 of the 
A. L. C. 

'■'Aedh the Tawny. — Thus ampli- 
fied in D : Hugo Flauu», alias 
Eadh Boy O'NeiU, a quo dicitur 
Clanhuboy, omni eatimatione, po- 
tentia et principalitate dignns inter 
Hibernos sui temporis, ocoisus fuit 



per Mac Mahowny, nominatum 
Brien, hoc anno. 

It adds : Guerra crudelis inter 
Odonem O'Donill et sunm fratrem, 
Terleum, qui ooegit Odonem 
permanere in Tireonia, unde ipse 
O'Donill ileuastauit magnam par- 
tim Tireoniae. 

I have not found the original of 
the foregoing entry. 

2a2 



364 



aNMccLa ularoTi. 



A63o[Bis.] Ical. 1an. [p." tiii., L x.% CCnno T»OTnini TYl." ccnxccx." 
1.° "[-1111.°] TTluiiair hUa^ Concobuip, efpuc Oil-piTTO,^ in" 
CbifiifT;o quieuiT;." — ^Donnca^ hlla^ bjaiain, tii 'Cuax)- 
muman, "oo ma^^ba'D la 'Coi|i|itielbac hUa m-Oiaiain. — 
CCmlaum* 'Comolcais, T;o5a conpifunmci epifcopi Oil- 
pnn,^ quieuii; in [Chiaifco].'* — "Dubgall, mac Tnagnuipa 
liUi baigiU, coi|^ec CLoici-CiriiTpaelai'o, "do Tnafiba-D la 
muinncep. hlli TTlailsai^i. — TTlac na Tiai-oce^ TTlac* 
"Doficai-D, caifecCenitiil-Luacain (no°-"Ouacain°), quieuiz; 
in [ChfiifcoJ. 

(^illa-lfu' TTlac ■Cigefinain, apT) T:aifeac Cbinel- 
bfienainn, TTioifiuutif efc* — Wo,^5umax) tiiifie fo, fcilicec 
[CC.T).] 1281, TTlaca hUa Raisillaig, |X1 bpeipne.'^) 



B65b 



fCal Ian. [p." n, I. ccxi.*], CCnno "Domini TTl." cc.° lxxx.° 
11.° "[-11.°] Simon hUa^ Ruaitvc, efpuc na b|iei-pne, 
quieuii: in [Ch|iiipco. — tnaiTim "oo cabaiifiT; t)0 Tnagnuf 
bUa^ Concobui|i afi CCnam Cimpos 7 a\i ^allaitJ 1ap,caifi 
Connacx: ag Baf-xiaiaa, •du inafi'mapbaxi ■oaine imxia 7 
inayi'sabax) Colin Cimf 65, a "Deiabpacaip, a m-byiaigDenuf 
•DO cinn na plige'D -do lega-o ■do -pein, T;aiaeif a muinnceiai 
■00 mayibax) co mop. — ITlai'Dm'' zuc pilib TTlac ^^T" 
'De[i]lb, aifi muinnuep. TTlagnupa htli Concobuip ap 
Sliab-gam, sup'mapbaxp mopan -do glapla^ ann.° — Gnpi 

A.D. 1281. ^0, A. ^Oilepititi, A. 3-ci, A. ^TTlhccs— , B. "-^ Blank 
space, A, B. '•1284, overhead, n. t. h., B; rectius 1285, n. t. h., C. 
'-' ctuieuic iti [Chiaipco], B. ^-<ioin., B, C, D. «-»itl., t. h., B ; above the 
I of luacaiTi,iii A, the t. h. placed no, *D — or £> — , meaning that the word 
may have commenced with "0, not o. Hence the note in B. C has L ; 
D, "D. "n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. ss t. m., t. h., A ; cm., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1282. 1 0, A.— i- 1285, overhead, n. t. h., B ; rectius 1286, n. t. 
h., C. = = om., B, C, D. 



[1284] 
A. L. C. 



'isSi 



1284 of the 



'■' Ua Cmicholiuir See 1263 {- 

1265), note 3, supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



365 



Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 10th of the moon], a.d. [i284Bi8.] 
1281-'[-4]. Maurice Ua Conchobuir,^ bishop of Oil-finn, 
rested in Christ. — Donnchadh TJa Briain, king of Tho- 
mond, was killed by Toirdhelbach TJa Briain. — Amlaim 
O'Tomoltaigh, bishop-elect [and] confirmed^ of Oil-finn, 
rested in Christ. — Dubghall, son of Maghnus Ua Baighill 
chief of Cloch-Cinnfhaelaidh, was killed by the people of 
TJa Mailgaithi. — "Son of the night" Mac Dorchaidh, 
chief of Cenel-Luachain (or,-Duachain), rested in Christ.* 

(Gilla-Isu^ Mac Tigernain, arch-chief of Cinel-Brenainn, (1281) 
died. — Or, it may be on this year, namely, 1281,^ [the 
death of] Matthew TJa Eaighillaigh, king of Breifni 
[ought to be].) 



Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 21st of the moon], a.d. 
1282^[-5]. Simon TJa Euairc, bishop of Breifni [Kilmore], 
rested in Christ. — Defeat was given by Maghnus TJa 
Conchobuir to Adam Cusack and to the Foreigners of the 
West of Connacht at Eas-dara ; where were killed many 
persons ' and Colin Cusack, his brother, was taken in 
security, to allow [Adam] himself to go away, after great 
havoc had been made of his people. — Defeat was inflicted 
by Philip Mac Goisdeilb on the people of Maghnus TJa 
Conchobuir on Sliabh-gamh, so that many recruits 



[1285] 



' BisJiop-elect [and] coHj 
Literally, cAoj'ce of a confirmed bishop. 
(For the idiom, see 1126, note 2, 
supra.) His death took place after 
confirmation of the election (by the 
archbishop of Tuam) and before 
consecration. 

* In Christ. — D adds, from what 
source I know not : O'DoniU ad 
predandum inferiorem Conaciam 
inuasit earn et finite proposito re- 
diit victoriosus. 



(1281) 1 Gilla-Isu, eic— This is 
a repetition of the fourth entry of 
the textual year 1279(=1282), 
supra. 

2 /2<?/.— The obit of Ua Eaighil- 
laigh is given as the third item at 
1279(=:1282), supra. The A. L. C, 
call him chief of Muinter-Mael- 
mordha ,(t h e O'Reilly's o f 
Breifny) . 

[128*] 'z^fo=128oand 1286 of 
the A. L. C. 



366 



ccMMalcc ulaT)!!. 



A 63d 



|ii 8leilDe-l.U5a,T)0 maiaba'D la TTlac pieoiaaif ap aLoc pein. 
[CC.t). TT1.° cc.° Ixxx." ui.°] Sluag morv la hlajala Ulaxi 
1 Connaccu,^ 5U|i'itiiTI mopan do cellaiB 7 vo mainifciae- 
caiB. Ocup geyi'b'exi, "oogaB nei^u gac conaifi fiainic 7 
■DogaB biaaig-Di^ Connacc" 7° Conaill 7 6050111 7 TDoaicyxig 
T)omnall hUa IJeill (i-oon,'' "Oomnall, mac biaiain'*) 7 
cue pgi T)o Wiall Culanac htla^ Neill. — TTluipii" mael 
TTlac ^epailc quieuiuin [Chjaifco]. 

ICal. Ian. [p.* 1111., I. x.iii.'] CCnno "Oomim TTl." cc" 
Icracx." 111 ."'[-till."] TTlaca, mac TTltniasifa, mic Cacail, 
quieuii; in [Cbfiifco]- — "Oiapmaic" TTli-oec (mac* T)iap,- 
ma'oa, mic Cacail TTlic 'Diat^mo'Da, i-oon, |ii TTluinncifie- 
TTlailiiuanaiT)'') quietui; in Chfiifco-" — flloitiint; gibel- 
la[i]n,aiiCTOeocan Oil-pinn.pellfum eolaip7 mncliucca/ 
quieuic in [Chiaifco]. — ^^lla-na-nog TTlannaca[i]n, 
111 na 'Cuac, quieuic in Chfiifco. — Tnael-8eclainn,°mac 
■Comalcaig, ITlac Oijaeccaig -do mapbari la 'Coiiiia'Del- 
bac, mac eogain hUi Concobuiii, a ii-xiisailc a acaji no 
cyxesaTi "oo 'Comalcac cecna "do macaiB 'Uoitip'oelbais." — 
CCx)am Cimf65 quieuic in [Chjaifco]. — | Oean-TTluman, 
injen hUi Caca[i]n, moiauua efc. 

A.D. 1282. 2_ca^ A. ^-■oe, B. i-iitl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1283, 1 inc— , B. •> 1286, overhead, u. t.h., B ; alias 1287,n. t. h., 
)m., B, C, D. -J-iitl., n. t. h., MS. (A). 



C. "■' om 

^ Killed. — CruciatuB occisus est 
{ci-uciatus without warrant iu the 
original), D. The entry in the 
A. Z. C. states that he died a 
natural death. 

' Mac Fheorais. — Son of Pierce ; 
the Irish patronymic assumed by 
the Berminghams. The eponymous 
head was probably the Fierce 
mentioned [1305 J infra. 

[1286] ' A great host, etc. —This 
and the following entry are given 
in the A.' L. C. under 1286. 



Henceforward, down to 1309 of 
the text( = 1313), the dating is four 
years in advance. 

[1387] ^i2Sj= 1287 of the 
A. L. O. 

' Gilla-na-nog (devotee of the Vir- 
gins). — Gilla-na-neave {devotee of 
the saints), T>. 

^Rested in Christ. — On Sept. 7 
according to the A. L. C. This 
tends to prove that the text is four 
years inadvauce. In 1287, Sept. 7 
fell on Sunday. In 1283 it was 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



367 



were killed tterein. — Henry Mac Gille-Fhinnein was 
killed.^ — Euaidhri Ua Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was 
killed by Mac Fheorais^ on his own lake. 

[A.D. 1286]. A great hosti [was ledjby the Earl of Ulster 
into Oonnacht, so that he destroyed many of the churches 
and monasteries. And moreover, he obtained sway in every 
direction he went and received the pledges of Connacht 
[and Cenel-]Conaill and [Cenel-]Eogain. And he de- 
posed Domnall TJa Neill (namely, Domnall, son of Brian) 
and gave the king.^hip to Wiall Culanach Ua NeilL- — 
Maurice Fitz Gerald the Bald rested in Christ. 



[128S] 



[1286] 



Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 13th of the moon], a.d. 
1283i[-7]. Matthew, son of Maurice, son of Cathal [Mac 
Diarmata], rested in Christ. — Diarmait the Midian (son 
of Diarmad, son of Cathal Mac Diarmoda, namely, king 
of Muinnter-Mailruanaidh) rested in Christ. — Florence 
O'Gibellain, archdeacon of Oil-finn, distinguished in 
knowledge and intelligence, rested in Christ, — Gilla-na- 
nog^ 0'Mannacha[i]n, king of "The Territories," rested 
in Christ.^ — Mael-Sechlainn, son of Tomaltach Mac 
Oirechthaigh, was killed by Toirdhelbach, son of Eogan 
Ua Concobuir, in revenge of his father having been 
abandoned by the same Tomaltach to the sons of Toir- 
dhelbach.* — Adam Cusack^ rested in Christ. — Bean- 
Muman, daughter of Ua Catha[i]n, died. 



[1287] 



Tuesday, an incidence devoid of 

note. 

^ Sons of Toirdhelbach. — The 
editor of the A. L. O. suggests sms 
of Tomaltach; because, as the sen- 
tence stands, Toirdelbach takes 
vengeance on Tomaltach for having 
abandoned thefather of Toirdelbach 
to the sons of Toirdelbach. Per- 
haps, however, there existed a 



family feud between Toirdelbach 
and his father on the one side and 
the sons of Toirdelbach on the other. 

The F. M., as was their wont, 
omitted the passage containing the 
difficulty. 

* Cusack. — He died at the close of 
the year, as his name appears iu a 
EoU of receipt, Nov. 15, 1287. 
{D.L, III. 341.) 



368 



aMMttla ulaT)!!. 



[bif.] ]Cal. Ian. [p." u., L ccx.1111.,'] CCnno T)ortiitii m." cc.° 
locccx." iiii.°''[-uiii.''] ITlichael ITlac-iTi'-c-'paip, efpuc 
Clocaip, moiacuuf efv. — Tnagntif hUa Concobuiyi (tdoti," 
mac ConcuBaiii i^uait)"), maiaaen le puaifiTDO Connact;ai15 
7litIi-TnOiaiuin [hUa-JjConmaicnej'DOcecclaif'DojaBail 
pge Connacu -do pein. Ocuf "do hociaigaxi Caml iiuaxi, a 
"oeiabiiamiia 7 t;occ t>oiB^ co hCCc-SLifen, Tnup afioiBe 
Cacat CO n-a f ocpai-De 7 cumuf c "ooib lee ayi lee 7 Caeal 
'D0 5a15ailai5i''7maiT)m 'Docabaiiiea|iamuin[n]ee|i. Ocuf 
■Dohaifige-D uyiniop, Connacc 'do'ti^ "duI fin 711151 Connacc 
T)o gabail aia eigm T)0 Tnha|ntif. — "Donncaxi' fiia15ac, mac 
TTlajnufa, mic TTluiiacepcais bUi Concobuiia, quieuic m 
[Chfifuo].' — "Cec "DO jaBailap. TTlhasnuf hUa Concobtiiyi 
■DO 'Choifii'Delbac, mac ©o^ain hUi Concobuip, ifin Rof- 

B 600 m6iri 7 TTlo^nufDO Iot; ann 7 Uaglnall TTlac Ragnaill, 
T:aifec ■rnuint;e|ii-heolaif, -do mapbat) -o'en Ufctifi foi^'Di 
7 -Doloicefi Miall gelbuiTie hlla* Concobuifi 7 ■Domayiba'D 
T)aine aili^ 7 ■do Peanaix) eic maiui -diIS. — 81015° le 
TTIasnuf Coricobuifi ap, eiy a leigif a Sil-muip.ex)ai5, 
Sup-'sab a neiat; 7 a m-bfiaigxie. — Sluag leipan lafila 
(ixion,* an c-lapla puaxi') T)ocum Connaci;, co caini'c co 
Uof-comain 7 cum TDasnufa hUi Concobuiia, ]l^ Cbon- 
nacc 7 1 n-a'Dai5 muinrepi in ^115 7 Tnic" ^epailc 7 'oo- 
5|ieannai5eT)Ufi in T:-1ap,laim cocu pecafin 7 ni coyiyiacc 
icejo. 8501 lif a fluag 7 a f ocp-aitie 5an cenn "oo 50601 1. " 
— Sceapan, ap-Defpuc 'Cuama 7 ^lUfiJif na hSpenn, in 

A.D. 1284. ' an, B. ^•DaiB, A. ^tjo (stroke over 0=11 omitted by 
oversight), A. * 0, A. Mi., A, B. ^^ac, MS. (A;. " aZias 1287, over- 
head, n. t. h., B ; alias 1288, n. t. h,, C ; 1288, on margin, D. "■" iti., 
n. t. h.. A; om., B, 0, D. ^ awn— in that {place), B. «-»om., B, C, D. 
'■' itl.. n. t. h., 



.MS. 



[ 1288]. ' 12S4 = 1288 of the 
A. L. C. 

"^Michael, efc— See (1268) notes 
1, 2, supra. 

^ Stephen.— Ve Folebume. He 



was transferred from Waterford 
(which he had held since 1274) by 
Honorius IV., July 12, 1286 
(Theiner, p. 135-6) and died before 
July, 1288. A notable memoran- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 359 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 24th of the moonj a.d. [1288 Bis 1 
1284i(-8]. MichaeP Mac-in-tshair, bishop of Clochar, 
died. — Maghnus Ua Ooncohuir (namely, son of Concubhar 
the Red), along with what he got to join him of the 
Connachtmen and of the TJi-Briuin and of Conmaicni, 
came to take the kingship of Connacht to himself. And 
Cathal the Red, his brother, was deposed. And they 
came to Ath-Slisen, where Cathal was with bis force and 
they fought side for side and Cathal was taken by him 
and defeat inflicted on his people. And yery large part 
of Connacht was harried on that occasion. And the king- 
ship of Connacht was taken by force by Maghnus. — 
Donnchadh the Swarthy, son of Maghnus, son of Muir- 
certach Ua Concobuir, rested in Christ. — A house was 
seized on Maghnus Ua Conchobuir by Toirdhelbach, son 
of Eogan Ua Conchobuir, in Ros-mor and Maghnus was 
injured therein and Raghnall Mac Raghnaill, chief of 
Muinnter-Eolais, was killed by one shot of an arrow and 
Niall Ua Conchobuir the Tawny was injured and other 
persons were killed. And good horses were taken from 
them. — A host [was led] by Maghnus O'Conchobuir after 
his healing into Sil-Muiredhaigh, so that he obtained sway 
over them and [obtained] their hostages. — A host [was 
led] by the Earl (namely, the Red Earl) to Connacht, 
until he came to Ros-Comain and to Maghnus Ua Con- 
chobuir, king of Connacht and against the people of the 
king and Fitz Gerald. And they challenged the Earl to 
go beyond that and he went not accordingly. He dis- 
perses his host and his force without obtaining sway. — 
Stephen,^ archbishop of Tuaim and Justiciary of Ireland, 



dum of the chattels belonging to 
him found in Tuam and Athlone 
was made in the beginning of that 
month. (Z)./., III. 406.) For his 
doings from his arrival in Ireland 
as " brother of the Hospital of St- 



John of Jerusalem in England " 
(ib., II. 886) ia 1270 to his death 
as justiciary, see the references 
under Foleliurne ; Waterfordi 
Brother Stephen (ib. II. ) ; Waterford, 
Stephen; Tuam, Stephen [ib. 111.). 



370 



awNalcc ulcroti. 



A 64a 



Chpifco quieuir. — Cacat mac 'Cai'Sg, mic Cauail TTlic 
"Diapmnca, -do gaBml yiigi TTluisi-Luiias- — Uilliam TYlac 
■pheofiaif, 'DO co5a[f(] cum aiia'Defpocoi'De Tuama. 

jCal. Ian. [p." uii., I. u.,"] CCnno T)omini Tn.°cc.° lxxx.° 
u°\-tx.°] "Ca-Dg hUa pLanna5a[i]n, uaifec CLainni- 
Cacail, quieuir; in [Chiaifuo]. — Tllaca Sgingm, aifix)- 
fencait) Gfienn uile, mopriuuf efc. — TTIilef, efpuc Con- 
maicne, iDon, in ^aillefpuc, quieuic in [Chpifco]. — 
Simon hUa^ pinacua, aiiacmnec Oil-pinn, quieuir in 
[Chfiifxro]. — I Sluasa-D la Tlica|XT) T)iuit) 7 le ^ctllctib 
na TTli'De — yTYla^nuf hUa Con cob ui p., p.! Connacc, leif — 
cum [tl]i TTlail-[8h]eclainn, co rucax) mai-om motx opifia^ 
(iT)on,° maiT)m in CiT.oif-flei13e°) 7 pomayibaxi UicGia-o 
"OiuiT) ann, in baiaun moiauapal" 7 a biaaiujaeca 7 Secuf 
hUa Cellai^, i-oon, mac in eppuic. — piacyxa htla piainn, 
caifec S1l-Tna1l|^uana15, in c-aen "ouine' yiob' pepp, emec 
7 egnom 7comaipceT)obi 1 ConnaccaiB, T)p°T)ulx)otienum 
cleamnupa pe ^allail!), gup'mapb mac Ricaipt) pinn a* 
bupc 7 TTlac UiUiam 7 TTlac pheopaip 1 me15ail e. — • 

A.D. 1285. iQ, A. =orica, A. ^-ni, B. "1289, overhead, n. t. h., 
B ; alias 1289, n. t. h., B ; 1289, on margin, D. The TTlilep item is 
omitted in D. '^"l. m., t. h., A, B ; om., C, D. ''tnoiT, B ; followed by C. 
" a — his, B. 'om., A 



* Elected. — Having gone to Rome 
for the purpose, he got his election 
confirmed by Nicholas IV., May 2, 
1289. (Theiner, p. 142-3.) There- 
upon, he was promoted from sub- 
deaconship to deaconship and em- 
powered (May 26) to receive priest's 
Orders from any bishop he should 
chose (ti. 144). On the same day 
the bishops of Killala and Clonfert 
■were directed, either of them, with 
two other suffragans, to give him 
episcopal consecration (ib.). 



In addition to being rector of 
Athenry in Tuam, he held a bene- 
fice in Cashel, KiUaloe and Killala 
respectively ! To discharge the 
church debts of Tuam and support 
the archiepiscopal dignity, he was 
allowed (Aug. 6, 1289) to retain 
these four preferments for three 
years and to receive one year's re- 
venue of every benefice vacated 
during the threeyearsnext ensuing, 
due provision being made for the 
cure of souls. The bishops of Lis- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



371 



rested in Christ.— Cathal, son of Tadbg, son of Cathal 

Mac Diarmata, took the kingship of Magh-Luirg. 

William Mac Fheorais [Bermingham] was elected* to the 
archbishopric of Tuaim. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 5th of the moon,] a.d. 
1285i[-9]. Tadhg TJa Flannaga[i]n, chief of Clann- 
Cathail, rested in Christ. — Matthew O'Sgingin, arch- 
antiquary of all Ireland, died. — Miles,^ bishop of Con- 
maicni [Ardagh], namely, the Foreign bishop, rested in 
Christ. — Simon TJa Finachta, herenagh of Oil-finn, rested 
in Christ. — A hosting by Richard Tuit [of Athlone] and 
by the Foreigners of Meath — and Maghnus TJa Conchobuir, 
king of Connacht, [was] with him — to [attack] TJa Mail- 
[S]echlainn, so that a great defeat (namely, the defeat of 
Crois-sliabh) was inflicted upon them. And Richard Tuit, 
the great, noble Baron was killed^ therein, as well as his 
kinsmen and Jacques TJa Cellaigh, namely, the son of the 
bishop.* — Fiachra Fa Flainn, chief of Muinnter-Mail- 
ruanaigh, the best person for hospitality and prowess and 
protection that was in Connacht, went to n^ake marriage 
alliance with the Foreigners, so that the son of Richard 
de Burgh the Fair and Mac William [de Burgh] and 
Mac Fheorais killed him in treachery. — A great host [was 



[12881 



[1289] 



more and Killaloe were to execute 
the terms of the concession ifb. p. 
14.5). 

[1289] '128s = 1289 of the 
A. L. C. 

''Miles Of Dunstable. Ap- 
pointed at the close of 1255, or 
early in 1256. (i». Z, II. 486.) As 
the temporalities were restored to 
his successor, Matthew, canon of 
Ardagh, Jan. 28, 1290 (J6. III. 



574), Miles, it can scarcely be 
doubted, died in 1289. The text 
is consequently four years pre- 
dated. 

^Killed. — From a grant of cus- 
tody of his lands and tenements 
issued Sept. 2, 1290 {D. I., III. 
764), it may be inferred that Tuite 
was slain in that year, 

* Bishop.— Thoma.B O'Kelly, of 
Clonfert, who died in [1263], supra. 



;72 



aNMaccc ularoTi. 



Sluag mop. le TTlac ■pheofiaif cum in* Chalbaig hUi 
Concobuiifi 7 na mac^ pig Laignec,^ co t:ucat) maiDm mop 
i:oppo 7 gup'mapbaTi TTlailip "o'eipeupa 7 ^o'l-^ imT>a 
aib^ 7 eic imt)a t)0 buam -oe. 

ICaL Ian. [p." 1, 1, acui."], CCnno TDomim TTl." cc.° Iccccx," 
ui.°''[-xc.°] Uilbam ITlac pbeopaip "DO gaBail apxieppo- 
coiTje ['Cuamtf]. — In c-eppoc btla^ 8e'Deca[i]n, Toon, 
eppuc Cille-mic-n'Duac, quieiiiu in [Clipipco]. — Caipppi 
B 65d hUa inail[-8h]eclainn, pi TniTie, in mac|am ip moipg- 
mmaici^ T)obi 1 n-Gpinn 1 n-a aimpip, 'do mapba'B (le" 
ima[c] Coclan''). — Sluaileti lalDomnall, mac bpiain hUi 
Neill 1 Ceinel-n 60501 n, gup'cuip 'Nialb hUa^ Neill 
(iT)on/ Miabl Culanac") afi 015111 eipci 7 5up'5ab fein 
P151 ap lop a lama. — CCexi hUa^ "Domnaill -do acpiga'D 
■o'a -oepbparaip pein, i-oon, 'oo 'Caipp'Selbac hUa^ 'Dom- 
naill, cpe cumaccain cini'o a macap, I'Don, Clainni- 
"Oomnaill 7 ^alloglac n-im'oa oile* (7° P151 vo 5a15ail "oo 
pain ap ei5in''). 

(hoc' anno lohannep t)e lantia, ppauep Opxiinip Ppe- 
"Dicaropum, aucuopem qui "oicicup Cacholicon 
peppeciu, peu av pinem pep-ouxit;, Monip TTlapcii.') 

A.D. 1285. ^an, B. "mic (whioli is meaningless), B. ^-eaca. A; 
-eca, B. The sense requires the g-en. pi. ''eile, A; i1., B, 

A.D. 1286. 10,A. ^-mgt, B. sq, B. »eile, A; 11., B. ''1290, over- 
head, n. t, h., B ; alias 1290, n. t. h., C ; 1290, on margin, D. " Given 
in D. Cf. the last item of 1284. Here in A, 1. m., t. h., is : annpo cic 
fwo tnaf — Here [under this year] comes tlmt [entry regarding Mac Feorais 
given] above [under isS^I. a-d itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. " On text 
space, n. t. h., A ; om. , B, C, D. 



* De Exeter. — His name appears 
in a Roll of receipt. May 10, 1289 
(D. I., III. 475) ; which confirms 
the accuracy of the Loch Ce date. 

[1290] 1 /3S6 = 1290 of the 
A. L. G. 

^ [David]. — Elected app arently 



in 1284 (Z). J., II. 2182). "David, 
bishop of Kilmaoduagh," appears 
in a Eoll of receipt, May 20, 1286 
(ib.. III. 215). Nicholas, canon of 
the church, having announced the 
death of David, licence to elect 
was granted, June 13, 1290 (ib., 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



373 



led] by Mac Fheorais against the Calbacli Ua Concobuir [1289] 
and tbe sons of Ibe tings of Leinster, so that great defeat 
was put upon them. And Meyler de Exeter^ and many 
other Foreigners were killed and many horses were taken 
from him. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 16th of the moon,J a.d. [1290] 
1286i[-90]. William Mac Fheorais took [possession of] 
the archbishopric of Tuaim. — The bishop [David]^ Ua 
Sedechain, namely, bishop of Cell-mic-Duach, rested in 
Christ. — Cairpri Ua Mail-[S]echlainn, king of Meath, 
the most noble-deeded youth that was in Ireland in his 
time, was killed^ (by Ma[c] Cochlan). — A hosting by 
Domnall, son of Briain Ua Neill, into Cenel-Eogain, so 
that he put ITiall Ua Neill (namely, Niall Culanach) by 
force therefrom and took the kingship himself by power 
of his force. — Aedh Ua Domnaill was deposed by his own 
brother, namely, by Toirdhelbach Ua Domnaill, through 
the power of the tribe of his mother, namely, the Clann- 
Domnaill and many other Gallowglasses* (and he took the 
kingship to himself by force). 

(This year John of Genoa,i Friar of the Order of (1286) 
Preachers, perfected, or brought to end, the Author that 
is called Caiholicon, on the Kones [7th] of March.) 



680). The textual date is thus four 
years in advance. 

^Killed. — Treacherously, accord- 
ing to the A. L. C. 

* Gallowglasses. — Literally, Fo- 
reign youth (a collective substan- 
tive).. See Grace's Annals {Ir. 
Arch. Soc), p. 71. 

(1286) ^John of Genoa.— John 
De Balbis, a Dominican, born in 
Genoa. Of the Catholicon, Quetif 
and Echard {Script. Ord. Praed., 
p. 462) write : Opus continet Or- 
thographiam, Profsodiam, Gram- 



maticam, Ehetoricam, ^ Etymolo- 
giam ; proptereaque dioitur Catho- 
licon, id est, opus universale. Cuius 
potissima pars est Vocabularium 
voces omnes primae, mediae et 
infimae Latinitatis complectens. 
Titulus in oodicibus, qua manu- 
scriptis, qua impressis : Incipit 
Summa, quae vocatur Catholicon., 
ecUta a F. Joanne de Janua, Ord. 
F. Pi Ad calcem ; Immensas om- 
nipotenti Deo Patri et Filio et 
Spiritui Sanoto gratiarumreferimus 
actiones, qui nostrum Catholicon ex 



374 



ccMNala ula-oti. 



A 64b 



ICal. Ian. (p.," 11., I. ccx.uii.*), CCnno "Domini m.° cc.° 
Ixccoc." tiii.i.°''[-xc-i.°] 'Coifiiaxielbac, mac Goj^ain hUi Con- 
cobuip, in •DUine ^f mo 7 if° aiUe 7 p-ob' -pepp. einec 7 
egnom 7 copcufi^ "oobi 1 n-eyiinn, •oo'^mayiba'D la 'Miall n- 
gelbuiTie hUa Concobuip. — Sluag le RicafiT) a bup.c, le 
h1ap,la tllaxp (iT)on,° in c-1ap,la |iUa'D°), 1 "Ciifi-neosain, 
"o'aifi'acjiig fe "Domnall, macPfiiain htli Neill 7'D0|ii5a'D 
leif Miall Culanac 0' NeiU' 7mup T)opa5^in u-1apla in 
cifi, T)omap,baTi Ni'all Culanac le "Domnall hUa Neill. 
Ocuf -oopisa-D a hucc an lajxla cecna le nflac maiyvcin 
7 le TTIac Bom mac (Xexia buTOe bUi Neill (TOon," 0)aian, 
mac CCe-oa bui-be") 7 fiopagaiB "Oomnall in tifi. — Sluag 
leifin I laplai "Ciix-Conaillcum 'Coiyipxielbais, sufi'aips 
in ci|i, ecep, cill 7 t;uaiu 7 co T;aintc 1 ConnaccaiB^ co 
bOil-pinn 7 CO t;ucaxiuiT. Connacca pelbfiaigDe no. — 

A.D. 1287. ^-giiTi, A. ^_5ai!5,B. Mca, B. " 1291, overhead, u.t.h., 
B ; alias 1291 n. t. H., C ; 1291 onmargin, D. "-"fiob' — that was, B. " a 
—fiis,B. «-»itl., n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. ffom., B, C; given in D. 



luultis et diversis doctorum textu- 
ris elaboratum atque contextum, 
licet per multa annorum curricula, 
in M.CC.LXXX.VI. Anno Domini, 
Nonia Martii, ad fiuem usque per- 
duxit. 

The ooncluding words shew that 
the person who made the additional 
entry at this year had the CatJiolicon 
before him. 

Erasmus pokes fun at the Catho- 
licon in the Synodus Grammalicorum: 
Albinus : Quinam erant [llbri] p 
Bertulphus : Oh, praeclari omnes : 
CathoHcon, etc. (Erasmi Colloquia, 
Amstelodami, Typ. Lud. Elzevirii, 
1650, p. 417.) 

Its chief interest lies in the fact 
that it was, according to Trithe- 
mius, the first example of block 



printing. Treating of John of 
Guttenberg and John Eust, he 
says {Chron. Hirsaug. wlan'. 1460) : 
Imprimis igitur characteribus lit- 
terarum in tabulis ligneis per 
ordinem scriptis forniisque compo- 
sitis vooabularium Catholion nun- 
capatum impresseruut : sed cum 
iisdem f ormis nihil aliud potuernnt 
inscribere, etc. Six other additions 
of the work appeared up to 1506. 
The Authors of the Histoire 
Litte'-aire de la France do not fail 
to turn bis confession to account : 
Balbide Geiies,run deplas c^l^bres 
grammariens dont I'ltalie put alors 
s'euorgueiUir, avoue qu'il ne sait 
pas bienlalangue d'Hom^re ; mihi 
non bene suienti linguam Graecura 
[sic] (p. 142). 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



375 



Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 27th of the moon,) a.d. 
]287i[-91]. Toirdhelbach, son of Eogan Ua Concobuir, 
the person who was greatest and handsomest and who was 
best of hospitality and prowess and triumph that was in 
Ireland, was killed by Niall Ua Concobuir the Tawny. — 
A host [was led] by Eichard de Burgh [namely] by the 
Earl of Ulster (that is, the E,ed Earl) into Tir-Eogain, 
whereby he deposed Domnall, son of Brian Ua NelU and 
Niall Culanach CNeill was made king by him. And when 
the Earl left the country, Niall Culanach was killed by 
Domnall Ua Neill. And the son of Aedh^ Ua Neill the 
Tawny (namely, Brian, son of Aedh the Tawny) was made 
king, with assent of the same Earl, by Mac Martin and by 
Mac Eoin. And Domnall left the country. — A host [was 
led] by the Earl into Tir-Conaill against Toirdhelbach 
[Ua Domnaill], so that he harried the country, both church 
and territory. And he came into Connacht (o Oil-finn 
and the Connachtmen gave deceptive pledges^ to him.— 



[1291] 



[129i;i 1 i-i',5'7 = 1291 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Sonof Aedh — (namely, Brian). — 
The collocation of the subject (after 
the agent) has led the authors of 
C and D astray. C gives : "And 
was made king after by the 
consent of the Earle aforesaid by 
Mac Martin and Mac Eoin Mao 
Hugh Boy O'Neale." Eead " The 
son [mac] of Hugh Boy [rte Tawni/'] 
was made king," etc. D has: 
Bernardus [recte, Brianus], filius 
Odonis Flauui, regnauit authorltate 
Comitis et per institutionem Mag 
Martin et Macke Euoyne, filiura 
Odonis Flaui. Mac Eoin and mac 
Aedlia are here erroneously taken to 
be in apposition. 

A scribal error, which passed un- 



noticed by the editor, occurs in the 
A. L. C. (1291). The person who 
was made king is called Niall, son 
of Aedh. In the entry of his death 
at 12S5 in the same Annals, he is 
rightly named Brian, son of 
Aedh. 

' Deceptive pledges. — That is, they 
intended neyertbeless to cast oShis 
authority as soon a^ they could ; C 
makes an extraordinary blunder in 
this place : " Connaght made him 
the Feast of St. Briget I " That is, 
fel, deceit is taken for /eiV, feast 
and braighde, pledges, for Brighde, 
gen. of Brigit, a personal name. D 
also errs : Inhabitantes tradiderunt 
eidem viles tantum obsides. The 
F. M. omit fel, which is the chief 
word. 



376 



ttMMala ulcroli. 



Concobup. hUa T)u6T)a, ifii hUa-piacyiac,* vo baca'o at^ in 
c-Sinmnn. — Comcosbail vo ■oenum tdo Chacal htia 
Concobuiyi 7 'oo Miall gebbuiTie 7 vo luccgaca coimeiiisi 
v'a fimbe acu, et;eifi ^allaiB 7 gcfitielailS, 'o'aiciaiga'D 
IDagnuf a 7 imi^efain -do uabaific -0016 1 Caiaai-o-CulaitTD 
(aliaf°-Chulifriaile°). OcUf Caml'oo loc ann 7 Tnu|ica'D, 
mac 'Cai'Dg hUi Concobtnp, -Domapba-D ann 7 'oaine eile 
7 eic imt)a T)0 Buam t)0 ifiuinnceia ITlagnufa 7 mai'oni 
■DO cabaific ofi pem 7 a "oul ap po laim 7 cp,eca moi^a vo 
xientini "do muinnuep, Cacail [U]! Concobuifi 7 tio MiabL 
gelbui-De ap, n-guin Cacail 1 Caipppi. Ocup TTlagnuf 
Conco15aip, ap. cecc "oo Shil-TTluiifiexiaig CU151 7 a aef^ 
B 66a 51^aT)a fein 7 5all[aiB] Tlofa-|Comain -o'a -poiiaicin a\i 
naniapac ap eif in ma'Dtna, t;ocz; -do 1 n-ai|ificif® na cfiec' 
itti" bfieic* 150 ipofiiao a|i. Siiac-in-peiT,ain[n] ■po'n'' CCenac, 
in ciaec uile "DO buain -diB 7 'Miall pein "do xiul afi eipn 
ap 7 'Comaf TTlac ^oip-oelb tdo majiba'D ann 7 a bjaacaip, 
T)ai15i-c TTlac ^oipcelB, -do gabail ann 7 a mayiba'D ipin 
laitn pin' 7 mopan aile^ xio'n c-plog pin -do mapba'D ann, 
ecep ^allaiB 7 ^ai-oelaiB. Ocup cecc "do Niall ap pic 
apT:ip 7 a pepann pein -do cabaipt: -do. "Dopigneti' euep- 
capaic mop 7 innlac aT)15ul ecuppu : puabaipcin cipcDO 
^a15ail "DO Niall; cpec mop do -oenum vo TTlhasnup ap 
■Ni'all 7 a apjain uile.'' — CCeti hUapaUamain quieuiuin 
[Chpipco]. — Conjalac TTlds eoca5a[i]n,caipec Cene[oi]l- 
pbiacai-D, mopuuup epi:. 

(bpian" ■piainn, pi O-'Cuip'cpi, occippup epc. — 
"Coippxiealbac hUa T)omnaill tdo acpisa-D r>'a bpacaip 
A.D. 1287. ^0—, A. s „e^c( (gen.) A. "-pr, A. ' eile, A ; 11, B. 
8-8 ocu-p byiec — and (he) overtook, B ; followed by C, B. " ■poyv am — upon 
the, B. > cecna— Me same, B, C. Ji om., B, C, D. ^-^ n. t. h., A ; cm., 
B, 0, D. 



^Seci'etly. — Literally (as rendered 
in C), under hand. It means that lie 
was not recognised. Pauore, potius 
quam propria Industrie, euaeit, D. 

^ Maghnus. — Here, by the native 
idiom, nom. absolute. 



^ With, difficulty.— "Hsonpei 
hardly," C ; valide, licet fugiendo, 
euasit, D. 

(1287). ^Bnan.— This item is 
in the F. M. (who have died, instead 
of was slain') at 1291, The other 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 377 

Concobur Ua Dubhda, king of TJi-Fiaclirach, was drowned [1291] 
in the Shannon. — A general muster was made by Catbal 
Ua Concobuir and by Niall the Tawny and by all the folk 
that they bad capable of rising out, both Foreigners and 
Gaidhil, to depose Magbnus. And they gave battle in 
Caradh-Culainn (otherwise, [Caradh]-Chulmaile) and Catbal 
was injured therein and Murchadh, son of Tadhg Ua Con- 
cbobuir and otber persons [were killed there]. And many 
horses were taken from the people of Maghrius and defeat 
was inflicted upon himself and he went therefrom secretly.* 
— And many preys were made by the people of Cathal Ua 
Conchobuir and by Niall the Tawny [in revenge] for tbs 
wounding of Cathal in Cairpre. And Magbnus^ O'Con- 
cobbair, when tbe Sil-Muiredaigb came to him and [when] 
bis own retinue and the Foreigners of Ros-Comain [came] 
to bis aid on tbe morrow after the defeat, be went to the 
rescue of the preys. On his overtaking them at Srath-in- 
f herainn and close by the Aenach, all the prey was taken 
from them and Niall bimself escaped with difficulty^ there- 
from. And Thomas Mac Goistelb was killed tbere and his 
kinsman, David Mac Groistelb, was captured tbere and 
much more of that host, both Foreigners and Gaidbil, was 
killed tbere. And Niall came, on peace [being made], into 
the country and his own land was given to him. Great 
recrimination and contention [however] happened between 
tbem : tbe direction of the country was assumed by Niall ; 
a great foray was made by Magbnus on Niall and he was 
completely despoiled by bim. — Aedh Ua Fallamhain 
rested in Christ. — Congbalacb Mag Eocbaga[i]n, chief of 
Cenel-Fiachaidb, died. 

