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Full text of "Catalogue of Greek coins in the Hunterian collection, University of Glasgow"

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Catalogue of Greek Coins in 
The Hunterian Colle6tion 



This Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the 

Hunterian Collection University of Glasgow 

has been presented to the University by 

James Stevenson of Hailie 



CATALOGUE OF GREEK COINS 



IN THE 



HUNTERIAN COLLECTION 



UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW 



VOLUME III. 
FURTHER ASIA, NORTHERN AFRICA, WESTERN EUROPE 



BY 



GEORGE MACDONALD, M.A., LL.D. 

HONORARY CURATOR OF THE HUNTERIAN COIN CABINET 




GLASGOW 

JAMES MACLEHOSE AND SONS 

^awbiishn-s to the anibersitg 

1905 



PREFACE 

In the Prefatory Note to Volume I. it was explained that this Catalogue owes 
its existence to a suggestion ma,de by Mr. James Stevenson, that suggestion being 
accompanied by a munificent offer to bear the whole expense of printing and 
publication. Unfortunately Mr. Stevenson was not destined to see the conclusion 
of the enterprise thus initiated. But the friendly welcome accorded to the first 
two volumes gave him real gratification, and it was characteristic of him that he 
took special pleasure in that portion of the scheme under which copies of the work 
were presented to nearly three hundred libraries at home and abroad. Those who 
knew him will, I trust, feel that the completed Catalogue provides an appropriate 
memorial of his genuine interest in learning, his enlightened public spirit, and his 
deep attachment to the city of his birth. 

The loss of Mr. Stevenson is not the only serious blow that the undertaking 
has encountered since the appearance of the second volume. In December, 1902, 
Professor Young's long tenure of office as Keeper of the Hunterian Museum was 
closed by death. One of his cherished wishes had been to secure from a wider 
circle a proper appreciation of the treasures under his care, and the zeal he showed 
in promoting Mr. Stevenson's project was but the natural outcome of the spirit in 
which he regarded his whole duty. Dr. Young's place as a Trustee was filled 
by Mr. Robert Gourlay, LL.D., who, along with Mr. James J. MacLehose, has earned 
the cordial thanks of all to whom the book in any way appeals. Mr. MacLehose 
Avas one of the original Trustees, and on him has devolved from the outset the 
chief responsibility for the business management of the Fund. In this as well 
as in other matters his help has been invaluable. 

It will be found that the present volume is considerably larger than either 
of its predecessors. At the same time, the ground which it traverses has been 
much less fully explored. In some series, such as the currencies of the Arsacidae 
and the Ptolemies and the native coinages of Spain and Gaul, the new material 
available was too scanty to admit of any attempt at an independent contribution 
towards the settlement of far-reaching difficulties of classification. In other cases, 

b 



ii PREFACE 

however, I have ventured to depart more or less widely from the traditional 
arrangement, in the hope that the innovations introduced may be generally 
accepted as improvements. In dealing with the money of the Seleucid Kings, for 
instance, (and, indeed, wherever suitable opportunity offered) I have endeavoured to 
gather the bronze coins into homogeneous groups by combining the evidence 
of Aveights, monograms, and types. The Alexandrian issues, again, are catalogued 
upon a principle which is not, perhaps, strictly scientific, but which may be left 
to justify itself by the fresh light it throws on the history of a mint of first- 
rate importance. 

In preparing the volume for the press, I have incidentally been led to enter 
on the consideration of some interesting questions. Certain of these — the chronology 
of the money of Tigranes I., the portrait of Antiochus Tlieos, the coinage 
of Hierax, the issues of Antioch under the early empire, the era of Rhosus, 
and the significance of the numeral letters on imperial pieces of Syria — have 
already been discussed elsewhere. Others are now touched on more briefly in 
the footnotes. Among the latter it may be convenient to indicate specifically 
the dates on the coins of Apamea, the supposed use of the Actian Era at Tripolis, 
the legends that occur at Gaza, the well-known crux connected with the money 
of Agrippa II., and the employment of a ' die-test ' as an aid in classifying the coins 
of Gyrene and of Carthage. I am exceedingly sorry that the exigencies of space 
have compelled me to reduce to the narrowest possible limits the Appendix showing 
the corresjDondence with Combe's Bescrlptio, and also to refrain from supplementing 
the Introduction to Volume I. by the reproduction of additional letters and papers 
dealing with Hunter's unlucky purchase of the Peralta Collection. 

Acknowledgment has once again to be made of many obligations. The references 
in the footnotes will show the published works that have proved most useful. But 
it ouirht to be recorded that M. Th. Reinach allowed me to consult the new edition 
of his Jewish Coins while it was still in manuscript, and that Dr. J. N. Svoronos 
generously put the proof-sheets of his Ptolemaic Corpus at my disposal. On several 
special points I had the advantage of Dr. Imhoof-Blumer's most valuable advice. 
At The Hague, at the Fitzwilliam Museum, and also (on three several occasions) at the 
Bodleian Library, every facility was granted me for making a personal examination 
of particular series, while casts came from the public museums at Berlin, Paris, 
Vienna, Athens, St. Petersburg, Copenhagen, Gotha, Turin, and elsewhere, as well as 
from the private cabinets of several collectors at home and abroad. After all, how- 
ever, it is to the British Museum that my chief debt is due. With unwearied 
patience Mr. Head and his colleagues allowed me to scrutinize the contents of the 



PREFACE iii 

trays for nearly every district included in Volume III. Casts for close comparison 
were ungrudgingly supplied, and neither counsel nor suggestion was ever asked in 
vain. Even the laborious task of reading the proofs was willingly performed by 
Mr. Wroth and Mr. Hill. In spite of their vigilance, and of my own efforts, many 
blemishes must remain. Still, the work is finished and, with all its imperfections, it 
represents twelve years of strenuous leisure. If these years have brought difficulties 
to be surmounted, they have also brought kindness in abundant measure. My deepest 
regret is that some of those to whom I owe most have already passed where no Avord 
of thanks from me can reach them. Of Mr. Stevenson and Dr. Young I have 
spoken in the Prefaces to earlier volumes. And they are not alone. In particular, 
I shall always preserve a grateful recollection of the stimulating encouragement 
constantly received from the late Professor Robert Adamson. 

GEORGE MACDONALD. 
August, 1905. 



b 2 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Preface ..,.,.,.. i 

Corrections . . . . iv 

Signs and Abbreviations ........ viii 

Further Asia ........ 1- 

Kings of Armenia ....... 1 

Kings of Syria ....... 5 

Commagene ........ 119 

Cyrrhestica . . . . • 132 

Chalcidice . . . ." . .140 

Seleucis and Pieria . . . . 141 

Coele-Syria . . . . 218 

Trachonitis ........ 222 

Uncertain of Syria ....... 223 

Phoenicia . . . . . . 225 

Gralilaea ........ 275 

Samaria ........ 275 

Jndaea .......■■ 280 

Kings of Nabathaea ...... 297 

Arabia Petraea . . . . . .299 

Mesopotamia . . . . . ■ 301 

Kings of Parthia . . . • ■ .321 

Characene .....-■■ 353 

Persia ......■•• 354 

India .....■• 355 

Northern Africa .....■■• 356 

Kings of Egypt . • ■ • 356 

Alexandria ...•■•■• ^^''^ 

Nomes of Egypt . ,..••• 562 

Cyrenaica . •■ ■ 567 

Libya ...■••■ ^79 

Syrtica ....... 579 

Byzacene ..■••■• ^83 



CONTENTS 



Zeugitana 

Islands between Africa and Sicily 

Nnmidia 

Mauretania . 



Sjjain 

Ganl 

Britain 



PAGE 

584 
603 
608 
613 



Western Europe ....•■■■ "19 

619 
676 
714 

Supplement ....••■•• '■^-'- 

Uncertain Coins ..■•■■ '^'^-'■ 

Addenda ,....■• 741 

Corrigenda to Vols. I. and II. . . • • • '^7 

Indexes .....••■■• '^" 

I. Geographical ....■•■ '51 

II. Kings, Qaeens and Dynasts ...... 754 

III. Roman Emperors and Imperial Personages .... 755 

IV. Types ........ 758 

V. Symbols ....... 774 

VI. Countermarks . . . . . .777 

VII. Magistrates' Names on Autonomous Coins .... 778 

VIII. Magistrates' Names on Imperial Coins . . . .779 

IX. Roman Magistrates' Names ..... 780 

(a) Latin ....... 780 

(/3) Greek ...... 781 

X. Eras ........ 782 

XI. Remarkable Inscriptions, Titles of Cities, Magistrates, etc. . 783 

(a) Greek ....... 783 

(/3) Latin ...... 786 

(y) Phoenician and Neo-Punic ..... 788 

(8) Hebrew ...... 789 

(e) Iberian ....... 790 

{0 Other Scripts ...... 791 

Appendix, showing Differences from Combe's Descriptio .... 793 

Table of the Relative Weights of English Grains and French Grammes . 798 

Table for converting English Inches into Millimetres and into the Measures of Mionnet's Scale 799 



CATALOGUE 



SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS 



In printing the inscriptions the following conventions have been observed : — 

(1) Square brackets indicate that the place of the letters they enclose is oiF the coin. 

E.g. AGHNAICriN] 

(2) Short strokes on the level of the line indicate an uncertain number of illegible 

letters. E.g. Fl E 

(3) Dots on the level of the line indicate a dejinlte number of illegible letters, each 

letter being represented by one dot. E.g. TAPAN . . . . N 

(4) A dot placed beneath a letter indicates that, while the letter is certain, it is 

impossible to decide between two or more forms of it. E.g. AAEiANAPOZ 



In references for illustrations 'B.M.G.' means in each case the appropriate volume of the 
British Museum Series of Coin Catalogues. 



CORRECTIONS 

Page 49, No. 55, Page 96, No. 54, and Page 236, No. 1, for A<JV>^ real A'^if' 

Page .58, No. 33, and Page 250, No. 12, for }^'\i^ read ^')>^ 

Page 270, No. 58, for 0aiTv\oi read fiairvKot. 

Page 275, No. 1 (Tiberias), for RE read EP 

Page 866, footnote f, for ' Ptelemy ' read 'Ptolemy.' 

Page 423, No. 171, and Page 429, No. 218, omit ' of Osiris.' 

Page 585, No. 8, for ' petnncnlus ' read ' pectunculus.' 

Page 643, No. 7, for AWETTIACVS read LVETTIACVS 

Page 689, headline, for South-Westebn read Westkrn. 

Page 692, No. 5, for 'pentagon' read 'pentagram.' 



FUETHEE ASIA 



N(.. 



Weight 



Metal 

SlZK 



241-8 



M 11 



Obverse 



Reveese 



AEMENIA 

KINGS OF ARMENIA 

TIGRANES 1. 

Circa 97—56 B.C. 

The early Itistory of the Armenian monarchy is obscure. It touched the limit of its 
greatness under Tigranes I., who in 83 B.C. succeeded in making himself master 
of Syria. He joined his father -in law Milhradates in Ms struggle against Rome, 
and became involved in his ruin. His coinage, which is often included in the 
Seleucid series, appears to have begun after he made Antioch his capital. It falls 
naturally into three periods.* 

Circa 83—78 B.C. 

No dates have been observed on the coins of this period. The liev. type of Nos. 1 S. 

represents a famous sadptured group by Eulychides of Sicyon, levown to us by 

many other copies, notably a marble statue in the Vatican.-f 

SiLVEB 

Euboic-Attic Standard 
Tetra drachms 



Head of Tigranes r., wearing a lofty 
Armenian tiara decorated with an eight- 
rayed star placed between two eagles, 
which face outwards, but have their 
heads turned back; bead and reel 
border. 



BAZIAEfl Z (to r., downwards) 
TirPANOY (to 1., downwards) 
The Tj'che of Antioch, draped and wear- 
ing turreted crown, with veil, seated r. 
on rock, holding palm-branch in her r. ; 
at her feet, the river-god Orontes, swim- 
ming r. ; the whole within wreath. 

on rock, }^ ; in field r., pellet. 



[Plate lxiii. 1.] 

* See Num. Chron., 1902, pp. 193 S. 

t A. S. Murray, Hist, of Greek Sculpture, ii. 354. For list of references, see Frazer, 
Pausanias, Yol. iv., 'pp. 6 f., and Wroth, B.M.O. Galatia, p. Ixi. 



ARMENIA 



No. 



Weight 



238-5 
232-2 



65-5 



45-0 



7 ():!-2 



ir,: 



Metal 
Size 



.R 1-05 
.R 1-16 



248-3 .R 115 



/E 



M -G 



-R -8 



.E -96 



Obverse 



Reverse 



on rock, M ; in field r., J^ 

on rock, ± ([BA]ZIAEn[Z]) 
(Xo. 3 is pierced.) 

I in field r., T (TITPANOY) 

Beonzb 
Tico ilenoini nations of the contemporary hronze issues are represented here. 



Similar type; dtcoration of tiara more 
obscure ; border of dots. 



B AZ I A ED.T. (to r. , downwards) 
TirPANoY (to 1., down-ivards) 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreatli and 

palm. 



Similar ; bnt behind head, A 



beneath, }£>)(?) AP(?) 
[Plate lxiii. 2.] 
1 
Similar ; border of dots. 

nothing visible beneath. 
[i3.il/. C, Pl. xxvii. 9.] 

('ircn 77 — 73 B.C. 

Bnring this period the Idwj uses the title fSaai\(h<; /SaaiX^wv, while the silcer pieces 

are dated according to an era Iwijinnhuj in 111 B.C., the year of the return 

if Aiitiochus nil. (Gri/pus) from Aspendus* The letter in the 

feld r. o/Ao. 7 pnibably indicates the month of issue. 

SiLVEK 

Euboic-Attic Standard 
Drachm 

Draped bust of Tigranes r., wearing tiara , BAZIAE HZ (to r., downwards) 
decorated as on Nu.s. 1 fE. ; bead and ' BAZIAEHN 
reel border. TITPANOY (*^o !•' (^own-n'ards) 

The Tyche of Antioch seated r., as on 
Nos. 1 fE., with the river-god Orontes at 
her feet ; in field above, g" A [= 75 B.C.] ; 
in field r., H [ = 8] ; in ex., ZC ; no 
border visible. 

[Plate lxiii. 3.] 

Bronze 

Here again there is a higher and a lower denomination, the types heing 
in each case the same. 



Similar to No. 7 ; border of dots. 



Similar to No. 7 ; no letters : no border. 



[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. xxvii. 10.] 
* Sec Num. Chron., 1902, pp. 197 f. 



TIGEANES I.— UNCERTAIN KING 




Weight 




Obverse 




.E -S 



10 



n 



12 



13 



99 



94 



93 



62-5 



66-5 



M -85 



M -85 



M -9 



M -8 



JE -7 



Similar. 



("'/', 



! Similar. 

! BASIAEI2Z off coin. 

71—69 B.C. 



The rare silrer (etradrachns of this period hear dates of ihe Selencld Era. The 

'worhmanship of silver and bronze coins alilce is marlcedli/ degraded. It seems 

improhaUe that Aniioch was the place of issue. Two denominations of bronze 

are again represented here. 



Bbonze 



Head of Tigranes r., wearing Ai'menian 
tiai'a, decorated "witli star behind and 
simple volute in front ; drapery about 
neck ; boi'der of dots. 



BASIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 
Tir PANOY (to 1., downwards) 

Figure of Tyche seated 1. on rock, wear- 
ing turreted crown and slight drapery; 
she stretches out her r. hand, and holds 
cornucopiae in 1. ; beneath her feet, 
river-god swimming to front ; border 
of dots. 



Sir 



(Part of No. 11 has been cut off.) 

I 

[Plate lxiii. 4.] 

Similar. 
(No. 13 is restruck.) 

UNCERTAIN KING 
Circa 30 B.C., or later. 



He 



Tigranes appears to hare issued no money after his defeat ly Lucnlhis.^ lie loas 

succeeded bi/ his son Artavasdes J., one or two of whose coins hare survived. The 

history of the dynasty after his death is obscure and confused. The style and the 

Eev. type of the folloioing piece suggest that it shotdd be assigned to this period. 



Bronze 



Draped bust of king r., wearing lofty 
Armenian tiara decorated with crescent ; 
behind, y^ ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEnCZ] (above) 

M I PA A O [Y] (sic, to r., downwards) 

J.NNAAOY (beneath) 
Galloping biga, r. ; beneath horses' fore- 
legs, M CO 



[Plate lxiii. 5.] 



B 2 



ARMENIA 



No. Weight 



107-3 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -9 



TIGRANES III. AND ERATO 



Cirr.a 12 — 6 B.C. and 3—1 B.C. 

Our of the few facts lenoion about this king or Ms rei</n is that, after lie had 
h'niisetf been slain in battle, his sister Erato held the reins 
of ijoreniineitt for some time alone. 



BACIA€YC M€rAC N€oC TITPA 

NHC Draped bust of Tigranes III. r., 
weai'ins- Armenian tiara. 



inscr. reads downwards from r. 



ePATW BACIA€COCTirPANoY 
AA€A<t>H Drajjed bust of Erato 1. 



inscr. reads downwards from 1. 



[Plate l.xiii. G.] 



SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



SYRIA 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



SELEUCUS I. (NICATOR) 



Circa 312—280 B.C. 



268-7 



.R 105 



61-9 .R -7 

i 

64- i Al -05 



Selciiciis, ivho liud been appointed satrap of Babylon by the regent Antipater in 
321 B.C., loas driven ont by Antigonus five years later. With the aid of Ptolemy 
he regained his authority by the victory of Gaza in 312 B.C., at which date the 
' Selciicid Era' loas aficrwardu rechoned as beginning. As satrap he had struck 
money in the names of Alexander and of Philip III. In 305 B.C. he assumed the 
title /Sao-iAcu's, and hcijim to place his oimi jiame on his coins. The battle of Ipsus 
gave him control of Syria (301 B.C.), and subsequent campaigns added considerably 
to the extent of his dominions. While he introduced types of his own in all metals 
{e.g. Nos. 1 S. and Nos. 29 H.), he continued to employ contemporaneously the types 
of Alexander the Great.* His earlier money was issued at Babylon, but before the 
close of his reign there must have been various mints in operation. 

Silver 

Eiiboic-Attic Standard 

Tetradracliin 



Head of Zeus r., vveariiig wreath of laurel; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (to 1., upwards) 

ZEAEYKOY (in ex.) 

Athena, lielmeted, with shield on 1. ami 
and thunderbolt in raised r. band, stand- 
ing in chariot drawn r. by four homed 
elephants, the nearest of which wears a 
bell round his neck ; in field above, to 
r. anchor, and to 1. /% aad O ; border 
of dots. 



[Plate lxiii. 7.] 



Drachms 



Similar. 



Same inscr. Similar type, without bell 
on elephant's neck ; in field r., above, 
anchor ; border of dots. 

beneath shield, IaP and 

beneath r. arm, A ; beneath shield, O 



* Sou Imhoof-Blnmor, Die Miiiustdtte Bahylon ziw Zeit der Makedonischen Satrapen, in Nmn. 
Zeitschr., xxvii., pp. 1 ff. 



KINGS OF STRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



10 



263-6 
2.577 
2631 

240-3 



260-6 



30 6 



264-3 



/R 1-1 
^R 1 
.R 1-1 

M 1-1 



M 1-2 



/R -65 



M 1-2 



Tetradraclims 



Head of young Herakles r., -R'eariiig lion's 
skin ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEX2Z (in ex.) 

Z E A EY KO Y (to r. , down-wards) 

Zeus, naked to -waist, seated I. on throne 
■with back, his feet resting on a footstool, 
and his r. leg drawn back behind his 1.; 
be holds in extended r. eagle r., and 
leans with 1. on sceptre ; in field 1., [Stp ; 
border of dots. 



beneath throne, K 

beneath throne, K; (monogram in -wreath. 

beneath throne, ^ 
[Plate lxiii. 8.] 

beneath throne, ^ 
(Xo. 7 is double-struck, and has been pierced.) 



Similar. 



Similar ; but in field 1-, /$^ , above -which, 
dolphin 1. 

beneath throne, AB 



H emidrachm 



Similar ; execution rude, but not bar- 
barous. 



ZEAEYKOY (to r. doivnwards) Zeus 
seated 1. on throne, as above, holding 
eagle ; his r. leg visible in fi-ont of his 
1. ; execution rude, but not barbai-ons ; 
in field 1., Z ; border of dots. 



(Xo. 9 is pierced.) 
[Pl,ATE LXIII. 12.] 



T e tradracliins 



Head of young Herakles r., wearing lion's 
skin ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (in ex.) 
ZEAEYKOY (to r., downwards) 

Zeus seated 1., as on Nos. 4 ff. ; but, in 

place of eagle, -wreath-bearing Nike r. ; 

in field 1., vai-ying monogram ; border 

of dots. 



[Plate lxiii. 9.] 



SELEUCUS I. 



No. 



Weight 



11 



13 



14 



15 



16 



264-3 



263-1 



259-8 



256-3 



263-2 



17 

18 



106-5 
129 



Metal 
Size 



.R 1-1 



M 1-1 



.R 1-1 



.R 1-1 



261-9 : .R 1-1 



.R 1-15 



M -75 



7E -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



it 



'^ ; beneath throne, "P 

[Plate lxik. 10.] 

P on shield ; beneath throne, AZ 

£ ; beneath throne, ^ 
[Platk Lxni. 11.] 



Beonze 

j4.s one might expect fro)ii the length of Ids reign and the number of possihie mints, 
the bronze coinage of Scleitcus exhibits great variety of types. The material here 
available is not sufficient to justify any attempt at a scientific classification. Under 
the earlier Seleucid Icings it is not uncommon to find series consisting of three 
denominations, each of the tioo higher being, roughly, double the weight of the (ue 
belo'W, and idl having the same types.'^ With a few exceptions, the whole of the 
following belong to one denomination. 



Bust of Athena r 
thian helmet 
visible. 



, , wearing crested Corin- 
and aegis ; no border 



BAZIAEHS (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKOY (to 1., downvrai-ds) 

Nike standing ]., holding in 1. a palm, 
and in r. a wreath, which she is placing 
on the king's name ; beneath r. arm, A 

(nothing visible beneath r. arm.) 



* No doubt, as is sho-wn by the monograms on later pieces, the x"'^"-"'"*. SixaXitov, and Terpa- 
Xa\Koi' : see Imhoof-Blumer, Monn. grecq., p. 429. But, where series are incomplete, and there 
are no marks of value, it is impossible to distinguish the diifereut denominations with certainty. 
In such cases (and they constitute the great majority) no attempt has been made in this Cata- 
logue to distinguish the bronze coins by the names of the denominations they may have belonged 
to" The variation among those with marks of value proves clearly that weight is a very un- 
reliable guide. 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



22 



23 

24 
25 



26 
27 

28 



29 



19 


158-5* : 


JE 


■8 


20 


118 


M 


■7 


21 


98 


M 


•75 



105 \ M -75 



114 

140 

132 



112 
122-5 
90 



13;: 



M -8 

M -8 

M -8 



^ -8 
^ -75 
M -76 



^ -8 



Similar ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar ; but beneath r. arm, ^ 



[BA] ZIA[EnZ] (to r,, downwards) 
ZE AEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; but r. arm, with wreath, 
passes between E and A . 

beneath r. arm, e7\ and A . 
[Plate lxiii. 13.] 



Head of Athena r., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 

Nike standing 1., as on Nos. 17 ff., 
placing a wreath on the king's name ;' 
before her, inverted anchor. 



{B.M.C., Pl. II. 3.] 
(No. 23 is restruck.) 

to r., inside inscr., !i 



Bust of Athena r., draped, and wearing 
crested Corinthian helmet; border of 
dots. 



to r., outside inscr., lA 



BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 

Kike standing 1., placing wreath on 
the king's name ; her 1. hand rests on 
round shield, on which is an inverted 
anchor. 



to ]., inside inscr.. A, and outside inscr., O 
to 1., inside inscr., fi^ 

to L, inside inscr., -f^ (?) 
[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. ii. 4,] 



Head of Athena r., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet ; border of dots. 



Elephant standing r., with uplifted trunk- 
above, ^ ; beneath, B 



[Plate lxiii. 14.] 



* The exceptional -weight and module of Nn IQ -mnVo ■(■ -i,, i, 

denomination than the two following ^""^^ '' V'^^^^hU that it represents a higher 



SELEOCUS I. 



No. 



30 



31 



33 



34 

35 
36 



Weight 



129 



91 



140 



102-5 



Metal 
Size 



132 M -8 



95-5 
91 

VOL. III. 



.E -8 



.E 



M -9 



JE -sr, ! 



M -8 
M -8 



Obverse 



liEVEESE 



Elephant standing r., with lowered trunk; 
bui'der of dots. 



BASIAEfl[Z] (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKoY (to 1., downwards) 
Head of bridled horse 1. ; beneath, 
anchor 1. 



[PiATn LXin. 15.] 



Apollo, naked to waist, holdhig arrow 
extended r., and leaning with 1. 
rock on which he is seated 1. 



BAZIA Ens (above) 
ZEAEYKOY (beneath) 

Head of horned elephant r., with trunk 

uplifted. 



[Plate lxiii. 16.] 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; border of dots. 



[Plate 



Similar. 



BA ZlAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Athena Alkis standing r. in usual atti- 
tude, with shield on 1. arm, and 
thunderbolt in raised r. hand ; border 
of dots. 

:ill. 17.] 



BAZIAEilZ (to r., downwards) 
[Z] EAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; in front of Athena, in- 
verted anchor ; border of dots, 



■ (no chlamys visible.) 

(Nos. 32 and 33 are distinguished frnm the otlier bronze pieces here catalogued by their 
fabric. On the Obv. the edge is rounded off in very marked fashiou.) 



Similar. 



B AZIAEn[Z] (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKoY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; border of dots. 



in front of Athena, O 
[BJI.C., PL. II. 13.] 

behind Athena, P 

behind Athena, P ; in front, ? 



10 



KINGS OF SYEIA 



No. 



38 



39 
40 

41 



42 



43 



44 



Wejghi' 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



5G 



92-5 



98 
9i-5 

100-5 



41-5 



37-5 



40-5 



M 



JE 



JE -8 
/E -75 

M -85 



M -65 



Ai 



/E -65 



Similaj?. 



Similtir. 



. BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 

Nike standing- 1., placing a wreath on 
the king's name with r., and holding 
palm in 1. ; border obscare. 



beneath r. arm, A I 



BAZIAEHS (above) 

SEAEYKoY (in ex.) 

Humped bull, butting r. ; above king's 
title, and pentagram ; border obscure. 



[Cf. V.M.C., Pl. II. 15.] 



Head of Medusa r., wing-ed, with serpents 
in her hair : border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 
ZEAEYKOY (in ex.) 

Humped bull, butting r. ; border of dots. 



beneath king's name, 
[BJI.G., Pl. II. 14.] 



beneath king's name, E ; oblong counter- 
mark, containing caduceus 1. 



2he follcwiiKj ohviously rejnrtrut a lower dnwm'maili.^, ilie higher being probuUy 

rcj^ire.ieutcd bij Nus. 3'.) if. 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar. 

no letter visible. 



Similar ; but above king's title, G and 
star of eight rays. 

between bull's hind legs, j^ 
[Plate lxui. 18.] 

Similar ; but bull to 1. 

in ex., niaeander pattern. 
[Plate lxiii. 19.] 



mlr^: Tlt\iL^r^iocV. "th""'" *''"* " u""^ ''^''''''''^ ^ ^°^'' denomination than the 



Similar. 



SELEUCUS I.— ANTIOCHUS I. 



11 



^o. , Weight I 



Metal 
Size 



251-2 -R 1-1 



2 131-9 



259-3 



A' -75 



^1-3 



Obverse 



Revhrse 



ANTIOCHUS 1. (SOTER) 

Circt 293—261 B.C. 

Tuelre years heforc his death Seleiicus I. associated his son Antiochus irith him 

III the ijoi'cnimf.it, and accorded him the title of ^ King' mahing Mm regent of 

I ppcr Asiii. A fen- iiiniiisiiiiitic memorials of the joint reign have surtired, and, 

of these Nu. 1 is among the most reniarkahle. 

SiLVEK 

Euboic-Attic Standard 
Tetradrachm* 



Head of Seleucus I. r., diademed, and 
horned like a bull ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (to I., downwards) 
A NT I OX OY (beneath) 

Head of horse r., horned like a bull ; 

in field r., above, >j6, and beneath, ^\ ; 

iorder of dots. 



[Plate lxiii. 20.] 



A few coins with the ti/pes of Alexander the Great hear the name of Antiochus I. 

But the number of these is relaticelij small. If their issue continued after he Lecame 

sole rider, it must have soon come to an end. 

Gold 



Stater 



Head of Athena r., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet. 



[BIAZIAEXIZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Nike, standing- ]., holding wreath and 
trophy-stand ; at her feet, to 1., NK 
(reading horizontally), and, to r., (J 
(reading up^Yards). 



[Plate lxiii. 21.] 

Slf.-VER 

Euboic-Attic Standard 
Te tra drachm 



Head of young Herakles r., wearing lion's 
skin ; border of dots. 



ANTIOXOY (to r., downwards) 

BAZIAEIIZ (beneath) 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding on extended r. 
wreath-bearing Nike r., and leaning 
with 1. on sceptre ; in field 1., traces 
of monogram ; boi-der of dots. 



(No. 3, which has a very concave Rev., is double-struck 



) 



* The corresponding drachm was published by Imhoof-Bluraer, Monn. grecq., p. 424. 

C 2 



12 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 

SlZK 



Obversj! 



Reveksk 



61-6 .R -7.1) 



Drachm 



Similar. 



Similar, "vvith ex. line ; instead of Nike, 
Zens holds eagle r. ; in field r., GE, and 
forepart of lion 1. ; beneuth throne, Al 



104 



63-5 



89-5 



39-, 



(No. 4 is pierced.) 

[Plate lxui. 22,] 



BliONZE 



JE -7.5 



The foUoimng hronxe pieces full into two groups, each containing 
two denominations. 



Head of Athena r., wearing necklace and BAZIAEflZ (to r. , downwards) 
crested Coriuthiun helmet; border of | ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
dots. Trophy, fixed on basis, and consisting 

of cuirass, helmet, spear, and round 



M -7 



M -7 



Similar. 



Similar type ; same border. 



shield; in field r., (ffi); border doubtful, 
monogram obscure. 



Similar ; lines of inscr. curved. 



ANTIOXOY 
BAZIAEHZ 

Similar type ; 
and, outside 
plain border. 



(to 1., upwards) 

(to r.. upwards) 

in field r., inside title, f^ , 

title, EAE (upwards) ; 



M -6 



ANTIOX (to ]., upwards) 
BAZIAE (to r., upward.s) 

Similar type ; in field r., 

border. 



M ; plain 



ANTIOCHUS I. 



13 



No. Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Revekse 



9 1307 



A^ -75 



JO 



11 



257-3 



M 11 



258-7 M 1-15 



12 



13 



260-8 



2G2--1 



M 1-15 



M 1-15 



It is doubtful loheiher Antioclms placed Ms own portrait on Ms coins until after 
the death of Ms father in 281 B.C. rossihly one or two of the following may be 
earlier, hut on the great majority the portrait is that of a middle- 
aged or elderly man. 

Gold 

Stater 

Gold staters with the types of No. 9 appear to come almost exclusively from 

Afghanistan and N. India. The currency eoidently circulated in the extreme east 

of the Selcucid Empiire, and was probably inttitcd there.* 



Head of Antiochus I. r., diademed. 



BASIAEHS (to r., downwards) 
[A] NTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, his liiiir in long ringlets, with 
clilamys over r. thigh and beneath him, 
se.ited 1. on omphalos covered with net, 
looking along an arrow which he holds 
point downwards in r. ; his 1. is placed 
on the top of his bow, which stands on 
the ground behind him ; beneath his r. 
hand, A 



[Pla-i'E lxdi. 23.] 

Silver 
Euboic-Attic Standard 
TetradracTims f 
Similar type; the ends of the diadem Similar; beneath Apollo's r. hand, 



hang stiffly, one being straight, the 
other turned upwards ; border of dols. 



Similar; the ends of the diadem, instead 
of hanging down, are turned back and 
laid along its side. 



BAZlAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; in field 1., outside inscr., JZ^ 



(N'o. 11 is pierced.) 

[Plate lxiii. 24.] 



Similar type ; the ends of the diadem 
hang loosely, one falling downwards, 
the other turned upwards ; no border. 



Similar; in field r., outside inscr., hP 
border of dots. 



in field 1., outside inscr., fS] 
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. III. 3.J 

(AN TIOXOY); beneath omphalos, /^ 



* See Journal of Hellenic Studies, vol. xxui,, pp. 108 f. , n i, 

+ In thfe arraneement of the tetradraohms, the younger heads, as a rale, come before the 

elderly ones. This principle has, however, been regarded as secondary. The grouping has beer. 

determined mainly by aimilarity of stylo, and by monograms. 



14: 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



14 



16 

17 

18 



19 



20 
21 

22 
23 
24 
25 



26 



2667 



262-9 

263 

263-3 
2f33-l 



261-8 



258-6 
260-4 
258-6 
263-2 
262-9 
262-1 



M 1-1 



.R 11 

/R 1-2 

M 1-1 
M 11 



Al 1-25 



M 1-15 

JR. 1-2 

M 1-2 

^ 1-2 

/R 1-2 

M 1-15 



Similar ; ends of diadem not shown. 



Similar; in field, o-utside inscr., to 1., 
/% . and to r., A ; beneath omphalos, 



(No. 14 has a very concave Rev.) 



Similar ; both ends of diadem liaiig stiffly 
dovi'n ; border of dots. 



Similar ; with monograms to 1. and r. 
outside inscr., but none beneath ; border 
of dots. 



/^ and 

[Jl.M.C, Pl. III. 4.] 



Similar ; no border. 



Similar ; no border. 
/^ and i^ 



[Plate lxiii. 25.] 

? and ^ 

ffl and ^ 

(Nos. 16 — 18 are of similar fabric ; all have the eJge rounded off on the Obv.) 

Similar type ; ends of diadem treated Similar ; border of dots, 
freely ; border of dots. 

: #( and -i^ 
[Plate lxiv. 1.] 



Similar. 



(no border visible.) 



264-4 .'R 1-15 



Similar ; harder and cruder style. 



Similar. 
f^ and I^ 

f^ and i^ (ANTI OXOY) 
,, and i?i 
^^ and ,, 
A and ,, 
I^ and [S] 



BAZIAEXIZ (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXOY (to 1., downwai'ds) 

Similar type ; harder and cruder style ; 

to 1., outside inscr., m (?) ; border of 

dots. ^^ 



[Plate lxiv. 2.1 



ANTIOCHUS I. 



15 



No. 



Weight 



Metai. 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



2G2-S 



..R 11 



Similar type ; ends of diadem liaiig loosely, 
one falling downwards, and the other 
being turned upwards ; style good ; no 
border. 



! 28 ! 252-7 : Al 1-2 



29 143 ; /E -8 



30 



89-5 



M 75 



31 



97 



yE -75 



[B] AZI AEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downward.s) 
Similar type, of better style ; Apollo 
wears boots; in ex., n and Al 



[Pr.ATE LXIV. 3.] 



Towards tie end of his reign Antioclms I. received the title of awT-^p, in honour 
of a great victory gained over the Galatai. Cf. No. 44. 



Similar ; but ends of diadem hang more 
stiffly. 



SUTHPOZ (to r., downwards) 
[A] NT I OXOY (to 1. downwards) 
Simil9,r type ; no border. 



[Plate lxit. 4.] 



Bronze 

The -proper attriliition of the Ironze coins inscribed BAZIAEflZ ANTIOXOY 

is still a matter of doubt and difficulty. As a general rule, the different groups, 

much as thei/ vary in iveight, contain at least two denominations, one of which is 

intended to he douhle of the other, and both of luhich have the same types. 



The Dioskouroi on horseback, wearing piloi 
and chlamydes, trotting r., carrying 
their spears upright. 



countermark, eagle r. 



BAZIAEflZ (to 1., upwards) 
[ANTI OXOY] (to r., upwards) 

Athena Alkis standing r., in usual 
attitude, with round shield in 1., and 
thunderbolt in raised r. 



[Plate lxiv. 5.] 



Similar. 



same countermark. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Similar type ; in field r., inside inscr., 
/¥\ ; beneath, traces of anchor 1. (?). 



No. 31 represents a lower denonnnatUm. For the higher, see B.M.C., Pl. iv., No. 9. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair short; 
border of dots. 



Same inscr. Similar type ; in field 1. and 
r., inside inscr., |-p and [ZJ ; border 
of dots. 



IG 



KINGS OF SYKIA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Nos. 32 — 35 are all of one denomination ; similar pieces of about half the leeight 

are Imoion* 








Head of Antioohus I. r., diademed ; border ' BAZIAEf2[Z] (to r., downwards) 
of dots. ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos, as on 
preceding coins ; in field 1. and r., out- 








side inscr., monograms. 


32 


76'5 


M -7 




? and /? 


33 


67 


M -65 




® and eE (ANT loXoY) 


34 


59 


^E -65 




,, and „ 








[_BM.G., Pl. IV. 4.] 
1 


35 


51-5 


^ -7 




^ and [?] (ANT loXoY) 








Nos. 36 — 39 belong to the same denomination as the preceding. 








Head of Apollo r., ]aur. ; border of dots. 


BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo, naked but for dra]3ery over knees, 
seated 1. on omphalos ; he holds arrow 
in r., and leans with 1. arm upon lyre ; 
in field 1. and r., outside inscr., letters 
or monograms. 


36 


64 


.^ -7 




EY and M 








[B.M.G., Pl. IV. 16.] 


37 


55-5 


^ -75 


• 


EY and ,, (countermark, EY) 


38 


60 


^ -65 


Similar. 


[?] and „ 

1 
1 

Similar, with ANT 1 OXOY 


39 


65 


M -7 




[?] and N 








Nos. 40 f. provide q, good example of the double denomination. 


40 


76 


/E -7 


Head of Athena, facing, wearing triple- 
crested helmet ; border of dots. 

* E.g., Babelon, Rois de 


BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 
ANTI OX OY (to 1., downwards) 
Nike 1., holding ^\■reath and palm. 

Syrie etc., p. 20 (No. 146). 



ANTIOCHUS I. 



17 



No. 



Weight 



Metai, 
Size 



Obveksk 



Reverse 



41 



38 



42 



Siniilar. 



iE -55 



3S-. 



43 



41 



44 I 70-5 



.E -6 



JE -55 



JE 



45 



46 



102-5 



95 



^ 



JE -i: 



The (tttyihiilion of No. 42 to Aniiochus I. is more than usually doubtful. 
No. 44 is interesting because of the inscription. 



Head of Apollo laur., three-quarter face 
towards r. 



[ B ] A Z I A E I2Z (to r . , do wn w ards) 
[A]NTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Crtiped female figure standing 1., hold- 
ing patera in extended r., and cornu- 
copiae in 1. ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxiv. 6. 



Round shield, on which is tripod-lebes 
-with three handles ; border of dots. 



Head of Antiochus 1., diademed, r. 
of dots. 



border 



BAZIA (above) 
ANTI (beneath) 
Bow in case 1. : border of dots. 



ZnTHPoZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTI 0[X0Y] (to 1., downwards) 
Inverted anchor, with ring for cable ; 
beneath the blades, caps of the Dios- 
kouroi with stars ; to r., above bar, 



[Plate lxiv. 7.] 



The pieces that follow form a chiss by fhemselres. Types and fabric have suggested 
a Mnce.Ioiiiaii origin, bid i^atisfartor!/ evide.ice as to provenance is still wanting. The 
class contains three main groups, disiingiuslied by their types, and each consisting of two 
denominations, the lower of which is a fourth of the higher. At least two of the grmps 
man be further snhdirlde I according to the presence or absence of the monogram /e^. 
It is uncertain to which subdivision specimens of the smaller denomination slionld he 
attached as they bear neither monograms nor symbols. For the smaller denomination 
of the third group (Nos. 53 S.), see B.M.C., Pl. iv., No. 14. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair long ; border 
of dots. 



Similar. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
A N T I O X OY (to 1., downwards) 

Tripod-lebes with holmos ; border o f 

dots. 

in field 1., traces of monogram. 



Similar; but above title, club r., and /^; 
beneath name, strung bow. 



[7;.37.r., Pl. IV. 17.] 



VOL. III. 



IS 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. Weight 



47 



49 



50 



54 



55 



56 



24-6 



102-5 



82-, 



114 



111 



26 



92-5 
94 



Metal 
Size 



Obvkkse 



Eevekse 



M -45 



M -8 
M -8 



M -75 



710 -75 



JE 



M -75 

M -8 
M wo 



SS'o M -8 



Similar. 



B A (to r., downwards) 
AN (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; same border. 



[Plate lxiv. 8.] 



Macedonian shield, decorated with six 
crescent-shaped ornaments ; in centre, 
anchor, within double circle. 



Similar. 



BAZIAEXIZ (above) 

ANTIOXOY (beneath) 

Horned elephant walkingr.,\vith lowered 
trunk ; between elephant's legs, letters ; 
border of dots. 



n and O 



Z and O ; countermark, anchor 1. 



Similar, without letters ; above title, /5t, 
aud clab 1. ; beneath name, jaw-bone of 
boar 1. 



IB.M.C, Pl. IV. 7.] 

countermark, anchor r. 



Similar type ; anchor v/ithin single circle. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



B A (above) 
A N (beneath) 

Similar type ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEflS (above) 

ANTIOXOY (beneath) 

Thunderbolt ; above title, club r. and 
/^t ; beneath name, jaw-bone of boar 
r. ; border of dots. 



IB.M.C, Pl. IV. 15.] 

countermark, anchor 1. 

countex'mark, anchor r. 

countermark, anchor r. 



ANTTOCHUS II. 



19 



No. 



Wkigut 



Metal 
Size 



57 



69- 



Ai 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The folhwing !■•< ronnedcd hi/ !tK iijpcs iritli tlie necond of ilic pn'ccHiKj giumpH, hut tliere 

<iic iiKiiii/ tUffeieiicefi of detail, imil the fohn'r is not tlie .svi/i/c* Jl nnii/ licloinj to 

Aiitiocliitu II. or Antiocliiiti III. 



Macedonian shield decorated with eight 
crescent-shaped ornaments ; in centre, 
conventional anchor, within circle. 



ANTIoXO[Y] ^ ^ 

Elephant walking r., with trunk up- 
lifted ; no horns. 



traces of monograms ? 
[Plate i.xiv. 9.] 



AKTIOCHUS II. (THEOS) 



Circa 261—246 B.C. 



Antioclius II. iiilirritcd from his father a war with Ptolomii II. ThoiKjh the stritgijle 
ended ill an iiUimiee, the Seiriirid Eiiijiire siiffrred aeiisiiihi, uotaUij throiiijli the 
siieren>ifid revolts of Fartliia and Bartrid. Tlie eoiiix of AiifiorlriiK II. present a 
great variety of portraits, inirili/ heeain:e of the vnriejji of miuts from ivhirh they 
were issued, and partly hecause the head is in some eases ideali::ed.\ 



Silver 
Tetra drachms 



202-3 



M 11 



To. 1 helougs to a speriid class of coins struelc diirinij the reign of Antiochvs II. at 

rarions cities in Ionia and Acolis. -The syinhol on this specimen is prohahly 

tlie mint-marh of ( 'yme. 



Head of Antiochus II. r, 
of dots. 



, diademed; border 



BAZI AEnZ (in field r., downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (in field 1., downwards) 
Herakles, naked but for lion's skin 
round loins, seated 1. on rock ; his r. is 
placed on the top of his club, which 
stands upright before him ; his 1. rests 
on rock ; between his legs, A ; in field 
r., beneath, <j> ; in ex., one-handled vase 
]., and M 



[Plate lxiy. 10.] 

* It will be noted that it is also considerably lighter. So far as I havo observed, the heaviest 
coins of the preceding class are pieces resembling Nos. 50 f. 

t See J. H. S., vol. xxiii., pp. 109 ff. 

' D 2 



20 



KINGS OF SYEIA 



K"o. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



256-8 



262 



M 11 



M 11 



262-5 
264-6 



263-1 



M 1-05 
M 1-25 



.R 1-1 



268-1 



M 1-1 



On Nos. 2 ff. tJie portrait is yonthful, and resemhlos that found on the gold staters 

of Aiitiochiis II., ivhicli come from the East* Theij are grouped according to fabric. 

The high, relief on the Ohv. of Nos. 4 — 7 is spjecialhj noteworthy. 



Head of Antiochus II. r., diademed ; ends 
of diadem hang doM'u loosely. 



Similar ; style different. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos, in us-aal 
attitude, holding arrow and bow ; to 1. 
and r., putside inscr., monograms. 

\V? and ^ (?) 



Similar, with ANT lOXOY; style dif- 
ferent. 



[?] and 
[Plate lxiv. 11.] 



Similar type, of different style ; one end 
of diadem fluttering ; relief high. 



N R 
N R 

[Plate lxiv. 12."] 



BAZIAEIIZ (to r.. downward,s) 
ANT loXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type; Apollo wears boots t; 
in ex., two monograms. 



Similar head ; relief very high ; border 
of dots. 



Similar; relief less his-h. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
A NT I OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Similar type: no boots; to 1. and r., 
outside inscr., ^ and A I 



BAZIAEnZ 
AN T I OXOY 

Similar type ; 
border of dots. 

[?] and [?] 



(to r., downwards) 
(to ]., downwards) 
in ex., two monograms; 



* See J". H. S., vol. x.xiii., pp. 108 f. 
No •^7^'°^15' ^' ^^°^^'^ "^^ compared witli the tetradrachm of Antiochus I. described above as 



ANTIOCHUS II. 



21 



No. Weight 



10 



11 



12 



13 



14 



Met AT. 
Size 



Obverse 



259-6 
261-7 

261-6 



260-3 



255-5 



64-3 



263-7 



A\ 1-15 
A\ 1-15 

JR 1-15 



M 1-15 



M 1-3 



yR -75 



Al 1-3 



Similar head ; relief as usual ; both ends 
of diadem fly loosely ; border of dots. 



Reverse 



BAZIAEIIZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (to ]., downwards) 
Similar type. 

in ex., bee upwards. 

to 1., outside inscr., filleted branch ; in 
ex., £1 



as preceding. 
[Plate lxiv. 13.] 



On the followiiKj the head is more mature, and the style and fabric 

are different. 



Head of Antiochns II. r., diademed; both 
ends of diadem fly loosely ; border of 
dots. 



Similar type ; style different ; ends of 
diadem hang down. 



B AZ I A EI2Z (to r., downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., |Z; 
in ex., Z 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., down-wards) 
AN TIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; beneath Apollo's r. hand, 
X (?) ; to r., outside inscr., Xj" (?)• 



[Plate lxiv. 14.] 



Dr ac liin 



Head of Antiochns II. r., diademed; border 
of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ 
AN TIOXOY 

Apollo, with drapery over r. knee, 
seated 1. on omphalos, looking along 
the string of a bow which he holds in 
his r. hand. 



in field 1., outside inscr., A I (?); in ex., K 
[Cf. BJI.G., Pl. v. 4.] 



The following, stnirk at Alexandria Troas, was •prohably minted daring the 'reign' 

of Antioehus Hierax,* q.v. 



Head of Antiochns II., idealized, r. 
wearing winged diadem. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
AN TlOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, holding arrow and bow; be- 
neath, horse feeding r. 



to 1., outside inscr., [if\ and K 
[Plate lxiv. 15.] 

* See J", ff. S., vol. xxiii., pp. 113 fE. 



22 



KINGS OF STRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metai. 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



15 
16 
17 
18 

19 



20 



21 



93-5 
90'5 
78-5 
92-5 

88 



81-5 



73 



22 65 

23 ' 72-5 



M -7 

M -8 
M -7 
iK -75 

JE -65 



^ -65 



iE -65 



M -65 

JE 75 



Beonze 

The coins lieix described fall info three groups, distinf/ttished hy sliijht differences 

in Her. type or symbol. Those behn/ijiiKj to the last group (Xns. 22 f£.) 

are, on the urerage, marl-edJy lighter than the rest. All seem 

to represent the same denomination. 



Head of Apollo r.,laur. ; hair long; border t BAZIAEXIZ (to r., downwards) 
of dots. , ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Trijjod-lebes, with bolmos ; the legs of 
the tripod are long and slightly curved, 
while the lebes is shallow ; beneath, 
Solenoid anchor r. ; border of dots. 



(border not visible). 



Similar type ; no border. 



Sinailar. 



above title, @ ; beneath name, AH 

as preceding. 

as preceding. 

above title, [?] ; beneath name, @ 
[Plate lxiv. 16.] 

above title, [?] ; beneath name, ^S] 



B AZ I A EnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Tripod-lebes, with three handles ; the 
legs of the tripod are short and 
straight, while the lebes is deep; 
beneath, Seleucid anchor 1. ; to 1. and 
r., outside inscr., monogi-ams or letters; 
border of dots. 

y and MIA (downwards) 
[Plate lxiv. 17.] 

as preceding. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Similar ; handles of tripod wreathed ; 

anchor r. 

no letters or monograms. 



Y(?) and tzj 



SPJLEUCUS II. 



23 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



24: 


52-5 


M -7 


25 


56 


M -65 


26 


57 


M -65 


27 


52-5 


M -65 


28 


76-5 


^ -7 


29 


55 


JE -Go 



131-3 



131 



N -S 



N -75 



ty 


and 


[■?] 






E 


and 


KP 






z 

E 


and 


n 






as 


preoediDg, 






H 


and 


[?] 






I) 


and 


K(?); 


countermark, 


anchor r. 



SELEUCUS II. (CALLINICUS) 



Circa 246—226 B.C. 



Sch'.iinis TL, the eJdcKf son of AufiorJiun IL, had an unusually troubled renpi. The 
exreptloiiid attitude irliirh Apollo assumes on Ms coins vuaj possibh/ he due to the 
fact that the conrentioiiid ti/pe had been usurped by Antiochus Hierax 
and his supporters* 



Gold 



Staters 



Head of Seleucus II. 
slight whisker. 



diademed, with 



BASIAEfiZ (to r., downwards) 
ZEA EYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, his hair in long ringlets, stand- 
ing 1., naked ; he is looking along an 
arrow which he holds point downwards 
in r., while with 1. he leans on strung 
bow which stands on the ground behind 
him ; to 1. and r., outside inscr., mono- 
grams. 



KP and PE, 

(No. 1 lias been twice pierced.; 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Similar, with SE A EYKOY; no monogr. 
to r. 



[Plate lxit. 18.] 
* See J. P. Six in Num. Chron., 3rd Series, vol. xviii., p. 235. 



24 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



JSfo. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obveese 



Reverse 



258-2 



257-3 



M 1-2 



M 1-2 



263-2 



M 1-1 



262 



Al 1-1 



Silver 



Euboic- Attic Standard 



Tetrad rachms 



Head of Seleucus II. 
sligM whisker. 



r., diademed, -with 



Similar type ; no -^vhisker ; border of 
dots. 



BAZIAEIIZ (to r,, downwards) 
ZEA EYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along 
an arrow wliich. he holds point down- 
wards in r., and leaning with 1. arm 
on tall tripod-lebes which stands behind 
him, wreathed with laurel. 

to 1., inside insor., |€ 



Similar ; border of dots. 



Similar ; with ^\ hisker. 



Similar ; no whisker. 



to ]., inside inscr., t+l and head of horse (?) 
1.; to r., outside inscr., /S^ {'?) 

[Plate lxiv. 19.] 



Similar, with ZE AEYKOY; no border, 
to 1. and r., outside inscr., ^ and 

A o 



Similar, with ZEAE YKOY 

to 1., inside inscr., i,^ 
[Plate lxiv. 21.] 



Drachm 



Head of Athena r., wearing crested helmet; 
border of dots. 



60-6 



JR -7 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ZEA EYKOY (to 1., dowmvards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., with arrow 
and bow, as on No. 1 f. 



to 1. and r., outside inscr., (|) and x{< 
[Plate lxiv. 20.] 



SELEUCUS II. 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Rever.se 



Bronze 

Tlie bronze issues of Scleiicnn II. were nmneroHS and varied. The specimens descrihfil 

helow are grouped according to the Ohr. type. At least four different denoiirinafioiiK 

are included ; hut, cxcejit in one case, there is no eridcnce of any close 

connection between them.* 



364. 



10 
11 



12 
13 



ISOo 



93-5 
71 



66 
53-5 



Head of Seleucua II. r., diademed, with 
slight whisker ; border of dots. 



.E r2 behind head, downwards, AIO(?) 



M -So 



M -75 
JE -7 



M -6 
M -65 



Similar type ; same border. 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 

KOY (beneath) 

Horseman, with fl3'ing chlamys, pran- 
cing ]., holding spear couched ; no 
border visible. 

beneath horse, ^ 



Similar. 



BAZIAEnS (to r., downwards) 
ZEA EYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., with arrow 
and bow, as on Nos. 1 f. 

to ]. and r., outside inscr., ^ and f^ 
[Plate lxiv. 22.] 



BAZIAEHZ (above) 

ZEAEYKoy (beneath) 

Elephant walking r., with lowered 
trunk ; driver seated on his neck ; 
behind, monogram ; border of dots. 



^p (V) 
* (?) 

[B.M.C., Pl. VI. 4.] 



Similar. 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 

ZEAEYKOY (in ex.) 

Free horse walking 1., its 1. forefoot 
raised high from the ground ; beneath 
title, two stars ; beneath horse, monogr. 



I ^ 
IB.BI.C, Pl. VI. 6.] 



* Examples wliere such connection can be proved by community of monograms will be 
found in Imhoof-lilumer, Monn. 'jn-cq., p. 427. 



VOL. III. 



26 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



Xo. Wetkht 



]4 



15 



16 
17 



IS* 



19 



20 



40 



101 



56-5 
62 



74 



129 



63 



Metal 
Size 



JE -6 



M -8 



JE -65 
M -65 



M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



m -85 



M -65 



Similar. 



Head of Athena r., wearing crested helmet ; 
hair in formal cuils ; border of dots. 



[BASIAEnX] (above) 
. . AEYKOY (in ex.) 
Similar type ; no stars visible ; beneath 
horse, round shield decorated with 
Seleucid anchor. 



BASIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 
ZEA EYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., with arrow 
and bow, as on Nos. 1 f. 



[Plate lxiv. 23.] 



Similar type, of slightly different style; 
no border. 



Similar; to 1. and r., outside inscr., mono- 
grams. 

r^ and ? 



m and [?] 
[B.M.C., Pl. VI. 6.] 

(No. 17 is restruck.) 



Similar type, of freer style ; border of 
dots. 



BAZIAEI2Z (above) 

ZEAEYKOY (beneath) 

Elephant, with lowered trunk, walking 
r. ; driver seated on his neck ; behind, 
bunch of grapes ; border of dots. 



[Pl.^te lxv. 1.] 



SImilarifij of atijlc and ident!t:j of monogram show iliat No. 19 is the double of No. 20. 
The fractional character of the latter is indicated by the Ber. type'. 



Bust of Apollo r., laur. ; hair long; drapery 
about neck ; bow and quiver at shoulder; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ Cabove) 
ZEAEYKOY (in ex.) 

Humped bull, butting 1.; in field 1 



[B.M.C., Pl. VI. 10.] 



Simila 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 
[Z]EAEYK[OY] (in ex.) 

Forepart of humped bull, butting 1.; 
in field 1., ^ 



[Plate lxv. 2.] 

A- To '^^^^ represents tlie higher of two denominations with similar types ; see BMC r> 18 
ISo. 26, as compared with Ibid., Nos. 24 f. '^ . »«b .o./u.i.., p. i. , 



yi-M^EUC'US II.— ANTIOriLUS HUaiAX 



27 



No. i Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvkrse 



Hevkksk 



Similai' type; same border. 



•21 
22 

23 



2i 



70-O 2E -65 



G3-0 j .U ■()£ 



510 : .3i -65 



68-5 



M -65 



261-5 



yil 1-35 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 
ZEAEYKOY (in ex.) 

Humped bull, standing ]., with head 

turned to front. 



in field 1., beneath, ^ 

as preceding. 
[Ji.M.C, Pl. VI. 12.] 

beneath bull, EY 



The bcai-cled portrait of Sclriini:^ (Uwyoiv) shows that Nu. 2'k heloiujs to the 
latter part of his reiyit. 

Head of Seleucus II. r., diademed, wearing BAZIAEHZ (above) 

long beard ; border of dots. , [Z] EAEYKOY (in ex.) 

Pegasos, in full careei', 1. 

I'D.M.C, Pl. VI. 16.] 



ANTIOCHUS HIERAX 



r/; 



246—227 B.C. 



AiUiodms Hiera.r loas a mere hoij when his father Antiochus II. died. His brother, 
Seleiicns II., in order to secure his support against Ptolemy, recognised him as 
ftamX.iv'i ill Aaia j\Iiii<ir. Sifjijiorti'd by his mother Ijiodicc, Ilierax aimed at 
comiilctc indcpciideiice. The fnttriridnl struggle lasted for tirrlrc or fifteen years, 
and, only e,ided irith his dnifli. To judge from Ms mints, the chief seat of his 
pjower would seem to hare been in Troas and Aeolis. No. 1, for exampile, was 
struck at Alc.candria 'Iraas. Many of his coins bear 
the deified head of his father.^' 

Silver 

Eaboic- Attic Standard 

Te t radrach.ms 



Boyish head of Antiochus Hierax r., wear- 
ing winged diadem. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to ]., downwards) 
Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. 
thigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, holding arrow and bow ; in 
ex., horse feeding 1., standing on line. 



to 1. and r., outside inscr., >i- and )S( 
[Plate lxv. 3.] 



* For a fall discussion of the points here raisecl, see J.H.8 , vol. xxiii., pp. 113 If, 

E 2 



28 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



260 



Al 1-2 



Head of Autiockus Hierax* r., diadenied, 
wearing slight whisker ; border of dots. 

[Plate 



Similar ; but in ex., fish 1. ; border of dots. 



no monograms. 

LXV. 4.] 



257-4 



60-5 



M M 



(No. 2 ia, at one point, bevelled at the edge on both sides. A shallower, but much 
more extensive, bevelling appears on both sides of No. 1.) 



SELEUCUS III. (CERAUNUS) 

Circa 22G— 222 B.C. 

SeJeucus III. loas tlie elder of the two sons of Seleucus CnJlinlcus. He did not 

jjursue the war loith Ptolemy III., doubtless because peace witli Egypt had become 

necessary if he was to defend his inheritance in Asia Minor against the steady 

encroachments of Attains. At the outset of a campaign against the 

Pergamene Icing he was murdered by mutinous troops. 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Tetradraclim 



Head of Seleucus III. r., diademed, with 
whisker : border of dots. 



M -65 



BAZIAEHS (to r., downwards) 
ZEAE YKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. 
thigh, seated 1. on omphatos, with arrow 
and bow, in usual attitude ; to 1. and r., 
outside inscr., monogranrs. 

^ and p 

[B.M.C., Pl. VII. 6.] 

Bronze 

The following bronze coins are usually assigned to Seleucus III. At least two 

denominations are represented. The different groups are dissimilar in style, and 

no connection between them seems traceable. 



Head of Seleucus III. r., diademed ; border 
of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) „_ 
Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., ~~ 



[Plate lxv. 5.] 

ex., off coin ; inscr. partly off eoia. 



The attribution of this piece to Hierax rests solely on iconographio grounds. But the 
suggestion seems to have, at least, some probability. The presence of a border of dots on 
both sides of the com differentiates it from other pieces 1 have elsewhere attributed to 
the reign of Hierax. (J.H.S., xxiii., pp. 114 f.) 



SELEUCUS III. 



29 



Ko. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revekse 



3 

4 



9 
10 



11 



12 



69 

65-5 

SO 



GO -5 



116 

113 

134-6 
116 



46 



JE -6 
M -6 
JE -6 



JE -65 



M -85 

M -8 

M 75 

M 75 



^ 6 



60 



Ji: -6 



Bust of Artemis r., of indifferent style ; 
liair tied with fillet, wliicli passes 
several times round, and is gathered 
in knot behind ; quiver at shoulder ; 
border of dots. 



Similar ; barbarous. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair rolled, 
■with ringlets hanging; border of dots. 



Similar ; in ex., one or more monograms 
or letters. 



M 



KA (^ off coin.) 

M (ZEA EYKOY ininscr. ; title off 
coin.) 



Similar ; barbarous ; no monograms or 
letters visible. 



BAZIAEflS (to r., downwards) 
XEAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 

Tripod - lebes, with holmos and three 
handles, surmounted by a wreath of 
laurel; to ]., outside inscr., letter or 
monogr. ; border of dots. 

EY 



(No. 7 is restruck, BAZIAEI2 being visible on Obv.) 

EY 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. VII. 9.] 



Similar ; style different. 



Head of Apollo r., laur., of good style; 
hair short ; boi'der of dots. 



Similar ; style different ; no letters or 
monograms visible. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwai'ds) 
2eX EYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, with arrow and bow. 



30 



KINGS or SYRIA 



l\o. I AV'kight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Bevekse 



525-8 



524-3 



M 1-15 



2584 .11 1-li 



ANTIOCHUS III. (MAGNUS; 

Circa 222—187 B.C. 

Aiitiorliiis III., the yomiger son of Selene nx II., wh» about twenty ijcarH of age vlien 
lie niieeeeded Ills murdered brother. Ihirimj the early part of liis reiiju he had 
to suppress the reeolts of his jmircrfnl snbordinale.-t, Molou and Achaeiis, each 
of H-hom usurped the right of iniiitiiig money. He also engaged in a fierce strnipjle 
n-ith Ptolemy. He conducted a series «/' siieeessfid cmnpiaigris against the l-ings 
of Partliia and Baetrin, and carried Iris rietorions arms as far as India. 
Sv-hsequently lie rccorcred Asia JSIinor, only to lose it nlien he came into conflict 
u-itli Home. Tlie nnmber of his mints is rejlcetcd in the variety of his pwrtraits. 

Gold 

O c tadraohms * 

Head of Antiochus III. r., diademed. BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 

ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, with arrow and bow ; to 1. 
outside inscr., monogram. 



AT 1-15 j head youthful; whisker; no border visible. 



[Pla'I'k lxv. 6.] 



head mature ; no whisker ; border of dots. 



$ 



[IIM.C, Pl. VIII. 4.] 



Silver 



Tetra drachms 



IMiile ^,ls. 3—7 tire distingnished from one another li/ differences of still e, 

all hear a yoiithfid portrait, and therefore belong' to the early part' 

of the reign of Antioclms. 



Youthful head of Antiochus III. r., 
diademed ; one end of diadem hangs 
loosely down ; the other flies out freely 
behind. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., two 
monograms. 



^ 

^ 



[Plate lxv. 7.] 

* It is not easy to believe that these pieces ever actually circulated as money. The coin known 
m ant.quity as the xp^<^ovs 'A..„Jx-os [e.g. Dittenberger! Si/Hoi/e^, 588, 189rwas more Vu-obaWv 
a stater of ordinary weight, such as is described in B.M.G., p. 25, No 3 The marked diWni^ 



ANTIOCHUS III. 



No. 



10 

11 

12 

13 
14 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revek.se 



261-3 I M 1-15 

1 

263 3 .R 1-1 

259-9 .H 1-1 



2G3-4 ' -R 1-2 



io-^o 



260 



262-7 
237-4 

259-4 

261-4 
259-9 



M 1-05 



M 1-1 



JR 1-1 
M 1-1 

(plated ?) 

JR 1-15 



M 1-2 
JR 1-2 



Similav head ; botli ends of diadem fly out \ BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
behind; sliglit whisker. ANTIOXOY (to L, downwards) 

Similai- type ; monograms to 1. and r., 
outside inscr., and also in ex. 



head larger ; border of dots. 



3V1 C?] (g) (border of dots) 
^ f*1 (^ 



[Plate lxv. 8.] 



Similar type; no whisker; both ends of 
diadem hang down ; border of dots. 



Similar ; but in ex., instead of monogi'., 
synabol. 

[A ?] and R ; humped bull butting 1. 



Xi'K. 8 — 17 form n iJintliicf group. Their done resemhlance to the tetrddrni-liins 
of Si'leiicat: IV. indicates Antio'ch as the probable mint. 



Head of Antiochus III. r., diademed ; one 
end of diadem flies upwards, the other 
falls forward over king's r. shoulder ; 
border of dots. 



Similar head ; bead and reel border. 



Similar. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXoY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; to 1. and r.^ outside inscr., 
monograms. 

@ and [?] 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
[A]NTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar ; border of dots. 



and ^ 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 

A NT I OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Similar type ; to 1., outside inscr. 
symbol. 

bow in case. 



[J,'..¥.r',, Pl. viit. 7.] 

bow in case ; in ex., AZK 
[Plate lxv. 9.] 

tripod-lebes ; (ANTIO XOY) 

inverted anchor (?). 
[Plate lxv. 10.] 



32 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



15 
16 

17 



18 



19 



20 



21 
22 
23 



Weight 



259-3 
263-7 
264-4 



260-2 



262 



260 



252-3 



Metal 
Size 



M 115 

M 1-15 
M 1-2 



.■R 1-1 



M 1-1 



Al 1-2 



M 1-1 



263-5 j M 1-1 
260-2 Al 1-1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



lower end of diadem Langs straight. 



Similar ; but, in place of symbol, A| 
(ANT loXoY) 
(ill ex., <t)) 



No. 18 presents some affinities to tlie prereiJiii;/ series. Nos. 19 and 20 
differ from it markedli/. 



Similar ; both ends of diadem liang 
straight. 



Similar, with y in jDlace of A| 
[Plate lxv. 11.] 



Head of Antiodms III. r., diademed ; both | BAZI AEI2Z (to r., down-wards) 
ends of diadem % out freely behind; ' ANTIO XoY (to 1., downwards) 
border of dots. Similar type ; to 1. and r., outside ins 

monograms ; border of dots. 

Isr and rn 



Similar ; ends of diadem obscure. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; in ex., monogram ; border 
of dots. 



w 



Xos. 21-23 are eonrse In sti/le, and may have been struclc in the Eastern 
prorinees which Antiochus recovered. 



Head of Antiochus III. r., diademed; 
both ends of diadem hang down behind ; 
border of dots. 



behind, A I 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 

ANT lOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Similar type; in ex., Al ; border of 
dots. 



to 1., outside inscr., ]/\ 

to r., outside inscr., AC 

[Plate lxv. 12.] 



ANTIOCHUS IIT. 



Weight 



212-6 

261-3 



Mktal 
Sizs 



Obvkkse 



Revkuse 



Kits. 24 — 27 tire lliili-cd together hij siiii'darifij of fiihrif. Tlicj are eliaraeferized 
hjj (I. certuhi (jlonniiie.ix aj' mirfiin', and hij a want of cleanness in strikinij. 



263 8 : .R 11 



I Head of Autioclius III. r., diademed ; one 
i end of diadem liangs down behind, the 
I other flies oat freelj' ; border of dots. 



260-4 j .R 1-2 



.R 1-25 

(plated) 

M 1-2 



BAZIAEnZ (to r,, downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar head ; both ends of diadem hang BAZIAEHZ (to r., down-«-avds) 
sti-aight. I AN TIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

I Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., 
monograms or letters. 



no border. 

border of dots, 
border of dots. 



lol 

[PlATE LXV. 13.] 

S (poor condition.) 

ATTO (style barbarous; ANT lOXOY) 



28 262-9 -R 1-25 



29 



02-2 



M -7 



No. 28 diff'erti ronnpirvniishj in stijle from any of the other tetradrachms catalogued 

here. If the Ki/iidiol is really a lee, the piece may Jiare been strvch at Ephcsiin 

dvring'tlie doiiiiiitition of Antiochits there {circa 197—190 B.C.). 



Head of Antioclms HI. r., diademed; one 
end of diadem flies up■^^-ards, the other 
hangs down behind. 



BAZIAEXIZ (to r,, downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) __ 

Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., ^ 

in ex., eE. a-i^d bee (?) r. 



[Plate lxv. 1-1.] 

Drachms 

Ko. 29 connects directly, through the monogram, with Nos. 15 S. 



Head of Antiochus HI. r., diademed. 



B AZ I A EflZ (to r. , dowmvards) 
ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., A| 



[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. VIII. 8.] 
(No. 29 is pierced.) 



34 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



ilETAL 

Size 



30 61- 



31 



f)l-8 



M -7 



M -65 



62-, 



M -7 



M -7 



3-4 



02 



M '9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Similar ; portrait youthful. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downvs-ards) 
ANTIO XOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; style barbarous ; to 1.. 
outside inscr., /^ 



[B]AZIAEI1Z (to r., downwards) 
[A]NTIOXoY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; above top of arrow, 
doubtful symbol or monogram. 



[Plate lxv. 15.] 



The appearance of tie eJepliant as a ii/l"' i'« ucf iiiiprahahl ij connected with the retnni 
of Aiitlochiit^ front his Eastern cawpaiijns, in 205 B.C., n-hca he hronght iriih him 
a hicqe number of Indian elephants. Fahric and portrait suggest a connection n-ilh 

Xo. 25. 



Head of Antioclms III. r., diademed. 



BAZIAEXIZ (above) 
ANTIOXOY (in ex.) 

Elephant r., with lowered trtink ; in 

field r., {^ 



[Plate lxv. 16.] 

(No. 33 is pierced.) 

Bronze 

Oidi/ a fen- of the hron:<cs here atfrihnted to Antiochns III. can he regarded as 

certainhi his.* These are the prieces iriili-h hear his jiortrait. Xas. 34 — 38, 

vhich include tn'O denominations, n-cre cridi'nilij struck in I'lnn^nii-ia . Xo. 34, irliich 

is dated according to the ScJcnciil Era, pn-orides the standtird 

portrait of Antiochns. 



Head of Anfiochus 
border of dots. 



beneath kind's 



III. r., diademed; BAZIAEIIZ (above) 
ANTIOXOY (beneath) 
Stern of galley lying 1.; 
1 title, PK [ = 192 B.C.] 



[Plate lxv. 17.] 



* Nor can any approximation to certainty be attained until the whole of the earlier Selencid 
bronze coins are made the subject of a much more full and thorough investigation than they have 
yet received. The main reason in favour of assigning Nos. 49 ff. to Antiochns III. is that they 
do not certainly belong to any other king, and that witliout them his bronze coinage would seem 
unduly meagre. 



ANTIOCHUS III. 



35 



No. I Weight 



35 



36 



■19 



32-5 



Metal 
Size 



jE -6 



M ■■>: 



Obvkr.se 



Similar type. 



RiSVJiKSE 



BAZIAEnZ ANTIOXOY (from r., 
downwards) Palm-tree; border of dots. 



[PLATli) LXV. 18.] 

I 110 border visible. 



3S 



39 



40 



41 
42 



•Sb'O 



231 



183 



43-5 
35 '5 



JE -6 
JE -G 



.E 1 



JE -95 



M -0 

M -55 



-Ni'.s. 37 f. differ in fahr'ic from the two preeediiig pieie3. The portrait is less 
realistic^ and less certainlij that of Aiitiuchas III. 



Similar type ; one end of diadem falls 
forward over r. shoulder, as on Nos. 
8 if. ; border of dots. 



border doubtful. 



Similar 



in field 1., )^ 



No. 39 is one of a series which contained at least three deiioiniiuifioiis, 
the types being in each case the same.* 



Head of Antioclius III. r., diademed ; 
border of dots. 



luscr. obliterated. Elephant r., with 
lowered trunk ; much worn. 



countermark, horse's head r. 
[Cf. lUI.C, Pl. IX. 4.] 



The monograms suggest some connection between Nos. 40 — 48, at least two, and 

pjossibly three, deno^ninations being represented. The head of Apollo on tlie 

obverse bears some resemblance to the piortraits of Aidiorlnis III. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; border of dots. 



BASIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXOY (to L, downwards) 
Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos 
in usual attitude, with arrow and bow. 



to 1., outside inscr. 






Similar. Similar, with ANTI OXOY 

to 1., outside inscr., ^ 
as preceding. 



* The three are represented in B.M.C., p. 27, Nos. 36 fE. Two denomiaations of a very 
similar series are described Ibid., Nos. 40 tt'. 



36 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revebse 



4a 

44 
45 
4G 

47 
48 



49 



50 
51 



26-5 
29-5 
27 
21 



74-5 
67-5 

58-5 
47-5 
40 5 



JE -5 

JK -5 

.-E -5 

jE -45 

.E --I5 

^ -4 



M -55 



.E -6 

-E -6 

M -6 

M -G 



Similar. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along 
arrow held point downwards in r,, and 
leaning with 1. on top of bow which 
stands on ground behind him ; to 1., 
outside inscr., one or more monograms 
or letters. 






,, and ? 

? (AN TIOXOY) 

[?] 
P (?) 



The afti-ihiitiim of fJie fulloa-iiiij piecct; to Antiochus III. is hiijlhj conjeiiiiral. 



Archaistic head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair 
in stiff ringlets ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEX2Z (to r., downwards) 

[A] N^ Tl [OXOY] (to 1., downwards) 
Similar figure of Apollo standing 1. ; 
behind him, instead of bow, is a tall 
tripod-Iebes on which he leans with his 
1. arm. 



[ll.M.C, Pl. IX. 14.] 



Female bust r., draped and veiled ; border 
of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 
ANTIOXOY (beneath) 

Head of elephant 1. with trunk uplifted ; 
behind 1, ear,* tripod ; beneath king's 
name, letters or monogram. 
I 

I OEK 

I n 

[Plate lxv. 19.] 
lA 

hP 

[?] 

(No.5. 53 ff. are restruck. 0,i X,.. 54 there are visible, from the previous striking, 
traces of Apollo seated on omphalos.) 



* On Xos. 50 and 52 the tripod is partly concealed by tho flap of the ear. 



ANTIOCHUS nr.— SELEUCUS IV. 



37 



No. 


Weight 


55 
5G 


7J 

72 -5 



59 



6t 



124, 
103 



2(3J.-2 



JIeta[. 
Size 



M -G 



M -65 

M -6 



M -7 



M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The Ihre:' /(lUoieiiK/ pieces all hare ((.serrated e/Lje. This feature of the Seleucid 

(■o(i(a(ie h((ii not ijct been sati)<factorilji explained. Coins that have been so treated 

h((re (isdfdh/ also a siiadl hole in the centre of Obo. or of lleo. or of both, a 

pec(iliarit(/ (uhich is, hoieeoer, by no mejdis confined to serrated coins. 



Similar. 



Similar ; behind head, traces of mono- 
gram. 



Similar. 



A(?) 



Similar; no tripod; beneath 1. ear, prow 
1. ; letter or monogram above trunk ; 
border of dots. 

king's name not visible ; symbol obscure ; 



Al 



The foUo(cinf/ ((re of coarser stj/le ((ltd fabric than any that precede. Tlie grounds 
for ((ssi(j((ii((/ them to Antiochas III. are of the slightest. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair rolled ; one 
or two long ringlets fall over his neck ; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEGJZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Nike standing 1., leaning with r. on 

long palm-brancli. 



[Plate i-xv. 20.] 

I CO donbtfnl. 



SELEUCUS IV. (PHILOPATOR) 
Circa 187—175 B.C. 

Si'l('(ic((s IV., son and sacrassor of Aiitiochm III., spent his reign, ndiich (cas cndc:l 
bij assassin'dion, in an eitdfarour to replenish the roijal treasury 

SiLVEE 

Euboic- Attic Standard 
T e t r a d r a c hrtn s 



Head of Seleucus IV. r., diademed ; one 
end of diadem flie.s upwards, the other 
falls forward over shoulder ; traces of 
border. 



.11 11 



BAZIAEnZ (tor.,downwardB) 
ZEA EYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. 
thigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, with arrow and bow; to 1., 
outside inscr., symbol. 



s'ar of six rays. 
[PlatIi; lxvi. 1.] 



38 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



10 



11 



Wetsht 



264-5 
263-4 
263-5 
260-1 
261-3 
263-7 

261-6 



2C2-S 



247 



116-, 



105-5 



Mktal 
Size 



Al 1-15 
A\ 1-1 
Al 1-15 
Al 1-1 
.11 1-2 
Al 1-2 

Al 1-2 



Al 1-1 



.11 1-15 



m -85 



M -Si 



Obvekse 



Heveese 



Similar head, of slightly different style; 
bead and reel border. 



Similar, with ZEAE YKoY 
wreath-bearing Nike r. 
palm. 

filleted palm; (ZEA EYKOY) 
filleted palm; in ex., <t> 
palm ; in ex., 1-P 
,' palm, with wreath; in ex., ^ 
[IIJI.C, Pl. X. 5.] 

filleted palm and aplustre ; in ex., ^ 
(ZEAEYKoY) 

[Plate lxvi. 2.] 



Similar head ; style slightly different ; 
both ends of diadem hang down ; bead 
and reel border. 



Similar, with ZEAEYKOY 

bust of Athena 1., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet ; iu ex., \/^ ZA 



[Plate lxvi. 3.] 



Similar head ; different style ; one end 
of diadem flies upwards, the other 
falls forward over r. shoulder; border 
of dots. 



Similar. 



filleted palm ; ex. blank. 
[Plate lxvi. 4.] 

Bkonze 

Nds. 11 f., u-Jiifh are af Plioenin'mi fabric, are dated according to tie Srh'iidd Era 

and thus i/ne a n;i,i!it portrait of the Icing. They represent the higher of two 

denomiKitiom* Although the edges of these coins are smooth, both hare 

swiall holes in the centre. 

Head of Seleucus IV. r., diademed; one | BAZIAEHZ ' (above) 



end of diadem falls forward over 
shoulder ; border of dots. 



ZEAEYKOY (beneath) 

Stern of galley lying 1. ; beneath title, 
date ; border of dots. 



€AP [=177 B.C.] (obscure). 
[Plate lxvi. 5.] 

I PAl [=175 EC.] (very obscure). 
* For the lower, see Babqlon, Rois de Sijric, p. 66, No. 513. 



SELEDCTJS IV. 



39 



No. 1 Weight 



13 

U 
15 
16 
17 

18 
19 

•20 



21 
22 
23 
2i 
25 
26 



167 

175 

21-1 

138 

139-5 

196 

149-5 

149 



123 

110 

133 

109-5 

105 

111 



M.ETAr. 

Size 



^ "S.J 

M -9 

JE -9 

JE -9 

AH -85 

JE -9 

^ -85 

JE -85 



.E -75 
iE -8 
JE -75 



Obverse 



Revrhsr 



Jhe follo.nug h,-on,e jucc,-, fall into two series, having simihrr t>,p.,, Ut distimnu^.ed 
from, each other bn a characteristic monogram* In each series three denomLatioi.s 
are here represented, and a fourth e.msts.^ AU hare serrated edges, and a small 
Iwie VI the centre of one side, or of both. 



Series I. 



Archaistic head of Apollo r., with long 
locks falling over his neck; behind head, 
/^ ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEI2Z (to p., downwards) 
ZE AEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along 
an arrow held point downwards in r. ; 
he leans with 1. arm on tripod-lebes, 
which stands behind him ; to 1., inside 
inscr., letter or monogr. ; border of 
dots. 



IBJT.C, Pl. X. 9.] 
A 



Head of Dionysos v., wearing wreath of 
ivy ; one or two long looks of hair fall 
over neck ; thyrsos behind shoulder ; 
behind head, /^ ; border of dots. 



JE -75 

.1'] -75 I (place of monogT., off coin.) 

jE -8 



(monogr. doubtful.) 



AB (ZEA EYKOY) 

.. (?) 

„ (?) and /vT 



BAZIAEHZ (above) 
ZEAEYKoY (beneath) 

Prow of galley 1., adorned with fillet ; 

beneath, title, letters or monograms ; 

border of dots. 

A 

A B 
A 

AC?] 
AB 



* In other collections I have seen one or two specimens -where no trace of a monogram 
was visible. 

t For Series I. Sfc Babelon, p. 65 f., Nos. 50.5 ff. ; and for Series II. see B.M.C., p. 33, 
No. 30. 



40 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



27 



28 
29 
30 
31 



33 
34 



36 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Eevef.se 



69 



140 
151 

14S-5 
180-5 



83-5 



75 



M -7 



JE -85 

JE -85 

JE -8 

M -85 



128 


IE 


•75 


121-5 


M 


-75 


121-5 


M 


•75 



.■E -6; 



M -65 



Bust of Artemis r., wearing stepliaiie ; 
over shoulder, quiver ; behind, /^ ; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEIiZ (to r., downwards) 
ZEAEYKOY (to 1., downwards) 

Artemis Huntress, wearing short chiton 
and etidromides, standing ]., leaning 
with 1. on speai', and placing r. on head 
of roe which stands beside her, 1. ; border 
of dots. 

to r., above, inside inscr., psj* 



^'cr/'es II. 



Similar to No. 13 ; but behind head, 

IVE 



Similar to No. 21 ; but behind head, 

IVE 



Similar to No. 13. 
AB 

An 

AJ 

Similar to No. 21. 



AN 
AN 

AN 

[Cf. BJI.C, Pl. X. 12.] 



Similar to No. 27 ; but behind head, 



Similar to No. 27. 



to r., outside inscr., Al ; to 1. [?] 
[Plate lxvi. 6.] 

to r., outside inscr., Tyi 



ANTI0CHU8 IV. 



41 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



263 



.R 11.5 



262-9 I M 1-25 
263-3 i -R 1-15 



261-2 



/R 1-25 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ANTIOCHUS IV. (BPIPHANES) 
Circa 175—164 B.C. 

Antioclms IV. was the brother of Seleucus. Taken to Borne as a hostage after the 
battle of Mtttjncsia, he remained there nearly fourteen years. On his way bnclc 
to Syria he spent some time in Athens.* He was still in Greece when news of his 
brother's deatlt reached him. Hastening eastwards, he had his nephew (loho had 
succeeded him as a hostage to Home) set aside, and secured the crown for himself. 
Throughout his reign he remained, on good terms with the Unmans. Evidence 
of the divine honours accorded him in his lifetime is borne by his coins, not 
merely through the inscription (Nos. 21 ff.), but also through the appearance 
of stars on the diadem (Nos. 4, etc.), and through the idealization of the head 

(Nos. 5, etc.). 

Class I.—ORVINARY REGAL COINS 
A. With Title Bao-tXeus only. 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

T e t r a d r a c h. m s 



Youtlifnl head of Antioclms IV. r., dia- 
demed ; border of beads. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXoY (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, with arrow and bow ; to 1. 
and r., outside inscr., monograms. 



Head of Antiocbus IV. r., 
bead and reel border. 



(same die.) 



ISp and ll 

[Plate lxvi. 7.] 

diademed; BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; in field 1., outside inscr., 
lyre (kithara) ; in ex., M^ 

lyre to 1. 

lyre tor.; (ANTI OXOY) 
[Plate lxvi. 8.] 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., diademed ; 
of more mature type ; at each end 
of diadem an eight-rayed star ; one 
end of diadem flies freely, while the 
other falls forward over r. shoulder ; 
border of beads. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AN TIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Similar type; beneath Apollo's r. hand, 
/^ ; in ex., 1^; to 1., outside inscr., 

palm-branch ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxvi. 9.] 

For numismatic record of his soiourii there, see Vol. II., p. 61, No. 96. 



42 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



^0. 



10 



11 



Weight 



261- 



62 4 



611 



60-1 
62-9 



134 



114 



Metat, 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveese 



-R 1-2 



Al -7 



Al -7 



.R -6 
-R -65 



JE -9 



JE -76 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., diademed ; 
features idealized ; ends of diadem hang 
down behind ; bead and reel border. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIO XOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type; to L, outside inscr., Jb^ 
and wing; to r., outside inscr., ^ ; in 
ex., club 1. 



[Plate lxvi. 10.] 



D r aclini s 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., diademed. 



Similar. 

to r., ontside inscr., ^ ; in ex., club r. ; 
(ANTI OXOY) 



(No. 6 is pierced.) 



to 1., club downwards; no monograms 
visible. 



The relief on the two folloioing drachms is higher, and the fabric 

is different.* 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



: Similar. 

above arrow, A 1^ (ANTIOXOY) 
to ]., outside inscr., club downwards. 



Beonze 

The monograms on the Ohr. of Ao.s. 10—15 are value-marhs. The fabric of these 
pieces ,s peruhar, the edges beiug rounded off in conspicuous fashion, irhile small 
projections are usually visible, shairiay that the blanks were cast in bars or roivs. 

Dichalka 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate 
B 
diadem; behind, X; bead and reel 
border. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Tyche, draped, seated 1. on throne with 

high back ; she holds in outstretched r. 

Nike 1. ; at her feet, long-billed bird 1. ; 

border of dots. 



[B.M.G., Pl. XII. 2.] 

to th^e U::::rin'^^t^t:1 Wfw cl^tr:/ """"'tl """'''"'r- '^^^^ -- P-sented 
nian coins, the whole haWrg been acquired by'^hfminPefl T."^ °* ^'^^^^'^'^ ^"'l ^assa- 

Anhochus lY. cioquueu Dy him in Tersia. The head is not certainly that of 



ANTIOCHUS IV. 



43 



No. 



12 
13 
14 

lo 



16 



17 



18 



19 



Weirht 



Metal 
Size 



GS 



63 



54 



Oevkkse 



Reverse 



43-0 1 M -6 



94-5 



36 



46-5 



42 



JE 75 



M -6 



JE -6 



JE -65 



Similar ; but beliind, X 



IE -6 



^ -65 (value-mark obscure.) 



C h a 1 k o 1 

I Similar. 
(No. 12 is restruck.) 



[B.M.C., Ph. XII. 3.] 

(in field 1., traces of monogram.) 



(No. 15 is restruok on a piece with insor. BASIAEnX AN I ) 



The following have no marks of value visible. The material is too scanty to admit 

of proper classification. The rounding of the edge is very conspicuous on No. 16, 

hardly visible on No. 18. The other three pieces are serrated. On Nos. 17 and 19 

there is no trace of a hole in the centre of either side, while on No. 20 

a hole is visible on both sides. 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., diademed. 



No inscr. legible. Similar type : in field 
1. and r., monograms; no border visible. 

^ (?) and ISP 



[Plate lxvi. 11.] 



Similar to Nos. 10 ff. ; no value-mark ; Similar to Nos. 10 ff. ; bead and reel 
one end of diadem flies back, the other ■ border, 
falls forward over r. shoulder. [ 

! beneath, throne, H 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEflZ (to r. downwards) 
ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Artemis, wearing short chiton, standing 
to front, with quiver on back, leaning 
with r. on long torch and holding bow 
in lowered 1. ; border of dots. 



[Pla'ie lxvi. 12.] 



Similar type ; bead and reel border. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., do\fn wards) 

Hera, veiled, wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing to front, leaning with r. on 
long sceptre. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XII. 10.] 



G 2 



u 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



jNo. I Weight 



20 



21 



23 



257-4 



24 



Metal 
Size 



Jhj 'o 



Al M 
.R 1-2 



Al 1-2 



'.81 . Al 1-2 



Obverse 



Beveese 



Head of Antioclius IV. (?) r., diademed ; 
border obscure. 



BASIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
A N T I OXO Y (to 1. , downwards) 

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos, in 
usual attitude, holding ari'ow and bow; 
border of dots. 

to 1., outside inscr., palm ; in ex.,/1^* 



B. With Title (®ebs) £Vi</,ai/7;s 



The enthusiasm of Antiochus for the Hellenic gods is loell hioim. In 168 B.C. 

he dedicated the Temple at Jerusalem to the worship of Zeus Olympios. The 

introduction of the type of Zeus on his coins shoios the same teiideruij. 



Silver 



Euboio-Attic Standard 



T e t r a d r a c h. m s 



Idealized head of Antiochus IV. r., dia- 
demed ; stars at ends of diadem, which 
hang straight down behind ; bead and 
reel border. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



BAZIAEHZ 
ANTIOXOY 
GEOY 
ETTI<t)ANOYZ 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back ; he holds on outstretched r. 
Nike v., and leans with 1. ou sceptre; 
both pillars at back of throne are visible ; 
in ex., A 

(monogram doubtful.) 



[Plate lxvi. 13.] 

ex. blank. 



Similar. 



Similar; but only 1. pillar of thrc 
visible. 



Tliis 



iJUI.C, Pl. XI. 8.] 



monogram and symbol should be compared ,vith Xo. 46. 



ANTIOCHUS IV. 



4.') 



No. 



Weight 



25 



26 



62-4 



64-4 



25-4 



28 



29 



118 



116-, 



Metal 
Size 



M -7 



M -7 



M -45 



M -7 



JE -8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Drachms 



Similar head ; no stars visible ; border 
of dots. 



BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 

ANT lOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
ETTI <l>ANOYZ 

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos, in 
usual attitude, with arrow and bow ; 
in ex., monogram. 

[Plate lxvi. 14.] 

I AT (?) (Eni<|) ANOYZ) 



Hemidrachm 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate 
diadem ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY 

GEOY (to 1., downwards) 
Eni<|>AN0YZ 

Aegis, outspread, having in its centre a 
head of Medusa. 



Bronze 

Certainhj tiro, (ind probably three, denominations are represented here. The lack 

of monograms makes the classification into series doubtful. A possible clue is, 

however, afforded by the precise arrangement of the inscription.* 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate 
diadem, one end of which falls forward 
over r. shoulder ; border of dots. 



no border visible. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



BAZIAEHZ 
ANTIOXOY 
eEOY 
Eni<l>ANOYZ 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne, 
holding patera in extended r., and lean- 
ing with I. on sceptre. 



beneath seat, [^ 
[Plate lxvi. 15.] 



* The chief, indeed practically the only point, is the position of ©EOY on Nos. 28 — 3.5 
as compared with Nos. 36 ff. 



46 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



30 



31 



32 
33 
34 



36 
37 
38 



Weight 



60 



405 



107 
92 
89-5 
96 



109-5 
97-5 
81 



Metal 
Size 



M -6 



M -K 



^ -75 

M -8 

M -7 

JE -65 



JE -7 
M - 
M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar ; border obscure. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY 

0EOY (to 1., downwards) 

Eni<l>AN0YZ 

Aegis, outspread, having in the centre a 
head of Medusa. 



IB3I.C., Pl. XII. 7.] 



Simila 



BAZIAEflZ (to p., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY 

GEOY (to I., downwards) 

Eni<l>ANoYZ 

Apollo, naked, seated ]. on omphalos, in 
usual attitude, holding arrow and bow. 



li;.]\I.C., Pl. XII. 9.] 



Similar ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY 

©EOY (to 1., downwards) 

Eni 4>ANoYZ 

Zeus, wearing himatlon, standing 1., 
holding thunderbolt in r., and leaning 
with 1. on long sceptre; at his feet,, 
eagle 1., looking back ; to 1., outside 
mscr., letters or monogram. 



<|)E 

l-p 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XII. 6.] 



Simila 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY 

,-r,.^^^°^ (*° ^'i downwards) 
ETTI<l>ANOYZ 

Similar type ; no eagle. 



[Plate lxvi. 16.] 



ANTIOCHUS IV. 



47 



No. 



43 



44 
45 

46 



Weight 



Mktai. 
Size 



Obvkbse 



Similar type. 



39 


67-5 


^K 


•65 


bead and reel border 


40 


59-5 


.E 


•6 


a )) 


41 


64-5 


.E 


■Go 


border of dots. 


42 


54-5 


.£ 


6 


) J J J 





Kevekse 




B AZ 1 A EflZ (to r. , downwards) 
AN TIOXOY 

GEOY (to 1., downwards) 
Eni<l>ANOYZ 

Apollo, naked, advancing r., holding 
bow in outstretched 1., and with r. 
plucking arrow from quiver. 


1 
[li.M.C, Pc xn. 8.] 



261-3 I /R 1-2 



261-6 
263 

261-7 



C— AVith addition of Title NiKijc^opos 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Tetrad r aclims 



Idealized head of Antiochus IV. r., dia- 1 [B]AZIAEX1Z (to r., downwards) 
demed ; one end of diadem flies out | ANTIOXOY 
behind, while the other falls forward 
over shoulder ; bead and reel border. 



[e]EoYE nKDANoYZ (to!., 

N I K H <l>0 PO Y downwards) 

Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. 
thigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, with arrow and bow; to 1., 
outside insor., palm ; beneath r. hand, 
Z^; in ex., H' ; boi-der of dots. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XL. 3.] 



Similar ; eiid.s of diadem hang down 
straight ; behind, /<^ 



M 1-3 
M 1-2 

JR 115 



BAZIAEflE (to r., downwards) 

ANTIOXOY 

GEOY (to 1., downwards) 

Eni<t>ANoYZ 

NIKH<|)OPoY 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, both pillars of which are 
visible ; he holds in outstretched r. Nike 
r., and leans with 1. on sceptre; to 1., 
outside inscr., palm; in ex., monogram. 

HP (A in inscr.) 



[Plate lxvi. 17.] 
I AT 
[B.M.C., Pl. XI. 7.] 



48 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



50 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



47 


259-1 


.R 1-3 


48 


259-6 


M 1-3 


49 


254-9 


.R 1-15 



253-7 



M 1-2 



51 



/R -75 



Similar, without monogram. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to ]., downwards) 



BAZIAEnZ 

ANTIOXOY 
OEOY 

Eni<f>ANoYZ 

NIKH<l>0P0Y (in ex.) 

Similar type ; Nike 1. ; only 1. pillar 
of back of throne visible ; to 1., outside 
inscr., monogram or letter. 



4^ (0 in inscr.) 

m 

M 

[Plate lxvi. 18. J 



Bearded head of Zeus r., laur. ; bead and Similar, 
reel border. 



place of monogram, off coin ; in inscr. 
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XI. 9.] 



Class II.-8TBUCK IN EGYPT, WITH BOFAL NAME (AND PORTBAITJ 

Antiochus became involved in war will Egypt circa 173 B.C. He succeeded in 
gaimncs control over his young neplew {Ptolemy PJdlometor) and exercising the 
royal power lumself. The Egypt^ans never really acquiesced. Antiochus entered 
on a second campaign of conquest, hut loas compelled to toithdraw his forces at 
the bidding of the Boman Senate (168 B.C.). 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Drachm 



Idealized head of Antiochus IV. r. dia- 
demed ; the ends of the diadem hang 
down straight, and have stars fastened 
to them ; bead and reel border. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 

ANTIOXOY 

®J|°Y (to 1., downwards) 

Eni<l>ANoYZ 

Eagle r., with head erect and wings 
closed, standing upon thunderbolt. 



[Plate lxvi. 19.] 



ANTIOCHl'S IV. 



49 



No. 



AVkight 



JIetal 
Size 



52 



&!': 



.E 13 



53 



137 M 1 



54 



151-5 .E -8 



Obversk 



llKVlCK.SK 



BUONZE 

Tliire dciioiiiinationn are here rnpi-eaentcd. Oalij ou the loircst of these 
is the Iciiufs portrait fonuil. 



Head of Zeus Sarapis r.. laur., and wear- 
ing cap of Osiris ; border of dots. 



Similar to No. 51. 



IB.M.C, Pr,. XII. 11.] 



Bust of Isis r., wearing characteristic 
head-dress and wreath of corn; borrler 
of dots. 



Similar. 



lllJf.C, Pl. xir. 12.] 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate Similar, 
diadem, one end of which flies out 
behind, while the other falls forward 
over shoulder ; border of dots. 



[n.M.C, Pl. XII. 13.] 



56 



125 

80 



M -85 
M -8 



Class III.— S7'ffli7CA' I-V PHOENWIA, WITH ROYAL NAilE AND PORTRAIT 

Bkokze 

Nos. 55 f., which were fovmerly nttribated to Laodicea ad TJlinniuii, have now 
been transferred to Berytns, which at one time hare the name of Laodicea* 
The Phoenician inscription on the jRev. means 'Laodicea in Canaan.' -f Onli/ a 
single denomination is represented here. But in Sidon, at least, there was a 
lonrr one (B.M.C., Pl. XII. 16). 



Berytus 
Similar head ; behind, I ; border of dots 



j,o^yAyv>^>fyA>^Z,^ 



(to ]., 

downwards) 

Poseidon, draped, standing to front; 

he holds patera in r. and trident in 

1.; in field, AA (to r.) and •f' (to !•) ; 
border of dots. 

inscr. partly olf coin. 
[Cf. B.M.a, Pl. XII. 16.] 

* J. Rouvior, in Rev. Num., 1896, pp. 265 ff., 377 ff. 

t See Clermont-Ganneau (Rev. Arch., xxx., 1897, pp. 301 ff.), -n-ho reads W, not Y . (Tlie 
older reading meant ' motiier (metropolis) of Canaan ') The letters and monogiam ( = *oi;'i'«7)s) 
in the field thns represent simply the Greek translation. 

H 



BAZIAEHZ ANTl0X0Y,„Si°^;;^,^,) 



50 



KINGS OF SriilA 



No. 



67 



58 
59 
GO 
6J 
62 



63 
64 
65 
G6 



Weight 



90-5 



13G 
]30 
123 

128 
94 



1245 
141-5 
141-5 



Metal 
Size 



125-5 J'] -85 



M -85 



Ai -75 
A'] -85 
.E -8 
.a -85 

.E -8 



.E -85 
.+J -85 
.E -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



SiJon 



Similar t^-pe ; beliiiid, Z 



ANTIOXOY ^^^'^'''^ Galley lyi^g 



ZlAHNinN 



[Cf. ii..l/.(,'., Pl. xn. 14.] 



(beneath) 



Class IV.—MrNlCIFAL COINAGE, WITH ROYAL PORTRAIT 

Bronze 

The iivmher oj' cities iclddi, at one lime or other, bore names in honour of Aiitiochus 

IS rciiiarkalile. The luiiiilrijjal coinage deseribed below loas struclc in three denomi- 

wttions, the largest of n-hich is rare. If ice may judge by the rahie-nuirks on the 

pieces issued at Xisiljis, the denominations were the telrachalkon, the dirhall.on, and 

tlie chalkoas. ^ On Nus. ."iS S. the classif cation of the groups icithin each 

denomination has been based npon the j^recise division of the legend. 

Jt IS siqiporli'd by the ecidenee of the monograms. 

Aiitioeliia ad Orontem 

The legend on the following alludes to the oracle of Apollo at Daphne, 
fee miles from Antioeh. 



Head of Aiitiochus JV. r., as on No. 57 
border of dots. 



(both ends of diadem fly out behind.) 



Similar. 



ANTI0XEX2N (to r., downwards) 

n POZAA<|)NHI (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, standing to front, 
head 1., holding wreath in outstretched 
1'.; iu field, outside inscr., monograms 
or letters. 

3 to 1. 

M to 1. 

•t^ to 1 

C^ to 1. ; AB to r. 

\^ to 1., AB to 1-.; beneath RT , 
omphalos; A and H in inscr. 

Similar, with TTP 0ZAA<1>NHI 

no monograms or letters. 
I^ to 1. ; AB (?) to r. 
» to 1. ; fse to r. 



» to 1.; AB to p.; 12 in inscr. 
[Cf. n.M.C, Pl. xm. 1.] 



AXTIOCHUS IV 



51 



No. I W'Einirr 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Ueverse 



67 



127 .E 



Similar. 



Similar, with TTPO ZAA<t)N[HI] 

[?] to 1. ; If to r. 



The foIhiwiiKj are of one half of the value of those that precede. 



G8 



69 



70 
71 
72 



73 

74. 



41 



65 



127 



Similar. 



JE -6 
O:. -E -65 



JE -65 
.E -6 
65 ^ -6 



59 I Ai -65 



M -65 



.E -9 



Similai'. 



Similar, with TT PoZAA<|>NHI 

to I., 3, beneath a trijjod. 
[Plate i.xvi. 20.] 

to ]., AA, beneath a tripod. 



Similar, with nP OZAA<l>NHI 

to 1., tripod. 

to 1., pSy , beneath a tripod; to r., [?]. 

to I., p!\[, above a tripod; to r., yOfi 
■O. in inscr. 



Laodicea ad Mare 



Bust of AntiochiTS TV. r., diademed and 
draped ; border of dots. 



[AAoJAIKEnNTQN .JZ^^;,,^ 



[nPoZ]OA AAZZHI 



(to 1., 
downwards) 
Poseidon, draped, standing 1., holding 
dolphin on extended r., and leaning 
with 1. on trident. 



(nPoZO AAAZZHI) 

[C'f. B.M.C., Pl. xiir. 6] 



Seleucis in Pieria 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., wearing radiate 
diadem, one end of which flies out 
behind, while the other falls forward 
over r. shoulder ; border of dots. 



ZEAEYKEHN 



(to r., downwards) 



THN 

EMTTIEPIAI (to 1., downwards) 

Thunderbolt, winged ; to 1. and r., 
outside inscr., monograms ; all within 
wreath. 



Qt and t?P 

[Plate lxvi. 21.] 



52 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



7G 



7S 



7<J 



Weight 



89- 



66 



Uktal 
Size 



207 



174 



80 lOG-S 



84 



Ai -7 



/E 



.K J 



yE -9 



JE -S 



I 81 : 99 A<] ■'.>:, 



iE -8 



Obyekse 



Rkversb; 



Tripolis 



Heads r., jugate, of Antioclius IV., wear- 
ing radiate diadem, and liis queen, 
■wearing stephane ; border of dots. 



T PinoAITflN (from 1., upwards) 
The Dioskoui'oi, on horseback, gallop- 
ing r., with spears and flying chlamydes; 
beneath, date. 



B.C.] 



2MP [=16,^ 
[Plate lxvi. 22,] 

no date visible ; inscr. continuous. 

Ace-Ptolemais 



Head of Antiochus IV. r., ^veariug radiate 
diadem, as on No, 75 ; border obscure. 



A N T I OX E 12 N (to r. , downwards) 

TUN (to 1., 

EN TTToAEMAl[AI] downwards) 
I Zeus, draped, standing to front, head 
i ]., holding wreath in extended r. 

I to 1. and r., outside inscr., 171 and MY 
[Cf. BJLC, Pl. XIII. 2.] 

Nisibis 

Tetrachalkon 
A 

Smnlar type ; behind, X ; border of dots. \ ANTI OXEHN (to r., downwards) 

ENMYfAONIAI (^o l- 'Jownwards) 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. ; he 
holds in r. eagle r., and leans with 1. 
on sceptre. 



to 1., Al ; to r., |VE ; in ex., ©£ 
[Cf, J}.21.('., Pl. xni. 7.] 



Edessa 



Similar; no mark of value. 



A N T I OX En N (to r , , downwards) 

ETTIK AAAfPoHl (*° ^ > c'o^nwards) 
Zeus, wearing himation, standing ] • 
he holds m r. eagle r., and leans with 
1. on long sceptre ; to ]., outside inscr 
monograms or letters. ' 



[Jl.M.C, Pl. XIII. 3.] 



ANTIOCHIJS IV.— ANTIOCHUS V. 



53 



No. Weight 



85 



Size 



83 79-5 ; Ji. S: 



84 92 -5 ' ^V. -75 



2641 

260-9 
262-3 



.E -75 



Obverse 



86 i 44-5 .-E -G 

87 I 45 ; Al, -65 



.R 1-3 

M 11 
Al 115 



Kevebse 



Similar. Similar; with ETTIKA AAIPOHI 

ceo 

(No. 83 is double-struck.) 

The foUowinij are one lialf the value of those that jjreeede. 
Similar. Similar. 

. ca 



ANTIOCHUS V. (EUPATOR) 
Circa 170 B.C. 

The folio iring piecex iruiij hare been atrnrlc in honour of the eoiiferring of the title 

BaaiAtu's on Antiochiin T. He is hnoirn to have attained to this distinction as early 

as 170 B.C., that is, hij the time he loas three years old* 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Te t r adracliins 

Head of young Antiochus r., diademed ; ^ BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 
bead and reel border. ANTI OXOY (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. 
tbigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, with arrow and bow ; to 1., 
outside insor., tripod; in ex., letter or 
monogram. 

hP 

(No. 1 has a slightly bevelled edge.) 

[Plate lxvii. 1.] 

/? (ANT I OXOY) 

B 

[ll.M.C, Pl. vm. 1,] 

* See J.H.8., vol. xxiii., pp. Ill ff. 



KINGS OP SrBIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



258-3 



251-2 



.R 1-25 



Al 1-1 



59-1 



A\ -7 



CV; 



164—162 B.C. 



AnflocliHS V. was hut. nine years old when Ms father died. His short reign 
iBas brought to an end by the arrival in Syria of his cousin Demetrius [son 
of Seleucns IV.) loho had escaped from Home, and loho speedily established his 
claim to the throne. As Antioclins ii-as hilled before he loas twelve years of age, 
the head on the following coins can hardly be a true portrait. 

Silver 
Euboic-Attic Standard 
Te tra drachms 



Head of Antiochns "\ 
and reel border. 



r., diademed ; bead 



(Xo. 



BAZIAEX2Z (to r., downwards) 
ANTIOXOY (to 1., downwards) 
EYHATOPOZ (in ex) 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
without back; lie holds in r. Nike L, 
and leans with 1. on sceptre; to 1., 
outside inscr., 1 1 1 



Similar tyjae ; border of dots. 



4 is pierced.) 

[JS.M.C, Pl. xm. 12.] 

Drachm 

I Similar. 

[Plate lxvii. 2.] 



DEMETRIUS I. (SOTER) 

('/■/-(•,( 1G2— 150 B.C. 
//( njfite of the circumstances under which it had been made good, the claim 
of DcLictriits to the crown was recognized by the llomans. He was a ruler 
of mahuhled capacity; but he made himself so impopular both with his own 
snb/ects and with his neighbours that ready .support was given to a pretended 
sou of Epiphaurs, Alexander Bala, when he raised the standard of revolt 
against him. In the decisive engagement Demetrius was slain. 

Class l.—ORDINAUY REGAL COINS 
A. With Title BatriAeu's only 

Silver 
Euboic-Attic Standard 

T e t r a d r a c h m s 



Head of Demetrius I. r., diademed ; bead 
and reel border. 



25M-S .R 1-2 



BASIAEX2Z (to v., downwards) 

[A] H M HTPI [OY] (to 1., downwards) 
lyche, draped, seated ]. on throne with- 
out back ; she holds short sceptre in r 
and coniQcopiae in ].; to r., outside 
inscr., A ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxvii. 3.] 



DEJ[ETR1US I. 



Xo. , Weight 



2-17-7 



251- 



Metal 
Size 



.R 1-3 



A\ 1-2 



M 1-3 



5 253 -R 1-3 



6 255 3 .R 1-3 



253-5 .R 1-2 



210i 



jE 11 



2E 1 



DjlVKRSK 



Similar type; wreath border. 



Reverse 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 

AHMH TPIOY (toL, downwards) 
Similar type ; back leg of throne has 
form of (female ?) winged figure, body 
of which ends in two scrolls ; to 1., 
outside insor., monogram; no border. 



Ai 



(Xo. 2 is pierced.) 



/^l (AHMHTPIOY) 

m 



llt.M.C, Fl. XIV. 2.] 



Similar. 



Similar, with AH MHTPI OY ; monogr. 
in ex. 



[Plate lxvii. 4.] 
hP 



Similar. 



Head of Apollo r., laiir., with long locks ; 
over shoulder, bow and quivei' ; border 
of dots. 



B AZ I A EnZ (to r. , downwards) 

AHMHTPloY (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes with three handles ; over 
the top is laid a fillet. 



[Il.M.C, Pl. XXI. 13.] 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
AHMHTPIOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type; to 1., outside inscr., pfj, 
with aplustre beneath ; to r., outside 
inscr., p^ ; in ex., club 1. 



Bronze 



The folloiciiiij series consists of three denominatious, each of the two higher of u-hich 
is (IoiiIjIk theireiijht of the one immediately henenth it. The edges of the coins are 
serrated, and, irith the c.rrejilion of No. 15, all have a small hole in the centre i 

0)1, both sides. 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



10 

11 

12 



13 

14 
15 



16 



Weight 



128 
119 

104 



62 
57-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -S 
M -75 
M -75 



-^ -65 
^ -6 



JE -6 



Obverse 



Revebse 



Bust of Artemis r., draped, and wearing 
stepliaiie ; quiver at shoulder ; border 
of dots. 



■ BASIAEflZ (to r., downwards) 
AHMHTPI OY (to 1., downwards) 
Quiver and bow, side bj side, upright. 



[BJLC, Pl. XXI. 14.] 



Head of bridled horse 1. ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 
AHMHTPIOY (beneath) 

Head of elephant r., with uplifted 
trunk. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XIV. l.",.] 

The folloiohg piece has a smooth edge. It forms part of a much more uncommon 
series, with types similar to the preceding, hut not serrated, and apparently 
only about half the weight .* 



Bust of Artemis r.. as on No. 10. 



BAZIAEnZ (to r., downwards) 
AH M HTPI OY (to 1., downwards) 
Quiver and bow, as on No. 10. 



[Plate lxvii. 5.] 



17 ! 249-G 



.R 1-3 



B. With Title 2o)T7;p 

The Babylonians bestowed on Lenietrins the title ■^o.rrip when he delirered them from 

the tyranny of the reoolted satrap Tnnarchus {circa 160 B.C.), icho had set himself 

up as an independent ruler. The dates on Nos. 18 ff. are 

reclioned from the Seleucid Era. 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Tetra drachms 



Plead of Demetrius 1. r., diademed ; all 
within wreath. 



BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 
AHMH TPIOY ,, , , 

XriTHPOZ "° ' '^O'^^'i^wards) 

Tyche seated 1. with sceptre and cornu- 
copiae, as on Nos. 2 if. ; to 1., outside 
insor., /M (?) ; wreath border. 

(No. 17 is pierced.) 

* Tbere is a piece similar to No. 16 at Paris (Babelon, Sois de Sm-ie v 93 No '7^0^ „r,.i 



DEMETRIUS I. 



57 



No. 



18 
19 

20 
21 



22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

27 
28 



29 



Weight 



25-i-2 
256-8 

256-8 
255-2 



61-3 
62-5 
59-5 
59-4 
62-4 

62-8 
60-5 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-2 

JR 1-3 

M 1-2 

M 1-15 



55-3 



VOL. in. 



M -8 

^ -7 

M -7 

^ -65 

^ -7 

^ -7 
^ -7 



M -75 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



(style different ; one end of diadem flies 
out behind.) 



[Plate 



Similar, with £2 ; to 1., ^ -with a second 
monogram beneath it ; in ex. , date. 

|-P and HNP [=154 B.C.] 

A| and eNP [=153 B.C.] (style dif- 
ferent) . 

„ andAZP[ = 15lB.u.](ZnTHP0Z) 
rft and BEP [=150 B.C.] 

LXVll. 6.] 



Drachms 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., down-tt'ards) 

AHMHTPloY 
ZHTH POZ 

Comncopiae 1. ; beneath bend, H* ; 
varying monogram, and date. 



(to 1., do-wn-wards) 



AJ and 0NP [=153 B.C.] (12 in inscr. 

„ and ZP [ = 152 B.C.] 

hf and HP [=152 B.C.] 

/jM and AEP [=151 B.C.] 

If and AEP [=151 B.C.] 
[Plate lxvii. 7.] 

^ and AEP [=151 B.C.] 
t&l and AEP [=161 B.C.] 



Barbarous imitation of preceding. 



B AZ I A EflZ (to r. , downwards) 

[ ]A/ITPIV (to 1., downwards) 
[ ]POZ ^ 

Barbarous imitation of preceding ; type 
r. ; no letters or monograms visible. 



(No. 29 is pierced.) 



58 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revekse 



30 



55-5 



M -6 



31 
32 



103 

98-5 



M -76 



M -8 



33 



86 



M -7 



Bronze 

The following is the lowest of a series of three denomiiiatioits, each of loliicli lias an 

animaVs head as type on both sides. For the higher denominations, see B.M.C, 

Pl. XIV. 12 f. There exists another series of four denominations, e.ich of which 

has a head of the king as Oho. type.* 



Head of griffin 1. ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ 
AHMHTPIOY 
[ZnTHPoZ] 

Head of stag r. 



(above) 
(beneath) 



IB.M.C, Pl. XIV. 14.] 

Class ll.—STBVCK IN PHOENICIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND PORTRAIT 

Bronzis 
Sidon 

The two following represent the same denomination, hit lelong to different series. 

A lower denomination will he found in B.M.C, Pl. xiv. 8, which probably 

belongs to the second of the two series.-f 



Head of Demetrius I. r., diademed; border 
of dots. 



behind head, AN 



behind head, traces of letters. 



BAZIAEilZ , , , 



ZlAflNinN 

Galley lying 1. ; border of dots. 



(beneath) 



[Plate lxvu. 8.] 



BAZIAEnZ AHMHTPIOY [ZIAH 

NinN] (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Demetrius I. r., diademed ; 
border of dots. 



Rudder 1. 



(above) 
(beneath) 



* See Imhoof-Bluraer, Vonn. grecq., p. 432. 

t The series represented by Nos. 31 f. appears to be, on tbe average, slightlv heavier than 



DEMETRIUS I.— ALEXANDER I. 



59 



No. 


Weight 


Mktal 
Size 


Obverse 


Keversb 








Tyre 








Head of Denieti ius I. r., diademed ; bead 
and reel border. 


AHMHTPIOY ^""^"^^^ 

TYPIHN ,. ,,, 

1 (beneath) 

Stern of galley lying 1. ; beneath king's 
name, date; border of dots. 


34 


100 


M -75 




LANP [=158 B.C.] 


35 


85-5 


JE -75 




LANP [=158 B.C.] 


36 


12-2-5 


M -85 




LHNP [=154 B.C.] 


37 


113-5 


JE -S 




LHNP [=154 B.C.] 








IB.M.C, Pl. XIV. 7.] 


38 


112 


M -75 




LGNP [ = 153 B.C.] 


39 


78 


JE -75 




LGNP [ = 153 B.C.] 








ALEXANDER I. (BALA) 








Circa 150—145 B.C. 








Alexander Jinlu teas a pretender who professed to he a son of Antioclius Epiplumes. 

Supported by Attains 11. and Ptolemy Fliilometor, he succeeded in wresting the 

throne from Demetrius I. lie gave himself up to dehatichery, and was easily 

overthrown by Demetrius II. His titles are used chiefly on the larger 

denominations of silver. 








Class l.—OUBmARY REGAL COINS 








Silver 








Euboic- Attic Standard 








T 6 t r a d r a c h m s 








Head of Alexander I. r., diademed ; bead 
and reel border. 


[0] Eon ATOPOZ (to 1., downwards) 
[EY]E..ET0Y ^ ^ 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
■with back ; he holds on extended r. 
wreath-bearing Nike r., and leans with 
]. on sceptre. 


1 


249-4 


yR 1-25 




in ex., A 








[Plate lxvii. 9.] 










I 2 



60 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



10 



11 

12 



Weight 



Metal 

SlZH 



247-i 
228 



60-3 



63-9 

58-4 
57-6 



62-3 
60-4 



64-7 



61-7 
61-4 



M 1-25 
Al 1-15 



M -7 



M -7 
M -65 

M -7 



M -7 
M -7 



M -7 



M -7 
JR. '65 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar ; head larger. Similar, with A and £2 in inscr. ; style 

inferior ; throne •without back ; beneath 
r. hand, monogram ; in ex., date and 
a second monogram. 

4^ AHP [ = 148 B.C.] ^ (?) 

A qHP [ = 146 B.C.] A (?) 

(A considerable portion of No. 3 is broken off, and the inscr., which is blundered 
(OEOTTATOPZ), is partly off the flan.) 



Drachms 



Head of Alexander I. r., diademed ; border 
of dots. 



(to r., downwards) 
, (to 1., downwards) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



BASIAEQZ 
AAEZANAPoY 
GEonAToPoZ 
KAI EYEPfEToY 

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos in 
usual attitude, with arrow and bow. 

Q. doubtful. 
Plate lxvii. 10.] 



Similar, with GEOflA TOPOl! 
EYEPr ETOY 

in ex., ^ A 

in ex., TaT 

to 1., outside inscr., .^ ; H in inscr. 

Similar, with GEOflA TO PoS 
EYEP TEToY 

in ex., ^ 

in ex., doubtful monogram. 



Similar, with ©EOTT ATOPOZ 
EYEPfEToY 



Similar. 



to 1., ^ ; in ex., 1^ 



Similar, with ©EoTT ATOPOZ 

EYEP TETOY 

m ex., ^ 

in ex., lag l-T 



ALEXANDER I. 



61 



No. 



Wkight 



13 
14 



64-6 
69-2 



15 62-5 



16 



62-4 



17 



28-9 



18 



29-5 



19 



92 



Metal 
Size 



-R -7 

M -7 



.R -7 



.R -7 



41 -5 



M -5 



M -75 



Obverse 



Simila 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Similar, witk 0EO TTATOPOj 
EYE PrEToY 

to 1., doubtful monogram ; in ex,, W 
to 1. and in ex., doubtful monograms. 



Similar, with 



OEonAToPoZ 
EYEPrETOY 



in ex., rZP [=149 B.C.] 
[B.M.C, Pl. XVI. 2.] 

I to 1., cornucopiae ; in ex., doubtful date. 

H emi dr a ohms 



Head of Alexander I. r., wearing radiate 
diadem ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



BAZIAEIiS (to r., downwards) 
AAEEA NAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing ]., looking along 
arrow whicb he holds point downwards 
in r., and leaning with 1. on bow. 

beneath r. hand, p) (?) 



Similar, with AAEZ ANAPOY and 12 

to 1., outside inscr,, cornucopiae. 
[Plate lxvii. 11.] 

Beonze 

No. 19 is remarlcable for the title loMch is there given to the king* Nos. 20 — 32 
have Apolline types. Three denominations are represented, but it is difficult to trace 
a connection hetioeen them, except perhaps through the symbol on Nos. 30 f. and 32. t 
Although all have smooth edges, Nos. 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31 have the small central 
hole lohich is usually associated loith serrated coins. 



Head of Alexander I. r., diademed ; 
of dots. 



(to 1., upwards) 



border BAZIAEI2Z 

AAEZANAPOY 

E Y n ATO P OZ (? to r. , upwards) 
Athena Alkis standing r., holding shield 
in extended I. and brandishing thunder- 
bolt in raised r. ; border of dots. 



* M. Babelon (Kois Ae Syrie, pp. cxxiv. f.) doubts the reading of the corresponding London 
piece (B.M.C., p. 54, No. 33). Bat the letters are perfectly distinct. They are more uncertain 
on the Hunter specimen, which is from' a different die. 

■j- No. 32, however, may belong to Alexander Zebina. The portrait is not decisive. 



62 



KINGS OF SYEIA 



No. 



20 



Weight 



125 



99 

84 
103 

87 

61 



87-5 
100 5 



75-5 



85-0 
79-5 



Metal 
Size 



^ -75 



JE -7 



M -8 
M -75 
M -75 



JE -7 



M 75 
^ -7 
^ -75 



yE -85 



JE -75 
^ -7 



Obverse 



Eevekse 



Head of Alexander I. r., diademed ; border 
of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 

[A] AEEA NAPOY (to L, downwards) 
Apollo, naked, seated 1. on ompbalos 
in usual attitude, with arrow and bow. 



[BJI.C, Pl. XVI. 5.] 



Head of Alexander I. r., wearing lion's 
skin ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar 



BAZIAEQZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEZ ANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along 
arrow wbicli he holds in r., and leaning 
with 1. on bow. 



Similar; to 1., outside inscr., palm-branch. 

in ex., A(?)Y 

ex. off coin. 

to r., outside iuscr., 2S E (AAE HAN 
APoY) 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XVI. 10.] 

in ex., ^(?) ; 12 



Similar ; but to 1., trident. 

in ex., {S] ; beneath Apollo's r., J? (?) 



m ex., , 
in ex., ^ 

(No. 28 is restruck.) 



Similar ; but to 1., cornucopiae. 
in ex., [S] 

Similar ; but to 1., star, 
(n in inscr.) 



ALEXANDER I. 



63 



No. 



Weight 



32 



33 
34 
35 
36 
37 

38 
39 
40 
41 

42 



43 

44 
45 



45-5 



Metal 

SiZK 



Obverse 



.E -6 



89-5 


83-5 


98-5 


96-5 


85 


78-5 


87-5 


91-5 


98-5 


87 


46-5 


43 


42-5 


-' ' 



M -7 

M -65 

IE -75 

M -7 

M -7 

M -76 
M -75 
M -75 
M -7 
M -8 



M -6 

M -55 
M -55 



Head of Alexander I.(?) r., wearing 
crested helmet ; border of dots. 



Reverse 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEHANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes, with holmos ; fillet hangs 
down on either side; in ex., star; 
border of dots. 



[Plate lxvii. 12.] 



Tlie monogram r^ or /^ forms a linlc of union between tJie three denominations 
represented hij Nos. 33 — 46. All may belong to one series. Manij have 
the central hole referred to above. 



Head of Alexander 1. r., wearing crested 
helmet ; border of dots. 



BAIEIAEUX (to r. downwards) 
AAEZANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Nike 1., holding palm in 1., and with r. 
placing wreath on the king's name ; to 
1., outside inscr., ear of corn, and, inside 
inscr., monogram or letter. 

/^ (no symbol) 

(no monogisim) 



[B.M.C, Pl. XVI. 11.] 

,, in ex., N 
B ; in ex., N 
B ; ex. off coin. 



Head of young Dionysos r., wreathed with 
ivy ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ (above) 

AAEHANAPOY (beneath) 

Elephant advancing 1., with lowered 
trunk ; behind, monogi-am. 



^ 



[JJ.ill.C, Pl. XVI. 13.] 



^ 



64 



KINGS OF STEIA 



No. 



46 



47 



48 



49 



50 
51 

52 



53 



Weight 



32 



114 



137 



82-5 



60 
69 
65-5 



126 



Metal 
Size 



JE -5 



M -8 



M -8 



^ -8 



M -65 
M -65 
M -6-) 



^ -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Aegis ornamented with head of Gorgon ; 
border of dots. 



BASIAEHZ (above) 

AAEZANA[POY] (beneath) 

Pegasos, flying r. ; beneath, monogram. 



[Plate lxyii. 13.] 
No. 47, lohtch has a smooth edge and no central hole, appears to stand by itself. 



Head of Alexander 1. r , wearing radiate 
diadem ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEX2E (to r., downwards) 
[AA]EEANAP[oY] (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne with back, holding in r. eagle 
r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre. 

[Plate lxvii. 14.] 

The following have all a serrated edge, generally with a small central hole.* They 
are here arranged tentatively in two series, each represented by tioo denominations. 



Head of Alexander I. r., diademed ; border 
of dots. 



BASIAEIIS (to r., downwards) 
AAEEANA[PoY] (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, seated as above, holding eagle ; 
throne, which is without back, rests on 
anchor r. 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XVI. 6.] 



Similar. 



BAZIAEnZ (above) 
AAEZANAPOY (beneath) 
Prow of galley 1. 



to r., traces of symbol or monogram. 

[Plate lxvii. 15.] 



Similar. 



BASIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEZANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Athena wearing crested helmet and long 
chiton, standing 1., holding, on extended 
r., wreath-bearing Nike r., and leaning 
with 1. on shield, behind which stands 
spear; beneath r. hand, monograms or 
letters, one above another. 

K, star, and A 



artJciln^tfottd'^^nfr^Lrdtd^^"^*^'- ^""^ ^^^ '^'^^ ^^^^ '"^^ appearance of having been. 



ALEXAND]<]R I. 



65 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 


54 


1-26-5 


m -85 




K lAB 


55 


139-5 


M -85 




„ 1^ 


56 


102 


.E -8 




11 51 


57 


1-22 


JE -7 




11 11 


58 


117-5 


JE -75 


[Cf. B.M.C., 
Similar. 


]f^ ; in ex., traces of monogram. 
Pl. XVI. 7.] 

BAZIAEQ.Z (to r., downwards) 
AAEEANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Owl, standing, three-quarter face to- 
wards r. 


59 


52 


JE -65 




in ex., traces of letters or monograms. 








Class ll.—STRVOK IN PHOENIOIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND PORTRAIT 




' 




The ifisiie of silver coins with the Ptolemaic eagle as a type points to the increasing 

closeness of the relations between Syria and Egypt. Ptolemy Philometor had given 

his daughter Cleopatra in marriage to Alexander Bala, and had supported him in 

his struggle for the crown. The dates are Sclencid. 








Silver 








Phoenician Standard 








Tet.radraclims 








Sidon 








Head of Alexander I. r., diademed; 
border of dots. 


AAEZANAPOY BAZIAEIIZ 

(from 1., npwai'ds) 
Eagle standing 1., with palm-branch 
behind it; in field r., ZIAH and 
aplnstre ; in field 1., EZP [ = 147 B.C.] ; 
border of dots. 


60 


210-3 


,R 105 


[Plate lx 


VII. 16.] 








Tyre 








Head oE Alexander I. r., diademed; 
chlamys about neck ; border of dots. 


Similar ; but eagle stands on beak of 
giiUey, while in field r. is 9ZP [=146 
B.C.] and Pp , and in field 1. -^ on 
top of club. 


61 


215-8 


M 1 




A in inscr. 



66 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



Ko. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Oeveksb 


Reverse 








Beonze 








Sidon 








Head of Alexander I. r., diademed ; border 
of dots. 


AAEHANAPOY (^^°^") 
/ (beneatli) 


62 


103-5 


^ -75 




Galley 1. 








[ll.M.C., Pl. XVI. 4.] 








Class lU.-MVNIClPAL COINAGE, WITH ROYAL PORTRAIT 








Bronze 








All the pieces catalogued here belong to one denomination. But there loas also a 

lower denomination, with different rererse type, at least at Cijrrlms (B.M.C., 

Pl. XVI. 15) and at Laodicea ad Mare (B.M.C., Pi,, xvil. 4, as compared 

with Pl. xvii. 3).* 








Cyrrhus 








Head of Alexander I. r., diademed. 


KYPPHZTUN (to r., downwards) 
Zeus, standing to front, head 1., holding 
wreath in outstretched r. ; he wears 
himation which leaves r. breast and 
shoulder bare ; at his feet, owl facing ; 
to 1., AHP [ = 158 B.C.] (downwards), 
and monogram. 


G3 


88 


M -8 


border of dots. 


^ 


04 


118 


M -8 


bead and reel border. 

[Cf. B.M.G., 


y\ ; and in ex., H (?) 
Pl. XVI. 14.] 








Antiocli 








Similar type ; border of dots. 


A NTIOXEflN (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type; no owl; to r., PHP 
[ = 159 B.C.] (downwards). ~ 


65 


117 


M -8 




to 1., outside inscr., p^ 


66 


1055 


M -85 




as preceding. 








[Cf. Ji. M.c'fl. xvii. 1.] 








* The pieces of Selencia appear to be consid 
two British Museum specimens weighing 20C 
evidence of a heavier set having been" stru 
No. 921). 


erably heavier than those of the other towns, the 

and 160-5 grains respectivelv. There is also 

ok at Apamea (Babelon, Rois' de Syrie, p. 118, 



ALEXANDER I.— DEMETEIDS II. 



67 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Revkr,se 








Apamea 








Similar. 


ATTAMEnN (to r., downwards) 

Zeus, clad in himation, standing ]., 
holding crested helmet in outstretohed 
r., and leaning -with. 1. on long sceptre ; 
to 1., r£P [=159 B.C.] (downwards), 

and§ 


67 


116 


Ai -8 












IB.M.C, Pl. XVII. 2.] 

i 


68 


110-5 


M -85 




countermark, palm-brancli. 




i 




DEMETRIUS II. (NICATOR) 




1 




First Ri'igu [circa 146—140 B.C.) 








Dciiwfrins II., son of De.nelrius I., landed in G'dicia in 147 B.C., to make good Jiis 
claim to the crown. The type of the Rev., as well as the letters on the Obv., 
of Nos. 1 and 2 show that they loere struck at Mnlliis. Alexander Bala, who 
had alienated his Egyptian ally, -was defeated and slain hy Deinetrivs and Ptolemy 
in 146 B.C., when Ptolemy was also mortally wounded. Demetrius had great difficulty 
in maintaining his position owing to internal and external troubles. In 140 B.C. he 
was made prisoner by the Parthians under Mithradates I. 








Class l. — OKBINARY REGAL COINS 








Silver 








Eaboic- Attic Standard 








Tet r adrachms 








Youthful head of Demetrius II. r., dia- 
demed ; bead and reel border. 


BAZIAEflZ (L down wards'! 

AHMHTPIOY (to r., aownwarasj 

Athena Magarsis, helmeted and wearing 
long chiton and aegis, standing to front 
on low pedestal, holding long sceptre in 
r. ; behind lier shoulders are two rosettes, 
•while she seems to wea]-, in form 
of a cloak, an aegis fringed with 
snakes ; to 1. of pedestal, <^ , and to 


1 


260-3 


M 1-25 


behind head, MAA 


eight snakes visible on each side. 








[Plate lxvii. 17.] 


2 


249-9 


M 1-2 


behind head, M 


seven snakes visible on each side. 



K 2 



68 



KINGS OF SYEIA 




Weight 



259 



01 1 



61-3 



207-5 



Metat, 
Size 



M 1-15 



M -8 



JR -7 



JE -95 



Obverse 



Youthful Lead of Demetrius II. 
denied ; all within wreath. 



Reverse 



(to r., downwards) 



dia- BAZIAEHZ 
AHMHTPIOY 

OEOY 

<|>IAA AEA<|)OY (lo 1., downwards) 

[NIJKATOPOZ 

Apollo, naked but for drapery over r. 
thigh, seated 1. on omphalos, in usual 
attitude, with arrow and bow ; beneath 
r. hand, [^ ; between feet, H 

in ex., HZP [ = H4 B.C.] 
[Plate lxvii. 18.] 



Drachms 
Similar type ; bead and reel border. Similar, with /S and rn 

in ex., HEP [=144 B.C.] 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Similar, with 



<I>IAAA EA<|>oY, 



NIKAT opoz 

monograms in field ; to 1., outside inscr., 
star. 

in ex., traces of letters or monograms. 



Bronze 

The proper classification of the numerous bronze series of Demetrius II. is a matter 
cf difficidtij. Where there is no date, it is not easy to decide to which of his tiDO 
reigns any one set shoidd he assigned, although the portrait often furnishes an 
indication. Xos. 6 — 15 are all of somewhat similar fabric, and all have the 
central hole. It is doubtful whether No. 6 is connected loith the others. But 
Nos. 7 — 9 and Nos. 10 — 14 are clearly a higher and lower denomination of one 
series.'* Of this scries there loere at least two different issues, one being dated. 
The higher denomination of the dated issue is not represented here. 



Youthful head of Demetrius II. r. 
denied. 



dia- 



BAZIAEnS n A ^ ^ 

A H M H T P I oY *■ ' 'io'^'n^vai'ds) 



GEOY 
A<|)OY 



(to 1., downwards) 



Artemis, wearing short chiton and 
endromides, standing to front, head 1., 
leaning with r. on long torch, and holding 
strung bow in 1. ; behind 1. knee, star (?) ; 
in ex., eZP [=143 B.C.] and ^ (?) 

date doubtful. 
[Plate .lxvii. 19.] 

* Thougt the Huuter specimens afford no illustrative example, there is elsewhere abundant 
evidence of correspondence of date or monogram, e.g. B.M.O., p. 62, Nos. 33 and 38. For a 
somewhat similar series struck during the second reign of Demetrius, see p. 87 f. 



DEMETRIUS II. 



69 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Sizs 



Obverse 



Revebse 



10 



11 

12 
13 
14 
1.5 



16 



lofj-o 
176o 
151 



98-5 

98-5 
107-5 
98-5 
91 



71 



.-E -95 
M -9 
M -9 



M -7 



M -7 

.E -75 

M -7 

M •7."> 



M -7 



Bearded head of Zens r,, laur. ; border of 
dots. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. 
curls ; border of dots. 



hair in formal 



Similar. 



A^HMHTpi?Y (tor., downwards) 

eEoY 

<^ I A A A EA<1>0Y (to 1., downwards) 

NIKAToPoZ 

Athena, helmeted, standing 1., holding 
on extended r. Nike r., and leaning 
with 1. on shield. 

no monogram visible. 
beneath r. arm, lyi 
beneath r, arm, ^ (?) 



Same inacr. Tripod-lebes with holmos ; 
fillets hang down from the sides; to 1., 
inside inscr., monogram. 

4^ (BAZIAEHZ off coin) 



A?fM/rmoY (to -'downwards) 

<|)| AAAEA<l)OY (.. , ' rl„^„™,.rlc\ 
NIKATOPOZ (to 1, clownwaids) 

Tripod-lebes with three handles ; fillets 
hang down from the sides, and each 
handle is decorated with a sprig of 
laurel; to L, inside inscr,, letters or 
monogram; in ex., date, 

5 HEP [=144 B.C.] 

[PtATE LXVll. 20.] 

A (?) HEP [ = 144 B.C.] 

^ ; traces of date, 

A ; traces of date, 

monogram doubtful ; ex, ofi coin. 



Tlwiigh the foUotrliig groups differ from one another in fabric, all lane one feature 

in common: tlicre is no trare of the central hole on either side. The fabric 

of Nos. 17 f. is different from that of No. 16. 



Youthful bead of Demetrius II. r., dia- 
demed : border of dots. 



A^HMHrSof'J] (tor., downwards) 

eEo[Y] 

<|>IAAAEA<|>0[Y] (to 1., downwards) 
NIKATOPOZ 

Seleucid anchor upright ; ring at the 
top 1. 



[Plate lxyii. 21,] 



70 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



17 

18 



19 
20 



21 



22 



Weight 



70-5 
65 



70-5 
85 



91-5 



34 



Metal 
Size 



M -6 



^ -75 
M -7 



^ -7 



M -5 



Obveese 



Reverse 



Similai'. 



A^HMHtS?Y (to -'downwards) 
NIKATOPOZ (to ]., downwards) 
Similar type. 

BAZIAEQZ partly off coin. 



Nos. 19 f. are of rude style and loorlcmansJdp. 



Youthful head of Demetrius II. r., dia- 
demed ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEIIZ (to r., downwards) 

'^mKA^T^plS' (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos, 
in usual attitude, with arrow and 
bow. 

in ex., |-p, branch, and (?) 

ex. off coin. 



[Cf. JiJl/.C, Pl. xvm. 6.] 



The two following pieces are connected hy the general character of their types, no 

less titan by their fabric. It is quite uncertain to -which of the two 

reigns they belong. 



Head of Hermes r., wearing winged dia- 
dem ; border of dels. 



(to r., downwards) 



[baiziaehz 
[ah]mhtpi0y 

[e]EoY 

[<t>l]AAAE A<|)OY (to 1., downwards) 
[NI]KAToPoZ 

Caduceus upright, tied with fillets. 



[Plate lxvii. 23.] 



Young head r., wearing corn- wreath. 



BAZIAEnZ ,. . 

AHMHTPlOY ( ^''■' downwards) 

GEOY 

<l>IAAAEA<l)OY (to 1.. downwards) 
NIKAToPoZ 

Pair of tongs. 



[Plate lxyii. 24.] 



DEMETRIUS II. 



71 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Eevkrse 








Class U.—STRVCK IN PHOENICIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND PORTRAIT 








Silver 








Phoenician Standard 








T e tr a dr aclim 








Sidon 








Bust of young Demetrius II. r., diademed; 
clilamys about neck ; border of dots. 


AHMHTPloY [BASIAEQZ] 

(from 1. upwards) 
Eagle, with closed wings, standing 1. ; 
behind him, a palm-branch ; in field 1. ; 
OP [ = 142 B.C.] and y^; between 


23 


218-3 


Al 1 




legs, P"; in field r., ZIA[n] and 
aplastre ; border of dots. 








[Plate lxviii. 1.] 








Didr aclini 








Tyre 








Similar. 


Similar, but eagle stands on beak of 
galley ; in field 1., "^ on club ; in field 
r., op [ = 142 B.C.] and KK 


24, 


82-9 


M -8 












Beonze 








Tyre 








Head of Demetrius II. r., diademed; 
border of dots. 


BAZIAEQS ,, . 
AHMHTPloY ^"^"^^^ 

TYPinN W^ (beneath) 

Hinder part of galley lying 1. ; beneath 
king's name, date ; border of dots. 










25 


109 


M -75 




LHEP [=144 B.C.] 


26 


83 


M -75 




LHEP [=144 B.C.] 


27 


88'5 


^ •75 




LGiP [=143 B.C.] 


23 


85 


iE -75 




LeZP [=143 B.C.] 


29 


78-5 


^ 75 




LOP [=142 B.C.] 



72 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ANTIOCHUS VI. 
Circa 145—142 b.c. 

Antioclms VI. loas the son of the. usurper Bala, on whose death he fled to Arabia. 
His cause loas espoused by Dioclofus (Tryphon), who had been one of his father's 
chief su.ppiorters, and whose name is possibly to be recognized on Nos. 1 f. and 
Nos. 14 f. With his nssistaiire lie endeavoured to establish his claims to the crown, 
and speedily gained a considerable footing in the kingdom. 



Silver 



Euboic-Attic Standard 



T e t r a d r a c h m s 



Head of Antiochus VI. r., wearing radiate 
diadem ; bead and reel border. 