(Brian! Q'Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtri, was slain. — (i287) 
Toirdhealbacb Ua Domnaill was deposed by his own kins- 



two entries are in the A. L. C. 
under 1^91. Perhaps the Conti- 
miator placed them here, though 
at the wrong year, because they 



were given at the same date as the 
foregoing textual events in the 
source whence he drew. 

2b 



378 



aNNttla uLoroti. 



-pein, TOon, •o'CCe-o hlla T)oninaill 7 1^151 -do jaBail tdo 
pein ap-if.— CCe-Dp,u TTlhasi-ia^, abb na 'Cfiinoi'oe ai;i loc- 
Che, in Chfiifco quieuiT:.") 

[bif.] Ical. Ian. [p." 111., I. ix.,'] CCnno "Oomim m .° cc" Iccxx." 
tiiii.°''[-xc.ii.''] Sluag" lefin lafila ceT;na ctrni Tnajntifa, 
no CO fiamic co Rof-Comam 7 T)OiTn[€]ic jjan bpai^TDe, 
son neiiTJ T)o'n T;ui(\tif fin. Tlolen imopifio ITIasnuip in t;- 
lafila CO nniTiU5 7 wyiisne a oigifieip. ann.° — ^Donncaxi, 
mac eogain hUi Concobuip., quieuic in [Chiaifco]. — 
SoTTiaifliX) ^aifimlesaixi tio mafibax) la hUa^ 'NeiU. — • 
Miall gealbuiTie hUa Concobuiifx -do mnaiaba-D -do "Cbaxis, 
iTiac (Xinn|iiaf hUi Concobuii^ 7 -00 'Chuacal, mac TTluip- 

AG4o cepcais. — mag Cocla[i]n, pi "OelBna, tdo mafba-D | vo 
8hipn ITIac pheoriaif cpe Tpop-soll in^ lajxla. — CCin-oilep 
'DocatiT;ai5, caifec CCiaT)a-nnix)aiifi, quieuic in Chpfco. 

jcal. Ian. [p" u., L xx.,"] CCnno 'Domini TYl." cc.° lxxx.° 
ix.°''[-xc.° 111.°] TTlasnuf hUa Concobuiyi, pi Connacc yie' 
coic^ bliaxina co leic, in -pep ■oenma pixia 7 cagai-D pobo 
mo spain 7 cofgup. 7 pob' pepp ei'nec 7 egnom 1 n-a 
aimpip pein tio ^bai-DelarB, lap m-beic "do paici 1 n- 
galap, mopcuup epc. — Caml hUa Concobuip vo mapba-o 
-do Tluai-Dpi, mac 'Donnca'Da piaBai^. — Cacal pua-o hUa 
Concobuip (iT)on/ mac Concubaip puaixi'^) "oo gaBail pigi 
Connacc lap n-gabail CCe-oa, mic Gojain. Ocup Cacal 
cecna -00 mapbaTi 1 cinn pai^i -do Ruai-opi, mac "Donn- 
cax>a piaBaig hUi Concobuip 7 CCcti, mac eo^ain, "oo 

A.D. 1288. '0, A. =^an, A. ^1292, overhead, n. t. h., A; alias 

1292, n. t. h., C ; 1292, on margin, T>. « = om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1289. ' .u. (the Latin equivalent used here and elsewhere as 
contraction). A, B. ''1293, overhead, u. t. h., B; alias 1293, n. t. h., C' 

1293, onmargin, D. " om. (probably b)"- mistake), A. ''•''itl., u. t. h., 
A ; om., B, 0, D. 



2 THnity. — The Premonstraten- 
sian abbey, Trinity Island, Loch 
Ce. 



[1292] i7^^a'=1292 of the 
A. L. C. 

'Son of Andrew, — D adds : mio 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



379 



man, namely, by Aedh TJa Domnaill and the kingsMp was [1291] 
taken by himself again. — Aedru Magrath, abbot of the 
Trinity"^ in \_lit. on] Loch-Che, rested in Christ.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 9th of the moon,] a.d. [1292 Bis." 
1288^[-92]. A host [was led] by the same Earl against 
Maghnus [Ua Conchobair], until he reached E,os-Oomain, 
and he went without hostage, without sway, on that ex- 
pedition. Maghnus, however, followed the Earl to Miliug 
and complied with his full demand there. — Donnchadh, 
son of Eogan Ua Conchobuir, rested in Christ. — Somhair- 
lidh O'Gairmleghaidh was killed by Ua Neill. — Niall Ua 
Conchobuir the Tawny was killed by Tadhg, son of 
Andrew^ Ua Conchobuir and by Tuathal, son of Muircer- 
tach. — Mag Cochla[i]n, king of Delbna, was killed by 
Sifin Mac Feorais [Birmingham], through direction of the 
Earl.^ — Aindiles O'Dochartaigh, chief of Ard-Midhair,^ 
rested in Christ. 



Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 20th of the moon,] a.d. 

1289i[-93]. Maghnus Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht 

for five years and a half, the man of the Gfaidhil for making 

peace and war that caused most terror and triumph and 

was best in hospitality and benevolence in his own time, 

after being a quarter [of a year] in illness, died. — Cathal 

Ua Conchobuir was killed by Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh 

tbe Swarthy.^ — Cathal Ua Conchobuir the Red (namely, 

son of Concubar the Red) took the kingship of Connacht 

after the capture of Aedh, son of Eogan [Ua Conchobair]. 

And the same Cathal was killed at the end of a quarter 

[of a year] by Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh Ua Conchobuir 

original of the expression is in the 
F. M. at this year. 

[1293] 1/5^9 = 1293 of the 

A. L. a 

Donnchadh the Swarthi/.—T)a- 
nati fusci, D. 



Bria[i]n Luaigne — son of Brian of 
liuighni. This is given in the 
A. L. C. (1292). 

For Tuathal, see the final entry 
of following year. 

'^ Ard-Midhair.--'D adds: com- 
munis omnibus hospitalitate. The 



[1293] 



2b2 



380 



aMMalcc uLccoli. 



legan af 7 yiigi Connacc -do jaBail tdo" cpe nefic in 
ghiufcif. — Caiflen SI1515 tjo "oeriUTn T)o Sheon pi[cz] 
"Comuf 7 a 'Dul T;aip,if co cec 1115 Saxan. — CCexi, mac 
B 66b Bojain hUi Concobuip, -do ^abail fiigi Connacc | 7° a 
nigax) "Do'n ^lupcif 7 -do muinnceiT,'' inking 7 an^ 'Decmaxi* 
la lap,' n-a p-iga-D, a galSail "do TTlac ^^T^ccil-c 1^ meBail 7 
coica^ va mumnueia ■do map-bax) 7 cyieca mopa "oo "oenuni 
aifi — IDuficax) hUa Tnait-[8h]eclainn, fii TTliT)e, quieuic 
in [Chpifco]. — pejagal hUa Ra^aillaig, pi TTluinnT;epi- 
mhailmop'oa, mopcuuf eye. — 'Caifpipa'Dpaic^ 7 Coluim- 
cille 7 OpisDe "DO -poillpiugU'D tdoNicoI TTlac 1Tlail-1fpu, 
•DO Chomapba pa'opaic/ "do bee 8a6ulL pacpaic^ 7 a 
T:65bailT)0 7 lap n-a^ cogbail, pepra mopa 7 mipbuile'Da 
■DCDenum 7 a cup'oopun a pcpin cumT)ai5 co honopac. — 
TTlop, iiigen peixdimce btli Concobuip, quieuic in 
[Chpipuo]. — pioipi'nc hUa CepbaUa[i]n, eppuc "Cipe- 
heogain^ (aliap/ eppuc T)aipe''), quieuiT; m [Chpipco]. — 
inuipcepT;ac htia 1piannG5a[i]n, caipec Clainni-Cocail, 
quieuii: in [Chpipco]. — 'Ctiacal,''inac TTluipcepcais (hUi" 
Cbonctibaip"), "oo mapba'D la Tlluinncep-easpa. 

(Ccccal' TTlac 'Oiapma'Da, pig TTlhuige-uiips, "oogabail 
le hCCex), mac Oogain hUi Choncubaip, im meabuil 7 he 
■pein DO •Dul ap eipn ap copaxi a lama ap a cuibpigib 7 
cpeac -00 ■benum xio ap cloinn Chacail bUi phlannagan. 
Ocup millexi* Connacu vo ueacx no na bolcaiB ■oopin'oe'o 
annpin ecip ga^ail 7 mapbaTi.' — CCe-o,' mac [eojgain 

A.D. 1289. ^an, A.. ^m,B. • .x. maT), A, B. "a, A. «.U (the Latin 
numeral used as contraction). A, B.'-is, B. *n-o,A. ^milty, (A) MS. ^■'=a 
liuccan 'giiipcipymu'nnceifii — by the power of the Justiciary and the people 
(^ofihe king), B ; "by the power of the deputy," C. ' ayi — on (=after), A 
K"Doiiae — of Doire, with; no, TJhi-p.i-h&osain — or, of Tir-Eogain, itl., t. 
h., B ; followed by C and D. " om., D. "n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 
Jil. m., n. t. h., bat different from that of '■', A ; om., B, C, D. 

^ Justiciary. — William de Vesey, nection with which be went to 
1290—1294. England), see D. I., IV. 147. 

* Fitz Thomas. — Fitz Gerald of Opposite this entry, 1. m. , Latin 

Offaly. For the wager of battle hand, is : Reedijieatio Sligiae per 
Detween him and de Vescy (in con- Anglos. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



381 



the Swarthy. And Aedh, son of Eogan, was liberated and 
the kingship of Connacht taken by him through the power 
of the Justiciary .3 — The castle of Sligech was built by 
John Fitz Thomas* and he went across to the house of the 
king of the Saxons. — Aedh, son of Eogan TJa Oonchobuir, 
took the kingship of Connacht and he was made king by 
the Justiciary and by the people of the king and the tenth 
day after his being made king, he was captured in 
treachery by Fitz Grerald. And fifty of his people were 
killed and great preys were made upon him. — Murcha 1 h 
Ua Mail-[S]echlainn, king of Meath, rested in Christ. — 
Fei-ghal Ua Eaighaillaigh, king of Muinnter-Mailmordha, 
died. — The relics^ of [SS.] Patrick and Colum-cille and 
Brigit were revealed to Nicholas Mac Mail-Issu, [namely] 
to the successor of Patrick, to be in SabhaU of Patrick. 
And they were taken up by him and, after their being takea 
up, great deeds and marvels were done and they were 
placed honourably by him in aa ornamental shrine. — Mor, 
daughter of Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir, rested in Christ. 
— Florence" Ua Cerballa[i]n, bishop of Tir-Eogain (other- 
wise, bishop of Daire), rested in Christ. — Muircertach Ua 
Flannaga[i]n, chief of Clann-Cathail, rested in Christ. — 
Tuathal, son of Muircertach (Ua Conchubair), was killed 
by the Muinnter-Eaghra. 

(CathaP Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Lurg, was taken 
prisoner by Aedh, son of Eoghan Ua Conchubhair, in 
treachery. And he himself went by force, by dint of his 
own power, out of his fetters and a foray was made by him 
on the children of Cathal Ua Flannagan. And destruction 
of Connacht came of the evils that were done then, both 



[1293] 



^ The relics, etc. — O'DonoTan {F, 
M. iii. 456 sq.) adduces reasons to 
shew that this discovery did not 
take place. 

^ Florence— On April 22, 1293, 
four years later than the textual 



date of his death, he paid a fine of 
20g. for not coming to parliament 
{D. I., IV. 21). He died the same 
year, before October 10 {ib. 94). 

(1289) 1 CaMa^, ef«.— The ad- 
ditions belong to 1293. The first 



(128a) 



382 



aMMttioc uiarDTi. 



h['Ui Concujbuitx, inci[pi]c |ie[5n]aiT,e. — ■R,eliqui[a]e 
[8atiCT;]oiauinn pacfiicn, Columbae [ec] bp.i5iT)ae [hoc] 
anno in[uen]cae func.') 

ICal. 1an. [p" ui., I. i.,"] CCnno TDomim Vf]." cc.° ccc"" 
[-1111.°] OCeti," mac Gogain, -do •oenuin cyiec mop. ap 
Clainn-TTltiificepcais. — muificep.t;ac, mac TTlasntifahtli 
Concobuip, a'Sbup coice'Saig^ if peyip, "oo bi v'a cinitiT)^ 
A 64a -pein, "do mapbaxi le "Oomnall, mac 'Cai'D^ 7 le 'Ca'Dg. — | 
"Domnall htia begpa, pi Lui^ne, qmentv in [Chpipco]. — 
Tnael-Seclamn hUa* pianna5a[i]n, Daipec Clainni- 
Ca^ail, -DO mapba^ la Cacal, mac 'Cai'Ds TTlic "Diap- 
maca, ap fpaiT) 8I1515.* — T)onncax> TTlac Con[8h]nama, 
T;aipec TTluinncepi-Cinaeca,^ quieuic in [Chpipco]. — 
"Ouapcan mac" 'Cisepnam, caipec 'Ceallai^-'Dunca'Da, 
quieuic in [Chpifco]. — Cacal mac 'Cai'Dg ITlic T)iap- 
maca, pi ITlui^e-Luipj, quieuic in [Chpipco]. — Cappac- 
in-caipn TTlas "Chigepnain, caipec 'Chellaig-'Ounca'Da, 
quieuicin [Cbpipco]. — CaiplenSligis'DO leaga'DleliCCe'b, 
mac Gogain hUi'^ Concobuip-" — "Depbail," ingen 'Cai'Sg 
TTlic (CacaiU imic') T)iapmaca, quieuic in [Chpipco]. — 
Tnaelpuanaig, mac ^illa-CpipT) ITI1C T)iapmaca, -do 
ga^ailpigi inai5i-l.uip5.° — 1n c-1apla (ixion/ Hicap-o a 
bupc, it)on, an c-1apla pua-o*) t)0 gabail tio 1T1 ac gepailc 
7 buai'ope'D Cpenn uile vo cecc cpiT) an° galSail' pin. — 
Cpeca" mopa mebla tio ■oenum -do tTlac ^epailc 7 -do 

A.D. 1290. '-yaig, B. ^cine-D, A: ^O, A. ^-gi-o, A. ^-mt, B. 
"mas, B. 1294, overhead, n.t. h., B ; alias 1294, n. t. h., B, C ; 1294 
on margin, D. " This item is omitted in D. ^-^ om., B, C ; given in D. 
«-= cm., B, C, D. " itL, n. t. h., (A) MS. e-eitl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, 
D. Opposite the entry, r. m., t. h., A, B, is 'gabail ITIaic 'ge-p.oilc ap in 
latila — Fitz Gerald's capture of the Earl; literally: capture of Mtz Gerald 
ore the Earl. 



is given in the A. L. C. at that 
year ; the second and third are 
respectively found (with more de- 



tail) in the third and eighth of the 
original entries of this year. 
[1294] 1/^90=1294 of theit.i. C. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



383 



by caphuring and killing. — Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Con- (1289) 
chobuir, begins to reign. — The relics of Saints Patrick. 
Columba and Brigid were found this year.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 1st of the moon,] A.n. [1294] 
1290'^[-4]. Aedh, son of Eogan [Ua Conchobair], made a 
great foray on the Clann-Muircertaigh. — Muircertach, 
son of Maghnus Ua Concobuir, the one of his own sept 
best fit to be king of a Province, was killed by Domnall, 
son of Tadhg and by Tadhg [Ua Gonchobair]. — Domnall 
Ua Eghra, king of Luighni, rested in Christ. — Mael- 
SecHainn Ua Flannaga[i]n, cbief of Clann-Cathail, was 
killed by Cathal, son of Tadhg Mac Diarmata, on the 
street of Sligecb. — Donnchadh Mac Cou[Sh]nama, chief of 
Muinnter-Cinaetha, rested in Christ. — Duarcan Mac 
Tigernain, cbief of Tellach-Dunchadha, rested ia Christ. 
— Cathal, son of Tadhg Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- 
Luirg, rested in Christ. — Carrach-in-cairn^ Mag Tigernain, 
chief of Tellach-Dunchadha, rested in Christ. — The castle 
of Sligech was levelled^ by Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Oon- 
chobuir. — Derbail, daughter of Tadhg (son of Cathal) Mac 
Diarmata, rested in Christ. — :Mae'lruanaigh, son of Gilla- 
Crisd Mac Diarmata, took the kingship of Magh-Luirg. — 
The Earl (namely, Eichard de Burgh, that is, the Red 
Ea.rl) was taken prisoner* by Fitz Gerald and disturbance 
of all Ireland came tbrough that capture. — Great 
treacherous forays were made by Fitz Gerald and by Mac 



2 Carrach - in - Cairn. — Scabidus 
acervi lapidum, T>. The origin of 
the soubriquet is unknown to me. 
The editor of the A. L. C. (i. 510) 
says the F. M. call him Duarcan. 
The explanation is, they give 
Duarcan's obit (the next preceding 
entry but one) and omit this. 

Levelled. — See the third original 
entry of [1293], supra. 



* Taken prisoner. — At the close of 
1294, or early in 1295 {D. I., IV. 
191 : the Roll referred to by 
O'Donovan, F. M. iii. 462, note n). 
According to Clyn's Annals the 
earl was taken on Saturday [Deo. 
12] before the feast of St. Lucy 
[Dec. 13] 1294. Hence the text 
is four years antedated. 



384 CCNNCClCC ula'Dli 

mac piieopaif ap. ConnafoaiB 7 CCexi, mac Gogaiti, "oo 
tamailT; D'a^iga'D. In dfiT)o rfiilliUTi tdoiB 7 nipgabfac 
neyic eili bufi mo na ipin. — T)aibic ITlac ^ille-CCpiaai^ 
■00 maiaba-D la macaiB T)omnaill xiuiB hUi egiaa." 

(^lUa-CC'Domnain'' TTlasifiai^, comayiba "Ceyimtiinn- 
T)abe6[i]5, quietnc 'oecimo t^ep^^iolcaLemDafMouembiaif 
Tioc anno.") 

ICal. 1an. [p.''tiii.,l. x.ii.,"] CCnnoT)omini m° cc^xc" 1.°" 
[-U.J In c-1a|ila cecna tio legun af -do TTlac ^eyiailu 
zfie nejiT: ^115 8axan ap bjiaisTiiB maici[B] xi'a cinext 
B 66c pein. — 1 bjaian, mac CCe'oa bui'Se bUi Meill, iai Cennnl- 
Oojam,^ "DO mai^ba^ la 'Domnall (mac" bfiiain°) hl1i[-a] 
Kleill 7 aiT, mop. vo ^hallaiB 7 vo ^'loi'SelaiB 'maille 
•ppif (ITlai'om'^na Cpaibe"). — 'Domnall hUa^ Cellai|, pi 
hUa^-TTlaine, in c-aen ^lico'oel if 5I1CU 7° if linai5i[ti]° 
7 If' pepf comuiple -oobi 1 n-a x>ticaix>^ pern a"" n-Gpinn," 
a 65 1 n-aibic manaig 7 a a-onucal 1 Cnoc-TDuai'De. — 
Conn' TTlac bpana[i]n, raifec Copc[a]-CCclanT), occipuf 
efc' 'ComalTJac'' ITluc bpana[i]n, in caipec ■Dopisne-o 
'n-a I'nat), tdo mapba'D vo ifiuinncep Chonalla[i]n a n- 
-Di^ailc a n-acup -do mapbaxi ■ooptim-'' — Cogati^ mop 1 
■Cip-Conaill ipin* bliaxiain pin.' — Caja'o mop eceppi 
Saxan 7 pi Ppansc— Caiplen'' [TTluise-'Ouma''] 7 caiflen 
in baile-nua 7 caiflen TDuili-bpecpaitie -do leaja'D la 
Seapfpaig hUa ■pepgail. 

A.D. 1290. !»-•>*. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 0, D. 

A.D. 1291. ■'Ceriet— , A. =0, A. "cctsa'D, A. *iy-(Bhort form of 
the textual word), B. ^ 1295, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1295, n. t. h., C ; 
1295, on margin, D. «« itl., t. h. , A ; om., B, C, D. '"■'ir. m., t. h., A; 
1. m., t. h., B; cm., C, D. «-som., A, D; given in B, 0. ^'xioV— that 
was, B. 8 aimy'iifi — time, 'B,C; om., D. ''■'> pm., B, C, D. lom.,©; 
epc is omitted in A. i ■p — this, B. ''-i' om., B, C, D ; a, blank is left in 
the MS. for the name, which is here supplied from the Annals of Loch 
Ce (1295). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



585 



Eeorais on Connacht and Aedh, son of Eogan^ seemed to 
be deposed. The country was destroyed by them ; but 
they got no power that was greater than that.— David Mac 
Gille-arraith was killed by the sons of Domnall Ua Eghra 
the Black. 

(Gilla-Adomhnain Magraith, superior of Termonn- 
Dabeo[i]g, rested on the 13th of the Kalends of November 
[Oct. 20] this year.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 12th of the moon], a.d. 
1291i[-5]. The same Earl was liberated by Fitz G-erald,^ 
through power of the king of the Saxons, for good hostages 
of his own sept.— Brian, son of Aedh TJa NeiU the Tawny, 
was killed by Domnall (son of Brian) Ua Neill and great 
havoc [was wrought] of Foreigners and Gaidhil along 
with him (The Defeat of the Craibh). — Domnall Ua 
Cellaigh, king of Ui-Maine, the one Gaidhel the most 
prudent, the most perfect and of best counsel that was in 
his own district in Ireland, died in the habit of a monk 
and was buried in Cnoc-Muaidhe. — Conn Mac Braaa[i]D, 
chief of Corca-Achlann, was slain. Tomaltach Mac 
Brana[i]n, the chief that was made in his stead, was 
killed by the family of Cu-alla[i]n, in revenge of their 
father having been killed by him. — Great war in Tir- 
Conaill in this year. — Great war* between the king of the 
Saxons and the king of the French.— The castle of [Magh- 
Duma] and the castle of Newtown and the castle of Magh- 
Brecraidhe were levelled by Geoffrey Ua Ferghail. 



[1294] 



(1290) 



[1295] 



[1295] 1 I2gi — 1295 of the 
A.L.C. 

^ Fitz Gerald, — He was in West- 
minster at the time, having sub- 
mitted to the ting's will respecting 
the caption of de Burgh and other 



treasonable oflfenoes laid to his 
charge (JD. I., IV. 246). 

^ War. — Edward I.'s abortive 
expedition for the recovery of 
Gasoony in 1295. For the con- 
nexion of Ireland therewith, see 
Z>. /., IV. Index Gasoony. 



386 



ccMMaLoc ularoli. 



A65a[biT-.] jcal. Ian. [p." i., I. ra.ni."], CCnno "Domini TH." cc.° xc.° 
11.° ''[-111.°] OCex>, mac eogam hUi Concobuip, ■D'aciiisa'D 
"o'a oiyiect: pein 7 Clann-Tnuiyicefiuaig -do mbaipc afciyi 
1 n-a inaxi 7 cennti^"' 7 biaai5T)i t)0 cabaifiu "do Choncobtifi 
|xtiaT(, mac Cauail 7 in cifi uile, ecei^ cill 7 cuai6, "do 
mi'LliUT) T;iieipan acfiiga-o fin. Ciaic-Cai]\piai uile t)0 
lofcaxi 7-00 millm-D la Clainn-IDuiiaceiatJai^ 7 "oul fa 
cemplaib in cife -doiB. Ocuf •DO^igail TDia 7 Colum- 
cille 7 muife bamcijefna, ifacemptnll'Dofaifse'Dtiifx. — 
Slua^" mof "DO uinol Tio'n CCex) cecna fin -do ghallaiB 7 
■DO ^bcti-oelait? fa Uilliam buinc 7 fa 'CeboiT) a Oufc, co 
f.abaT)Uf ceicfi* hoi'oce ifcip. 7 f omillea'Dtif afbanna 7 
imenna in cife uile 7 r;an5aT)Uf. caific in cife 'n-a cec 
annfin. Uuga-ouia leo laT) co cec in lafla, "do tienum 
fira CCexia. Ocuf ge fogellfac, nif' comaillfec in fTO 
7 "00 aenuaise-DUp, afif an cecc v'a T^ig lefin Clainn 
cecna fin. 1nc-CCex> cecnafinTiocoixieccifna "Cuacaib. 
pefgail 7 IT) 05 Uagnaill co n-a n-imifciB t)0 cabaifT: 
"DO leif. OcUf cecca vo cuf cum TTlac T)iafmaca 7 

pianna5a[i]n 7 inntJO'D doiB ifcif cfefan t;eccaifecc 
fin 7 Concobuf fuari 'do'^ lenmain 7 cfec "oo tienum v6 
f Off 0. Impofi T)oib foffo, iDon, af in cf eic 7° Concobuf' 
fua-D, mac* Cauail,* tdo mafba-S le ITTlac "Oiafmaxia^ af 
^of ai-oecc na'^ cf eice. Ocuf Loclainn, mac Concobuif , tio 
gabail 7 TTlasnUf, mac 'Comalcai^, vo gabail 7 becan" "oo 
Tiainib eile tio mafbafi ann."" Ocuf if ann •oofinne'D fin, 

1 Cinn-Cei-Di 'Chife-'Cuacail. — CCexi hUa^ Concobuif 7 

ITlac T)iafmaT;a 7 pefgail 7 na boifecua af ceana tio 

A.D. 1292. 'n-'Didri— , B. = o, A. *> 1296, overhead, n. t. h., B ; 
alias 1296, n t. h., ; 1296, on margin, D. ""om., B, C, D. ^ Over o is 
placed a, n. t. h., to make the reading Tia [=•00 a] — {followed) them, MS. 
(A). « B has ition — namely {quia, D), introducing the punishment that 
was inflicted on the profaners of the churches. 



[1296] ^1292 = 1296 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Church and territory. — " Both 



spirituall and temporall," C ; in 
utroque foro, V. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 387 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 23rd of the moon], a.d. [l296Bis.] 
1292i[-6]. Aedh, son of Eogan TJa Conchobuir, were 
deposed by bis own tribe and the Clann-Muircertaigh were 
brought into the country in his stead and headship and 
hostages were given to Concobur the Red, son of Oathal 
[Ua Conchobair]. And the whole country, both church 
and territory,^ was destroyed through that deposition. All 
the district of Cairpre was burned and destroyed by the 
Clann-Muircertaigb and the churches of the territory were 
attacked by them. And God and Colum-cille and Mary, 
tbe Queen, whose churches they profaned, avenged [this]. 
— A great host was mustered by the same Aedh of 
Foreigners and Gaidhil under William de Burgh and 
under Tbeobald de Burgh, so that they were four nights 
in tbe country and they destroyed the crops and chattels 
of all the country. And the chiefs of the country came 
into their bouse [i.e., submitted] then. They took them 
with them to the house of the Earl [Richard de Burgh], 
to make peace with Aedh. And though they promised, 
they kept not the peace and they united again with that 
same Clann on returning to their homes. That same 
Aedh came into " The Territories.'' O'Ferghail and Mag 
Raghnaill with their forces he brought with him. And 
messengers were sent to the Mac Diarmatas and O'Flan- 
naga[i]ns and they returned into the country in conse- 
quence of that message. And Conchobur the Red 
followed and made a foray upon them. They turned 
upon these, namely, upon the foray force and Concobur 
the Red was killed by Mac Diarmata, in driving the prey. 
And Lochlainn, son of Concobur, was taken and Maghnus, 
son of Tomaltach, was taken and a small number of other 
persons were killed there. And where that was done is in 
Cenn-Ceidi of Tir-Tuathail. Aedh Ua Concobuir and Mac 
Diarmata and O'Ferghail and the allies also made large 
retaliatory forays on the people of Clann-Muircertaigh the 



388 



aMNalcc nlccvh. 



■Denum qiec mofi ti-'oigla ap muinncifi' Clainni-TTluiia- 
cepcaig in la cecna. — 1n° LacLann cecna fin, mac Con- 
cobui|\, 7)0 TiaUafi 7 a eg a n-uuu|i a •Dallca." — ^'lla-lay' 
inac-in-Liacanai5, efpuc Oil-finn, quieuic in [Cliyiifco]. 
— TnaeL-pe-DUiji "OuiB5enna[i]n, apci'oeocan na 
Oyieifne, "Dfiuim-cbaB co Cenannuf, quieuic in 
Chfiifco.' — mofifluas^ le laig Saxan 1 n-CClbam, sufv'gaB 
B 66ci neyic CCLban uile yguia'niilL | cuocaysufiYsPiroipecca* 
7 eglufa 7511 fonnyiaxiac maini'ipcep, Ofiacap., co naji'-pag^ 
doc a]!, aic T)i 7 guyi'maiab pp[u] sifiai'o 7 mnd inroa. 
Ocuf DobaTDUiri maici pejT, n-Gfienn ap, in fltiag -pin, iDon, 
Ricajfi'o g bupc, lapLa Ulaxi 7 TTlac 5ei'^«i^^' I'oon, Seon 
Pi[t;z] ZomUf. 

A 65b ]Cal. Ian. [p.* 111., I. iiii.%J CCnno T)oniini 1T1.° cc.° xc." 
111.° '[-uii."] Concobufi, mac "Caiclig, mic T)iapmaca, 
mic° Concobuip.(mic'' 'Cai'Sg") TTlic 'V)^a\m\aca,'' -pi TTItiisi- 
Luip5 7 CCificig, pinpe|ibpacaita 7 cigepna muinnT^ern- 
Tnaelpuanaig uile, pep. ^lob' pe^i^ cpoi-o" 7 cacup," j^al 
7 jaipcex), innpaigix)' 7 anaxi,° -Din" 7° uepmonn, ■pi|iinne' 
7 plaicemnup 1 n-a comaimpip, quieuic in [Chpipco] (7'* 
a a-olucU'D imTVIainipDiyi na buille*). — ITlasnup 
hpCinli,^ caipec Ceniuil-T»obca,^ quieuiu in [Cbpipco]. — 

A.D. 1292. s-pluaijex), B. *-|iecc, B. "-gaiB, B. "om., A, X); 
given in B, C. 8 om., B (C). The word having reference to what is not 
given in that text. ^-^ ■oaine aiLi [li MS. ] -do map.ba'D — other persons were 
killed, B (C). Note the omission of ann — in that place, which refers to 
what is not given in B. ' om., B, C, D. J This item is omitted in D. 

A.D. 1293. ^-peti-p., B. ^-li-oe, B. '-'oopa (the phonetic form J, A. 
!> 1297, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1297, n. t h., C; 1297 on margin, D. 
':-|=om., B, C, I). *-*itl., n. t. h., MS. (A). =■= placed after plaicemtiup. 



^ Mac-in-Liathanaigh. — Son of the 
Grey (O'Conor). According to the 
A. L. C, he had been abbot of the 
Trinity, Loch Ce, and was chosen 
bishop on the death of O'Tomaltey, 
1284, su^ra. On Sept. 10, 129.6, 



the king informed Wogan, the Jus- 
ticiary, that Trinotus \Gilla-na- 
Trinoite, Devotee of the Trinity] 
O'Thomelty [probably brother of 
the bishop-elect just mentioned] 
and Denis of Roscommon, canons 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



389 



same day. — That same Lochlainn, son of Conchobur, was [1296] 
blinded and be died in the illness of bis blinding. — Grilla- 
Isa Mac-in-Liathanaigb,3 bisbop bf Oil-finn, rested in 
Cbrist. — Mael-Pedair 0'Duibbgenna[i]n, archdeacon of 
Breifni from Druim-Cliabb to Cenannus, rested in Christ. 
— A great host [was led] by the king of the Saxons into 
Scotland, so that be got command of all Scotland arid 
destroyed territories and despoiled shire -lands and 
churches and particularly a Monastery of Friars,* so that 
be left not a stone of it in place. And be killed many 
ecclesiastics and women. And there were nobles of the 
Men of Ireland on that expedition, namely, Richard de 
Burgh,^ Earl of Ulster and Fitz Gerald, that is, John 
Fitz Thomas. 

Kalends of Jan. [on , 3rd f eria, 4tb of the moon], a.d. [1297] 
1293^[-7]. Concobur, son of Taicblech, son of Diarmait, son 
of Concbobur (son of Tadbg) Mac Diarmata, king of Magb- 
Luirg and Airtech, elder brother and lord of all Muinnter- 
Maelruanaigb, the man of best courage and prowess, valour 
and championship, attack and resistance, protection and 
asylum, truth and governance in his own time, rested in 
Cbrist (and be was buried in the Monastery of the BuiU). 
— Maghnus O'hAinli, chief of Ceuel-Dobtba, rested in 



of Elphin, prayed for licence to 
elect in place of Brother G-elasius 
[ GiUa-Im], their late bishop [D. I., 
IV. 322). For the sequel, see 
[1297], note 5, infra. The text is 
accordingly four years in advance. 

^ Monastery of Friars. — According 
to the A. L. C. they were Domini- 
cans. The house, as the editor 
suggests, "was probably St. 
Andrew's. The expedition took 
place in 1296. 

The entry is thus unsatisfactorily 
summarized in D : Hoc anno Rex 
Angliae cum potenti amiatura 



invasit Sootiam eamque fundi- 
tua devastando ecolesiasque et 
monasteria comburendo et sttbii- 
ertendo. 

^ De Buryh, etc. — Amongst the 
expenses in the account of the Irish 
treasurer for 1295-6 is an item of 
£5,011 ISs. 4d., to pay wages to 
Richard, Earl of Ulster, John Fitz 
Thomas, Theobald de Boteler and 
others, leaving for the king's ser- 
vice in Scotland, at Pentecost, a. r. 
24 11296] (Z)./., IV. 346). 

[1297] '/2(/j = 1297 of the 
A. L. C. 



390 



aNMCcLa ulccDTi. 



rienfii mag Oipeccaig, efpuc Connipe, manac liac> 
quieuicm [Chiiifco] (y'^aa'olucu'D 1 TTlaiiiifciifi'Dfiocai'D- 
aca'^). — tdlbarn TDubcaig, efpuc Cluana[-mac-'Noif],^ 
"DO mapba'D T)'efcu|i* ayicoicim "oo v'a eoc ^em. — Triop.- 
Ipluai^e'D le liet)uba|i'D, le pj Saxan, ifin Piaaingc 50 
moiiamenmnac 7 rainic gan rjaen, ^an cjieifi eifci. — 
Tnael-[Sh]ecLainn TTIac b|iiain, ab nabuille, T)0 ■co5a['D] 
cum efpocoi'oe Oil-pinn 7 TTlapian 'Don'Dobuiin, 
bpcrcaip PjaeciuiT., -do TO5a[x)] fieirrie 7 a xiul "Do'n Uoitd 1 
n-imcopnuTTi na heppocoi'oe cecna 7 ae5T)o'n T;upuf fin.° 
— Cu-tllaxi bOCnluani, \i\ Oiyiyicep 7 a "oepbparaip 7 
CCenguf mhag Unctcsamna 7 imop.an -do Tnaici15 a 
rtiuinnceyii -do map-bax) la gallaiB 'Duin-'Oelsan, a^ 
impo'D 'D'at;i5i15o'n lapla. — T)ep15[p]op5aill,° in5enh[ti]i 
pioiiTD epa[-'Ui pioiTiT)], qtiieuic in [Chpifco]." 

B ; om., C, D. ■'-cap,, B. * om., B, C, D, s peifica (Clonfert) is given 
In B, but it was deleted ; Clonmacnois, C ; Chain mac noys, on margin, D. 



^ Connor In Antrim. Achonry, 

B, C, D. The true reading is 
Derry. Henry, a Cistercian, was 
chosen bishop of the latter see by 
the primate in 1294(i). /., IV. 166 ; 
cf. ib. 195-7). He died early in 
1297 (ib. 371) and was succeeded 
by Geoffrey Mac Longhlin (ib. 405). 
The contemporary bishop of Connor 
was John, elected at the close of 
1292, or the beginning of ]293 {ib. 
12). 

^ Cluain-mac-Nois. — : Forgetting 
that Clonmacnoise was par excel- 
lence the Cluain, the F. M. read 
Clonfert, an error adopted by 
O'Donovan (iii. 469) and the editor 
of the A. L. C. (i. 519). The 
Franciscan, William O'Duffy, was 
elected bishop of Clonmacnoise in 
1290 {D. I., III. 726-35) and died 
before Aug. 5, 1297 (ib. IV. 429). 



The bishop of Clonfert at the 
time was Robert, a Benedictine of 
Christ Church, Canterbury, ap- 
pointed by Boniface VIII. (Jan. 2, 
1279: Theiner, p. 158), in succession 
to John of Alatri (collector of the 
papal tenth in Ireland) promoted 
to the archbishopric of Benevento. 

* Basting. — The war in Flanders 
is intended. Edward crossed over 
in Aug. 1296 and returned in March 
1297. {D. I., IV. p. xvi.) 

^ Went. — According to the F. M. 
both went (a ti-'oot aifiaon) and 
Melaghlin died on the journey. In 
support hereof, the editor (iii. 468) 
quotes the A-text, with a n-X)tii, 
(they went) for a ■Dtil (he went) ! 

But the A. L. C, a reliable 
authority in the present instance, 
agree with the Annals of Ulster. 
Furthermore, amongst the charges 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



391 



Christ. — Henry Mag Oirechtaigli, bieliop of Conniri 
[Connor],^ a Grey [Cistercian] monk, rested in Christ (and 
he was buried in the Monastery of [Mellif ont at] Drcchaid- 
atha). — William O'Dubthaigh, bishop of CIuain[-mac- 
Nois],^ was killed by concussion, on falling from his own 
horse. — A great hosting* [was made] very courageously by 
Edward, [namely] by the king of the Saxons, into France 
and he came without conquest, without sway, therefrom. — 
Mael-Sechlainn Mac Briain, abbot of the Buill, was elected 
to the bishopric of Oil-finn and Marian O'Dondobuir, a 
Priar Preacher, was elected before him and went^ to Rome 
to maintain^ [his election to] the same bishopric and died 
on that journey. — Cu-Ulad O'Anluain, king of the 
Oirrtbir and his brother and Aenghus Mag Mathgamna 
and many of the chiefs of his people were killed by the 
Foreigners of Dun-delgan, in returning to their houses 
from the Earl.^- — Derbhfhorgaill, daughter of Ua Floinn 
of Es[-iri Floinn], rested in Christ. 



[1297] 



made against "William Birming- 
ham, archbishop of Tuam, by the 
dean of Annaghdown in person at 
the Curia, which Boniface VIII. 
(July 20, 1303J appointed judges to 
investigate, the following appears : 
Cumquequondam Frater Marianus, 
tunc ElectuS Elfinensis, ab eodem 
archiepiscopo, pro eo quod elec- 
tiouem de ipso ad episcopatum 
Elfinensem de eadem provincia 
oanonice celebratam renuerat con- 
firmare, ad Sedem [Apoetolioam] 
appellasset predictam ao eiusdem 
eleotionis oonfirmatiouem a Sede 
obtinuisset eadem : prefatus arohi- 
episcopus, horum neqnaquam igna- 
rus, in eiusdem Sedis contemptum, 
Malachiam, tunc ahbatem Monas- 
terii de Buellio Elfinensis dioceeis, 
qui nunc pro episcopo Elfinensi ee 
gerit, receptS. propter hoc ab eo 



quadam pecunie summa, in episco- 
pum Elfinensem non absque simo- 
niaca labe prefioere, quin potius 
intrudere, non expavit. Sicque, 
eodem electo, antequam ad eocle- 
siam ipsam Elfinensem accederet, 
nature debitumpersOlTente,predio- 
tus Malachias occupavit eandem et 
adhuc detinet ocoupatam. (Theiner, 
pp. 171-2.) 

It is somewhat noteworthy to 
find the (apparently studied) 
meagreness of the local chronicles 
thus supplemented from a foreign 
source. 

" Maintain. — That is, to defend 
the validity of his election before 
the Curia : a course usual, either 
personally or by procuration, with 
bishops-elect at that time, 

' Returning from the Earl. — They 
had probably accompanied him on 



392 



aNMCcla ulccT)!!. 



ICal. Ian. [p." lin., I. ecu."], CCnno T)omini m." cc.° xc" 
1111." ''[-0111.°] "Comaf p[ra] muipif. hafmn moii t)o 
Clainn-'gep.ailt;, [pjiaifi n-abaiiiuea in c - e i 5 r^i cam, 
quieuir in [CTiyiif to] .—'Comaf hOifieccaig, ab Gaipa- 
riiiaTO, quieuic in [Chtxir^o].— Sa-oB, injen CCet)a bui-oe 
hUi Neill, ben 'Caix.5, mic" CCniiiaf'= btli Concobuiii, 
quieuicMn [Cbfiirco"].— bpian bpesac^ TDds Shamria- 
Tiain, caifec Trhellais-eacac, 7)0 majfiba'o la hCCet) m- 
brieii:nec hUa^ Concdbuiia 7 la Clamn-TYluiificeixcais 
aiificena. — "DonnCafi," mdc "Oomnaill hUi Qagyia, in c- 
aen mac fig ip pepip. eineac 7 ifiob' pep.fi -oobi a copnum 
a ^ipe, "DO map-bax) la bfiian Capfiac n-Gspa, v'a 
bifiamiii fein, 1 meBail. 

(GfcoboTO^ Chluana[-mac-'Kloif] 750 gabail X)'Uilliam 
hUa N-[p]innan, 'b'abbaiTi Cbille-beasam.") 

]Cal.1an.[p. ti.,l.ocx.oi.*], 0Cnno'Oominiim.°cc.°xc.°u.°'' 
[-ix.]° CClaxan-oaip ITlac "Domnaill, m ■ouine^pob' pepfi 

A 63o einec 7 maiu[i]up ■Dobi 1^ n-Qpinn 7 1 n-lCCLbain, a 
maixba-D le hOClaxanT)aifi ITlac T)ub5aill maille pe tidfi 

B 67a T)iaiiriniiT>e^ Ti'a mumnuep, | pein uime." — Peialal hUa* 
P'pgil, eppuc Raca-boc, in r-aen eppuc garoelac pob' 
pepp einec 7 T)epc 7" tiaenacc" 7 cpabax) T)obi' 1 n-Gpinn, 
quieuic in [Cbpipco]. — Ca€ vo ^abaipc vo pig "Caipcpi 
7 -DO pi5 pepmenia (im peil TTluipe moip in pogmuip''), 

A.D. 1294. 1 bTieaTiac, A. ^ q, B. i> 1298, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 
1298, n. t. h., C ; 129S, on margin, D. '■" cm., B, 0, D. '''imoiaciia epc, 
B, C, D. « n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1295. 1-T11, A. =a, A. 3-p,rtie, A. *0, A. ^ 1299, overhead, 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1299, n. t. h., ; 1299, on margin, D. ^^om., B, C, 
D. a-d iti.^ n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 



the expedition into Scotland the 
previous year. 

[1298] ^1294=1296 of the 
A. L. C. 

^Fitz Maurice.— Sasiiaiar-^ of 



Ireland, March — • October, 1295 
{D. I., IV. 202-67). Died on the 
Wednesday after Trinity Sunday 
[June 4], a. r. [Edwardi] 26 [1298] 
(ii. 531). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 393 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 15th of the moon], a.d. [12981 
1294i[-8], Thomas Fitz Maurice,^ a great baron of the 
Clann-Gerald, who was called The crooked Heir,^ 
rested in Cbrist.— Thomas O'hOirechtaigh, abbot of Eas- 
ruadh, rested in Christ.— Sadhbh, daughter of Aedh Ua 
Neill the Tawny, wife of Tadhg, son of Andrew Ua Con- 
cobuir, rested in Christ. — Brian Mag Shamradhain the 
Bregian, chief of Tellach-Eathach, was killed by Aed Ua 
Concobuir the Brefnian and by the Clann-Muircertaigh 
besides. — Donnchadh, son of DomnaU Ua Eaghra, the one 
son of a king that was best in generosity and that was best 
in defence of his country, was killed by Brian Carrach 
O'Eghra, [that is] by his own kinsman, in treachery. 

(The bishopric of Cluain[-mac-]Srois] was taken by ,J29*> 
William Ua Ninnan,! namely, by the abbot of Cell-began.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 26th of the moon], a.d. rioooT 
1295^[-9]. Alexander Mac Domnaill, the person who was 
the best for hospitality and excellence that was in Ireland 
and in Scotland, was killed, together with a countless 
number of his own people that were slaughtered around 
him, by Alexander Mac Dubghaill. — Ferghal Ua Firghil, 
bishop of Rath-both, the one Gaidhelic bishop who was the 
best for hospitality and charity and humanity and piety that 
was in Ireland, rested in Christ. — Battle^ was given by the 
king of Tartary and by the king of Armenia (about the great 



^ The Crooked Beir.—" That waa 1298 in the A. L. C. O'Finnen 



called the crooked heire, " C ; quique 
dioebatur haeres obliquus, D. 

(1294) 1 Ua-Ninnan. — Rightly, 
Ua n-Finnain. The /, when 
eclipsed by n, was silent and conse- 
quently omitted by the copyist. 
The entry is correctly given under 



succeeded O'Duffy, [12971, ^ote 3, 
supra. He died (probably in Aug. ) 
1302 (X>. i.,V. 121). 

[1299] ^7-2{y = 1299 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Battle. — Of Damascus, Aug. IS, 
1300. 

2c 



394 



ccMMalcc ula'Dti. 



maiUe |ie 'poaifiaT)tiifi "oo coTncogbail/ "oo Sh6[l]'oan na 
baiBiloine 7 -do na SayitiaifDiTDB apcena ([CC^r -oiaiTime 
7)0 t:abaiific aifi an So[l]T)an'^). 

(muifiif' hVla hogan, ep^^cop ChiUe-tia-lua, quiemc.') 

Lb,y..] fcal. Ian. [p.^UL, 1.011."], OCnno "Oomini m.° cc.° xc.° 
tii.°''[-ccc.°] 'Ceboit;^ buiT;ille|i, bap.tin moja, uafal, 
mofXTJUUf efc — hGoan" P|iinnT)p.e5af -do mapba'D le mac 
Piacfia htd 'pbloinn." — OC-Dani S^oon-Dun, ba|iiin mop. 
aile,^ qtnetnc" in [Cbpifco'']. — Caiflen CCca-clia€-in- 
copainn -do ^innpseTjal lepm 1ap.la. — 8eoinin° 65 TTlac 
TTluifiiip "DO mafibat) (la° Concubup, mac piacyia hUi 
pbloinn")." — ■pei'DbmiTi IfTlas Capifimis, aT)buii, fiig "Oep- 
tritiman, qtiieuic in [Cbtiifco]. — ConsalachUatoclainn, 
efpuc Coficumiaua'D, fai n-ei'mg 7 c]fiaba[i]'D, quietnc in 
rchpfco]. — ^aiyim coiccenn -oocecc Roim 1^ n-aimfep 
bonaipaiip papa pa'n Cfiifcai'Decc* uile' 7 gaca cecma^ 
blia'oain cic® in gaipm fin 7blia'Dain 'Ra^aahainm fin. 
Octif floaig -DiaififiiTie a huiliB cifiB na Cfifoai-Dacca^ 
■00 'Dul fa'n jaif m fin v'a n-oili€fi co Tloim 7 loga-D a 
pecaTi uile' -©'fasBail 'doiB. 

A.D. 1295. e aile (11 ., MS.)— other, added, B. '-« n. t. h. , A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1296. 1 'Ceaboro, B. 2^^.^a,b. 'a, A. ^-^aigacc, A. ^05, 
''-igacca, A. i> 1300, overhead, n. t. h.,B; rectius 1300, n. t. h., C; 
rectius anno 1300, on margin, D. "■" om., B, C, D. ^-^ moticuuf ef c, B, 
X) ; mo|irctip,, C. "■« 0. m., n. t. ii., A ; cm., B, C, D. cm., B, C ; given 

inD. 

[D ends wit.h this year.] 



(1295) 1 O'Hogan. — Formerly 
precentor of Killaloe. Elected 
bishop Nov. 12, 1281 (D. I., II. 
1286) ; died Oct. 1298 (j5. IV. 556). 
The obit is incorrectly given in the 
A. L. 0. under 1299. 

[1300] 17296 = 1300 of the 
A. L. C. 

3 Butler ; Stanton.-— They were 
amongst those whom Edward ad- 
dressed, May 4, 1297, for aid 



towards the Gascon war (D. I,, 
IV. 396). 

^ ZTa LncJdainn. — Formerly dean 
of Kilf enora. Elected bishop about 
Aug. 1281 {D. L, II. 1843-56); 
died Deo. 1298 (iS. IV. 577). 
(Charles is the alias of Congalach, 
locc. citt.) 

* Invitation. — The Bull of Boni- 
face VIII., Feb. 2,1300, instituting 
the Jubilee every hundredth year 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



395 



feast of Mary of the Harvest [Aug. 15]), along with what 
assistance they could find, to the Sultan of Babylon and to 
the Saracens besides (Slaughter innumerable was inflicted 
on the Sultan). 

(Maurice O'Hogan,^ bishop of CeU-da-lua, rested.) 



[1299] 



Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 7th of the moon], a.d. [isoOBis.] 
1296i[1300]. Theobald Butler,^ a great, noble baron, 
died. — John Prendergast was killed by the son of Fiachra 
TJa Floinn. — Adam Stanton,^ another great baron, rested 
in Christ. — The castle of the Hurdle-ford of the Weir was 
begun by the Earl. — Johnikin Fitz Maurice junior was 
killed (by Conchubur, son of Fiachra Ua Floinn). — 
Feidhlimidh Mag Carrthaigh, future king of Desmond, 
rested in Christ. — Congalach Ua Lochlainn,^ bishop of 
Corcumruadh [Kilfenora], eminent in hospitality and piety, 
rested in Christ. — A general invitation* came from Rome 
in the time of Pope Boniface [VIII.] throughout all 
Christendom and every hundredth year^ comes that 
invitation and the Year of Grace^ is its name. And a 
countless host'' from all countries of Christendom went on 
that invitation on their pilgrimage to Rome and remission 
of all their sins was obtained by them. 



This Jubilee has been immortalized 
in the Divina Commedia (Inf., i;. 
18, V. 28 ; Par., o. 2, v. 28 sq.). 

^Hundredth year. — This goes to 
prove that the present entry is 
contemporaneous. Urban VI. (Ap. 
11, 1389) fixed the Jubilee term at 
33 years ; Paul II. (Ap. 19, 1470)^ 
at 25. 

' Year of Brace. — "And that year 
is called the year of Happiness " 
(with Jubile placed above the last 
■word), C ; annumque ipsum annum 
prosperitatis nunoupabant, D. 



'■ Countless host. — "Innumerable 
troopes and sortes went and got an 
absolution of their sinns," C 
200,000 is the estimated number. 

At the end of this year D con- 
cludes with the following Note : 
Ab hoc anno usque ad annum 
Domini 1420 nihil reperitur in hoc 
libro, quia pars libri aUquo fortulto 
oasu ex ipso libro ablata fuit. 
Ergo nunc historia oessare oportet 
quousque ilia par3 ablata vel ex 
aliquo alio consimiU Hbro contenta 
reperiri poterit. 

2c2 



396 



awMcclcc ularoTi. 



(1TluificeaiiT;ac,'^ mac 1rhui|i hUi bhipnn, tt'hec a]i 
fbgig na hoilicfii cetrnafin-O 

ICal Ian. [p" 1., l. x.tiiii/], CCnno T)omini TTl." cc.°xc.° 
uii.°''[-ccc.° 1.°] pnTiguala, ingen phei-6limce hUi Con- 
cobuifi, banab Cille-Cp.aeBna'oa/ quieui^; in [Cbiaifco]. — 
Hi 111 am Tnos [phjlannca-oa,^ caiipec T)ajit;p.ai|e, -do 
maiabax* la hUal[5]a|i5, mac "Oomnaill, mic OCiyit: htli 
Uo^ilfic. — Caijfipifii, mac Coifimaic hUi inail-[8h]eclainn, 
no map.ba'D cfie poiajall^ a bpauap.* ^^ein, iT)on,^ mac 
OCitic hill imail-[8h]eclainn. — Cpeac" moyi ryo ■oenum 
'o'CCe'D, mac Cacail hUi Concobuifi 7 ■do Clainn-lfTloifi- 
ceyicaig aja 'Ca'Dg, mac OCnntiiar, a nfluig-cecne." — 
SluaiseTi^ la 1(115 Saosan 1'' n-CClbain 7 TUac ^eiiaili; 7 
TTlac pheofiaif 7 maiui Ohaifiun* Gfienn uile, a n-ingnaif 
lafila Ula'o, leif afi in -pluaigeT) fin 7 beiu "doiB a n- 
A 65d CClbam o caeiciT)if fie LugntiipaTi co^ Samum 7 gan | a 
loifine|ic T)o gabail t)oiB c-[f]oip. 

fcal. 1an. [p." 11., I. acocix."], CCnno TDomim m.° cc. xc.° 
tiiii.°''[-ccc.° 11.°] "Oomnall \mav TTlag Caififcaig, fii 

A.D. 1296. een. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A. D. 1297. i-na-D, B. ^-pom., A. ^ pejijal (apparently a personal 
name), with aliaf, ■pop.gail — or, order, itl., u. t. h., A. ^blfictcaip. (ac, 
to agree with -peifijat), A. ^om., A. These three variants seem to prove 
that the scribe of A took the meaning to be that Cairpri was slain by 
'Fergal, his kinsman, son of Art, The translator of C committed a similar 
error in rendering the B text : " killed by Forgall, his owne brother." 
But bficccaifi, the word which he had before him, is gen., not ac. More- 
over, the name of the slayer (which is passed over in C) shews that he was 
not "owne brother" of his victim. The compiler of B understood the 
sense. "-7, A. ' a, A. ^-naT), A. ^511, B. >= 1301, overhead, u. t. h., B; 
alias 1301, n. t. h., 0. '-" cm., B, C. 

A.D. 1298. i' 1302, overhead, n.t, h., B; alias 1302, n. t. h., C. 



[1301] i^^p7 = 1301 of the 
A. L. 0. 

^ Finnghuala. — Literally, fair- 
shoulder ■ angUoLzed Fiuola. 



' Cairpri. — Called Cormao in the 

A. L. a 

* Chiefs of the barons. — See the 
list of those (amongst whom are 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



397 



(Muircertacli, son of Imhur TJa Birn, died on the way (1296) 
of that same pilgrimage.) 



Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 18th of the moon], a.d. 
1297i[1301]. Finnghuala,2 daughter of Feidhlimidh Ua 
Conchobuir, abbess of CeU-Craebhnada, rested in Christ. — 
William Mag [FJlannchadha, chief of Dartraighi, was 
killed by Ual[gh]arg, son of Domnall, son of A^t Ua 
Ruairc. — Cairpri,^ son of Cormac TJa Mail-[S]echlainn, 
was killed by direction of his own kinsman, namely, the 
son of Art TJa Mail-[S]echlainn. — A great foray was made 
by Aedh, son of Cathal TJa Conchobuir and by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh on Tadhg, son of Andrew [TJa Concho bair], 
in Magh-Cetne. — A hosting [was made] by [Edward] the 
king of the Saxons into Scotland and [John Fitz Thomas] 
Fitz Grerald and Mac Feorais [Birmingham] and the chiefs 
of the barons* of all Ireland, except^ the Earl of Ulster, 
[were J with him on that hosting. And they were in 
Scotland from a fortnight before Lammas^ [-^^g- 1] to 
November Day.'' But full sway was not obtained by them 
in the East.^ 



[1301] 



Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 29th of the moon], a.d. [1302] 
1298i[1302]. Domnall MagCarrthaighthe Eed.kingof Des- 



the two here mentioned) addressed 
for aid by the king, D. I., IV. 
785. 

» Except, etc.— See ih. 849. 

' Lammas. — Literally, Zugh-com- 
memoration : i.e. funeral games (of. 
O'Curry: Manners, etc., Introd. 
ccoxxv., sq.) annually held by the 
Tnatha-de-Danann king, Lugh, in 
memory of his wives Nas {wide 
Naas, CO. KUdare) and Bai (unde 
Cnoc-Bai, Cnogba, Knowth, Meath). 



The celebration took place at Tell- 
town, Meath, on the^ist of August. 
(L. Be. p. 362 a, 1. 35 sq. ; L.L. p. 
200 b, U. 33-4.) 

' November Day. — Literally, 
Sinnmer-ending [Book of Sights, p- 
liii.). 

^ Hast. — Namely, Scotland ; so 
called from the situation in refer- 
ence to Ireland. 

[1302] '759^=1302 of the 
A.£. C. 



398 



CCMMalCC UlCCDtl. 



B67b "Deip-Tinuman, qwemx: m [Chpifco]. — |1Tlilef,° efpuc 
Luimnij, mac mic eifein Wn lafila Laisnec, quieuic*^ in 
[diyiifco]. — Gfptic Coiacai^e, manac baf, quieoic in 
[Chpipco]. — UtiaTOpi," mac "Oomnaill hUi hGagiaa, a^bujfi 
Ifiig tuijne, quietiiT; in [Chifiifco].° — ^Oodiu m6\i in 
bliaTiam fin^ ayi ce€|^a. — Cifiec'' mop, vo ■oenum ■o'CCe'D, 
mac Cauail, ap 'Ca'oj, mac CCnnpiap 7 ap Shicpiug, mac 
in Caipnig Tyieg Laclainn, [1 TTlas-JCecne."— "Donn 
mag tliT)6p, pi pep-TTlanac, won/ cexrna pi pep-TTlanac 
"DO macaiB TTIes Uitiip,' quieuic in [Chpipco]. — ITlaisipcep 
8T)iamna bpagain, aip-oeppoc Caipil, quietiic in 
[Chpifco]. 

ICal. 1an. [p.° 111., I. cc."], CCnno T)omini m.° cc" ccc" 
ix.°^[TTl.° ccc.° 111.°] 1^1001 mac-Tnail-lpu, aip^oeppuc 
CCp7)a-imaca, in c-aen cleipec^ ip "Diaga 7 ipcpa15ci5i[o]^ 
■Dobi 1 n-epinn 1 n-a aimpep pein,° qtiietiit; in [Chpipra]- 
— TTlael-Slieclainn TTlac bpiam, eppuc Oil-pinn, quietiiT; 
in [Chpipco]. "Oonncax) hUa^ ■pianna5a[i]n, abb na 
Ooille, T)o ^a^ail na heppocoi'oe cecna ■o'a eipi.— "Diap- 
maic hUa* planna5a[i]n, z^aipec 'Ctiaici-1fla€a7a'Da mac 
7 mopan aile^ "do mapbaxi vo T)poin5 "oo Iuct; cige *Oom- 
naill, mic 'Cai'Dg htli Concobuip, 1^ m-bun-TDOibe, a 
Tjopai'&ecc cpeice puc pe leip a TTluig-Cecne. — 'Coipp'Sel- 

A.C 1298. <: Marescal [—Marshall], r. m., n. t. h., B. 'l-^om., B; 
"dead," C. «-»om., B, 0. ^-^om., A ; placed after Christo in B ; given 
inC. 

A.D. 1299. i-|iiac, A. ^.je, A. ^ 0, B. « q, A. ^ ii., B ; eile, A. 
^ a, B. b 1303, OTerhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1303, n. t. h., 0. 

II. 945). The grandfather was 
probably William Marshall the 
younger, Earl of Pembroke, who 
died, without legitimate issue, in 
1231 (Z). I., 1. 1872). 

^ Bishop of Cork. — Robert (called 
Mao Donnchadha in the .4. X. C), a 
Cistercian, was elected in 1277 (D.I., 
II. 1346) and died in 1302 {ii. V. 



I. — The Christian name was 
Gerald. Formerly archdeacon of 
Limerick ; elected bishop in 1272 
or —3 (D. /., II. 943) ; died appa- 
rently in 1302 (i5., V. 59). (No- 
779, ii. IV,, giving the death in 
1301, appears out of place.) 

^ Grandson,etc. — This is confirmed 
by the surname, le Marshall {B. I., 



ANNALS OF tJLSTER. 



399 



mond, rested in Christ. — Miles,^ bishop of Limerick— that 
person was grandson^ to the Leinster Earl — rested in Christ. 
—The bishop of Cork,* a Grey [Cistercian] monk, rested 
in Christ. — Ruaidhri,sonofDomnainjaEaghra,futureking 
of Luighni, rested in Christ. — Great murrain that year on 
cattle.— A great foray was made by Aedh, son of Cathal 
[TJa Conchobair], on Tadhg, son of Cathal [Ua Conchobair] 
and on Sitrec, son of the Cairnech Mag Lachlainn, [in 
Magh-]Cetne.— Donn Mag TJidhir, king of Fir-Manach, 
namely, the first king of Fir-manach of the sons of 
Mag TJidhir, rested in Christ. — Master Stephen^ O'Bragain, 
archbishop of Cashel, rested in Christ. 



[1302] 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 10th of the moon,] a.d. 
12991 [1303]. Nicholas^ Mac-Mail-Isu, archbishop of 
Ard-Macha, the one cleric the most godly and pious that 
was in Ireland in his own time, rested in Christ. — Mael- 
Sechlainn^ Mae Briain, bishop of Oil-finn, rested in Christ. 
Donnchadh* Ua Flannaga[i]n, abbot of the Buill, assumed 
the same bishopric after him. — DiarmaitUaFlannaga[i]n, 
chief of Tuath-Ratha, and his two sons and many others 
were killed by a party of the house-folk of Domnall, son 
of Tadhg Ua Concobuir, in Bun-duibhe, in driving away 
a prey he took with him from Magh-Cetne. — Toirdhelbach 



[13031 



64). (No. 782, lb. IV., assigning 
the obit to 1301 seems misplaced). 

^Stephen. — See 1253, note 1, 
supra. Died July 25, 1302, (D. I., 
V. 93) and was succeeded by 
Maurice, the archdeacon, whose 
election was confirmed by Benedict 
XI., Nov. 17, 1303 (Theiner, p. 173). 

[1303] ^I2gg = 1303 of the 
A. L. G. 

^ Nicholas.— ^ee [1270], note 4, 
eupra. Died in the first half of 



1303 (D. I., v. 235). His successor, 
John, was appointed by Clement 
v., Aug. 27, 1305 (Theiner, p. 174). 
The causes of the delay are set 
forth in the Ball. 

^ Mael - Sechlamn.—See [1297], 
note 5, supra. Died before March 
8, 1303 (Z). /., V. 179). 

* Donnchadh. — Donatus is the 
Latin alias in the royal assent to 
his election, June 28, 1303, {id. 
233-4). 



400 aNMalcc ulccoti. 

bac htia "DomnaiU, fi Tifie-Conaill 7 TC]m\ice\izac TTlas 
•phlannca'&a' 7 T)or)n Caca[i]n 7 "Donncaxi nflac 
ITlenman 7 CCext TTlaclTlenTTian, ['Da]mac[rtiic]inT)-pi1filei- 
5inn hUi "t)omnaill7'Kliall,TnacNeillhtli bui5ill7Tnac 
hUgoirai 7 a mac 7 a "DefibpacaiiT, 7 CC-oam Satroal, 
^oill 7 ^aeTDil iriTDa aili^ ofin amac tio map.ba'o'' la 
hCCex) htia ii-"OotnnaiU, le [a] T)e]ibiaa^aiti (ipein,' iT)on, 
caifec TnuinceiT.i-'Peo[T)acain]°). — Isliall TTlac S^^^"^" 
■phinnen qoieuic in [Chiai)xo]- — Cifiec*^ moifi x>o ■Denum la 
Clainn-TTluificefiz^ais a muinnceifi-CiTiaeOT 7 TTluip.- 
cepcac ITlac Con[8h]nama, aDbuifi caifig ITIiii'Tinceiii- 
Cinaeca, tio maiaba'D 75016 ajx 111 cyieic fin.' — Sluag^ im6]a 
le fig Saxaii 1^ n-CClbain 7 cacpaca miTia -do jabail 
A 66a I tJoiB 7 in c-1apla 7 501 ^l 7 S^ce™!^ "oo "otil a hejiinn, 
cablac mop, 7 neyic -do jaBail ap CClbancaiB "ooib. 
TJeboiTi aOuiic,7)e]fibifia€aiifi in^ lapla, 'o'eg ap coTOecc t)6 
X)o'n tr-f luage-D f in 1 Caiafiais-pepsufa, axiai§'KloT:la[i]c.-"' 
— TDomnall 65 (aliaf,'' ixuax)") TTlag Cafiprais, fii "Oep- 
TTluman, quieuir; m [Chpifco]. — IDasnuf 1Tlaj^ 8haiT?- 
.|ia'Da[i]n, i;aifec "Cellais-eacac, mopcuuf efc. 

(^beapoi'D' picomaf, oijpi Clomne-geiaailc, moificutiip 
ere.') 

B67c[bif.J ]cal. Ian. [p." 1111., I. m.i.,"] CCnno 'Domini m.-'ccc."" 
[-1111.°] 1n Cunnuaif, ben^ Ricaip'o a Oupc, lapla Ula'D, 
mopcua efc. — Uaicep^ a buyic, cigpi in lapla cecna,^ 
mopT:uur efz. — Concobtip, mac CCefia bUi Concobaip, T)0 
mayiba'D la lloibefic hUa piaicbepcai^ ia|i° n'-oenum 
mebla "oofon ap, "Ohonnca'D htia piai^beptjai^ 7 in z- 
OibepT: hifin "do cuicim ap in lacaip. cecna." 

'pliom., A. ("Da and rtiic in 1. 3 are from thejjd. Z. C.) ^a, A. 'an, 
B. i^MoT) Ices, B. ^f\—this, B. «om.,B, C. * ofiti, added 
by a scribal error, A. «•« itl., n. t. h. (The letters within square brackets 
are worn away.), A ; om., B, C. "om.,B, C. s Opposite this entry, r. m., 
n. t. h., B, is : 5ti|itib' uittie fin a-p cof mait gtiifi,' b'e •ooiaoin'De [tjelbooT) 
— so that for that reason it is likely that this was (the castle) Tibbot built. 
^-^ 0. m., n. t. h., A ; om.,. B, C. " n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1300. 'bean, A. ^ t)(j,j;gp,^ _^. =ce'Dna, B. " 1304, overhead 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1304, n. t. h., C. <^'' om., B, C. 



AI^NALS OF ULSTEE. 401 

Ua Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill and Muircertacli Mag [1303] 
Flannchadha and Dona 0'Catlia[i]n and Donnchadh Mac 
Menman and Aedh Mac Menman, [i.e. two grand-]soD[s] of 
tlie Lector Ua Domnaill and Niall, son of Niall Ua Buighill 
and Mac Ughosai and liia son and his brother and Adam 
Sandal[and]manyother Foreigners and Gaidhil in addition 
were killed by Aedh Ua Domnaill, [namely] by his (own) 
brother (that is, the chief of Muinnter-Feodachain). — 
Niall Mac G-illa-Fhinnen rested in Christ. — A great foray 
was made by the Clann-Muircertaigh into Muinnter- 
Cinaetha and Muircertach Mac Con[Sh]nama, future chief 
of Muinnter-Cinaetha, was killed bythemonthatforay. — A 
great hosting^ [was made] by the king of the Saxons into 
Scotland and many cities were taken by them. And the Earl 
[Richard de Burgh] and Foreigners and Gaidhil went 
with a large fleet and they got sway over the Men of 
Scotland. Theobald de Burgh, brother of the Earl, died 
on his return from that hosting, in Carraic-Ferghusa, on 
the night of the Nativity. — Domnall Mag Carrihaigh, 
Junior (otherwise the Red), king of Desmond, rested in 
Christ. — Maghnus Mag Shanihradha[i]n, chief of Tellach- 
Eathach, died. 

(Gerald [son of John]^ Fitz Thomas, heir of the Clann- (1299) 
Geralt [of OfEaly], died.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 21st of the moon], a.d. [1304 Bis.] 
1300i[-4]. The Countess,^ wife of Richard de Burgh, 
Earl of Ulster, died. — "Walter de Burgh, heir of the 
same Earl, died. — Concobur, son of Aedh Ua Conco- 
bair, was kUled by Hubert Ua Flaithbertaigh, after [Aedh] 
had practised deceit on Donnchadh Ua Flaithbertaigh and 
the same Hubert fell on the same spot. 



M greathosting,'etc. — The invasion 

of ScoUand by Edward I. in 1303. 

(1299) i[<Son of John].— These 

■words are supplied from Clyn's 

Annals, a.b. 1303. 



[1304] i/joo= 1304 of the 
A. L. C. 

^The Countess. — Margaret, cousin 
of Eleanor, queen-consort of Ed- 
ward I. (£>. 1., II. 2102). 



402 



ccMMaia uLoroTi. 



ICal. Ian. [p" tii., I. n."] CCnno t)omini 171-° ccc" i."*" 
[-u."] muiyiceficac hUa Coticobuip. phailli 7 TTlael- 
mopTia, a btiacaiyi 7 in Calbac hUa ConcoBaifi, maiUe 
•pfii nonbufi afi picic^ ■do maiciB a n)«iT)nT:eiai, -do maiaba-o 
•DO Sha|i^ piapuf^ mac peoyiaif ryie •peall 7 c|i6 meBail 
1 caiplen pheoyiaif. — Caiflen Inn-pi-lieogain -do 'Denani'' 
lefin lafila. — ITlaca 65 naigiUaig -do mayiba'o 7)o 
'Chellac-n'Dtinca'Da. — CCett 65 htla pefigaiL [mopcuuf 
efc]. — TTlai'Dni la hCCe'o, mac Cauail hUi Concobuin, yle 
Clainn-TintiiiT,ceii,t;ai5 aficena a|i Hflomnceifi-Uasaillai^, 
CO n'-Doiicaiifi* anT) piliphtla^ RailiUaig 7 015111 CLamni- 
8uiBne 7 in as buiififice, cenn na n-^alloglac, maiUe 
pfii cec^ ap cecoyicac" -do ■oainib ailib/ — "Coiiiia^elbac, 
mac ^6111 fiuai'D hUi bpiain, quieuic in [Chiaipco]. 

(Mo,* suma-D ayi an jCalainn fo bu^ coifi "Donn 
nflha^ tlTDiyi vo Zetv-") 

A.D. 1301. '.OCX., A; .xx.ic, B. '^•f'apa, A. ''pe\iuf, A. ^n-'Dyiocaii.) 
B. 6 0, A. 6-6 ,,. ^^ jjj^ jp._ ^^ B_ 7 .fl.^ B ; (j,{,e, A. . * 1305, oyerhead, 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1305, n. t. h., C. " om., A. Opposite tHs entry, 1. m., 
u. t. h., B, is : caiirlen nuax) Iniri-he-ojain peii CCnslair — the new castle of 
Inis-Eogain (was iuiU) by the English. ^-^ c. m., opposite tlie date,n. t. h., 
A ; om., B, C. 



[1305] ^/joz = 1305 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Castle. — Castle-Carbury, co. 
Kildare (O'D., F. M. iii. 480). 
The assassination is thus described 
in the Irish Remonstrance (1277, 
note 2, supra) : 

Anglici enim, nostram inhahi- 
tantes terram, qui se voeant mediae 
nacionis, sic sunt ah Anglicorum 
de Anglia ceterarumque naoionum 
moribus alieni, quod non mediae, 
sed extremae perfidiae naoio pro- 
piissime possunt appellari. Ab 
antique enim fuit illis haec reproba 
et abusiva consuetude, quae apud 
illos nondum desinit, sed quotidie 



magis invalescit et roboratur : viz. 
quando iuvitant ad oonvivium 
aliquos nobiles nacionis nostrae, 
inter ipsas epulas, vel dormitionis 
tempore, invitatorum hospitum, 
nil mali suspioaucium, sine mise- 
ricordia effuderunt sangninem 
suum: detestabile convivium hoc 
modo terminantes. Quo taliter 
facto, interfeotorum amputata 
capita eorum inimicie pro peouniis 
vendiderunt. 

Sicnt fecit PetrusBrunyohehame, 
baro, proditor nominatus et nimia 
solemnis, Mauricio de S\leg6: 
[OfJfalyP], oompatrino suo et 
Calvaoho, fratri suo, viris valde 



iNNALS OF ULSTER. 



403 



Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 2nd of the moon], a.d. [1305] 
1301i[-5]. Muircertach Ua Concobuir Failghi and Mael- 
mordha, his kinsman and the Calbach TJa Concobhair, along 
with nine and twenty of the nobles of their people, were 
killed by Sir Pierce MacFeorais [Birmingham], through 
treachery and through deceit, in the castle^ of Mac Feorais. 
— The castle^ of Inis-Eogain was built by [Richard de 
Burgh] the Earl. — Matthew Ua RaighiUaigh Junior was 
killed by the Tellach-Dunchadha. — Aedh Ua Ferghail 
Junior [died]. — A defeat [was inflicted] by Aedh, son of 
Cathal Ua Concobuir and by the Clann-Muircertaigh also 
on the Muinnter-Raghaillaigh, so that Philip Ua Raighil- 
laigh and the heir of Clann-Suibhne and Mag Buirrce, 
head of the Gallowglasses, together with one hundred and 
forty other persons, fell there. — Toirdhelbach, son of Niall 
Ua Briain the red, rested in Christ. 

(Or it may be on this year^ [the death of] Bonn Mag (isoi) 
Uidhir should be.) 



mgenuis et valde apud nos nomi- 
natis, iuvitans ipsos ad convivium 
in feato Sanotiasimae Trinitatia 
[Jun. 13], ipso die, refeotione com- 
pleta, statim cum surrexerunt de 
menaa, cum viginti quatuor homi- 
nibus de sequela sua, orudeliter 
jugulavit, ipsorum capita care 
vendens eorum inimicis. Et cum 
pro isto seelere regi Angliae [Ed- 
uardo I.], patri scilicet istius regis 
[Ed. II.], aocusatus fuisset, nullam 
de tarn nephando proditore fecit 
correcionera (pp. 916-7). 

The truth of the foregoing is 
amply confirmed- On July 2, 1305 
— within a month after the 
massacre — a writ was directed to 
the Treasurer and Chamberlains of 
Dublin for payment to Peter de 
Bermengeham of £100 granted to 



him by the justiciary s,nd council of 
Ireland, with consent of Richard 
de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and 
GeofErey de Genville [for whom see 
Grace's Annals, pp. 37, 54], to 
subdue Irish felons of Offaly, of the 
race of O'Conoghers and to deca- 
pitate the chiefs of the same race. 
Peter had already sent to Dublin 
the heads of Morierdagh [Muircer- 
tach] and Malmorthe [Mael- 
mordha] O'Conoghers, chiefs of the 
race aforesaid and also 16 heads of 
others of the same race aad their 
accomplices. Witness, J[ohn] 
Wogan, justiciary of Ireland. 
Dublin. (Z). /., V. 434.) 
^The castle. — ^Perhaps Green Castle, 
CO. Donegal. (See O'D. iii. 481.) 

(1301) ^This yem'.—See the last 
entry but one, [1302], supra. 



404 



aw N aloe uloroti. 



A. 66b 



jcal. 1an. [p.," tiii., I. xni."], CCnno 'Domini m.° ccc.° 
11.° '[-131.°] 'Coiiaia7)elbac hUa bjiiain, ^ii 'Cua'D-'muman, 
in c-aen -ouine |iob' oiiae5X)a^ 7 fiob' pep,yi ag^ 7 ejnum, 
■peifi" Ian "do 'oep.c 7 -do cpaba'D 7 ifiobo mo fia^" "oobi 1 n- 
Gyiinn 1 n-a aimfip i:ein, qmeuiu in Chiaifco.'' 'Donnca'Dl 
hUa bpiain/amac, 'DO Pisa's 1 n-a ina'o. — peyigaL TTlas 
■Ragnaill, caifec TTluinciiie-bGolaif, "do map.ba'o te [a] 
T)e|ibp.a'ci\ib^ ipein" 7 la bloig "o'a oi^iecc 1* meBail. — 
Caga'D" mop. eceyi CCe'o, mac eogain hUi Concobuip., pi 
Connaro 7 maiui Sil-moipe'Dail ap aen pip 7 CCe'o, mac 
Cacail hUi Concobuip 7 mopan "do macaiB caipec Con- 
nacc map aen pe coipecailS 7 oipecuaib na Opeipne apcena 
'munSinainn pepecpimip nocecaip,con-'Depna'Dt!p7)pem 
■DO macaiB pig (Leva, mic Carail, popbaip ipna "CiiaraiB 
map aen pe pocpai'De, gupgaBpac cpeaca 7 aip5n[i} 
■piann, mac pacpa [tl]i phloinn, a'obup caipig Sil- 
nriailptianaig 7 bpian, mac "Donnca-Da piabaig htli Con- 
cobaip, map aen pe 'oainiB im'Da[ib] ailib^ 'oomapba'S ap 
ltip5 na cpeice 'Do'n coip. ITlopan Ti'^afvo^ vo na 
cpeacaiB 7 blog aile^ "do bpeic af. 1p lac cpa ba pepp 
'Dobi annpin : fluaTOpi, mac Cacail bUi Concobuip 7 
'Donnca'D, mac Concobuip in copain, mic pepgail, mic 
"Oonnca'oa, mic TTluipcepcais. Tnic "Oiapmaca, a'obup 
pig Sil-TYlailpuanaig ap ag, ap einec, ap egnum, conni'ce 
in la pin. 1p e'D pai'nic peime co longpopi: [t(]i Chonco- 
buip 7 loipgip pailip pig Connacc, map aen pe cigiB in 
longpoipi:;. Oeipip paip Gee's hUa Concobuip 7 benaip 
an cpec tie 7 mapbcap e lapcam." — 'Donnca'D hUa® 
■piai€bepT:ai5, eppuc Cille-ala'o, pai n-einig 7 cpabai'o 

A.D. 1302. '50m., A. ==a'D, B. s.^^ecaiij, A. <■ a, A, 
8 0, A. '•1306, overhead, u. t. h., B ; alias 1306, D. 
<i om., A ; quieuit, C. 



11., MS. (A), 
om., B, C. 