253-7 



252-7 



M 1-2 



M 1-3 



64-2 

64-8 
61-2 



M -7 

Al -7 
M -7 



(above) 
(beneath) 



BAZIAEQX 

ANTIOXOY 
Eni<l>ANoY2; 
AIONYZOY 

The Dioskouroi, wearing pilei crowned 
with stars, galloping 1. on horseback, 
with couched spears and flying chla- 
niydes; behind, TPY and ZTA, 
with monogram between ; beneath, 
O P [ = 142 B.C.] ; all within wreath of 
oak. 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



[Plate l'xviii. 2.] 
rfl 



Drachms 

BAIIAEnZ ,, ^ 

ANTIOXOY ^ ^'•' downwards) 
Eni<t> ANoYZ ,, , , 
AlON YZOY ^ ' <iownwards) 
Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos 
m nsual attitude, with arrow and bow '• 
between legs, letter or monogram : in 
ex., date. 

K HZP[ = 144B.c.]f!TTI<l)A NOVZ\ 
[Flatb Lxvni. 3.] 



^ HEP [=144 B.C.] 

IAk . -P [-— ?] ; traces of second mono- 
gram above point of arrow. 



ANTIOCHUS VI. 



73 



No. 


Weight 


Met.* I. 
Size 


6 

7 


63-6 
61-4 


Al -75 

M -75 



Obverse 



9 

10 
11 
12 
13 



14 



15 



16 
17 



G2-1 

60-7 

68 

52-7 

65-7 

58-1 



58-.5 



501 



Simila 



26- 1 
24-3 



M -65 

.R -7 

M -7 

(base) 

.R -7 

/R -7 

.il -7 



/R -7 



^l -6 



^ -6 
M -55 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Similar, with STA to r. of date, and 
king's titles divided as on No. 3. 

% and eZP [=143 B.C.] 

A and [.]EP [=?] 



Similai', v\'itb king's titles divided as on 
No. 4. 

X and OP [ = 142 e.g.] 

lAI and OP [ = 142 B.C.] 

[AP and OP [ = 142 B.C.] 

,, and op [ = 142 B.C.] 

<t> and op [ = 142 B.C.] 

no letter or monogram ; oP [=142 B.C.] 



A^NXroxS? ('° ^■•' downwards) 
'I^O^NYZo'y (*°1-> downwards) 
Macedonian helmet, spiked, r., with 
cheek-pieces and straps ; in fi'ont it is 
decorated with a large ibex horn ; 
beneath tip of horn, TPY ; in field r., 
beneath, monogram. 



X 



[Plate lxviii. 4.] 

I* 

[B.M.C., Pl. XIX. 7.] 



Hemidrachms 



BAIIAEQi: (to r., downwards) 
ANT lOXoY (to 1., downwards) 

Apollo, naked, standing r., looking 
along arrow held in r., and leaning 
with 1. on bow. 



(No. 16 is pierced.) 

] (ANTI OXOY) 
IBM.C, Pl. XIX. 4.] 



74 



KlNCxS OF SYRIA 



No. 



19 



20 



22 

23 



Weight 



31-3 



27-7 



27-3 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



21 1 184-5 



129 
103 



M -5 



M -5 



JR -5 



Head of Antiochus VI., wearing radiate 
crown wreathed with ivy; no border 
visible. 



ANTloX?Y (*° ^■' '1°^^^^'^'^^) 

Panther moving 1., r. forepaw raised 
in ex., K 



[Plate lxviii. 6.] 



' Similar type ; no ivy visible ; border of 
dots. 



M -do 



M -85 
M -8 



ANTIOXOY ^^^""^'^ 
EHKDANOYZ .^^ ^^ . 

Panther 1., holding palm in month and 
r. forepaw ; above tail, ZTA 



\B.M.G., Pl. XIX. 5.] 



Beonze 

The Dionijsiac types, viMch appear even on the silver [Nos. 18 ff.) are specially 

characteristic of the bronze coins of Antiochus VI., who, as his titles show, 

claimed right af identification with the wine-god. 



A. Series with Smooth Edges. 

Nos. 21 — 28 include a higher and lower denomination of one series, distinguished 
from that which follows it by the position assigned to the monogram. 



Similar type; border of dots. 



Similar type ; radiate crown wreathed 
with ivy ; border of dots. 



ANTIOXOY *■ '^'■' '^°^^^^a'i"'is) 

Eni<l>ANOYZ ,, 1 ■, ■, V 

AIONYZOY ^ • 'iow^'<^a,i"ds) 

Dionysos, standing 1., holding kan- 
tharos in r., and leaning with 1. on 
thyrsos ; in field 1., beneath, mono- 
gram. 



Same inscr. Kantharos ; in field, beneath, 
to r., a palm-branch, and to 1., mono- 
gram or letters. 

fib 
A! 



ANTIOCHUS VI. 



75 



No. 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



24 

25 
26 

27 
28 



29 
30 
31 
32 
33 



34 



136 

109 
120-5 
125-5 
129-5 



114 
115 

86-5 

92 

07 



45-5 



M -8 

JE -8 
M -8 
M -8 
M -S 



^ -85 
M -7 
JE -7 
JK -65 
M -7 



M -55 



TyT (no palm branch). 
[Pla-je lxviii. 6.] 

£ 
n 

[Plate lxviii. 7.] 



Of the second series, only the denomination corresponding to Nos. 22 ff. is here 

represented. The higher denomination will he found in B.M.C., Pl. xix. 8. 

This series also contains a third denomination, lower than the following.* 



Similar ; no ivy visilile. 



Similar ; kantharos of slightly different 
shape ; monogram or letters beneath, 
instead of to 1. 

rr? 
A P 
A P 

A I 

no letters or monogram visible. 



The following hears no monogram, and helongs to a distinct series.f 



Forepart of panther leaping r. 



[B]AZIAEnZ 

[A]NTI0X0Y 
[E]ni«l>ANoYZ 

[AJIONYZOY 

All within a wreath of ivy. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XIX. 10.] 



* Examples are B.M.C., p. 65, Nos. 33 f., and Babelon, Rois de Syne, p. 133, No. 1129. 

t The first coin from the Pembroke Collection described by Leake, Num. Hellen., p. 29, 
may possibly represent the higher denomination. It weighs 86-5 grains, and has an ivy-wreath 
on Rev. 

L 2 



76 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



35 
36 
37 

38 



39 

40 
41 



42 

43 
44 



Weight 



J 25 

124-5 
124 

121-5 



525 

70 
59-5 



119 

109 
106 



Metal 
Size 



M -9 

M -9 

^ -9 

^ -9 



M -7 

M 7 
M -7 



M -8 

M -8 
m -8 



Obverse 



Revekse 



B. Series with Serrated Edges 

The folloinug scrie.^, ivMcli contains two denominations, is distinguished hy the 
presence of the letters ZTA and a symbol. 



Head of Antiochus VI. r., wearing radiate 
crown wreathed with ivy ; border of 
dots. 



ANTIOXOY ^^^°^^> 



Eni<t>ANoYZ 



(in ex.) 



AIONYZOY 

Elephant advancing L', holding a torch 
in his raised trunk ; in field r., symbol, 
above which, ZTA 



oornucopiae. 

palm-branch. 

palm-branch. 
IB.M.C, Pi,. XIX. 12.] 

star of eight rays. 
[Plate lxviii. 8.] 



Similar; no ivy visible. 



Same inscr. Panther advancing ]., hold- 
ing palm-branch in month and in r. 
forepaw ; in field r., symbol, above 
which, ZTA 



cormicopiae. 
[B.M.C, Pl. XIX. 14.] 

palm-branch (?) 

star of eight rays. 



Kos. 42 ff. are dlstiiu/nislied hy a, monogram instead of hy a symbol. 

There irmiJd appear to be three detiominations, although Nos. 49 f. 

may possibly belong to a different series. 



Similar 
ivy. 



radiate crown intertwined with 



(to 1., downwai'ds) 



BAZIAEnZ ., , , , 

ANTIOXOY ^^° ''■ downwards) 

ETTI<t> ANOYZ 
AION YZOY 

Apollo, naked, standing 1., looking along 
arrow which he holds in r., and leaning 
with 1. arm 'on tripod; to 1., outside 
inscr., monogram. 

monogram doubtful. 
[Plate lxviii. 9.] 

monogram off coin. 



ANTIOCHUS VI.— 'J'RYPHON 



77 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvkrse 



Reveese 



45 
46 

47 
48 



49 

50 



65-5 
52-5 
64-5 
62-5 



56 

64-5 



258-3 



M -7 
M -65 
M -65 
JE -65 



M -65 
M -65 



Al 1-25 



Similar 



Same inscr., with lines unbroken. Nike, 
•standing 1., holding wreath and palm; 
to 1., outside laser., monogram. 



^ (?) 

,, (?) 

monogram off coin. 
[Cf. n.M.C, Pl. XIX. i;5.] 



Similar. 



BAZIAEnZ , , . 

ANTIOXOY ^''^°^^> 

Eni<t>ANoY5: ,.^g^x 
AIONYXOY ^'"^ ^ ■' 
Horse advancing 1., with r. forele 
raised ; in field r., monogram. 



^ 



[Plate lxvui. 10.] 



TRYPHON (DIODOTUS) 

Circa 142—138 B.C. 

Diodoftis (Ti-jipJion) had been instrumental in securing the recognition of Aniiochus VI. 

Before long he caused his protege to he assassinated and seized the crown. In turn 

he luas defeated and capiar.'d by a brother of the exilsd D.nnctrius. 

Silver 

]<]uboic-Attic Standard 

Tetra drachm 



Head of Tryphon r., diadem.ed ; bead and 
reel border. 



[A]YToKPAToPoZ 

(to 1., downwards) 
Richly chased Macedonian helmet with 
spike, check-pieces and straps, 1. ; it is 
deooi'ated with tall ibex-horu ; beneath 
peak, a monogram or letters. 

X 



[Plate lxvlii. 11.] 



78 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



4 
5 
6 



Weight 



Metat, 
Size 



561 

54-6 



82 
81 
92 



82-0 

73-6 
62 



^l -7 

M -7 



M -75 

M -7 
M -7 



M -7 

M -7 
M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Similar type ; no border. 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Dr ach.ms 

Similar. 

rfi 

XP 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pt. XX. 2.] 

Bbonze 

Similar ; but, beneath peak, letters reading 
dov\?nwards ; chasing hardly visible. 

AZ 

AZK 

AZK 

[Plate lxviii. 12.] 

Similar ; but in place of letters, symbol, 
star of eight rays. 
[BJI.C, Pl. XX. 3.] 

caps of the Dioskouroi with stars, 
aplustre. 



ANTIOCHUS VII. 



79 



No. Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ANTIOCHUS VII. (SIDETES) 



Circa 138—129 B.C. 



2-i8-3 .J\ 1-2 



254 



M 1-2 



While Demetrius II. loas a prisoner in Tdrtliia, his younger brother Antiochus came 

forward to claim the throne. He defeated and captured TriipJian, and maintained 

his position as hintj for eleven years. Finallij he fell in a war 

with the Partkians. 



Class I.— OK.DIJfJ.Rr REOAL COINS 

Silver 
Euboic- Attic Standard 

T e t r a d r a c li m s 



Head of Antioclius VII. r., diademed; 
bead and reel border. 



(to r., downvfard.s) 



BAZIAE2Z* 

ANTIOXOY 

EYEP TETOY (to 1., downwards) 
Atbena, wearing crested helmet and long 
cbiton, standing 1. ; slie holds on ex- 
tended r. Nike 1., and leans with 1. on 
shield, adorned with Gorgoneion ; her 
spear is planted in ground behind her ; 
beneath r., letters or monogram ; in ex., 
ATTP [= 131 B.C.] : all within wreath. 

AE 



m 



[Plate lxviii. 13. 



2387 
244-3 



M 115 
M 1-2 



Similar. 



EYEP PETOY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar ; spea-r supported by 1. arm ; 
no date, 

A 



B 

A 



» It is worth noting that while the two dies are different, both exhibit the same variations 
in the form of A, 



80 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. Weigp 



Metal 
Size 



256-7 



252-4 



JR 1-2 



M 1-2 



10 



257G i .R 1-2 



252-7 .R 1-2 



245-9 



242-3 



11 247-9 

j 

12 i 233-5 

13 239 

14 i 237-3 



15 
16 
17 

18 



60-9 
61-4 
62-4 
60-3 



JR 1-25 



M 1-1 



M 1-05 
Apl.l-l 
M 115 

M 105 



/R -65 
M -7 
.-R -7 
M -65 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Reveksb 



Similar, -with , additional monogram or 
letter above shield. 

4^ and A iSZ and V in insor.) 
A 

[Pla'I'e lxviii. 14.] 

\ ^ and O 
A 



Similar, with A in insor. 



A 



and A (V in insor. 



^ and <t> (V iu insor.) 
A 

A and C\ 
A ^ 



(No. 9 is pierced.) 



^ no additional monogram. 



Similar, -with A in insor., and an additional 
letter beneath r. elbow of Athena ; Nike 
stands r., placing wreath on king's title. 

^ A E 
A 

4^ r A 

A 



A 



(Xo. 13 is double-struck.) 



Drachms 



BAZIAEHZ a A .. ^ 

ANTIOXOY ' ^'■' °o^n'<^ards) 

EY EPrETOY (to ]., downwards) 
Nike advancing L, holding wreath in 
extended r., and gathered drapery in 1. ; 
beneath wreath, monogram; beneath tip 
of wing, monogram or letter. 

^ and A(?) 
,, and /^ 

4i and TT (V in insor.) 
[?] and O 

[Plate lxviii. 15.] 



ANTIOCHUS VII. 



81 



No. 



19 



20 



21 
22 



23 

24 
25 

26 

27 
28 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



59-8 



59 



197-5 
173 



190-5 

174-5 
160-5 

150-5 

170 

163-6 



M -7 



M -75 



^ -85 
M -85 



JE -85 



^ 


-9 


M 


-85 


m 


-85 


M 


•95 


m 


■9 



Similar. 



Similar, with EYE PPETOY ; beneath 
wreath, „ ; nothing beneath, tip of 



B 



wmg-. 



Bronze 

JVo. 20 appeals to liare been once plated, and it therefore prohahhj belongs to the 

preceding series* Correspondences of date, monogram and symbol show that 

Nos. 21 — 54 form a series consisting of three denominations, the 

issue of 'wliicli covered several years. 



Similar. 



Forepart of galley r. ; border of dots. 



Similar to Nos. 15 ff. 
gram visible. 



no letter or mono- 



Similar ; but above, caps of Dioskonroi 
with stars. 



ANTI0X?Y (*° "■■' '^°^^^^^'5^) 
EYEPrETOY (to 1., downwards) 
Trident upright, ornamented with two 
dolphins ; to I. of trident, monogram ; 
beneath, date. 

M AOP [ = 138 B.C.] 

as preceding. 



Similar, with Q ; but to 1. of title, 
monogram ; to 1. of trident, symbol. 



?; aplustre; A OP [=138 B.C.] 
[Plate lxviii. 16.] 

4^; crescent r.; AOP [=138 B.C.] 

? ; caps of Dioskoiiroi witb stars (one on 
either side of type) ; AO P [ = 138 B.C.] 

[?]; no symbol visible ; AOP [ = 138 B.C.] 

■pS[ ; cornucopiae; EOP [ = 137 B.C.] 

A ; club downwards ; [?] 
[Plate lxviu. 17.] 



* A specimen which I have seen in the Bodleian Collection, however, did not show 
obvious traces of plating. 

M 



82 



KINGS OF SYEIA 



So. 



29 
30 



31 
32 
33 

34 
35 



36 

37 

38 



39 

40 



41 

42 
43 



Weight 



93-5 
86 



90-5 
93 5 



76 

74 



93 

80 
81 



Metal 
Size 



JE -75 
M -75 



93 


M 


•7 


84 


M 


■7 


94-5 


M 


•75 


9G 


M 


•75 


90-5 


JE 


■7 



84 M -7 



JE -7 
M -7-0 



M ^75 
M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bust of Eros r., winged and 'wearing 
myrtle- wreath; drapery over r. shoulder; 
border of dota. 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar. 



M -75 

M -7 
M -7 



Similar. 



BAZIAEQZ .,„ -I -, , 

ANTIOXOY ^ ' 'lo^^^ards) 

EYEPfETOY (to 1., downwards) 
Head-dress of Isis, formed of horns, 
globe and plumes, with ears of corn ; 
beneath, AOR [ = 138 B.C.] 



above date, star -within crescent, 
above date, crescent. 
[7^.1/. ('., Pl. XX. 11.] 



Similar, but to I. of title, ^ ; beneath, 
EOP [ = 137 B.C.] 



above date, aplustre 1. 



monogram obscure ; to 1., torch (?) 
[Plate lxviii. 18.] 

above date, star (?) 



Similar; but beneath, ^OR [ = 136 B.C.] 

above date, crescent with horns upwards ; 
no monogram visible. 

above date, crescent with horns upwards. 

place of monogram off coin ; above date, 
star. 



Similar, with date loR [=135 e.g.] 

date beneath type ; above date, aplustre 1. 

place of monogram off coin ; date to 1., 
above title ; beneath type, aplustre r. 

Similar, but beneath, QoR [=133 b.c] 
beneath monogram, palm. 

>' J) 

no symbol. 



ANTIOCHUS Vir. 



No. 



Weight 



44 



46 
46 



47 
48 
40 



50 



51 
52 
53 

54 



55 



83 



72-5 



93 



86 
81 
92 



96-6 



45-5 
43-5 
42-5 

48-5 



38-6 



Metal 
Size 



M -7 



.E -7 

jE -7 



M -7 
M -7 
M -7 



M 



M -65 

M -6 

M -7 

M -6 



m -55 



Obvkbse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Head of lion r. ; border of dots. 



Revebsb 



Similar; beneath, TTP [ = 132 B.C.] 

beneath monogram, same monogram 
repeated. 



Similar; beneath, ATTP [=131 B.C.] 

monogram obscure. 

Similar; beneath, BTTP [ = 130 B.C.] 
beneath monogram, palm. 

11 11 

„ club downwards. 

Similar ; date and monogram off coin, 
beneath typ«i, large sfar of eight rays. 



(to r., downwards) 



BAZIAEHZ 

ANTIoXoY 

EYEPrETOY (to 1. downwards) 
Club downwards ; beneath, date. 

EOP [ = 137 B.C.] 

EOP [=137 B.C.] 

EOP [=137 B.C.]; to 1., outside title, /^ 
and aplustre. 

\_B.M.C., Pl. XX. 12.] 

lop [ = 135 B.C.]; to 1., outside title, 
/^ and aplustre. 



The Ohv. iiipe. of the folluiDing coin indicates that it loas minted at Jerusalem, 
ichich Antioclins VII. captured, after a struggle with John Hyrcanus, 

circa 132 B.C. 



Flowering lily ; border of dots. 



EYEPrETOY (to 1., upwards) 
Anchor inverted ; beneath, date. 



AHP [=131 B.C.] 
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XX. 14.] 



M 2 ■ 



8i 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Class ll.—STRVOK IN PHOENWIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND POUTBAIT 

SiLVEK 

Phoenician Standard 

Sidon 
T e t r a d r a c h m 



56 



214-3 



M 11 



57 



218-3 



58 



217-4 



59 
GO 



219-3 
220 



M 1-05 



M 1-1 



M 1-1 
Al 1-1 



Bast of Antiochus VII. r., diademed : 
chlamys about neck ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



ANTIOXOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing I., with wings closed ; 
over r. shoulder, a palm; in field ]., 
date and ^ ; in field r., ZlAfl and 
aplustre ; border of dots. 



[H?]op 
[Cf. B.3I.C., Pl. XX. 4.] 

(No. 56 is pierced.) 

Tyre 
Te t r adrachms 

ANTIOXOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., up-svards) 
Similar type ; eagle stands on beak of 
galley ; over r. shoulder, palm ; in field 
1., I€, and ^ on club; in field r., Af * 
and date ; between legs, monogram or 
letter ; border of dots. 

AOP [ = 138 B.C.] and (Ip 
(No. 57 is pierced.) 



Similar; with p'^^ to 1., and A^ to r. 
90P [=136 B.C.] and f=p 



Similar, with A throughout. 
lop [=135 B.C.] and R 
XOP [=135 B.C.] and Z 



[Plate lxviii. 19.] 



ANTIOCHDS VII. 



No. Weight 



61 



62 



63 



64 



65 



66 



67 



108-4 



108-8 



103-4 



87-5 



48-5 



Metal 
Size 



217-4 .R 11 



219 I M 1-2 



A\ -9 



M -9 



M -8 



Obverse 



Similar. 



^ -75 



Similar. 



M -55 



Similar tyjae. 



Reverse 



TTP [132 B.C.] and fp 



BTTP [ = 130 B.C.] and fp 



B i d r a c h m s 



Similar, with p_ and A't^ 
AOP [=138 B.C.] and2B (?) 



Similar, with „- and AZ 

cjOP [=136 B.C.] and Z 
[Plate lxviii. 20.] 

BTTP [=130 B.C.] and fi 



Bronze 
Sid on 



ZIAI2N0Z 



(to 1., upwards) 



OEAZ 

(tor.) 

Astarte, wearing long chiton, standing 
1. on prow, holding wreath and trophy- 
stand; in field r., TTP [=132 B.C.] 



[Plate lxviii. 21.] 



Head of Antiochns VII. r., diademed ; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ] 

[AN]TloXoY 

ZlAHNIflN 

Galley r., border of dots 



(above) 
(beneath) 



[Plate lxviii. 22.] 



86 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



DEMETRIUS II. 

Second Beign 
Circa 130—125 B.C. 

Wlieii the PartMan Icing found himself hard pressed by Antioclius VII., he freed 
Demetrius II. from captivity, and put him forioard as a rival to his younger 
brother. Demetrius recovered the croivn, hut shortly after^oards quarrelled toith 
Ptolemy (Physcon). Ptolemy brought forioard a neio claimant for the Syrian 
throne, Alexander II. Demetrius was defeated and subsequently assassinated. 
After his return Demetrius began to groio a beard (see Nos. 2.3 f.). On the 
ordinary silver struch subsequent to his restoration he appears fidly bearded, 
while the place of Apollo as a Eev. type is taken by Zeus. 

Class l.—ORmWARY REGAL COINS 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 



Tetradrach.in£ 



Head of Demetrius II. 
wearing flowing beard ; 
border. 



r., diademed, 
bead and reel 



253-4 



M 125 



249-7 



M 1-2 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



BAZIAEQZ 
AHMHTPIOY 

OEOY 
NIKATO PoZ 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
tbrone without back; he holds in ex- 
tended r. wreath- bearing Nike 1., and 
leans with 1. on long sceptre. 



beneath throne, 
[= 127 B.C.] 

(No. 1 is pierced.) 



M 
ftp 



ex., EnP 



Similar. 



259-4 



/R 1-15 



Similar. 



Similar, with NIKA TOPOZ; throne 
has back. 

to 1. of title, Z ; beneath throne, o ; no 
date. 



Similar, with r.n,., » ®^°Y. -v,--, 

[NJIKAToPoZ' ^ '^• 

in ex., \C^ fY\ 
[Plate lxviii. 23.] 



DEMETRIUS II. 



No. 


Weight 


Metai. 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Braclims 








Similar. 


Inscr. and type similar to No. 2 ; throne 
■without back. 


4 


60-7 


Al -65 


Similar. 


to 1., outside inscr., H ; beneath throne, 
A 

Inscr. and type similar to No. 3 ; throne 
without back. 


6 


61-3 


M -7 




between feet, A ; beneath throne, fl 








[Plate lxviii. 24.] 


6 


591 


M -7 


> 


poor condition ; no letters visible. 

1 








Bronze 








Nos. 7 to 18 represent two denominations of a series wliich corresponds to one issued 

in the first reign (p. 69, Nos. 7 fi.). The types of the lower denomination 

resemble those of the preceding epoch ; hut, in the higher denomination, Apollo, who 

disappears from the silver, now appears as the Bev. type. 








Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 


AmMHiri^Y (*° "■ 'i°-™ds) 

OEOY 

<|>IAAA EA<t>OY (to 1., downwards) 

NIKAT OPOS 

Apollo, naked, seated 1. on omphalos in 
usual attitude, with arrow and bow ; in 
ex., fsfl and varying symbol, letter or 
monogram. 


7 


172 


M -95 




star of eight rays. 








[B.M.C., Pl- xvm. 11.] 


8 


207 


JE -9 


• 


A 


9 


190-5 


M -9 




I^J (0 in inscr.) 


10 


194 


JE -9 




loP 


11 


205-5 


^ -95 


Similar. 


OEOY 

Similar, with <J)|AA AEA<t>OY 
NIKA TOPOZ 


12 


201 


M -95 




^ 








[PLA.TE LXVIII. 25.] 


13 


182 


^ -95 




TSP 



88 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



14 

15 
16 
17 

18 



19 



21 



22 



Weight 



104 



91 



86 



89 



79-. 



Metal 
Size 



M -8 

M -75 
M -7 
« M -75 
M -75 



83-5 



20 90 



80 



76 



M -7 



M -7 



M 



JE -7 



Obverse 



Eevekse 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair rolled, with | BAZI AEHZ /, „ ,lownwar-d<5^ 
flowing locks ; border of dots. AH M HTPlOY ^ ' '^0^'^^^^°^-' 

0EOY 

<I>IAAAE A0OY (to I., downwards) 

NIKATOPOZ 

Tripod-lebes with three handles ; fillet 
laid over the top of it ; in ex., ^ and 
varying monogram. 

Al 

[B.M.C, Fl. xvni. 14.] 

I W 

[Plate lxix. 1.] 
T3P 

second monogram obscure. 



ex. off coin. 



The following dated pieces are not directly connected with 
the preceding. 



Head of Demetrius II. r., diademed, wear- 
ing flowing beard ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEQZ a A 
AH M HTPlOY ( '^■' downwards) 

NIKATOPOZ (to !•' downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing three-quarter 
face towards 1., looking along an arrow 
held point downwards in r., and lean- 
ing with 1. on bow ; in ex., date. 

ATTP [=128 B.C.] 



ATTP [=128 B.C.] ; to r., outside inscr., 
S(?) 
[Plate lxix. 2.] 

ex. off coin. 



ATTP [=128 B.C.] 



DEMETRIUS II. 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



2;b 



24 



25 
26 



27 
28 
29 



115-5 



104 



70-5 



50 



87-5 
85-5 



The followliKj possibly represent two denominations of a series.* The fact that the 
portrait of Demetrius is slightly bearded shoios that they belong to an early period in 

the second reign.f 



Head of Demetrius IT. r., slightly bearded; 
bead and reel border. 



M -75 



M -8 



M -65 
M -6 



yE -7 
M -65 
M -7 



(to r., downwards) 



(no beard visible.) 



Similar type ; no border visible. 



(no beard visible." 



BAZIAEnZ 
Z^HMHTPloY 

N I K ATO PO Z (to 1 . , do wn w ards) 
Bearded figure in Parthian dr^ss, quiver 
at back, standing r., clasping by the 
hand Tyche, who stands 1., wearing 
modins, and holding cornucopiae. 

behind male figure, ^ < ^^ ^^^ ^^^*' Y 

[Plate lxvji. 22.] 

no letters visible in field. 



A^HMH™\ (^° ^ ' downwards) 
Nl KATOPOZ (to 1., downwards) 

Nike standing ]., holding wreath and 

palm. 



[Cf. B.M.r., Pl. xviii. 5.] 

i 



The following represent still a fourth series. The attribution to the second 

reign is not certain. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEUE ^(.(j j.^ downwards) 



AHMHTPloY 
OEOY 



(to 1., downwards) 



NIKA TOPOZ 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; to 1., inside inscr., Zi, and outside 
inscr., symbol. 

cornucopiae ; inscr. partly off coin. 

cornucopiae ; , , , , 

symbol off coin; ,, ,, 

[Plate lxix. 3.] 



* The letters and monogram on No. 23 appear to be identical with those on a piece with 
types resembling No. 23 f., figured in Mm. Sanclem. , Num. Sel., t. I., Tab. lu., ho. 57. 
■]■ See Bunbury, Num. Gliron., 3rd Series, toI. iii., pp. 101 f. 

N 



90 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



30 
31 
32 
33 

34 

35 



Weight 



216-2 
211-4 
214 2 
210-1 

216-4 

214-4 



100-3 



Mktai, 
Size 



Obveesis 



Reverse 



Class U.— STRUCK IN PHOENICIA, WITE ROYAL NAME ANB PORTRAIT 

On the great majoritij of this class of coins (iMch the dates prove to belong 

to the second reign), the Icing's head is beardless. This shows 

that the portrait is an ideal one. 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard 

Tyre 
Tetra drachms 



A\ 1-1 

M 1-05 
.11 1-1 
M 1-1 

M 1-15 

M 1-15 



Head of Demeh-ins II. r., diademed, 
beardless ; clilamys about neck ; border 
of dots. 



M -85 



Similar. 



197 



M l-l 



BAZIAEHZ AHMHTPloY 

(from r., downwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on beak of galley ; 
-wings closed ; behind, palm ; in field 1., 

p_ and -^ on club ; in field r., A^ 

and date ; bet-ween legs, monogram ; 
border of dots. 



rnP [=129 B.C.] f=p 

An[P] [=128b.c.] „ (A throughout) 

EHP [=127 B.C.] 2B (A throughout) 

ST[? [=126 B.C.] pp 
[Plate lxix. 4.] 

STTP [=126 B.C.] „ (A throughout) 

(^fo. 34 is pierced.) 

I 

I ITTP [=125 B.C.] „ 

Didrachm 

Similar. 

I STTP [ = 126 B.C.] Fp 

Uncertain City 
T et radrach.m 



Head of Demetrius II, r., diademed, 
wearing flowing beard ; bordei- of dots. 



BAZIAEQZ AHMHTPloY 

(from r., downwards) 
Eagle standing ]. upon thunderbolt; 
wings closed; in field r., ETTP 
[ = 127 B.C.] ; between legs, M 

in front, traces of monograms. 



DEMETRIUS II.— ALEXANDER II. 



91 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Oevp:usk 


Reversf, 








Bronze 








Berytus * 








Head of Demetrius II. r., diademed, beard- 
less ; border of dots. 


BAXIAEnZAHMH 

(from r., downwards) 
Poseidon, standing facing, chlamys 
round waist and over 1. shoulder ; he 
holds patera in r. and trident in 1. ; in 
field ]., AA; in field r., 4*> above 
which, ^ ; border of dots. 


38 


85 


JE -05 




traces of Phoenician inscr. to 1. 








; [Plate lxix. 5,] 








Sidon 


39 


83-5 


M -8 


Similar. 


yJj^^S (to r.) Astarte, draped and 
wearing high head-dress, standing 1. on 
prow of galley, holding wreath (?) 
and trophy-stand ; to 1., traces of 

^'o^AZ*^ (upwards); in field r., 
rnP [=129 B.C.] 








Tyre 


40 


28-5 


M -5 


Similar ; no border visible. 


AHMHTPIOY 

(from r., downwards) 
Palm-tree; infield, H . P [ = 12-1 B.C.]; 
no border visible. 








ALEXANDER II. (ZEBINA) 








Circa 128—123 B.C. 








Alexander Zehina, tlie pretender put up against Demetrius II. hy Ptolemy, claimed 

the throne as the son of Alexander Bala. Although it loas to the influence of Egijpt 

that he owed his success, he presently quarrelled with Ptolemy, who thereupon raised 

a rival against Mm in the person of Antioclms VIII., son of Demetrius II. 








Class l.—ORDmARY RBGAL COINS 








SlLVEK 








Euboic-Attic Standard 








T e t r a d r a c h m s 


1 


251-9 


M 11 


Head of Alexander 11. r., diademed ; bead 
and reel border. 


BAZIAEJQZ (tor., downwards) 

AAE EANAPoY (to 1., downwards) 
Zens, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
without back, holding on extended r. 
Nike 1., and leaning witli 1. arm on 
long sceptre; to 1., outside inscr , <^ ; 
beneath seat, |^ ; in ex., HflP 
[ = 124 B.C.] 








[Plate lxix. 6.] 








* Sea sui 


3TO, p. 49. ' 



N 2 



92 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



3 

4 

5 
6 



9 
10 



11 

12 



234-3 



252-8 
235-4 

246 
2519 



61-2 



58-7 



59-4 



61 



31-2 
31-1 



Similar. 



^l 1 



Similar. 



/R 1-2 

M 1-15 

.'R 1-2 

Al 1-1 



.R -65 



M -65 



M -7 



M -65 



.R -5 
JR -55 



Similar ; but throne has high back, while 
monograms and. date are |Ap , [^ , 
OnP[=123B.c.] 



Similar, without date ; to I., outside inscr., 
monogram or letter ; beneath seat, 
letter. 

A A (A and 12 in inscr.) 

PT A „ 

[B.M.C, Pl. XXII. 2.] 

(^os. 3 and 4 are both pierced.) 

PP Z (A in inscr.) 

z z 

[Plate lxix. 7.] 



Drachms 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEEANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Double cornucopiae with fillets attached ; 
to 1., between inscr. and type, mono- 
grams and letters. 

PP 
A <|) 

z 



Similar. 



(no border visible) 



[Plate lxix. 8.] 



H emidrac hms 

Similar; but cornucopiae single; to 1., 
monograms or letters. 

pf (?) (outside inscr.) ; A (inside inscr.) 
'y (outside inscr.) 
[Plate lxix. 9.] 



ALEXANDER II. 



93 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obvebse 


Reverse 








Beonzb 








The bronze coins of Alexander Zehina fall into several series, each of which 

normally contains two denominations. The lower denomination of the 

followiiKi {dated) series is not here represented, hut iBill he found 

in B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 12. 








Head of Alexander II. r., diademed ; 
border of dots. 


BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 
AAEZANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Dionysos, wearing sbort chiton and 
endromides, standing 1., holding kan- 
tharos in r., and leaning with 1. on 
thyrsos ; to 1., between king's name 
and type, AflP [=128 B.C.] ; outside 
inscr., IZI and symbol. 


13 


110 


M -75 




aplustre. 


14 


100 


M -75 




1? 


15 


88 


M -75 




»» 


16 


109 


M -8 




cornncopiae. 


17 


103 


^ -76 




jj 


18 


101 


M -7 




51 


19 


105 


M -75 




ivy- leaf. 


20 


96 


^ -75 




51 


21 


102 


M -75 




sword (?) 








[Plate lxix. 10.] 


22 


97 


JE -75 


Similar. 


symbol obscure. 

Similar; with date EHP [--=127 B.C.] 


23 


107 


M -75 




]2I and traces of symbol. 


24 


91 


^ -7 




]2I and traces of symbol. \ 








There are two series n-hirh are distinguished hy hacing letters hut no dates. 

Both denominations of the first of these are described helow [Nos. 25 ff. 

and 32 f.). Nos. 34 ff. represent the higher denomination 

of the second series. 








Head of Alexander II. r., wearing radiate 
diadem ; border of dots. 


BAZIAEQZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEHANAROY (to 1., downwards) 
Double cornncopiae, with fillet attached ; 
to 1. of type, A ; to r., © ; beneath A, 
symbol. 


25 


119 


yE -85 




palm. 


26 


106-5 


M -8 




)5 



94 



KINGS OF STRIA 



No. 



32 

33 



34 
35 
36 



37 

38 

39 



Weight 



27 


119 


28 


104 


29 


109 


30 


118 


31 


116-5 



67-5 
60-5 



93-5 

108 
108 



1S5 
110 

118 



Metal 
Size 



M -8 
M -8 
M -85 
^ -8 
M -85 



M -65 



M -65 



M -8 
M -8 
JE -75 



^ -9 

^ -8 

^ -8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Prow of galley r. ; above, caps of Dios- 
kouroi, vi'itli stars ; border of dots. 



Similar ; but, in place of 0, TT 
club downwards. 

palm. 

star of eight rays. 

wreath. 



BAZIAEIIZ (to r., downward.s) 
AAEEANAPoY (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes, with handles ; the legs 
end above in masks ; in lebes, urn and 
two palms ; to 1. of type, A ; to r., TT ; 
beneath A, symbol. 



wreath (?) 
[Plate lxix. 11.] 

I star of eight rays. 



Head of Alexander II. r., wearing radiate 
diadem ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEiANAPoY (to 1., downwards) 
Two cornuacopiae, bound with fillets 
and having their lower ends entwined ; 
to 1. of type, X and symbol ; to r. of 
type, A 

caduceus. 

ear of corn. 

wreath . 



neino scnes that follow arc chsttugmshed each by a different monogram 

Mdi contains two de,wm,uafions. In the preceding series the kino's head 

had fgvred only on the higher denomination; here it is found on both 



Head of Alexander II. r., wearing lion's 
skin ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAE iANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Nike standing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; to 1., inside inscr., k^f and 
symbol. 

aplustre. 



wreath ., 
[BJI.C, Pl. XXII. 10.] 

symbol obscure. 



ALEXANDER 11. 



No. 



WErGHT 



40 



49 



41 

42 
43 

44 



45 
46 

47 



113 

103-5 
111-5 
114 



48 



58 
50 

47 



91 



Metal 
Size 



jE -65 



M -8 

M -8 

^ -85 

M -8 



Ji -7 
^ -7 

^ -65 



M -7 



Obverse 



Head of Alexander II. r., wearing crested 
helmet. 



Reverse 



BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEZANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Tyche, wearing high bead-dress, stand- 
ing 1., leaning on rudder and holding 
cornncopiae ; to 1., inside inscr., |^ 
and symbol. 



ivy-leaf (?) 
[Plate lxix. 12.] 



Head of Alexander II. r., wearing radiate 
diadem ; border of dots. 



BAZI AEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEZ ANAPOY (to 1., downwards) 
Athena, helmeted, standing 1., holding 
Nike 1. in extended r., and leaning with 1. 
on spear, against which shield rests ; to 

1., inside inscr., £ and symbol. 

aplustre. 



[B.M.C., PL. XXII. 7.] 
cornncopiae. 

palm. 

star of eight rays. 



Head of Alexander H. r., wearing BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 

elephant's skin ; border of dots. AAEiANAROY (to 1., downwai-ds) 

Aplustre; to 1., inside inscr., '^ and 
symbol. . 

monogram obscure ; symbol off coin. 

monogram and symbol obscure. 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 11.] 

I wreath (?) 



The following pieces, irliich are all of one denomination, have a serrated edge. 

They may belong to Alexander Bala; hut the symbols rather suggest 

the reign of Zebina. 



Head of youthful Dionysos r. 
long ringlets ; border of dots. 



hair in I BAZIAEHZ (to r., downwards) 
AAEZANAROY (to 1., downwards) 
Tyche, winged and wearing high head- 
dress, standing I., leaning on rudder 
and holding cornucopiae ; to 1., outside 
inscr., monogram and symbol. 

^ and head-dress of Isis. 
[Plate lxix. 13.] 



96 



KINGS OF SYKIA 



No. 



49 
50 
51 
52 
63 



64 



Weioht 



Metal 
Slze 



91 
114 

95 

84 

103 



JE -7 

^ -8 

M -65 

M -7 

J£ -8 



65 



iE -8 



2o7-3 M 1-2 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



Head of Alexander II. r., diademed. 



2E and [?] 

7i^ and wreath. 

? and aplustre. 

[?] and club downwai'ds. 

[?] and wi-eath. 



Class ll.STRVCK IN PHOENICIA, WITH ROYAL NAME AND PORTRAIT 

Broa'ze 
Berytus 

[BAZIAEI2Z AAEZANAPOY] 

(to r., downwards) 

(to 1., downwards) 
Poseidon draped, standing to front ; lie 
holds patera in r., and trident in 1. ; in 
field, r., AA and 4* ; border of dots. 

[Plate lxix. 14.] 



CLEOPATRA AND ANTIOCHUS VIII. 

Circa 125—120 B.C. 

Cleopatra (Thea) was the iJaiujhtcr of Ptolemy Pliilometor. She iras in succession 
infe of Alexander I., of Dcmetrin^ U., and of Antiochus VII. By Demetrius II 
she heeame the mother of Selciirus V. {of lohom no coins ran he identified and 
whom she is send to hare assassinated), and of Antiochus VIII. The joint' portraits 

point to a regency. 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Te tr adrachms 



Head of Cleopatra and of Antiochus VIII. 
r., jngate ; Antiochus is diademed, while 
Cleopatra wears diadem, stephane, veil, 
and necklace ; bead and reel border. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



BAZIAI[ZS]HS 

KAEOHATPAZ 
eEAZ 

KAI 

BAZI AE nz 

AN TloXoY 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding in extended r. 
wreath -bearing Nike 1., and leaning 
with 1. on sceptre; to 1., outside inscr., ^ 

iu ex., OTTP [=123 B.C.] 
[Plate lxix. 15.] 



CLEOPATRA AND ANTIOCHUS VIII. 



97 



No. 



4 
5 
6 

7 



Weight 



2:,2-s 



118 
122 
119 
119 



73 
■ 59- 

VOL. III. 



Metal 

SiZK 



Obverse 



.R 1-2 



.R 115 



M -8 
M -85 
^ -85 
M -86 



M -65 
M -65 



Siinila 



Beveese 



BAZIAIZZHZ 

[ K] A Eon AT PA I. (to r . , downwards) 

OEAZ 
KAI 

BAZ lAEHZ (to 1., downwards) 

ANT loXOY 

Similar type ; to 1., oatside insor., 

/^ ; beneath seat, /f^ 

in ex., BSP [ = 120 B.C.] 
(Nos. 1 and 2 are both pierced.) 



Similar type ; but no necklace visible ; 
border of dots. 



KAE^oni?PAZ (*° '■' 'i™-^^) 

KAI 

BAZ lAEDZ (to 1., downwards) 

AN TIOXOY 

Similar type; to 1., outside insor., IE; 
beneath seat, A (?) 

[Plate lxix. 16-.] 

Beonzb 

Three series are here represented. Each contained two denominations. 

The undated series, which is placed first, is heavier than the others. 



Similar ; necklace visible. 



aplustre. 

palm-branch. 

star (?) 

star (beneath feet). 
[B.M.G., Vh. xxm. 4.] 

Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



BAZIAIZZHZ 

KAEOTTATPAZ (to r., downwards) 

GEAZ 
KAI 

BA ZIAEDZ (to 1., downwards) 

AN TIOXOY 

Nike, advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; to 1., at Nike's feet, |-p and 
symbol. 



kaeotta¥p"az (*° '■' -i— -^^) 

KAI 

BAZ I A EHZ (to 1., downwards) 

ANTIoXoY 

Double oornucopiae, fastened with the 
royal diadem ; to 1., outside diadem, |-p 
and, inside diadem, symbol. 
bunch of grapes. 
[Plate lxix. 17.] 

I palm-branch. 





98 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



10 

11 



12 
13 
14 
15 
16 



17 
18 
19 

20 
21 



85-5 
99 



93-5 
96 
93-6 
96 
102 



97 

98-5 

90 

76 

86 



M -65 
M -76 



M -75 
M -75 
M -76 
M -8 
M -76 



M -8 
M -75 
^■8 
M -7 
M -75 



The lower denomination of the earlier of the two dated series is not here represented. 
It possibly had the same types as the higher one* 



Head of Antiochus VIII. r., wearing 
radiate diadem ; border of dots. 



BAZIAIZZHZ 

KAEonATPAZ 
KAI 

BAZIAEHZ 

ANTIOXOY 

Head-dress of Isis, consisting of horns, 
globe, plumes, and ears of corn. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



beneath, HTTP [ = 124 B.C.] 

beneath, ©TTP [ = 123 B.C.] and thunder- 
bolt. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



BAZIAISZHZ ... -, s 

KAEOHATPAZ ^ ° '^" •^o^^^'^rds) 

KAt 

BAZIAESZZ (to 1., downwards) 

ANTIOXOY 

Owl standing three-quarter face towards 
r. on overturned amphora; beneath, 
date and symbol ; to right of type, I E 

qp [=122 B.C.] and aplustre r. 

cornucopiae r., and <JP [ = 122 B.C.] 

qp [=122 B.C.] and dolphin r. 

qp [=122 B.C.] and ear of corn r. 

qp [=122 B.C.] and palm-branch r. 
[B.JUG, Pl. XXIII. 5.] 



Similar ; £2 in inscr. ; no | E 

qp [=122 B.C.] and wreath r. 

AqP [=121 B.C.] and aplustre r. 

as preceding. 

as preceding (?) 

AqP [ = 121 B.C.] ; no symbol visible. 



Thus B.M.O., p. 86, No. 9, weighs 58-5 grains, and Babelon, ^ois de Syrie v 173 



No. 1341, weighs 59-5. 



CLEOPATRA AND ANTIOCHUS VIII. 



99 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Rbversk 



22 
23 



52 
46-5 



M -65 
M -6 



243-1 



253-3 

248-4 
255 



M 1-3 



JR 1-2 

M 115 
M 1-15 



Bust of Tyclie r., draped and -wearing 
kalathos ; border of dots. 



BAZIAIZZHZ 
KAEonATPAZ 

KAI 
BAZIAESZZ 

ANTIOXOY 

Handle of rudder ; 
and ASP [=121 
beneath, symbol. 

symbol doubtful. 

wreatli 1. 



ANTIOCHUS VIII. (GRYPDS) 



(to r., downwards) 

(to 1., down-wards) 

; to 1. of type, IE, 
B.C.] downwards ; 



Circa 120—96 B.C. 



The comparativehj long reign of Antioclms VIII. was anytliing liU a peaceful one. 
In particular, his struggle with his brother, Antioclms IX., resulted in the partition 

of the Seleucid Empire. 



Silver 
Euboic- Attic Standard 

T etradrachins 



Head of Antiochus Vlll. r., diademed; 
bead and reel border. 



(to r., do-wnwards) 



Similar. 



BAZIAEQZ 

ANTIOXOY 

ETTI 0ANOYZ (to 1., do-wn-wards) 
Zeus Ouranios standing, naked, three- 
quarter face towards 1. ; on his head is 
a crescent ; in extended r. he holds star 
of eight rays, while with 1. he leans on 
sceptre ; beneath r. hand, M ; all 
within wreath. 



(No. 1 is piorced.) 

Similar ; beneath r. hand, A P with 
letters or monogram beneath it ; in ex., 
date. 

EZ rqP [ = 119 B.C.j (A in insor.) 
[Plate lxix. 18.] 

Pf rqp [=119 B.C.] 

„ ASP [=118 B.C.] (EH l<t>ANOYZ) 

2 



100 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



9 
10 
11 



12 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



250-5 



250 



249-2 



244-3 
248-1 
247 



251-8 



M 1-25 



M 1-2 



Obveese 



251-3 M 115 



M 1-1 



M 1-1 
M 1-25 
JR 1-15 



M 1-05 



Similar. 



Eeyebse 



Simila 



Similar ; but Zeus -wears himation 
round waist and over 1. shoulder ; 
beneath r. hand, letter or monogram ; 
no date. 



M 

(No. 5 is pierced.) 

I >AP ( X7 in inscr.) 
[Plate lxix. 19.] 

Similar, -with A ; but beneath r. hand, 
to r., inside inscr., A I 
N 

(No. 8 is pierced.) 



IE 
A 



Similar. 



Similar, -with A ; but beneath r. hand 
two monograms, one above another ; 
in ex., date. 

^^ 5-SP [ = 116b.c.] 

NH PI HSP [ = 114b.c.] 

same monograms (?) 0S P [ = 113 B.c.J 
(No. 11 is pierced.) 



The tijpe and style of the Rev. of the following closelij resemble, those of certain 

issues of Seleucus VI. and of Fhilippus (q.v.). ifo. 12 should also be compared icith 

the autonomous bronze coins of Antioch,* which was probably the mint. 



Simila 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



baziaehz 
antioxov 

Eni<t>ANoVZ , , , 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding on extended r. 
wreath-bearing Mke r., and leaning 
with 1. on long sceptre; jbeneath throne, 

1., outside inscr., £ ; all 
A 



to 



•within wreath. 



[Plate lxix. 20.] 



* See B.M.Q. Galatia, &c., PI. xviii., Nos. 11 and 12, and tlie oorresponding pieces described 
in this volume (e.g. Plate lxxi. 30). 



ANTIOCHTJS VIII. 



101 



No. 



13 

U 
15 
16 



17 
18 
19 



20 
21 



Weight i 



57-8 

57-7 
59-1 
61-3 



27-4 
29'4 
28-2 



116-5 
114-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -7 

JR -75 
.R -75 

.R -7 



.R -5 
M -5 
M -5 



M -85 



Ai -8 



Obverse 



EEVRltSE 



Drachms - 



Similar type ; border of dote. 



BASIAE2Z 
ANTIoXoY 
Eni<|>ANOY£ 

Tripod-lebea with, handles ; out of it 
rise three laui'el-branclies ; to 1., outside 
iiiscr., monogram above letter. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



and r 

[Plate lxix. 21.] 

and A 



I 

^ and r 

„ and N 



Hemidrachms 



Similar. 



ANTK)X^Y (^° ^•' downwards) 

ETTI 4>AN0YS (to 1., downwards) 
Nike, advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; to 1., outside inscr., monogram 
above letter. 

I and A (?) 

/\ and N 

„ and [?] 
[Plate lxix. 22.] 

Bkonze 

Oiiniu/ to the length and the vicissitudes of the reign of Grijpns, his bronze coins are 

difficult to classify. Identity of monogram affords some ground for connecting 

' Nos. 20 f., 22 f. and 24 f.; hut whether there is anij close relation between 

them is very doubtful. 



Head of Antiochus VIII. 
border of dots. 



r., diademed; BAZIAEQX (to r.. downwards) 
ANTIOXOY ^ 
ETTI<l>ANOYZ (to 1., downwards) 
Double cornucopiae, fastened with royal 
diadem ; to 1., outside inscr., E 

beneath monogram, star of six rays. 
lli.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 6.] 

I to 1. of diadem, star of eight rays. 



102 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



23 



24 
25 



26 
27 



28 



Weight 



70 
89 



49-5 
58 



67 
86 



91 



29 


90 


m 


■8 


30 


106 


M 


•8 


31 


74 


M 


•7 


32 


113 


M 


•8 


33 


81 


M 


•75 


84 


89-5 


m 


•75 


35 


77 


JE 


•75 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



JE -75 
M -75 



M -8 
JE -7 



M -75 
M -8 



m -75 



Head of ABtioclms VIII. r., wearing 
radiate diadem ; border of dots. 



Ee VERSE 



Similar; above, crescent -with horns up- 
"wards. 



[Plate . lxix. 23.] 

I monogram oif coin. 

[Plate lxix. 24.] 



Head of Antiochus VIII. 
border of dots. 



r., diademed 



B A Z I A E SZ Z c^ downwards) 

ANTIOXOY ^ 

ETTI<l>ANOYZ (to 1., downwards) 
Tyche, draped and wearing high he^d- 
di'ess, standing ]., holding comuco^iae 
in 1. and leaning with r. on handle of 
rudder : to !., outside inscr., E 



[Plate lxix. 25.] 



Head of Antiochus VIII. r., wearing 
radiate diadem ; border of dots. 



(to 



downwards) 

downwards) 
to 1., outside 



BAZIAEnZ 

ANTIOXOY 

Eni<l>ANoYZ (to!., 

Winged thunderbolt : 

inscr., 2^ 
monogram off coin. 



T}ic series that follow are dated, and the issues range over a nitmher of years. 
Nos. 28 ff. all represent one denomination. 



Similar. 



ANTI^ X^ Y ('° ""- downwards) 
ETri<l>ANoYZ (to 1., downwards) 

Eagle standing 1., with wings closed ; 

sceptre over 1. shoulder; to 1., outside 

inscr., IE; beneath eagle's feet, date 

and symbol. 

B9P [ = 120 B.C.]; ear of corn, 1. 

[Plate lxx. 1.] 

BqP [=120 B.C.]; ivy-leaf r. 

BqP [ = 120 B.C.]; symbol ofi coin. 

rSP [=119 B.C.] ; cornucopiae 1. 

ZSP [ = 115 B.C.]; aplustrel. 

HSP [ = 114 B.C.] ; no symbol visible. 

eqP [=113 B.C.] ; wreath 1. 

eSP [=113b.c."1- -^Iral. 



ANTIOCHUS Vlir. 



103 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvebse 



Reverse 



36 
37 
38 



39 

40 
41 



42 
43 



45 



Gl 
93 

92 'S 



102 

98 
94-5 



54 
44 
49-5 

44 



/E -7 
2E -7 
M -75 



M -76 

M -75 
jE -75 



M -6 

M '55 

^ -6 

^ -55 



Similar. Similar; bat, in place of IE, monogram; 

date, BZ [ = 110 B.C.] 

n (?) ; palm 1. 

^ (?) ; no symbol visible. 

[?] ; ivy-leaf r. 



The following are remarkable for the use of a title not found elsewhere on the coin 
of Grypus, although known from lapidary inscriptions* 



Similar. 



ANTI^OX^Y (*° ^•' downwards) 

4>IA0MHT0P0Z (to 1., downwards) 
Similar. 

/fv cornucopiae 1. 

[Plate lxx. 2.] 

date, monogram, and symbol, ofi coin. 

/ fv symbol off coin. 



Nos. 42 ff. represent a lower denomination of Nos. 28 ff. Probably they form part 
of one of the early issues, but in no case is the date visible.-f 



Bust of Artemis r., draped ; bair in knot 
above ; over shoulder, bow and qaiver ; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ /. downwards") 

ANTI 0X0 Y ^ ' *^°wnwarus; 

ETTI <t>ANOYZ (to 1., downwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., holding 
arrow in r., and leaning with 1. on bow ; 
to 1., outside inscr., monogram or 
letters ; in ex., date and symbol. 

[?] [?] aplustre 1. 

[?] [?] [?] (En l<l>ANOYZ) . 

? [?] [?] 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXIV. 5.] 

I n (?) [?] [?] 



* For references, see Babelon, Rois de Syrie, pp. oliv. f . It should be mentioned that the 
silver coin which haB hitherto been the sole evidence for the title <|)| AO M HTO POZ 
on coins of Grypus (Babelon, I.e.), does not belong to him at all. It will be found described 
below under Seleucus VI. (No. 8). 

t Such dates as I have noted elsewhere on coins with these types are all early. 



104 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



5 
6 

7 



Weight 



250 



247-5 
253-8 



254-6 



247-4 
25.3-1 
248 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-2 



M 1-2 
JR 1-3 



M 1-2 



M 1-1 
M 1-15 
Al 1-1 
M 1-35 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



ANTIOCHUS IX. (CYZICENUS) 

Circa 116—95 B.C. 

Antiochus IX., son of Antiochus VII., came fonoard as a, rival to Ms brother. 

He had been brought up at Ci/zicus, ichence his surname. After some years of 

conflict the two agreed on a division of poioer, Gijzicemis talcing over Coele-Syria 

and Phoenicia. As the legend shows, Nos. 2 f. loere strucJc at Sidon. 

Silver 
Euboic- Attic Standai-d 



Tetradrachms 



Head of Antioolius 
and reel border. 



r., diademed ; bead 



Similar. 



baziaehz 

ANTIoXo Y 
<l>IAon ATOPOZ 



(to r., down-wards) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



(to 1., do-ivn-wards) 
Athena, -^-eariug long chiton and crested 
helmet, standing 1. ; on extended r. she 
holds Nike 1., while with r. arm and 
hand she supports spear and shield, the 
latter decorated with Gorgon eio a ; to ]., 
outside inscr., A ; all within wreath. 



Similar, with <|)|AO TTATOPOZ and H- 
ZIAI2 

tol.,outsideinscr., IEP andmonoffram 
AZY 



E 



Similar, with Q. ■ to 1., outside inscr., ^1 



in ex., E 



E 



(No. 



Similar, with A; to 1., outside inscr., "T^J 

to r., inside inscr., letter; ex. blank.' 
A (2 in inscr.) 
A 
N 

O (A beneath monogram.) 
is pierced.) 



[Plate lxx. 3.] 



ANTIOCHUS IX. 



105 



No. 



9 

10 



11 
12 



13 
14 
15 

16 
17 
18 
19 



Weight 



249-3 
252-4 



62 1 
55 



83 
89 

83-3 
104 
96-0 
98-5 



Mkt.^l 
Size: 



Al 105 
.R 11 



M -65 
M -65 



^ -7 
M -65 
M -75 

M -76 
iE -75 
M -75 
JE -7 



Obverse 



Revebsk 



Similar 



A 



Similar, witli 2i to 1., outside inscr.,^ 
no letter. 

beside goddess's 1. hand, >^ 

above goddess's r. foot, I4L 

[Plate lxx. 4.] 



Drachms 



Head of Antioclius IX. r., diademed ; 
border of dots. 



<i>IAoTTATOPOZ (to 1., do-wnwards) 
Tyobe, draped and -wearing high head- 
dress, standing 1. on rudder, tiller of 
■which she holds in r. ; in ]., cornu- 
copiae; to 1., outside inscr., letters. 

only E visible. 

, E ft 
traces of . ^ ^ 



[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. XXV. 2.] 



Bronze 



Nos. 13 if. represent the same denomination as Nos. 20 ff. To judge from the 
known dates, the two series do not appear to have overlapped. 



Head of Antioohus r. , diademed ; border 
of dots. 



ANTIOX?Y (*° '■' downwards) 

<j)|AOTrATOPoZ (to 1., downwards) 
Winged thunderbolt; to 1., above title, 
date ; and beyond title, "R and symbol, 



ORP [ = 113 B.C.] ; cornucopiae; (Tl ) 
0qP [ = 113 B.C.]; star; (P|) 
0CJP [=113 B.C.] ; bunch of grapes. 
IB.M.a, Pl. XXV. 3.] 

Z [ = 112 B.C.]; aplustre. 

Z [ = 112 B.C.]; star. 

Z [ = 112 B.C.] ; no symbol visible. 

Z [ = 112 B.C.] ; symbol off coin. 



106 



KINGS OF SYEIA 



No. 



20 
21 
22 



23 
24 
25 



26 
27 



28 
29 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



70-5 
79-5 
85-5 



81-6 
51-5 

70-5 



88 

78-5 



83 
76-6 



M -7 
M -7 
M 






JE. -75 

M -7 



^ -7!; 



M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



/o 



Head of bearded Herakles r., laur. ; border 
of dots. 



(to r., downwards) 



BAZIAESZS 
ANTIOXOY 

<J>IAO TTATOPOZ (to 1., downwards) 
Athena, standing 1. as on tetradrachms ; 
to 1., outside inscr., ^ and symbol; in 
ex., date. 

cornucopiae; TZ [ = 109 B.C.] 

ear of corn ; TZ [=109 B.C.] 

date and symbol, off coin ; (A) 
[Plate lxx. 5.] 

The series represcnled by Xus. 23 ff. (the denomination being still the same) loas 
issued ocer a long series of years,* and overlapped irith the one immediately pre- 
ceding. This and the absence of symbols indicate a different place of mintage. 



Bust of Eros r., draped and winged; 
border of dots. 



Similar. 



ANTIOX?Y (*° ^•' downwards) 

01 AOTTATOPOZ (to 1., downwards) 
Nike, naked to waist, advancing ]., 
holding wi'eath and palm ; to 1., outside 
inscr., date. 



BZ [ = 110 B.C.] 

BZ [ = 110 B.C.] 

date off coin. 
[Plate lxx. 6.] 

Similar, with <|)|A0 TTATOROZ; in 

place of date, monogram. 

obscure. 



The two series that follow hare no dates, and do not appear to be connected 
with any others. The denomination is still the same. 



Head of Antiochus IX. 
border of dots. 



diademed; I BAZI A EHZ u -, 

A N T 1 0X6 Y ^° ''• ' <i°""iiwards) 

<> I AOTTATOPOZ (to ]., downwards) 
Zens, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back; he holds on extended r., 
wreath-bearing IS' ike p., and leans with 

1. on sceptre ; to 1. 
above 1. foot, symbol. 

ivy-leaf (?) 

star (?) 



outside inscr., ^ 



See B.3I.C., p. 94, Nos. 27: 



ANTIOCHUS IX. 



107 



No. 



Weight 



30 



70-5 



31 



143 



32 69-5 

33 58-5 



34 
35 



67 
64-5 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



M -7 



M -85 



^ -65 
JE -65 



M -7 
M -05 



Head of Antiochus IX. r., wearing radiate 
diadem ; no border visible. 



llEVERSE 



(to r., downvfards) 



BAZIAEHZ 

ANTIOXOY 

<|>IAOTTAToPoZ (to I., downvp-ards) 
Athena, wearing cre.sted helmet and long 
chiton, standing ]., leaning witl\ r. on 
long palm, and with 1. supporting shield 
and spear ; to 1 , inside palm, H ; the 
whole within wreath. 



[Plate lxx. 7.] 

Comparison of the letters and monograms on published specimens shows that 
No. 31 is a higher denomination of Nos. 32 f . 



Head of Antiochus 
border of dots. 



IX. r., diademed; 



ANTlixbY (*° '^•' '5°^^^^^'^^) 

<l>IAO TTATOPoZ (to 1., downwards) 
Dionysos, standing 1., wearing short 
chiton and kothornoi ; he holds kan- 
tharos in r., and leans with 1. on 
thyrsos ; above r. hand, E ; beneath it, 

n 



[Cf. V.M.C, Pl. XXV. 6.] 



Similar. 



ANxfoX^Y (*° ^■•' downwards) 

4>IA0nAT0P0Z (to 1., downwards) 
Athena, wearing crested helmet and long 
chiton, marching r., holding spear over 
r. shoulder, and shield on 1. arm ; to 1., 
letters. 

[?] outside inscr. ; E inside insor. 

? outside inscr. ; E inside inscr. 



[Cf. B.M.C., Tl. XXV. 6.] 



A certain siwilariti/ of style suggests that Nos. 34 f. represent a higher denomination 

o/iVos. 36 f. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. 



<t>IAoTTATOPOZ (to 1., downwards) 
Tyche, wearing high head-dress, stand- 
ing 1. on rudder, tiller of which she 
holds in r. ; on 1. arm, cornucopiae. 



[Cf. B.3I.C., Pl. XXV. 



108 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



^'o. 



36 
37 



Weight 



31 
29 



1 244-2 

2 ! 2:.0-4 



il8-3 



2oO-' 



241-3 



Metai, 
Size 



M -6 
JE -6 



AX 1-25 



M 1-15 



Al 1-2 



242-7 M 12 



.11 13 



A\ 1-1 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



Head of Athena r., wearing crested 
Corinthian helmet. 



head small. 



head large. 



BAZIAEI2Z ,.s 

ANTIOXOY ^^^°^'^ 

<t>IAonATOPOZ (beneath) 
Prow of galley r. 



SELEUCUS VI. (EPIPHANES) 

Circa 96—95 B.C. 
Sclriiciis VI. loas the son of Antiochus Grypiis. After his father's death he continued 
the ivar against Antiochus IX., and subsequently against the latter' s son, Antiochus X. 
He v;as driven into ('ilirin, and, talcing refuge at Mopsus, perished in a revolt tjiere. 
The symbol on Nos. 1 — 6 is probably the mint-mark of Heleucia ad Calycadnum* 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Tetrad rachms 



Head of Seleucus VI. r., diademed ; bead 
and reel border. 



BAZIAEQZ ,, . , - 

ZEAEVKoV ( ° "■■' downwards) 

EHIOANOVZ ,, 1 -, -, , 

NIKATOPOZ (to 1-. downwards) 

Athena, wearing crested helmet and 
long chiton, standing 1., holding on 
extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 
r. on shield, beside which stands spear ; 
to 1., outside inscr., five-leaved flower; 
beneath goddess's r. hand, downwards, 
names of magistrates. 

AAE AH 



AAE AH 
Alor€MI (?) 
NE IZI 



no IZI 

[Plate lxx. 8.] 

■&/ZH 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXV. 12.] 

* See Imhoof-Blutner, Kleinasiatische Miinzen, ii., p. 482. 



SELEUCUS VI. 



109 



No. 



Weight 



MlCTAt, 

Size 



233-4 



M 1-05 



10 



11 



28-9 
27 



174 



M -55 
M -5 



M -95 



M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The following should he compared with No. 12 of Antioclms VIII. 



SiQiilar. 



(to r., dovcR-wards) 



BAZIAEHZ 
ZEAEVKoV 

nVkATO^oI (^oL, downward.) 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne, holding on extended r. Nike 
r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre; 
beneath throne, ^; to 1., outside 

A 
inscr., R ; all within wreath. 



H emidr achms 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



IeAE^V^K^V (to -.downwards) 
ETTI<t>ANOVZ ., 1 flowTiwards^ 

N I KATOPOZ ^ ' ^°^"'^*™^'' 
Double cornucopiae, filleted; to 1., 
between fillet and horn, C 



[Plaie lxx. 9.*] 
(No. 9 is pierced.) 

Bkonze 
Xos. 10 and 11 tippcar to represent two denominations of one series. 



Head of Seleucus VI. r., diademed ; 
border of dots. 



ZEAEYKOY ^*° ""■' <i°^^*^^<^^) 
mKATOPoi (to 1.. downwards) 

Tripod-lebes ; from the lebes rise three 
branches of laurel. 



Similar. 



(to r., downwards) 



[Plate lxx. 10.] 



baziaehz] 

ZEAjEYKOY 

Lyre of five strings (clielijs). 
[Plate lxx. 11.] 

* A comparison of the illustrations will make it evident that this is the identical coin 
represented in Gondii's Coins of the Seleucidae (PI. xx., No. 12) as belonging to Antiochus IX., and 
as reading ^ (AO M HTO POZ (^^e supra, p. 103, footnote). The Dnane Collection (which 
Gough's book illustrates) passed into the Hunter Cabinet. 



no 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



We [Ght 



12 
13 



126 
118-5 



14 



68-5 



5S-7 



Metal 
Size 



M -8 
M -85 



M -Go 



M -75 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



Connection between Nos. 12 f . cmd No. 14 is proved by community of monogram and 
letter. The higher denomination is evidently double the lower. 



Similar. 



^rli KAT?P°0Z^ ^'° '■' '^^-^ ^^) 
Apollo, naked, fstanding 1., holding 
branch (?) in r., and leaning with ]. on 

colnmn ; to 1., outside inscr., ^ ; ex. 

off coin. 



Similar. 



[Cf. B.M.C., Vh. XXV. 14.] 



BAZIAEnZ 
ZEAEYKoY 



(to r., downwards) 



Eni<I>ANOYZ ,^^^ ^owTlwflrdq^ 

N I KATOPOZ ^ ' '^o^""^*^^^) 
Tripod-lebes, with three handles, above 
each of which a branch of laurel ; to 1., 

outside inscr., !5 ; in ex., star. 
A 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXV. 15.] 



ANTIOCHUS X. (EUSEBES) 

Circa 95—83 B.C. 

Antloclms X. was a son of Antiochus IX. His reign was spent in endeavouring to hold 

the throne, first against Selencua VI., and then against Antiochus XI., Philippus, and 

Demetrius, brothers of Seleucus. On his final defeat he fied to Farthia. 

Sidon 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Drachm 



Head of Aniiochus X. r. 
border of dots. 



diademed ; 



BAZIAE2Z 
ANTIOXOY 



(to r., downwards) 



EYZEBoYZ ,, , , , , 

«!>IA0nAT0P0Z (to 1- downwards) 

Tyche standing 1. on rudder, the tiller 
of which she holds in her r. ; on 1. arm. 



cornucopias; to 1., outside inscr., 



s 



[Plate lxx. 12.] 



ANTIOCHUS X.— ANTIOCHUS XL 



111 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



135-5 
115-5 



130 

114-5 

122 



M -75 
M -8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Beonze 

Antiochus X. struclc bronze in at least two denominations, only the liigher 
being here represented* 



Similar. 



M -8 
M -8 
M -8 



(to 1'., downwards) 



BAZIAESZ 
A NT 1 0X0 V 

OIA^HATO^P^OZ (*° 1 ' <^°-'^-^^'^^) 

Piloi of Dioskouroi, surmounted by 
stars and having straps hanging down ; 
to 1., outside inscr., ■pj' 

between straps of pilos on r., bunch of 
grapes. 



no symbol visible. 
[Cf. B.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 2.] 



ANTIOCHUS XL (PHILADBLPHUS) 

Circa 92 B.C. 

Antiochus XI., one of the sons of Antiochus Grypus, perished early in the struggle 
with Antiochus X. Many of the pieces formerly attributed to this prince 
appear to belong to his father.f 



Bronze 



Head of Antiochus XL r., diademed ; 
slightly bearded ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ 
ANTIOXOV 
Eni«l>A NOVZ 
<I>IAAA EA<t>0V 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



Athena, wearing crested helmet and 
long chiton, standing 1. ; she holds on 
extended r. Nike 1., and grasps with 1. 
spear and shield which rests on ground 
beside her; to 1., outside inscr., $ 

beneath monogram, bunch of grapes. 

no symbol visible. (<|)|AAAE A«t>OV) 

no symbol visible. 
[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. XXVI. 8.] 



* For the lower, see Babelon, Rois de Syrie, Pl. xxvii. 10. 

t See Friedlander, Zeitschr. fur Num., vii., p. 225; Babelon, Kois de Syrie, p. olxvii. 



112 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



Ko. 



Weight 



244-4 



245-7 
233-9 



4 


246-7 


6 


240 


6 


231-7 


7 


229-9 


8 


233 


9 


232-7 


10 


249 


11 


228-6 



Metal 
Size 



M 1 



M M 

Ai 1-05 



M 1-05 
JR 1 
M l-I 



Al 1 
M. 1-05 
M 1 
M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



PHILIPPUS (PHILADELPHUS) 
Circa 92—83 B.C. 

Philippus, more fortunate than ?J2S t.win hrofher AntiocJius XI., succeeded in making 

Mmself master of all Syria. Presently his younger brother, Antiochus XII., rose 

in revolt. Ultimately Fhilippus was defeated, and superseded by 

Tigranes of Armenia (q.v.). 

Silver 
Euboic- Attic Standard 



T e tr adrachms 



Head of Philippus r., laur. : 
reel border. 



bead and 



Simila 



(to r., do-wnwards) 



BAZIAEnZ 

<MAinnov 

<l>IAAAEA<|)OV ( ° '■' downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne with back, holding on extended r. 
Nike, and leaning with 1. on sceptre ; 
beneath throne, ^ ; all within wreath, 
between tipper ends of which, a thunder- 
bolt. 



Similar; above r. foot of Zeus, letter on 
monogram. 



Similar. 



1 N 
IB.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 9.] 

I AB (tlmnderbolt, hardly visible) 
[Plate lx'x. 13.] 

■pr (thundei'bolt, off coin) 



Similar ; but letter or monogram i 



gram m ex. 



N (thunderbolt, off coin) 

n 

T 



ANTIOCHUS XI.— DEMETRIUS III. 



113 



No. 



Weight 



12 
13 
14 
15 



232-8 
220-9 
226-9 
211-6 



Metal 
Size 



16 



228-6 



.R 1 

M 1-1 

JR 1-1 

M 1-1 
(base) 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



M 11 



234-5 



Similar ; style diiJerent. 



Similar, with V ; no thunderbolt above ; 
one letter or monogram above r. foot of 
Zeus, and a second in ex. 

A and H 

f^ and A (resting on thunderbolt ?) 

T^ and "pj" (A, Y, and £1 in insor.) 

<l> and pj* 



(to r., downwards) 



BAZIAEHZ 
<|)IAinnoY 

*',!^'a*Ae''a;o^Y ('»!■. ^«™^-) 
Similar, style different ; no monogram 
beneath throne ; in ex., thunderbolt. 

above r. thigh of Zeus, /^ and /Si 

[Plate lxx. 14.] 



DEMETRIUS III. (PHILOPATOR) 

Circa 95—88 B.C. 

Demetrius III. loas the fourth of the sons of Antiochus Grypus. At first he 

iDttS joint-ruler with Philippus. A quarrel resulted in civil war, and 

Demetrius loas carried off as a prisoner into Parthia. 

SrLVEK 

Euboic-Attic Standard 



T e t r a d r a c h. m 



Head of Demetrius 111. 
bead and reel border. 



r., diademed ; 



M, 1-1 



(to 1., downwards) 



baziaehz 

AH M H T P I O Y (to r . , downwards) 

eEoY 
<|>IAonAToPoZ 
ZHTHPoZ 

Cultus- statue of Demeter, wearing long 
veil which reaches to her feet ; from 
each shoulder there rises a large ear of 
corn with leaves, while she holds three 
smaller ears in 1. hand ; to 1., outside 
inscr., N and "^ ; in ex., H I S 
[=94 B.C.] and |^ ; all within wreath. 



[Plate lxx. 15.] 



114 



KINGS OF SYRIA 



No. 



Wei&ht 



2 
3 
4 



117-5 

107 

1025 



106-6 



80 



Metal 
Size 



JE -75 
JE -8 
M -8 



M -8 



JR 



OliVEBSE 



Reverse 



Bkonzb 

The Beo. hjpe of Nos. 2 ff. is characteristic of Selencia Pleria, lohere, 
therefore, these pieces loere prohalihj strucJe. 



Head of Demetrius HI. r., diademed ; 
bead and reel border. 



BAZIAEHZ 
AHMHTPIOY 
<I)IAoM HToPoZ 
EYEPrEToY 
KAAAINIKOY 



(above) 



(beneath) 



Thunderbolt, tied -with' fillet, and resting 
on a low cushion. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI. 11.] 



Fossiblij Xo. 5 <iiid Nos. 6 ff. represent two denominations 
of the same series. 



Head of Demetrius III. r., wearing 
radiate diadem ; border of dots. 



Head of Demetrius III. r., diademed ; 
bead and reel border. 



[BAZIAEHZ] 
[ A] H M H TP[ lOY] (to r., downwards) 
GEOY 

<l>IAonAToPoZ ,, 1 -, 

Z-£2THPoZ ^ ' cio'^'n'^'^'3'rds) 

Nike advancing r., holding over 1. 
shoulder filleted palm, the tip of which 
she supports with outstretched r. ; to 1., 
outside inscr., letters; in ex., HIZ 
[ = 94 B.C.] ; border of dots. 

7 (^) ; date obscure. 



(to r., downwards) 



BAZIAEnZ 
AHMHTPIOY 
GEOY 

«l>IA0 HAToPoZ ,, , T 

jfiTHPoZ i™ '•! clownwards) 

Hermes, standing 1., holding caduceus 
in 1. and palm iji r. ; to ]., outside inscr., 
monogram; in ex., HIZ [=94 B.C.]; 
bead and reel border. 

monogram doubtful ; date obscure. 



[Plate lxx. 16.] 



DEMETRIUS III.— ANTIOCHUS XII. 



11.5 




60 
47-5 



147 



Metal 
Size 



M -75 
JE -75 



M -95 



116-5 
114-5 



Obveuse 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Reverse 



Same inscr. Similar type ; but Hermes 
stands on cippus ; to ]., outside inscr., 
letter ; border of dots. 

N (?) 

N (caducens in r., palm in 1.) 



The follow !ii{/ piece, loliich hears a portrait of Demetrius III., loas striich 

at BciHCtrias, possibly a citi) founded by Demetrius in Coele-Syria, 

but more probably Damascus under a temporary name* 



Head of Demetrius III. r., diademed : 
bead and reel border. 



AHMH 
TPIEHN 

THC 
lEPAC 

Female 



(to r., downwards) 



(to ]., downwards) 

figure, turreted (Tyclie of 
Demetrias), seated 1. on rock ; r. 
hand extended ; beneath feet, river-god 
swimming to front ; border of dots. 

[Plate lxx. 17.] 

ANTIOCHUS XII. (DIONYSUS) 

Circa 89—84 B.C. 

Antiochns XII. loas the youngest son of Antiochus Grypus. He aspired to succeed 
Ms brother, Demetrius 111., as King of Goele-Syria. He was IciUed in a war with 
the Araliian Icing, Aretas III. Only a single specimen of his silver money is knotun. 

Bronze 

Three denominations are represented below (Nos. 1 — 5, Nos. 6 — 9, and 

No. 10). It is not clear how the different series involved 

are connected with one another. 



Head of Antiochus XII. r. 
border of dots. 



M -85 



M -8 



diademed; BAZIAEHZ 

A N T 1 0X0 Y (to r. , downwards) 

Eni<l>ANoYZ 

<f>IAo TTAToPoZ /, i ^ , , 

KAAAINIKOY (*« 1- downwards) 

Female figure, wearing long chiton and 
kalathos, standing 1., holding palm in 
r. and cornucopiae in 1. ; to 1., outside 
inscr., J$j; border of dots. 

inscr. partly off coin. 
[Plate lxx. 18.] 

I inscr. partly off coin. 



* See B.M.C. Oalatia, eta., p. Ixxvi. There is some reason to tliink that the coins 
of Tigranes's third period were also minted here. Eolthel long ago drew attention to the 
evidence furnished by the Rev. type {D.N.V., in., p. 248). Another point of connection is the 
curious form £ [=200] in dates. This is regularly used on the tetradrachms of Demetrius III. 
(e.g. supra, p. 113, No. 1), and also on those of Tigranes's third period {e.g. B.M.C, PI. xxvii. 5). 
I do not know that it occurs anywhere else. 

Q 2 



116 



KINGS OP SYRIA 



No. 



3 

4 



10 



Weight 



104 
103 



108 



80 
61-5 

59 
55-0 



38 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



M -8 



^ -8 



M -8 

M -7 

^ -7 

M -75 



M -6 



OsvEasE 



Reverse 



Bust of Antiochus XII. r., diademed and 
draped ; border of dots. 



basiaehz 

ANTIOXOV (to r., downwards) 

AIONYZOY 

Eni«I>ANoYZ 

<l>IAOTTAToP02I (to I., downwards) 

KAAAINIKOY 

Zeus, draped, standing 1., leaning with 
I. on long sceptre, and holding in r. 
Nike crowning him ; in ex., f^^ ; border 
of dots. 



[B.il.a, Pl. XXVII. 3.] 



Similar ; no drapery visible. 



Head of Antiochus XII. r., diademed : 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEQZ 
ANTIoXoY 
Eni<l>ANoYZ 
<t>IAoTTAToPoZ 
KAAAINIKOY 

Similar type ; to 1., outside inscr., ffi ; 

border of dots. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



BAZIAEQZ 

ANTIOXOY (to r., downwards) 

Eni<l>ANoYZ 

«l>IAo HAToPoZ n 1 J 

KA AAI N I KOY *- ° ^•' f^o^awards) 
Apollo, naked, standing 1., holding 
palm in r., and leaning with 1. arm on 
tripod ; border of dots. 



to 1., outside inscr., ffl 
(No. 6 is double-struck.) 

to 1., outside inscr., \^ 
IB.M.a, Pl. XXVII. 1.] 

no monogram visible, 
no monogram visible. 



Head of Antiochus XII. r., diademed ; 
border of dots. 



Same inscr. Hermes, standing 1., hold- 
ing purse (?) and caduceus; border 
01 dots. 



[Pl-iTE LXX. 19.] 



ANTIOCHUS XII. 



1]7 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The f (Mowing hears the name of Demetrias,* hut the portrait appears to 
he that of Anttoclms XII. 



Head of Antiochus XII. r., wearing laurel- 
vfreath. 



11 



112-5 



M -8 



no border visible. 



' ^^ (to 1., dovTii-wards) 

Male figure (Zeus?) standing 1., naked 
but for chlamys over 1. arm, leaning 
witb r. on long sceptre ; all within 
wreath. 



[B.M.C. Galatia, Pl. xxxv. 11.] 



* See supra, p. 115, No. 9. 



I 



118 



CITIES AND STATES OF SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Oeveese 



Eeveese 



CITIES AND STATES OF SYRIA 



KOmON OF SYRIA 

Tlic following coins were struck under the authorit>j of the kolvov or provincial 
assembly of Syria. The mint was douhtless Antioch* 



M -75 



M -75 



JE -8 



Trajan 



AYTOKPKAICNEPTPAIANOCC 
€BrEPM (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Trajan r., laur. 



KOINON CYPIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XIV. 6.] 



AYTOKPAKAI off coin. 



TPAIA NOC in legend. 



* See E. Beurlier, in Rev. Num., 1894, pp. 286 f. 



KINGS OF COMMAGENE 



119 



No. 



Weight 



Mktai, 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



173 



M -85 



93-5 



83-5 
116 



M -7 



M -85 



M -75 



COMMAGENB 

REQAL SERIES 
SAMOS 

Circa 140—130 B.C. 

Nothimj whatever is hnown of this prince, except that he is conjectured to have been 
the founder of Samosata. His date is suggested by the style of his coins* 



Beonze 



Head of Samos r., v^earing pointed tiara ; 
behind, branch of laurel ; border of 
dots. 



BAZIAEI2Z 
ZAMOY 



(to 1., upwards) 



KAfA?KAi?Y (to -> upwards) 

Thyrsos between two cornuacopiae 
crossed. 



[Plate lxx. 20.] 



Head of Samos r., radiate ; border of 
dots. 



BAZIAEHZ 
ZAM OY 



(to r., downwards) 



K^A I A^KAiSy (*° ^■' downwards) 
Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; beneath, traces of FA 



[Plate lxx. 21.] 



MITHRADATES I. (CALLINICUS) 
Circa 96 B.C. 

With Mithradaies I., a son-in-law of Antioclms Grypus, the mountain-state of 

Conmagene enters more definitely into history. Its geographical position 

rendered it of some importance in the struggles between Borne 

and Armenia, and Borne and Parthia. 



Bronzk 



Head of Mithradates r. 
pointed tiara. 



beardless, wearing 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



[B]AEIAEn[Z]t 
rM]l0PA AAToY 
[K]AAAINIKO[Y] 

Athena, wearing cresl-ed helmet and 
long chiton, standing 1., extending r. 
hand, and supporting with 1. spear and 
shield, which stand on ground beside her. 



[Plate lxx. 22.] 

* See Babelon, Bois de Syrie, pp. coviii.f. ,-,.,..-,,, 

t Although the dies are different, the third letter has in both cases a form not distinguishable 
from E- In neither case is there any trace of a Nike on Athena's r. hand. 



120 



COMMAGENE 



No. 



Weight 



74-5 



56-5 



202 

234 
191 

276 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



M -76 



M 1-1 

M 1-1 

M 1-1 

M 1-05 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ANTIOCHUS I. (THEOS) 

Circa 69—31 (?) B.C. 

Inscriptions and relief s foimdin the mausoleum of this monarch shoio that he was 

much influenced by astrological beliefs. The Bev. type of the following has probably, 

therefore, an astrological significance. The same may be said^ of the Rev. types used 

on tlie coins of Antiochus IV. and lotape {see infra).* 



Beokze 



Bust of Antiochus I. r., draped and wear- 
ing lofty Armenian tiara, decorated with 
an eight-rayed star, placed between two 
eagles which face outwards but have 
their heads turned back; border of 
dots. 



BAZIAEHZ (above) 
ANTIOXOY (in ex.) 
Lion walking r. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XIV. 8.] 



ANTIOCHUS IV. (EPIPHANES) 



Circa 38—72 a.d. 



In the reign of Caligula the kingdom of Commagene, lohich had previously been 
incorporated in the Boman province of Syria, loas restored, and Antiochus IV. loas 
placed upon the throne. His coins, which are in three denominations, each with a 
distinctive Bev. type, were struch in various districts, two of which (Commagene and 
lacanatis) are represented here. On the types see under Antiochus I. 



Bronze 



Bust of Antiochus IV. r., draped and 
diademed ; inscr. from r. downwards ; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEYZM EANTIo XOZ EHI 



KOMMAr HNON 

(from r., downwards) 
Scorpion ; all within plain circle, which 
is enclosed by laurel- wreath and border 
of dots. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XIV. 9.] 
BAZIAEYZMEr AZAN TloXoZ 



BACIA€YCM €rANT IOXOC€ni 
BAZIAEYZA\E TAZ ANTIoXo[ 



KoMMA THNON 



* See B.M.C. Oalatia, pp. xliii. £E., with references to Humann and Puoiistein, Keisen in 
Kleinasien itna Nordsyrien. 



KINGS OF COMMAGENB 



121 



Ko. 



6 

7 

8 



9 
10 



11 



12 



13 



Weight 



254 

22-1 
195 
19G-5 



122 
118 



103 



87-5 



07 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



M 1-15 

M 1 
JE 1-1 
JE 11 



M -95 



M -9 



JE -9 



M -75 



^ -7 



Similar. 

countermark, anchor between A and N ; 
inscr. as on No. 1. 



Similar. 



countermark, two corniiacopiae crossed ; 
inscr. as on No. 2. 

countermark, anclior between A and N ; 
BACIA€YC M€rANTl0X0C€ni 

doubtful countermark ; inscr. (partly off 
coin), probably as on No. 1. 



Inscr. from r. downwards ; similar type ; 
border of dots. 



BAZI MEP ANTloXoZEni 
BAZI MEfAZ- ANTIoXoZEni 



[Plate lxx. 23.] 

(KOMM/T HNON) 



(KoMMA rHNON) 



KoMMArHNON (above) 

Capricorn r. ; above, star of six rays ; 
beneath, anchor 1. ; all within plain 
circle, which is in turn enclosed by 
laurel-wreath and border of dots. 



[Plate lxx. 24.] 



Similar. 



BACIMEPA NTloXoCeni 



K«MMArHN±N (above) 

Similar ; but Capricorn 1. ; anclior r. ; 
style rude. 



[Plate lxxi. 1.] 



Similar. 



BAZIANTI OXOZ 



Two cornuacopiae crossed ; border of 
dots. 

KOM 

MAT (above) 
H 

N2N (beneath) 



BACIANTIOX OC 



[B.M.C., Pl. XV. 3.] 
KOM 



r H (in field) 

NON (beneath) 



122 



COMMAGENE 



No. Weight 



14 



15 



244 



209 



Metal 
Size 



JE 1-05 



M 1-05 



213-5 



M 1-15 



181 
200-5 



205-6 



^ 1-1 
M 1-15 



M 1-1 



Obverse- 



Eeversp; 



Similar to Ko. 1. 



AAKAN ATnN 

Type, &c. as on No. 1 ; but no plain 
circle. 



BAZIAEYZ . . . ASANTIOXOZ 

[Plati; lxxi. 2.] 

inscr. obscure ; do-abtfnl countermark. 



lOTAPE 

Ths queen was the wife of Aniiuclms IV. Her coins are practically identical with 

those of licr husband, her name and portrait being placed on certain issues 

of the highest denomination of his currency. Lacanatis is again 

represented here as well as Commagene. 



Beonze 



BASIAIZZA 
AEA<t)OZ 



\a TAHH <I)IAA 

(from r., do-vrn wards) 

Bust of lotape r., diademed ; border 
of dots. 



Similar to No. 1 of Antiochus IV. 



[Plate lxxi. 3.] 



BACIAICAIOT A nH<I)IAAA6A 

(sic) Similar, 
countermark, anchor between A and N -''■ 
same die ; obscure countermark. 



Similar. 



(KoMMA THNON) 



BAZIAIZZA...A nH <|)IAAAEA 
<l>0Z 



Similar. 



AAKAN ATXIN 

Similar to No. 14 of Antiochus IV 



[Plate lxxi. 4.] 



KINGS OF COMMAGENE 



123 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvebstd 



Reverse 



129-5 



116-5 



111-5 



133 



120-5 



M -86 
JB -9 



M -75 



M -8 



j^ -lb 



EPIPHANES AND CALLINICUS 



Circa 72 a.d. 



After the flight of AntiocJius IV., his two sons made a brief stand against the 

Bomnns. The following coins loere, however, probably issued during the father's 

reign. Nos. 1—3 are analogous to the issues of lotape, except that the princes are 

placed on the obverse of the second denomination. 



BACIAeoc 



(in ex.) 



[Y]lol 

Epiphanes and Callinicns riding 1. on 
horseback, with flying clilamydes ; 
border of dots. 



Similar to No. 9 of Antioobns IV. 



C E H in insor. 



[Plate lxxi. 5.] 

O in inscr. 

\_B.M.C., Pl. XV. 5.] 



Similar. 



Similar, with AAKAN ATGN 



Nos. 4 f. are marked off by their types from the series to lohich 

Nos. 1 ff. belong. Weight and module indicate that they 

correspond to the second denomination. 



BACIA€ 12CYIOI 

(from r., downwards) 
Two cornuacopiae crossed ; out of each 
rises head of one of the princes; 
between cornuacopiae, anchor, above 
which, a star ; border of dots. 



KOMMA r H NUN 

(from r., downwards) 
Tiara, decorated with scorpion ; all 
within laurel-wreath ; border of dots. 



[Plate exxi. 6.] 



[ ] E YIOI 



KOMMA n-l NUN 



E 2 



124 



COMMAGENE 



No. 



Wkight 



Metal 
Size 



56-5 



M -65 



62-, 



JE - 



35 



JE -7 



M -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



COMMAGENE IN GENEBE 

The following jjrobablij belong to circa 72 A.D., when Commagene was 'settled' bij 
being reincorporated, in the province of Syria, to which settlement the Obv. type and 
legend of No. 1 may allude* All the Meo. types of the immediately pn-eceding regal 
coins are no-w made use of except the double cornucopiae, which mny have been felt 
to have been too closely associated -with Epiphanes and Callinicus. 



Bronze 



ni Z (above) 
Tl Z (beneath) 

Two clasped hands, holding a caduceus; 

border of dots. 



KOMMAr HNI2N 

(from 1., upwards) 
Anchor : border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XV. 7.] 



Capricorn r. ; above, star ; border of dots. 



KoMMA TH N2N 

(from r., downwards) 
Tiara ; border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XV. 9.] 



Capricorn r. ; above, star ; border of dots. 



Scorpion; to r,, star; border of dots. 



[JIM.C, Pl. XV. 8.] 

(No. 3 is pierced.) 

CITIES OP COMMAGENE 

ANTIOCHIA AD EUPHRATEM 

Imperial Coinage 

The numerals which appecir on the Rev. of tU coins of many S„r!„u towns, as 
on J\o. 1 0/ Antiochia, probably indicate the month of i-,s.s»,-.t 

M. Anrelius 



AYTOKPATOPAKAIC APAMAP 
KONAYPHAIONANTWNINON 

(fi'om 1., upwards) 
Bust of M. Anrelius 1., laur., weaiinc 
cairass and paludatneutum. 



ANTIOX€WNnPoC€Y<l)PATHN 

(from 1,, upwards) 
Bust of Athena 1., wearing crested 
Cormthian helmet and aegis ; beneath, 
A 

[Plate lxxi. 7.] 



* See W. Wroth, B.U.C., p. xlviii. 

t See Num. Chron., 4fch Series, iii., pp. 105 ff. 



ANTIOCHIA AD EUPHRATEM— DOLTCHB 



125 



No. 



Weight 



2 
3 



Metal 
Size 



.E -So 
a: -85 



M -85 



iE -95 
M -95 



M -85 



^ -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 

inscr. partly off coin. 



ANTIOXeWNHPOC €Y<t»PATHN 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar type r. ; no letter. 



inscr. partly off coin. 

[Plate lxxi. 8.] 



L. Varus 



[AYTO]KPATOPAKAICAPAA0Y 
KIONCOYHPON] (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of L. Verus r., laur., wearing 

cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



DOLICHB 

Imperial Coinage 
M. Aurelius and L. Verus 



Heads of M. Aurelius and L. Verus, face 
to face ; both laur. 



no inscr. visible, 
traces of inscr. 



AOAI 

XAIWN 

A within wreath of laurel. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XV. 11.] 



Commodus 



[KOM]MOAON KAICAPOCYION 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of young Commodus r., draped ; 
head bare. 



KOMMOAOC [ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of young Commodus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



126 



COMMAGENE 



No. 



4 
6 
6 



Weight 



91 



117 

87 
72 
64 



Metal 
Size 



yE 1 



JE -96 



M 'So 



M -8 



^ -85 

^ -7.5 

^ -75 

iE -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



GEEMANICIA CAESAREA 

Imperial Coinage 
L. Verus 



AOY AYPH OYHPOCAVr 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of L. Verus 1., laur. 



PMANIK6 



[K]AICAP€WNr 

[WN] 

Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. 
on rock, holding ears of corn in r. ; 
beneath, river-god swimming to front*; 
in field r., A 



[Plate lxxi. 9.] 



Commodus 



AYTKAIAO KOMOAONC€ 

(from L, upwards) 
Bust of Commodus, bearded, r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



KAICA 

repMA 

NIK€nN 

KOM 

B 



within laurel- wreath. 



S AMOS AT A 

Circa 31 B.C. — 38 A.D. 

27*6 autonomous coins of Samosata (lohich loas the capital of Commagene) belong 

probably to the period between Antiochns I. and Antiochus IV., iclien 

no regal money appears to have been issued. 



Beonzb 



Head of Zeus r., laur. 



CAMO (above) 

CATW (in ex.) 

Lion walking- r. 



; border of dots. 



[B.BI.C., Pl. XVI. 3.] 



Lion walking r. ; border' of dots. 



CAMOCATIl (to 1., upwards) 
nOAEjQC (to r., upwards) 
Tyche, draped and turreted, seated r. 
on rock, holding palm-branch in r. 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XVI. 4] 



(no border visible.) 



On the type, see supra, p. 1. 



S AMOS ATA 



127 



No. 



10 



11 
12 

13 

14 



15 
16 



Weight 



125-5 
59 



60-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -75 



M -65 



M -9 



M -8 

J& -85 

M -75 

M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -6 
M -6 



Similar ; type barbarous ; no border. 



Eagle r., witli open wings ; border of 
dots. 



Similar ; type barbarous, 
inscr. barbarous, 
inscr. rude. 



CAM[0] (to r., downwards) 

LATtO (to 1., downwards) 

Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne, holding in extended r. Nike r., 
and leaning with 1. on sceptre. 



[Plate lxxi. 10.] 

Imperial Coinage, 
llie em from ichich Nos. 13 ff. are dated begins in 71 a.d. 



Hadrian 



AAPIANOC C€BACTOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



AAPIANOC C€BAC • €TZ [= 

131 A.D.] Similar, 
title and date off coin. 



AAPIANOC C€BACTOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type, without cuirass. 



<t>A CAMO MHTPO 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Tyohe r., tnrreted and veiled. 



[Plate lxxi. 11.] 



<|)AA 

CAMO 

MHTPO 

KOM 

all within wreath, between the ends of 
which, a patera. 



Similar. 



C A (in field, above) 

Winged caduceus ; in field, date. 

% J t = 130A.I,.] 

IB.M.C, Pl. XVI. 6.] 



128 



COMMAGENE 



No. 



17 



18 



19 



20 



21 

22 



23 

24 



Size 



M -9 



M -95 



M 1 



M -85 



M -9 



^ -9 



M 1 
^ 1 



Oeveese 



Eeveese 



Antoniims Pins 



Inscr. from ],, upwards. Bust of Anto- 
ninus Pius r., laur., draped. 



. . . . KAITIAIAAAPIANT(UN€I 
NOC 



AVTOKAI • TIAIAAAPIANTWN 
€INOCC€B€VC€ 



[A]YTO KAI T! • AIA AAPI • 
ANTWN6INOC 



Inscr. from ]., upwards. Tyche, draped 
and turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding 
ears of corn in r. ; beneath, liver-god 
Euphrates swimming to front.* 

<l> CAMOC l€P ACY AYTONO 
[MHTP] KOM 



<t> CAMOC l€P ACY AYTONO 
MHTP KOM 



«l> CAMOC l€P ACY AYTONO 
MHTP K[OM] 

[Of. B.M.G., Pl. XVI. 10.] 



M. Aurelius 



AYT- KAIC- M [__ ] 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



<|)CAMI€PACYAYT _ _ 
MHTP ■ KOM (from r., downwards) 

Similar type. 



Inscr. from r., downwards: Bust of 
L. Verus 1., laur., wearing cuirass and 
paludamentum . 

AKAAVPH 



AYKAICAAY - . OCC€B 



L. Verus 

<t»CAMOI€PA 



Similar type. 



MHTPKOM 

(from r., downwards) 



CAM MHT- KOM 



Septimius Severus 



AC€n C€OYHPOCn€PTIN 
AZC€B (to r., downwards) 

Head of Septimius Severus 1., laur. 



^AACAMOCAT€I2N THC MH 

TPOnO (to r., downwards) 

Two female busts, draped and turreted 
face to face. ' 



iuscr. obscure. 
€12 N doubtful. 
' [Cf. J]M.C., Pl. XVI. 7.] 

* Ou this type, see sitpra, p. 1. 



SAMOSATA 



129 



No. 



26 



28 



29 



30 
31 
32 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



.E 1 



yE -9 



M -75 



M 1-25 



M 1 



M 1-3 
tE 1-35 
M 1-4 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Caracalla 



AYT-K MAY ANTWNINOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of young Caracalla r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



AYTKMAY 

Similar. 



ANTWNINOC C€B 



AVTKMA ANTWNIN0CC€B 

(from 1., upwards 
Similar. 



<|)CAM[ ] MHTPOKOMM 

(from r., downwards) 
T3-clie, draped and turreted, seated '1. 
on rock, holding ears of corn in r. ; 
beneath, river-god Euphrates swimming 
to front. 



<|>CAMoCAT€WN MHTPo 
KOMMA (from r., downwards) 

Two female busts, draped and turreted, 
face to face ; between them an eagle. 

eaD^le in field above. 



[ ]€WN MHTPO- KoM 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar. 



eagle in field beneath. 



Elagabalus 



AVTKAIM AV ANTnN€INOCC 

€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., draped. 



AVTKAIMAPAV ANTI2N€!NO 

CC (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Elagabalus, slightly bearded, r., 
radiate, wearing cuirass and paluda- 
mentum. 



CAMO CAT6I1N (from 1., upwards) 
Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. 
on rock, holding ears of corn in r. ; 
beneath her feet, Pegasos running 1. 



CAMOC AT€£1N 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar ; but oq r. hand, eagle. 



Philippus Senior 



AVTOKKMIOVAI<|)IAinnOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



head radiate. 



<|>ACAMOCAT€WNMHTPOnK 

OM (from 1., upwards) 

Similar ; Tyche holds ears of corn in 
r. hand ; eagle perched on her r. arm. 



(MHTPOKOM) 



[Plate lxxi. 12.] 



VOL. III. 



130 



COMMAGENE 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obveese 



Reverse 



33 



34 



35 



M 1-25 



M 1-15 



^ 1-1 



42-5 



M -6 



M -95 
M -95 



Similar, with AVTOKKM AIOV<|>l Al 

nnocc€B 



AVTOKKM IOVAI<|)IAinnOCC€B 

(from 1., "ujj wards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior 1., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar, with <|>AACAMO CAT€(ON 



Similar, with CAMOCA TEXIN ; no 

eagle. 



AVTOKKM IOYAI<t>IAinnOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Junior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Philippus Junior 

Similar, with CAMOCHT6I2N 



[Plate lxxi. 13.] 



ZEUGMA 

Imperial C'oiiiaije 

The date on No. I is prohaUy reckoned from the year of Actium, wJiicli urns also 

the year of the original incorporation of ConwuKjeiie in Provincia Syria. 

The single numerals appear to record the month of striking.* 



Trajan 



SeYrA\ AT€a)N (from l., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



Lyre (chclys) ; beneath, 5PAHT6 [-- 

107 A.D.] 



(No 1 is double-struck.) 

[Plate lxxi. 14.] 
Antoninus Pius f 



Inscr. from r., downwards. 
Antoninus Pius 1., laur. 



Head of 



[ ] ANTWNINON[ 

AVTKPA KAICTIAIA 



Z€Y TMA T€WN 

^ (from 1., downwards) 

letrastyle temple, with peribolos en- 
closmg grove and having a colonnade 
(indicated by roof slabs) running down 
on 1. and r. to join the portico or 
panelled wall of two storeys which rises 
in front. 

in field r., A 
in field r., A 



* See Num. Chron., 4th Series, iii., pp. 105 flF. 

t Ou the arrangement here followed, see Num. Chron., 4th Stries iii. 



pp. 105 fi'. 



ZEUGMA 



131 



No. 



9 
10 



11 

12 



13 



Weight 



14 



Metal 
Size 



M -9 

M -9 

M -8 

M -9 



Obverse 



Hevebse 



..y 



M -8 



M -95 



M -85 



M -9 
JE -9 



J3 -8 



M 1-3 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Similar type r. 



]ITAIAAAPIA- ANT[ 

]AITITAIA[ ] ANTW[ 

(countermai'k, star of five rays). 

[ ] ANTWNINOC - -[ 

]ITAIAAAPIA- A[ 

(countermark, star of five rays). 



Similar. 



lANAAP . . A/ {sic) [- - 



[ ] AAVIAITIA>I- {sic, from r., 

upwards ; head 1.) 



]TIAIAAAPIAN 



[---] 



Similar ; above temple, crescent with 
horns upwards. 

in field 1., B ; (crescent off coin) 

in field 1., € 

in field 1., so 
in field 1., rc 



S€YrAA ATeWN (from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; no crescent ; all within 
wreath of laurel. 

in field r., A 

[Plate lxxi. 15.] 
beneath type, € 

beneath type, S 



L. Verus 



KAI AOYAYP OYHPONAYT O 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of L. Verus r., laur. 



inscr. partly ofE coin. 



Similar ; head radiate, 
only AY legible. 



Z€YrMA 
TeOJN 

with numeral beneath ; all in laurel- 
wreath. 



r (?) 

A 

Similar. 

r 



IB.M.C, Pl. XVI. 12.] 



Elagabalus 



AVTKAIMAVANT£lN€INOCC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r.,laur. and draped. 



S€YrA\ A T€£2N (from 1., upwards) 
Tetrastyle temple as on No. 2 ; between 
central pillars, pellet; beneath type, 
Capricorn r. 

s 2 



132 



COMMAGENE — CYRRHESTIC A 



No. 



Weight 



15 

16 



17 



19 



Metal 
Size 



^ 1-2 



JE I'lo 



M -9 



vE 1-15 



^ 1-15 



M 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Philippus Senior 



AVTOKKMIOVAI<l)IAinnOCCEB 

(from 1., upvpards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



countermark, eagle r., with closed wings. 



Similar, with head instead of bust. 



Similar, with X2 ; but, between central 
pillars, draped statue seated to front, 
leaning with 1. on sceptre ; base of 
pediment arched. 



S€rM AT€f2N (s/c, from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; statue obsoare ; base of 
pediment straight, with crescent above 
it ; no Capricorn. 

[Plate lxxi. 16.] 



Otaoilia Severa 



MAPnTAKIAC€OYHPANC€B 

(fx'om 1., upwards) 
Bust of Otacilia Severa r., draped ; be- 
hind shoulders, crescent. 

obscure countermark. 



S€YrM AT€aN (from 1., upwards) 
Type similar to Nos. 15 f. ; beneath, 
Capricorn 1. 



[Cf. JUI.C, PL. .XVI. 13.] 



Philippus Junior 

AVTOKKMIOVAI<|)IAinnOCC€B Similar, but capr 
(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Junior r., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 

obscure countermark. 



Cyerhestica 

BEROEA 

Bronze 
Time of Hadrian (?) 



icorn r. 



Head of Tycho r., veiled and turreted ; 
border of dots. 



B€ 
POI 

A 



all within wreath. 



[Plate lxxi. 17.] 



BEROEA 



133 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



9 
10 



M 1-05 
^ 1 

M 1 

M 1 



M -t; 



M -6 



M -5 



M -9 
M -95 



Imperial Coinage 
Trajan 



AVTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA 
PICTC€Br€PMAAKnAPe 

(from beneatli, towards 1.) 
Head of Tra,jan. r., laur. 



inscr. partly illegible, 
inscr. partly illegible. 

inscr. partly off coin. 

Similar. 

last part of inscr. off coin. 



B€POI 

AIWN 

Beneath, a numeral ; all within wreath 
of laurel. 

A 

B 

r 

[B.M.C, Pl. XVII. 1.] 
H 

Similar. 
A 



Hadrian 



AVTOKPAKAIC TPAIAAPI 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Hadrian r., laur. 



B € (in field) Branch of laurel ; all 

within laurel -wreath. 



[Plate lxxi. 18.] 



.- TPAAAPIAN 

Similar ; execution rude. 



BgpOl A ICON (from r., downwards) 
Branch of laurel. 



Antoninus Pius 



AVT KAITIAIAAAPIAN TGJN€ 

||VIO[ ] (from beneath, towards 1.) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



first three letters also off coin. 



B€POI 

AICON 

Beneath, a numeral ; all within wreath 
of laurel. 



A 
B 



134 



CYRRHBSTICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metai, 
Size 



Obveese 



Reverse 



M 1-1 
M 1-05 



^ 76 



^ -75 



M -9 
^ -85 
^ -95 



^ -9 
iE -9 



CYREHUS 

Imperial Coinage 
Trajan 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Trajan 
r., laur. 



AYTO [ ] TPAIANOCAPICT 

OCC€Br€PA\AAK 

AYTO[---]NOCAPICTOC€B--- 



Similar. 



AYTOKPKAINCPTPAIANOCAPIC 
TC€Br€P/vAAAK 

KPKAICN €Br6PMAA 

KnAP 



AlOC K ATAI B ATOYKYP PHCT 

(ON (from 1., upwards) 

Zeus Kataibates, wearing himation whicli 
leaves r. shoulder bare, seated 1. on 
rock, holding thunderbolt in extended 
r., and leaning with I. on sceptre; in 
ex., numeral letter. 

B(?) 

B 

[B.M.C., Pl. XVII. 4.] 



KYPPHC 

TWN 

B 
B 



beneath, a numeral ; all 
within laurel- wreath. 



Antoninus Pius 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Anto- 
ninus Pius r., laur. 



lANTWNINOCCCB 

[ ] ANTWNIN 

AYTOKPATC0PK6CAPTITOC--- 
NINOCC6B 



AloCKATAIBAToY KYPPHCTWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Zeus Kataibates, seated 1., as on Nos. 
If.; in front of him, eagle; in field r., 
numeral letter. 

A inscr. partly ofi coin. 

A J! „ 

B 



M. Aurelius 



PHAIoCoYH PoCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Youthful head of M. Aurelius r., laur. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Similar type 
with eagle; in field r., B 



AloCKATAIBAToY KYPPHCTHN 
[ ]ToYKY PPHCTflN 



CYRRHUS 



135 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



10 

11 



12 

13 
14 

15 



16 



17 

18 



19 



M 1 
^ -95 



M -95 

^ -85 
JE -85 

M -85 



M -9 



M -95 

M -8 



M 1-2 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of M. 
Aurelius r., laur. 

AYT0KA\AYPHAI ANTilNINoC 
C€B 

AYTKMAYPHA ANTnN[. _] 



Similar type, with eagle ; in ex., numeral 
letter. 

AloCKAT€ BA ToYKYPPHCT 

XI N (from 1., upwards) ; A (?) 

AIOCKAT [ ] KYPPHCTflN 

(from r., downwards) ; ex. off coin. 

[Plate lxxi. 19.] 



L. Verus 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of L. 
Verus r., laur. 

[ ] OYHPOCCCB 

AYTKAAYP HAO[ 
[ ] HAOYHPOC 

traces of inscr. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Similar type, 
with eagle. 

KYPPHCTHN AIOCKATAIBAT 

OY 
[ ] Y KYPPHCTUN (ex. ofi coin) 

[_--]T€BA TOYKYPHC[. ] 

(ex. off coin) 

AIOCKAT6BATO YKYPPHCTIl 

N (ex. off coin) 



Commodus 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of young 
Commodus r., laur. 

[__]AAVPHA KOMMOAO-- 



AVToKPAAoV AVKoMMoAoN 

Similar. 



Similar ; abovo head of eagle, A 
[ ] PPHCTilN 

Similar ; in field r., B 
A!OCKAT€BAT O VKVPP[- _] 
AI0CKAT€BA[T] o VKVPPHCT 



Philippus Junior 



AVTOKKM IOVAI<l>IAinnOCC 

€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Philippus Juuior r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludameutum. 



AlOC KA T€B ATOV 

(from 1., upwards) 
KVPHCTXIN (sic, in ex.) Hexastyle 
temple, Avithin which is statue of Zeus 
Kataibates, seated 1., with eagle at his 
feet, as on the preceding coins ; the 
base of the pediment is arched so as to 
form a canopy for him ; above temple, 
ram running r. 

IB.BI.C, PL. XVII. G.] 



136 



CYRRHESTICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



26-5 
25 



M -5 



M 



^ M 
^ 1 



^ 1-1 



M 1-1 



Obverse 



Keteese 



HIEROPOLIS 

Imperial Times 

Nos. 1 f. are dated according to the Seleucid Era, and belong to the time 
of Antoninus Pius. For a higher denomination, see B.M.C., PI. xvil. 8. 
The issue was probably due to some special occasion. It is worth noting 
that the same year sciio an abundant issue of pseudo-autonomous piieces 

at Antioch. 

ICPOflO AITflN (from 1., upwards) \ Ljre (chelys) ; on either side, date; above, 
Head of Apollo r., laur. numeral letter. 

€TO (1., upwards) ZVN (r., downwards) 

[=145 B.C.]; r(?) 



I € illegible. 



€TZ (L, upwards) NVO (r., downwards) 

[ = 145 B.C.]; r 



[Plate lxxi. 20.] 

Impierial Coinai/c 
Trajan 

For the ' Syrian goddess ' alluded to on the Bee. of the coins of thi 
and following reigns, see No. 24 iff. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of Trajan 
r., laur. and draped. 



-- KAICNePOYTPAIANOCAPIC 
TC€Br€PA\AAK 

AYTOKAICN6PTPAIANOCAPIC 
TOCC€ - - - 



Similar ; but bust, with cuix-ass and palu- 
damentum. 

PAIANOCAPlCTC€BrMAn 

AP [sic) 



Similar. 

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA 
PICTC6B [- -] AAKHAPe 



e€ACCYPI 
ACI€POnO 

Beneath, numeral letter; all within 
laurel- wreath, between the ends of 
which, a patera. 



A 
A 



Similar, with GCACCYPIA 

ciePonoAi 

B 



Siinilai-, with 0€ACCYPI 
ACl€POn 



HIEROPOLIS 



137 



No. 



9 

10 
11 



12 

13 
14 
15 



16 



17 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



M -9 

M -85 

M -9 

M -85 

M -8 



M -95 

^ -9 

^ -85 

M -85 



^ -9 
M -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Antoninus Pius 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Anto- 
ninus Pius r., laur. 



[---]IAAAPI ANTa)N€IN[---] 

[---] €INOCCeB€[---] (bust with 
pal udamentum ) 

[.-_] NTWN€INOC€B 

--]K AITIAIAAAPIAN [.--] 

AYTOKAITITAIAAAPI[---] (bust 
witb paludamentum) 



Similar, showing bust, with cuirass and 
paludamentum. 

__.TITAIAAAPI [---] 

---IAAAP-- ANT(jON[---] 

[...] ANTWNeiNOCC€B 

[_..] ...NOCC€B--- 



e€ACCYPI 

ACiepono 

Beneath, numeral letter; all within 
laurel-wreath, between the ends of 
which, a patera. 



A 

r 



A 

Z 



Similar, with GCACCYP 

lAciePono 

B 
B 

r 
z 



M. Aurelius 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of M. 
Aurelius r., laur. 



[. .-] ANTWNINOC 



AYT KA 
NO C 



AYP. - ANTOaNI 



e€ACCYPI 
ACI€POnO 

Beneath, numeral letter ; all within 
laurel-wreath, between the ends of 
which, a patera. 



e 

lA 



[Plate lxxi. 21.] 



18 



M 'So 



L, Verus 



Inscr. from r., downwards. Head of L. 
Verus 1., laur. 

AYTKAI[--] [---] 



Similar, with A in inscr. 
A (patera not visible) 



VOL. 111. 



138 



CTRRHESTICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveksb 



19 
20 



21 



22 
23 



24 



25 



26 



JR -9 
M 1 



M -9 



iE -7 
^ -7 



tE l-lo 



Ji; 1-1 



M M 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Similar busb r. 
[.._] AYPHOVHPOC 
---H OYHPOCAYC---] 



Similar, with A 
A (patera off coin) 
Z 



[B.M.C. Pl. XVII. 9.] 



Commodus 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Com- 
modus r., bearded, and laur. 



[-.-] KOMOAONC€B 

Similar. 

[-.-] KOMOAONCeB 
AAIAVPHAION [. . .] 



e€ACCY 

PIACI6PO 

nOA€ITWN 

All within wreath, between the ends of 
which, a patera. 



e€AC (above) 

CVPIAC (beneath) 

Lion walking r. ; beneath lower line 
of inscr., A ; all within laurel-wreath, 
between the ends of which, a patera. 



Caracalla 



AVTOKAI [ ] ANTIININOC 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Caracalla 1., laur., wearing cuirass 
and aegis. 



Inscr. from r., downwards. Bust of 
Caracalla r., laur., wearing cuirass and 
paludamentum. 

[A]VTOKPATnPKAIMAPKOC 
AVPHANTflNE ] 



Similar, with head only. 

AVTOK MAP KAVPH ANXn 
NINOC- 



e€Accv [P] lAciepono 

(from 1., upwards) 
AITHN (in ex.) 
The Syrian goddess Atergatis, wearing 
chiton, peplos and high head-dress, 
seated r. on throne with back; she 
leans with r. elbow on arm of throne, 
and holds in 1. hand a tympanum ; her 
throne is guarded on each side by a 
lion r. 

[Plate lxxi. 22.] 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Similar type. 

esAccvpiAc leponoAiTiiN 

Inscr. from r., downwards. Similar type. 

eeAccvpiACi€Po no [ajithn 



HIEROPOLIS 



139 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



27 



M -9 



28* 



M -9 



29 



202-2 



M -95 



30 



M 1-05 



31 



M 1-1 



Obverse 



Similar. 



AVTOKPAKAI [. 
NOC 



1HANTI2NI 



Revekse 



e€AC . . 
PIACI€PO 
nOAITUN 

All witliin a laurel-wreath, between the 
ends of which, a patera. 



Caracalla and Julia Domna 



Traces of inscr. 
laur. 



Head of Caracalla 1., 



[ ] ACI€POnO 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Domna r., draped, 



Macrinns 

Silver 
On this Imperial silver coinage in Syria, see under Antioch, No. 239. 



AVTKMOn€AC€ MAKP€IN 
OC C€ (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Macrinus r., laur., wearing 

cuirass and paludamentum. 



AHMAPX €Z V [ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head r., hold- 
ing wreath in its beak ; between legs, 
lion striding r. 



[Plate lxxi. 23.] 



Severus Alexander 



AVTKAIMAPAVPC €AA€3EAN 

A [- ] (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



AVTKAIMAPAVPC6 AA€EA 

[ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Seyerus Alexander r., laur. 



i:e]€ACCVPIACI €POnOAI[T] 

£1 N (from 1., upwards) 

The Syrian goddess Atergatis on throne, 
as on Nos. 24 ff. ; but seated 1., with 
1. elbow on arm of throne, and tym- 
panum in r. 

[Plate lxxi. 24.] 



e€ACCVPIAC l€POnO AITI2N 

(from 1., upwards) 
The Syrian goddess Atergatis, wearing 
chiton, peplos and high head-dress, 
riding 1. on lion ; she sits sideways, 
but looks forward ; her r. supports 
tympanum, which I'ests on lion's neck, 
while she holds sceptre in 1. 



[Plate lxxi. 25.] 



* This coin has been deliberately defaced on the obverse, the features of Caracalla being 
entirely destroyed. 

T 2 



140 



CHALCIDICB 



No. 



Weight 



Metai, 
Size 



32 



M 1-05 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Philippus Senior 



AVTOKKMIOVAI <|)|AinTTOCC 
€B 

Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., 
vcearing cuirass and palndamentum. 



2E -95 



JE 1 



jn 'go 



e€AC cvpiAciepono 

(from L, upwards) 
AITIiN (in ex.) 
The Syrian goddess Atergatis, riding 
on lion, as on No. 31 ; but type r., 
and sceptre held in r., while 1. hand 
rests on her lap. 



Chalcidice 



CHALCIS 



Imperial Coinage 



The occurrence of the elate 25 on coins both of Trajan and of Hadrian 

{Nos. 2 f., Nos. 6 f.) shoivs that this city used an era beginning in 92 a.d. 

Possibly it was in that year that it received the title of ' Flavia,' which 

would thus be bestowed in honour of Domitian. 



Trajan 



AYT [ ] _ _ C€Br€AAAAKn _ _ 

(sic; from beneath, upwards, towards 1.) 
Bust of Trajan r., laur., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentum. 



AYTOKPKAICN6PTPAIANOCA 
[-_-] rePAAAAKHAPe 

Similar. 



AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA 
PICTC€Br6P/v\AAKnAP 

Similar. 



<I>A • XAA 
KIA€(ON 

Beneath, a numeral letter; all within 
laurel- wreath, between the ends of 
which, a patera. 



[B.M.a, Pl. xvni. 1.] 



Similar; but beneath, K € [ = 117 A. D.] 



<I>AA XAAKIA (from 1., upwards) 
Helios, radiate and wearing himation, 
standing to front, head 1., upon pedestal ■ 
be holds palm-branch in r., and in 1. 
spear and small round shield. 

infield, beneath, K € [:^117 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxi. 26.] 



CHA.LCIS— SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



141 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -95 
JE 1-1 



M -9 



M 1 



236 



M 1 



Hadrian 



Inscr. from. 1., upwards. Bust of Hadrian 
r., laur., paludamentam over shoulder. 



[ ] CTPAIA NOCA 

AYTOKPK . . CTPAIA NOCAA 
PIANOC-- 



Similar. 

KAICTPAI-- [ ] 

Similar. 

AYTOKPKAICTPAIA NOCAAP[ 



<I>A • XAA 
KIAEWN 

Beneath, a numeral letter; all within 
wreath of laurel, between the ends of 
which, a patera. 



B 
A 



Similar; but beneath, K € [ = 117 A.D.] 



0A • XAAKIAeWN HAIOC€IP 

OC K € [ = 117 A.D.] (from 1., upwards) 
Helios standing, as on No. 3 ; no 
pedestal. 



[Plate lxxi. 27.] 



Seleucis and Pieria 

Second Century B.C. 

Antioch, Apamea, Laodicea ad Mare, and Seleucia Pieria — all founded hy 
Seleucus Nikator, and named after members of the family— formed a group 
of four cities that were at one time hound to each other hy specially close 
ties ; they were called the ' sisier ' cities* The coins for this group were pro- 
haUy minted, not at Antioch, as has usually been supposed, but at Seleucia 
Pieria. \ These pieces, u^ich are dated according to the Seleucid 
Era, were issued in three denominations. 



Bronze 



Two bearded heads, jugate, r., each wear- 
ing taenia ; border of dots. 



AAEA<|>inN (to r., downwards) 
AHMHN (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne, holding on extended r. Nike L, 
and leaning with 1. on sceptre ; date in 
ex. ; monograms above and beneath 
inscr. 

EZP [=147 B.C.] ; 2f\ (above) ; BY (be- 
neath) . 

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl.'xviii. 6.] 

» Strabo, xvi. 749, „^ _^ ,,^, 

t Some of the most characteristic monograms (BY, B<I> H) are found on contemporary 

coins of Seleucia, 



142 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



132 

132-5 
131 



52-5 



71 



67 



128 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



M -86 



M -9 



JE -7 

M -7 
M -7 



JE -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



AAEA<l>r2N (to r., dovpnvs'ards) 
AHMflN (to 1., downwards) 
Thunderbolt, winged ; above inscr., 
date and monogram ; beneath, one or 
two monograms ; all within laurel- 
wreath. 

AHP[=148b.C.]; B<J (above); I^f /^ 
(beneath). 

EZP [=147 B.C.]; B1 (above); BY (be- 
neath). 



as preceding. 
[B.M.C., Tl. xvm. 7.] 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; bow and quiver 
at shoulder ; border of dots. 



AAEA<|>flN (to r., downwards) 
AHMIIN (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes, with holmos; in ex., date; 
above inscr., one or two monograms; 
beneath, a monogram ; all within laurel- 
wreath. 



AHP [=148b.c.]; B1 
(beneath). 



' (above) ; y^ 



[Cf. BM.C, Pl. XVIII. 5.] 



EiP [ = 147 B.C.]; B1 (above); BY (be- 
neath). 

as preceding. 



The following, which is undated, obviously belongs to a different, 
probably a later, issue* 



Tvv-o bearded heads, jugate, r., each wear- 
ing taenia ; border of dots. 



AAEA<|)I2N (to r., downwards) 
AHMflN (to 1., downwards) 
Tyche of city, wearing high head-dress, 
chiton and peplos, standing 1., holding 
wreath in extended r., and cornucopiae 
in 1. ; in field 1., y^ 



[B.M.G., Pl. XVIII. 8.] 



* If the Obv. type may be taken as an indication, No. 8 correqnoTids +n +l,o .qo^„„ • a- 
represented by No I In that case there has been a rknc ion 0?^ by aW ahal? I'J 



ANTIOCH 



143 



No. 



Weight 



2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 



Metal 
Size 



132 

138 

117 

140 

120-5 

108 

118 

131 

117 

123 

145 

121 

122 

137 

131-5 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -75 



M 
M 
M 
M 
M 
M 
M 
M 

m 

M 
M 
M 



85 
85 
85 
85 
85 



85 

9 

76 

8 

75 



ANTIOCH 

First Century B.C. 

Antioch had been a mint during tlie days of the Seleucid monarchy* Subsequently 
the city itself issued bronze coins, usually in two or three denominations. As a 
ride, each issue extends over a series of years, and is followed by a period during 
lohich the mint appears to have been idle. The types of the highest, which is also 
the commonest denomination, varied but little. In the case of the lower deno- 
minations changes were not infrequent. At first the dates are reclconed accord- 
ing to the Seleucid Era. The earliest of the following must have been contemporary 
with the latest silver issues of the Seleucid Icings : see supra, p. 100. 

Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. ANTIOXE12Nt (to r., downwards) 

MHTPOnOAEQZ (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated ]. on 
throne with back, holding on extended 
r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on long 
sceptre ; in ex., date; to 1., inside inscr., 
monogram, letter or symbol. 

AKS [=91 B.C.] ; 1§ ; (to r. of date, <|)) 

[Plate lxxi. 28.] 

PKS [ = 89 B.C.] ; branch of laurel. 

TKS [=89b.c.]; H 

as preceding. 

AKS [ = 88 B.C.]; <|)(?) 

EKZ [ = 87 B.C.]; handle of rudder (to r.) 

EKZ [=87 B.C.]; A; palm-branch (to r.) 

EKZ [=87 B.C.]; jjj 

EKZ[=87b.c.]; a above star of eight rays. 

ZKZ [=85 B.C.]; pomegranate; A (tor.) 

ZKZ [=85 B.C.]; head-dress of Isis. 

HKZ [=84 B.C.] ; cornucopiae. 

AAZ [=81 B.C.]; V^ 

as preceding ? 

PAZ [ = 79 B.C.] ; nothing visible. 

* See supra, p. 31. 

t The insor. is often partly off the flan, -while the forms of 0. and H vary somewhat. 



144 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



16 
17 

18 



19 

20 

21 
22 
23 

24 
25 



26 
27 



Weight 



93 
112 
129-5 



47-5 

49-5 

96-5 
54-5 
79-5 
75-5 
73 



184 
153 



Metal 

iSiZE 



M -7 
M -S 
M -8 



M -65 

M -7 

M -6 

^ -6 

JE -6 

iE -6 

M -6 



Ji 1 
iE -95 



Obvbesh 



Reverse 



Head of the Tyclie of Antioch r., veiled 
and turreted ; border of dots. 



CAZ [=77b.c. ?]; nothing visible. 
q"AZ [=76 B.C.]; crescent upwards, 
date off coin ; star of eight rays. 



ANTIOXEHN 



(to r., downwards) 



THZ 
MHTPOTTOAEnZ (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes, out of which rise three 
branches of laurel; in ex., date; to 1., 
inside inscr., monogram, letter, or 
symbol. 

EKZ [=87 B.C.] ; A above star of eight 
ray a. 

[B.M.C, Pl. xviii. 10.] 

EKZ* [=87 B.C.]; N and handle of 
rudder. 

[Plate lxxi. 29.] 

ZKZ [=85b.c.]; head-dressof Isis (tor.). 

SKZ [=85 B.C.] ; head-dress of Isis. 

AAZ [=8lB.c.]; ^ 

BAZ [ = 80 B.C.]; nothing visible. 

MZ [ = 72 B.C.]; |S](?) 



The influence of the rioinan conquest now sliows itself in the adoption of the 

Caesarian Era as the method of reclconing. At Antioch this began in 

49 B.C. llie new titles should be noted, as well as the increase 

in the weight and module of the pieces.\ 

Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. ANTIOXEHNTHZ (to r., 

MHTPOTTOAEHZ downwards) 
lEPAZKAIAZYAOY (to 1., 
AYTONOMOY downwards) 
Zeus, seated r. with Nike, as on 
Nos. 1 f£, ; in ex., date; to 1., inside 
inscr., symbol; above, a thunderbolt; 
all within laurel- wreath. 

r [=46 B.C.] ; palm-branch, 
as preceding. 

it wilh'No 'e'*^ '^ ""' '^"''^ ''''^'^'"' ■^''^ ^^^ ^'^''^ °* ^^^ ''°'"' "° "^^^ *'"*" *^^ symbol, associates 
t If the dates on Mionnet v., p. 152, Nos. 40 and 41, have been correctly read then these 
pieces represent respectively the second and third denomination of this issue. The form of the 
inscription would rather associate them with Nos. 36 ff., intra. (Mionnet v., -n 152 Nn -^Q ,•= 
misdesoribed ; the titles axe as on Nos. 26 f., supra.) . "o- o» is 



ANTIOCH 



145 



No. 

28 
29 



Weight 



171 
152 



30 



233 



Metal 
Size 



31 



32 



33 



190 



M -95 
M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M 1 



76-5 



88 



vol. m. 



M 1 



M -7 



JR -8 



(countermark, head of Apollo r.) 



Similar. 



^ [=45 B.C.] ; liead-dress of Isis. 
A [=45 ]3.c.] ; (?) 



tA]NT^OX_EnN (t„ r^ downwards) 

A^TOn'oMOY (to 1, downwards) 
Similar ; but no thunderbolt above. 



H [=4lB.C.]; ^ 
IB.M.C, Pl. XVIII. 12.] 



No. 31 shows marled signs of reaction* The old method of dating is rerived, 
while the border of the obverse is also reminiscent of the Seleucid coinage. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; over shoulder, a 
palm-branch ; bead and reel border. 



[AN]TIOXEr2[N] (tor., 

[TH]ZMHTPOnO downwards) 

[AE]nZTHZIEPAZ (to 1., 
[KA]IAZYAOY downwards) 
Similar ; symbol repeated beneath 
throne. 

BOX [=40 B.C.] ; pilos, surmounted by 

star. 



[Pl.ATE LXXI. 30.] 



With Nos. 82 fi. the Caeiarian Era reappears, and is not again abandoned. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



ANTIOXEHN (to r., 

MHTPOTTOAEnZ downwards) 
AYTONOMOY (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes, from which rise three 
branches of laurel ; in ex., date. 

Al [=38 B.C.]; to r. of type, cornu- 
copiae. 



[Cf. Jl.M.C, Vi. XIX. 2.] 



: Bl [=37 B.C.]; to 1. and r. of type, 
i cornucopiae. 



* A similar lAenomenon occurrea in the same year at Apamea ; see infra, ApaMea, No. 

U 



UQ 



SELEUCIS AND PIKRIA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse * 








Head of Tyclie of Antiooli r., veiled and 
turreted ; border of dots. 


[A]NTlOXEnN (tor., 
MHTPOTTOAEIIZ downwards) 
[A]YTONOMOY (to 1., downwards) 
Poppy, flanked by two ears of com ; on 
either side of stalk of poppy, bunch 
of grapes ; in field beneath, date. 


34. 


50-5 


jE -65 


[Plate 


A 1 [=38 B.C.] ; inscr. partly off coin. 
LXXI. 31.] 


35 


59 


Ji -65 




A 1 [=38 B.C.]; inscr. partly eff coin. 


Head of Zeus r., laur.; border uf dots. 


ANTIOXEHN (tor., downwards) 
1 Hi. 










MHTPOTTOAEJQS (to 1., downwards) 










Zeus seated 1., as on Nos. 1 fl:. ; but 










Nike I. ; in _ex., date ; to 1., inside 










inscr., symbol; above, thunderbolt; all 










within laurel- wreath. 


PS 


183-5 


A<: 1 


(countermark, head of Apollo r.) 


10 [=30 B.C.]; cornucopiae. 


37 


170 


jE -9 




@| [ = 30 B.C.]; cornucopiae; (thunder- 
bolt not visible.) 


38 


184-5 


JE 1 


(connterjuark, head of Apollo r.) 


as preceding. 


39 


187-5 


A'] -9 




S) )) 








[BJLC., Pl. six. 1.] 


Head of the Tyche of Antioch r., veiled 


ANTIOXEHN (tor.. 


i 






and turretod ; border of dots. 


MHTPonoAEIlZ downwards) 

A VTO N O M O V (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes, from which rise three 
branches of laurel ; in field, date ; all 
within wreath of laurel. 


40 


67 


.'E -7 




E K [=24 B.C.] 


41 


82 


.-E -6 




Z K [=22 B.C.] 


42 


81 


M -65 




as preceding. 








[Plate lxxi. 32.] | 








Similar. 


[A] NTIOX [E] (to r., downwards) 
[AJVTONOM (to 1., downwards) 

Tyche, wearing high head-dress, chiton, 

and peplos. standing 1., holding in r. 

handle of rudder, and in 1. cornucopiae; 

in field beneath, date ; all within \vreath 

of laurel. 


4;! 


45-5 


.E -5 


Similar. 


E K [=24 B.C.] 
Similar (?) 


44 


39 


IE -6 




Z K [= 22 B.C.] ; inscr, obscure. 



ANTIOCH 



147 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Ukvkrse 



jN^o.s-. ,-);! f. ^vi'iii til heloiuj til ilio name (IciKiuiiiiiitioii as Nos. 40 ff. It would iJtns 
appenr ihat in 22 B.C. ilwrc tcere two distinct issues. 



Head of Zens i-.. lanr. ; border of dots. 



4.5 

■u; 



47 
48 
49 



81-0 
83-5 



142 
116 
131 



50* 233-6 



.E -05 
M -65 



^ -8 

yE -8 
JE -7 



ANTIOXEHN (tor., 

MHTPOTTOAEHZ downwards) 

AYTO N O M OY (to 1., downwards) 
Tripod-lebes, out of wliicli rise three 
brandies of laurel ; beneath, date ; all 
within -wreath of laurel. 



ZK [ = 22 B.C.] 

as preceding. 
[Pla-je lx.xi. 33.] 



On noiir of the follon-in{i is the date IciiiJile. It is, there.fore, uncertain 
to what series they belong. The wciijhts suggest that tliey are late. 



Head of Zens r., laur. ; border of dots. 



ANTloXEnN (tor., 

MHTPOTToAEnZ downwards) 

AYTO N O M OY (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, seated 1. on throne as on Nos. 1 ff., 
holding Nike r. ; in ex. , traces of date ; 
to 1., inside inscr., sj'mbol ; all within 
-wreath of laurel. 



! no symbol. 

palm-branch. 

ear of corn. 
[Pj.ate lxxi. 34.] 



M. Antonius and Cleopatra 

Srr.vEit 

T e t r a d r a c li m 



ANTWNIOCAYTOKPATOJPTPI 

TONTPIWNANAPOJN 



(from I., 
Head of M. Antonius r, 
of dots. 



up-^vards) 

, bare ; bordei- 



/R 1-O.V 



BACIAICCAKA€OnATPA0€AN 
€(|JT€PA (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Cleopatra r., -\voaring diadem, 
earring, and necklace ; there are pearls 
in her hair, -svhile her dress, -which is 
fastened at the shoulder with a brooch, 
.is embroidered -with two rows of pearls 
in front ; border of dots. 



[Platk Lxxri. 1,] 



The attribution of those pieces to Antioch is not certain. 



U 2 



148 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Mktat. 
Size 



51 

52 
53 



228-2 .R 1 

235-4 .11 1-1 
1-05 



233-5 



64 



109-; 



125-5 



JR 



M -8 



iE --8 



Obverse 



Reveese 



Iiiqji'iiid Tinies 

Under iiiipeii'al rule Antioch, as a mint, became second in importance only 

to Borne, silver and senatorial bronze being freely struck, in addition to the 

usual pronncial issues. At times, too, the city appears to have enjoyed 

exceptional privileges. 

Augustus 

A. Imperial (and Municipal') Coinage. 

Silver 

Tlie felradraclims strnch under Aitgn.stus form a class by themselves. They were 

more (fa local issue than most of their successors. They probably represent a 

debased form of the Attic standard, as does all the silver of Antioch. 

They are dated according to the Action Era. 



KAISAPOZZE BAZTOV 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Augustus r., laur. ; bead and 
reel border.* 



(inscr. partly off coin). 



Tlie Tyche of Antiocli, draped and turreted, 
seated r. on rock, holding palm-branch 
in r. ; at her feet, river-god, swimming 
r. ; around, from 1., upwards, ETOVZ 
NIKHZ, with varying date; in field 

r., P^ and TA, with number of consul- 
ship. 

oc K [=6— 5 B.C.] IB 

[B.M.C., Pl. XX. 10.] 

GK[=3b.c.] IB 

eK[=2B.c.] ir 

[Plate lxxii. 2.] 

BliOKZE t 

At first the small change corresponding to the tetradrachms loas furnished by pseudo- 
autonomous pieces in one denomination. They bear the name of the'Eoman legatus, 
and are dated according to the Actian Era. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. 



ANTioxEriN ehioyapoy: 

(from 1., up-wards) 
Similar type ; in field r., date. 



EK [=7— G B.C.] 
[n.M.C, Pl. XIX. 4.] 

I cc K [= 6—5 B.C.] 

coi„:o7inf;or!;nii\rhaTrLr;ordtt^ ^'^^ '=°"*^^-^' " -^-^ '^^ -^-^-^ ^^^^ ^" 

bront^PaLLl^'f'"^,'^''-'''''''"",''*. "'""y °* ^^^ P°'"*s l^^™ touched upon in re-ard to the 
bron.{e comage of early imperial times, see Num. Chron., 1904, pp. 105 ff. " ^ 

t P- CJuintilius Sex. F. Varus, lerjatus of Syria, 7—4 B.C. 



ANTIOCH- 



149 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



56 



117-5 



M -8 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Revekse 



ANTIoXEnN En I OYAPOY 

Similar. 



ZK [=5—4 B.C.] 
[Plate lxxii. 3.] 

In ilie course, of the year 5 — 4 B.C. a much more elaborate system loas introdncrd, 
the new jJteces being struck probably in four denominations. The type ami inscrip- 
tion contain a more than usually direct personal reference* 



KAIZAPIZEBAZTn APXIEPEI 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Augustus r., laur. 



57 

58 
59 



275 

273 
269 



M 1-1 

M 105 
M 1-1 



60 



208 



M 1-05 



61 
62 



137 
118 



^ -85 
^ -85 



63 



114-5 



M -75 



Similar. 



APXIE 

PATIKON 

ANTIOXEIZ 

Beneath, date ; all within archierafcic 
crown. 

ZK [=5— 4 B.C.] 

[Plate lxxh. 4.] 

HK [=4-3b.c.] 

A [=2—1 B.C.] 



Similar. 

ZK [=5— 4b.c.] 



Similar. APXIE 

PATIKON 

ANTIO 

XEIZ 

Similar. 

ZK [ = 5—4 B.C.] 
GK [=3—2 B.C.] 



The preceding series was issued during five successive years. Then, after an internal 

the old system teas reverted to on such occasions as coins were required. The new 

types for the year 11 — 12 a.d. should be noted, as well as the appjearance 

of a second denomination, and the change in the form of the inscription, 

espesially the disappearance of the name of the legatus. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. 



ANTloXEnN ETTIZATOPNNN 

OY {sic, from 1., upwards) OYOAOf 
(in field r.) Similar to Nos. 54 if. 

E,A [=4—5 A.D.] 



* For alternative explanations, see B.M.C., p. 167, footnote, 
t L. Volusius Q. F. Saturninus, lerjatas of Syria, 4-5 a.d. 



150 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



64 



65 



60 
67 

68 



GO 



70 



71 



119 



44-, 



124 

99 

110 



Metal 
Size 



JE -7.: 



JE -6 



^ •7.-| 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Head of 'IVche r., veiled and turreted. 



Reverse 



ANTI[0] XEHNMHTPonoAEnZ 

(from above, towards r.) 
Ram leaping r., with head turned back ; 
above, star of eight rays ; beneath, date. 

BM [ = 11—12 A.D.] 



ANTI [ ] (from 1., uj^wards) 

Three ears of corn on one stalk ; in 
field, date. 



B M [ = 11—12 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxii. 6.] 

With Ihe advait of a iiei.r loijatus, the form of the inscription choiiges, 
the name licimj not only restored, hut placed first. 