[1306] 1 IJ03 = 1306 of the 
A. L. C. 
2 Cell-ukdli.^'Ki'MB,. See[1280], 



note 2, supra. O'Maherty died 
before the end of May, 1306 (i>. 1., 
V. 627). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 405 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 13th of the moon], a.d. [1306] 
1302i[-6]. Toirdhelbach Ua Briain, king of Thomond, 
the one person the most distinguished and best in victory 
and prowess, a man full of charity and piety and of most 
prosperity that was in Ireland in his own time, rested in 
Christ. Donnchadh TJa Briain, his son, became king in 
his stead. — Ferghal Mag Raghnaill, chief of Muinnter- 
Eolais, was killed by his own brothers and by a part of 
his sept, in treachery. — Great war [took place] between 
Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht and 
the nobles of Sil-Muiredhaigh with him and Aedh, son of 
Cathal Ua Concobuir and many of the sons of the chiefs of 
Connacht together with the chiefs and septs of Breifni 
also, along the Shannon for the space of three months or 
more, until a party of the sons of kings [on the side] of 
Aedh, son of Cathal, made an encampment in " The Terri- 
tories " with a strong force, so that they took many preys 
and spoils. Flann, son of Fiachra Ua Floinn, future chief 
of Sil-Mailruanaigh and Brian, son of Donnchadh Ua 
Conchobair the Swarthy, along with many other persons, 
were killed in the rere of that prey by the pursuing party. 
Much of the preys was held fast and another part was 
wrested. These indeed are the best that were there : 
Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ua Concobuir and Donnchadh, son 
of Concobur "of the Groblet," son of Fergal, son of Donn- 
chadh, son of Muircertach Mac Diarmata, one fit to be 
king of Sil-Mailruanaigh for felicity, for generosity, for 
prowess up to that day. This is [what Donnchadh did] : 
he went forward to the stronghold of Ua Conchobuir 
and burned the palace of the kings of Connacht, along 
with the houses of the stronghold. Aedh Ua Concobuir 
overtakes him and wrests the prey from him and he is 
killed after. — Donnchadh Ua Flaithbertaigh, bishop of 
Cell-aladh,^ most eminent of the Gaidhil for liberality and 
piety, died in Dun-buinne, in the end of Spring before 



406 



ccMMaLcc ularoTi. 



na n-'^cti'Del, "oo e^ i^ n-"Otin-buiniie i^ n-'De|i6'6* eyipaic 
B 67d fieimefin, ag 7)til -do OCu-cliccc 7 [a] a-onticlal 'ym^ 
VClrnhnn-afixi,^" 1 caig Tintii|ie co honoiaac. — TTlailifcep 
'Comaip Nadu, afici'oeocan Tlaca-bo^ 7° 1:050 efpuic na 
lieclu[i]fe cectia," in Chifiifco quieuic. — Roibeyir; a 
bixioif, mojamaep,, tdo ^abail fiigi n-CClban° ai^ eipn 1 n- 
asai-D^^ |ii5 Saxan. — "Oomnall 'CuiiiciT.ec 'Neill vo 
mafiba^ 1* coifil^^ le luce C151 h\l^ NeiU. — Safi UiUiam 
PlHnn-Dfiogaf, laiTHfie 65 ba mo^^ noi- 7 ei'nec 7° log fiobi 
1 n-Gjainn 1 n-a aimipeifi -pem, niop,t;utif efc — Cpec mop, 
■DO "oenum -do Clainn-ITluiiaceificaig 1 Ciaic-Caippiai, -on 
ayi'mapbaxi Daibic hUa CaeiTia[i]n, bptigai'D moji conaic 
7 'Donncaxi TTlas btii'Deca[i]n 7 -oame inroa eile. — 
bfiian cayiiiac h-ea§fia -do mai^ba'D hUi pianna5a[i]n. 
— Pecintif T;uauala[i]n, bicai|i Cille-efpuic-[b]poin, 
qtaieuic in Ch|iifco.° — 'Micol hUa* "Oonncaxia, facapc 65 
T)obi 1 n-'T)|itiini-cliaB, vo mafiba-o iDo'n ^ei^T^an 'ouB "oo 
na baiiae7)acai6 gan cin,5an a-obup,, accmaficifia 'o'^m^'(^■c 
paifi. Ocuf gac aen ^e^Uf paiue|i -do jiarc a anma, 
acaic fe^* pcic-'* la logai-D aigi gac nieinci[ti] -gehzay^^ 



■do. 

(Mo,' suma-D 
TTlas UiDefi-O 



ati in ]Calainn fi bUD coifi "Oonn 



A.D. 1302. '0,8. 8.y,A. "Y"' B- '"-teanti-ceariTi, B. "-a'6, A. 
12-et, B. i^rndp, (the positive), B. "-" .ui, xx.ic, A, B. '^geBof,— ,4e 
reciics (ti), B; followed by C. >■ i n-CCtbain— ire Scotland, B. '•' 66a. 
f . m,, n. t. h., A ; om., B, 0. 



^Bishop- elect. — See [1284], note 
3, supra. 

* Rohei't Bi-uce. — He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Eiohard de 
Burgh, Earl of XJlster, in 1303 
(Grace). As his assumption of the 
Scottish crown took place in 1306, 
there is a prolepsis of four years in 
the textual date. 



^ Toole, etc. — The translator of C 
misunderstood the construction : 
"taken by king of Scotland per 
force, against the king of England's 
wiB." 

s Cell-espuip \_£]roin.— Church oj 
Bishop Bi-on (Bronus, episcopns, 
L. A., 12d) : now Killaspngbrone, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



407 



that, in going to Ath-cliath. And he was buried honour- [1306] 
ably in the Muillen-cerr [MuUingar], in the house of Mary. 
— Master Thomas O'Naan, archdeacon of Rath-both and 
bishop-elect* of the same church, rested in Christ. — E-obert 
Bruce,* Great Steward, took^ the kingship of Scotland by 
force against the king of the Saxons. — Domnall O'Neill 
of Tuirtre was killed by accident by the household of Ua 
Neill. — Sir William Prendergast, a young knight of the 
best repute and liberality and disposition that was in 
Ireland in his own time, died.— A great foray was made 
by the Clann-Muircertaigh into the country of Cairpre, 
wherein were killed David TJa Caema[i]n, a large, sub- 
stantial yeoman and Donnchadh Mag Buidhecha[i]n and 
many other persons. — Brian Carrach O'Eaghra killed TJa 
Flannaga[i]n. — Peter 0'Tuathala[i]n, vicar of Cell-espuic- 
[BJroin,^ rested in Christ. — JSTicholas Ua Donnchadha, a 
J oung priest that was in Druim-cliabh, was killed by the 
" Black Horse " of the Barrets, without guilt, without 
reason, except to inflict a violent death upon him. And 
every one that shall say a Pater for the good of his soul, 
there are six score days^ of indulgence for him, as often as 
it is said by him. 

(Or it may be on this year^ [the death of] Donn Mag (1302 
JJider should be.) 



bar. of Carbury, co. Sligo (O'D., 
F. M. iii. 482). 

''Six score days. — On Oct. 8, 
1309, Clement V., in view of tis 
devotion to God and the church, 
granted to the soul of the knight, 
John Havering, at the request of 
his son, the arohbishop-elect of 
Dublin : omnibus vere penitentibus 
et conf essis, qui devotis orationibus 



divinam pro eius anima misericor- 
diamimploraverint, singulis diebus, 
quibua apud Deum huiusmodi ora- 
tiones effundent, viginti dies de 
iniunotis sibi penitentiismiserioor- 
diter relaxamus. Presentibus post 
triennium non valituris (Theiuer, 
p. 180). 

(1302) 1 This year.— See (1301) 
note 1, swpra. 



408 



ttMNccla ulcroTi. 



A 660 fCal. Ian. [p."!., L ocx.1111.*], CCnno "Domitii 1T1.° ccc.° 111.° 
[-«ii.°] ttii|iiTit: hUa^ Lact;na[i]n, efpuc Cille-mic- 
nT)uac, manac liccc, qtnetiir; in [Chiaift;o]. — Gc-Difiuini 
O-TTlaine "oo lofcaxt le -Dpeim "do macaiB jii^ O-KTlaine. 
— ^oil-L Tloipa-coniain uile 'D'['p]oifiba no maiaban la 
"DonncaTi Cellaig, |ii hUa^-TTlaine, 05 CCc-efciiac-Ctian, 
■ou icpocaifi pilip tnumncepj" Sean ITluinTDcep" 7 TYlaiu 
X>^m, mail aen yie ■oamiB ailiB,^ eceyimaiiba'D 7 pagbail^ 
7 gabaiL. T)o gaboD ann "Diai^maic ^all TTlac T)ia|i- 
maca 7 Coyimac TTlac Ceicepnaig 7° fioleigeti* af a 
f ocyiame'Da po cumuf . Ocuf jiogaban ann pop" Seipinam* 
Hopa-Comam 7 -do leigen* ap lac ap r;pill 7 noponpac 
pic ap pon in^ baile vo° lopcan pe hemtinn baicillep." — 
enubapT), pi Saxan, t;i5epna na hGpenn 7 bpecan 7 
CClban, mopcuup epc. — 'Donnca'D pianna5a[i]n, eppuc 
Oil-pmT)/ quieuic in [Chpipco].— "Dotnnall, mac 'Caixij, 
mic Opiain, mic CCnnpiap, mic Opiain Luigm's, mic 
■Coipp-Delbaij moip, canupci Connacc, pep Ian -o'egnum 
7 -o'einec, pai° coiccennj^a mapba'olahOCe'Dm-bpeipnec, 
mac Cacail ptiain htli Concobtiip. — Tiom-g," mac TTlail- 
[Shjeclamn, mic "Donnca'oa, mic "OomnaiLl, mic 
TTlasnupa, mic 'Coippiielbais, peicem coiccenn im bian 
7 im ellac, a mapban "oo Cacal, mac "DomnaiU, mic 
"CaiTis." — "Donncax) ITltiimnec Ceallaig, pi O-TTlaine, 
pai coim-oep' im° gac ni, quieuic in [Chpipco]. — UiUiam 

A.D. 1303. iQ, A. ^11., B; eite, A. ^^ogbail, A. «-7, MS. (A). 
" an, A. ^ Oilepinti, A. ^ 1307, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1307, n. t. h. 
C. "'" om., B, C. "^ 7 — and (given in C) is required before this word in 
B. The omission was, no doubt, accidental. =■= coicceti[n] i n — {general 
in), B, C. 



[1307] 'zj<?y. = 1307 of the 
A.L. C. 

^ Ua Lachtnain.— Elected, in 1290 
{D. L, III. 759); died before 
March, 1307 {ih. V. 622). 

^ Ath-escrach- Cuan. — Ford of the 
ridge of ISt.] Cuan; Ahascragh, co. 



Galway, "where the memory of St. 
Cuan is still held in great venera- 
tion " (O'D., F. M. iii. 487). 

' And, etc. — Literally, together 
with other persons, between killing, 
and abandoning, and capturing. 

^ Sheriff. — Perhaps Richard (Je 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 409 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 24tli of the moonj a.d. [1307] 
1303^[-7]. Laurence Ua Lachtna[i]n,2 bishop of Cell-mic- 
Duach, a Grey [Cistercian] monk, rested in Christ. — 
Echdruim of Ui-Maine was burned by a party of 
the sons of kings of TJi-Maine. — The Foreigners of 
all Ros-comain were in great . part kiUed by Donn- 
cbadh O'Cellaigh, king of TJi-Maine, at Ath-escrach.- 
Cuan,^ where fell Philip Munnter and John Munnter 
and Matthew Drew and* other persons were either 
killed, or left [wounded], or captured. Diarmait 
Mac Diarmata the Foreigner and Cormac Mac Ceither- 
naigb were taken there and their forces were allowed to 
depart under condition. And the Sherifi^ of Ros-comain 
was also taken there [along with his force] and they were 
all allowed to depart upon sufferance. And they made 
peace. [This happened] because tbe town [of Ahascragh] 
was burned by Edmund Butler. — Edward, king of the 
Saxons, lord of Ireland and tbe Britons and Scotland, died.^ 
— Donnchadh'^ 0'Flannacha[i]n, bishop of Oil-finn, rested 
in Christ. — Domnall, son of Brian, son of Tadhg, son of 
Andrew, son of Brian of Luighni, son of Toirdhelbach 
Mor [Ua Conchobair], tanist^ of Connacht, a man full of 
prowess and of generosity, a general scholar, was killed by 
Aedh the Brefnian, son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir the Red- 
— Tadhg, son of Mail-[S]echlainn, son of Donnchadh, son 
of Domnall, son of Magnus, son of Toirdhelbach, general 
benefactor respecting food and cattle, was killed by Cathal, 
son of Domnall, son of Tadhg [Ua Conchobhair]. — Donn- 
chadh O'CeUaigbthe Momonian, king of Ui-Maine, expert 



Exon, keeper of the castle of Bos- 
commoii {D. I., V. Index, Roscom- 
mon, . Richard de Exon). 

^ Died.— July 7, 1307. Hence, 
there is a prolepsis of four years in 
the text at this year. 

7 Dounchadh.—Ses [1303], note 4, 



supra. According to the eulogistic 
obit in the A. L. C, he died June 
22, 1307. 

8 Tanist Prom the liiaktanaise, 

second. It signifies the next to the 
kingship, the heir-presumptive. 

2d 



410 



aNNCcla uLccDTi. 



B67denasmac|2heoifiaiir, aifi'oerptic'Cuama, | to -out [co' Tloim'].— 
Cofiom -00 ■cctbaipr; "do ifii^ Saxan 7 bjaecan 7 etxenn, 
n)OTi,'D'ex)Ubap.T) 05.— OCilbi, 1 risen "CaTOsEUli Concobuifi. 
mopcua eipt;. — Clann-Tntii|icepcais "ooSecc 1 TTlas-Cecne 
7 apbannaCifiici-Caiifipifii 7Tnoifian D'apbuifi 1^1116-110116110 
7 in Copmnn vo lofca'o leo. Ocuip Wn coifc ipin 7)0 
mayiba-D 'Ca'DS, mac masnufa. 'Oo maifiba'D lafin Cacal 
cecna. — mail-[8h]eclainn SaipmlesaTO, caifsc Ce- 
ne[oi]l-TY1od[i]n, quieuic in [Chpipco]. — TYlctsnur nflas 
Oiifieccaig quieuit; in Chpiipco. 

[t),^.] ICal. Ian. [11.^ p., I. o.^'], OCnno 'Oomini m.° ccc.° 1111.° 
[-uiii.°] nioiiicfieac -DO "oentim 7)o HTlaelifiuanais TTlac 
"Oiapmaca ap. macaiB "Oomnaill hUi Concobuiti. 1 Cpic 
Caifipiii. Cjieaca 1nnol[^a vo "oenum -do CLainn-Tlluiticeifi- 
traig ap. na macaiB cet:na 7 fiac ap, n-tjenuni fica p,einie 
|ii« 7 ap cabaipc bytaiset: "doiB 7 tjo TpeallaDUii. ofifia 

A66d lapcain. | Octif'DOsli]aiye'DUtinanieic|ionipoco8liaB-en 
7 ni Kiuca-Dup. leo ace a n-eic 7 a n-ei'oe'D 7 a n-gpoige. CCp. 
n-a cloiipcin fin tio ^hallailS 0-piacpac 7 Lui5ne,T)0 cinoi- 
lea'Dup. cuca 7 "do leanuTJUfi lat; co mullac 8leiBe-6n 7 
■DO innTODUp. meic 'Oonnca'Da 7 meic T)omnaill yiiu, 
guifi'ceice'Dup na ^oill p.ompo 7 co cuca'b mai'Dm poj^tio 
CO ieic efa-T)aria. Ocup -do mapba'D leo "Comag TTlac 

A.D. 1303. " om. in MS. (A) ; owing, most probably, to the similarity 
between coYioitn and co]p.oin (the opening word of the next entry). 



9 To Borne. — Doubtless, in refer- 
ence to the charges brought against 
him [1297], note 5, supra. 

C ends this year with : "William 
Biimingham, archbishop of Tuam ; " 
leaving the entry incomplete, as it 
stands in £. 

1" Young Edward.— 'Eiyra.id. II. 
was orownedFeb. 24, 1308. "But 
the years were computed from July 
7, as appears from the Bed Book of 
the Exchnguer : Data regis E., filii 



regis B., mutatur singulis annis in 
festo Translationis S. Thomae, 
Martyris, viz. VII. Idus JiJii." 
Hampson: Medii Aevi Calendaritim, 
London (no date), vol. 2, p. 413. 

The meaning of the native anna- 
list is that he succeeded to the 
crown on the death of Edward I. 

" Same Cathal. — Son of Domnall, 
mentioned in the seventh entry of 
this year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 411 

proficient in every thing, rested in Christ. — William Mac [1307] 
Feorais [Birmingham], archbishop of Tuaim, went to 
Rome.^ — The crown was given to the king of the Saxons 
and Britons and Ireland, namely, to young Edward.^" — 
Ailbi, daught of Tadhg Ua Concobuir, died. — The Clann- 
Muircertaigh came into Magh-Cetne and the crops of the 
country of Cairpre and much of the corn of Tir-Oilella 
and the Corann were burned by them. And on that 
expedition was killed Tadhg, son of Maghnus [TJa 
Conehobair]. He was slain by the same Oathal [Ua 
Conchobair].ii — Mail-[S]echlainn O'G-airmlegaidh, chief of 
Cenel-Moa[i]n, rested in Christ. — Maghnus Mag Oirech- 
taigh rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 5th of the moon], a.d. [1308 Bis.] 
1304^[-8]. A great foray was made by Mailruanaigh Mac 
.Diarmata on the sons of Domnall Ua Conchobuir in the 
country of Cairpre. Great forays were made by the 
Clann-Muircertaigh on the same sons, although these'' had 
made peace previously with them and had given pledges 
to them ; but they acted treacherously towards them after- 
wards. And the sons went forward to Slaibh-en and took 
nothing with them except their steeds and their accoutre- 
ments and their [pack-]horses. When that was heard by 
the Foreigners of Ui-Fiachrach and of Luighni, they 
assembled their forces and followed them to the summit of 
Sliabh-en. And the sons of Donnchadh and the sons of 
Domnall turned upon them, so that the Foreigners fled 
before them and defeat was put upon them as far as the 
Flagstone of Es-dara. And Thomas, son of Walter [de 



[1308] ' 1304 = 1308 of the 
A. L. C. ; -which, however, fall 
into a serious error (repeated by 
Mageoghegan in his Annals) by 
stating that Easter fell in March in 



this year. It was (XVII. F) April 
14. 

'' Tliese- — Namely, the Clann- 
Muircertaigh (for whom see O'Do- 
novan, F. M. iii. 492-3). 

2d2 



412 



ccNMala ulccoti. 



ballT;ai]fi, Conipcabla bona-pnne 7 a t>e\ih\iava\^ 7 
"oairie aili. — Cyiec T)i5alT;a vo •Denom xi'CCev, macCacml, 
afi Uuaixipi, mac Ccccail, ayi a -oeiabiiacaiiri pein. Ocuf 
tnagnuf, mac TTlalnuipa, "oo mafibax) leif 7T)aineaili. — 
1map, TTlac ^eibennaig quieuic in [Chiufco]. — Soignen 
ceine'D'DOTOicim 1 TTlainifciiinam-OpacaplTlof-Comain> 
guifi'bifiif in Tnainift;ip. — T)omnall,macComaifibaComain, 
aiiaciTieocan Oil-pinn, quieuiT: in Cbiaifco. — . . , bicaiyi'' 
Clain-mnfi, mopr;utif efz; quinco IxiUf pebpuaiiii. 

jCal. 1an. [p.°iiii., I. x-ui.,"] CCnno t)omini m.°ccc.°ti.° 
[-ix.°] OCe'D, mac Sogam, mic Ruai'Dyii, mic OCe'oa, mic 
Ca-cail Cyioib'oeiiT.s, mic 'CoijxiT.'oelbais moiyi hUi Conco- 
buiifx, pi Connacc 7 ve^arihviifi. aiyi'Dpig Gpenn 7 in c-aen 
^ai'oel yiob' pep-ifi elniim 7 einec ; p.o bo mo 7 iiob' pejafi 
t)el6cainic bfiian bopuma anuaf, do map,bax) le hCCe-o 
m-bfiei-pnec, mac Cacail bUi Concobtnyi, (7*" in -oael 
hUa Soclaca[i]n -do fm lam "oo "o'a mafibati le cuaig, 
iDon, boT)ac fU'Daipe") 1 Coill-in-clacain 7 mopan do 
niaicib a muinncepi. Ocuf if lac fo na maici fin : 
iDon, Concobuf TTlac "OiafmotJa 7 "Diafmaic fua'D, mac 
"CaiDg hUi Concobuif, 7 "Oiafmaic, mac Cacail caffaig, 
TTlac "Oiap maca 7 CCexi, mac TTluif cefcaig, mic 'Caitis, mic 
TTIailfUanaig. T)iafmaic heiliDC, flaiubfUsaiD fob' 
peff 1 n-a aimfif fein 7 ^it-la-na-naem TTlac CCe'DU5a[i]n, 
ollam Connacc 7 Gfenn 7 fai coimDCf 1 n-gac ceifo, -do 
coicim -Do'n luce foif 'fin lo cecna 7 pa^afcac 

A.D. 1304. b-beeo, f . m., t. h. ; the first part of the entry is illegible. 
A.D. 1305. b-i- r. m., u. t. h. (A) MS. 



^I'ell.—Ou the night (eve) of St. 
Stephen's Day, according to the 
A. L. C. and Mageoghegan. 

^ iSuceesaor of ISt.} Coman. — That 
is, abbot of Roscommon. The 



A. L. O. 
O'Conor. 



state his name was 



[1309] ' 1303 = 1309 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Coill-in-clachain. — Wood of the 
{stepping") stones. "In Kiloloaghani 
in the territorj' of the Bre[f]ne," 
Mageoghegan. Probably (O'D., 
F. M. iii. 490), Kilologha, parish of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 413 

Burgh], constable of Bun-finne and his brother and other [1308] 
persons were killed by thern. — A retaliatory foray was 
made by Aedh, son of Cathal [Ua Conchobhair], on 
Euaidhri, son of Cathal, that is, on his own brother. And 
Maghnus, son of Maghnus [IJa Conchobhair] and other 
persons were killed by him. — Imhar Mac Geibennaigh 
rested in Christ.— A bolt of fire felF on the Monastery of 
the Friars in Ros-comain, so that it broke down the 
Monastery. — DomnaU, son of the Successor of [St.] 
Coman,* archdeacon of Oil-finn, rested in Christ. — . . . , 
Vicar of Clain-inis, died on the 5th of the Ides [9th] of 
February. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 16th of the moon], a.d. [1309] 
1305i[-9]. Aedh, son of Eogan, son of Euaidhri, son of 
Aedh, son of Cathal E,ed-hand, son of Toirdelbach Ua 
Concobuir the Great, king of Connacht and one worthy to, 
be arch-king of Ireland and the one Gaidhel that was best 
of prowess and hospitality ; that was greatest and best of 
figure that came from Brian Boruma downwards, was 
killed by Aedh the Brefnian, son of Cathal Ua Conehobuir, 
(and " the Chafer " Ua Sochlacain, namely, a boorish 
tanner, it was that stretched out a hand towards him to 
kill him with a hatchet) in Coill-in-clachain.^ And many 
of the nobles of his people [were slain likewise]. And 
these are the nobles : to wit, Concobur Mac Diarmata and 
Diarmait the Red, son of Tadhg Ua Concobuir and Diar- 
mait, son of Cathal Carrach Mac Diarmata and Aedh, son 
of Muircertach, son of Tadhg, son of Mailruanaigh [Ua 
Conchobair]. Diarmait O'hEilidhe, a chieftain-yeoman 
that was the best in his own time and GiUa-na-naem Mac 
Aedhuga[i]n, oUam of Connacht and of Ireland and 
accomplished sage in every science, fell by the eastern^ 

Drumgoon, barony of Clankee, co. i ^ Eastern. — Namely, the Brefnian 
Cavan. j portion of the foroep. 



414 aMNttlCC tlLCCT»Tl. 

"OoiBilen "DO luce cip 'Comalcai§ TYlic "Oonncai'o. — Cfiec 
■DO 'benum la hOlev, mac 'Cauail hUi Concobuip, ap 
TYluiifipf TTlac TDonticai'D 7 a gabail pein. — Cacal, mac 
iri LiaTOnaig, abb na 'CfiiTioi'Di,'ooco5a['o]cum eypucoi-De 
Oil-pnn. — Uilliam bujfic vo cocc co hOiL-pinn aifi eif 
[tl]i Concobtiip TO mayibax) 1 CotinaccaiB 7 Sil-TTIuijfie- 
Tiais "DO vabm\iv ci§efinu[i]ip 7)o mac Cauail" hUi Conco- 
A67a btnyi. — Ruai'&ifii, mac Camil° 7 piainn | vo -oul, 
mayxcfluaig, a|i a TTlacaiiie 7 mac TTlic 'Pheo|iaif vo 
mafibaTi leo. — Coinne "oo xienum "o'tlilliam 0\i\ic 7 -00 
ChonnaccaiB yie mac Ca^ail 'ma CCc-flifen. bpife'D 
coinne ecofifia 7 mai-om "do iaha\\iz ajfi mac Cacail ann. 
"Opeam "D'ammnnciifi vo mafiba-o. Uilbam Oupc "oo ^ul 
CO TTlaini-pT^iiT, na buille 7 Clann-Tntiifice|ir;ai5 t)0 cecc 
1 'Ciifi-n-Oilella. CCfxbwifi imxia "do lofcaxi 7 -do riiilliU'D 
-DoiB. TTlac Uilliam "do vecz afi Coifiia-fliaB anuaf. 
nriac Cacail "do cup. af a longpofic ■do 7 "Oonncoo 
pinacca vo maiaba-D -do €ofac fluaig TTlic Uilliam 7 
"oaine aili. — Cpec -oo xienum le TTlac Uilliam 1 Clion-o- 
phep,mui5e. Cpec aile leif co beinn-^ulban 7 ni if 
pa'oa Tpi'ip- — Concobup, mac bpiain ifiuai-D hUi bpiam, ■oo 
majfibaxt. 

A.D. 1305. " E ml (=Cctcail), (A) MS. 



* Cathal. — Born in 1270, accord- Premonstratensian Order," got his 



ing to the A. L. C. On the death 
of Donough O'Flannagan ([1307], 
note 7, supra), the canons elected 
Malaohy (Mac Aedha, Mac Hugh), 
canon of Elphin, who was in Minor 
Orders. The dean, however, re- 
fused to take part in the election, 
betook himself elsewhere and, hav- 
ing nominated Charles (Cathal), 
"abbot of the monastery of the 
Holy Trinity of Loch Ke of the 



selection confirmed (archiepisoopo 
in remotis agente) by Master 
Keginald, Official of the Armagh 
curia, and had his nominee conse- 
crated bishop (in Armagh, A. L. C 
ad an. 1307). Whereupon, Malachy 
appealed to the Curia (in Avignon). 
After due canonical proofs, which 
are detailed in the EuU of appoint- 
ment, 0' Conor, who appeared 
neither in person, nor by proxy, 



ANNALS OF UL^Ell. 



415 



people on the same day and Faghartach O'Doibhilen by 
tlie household people of Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh. — ^A 
foray was made by Aedh, son of Cathal TJa Concobuir, on 
Maurice Mac Donnchaidh and [Maurice] himself was 
taken prisoner. — Oathal/ son of the Liathanach [Grey-Ua 
Conchobair], abbot of the Trinity [Island, Loch Ce], was 
chosen to the bishopric of Oil-finn. — William de Burgh 
came to Oil-finn after [Aedh] Ua Concobuir was kiUed in 
Connacht and the Sil-Muiredhaigh gave lordship to 
[Ruaidhri] the son of Cathal Ua Concobuir. — ^Ruaidhri, 
son of Oathal and O'Flainn went on the Plain [of Connacht] 
and the son of Mac Feorais [Birmingham] was killed by 
them. — A meeting was held between WiUiam de Burgh 
and by the Connachtmen [on the one side] with [Ruaidhri] 
son of Oathal, [on the other] near Ath-slissen. The meeting 
was broken up between them^ and defeat inflicted on the 
son of Cathal there. Some of his people were killed. 
"William de Burgh [then] went to the Monastery of the 
Buill and the Clann-Muircertaigh came into Tir-Oilella. 
Much corn was burned and [much] destroyed by them. 
Mac "William came down past Corr-sliabh. The son of 
Cathal was put out of his stronghold by him and Domnall 
O'Finachta and other persons were killed by the van of 
the host of Mac "William. — A foray by Mac William in 
Clann-Fermuighe. Another foray by him to Benn- 
Grulbain and farther downwards.® — Concobur,^ son of 
Brian "CTa Briain the Red, was killed. 



[1309] 



was deprivedof the Seeand Malaohy 
appointed thereto by Clement V., 
June 22, 1310 (Theiner, p. 180-1). 

The A. L. C. state he enjoyed 
the revenue for three years and a 
half. The text is consequently 
four years predated in this place. 

His death took place in [1843], 
infra. 



" Meeting-tfiem. — Literally, break- 
ing of meeting [took place] between 
them. 

° Dovmwards. — Towards the 
north, which is the reading of the 
A.Z. C. 

' Goneobur. — See the first entry 
of the following year. 



416 ccMMCclcx; ulcroTi. 

■jCal. Ian. [u.'p., L xx.un."], CCnno T)omini m.° ccc" 
tii.f [-x.°] Concoboyx hVta btiiain, mac tiig fob' ^e'fiy. -do 
leic Vno%a, •DO maiaba'D -do ria gallaiB -otiba i meBail. — 
Cjieca moyva -oi^la -do -DentiTn le hCCe-o m-bineipiec 7 le 
ClaiTin-niuiricei-it:ai5 artcena ayi TTlaeliiuanais TTIac n- 
"Oiapma-Da 7 "OonncaTi, mac "Oonncatia.'D'aiasain 7^)0 5a- 
bail 7 a muinnceifi "oo mayibax) 7 vo gabail 77DO loi"cax(. 
Octif abeti'ooma|\ba'D,iT)on,in5enht(ipianna5a[i]n7mna 
7 p\i^ imx)a aili ipop. — IPefi^al TTlas T)oticai'D quieuii: in 
[Chyiifco]. — Una, injen CCetia, mic peiT>limre, "o'e-^- — 
8ltiai5eT> le Seppfiaig 'Peyisail co t)un-UaBaiifi, mv 
afi'mapba'D TDomnall, mac OCe^a 015 [Uji pbeyigait 7 
CCex), mac mail-lipu 7 ^aTpTpyiaig, mac TTl uiiriceia-cai5.— 
Caiflen bona-pinne "Dolofcax) 7 T)'aifi5ain, ezeii cyiuacaiB 
7 t;i5ib, le ■Ruai'Diii. m^ac Cacail 7 le hCCef», mac TTlasntif a 
7 le mum'Dciyi OCexia bfieipnig apcena. — ■pmnguala, ingen 
TTflasnupa [U]i Choncobinti, v'e^. — CCex> bjfieipnec 
Concobuip,, ■Degatibtifi aijiTDTiis Connacc 7 in mac p| ip 
pei;xyi caini'c TTIuiaca-o, mac b|iiain [bop-uma], anuap, 
a mapba-D le ITlac Ui'oiTin (i-oonj^Seonas ITIac UiBilin"),. 
iT)on, buana ■do bi ap congmail ai^i pein, 1 peall 7 a 
met5ail ap cennaitiecc "oo popaTi. — pici cunna pina -do 
cup po cip 1 ITla^-CeT^ne in can pin. — Caiplen Slijiti vo 
•oenum leipin lapla. — peifdimi'D, mac CCexia, miceogam, 

A.D. 1306. " 'fefi (i.e. p with, siglum for eyi overhead), MS. "■'= itl,, 
r. t. h.,MS. 



[1310] ' IJ06 = 1310 of the 
A. I. C. 

^ Black Foreigners. — "Probably 
used to denote the English lately- 
come over, who were black stran- 
gers in comparison with the Eng- 
lish-Irish " (O'D. F. M. iii. 494). 

^ Snrned. — From the burnings 
that took place on the occasion the 
incursion was called Crech-in-toiten 
(foray of the conflagration), accord- 



* The castle, etc. — This is copied by 
the Four Masters. A longer account 
is given in the A. L. G. 

^ Killed. — See the fuller descrip- 
tion in the A. L. C. {ad an.) and in 
Mageoghegan (O'D. iii. 496). 

^ Mercenary . — The buana was a 
soldier paid partly in money, partly 
in victuals. ' This system of pay- 
ment was called buanacht (Anglo- 
Irish, bonaght). A proportion of 



jng to the .4.i. C "wages in money," " dietts in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



417 



Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 27th of the moon], a.d. 
1306i[-10]. Conchobur IJa Briain, the son of a king that 
was the best of the Half of Mogh was killed by the Black 
Foreigners^ in treachery. — Large retaKatory forays were 
made by Aedh the Brefnian, and by the Clann-Muircer- 
taigh also on Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata and Donnchadh, 
son of Donnchadh [Mac Diarmata] was despoiled and taken 
prisoner and his people were [either] killed or taken 
prisoners, or burned.* And his wife was killed, namely, 
the daughter of Ua Flannaga[i]n and many other women 
and men also [were killed]. — Ferghal Mac Dorchaidh rested 
in Christ. — Una, daughter of Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua 
Conchobair], died.— A hosting by Greoffrey O'Ferghail to 
Dun-Uabhair, a place where was killed Domnall, son of 
Aedh Ua Ferghail junior and Aedh, son of Mail-Isu and 
Godfrey, son of Muircertach [Ua Ferghail]. — The castle* 
of Bun-finne was burned and despoiled, both [corh-]reeks 
and houses, by Ruaidhri, son of Cathal [Ua Conchobair] 
and by Aedh, son of Maghnus [Ua Conchobair] and by 
the people of Aedh [Ua Conchobair] the Brefnian besides- 
— Finnghuala, daughter of Maghnus Ua Concobuir, died. 
— Aedh Ua Conchobuir the Brefnian, worthy heir of the 
arch-king of Connacht and the son of a king the best that 
came from Murchadh, son of Brian [Boruma], downwards, 
was killed^ by Mac Uidilin (namely, Johnock Mac 
Uibhilin) : that is, a mercenary^ that was kept by himself 
[as a body-guard] did it in treachery and deceit for a 
price. — Twenty tons of wine were put [i.e., washed] 
ashore in Magh-Cedne that time. — The Castle of Sligech 
was built by the Earl. — Feidhlimidh, son of Aedh, son of 



[1310] 



money," aud " dietts in viotuells " 
" in the Bonaghte " is set forth in 
" The rate of the wages of the 
Galloglas," etc. (^Tracts relating to 
Ireland, Ir. Areh. Soc, II. p. 87 sq.). 
For the two kinds of Bonaght, see 



Dymmok's Treatise of Ireland (ib. 
p. 8). 

In a secondary sense, Bonaght 
signified the soldiery thus main- 
tained. 



Hi 



aNMalcc ularoti. 



AS7b 



a n-ina'D a crcaifi pem. — Co|imac pianna5a[i]n, caif ec 
■Cuaici-pcrca, vo map.ba'ole Tlenpi TTlac ^il^l-e-lP^innGin, 
caifec miiintir;eifii-peoT)aca[i]n, a peall. — ■ma[c] Cfiaic 
Tiricts tli'Dip, ifii7)amna pep-TTlaTiac 7 "OoniTiall ITlac 
^ille-TTlicil, caifec Clainni-Consmle, no milliut) 7 vo 
loi^ccro le TI00I6 TTlas Tyihcrc^amna. — CCiiilaim'' TTlas 
Ui'Diifi, i7)on, mac "Duinn cafipaig, caifec TnuinnT;e|ii- 
PeoT)aca[i]n, mopcutif eyv 14 Ical. lulu, 1306." 

ICal. Ian. [tii.°p., I. ix.,"] CCnno 'Oomini TTl." ccc.° tin." 
[-3Ci.°] Ctiec mop, -do -oenom le Clainn-ITltiiificeiacais 1 
Connacca 7 ^illa-CpifT;, mac TTluiirisiipa, mic 'Donnca'Da 
TPic "Diayimaca, vo mayiba'D ann 7 GCev, mac Co]fimaic 7 
Uilliam THac giUe^aWoci^ 7 "Dotinca'D, mac 'Comalcai^ 
7 "oaine im-oa aili. — T)a TTlac Uilliam letv a bufic ■00 
mapba'D "oo na macaiB fiig l/ai5neca[iB]. — Sluai^e'o moi^ 
le hUilliam Oti|ic .ifin TTlumaiTi 1 n-osaTO in ClafiaTO 
7 car "DO cabai|it; ■ooiB 7 mai-om 7)o €abaip cap, in Clayiac 
ann 7 Uilliam bupc ap "Defie'D a muinncepi a^ lenmain 
in ma'oma. Ocup p-oe po gaba'D, ip aigi "do Bi copcuifi in 
maDma. — "Cav-^ hCCinli'De ^0 mayiba'D la Siuyican 
"D'Gifeciaa. — Cosa-o moii, 1 Cua'o-TTlomain ifin bliat)ain 
fi 7 car 7)0 cabaific t)0 'Obonnca'D TTlac Conmapa 7 "o'a 
oiyiecc, iTJon, vo 'Cifiica-cec O-Caipm, i n-aigai'S h[t!]i 
bpiain 7 pep TTluman «ile. Ocup "Oonnca'S TTlac Con- 
mapa -do mapbaxi ann 7 mairi a oipecca uile 7T)omnall 
^paTja, caif ec C6ne[oi]l-T)tin5aile. Ocup dp ■oiaipmixie 
ecoppa, ler ap lee. — 'Oonnca'D OOpiain, p,i TTluman 7 

A.D. 1306. ^-^ 67a, i. m., t. h., MS. 



[1311] ^Ijoy = 1311 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Batik was given. — At Bunratty 
CO. Clare, on Ascension Day, 1310 
fClyn); May 20, 1311 (Urace). 
These data supplement and coirect 



each other, enabling the true year 
to be determined. In 1311 (I. C), 
Easter fell on April 14 ; Ascension 
Day, on May 20. The text conse- 
quently anticipates by four years. 
'ffi«e(i.— The A. L. C. state that 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 419 

Eogan [Ua Oonchobair, became king] instead of his own 
father. — Cormac 0'Flannaga[i]n, chief of Tuath-Ratha, 
was killed by Henry Mao Gille-Finnein, chief of Muinter- 
Peodacha[i]n, in treachery. — Ma[c] Craith Mag Uidhir, 
royal heir of Fir-Manach and Domnall Mac Grille-Michil, 
chief of Clann-Conghaile, were pillaged and burned by 
Ralph Mac Mathgamna. — Amhlaim Mag Uidhir, namely, 
son of Donn Carrach, chief of Muinter-Peodacha[i]n, died 
on the 14th of the Kalends of July [June 18], 1306. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 9th of the moon], a.d. [1311] 
1307^[-11]. A great foray was made by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh into Connacht and Qilla-Crist, son of 
Maurice, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmata, was killed 
therein and Aedh, son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata] and 
William Mac GiUe-Arraith and Donnchadh, son of 
Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata] and many other persons [were 
killed]. — Two sons of William de Burgh the Grey 
were slain by the Leinster sons of kings. — A great 
hosting [was made] by William de Burgh into 
Munster against De Clare and battle was given^ by 
them and defeat was inflicted on De Clare there. 
And William de Burgh was at the rere of his force in 
following up the defeat. And, though he was captured, 
it is with him the triumph of the defeat remained. — Tadhg 
O'hAinHdhe was killed* by Jordan de Exeter. — Great war 
in Thomond in this year and battle was given by Donn- 
chadh Mac Conmara and by his sept, namely, by the 
Cantred of Ui-Caisin, against Ua Briain and all the Men 
of Munster. And Donnchadh Mac Conmara was killed 
therein and all the chiefs of his sept and Domnall O'Grada, 
chief of Cenel-Dunghaile [were killed]. And countless 
slaughter [took place] between them, side for side. — 

O'Hanly was slain in pursuit of the I Luirg (barony of Boyle, 00. Eos- 
party led by de Exeter into Magh | common). 



420 



ccMMttla uLaroti. 



a-obup pi§ ejaenn, tio map.ba'D a melSail t>o TTluiica'D, mac 
nioc^amna [t[]i Opiain. — Loclamn yuabac 'Oeaja'D'DO 
Tnayiba'D le ITlcrc^aniaiTijmac "Oomnaill Connafcais [UJi 
Ofiiain. — Seonaj TTlac tlisilin vo mapbaxnti ^yiuelaig i 
m-Oaile-cobaiia-biai5'De 7 a maiaboTi ■pein iitd. Ocup if 
TDo'n 5e]T,iri'pa[rTi]OTi5 ■o'aii'maifiB pe Gee's biaeipnec 
Concobuifi, fi Connacc, vo mapba'a e pein. — Cfiec -do 
■fientim le peitilimixi Concobuif, pi Connacc, ap Clainti- 
imt]iiacep.T;ai5, ap bopi-o TTltiili-Cecni. Ocup imael- 
fteclainn, mac Concobuip.'p.tiaifi, piif 1 p,aicea C e a n n in 
m 61 5 1 1, T)o mayiboD ann 7 "oami eile. — "Oomnall bUa 
Tl«aiiT.c, fi bfeipne, moificuup epc. — "Oiafimaic Cleiyiec 
hUa bpiain mopicuup efn. — irTltiip.ceiiT;ac bfimin -do 
Ifii^a-D. — 'Domnall Obipin,caipec 'Cipie-biaiuin, quietiic in 
[Chfipco]. — giUa-lfU 0T)alai5, ollam T)ana, quieuic in 
[Chfipco]. 