Similar to K"o. 64. 



M 1-1 



EniZIAANoV*ANTIoXEIlN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar to No. 64. 

TM [ = 12—13 A.D.] 
AM [=13— 14 A.D.] 



B. Senatorial Coinage 

Beonze 

The semdorial issues ace distingnislied by their characteristic rercrsc and also 

by the use of Latin for the obrcrse inscription. There were, probably, four 

different denominations, the largest beitig the most common. 



IMPAVGVST TR POT 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Augustus r., laur. 

beneath, »^ 



S • C in plain circle ; all within wreath 
of laurel ; plain border. 



[/.'Jl/.r., Pl, XX. 9.] 



/E -95 



/E -9 



AVGVST TR POT 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar type ; head bare. 



Similar ; head laur. 



Similar. 



Similar ; no dot between letters. 



* Q. Caccilias Metellas Creticus Silaaus, legatus ol' Syria, 12—17 



ANTIOCH 



15] 



No. 


AVeight 


Metai. 
Size 


Obverse 1 Keverse 








Tiberius 
,1. Impcviul (iiud MmiUipal) Coiiini/e 
Bronze 






The first year of Tthertus saw the introduction of a system hy which the pseudo- 
autonomous coins were again superseded. There were no correspoadimj silrer 
issues, but the hronxe ums apparently struck in tivo dcnoudnnlioiis. 


i 

1 


Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Tiberius 
r., bare. 


Enizi 

AANOV 

ANTIO 

XEHN 

Beneath, date ; above, regnal year ; the 
■whole in plain circle, which is enclosed 
by laurel-wreath. 


72 ' 211 ' .E 1-05 


ZEBAZTOZZEBA ZToVKAIZAP 


EM[ = 14a.d.] a 


73 


245 ; .E 1 


ZEBAZTo ZZEB A 


GM[ = 14a.d.] a (A in inscr.) 




1 i 


The Aciiun method of dating is now ahandoned, and the Caesarian 
introduced in its stead. 


1 
i 

i 

i 

j j 


I 


TIBEPIOZKAIZA PZEBAZToZ 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Tiberius r. , laur. 


EHI 
<|)AAKK0V 
ANTIOXE 

riNBH 

[ = 33 A.D.] 


71 ' 12S 

i 


.E -95 




In plain circle ; all within laurel-wreath. 


j ' 


Jj. iSe, latorial Voiiiaije 


1 


Bronze 






TICAE--- [__-] XXXIII 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Tiberius r., laur. 


S'C in plain circle; all within laurel- 
wreath. 


t •> 


M 1-1 


[31—32 A.D.] 










TICAESARAVGT R POT XXX 

III (from r., downwards) 
Similar. 


SC in dotted circle; all within laurel- 
wreath. 


76 


.'K 1-05 


[31—32 A.D.] 


\_B.M.C., Vh. XX. 15.] 


77 




^ -8 


TICAESARAVG-- [ ] 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar. 


•SC Similar. 



1,52 



SELECJCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



78 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveesb 



JE 1 



79 



80 



228-4 
229-8 



M -95 



.11 1 



81 



82 



M -95 



^ -75 



GermanicTis (?) 

Senatorial Coinage 

Bronze 



[ ] RMANICVSCAES-- 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Germanicus (?) r., laur. 



SC in plain circle ; all within laurel- 
wreath. 



[Plate lxxii. 6.] 

Caligula 
Imperial Coinage 

SiLVEU 

Tetradrachms 



TAIOYKAIZAPOZ- ZEBA- PEP 

MA- (from r., downwards) 

Head of Caligula r., laur. ; bead and 
reel border. 



inscr. partly off coin. 



AfPinnEINHZ- ANTIO* MH 

TPO ■ (from r., downwards) 

Head of Agrippina Senior r. ; behind, 
pellet ; in front, regnal year of Caligula. 



A 
ET 

B 
ET 



[ = 37 A.D.] 



[ = .38 A.D.] 
(No. 80 is double-struck.) 

[Plate lxxii. 7.] 

Claudius 

Senatorial Coinage 

Bkonze 



IMTICLACAEAVGER 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. 

(inscr. obscure ; countermark, Athena 
standing r.) 



Similar, 
inscr. obscure. 



S'C in plain circle; all within laui-el- 
wreath. 



Similar ; no dot. 



* These letters (which have not been noticed before) are usually entirely off the flan Fvon 
on the specimens here catalogued they are only partially visible. 



ANTIOCH 



153 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvebse 



Reverse 



83 
8-4 
85 



87 



208-5 
2101 
201-3 



111-4 



221-8 



227-6 
221-2 



M 1-05 
^l 1-05 
JR 1-05 



M -85 



M -95 



JR 1 
M -95 



Nero 
A. Imperial (and Municipal) Coinage 

SiLVEJB 

The following, the attribution of loMch is not quite certain, are remarkable 
as having Latin inscriptions. 

T e t r a d r a c li m s 



NEROCLAVDDIVI CLAVDFCA 
ESARAVGGERM 

(from r., upwards) 
Head of Nero r., laur. 



(inscr. partly off coin.) 

behind, star ; (inscr. partly off coin .) 

behind, star. 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 5.] 

Didrachm 



DIVOSCLAVDAVG GERMANI 
CPATERAVG 

(from r., upwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. 



[NEROC]LAVDDIVICLAVDFCA 

ES AR (from r., upwards) 

Head of Nero r., laur. 



[DIVOSCL]AVDAVGVSTGERM 
ANICPATER[AVG] 

(from r., upwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. 



[Plate iaxii. 8.] 

The folloiuing are dated loth by the Caesarian Era and by the regnal year of the 

Emperor. In No. 90 lue meet for the first time with the Eev. type that was 

destined to become characteristic of the imperial silver of Antioch.* 

T e t r a d r a c h m s 



NEPHNOXKAA [ ] 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Nero r., laur. 



- lOY (from r., downwards) 

Head of Claudius r., laur. ; in front, 
dates. 



jIp [=56a.d.] 
[Plate lxxii. 9.] 



NERjQNOZ ZAPOZZEB 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar. 



ArpinnEiNHZ zebazthz 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Agrippina Junior r., draped; 
in front, dates. 



EP 



[ = 56 A.D.] 



as preceding. 



* The series had been inaugurated at least two years previously; see B.M.G., p. 174, 

No. 189. 

X 



154 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Wbmght 



MtTAL 

Size 



90 
91 



232 
226 4 



92 



230-5 



M 1 
M 1 



/ll 1 



93 



229 -,1 



M 1 



94 



233-; 



M 1 



95 



101 



M '8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



NEPQNOZKAISAPOZ ZEBAZ 

TOY (from r., downwards) 

Bust of Nero r., laur., wearing aegis. 



NEPnNKAIZAP ZEBASTOZ 

Similar ; style different. 



NePnNKAICAP CE BACTOC 

Similar. 



Eagle standing to front on thunderbolt, 
with head 1. and wings open ; in field 
1., palm-branch ; in field r., dates. 

1*^ [ = 6lA.D.] 

as preceding. 



Similar type ; head r. ; palm-branch in 
field r. ; around, from beneath, towards 
1., date. 

ETOYS AlP O [=62 A.D.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing, three-quarter face to- 
wards 1., on branch; in field 1., palm- 
branch ; to r., downwards, date. 



ETOYC O AlP [=62a.d.] 
[Plate lxxii. 10.] 



Similar to No. 92 ; style different. 



Similar to No. 92 ; style different. 
ETOY2. BIP I [=63a.d.] 



Bkonze 

ruder Nero there irere great developments in regard to the bronze currency. The 
issue of pse.udo-autonomous pieces loas revived, and these tcere brought into con- 
nection. with the pieces that had superseded them (see under Nos. 72 ff.). To each 
of the_ pseudo-autonomous groups to be described below there corresponded an issue 
of bilingual pieces, in two denominations, resembling No. 96, but dated, like the 
pseudo-autonomous pieces, according to the Caesarian Era. 



IM NERCLAV CAESAR 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Nero r., laur. 



inscr. obscure. 



Eni 

KESTl 

OYANTI . 

OXEG 

N* 
In plain circle ; all within laurel- wreath. 



The mag strate is C. Cestius Gallus, legatas a.d. 63—68. Although the piece is undated 
It probably belongs either to a.d. 65 or to A.D. 66. (Cf. B.M.C., p. 175, Nos. 201 f ) It isthn^ 
connected with Nos. 103 ff., iti/ra. >f ' ■) ii is tnns 



ANTIOCH 



15c 



No. 



96 



97 

98 

99 



100 



101 



102 



Weisht 



98-5 



84 
97-5 

93 



46 



100-5 



52 



Metal 

SiZK 



Obverse 



Reverse 



JE -65 



JE -7 
M -7 

M -75 



M -65 



M -75 



M -65 



Hie (jiicxlioii of precedence, as belioeen the people of Aniioch and tlie legatus {see 

iVo.s. 54, 63 and 66), is now settled by a compromise, the name of (he former 

being transferred to the Obv. On the loioer denomination it remained 

on the Kev. 



A N T I O X EG N (to r. , do vs'h wards) 
Head of Tyclie r., veiled and turreted. 



inscr. oS coin. 



Similar. 



EniKoYAAPATOY* 

(from 1., upwards) 
Ram leaping r., with head turned back : 
above, star of six rays;, beneath, date. 



AP [=55 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxii. 11.] 



Similar ; but star within crescent r. 

ETAP [=65 A.D.] 

ETEP [ = 56 A.D.]; (star has seven rays) 
[B.M.C., Pl. XIX. 8.] 

EToc P [ = 5G A.D.] 



Bust of Artemis r., draped and wearing 
stephane. 



ANTIOX EQNAP- [=55 a.d.] 

(from r., downwards) 
Branch of laurel. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XIX. 7.] 



The following group was probably struck in the interval between the death 

of Qtiadrafus and the arrival of Corbulo. The name of the Roman legatus 

now disappears finally, nor were any pieces resembling No. 95 

strnch for the year a.d. 59 — 60 (HP)- 



ANTIOXEHN (to r., doi^Tiwards) 
Head of Tyche r., veiled and turreted. 



Bust of Artemis r., draped and wearing 
stephane. 



Lighted altar, garlanded ; in ex., date. 



ET-HP [ = 59a.d.] 



ANTIOXE ET-HP- [ = 59 a.d.] 

(from r., downwards) 
Lyre {chelys). 



[B.M.C., Pl. XIX. 10.] 

* C. Ummidius Durmius Quadratus, legatus of Syria, A.D. 51—59, 



X 2 



156 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



METAIi 

Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



103 



104 
105 



106 



107 



108 



109 



-110 



111 



89 



70 
47 



89-5 



55 



Nod. 103 ff. leere issued while Cestius Gallas held office as legatus ; 
see under No. 95, supra. 



Similar to No. 101. 



M -75 



Similar to No. 102. 



M -65 
M -65 



ANTIOXEQ N (from r., downwards) 
Head of Zeus r., wearing taenia. 



M -8 



M -7 



^ -6 



Similar to No. 101. 
ET-AIP [=65a.d.] 

Similar to No. 102. 

ANTIO XEET AlP [=65 a.d.] 

as preceding.* 



The Bonle seated 1., wearing chiton and 
peplos, dropping pebble into voting-urn ; 
1. hand rests on seat ; around, from r., 
downwards, date. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. 



^ 1 



I -6X0 €IP [=66a.d.] 
[Plate lxxii. 12.] 

ETO EIP [=66a.d.] 



ANTlOX-€T€IP [ = 66a.d.] 

(from r., dovynwards) 
Branch of laurel. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XIX. 12.] 

B. Senatorial Coinage 
Bronze 



^ 1-1 



M -95 



In.scr. illegible. Head of Nero (?) r., laur. 
countermark, JT' 



IM NER CLAV- CAESAR- 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Nero r., laur. ; in front, lituus. 



Similar. 



SC- in plain circle; all within laurel 
wreath. 



Similar ; no dot after letters. 



Similar. 



* Possibly, however, the date may be AlP 



ANTIOCH 



157 



No. 



Wkioht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Kbversb 



112 

113 
114 
115 



116 



117 



118 



215-3 



236-5 



222 



M -75 

M -85 
M -9 
M -85 



Similar ; bnt in place of lituus, serpent. 



Similar ; no serpent. 



M -95 



^1-2 



JE 1-2 



Similar ; but dot between letters, and in 
field above. 



Similar ; but dot in field beneath only. 



no dot visible. 



Galba 

A. Imperial {and Municipal) Coinage 

Silver 

T etradrachm 

Head of Galba r., laur. ; in front, star. 



inscr: illegible. 



Eagle, vntb wings open, three-quarter face 
towards 1., standing on thunderbolt ; in 
field 1., palm-branch ; around, from 1., 
upwards, [ETOYZ] NEOYIEP*--- 



(No. 116 is pierced.) 



Beonzr 



IMSERSVL G AE 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Gralba r., laur. 



Similar; border plain (?). 



ERI 
MOYKIA 

NOYANTI 
oXEUNt 

Beneath, date ; all in plain circle en- 
closed by laurel- wreath. 

•ETZIP [=69a.d.] 



Eni 

MOYKIA 

NOYANT 

ioxehn 

Similar ; but no plain circle. 
ETplZ [=69a.d.] 
[Plate lxxii. 13.] 

* On the significance of this legend, see Pick, Zur Tihdatur der Flavier, in Z./.N,, xiv,, 

^' t The magistrate is C. Licinins Crassua Mncianus, legatus of Syria, a.d. 67-69. Of. 
No. 123. 



158 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revebse 



119 



121 



122 



123 



12i 
125 
126 



127 



98-5 



120 67-5 



248-5 



M -85 



^ -65 



M 1-2 



M -Sc 



M 1-25 



ANTIOX 6I1[N] 

(from 1., downwards) 
Head of Zeus r., laur. 



Bust of Artemis r., draped and wearing 
stephane. 



Lighted altar, garlanded ; in ex., date. 



ET-ZIP [=69a.d.] 



Branch of laurel ; around, from r., down- 
wards, date. 

ET ZIP [=69 A.D.] 



B. Senatorial Coinage 
Beonze 



IMSER SVLG ALBACAE 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Galba r., laur. 



S-C in plain circle; all within laurel- 
wreath. 



(No. 121 is from the same obverse die as No. 117, indicating that imperial and senatorial 
issues were probably struck at the same mint.) 



Similar, 
inscr. illeg-ible. 



[Of. B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 11.] 

Similar ; no dot between letters. 



Otbo 

Beokze 
A. liiqteriul Coinage 



IMPM OTHO CA EAVG 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Otbo r., laur. 



Similar to No. 117. 



ET-ZIP [=69 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxii. 14.] 

B. Senatorial Coinage 



M 1-1 
M 11 
M 1-1 



^ 1 



Inscr. from 1., downwards. Head of Otho 
r., laur. 

IA\P M OT... AESAVG 

IMP MOT H OCES--VG 

inscr. illegible ; countermark, M'OTO 

{sic) 

Similar. 

IMP MO THO CAE AVG 



SC in plain circle ; all within laurel - 
wreath. 

dot between letters, 
dot in field above, 
no dot. 



Similar. 

dot between letters. 



ANTIOCH 



159 



No. 



Weight 



128 



222 



129 
130 



216-5 
227-9 



131 
132 
133 



230-5 
237-2 
211-5 



134 



222 



Mktal 
Size 



M -9 



JR 1 
M 1 



M 1 

M 1 

JR pi. -95 



JR 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Vespasian 

A. Iinperlal [and Municipal) Coinage 

Silver 

T etradr achms 



[AYTO]KPATKAISAOYEZn -- 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Vespasian r., laur. 



[T<|>]AAYIOYEZnKAIZETOYS 
N EOYI EPO [Y]* (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur. ; in front, B 
[= 70 A.D.] ; behind, star. 



[B.M.C., Pl. sxii. 4.] 



AYTOKPAOY€CnACIANOC 
KAICAPC€BACTOC 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Head of Vespasian r., laur. 

(inscr. partly illegible) 



AVTOKPATKAIZAOVEZnAZIA 

NOV (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Vespasian r., laur. 



inscr. partly ofi coin. 



AYTOKPATQPOY€CnA CIAN 

OCKA [ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Vespasian 1., laur. 



[Cf. B.M.C. 



Eagle, -with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing, three-quarter face to- 
■wards 1., on club ; in field 1., palm- 
branch ; around, date, from 1. upwards. 

€TOYC N€OY l€POY B [=70 

A.D.] 

as preceding ; partly off coin. 



Similar type ; no -wreath in beak ; sam.e 
symbol ; ai'ouiid, from 1., upwards, 
ETOVZ lEPOVi above r. wing, 
numeral. 

B [=70a.d.] 
A [= 72 A.D.] 
numeral off coin. 



Eagle, with wings open, standing to front, 
head r., upon garlanded altar ; holds 
palm-branch iu r. claw, and caduceus 
in beak; around, date, from r. down- 
wards. 

6TOVC N6[OV ] I6P OVA 

[= 72 A.D.] 

Pl. XXII. 5.] 



* See p. 157, footnote. 



160 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveesb 



135 



72 



M -85 



136 



137 



138 



^ 1-05 



M -85 



220'2 



139 109-5 



M 105 



JE -85 



Bbonze* 

No. 135 forms one of a small group, struck apparently in 73 A.D.f Probably 

they were issued on some special occasion. It is remarkable to find the name 

of the city in Latin. For a corresponding piece with Greek inscription, 

see infra, No. 189. 



IMP VESP- AVG P M T P 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Vespasian r., laur. 



ANTI OCHIA (from I., upwards) 
Draped bust of. the Tyclie of Antioct r.. 
veiled and turreted. 



IMPCAESAR VESPASIANAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Vespasian r., laur. 



Similar. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 3.] 

B. Senatorial Coinage 
Bronze 

SC within laurel- wreath. 



Similar. 



Titus 
A. Imperial {and Municipal) Coinage 

The following, although struck under the authority of Titus, really 
belong to the reign of Vespasian. 

SiLVEK 

Tetradraclim 



AYTOKPTITOZ KAIZ OYEZn 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1. on palm-branch ; in 
field 1., club downwards ; around, from 
1. upwards, date. 



ETOYZ r IEPOY[=71 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxii. 15.] 



Bronze 



TCAESARIM PPONT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur. 



€ni 

TPAIA 
NOY ANT 

ioxchni 

Beneath, date ; all within laurel- wreath. 
€T-€KP [=76a.d.] 

[Plate lxxii. 16.] 

* See also Nos. 139—141, which were struck in Vespasian's reign. 

t See Pick, inZ./.]f., xiv., p. 347. Cf. No. 147, in/ra. 

+ The magistrate is M. Ulpius Trajanus (father of the Emperor Trajan), legaius in 76 a.d. 



ANTIOCH 



IGl 



Ko. 



140 



141 



Wkight 



14'2 
143 



144 



]45 



84 



101 



223-9 



224-2 



Metal 
Size 



JE -8 



JE -Tc 



M -85 
M -8 



14G 213-2 



M 1-1 



Obvebse 



A N T I O X Eil N (from r. , downwards) 
Head of Tyclie r., veiled and turreted. 



Keveese 



M 1-05 



M l-Oo 



TCAESARIM PPONT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur. 



inscr. partly off coin. 



Lighted altar, garlanded; in ex., date. 
€T€KP [=76a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Ph. XX. 2.] 

€Tb: KP [=77 A.D.] 

B. Senatorial Coiuaga 
Bronze 

t SC witliin laurel- wreath. 



Domitian 
A. Imijei'ial (and Mnniciijal') Coiiuuji' 

SiLVBE 

Tetra drachms 



AVTOKKAIZAPAOMITIANOZ 

ZEB (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Domitian r., laur., wearing 



Eagle, with wings open, standing r. on 
thunderbolt; in field r., palm-branch; 
around (from beneath towards 1.), 
ETOYZ NEOYIEPOY 



above L -wing, B [_— 82 a.d.] 
[Plaie lxxii. 17.] ■ 



AYTKAIZAPAOMITIANOZZEB 
TEPM Similar. 



AYT OKAIZAPAOMITIA NOZ 
ZEBTEPM Similar. 



Similar, with H [=; 88 A.D.] 
O and V in inscr. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head r., on 
thunderbolt; in field 1., palm-branch; 
around, from r. downwards, ETOYZ 
NEOY lEPOY ENAEKATOY 



[ = 91 A.D.] 



162 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



l-i7 



US 



149 
160 



151 

152 

153 



15-1 
155 



Weight 



72-5 



Mktal 
Size 



M '75 



Obveese 



Eeverse 



Beosze 

The following belongs to a group lohicli we have alreadij encountered (No. 135 ff.). 

It is the mention of Doinitian's second considship that enables the 

date to be determined. * 



CAESARDOMITCOSII 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Domitian I., laur. 



ANTI OCHIA (from 1., upwards) 
Draped bust of the Tjche of Antioch r.. 
veiled and turreted. 



M 1-2 



JE 1-05 
JE 1 



M -95 
M -9 

M -9 



IMPDOMITI ANVSCAESAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Domitian 1., laur. 



B. Senatorial Coinage 
Bronze 

SC all within laurel- wreath. 



2S1 1-05 
M 1-2 



IMPDOMITIA NVS 

Siniilar; countermark, Athena standing 
r., with spear ajid shield. 



DOMITIAN VSCAESAR, 

Similar ; no countermark. 

N oS coin. 

inscr. continuous ; N has form H 

CAESARDOMITCOSM Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



S-C within laurel-wreath. 



Nerva 

Senatorial Coinage 

Bronze 

On the significance of tlie numeral letters which now make their apijearar, 

sea supra, p. 12-i. 



IMP CAESAR • NER VAAVG- 
1 1 ICOS (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Nerva r., laur. 

inscr. partly off coin , 



S-C Beneath, numeral letter ; all within 
laurel-wreath. 



A 
A 



* See Pick, !.. 



ANTIOCH 



L63 



No. Weight 



156 
157 
158 
169 



160 



161 



162 



163 



Metat. 
Size 



M 1-05 

JE 11 

M M 

m 1-1 



M 1 



M -85 



219-3 



216o 



M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M 1-15 



Similar. 

inscr. partly off coin. 

Similar. 



B 

A 

DC 
0* 

Similar. 

r 

Similar. 
B 



Trajan 

A. Imperial Coinar/e 

Silver 

T e t r a d r a c h. m s 

For the Eastern method of dating by regnal years there was siibstitided under 

Trajan one lohich, though less precise, was more characteristically Boman.-\ 

The reappearance of the Tyche as, a Rev. type is interesting. % 



AYTOKPKAICNePTPAIA NOC 
C€Br€PM (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Trajan r., laur. 



AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC 
€Br€PMAAK (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Trajan r., laur. ; beneath, eagle 

r. and club 1. 



type 

Eiigle, with -wings open and -wreath in 
beak, standing facing, head r., upon 
palm-branch ; around, from 1. up-wards, 
AHMAPX€ZYnATB 

[Plate lxxil 18.] 



The Tyche of Antioch, draped and tur- 
reted, seated r. on rock, holding ears 
of corn in r. ; at her feet, river-god 
swimming r. ; around, from 1. upwards, 
AHMAPX €EYnAT€ 



[Plate lxxii. 19.] 

« On thi3 coin the apace between the ends of the wreath, ,^*'°-''' jf, °^^"P|,^f ^J,f " "^^^"^ 
standing 1., looking back. The usual ornament is a conventionahzed bulla (?) or a pellet. 

t SeePiok, in Z./.JJ^.,xiv.,pp. 314f. . ,. ^ ,,, ■ >. t ^ mo f 

* The Rev. type appears to point almost irresistibly to Antioch as the mmt of Nos^ 163 f . 
At the samrtime, I have had great hesitation in separating these pieces from Tyee, Nos. 4o 
and 47 ff both oA account of the general similarity of style, and on account of the eagle and 

club on the Obr. 

T 2 



1G4 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



164 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obteese 



Eevebsr 



211-9 



M 1 



165 

166 
167 

168 

169 



170 
171 



JS 1-05 

M 1-1 

M 11 

M 1-05 

^ 1-1 



M -85 
M -8 



172 



194-'j .R 1 



Similai". 



Similar, with . . _ €HIHYnATC; 

[Tni. Pof. xviii. = 115 A.D.] 



B. Senatorial Coinage 
Beonze 

The disappearance of Latin inscriptions even from the Senatorial issues 
should he noted. For a temporary revival, see No. 264. 



Inscr. from beneath towards 1. 
of Trajan v., laar. 



Head 



AVTO KPKAICN€PTPAIA NOC 
C€Br€PMAAK 

--- ICN€PTPAIANOCAPIC--- 

(bust, with paludatnentuin.) 

AYT OKPKAICNePTPAl ANOC 
C€Br€PA\AAK 

[. ]OKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC 
€Br€PA\AAK 

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA 
PICTC€Br€PMAAKnAPe (bust, 
with cuirass and paludamentnin.) 

Similar. 

--- ICN6PTPAI ANOCC€Br€P 

[---] 

[ . .JOKPKAICN6PTPAI A--. 



S ■ C Beneath, numeral letter ; all 
within laurel-wreath. 

A 

B (no dot between letters) 
A 

H 



Similar. 
A 

Bl 



Hadrian 
A. Imperial {and Mmiicijial) Coinage 

SiLVEH. 

T 6 1 r a d r a c h m 

The Eeo. ti/pe of the following doubtless alludes to the legend regarding the manner 
m which the future site of Antioch loas divinehj incUcated to its founder. 



AYKAI0€TPAnAPYie€N€PYIT 
P _ _ . 6B* (from 1,, upwards) 

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing cuirass 

and paludamentum. 



Eagle, with wings open, standing facing, 
head 1., holding leg and thigh of an 
animal in its talons ; around, from 1. 
upwards, AHMAPX- €Z r-Yn 

AT r 

\Trih. Pot. III. = 120 A.D,] 



* This inscription ia better preserved on Nog, 190 f. Its full form is— 

AYTOKPATWP KAICAP e€OY TPAIANOY HAPGIKOY YIOC 
e€OY N€POYA YIWNOC TPAIANOC AAPIANOC CeBACTOC 



ANTIOCH 



165 



Xo. 



173 
174 



175 
176 

177 



178 
179 



180 



181 

182 



183 



Weiohx 



83 
85-5 



74 
70 

70 



77 
71 



39 5 



44 
52 



55-5 



Mbtal 
Size 



JE -7 
JE -7 



M -7 
M -65 

JE -7 



^ -65 
JE -75 



M -6 



M 


•55 


M 


•65 


M 


■6 



Obversk 



Reverse 



Tho reign of Hadrian is remarhahle for the revival of the pseudo-autonomous eoinage. 
The great outburst of activity which marhs the year 128 — 129 a.d. leas d.oid)iless 
occasioned by the visit of the Emperor Hadrian, who spent part of that year in 
Aiitioch. Though no new types were designed, nearly all the old ones leere revived, 
there being at least three different issues. The title Mr^rpoTroAis is also employed 
again on the coins, after being long in abeyance. 



ANTIOX€WNTHC MHTPOHO 

A€OJC (from r., downwards) 

Head of Tyclie r., veiled and tiirreted. 



ANTIOXeOJNTHCA\H TPOHO 
A€WC 

(from beneath, upwards, towards 1.) 
Head of Zeus r., wearing taenia. 



Ram leaping r., with head turned back; 
above, star within orescent r. ; beneath, 
date. 

€TZOP [=128a.d.] 

€TZOP [=128 A.D.] ; in field 1,, f 



The Boule seated 1., as on Nos. 106 f., 
dropping pebble into voting-urn ; in 
ex., date. 



€TSOP [=12Sa.d.] 



as preceding. 
\_B.M.G., Pl. XX. 3.] 

€TSO.P-[=128 A.D.]; in field 1., B 



ANTIOX€WNTHC MHTPOHO 
A€U)C (from 1., downwards) 

Head of Tyche r., veiled and tnrreted. 



Traces of inscr. Bust of Apollo r., draped 
and laur. 



Similar. 



ANTIOX€ MHTPO 

(from r., downwards) 

Similar type. 



Lighted altar, garlanded; in ex., date. 

€TZOP [=128a.d.] 

eXZOP [=128 A.D.] ; in field 1., B 



Branch of laurel ; around, date, from 1. 
upwards. 

€TOY ZOP[ = 128a.d.]; infieldr., A 



Similar ; but date from r. downwards. 
€TOYC SOP [ = 128 A.D.]; in field l.,B 
as preceding. 

Similar to No. ISO. 



€TOVC ZOP [=128A.r..]; in field 

r., r 



166 



SELEUCIS AND PIERTA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



184 



185 



186 



187 



188 



46 



38 



58 



58 



45 



189 72-5 



M -6 



JE -6 



M -6 



M -65 



Al -55 



M -7 



ANTIOX€I2N THCAAHTPOH 

(from ]., upwards) 
Similar type 1. 



Traces of inscr. Bust of Apollo r., draped 
aad laur. 



ANTIO 

Similar type. 



MH 

(from r., downvpards) 



ANTIOXeWN THCMHTPOnO 

A€ (from 1., upwards) 
Similar type 1. 



[A]NTIOX€WN /v\HTPO[- 

Similai". 



Similar. 



€TOVC ZOP [=128 A.D.]; in field 

r., r 



Lyre (chehjs) ; aroutid, date, from 1. up- 
wards ; above, letter. 



€TOY ZOP [ = 128 A.D.]; above, A 



Similar ; but date from r. downwards. 



€TOYC ZOP [ = 128 A.D.]; above, B 



Similar. 



€TOYC ZOP- [ = 128 A.D.]; above, B 



Similar ; but date from 1. upwards. 
€TOY ZOP [ = 128 A.D.]; above, f 



The cji-oiqj to loMch No. 189 belongs furnishes an exact parallel to a group, 

with Latin inscriptions, issued during the reign of Vespasian (see Nos. 135 and 

147). It may hav^ been strach in Novemher 129 A.D., during the period 

of Hadrian^s residence. 



AYTOKPKAICT .. [. . _] C€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., lanr., paludamentum 
over shoulder. 



ANTIOX€WN THCMHTPOnO 

A€ (from 1., upwards) 

Draped bust of the Tyche of Antiooh r., 
veiled and turreted ; in front, numeral 
letter. 



B 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 13.] 



ANTIOCH 



167 



No. 



Weight 



190 
191 



192 
193 
194 



I'Jo 



196 



34 



38 



Metal 
Size 



JE l-Oo 
M 11 



Obverse 



Severse 



M -8 
M -8 
M -8 



M -7 



M -65 



B. SeiMton'id Coinaije 



Bronze 



SC Beneath, numeral letters f; all within 
laurel- wreath. 



AB 

AB 



[Plate lxxii. 20.] 



S-C Beneath, numeral letter ; all within 
laurel-wreath. 



AYTKAICeTPnYieN€PYia)TP 
AAAPIANOCC6BAC* 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., weaa-ing cuirass 
and paludamentum. 

inscr. partly off coin. 

inscr. partly off coin ; countermark, branch. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Similar type. 



AYTOKPKAICTPA I AN AAP I AN 

AYTOKPKAI --[---] PIANOCC 
€B 

AYTOKPKAICTPA I AN AAP I AN 
OCC€B 



Antoninus Pius 

A. Municipal Coinage 
f 

Bronze 

It would seem that, the years 145—146 and 146— 147 a.d. weve marled hi/ 

some noteioorthy event -which led to specicd monetary activity such as had 

characterized 128—129 a.d. (see above, Nos. 173 ff.). Of. Hieropolis, 

Nos. 1 f. The remarkable decline in weight should he noticed. 



ANTIOX€a)N THC MHTPOH 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Tyche r., veiled and tari-eted ; 
beneath, ram running r., looking back. 



[ANTIOX]€ T MHT Similar; no 
ram beneath. 



Ram running r., with head turned back; 
above, star enclosed by crescent r. ; 
beneath, date. 

€TOYAqP [ = 145a.d.] 



Similar. 

€TAqP [=145a.d.] 



* See footnote on No. 172. 

t On the double letters, see Num. Chron., 1903, p, 110. 



168 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



Ko. 



Weight 



197 



198 



199 



200 



201 



36 



40 



43 



53-6 



32-5 



202 



22-5 



203 



24-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -6 



M -65 



JE -65 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ANTIOX6C0N [ ] 

(from 1., Tipvfards) 
Similar type. 

ram beneath ? 



AN Tioxen N [ ] 

(from L, upwards) 
Similar type. 



ANTIOXeWNTHCAAHTPOn--- 

Similar; beneath, ram running r., with 
head tui-ned back. 



JE -65 



M -6 



JS -55 



JE -5 



Similar; but type and symbol 1. 



€TAqP [=145 A.D,] 



Lighted altar, garlanded ; in ex., date. 



€TOASP [=145a.d.] 



Similar. 



[€]TOYCAq[P]* [=145 a.d.] ; in 

field r., B 



[Plate lxxii. 21.] 



Same die as No. 198. 



AN[ ]HCMHTPOnOA€GJC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Apollo 1,, laur. and draped. 



[ ] I2NTAA (from r., downwards) 

Similar type r. 



ANTIOX (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type 1. 



Similar. 

€T€qP [= 146 A.D.] ; in field 1., B 



Branch of laurel ; around, date, from I. 
upwards. 



€TOYC Aqp [=145 A.D.] 



Similar ; but date from r. downwards. 



€T eqP [=146 A.D.]; in field r., 



Winged caduceus ; ai'ound, date, from 1. 
downwards. 

6TO €qP [=146 A.D.]; in field r., 
above, A 



[Plate lxxii. 22.] 



* This date cannot be regarded as certain; the lower portion of th^ letters is off 



the flan. 



ANTIOCH 



169 



No. 



Weight 



20 i 



205 



206 
207 
208 

209 

210 
211 



212 



26 



58-5 



Metal 
Size 



Obveksk 



Reverse 



M -55 



ANTIOXeCJNTHCMC ] 

Similar. 



Similar ; but date from 1. upwards. 

€TOYC €qP [=146a.d.]*; infield 

r,, beneath, I 



Bij the year 158 a.d. a great recovery in weight had taken place. 



M -7 



ANTIOXE[-.- -] MHTPO 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Tyclie r., veiled and turreted. 



Garlanded altar, on which is eagle, with 
open wings, standing to front ; around, 
date, from 1. upwards. 



•€TO -ZC [=158a.d.] 
[^B.M.C, Pl. XX. 7.] 

B. Senatorial Coinage 
Beonzb 



M -95 
^ 1-1 

JE 1 

JE 1-05 

JE 105 
JE 1-05 



M -95 



Insor. from 1., upwards. Head of Anto- 
ninus Pius r., laur. 

AAP ANTWNCIN (bust 

1., with paludamentum.) 

AYTO KAITI Al AAAPI ANTWN€I 
NOC 

_ _ _ AAPIANTa)N€INOCC€[- - -] 

(bust, wearing cuirass and paludamen- 
tum). 

AYT KAITIAIAAAPIANTO) N€ 

INOCC6B (tinst, with paluda- 
mentum.) 

AYTOKAITIA[- - -] WNeiNOC 
C€B€YC€ 

AYTOKAITIAIAAAPIANTCONG I 
NOCC€B€YC€B 



S-C Beneath, numeral letter ; all within 
laurel- wreath, t 



B 



r (no dot between letters) 



Similar. 
KAI 



AAPANT Oa[ ] 



Z (no dot between letters) 

[Plate lxxii. 23.] 
H 



Similar. 

B (no dot between letters) 



* Possibly the date is AS P 

t During this and the following reign the ornament between the ends of the wreath, above, 
has usually "the form of a small garland. 



170 



SELEUOIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



ns 



214 
215 



216 

217 

218 
219 



220 
221 



222 



Weikht 



Metal 
Size 



iE -9 



M -7 
/E -7 



JE -7 



JE -7 



jE 


■7 


.E 


•7 


Ai 


■75 


rK 


•75 



JE -9 
.E -9 



Obverse 



Similar; in front, star. 



Reverse 



AYTOK 



TAIAAAPIANTW 



Similar ; liead radiate ; no star. 

N6INOCC 



AYTKAITAIAAAN 
€B€ 



Similar ; but numeral letter above ; be- 
neath, eagle standing facing, head 1., 
with, wings open. 



H 

Similar. 
A 



[Plate lxxii. 24.] 



[Cf. B.2I.C., Fl. XXIII. 2.] 



Similar ; head 1., lanr. ; no star. 
[ ] ANT(0N€INOC - - 



Similar ; head radiate ; paludamentum 
over shoulder. 

AVTKAITA lA ANT[- - -] 



Similar ; head r., laur. 

AVTKAITIAIAAAP - - [ ] 

AVTKAIC--. ]€INOCC€V 



A KATIAIA 

- - - AIA [. . -] 



ONC€ 



Similar. 
A 

Similar. 

no letter visible. 

Similar. 

S (eagle's head r.) 

I 

Similar ; but, in place of eagle, star of six 
rays. 

B 
B 



Antoninus Pius and M. Aurelius 
Beokzb 



Tho folloixhuj hdong to tie year 139 A.D., as is proved by the title of vAaro,! 
aTTo L6€oeiy/x,£TOsJ (' consul designatus '), which is borne by 31. Aurelius. 



AYTKAICTITAIAAAPANTWN6I 

[ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur. ; palu- 
damentum over shoulder. 



■AYPHAIOCKAICC€B€YC€YIOC 
YHAHO- (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of young M. Aurelius 1., wearing 

cuirass and paludamentum ; head bare ; 

on either side, S C; beneath, numeral 

letter. 



numeral letter and ATTO oif coin. 
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXIII. 3.] 



ANTIOCH 



171 



No. 


Weight 


MetaTj 
Size 


Obvkkse 


Reverse 








M. Aurelius 








A. Miiiiicijial Coinage 








Bronze 


224 


38 


M -45 


ANTIOXE ]nOA€ 

(from r., doAvnwards) 
Head of Apollo r., laur. 


Branch of laurel ; around, from 1. upwards, 
date; in field 1., numeral letters. 

- - C BIC [ = 163a.d.]; BI 








[Plate lxxii. 25.] 








B. Senatorial Coinage 








BUONZE 


1 i 

225 


^ -9 


AVPHAI[ ] €YC€YIOCYn 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Head of young M. Aurelius r., laur. ; 
in front, star. 


S-C Beneath, eagle standing to front, 
head 1., with open wings ; above, numeral 
letter; all within laurel -wreath. 

numeral letter obscure. 








Similar ; no star ; head slightly older. 


Similar; no eagle; numeral letter beneath. 


i 226 




JE -95 


€YC 

Similar ; but bust with cuirass and paluda- 
mentum. 


Z 
Similar. 


227 




^ •9-5 


[ ] €YC€ 


e 








L. Verus 








Senatorial Coinage 








Bronze 








[ _]HPOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of L. Verus r., laar. 


S ■ C Above, two stars ; beneath, numeral 
letters ; all within laurel- wreath. 

Al 


228 




^ -85 










Similar. 


Similar ; no stars. 


229 




M -6 


_ _ PHA [ ] 


1 B (?) (no dot between letters) 

. 2 



172 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



230 



Weight 



173-4 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Commodus 
Imperial Coinage 

SiLVEE 

Te tradr achm 



Al 1 



231 



219-7 



KOMMOAU KAIC€BYIU 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of young Commodus 1., bare. 



r€PMAN CAPMATI 

(from 1., upvsrards) 
Eagle, -with -wings open, standing three- 
quarter face towards 1., laolding in its 
claws the leg and thigh of an animal.-* 



M 1-1 



[Plate lxxiii. 1.] 

Septimius Severus 

Inqjerial Coinage 

S:lvee 
Tetradrachm 



AVT KAI C€OVHPOC C€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur., 
wearing paludamentum. 



Eagle, with open wings and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head 1. ; between 
its legs, star of eight rays ; around, from 
1. upwards, -AHMAPXei-YTTAT 

oc TO r 



[Platb lxxiii. 2.] 



Caracalla 

From the reign of Commodus the issues of Antioch have leen comparative! ij scanty. 

Under Caracalla the mint once more became very active. This special activity 

dates from his fourth consulship. Nor toas it confined to Antioch ; various other 

mints in Syria and Phoenicia struck imperial tetradrachms in silver or hillon.f ■ 

Silver oe Billon 
Tetradrachms 



232 220-9 



233 



213-3 



M M 



Bill. 1-05 



•AVTK MA ANTHNGINOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Caracalla r., laur. 



Similar. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head 1. ; between 
its feet, a star ; around, from 1. up- 

wards, ah/v\apx€i:yttatoc 

•T-A- 



Similar; with TO-A- 



* See supra, No. 172. 

t See HiEROFOLis, No. 29, Heliopolis, Nos. 3 £f., Uncertaix of Syria (or Phoenicia) 
Nos. Iff. Berytus, No. 18, SiLOv, No. 48, Tyke, Nos. 50 ff. On the whole question, see 
Imhoof-Blumer, Qriech. Miinzen, pp. 234 (758) ff. 



ANTIOCH 



173 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



234 



197- 



Bill. 11 



235 



m -65 



236 
237 



M -9 
M -9 



238 



201-8 



M. 1-03 



239 



225-5 



ill 1-1 



AVTKAI ANTIIN€INOCC€ 

Similar ; beneath neck, three pellets. 



Similar type, with star ; eagle's head r. ; 
around, AHMAPX eiVHATCT 

[--]-(s'c) 



Bronze 

Durintj the reign of Caracalla the hronze coinage, hitlierto senatorial, passed under 
more direct imperial control. Hence the appearance upon it of the letters A€ 
(as on B.M.C., p. 194, No. 357).* Possihli/ the eagle on Nos. 236 f. has a similar 
significance. Cf. Nos. 213 S. 



AVKAI ANTnN€INOC 

(from, r., downwards) 
Head of Caracalla (?) 1., radiate. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Cara- 
calla r., laur. 



AV ANT0aN€INO 

AVT KAI ANTWN6 



5-C Beneath, numeral letter; all en- 
closed by laurel- wreath, between ends 
of which, small garland. 



5 • C Beneath, eagle standing to front, 
with wings open ; all within laurel- 
wreath. 



eagle's head r. 
eagle's head 1. 



Geta 

SiLVEK 

Tetradrachms 



AYTKAI 



r€TAC- 

(from 1., upwards) 

Head of Geta r., laur. 



AVT KAI- -rexAC- ce 

Bust of Geta r., laur., wearing palud 
mentum. 



[Plate lxxiii. 3.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head r., holding 
in its talons leg and thigh of animal ; 
around, from 1. upwards, AHMAPX- 
€2-YnA-TO B 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head I. ; between 
its leo-s, star ; around, fi-om 1. upwards, 
AHMAPX eiYHATOC TO-B 



» See Pick, in Z.f.N., xiv., p. 315. 



174 



SBLEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



240 



174-2 



M 1 



241 



.242 



243 

244 



245 



JE 



^ -75 



M -7 
M -7 



M -75 



Macrinus 

SlLVEK 

T e t r a d r a c h m s 



AV. K AAOnC€ AAAKPINOCCe 

(from ]., lapwards) 
Bust of Macrinus r., radiate, wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



AH [ ]nATOC- 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle, with wings open, standing facing, 
head r., with wreath in beak ; between 
its legs, crescent, with horns upwards ; 
in field 1., star; in ex., two pellets. 



Bkonze 



AVT KMOC €MAKPINOCC€ 

(from I., upwards) 
Head of Macrinus r., laur. 



A 

s c 

€ 



within wreath of laurel, between 
the ends of which, a star. ' 



Macrinus and Diadiimenianus 
Beonze 



AVTKMOCMAKPINOCC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Macrinus r., laur. 



AVTKAI MOCe M AKPI [NOC] 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Macrinus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



AVTKMOAAN[TnN INOCJ 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Diadumenianus r., laur, ; in 
field, S C 



KAIMOAIAANT£lN€INOC C 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; head bare ; 
in field, S C 



(without € in Caesar's name.) 
[Cf. B.M.O., Pl. XXIV. 4.] 



Diadumenianu s 
Bkokze 



AVTKMOAANTQNINOC C 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Diadumenianus r., laur. 



A wiihin wreath of laurel, between 
S C the ends of which, a star. 



ANTIOCH 



175 



No. 



Weight 



246 



2-17 



248 
249 
250 



188-4 
179-8 
164-4 



251 



212-7 



Metal 
Size 



.E -8 



M -65 



252 



199- 



Bill. 1 
Bill. 1 
Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bill, 1-] 



KAIMOAANTQNINOC C 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Diadumenianus r., -wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; head bare. 



KAIC- MOAIA ANTUN [ ] 

Bust of Diadumenianus 1., bare-lieaded, 
■wearing paludamentum. 



Similar. 



€ 

s c 

A 



■within -wreath of laurel, between 
the ends of which, a bulla (?). 



[Plate lxxiii. 4.] 



Elagabalus 

A. Imperial Coinage 

Billon 

Tetrad r achms 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of Elaga- 
balus r., laur. ; paludamentum over 
shoulder. 



KMA N€IN 

AVTKMA ANTWN6INO C C€B 

AVTKMA ANTWN6INOC[---] 

(wears cuirass and paludamentum.) 

Similar. 

AVT-K-MA- ANTWN€INOC 



AVTKM A ANTWN6INOC C 

6B (from r., downwards) 

Bust of Elagabalus 1., laur., paluda- 
mentum over shoulder. 



AHMAPX€IVnATOCTOB 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head 1. ; in 
field, above, A € 

no symbol visible, 
between legs, star. 



Similar, with VTTA TOC ; head r. 
between legs, star. 



AHMAPX €IVnATOCTOB 

Similar, with eagle's head 1.; no letters 
visible in field. 



between legs, star. 



176 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weiuht 



253 



254 

255 
256 



257 

258 



259 



260 



2^1 



262 



197-8 



178-8 

167-4 
204-2 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 1-05 



Obverse 



Bill. -95 

Bill. 1 
Bill. 1 



M -85 
M -85 



^ -75 



M -85 



JE -75 



iB -75 



AVTKA\ [ ]NeiNO C C€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar bust r. 



AVTKMAN [ ] C€B 

Similar. 



Similar. 

[__]TKM A ANTWN6INO. 
C€B 

[_ _]TKMA . . . ANTWN€INOC 



Reverse 



AHMAPX €Z VnATOCTOA 

Similar, with eagle's head. r. ; in field, 
above, A € * 

between legs, doubtful symbol. 



AHMAPX€lVnATOCTOA 

Similar, with eagle's head 1. 

between legs, star. 

Similar, with star. 
AHMAPX€ZVnA [ ] 

AHMAPX€IVnA [ ] ; eagle's 

head r. 



Beonze 



AVTKM AVANTHNINOC 

(from ]., up\\'ards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., radiate, v^-earing 
paludamentum. 



AVTKMAVPC ANTUNC ] 

(from I., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing 
paladamentum. 



avtkaiaaapavpantun 

Similar. 



AVTKAIMAC ] ANTHNINOC 

(from above, tovpards r.) 
Head of Elagabalus 1., laur. 



AVTKAIM AANTI2N6INOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar head r., radiate. 



S C Beneath which, ram running r., 
with head turned back ; in field above, 
A , and beneath, € ; all within wreath 
of laurel. 



A all within wreath of laurel. 

sc 



ends of wreath off coin. 



S • C Above, A€ ; beneath, eagle facing, 
head r., with wings open ; all within 
laurel-wreath, between ends of which, a 
star. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXIV. 9.] 

* These letters are, of course, quite meaningless here, alongside of the actual words 
which they represent. See Pick, in Z.f.N., xiv., p. 315. 



ANTIOCIi 



177 



No. 



Weight 



263 



Metai, 

SlZK 



JE 



Obverse 



. - - TQ N € I N O CC (from 1. , upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus v., laur. ; paluda- 
nientum over shoulder. 



li E VERSE ■ 



SC Above, K ; beneath, A* ; all within 
plain circle ; the whole enclosed by 
laurel-wreath. 



[Plate lxxiii. 5.] 



26i 



265 



266 



267 



JE -9 



jE 1-3 



M 1-3 



^ 1-3 



Xo. 264 is intercstiiK, 



(J on account of the revival of the Latin iascripimt. 



IMPC ANTONINVS AVG : A-e Beneath, star; all within laurel- 

Siniihxr type. wreath; between ends of which, bulla (?). 



jB. Colonial Coinage 
Bronze 

During the reign of Elagahaltis a marked change comes over the bronze coinage, as 
the result of the establishnent at Antiocli of a "-coloniu.' Greater variety of types is 
introduced, and the size of the pieces is largely increased, the denominations being 
two in number. The larger denomination is generally distinguished, not merely by 
its size, but also by the presence of a ram on the lieo. In spite of the use of the 
letters A€ cind SC> ii u'ould apjpear that the right of bronze coinage leas noiv 

transferred to the city.\ 



AVTKAIMAPAVPHAI ANTUNC 
INOCC6B (from ]., upwards) 

Head of Elagabalus r., laur. 



AVTKMAV ANTHNINO CC 

Similar ; paludamentum over shoulder. 



• AVTKAiAAAVANTHNGINOCC 
C € Similar. 



ANTIOXeHN MHTKO 

(from ]., upwards) 
The Tyche of Antioch, draped and 
turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding ears 
of corn in r. ; at her feet, river-god 
Orontes, swimming ].; above her head, 
ram running 1., looking back; in field, 
A € and S C 

in field 1., crescent ; S C very large. 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXIV. 11.] 

ANTIOX €£2NA\KOA Similar, 
no crescent. 



ANTIOX€I2NM KOAi2 Similar, 
but type, river-god, and ram r. 



* No obvious interpretation of the letters K A tas suggested itself. 
-|- See Pick, ia Z./IV., xiv., p. 315. 



178 



SELBUCrS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



268 



269 



270 



271 



272 



273 



374 



275 



Metal 
Size 



JE 1 



M 1 



M 1 



M 1-3 



M 1 



JE 1-3 



iE 1-3 



JE 1-3 



Obverse 



Reverse 



AVTK /nAVANTHNINOCCL--] 

Similar. 



AV TKAA AVANT[I1]N INOC 

Similar. 



ANTIO X€I2fM [M] KOA- 

Similar to No. 266 ; no ram. 



Similar. 



(No. 269 is pierced.) 



AV T K /v\AVAN[TI2NI]NOC 

Similar ; biit bust shown with cuirass 
and palndamentum. 



ANTIOX€I2[N] A\KOAQ 

Similar to No. 267 ; no ram. 



Severus Alexander 

Colonial Coinage 

Bkokze 



AVTKAIMAPAVPC€ AA€IAN 

APOCC6B (from 1., upAvards) 

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and palndamentum. 



K€ A^APAVPHA _ _ [ ]AN 

APOC (from beneath, towards 1.) 
Head of Severus Alexander r., bare ; 
palndamentum over shoulder. 



AVTKAI MAPAVPC€ AAeiANA 

POCC€ (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Severus Alexander r., laur. 



ANTIOX MHTPOKOC ] 

Similar to No. 265 ; no crescent. 



- - KOA 

but no ram. 



Similar 



Simila 



Similar. 



ANTIOX€I2N MHTPOKOA 

(from 1., upwards) 
The Tyche of Antioch seated 1. on rock, 
in usual attitude, but head to front; 
she is being crowned from behind by 
the Emperor, who stands 1., wearing 
military dress ; in front of her stands 
Tyche, facing, head r., holding rudder 
and cornucopiae ; beneath, river-god 
Orontes swimming 1. among waves ; 
beneath waves, SHC ; in field, A 6 

\_B.M.C., Pl. xxiv. 13.] 



Similar ; but river-god and waves occupy 
space marked off by ex. line ; to I. and 
r. of him, A € 

s c 



Similar; but A € in field above. 
[Plate lxxiii. 6.] 



ANTIOCH 



179 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revf.bse 



!7(j 



•lib 



279 



280 
281 



.-E 1-35 



JE l-2o 



.E 1-2 



186-7 



166-8 
178-2 



M 1-1 



M 11 
Bill. 1 



AVTKAIMAPAVPC6 AA€ZANA 
POCC€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Severus Alexander r., lanr., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



ANTIOXenN MHTPOKAnNI 

(sic, from 1., upwards) 
Bust of the Tyche of Antioch r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; above, ram run- 
ning r., with head turned back; in field, 
A € 
S C 

[Cf. BJI.C, Pl. XXIV. 12.] 



Julia Mamaea 
Colonial Coinage 



Bronze 



IOVAIAMAM€A C6BACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Mamaea r., draped, and 
wearing stephaue. 



Similar. 



ANTIOXCXIN MHTPKO 

Similar to No. 265 ; but in place of 
orescent, star of eight rays. 



ANTIOXen NMHTPOKOA 

Similar to No. 276. 



Gordian III. 
Imperial Coinage 
Silver or Billon 

The legends SC, MON VRB, ANTIOXI A , ic^'V^ now appear on the 
silver, cannot have any real significance* 

Tetradrachms 



AVTOKKMANXrOPAIANOCC 

gg (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Gordian 111. 1., radiate, wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar ; but bust r., and laur. 



AHMAPX€ SOVCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, wings open, 
head r., holding wreath in beak; in ex., 

SC 



Similar; but head 1. 

AHMAP X620VCIAC 
AHMAP X€ XOVCIAC 



# See Pick, in Z.f.N., xiv., pp. 315 f. 



A A 2 



180 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



282 



283 



284 



285 



286 



287 



288 
289 



290 



291 



Weight ! ^^^'^^^ 
Size 



220-7 ; M 1-1 



132 -5 ,11 103 



157 



175-1 



169 2 



198-2 



/R 1-1 



186-2 
174-6 



M 1-1 



Bill. 1-1 



1908 



222-9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Similar ; between eagle's legs, ram run- 
ning 1., -with head turned back, above 
■which, crescent, up-wards. 

AHMAPX €2VnATOB 

[Plate lxxiii. 7. "J 

- - B 



Similar, with paludamentum only. 
Bill. 1 i first half of inscr. off coin. 



Similar. 

AHMAPX€ [ ] B 



Philippus Senior 
Imperial Coinage 
Silver oe Billon 
T e t r a d r a o h m's 



AYTOKKMIOYA<l>IAinnOCC€B 

(from. 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philipjjus Senior 1., radiate, 
■wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



AHMAPX €Z:OYCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing facing, head L, ■with 
wings open and wreath in beak ; be- 
neath, sc 



(No. 285 is pierced.) 



AYTOKKMIOYA<MAinnOYC6B 

Similar; but bust r., laur. 



Similar ; but beneath wings, S C ; in 
ex., MONVRB 



[BM.a, Pl. XXV. 3.] 

in field r., above, A ; no ex. line. 



AVTOKKMIOYAI<f>IAinnOCC 
€B 

Similar. 



Bill. 1 


bust r, 




Bill. 1-05 


bust 1. 






Similar 


but bust radiate. 


Bill. 1 


bust r. 




Bill. 1 


bust 1. 





AHMAPX€3:OYCIACYnATOB 

Similar, but eagle's head 1. ; beneath, 
ANTIOXIA 
S C 



Similar, with YTTATOT 
(eagle's head r.) 



ANTIOCH 



181 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



292 



293 



294 



295 
296 



297 
298 



299 
300 



301 



195 



192-8 



171-2 



207 
163 



Bill. 11 
Bill. 1-15 
Bill. 1-06 



Bill. 1 
Bill. 1-1 



JE 1-15 



M 116 



M 1-2 
J5 1-1 



JE 1 



Similar; but bust laur., r. 



Similar ; but bust radiate, 
bust 1. 
bust r. 



Similar, with YTTATOA 

(eagle's head r.) 
J) j> 

Similar, 
(eagle's head r.) 



Colonial Coinage 



Bronze 



AVTOKKMAIOVA<t>IAinnOCC 

£g (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



AVTOKKMIOVAI<t>IAinnOCC 

Similar ; bat bust radiate. 



Similar ; but bust laur. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of the 
Tyche of Antioch v., draped, veiled and 
turreted ; above, ram running r., with 
head tui-ned back ; in field, A € 

s c 

ANTIOXen NMHTPOKOA 



ANTIOXeHN MHTPOKOAH 



ANTIOXGQN MHTPOKOAflN 

Similar ; but beneath bust, star. 



[PX/ATE LXXIII. 8.] 



ANTIOX€QN MHTPOKOAIIN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Apollo, wearing long drapery, standing 
to front, bead 1., holding patera and 
lyre ; at his feet, serpent coded, with 
head erect, r. ; in field, A € 

s c 



[Plate lxxiii. 9.] 



182 



SBLEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weisht 



302 



Metal 
Size 



303 



304 



]90-4 



jE 1-1 



M 1-1 



Bill. 1-05 



305 



M 1-2 



306 



M 1-1 



Obverse 



Kevebse 



Pliilippus Senior and Junior 

Colonial Coinage 

Beonze 



AYTOKKMIOYAI4>IAinnOI 

(from 1., upwards) 
C€B (beneath) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., 
facing bust of Pliilippus Junior 1., 
radiate ; each wears cuirass and palu- 
damentum. 



ANTIOX€I2N MHTPOKOADN 

Similar to No. 299. 



[BJI.C, Pl. XXV. 6.] 



AYTOKKMIOYAI<t>IAinnOICeB 

(from ]., upwards) 
Busts of Philippus Senior, radiate, and 
Philippus Junior, laur., jugate, r. ; each 
wears cuii-ass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



MAPI2TAKIAC€OYHPANC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Otacilia Severa r., draped and 
wearing stephane ; behind shoulders, 
crescent. 



Otacilia 
Imperial Coliuuje 

Billon 
Tetradrachm 

AHMAPX€ 



OVCIACVHATOr 

(from ]., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head r. ; wings 
open and Avreath in beak ; beneath, 
ANTIOXIA 
S C 



Inscr. from 1., upwards, 
with ci'escent. 



Colonial Coinage 
Bronze 
Similar type, 



MAPIiTAKIAC€OVHPANC€B 



Similar. 



MAPnTAKIAICeOVHPANC€B 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of the 
Tyche of Antiochr., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; above, ram running r., with 
head turned back ; in field, A € and 

s c 

ANTIOXenN MHTPO KOA 



Similar ; beneath bust, star. 
ANTIOXenN MHTPOKOAnN 



ANTIOCH 



183 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



307 



187 



Bill. 1 



308 



187-3 



Bill. 11 



309 



M 1-25 



310 

311 
312 

313 
314 



JE 115 



^ 


1-2 


zE 


1-2 


M 


116 


M 


1-25 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Pliilippus Junior 
Tiiipen'itl Coinage 

Btlloh 
T et r adrachms 



MAPIOVAI<l)|AinnOCK€CAP 

(from I., upwards) 
Bust of Pliilippus Junior r., wearing 
paludamentum ; head bare. 



[B.M.G., Pl. XXV. 7.] 



AYTOK KM lOYAI «|> I A I nnOCC 

€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Philippus Junior r., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



AHMAPX €2:OYCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head 1., upon 
palm-branch ; wings open and wreath 
in beak ; in ex., 5 C 



A H M A PX€ T O YC I AC Yn ATO f 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head 1. ; wings 
open, and wreath in beak ; beneath, 
ANTIOXIA 
S C 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXV. 10.] 

Colonial Coinage 
Bronze 



MAPIOVAI<t>IAinnOCKAICAP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Junior r., wearing 
paludamentum. ; head bare. 



AVTOKKMIOYAI<f>IAinnOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Philippus Junior r., laur., palu- 
damentum over shoulder. 



Similar ; but bust, with cuirass and palu- 
damentum. 



Similar; but bust 1. 



Similar ; bust radiate. 



ANTIOX€nN MHTPOKOAQ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of the Tyche of Antiooh r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; above, ram run- 
ning r., with head turned back ; infield, 
A 6 and S C 



ANTIOX€IiN MHTPOKOAriN 

Similar. 



Similar ; but beneath bust, star. 



Similar. 
Similar. 



[Plate lxxiii. 10.] 

(No 314 has been restruck on a ' trial piece,' the reverse die of which had been cut 
so as to turn type and inscr. in the wrong direction.) 



184 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



31c 



316 



317 



318 
319 



321 



322 



Weight 



183-3 
209-6 



320 ! 205-5 



207-4 



183-6 



Metal 
Size 



JE 1-1 



M 1-15 



M -8 



Bill. 1 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



Similar; bust laureate ; shield on 1. arm; 
sjjear over r. shoulder. 



Similar; bust radiate; shield thrown more 
forward ; spear in front. 



AVTOKKMIOVAI<l>IAinnOCC 

€B Bust of Philippus Junior r., radiate, 
-wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



S • C Above, A€ ; beneath, eagle 

standing to front, head r., with wings 
open ; all within laurel -wreath. 

[Plate lxxiii. 11.] 



Trajanus Decius 

Imperial Coinage 

Billon 

Tetradrach.ins 

The pellets which now hegin to appear on the obverses of the tetradrachms are 
numerals* Fo^slhhj this may be a rerival of the custom already noted on 
earlier coins. (See abore, p. 124.) Or it may be the ' officina' 
of the hunt that is indicated. 



AVTKrM€KYA€KIOCTPAIANO 

CC6B (from ]., upwards) 

Bust of Trajanus Decius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum ; beneath, 
pellets or letter. 

two pellets. 



Bill. 1-1 four pellets. 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 11 



Similar, with TPAI ANOC A€KIOC 

three pellets, 
five pellets. 



AHMAPX6ZOYCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front upon palm- 
branch, with wings open and wreath in 
beak ; beneath, S C 

head and branch 1. 

head and branch r. 



Similar. 

head and branch r. 

head and branch 1. 



AyTOKKrAIM€KVINA€KKIOC Similar. 

C€B Similar. 



Bill. I-l 



pellets obscure. 



head and branch 1. 



* See No. 326, and compare the coins of Trebonianus Gallus, especially No. 343. 



ANTIOCH 



182 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obvekse 


Reverse 








Siinilar to No. 320 ; but bust radiate. 


Similar. 


323 


195-9 


Bill. 1-05 


one pellet. 


head and branch r. 


324 


176-2 


Bill. 1-1 


s 

Similar to No. 318, but bust radiate. 


head and branch 1. 
Similar. 


325 


165 


Bill. 1-1 


one pellet. 


head and branch 1. 


326 


183-9 


Bill. 1 


two pellets. 
Similar ; but type 1. 


head and branch r. 
Similar. 


327 


200-4 


Bill. 1-05 


one pellet. 


head and branch 1. 

[Plate lxxiii. 12.] 








Colonial Coinage 








Beonzb 


1 

! 
i 

i 
1 
1 






AVTKrM€KYTPAIANOCA€KIO 

CC€B (from 1., upAvards) 

Bust of Trajanus Decius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum, 


ANTIOXenN MHTPOKOAflN 

(from 1., upward .s) 
Tetrastyle shrine containing figure of 
the Tyohe of Antiooh, draped and tur- 
reted, seated to front on rock, with the 
river-god Orontes swimming at her feet ; 
above, ram running r., with head turned 
back ; in field, above, A € ; in ex., 

sc 


i 328 




M 1-25 


[B.M.C., P 
Similar, with A6KIOCTPAI ANOC 


I,. XXV. 12.] 

ANTIOX€nN MHTPOKOAflN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of the Tyclie of Antiocii r , draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; above, ram run- 
ningr.,with head turned back; beneath, 
star ; in field, A € and S C 


329 




M 1-1 


Similar to No. 328. 


ANTIOX€flN MHTPOKOAHN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche, wearing chiton, peplos, and 
modius, standing to front, head 1., 
holding rudder and cornucopiae ; in 
field, A € and S C 


330 




M -9 







B B 



186 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Herennia Etruscilla 








Imperial Coinage 








Billon 








Tetrad rachm 


33] 


193-6 


Bill. 1 


€P6NNIA€TPOYCKIAAAC€B 

(from 1., upivards) 
Bust of Herennia Etruscilla r., draped 
and wearing stephane ; behind shoulders, 
crescent. 


AHMAPX€XOYCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head r., upon 
palm-branch r. ; wings open, and wreath 
in beak ; beneath, SC 








Colonial Coinage 








Bronze 








€P€NNIATPOYCKIAAAC€B 

{sic, from 1., upwards) 
Similar. 


Similar to No. 328. 


332 




M 1-2 




poor condition. 








Herennius Etrnscus 








Imperial Coinage 








Billon 








T e t r a d r a c h m s 








€P6NN6TPOYM€KYA€KIOCK€ 

CAP (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Herennius Etruscus r., wearing 
paludamentnm ; head bare. 


AHMAPX6KOVCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front upon palm- 
branch, with wings open and wreath in 
beak; beneath, SC 


333 


169-G 


Bill. 1-05 


nothing beneath. 


head and branch 1. 


334 


1707 


Bill. 1-05 


beneath, three pellets. 
Similar. 


head and branch r. 

Similar; but between legs of eagle, a pellet. 


335 


172-3 


Bill. 11 


nothing visible beneath. 


head and branch r. 








Colonial Coinage 








Bronze 








Similar. 


Similar to No. 328. 


336 




M 1-2 







ANTIOCH 



187 



No. 



Weight 



337 



338 



Metal 
Size 



JE 115 



166-7 



339 



Bill. 11 



M 1-2 



340 


181-5 


341 


212-3 


342 


171-9 


343 


177-2 



Bill. 11 
Bill. 1-1 
Bill. 1-1 
Bill. 1-1 



Obvkrse 



Eeveese 



Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian 



Bronze 



€P€NN€TPOYM€KYA€KIOCK€ 

CAP (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Herennius Etruscus r., -w^earing 
paludamentum ; head bare. 



rOYAAOCTIAIANM€KYINTOC 
K€CAP (from L, upwards) ' 

Bust of Hostilian r., wearing paluda- 
mentum ; liead bare. 



Hostilian 
Imperial Coinage 

Billon 
T e t r a d r a c li m 



rOYAAOCTIAIANM€KVINTOC 

K€CAP (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Hostilian r., wearing paluda- 
mentum ; head bare. 



beneath, 5 

Similar, 
nothing beneath. 



AHMAPX€ZOYCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head 1., upon 
palm-branch 1.; wings open, and wreath 
in beak ; beneath, SC 



Beonze 

Similar to No. 328. 



[Plate lxxiu. 13.] 



Trebonianus Gallus 

Imperial Coinage 

Billon 
Te tradr achme 



AVTO K K rOV I BTP€ BTAAAOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Trebonianus Gallus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum; 
beneath, pellets or numeral. 

one pellet. 

two pellets. 

three pellets. 

VI 



AHMAPX€ XOVCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head 1., with 
wings open and wreath in beak ; in ex., 
3 C ; between legs, numeral letter. 



A 
B 

r 

5" 



[Plate lxxui. 14.] 



E B 2 



188 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



N"o. 



344 

345 
846 
347 
348 
349 
350 



351 
352 



353 



354 



355 



Weight 



170-3 

164-7 

204-1 

190-7 

199 

202-7 

168 



222-6 

187-4 



183-8 



Metai, 
Size 



Bill, 1-1 
Bill. 1-1 
Bill. 1 
Bill. 1 
Bill. 1-1 
Bill. 1-1 
Bill. 1 



Obverse 






Bill. 1-1 
Bill. 1 



Bill. 1-1 



M 1-2 



M -85 



Similar. 

one pellet ; (reads AVTKK) 
two pellets, 
three pellets, 
four pellets. 

5" 

Z 

(numeral off coin; type 1.) 

Similar. 

four pellets. 

nothing visible beneath. 

Similar, 
three pellets. 



Reverse 



Similar ; but eagle's head r. 

A 
B 

r 

A 

5" 
Z 
Z 



AHMAPX€XOVCIACVnATOB 

Similar ; eagle's head 1. 



Z (break bet-ween € and X ) 



Similar; but Q C beneath eagle's wings, 
and numeral in ex. ; eagle's head r. 



Colonial Coinage 
Bronze 



Similar ; no numeral beneath. 



Similar ; type radiate. 



Similar to No. 328 ; details of slu-ine more 
elaborately worked out. 

[Plate lxxiii. 15.] 



ANTIOXenNMHTPOKOAXlN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche, wearing chiton, peplos, and 
modius, standing to front, head 1., 
holding rudder in r. and cornucopiae 
in 1. ; in field, A € ; in ex., SC 



ANTIOCH 



189 



No. 



Weikht 



356 



Metai, 
Size 



M 1-1 



357 
358 



164-3 

190-9 



359 



360 



38 



Bill. 1 
Bill. 1-05 



M 1-1 



M -45 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Trebonianus Gallus and Volusianus 

Colonial Coinage 

Brokze 



AVTOKKrATP€ B TAAAOCKAIO 
VOAOVCIANOCC6BB 

(from beneath, tov^ards 1.) 
Bust of Trebonianus Gallus r., laur., 
facing bust of Volusianus 1., radiate ; 
each wears paludamentum and cuirass. 



Similar to No. 328, but A 
in field. 



€ lower down 



\_B.M.C. Pl. xxvr. 5.] 



Volusianus 

Billon 

Te tra drachms 



AVTOKKrA<|>INrAAOV€NAOV 
OAOVCCIANOCC€B 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Bust of Volusianus r., radiate, wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; beneath, 
pellets. 



one pellet, 
pellets not visible. 

Similar ; nothing beneath. 



AHMAPXeiOVCIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, with wings 
open and wreath in beak ; in ex., SC ; 
between legs, numeral letter. 



A ; eagle's head r. 
B ; eagle's head 1. 

Bronze 

Similar to No. 328. 



Late Imjierial Times 

The following, which is really a lloman coin, not a Greek one, 

perhajis belongs to the reign of Mian the Apostate. 

See Eckhel, D.N.V., iii., p. 304. 



G6NIOAN TIOCHENI 

(from 1., upwards) 
The Tyche of Antioch, draped and 
turreted, seated to front on rock ; at 
her feet, river- god, swimming to front. 



APOLLONI(s/c) SANCTO 

(from 1., upwards) 
Apollo, draped, standing to front, head 
1., holding patera in 1., and lyre in r. j 
in field r., S; in ex., SMA 



[Plate lxxiii. 16.] 



190 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



121 

118 
131-5 



99 



Metal 
Size 



JE -So 
M -9 
M -85 



M -8 



80-5 



M -7 



Obverse 



Eevebse 



APAMEA 

First Century B.C.* 

Bronze 

Apamea, on the Orontes, named after the wife of Seleucus I., ivas a town of great 
importance under the Seleucid kings, and one of the royal mints (see p. 67). During 
the first century B.C. bronze coins were issued, at fairly regular intervals, usually in 
tvw or three deitomi7iations. At first these are dated according to the Seleucid Era. 
The other combinations of letters are doubtless magistrates' names. From a com- 
parison of these it loould appear that the magistrate who signs on the coins held 
office for two or three successive years. On the other hand, different signatures are 
sometimes found in the course of one and the same year.'\ 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



THZIEPAZ ^^^°^^> 

KAIAZYAOY (in ex.) 

Elephant advancing r., witli trunk up- 
lifted ; in field r., date ; beneath lowest 
line of inscr., magistrate's name. 



MZ [=72 B.C.]; /V\NA (?) 

TMZ [=69 B.C.] ; MNA 

EMZ [=67 B.C.]; MNA 
[Plate lxxiii. 17.] 



Head of Tyche r., draped and turreted ; 
border of dots. 



AnAMEHN 
THZIEPAZ 
KAIAZYAOY 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; above lowest line of inscr., date ; 
beneath it, magistrate's name. 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



MZ [=72 B.C.]; BA (?) 
[Plate lxxiii. 18.] 



Head of Demeter r., veiled, and wearing 
wreath of corn ; border of dots. 



AnAMEXlN u . ., 

yiiyippA^ (to r., downwards) 

KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Ear of barley ; on either side, a poppy- 
head ; beneath second line of inscr., 
date ; beneath lowest line, magistrate's 
name. 

MZ [=72 B.C.]; BA (?) 
[Plate lxxiii. 19.] 

* For earlier coins struck in association with Antiooh, Laodicea, and Seleucia, see suvra 
p. 141. ' ^ ' 

J In 17 B.C., for example, each of the three denominations is signed by a different 
magistrate (see Nob. 14, 21, and 24), while in 72 B..C. the highest denomination bears one 
signature, and the remaining two another (see Nos. 1, 4, 5). 



APAMEA 



191 



No. 



Weight 



182 
106 



113-5 



9 
10 

11 



106-5 
92-5 

97 



Metal 

Size 



M -85 
M -85 



M -85 



M -8 
M -75 

M -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



In the next issue represented here the method of dating is changed. The era 
employed appears to be the Caesarian* lohich had been introduced a year 
or two previously at Antioch. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



[Cf. B.M.C. 



THZIEPAZ ^^^'""'^ 

KAIAZYAOY (in ex.) 

Elephant advancing r., witli trunk up- 
lifted ; in field r. , date ; beneath lowest 
line of inscr., magistrate's name. 

X [=42 B.C.]; MH (?) 

H [=41 B.C.]; MH (?) 
Pl. XXVII. 6.] 



In 40 B.C. there is a return to the Seleucid Era. A similar reaction tooJc place in 

the same year at Antioch {see supra, p. 145, No. 31). There it was temporary. 

Here it was permanent, lasting on into Imperial times. 



Bust of Athena r., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet and aegis ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



(to r., downwards) 



AHAMEflN 

THZIEPAZ 

KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm; above lowest line of inscr., date; 
in ex., magistrate's name. 

BOZ [=40 B.C.]; AN 



(to r., downwards) 



AnAMEflN 
THZIEPAZ 
KAIAYToNOMoY (to 1., downwards) 
Similar. 



EOZ [=37 B.C.]; AN 

5*0 Z [=36 B.C.] ; name off coin. 
[Cf. B.M.C, V^. XXVII. 3.] 

BTTZ [ = 30 B.C.] ; no name visible. 



* It has been commonly suppoBed to be the Actian. The difficulties involyed in such a 
view are well stated by Mr. Wroth {B.M.G., GaUtia, etc., p. Uiv.). The adoption of the 
Caesarian, as here suggested, would bring types and style into their proper places m the 



192 



SELEUCIS AND PIEEIA 



No. 



12 
13 

14 
15 



16 
17 

18 
19 
20 
21 
22 



23 

24 



Weight 



155 
135-5 

135 
133-5 



105-5 

122 

98'5 

93-5 

110-5 

101 

122 



71 
66 



Metal 

SiZF, 



M -95 

M -95 

^ -9 

JE -9 



M -75 

^ -8 

^ -8 

M -8 

^ -8 

^ -8 

.^ -85 



^ -7 
zE -65 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The next series contains three denominations, and the issue seems to 
have been an abundant one. 



Head of young Dioiij'sos r., wreathed -witli 
ivy ; liair in ringlets ; border of dots. 



THZIEPAZ (to-, downwards) 
KAIAXYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Thyrsos upright ; above lowest line of 
inscr., date ; in field beneath, magis- 
trate's name. 



countermark, head of Tycbe of City r. 
draped, veiled, and turreted. 



Bust of Athena r., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet and aegis ; bordei' of dots. 



EnZ [=27 B.C.]; A N (?) 

rqz [=i9b.c.]; e I 

[Plate lxxiii. 20.] 

EqZ [=17b.c.]; E I 

ESZ [=17 B.C.]; name obscure. 



Bust of Tyche of City r., draped, veiled, 
and turreted ; border of dots. 



AHAMEnN ... .. 

T H Z I E P A Z (*° 1 • ' downwards) 

KAjAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm ; above lowest line of inscr., date; 
in ex., magistrate's name. 

STTZ [=26 B.C.] ; name obscure. 
ZTTZ [=25 B.C.] ; name off coin. 
BSZ [=20 B.C.]; NOY 
rS Z [= 19 B.C.] ; name off coin. 

rqz [=19 B.C.]; xp 

EqZ [=17 B.C.]; XP 

EqZ [=17 B.C.]; name illegible. 



AnAMEHN ,, -, 
-p|_j^|gpA2- (.to r., downwards) 

KAIAZVAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Athena, helmeted and draped, standing 
1., holding in r. wreath-bearing Nike r., 
and leaning with 1. on spear, against 
which rests her shield ; above lowest 
line of inscr., date; in ex., magistrate's 
name. 



SnZ [=26 B.C.]; AN (?) 

EqZ [=17 B.C.]; OE 
[Plate lxxiii. 21.] 



APAMEA 



193 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



26 



130 
119 



JE -8 
M -85 



It seems doubtful whether the following represent two series, or merehi 
two denominations of the same series. 



Head of Dionysos r., Avreatlied with ivy ; 
hail" in lonof rinsrlets. 



THZ^EPAZ (tor., downwards) 
KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted ; above lowest line 

I of inscr., date ; in field beneatli, magis- 

j trate's name. 



FT [=9 B.C.]; A I 

rX [=9 B.C.]; Al 

I 
[Plate lxxiil 22.] 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



27 



106 



.oli "c*; 



(to r., downwards) 



AnAMEHN 

THZIEPAZ 

KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Thyrsos npriglit ; above lowest line of 
inscr., date; in field beneath, magis- 
trate's name. 



AT [=8 B.C.]; M A 

i 
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXVII. .5.] 



28 



143 



M -85 



First Centnrij a.d. 

The dates on the followiru/ are difficult, hit the simplest solution seems to he 
to regard those on Nos. 28 and 29, and on Nos. 32 and 33, _ as abbreviated 
Seleiicid dates* This r/ives a chronological arrangement that is in entire con- 
formitii with the naturcd sequence of types. In each of the three series there 
' arc two denominations. In the second, the Emperor displaces Athena as the 
obverse type of the larger denomination, the goddess being transferred 
to the reverse of the 'smcdler one. In the third the Tyche of the 
city is treated much as Pcdlas loas in the second. 



Bust of Athena r., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet and aegis ; border of dots. 



(to r., downwards) 



AHAMEflN 

THZIEPAZ 

KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; above lowest line of inscr., date ; 
in ex., magistrate's name. 

AK [=13 A.D.?]; AN 



* The weight of No. 28, no less than the different method of dating, marks it off from 
j,ne weignx. oi -^"U; "". , mi,, orirmtion of either the Actian or the Caesarian 

displacing the Emperor's head as a type. 

c c 



VOL. III. 



L94 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



29 



76 



^ -7 



30 



159 



M -95 



31 



117-5 



M -85 



32 



161-6 



^-E -9 



33 



108 



jE -8 



Head of Tyclie of City r., veiled and 
turreted ; drapery about neck ; border 
of dots. 



Similar. 



CC I [= 5 A.D. ?] ; name of: coin. 
[Plate lxxiii. 23.] 



Head of Tiberius r. 
dots. 



laur, ; border of 



(to 1., upwards) 



. . AMEHN 

. HZIEPAZ 

[KA] I AZYAOY (to r., upwards) 
Nike standing r., holding wreath and 
palm ; above lowest line of inscr., date. 



CCKT [=15 A.D.]; ex. off coin. 



[Plate lxxiii. 24.] 



Head of Tyche of City r., veiled and 
turreted ; drapery about neck ; no border 
visible. 



(to r., downwards) 



[An]AMEilN 

THZIEPAZ 

KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Athena, draped and helmeted, advan- 
cing 1., carrying spear over r. shoulder 
and shield on 1. arm ; above lowest line 
of inscr., date. 



oc KT 

in ex. 



[=15 A.D.]; nothing visible 



[Plate lxxiii. 25.] 



Head of Tiberius (?) r., latir. ; 
dots. 



(to r., downwards) 



Similar 



border of [A]nAMEn[N] 
THZIEPAZ 

KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; above lowest line of inscr., date ; 
i in ex., magistrate's name. 

HK [=17 A.D.?]; AH 
[Plate lxxiii. 26.] 



ATTAMEHN (tor., downwards) 

[ ] (to 1., downwards) 

Bust of Tyche of City r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; above lower pai't 
of inscr., date ; beneath neck, magis- 
trate's name. 

HK [=17 A.D.?]; AH(?) 
[Plate lxxiii. 27.] 



EMLSA 



195 



No. 



Weighs 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Keveese 



34 



94 



M -S 



M 1 



27(6 title which the citi/ noiu (isi<nmes shoioa th<d the followiinj lelorujs to 
the reign of Vluudiun. It is prohahli/ dated from an era heginmiKj 
with the adoption of the new title* 



Head of Zeus r., laur. 
neck ; border of dots. 



drapery about 



KAAYAI6WNA H • M€WN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyclie of City, draped and turreted, 
seated 1. on rock, holding ears of corn 
in extended r., and leaning with 1. on 
shield, which stands on the ground be- 
hind her ; at her feet, river-god swim- 
ming 1. ; in field 1., date ; border of 
dots. 



6TO 

[Plate lxxui. 28.] 



[=Year 2] 



3 

4 



EMISA 



Imperial Times 



Antoninus Pius 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Anto- 
ninus Pius r., laur. 



[ ] N€INO 



Similar. 
M -d . . • KAITIAIAAAPIANOC [- - -] 

Similar. 

^85 I AVTKAITIL---] N€INOCC€B€ 
VC€ 



[€]MI CHNGJN (from 1., upwards) 
Conical stone of the solar god Elagabal; 
on it is perched an eagle r., with wings 
closed, and head turned back, holding a 
wreath in its beak ; in field r., numeral 
letter.! 



Similar. 
€ 

Similar, with €MIC HNCJN 
B 



M 95 AVTKAITIAI - - - N6INOCC€B 
€V 

i [Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXVII. 8.] 



* See Imtoof, Num. Zeitschr., xxxiii., pp. 
correctly rendered. 

f On these letters, see siipi-o, p. 124. 



5 f., where the legend is, for tie first time, 



C C 



196 



SELEQOIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



M -9 



JE -9 



.E 1 



M 1 



JE -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



inscr. illegible. 



Similar, with €M I CH NflN ; eagle's 
wings open. 



AVT 



- [- 



--] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludanientum. 



€MICH NWN (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of solar god Elagabal r., radiate 
and draped ; in front, numeral letter. 



5 (?) 



[Plate lxxiv. 1.] 



Julia Domna 



Julia Domna teas herself the daughter of a priest of Elaijahal. It toas, 

doubtless, in honour of this that Caracalla made the city a ' colonia.' 

The dates are rechoned from the Seleucid Era. 



lOYAIA AOMNAAVr 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Domna r., draped. 



Similar, with AVFOY 



Similar, with AVP 



€/v\ICn N K OAHNI 

(from 1., upwards) 
Great altar of the solar god Elagabal, 
decorated with a doable row of statues 
(six in all), each placed in a niche 
formed by two pillars and an arch ; the 
great pillars that flank the body of the 
altar are richly carved ; on the epistyle 
which they support is a long flat super- 
structure on which a fire is blazing; 
beneath the whole, date. 

ZK<|) [=216a.d.] 

[Plate lxxiv. 2.] 



€/v\ICn N KO AHNIA C 

Similar ; but the great altar rests upon 
I a base, while the superstructure consists 
[ of a double arch ; no fire. 

I ZK«1> [=216a.d.]; a 

j 

[Plate lxxiv. 3.] 

€MICnN K [O AI2NIAC] 

Snnilar ; but superstructure consists of 
a small altar which is lighted. 

ZK<I> [=216a.d.] 

[-B.3/.C., Pl. xxvii. 11:] 



EMISA 



197 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



10 



JE !■: 



11 



M -85 



12 



JE -9 



13 



14 
15 



M -9 



M -9 
M -9 



Obverse 



Beverse 



Caracalla 



AYTKMAYP ANTnN€INOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur., -wearing cui- 
rass and paludamentum. 



Similar type. 



inscr. obscure. 



€MICnN (tol., upwards) 
KOAflN (to r., downwards) 

Hexastyle temple of solar god Elagabal ; 
in pediment, square object ; a flight of 
four steps leads up to centre of temple, 
in which stands conical stone of the 
god, surrounded by a balustrade and 
shaded by two parasols ; in front of 
stone is an eagle ; in ex., date. 

ZK<t» [= 216 A.D.] ; eagle hardly visible. 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXVII. 12.] 



€MICnN KO[ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Conical stone of the solar god Elagabal ; 
on it is perched an eagle r., with wings 
closed and head turned back, holding a 
wreath in its beak ; in field 1., date. 



HK<I> [=217a.d.] 



Elagabalus 

Elagabalus loas a pylcst of the .jod.- By Us order, the sacred stone was 

transported to Borne. That the games mentioned on Nos. 12 S. were held in 

honour of the local divinity is plain from their name. The appearance of Latin 

inscriptions in this reign should be noted. (Cf Antioch, ^o. 264.) 



AVTKAXAAMTiimM 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Elagabalus r., radiate. 



Same inscr. Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Elaga- 
balus r., radiate. 

IMCM ANTONINVS 
IMCMA NTONINVS 



fA HT- € (to 1., upwards) 

MIC- KO (to r., downwards) 

Agonistic urn, flanked by two branches 
of laurel; above, -HAIA-; in ex., 
TTV0IA and numeral letter. 

e (or 6 ?) 



MHTP (to 1., upwards) 
K€A\ (to r., downwards) 

Similar, with TTVeiA above, and 

HAIA beneath. 



e (or B ?) 



MHT POK€MICnN 

(from 1., upwards) 

Similar to No. 12. 



3 
3 



[Plate lxxiv. 4.] 



198 



SELEUCIS AJSTD PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



16 



AYTKAIAAAMTr2M€l MOCC6 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Elagabalus r., laiir. 



^ -76 



€AMC KOA [- -] 

(from r., downwards) 
Conical stone of Elagabal ; on it is 
perched an eagle standing- to front, 
head I., wings open, and wreath in 
beak ; beneath, date. 



17 



M -7 



A* [=219 A.D.] 

(No. 16 is pierced.) 



AVTK (from 1., upwards) 

Similar tyjje. 



€A\ICX2N A\HTPOK 

(from r., downwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head ]., wings 
open and wreath in beak ; in field 1., 
numeral letter. 



Uranius Antoninus 



18 



JE 1-25 



AVTOKCOVAH ANTWNINOC 

C€ (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Uranius Antoninus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



(to 1., upwards) 

KOAX2N (to r., downwards) 

Hexastyle temple of solar god Elagabal ; 

in pediment, crescent upwards ; in 

temple, conical stone of god, shaded by 

two parasols ; in ex., date. 



eZ4> [=2.54 A.D.] 

[BJI.C, Pl. XXVIII. 2.] 
(No. 18 is pierced.) 

EPIPHANEIA 

Beokze 

Second Ccnfuri/ B.C. 

Ejjiplumeia, orujinaUi/ Hamath, loas renamed hy Antiochus Epiplianes. Buring tlie 
second century B.C. it struck autonomous bronze in two denominations, only the 
Ictrger of wliicli is Jiere represented. The folloiointj are prohabh/ dated 
I from the era of Aradus (259-8 B.C.) 



1 

2 



83 
86-5 



JE -B 
M '75 



Head of Tyche of City r., veiled and 
W turreted. 



(to r., downwards) 



Eni<|>ANEnN 

THZIEPAZ 

KAIAZYAOY (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, 1. foot on stool; he leans 
with 1. on sceptre, and holds on extended 
r. wreath-bearing Nike r. ; in ex., date. 



eS [=159 B.C.] 
[Plate LxxI^■. 5.] 

I ZP(?) [=151b.c.]; (Cininscr.) 



EPIPHANEIA— GABALA 



199 



Metal 
Size 




Obverse 



Reverse 



GABALA 

Imperial ('oiiicKje 

At Gahdla tJie Caesarian Era appears to have been regarded as beginning 

in 47 B.C. Instead of the numbers of the months, as in many Syrian cities, 

abbreviated magistrates' names appear on the Rev. from the reign 

of Trajan till that of (Jeta. 



Claudius 



Head of Claudius r., laur. 



lE -85 



^ -9 
^ -9 



jE -7 



M -95 



rABAAEIlN (to r., downwards) 
Goddess,* draped and wearing kalathos, 
seated 1. on throne, leaning with 1. on 
long sceptre, and holding poppy- head 
in extended r. ; on either side of the 
throne is seated a sphinx 1., with kala- 
thos; infieldl., P [ = 54a.d.]; in ex., 
KA ; above ethnic, traces of letters. f 



[Plate lxxiv. 6.] 



Trajan 



N6PKAIC TPAIAC€B[r€P] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



(countermark, Athena standing r. 
spear and shield.) 



with 



_ N6PKAIC TPAIAC€Br€PM 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



rABAASIlN (to r., downwards) 
Similar type ; goddess holds poppy-head 
between ears of corn ; star above head 
of sphinx in front ; in .field 1., above, 
BNP [=107a.d.]; in ex., CU) 



[B.M.a, Pl. xxviii. 8.] 



TABAAenN (to 1., upwards) 

Eagle standing 1. on palm-branch, wings 
open ; in field ]., star ; in ex., CW 



[Plate lxxiv. 7.] 



Commodus 



AYTKAIMA[P] AYPK . . AON 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Commodus 1., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentam. 



TAB A A€(0. (in field above) 
Owl standing r. on globe, face to face 
with sphinx seated 1. on decorated basis; 
in ex., €(?)T; above ethnic, PAC 
[= 187 A.D.] ; behind owl, A (or A ?), 
.above which, crescent with horns up- 
wards. I 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxviii. 10.] 

* See Imhoof-Bhiraer, Num. Zeitsohr., xxxiii. (19U1), p. 7. 

+ Possibly the coin has been restruck. A. n -n ^^ i i 

and star on No. 9. 



200 



SELEUGIS AND PIEEIA 



No. 



Weisht 



Metal 
Size 



M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Sejjtimius Severus 



AYT HPOC 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur. 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



M 1 



AYTOKAIACen 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



countermark, SA(?) 



rAB;\ A€W N (to 1., upwards) 
Within distyle shrine, bust (of Julia 
Domna ?) r., wearing turreted head- 
dress and resting upon basis ; to r., 
downwards, C A\ [= 194 A.D.I 
• H (?) P* 

[Plate lxxiv. 8.] 



TABAAGCON (to r., downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1., leaning 
with 1. on sceptre, and holding on 
extended r. wreath-bearing Nike r. ; in 
front, eagle standing 1., with wings open 
and head turned back ; beneath ethnic, 
€T; in ex., AMC [=195 a.d.] ; to 
1., upwards, AN 



[Plate lxxiv. 9.] 



Caracalla 



MAVPANTC0NINON€VC€ 

BC [ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Caracalla r., radiate. 



M 1 



AV KAM C€B 

(from L, upwards) 
Head of Caracalla r., laur. 



M 1-1 



10 



JE 11 



AVKAI.yv\A 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Caracalla r., laur. 



TAB A (from 1., upwards) 

Goddess, draped and wearing kalathos, 
seated 1., leaning with 1. on sceptre and 
holding patera in extended r. ; to r. of 
throne, sphinx (?). 



TABA A€WN (from 1., upwards) 
Cultus-statue of goddess, draped, veiled, 
and wearing kalathos, seated to front on 
throne with high back; beside either 
knee, sphinx seated ; in field above, 
crescent and star. 



TAB A A €WN (from 1., upwards) 
Tyche, draped and wearing kalathos, 
seated 1. on throne ; holding rudder 
and cornucoj)iae. 



* This is l^obably the coin cited from Vaillant by Mionnet (v., p. 236, No. 641) as having 
the legend TYXH . If the reading here given be correct, H P will be the 
the doubtful letter, however, mav be N. 



magistrate's name. 



GABALA 



201 



No. 



Weight 



11 



12 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



AVKAIMAP ANT(0N€INO 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur., wearing 
paludamentum. 



M 1-05 



13 



14 



15 



M -85 



A MA ANTHNINOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



_K ANTHNIN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



TAB A [A€]WN (from 1., upwards) 
Athena, draped and wearing crested 
helmet, standing 1. before lighted 
altar ; . she leans with 1. on shield, 
against which spear rests, and holds 
on extended r. wreath - bearing Nike 
1. ; in field 1., above, crescent with 
horns upwards. 



[Plate lxxiv. 10.] 



Similar, with TABA A6I2N 



TABA A €£2N 

T3'che, draped and wearing kalathos, 
standing to front, head 1., holding 
rudder and cornucopiae. 



M 1-0.5 



M 1-1 



Geta 



AOYC€n reXACKAIC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Geta r., wearing cuirass and 
paladamentum ; head bare. 



rABAA€ CON (from r., downwards) 
Goddess, draped and wearing kalathos, 
seated 1. on throne ; she leans with 1. 
on long sceptre, and holds flower (?) 
in extended r. ; on either side of throne, 
sphinx 1., wearing kalathos ; beneath 
goddess's r., obscure date [CN A ?] ; in 
field, above, AION 

[Plate lxxiv. 11.] 



Macrinus 



AVK€On --KP€INO- - 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Macrinus v., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



TAB A A €(0N (from 1., upwards) 
Tjche, draped, and wearing kalathos, 
seated 1. on throne, holding rudder and 
cornucopiae. 



D D 



VOL. III. 



202 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



16 



221-5 



101 



Metal 

SlZR 



M 1-2 



M 1-05 



M -9 



Obvbkse 



Reveksk 



Elagabalus and Aquilia Severa-'= 



[ ] ANTWNeiNOC C€B 

(from 1., upwards) 

rABAAeCON (in inner cii-cle) 

Bust of Elagabalus (?) r., radiate, wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum. 



lOYAIAAKOYAIA CGOYHPAC 

£B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Aquilia Sev(}ra (?) r., draped ; 
behind shoulders, crescent. 



[Plate lxxiv. 12.] 



LAODICEA AD MARE t 

First Century B.O. 

Some of the combinations of letters on the folloioing pieces undoubtedly represent 

numerals; but their precise significance is still unexplained. The coinage 

generally shuidd be compiared with that of Seteticia. 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard (debased) 

T et radrachm 



Head of Tyche of Laodicea r., veiled and 
turreted ; bead and reel border. 



[A] AO A (to r., down- 

TH5:i[EP]AZKA[l] wards) 

AYTO N O M OY (to 1., downwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne, leaning with 1. on sceptre, and 
holding on extended r. wreath-bearing 
Nike r. ; beneath r. hand, AK ; beneath 
seat, 1^ ; in ex., KA ; the whole within 
wreath. 



(No. 1 is pierced.) 

[Plate lx.xiv. 13.] 



Bronze 



Young male head r., radiate ; chlamys 
about neck. 



(to r., downwai'ds) 

AYT O N O M OY (to 1., downwards) 
Artemis, wearing short chiton, standing 
1., leaning with r. on spear, and holding 
bow (?) in 1. 

in field 1., traces of letters. 



* This piece has the appearance of having been tooled and altered. 

f For coins struck by Laodicea in association witli Antioch, Apamea and Seleucia see 
supra, p. 141 f. 



LAODICEA AD MARE 



203 



No. 



Wkigiit 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



117 



M -85 



135 


M 


•9 


123 


M 


•95 


127 


M 


•95 



130 



82-5 



69 



M -9 



JE -9 



M -Ih 



Head of Zeus r., laiir. ; border of dots. 



I [AY]TONoMOY (to 1., down vizards) 
Tripod-lebes with tliree handles ; in 
I field 1., B; beneath, E (?) I 



[Cf. 7].j)/.r., Pl. XXIX. 5.] 

T/ie foUoioing icere struck subsequent to the visit of JiiUiis Caesar 

in 47 B.C., iclien the Laodiceans assumed from his name 

a title of honour for their city. 



Bust of the Tyche of Laodicea r., draped, 
veiled and turreted. 



(uncertain countermark.) 
(bead and reel border.) 
(bead and reel border.) 



' TnN KA 1^ (*° ''•' ''°^°^™'-'^^) 
AAOAIKEHN (tol., downwards) 

Tjche, draped, standing 1., holding 

rudder and cornuoopiae. 

in field 1., BK (?) ; in ex., MN (?) 
BK(?); „ /nN(?) 
AK; „ ME 



[Cf. B.U.C., Pl. XXIX. 8.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 

in field 1., TO ; in ex., ZA\ 



[Plate lxxiv. 14.] 



Young male head r., radiate ; chlamjs 
about neck ; in front, star ; border of 
dots. 



' TX2N K A 1^ (*° ^•' 'io^^^^^'^^'i^) 
AAOAIKEIiN (to 1., downwards) 
Artemis, wearing short chiton, standing 
1., leaning with 1. on spear, and holding 
bow in r. 



Earhj Imperial Times 



Head of youthful Dionysos 1., wearing 
wreath of ivy ; drapery about neck ; in 
front, filleted thyrsos. 



lOVAIEOJN (to 1., upwards) 

Ta)NKAIA[AO] , upwards) 

AIKECa[N] (tor., up«aiasj 

Pharos, surmounted by statue, 
above title, doubtful letters (ANP ?) 
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxix. 11.] 

D D 2 



204 



SELEUCIS AND PIEEIA 



No. 



Weight 



10 



11 



J2 



13 



U 
15 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



M -95 



JE -9 



M -8 



Ai 1 
M 1 



Obverse 



Revekse 



Imperial Coinage 

Such dales as occur on imperial coins are reckoned from the Caesarian Era, 

commencing in 48 B.C. Magistrates' names are frequent, as at Gahala. 



Claudius 



KAI CAPOCCEBACTOY 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. 



[IO]YAIEnNTf2[N] (to r., down- 
KAIAAOAI wards) 

KEHN (to 1., downwards) 
Tjclie, draped, standing 1., holding 
rudder and cornucopias. 

in field 1., above, S* 1 * [= 48 A.D.] 



Domitian 



AVTOK KAI AO/v\ I TIANOY [FE] 

PA\ (from 1., upwards) 

A N I KOY (to r., on inner line) 
C€ (beneath) 

Head of Domitian r., laur. 



AVTOKPAXnPAOMITIANOCC 

€BA (from r., upwards) 

Head of Domitian 1., laur. 



IOYAIEXlN[T] u A A ^ 

£1NKA\ (to r., downwards) 

AAOAIKEHN (to L, downwards) 
Tyclie, draped and wearing kalathos, 
standing 1., holding rudder and cornu- 
copias. 

in field, C A (above), and XAP (to 1.) 



Similar. 



Inscr. from beneath, towards 1. Head of 
Trajan r., laur. ; paludamentum over 
shoulder. 



N€PTPAIANOCAPICT 

AYTOKPN6PTPAIANOCAPICT 
KAICC6B 



(to r., upwards) 
(to 1., upwards) 



loVAlE 

KAIAAO 
AlKEflN 

Tyohe standing 1., holding wreath in 
extsndsd r., and with 1. holding cornu- 
copias and leaning upon rudder. 

Similar. 

(AAIi in inscr.) 



raj an 



lOYAieWNTWNKAl AAOAIK6 

CONBZP [=114a.d.] 

(from 1., upwards) 
. Bust of the Tyche of l.aodicea r., draped, 

veiled, and turreted ; bunch of grapes 

hangs down in front of ear ; in front of 

neck, magistrate's name. 



A 
K 



[Plate lxxiv. 15.] 



The traces of the q are very slight. 



LAODICEA AD MARE 



205 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



16 
17 

18 



19 
20 



21 



22 



23 

24 
25 



M 1 



JE 1 



M 1 



M 1 



JE 1-05 



M -75 



M 1 



Ji -95 
^ 1 
^ 1 



AY 
TK 



. N€PTPAIANOCAPIC 



AYTOKPN€PTPA[IANOCA] PIC 
TKAICC€Br€PAAK 

[AYTOKP]N€PTPAIANOCAPIC 
TKAICC€Br[ ] 



Similar. 

[ ]N€PTPAIANOCAPICTKA 

IC[ ] 

AYTOKPN6PTPAIANOCAPICT 
KAICC6Br€PAAK 



Similar. 



inscr. obscure. 



K 

lOY 

lOY 

Similar; with fZP [=115 a.d.] 
KO 



IOYAI€a}NTa)NKAI A[AOAI]K 
etONTZP [=115 A.D.] 

(from ]., upwards) 
Tyohe of Laodicea, wearing chiton (and 
high head-dress ?), standing to front, 
head r., holding on extended 1. Nike 
1., and leaning with r. on rudder; in 
field r., P^ 



Antoninus Pius 



(from 1., upwards) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



Similar. 



inscr. obscure ; countermark, bearded 
head r. 

AYTOKAITIAIAIAAPIANTWNe 
INOCC€B€YC 

ANTO) N€INOCC€B€Y ; 

countermark, small head (of Commo- 
dus ?) r. 



IOYAI€C0NTWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of the Tyche of Laodicea r., draped, 
and wearing necklace and castellated 
head-dress ; bunch of grapes hangs 
down behind ear ; behind head, STTP 
[= 139 A.D.] ; in front of neck, magis- 
trate's name. 

0O 



lOYAICWNTWNKAl AAOAIK6 

00 N (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type; behind, HTTP [=140 
A.D.] ; in front of neck, magistrate's 
name. 

0€ (inscr. obscure) 
KO (TOONK AIAA) 
/v\0 (TWNK A lAA) 



206 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



JSTo. 



26 



27 



28 



29 



30 



31 

32 



34 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-05 



M -95 



M 1 



JE 1 



M 1 



M -95 
M 1 



JE, 1 



^ 1-05 



Obverse 



Similar. 

[ ]TIAIAIAAPIAN TWN6IN 

ONCeB€Y 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of Anto- 
ninus Pius 1., laur., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentum. 

AIAIA A PIANTWN ---; 

countermark, small head (of Commo- 
dus?) r. 

--C0N€INO ; same counter- 
mark. 



Inscr. from r., upwards. Similar type. 
WN€INONC€€V 

Similar to No. 22. 

TIAIAAPIANT r2N€INON 

[ ] ; countermark, small head (of Corn- 
modus ?) r. 

Similar to No. 27. 

AITIAIAAP ANTWNe ; 

same countermark. 

AYTOKATIAIAAP ANTHNeiN 
ONC€B 



Reverse 



Similar ; but type 1. 
KO (T(0 N KAIA) 

Similar to preceding. 

e€ (TWNK A lAAO) 

KO (TCaN K AIAA) 

Similar. 

$o (TO) N KAIA) 

Similar; but behind, MP [=142a.d.] 
KPA (TO) N KAIA) 



[Plate lxxiv. 16.] 



Similar. 

o 



e€ 



(inscr. obscure) 



Y^ (Tn NK AIA) 



M. Aurelius and L. Verus 



Inscr. illegible. Head of M. Aurelius r., 
laur. 



- - nPK AlC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of L. Verus r., laur. ; iu front of 
neck, AAO(?) 



Commodus 



laur. 



Head of Commodus r., 



loYAI€ONTON [ ] 

(from ]., upwards) 
Within distyle shrine, bust of Tjche r., 
draped and tnrreted, resting on a basis • 
outside shrine, to 1., upwards, ATTO • 
and to r., downwards, MAP(?) 

[Plate lxxiv. 17.] 



LAODICEA AD MARE 



207 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 

StZK 



Obverse 



Reverse 



35 



36 



^ 1-05 



M 1-1 



37 



38 



39 



40 



JE 1-2 



M 1-2 



VE 1 



M -75 



Septimius Severus 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of Septimius 
Severus r., laur., wearing cuirass arid 
paludamentum.. 

AYTKAICen C60YHP0C 



[ ] KAI C €nC€OYHP; two 

countermarks, COL, and OI(?) 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Within distyle 
shrine, bast of Julia Domna r., draped. 



AVrAOMNA TYXH 

WC 

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. XXX. 9.] 

AVrAolVNA TVMMHTPOnO 
A€IiN {sic) 



Caracalla 



ANTONINVSPIVSAV GE 

RC (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Caracalla r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over shoulder. 



ROMAE (above) 
FEL (in ex.) 

Wolf r., suckling twins. 



Macrinus 



IMPCMOPSEV 

AVG- (sic) (from 
Head of Macrinus r.. 



AAACPINOSP 

]., upwards) 
laur. 



Similar. 



Elagabalus 



_ -MAVR ANTON 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over shoulder. 



IMPCMAVR ANTONINVS 

Similar. 



COLLAODCMETROPOLEOS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Distyle shrine, resting upon basis and 
having a dome on the top ; within stands 
an eagle, facing, with wings open and 
head 1. ; in field, A € 



AA AO {sic, on 1., upwards) 
I K€ W N (on r., downwards) 

Within distyle shrine, bust of the Tyche 
of Laodicea r., draped and turreted, 
resting upon basis ; in field, A € 



208 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



41 
42 



43 

44 
45 



46 



47 



48 



Metal 
Size 



M -65 

M -7 



M -75 
^ -76 
tB -75 



M 1 



^ 1 



M 1-2 



Obverse 



Similar. 

AVRANT 

IMPCMAVR ANTONINVS 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of Elaga- 
balus r., radiate, "wearing cuirass and 
paludamentum. 



IMPCMAVRANTONINVS AVG 
IMPCM AVRANTONIN[VS]AVG 
IMPCMAVR ANTON[ ] 



Eeveese 



Inscr. on 1., upwards, and on r., down- 
wards. Within distyle shrine, bust of 
the Tjche of Laodicea r., draped and 
turreted ; in ex., A € 

CEON 

LADI CEON 

[Plate ixxiv. IS.'] 



LAVDICEON (from 1., upwards) 
Two naked wrestlers, on the point of 
getting into grips with one another ; 
behind the one on the 1., amphora; be- 
hind the one on the r., palm (??) ; in 
ex., A € 



palm (??) off coin. 



[Plate lxxiv. 19.] 



Philippus Senior 



AYTOKKMIOYAI4)|AinnOCC€ 

B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar 



COLLAODMETR OPOLEOS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tjohe, draped, and wearing turreted 
head-dress, standing to front, head r., 
leaning with r. on rudder, and holding 
small figure (of athlete?) on extended 
1. ; in field, A € 



COLLAODMETROPOLEOS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Distyle shrine, resting upon basis and 
having a dome on the top ; within stands 
eagle facing, with wings open and head 
1. ; in field, A € 

IBJI.C, Pl. XXXI. 7.] 



Trebonianus Gallus 



AVTOK K rOV I BTPe BTAAAOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Trebonianus Gallus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



COLLAOD METRO POAEOS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche, draped and turreted, standing 1., 
leaning with r. on rudder, and holding 
on extended 1. two small figures 1 • in 
field, A € 



PALTOS — EAPHANEA 



209 



No. 



Weighi' 



Met At 
Size 



3 

4 1 



M 1 



^ 1 



AH 1 
M 1 



M 1-05 



M -96 



Obverse 



Revekse 



PALTOS 

Imperial Coinage 

The coins of Pallos seem to be limited to a particular epoch in the reiijn of Septimins 

Secervs* The dale on No. 5 is reclconed from the Era of Arndtts, licgiiriiiiig in the 

autumn 0/259 or 258 B.C. The meaning of the letters on the lii'v. is doiditful. 

Septimius Severus 



Iiisci'. from ]., upwards. Head of Septi- 
mius Severus r., laur. 



inscr. obscure. 

[ ] C€nC€OY HP 

Similar. 



. - cenri C€ - 

- - C€nC€OY 



AVrAOMNA (to 1., upwards) 

Bust of Julia Domna r., draped ; above, 
erCO; beneath, rPHA(?) 



[Plate lxxiv. 20 ] 

TTAATHN ^^^ j.^ downwards) 

Bust of Julia Domna r., draped and 
wearing turreted head-dress, resting 
uponbasis; tol., upwards, €rrPHA(?) 

inscr. obscure. 



[Plate lxxiv. 2 1 .] 



Geta 



Traces of inscr. Bust of Geta r., draped ; 
head bare. 



TTA ATH NO) N .(to v., downwards) 
Similar type; tol., upwards, HPAAA; 
beneath ethnic, HNY[=200a.d.] 

[Plate lxxiv. 22.] 



RAPHANEA 

Imperial Coinage 
Elagabalus 



AVTKMAVP ANTflNINOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



P€<l> A N€n TflN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Jilale figure, naked to waist and turreted, 
standing 1., holding patera in r. and 
cornucopiae in 1.; in field, to 1. and to 
r., eagle with open wings ; in front, a 
bull 1. 

[Cf. n.M.C, Pl. XXXI. 13.] 



* See Itnhoof-Blntner, Zur griecUschen Miinzkunde, p. 43. 



E E 



VOL. 111. 



ilO 



SELEUCIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



RHOSUS 

The Era of Ehosus begins in the year 39 B.C., when Veiitidius Bassus 
drove the PurtMans out of Syria and Cilicia.* 

Early Imperial Times 



Shield, in centre of which a bull (?) 
advancing r. 



49 



M -7 



(to r., downwards) 
(to 1., downwards) 



[PjnZEHN 

[TjHZIEPAZ 

KAIAZYAOY 

(?) 
Draped male figure standing to front 

upon a basis which is fl.anked by the ■ 
foreparts of two bulls reclining I. and 
r. ; the figure holds in r. a thunder- 
bolt, and in 1. a harpa ; in field, above 
each arm, star ; beneath basis, f5] 



[Plate lxxiv. 23.] 



28-5 



M b 



Head of Tyche 1., turreted ; in front, 
upwards, ETOHA\P [ = 109 A.D.] 



pncE 

Between lines of iuscr. 



harpa. 



[Plate lxxiv. 24.] 



Iiiqi('ri(d Coinage 



Caracalla 



AYTKMAYPCeOY ANTHNINO 

NC€ (from 1., upwai'ds) 

Head of Caracalla r., laur. 



M -9 



P W C€ W N (on 1 . , upwards) 
Bust (of Selene F) r., draped, resting 
ujDon crescent with horns upwards ; hair 
rolled ; to r., downwards, 6TOYC 
SNC [=217 A.D.] 



after date, A(?) 
[Plate lxxiv. 25.] 

See Joitrnal Intern., vi. (1903), pp. 47 f. 



RHOSUS — SELEUCIA PIERIA 



211 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



199 



M 1 



115 



JE -85 



SELEUCIA PIEKIA 

The coin-types of this city relate chiefly to the worship of Zeus Keramdos, 
whose symbol was the thunderbolt, and of Zeus Kasios, possibly 
tioo different aspects of one and the same divinity* 

Second and First Centuries B.C. 

The first two issues of bronze have the legend in its simplest form. ; they are 
represented here by three and by two denominations respectively. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



55-5 



/E -6 



122-5 



88 



M -9 



M -75 



Similar. 



ZEAEYKEflN (above) 

Thunderbolt, with, large wing.'!, 1. ; 
beneath, to 1., monogram within circle ; 
border of dots. 



[i.Jf.a, Pl. xxxir. 4.] 



pa 

Similar. 



ZEAEY (above) 
KEHN (beneath) 
Similar. 



[PLiTB Lxxrv. 26.] 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



ZEAEYKEHN (above) 

Thunderbolt, without wings ; in field 
beneath, monogram in circle; border of 
dots. 

j^ (?) ; above, A 

PP ; nothing above. 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxxii. 3.] 



* See Wroth, in B.M.G., pp. Ixxi. ff. 



E E 



212 



SELBUCIS AND PIERIA 



Xu. 



9 
10 



11 



12 
13 



Weight 



1-1.5 

127 
116-, 



119 



64-5 



58-5 
GO 



Metal 
Size 



A-] -9 

JE -9 

IE -S 



135 ; Ai -85 



M -8 



M 



M -65 
M 6 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The followirifj group probably covers more than one issue. Two denominations 

are represented. The date on Nos. 8 f. is reckoned from the Seleucid Era. 

The monograms suggest a connection loith the coins struck for the 

Seleucid Tetrapolis (see supra, p. 141). 



Head of Zeufs r., laur. ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



ZEAEYKEilN (,,„„ 

EMniEPIAI (beneath) 

Thunderbolt, with small wings, 1. ; 
above and beneath inscr., letters, mono- 
grams or symbols ; the whole within 
wreath. 

above, (^ and piloi ; beneath, B f^P 

IB.M.C, Pl. xxxii. 5.] 
above, |^_^ and piloi ; beneath, B |YP 

above, P^(?) and piloi ; beneath, 8=3 SZP 

[=146 B.C.] 



Similar ; thunderbolt has no wings. 

above, SZP [=146 B.C.l ; beneath, 
piloi (?) 

above, BY K ; beneath, ?? 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair in long 
ringlets ; at shoulder, bow and qaiver ; 
border of dots. 



(to r., downwards) 



ZEAEYKEIiN 
TUN 

EMTTIEPIAI (to 1., downwards) 

Tripod-lebes, with holmos ; the whole 
within wreath. 



[Plate lxxiv. 27.] 



Similar. 



(to r., downwards) 



ZEAEYKEHN 
THN 

EMTTI EPI A I (to 1., downww'ds) 

Similar type ; no holmos ; above and 
beneath inscr., letters, monograms, or 
symbols ; the whole within wreath. 

above, |^ and piloi ; beneath, B (S^* 

as preceding (?) ; details obscure. 



SELEUCIA PIERIA 



213 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



14 



15 



140-5 



122-5 



M -85 



JE -75 



16 



227 



17 

18 
19 



226-3 

222-9 
217-1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Al 1-25 



JR 1-2 

M 1-15 
M 1-15 



The city was freed from the control of the Syrian Kings circa 108 B.C. 
The change in the form of the inscription may date from that time. 



Head of Zeus r., laar. ; border of dots. 



ZEAEVKEHN ,.. 
THZI EPAZ ^^^°^''> 

aOVoNoMEoV] (^^^^^^^) 

Thunderbolt, with wings, 1. ; above 
inscr., piloi; beneath inscr., and in field 
r., letters ; the whole within wreath. 



E(?) and IZI 
[Plate lxxiv. 28.] 

I M and A ; to 1. of piloi, Zi 



Soon after the town obtained its autonomy, silver began to be issued. The 

dates on Nos. 16 fi. are reckoned from the year in which the grant 

of autonomy was made. The representation of the thunderbolt 

as a cultus-object is notable. 



Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard (debased) 

Te t radr achms 



Bust of the Tyohe of Seleucia r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; she wears a neck- 
lace, and an earring which has the form 
of a pendant bunch of grapes ; bead and 
reel border. 



(above) 



ZEAEVKEGN 
THZIEPAZ 

A,,-,-!$f^L4^»/ (beneath) 

AVToNoMoV ^ ' 

Thunderbolt, filleted, resting on a 
cushion, which is laid upon a stool ; 
beneath stool, date; in field r., letter; 
the whole within wreath. 



Similar ; earring of simple form 



(no necklace visible) 



5" [=102 B.C.]; A 
[Plate lxxiv. 29.] 

Similar ; type slightly varied. 

Al [=97 B.C.]; r 
[B.3I.G., Pl. xxxii. 8.] 

Bl [=96 B.C.] ; e 

5-1 [=92 B.C.]; M 



214 



SELEUCIS AND PIERTA 



No. 



20 



21 
22 



23 



24 



25 
2G 



Weight 



27-3 



113 
112 



128 



91 



L06-5 
108 



Metai, 
Size 



M -6 



M -75 
M -8 



m -s 



M -8 



M -85 
M -85 



Orverse 



Eeverse 



Hemidrac hm 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



ZEAEV KEHN (to r., downwards) 
THZ (to 1., down- 

AVTO NO[MoV] wards) 

Mke advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm ; above inscr., date ; the whole 
within wreath (?). 



n [=95b.c.] 
(No. 20 is pierced.) 

[Plate lx.xiv. 30.] 



Bronze 



Type similar to No. 17. 

border of dots. 

bead and reel border. 



Similar to No. 17 ; but with additional 
letter in field 1. 

AA [=74 B.C.] ; to r. ; Z to 1. 

BS [=16 B.C.] ; H tor. ; Z to 1. 



Early Impericd Times 



Similar type ; bead and reel border. 



I€ PACYA AYTONOMOY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of the Tyche of Seleucia r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted. 



Similar. 

Pn [=72a.D.] ; H tor. ; A to 1. 



C€A€YK€ , , , 

[n]€l€PIAC (beneath) 

Thunderbolt, filleted, resting on a 
cushion which is placed upon a stool ; 
beneath stool, letter ; bead and reel 
border. 



[Plate lxxiv. 31.] 
Nos. 25 ff. are possibly dated according to the Era of Actium* 



ETTIKDMDAnY HHP [= 157 a.d.] 
(from r., downwards) 
Similar type ; behind neck, palm ; bead 
and reel border. 



CEAEYKEIU , , , 
NTHQIEPAC (^^°''®) 
KAIAYTDND 
MDY 

Similar type ; no letter ; bead and reel 
border. 



* See Eckhel, D.N.V., iii., pp. 327 f. The evidence, however, is not quite satisfactory. 



SELEUCIA PIERIA 



215 



Xo. 



Weight 



27 ; 91 



23 



Metal 
Size 



M -8 



89-5 ^ -9 



29 



M 1 



30 



M l-l 



Obverse 



Similar; but type 1., and inscr. from 1. 
upwards. 



Keveese 



Similar. 



The date of the following is doubtful, but style and weight 
point to its being very late. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; bead and reel 
border. 



ZEAEVKEnN[TH]ZIEPAZKAIA 

[VTONO] MOV (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of the Tyclie of Seleucia r., draped, 

veiled, and turreted ; she wears earring 

and necklace ; behind neck, palm, above 



B 



which, PA ; in front, j- 



IvHJefial Coinage 

Augustus 

The following is also dated according to the Era of Seleucia. It was 
prohablij once plated, to pass current as a siher tetradrachm. 



KAIZAPOZZE 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Augustus r., laur. ; bead and 
reel border. 



(above) 



SEAEYKEflN 
THZIEPAZ 

AYTONOMOY (^^°^^*^) 

Thunderbolt, filleted, and resting on a 
cushion, which is placed upon a stool ; 
beneath, date ; in field, A and I'l ; 
the whole in wreath. 

lAP [=6a.d.] 



Tiberius 
No. 30 is dated according to the Artian Era. For the magistrate see Aktioch, Xo. 66 ff. 



ZEBAZTOXZEBAZTOV - - 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Tiberius r., bare. 



Enizi 

AANOV 
ZEAEV 
KEI2N 

Above, regnal year ; beneath, date ; the 
whole within plain circle, which is en- 
closed by laurel- wreath. 

r ZM [=16a.d.] 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXXIII. 1.] 



216 



SELEUOIS AND PIERIA 



No. 



31 



32 



33 

34 
35 
36 
37 



38 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



M 1 



Obverse 



Keverse 



M -95 
M 1 
JE 1 
M 1-05 
.'E -95 



M 1 



Trajan 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Trajan 
r., laur. 



KAIN€PTPAIANOCAPICT 

C€Br€P 



Similar. 



^95 N6PTPA 

AK 



Similar. 



C€Br€PA\A 



PKAICNePTPAIANOCAPIC 

TC€Br€PAAAAK 

AYTOKPKAICN€ PTPAIANOCA 
PIC 

TPAIANOCAPICTC€Br€P 

AAAAK 

AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCA 
PICTC€Br€PMAAK 

NOCAPICTC€Br€PA\AAK 



Similar. 

KAICN6PTPAIANOCAPICT 

C€Br€P/v\AAK 



ni€PIAC (beneath) 

Thunderbolt, filleted, and resting upon 
cushion which is placed upon a stool ; 
beneath stool, numeral letter ; bead and 
reel border. 



[Cf. BJI.a, Pl. xxxiii. 2.] 



C€A€YK€QN (above) 
ni€PIAC (beneath) 
Similar. 



C€A€YK€ajN HiePIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Shrine, composed of a pyramidal roof 
supported by four pillars ; within, the 
sacred stone of Zeus Kasios, filleted ; 
on highest point of roof, eagle with wings 

open; beneath shrine, i^a^iAV^ ; iii 
K Ad L/C 

field r., numeral letter; bead and reel 

border. 



B 



C€A€YK€WN n6l€PIAC Similar. 
r (K€W Nn€) 



SELEUCIA PIERIA 



217 



No. 



39 



40 



Weight 



41 



42 



43 



44 



45 



Metal [ 
Size 



I iE 1 



JE 1-05 



M -85 



M -7 



JE -7 



M -9 



M -9 



Obverse 



TPAIANOCAPICT 



AYTOKPKAIN€PTPAIANOCAPI 
CTC€B 



Similar. 

TPAIANOCAPICTCeB 



Beverse 



[Plate lxxiv. 32.] 



Commodus 



AVTKMAV KOMMOAOC 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Comniodus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentnm. 



AVTAN KOMOAON 

(from 1., upwar 
Similar type. 



C6A€YK€CJ Nni€PIAC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of the Tyche of Seleucia r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted. 

[Plate lxxiv. 83.] 



C€A€ VK€W M (from 1., upwards) 
■Shrine, with, stone of Zeus Kasios, and 
eagle, as on Nos. 33 f£. 



Septimius Severus 



AVTOK6AOV 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Septimius Severus r., laur. 



C€AeV K€a)Nni€PI ACS€ vc 

(from 1., upwards) 
Thunderbolt, filleted and resting on a 
cushion, which is placed upon a stool. 



Caracalla 



AVTOKK€ ANTWNINOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of youthful Cai'acalla r., laur.. 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



C€A €VK€WN ni€PI AC 

Similar. 



218 



COELE-SYEIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



126v 



jE 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Coele-Syria 



DAMASCUS 



For an Alexandrine tetradrachm strnclc at Damascus, see Vol. I., p. 313, No. 165. 

One or two of the later Seleucid Icings may have minted at this city {see supra, 

p. 115, footnote). Coin>< were also issued here hy the Naltathaean Mag, Aretas 

III. (q.v.). The dales on the folio id in g are reckoned from the Seleucid Era. 



First Century 



B.C. 



Bust of Cleopatra r., draped, vs'earing dia- 
dem, earring, and necklace ; border of 
dots. 



AAMAZKHN . . (to r., downwards) 
Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. on 
rock, extending r. hand and holding 
cornucopiae in 1. ; in front, ear of corn 
growing out of the ground; beneath 
feet of Tjche, river-god swimming ; to 
]., upwards, SOS [=36 B.C.]; all 
within wreath. 



138 



M -0.^ 



M -95 



[Plate lxxv. 1.] 



Head of Tyche 
dots. 



r., turreted ; border of 



(to r., downwai'ds) 



AAMAZKH 

NX2N 

Tyche, draped and turreted, standing 
to front, head ]., holding rudder and 
cornucopiae; in field 1., Z(?)T [=5 
B.C. ?] ; all within wreath. 



Imperial Times 
Under Nero 



Head of Nero r., laiir. ; in front, lituus. 



Young head (of Dionysos ?) r. 



M '6 



AfKt^fK CKH NnNZOT[=66A.D.] 
(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. 
on rock, extending her r. hand and hold- 
ing in 1. a cornucopiae ; beneath hei' 
feet, river-god swimming. 

{B.M.C, PL. XXXIV. 7.] 



AAA\ACKH (on r., downwards) 
Two thyrsoi crossed ; on 1. upwards, 
ZOT [=66.i.D.] 



[Plate lxxv. 2.] 



DAMASCUS 



219 



No. 



Weight 



11 ETAL 

Size 



Obverse 



Revfese 



Antoninus Pius 



^ -9 



jE 1 



i / 



JE 1-2 



.'E 1-1 



.E 1 



TAIAAAPIA ANTWNGINO 

[ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentuni. 



AAMACKHNWN [M]HTPOnOA 

€(jOC (from r., downwards) 

Tyche, draped and tnrreted, seated 1. on 
rock, holding doubtful object in extended 
r. and cornucopiae in 1. ; beneath her 
feet, river-god swimming. 



L. Verus (?) 



Traces of inscr. Bust of L. Verus (?) r,, 
laur., wearing cuirass and paludamen- 
tum. 



AAMACKHN WNMHTPOnOA 

€WC (from 1., upwards) 

Tetaastj'le shrine, with arched roof ; 
within, bust of Tyche 1., draped and 
turreted. 



Colonial Coiitcujc 



Philippus Senior 



IMP MIVL PHILIPPVS PF A 

VG (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Philippus Senior r., radiate, 
wearing cuii-ass and paludamentum. 



IMPMIVL PHILIPPVS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum. 



DA MASUO- METROPO 

Tyche, draped and tun-eted, seated 1. on 
rock, holding doubtful object in extended 
r. and cornucopiae in 1. ; beneath her 
feet, river-god swimming ; above r. arm, 
ram running 1., with head turned back ; 
in front, statue of Marsyas 1., wit.h r. 
hand raised and wine-skin over 1. 
shoulder. 

[Plate lxxv. 3.] 

COLAAMA[ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tetrastyle shrine, which is placed upon 
basis ornamented with wi-eath ; within, 
bust of Tyche 1., draped and turreted. 



Volusianus 



IMPGALLOVOLOSSIANO 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Volusianus r., laur.; palu- 
damentum over shoulder. 



COLAA MAMETR 

(fi'oni 1., upwards) 
Doe standing r., suckling child 1. ; in 
ex., head of ram r. 

V i- 2 



220 



COELE- SYRIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



.E -95 



/E -8 



3 

4 



191-1 
214-2 



^ 1 



Bill, 1-05 
Bill. 1 



Oeveese 



Reveese 



IMPGALLOVOLOSSIANOAVG 

(from. 1., upwards) 
Bust of Yolusianus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



COLAAMA SM[ETRO] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Agonistic urn (or head-dress ?) with two 
apertures, in the upper of which is in- 
serted a palm ; across it, pc r a P M I A ' 
beneath, | € and head of ram r. 

[B.M.C, Pl. XXXV. 8.] 



HELIOPOLIS 

Imperial Coiiiuije 
Commodus 



KOA\ ANT-- (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Commodus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Lj p I {^^ centre) 

Two military eagles, face to face; the 
whole within a wreath of laurel. 



Septimius Severus 



IA\PLSE PERTA - - 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



COL HEL (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of the Tyohe of Heliopolis 1., 
draped, veiled, and turreted ; behind, 
palm-branch and cornucopiae. 



Ill the Third Ceitfnri/ A.D. Heliopolis was for a short time 
an imperial mint* 

Caracalla 

Billon 

Tetr a drachms 



Inscr. from ]., upwards. Head of Cara- 
calla r., laur. 



AVTKA\ AN TWN€INOCC € 
--]TKA\A- ANTQNC ] 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Eagle, with 
wings open, standing to front, head 1., 
holding wreath in its beak; between 
eagle's legs, draped bust of Helios 1., 
radiate. 

AH M A PX€2: VHATOCTO A 
[AHM] APX€ZVnATOCTOA 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXXVI. 5.] 



* See Imhoof-Blumer, Griecli. Mimzen, p. 767, and of. supra, p. 172, footnote. 



DAMASCUS —HBLIOPOLIS 



221 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



182-2 



Bill. 1 



JE 1-1 



Macrinus 

Billon 
T e t r a d r a c h m 



AYTKMonC€ AAAKP6INoCC€ 

(frona 1., upwards) 
Head of Macrinus r., laur. 



A H M A px€i vnATOcnn 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar. 



Colonial Coinage 
Philippus Senior 



IMPCAESMIVLPHILIPP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum. 



COLHEL (above) 

Propylaeum of the temple of Jupiter 
Heliopolitanus ; a flight of steps, flanked 
on either side by a pedestal, leads up to 
a portico, consisting of twelve columns 
and flanked on either side by a tower ; 
in the centre of the portico is an arched 
space contaicing a cypress-tree, and 
having a pediment rising above it ; on 
the apex of the pediment, a patera ; 
above pediment, IO MH ; in ex., 
doubtful symbols (?). 

[Cf. B.M.a, Pl. XXXVI. 6.] 



Valerianus Senior 



JE 1-05 



IMPCAESPLICVALERIANVSPF 

AVG (from ]., upwards) 

Bust of Valerianus Senior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



COLIVLAVGFELHEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
Agonistic urn (or head-dress ?), contain- 
ing two palm-branches, and flanked by 
two similar objects, each containing one 
palm-branch; in ex., CERT-SACR 
CAP OECV- 
ISE HEL- 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxxvi. 8.] 



Gallienus 



IMPCAESPLICGALLIENVSAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gallienus r., laur., wearing 
cairass and paludamentum. 



^ -9 



COL IVL AVG FEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
HEL (beneath) 

Two cornuacojjiae crossed ; between 
them, a winged caduceus. 

[Plate lxxv. 4.] 



222 



COELE - SYRIA— DECAPOLIS 



No. 



Weight 



Metai 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



M 1-15 



LAODICEA AD LIBANUM 

Imperial Coinage 
Septimius Severus 



AVTKAC€n CeOVHPOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



[AAOAIK?]n POC AIBANGJ 

(from 1., upwards) 
The god Men, wearing short chiton and 
Phrygian cap, holding short whip(?) in 
h hand, and with r. leading his horse 
by the bridle 1. ; in ex., A\ H N 

[Plate lxxv. 5.] 



Trachonitis 

CAESAREA PANIAS 
Imperial Coinage 

The Era of Caesarea Paiiias ronniiences in ?> B.C. Vwle.v the name of Neronias 
it was a mint of Agrippa II. (q.v.). 



Commodus 



AVTKAAAV ANTWKOAA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Commodus r., laur. 



M -95 



M 1 



KAI CeBI€P. ACY THP nAN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Pan, naked, standing to front, head r., 
legs crossed, leaning against the trunk 
of a tree, and holding in his raised 
hands his flute, on which he is about to 
play; infield, PH A [= 188 a.d,] 

[Plate lxxv. 6.] 



Decapolis 

ANTIOCHIA AD HIPPUM 

Imperial Coinage 
This coin is dated according to the Pompeian Era, heginning in 64 B.C. 

M. Aurelius 



AVTKAICM[A] AVPANTWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



ANTIOXnPin l€PACVAO 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche of the City, draped and turreted, 
holding cornucopiae in 1. and with r. 
leading horse by the bridle 1. ; in ex , 
GKC [=166 A.D.]. 

[Cf. BM.a, Pl. xxxvin. 1.] 



UNCERTAIN OF SYRIA 



223 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



1 219-2 



Bill. 11 



174-3 Bill. 1-1 



221 



Bill. 1-1 



65 



44-5 



^ -7 



IE -6 



OSViSKSE 



Reverse 



UNCERTAIN OP SYRIA (OR PHOENICIA) 

Billon 

T e t r a d r a c h. m s 

On tetraclrachms such as the following, see supra, p. 172, footnote. No. 1 may 
possibly belong to Gabala. 



Caracalla 



AYTKAIAN TWNINOCC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Caracalla r., laur. 



AHMAP€Z YH OA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, with wings 
open and head 1., holding a wreath in 
its beak ; between eagle's legs, forepart 
of galley 1. 



Macrinas 



AV KMOnC ]AAAKP€INOC 

C€ (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Macrinus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



AVKMOn€A C€/v\AKP€INOC 

C6 (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type ; style markedly different. 



AHMAPX€2VnAT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; head r. ; between eagle's 
legs, altar (?). 



AHA\APX[ inATOA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar ; between eagle's legs, doubtful 
symbol. 



[Plate lxxv. 7.] 



Bronze 



No. 4 is dated according to the Seleucid Era, No. 5 in all probability 
according to the Caesarian. 



Head of Artemis r., wearing earring ; at 
her shoulder, bow and quiver ; border 
of dots. 



Nike, advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm; tor., downwards, LMZ [=72 
B.C.] 



[Plate lxxv. 8.] 



Bust of Tyche r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; border of dots. 



Similar type r. ; in field r. , beneath, traces 
of letters ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxv. 9.] 



224 



uncertain- 



No. 



Weight 



10 



44 

25-6 
25 



27-5 



]3 



Metal 
Size 



^ '5 

M -5 
JE -55 



M -55 



JE -4 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Chalkoi 



Bust (of Artemis ?) r. ; border of dots. 



Bow in case, and quiver ; around, legend, 
from r. downwards ; border of dots. 



XAAKOYZ AlP [=62a.d. ?] 

[Platb lxxv. 10.] 

XAA KOYZ 

XAA KOYZ (from r., upwards) 



The following lias been aasigned by some to Agrippa II., but the grounds for 
the attribution are of the slenderest* 



Anchor, with ring at the top; in field, 
above, ET ^ K ; border of dots. 



XAAKOYZ • arranged round a central 
pellet ; border of dots. 



No. 10 is probably a rerij late coin of Antioch, not earlier than 
the Third Century A.D. 



Bust of Artemis r. ; border of dots. 



Lyre (chelys) ; aronnd, traces of date (?); 
above, A ; border of dots. 



* See Madden, Coins of the Jen's (1881), p. 146. Against the attribution might be urged 
the shape of the anchor and the fabric of the coin, neither of which is characteristically 
Jewish. • 



AEADUS 



225 




Weisht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Kkvekse 



161-5 
163-8 



52-7 



45-4 



M -75 
M -8 



PHOENICIA* 

ARADUS 

Before circa 332 B.C. 

Before tie conquest of Alexander the Great, Aradus loas ruled hy a Phoenician 

dynasty.-f It employed the Persic standard, possibly to facilitate commerce 

loith Cyprus. Nos. 3 and 4 are probably the oldest of the following group, 

Nos. 5 and 6 the latest. X 

SiLVEK 

Persic Standard 
Staters 



Head of Melkarth r., wreathed; tlie hair 
and beard are curled and the latter is 
brought to a point in front ; no border 
visible. 



M -55 



JR -6 



i^W (above) Galley, with rowers and 
steersman, moving r. on waves ; at the 
stern is the styhs with aplustre, while 
a male figure § stands on the prow ; 
to 1. of iiiscr., single letter; the whole 
within slight incuse, on the upper side 
of which is visible a row of dots. 



'^ galley has ten rowers. 
O galley has eight rowers. 
[Plate lxxv. 11.] 

Tet rebels 



Similar head r. ; whole eye represented, 
as if seen from the front; border of 
dots. 



Similar ; border less prominent. 



J^Y (above) Galley with rowers and 
steersman, moving r. on waves ; all 
within incuse, on the upper side of 
which is visible a row of dots. 



Similar ; but galley has a well-defined 
' eye ' in front. 



[Plate lxxv. 12.] 



* In cataloguing the coins of Phoenicia, much help has been derived from Dr. Jules 
Eouvier's useful series of articles in the Journ. Intern., iii. ff. 

t See Strabo, § 753, -where a good description of the site of Aradus will be found. 

+ See Dr. J. P. Six, in Num. Chron., 1877, pp. 182 ff., and Rouvier in Journ. Intern., iii., 
pp.\28ff. 

§ The naToiftoSj characteristic of Phoenician ships : see Hdt., an. 37. 

G G 



226 



PHOEXICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



46-5 
43-1 



M -55 
M -6 



11-9 



A\ -35 



59 



^■E -65 
/E -7 



10 



29-7 



^l -5 



Obvekse 



i^y (in field above) Dagon, swim- 

ming, head, r., with beard and long 
curls ; the upper part of his body is 
human, while the lower part, which 
curls away 1., has the form of a fish ; 
his hands are raised, and in each he 
holds a dolphin by the tail ; border 
obscure. 



Revebse 



Galley with rowers r. ; beneath, sea-horse 
r. ; all within shallow incuse, which 
is iDounded by a row of dots. 



dots visible on r. side only. 



[Plate lxxv. 13.] 



Ob ol 



Head of Melkarth r., wreathed, as on 
Nos. 1 fi'. ; border of dots. 



)^'y (above) Galley with rowers, 

moving r. on waves ; all within very 
slight incuse, on the upper side of 
which is visible a row of dots, 



drra 300—2.39 B.C. 

Tlie incovporaiion of Ai-(iihis in the Empire of Alexander led to the adoption 
of tlie Euhoic-Attic standard for silrcr. At first the silver currency appears 
to have consisted eut/rch/ of Alexandrine tetradrachms and drachms {see 
Vol. I., pp. 313 and 324, Nos. 166 f£. and 263 f.). It is possible that 
Antiochiis I. and some of his snccasors may have strnclc tetradrachms at 
this mint.* The following belong to the early Seleiicid period. 



Bko^ze 



Head of young Herakles r., wearing lion's 
skin ; border of dots. 



Prow 1. ; on front of it stands Athena, 
helmeted, 1., in attitude of attack ; 
above, anchor 1. ; border of dots. 



Circa 259—243 B.C. 

The era of Aradiis dates from 259 B.C., in loliicli year the city apparently secured 

its autonomy. It is p>robable that Alexaiidriiic types were still used for the larger 

denominations of silrer. At first the coins were undated. 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard 

Hemidra ch.ni 



Head of Tyche r., wearing turreted head- 
dress ; border of dots. 



/? (above) Prow of vessel 1., with 
'eye ' ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxv. 14.] 

* See Rouvier, Journ. Intern., iii., p. 145 £F, Monograms, however, caunot with certainty 
bo regarded a3 mint-marks. 



ARADUS 



227 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Keveese 



11 ' 



12 



13 



14 



15 



16 
17 



49- 



87 



92 



72 



91 
117 



JE -7 



JE -85 



JE -85 



JE -7 



M -7 



M -lo 
M -75 



m -b 



Beonze 



Head of Tyclie r., turreted ; border of 
dots. 



/? (above) Prow 1. ; on front of it 
stands Athena 1., helnieted, in attitude 
of attack ; border of dots. 



Circa 242—187 B.C. 

Small silver pieces continued to 1)6 issjted (hiring this period, hut tJioy are not 

plentifid. With a general similarity of types, tlie hronxe coins fall into 

loell-marked groups, indicating that the series ivas not continuous. 



Bronze 



Similar. 



Similar; but beside monogram, palm-tree, 
and, beneath pi-ow, Phoenician date. 

palm-tree to 1.; II III III /V[hV] 

[=231 B.C.] ; to r. of prow, i^ 



[Plate lxxv. 15.] 