A67c[bip.] Ical 1an. [uii.° p, I. xx.'], CCnno T)oniini TTl." 000." uiii.° 
[-x.° 11.°] UiUiam TTlac ■pheofiaif, aip.-oeppuc "Cuama, in 
Chp,ipT;o quieuic. — beinixiecT; bifia5a[i]n, eppuc Uiigne. 
quietiit; in [Chfiipco]. — ITlalaci mag OCexia, eppuc Oil- 
Tpint), t)0 TO5a['Dj cum aip'oeppucoi'De 'Cuama- 

fcal. Ian. [11." p., I. \-% CCnno 'Oomini Tn.° ccc.° ix.° 
[-x.iii.°] Clemenf papa mopicuup epc. — Rex Pi^anci[a]e 
mop-cuup epc. — ^'^^'^'^IT'^ 1^c(5 T)opcai'D -do map,ba^ -do 



* Gruelach. — TKe name here in- 
tended has not been identified. 

^ Baile-tohair-Brigck, — Town of 
the well of [St.] Brigit (Balintober, 
CO. Roscommon). The well " from 
which the place took its name is yet 
in existence here, but not regarded 
as a holy well" (O'D.iii. .500). 

''Killed.— In [1311J, supra. 

^ Head of the Harvest-band. — So 
called, in all probability, from hav- 



ing devoted himself to agriculture 
rather than to warfare. 

[1312] ^1308 = 1312 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Malachy. — On the death of Bir- 
mingham, the Chapter elected (per 
viam compromissi) Philip, dean of 
Tuam- He having refused to con- 
sent, the Chapter in the same 
manner chose Malachy of Elphin 
([1309J, note 4, supra). The bishop 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



421 



Donnehadh Ua Briaia, king of Munster and one fit to be [I3li] 
king of Ireland, was killed in treachery by Murchadh, son 
of Mathgamain Ua Briain. — Locblainn O'Deagbadh the 
Swarthy was killed by Mathgamain, son of Domnall Ua 
Briain the Connacian. — Jobnock Mac Uigbilin killed the 
Gruelacb* in Baile-tobair-Brigbde^ and himself was kiUed 
[immediately] therefor. And it is with the sbort [handled-] 
axe wberewith bs killed^ Aedb O'Ooncobuir the Brefnian, 
be was killed himself. — A foray was made by Feidhliraidb 
O'Concbobuir, king of Oonnacht, on the Clann-Muircer- 
taigb, on the verge of Magh-Cetne. And Mael-Sechlainn, 
son of Concobur the Red, who was usually called Head 
of tbe harvest-band'' and other persons were 
killed therein. — Domnall Ua E-uairc, king of Breifni, died. 
— Diarmait Ua Briain the Cleric died. — Muircertach Ua 
Briain was made king. — Domnall O'Birn, chief of Tir- 
Briuin, rested in Christ. — Gilla-Isu O'Dalaigh, professor 
of poetry, rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 20th of the moon], a.d. [l3l2Bis.] 
1308^[-12]. William Mac Feorais [Birmingham], arch- 
bishop of Tuaim, rested in Christ. — Benedict 0'Braga[i]n, 
bisbop of Luigbni [Achonry], rested in Christ. — Malachy^ 
Mac Aedha, bishop of Oil-finn, was chosen to the arch- 
bishopric of Tuaim. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 1st of the moon], a.d. [1313J 
1309i[-13]. Pope Clement [V.] died.^— The king of 
France died.^ — G-illa-Isu Mag Dorchaidh was killed by 



submitted himself in the matter to 
the decision of the Curia and pro- 
ceeded to Avignon, in company with 
the capitular proctors. Having 
been questioned and approved by 
three examiners deputed ad hoc, he 
was transferred to Xuam by Clement 
v., December 19, 1312 (Theiner, p. 
185.6). The text accordingly is 



antedated by four years. 

-[1313] i/jop = 1313 of the 
A. L. G. 

"'•Died. — This obit is five years 
antedated. Clement V. died April 
20, 1314. 

^Died. — A similar prolepsis of 
five years. Philip le Bel of France 
lived until 1314. 



422 



ccNMala ularoTi. 



Concobufi Capiiac TTlac "Omifimaca. ~ 'Ca'Dg, ITIac 
CCnniniaf, ■o'ej. — Cocal, mac V(]vi\icava Capiiais h[tl]i 
pbeifisail, quieuit; in [ChiaiftJo]. 

ICal. 1an. [iii.° p., I. x.ii°] OCtitio 'Ootnim m.° ccc.° x.° 
[-x.° 1111.°] 'Niall 'Oomnaill occifUf efc — TTIai'Dm 
intiinnce)ii-Tlai5iUai5 ic T)iauim-le€an le RoaTOiii, mac 
Cocail [tl]i Concobuiifi. — masntij", mac "Oomnaill h[tl]i 
Gasfxa, tio majaba'D leTTIasnufjmac Uilliam [tl]i Go^iaa, 
1 peall. — Wialt, mac Oiiiain bUi Neill, in T;-aen mac |ii§ 
Ifio bo linmuipe 7 fiob' peiiyi maic[i]up bo bi a n-Gfiinn 1 
n-aen aimfiti yiif pein, quieuit; in [Chyiifro]. 

]Cal. 1an. [111.' ip., I. cc.ii.,''] CCnno "Domini m.° ccc.° 
cc." 1.° [-cc.° 1111.°] in oca TTIas r:i5eiT.na[i]n "do mayiba'D 
■DO Cbocal Ruaiyic — Miall 'Domnaill 1)0 ma^ibati le 
hCCe'D n-TDomnaill. — TTlaca TTIaj [T)b]ui6ne, e^puc na 
bpeipne, X)'e5. — 'RoolB TVlas Tnoc^amna -do mapba'S v'a 
bpairpiB pein. 

ICal. 1 an. [1111." p., I. xocm,"] CCnno "Oomini HI." ccc.° 
x.° 11.° [-x." u.°] Sluag-loinseip mo1^ -do cecc a hCClbam 
le "Defibifiacaiia ^,15 CClban, le heDuBap-o, 1 cfiicaib Ula'D. 
Cpeca mojfia -do wnum "do ap. muinnciii in lajalajap 
^allaiB na tTlTOe. Sluag mofi "do €inol 'Do'n lapla 1 
n-agaiT) na n-CCLbanac. pei'olimi'o, mac OCe'Sa hUi 
Cboncobuiyi, i^i Connacc, vo "oul leifin. SLuog mop aile 
A67d "00 cinol I le Tluaixifii, mac Cacail [t(]i Choncobuip, 1 



* Tadhg. — According to the eulo- 
gistic account in the A. L. C, he 
was grandson of Turlough Mor 
O'Conor, and died a monk in the 
abbey of Boyle. 

[13U] i/y70 = 13U of the 
A. L. C. 

" Nidi. —The entry in the Four 
Masters states that he was grandson 



of Turlough O'Donnell, who was 
slain [1303], supra. 

Vj/Z=13U of the A. L. C 
From this to the textual year 1366 
(=1869) inclusive, the dating is 
three years in advance. 

*Niall. — A repetition (with the 
name of the slayer added) of the 
first entry of the textual year 1310 
(=1314). 



AN(^fALS OP ULSTER. 



423 



Conchobur Carrach Mac Diarmata. — Tadhg,* son of 
Andrew [Ua Concliobair], died. — Cathal, son of Murchadli 
Carrach Ua Ferghail, rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon], a.d. 
1310i[-14]. Ni'alP O'Domnaill was slain.— Defeat of the 
Muinter-Raighillaigh [was inflicted] at Druim-lethan by 
Euaidhri, son of Cathal Ua Concobuir. — Maghnus, son of 
Domnall Ua Eaghra, was killed by Maghnus, son of 
William Ua Eaghra, in treachery. — Niall, son of Brian 
Ua Neill, the one son of a king who was most bountiful 
and best in goodness that was in Ireland at the same time 
as himself, rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon], a.d. 
1311*[-14]. Matthew Mag Tigerna[i]n was killed by 
Cathal O'Euairc. — Niall* O'DomnaiU was killed by Aedb 
O'Domnaill. — Matthew Mag [Dh]uibhne, bishop of the 
Breifni [Kilmore], died. — Ralph Mag Mathgamna was 
killed by his own kinsmen. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 23rd of the moon], a.d, 
1312i[-15]. A great fleet-host came from Scotland with 
the brother of the king of Scotland, that is, with Edward 
[Bruce],^ into the territories of UKdia. Great forays were 
made by it on the people of the Earl [de Burgh] and on 
the Foreigners of Meath. A great host was collected by 
the Earl against the Scotch. EeidhUmidh, son of Aedh 
Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht, went with that. Another 
great host was collected by Euaidhri,^ son of Cathal Ua 



[1316] i7J7^=1315 of the 

A. L. C. 

^Edtaard[Bmce].—'Foi the pro- 
ceedings of the Bruoes in Ireland, 
see GrUbert's Viceroys, p. 131 sq. 

3 iB«oirfAn.— According to the 
J. L. C, instead of employing the 



force to aid Bruce (the ostensible 
purpose for which it was raised), 
Euaidhri marched unopposed 
through the province, in the ab- 
sence of Feilim, and had himself 
inaugurated king of Connaught. 



[13I3J 



[1314] 



[1316] 



424 



annccia: uLccoH. 



Connacca. Caiflena "do lopgccD 7 T)0 byiifiUTt. — CCe'o, 
mac KTIasTiUfa [Uji Concobuiji, vo map.ba'o le Ccrcal, 
mac"Oomnaill[tl]i Concoboiii. fTlasnuf, mac ITlasnuipa, 
in mac ^115 1^ob' peinii eitiec 7 egnom 7)o bi ■do Conna&aiB 
7 "Oomnall, a "Depbpacaiji, ■oo mayiba'D in la a\i namayiac 
Lefin pep cecna. "Diaifimaic, mac 8imoin na cpaga, 
■DO majfibax) in la "oo maiibati CCe'D, mac ITlasnufa [tl]i 
Concobuiji, lefin Clainn cecnaan-T)i5aila n-aca|i. — Cac 
Do'n 1 apla -D'on 'D-afia lee 7 D'e^ubatiT) co n-a ■pe'oain -oo'n 
le^ aile, 5U|^'mai'Dm[e'o] apin lafila 7 aja^allaiB ayicena- 
Ocuip "DO Saba's ann tlilliam bui^c 7 -oa mac TTlic-in- 
mhili'D. — Tnac^amam ■ma5Tla5naill,T;aifec1Tluinncefii- 
heolu[i]f, -DO mafibaS le TTlaeltiuanail ITlac n-T)iafi- 
maca, yxi TTItiise-ttiiiis 7 TTlailiTiia'Daig, caipec TTluinn- 
ceiT.i-CeaiT.balla[i]n 7 mofian T)o TTltiinnT;iia-eolu[i]if' 
afiaen piu. Concobup. yiua'o, mac CCexia bfieiTpnig, tdo 
mapbax) ann. — TTlaelptianais ITlac 'Diapmaca 7 ^i^^©" 
befi-D Ulac ^oii^elB vo cecc 1 TTlas-Luiixs 7 cfieaca -do 
■Donum T)OiB. Ocuf puca-DUfi ben "Oiapmaca ^a[i]ll leo 
7 7)0 aip^eDaiT. uile muin[n]i;i|i "Oiapmoca 5a[i]Ll. — 
■Cainic Gee's "Oomnaill pa caiplen SIiji'd 7 'oo cuaf 
paipleip. ■Ruai'Dfii, mac T)omnaill [Uji Concobtiifi, 'do 
mayiba'D le "Oepbopsaill, ingen Tnognupa [U]i Cbonco- 
buifi, ap cennaiSecc "do ceicifin galloglac. 



'Father, — Domnall O'Conor, 
father of Cathal, was Blain in an 
enconnter with Hugh O'Conor the 
Brefnian [1307], »«/)>■«. According 
to the A. L. C, he was wounded in 
the contest by Dermod, son of 
Simon. Hence the vendetta here 
mentioned. 

^ Was fought. — At Connor, co. 
Antrim (A. L. C. and Grace). 

^ William de jBtirjf A.— Probably, 
the son of the Earl. 



' Mathgamain, etc. — See the 
A. L. C, ad an. (Rolls' ed., i. 175). 

8 Maelruanaigh, etc. — See the 
A. L. C. {ib. 577). 

" Derborgaill. — According to 
Mageoghegau (O'D. iii. 609-10) 
and the A. L. C, the reduction of 
Sligo and the assassination of Eory 
were to avenge the slaying of her 
father (second entry of this year) by 
Domnall, brother of Rory. 

'» Was done. — Giveu at 1216 in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 425 

Conchobair, in Oonnacht. Castles were burned and [1316] 
broken down. — Aedb, son of Magbnus TJa Concbobuir, 
was killed by Oatbal, son of Domnall Ua Ooncobuir. 
Magbnus, son of Magbnus, tbe son of a king wbo was best 
of bospitality and prowess tbat was of tbe Connacbtmen 
and Domuall, bis brotber, were killed on tbe morrow by 
tbe same man. Diarmait, son of Simon of tbe Strand, 
was killed on tbe day on wbicb was killed Aedb, son of 
Magbnus Ua Ooncobuir, by tbe same Clan, in revenge of 
tbeir fatber.* — A battle [was fougbt]^ by tbe Earl on tbe 
one side and by Edward [Bruce] witb bis force on tbe 
other side, so tbat defeat was given to tbe Earl and to tbe 
Foreigners besides. And "William de Burgb^ and tbe two 
sons of Mac-in-Mbilidb were taken prisoners there. — 
Matbgamain^ Mag Eagbnaill, chief of Muinter-Eolu[i]s 
and O'Mailmbiadbaigb, chief of Muinter-Oerballa[i]n 
and many of Muinter-Eolu[i]8 along witb them were 
killed by Maelruanaigb^ Mac Diarmata. Concobur the 
Red, son of Aedb [Ua Conchobair] tbe Brefnian, was 
killed there. — Maelruanaigb* Mac Diarmata and Grilbert 
Mac Goisdelbb came into Magh-Luirg and forays were 
made by them. And they took away with them tbe wife 
of Diarmait [Mac Diarmata] tbe Foreigner and plundered 
all tbe people of Diarmait tbe Foreigner. — Aedh O'Dom- 
naill came against the Castle of Sligecb and it was reduced 
by him. Ruaidbri, son of Domnall Ua Concobuir, was 
killed by Derborgaill,^ daughter of Magbnus Ua Conco- 
buir. [Tbe deed was donei"] for stipend by a band of 
gallowglasses. 



the A. L. C, according to whicli 
O'Donnell entered the country of 
Cairpre a second time, with a large 
force. On that occasion, Rory 
separated himself from his brothers. 



made peace with O'Donnell and 
received the lordship of Cairpre 
Nevertheless, " in violation of the 
relics of Tir-Conaill," he was slain 
as stated in the text. 

2e 



42G aNMaLcc uLa"Dli. 

B68a[bif.] ICal. 1an. [u." p°, L. iiii."] CCnno "Oomini 171.° ccc. 
x." 111.°^ [-x.o ui.°] SLuag moyi -oo cinol le IPeiTiliTTii'o 
Con cob ui 11 7 Le mac pheoyiaif 7 le ^allailS lapuaiji 
Connacc. 'Cecc ■001b co "Cocup, TTloTia-CoinneTia. HuaiTiiai 
hUai Concobuip t)0 -duI 'n-a n-agaiTi 7° ctimtif[c] xioib 
ap. a ceile. Ruaixiiii htla^ Concobuiifi, |ii Connacc, do 
majiba-D ann 7 T)ia|imait; 5<^ll TTlac T)iairLmaca, fii 
Tnui5i-Luip,5 7 Coifimac mac Ceicepnaig, yn CiajfiaiTie 7 
gaUoglaca uaifb 7 "oaine inToaaili.^ Tligein Coici'd°'do 
jabail 'D'lpheixilimi'D^ ajiip. Ocuf rluas mofi leif 
■o'lnnfaigix) CCm-lecain 7 in baile vo lofgaxi leif. Ocup 
Sleinine v'e\fez\ia, cigepna in baile, -do maiT.ba-D leo 7 , 
in 5o5Ctn«c, in c-aen bapun bafaiyie^Dobi a n-G-pinn, ■do 
mapbax) leo 7 ^oiU inroa aili.^ Ocup e-oala mopa 
■opa^bail DoiB. OC' nop 7 a n-allat) t)o "duI T:a Cpinn, 
Supgiallfac mo^ian doiB.' — Sluaigex) mop. do* comofiaD^ 
A 68a i^gh pei-DlimiD" | map aen fie maiciB ap coicit)° 7 "Oonn- 
ca-D Opiain, pi muman 7 mael-[8h]ecLainn, p 
miDe 7 tlal[5]ap.c Ruai|ic, lai bpeipne (Ual[5]apc' 
Ruaipc DO jabail pigi in ipco anno.') 7 pepgail, pi 
muinncepi-hCCnsaile 7 "CaDg Cellaig, iai 0-maine 7 
magnuf, macT)omnailllitli Concobuip, canopa Connacc 
7CCp.c hea5pa,pi Luigne 7bpian X)uhva,\l^ 0-pacpac. 
CC n-Dul pm uile co hCCc-na-pig. ^oilllapcaip, Connacc 
uile DO cmol 'n-a n-aigiD : iDon, Uilliam bupc 7 in 
ba^aun mac peopaip, cigepna OCca-na-p-ig 7501II Leici 

A.D. 1313. 10, A. 2^1., B; eite, A. Him, B. ^paei^e, A. i> 1316 
overhead, n. t. h., B. " om , A. '' Opposite this place, yinrnvfu, |ii 
Connacc — Euaidhri, King of Connacht— is placed, 1. m., t. h., B. ^ .u. 
(the Latin equivalent for the Irish coic— ^ve) with to overhead. A, B. 
*"'oin., B. s-ETjocunn omoyiax), which is meaningless, B. It can signify 
against (literally unto) [the] Ui-Mordha. But this sense is inapplicable 
here. The reading is a misconception of the A-text. ''•'''do — by him 
(Fedhlimid), A. "t. m., t. h., A; om., B. 



[1316] ^ JJI3 = 1316 of the 
A. L. C. 
2 Killed. — Fidehneus O Conghur 



interf ecit Rororionm, filium Catholi 
Conghur (Grace, ad an. 1315[= 
1316]. His A.D. notation com- 



AXNALS OF ULSTER. 427 

Kalends of Jan. [on Sth feria, 4th of the moon], a.d. [1316 Bis.] 
1313^[-16]. A large host was mustered by Feidhlimidh 
Ua Concobair and by Mac Feorais [Birmingham] and by 
the Foreigners of the West of Connacht. They came to 
the Causeway of Moin-Coinnedha. Ruaidhri Ua Concobuir 
went against them and they engaged with each other. 
Ruaidhri Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht, was killed^ 
there along with Diarmait Mac Diarmata the Foreigner, 
king of Magh-Luirg and Cormac Mac Ceithernaigh, king 
jof Ciaraidhe and noble gallowglasses and many other 
persons. The kingahip of the Fifth was assumed by 
Feidhlimidh again. And a large host was led by him to 
the assault of Ath-lethan and the place was burned by 
him. And Blevin de Exeter, lord of the town and de 
Cogan, the noblest baron that was in Ireland and many 
other Foreigners were killed by them. And many chattels 
were got by them. Their fame^ and their renown went 
throughout Ireland, so that many submitted to them. — A 
great hosting was undertaken by Feidhlimidh, together 
with the nobles of the Fifth [of Connacht] and with 
Donnchadh O'Briain, king of Munster and 0'Mael[-ShJec- 
lainn, king of Meath and Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc, king of 
Breif ni (Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc took the kingship that year) 
and O'Ferghail, king of Muinter-hAnghaile and Tadhg 
O'Cellaigh, king of Ui-Maine and Maghnus, son of Dom- 
nall Ua Concobuir, tanist of Connacht and Art O'hEaghra, 
king of Luighni and Brian O'Dubhda, king of Ui-Fiach- 
rach. They went, aU those, to Ath-na-righ. The 
Foreigners of the West of Connacht all assembled against 
them: to wit, William de Burgh and the Baron Mac 
Feorais [Birmingham],* lord of Ath-na-righ and all the 

menoes on TMCaxoli 25 ; the change 
of the Dominioal Letter, on the 
preceding Jan. 1), 

' Their fame, etc. — A partisan 
exaggeration. How transient was 



0' Conor's pre-eminence, is shown 
in the following entry. 

* Birmingham. — It is worthy of 
note that he was on the side of 
O'Concr in the jrevious expedition. 

2e2 



428 



CCNNttla uLccT)ti. 



B68b 



Cuinn^ uile "Dupnioiri. Cac ■do comofiaT) Leo 7 mai'Drn -do 
mbaiyic ap ^ai'oelaiB ami. peixiliTniT) Concobuiyi 
(mac^ CCe'Da, mic Gogain^), |ii Connacc, •do mafiba'D ann • 
in c-aen -Dume" 11;" mo yie' yiaibe ai^ie pe|i n-G|ienn tiile 
7 p.ob' peyi emec 7 egnum. 'Caxtg htla^ Ceallaig, yii 0- 
TTlaine, "do mafiba'D ann 7 ocuayi a[i piciT; 'D'aift''Dual pgi 
■DO Clainn-Cellaig -do majabaxi ann. CCjxu hBa^iaa, yii 
Luigne, 730 mayibaTi ann. CCci; aen ni, ni'i^'mapba'D 'fm 
aimfiyi fi 1 n-Gfimn in coimlin vo mapbax) ann° "do 
nnacaiB 1115 7 caifec 7 vo DainiB inroa aili^ of in amac- 
RtiaiTiiii, mac tDonncaxia, mic Gogam hUi Concobuip, "do 
11150-0 -do ConnaccaiB. — Sluag* be hUilliam Oupc 1 81I- 
TTluiiT.e-Dai5.' Concobuip 7 Connacca "do •oenum y^ica, 
ace TYlac "Oiafimaca. 'Ceci;' do TTlac Uilliam 1 ITlas- 
Luiiris. Cfieca moyia do cabaipc leo CCc-in-cip 7 
tla&a|i-ciiae 7 in VMfi tube do Lofcaxi 7 do mibbiUD doiB. 
Imcecc DoiB ajpciyi amac layi fin.' 1n TluaiDpi cecna do 
actngaD be 1T1 ac "Diafimatia lap pn. — "Depboyisaibb,' ingen 
TTlasnUfa hlli Concobuip, D'eg.' 

Icab. Ian. [uii." -p., b. ecu./] OCnno "Domini m.° ccc.° x." 
1111.°^ [-x.° tiii.°] 'CoiifiiiDebbac, mac CCeDa,-^ mic Gogain, 
DO ifiisax) be Conna&a. — Roibeac a Oiaiuif, yii CCbban, do 
cecc a n-efiinn maibbe" fie gabbogbacaibl imDaiB 1 ■puiricacc 
ODubaiyiD, a biaacafi pein, do Dicufi ^abb a hG-iainn. — 
TTlaibiia'^ D'eifeqaa, z;i5epna CCca-becam, do maiabaD be 

^The MSS. have qfor cu.— "^ 1316, overhead, n. t. h., B. I'romSlticcsto 
ann, inclusive, is translated ia C at 1312, [alias} 1316. The next year is 
1486. i-Jitl., t. h., A; om., B. ■^'^cci'Det — Gmdhel,B. ' fii-jpi (same in 
meaning as the word in A), B. 

A.D. 1314. ' OaeTia! B. ^ o, B. ^ 1317, overhead, n. t. h., B. " pariaaen 
(same signification as the A word), B. 'i-'^om., B. 



^Battle, etc. — On the feast of St. 
Lawrence (August 10), according 
to the A. L. C, Clyn and Grraoe. 

^ Made peace. — Namely, with de 
Burgh. 



''Mac Diarmata. — Who had not 
made peace with de Burgh. 

8 Deriorqaill.—See [1315J, note 9, 
supra, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 429 

Foreigners of the greater part of the Half of Conn. Battle^ [1316 Bis ] 
was engaged in by them and defeat inflicted on the Gaidhil 
there. Feidhlimidh O'Concohuir (son of Aedb, son of 
Eogan), king of Connacht, was slain there : the one person 
on whom the attention of the Men of all Ireland was most 
directed and who was best in generosity and prowess- 
Tadhg TJa Cellaigh, king of Ui-Maine, was slain there and 
eight and twenty of the Clann-Cellaigh that had right t(i 
kingship [of Ui-Maine] were slain there. Art 0'hEghra,king 
of Luighni was slain there. But [for] one thing, there was 
not slain in this time in Ireland the amount that was slain 
there of sons of kings and of chiefs and of many other 
persons in addition. — Ruaidbri, son of Donnchadh, son of 
Eogan Ua Concobuir, was [then] made king by the Con- 
nachtmen. — A hosting [was made after that] by WilHam 
de Burgh into Sil-Muiredhaigh. O'Concobuir and the Con- 
nachtmen, with the exception of MacDiarraata,made peace.^ 
Mac William [de Burgh] came into Magh-Luirg. Great 
preys were brought by them from Ath-in-chip and from 
TJachtair-tire and the whole country was burned and 
pillaged by them. They went from out the country after- 
wards. The same Ruaidbri was deposed by Mac Diarmata''' 
after that. — Derborgaill,^ daughter of Maghnus Ua Con- 
cobuir, died. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 15th of the moon], a.d. [1317] 
1314i[-17]. Toirdelbach, son of Aedb, son of Eogan [Ua 
Conohobair] was made king by the Connachtmen. — Robert 
Bruce, king of Scotland, came to Ireland^ along with many 
gallowglasses in aid of Edward, his brother, to expel the 
Foreigners from Ireland.— Meyler de Exeter, lord of Ath- 



[1317] i/j^^=13l7 of the 

A. L. C. 

2 Came to Ireland.— Bruce, accord- 
ing to Clyn, came about Christmas, 



1316. But, having regard to Clyn'a 
A.r. notation ([1327], note 4, infra), 
this does not exclude the beginning 
of 1317. 



430 



ccNNttla uLccdTi. 



Cacal, mac T)omnctill htli Concobtnia, ap bofit* T)|ioma- 
cbaB 7 "OomnciU, mac 'Caixtj, mic 'Oomnaill l^ayiaif, "oo 
mapbaxi ann 7 ce1C1^l ftp vec aib. — Caiflen CCm-cliau- 
A68b in-copaiiTD "00 bpifuiT).'' — "Oonncax) htla^ | binain, fii 
TTluman, occifruf efc. — Concobui^'' buToe TTlas "Ciseyx- 
Tia[i]n, caifec "Cellaig-'Dunca'Da, occiftif efc immai'Dm 
CilLe-m6iifie [7] TTlacsamain TTlas 'Ci5efina[i]n 7 1 n 
^illa 11 11 a "D, mac in CCipciiini^ 7 mojian aile ■o'a 
ciniUTP 7 II1C0I TTlac-in-nnhaisifrip. 7 mopan v'a aicme. 
— in aiTim Cille-moip.e a^i mac Puuai'oiai n-^ct^^oglac 
7 ap peyiailS byieipne 7 aia 1Tlhuinnci|x-peoT)aca[i]n, "du" 
1na1^cu1c motian -oo ■Dainib." — TTiael-lfU ifitia'D TDac 
CCe'DU5a[i]n. ve^- — 'Ralnall'' TTlas Ragnaill vo ^alSail 7 
Seppi^ai^ TTlhas Rognaill, caifec "do TDenum "oe." — 
'*5oifiT;a mop ifin blia'oain fi.* 

]CaL Ian. 1." p.°, [l.^'ococui."] CCnno "Oomini m.°ccc.''x.° u." 
[-11.° 111.°] 1Tlait)m'' 1 ii-eiiB aja ^allaib leif CeiiBaiU, 
•DU aiVmafiba'D CC-oam TTIaiiaeif 7 ^O'^^ im-oa eile.'' — 
Sluag moii -00 cinol le TTIaeliatianais TDac n-TDiapmaca 
7 If lac fo : I'DOii, Toiin|iT)elbac Concobiiip, fii Connacc 
7 Concobufi Ceallai^, pi O-TTlaine 7 t1al[5]aiac^ 
Uuaipc, jii bpeipne 7'Uomalr;ac ITiac "Oonncai-o, ci^epna 
'Cbipe-hOilella, "D'ninfaijiTi Cocail, mic TDorrinaiLl, co 
pdfa'D-coille. Ocuf capgai)^ CotoL corfiaxia mo)ia vo 
Uluc 'Oiapmaca vo cmn gan Treacx; CU151 T)o'n°co)i'c pn." 
A.D. 1314 '-" om,, A. ^ fm—that, B. 

A.D. 1315. ^-5, A. ^-gaTO, B. ''■''om.,A. '=-1' Blank space, A, B. 
« 1318, overliead, n. t. h., B. "J-tiom., B. «-»oin., A. 



' Conchoiur, etc. — Thia item should 
foUow the next. 

* The Herenagh.—!^ amely, Mag 
Tighernain . 

^ Mae-in-maighistir. — Son oj the 
master. ' ' This name is still extant 
in the co. Cavan, but generally- 
anglicised Masterson ' (0 D. iii. 
516). 



^Mac Aedhaga[i\n. — "The best 
learned in Ireland in the Brehon 
Lawe, in Irish called Feneohus " 
(Mageoghegan). See the Introduc- 
tion (p. X.) to the lithographed edi- 
tion of the Lebar Breac {Speckled 
Book [of the Mac Egans]). 

^ Great dea/rth — !Frumenti magna 
oaritaa : cranoous valebat 24b, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



431 



lethan, was killed by Cathal, eon of Domnall Ua Concobur [1317] 
on the border of Druim-cliabh and Domnall, son of Tadhw' 
son of Domnall [Ua Concbobair] of Irras and fourteen 
other persons were killed there.— The Castle of the Hurdle- 
ford of the Weir was broken down.— Donnchadh Ua 
Briain, king of Munster, was slain. — Conchobur^ Mag 
Tigherna[i]n the Tawny, chief of Tellach-Dunchadha, 
was slain in the defeat of Cell-mor and Mathgaraain Mao- 
Tigherna[i]n and the Red Gillie, son of the Here- 
nagh* and many more of his tribe and Nicholas Mac-in- 
maighistir^ and many of his sept [were slain].— The defeat 
of Cell-mor [was inflicted] on the Gallowglass, son 
of Ruaidhri [Ua Ruairc] and on the Men of Breifni and 
on the Muinter-Peodacha[i]n, w)ierein fell a great 
number of persons. — Mael-Isu Mac i!kedhaga[i]nS the Red 
died. — Raghnall Mag Raghnaill was taken prisoner and 
Geoffrey Mag Raghnaill was made chieftain. — Great 
dearth'^ in this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, [26th of the moon], a.d. [1318] 
1315i[-i8]. Defeat^ [was inflicted] in Eili on the 
Foreigners by O'Cerbhaill, where Adam de Marisco and 
many other Foreigners were killed. — A great host was 
mustered by Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata and these are 
[they who came] : to wit, Toirdelbach O'Concobuir, king 
of Connacht and Concobur O'Ceallaigh, king of Ui-Maine 
and Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc, king of Breifoi and Tomaltach 
Mac Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella, to attack Cathal, son 
of Domnall [Ua Conchobair], to Fasadh-coille. And Cathal 
proffered large donatives to Mac Diarmata for the sake of 



avenae 16s, Tinum 8d. Universa 
enim regio devastata a Sootis et 
Ultoniis (Grace, a.d. 1317). Pamea 
irrationabilis preValuit, adeo quod 
mensura tritioi de la Cronnook oon- 
tinens 4 galones solvebatur pro 
xxiii. a (Dowlrng's Annals, 1317). 



The ferial number 
the true year is 



[1318]i.rj./5.- 
(1) proves that 
1318. 

^ Defeat, etc. — According to Clyn 
(1318), about two hundred of the 
force of Edmund Butler were slain 
by Donatus (Donough) O'Carroll. 



432 



ccNMaLa ularoTi. 



Ocuf Tiifi'saba-D ua-oa, 5Uii'innfai5eT)ti|i na foci;imT)eaT)a 
fin co^ laiT, a Longpuific 7 niyi'uime 7 iiiifi"ceicexi -oo 
Cacalim in coifc fin. Innfmgif* Cacal afna C1516 
amac 7 cuniufciz: ap a ceile. CCcc en ni, mafib^ifi^ 
ConcolSiiri CeaUaig, fi O-ITlaine 7 bfian, mac "Coiff- 
-oelbaig [tl]i ConcoBuiyi, a-Dbuyi fig Connaci; 7 -oaine 
inroa aib, eve\i itiaflSati 7 leaca'o. Cacal cecna 
■o'lnnfaisiTi Connacc 7 "do hcccpisa'D 'CoififDelbac 
ConcolSuiia. Ocuf 'do §ab Cacal fige Connacc 7 do f oine 
cfeca mofa op ITlac n-"T)iafniaca- — Sedn, mac T)om- 
naill bill ■Meill, ■do mafba-o be hCCe-o n-T)omnailb. — 
RicayiT) a Clafa "oo mayiboTi. — eDtibajXT) a Oimiif, feaiT. 
milbci Gjienn co* coit;cenn, ezefi ^ballaib 7 ^baTOelaib, 
t)0 mafbaD le gctblaiB ep.enn ujie nepc ca€ai5[c]i ag 
"Oun-T)eab5an. Ocuf -do mayibaxi 'n-a pocaip. TTlac 
Ruaixtp-i, fi Innfi-^abb 7 TTlac "Oomnaill, fi CCef,[^]eifi- 
^baiDel/ map. aen pe hctp na n-CClbanac uime. Octip 

B680 111 -oepnax) | cup "Domain gnim bux) pepp "o'eipinncaib 
ina'n* ^nim pm.'^ Uaip camic gopca 7 "Die "oaine 

A 680 pe [a] linn a n-Gpmn uile | co coiccenn pe" hea-o T;pi m- 
blia-oan co lee'' 7 "do lUDip na 'Dame a ceile ^an amopup 
a\i pile epenn. — Sepppaig bUa^ pepjail, caipec na 
hCCngaile, quieuic in [Chpij^co]. — Snecca mop ipin 
bliaxiain pin.^ — Seann pep^ail'Domapba'D-o'aen npcup 



poigDe. 

A.D. 131.'). ^5U, A. i-jtif, A. 
8 0, A. 'no— or, B. e om., B. 



-cufi, A. ''50,B. '■ Oiifiiii-gaTOil, B. 



' There was not fear, etc. — Mean- 
ing that it "Was not througli dread 
of his foes, but to avoid bloodshed, 
the offer of Cathal had been made. 
Hence there is no warrant for 
Mageoghegan's : " which he seeing, 
having none other remedy, he tooke 
heart anew." 

* Killed. — In Derry, according to 
the A. L. C. 



"De Ckre.— The battle (for an 
account of which, see Historical 
Memoir of the O'Briens by J. 
O'Donoghue, p. 126-7), we learn 
from Clyn, was fought on the 
morning of Thursday, May 11. 
This ooncurrende denotes 1318. 
The text is thus three years pre- 
dated. 

<> Dm-Delgan.—DxmdsHk. "The 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



433 



not coming against him on that expedition. And thej' 
were not accepted from him and those forces penetrated to 
the centre of his camp. And there was not fear^ and there 
was not flight for Cathal respecting that expedition 
Cathal sallied from the houses forth and they engage with 
each other. But [for] one thing, Conchobhur O'Ceallaigh, 
king of Ui-Maine and Brian, son of Toirdelbach TJa Con- 
chobhuir, one fit to be king of Oonnacht, were killed and 
many other persons [were lost] both by killing and by 
wounding. The same Cathal invaded Connacht and 
Toirdelbach O'Concobhuir was deposed. And Cathal 
took the kingship of Connacht and marie great forays 
on Mac Diarmata. — John, son of Domnall Ua Neill, 
was killed* by Aedh O'Domnaill. — Richard de Clare^ was 
killed. — Edward Bruce, the destroyer of Ireland in 
general, both Foreigners and Graidhil, was killed by the 
Foreigners of Ireland by dint of fighting atDun-Delgan.® 
And there were killed in his company Mac Euaidhri, king 
of Insi-Gall [Hebrides] and Mac Domnaill, king of Airthir- 
Graidhil [Argyle], together with slaughter of the Men of 
Scotland around him. And there was not done^ from the 
beginning of the world a deed that was better for the Men 
of Ireland than that deed. For there came dearth and 
loss of people duing his time in all Ireland in general for 
the space of three years and a half and people undoubtedly 
used to eat each other throughout Ireland. — Greofirey 
O'Ferghail, chiefs of the Anghaile, rested in Christ. — 
Great snow in that year. — John O'Ferghail was killed by 
one shot of an arrow [by his own son^]. 

battle was fought near the hill of 
Paughard, within two miles of 
Dundalt, and the natives still point 
out the spot where he [Edward 
B-uoe] fell" (O'D. iii. 520). 

The date is accurately determined 
by the criteria in Clyn : "1318 on 
the feast of blessed Oalixtus, Pope 



[1318] 



and Martyr [Oct. H], on the morn- 
ing of Saturday." 

' There was not done, etc. — ^For 
the opposite view, see Gilberr, 
Viceroys, p. 14" sq. 

' Chief. — For six and thirty years, 
according to the A. L. C. 

' By — son. — From the A. L. C, 



434 



CCMMCCLCC UlOCOTl. 



ICal. 1an. [n." p., I. uii-"], CCnno -Oomini m.° ccc.° x."'' 
ui.°°[-ix.°] Gnim TTlac-in-Cpoipairi, efptic Uara-boc, in 
Ch|iifuo'' qtiieuic.'' "Comaf , mac Caiamaic hUi "OorrmaiU, 
abb e-ffa-ifitiaiTi,'DO co5a['D] ctum efpucoi'oe Uaca-bou. — 
Gfpuc "Ooiifie in Cbiaifuo quietnc. — Gppuc Clocaip in* 
Chpifco guieuii;.'' — e^puc Cluana - •pept;a byienainn 
quieuic'' in [CbpifT;o'']. — CCine," ingen TTlic 'Diapmaca, 
ben Ulic Con[8h]nania,qtiieiiir;in [Chiaifco"].— TonialT:ac"' 
Tnael-bfienainn 7 Gcmaficac TTlac bi^anain, T:aifec 
Copco-CCclann, ■do mapbafi a ceile." — bana[i]n, efpuc 
Oiyisiall, -o'es.' — bp.ian, TTlac "OoninaiU h[t1]i KleiUj'DO 
mafiba-D le Cla[i]nn-CCe'Da-bui'De. 

[^T-] jCaL Ian. [111."^., I. x.uin.^, OCnno "Oomini m.°ccc.°x.° 
u 11. ""[-OCX."] Coi'nne' mop. et;ep Caml Concobuip 7 
TDaelpuanais TTlac T)iapmaca : piu -do -oentim t)oi15 7 
caimc TTlac "Diapmaca ufuip iap pin.° peall "do Tienum 
'Do['n] Cacal cecna'' ap IJIac n-T)iapmaT:a 1^ TTliillac- 
"Dopabpuc 7 a jaBail ann 7 ^T^ame, ingen TTlic Tnogntifa, 
a ben, do jabail 'pin ^0 cecna 1^ pope CalaT)-na-caip5i. 
Ocup T)o lomaipj;e'D in xripe uile. Ocup" pop° -oo gaba^o 
TTlael-1pu tjonn TTlac CCe'Da5a[i]n 7 a mac' 7* 'ComalT^ac 

A.D. 1316. •> .30. was omitted at first and put overhead afterwards in 
paler ink, B. » 1319, overhead, n. t. h., B. ''■'i quieurc m [Chixipco], B. 
«-e om., B. * lection of d-d, B. 

A.D. 1317. ^a, B. ^a, A. "-"Blank space, A; none left ia B. 
•> 1320, overhead, n. t. h. (The correction is made in this place, except 
at 133.5, by the same hand at each year down to 1373(=1378), where the 
misdating ends.), B. "■"om., B. '^ Concobtup, — O Conchobuir, B. The 
words were necessary (in consequence of the omission of the previous 
entry) to identify Cathal. ^-^pop 7, B. *' Placed (with ocup — and 
— prefixed) after 'O-p.e-hOilelta, B. eom., B. 



[1319] 'IJ16 = 1319 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Bishop of Doire.— Hugh. O'Neill, 
1316-1319 (Ware, Bishops, p. 289)- 

3 Clochar.— This obit is omitted 
in the A. L. C and Four Masters. 



It may have reference to the sub- 
ject of the seventh entry of this 
year. 

* Cluain-ferta. — Gregory O'Brogy, 
1308-1319 (Ware, ib., p. 639). 

^ Echmarcach. — He died of his 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



435 



Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 7th of the moon], a.d. 
1316i[-19]. Henry Mac-in-Crosain, bishop of Rath-both, 
rested in Christ. Thomas, son of Corraac Ua Domnaill, 
abbot of Ess-ruadh, was chosen to the bishopric of Rath- 
both. — The bishop of Doire^ rested in Christ. — The bishop 
of Clochar^ rested in Christ. — The biahop of Cluain-ferta* 
of [St.J Brenann rested in Christ. — Aine, daughter of Mac 
Diarmata, wife of Mac Con[Sh]nama, rested in Christ. — 
Tomaltach O'Mael-Brenainn and Echraarcach^ Mac Bra- 
nain, chief of Corco-Achlann, killed each other. — O'Ba- 
na[i]n,® bishop of Oirghialla [Clogher], died. — Brian, son 
of Domnall Ua Neill, was killed by the Clann-Aedha- 
buidhe.'' 



[1319] 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 18th of the moon,] a.d. [i320Bif. 
1317i[-20]. A great meeting between Cathal O'Concho- 
buir and Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata : peace was made 
between them and Mac Diarmata came into the country 
after that. Deception was [nevertheless] practised by the 
same Oathal on Mac Diarmata in Mullach-Dorabruch and 
he was taken prisoner there and Graine,^ daughter of Mac 
Maghnusa, his wife, was taken prisoner on the same day 
at the landing-place of the Ferry of the Rock. And the 
country was laid bare completely. And moreover Mael- 
Isu Mac Aedhaga[i]n the Brown and his son and Tomal- 



wounds within three days 
{A. L. C). 

8 0' Banaliln. — His Christian 
name, according to "Ware, was 
Gelasius. If so, he may have been 
the Gelasius, elect of Clogher, 
whom the primate, Kohmd de 
Jorse, was charged with having 
confirmed and consecrated, whilst 
Eoland lay under sentence of ex- 
communication (Theiner, p. 223). 



' Clann-Aedha-buidJie. — Clan of 
Hugh [0'NeilT\ the Tawny, angli- 
cised Clannaboy. 

[1320] ii-_j77=1320 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Graine. — "And also took 
Graiue . . . whom he found stay- 
ing for a boat, to pass over into the 
Island of Carrick Logha Ke [Rock 
of Lough Ce]," Mageoghegan. 



436 



aNMCClOC uIccdTi. 



TTlac "OonncaiTt, T;i§ernia 'Cirie-liOileUa 7 puaiia'ouri 
moiaan'' -o'tilc.— mop., insen Hi baigill,^ ben h[tl]i 
T^epsail, -o'ec* — macsamain, canufci bpiain, qaieuic 
111 [Chpifco]." 

jcal. Ian. [u." i^., I. ccucix.",] OCnno 'Oonmni 1T1.° ccc.° 
a;.°uiii.°''[-a;x.°i.°] ^paine, ingen ITlic^imasnuipa.banyiisan'' 
Tnui5i-LuilT.5,''ben TTlaelinuanail TTlic T)iapmccca, •o'eg. — 
RuaiTiiai, mac T)onncaT)a, pi Connacc, "do mapbax) le 
Cacal, mac CCe'oa^ hUi Concobuip. — Cappacc" Loca-Ce 
"00 leaga'D leCacal Concobuip." — TTlasnuf ObOCnLuain 
■DO "Dalla-D La Ni'all n-CCnluain. — 'NialL hCCnluani' 
Aesd pi Oipplcep, DO mapba-D -do glict^^cti^ 'Ouin-'Dealsan i 
mebail. — TnanDm" mop "oo cabaipc 750 CCn-opiu TTlac 
pheopaip 7 'DO ^allailS na TTli-oe ap macaiB pg 0- 
■pailgi." — boTJic mop ap" puc" ©penn'^ uile co coiTOenn." 

B 68d ]Cal. Ian. [ui.'p^l. cc./] CCnno T)omini TT1° ccc." x.° ix."" 
[-xx.° 11.°] Coga'D mop ecep pi Saxan 7 a 1aplaT)a. — 
TTlaua heocaig, eppuc OCpD-aca-D, quietiic in [Chpipco]. 
— Tniipcax) "Pepjail, ^aipec na hCCnjaile, "oo mapba'o 
le Seoan ■pepgail, le mac a TDepbpacap. TTluipcepT;ac'' 
hUa pepgail vo mapbaxi le [a] bpauaip pein -pop 'f\n lo 
cecna. — T)onncaTi, mac "Oonnca'oa TTlic "Diapmaca, 
quieuiT; in [Chpipuo].° — ^illibepc Ceallaig, pi 0- 
TTlaine, "o'es (1" 1sIo[i]n CCusuipc"^).— Gnpi TTlac ^illi- 

A.t). 1317. 'bui^, B. ^-5, A. •> moiT., mwcA (adjective used as sub- 
stantive), B. 

A.D. 1318. 1 Tries, -*■• ^ CCoia, B, -^'bl. [blank space], A, B. i> 1321, 
E. "-"om.jB. ''-"ii n-Gixinn inl)tiax)ain fi — in Ireland this year, B. 

A.D. 1319. "-"bl., A, B, i> 13'22, B. "« om., B. ^"^i. m., t. h., B ; om., A. 



^ Mathgamain. — Son of Domnall, 
and grandson of the Domnall 
O'Brien who died 1194, supra. 

* Rested in Christ. — The .4. L. C. 
state he was slain by the Clan- 
Cuilen (Mao Namaras). 

[1321] izj/S=]321 of the 
A. L. C. 



^ Graine. — Mentioned in the last 
entry but two of tbe preceding 
year. 

^The JJoA— See 1187, note 1 



^ Cathal—^on. of Domnall. He 
was slain in [1324], infra. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



437 



tacli Mac Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella, were captured [1320] 
and received much injury. — Mor, daughter of Ua Baighill, 
wife of Ua Fergail, died. — Mathgamain^ O'Briain, tanist 
of the O'Briains, rested in Christ.* 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 29th of the moon], a.d. [1321] 
1318^[-21]. Graine,^ daughter of Mac Maghnusa, queen 
of Magh-Luirg, wife of Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata, died- 
— Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh [TJa Conchobair], king of 
Connacht, was killed by Cathal, son of Aedh Ua Concobuir. 
— The Rock^ of Loch-Ce was razed by Cathal* O'Con- 
chobuir. — Maghnus O'hAnluain was blinded^ by Niall 
O'hAnluain. — Niall O'hAnluain, king of the Girrthir, was 
killed by the Foreigners of Dun-Delgaa in treachery. 
— A great defeat® was given by Andrew Mac Feorais 
[Birmingham] and by the Foreigners of Meath to the sons 
of the kings of Ui-Failghi. — Great cow destruction 
throughout all Ireland in general. 

Xalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 10th of the moon], a.d. [1322] 
1319i[-22]. Great war^ between the king of the Saxons 
and his Earls. — Matthew O'hEothaigh, bishop of Ard- 
achadh, rested in Christ. — Murchadh O'Ferghail, chief of 
the Anghaile, was killed by John O'Ferghail, [namely] 
by the son of his brother. Muircertach O'Ferghail was 
killed by his own brother Kkewise on the same day. — 
Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmata, rested in 
Christ. — Gilbert O'Ceallaigh, king of Ui-Maine, died an 
the None [5th] of August. — Henry Mac Gille-Finnein, 



^ Blinded, — On the Wednesday in 
Holy Week {A. L. C). 

^ Great Defeat. — Ciroa festum 
Philippi et Jacob! [Ma. 1] occidun- 
tur de O'Konohours ciroa 300 in 
confinio Midie et Lagenie per 
Andream de Brimeghatu (Clyn, 
A.D. 1321). 



[1322] i7j79 = 1322 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Great war. — This belongs to 
1322, when Edward II. crushed the 
barons by the capture and decapi- 
tation of Lancaster. Clyn says the 
Earl was beheaded on Monday 
[March 22], the morrow [of tho 



438 



aw M aloe ula'oti. 



Phinnein, caipec tTlui'nnce|ii-peoT)aca[i]n, -do mapbaTt 
•00 damn CCmLaim meg UTOirt.— bapun" ITlac peoriaif 
■o'es-" — Uillmm liau, mac 1111110111 moip, do^ ecc^ 

IcaL Ian. tiii. p., [L^ccx-i."], OCnno "Domini m." ccc.°jca:.'"' 
[-111.°] Caiyipiai mael[-8h]eclainni occifUf efc. — 
Seoinin" pepj^ail T)o maiibax) do damn Sheoam [tl]i 
Peiigail. — lieagpa -do mapbat) vo hUa Connmaca[i]n 
in blia'oain pin.° 

L^T-] ICal. Ian. i.p, [I.'' ii.»], CCnno "Domini TTl." ccc.° xx." 1.°" 
[-iin.°] tlilliam bupc, mac UiUiam moip, mopcutip efc. 
— 1n boDiccecna ap \iuz Gpenn, i'Don,°inadT)omnai5.^° — 
Caral, mac "Domnaill, mic "Caixis, mic bfiiam, mic 
CCnnpaf, mic bjiiain Luignic, mic Toiiiiatidbail moiji, 
iDon, yii Connacc, aen Dtime if" beo^a 7 buD' mo aiciuf 
7 T;u|icufi Tio bi 1^ n-aen aimpip fiif, t)o' maiiba-o le 
'CoiiT.fi'Ddbac Concobuitx 7 le ConnaccaiB aj^cena 7 
TTlael-Sedainn, mac "Coijaptielbais hUi "Domnaill 7 
^ibla-Cjiifc 05 TTlac "Oonncai'o "do^ ma)ibati ann' 7 -oame 
I'm-oa aib.^ 'Coipp'oelbac (mac'' CCe'&a, mic eogain'') hUa* 
Concobuiji, 7)0 gabail 1x151 Connacc. — Tlagnall' 65 TTlas 
UagnaiU, caifec ITluinnceiai-hGdaif, vo mapbaxi.' 

A.D. 1319. i-i'D'eg, A. «=om., B. 

A.D. 1320. iTTlaeit— , B. ""bl., A, B. "1323,6. "-"ora., B. 



A.U. 1321. iTTlol-, A. ^c 



B ; eile, A. *liUi (gen.), A ; 



0, B. "-"bl., B ; none left in A. 1= 1324, B. "■" r. m., t. b., A ; itl., t. h., B. 
■5 om., A. " fca — (that) was, B. ^ a—his,B. e-^om., A. ''••'itl., t.h., A; 
om., B. Worn., B. 



feast] of St. Benedict, 1321-2. 
For the otbers hanged and drawn, 
aee ib. 

^ Sons By his brothers, Loch- 

lainn and Eobert, according to the 
A.L. C. 

*Died. — la the beginning of 
Autumn (Clyn). 

[1323] ^ij2ozzilS23 of the 
A. L. C. 

'^ Caii-jiri.—'King of Meath; slain 



treacherously by O'Mulloy (chief 
of Pir-ceU, Bang's co.), FourMast. 

^Ua Connmaca[i]n. — " The name is 
still extant in the district of Bally- 
oroy, CO. Mayo, and is now gene- 
rally anglicised Conway " (O'D. 
iii. 528-9). 

[1324] '/j^7 = 1324 of the 
A. L. C. 

- Willimn, etc. — A repetition of 
the final obit of [1322], supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 439 

chief of Mumter-Peodaclia[i]ii, was killed by the sons^ of [1322] 
Amlam Mag Uidhir.— The Baron [Richard] Mac Feorais 
[Birmingham] died.*— William [de Burgh] the Grey, son 
of William Mor, died. 

Zalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 21st of the moon], a.d. [1323] 
1320i[-3]. Cairpri^ 0'Mael[-Sh]eclainn was slain.— 
Jenkin O'Fergail was killed by the sons of John O'Fergail. 
— O'hEaghra was killed by Ua Connmaca[i]n3 in that 
year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria [2nd of the moon], a.b. [l824Bis.] 
1321i[-4]. William^ de Burgh, son of William Mor, 
died. — The same^ cow- destruction (namely, the Mael- 
domnaigh*) [prevailed] throughout Ireland. — Cathal, son 
of Domnall, son of Tadhg, son of Brian, son of Andrew, 
son of Brian of Luighni, son of Toirdhelbach Mor [Ua 
Conchobair], king of Connacht,^ the person the most active 
and of most goodness and success that was in the same 
time with him, was killed by Toirdhelbach O'Conchobuir 
and by the Connachtmen likewise. And Mael-Sechlainn, 
son of Toirdhelbach Ua Domnaill and Grilla-Orist Mac 
Donnchaidh junior and many other persons were killed 
there. Toirdhelbach (son of Aedh, son of Eogan) Ua 
Concobuir took the kingship of Conna'cht. — Eaghnall^ 
Mag Eaghnaill junior, chief of Muinter-Eolais, was 
killed. 



Clyn states he died on Septuage- 
tsima [Sunday, Feb. 11], 1323-4: 
he true date, judging from the 
precision of the diurnal notation. 

^ Same.— Mentioned in the last 
entry of [1321], supra. 

* Mael-domnaigh. — The meaning 
of this ■word in conneotion with a 
murrain ia unknown to me. (The 
literal sense is devotee of Sunday.) 

Item, hoc anno, scilicet 1324, 
fuit pestis gravis boum et vacoarum 
in multis locis Hibernie (Clyn). 



Fuit pestis communis vacoarum 
et etiam aliorum animalium, quae 
dicebatur in Hibemia Maldaw- 
[naj'jA?] {Annal, Sossen,, a.d. 
1324). 

It may accordingly be concluded 
that there is a prolepsia of three 
years in the textual date. 

^ King of Connacht. — Since[I318], 
supra. 

^Raghnall, eic— Omitted in the 
A. L. C. ; given in the Four 
Masters. 



440 



ccMMalcc ulcroti. 



A 69a jcallan. (m.^p, I. a;.iii.'), CCnno 'Ootnim TTl." ccc." xx." 
11.°* [-u.°] T)0Tniiall, mac bpiain hUi IsIeiU, fii 'Cipe- 
beogain, quieuiu in [Chfiifco]. — ^^Ua-Cfiifc" cleifiec 
TTlac "Oiqainaca v'e-^. — T)iap,Tnair: mail-OyienaiiTD, 
caipec Clainne-Concobuiyi, cfuieuic in [Chiaipco]." — Cu- 
Ula^, mac "Oomnaill, mic byviain h[tl]i Meill, ■oega'Dbuyi 
aiifiT)iii5 eiaenn,'DO mapbuxi le macaiB Neill, mic biaiain. 
"Oeyibiaacuiia fem a aca|i fun. — In box)ic ce'ona i^ n-Gfiinn 
ajiif." — bpian" 5«'0T''« cfuieui^; in [Chiiifco]." 

B 69a jCaL Ian. [iiii. p.% l. ccx.iiii.,"] CCnnoT)omini m.° ccc.° 
OCX." 111."'' [-ui.°] RifoafiT) a bupc, lap-la tllaxi (an" c- 
lap-la iiuaT>°), aen yiagti^ ^alL 7 ^ai-oel Bpenn, T)'e5. — 
Cogax)^ moyi eceyi yii'* 8axan 7 |xi pyianc.'' — lui'iiinc 
LacT;na[i]n, eppuc Oil-pnn, quieuii; m [Chiaiipuo]. 
ITlaippcGfi" Seoan Pmacca "do co5a['D] cum na hefpu- 
coiTie cecna.'' 

ICaL 1an. [ti.° p, l. u.,"-] CCnno "Domini m.° ccc." xx." 
1111.° "[-uii."] Cogat*^ mofi ecepfii Saxan 7 a ben pein, ingen 
pig^ Piaamgc 7 p.i 8axan ■D'ocpiga'D le 7 a mac pein xio 
§abail a n-agaiti a acayi cpe poiigall a mo^ap, it)on, na 
^iigna 7 copoin ip.15 t>o rabaiyic Wn mac cei^na cpe 

A.D. 1322. ^a, A. '>-=>bl.,A, B. •> 1326, B. «=om., B. ^ tjeop— sii//, B. 
A.D. 1323. ^yioja, B. ^Ca— A. ""bl., A, B. " 1326, B. « = 1. m., 
t h., B ; om., A. ''■*-p,i IPiaans 7 ifiiSaxan, B. o-»oin.,B. 

A.D. 1324. iCa— ,A. >i, B. 30,A. »-''bl., A, B. i" 1327, B. 



[1325] 1/^^^=132.5 of the 
A. L. C. 

^Rested in Christ. — At Lough 
Laeghaire (bar. of Clogher, co. 
Tyrone), according to the Four 
Masters. 

^ One — arch-king. — Literally, ex- 
cellent material of an arch-king. 

* Thu same. — Mentioned in the 
second entry of the previous year. 

[1326] ' IJ23 — 1326 of the 
A.L.C. 



^ De Burgh. — According to the 
eulogistic obit in Clyn, he died on 
the Tuesday [July 29] before St. 
Peter ad Vincula [Aug. 1], 1326. 
This is confirmed by the date, Aug. 
5, a. r. Ed. 11. 20, of the -writs 
issued respecting the goods and 
chattels of the deceased Earl. (/i. 
note, p. 102-3.) The textual date 
is thus three years too early, 

* Wm-.— Declared by Edward IL 
agaiust Charles le Bel on account 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 441 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, IStli of the moon], a.d. [1325] 
1322i[-5]. Domnall, son of Brian Ua NeHl, king of Tir- 
Eogaiu, rested in Christ.^—Gma-Crist Mac Diarmata, 
the Cleric, died.— Diarmait O'Mael-Brenainn, chief of 
Clann-Concobuir, rested in Christ.— Cu-Uladh, son of 
Domnall, son of Brian TJa JSTeiU, one full worthy to be 
arch-kingS of Ireland, was killed by the sons of Niall, son 
of Brian. That [man, Cu-Uladh, was] the brother of 
their father. — The same* cow-destruction [prevailed] in 
Ireland again. — Brian O'Gadhra rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 24th of the moon], a.d. [1326] 
1323i[-6]. Eichard de Burgh,^ Earl of Ulster (the Eed 
Earl), unique choice of the Foreigners and Graidhil of 
of Ireland, died. — Great war^ between the king of the 
Saxons and the king of the French. — Lawrence O'Lacht- 
na[i]n,* bishop of Oil-iinn, rested in Christ. Master John 
O'Finachta was chosen to the same bishopric. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 5th of the moon], a.d. [1327] 
1324i[-7]. Great war^ between the king of the Saxons 
and his own wife,^ the daughter of the king of the French 
and the king of the Saxons was deposed by her and her 
own son was accepted against his father through sugges- 
tion of his mother, namely, of the queen and the royal 
crown was given* to the same son through advice^ of the 



of the invasion of Guienne and de- 
tention of his queen and of the heir 
presumptive. 

^ 0' Lachtnali]n. — On the transla- 
tion of Malachy to Tuam ([1312], 
note 2, supra), the Dean and 
Chapter of Elphin postulated 
Lawrence, priest and canon. He 
•was appointed bishop by Clement 
v., (Avignon) Jan. 21, 1313. On 
Feb. 18, he was empowered to con- 
tract a loan of 1,000 gold florins 



archbishop or bishop he should 
choose, assisted by two or more 
bishops. (Theiner, p. 187.) 

[1327] '^1324= 1327 of the 
A. L. 0. 

^ Great war. — The " war " (the 
invasion of the queen and the flight 
and capture of Edward) took place 
in 1326. It is mentioned to render 
what follows intelliifible. 

' IVife. — Isabella, daughter of 
Philip le Bel. 



and receive consecration from any I * Was given. — To Edward III, 

2f 



442 



ccMMaia tuaroTi. 



[bif.] 



A 69b 



comaitili Shaxati. — ^oyimlaic," ingean TTlic Tfsa^maca, 
Ttioyictia efc — piaicbeficac THos Uroiia, t" Peia-TTlanac, 
moifi^tiuf efc. — Tnail[-8h]eclainn hUa^ pianria5:;a[i]Ti, 
raiyec "Ctiaici-paca, "oo mapba'D le n-a biaai^piB fein. — 
eDuBaifVD, p.! Saxan, a^-i m-buain a\v\^e ve, Tnojicotif e^i^c. 
— 'Cei7)m galaifi bifiic al^ put; epenn uile. — ■pepgal, mac 
Ual[5]aip5 hUi Tltiaipc, v'e-^.^ — Cuilen hUa "Oimapais 
■o'ej.'* — SavZ," insen ITlic CCe'Da5a[i]n, "o'eg-^ 

ICal. Ian. [ui.* p., I. x.oi."], CCnno "Oomini m.° ccc.° ocx.° 
u.°''[-uiii.''] TTlael-SecLaitin RaigiUai^, pi ITIuinncepi- 
mailnnop'Da, "do gabail 7 1)0 lot; -do ^hallaiB na Tnitie. 
Ocup a puaplucU'D^ ap bpaig^iB 7 a eg 'n-a cig pem v'a 
gonaiB. — bpian, | mac 'ComalT;ai5 Triic "OonncaTo, vo 
mapba'D -do bpian, mac "CaiTis. — 'Coipnec 7 ceinnT;ec 
anBail ipin blia'&ain pm, jtip'miUeDup copa'o"' 7 apbanna 
epenn,co paba'DUppinna pap. — 'Cei'Dm^galaip coiccinn ap 
pur; Gpenn uile.pipi n-abaip€ea 8 1 a e t) a n, pe Tiett cpi Id 
no ccOTip ap gac nee, gup'ba canaipci baip e. — ^lUa-na- 
namgel 'Caiclig, aipcinnec T)am-innpi, mopt;uup epc.'' 
— 1map nios Tlagnaill, caipec Tnuinnt;ipe-heol«[i]p, 
occipup efv. — Sap heoan KTlac pheopaip, lapla Lu^baro, 
in r-aen ^all po bo beoxia 7 pob' pepp einec^ y^ egnom'' 
■DO bi 1 n-epinn, -do mapbax) ap° n-x)enum peille 7)'a 

A.D. 1324. " Tlie order in B is : G-Dubaia'D— Iplaitbericac— Tnaeiteclainn 
— 'Soyimtaic. d Tnofictiti^ e^c, B. o^om., B. 
A.D. 132S. i-ga*, A. ^^-eac, A. "-"bl., A, B. 1= 1328, B. « zmp:^ 



(pi. of the word in A), B, "i-s oin.,B. 
own people in treachery, B. 



'"^Tjia muinncip, i^eiti a fetX — by his 



He was crowned, aooording to Clyn, 
on Sunday [Feb. 1], the vigil of 
the Purification [Feb. 2], 1326(= 
1327. The Dominical Letter was 
changed in Clyn's Annals ou Jan. 
1 ; the A.D. notation on the ensuing 
March 25). 

" Advice This and the colourless 

obit of Edward II. (infra) would 
seem to show that the compiler 
was in favour of Isabella. 



* Gormlaith. — Married (A. L. C. 
and Mageoghegan) first to Manua 
O'Conor, tanist of Connaiight ; 
next, to O' Kelly of Hy-Many; 
thirdly, to O'Hara (of Leyny, oo. 
Sligo). 

' Died. — ^According to Clyn (who 
employs the misleading ohiii), on 
the feast of SS. Bustaohius and 
Companions [Sept. 20] next follow- 
ing his deposition. That the death 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



443 



Saxons. — Gormlaith,* daughter of Mac Diarmata, died. — 
Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach, died. — 
Mae][-Sh]echlainn TJa Flannaga[i]n, chief of Tuath-ratha, 
was killed by his own kinsmen. — Edward [II.], king of 
the Saxons, after his kingship was taken from him, died.^ 
— ^A plague of small-pox* [prevailed] throughout all 
Ireland. — Fergal, son of Ual[gh]arg Ua Ruairc, died. — 
Ouilen Ua Dimasaigh died. — Sadhbh, daughter of Mac 
Aedhaga[i]n, died. 



[1327] 



■ Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 16th of the moon], a.d. [1328 Bis.] 
1325i[-8]. Mael-Sechlainn O'Raighillaigh, king of 
Muinter-Mailmordha, was taken prisoner and injured 
by the Foreigners of Meath. And he was liberated for 
hostages and died in his own house of his wounds. — Brian) 
son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh, was killed by Brian, 
son of Tadhg [Mac Donnchaidh]. — Excessive thunder and 
lightning in that year, so that they injured the fruit and 
crops of Ireland, untn^ they were quite withered. —A 
plague of general disease throughout all Ireland, which 
was called a C o 1 d : ^ for the space of three days or four 
[it continued] on each person, so that he was nigh unto 
death. — Grilla-na-naingel O'Taichligh, herenagh of Daim- 
inis, died. — Imar Mag Eaghnaill, chief of Muinter- 
Eolu [i]s, was slain. — Sir John Mac Feorais [Birmingham*], 
Earl of Lughbaidh, the one Gaidhel the [most] spirited 
and best of generosity and prowess that was in Ireland, 



was violent became known in Ire- 
land at the time. The Annals of 
Clonmaonoise (Mageoghegan) state 
"he was pressed to death by press- 
ing a great table on his belly - . 
■With many other tortures." 

8 Small-pox.— lAteisiOj, speckled 
disease ("pied pox, or little pox," 
Mageoghegan) . ' ' Throughout the 
province of Connaught, salami 



bjieac means the small-pox; but 
in the south of Ireland, where 
bolgac is used to denote the small- 
pox, satayi b|veac is used to denote 
the spotted fever " (O'D. iii. 537). 

ll32Syij3j=1328oitheA.L. C. 

" Until, eic— Literally, until they 
were white [and] empty. 

' 0o/rf.— Namely, the Influenza. 

* Birmingham. — Slain, according 

2f2 



444 



aMMaca uLaroTi. 



tnuinnwifi pein aifi.° ino|ian' vo ^allaiB yvo Sai'6elai6 
Tnaici[6p "DO maifibat) pof*" ayi in lacaiifi cecna. In' Caec 
ITlac Ce|ibaill, iT)on,' maelpuanais,' aen laoga zjimpanac 
Gjienn 7 CClban 7 m T)omam uile 7'^ ni -oeiabmpa leiceiT) 
•DO €ecc ifiiam cUfDomain pfin elaxiain fin," a' ma^iba^ 
pein'^ 7 "Depbpacaiii maic eile -do* a|a in lacmp cecna." — 
niuipf 5ibeaba[i]n, ap'omaigifciyi Gpenn a n'-DligTO 
nucc 7 a fein "dIisto, a Canoin 7 a hex, ipellfanri ■pefa'* 7'' 
eolaif/ f ai* n-'oana 7 n-ogmofiacca 7 elattan inroa aile/ 
Cananac coi^a'D 1 'Cuaim-T)a-5ualann 7 1 n-Oil-pmn 7 1 
n-CCca-D-Conaiifie 7 1 Cill-alaTi 7 1 n-eanac-t)Uin 7 1 
B69b Cluam-peyica ; OiippiT)fel 7 | byieicirfi coiccenn na 
baip.'DefpucoiT)e, quieuic in [Chiaiipco]. — 'Comaf TTlel- 
lai§, ey^puc eanaic-'Dtiin,nioi^T;uuf eft;i Ctii|ic in^phapa. 
— "Cav-g, mac 'Coip.p.'Delbaig hUi Concobuiyi, occifUf efi; 
la 'Oiayimaic n-^axiiia 1 meBail — Coin-oe* mop ecep. 
baii;efv a bufic 7 ^lUibeyic TTlac ^oifoelB Wn "o-afia 
leiS 7 TTlaelfitianais 1TlacT)ia|imaca7'Comalt;ac, a mac 
7 'Comalz^ac Triac "Donncai-D 7 TTluinnceyi-innail|itianai5 
a^icena Do'n le'c eile, paOCc-cmn-Loca-'Ceice'o.— Ofieifim 
ma'oma ap. TTlac tlilli am 'o'aia'mapbaTi bpian, mac "dam^, 
le [a] bpaTOip pein a n-TOsail bpiam, mic "Comalcaig 
TTlic "Oonncaix), Tio map.15 in pep cecna. — TTloppluaisexi le 
hiapla Ulaxi 7 le "Coipp-Delbac Concobuip, pi Connacc 
7 le TTTuipcepuac m-bpiain, pi TTluman, 1 n-agai'D 
bpiain [U]i bpiatn. TTlai-Dm le bpian m-bpiain, vn 

3 an, A. ' Octip—an<?— prefixed, B. e mhh~other — added, B. liom. 
B. '■' 1. m., t. h., B. i -do (the verbal particle), B. '^ Ocur- -oeivbiictcailfi 
maic aile ■do mayiba'D 1 n-a -pocaiix — and another good brother was killed 
along with him — added, B. (The reading is a scribal alteration of the A 
text.) ' ooup mnzletza—and of intelligence — added, B. 



to Clyn, on the vigil of Pentecost 
and of St. Barnabas the Apostle, 
1329. These criteria are accurate : 
Easter (XIX. A), April 23 ; Pente- 
cost, June 11 (feast of St. Barnabas) . 



Two of his brothers, nine of his 
name and over 160 retainers fell on 
the occasion (id. ). 

^ Blind. — Of an ej'e. Vocatus 
Cam O'Kyrwyll, quia lusoua erat, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



445 



was killed by his own people practising treachery upon 
him. Many of the foreigners and of the Gaidhil were 
killed in the same place likewise. The Blind^ Mac Cer- 
hail, namely, Maelruanaigh, the most choice timpanist^ of 
Ireland and of Scotland and of the whole world — and it 
is not verified that an equal to him in that art ever came 
from the beginning of the world — was killed, and another 
good brother of his [was killed] on the same spot. — 
Maurice O'Gribillain, arch-master of Ireland in new juris- 
prudence and in old jurisprudence, [i.e.] in the Canon and in 
the Civil Law, one eminent in wisdom and knowledge, 
professor of poetry and Ogmic and many other arts, canon 
chorister in Tuaim-da-ghualann and in Oil-finn and in 
Achad-Conaire and in Cell-aladh and in Enach-duin and 
in Cluian-ferta ; Official and general judge of the arch- 
bishopric, rested in Christ.— Thomas O'Mellaigh, bishop 
of Enach-duin, died in the court of the Pope. — Tadhg, 
son of Toirdelbach TJa Concobuir, was slain by Diarmait 
O'Gadhra in treachery. — A great meeting between "Walter 
de Burgh and Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh of the one side and 
Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata and Tomaltach, his son and 
Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh and the Muinter-Mail- 
ruanaigh besides of the other side, near the Ford of the 
Head of Loch-Teiched. — ^ Defeat was inflicted on Mac 
William, wherein was killed Brian, son of Tadhg [Mac 
Donnchaidh] by his own kinsman, in revenge of Brian, 
son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh, whom the same man^ 
killed. — ^A great hosting by the Earl of Ulster and by 
Toirdhelbach O'Concobuir, king of Connacht and by 
Muircertach O'Briain, king of Munster, against Brian Ua 



[1328] 



neo habebat oculos rectos, sed 
oblique respieiena (Clyn, 1329). 

* Most choice timpanist. — Lite- 
rally, unique choiee of the timpanist. 
Thus amplified by Clyn {ib.) : Et 
si non fuerat artis musioe cordalis 



primus inventor, omnium tamen 
predeoessorum et precedentium 
ipsum et oontemporaneorum correc- 
tor, doctor et director extitit. 

' Same man. — That is, Brian, son 
of Tadhg. 



aMMaloc ttlccDT). 



A 69o 



inafi'maifiba^ Concobup bpiai'n, -Desaxibut^ fxig efienn 
afi "oeilB 7 ap cTOnucal, maille yie ceicfii picciB, er;eifi 
tnai^ 7 faic.''— CCine, insen* 1:116115011 | hUi Uaisillil, 
ben 'Uomalcais Vf\K'X)^a^max:a,mo\iznae\'x;. — 'Donnca'6'' 
^cttl, mac "Oomnaill" btli ConcobtniT,, ■do mayiba'D la 
hOCe'D, mac 'Cai'Dg, mic TTIasriufa.'' 

ICal. Ian. [1." p., I. ocx.uii.''],CCnno "Oomini m.° ccc." xx° 
m.°^ [-^x.°] Ca€al, mac "Domnaill htli Ruaific, Tjennatt- 
bufi ifii5 Opeipne, mac° jii^ if nofmuiiae 7 if jnimaici "oo 
bi "DO bjfieipnecaiB," "oo mafbax) t)o ^hallail5 1 pell 7 
■Dame aili.^ — TTltiifceifirac, mac T)omnaill, mic 'Cai'Dg 
hUi Concobtiif, r;i5e|ina Caiyipfi 7 Calfaigi, macatri na 
mac fig, mofcuop epc — T)abti5° "Donn TTlac Uilliam, 
fiTHfe mofconaig, quieuic in [Chfipco]. — Caga'D ecep 
'Coiff'oelbac hUa Concobuip, 7 Tntunncif-Tnailiritianais. 
— Ca€al, mac CCe'&a, mic Gogain, -do xncurt apeijin apna 
"Pe^aiB 7 a 'Cip.-imaine T;pe poyisoll baiceyi a bufc ayi 
Clainn-Ceallaig. — Tiavs, mac 'CoiffTielbais TDic Tlfla^- 
gamna [mofcuup epc]. — CCosupcin, ab Lepa-gaB^ail pop 
toc-eifm, mofT^uuf epr; ppi-oiejCalenDap Nouembpip." 

ICal. Ian. [11." p.," I. ^x^], OCnno T)omini m.° ccc.° xx." 
uii."*" [-ocxx.°] TTlasntip, mac CCe'Sa bpeipnig hUi Conco- 
buif, "DO mafibax) leipin°Cacalcet;napin° 7* Simon TTlac- 
an-pailgix) vo map.ba'o ann pop, ap in la^aip cecna. — 

A.D. 1325. *-ean, B. "^"Dia|imccca was written after ITlac, but 
deleted by dots placed underneath, A. 

A.D. 1326. Ml., B ; eite, A. »■» bl.. A, B. '' 1329, B. «-"om., B. 

A.D. 1327. »-»bl., A, B. i-lSSO, B. "= la Cctcat, mac aeT>a, mic 
©■ogain — hy Cathal, son ofAedh, son of Eogan, B. This was necessary in 
consequence of tbe omiission of the Cathal entry (the last but two) of the 
previous year, '^■^om., B. 



^Defeat, etc. — Eodem anno (1329), 
14 Kal. Aug., Breyn O'Breyn apud 
Urlef [Thurles], interfecifc de exer- 
oitu Willelmi de Burgo, Comitis 
TJltonie, Walterum, filium Hillaiii 
de Burgo, Konkur O'Breyn [fra- 



trem Muiroertachi], Nioholaum Mac 
Nemare, cum aliis uobilibus de 
Totmonia (Clyn). 

[1329] ijj5d = 1329 of the 
A. L. C. 

^Foreigners. — According to the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



447 



Briain [the Fair]. Defeat* [was inflicted upon them] by [1328] 
Brian O'Briain, wherein was killed Concobur O'Briain, 
well worthy to be king of Ireland for figure and bestowal, 
together with four score, both noble and base. — Aine, 
daughter of Ferghal Ua Eaighillaigh, wife of Tomaltach 
Mac Diarmata, died. — Donnchadh the Foreigner, son of 
Domnall Ua Ooncobuir, was killed by Aedh, son of Tadhg, 
son of Maghnus [Ua Conchobair]. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 27th of the moon], a.d. [1329] 
1326-'[-9]. Cathal, son of Domnall Ua Ruairc, excellent 
material of a king of Breifni, the son of a king the best 
disposed and most accomplished that was of the Brefnians 
was killed along with other persons by the Foreigners^ in 
treachery. — Muircertach, son of Domnall, son of Tadhg 
Ua Concobuir, lord of Cairpre and Calraighi, select son of 
the sons of kings, died. — Dabug Mac William [de Burgh] 
the Brown, a knight of great substance, rested in Christ;- 
— War [arose] between Toirdelbach Ua Concobuir and the 
Muinter-Mailruanaigh. — Cathal, son of Aedh, son of 
Eogan [Ua Conchobair], was put by force from out the 
Fedha and from Tir-Maine, through injimction of Walter 
de Burgh [imposed] on the Clann-Ceallaigh. — Tadhg, son 
of Toirdelbach Mac Mathgamna [died], — Augustine, abbot 
of Lis-gabhail upon Loch-Erne, died on the 2nd of the 
Kalends of November [October 31]. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 9th of the moon], a.b. [1330] 
1327i[-30]. Maghnus, son of Aedh Ua Conchobuir the 
Brefnian, was killed by that same CathaP and Simon Mac- 
an-fhailgidh^ was killed there likewise, on the same spot. 

entry in the F. M. (a.d. 1329), he 
was treacherously slain [probably 
at a banquet] by the sons of John 
CParrell [of Annaly, oo. Longford] 
and the English of Meath, in the 
house of Richard Tuite at the 
monastery of Fore [Westmeath]. 



[1330] ^132^ = 1330 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Same Cathal. — Mentioned in 
the third entry of the preceding 
year. 

2 Mac-an-fhailgidh. — Anglicised 
Mac Anally, or Mao Nally. The 



448 



awNa^a uLcroTi. 



CCmuip longpuitic le "Coifip'Selbac Concobmyi afi baiSeia 
ITlac 1111110171 a hvi\ic 7 aiiiidsa'D a^fi fa-o Tnuigi. 'giUi- 
beyit; TTlac ^oifoelb vo cecc, pe'oan moifi, •o'-pupcacc TTlic 
UiUiam. Innpo^ vo ma fluagailS fin, leau ap, lee, a\i 
ConcobuiiT., no copan^aDupac'DifiT^ti-lsloa'DaT;. Oecan 
T)o muinnciii [t1]i Concobuija vo Tnajiba-o annpn 7 
Concobuiji "o'lmcecc o'n CCc co beoxia, nofmuii ifna 
"Cuacaib 7 lonspofc "do gabail le TDac Uilliam 1 Cill- 
Lomcrc. 81c cunnail, caifi-oemail -oe "Dentim d'O Cbon- 
cobtiip 7 ■DO TTlac "Oiapmaca. — TTlael-Seclmnn TTlac 
Cayimaic, bpusaTO coiccenn, ■D'eg." — TTlael-lfti Donn TTlac 
OCe'Dosain^ "0*65. — ^Sluaigexi le h1Jal[5]aiic^ Ruaific, fii 
A 69d bjaeifne, co pi'o-in-aca. ^o^^^ '" baile "D'eyilgi 'oaib, jup'- 
mapba'D CCfiT: Tltiaiiac ann, aT)bu|i|ii5 bneipne 7° nfio|ian 
aile.° — Oeini'DecT;'^ pianna5a[i]n, pyiioifi Cille-moifie 
iCitie-biaiuin, in Cbpifco quieuiu." — g^lla-lfu hUa^ 
Raigillai^, fii TTluinntjein-TTlailmop'oa 7 na bfieipne 
uile ifie mofian 'o'amifin., a eg 1 n-a fenoifi* |iacmii|\, lap 
m-byieic buaDa o Tjoman 7 "oerrion. — TTlai'om'' mop le 
Concobup, mac 'Cai'Dg, mic bpiain, mic CCnnpiap, mic 
bpain Ltngnis, ap, T)aipr;pai5i^, guti'mapbaxi mop.an x)iB 
leif." 