Similar type ; no border visible. 



palm-tree to r. ; 
[=230 B.C.] 



Ill III lll/VllV 



Similar type; behind Athena, oornucopiae; 
to r. of prow, >^; beneath, date; above. 



. _]III|-/V[ 

[Plate lxxv. 16.] 



Similar ; border of dots. 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar (?) 

||||||||-/VhV [=221 B.C.] 

/^ (above) .Prow 1., rising in a lofty curve ; 
on either side of monogram, \ O ; 
beneath, Phoenician date; border of dots. 

?]lll/V/VhlV [=216 B.C.?] 
WWNNhV [ = 215 B.C.] 

Similar (?). 

|-/V/V/VhV [=188b.c.] 

G G 2 



228 



PHOENICIA 



No. 


Weight 


Metai, 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Circa 184—138 B.C. 








The coin.i most continuously and most abundantly issued during this period were 

the small bronzes represented by Nos. 24 ff. The larger bronzes {Nos. 22 f.) 

seem to have been issued only during the earlier portion of it. About 

170 B.C. drachms loith Ephesian types make their appearance* 








Silver 








Buboi c - Attic Standard 








Drachms 


19 


62-4 


M -75 


Bee; in field above, to 1., date; and to r., 
monogram or letter ; border of dots. 

(i\ [=168b.c.] P£ 

(No. 19 is 


APAAII2N (to r., downwards) 

Stag standing r. ; in the background, a 

palm-tree. 

pierced.) 








[Plate lxxt. 17.] 


20 


61-5 


.R -65 


PB [=157 B.C.] ]Sj 




21 


50-8 


Al -65 


g [=153 B.C.] Z 

(No. 21 is 


pierced.) 








Beokze 








Bnst of Tyche r., draped and turreted ; 
palm-branch behind shoulder ; border 
of dots. 


Prow 1. ; on front part of it, Athena ]., in 
attitude of attack ; on the side, Poseidon 
seated to front, leaning with 1. on sceptre, 
and holding with r. a wreath over the 
head of Athena; beneath, Phoenician 
date. 


22 


104-5 


M -8 




II IIINNNMhX/ [=174 B.C.] 


23 


120 


^ -8 


Head of Poseidon, diademed, r. ; border of 
dots. 


-f^NNNtW [= 169 B.C.] ; in field 
above, uncertain letter or letters. 

Prow 1. ; beneath, Phoenician date ; above, 
Phoenician letters f; border of dots. 


24 


53-5 


M -6 




ll|-/V/V/V/Vt\V [=166 B.C.]; letters 
obscure. 


25 


56-5 


JK ■& 




lll|-/V/V/V/VhV [=165 B.C.]. 'T.^ 


26 


54 


M '6 




Ill l!|-A/A'A/A/f\V[=163B.G.]; ).J^ 








[Plate lxxv. 18.] 








* For a remarkable tetradrachm struck in 173 e.g., see Babelon, Les Perses AcJteminides, 
&a., Plate xxiii. 14. 








t As it would be impossible to reprodn 
found on the coins, these letters are here rej 


ce accurately the varieties of forms that are 
)resented by the conventional signs. 



ARADUS 



229 



No. 



Weight 



27 

28 

29 

30 

31 

32 

33 

34 

35 

36 

37 

38 

39 

40 

41 

42 

43 

44 

45 

46 

47 

48 



64-5 

44 

63-5 

56-5 

51-5 

55-5 

60-5 

62-5 

53 

69 

61 

69 

49 

48 

45 '5 

55 

46 

52-5 

44 

58-5 

63 

54-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -7 
M -6 
J& -6 
M -65 
M -6 
M -65 
M -65 
M -65 
M -7 
M -6 
M -65 
M -7 
M -6 
M -7 
M -6 
iE -65 
M -7 
M -G 
M -65 
M -6 
M -7 
M -6 



Obverse 



Reverse 



III ll|-/VA'/V/VhV [ = 163b.c.]; ^o 

llhlhV [=157 B.C.]; ')['!) K 

same date ; A h 

as preceding. 

nil hltlV [=155b.c.]: A) 

IllllllinhX/ [=151 B.C.]*; 'yo(?) 

IllllllllhlhX/ [=150 B.C.]; yy 

same date ; y ^ 

as preceding. 

-^^V [=149 B.C.]; A) 

same date ; '^\ 

as preceding. 

as preceding. 

as preceding. 

l-rihV [=148 B.C.]; iK^ 

same date ; ^ '^ 

as preceding. 

same date ; same letters (?). 

II- rihV [=147 B.C.]; A) 

same date ; ^ ^\ (?) 

Ill-hlhlX/ [=146 B.C.]; ^;e'(?) 

same date ; ^^ 



* The date is not quite certain. 



230 



PHOENICIA 



No. 

49 

50 

51 

52 

53 

54 

65 

56 

57 

58 

59 

60 

61 

62 

63 

64 

65 

66 



Weight 



G7 



61 

53-5 

55-5 

66-5 

61-5 

53 

63-5 

47-5 

61-5 

46-5 

66 

53 

61-6 

42 

52 

52-5 

64-6 

55-5 



28 



MetaTj 
Size 



JE -6 
M -6 
M -6 
M -6 
M -65 
M -7 
M •G5 
M -65 
M -6 
M -65 
M -55 
M -66 
iE -6 
M -6 
ZE -6 
^ -6 
M -65 
^ -75 



M -55 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Head of Tyclie r., wearing turreted head- 
dress ; over shoulder, palm ; border of 
dots. 



same date ; *i^ 

same date ; letters doabtfnl. 

iiii-rihv [=]46b.c.]; )if 

as preceding. 



>) )? 



llll|-nhV [=144 B.C.] ; );^ 
as preceding. 

iiiiii-nhv [=.143 B.C.] ; );^ 

same date ; . . )i<^ 
same date ; j^O 

I III Ill-l'lhlV [=142b,c.]; )0 
as preceding. 

II Illllll-ritW [=140 B.C.] ; )i^ 

Nr\\\SJ [=139 B.C.]; j,^ 

doubtful date (95 ?) ; a^O 
doubtful date (116 ?) ; ^^ 
date and letters illegible. 



Aplustrer.; beneath, date; above, Phoeni- 
cian lettei's. 



Illl-nhV [=145 B.C.]; ^Y 



ARADUS 



231 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



68 

69 

70 

71 



72 



221--1 

223-6 
224-3 

232-8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



5G-7 



73 



124 



M 1-2 

M 1-2 
M 1-1 

M 1-1 



Circa 136—111 B.C. 

Soon after the middle of the Second Century B.C. Aradiis succeeded in finally 

overthrowing the power of its rioul Maratlms. The resulting increase in prosperity 

is shown ly the abundant issue of tetradrachns which now commenced. 

The bronze coinage is represented here by two denominations. 

Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard (Reduced) 

Te tr adrachms 



M -75 



M -8 



Bust of Tyclie r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; border of dots. 



APAAIflN (to r., down-wards) 

Wiuged Nike advancing 1., holding- 
aplustre in r. and palm in 1. ; in field 
1., date, beneath -wbich, single Phoe- 
nician letter above t-wo Greek letters ; 
the vs^hole -within a laurel- wreath. 



HKP [=:13lB.c.] ; y AN 
[Plate lxxv. 19.] 

AAP [=128 B.C.] ; ^ ON 

GAP [=120 B.C.]; '>^ eC 

(Nos. 6H, 69 and 70 are all pierced.) 

MP [=119 B.C.] ; ^ €N 

D raclini 



Bee ; in field above, to 1., date, and, to r., 
tv^fo letters ; border of dots. 



BAP [=]27c.c.]; €N 



APAAIHN (to r., do-wnwards) 

Stag standing r. ; in the background, a 
palm-tree ; beneath stag, Phoenician 
letter. 



\ 



Bronze 



The types of the higher denomination are identical with those found in the 
preceding period. The Obo. type of the lower is new.* 



Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted ; 
over 1. shoulder, palm ; border of 
dots. 



Prow 1. ; on front part of it, Athena 1. in 
attitude of attack ; on the side, Poseidon 
seated to front, leaning with 1. on sceptre, 
and holding with r. a wreath over the 
head of Athena ; beneath, date ; in field 
above, two Phoenician letters ; beneath 
date, a third. 



?]iii/vri[|iv] 

^ [V] 

[Plate lxxv. 20.] 



[= 134 B.C. ?] ; ) 



* For a third denomination, see Babelon, Les Perses AoUmhtkles, PI. xxiii. 21. 



232 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revekse 



74 
75 

76 

77 



78 
79 
80 

81 

82 



£4 



110-5 
103-5 

111 
110-5 



49 
57-5 
44-5 

44 
54-5 



227-1 



M -8 

JE -8 

M -9 

M -8 



M -76 

M -65 

^ -6 

^ -65 

M -65 



/R 1-1 



Heads j-agate r. of Poseidon laur., and of 
Amphitrite, wearing stejDliane ; border 
of dots. 



Illllll/VhIhV [ = 132 B.C.]; ) [?] A 
llllllll/Vhl[hV] [=131 E.G.]; j, 

[?] [?] 

-/Vrir\V [=129 B.C.]; > i^ ^ 
as preceding. 



Prow 1. ; on the front part of it, Athena 
1. in attitude of attack ; beneath, date ; 
above, Phoenician letters ; border of dots. 

Ill/VnVhl [=136 B.C.] ; )0 
as preceding (?) 



(No. 80 is pierced.) 

Illll/VnhX/ [=134 B.C.]; )o 

l|-/VnhlV [=127b.C.]; );^; be- 
neath date, A 
[Plate lxxy. 21.] 

as preceding. 



Circa 111—106 B.C. 

During this period the issue of tetradrachms continues. But there is a change 
loith regard to the bronze coinage, the weight being much reduced. 

Silver 
Euboic- Attic Standard (Reduced) 
Tetra drachm 
Similar to Nos. 68 S. a PA AIHN Sijnilar to Nos. 68 S. 

OMP [=110 B.C.] ; IK BC 

(No. 84 is pierced.) 



ARADUS 



233 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Stze 



Obverse 



Keveese 



85 
86 



87 
88 
89 
90 
91 
92 
93 

94 

95 



53-5 



73-5 



231-4 
224-4 
224-5 
221-2 
229-2 
232-9 
221-4 

229 
226-6 



^ -7 



M -7 



Bronze 



Head of Tyche r., turreted ; behind, palm; 
border of dots. 



(much "worn) 



M 1-2 

M 1-15 

M 1-2 

M 1-15 

M 1-1 

M 1-1 

JR 1-05 

M 1-05 

M 11 



Prow 1., -with Athena standing and Posei- 
don seated, as on Nos. 73 if. ; beneath, 
date ; behind Poseidon, A ; beneath 
date, f^f>nyy (?) 



I III Ill/V/VhIhX/ [=112 B.C.] 

date partially, and letters wholly, oif coin. 
[Plate lxxv. 22.] 



Circa 106—30 B.C. 



The issue of tetradrachms contiimed down to at least 46 B.C., smaller 

denominations of silver being also sfruclc from time to time. The types 

of Nos. 96 ?L. appear on the bronze for the first time about 93 B.C. 



Silver 

Euboic-Attic Standard (Reduced) 

Tetradrachms 

Similar to No. 84. 



Similar to Nos. 68 S 



BZP [=97 B.C.] ; J^' ON 

HZP [=91 B.C.]; A AC 

0ZP [=90 B.C.] ; <\ OC 
AOP [=88 B.C.] ; 7) MZ 

AOP [=88 B.C.] ; A MZ 

BOP [=87 B.C.] ; ^ MZ 

rOP [=86 B.C.] ; ^ MZ 

(Nos. 88, 90 and 93 are pierced, and No. 91 is double-Btruok.) 

- HOP [=8lB.C.]; ^ MZ 
[Plate lxxv. 23.] 

I znP [=72 B.C.] ; ^ AZ 



H H 



234 



PHOENICIA 



No. 


Weight 


96 


68 


97 


101-5 


98 


98-5 


99 


75 


100 


101-5 


101 


107-5 


102 


118-5 



103 



118 



104 152 



Metal 
Size 



M -75 

M -8 

M -85 

M -8 



'M -9 



M -9 



Obverse 



Revkkse 



BfiONZE 



Female head r., wearing stepliane and 
veil, wliioli falls over her shoulders ; 
border of dots. 



Humped bull running 1. ; beneath, date 
and letters ; above, letters and mono- 
grams. 

POA [=88 B.C.] ; JJ 
[? ?] 



A! 



Similar. 



POA [=85 B.C.] ; ^' H 
['? ?] CN 



PCS' [=83 B.C.] ; KN 

p ^ nc 

[Plate lxxv. 24.] 



pnr [=76 B.C.] ; ee 

ifZ IS] 



Humped bull reclining 1. ; above, A ; 

in ex., date and Phoenician letter ; 
around, traces of ^vreath (?). 



SKO [=30 B.C.] ; y 



Iiiqien'al Times 
Domitian 

Similar head r. ; in front, small head of j APAAION (beneath) 

■n„,„,i.„„ 1 _ Humped bull running 1. ; above, date ; 

in front, Phoenician letter. 



Domitian laur., r. 
countermark, small head r. 



JE -85 
M -85 



M -95 



BNT [=94a.d.] ; IK 

Trajan 

APAAI2N Similar. 
EZT [=107 A.D.] ; 5 
as preceding. 



The year 117 a.d. is noted for the great vnrictij of types then employed. 
For this there was, doiihtlesa, some special local reason. 



Similar ; with Trajan's head in place of 
Domitian's. 



Similar. 



APAAIWN Similar. 
EOT [ = 117 A.D.]; -hi 

(No. 104 is pierced.) 



ARADUS 



235 



No. 



105 



106 



107 



108 



Weight 



122 



105 



76-5 



181-5 



109 



125-5 



Metal 
Size 



JE 1 



M -8 



M -75 



JE 1 



M -9 



Obverse 



[ ] PAIANOCAPICTKAICC€B 

r€PAAK _ - _ (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



Eevbrse 



APAAICON (beneath) ^ 

Poseidon, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
rudder, -whioli he holds with outstretched 
r., while in his 1. is a comucopiae ; in 
field 1., date ; in field r., Phoenician 
letter. 



EOT [ = 117 A.D.]; '^(l) 

(No. 105 is pierced.) 



Bust of Helios r., draped and radiate. 



APAAICON (to ]., downwards) 

Basket, containing two ears of barley 
and a vine-branch with grapes ; above, 
date. 



€OT [=117 A.D.]; no letter visible. 
[Plate lxxv. 25.] 



Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted; 
palm over 1. shoulder. 



Pro w 1. , with Athena standing and Poseidon 
seated, as on Nos. 73 S. ; beneath, date ; 
in field r., letter. 

EOT [=116 A.D.] ; M. 



M. Aurelius and L. Verus 



ANTCaNINOCKAIOVHPOC C€ 
BACTOI (from 1., upwards) 

Busts of M. Aurelius r. and L. Verus 1., 
face to face; each is laur., and wears 
paludamentum. 



Similar. 



much worn. 



APAAIWN (beneath) 

Humped bull running 1. ; above, date ; 
in field r., letter. 



AKY [=163a.d.] ; € 

[Plate lxxv. 26.] 



APAAICON (beneath) 

Poseidon seated I. on rudder, as on No. 
105 ; in field ]., date; no letter visible. 



AKY* [=163a.d.] 



* The A is obscure ; it may be B • 



H H 2 



236 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Bevekse 



BBRYTUS 



Second and First Centuries B.C.* 



For coins of the Seleucid Kings minted at Berytus, see supra, pp. 49 and 96. It is 

not improliable that some of the Ptolemies also struck money there. 

The autonomous issues were not very extensive. 



64-5 



Bronze 



Head of Tyclie r., turreted ; over 1. 
shoulder, palm ; border of dots. 



JE -75 



126-5 



M -75 



(from 1., downwards) 
Poseidon, wearing flat head-dress and 
himation, standing 1. in quadriga of 
hippocamps, holding patera in extended 
r. and trident in 1. ; on back of one of 
the hippocamps, small male figure, 
guiding the team ; in field 1., BH and 
aplustre; in field r., <^ ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxv. 27.] 



Head of Tyche r., veiled and turreted. 



BH PY (in field, above) 

T I I2N (in field, beneath) 

Trident, round which is twisted a dol- 
phin ; in field 1. and r., caps of the 
Dioskouroi. 



26-5 



M -55 



Imperial Times 

Bronze coins were probably struck at Berytus by Cleopatra VII. (a v ) But it was 

not tdl c^rca 15 B.C. that the .,int became an iiportant one. A^'lt time the Z 

was '^d^-;fonia,'with the titles of ^ Julia' Augusta, Feli.,' rJ^^tJZf^:^ 

and vur. legions bemg settled there. In the time of Caracalla it received 

the additional title of ' Antoniniana.' 

Time of Hadrian (?) 



CO L (infield) 

Statue of Marsyas 1., holding r. hand 
raised, and carrying wine-skin over 1. 
shoulder. 



BER (above) 
Prow of galley r. 



See J. Rouvier, Les ^^onnaies autonomes de B^ryte in iJ.u. ^m., 1898, pp. 437 fF. 



BBRYTUS 



237 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Claudius 








TICLAVD CAESAR 

(from 1., downwards) 
Head of Claudius 1., laur. 


Two military standards with eagles, face 
to face ; between them, downwards, V 
VIM 


4 




.E -8 






5 




M -75 


TICLAVD [ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 


Similar. 








Nerva 








Traces of inscr. Head of Nerva r., laur, 


COL- (above) 

AVG- FEL- BER- 

(from r., downwards) 
Founder of colony, head veiled in toga, 
ploughing out the jjriiiM'f/en/MS sulcus 
with team of oxen r. 


6 




M 1-05 




AVG off coin. 


7 




M '95 


Dl (fi'om 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 


Similar. 

FEL illegible. 








Trajan 


8 




M 1 


C ] ANCAES [ ] 

Head of Trajan r., laur. 

IMP- ANOAV GGERDAC 

COSVI - - 

Head of Trajan r., laur. 


Similar. 
FEL off coin. 

^OL ^^^^^^-^ Qyj^ ((.g 1^ upwards) 

FELBER (in ex.) 
Similar type. 


9 




^ -95 












Hadrian 


10 




M -95 


IMPCAESTRAI HADRIANVSAV 

GPP (from 1., upwards) 

I3ust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 


COL Two military eagles, face to face, 

BER with inscr. between them; all 

within laurel- wreath. 



238 



PHOENICIA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reveese 








Similar, vvitliout PR 


Similar. 


n 




M -75 






12 




M -75 












Commodus 


i 

13 




M 11 


Inscr. illegible. Bust of Commodus r., 
laur., wearing cuirass and paludamen- 
tum. 


COL BER (in ex.) 
FEL 

(around, from 1. upwards) 
Tetrastyle temple, approached by a 
narrow flight of steps; within, Astarte, 
draped and turreted, standing to front, 
ber 1. foot resting on a prow ; she leans 
with r. on stylis, and with 1. raises, her 
robe to her 1. knee ; on her 1., a small 
column, surmounted by Nike stretching 
out r. to crown her. 

[Plate lxxv. 28.] 


14 




M -95 


Inscr. from, 1., upwards. Bust of Commo- 
dus r., radiate, wearing cuirass and 
paludamentum. 

COMMODVS ANTONIN 

VS[ ] 


COL BER (in field, beneath) 

Poseidon, naked, standing 1., his r. foot 
resting on a prow ; he holds dolphin in 
r. and leans with 1. on trident ; around, 
from 1. upwards, SEC SAEC 


15 




M -95 


[ ] AVG 










Septiniius Severus and Caracalla 


) 
16 




M 1 


1 MPPCAESS SEVER AN [TAV 

GG] (from 1., upwards) 

Busts of Septimius Severus 1. and Cara- 
calla r., face to face, each laur., and 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 

(No. 16 is do 


Astarte, in tetrastyle temple, crowned by 
Nike, as on No. 1 3 ; patera in pediment 
of temple. 

no inscr. visible, 
uble-struok.) 








Julia Domna 


17 




M -9 


[IVL]AVGPIAFELIC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Domna r., draped. 


• 

COLIV [LAN] TA VGFEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
qaa (in ex.) 
Similar, with pellet iu pediment. 



BERYTUS 



239 



No. 



Weikht 



Metai, 
Size 



18 



211 -.9 



.R 11 



19 



M 1 



20 



M 1-15 



21 



M 1-2 



Obverse 



Revebse 



Caracalla 

lleri/liis mas one of the mints at tohich imperial tetrudrachns were struch during 
CaracaUa's fonrth conmhJiijj. [See Antioch, Nim. 232 ff., p. 172, footnote.) 

SiLVEB 

Tetradrachm 



AYT KAI AN TWNINOCC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Eagle, with open wings and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head 1.; in ex., 
dolphin and trident ; around, from 1. 
upwards, AHMAPX eZYHATo 
TOA 

[Plate lxxv. 29.] 



Bronze 



IMPMAVR - - ANTAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



COLIV LANTA VGFEL 

(around, from 1. upwards) 
BE R (in ex.) 
Type as on No. 17. 



Macrinus 



IMP CAESMACRINVS AVG 

Bust of Macrinus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass, with aegis, and paludamentum. 



COL I VL A VGFEL 

(around, from 1. upwards) 
B ER (beneath steps) 
Type as on No. 13, but much elaborated ; 
in pediment, patera, flanked by two 
pellets ; on summit of pediment, Posei- 
don grasping trident in 1., and carrying 
off nymph Beroe with r.* ; at either end 
of pediment, Nike holding untied wreath 
above her head ; within temple, on either 
side of the usual group, small cippus, on 
which stands an Eros stretching out a 
wreath towards the goddess ; in ex. , on 
either side of steps, small winged figure 
mounted on dolphin and grasping tri- 
dent, the two being so placed as to face 
each other; beneath each of them, a 
goblet. 



Diadumenianu s 



•MOP DIADVMENIANVS CA 

ES Bust of Diadumenianus r., -wear- 

ing cuirass and paludamentum ; head 
bare. 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxv. 30.] 



* See Bckhel, B.N.V., iii., p. 358, with references there. 



240 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Elagabalus 



22 



M 1-05 



IMPCAESMAVRAN TONINVS 

AVG (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Elagabalus r,, laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



IMPCAESMAVRAN 

AVG (from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



TONINVS 



23 



M 1-3 



24 



M 1-2 



25 



iE 1 



26 



27 



IMPCAESMAVRAN TONINVS 

AVG (from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



first part of inscr. off coin. 



Similar. 



JE 1-05 



M -95 



Similar. 



(insor. partly off coin.) 



Similar to No. 20. 



COLIVL AVGFEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
B ER _ (iu ex.) 
Asfcarte standing in tetrastyle temple, 
being crowned by Nike, as on No. 13 ; 
temple has pellet in pediment, and 
akroteria. 



COLIV L A VGFEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
B ER (in ex.) 
Tetrastyle temple, within which, statue 
of Marsyas r., raising r. hand, and 
carrying wine-skin over 1. shoulder ; 
the columns of the temple rest on 
massive bases and have elaborately 
decorated capitals ; the entablature on 
either side is also decorated, and is 
crowned by battlements ; the portico is 
arched ; above arch, small male figure 
r., riding on panther, and raising r. 
hand. 



Similar. 

type partly off coin. 



Similar, with COLI VL AV GFEL; 
beneath BER, prow r. 



[Plate lxxv. 31.] 



no prow. 



BERYTDS 



241 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


C OLI VLAVGFEL 

(from L, upwards) 
BER (in field r.) 
Eight-oared galley r., with, steersman 
seated at stem ; in centre stands 
Poseidon, naked, r., his 1. foot resting 
on the gunwale ; he leans with r. 
on trident, and holds dolphin on 
extended 1. 


28 




M 1 


inscr. almost entirely off coin. 
Similar. 


[Plate lxxv. 32.] 

COLIVL AVGFEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
BE R (in ex.) 
Hexastyle temple, having akroteria 
and approached by a narrow flight of 
steps; within stands Poseidon, naked, 1., 
his r. foot resting on rock; he holds 
dolphin on extended r., and leans with 
1. on trident. 


29 




M -9 


inscr. partly off coin. 


in pediment, vase r. 

[Plate lxxvi. 1.] 


30 




M -95 


Gordia 

IMPCAESMANTGORDIANVSA 
VCOS 1 1 PP (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 


n III. 

COLI VL AV GFEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
BE R (in ex.) 
Tetrastyle temple, approached by a 
broad flight of steps ; within, large bust 
of Astarte, turreted, facing, flanked on 
either side by a comucopiae and a 
military eagle ; on summit of pediment, 
group of Poseidon with Beroe, as on 
Nos. 20 ff ; at either end of pediment, 
Nike, holding untied wreath above her 
head ; beneath steps, galley r. 


31 




M 11 


IMPGORDIANVSAVGCOS 


[Plate lxxvi. 2.] 

COLIVL A VGFELBER 

(from 1., upwards) 








(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gordian III. r., radiate, wearing 








Dionysos, naked but for fawn-skin over 








cuirass and paludamentum. 


shoulder, standing to front, head 1. ; 
he holds rhyton in r., and in 1. his 
thyrsos ; at his feet 1., panther 1., with 
head turned back. 


32 




M -So 







I I 



2.12 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obveese 



Eevekse 



Siniilai'. 



33 



JE -85 



Similar. 



34 



JB -85 



IMPGORDI ANVSAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; head laur. 



iE 75 



Similar, with COLIVLAVG FELB 
ER 



COLIVLA VGFELBER 

(from 1., upwards) 
Dionysos, naked, standing facing, head 
r. ; his r. hand is placed upon his head, 
while his 1. caresses a small satyr who 
stands beside him looking 1. and stretch- 
ing out 1. hand ; at his feet 1., panther 
1., with head turned back ; the whole 
group enclosed by two vines, with 
grapes, making an arch. 

[Plate lxxvi. 3.] 



CO (to r.) BE ^^ 1 ) 

Poseidon, naked, standing ]., with r. 
foot resting on rock ; he holds dolphin 
on r., and leans w^th 1. on trident. 



Val 



erianus fcenior 



36 



37 



JE 1-2 



M 1-2 



IMPCPLICVALER I ANVSAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Valerianus Senior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentam. 



Similar ; head radiate. 



COLIVL AVGFEL 

(from 1., upwards) 
BER (in ex.) 
Astarte, draped and turreted, standing 
facing, her 1. foot resting on a prow ; she 
leans with r. on cruciform stylis, while 
with 1. she holds an aplustre, and at the 
same time raises her robe so as to expose 
her 1. knee ; on her 1., a small column, 
on which stands JS'ike 1., stretching out 
to crown her. 



Simila 



38 



yfi 1-1 



IMPCPLICGAL LIENVSAVG 

Bust of Gallienus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Gallienus 

Similar. 



BYBLUS — CAESAREA AD LIBANUM 



243 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



39 

40 



M 1-1 
M 1-1 



59-0 



M -5 



JE -9 



M -So 



Obverse 



Revkkse 



Salonina 



CORNELIASA LONINAAVG 

Bust of Salonina r., draped and wearing 
stepliane. 



Similar. 



BYBLUS 

First Ccutui-ij B.C. 

Bronze 

The following piece is prohahlij dated according to the Selcucid Era. 



Draped female figure (Astarte ?) standing 
1., stretching oat r., and leaning with 1. 
on sceptre ; border of dots. 



details very obscure. 



Head-dress of Isis ; on either side, EIC 
[= 97 B.C.] upwards ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxvi. 4.] 



CAESAREA AD LIBANUM 

Imperial Times 
The follotoing are dated according to the Seleiicid Era. 
Antoninus Pius 



Inscr. illegible. Bust of Antoninus Pins 
r., laur., wearing cuirass and paluda- 
nieLitmn. 



AYTKAITIAC ] 

(from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



KAICAP6 I ACAIBANOY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Male figure,* wearing under-garoaent, 
short cloak and anaxyrides, standing 1., 
holding ensign in r. and bow in 1. ; in 
field L, date, the letters being one above 
another. 

B H Y [=151 A.D.] 



KAICAPI [AC]AIB ANO Y 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar. 

i Z Y [=156 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxvi. 5.] 



* There seems to be no sufR-Jent reason for describing the figure as ' the Bmper)r.' It is 
more probably one of the auxiliaries. 

I I 2 



244 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



92 



91 



46 



43-5 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revekse 



M. Aarelius 



IE -8:, 



M -To 



M 75 



M -65 



M -6 



AYPHAIOCK[AI] [C€]B€YCYI 

OC (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentnm. 



KAICAP6I [ACjAIBANOY 

(fronr 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tjclie r., turreted; r. shoulder 
and one breast exposed; in field 1. and 
r., date. 

Z 

E Y [=156 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxvi. 6.] 



CARNE 

Came was the aeaport of Aradiis, and natuvallij follows the same metliod 

of recko7iing. 

Bronze 

Third and Second Ccnhiries B.C. 



Head of Tyche r., turreted ; border of 
dots. 



b\^ (to 1., upwards) 
Asklepios, naked to waist, standing r., 
bis r. hand placed upon bis hip, while 
his 1. leans upon his serpent-staff ; in 
front, a column, on which stands Nike 
stretching out 1. to crown him ; in field 
1., /\ ; to 1. downwards, date. 



Ill III ll|-/Vf\V [ = 220 B.C.] 
[Plate lxxvi. 7.] 

as preceding. 



Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted, 
wearing long necklace ; border of dots. 



\^ (to 1., upwards) 

Cornucopiae; in field, beneath, O a 
to r. downwards, date. 



~/V/V/VhV [=189 B.C.] 
[Plate lxxvi. 8.] 



^ ^'N V (*° !■' downwards) 

Similar type; in field beneath r., traces 
of letters; to r., date downwards ; border 
of dots. 



Ill/VrihV [=136b.c.] 



C ARNE — DORA— MAE ATHUS 



245 



No. 



Weight ^etal 
Size 



111-5 



M -7 



3 

4 



M -8 



^ -65 
M -6 



47-5 



M -55 



Obverse 



Reverse 



DORA 

The dates on the coins of Dora are recleoned from the Pompeian Era (64 B.C.). 

Bronze 
Imperial Times 

Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted. AWPITWN (to r., downwards) 

Astarte, turreted and draped, standing 
to front, head r. ; she holds in r. a mast 
with sail(?), and in 1. a cornucopiae ; to 
1., upwards, date. 

LPKH [=G6a.d.] 

Imperial Coinucje 
Trajan 



AYT.N€PTPAKAIC - - - PMA 

AK (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Trajan r., laur. ; in front, star. 



N€PTPAKAIC€rA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; in front, star. 



Similar, but Astarte stands three-quarter 
face towai'ds 1. 

PO€ [=113a.d.] 



AW PA 



(above) 



l€PA 

Galley 1. ; beneath, date. 

PO€ [=113a.d,] 
same date (?) 



MARATHUS 



Tlie coinage of Marathus begins in the latter half of the third century B.C. It loas 

fairly abundant until circa 149 B.C., lohen the city appears to have svgered severely 

at the hands of its rival Aradus. The dates are, perhaps, reckoned 

from the era of Aradus.* 



Beonze 



Head of Egyptian queen r., veiled ; border 
of dots. 



No inscr. visible. Prow 1. ; beneath, date; 
border of dots. 

\\\\-NNN\\V 



* Babelon {Les Perses AMmin., &o., p. clxxi. ff.) argues in favour of the Selendd Era and 
Dr. J. N Svoronos (in his Ptolemaic Corpus, pp. 170 ff.) prefers to make them begm with the 
accession of Ptolemy Soter. 



246 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



2 
3 

4 
5 
6 

7 



10 
11 

12 



13 
14 



Weight 



111-5 
104-5 
86-5 
106 
110 
127 
129 



59-5 



146 
135 
119 



105 
170-5 



Metal 
Size 



^ -75 

M -8 

M -7 

M -8 

M -8 

M -8 

M -8 



J3 -7 



^] -85 
^ -85 
JE -85 



^ -9 
Ji; -85 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



Bust of Egyptian king r., lanr. and 
draped, as Hermes ; over shoalder, 
caducens ; boi-der of dots. 



(ends of wreath hang doi\Ti ; drapery not 
shown.) 



f^\W (to r., downwards) 

The hero Marathos(?), naked to waist, 
standing 1., holding aplustre in r., and 
with 1. grasping the iolds of his hima- 
tion ; to r. npwards, date ; in field, 
letters ; border of dots. 

1 1 1 1 /VA'/V/VhV ; y and (?) 

same date ; 'vO (to r.) 

Ill lll/V/VA^A^hV; y and y 

as preceding. 

I llllll/VA'/V/VhV; i^ and ^ 

same date ; 'tv and )^ (?) 
-NNNN\\V ; y(?) and ^ 



[Platk lxxvi. 9.] 



Female bust r., hair rolled, with tresses 
hanging over neck ; border of dots. 



Bust of Egyptian queen r., draped and 
veiled . 



/'^y (*'° ^•' downwards) 

Is ike advancing 1., holding wreath ; 
border doubtful. 

no date or letters visible. 



f'\y (to r., downwards) 

The hero Marathos(?), naked to waist, 
standing 1. ; he holds an aplustre in r.,' 
and leans with 1. arm on short colnm.n ; 
to 1, upwards, date; in field, letters; 
border of dots. 

llinhV(?); ^ and O 
l!iinhV; y(?) and ^O 
as preceding (?) 



jorm the hordeys ore large and yromwent. No. U is very thick. 



Similar. 



Similar. 

"Illh^ryhV; 7^and 

as preceding. 
[Plate lxxvi. 10.] 



MARATHUS — ORTHOSIA 



24,7 



No. 



15 
16 



17 

18 



19 
20 
21 

22 



Weight 



115 

120-5 



53-5 



90-5 

97 

96 

92 



Metal 
Size 



zE -8 
JE -85 



M -7 
M -6 



M -8 

M -75 

^ -8 

M -8 



iE -9 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Reveese 



Similai'. 

Illlllhirw; o (tor.) 



Ill nil hlhV; V and O 



^ 
> 



Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted ; 
over 1. shoulder, palm ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxvi. 11.] 
Similar. 



date illegible ; y and \0 
) and 5 



If the following belong, as seems probable* to Murathus, iJien the city continued 

to strike money, thoitgh much more sparsely, even after the check which it is 

supposed to have received at the hands of Aradus, circa 149 B.C. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



Double cornucopiae, bound with diadem 



in field 1., \^ ; in field r., date 



upwards ; in field beneath, letters. 
]lll/V/Vrih[V]; ) and ^ 

iiiii/v/vnh[v]; > ^ 

III iii/y^/vri[hx/]; >(?) and ^ 

[Plate lxxvi. 12.] 

I 11 III iii/v/vri[hv]; V '^"'1 V 



ORTHOSIA 

hiiperial Coinage 
The following is dated from the Seleucid Era. 

Antoninus Pius 



AYTKAITIAIA[ ] 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum. 



. . WCieCON (in ex.) 
Dionysos Pogon, draped and wearing 
kalathos, standing upright in car drawn 
r. by two panthers, winged and horned ; 
he holds harpa in raised r. and reins in 
1. ; in field r., date. 



BE[Y] [=15lA.D.] 

(No. 1 is pierced.) 

* See Imhoof-Blnmer, Monn. grecq., pp. 444 f. If the era be really that of Aradns, the 
coins fall between 116 and 111 B.C. 



248 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



63 



JE -6 



^ -95 



M -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



PTOLEMAIS-ACE* 

TJiis port, originally hioion as Ace, changed its name in honour of Ptolemy 

Philadelphus. It was suhsequenthj one of the numerous towns which loere 

called after Antiochus IV.f It was n regal mint under Alexander 

the Great as loell as under the Seleucids and the Ptolemies. 

Beonze 
Second Century B.C. 



Heads of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r. 



details obscure. 



ANTIOXEQEN] (tor., downwards) 

[E]NnToAEM[AIAI] 

(to 1., downwards) 
Cornucopiae. 



Colonial Coinage 
Some time in the reign of Claudius the city was made a ' colonic 



Traja 



IMPCAEL ]GERDAPAR 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Trajan r., laur. ; paladamentum 
over shoulder. 



COL PTO[L] (from 1., upwards) 
Tyche, draped and turreted, seated r. 
on rock, holding ears of corn in r. ; at 
her feet, river-god, swimming r. 



Hadrian 

Similar. 



IMPCAESTPAI [ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



* The town is included in Galilee by Eckhel, but it was really Phoenician, and was 
never subject to the Jewish kings. 

t See supra, p. 52. 



PTOLEMAIS-ACE— SIDON 



249 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Keverse 



SI DON 



442 -5 
435-3 



Al 115 



.R 1-05 



341-7 
369-9 



Cin-a 500—330 B.C. 

Nii>i. 1 — 11 belong to the time of the Icings icho held siraij in Sidon prior to tie 

coiiqacxf of Alexander the Great. The heavy loeight and the lumpy fabric 

of Noa. 1 and 2 show that they must be placed very early, perhaps even 

earlier than 500 B.C. Nus. 3 — 5 may be placed circa 350 B.C. 

Silver 

Plioeuioiau Standard 

Ootadrachms 



Galley with rowers, mast, and four sails, 
moving 1. on double line of waves ; 
border of dots. 



King of Persia, bearded and wearing tiara 
and kandys, standing, with r. hand 
raised, in three-horse chariot advancing 
slowly 1. ; in front, charioteer bending 
forward and grasping the reins in both 
hands ; the whole in incuse square.* 



[Plate lxxvi. 13.] 



[Plate 



Gralley with rowers, moving 1. on four 
lines of waves ; border of dots. 



14.] 



Similar type ; behind chariot walks a male 
figure in Asiatic costume, holding in r. 
a sceptre with animal's head, and in 1. 
an oinochoij ; above charioteei-'s r. arm, 
Phoenician letters ; line of ex. double ; 
border of dots. 



/R 1-4 I much worn ; no date visible. 
41 I-l I traces of date (?) above. 



j inscr. illegible. 
(Xos. 3 and 4 are both pierced.) 



Piece of One Obol and a Half 



Similar, with double line of waves. 



8-2 



.11 -4 



King of Persia, wearing tiara and kandys, 
standing r., contending with lion, which 
stands erect 1. on hind legs with r. fore- 
paw drawn back to strike ; the King 
holds short sword in raised r. ; between 
the combatants, upwards, o ; the whole 
within circular incuse. 



[Plate lxxvi. 15.] 



* On neither specimen is there visible any trace of the forepart of an aninml, incnsc, 
such as is found, e.g., on Head, Coins of the Ancients, PI. 20, 44. 

K K 



250 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



MlCTAL 

Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



10 
11 



12 

13 
11. 

15 



102-5 



47-5 
44 



86 
70 
61-5 

53 



M -7 



93-5 


M -65 


905 


M -7 


86 


/E -7 



^ -55 

iE 55 



M -7 

^ -7 

M -7 

M '65 



Beonzb 
The following hronxe pieces, in two denominations, are ratlter earlier than Nos. 3 — 5. 

Similar. Type similar to No. 1 ; line of ex., double ; 

border of dots. 

[Plate lxxvi. 16.] 



Similar ; above galley, date. 

Ill It [=year5] 
no date visible. 



The King of Persia, bearded and wearing 
kidaris and kandys, running r. ; in 
his r. he grasps a spear, the butt-end of 
which is formed Hke an apple, and in 
his extended 1. a bow ; border of dots. 



Second Centvnj B.C. 

Bronze 

After its conquest by Ale.r<,„dn; Sidou lecame a royal mint. Under the Seleucids 
and the Ptolemies mone;, was str„rl- there at intervals.* The following autonomous 
pieces should he compared with supra, p. 58, Xv. 33. The Phoenician legend 
recounts the colonies of which Sidou was the metropolis.'^ The edges of all are 

Lecelled. 



Bust of Tyclie r., draped and turreted ; 
border of dots. 



behind, caducens. 
behind, N I 
nothing behind. 



'^■''^^ (above) 

ry-^l,^ (beneath) 

Rudder 1. ; border of dots. 



nothing visible behind. 



[Plate lxxvi. 17.] 



* See Index I., s.v. Sidon. 

t 'Of Sidon mother of Cambe [Curthnge], of Hippo, of Cilium, of Tvre.' Alois Muller, 
Sitzun:isier. der H lenei- Akad. der Wiss., xxxv. (1860), pp. 33 fP. 



SIDON 



251 



No. 



IG 



17 

18 



19 



20 
21 



Weight 



L'9-5 



128 
100 



111 



97-5 
78-0 



Metal 
Size 



JE -6 



M -95 

M -85 



JE ■« 



M -8 
M -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Chra ni— 35 B.C. 
Sidon, nice Tripolis, dated its later coins from an era hegimiincj in 111 li.C. 



Bust of Tyclie r., draped and turreted ; 
behind, symbol (?) ; border of dots. 



Bust of Tyche r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; border of dots. 



much Tvorn. 
behind head, ^ 



Heads of Tyche r., veiled and turreted, 
and of Zeus r., jugate ; border of dots. 



ZlAIlNinN (above) 
1/ !^^\^ (beneath) 

above inscr., date ; border of 



Galley 1. 
dots. 



Z [ = 101 B.C.] 



ZlAflNIXlN 



(beneath) 



Galley 1. ; upon it stands Astarte 1., 
draped, leaning with r. on rudder, and 
holding stylis in 1. ; in field, date ; 
border of dots. 

toh, LIA [? = 97b.c.] 

to r., LAA [=80 B.C.] 



yJjAV^Z, (beneath) 

Galley 1. ; above inscr., date ; no bordei- 
visible. 



LAA [=77 B.C.] 
[Plate lx.x.vi. 18.] 

If the monogram on the Obv. of the tioo following is a value-mark, 
then the pieces are tetrachalka. 



Head of young Dionysos v., long ringlets 
falling over neck ; behind, A ; border 
of dots. 



^'o^Z^ (beneath) 

Cista mystioa, against -which, on ],, 
leans a filleted thyrsos ; in field, 1. and 
r., date ; all within wreath of ivy ; 
border of dots. 



r N [=58 B.C.] 

(No. 20 is restruck.) 

r N [=58 B.C.] 



K K 2 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



22 



112 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



Similar type, of difFereut style; ivy- 
wreath visible in hair; behind head, 

^ ; border of dots. 



112 



M -85 



2i 



127 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; iu front, palm- 
branch. 



ZlAnNI-- (beneath) 

Cista mystica, against which, behind, 
leans a filleted thyrsos ; in field, 1. and 
r., date; all within wreath of ivy; 
border of dots. 

L Z [ = 51 B.C.] 



Z I All N I UN (beneath) 

Europa, to front, head 1., seated sideways 
on bull galloping 1. ; ahe grasps horn of 
bull with r., and with 1. holds her 
inflated veil arched above her head ; to 
1-, rO ; beneath inscr., date; all 
within wreath of oak. 



5-0 [=35 B.C.] 



Inijjcrial Times 



Augustus 



Bkonze 



Tetrastyle temple, resting on oblong basis ; 
on either side, an isolated column ; in 
pediment, three pellets ; plain border. 



ZIAnNin[N] (beneath) 

Europa, seated on bull galloping 1., as 
on No. 23 ; above inscr., date ; plain 
border. 

L ZIP [=7a.d.]* 



Claudius 
Bronze 



Head of Claudius r., laur. 



M -9 



■ ■ ^^ ■ • • (beneath) 

Europa, seated on bull as on No. 23, 
biit bull gallops r., while Europa has 
head r,, grasps horn with 1., and holds 
veil with r. ; above inscr., date. 

BZP [=52a.d.] 



* This piece wag read ZKP by Combe. Certainty is not possible; but the apparent 
K is probably merely the result of double striking. 



SIDON 



253 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








r/(e types of Ni>. 26 fire those most commonly found on the pseiido-aufonomous 
coinage under the earlier emperors. But pieces similar to No. 27 also 
occur occasionally. 








Head of Tyche r., veiled and turreted ; 

A 

in front, aplustre, above which, — ; 

border of dots. 


ZIAXINOZ ,, . 

OEAZ (^^°^') 

)A>^A (beneath) 

Galley 1. ; above inscr., date; border of 
dots. 


26 


53 


M -6 


Head of Dionysos 1., wreathed with ivy. 
long ringlets falling over neck ; border 
of dots. 


ENP [=45 A.D.] 

^ 0?AZ^ (beneath) 

Cista mystioa ; above, date ; all within 
wreath of ivy. 


27 


69 


JE -7 




LZP [ = 50a.d.] 








Nero 








Bkonze 








Similar to No. 26. 


Similar to No. 26 ; no Phoenician legend 
visible. 


28 


45 


^ -6 


letters above aplustre, oif coin. 


ZOP [ = 67 A.D.] 








Vespasian 








Bkonze 








Similar to No. 2G ; but, above aplustre, 
star. 


Similar to No. 26 ; but in place of 
Phcenioian legend, AS" 


29 


42 


M -65 




HHP [ = 78a.d.] 


30 


39-5 


M -6 




same date (?) 


31 


33-5 


M -6 




same date (?) 


32 


44 


^ -65 




same date (?) 


33 


44-5 


JE -55 


Similar; but, in front, crescent upwards, 
with star between its horns. 

[Plate ls 


Similar; but beneath, B[S] 

HnP[?=V8A.D.] 
XVI. 19.] 



254, 



PHOEN-ICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metae 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



34 



60-; 



^ -6 



Domitian 
Bronze 



Similar to Nos. 29 ff. 



Similar to Nos. 29 if. ; nothing visible 
beneath. 



HqP [=88a.d.] 



35 

36 



Trajan 



Beonze 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Trajan 
r.. laur. 



M 1 
M 1 



- TP 

P TPAIA 



37 

38 



JE -9 
M -9 



Bust of Trajan r., radiate, wearicg cuirass 
and paludamentum. 



ZIAHNOZNAY ,. 1 j„_^„ ^ ^ 
APXIAOZ (to ]., downwards) 

Male figure,* naked to waist, running 
1. on prow of galley 1., his head turned 
back and his r. hand outstretched as if 
to encourage others to follow ; with his 
1., which rests upon his 1. hip, he holds 
up the skirts of his robe and grasps 
parazonium ; beneath r. arm, date. 

LZKS [=117a.d.] 

as preceding. 

[Plate lxxvi. 20.] 



OEAZ (beneath) 

Europa seated sideways on bull galloping 
r., as on No. 25 ; above bull's head, 
date. 



ZKZ [=117 A.D.] 
as preceding. 

[Plate lxxvi. 21.] 



* This figure is usually described as Aeneas. There seems to be no substantial reason for 
the identification. A more probable suggestion would, perhaps, be Cadmus, in the act of 
embarking. Cadmus would be suitable to Tyre and Sidon, and also to Samos, where the 
type is found as well as in Phoenicia. (For Cadmus at Samos, see Boscher, vol. ii., 872.) 



SIDON 



255 



No. 



Weight 



39 



40 



Metal 
Size 



175-5 : M -95 



]65-5 



41 

42 



43 



44 



166-5 
155-5 



85-5 



44 



M -95 



M -9 
M -9 



iE -75 



M -65 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Hadi-ian 



Bronze 



The folloiriuij reinarltahle group of pseudo-auionomons pieces (Nos. 39 — 44) pcvliaps 

be.jaii under Trajan, who died in August, 117 A.d. {cf. Aeadus, Nos. 104 ff.). 

It contains three denominations. No coins of this class were eoer 

struck at Sidon afterwards. 



Bust of Tyche r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; behind, aplusfcre ; in front, 
star. 



no star visible. 



Similar. 



ZIAHN OZ 0EAZ (from 1., upwards) 
Sacred car, standing to front; the body 
of the car rests on two wheels, and 
supports a four-pillared canopy, under 
which, upon a low pedestal, is placed 
the simnlacrum of Astarte, decorated 
with fillets ; beneath car, date. 

ZKZ [=117a.d.] 



ZlAflNoZ 0EAZ 

Similar ; two jialms rise from top of 
car. 



date not legible. 
[Plate lxxvi. 22.] 



Similar. 



aplustre obscure. 



Head of young Dionysos r., wreathed 
with ivy, long ringlets falling over neck. 



Bast of Tyche r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; behind, aplustre. 



ZIAX2N0 [Z] lEPAZ 

Similar ; no palms ; plain border, 

ZKZ [=117a.d.] 

as preceding ; inscr. obscure. 



ZIAHNOZ 
OEAZ 



(beneath) 



Cista mystica; above, date ; all within 
wreath of ivy. 

ZKZ [ = 117a.d.] 



ZIAI2N0Z 



(above) 



eEAZ 

Galley r. ; above, date. 

HKZ [=11Sa.d.] 



256 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



45 
46 



Metal 
Size 



47 



^ -8 
M -7 



JE 1 



48 



199-7 



Bill. 1-1 



49 



JE 13? 



Obverse 



Eevekse 



The two following, especially No. 46, are of a thiclc, lumpy fabric, unlike any 
of the other pieces in the imperial series. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Hadrian 
r., laur. 



- - A - - 



EB 



-TOTPAIKAI AAPIANn - 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Hadrian r., laur. 



ZIAHNO Z OEAZ 

Similar to No. 39. 

HKZ [=118a.d.] 

as preceding ; inscr. obscure. 



ZlAriNO Z IQPAZ 

Similar to No. 39 ; but from top of 
car, on r., rises palm (?) ; no date visible 
beneath. 



Caracalla 

Billon 

Te tra drachm* 



AVTKAIANT(0NINOCC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Eagle standing facing, head 1., with wings 

open and wreath in beak ; between its 

legs, sacred car of Astarte, to front; 

around, from 1. upwards, AH MARX 

6IVTTATOCA 

[Plate lxxvi. 23.] 



Colonial Coinage 

Bhosze 

Culler Elagahiilus, Siihm nuts made a ' colonia,' with the titles 
(if ' Aiirclia Pia Metropolis.' 

Elagabalus 
IMPCAESMAVRANTONINVSA AVRPIASIDONCOLON lA 



VG (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



(from r., downwards) 
Founder of colony, head veiled in toga, 
ploughing out the primigenivs sulcus 
with team of oxen r. ; in the back- 
ground a legionary standard, inscribed 
L III 
GAL 



See supra, p. 172, No. 232. 



SIDON 



257 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Kevebse 



50 



51 



M 1-2 



M 1-2 



52 



53 



54 



55 



5G 



M 1-2 



JE 1-05 



M 1 



m -v.. 



m 1 



Smilar, with IMPCAESAR MAVA 
NTONIN 



countei'mark, car of Astarte. 



Similar, with IMCAAAV ANTON IN 



same countermark. 



Similar, with _ _ CAESARM AAN 
TON IN V [ ] 



Similar, with IMP CMAVAN [- - .] 



Similar, with |MPC - - [- -] 
INVSAV 



Similar, with [ ] NINVSAV 



COLO M€TROP AVR€ PIASI 

DON (from beneath, towards 1.) 

Sacred car of Astarte, to front, as on 
Nos. 39 ff. ; two palms rise from 
above it. 



COLAV PIA M6TRO SID 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



COLAVRPIAMETRSIDON 

(from 1., upwards) 
Laurel- wreath, within wliich C E R 

SAPE 

HOCVM 

ISELA 



COLAVRPIA (above) 

'^^Id'^^ (beneath) 

Galley 1., with rowers. 



[Plate lxxvi. 24.] 



COLAVR PIA METRO 

(from 1., upwards) 
S I D (beneath) 

Sacred car of Astarte as on Nos. 50 f. ; 
but from top rise four palms. 



COLAV (beneath) P (in field 1.) 

Europa seated sideways on bull galloping 
r., as on Nos. 37 f. 



Annia Faustina 



ANNIA FA VSTINAAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Annia Faustina r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 

countermark, car of Astarte. 



Similar to No. 54. 



L L 



258 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



57 



JE 1-1 



58 



M -9 



105-5 



^ -95 



40 



93 
110 

109-5 



M -55 



JE -9 
JE -8 
^ -8 



Julia Maesa 



IVLIAA\ A ESAAVG 

(from ]., up-wards) 
Bust of Julia Maesa r., di-aped. 



Similar, with IVLMAE SAAVG 



Similar to No. 52. 



COLAVPIA METSIDON 

(from 1., up Vizards) 
Male figure running 1., -with r. foot on 
prow, as on Nos. 35 f. 



TRIPOLIS 

This city loas a joint settlement from Aradus, Sidon and Tyre. It was a royal 

mint under the Seleucid Kings, and also under the Ptolemies.* At one period it 

dated its coins from the Era in use at Sidon (111 B.c.-f) ; but during the 

greater part of its history it employed the Seleucid Era. 

First Century B.C. 
Bronze 



Bust of Tjclie r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; behind, cruciform stylis ; 
border of dots. 



Bust of Tyche r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; over shoulder, palm ; border 



of dots. 



TPinOAITilN (on ]., downwards) 
Nike standing r. on prow r., holding 
wreath in extended r. and palm over 
1. shoulder ; iu field r., date ; border 
of dots. 

LIB [=99 B.C.] J 



Galley 1. ; above, piloi of the Dioskouroi 
with stars ; beneath, date. 



- - K 



Henceforward all the coins hear dates according to the Seleucid Era. 

Similar to No. 1 ; but, beneath date, star. 
LHnC [=24 B.C.] 
same date (incomplete). 



Similar to No. 1; but, beneath stylis 
pilos surmounted by star. 



* See Index I., s.v. Teipohs. 

dnce an almost un ntelligible confusion into the methods ^^datL as may Te seen bv 
oomparing Rouv.er's No. Ifi65 (I.e.) with his No. 1647 {ibid., p. 22).^' The reTl sf-^nTflcance 

lupous (Ibid,., pp. 28 f,, Nos. 1677 flf.) is explained below (Nos. 10 f.). 



TRIPOLIS 



259 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



160 



M -8 



99 



M -75 



Obverse 



Busts of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r., laur. 
and draped, surmounted each by a star ; 
bead and reel border. 



Reverse 



AITON ^^^ field, beneath) 
Palm-branch ; in field, date ; all in 
laurel-vv'reath ; bead and reel border. 

5 T [=6 B.C.] 



The dates on the three following pieces are illegible. 



82 



M -8 



68 



M -7 



10 



146 



^ -85 



Heads of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r. ; border 
of dots. 



details obscure. 



Bust of Tyche r., draped, veiled, and 
turreted ; border of dots. 



TPITTOAIT (on r., downwards) 

Tyche, draped, standing to front, leaning 
with r. on rudder, and holding cornu- 
copiae in 1. ; beneath and to 1., traces of 
letters ; all within wreath of laurel. 

details obscure. 



The Dioskouroi, on horseback, prancing 
r., with flying chlamydes and spears at 
rest ; above head of each, a star ; border 
of dots. 



Similar. 



beneath, traces of letters. 
[Plate lxxvi. 25.] 



TPin (beneath) 

Similar : no stars visible. 



Imperial Times 



Augustas 



Busts of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r., laur. 
and draped, surmounted each by a star ; 
border of dots. 



TPITTOAITI2N (from 1., downwards) 
Nike standing r. on prow r., holding 
wreath in extended r. and palm over 1. 
shoulder ; beneath prow, Seleucid date ; 
above, regnal year of Emperor. 

LTKB LMA [=10a.d.]* 



* The letters B and A are not quite certain. Possibly they may be E and A (as on 
Rouvier's No. 1679, Journ. Intern., 1903, p. 29), in which case the year will be 13 ad It 
will be seen from No. 11 that the second date gives, not the year of the Aotian Bra, but the 
regnal year oE the Emperor. In the case of Augustus these were identical. 

L L 2 



260 



PHOENICIA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Tiberius 








Similar. 


Similar. 


11 


132 


M -9 




LTKZ LB [=15a.d.] 








Nero 








The three following represent a series of three denominations. 








Head of Nero r., laur. ; in front, lituus. 


[TPI]nOAEIT (ON 

(from r., up-»^ards) 
Basts of the Dioskouroi, jagate, r., 
draped and -vrearing laureate piloi ; 
above each, a star ; beneath, date. 


12 


138-5 


M -9 


countermark, [v/P ^ O 

Head, of Tyche r., veiled and turreted ; 
behind, cruciform stylis ; in front, piloi 
■witb stars. 


Le[OT] [=67a.d.] 

T PinO[AEI] TWN 

(from beneath, towards r.) 
Nike r., standing on galley r., holding 
vi^reath in extended r., and carrying 
palm over 1. shoulder ; in field r., star; 
beneath, date. 


13 


94 


M -7 




LGOT [=67a.d.] 








[Plate lxxvi. 26.] 








Head of Nero r., i-adiate ; drapery about 
neck. 


TPinOAEITWN (from r., upwards) 
Piloi of the Dioskouroi, laureate and 
surmounted by stars ; beneath, date. 


14 


41 


M -6 




LeOT [=67 A.D.] 








[Plate lxxvi. 27.] 








Hadrian 








Four distinct denominations seem to he represented in the following series. 








Inscr. from 1., up-wards. Bust of Hadrian 
r., laur., paludamentum over 1. shoulder. 


TPITTOA€ITa)N (to r., downwards) 
Astarte, draped and turreted, standing 
three-quarter face towards r. ; she leans 
with r. on stylis, while with 1. she 
raises her chiton above her 1. knee ; 
1. foot planted on pi'ow; to r., upwards, 
date. 


15 


202-5 


JE 1-05 


AYTOKPKAICAPTPAIANOC A 
APIANOC 


HKY [=117a.d.] 


16 


191-5 


JE 1 


[AYTOKP]KAICAPTPAIA NOC 
AAPIANOLC] 


as preceding. 



TRIPOLIS 



261 



No. 



Weight 



17 

18 



170 
143 



Metal 
Size 



19 



96 



20 



54-6 



21 



.E -9 
2E -95 



M -8 



^ -6 



JE -9 



22 



23 



M -9 



^ -95 



Obverse 



Similar. 



AYTOKPKAICAPTPAI ANOCA 
APIANOC 

AYTOKPKAICAPTPAIA NOCA 
APIANOC 



Similar to No. 17. 



AYTO K PKAICAPTPAI ANOCAA 
PIAN 

Similar. 



Reverse 



TPITTOA€IT(0N (to r., downwards) 
Busts of the Dioskouroi, jugate, r., 
draped and wearing laureate piloi ; 
above each, a star; to 1., upwards, date. 



HKY [117A.D.] 



same date. 



[Plate lxxvi. 28.] 



TPITTO AEITWN (from 1., upwards) 
Nike 1., standing upon galley 1., holding 
wreath in extended r. and palm in 1. ; 
in field 1., date. 

YKH C=117a.d.] 



TPinOA€ITWN 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Piloi of the Dioskouroi, laureate and sur- 
mounted by stars; to 1., downwards, date. 

HKY [=117a.d.] 



Cara,oalla 



_ _ KAAAVANTWN 

(from I., upwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



AYKMAYANTO) 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



TPITTOAI TCON (from 1., upwards) 
Distyle shrine, with arched roof; within, 
turreted bust of Astarte r., draped; after 
inscr., date. 

«|>KB [=210a.d.] 



TPI no A IT (in ex.) 

The Dioskouroi advancing to meet each 
other ; each wears pilos, surmounted 
by star, and holds spear in one hand, 
while with the other he grasps the 
bridle of his horse which raises a fore- 
foot ; between them, above, small shrine 
containing turreted bust of Astarte r. ; 
beneath raised forefeet, date. 



rK<i> [=2iiA.D.] 



Diadumenianus 



MOnAIAAOVMCNIANOCKAl 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; head bare. 



TPinO Al [TOJN] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Galley 1., in full sail ; in iield above, 
piloi with stars ; beneath galley, date. 

eK<^ [=217 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxvi. 29.] 



262 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveesb 



Elagabalus 



24 
25 



M 1-16 
M 1 



AVTKMAVP ANTWNINOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



AV for AVT 



TPinO A I TCUN (from 1., upwards) 
Tetrastyle temple facing ; in back- 
ground, above sides of pediment, is 
visible a high flat roof ; in pediment, 
turreted bust of Astarte, facing; be- 
tween central pillars, circular altar 
which is approached by a narrow flight 
of steps ; between side pillars, on 1., 
statue of Helios, radiate, naked, standing 
to front, leaning with r. on spear, and 
on r., statue of Artemis, wearing crescent 
and draped, standing to front, holding 
torch in both hands; beneath steps, 
date. 

AA* [=219a.d.] 

BA<t> [ = 220 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxvi. 30.] 



26 



M 1 



lOYAIA C€AMACC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Soaeniias r., draped. 



Similar. 



Julia Soaemias 
Similar. 



27 



M 1 



BA<|) [=220a.d.] 



TPI no Al TWN (from 1., upwards) 
Pa9ade of hexastyle temple; the two 
ceutral pillars, which are taller than 
the rest, form a shrine, which is 
approached by a broad flight of steps, 
and has a flat roof with arch rising 
above it ; within, Astarte, draped and 
turreted, standing to front, her 1. foot 
on a prow ; the goddess leans with r. 
on stylis, while with 1. sbe raises her 
robe to her 1. knee ; to r., Nike on 
small column crowning her; each group 
of two pillars on either side is sur- 
mounted by small pediment, and forms 
the beginning of a short colonnade, the 
remaining pillars of which are visible, 
in perspective, behind ; above the whole, 
the main roof of the temple rises to a 
point ; to 1. of steps, date. 

BA<I> [=220a.d.] 



TRIPOLIS— TYRE 



263 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



122-4 



yR -8 



210-8 



221-2 



M 11 



M 1-1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



TYRE 

Of tlie money struclc hy the petty Mngs of Tyre before the conquest of 

Alexander, there are no specimens in the Hunter Cabinet. It consisted 

of silver pieces on the Phoenician standard. 

Third Century B.C. 

Silver 

Eceii after its capture by Alexander, Tyre continued to strike silver in its 
own name. The following piece is dated according to the Seleiicid Era. 

Euboic-Attic Standard 
Bid rachm 



Melkart, bearded, riding r. over waves 
on the back of a hippocamp ; lie holds 
strung bow in extended 1., and grasps 
the reins of his steed with r. ; beneath 
waves, dolphin r. ; border of dots. 



Owl, with closed wings, standing r., head 
facing; behind him, flail, and staff with 
crooked head; in field r., date; border 
of dots. 



above waves, V\ IIIIO [=288 B.C.] 

[Plate lxxvi. 31.] 

After circa 126 B.C. 

During the Third and Second Centuries B.C. Tyre was a mint both of the Ptolemie 
and of the Seleucid Icings.* In 126 B.C. it entered on a fresh epoch of 
autonomy, and from this year its subsequent coins are dated. 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard 

Te tr a drachms 



Head of young Herakles - Melkart r., 
laur., with slight whisker ; lion's skin 
about his neck ; border of dots. 



TYPOYIEPAZ KAIASYAOY 

(from r., downwards) 
Eagle with closed wings btanding 1. 
upon rudder, and holding palm-branch 
over r. wing; in front, club downwards ; 
between legs, Phoenician letter ; in field 
1., date; in field r., monogram; border 
of dots. 



X^ LZ [=119 B.C.] M 
(No. 2 is pierced.) 

I ^ ri [=113 B.C.] 2B 
[Plate lxxvi. 32.] 

* See Index I., infra, s.v. Tyre. 



2G4 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Wei&ht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eevebse 



]0 

11 



12 
13 



11 
15 



218-4 
218-6 



219-3 
214 
217 
176-5 



103-1 
100-3 



107-6 
109 3 



157-5 
172 



JR 1 
Al 1 



M 1 

JR -95 

M 1-1 

M pi. -85 



M 
M 



M 
Al 



•8 



^ 
M 



The series did not come to an end loith the Soman conquest. Tetrn drachms 
and didrachms continued to be issued down to the reign of Ves2}asian. 



Similar. 



Similar, -with V, E and A in inscr. ; in 
field r., KP, beneath which letters or 
monogram. 

^ PIE [=11 B.C.] BN 

-sr(?) PAE [=10a.d.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar, "with Y, E and A in inscr. 
[?] PZA [=36 A.D.] X (?) 
5 POA [=46 A.D.] obscure. 
5 PCS'* [ = 5lA.D.] Eft 
[?] [. .]A t^(?) 



Did rachms 

Similar to Nos. 4 f. 

^ PIE [=11 B.C.] B N 

[?] PMH [=23a.d.] ? (A doubtful) 

(No. 11 is pierced.) 

Similar to Nos. 6 if. 

■^ PZA [=36 A.D.] -I^C?) 

jfc PoH [ = 53a.d.] ep, 
[Plate lxxvi. 33.] 

Bkonze 



Bronze pieces in several denominations were struch contemporaneoush/ toith 
the preceding silver, the Fhoemcicm element receiving more prominence on these. 



Similar. 



\\^ (in field r.) 

Club, do-wn-wards, its upper part ending 
iu the monogram -^ ; in field 1., 
monogram, and date ; the whole within 
oak-wreath ; border of dots. 

7R Cr [=78 A.D.] 
as preceding. 
[Plate lxxvii. 2.] 

* The coin is double-struck, and the last numeral is blurred and uncertain. 



TYRE 



265 



No. 



16 
17 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



97-5 ': M -75 
92'5 : JE -85 



Obveese 



Reverse 



Bust of TycLe r., draped, veiled and 
turreted ; over 1. shoulder, palm ; 
border of dots. 



\\^ (beneath) 

Galley 1., with rowers ; in field above, 
to r. "y, and to 1. date ; above galley, 

ICP AT' boi'der of dots. 
LM [=35 B.C.] (Q and A in inscr.) 
ZB* [=78a.d.] 



18 



19 



20 
21 



22 
23 

24 



193-5 



129 
113 



50 
52 

48-5 



M 1 



166 M -95 



M -7 
JE -55 
M -6 



^ -85 
M -9 



After the cessation of the autonomous silver issues, hroiixe continued to be struck, 

apparently in greater abundance than ever before. The title firjrpoiroXi^ is usual, 

and the Phoenician legend becomes less and less important, not being found at 

all on some of the coins. There seem to be four denominations, 

each with a characteristic liev. type. 



Similar to Nos. 14 f . 



Similar. 



Similar to Nos. 16 f . 



Similar. 



Similar to Nos. 14 f . ; no monogram to 1. ; 



in field, 



MH TPO 

nOA EGOZ 



, beneath which, 



to r. date, and to 1. \\^ 
HAZ [=114a.d.] 



Similar; but, instead of club ending in 
■^, its handle is prolonged into the 
central letter of TYPOY 

HAZ [-113A.D.] 



■f lEPAZ 

MHTPOnO (above) 
AEtOZ 

Galley 1.; beneath, \\^ ; above inscr., 
date. 
eiZ* [=95a.d.] 

HAZ [ = 114 A.D.] ; nothing visible 
beneath. 



i^MHTPOnOAEGJZIEPAZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Palm-tree, with fruit ; in field, date. 

A Z [ = 106a.d.] 

/V\ Z [=116a.d.] 

as preceding, t 



* This date is not certain. 

t Possibly in both cases the date is AA Z [ = 110 A.D.] 



M M 



266 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obveesb 



Reverse 



25 

26 



27 



28 



29 
30 
31 



29-5 
23 



154-5 



154-5 



43-5 

72-5 
58 



32 



199-5 



33 214 



34 



126 



M -5 
M -55 



M -9 



JE -85 



M -6 

M -6 
^ -65 



M -95 



JE -9 



Similar. 



Similar to Nos. 18 f. 



Similar to Nos. 20 f. ; but, in front, 
murex- shell. 



Similar to Nos. 22 fE. 



^/E^^ (above, to r.) 

Astarte, draped and turreted, standing 
1. upon galley 1., holding aplustre in 
extended r. and stylis in 1. ; above, to 
1., date. 

[e?]IZ [=95a.d.]; beneath, ^ 
AKZ [=100 A.D.]; beneath, ^^^ 



Similar to No. 18; but MHTPOTTOA 
EGl)Z around, from r. downwards ; 
in field, to r., date, and to 1., \\f' 

AMZ [=117a.d.] 

Similar to Nos. 20 f . 
AMZ [=117 A.D.] 



Similar to Nos. 22 ff., with € and C in 
inscr. 

rA\ C [ = 119a.d.] 

S MC [=122 A.D.] 

ZM C [=123 A.D.] (-^MHTPOn 
OAIC l€PA) 



Similar to Nos. 18 f. 



Similar. 



JE -9 



[Plate lxxvii. 3.] 



Similar to No. 27 ; but a >^ if. in field 
beneath, and date in field above ; € and 
C in insor. 

S NC [=132a.d.] 
(No. 32 is pierced.) 



SN C [ = 132a.d.] 

Similar. 

5 NC [=132a.d.] 



TYRE 



267 



No. 


Weighi 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


EeviIbse 




1 




Similar to Nos. 20 f., with murex-sliell. 


Similar to Nos. 20 f. 


35 


99-5 


M -8 




EIZ [=141 A.D.] 








[Plate lxxvii. 4.] 


. : - ' 




- 


Similar to Nos. 22 ff. 


Similar to Nos. 22 £E. 


36 


48-5 


M -65 


Similar to Nos. 18 f. 


S NZ [ = 132a.d.] 
Similar to Nos. 18 f. 


37 


148 


M -85 


Similar to Nos. 20 f., -with murex-shell. 


HOZ [=154a.d.] 

Similar to Nos. 20 f. ; € and C in inscr. 


38 


68-5 


M -7 


Similar to Nos. 22 fE. 


AMC [=170a.d.] 

Similar to Nos. 22 if. ; € and C in inscr. 


39 


43 


M -6 


. 


B MC [ = 168 A.D.] 








On neither of the foUoiomg is the date quite certain; hit they are obviously late. 








The autonomotis bronze series finally ended in the reign of Septimius Severus, 








under lohom the coloniul coinage began. [See infra, Nos. 54 ff.) 






1 


TYP[OY MHTPO]nOA€WC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of young Herakles-Melkart, laur., 
r. ; lion's skin aboat neck. 


KOINOY <|)OINIKHC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Octastyle temple, decorated with akro- 
teria, and resting on a broad flight 
of steps; in pediment, ?; to 1., traces 
of Phoenician legend;* in ex., date. 


40 


177-5 


M 1-05 


Similar to Nos. 20 f., with murex-shell. 


AKT [=195a.d.] (obscure). 

Similar to Nos. 20 f. ; € and C in inscr. 


41 


58 


M -7 


* See Imlioof-Blumer, Qr 


AK[T] [ = 195a.d.] 
ieoJi. Miinnen, p. 243 (767). 



M M 2 



268 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



42 
43 



44 



45 



46 



Weight 



Metai 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Imperial Coinage 

SiLVEE OE Billon 

Te tradrac hms* 

Trajau 

The Eev. type of the following appeals to indicate Tyre as the mint.f 



210'6 
210-5 



220-0 



^R 105 

M -95 



.-R -95 



AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC 
eBr€PMAAK (from 1, upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., la"ar. 



221-7 i M 1 



AYTOKPKAICN6PTPAIANOCA 
PIC€Br€PMAAKnAPe Similar. 



- - NeP TPAIANOCC€Br€PM 

(from 1., -apwards) 
Bust of Trajan 1., laur., resting upon 
eagle standing 1., -with closed wings, 
holding palm-brancli over r. wing ; in 
front of eagle, club downwards. 



Eagle standing to front, head 1., upon 
club 1.; wings open; to r., palm- 
brancb ; inscr. from 1., upwards. 

AHMAPX eZYHAT 6 

AHMAPX eZlZynATC, [=113 

A.D.] 



Similar. 
AHMAPX 

A.D.] 



€ZKYnATi; [=117 



Head of young Herakles-Melkart r., 
laur. f lion's skin fastened about neck ; 
inscr. from 1., upwards. 



AHMAPX eZYHATB 



[Plate lxxvii. 5.] 



163-2 



.R -95 

(plated ?) 



47 



230-4 ! .R 1-15 



AYTOKPKAICNePTPAIANOCC 
€Br€PM (from 1., upward,s) 
Bust of Trajan r., laur. 



AYTOKPKAICN€PTPAIANOCC 
€Br€PMAAK (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Trajan r., laur. ; beneath, eagle 
walking r. ; in front, club downwards. 



Similar. 

AHMAPX €ZYTTATr 

[Plate lxxvii. 6.] 

Similar. 

AHMAPX €EYnAT€ 



cf iL° Vo^s" les^f '''"^' '^^ "'^™' '""^^'' '*-'*"°"'' ^^ ^- • ^""^ ^^*li tl't' Ohv. of Nos. 47 ff. 
t See Imlioof-Blumer, GriecJi. Munzen, pp. 239 (763) f. 



TYRE 



269 



No. 



49 



50 
51 
52 



54 



Weight 



203-5 
189-3 
176-8 



53 i 180-4 



Metal 
Size 



48 ' 225-3 I .11 -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



AYTOKPKAICNCPTPAIANOCA 
PICTC€Br€PMAAK 

Similar ; but club lying 1., behind eagle. 



AYTO AIANOCAPICEBPEP 

MAAKHAPe Similar. 



M -95 



.R 


1-1 


Bill. 


1 


Bill. 


11 


Al 


1 



M 1-25 



Similar. 



AHMAPX€ZieYnATC;[ = 116A.D.] 



Similar. 



[AHMAPX] €EKYnATi; [=117 

A.D.] 



Caracalla'* 



AVTKAIAN TWNINOCC6 

(from 1., up-wards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur. 



■wears cuirass. 

wears cuirass and paludamentum. 

neck and slioulders bare. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head 1., upon 
club r. ; between its legs, murex-shell ; 
around, from 1., upwards, AHMAPX- 
€Z VHATOC TOA- 

(eagle on rudder ?) 



Geta 



AVTKAI- reTACCCB- 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Geta r., laur. 



Similar, with • A H M A PX€ I VnATO 
CTOB 



[Plate lxxyh. 7,] 



Colonial Coinage 
Beonze 



Under Septimius Severus, Tyre loas made a ' colonia,' with the titles ' Septimia 

Metropolis.' Some time in the course of the reign of Elagahalns it appears to 

have been deprived of its titles (see Nos. 66 f.), and doubtless of some of its 

privileges also. It recovered them in the reign of Severus Alexander. 

Julia Domna 



IVLIA AVGVSTA (from!., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Domna r., draped. 



- _ METROP 

(around, from 1. upwards) 

COLON I (in ex.) 
Founder of colony, head veiled in toga, 
ploughing out the primigenius sidcus 
with team of oxen r. ; in r. he holds a 
whip; in background, military standard 

LEG 
inscribed 1 1 1 
GAL 



* See under Antiooh, Nos. 232 ff. 



270 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



"Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Caracalla (?) 



- - AVANT ONINVSAV 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of young Caracalla (?) r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



55 



JE 1-1 



SEP TIM TYR COL 

(from 1., upwards) 
Hexastyle temple ; beneath a central 
arcli, Astarhe, turreted and wearing 
short chiton, standing to front, laying 
her outstretched r. on trophy fixed on 
pole, and holding sceptre transversely 
in 1. ; her 1. foot rests on a prow, 
beyond which, Nike, standing on small 
column, stretches out to crown her ; 
the temple rests on a broad flight of 
steps, beneath which, a lighted altar, 
flanked by a palm-tree and murex- 
shell. 



Elagabalus 
TONINVS 



. . . OKAIMAVAN 

AVG (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing 
cuu'ass and paludamentum. 



56 



M 1-1 



TVRIORV [M] (above) 

Quadriga advancing 1. at a trot, the 
nearest horse having his head turned 
back ; within, male figure standing L, 
raising his r. hand, and holding sceptre 
in 1. ; in field, above horses, star ; in 
ex., murex-shell(P). 



[Plate lxxvii. 8.] 



Aquilia Severa 



IVLAQVILIA SEVERAAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Aquilia Severa r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 



57 



M l-O,: 



TV Rl O RVM (from 1., upwards) 
Astarte standing to front, turreted and 
wearing short chiton ; she places her r. 
hand on trophy, and holds transverse 
sceptre in 1.; her 1. foot rests on a 
prow, and she is crowned from r. by 
Nike on column,— all as on No. 55 ; in 
field, inside pole of trophy, palm-tree, 
and, inside column, murex-shell. 



Gordian III. 



IMPGORDIANVS PIVSFELAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



58 



M 1-I5 



COLTV RM ET (from I., upwards) 
Two conical stones (/iaLTvXoi) * resting 
on an oblong basis; to 1., a thymia- 
terion ; to r., an olive-tree whose 
branches overshadow the paiTvXoi; 
beneath, AMBPOCI€ 

shell. 



and a murex- 



* On the type, see Eckhel, D.A'. 
(Dionys., xl. 467 tf.). 



[Plate lxxvii. 9.] 

I 

iii., p. 390, with the quotation there given from Nonnns 



TYRE 



271 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Philippus Senior 



IMPMIVLPHIL - - - AVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentam. 



59 



JE 1-15 



COLTV R OMET 

(from 1., upwards) 
Dido, wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing 1., with sceptre in I. and 
wand (?) in r., watching the building of 
Carthage ; in front of her is an arched 
gateway, with pinnacles, on the summit 
of which a workman is busy, while at 
her feet a second workman is squaring 
blocks of stone (?) . 



Volusianus 



IMPCGVIBVOLVSTANVSAVG 

{sic, from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Volusianus r., laur., wearing 
cuii'ass, with aegis, and paludamentum. 



60 



M 1-05 



COLT VRO METRO 

(from 1., upwards) 
Figure (of City?) wearing chiton, peplos, 
and high mural crown, standing r., 
stretching her hands over lighted altar 
towards temple of Herakles, which is 
seen sideways in the background ; the 
temple is tetrastyle, and is approached 
by a broad flight of steps ; in pediment, 
pellet; in arched central space, club 
downwards ; slabs of roof and side-wall 
distinctly visible; in field r., beneath 
temple, naurex-shell. 

[Plate lxxtii. 11.] ; 



Valerianus Senior 



61 



JE 1-15 



62 



M 1-15 



IMPCPLICVALERIANVSAV 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Valerianus r., radiate, wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



63 



i M 1-1 



COLTV RO MET (from 1., upwards) 
Bearded male figure standing 1., naked 
to waist, holding roll of parchment in 
extended r. and caduceus in 1. ; at his 
feet 1., ibis 1. ; behind him, a palm-tree, 
above which, murex-shell. 

[Plate lxxvii. 10.] 

COLTV- ROME (from 1., upwards) 
Nike standing three-quarter face to- 
wards 1., holding wreath and palm; in 
field 1., murex-shell. 



COL TV RO MET 

(from 1., upwards) 
Type similar to No. 65 ; but temple 
smaller, steps less well marked, and 
positions of murex-shell and palm-tree 
in ex. reversed. 



272 



PHOENICIA 




Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



65 



Similar, with AVG 



M I'l 



M 1-1 



Similar. 



COLT VR OM ETRo 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar to No. 57 ; but, in place of 
palm-tree, statue of Marsyas r. 

[Plate lxxtii. 12.] 



COLVR o METRO 

(sic, from 1., upwards) 
Dido watching the building of Carthage, 
as on No. 59 ; but in field, above, star, 
and beneath, to 1., murex-shell. 



[Plate lxxvii. 13.] 



Gallienus 



66 



JE 1-2 



IMPCPLICGALLIENVSAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gallienus r., radiate, wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



COL TVR ME (from 1., upwards) 
Galley 1. ; at either end stands a female 
figure supporting a tent-like canopy, 
■which extends the full length of the 
vessel, and is open in front and to r. ; 
beneath canopy, simulacrum of Astarte, 
draped. 

details obscure. 

[Plate lxxvii. 14.] 



UNCERTAIN OF PHOENICIA 



Silver 



164-2 



M -8 



The followiwj staters, of the Persic standard, have sometimes been usslqmd 

to Tarsus ; hut tlie true attribution remains doubtful. The legend on No. 3 

may give the name of a dynast, as may the monogram on No. 2. 



Circa 600—450 B.C. 



Cow standing r., looking back at calf, 
which she is suckling ; border of dots. 



Herakles, naked, r., brandishing in r. his 
club, with which he is about to strike 
lion, held downwards by hind-leg in 
outstretched L; the lion has his head 
turned upwards ; the whole in incuse 
square. 



[Plate lxxvii. 15.] 



UNCERTAIN OF PHOENICIA 



273 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



C;,-c<i 450—400 B.C. 



165-4 



M -8 



Herakles r., naked, quiver slung on back, 
brandishing in r. his club, with which 
he is about to strike lion which he 
holds downwards by its tail in out- 
stretched r. ; border of dots. 



166-5 



M -8 



101-5 



^ -8 



5^ (above) 

Cow standing 1. on dotted line, suckling 
calf ; the whole within incuse square, 
the inner edge of which is lined by a 
row of dots. 



(No. 2 is restrvick.) 

[Plate liXxvii. 16.] 



The King of Persia, wearing kidaris and 
kandys, standing r., contending with 
lion, which stands erect 1. on hind legs, 
with r. forepaw drawn back to strike ; 
the Bang grasps lion's neck with 1., and 
prepares to stab with short sv^ord held 
in r. ; border of dots. 



X^'^O^ (above) 

Similar ; but calf stands between fore- 
legs of cow. 



TPlatb lxxvu. 17.] 



Bbonze * 



The dates on Nos. 4 S. are prohahly rechonecl from the Era of An 
beginning in 259 B.C. 



Bearded head r. ; over shoulder, tongs (?) ; 
border of dots. 



A y/v (to 1., upwards) 

Astarte(?) standing 1., draped, leaning 
with r. on stijlis {?), and raising hem 
of robe with 1.; in field r., upwards, 
date ; border of dots. 



\\\~N\\V [=Tear33] 
[Plate lxxvii. 18.] 



■KT K a arc i^iaio-ned to Aradus by Babelon (Les Perses 4.cUm.., 
* Corns resembling N°^- ^-^ ^'^'', ^^''f j^, ,.° ^goi pp^40 f.). Neither attribution 
p. 137), and to Marathus by Ronvier (Joiirn. lutein., iyui, pp. ^-t^ i-;- 

is quite satisfactory. 

N N 



274 



PHOENICIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeteese 



116-6 

88-6 
87-5 

91-5 



53-5 



^ -8 

JE -8 

M -8 

M -75 



M -6 



Bust of Tyche r., draped and turreted ; 
palm over 1. shoulder ; border of dots. 



Female figure standing 1., wearing chiton, 
peplos, and turreted head-dress, holding 
wreath in extended r., and leaning with 
1. on long sceptre; to 1., upwards, 
Phoenician letters ; to r., downwards, 
date ; border of dots. 

^)^ [- . .] /V/V [---]* 

j^X^ [ ] A'iV/V 

/'O ll|-/V/V/VhX/ [ = Year 73] 



[Plate lxxvii. 19.] 



Head of Tyche r., turreted; border of 
dots. 



y^ [ ]/V/V/V/Vf\V 



Palm-tree; in field, beneath, Phoenician 
letters, above which, date (?). 



^ ^ -/V/V hV [=Tear60]t 

[Plate lxxvii. 20.] 



* Both No. 5 and No. 6 have in the ex. a series of short strokes, which may be a prolongation 
of the date. 

t The letters are very obscure, and reading given above cannot, therefore, be absolutely 
relied on. The types are Tyrian. 



GALILAEA— SAMAEIA 



275 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -85 



M -65 



PALESTINE 

Galilaea* 
DIOCAESAREIA- SEPPHORIS 

I)i)peri(d Coinage 

Trajan 

Tie remarkable inscription on the Obverse of this piece probably refers 
to some privileges or benefits conferred by the Emperor. 

TPAIANOZAVTO KPATOPEAO ; ZEH <l>o ^. „ ,,^ 

KEN (from 1., upwards) ^PHNON (^'^ ^^^^^ 

nead of Trajan r., laur. \ Palm-tree, with two clusters of fruit. 



TIBERIAS 

This city was a foundation of Herod Antipas, who used it as a mint. 
The Era loas reckoned as beginning in 20 a.d. 

hnperial Coinage 
Hadrian 



[ ]PIANW KAICC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 



TIB PE KA AVA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Nike 1., holding wreath and palm ; in 
field r., beneath, date. 

[Lor ET?]AP [ = 121 A.D.] 



Samaeia 

CAESAREIA 

Imperial Coinage 
Nero 



[N]EPI1N[AYT] KAIZEBAZT[0 

Z] (from 1., downwards) 

Head of Nero r., laur., in front, star. 



M -85 



KA1CAPI[A H nPOCjEEBACT 

0| _ _ _ (from 1., upwards) 
Astarte, turreted and wearing short 
chiton, standing 1., her r. foot planted 
on a prow ; she leans with 1. hand on 
sceptre, and holds in extended r. small 
human bust r. 

no date visible. 

[Plate lxxvii. 21.] 



* For Ptolemais-Acb, see supra, p. 248. 



N N 2 



276 



PALESTINE 



No. 



WEleHT 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Gaesareia was made a ' colonia ' by Vespasian, with the titles of ' Flavia, 
Prima, Augusta,' to which ' Felix ' was afterwards added. 



M 1 



M -85 



Trajan 



[IMP]CAESNERTRAIANO • oPA 
VGGERDACCo . _ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



--TRAIANO. 

Siniilar type. 



(from 1., upwards) 



COL • PRI ■ FL • AVG ■ CAESARE 

NSI (from 1., upwards) 

The Emperor (?), laureate and wearing 
toga, standing 1., holding cornucopiae 
in 1., and with. r. laying sacrifice on 
small portable altar. 



COL- PRI FL AVG CAESAREN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Nike 1., holding wreath and palm. 



Antoninus Pius 



IMP CAES ANTONINOAV[P]l- 
P • P ■ COS IV (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludanientum. 



M 1-2 



Col • PRIM (to 1., upwards) 
FL • AVG (to r., downwards) 

CAES AREA (in ex.) 
Tetrastyle temple, with akroteria; be- 
neath a central arch, Astarte standing 
1., precisely as on No. 1 ; to 1. and r. of 
her, between the other columns, two 
statues facing ; that on 1., appears to 
represent a male figure, naked, standing 
leaning with r. on spear, and holding 
drapery (?) on 1. arm; that on r., 
a female figure, head 1., wearing short 
chiton, and holding 1. hand on hip; 
the base of the temple is elaborately 
decorated; on gi-ound in front of it, 
and just to r. of Astarte, stands (or 
kneels ?) small figure extending un- 
certain object towards goddess. 

[Plate lxxvii. 22,] 



Faustina Junior 



FAVSTINA AVGVSTA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Faustina Junior r., draped. 



M '85 



COLPR[ ]CAESARE 

(from 1., upwards) 
Astarte, standing as on No. 1 ; behind, 
river-god, swimming r. 



CAESAREIA— NEAPOLIS 



277 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Macrinus 



M 1-2 



IMPCAEMA CRINVSAVG 

(from 1., upvpards) 
Bust of Macrinus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



CO[ ] FC- CAESAR 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing to front, head 1., with 
wings open and legs wide apart ; on its 
back and Avings it supports a wreath, 
within which, SPQR* 

[Plate lxxvii. 23.] 



Diadumenianus 



J5 -8 



[ ] CAE 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; head bare. 



[ ] FCCAESA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Sarapis r., wearing modius. 



M 1 



Trajanus Decius 



IMPCCMESS [-- -] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Trajanus Decius r., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



[ ] AVG • F C • CAES • METR 

[ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Athena (or Eoma), draped and wearing 
crested helmet, seated 1. on throne 
with back ; she holds on extended r. 
Nike r., and leans with 1. on spear ; 
beside her, round shield. 



NEAPOLIS 

The Era of NeapoUs dates from the year 72 a.d. 

Imiieriul Coinage 



Domitian 



_ . - - ZEBAZTOZ 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Domitian r., laur. 



2Q 1 j countermark, VH^ 



<|)AAoYI 
NEAnoA 
ZAMAPE 

beneath inscr., date ; all withm wreath 

of laurel. 
LEI [=87a.d.] 



i * This is, no doubt, the identical specimen figured and described by Haym {Tes. Brit., ii. 

Tab. xvii. 5, pp. 249f.). 



278 



PALESTINE 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Antoninus Pius 



AVTOK KAICAP ANTWNINOC 
C€BAC €VC€- 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



^ 1-5 



M 1-4 



AYTOKK ANTWNINOCC 

€B€YC€ 

(from r,, downwards) 
Bast of Antoninus Pius r., laur., 
wearing cnirass and paludamentum. 



<|)A • N€ACn OA€0aCCYPIAC- 
HA AAI CTINHC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Zens, naked to waist, seated to front on 
throne witli back, holding patera in 
outstretched r., and leaning with 1. on 
sceptre ;, on his r. stands Athena r., 
draped and helmeted, leaning with r. on 
spear and with 1. supporting shield 
which stands on ground beside her ; * 
on his 1., Hera 1., veiled and wearing 
long chiton, holding patera in out- 
stretched r. and sceptre in 1. 

[Plate lxxvii. 24.] 



[<l>A]N€ACnOA€ GJCC YPIACH 
AAAI CTINHC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Mount Gerizim, with its twin peaks, 
the higher being to r. ; at the foot of 
the hill is a long colonnade, with arches 
at end on r. ; from end on 1. a flight of 
steps rises straight to lower summit, on 
which is seen a temple, placed at ap 
angle, with fa9ade 1. ; from centre of 
colonnade, a road winds up to higher 
summit, which is likewise surmounted 
by a temple, smaller than the first, 
and having facade r. 



[Plate lxxvii. 25.] 



M. Aurelius 



- PHAIOCKAICAP €YC€BC€ [_ -]NeACnoA€CaC CYPIAC 



M 1 



(from 1., upwards) 
Head of M. Aurelius r., bare. 



(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Sarapis r., draped and wearing 
modius : in field, date. 



€T TTH [ = 160 A. D.] 



_ * The coin has been so double-struck that the figure of Athena is barely distin- 
guishable. •' 



NEAPOLIS 



279 



No. 



Weight 



Meial 
Size 



Obverse 



RnVEESE 



Commodus 



JE 



MAPAYP Ko/VAA\oA[- .] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Commodus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paladamentum. 



«f>A • N€AC CYPinA 

(from L, upwards) 
Cultus-statue of goddess resembling 
Artemis Epliesia ; she wears high head- 
dress and has fillets hanging down from 
each arm ; at her feet, two stags,* r. 
and 1. 



JE -65 



2E -9 



A\APAYPH KoAA/noA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Commodus r., laur. 



<|)AN€A no CYPnC- -] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Apollo, naked, standing to front, leaning 
with r. on long laurel- branch, and 
holding bow in 1. 

[Plate lxxvii. 26.] 



Diadumenianus 



- OHAN AIAA0VM€NIAN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Diadumenianus r., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; head bare. 



- - ACn OA€WC CVP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyohe, draped and wearing high head- 
dress, standing 1., leaning on rudder and 
holding cornucopiae. 



Ill the reign of Philip^ms Senior, Neapolis loas made a ' colonia,' loith 
the titles of ' Julia, Sergia.' 



Philippus Senior (?) 



^ 1-1 



IMPCMIVLPHILIP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior (?) r. , wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



COLIVL NEA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne with back, holding globe in 
extended r., and leaning with ]. on 
sceptre; at his feet, eagle I., looking 
back. 



(No. 8 is pierced.) 



Usually described as humped bulls, but on this specimen the stags' horns are distinct. 



280 



PALESTINE 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Oevbesb 



Eeterse 



Volusianus 



M 1 



AVT- KAI • roy €B(?) 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Volusianiis r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



M 7 



<t>A • N6AC noA€WC ■ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Mount Grerizim, only one peak visible; 
a colonnade runs along the whole foot 
of the hill ; from near its end to 1., a 
flight of steps rises straight to temple 
placed on summit, at an angle, and 
having fagade 1. ; to r. of temple, a 
large tree is growing ; beneath the 
whole, eagle standing to front, head 1., 
with wings wide apart so that the hill 
seems to rest upon their tips. 

[Plate lxxvii. 27.] 



Judaea 



ASOALOlSr 



Ascalon loas a royal mint under Alexandev the Great, and subsequently 

under the Seleucid Kings and the Ptolemies. The Era used on the 

following coins is reckoned as beginning in 104 B.C. 

Beomze 

First Centiirij B.C. 



Head of Tyche r., veiled and turreted ; 
border obscure. 



AZ (above) 
Galley 1. 



hnpericd Times 



Nero (?) 



CE (to r., downwards) 

Head of Nero (?) r., laur. ; in front, 
trident, upwards. 



M -76 



AC (to 1., upwards) 

Figure of male divinity standing three- 
quarter face towards 1. on low pedestal; 
he wears short chiton, and holds sword 
in raised r., branch and round shield 
in 1. 

[Plate lxxvii. 28.] 



Vespasi 



ZEBAZ TOE (from r., downwards) 
Head of Vespasian* r., laur. 



M -75 



AZ (on r., upwards) 

Similar type; no pedestal; to 1., down- 
wards, date. 



SOP [=74a.d.] 



The head is very youthful ; it might be that of Titus or of Domitian. 



JUDAEA 



281 



No. 



Weight 



Mktai. 
Size 



Obverse 



Kkvkese 



Titiis 



CEBAC (to I'., downwards) 
TOC (to 1., downwards) 
Head of Titus r., lanr. 



M -9 



ACKAAn (to 1., upwards) 

Tyche, draped and turreted, standing 1. 
on prow of galley ; she leans with r. on 
stylis (?), and holds aplustre in 1. ; in 
front, trident, upright ; behind, dove 1. ; 
beneath dove, date. 

BHP [ = 79 A.D.] 



JE -95 



JE -So 



M -55 



M -75 



TOC (behind, downwards) 
CEBAC (in front, downwards) 
Head of Domitian, laur. 

head 1. 
head r. 



ACK[ (to r., upwards) 

Head of Tyohe r., turret«d and veiled. 



Domitian 

Similar. 



QTTP [=86a.d.]; beneath date, B[ 

©TTP [= 86 A.D.] ; nothing visible 
beneath. 



Galley r. ; above, date. 
HMP [=95a.d.] 



Hadrian 



C (to r., downwards) 

Bust of Hadrian r., laurv 



ACKAA (to 1., upwards) 

Type similar to No. 3 ; in field r., date. 



AK[C] [=118a.d.] 



Antoninus Pius 



M -9 



ANTWN CeBACTOC 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r.. laur. 



ACK (to r., downwards) 

The Dioskouroi standing to front, side 
by side, with heads turned towards 
each other; each wears short chiton, 
chlamys and piles, and leans with 
outer hand on spear, point downwards, 
while grasping parazonium with inner 
one; above head of each, a star; in 
field above, between them, crescent up- 
wards ; to 1., upwards, date. 

6NC [ = 152 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxvii. 29.] 





282 



PALESTINE 



No. 



Weight 



5G-6 



47-5 



£)/•& 



Metal 
Size 



M -6 



/R -55 



M -8 



Obvebse 



Kevebse 



GAZA 

Fifth Century B.C. 

Silver 

Eaboio-Attic Standard 

The Bev. type and even the legend of the following coins {which are usually 

attributed to Gaza on grounds of provenance) are borrowed directly from Athenian 

models, a strong testimony to the popularity of the Athenian currency. 

After Alexander' s conquest Gaza became a royal mint. 

Drachms •* 



Janiform head; male head on 1., bearded 
and laur. ; female head on r., -wearing 
stephane and earring. 



AGE (to 1., upwards) 

Head of Athena r., wearing crested 
Athenian helmet ; the whole in deep 
incuse square. 



[Plate lxxvii. 30.] 



Circa 250—150 B.C. 

Bronze 

If the last letter be a date, the era used on the following coin is uncertain.* The 

Bev. legend suggests that the citizens of Gaza at one time called themselves 

StAevKeis, tohile retaining the original name of their iown.f 



Head of Tyche r., veiled and tnrreted ; 
border of dots. 



A 
AHMOY C€ (to r., downwards) 

rAIHG(?) (to 1., downwards) 

Zeus, laur. and naked to waist, standing 
1., holding wreath in raised r., and with 
1. rolled in his himation. 



[Plate lxxvii. 31.] 



* The Ebv. type recalls that employed on some of the 'municipal ' coinage of Antiochns 
IV. (see su;pra, p. 50, Noa. 58 £F.) ; but the style is rather better. 

t We should thus have a parallel for C€ ABI AHNX2N, and also for the puzzling 

ANTIOXEI2N TflN EN nXOAEMAIAI. De Sauloy's explanation of C€ 

as a date {Num. de la Terre-Sainte, p. 212) would throw these coins as late as the reign of 
M. Aurelius. a supposition which their style absolutely forbids. I hare examined the two 
similar specimens in the B.M. The reading on these is leas clear than on the Hunter coin. 

A 

M. Babelon has sent me a cast of Mionnet, Suppl. viii. 371, No. 45. It reads, AH M OY C€ | 
r AI A I I XiZN Ei— only the last two letters being at all doubtful. 



JUDAEA 



283 



No. 



Weight 



Metai, 
Size 



55 



M -55 



JEi '9 



M -85 



M -65 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Tiiiprriid Times 

Hie best-hioion Eva of Gam begins in 61 B.C. But on coins of Hadrian another 

method of reckoning is found, usually in combination loith the first. This second 

method dates from an era beginning with the visit of Hadrian in 129 a.d. The 

letters ETT or ETTI, which invariably follow a date of the second era, 

doid)tless refer to the ETTIST^^ma of the Emperor * 

Under Hadrian 



Traces of inscr. (to r.). Memo,t wearing 
sliorfc chiton, standing 1., holding long 
branch in r. and spear in 1. ; in field 1., 
beneath, Phoenician letter (?). 



_ - TPA AAPIAN 

(from L, upvtfards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



PAZA (to 1., upwards) 

Tree; to 1., downwards, date of 
Hadrianic Era; in field r., Mi 

B • En [=131 A.D.] 



PAZA (to 1., upwards) 

Female figure (Tjcheof City?), wearing 
modius, chiton, and peplos, standing 1., 
leaning with r. on sceptre, and holding 
cornucopiae in 1.; at her feet is seen 
forepart of bull standing 1. ; in field r., 
4i ; to r., downwards, date of Hadrianic 
Era ; in field 1., date of ordinary era. 



r- EHi 



Antoninus Pius 



B 
MP 



[=132 A.D.] 



[Plate lxxyiii. 2.] 



[- -]KAI[ ] ANTWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paladamentum. 



PAZ A (to 1., upwards) 

Similar type, with bull and 4j ; place 
of date, off coin. 



M. Aurelius 



- - ANT- 

r., laur. 



Head of M. Aurelius 



FAZA (to r,, downwards) 

Herakles,J naked, standing facing, 
leaning with r. on club, and holding 
lion's skin in 1. ; in field 1., Mf ; to I., 
upwards, date. 

AAC [=174a.d.] 



* Eckhel (D.N.V., iii,, p. 453) ingeniously explains r-ETTI'BSP as equivalent to BSP. 
Bat such an explanation could not be maintained in face of No. 4, or even in face of the 
arrangement of the letters on No. 5. 

t 'Meino' and 'Eio,' who figure on the coins of Gaza, are identical with Minos and lo. 
So popular was their cult that Mii/ii'T? and 'iduri were alternative names for the city. (Staph. 
Byz., s.v.) 

t There was a tradition that Gaza was founded by a son of Herakles. (Steph. Byz., s.v.) 

2 



234 



PALESTINE 



No. 



Weioht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revekse 



M -8 

M -7 



10 



M -9 



11 



12 



M -75 



^ -85 



A=] -9 



L. Verus 



Head of L. Yerus r., laur. 



OYHPOCKAI CAP 

(from r., downwards) 

OYHPOC KAICAP 

(from ]., upwards) 



rAZA (to 1., upwards) 

Similar to No. 6; to 1., downwards, 
date. 

AKC [=164a.d.] 
as preceding, witli S 



Commodus 



- - KA - - - - KOMM - - 

Youthful bust of Commodus r., laur. 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Eio, draped, r., extending her r. Land to 
clasp r. hand of Tyche of City, who 
advances I. to meet her, wearing high 
head-dress, chiton, and peplos, and 
holding cornucopiae in I. ; between 
them, i+i ; to I., upwards, €IW ; to r., 
downwards, TAZA ; in ex., date. 

/v\C [=180a.d.] 



lOVAl AAOMNA 

(from 1., upwards 
Bust of Julia Domna r., draped. 



Julia Domna 

Similar. 



ZEC [ = 207a.d.] 

[Plate lxxviii. 3.] 



lOVAIA MAICA- C 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Maesa r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 



Julia Maesa 

Similar to No. 8. 



€7" TTC [=220a.d.] 



NICOPOLIS-EMMADS 
Imperial Coinage 

The town of Emmaus recdved the name of Nicopolis in honour of the victory 
of Titus over the Jews. '' , . - ... 



Its era dates from the bestowal of the name (71 A.D.). 
M. Aurelius 



AYTOKPATOJP AYP 

(from I., upwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



N€IKO n O AITOJN 

(from ]., upwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated I. on 
throne without back, holding on ex- 
tended r. Nike 1., and leaning with 
I. on sceptre ; beneath, date. 

€T MA [=162a.d.] 

[Plati; lxxviii. 1.] 



JUDAEA 



285 



No. 



Weight 



2151 



1739 



Metal 
Size 



JR -95 



/R -85 



Obverse 



Revebse 



KINGS, PRINCES AND ROMAN PROCURATORS 
OF JUDAEA* 

A. Hasmonaean Family 

SIMON MACCABAEUS 

143—135 B.C. 

There are no early Jewish coins. The people had been carried into captivity hefore 
the invention of coining reached Palestine. On their return they doubtless made use 
of the money of the Phoenician cities. The first coins struclc at Jerusalem were 
shekels and half- shekels of the following types. They are dated, not from the 
granting of autonomy by Demetrius II. (143 B.C.), but from the granting of complete 
autonomy by Antiochus VII. in 138 B.C., lohen Simon loas expressly accorded the 
privilege of striking money with his own dies.'\ This coinage lasted for five years, 
and came to an end in 134 B.C., when Jerusalem surrendered to Antiochus. 

SlIiVEE 

Phoenician Standard 
Shekels 



If^ W^/- *P W (from r., upwards) 
Chalice, with broad rim; above, date; 
border of dots. 



^W [==137 B.C.] 
as preceding. 



(from r., upwards) 
Flowering lily, with three blooms ; 
border of dots. 



[Plate lxxviii. 4.] 

(No. 2 is very maoh worn.) 



* In dealing with this section, I have made much use of the recently published English 
edition of M. Theod. Eeinach's moat interesting Jewish Coins. It will be seen that I have 
followed hia change of view in regard to the thorniest of all questions of Jewish numis- 
matics. His historical and general arguments seem to me very strong ; but I confess that 
the style and fabric of the coins still remain a difficulty. 

•j- "I give thee leave alao to coin money for thy country with thine own stamp."— 
(1 Maccabees xv. 6.) 



286 



PALESTINE 



No. 



Weight 



Metai. 
Size 



29 



M -6 



32-5 



29-5 



20-5 



M -55 



JE -6 



M -5 



Obteese 



Revbkse 



JUDAS 

Circa 



ARISTOBOULOS 
104—103 B.C. 



After the victory of Antiochus [wJw himself striiclc bronze coins at Jerusalem circa 
132 B.C.*), tlie Jews again became dependent on their neighbours for a silver 
currency, notably, after 126 B.C., on the Tyrians. Simon had been assassinated 
in 135 B.C. Under his successor, John Hyrcanus (135 — 104 B.C.), small bronze 
pieces, for local circulation, began to be minted. They were issued in the name 
of the ruling prince as high-priest, and of the ' commonioealth ' f of the Jews. 



Two cornuacopiae, filleted, r. and 1., united 
at the foot; between, a poppy-Lead; 
border of dots. 



H^'V All -within wreath of laurel, t 



ALEXANDER JANNAEUS 



Circa 103 — 76 B.C. 
Bronze 
Jannaeus continued the issue of pontifical coins, but he also struck 



Alexandei 

regal pieces which have a bilingual inscription, and on which he assumes 
in Hebrew and Greek, the title of ' Eiiig ' (^Nos. 4 ff.). 



Two cornuacopiae, filleted, r. and 1., united 
at the foot; between, a poppy-head; 
border of dots. 



(a) Pontifical Coins § 



Hebrew inscription in archaic letters; || all 
within wreath of laurel. 

'[^^ 
:^y+y 



yY:3'V 

rt]^Ai:^y 



* See sujpra, p. 83, No. 55. 
_ t This is M. Eeinach's rendering of Cheher. It agrees substantially with Cavedonj's 
'o/Z mt" Yol'm 425°' "^ ""' '^'"" ^^^^^^' ^' '^^' """"^ K«°°«'iy. ™ Hastings' Diet. 

t The legend appears to be blundered as well as defective. The third letter is cleiTrly 
not vau. It may be that it is meant for daleth, and that the engraver, discovering his 
omission, subsequently inserted a ^au in the wrong place. But the letter here printed as vau 
IS obscure. ^ 

§ For the sake of continuity these are placed first ; but some of them are certainly 

A„„ mIZ '■^■'^ V ''°'''' 7;^^ ^^^ *yP^' °* No. 4, on which they are often restruck 

(bee Madden, op. cit., pp. 86 f.) 

II I cannot read the fourth letter on No. 1 otherwise than as a Greek N. The following 
iau 18 doubtful. Indeed, all the letters are badly cnt, and the reading uncertain. 



JUDAEA 



287 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



B^EVBRBE 



41-5 



M -SS 



6 
6 

7t 



51 
49 
41-5 



^ -6 

M -65 
JH -65 



118-5 



21 



M -7 



M -7 



(/8) Begal Coins 



[BAZIAEnZA]AEIANA[POY] 

Anchor, withia plain circle ; anchor 
has double bar. 



(from above, tovsrards 1.) 
Half-opened flovcer ; border of dots. 



[Plate Lxxviir. 5.] 



BAZIAEnZAAEZANAP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Anchor, with double bar and bell-like 
extremity ; border of dots. 



Hebrew inscr., in archaic letters, between 
the eight spokes of a wheel.* 



'3 /. ^ 13 y + 

:d /."ij ■:3 y+ y^ ^ -v 
':3 1 y ^ y • • • ^ '^^ 



ANTIGONUS 



Circa 40—37 B.C. 



After Alexander's death liis leidow, Alexandra, continued to issue regal hronxe with 
his types. But the Jews were prohably deprived even of this small privilege lohen 
their country passed definitely under Roman protection (64 B.C.). The last Hasmo- 
naean prince loas Antigonus, loho, loith Parthian support, succeeded %n seizing the 
chief power, and holding it for a brief period against Herod and the Bomans. 



Bronze 



Greek inscr., within wreath. 



BACIA 

ANTiro 

NOV 

BACIA 

AN - - 



Inscr., in archaic Hebrew letters, from 1., 
upwards. Comucopiae. 

y-g .1^++"^! 



'v++y 



in all early Jewish coins. j. i, 4.1 

+ On No 7 the Obv type is relegated to what one would naturally suppose to be the 

fian was placed between them ? _, . 

connected rowB, is often noticeable on Seleucid and Ptolemaic bronze coins. 



288 



PALESTINE 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



B. Idumaean Pkinces 



HEEOD THE GEEAT 

Circa 37 — 4 B.C. 

Herod, son of Antipater, had, through the support of the Romans, acquired great 
power and influence in Judaea. When the troubles with Antigonus became acute 
(40 B.C.), he loas recognised as 'King.' With the aid of Sosius, he captured Jerusalem 
from Antigonus in 37 B.C., and jiermanently established himself as ruler. As a 
vassal of Borne he struck only bronze. It is notable that the inscriptions on the 
coins of^ this dynasty are exclusively Greek, indicating the advance of Hellenic 
influence. At flrst the types conform to the Second Commandment. 



Bkonze 



25-5 



M -55 



BALI HPU) (from r., downwards) 
Anchor, with ring on top and double 
bar ; border of dots. 



Two cornuacopiae, 1. and r., joined at 
lower ends ; between them, cadaceus 
upright ; border of dots. 



HEROD AECHELAUS 

Circa 4 B.C. — 6 a.d. 

Aft^r tl,e_ death of Herod I. his kingdom loas divided. One half (chiefly Judaea 
Samcmaand Idnmaea) fell to Archelaus, though not the eldest son. Augustus ' 
granted him the title ' ethnarch.' In consequence of misrule, he teas exiled 
and his territory administered directly by Roman procurators, 
for whose coins see pp. 292 f. 



BfiONZB 



1 

2* 



30-5 
44 



M -65 
M -65 



HPCO AOY (from above, towards r.) 
Bunch of grapes, with leaf 1. ; border 
of dots. 



G0 (from beneath, towards 1.) 

Helmet, with check-pieces, and plumes 
which fall down on either side ; in field 
I., beneath, small caduceus ; border of 
dots. 

caduceus obscure. 



[Plate lxxviii. 6.] 



No. 2 has the peculiarity noted above under Alexander Jannaeus, No. 1 (p. 287). 



JUDAEA 



289 



No. 



2 

3| 

4 

5 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



164-; 



46 

32-5 

40 

34-5 

40-5 



M -85 



M -7 

M -7 
M -7 
M -7 
M -7 



Obveesb 



Reverse 



HEROD ANTIPAS 
Circa 4 B.C. — 40 a.d. 

Mn'Tnlll ^'''VofEerodtU G,eafs Mngdom was divided between PUlip IT. 
(who \y kfta few cotns-) and Herod Antipas, ' the Tetrarch.' The share 
of the latter was Galilee and Peraea. His coins bear the name 
of the new capital, which he founded. 



within wreath of ]aui-el. 



BfiONZE 

HPWAOY TGTPAPXOY TIBG 

, . (from ]., upwards) RIAC 

Jr'alm-branch ; in field, regnal year ; 
border of dots. 

Z /r [=29 A.D.] 



HEROD AGRIPPA I. 

Circa 37 — 44 a.d. 

Agrippa I., grandson of Herod the Great, loas made a 'King' by Caligula immediately 

upon his accession. His dominions were extended by Claudius. The following 

pieces, of which the great majority, if not all, belong to the same year, 

appear to have been issued immediately after the increase in Us power. 



Beokze 



Three ears of corn, springing from one 
stalk ; in field, regnal year ; border of 
dots. 



BACIAGWCArPIHA 

(from r., downwards) 
Umbrella, with hanging fringe ; border 
of dots. 



[Plate lxxviii. 7.] 



L 5" [=41 B.C.] t 

as preceding, 
as preceding, 
as preceding, 
date obscure. 



* These are remarkable ag being the first "unorthodox" pieces in the Jewish series: 
they have "graven images" of Augustus and Tiberius. See Madden, Coins oj the Jens 
(2ud edition, 1881), p. 125. 

t For proof of the correspondence of this with Herod's "Year 6," see Reichardt in 
Num. Chron., 1862, p. 272. 

J Nos. 3-5 have the peculiarity noted above under Alexaxler Jannaeus, No. 7 (p. 287J. 

V P 



290 



PALESTINE 




Eeverse 



AGRIPPA I. AND AGRIPPA II. 

Agrijjpa I. followed the examide of his predecessor, Philip II., and struck a number 

of ' unorthodox ' pieces {see supra, p. 289, footnote). The following loas 

issued in the joint names of himself and his son. 



[B]AciAEYC ArpinnA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Agrippa I. r., diademed; 
border of do la. 



[Arpi]nnAYioYBAi:[ ] 

(from. 1., upwards) 
Agrippa II. as youth, on horseback, 
galloping r., raising his r. hand ; be- 
neath, traces of date ;* border of dots. 



[Plate lxxviii. 8.] 



AGRIPPA II. 

Circa 48—100 A.D-t 

When Agrippa I. died, his son was considered too young to exercise royal power. 
But four years later Claudius conferred on him the hingdom of Chalcis, p>reciously 
held by his uncle. It is in this year (48 a.d.) that tJie first of the two eras used 
ipon his coins is reckoned as commencing. In 53 a.d. he exchanged Chalcis for a 
vjider dominion. In 54-55 a.d. the limits of this latter loere extended by Nero, and 
Vespasian made further additions. His second era comrnoices in 60 A.D., about 
which time he enlarged the city of Caesarea Panias, changing its name to Neronias. 

No. 1 was struck there. 

Under Nero 

This scries loas struck in three denomhiations.X It is modelled on a group 



190'5 



M -95 



_ _ _ - BAZTOZ 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Nero r., laur. 



E n I Within plain circle ; the 

BACIAE whole enclosed by laurel- 
ArPinn wreath. 

NEpn 

NIE 



* Possibly LBi as given by Sestini, Lett. Num. Cont., vi., p. 103, No. 2. It is worth 
noting that this is withont doubt the identical specimen described by Wise, Numm. Antiq. 
Serin. Boil., p. 118. The Bosanqnet coins were bought by Hunter. 

t This is the date usually given (on the authority of Photius). But see Carl Erbes in 
Zeitschr. far wissensch. Theolo'jie, 1896, pp. 41.5 ff., where Agrippa'g death-year is placed in 
86 A.D., a view which is not necessarily inconsistent with the numismatic evidence (see 
infra) . 

X See Madden, Coins of the Jeu-s, 1881, p. 145, for examples. 
§ Cf. swpra, p. 154, No. 95. 



JUDAEA 



291 



No. 



Weight 



Metai, 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



242 



JE l-Oo 



Under Vespasian 
The follow;,^ represent the chief series of Agrippa's coins. Issues took place in at 
least four chfereiU years under Vespasian, two under Titus, and tioo under Domitlan 
llie ICeo. types characteristic of each denomination remain unchanged throughout 
inder the first of the three emperors, the head of Vespasian is placed on the Ohv 
of the highest denomina/ Ion, that of Titus on the Ohv. of the intermediate one, and 
that ofBomitian on the Ohv. of the lowest.* No. 3 is dated from the Second Era, 
all the others from the First. 

Highest Denomination 



AVTO[---]Nn KAICAPIC€BA 

T XI t {stc) (from r., downwards) 
Head of Vespasian r., lanr. 



Tyche standing to front, Lead 1., holding 
ears of corn and cornucopiae ; in field, 

ET ReBA 
ArPI TIUA 

[77 A.D.] 



181-6 



206 



^ -8 



102 



125 



M -9 



Zi -8 



M -8 



AYTOKP[- _ ] [ ] 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Titus r., lanr. 



AYTOKPTITO[ - -]CAPC€ 

BAC (from r., downwards) 

Bust of Titus r., lanr., wearing cuirass 



Intermediate Denomination 

Nike marohino' r 



and paludamentum. 



holding wreath and 
palm; infield, ^JA ,^8A^j | 

[74 A.D.] 



Similar; but, in field, ; ^.O "^^^^ 



[74 A.D.] 



Lowest Denomination 



AOMITIANOC KAICAP 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Domitian r., lanr. 



Similar; style different. 



Nike, standing r., writing upon round 
shield which she holds in 1. ; around, 
from 1., upwards, ETOKSBA ATP 
ITTTTA ; to r. of shield, a star. 



[74A.D.] 



Similar, with 
no star. 



[Plate Lxxvin. 9.] 

- - BACI ATPin; 



* The application of this principle clears away many of the difficulties that have hitherto 
surrounded the dates on the coins of Agrippa II. Under Titus the head of Vespasian 
disappeared from the highest denomination (Madden, op. cit., p. 153, No. 4), and under 
Domitian the head of Titus was similarly displaced both on the highest and on the intermediate 
one {Ihid., p. 156, No. 5, and p. 159, Nos. 20 f.). Under Claudius and Nero the First Era is 
used. In the earliest issue under Vespasian (74 A. v.) a fitful attempt was made to introduce 
the Second Era, both systems being employed in that year. The First Bra alone was used 
in 75 and in 77 a.d. But in 78 a.d. it was definitely superseded by the Second Era, and was 
not used again, except possibly on Madden p. 159, Nos. 19 — 21, which may thus belong either 
to 83 a.d. or to 95 a.d. 

t It is worth noting that the name of Vespasian is always in the dative on this series, 
those of his sons in the nominative. 

J Tlie use of L for ET on certain coins of this year, associated with the spelling 
ArPITTOY and with a more lumpy fabric, may indicate a diflerence of mint. 

P P 2 



292 



PALESTINE 



No. 



2 
3 



4 
5 



Weight 



34-5 

29 
34-5 



32'5 
32 



40 
SO 



38-5 



Metal 
Size 



JE -65 

M -6 
M -7 



M -6 
M -65 



M -6 

^ -7 



iE -65 



Obverse 



Eevisbse 



ROMAN PROCURATORS OF JUDAEA 



Bkonze 

After the banishment of Archelaus in 6 A.D., Judaea was reduced to the status of a 
proviuctal territory by the Iioiiiaiis, and administered by procurators. It was 
incorporated in the h'ngdovi of Agrippa I. in 41 a.d. ; but on his death, in 44 A.D., 
it became a territory once more, and so continued until the First Bevolt. The bronze 
coins struch by the procurators for local circulation conformed strictly to Pharisaic 
orthodoxy. They are dated according to the regnal years of the emperors. 



Under Augustus 



KAICA POC (from 1., upwards) 
Palm-braiich. 



Palm-tree, with two clusters of fruit : 
in field, date. 



L Ae [=8 A.D.]* 
[Plate lxxviii. 10.] 

L A\ [=9a.d.] 
L MA [ = 10a.d.] 



Under Tiberius 



TIB All within wreath of laurel. 
KAI 
CAP 



Wreath of laurel, in centre of which, 
date. 

LIH [=32a.d.] 

as preceding. 



loY AIA, 



Palm-branch ; in field, 
beneath which, date. 

L G [=19 A.D.] 

as preceding. 



TIBGPIOY KAICAPOC 

(from I., upwards) 
Lituus ; border of dots. 



(title off coin.) 



Under Claudius 



lOY All within wreath of laurel 
AlAAr 

pinni 

NA 



[TIKA]AYAIOCKAlCAPrGP[M] 

(from r., downwards) 
Two palm-branches, crossed; in field 
beneath, date. 

LIA [=54 A.D.] 



* See Pick, Zur Titulatur der Flavier, in Z.f.N. xiv n 107 n,,^ v. t n a 

(Lips:ae, Jmcccxc), pp. 28 if. ■"•j-^'m iiv., p. dV7, and Ivaestner, Ve Aeri 



JUDAEA 



293 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



37 



.E -7 



10 
11* 



35 
34 



M -65 
M -6 



39-5 



M -65 

(base) 



2 
3 
4 
5 



62 
48-5 
44 
33 



^ -7 
^ -7 
^ -65 
M -65 



Obverse 



N€P WKAAYKAI CAP (around) 
Two shields and two javelins placed 
crosswise. 



Revebse 



BRIT (above) 

K A I (beneath) 

Palm-tree, with two clusters of fruit ; 
in field, date. 

L lA [=54a.d.] • 



Under Nero 



NGP All within wreath of laurel. 
0) NO 
O 



last letter obscure. 



KAIC APOC, preceded by date 

(from 1., upwards) 
Palm-branch. 

L- G [=59a.d.] 

date obscure. 



FIRST REVOLT AGAINST ROME 

In the early summer of 66 a.d. the great Jewish war hrolce out. Until the end 

of the third year the money issued by the rebels was uniform in loeight and type. 

It is dated from an era beginning in the autumn of 66 A.D.f 

Second Year (67—68 a.d.) 
Silver I 



(from 1., downwards) 
Chalice, with broad rim and two 
handles ; border of dots. 



(from 1., downwards) 
Vine-leaf, with tendrils ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxviii. 11.] 

Bronze 

Similar. 



* No. 11 has the peculiarity noted above under Alexander JaNNAeus, No. 7 (p. 257). 

t Almost without exception the pieces bear conspicuous traces of the blanks having 
been originally cast in rows. See Bupra, p. 287, Nos. 1 f. 

I The specific gravity of this piece is 9-25. This would indicate, roughly, about 20 
per cent, of silver. The existence of base silver coins of this epoch, with types corresponding 
to the bronze, is not without a bearing on the attribution of the "Shekels of Israel" {vide 
supra, p. 285, Nos. 1 f.). 



294 



PALESTINE 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvbkse 



P.EVEBSB 



6* 

7 

8 

9 

]0 



11 



12 
13 
14 
15 
16 

17 
18 
19 
20 
21 



52 

46-5 
40-6 
31 
22 



29 



107 
101 
95 

82-5 

87 

80 

78-5 

69-5 

61-5 

85 



^ -66 

M '75 
JE -7 
M -65 
M -65 



M -65 



JE 

M 
JE 

M 

M 

M 

M 
M ■ 



•75 
•75 
•85 



•75 
•8 
•7 
75 



[Plate lxxviii. 12.] 



Third Year (68-69 a.d.) 
Beonze 

Similar. 



(from 1., doAvn wards) 
Chalice, with two handles and cover. 



Fourth Year (69—70 A.D.) 

Burhig this year the Jewx were besieged in JcrusuJem. In addition to the folloioinq 

divisions, perhaps of the shekel, loere issued in bronze as a money of necessity I 

The Bev. types refer to the ceremonial connected with the feast of Tabernacles 



(from r., upwards) 
Cup, with beaded rim ; border of dots. 



o^9 JC' + yw 

(from r., upwards) 
Bunch of twigs fastened together (lulab); 
on either side, a citron [ethrog) . 



[Plate lxxviii. 13.] 



No.*7'(p"28^."'^"' ''°-'' ^" ^^-*'^^P-"l-%-t'3<i above under AlexakbebJannaehs, 
t See Eeiuach, Jewish Goine, pp. 43 f. 



JUDAEA 



295 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



M -86 



225-3 



-R 1 



Obverse 



Ee VERSE 



FIRST REVOLT SUPPRESSED 

TJie successful suppression of the great revolt hy Vespasian, and ultimately hy Titus, 
teas celebrated by the strilcing of coins both at Rome and in Palestine. 

Titus 
Bronze 



AY 



(from r., downwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur. 



AYTOKP.ITO CKAICAP 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar type. 



lOVAAIA ZE [AAfiKVIAS] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Trophy on pole; to 1., Judaea captive, 
seated 1., witli head bent forward and 
hands tied behind back ; to r., pelta. 

[Plate lxxviii. 14.] 

lOVAAIAZEAA HKYIAZ 

Nike standing r., placing her r. foot 
on helmet, and supporting on 1. knee 
a shield on which she is writing ; 
in front of her, palm-tree. 



SECOND REVOLT AGAINST ROME 

Under Hadrian the Jews once more revolted, and for three years (132 — 135 A.D.) 

maintained a fierce struggle. The leader during the first year ivas a certain 

Eleazar, whose name occurs on No. 5. Later it was Simon Barcochba, whose name 

appears on Nos. 2—4 ayid Nos. 6 — 9. The occurrence of the name ' Jerusalem,' 

as on Nos. 1 and 10, may indicate that the insurgents loere in possession 

of the ruins of the city for a time, lohile the Obv. type of No. 1 

perhaps holds up as an ideal the rebuilding^ of the Temple.* It 

is signifi.ccmt that the lohole of the silver coinage is restruch.f 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

T etradrachm 

Year 2 [= 134 A.D.] 

ytW VIJ^ (from r., upwards) t'^'lW'V IBf-^VS/ 

Conventional representation of the (from r., upwards) 

Temple, consisting of four pillars Lulab, to 1. of which, ethrog. 

resting on a small colonnade and 
surmounted by an entablature ; be- 
tween central pillars, a beaded portico 
or shrine. 

[Plate lxxviii. 15.] 

* On both pointa see Th. Rehiach, Jewish Cuius, piD. 53 f. 

t Of the specimens hero catalogued, all, except possibly the tetradrachm, show very- 
obvious traces of the process. No. 3 is probably, and No. 4 is certainly, restruck on a 
drachm of Caesarea in Cappadooia. The latter retains on the Obv. a clear outline of the 
head of Trajan, as well as the letters AIANC€Br€PM, and on the Eev. YrTATS" ■ 
It should be added that tbe way in which the edges of the silver coins of this epoch are 
hammered is characteristic. Another remarkable point is the accuracy with which the 
dies are adjusted towards one another. It is this (along with the inscr.) that justifies 
the description of the bunch of grapes on Nos. 3 £f. as "inverted." 



296 



PALESTINE 



No, 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Draclinis 








No date 


2 


35 


M -7 


\y (a) All within wreath. 


"^U +AqBl. 

(from r., upwards) 
Ewer r. ; in front, a palm- branch. 








(No. 2 is pierced.) 


3 


48-2 


M -7 


yAo "iJ Ca) (from r., upwards) 

Bunch of grapes with tendrils, inverted. 


•i^t-wA^lo^ +A<1B^ 

(from r., upwards) 
Palm-branch. 


4 


46-3 


M -7 












[Plate lxxviii. 16.] 








Bronze 








The hronze coins belong to two denominations, one of loMch is double 

of tJie other. 








Year 1 [ = 133 A.D.] 


5 


76 


M -7 


(from r., upwards) 
Bunch of grapes with tendrils and leaf 
r., inverted. 


Palm-tree; infield, "^J O P- 1> 

FT -^^ 








Year 2 [=134 A.D.] 








(from r., upwards) 
Vine-leaf inverted. 


Palm-tree; infield, ^ o^^ 


6 


161 


M -95 




inscr. obscure. 


7 


165 


M -95 




>> j> 








No date 








■^tCJA'I'V +AqBi. 

(from r., upwards) 
Similar. 


Similar, with ^ O »y CJ 


8 


U-2 


JE 1 


inscr. partly off coin. 




9 


141-5 


M 1 


(No. 8 is pierced.) 

^+ /|s q Bt 

[Plate lxxviii. 17.] 


10 


79 


JE -75 


--AS'V +AqB/, 

(from r., upwards) 
Bunch of grapes, inverted. 


Palm-tree ; in field, "=y S T, 



JUDAEA— ARABIA 



297 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



123-5 

119-5 
97 



45-5 



M -8 

M -76 
M -8 



JE -55 



AEABIA 



KINGS OF NABATHAEA* 



ARETAS III. 



Circa 87—62 B.C. 



It was wlien the empires of the Seleticidae and the Ptolemies loere breaking up 

that the kingdom of Nabafhaea first rose into importance. About 85 n.c. Aretas 

succeeded in occupying Damascus, where the following were probably struck. 



Bkonze 



Head of Aretas III. r., diademed. 



AP (?) 
[Plate lxxviii. 18.] 



BAZIAEnZt 



(to r., downwards) 



APETOY 
4>IAE AAHNOZ (to 1., downwards) 

Tyche, draped and turreted, seated 1. 
on rock of conventional form, from 
which issues river-god, swimming to 
front ; she stretches out r. hand and 
holds cornucopiae in 1. ; in field 1., 
outside inscr., letters or monogram ; 
border of dots. 



Similar. 



AP (?) 

AP (<|)IA EAAHNOZ) 



[BA]ZIAEn[Z] (to r., downwards) 
APE Toy (to 1., downwards) 

Female figure, draped, standing 1, 
holding patera in outstretched r., and 
leaning with 1. on sceptre; to ]., 
outside inscr., ^ (?) 



» The most full and recent account of these coins is the article of M. Reng Dussaud in the 
•"^r Neifhfr*r'flr'?*k??-the'l!st Une of the inscr. is fully legible on any of the specimens 
here described. 



VOL. ui. 



298 



AEABIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



71-6 

64 
60-5 

58-5 
57-5 



49 

48 
46 
39-5 



M -75 

M -7 

M -65 

M -7 
JE -7 



JE -65 

M -66 
M -6 



AEETAS IV. 

Circa 9 B.C. — 40 a.d. 

This Mng bore the surname of Philopatris. Tlie liev. inscr. gives his own name 
and that of his wife. 



Heads of Aretas IV. and Queen Sequilat, 
jugate, r. ; the King has long hair, 
which is bonnd by a laurel- wreath ; in 
front, Nabathaean letter ; border of 
dots. 



Bronze 



c O f (™ field, above) 
h Jl (in field, beneath) 

Two cornuacopiae, in saltire; border 
of dots. 



[Plate lxxvui. 19.] 



letter obscure, 
letter off flan. 



EABBBL II. 

Circa 71—106 a.d * 

Bronze 

The ner. inscription again gives the names of the king and his queen. 



Busts, draped, of Rabbel II. and Queen 
Gemilath, jugate, r. ; the king wears 
long hair, which is bound by lanrel- 
wreath : border of dots. 



lT jyj ' (in field, above) 

Two cornuacopiae, in saltire ; border of 
dots. 



[Plate lxxvui. 20.] 



Appendix II. gives a full summary of what i Anoin regardin'g ^hl'^^^a^hatan m 'narl^h^.^ 



BOSTRA 



299 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -85 



M -7 



^ 7 
M -6 



M 11 



ARABIA PETRAEA 

BOSTRA 

Bronze 

Colonial Coinage 

The games mentioned on No. 5 were celebrated in honour of the Arabian god _ 
Busares, who is possibly represented on the Bev. of Nos. 3 and 4.* 

Julia Mamaea 



IVLIAMAMAEA AVGVSTA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Mamaea r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 



Similar, with IVLIAMAMAE AAV 
GVSTA 



Similar to No. 1. 



inscr. partly off coin. 



COLONIABO STRA 

(from 1 , upwards) 
Bust of Tyche of City 1., draped and 
turreted ; at her back, coruucopiae. 



COLON I A B OSTRA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Statue of Marsyas r., with r. hand 
raised and wine-skin over 1. shoulder ; 
wears boots. 



COLONIAB OSTRA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of male divinity r., draped, 
having ram's horns, and wearing globe 
as head-dress. 

inscr. partly off coin. 

J) " 

[Plate lxxviii. 21.] 



Philippus Junior 



MARCIVLPHILIPPOSCESAR 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bast of Philippus Junior r., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



COLMETROPOLIS BOSTRA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Laurel-wreath ; within which, AKTI 

AAOV 
CAPIA 



* See Dussaud in Bev. Num., 1904, pp. 171 ff. 



Q Q 2 



300 



ARABIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



ESBUS 

Imperial Coinage 

This city struck coins only during the reign of Elagahalus. 

AVP6CB OVC 



M 1-05 



M -6 



iE 1-05 



AVTCMAVP- AN [ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., radiate, wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



(from 1., upwards) 
Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on 
throne with low back ; he holds patera 
in extended r., and leans with 1. on 
sceptre. 

in ex., traces of letters (?). 

[Plate Lxxvia. 22.] 



PETRA 

It was, doubtless, at Petra thai the coins of the later Nahathaean hings loere 
struck. The imjxrial coins begin under Hadrian. 

Imperial Cuiiuige 

Antoninus Pius 



Inscr. illegible. Head of Antoninus Pius 
r., laur. 



n€TPA All within wreath of laurel. 
MHTPO 
nOAIC 



PHILIPPOPOLIS 

This cityAoas founded by Philippus Senior, himself a native of Arabi 

Colonial Coinage 

Philippus Junior 



AVTOKKAMIOVAI<t)IAinnOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Philippus Junior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



^lAinnonoAiTHN koahni 

AC (from 1., upwards) 

Roma, wearing crested helmet and chiton, 
and having peplos over knees, seated 1. 
on low chair, against which her shield 
rests ; she leans with 1. on spear, and 
holds on extended r. eagle 1., with 
wings half open, and having two small 
fagures on his back ; in field, S C 

[Plate lxxviii. 23.] 



CARRHAE 



301 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



JE -65 



M -95 



M -8 



M -85 



M -9 



MESOPOTAMIA 



CAERHAE 

The coin-tijpes of Garrhae are significant of the popularitij of the worship 
of the sun and moon. The foundation of the ' colonia ' dates from the 
reign of M. Aurelitis. The legend on the Rev. of No. 3 shows that 
Garrhae toot its title of ' Aurelia ' from Verus, under whose leadership the 
Soman conquest of Mesopotamia was effected. 

Imperial Goinage 
L. Verus 



-- KAI AOYK AVHOVHPOC 

{sic, from 1., upwards) 
Bust of L. Verus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



KAPHNCON«|)IAOPCOM _ _ (ON 

(from 1., upwai'ds) 
Crescent, with horns upwards, placed 
upon a globe which rests on a basis 
of two stages. 



Septimius Severus 



[_ _]v ccnriMiocc €[ ] 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur. 



KOA AVbH AIA >IA - - 

(from r., downwards) 
Tetrastyle temple ; between each set of 
pillars, cultus- statue surmounted by 
crescent ; from each crescent long fillets 
hang down on either side of the cultus- 
statue beneath it ; in pediment, crescent 
resting upon cushion (?). 



[Plate lxxyiii. 24.]^ 



AVTKAIC ]€OYHPOC 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Septimius Severus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



K AV - - 0[V]KIOC€nTI 

A\IOC (su', from 1., upwards) 
Similar. 



AC6TTTC [ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



AOVKIA A[ ] KAPPA 

(from above, towards r.) 
Crescent upwards, upon cushion ; 
between the horns, star of six rays. 

[Plate lxxyiii. 25.] 

KOAOJNIA PHAIAKAPPA 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Similar type. 



KOAa)N[ ] AKAPPA 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Similar type. 



* Of. the coin described (tmder 'Aelia Capitolina ') by Mionnet, v., p. 520, No. 24. 



302 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



Weight 



Mktai, 
Size 



Obverse 



Eevekse 



10 



11 



12 



13 



14 

15 
16 



Caracalla 



A\AVPANT[- 



^ '75 



M -75 



-] NOC 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paladamentum. 



Inscr. from r., downwards. Bust of 
Caracalla r., laur. 

MAVRANTO [ ] 



^ -75 /^AVRANTO NIN [ ] 



M -75 



M -75 



ANTON 

Similar. 
AAAVRA 



M -65 

M -6 
M -55 



Similar. 

A\AVRANT ONIN VSPFAVG 



Similar. 



ANTONINVS _ . 
ANTONINVS - . 



KOAA\HTPOnKAPP 

(from r., downwards) 
Crescent, upwards; between horns, 
star of eight rays. 



Inscr. from r., downwards. Bust of Tyche 
of City r., draped, veiled, and turreted. 

COL/v\€TANTO NINIANAAV 



COLAA6TANT ONINIANAAV 
R 

[Plate lxxviii. 26.] 

COLA\€TANTONINIANA 



Similar ; in front, cornucopias. 
[ ]NTO NINIANAAV 



Similar ; in front, (?) 

COLAA6T - - N TONINIANA 



Similar ; nothing in front. 

COLAVRM . . . OLIANTONINI 
ANA 

COI-AVRMET ROPOLIANTON 



Elagabalus 



M -8 



M -75 
M -8 



Inscr., from 1., upwards. Bust of Elaga- 
balus r., radiate, wearing cuirass and 
paludamentum . 



AVKAAA - 



NTGJN6 - . 



AVKAA\ . . TWN6INOC 

AANTWN6INOC 



KAPKOAMHTPOnOAIC 

^ ^ (from 1., upwards) 

Crescent upwai-ds, resting on globe, and 
having eight-rayed star between horns • 
the whole placed on pedestal ; two fillets 
hang down over globe and pedestal. 

[Plate lxxviii. 27.] 



CARRHAE 



303 



No. 



Weight 



17 



Metal 
Size 



M -65 



18 



19 



20 



Obverse 



Reverse 



AK- ANTWNCI (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., radiate. 



KAPKOMTT (from 1., upwards) 

Crescent upwards, having star of six 
rays between its horns, and resting 
ou very small globe, to which are 
attached two fillets. 



Severus Alexander 



JE -85 



M -85 



21 



M 1-2 



^ 105 



AVTK[M]ACAA €I:ANAP0 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



[ ] [. -IPPHNWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche of City, draped and turreted, 
seated I. on rock, holding ears of corn 
in outstretched r., and leaning with 
1. on rock ; at her feet, river-god 
swimming ; in front, small altar, 
lighted. 



(No. 18 is pierced.) 



AVKM[ ]ANAPOC 

Bust of Severus Alexander 1., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



KAPKMH /v\€CCOTT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; in field 1., A 

[Plate lxxviii. 28.] 



Gordian III. 
A marked improvement iioio appears in the execution and style of the coins. 



AVTOK KM ANTrOPAIANOCC€ 

B (from 1., upwards) 

Bast of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum.. 



Similar ; but bust radiate. 



M HTPKOAKAPPHNGJN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tyche of City 1., draped, veiled, 
and turreted ; above her head, crescent 
upwards ; in front, column, on which 
stands statue* (of Aquarius?) r., 
raising r. hand, and holding water- 
skin (?) over 1. shoulder. 

[Plate lxxviii. 29.] 



MHTPKOAKAPPHNWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Crescent upwards ; between horns, star 
of six rays. 



* This little figure, which has been most varionsly described, bears a strong resemblance 
to the familiar colonial type of Marsyas. But it seems much more probable that it is a 
representation of the constellation Aquarius. This would correspond to the representations 
of Sagittarius and Aries on the coins of other Mesopotamian towns. Soe especially infra, 
Khesabna, Nos. 19 f. 



304 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



Weight 



22 
23 

24. 



91 



120-, 



Metal 
Size 



M -9 
M -8 
M -8 



M -7 



^E -76 



Obverse 



AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCCe 

B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Gordiau III. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



(same die.) 



Reverse 



MHTPKOAKAPPHNWN 

(from ]., upwards) 
Crescent upwards ; within, one above 
another, two stars of eight rays. 



(same die.) 