(Mo'guma-o aip an ]Callainn yo buxi coifi TTlaeileac- 
lainn hUa TLaigillig, in pepco Nacalif T)omini, fcilicec 
[CC.T>.] 1327.') 

A. D. 1327. '-tisan, A. H, -A. ^o, A. «-pean— , B. ««ecalii 
mutci (the Latin equivalent of the A reading), B. "t. m., t. h., A; 
om., B. i 



meaning of failgidh has not been 
determined. 

* Desert-Nuadhat. — Desert [her- 
mitage] of [S<.] Nuadu. He is the 
Nuadu, anchorite, commemorated 
in the Martyrology of Tallaght at 
Oct. 3 (L.L. S63d). One of the 
interpolations in the Tripartite Life 
(Part II.) is a prophecy attributed 



to St. Patrick respecting this saint. 
By the u sual phonetic changes, A th- 
desirt-Nuadhat became Eastersnow 
(bar. of Boyle, co. Eoaoommon). 
See O'Donovan, F. M., iii. 546-7. 

^ Cell- Lomat. — Church of [;S<.] 
Lomu (Killumod, bar. of Boyle, co. 
Roscommou : O'D., ?(ii szy).). 

^ Mac Diarmata He had joined 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



449 



— A camp assault [was delivered] by Toirdhelbach 
O'Concobmr on "Walter Mac William de Burgh and 
[Toirdhelbach] routed him throughout Magh [-Luirg]- 
Gilbert Mac Groisdelb came with a large force to aid Mac 
William. Those hosts turned, side by side, on O'Concho- 
buir, until they reached the Ford of Desert-Nuadhat.* A 
few of the force of Ua Conchobuir were killed there and 
O'Conchobbuir went from the Ford spiritedly, orderly into 
The Territories and camp was taken by Mac 
William in Cell-Lomat.s Peace, honorable [and] cordial, 
was made by O'Oonchobuir and by Mac Diarmata.* — 
Mael-Sechlainn Mac Carmaic, a general entertainer, died. 
— Mael-Isu Mac Aedhagain the Brown, died. — A hosting 
by Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc, king of Breifni, to Fidh-in-atha.^ 
The Foreigners of the town arose against them, so that 
Art O'Euairc, material of a king of Breifni and many 
others were killed there. — Benedict 0'Flannaga[i]n, prior 
of Cell-mor of Tir-Briuin,* rested in Curist. — Gilla-Isu Ua 
Raighillaigh, king of Muinter-Mailmordha and of all the 
Breifni for a long time, died a prosperous senior, after 
gaining victory from world and from demon. — Great defeat 
[was inflicted] by Concobur, son of Tadhg, son of Brian, 
son of Andrew, son of Brian [Ua Conchobair] of Luighni 
on the Dartraighi, so that many of them were killed by 
him. 

(Or^ perhaps it is on this Kalend [year] it were right 
for [the death of] Maeileachlainn Ua Raighillaigh [to be], 
on the festival of the Nativity of the Lord, namely, [a.d.] 
1327.) 



[1330] 



Walter de Burgh against O' Conor 
on this occasion. 

'' Fidh-in-atha. — Wood of the ford 
(on the stream which connects 
Lough Sheeliu and Lough Inny ; 
anglicised Knae. O'D. iii. 544-5.) 

'Tir-Briuin. — One of the 



Three Territories forming 
a deanery of ten parishes in Elphin 
diocese. 

(1327) ' Or, etc.— The suggested 
correction has reference to the first 
entry of the textual year 132S( = 
1328), supra. 



(1327) 



450 



aw M alec ula'Dti. 



B 69o 



A 70a 



ICal. lati. (111."^., I. aac.^), CCnno T)omini m.° ccc" occc." 
tun."" [-ax)c.o 1.°] TTIaeliauanaig mac "OiarimaTja, lai 
nritiigi-Luifij, -D'pccsBail a tiigi 7 -do gaBail mhme manac^ 
liccc^i Tnainift;i|i na buiUe. 'Com alzrac m 00*01011111 aca 
a mac, -do jaBail na fiigi cecna, in" •peiffe'D'' la ia|i m- 
Oeallcaine. — pefijal, mac inail[-Sh]eclainn Chapifiaig 
TTlic "Oiafimaca, t)0 mayibaTi le TZav-^, mac Cacail, mic 
T)omnaill hUi Concobtiiti. — Sltias le baiceji ITlac 
Uilliam I rriag-Luips 7 in cip «ile •do lopca'b, ace na 
cealla 7 cue comuiyice •Doibfein.'" 

ICal. Ian. [1111.' p, I. 1."], CCnno "Domini m.°ccc.° xx." 
ix."" [-oxxx." 11.°] baiceia TTlac Uilliam -do gabail lefin 
lajila 7 a bpeic t)0 leif co Caiy^len Innp-heogam 7 a eg 
ivan pfiiftin ■do goiaca. — ITIaici" CClban do mapba'D 
leifin CCi'Selbac." — | TTlai'Dm bepna-m-mil ap 'Comalcac 
TTlac n-"Oiafimaca 7 ap, TYlac Uilliam, aic a* yi'mapbaxi 
mofian "00 mumncip TTlic Uilliam ann' [la] mac in layila 
7 "Comalcac ITlac 'DonncaTO." 

]Cal. 1an. [ui." p., I. oc.ii.^], CCnno "Oomini TT1.° ccc.°ocxx.°^ 
[-111.°] Comalcac, mac T)onncaxia TTlic *Oiapmaca, 
mopcoop epc. — Uilliam a bupc, lapla Ula-o, | vo 

A.D. 1328. '-'manaig leic (sg. of the A reading), B. ""bl., A, B, 
•>1331,B. «|= om., B. * .ui. (the Latin equivalent), with e^ placed above, 
(A) MS. 

A. D. 1329. '^"bl., A, B. "1332,6. ""om., B. " i n-a— w w.-HcA, B. 

A.D. 1330. "^abl., A, B. f 1333, B. 



[1331] ^IJSS = 1331 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Took, etc. — According to the 
ClomnaonoiBe Annals (Mageoghe- 
gan) : " within a short while after 
died, after whose death his sonne,'' 
etc. 

^A host, etc. — In retaliation for 
the defection of Mao Dermot 
([1330], note 6, supra). The A. L. C. 
add that Mao Dermot attacked 



de Burgh, but was defeated with 
heavy loss ; ■which, however, he did 
not suffer to remain unavenged 
(apparently, by making sudden 
attacks on the retiring force of de 
Burgh). 

[133-2] •IJ2Q= 1332 of the 
A. L. O. 

^ Castle.— G^eeTX Castle, at the 
western entrance to Lough Foyle, 
according to O'Donovan (F. M. iii. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



451 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 20tli of the moon], a.d. [1331] 
1328i[-31]. Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- 
Luirg, abandoned his kingship and took the habit of the 
Grey [Cistercian] monks in the Monastery of the Buill. 
Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, his son, took^ the same kingship 
the sixth day after May-Day.— Fergal, son of Mael[- 
Sh]echlainn Oarrach Mac Dairmata, was killed by Tadhg, 
son of Cathal, son of Domnall Ua Conchobuir. — A host^ 
[was led] by Walter Mac "William [de Burgh], into Magh- 
Lnirg and the whole country was burned, except the 
churches and he gave protection to those. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 1st of the moon], a.d. [1332 Bis.] 
1329i[-32]. "Walter Mac William [de Burgh] was taken 
prisoner by the Earl [de Burgh] and carried by him to 
the castle^ of Inis-Eogain and he died in that prison of 
want. — The nobles of Scotland were slain^ by the Baliol. 
— The defeat of Berna-in-mil [was inflicted] on Tomaltach 
Mac Diarmata and on Mac William, where were killed 
many of the people of Mac William [by]* the son of the 
Earl and Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 12th of the moon], a.d. [1333] 
1330^[-33]. Tomaltach, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmata, 
died. — William de Burgh, Earl of "CTlster, was killed^ by 



550). But the New Castle of the 
A. L. C. rather identifies it with 
the castle mentioned in the " Names 
of all the chiefe places in O'Dowg- 
hertie's Cuntry, that is called 
Eunshenn (Inishowen) " contained 
in the Munich MS. 68» , f ol. 60b : 
"First, on the south syde of the 
cuntry, at the coming in [to Lough 
Swilly], is an old castle called New- 
castle." ([Unpublished] Report on 
Eymer's Foedera, p. 171. Cf. Suppl. 
to Ap., lb. p. 51.) 

s Slain.— At Dupplin Moor, Pert- 
shire, in 1332. Hence there is a 



prolepsis of three years in the 
textual date. 

^£y.— Taken from the J. L. O. 

[1333] 17^^0 = 1333 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Killed. — Clyn says on July 
[June]- 6, the Octave of Trinity 
Sunday (Easter — TV. C — was Ap. 
4; Trin. Sun., May 30. Hence 
July is a scribal error for June. 
The latest Octave in question is 
June 27.). There is accordingly a 
prolepsis of three years in the tex- 
tual date. 



452 



ccMMalcc ulcroTi. 



tnaiT.ba'D le ^aUaiB Ula-D 7 tia ^oiU i^ein -do coicim ann, 
eze\i ctioca'D 7 mairiba'D 7 capfiains, -do" Tntiinncip pig 
Saxan. — ^51 ^^^^^pT; TTlac 5oifT)el15 "oo mafibaxi le Cacal 
TTlac "OiapmaT:a ^all, ap lajfi a cai^plein •pein. — OCe'D, 
mac "Domnaill htli 'Domnaill, lai "Chijie-Conaill, aen 
■DUine pa'' mo sfiain 7 coi'Ctifi, peicium coiccenn,^ neoc 
|iob' pej^ii fmacc 7 laiajail fiobi 1^ n-aen aimfiifi pip, ayi 
m-bpei€ boa'Da -Doman 7 o "oeman, ayi ri-gabail aibici 
manaic lei€ uime, a ej; 1^ n-a^ lonspojiT; pein 7 a axinucal 
1 ^empall' ITIaiTiipcpec' Gfa-puai'S. Coticobup, mac 
CCefia cecna, t)0 gabail pip 'Chipe-Conaill ap* eip a 
acap. Imcopnarti eT;ep CCpi; htla^ Ti-T)omTiaill 7'' Con- 
cobup/ mac a aruppem, im' an' pige 7 CCpc ■do gabail le 
Concobup 7 a mapbaxi a cecoip leip. — 'Oonnca'D,'' mac 
CCe'oahtli 0611015,1)0 gabaille 'Coipp'oelbacO Concobuip, 
pi Connacc. — OCe'b TTlac CoTi[8h]nama mopcuup epc. — 
"Domnall TTlac Con[Sh]nama, i;aipec TTluinncepi-Cinaiu, 
mopcuup ept;. — TTl ac na hai-oce Tna5[ph]lannca'&a, 
a'obup t;aipi5 "Dapcpaigi, "do mapba-o le ConnaccaiB. 

jCaLlan. [uii.''p.,l'ra;.iii.°], 0Cnno"Oomini TTl ." ccc.° ccccx." 
1.° " [-1111.°] Sluaga'D le Connaccaib, ecep ^ctU 7 gco'^el, 
pa TTlumain cum Tna[i]c Conmapa. bpaig-oe^ 7 nepc -oo 
gabail "ooiB ap TTlac Conmapa. "Cempoll 'oo lopca'o le 

A.D. 1330. ^-cinti, B. ^a, A. ^-'n-a (aphaeresis of i), A. ^zwfi, 
B. ^0, A. "te — by, B. <■ I'p — {toko) is, A. = om., B. ' ITIaiTiipciia — 
(in) the Monastery, B. « (eceyi) Concobuin 7 — {between) Concobw and, B. 
^■^ om., B. By this and the preceding variant the order of the proper 
names in the Imcoptiarh item, as given in A, is inverted, '''mtin 
(aphaeresis of 1), B. 

A.D. 1331. 'brvaig'Di, (pi. of Aword), B. »abl., A, B. b 1334, B. 



^ Fell, etc. — According to Clyn, 
the slayers and more than 300 of 
their associates were slain by John 
de Mandeville on one day within 
two months after the slaying of 
de Burgh. On the other hand, 
Grace asserts (1333) that John 
Darcy, the justiciary, proceeded 



to Ulster, defeated the homicides, 
captured some and slew others. 

Mageoghegan states the "king 
of England [by the justiciary P] 
caused the said Englishmen to be 
hanged, drawn and quartered." 

* Killed. — Treacherously (4.x. C. 
and Mageoghegan). 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



453 



the Foreigners of IJlidia and those Foreigners fell* there- [1333] 
for, either hanged, or slain, or drawn, by the people of the 
king of the Saxons. — Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh was killed* by 
Cathal Mac Diarmata the Foreigner, in the centre of his 
own castle. — Aedh, son of Domnall Ua Domnaill,^ king of 
Tir-Conaill, the one person that caused most fear and 
triumph, general guarantor, the one of best sway and rule 
that was in the same time as he, after gaining victory 
from world and from demon, after taking the habit of a 
Grey [Cistercian] monk upon him, died in his own strong- 
hold® and was buried in the church of the Monastery of 
Ess-ruadh. Conchobur, son of the same Aedh, took the 
kingship of Tir-Conaill after his father. Contention 
[arose] between Art TJa Domnaill and Concobur, the son 
of his [Art's] own father, respecting the kingship, and 
Art was taken prisoner by Concobur and killed imme- 
diately by him. — Donnchadh, son of Aedh Ua Cellaigh, 
was taken prisoner by Toirdhelbach O'Oonchobuir, king 
of Connacht. — Aedh Mac Con[Sh]nama died. — Domnall 
Mac Con[Sh]nama, chief of Muinter-Cinaith, died.— 
Son of the night Mag [Fh]lannchadha, material of 
a chief of Dartraighi, was killed by the Connachtmen, 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 23rd of the moon,] a.d. [13341 
1331^[-4]. A hosting by the Connachtmen, both 
Foreigner and Gaidhel, into Munster, against Mac Con- 
mara. Pledge and sway were gained by them on Mac 
Conmara. A church was burned by a party of the host, 
wherein were two score and one hundred^ persons, both 

6 Ua Domnaill. — Died [1281], 
mpra, 

^ His ovm stronghold. — Inis-saimer 
{,Fowr Masters). " A small island 
in the river Erne, close to the cata- 
ract of Assaroe at Ballyshannon. 
It is to be distinguished from the 
monastery of Assaroe [in -which 
O'DonneU was buried], which is 
situated on the north side of the 
river, about one mile to the west of 



(O'D. 



the 



the town of Ballyshannon ' 
iii. 552). 

[1334] 1 ijji = 1334 of 
A. L. C. 

" Two score and one hundred, — 
" Some of the said armie burnt a 
church, wherein 180 persons [the 
number given in the A. L. C] with 
two priests were alltogether burnt 
and turnt to asshes " (Mageoghe- 
gan). 



454 



ccMNaLcc uLaroTi. 



■Dpeim -oo'ti c-fltiag ii^fiaba'DUifi va pcic 7 cec tjo "oainiB, 
eceyi tiairal- 7 ii'el 7 "oiap ■do faca\u:a\^ "oib "p'" 7 «° 
lofca'D° ipin tiile. — ^Deicnebuifi^ 7)o tYiuinn^ifi "Ohonnca-oa 
tiiabaig, mic 1Tlail[-8h]eclainn Cafifiaig TTlic 'Diapmaca. 
"DO ba^u'D ayi Loc-'CeiceD. — "Caxis, mac Cacail, mic "Oom- 
naill, qoieuic in [Chpifco].^ 

jcal. Ian. [i-" -p., I. iiii.,'] CCnno "Domini TTl.°ccc.° orarac." 
11.°* [-«•"] Seaan" O'hea^pa 7)o ^abail le mac in layila 
7 Tpojigla a mumnciiie "D'ayigam. — Cpec le damn "Dom- 
naill ai;i ^allaiB, i-oon, afi Clainn 1Tluiii.if Shugaig TTlic 
^eafiailc. Cifiec moiT. le Clamn-TTluipf ap a[n] damn 
ceT;na. layicap. Chonnacc vo milliU'D uile le Uilliam 
buyic "Dame imT)a vo mapba^ 7 cyieaca 7 loifcci 7 
uilc 'DiaiiT.mi'oe ajT. mac m layila 7 ap Chlamn-TlicaifiT) a 
btiific "DO 'oenum tio. Sic eceyi na OupcacaiB cecna." 

A70b[bii".] ICal. Ian. [11." p, Las-u.'], CCnno 'Domini XT)." occ" oca;x.° 
111.°" [-ui.°] 'Comalcac TTlac T)iapmaT)a,tii TTluisi-Ltiiifis, 
B 69d peyi |io bo mo | gfiain 7 cofcup 7 |iob'° i2e|i)T, fic 7 coca's,^ 
"oejic* 7 "oaenacc" fvo° bi a'^ n-Spinn* 1 ii-a aimfi|i i:ein, a 
eg a'' n-T)omnac na 'Cpmoi'De,'' 1 n-a longpoiic pem, 1 
Cala^ na Caijiifise^ 7 a a'onucal 1' TTIamifciti na buille,* 



'" alto-jpca'D, B. <i-d om., 
»»bl.,A, B. "1335^ B. 



B. 



^casccD, A. 



= om. (i.e. the year is blank), B. 



A.D. 1331. 

A.D. 1332. 

A.D. 1333. 
coiriri-isi), A. It' 1336, B. «'Dob', B. "-^om., B. e^o, B. 'im, B. ey 
ayiaile — and the rest (of the A text, ■which the compiler deemed it mine- 
oessary to transcribe) — added, B. 



^cailfiiiasi (doubtless a scribal mistake for 



[1335] i7jj'2=1335 of the 
A. L. C. 

^ Earl. — Richard de Burgh, the 
Eed Earl, who died [1326], supra. 

^Domnall. — O'Conor, mentioned 
in the final entry of the preceding 
year. 

* Gerald. — Taken from Mageo- 
ghegan : " The sonns of Donnell 
O'Connor took a prey from the 



sonns [descendants] of G-erald 
Succkagh [Merry] and lolled Mao 
Morishe himself. This is Mao 
Morish of the Bryes, he is of the 
Greraldines" (1335). 

From this it may be concluded 
that the founder of the family of 
Mao Maurice of the Bryes (or 
Brees : a castle in the par. of Mayo, 
bar. of Clanmorris, co. Mayo, O'D. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



455 



noble and base and two priests were of them and tbose all [1334] 
•were burned. — Ten of tbe people of Donncbadb the 
Swartby, son of Mael[Sh]echlainn Carrach MacDiarmata, 
were drowned on Locb-Teicbed. — Tadhg, son of Catbal, 
son of DomnaU [Ua Concbobair] rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 4tb of tbe moonj a.d. [1335] 
1332i[-5]. John O'bEagbra was taken prisoner by tbe 
son of tbe EarF and considerable part of bis people were 
plundered. — A foray was made by tbe sons of Domnall^ on 
tbe Foreigners, namely, on tbe Clan of [Gerald*] tbe 
Merry [Mac] Maurice Fitz Gerald. A great [retaliatory] 
foray [was made] by tbe Clann- Maurice on tbe same sons 
of DomnaU. — Tbe West of Connacbt was all destroyed by 
William de Burgb.^ Persona numerous were killed and 
preys and burnings and ills innumerable were done by 
bim on tbe son^ of tbe Earl and on tbe Clann-Eicaird'^ de 
Burgb. Peace [was made] between tbe same de Burghs. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 15tb of tbe moon], a.d. [1336 Bis] 
133oi[-6]. Tomaltacb Mac Diarmata, king of Magb- 
Luirg, tbe man wbo wrougbt most fear and triumph and 
was the best for peace and war, charity and humanity that 
was in Ireland in bis own time, died on tbe Sunday of tbe 
Trinity,^ in bis own stronghold, at tbe Stratb of tbe Eock^ 
and was buried in tbe Monastery of tbe BuiU witb an 



iii. 638) -was the Gerald the Merry 
who died in 1251 {A. L. C). 

" William de Burgh. — This should 
be Edmond Mao William de Burgh 
(A.L.C.). He -was the eponymous 
head of Mac WiUiam lohtar, or 
Lower. 

6 Son. — William, mentioned in 
the first entry of this year. He 
took the name of Mao William 
Uachtar, or Upper. 



' Clann-Ricaird. — Descendants of 
Richard (de Burgh, the Bed Earl) ; 
anglicised Clanriokard. The tribe 
was Mao WiUiam Upper. 

[1336] 1 IS33 — 1336 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Sunday of the Trinity,— M.&y 26. 
May 24, 4. L. C. and Mageoghegan, 
but erroneously ; Easter (VII. P) 
fell on March 31 in 1336. 



456 



CCNMalCC ULCCDJI. 



CO* focfiOT'D onofiac- (jfuicuncfue legepiz; ojae?:-* Conco- 
b up, mac 130171 alT;ai 5 TTlic T)iafimaca, -do gabail pi 51 ap*" 
eip" a acap. — "Ceboir; a Oupc mopcuop epc. — mailip" 
TTlac Siupr;an "o'execpa, quieuic in [Chpipco]. — TnaiT)m 
le heogan hUa imaD05a[i]n ap Clamri-RicaipT) a bupc 
TDU icpocaip peif pep 7 cpi picir;, ecep mai^ 7 paic.'' — 
T)oTnnall, mac 8eaa[i]n, mic T)omnaill [Uji Concobuip, 
mopcuup efT,. — NiaU/ mac Concobuip TTlic 'Caixig, 
occifup epc T)'aen upcup poig-oi. — 'CpinoiT: lNlaa[i]n, 
maigifcep coiccenn 1 n-eala'onaib eccamlaiB, 1 n-TDlisexf 
canonDa 7 ilLex, mopz^uup epc — Cpec mop Le macaiB 
"Oiapmax)[a] ^abl ap Clainn-n^oip'oelB 7 -do mapbax* 
TTlaius, ^ccc bailcpin TYlic [gbJoifDealb. — Cpec mop Le 
hCmonn ITlac UiLliam ap CLainn-CacaiL, 'du ap'haipgeT) 
Concobup ■pLanna5a[i]n 7 mopan aiLe no Luce in cipe. 
Ocuf "DO mapbaxi TTlaeL-SecLainn, mac CCe-oa hUi pbLan- 
na5a[i]n, ap t;opaiT)ecu na cpeice 7 t)0 gabaxi Leop an mac 
TTlic-in-TniLit). — Cancobup TTlac 'Diapma'Da, pi ITIuisi- 
tuips 7 CCex), mac CCex»a 7 Lucr cige h['U]i Concobuip 7 
CLann-'Donncaif) 7 gLapLac Cpice-Caipppi im Copmac, 
mac RuaiT>pi, xio ■duL ap cpeic bi "Cip-phiacpac, co pan- 
ga-Dup muLLac-paua. Ocup ba in cipe vo ceice-o pompa. 
maipbeDaLa mopa 7 capaiLL imtia t)0 cabaipc 7)oiB Leo 
7 Le ConnacuaiB apcena." CaipLen mop TTlic ^oipDoLIS 
■DO Lesa-D^ Le 'Coipp'oeLbac 7 Le Connaccaib apcena. 

ICaL 1an. [1111.^ p., L. xocui."], CCnno "Domini TT1.° ccc" 
xax" iiii.°''[-uii.°]. Siu° 'DO -Dcnum -do mac in 1apLa pe 
Opian m-ban m-Opiam. — 81c vo Tienam 'D'CCexi pemup 
hUa NeiLL (i-ooii/ CCexi mei^'^) pe hOipsiaLLaiB 7 pe 

A.D. 1333. ^Leagan, A. '>■'' ■o'eip {same in meaning as tte A read- 
ing, B). 
A.D. 1334: ""bl., A, B. >> 1337, A. =« om., B. ^-litl., t. h., (A) MS. 



3 The Rock.—Oi Lough Ce. See 
O'Donovan, F. M., iii. 556. 

* Son of Domnall. — Sou of Eogan, 
B ; against tie A. L. C. 

' Clann-Cathail — Descendants of 



Cat/ml : the tribe name of the 
O'Flannagans (co. Eosoommon). 

^Son of Aedh. — Son of Peldh- 
limidh, son of Aedh, son of Eogan 
O'Conor, A. L. C. ; son of Peidh- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 457 

honourable funeral. Whoso reads, let him pray. Con- [1336] 
cobur, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, took the kingship 
after his father. — Theobald de Burgh died. — ^Meyler Mao 
Jordan de Exeter, rested in Christ — Defeat [was inflicted] 
by Eogan Ua Madugha[i]n on the Clann-Ricaird de Burgh, 
wherein fell three score and six, both good and bad. — 
Domnall, son of John, son of Domnall* Fa Concobuir, died. 
— Niall, son of Concobur Mac Taidhg, was slain by one 
shot of an arrow. — Trinity 0'Naa[i]n, general master in 
divers arts, in the Canon Law and [Civil] Law, died. — 
A great foray by the sons of Diarmait [Mac Diarmata] the 
Foreigner on the Clann-Goisdelbh and Maiug, son of 
Waltrim Mac [GJoisdelb, was killed.^A foray [was made] 
by Edmond Mac WiUiam [de Burgh] on the Clann- 
Cathail,^ wherein Conchobur 0'Flannaga[i]n and many 
more of the people of the country were plundered. And 
Mael-Sechlainn, son of Aedh Ua Flannaga[i]n, was killed 
in the pursuit of the foray and the son of Mac-in-MiKdh 
was taken prisoner by them. — Concobur Mac Diarmada, 
king of Magh-Luirg and Aedh, son of Aedh^ and the 
household force of Ua Conchobuir and the Clann-Donn- 
chaidh and the recruits of Crich-Cairpri under Cormac, 
son of Ruaidhri [Ua Conch obair] went on a foray into 
Tir-Fiachrach, 'until they reached Mullaeh-ratha. And the 
beeves of the country fled'' before them. Large inanimate 
chattels and many horses were brought by them and by 
the Connachtmen also with them. The great castle of 
Mac Goistelb^ was levelled [on that occasion] by Toirdhel- 
bach and by the Connachtmen likewise. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 26th of the moon], a.d. [1337] 
1334i[^7]. Peace was made by [William] the son of the 
Earl [de Burgh] with Brian G'Briain the Fair. — Peace 
was made by Aedh Ua Neill the Stout (that is, Aedh the 



limidh, son of Aedh O'Conor, 
Mageoghegan. 

''Fled. — That is, were driven off 
hastilj. 

* Great castle of Mac Goistelb. — 



Anglicised Castlemore Costello 
(bar. of Costello, 00. Mayo. O'D . iii. 
558-9). 

[1337] ' ljj^ = 1337 of- the 
A.L.C. 

2g 



458 



aMMCclcc uLccoti. 



■pepaiB-nianac. — parlonspofit; xio ■oenum le T:0^\\.'(mel- 
Bac hUa Concobuip. 15 CCc-bacc 1 n-a'Daig emoinx) a 
bupc — Seoan pallammn, cai-pec Clainni-htlaT)ac, 
ino]T.cutif efc.° — "Cav^ VTia^ 'pianncaix), caifec "Oaiac- 
paigi, "DO tnaiabaxi le Coyimac, mac K,tiaiTiiai, mic *Dom- 
A 70o naiU, maiaaen ^e focfiaTOe aile/ | a" n-'oisail Seaain 
Tflic "DomnailL Ocuf Cjieaca mofia 'do 'oenum ap. 
T)a)ax;p,ai5iB 7 mac TTluifiif TTleg phlanncai'O'DO mafibaxt 
an la ceuna.° — 'Ca'Dg^y Tnail[-8h]eclainn,T)amaclTriai|i 
TTIes Ra^naill, t)0 gabail tdo Chacal THas 'Ralnaill. 
Uilbam, mac TTlacgamna 7111 bla'oaile'DOclainn Imaip, 
iDon, Concobup 7 Tomalcac, f-igaxibuiix Tnuinncep,!- 
heolti[i]f, "DO cinol T)'a c6p,aiT)ecc 7 CacalTTlac Ragnaill 
7 TTlasTiuf, mac peiigail, t)0 mayiba'D t)oi1S. T/aifec -do 
^enum do 'Chat>5 TTlas Ragnaill." — T)omnall yiuaxi^ 
ITlaille 7 Cotimac TDaille, a mac, -oo mafibaxi vo 
ClaiTin-nrieibpic 7 vo ^hallaib ailiB maille ipjiiu, axtaig" 
peil Scepain in bliax>ain fi.' — 'Comdf, mac Capmaic htli 
"Oomnaill, efpuc ■Cipi-Conaill, fai n-egna 7 cj'iaba'o 
coiccenn" ^a biati 7 -pa ellac ■o'eigfilS 7 'o'ollamnailS in 
bera," in Chfii-pco quieuic. 

}Cal. Ian. u. p., [l-'uii."], CJCnno "Domini 1T1.° ccc.° xacoc. 
u.°''[-uiii.°]. 1Ruaiti|ii (in° einij, mac'PLaicbep.cais, mic 
T)huinn 015, aliaf Caiipaic") ITlas 11ii'D|i, tii "Peti-TTlanac 
7 Laca-eipne (pB\f qt]acuopT)ecim annof ; aliaf, peyi-ouof 
annof^), m •pep if mo ifio citilaic 'o'aifge'D 7 -o'lnnmuf, 
■o'ecaiB 7 -D'almaiB 7 -o'lnnilib, -do xiul Tj'eg pe ha-oapr. 



A.O. 1334. -^oae, A. ^-g, A. 
A.D. 1335. — »-a bl., A, B. »> 1338, o. m., B. 
(except m einij) B. 



"■»itl., t. h., A; om. 



^ Edmond de Burgh. — The Lower 
(or northern) Mao William. 

^ In revenge, etc Prom this it 

can be inferred that John O'Conor 
bad been slain by the Mao Clancys 
(Maio Flannchadha). 



* Mathgamain, Fergal.—'Biot'heTa 
The former treacherously slew the 
latter in 1306 (A. L. C). Hence 
the feud between their sons. 

^Bishop. — Since [1319], supra. 

[1338] '/jjj'.— The ferial (6) 
proves that the true year is 1338. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 459 

Fat) with the Oirghialla and with the Fir-Manach.— A [1337] 
fortress was made by Toirdhelbach Ua Concobuir at Ath- 
liacc against Edmond de Burgh.^— John O'Fallamain, 
chief of Clann-hUadach, died.— Tadhg Mag Flannchaidh, 
chief of Dartraighi, was killed, together with a multitude 
besides, by Cormac, son of Ruaidhri, son of Domnall [Ua 
Conchobair] in revenge^ of John, son of Domnall [Ua Con- 
chobair]. And great forays were made on Dartraighi and 
the son of Maurice Mag Flannchaidh was killed the same 
day. — Tadhg and Mael[-Sh]echlainn, two sons of Imhar 
Mag Eaghnaill were taken prisoners by Cathal Mag 
Raghnaill. William, son of Mathgamain* [Mag Ragh- 
naill] and the other part of the children of Imar, namely, 
Concobur and Tomaltach, royal heirs of Mainter-Eolu[i]s, 
assembled to pursue them and Cathal Mag Raghnaill and 
Maghnus, son of Fergall* [Mag Raghnaill], were killed by 
them. Tadhg Mag Raghnaill was [in consequence] made 
a chieftain of. — Domnall O'Maille the Red and Cormac 
O'Maille, his son, were killed by the Clann-Mebric and 
by other Foreigners along with them, the. night of the 
feast of Stephen [Dec. 26] this year. — Thomas, son of 
Carmac Ua Domnaill, bishop^ of Tir-Conaill [Raphoe], 
eminent in wisdom and in general benevolence in food 
and in cattle to the learned and the poets of the world, 
rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, [7th of the moon], a.d. [1338] 
1335^[-8]. Ruaidhri (of the hospitality, son of 
Flaithbertach, son of Donn junior, otherwise Carrach) 
Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach and of Loch-Eirne (for 
fourteen^ years ; otherwise, for two years), the man that 
most bestowed of money and of goods, of horses and of 



" Fourteen. — Recte, eleven. Euaddhri succeeded Flaithtertaeh in [1327], 
supra. 

2g2 



460 



aMMaicc uLccdTi. 



A70d 



ia|i m-buai'D'' o" eigfiB 7 ollamTiaiB.''— TDac layila 
Ula-D T)o |abail 'o'emonn a buyic 7 a cu|i ilLoc-Oii^bfen. 
Uilc" moi;ia 7 cagati coiccenn 1 Connaccaib T^piT) fin. — 
■CaTis mac Ruai'Diai, mic CacaithUi Concobuiyi, -do gabml 
"DO Tomaf mag 8aiTifiaT»ain 7 moyian v'a tnuinnciiT, ■do 
ma|ibau TTIas Shatfi|ia'Da[i]n -do t)uI -do €15 [ti]i Con- 
cobtnfi in bliaxiain cecna 7 a cecu ap-if 1 n-a [-pjiaiceing 
7 aif-cif DO cabofic vo Clainn-Tlluipceifir;ai5 aiia 7 "oo 
1Tluinnciia-eol«[i]f 7 -do coimcinol na bfieipne, ecefi 
SaixieL 7 ^aUoglac. Ocuf ITlas 8am]aa'Da[i]n ■do gabail 
7 mopan t)'a mtiiTinciiri do mapbaD." — CCeD in cleicig, mac 
TluaiDpi [tl]i Concobuip, do lot; ayi Defiexi cfieice 'fa 
bolegan 7 a eg do. — 'De|ibail,' injen Ca^ail TTlic TTlup.- 
chaiD, ben "OonncaDa, mic CCeDa 015, D'eg." 

Ical. 1an. ui. p., [l.''cc.tiiii.'']CCnno'Domini 1T1 .° ccc.° axK." 
«i.°''[-ix.°] Sluag^ moia la hCCeD fiemap,^ hUa Meill cum 
"Cip-e-Conaill, Dafi'mayibaD mac | Seaam hUi Kleill 7 
^apppaig bUa "Oomnaill la muinncip, htli 'Docajficais. — 
■RuaiDpi Ceallaig, ]\\ hUa^-TTlaine, do mapbaD la 
Cacal, mac OCexia, mic Gogain, aia" n-Dul a C15 t^oiifiifiDel- 
baig hUi Concobuip. d'o cig pem. 8ai Gjienn gan 
imyiepain pem." — Gmonn ITlac Uilliam a Ouiac D'inna)i- 
ba[D] in bliaxiain pi.'* — Oean° mic lapla tJlaD, iDon, 
ingen "CoipfiDelbaig hUi Oyiiain, do cabaipc do 'Uoipp- 
Delbac hUa Concobuip, do pig Connacu, in bliaDam pi 7 
T)enbail, ingen (Xcoa [tl]i "OomnaiLl, do legan do. — 
"Comap Ulas SampaDa[i]n, do bi illaim i[c] CLamn- 

A.D. 1335. " 7 ayiaite — and so on — added, B. «-«oiii., B. 
A.D. 1336. 1-57, B. 2p^ea-, A. ^0, A. "•bl., A, B. i' 1339, B. 
"oin.,B. o om., B. 



^Put into. — With a stone tied to 
his neck, according to the A. L. C. 
and Mageoghegan, 

" Went to the house.— See [1339], 
note 4, infra. 

^ Of the Quill. — Mageoghegan, 



according to O'Donovan (iii. 564), 
says the soubriquet was applied to 
Aedh, because his mother could 
weave. 

[1339] Vjj6.— The ferial (6) 
proves that the true year is 1339. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 461 

terds and of cattle, died on the pillow after victory [of [1338] 
praise] from learned and from poets. — [Edmond] son of 
the [red] Earl of Ulster was taken prisoner by Edmond de 
Burgh and put into^ Loch-Oirbsen. Great evils and 
general war [arose] in Connacht through that. — Tadhg, 
son of Ruaidhri, son of Cathal IJa Conchobuir, was taken 
prisoner by Thomas Mag Samhradha[i]n and many of 
his people were killed, Mag Shamhradba[i]nwent to the 
house* of IJa Concobuir the same year and he came back 
again and on his return an attack was made by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh and by Muinter-Eolu[i]s and by the muster 
of the Breifni, both Foreigner and Gallowglass, on him. 
And Mag Shamhradha[i]n was taken prisoner and many 
of his people were killed. — A.edh of the Quill,^ son 
of Ruaidhri Fa Conchobuir, was [mortally] injured in the 
rere of a foray in the Bolegan and he died thereof — 
Derbhail, daughter of Cathal Mac Murchadha, wife of 
Donnchadh, son of Aedh [Mag Uidhir] junior, died. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, [18th of the moon], a.T). [1339J 
1336i[-9]. A great host [was led] by Aedh Ua JSTeiU the 
Stout to Tir-Conaill, whereby were killed the son of John 
Ua JSTeill and Geoffrey Ua Domnaill by the people of 
Ua Dochartaigh. — Ruaidhri O'Ceallaigh, king of Ui- 
Maine, was killed by Cathal, son of Aedh, son of Eogan 
[Ua Conchobair], after going from the house of Toirdel- 
bach Ua Concobuir to his own. The most eminent in 
Ireland without dispute [w/as] that man. — Edmond Mac 
WiUiam de Burgh was expelled^ this year. — The wife of 
the son of the Earl of Ulster, namely, the daughter of 
Toirdelbach Ua Briain, was taken [to wife] by Toirdelbach 
Ua Concobuir, [that is,] by the king of Connacht, this 
year and Derbail, daughter of Aedh Ua Domnaill, was 
abandoned by him. — Thomas Mag Samradha[i]n, who 

^Expelled. — This was the second j the first in the A. L. C. under 
expulsion. See the account of | 1338. 



462 



ccNNalcc ulcroti. 



Tnoiiaceiacaig, 7)0 •oul af iti blia'oain ipiTi, ayi n-T)iulT;a-D 
Ti'insm T)onnca-Da fxiabaig yiif 7 a Da mac ■o'elol ifin 
blia'oain fin pof." — pLaig* mofL vo •pnecua 7 vo -pic in° 
bbo'Sain fin°, cenn caici'Difi t)0 §eirhyxe'D co uainic bio's 
■o'efiyiac, CO n-DeacaiX) mopan T)'ellac Cpenn "o'eg' ann 7° 
guiyic geiTiaiia Gjienn -do xiul a Tnuguxia 111 bliaxiain ceT;na." 

B70a[biip.] jcaL Ian. tm." p/ [l." ra-icc."], CCnno t)omini 171.° ccc." 
xxx." tm.°°[-3:b-°] Comcosbail" rnoia cagaTO ecep TTlaine- 
cai6, 1-Don, evep. "Ca-oj, mac 'Cai'os [tl]i Cbeallaig 7 
UiUiam, mac 'Donnca'Da TTIuimnig [Uji Cbeallaig 7 
"Donncaxi, mac CCexia [t(]i Cbellaig, v'a cue 'Coifip'Delbac 
Concobuipi uplamuf 0-TTlaine, tio TJav^ 7 mopan "o'a 
cine'D pein pop, jUficeiLspec tdlbam apcipi imac. Ocup 
fiolenpac uile e, jup'i'mpo Uilbam oppa 7 jup'mapba'D 
TJonnca-o, mac CCeiia [tl]i Cellaig 7 sup'saba-D 'Ca'Dg 
Cellaig 7 gup'boiceT) 7C0 n-T)eacai'5 "o'eg v'a loicib.'' — 
TTlaeL-Seclainn hUa^ ^aipmleagai'D, caipec Cene[oi]L- 
1Tloa[i]n, 'o'eg. — 'Coipc* tiocoDap meic tlal[5]aipic hUi 
■Ruaipc, TDon, 'Oomnall7 CCexi 7 ^il^cc-CpipT) 7 Ruaixipi, 
ap cpeic cum Cacail, mic OCe'oaOpeipnis 7 vo pmneaDUp 

A.D. 1336. *-6, B. • om., A. 