EDESSA* 
A. UNDER THE PAETHIANS 



Edessa loas at one time called AntiocMa ad Callirrhoen.f After the fall of the 
Seleucid Empire it became a vassal state of Parthia, ruled by its own princes. 
Only once during the period of Parthian domination was the right of coinage 
conceded to the 'kings' of Edessa. Probably this loas immediately before the 
Human conquest, in the reign of M. Aureliits.'^ 



Wael 
Circa 163—165 a.d. 



Bbonzb 



l^^jyj (to 1., downwards) 

Jr^O (to r., downwards) 

Bearded bust of King Wiiel 
within wreath. 



all 



[ ] fY)J|C" (to I., downwards) § 

[ ] L/r*" (to r., downwards) 

Distyle temple seen from the side ; 
it is approached by flight of steps cut 
in the rock on which it stands ; in 
pediment, star of three rays ; between 
pillars, table, with lion's feet, on which 
rests a shrine ; on upper part of front 
and side of shrine is a small circle with 
a dot in the centre ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxvih. SO.] 



Similar. 



JA^UK (to 1., downwards) 

l^mj [ ] (tor., downwards) 

Similar type ; details less distinct. 



[Plate lxxviii. 31.] 



the authSr's Mel. num.,ii.) ^ '^' '^^ Numvsmatxiue, 1892 and 1893, reprinted in 

t See supra, pp. 52 f., Nos. 80 £E. 

as I thTJhron'oW of Kin^ Wa'f '1?'""" ^' !\ ^'^^^^^^urg, 1887, pp. 29 f., for a discussion 
gases III. ^•^ ^ "^'"'^' ^^ appears to have been certainly a contemporary of Vola- 

I hirendltou?ed'tVrfprodu"ce\\f " \"' '°l'' ''^'^^ "'^ ^"""''^ '"^^P^^^ '' satisfactorily, 
.ill be seen tbat tbe^do^Ctt^firm m'! BlbeTon-s^r::derrg^^'^^ "'' '""^ «^"*" ^^^-^'^'- " 



EDESSA 



305 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Kevebse 



B. UNDER THE ROMANS 

It was under Trajan that the Bonians first laid a firm hold on Mesopotamia.^ His 
conquest was folioioed immediately by a revolt, after the sujipression of which the 
Icings of Edessa icere friendly allies of the liomans until 163 A.D., lohen there brohe 
out serious disturbances, one of the results of which seems to have been the accession 
of Wdel and the achiowledgment of Parthian suzerainty. The duty of subjugating 
the revolted districts, and carrying on the Parthian war, loas entrusted to L. Verus. 
Verus restored Maiinus VIII., who had been driven out by Wdel. 

I. Pegal Coinage 
Under M. Aurelius 

Mannus VIII. 

Circa 167 — 179 a.d. (Second Iteign) 

SlLYEK 

This silver coinage probably lasted only so long as Eoman troops were 
operating in the district. 



44-9 



M -65 



Denarius 



AKAAVP OVHPOC 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of L. Verus r., wearing cuirass 
and paludaiuentum ; head bare. 



BACIA[€] 
YCMAN[N] 
OC<l>IAO[P] 
a)A\AIO[C] 



Border of dots. 



[Plate lxxviii. 32.] 



Bronze 



22-5 



19-5 



M 



M -5 



Contemporaneously with the silver there were issued, for local circulation, small 

bronze coins with the name of King Mannus in the Estranghelo character. At 

first these bore, like the silver, the head of Verus.* Subsequently the portrait 

of 3Iannus was allowed to appear. 



Bust of Manuus VIII., bearded, r., wear- 
ing lofty conical tiara ; drapery about 
shoulders. 



1J.^"TD Border of dots. 



[Plate lxxviii. 33.] 

inscr. indistinct, and ligatured. 



* This seems more probable than that the head is that of Mannus, bare. Cf . Rev. Beige, 
1892, PI. X. 10. 

K E 



SOS 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



10 

11 

]2 



Weight 



13 
14 



15 
IG 



34 

33 

34 
33-6 



Metal 
Size 



M -6 

M -55 
JE -65 
M -6 



M -9 
^ -9 



M 1 

M -95 



M -8 
.'E -8 



Obvekse 



Beveese 



Abgaeus VJII. 

Circa 179—214 a.d. 
Under Commodus 



Inscr. from r., downwards. 
Commodus r., laur. 



Bust of 



KOA\OAO[C KAI]CAP 

KOA\OAOC [ ] 

[K]OA\OAOC - - AqOC 
KOfA - _ OC - - KAICA 



Inscr. from r., downwards. Bust of 
Abgarus VIII. r., draped and wearing 
lofty conical tiara, decorated with 
cruciform ornament. 

ABTAPOC BACIA€YC 

[Plate lxxviii. 34.] 

ABrAPO[C] BACI 
ABTAPOCB ACIVC 
[ ] IVCOC 



Under Severus 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Septi- 
mius Severus r., laur. 



AVTKAOVC€n 

C€OVP 

- - OKPAC OCAPOCAT 

Similar ; ruder style. 
CH€ - _ _ _ ATOC 
[- -]Od €A[- -] 

Similar to JSTos. 10 ff. 

[ ] C€YHPOC 

AVTOKPA [ ] 



Inscr. from r., downwards. Bust of 
Abgarus VIII. r., draped and wearing 
lofty conical tiara, decorated with three 
stars, the u.ppermost of which is placed 
between the horns of a crescent ; in 
front, sceptre. 

ABFAPOC BACIA6V 

[Plate lxxviii. 35.] 
ABFAPOC BA CAAYOC 
[- - -] CPAOC 



Similar; ruder style; tiara plain (?). 
BA - . - _ AO 
BfA q O ACO 

Similar to Nos. 10 ff. 
ABFAPOCB ACIA€VC 
ABFAPOCB ACIA6YC 



EDESSA 



307 



No. 



17 

18 
19 
20 

21 
22 
2:5 



Weight 



21, 



Metal 
Size 



jE -7 

JE -75 

M -75 

^ -7 



M -65 
^ -65 

M -7 



7I<] -6 



25 



^ 1'05 



Obverse 



j [. __] _ . OYHPOC 

t Similar ; bust shown, with paluda- 
mentum. 



, Similar to Nos. 10 ff. 
- - C€OYHP OC 



- - AATO - - C€OVHP[--] 



Similar ; inscr. from r., downwards. 

C€ ROC 

C60VHP OCATO 
C€YPOC [ ] 



Rea-ersu 



ABrAPO 

Similar. 



Similar to Nos. 10 ff. ; no sceptre. 

ABTAPOCB C 

ABTAPOCBC- - ]CVOC 

ABTAPOBA OGGn 

Similar. 

ABTAPOBA OC€n 
ABfAPOC BACIA 
ABfAPOC BACAA[ ] 



The following piece shows that Ahgarus associated his son iliininis loith him in the 

government. It is uncertain loheii this took place. But we Icnoio that the successor 

of Ab gurus VIII. was not Maniius but Abgarus IX. (Seuerusy* 



ABTAPOC BCIAC 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Abgarus Ylll. r., as on Rev. of 
preceding pieces. 



AAAINN OC 

(sic, from r., downwards) 
Bust of Mamius v., draped and wearing 
lofty conical tiara, decorated with dots. 



[Plate lxxviii. 36.] 



II. Colonial Coinage 
Bronze 

Caracalla treacherously seized the person of Abgarus IX., f and transformed 
Edessa into a ' colonia.' It received various titles. 



Caracalla 



AVToKAICA\[- 



-]ANTa)N€ 
(from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Caracalla r., luur., wearing 

cuirass and paludamentum. 



KOAWMA PeAGCCA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyohe of City, draped and turreted, 
seated 1. on rocks, holding ears of corn 
in r. ; at her feet, river- god, swimming 
to front. 



* See Babelon, Rev. Beige de Num., 1893, pp. 5'iO ff. 
f Dio Cassius, Ixxvii. 12. 



E E 2 



308 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



Weight 



26 
27 



28 



29 
30 



31 



32 



Metal 
Size 



JE -95 
JE ] 



M -7 



M -8 
M -75 



.« 105 



JE 1 



Obverse 



Reversk 



A ANTWN6INOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; head radiate. 



same die. 



Inscr. fi'om L, upwards. Similar type ; 
in front, small altar. 

MAKAP €A€CC 

MAKAVP. .A€ 



Macrinus 
Under Macrinus the new titles ' Opellia Macriniana ' appear. 



AKM AKPINOC (from L, upwards) 
Head of Macrinus r., laur. ; all within 
wreath.* 



Iiis^T. from 1., upwards. Bust of 
Macrinus r., laur., wearing cuirass and 
paludamentum ; all within wreath. 



AKM - 

AKMO C/v\AKPINOC 



OA\€A€ - (from r., downwards) 

Bust of Tyche of City r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; all within wreath. 



Inscr. around. Similar type 1. ; all 
within wreath. 



OM€ A6CCA (from r., downwards) 

9A9MO (to 1., downwards) 
CCA (to r., upwards) 



[Plate lxxix. 1.] 



Elaojabalus 



Some of the following pieces may possibly lelong to ( ', 



alia. 



- - AVPANTI2N€INO 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., laur., wearing 
paludameatum. 



9NC0TMAqAMDIA>l[_ _] 

(from r., upwards) 
Similar type, with cuirass and paluda- 
mentum ; head radiate. 



MAPAVPANTOK OA€A 

(from beneath, towards I.) 
Tyche of City, draped and turreted, 
seated 1. on i-ock, holding ears of corn 
in r. ; at her feet, river-god swimming 
to front ; in front of her, small column, 
on which stands statue (of Aquarius ?) 
r., raising r. hand and holding water- 
skm (?) over 1. shoulder. 

[Plate lxxix. 2.] 

KOAOOMA S€A€CCA 

„. ., (*'Cj fi'om 1., upwards) 

Similar type; but, in front, small 
temple, with pediment (?). 



* The wreath border forma a curious link between the pieoea strait „„^ . nr • 
those tsaued b, Wm Csee su.ra, Kos. 1 .). I. fabric, howe^eTthe r^o .1^.^";^^^^^^ 



EDESSA 



309 



No. 



Weight 



Metal- 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



33 



34 



35 



36 



37 



39 



M 1 



^ 1-05 



iE -95 



M 1 



M -85 



M -9 



M 7 



40 



iE -7 



[ ]TWN€INOCC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



AVTKAI MAPAVPANT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus 1., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



AVTKM[ ]ANTQN€INOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus 1., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum, and carry- 
ing shield on 1. arm. 



A\APAVPAKO €A€CCA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; nothing in front. 



KOAWMAP 6A6CCA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar. 



MAPAVP ANTK€A€ - - 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar ; but above r. band of Tycbe, 
Nike r.. with wreath and palm. 



[Plate lxxix. 3.] 



AVTK/v\[ ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar ; but shield thrown farther back, 
leaving visible a raised hand and fore- 
arm. 



[• 



. . .-]N€INOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



AVTKM[ ]TIlN€INOC CG B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Elagabalus r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Head of Elaga- 
balus r., laur. 

AVTOKAICMAPAYPANT 



Similar ; head radiate. 
AYTK[- ]NT 



- - K OA6A€C 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar to No. 31. 



KOAO) MAP€ V€ 

[sic, from 1., upwards) 
Two busts of Tycbe, draped and turreted, 
face to face ; in field beneath, small 
temple, with pediment (?). 



[Plate lxxix. 4.] 



[ ] MAYA NTH €[- -] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; nothing beneath. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of Tyche 
of City 1., draped and turreted. 

KOAWMAP €A€CCA 



Similar. 

KOAWMA P€A€CC[A] 



310 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



41 



42 



43 

44 



45 



46 



47 



48 



"Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



M -7 



JE -7 



M -6 



M '75 



JE -95 



^ -do 



JE -95 



Oeveesb 



Similar ; but head 1. 
AVTAICNAPANTW - - (sk) 



Inscr. from ]., upwards. Bust of Elaga- 
balus r., laur., -wearing cuirass and 
paludameutum. 



AVKAAAANL lOC ( 



?-) * 



Similar ; but type 1. 
M -7 ! [ ] . _ I2N6INOC 



[ ] [..]V PANTO 

Similar to No. 42 ; but head radiate. 
AVKA\AAN TOJN€l[- -] 



Reverse 



Similar. 

KOAWMA P€A€ 

[Plate lxxix. 5.] 
Similar ; but inscr. from r., downwards. 

€A€CCA 

Similar to No. 39. 
AVANT€A eCCA 
[ ] €A€CCA 

Similar to No. 42 ; bat type r. 
AVAN€ A€CCA 



Severus Alexander 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Youthful bust 
of Severus Alexander r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentam. 



M [ ]NAPO€K {sic) 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Tyche of City, 
draped and turreted, seated 1. on rock; 
at her feet, river-god swimming to front ; 
before her, small altar, lighted. 

MAKAVP [ ] 



In tlie course of this reign Eclessa received the title of /irjTpoTroXis. 

Similar. 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bust of Severus 
Alexander r., laur. ; paludameutum 
shown over 1. shoulder. 

AVTKMACA A€ZANAPO C C 



Similar, with cuirass and paludameutum. 
AVTKynACA€ ZANAPOC C (sic) 



A\HTKO €A €CCHNWN 

Similar. 

A\HTKO€A€ CCHNCUN 



Reading and attribution both doubtful. 



EDESSA 



311 



No. 



Weiqht 



49 



50 



51 

52 
58 



54 



55 



57 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



iB 1 



M 1-25 



M -95 
M -95 
M -95 



M 1 



M -9 



M -65 



M -65 



Similar, with aegis on cuirass ; spear over 
r. shoulder ; shield on 1. arm. 

AVT - - 62ANAPOC 



Inscr. from 1., upwards. Bast of Severus 
Alexander r., laur., wearing paluda- 
mentum ; slightly bearded. 

[A]VTKMACAA CZANAPOCC 



Similar, with cuirass and paludamentum. 

AVTK/v\AC€VA[ ] B 

[- . -]A A€ZANAPOCC€B 
AVTKMAC6VA A[ ] (same die) 



Similar ; but type 1., and raised r. hand 
visible in front. 

[A]VK/^ACeVAA€[Z]ANAP 



Similar ; shield on 1. arm ; style poor. 
AVTKMC€AA€IANAPOCC€B 



Similar to No. 48. 



AVTKAAAC AASZANAPOC 



Similar to No. 55 ; style better. 
AVTKA\ACAA€ZANA[ ] 



Similar. 

/v\HTKO€A€ CCHNWN 

[Plate lxxix. 6.] - 



Similar ; in field 1. and r., two stars of 
eight rays each. 



MHTKO€A€ 



WN 



Similar. 

yv\HT[ ] 

MHTKO[ ] 

MHTKOA€A€ CCHNWN (same 
die.) 



Similar. 



[ ]A€CC HNWN 



Similar. 

/v\HTKOAe AGCCHN(iO[N] 



Similar to No. 48 ; but Tyohe holds in 
r. hand small temple with pediment (?) ; 
no altar. 

/v\K€A€C CHNWN 



Similar. 

/v\K€A€C CHNWN 



312 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obveese 



Eevekse 



Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea 



58 
59 



M 1-Oc 
M 1-1 



AVTKA\AC€AA€ZANAPOCCIO 

VAIAAAAAA . (from beneath, towards 1.) 
Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and palndamentum, 
and of Julia Mamaea 1., draped and 
wearing stephane, face to face. 



inscr., partly off coin. 



AAHTKOA €A€CCHNWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche of City, draped and turreted, 
seated 1. on stool, holding in r. small 
temple with pediment ; at her feet; 
river-god swimming 1. ; above her head, 
small statue (of Aquarius ?) r., with 
water-skin (?) over 1. shoulder; in front 
of her, small altar, lighted ; in field, 
four stars, two to 1. and two to r. 



[Plate lxxix. 7.] 



Julia Mamaea 



GO 



M 1-15 



Gl 



^ '95 



lOVAIAAAA M6AC€BACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Mamaea r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 



Similar, with C€BACT 



62 



M -9 



IOVAIAAAAM€AC€BACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



[A\HTKOA€A]€CCHNWN 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar. 

style poor. 



AAHTKOA 6A€[CCHNWN] 

. (from ]., upwards) 

Similar; but no statue, and only one 
star to 1. and one to r. ; altar narrow 
at middle. 



A\HTKOA€A€CCH NWN 

„. ., (from 1., upwards) 

feimilar type ; altar of normal shape. 



Gordiau III. 



63 



M 1-2 



AVT[ ]rOPAIANOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and palndamentum. 



MHTKOA6A6CCHNWN 

■D .L rrr, , (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Tyche of City ]., draped, veiled, 
and turreted ; in front, small pedestal 
on which stands small statue (of 
Aquarius?) r., raising r. hand, and 
holding water-skin (?) over 1. shoulder- 
between pedestal and bust, small 
temple with pediment (?). 



EDESSA 



313 



No, 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



6J, 
65 



M 11 
M 1-15 



66 



^ -7 



67 



M 1-2 



68 



M 1-1 



69 



yE 1-3 



Obverse 



AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€ 

B (from 1., upwards) 
Similar ; but head radiate. 

inscr., partly off coin ; (no cuirass). 



Reverse 



Similar. 



inscr., partly illegible. 



(No. 65 is restruok on a coin which has had a precisely similar Rev. from a clifFerent die.) 



AVTO[ ]OPAIANOCC€ 

(from 1., upvirards) 
Bust of Gordian III. r., radiate; 
paludamentnm over shoulder. 



AAHTKOA€A€CCHNC0N 

(from. 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tycbe of City r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; in front, star. 



Gordian III. and Tranquillina 



AVTO[ ]OPAIANOCC€BTP 

ANKVAAIAN - _ C€B 

(sic, from beneatli, towards 1.) 
Busts of Gordian III. r., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paladamentum, 
and of Tranquillina 1., draped and 
wearing stephane, face to face. 



Similar to No. 63. 



<I>OVPCABINATPANKC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tranquillina r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 



Tranquillina 

Similar. 



[Plate lxxix. 8.] 



III. Begal Coinage Bestored. 
Bronze 

Abgarus X. 

Circa 242—244 a.d. 
Under Gordian III. 



AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€ 

B (from 1., upwai'ds) 

Bust of Gordian III. r., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentnm. 



AVTOK rOPAl ANOCAB FA POC 
BACIA€VC (from 1., upwards) 
Svggesius surmounted by sella cas- 
trensis, on which is seated Gordian III. 
r., laur. , clad in toga, and leaning with 
1. on sceptre ; he extends r. to receive 
from Abgai'us X. a small Nike holding- 
wreath and palm ; Abgarus stands 1. in 
front of suggestns, wearing lofty tiara 
with diadem, kaiidys, and anaxyrides, 
and holding with ]. hilt of short sword, 
which hangs at his 1. side. 

s s 



314 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



70 
71 



72 



73 



71 



76 

77 

78 
79 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-25 
M 1-26 



iE l-2c 



M 1-2 



J3 -9 
M -9 



JE -96 
M -9 

M ■7r> 

M -8 



Obveese 



Reverse 



Similar ; head laur. 
(countermark, bust of Tyclie r.) 
(no cuirass) 

Similar to No. 69. 



(countermark, bust of Tyclie r.) 



AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€ 

B (from lieneatb, towards 1.) 

Bust of Gordian HI. r., radiate; 
paludamentiim over shoulder; in front, 

star. 



vyears cuirass with paludamentum. 



Similar to No. 75 ; but inscr. from 1. 
upwards. 



Similar to No. 75 ; but head laur. 



Similar to No. 71. 

(AVTOKKMAN rOPAIANOCC€ 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxix. 9.] 



AVTOKrOPA I A N OCABrAPOC 

BACIAeVC (from 1., upwards) 

Gordian III., laur. and wearing paluda- 
mentum, standing r., holding mappa 
consularts in r. and small globe in 1. ; 
in front of him stands Abgarus X. 1., 
in same costume and attitude as on 
Nos. 69 ff., but holding in r. a wreath, 
instead of Nike. 



[Plate lxxix. 10.] 



ABfAPOC BACIA€VC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Abgarus X., weai-ing lofty tiara with 
diadem, kandys, and anaxyrides, seated 
on horse, with rich trappings, advancing 
slowly r. 

[Plate lxxix. 11.] 

ABTAPOC BACIA6VC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Abgarus X. r., having on his 
head a lofty tiara, fringed, diademed, 
and ornamented with star, and over his 
shoulders kandys; he wears a beaded 
collar, while a string of beads (?) hangs 
down over his chest ; behind head, star. 



Similar. 



Similar; but three strings of beads (?) on 
chest. 

[Plate lxxix. 12.] 

Similar. 

(three strings of beads (?)) 



NISIBIS 



315 




Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Kevkrse 



80 



81 

82 
83 



M -75 



M -7 

^ -75 
M -75 



^ -7 



M -6 



Similar ; but head laur. 
inscr. partly off coin. 



Similar. 

inscr. partly off coia. 



IV. Colonial Coinage Besmned 

Bronze 
Under Trajanus Deoius 



KOA€A€CCA (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tyclie of City 1., draped, veiled, 
and turreted ; in front, small altar, 
lighted. 



Similar. 



AVKA€KICCeB (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Trajanus Deoius r., laur. ; 
paludamentuni over shoulder. 



Similar ; but head radiate. 



wears cuirass with paludamentum. 



NISIBIS 

Coins were struch at Nisihis {wider the name of ' Antiocli in Mygdonia ') during tlie^ 
reign of Antioclius IV.* Thereafter it issued no money until it became a 'colonia,' 
probably under Septimins Sevenis, from whom it took the title ' Septimia.' The 
title ' Julia ' was derived from Philippus Senior. The spelling of the name on 
No. 1 is the only instance of agreement with the traditional literary spelling. 

BRONZiS 
Caracalla (?) 



AVTKAI [ ] (from 1., upwards) 

Youthful bust of Caracalla (?) r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum ; 
beneath, eagle r., looking back, with 
wings outstretched. 



[ ] NIC IB (from 1., upwards) 

Tyche of City, draped, veiled, and wear- 
ing high head-dress, seated three-quarter 
face towards 1. on rock, holding ears of 
corn (?) in r., and leaning with 1. on 
rock. 



[Plate lxxix. 13.] 



Maorinus. 



AVTKAIC- - - -]ONC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Macrinus (?) r., laur. 



KOAN €CI Bl (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Tyche of City r., turreted and 
veiled ; in front, obscure symbol. 



[Plate lxxix. 15.] 



* See supra, p. 53, No. 79. 



S S 



316 



MESOPOTAMIA 




M 1-25 



M -95 



5 
6 

7 



iE 1 
JE 1 
M 1 



^ -7." 



vE -8 



Obverse 



Ebvbese 



Gordian III. and Tranquillina 



AVTOKKMANrOPAIANONCAB 
TPANK NAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Busts, face to face, of Gordian III. i-., 
laur., wearing cuirass and paluda- 
mentum,_and of Tranquillina 1., draped 
and wearing stephane. 



CenKOA ONeCIBIMH TP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tyche of City r., draped, 
veiled, and turreted ; above her head, 
sign of constellation Aries r. ; before 
and behind her, a star. 



Otacilia Severa 



MAPnTAKIAC€OYHPANC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Otacilia Severa r., draped and 
wearing stephane; behind shoulders, 
crescent. 



IOVC€nKOAf2N6CIBIMHT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tetrastyle temple, between central 
pillars of which is seated Tyche of 
City, turreted, draped, and veiled, on 
rocks, facing ; at her feet, river-god 
swimming r. ; above her head, sign of 
constellation Aries r. 



AVTOKK/vMOVAI<|>IAinnoCCe 

B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust_ of Philippus Junior 1., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Philippus Junior 

Similar to No. 4. 



[Plate lxxix. 14.] 

'^'""''"'- I IOAC€nKOAnNeCIBIMHT 

■ „^ , (*''", from 1., upwards) 

Wreath, within which is sign of con- 
stellation Aries r. 



RHESAENA 

Imperial Times 

BJ,e,aen„ tms maclea^colonia,' probably hy Septimius S.r.r,. and with the ,,.,.,7 7 

e.cept^onof No. 1, its coinage is au'colJuial The .eterl^^sMdZr 

belonged, as the coins show, to the ' Legio Tertia Fia.' 

Caracalla 



AKM[- , -] (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Caracalla r., radiate, wear- 
ing paludamentuni and cuirass (with 



PHC . . . HCI[riN] 

•NT 1 J f , ^ <^^^'°™ '•' up's^ards) 

iNaked female figure reclining 1., holding 
ears of corn (?) in r., and supporting her 
1. arm on overturned vase whence water 
nows. 

in field 1., f (?) 



EHESAENA 



317 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



JE -95 



3 

4 



^ 1-1 

M 1 



M 1 
M 1 



^ 1 



Obverse 



Revebse 



Severus Alexander 



AVTKC6 AACIAN APOCC€ 

(from r., downwards) 
Bnst of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



PHCAINH CIWNLEIIIP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche of City, draped and turreted, 
seated 1. on rock, holding on r. eagle 1., 
with wings closed and head turned 
back ; at her feet, river-god swimming 1. 

[Plate lxxix. 16.] 



Trajanus Decius 



AYTKrM€KYA€KIOCTPAIANO 
CC€B (from 1., ujiwavds) 

Bust of Trajanus Decius r., radiate, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



JE 1 



AVTKAirAIM€CKVTPAA€KIOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Trajanus Decius 1., radiate; 
paludamentum over shoulder. 



Similar. 



CenKOAPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Female figure, draped and wearing 
modius, standing three- quai'ter face 
towards 1., holding cornucopiae in 1., 
and with r. pouring libation from 
patera over lighted altar; in field 1., 
above, eagle r. on palm-branch, with 
wings open and wreath in beak ; in 
field 1. and r., beneath, a palm-branch. 



(no palm-branch visible r.) 



Same inscr. Founder of colony, wearing 
toga, and holding military eagle in 1., 
ploughing out the primigeniiis sulcus 
with team of oxen r. ; in field above, 
eagle standing, facing, upon palm- 
branch, with head 1., wings open, and 
wreath in beak; in ex., river-god 
swimming to front. 



[Plate lxxix. 17.] 



Similar; but in ex., wreath, on either 
side of which, a palm. 



(first H omitted from inscr.) 



Similar; but eagle stands 1., and has 
wings closed. 



318 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obterse 



Reverse 



9 
10 



11 

12 



13 



14 



15 
16 



^105 
JE 1 



M 1-05 
JE 1-05 



JE 1 



M -8 



M -05 
M -65 



A?, 1-05 



Simila 



Same insor. Bust of Trajanns Deciiis r., 
radiate, wearing cuirass and paluda- 
mentum. 



Similar. 



AVTKrMKVTPAA€KIOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type; head laur. 



AVTKfM KTPA€KIOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



C€nPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Distyle temple, the six side pillars of 
which are all visible to r. of facade ; 
between front pillars, eagle standing 1., 
with wreath in beak ; beneath, river- 
god swimming to front ; on either side 
of him, a palm-branch. 



[Plate lxxix. 18.] 

Similar ; but temple has only five pillars 
on side, and eagle has no wreath in 
its beak. 



NHCICONLIIIP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche of City, draped, veiled and 
turreted, seated 1. on rock, holding 
ears of corn in r. ; at her feet, river- 
god swimming 1. ; above her head, 
eagle 1., with closed wings, bending 
forward and holding wreath in beak. 



[Plate lxxix. 19.] 

C€nKOAPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP 

(from ]., upwards) 
Two busts of Tyche, draped, veiled, 
and turreted, face to face. 



Same inscr. Vexillum. 



Trajanns Decius and Herenuia Etruscilla 



AVTKrAM €KTPAA€KIOCC€P€ 

NNI€TPOV (from 1., upwards) 

Busts, face to face, of Trajanus Decias 
r., radiate, wearing cuirass and paluda- 
mentum, and of Herennia Etruscilla 
1., draped and wearing stephane, and 
having crescent behind shoulders. 



Similar to Nos. 5 f. 



EHESAENA 



319 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



18 



.E 1 



19 



20 



^ 1 



M 1 



21 



M 1 



22 



m 1 



Herennia Etruscilla 



€P€NNIA6TPOVCKIAAAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Herennia Etruscilla r., draped 
and wearing stepliane ; crescent behind 
shoulders. 



Similar. 



2.3 



M I'Oo 



Similar. 



Similar. 

first part of inscr. oif coin. 



€P€NNIANAITPa)CKIAAANC€ 

B (from 1., upwards) 

Similar. 



€P€N N I ANC0TPACKAAAANC6B 

(sic, from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; no crescent. 



Similar to 'No. 3. 



CenKOAPHCAINHCIWNLIIIP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Two figures of Tyche, draped and 
turreted, standing facing, grasping each 
other's r. hands ; between them a small 
altar ; in field above, eagle standing to 
front on palm-branch, with head 1., 
wings open, and wreath in beak ; 
behind Tyche on 1. (City of Oarrhae, 
or Edessa), small column, surmounted 
by statue (of Aquarius ?) r., raising his 
r. hand, and holding water-.skin (?) over 
1. shoulder ; behind Tyche on r. (City of 
Rhesaena, or Singara), sign of con- 
stellation Sagittarius r. ; in ex., river- 
god swimming to front. 



Similar; but altar has peculiar form, 
being supported by caryatid. 



[Plate lxxix. 20.] 



Similar to Nos. 11 f., but eagle has wreath 
in beak. 



Similar to Nos. 9 f. 



CenPHCAl NHCIWNLI! IP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche of City, draped and turreted, 
seated 1. on rock, holding ears of corn 
in r. ; at her feet, river-god swimming 
1. ; above her head, eagle 1., bending 
forward, with wings closed and wreath 
in beak. 



320 



MESOPOTAMIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



30-5 
24 
23 
22-5 



M -5 

JE -45 

M -5 



JE 1 



M 1'3 



M 1-2 



M 1 



Obveese 



Rbveese 



SELEUCIA AD TIGRIM* 

Very few antonomons coins of this city are Itnowu. ProhahJy it was the mint for 

the regal coinage of the Paiikian monarchs. The attribution of the following to 

Seleiicia is not certain. If the era employed is the Seleucid, 

the coins belong to 88 B.C. 



Head of Tyclie 
border of dots. 



of City r., turreted ; 



AKZ 

AIOY 

A 



[B.M.C., Pabthia, Pl. xxxvii. 12.] 

SINGARA 

Colonial Coinage 

The coins loith the two heads obviously represent a larger, those loith the single head 

a loioer denomination. 

Gordian III. 



AVTOKKMANTrOPAIANOCC€ 

B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



AVPCen KOACINTAPA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Tyche of City r., veiled and 
turreted ; above, sign of constellation 
Sagittarius r. 



Gordian III. and Tranquillina 



AVTOKKMANXrOPAIANONCA 
BTPANKVAAINACGB 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Busts, face to face, of Gordian III. r., 
laur., wearing cuirass and paluda- 
mentum, and of Tranquillina 1., draped 
and wearing stephane. 



AVTOKKMANTOrOPAIANOCC 
ABTPANKVAAINAC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



AVPC€nK OACINTAPA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Tyche of City, draped, veiled, and 
turreted, seated 1. on rocks, holding 
ears of corn in r. ; above, sign of 
constellation Sagittarius 1. ; at her feet, 
river-god, swimming 1. 



AVPCenKO ACINTAPA 

. (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



CABTPANK VAAINAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Tranquillina r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 



Tranquillina 

Similar to No. 1. 



, J. p^t/r. Lx'£Lt-;Xfv £^-!zr E2s^^^^ 



KINGS OP PARTHIA 



321 



No. 



Weight 



ItETAL 

Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



KINGS OF PAETHIA* 

The Parthian Kingdom oviginated in the great revolt against the Seleucid Icing, 
Antiochus II. (circa 250 B.C.). The leaders were Arsaces, afterwards reckoned as 
the founder of the royal dynasty, and his brother, Tiridates I., the latter of whom 
reigned from 248 to 210 B.C. The difficulties that surround the classification of 
the long series of coins issued by the Parthian monarchs are well hioion.f The 
arrangement here followed is that adopted in' the B.M.G. The standard used 
for silver is the Euboic-Attic, often debased. 



EARLY KING 

Coins nice the following hare been conjecturally assigned to Phriapatius 
(191—176 B.C.) and Phraates I. (176—171 B.C.). 

Silver 
Drachm 



Bust of Arsaces 1., wearing peaked 
helmet, bound with diadem, earring, 
torque, and cloak. 



■17 -G 



M -75 



BAZIAEHZ (to 1., upwards) 

M EfAAoY (above) 

APZ AKOY (to r., downwards) 

Arsaces, beardless, seated r. on om- 
phalos, looking along the string of a 
bow which he holds in outstretched r. ; 
he is helmeted as on the Obv., and 
wears armour, cloak, and- boots tied 
with strajDS. 



[Of. B.M.C., Pl. I. 9.] 
(No. 1 is pierced.) 



* A considerable number of the coins here catalogued do not belong to the oiiginal Hunter 
Collection (see supra, p. 42, footnote). Those presented by Mr. Campbell in 1895 are specifically 
enumerated at the beginning of each reign. 

t While these sheets are passing through the press, an important addition to the literature 
of the subject has appeared: Bitter Alexander von Petrowicz's Arsaciden-Munzen (Vienna, 
1904), a catalogue of his own fine collection. 



T T 



vol,. III. 



322 



KINGS OP PARTHIA 



.No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



62-4 



61-6 



51-2 



M -75 



M -7 



M -8 



54 6 



Al -8 



45 



M -65 



Obverse 



Reverse 



MITHRADATES II.* 

Circa 123—88 B.C. 

llithradates II. was one of the greatest of the PartMan wonarcJis. It was during 
his reign that Parthia first came into contact with Home. 

I. Head Bare 

a. With Title BaaiAews 
Silver 
Drachms 



Bust of Mithradates II. I., bearded; wears 
diadem, spiral necklace terminating in 
ornament, earring, and cuirass; border 
of dots. 



globular ornament. 



BAZIAEnZ (to I., upwards) 
MErAAOY (above) 
APZ AKOY (to r., downwards) 
ETTI<l)ANOYZ (beneath) 

Arsaces seated r. on omphalos, as on 

preceding coin, holding bow. 



half-horse ornament. 



Similar ; half-horse ornament. 



[B.M.C., Pl. VI. 7.] 
[Plate lxxix. 21.] 



insor. careless. 



Similar ; but Arsaces is seated on throne 
with back. 



Bkonze 



Similar ; half- horse ornament. 



behind, ? 



BAZIAEnZ (to 1., upwards) 
MEfAAoY (above) 
A PZ A KOY (to r., downwards) 
ETTI<l>AN0YZ (beneath) 
Head of horse r. 



[B.M.a, Pl. VII. 2.] 



Nos. 4, 5 and 6 were presented in 1895. 



MITHRADATES IT. 



323 



No. 



10 

11 

12 



Weight 



18-5 



581 
57-1 



42-5 



60-2 

51 
59-9 



Metal 
Size 



M -ih 



AX -85 
M -75 



^ -65 



M -7 

M -75 
M -75 



Obverse 



Similar ; globular ornament. 



behind, ? 



Reverse 



Sa^me insor. Nike advancing r., holding 
wreath and palm. 



Similar ; half -horse ornament 



inscr. obscure. 
[Cf. BJI.C, Pl. VI. 10.] 

jS. With Title Bao-iXews Bao-iXe'u)!/ 

Silver 

D rachms 

BAZIAEHS (above) 

BAZI AEX2N (to r., downwards) 

M EPA AOY (beneath, towards 1.) 

Arsaces seated, as on No. 4. 
[Plate lxxix. 22.] 



(y) With Blundered Inscription' 
Beonze 



Bast of Mithradates II. 1., bearded ; wears 
diadem, collar, and cuirass; no border 
visible. 



. MON3 - - (above) 
. .-] (tor.) 
. ] (beneath) 

. 3 >X (to 1., upwards) 

Horse walking r. 



[Plate lxxix. 23.] 
II. Head Helmeted 

SiLVEE 

D rachms 



Bust of Mithradates II. 1., bearded; wears 
helmet, which is bound with diadem 
and elaborately decorated with pellets 
and a star of eight rays; has spiral 
necklace with globular ornament, and 
cuirass, the neck and shoulder-piece of 
which are likewise decorated with 
pellets ; style remarkably good. 



Similar to Nos. 7 f. ; better style. 



[Plate lxxix. 24.] 



Similar ; decoration less elaborate ; style 
inferior. 



globular ornament, 
half-horse ornament. 



Similar. 



[B.M.C, Pl. VIII. 2.] 



T T 2 



324 



KINGS OF PAETHIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



60-2 

62-2 
61-2 
59-4 



57-6 
62-1 



65 



M -8 

M -85 

M -8 

M -8 



.R -75 

.R -75 



Obverse 



Rkvkrse 



M -8 



ARTABANUS II.* 
Circa 88—77 B.C. 

The attribution is more than usnalli/ doubtful, as the very existence of the Idng 

is matter of conjecture. See B.M.G., pp. xxxi. f., where the 

remarhable legend on No. 7 is also discussed. 

Silver 
Drachms 



Bust of Artabanus II. 1., with short beard; 
wears diadem, spiral necklace ter- 
minating in globular ornament, and 
cuirass, the neck and shoulder-piece of 
which are decorated with pellets ; 
border of dots. 



BASIAEHZ (above) 

ME FAAOV (to r., downwards) 

APZAKOV (beneath) 

GEOTTATOPOZ ., , -, , ^ , 

EV EPrEToV ( ' 'lo^'^^'a-'^'c's) t 

Arsaces seated r., as on preceding piece. 



APSAKOV towards r. 
[Plate lxxix. 25.] 

APZAKOV towards 1. 



half-horse ornament. 

[Plate lxxix. 20.] 

Similar to Nos. 1 ff. 



Similar. 



Similar to N"os. 2 ff., with MET AAOV 



Similar to No. 1 ; but, above M E 
TAAOV, [K]ATAC TPATE[IA] 



[Cf. B.M.C., Vl. IX. S.] 



* Nos. 3 and 4 were presented in 1S9.5. 

t The forms of A and O vary considerably, even on the same specimen. 



ARTABANUS II.— SINATRUCES— PHRAATB3 III. 



325 



No. 



Weight 



61-2 

51-2 
59 



67-1 



56-9 
50-2 



Metal 
Size 



.11 -8 



M -lb 



M -75 



M -75 



M -75 
M -8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



SINATRUCES 

Circa 11— 10 B.C. 

Tlio portrait on the following pieces agrees with lohat we Icnow of Siiiatniccs. 
He did not become Icing till he loas well advanced in years. 

SiLVEB 

Drachms 



Bust of Sinatruces 1., bearded; wears hel- 
met bound vyitli diadem and decorated 
with pellets and star of six rays, spiral 
necklace terminating in globular orna- 
ment, and cuirass ; border of dots. 



APS AKOV (to r., downwards) 
AVTOKPATOPOZ (beneath, 
<t>IA0TTAT0P0Z towards 1.) 

^^ A l^A^'^U MnV (to 1., downwards) 

<I)IAEAAHNoZ ^ ' 

Arsaces seated r., with bow, on throne, 
in usual attitude. 



[Plate lxxix. 27.] 



(No, 3 is pierced.) 



Similar ; but star on helmet has eight 
rays. 



Similar. 



'N^- 



[li.M.G., Pl. X. 4.] 

PHRAATES III.* 

Circa 10—51 B.C. 

The attribution of Nos. 4 f£., and particularly of No. 11, to Phraates III. 
is anything but certain. 

Silver 



Drachms 



Bust of Phraates III. 1., with pointed 
beard ; wears helmet bound with diadem 
and decorated with pellets and horn 
device, as well as with a crest-like 
fringe formed of the foreparts of stags ; 
he has a spiral necklace terminating 
in globular ornament, and a cuirass of 
the usual type ; no border visible. 



(above) 

(to 1., downwards) 



baziaehi: 

MEfAAoV 

APZ AKOV . 

EVEPrETOV (beneath, towards 1.) 

Arsaces seated r. on throne, with bow, 
in usual attitude ; in fi'ont, letter or 
monogram. 

K 



[Plate lxxix. 28.] 

i n (?) 

* Nos. -1—3 and 8—10 were presented in 1895. 



826 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



10 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



57-5 M -65 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Brokze 



Sir 



Similar inscr., barely legible.* Horse 
prancing r. 



[IlJI.a, Pl. XI. 6.] 



Silver 
I) rachms 



Similar bust 1. ; border of dots. 



59-6 
61-3 

59-2 



61-5 
52-5 



M -75 
M -75 

M -75 



M -7 
M -75 



BAZIAEHZ (above) 

MET AAOV (to r., downwards) 

APSAKOV (beneath, towards 1.) 

NIKAtJpoZ (to 1. downwards) t 
Arsaces seated r. on throne, with bow, 
in usual attitude. 



[Plate lxxix. 29.] 



49-5 



^ -65 



24.- 



M -65 



Similar. 

no border visible. 

Similar, 
border plain ? 
no border visible. 

Similar ; no border visible. 



Similar ; inscr. more careless. 



Similar, with GEOTTAT* P • Z 



Beonze 



Similar inscr., barely legible. J Pegasos 
prancing r. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XI. 12.] 



Similar. 



Similar inscr. Nike advancing r. , holding 
wreath and palm. 



inscr. partly ofl; coin. 
[B.M.a, Pl. XI. 11.] 

<l>IAEAAHNOZ, however, is unmistakable, 
t O has often the form • . 
X On both this and the following piece the crucial word (NIKATOpOZ) is certain. 



PHRAATES III.— MITHRADATES III. 



327 



No. 



Weight 



Metai 
Size 



11 



63-4 



M -8 



36 



M -6 



56 



M -8 



Obversb 



Reverse 



Silver 
Drachm 



Bust similar to Nos. 1 ff., except that tlae 
horn device is replaced by one consisting 
of three sprays, while for the foreparts 
of stags are substituted a series of 
small projections each terminating in 
a globular ornament ; behind, anchor, 
inverted ; border of dots. 

[Plate lxxix. 30.] 



(above) 

(to r., downwards) 
(beneath, towards 1.) 
(to 1., downwards) 



BAZIAEX2Z 
MEr AAOY 
AP ZAKOY 
EYEPfEToY 

Eni<|)ANoYZ 
<t>IAEAAHN0Z 

Arsaces seated r. on throne, with bow, 

in usual attitude. 



UNKNOWN KING* 

Before circa 57 B.C. 

On the gap which the 'portraits of this king fill, see B.M.C., pp. xxxiii. f. 

Bronze 



Bust of King 1., with short beard ; wears 
diadem, spiral necklace, and cuirass ; 
behind, small Nike placing wreath 
upon his head ; border of dots. 



Inscr. illegible. Horse walking r. 



IBM.G., Pl. XII. 12.] 



MITHRADATES Ill.t 

Circa 57 — 54 B.C. 

Mithraclates III. was one of the sons of Phraates III. On his father's death he 

divided the inheritance with his brother Orodes I., receiving 3Iedia as his 

kingdom. He speedily quarrelled with Orodes. For a short time he gained 

the upper hand, but he was soon ooerthrown and put to death. 

I. With Title Bao-iXeMS 

Silver 



Drachm s 



Bust of Mithradates III. 1., with very 
short beard; wears diadem, jointed 
necklace with clasp, and cuirass ; border 
of dots. 



(above) 

(to r., downwards) 
(beneath, towards 1.) 



BACIAEnC 

MErAA«V 

AP LAKOV 
AIKAIOV 

Eni<t)AN»VC 

eEoVEVHAToPoC (to 1., 
<1>IAEAAHN0C downwards)^ 
Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual 
attitude, with bow. 

in front, /^ 
[Plate lxxix. 31.] 

* This piece was presented in 1895. t No. 7 was presented in 1895. 

t The letters are often badly formed, the bar of the A, for instance, bemg frequently 
omitted; and there is sometimes great variation m shape. 



328 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



57-5 
62 



4 68-i 



601 



60-4 



66-2 



60-6 



Metal 
Size 



M -75 
M -8 

M -8 



Al -8 



M -86 



M -8 



M -85 



M -8 



Similar. 



Simila 



Sinaila 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Reverse 



in front, ^ 
in front, '/^ ; behind, B 
[BJI.C, Pl. XIII. 1.] 

1 front, rp 



Similar, with KAI<|>I AEAAH NoC 

in front, r|~ 
[B.M.C., Pl. XIII. 3.] 



Similar; with ^^'j^^^^V "^ ^^^^^'^' 
towards r. 



Similar, with ME TAAOV ; inscr. 
blundered. 

in front, TT 



H. With Title Bao-i.Xcu:'; Baa-iXi 



BAEIAEHN ^''^°''^^ 
A PCAKOV ,, , 

ETTI<t>ANOVi; (tieneath, towards 1.) 

GEoVEVHAToPoC (to I., 

<J> I AEAAH NOC downwards) 

Similar type. 

in front, K 



(No. 8 is pierced.) 



Similar ; but, behind head, star. 



Similar, 
in front, /C.'r 
[Cf. BJI.C, Pl. XIII. 12.] 



ORODES I. 



329 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



1 

2 
3 

4 

5 



57-7 
611 
58 

57-6 

60-8 

61-3 

54-2 



10 



M -8 
M -75 
M -75 

M -75 

M -85 

M -8 
M -8 



JE -4 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ORODES I.* 

Circa 57—37 B.C. 

27(6 reign of Orodes I. was one of the most eventful in Parthian history. 
He it loas loho defeated Crassus at Carrhae, and ivlio afterwards attempted 
to utilize the cioil loars that followed the assassination of Julius Caesar 
for the extension of his own empire. He had joined his brother Mithradates 
in murdering his father Phraates III., and he was in turn murdered hi) his 
awn son, Phraates IV. All the specimens here catalogued belong to his later 

coinage.]- 

WitLout adjuncts on Obverse 
Silver 



Bust of Orodes 1. 1., with very short beard ; 
wears diadem, spiral necklace ter- 
minating in globular ornament, and 
cuirass ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxix. 32.] 



(above) 

(to r., downwards) 
(beneath, towards 1.) 

(to 1., downwards) 



BACIAEnC 
BACIAEIIN 
AP CAK-V 
EVEPPETOV 

AIKAIOV 

Eni<l>ANOVC 
<|)IAEAAHN«C 

Arsaoes seated r. on throne, in usual 

attitude, with bow ; in front, letter or 

monogram. 



K 



VOL. III. 



K (A PCAKOV) 

^-t- (insor. much blundered) 
IB.M.a, Pl. XV. 6.] 

in front, K ; behind, O 
(No. 7 is double-struck.) 



Beonze J 
Similar. Inscr. illegible. Horse's head r. 

in front, 'p^ (?) 
[B.M.C., Pl. XV. 10.] 

* Nos. 8—11, 18 — 20, 23, 25, 32—37 and 50 were presented in 1895. 

t The coins are arranged, as in B.M.O., according to the character of the adjuncts on 
the obverse, if any. 

+ On Nos. 8—10 the back of the head approaches the edge of the flan so closely that it 
is impossible to be quite certain as to the absence of adjuncts. 

U U 



330 



KINGS OF PARTE lA 



No. 



10 



11 



12 
13 
14 

15 
16 

17 



18 
19 
20 



Weight 



35-5 



22-5 



24-5 



69-3 

51 

62-2 

57-4 
61-5 

59-6 



31-5 
20-5 
16 



Metal 
Size 



M -5 



M -4 



JE -5 



M -8 

M -8 

yR -8 

M -8 

M -8 

M -85 



M -5 
/E -45 
M -46 



Obverse 



Simila 



Ekvekse 



Inscr. barely legible, or off coin. Fortress 
(or city gate), consisting of two tall 
central towers, flanked by two shorter 



IB.M.C, Pl. XT. 13.] 



Simila 



Inscr. barely legible, or off coin. Crescent 
upwards, containing star. 



to r., 7^ 
[B.M.C, Pl. XT. 15.] 



Similar. 



Inscr. barely legible, or off coin. Eagle 
r., with wings half open ; in front, ^ 



Similar to Nos. 1 ff. ; but, behind head, 
crescent upwards. 



With crescent on ObTerse 

Silver 

Drachms 

Similar to Nos. 1 ff. 



7?, 



[B.M.C, Pl. XTi. 1.] 

K ; behind, O 

[B.M.C, Pl. XTI. 6.] 



Bronze 



Simila 



Same inscr. (partly illegible, or off coin). 
Bust of Tyche of City r., wearing 
turreted head-dress ; in front, y\ 



(much worn) 
[B.3LC, Pl. xvi. 8.] 



ORODES I. 



331 



No. 



21 
22 



23 

2-i 

25 
26 
27 
28 
29 



30 



31 



Weight 



32 



57-i 
56-: 



571 
61-5 

55-4 
61-6 
60-4 
59-1 
52-6 



64-8 



21-5 



Mrtal 

SiZK 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -76 
M -8 



M -85 
M -85 

.R -8 
M -75 
.R -75 
.R -75 
M -75 



M -8 



yR -8 



^ -45 



With, star and crescent on Obverse 

Silver 
Drachms 



Similar to Nos. 1 ff. ; but in front, star ; 
and behind, crescent upwards. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar to N"os. 1 ff. 
in front, K ; behind, B 

Similar, with A PCAKOV 

7?. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XVI. 10.] 



m{?) 



6 



[Plate lxxix. 33.] 



Similar : inscr. much blundered. 



e 



[B.M.C., Pl. XVI. 13.] 

(No. 30 is pierced,) 

I T (?) 



Bronze 



Inscr. barely legible, or off coin. Eagle 
walking r., with wings half open and 
wreath in beak ; in front, J^ 



[B.M.G., Pl. xvii. 1.] 



B u 2 



332 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 


33 


17-5 


M -35 


Similar. 


Inscr. barely legible, or off coin. Head of 
horse r. ; in front, 7r^ 


3^ 


17 


2E -35 


[B.M.C, Pl. XVII. 3.] 


35 


19 


M -45 


Similar. 


Inscr. barely legible, or off coin. Bow in 
case ; in field r., 7R 


36 


13 


M -45 


1 (much worn.) 
[B.M.C., Pl, XVII. 4.] 


37 


30 


JE -4 


Similar. 


Inscr. off coin. Portress (or city -gate), 
consisting of two tall central towers 
flanked by two shorter ones. 








IBJLC, Pl. XVII. 5.] 








With star and crescent on Obverse ; wart on temple * 








Silver 








Drachm 








Similar to Nos. 21 ff., but king has wart 
on temjole. 


Similar to Nos. 21 f. ; whole inscr. blun- 
dered. 


38 


61-6 


.R -8 












With star and crescent on Obverse ; anchor on Eeverse 








SiLVEE 








Dr a c hms 








Similar to Nos. 21 ff. 


Similar to Nos. 21 f., but behind, anchor 
inverted ; inscr. blundered. f 


39 


61-8 


Al -8 




e 


40 


60 


Al -75 




)5 








[BJI.a, Pl. XVII. 7.] 








M«l°"p*.'58Sn:te""' "' ''''"''''' ''■''■^■' ^^ '^^"•' ^^^ ^'^° ^^ ^«*™--' ^«-«- 








t On both specimens it is quite doubtful wha 


t the two lines beneatt are meant to represent. 



ORODES I. 



333 



No. 



41 
42 

43 



41 

45 



46 



47 



48 

49 
50 
51 



Weight 



59-9 
52-2 

55-5 



59 
56-3 



57 



56-5 



58-5 

58-3 

57 

48-4 



Metai, 
Size 



M -76 
M -7 

M -75 



M -75 
M -8 



JR. -8 



M -75 



M -75 

M -75 
M -7 

Al -75 



Obverse 



Reverse 



With two stars and orescent on Obverse ; wart on forehead ; anchor on Reverse 



SiLYEE 
Drachms 



Similar to Nos. 21 ff. ; bat beneath 
crescent, a second star ; king has wart 
on forehead, while his spiral necklace 
has half sea-horse ornament at end. 



Similar to Nos. 21 f . ; but behind, anchor 
inverted. 



7K 



[B.M.C, Pl. XVII. 9.] 

7^ (A PCAK-V) 



Similar. 



Similar to Nos. 23 S. ; last part of inscr. 
blundered through lack of space. 



Similar. 



Similar, with longer beard. 



rf 



(No. 45 is probably restruok.) 

Similar to Noa. 23 ff . ; but behind, inverted 
anchor. 

7r\ ; above anchor, crescent upwards. 

[B.M.C: Pl. XVII. 11.] 

Y^; above anchor, 4' (APCAKOV) 

[Plate lxxix. 34.] 



Similar to Nos. 21 f . ; but behind, in- 
verted anchor surmounted by trident. 

7?; 

[Plate lxxix. 35.] 



334 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



Wei&ht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Retekse 



PHEAATES IV.* 



Circa 37 — 2 B.C. 



It leas against Phraates IV. that Antonyms Parthian campaigns loere conducted, and 

it was he who restored to Rome the standards captured at Carrhae. From 

his reign onwards the Parthian telradrachms regularly hear the 

month and year of issue. 



SiLVBB. 

T e t r a d r a c h m s 



The superior style of No. 1 suggests that it is earlier than No. 2, with lohich it 
has otherwise much affinity. 



202-5 



M 1-1 



Bust of Phraates IV. 1., diademed ; wart 
on temple ; hair in flowing locks ; beard 
brought to a point; wears spiral 
necklace, and cuirass, the shoulder- 
piece of which is decorated with pellets, 
and 1. breast with a star; border of 
dots. 



(above) 



BAZIAEflZ 
BACIAEHN 

APCAKqY .,1 J ^ 

EYEPTET'Y ^ ^■' '^^'^^^'^^^^ds) 

AIKAIDY (in ex., towards 1.) 
ETTI<I>ANdYC (tol., 

<t>IAEAAHND[i;] downwards) 

Phraates IV., wearing tunic and loose 
trousers, seated r. on throne with back, 
receiving palm-branch from r. hand of 
Tyche of City, who stands before him 
1., draped and wearing kalathos, with 
cornucopiae in 1. 

in second line of ex., traces of date. 
[Plate lxxx. 1.] 



Similar. 



209-, 



M 1-2 



(above) 



BAZIA[EIiZ] 
BAZIAEHN 

APZAKDY 
EYEPrET«Y ' ^■' °o^'"'^ai'as) 

AIKAI-Y (in ex., towards 1.) 
EHKDANQYZ (to 1., 

[<I>I]AEAAHN«Z downwards) 

Similar type ; but Tyche hands diadem : 
m second line of ex., towards r., date. 

HEPIZnZ [=26 B.C.] t 



* Nos. 9-23, 25-27, and 31-33 were prescnteLl in 3895 

t The third letter resembles Z rather than P, but the month must be n.p.V.o.. 



PHRAATES IV. 



335 



No. 



Weight 



209-3 



208-9 
231-5 

223 



56-3 

55-2 



Metal 
Size 



A\ 105 



M 1-05 



M 1 



M 1-1 



M -7 
/R -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar; but shoulder-piece decorated 
■^vitli large star, aud 1. breast with [?]. 



no border visible. 



Similar, but shoulder-piece decorated with 
eagle 1., and 1. breast -with star. 



(no border visible) 
(decorations obscure) 



(above) 



[BAZIAEIiS] 
BAZIACEflN] 

[EY]EPrE[T»Y] (to 1"., downwards) 
AIKAI«Y (beneath, towards 1.) 
[E]ni«|)ANoYZ (toL, 

[4>I]AEAAHN»Z downwards) 

Similar ; but Tyche hands palm-branch ; 
no ex. line. 

YHEPZnCZ] [=25 B.C.]* 



Same inscr. (?) f Phraates IV. seated r., 
as on preceding coins, receiving a 
diadem from the r. hand of Athena, 
who stands before him 1., wearing 
crested helmet and chiton, with spear 
in 1. ; beneath, towards r., in second 
line, date ; no ex. line. 

-- n --1 



[Plate lxxx. 2.] 

I [- - -] 



TJie draclims and the bronze coins of Phraates IV. are here arranged, as hi B.M.C. 
according to tlie adjuncts {if o.ny) that occur on the obverse. 

With eagle on Obverse 

Silver 

Drachms 



Bust of Phraates IV. 1., diademed; wart 
on temple ; hair in formal rows ; beard 
brought to a point ; wears linked 
necklace, and cuirass ; behind, eagle 1., 
holding in beak a wreath which he is 
about to place on the king's head ; 
border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ ., . 
BAZIAEHN ^^^°^^> 

AP ZAKOV (to r., downwards) 

AlKAloV (beneath, towards 1.) 

Eni<l>ANoVZ 
<|)|AEAAHNoZ 

Arsaces seated r. on throne w-ith back, 
looking along the string of a bow which 
he holds in r. ; in front, J\ 



(to 1., downwards) 



[n.M.a, Pl. XX. 4.] 

I (A PZAKOV) 
[Plate lxxx. 3.] 

* YTTEP ( = "TirepPipiTaLos) is not quite certain, 
t Not fully legible on any of the speoimeng here catalogued. 

+ The type is charaofceristio of the year HTTZ [=24 B.C.]. Cf. B.M.C, pp. 105 f., 
Nos. 34 ffi, and Von Petrowioz, Arsa.ciden-Munzen, p. 84, Nos. 33 ff. 



336 



KmGS or PARTHIA 



No. 



9 
10 



11 

12 



13 



14 



15 
16 



17 
18 



19 



Weight 



20 
13-5 



22 
13-5 



17 



18 



23-5 
21-5 



25-5 
20-5 



IG 



Metal 
Size 



JE -3 
^ -4 



M -55 
M -5 



M -4 



JE -4 



Similar. 



M -45 
^ ■4, 



M -35 
^ -4 



M -35 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Eetebse 



Brokze 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Head of 
Helios, radiate, facing; to 1., crescent 
upwards; to r., J^ 



[B.M.G., Pl. XXI. 9.] 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Head of 
Tyche of City r., wearing kalathos ; in 
front, 7?; (?) 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXI. 13.] 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Arsaces, 
seated r. on thi'one, looking along 
string of bow which he holds in r. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 14.] 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Head of bull 
facing, with star between horns ; to 1., 
crescent upwards, containing star- to 



IB.M.a, Pl. XXI. 15.] 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Horse stand- 
ing r. ; in front, palm-branch : above 

7?v 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXI. 17.] 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Caduceus, 
winged; in field r., Tj^ (?) 



[BJLC, Pl,. XXI. 21.] 



Same 



mscr. (fragmentary). Two ears of 
corn, upright ; between them, bunch of 
grapes, beneath wLich, 7^ 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXI. 22.] 



PHRAATES IV. 



337 



No. 



20 



21 



0-2 



23 



24 



26 
26 
27 



Weight 



13-5 



16-5 



19-5 



58-6 



Met.41, 

Size 



.E -35 



^ -35 



^ -So 



M -35 



J^ -7 



21 


iE -35 


20'5 


iE -35 


20 


^ -4 


VOL. III. 





Obverse 



Eevebse 



Similar. 



Same inscr. (frngmentarj). Two cornua- 
oopiae; ia tield r., '/^ 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXI. 23.] 



Similar. 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Crescent 
upwards, containing star; to r., [^] 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXI. 24.] 



Similar. 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Kantharos : 
to 1., [/!j^] ; to r., star. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXI. 25.] 



Similar. 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Terminal 
figure; to 1., caduceus ; to r., "^ 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXI. 26.] 

With star and eagle on Obverse 

Silver 

Drachm 

Bust of Phraates IV. 1., as on Nos. 7 ff. ; j BACIAEHC 

ia front, star; behind, eagle 1., holding i BACIAEHN 

in beak a wreath which he is about | /^p CAKOY 

to place upon the king's head; border EYEPFEToY 
of dots. AIKAIOY 



(above) 

(to r., downwards) 

(beneath, towards 1.) 



^!Vit^A u°kTS (to 1-, downwards) 
<|)IAEAAHN0C "^ 

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual 

attitude, with bow. 

in front, above bow. A, and beneath bow, 
Y (?) ; behind, palm. 

[Plate lxxx. 4.] 



Bbonze 



Similar. 



Same inscr. (fragmentary) . Naked winged 
figure (Bros) standing 1., holding patera 
over altar. 



\_B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 5.] 



X X 



338 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



28 
29 



56-1 

67-4 



JR -8 
M -7 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



"With star, -within crescent, and eagle on Obverse 

SlLVBE 

Draclinis 

Similar to No. 24. 



Similar to No. 24 ; but star lies within 
crescent upwards. 



in front, J^ 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 10.] 



Without adjuncts on Obverse 



Silver 



Drachm 



30 



58-1 



M -75 



Bust of Phraates IV. 1., as on Nos. 7 S. 
no adjuncts ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxx. 6.] 



AP ZAK»Y (to r., downwards) 

EYEPrEToY ,, ^^v, + /I ^^ 
AlKAiroYl ("eueath, towards 1.) 

Eni<t>ANOYZ (tol., 

[<t>]IAEAAHNOZ downwards) 
Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual 
attitude, with bow. 

in front, Tf^ 



(No. 30 ia pierced.) 



31 

32 
33 



24-5 
19-5 
18 



M -4 
^ -4 



Bronze 



Similar. 



Same inscr. (fragmentary). Fortress (or 
gateway), consisting of three tall central 
towers flanked by two shorter ones. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXIII. 4.] 



VONONES I.— ARTABANUS III. 



339 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse Revkesb 








VONONES I.* 








Circa 8—12 a.d. 








Phraates IV. in Ms turn met his end hy parricide, being slain by one of Ms younger 
sons, Phraataces, loho took 7w's fatlier's place on the throne. He was driven out 
after a few years, and replaced hy Orodes II., a member of the royal house, though 
not a direct descendant of Phraates IV. Orodes II. proved a tyrant, and was 
murdered after a very short reign. He was succeeded by Vonones I. (the eldest 
son of Phraates PV.), who was summoned from Borne in the hope that he might bring 
peace to the troubled kingdom. The Eev. inscr. on the following pieces refer to his 
initial success over his rival, Artabanus III. 






BnoNZR 








Traces of inscr. Bust of Vonones T. 1., 
with pointed beard and short hair ; 
■wears diadem, earring, and spii'al neck- 
lace ; border of dots. 


BACIAeVC (above) 
ONWNHC (to r., downwards) 
NeiKHCAC (beneath, towards 1.) 
APTABANON (to 1., upwards) 
7^ in centre of inscr. 


1 


32-5 


M -5 


details obscure. 


inscr. partly off coin. 


2 


32-6 


M -45 


M n 


») j» 








IB.M.C, Pt;. xxiT. 10.] 








ARTABANUS lll.f 








Circa 10—40 a.d. 








Artabanus III. loas set up as a rival to Phraates IV., lohose subjects were 

dissatisfied with the effeminate habits he had acquired in the West. At 

first unsuccessful, Artabanus finally ousted Phraates, and 

enjoyed an unusually long reign. 








BUONZB 








Bust of Artabanus III. 1., diademed, with 
pointed beard and flowing hair ; wears 
spiral necklace, and cuirass. 


Crescent, containing star. 


1 


26 


M -45 












[B.M.C. Ph. XXV. 12.] 








(This coin is oblong in shape.) 








* Both of the coins of Vonones I. w 
t The solitary coin of Artabanus III 


ere presented in 1895. 
here catalogued was presented in 1895. 



X X 2 



310 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



VARDANES I* 



Circa 41 — 45 a.d. 



Vardanes I. loas one of the sons of Artabanus III. Authorities differ as to wJietlier 

he or his brother Gotarzes ioas the immediate successor of their father. 

But it is certain that, after a struggle of a few years' duration, 

the latter became sole rider.f 



Silver 



Bust of Vardanes I. ]., diademed, with 
short beard and flowing hair, which is 
represented by wavy lines ; wears ear- 
ring, spiral necklace, and cnirass; boi'der 
of dots. 



57-7 



Al -85 



20 
18 
12 



iB -46 
M -45 
jE -4 



A I : ND (to r., downwards) 
AVC i rCT[- -] 
AIXAIDV 

C[:n]i<t>ANnvc 

[--lAHXDC 

Arsaces seated r. 
attitude, with bow. 



(beneath, 

towards 1.) 

(to 1., 

downwards) 
on throne, in usual 



in front, J3^ 
[Plate lxxx. 6.] 



Beokze 



Simila 



Nike, wearing chiton, standing r., hold- 
ing diadem in outstretched r. ; oblong 
border of dots. 



13 



AS -35 



[B.3I.C.,'Pl. XXVI. !).] 



Simila 



Male figure, wearing short chiton, stand- 
ing to front, head 1. ; his r. hand is 
raised, and he holds cornucopiae in 1. ; 
oblong border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 10.] 



« All of the coins of Vardanes I. here catalogued were presented in 1895. 
t See B.M.C., pp. xlv. t, especially the comparative table on p. xlv. 



VARDANES I.— GOTARZES 



34] 



No. 



Weight 



20 
18 
14 



58 

65-4 

53-8 

52-7 
52-2 
52 
47-2 



Metal 
SlZli 



M -45 
JE -46 
.E -35 



M -8 

M -8 

M -75 

JR -85 
Ml -8 

^l -75 

M -8 



Obverse 



Similar. 



no border visible. 



Reverse 



Eagle standing three-quarter face towards 
r., v^rith wings open and wreath in beak ; 
in front, palm ; oblong border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 11.] 
(Nos. 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7 are all of very irregular 



GOTARZES * 



Circa 40—51 A.D. 

After finally disposing of Ms rival, Gotarzes maintained Us position securely 
until his death. His coinage was very extensive. 

Silver 
Drachms 



Bust of Gotarzes 1., diademed, with long 
beard and flowing hair; wears spiral 
necklace, and cuirass ; border of dots. 



A I- CANDP> (to r., downwards) 

= ^F-^S.^JR^ (beneath, towards 1.) 
AIXAIDV ^ ' 

J.^'."''A^A^iPvYfr (to !•' downwards) f 
■fiA:AAHALJL 

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual 

attitude, with bow. 

in front, ^ 

5) ») 



1) T) 

(No. 3 is pierced.) 



in front, ^ 



)> i> 



55 )» 



[Plate lxxx. 7,] 



* All except Nos. 2—7 were presented in 1895. , . , . , .. 

words has the form A- 
± Washed with silver. 



342 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



10 

11 



12 
13 
14 



15 
16 



17 



Weight 



11-5 



18 



20 
14-5 



17-5 
15-5 



24 
20 



21-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -4 



M -43 



M -4, 
M -4 



M -35 
M -35 

JE -4 



M -4 
M -45 



M '5 



Obverse 



Reveese 



Bkonzb 



Similai'. 



Half-lengtli iigure of Artemis standing to 
front, head r. ; holds bow in 1., and 
with r. draws arrow from quiver ; 
border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pr,. XXVII. 9.] 



Simila 



Three-quarter length figure of Athena, 
standing to front, head 1., helmeted 
and wearing chiton ; she leans with r. 
on spear, and holds shield in 1. ; border 
of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 10.] 



Similar. 



Half-length figure of Tyche of City r., 
draped and wearing tnrreted head- 
dress, holding palm-branch ; oblong 
border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 12.] 



Similar. 



Three-quarter length figure of Tyche of 
City r., draped, wearing head-dress, 
holding palm-branch; border of dots 
of ordinary form. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 13.] 



Similar. 



Bust of King ]., wearing helmet bound 
with diadem, and cuirass; border of 
dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 17.] 



Similar. 



Gotarzes, wearing helmet with diadem, 
seated r. on horseback ; border of dots.' 



in front, (?) (?) 
[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 20.] 



GOTARZES 



343 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



18 
19 
20 
21 



23 

24 
25 
26 

27 
28 

29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 



23-5 
19 
17-5 
14-6 



14-5 



M -4 
M -45 
M -45 

^E -45 



M -4 



19-6 


20-5 


18-5 


9-5 


21 


19-5 


24-5 


21-5 


21 


20 


19-5 


18-6 


14-5 


9 



M -55 

M -45 

M -5 

M -45 

M -45 

JE -4 

M -45 

M -4 

M -4 

^ -4 

M -35 

J3 -4 

^ -4 

^ -35 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual 
attitude, with bow; square border of 
dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 22.] 



Gotarzes, draped and wearing diademed 
helmet, seated 1. on rock, holding 
palm-branch in r. ; border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVII. 24.] 



Eagle 1., with wings open and wreath at 
feet ; border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. xxviii. 1.] 

Head of griffin 1. ; border of dots. 

[B.M.C, Pl. xxviii. 3.] 

Head of horse r., within wreath. 

[B.M.C, Pl. xxviii. 5.] 

Amphora ; oval border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. xxviii. 6.] 



344 



KINGS OF PAKTHIA 



No. 



37 



38 
39 



40 
41 
42 



Weight 



22-5 



19 
18 



16-5 

14 

14 



23-5 

23 

19 

17 

10 



Metal 
Size 



M -45 



JE -45 
Ji -5 



M -4 
M -45 
^ -4 



M -4 

M -4 

JE -4 

M -35 

JE -45 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Hand r., holding oaduceus ; oval border of 
dots. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXVIII. 7.] 



Similar. 



Pomegranate ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



[B.M.C., Pl. xxviii. 10.] 



Wreath. 



IB.M.C, Pr,. xxviii. U.] 



VOLAGASES I.* 



Circa 51 — 78 A.D. 



Gotarzes was succeeded hy Vonones II., who reigned for only a few months. 

He left the crown to his son, Volaganes I. His reign was troubled 

hy internal reoolt and hy foreign wars. 



Bronze 



Bust of Volagases I. ]., bearded ; hair in 
formal rows; vrears diadem, spiral 
necklace, and cuirass ; border of dots. 



Head of horse r. ; in front, 7J^ (or "p^) 
border of dots. * 



IB.M.C., Pl. XXIX. 4.] 



* All of the coins of Volagases here catalogued were presented in 1895. 



VOLAGASES I.— VARDANES II. 



345 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



6 

7 



20 



JE -45 
M -55 



M -4 



1 

2 
3 



55-7 

56 
59-1 



M -85 



M -9 



M -75 



22-5 



M -45 



Bust of Volagases I. 1., diademed, and 
liaving pointed beard and flowing hair ; 
wears earring and sjDiral necklace ; 
border of dots. 



Atliena standing to front, head r., leaning 
with r. on spear, while her 1. rests on 
her shield, which stands beside her on 
the ground ; oblong border of dots. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXIX. S.] 

Similar. I 2 "'ith.in oblong border of dots. 

IB.M.C, Pl. XXIX. 13.] 

VARDANES II.- 

The folloioing coins may lelonrj to Vardanes II., irho revolted from his father 

(Volagases I.) circa 55 a.d. He did not succeed in establishing 

aiuj permanent power. 

SiLVEK 

Drachm s 



Bust of Vardanes II., beardless, facing ; 
wart on 1. temple ; wears spiral neck- 
lace, cuirass, and helmet, decorated in 
front with three horns and round its 
edges with pellets ; on either side, star 
of six rays ; border of dots. 



DADAEAC 
DAEIAEAN 

Al IAND> 

IVEirETD> 
AIXAIDV 
mi + ANDVC 

+IA:AAHXnC 

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual 
attitude, with bow ; in front, ^ 



(above) 

(to r., downwards) 

(beneath, towards 1.) 

(to 1., downwards) f 



(No. 1 is pierced.) 



[Plate lxxx. 8.] 



Bkonze 



Similar. 



Naked male figure (Zeus ?) standing r. 
within shrine formed by two columns 
and an arch ; holds eagle in 1., and has 
r. hand drawn back. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXIX. 17.] 



* All but the first of the following pieces were presented in 1895. ' 

t This is the most ordinary form ; but there are slight variations, and portions are often 
off the flo.n . 

Y y 



346 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



Weight 



ilKTAL 

Size 



19-5 
17 



46-5 



^ -45 
JE -4 



JE 



20 



JE -6 



Obverse 



Retekse 



PACORUS II.* 
C'ii-ca 77—110 A.D. 

Tlie death of Volagases I. inauijunited for Parthia a long period of iateraul strife, 

the details of which are veri/ inadequately known. Over a protracted period 

of years different Icings are found strilcing coins at iuterrah, 

sometimes contemporaneously. '\ 

Beonze 

First Coinage 

Head of Pacorus II. 1., diademed and Kantharos (or amphora) ; border of dots, 
■with flowing locks ; no beard ; Avears 
earring and spiral necklace ; border of 
dots. 

border off coin. 



\_B.:\I.C., Pl. XXX. 7.] 



Second L'oinago 



Bust of Pacorus II. 1., diademed, and 
having short beard and whiskers ; hair 
in formal rows ; wears spiral necklace 
and cuirass; in front, date, downwards; 
border of dots. 



E9T [=83 A.D.] 



Bust of Tyche of City r., draped, and 
wearing turreted head-dress ; border 
of dots. 



in front, A 
[Plate lxxx. 9.] 



Third Coinage 



Bust of Pacorus II. 1., with short beard; 
he wears earring, spiral necklace, 
cuirass, and helmet, which is diademed 
and decorated with star; border of dots. 



details obscure. 



Nike advancing r., holding wi-eath and 
palm ; border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXXI. 3.] 
(No. 4 is very irregular in shape.) 



* All but No. 3 were presented in 1895. 
t Sec the Table in B.II.C, pp. liii. ff. 



PACORUS II.— OSROES— VOLAGASES II. 



347 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








OSROES * 








drra 106—130 A.D. 








Ot<yoes was flie hrotlier of Facorus II. It was dnrhuj his reign that Trajan 








can-ied out his victorious Parthian campaign. 








Beonzb 


1 


13 


M -4 


Bust of Osroes 1., diademed, with pointed 
beard ; hair arranged in great bunclies; 
border of dots. 


GrifBn seated r. ; border of dots. 








[B.M.G., Pr,. XXXII. 6.] 

( 








, VOLAGASES II. f 
Circa 77 — 47 a.d. 










. 




Bronze 


1 


23-5 


M -4 


Bust of Volagases II. 1., witli short 
beard ; ringlet falls over 1. temple ; 
wears helmet with hooked ajspendages 
and diadem, earring, spiral necklace 
and cuirass ; border of dots. 


Eagle standing to front, head 1., with 
wings open and wreath in beak ; 
border of dots. 


2 


18 


M -35 






3 


16-5 


M -45 






4 


14 


M -35 






5 


10 


M -35 












[B.M.C., Pl. XXXII. 13.] 








The attribution of the following to Volagases II. is very douhtful.\ 








Bust of king 1., with long pointed beard; 
wears necklace, cuu'ass, and helmet, 
which is diademed and decorated with 
spiked appendages and hooked device ; 
behind, T (p) ; border of dots. 


Tyclie of City, draped and wearing 
turreted head-dress, seated 1. on short 
column, raising her r. hand to her 
lips ; in front, downwards, date ; 
border of dots. 


6 


115-5 


JK -7 




TKY [=111 A.D.] 








[Plate lxxx. 10.] 








* This coin of Osroes was presented in 1895. 








t All but No. 6 were presented in 1895. 








X See B.U.C., p. 215, f 


ootnotc. 1 



y Y 2 



348 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



1 

2 

3 

4 



Weight 



56-9 
51-7 

49-5 
46-3 



16-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -7 
JR -7 

.R -75 
.R -8 



JE -4 



Obverse 



Reverse 



MITHRADATES IV.* 
Ci'rm 130—147 A.D. 



The date am<jHed to this Ichuj is conjectural. His name is Tchowh from certain 

(h-aclims which hear, in addition to the Greek inscription, a legend 

in Pchhi letters.-^ 



Silver 
Drachms 



Bust of Mithradates IV. 1., diademed, 
witli long pointed beard and flowing 
liair; wears earring, spiral necklace, 
and cuii'ass ; border of dots. 



aAllAhAC ,.s 
□All HAM ^^^°^^^ 
A I- IANDp> (to r., downwards) 

IVIiriTQ n fi + ^ ^^ 
AIXAInV (beneath, towards I.) 

ini+AMnVC /+ 1 1 . ^ 

+ IA|AAHXnC (to l-> downwards) 

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usnal 
attitude, ivith bow ; in front, 7^ 

inscr. partly oif coin. 



[Plate lxxx. 11.] 

inscr. partly off coin. 

I " n 

(Xo. 4 is pierced.) 



Beoxze 



Bust of Mithradates IV. 1., diademed, 
with pointed beard and flowing hair; 
wears earring and necklace; border of 
dots. 



Humped bull reclining r., head facing; 
above, crescent upwards ; border of 
dots. 









Similar. 


\ 


6 


18-5 


.E -4 






7 


1.5-.^ 


M -4 






8 


1.5 


JE. -4 






9 '■: 


12 5 


xEi ' '6 h 







[£.J/.C., Pl. XXXIII. 14.] 

Bull's head, facing ; border of dots. 



[-B.J/.C, Pl. XXXIII. 15.] 



* Xos. 4—11 were presented in 189.5. 
t Sec BJI.C, pp. 219 f., Xos. 2.5—28. 



MITHBADATES IV.— VOLAGASES III. 



349 



No. 



Weight 



Met.4l 
Size 



10 



18 



M -35 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



Similar. 



Eagle standing r., with wings closed and 
•wreath in beak ; border of dots. 



[BJIC, Pi.. XXXIII. 18.] 



Similar. 



11 



10-6 



M -5 



Horned sheep, reclinilig r. ; above, to 1., 
A ; border of dots. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXXIII. 22.] 



VOLAGASES III. 



Circa 147—191 A.D. 

^'ohl<JlJ'«}» III., >i:lio succeeded Volagioses II., loitiiessed a continuous decline 
of Parthian power. It loas during his reign that L. Vcrus -wrested Edessa 
and We.-<terit Meso2)otamia from Parthian doiiiinatioii. The first line of the 
inscription on the drachms gives his name and title in Pehlvi characters 
(=Volgasi malka). The Greek portion becomes more and more harharous. 

Silver 

Drachms 



52-7 
62-2 



M -8 



M -85 



495 



M -7 



Bust of Volagases III. 1., with long 
beard ; wears earring, spiral necklace, 
cuirass, and diademed helmet with flap 
and spike- Shaped appendages; border 
of dots. 



^Hl+it;>b 

DAIIAI- 
<l IANn> 

IVIiriTD 
AXIADV 

txa'^aahd (*° '■' ^°^^^^-'^) 

Arsaces seated r. on throne, in usual 
attitude, "with bow ; in front, J^ 



(above) 

(to r., downwards) 

(beneath, towards 1.) 



[Plate lxxx. 12.] 



Similar. 



Similar ; inscr. more barbarous. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXXIV. 7.] 
(No. 3 has been used as an amulet. A portion of the clasp remains attached to it.) 



350 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



Wei&ht 



64 



13-5 



120-5 



86 



133-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -65 



M -4 



M -75 



JG -8 



M -85 



Obverse 



Eevebse 



Bronze 



Bust of Volagases III. 1., with long beard ; 
wears necklace, cuirass, and diademed 
helmet with flap ; in front, date, down- 
wards ; border of dots. 

€OY [ = 163a.p.] 



Similar ; no date. 



Bust of Tyche of City r., wearing turreted 
head-dress ; in front, A ; border of 

dots. 



Wheel-like device ; felloe formed by 
border of dots ; in alternate angles, 
pellet, or r\ 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXXV. 2.] 



The following remarlcaUe bronze pieces were prolahhj struck at Edessa* 

Tlie Pehlvi legend appears, in some cases at least, to read ' Volagases 

Arsaces, King of hings.' 



Bust of Volagases III. 1., with long 
beard; wears earring, necklace, and 
diademed helmet with flap, hooked 
appendages, and (obscure) device ; 
behind, R ; border of dots. 



(from I., upwards) 
I surrounded by inscr. ; all within 
wreath. 



[Plate lxxx. 13.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



It/>1 (to 1., downwards) 

(above) 

--- (tor.) 

L ] (beneath) 

Similar. 

[Plate lxxx. 14.] 
Inscr. indecipherable. Similar. 



[Plate lxxx. 15.1 



also given 



.See B.II.C, p. 236, footnote, where a list of referenees regarding the i 



insoriptiou is 



VOLAGASES III.— VOLAGASES V. 



351 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



56-6 ! Al -75 



M •£ 



Obverse 



Reverse 



VOLAGASES IV. 



Circa 191—208 a.d. 



It was during the reign of this Icing that Septimius Severim inflicted a crushing 
defeat on the Partkians, who had sided with his rival, Pescemiius Niger. The 
Bee. of the drachns hears the name and title of YoJagases in Pehlvi characters. 



Silver 
Drachms 



Bust of Volagases IV., facing, with long 
pointed beard and moustache ; hair 
aiTang-ed in three large bunches, the 
central one of which is bound by 
diadem ; wears spiral necklace and 
cuirass ; border of dots. 



LI7IX\t/7ll (above), beneath which, 
and also beneath type and at sides, 
barbarous Greek inscr. Arsaces seated 
r. on throne, in usual attitude, with 
bow ; in front, 7^ 



[Plate lxxx. 16.] 

t/7ll off coin. 



VOLAGASES V.* 



I i 



56-6 



M -85 



Circa 208—222 a.d. 

Volagases IV., the date of whose death is doubtful, was succeeded hy his son, 
Volagases V. A younger son, Artidtumin V., subsequently revolted against the 
new Icing (213 A.D.), and after a struggle of uncertain duration, gained the crown 

for himself. 

Silver 
Drachm 



Bust of Volagases V. 1., with long pointed 
beard ; wears necklace and diademed 
helmet, which has flap, spiked ap- 
pendages, and ^ on side ; behind, 1 ; 
border of dots. 



IJ7IX If7[l!>] (above), beneath which, 
and also beneath type and at sides, 
barbarous Greek inscr. Arsaces seated 
r. on throne, in usual attitude, mth 
bow ; in front, ^ 



[Plate lxxx. 17.] 



* The coins of Volagases V. and of Artabaiius V. were presented in 1895. 



352 



KINGS OF PARTHIA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



55 



50-9 



M -8 



M -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ARTABANUS V. 
Circa 213 — 227 a.d. 

The rohjH of this Icing saw the rise of the Sa sua uian power that was to 
give the death-bloiv to the kingdom of Parthia. 

SllVEB 

Drachms 

BustofArtabanus V. 1.,-vvitli long pointed U7IXI7nik1 (above), beneath wMch, 
beard ; wears necklace and diademed and also beneath type and at sides, 

helmet with flap, spiked appendages, barbarous Greek inscr. Arsaces seated 

and : on side ; border of dots. r. on throne, in usual attitude, with 

bow ; in front, monogram. 

A 

[Plate lxxx. 18.] 

A 



UNCERTAIN KING 

The head on the folhui-imj coin bears some rescntlilnnfe to the portrait on the coins 
assigned to Artai-dsdcs, possibly a son. of Artabanvs V. * 



53-5 



M -S 



Head of king 1., with forked beard ; 
wears necklace, and diademed helmet 
decorated with pellets and having flap 
and spiked appendages ; border of dots. 



Inscr., partly off coin, barbarous. Arsaces 
seated r. on throne, in usual attitude, 
with bow ; in front, "J^ 



(No. 1 is pierced.) 

[Plate lxxx. 19.] 



* The resemblance was pointed out to me first by Mr. Wroth. See BMC c xv fontnntp 
There was probably a Pehlyi inscription on the die, but the^Jan is too small' to make' it visible 
a few traces can be discerned. viaiuie, 



[The Sassanian coins, of which the Hunter Collection possesses a fah- 
number, have been placed among the Oriental pieces.] 



UNCERTAIN KINGS 



353 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Ebverse 



250-5 



231 



.E 1 



^ 1-1 



244-5 



2E -95 



CHAEACENE 

This district lay along the banks of the Tigris. Originally it formed part of the 

kingdom of Parthia ; but it appears to have attained independence at an early 

period. The following are among the latest issues of coins struclc in Characene. 

The difficulties in the way of their precise attribution appear almost insuperable.'^' 

UNCERTAIN KINGS 

Bkonze 

Second Century a.d. 



\'^\A (behind, downwards) 
/^O-^/ fin front, downwards") 

Bust of king r., bearded, wearing lofty- 
tiara, bound with diadem, and having 
cuirass and cloak ; border of dots. 



inscr. doubtful. 



inscr. doubtful. 



(from r., downwards) 
Head of king r., with pointed beard ; 
hair arranged in five bunches ; head 
bare ; border of dots. 



last part of inscr. oif coin. 
[Plate lxxx. 20.] 



[Plate lxxx. 21.] 



The folloioing coin is lumpier in fabric than either of the preceding. 



Inscr. obscure. Similar type ; bust larger; 
no border visible. 



Similar. 



inscr. partly ofi coiii. 
[Plate lxxx. 22.] 



* The coins of the earlier kings can be dealt -with more satisfactorily ; they form the 
snbieot of an article by Mons. E. Babelon (Journ. Intern, i., pp. 381 S. = Melanjes num., 
3rd series, pp. 221 flf.). The most recent effort to attribute the later coins is the elaborate 
study by Mons. E. Drouin {Rev. num., 1889, pp. 211 ff. and 361 ff.). 

t None of the traces on any of the specimens are inconsistent with M. Drouin's reading, 
which I have followed. The Eev. inscr. on No. 2 is almost complete, as will be seen from 
the Plate. 



Z Z 



354 



PERSIA 



No. 



Weioht 



Metal 
Size 



82-G 
82-5 



M -65 
M -65 



80-8 



7-6 



Al -6 



M -45 



Obverse 



Reverse 



PEESIA 

Tfie very extensive coinage of the Persian Icings is but _poorli/ represented in the 

Himter Cabinet. The districts where such pieces are found had not been 

opened up to any extent in the eighteenth century. 

Silver 

Circa 500—332 B.C. 

Persic Standard 



S igloi 



The King of Persia, bearded, and wearing 
kidaris and kandys, running r. ; in his 
r. he grasps a spear, the butt end of 
which is formed like an apple, and 
in his extended 1. a bow. 



Irregular incuse of oblong form. 



Half-length figure of the King of Persia, 
bearded and attired as above, standing 
r., holding short sword in r., and 
strung bow in 1. 



Circa 400 B.C. 

The follotoing is one of a series struck on the north-west coast of A.si,, Elinor 
under one or other of the great satraps. 

Phoenician Standard 
Ob ol 



Similar to Nos. 1 f. ; border of dots. 



Head of satrap r., bearded, and wearing 
Persian liead-di-ess ; plain border. 



INDIA 



355 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



INDIA 



The entire absence of Bactrian coins from the Hunter Cabinet is due to the fact 

that, in the end of the eighteen,th century, the regions from lohich these come had not 

ijet been opened up to European influence. The Greeh Icings of India are, for the 

same reason, represented in the scantiest manner. 



127 



M -9 



PACORES 



First Centiirij B.i 



34 



^ -5 



The date of this Icing is quite doubtful. Probably the dynasty to which 
he belonged loas of Parthian origin.* 



Beonze 



[BACIA€YC B]ACI A6WNM €r 

ACn[AKOPHC] (fromr., downv^-ards) 

Bust of king 1., diademed; hair in 

great buncli behind ; wears cairass and 

torque. 



T3:i"n:)5T^1~^ (to 1., downwards) 
[y T77/7T"7~^] (to r., downwards) 

Nike r., holding wreath and palm; 

beneath her wing, t£ 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. xxni. 8.] 



UNCERTAIN KING 



The types of the following piece are Parthian in character; bid the 
fabric appears rather to be Indian. 



Bronze 



Head of king L, diademed, with short 
pointed beard ; border of dots. 



Three-quarter length figure, naked to 
waist, advancing r., holding branch 
in r. ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxx. 23.] 



B.M.C., Greek and Scythic Coins of India, p. xliii. 



Z Z 2 



NOETHEEN AFEICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



57-8 .R -6 



EGYPT 

THE KmGDOM OF THE PTOLEMIES^^ 

PTOLEMY I. (SOTER) 

Circa 311—285 e.g. 

No coins appear to have been struck in Egypt until after its conquest hij Alexander 
the Great. On his death Ptolemy secured the satrapy of what was undoubtedly the 
wealthiest and most secure portion of his kingdom. At first he acted nominally as 
governor for Philip III. (Aridaeas) and Alexander IV. O.i the death of the latter 
(311 B.C.) he recognized no new master, but he did not formally assume the title 
BaCTtXcus until after that step had been taken by Antigonus (306 B.C.). Nos. 1 
and 2 probably fall within the interregnum (311 — 305 B.C.), No. 2 having been 
struck in Cyprus before its capture by Demetrius. 

Silver 
Rhodian Standard 



Drachm 



Head of Alexander the Great 
liorn of Ammon, wearing 
elephant, and aegis. 



no border visible. 



r., vs'ith 
skin of 



AAEj-ANAPoY (to ]., upwards) 
Athena Promachos, in attitude 
attack, r. ; in front, eagle r. 
thunderbolt; beneath which" Al 



of 
on 



no border visible. 
[Plate lxxx. 21^.] 



* The immense difficulties attachinst to the classification nf +Tio Pi-^i ■ 

known, The recent book of D. J. N. Svoronos (x/^oVCr °'c ^pir^^^l^ n^oriX/Arw 
far the most comprehensive effort yet made to grapple with these WhntW fl ■ I 

Svoronos are accepted in their entirety or not, hfs worl. has rcndlred ^. • °^ 

hypotheses quite untenable, and his Gorpls is likely to remain the standaTd bnlT ^7^"°''^ 
for years to come. It has, therefore seemed ronveniBnt t^f n "'\^.*'>''idai d book of reference 
even where his arguments are not coivincTng. arrangement simpliciter, 



PTOLEMY I. 



357 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



135 



JE -85 



109-5 



^r -7 



207-6 



241-8 



Al pi. 1-2 



M 1-1 



Obverse 



Kevebse 



Bronze 



Head of Cyprian Aplirodite r., -witli flow- 
ing hair ; wears earring and Stephanos, 
which is ornamented with conventional 
flowers and stars. 



PTOAEMCAIOY] (to v., downwards) 
Eagle standing 1., wings closed; in 
front, wreath. 



ex. off coin. 
[Cf. BJI.C., Pl. I. 9.] 

In spite of the difference in the inscr. of the Bev., Nos. 3 — 6 appear to belong to 
one and the same group* The continued use of the name and types of Alexander 

for the silver is remarhahle. 

GOLO 

Phoenician Standard 



Stater 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, with 
aegis round neck. 



PTOAEMAIOY . ^ . 
BAZIAEnZ ^^^°^^> 
Alexander the Great, naked but for 
aegis, standing in quadriga of elephants 
moving 1. ; he holds thunderbolt in r., 
and reins and sceptre in 1. 



in ex., ^ (?) Tl 

[Plate lxxx. 25.] 

SlLYEE 

Phoenician Standard 
Tetradrachms 



Head of Alexander the Great r., with horn 
of Ammon, weai'ing skin of elephant 
and aegis ; border of dots. 



A A EH A N A PO Y (to r., upwards) 
Athena Promachos, in attitude of 
attack, r. ; in front, eagle r. on 
thunderbolt ; border of dots. 



(g) to 1. ; I A in ex.; R1 to r. 

[Plate lxxx. 26. f] 

PSJ to 1. ; ^ and /^ to r. 



* The evidence on this point appears to be conclusive. See Svoronos, op. cit, pp. 19 ff., 
for lists. 

t The disfigurement of the coin (which is Tvell shown on the Plate) has all the appearance 
of having been done deliberately. 



358 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



54 



78-5 

74 



9 
10 
11 



23-7 
27-6 
27-4 



Metal 
Size 



Ai -6 



M -7 
M -7 



^ -4 
^ '4 
^ -4 



Oevebse 



Reverse 



Bkonze 



Head of Alexander the Great r., with 
horn of Ammon ; wears diadem, and 
has long hair. 



PTOAEMAIOY (to ]., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt ; 
wings open ; in front, monogram ; 
border of dots. 



The following are also early, as the corresponding silver hears the types 
and name of Alexander* 



Similar to No. 6. 



Similar to No. 6 ; but, in front, Corinthian 
helmet 1. and aplnstre ; no border 
visible. 

(inscr. illegible.) 



{B.M.C., Pl. II. 1.] 



Henceforward Ptolemy s own name and title appear on coins of all metals. 

The following group, in addition to the metals here represented, contained 

also silver pieces, struclc on the same standard as the gold.f The letter or 

monogram in the field indicates a magistrate rather than a mint. 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

Triobols 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis fastened round neck. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; in front, letter or mono- 
gram. 



A 



[Plate lxxs. 27.] 



* See Svoronos, op. cit., pp. 26 ff. 



t See Svoronos, op. cit., pp. 32 ff. 



PTOLEMY T. 



359 



No. 



12 

13 
14 



15 
16 

17 

18 
19 

20 



21 



Weight 



156 

138 
116-5 



210-4 
197-5 

212-7 
216-7 
218-3 

214-1 



226-9 



Metal 
Size 



M -9 

yE -75 
M -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Head of Alexander the Great r., witli 
horn of Amnion ; wears elephant's 
skin ; border of dots. 



Bronze 

Similar to preceding ; border of dots. 



M 1-1 

/R 1 

(plated ?) 

JR 1-15 
M -95 
M 1-1 

M 105 



M 1-1 



m 



(border off coin.) 



[B.M.C, Pl. III. 6.] 

171 (border and inscr. partly off coin. 



JVTos. 15 — 21 are precisely similar to tfie siUar coins of the preceding group, 

except that, instead of a single monogram or letter on the Eev., they have tioo, 

the upp)er one of lohich often remains constant -while the lower varies. 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard • 

T e t r a d r a li m s 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis fastened round neck ; 
behind ear, a microscopic A ; border 
of dots. 



(A donbtful.) 



PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
■wings open; in front, P, beneath which, 
varying monogram or letter. 



A 



Similar. 



l^ (border of dots) 

I 

(No. 19 is pierced.) 

A 

Similar, with <|> in place of P 
[Plate lxxx. 28.] 



360 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metat, 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



22 
23 

24. 



25 
26 



27 



28 
29 
30 



263 

239 5 

237 



244 
256 



104-4' 



■130-5 
118 
112 6 



^ 1-05 
M 1-1 

M 1 



^ 1-1 
M 1-1 



iR -8 



M -85 
iB -9 
^ -85 



The following are perha-ps contemporary loitli the preceding groups. 

Bbonze 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



HTOA MAIOY BAZIAEflZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; in front, A, beneath 
which, viirying monogram or letters ; 
border of dots. 



rp 

[B.M.C, Pl. hi. 4.] 

X 

Similar. Similar, with fi^ in place of A 

R 

Tl 

[Plate lxxx. 29.] 

Nos. 27 if. were struch in Cyrenaica. The bronxe coins hear the monogram o/Magas, 
Ptolemy's stepson, who controlled the province for fifty years. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

D idrachm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about iieok ; border of 
dots. 



PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEHS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed; in front, aplustre ; 
behind, crab. 



[Plate lxxx. 30.] 



Bkonze 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck. 



HTOAEMAIOY (above) 
BASIAEnS (beneath) 

Til under bolt with four wings ; beneath 

name of king, y^ 



[B.M.C, Pl. yi. 6.] 



PTOLEMY I.-PTOLEMY II. 



361 



No. 



31 
32 
33 



34 



35 



1 

2 

3 

4 



Weight j Metal 
1 Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



120 



.E -V: 



115 5 JE -7 



106 



JE -7 



JE -6 



49 .E -65 



PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEflS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 

wings open ; in front, ^\ 



[Plate lxxxi. 1.] 



Similar. 



219-2 


Al 1 


189-4 


.11 1 




(base) 


210 


M 1 


215 4 


M 105 


VOL. III. 





B ASI HT-AE (from 1., upwards) 
Forepart of Pegasos r. ; beneath, to 1. 
/V\', and to r. crab. 



(BA SI) 

[B.M.C., Pl. VI. 5.1 

PTOLEMY II. (PHILAUELPHUS) 

Clrni 285—246 B.C. 

Two yearn hefore his death Ptolemy I. ahdicated in favoiu- of his son, to whose long 

and on the whole most prosperous reign many varieties of coins are assigned. 

The pieces that do not appear to bear any date are here placed first. 

No. 4 has been couiiiermarlced at Byzantium. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

T e t r a d r a c h m a 



Head of Ptolemy 1. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; behind ear, 
a microscopic A ; border of dots. 



TTOAEMAIOY BAXIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, one above 
another, two monograms or groups of 
letters ; border of dots. 



(no A) 



EY and iAP (name oS coin) 
[Plate lxxxi. 2.] 

I pfp and A 

[D.M.C., Pl. IV. 9.] 

ZT and VR 



(no A) ; countermark, ]4^ 



]^ and A I 

[Plate lxxxi. 3.] 



3 A 



362 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



118-5 



Metal 
Size 



.E -8 



55-5 



JE -6 



212-6 



Obverse 



Eeveesk 



BeONZE 



Head of Alexander tlie Great r., with 
horn of Amnion, -wearing elephant's 
skin ; border of dots. 



Head of Arsinoe II. r., veiled and -svearing 
stephane ; border of dots. 



PToAEMAloY BAZIAEIIZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with 
■wings open ; in front, group of letters 
above monogram ; border of dots. 

EY and ;^ 



Similar, -with .star between letters and 
monogram. 



.R 1-05 



countermark, small male figure r A I and 171 
(ithyphallic ?) 

[Plate lxxxi. 4.] 



The Me t^T^p is said to have been hestowed on Ptolemy I. by the Bhodians after 

the great siege had been abandoned by Demetrius. It does not seem to have 

been used officially in Egypt until after his death* 



Silver 



Phoenician Standard 



Tetradrachm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
havmg aegis round neck; border of 
dots. 



[PTOAEM]AIOY §X2THP[0S] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. upon thunderbolt, 
with wings closed ; in front, one above 
another, three monograms or groups of 
letters ; border of dots. 



nr, Al, and ^ 

[Plate lxxxi. 5.] 

(No. 7 is pierced.) 



Sc^Ti^p must have been adoDtpd nffir^-.ii^ f T , '"^ "eht> then the title 

(See Niese, o....iZ ^ ss "i::."^:.::';^: n::T "'' ^^""^ '^^" ^"^^°^^" 



PTOLEMY II. 



363 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



He VERS E 



9 
10 

11 
12 
13 



426-7 

427-3 
428-5 

429 

429-3 

428-2 



14 



209-1 



^ 1 

iV 1-1 
N 1-05 

Ji 1-1 
N' 105 
N 1-1 



M 1-1 



Slime years after his accession Ptolemy II. had divorced Arsinoe I., and married 
Ills elder sister, Arsinoe II., a woman of strong character, who speedily acquired 
immense influence in home and foreign politics. She died circa 271 B.C., and was 
accorded dirine honours immediately therecfter.* If the nunjeral letters on the 
following coins represent years reclioned from the date of her death,-\ then that e.iient 
must have synchronized with a great series of changes in the coinage, \ including the 
introduction of bronxe pieces of exceptional weight and module. No. 14 
has been countermarlced at Byzantium, 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

Oc tadraclims 



Head of the deified Arsinoe II. r., veiled 
and -wearing stephane ; over 1. shoulder 
she carries sceptre, the top of -which is 
visible above her head ; lo-west lock of 
hair curves round ear so as to form a 
horn ; behind, numeral letter ; border 
of dots. 



A 

I 
H 



K 



APZINOHZ <|)IAAAEA<|>oY 

(from 1., up-wards) 
Double cornuoopiae, filleted and filled 
■with fruit ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxi. 6.] 
[Plate lxxxl 7.] 



[Plate lxxxi. 8.] 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard 

T etradr achm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis round neck ; behind, 
numeral letter ; border of dots. 



rXoAEMAloY suthpos 

(from 1., up-wards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with 
■wings closed ; bet-ween legs, X ; border 
of dots. 



letter not visible ; countermark, |\p' 

[Plate lxxxi. 9.] 

» On the date see Sfcrack in Bhein. Museum, ly., pp. 165 £E. Her (iivine title was Ota 

t This is the vie^w of Svoronos. 

J Besides the tetradraohms here represented (No. 14), there were silver decadraohma and 
tetradrachma with the head o£ Arainoe. (See Svoronos, op. cit, pp. 64 fe.) 

3 A 2 



364 



EGYPT 




OnVEKSE 



Reverse 



Bronze * 

The following are grouped according to denominations. Witliiii each denomination 
the sequence of numercd letters is followed, those which have no letter being placed 
first. With the exception of No. 28 cdl these pieces have a small hole in the centre 

of Ohv. and of lleo.f 



15 
16 
17 



1240 
1535 
1185 



M 1-8 
M 1-9 
M 1-85 



Head of Zeus Amnion r. 
horned ; border of dots. 



diademed and 



18 



1003 



M 1-6 



E 
A (?) 

(No. 17 is pierced.) 

[Plate lxxxi. 10.] 



rXoAEMAloY BASIAEnS 

(from r., downwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open and head turned back ; 
between legs, numeral letter ; border 
of dots. 



Similar. 



19 GS9 



M 1-4 



Similar. 



PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEHS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Two eagles standing 1., side by side, 
each upon a thunderbolt ; wings closed ; 
between legs of foremost, numeral 
letter ; border of dots. 

f 



PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEQg 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open; between legs, numeral 
letter ; border of dots. 



no letter. 
(No. 19 is pierced.) 



a -t?oyc"sTe'/fr'o^?heT.t,^^^^^^^^^^ very obscure. Hultsch has evolved 

Man.. unO.K,chnung,r.erte, LeLT 1903 especiaUvT SQ 1 "' sources (D,e FtoUm-AiscUn 

Of the material avaiiaUe, see ^^^\^J:t^t:^^Xi:-tv.JaX^l.^'^^^^ 

.ellu^ur o''p=ni" "C/LXf 5 lX^:5rNorryX'=t^ H..e.ata.o.ued as 
an explanation of the phenomenon, see Svoronos, V ci«^ p! J.,"' ' ' """"^ ^°'- *^ ^- ^°'' 



PTOLEMY II. 



365 



No. 



20 
21 



22 
23 

2-i 

25 



26 



27 



28 



29 



Wkigut 



37G 
356 



187 
14S 
156 

187-5 



91 



97 



76 



218 



• Metal 
Size 



.E 1-2 

M Wo 



JE -95 
JE -95 
M -9 

M -95 



M -85 



iE -8 



^ -7 



/R 11 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Head of Alexander tlie Great r., with 
horn of Amnion, wearing elephant's 
skin : border of dots. 



Reverse; 



Similar ; but wings of eagle closed, 
no letter. 
X (?) 

Similar ; but wings of eagle open. 

A 
A 

E 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxi. 11.] 
O (?) 

Similar. 

no letter. 
[Plate lxxxi. 13.] 

letter obscure. 



Head of Zeus Amnion r., horned and 
diademed ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxi. 12.] 



The cliaractenstic feature of the group to which No. 29 belongs is the 

preseitce of the shield on the Bev., as well as of the letters HT 

either separately or in monogram. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

T e tradrachm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; behind ear, 
a microscopic A ; border of dots. 



fToAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; behind, oblong shield ; 
in front, two monograms, one above 
another ; border of dots. 



T and NN 

[B.BI.C, Pl. III. 8.] 



366 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
> Size 


Obveese 


Reverse 








The next group (toMch included issues of silver and gold) * is cliarncterized hy the 
presence of the monogram, which appears alone on the liev. 








Bronze 








Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 


PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from L, upvyards) 
Similar type ; in front, > ; border of 


30 


254 


M 1-1 




dots. 








The foil 010 in g group, which coruhines to some extent the characteristic features of the 

two that precede, is much larger than either. The single letters that sometimes occur 

between the legs of the eagle may he dates.f 








Gold 








Phoenician Standard 








P e n t a d r a c h. m 








Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of dots. 


rXoAEMAloY BASIAEHS 

(from ]., upwards) 
Similar type ; in front, j^ above an 
oblong shield ; border of dots. 


31 


273-7 


M -9 




between eagle's legs, O 








[Plate lxxxi. 14.] 








Bronze 








Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 


Similar ; but eagle has -wings open. 


32 


252 


M 1-05 




between eagle's legs, <t> (?) 


33 


243 


M 1 




n )) /vi 


34 


236 


yE 1-1 


Similar. 


>> ., A 
Similar, with X* beneath shield. 


35 


234-5 


M 1-1 


Head of Alexander the Great r., horned, 
and wearing elephant's skin ; border of 
dots. 


between eagle's legs, A (?) 
Similar. 


36 


125 


M -1 


between eagle's legs, A 








* See Svoronos, op. cit., p. 81. According i 
and the next were minted in Cyprus. 

+ AcCOrdinp* tn Svornnna fnr, rti -n ntfi'\ 4 


the same authority (p. po'), both this group 



PTOLEMY II. 



367 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obversb 



Rbversb 



37 



429 



^ 1-05 



38 



428-9 



M 11 



39. 



214-7 



N' -8 



40 



29-2 



JR -45 



At some period after the death of Arsinoe there was instituted, in addition to her 

oiDii loorship as Hea <^iXd8eX(;6os, a special cult of Ptolemy II. and herself as dcol 

dSeA.(^oi. To that cult the type and inscr. of the,c/old pieces of the next 

group may possibly bear witness* 

Gold 
Plioenician Standard 

O c t a d r a c h. m s 



AAEA<I>I2N (above) 

Busts jugate r. of Ptolemy IT., -with 
whisker, wearing diadem and clilamys, 
and of Arsinoe II., diademed and 
draped ; behind, oblong shield ; border 
of dots. 



GEHN (above) 

Busts jugate r. of Ptolemy I. and 
Berenice I., both diademed and draped ; 
border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. yii. 2.] 



Similar; but Ptolemy has no whisker; 
in front, double cornucopiae ; above 
shield, At 



Similar. 



Similar to No. 37. 



[Plate lxxxi. 15.] 

T e t r a d r a c h m 

Similar to No. 37. 

[Plate lxsxi. 16.] 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard 

Triobol 



Similar ; no inscr. ; no whisker visible ; 
no border. 



Similar; no insor. ; border doabtful. 
[Plate lxxxi. 17.] 



* It is difficult to avoid connecting the two side., although each may well be regarded as 

n -S^ wLra'^Hshtrr:a.r In z""Jo- 3B i^ ^^^«-«y -p-^- *° ^°- ''■ 



368 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



41 



265 



M 1 



215-9 



M 1-05 



43 
44 



65-5 
62 



M -65 
M -6 



45 



2103 



A\ 1 



Beonze 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; border of dots. 



PTOAEMAIOY BASIAEHS 

(from L, upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; in front, oblong shield ; 
border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. IV. 4.] 



Ill tlie absence of any definite indication, tlie coins hitherto described cannot be 
assigned to any special mints, and they may be supposed to have been struch in 
Egypt. The club on Nos. 42-51 is the mint-marh of Tyre, to lohich city these pieces 
may, therefore, be assigned. Some of then appear to be dated.* No. 42 has 
been countermarlced at Byzantium. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

Tetradrachm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; behind ear, a 
microscopic A ; border of dots. 



countermark, |<ff 



TTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEI2Z 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, club ; border of 
dots. 

above club, O 



Bronze 



Head of Alexander the Great r., diademed 
and horned ; hair long ; boi'der of dots. 



Similar ; but eagle has wings open, 
above club, H 



The dates on Nos. 45—47 indicate that they belong to a different series from the preceding. 

Silver 

Phoeniciaa Standard 

Tetr a drachms 



Similar to No. 42 ; no A 
no border visible. 



Similar to No. 42 ; but TT in in=cr., and 
above club, -^ ; behind eagle, date. 



* Svorono3 m his text (op. cii., pp. 94 ff.), considers that on all of them the dates are 
reckoned by the rognal years of Ptolemy 11., suggesting that at first the older system of 
numerals was m use. In his Introduction (op. cit., po.') this proposal is withdrawn. While 
still holding that Nos. 4.5 ff. are dated by regnal years, he puts forward the view that the series 
to which No. 42 belongs IS dated by the era of Tyre, and that one system of numeration was in 
use throughout, Q on No. 42 being equivalent to Q 



PTOLEMY II. 



3(19 



No. 



46 

47 



48 

49 
50 

61 



52 



Weight 



199 9 
212-5 



176 

85 
8(3 

43 



2154 



Metal 
Size 



M 11 
.11 1 



M -9 

M -75 

^ -7 

M -65 



M 1-1 



53 216-4 M 1 
VOL. ai. 



Obverse 



Revebsb 



Similar. 



(no border visible ) 



nXoAEMAloY znxHPoz 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; same symbol and mono- 
gram in front ; between eagle's legs, 
O ; bebiud, date, beneath which, mono- 
gram or letter ; border of dots. 



A and /% 
AH and B 

[Plate lxxxi. 18.] 



The following are without letters or monograms of any hind. The 
ratio of the three denominations is obvious. 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., homed and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEXIZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, club ; border of 
dots. 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxi. 19.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



The two following, whieh have the mint-marl of Sidoii, correspond 

in types, inscription, and method of dating to the 

Tyrian issue represented hy Nos. 46 f. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

Tetrad r achms 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 



nroAEMAloY ZflTHPOZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed; in front, Zl with varying 
letters or monogram ; behind, date ; 
border of dots. 



A I and KO 

[Plate lxxxi. 20.] 

I M and AB 



3 B 



370 



EGYPT 



No. 



54 



56 



66 
67 



58 



Wkight 



218-9 



210-' 



215-6 
217-4 



212-2 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M 1 



llie monogram on Nos. 54 — 57 represents Ptolemais. In general litis 

group corresponds to the issues of Tyre and other Plioem'cian 

cities. But Nos. 54 f. are loithout dates. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 
T e t r a d r a c h m s 



Similar. 



M 1-1 



Similar, 



<?Yt 



[Plate lxxxi. 2] .] 



HTOAEMAloY BAZIAEflZ 

(from ]., np-wards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -witli 

■wing.s closed ; in front, @), above 
vifhich, monogram; no border -visible. 

I2P 



HTOAEMAIOY ZflTHPoZ 

(from ]., np-wards) 

Similar type ; in front, jfj ; behind, 
monogram ; border of dots. 



M 1-05 
M 1 



Similar. 



M -9 



Similar. 



Similar ; but in front, fp , with |\/E 
beneath it; behind, date, -with mono- 
gram or letter beneath it. 

AA and /^ 

AT and 



The next group hears the monogram of Joppa. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

Te t radrac hm 

Similar; but in front, |<n and M 

AT and O 

(No. 58 is pierced.) 



PTOLEMY II. 



371 



No. 



Weight 



MSTAL 

Size 



Obvbrse 



Reverse 



59 



85 



M -75 



60 



44-5 



JE -65 



The following are obviously parallel to Nos. 49 ff. 



Head of Zeus Aminon r., liorned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEflZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eaglo standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, harpa ; border 
of dots. 



Similar. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XI. 6.] 



Similar. 



61 



218-2 



M 1-05 



62 



926 



M 1-6 



63 



635 



M 1-4 



The attribution of No. 61 to Gaza is rendered certain by the monogram. 
That of Nos. 62 f. is quite doubtful. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

T 6 1 r a d r a c h. m 



Similar to No. 58. 



Similar to No. 58 ; but in front, fA and 



AB and ^ 

[Plate lxxxii. 1.] 



Beonze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., liorned and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



PTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Two eagles standing side by side 1., with 
wings closed, each upon thunderbolt ; 
in front, club downwai-ds ; over shoulder 
of nearer eagle, double curnucopiae ; 
border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxii. 2.] 



Similar. 



BAZIAEI2Z (from 1., upwards) 

Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; in front, double cornu- 
copiae, beneath wbich, club down- 
wards ; border of dots. 

3 B 2 



372 



EGYPT 



Ko. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



64 



65 



66 



67 

68 



69 



70 
71 



186 



133 



46 



87 
78-5 



53 5 



29 

28 



M 1 



M -8 



M -65 



M 



M -6 



M -65 
M -55 



It is uncertain to what mint the following should he assigned.. But the 

resemUance to Nos. 48 ff. and Nos. 59 f. suggests some 

city in Phoenicia or Palestine. 



Bkoxze 



Similar. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEflZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; eagle has wings closed ; 
in front, flower; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



(No. 64 is pierced.) 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxii. 3.] 



Similar. 



About 280 B.C., 3Tagas, goeernor of Gyrene and half-hrother of Ptolemy 11., revolted 

and assumed the title of BacrtAevs. A numismatic record of his revolt is described 

under Cyrene. The foil oioing were struch after his reconciliation with Ptolemy. 



Bronze 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis round neck; border of 
dots. 



BAZIAEHZ HTOAEMAIOY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Libya r., diademed; hair in 
formal curls; iu front, cornucopiae; 
border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxii. 4.] 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar; but cornucopiae behind. 



Similar ; but cornucopiae in front. 



PTOLEMY II.— PTOLEMY III 



373 



No, 



Weight 



Metal 

SiZB 



Obverse 



Reverse 



2167 



.R 11 



993-5 



549-5 



M 1-6 



M 1-4 



202 



m -95 



The style and fabric of the following piece shows that it was not struck in Egijpt, 
hut in some city of Asia Elinor or Thrace. 

SiLVEK 

Phoenician Standard 
Tet r adra clim 



Head of Ptolemy II. (?) r., diademed; 
border of dots. 



[rT]OAEMAI[OY] (to 1., upwards) 
BAZIAEI2Z (to r., downwards) 

Eagle standing 1., with wings closed ; 
behind, inside inscr., [5], beneath which, 
a second monogram ; in front, pome- 
granate (?) ; border of dots. 



N< 

(No. 72 is pierced.) 

[Plate lxxxii. 5.] 



PTOLEMY III. (EUERGETES) 

Circa 246—221 B.C. 

Ptolemy II. tiuts succeeded hy Ais son, loho had been for some time associated with 
him in the Icingship. Bij his marriage with Berenice, daughter of Magas, the new 
monarch re-nnited Cyrenaica to Egypt. He proved himself able and energetic, and 
raised the influence of Egypt higher than it had ever stood before. Nos. 1-6 belong 
to a different group from No. 6. Each group is characterized by a special monogram 
(or letter),* and includes gold and silver pieces of Euhoic- Attic weight. 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



and 



Similar. 



Similar. 



nXoAEMAloY BASIAEQS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, cornucopiae, 
filleted ; between eagle's legs, :%. ; 
border of dots. 



Similar. 
[Plate lxxxii. 6.] 

Similar. 



* Svoronos (op. cit., p. a-itf') sees iu the mono^am attached to the first group the name of 
Chremonides the Athenian, the yaiapxos of Ptolemy III. 



374 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



88 



65-5 



733 



16-4 
16-7 



23'5 



Metal 
Size 



M •75 



^ -65 



M 1-5 



N -4 
AT '45 



AT -4 



Obverse 



Revbksb 



Similar. 



Head of Alexander the Great r., wearing" 
elephant's skin ; border of dots. 



Similar ; but cornuoopiae rests on eagle'i 
1. shoulder. 



Similar ; but cornucopiae in front. 



[Plate lxxxii. 7.] 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and 
wearing taenia. 



no border visible. 



nroAEMAioY baziaehz 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed and head turned back ; 
filleted cornucopiae rests on eagle's 
1. shoulder ; between eagle's legs, p ; 
border of dots. 



The following gold pieces resemble in type* those wMch are attached to the preceding 
groups. But they have no characteristic monogram. 

Gold 

Euboic-Attic Standard 
Trihemiobols 



Head of Berenice II. r., veiled ; border of 
dots. 



BEPENIKHS BASIAISSHS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted; on either side, 
star ; border of dots. 



stars have eight rays each, 
stars have six rays each. 
[Plate lxxxii. 8.] 

Phoenician Standard 
Hemidrachm 



Similar type; different style; border of 
dots. 



BEPENIKHZ BAZ[IAIZZHZ] 

. (from r., downwards) 

Similar type, of different style. 



(No. 9 is pierced.) 



pp.*i45"ff? "''' "^ ^°"- ^ """^ ^ "'^ '^'^^°^' ^""^ ^''°^^'' li'^k. (See Svoronos, op. cit, 



PTOLEMY III. 



375 



No. 



Weight 



10 
11 
12 



13 



14 



15 
16 



1298 
1155 
1065 



546 



181 



101-5 
92 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M 1-6 
M 1-65 
M 1-65 



M 1-35 



M -95 



M -75 
M -75 



The group to wliich Nos:. 10 — 14 belong consisted almost entirely of hronxe pieces.'* 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r,, horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



nXOAEMAloY BASIAEQS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, cornucopiae, 
filleted ; between eagle's legs, letters or 
monogram ; border of dots. 

SE 



Similar. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XVII. 6.] 
Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar ; in field 1., club. 



The gold and silver coins to which Nos. 15 f. attach themselves are of Phoenician 
toeight.-f They bear the portrait of Ptolemy III. 



Bronze 



Bust of Ptolemy III. r., laur., and wear- 
ing aegis ; border of dots. 



nToAEMAlOY BASIAEHS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eao-le standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; behind, cornucopiae, 
filleted ; border of dots. 



[B.M.G., Pl. XII. 2.] 



* See Svoronos, op. cit., p. 15,3. 



•f See Svoronos, op. cit., p. 154. 



376 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



17 



18 



19 



20 



21 



215-6 



292 



153 



102 



49 



On No. 17 there is a return to the types of Ptolemy I. 

SiLVEE 

Phoenician Standard 
Te tr a drachm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 



M 1-15 



M 1 



HTOAEMAIOY ZliTHPoZ 

(from ]., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; in front, cornacopiae ; 
border of dots. 



The Iter, type of the following pieces points to Cyprus as the place of issue. 



Beonze 



Head of Zens Amnion r., horned, and 
^^•earing taenia ; border of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY BASIAEI2S 

(from 1., upwai'ds) 
Cultus-statue of Aphrodite, standing to 
front, upon low pedestal ; she wears 
long chiton and pilos; her r. hand 
rests upon her breast, while in her 
lowered 1. she holds a flower (?) ; 
border of dots. 



JE -95 



M 



^ -6 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxii. 9.] 
Similar. 
[B.M.C, Pl. XI. 1.] 

Similar. 

Similar. 
[B.M.C., Pl. XI. 2.] 



PTOLEMY III. 



377 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



428-' 



.Y 1-1 



23 



75-5 



M 



24 



115-5 



/E -8 



25 

26 



218 
217 



J& 1'05 
M 1 



JN'(i. 22 repi-esents u group of gold octadrachms, with types of Arsinoe II., and silver 

tetradraclints, with types of Ptolemy I., striiclc in Phoenicia. All the 

principiil fi7«'es j;r(r</c/jj«ted, the pjresent specimen being minted 

lit Sidon. The numeral letters are prrohahly dates.* 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

O c t a d r a c h. m 



Head of Arsinoe 11. r., wearing stephane 
and veil, and cari'ying over 1. slioulder 
sceptre, the top of which is visible 
above her head ; border of dots. 



APSINOHS <t>IAAAEA<l>[oY] 

Double cornucopiae, tilleted and filled 

Zl 



with fruits ; beneath, to r., 



N 



and 



to 1., numeral letter ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxii. 10.] 



The following bronze pieces, lohich bear the names both of queen and of Icing, are 

obviously closely connected. They hare been tcntaticely attributed as follows : 

Xos. 23 f. to Tyre,Nos. 25 — 27 to Sidon., and No. 2S to Gaza or Joppa.-f 



Bronzb 



BEPENIKHS BASIAISSHS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Berenice 11. r., diademed and 
draped ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEHZ nToAEMAloY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted; to 1., club down- 
wards ; to v., eagle 1., wings closed ; 
border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XIII. 9.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar ; but eagle impressed as counter- 
mark. 



BAZIAEnZ nroAEMAloY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxii. 11.] 

1 countermark as on No. 24. 



VOL. in. 



* Svoronoa {op. cit., p. (t/) regards them as giving the regnal years of Ptolemy III. 
t Svoronos (op. cit., pp. inr' ff.). They stand alone among the bronze coins here attributed 
to Ptolemy III., in having no hole in the centre of either side. 

3 C 



378 



EGYPT 



No. I VVeisht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Bbverse 



27 



55-5 



^ -75 



28 ■ 70 



iE -65 



426-3 



N- 1-1 



427-9 



N M 



Siniila 



Similar. 



Similar ; bat to r., eagle 1., -wings 
closed. 



[Plate lxxxii. 12.] 



[ ] BASIAEI2Z 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. upon thunderbolt, 
with wings open ; in front, EY ; 
border of dots. 



PTOLEMY IV. (PHILOPATOR) 

Circa 221—204 B.C. 

Ptolemy IV. did not inherit his father's force of cliuracter. He left the government 
mainly in the hands of Snsihlos and Agathocles, ivhile lie ijave himself up to 
voluptuous living. The prestige of a great victory won over Antiochus III. at 
Baphia, combined with the firm basis on which Ms predecessors had organized the 
government, prevented the kingdom from suffering so seriously as it might have done, 
although at one period Ptolemy had to face a most formidable revolt. No. 1 may 
belong to the early part of his reign before his mother, Berenice, loho had great 
influence over him, was deprived of her power and driven to her death by Sosibios.* 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

Oct a drachm 



Bust of Berenice II. r., draped and 
diademed ; wears veil, earring, and 
necklace ; border of dots. 



BEPENIKHZ BAZIAIZZHZ 

(from I., upwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted and filled with 
fruits ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxii. 13.] 

Nos. 2 — 9 belonged to a scries ichich contained silver as locll as gold and 

bronze.f There is a considerable variety of types 

but the letters A\ furnish a connecting-linlc. 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

Octadrachms 



Head of Arsinoe III. (as Arsinoe II.) r., 
veiled and wearing stephane ; over 1. 
shoulder, sceptre, top of which is visible 
above her head ; border of dots. 



APZINOHZ <|>IAAAEA<1>0Y 

(from 1., upwards) 
Double cornucopiae, filleted and filled 
with fruits ; in field r., Al ; border of 
dots. 



[Plate lxxxii. 14.] 

* Svoronos, in his text (op. cit, p. 177), placed it here. In his Introduction (ibid., pp ^fe' 
and (TIT,) he withdraws this suggestion, and assigns the coin to the reign of Ptolemy III 
Neither view is convincing. -^ * 

t See Svoronos, op. cit., pp. 179 ff., and also ,rf„', where Xo. 3 is attributed to the 
preceding reign. 



PTOLEMY III.— PTOLEMY IV. 



379 



No. 



4 
5 



Weight 



Hi-' 



1079 
1018 



6 I 512-5 

7 : 493 

j 

8 I 1100 

9 949 



10 248 

11 ; 239 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Tetradrachm 



Bast of Ptolemy III. r., wearing radiate 
diadem and aegis ; over 1. shoulder, 
trident, central prong of which is formed 
like a sceptre ; border of dots. 



N -86 



nroAEMAlOY BASIAEnS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted ; above it is a 
radiate diadem with ends unfastened ; 
to r., between fillet and horn, A I ; 
border of dots. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XII. 5.] 



Beokze * 



Head of Zeus Amnion r., horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



iE 1-65 



M 1'65 



M 1-4 

M 1-3 

M 1-7 

M 1-55 i 



M 1 
M -95 



HToAEMAloY BASIAEnS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, filleted cornu- 
copiae ; between legs, A I ; border of 
dots. 



[B.M.a, Pl. xn. 



6.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxii. 15.] 



Similar to Nos. 4 f. 



Similar to Nos. 4 f. ; but, in place of 
cornucopiae, club upright. 



The relief on the Rev. of the two following jpieces is singidarhj flat.f 



Draped busts, jugate, r., of Apollo wear- 
ing laur. crown, and Artemis wearing 
stephane ; over shoulders, quiver and 
bow : border of dots. 



(border not visible.) 



BAZIAEHZ nXoAEMAloY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Ptolemy 1. r., diademed and 
having aegis about neck ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxii. 16.] 



* All the bi-onze pieces here catalogued under Ptolemy IV. have a small hole in the 
centre of each side. 

t The unusual arrangement of the inscr. should also be noted and compared with supra, 
p. 372, Nos. 67 ff., p. 377, Nos. 23 S. It is not clear why Svoronos jjlaces them here. The 
fabric suggests Cyrenaica, and the coins were so classed by Poole, who attributed them 
to Ptolemy VI. {B.M.O., p. 79). 

3 C 2 



380 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveese 



12 



428-7 



jV 1'06 



13 

14 
15 



754 

693 
555 



16 



355 



17 



218 



M 1-5 

JE 1-4 
M 1-45 



m 1-2 



M 1 



Nos. 12 and 17 are perJiaps connected hy a coianwn monogram. The evidence 
for classing the rest of the group here is more doubtful* 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

c t a d r a c h. m 



Bust of Ptolemy IV. r., witli slight 
whisker, diademed and draped ; border 
of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY <|>IAonAToPoZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; border of dots. 



in front, TYt 
[Plate lxxxii. 17.] 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



nroAEMAloY BAZIAEX2Z 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open and head turned back ; 
between legs, letter or monogram ; 
border of dots. 



(beneath neck, TT (?) A) 



ZE • 

[Plate lxxxii. 18.] 
Z(?) 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis round neck ; border of 
dots. 



Similar. TTToAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; over 1. shoulder, double 
cornucopiae, filleted ; between legs, 
monogram ; border of dots. 



BAZIAEnZ nXoAEMAlOY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Libya r., wearing taenia ; hair 
in formal curls ; behind, branch ; in 
front, double cornucopiae ; beneath 
neck, monogram ; border of dots. 

'f?E(?) 
[Plate lxxxii. 19.] 

* Syoronos in his text (p. 183) attributes the whole to Cyrenaica. This proposal is with- 
l'.779 footnotsT " ^"' ^'°' ^^ ^^' ""^ *^^ oliaraoteristics spoken of supra, 



PTOLEMY IV. 



381 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 


18 


114 


M -9 


Head of Isis (or Libya ?) r., wearing taenia ; 
hair in formal curls; drapery about 
neck ; border of dots. 


HTOAEMAIOY BASIAEI2S 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed and head turned back ; 
over 1. shoulder, comucopiae, filleted ; 
border of dots. 


19 


108 


.E -85 


1 
IB.M.a, Pl. XVIII. 9.] 


20 


31-5 


^ -45 


Young male head r., helmeted. 


inoAEMAloY BAZIAEQZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, cornucopiae ; 
border of dots. 








Tlie following bear no indication of date or mint. 








Gold 








Phoenician Standard 








1 a d r a c h m s 


1 






Bust of Arsinoe 111. r., draped and wear- 
ing stephane, earring of three drops, 
and necklace ; over 1. shoulder, sceptre; 
border of dots. 


APSINoHS «|>IAonAToPoS 

(from r., downwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted and filled with 
fruits ; above, star ; border of dots. 


21 


430-2 


J^ 1-05 


sceptre raised in usual fashion, so that 
top only is visible above head. 


star has eight rays. 








[B.M.a, Pl. XV. 6.] 


22 


428-9 


N 1 


sceptre lowered, so as to show behind star has six rays, 
neck. 

[Plate lxxxiii. 1.] 








Nos. 23 f . have the Ohv. in much lower relief than the other octadrachms here assigned 
to this reign, and their style suggests that they are considerably later, especially No. 24.* 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

Octadrachms 








Head of queen r., as Arsinoe II., veiled, 
and wearing stephane and necklace ; 
over 1. shoulder, sceptre, only the top 
of which is visible above her head ; 
behind, letter ; border of dots. 


APZINOHZ <t>IAAAEA<|>oY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Double cornucopiae, filleted and filled 
with fruits ; border of dots. 


23 


428-7 


J7 1 


A 

[Plate lx 


xxiii. 2.] 


24 


428 


N 1-1 


[Plate lxxxiii. 3.] 








* The coins are placed here because the 
(op. cU., p. 188); but, in view of the consider 
his attribution, with the accompanying explana 
more to be said for Poole's classification (B.M.C 
than Ptolemy VI. 


y stand so in the arrangement of Svoronos 
ations indicated above, it is difficult to accept 
tion of the letters on the Obv. There is much 
'., p. 45). Indeed, they may well be even later 



382 



EGYPT 



JSTo. 



Weisht 



Metal 
Size 



25 



428-3 



26 



: 27 



429-4 



429 



N 1-05 



N- 1-05 



^ 1-1 



28 



97 



Al 



Obverse 



Reyeese 



\hi. 2.J ivus struch at Sidon, No. 26 at Ptolemais, and No. 27 at an uncertain mint. 
The date on No. 27 is probably a regnal year (=219 B.C.).* 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

Octadrachms 



Bust of Ptolemy III. r,, wearing radiate 
diadem and aegis ; over 1. shoulder, 
trident; border of dots. 



to 1., 
[Plate lxxxiii. 4.] 



nroAEMAloY BAZIAEXIZ 

(fi'om 1., upwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted ; above it is arched 
a radiate diadem with ends untied ; 



n 



to r., Zl ; border of dots. 



Bust of Ptolemy IV. r., with slight 
whisker, draped and diademed ; border 
of dots. 



nroAEMAloY <t>IAonAToPoZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, ZXl ; beneath 
which, TTT ; border of dots. 



[Plate lsxxtii. 5.] 



Similai'. 



Similar ; but in front, 



[Plate lxxxiii. 6.] 



Tlie followinfj represents a series of silver pieces uiJtich (if the dates are recTconeA 
from tlie foundation of the kingdomf) belong to the reigns of Ptolemy IV. 

and his son. 

SiLVEE 

Phoenician Standard 
Didrachm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, 
wearing aegis ; border of dots. 



and nroAEMAloY BAEIAEflZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; on thunderbolt, date. 

PA 



* See Svoronos (op. cit., pp. 191 ff.), who believes that the letters on Nos. 25 and 26 
represent ' Sosibios.' 

t This is the view of Svoronos (op. cit., pp. 197 ff.). Poole regards the era as uncertain, 
and assigns the coins to Ptolemy VIII. {B.M.C., pp. Ixxiv. S., and 102 f.). 



PTOLEIMY IV.— PTOLEMY V. 



383 



No. 



Weight 



Metal; 
Size 



29 



429 



106-6 



98-3 
103-8 



^ 1-1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M -85 



M 



The follonuiKj should he coiujjared witit the two coins catalogued as Nos. 37 f. 
of Ptolemy II. It is somewhat later than these in style.* 



Gold 



AAEA<t>nN (above) 

Busts, jugate r., of Ptolemy II., with 
slight whisker, wearing diadem and 
chlamys, and of Arsinoe II., diademed 
and draped ; behind, oblong shield ; 
border of dots. 



©EQN (above) 

Busts, jugate r., of Ptolemy I. and of 
Berenice I., both being draped and 
diademed ; border of dots. 



[B.M.C., Pl. VII. 7.] 



PTOLEMY V. (BPIPHANES) 

Circa 204—181 B.C. 

Ptolemy V. was a mere child ivhen his father died. The reins of government were 
held in turn by the leader of the faction that happened to be uppermost. Shortly 
after his accession Coele-Syria was conquered and annexed by Antiochus III., whose 
daughter Cleopatra subsequently became the loife of Ptolemy. The seeds of decay 
S01D71 under his father came to fruition under tlpipihanes. His reign was notable for 
the wealcening of Egyptian power and influence abroad {all foreign possessions were 
lost except Cyprus and Gyrene), and for the darlcening of the shadow of Borne 
over the throne of the Ptolemies. Nos. 1 — 3 form a continuation of the series 
represented by Ptolemy IV., No. 28 (q.v.). 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard 

Didrachms 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 



nXoAEMAloY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in field, date ; border 
of dots. 



p e 

[Plate lxxxiii. 7.] 



Similar. 



Similar ; but thunderbolt has wings. 
PI A 
P IS 



* There is no indication of date. Svoronos places it here on stylistic grounds, and 
believes that the portraits on the Obv. are assimilated to those of Ptolemy IV. and Arsinoe 
III. (Op. cit., p. 200, and p. ti5'.) 



384 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



217-1 



JR 1-1 



485 



M 1-2 



292 I ^ 1-1 
262 I M 1-1 



66 



64 



M -65 



M -6 



10 



429-3 



A' 1'05 



Kus. 4 — 9 hear neither dates nor mint-marlm. They were prohably struch in Egyjit. 

SlL\'EE 

PhoeniciaD. Standard 
T e t r a d r a c lim 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 



nXOAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on tliunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXIV. 7.] 



Bkonze 



Head of Isis r., wearing wreath of corn : 
hair in formal curls ; border of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXII. 5.] 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxiii. 8.] 



Similai-. 



Similar ; but eagle has Avings closed and 
head turned back, while a filleted cornu- 
copiae rests on his 1. shoulder. 



, [Plate lxxxiii, 9.] 



10 and 11 are linked hy their common monogram.'* No. 10 is marlcedly 
superior in style to the similar jiiere described on p. 383. 

Gold 

Phoenician Standard 

Octadrachm 



AAEA<>£iN (above) 

Busts, jugate r., of Ptolemy II., withotit 
Avhisker, wearing diadem and chlamys, 
and of Arsinoe II., diademed and draped ; 
behind, ^ ; border of dots. 



0EI2N 

Busts, jugate v., of Ptolemy I. and 
Berenice I., both diademed and draped ; 
behind, spear-head upwards ; border of 
dots. 



[Plate lxxxiii. 10.] 



* Svoronos sees in the monogram the name of Aristomenes, who was a!l-powerfnl circa 
199—197 B.C. (Op. cit., p. t/.) 



PTOLEMY V. 



385 



No. 



Weisht 



Metal 
Size 



11 



475 



M 1-3 



12 



428-9 



N- 1 



13 



189 



M -95 



14 



15 



16 



101 



105-6 



79-5 



M -75 



M -9 



M -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus AmmoD r., horned, and 
w^earing taenia ; border of dots. 



nToAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, witli 
wings closed, and cornucopiae, filleted, 
resting on 1. shoulder ; in front, club 
downwards ; between legs, /^ ; border 
of dots. 



The bronze coins in the following group appear to belong to Ci/reiKUca. 

Gold* 
Phoenician Standard 

Oc tadrachiu 



Youthful bust of Ptolemy V. r., wearing 
chlamys and radiate diadem ; over 1. 
shoulder, spear ; border of dots. 



nroAEMAlOY BAZIAEHZ 

(frona L, upwards) 
Cornucopiae, filleted ; above it is arched 
a radiate diadem, with ends unfastened ; 
on either side, star of eight rays ; 
to r., beneath, between tip of horn 
and end of pellet, 1^ ; border of 
dots. 



[Plate lxxxiii. 11.] 



Bkonze 



Head of Ptolemy 1. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of dots. 



Similar ; behind, club downwards. 



Similar ; but club over shoulder. 



BAZIAEnZ nroAEMAloY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Libya r., diademed ; hair in 
formal curls ; in front, double cornu- 
copiae; border of dots. 

behind, silphium ; beneath, ^^ 



Similar ; without second symbol, or mono- 
gram. 



Similar. 



(No. 15 is double-struck.) 
[Plate lxxxiii. 12.] 



* The monogram on the gold and the corresponding silver is considered by Svorouos 
(op. cit, T^^'f.) to contain the name of Scopas the Aetolian, at one time commander-in- 
chief of the Egyptian forces. 

3 D 



386 



EGYPT 



No. 



17 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



54 



JE -65 



18 



19 



426-8 , M 1 



427-9 



N 1-05 



20 



426-8 



M 1-05 



21 



207-9 



JR 105 



Similar ; no club. 



Similar. 



Nos. 18 — 21 bear dates which refer, in all prohahilUy, to the regnal years of Ptolemy V* 
No. 20 has the mint-mark of Salamis {Cyprus), and No. 21 that of Citium. 



Phoenician Standard 

Gold 

Oc tadrach.ms 



Youthful head of Ptolemy V. r., -wearing 
chlamys and diadem ; border of dots. 



TTTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEflZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing I. on thunderbolt, "with 
wings closed ; between legs, N I ; in 
field 1., date. 



B 



[Plate lxxxiii. 13.] 


[B.M.C., Pl. XVII. 5.] 



Head of Axsinoe 11. r., wearing stephane 
and veil ; over shoulder, sceptre, of 
which only the top is visible above her 
head ; border of dots. 



APZINOHZ <|)IAAAEA<|)OY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Double cornucopiae, filleted, and filled 
with fruit ; to \., date ; to r., beneath, 
between tip of horn and fillet, rose, 
beneath which, ^ ; border of dots. 



i ""^ 
[Plate lxxxiu. 14.] 

Silver 
Te t r adraohm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of dots. 



HTOAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ 

„ , (from 1., upwards) 

Jiagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wmgs closed ; to I., date, beneath which, 
club, tied with fillets, downwards; 
between legs, spear-head 1. ; to r., Kl 

LKA 



* See the lists in Svoronos, op. cit., pp. 211 fE., and 217 ff 



PTOLEilY v.— PTOLEMY VI. 



387 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvebse 



Reverse 



333 



M 1-1 



162 



M -9 



37-5 



M -6 



57-5 



M -55 



PTOLEMY VI. (PHILOMETOR) 



area 181—145 B.C. 



Ptolemy VI. was a mere boy at the time of Ms father's death. For the first few 

years of his reign the regency loas exercised by his mother, Cleopatra. Nos. 

1 — 3 and 5 ff. possibly belong to this 2}eriod. No. 4 certainly does so. 



Bkonze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; in field 1., [star]*; between 
legs, K ; border of dots. 



countermark, cornucopiae. 

[Plate lxxxiii. 16.] 



Head of bearded Herakles r., in lion's 
skin ; border of dots. 



nXoAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed and head turned back ; 
over r. shoulder, caduceus ; between 
legs, K ; border of dots. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XVI. 10.] 



Young male bust r., helmeted, and wear- 
ing chlamys ; border of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEI2Z 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar ; but over shoulder, sceptre. 



JSfos. 4—6 have the mint-marh of Paphos. The last two belong to a different 

series from the first. 



BAZIAIZZHZ KAEonATPAZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Isis r., wreathed with com; 
hair in long ringlets ; border of dots. 



nroAEMAloY baziaehz 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed, and cornucopiae over 1. 
shoulder; in field 1., ^ ; border of 
dots. 



\_B.M.G., Pl. XVIII. 7.] 



* Obliterated by oounterrnark. 



3 D 2 



388 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


6 


224 



14 



Metal 

SlZK 



Obverse 



Reverse 



M 1-05 



217-5 I .E 1 



29 



M -65 



381 



261 



M 1-1 



^ 1 



lU 


207-6 


iE -96 


11 


192 


.M -9 


12 


185 


^ -9 


13 


17!S 


7E -85 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



nroAEMAloY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open; in field 1., j/^ ; border of 
dots. 



(198 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXI. 3.] 

between legs, K (?) 



Similar. 



Similar; but- wings closed; no mono- 
gram. 



Oh the death of Cleopatra (circa 173 B.C.) the regency passed into the hands 
of Eidaeus, whose name apijears on Kus. 8 — 13. 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus Amnion r., horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Simila 



nroAEMAloY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed, and sceptre over 1. 
shoulder ; in field 1., lotus flower ; 
between legs, EYA ; border of dots. 



\_B.M.C. Pl. XIX. 2.] 

Similar ; without sceptre, 
countermark, anchor. 

Similar. 

[Plate lxxxiii. 16.] 

I countermark, anchor. 



The following hronze piece is possibly contemporary vith the preceding. 

Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and I TTToAEMAlOY BAZIAEHZ 

wearing taenia. ( (f^.^^ j^ upwards) 

Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in field 1., lotus-flower (?) ; 
between legs, ZE 



M 1-46 I no border visible. 



no border visible. 



PTOLEMY VI. 



38» 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



15 



528 



M 1-3 



16 



486 



M 1-3 



Obverse 



Ebverse 



Etilneus and Ms colleague Leiiaeua deteriiiliieil to assert the claims of Eijij^Jt tu 
Coele-Si/ria. This led to a quarrel with Antiochus IV. Ptolemy, who took the 
goi-ernment into his oimi hands circa 170 B.C., yielded to the influence of his uncle, 
ivho regarded himself as de facto riiler of Egypt, coimterinarldng coins loith the 
Selencid symbol (cf. Nos. 9, 12, 13), and even striking an Egyptian currency in 
his own name (see supra, pp. 48 f., Nos. 51 S.). The Egyptians declined to 
acquiesce, and setup the younger brother of Philometor as Icing. A reconciliation 
followed between the brothers, who appealed to Bome for aid against the common 
foe. Antiochus abandoned his projects against Egypt at the bidding of the Roman 
Senate, and the two Ptolemies arrived at an agreemeni as to the division of poiocr. 
The double eagle on the follonnng groupi possibly commemorates the union.* 



Beonze 

Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and [ TTTOAEMAlOY BAZIAEHS 

wearing taenia ; border of dots. (froni 1., upwards) 

i Two eagles standing side by side 1., 

' with wings closed, each upon a thunder - 

i Isolt ; border of dots. 

border not visible. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI. 9.] 



Similar. 

(border not visible. 



Similar ; but to 1., double cornuoopiae. 



17 

18 



19 



' 1 



375-5 JE 1-1 
372 M 1-05 



114-5 .-E -8 



( 20 104 .-E -75 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



[B.M.G., Pl. XXVI. 8.] 



Similar. 



[Plate lxxxiii. 17,] 



Cf. Svoronos, op. cit., p. rof. 



590 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



21 



428 



^ 1-1 



22 



^3 



216-2 



204-9 



M 1-05 



JR 1-1 



24 



217 



/R -9 



Nos. 21 — 24 represent a long series struclc in Ci/jjrus, and consisting of gold 

and silver, dated, apparently , by the regnal years of Ptolemy PJiilometor* 

Nos. 21 and 24 tvere struck at Salamis, tlie rest at Paphos. 

Phoenician Standard 



Gold 



O c t a d r a c h. m 



Head of Arsinoe II. r., veiled and wearing 
stephane ; over shoulder, sceptre, the 
top only of -which is -visible over her 
head ; border of dots. 



APZINOHS <f>IAAAEA0OY 

(from 1., np-wards) 
Double cornucopiae, filleted; tol., date; 
to r., beneath, bet-ween tip of horn 
and end of fillet, §A 



Lir 

[Plate lxxxiii. 18.] 

SiLVEE 

Tetra drachms 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of dots. 



nToAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., up-wards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with 
^-sdngs closed ; in front, date ; behind, 
TTA ; border of dots. 



LIO 

[Plate lxxxiii. 19.] 

j LKA 

(No. 23 13 pierced.) 

i 



Similar. 



Similar ; but behind, Z A 

lae: 



* See Svoronos, op. cit., pp. rwff f., and 237 ff. It should be added that the forms of 
the letters (especially A) hardly bear out the view of Svoronos as to the close association 
in time between the gold and the silver. 



PTOLEMY VI.— PTOLEMY VIII. 



391 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Keverse 



108-3 JR -8 



248 
165 



173-5 



213-6 



M 1 
M 1 



M -9 



N- -85 



PTOLEMY VIII. (EUERGETES II., PHYSCON) 
Circa 145—116 B.C. 

The legitimate heir teas Ptolemy VII. (Eupator), the young son of Philometor. 
He loas, however, murdered soou after his father's death by his uncle, loho at 
the time of the troubles with Antiochus IV. had been i^roclaimed Icing of the 
Egyptians, and loho had ever since claimed some share in the government. The 
grounds for attributing Nos. 1 — 4 to this reign are very scant;/. 



SiLVEE 

Phoenician Standard 
Didrach.m 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having- aegis about neck; border of 
dots. 



nroAEMAloY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with 
wino-s closed ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxiii. 20.] 



Bronze 



Head of Alexandria r., wearing elephant's 
skin. 



no border visible. 



OY BAZIAEHS 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxiv. 1.] 



Head of bearded Herakles r., wearing 
lion's skin ; style very good ; border 
of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxiv. 2.] 

Cleortatra 71.-, the sister and loidow of Philometor, married her brother Euergetes II. 

He speedily quarrelled with and divorced her, marrying her daughter, Cleopatra III. 

(circa 143 B.C.). It has been suggested that No. 5 was issued on the occasion 

of the tenth anniversary of the latier's marriage.* 

Gold 
Phoenician Standard 
Tetradrachm 



Head of Arsinoe II., wearing stephane 
and veil ; over shoulder, sceptre, only 
the top of which is visible above her 
head ; behind, K ; border of dots. 



APZINOHZ <l)|AAAEA<|)OY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Double cornucopiae, filleted; border of 
dots. 



[Plate lxxxiv. 3.] 

* Svoronos, op. cit, p. vf', and 247. The grounds for this hypothesis are not very 
evident. The letter K may have various interpretations. 



392 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



7 



10 
11 



12 
13 
14 



207-6 

218-9 

218-7 



219 



211-6 



218-3 

218-7 
216-6 



M -95 

/R -85 
.R 1 



M 1 



M -9 



217-;i I M -9 



M -95 
M -9 
M -95 



The feign of Euergetes II. as sole king was full of troubles, due to Ms misgovem- 

ment. At one period Tie had to take refuge in Cyprus (130 B.C.). The attribution 

of Nos. 6 — 14 is rendered certain by the dates, tvhich repn'esent regnal years reckoned 

from circa 170 B.C. No other Ptolemij reigned sufficiently long to make them 

admissible. All bear Cijpriaa mint-marks. Nos. 15 — 17 appear also to have 

been struck during this reign;* they are remarkable for the absence of any 

central hole. Nos. 19 — 24 bear the title of Euergetes ; they are 

of flat fabric, with lov] relief. f 

Silver 

Plioenician Standard 

Tetradraclinis 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 



nXoAEMAlOY BASIAEilZ 

(from 1., upvs^ards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed; to 1., date; to r., TTA ; 
border of dots. 

LMG [=121 B.C.]; (beneath date, 
pilosC?) with strings). 



LNr [=117 B.C.] 

LNA [=116 B.C.] 
[Plate lxxxiv. 4.] 

Similar. Similar ; but to r., 2A 

LMr [=127 B.C.] 
[Plate lxxxiv. 5.] 

' LMH [=122 B.C.] 



LMG [=121 B.C.] ; (beneath date, piles 
•with strings). 



Similar. Similar ; but to r., K I 

LMA [=129 B.C.]; (eagle has sceptre 
over 1. shoulder). 

LMr [=127 B.C.] 

[Plate lxxxiv. 6.] 

I LN [=120 B.C.] ; (beneath date, star of 
eight rays). 

* Svoroiios, op. cit., p. 263, cites pieces belonging to this series dated MA : this would 
be impossible for Philometor. 

t The letters that occur in tho field are doubtless the names of magistrates- for 
proposed ideutifloations, see Svoronos, op. cit., pp. vy' S. a , ^i 



PTOLEMY VIII. 



3!)3 



No. 



15 



16 



]7 



18 



19 



20 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



96 



168-6 



175 



M -85 



jE 1 



JE -95 



325 



M 1-2 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., homed and ; TTToAEMAloY BAZIAEflZ 

wearing taenia; border of dots. I (from 1., upwards) 

Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 



rude style. 



312 



M 1-3 



168 



VOL. III. 



M 1 



wings closed ; in front, date, beneath 
which, lotus flower ; border of dots. 



LKZ [=143 B.C.]; (nXOA EMAOY) 

J 

[Of. B.M.G., Pl. XX. 4.] 



LKH [= 142 B.C.] ; to r., pilos with 
strings. 



[Plate mxxiv. 7.] 

■ LAA [=136 B.C.] 
[B.M.G., Pl. XX. 5.] 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



nroAEMAloY BAZIAEflZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; over r. shoulder, sceptre ; 
in front, lotus flower ; border of dots. 



[Plate lxxxiv. 8.] 



Similar. 



EYEPrET-YBAZIAEHZnT'AEM 

A I • Y (from 1., upwards) 

Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open ; in front, K ; border of 
dots. 



[JB.M.C, Pl. XXII. 9.] 



Similar. 



BAZIAEHZnT'AEMAhYEYEPr 
ET.Y (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type 1. ; in front, <t) ; border 

of dots. 



inscr., partly off coin. 
[Plate lxxxiv. 9.] 



3 E 



394 



EGYPT 



No. 



21 
22 
23 
24 



25 



3 
4 



Weight 



93 
83-5 
64 
62-5 



49 



214-4 



85-5 

80 

62 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 
M -8 
^ -75 
^ -75 



^ -65 



tR -9 



^ -8 
JE -7 
^ -75 



Obteese 



Reverse 



Similar. 



EYEPrET.YBAZIAEnznT'AEM 

A I 'Y (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type ; in front, O E ; border of 
dots. 



Similar. 



[B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 8.] 



Similar. 



PTOLEMY X. (80TER II., LATHYRUS) 
Circa 116—80 B.C. 

Ptolemy Physcon left heJiind /r/ni two sons, directing Ms widow Cleopatra to choose 
which of them shoidd be hing. She espoused the cause of the younger, hut was 
unable to do more than secure for him the Icingdom of Cyprus. In 107 B.C., 
however, the younger succeeded in winning the crown of Egypt, and relegating the 
elder to Cyprus. A long struggle followed, and it was not till 88 B.C. 
that Soter II. finally reasserted himself. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

Tetradrac hm 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 



nXOAEMAloY BAZIAEilZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; behind, TTA ; in front, 
regnal year ; border of dots. 



LA [= 116 B.C.] 
[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI. 4.] 

Bronze 

The three following are without any trace of the central hole usually found 
on Ptolemaic bronze coins. The style is cdso degraded. 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



nroAEMAlOY BAZIAEnZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Double cornucopiae, filleted ; in field, 

c\ c ; border of dots. 



[B.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 10.] 



PTOLEMY X.— PTOLEMY XI. 



395 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








The two following, ivhich belong apparently to Gyreiiaica, are of very late style. 
If they were atrnclc at this time, they must have been issued under the authority 








of Ptolemy Apion, a natiiral son of Physcon, who ruled the province from 








116 — 96 B.C., and then bequeathed it to Borne. 








Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 


BAZIAEHZ nroAEMAloY 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Libya r. ; hair in formal curls ; 
in front, cornucopiae ; beneath, ^ ; 
border of dots. 


5 


'i7 


M -75 




letters badly formed. 








[Plate lxxxiv. 10.] 


6 


35 


M -6 




letters badly formed. 








PTOTiEMY XL (ALEXAJSTDER .1.) 








Circa 114—88 B.C. 


1 
1 






Silver 


i 






Phoenician Standard 








T e t r a d r a c h m s 


1 






Nos. 1, 2 were minted during the period when Cleopatra III., widow of Physcon, 








was associated with her younger son in the government of Egypt. Her reign 

is dated from the year before her husband's death (117 B.C.), and her 

son's from the time when he became Icing of Cyprus (114 B.C.). 








Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 


HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEilZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. upon thunderbolt, 
with wings closed ; behind, TTA ; in 
front, regnal year of Cleopatra, with 
regnal year of Ptolemy beneath ; border 
of dots. 


1 


208-8 


M -95 




"-•/^ [=106 B.C.] 
H 


2 


206-6 


JR -95 


[Plate lj 


•-' ^ [= 105 B.C.] 

KXIV. 11.] 

3 E 2 



396 



EGYPT 



No. 



10 



Weight 



220-4 
220-4 



219 



219-4 

218-7 
219-3 



219-3 



Metai, 
Size 



M -95 
M -95 



218-2 JR -95 



M -9 



M 1 

M -9 

Al -95 



M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Nos. 3 — 10, loMcli hear Cyp-ian mint-marlcs, belong to the years ivJien Ptolemy XI. 

ruled as king in Cyprus* 



Head of Ptolemy 1. i-., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck; border of 
dots. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



nT-AEMAI'Y BAZIAEHZ 

(from L, upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; behind, TTA ; in front, 
regnal year of Ptolemy ; border of dots. 



LE [=109 B.C.]; sceptre over r. shoulder. 

LC [ = 108B.n.]; 
[Plate lxxxiv. 12.] 

LH [=106 B.C.]; beneath date, star of 
eight rays. 

1-0 [=105 B.C.]; palm overr. shoulder. 
[_B.M.C., Pl. xxvii, r.] 

i 

' Similar; but Kl behind. 

1 LA [=110 B.C.]; to 1. and to r., piles 
; wth strings. 

LA [= 110 B.C.] ; beneath date, club. 

as preceding, with star above date. 

[Plate lxxxiv. 13.] 



Similar; but ZA behind. 

LA [= 110 B.C.] ; beneath date, crested 
helmet 1. 



[Plate lxxxiv. 14.] 



^ * Svoronos (op. oil, pp. 289, 291) cites coins dated LI ( = 103-104 B.C.). Tliis would 
imply that, for three years after Ptolemy XI. gained a footing in Alexandria and transferred 
himseli thither, the Cyprian mints dated coins by his regnal years. 



PTOLEMY Xr, 



397 



No. 



Weikht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Tlie provenance of coins lilce the folloioing points to Cyprus as the minting place. 

The issue may have covered several reigns. Iconography alone is an 

insufficient basis for classification.* 



11 
12 

13 



102-8 
109 



A\ -75 
Al S 



Didrachms 



109-9 ! .11 



Bust of king r., as Dionysos, -wearing 
ivy.-wreatli and nebris, and carrying 
thyrsos over 1. shoulder ; border of dots. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAEIAEQZ 

(from 1., up-wards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with 
wings open ; border of dots. 



(in front, club do-wnwards.) 
[Plate lxxxiv. 15.] 



li j 49-1 



15 



16 



105 



103 



Al -6 



JE -95 



M 1 



Drachm. 

Similar ; no border visible. Similar. 

[Plate lxxxiv. 16.] 

Bkonze 

The following are rude and late in style. The central hole henceforivard 
disappears entirely from the Ptohiimic bronze coinage. 

Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and | TTT'AEMAi'Y BAZIAEflZ 

vs^earing taenia; border of dots. | (from 1., up-wards) 

i Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, -with 
j -wings closed ; in front, symbol of un- 
I usual size ; border of dots. 

aplustre. 

IB.M.C, Pl. XXX. 2.] 
(No. 15 is pierced.) 



cornucopias. 



* Svoronos (op. cit., pp. 293 f.) considers No. 14 as belonging to the reign of Ptolemy IV. 
or v., probably the latter {ibid., p. t|;8'). No. 11 he assigns to Ptolemy VI., and Nos. 12 f. 
to Ptolemy XI. 



398 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



162-8 
214-8 



M -9 

(plated ?) 

M -9 



105-5 



^ -9 



212-8 



M -9 

(base) 



Obverse 



Reverse 



PTOLEMY XIII. (AULETES) 

Circa 80 — 51 B.C. 

Ptolemy Auletes, known also as Neos Bionysos, loas the eldest son of Ptolemy 

Lathyrus. His reign teas long and troubled. 

Silver 

Phoenician Standard 

Tetradrachms 



Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and 
having aegis about neck ; border of 
dots. 



TTTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
palm over 1. shoulder; in front, regnal 
year ; behind, TTA ; border of dots. 

LA [=77 B.C.]; beneath date, head-dress 
of Isis. 



LIS [=75b.c.] 



Bkonze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., horned, and 
wearing taenia ; border of dots. 



HT.AEMAI'Y BAZIAEQZ 

(from I., upwards) 
Two eagles standing side by side 1. 
upon thunderbolts, with wings closed; 
in front, head-dress of Isis resting upon 

2^r ; border of dots. 

obscure countermark. 
[Cf. BJI.C, Pl. XXX. 4.] 

TIME OP CLEOPATRA VII. (PHILOPATOR) 

Circa 51—30 B.C. 

During this period Cleopatra, the eldest daughter of Auletes, ruled either alone 

or in association with one or other of her brothers {Ptolemy XTV. 

or Ptolemy XV.), or loith her son {Caesarion). 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard 
Tetradrachms* 
Head of Ptolemy I. r., diademed, and TTToAEMAlOY BAZIAEI1Z + 

having aegis about neck; border of (from 1., upwards) 

^°^^-f I Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 

j wings closed ; behind, TTA ; in front, 
I date ; border of dots. 

. Lr 

* Poole attributes these tetradrachms to Ptolemy, King of Cyprus, with the length of 
whose reign (81-58 E.c ) the known dates agree precisely. Syoronos {op. cit., pp. Sf ' ff ) 
prefers to assign them to Cleopatra. \ -f- ■> fy- "«' "•; 

t The border is visible only on Nos. 5, 8, 9 and 12. 

: The letters are often badly formed ; sometimes the first two are lio-atured. 



PTOLEMY XIII.— CLEOPATRA VII. 



399 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reyebse 


2 


219-3 


M 1 




LA 


3 


220-6 


M -95 




LE 


4 


222-3 


JR 1 




Li; 


5 


219-7 


JR -9 




LH 








[B.Jf.C, PL. XXIX. 5.] 


6 


210-6 


M -9 




LI 








1 
[Plate lxxxiv. 17.] 


7 


214-4 


M 1 




LI 


8 


198-3 


M -95 




LIA 


9 


185-3 


M -95 




LIH 


10 


174-6 


^ -9 


r 


Lie 








[Plate lxxxiv. 18.] 


11 


166-7 


M -9 




LK 


12 


160-8 


M -95 




LKA 


13 


176-3 


M -9 


v 


LKB 








Bronze 








The value-marks on the following pieces denote the number of copper 








drachmae that each contains* 








Bust of Cleopatra VII. r., diademed and KAEOTTATPAZ BAZIAIZZHZ 








draped ; border of dots. 


(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle stfliTiding 1. on. thunderbolt, with 


14 


.320-5 


M 1 




wings closed ; in front, cornucopiae ; 
behind, TT [=80]; border of dots. 








[Plate lxxxiv. 19.] 


15 


301-5 


M 1 


Similar. ' Similar; but behind, M [=40]. 


16 


156 


M -8 


[Plate lxxxiv. 20.] 








* See Eegling, Z. f. N., xxiii., pp. 115 fi 
vol. i., pp. 595 ff. 


; and Grenfell and Hunt, TeUunis Papyri, 



400 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



17 



199 



^ 1-1 



18 
19 



129 
121 



yE 1 

M 1 



20 



97 



21 



64-J 



M -8 



M -65 



The monogram on the Bev. indicates a close connection between No. 17 and Nos. 18 f. 

In fahric they are not quite alike, but both groups agree in differing 

marlcedhj from Nos. 14 f£. 



Bust of Cleopatra VII. r., as Aphrodite ; 
wears drapery over shoulders, and 
stephane, and carries in her arms her 
son Caesarion as Eros ; behind, upper 
part of sceptre ; border of dots. 



KAEOHATPAZ BAZIAIZZHZ 

(from I., upwards) 
Double cornucopiae, filleted; to r., above 

tip of horn, p] ; border of dots. 



IB.M.C, Pl. XXX. 6.] 



Head of Zeus Animon r., horned. 



HTOAEMAIOY BAZIAEHZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed; over r. shoulder, palm- 
branch ; beliind, &] ; border of dots. 



[i'.J/.C, Pl. XXX. 3.] 



Evidence of proceiianre a-ould indicate that the following were struclc at Benjtus.* 

Theij are dated according to the years of Cleopatra and cdso of Caesarion (or 

M. Antonius), and therefore belong to the year 31 B.C. 



BACIAICCHCKA[€onA] TPAC 

(from r., downwards). 
Bust of Cleopatra VII. r., diademed, 
and having drapery over shoulders, and 
necklace ; border of dots. 



BACIAICCHCKA€ oHATPAC 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar type ; same bordei'. 



Head of M. Antonius r. ; around, from 1. 
upwards, €TOYCKATOYKAI[CO 
€AC] N€WT€PAC ; border of dots. 



Athena, helmeted, and armed with speai- 
and shield, advancing 1. to the charge ; 
around, from ]. upwards, 0€ACN€ 
WT [€PACeT]oYCKATOY 



[Plate lxxxiv. 21.] 



* See Rouvier, J.mra. Intera., iii„ p. 266. For other coins with portrait of Cleopatra, 
see supra, Antioch, p. 147, No. 50, and Damascus, p. 218, No. 1. 



UNCERTAIN 



401 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



54 



M -6 



oV 



M 



Obverse 



Reverse 



UNCERTAIN PTOLEMIES 



Bronze 



The following is not obviously connected wiili any of tlie series liitherto 

described* 



Head of Alexander the Great r., wear- 
ing head-dress of elephant's skin (?) ; 
border of dots. 



nXoAEMAIOYEBAZIAEQZ] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; l^order of dots. 



[Plate lxxxiv. 22.] 



No. 2 has vsiirilhi been ntiribnled in f'yrenaica on account of its Obv. type. 
This ricn- is hardly confirmed by the fabric. -f 



Ram standing r. 



nroAEMAlOY BAZIAEQZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; in front, star of six 
rays ; border of dots. 



VOL. Ill- 



* Dr. Svoronos, in a private letter, informs me that it appears to him to belong to the 
reign of Ptolemy X. The head on the Obv., however, seems to have a considerable 
resemblance to that on a piece assigned by him elsewhere to Ptolemy III. (oj). cit., p. 147, 
No. 969, Plate xxix. 24). 

+ Attention is well drawn to this point by Svonoros, who would assign such pieces to 
Ptolemy V. {op. cit., pp. tAS' and 205). 



3 Y 



402 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



23a 



Mktal 
Size 



/E 11 



209-, 



Ai 1 



104 



JE -9 



Obveesb 



Reverse 



ALEXANDRIA* 



Hfjlipf oi-iiipieil a poMiion ch'siinct from that of ani/ oilie.r portion 
floiiiiiiioiin. If ?cns in a peculiar s('ii..<<r. an imperial proriiiee, the 



of the Bomaii 
,„,„........ ^. .. .i„ ,,„ ,, peculiar tien.ae nil imperial prorijice, the Senate being 

ahsolvtehj precluded from ani/ shiire in itfi advu'nistr(ttion. It is iieneralli] 

assumed that Ale.candrid, the capital, was the mint ivhence was issued 

the extensive currencij iieressarii for so rich a country. f 

AUGUSTUS 

The first coins stmrl- after the annexation of the province u-cre modelled on the 
hronr.e pieces of Cleopatra desrrihed ahove, p. 399, Nos. 14 — 16 (q.v.). 

Bronze 
Piece of Eighty Drachmae 



[e]E«YYI»Y (across field) 
Head of Augustus r., bare. 



KAICAP-Z AVT«KPAT»P«S 

(from ]., iipwards) 
Eagle standing ]. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed ; in front, cornucopiae ; 
behind, value-mark. 



n 



[n.M.C, Pl. xxy. 1.] 



Kos. 2—7 were utrvclc svhseqnent to 27 B.C., irhen Octarius had the title of 'Auqnstus 
formallji heslon-ed upon him. j\',.,v. 2 and ?, are closeh/ cnncrted in sti/le 
and appear to he related as 2:1. The sti/le of the smaller pieces ' 
is different, and the denonvination doiditfid. 



[CJEBA [:T0[C] (across field) 
Head of Augustus r., bare. 



[SJEBA ZTOZ (across field) 
Similar. 



I KAJ CAP (acrcss field) 

Circular shrine resting on steps and 
I having conical roof, which is sup- 
i ported by four columns ; within, thy- 

miaterion. 

[n.M.C, Pr.. XXX. 7.] 



KAICAP (above) 

Sacrificial vase 1., placed between ladle 
I to 1. and lituus and axe to r. 



* The method of classification here followed is in some re.'inects a upw n,ir. T^ i ■ -n, 
the series was arranged for this Catalogue on the urincipTes adoB ed inth. R J) n ° T^ 
proved that some features of real importance weU thus lost^stht of th! wh^le 
re-arranged on a strictly .scientific, i.e. k chronoloo-ical bash Final v. t.„VH '''''t 

t See, however, Dattiiri, l.'ii,, Itat. di Num., 1900, pp, 267 ff. 



ALEXANDRIA 



mi 



No. 



Wkigut 



41o 
•11 



lo-l 



139 



10 
11 



89 
66 



12 



39 



Metal 
Size 



Ai -8 
.E -8 



^ -06 



Obverse 



Ueveuse 



^ 


•55 


.E 


•6 


M 


•6 


M 


■6 


M 


1 


JE 


1 



KAI ZAP (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Augustus r., ]aur. 



Similar. 



Sirailar. 



ZEB AZT»Z (from 1., upwards) 
Ibis advaiiciiig 1. 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI. 6.] 



ZEBAZT»Z (from r., downwards) 
Crescent upwards ; between horns, star 
of eight rays. 



ZEBA ZT«Z (from 1., upwards) 
Head-dref-s of Isis, consisting of horns, 
globe, and plumes ; all within wreath. 



Til the ijear B.C. 2 the title of ' Pater Fatridc ' toan hestoircd upon AiKjii^las. 

The following icere probribly ismied soon afterwards. Tliere were two sericn, 

each conlainiiiij two denominations, one double of the other.* 



nATHP nATPIA»Z 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Augustus r., laur. 



Similar. 



ZE_^BA ZT»Z (across field) 
Six ears of corn bound together. 



ZEBAZT-Z (beneath) 

Capricorn r. ; above, star of eight rays. 



inscr, obscure. 



Similar. 



[PlA'le lxxxv. 1.] 



ZE BA ZT«Z (from 1., upwards) 
Piloi of the Diuskouroi, surmounted by 
stars. 



[Plate lxxxv. 2.] 

If the letter on the Ohr. of the fiAluwimj be, a date, ■f No. 12 iras struck in 11 — lU B.C.:|: 
The inscr. rather stiij<jests a connection leith Xos. 2 f. 



[CEBAC]T«[C] (beneath) 

Prow r. ; above, K 



K A I within wreath of laurel. 
CAP 



[Plate lxxxv. 3.] 



* For the lower denomination of the second series, see Dattari, Catalogo, p. 4, No. 55. 

t The absence of L is a real difficulty. In view of Ecgling's discovery as to the significance 
of 7T •'^"'1 M (.^'^^ nit-pru, p. 399), the suggestion that it may be a value-mark should not be 
lost fcight of, especially in view of the fact that | occurs on a still smaller denomination in 
later reigns. (See B.M.C., Nos. ]89, 344, 354, 896 f., 907 ff.) 

+ That is, on the assumption that the regnal years of Augustus were reckoned, as Poole 
supposes, from August, 30 B.C. This view has been generally accepted (Pick, Z.f.N., xiv., pp. 
30O fE., and Kaestner, De Aeris, pp. 83 ff.), and Dattari's arguments in favour of 27 B.C. do not 
seem convincing (Riu. Ifal. di Nuia., 1900, pp. 275 ff.). 

3 K 2 



404 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



13 



i20 



14 



15 



16 



163 



66 



38 



18 I 87-5 



Metal 
Size 



^E 1 



M -96 



M -76 



M -6 



17 ! 127 ; M -96 



M -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The dated eolns of Amivntm form the latest ijroiqj issued in Ms reign. There were 

two parallel scries, one represented here hij Nos. 13—16, the other, inth 

varyituj Itev. types, hij No. 17. 



Head of Augustus r., laui'. 



Wreath of oak ; within which, date. 
|Ae [=9-10 A.r.] 

Sfmilar. Similar. 

|_MA [=11-12 A.D.] 

SimOar. Similar. 

|_M [=10—11 A.D.] 

Similar. Similar. 

|_MA [ = 11-12 A.D.] 

i 
[Plate lxxxv. 4.] 



Similar. Nike standing 1., holding wreath and 

palm. 

in field, L MB [ = 12—13 A.D.] 



LIVIA 

Bronze 

Ihi.riiiij the reiijn of Angimtiis coins with the head <;/' Iris consort wcic issued. 

It will he found that these corrcsjiund to the groups with the Euipcrar's owu 

head, as described ahocc* Sec also infra, p. 406, Ao. 27. 



AI.YIA CEBACT-Y 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Livia r. ; -hair in knot behind. 



Eagle (or hawk?) standing 1., with wings 
closed. 



first word, off coin. 



[Plate lxxxv. 5.] 



* The correspoiidcnue in the case of No. 18 is doubtful, but the style suggests that it is 
parallel to Nos. 2 f. of Augustus. 



ALEXANDRIA 



405 



No. 



19 



20 



21 



23 



24 



Weight 



151 



164-5 



106 



206-5 



219 



Metal 
Size 



105 ' ^m -tto 



^ 1 



Obverse 



^E -95 



^E 1 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Similar. 

second word, obscure. 

Similar type. 



Similar type. 



Similar type. 



25 127 



Bill. 1 



Reverse 



nATP«Z nATPIA»Z 

(from 1., upwards) 
Double cornucopiae 1., filleted. 



[Plate lxxxv. 6.] 



Wreath of oak ; within which, date. 
[M [=10—11 A.n.] 



Modins containing' ears of corn and poppy- 
heads, wreathed with garland of flowere ; 
on either side, flaming torch, with ser- 
pent twined round it. 

in ex., LAG [=9—10 A.D.] 



Athena, wearing crested helmet and long 
chiton, standing 1., holding Nike on 
extended v. and leaning with 1. on 
shield. 

in held, L MB [ = 12—13 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxv. 7.] 



TIBEBTUS 

T]te earliest insues of Tiberhm were small bronze pieces, strucle in his fourth, fifth, 

and sixth years, liere represented bij No. 26. In his seventh year he commenced 

to iniid billoit tetradrachms, at first intermittently, bat afterwards annually. 



Billon 



TIBEPIOZKAIZAPZEBAZTOZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Tiberius r., laur. 



in front, [Z [ = 19— 20 A.D.] 
in front, [Z [=19—20 A.D.] 

Similar ; but type 1. 
date obscui'B. 



GEOZ ZEBAZTOZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Augustus r., radiate. 



[Plate lxxxv. 8.] 



Similar ; but type r. 



40G 



EGYPT 



No. 



WlilGHT 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveese 



Bkonze 



26 



27 



84-, 



31 



M -8 



JE -6 



Head of Tiberius r., bare. 



TIBEPI'Y (above) 
Hippopotamus r. 

iuex., LE [ = 17—18 A.D.] 



LIVIA 

BllONZE 

iSiiiall bronze pieces with the head of Liciu toere issued cuateiuporaneoiishj witli 
the class of coins represented by No. 26. Cf. supra, jJ. 404, Mos. 18 ff. 

Head of Livia r. ; bair in iiiiot behind. I Two eai-.s of com, flanked by two poppy- 
heads ; all tied together. 

infield, L E [=17—18 A. P.] 



CALIGULA 

Bronze 

^'('|■|J feir coins ivere slrack in Egypt iiiider Cnligida. The attribution of No. 28 
to his rciijii seems possible, ihoaijh not certain.* 



28 



34 



.JK -6 



Bii'd with long leg's and neck, standing 1., 
with closed wings. 



Bull standing r., disk between horns, 
above, LB [=37 — o8 A.D.] 



29 



I8f) 



Bill. 1 



CLAUDICS 

Billon t 

TIKAAYAIKAIZZEBATEPMANI ANTI2NIA ZEBAZTH 
AYTOKP (from 1., upwards) (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Claudius i\, laur. Bust of Autonia r,, draped ; hair in 

queue, 
in front, |_B [ = 41—42 A.n.] ; 

[Pr.ATE LXXXV. 9.] 



* See Datfcari, Kii', Ital. di Nam., 1900, pp. 378 tf. 

t According to Dattari's analysis, tho tetradraclims henceforth contain only about half as 
much silver as before. {Riv. Ital. di Num., 1902, p. 435.) 



ALEXANDRIA 



407 



No. 



Weight 



35 


189 


36 


187 


37 


202 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revekke 



Tetnulnichian with tho li/pos of A'os. 30 — 37 wore issued darinij each of the jirxl 

six years of the reiijii of Cl<iiidiiis. Thromjhout, there were two parnllel series, 

one having a litnus in the field of the Ihr.'-' 

TIKAAYAIKAIZZEBATEPMANI \ MEZZAAI NA KAIZ ZEBAZ 



30 


197 


Bill. 


•95 


31 


188 


Bill. 


■95 


32 


20-4 


Bill. 


10 


33 


183 


Bill. 


1 


3^ 


201 


Bill. 


■9 



AYTOKP t (fi'om 1,, upwards) 

Head of Claudius r., laur. ; in front, 
date. 



|_r [ = 42—43 A.D.] 

|_A [=43-^,4 A.D.] 

|_E [=.44—45 A.D.] 

[5 [=45—46 A.D.] 

[S [=45—46 A.D.] 



SiiTiilar, with AYTOK 
Bill. -95 |_B [=41—42 a.p.] 

Bill. 105 [T [ = 42-43 A.15.] 

Bill, 1 j [5" [45—46 A.D.] 



(from 1., u2Di\-ards) 
Messalina standing L, as Demeter ; she 
wears veil, chiton and peplos, and 
holds two small figures on extended 
r., while on her 1. arm, which is sup- 
ported by small column, she carries 
gathered drapery and ears of corn. 



[B.M.C, Pt,. II. 73.] 



Similar, with A in inscr. ; in front, 
lituus. 



38 



137 



M -95 



Beonze 

Dvriaij the early years of Claiidiiis [especially the Year 2) the issues of bronze niere 

also plentiful. A cessation ensued sinndtaneonsly with the cessation of the 

tetradrachms. The arrangement of the inscr. .ihoirs that Nc 38 belongs 

to a different series from those that fdlow. 



. - -] C€BAC r€PM AN I [- - -] 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. 



Hippopotamus r. 



above, LB [ = 41—42 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxv. 10.] 



* Examples for each year will be found in Dattari, Catilogo, p. 8. There was also a series 
with the lituiis, corresponding to No. 29 j see B.M.G., p. 9, No. 67. 

t On Nos. 32, 33, 34, and 36 the last word is partly off the flan, so that the termination is 
doubtful. The form of A (both on Obv. and Rev.) is sometimes uncertain. 



408 



EGYPT 



No. 



39 



40 
41 



42 



43 



44 



Weight 



108 



87 
60 



120 



65 



146-5 



45 


71 


46 


70 


47 


147 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Nos. 39 — 49 belong to one group, which included a number of series. Each series 

contained two denominations, having similar types. The larger is distinguished, not 

only by its module, but also (usually) by the iiresenee of a star on the Obv. 



M 1 



TIKAAYKAI C€BACr€PMA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. ; in front, 
star. 



Similar, with r€PM ; no star. 
71'] -8 j (form of A, doubtful) 
MS I (A in in.sor.). 



Similar tn No. 39. 



M 1-1 



M '8 



M 1-05 



M -8 

M -8 



Similar to No. 40, with A 



Similar to No. 39, with A 



AYTOKPA (to 1., upwards) 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm. 

infield, L B [=41—42 a.d.] 



Similar. 

in field, L B [=41 — 42 A.D.] ; A in in.sor. 

to r., LB [=41—42 A.D.] 

AYTOKPA (above) 

Bull butting r. ; tail raised so as to 
curve above inscr. 

in ex., Lr [=42—43 a.d.] 

{B.M.C., Pl. XXV. 85.] 

Similar. 

in ex., Lr [ = 42—43 a.d.] 



AYTOKPA (above) 
Hippopotamus walking r. 



in ex., LB [=41—42 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxv. 11.] 

Similar to No. 43 ; but in front, lituus. i Similar. 

in ex., LB [=41—42 a.d.] 
in ex., LB [=41—42 a.d.] 



Similar to No. 44. 



M 1 



AYTOKPA (to 1., upwards) 
Six stalks of corn, tied together. 
i 
i to r., LB [ = 41—42 A.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



409 



Nu. 



-19 



50 



61 



Weight 



94 
63 



139- 



142-5 



S-i-, 



54 



76-5 
57 



Metal 
Size 



.E -85 



Ji 11 



^E 1 



M -8 



M -85 
JE -8 



Obvebse 



Similar to Nu. 40. 



insci'. obscure. 



Revekse 

Similar. 

to v., LB [ = 41— 4'J A.U.] 

tor., LB [=41-42 A.D.] 



JUiitiiiij was rcsaiiicil, after a break af three years, in the tenth year of Claiicliiis. 
It was confined to bronze. The fuUowing tjroup consists of tioo series, each of two 
denominations, the lanjcr heinij distin(jaislied, not only by module, but also by liarimj 
the date .placed on the Obv. The types of the denominations differ, so that the exact 

grouping is uncertain. 



-KAAYAIOC C€BACr€PMA 

{sic, from 1., upwards) 
Head of Claudius v., laur. 



infrout, U [ = 49—50 A.D.] 



AYTO KPA (across field) 

Bust of Nilus r., crowned with papyx-us; 
bcueatli, two cornuacupiae ; above tliat 
on r., infant with 1. arm raised. 



(No. 50 has been retouched.*) 



C€BA - - (from 1., upwards) 

Similar. 



in front, |_j_A [=50—51 A.D.] 



TIKAAYKAI [C€BACr€PM] 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. 



TIKAAYKAI C€BACr€PM 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laur. 

(first part of inscr. off coin.) 



AYTO KPA (across field) 

Winged caduoeus, flanked on eithei' side 
by two stalks of corn ; the whole tied 
together. 

[Plate lxxxv. 12.] 



[A]YT OKPA (across field) 

Right hand grasping three jjoppy-heads 
and two ears of corn. 

beneath, L lA [=60—61 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxv. 13.] 



AYTOKPA (above) 
Two right hands clasjjed. 



beneath, L I [=49—50 a.d.] 
beneath, L I [=49-50 a.d.] 



* Hence the curioug Obv. inscr. On the H,ev. the two cornuacopiae have been united, and, 
along with the infant, worliied into a single mermaid-like figure. 

3 G 



410 



EGYPT 



No. 



55 
56 



57 
58 

5i) 



61 

62 
63 



WKiaiiT 



94 



164-5 
160-5 

148 



60 ! 142 



165 

128 
145-5 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eevekse 



Similar, witli A in inscr. 
^ '85 ! KAI obscure. 

xE -85 KA in iiisor. 



Similar. 

beneath, L lA [=60 — 51 a.d.] 

beneath, L I A [ = 50 — 51 A.D.] 



jE 1-05 
J5 1 

^ 1 



JE 1 
iE 1 

M 1 
M 1 



Nob. 57 to 59 nil holoiig to the smue ilenoinincUwit. 



TIKAAYKAI C€BACr€PMA 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Claudius r., laui". 



(inscr. partly ofi coin.) 



AYTO KPA (from 1., upwards) 

Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with 
wings closed and head turned back. 

in field, L IB [ = 51—52 a.d.] 



infield, L ir [ = 62—53 a.d.] 

(Xi). 58 ia restrack ou a ooiii with similar types.) 

I infield, L IT [ = 52—53 a.d.] 



AGllIPPINA 



Bronze 



The coins liairiiKj the head of Aijiippina vialce their jiist iqjpeai-auce in the twelfth ijcar 

of (Jliiiiitius. They are contemporary with the precediiuj ijroiip, and icere strncl- 

■lit three dcHoiuinatioiis, only the largest of which is rejjresented here* 



ATPinniNA C6BACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
]3ust of Agrippina r., as Uemetei- ; hair 
in queue and wreathed with corn. 



Bust of Euthenia r., draped and crowned 
Avith corn ; a bunch of corn decorates 
her breast ; across field, EYQH NIA, 
beneath which, date. 

L IB [=51—52 A.D.] 

L IB [=51—52 A.D.] 

IB.M.C, Pl. XXII. 108.] 

L ir [=52—53 A.D.] 

L ir [=62—53 A.D.] 



* For the others see Dtittari, Catalogo, p. 11, No. 181 f., and 183. 



ALEXANDRIA 



4 LI 



No. 



Weight 



MHIAT, 

Size 



64. 



g:. 



189 



200-5 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



66 



67 



206-5 



180 



Obvebse 



Reverse 



NERO 



Billon 



The hiUon coiiiaije of Ncrn'n rei'dii fiilh into three loeU-marl-ed period^,'-'- each harimj 

a rhiiritrteritflir (■/(i.s.s of t/ijiex, hifliiilivi] family poriraUx. It is not likely that the.^e 

periods have mil/ poliliral or economic significrince. More prohahly they indicate 

changes in the jiersonal administration of the mint. 

First Period {Years 3 — C^). 

On the coins of the First Period Nero's head on the Ohr. is ahrays lanreate, and 

to r. The family portraits are the heads <f Agripiiina and (f Oclnrin. For the 

rest, the Bee. types are (leith the exception, if Aijatliodtiimon) pcrsnnif cations 

such as are iisucdhj fonnd on Itoman coins, a dcscriiilirn title heing always 

added. The date is itlaced on the Per. 



NEP(nN)KAAYKAIZ ZEB(A)rE 

PAYTO t (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Nero r., laur., one end of 
wreath broadens out and falls forward 
over r. shoulder. J 

NEP 



NEPfl 



Similar. 



Bill. 1 ' NEP 



Bill. •9.-. NEPIi 



ArpinniNA zebazth 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Agrippina r.. draped ; hair in 
queue. 



in front, |_r [=56—57 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxv. 14.] 
in front, [E [=58—59 a.d.] 



OKTAOYIA ZEBAZTOY 

Bust of Octavia r., draped ; hair in 
knot behind, with long tress falling 
over neck. 

in front, [T [ = 56—57 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxv. 15.] 

in front; |_E [-=58—59 A.D.] 



* Dattari {Riv. Ital. di Num., 1903, pp. 11 ff.) recognizes two issues, with the commence- 
ment of the second of which he associates a ' monetary reform.' It should be noted that there 
is in the B.M. (unpviblished) a coin with |_^ . The Obv. type is similar to that found on Nos. 
64 if., while the inacr. is [ ] KAIZZEB TE PM AYT- 

f Dattari has drawn attention to the gradual growth of the inscr. from N EP to N EPflN 
on the coins of Group I., which corresponds to his 'first issue.' He well points oiU that the 
change always takes place in the middle of the (Alexandrian) year — that is, probably at the 
commencement of the Roman year {Biv. Ital. di Nwni., 190.3, pp. 1.5 ff.). This principle admits 
of wider application, as will be seen from instances throughout tho whole Alexandrian series. 
Coins with NEP h^ive ZEBj '"'t'ilG all others hare ZEBA, the change having taken 
place in the course of the Year 4. 

I On some coins of the year P (presumably the earliest) the ends of the wreath hang 
straight down. 

3 G 2 



n-2 



EGYPT 



No. 



69 



70 



7;; 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Similar. 



(iS 214-5 I Bill. 1 NEPn 



199 \ Bill. 1 NEPn 



Similar. 



205 I Bill. -95 , NEP 



71 20-J--5 Bill. 11 I NEPH 

i 

; 

Similar. 

1 

72 j 203 : Bill. '95 j NEP 

7:1 ■ 214-5 Bill. -95 NEPHN 

i 

195-5 Bill. -9,-, NEPUN 
Similar. 



189-5 Bill. -95 



NEP 



Similar. 



201-5 , Bill. -95 : NEP 



77 198-5 "• Bill. 1 NEPn 
rs ! 203 ^ Bill. -95 I NEPflN 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Demeter, standing to front, head 1., clad 
in long chiton and pejjlos ; she holds 
ears of corn in extended r., and leans 
with 1. on long sceptre ; around, from 
I., upwards, title ; to 1., beneath, date. 

AH MH TEP(s'V) |_A [ = 57-58 a.d.] 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. II. 138.] 
AH MH THP |_E [=58-59 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., wearing chiton, 
peplos, ami veil ; she holds scales in 
r., and gathered drapery in 1.; around, 
from 1. upwards, AIKA I OEVNH 

to r., beneath, | A [=57 — 58 a.d.] 

to r., beneath, | E [=58 — 59 a.d.] 
\_B.M.G., Pl. VII. 146.] 

Eirene, wearing chiton and peplos, stand- 
ing r., holding caduceus in r. and helmet 
in 1. ; across field, IPH NH 

to r., beneath, I P [=56 — 57' a.d.] 

to r., beneath, [_E [=58—59 a.d.] 

IB.M.C, Pl. VII. 148.] 
to r., beneath, Ig' [ = 59 — CiQ a.d.] 



Homonoia, wearing chiton and peplos, 
seated 1. on chair with low back, 
holding patera (?) in e.xtended r. ; feet 
resting on footstool ; fi'om 1. upwards, 

OMO NOIA 

in front, obscure date. 
(Nn. 75 is donble-struck.) 

Demos of the Komans, wearing himation 
which leaves breast and r. shoulder 
bare, standing r., leaning with r. on 
long sceptre, and holding cornucopiae 
in ]. ; to 1. upwai-ds and to r. down- 
wards, AHMOZPX2 MAinN 

to r., beneath, |A [=57 — 58 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxv. 16.] 

to r., beneath, [A [ = 57 — 58 a.d.] 

to r., beneath, [_£ [ = 58— 59 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



-nn 



No. 



86 



Weight 



83 202 

8-1, I 206-5 
So ! 202-5 



Metal 

SlZK 



191 ! Bill. 1 



80 JS5-5 Bill. 1 



81 i 181 I Bill. -95 

82 , 205 Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Similar. 



NEPn 



Similar. 



NEPn 



Similai'. 



NEP 
NEP 



Bill. 1 NEPn 
Bill. -95 i NEPX2 



NEPI2N 



Obverse 



Rkvebse 



The Emperor, radiate, wearing cliiton and 
liimation, seated 1. ou tlii'oue, holding- 
scroll in extended r., and leaning -with 
1. on sceptre ; around, from 1. np-^vards, 
nPoNNEoYZE BAZTOY 

in front, [_£ [ = 58—59 I.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XI. 155.] 

Roma, wearing crested helmet, cliiton and 
peplos, seated 1. on low chair, holding 
in extended r. Nike ]., and in 1. para- 
zonium ; across field, PQJ M H 

behind, |_E [ = 58—59 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. xxiii. 160.] 

Serpent Agathodaimon r., with head erect, 
wearing skhent, and holding in its coils 
poppy-heads and ears of corn ; ' around, 
from 1. upwards, NEO-ATAQ-AA 
IM 

date off coin. 

in front, [T [=56—57 a.d.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. XXVI. 171.] 
in front, [A [=57—58 a.d.] 

in front, [A [ = 57 — 58 A.D.] 

in front, [_£ [=58—59 a.d.] 



194 



Bill. 1 



Second rerind {Years 10—13).* 

Oil coins of flie Second Feyiod the head of Nero is still to r., lint is radiate. 

Ill the coni-se of the .Yenr 11 there is a inarl-ed modification in the Ohr. tijpe. 

The characteristic family portrait is the head of Poppaea. The other 

Hev. types are, for the most part, Eijyptiiin in character, no names 

being affixed. The date is on the Iter., and so {except on the 

pieces vrith the head of Poppaea) is the impericd title. 



nephkaavkaizzebtepav 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Nero r., radiate ; both ends 
of wreath hang down behind. 



nonnAIAZEBAZTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Pojjpaea r., draped ; hair 
queue behind ; in front, date. 

I [ = 63— (M A.D.] 



* There vfUft a small issue of billon coins in the Tear 9 (See B.M.O., p. 20, Nos. 169 f., and 
Dattari, Cataloc/o, pp. 14 and 16 f., Nos. 228, 261 f., 273 f.).. Tliese are attached, liy the s'cnora] 
character of the Obv., to the coins of the First Period. Some read N EPXIN, others N EP.!!,, 
and the Obv. inscription has no break, while the forms € and C .arc sometimes employed. 
There is also in the B.M. (unpublished) a coin of the Year 10, having the Obv. type similar to 
that used during the First Period, and the inscr. identical ivith that on Nos. 90 ff. It obviously 
represents a transition stage. 



414 



EGYPT 



No. I Weight 

87 205 

88 198 
89* '' 202 



90 
91 
92 



206 

193-5 

201 



93 

94 



186 
195 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. ro5 
Bill. 1 
Bill. 1-05 



Obveese 



Reverse 



95 I 207 



96 



97 



199 



211 



98* 199 



Bill 
Bill 
Bill 



1-05 
1 
1 



Bill. 
Bill. 



•95 
1 



L! [=63—64 A.D.] 
IJA [=64—65 A.D.] 
! IJA [ = 64—65 A.D.] 

[Pr.ATE LXXXV. 17.] 



;Bin. 1 



Bill. •9.'= 



Bill. -9.' 



Bill. -9 



NEPHKAAYKAIZZEBrEP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Nero r., radiate, n.s on No, 86. 



(form of n. doublfiil.) 
(£2 in inscr.) 

Similar ; bnfc bust shown, with aegis. 

(£1 in inscr.) 
(12 in inscr.) 

Similar, with Q. 



AYTO KPA (from ]., upward.s) 

Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing 
taenia and modi us decorated with laurel ; 
in front, date. 

y [=63—64 A.n.] 

Lj [=63—64 A.D.] 

LJA [=64—65 A.D.] 

IJi.M.C, Pl. XIII. 168.] 

AYTO KPA (from ]., upwards) 

Bust of Alexandria r., draped, wearing 
elephant's skin on bead ; in front, date. 

LJB [=65—66 A.D.] 

LJB [=65—66 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pr.. XXIV. 163.] 



AY To KPA (from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing 1., with wings closed; 
palm over r. shoulder ; in front, date. 



Similar. 



LJA [ = 64—65 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxv. 18.] 

LJA [=64—65 A.D.] 



Similar; but behind, simpulum. 
LJA [=64—65 A.D.] 

[7;.jl/.r'., Pl. XXV. 166.] 
LJB [ = 65—66 A.D.] 



* Presented by the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1902. 



ALEXANDRIA 



n: 



Nu. 



^\'Kll;HT 



i 'J!) 



100* 
101 



102 
103 



104 
105 
106* 

107 



210 



214 
195 



193-6 

198-5 



ISl 
189 

20-4 

204 



Mktal 

SlZK 



Bill, -9 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 
Bill. 1 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -95 
Bill. 1-05 

Bill. 1 



Obvebsk 



Similar ; aegis less conspicuous. 



Reykksjs 



Similar. 



AYTO KPA (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Ruina r., wearing crested lielmet 
and cuirass ; in front, date. 

\_\r [=66—67 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXIII. 162.] 

AYTO KPA (from 1., upwards) 
Young male bust (of Apollo?) r., laur. ; 
in front, date. 

Ijr [=66—67 A.D.] 

|ir [=66—67 A.D.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. III. 140.] 



Third Period (Years 13 f and 14). 

Oil the coins of the Third Period, Nero's head is always represented radiate, and 

to I. The f anvil ij portraits are the heads of Augustus and of Tihcrius, Willi the 

fxreption of the imperial ijalleij, all of the remainimj llev. tij[ies are heads of Oh/nijiiaii 

deities, tlic iiumes being iuvariahlij added. I The date is now Iransfcrrcil to the 

Obe. The series represented bij Nos. 102 — 110 seem to Itave been issued 

only during the I cur 18. Note that in the Year 14 there are 

ti\:o parallel series for each lleo. type, distinguished by 

the pjresence or absence of a star. 



NEPHKAAVKAISZEBrEPAV 

(from 1,, upwards) 
Bust of Nero 1., radiate, having aegis 
about shoulders ; in front, date. 

yr [ = 66—67 A.D.] 

|_ir [ = 66—67 A.D.] 



Similar. 

yr [=66—67 A.D.] 
jjr [=66—67 A.D.] 
jjr [=66—67 A.D.] 

yr [=66—67 A.D.] 



e€OZ ZEBAZTOZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Augustus r., radiate. 



[PLA'J'Ji LXXXV. 19.] 



TIBEPIOZ KAIZAP 

(from 1., U2) wards) 
Head of Tiberius r. , laui-. 



[Plate lxxxv. 20.] 



* Presented by the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1902. 

■|" On the occurrence of a change in the middle of the (Alexandrian) year, see supra, 
p. 411, footnote. 

J Eckhel (D.N. v., vi. 278) has connected these types, including the galley, with Nero's 
visit to Greece. 



416 



EGYPT 



No. 



108 

109 
110* 



111 

113 



114 

115 
116 



117 

lis 



Weight 



119 



205 

190 
191 



187 
200 
201 



199 

204-5 
185 



207 
194-5 



189 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9.:, 

Bill. -96 
Bill. 1 



Bill 95 

Bill. 1 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 
Bill. 1-1 



Bill. 95 



Obverse 



Similar. 



yr [ = 66—67 A.D.] 

[ir [=66—67 A.D.] 
yr [=66—67 A.D.] 



Similar. 

Bill. -95 I yA [=67—68 a.d.] 
Bill. -95 , LJA [ = 67—68 a.d.] 
Bill. 1 yA [ = 07—68 A.D.] 

Similar. 



yr [ = 66—67 A.D.] 

yA [ = 67—68 A.D.] 
[lA [=67—68 A.D.] 

Similar. 

yr [ = 66—67 A.D.] 
date illegible. 

Similar. 

yA [ = 67—68 A.D.] 



Rkveesb 



Galley moving r. over waves, with main- 
sail hoisted and pennons flying ; in the 
stern, -which is curved to represent a 
goose 1. {x>]VL(TK3-;), is seen steersman 
r. ; other figures visible on deck ; two 
dolphins among -waves ; above, ZEBAZ 

To<|)oPoZ 

[Plate lxxxv. 21.] 



Head of Olymjjian Zeus :i-., laur. ; around, 
from 1. upwards. AIOZOAV MR 
lOV 



in front, star. 



[Plate lxxxv. 22.] 

Bust of Argeian Hera r., wearing stephane 
and veil ; around, from 1. ujiwards, 
HPA APrEIA 



[Plate lxxxv. 23.] 



in fi'ont, star. 



Bust of Isthmian Poseidon r., draped and 
weai-ing- taenia ; over shoulder, trident ; 
around, from 1. upwards FIOZEIA 
GNIZeMIOZ 

[Plate lxxxv. 24.] 

in front, star. 



Bust of Pythian Apollo r., draped and 
laur. ; quiver on back ; around, from 

1. upwards, nYeio[z AnoA 

A]I2N 

in front, star. 

[Of. B.M.C., Pl. III. 141.] 



* PresButud by the Jigypt Exploratiuii Fimd iu 1902. 



ALEXANDRIA 



417 



No. 



120 
]-21 



122 



Weight 



124 



1S7 
201 



123 ! i:37- 



MlCTAL 

Size 



Bill. 1 
Bill, -95 



83 5 .E -9 



M 1 



158 



Bill. 1 



Obverse 



Reveese 



Similar. 

[\A [ = G7— 68 A.D.] 
[jA [ = 67—68 A.D.] 



Bust of Actian Apollo r., draped and 
laur. ; quiver on back ; around, from 
1. upwards, AKTIOZ AROAAQN 



in front, star. 

[PtjAte lxxxv. 25.] 



Bronze 



Tlie earliest issue of bronze appears to belong to the Year 6 ;* several series were 

struck in the Year 8. From the Year 10 onwards coins in this metal were issued 

annually, but never in great ahunilnace. The types are miscellaneous. f 

The head of Nero is never radiate. 



N€PKAAV KAIC€Br€P 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Nero r., laur. 



NEPHKAAVKAIZZEBrEP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



AVTO KPA (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Alexandria r., draped, wearing 
elephant's skin on head ; in front, date. 

[_H [ = 61—62 A.D.] 



AVTO KPA (from 1., upwards) 
Eagle standing r. ; in front, date. 



yr [=66—67 A.D.] 



POPPAEA 



nonnAiA zebazth 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Poppaea r., draped; hair in 
queue. 



Eagle standing 1., with wings open and 
wreath in beak. 



in front, Q (?) 
(No. 124. has been much tooled and altered on both aides. J) 



* Dattari, Oatalogo, p. 18, No. 292. 
t See B.M.C., pp. 21 ff., and Dattari, Oatalogo, pp. 17 f. 

X It seemed best to retain it here, as it was accepted by Hunter as a rarity, and may 
have been published in some eighteenth-century catalogue. 



3 H 



418 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obveese 



Reverse 



125 



198 



Bill. 1 



126 



198 



GALEA 



Billon 



The short reign of (uillm included pK/ix of two [Alexandrian) years. In the course 

of the second of these the form of the Uhr. inscr. irus changed* The Bee. types 

are, for the most part, personifcutions such as viiijlit be found on Eoman coins, a 

descriptive title lieing iitcariahli/ added. 



AoVKAIBSoVAnrAABAKAISZ 
EBAV(T) (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Galba r., laur. ; both ends 
of -wreatli hang down behind ; in front, 
|_A [=68 A.D.] 



Bill. -95 



last three letters obscure. 



Similar. 



[Plate 



AV in inscr. 



Simila 



127 



195 Bill. 1-05 AVT in inscr. 



Similar. 



128 



203 



129 
130 



196 
174 



Bill. -96 



Bill. 1 
Bill. 1 



AV in inscr. 

Similar. 

AV in inscr. 
AV in inscr. 



Bust of Eirene r., draped, veiled, and 
wreathed with olive ; over shoulder, 
caduceus ; above, EIPH NH 



26.] 



Eleutheria, -wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing 1. ; she holds wreath in 
extended r., and in 1. (which rests 
on short colamn) sceptre and gathered 
drapery ; around, from 1. upwards, 
EAEV GEPIA 

IB.M.C, Pl. Tin. 192.] 



Kratesis, wearing chiton and peplos, stand- 
ing to front, head 1., holding in extended 
r. Nike r., and in 1. trophj ; around, 
from 1. upwards, KPA TH ZIZ 



Bust of Eoma r., ivearing crested helmet 
and cuirass, acid carrying spear and 
shield ; around, P£2 M H 

[Plate lxxxv. 27.] 

Bust of Alexandria r., draped, and wear- 
ing elephant's skin on head; around, 
from 1. upwards, AAEZAN A PEA 

[Plate lxxxv. 28.] 



on tL^Rey. "^ '^' ^'"' ' ™"' "'' '^'"'' ^°'"' "^ '"'""• ""' '^^'^"^^ ^ ^^^"^ °^' ^i™P°l^m 



ALEXANDRIA 



419 



Xo. [ Wkigut 



132 



133 



134 

135 
136 



138 



Metal 
Size 



131 ' 204 ' Bill. 1 



194 



192 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 1 



203-5 Bill. 1 



195 
199-5 



137 234 



124 



139 I 198-5 Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -95 



M 1-25 



M 1 



Obvebse 



Reverse 



ZEPoVirAABAAVToKAIZZEBA 

Similar type ; in front, IB [ = 68 — 09 

A.D.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar to No. 125 ; but in front, star. 



Similar to No. 126 ; but in front, star, 



Similar to No. 127 ; no symbol "visible. 



[Plate lxxxv. 29.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar to No. 128 ; but in front, sim- 
pulum. 



Similar to No. 129; but in front, symbol. 

star. 

simpulum. 



Bronze 

All the bronze coins of Galhu apiicfir to belong to Ms second year. 
The types are ijeiterallij Eiji/piian in character. 



ZEPoVirAABAAVToKAIZZEBA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar. 



Bust of Nilus r., wreathed with papyrus; 
behind, cornucopiae. 

in front, |_B [=68—69 A.D.] 



Bust of Sarapis r., wearing taenia and 
modius. 

in front, |_B [ = 68—69 a.d.] 



OTHO 

The whole of Otho's reign fell within one (Alexandrian) year. The types both 

of billon and of bronze coins are similar to those used under Galba. 

Billon 



aytokmapkoghnozkaizzeb 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Otho r., laur. ; one end of 
wreath falls forward over shoulder ; 
in front, [A [ = 69 a.d.] 



Bust of Eirene r., draped, veiled, and 
wreathed with olive ; over shoulder, 
caduceus ; above, EIPH NH 



8 H 2 



420 



EGYPT 



No. Weight 



140 



141 



142 



143 



144 
145 



146 



147 



148 



190-5 



190 



206-5 



99 



13] 5 
101 



124-5 



331 



126-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 1 
BUI. -9 

Bill. 1 



M -95 



M -95 
2E -95 



JE 1 



^ 1-35 



iE 1-05 



Obverse 



Eevekse 



Simila 



Eleiatheria, standing L, as on No. 126 ; 
around, from 1., upwards, EAEY 0E 
PIA 



[Plate lxxxv. 30.J 



Simila 



Bust of Eonia, as on No. 128 ; around, 
PH MH 



Bronze 



AVToKMAPKoenNOZKAIZZEB 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar. 



(AVT in inscr.) 



AVTOKKA[ ] OOnNOCC€B 

Head of Emperor r., laur. 



Bust of Sarapis r., ivearing taenia and 
modius ; in front, |_A [ = 69 A.D.] 



Bust of Isis r., draped, and wearing taenia 
and cbar-acteristic head-dress : in front 
" " [=69 A.D.] 



LA 



Similar. 



(The Obv. inscr. on No. 146 i.s tooled ; the head may not be Otho's.) 

[Plate lxxxv. 31.] 

VITELLIUS 

Vih-llius was recognhed as Emperor at Alexandria for less iliaa three months 
yespasian having been i>rodai,u,:d there on July 1st, 69 A D 7//, coinane ' 
IS, therefore, very scanty. His billon coins hare NIh: as a type 
His bronze pieces resemble those of his immediate predecessors* 



Beonze 



AVToKKAISAVAoVITEAAIoZr 

Head of Emperor r., laur. 



Bust of Nike r., winged ; in front, I A 
[=69 A.D.] ' ■- 



[Plate lxxxvi. 1.] 



OAOVOVITKAIZZEBTEPMAVT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Vitellius r., laur. 



Bust of Isis, as on Nos. 144 ff. ; in front 

|_A [ = 69 A.D.] 






ALEXANDRIA 



421 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



VESPASIAN 



Billon 



2V(e coinage of Vesjiasian during the first three years of his reign is practically 

uniform in character, except fur the inscr., lohich is different in the first year* 

The head of Titus is introduced at once as a new Jtev. type on the billon coins. 

Otherwise, there is no innovation of importance.-^ 



149 



152-S 



Bill. 1 



150 



191 



Bill. 1 



151 



202-5 



Bill. -95 



152 



194-5 



Bill. -95 



153 



189 



Bill. 1 



AVTTIT<|>AAVIoVEZnA5:iANK 

AIE (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Vespasian r., laur. ; in front, 
[A [=69 A.D.J 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



AVTOKAIXSEBAOVEZHAZIAN 

OV (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Vespasian r., laur.; in front, 
date. 



IJB [ = 69—70 A.i).] 



Eirene, wearing chiton and peplos, stand- 
ing 1., holding flower in extended r., 
and caduceus and gathered drapery in 
1. ; around, from 1. upwards, El PH N H 

IB.M.C, Pl. VII. 231.] 



Nike 1., holding wreath and palm. 



Koma, wearing crested helmet, cuirass and 
kothornoi, standing 1., leaning with r. 
on spear and holding shield on 1. arm ; 
around, from 1. upwards, P£2 MH 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXIII. 240.] 



Alexandria, wearing short chiton, chlamys, 
and kothornoi, and having elephant's 
skin on head, standing 1., holding- 
wreath in extended r., and sceptre and 
gathered drapery in 1. ; around, from 
1. upwards, AAEHAN APEIA 



<l)AAVloVEZnAZIANOZKAIZ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur.l 



[B.M.G., Pl. XXXII. 223.] 



* On some of the coins (of all years) the ends of the laurel-wreath hang straight down 
(so on Nos. 157, 159 f., 165, 167 and 169). On all others one end falls forward over shoulder. 

t Note, however, that full figures representative of Rome and Alexandria take the place 
of busts. 

X On the coins of the Year 1, and on some of those of the Year 2, the bust of Titus is 
shown., with cuirass and aegis. 



422 



EGYPT 



No. 



154 
155 
156 



157 
158 



159 



IGO 



161 



1G2 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



193 
169 
169 



191 

208 



188-5 



204 



202 



344 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -95 
Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 1 



Obvekse 



Bill. 1 



JE 1-4 



Similar. 

[B [=69—70 A.D.] 
j_B [=69—70 A.D.] 
|_B [=69-70 A.D.] 

Similar. 

|_B [=69—70 A.D.] 

|_r [=70—71 A.D.] 

Similar. 

|_B [=69—70 A.D.] 

Similar. 



Reverse 



Eii'ene standing 1., as on No. 149; around, 
El PH NH 



Nike 1., as on No. 150. 



Roma, standing 1., as on No. 151; around, 

PH MH 



Alexandria standing 1., as on No. 152 ; 
around, AAEZAN APEIA 



[Plate lxxxvi. 2.] 



Billon coins with the head of Tituf: were struch in the fourth year (B.M.C, p. 28, 

No. 2"24). Then the billon issues ceased completely until the eighth 

year, when coins loith the head of Titus were again minted. 

There was no further reoival. 



AYTOKKAIZZEBAOYEZHAZIAN 

OY (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Vespasian r., laur. ; in fx'ont, 
date. 



LH 



AYTOKPATQP TIToZ • KAIZAP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur. 



[Plate lxxxvi. 3.] 



Bronze 



The grouping of the hronze coinage folloios that of the billon issues. During the 

Jirst three years pieces of large niodide were issued (^Nos. 162 f.) as well as 

smaller pieces, the latter hearing Egyptian types. The bronze pieces 

of the first year have the sanie inscr. as the billon coins. 



AVToKKAIZZEBAoVEZnAZIAN 

OV (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Vespasian r., laur. 



Bust of Nike r., draped and winged. 



in front, j_B [69—70 A.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



42;3 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Bust of Nilus r., wreathed witli papyrus ; 
behind, oornucopiae. 


163 


253 


.E 1-2 


(inscr. not visible.) 


in front, [T [ = 70—71 A.D.] 








^Ylth the cessation of the hillon coinage the issue of bronzes of large module 

ceased also. But the smaller bronze pieces, witli Egyptian types, 

continued to be struck annually. 


164 


133 


M 1 


AVTOKKAIZZEBAOVESHAZIAN 

OV (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Vespasian r,, laiir. 


Bust of Sarapis r., wearing taenia and 
modius ; in front, date. 

[_E [ = 72—73 A.D.] 


165 


119 


JE 1 




|_5- [ = 73—74 AD.] 


166 


134 


M 1 


Similar. 


date obscure. 

Bust of Isis r., draped, and wearing 
taenia and characteristic head-dress ; 
■ in front, date. 


167 


143 


M 1 




[_A [ = 71—72 A.D.] 


168 


84 


M -95 




LE [ = 72—73 A.D.] 


169 


122 


^ -95 




[_5- [=73—74 A.D.] 


170 


155 


M 1 


Similar. 


|_Z [=74—75 A.D.] 

Canopus of Osiris on stand r., wearing 
head-dress of ram's horns, uraei, disk 
and plumes ; in front, date. 


171 


132-5 


JE ■9- 




|_A [=71—72 A.D.] 








la the eighth year of Vespasian, coiucidently leith the temporary revival of the billon 

coinage, changes were introduced into the bronze currency. Pieces of large module 

were struck once more. It is noteworthy, too, that the types that noio appear upon 

the bronze loere such as had previously been reserved for billon.* 








AYTOKKAIZZEBAOYEZHAZIAN 

OY (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Vespasian r., laur. ; after inscr., 
date. 


AYTOKPATOPOZ TITOY KAI Z 
APOX (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Titus r., laur. 


172 


289 


JE 1-35 


LENATt [ = 76—77 ad.] 


• 








* See, e.g., N"os. 172 ff., and also B.M.G., pp. 30 f., Nos. 245, 251, 258 ff., &c. 








1 There was obviously a curious prejudice, due probably to superstition, against using the 
sign for 9. It betrays itself at various periods of the Alexandrian coinage. See Dattari, 








Jiiv. Ital. di Num., 1901, p. 380. 


1 



4-24 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Mjstal 
Size 



173 

174 



98 
114 



175 



210-5 



176 



177 



201 



187 



M -9 
M 1 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



178 



137-5 



JE 1 



Obverse 



AYTOKPKAIZAPoIoYEZnAZI 

ANOY (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



Reverse 



SEBAZTOV (to 1., up-svards) 

Bust of Alexandria r., draped ; ele- 
jjhant's skin on. head ; to r., down-wards, 
date. 

[ENAT [=76—77 a.o.] 

LENAT [=76—77 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxvi. 4.] 



TITUS 

Billon 

In tie second and third years of Titus, billon coins were struclc. There is no 

evidence of bronze coinage during Ins reign. No coins at all seem to have been 

struclc during the last two years of Vespasian. 



AVTo KTITOV KA IZoV EZHAZI A 
NOVZEB (from beneath, towards 1.) 
Head of Titus r., laur. 



(one end of wreath over shoulder.) 



Similar. 



Homonoia, wearing chiton and peplos, 
seated 1., holding olive-branch in 
extended r. ; around, from 1., upwards, 
OMO NOlA ; in front, date. 

U [=80—81 A.D.] 



Bust of Sarapis r. draped and wearing 
taenia and modius ; around, from 1. 
upwai-ds, ZAPA TTIZ ; in front, date. 



(both ends of wreath straight.) |_B [ = 79—80 a.h.] 

[Plate lxxxvi. 5.] 
(one end of wreath over shoulder.) IT [=80 — 81 a.d.] 



DOMITIAN 

Beonze 

The issues of billon during this reign were very limited. Bronze, on the other lunid, 

was struck in great ahiindaace. The history of the mint falls natvridly into three 

periods, distinguished mainly by the form of the Obv. inscr.* 

First Period {Years 1 — 9). 

During this period the Obv. iascr. is continuous, and the Emperor's name is 

vnamtnictrd. ivhile the form Z is invariably employed. Two parallel groups are 

distinguishable. On the first of these (which begins in the Year 2), the sign L 

is never used, and the numbers are written in full. All the coins 

of this group are of one denomination. 



AVTOKKAIZAPAOMITIANOZZE 

B _ (from 1., upwards) 

Head*of Domitian r., laur. ; one end 
of wreath falls forward over shoulder. 



Bust of Sarapis r., draped, and wearing 
taenia and modius ; around, from 1. 
upwards, date. 

ETOVZ TPITOV [=83—84 a.d.] 

* The arrangement here suggested does not claim to be based on an exhaustive stndv of 
the material. But it is entirely confirmed by the lists in the B.ilf.C, and in Dattari's Cataloqo. 
One or two apparent exceptions are probably to be accounted for by misreadin^'s, or by t^e 
occasional survival of Obv. dies from one period to another. <= < j 



ALEXANDRIA 



425 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 




Reverse 








Similar. 




Bust of Isis r., draped, wearing disk, 
liorns, and ears of vs^lieat ; around, 
from 1. upwards, date. 


179 


125 


.E 1 






ETOVS AEVTEPOV [=82—83 a.d.] 


180 


140 


^ 1 


Similar. 




as preceding. 

Bust of Alexandria r., draped, and wearing 
elephant's skin on head ; around, from 
]. upwards, date. 


181 


179-5 


JE 1 


Similar. 




ETOVZ TPITOV [=83—84 a.d.] 
[B.M.a, Pl. xxiv. 311.] 

Eagle standing r., with wings closed ; 
around, from I. upvpards, date. 


182 


123 


^ -95 






ETOVZ AEVTEPOV [=82—83 a.d.] 


183 


125 


M -95 






ETOVZ TPITOV [=83—84 a.d.] 










[Plate t.xxxvi. 6.] 


184 


121 


M -95 


AVTKAIZAPAoMITIANOZZEBr 

EPM (from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 


Similar to No. 178. 

ETOVZ TETAPTOV [=84—85 a.d] 


185 


102 


M -95 


Similar. 




ETOVZ EKTOV [=86— 87A.D.] 
Similar to Nos. 179 f. 


186 


94 


M -95 


Similar. 




ETOVZ nEMnToV [ = 85-86 a.d] 
Similar to Nos. 182 f. 


187 


100 


M 1 






ETOVZ nEMnTOV [=85-86 A.D] 


188 


173-6 


M 1 






ETOVZ EKTOV [=86—87 a.d.] 

3 I 



VOL. in. 



426 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



189 I 147 



190 



171 



191 



192 
193 



194 
195 



G6 



70 

44 



39 

52 



19G 



121 



Metal 
Size 



M 1 
JE 1 



JE 75 



^ -75 
M -7 



M -7 
M -75 



^ '95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



The second grouj) of the Fimt Period contains at least two distinct series, each 

rontaining at least two denominations* The sign L is always employed, and the 

ninnhrr of the year, except in the case of 9,i is indicated hy a letter. The issue 

of pieces with the ]?er. type of No. 189 hegan in the first year of Domitian. 



Similar to Nos. 184 ff. 



Similar ; in front, date. 

L_E [ = 85—86 A.D.] 

Similar. 

|_E [=85—86 A.D.] 

[ E [=85—86 A.D.] 

Sim.ilar. 

|_E [=85—86 A.D.] 

[Z [=87—88 A.D.] 



Bull Apis standing r., with disk betvFeen 
his horns ; in front, thymiaterion ; 
above, date, 

[5- [=86 — 87 A. D.] ; (garland about neck). 
|_ENAT [=89—90 a.d.] ; (no garland). 

AOMITIA ZEBAZTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Domitia r., draped ; hair 
rolled. 

[Plate lxxxvi. 7.] 
Hawk r., wearing skhent with uraeus. 



Griffin seated r., with 1. fore-paw placed 
on wheel. 



Scrond Period (Years 10 and 11). 

Tliis period is rcry inadcpiatrly represented in the Hunter CaJiinct. The Ohr. inser. 
is now regularly diridcd, the Emperor's name being contracted. Almost the whole of 
the types prcrionsly in nse vere discarded, and a great varieti/ of new ones introduced 
nntcad. These are chiefly Egyptian in character, hnt the,/ also include sereral personi- 
f cations {with Greek titles) such as A7,s. 199 f. The Emperor's head is often placed 
to I. and IS sometnnes wreathed with corn.\ The form Q is introduced, and is indeed 
much commoner than Z . There was no material change in regard to the denominations. 

AVT KAIZAP AOMITZEBTEPM 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Domitian r., laur. 



Harpokrates standing 1., -wearing skhent, 
and holding chlamys and cornucopiae 
on 1. arm ; r. hand raised to his lips ; 
in front, date. 

[ lA [=91—92 A.D.] 

{B.M.C, Pl. XVII. 306.] 

tn b* cfotermiJnT'^T.!''?'*'*^^""" based on sufficient material will probahlv enable these 
en DP cipteimiiied. The types may possibly fnrnish the elues. 
t Sec supra, p. 423 footnote. 



ALEXANDRIA 



427 



No. 



197 



198 



199 



200 



201 



202 



203 
204 



205 



Wkiout 



to 



30-5 



123 



103 



146 



109-5 



54-5 



48-5 



Metai, 
Size 



jE -v.-. 



.■E -56 



M -95 



M -9 



M 1 



M -9 



M -76 
M -75 



M -65 



Obverse 



Similtir. 



No inscr. Similar type. 



Ukvkkse 



liliiuoueros walking r. ; above, date. 

IJA [ = 91—92 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvi. S.] 

Crocodile walking r. ; above, date. 
j LJA [ = 91—92 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvi. 9.] 



AVT KAICAP A0MITC€Br€PM 

(fi'oni 1., upwards) 
Head of Domitiau r., laur. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Elpis standing 1, wearing cbitoii and 
peplos ; slie holds flower in r., and lifts 
skirt of robe with 1. ; around, from 

1. upwards, €AniC C€ BACTH; 

in field, date. 

L lA [=91—92 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. VIII. 291.] 

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, stand- 
ing 1., grasping handle of rudder with r., 
and holding cornucopiae ou 1. arm ; 
around, from 1. ujjwards, TVXH C€ 
BACT ; in field, date. 



[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XI. 297.] 

Serpent Agathodaimon with head erect r., 
wearing skhent, and holding caduceus 
and ear of corn in his coils ; in ex., 
date. 

LIA [ = 91—92 A.D.] 



Serpent Agathodaimon, wearing skhent, 
perched on back of horse galloping r. ; 
beneath, date. 

LjA [ = 91—92 A.D.] 

[Pla'L'e lxxxvi. 10.] 

Uraeus, wearing head-dress of Isis, with 
head erect, 1. ; in field r., date. 

(JA [=91—92 A.D.] 
date off coin. 



Dolphin twined round anchor ; iii field, 
date. 



L I A [=91—92 A.D.] 



3i 2 



428 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



206 



203-5 



Bill. 1 



207 



198 



208 



210 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



209 



198-5 



Bill. 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Third Feriod {Years 11 — 16). 
Domiticm's Third Period is not represented at all in the Hunter Cabinet* It is 
notable for the introdactiou, in the Year 11, of the Obv. inscr. AVTKAICOEOV 
VlOCAoMITCEBrEPM, the forms 2 and E being still used, although but 
rarely. The inscr. characteristic of the Second Period seems to have survived for 
a year or two.-f Of the new tyjjes the most remarlcable are those in lohich the 
Emperor is the prominent figure. These begin to appear in the Year 12 (B.M.C., 
p. 41, Nos. 338 ff.). About the Year IS a new and larger denomination 
began to be strucle. 



NBRVA 

Billon 

Ncri'it's billon coinage appears to belong altogether to his first year, 
second year small bronze pneces loere strucle. 



In Id 



AVTNEPOVAZ KAIZZEB 

(from r., do-\viuvards) 
Head of Nerva v., laur. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bust of Sarapis r., draped, vifearing modins 
and taenia ; in field, date. 

L A [ = 96—97 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. xm. 361.] 

Eagle standing r., -witii wings closed; in 
field, date. 

L A [=96—97 A.D.] 



Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect, 
r., -wearing skhent ; holds "winged cadu- 
ceus and ears of corn in coils ; in ex., 
date. 

LA [=96—97 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvi. 11.] 

TRAJAN 

Billon 

Tr.,j„n appears to hare issued uo billon coins during the first four years of his 

reign 1 hereafter they were struck almost celery year until' Iris death. The Obv 

legend goes through a regular development.\ For the first ten years Z (or L) and 

E are invariably employed. The mint was specially active in the Years 5 and 6 



AVTKAI ZNEP TPAIANZEBfE 

P M (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Trajan r., laur. 



Nike 1., holding -wreath and palm; in 
field 1., date. 

LE [=101—102 A.D.] 

* See, however, The Nomes of Egypt, infra, No. 1. 

t It may safely be assumed, however, that the great majority of the apparent survivals are 
clue to misreadings ; it is easy to mistake | A for | ^ • apparent survivals are 

i^J^Twi-^'^^"""'^"^-'^^''" KAIZNEP TPAIANZEBTEPM (Years 5~ 

andeji AVTTPAIAN ZEB TEPAAKIKoZ (years7-9), AVTTPAIAN 

C€B r€PMAAKIK (Years 9-18, with Z and E in Years 9 and 10) , AVTTPAI 

AN API C€Br€PMAAKIK (Yearsi8andi9), AVTTPAIANAPI VJlTr 

ePMAAKIKHAP (Years 19 and 20). The most comll method of SvisLofly ^ 
faTe^tedTudlfferentTy.'"""""^ '" ''^'' '^"^"'='- "^""^ '"^^ ^^^ '^'^^ - f°- ^-^ Z and 



ALEXANDRIA 



429 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obvbrse 


Reverse 


i 






AVT KAIZNEP TPAIANZEBTE 
PM 

Similar type. 


Emperor, in quadriga, advanoiug slowly 
r. ; he holds laurel-branch and sceptre ; 
above, date. 


210 


200 


Bill. -96 




|_5- [=102—103 A.D.] 








[Plate lxxxvi. 12.] 








Similar. 


Eagle standing r., with wings closed ; in 
field, date. 


211 


196 


Bill. -95 




L E [ = 101—102 A.D.] 


1 212 


205 


Bill. -95 




L S [ = 102—103 A.i).] 








Thti years 15 oial 16 wcro also vanj jjfoUfic hi billon moneij. Allhomjh the form E 
has disappeared from the ohoerse, it still continues to be used as a numeral 

on the reverse. 








AVT TPAIANC €Br€PMAAKIK 

Head of Trajan r., laur. ; ends of wreath 
curl out behind. 


Bust of Nilus r., wearing lotus-flower ; 
drapery over 1. shoulder ; cornucopiae 
in front ; in field, date. 


213 


202 


Bill. -95 


[Plate lx 
Similar. 


U E [ = 111—112 A.D.] 
XXVI. 13.] 

Similar ; but corimcopiae behind. 


214 


194-5 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


y 5" [=112— 113 A.D.] 

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. XIX. 378.] 

Eagle standing r., with wings closed; in 
field, date. 


215 


189'5 


Bill. 1 


(C€B r€PM) 


L lA [=107—108 A.D.] 


216 


179 


Bill. 1 


Similar. ; 


LI E [=111—112 A.D.] 

Head of Zeus r., laur. ; in field, date. 


217 


195-5 


Bill. -95 




L IE [ = 111—112 A.D.] 








Similar. 


Canopus of Osiris r., wearing head-dress 
of horns, disk, uraei and plumes ; in 
field, date. 


218 


195-5 


Bill. -95 




LI E [ = 111—112 A.D.] 


219 


187 


Bill. -95 




L 1? [ = 112—113 A.D.] 



430 



EGYPT 



No. Weight 



220 198 



221 ! 195 



Metal 
Size 



Bill, -9 



Bill. 1 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Serpent Agathodaimori, with head erect, 
r., wearing skheut ; in field, date. 

LI E [ = 111—112 A.D.] 



Similar tjjie ; but serpent holds winged 
caduceiis and ear of corn iu his coils ; 
in ex., date. 

LIE [=111—112 A.D.] 



222 



223 



224 



225 
226 



179 



195 



150 



204 
209 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 1 



Bill. '95 



Bill. -95 
Bill. 1 



XuiiicfuiiN hilloH coins heloiuj to the last three years of Trajan's reign 
From the Year 18 onwards there is 'usually a star on the Ohv. 



AVTT PAIANAPI C€Br€PMAA 

KIK (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Trajan r., laur. ; in front, star. 



AVTTP AIANAPI C€Br€PMAA 

KIK (from 1., upwards) 

Similar. 



Dikaiosyne, weai'ing chiton and j)eplos, 
standing 1., holding scales in r., and 
cornucopiae and gathered drapery in 1. ; 
to L, date. 

Lie [ = 115—116 A.D.] 



Bust of Sarapis r., draped ; weai's taenia 
and modius ; in field, date. 



LI e [=115—116 A.D.] 



Those cuius of tlie last ttoo years that hear the title TTAP have usually 

a radiate head with acyis. It is in the course of the Year 19 

tltat the title TTA P apjjears first. 



AVTTPAIANAPIC€Br €PMAA 
KIKHAP^^ (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Trajan r., radiate, with aegis 
over 1. shoulder ; in front, star. 

legend obscure. 



Similar. 



(API C€B) 



Bust of Zeus r., draped, wearing tae^uia ; 
in field, date. 



L K [=116—117 A.D.] 

Dikaiosyne standing 1., as on No. 222 ; iu 
field, date. 

Lie [=116—116 A.U.] (tol.) 

L K [=116—117 A.D.] 

iB.M.C, Pl. VII. 365.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



431 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








BR0NZ15 








Tlic Ipgench of the hronxe coins folloii' tlie name, conrse of devdnpnenl as tlwsp. 

of tlie billon jrieces* The. issue of hronze commraced in Trojan's first year. 

Coins of large module are very alnmdant. The Joiner denominations of tlie 

earlier ijeriod are perhaps represented by No. 229 and Nos. 230 f. 

No. 229 may, hoioever, be cf Hadrian, mid No. 231 of Bomitian. 








AVTKAICNEP TPAIANQEBTE 

PM (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 


Tyclie, draped, and wearing high head- 
dress, standing 1., holding rudder and 
cornucopiae ; in field, date. 


227 


353-5 


M 1-4 


Similar, with S 


L A [ = 100—101 A.D.] 

Nilus reclining 1, resting on crocodile r. ; 
he is crowned with lotus, and wears 
himation, which leaves the upper part 
of his body bare ; in 1. a reed, and in 
r. a cornucopiae, whence issues infant 
genius r., pointing towards I5' t; in 
field 1., date. 


228 


328 


M 1-35 




[A [ = 100—101 A.D.] 








[Plate lxxxvi. 14.] 


229 


64 


M -75 


Inscr. illegible. Head of Trajan (?) r., 
laur. 

(No. 229 is 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 


Sphinx, recumbent, r. ; above, date. 
LA [=100—101 A.D.] 
restruck.) 

Elephant r., with trunk raised ; above, 
dat^. 


230 


27 


JE -5 


Similar (?). 


L Z [=103—104 A.D.] 
Ibis r. ; above, date. 


231 


21-5 


M -56 


* An additional variety is AVTKAITF 
some of the pieces struck in the Years 12 and 

t The sixteen cubits of a good Nile at Mp 
Poole, B.M.O., pp. Ixxii. tf. 


|_5- [ = 102—103 A.D.] 
»AIANC€B reP(M)AAKIK, found on 

13. 

mphis. See, for a full discussion of the type, 



432 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



232 



369 



Metal 
Size 



yE 1'4 



233 



399 



.'E 1-4 



Obverse 



Reyerse 



234 I 434-5 



235 

236 



307-5 
294 



JE 1-3 



M 1-33 

M 1-3 



The rir.rl ])eriod produced immense qnnntities of bronze coins, shominq n great 
rarietij of Iicr. ti/peft. There is also some vnriation in flie Ohr. ti/pe, as nil] he 
rlciir from the classification folloired heloir. An epoch of exceptional activitii 
i-ommcnccd in the Year 12, which also sair the first issue of ' Nome-coins ' under 
Trajan-.* Smaller denominations are represented hy No. 247, and hy Nos. 248 ff. 



AV [---] - - rePMAAKIK 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Head o£ Trajan r., laur. ; aegis visible 
in front of and behind neck. 



AVT TPAIAN CGBrePAAKIK 

Similar. 



AVTTPAIANCeB TEPAAAAKIK 

Similar. 



Goddess,t draped and wearing disk and 
horns, de.scending 1. from altar, which 
is approached by steps; she cames in 
r. long reed as sceptre; to 1., a Canopic 
vase (?) resting on stand ; above it is 
the date, and above date is hawk r., 
wearing skhent, and holding fans in its 
talons; beneath altar, oinochoe 1.; in 
background a tree, which is' arched 1. 
above the goddess's head. 

Lir [==109—110 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvi. 15.] 

Nike, holding wreath in r., driving big 
slowly 1. ; above, date. 

LIB [=108—109 A.D.] 



Isis, draped and wearing characteristic 
head-dress, seated r. on throne with 
high back, nursing the infant Har- 
pokrates; on back of throne are 
perched two hawks facing, each wear- 
ing skhent ; r. arm of throne is formed 
by griffin with 1. forepaw raised; in 

' field, date. 



I L IB [ = 108—109 A.-D.] 
[Plate lxxxvi. 16.] 



AVT TPAIANC €Br€PMAAKIK 

Similar. 



(ANC € Br€P) 



Emperor in quadriga of elephants r. 
holdmg laurel -branch and .sceptre; 
above, date. 

LIA [=110—111 A.D.] 

LIE [ = 111—112 A.D.] 



Sir. Ital. di Num.., 1901, pp. 157 ff. connect them with certain commemorations, see 

HatL^rfll'^"" ^"'^'' "'" '^^ ""''' ^ ^^^' °f *»^- --. -^^.-sts that the goddess may be 



ALEXANDRIA 



433 



No. 



Weight 



Mf-tal 
Size 



237 



304-5 



^ 1-3 



Obverse 



Similar. 



[AVT TJPAIANCeB 
IK 

Similar. 



r€PMAAK 



23S 



293-5 



M 1-35 



239 



332 



jE 1-3 



240 



445 



M 1-5 



241 



355 



M 1-35 



AVT TPAIANC €Br€PMAAKIK 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 
Bust of Trajan r., laur,, with paluda- 
mentum about shoulders. 



Reverse 



_ -TPAIANCeB r€PM _ 

Similar; type larger. 



Emperor in quadriga of horses r. , holding 
laurel-branch and sceptre ; above, date. 

LIE [=111—112 A.D.] 



Portico, having two composite columns 
supporting richly decorated pediment, 
within which two flying figures of Nike, 
1. and r., holding round shield ; within 
portico, statue of Zeus standing to 
front, naked, head 1., holding thunder- 
bolt in r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre; 
at his feet, 1. an altar, and r. an 
eagle r., with head turned back ; in 
field, date. 

L ir [109—110 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvi. 21.] 



Nilus, naked to waist, reclining 1. on 
crocodile ; he holds reed in r. and 
cornucopiae in 1. ; above, date. 

LIE [=111— 112 A.D.] 



Demeter, draped and wearing modius 
and veil, standing r., leaning with r. 
on long toi'oh, and holding ears of 
corn in lowered 1. ; opposite her stands 
Euthenia 1., draped and crowned with 
corn, holding ears of corn in Eaised r. 
and sceptre in 1. ; in the background, 
between the two goddesses, tall column 
with capital, surmounted by modius, 
containing ears of corn ; in field, date. 

L I E [ = 111—112 A.D.] 



[Plate lxxxvi. 17.] 



AVTT PAIANC€B TGPMAAKIK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Trajan r., laur., turned slightly 
towards front, so as to show bare chest ; 
over 1. shoulder, paludamentum. 



Zeus, naked to waist, holding sceptre in 
r., reclining 1. on eagle, which stands 
r., looking back, with outspread wings ; 
to r., date. 



LIZ [=113—114 A.D.] 

\_B.3I.C., Pl. I. 397.] 



3 K 



434 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



242 



312 



243 



362 



244 



264-5 



245 



33.:; 



246 



26a 



247- 



99 



248 



68 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-4 



M 1-5 



^ 1-35 



M 1-3 



JE 1-35 



M -55 



JE -75 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Zeus, naked to waist, seated I. on throne, 
with back ; holds sceptre in r. and 
thunderbolt in I. ; at his feet eagle 1., 
looking back ; in field, date. 

LI Z [=113—114 A.D.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, re- 
clining 1. on couch, and holding rudder 
in r. : above, date. 



Similar. 



Similar, with aegis. 



SJZ [113—114 A.D.] 



Emperor, laur., and wearing chlamys, 
standing 1., holding patera in r., and 
leaning with 1. on long sceptre ; behind, 
Alexandria, wearing chiton, peplos and 
.head-dress of elephant's skin, stretching 
out r. to crown him, and holding sceptre 
in 1. ; in field, date. 



I U 5" [ = 112—113 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvi. 18.] 



Car drawn by two winged serpents, each 
wearing skhent ; on car, modius con- 
taining corn in ear ; above, date. 

LIZ [=113—114 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXX. 554.] 

Similar to No. 240 ; but no column. 
y Z [ = 113—114 A.D.] 



AVT TPAIANC €Br 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



AVT TPAIANCCB TEPMAAKIK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



Uraeus r., wearing head-dress of Isis, and 
holding in its coils sistrum and stalk 
of corn ; in field, above, date. 

LI A [ = 110-111 A.D.] 



Herakles, standing to front, holding club 
and hon's skin ; in field, date. 

L I A [=107—108 A.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



435 



No. 



24,9 
250 



251 



■2^9, 



253 



251 



255 



Weight 



80-: 



44 



62-5 



56 



282 



368 



3815 



Metal 
Size 



^ -75 



M '75 



JE -75 



.E -7 



M 1 



M 1-4 



^ 1-4 



Obvebsk 



Ebverse 



AVT TPAIANC €Br€PMAAKIK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan r., laur. 



Similar to No. 248. 



AVT TPAIANCCB r€PMAAKIK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Trajan 1., laur. 



Homonoia, wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing 1., holding ears of corn iu 
r., and in 1. double oornucopiae and 
gathered drapery ; in field, date. 

LI 5" [=112—113 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvi. 19.] 
LIS" [ = 112—113 A.D.] 



Eagle standing r., with open wings ; in 
ex., date. 



LI [ = 106—107 A.D.] 



Hawk r., wearing skhent ; in field, date. 



LI A [ = 107—108 A.D.] 



During the third period the smaller denominations of bronze were coined 
sparsely, if nt all* 



AVTT PAIANAPICe Br6PMA 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 

Bust of Trajan r., laur.; body turned 
slightly towards front, showing paluda- 
mentum fastened across chest ; ends 
of wreath straight. 



AVTTP AIANAPI C€Br€PMAA 

KIK (from 1., upwards) 

ISust of Trajan r., laur. ; aegis visible 
in front and behind. 



AVTTPAIANAPiCe BTePMAAK 

IK (from 1, upwards) 

Similar type. 



Emperor seated 1. on curule chair ; 
holds Nike r. on extended r. and sceptre 
in 1. ; before him trophy, beside which 
a captive kneels r. in supplication ; 
above, date. 

LIH [=114—115 A.D.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, re- 
clining 1. on couch, holding rudder in 
r. ; above, date. 

Lie [ = 115—116 A.D.] 



Nilas, naked to waist and crowned with 
lotus, standing to 1., holding reed in r. 
and cornucopiae in 1. ; behind him, 
Euthenia, wearing chiton and peplos, 
and having on head uraeus and wreath 
of corn, stretching out r. to crown him, 
and holding ears of corn and gathered 
drapery in 1. ; in field, date. 

L I H [=114—115 A.U.] 



* The only examples I have noted are coins o£ Year 18 without the title API, and therefore 
belonging to the preceding period; e.g., Dattari, Oatalogo, pp. 54 ff., Nos. 847, 912, 1043, 120O. 

3 K 3 



436 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



256 



296 



JE 1-4 



257 



216 



^ 1-3 



258 



.^ 1-3 



259 



213 



M 1-1 



260 



198-5 



Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



During the last period the smaller denominations are again very rare, 
if they exist at all.* 

AVTTPA IANAPIC6 BTEPMAA 
KIKTTAP 

Similar. 



Zeus, reclining' 1. on back of eagle, as on 
No. 241 ; thunderbolt in r., sceptre in 
1. ; to r., date. 



Similar. 



Lie [ = 115—110 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvi. 20.] 



Tyohe reclining 1., as on No. 254, holding 
rudder in r. ; above, date. 



AVTTPAIANAPIC€B r€PMAAK 
IKHAP 

Similar. 



AVTTPAIANAPICCBre PMAAK 
IKTTAP (from beneath, towai-d.s 1.) 
Bust of Trajan r., laur., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentuni ; body slightly turned 
away, showing back. -^ 



Lie [=115—116 A.D.] 



Nilus, naked to vs'aist and crowned with 
lotus, reclining 1., holding reed in r. 
and cornucopiae in 1. ; 1. arm rests on 
hippopotamus r. ; in ex., date. 

Lie [=115—116 A.D.] 

[D.M.C., Pl. XX. 474.] 

Nilus, standing 1., being crowned by 
Euthenia, as on No. 255 ; in field, 
date. 



L I e [ = 115—116 A.D.] 



HADRIAN 



Billon 



The hillon coins of Hadrian, Hie those of Us predecessors, group themselves 

naturally hy the variations in the type and legend of the obverse. There seem 

to he no coins of his first year.]- During the Years 2 and 3 there are 

tioo varieties, both represented here. Sjiecimens of both occur 

with and 'without the star. 



AVTKAICTPAIANOC AAPIAN 

OCC6B (from beneath, towards 1.) 
Head of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder ; in front, 
star. 



Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing taenia 
and modius ; in field, date. 



L B [=117—118 A.D.] 



* I have noted only Dattari, Catalojo, p. 78, No. 1188, which is not really an example as 
the crucial part of the legend is not legible. ' 

t It lasted only 18 days, as he became Emperor on August 11, 117 ad ^^^^i ^^i 
Alexandrian year ended on August 29. B.M.O., p. 105, No. 911,°appear3 to me to read 'l A. ^ 



ALEXANDRIA 



437 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 


261 

1 


196-5 


Bill. -95 


AVT KAICTPAIA NOCAAPIAN 

OCCeB (from 1., upwards) 

Busb of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludaraentum. 

Similar to No. 260 ; but no star. 


Dikaiosyne, standing 1., holding scales 
and coriiucopiae ; in field 1., date. 

LB [=117—118 A.D.] 
Similar. 


262 


195 


Bill. -95 




Lr [=118—119 A.D.] 








In the coarse of tlie Year 3 (lie form of the legend changed. In the Yeiir 4 








a crescent began to he placed in front, and is found almost invariabli) until 








the Year 8, in the course of which it disappeared* 


263 


179 


Bill. -9 


AVTKAITPAI AAPIAC6B 

(from betieath, towards 1.) 
Head of Hadrian r., laur., with paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder ; in front, 
crescent upwards. 

Similar. 


Athena, wearing crested helmet and 
chiton, standing ]., holding in r. Nike 
r., and leaning with 1. on shield; in 
front, date. 

|_H [ = 123—124 A.D.] 

Dikaiosyne, standing 1., holding scales 
and coriiucopiae ; in field 1., above, 
date. 


■ 2G4 


190 


Bill. -95 




|_E [=120—121 A.D.] 


265 

i 
1 


200 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


\S [=121—122 A.D.] ' 

Bust of Sarapis r., as on No. 260 ; in 
field; date. 


266 


215 


Bill. 1 


Similar. 


L H [ = 123—124 A.D.] 

Bust of Isis r., draped, and wearing 
diadem and characteristic head-dress ; 
in field, date. 


267 


196 


Bill. -9 




L H [ = 123—124 A.D.] 








[Plate lxxxvi. 22.] 








* On those coins of the Year 8 which lack the orescent, the Emperor wears the aegis, not 








the paludamentum merely. 





438 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weikht 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Isis Pharia, running r. ; she wears chiton 
and peplos, which flies out behind, and 
holds with both hands and with 1. foot 
an inflated sail; to 1., date. 


268 


201-5 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


|_H [ = 123— 124 A.D.] 

Serpent Agatliodaimon. with head erect 
r., wearing sklient, and holding caduceus 
and stalk of corn in his coils ; in ex., 
date. 


269 


176-5 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


LE [ = 120—121 A.D.] 
Hippopotamus r. ; above, date. 


270 


199-5 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


[S [ = 121—122 A.D.] 

Emperor standing in quadriga advancing 
r. ; he holds laurel-branch and sceptre ; 
above, date. 


271 


201-5 


Bill. -95 




L€ [=120—121 A.D.] 








/// the Yciir 9 a chmijo toolc jAaco in flie arrangement of the Ohv. legend. The 
Ujpp too LBiis modified, cuirass and pnludamenium being both displayed. The sti/le 
iiiiprorci, irhiic the module of the coins is sliglitlij iiicvcaned, with a corirqiandiitg 
diminution in their tliichiess. On a few coins of the Ye<ir 9 the symbol is \ 
emploijed ; * but as a ride the uameral is lorittea as a word. 


272 


185 


Bill. -95 


AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum ; back 
shown. 

Similar. 


Eljjis standing 1., holding flower in r., and 
skii'ts of chiton in 1.; around, from ]. 
upwards, date. 

ET ENAT [ = 124—125 a.d.] 

Sarapis, draped and wearing modius, 
standing 1,, holding patera in r., and 
leaning with 1. on sceptre; at his feet, 
Kerberos 1. ; around, from 1. upwards, 
date. 


273 


222 


Bill. 1 




ET ENAT [ = 124—125 a.d.] 








[Plate lxxxvi. 23.] 








* Dattari, Catcdncio, pp. 83 


ff., Nos. 1263, 1272, &c. 



ALEXANDRIA 



439 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obveuse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Bust of Roma r., -wearing crested helmet, 
cuirass and chlamys ; around, from 1. 
upwards, date. 


27-i 


201-5 


Bill. -95 


The fashuin of writing the numerals 


ET ENAT [=124—125 a.u.] 
in leords i^ersisted for several years, 








although the sign L «o«s reintroduced at once. 








Similar. 


Head of Zeus Amrnon r., horned, -wearing 
disk ; drapery over 1. shoulder ; around, 
from 1. upwards, date. 


275 


196 


Bill. 1 


Similar. 


LENA EKATOV [ = 126—127 a.d.] 

Demett-r, -wearing chiton, raodius, and 
peplos as veil, standing r., leaning -with 
r. on long torch, and holding ears of 
corn and poppies in lowered 1. ; around, 
from 1. upvt'ards, date. 


276 


182-5 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


LENAE KATOV [ = 126—127 a.d.] 
[Of. B.M.G., Pl. II. 576.] 

Bust of Selene r., ^yith crescent on head ; 
around, from 1. upvs-ards, date. 


277 


161 


Bill. 1 


Similar. 


LAE KATOV [ = 125—126 a.d.] 

Dikaiosyne, standing 1., holding scales 
and cornucopiae ; around, from 1. 
upwards, date. 


278 


201-5 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


LAEK A TOV [ = 125—126 a.d.] 

Eirene, standing 1., -wearing chiton and 
peplos ; ears of corn and poppies in r., 
and caduceus in 1. ; around, from 1. 
np-wards, date. 


279 


201 


BUI. -95 


Similar. 


LE NA EKATOV [=126— 127 a.d.] 

Elpis standing 1., as on No. 272 ; 
around, from 1. up-wards, date. 


280 


196-5 


Bill. -95 




LENA E KATOV [=126— 127 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 1.] 



uo 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Wktai, 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



281 



282 



283 



284 

285 



287 



Similfi 



204-5 



Bill. 1 



Similar. 



204 



Bill. -95 



Similar. 



208 



Bill. 1 



207 
202 



197 



207 



Bill. -95 
Bill 1 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Tjche, wearing chiton, peplos, and modius, 
standing L, holding rudder and comn- 
copiae ; around, from 1. upwards, date. 

L A E KATOV [ = 125— 126 A.D.] 



Bust of Nike r., draped, laur., and pinged; 
around, from 1. upwards, date. 

L-A EKATOV [ = 125—126 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 2.] 

Sarapis, wearing chiton and himation, 
seated 1. on throne with high back ; he 
holds patera in extended r., and leans 
with 1. on sceptre ; at his feet, Kerberos 
1. ; around, from 1. upwards, date. 

LAOJAe KATOV [ = 127—128 a.d.] 



Canopus r., on stand ; elaborately de- 
corated, and wearing head-dress of 
ram's horns, uraei, disk, and plumes ; 
around, from 1. upwards, date. 

LAE KATOV [ = 125—126 a.d.] 

LAE KATOY [' = 12,3—126 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 3.] 

God Ptah, wearing chiton, himation, and 
disk, standing to front, head r. ; leans 
with r. on long sceptre, and holds tongs 
and gathered drapery in 1. ; around, 
from 1. upwards, date. 

LAWA6 KATOV [=127— 12y a.d.] 
IB.M.a, Pl. XXIII. 636.] 

Mummiform figure * r. ; feet and body 
covered with diagonal pattern, to re- 
present swathing bands ; wears round 
helmet, with disk in front, and clasps 
with both hands long staff which is 
planted on ground in front of him, and 
from crosspiece of which hangs down 
a fillet ; around, from 1, upwards, date. 

LAGJAe KATOV [ = 127— 128 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 4.] 



* Dr. Wallis Budge considers that this is the standing form of Canopus. 



ALEXANDRIA 



4-11 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Bust of Alexandria r., draped, wearing 
elephant's skin on head ; around, from 
1. upwards, date. 


2S8 


■204: 


Bill. 1 


Similar. 


L AE KATOV [ = 125-126 a.d.] 
[B.M.O., Pl. XXIV. 654.] 

Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect 
r., -wearing skhent, and holding caduceus 
in coils; opposite, uraens 1., wearing 
disk and horng, and holding sistrum in 
coils ; around, from 1. upwards, date. 


289 


199-5 


Bill. -9 




L-A EK ATOV [ = 125—126 a.d.] 
[B.M.C., Pl. XXVI. 668.] 








Ill the course of the ticclfth (Alexandrian) year of his reign, prolahly in 
April 128 A.D.,* Hadrian received the title ' I'aler Fatriae.' 








Similar. 


Two r. hands, clasped ; around, TTATH 
P TTATPIAOC; above, L; beneath, 
numeral. 


290 


195-5 


Bill. 1 




IB [=127—128 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 5 ] 


291 


19G 


Bill. 1 


Similar. 


ir [ = 128—129 A.D.] 

CABIN AC€BACTH 

(in front, downwards) 
Bust of Sabina r., draped, wearing 
stephane ; hair rolled in plaits round 
top of head ; behind, upwards, date. 


292 


206 


Bill. 1 




Lir [ = 128—129 A.D.J 

[Plate lxxxvii. 6.] 








Bij the heginning of the Year 14 the fashion of writing the numeral in words 

had fallen into disvse.f Hadrian's journeijings hrovglit him to Alexandria 

in 130 A.D. To this visit the types of Nos. 296 f. refer. 








Similar. 


Bust of Helios r., draped and radiate; 
in field, date. 


293 


202-5 


Bill. 1 


* Diirr, Reisen des Kaisers liadr., pp. 30 f. 
t It was employed on bronze pieces of tb 
change of fashion was originally due simply to 


L lA [ = 129—130 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvti. 7.] 

e Year 13; see infra, No. 312. Possibly the 
lack of space on co.us like Nos. 290 f. 



3 L 



442 



EGYPT 



No. 



294 



29.': 



296 

297 



298 



299 



VVeight 



196 



20G-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -96 



Bill. -9 



198-:, I Bill. -95 
195-5 ! Bill. -95 



191 



205 



Bill. -9 



Bill. 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. Sarapis seated 1., as on No. 283, with 

Kerberos at his feet ; in field, date. 

LI S [=131—132 A.D.] 



Similar. Similar; but, on back of throne, two 

small figures of Nike. 

LI S [ = 131—132 A.D.] 



Simil 



Emperor standing 1., laur. and wearing 
toga ; receives oars of corn from 
Alexandria, who stands r., wearing 
elephant's skin on head, ■ short chiton, 
peplos, and kotliornoi, and holdiuo- 
vexillum in 1. ; in field, date. 

L IE [=130—131 A. P.] 

L IE [ = 130—131 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 8.] 



In the course of the Year 16* o verij slight modification of the Ohv. legend 

was i)Uroduced. 



AVTKAIC TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar. 



CABGINA C6BACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Sabiua r., draped and wearing 
stephane, over which hair is drawn ; in 
front, date. 



IZ 



[ = 132—133 A.D.] 



Nilus, crowned with lotus, and naked 
to waist, reclining 1. on crocodile r. ; 
holds reed and cornucopiae ; in field 1.' 
date. ' 



IZ 



[=132—133 A.D.] 



* See infra, No9. 349 f. It may be well to draw attention again to the fact that changes 
usually cake place m the middle of an (Alexandrian) year. See supra, p. 411, footnote 



ALEXANDRIA 



443 



No. 



Weight 



300 I 211-5 



301 \ 201- 



302 



303 
304 



305 



306 



199-5 



211-5 
198 



210 



195 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9;: 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



In the course of the Year 17 tlie Ohr. Icijeiid was still further modified, the 

ty})e being at the same time rlmiKjcd renj slightly, to make room 

for the additional letters. 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC 

C€B (from beneath, towards 1.) 

Similar type ; less of bust shown. 



Sarapis seated 1., as on No. 283. with 
Kerberos at his feet ; in field, date. 



Similar. 



LI H [==133—134 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 9.] 



Nilus reclining 1., as on No. 299 ; in 
field 1., date. 



IZ 



[ = 132—133 A.D.] 



In the course of the Ye:ir 19 the cnntom was introduced of placing the head, 

not the hiist, of the Emperor on. the Ohv. At first he loohs I., a corresponding 

change being made in the reading of the legend. Desire to avoid, the use 

of © led to the iinmend 19 being written as a word. 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC 

C€B (from r., downwards) 

Head of Hadrian 1., laur. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing 
taenia and modius ; around, from 1. 
upwards, date. 

L€N N€AKA [=134—135 a.d.] 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XIII. 609.] 

Bust of Nilus r. , crowned with lotus ; 
cornucopiae at r. shoulder, drapery 
over 1. ; around, from 1. upwards, date. 

L€N N€AKA [=134—135 a.d.] 

L€ NN€AKA [=134—135 a.d.] 



The custom of writing the ninneral as a word was abandoned as soon 
as the Year 19 jJcisseJ. 

I Nilus, naked to waist and crowned with 
I lotus, seated 1. on rocks, holding reed 
and cornucopiae ; beside him, on rocks, 
crocodile r. ; in field 1., date. 

[L]K [=135—136 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 10.] 



AYTKAICTPAIAAPIANOCC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar ; but no rocks visible. 
[_K [ = 135—136 A.D.] 



3 L 2 



444 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



307 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveesk 



201 



Bill. 1 



308 214 ' Bill. 1 



303 



yE 1-4 



310 I 36(i 



jE 1-3 



During the last ijears the Emperor's h-^ad is usually turned towards the r* 



AVTKAICTPAIA AAPIANOCC 

€B (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum shov/n slightly, in front of 
neck. 



Simila 



Demeter standing 1., wearing corn-wreath, 
cMton, and long veil ; she holds poppies 
and ear.s of corn in r. and long toi'ch in 
1. ; in field, date. 



K 



A [=136—137 A.D.] 



Pronoia, wearing wreath, chiton, and 
peplos, standing 1., holding in extended 
r. Phoenix 1. radiate, and in 1. long 
sceptre transversely and gathered 
drapery ; around, from 1. upwards, 
TT P O NOIA; to 1., date. 

^^ [=137—138 A.D.] 



[Plate lxxxvii. 11.] 



BuoxzK 



As a general ride, the hronze coins display the same variations of Ohv. type and 

legend, and the same changes in the way of expressing the vmiiend's, th<(t are found 

on the hill on pieces. At first the issues of hronze were comparaiii-cli/ scanty. 



AVT ANOC AAPIANOCC 

€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., with 
paludamentum over 1. shoulder. 



Emperor in quadriga of elephants r. ; he 
holds laurel-branch, and sceptre sur- 
mounted by eagle; in ex., date. 



LB [=117—118 A.D.] 



In the 



group that foUoii-s five distinct denominations are represented. On the three hiuhat 
of these (Kos. 310-316, 317 f., 319-322) the numeral is written as a word as on 
the contemporary billon coins. The supply minted in the Years 11 and' 12 
was specially large. It is to the former of these years that the 
' nome coins ' of Hadrian mainly helong.f 



AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; back 
shown. 

(TP illegible) 



Sarapis, draped and wearing modius, 
seated 1. on throne with back, holding 
patera in r., and leaning with 1. on 
sceptre ; at his feet, Kerberos 1. ; around, 
from 1. upwrards, date. 

LENAEK ATOV [ = 126-127 a.d.] 



I have, however, seen specimens both of LKA and of LKB with the head I. 



t See supra, p. 432, footnote. On the nome coins th' 
doubtless tln'oujjh lack of space. 



numerals are not written as words, 



ALEXANDEIA 



445 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similai-. 


Nilus, naked to waist and crowned with 










lotus, reclining 1. upon crocodile, holding 
oornuoopiae in r. and reed in 1. ; above, 
\5 ;* in ex., date. 


311 


363 


^E 1-4 


(type varied ; back not shown) 


LAWA€K [ = 127—128 a.d.] 








[PjATE LXXXVIl. 12.] 


;!12 


426 


.E 1-4 


Similar. 


LTPICKAI [ = 128—129 a.d.] 

Similar ; but reed in r., cornucopiae in 1. ; 
no 15- 


313 


341 


.E 1-4 


Similar. 


LAWA€K [=127—128 a.d.] 

Similar to Nos. 311 f. ; but no crocodile; 
Niliis rests 1. elbow on hippopotamus r. 


314 


353-4 


.E 1-4 




LA(OA€K [=127-128 a.d.] 


315 


351-5 


M 1-4 


Similar. 


as preceding. 

[B.M.C, Pl. XX. 786.] 

Emperor in quadriga of elephants r., as 
on No. 309 ; around, from above, 
towards r., date. 


316 


428-5 


M 1-3 


AVTKAI TPAIAAPIACeB 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bast of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cairass and paludamentum, as on 


LENAE KATOV [ = 126—127 a.d.] 

Euthenia, wearing uraeus, chiton, and 
peplos, reclining 1, holding poppies and 
ears of corn in r. ; her 1. arm rests on 
sphinx r. ; in ex., date. 


317 


205-5 


JE 1-1 


No. 311. 


LAa)A€K [=127—128 a.d.] 


318 


179-5 


M 1-15 


AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 


LTPICKAI [=128-129 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 13.] 

Demeter standing 1., wearing corn- wreath, 
chiton, and veil ; holds poppies and 
ears of corn in r., and leans with 1. on 
long torch ; around, from 1. upwards, 
date. 


319 


128 


2E -95 


* See supra, 


L AWA€K [=127— 128 A.D. ] 
p. 431, footnote. 



446 



EGYPT 



No. 



320 



321 



322 



323 



324 



325 



Weight 



133 



139 



145-5 



125 



78 



Metal 
Size 



JE -95 



M -95 



M -95 



M -95 



jE 



69 



.*] -75 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. Ball Apis, wearing disk and (round neck) 

cord with tassels, standing r. ; in front, 
thymiaterion ; above, date. 

I LENAEKATO V [=126—127 a.d,] 
[Pj.ate lxxxvii. 14.] 

Similar. Bull butting r. ; above and around 

towards r., date. ~ . ~ 

LENAEKA To V [=126—127 a.d.] 



Similar. Uraeus 1., crowned witli horns and disk, 

holding in his coils ear of corn and 
sistrum ; around, from 1. upwards, 
date. 

LENAE KATOV [ = 126—127 a.d.] 



Similar. Caduceus, the upper part of which is 

formed of two snakes facing, each 
wearing skhent; on either side, two 
ears of corn ; around, from 1. upwards, 
date. 

LA EK AT OV [ = 125-126 A.D.] 
[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXX. 890.] 



On the two lowest denominations [Ndn. 324 — 329 and Xns. 330 f.) tlie numernh 
are represented by aymhols. Lucli of space is certainly the cause.* 



AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 



Similar. 



* On coins of fcheso denominations 
for the Year ]0 {e.g., No. 327 infra). 



Demeter standing r., wearing chiton, 
peplos, veil, and modius ; leans with r. 
on long torch, and holds ears of corn 
and poppies in 1. ; in field, date. 

L lA [ = 126—127 A.D.] 



Hawk 1., wearing disk and liorus ; in 
field, date. 

L lA [ = 126—127 A.D.] 



belonging to the Year 9, |_EN ia used, and LAE 



ALEXANDRIA 



447 



No. 


Weight 


Mktal 

SiZK 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Panther r., looking back ; above, date. 


326 


71 


.E -8 


Similar. 


LIA [=126—127 A.D.] 

IB.M.C, Vl. XXVI. 834.] 

Sphinx, reclining r. ; in ex., date. 


327 


86-0 


M -8 


Similar. 


L AE [=125—126 a.d.] 
Stag r. ; in field, date. 


328 


79-5 


M -75 


Similar. 


L lA [=126—127 A.D.] 

Two cornuacopiae ; between them, date. 


329 


72 


M -75 


Head of Hadrian r., laur. 


LIA [ = 126—127 A.D.] 

Pan, goat-footed, walking 1., extending 
r. hand, and holding pedum in 1.; in 
field, date. 


330 


37 


JE -6 


Similar. 


LI A [=126—127 A.D.] 
Stag r. ; in field, date. 


331 


37-5 


iE -55 




L lA [=126—127 A.D.] 








Nos. 332 — 346 correspond to the billon issues represented hi/ Nos. 293—297. 

AUxsions to the imperial visit occur on Nos. 335 f. and Nos. 343 f. 

Fice denominations are again included here. 








AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bast of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum, as on No. 
293. 


Zeus, laur., and naked to waist, reclining 
1. on back of eagle, which stands to 
front, with wings open, on thunderbolt; 
he holds patera in r., sceptre in 1. ; in 
field, date. 


332 


376-5 


M 1-35 


Similar. 


L lA [=129—130 A.D.] 

Tyche, draped and wearing modins, 
reclining 1. on couch, holding rudder 
in r. ; above, date. 


333 


■355 


M 1-4 




LIS [=131—132 A.D.] 

[B.M.G., Pl. XI. 728.] 



448 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Nilus, crowned with lotus, and naked to 
waist, seated 1. on rocks, holding reed 
in r. and cornucopiae in 1. ; on rocks, 
crocodile r. ; in field 1., date. 


334 


442 


M 1-35 


Similar. 


|_ IS" [=131—132 A.D.] 

Emperor, laur. and wearing toga, standing 
1., holding sceptre in 1., and extending 
r. to be kissed by Alexandria, who 
stands r., wearing chiton, peplos, and 
head-dress of elephant's skin ; in field, 
date. 


335 


357 


M 1-4 




L IE [=130—131 A.D.] 


336 


368 


^ 1-4 




L IE [=130—131 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 15.] 


337 


233 


/E 1'2 


AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Haclrian r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum, as on 
No. 293. 

Similar. 


Dikaiosyne, wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing 1., holding scales and cornu- 
copiae ; in field, date. 

L lA [=129—130 A.D.] 

Isis Pharia, wearing characteristic head- 
dress, chiton, and peplos, advancing r., 
holding inflated sail with both hands 
and with 1. foot; in r., sistrum ; in 
field 1., date. 


338 


180 


M 1-1 




LIA [ = 129—130 A.D.] 


339 


126 


JB 1 


AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum, as on No. 
293. 

Similar. , 


Dikaiosyne, standing 1., as on No. 337 ; 
in field, date. 

LI A [=129—130 A.D.] 

Isis, wearing chiton, peplos, and character- 
istic head-dress, seated r. on throne 
with back ; on her knee, Harpocrates 
1., wearing skhent, and holding lotus- 
bud in 1. ; in field, date. 


340 


135 


JE 1 




L \S [ = 131—132 A.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



449 



No. 



341 



342 



Weight 



140 



120-5 



343 



344 



345 



346 



134 



126 



86 



31-5 



347 387 

VOL. 111. 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



JE I 



^ -95 



JE 1 



M -95 



M -75 



iE -5 



M 1-4 



Similar. 



Simila 



Simila 



AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum. over 1. shoulder. 



Bust of Hadrian r., laur. ; paludamentuni 
over 1. shoulder. 



Reverse 



Similar ; but on back of throne, two 
hawks r. and ]., each wearing skhent ; 
in front, palm ; behind, bunch of grapes 
on stalk. 



no date visible. 



Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect 
r., wearing skhent ; holds caduceus and 
ear of corn in coils ; in field, date. 

L I A [=129—130 A.D.] 



Emperor, seated 1. in barge which is 
being rowed 1. over waves ; he grasps 
sceptre in 1., and extends his r. in 
salatation ; on prow, standard ; on 
poop, steersman seated ; iu field, date. 

LI E [ = 130—131 A.D.] 

[B.M.G. Pl. xxvii. 871.] 

LIE [=130—131 A.D.] 



Dolphin twined round trident ; in field, 
date. 



L lA [=129—130 A.D.] 



Head-dress of Isis, with ears of corn 
beneath the horns ; in field, date. 



L I A [=129—130 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 16.] 

Nos. 347 ff. exliibit the slight modifi.cation which <ippeared on Nos. 298 f . 



AVTKAIC TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum, as on No. 
298. 



Nilus seated 1. on rocks, with crocodile 
beside him, as on No. 334; in field 1., 
date. 



'l^ [=131—132 A.D.] 



3 M 



450 



EGYPT 



Xo. 



Weight 



Metal i 
Size I 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



348 



362-6 



JE 1-3 



349 



69-5 



.'E -75 



AVTKAIC TPAIAAPIAC€B 

(froni 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 



Emperor, laur., and holding laurel-branch 
and sceptre, standing in quadriga 
moving slowly r. ; above, date. 

LIS [ = 131— 132-A.D.] 

[B.M.G., Pl. XXVII. 866.] 



GrifBn seated 1., with r. forepaw planted 
on wheel ; in field, date. 



LI 5 [=131—132 A.D.] 



350 



366 



M l-S.: 



TJie following very extensive group of hronze coins corresponds to the billon pieces 

catalogued above as Nos. 300 f. Three denominations are represented 

here {Nos. 350—365, Nos. 366-369, and Nos. 370—376). 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC ' Triptolemos, standing in car drawn r. by 
C€B (from beneath, towards 1.) | two winged serpents, each wearing 

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing skhent ; he wears chlamys, and head- 

cuirass and paludamentum, as on Nos. dress of elephant's skin, and scatters 

300 i- seed with r. from bag supported on 1. 

arm ; above, date. 

LIZ [=132—133 A.D.] 



Similar. 



351 



366 



.^ 1-35 



352 



317 



JE 1-3 



Similar. 



Athena, standing 1., wearing long chiton, 
with apoptygma, crested helmet, and 
aegis ; she holds ears of corn in r., and 
leans with 1. on spear, against which 
shield rests ; in field, date. 

LI 2 [=132—133 A.D.] 



Dioskouroi, standing to front, side by 
side, -with heads turned towards each 
other; each wears cuirass, chlamys, 
and kothornoi, and leans with outer 
hand on spear, while grasping sword 
with inner hand; above each head, 
star; between the heads, crescent 
upwards; iu field, date. 

L IH [=133—134 A.D.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. v. 708.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



451 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obvee 








Similar. 




353 


341 


M 1-3 






354 


394-5 


M 1-35 


Similar. 




355 


431 


jE 1-4 


Similar. 




356 


405 


M 1-35 


Similar. 




357 


374 


M 1-3 


Similar. 




358 


387 


M 1-35 







Reveese 



Bast of Sarapis r., wearing modius and 
taenia ; beneath, eagle fstanding to 
front, head 1., with outstretched wings ; 
to r., a palm ; in field, above, date. 

L \Z [ = 132—133 A.D.] 

as preceding. 

[B.M.G., P.L. XIV. 743.] 

Isis Pharia r., wearing chiton, peplos, and 
characteristic head-dress ; she holds 
with both hands the upper part of an 
inflated sail, on the lower end of which 
her 1. foot is planted; in r., grasps 
sistrum ; in front. Pharos represented 
as square tower, with entrance 1, ; on 
the lantern, statue facing, holding 
situla and sceptre, while two Tritons 
lean 1. and r. over edge of tower, 
blowing each a bucciuum ; in field, 
date. 

L I Z [ = 132—133 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 17.] 



Similar ; but Pharos round ; no sistrum ; 
date, in field above. 

LIH [=133—134 A.D.] 



Nilus, naked to waist and crowned with 
lotus, reclining 1. upon crocodile r. ; 
holds reed and cornucopiae ; in field 
1., date. 

[_ IH [ = 133—134 A.D.] 

IB.M.C, Pl. XX. 794.] 

Demeter, wearing chiton, peplos, veil and 
modius, standing r., holding ears of 
corn in lowered 1., and leaning with r. 
on long torch ; facing her, Euthenia, 
wearing corn-wreath, cb.iton, peplos, 
and veil, standing 1., holding ears of 
corn in raised r. and long sceptre in 1. ; 
in field, date. 

L IH [ = 133—134 A.D.] 

[JS.ilf.C, Pl. XXII. 806.] 

3 M 2 



452 



EGYPT 



No. 



359 



360 



361 



362 



Weight 



448 



Metal 
Sjze 



M 1-4 



Obverse 



Similar. 



385 



363 



343 



350 



JE 1-4 



Similar 



Similar. 



M 1-4 



JE 1-35 



398 M 1-3 ■ 



.364 411-5 



M 1-3 



Sim.ilar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Beveese 



Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect r., 
wearing sklient, and holding caduceus 
in coils ; facing him, uraeus, with head 
erect 1., wearing horns, disk and plumes, 
and holding sistram and poppy in coils ; 
in field, date. 

L I H [ = 133—134 A.D.] 

[Plate lsxxvii. 18.] 

Sphinx, wearing modius, seated 1., with 
wings curled and r. forepaw planted on 
wheel ; in field, date. 

LI H [ = 133—134 A.D.] 



Monster r., with body of lion and hunaan 
head ; wears head-dress of horns, uraei, 
disk, and plumes; over shoulders, a wig- 
like arrangement, from which projects 
crocodile's head, in front of chest ; 
beneath forepaws, farther one of which 
is extended, a serpent ; on back, small 
griffin r., with farther forepaw on wheel ; 
in field, date. 

L IH [ = 133—134 A.D.] 



Similar ; but type I. and griffin 1. 

L IH [=133—134 A.D.] 

[B.M.a, Pl. XXVI. 853.] 

Emperor standing in quadriga of elephants 
r., holding laurel-branch and sceptre ; 
above, date. 



LIZ [=132—133 A.D.] 



Portico, formed of two columns with 
capitals, supporting pediment which con- 
tains shield ; within portico, Sarapis, 
draped and wearing modius, standing 
r., extending r. hand, and holding scep- 
tre in 1. ; facing Sarapis stands the 
Emperor 1., laur., laying his r. on the 

top of small shrine, inscribed ,^ ; 
in ex., date. NON 

LIZ [ = 132—133 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXIX. 876.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



453 



No. 



365 



366 



367 

368 



369 



370 



371 



Weight 



363 



20S 



202 
212 



249-5 



132 



129 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-3 



M 1-05 



M 11 
M 1-15 



M 1-15 



M 1 



M -95 



Obverse 



Similar. 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC 

€B (from 1., i]p wards) 

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paladamentum. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Similar. 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC 

gg (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Egyptian shrine, consisting of two banded 
shafts with papyrus-head capitals, sup- 
porting arched pediment, in which 
disk with uraei ; within, two Canopi 
face to face on stands, one v., wearing 
atef crowm, the other 1., wearing crown 
of horns, uraei, disk and plumes; in 
field, date. 

L I H [=133—134 A.D.] 

[Cf. B.M.G., Pl. xxviii. 877.] 

Nike, seated 1. on pile of armour, holding 
wreath in r. and palm in 1. ; in field, 
date. 

LI Z [=132—133 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 19.] 

Isis, wearing chiton, peplos, and head- 
dress of uraeus, seated 1. on throne 
with back ; she holds sistrum in r. and 
short sceptre in 1.; in field, date. 

L! H [=133—134 A.D.] 
JH [ = 133—134 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 20.] 

Pharos, represented as round tower, with 
entrance 1. ; on the lantern stands 
statue holding situla and sceptre, while 
two Tritons, each blowing bucoinum, 
lean 1. and r. over edge of tower ; in 
field, date. 

L I Z [=132—133 A.D.] 

Harpocrates standing 1., wearing skhent ; 
he raises his r. to his lips, and holds 
cornucopiae in 1. ; in field, date. 

LI Z [=132—133 A.D.] 

Bust of Harpocrates r., draped and wear- 
ing skhenf, his r. hand raised to his 
lips ; behind, cornucopiae ; in field, 
date. 



L IH [=133—134 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 21.] 
(No. 371 is pierced.) 



454 



EGYPT 



No. 



372 



Weight 



149 



373 



374 



376 



132-5 



130 



138 



376 131-5 



377 



339 



Metal 
Size 



JE 1 



JE -9 



JE -9 



JE -9 



M 1 



M 1 



378 



388 



M 1-3 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Eevebse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Canopus r., ornamented witli figures, and 
wearing ci'own of horns, uraei, disk, 
and plumes ; in field, date. 

L IZ [=132—133 A.D.] 



Bull Apis, standing r. ; on flank, crescent; 
in front, thymiaterion ; above, date. 

LIH [=133—134 A.D.] 



Similar ; wears disk ; no crescent. 
l'^ [=132—133 A.D.] 



Similar ; no tliymiaterion. 



(No. 375 is pierced.) 



Serpent Agatliodaimon, with head erect 
r., wearing sklient ; in field, date. 

L IZ [=132—133 A.D.] 



No. 376 shows that the change in the Obv., described above under Nos. 302 ff., 
loas introduced as early as the Year 18. 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC 

€B (from r., downwards) 

Head of Hadrian 1., laur., as on Nos. 
302 fi. 



Isis Pharia r., wearing chiton, peplos, 
and characteristic bead-dress, holding 
with both hands the upper ends of an 
inflated sail, on the lower part of which 
her 1. foot is planted ; r. grasps 
sistrum ; in field, date. 

LI H [=133—134 A.D.] 



During the ^ Yeccr 19, hoioerer, and even later {e.g., No. 380) the older side of obverse 

dies continued to be largely employed for bronze. During the Year 19 the numeral 

IS written as a loord, precisely as on the billon coinage. 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOCC 

€B (from 1., npwards) 

Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum, as on Nos. 
300 f. 



Zeus, laur., and naked to waist, reclining 
1. on back of eagle, which stands to 
front, head 1., with wings outspread ; 
he holds patera and sceptre; around,' 
from 1. upwards, date. 

L €NNeA KA [134—135 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



455 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Athena, standing 1., holding ears of corn, 
and leaning upon spear, precisely as on 
No. 351 ; around, from 1. upwards, 
date. 


379 


374 


.E 1-3 


Similar. 


L6N N €AKA [=134—135 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 22.] 

Elpis, wearing chiton and peplos, standing 
1.; holding flower in raised r., and 
skirts of garment in 1. j in field, date. 


380 


403-5 


M 1-35 


Similar. 


L KA [=136—137 a.d.] 

Harpokrates of Herakleopolis Magna 
standing 1,, veiled, wearing chiton and 
himation, and having uraeus on head ; 
he raises r. hand to his lips, and holds 
club in 1. ; in front, Egyptian altar ; 
around, from 1. upwards, date. 


381 


386 


jE 1-4 


Similar. 


L€N N€AKA [134—135 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 23.] 

Eathenia, draped, and wearing corn- 
wreath, reclining L, holding ears of 
corn in r. ; 1. arm rests on sphinx r. ; 
around, from 1. upwards, date. 


382 


342 


M 1-35 


Similar. 


LGNNGAKA [=134—135 a.d.] 

Sphinx, seated r., wearing modius, and 
having farther forepaw resting upon 
wheel ; around, from 1. upwards, date. 


383 


335 


M 1-4 


AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Hadrian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 


L€ N N€ [ ] [=134-135 A.D.] 

Pharos, represented as square tower with 
entrance 1. and a row of projections 
running up the centre of each side ; on 
lantern, statue 1., holding situla and 
sceptre, while two Tritons, each blowing 
buccinum, lean 1. and r. over edge of 
tower ; around, from 1. upwards, date. 


384 


199 


M 1-2 




L€NN €AKA [ = 134-135 a.d.] 



456 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weisht 



Metal 
Size 



385 



132 



386 



130-5 



^ -96 



^ -95 



387 



362 



388 



408-5 



389 



396 



M 1-3 



iE 1-3 



J& 1-35 



390 



409 



M 1-3 



Obverse 



Reverse 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Hadrian r., ]aur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Eagle standing r., vs'itli -wings closed and 
Lead turned back ; around, from I. 
upwards, date. 

L€NN €AKA [ = 134—135 a.d.] 



Serpent AgatLodaimon with head erect 1., 
wearing skhent, holding caduceus in 
coils ; around, from. 1. upwards, date. 

N€A [=134—135 a.d.] 



The three following have the obverse irliich is normal on the billon coinage from the 

Tears 19 to 21, and which had been introduced on the bronze . 

in the Year 18 {see No. 377). 



AVTKAICTPAIAN AAPIANOC 

C€B (from r., downwards) 

Head of Hadrian 1., laur. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Demeter standing r., wearing corn- wreath 
and long chiton with apoptygma, holding 
ears of corn in 1. and lung torch 
in field, date. 



m r. 



K A 

L 



[=136—137 A.D.] 



Elpis standing 1., holding flower in r. 
and skirts of chiton in 1. ; around, 
from 1. upwards, date. 

L€N N€AKA [=134—135 a.d.] 

[-B.lf.C, Pl. vm. 714.] 

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, 
reclining 1. upon couch, holding rudder 
in r. ; above, date. 

L KA [=136—137 a.d.] 



The following correspond to the billon coins described above as Nos. 307 f. 



AVTKAICTPA - _ AAPIANOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Hadrian r., laur. 



Modius, resting on top of Ionic column, 
and containing three ears of corn and 
two poppy-heads, placed alternately ; on 
either side of column, serpent with head 
erect towards modius, that on 1. wearing 
skhent, that on r. having poppy-head 
as crown ; in field, date. 

LK A [=136—137 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 24.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



457 



No, 


Weight 


METAI; 

Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








AVTKAICTPAI AAPIANOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Hadrian r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over shoulder. 


Bust of Harpocrates of Pelusium r., 
vfearing hem-hem crown ; bimation 
over 1. shoulder ; in front, pome- 
granate; in field, date. 


391 


82 


JE -75 


Similar. 


1^ B [=137—138 A.D.] 

IB.M.C, Pl. xvii. 764.] 

Modius, Containing three ears of corn and 
two poppy-heads, placed alternately ; 
on either side, torch ; in ex., date. 


392 


95-5 


M -75 




LKA [=136—137 a.d.] 


393 


69 


M -8 




LKA [=136-137 a.d.] 


394 


77-0 


M -7 




LKA [ = 136-137 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXX. 905.] 








SABINA 








Sabina's coins are dated according to tJ 


e years of Hadrian. They were strticJc 








in the same years in which Sabina 


appears on Hadrian's own coins* 








Billon 








CABINA C6BACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bast of Sabina r., draped and wearing 
double stepbane ; bair plaited. 


CAB€INA CeBACTH 

(from ]., upwards) 
Sabina, wearing chiton and peplos, 
seated 1. as-Demeter, holding ears of 
corn in r. and sceptre in 1. ; above, 
date. 


395 


189-5 


Bill. -9 




LI E [=130—131 A.D.] 

[Of. B.M.G., Pl. ii. 917.] 








Bronzk 


396 


199-5 


m, 1-16 


CABINA CeBACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Sabina r., draped, wearing 
Stephana ; hair rolled and turned up 
over top of head. 

* See Dattari, Catalogo, p. 


Nike 1., holding wreath and palm; in 
field 1., date. 

L ''^ [=131—132 A.D.] 

82, compared with pp. 129 f. 

3 N 



VOL. III. 



458 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



397 



199-5 



398 



368 



399 



371 



400 



120 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -95 



M 1-3 



M 1-3 



Ai 1 



Obverse 



Eevicrse 



AELIUS CAESAR 



The coins of Aelitis Caesar all belong to Ms second consulsJiip. They have all 
the type which is usually found on his Boman coinage. 



Billon 



AAIAIOC KAICAP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Aelius Caesar r., bare. 



Homonoia, wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing 1., holding in 1. cornucopiae 
and gathered drapery, and in r. patera 
over altar ; around, from 1. upwards, 
AHM6ZO B 



[=137 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 26.] 



Bronze 



AAIAIOC KAICAP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Aelius Caesar r., bare-headed, 
wearing paladamentam. 



Homonoia, clad as above, seated 1. on 
throne with back, holding patera in 
r,, and gathered drapery in 1. ; beside 
throne, cornucopiae; in ex., OMO 
NOIA; around, AHM6IOY 
YnAT- B 

[=136—138 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. X. 923.] 



ANTINOUS 



Bronze 



ANTINOOV HPWOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Antinous r., draped and 
wearing hem-hem crown. 



Antinous as Hermes riding r. on hor 
back; he holds caduceus in 
chlamys flies behind him; 
date. 



•se- 
r., while 
in field, 



Similar. 



I e [=134-135 A.D.] 

(No. 399 is pierced.) 