A.D. 1337. 10, B. "-iiom., B. I'l'bl., A, B. =1340,8. d'^om., B. 



' Was set free. — Literally, went 
out of it (the captivity, by consent 
of his custodians). 

*Donnchadh. — Namely, O'Couor. 

* Was renounced. — From this it ap- 
pears that the " going to the house 
of O'Conor," mentioned in the pre- 
vious year, was to contract a mar- 
riage alliance, the rescision of which 
was the condition of Magauian's 
release. 

The A. L. C. and Mageoghegan 
merely state that he was set at 
liberty. 

'Snow, etc. — "This year was 



very stormy and hurtful to men 
and animals ; for from the feast of 
All Saints [Nov. 1, 13381 to Easter 
[March 28, 1339] for the most part 
there was rain, snow, or frost. 
Prom the feast of St. Andrew [Nov. 
30, 1338] tillage operations ceased 
on account of the snow and frost, 
which at that time abounded al- 
most continuously. . . . This year 
[1339] oxen and cows were dying, 
and sheep especially were almost 
destroyed : so that, according to 
common report, scarce a seventh 
part of the sheep escaped the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



463 



■was in custody with the Clann-Muircertaigh, was set free* [1339] 
in that year, after the daughter of Donnchadh* the Swarthy 
■was renounced* him and his two sons escaped that year 
likewise. — A great plague of snow® and of frost [prevailed] 
that year from the beginning of a fortnight of winter until 
a part of spring came, so that much of the cattle of Ireland 
suffered death and the green crops of Ireland went to 
nought the same year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, [29th of the moon,] a.d. [1340 Bis.] 
1337^[-40]. Great levy of war [took place] between the 
TJi-Maine, namely, bet^ween Tadhg, son of Tadhg^ TJa 
Cellaigh and William, son of Donnchadh Ua Ceallaigh 
the Momonian^ and Donnchadh son of Aedh Ua Cellaigh, 
to ■whom* Toirdelbach O'Concobuir gave the governance of 
Ui- Maine, [namely] to Tadhg^, and [between] great part 
of their own tribe likewise, so that they cast William from 
the country forth. And they all followed him, until 
WiUiam turned upon them and Donnchadh, son of Aedh 
TJa Cellaigh, was killed and Tadhg 0' Cellaigh was taken® 
prisoner and wounded and underwent death of his injuries. 
— Mael-Sechlainn TJa Grairmleghaidh, chief of Cenel- 
Moen, died. — An expedition was gone upon by the sons of 
TJal[gh]arc Ua Ruairc, namely, Domnall and Aedh and 
Gilla-Crisd and Ruaidhri, on a foray against Cathal, son 
of Aedh [Ua Conchobair] the Brefnian and they made an 



plague; but there -was greater loss 
of lambs. Also in this year, in 
Lent, sallows produced roses in 
England, -which were carried to 
different countries as a sight " 
(Clyn). 

[1340] i/jj/.— The ferial (7) 
proves that the true year is 
1340. 

' TadTig. — Slaia in the battle of 
Athenry, co. Galway [1316], supra. 

3 Donnchadh the Momonicm (reared 



in Munster) King of IJi-Maine ; 

died [1307], supra. 

* To whom — Tadhg. — This clause 
should have been inserted after son 
of Tadhg Ua Cellaigh. 

^ Gave to Tadhg. — After the slay- 
ing of Ruaidhri in the preceding 
year. 

8 Was taken, «ic. — "And at his 
taking was hurt grievously, of 
which hurt Teig died afterwards " 
CMageoghegan ). 



464 



aNMalcc ulcroTi. 



cp-ec a-Dbal gan iTn|iefaiii 7 -do TtiajfiBa-oup. Concobup, mac 
"Donncafia i^abaig 7 mofian aile. T)o \imne Ccrcal 
TDOjiaix) mai€,T)aia'-paft;o moinan t)o'n cpeic ■jva]\'ma\iba'X) 
T)0Tnnall Ruaiiic, aen pcc^a mac pi 5 na bpeipie 7 
mojaan T>'a muinnci|i mafiaen pif 7 ■Dayi'saba'D ann 
^illa-CpifD Ruaific 7 TTlac Con [8b ]n am a. "Corns, mac 
RuaTOpi til Concobuip, -do bi illami 05 Tluaiiic, t)0 
legan amac cpe compuaflugaTi gi^ba-CpifD [tlji Ruaipc- 
— Gee's, mac peixilimi'D Ui Concobuiia, t)0 gabail vo 
"Choifiiaxielbac Concoboip, ■do pig Connacc 7 caga^ 
■D'eiiagi cpiT) fin ecep Concobuifi 7 Concobup, TDac n- 
A 71a "Diapmaca, | pi TYlui5i-ttiiiri5 7 5up,'milleximoifian ecoinifia. 
— Siupcan puax» ITlac ^oif^elb vo mapbaxi t)0 Caual 
TTlac "Diapmaca ^ccU. — "Caxis TTlac 'Donncaix) vo gabail 
■DO Concobup TTlac 'Diayimaca in bliaxiain fin.*— CamL 
TTlac "Diapmaca ^c'l'^! oen pagu^ mac pig Connacc ap" 
501I 7 apgaifcc'D, apT:peifi 7 ap a5mtiipe7 ap innp aigi'o, 
ap copnum CCipcig 7 Sleibe-tuga vo ap T^apaxi a lama 
lai-Dipe/ Tio mapbaB "oo "Dhonncax) piabac, mac TTlail 
[-Shjecbamn Chappaig, rpe pell 15 tip-pelbaig 1 CloinTi- 
Concobuip- — TTlagnup,'^ mac Carail, mic CCnnpiap, "oo 
mapba-D do Coral, mac CCe'oa Opeipnij.* — Opian ojTTlag 
8ampaTia[i]n -do mapba'D'oo'Cbellac-'Duncatia. — eogan'' 
hUa b&igin, pi O-piacpac-CCixine, no mapba^ -o'a 
bpaicpiB pein. — Cogan, mac Seppaig TTleg Tlagnaill 7 
CCexi TTlailmia'aaig -do mapba^ a ceile. — CCxiam TTlag 
'Cheice'Da[i]n ■D'eg.— pilib T»uiB5enna[i]n, pai jan 
impepain, 'o'g's- — Iniug, ingen TTlic ^oipnelb, ben Cogain 

A.D. 1337. =-a, B. 



'' Donnehadh Grandson of Mur- 

tougli O'Conor the Momonian, A. 
L. C. They add that this was the 
first rupture between the O'Rourkes 
and the descendants of Ilurtough 
the Momonian. 

8 In custody. — See the third entry 
of [1338], supra. 



^ Aedh, etc. — This entry is given 
with more detail in the A. L. C. 
andii'. M. (Mageoghegan's version 
is quoted in the latter, iii. 669). 

1° Son of Andrew. — Son of Dom- 
naU, A. L. C. (apparently with 
more accuracy). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 465 

indisputably enormous foray and killed Concobur, son of [1340] 
Donnchadh.^ the Swarthy and many others. Cathal made 
good pursuit, whereby much of the prey was wrested and 
Domnall O'Ruairc, the choicest of the sons of the kings of 
the Breifni and many of his people along with him were 
killed and Gilla-Crisd O'Ruairc and Mac Con[Sh]nama 
were captured. Tadhg, son of Euaidhri tla Concobuir, 
who was in custody* with 0'E.uairc, was left out for the 
co-liberation of Gilla-Crisd TJa Ruairc. — Aedh,^ son of 
Feidhlimidh Ua Concobuir, was taken prisoner by Toir- 
dhelbach O'Conchobuir, [namely] by the king of Connacht. 
And war arose through that between O'Conchobuir and 
Concobur Mac Diarmata, king of Magh-Luirg and much 
was destroyed between them. — Jordan Mac Groisdelb the 
Red was killed by Cathal Mac Diarmata the Foreigner. — • 
Tadhg Mac Donnchaidh was taken prisoner by Concobur 
Mac Diarmata that year. — Cathal Mac Diarmata the 
Foreigner, the choicest of the sons of the kings of Con- 
nacht for spirit and for prowess, for excellence and for 
felicity and for attack, for defending Airtech and Sliabh- 
Lugha by virtue of his strong hand, was killed by Donn- 
chadh the Swarthy, son of Mail[-Sh]echlainn Carrach 
[Mac Diarmata], through treachery, at Lis-selbaig in 
Clann-Conchobuir. — Maghnus, son of Cathal, son of 
Andrew^^ [Ua Conchobair], was killed by Cathal, son of 
Aedh Ua Conchobair the Brefnian. — Brian Mag Samrad- 
ha[i]n junior was killed by the Telia ch-Dunchadha. — Eogan 
Ua hEighin, king of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, was killed by 
his own kinsmen. — Eogan, son of Geoffrey Mag Raghnaill 
and Aedh O'Mailmiadhaigh killed each other, — Adam 
Mag Teichedha[i]n died. — Philip 0'Duibhgenna[i]n, a 
sage^^ without question, died. — Iniug, daughter of Mac 



^'^Sage. — O'Duigenan, according i torian) of Gonniaicni (i. e. the 
to the A. L. C, was cUani (his- ) O'Rourkes, oo. Leitrim). 



466 



aMMaloc ularoh. 



A 71b 



ITlic pngin, T)'ej;. — tliLliann, mac ^lUibei^T; ITlic ^oif- 
■oelB, -DO mafiba'S ajx jjaeif 'fa bfieipne ■do 7361106-60000. 
— Ruai-Dyii, mac ITlasnufa [Uji hOa^iia, -D'es.— ITlaca, 
mac OCnnail hlli RaigiLlais, 'oomaiiba'D ■o'CCnriiaiaf, mac 
Op-ioin hUi Raisilloig 7 ci^eca mopo "do Tienum 'f'" 
bolgon "Do'n t;oifc ■pin." 

|Cal. Ion. 11. p., I. [x.'], CCnno T)omini m.°ccc.° xxx. 
«iii.'"[-xl.° 1.°] TTlaTOm mop -do mboiTiC'oo TTloc UiUiom 
Ouiac op Clainn-TTluiiaif, ■du inap'mafibafi 'Comaf TTlac 
muiyiif, ITluiiiii^ moo Seonog puaro 7 -Deicnebuii 7 npi 
T21C1T: a]\ oen |iiu. — "Domnoll" TTI05 "Ohopcoi-D.raipec Cene- 
[oi]l-Luaca[i]n,'o'e5. — T)onncafi,mac TTlic na hoi'Dce 
■meg [phjlanncaxio, "do moiabaxi "o'CCeTi, mac 'Cai'DS TTles 
[phJlannco'Sa. — O^ctiT^mleosaiti'D'ej^. — byiion piaiiro, 
caii^ec Sil-TTlailiitianais, "D'eg. — Cocol TTlao Ceicep,r\ai5 
■DO moi^bax) 'D'efsuia''. — Coiflen Ropa-Comain -do gobail 
no 'Choijipxielbac hUo^ Concobuip. Ooop CCexi, mac 
PeTobmiTi, "DO bi lUiom '-pet caiplen, "Docpei^ v'O Chonco- 
buiji e. — Seoon IDog macjamna -do cup o hOC[i]|i5ialtai15. 
— Cu-Chonnacc" Cuint), coipec Tnuinncepi-5iU5a[i]n, 
mopuuup epc." 

(TTluificepcac'' TTloc-iri-sabann, abb Clocaip, moiacuuf 
efv ICoLeiTDif pebptiapn.") 

]Cal. loti. 111. p., I. [cccc.!."], CCnno T)omini TTl.°ccc.°xccx.'* 

ix.°''[-xl.'' 11.°] In ^illo nub TTlas Umiyi no ba^un 

ap Loc-eiiine ap nepen cpieice. — Cagon" mopn'eiiiji et;ep 

"Choipfinelbac Concobup, p.i Connacc 7 Concobupi THac 

A.D. 1338. ' 0, B. ".xx." 11°, A, B. Thi3 epact does not occur in the 
DecemnoTennal Cycle. >> 1341, B. "^ om., B. ^-^n. t. h., A, om., B. 
A.D. 1339. ^.xx." 1111." ! A, B. ^ 1342, B. ""om., B. 



12 fiTefe made. — By Andrew 
O'Eeilly {A. L. C.) 

[1341] Vjj<y.— The ferial (2) 
proves that the true year is 1341. 

^Johnock. — Mac Maurice. 

' Three score and ten. — Seven 



score, A. L. C. The Four Masters 
adopt the textual number. 

^O'Gairmleghaidh. — Chief of 
Cenel-Moen (the tribal name of the 
O'Gormleys),^. /. C. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



467 



Goisdelb, wife of Eogan Mac Fingm, died. — "William, son [1340] 
of Gilbert Mac Goisdelb, was killed on a night-foray in the 
Breifni by the Tellacb-Eacbaeh, — Ruaidhri, son of Magh- 
nus Ua bEaghra, died, — Matthew, son of Annagb Ua 
Raigbillaigh, was killed by Andrew, son of Brian Ua 
Raigbillaigb and great forays were madtji^ £^ ^be Bolegan 
during ibat expedition. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, [10th of the moon,] a.d. [1341] 
1338i[-41]. Great defeat was inflicted by Mac "William 
de Burgh on the Clann-Maurice, wherein were killed 
Thomas Mac Maurice, son of Johnock^ the Red and three 
score and ten^ along with them. — Domnali Mag Dorchaidh, 
chief of Cenel-Luacain, died. — Donnchadh, son of Son 
of the Night Mag [F]lannchadha, was killed by 
Aedh, son of Tadhg Mag [FJlannchadha. — O'Gairm- 
leghaidh* died.— Brian O'Flainn, chief of Sil-Mailrua- 
naigh, died. — Cathal Mac Ceithernaigh was killed by a 
fall. — The castle of Eos-Comain was taken by ToirdbeL 
bach Ua Conchobuir. And Aedh, son of Eeidhlimidh [Ua 
Conchobair], that was in custody^ in the castle, betrayed 
it to O'Concobuir. — John Mag Mathgamna was put out of 
Airghialla. — Cu-Connacht O'Cuinn, chief of Muinter- 
Gillga[i]n, died. 

(Muircertacy Mac-in-ghabann,^ abbot of Clochar, died (1338) 
on the Kalends [1st] of February.') 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, [21st] of the moon, a.d. [1342] 
1339i[-42]. The black Gillie Mag Uidhir was 
drowned on Loch-Eirne in the rere of a foray party. — 
Great war arose between Toirdelbach O'Conchobuir, king 



^ In custody. — See the fourth 
entry of the preceding year. 

(1338) ^Muircertach, etc. — Given 
in the Four Jfa«*«-s under 1341. 

" Mac-in-ghabann. — Son of the 



Smith J " generally anglicised Mao 
Gowan in the north of Ireland, but 
in Meath and Leinster it is often 
translated Smith" (O'D. iii, 571). 
[1342] i-ijsp.—'Ihe ferial (3) 



468 



awNala ulccoti. 



T)iaiamat;a, ^ai TTIuile-LuiTij. GmoriT) a Ouiac ■o'eip.^i le 
TDac T)ia|imaca 7 CCe-o, mac pei-obmce 7 "Donnca'D 
Obiyin. Octif in c-0 biian hifein vo cuyi [tl]i Concobuiji 
1 cempoll Oil-'piTiT) ap, ti-tjuI -do "do §aBail 51U cpeice -do 
pinne-DUia ITluinnceia-biiaii a\\ hoibejic a bupc 7 ni "D'a 
5allo7;lacaiB vo mafibaxi pa'n Conpcabla, idoti, pa TTlac 
■RuaiTip). puTiup mop 7 olc a-obal 7 casa-o coiT;cetin 
■o'eipsi cpiT) pin 1 ConnacT:aiB uibe 7 ClaTin-TnuipcepT;ai5 
■o'eipgi le Concobtup ap T;tip a n-agai-D ITlic T>iapmat;a 
7 impofi 'D01B apip le TTlac Uilbam 7 le TTlac "Oiapmaua. 
■peall Tio -DeTium a'fi Clainn-tlilliam bupc T;pe upail [tl]i 
CoTicobuip, Tiap'mapba'D TTomapa bupc 1 pell gpanna 
'n-a Ti-oipeccup pein, le Clainn-TTluipip 7 Seoimii a bupc 
■DO mapba-D ap in lauaip (no^ ap in aipz^i'^) cecna vo 
Clainn-Tlicaip-D. Caml, mac gilla-Cpipc, TTlac T)iap- 
maca -oo mapba-D ^'pepgal bUa 'Cai'Ds aip in caga-D 
cecna. pepjal, mac ^i^^cc'CpiV"^ P^"^ '^^c Copmaic, "oo 
mapba-D ap in caga-o cecna.— bpeipim bpo5[-D]a vo 
cabaipt;'D0 Concobup TTlac "Ompmaca 7 -o'a macail5 pig 
ap Concobuip pa bhel-aca-plipen, -Dap'linge-o in c-au 
CO Tjog-oa z;aippiB 7 -o'ap'mapba-D ann 'Diapmaic, mac 
bpiain [tl]i phepgail, in c-aen mac caipic na aepa -oob'- 
pepp "DO bi 'n-a aimpip -do Conmaicmb 7 mac Moibepz; a 
bupc, miTiac gan epba-o 7 Concobup, mac'Donnca-oa "duiB 
[tl]i e^ili-oe." — Seaan TTlag TTlacgamna, pai n-eini| 7 
A.D. 1339. d-ditl., t. h., (A) MS. 



proves that the true year is 
1342. 

'O'Birn.—Loid. of Tir-Briuin, 
the O'Beirnes' country, in oo. Ros- 
common. 

^To take — By force: "to dis- 
train for a prey that 0' Byrne tooke 
before from Hobert Burke," Ma- 
geoghegan, 1342. 



^Mac Ruaidhri. — Mac Eory 
" was leader of a Scottish band of 
gallowglasses from the western 
islands of Scotland, who were at 
this period in the pay of the king 
of Connaught " (O'D. iii. 573). 

^ Assembly. — Oirechtus in the ori- 
ginal : anglicised Iraghte. " Item, 
he shall not assemble the queen's 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 



469 



of Connacht and Concobur Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- 
Luirg. Edmond de Burgh and Aedh, son of FeidhKmidh 
[Ua Conchobair] and Donncbadh O'Birn^ rose out with 
Mac Diarmata. And that O'Birn forced TJa Conchobuir 
into tbe cburcb of Oil-finn, on his having gone to take^ a 
pledge for a foray committed by the Muinter-Birn on 
Hubert de Burgh and portion of his gallowglasses were 
killed under the Constable, namely, under Mac Euaidhri.* 
Grreat loss and evil excessive and general war arose through 
that in all Connacht. And the Clann-Muircertaigh rose 
out with O'Concobuir in the beginning against Mac 
Diarmata and they turned again with Mac William and 
with Mac Diarmata. Treachery was practised on the 
Clann-William de Burgh, through instigation of O'Con- 
chobuir, whereby Thomas de Burgh was killed in ugly 
treachery in their own assembly^ by the Clann-Maurice 
and Jenkin de Burgh was killed in the same place (or, in 
the [same] transaction) by the Clann-Ricaird. Cathal, 
eon of Gilla-Crist, Mac Diarmata, was killed by Fergal Ua 
Taidhg in the same war. Ferghal, son of Grilla-Crist Mac 
Cormaic the Fair, was killed in the same war. — A crushing 
defeat was inflicted by Conchobur Mac Diarmata and by 
his sons of kings on O'Concobuir near Bel-atha-slissen, 
whereby the Ford was crossed in a masterly manner*" past 
them and Diarmait, son of Brian Fa Ferghail, the best son 
of a chief of the [same] age that was in his time of the 
Conmaicni and the son of Hubert de Burgh, [an] honour- 
able [man] without defect and Concobur, son of Donn- 
chadh Ua hEilidhe the Black, were killed there. — John 
Mag Mathgamna,' eminent for generosity and prowess 



[1342] 



people upon tills, or use any 
Iraghiea, or paries, upon hills," 
Privy Connoil Book, 25 Eliz., 
quoted in Hardiman : Irish Mins- 
ii. 159 (O'D. iu. 574). 



^ In a masterly manner. — Liter- 
ally, choicely. 

''Mag Mathgamna. — Namely, 
Mae Mahon, king of Oriel. 



470 



aMMccLa ulccDli. 



n-esnuma, a° rtiap.ba'b ayi Tjepe'o cfieice^ co n-a gallosla- 
cai15 -DO lucr cige^ CCe'Sa, mic flooilB 7 vo Clainn- 
Ceallmg 1" copaToecc." Ocuf if commop, 'oo mapbaTP 7 
"DO baca'D ^ax:. — T)iapTnaic' puat), mac Copmaic 615 TTlic 
"Diapmaca, 7)'e5 1 n-aibic nnanaic lei^ i TTlaiTiifcip na 
Ouible, 5011 aen gtic a n-'oiai'D a anma pa einec, no pa 
cfiabaTi." — Concobup laua-D TDas eoca5a[i]n -do mapba'a 
7)0 ^altaiB. — Cop.mac,° mac Ruaixiyii, mic "DomnailL [Uji 
Concobuiia, x»o gabail le Concobup, mac 1^01x15 7 le 
■RuaiTip, mac Cacail [tl]i Concobuip 7 Concobup vo 
gabaille Ofiian, mac Ruai-ofii 7a cabaipc lUaim Con- 
cobuiia TTlic "Oiafimaca 7 a cup -do pen v'a coime-o 1 
Cappaig taca-Ce.° — T)oninaU h1JaT)ocapcai5, apDcaipec 
A7io CCp-Da-Tni-Daip 7noco°n-ef) amain, uaipip bee nac | paibi 
cigepnup Innpi-bGogain 7 cigepnup" "Cpica-ceT; Tlhipi- 
hGnna 7° po bo T;epc a n-Bpinn caipec '5 ap' lia "oame 7 
ba mo mapcpluag 7 ba pepp 501I 7 jaipce'o, einec 7 
ciTinucal inndp.° Ocup^ a duI "D'ej ap lap a cige pein' 7 
8eaan bUa^ "Oocapcaig X)0 gabail a inaixi.^ — 8il-TTluipe- 
■oai^," ecep xieoin 7 am-oeoin, vo Tulpiugu^ pig ConnacT:, 
i-Don, 'Coipp'oelbac, mac CCeiia, ma[i]c eogain [Uji Con- 
cobuip. Ocup ip laT; ip oipe^'oa vo eipig "do : Gmon'o 
TTlac tliUiam a bupc 7 Concobup TTlac "Diapmaca, pi 
TTluigi-Luips, CO n-a bpai^pi^ 7 co n-a oipecc. Ocup 
CCe-D, mac CCefia bpeipni'g, mic Carail puai'o 7 pocpaiDe 
na Opeipne 7 Conmaicni ap aen pu 7 CCeti, mac pei'fe- 
limce, pi Connacc. Ocup a infiapba['D] apcip amac 
Lepna cuibpennaiB pin. Ocup a^ 1 comuiple 7;ucpac a 
caipDG "DO : T)ul no C15 TTlic "DiapmaT^a 'pet" aix)ci. Ocup 

A.D. 1339. 1-1, B. 20, A. "•DO (verbal particle), B. " a eg i n-a 
C15 T?eiti — he died in his own house, B. e-b a n' inai'6 — in his stead, B. 



^ lEqual number, etc. — Literally, 
it is equally great they were slain 
and they were drowned. 

' Without — name. — Literally, 



without any voice [of reproachl 
after his name. 

^"Some — constraint. — Literally, 
between willingness and unwilling- 
ness. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 471 

was killed with his gallowglasses in the rare of a foray- [134?] 
party by the 'household force of Aedh, son of Ralph [Mag 
Mathgamna] and by the Clann-Ceallaigh, in the pursuit- 
And an equaP number were slain as were drowned. — Diar- 
mait the Red, son of Cormac Mac Diarmata junior, died in 
the habit of a Grey [Cistercian] monk in the Monastery of 
the Buill, without^ leaving reproach to his name respecting 
hospitality or respecting piety. — Conchobur Mag Eocha- 
ga[i]n the Red was killed by Foreigners. — Cormac, sen of 
Ruaidhri, son of Domnall Ua Conchobuir, was taken 
prisoner by Conchobur, son of Tadhg and by Ruaidhri, 
Son of Oathal Ua Conchobuir and Concobur was taken 
prisoner by Brian, son of Ruaidhri and given into the 
hand of Concobur Mac Diarmata and placed by him in 
keeping in the Rock of Loch-Ce. — Domnall Ua Dochar- 
taigh, aroh-chief of Ard-Midhair — and it is not this alone, 
for there was little wanting from his having the lordship of 
Tnis-Eogain and the lordship of the Cantred of Tir-hEnna 
and there was scarcely in Ireland a chief that had more 
people and a larger horse-host and better spirit and valour, 
hospitality and bestowal than he — and he died in the 
centre of his own house and John Ua Dochartaigh took 
his place. — The Sil-Mairedhaigh, some^" willingly and 
some by constraint, disowned the king of Connacht, 
namely, Toirdelbach, son of Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Con- 
cobuir. And these are the chiefest that rose against him : 
Edmond Mac William de Burgh and Concobur Mac Diar- 
mata, king of Magh-Luirg, with their kinsmen and with 
their sept. And Aedh, son of Aedh the Brefnian, son of 
Cathal [Ua Conchobair] the Red and the muster of the 
Breifni and the Conmaicni along with them and Aedh, son 
of Feidhlimidh [Ua Conchobair], king of Connacht. And 
he was expelled from the country by those allies. And 
this is the advice his friends [then] gave him : to go to the 
house of Mac Diarmata by night. And the Olann-Muir- 



472 



ttMNttla t(la"DTi. 



A 71d 



fuajxa'DUia CLatin-TTluificetxcais a pif fin 7 -do innleT)Ufi 
fen ayi fLigciB 7 ap, cafanaiB 7 aiabejanaxiaiB-beaxjailin 
lonjpuific. Ocuf cainic z;|ienipa fin 'fan aixici f e -DOfca, 
"Diaf no cfiuf maf cac. Ocuf "oo eifge'D no af zocvt]i in 
longpuifc 7 cainic uai^iB ap T;af ax> a lama laiTDif e 7 
•DO loic fe Cacal, mac CCexia bfeipnig. Ocuf ni f aiBe a 
fif fin 05 TTlac "Diafmaca no co cuala fe na comaiyic 7 
in mallaca'D '5a "oenum ayifucm longpuipt;- fin "doiB 
CO Id af namaf ac 7 af f agail a f ef a vo TO ac "Diayi maca, 
vo cuif 'oaine caififi cuigi v'a cuf 'fct Chaf fiaig 7 "oo bi 
f Of gla f eccmuine innci. Ocuf vo ceigDif ■oaine maici in 
cife fa fee gac lae CU151. Ocuf "oa n'-Defni^ai ayi TTlac 
n-"Oiafmaca,'DO gencai fi£ fif. Ocuf nac 'oefna'D, -do 
[cjinnlaic e co Caiflen Uofa-Comain 7 fOfogaiB annfin 
e. — Simon, mac Concobtiif, mic Simoin TTlic ^ille- 
CCffaic, caifec -do caifecaiB Luigne, mof.T:mif efc.° — 
CCef), mac OCe'oa bfeifnig, t)0 gabail figi Connacc T)ia- 
itiain," I'Don, in cex: Luan -do geimfej." — Concobuf htla^ 
"Domnaill, fi 'Cife-Conaill 7 foicec ■Din5bata''D'aif'Dfi5i 
n-©f enn jan amuf Uf e af cftic 7 af ceill 7° af cecpax), 
Of uaill 7" af emec 7 af oiffoefctif, af" menmnaigi 7 
Of mof. T;oifbefuai5i, a\i cfOTiacc 7 af cauifgaiL, af 
uaifli /af ailpne, af "oaenacc 7 af Tjeg cfabati," a 
mafbati la Niall blla^ n-'Oomnaill, la mac a acaf f ein, 
af T;abaifc amaif* longpuifr; faif. Ocuf° ^einnci 7 
rennala -do cuf ifin rec mof 7 'Domnaill | -o'eifp 
amac 7 a <:;oiT:im a n'-oofUf a z^^^ fein, Of m-bfeic 
biia'oa ■Doman 7 tieman. Ocuf if 7)illiticua an eijfi, 
J an elaxia ^an fef a himocaif, na a halcfuim T^apeif 
A.D. 1339. ^-stiiala, B. « amup (pi.), B. 



^''- And— fortress. — THs is a pro- 
lepBis ; it should follow morrow 
of the next sentence. 

^^ Fortress. — This, according to 



the entry in the Four Masters, was 
Murbhach (Murvagh), a place 
about three miles south- west of the 
town of Donegal (,0'D,iii. 417, 578). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 473 

certaigh got tidings thereof and ttey lay in wait on the [1342] 
roads and on the paths and on the gaps of danger of the 
fortress. And he came through those in the night, owing 
to the darkness, [with] two or three horsemen. And an 
attack was made on him on the causeway of the fortress 
and he came [safe] from them by virtue of his strong 
hand and he injured Cathal, son of Aedh the Brefnian. 
And" news thereof reached not Mac Diarmata, until he 
heard the frays and the execration a-doing throughout 
the fortress. Thus was it with them till the morrow. And 
on Mac Diarmata receiving tale thereof, he sent trusty 
persons to him to put him into the Eock. And he was 
the greater part of a week therein. And the noble persons 
of the country used to go secretly every day to him. And 
if it had been done for Mac Diarmata, peace would have 
been made with him. And, as it was not made, he [Mac 
Diarmata] escorted him to the castle of Eos-Comain and 
left him there. — Simon, son of Concobur, son of Simon 
Mac Gille-Arraith, a chief of the chiefs of Luighni, died. 
--Aedh, son of Aedh [TJa Conchobair] the Brefnian, took 
the kingship of Connacht on Monday, namely, the first 
Monday of Winter. — Conchobur Ua Domnaill, king of 
Tir-Conaill — and fitting vessel for the arch-kingship of 
Ireland [was] he without dispute, for shape and for sense 
and for intellect, for highmindedness and for generosity 
and for pre-eminence, for magnanimity and for great 
bestowal, for courage and for battle-vigour, for nobility 
and for gentleness, for humanity and good piety — was 
killed by Niall Ua Domnaill, [namelj ] by the son of his 
own father, after assaulting his fortress.^^ And [his death 
-happened thus :] fires and brands were put into the palace. 
And O'Domnaill came out and fell in the door of his own 
house, after gaining victory from world and from demon. 
And orphaned are wisdom and science without a man to 

The A. L. G. state it was ia Finnros (fair-wood), wliich has not been 

2h 



474 



ccNMccLa uLuroli- 



in ecca pn." — piann 65 'Oomnall[i]ii, ollani Connacr, 
111'' Chiiifco quieuic.'' — TDomnall CoiiTDbip, fenccciti 
TUa^amail 7° caibleoiyi 5lan[p]oclac na goi'^i^S'' "^^ 
Tnayiba-D la h[tl]iB-'Oiayimaca, gaiiiic" fie Caifc" — 
OiiusaiX) coiccenn, cialU conai§,° vo bi ap Loc-Biyine, ^an 
■Diulca-D "DO ^yiuag, no vo zipen, iT)on ITlcrca TTlac 
TTIasnufa, T)'e5 in bliatiain fin' (14°'* ]Caten'Daf 
Sepcimbpif"'^). — 'Comof" Tllac ^illi-Coifgli, ya\ n-egna, 
in Chfiifco quieuic. — 'Caxis TTlac "Donncaro, \i\ "Ciyie- 
hOilella, 'D'innaiaba[x)] le Concobuia TTlac n-"Oiaiamaca> 
v'a cigepna 7 Ti'a biaacaiyiT^em 7 pep^ab, mac 'Comalcais 
TTlic "Diaifimaca, -do gabail 'Citie-hOilella aia a eif." 

B 70b "jcab. Ian. 1111. p., 1. 11^, CCnno TDomini TTI." ccc.° xl.°''[-xl.° 
111."] Slaine, injen [tl]i 0|xiain, ben 'CoiyiyiTielbais [tl]i 
Concobuiii y 'oe]ibfW(i anaocaiipein pop, nnopuua epc. — 
"Depbail, ingen [U]i "Donnnaill, m aen bean pob' pepfi 
cainic "o'a cine'o pein piam, vo ceci;^ ap cuaipc cum 
Concobuip TTI1C "Oiapmai^a co h1nip-T)oi5pi 7 gabap a 
hega "o'a 5abaib7 a ha-onucal^ i^ mainipcip na builLe. 
— "Oubcablac," ingen Concobuip TTlic "Oiapmaca, ben 
[U]i bipn, pai mna gan impepain, mopcua epc.° — Tomap 
TTla^ 8ampafia[i]n, aen pa^u caipec Bpenn, mopcuup epr. 
— TTluipcepcac bpiain, pi 'Cua'D-TTluman,* v'e-g 7 
"Oiapmaii; btla^ bpiain vo pi^ax) 1^ n-a ina-o 7° a 
in'Dapba['D] pen le bpian m-bpiain 7 maici 'Cua^- 
TTluman 'do cpeiDium -oo." — Uilliug, mac Tlicaipt), mic 
Uilliam leic, macam ^all Gpenn ap°einec 7 ap egnum, 
moptuup epc. — Cacal" O TTla'DU5a[i]n "oo mapba-o le 

A.D. 1339. '■-I' tfuiemc iti [C%ip co], B. 'pi— tAis, B. 
A.D. 1340. ^cocc, A. Ha-DlucaT), B. ^a,B. ^'Cuag— , A. ^0, A. 
^om., A. I' .u.. A, B. Scribe mistook 11 for u. i' 1343, B. '-"om., B. 



identified. It roay be concluded 
that, like Murvagb, it was in Tir- 
Aedba (Tirhugh). 
[1343] }7j'^o.— The feiial (4) and 



amended epact (2) prove that the 
true year is 1343. 

^ Shine. — Mentioned in the 
fourth entry of [1339] supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 475 

support or to foster them, after that deed. — Flann O'Dom- [1342] 
nalla[i]a junior, oUam of Connacht, rested in Christ. — 
Domnall O'Cuindlis, excellent historian and pure-worded 
exponent [?] of the Graidhilic, was killed by the Ui-Diar- 
mata, shortly before Easter. — A general entertainer, of 
considerable substance, that was on Loch-Erne, without 
refusal to powerful or to weak, namely, Matthew Mac 
Maghnusa, died this year (on the 14th of the Kalends of 
September [Aug. 19]). — Thomas Mac Q-ille-Coisgli, an 
eminent sage, rested in Christ. — Tadhg Mac Donnchaidh, 
king of Tir-Oilella, was expelled by Concobur Mac Diar- 
mata, [namely] by his own lord and by his own kinsman 
and Fergal, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, took Tir- 
Oilella after him. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 2nd of the moon, a.d. [1343] 
1340^[-3]. Slaine,^ daughter of Ua Briain, wife of Toir- 
delbach Ua Concobuir and sister of his own mother like- 
wise, died. — Derbail,^ daughter of Ua Domnaill, the best 
woman that ever came of her own tribe, came on a visit 
to Conchobur Mac Diarmata to Inis-Doighri and the illness 
of her death seized her and she was buried in the Monas- 
tery of the Buill. — Dubchablach, daughter of Concobur 
Mac Diarmata, wife of Ua Birn, a choice woman without 
dispute, died. — Thomas Mag Sam radha[i]n,* unique choice 
of the chiefs of Ireland, died. — Muircertach O'Briain, king 
of Thomond, died and Diarmait Ua Briain was made king 
in his stead. And he was expelled by Brian O'Briain, 
who was acknowledged by the nobles of Thomond. — UUck, 
son of Richard, son of WilUam [de Burgh] the Grey, the 
best Foreign youth of Ireland for generosity and for valour, 
died. — CathaP 0'Madugha[i]n was killed by the Clann- 



^Derbail. — Eepudiated wife of 

O'Conor. See the reference in 
note 2. 

^Mag iSffwra!rfAa[i]». — Lord of 



Tellach-Eohach (bar. of Tullyhaw, 
00. Oayan). 

5 Cathal. — Chief of Sil-Anm- 
ohadha (O'Madden's country, com- 

2h2 



476 



ccMMaLa uLccDTi. 



Clamn-Ricaiii-o 7 1^0 bo -do maiciBl Gpenn do. — 'Donnca'D 
cleipecO mail-byienairiT), canonac cofiati 1 ri-Oil-fitin, 
a Tnapbax> T)'aen tiiacufi f 0151)1 le muinTici|ihoibeiiz;, mic 
TDaibic 'DUinn TVlic Uillmm. — Ca^al ITIac-in-iiaOTnaig, 
ab na 'CtiitioiDe, mojiruuf efc." — TTlaitim nfio|i le Cbainn- 
pheopaif 7 le CLainn-UicaiyiT) ap. [tl]ib-imaiiie, "ou inap'- 
matibaxi^ en mac jiig ve^ do Clainn-Cellais, pa Concobuip. 
cejaifibac hUa^ Ceallaig. — GCengUf hUa'' "Oomnaill do 
p-igaD leiip hUa^ n-TDocajinaig 7 le "Oomnall Dub^ hUa' 
Tn-baigiU 7 le nepc CCe-oa |ieamaiii [Uji Neill 7 Miall 
htJa^ Domnaill D'arpigaD leo. ^ccijiic af a aicle fin 
A 72a CO cucfac I im|iefairiD'aceile7D0 mapbaD le hCCengup 
7 le Clainn-muiiiceiauail CCiriDilef bai5ill,r;aif ec 'Cii^i- 
hCCiTifniiaec 7 a mac 7 eogan, mac CCiiac [tl]i "Oomnaill 
7 Daine imDa aili eT:u|i|xu, leu ajfi lev. — lohannef" 01- 
Laicim, efpuc Cille-alaD, in Chpifco quieuic — Seoan 
mac 60015, macam -pmbefpuc Gpenn, iDon, eppuc Con- 
maicne, qmeuic in [Cbiaifco]". — Concobuifi TTlac "Diaja- 
maT;a, |xi ITIU151-LU1115, 7 CCiyicig 7 "Citii-hOilella 7 T,^1(l^- 
'Cuauail7 na Tlenn 7 -pefo m-baile do Clainn-Carail 7 
in fep. pf nafi'gabaD gan tifi]aaim do buain do jac aen 
D'a cegmaD ^iif — oiyi" do DepboDUp ugDaija no Tiaimfifii 
■pi guyi'b'epin aen po^a uppis na beyienn, api cfiui 7 ap 
ceill, ap, blaD 7 a|i buanciDlucaxi, ap, emec 7 ap egnum, 
afi a| 7 ap pifiuaipli", co^ nap' b'lnimapbaga nee p,ip 
Do'n" pne ^cn'oelaig" 1" n-a aimpiifi -pein". Co° 'n-a Dep- 
baD pm^ aDubept; in^° pie an Duain D'a Dan pem : 

A.D. 1340. 'ati'm— , A. «ti-T3-, A. "gu, A. ^"an, A. dom., A. 
*-« CCmml— As, B. 



prising part of Gal way oo. and part 
of King's). 

* Cathal. — See the fourth entry 
of [1309], supra. The omission of 
his election to the bishopric of El- 
phin is noteworthy. 

' Gave battle. — At Achadh-mona 
[hog-fieldl, according to the Four 



Masters (Aghawoney, a townland 
in par. and bar . of Elmaorenan, eo. 
Donegal, O'D.