[Plate lxxxvii. 25,] 



Similar. 

no date visible. 



ALEXANDRIA 



459 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



401 



•201 



Bill. -99 



402 



203 



Bill. -9 



403 



173 



Bill. -9 



404 



209 



Bill. -9 



405 



202-5 



Bill. 1 



406 



200 



Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ANTONINUS PIUS 

Billon 

Under Antoninus Pius a marleed deterioration in style is noticeable. There is also 

much more variation in regard to the obverse type. There being no obvious system 

of grouping, such as was adopted under the preceding emperors, the coins of this 

reign are arranged chronologically. During the first two or three years the 

Emperor always appears hare-headed. 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTGJNINO 
C€ VC€CB {sic, from 1., upwards) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., bare; 

paludamentum over r. shoulder. 



Similar ; last part of inscr. oft' coin. 



Similar; only ANTGJNINOC visible. 



Similar, witli AVTK - 
ANTWNINOC€VC€B 



AYT [ ] ANTWNINOC 

(from front of neck, downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., bare. 



Bust of Sarapis r. , laur. and wearing 
modius ; around, from. 1. upwards, 
€TOVC 

in front, B [=138—139 A.D.] 



Canopus r., ornamented with figures, and 
wearing head-dress of horns, uraei, disk, 
and plumes ; aroand, from 1. upwards, 
GTO YC 

in front, B [=138—139 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne, wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing 1., holding scales in r., and 
oornucopiae and gathered drapery in 1. 

in field, •- B [ = 138—139 A.D.] 



Phoenix standing r., with radiate nimbus ; 
around, from 1. upwards, A I OJN 

infield, L B [ = 138—139 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxvii. 27.] 

Dikaiosyne seated 1., holding scales in r., 
and cornucopiae and gathered drapery 
inl. 

around, LTPI T OV [=139— 140 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvu. 28.] 



_ - AAP 



AV KTAIAAAP ANTWNINOC 

(from front of neck, downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., bare-headed, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Eirene, wearing chiton and peplos, stand- 
ing 1., holding ears of corn in r., and 
caduceus and gathered drapery in 1. 

around, L TP ITOV[ = 139-140 a.d.] 

3 N 2 



460 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



407 



209-5 



408 



209 



409 



206 



410 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 1 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



197 Bill. -9 



411 



207 



412 



211 



413 



Bill. 1 



Bill. -95 



187-5 Bill. -95 



Obveese 



Eeverse 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTGJNINOC 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius 1., bare. . 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTWMINOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



A VT KTAIAAAP ANTGJNINOC 

(from front of chest, downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTWNINOC€ 
V C€B • (from beneath, towards 1.) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTCONINOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



Similar. 



around,L-TPI TOY [=139-140a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne, seated 1. as on No. 406, 
holding scales and cornucopiae. 

in front, |_A [ = 140— 141 A.D.] 



Similar. 



in front, [_A [ = 140—141 A.D.] 



Bust of Demeter r., draped, and wearing 
veil and modius ; over r. shoulder, 
lighted torch. 

in front, [_A [ = 140 — 141 A.D.] 

IB.M.C., Pl. II. 934.] 

Bust of Sarapis 1., draped and wearing 
wreath and modius. 

infield, L € [ = 141—142 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxvii. 29.] 



Henceforward a change is noticeable in the Ohv. inscr. The coins, too tend on 
whole, to become thicker and to decrease in module. 



ANTGJNINOC C€B€YC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludauientum. 



Similar. 



Poseidon, naked, standing r., 1. foot on 
prow ; he leans with r. on trident, and 
holds dolphin in extended 1. 

behind, ^ [=141—142 a.d.] 

[B.M.G., Pl. II. 930.] 

Artemis Huntress, wearing short chiton 
and endromides, running r., holding 
bow in extended 1., and with r. plucking 
arrow from quiver. 

behind, ^ [=141—142 a.d.] 

IB.M.C, Pl. III. 93S.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



461 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obvfrse 


Revrese 


414 


194 


Bill. -9 


ANTOONINOC C€BeVC€B- 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 

Similar. 


Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing taenia 
and modius. 

infield, L 5 [ = 142—143 A.D.] 

M AVPHAIC KAICAP 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of young M. Aurelius r., bare- 
headed, wearing paludamentum. 


415 


192 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


beneath, L; in front, Z [=143— 144 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxvik. 1.] 

Athena Stathmia, wearing chiton, peplos 
and aegis, and having ornament of disk 
and plumes on front of helmet, standing 
1., holding scales in r. and cornucopiae 
and gathered drapery in 1. ; behind her, 
shield. 


416 


229 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


infield, L Z [ = 143—144 a.d.] 
[B.M.C, Pl. IV. 943.] 

Sarapis, draped and wearing modius, 
seated 1. on throne with back, holding 
patera in r., and leaning with 1. on 
sceptre; at his feet, Kerberos 1. 


417 


211 


Bill. -86 


Similar. 


in field, L Z [=143—144 a.d.] 

Similar, with two small figures of Nike 
on back of throne. 


418 


187 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


in front, L^ [ = 143— 144 A.D.] 

Eagle, standing to front on thunderbolt, 
head 1. and wings open. 


419 


180-5 


Bill. -9 




above, L Z [=143 — 144 a.d.] 


420 


187 


Bill. -96 


ANTWNINO C C6B€YC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 


Bust of Sarapis r., as on No. 414. 
infield, L H [=144—145 A.D.] 



462 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



421 



422 



423 



424 



426 



196 



206-5 



199 



220 



199-5 



426 



173-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 



427 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -86 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



199-5 Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



As has been ike case in previous reigns, the Year 9 inaugurates a series in 
which the numerals are written at length. 



ANTWNeiN OCC6 BCYCeB 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pins r., laur. 



Asklepios, -wreatbed and naked to waist, 
standing 1., holding- with. r. patera over 
altar, and with 1. gathered drapery and 
serpent staff. 



around, LGNA TOV [=145— 146 A.D.] 

1 
[Plate lxxxviii. 2.] 



Similar, with ANTWN€INo C€B 
€VC€B 



Similar ; inscr. continuous. 



Similar, with ANTGONIN 
C€B 



ANTa)N€IN OC C€B€VC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wear- 
ing paludamentum. 



Similar, with ANTWNINOC C€B€ 
VC€B, and cuirass. 



Similar, with ANTWNINO C C€B€ 
VC€B 



Bust of Sarapis r., as on No. 414. 
around, LGNA TOV [=145— 146 A.D.] 

Eagle, as on No. 419. 

around, L€N ATOV [ = 145— 146 A.D.] 



fioma, draped and wearing crested helmet, 
seated 1. on cuirass, leaning with 1. on 
spear, and holding in extended r. small 
Nike r. 

around, LGNAG KATOV [ = 147— 

148 A.D.] 



Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding scales in r., and 
cornncopiae and gathered drapery in 1. 

around, L €NA € KATOV [ = 147 

— 148 A.D.] 



Bust of Zeus Ammon r., with ram's horn; 
wears disk. 

around, LAWA€ KATOV [=148— 

149 A.D.] 



Dikaiosyne, seated 1. as on No. 425; in 
ex., L 

around, A WA€ KATO V [ = 148 

—149 A.D.] '- 



ALEXANDRIA 



463 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








In the course of the Tear 13 there is a return to the ordinary 








system of indicating numerals. 


428 


201 

1 

i 


Bill. -85 


ANTWNINOC C€ BeVC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur. ; 
paludamentum over 1. shoulder. 


Sarapis, seated 1. as on No. 417, with 
Kerberos at his feet. 

infield, U T [ = 149—160 A.D.] 


1 429 


198 


Bill. -85 


Similar, with ANTWNIN OC C€B 
€VC€B 

Similar, with ANTWNINOC C€ B€ 
VC€B 


Dikaiosyne, seated 1. as on No. 425. 
infield, L ' ^ [=150—151 a.d.] 

Alexandria, wearing head-dress of ele- 
phant's skin, short "chiton, peplos, and 
kothornoi, standing 1., holding ears of 
corn in r., and vexillum in 1. 


430 

i 

i 
1 

1 


208 


Bill. -85 


Same die. 


infield, li A [ = 150—151 A.D.] 
[B.M.C., Pl. XXIV. 998.] 

Eagle standing r., looking back; wings 
closed, and wreath in beak. 


i 

431 


190 


Bill. -8 




infield, L lA [=150-151 a.d.] 


432 

! 


199 


Bill. '9 


Similar, with ANTWNINOCC € B 
€VC€B 

Similar, with ANTGJNINO CC€B€ 
VC€B 


Nike advancing 1., holding wreath and 
palm. 

I€ 

in front, L [ = 161—152 A.D.] 

Tyche of Alexandria standing to front, 
head r., wearing chiton, peplos, and 
tnrreted head-dress ; she holds rudder 
in r., and on extended 1. small figure of 
Isis Pharia, holding situla and sceptre. 


433 


208 


Bill. -85 




I€ 

infield, L [ = 151—152 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XXIV. 1000.] 


434 


208 


Bill. -85 


ANTWNIN 0CCeB€VC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius 1., laur. 


Asklepios standing 1. as on No. 421, 
holding patera and serpent-staff. 

infield, li € [=151—152 a.d.] 



464 



EGYPT 



No. 



43c 



436 



437 



438 



439 



440 



441 



442 



Weight 



169-5 



188 



211 



214 



193 



201 



179-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -8 



1945 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -85 



Bill. 1 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



ANTWNINO C C6B€VC€B 

(from r., do winvards) 
Head of Antoniniis Pius r., laur. ; 
paludamentum over 1. shoulder. 



ANTWNIN O C€B€VC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



ANTWNINOC C €B€VC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



ANTUNIN OC €B€VC€B 

(sic, from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 
paludamentum over 1. shoulder. 



Similar, with ANTUNINOC €B A 
€VCeBH 



Similar, with ANTUNINOC € BA€ 
VC€BH 



ANTWNINOC C€B€VCB 

{sic, from 1., upwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius 1., laur. 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with scales and 
cornucopiae. 

in field, l' € [ = 161-152 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne seated ]., with scales and 
cornucopiae, as on No. 425. 



infield, l' H [=154— 155 A.D.] 



Bust of Sarapis r., as on No. 414. 



field, L ' [=155—156 a.d.] 



Athena Arohegetis of Sais, wearing crested 
helmet and long chiton with apoptygma, 
standing r., leaning with r. on spear, and 
holding owl on extended 1. ; against 
spear rests shield. 

infield, L K [ = 156—157 a.d.] 



Asklepios standing 1., as on No. 421, 
holding patera and serpent-staff. 

infield, L*^ A [=157— 158 a.d.] 



Sarapis, standing 1., wearing chiton, 
himation and modius ; he holds patera 
in r., and leans with 1. on sceptre ; at 
his feet, Kerberos I. 

infield, L*^ A [ = 157— 158 A.D.] 



Bust of Alexandria r., draped, wearing 
head-dress of elephant's skin. 

infield, L KA [=157—158 a.d.] 



Nike 1. on globe, holding wreath and 
palm. 

in field 1., LKA [=157—158 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



465 




443 



444 



445 



446 



447 



Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reversk 


179 


Bill. -9 


ANTUNINOC C6B€VC€B 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur. ; 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 


Busts, draped, jugate r., of Helios, radiate, 
and of Selene, wearing crescent. 

infield, L D [ = 158—159 A.D.] 






[Plate lxxxvui. 3.] 

1 






Similar. 


Athena, wearing crested helmet, and long 
chiton with apoptygma, standing to 
front, head 1., leaning with r. on spear 
and with 1. on shield. 


J9S-5 


Bill. 1-1 




infield, L ^ [=158—159 A.D.] 


i 




Similar. 


Sarapis, wearing himation, standing to 
front, head r. ; on either side, Dios- 
kouros, with chlamys round shoulders, 
having star on head and holding whip (?) 
transversely. 


177-5 


Bill. -9 




no date legible.* 

[Pla'je lxxxvui. 4.] 


214 


Bill. -9 


ANTUNINOC CeB€ V C € 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., radiate. 


Nike r. on globe, holding wreath and 
palm. 

infield, L Kr [=159—160 a.d.] 






Bkonze 






The bronze coins, loliich are very mimerous, reflect some of the changes that occur on 
the billon; but the correspondence is far less close than it had been under Trajan 
and Hadrian. A notable feature is the appearance of groups of related types in 
particular years, such as the astronomical types of the Year 8, and the types con- 
nected loith HeraMes in the Years 4, 6, 6 and 10. t The arrangement here followed 
is chronological, but each of the five denominations is grouped by itself. The largest 
denomination (Nos. 447 — 492) was by far the commonest. The style is generally 
poor, but there are a few exceptions, such as No. 447. 


355 


M 1-35 


AVT KTAIAAAP ANTCONINO 

C€VC (from L, upwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., bare-beaded, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 


Bust of Zeus Ammon r., horned; on head, 
ram's horns, uraei, and disk. 

in field, L B [=138—139 a.d.] 






[Plate lxxxvui. 5.] 


trnT. TTT 




* The style of the Obr., however, points un 
t For the Herakles types, which are hardlj 
pp. 164—167. 


mistakably to this period. 

T represented here at all, see Dattari, Catalogo, 

3 



466 



EGYPT 




448 



449 



450 



451 



452 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



363 



.•E i-35 



AV . KTAIAAAP ANTWNIN 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r,, bare-headed; 
paludamenttim over 1. shoulder. 



Similar : inscr. obliterated. 



295 M 1-25 



397 



AYT KTAIAAAP ANTWNINO 
CeVC €B (from I., upwards) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



M 1-3 



AYTK TAIAAAP ANTWNINOC 

CeB €YC (from 1,, upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludainentum. 



343 



.E 1-3 



370 



M 1-3 



AVTKTAIAAAP- ANTWNIN.. 
C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



Reverse 



Two Canopi, face to face, on stands ; that 
on 1. is draped and wears atef crown ; 
that on r. is ornamented with figures, 
and wears head-dress of horns, uraei, 
disk, and plumes; between them, lighted 
thymiaterion. 

infield, B f=,]3s_i39 ^.d.] 
m ex., L 

[B.M.G., PL. XVIII. 1133.] 

Euthenia, draped and wearing head-dress 
of ears of corn, reclining 1., holding 
ears of corn in r., and resting with 1. 
elbow upon sphinx r. ; her lap is full 
of fruit ; around, fi'om. 1. upwards, 

€VeHNIA 

infield, B [ = 138--139 A.D.] 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXII. 1162.] 

Herakles naked, kneeling r. with 1. knee 
on back of stag, which he has brought 
to the ground and is grasping by the 
horns r. ; behind, his club. 

around, LT€ TAPTOY [ = 140—141 

A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxviti. G.] 

Paris seated 1. on Mount Ida beneath 
tree, handing the golden apple to 
Aphrodite, who stands to front, head r., 
naked to waist, stretching out her J. 
hand to receive it ; behind her stands 
Hera, draped and veiled, also to front, 
turning her head 1. towards Athena, 
who stands beside her, looking r., clad 
in long chiton and crested helmet, and 
leaning with r. on shield; at foot of 
Mount Ida, Hermes 1., stretching out 
r. hand, and holding caduceus in 1. ; to 
r. of Aphrodite, small Eros standing ]., 
with r. hand outstretched. 

in ex., L€ [ = 141—142 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxviii. 7.] 

Herakles, wrestling 1, with Antaeus, whom 
he has lifted bodily from the ground. 

tor., ^ [ = 141—142 A.D.] 

[Cf. J7.il/. C, Pl. vi. 1054.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



467 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



453 



331-5 M 1-3 



454 



354 



jE 1-3 



455 



289 



456 



833 



457 



372 



458 



293 -5 



M 1-3 



M 1-4 



Obverse 



_ - AAP ANTWNIN 

(from 1., upwai'ds) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



AYTKTAIAAAP eVC 

(from 1., upwards" 
Similar type. 



M |-35 



Similar ; only first half of inscr. legible. 



AYTKTAIAAAP ANTOJNINO 
CC€ B€YC (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



Similar. 



^ 1-35 



Similar ; only first half of insor. legible. 



Reverse 



Tycbe, draped and wearing modius, 
reclining 1. upon couch, holding rudder 
in r. 

above, [L] Z [=143—144 a.d.] 



Egyptian shrine, consisting of two columns 
with papyrus-head capitals supporting 
arched pediment containing disk with 
uraei ; within shrine, Isis, seated r. on 
tlirone with back ; she is draped and 
wears characteristic head-dress, and 
holds on her knee Harpokrates 1., wear- 
ing skhent and holding lotus-bud in 1. 

infield, L Z [ = 143—144 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. xxvm. 1194.] 



Bast of Pantheistic divinity r., bearded, 
with drapery over 1. shoulder ; wears 
modius of Sarapis, with atef crown ; 
has horn of Zeus Ammon, and is radiate 
like Helioa ; over shoulder, trident of 
Poseidon, combined with serpent-staff 
of Asklepios ; in front, cornucopiae of 
Nilus. 

tor., ^ [ = 143—144 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XV. 1102.] 



Tyche reclining 1. on couch, as on 
No. 453. 

above, LH [=144 — 145 a.d.] 



Bull Apis, standing r'. ; in front, altar of 
Egyptian shape ; line of ex. double. 

above, LH [=144—145 a.d.] 

[B.M.G., Pl. XXV. 1175.] 

Shrine, consisting of two columns sup- 
porting pediment containing shield; 
within shrine, Sarapis, draped and 
wearing modius, seated 1., in usual 
attitude, with Kerberos at his feet. 

infield, L H [=144—145 a.d.] 

3 2 



468 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



459 410 



Ah 1-25 1 



4G0 



41(1 



461 



:J74-5 



M 1-3 



J3 1-35 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar; only AN TOON I N legible. 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTGJNINOC 
C€B €VC (from 1., upwards) 

Similar lype. 



462 



4130 



JB. 1-1 



463 



316 



.E 12:. 



Similar shrine ; within, Elpis 1., draped, 
holding flower in r., and with 1. raisiug 
skirts of her robe. 

infield, L H [ = 144—145 a.d.] 



Isis Pharia r., vfearing characteristic head- 
dress, chiton, and flying peplos, hold- 
ing -with both hands upper ends of an 
inflated sail, on lower part of which is 
planted her 1. foot; grasps sistrum in 
r. ; in front, the Pharos, represented as 
a square tower, seen at an angle, with 
entrance 1., approached by steps; up 
centre of each side, a row of dots ; on 
summit of lantern, statue holding 
sitnla and sceptre, while over edge of 
tower lean 1. and r. two Tritons, each 
blowing buBoinum. 

in ex., LH [ = 144—145 a.d.] 



The Year 8 irns remaykahle not only for tlie following astronomical group, hut also 
for the issue of a series of nome-coins* 

AVTKTAIAAAP ANT(jON€INO 1 Three concentric circles, dotted; within 



Ce B€YC 

Similar type. 



(fi'om ]., upwards) 



the outermost, the signs of the Zodiac ; 
within the middle one, busts of the 
eponymous deities of the seven days of 
the week ; within the innermost, bust 
of Sarapis 1., wearing modius. 

within middle circle, above, |H [ = 144 — 

145 A.D.] 



[Plate lxxxviii. 8.] 



Similar; only ANTW legible. 



Similar ; nothing legible. 



Helmeted bust of Ares 1. ; in front, star ; 
beneath, scorpion 1. (Mars, in Scorpio.) 

infield, L H [ = 141—145 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxy. 10.] 

Bust of Aphrodite 1., weaving stephane ; 
in front, star ; beneath, bull butting 1. 
(Venus in Taurus.) 

inex., LH [ = 144— 145 A.D.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. XII. lOSO.] 



* Sor p. 432, supra, footnote, witli reference to Dattari. 



ALEXANDRIA 



469 



No. 



Weight 



46 i 



29S- 



465 



314 



466 



373-5 



4G7 



370 



468 



450-5 



469 



348-6 



Metai, 
Size 



JE 1-3 



JE 1-3 



J5 1-3 



^ 1-3 



^ 1-3 



^ 1-3 



Obverse 



Similar; AYTKTAIAAAP AN 
- - B6YC legible. 



Similar ; AYTKTAIAAAP AN - . - 

legible. 



AYTKTAIAAAP ANTG0N€INO 

CC€ B (from 1., upwards) 

Sim.ilar type. 



AYTKTAIAAAP ANTX2NINOC 
C€ B€Y (frora 1., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Reverse 



Bust of Selene r.. enclosed -within crescent, 
horns upwards ; in front, star ; beneath, 
crab. (Moon in Cancer.) 

date obliterated. 

[B.M.C., Pl. XII. 1082.] 

Bust of Zeus r., laur.; in front, star; 
beneath, centaur galloping r., drawing 
bo-w. (Jupiter in Sagittarius.) 

beneath, LH [ = 144—145 a.d.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. XII. 1087.] 

Bust of Zeus r., laur., -with sceptre over 
r. shoulder ; in front, star ; beneath, 
fishes r. and 1. (Jupiter iti Pisces.) 

in field, L H [ = 144—145 A.B.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. XII. 1090.] 

Bust of Kronos 1., -wearing veil and globe 
on head ; at 1. shoulder, falx ; in front, 
star ; beneath, youth swimming 1., 
wearing chlamys, looking back, and 
holding inverted jar in his hands ; 
beneath, date. (Saturn in Aquarius.) 



beneath, LH [=144—145 a.d.] 

[PlAIE LXXXVIII. 9.] 

As ill earlier reigns, the Year 9 inaugurates a series in lohich the numerals 
are written as words. 



AYTKTAIAAAP ANTCONEINO 
C CGB€YC (fi-om 1., upwards) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



first part of inscr. obscure. 



Similar. 



inscr. obscure. 



Apollo of Miletus, radiate, standing to 
front, naked, holding small stag in r. 
and unstrung bow in 1. ; on either side, 
Nemesis looking towards him, plucking 
-with r. her chiton at neck ; Nemesis on 
r. has cubit-rule in 1. 

in ex., L6NATOY [ = 145—146 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxviii. 11.] 

Ares, fully armed, standing to front, head 
r. ; leans with r. on spear, and -with 1. 
supports shield, which stands on ground 
beside him. 

around,L€NA TOV [ = 145— 146 a.d.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. IV. 1037.] 



470 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


MUTAL 

Size 


Obveese 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Nilus, naked to waist and crowned with 
lotus, seated 1. on rocks ; holds in r. 
cornucopiae, from which emerges small 
genius r., and in 1. a reed ; on rocks, 
crocodile r. 


470 


414 


M 1-3 


(NOCC €B€YC) 

Similar. 


around, to 1., L-€NATOV [=145— 

146 A.D.] 

Zeus, laur., and naked to waist, holding 
patera and sceptre, reclining 1. on back 
and outstretched wings of eagle 1. 


47 L 


326-5 


JE 1-3 


inscr. partly efiaced. 
Similar. 


around, [L] A€KA TOV [ = 146— 

147 A.D.J 

Herakles, naked r., wrestling with 
Nemean lion. 


472 


323 


M 1-3 




around, LA€ KATOV [ = 146— 

147 A.D.] 

[BJI.C, Pl. VI. 1044.] 


473 


309 


tE 1-3 


AYTKTAIAAAP ANT00N6INO 
CC€B€YC (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., 
-wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 

Similar. 


Isis Pharia r., with inflated sail and 
sistrum, as on No. 400 ; no Pharos. 

around, LA€K ATOV [=146— 

147 A.D.] 

Isis seated r. on throne with back, 
suckling Harpokrates, as on No. 454 ; 
no shrine. 


474 


378 


JE 1-35 


AYTKTAIAAAP ANTWNINOC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 


around, L-A€K A TOV [=146— 

147 A.D.] 

Dikaiosyne, draped, standing 1., holding 
scales and cornucopiae. 


475 


328-5 


M 1-35 


inscr. obscure. 
Similar. 


around, L €NA€ KATOV [=147- 

148 A.D.] 

Elpis standing 1. in usual attitude. 


476 


334-5 


M 1-3 




around, L€NA€ KATOY [=147— 

148 A.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



471 



No. 



Weight 



4,7" 



478 



479 



4S1 



353 



306 



32S-6 



480 1 380 



380 



482 : 398 



483 



298 



Metal 
Size 



.E 1-35 



iE 1-35 



.E 1-3 



IE 1- 



M ]-3 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Insor. (obscure) from 1., upwards. Similar 
type. 



ANTWN 



JE 1-35 



.E 1-25 



Similar. 



_ _ ANT - - 



Similar. 



TAIAAAP ANT 



AYTKTAIAAAP ANTGONINOC 
C€B €YC (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



Insor. (obscure) from 1., upwards. Bust 
of Antoninas Pius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 

TAIAAAP ANTCJNIN 



Similar. 

AAP AN 



Inscr. (obscure) from 1., upwards. Head 
of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



AAAP ANTCa 



Athena, wearing crested helmet and long 
chiton, with apoptygma, standing 1., 
holding on extended r. Nike r., and 
leaning with 1. on shield. 

around. LAWA € KATOV [ = 148— 

149 A.D.] 

Tyche, draped and wearing modius, stand- 
ing 1., holding rudder and cornucopiae. 

around, . . . A€ KATOV [ = 148— 

149 A.D.] 



Isis Pharia r., with inflated sail and 
sistrum ; in front, Pharos ; all as on 
No. 460. 

L (in ex.) ACaAe KAT (around) 
OV (in ex.) [:=148— 149 A.D.] 



Similar type; only one side of Pharos 
shown. 

in ex., L; around, A(OA€K ATO V 
[ = 148—149 A.D.] 



Shrine containing statue of Sarapis 1., as 
on No. 468 ; shield in pediment sup- 
ported on each side by flying Nike. 

around, .AW A€ KATO V [=148— 

149 A.D.] 



Shrine, containing statue of Isis suckling 
Harpokrates, as on No. 454. 

in ex., L; around, A0OA6 KATOV 
[ = 148—149 A.D.] 

Nilus, naked to waist, and crowned with 
lotus, reclining 1., his 1. arm leaning 
on crocodile r. ; he holds in 1. reed, 
and in r. cornucopiae, from which 
emerges small genius r., holding 
wreath ; above, I S * 

L (in field) T PICK A I (around) 
[ = 149—150 A.D.] 

[B.M.G., Ph. XIX, 1150.] 



* See supra, p. 431, footnote. 



472 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



484 



316-, 



^ 1-3 



485 



377 



M 1-3 



486 



286-, 



M 1-25 



487 



401 



M 1-2,; 



488 



339 



M 1-3 



489 



365 



M 1-3 



Obverse 



Reyjirse 



Inscr. (obscure) from r., downwai'ds. 
Head of Antoninus Pius 1., laur. 

OCC C€B€VC 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTWNINCC 

€B €VC {sic, from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Inscr. (obscure) from r., downwards. 
Bust of Antoninus Pius 1., laur., 
paludamentuni over r. shoulder. 



AVTK eB€VC 



Inscr. (obscure) from 1., upwards. Bust 
of Antoninus Pius r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 

AIAAAP 



Inscr. from r., downwards 
Antoninus Pius 1., laur. 



AVTKTAIAAAP 
€B€VC 



Head of 
- NINOCC 



Inscr. from r,, downwards. Bust of 
Antoninus Pius I., laur., wearing 
paladamentum. 

AVTKTA---T(jJNINO CC6B€V 



Simila 



as preceding. 



Triptolemos, with elephant's skin on head 
and flying chlamys, standing in car 
drawn r. by two winged serpents, each 
wearing skhent ; he scatters seed with 
r. from seed-bag supported on 1. arm. 

above, LIA [ = 150—151 A.D.] 



Altar (of Caesareum ? *) having elabor- 
ately decorated horns, and peristyle ; 
four columns seen in front, with 
garlands hanging between them: be- 
tween central columns stands figure 
of goddess 1., holding patera over 
small altar ; the large altar is lighted. 

in field, Q € [ = 151—152 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxvih. 12.] 



Busts, draped, jugate r., of Sarapis, 
wearing taenia and modius, and of Isis, 
wearing characteristic head-dress. 



in field, 



U Z [ = 153-154 A.D.] 



Sphinx r., wearing modius ; ibs 1. forepaw 
resting upon wheel. 

in field, L ' Z [ = 153—164 a.d.] 



Serpent with head of Sarapis, wearing 
modius, erect r. ; holds ears of corn in 
coils. 

infield, LI Z [ = 153—154 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxvih. 13.] 



Seo B.M.G., p. xoiii, 



ALEXANDRIA 



473 



No, 



Weight 



Mbtal 
Size 



Obveksb 



Eevekse 



490 



491 



469 



M 1-3 



357 



49-2 



313 



493 



494 



186 



175-5 



M 13 



JE 1-2; 



^ 115 



M 1-15 



AVTKTAIAAP ANTWN 

_ _ _ _ (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., laur., with 
paladamentum around shoulders. 



ATKAIAAP ANTGJNINOC C€B 

€V (sic; from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



Similar ; inscr. obscure. 



Tyche of Alexandria (?) standing 1., wear- 
ing chiton and peplos, and holding ears 
of corn iQ r., and oar (?) and gathered 
drapery in 1. ; in front, end of galley 
r., with square sail; behind, end of 
galley 1. ; at feet of Tyche are seated, 
to 1., female figure r., naked to waist, 
looking back, and to r., Nilus 1., naked 
to waist and crowned with lotus, 
holding rudder in r. 

above, LI [H]* [=154—155 a.d.] 

[Cf. B.3I.G., Pl. XXIV. 1173.] 



Eagle standing to front, head r., with 
wings open and wreath in beak. 



LJ H [=154—155 A.D.] 



Perseus, wearing Phrygian cap and 
chlamys, standing r., holding harpa 
over r. shoulder, and with 1. hand 
assisting Andromeda to descend 1. from 
rocks. 

in field, ^ A [=160—161 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxviii. 14.] 



JSfos. 493 — 496 all belong to one denomination. The radiate head is frequent on this 
denomination in the Years 2, 4 and 5. The denomination of No. 497 is doubtful. 



AVTKTAIAAAP ANTCONINOC 

C€B (from ]., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., radiiite, 
wearing cuirass and paladamentum. 

inscr. obscure. 



Similar. 



Demeter standing 1., wearing long chiton, 
and having peplos as veil; she holds 
ears of corn in extended r., and supports 
with 1. a long torch. 

in field, L A [ = 140—141 A.D.] 



Isis Pharia r., with inflated sail and 
sistram, as on No. 473. 



behind. 



[ = 140—141 A.D.] 



* All the other examples I have noted belong to this year. 



3 p 



VOL. in. 



47J. 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



496 



497 



498 



499 



501 



220 



loS 



128 



104 



500 :' 149 



123 



MiSTAL 

Size 



495 , 146-5 ' M 1-1 



M 1-15 



M 1 



yE -Sc 



JE -9.: 



JE -9 



.E -95 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



AYTKTAIAAAP ANTCUNINOC 
C€ B€YC (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 



Similar. 



inscr. partly illegible. 



AYTKTAIAAAP ANTWNINOC 
€Y C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Antoninus Pius r., bare-headed, 
wearing cairass and paludamentum. 



Pharos, represented as on No. 460 ; only 
one side shown, which has double row 
of projections. 

in field, L H [=:144— 145 A.D.] 



Dikaiosyne seated 1. on throne with back, 
holding scales and cornucopiae. 

around, L AEKA TOV [=146— 

147 A.D.] 



Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing taenia 
and modius. 



in field, L B [ = 138—139 A.D.] 



Nos. 498 — 504, in spite of the varying loeigJit, appear to belong to the same 

denomination. Coins of the Year 1 are very rare, as it only began 

on July 10, 138 A.D. 



Inscr. obliterated. Head of Antoninus 
Pius r., bare. 



Similar. 



- - lAAAP ANTWNIN €B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



AY ANTWNINOCeYC €8 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pias r., laur. 



Harpokrates as naked child, seated 1. on 
lotus-flower, holding r. hand to lips, 
and carrying lotus-bud in 1.* 

around, to 1., €TOYCA [=138 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxviii. 15.] 



Tyche, draped, standing 1., holding rudder 
and cornacopiae. 

in field l.,|_B [ = 138— 139 A.D.] 



Eagle standirg ]., looking back; wings 
closed. 

infield, L B [=138—139 a.d.] 



Bust of Nilus 1., wearing lotus-flowers; 
over r. shoulder, drapery ; beside 1. 
shoulder, cornucopiae. 



infield, L € [ = 141—142 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxviii. 16.] 

* Cf. Plutarch, Be Pijth. Orac, xii., Alyvwriovs iaipaKiis apxho haToMji iraiSiop V(oyi/hv 



ALEXANDRIA 



475 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 


502 


98-5 


jE -95 


AVTKTAIAAAP ANTWNINOC 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pias r., laur. 

Similar. 


Bust of Zeus Ammon r., wearing disk 
and ram's horn. 

LAWA€ KATOV [=148— 149 a.d.] 

Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect 
r., -wearing skhent. 


503 


118 


M -95 




infield, L lA [=150—161 a.d.] 








(No. 503 is pierced.) 








Similar. 


Similar. 


504 


115 


M -95 


last part of inscr. obscure. 


in field, L l€ [=151—162 a.d.] 


- 






Nos. 505 — 507 represent a denomination about half the value 








of the preceding. 


505 


64 


M -65 


AV TKAIAAAP ANTWNINOC 

(from in front of neck, downwards) 
Head of Antoninus Pius r., laur. 

Inscr. obscure. Similar type. 


Uraens, with head erect r., crowned with 
disk and horns. 

infield, L H [=144—145 a.d.] 
Hawk r., wearing skhent. 


506 


53 


M -7 


lAAAP ANTCa 


around, L€N ATOY [ = 145— 146 a.d.] 


! 

^ 507 

1 


57-5 


^ -75 


C€B€VC 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Antoninus Pius (?) r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 


Panther walking r., with head turned 
back and tail in air. 

L**^^ [=160—161 A.D.] 


i 






[Plate lxxxviti. 17.] 








No. 508, which is uninscribed, represents the smallest [and rarest) 








denomination. 








Head of Antoninus Pins r., bare. 


Serpent Agathodaimon, with head erect 
r., wearing skhent. 


508 


42-5 


M -6 


* The date may, '. 


L A [=138 A.D.] * 
lowever, be L A- 



3 p 2 



476 



EGYPT 



No. 



509 



-.10 



311 



.512 



.13 



Weight 



194-5 



321 



31 1;- 



70 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bill. -9 



M 1-3 



JE 1-4 



vE -75 



M 



MARCUS AURELIUS 

The foUow'mg are dated according to the years of Antoninus Fias, Marcus 
Aurelius being only ' Caesar.' 



Billon 



KAICAP- M- AVPHAIC 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of M. Aurelius r., bare, with 
slight beard. 



Demeter (?), wearing chiton, peplos, and 
veil, seated 1. on throne with back, 
holding in r. patera over altar, and in 
1. sceptre and gathered drapery. 



L (in ex.) AWA€ KATOV (around) 
[ = 148—149 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxviii. 18.] 



Bbonze 
Two denominations of bronze are here represented [Nos. 510 f. and Nos. 512 f.). 



KAICAPM AV PHAIC 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r., bare-headed, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum ; 
slightly bearded. 



M AVPHAIOCKA ICAP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Athena, wearing crested helmet and long 
chiton, standing 1., holding on out- 
slretched r. Nike r., and leaning with 
1. on spear. 

infield, LI A [ = 1.50—151 a.d.] 



Nilus, reclining 1., naked to waist, and 
crowned with lotus ; he holds reed in 
r., and in 1. cornucopiae ; beneath, 
crocodile and water-plants ; in front, 
Nilometer, represented as stele placed 
on base with steps, and having a small 
genius standing in front of it. 



above, LI Z [ = 153—154 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxviu. 19.] 



i KAICAP [MJAVPHAIC 

! (from r., downwards) 

Head of M. Aurelius r., bare, with 
beard. 



Similar ; inscr. obscure. 



Uraeus, with head erect r., wearing disk 
and horns. 



infield, L IB [ = 148—149 a.d.] 

Sphinx recumbent r. 

above, LIS [ = 152 — 153 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



477 



No. 



)1-1 



515 



516 



517 



518 



519 



520 



Weight 



224 



177 



142 



144 



138 



271 



119-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -85 



JE 1-05 



M -9 



Obverse 



Revekse 



The ddtes on fhe foUowing are those of M. Aurelius himself. In style and fabric 
A'^o. 517 closely resembles the coins of Commodus (q.v.). 



B:llon 



MAVPHAIOC ANTUNINOCC€ 

(from 1., iipwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentuni. 



Similai', with paludamentum only. 



Similar ; but tjpe 1., and inscr. from r. 
downwards. 



[ ]AIOC ANTUNINOCC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of M. Aurelius r., laur. 



_ - ANTUNINOCC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur. ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 



Bust of Nilas r., crowned with lotus ; 
behind, reed ,; in front, cornucopiae. 

in field, above, L B [=161— 1G2 a.d.] 



Bust of Zeus r., laur. 

A 
in front, L [ = 163—164 a.d.] 



Two r. hands clasped; above, OMO 
NOIA 

beneath, L € [ = 164—165 a.d.] 
[B.M.a, Pl. XXX. 1279.] 

Bust of Helios r., radiate; drapery over 
1. shoulder. 

infield, L H [=1G7— 168 a.d.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, re- 
clining 1. on couch ; she holds rudder 
in r., and supports head with 1. ; couch 
decked with garlands. 

above, LI [ = 169—170 a.d.] 



B&OW/.E 



MAVPH ANTUN 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r., radiate ; paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 



M AVPHAIOC ANTUNINOCC 

g (from beneath, towards 1.) 

Bust of M. Aurelius r., laur., paluda- 
mentum over 1. shoulder. 



Sarapis, naked to waist and wearing 
modius, standing 1., leaning with 1. on 
sceptre, and holding patera in r. ; in 
front, Kerberos 1. 

infield, L A [ = 163-164 a.d.] 



Lion advancing 1. 



above, LS [ = 165—166 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxviii. 20.] 



478 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


EaVERSE 


521 


135-5 


M -95 


ANTUNINOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of M. Aurelius r., laiir. 


Uraeus erect r., wearing horns and disk, 
infield, LS(r) 


522 


151-5 


M -9 


MAVPHAIOC AN 

(from ]., upwards) 
Similar type. 


Griffin seated 1., with r. forepaw on 
wheel . 

infield, L IS" [ = 175—176 a.d.] 








FAUSTINA JUMOR 








The earlier coins of Faustina Junior are dated according to the years of her father, 
Antoninus Pins. Three denominations of bronze are represented here. 








Billon 








<I>AVCTIN AC€BACTH 

(from r., downwai'ds) 
Bust of Faustina Junior r., draped. 


Bast of Sarapis r., draped, wearing taenia 
and modius. 
■ 


623 


207 


Bill. -9 


Similar, with <|)AVCTINA C€BAC 
TH 


infield, ' Z [ = 153--154 a.d.] 

Bust of Zeus r., laur. 
1 


524 


218 


Bill. -9 




infield, L [=.155—156 ad.] 








Bbonze 


525 


357 


JE 1-3 


C€BevrA 

(from r., downwards) 
Similar type. 

Similar, with <|>A GVT 


Egyptian shrine, containing statue of Isis 
suckling Harpokrates, as on No. 454. 

around, [LAWA€] KATOV [ = M8 

—149 A.D.] 

««» 

Triptolemos in car drawn by winged 
serpents r., scattering seed, as on No. 
485. 


626 


292 


jS, 1-2 


Similar, with <|>AVCTI - 

€VC€B evr 


above, LIA [ = 150—151 a.d.] 

Griffin seated r., -with 1. forepaw on 
wheel. 


527 


412 


M 1-3 




to 1., =J-.] A [=150—151 .^.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



479 



No. 



528 



529 



530 



531 



532 



533 



Weight 



343 



116 



68 



225 



144 



129 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-3 



M -95 



M -7 



M 1-2 



M 1 



M -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



<I>AVCT€INA C6BACTH 

(from 1., upwards) 



<I>AVCTINA C€BCTH 

(sic, from r., downwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar, with <|>AVCTINA C€BAC 
TH 



Altar (of Caesareum ?), as on No. 486 ; 
but small altar within, obscure ; whole 
resting on basis of three stages. 

LJ € [ = 151—152 A.D.]* 



Elpis, draped, standing 1., holding flower 
in r., and with 1. raising skirt of 
garment. 

around, LAOJA 6KATOV [ = 148— 

149 A.D.] 



GriflBn seated r., with 1. forepaw on wheel. 
inex.,-L; infield, | ® [ = 155— 156 a.d.] 



The following coins, each of ivhich represents a different denomination, are 
dated according to the years of M. Aarelius. 



Bronze 



<|>AYCTINA C€BACTH 

(from r., downwards) 
Bust of Faustina Junior r., draped. 



Sarapis, naked to waist and wearing 
modius, seated 1. on low stool ; he 
holds Texilliim in 1., and stretches out 
his r. above a small basin, into which 
water runs from a fountain, with lion's 
head, above. 



Similar. 



infield, L € [ = 164-165 .a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 1.] 



Euthenia, reclining 1., holding in out- 
stretched r. ears of corn, and in 1. 
poppy-head and gathered drapery ; her 
1. arm rests on sphinx recumbent r. 

in front, [ [ = 162—163 a.d.] 



Similar ; but inscr. from 1., upwards. 



Uraeus erect 1., wearing head-dress of 
horns, disk, and plumes ; in his folds, 
two ears of corn. 



in field, above, L T [=162—163 a.d.] 

* The I is doubtful. The coin may be of the Year 5 of M. Aurelius [ = 164-165 A.D.]. 



480 



EGYPT 



No. 



63-i 



536 



537 



538 



539 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



203-5 



635 201 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



169 



163 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



175 



196-5 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -S 



Obverse 



Reverse 



LUCIUS TERUS 
Billon 



AAVPHAIOC OVHPOCC€B 

(from I., op-wards) 
Bust of L. Vertis r., lanr., -wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



last part of inscr. obscure. 



AAVPHAIOC OVHPOCC€ 

(from 1,, upwards) 
Similar type. 



AAYPHAI 



Bust of L. Veras 1,, 
mentum over shoulder. 



OCOYHPOCC6 

(from r., downwards) 



laur., paluda- 



A AYPHAIOC OYHPOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type r. 



Eirene, draped, seated 1. on throne with- 
out back, holding patera in extended 
r. ; beside throne, cornucopiae, whence 
emerges Ploutos r. ; around, € I PH N H 

infield, L A [ = 161 A.D.] 



Homonoia, draped, standing 1,, holdino- 
branch in r., and cornucopiae and 
gathered di-apery in 1. ; around, from 
1. upwards, OMONO I A 

in field, L A [=161 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 2.] 



M. Aurelius and L. Verus, each wearing 
toga, standing face to face, with r. 
hands clasped. 



field, L A [=161 A.D.] 



Bust of Zeus Amnion r., with ram's horn, 
wearing head-dress of horns, uraei, and 
disk. 

in field, L B [=161—162 a.d.] 



Trophy, consisting of helmet with cheek- 
pieces and a cuirass, flanked on either 
side by two crossed oval shields with 
crossed javelins; at the foot, captive, 
vyearing Phrygian cap and having hands 
tied behind back, seated r., looking 
behind him ; around, from 1. upwards 
APMG NIA 

infield, L G [ = 164—165 a.d.] 



Wreath containing date. 



LZ [=166—167 A.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



481 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



540 



280 



.E 1-15 



541 



400 



JE 1-3 



542 



359-5 



M 1-3 



54S 



345 



JE 1-3 



544 



235 



M 1-3 



545 



147 



Ji 1 



Obveese 



Reverse 



Bronze 



AAVPHAIOC OVHP 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bast of L. Verus r., laur., paluda- 
mentum over shoulder. 



- - AlOC OVHPOCCeB 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; head bare. 



AAYPHAIOC OYHPOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of L. Verus r., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentum ; head bai'e. 



NiluSj naked to vpaist and crowned with 
lotus, seated 1. on ■ rocks, holding 
comucopiae in r. and reed in 1. ; in 
front, Alexandria, draped and wearing 
elephant's skin on head, advances r., 
holding wreath in extended r. and reed 
over 1. shoulder. 

infield, [L] B [=161—162 a.d.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modias, re- 
clining 1. on couch ; she holds rudder 
ill r. and supports head with 1. ; couch 
decked with gat-lands. 

above, L T [ = 162—163 a.d.] 



Similar to No. 540 ; but Nilus reclining 
on ground, with crocodile r. beneath. 



in field, L ' [ = 162-163 a d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 3.] 



A AVPHAIOC OVHPOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bnst of L. Verus r., laur., paluda- 
mentum over shoulder. 



- - HAIOC OYHPOCC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



AAYPHA OYHPOC - - 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of L. Verus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludameutum. 



Female figure, wearing chiton and peplos, 
standing 1., between ends of galleys, 
with seated figures beneath, as on No. 
490 ; but she holds cornucopiae instead 
of oar (?) in 1. 

to r., I [ = 164 — 165 a.d.] (details obscure) 



Egyptian shrine, contniiiing two Canopi, 
face to face, as on No. 365. 

in field, L S [=165—166 a.d.] 



Canopus 1. on stand, wearing crown of 
horns, uraei, disk, and plumes. 



infield, L € [=164—165 a.d.] 



3 Q 



482 



EGYPT 



No. 



546 
5t7 



548 



549 



550 



Weight 



162-5 
184 



206 



17^ 



193 



551 ! 190-5 



167 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 1-05 
Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 



Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



COMMODUS 



Billon 



The. coins of Commodiis are dated according to the regnal years of M. Aurelius. 
Ill style theij show, loith hut few exceptions, a marked deterioration. So far as can 
he judged by apiiearance, the great majority of them are. also of inferior alloy. 
The characteristic of the first group, the issue of ivhich extended orer three years, 
is that the name ANTUNINOC is loritten atfidl length. 



MAYPHKOMMo ANTUNINOCC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Commodus r., laur. 



Zeus, laur., naked but for himation over 
1. shoulder, standing to front, head 1., 
holding thunderbolt in r., and leaning 
■with 1. on sceptre. 

in field, ^ B [=181—182 a.d.] 



in field, /^ [?] 



K 

L 



[Plate lxxxix. 4.] 



MAYPHKOMM ANTUNINOCC 

€ (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type. 



MAYPHKOM ANTUNINOCC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar to No. 548. 



MAYPHKOM ANTUNINOCC6 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar to No. 548, with C for C€ 



Head of Zeus Aramon r., with ram's 
horn, and disk on head. 

infield, ^_K r [ = 182—183 a.d.] 



Athena, helmefed, draped and wearing 
aegiti, seated 1. on throne with back, 
holding on extended r. small Nike 1., 
and leaning with 1. on spear; beside 
throne, shield. 



in front, 



KB 



', [[_] [=181—182 A.D.] 



Simila 



in front, KB [=181— 182 a.d.] 



Emperor in triumphal quadriga advancing 
r. ; holds aquila in r. 

above, |KA [ = 180-181 a.d.] 



Similar to preceding ; reins visible, 
above, [KA [=180—181 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



483 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar to No. 551. 


Trophy consisting of helmet with cheek- 
pieces, and a cuirass, which is flanked 
on either side by two oval shields 
crossed, with two crossed javelins 
behind them ; at foot, two captives 
seated 1. and r , with hands tied 
behind their backs. 


o53 


198-5 


Bill. -95 




infield, K A [ = 180—181 a.d.] 

[L] 








The Eev. inscription sJimes that the following were strnch after the heginniag of 
183 A.D., when Cominodus entered on Ms fourth consulship. 








Similar to No. 552. 


Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding on outstretched r. 
Nike 1. on globe, and leaning with 1. on 
sceptre ; around, from 1. upwards, 
VnAT OC TOA 


554 


170 


Bill. -95 


(MAYH) 


in ex., LKr [ = 183 A.D.] 


555 


138 


Bill. 1-05 


inscr. obscure. 
Similar. 


as preceding. 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath in ex- 
tended r. and trophy over 1. shoulder ; 
around, from r. downwards, VTTAT 
OC TOA 


556 


165 


Bill. -95 




above, LKr [ = 183 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 5.] 








Toioards the end of 183 A.D. Gommodus assumed the title of 'Pius,' and the 
inscription on the Ohv. of the coins is modified accordingly. The Reo. tijpe of 
No. 557 probably alludes to the victories which justified the adoption of the title 

' Britaniucns' in 184 A.D.* 


557 


214 


Bill. 1 


MAKOANTU C€B6VC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Commodus r., laur. 

* Bukhel, D.JV. 


Nike, wearing long chiton, driving qua- 
driga slowly r. 

above, lK€ [=184—185 a.d.] 

{_B.U.C., Pl. X. 1416.] 

v., iv., p. 80. 



3 Q 2 



484 



EGYPT 



No. 



558 
559 
560 



561 



562 
563 



564 
565 



566 



567 



Weight 



217 
184 



189-, 



154-5 
179 



161-5 
173 



202 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 1 

Bill. -95 



185 Bill.. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 
Bill. 1 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



164 Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Similar. 

(^K in inscr.) 

(li) in inscr.) 
Similar. 



Reverse 



Bust of Nil us r., crowned with lotus ; 
cornncopiae at r. shoulder, and himation 
over 1. 

infield, ^ A [=183—184 a.d ] 

|_K € [=184—185 A.D.] 

date obscure. 



Emperor, wearing chiton, himafion [and 
tall round cap '?] standing 1., holding 
patera over small altar, which stands in 
front of column, above which is bust of 
Sarapis r., wearing modius. 

in ex., L; in field, K A [=183— 
184 A.V.] 

[Cf. BM.C, Fl. XXVII. 1432.] 



Henceforward tJie form (jj becomes regular, in place of U. The most noteworthy 

type in the following group is that of Nos. 587 f., lohich refers 

to the ' vota soluta decennalia.' 



MAKOMANTOa C€B€YC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Commodus r., laur. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Sir 



Head of Zeus r., laur. 

infield, ^ Z [=186—187 a.d.] 
as preceding. 



Zeus, laur. and naked to waist, seated 1. 
on throne with back, holding thunder- 
bolt in r., and leaning with 1. ou 
sceptre. 

in field, |_ H [=187-188 a.d.] 



in field, 



K 



^ e [ = 188—189 A.D.] 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., with ram's 
horn, having disk on head. 

infield, {^ Z [ = 186—187 a.d.] 



Bust of Helios r., radiate, wearing 
chlamjs. 

in front, ^ [=189—190 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



485 



No. 



568 



569 



570 
571 



572 



573 



574 



575 

576 



Weight 



180-5 



187 



173-5 
198 



191 



172 



166 



168 
167 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 1 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -9 



Obvbhsb 



Similar. 



Similar 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Bust of Selene 1. ; hair in knot on top of 
head ; in front, large crescent r. 

behind, ^ [=189—190 a.u.] 



Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding scales in r., and 
leaning with 1. on sceptre. 

to 1. upwards, LKS [=188—189 a.d.] 



Elpis, draped, standing 1., holding flower 
in r., and with 1. raising hem of her 
chiton. 

infield, L A [=189—190 a.d.] 
as preceding. 



Pronoia, radiate, and wearing chiton and 
peplos, standing 1., raising her r. hand, 
and holding sceptre in 1. ; around, from 
1. upwards, HP O NOIA 



L A [ = 189—190 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 6.] 



Tjche, draped and wearing modius, re- 
clining 1. on couch, holding rudder in 
r., and supporting head on 1. ; couch 
decked with garlands. 

above, |_AA [ = 190—191 a.d.] 



Bust of Sarapis r., wearing modius. 



field, 



K 



]2 H [ = 187—188 A.D.] 



Sarapis, wearing chiton, himation, and 
modius, seated 1. on throne with back, 
extending his r. over Kerberos, seated 
at his feet ]., and leaning with 1. on 
sceptre. 

to 1. upwards, LKH [ = 187—188 a.d.] 

to 1. upwards, LK0 [=188—189 a.d.] 



486 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



577 



578 



209 



209 



Bill. -9 



Bill. 1 



579 



175 Bill. 1 



580 
681 



18G 
171 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



582 



186 



Bill. -9 



583 

584 



173 
174 



Bill. 1 
Bill. 1 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Similai'. 



Siniiliir. 



Simila 



Similai'. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Sarapis, wearing chiton, himation, and 
modius, standing to front, head 1., 
holding simpnlum in r., and having 
1. wrapped in folds of himation ; behind 
him, basin supported by column on 
basis ; above basin, lion's head fountain, 
whence water trickles down. 

infield, above, L A [=189—190 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 7.] 

Bust of Nilus r., as on No. 658, 

to r.,down wards, LAA [ = 190 — 191 a.d.] 

Hermanubis standing r., wearing hima- 
tion and modius ; he holds winged 
caduceus in r., and leans with 1. on 
palm-branch ; behind him, jackal 1., with 
r. forepaw raised and head turned back. 

infield, |_K H [ = 187— 188 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 8.] 

Emperor, wearing cuirass and paluda- 
mentum, riding 1. on horseback, ex- 
tending his r. hand, and holding sceptre 
inl. 

infield, L A [=189—190 a.d.] 

as preceding. 

[Plate lxxxix. 9.] 

Emperor, laur. and wearing toga, standing 
I., holding in r. patera over altar, and 
in 1. sceptre; behind, Nike, with palm 
over 1. shoulder, in act of crowning 
Emperor. 

to 1. upwards, LKG [ = 188—189 a.d.] 

Emperor standing ]., as above, but hold- 
ing branch in r. ; behind, Alexandria, 
draped and turreted, standing to front, 
head 1., with ears of corn in 1., iu act 
of crowning Emperor. 

infield, ^ ^ [=187—188 a.d.] 

as preceding. 

IB.M.a, Pl. XXVII. 1436.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



487 



No. 



586 



586 



587 
588 



589 



590 



Weight 



190 



203 



156 

149 



171 



176 



591 161-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 1 



Bill. -95 
Bill. 1 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill -95 



Obvekse 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Simila 



Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with 
wings open. 

in front, lA [=189—190 A.D.] 



Galley in full sail r. over waves ; behind, 
Pharos, represented as square tower, 
seen at an angle, and having door 1. ; 
the tower is surmounted by lantern 
having statue on the top ; while over 
its edge there leans, to 1. and r., Triton 
blowing buccinum. 

inex., LKS [ = 188— 189 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 10.] 

Laurel-wreath, within which, flCPI 

OA A€ 
KA€T 

beneath, LKZ [ = 186—187 a.d.] 

as preceding. 
[Plate lxxxix. 11.] 



Towards the end of 191 a.d. Commodus clianged Ms praenomen, and at the same 

time began to {/ire greater prominence on his coins to the title '■Felix,' which he had 

assumed in 185 A.T>. The name ANTGJNINOC disappears entirely. 



Similar. 



AAIAAVPKOM C€€VC€€VTV 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Commodus r., laur. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Zeus seated 1., holding thunderbolt, as on 
No. 564. 

L ^ B [ = 191—192 A.D.] 



Athena seated 1., as on No, 549 ; but 
Nike r. 

infield, |A B [ = 191—192 a.d.] 



Eagle standing r. on thunderbolt, with 
head turned back ; on either side, 
vexillum. 



in field. 



L A 
B 



[=191—192 A.D.] 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weiuht 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



592 



593 



694 



595 



596 



597 



131 



147 



191-5 



173-6 



182 



102 



M 1 



m -96 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



JE -9 



Beonze 

Venj little bronze was issued under Commodus, while under later emperors it was 

seldom struch at all. 



MAKOANTUN [ ] 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Commodus r., laur. 



MAKOANTU C€B€VC€BH 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Lion advancing r., with, mane erect, 
above, K€ [ = 184—185 a.d.] 



Serpent Agathodaimon, with, head erect 
r., wearing skhent, poised on back of 
bridled horse, galloping r. 

beneath, L KZ [=186—187 a.d.] 



SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 

Billon 



AVTKAcenTceoY Hpocnep 

T- C€B (from 1., upAvards) 

Head of Septimins Severus r., laur. 

inscr. partly off coin. 



Dikaiosyne, draped, standing 1., holding 
scales in r. and cornucopiae and gathered 
drapery in 1. 

in field 1., above, |_B [ = 193—194 a.d.] 



julia domna 
Billon 



lOYAIAAO MNAC€B 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Domna r., di-aped. 

inscr. partly off coin. 



Similar. 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with scales and 
cornucopiae, as on No. 594. 



date illegible. 

Nike driving quadriga slowly 1. 
above, LB [=193—194 a.d.] 



GETA 
Bkonze 



n cenriMioc r€TACKAic . . 

(from L, upwards) 
Bust of Geta r., wearing cuirass and 
paludamentum ; head bare. 



Uraeus, -with head erect r., -v\-earing head- 
dress of horns : details obscure. 



date obscure. 



ALEXANDRIA 



489 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








ELAGABALUS 








Billon 








Throughout the reign of Elagahaliis the Ohv. inscription remains unaltered, hid 

there is a loell-marked development in the type, the first change occurring in the 

course of the Year 3. Many of the coins are thick, and heavier than has hitherto 

heen usual. In style there is an improvement as compared with the 

coins of Commodus. 


598 


198 


Bill. -9 


AKAICAPMAAYP ANTWNINOC 

€YC€B (from 1., upwards) 
Bast of Blagabalus r., with shoulders 
bare ; both ends of wreath fly out 
behind. 

Similar. 


Athena, wearing chiton, peplos, and 
crested helmet, seated 1., holding on 
extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 
1. on spear ; beside seat, shield. 

in field, L B [=218—219 a.d.] 

Bnst of Sarapis r., draped and wearing 
modius. 


599 


218 


Bill. '9 


Similar. 


in field, L B [=218—219 a.d.] 

Bust of Hermanubis r., wearing modius, 
taenia and lotus-petal ; himation over 
1. shoulder ; in front, winged cadnceus 
surmounted by palm. 


600 


210 


Bill. -9 


(V in insor.) 

[Plate lx 

Similar. 


behind, [_B [ = 218—219 A.D.] 
XXIX. 12.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 


601 


182 


Bill. -95 


(V in insor.) 
Similar. 


infield, L B [=218—219 a.d.] 

Bust of Zeus r., laur. ; himation over 1. 
shoulder. 


602 


173-5 


Bill. -85 


Similar. 


in field, L r [=219—220 a.d.] 

Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing 
modius. 


603 


164 


Bill. -85 




in field, L r [219—220 a.d.] 



VOL. III. 



3 E 



490 



EGYPT 



No. 



604 



605 



606 



607 



608 



609 



610 



Weight 



222 



197 



189 



IGl 



224 



204 



198 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Obverse 



Similar ; but one end of wreath falls 
forward over Emperor's r. shoulder.* 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



(V in inscr.) 



Reversb 



The Emperor riding slowly r., raising his 
r. hand, and holding aquila (?) over 1. 
shoulder. 



in front, |_r [=219—220 A.D.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 13.] 



Athena, wearing long chiton, crested 
helmet, and aegis, standing 1., holding 
on extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 
1. on spear, against which shield rests. 

beneath r. hand, [A [=220—221 a.d.] 



Homonoia, draped, stauding 1., raising r. 
hand, and holding corniicopiae and 
gathered drapery in 1. 

in front, |_A [=220—221 a.d.] 



Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm. 

in front, [A [=220—221 a.d.] 



Similar ; but Nike 1. 
in front, [A [=220—221 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 14.] 

Bust of Sarapis r., draped, wearing 
modius. 

in field, L A [=220—221 a.d.] 

[BJI.a, Pl. XIII. 1503.] 

Nilus, with Mmation over r. knee, seated 
1. on rocks, holding reed and cornu- 
oopiae. 

in front, [A [ = 220—221 a.d.] 



* The bust also tends to become larger, with the result that the letters €YC€B 
which are beneath it, are usually rather smaller than the rest of the inscr. 



^ 



ALEXANDRIA 



491 



No. 



Weight 



611 



297 



012 



207 



613 



211 



614 



197 



615 



188 



616 



199 



617 



201 



Metal 
Size 



Obveese 



Similar. 



Bill. 9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. '95 



Similar ; but with paludamentum and 
cuirass ; both ends of wreath fly out 
behind*; €YC€B in small letters. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar, 



Similar. 



REVER.SB 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head r. 

above r. wing, j_A [=220 — 221 a.d.] 



Bust jugate r., of Helios radiate, and 
of Selene with crescent on her head ; 
both draped. 



in front, [€ [=221—222 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 15.] 



Bust of Athena r., wearing cuirass, aegis, 
and crested Roman helmet decorated in 
front with grifSn. 

in front, |_€ [=221— 222 A.D.] 

[B.M.G., Pl. IV. 1490.] 



Athena, wearing long chiton, helmet, and 
aegis, standing 1., holding on extended 
r. JS'ike r., and supporting shield with 1. 

beneath r. hand, |_€ [ = 221—222 A.D.] 



Ares, wearing crested helmet, cuirass, and 
kothornoi, standing 1. ; he leans with r. 
on inverted spear, and holds in 1. 
chlamys and sword in sheath ; in front, 
shield, supported by his spear. 

above shield, |_€ [=221—222 a.d.] 



Homonoia standing, as on No. 606. 
in front, |_€ [=221—222 a.d.] 

Bust of Hermanubis r., as on No. 600, 
but head radiate; same symbol in front. 

behind, [€ [=221—222 a.d.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. xviii. 1506.] 



* On No. 614 one end of wreath falls forward over r. shoulder. 



3 B 2 



492 



EGYPT 



No. 



618 



619 



620 



621 



622 



Weight 



202 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 



202-5 



193 



203 



Obverse 



Eevebse 



JULIA PAULA 
Billon 



The coins of Julia Paula, lilce those of the other female relatives of Elagahaliis, 
are dated according to his regnal years. 



lOYAIA TTAYAAC€B 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Paula r., di'aped. 



[Plate lxxxix. 16.] 



Similar. 



Bill, -95 



Btist of Selene r., draped and wearirig 
taenia ; in front, large crescent 1. 

behind, [T [=219—220 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. m. 1525.] 



Bust of Isis 1., draped and wearing 
cbaracteristic head-dress. 

in field, L r [=219—220 a.d.] 



AQUILIA SEVERA 
Billon 



Bill. -9 



190 



Bill. -9 



IOYAIAAKYAIAC€YHPACeB 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Aquilia Severa r., draped. 



Similar. 

(lOIAYA ininscr.) 

Similar. 



Bill. -Sc 



[Plate lxxxlx. 17.] 



Bust of Savapis r., draped and wearing 
modius. 

infield, L A [=220—221 a.d,] 



Nike driving galloping biga r. 
above, [_€ [ = 221—222 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

infield, L € [=221—2-22 a.d.] 



623 202-5 



ANNIA FAUSTINA 

Billon 



Bill. -95 



ANNIA <t)AYCTINA C€BA 

(from 1, upwards) 
Bu.st of Annia Faustina r., draped. 

[Plate lxxxix, 18.] 



Athena, standing 1., with Nike and shield, 
as on No, 614. 

beneath r. hand, [_€ [=221 — 222 a.d.1 



ALEXANDRIA 



493 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



624 



190 



Bill. -Si 



625 



183 



626 



203 



627 



185-5 



628 
629 



199-5 
193-5 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -9 



JULIA SOABMIAS 
Billon 



IOYAIACOAIMIACC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bnst of Julia Soaemias r., draped. 

[Plate lxxxix. 19.] 



Eagle, -with -wings open and -wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head r. 

above r. -wing, |_A [ = 220— 221 A.D.] 



JULIA MAESA 
Billon 



lOYAMAICA C€BMHTCTPA 

(from 1., upv^-ards) 
B-ast of Julia Maesa r., draped. 

[Plate lxxxix. 20.] 



Similar. 



Bust of Isis 1., draped and -wearing 
characteristic head-dress. 

in field, L r [=219—220 a.d.] 



Homonoia, draped, standing 1., as on 
No. 606. 

in front, [A [ = 220—221 A.D.] 



SBVERUS ALEXANDER 

Billon 



SevcfHS Alexander loas adopted hy Elagabalus towards the end of 221 A.D., and 

the coins on which he appears as Caesar all belong to the period between 

his adoption and the assassination of Elagabalus. 



mapaypaa€s:anapockaicap 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Severus Alexander r., -wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; head bare ; 
body turned slightly to-wards front, 
showing paludamentum fastened across 
chest. 



Ares standing 1., with spear and sword in 
sheath, all as on No. 615. 



Similar. 



above shield, [_€ [ = 221—222 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 21.] 



Sarapis, draped and wearing modius, 
standing to front, head r., leaning on 
sceptre with r., and holding gathered 
drapery in 1. 

in field, L 6 [=221—222 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



494 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



REVEKSt; 



630 



188 



Bill. -9 



631 



186 



Bill. -95 



632 



148 



Bill. -9 



633 



214 



Bill. -9 



634 



192 



Bill. -95 



636 

636 



209 
189 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -9 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Simila 



Similar. 



Bust of Hermanubis r., radiate, as on 
No. 617 ; same symbol in front. 

behind, [€ [=221—222 a.d.] 



Nilus, naked to waist and crowned with, 
lotus, reclining 1., holding reed in r. 
and oornncopiae in 1. ; from cornucopiae 
emerges small genius 1., holding wreath ; 
in front, Nilometer; other genii clamber 
over Nilus and up cornucopiae. 

in ex., L€ [=221—222 a.d.] 

[Cf. B.M.C., Pl. XXI. 1587.] 

Busts, jugate, r., of Nilus and Euthenia; 
Nil as, who is crowned with lotus, has 
cornucopiae at r. shoulder and himation 
over 1. ; Euthenia, who is crowned with 
corn, wears chiton fastened in knot on 
breast. 

in front, [_€ [ = 221— 222 A.D.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. XXI. 1588.] 



Eagle, with closed wings and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., with head turned 
back. 



in field, 



L € [=221—222 a.d.] 



With Alexander's own accession the form of the inscr. naturally changes, while 

his own regnal years are employed for dating. There is also 

an alteration in the obverse type. 



AKAIMAPAYPC€YHPAA€ZANA 

ROC €YCeB (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum ; 
chest not shown. 



Similar. 



(inscr. continuous ; €YC€B) 



Head of Zeus r., laur. 



in field, L A [=222 a.d.] 

Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with scales and cornucopiae. 

in field 1., above, |_A [=222 a.d.] 

in field 1., above, [^B [=222— 223 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



495 



No. 


Weight 


637 


196 


638 


204 


639 


217 


640 


178-5 


641 


207 


642 


199 


643 


218 


644 


183 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



(same die as No. 635) 



Similar. 



Revekse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm. 

in front, |_B [=222—223 A.D.] 



Tyche, draped and weskvmg modius, 
standing 1., holding rudder and cornu- 
copiae. 

in field 1., |_B [=222—223 a.d,] 



Tyohe, draped and wearing modius, re- 
clining 1. on couch decked with gar- 
lands ; she holds rudder in r., and 
supports head on 1. 

above, [A [=222 a.d.] 

[B.M.a, Pl. XI. 1643.] 

Bust of Sarapis r., draped and wearing 
modius with floral ornament. 

infield, L B [=222—223 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 22.] 

Wolf 1., suckling twins, 
above, LA [=222 a.d.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. XXIII. 1681.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., with head turned 
back. 

in field, L B [=222—223 a.d.] 



During the two following years the Ohv. type is someiohat larger, the lanrel-ioreath 

approaching so near the edge as to hreah the line of the inscr. The change tooTc 

place before the eiid of the Year 2 (B.M.O., p. 209, No. 1628). 



AKAIMAPAYPC6YH PAA€ZAN 

APOC €YCeB * (from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; slightly larger. 



Athena, draped, and wearing aegis and 
crested helmet, seated 1., holding on 
extended r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. 
on spear ; beside throne, round shield. 

in front, [T [ = 223—224 A.D.] 

in front, |_A [=224—225 A.D.] 



Sometimes these letters are quite o£E the flan. 



496 



EGYPT 



No. 



645 



646 

647 



649 



650 
651 



652 



653 
654 



Weight 



171-5 



178 
201 



648 191 



191-5 



144 
168 



187 



241 
210 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -95 



Obvekse 



Bill. -95 



Similar. 



(inscr. largely off coin) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Similar. Homonoia atanding 1., raising r. hand, 

and holding cornucopiae and gathered 
drapery in 1. 

in front, [T [=223—224 a.d.] 



Similar. Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, 

-with scales and cornucopiae. 

in field 1., above, |_A [=224—225 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



Nike running 1., holding -wreath and 
filleted palm. 

in front, [A [=224—225 a.d.] 



Tyche reclining 1., as on No. 639. 
above, |_A [=224—225 a.d.] 

Eagle, as on No. 642. 

infield, L A [ = 224—225 a.d.] 

as preceding. ^ 



Similar. Eagle, -with wings closed and -wreath in 

beak, standing 1. ; palm over r. Aving. 

in front, [T [=223—224 a.d.] 



The two following coins are remarlcalle not inerfhj for the leay in which the numeral 

is written, hut also for their superior sti/le. Siiiiihir pieces were struck in theTear 7. 

All of the Rev. ti/jjes of this group allude either to Zeus Ammon or to Sarapis* 



AKAIMAVPC€OVHPAAei:ANA 

POC€VC€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
-wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



type large, 
type small. 



Sarapis, draped and v/earing modius, 
seated 1., leaning -with 1. on sceptre, 
and holding r. extended over Kei-beros 
seated at his feet. 

around, LT€TA P TOY [=224— 
225 A.D.] 



around, LTT€M TTTOY [=225- 
226 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 23.] 



* There are also coins with the head of Julia Mamaea on the Rey. (B.M.C., Nos. 1716 f.). 



ALEXANDRIA 



497 



No. 



Weight 



655 



656 

657 



658 



659 
660 

661 

662 



663 
664 

665 
606 



201 



194 
185 



200 



205 
192 

213 
203 



171 
190 

186 
201 



Metal 

SiZK 



Bill. -9 



15111. -9 
Bin. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. '9 

Bill. -95 

Bill. -85 

Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 

Bill. 1 

Bill. -9 

Bill. -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



III the Year 5 tlie size of the type is 
shortened so that no letters a 

AKAIMAAYPC€YAA€ZANAPOC 

C€Y (from 1., iipwai'ds) 

Similar type. 



Similar. 

(€YC ininsor.) 

Similar. 

(MAP for MA in inscr.) 

Similar. 



Similar. 

(AKAMAP ininsor.) 
Similar. 



(€YC in inscr.) 
Similar. 

(KA for KAI in inscr.) 



slightly reduced again, and the inscr. is 
•e placed beneath the bust at all. 

Athena, draped and wearing crested hel- 
met and aegis, seated 1. on throne with 
back, holding in r. Nike r., and leaning 
with 1. on spear; beside throne, round 
shield. 

in front, |_€ [=225—226 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne, standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with scales and cornucopiae. 

in field 1., above, [_€ [=225—226 a.d.] 

in field 1., above, [S [=226—227 a.d.] 



Homonoia, standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae. 

in front, [_€ [■=225—226 a.d.] 



Tyche, standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
rudder and cornucopiae. 

in field 1., above, [€ [=225—226 a.d.] 

in field 1., above, [5 [=226—227 a.d.] 

Tyche, reclining 1., as on No. 639. 
above, |_€ [=225—226 a.d.] 
above, |5 [ = 226—227 a.d.] 

Nilus, reclining 1., crowned with lotus and 
naked to waist, holding in r. reed, and 
in 1., cornucopiae, whence emerges 
small genius 1., holding wreath. 

in front, |_€ [ = 225—226 a.d.] 

in front, |_5" [=226—227 a.d.] 

Eagle, as on No. 642. 
in field, L € [=225—226 a.d.] 
in field, L S [=226—227 A.D.] 

3 s 



498 



EGYPT 



Xo. 



667 



66S 
669 



670 



671 
672 



673 



Weight 



208 



179 
185 



158 



141 
179 



19.: 



Mktal 
Size 



Bill. -85 



Obverse 



Reyeksb 



The Obv. type now changes slightly, the bust being turned more towards the front 

and the paludamentum thrown bach a little, displaying the cuirass. 

There is also a trifling change in the inscr. 



AKAIMAPAYC€YAA€ZANAPOC 

€Y (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Severas Alexander r., laur., 
turned slightly towards the front, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Similar, with V 



Similar. 



Asklepios, wearing liimation which leaves 
chest and r. shoulder bare, standing I., 
holding in r. patera over altar which is 
lighted and decked with garlands ; he 
leans with 1. on staff round which 
serpent twines. 

above r. arm, [Z [=227— 228 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 24.] 

Busts of Nilus and Euthenia, jugate, r., 
as on No. 632. 

in front, [Z [=227—228 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



Emperor, in military dress, standing 1., 
holding on extended r., small Kike r. 
on globe, and leaning with 1. on in- 
verted spear. 



Bill. -96 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Similar. 



(AKAIMAPAV€CVAA€1:ANAP0 
C€VC, sic) 



in front, |_Z [=227—228 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 25.] 
Hippopotamus walking r. 
above, L Z [=227—228 a.d.] 
as preceding. 

[Plate lxxxix. 26.] 



On the three foil owing there is again a slight change in the Obv. ins 

AKAIMAAVPC€VAA€ZANAP0C ! Nike driving galloping bic^a r. 
cV * (from 1., upwards) ° 

Similar type. 

in ex., obscure date (LZ ?) 



On none of the three specimens are the last letters perfectly clear. 



ALEXANDRIA 



499 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Hevebse 








Similar. 


Tyche, standing 1., holding rudder and 
cornucopiae. 


674 


192 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


in field 1., above, |_H [=228—229 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 27.] 

Bust of Isis 1., draped and wearing 
characteristic head-dress. 


675 


199 


Bill. -95 




in field, L e [=229—230 a.d.] 








The celebration of the ' decennalia ' was marlced by the issue of a special type 
(Nos. 676 f.). Further, in the Year 10 and subsequent years, a palm always appears 
in the field of the Reo. There is another slight change in the Obv. inscr., while the 
Obv. type represents a return to that found on Nos. 643 f., the head being larger 
and the laurel-wreath breaking the line of the inscr. 


676 


216-5 


Bill. 1 


AKAIMAPAVPC€V AA€1:ANAP 

OC€V (from 1., up\va,rds) 
Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 


nepi 

Laurel-wreath, within which, OA - OC 
beneath wreath, palm r. A€KA 

TH 


677 


186 


Bill. -95 




[Plate lxxxix. 28 ] 








Similar. 


Zeus, laur. and naked to waist, seated 1. 
on throne with back, holding patera in 
extended r., and leaning with 1. on 
sceptre; at his feet, eagle 1., looking 
back ; behind him, palm. 


678 


172-5 


Bill. -85 




in field 1., above, Q [=230— 231 a.d.] 


679 


197 


Bill. -9 


(inscr. ends at €) 
Similar. 


in field 1., above, |_|B [ = 232—233 a.d.] 

Bust of Athena r., wearing aegis and 
triple-crested Athenian helmet, adorned 
ia front with sphinx and foreparts of 
horses ; in front, palm. 


680 


196 


Bill. -95 


(end of inscr. obscure) 


behind, |J [=230—231 a.d.] 


681 


189 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


behind, |_IB [=232—233 a.d.] 
[B.M.C., Pl. IV. 1603.] 

Similar ; but Athena wears Corinthian 
helmet, adorned with griffin. 


682 


192 


Bill. -95 




behind, QA [=231—232 a.d.] 



3 s 2 



500 



EGYPT 



No. 



683 



684 



68S 



686 
687 



688 192 



689 



690 



09 1 



Weight 



220 



170 



191-6 



189 
205 



200-5 



180 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -95 



Oevebse 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -95 
Bill. -95 



Similar. 



(inscr. ends at €) 



Similar. 



(inscr. partly oS coin) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 



(AKMAAVP) 



Similar. 



(end of inscr. obscure) 



Similar. 



193 Bill. -95 (end of inscr. obscure) 



Reverse 



Athena, draped and "wearing crested 
helmet, seated 1. on throne -witli back, 
holding on extended r. Nike r., and 
leaning -with 1. on spear, against -which 
round shield leans ; in front, palm. 

infield, L IB [ = 232—233 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, 
-with scales and cornucopiae ; behind, 
palm. 

in field 1., above, |jr [ = 233—234 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, -with 
flower ; in front, palm. 

behind, |IA 

[B.M.C, Pl. VIII. 1620.] 

Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae ; in front, 
palm. 

behind, Q [ = 230—231 a.d.] 

behind, [jA [=231—232 a.d.] 

behind, \_\r [=233—234 a.d.] 



Nike, seated 1. on cuirass, holding -wreath 
and filleted palm ; in front, palm. 

in field, U B [=232—233 a.d.] 



Tyche standing 1., in usual attitude, vnth 
rudder and cornucopiae ; behind, palm. 

in field 1., above, [jr [=233—234 a.d.] 



Bust of Sarapis r., draped and -wearing 
modius, decorated with floral orna- 
ment ; in front, palm. 

behind, [Jf [ = 233—234 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



501 



No. 



Weight 



Metai, 
Size 



G92 



207 



693 
694 



189 

192 



695 



218 



69*^6 



191 



697 



174-5 



698 



186-5 



Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -86 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Similar. 



(end of inscr. obscure) 



Similar. 



(inscr. ends at C) 



5) )) 



Similar. 



(inscr. ends at €) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Revebse 



Bust of Isis r., draped and wearing 
characteristic head-dress ; in front, 
palm. 

behind, |_IB [=232—233 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 29.] 

Bust of Alexandria r., draped and wear- 
ing close-fitting cap, with brim, turreted ; 
in front, palm. 

behind, IJA [=231—232 a.d.] 

behind, |_ir [=233—234 a.d.] 

[Pla'J'e lxxxix. 30.] 

Emperor in military dress, seated sideways 
on horse 1., raising his r. hand, and 
holding sceptre in 1. ; in front, palm. 

behind, U [ = 230—231 A.D.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 31.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r., looking back ; be- 
hind, palm. 

in front, Qf [=233—234 a.d.] 



Trophy, consisting of cuirass surmounted 
by helmet, and having pelta on 1. and 
round shield on r. ; behind each shield, 
two javelins ; at foot of trophy, two 
captives, with hands tied behind their 
backs, seated face to face ; in field 1., 
palm. 

infield, L lA [=231—232 a.d.] 

[B.M.O., Pl. XXXI. 1702.] 



On the coins of the Year 14 there is a slight variation in the Ohv. type. 



AKAIMAPAYPC6Y AA€ZANAP 

OC (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 
wearing cuirass aud paludamentum ; 
body slightly turned to front, show- 
ing paludamentum fastened across 
chest. 



Wolf r., suckling Romulus and Remus ; 
above, palm r. 



in ex., LI A [=234-235 ad] 



502 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Eeveesb 








Bronze 








Almost the wliole of the hioion bronze coins of Seuenis Alexander belong to 

the year of the ' decennalia,' and almost all of tliem are of the 

denomination represented here. 








AKAIMAPAVPC€VAAei:ANAP 
OC€V (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Severus Alexander r., laur., 


Bust of Zeus Ammon r., wearing disk 
and ram's horn ; himation over 1. 
shoulder; in front, palm. 








■wearing cairass and paludamentum. 




699 


293 


M 1-3 


inscr. partly off coin. 
Similar. 


behind, |_| [=230—231 a.d.] 

Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae ; in front, 
palm. 


700 


310 


M 1-35 


inscr. partly off coin. 
Similar. 


behind, LI [=230—231 a.d.] 

Bust of Hygieia r., draped, wearing 
wreath and veil ; in front, serpent- 
staff ending above in olive-branch ; 
behind, palm. 


70] 


368 


JE 1-3 


, inscr. partly off coin. 


to r. of palm, |_| [ = 230—231 a.d.] 
IB.M.a, Pl. v. 1708.] 








JULIA MAMAEA 








Billon 








IOVMAMAIAC6B MHTC€BKC 

TPA (from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Julia Mamaea r., draped and 


Bust of Helios r., draped and radiate. 


702 


185 


Bill. '96 


wearing stephane. 

[Plate lx 

IOYMAMAIAC€B MHT6C6BKC 

T (from 1., upwards) 
Similar. 


in field, L e [ = 229—230 a.d.] 
XXIX. 32.] 

Asklepios standing 1., holding patera over 
altar, as on No. 667 ; behind, palm. 


703 


183 


Bill. -9 


Similar, with KCTP 


in field 1., above, [jB [ = 232—233 a.d.] 

Bust of Athena r., as on No. 682 ; in 
front, palm. 


704 


208 


Bill. -95 




behind, QB [=232—233 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



503 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



705 



706 



707 



708 



709 



710 



161 



203-5 



223 



197 



192-5 



191 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 



end of inscr. doubtful. 



Similar, with C€KCTP 



Similar to No. 703. 



Similar, with KCTP 



Similar. 



Busts, jugate r. of Helios, radiate, and 
Selene, wearing taenia ; in front, large 
crescent 1. ; no palm visible. 

behind, QB [ = 232—233 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower; in front, palm. 

behind, [JB [=232—233 a.d.] 



Tyche standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
rudder and coi'nuoopiae; behind, palm. 

in field 1., above, Qr [=233—234 a.d.] 



Nike running r., with palm over I. 
shoulder, holding in each hand one 
end of untied wreath ; in front, palm. 

in front, Qf [=233—234 a.d.] 



Bust of Isis r., as on No. 692 ; in front, 
palm. 

behind, Qr [=2.33—234 a.d.] 



MAXIMINUS 
Billon 



TiDO groups of obverses can he distingtiisTied during the reign of Maximinus. 
These, however, are not successive, hut parallel.'''' 



AVTOMAZIMINOC€VCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Maximinus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Bust of Zeus r., 
shoulder. 



laur. ; drapery over 1. 



in front, |_B [=2S5— 236 A.D.] 



* So far as the evidence here recorded goes, the second group is later. But there are 
coins in the B.M, which would disprove such a conclusion. 



604 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



711 201 



Bill. -9 



712 



235 



Bill. -9 



713 



217-5 



Bill. -9 



714 



224 



Bill. -85 



7ir 



204-5 



Bill. -9 



716 



192-5 



Bill. -9 



717 



181 



Bill. -85 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Sim.i]a 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Eeverse 



Zeus, standing- 1., laur., -with cMamys 
over 1. shoulder ; lie holds patera in r., 
and leans with 1. on scejstre ; at his 
feet, eagle 1., looking back. 

behind, [T [ = 236—237 A.B.] 



Zeus, naked to vcaist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding patera in r., and 
leaning vpith 1. on sceptre ; at his feet, 
eagle 1., looking back. 

in field 1., above, jA [=235 A.D.] 



Zeus, naked to waist and holding patera 
and sceptre, reclining 1. on back and 
outstretched wings of eagle which stands 
facing, head r. 

above, LB [=235—236 A.D.] 



Bust of Helios r., radiate ; chlamys about 
neck. 

in front, |_B [=235—236 a.d.] 



Bust of Selene r., wearing taenia and 
chiton ; in front, large crescent 1. 



behind, 



LB [=235—236 a.d.] 



Bust of Athena r., wearing aegis, and 
crested Athenian helmet adorned with 
foreparts of horses. 

in front, |_B [ = 235—236 a.d.] 



Bust of Asklepios r., laur., with himation 
over 1. shoulder ; in front, serpent- 
stall. '■ 

behind, Lf [ = 236—237 a.d.] 

[B.M.O., Pi,, v. 1782.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



505 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Homonoia, draped, seated 1. on throne 
with back, raising r. hand, and holding 
double cormicopiae in 1. 


718 


221 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in front, [_B [=235—236 A.D.] 

Nike advancing r., holding palm over 1. 
shoulder, and grasping with either hand 
the end of an untied wreath. 


719 


191 


Bill. -9 




in front, |_A [=235 a.d.] 


720 


202 


Bill. -85 


Similar, 


in front, [T [=236—237 a.d.] 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath in r. 
and palm in 1. 


721 


200 


Bill. -9 




in front, [B [=235—236 a.d.] 


722 


222 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


in front, |_r [=236—237 a.d.] 

Bust of Sarapis 1., wearing modius with 
floral ornament ; shoulders draped ; 
behind, sceptre. 


723 


202 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in front, |_B [=235—236 a.d.] 

Sarapis, -wearing chiton, himation, and 
modius, standing to front, head r., 
leaning with r. on sceptre, and holding 
gathered drapery in 1. 


72J. 


211 


Bill. -85 




in field, L A [=235 a.d.] 


725 


180 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in field, L B [=235—236 a.d.] 

Bust of Hermanubis r., laur., wearing 
himation over shoulders, and modius 
with lotus-petal in front ; in front, 
winged caduceus surmounted by palm. 


726 


205-5 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


behind, [J- [=236—237 a.d.] 

Bust of Nilus r., crowned with lotus, and 
having himation over shoulders ; in 
front, cornucopiae. 


727 


210-5 


Bill. -9 




behind, [_B [=235—236 a.d.] 


728 


208 


Bill. -95 




as preceding. 

[B.M.C., Fl. XIX. 1800.] 



3 T 



606 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



729 



730 



731 



732 



733 



734 
735 
736 



737 
738 



186 



183 



184 



186 



179 



183 
214 
155 



207 
167 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -85 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -9 



Similar. 



Siniila 



Similar. 



Nilus, crowBed with lotus and naked to 
waist, reclining 1., holding in r. a 
cornucopiae and in 1. a reed which 
spreads over his head ; his 1. arm 
rests on head of hippopotamus r. 

in front, [T [=236—237 a.d.] 
[Plate lxxxix. 33.] 



Roma standing 1., wearing crested helmet, 
cuirass, chlamys and kothornoi ; she 
raises r. hand, and holds spear in 1. 

in field, L A [=235 a.d.] 



The Emperor, in military dress, riding 
slowly 1., raising his r. hand, and hold- 
ing aquila in 1. 

in field r., |_B [=235—236 a.d.] 



The second group is differentiated hy a very slight change in the Obv. inscr. 



AVTOMAZIMINOC€VC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bust of Zeus Ammon r., with ram's horn, 
wearing himation over 1. shoulder, and 
head-dress of horns, uraei, disk, and 
plumes. 

infield, L T [=236—237 a.d.] 

[Plate lxxxix. 34.] 

Bust of Helios r., as on No. 714. 
infield, L r [=236—237 a.d.] 

Bust of Selene r., with crescent, as on 
No. 715. 

behind, [T [=236—237 a.d.] 

as preceding. 

behind, j_A [=237—238 a.d.] 

Athena, wearing long chiton, crested hel- 
met, and aegis, standing to front, head 
1., leaning with r. on spear and with 1. 
on shield. 

in field, L A [=237—238 a.d.] 
as preceding. 



ALEXANDRIA 



507 



No. 



739 

740 



Weight 



741 



Metal 
Size 



211 
■224 



184 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



742 


186 


743 


20G 


744 


205 


745 


179 


746 


180 


747 


183-5 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Obverse 



Similar 



Similar. 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 



Similar. 



(CC€V in iiiscr.) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Athena, similarly attired, seated 1. on 
throne with back, holding on extended 
r. Nike r., and leaning with 1. on spear; 
beside throne, shield. 

in front, [T [=236—237 a.d.] 

in front, [A [=237— 2.38 A.D.] 



Bust of Askleijios r., with serpent-staff, 
as on No. 717. 

behind, |_r [=236-237 a.d.] 



Nike seated 1., holding wreath and palm, 
in front, [A [=2.37— 238 a.d.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, stand- 
ing 1., holding with r. rudder and in 1. 
cornucopiae. 

in front, [A [=237—238 a.d.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, re- 
clining 1. on couch, which is decked 
with garlands ; holds rudder in r., and 
supports her head with 1. 

above, [T [=236—237 a.d.] 



Basts, draped, jugate r., of Sarapis, wear- 
ing modius with floral ornament, and of 
Isis, wearing characteristic head-dress. 

in field, L r [=236—237 a.d.] 



Bust of Hermanubis r., as on No. 726. 
behind, I r [=236—237 a.d.] 

Nilus reclining 1., as on No. 729. 
in front, j^A [=237—238 a.d.] 

3 T 2 



608 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



748 



206 



749 



750 
751 



179 



Bill. -9 



195-5 
202 



752 



184 



753 



196-5 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. Trophy, consisting of crested helmet and 

cuirass, the latter flanked by groups of 
two oval shields crossed, with crossed 
javelins behind them ; at foot of trophy, 
two captives seated back to back, with 
hands tied behind. 

in field, L A [=237—238 a.d.] 

IB.M.C, Pl. XXXI. 1809.] 



MAXIMUS 

Billon 

Tlie coins of Maximus [Caesar) are naturallij dated by tlie regnal years oj 

Maxhiiinus. Here also there are two parallel groups, distinguished 

by a slight difference in the Obv. inscr. 



nOVAOVHPMAZIMOCKAl 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Maximus r., bare-headed, weai'- 
ing cuirass ; body turned slightly 
towards front, showing paludamentum 
fastened across chest. 



Similar. 



nOVAOVHPMAZIMOCKA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 

[Plate xc. 1.] 



Sarapis standing to front, head r., as on 

Nos. 724 f. 



in field, L B [ = 235—236 a.d.] 

Nilus reclining 1., as on No. 729. 
in front, [T [ = 236—237 a.d.] 
as preceding. 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 



in field, 



L A [=237—238 a.d.] 



GORDIAN I. (AFRICANUS) 

Billon 



AKMANrOPAIANOCC€MA<|)P€ 

VC€ (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Grordian I. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass ; body turned slightly towards 
front, showing paludamentum fastened 
across chest. 

[Plate xc. 2.] 



Athena seated ]., holdine Nike, as on 
Nos. 739 f. 



in front, |_A [=238 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



509 



No. 



Wekjht 



75-i 



756 



757 



758 



759 



194 



179 



164-5 



173 



188 



213 



Metal 
Size 



Rill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Bill. 9 



Bill. -85 



Obverse 


Reverse 


Similar, witli €VC€B 


Nilus reclining 1., as on No. 729. 




in front, |_A [ = 238 A.D.] 




[B.M.C, Pl. XX. 1830.] 


GORDIAN II. 


(APRICANUS) 


ElLLON 


AKMANrOPAIANOCA<|)eVCe 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gordian 11. r., laur., weariug- 
cuirass and paludamentum. 

[PL.vrE xc. 3.] 


Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne, 
with eagle at his feet, as on No. 712. 

in field 1., above, [A [=238 A.u.] 


PUPIENUS 


ElLLON 


AKMKAWnOVniHNOCeVC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bast of Pupienus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 


Nike advancing ]., holding wreath and 
palm. 

in front, [A [=238 A.D.] 


[Plate 


xc. 4.] 


Similar, with MK for AK 


Eagle standing 1., as on No. 762. 




in field, L A [=238 A.D.] 


BALE 


INUS 


Billon 


AKA€KKAIABAABINOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Balbinus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass ; body turned slightly towards 
front, showing paludamentum fastened 
across chest. 


Athena, wearing crested helmet, long 
chiton, and aegis, standing to front, 
head 1., leaning with r. on spear and 
with 1. on shield. 

in field, L A [=238 a.d.] 


AKA€KKAIABAABINOC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar typs. 

[Plate xc. 5.] 


Athena seated 1., holding Nike, as on 
Nos. 739 f. 

in front, |_A [=238 a.d.] 



510 



EGYPT 



No. 



760 



761 



762 



763 



764 



r65 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



206-5 



196 



217 



198-5 



206-5 



197 



Bill. -9 



liill. -85 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -86 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -95 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



GORDIAN III. (PIUS) 

Billon 

The best basis for the grouping of the coins of this Emperor lies in the variation 

of the Obv. type. The accompanying inscr. exhibits slightly irregular 

changes, with a general tendency towards abbreviation. 



AKMANrOPAIANOC€VC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gordian III. r., laur., wearing 
paludamentum and cuirass. 



Bust of Zeus r., laur. 



behind, LB [=238—239 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 6.] 

Similar. Nike advancing 1., -vvitli wreath and palm. 

in front, |_B [ = 238—239 a.d.] 

The second group includes the Years 3 and 4, and parts of the Years 2 and 5. 



AKMANTOPAIANOCeVC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type; but bust turned slightly 
towards front, showing paludamentum 
fastened aci'oss chest. 



Similar. 



Similar, with €VC€ 



Similar. 



Similar to No. 760. 



in field, L A [ = 240—241 a.d.] 



Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on tlirone 
with back, liolding patera, and leaning 
on sceptre ; at his feet, eagle 1., looking 
back. 

in field 1., above, [€ [=241—242 a.d.] 

Athena, draped and wearing crested 
helmet, seated 1. on throne with back, 
holding on extended r. Nike r., and 
leaning with 1. on spear ; beside throne, 
shield. 

in front, |_A [=240—241 a.d.] 

Ares, wearing crested helmet, cuirass, 
chlamys and kothornoi, standing to 
front, head 1., leaning with r. on spear, 
and holding in 1. sword in sheath ; in 
front, shield leaning against spear. 

in field, L A [=240—241 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



SU 



Ko.' 


Weight 


Metai, 
Size 


Obvebse 


Eevebse 


1 






Similar, with €VC 


Asklepios, laur. and naked to waist, 
standing 1., holding in extended r. 
patera over garlanded altar, and lean- 
ing with 1. on serpent-staff. 


1 76G 


214-5 


mil. -9 


Similar, with €VC€ 


in field ]., above, |_A [ = 240—241 a.d.] 

Eirene, wearing chiton and peplos, stand- 
ing 1., holding in raised r. olive-branch, 
and in 1. long sceptre, transversely, aud 
gathered drapery. 


767 


190-5 


Bill. -95 




infield, L B [ = 238—239 a.d.] 


768 


203 


Bill. -95 




in field, L r [=239—240 a.d.] 


769 


206 


Bill. -9 


(€VC) 

Similar, with €VC 


in field, L A [=240—241 a.d.] 

Homonoia, draped, standing 1., raising 
her r. hand, and holdiDg double cornu- 
copiae and gathered drapery in 1. 


770 


189-5 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in front, [A [=240—241 a.d.] 

Nike advancing 1., holding wreath in 
raised r. and palm in lowered 1. 


771 


201-5 


Bill. -9 




in front, [T [=239—240 a.d.] 




- 




Similar, with €VC€ 


Nike seated 1., holding wreath and palm. 


772 
773 


164 
176 


Bill. -86 
Bill. -85 


[Plate xc. 7.] 
(€VC) 

Similar, with €VC 


in front, [T [=239—240 a.d.] 
in front, [A [=240—241 a.d.] 

Tyche standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
rudder and cornucopiae. 


77-i 


178-5 


Bill. -9 


Similar, with €VC€ 


in field 1., above, [€ [=241—242 a.d.] 

Nilus, crowned with lotus and naked to 
waist, reclining 1., holding in r. a 
cornucopiae, and in 1. a reed which 
spreads above his head ; his 1. arm 
rests on head of hippopotamus r. 


775 


162-5 


Bill. -95 




in front, [B [=238— 23'9 A.D.] 



512 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Eeverse 








Similar, with €VC 


Wolf r., suckling twins. 


776 


194 


BiJl. -9 


Similar, with €VC€ 


above, L€ [ = 241—242 a.d.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing ]., with head turned 
back. 


777 


193 


Bill. -85 




in field, L B [ = 238—2.39 a.d.] 


778 


204-5 


Bill. -85 


(€VC) 


infield, L r [ = 239—240 a.d.] 


779 


184'5 


Bill. -85 




in field, L A [=240—241 a.d.] 








The third group covers parts of the Years 5 and 6. Note the slight 


t 






change in the iuscr. 


780 


195 


Bill. -95 


AKMANTrOPAIANOC€VC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; but the front of the 
cuirass, instead of being covered by the 
paludamentum, is exposed, displaying 
aegis. 


Bust of Zeus Ammon 1., .with ram's horn, 
wearing head-dress of globe and plumes ; 
himation over r. shoulder, sceptre over 1. 

in front, \S [=242—243 a.d.] 








[Plate xc. 8.] 








Similar, with €V 


Athena seated 1., as on No. 764. ' 


781 ' 


196-5 


Bill. -85 


(type obscure) 


in front, |_€ [ = 241—242 a.d.] 


782 

( 
j 
i 


215 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in front, \S [=242—243 a^d.] 
Homonoia standing 1., as on No. 770. 


783 


198 


Bill. -9 




in front, |_€ [=241— 242 a.d.] 


784 


201 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in front, [S [ = 242—243 a.d.] 
Nike seated 1., as on No. 772. 


785 

i 

i 
1 


169-5 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


in front, |_S" [ = 242—243 a.d.] 

Bust of Nilus r., crowned with lotus, and 
having himation over I. shoulder, coruu- 
copiae over r. 


786 


171 


Bill. -9 




in field, L S [ = 242—243 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



513 



No. 



Weight 



787 



788 



789 



790 



791 



792 



793 



794 



194-5 



197-5 



205 



198 



117 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -8." 



Obverse 



Siniilai'. 



Bill. -9 



204-5 



196-5 



168 



Bill. -9 



Similar, with SV 



Reverse 



Nilus reclining 1., as on No. 775. 
in front, |_€ [=241—242 A.D.] 

Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 777 ff. 
in field, L € [=241—242 A.D.] 



On the fullowing the Ohv. type remains unchanged, hut the inscr. is broken by 
the upper part of the laurel-wreath. 



AKMANXrO PAIANOC€Y 

(from L, upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar. 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 



Zeus seated 1., with eagle at his feet, as 
on No. 763. 

in field 1., above, [S" [ = 242— 243 A.D.] 

[Plate xc. 9.] 

Tyche standing I., as on No. 774. 
in front, [_5 [242—243 A.D.] 

Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 777 ff. 
in field, L 5" [=242—243 a.d.] 



In the next group the inscr. is dioided as on the preceding. But there is a 

change in the Ohv. typie, which reoerts to that found in 

the earliest group of all {Nos. 760 f.). 



AKMANTrO PAIANOC6V 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Gordian 111. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; himation over 1. 
shoulder. 



in field, L Z [=243—244 a.d.] 



Bust of Helios r., radiate ; chlamys about 
shoulders. 

in field, L Z [=243—244 a.d.] 



Bust of Selene v., draped and wearing 
taenia ; in front, large crescent 1. 

behind, [Z [=243—244 a.d.] 

3 u 



514 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obveese 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Sarapis, wearing modius, chiton, and 
himation, standing to front, head r. ; 
leaning with r. on sceptre, and holding 
gathered drapery in 1. 


795 


208-5 


Bill. -9 




in field, L Z [=243—244 A.D.] 


796 


193-5 


Bill. -85 


Similar. 


as preceding. 

Bust of Nilus r., crowned -with lotus ; 
himation over 1. shoulder; in front, 
cornucopiae. 


797 


207-5 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


behind, |_Z [=243—244 a.d.] 

Eagle facing, head r. and wings open, 
holding wreath in its talons. 


798 


199 


Bill. -9 




infield, L Z [=243—244 a.d.] 
IB.M.C, Pl. XXV. 1912.] 








On the two following there is a slight variation in the arrangement of the inscr. 








AKMANTr OPAIANOC€V 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 


Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with scales and cornucopiae. 


799 


185 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in field 1., above, |_Z [=243-244 A.D.] 

Homonoia standing ]., in usual attitude, 
•with double cornucopiae. 


800 


186 


Bill. -85 




in front, [Z [=243—244 a.d.] 








TRANQUILLINA 








Billon 


801 


196 


Bill. -9 


CABTPANKVAA€INAC€B 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Tranquillina r., draped and 
wearing stephane. 

Similar. 


Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 777 ff. 
infield, L5 [ = 212-243 a.d.] 
Homonoia standing 1,, as on No. 800. 


802 


203 


Bill. -95 


[Plate xc. 10.] 


in front, LZ [ = 243-244 A.D.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



515 



No. Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



803 
804 



805 



806 
807 
808 



809 



810 
811 



195 



198 



192 



205-5 

215 

202-5 



206 



168-5 
207 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



PHILIPPUS SENIOR 

Billon 

The hillon coins of Ph'dippus Senior fall into four groups, distingnished from each 
other by the variations in the Ohv. type. The first group covers the Years 1 — 3. 
During this period the inscr., which does not vary, is frequently broken. Some of 

the coins are of good style. 



AKMIOV<t>IAinnOC€VC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., -wearing 
paludamentum and cuirass ; body turned 
slightly tovpards front, displaying aegis 
on breast. 



(<t>iA iniT) 



(* I A) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



(<l>l A) 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Head of Zeus r., laur. ; himation over 1. 
shoulder. 



in field, L A [=244 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 11.] 

in field, L r [=245—246 A.D.] 



Busts, draped, jugate r., of Helios radiate, 
and of Selene vrearing taenia ; in front 
of Selene, crescent 1. 

behind, [T [=245—246 a.d.] 



Athena seated 1. on throne -with back, in 
usual attitude, -with Nike r. and spear ; 
beside throne, shield, "with Gorgoneion. 

in field, L A [=244 a.d.] 

as preceding. 

infield, L B [=244—245 a.d.] 



Asklepios, -wearing himation, standing ]., 
holding with r. patera over lighted 
altar, in 1. serpent-staff and gathered 
drapery. 

in field, •- r [=245—246 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with scales and cornucopiae. 

in field 1., above, L A [=244 a.d.] 

in field 1., above, \V [=245—246 a.d.] 

3 n 2 



516 



EGYPT 



No. 



812 

813 
814 



815 
816 



817 
818 



819 

820 



821 

522 



823 



Weight 



205 

171 
183 



183 
218-5 



201 
216 



198 
195 



191 

192-5 



190 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 

Bill. -85 
Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 
(<t>l A) 

(4>l A) 
(<M A) 

Similar. 
(<l>l A) 

Similar. 
(<t> I A) 

Similar. 

(<t)iA inn) 

Similar. 

(<i>iA inn) 

Similar. 



Obverse 



Rbveese 



Homonoia standing L, in usual attitude, 
■with double cornucopiae. 

in front, [A [=244 A.D.] 

[B.M.G., Pl. X. 1958.] 

in front, [_B [=244— 246 A.D.] 

in front, [T [=245—246 a.d.] 

Nike advancing r., holding -wreath and 
palm. 

in front, |_B [=244—245 a.d.] 

in front, |_r [=245—246 a.d.] 

Tyche standing 1., in usual attitude, -with 
rudder and cornucopiae. 

in field 1., above, |_B [=244—245 a.d.] 

in field 1., above, jT [=245 — 246 a.d.] 

Tyche reclining 1. on garlanded couch, in 
usual attitude, with rudder. 

above, L A [=244 a.d.] 

above, |_r [=245—246 a.d.] 



Sarapis, -wearing chiton, himation and 
modius, standing to front, head r., 
leaning with r. on sceptre, and holding 
gathered drapei-y in 1. 

in field, L A [=244 a.d.] 

iu field, L B [=244—245 a.d.] 

[B.M.C, Pl. XIII. 1980.] 

Nilus, crovmed with lotus and naked to 
waist, reclining 1., holding reed in r. 
and cornucopiae in 1. ; his 1. arm rests 
on head of hippopotamus r. ; in ex., 
crocodile r. 

in field 1., Q- [=245—246 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



517 



No. 



Weight 



824 203 

825 : 179'5 

826 ■ 203-5 



827 



830 
831 



832 
833 



181 



828 i 186 



829 205 



202 
196 



209 
184 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -86 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -85 



Bill, -9 
Bill. -9 



Obvf.ustd 



Reverse 



Similar. 



(<i>iA inn) 



Sirnila 



(<l>l A) 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath ia 
beak", standing 1,, looking back, 

in field, L A [=244 a,d,] 

in field, L B [=2M— 245 a,d.] 

in field, L T [=245—246 a,d,] 



Eagle, with wings closed, standing r, ; 
palm over 1, shoulder. 

in field, L B [=244—245 a.d.] 



In the second group, lehich includes the Tears 4 and 5, there is some variation in 

the last word of the iiiscr., which, however, is always coiitianous. The Emperor's 

portrait is rather different, being more youthful than in the preceding group. 



AKMIOV<|)IAinnOC€VC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., laor. ; 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum : 
chest not shown. 

(€ for €VC) 



Similar. 



Simila 



(€VC€B for €VC) 



Similar. 



(€VC€ for €VC) 



Bust of Zeus Amnion r., wearing ram's 
horn, and head-dress of globe and 
plumes ; over 1. shoulder, himation. 



in front, \£ [=247—248 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

infield, L A [ = 246—247 a.d.] 



Nike running r., holding wreath with both 
hands ; palm over 1. shoulder. 

in front, [A [ = 246—247 a.d,] 

in front, |_€ [=247-248 a,d,] 



Nike seated 1., holding wreath and 
palm, 

in front, [A [=246— 247 A.D.] 

as preceding. 



518 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Nike, holding palm over 1. shoulder, 
standing r., -writing on shield -which 
rests on short column. 


834 


209 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


in field, ^ A [=246—247 A.D.] 
Tyohe reclining 1., as on Nos. 819 f. 


835 

j 


201 


Bill. -95 


(€V for 6VC) 
Similar. 


above, L€ [ = 247—248 A.r..] 

Bust of pantheistic divinity, bearded, r., 
-with himation over 1. shoulder ; he has 
bead radiate, and wears ram's horn 
and hem-hem crown ; over r. shoulder, 
trident and serpent-staff combined ; in 
front, coi'uncopiae of Nilus. 


836 

1 


198-5 


Bill. -9 


(€VC€ for €VC) 

[Plate 

Similar. 


in field, L A [=246—247 a.d.] 
xc. 12,] 

Nilus, crowned with lotus and naked to 
waist, seated 1. on rocks, holding reed 
in r. and cornucopiae in 1. 

A 

in front, L [=246—247 a.d.] 


837 


210 


Bill. -9 










Similar. 


Alexandria, wearing short chiton, chlamys, 
and head-dress of elephant's skin, stand- 
ing to front, head 1., holding ears of 
corn in extended r,, and vexillum and 
gathered drapery in 1. 


838 

1 


205 


Bill. -9 


Similar. 


infield, L A [=246-247 a.d.] 

Alexandria, wearing turreted bead-dress, 
chiton, and peplos, standing to front! 
head L, holding on extended r. small 
bust of Sarapis r. with modius, and 
leaning with 1. on sceptre. 


839 


209 


Bill. -9 




in field, L A [ = 246—247 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 13.] 


840 


214 


Bill. -95 




as preceding. 


841 


209-5 


Bill. -85 


(same die as No. 828) 


in field, L € [ = 247—248 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



519 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 


! 






Similar. 


Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 824 ff. 


842 


189 


Bill. -85 


(€V for €VC) 
Similai'. 


infield, L 6 [=247—248 a.d.] 

Eagle standing r., with palm, as on 

No. 827. 


8-13 


196-5 


Bill. -9 




iu field, L A [ = 246—247 a.d.] 








The third group, which belongs to the Year 6, shows a slighilij 








different portrait. 


844 


196 


Bill. -9 


AKMIOV<t>IAinnOC€VC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass ; body turned towards 
front, stowing plates of cuirass on 
chest. 


Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm. 

in front, |S [=248—249 a.d.] 


; 845 


220 


Bill. -9 


(6V for €VC) 
Similar. 


as preceding. 

Tyche standing ]., as on Nos. 817 f. 


846 


206-5 


Bill. -95 


Similar. 


in field 1., above, [S [=248—249 a.d.] 
[B.M.G., Pl. XI. 1974.] 

Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 


847 


200 


Bill. -85 


(€V for €VC) 


in field, L 5" [=248—249 a.d.] 








[Plate xc. 14.] 








The Obv. tijpe of the last group resembles that used during 
the second period. 








AKMiov<i>iAinnocevc€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Philippus Senior r., laur., as 
on Nos. 828 ff. 


Bust of Hermanubis r., wearing niodius, 
with lotus-flower in front, and having 
hiraation over 1. shoulder ; in front, 
winged caduceus, ending in palm- 
branch. 


84S 


196 


Bill. -9 




behind, ^Z [ = 249 a.d.] 



520 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reviskse 



849 



850 



851 



852 



853 



854 



182 



213-5 



168-5 



173 



214 



186-5 



Bill. -95 



Bill, -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9; 



OTACILIA SEVBBA 
Billon 

The coins of OtaeiUa Seccrd ran be readily cjronped according to the form of the 

Obv. inscr. The Ohv. type does not vary perceptibly. 

The years are those of Philippus. 



MWTC€OVH PAC6MCTPA 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Otacilia Severa r., draped and 
■wearing stepbane. 



Sir 



Similar.' 



MWTC60VH PAC€MCT 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Otacilia Severa r., as on 
preceding-. 



Asklepios standing I., as on No. 809, 
holding patera over altar, and serpent- 
staff'. 

in field, ^ r [=245—246 a.d.J 



Homonoia, standing 1., as on No. 812. 
in front, [jr [=245—246 A.D.] 



Bust of Nilus r., crowned with lotus ; 
himation over 1. shoulder; in front, 
cornucopiae. 



behind. 



|_r [=245—246 A.D.] 



Easebeia, wearing chiton, peplos, and 
veil, standing to front, head 1., sprink- 
ling incense on altar with r., and 
holding incense-box in 1. 

in field 1., above, jA [=246—247 a.d.] 



MCOTCCO V H PAC€MCeT t 

i {»ic, from 1., upwards) 



Similar type. 



Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1., holding 
scales in r. and double cornucopiae in 1. 

in field 1., above, |_€ [=247—248 a.d.] 
[Pla'J'e xc. 15.] 



Bill. -95 



MWTC60VH PAC€MCC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Busts, jugate r., of Helios and Selene, as 
on No. 805, with small crescent 1. in 
front of Selene. 



behind, [Z [ = 249 a.d.] 



* The first part of the inscr. has been tooled so as to read OCTIA, and the coin 
was accepted by Hunter as belonging to Hostilia Severa. 

t The usual termination of the inscr. during the Years 5 and 6 is C€B. During 5 
however, LCT is frequent. It should be noted that blundered legends are rather common 
on the coins of Otacilia of the Year 5 (e.j. B.M.O., p. 261, No. 2017) 



ALEXANDRIA 



621 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



y.DO 



276 



jE 1-3 



856 



198 



Bill. -85 



858 



186-5 
193 



859 



181 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Obverse 



Eeveusb 



Beonze 

Broii::e coins of large module, with the heads of Philippus Senior, Otacilia Seuera, 

and Phih'jjpns Junior, were struck in the Years 5 and 6. There must have 

been some special reason for the revival. 



MWTC€OVHPAC€MC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Otacilia Severa r., draped and 
"wearing stephane. 



Homonoia, draped, standing 1., in usual 
attitude, with double cornucopiae. 



in field, L € [ = 247—2-18 A.D.] 



PHILIPPUS JUNIOR 
Billon 



The coins struch in the name of Philippms as Caesar fall into three groups, two 
of ivhich are represented by Nos. 856 S. and No. 859 respectively.* 



MIOV<t>IAinnOCKC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of PMlippus Junior r., bare- 
headed, wearing cuirass ; body turned 
slightly towards front, showing paluda- 
mentum fastened across chest. 



Athena seated 1., in usual attitude, as on 
Nos. 806 ft'. ; Gorgoneion ou shield. 



Similar. 



infield, L T [ = 245—246 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 16.] 



Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 824 ft", 
in field, L ^ [=244—215 a.d-.] 
in field, L *" [=245—246 a.d.] 



Miov<i>iAinnocKC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; but paludamentum 
thrown back, so as to display aegis 
on breast. 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, seated 
1. on throne with back, holding rudder 
in r. and cornucopiae in 1. 



in field 1., above, |A [=246—247 a.d.] 



* The third (which belongs to the Year 4) reaemblea Nog. 856 S., but the paludamentum 
is not fastened across the chest. For examples see B.M.O., Nos. 2048, 2050, &o. "With reference 
to the occurrence of C€B while PMlippus was only Caesar, see Eckhel, D.N.V., vii., p. 336. 

3 X 



522 



EGYPT 



No. 



860 
861 



862 
863 



864 
865 



8C6 



867 



Weight 



196 
190 



176 



166 



204 
162 



187 



199 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveese 



The coins of I'hilippus Juaini- as ^ Itnpei-utor ' began to he issued 
in the Yrar 4. 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -9 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -85 



AKMIOV<I)IAinnOC€VC 

(from 1., up^Yards) 
Busi of PHlippu.s Jtinior v., laur., 
■wearing cuirass and paludamentum ; 
cbesfc not shown. 



(€V for €VC) 



Similar. 



(€V for €VC) 



Similar. 



(€ for €VC) 



Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double comucopiae. 



in front, j_€ [.■=247—248 A.D.] 
as preceding. 

Homonoia, draped, seated 1., raising r. 
hand, and holding cornucopiae in 1. 

in front, [€ [ = 247 — 248 A.D.] 

infield, L € [ = 247—248 a.d.] 



Hermanubis standing r., Avearing modias 
and himation ; holds caduceus in r. and 
palm in 1. ; at his feet 1., jackal looking 
up at him. 



infield, L € [=247—248 A.n.] 

as preceding. 
[Plate xc. 17.] 



The good siijle of the Ohr. of Xn. 868 is specially noticeable. In. the Year 7 
the Ohr. type iras further caried (B.M.C., No. 2063j. 



Similar ; but back part of cuirass exposed. 



Similar. 



Similai'. 



[Plate xc. 18.] 



Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding patera and sceptre ; 
at his feet eagle 1., looking up. 

infield, L S" [ = 248—219 a.d.] 

Zeus, naked to waist, holding patera and 
sceptre, reclining 1. on back and out- 
stretched wings of eagle, which stands 
1., looking back. 

iu field, beneath, L S [ = 248—219 a.d.] 

Homonoia standing 1., as on Xos. 860 f. 
in front, [5" [ = 248-249 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



523 



No. 



869 



S71 



,S72 



S73 



S7-1- 



Weight 



199 



^70 ISG 



n2-5 



210 



175 



S7.-. I 208 



Mktat. 

SlZK 



Bill. -Oi 



Bill. 8:, 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Obverse 


Reverse 




TRAJANUS DECIUS 




Billon 


The {■uiiif: of Tn 


janm Becins , 


Iwio two varieties of Ohv. type. 


AKrMKTPAIANOCA€KIOC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Trajanus Decius r., laur., wear- 
ing cuirass arid paludamentum. 


Athena, draped and wearing crested hel- 
met, seated 1. on throne with back, 
holding on extended r. Nike r., and 
leaning with 1. on spear. 






infield, L A [=249-250 A.D.] 




[Plate 


\c. 19.] 


Similai'. 




Nike r., holding wreath and palm, 
in field, L A [ = 249—250 A.D.] 


Similav. 




Sarapis, draped and wearing modius, 
standing to front, head r., leaning with 
r. on sceptre, and holding gathered 
drapery in 1. 


(terminal € omitted.) 




in field, L A [=249—250 a.d.] 


Similar. 




Bust of Isis r., draped and wearing 
characteristic head-dress. 


(€V for terminal €) 




in field, L A [=249—250 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 20.] 


Similar. 




Alexandria, draped and turreted, staiiding 
1., raising r. hand, and holding sceptre 
in 1. 


(terminal € omitted.) 




in field, L A [=249—250 a.d.] 


Similar. 




Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L A [=249—250 a.d.] 


AKrMKTPAIANOCA€KIOC€ 

(from ]., upwards) 
Similar type ; but body turned slightly 
towards front, showing upper part of 
cuirass on chest. 


Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1., holding 
scales and cornucopiae. 

infield,'- B [ = 250— 251 A.D.] 



3x2 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



876 



877 



879 



226 



200 



878 199 



213 



880 



211- 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



S im.il ar. 



Eirene, draped, standing 1., holding olive- 
branch in r., and in 1. sceptre trans- 
versely and gathered drapery. 

in field, L B [=250—251 A.D.] 



Elpis, standing ]., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

in field, L B [=250—251 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 21.] 



Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm. 

infield, L B [ = 250-251 a.d.] 



herennia etruscilla 
Billon 



The years on the coins of Etrusdlla and of Herennius Etruscus 
are the years of Deciiis. 



€PKOVnAITPOVCKIAAAC€ 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Herennia Etruscilla r., draped 
and wearing stephane. 



Honaonoia, standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae. 



infield, L ^ [ = 249—250 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 22.] 



HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS 

Billon 



K€P€€TPM€CA€KIOCKAIC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Herennius Etruscus r., bare- 
headed, wearing paludamentum and 
cuirass ; body turned so as to show 
plates of cuirass on back. 



Koma, wearing crested helmet, cuirass, 
chla,mys and kothornoi, standing 1., 
raising r. hand, and holding sceptre and 
gathered drapery in 1. 



in front, |_B [=250—251 a.d.] 
[Pla'ie xc. 23.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



No. 



881 



883 



884 



Weight 



194 



882 170 



163 



153 



150 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -96 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. 1 



Bill. -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



TEKBONIANUS GALLUS 
Bu.LON 



III tliis reiga begins a very notable reduction in the average weight 

of the coins. 



AKrOVIBTP€BrAAAOC€VC€B 

(from 1., iijjwards) 
Bast of Trebonianus Gallus r., laur., 
wearing cuirass ; body turned slightly 
towards front, showing paludamentum 
fastened over chest. 

[Plate xc. 24.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Homonoia, standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopias. 



infield, L T [ = 253—264 a.d.] 



Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm. 

in field, L T [=:::253— 254 a.d.] 



Sarapis, wearing chiton, himation, and 
modias, standing 1., raising r. hand, and 
holding sceptre in 1. 

in field, L r [=253—254 a.d.] 



Eagle standing r., with wings open and 
wreath in beak ; palm over 1. shoulder. 

in front, [T [ = 253-254 a.d.] 



VOLUSIANUS 
Billon 



AKrA<l>rAABBOAOVCIANOC€ 

VC (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Volusianus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



[Plate xc. 25.] 



Bust of Helios r., radiate ; chlamys 
fastened about neck. 



infield, L r [=253—254 a.d.] 



No. 



Weight Mktai. 
Size 



EGYPT 



Obverse 



Reverse 



VALERIANUS SENIOR 



Billon 



Three varieties <if ()hr. type are represented Itere, tlie first being characteristic of the 
Your 1, the second of the Years 2 — 5, the third of the Years 6 aud 7. 



8«G 



891 



l.-i.-. J Bill. -So 



SS7 ' 170 



bs.s 17(; 



Bill. -9 



AKnAIOVAA€PIANOC€V€VC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Valeriamis Senior r., laur., 
"wearing cuirass and paludamentnm. 



Similar ; but body turned towai'ds front, 
paladamentum being thrown back so 
as to displa}' aegis on breast of cuirass. 



Similar. 



Bill. -9 



889 I. -.2 I Bill. -9 



890 ' 1(19 i Bill. '9.5 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



1(;7-.-. I Bill. -9 (AA€ P) 



Similar. 



892 ! KiG-.-, I Hill. -9 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

infield, L '^ [ = 2.-,3— 2.54 A.D.] 



Bust of Helios r., radiate, with chlamys 
fastened about neck. 

in field, L B [ = 2.54—2.55 a.d.] 



Eirene, draped, standing 1., holding olive- 
branch in r.. and sceptre and gathered 
drapery in 1. 

in front, jT [ = 2.5.5 — 25(3 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

in field, L T [ = 255 -256 a.d.] 



Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae. 

in field, L ^ [ = 256-257 a.d.] 



Homonoia, draped, seated 1., raising r. hand, 
and holding double cornucopiae in 1. 



in front, 



U [ = 25.5^-256 A.D.] 



Nike standing to front, head 1., holding 
wreath and palm. 

infield]., y [ = 255-256 A.D.] 

[B.M.C, Vl. IX. 21.S1.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



527 



No. WuiGHT 



803 , 158-5 



805 



896 



897 



898 
899 



900 
901 
902 



903 
904 



Me:tal 
Size 



891. 120 



163 



152 
16-i 



145 

170 



191 
135 
150 



161 
197 



Oevekse 



Revbrsk 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 



[Plate xc. 20.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bill. 


•85 


Bill. 


•9 


Bill. 


■85 


Bill. 


■9 


Bill. 


■9 


Bill. 


•85 


Bill. 


•9 


Bill. 


9 


Bill. 


•8 



Similar. 



Similar ; but paludamentum fastened across 
chest, concealing bi'east o£ cuirass and 



(A A €PJ 



Similar. 



(AA €P) 
(AA €P) 

Similar. 
(AA 6P) 



[Plate xc. 27.] 



Nike advancing r., liolding wreath, and 
palm. 

in field, L A [=256—257 a.d.] 



Bust of Savapis 1., draped, wearing modias 
with floral ornament. 

in field, L € [=257—258 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath iu 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

m field, L r [ = 255—256 a.d.] 



Similar ; but wings closed, 
infield, L A [ = 256—257 a.d.] 
infield, L € [ = 257—258 a.d.] 

Bust of Zeus r., laur. ; himation over 1. 
shoulder. 

infield, L 5 [=258—259 a.d.] 

iu field, L Z [=259—260 a.d.] 

Alexandria, draped and turreted, standing 
1., holding on outstretched r. small bust 
of Sarapis r., wearing niodius, and 
leaning with 1. on sceptre. 

in field, L 5 [ = 258—259 a.d.] 
in field, L Z [=259—260 a.d.] 
as preceding. 

Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 896 f. 
in field, L 9 [=258—259 a.d.] 
in field, L Z [ = 259—260 a.d.] 



* The break in the inscr, seems to be specially characteristic of the Year V. 



0-28 



EGYPT 



No. 



!)0."i 



906 



907 



908 



909 



910 



911 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



191 



165-5 



157 



152 



170-. 



17 i 



138 



Bill. '9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



GALLIENUS 



BlLLON 



The long reign of GaUteims slows an unusiialli/ large number of groups, 
slight changes being frequent on the Ohv. The years are those of Valerianus. 



AKnAIOVrAAAIHNOC€V€VC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bnst of G allien us r., laur., weariug 
cuirass and paludamentum; body turned 
towards front, showing paludamentum 
fastened across chest. 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bust of Zeus r., laur. ; himation over 1. 
shoulder. ■ 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 

(inscr. blundered ?) 

Similar. 



infield, L r [ = 255—256 A.D.] 

Eirene standing L, as on No. 888. 
in front, [T [ = 255 — 256 A.D.] 

Elpis standing 1,, as on No. 889. 
in front, L T [ = 2.55—256 a.d.] 

Homonoia, seated I, as on No. 891. 

in front, \r [ = 255— 256 A.D.] 
(No. !I0H is double-struck.) 



Nike standing to front, as on No. S92. 



[Plate xc. 28.] 



Bill, -s: 



Bill. '9 



Similar. 



Tyche, di-aped and wearing modius, seated 
1. on throne with back, holding inidder 
and cornucopiae. 

in field 1., above, |_A [ = 256— 257 a.d.] 



Alexandria, draped and turreted, standing 
1., raising r. hand, and holding sceptre 
and gathered drapery in 1. 

in field, L ^ [ = 253—254 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



529 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



912 



913 



914 
915 



916 



917 



918 



919 



172 



174-5 



189 



170 



170 



Similar. 



Bill. -85 



164 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



183 Bill. -9 



Bill. -95 



169 



VOL. III. 



Bill. -9 



Similar, -with FAAAIANOC in inscr. 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 896 f. 
in field, L A [=266—257 A.D.] 

Nike r., as on No. 893. 

in field, L S [=258—259 a.d.] 

Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 896 f. 
in field, L S [=258—259 a.d.] 
infield, L Z [=259—260 a.d.] 



A marked change now takes place, both in Oho. inscr. and in Obv. type. 
On tJie word €NATOV, see supra, p. 423, footnote. 



Similar to preceding. 



AVTKnAIKrAAAIHNOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type, with paludamentum 
throv^n back, displaying cuirass on 
chest. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bust of Zeus r., laur., himation over 1. 
shoulder. 



in front, L ; around, from 1. upwards, 
€NA TOV [=261—262 a.d.] 



Athena, draped and wearing crested hel- 
met, seated 1. on throne with back, 
holding Nike r. on extended r., and 
leaning with 1. on spear ; beside throne, 
shield with Gorgoneion. 

behind, L ; in front, upwards, € N ATO 
V [=261—262 A.D.] 



Nike standing to front, as on No. 892. 
in field 1., LJH [=260—261 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1. 

in field 1., LH [=260—261 a.d.] 

[Plate xc. 29.] 

3 Y 



530 



EGYPT 



No. 



920 



921 



922 



923 



924 



925 



926 



Weight 



Metai 
Size 



179 



Bill. -9 



Oeveesi! 



Similar. 



Eeverse 



Similar ; but wings closed, and palm over 
r. shoulder. 

beliiud, L ; in front, upwards, €NATO 
V [=2G1— 263 A.D.] 



Henceforioard the variations in tlie Obv. type are annual. 



171 



148 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Similar; but paladamentum over chest, 
as on Nos. 905 ff. 



Similar. 



184-5 



Bill. -95 



Similar. 



Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae. 

infield, L I [=262—263 a.d.] 



Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 896 f. 
in field, L I [=262—263 a.d.] 



Laurel-wreath, enclosing A€KA 
€THPI 
CKV 
PIOV 

[=262—263 A.D.] 
[Plate xc. 30.] 



162 



Bill. '9 



•95 



149 



Bill. -85 



AVTKnAIKrAAAIHNOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bast of Gallienus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; chest not 
shown. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



147 



Bill. -9 



927 195 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 



Bust of Zeus r., laur. ; himation over 1. 
shoulder. 



in field, |_^ A [=263—264 a.d.] 



Tyche standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
rudder and cornucopiae. 

in front,- A_IJ [ = 263—264 a.d.] 



Canopus r. on stand, wearing head-dress 
of ram's horns, uraei, disk, and cap 
between plumes ; in front, palm. 

behind, U_A [ = 263—264 a.d.] 



Eagle r., with wings open and wreath 
beak. 

in front, QA [=263— 264 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



631 



No. 



Weight 



928 



929 



930 



931 



932 



933 



934 



935 



164 



150 



168-5 



151 



14.-1-5 



171 



148 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -9 



The palm, an alluitlon to the ' decennaUa ' (see supra, p. 499), had appeared 

occasionally during the two preceding years {e.g. No. 926). It now 

hecomes a regular adjunct. 



Similar ; but body turned towards front, 
and paludamentuni thrown back, dis- 
playing cuirass. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar to Kos. 924 S. 



Bill. -85 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Athena, draped and wearing crested hel- 
met, standing to front, head 1., leaning 
■with r. on spear and with 1. on shield, 
on front of which is Gorgoneion; to r., 
palm. 

tol., l^B [=264—265 a.d.] 

[B.M.G., Pl. IV. 2164.] 

IB 

to 1., L [=264—265 a.d.] 



Horaonoia, draped, seated L, raising r. 
hand, and holding double cornucopiae ; 
behind, palm. 

in front, '^ [=264—265 a.d.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, seated 
1. on throne with back, holding rudder 
and cornucopiae ; behind, palm. 

in front, [\B [ = 264— 265 A.D.] 



Eagle standing to front, head 1., support- 
ing on its outstretched wings the two 
ends of a wreath ; to r., palm. 

within wreath, QB [=264—265 a.d.] 
[Plate xc. 31.] 

Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae; behind, palm. 

in front, Qf [=265-266 a.d.] 



Nike standing to front, as on No. 892. 
infield, L ir [=265—266 a.d.] 

Eagle standing r., with wings closed and 
wreath in beak ; over 1. shou.lder, palm. 

infield, L ir [=265—266 a.d.] 

3 Y 2 



532 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvebsb 



Reverse 



936 



937 



938 



939 



940 



941 



942 



943 



170-6 



163 



148 



131 



161-5 



125-5 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



151-5 



167 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 



Similar to Nos. 928 ff. ; but ouly upper 
part of cuirass visible. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar ; but paludamentum drawn across 
chest.* 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Sim.ilar. 



Similar. 



Similar to No. 933. 

in front, [JA [ = 266—267 A.D.] 



Nike advancing r., holding in her hands 
ends of untied -wreath ; over 1. shoulder, 
palm. 

in front, [_|A [=266—267 a.d.] 



Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 896 f . ; to 
r., palm. 

infront, IJA [ = 266—267 A.u.] 



Bust of Helios r., radiate, chlamys about 
neck ; in front, palm. 

infield, L le [ = 207-268 a.d.] 



Bust of Selene r., draped ; hair in knot on 
top of head ; in front, large crescent 1. 

behind, l'€ [=267—268 a.d.] 



Harpokrates standing to front, head r., 
wearing himation, hem-hem crown, and 
kothornoi ; holds doubtful object in r. 
and vase in 1. ; at his feet 1., Paniskos 
with goat's feet, standing to front, 
head r., holding pedum in r. ; to r., 
palm. 

in field, lI € [=267—268 a.d.] 

IB.M.a, Pl. xvii. 2213.] 

Eagle standing 1., as on Nos. 896 f. ; to 
r., palm. 

in front, l'€ [=267—268 a.d.] 



Similar ; but type r. 

behind, |J€ [=267—268 a.d.] 
[Plaie xci. ].] 

* On some specimens this last feature is doubtful. 



ALEXANDRIA 



533 



No. 



944 



945 
946 
947 

948 



Wei&ht 



949 



950 
951 



952 



174 



188 
154 
173 
181-5 



162 



953 



Metal 
Size 



186 
157-5 



127 



Bill. -95 



Bill. 


-9 


Bill. 


•9 


Bill. 


•85 


Bill. 


•9 



Bill. -9 



144 



Obverse 



IIeveebe 



SALONIKA 



Billon 



The coins of Saloiiina and of Saloninus naturally follow the reckoning of (Valerianus 

and) Gallieims. The former show two main varieties of Ohv. type. 

From the Year 12 onwards the palm is a regular 

adjunct, as with Qallienus. 



KOPNHAIACAAWN€INAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Salonina r., draped and -wearing 
stepliane. 



Similar. 



Bill. 


1 


Bill. 


-85 


Bill. 


•96 


Bill. 


•85 



[Plate xci. 2.] 



Similar ; but drapery arranged so that 
more of neck and shoulders is exposed. 



Similar. 



[Plate xci. 3.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm. 

infield, L 9 [ = 258—259 a.d.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L A [=256—257 a.d.] 

infield, L^ [ = 257—258 a.d.] 

in field, L S [ = 258—259 a.d.] 

in field, L Z [ = 259—260 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1., holding 
scales and cornuoopiae. 

in field 1., above, [JA [=263— 264 a.d.] 



Homonoia, draped, seated 1., raising her r. 
hand, and holding double cornuoopiae. 

in front, [_I_A [=263—264 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



Athena seated 1., as on No. 917 ; behind, 
palm. 

in front, ^ [ = 264—265 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne, standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with scales and cornuoopiae. 

in field 1., above, [\r [=265—266 a.d.] 



53i 



EGYPT 



No. 



954 
955 



956 
957 
958 



959 



960 



961 



Weight 



962 



167 
156 



143 -5 

133 

149 



142 



176 



153 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 1 
Bill. -85 



963 
964 



166-5 
153 



Bill. -95 
Bill. -9 
Bill. -85 



Bill. 



Bill. -9 



152 Bill. -85 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -85 



Slmila 



Similar, 



Simil 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Simil a 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Eirene, draped, standing 1., holding olive- 
branch in r. and sceptre transversely in 
]. ; in front, palm. 

behind, 'j^ [:^264— 265 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower ; in front, palm. 



behind. 



IB 

L 
lA 
L 
l€ 



behind, '," [=264—265 a.d.] 



behind, '^ [=266—267 a.d.] 



[=267—268 A.D.] 



Tyche, standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
rudder and cornucopiae ; behind, palm. 

iu field 1., above, ^JA [=266—267 a.d.] 



Tyche reclining 1. on garlanded couch, in 
usual attitude, holding rudder ; in ex., 
palm r. 

above, L lA [=266—267 a.d.] 



Bust of Isis r., draped, wearing character- 
istic head-dress ; in front, palm. 

in field, [_ ^ [ = 266—267 a.d.] 

[B.3I.C., Pl. XVI. 2268.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back ; in 
front, palm. 

behind, [Jf [=265—266 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1. ; behmd, palm. 

in front, |JA [ = 266—267 a.d.] 

in front, '|^ [ = 266—267 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



535 



No. 



965 



966 

967 



968 



969 



970 



971 



972 
973 



Weight 



15-1 



156 
142 



165 



163-5 



166-5 



171 



176-5 
176-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 



Bill. 95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -8 
Bill. -95 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar ; but type r. 

in front, |_l€ [=267—268 a.d.] . 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1. ; palm over r. shoulder. 

in field, Q € [=267—268 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



VALEEIANUS (elder son of Gallienus)* 
Billon 



nA I K KOPOVAA€ PIANOCKAIC 

C€B (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Valerianus r., bare-headed, 
wearing cuirass and paladamentum ; 
body turned towards front, showing 
chest, with paludamentum across it. 



Similar. 



Homonoia standing 1., as on No. 933: 
no palm. 



infield, L^ [ = 256—257 a.d.] 



Tyche standing 1 , as on No. 959. 
in field, •- € [=257—258 a.d.] 



SALONINUS 

Billon 



nOAIKOPCAOVAA€PIANOCKC 

€B (from 1., upwards) 

Similar bust of Saloninus ; but chest 
not shown. 



Bust of Zeus r., laur. ; himation over 1. 
shoulder. 



infield, L [=258—259 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 4.] 



nOAIKOPCAOVAAGPIANOCKC 

gg (from 1., upwards) 

Similar type ; but chest shown, with 
paludamentum fastened across. 



Similar. 



Nike 1., holding wreath and palm. 

infield, L Z [=259—260 a.d.] 

Eagle, with wings clospd and wreath iu 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L Z [=259-260 a.d.] 

infield, L S [ = 259—260 a.d.] 



* See Dattari, in Riv. Hal., 1902, pp. 19 iJ., and also K. Regling, in Wochenschrift f. Kltiif 
Philol. 1904 pp. 610 fE, The years on thp coiijs of both princes are those of Gallienijs. 



536 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



974 



168 



975 



169 



976 



162 



977 



169-5 



978 



979 



139 



138 



Metal 
Size 



liill. -85 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8.5 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



MACRIANUS JUNIOR 
Billon 



AKT<l>IOVNMAKPIANOC€C€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Macrianus Junior r., laur., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum ; 
body turned slightly towards front, 
showing cuirass on chest. 



Similar. 



[Plate xcl 6.] 



Nike standing to front, head 1., holding 
wi'eath and palm. 



infield]., |_A [=261 A.D.] 



Eagle standing 1., -with wings open and 
wreath in beak. 

infield!., |_A [=261 a.d.] 



CLAUDIUS II. 
Billon 



Two i-arieties of Obverse are here represented. If these indicate successive 

stages, then there leas a change in the course of the Year 2, 

and again in the course of the Tear 3. 



AVTKKAAV AIOCC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Claudius 11. r., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Similar 



(KAA VA) 



[Plate xci. 6.] 



Poseidon, naked, standing ]., his r. foot 
supported by a dolphin ; holds sword (?) 
in r., and leans with 1. on trident. 

infield, L B [=268—269 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. II. 2307.] 

Ares, wearing crested helmet, cuirass, and 
kothornoi, standing 1., leaning with r. 
on spear, and holding in 1. sword in 
sheath and chlamys. 

in field, L B [=268—269 a.d.] 

[B.M.C., Pl. IV. 2311.] 

Elpis standing L, in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

in field, L A [ = 268 a.d.] 

in field, L B [=268—269 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



637 



No. 



980 
981 



Weight 



149-5 

U2 



982 129 



983 : 115-5 

984 ' 152 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -9 
Bill. -9 



Bill. -sr. 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -9 



985 ' 125-5 Bill. -85 



986 : 139-5 



987 
988 



989 



990 



153 

158-5 



136-5 



Bill. -75 

Bill. -75 
Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 



132 



Bill. -86 



Obvkrse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



(KAA VA) 



Similar. 



AVTKKAA VAIOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; but body towards front, 
showing chest, with upper part of 
cuirass. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm. 

in field, L A [=268 a.d.] 

in field, L B [=268—269 a.d.] 



Harpocrates, with Paniskos at his feet 1., 
as on No. 941. 

in field, L B [=268—269 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r., looking back. 

in field r., |_A [ = 268 a.d.] 

in field r., L B [ = 268—269 A.D.] 



Similar type ; but eagle looks forward, 
and holds palm over r. shoulder. 

in field, L B [=268—269 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne, draped, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding scales in r. and 
double cornucopiae in 1. 



in field 1., above, \R [=268—269 A.u.] 

Nike advancing, with wreath and palm, 
typer. ; in front, | B [=268—269 a.d.] 
type 1. ; in front, same date. 



Bast of Hermanubis r., wearing modius 
with lotus-petal in front, and having 
himation over r. shoulder ; in front, 
winged caduceus, ending in palm. 

behind, |_B [=268—269 a.d.] 

[Plate xci. 7.] 



Busts, jugate r., of Nilus, crowned with 
lotus and having cornucopiae on r. 
shoulder, and of Euthenia, wearing 
corn-wreath and chiton. 

in front, |_B [=268—269 a.d.] 

3 z 



538 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



991 



150-5 



992 



123-5 



993 



994 



184. 



14(; 



995 



134-, 



996 



997 



137-5 
138-5 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -86 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -8 
Bill. -85 



Obverse 



Revekse 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar to Nos. 976 ff. 



Similar. 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

infield, L B [ = 268—269 A.D.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head r. ; on 
either side, vexillum. 

above, LB [=268—269 a.d,] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r., looking back. 



in field, 



r [ = 269—270 A.D.] 



Similar ; but eagle looks forward, and has 
palm over 1. shoulder. 

in field, •- r [ = 269—270 a.d.] 



QULXTILLUS 

Billon 

AKMAKAKVIN TIAAOCC€B Similar to No. 994. 

(from I., upwards) 1 
Bust of Qiiintillus r., laur., wearing ! 
cuirass and paludaraeiitum, ', 

I infield, L A [ = 270 a.d.] 



AURELI.VN AND VABALLATHUS 

Billon 

The following, which iill_ belong to the brief period of union between Borne and 
Palmyra, are dated by the years of Aurelian and of Vaballathus, son of Zenobia. 
Two distinct series 'wore issued contemporaneously . They are differentiated by 
slight differences in the Obv. and Bev. inscr., and cdso by the manner of placing the 
the date on the Obr. Series I. shows two groups. 



Series I. 



AVTKAAAVPHAIANOCC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Aurelian r,, laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body turned 
slightly towards front, showing paluda- 
mentum over chest ; in field, date. 

L A [=270 A.D.] 

L A [=270 A.D.] 



IACOVABAAAA0OCAOHNOV 
AVTCPW (from 1., upwards) 

Bust of Vaballathus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body turned 
slightly towards fi'ont, showing paluda- 
mentum over chest ; in fijeld, date. 

L A 

L A 



ALEXANDRIA 



639 



No. 



Weight 



998 



163 



999 
1000 
1001 
1002 
1003 



ijis-:. 

163-0 
148 
154 
174 



Metal 
Size 



1004 



114 



1005 



135-. 



Bill. -85 



Bill. 
Bill. 
Bill. 
Bill. 
Bill. 



85 
85 
85 
8 



Bill. -75 



Bill. '8 



Obverse 



Similar. 

L B [ = -270— 271 A.D.] 



Revebse 



Similar ; but chest not shown. 
L € 
[Plate xci. 8.] 



Series II. 



AKAAOMAVPH AlANOCCeB 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; iu front, date. 

•-A [ = 270 A.D.] 

^B [ = 270—271 A.D.] 

•- B [ = 270—271 A.D.] . 

■- B [ = 270—271 A.D.] 

•- B [ = 270—271 A.D.] 



IACOVABAAAAeOCA0HNVAC 

P (from 1., upwards) 

Similar to Nos. 996 f. 

L A 

L € 

L € 

L € 

L € 



[Plate xoi. 9.] 

ZENOBIA 
Billon 

At some date suhsequent to March 11th, 271 a.d.,* Zenobia and Vaballathus hrolce 

definitely loith Aurelian, Vaballathus assuming the title of Augustus.f Zenobia also 

struch coins with the year of Vaballathus. The Obv. of No. 1004 

has been tooled. 



C€nTIMIAIHNOBIAC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Busts of Zenobia r., draped and wear- 
ing stephane. 



Elpis standing 1., in usaal attitude, with 
flower. 



in field. 
[Plate xci. 10.] 



L € [=271 A.D.] 



cenriMZH nobiac€b 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae. 

in front, [6 [=271 a.d.] 



* See Von Rohde, iu Pauly-Wissowa, Real-Hncyclop., vol. v., 1360. 

I For coins, see B.M.C., p. Sllj No. 2397, and Dattari, Catalogo, p. 366, Nos. 5508 ff. 



3 z 2 



540 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obveese 



Reverse 



1006 ' 122 

1007 167-5 



1008 : 150 



1009 



146-5 



1010 149 



1011 164-5 



Bill. 
Bill. 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -86 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 



AUBELIAN 
Billon 

Aurelian hastened to assert his right, and was speedily victorious. To judge from 
Nos. 1006 and 1013, he had recovered Alexandria hefore the end of August, 
271 A.D.* A successful campaign in the east followed, and it is doubtless this 
that is commemorated on Nos. 1018 and 1025 infra. His coins as sole ruler, 
precisely lilce those striicl; in association with Vaballathus, fall into tieo parallel 
series, differentiated hy the form of the Ohv. inscr. At first the two series icere 
struck contemporaneously. f But the issue of Series I. seems to have ceased after 
the Year 5. Within the series successive groups can, as usual, be distinguished. 



Sc 



AVTKAAAVPHAIANOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Aurelian r., laur., -wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body tux-ned 
towards front, showing paludamentum 
across chest. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



I. 



Eirene, draped, standing 1., in usual 
attitude, with olive-branch and trans- 
verse sceptre. 



infield, LB [ = 271 A.D.] 

in front, [T [ = 271—272 a.d.] 

Nike advancing r., -with wreath and palm, 
in front, [f [ = 271—272 a.d.] 



Wolf r., suckling t-vvins. 
above, LT [ = 271—272 a.d.] 



Alexandria, -svearing chiton, himation, and 
turreted head-dress, standing 1., holding 
on extended r. small bust of Sarapis r. 
with modius, and leaning with 1. on 
sceptre. 



in front, |_r [=271- 
[Plate xci. 11.] 

I .as preceding. 



72 A.D.] 



* Von Eohde, I.e., p. 1381. 



ALEXANDRIA 



S41 



No. 



1012 



1013 
lOU 



1016 



1018 



1019 



1020 
1021 



Weight 



158-3 



Ul-5 
170-5 



1015 157-5 



143-5 



1017 133 



147 



131-0 



116-5 
161 



Metal 
Size 



Obvkbsr 



iSimilar. 



Bill. -8;^ 



Similar. 



Bill. -8 
Bill. -9 
Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -85 



Similar; but cliest n(it, .shown. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Eeverse 



Emperor, in military dress, riding slo-\v]y 
r. on liorse with trappings on head and 
chest ; he raises r. hand, and holds 
long sceptre in 1. 

in front, [T [=271—272 A.D.] 



Eagle, -with -wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L B [ = 271 A.D.] 

infield, L F [=271—272 a.d,] 

as preceding. 

Dikaiosyne standing 1., in usual attitude, 
in front, |_A [ = 272— 273 A.B.] 

Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
in front, |_A [=272—273 a.d.] 

Emperor, in military dress, standing 1., 
leaning with 1. on spear, and holding 
on extended r. Nike r. on globe; at his 
feet, 1. and r., two captives seated back 
to back, wearing Phrygian caps and 
ha-ving hands bound behind them. 

in field, L A [=272—273 a.d.] 

[Plate xci. 12.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r., looking back. 

in field, L A [=272—273 a.d.] 



Similar type ; but eagle looks forward, 
and has palm over 1. shouldei;. 

infield, L A [=272—273 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



542 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Keveese 



1022 



138 



1023 



166 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -8 



Similar. 



Eagle, with -wings open and wreath iu 
beak, standing to front, head r. ; on 
either side, vexillum. 

above, L A [=272—273 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 13.] 



Same inscr. Similar type ; but body 
turned to front, showing chest with 
cuirass displayed. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing r. ; behind, star.* 



front. 



[ = 273—274 A.D.] 



Series II. 



1024 



133-, 



1025 



163-5 



1026 



164-5 



1027 



168-. 



Bill, -y 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -9 



AKAAOMAVPHAIANOCC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Aurelian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body tamed 
slightly towards front, displaying cuirass 
on chest. 



Bill. -9 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Athena, wearing crested helmet, chiton, 
and peplos, seated 1. on throne with 
back, holding on extended r. Nike r., 
and leaning with 1. on spear; beside 
throne, shield. 

in field, L A [=272—273 a.d.] 



Emperor, in military dress, galloping ]•. 
on horseback, thrusting spear into body 
of prostrate foe. 

above horse's tail, L A [=272 — 273 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 14.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
talons, standing r., looking back; in 
front, above, star. 

in front, [_A [=272—273 a.d.] 



Eagle standing L, with wings closed and 
wreath in beak ; behind, above, star. 

A 

in front, L [=272—273 a.d.] 



■ The appearance of a star in the field should be noted. It is found also in some later 
reigns, and recalls a similar phenomenon at a much earlier period (see supra, Nos. 39 &c 
112 Ac, 131 Ac, 222 Ac, 2fiOf.). Dattari's suggestion that it is a mint-mark here (Riv. Ital' 
XVI., 13. 318) requires confirmation. 



ALEXANDRIA 



543 



No. 



Weight 



1028 



1029 



1030 



1031 



103-2 



1033 



1034 



1035 



1036 



llG-5 



170-5 



137 



107-5 



104 



108-5 



114-, 



128 



125 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -8^ 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -8^ 



Bill. -S 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -9 



Bill. -85 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar type r., -witli wings open ; behind, 
above, star. 

in front, |_A [ = 272—273 A.D.] 



Similar ; but wings closed, and palm over 
1. shoulder ; no star. 

infield, L r [=271—272 a.d.] 



Tyche, draped and wearing modius, re- 
clining 1. on garlanded couch, holding 
rudder in r., and supporting her head 
with 1. 

above, L€ [ = 273—274 a.d.] 



Laurel- wreath, containing date. 
L€ [=273-274 a.d.] 



In the course of the Tear 5 the custom of writing €TOVC for L 
%Bas introduced. 



Similar. 

€TOVC [ = 273-274 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with usu-al attri- 
butes. 

to 1. upwards, €TOVC ; in field r., 

<g [ = 274—275 A.D.] 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm, 
date as on preceding. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, bead r. 

to 1. upwards, €TOVC ; in field r., € 

[ = 273—274 A.D.] 

as preceding ; but to 1.., above, star. 
[PLA'rE xci. 15.] 



544 



EGYPT 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar. 


Eagle, -with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing L, looking back. 


1037 


127-5 


Bill. -8 


Similar. 


to 1. upwards, €TOVC ; in field r., S 

[ = 274—275 A.D.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r. ; palm over 1. shoulder. 


1038 


104 


Bill. -8 




date as on preceding. 








SEVERINA 








Billon 








ScrerliKi's coins naturally follow the regnal years of Anrelian. 


1039 


118-5 


Bill. -85 


OVAn C€VH PINA C€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Severina r., draped and wearing 
stephane. 

Similar. 


Dikaiosyne standing ]., with usual attri- 
butes. 

to 1. -upwards, €TOVC ; in field r., S 

[-274 275 A.D.] 

Similar to No. 1037. 


1040 


124-5 


Bill. -85 


[Plate xci. 16.] 
Similar. 


to 1. upwards, €TOVC ; in field v., S 

[=274 275 A.D.] 

Similar to No. 1038. 


1041 


100-5 


Bill. -So 




date as on preceding. 








1 
TACITUS 








Billon 








1 

The use of €TOVC lasted through the brief reign of Tacitus. 


1042 


141 


Bill. -85 


AKKATAKI TOCC€B 

(from 1., up-wards) 
Bust of Tacitus 1., laur., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentum ; chest slio-wn. 

Similar. 


Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
fiower. 

on 1. upwards, €TOVC; in field r., A 
[=275—276 A.D.] 

Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm. 


1043 


134 


Bill. -8 


[Plate xci. 17.] 


date as on preceding. 



ALEXANDRIA 



545 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Betebse 



1044 
1045 



1046 



1047 



1048 



1049 



1050 



1051 
1052 



107 
114-5 



109 



105-5 



149 



106 



118 



121 
137 



Bill. -8 
Bill. -8 



Bill. -86 



Bill. -86 



Bill. -95 



Bill. -7 



Bill. -7.: 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -75 



Similar. 



Eagle standing, with wings closed and 
■wreath in beak, looking back. 

date as on preceding ; type r. 

date as on preceding ; type 1. 



PROBUS 
Billon 



The Ohv. type remains unchanged throughout the reign of Prohus. The slight 
variations in the inscr. hardly justify any attempt at classification. 



AKMAVPnPO BOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Probus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body turned 
slightly towards front, displaying cuirass 
on chest. 



Similar. 



(HP OB) 

Similar. 

(HP OB) 

Similar. 

(np OB) 

Similar. 



Similar. 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with usual attri- 
butes. 



beneath scales, [B [=276—277 A.D.] 



Eirene standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
olive-branch and long sceptre. 

in front, |_r [277—278 A.D.] 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

in front, ^ [=276—277 A.D.] 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm, 
in front, ^ [=279—280 A.D.] 

Tyche standing 1., with usual attributes. 
in field 1., above, [T [ = 277— 278 A.D.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L € [-279-280 a.d.] 

in field, L 5" [ = 280—281 a.d.] 

4 A 



546 



EGYPT 



No. 



1053 
1054 



1055 



1056 
1057 



1058 
1059 
1060 



1061 
1062 



1063 
1064 



Weisht 



101-5 
89 



116 



12,: 



120 



121-5 
120-5 
141 



104 
115 



122 
113 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -85 
Bill. -75 



Obverse 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -75 
Bill. -75 



Similar. 

(HPOB) 

(np OB) 

Similar. 



Bill. 


■75 


Bill. 


-7 


Bill. 


-75 



Similar. 

en ROB) 

(HP OB) 

Similar. 
(HP OB) 

(np OB) 

(HP OB) 



[Plate xci. 18.] 



Reverse 



Similar ; but type r. 

infield, L B [=276—277 A.D.] 

in field, L € [=279—280 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L A [=278—279 a.d.] 



Eagle, with, wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing r. 

infield, L 5" [=280—281 a.d.] 

in field, L Z [=281—282 a.d.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1. ; palm over I. shoulder. 

in field, L A [ = 276 a.d.] 

in field, L r [=277—278 a.d.] 

infield, L A [=278—279 a.d.] 



CARDS 

Billon 

The coins of Cants fall into two obvious groups, (he second issued after his death. 



Bill. -75 
Bill. -8 



Bill. -7 
Bill. -75 



AKMAKA POCC€B 

(from I., upwards) 
Bust of Carus r., lanr., wearing 
cuirass and paludanientum ; body turned 
slightly to front, showing paludamentum 
fastened over chest. 



Similar. 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with usual attri- 
butes. 



in field 1., above, lA [=282—283 a.d.] 
as preceding. 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r. ; palm over 1. shoulder. 

in field, L A [ = 282—283 a.d.] 

as preceding. 



ALEXANDRIA 



547 



No. 



Weight 



1065 



1066 



1067 



1068 



1069 



1070 



1071 



Metal 
Size 



122 



130 



117 



148 



111 



112 



115 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -7 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -76 



Bill. -75 



Obverse 



eeCOKA POJC€B (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Cams r., laur. 



Reverse 



Eagle standing three-quarter face towards 
]., vfith wings open, head r. ; around, 
from 1. upwards, A0 1 € PWCIC 



[Plate xci. 19.] 



Similar. 



Circular altar, lighted, resting on base of 
three stages, and decked with garland ; 
to 1. above, star; around, from 1. 
upwards, A<|>I6 PWCIC 

[B.M.G., PL. XXX. 2446.] 



CARINUS 

Billon 

Carinus on Ms earlier coins appears as Caesar only, using the years of Garus. 



AKMAKA PINOCK 

(from ]., upwards) 
Bust of Carinus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body 
turned slightly towards front, showing 
cuirass on chest. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm. 



in field, L A [=282—283 a.d.] 

Tyche standing L, with usual attributes, 
in field 1., above, |_A [=282—283 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head r. ; on 
either side, vexillum. 

above, LA [=282—283 a.d.] 



Even after Ms accession he employs the regnal years of Cams. 



AKMAKA PINOCC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

infield, L B [=283—284 a.d.] 



Similar. 



In the course of the Year 3 the use of €TOVC for L was revived. 



Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double cornucopiae. 

to 1., upwards, CTOVC ; in field r., P 

[=284—285 A.D.] 

4 A 2 



548 



EGYPT 



No. 



1072 



1073 



1074 
1075 



1076 



1077 



1078 



Weight 



95-5 



104 



113 
113 



129 



115-5 



121-, 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 
Bill. -8 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -8 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Simila 



Reverse 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm. 
date as on preceding. 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing L, looking back. 



date as on preceding. 
[Plate xcr. 20.] 



Nr.MERIANUS 

Billon 



The coins of Numen'mnis are dated according to the years of Cams. 
At first he appears as Caesar only. 



AKMANOVM €PIANOCKC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Numerianus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 

(inscr. continuous) 



Similar. 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with usual attri- 
butes. 



in field r., above, LA [=282—283 A.D.] 
as preceding ; behind, star. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing to front, head r. ; on 
either side, vexillum ; above eagle's 
head, star. 

above, L A [=282—283 a.d.] 



On the coins of the Years 2 and 3, Numerianus appears as Augustus, 6TOVC 
- heing used for L during the latter year.* 



AKMANOVM €PIANOCCeB 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar. 



Athena, wearing oi-ested helmet, chiton, 
and peplos, seated 1. on throne with 
back, holding on extended r. Nike r., 
and leaning with 1. on sceptre ; beside 
throne, shield with Gorgoneion ; behind, 
star. 

in field, L B [=283—284 a.d.] 



Nike advancing r,, with wreath and palm, 
infield, L B [ = 283—284 a.d.] 



* No. 1082 is an exception, which can be readily explained by considerations of space. 



ALEXANDRIA 



549 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvkrse 



1079 



129 



Bill. -Ih 



lOSO 



114 



Bill. -75 



1081 



128 



Bill. -75 



1082 



118 



Bill. -75 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Revekse 



Similar to No. 1076 ; no star, 
above, LB [=283—284 a.d.] 



Eirene standing 1., with olive-branch and 

transverse sceptre. 

to 1., upwards, €TOVC ; in field r., P 
[=284 A.D.] 



Nike advancing r., -with wreath and palm, 
date as on preceding. 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back ; to 1. 
upwards, A€rBTPAI 



i behind, |_r [=284 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 21.] 



1083 



I 1084 



111 



Bill. -8 



106 



Bill. -8 



diocletian 

Billon 

The coins of Diocletian fall into two main groups, each of which contains two 

parallel series* Groups and series alihe are distinguished by the Ohv. inscr . 

Within the groups there is occasional variation of Ohv. type. 

The first group covers the Years 1 — 6. 

Group I. — Series I. 



AKrOVAAAIOKAHTIANOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Diocletian r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body turned 
slightly towards front, showing upper 
part of cuirass on chest, 



Similar. 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 



in front, |_A [=284—285 a.d,] 



Eusebeia, wearing chiton, peplos, and veil, 
standing to front, head 1., sprinkling 
incense on altar with r. hand, and 
holding incense box in 1. 

in front, lA [=284—285 a.p.] 



* This claasiflcation may at first sight seem pedantic. But the close analogy with the 
coins of Maximianus renders it certain that the diflferences had a real s.gniftoance. The 
material in th^ Hunter Cabinet might lead one to suppose that the two Series m (.roup I. 
"fDTocleUan were successive, not parallel. The coins recorded m B.M.C. and m Dat.ari s 
Catalogo show that this was not Bo. 



550 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



1085 



123 , Bill. -8 



1086 



135 , Bill. -7: 



1087 



107 



1088 



1089 



108-5 



115-5 



1090 



1091 



122-5 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -75 



Similar. Tyclie, standing 1., with usual attributes. 

behind, L [=284—285 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 22.] 

Similar. Tyolie, draped and wearing modius, re- 

clining ]. on garlanded couch, holding 
rudder in r., and supporting head with 1. 

above, [A [=284—285 a.d.] 



Similar. Alexandria, draped and turreted, standing 

1., raising her r. hand, and holding 
sceptre and gathered drapery in 1. 

in front, j_A [=284—285 a.d.] 



Group I. — Series II. 

This series shows several obvious sub-divisions according to the changes made 

in the Obv. type. 



AKrOVAAIOKAHTIANOCC€B 

(from 1., uj)\VMrds) 
Similar type. 



Bill. 8 



113 Bill. -75 



Siraila 



Similar. 



Similar. 



1092 I 101 



Bill. -8 



Similar. 



Athena, wearing chiton and crested 
helmet, standing to front, head L, 
leaning with r. on spear and with 1. 
on oblong shield. 

to 1., |_r [=286—287 A.D.] 



Athena seated 1., as on No. 1077. 
in field, L B [=285—286 a.d.] 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., mth usual attri- 
butes. 

infield, L B [=285—286 a.d.] 



Eirene standing 1., as on No. 1080 ; 
behind, star. 

infield, L B [=285—286 a.d.] 



Tyche standing 1., as on No. 108i 
behind, [T [=286—287 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



551 



No. 



Weight 



1093 



1094 



1095 



1096 



1097 



1098 



1099 



95 



108 



116 



78-5 



121 



117-5 



113 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 8 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -75 



Oever.se 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Alexandria, draped and turreted, standing 
1., holding on extended r, small bust of 
Sarapis r., with modius, and leaning 
with 1. on sceptre. 

infield, L B [=285—286 a.d ] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back; to 1., 
above, crescent. 

infield, L B [=285—286 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 23.] 



The reniiiicarmice of €TOVC hi the Year 3 {as under Ca 



run) IS ciinoas. 



Simila 



Similar. 



Similar ; but body not turned towards 
front ; paliidamentum covers back. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm. 

to 1. upwards, €TOVC; in field r., f 
[:=286— 287 A.D.] 



Similar to No. 1094 ; but in place of 
crescent, star. 

date as on preceding. 



Tyche standing 1., with usual attributes; 
behind, star.* 

date as on preceding. 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm ; 
in front, star. 

infield, L A [ = 287—288 a.d.] 



Similar to No. 1076 ; star over r. wing, 
above, LA [=287—288 a.d.] 



* It ia curious that the star on the Rev. of coins of this series seems usually (though not 
invariably) to occur in conjunction with an Obv. type resembling Nos. 1097 f. This is not the 
case elsewhere. 



EGYPT 



No. 



1100 



1101 



1102 



1103 



1104 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



125-5 



1105 



HOG 



1107 



116-5 



117 



112 



114 



106-5 



Bill. -75 



104-5 



107-5 



Bill. -75 



Obverse 



Similar to Kos. 1088 ff. 



Similar. 



Simila 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -7 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -7 



Bill. -7 



Similar. 



Similar(?). 



Similar to Nos. 1097 S. 

[Plate xci. 24 ] 
Similar to Nos. 1088 ff. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Athena, -vvearing crested helmet, chiton, 
and peplos, standing I., holding on 
extended r. Nike r., and in 1. spear 
transversely ; beside r. foot, shield -yyith 
Gorgoneion. 

in field, L A [=287—288 a.d.] 



Athena, wearing crested helmet and chiton, 
standing 1., holding on extended r. 
Nike r., and leaning with 1. on oblong 
shield. 

in front, [J^ [=287—288 a.d.] 



Eusebeia, wearing veil, chiton, and peplos, 
standing 1., sprinkling with r. incense 
■Qpon altar, and holding gathered drapery 
in 1. 

in field, L € [=288—289 a.d.] 



Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm. 

in front, [A [=287—288 a.d.] 



Alexandria standing 1., as on No. 1093 ; 
behind, star. 

iQ field, L € [=288—289 a.d.] 

Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r. ; palm over 1. shoulder; 
behind, star. 

in field, L € [ = 288—289 a.d.] 



Eirene standing 1., with olive-branch and 
transverse sceptre. 

in front, LS [ = 289—290 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

infield, L 5 [=289—290 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



653 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 

SlZB 



Obverse 



Reverse 



1108 



105 



1109 1325 



1110 
1111 



1112 



1113 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Tlie. second group covers tlie remainder of the reign. The chief characteristic is 
the remarhahle abbreviation of the Ohv. inscr. Other features are the occasional 
occurrence of letters in the ex. of the Bev. during the Years 8 — 10, and of a palm 
in the field of the Eeo, during the Years 10 and 11.* While the two parallel series 
here are differentiated in the first instance by the arrangement of the Obv. inscr., 
differences of type loill also be noted. 

Group II. — Series I. 



AIOKAHTI ANOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Diocletian r., laur., showing 
paludamentum slightly ; one end of 
wreath falls forward over r. sho alder. 



Zeus, laur., naked but for himation over 
1. shoulder, standing to front, head L, 
holding patera in extended r., and lean- 
ing with 1. on sceptre ; at his feet, eagle 
1., looking back. 



in field, 
[Plate xci. 25.] 
in field, 



Similar. 



137 j Bill. -8 
113 > Bill. -75 



116 



121 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -7.- 



Z [=290—291 A.D.] 



H [=291—292 A.D.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Zeus, naked to waist, seated 1. on throne 
with back, holding patera in r., and 
leaning with 1. on sceptre ; at his feet, 
eagle 1., looking back. 

in field 1., above, L ^ [=290—291 a.ti.] 

in field, ^ H [= 291—292 a.d.] 



Athena, wearing crested helmet, chiton, 
and peplos, seated 1. on throne without 
back, holding on extended r. Nike r., 
and leaning with 1. on spear. 

in field, L H [=291—292 a.d.] 



Similar ; but throne has back, and shield 
stands beside it ; in ex., A 

in field, L H [=291—292 a.d.] 



* It >B natural to suppose that the letters in the e.. may denote o^^;- °f, ^^^^^"'^^^^"^ 
n^ints). It may be noted that A and A occar most nsually on corns of Dioclet.an. B and 
r on contemporary coins of Ma.imianus. For the palm, see supra, p. 499. 

4 B 



VOL. III. 



554 



EGYPT 



No. 



Wmght 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eevkkse 



1114 



1115 



1116 



1117 



1118 



1119 



1120 



110 



111 



131 



105 



122 



120 



110 



Same inscr. Similar type, showing folds 
of paludamentum, fastened on shoulder; 
ends of \vi"eath fly out behind. 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -8 



Similar. 
(KAHT IAN) 



Same insor. Similar type ; but body 
turned slightly towards front, display- 
ing cuirass on chest. 



Homonoia standing I., in usual attitude, 
holding double cornucopias ; behind, 
star. 

beneath star, L; to 1., upwards, €NA 
TOY* [=292—293 a.d.] 



Similar type, with star ; behind, palm, 
in front, '/^ [=294—295 a.d.] 



Bust of Sarapis r., wearing modius with 
floral ornament. 

infield, L IB [=295—296 a.d.] 



Group II. — Series II. 



AIOKAHTIANOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Diocletian r., lanr., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum ; body turned 
slightly towards front, displaying cuirass 
on chest. 

[Plate xci. 26.] 



Similar. 



Bill. -76 



Bill. -75 



Simila 



Similar. 



Elpis standing 1. in usual attitude, with 
flower; in ex., A 



in field, L H [=291—292 a.d.] 



Athena standing 1., as on No. 1101; iu 
ex., A 

to r., J ; to 1. upwards, €NATOY 
[=292—293 A.D.] 



Similar to No. 1117. 

date as on preceding ; but L 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back; in 
ex., A 



date as on preceding. 



* On the writing of this numeral at full length, see supra, p. 423, footnote. 



ALEXANDRIA 



656 



No. 



1121 



1122 



Weight 



102-5 



1123 



1124 



100 



114 



126 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -TS 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -7 



1126 


97-6 


1126 


97 


1127 


130 


1128 


136 



Bill. -75 
Bill. -7 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -76 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Eirene standing 1., with olive-branch and 
transverse sceptre ; in ex., A 

infield, L I [=293— 294 a.d.] 



Tyche standing 1., with usual attributes; 
behind, palm ; in ex., A 

in field 1., above, l' [=293—294 a.d.] 



Zeus standing 1. with eagle, as on 
Nos. 1108 f. 

in field, ^ I A [=294—296 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., as on No. 1117. 
infield, L lA [=294—296 A.D.] 



MAXIMIANUS 
Billon 

The coins of Ma.riini'anns present a close analogy to those of Diocletian, and the 

two should be studied together. His reign began a year 

later than that of his colleague. 

Group I. — Series I. » 



AKMAOVAMAIIMIANOCC€B 

(from 1., up-\vards) 
Bust of Maximianus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



[Plate xci. 27.] 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with usual attri- 
butes. 



in field 1., above, l^ [=289— 290 a.d.] 
as preceding. 



Elpis standing ]., in usual attitude, with 
flower. 

in field, L B [= 286—287 a.d.] 



Homonoia standing 1., in usual attitude, 
with double comucopiae. 

in field, L r [=287—288 a.d.] 

4 B 2 



556 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



1129 



106-5 



1130 
1131 
1132 



1133 



115 
123 
93-5 



1134 



115 



108 



1135 
1136 



113-5 
100-5 



1137 



117-5 



1138 



119 



1139 



.114 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -7 



Bill. -76 
Bill. -7 
Bill. -7 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -7 



Bill. -75 
Bill. -75 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -8 



Oevekse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Eevekse 



AKMOVAMAIIMIANOCC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type. 



Similar. 



Similar ; behind, star. 

in front, j^ [=289—290 a.d.] 

Nike advancing r., with -wreath and palm. 

in field, L r [=287—288 a.d.] 

as preceding ; above T, star. 

in field, L A [=288—289 a.d.] 



Tyche standing 1., vrith usual attributes. 

e 

in field 1., above, L [ = 289—290 A.D.] 

Similar ; in field 1., above, star, 
infield, L € [ = 289—290 a.d.] 



Alexandria, draped and turreted, stand- 
ing 1., as on No. 1093. 

infield, L A [=286 A.D.] 

in field, L A [=288—289 a.d.] 



Eagle, with -wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L A [=^288— 289 a.d.] 



Gronj) I. — Series II. 

Eirene standing 1., as on No. 1080. 
in field, L A [=286 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., as on No. 1127 ; 
behind, star. 

infield, L B [=286— 287''a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



557 



No. 



1140 



1141 



Weight 



96 



1142 119 



1143 i 134 



1144 115 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. 8 



Similar. 



135 > Bill. -7 



Bill. -8 



Bill. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Bill. -7 



1145 


1 

123 


1146 


128-5 


1147 


104 


1148 


107-5 



Bill. -75 



Bill. 
Bill. 



Bill. -75 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Obvekse 



[Plate xci. 28.] 



Revekse 



Homonoia standing 1., as on No. 1128. 
in field, L A [=286 A.D.] 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm; 
behind, star. 

in front, ^ [=287—288 A.B.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

infield, L B [=286—287 a.d.] 



Similar type, wings open ; above r. wing, 
star. 

in field, L r [=287—288 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath in 
beak, standing r. ; over 1. shoulder, 
palm ; above palm, star. 

in field, L € [=289—290 a.d.] 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back; on 
either side, vexillum. 

above, LA [ = 288—289 a.d.] 



Group II. — Series I. 



MAIIMI ANOCC6B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Maximianus v., wearing cuirass 
and paludamentum. 



Similar. 



Dikaiosyne standing 1., with usual attri- 
butes ; in ex., F 



infield, L Z [=291—292 a.d.] 
in field, •- H [ = 292—293 a.d.] 



Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm ; behind, star. 

in field, L S" [=290—291 a.d.] 



558 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



1149 



1150 



126 



102 



Metal 
Size 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -76 



Obverse 



Similar. 



Eevbrsb 



Similar. 



1161 108 



Bill. -8 



Simila 



1152 



123-5 



1153 



91 



Bill. -8 



Same inscr. Similar type ; but varied 
to resemble corresponding coins of 
Diocletian, paludamentum being only 
slightly shown, and one end of wreath 
falling forward over r. shoulder. 



Similar type ; in ex., T 

in field, L Z [=291—292 a.d.J 

Similar type 1. ; behind, star, 
in front, ^ [=291—292 a.d.] 



Tyclie standing 1., with usual attributes ; 
in ex., r 

in field, •- H [=292—293 a.d.] 



Nike advancing r., with wreath and palm ; 
in ex., B 



infield, LS [=291—292 a.d.] 



[Plate xci. 29.] 



]]ill. -8 



1154 



125 Bill. -8 



1155 



108 



1156 



Similar to Nos. 1146 ff. 



Similar. 



Bill. -8 



108-5 Bin. -8 



Similar. 



Similar to No. 1152, but type larger. 
[Plate xci. 30.] 



Elpis standing 1., as on No. 1127. 

to r., L ; to 1. upwai'ds, €NAToY 
[ = 293—294 A.D.] 



Homonoia standing 1., as on No. 1128. 
date as on preceding. 

Elpis standing I., as on No. 1127, 
infield, L I [=294—295 a.d.] 

Similar. 

in field, [I A [ = 295 a.d.] 



ALEXANDRIA 



559 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



1157 139-5 Bill. S 



1158 



1159 



1160 



1161 



1162 



1163 



123-5 



105 



120-5 



126-5 



106-5 



Revebse 



Group II. — Series II. 



MAllMIANOCC€B 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Maximiauus r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentum. 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -8 



Bill. -85 



Bill. -75 



Bill. -85 



94 i Bill. -7 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Herakles, naked, standing 1., holding on 
extended r. Kike r., and in 1. club and 
lion's skin ; behind, star. 

in front, ^ [=291—292 A.D.] 



[Plate xci. 31.] 



Eirene standing 1., as on No. 1080 ; 
in ex., B 

in field, L H [=292—293 A.D.] 



Homonoia standing 1., as on No. 1128 : 
in ex., B 

in field, L H [=292—293 a.d.] 



Nike 1., with wreath and palm ; behind, 
star. 

in front, ,^ [=290—291 a.d.] 



Nike advancing r., as on No. 1148; behind, 
star. 

infield, "- Z [=291—292 a.d.] 



Eagle standing r. ; palm over 1. shoulder, 
infield, L H [=292—293 a.d.] 

Laurel-wreath, containing date. 

€NA 

TOV [=298—294 a.d.] 
L 



560 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



1164 



117-5 



Bill. -75 



1165 



116 



Bill. -8 



1166 



114-5 



Bill. -8 



1167 



S7-5 



Bill, 



1168 



117 



Bill. -75 



Obverse 



Revekse 



CONSTANTIUS I. 



Billon 



The coins of Constantius Gldorns are dated from Ids elevation to the ranlc of 

Caesar. The legend <|)AAKU)(N)CTANTIOCK is found during the 

Years 1—4; the legend K(0(N)CTANTIOCK in the Year 4! only * 

An exact parallel loill be found in the coins of his colleague, Galerius 

Majimianus. The local imperial coinage of Egypt came to 

an end in 295 a.d. 



<t>AAKa)C TANTIOCK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Constantius I. r., laur., wearing 
cuirass and paludamentura ; body turned 
slightly towards front. 



Similar. 



<t>AAKWCTANTIOCK 

(from I., upwards) 
Similar type ; cuirass shown. 



Simila 



Eirene standing 1., as on No. 1080; 
in ex., A 



in field, L A [ = 292 a.d.] 



Elpis standing 1., as on No. 1127 ; in 
ex., A 

in field, L B [=292—293 a.d.] 



Eirene standing 1., as on No. 1080. 



in field, L B [ = 292—293 a.d.] 



Eagle ]., with wings open and wreath in 
talons, looking back. 

in front, |_B [=292—293 a.d.] 
[Platb xci. 32.] 



Same inscr. Type slightly varied. 



Elpis standing I., as on No. 1127. 



ripfinitfl L ' v.^-'^''''''^.'" ™ ^'^^ ^"^'^'' Collection ia too scanty to enable one to say 

defimtely how much importance is to be attached to the omission or insertion of Vl- But 
varfat^on Tr!HpTP°''*^''lv*''' distinction has a meaning, and is not a mere casual 
Maxfm°anus '" '^' '° *''" '''™' y"^"" ^' <"' '^« ""^''^ °^ Diocletian and of 



ALEXANDEIA 



661 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



1169 



107 



Bill. -8 



1170 



122 ' Bill. -8 



1171 



102 



Obverse 



llEVERSE 



GALERIUS MAXIMIANUS 

Billon 

The coins of thin prince present a close parallel to those of Constantius I. 

A'os. 1169 f. represent a class found during the Tears 1 — 4. The 

legend of No. 1171 belongs to the Year 4 only. 



TAAMAII MIANOCK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Galerias Maximianus r., laiir., 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum ; 
body turned sliglitly towards front. 



Athena, wearing crested helmet, oliiton 
and jjeplos, seated 1. on throne without 
back, holding on outstretched r. Nike 
r., and leaning with 1. on sceptre; in 

ex., r 



in field, L A [=292 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 33.] 



rAAMAIIMIANOCK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Similar type ; cuirass shown. 



MAIIMI ANOCK 

(from 1., upwards) 
Type as on No. 1169. 



Eagle, with wings open and wreath in 
beak, standing 1., looking back. 

in field, L r [=293—294 A.o.] 



Eagle, with wings closed and wreath 
in beak, standing r. ; palm over 1. 
shoulder. 

infield, L A [ = 294—295 a.d.] 



VOL. III. 



4 c 



562 



EGYPT 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obvrrse 



Eeveese 



THE NOMES OF EGYPT 



Bronze 

The following coins were not a local issue in the proper sense of the loord. The 
close resemblance between the Obverses of all coins of one date indicates that they 
were struclc at the same mint. Comparison of contemporary pieces shows that this 
was Alexandria. The issues usually coincide vjith specially abundant Alexandrian 
issues.* Doubtless their purpose was primarily commemorative.f The coins afe 
accordingly arranged here under the Emperors, local classification being 
regarded as subordinate. 

DOMITIAN 

Bomitian's single issue of Nome-coins was contemporaneous with the beginning 
of his third Alexandrian period [see supra, p. 428). All belong to one denomination. 



Upper Sebenuyte Nome 



AVTKAICe€OYIOC AOMITC€ 

Br€PM (sic, from 1., upwards) 

Head of Domitian r,, laur. 



19C 



M l-i: 



Ares, wearing crested helmet, cuirass, 
clilamys and greaves, standing I, lean- 
ing with r. on spear, and holding sword 
in sheath and gathered drapery in 1. ; 
at his feet, small stag 1. ; around, from 
1. upward.s, NOMOC C€B€NNY 
THC 

infield, L lA [ = 91—92 A.D.] 
[Plate xci. 34.] 

TRAJAN 

Nome-coins of Trajan were issued during seoeral successive years. They belong 
mainly, if not entirely,X to the denomination here represented. 

Herakleopolite Nome 



AV lANCe BrePMAAKIK 

(from beneath, upwards, towards 1.) 
Bust of Trajan r., laar., with aegis 
over shoulder. 



i:>2 



.E 1-4 



Herakles-Harpokrates, wearing modins, 
chiton, and himation, seated 1. on 
androsphinx, which reclines r. on base 
supported by columns ; he raises r. 
hand to his lips, and holds in 1. club 
upright ; around, from 1. upwards, 
HPAKA€CO TT 

in front, [JA [ = 110—111 a.d.] 



* See supra, pp. 432, 444, 46S. 

t See Datfcari's suggested explanation in Riv. Ital., 1901, pp. 157 ff. Cp. articles by Paraz- 
zoli, in the Rev. Num., 1901, by Dntilh, in the Rev. Beige (1902-3), and by Dattari in the 
Jouru. Intern., 1904, pp. 177 ff. . j , ue 

% See, however, B.M.C., p. 345, No. 19, which appears to belong to a smaller denomination, 
and which is the only well-authenticated example of L I A I hare met with. 



THE NOMES OP EGYPT 



563 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



M -8 



69-5 



M -7 



Obvkkse 



Reverse 



HADRIAN 

Hailrutn on several occasions issued Nome-coins of the same denomination as No. 2. 

But by far his largest issue is that represented hy Nos. 3 fi., which included two 

denominations, and which belonged entirely to the Year 11. The normal {hut not 

rnvariuhle) relation between the types of these denominations is exemplified by 

Nos. 16 f.; the Bev. type of the lower is usually an animal or other object, 

which appears on the Beo. type of the higher as an adjunct of a 

standing figure, being, as a ride, held in his hand. 

Antaio23o]ite Nome 



AVTKAI TPAIAAPIAC6B 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Hadrian r., laur. 



Male figure, clad in himation and wearing 
head-dress of horns and disk, standing 
r., holding sceptre in r., and crocodile 
in extended 1. ; around, from. 1. upwards, 
ANTAI O 

onr. downwards, L lA [ = 126 — 127 a.d.] 



Apollonopolite Nome 



Similar. 



Male figure, naked to waist, standing to 
front, head r. ; he raises r. to head, 
and holds in 1. hawk r., wearing skhent; 
around, from 1. upwards, ATTOAAtO 
N [---] 

date ofi coin. 



78-5 
73-5 



JE -7 
M -7 



79-0 



M -7 



Arsinoite Nome 



Similar. 



Bust of Egyptian king r., wearing uraeus, 
and head-gear that hangs down over 
neck; around, from 1. upwards, A PC I 
NOI 

in front, LI A [i=126— 127 a.d.] 

as preceding. 

[Plate xci. 35.] 



Coptite Nome 



Similar. 



Male figure, bearded, standing 1., wearing 
chiton, himation, -veil, and head-dress 
of disk and horns ; holds small ante- 
lope 1. on extended r. and flail in 1. ; 
on I. upwards, KO TTT 

onr. downwards, LI A [ = 126 — 127 a.d.] 

[Plate xci. 36]. 

4 c 2 



564 



EGYPT 



No. 



10 



11 



13 



Weight 



78-, 



73-5 



77-5 



12 70-5 



84-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -8 



M -76 



M -75 



M -8 



M -8 



M -75 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Cynopolite Nome 



Male figure, bearded, standing r., naked 
to waist ; kolds on extended 1. small 
jackal seated r. ; on r. upwards, KVN 

on 

on r. downwards, LI A [ = 126 — 127a.d.] 



Diospolite Nome 



Male figure, bearded, standing r., clad in 
bimation; leans witli v. on sceptre, and 
holds on extended 1. small ram r. ; 
around, from 1. upwards, AIOTT K 

on r. downwards, LIA [=126 — 127a.d.] 



Nome of Diospolis Magna 



Helios, radiate, riding slowly 1. on horse- 
back, raising his r. hand ; from 1. up- 
wards, A I OTTO A M 

after inscr., LIA [ = 126— 127 A.D.] 



Herakleopolite Nome 



Head of Herakles, bearded, r., wearing 
taenia ; on 1. upwards, H PA K 

on r. downwards, LIA [=126— 127 A.D.] 



Hermopolite Nome 



Bust of Thoth r., bearded, wearing atef- 
orown, taenia, chiton and himation ; 
around, from I. upwards, EP A\0 ; 
beneath neck, small ibis r. 

in front, LIA [=126—127 a.d.] 



Similar, but on 1. upwards, EPAAO; in 
front, small ibis r. 

on r. downwards, LIA [=126—127 

A.D.] 



[Plate xoi. 39.] 



THE NOMES OF EGYPT 



r,65 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obi 








Similar. 


1-1 


81-5 


.E -7 


Similar type ; no in 


lo 

] 


30-5 


M -65 


Similar to Nos. 3 ff 


16 


79-5 


M -8 


Similar to No. 15. 


17 


36 


M -55 


Similar to Nos. 3 ff. 


18 


86-5 


M -75 


Similar. 


19 


82 


M -7 





Revekse 



Lycopolite Nome 



Male figure, bearded, standing 1., wearing 
atef -crown, chiton, and hitnation ; holds 
on extended r. small jackal seated 1. ; 
on 1. upwards, AVK O 

on r. downwards, LI A [ = 126—127 a.d.] 



Jackal standing r. ; above, AV KO 

infield, L I A [=126—127 a.d.] 
[Plate xci. 38.] 

Mendesian Nome 



Mendes, wearing atef-crown, cliiton and 
himation, standing 1., holding on 
extended r. small goat 1. ; on 1. up- 
wards, MEN A 

on r. downwards, LIA [ = 120 — 127 A.D.] 



Goat walking r. ; above, MEN A 
infield, L I A [=126—127 a.d.] 



Oxyrliyncbite Nome 

Athena, wearing crested helmet, cliiton 
and peplos, standing 1., holding on 
extended r. Nike r., and in 1. bipennis ; 
on 1. upwards, 02V P 

on r. downwards, LIA [=126— 127 a.d.] 



Panopolite Nome 



Male figure, naked to Avaist, standing L, 
holding ichneumon on extended r., and 
on extended 1. small figure of Khem 
r., raising r. hand ; on 1. upwards, 

nAN o 

onr. downwards, L lA [ = 126— 127 a.d.] 



566 



EGYPT 



No. , Weight Metal 
Size 



20 I 74 ' .E 



21 24-5 jE -55 



22 



336 



M 1-2.5 



110-5 



JE -85 



Obverse 



Revekse 



Tentyrite Nome 



Similar 



Goddess, wearing chiton and peplos, stand- 
ing to front, head 1.; holds on extended 
r. ha-wk 1., and leans -with 1. on sceptre : 
around, from 1. upwards, T€N TV P 

on r. downwards, LI A [ = 126 — 127 A. D.] 



Thinite Nome 



Similar to No. 15. 



Elpis standing 1., in usual attitude, with 
flower; on 1. upwards, ©IN I 

date illegible. 



MARCUS AURELIUS 



In the Iceav 8 of Antoninus Pius, Nome-coins were issued in his own name and in 
that of ill. Aurelius. They were all of one denomination, the largest. 

Heliopolite Nome 



- - K 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of M. Aurelius r, bare-headed, 
wearing cuirass and paludamentum. 



Helios, radiate, wearing chiton and hima- 
tion, standing r., holding sceptre in r. 
and on extended 1. small bull 1.; around, 
from 1. upwards, HAIO TTO AEIT 

in field, beneath, L H [=144—145 a.d.] 



PANOPOLIS (?) 

The folloiving coin seems to he Egyptian, but it has no connection with any of 
the groups described above. 

Third Century a.d. 

Beonze 



e€OY nANOC 

(from 1., upwards) 
Bust of Isis r., draped and wearino- 
characteristic head-dress. 



[Pmte xci. 37.] 



Sistrum ; to 1., date ; to r., pedum and 
palm (?). 



CYRENATCA 



567 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revkrse 



CYRENAICA 

GYRENE * 

Circa 480—431 B.C. 

Oyrene began to mint money in the course of the seventh century n.c. Biil this early 

coinage, which n^as fairly abundant, is quite unrepresented in the Hunter Cabinet. 

Throughout the greater part of its monetary history the city employed a complicated 

melrological system, different standards being apparently used simultaneously, 

doubtless for convenience of trade irith different centres. 

Silver 
Phoenician Standard 



Drachms 



1 52-2 



2 ol'o 



.n -65 



M -6 



Silphium plant, represented as a thick, 
fluted stem, having at the top a clus- 
tered head, and on each side tvro 
leaves with a bud betvi^een them. 



Head of Zens Ammon, horned and 
bearded, oi early transitional style ; 
truncation of neck dotted ; around, 
dotted circle ; the whole within incuse 
square, in the corners of which letters 
of inscr. 



K V 

V d 

[Plate xcii. 1.] 

j V X 

i P [A] 



head r. 



head 1. 



Hemi drachm 



Similar type. 



Similar type r., of some\^'hat later style, 
within similar circle ; the ^vhole in 
circular incuse. 



24-6 



M -4 



no letters. 



* Under Cybene are here included those coins which evidently belong to Cyrenaica, bnt do 
not bear any ethnic. Cybene has, therefore, been placed before Barce. 



568 



NORTHEEN AFRICA 



JS'O. 



Weight 




132-4. 



M -7 



132 -2 



132-7 



J^ -75 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Circa 431—321 B.C. 

In 431 B.C. tlie olicjarcliij of the Battiadae was overilirown, after a rule of ah out 
two centuries. The establishment of a democracy was apparently followed 
by a great outburst of commercial activity, the abundant issues 
of gold being specially noteworthy. 

Gold* 
Euboic - Attic Standard , 

Staters 



KYPANAI HN 

(in ex., and to r., up-wards) 
Nike, with wings open, acting a.s driver 
of a quadriga, which is standing to 
front ; border of dots. 



Zeus, laur. and naked to -waist, seated ]. 
on throne ; he leans with r. hand on 
sceptre and with 1. arm on back of 
throne, while his feet rest on a foot- 
stool ; behind, eagle at rest r., with 
serpent (?) in talons ; in front, upwards, 
lASONoS; plain border. 



[Plate xcii. 2.] 



KYP [ANAION] (above) 

Quadriga galloping r. ; charioteer holds 
goad and reins ; above, star of eight 
rays. 

border off coin. 



KYPANAION (above) 

Quadriga advancing r. at a trot, driven 
by winged Nike who holds goad and 
reins ; plain border. 



Similar type ; in front, eagle flying 1. with 
serpent in talons ; behind, downwards, 
lASONOZ; plain border. 



Zeus, laur. and wearing himation which 
leaves chest and r. shoulder bare, 
standing 1., leaning with 1. on long 
scepti-e, and holding in r. a patera; 
in front, thyniiaterion ; behind, up- 
wards, roAIANOEYS; border of 
dots. 



[Pla-i-e xcii. 3.] 



* j^° ^^^ °^^^'^ ™"^^ °* Gyrene there is no rule as to the manner in -which the Obv and 
Rev. dies have been adjusted to one another duriup the process of strikino- This is usual on 
all early Greek and Roman coins, and indicates that the upper die -was movable, as sho-wn on 
the well-known denarius of Carisius : see Bahrfeldt, Antike Miinzteclmik, p. 9 Some time in 
the course ot the fourth century, however, hinged dies appear to have been introduced at 
tyrene. Almost all the coins struck subsequent to circa 32] e.g. show absolute regularity in 
the relative position of the dies, which are adjusted thus : /J\./|V. (There are also not a few 
instances of /|n^ .) The gold coins now to be described vary. Mr. Hill has kindly examined 
for me the corresponding specimens in the B.M. His results agree with my own. Gold 
pieces signed APISTArORA, KYA 105(0), OE(Y«|)EIAEY§), lASilN and 
lASONOS appear to be invariably irregular, while those signed HOAIANOEYS d 
XAI(PIOZ) are as invariably regular. The natural inference is that the change from 
movable to hinged dies took place in the course of this period, and that the group of magistrates 
first enumerated are, therefore, earlier than the two last named. It would be interesting if 
this inference could be confirmed by wider observation. 



CYRENAICA 



569 



No. 



10 
11 



12 



13 



14 



Weight 



7 , 



66-4 



64-. 



65-8 



33-4 
32-8 



33 



13 



Metal 
Size 



N -55 



N -55 



N -5 



N -4 
N -4 



N -4 



N -3 



13-4 N -3 

VOL. III. 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bracliins 



K 
P 



Y 

N 



(in field) 



Horseman trotting 1. ; wears chlamys 
and has petasos suspended at his back ; 
double border, inner being plain, outer 
dotted. 



Silphium plant, represented as on Obv. 
of Nos. 1 f. ; but on each side, three 
leaves and two buds; in field beneath, 
O E ; double border, inner being plain, 
outer dotted. 



[Plate xcii. 4.] 



KYPA (on 1., upwards) 

Horseman, wearing chiton, trotting r. 



no border visible. 



Similar type; but horse prancing, and 
petasos suspended at horseman's back ; 
from 1. upwards, XAIPlO[S] 

no border visible. 



Similar type ; in field, W Y 



no border visible. 



Y 

I A 



Similar type, 
border doubtful. 



Hemi draclims 



KYP (above) 

Head of Athena 1., wearing crested 
Corinthian helmet. 



Three silphium plants, radiating from a 
central pellet; each plant has leaves 
and buds as on Nos. 1 f . 



[Plate xoii. 5.] 



Similar type; but in place of ethnic, 
XAIP; border of dots. 



Similar type, 
border of dots (?). 



Tenths of Stater 



Young head of Zeus Ammon 1., beardless 
and horned ; in field beneath, O E ; 
plain border. 

Similar type; behind, upwards, KA (or 
XY) ; same border. 



Head of nymph Kyrene r. ; hair rolled. 



Similar. 



4 D 



570 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weisht 



15 

16 

17 

18 



19 

20 



21 



22 



23 



24 



12-5 

13-4 
13 

13-2 



13-2 
13 



12-8 



12-9 



198 
198-1 



Metal 
Size 



N -3 

M -3 

N- -3 

AT -3 



AT -3 
N -2 



N -3 



M 



Obverse 



/R -95 
M -95 



Similar; but beliind, >1, and in front, 



Similar ; but behind, K [?] ; nothing in 
front. 



Reverse 



Similar. 



Similar type ; behind, doubtful symbol ; 
in front, upwards, KYA 



[Plate xcii. 6.] 



Similar ; but in front, downwards, KYA, 
and behind, star of six rays. 



Similar type r. ; behind, downwards, 
KYO ; plain border. 



Head of Zeus Ammon 1., bearded and 
horned; behind, upwards, XAI ; 
border of dots. 



Female head r., wearing spliendone ; 
border of dots. 



Similar type ; plain border. 



Similar. 



Head of nymph Kyrene, three-quarter 
face towards r. ; border of dots. 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., bearded and 
horned ; border of dots. 



[Plate xcii. 7.] 

Silver 
Phoenician Tetradrachms* 



Head of Zeus Ammon 1., as on No. 21 ; 
behind, downwards, 50|T5I9A ; 
border of dots. 

name partly ofi coin, 
same die. 



Inscr. in field. Silphium plant, re- 
presented as on Nos. 7 if. 



Y 


>J 


A 


q 


A 


M 


K 


Y 


PA 



[Plate xcii. 8.] 



* On No. 23 the dies are arranged ^ ^, and on No. 24 /J^\^ . Of nineteen similar 
tetradraolima iu the B.M. I learn from Mr. Hill that nine are ^ 4' fi'id nine /f< ^ ; only 
one (with the name OEY<l>EI ) ia irregular. See supra, p. !568, footnote. No. 25 is regular 



CYRKNAICA 



571 



No. 



Weight 



133-6 



26 118-5 M 



•28 



109-5 
94 



i 29 ! 46-5 



30 



31 



181 



83 



Metal 
Size 



M -75 



M -85 
M -7 



M -6 



M -85 



M -6 



Obverse 



Eeversb 



Euboic-Attic Didrachm 

Young head of Zeus Amnion r., beardless [ Similar type. 

and horned ; iii front, ]IAH[ ; i 

border of dots. 



Bronze 

No. 26 (s superior in style to any of the other bronze pieces 
hero catalogued. 

Free horse prancing r. ; above, star of i Wheel of six spokes ; border of dots, 
eight rays ; plain border. 



[Plate xcii. 9.] 



Gazelle standing r. ; border of dots. 



Silphium plant, represented as on Nos. 7 ff., 
but having an additional bud on each 
side, at the top ; border of dots. 



(No. 27 is restrnck on a coin with the types of No. 26.) 



Youthful head r. ; hair in long ringlets ; 
on either side, K P 



Similar to Nos. 23 f . ; but details obscure. 

K Y 
A P 



The two folloioing are of thich, lumpy fabric. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair in long 

ringlets ; in front upwards, PH S ; 

border of dots. 



Young head of Zeus Ammon r., beardless 
and horned ; border of dots. 



Silphium plant, represented as on 
Nos. 7 S.; in field r., ear of corn 
upon stalk. 

border doubtful. 



Similar type; details obscure; border of 
dots. 



4 D 2 



572 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



32 
33 



34 



35 



36 

37 
38 
39 



40 



Weight 



109 



120-8 



119-2 



114-7 



119 



Metal 
Size 



N -25 
N -25 



.R -8 



JR. -85 



A\ -8 



115-7 


.11 


•9 


119-2 


M 


•8 


114-1 


JR. 


-85 



A\ -8 



Obverse 



Revekse 



After circa 321 B.C. 
During tliis period Cyreaaica formed part of the satrapy of Ptolemy Soter. 

Gold 

Euboic-Attio Standard 

O b o 1 s 

The symbols show that Nos. 32 f. loere contemporary with No. 36. 



Head of Zeus Amnion r,, bearded and 
horned. 



Thunderbolt, upright. 

on either side, star of eight rays. 

as preceding. 



Silver 
Khodiau Didraclims* 

The issue of these must have extended over a consiclerahle period, as the 

deterioration in style is very marked. Nos. 42 f. appear 

to be later than Nos. 44 f. 



Head of Zeus Ainmon 1., beardless and 
horned. 



KY PA (across field) 

Silpbium plant, represented as on 
Nos. 7 ff. ; in field above, monogram. 



Similar. 



Simila 



tol., R^ 
[Plate xcii. 10.] 

to r., fol 

Similar; in field above, monograms or 
symbols. 

on either side, star of eight rays. 
[Plate xcii. 11.] 

to 1., ^, and to r., star of eight rays. 

to 1., star of eight rays ; to r., ^ 

to 1., coiled serpent 1.; to r., |f31 



Similar; but ethnic above, symbol and 
monogram below. 

to 1., tripod with handles; to r., E^ 



On No. 34 the dies are adjusted thus: ^^. On all the others they are ^^. 



CYREiYATCA 



573 



No. 



41 



42 
43 



44 
45 



46 



47 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



117-7 ' .R, -S 



1121 I _R -75 
116-2 ,R -8 



106-8 



89-5 



51 



103-8 JR -75 



M -8 



M -7 



M -6 



Obverse 



Similar type r. 



Similar ; late style. 



Reverse 



-^ (across neld) 

[P]^ A ^ 

Similar type ; to r., symbol, 
cornucopiae. 

Similar to Nos. 36 f£. ; late style, 
to 1., ^ ; and to r., crab, 
to 1., ^; and to r., crab. 
[Plate xcii. 12.] 

Phoenician Didraclims 

Similar to Nos. 42 f., but stylo rather 
better ; ethnic above ; monogram and 
symbol below. 

to 1., l< ; and to r., crab. 

as preceding. 
[Plate xcii. 13.] 



Bronze 

Xos. 46 f. are of decidedly superior style, closely resembling that of the coins 

catalogued supra, p. 358, as Nos. 6 ff . of Ptolemy I. Judging by this 

criterion, one would conclude that they were earlier them any 

of the coins that follow* 



Head of Apollo r., laur. 



Head of Apollo r., laur. 



Similar. 



K Y (across field) 
Lyre (kithara). 

to 1., crab ; to r., A 
[Plate xcii. 14.] 



Similar. 

above, TT ; to r., .silphium plant (?). 



* As the coins of the series represented by Nos. 46 f. are often restruck, it should be 
possible to determine their age with some accuracy. If it be the case that there are speci- 
mens restruck on pieces resembling Nos. 52 if. (Miiller, i., p. 59, No. 281, following Sestini), 
they must be later than their style would suggest. 



674 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obveesb 


Heveksb 








Similar ; of slightly later 


style. 


p A (i'^fi^^'i) 


48 


69 


JE -6 






Similar type. 


49 


66 


JE -6 






above, star of six rays. 


50 


87 


M -6 


Similar type. 




KY (above) 

Bridled horse prancing r. ; to r. of 
inscr., star of eight rays ; beneath, crab. 


51 


81 


M -6 




[Plate 


xcii. 15.] 


52 


94 


M -75 


Head of Zeus Ammoii r 
horned ; style degraded. 


., bearded and 


^^ (infield) 

Date-palm, vi'ith fruit ; beneath Y, 
silj)hium-plant and crab. 


53 


91-6 


^ -7 








54 


85-5 


M -7 


Similar. 




KY PA (across field) 

Similar type; in field beneath, to I., 
silphium-plant, and to r., crab. 


55 


69 


M -75 


Similar. 




Similar. 


56 


46 


M -65 


Similar. 


[Plate i 


ecu. 16.] 

Similar to Nos. 52 f . ; but in field beneath, 
to 1., star, and to r., silphium-plant 
and varying letters. 


57 


90-5 


M -65 






A 
A 


58 


101 


M -7 


Similar. 




AA 

Similar ; without star. 


59 


69-5 


M -65 






r 


60 


109 


M -75 






E 



CYRBNAICA 



575 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



After di-ca 280 B.C. 

In 308 B.C. 3Li(jatt, son-in-law of Plolemij I., was made governor of Cyrenaica. 

Some of the coins above described are so late in style that thei/ must be 

subsequent to his accession. In 280 B.C. he revolted, and assumed the title 

o/ BacriXeu?. For coins struck after his reconciliation with Ptolemy, and 

other Ptolemaic pieces struck in Cyrenaica, see Index. I., s.v. Gyrene. 



Head (of Magas ?) r., diademed. 



61* 



106-5 



62 
63 
64 



65 



iE 



157 


M 


•85 


137 


M 


•8 


116 


M 


•85 



166 



M -95 



BASIAEnSMAr - - 

(from 1. upwards) 
Head of Libya r., wearing taenia ; 
hair iu long ringlets. 



[Plate xcii. 17,] 



Circa 247—222 B.C. 



The following bronze coins {and the corresponding silver) appear to belong to 

the reign of Ptolemy III., under tohom Cyrenaica enjoyed a large 

measure of autonomy. 



Head of Zens Ammon r., bearded and 
horned ; hair bound with taenia ; 
border of dots. 



(no border visible) 



K O 

I N (in field) 

O N 

Silphium-plant ; border of dots. 

on each side, two leaves and two buds. 

on each side, three leaves. 

on each side, three leaves and two buds. 



(No. 64 is resfcrnck on a Ptolerfiaic coin. On the Rev., the head of Libya and the letters 
TITOAEMAIOY are still visible.) 



Similar ; style late. 



KOI NON (across field) 

Silphium-plant, represented with three 
leaves and two groups of buds on each 
side; each group has three buds; border 
of dots. 



[Plate xcii. 18.] 



* According to Svoronos (NO|HiV^. ro!) Kpirnvs tS>v n-roXf iiaiav, p. fff'). ttis and similar coins 
have been produced by retouching coins of Ptolemy 11. The relief is extraordinarily flat. 



576 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



66 



67 
68 



69 



70 
71 

72 

73 
74 



319 



173 
123* 



337 



195 
137 
183 



M 1-25 



M l-Oo 

.¥. 1 



xE 1-3 



M 1-1 
M 1 
JE 1-1 



158-5 ! .-E 1-05 
130 JE 1-05 



I'liiJej- the Bomans 



Bronze 



III 96 B.C. Ptolemy Aiiimi, Icing of Gijyenaica, left his Idngdom to Home. In 74 B.C. 

// iras made a lioiiKiri province. The date of L. Lollius, under njliom, as pnqinielur, 

No>:. 66 fE. loere struck, is uncertain. There were two series, one vitli (ireeli, 

the other loitli Latin i^iscriptions. Eaclt series contained tJiree denominations. 

Ill neitlter case is the loioest represented here. 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., bearded and 
horned ; border of dots. 



behind head, g 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; hair in long 
ringlets ; border of dots. 



in front, B 
in front, B 



AOAAIOY (above) 

Sella cundis ; between legs of which, 
letter or letters ; border of dots. 

letter obliterated. 



AOA 

A I (in field) 

o Y 

Dromedary, standing r. ; beneath body, 
letter or letters ; border of dots. 

letter obliterated. 

B 



Young male head r., diademed ; in front, 
sceptre ; border of dots. 



beneath chin, B 



L-LOLLIVS (above) 
Similar to No. 66. 



[Plate xcii. 19.] 



Head of Artemis r., wearing stephane ; 
hair in knot behind ; over shoulder, 
bow and qaiver ; border of dots. 



beneath chin, B 
beneath chin, B (?) 
beneath chin, doubtful letter. 

beneath chin, P 

beneath chin, nothing visible. 



E 

H 

IZ 

[Plate xcii. 20.] 

IF 



LI VS ("" ^"^^^ 

Stag standing r. ; beneath body, letter ; 
border of dots. 



no letter visible. 



A portion of the coin is broken away. 



CYRBNAICA 



577 



No. 



76 



77 



78 



79 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eevkkse 



173 



60-5 



70-5 



43-5 



94-5 



JE 1-1 



M -85 



M -85 



M -65 



JE -9 



iV(>N. 75 f. loere striiclc by A. Pnpius Riifiis, who seems to have governed the province 

as ' quaestor pro praelore.' Their style shows that they are later than the coins 

of LoUius. No. 76'is much superior in style to No. 75. 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., bearded and 
horned ; around, from 1. upwards, 

AVAOcnovniocL 



Sella curulis, between two sets of fasces ; 
above, [T] AM I AS; beneath, [A] 
NTICTP[A]; to 1., L ; tor., A 



[Plate xcii. 24.] 



Ram standing 1. ; above, ANTICTPA : 
beneath body, L 



SiibselUinn, against which leans a staff, 
transversely ; above, _ _ _ IOC ; 
beneath, [TAjMIAC 



[Plate xcii. 21 ] 



Under Augtistus 



The following were, perhaps, struck in the years immediately preceding 23 B.C., 

as other coins of Scato show the head of Augustus with the title ' Tr. Pot.,' 

a dignity not conferred on the Emperor until that year. 



Ram standing r. ; above, star. of eight 
rays. 



Laurel- wreath ; within which, SCAO 
[Plate xcn. 22.] 



Head of Apollo r. ; hair in long ringlets. 



Coiled serpent, with head erect r. ; in 

field, sc t: 



No. 79 is certainly subsequent to 23 B.C. The identity of Palicanus 

is doubtfid. 



IA\PAVG 
TR POT 



PALIK 
PR- 



[Plate xcii. 23.] 



4 B 



578 



NOETHERN ArRIGA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



266-5 



M 105 



2-1-7 



Ai -i 



201 



.11 1 



74 



Ai -5 



BARGE 

Bnrce ivus a colony of Gyrene, and the coinages of the two states have much in 
common, indudinrj the simultaneous employment of different standards for silver. 

Circa 480—431 B.C. 

SlLVEE 

Euboic-Attio Tetradrachm 



Siljsliium-plaTit, rejjresented in couven- 
tional fashion ; two leaves and two 
clusters of buds on either side. 



BAP (to r., downwards) 

Head of Zeus Amnion r., bearded and 
horned, of early transitional style ; 
truncation of neck, and hair over fore- 
head, dotted ; the whole within raised 
circular border of dots, which is en- 
closed between two narrow lines. 



[Plate xcii. 25.] 



Phoenician Hemidrachm 



Similar. 



(in corners) 



B A 

P [K] 

Similar type ; later style ; all within 
square border of dots. 



After circa 321 B.C. 

Silver 

Phoenician Tetradrachm 



[B] 
P 
A 



A 
K 
I 



(in field) 



Similar type ; with two leaves on front 
of stem, and additional bud on each 
side above tojomost leaf. 



Similar type ; of late and poor style ; no 
border. 



[Plate xcii. 26.] 



Bronze 



.Y.,. 4 should be compared with Cyrene, Nos. 50 f. The attribution to liarce is 
however, doubtfd. Midler assigns it to Balagrae, and sees in the symbol ' 



a cornucopiae.' 



Head of Apollo r., laur. 



ftC (above) 

Bridled horse prancing r. ; to r. of 
monogram, star of six ray.'; ; beneath, 
rose. 



* Miiller, Hum. de I'Jfr. ancienne, i., p. 95. 



LIBYA— SYRTICA 



579 



No. 



3 
4 



Weight 



112-2 



9S-; 



46 



440 

99 

87 
85 



Metal 
Size 



M -sr 



M -85 
(base) 



Pot. -76 



M 1-25 

^ -8 
M -75 
yB -75 



Obverse 



Eevebse 



LIBYA 

Second Century B.C. 

It is quite doubtful where the following were minted. Miiller iuterprcls 
the letter on the Bev. as indicating the name of a Libyan tribe called the Maxai.* 

SiLVEE 

Fho e nic i an Didrachms 



Head of youthful Herakles 1., -wearing 
lion's skill ; border of dots. 



AIBYI2N (in ex.) 

Lion pro-svling r. ; above, i^ ; border 
of dots. 



ins or. partly off coin. 
[Plate xcii. 27.] 

inscr. partly off coin. 



SYRTICA 

LEPTIS MAGNA 

Leptis Magna lo.as the most important of the three chief cities of Syrtica. It was 

a colony of Sidon, and loas, after Carthage, the richest Phoenician settlement 

in Africa. Its coins are all later than the fall of Carthage. 

After circa 146 B.C. 

POTIN 



Head of youthful Dionysos 1., -wreathed 
with ivy ; -hair in long ringlets ; border 
of dots. 



r:c^JL, (on r., upwards) 

'^yj^ (o° '•) upwards) 

Club, upright ; all -within -\vreatli. 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



[Plate xcii. 28.] 

Beonze 

Similar. 



Similar. 



* Miiller, op. cU., i., p. 133. 



4 E 2 



580 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



10 



11 



12 



13 



53 



60 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Similar head r., of better style ; border of 
dots. 



JE -65 



M -65 



169 



130-5 



50 



90 



60-5 



Reverse 



J /__ (on r., downwai'ds) 

rx-y (on 1., upwards) 

Similar type ; all within wreath. 



Head of Tyche 1., turreted. 



[Plate xcii. 29.] 

T^JL, Wreath containing inscr.* 

[Plate xcii. SO.] 



131 



JE -95 



^ -85 



iE -65 



M '85 



M -75 



The following are of someiohat later style. 

Head of Tyche r., turreted ; border of I J Club and thyrsos in saltire, 

dots. I y i, with letters of inscr. in the 

it angles ; border of dots. 



^ -85 



Similar. 



Similar ; style different. 



Similar type 1. ; behind, branch ; border 
of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



J ^£ Similar ; but thyrsos filleted. 



Similar to Nos. 8 f . ; but thyrsos filleted. 



Similar. 



Aus'ustus 



Head of Augustus r., bare. 



2VJi, (in centre of field) 

Peacock walking r., looking back 
above, inverted, eagle walking r. 

[Plate xcii. 31.] 



* The reading (and therefore the attribution) is somewhat doubtful. 



SYRTICA 



581 



No. 



Weight 



14 
15 



5J=7-5 



■i-io 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-5 



jE 1-45 



141 



M 1 



162-5 



^ 1-1 



2 
3 



121 
112-5 



M -85 
M -95 



Obverse 



Beveuse 



Tiberius 



DIVOSAVGV STVS 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Augustus p., laur. 



J L, (on 1., upwards) 

2 y (on r., downwards) 

Dionysos standing 1., wearing long 
chiton and wreath of ivy; lie holds 
in extended r. iantharos, and in 1. 
thyrsos and gathered drapery; in 
background, panther 1., with 1. forepaw 
raised and head turned back. 



[Plate xciii. 2.] 



MACARAEA AND BILAN 

The attribution of the folloiointj piece is doubtful. See Miillei; op. cit., ii., j;. 24. 

Bronze 
Imperial Times 

Augustus 



Head of Augustus r., bare ; in front, C 



TT'^'rt (in front, downwards) 
\C7-i (behind, upwards) 
Head of Apollo r., laur. ; no border. 



[Plate xciii. 1.] 

OEA 

Bronze 

Imperial Times 

Tlie attributes that accompany the head on the Obv. of No. 1 maTce it probable 

that Livia is represented in the bust. All the coins here described 

are of unusually good style. 



Livia 



Bust of Livia r. , draped ; hair in knot 
behind ; behind head, ear of corn on 
stalk ; in front, peacock r. 



Similar ; no attributes. 



l-o^X (in front, upwards) 

Bust of Athena 1., wearing crested 
Corinthian helmet and aegis. 



Similar. 



[Plate xciii. 3.] 



582 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Revebse 



Tiberius 



26.^ 



6 -222-5 



AH 1'2 
JE 1-2 

M 1-15 



196 



.E 1-15 



295 M l-l 



161-5 I M -95 



146 M -59 



Tl CAESAR AVGVSTVS 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Tiberius 1., bare; in front, 
eagle standing facing, holding a palm- 
branch in its beak ; behind, branch of 
laurel. 



foZX (behind, downwards) 

Bust of Apollo r., laur. and draped ; 
hair in long I'inglets ; in front, kithara ; 
all within wreath of laui'el. 



[Plate xciii. 4.] 



SABRATA 

Bronze 
Imperial Times 

The foUowinr/ coins, especially No. 2 [which is almost harharons), 
((/•(' very inferior in style to those immediately preceding . 



Augustus 



CAESAR (behind, downwards) 

Head of Augustus r., bare ; in front, 
lituus ; all within laurel-wreath. 



|orq9V (behind, upwards) 

Head of bearded Herakles r., laur. 



Similar. 



no wreath visible; much worn. 



(no letters visible beneath) 

[P(,ATE XCIII. 6.] 



Similar ; but in front, downwards. 
. . . . q^ 

obscure countermark i^ ?) 



CAESAR (behind, do\vnward.s) 

Head of Augustus r., bare ; in front, 
litaus. 



|ot'«\eT (behind, upwards) 

Head of Sarapis r., wearing modius ; 
beard in formal curls. 

beneath neck, X h X • Z I 

[Pl.vte xciii. 5.] 

in front, ^ 



BYZACENE 



583 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Eevekse 


1 
1 

1 






BYZACENE 

AOHULLA 

Bronze 

Imperial Times 

Augustus 

This coin is interesting, as probably giving a portrait of Varus, wliose pro consulship 

in Africa doubtless preceded immediately his governorship in Syria. 

(See supra, pp. 148 f., Nos. 54 &.) 


1 






AVG PONT MAX 

(above, from r. to 1.) 


ACHVLLA (in front, upwards) 
Head of Quinctilius Varus r. ; behind, 








C L (in field, beneath) 

Head of Augustus 1., bare; to 1., small 
head of Cains Caesar r., and to r., 


1 

downwards, P • QVI NCTLI -V ARI 


1 


126 


.E Mo 


similar head of Lucius Caesar 1. 


[Plate xcni. 7.] 








HADRUMETUM 








Beonze 








First Century B.C. 








Head of Poseidon v. ; trident over 


Head of Helios 1., radiate. 








shoulder. 




1 


8. 


M -7 












THAENA 








Beonze 








Imperial Times 








Augustus 








DIVI-F (to 1., upwards) 

CAESAR (to r., upwards) 

Head of Augustus r., bare. 


riT-oP (in front, downwards) 

Bust of Astarte r., draped, wearing 
necklace and high head-dress. 


1 


162 


JE 1-2 












THAPSUS 








Bronze 








Imperial Times 








Tiberius 








TICAE AVG F IMP 

Vll (from beneath, towards 1.) 
Head of Tiberius r., bare. 


THAPSV/v\ IVNAVG 

(from 1., upwards) 
Head of Livia 1., veiled, wearing earring 
and wreath of corn. 


1 


198 


^ M 







584 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



Mktal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reveesk 



125-5 
125 



M -9 
M -9 



1 i UQ ; A" -3 



252-7 



THYSDRUS 

Eronze 

Imperial Times 



Augustus 



IMPAVG P-P (from 1., upwards) 

Head of Augustus 1., bare. 



Sy^ lt/|l (™ front, upwards) 

Head of Astarte r., wearing stephane 
and veil ; behind, cruciform stylis. 



.11 1 



ZEUGITANA 

CARTHAGE 

AND 

CARTHAGINIAN POSSESSIONS 

Circa 410—310 B.C. 

Carthage loas singularly slow to adopt the practice of minting money. It was only 
in the course of her second great invasion of Sicily that her rulers became fidly alive 
to the convenience of coins. The dies for her earliest pieces were cut by Greek artists, 
and irere modelled on the coinage of Syracuse (Nos. 2 and 4 — 10). Those modelled 
on the tetradrachms of Alexander the Great [Nos. 11 — 15) mitst belong to the period 
immediately preceding the evacuation of 310 B.C. 

Gold 

The following may be a trihemiobol of the Phoeaiciau standard. 

Palm-tree, with fruit ; border of dots. Horse's head r. ; border of dots. 

in front, *,• 
[Plate xciii. 8.] 

Silver 
Euboic-Attic .Standard 

T etr adraclims 

The tetradrachms fall into groups according to the inscr. Xo. 2 is uninscribed, 

and Xo.'f. 3 — 5 have only a single letter, which does not enable 

their group to be determined. 



Head of Persephone 1., as on Syracusan 
coins of Euainetos ; she -wears wreath 
of corn, necklace, and earring of three 
drops; around, four dolphins; border 
of dots. 



Horse advancing slo-vvly r. ; behind, palm- 
tree, with fruit. 



ZEUGITANA 



585 



No. 



7 
8 
9 

10 



11 



12 



13 



Weight 



260-5 



264-8 
259-6 



258-9 



266 

261-5 

260-1 

258-8 



259 



258-8 



257 



VOL. III. 



Metal 
Size 



.R 1 



M 1 

.R -85 



M -9 



M 1 
M 1 
M 1 

M -95 



M 1-05 



M 1 



M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similai' type ; earring of single drop ; no 
dolphins ; beHnd head, «y ; no border. 



Similar ; but type 1. 



[Plate xciii. 9.] 



Similar to No. 2 ; no border visible. 

beneath chin, pellet, 
no pellet. 



Head of horse 1. ; behind, palm-tree vpitli 
fruit ; beneath, i/j 



The inner, on No. 6 gives the name of ' Carthage.' 



Forepart of horse, galloping 1. ; in front, 
grain of corn ; above, Nike flying 1., 
holding wreath over horse's head; 
border obscure. 



st,«j./A^ /-^ [*^] (in field, beneath) 
Palm-tree with fruit. 



Tlie inscription slwios that Nos. 7—13 loere struclc at the ' Gamp: 
Similar to Nos. 4 f . 



(beneath chin, petunculus shell) 



■j-i S^'y'yC- (beneath) 

Similar to Nos. 4 f . ; plain border. 

(no border) 



[Plate xciii. 10.] 



Head of young Herakles r., wearing 
lion's skin, as on coins of Alexander 
the Great ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar ; of later style. 



Similar; beneath, /-^^O^y^y" ; style 
better ; border of dots. 



[Plate xciii. 11.] 

in front, ear of com on stalk. 

4 E 



586 



NORTHEBN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



14 1 260-8 

15 i 266-3 



Mktal 
Size 



JR -95 

M -85 



Similar. 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Nos. 14, 15 u-ere issued in the name of the 'Paymasters.' 

Similar ; with y^'^^y beneath. 
[Plate xciii. 12.] 



16 

17 

18 



19 



20 



21 



22 
23 



192 

186-5 
161-5 



142 



80 



120 



68 
65 



M 1 

M -95 

M 1 



JE 1-05 



M -65 



M -8 



M -7 
M '65 



Bronze 

The exact attribution of the following bronze coins is doubtful. The relief 

on Nos. 16 — 19 is low, but the style is much superior to ordinary 

Carthaginian loork. 



Head of Persephone 1., wearing wreath 
of com and earring of three drops ; 
border of dots. 



Head of horse r. ; in front, ^ ; plain 
border. 



[Plate xcui. 13.] 



Head of Apollo r., laur. ; border of dots. 



Horse walking r. ; above, radiate disk, 
flanked by two uraei 1. and r. ; plain 
border. 



On Xos. 20 — 23 the relief is higher, but the loorlc is not so good. See also 
the coins described as ' Siculo-Punic,' in Vol. I., p. 257. 



Head of Athena 1., wearing crested 
Corinthian helmet. 



Palm-tree, with fruit ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Head of horse r. ; in front, )^ 



Similar type. 



Similar type ; plain border. 



ZEUGITANA 



587 



No. 



Weight 



146-9 
143-7 



109 



Metal 
Size 



N -7 
.V -7 



N -3 



27 


101 


28 


87 


29 


103 


30 


72 


31 


78-5 


32 


72 


33 


72-5 


34 


86 



M -85 
M -75 
^ -75 
M -75 
M -8 
M -75 
M -75 
M -7.5 



Obverse 



Eevebse 



CVy-ca 340—242 B.C. 

Ji?t'cn a/ier Carthage began to strike money on her own account, her issues were for 

a time very limited. It cannot he certainly affirmed that any of the following pieces 

(except Nos. 49 — 52, q.v.) loere stnich at Carthage itself. 

Gold 

If Nos. 24 f. are strucTc on the Fhoeuician standard {which is doubtful), they must 
be pieces of tioo and a half drachms. No. 26 is not only lighter than No. 1, 
which it resembles ; it is also distinctly later in style. 



Head of Persephone 1., wearing earring 
of three drops, necklace with pendants, 
and wreath of corn, one blade, which 
curves back, being specially prominent ; 
border of dots. 



Horse standing r. ; border of dots. 



[Plate xciii. 14.] 



Similar to No. 1. 



Similar to No. 1. 
nothing in front. 



Bronze 

]^os. 27 34 are, oit the lohole, rather better in style than the similar pieces 

catalogued below as Nos. Ill — 129 (q.v.). 



Similar to Nos. 24 f. 



(beneath, pellet.) 



(behind, pellet.^ 



Head of horse r. ; border of dots. 

in front, star of six rays. 

as preceding. 

in front, *. • 

in front, large pellet. 

in front, palm-tree ; beneath, pellet. 



in front, palm-tree. 



4 F 2 



588 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reveese 


35 


46-5 


M -6 


Similar tjpe; plain border. 


Horse standing r. ; in background, palm- 
tree ; in front, . •. ; plain border. 








[Plate xciii. 15.] 


36 


43-5 


M -6 




two dots off coin. 


37 


31-5 


M -bo 


Similar ; style later. 


one dot off coin. 

Similar ; but in front, •*• ; style later. 


38 


62-5 


JE -65 












All of the folloiving group (Nos. 39 — 42) except No. 41 are restruck on coins Jtaving 








types si)iular to Nos. 3.5 — 37. The style is good. 


39 


43-5 


M -65 


Head of Persephone 1., -vvitliin a wreath 
formed by two ears of corn on stalks. 


Free horse, prancing r. 








[Plate xciii. 16.] 


40 


38-5 


M -65 






41 


36 


iE -6 






42 


33-5 


^ -7 






43 


24 


jiSj "55 


Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 24 f. ; 
border plain (?). 


Free horse prancing r. ; plain border. 








The symbol on the Eeo. possibly indicates some connection between Xos. 44 and 45. 


44 


113-5 


M -9 


Palm-tree, with fruit ; plain border. 

[Plate x( 


Horse standing r. ; in background, cadu- 
ceus upright ; plain border. 

nil. 17.] 


45 


31 


^ -65 


Head of Persephone 1.,, as on Nos. 24 f£. ; 
plain border. 


Horse standing r. ; in background, palm- 
tree ; in front, caduceus upright ; plain 
border. 


46 


54 


M -65 


Similar to No. 44. 


Pegasos flying 1. ; plain border. 


47 


47-5 


^ -65 




beneath, ^ 



ZEUGITANA 



689 



No. Weisht 


Mktal 
Size 


i 





J:8 



0-i 



M -65 



49 
50 
51 



115-4 


El. 


■75 


114-3 


El. 


•75 


114-9 


El. 


•75 



52 



101-5 



M -75 



Obverse 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Reverse 



Horse standing r., with head turned back; 
in front, . •. ; border of dots. 



.Vos. 49—52 resemble K,u<. 24 f. in style. The relief, hoicecer, is rather jiatlev. 

A condaslee proof that theij are later, and also that they were certainly minted 

at Carthage, is the fact that, unlihe any of the coins that precede, they 

have been struck from hinged dies — a characteristic which they hare 

in common with Nos. 53 — 110.* 

Electrum 
Phoenician Standard 



Similar to Nos. 24 f. 
in front of neck, dot. 

no dot. 



Didrachms 

Similar to Nos. 24 f. 
in ex., •.• 



ex. granulated. 
[Plate xciii. 18.] 



Bronze 



Similar. 



Head of horse r. ; in front, disk, -within 
crescent 1. ; plain border. 



[Plate xciii. 19.] 



* See p. 568, footnote. On Nos. 1 — 48 the relative adjustment of the dies is entirely 
capricious. There is not a single instance of ^ T^. It is, of course, impossible to say 
■whether loose dies -were ever used at Carthage or not. If they were, tben Nos. 24f. and 
probably some of the bronze pieces just described were struck there. What is certain is 
that at a comparatively early period hinged dies were introduced, and that tliey continued to 
be employed down to 146 B.C. In the case of Nos. 49 — 110 the dies are, without exception, 
most accurately adjusted "{^ ^. Mr. Hill has again examined for me the corresponding 
trays in the B.M., which contain a much larger number of examples. He tells me that the 
conclusions here stated are fully borne out by the B.M. evidence. Out of 26 electrum pieces 
all are regular save one, a coin similar to Miiller, ii., p. 86, No. 76, where the dies have been 
placed 1^ ^. All the silver is regular, except a curious group = Miiller, ii., p. 87, No. 87, 
every one of five specimens of which is irregular — a peculiarity which seems to me to suggest 
that they are non-Carthaginian in their origin (cf. infra, p. .597, footnote to Nos. Ill £f.). 
All the potin coins are regular, and so are all the bronze pieces except the groups correspond- 
ing to Nos. Ill — 129, regarding which see footnote ad loc. 



590 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



53 



64 



167 



42-9 



431 



5G 

57 



58 



24 



El. -9 



El, -65 



El. -55 



19-7 



El. '4 
El. -4 



El. -4 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Circa 241—146 B.C. 

The acquisition of the Spanish mines ushered in a period of great monetary activity 

at Carthage. Electrum {not gold)* silver and bronze coins were issued abundantly. 

Tou-ards the end of the period the electrum contained hut little gold, lohile potin 

apparently toolc the place of silver.-\ 

Electeum 
llie electrum coins here described belong to different periods, and apparently to 
different standards also. Nos. 56 f. are certainly the oldest, Nos. 54 f. are 
probably the latest. No. 53 resembles Nos. 75 f., and is not far removed 
in time from No. 59, lohile No. 54 is contemporary with No. 87. 



Head of Persepbone 1., wearirg wreath 
of cox'n, earring of three drops, and 
necklace with pendants ; ringlets escape 
beneath and behind the main mass of 
hair. 



Horse standing r. ; above, radiate disk 
flanked by two uraei. 



[Plate xciii. 20.] 



Similar type, of late style; earring of 
single drop ; no pendants on necklace ; 
plain border. I 



Horse advancing slowly r. ; plain border. 



[Plate xciil 21.] 



Similar type ; earring 
plain border. 



of three drops ; 



Similar type, of earlier style ; earring of 
single drop ; no necklace ; no loose 
ringlets ; border of dots. 



Horse standing r., with halter about neck; 
plain border. 



Horse standing r., with head turned back; 
border of dots. 



[Plate xciii. 22.] 



Similar type, of later style ; loose ringlets ; 
border of dots. 



Head of horse r. ; plain border. 



* In some cases the proportion of silver is small, and this had led to certain coins 
being described as ^. 

t The evidence of style, however, indicates that some at least of the potin coins are 
earlier than the latest silver. 

t The border is intersected in front by a second circle, only part of which is visible : 
this is found also in No. 87. i'or a somewhat similar phenomenon see Hill, Ward Collection 
Catalogue, p. 34, No. 231, with references. 



ZEDGITANA 



691 



No, 



59 



60 
61 
62 

63 



65 
66 



Weight 



702-5 



189-5 

198 

203-8 

.200-3 



64 134-8 



114-7 
114 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Silver 

Lilce the electvum, the siUer is of very varying style and standard. No. 59, which 

is a dodekadrachm of Phoenician weight, has distinct stylistic affinity 

with No. 74 (potin) and No. 86 (bronze). 



I Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 24 f . ; 
but necklace has no pendants; border 
of dots. 



.R 1-5 



M -95 
M 1 
M 1 

M 1 



M -8 



M -75 
JR -75 



Free horse prancing 1. ; border of dots. 
[Plate xciii. 24.] 



Nos. 60 — 63 are Thoeniciaii didrachms. They are remarhahle as having 

a serrated edge. There roas a corresponding issue of electvum 

(Mailer, ii.,p. 86, Nos. 70 ff.). 



Similar type ; earring of single drop ; 
border of dots. 



Horse advancing slowly r. ; plain border. 

beneath, O 

betvifeen forelegs, ^t» (?) 

beneath, 0'\ 
[Plate xciii. 23.] 

above, 3 



No. 64, which is of poor workmanship, seems to hear 
a mark of value.* 



Similar type ; necklace has pendants. 



Horse standing r. 
above, II III H [=25] 



Nos. 65 — 67 appear to he Phoenician didrachms. Nos. 65 f. are fairly 
early in style, while No. 67 is very late. 



Similar to Nos. 60 ff. 



Horse standing r., with head turned back; 
in the background, a palm-tree; in 
front, star of eight rays ; border of 
dots, 



* If so, it indicates a tmit of about 6 grains. See Zobel de Zangrdniz, Sbiudio Ustdrico 
de la moiieda antigua Espa'iiola, i. , p. US, 



".02 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. I Weight 



67 , 111-6 



68 



G9 



70 



71 



72 



ni 



ri-4 



751 



59-8 



29 7 



Metal 
Size 



.R -9 



M -75 



M -7 



M -7 



28-2 I .R -55 



M. -6 



.'R -M 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Head of Persephone 1., wearing necklace, 
earring of three drops, and wreath of 
corn; ringlets hang down behind; style 
late ; border of dots. 



Free horse prancing r. ; above, large star 
of eight rays ; border of dots. 



[Plate xciii. 25.] 

Nos. 68 f. represent the same denomination, hut they differ much in style, 
No. 68 heinff greatly superior. 



Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 66 f. ; 
border of dots. 



Similar, of poor style ; earring lias three 
drops. 



Horse standing r., looking back, and 
raising its 1. forefoot ; beneath, u ; 
border of dots. 



Horse standing r., with halter about neck; 
above, Nike flying r. 



No. 70 IS a Phoenician drachm. It is ahin in style to the bronze coins 
catalogued as Nos. 78 f. and Nos. 83 — 85. 



Head of Persephone 1., wearing wreath of 
corn, necklace, and earring of single 
drop; ringlets fall down freely, and 
one appears in front of neck. 

no border visible. 



Horse standing r. ; above,- radiate disk ; 
beneath, O 



border of dots (?) 



The following may be Phoenician hemidrachms. No. 71 is aldn to No. SO, and 

No. 72 to Nos. 81 f. 



Similar type ; no ringlet visible in front 
of neck. 



(necklace not visible.) 



Horse standing r. ; plain border. 
[Plate xcni. 26.] 



Similar type, of slightly later style ; plain 
border. 



Similar type ; later style ; border of dots. Similar. 



Similar, 
beneath, pellet. 



ZEUGITANA 



593 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



74 i 1677 



Pot. 1 



75 



109-4 



76 53-5 



Al -9 



M -7 



77 ; 42 



M -65 



79 



1520 
1410 



M 1-i 
M 1-: 



80 



303 



M 1-2 



Obverse 



Reverse 



PriTiN 

A'o$. 75 mid 76 are mihc/j riij'/ce in style, and seem to he a didraclim and drachm 
of riioeiiicitiii wei(j]it. No. 74 uiatj be a tridracJun of the same standard. 



Head of Pevseplione 1., as on No. 59. 

[Plate xciv. 1.] 



Horse standing r. ; in background, palm- 
tree ; between hind-legs, pellet. 



Silver 



Head of Persepbone 1., as on No. 58. 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Head of Per.seplione 1., as on No. 64 
plain border. 



Horse standing r. ; between hind-legs, A ; 
beneath, W ; wreath border. 



Similar type ; above, H (?) ; beneath, i^ ; 
border of dots. 



Horse standing r. ; above, star of seven 
rays ; plain border. 



Beokze 

There is much general resemhlance between the coins included in the following 

group. No. 80 is probably slightly earlier than Nos. 81 f , and these again are 

earlier than Nos. 78 f. and Nos. 83 — 85. 



Head of Persephone 1., as on No. 70. 



Head of Persephone 1., as on No. 71 ; 
plain border. 



Horse standing r. ; above, radiate disk, 
flanked by two uraei; beneath, >0^ 



no letter visible beneath. 



Horse standiijg r. ; in background, a palm- 
tree ; plain border. 



beneath, ^^ ; in front, }^ 

[Plate xciv. 2.] 



4 G 



594 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Eeverse 


81 


298 


JE 1-2 


Head of Persephone 1., as on No. 72 ; 
plain border. 


Similar. 

beneath, (j^; nothing in front. 


82 


243 


M 12 


Head of Persephone 1., as on No. 70; 
border of dots. 


no letter visible ; halter about neck. 

Horse, with halter about neck, advancing 
slowly r. ; plain border. 


83 


276-5 


M 1-1 




beneath, pellet. 








[Plate xciv. 3.] 


84 


296 


M 1-1 




beneath, >^ 


85 


281 


M 1-1 


Head of Persephone 1., as on No. 59 ; 
boi'der of dots. 


beneath, <y 

Horse standing r. ; in background, a 
palm-tree. 


86 


243 


M 1-1 




in front, >^ 


87 


185-5 


zE -95 


Head of Persephone ]., as on No. 54 ; 
plain border.* 


Horse standing r., looking back, and 
holding 1. forefoot raised ; double plain 
border. 








[Plate xciv. 4.] 


88 


140 


JE -9 


Similar type ; border of dots. 


Similar type; horse raises r. forefoot; 
plain border. 








[Plate xciv. 5.] 








Xox. 89—98 ajipear to represent the same denomination. Variation in style 








proves that theij belong to different periods. Xo. 98 is akin 








to Nos. 78 f. 








Head of Persephone 1., vpearing wreath of 
corn, necklace with pendants, and ear- 
ring of three drops. 


Horse, with halter about neck, standing 
r., looking back and holding 1. forefoot 
raised ; plain border. 


89 


130-5 


Ai -9 


border obscure. 

* See supra, p. 59 


beneath, }^ 

t 

0, No. 54, footnote. 



ZEUGITANA 



595 



No. 


Weigei 


Metal 
Size 


Obvekse 


Reverse 








Similar type, of slightly different style. 


Similar. 


90 


91 


M -85 


border obscure. 


beneath, /\ 


91 


84 


M -9 


border plain. 


beneath, /\ 


92 


81 


.E -85 


Similar type ; earring of single drop ; no 
pendants on necklace ; border of dots. 


Horse, with halter about neck, standing 
r,, looking back ; in background, pole 
surmounted by palmetto. 


93 


114 


.E -85 




in front, /\ 


94 


108-5 


M -8 


Similar type; style different; beneath 
neck, disk, flanked by two uraei ; 


in front, /\ 

Similar type ; in background, caduceus (?) ; 
border of dots. 


95* 


114 


M -85 


border of dots. 

[Plate 


beneath, ^ ; in front, obscure letter, 
xciv. 6.] 


96 


112 


JE -85 


Similar ; style slightly different ; nothing 
visible beneath. 


beneath, ^ ; in front, ^ 

Similar type ; nothing in background ; 
plain border. 


97 


135 


M -85 


Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 78 f. 


beneath, <^ ; in front, ^ 

Horse stepping r. ; in background, long 
caduceus ; border of dots. 


98 


1005 


JE -85 


no border visible. 










No. 99 is evidently closely related in time to No. 97. 








Head of Persephone 1., as on No. 97 ; 
border of dots(?). 


Horse, with halter about- neck, standing 
r., looking back ; no border visible. 


99 


42 


M -6 




beneath, ^ ; in front, ^ 








* On No. 95 the dies are not adjusted with the same perfect exactness as on other 


i 






coins classed here; see supra, p. 589, footuot 


e. 



4 G 2 



596 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



100 



101 



102 



103 



104 

105 
106 
107 
108 



109 



234 



70-5 



118 



86 



129 

114 

85-5 
83 
67 '5 



31 



110 I 38 



Metal 
Size 



M 1-25 



JE -8 



M -85 



M -8 



M -85 

^ -75 

M -8 

M -8 

M -8 



M -6 



JE -Bo 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Nog. 100 110 are, for He most part, very late in style. All, hoivecer, liuve been 

struclc from Jiinged dies like the preceding pieces. 



Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 24 f. ; 
style late; relief flat; border doubtful. 



Horse standing r. ; above, radiate disk, 
flanked by two uraei. 



[Plate xciv. 7.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 

beneath, <^ ; in front, doubtful letter. 



Head of Persephone 1., wearing wreath ! Horse, with halter about neck, standing 

r., looking back ; above, star of seven 
rays ; plain border. 



of corn, earring, and necklace; plain 
border. 



in front, ^ 

[Plate xciv. 8.] 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar ; no star ; no letter. 



I Similar ; beneath, ^ J in front, ^ 
[Plate xciv. 9.] 



[Plate xciv. 10.] 



Head of Persephone 1., as on No. 100 ; 
plain border. 



Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 78 f. ; 
border of dots. 



Head of horse r. ; plain border. 



Palm-tree with fruit ; plain border. 



ZEUGITANA 



697 



No. 



Ill 



114 



115 
116 
117 



118 
119 



Weight Metal 
Size 



113 ; 223 



70 



76 



64-5 



86 

85 



208 j M 1-15 



11:2 232 , .E 1-05 



.E 1-2 



yE 



M -75 
M -75 

M -75 



^ -7: 
Ai -8 



Obverse 



Bevekse 



style, notaUy A... 118f„ «„d are oUiousUj coa^ideraUy earlier La .t oftke 

co,nsjust descrM Others again are sM^n l,y tUir poor execution to le late 

The inference ^stl^at these series ^oere not struclc in Cartharje itself, lut in so.ne 

Cartha,j,nu,H settlement abroad, probably Sardiiua.'^ 



Bbokze 



Head oP Persephone 1., wearing corn- 
wreath, earring of three drops, and 
necklace; plain border. 



Similar ; no border visible. 



Similar ; later style ; behind, crescent 
downwards, enclosing disk ; plain 



border. 



Head of horse r. ; in front, caducens ; 
above, star of eight rajs; border of 
dots. 



Similar tjpe ; no border visible. 



Similar type ; in front, W 



[Plate xciv. 11.] 



Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 24 f. ; 
border of dots. 



Head of horse r. ; in front, Phoenician 
letters ; border of dots. 



[Plate xciv. 12.] 



Similar; but necklace has no pendants. 



Similar. 

y 
y 
y 

Similar ; better style. 

O 

O 



* After Nos. Ill — 129 had been placed in a class apart as a result of the 'die-test,' I 
found that the series they represent had already been assigned to Sardinia, on ground* of 
provenance, by Spano (Bull. Sard., 1858, pp. 65 ff.) and Muller (op. cit., ii., p. 108). This 
independent confirmation of Spano's attribution seems very strong. Possibly Nos. 27 — 34 
Tnay be Sardinian also. 



Similar ; better style, 



598 



SORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



]20 



121 
122 
123 
124 



125 



126 



12S 



129 



Weiuht 



94 



168-5 
138 
121 
110-5 



97 



98-, 



127 94-5 



113 



87 



Metal 
Size 



JE -9 



M -9 

M -85 

M -85 

M -9 



JE -85 



JE -9 



M -9 



M -95 



M -8 



Obvehsb 



Eeveese 



Similar type ; style poor ; plain border. 



Similar. 



Similar ; border of dots. 



Similar ; style different ; necklace has 
pendants. 



Horse standing r. ; in front, Phoenician 
letter; plain border. 

Similar ; but Phoenician letter beneath. 






Similar. 

r 



Similar; beneath, ^ 
[Plate xciv. 13.] 



Similar type ; earring of single drop ; 
plain border. 



Horse standing r., looking back, and hold- 
ing 1. forefoot raised ; plain border. 

beneath, >0^ 



[Plate xciv. 14.] 



Head of Persephone 1., as on Nos. 102 ff.; 
border of dots. 



Horse standing r. ; * in front, pellet ; 
beneath, Cj 



The head is absolutely worn away, so that it is impossible to determine the attitude. 



ZEUGITANA 



599 



No. 



130 



131 
132 
133 
134 
135 



136 
137 



138 
139 



Weight 



59 



57 

63 

83 

62-5 

56-5 



175 
173-5 



99 

89 



Metal 
Size 



N -65 



M -8 

2& -7 

JE -7 

M -7 

M -7 



m 1-15 
M 1-05 



M -9 
JE -9 



Obverse 



Heveesk 



A'os. 130 — 143 are assigned hy Mi'iJler (op. cit., ii., pp. 146 f.) to Sardinia, ore 

grounds of provenance. They are later than the abandonment of the island by 

Carthage, and may represent the currency that replaced the coins just described. 

Gold 
Phoenician Drachm 



Head of Persephone 1., wearing core- 
wreath, earring of three drops, and 
necklace with pendants. 



Bull standing r. ; on its flank, A (?) ; 
above, large star of eight rays ; beneath, 
crescent, downwards, enclosing pellet. 



[Platu xciv. 15.] 



Bkonze 



Similar ; beneath chin, H 



Similar ; but nothing on flauk, and nothing 
beneath ; plain border.* 



beneath neck, W 

beneath neck, -f)" 

beneath neck, -/^ 

beneath neck, -^v 
[Plate xciv. 16.] 

The following are coarser in style than the preceding pieces. Several denominations 
are represented. The pieces loithout a border are rougher than the rest. 



Similar type ; border of dots. 



Similar ; but beneath chin, ^ 



Three ears of corn tied together; above 
that in centre, crescent downwards, en- 
closing disk; between ears, Phoenician 
letters ; border of dots. 

/\ 7 

as preceding. 



Similar. 

A ^ 

no letters. 



The border is not visible on Nos. 131 f. 



600 



KOETHER^^ AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



140 



141 

142 



143 



144 
145 



146 



39-5 



.545 
541 



123 



147 t ILS 



Metal 
Size 



^ -7 



173 JE 1 
123 M -95 



97 1 M -9 



Ai, 1-2 



M 1-3 



.E -9 



--E -9 





Obverse 


Rever.se 


Similar ; 


nothing beneatli chin. 


Similar, 
no letters. 


Similar ; 


no border. 


Similar ; no border. 



Similar. 



' Similar. 

^ O 

[Plate xciv. 17.] 



I'liiler liomiin Dominion 

The restfli-dtion of Carthage as a Boman colony under Julius Caesar and Augustus 

resulted in mailing the city once more a place of importance. The names 

on Kos. 144 f. are those of the ' Siiff'etes.' 



Augustus 



Heads of Julius Caesar and of Augustus, 
jugate r., bare; around, from r. up- 
wards, ARISTOA\VTVA\BAL- 
RICOCE SVF 



KAR (beneath) Telrastyle temple facing; 
panelling of walls shown ; around, fx'om 
r., upwards, VE N E RIS 



Tiberius 



Tl CAESAR IMPP P 

(from r., downwards) 
Head of Tiberius r., bare. 



inscr. partly off coin. 



Similar; but inscr. from 1., upwards, and 
type 1. 



L^FAVSTVS DC BASSVS 
1 1 V I R (from r., downwards) 
Li via, draped and veiled, seated r. 
on throne, holding patera in r., and 
leaning with 1. on sceptre; in field, 

P r» 

D D 

inscr. partly off coin. 



Similar. 



inscr. partly off coin. 



ZEUGITANA 



601 



No. 



1-19 



Weight 



148 i -28 



■J3(i 



241 
205 



Metal 
Size 



M -5 



7E 105 



.E 1 
3l, 1-1 



Obvkbse 



Reverse 



The foUowincj harharous coins are imitations of Caiihaijinian moneij. 

Silver 

Horse standing 1. ; beliind, palm-tree. 



Female head 1. ; hair in long ringlets ; 
border of dots. 



[Plate xciv. 18.] 



Beonzb 



Head of Persephone 1., wearing wreath 
of corn and earring ; border of dots. 



Horse standing 1., looking back; border 
of dots. 



UTICA 

Beonze 

First Century B.C. 

The aitrihutioH to Utica of Nos. 1 and 2 is not certain. 



Heads of the Dioskouroi, jugate r., laur. 



and surmounted by stars. 



IXf'i^ (above) Horses of the Dioskouroi, 



trotting r. 
[Plate xciv. 19.] 



76 



216 



M -9 



M 1-15 



Imperial Times 

Utiea became a ' mvnicipiiim,'' loith the title ' Julium,' when its inhabitants received 

the Boman citir.enship (36 B.C.). The significance of the second ' M' iS doubtftd. 

The coins were isstied ' decreto decurionimi, permissu proconsidis.' 



Tiberius 



TICAEDIVIAVG FAVGIMPVII 

(from ]., upwards) 
Head of Tiberius r., bare. 



inscr. partly off coin. 



[MJMIVLVTI DDPP 

(from 1,, upwards) 
Livia, draped and veiled, seated r. on 
throne, holding patera in r., and lean- 
ing with 1. on scejatre. 



The Jtev. of Nos. 4 ff. gives the name of the magistrate responsible for the issue 
(F-C- =^'' facitindiim curarit'), as loell as the name of the proconsul during whose, 
tenure of office the coins were struch. A'o.s. 8 — 10 also bear the name either of Kero 
Caesar or of Drusus Caesar as ' quinquennalis.' 



TICAESARDIVIAVGFAVGVSTI 
AAPVIII (from 1., upwards) 
Head of Tiberius ]., bare. 



^ ^ (infield) 

Similar type; around, from beneath 
towards 1., LCAECILIVSPIVSTiV 
CVIBIOAAARSO PRCOS II 



[Plate xciv. 20.] 



4 H 



602 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



10 



11 



Weight 



219 



201 



191-5 



183 



169 



205-5 



191 



Metal 
Size 



JE 1-1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar. 



M 1-15 



M 1-2 



M 1-2 



M 1-2 



M 1-2 



M 1-2 



Similar, with TICAESARDIVI AVG 
FAVG IMPVIII 



Similar to Nos. 4 f. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Simila 



Similar ; but head r. 



Similar, with QCAECILI VSIOVIN- 
IIV FC- CVIBIOA\ARSOPR-COS 
II 



Similar, with S EXTADI VSFAVSTV 
SIIVCVIBIOMARSOPRCOSII 



Similar, with SIVSTVSl ICVI 

BIOMARSOP 

(from r., downwards) 



Similar ; but in field, p „ , and around, 

from r., downwards, NECAEQPR 
AMGEMELLVSFCCVIBMAR 
SOPRCOS* 



Similar ; but inscr. from beneath to- 
wards 1. 



Similar, with DRCAEQPRTCRVFV 
SFCCVIBMARSOPRCOS* 

(from r., downwards) 



Similar, with CAELI VSPAXAVFlVI 
RCVIBIOMARSOPROCOSIII 

(from beneath, towards 1.) 



* For the proper interpretation of these inscriptions, see .Borghesi, (Euvres covipletes, 
i., pp. 480 ff. l = Osseivazioni Numismatiche, Dec. x., Oss. v.]. His suggestion of 'munitum' 
for the second ' ^^ ' on Nos. 3 ff. should also be noted (I.e., p. 475). 



ISLANDS 



G03 



No. 



Weight 



92 



105 
85 



85 
64 
59 



95 
69-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -9 



M -9 
M '9 



M -75 
M -75 
M -7 



^ -9 
M -9 



Obverse 



Reverse 



ISLANDS BETWEEN AFRICA AND SICILY* 

COSSURA 

Bronze 
Second Century B.C. 

The Phoenician inscr. on the following possibly means ' island of victories.' f 

The Egyptian character of the types is remarleahle. This is noticeable also at 

Slelita, where, however, Greelc influence malces itself felt. I 



head 



r., wearing modius and 
over her head, a wig-Hke 



Female 

collar ; over iier Jtiead, a 
arrangement which falls down over 
her neck, while a single long ringlet 
descends on each side in front ; fore- 
part of serpent projects over forehead ; 
border of dots. 



"l^l'^f' Laurel- wreath containing inscr. ; 
border of dots. 



[Plate xciv. 21,] 



Same head 1., with nraei, disk, and plumes 
on modius; in front, Nike flying r., 
holding wreath in outstretched hands; 
border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



[Plate xciv. 22.] 



Similar. 



First Century B.C 
Similar type ; later style ; border of dots 



COSSVRA Laurel-wreath containing 
inscr. ; border of dots. 



countermark, D^D 



* In arranging the coinage of these islands, I have followed the gnidance of Albert Mayr's 
admirable Die antiken MiXnuen der Jnseln Malta, Oozo und PantelUrm (Munich, 1894). No. 33 
of Melita is the only variety Mayr has not noted. 

+ See Mayr, op. cU., p. 27. X See Mayr, op. cit, p. 39. 

4 H 2 



604 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



9 
10 

11 

I?, 



Weight 



197-5 

143-5 
116-5 



51 
43 



119 

112 

97 



Metal 
Size 



174-5 i ^ 1 

i 

143 ! ^ 1 



M 1 

M 1-05 
M 1 



M -65 

M -7 - 



.'-E -85 



.E -9 



M -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Similar head r., wearing flat head-dress ; 
■ ill front, tbymiaterion ; behind, Nike 
flying r., extending wreath ; border of 
dots. 



Similar ; but above iiiscr., S 



countermark, REG 

[Plate xciv. 23.] 

countermarks, REG , eagle with wing 
open and head 1., and Capricorn r. 

as preceding. 

as preceding. 



GAULOS 

Bronze 
First Century B.C. 



Female head r., wearing Corinthian 
helmet ; behind, two pellets ; in front, 
V ; beneath, large crescent, upwards ; 
border of dots. 



rAYAimN (on 1., upwards) 

Warrior wearing cuirass and crested 
helmet, standing r,, holding spear 
poised in r. hand, and shield on 1. 
arm; beneath shield, large star of six 
rays ; plain border. 



[Plate xciv. 24.] 



ME LIT A 

Bronze 



Scfond and First Centuries B.C. 

Lilce the other islands of this group, Melita striwli no money until after it passed 

under the control of Home. TIte exact significance of the Phoenician legend on the 

Her. of .Yd.s. 1 — IS is doubtful.* The Egyptian character of some of the 

earlier types is very noticeable. 



Head of Herakles r., with curled hair 
and beard ; in front, caduceus ; border 
of dots. 



llT (beneath) Sacrificial cap, rising to 
a high point ; all within wreath ; 
border of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 1.] 



* Mayr, op. cit., pp. 12 ff. 



ISLANDS BETWEEN AFRICA AND SICILY 



605 



No. 



8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 

14 



15 
16 
17 
18 



Weight 



67 
54 



22 



Metal 
Size 



-t 


207 


5 


198 


6 


196 


7 


189-5 1 



^ 1-15 

.£ 1-15 

M 1-15 

JE 1-1 



42-5 


M 


•55 


42 


M 


•65 


34-5 


M 


■65 


32-5 


M 


•55 



M ^65 

M -75 



M -h 



59 


M 


•65 


42 


M 


•65 


40-5 


M 


•65 


40 


M 


•65 



Obveese 



Reverse 



Eemale head r., wearing veil, stepbane 
and earring ; border of dots. 



'I'l'f' (above) Mummified figure, stand- 
ing to front, head 1., wearing liead- 
dress of nraei and plumes ; in the 
hands, which are laid npon the breast, 
are a croolted staff and a whip ; on 
either side stands a ivinged goddess, 
draped and wearing disk and plumes, 
turned towards the mummified figure, 
and holding in one hand a patera, in 
the other a palm ; wings folded ; border 
of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 2.] 



Female head r., wearing veil, stephane, 
and necklace ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Similar, of very late style ; goddess wears 
earring. 



"i'l'f (beneath) 
of dots. 



Head of ram r. ; border 



Similar. 



Similar, of late style. 
[Plate xcv. 3.] 



Type similar to Nos. 8 ff . ; border of dots. 



I'l'f (to 1., upwards) 
"["if (to r., downwards) 

Tripod-lebes, with three handles and 

lion's feet ; border of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 4.] 



606 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 


Weight 


Metai. 
Size 


Obverse 


Hevekse 








The following hear Greeh inscriptions. Some of them are probably contemporary 
with the later coins of the series that precede* 








MEAITAISN (to r., downwards) 
Female head 1., wearing modius sur- 
mounted by uraei and plumes ; over 
her head a wig-like arrangement which 
falls down partly over her neck, and 
partly on either side in front; to 1., 
ear of corn on stalk; border of dots. 


Male figure with four wings, kneeling 1., 
wearing loin-cloth, necklace, and head- 
dress of Egyptian pattern ; holds in r. 
a crooked sta.ff, and in 1. a whip ; plain 
border. 


19 
20 


249 
189 


^ 1 
M 1 


(circular countermark, containing head 
resembling obv. type of Nos. 8 if.) 


(border not visible.) 


21 


173 


M 1 






22 


164 


M 1 






23 


144 


M 1 


MEAITAinN (to r., downwards) 
Similar type; to ]., symbol composed 
of oaduceus combined with symbol of 


Similar. 


24 


190 


M 1-05 


Baal ( 2 ) ; border of dots. 




25 


167'5 


M 1-05 


[Plate 


xcv. 5.] 


26 


27 


M -6 


Female head r., wearing veil, stephane, 
earring, and necklace ; border of dots. 


MEAI (to 1., upwards) 
TAIHN (to r., upwards) 

Lyre (Icithara) ; border of dots. 


27 


89 


JE -85 


Similar head 1., of later style; border of 
dots, enclosed within plain border. 


MEAI (to r., downwards) 

TAIHN (to 1., downwards) 

Tripod-lebes, with three handles and 
lion's feet ; border of dots, enclosed 
within plain border. 


28 


76 


^ -75 






29 


74 


^ -8 












Nos. 30 f., which are bilingual, are inferior in style to Nos. 32 f. 
ichich have only a Latin inscr. 


30 


85 


M -75 


MEAITAIHN (to 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; border of dots. 


Curule chair; around, from beneath, 
towards r., C- ARRVNTAN VS ■ 
BALB PROP- 


31 


72 


/E -8 


[Plate 

* See Mayr, 


XCT. 6.] 

op. cit., p. 19. 



ISLANDS BETWEEN AFRICA AND SICILY 



607 



No. 



3"2 



33 



3 

4 



Weight 



72 



65-5 



53 



35 



47 
45 



64 
45-0 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



M -8 



.E -75 



M -7 



M -5 



M -75 
M -7 



M -7 
^ -7 



Similar type r. ; border of dots. 



Similar type 1. ; border of dots, enclosed 
■within plain border. 



Reverse 



MEL I (to 1., upwards) 
TAS (to r,, upwards) 

Tripod - lebes, vf ith three handles ; 

border of dots. 



MEL I (to r., downwards) 
TAS (to 1., downwards) 

Tripod-lebes, with three handles, 

lion's feet ; plain border. 



and 



[Plate xcv. 7.] 



UNCERTAIN ISLANDS 



It is prohahle that the folloioing hronne pieces were struclc on some of the islands 

whose coinage has just been described, or on other smaller 

islands near them.* 



Beonze 



Helmeted warrior, advancing to the 
attack r. ; he carries shield on 1. arm, 
and grasps hilt of sword with r. hand; 
border of dots. 



X9 (beneath) Crab, as on coins of 

Agrigentum ; border of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 8.] 



Young male head r., with short hair; 
drapery about neck ; border of dots. 



"JK") (beneath) 
of dots. 



Similar type ; border 



Laurel-wreath, enclosing symbol of Baal Similar. 
(S) ^^"^ caduceus, side by side. 



The stjle of the following suggests a similar attribittion.f 



Female head 1., wearing stephane, earring, 
and necklace with pendants ; in front, 
thymiaterion ; border of dots. 



Laurel- wreath, containing crescent down- 
wards, with small disk between horns ; 
border of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 9.] 



See Mayr, op. cit., pp. 33 if. 



t See Mayr/ op. cit., p. 37. 



608 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obtekse 



Revekse 



NUMIDIA 

Kings of Numidia 

Tlic aitrihitflon of coins to Knmidian Kings earlier than Jnha IT. is 
still to some extent conjectural.* 

MASTXISSA 
Circa 202—148 B.C. 

Beonze 



Youna; male head 1. 



170 



.-E -[ir, 



Horse standing i\ ; in background, a 
palm-tree. 



[Plate xcv. 10.] 



117 



El. -75 



1123 



.'R 'So 



Bust of winged Nike, laur., 1. ; border 
of dots. 



MICIPSA AND HIS BROTHERS 

Circa 148—118 B.C. 
Elect BUM 
Phoenician Didrachm 

Horse prancing r. ; plain border. 



[Plate xcv. 11.] 

Silver 
Phoenician Didrachm 



Young male head 1., bare; border of 
dots. 



Horse standing r. 
palm- tree. 



[Plate xcv. 12.] 



in background, a 



* None of the coins here catalogued are among those on which fresh light was thrown by 
Babelon in his examination of tlio views of Zobel de Zangrdniz (Rei'. Num., 1889, pp. 393 ff.)'. 
Miiller's more or less tentative classification has therefore been followed. 



NUMIDIA 



609 



No. 



Wkisht 



206-5 



37-5 



145 



24 



Metal 
Size 



.E 1 



215 : jK 1 
207 AH 1-1 



JE -6 



M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bkonze 

The letters on the Iicv. of No. 3 may contain the name either of Masirdssa 

or of Micipsa.* 



Bearded head 1., laur. ; border of dots. 

[Plate xct. 13.] 



"XV (beneath) Horse, with halter on 
neck, galloping 1. 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Similar type,; no halter ; beneath, pellets, 
two pellets, 
one pellet. 



Horse standing 1. ; above, crescent down- 
wards, enclosing disk. 



ADHERBAL AND HIEMPSAL I. 
Circa 118—112 B.C. 



Beonze 



Bearded head 1., diademed ; border of 
dots. 



M -56 



Horse advancing slowly I. ; above, star of 
eight rays ; in ex., three pellets. 



[Plate xcv. 14.] 

JUGURTHA 
Circa 118—106 B.C. 

Silver 
Phoenician Hemidraohm 



Male head 1., beardless and laur. ; border 
of dots. 



Elephant advancing r. ; in ex., ^; plain 
border. 



[Plate scv. 15.] 



* See Babelon, Uev. num., 1889, pp. 393 £E. 



4 I 



610 



XORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



5G 



27-3 



.11 -8 



^R -0.3 



HIEMPSAL II. 
Circa 106—60 B.C. 

SlLVEB 

No. 1 may he a dennrins, and Xos. 2 f. may he qniiiarii* If this he so, 

the line of the Boman system is a good anjuineiit in 

favour of the attribution. 



Male head r., beardless, wreathed with 
corn : border of dots. 



Horse prancing r. ; beneath, ^ ; all 
within wreath of laurel. 



[Plate xcv. 16.] 



Similar type ; beneath, -h^ ; plain 
border. 



90 



64 
53 
43 



M -85 



M -8 
JE -8,-) 
.M -7 



Bronze 



Head of Demeter r., veiled, wearing 
wreath of corn, earring and necklace ; 
border of dots. 



Horse galloping r. ; beneath, >^ ; above, 
wreath ; plain border. 



Similar. 



[Plate xcv. 17.] 

Similar. 
(No. .5 is resfcruok.) 



* Miiller, op. cit., iii., pp. 75 f. 



NUMIDIA 



611 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



65-4 



10-5 



179 



154 
126 



M -7 



62-3 j Al -7 
55 o .R 7 



M -4 



M 1 



JE -9 

M -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



JUBA I. 

Circa 60—46 B.C. 

Juba, the last I'ing of Xn))iidlii, is also the first whose coins can he identified iiutJi 

absolute certaintij. He was deprhcd of his Idngdom after the battle of Thapsus. 

The I'hoenician legend on the coins is probably simply the equivalent of the Latin 

one.* The silver folloios the Itonuin system. 

Silver 

Denarii 



R EX ■ IV B A (in front, upwards) 

Bust of Juba I. r., diademed, wearing 
ctiirass and cloak ; sceptre over r. 
shoulder ; border of dots. 



1ol\1 (to r., upwards) 

ry'xx^ (to 1., upwards) 

Octastyle temple, approaclied by a 
narrow fiiglit of steps, and having 
pediment supported by broad entabla- 
ture ; border of dots. 



(iuscr., partly oS coin.) 
[Plate xov. 18.] 

(inscr., partly off coin. ) 



Sestertius 



Bust of Numidia r., draped and covered 
with head-dress of elephant's skin; 
over shoulder, two javelins ; border of 
dots. 



Liou advancing r. ; above, 2 



Bronze 



Head of Zeus Ammon r., bearded and 
horned ; border of dots. 



(above) 



7V^xX5l 

Elephant walking r., with lowered 
trunk ; at end of inscr., ^ ; border of 
dots. 



[Plate xcv. 19.] 



Head of Numidia r., wearing elephant's 
skin ; border of dots. 



(above) 



?Y^XX5\ 

Lion walking r. ; at end of inscr., C ; 
border of dots. 



* See Muller, op. cit., iii., P- 46. 



4 I 2 



612 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



116 



67 
66 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



M -7 
jE -8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



MASINISSA 



Circa 50 B.C. 



This Maduissa loas apparently a vassal of Juha I. Like liim, he was depirived 
of his dominions after the battle of Thapsus. 



IJCXX (behind, downwards) 

Bearded male head 1., of rude style; 
border of dots. 



hrr>^X Inscr. placed between ear of 
corn 1., above, and bunch of grapes r., 
beneath ; all within wreath. 



[PJ.ATE XCT. 20.] 



Cities of Numidia 

HIPPO REGIUS AND TIPASA 

BliONZE 

First Ceitturu B.C. 
The legends on the coins indicate that these two cities strucle money jointly* 



Young male head 1. ; in front, obscure 
Phoenician legend ; border of dots. 



•^H/^jS- (above) Panther, bounding r. ; 
border of dots. 



(legend not visible.^ 



* See MuUer, op. cif., iii., p. 53. Miiller'a reading of the obv. legend of pieces like those 
described here is hardly borne out by such traces of the Phoenician letters as can be made 
out on Nos. 1 and 2. 



KINGS OF MAURETANIA 



613 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



58-5 



M -75 



40-7 



M -6.3 



46-3 



M -7 



MAURETANIA 
Kings of Mauiietania 

BOGUD II. 

Circa 49—38 B.C. 

Bogud II., Icing of Western Mauretduin, espoused the cause of Antony against 
Octariui. This resulted in the loss of his kingdom. 

Silver 
Denarius 



Griffin 1., in the act of devouring a stag 
which it has brought to the ground ; 
border of dots. 



REX BOGV" (from r., upwards) 
Griffin, standing r. ; above, winged 
disk, with horn-like projections above ; 
beneath, thunderbolt; border of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 21.] 



JDBA II.* 



Circa 25 B.C. — 23 a.d. 



This Icing was the son of Juha I. of Niiiiiidia, who had lost his hingdom after the 

battle of Thapsus. TIik Icingdom of Manretania was bestowed on the younger Juha 

by Aui/ustHS. Most of his coins are dated by regnal years, but it is uncertain from 

what epoch the commencement of his reign is reclconed. If all of the silrer 

coins are denarii, their light weight is very noticeable. 



Silver 



Denarii 



R EX ■ I V B A (in front, upwards) 
Head of Juba 11. r., diademed; border 
of dots. 



R EX • I V B A (in front, upwards) 

Head of Juba II. r., as Herakles, wear- 
ing head-dress of lion's skin. 



Cornucopiae and 
border of dots. 



thyrsos in saltire ; 



Club downwards, with lion's skin placed 
over it; to 1., arrow upwards; to r., 
bow; to 1., downwards, RXXX; border 
of dots. 



See also infra, Carthago Nova, Nos. 5 f. 



614 



NOKTHERN AFRICA 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Similar to No. 1. 


Similar, with RXXXXVI 




33-9 


.R -6 


REX IVBA (from 1., downwards) 
Head of Juba II. r., diademed; plain 
border. 


Uraeus, with crescent on head, erect I. on 
garlanded altar; to 1. and r., a tree; 
date in field and in ex. ; plain border. 


4 


341 


Al -6 




R- XL 
VII 


5 


29-8 


.R -6 


[Plate 


R- XL 
VIII 

SC7. 22.] 








Bronze 


6 


63 


M -T.") 


Similar. 
Similar. 


IVB R E (to 1., downwards) 
Nike advancing r., holding wreath and 
palm ; border of dots. 

Similar ; no inscr. visible. 


7 


59 


^E -7:. 






8 


98-5 


M So 


R EX 1 [ V B A] (in front, upwards) 

Head of Juba II. r., laur. ; club on 
shoulder ; border of dots. 


Capricoro r., with cornucopiae behind, 
rudder beneath, and globe between 
forefeet; beneath, [RXLJVI II ; border 
of dots. 








Jjtha II. married C'levpatrtt, daughter of M. Anfimius and Cleopatra VII. 
The folloiohuj coins hear her name as loell as his own. The appearance 








of Eijyplian types is noteworthy. 








SlLVEB 








Denarii 


9 


.M -5 


M -7 


REX- IVBA (in front, upwards) 

Head of Juba II. r., diademed ; border 
of dots. 

[Plate x 


BACIAICCA KA€OnATPA 

(around, from r., upwards) 
Head of Cleopatra 1. ; border of dots. 

cv. 23.] 



KINGS OP MAURETANIA 



615 



No. 



Weight 



10 



49-2 



11 



31-7 



Metal 
Size 



Al -Gj 



^l 



12 



44-1 



13 



50 



.'R -7 



M -65 



14 



198 



15 



188 



jE 1-1 



JE 1-15 



Obvekse 



Reverse 



R€X IVBA REGIS IVBAI F R A VI 

(around from r., upwards) 
Head o£ Juba 11. I., diademed; border 
of dots. 



Similar to No. 9. 



REX[IVBA] (behind, downwards) 
Similar (ype; in front, crescent, up- 
wards ; plain border. 



BACIAICCA KAeOHATPA 

, (around, from r. iipwards) 

Head of Cleopatra 1. ; border of dots. 



BACIA[ICC]A KAeOHATPA 

(around, from r., upwai'ds) 
Head-dress of Isis, consisting of liorns, 
disk, globe, and plumes ; beneath, 
crescent upwards ; border of dots. 



B ACI Al 
[K]A€OnATPA 

(beneath, separated by exergual 

line of dots) 

Head-dress of Isis (to 1.) and sistrum 

(to r.), placed side by side; plain 

border. 



(A part of No. 12 is broken away.) 



REX- IVBA (in front, downwards) 
Similar type 1. ; border of dots. 



KA€OnATPA (beneath) 
Crocodile 1. ; border of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 24.] 



Bronze 



R EX ■ I V B A (in front, upwards) 

Bust of Juba II. r., draped and dia- 
demed; club over shoulder; border of 
dots. 



REX IVBA 

(around, from 1., downwards) 
Similar type ; no club ; border of dots. 



BA A. 

(around, from above, towards 1.) 
Head-dress of Isis, with crescent above, 
as on No. 11. 



KA€OnATP (above) 

Crocodile r. ; border of dots 



616 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eevekse 



2.S 



,R -6 



30-5 



M -6 



30-4 



M 



PTOLEMAEUS * 

Circa 23—40 a.d. 

This Icing loas tlie son of Jiiba II. and Cleopatra. lie was assassinated in Home 

hy order of Caligula, and Maiirctaiiiti thereafter became a Bornan province. 

The method of dating hy reynal years is again employed. 

SiLYEK 

Denarii 



REX PTOLEMAEVS 

(around, from r., upwards) 
Bust of Ptoleinaeus r., drajjed and 
diademed; one end of diadem falls 
forward over shoulder ; slight beard, ; 
plain border. 



Palm-tree, with two clusters of fruit ; 
field, beneath, R ■ A • I 



[Plate xcv. 25.] 



REX 



[PTOL]EMAE 

(from r., upwards) 
Bust of Ptolemaeus r., diademed and 
with slight drapery ; both ends of 
diadem hang straight. 



Similar, with REX P[TOL]EMAEVS 



Two coriiuacopiae, filleted ; between them, 
palm, surmounted by crescent upwards; 
above, R [A] V; border of dots. 



Club, downwards; infield, R-A VII; 
all within wreath of laurel; border of 
dots. 



30-6 



M, -6 



29-2 



M -65 



Similar, with REX PTOLEM [ 



Similar ; border of dots. 



Similar type; to 1., downwards, R-A, 
and to r., upwards, XVI; plain 
border. 



Sella cnndis, against which leans a staff ; 
above, wreath; around, from 1., down- 
wards, R A XV [ ; border of dots. 



* See also infra, under Carthago Xova, Nos. 7 ff. 



MAURETANIA 



617 



No. I WjtIGHT 



Metal 
Sizis 



Obverse 



U9-:\ JE -95 



103-5 I ^ -9 



Revekse 



Bkonze 



REX PTOLEMAEVS 

(from 1., downwards) 
Bust of Ptolemaeus r., draped and 
diademed; border of dots. 



Lion bounding r. ; above, star; border of 
dots. 



[Plate .xcv. 26.] 



Similar. 



118 



45 



201- 



194 



43 



^ 1 



M 



REX PTOLEMAEVS 

(from r., upwards) 
Similar tjpe ; border of dots. 



REX PTOLEMAEVS 

(from r., upwards) 
Head of Ptolemaeus 1., diademed ; 
border of dots. 



Bull standing' r. ; garland round neck; 
border of dots. 



Lion standing r. ; above, star of six rajs ; 
border of dots. 



Crescent upwards, containing star of six 
rays ; border of dots. 



7E 115 



JE 1-1 



Cities . of Mauretania 

LIX 

Beonze 

First Century b c. 

Head of divinity 1., beardless, wearing high I 7\'j I (above) 

conical cap, covered with embroidery, (ojx (^beneath^ 

and having a cord and tassel attached — 
to its top ; border of dots. 



M -6 



Two bunches of grapes side by side; 
border of dots. 



SEMES 

Beokze 

Circa 38 B.C. — 23 a.d. 

Coins resembling No. 1 are Icnown with the name of Bocchus III., 

and coins resembling Nos. 2 f., with the name of Jiiba II. 

Nos. 1 f . are of singularly poor loorhmanship. 



Bearded head r, ; behind and beneath, 
traces of Phoenician letters*; border 
of dots. 



Star of six rays ; above, J^ ; to 1., ear 
of corn ; to r., bunch of grapes ; 
beneath, traces of Phoenician letters;* 
border of dots. 



* Only the upper parts are visible. These correspond closely with the legends as given 
by Miiller, op, cit., iii. pp. 164 f. 

4 K 



618 



NORTHERN AFRICA 



No. 



Weight 



89-5 



89 



195-6 



160 



1G7'5 



60 

52 



68-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -75 



M -8 



JE 11 



JE 1 



M 1 



M -8 
M -8 



M -lb 



m -7 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Bearded head facing ; border of dots. 



Similar. 



Xl7X (above) 
Jl 7<. >| (beneath) 

Star of six rays; to 1., bunch of grapes; 

to r., ear of corn ; border of dots. 



Similar, with +^'h above, and '^'^/^ 
beneath. 



[Plate xcv. 27.] 



TINGIS 

Bronze 
Fivst Century B.C. 



Bearded head (of Baal?) 1. ; behind, 
sceptre ; no neck shown ; border of 
dots. 



Two ears of corn ; between thein, beneath, 
crescent downwards, containing pellet ; 
to 1. and to r., Phoenician inscr., down- 
wards ; border of dots. 

'ojx (to 1.) 

■^A\lt (tor.) 



rUoJ (to r.) 

^FAl^; (toi.) 

as preceding. 
[Plate xcv. 28.] 



Male head r., bearded ; border of dots. 



X\ rr (in field, beneath) 
Three ears of corn, upright; border 
of dots. 



[Plate xcv. 29.] 



Similar type r. ; 
border of dots. 



Similar. 



drapery about neck ; 



X^rr (on 1., downwards) 

Two ears of corn, upright; border of 
dots. 



J{'\ n (in field, beneath) 

Similar type ; border of dots. 



WESTEEN EUKOPE 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



OUVERSE 



Reverse 



6-9 



JR. -4 



7-8 



M A 



SPAIN* 

HiSPANIA CiTEUIOR 

The coinage of Hispania Citen'or, so far as here represented, falls naturally into 

three groups. As each of these has a distinctive character, the three are classified 

apart, irrespective of purely geographical considerations. f 

A.— GREEK COINAGE 
This coinage loas struck in the Greek colonies of Emporiae and Bhode. 

EMPORIAB 

Silver 

Circa 300 B.C. 

Nos. 1 and 2 are probably obols of the Phocaic standard. 

Pegasos, prancing r. 



E M (in field, beneath) 
Female head r., hair rolled 



E [M] (in field, beneath) 

Head of nymph, three-quarter face 
towards 1., wearing necklace ; border 
of dots. 



Horseman galloping r., with flying chla- 
mys ; plain border. 



[Plate xcvi. 1.] 



* For coins struck in Sicily wibh the legend HiSPANORVM, see Vol. I., p. 258, and also 
' Addenda,' im/ra. , . , t j 

i This arrangement, which is based on Zobel de Zangroniz (Estudw Ustdnco de la moneda 
an*iJJ "/a™"- been adopted as giving the --* -',f g'"e "ew of he coinag^^^^^ a 
whole. The material in Zobel's book has been an invaluable guide m matters oi detail. 

4 K 2 



620 



SPAIN 



Xo. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



64-3 



M '65 



Circa 250 B.C. 

No. 3 is a drachm siruclc on a standard that was probably Carthaginian 

in its origin* The Obv. type is a debased copy of the well-linoion 

Syracusan type of Euainetos. 



Head of Persephone r., crowned witli 
corn, and weai'ing earring and neck- 
lace ; around, three dolphins. 



EMnoPITXlN (beneath) 
Pegasos, flying r. ; head formed so as 
to resemble figure of Eros, crouching 
r. -with outstretched hands ; plain 
border. 



[Plate xcvi. 2.] 



410 

392-5 



M 1-2 
M 1-25 



B.— EOMANO-IBEBIAN" COINAGE 



Silver and Beonze 



Tlie coins belonging to the following group, although distinctly Iberian in 
character, conform in standard to the ordinary Boman currency. Chronologi- 
cally they cover four distinct periods, extending from the Treaty of 226 B.C. 
to the reorganization that followed the fall of Numantia, in 13.3 B.C., with a 
temporary revival during the war with Sertorius (80 — 72 B.C.). There is much 
similarity of types, especially within the same districts. The Iberian inscr. on 
the Bev. gives the name of the tribe on whose behalf the issue appears to be 
made. The districts are here arranged geographically, the numbering of the coins 
being continuous for each ; within these, the coins are classified chronologically, -f 
and also by denominations, irrespective of the tribal names and probable mints, 
although these latter particidars are always indicated as far as possible. I 

DISTRICT OP EMPORIAE 

Circa 214—204 B.C. 
Asses 
In name of tlie Indigetes (struck at Emporiae). 
Female head r., weariiig crested Corin- ' -|v|ML|j<<z,^fsi (above ex. line) 



thian helmet ; plain border. 



Pegasos galloping r. ; above, wreath ; 
plain bolder. 



(no wreath visible.) 
[Plate xcvi. 3.] 



* See Zobel, op. cit., i., pp. 145 ff. 

t I have adhered in the main to Zobel's chronological arrangement. But it ought to be 
noted that the evidence supplied by the forms of the letters (on which he mainly relies) is not 
always consistent with the conclusions suggested by style and weight. 

J Here again I have followed Zobel, even where his attributions have a large element 
of conjecture. The necessary cautions will be found in Hiibner (Monumenta Linguae Ibericac, 
Berlin, 1893), who also accepts Zobel's scheme as a whole. For transliterations of Iberian 
legends, Eee infra, Index to Remarkable I.nsoriptions. 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



621 



No. 



Weight 



154-5 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



Obverse 



Reverse 



T riens 
In name of the Ethruthbuenses, with the Indigetes (struck at Rhode 



thl4J<-$'<h> (to r, upwards) 

Similar type, with Roman helmet, and 
necklace ; border of dots. 



tQOeO (beneath) 

Hippocamp r. ; plain border. 



41 



M -5 



180-6 



205 
181-5 



JE 1-1 



75 



JE 1 

^ 1 



M -75 



Sextan s 

In name of the Seegaeienses, with the Indigetes. 



Similar. 



rACt^P] Md (from r., upwards) 

Head and neck of bridled horse r. ; 
in field, two dolphins ; plain border. 



Circa 204—154 B.C. 

Asses 

In name of the PyEPiNiENSEs, with the Longostaletes. 



Head of Hermes r., with chlamys about 
neck ; style good ; border of dots. 



AorroZTA (to r., downwards)* 
_ _ _ (to 1., downwards) 

Tripod-lebes, with three handles ; plain 

border. 



In name of the Indigetes (struck at Emporiae). 

Similar to No. 1 ; inferior style. 



Female head r., wearing crested helmet 
style poor. 



[Plate xcvi. 4.] 

Q,uadrans 

In name of the Indigetes, with the Etheutheuekses (struck at Emporiae). 



t (in front) 
Similar type ; better style ; border 
doubtful. 



■Th'4^<^<h' (above ex. line) 

Lion bounding r.; above, wreath ; plain 
border. 



* The rest of the inscr, (AHTWN)) ^^ '^^'l ^^ ^^^ Iberian legend (p'f><?P), is 
quite illegible. This coin -was probably struck in Gallia Narbonensis, but the Iberian inscrip- 
tion justifies its being placed with the rest of the Romano-Iberian coinage. For the latest 
discussion of its date and types, see Blauohet, TraiU des monnaies gauloises (pp. 273 ff.). 



622 



SPAIN 



No. 



10 



11 



12 
13 



Weight 



115 



117 



135 



153 
142 



63-7 



Metal 
Size 



M -85 



JE -85 



M -95 



M -9 

JE -95 



M -75 



Obverse 



Eeveese 



Circa 154 — 133 B.C. 

Asses 

In name of tLe Neeonenses, with, the Tcjisenses (struck at Narbo). 



^tl^AA (to r., upwards) 

Female bust r., draped and veiled ; 
border of dots. 



NlKlHh'^N (above ex. line, and to r.) 
Bull bounding r. ; above, wreath. 



In name of the Neeonenses, with the Ethrutheuekses (struck at Narbo). 

tl (to r., upwards) Similar, with A\H in ex. 

Similar type, with three tassels on veil ; 
on neck, X ; border of dots (?) 



[Plate xcvi. 5.] 



Similar ; style later ; no X 



Similar ; two tassels only. 



rJfc<]Hr^<[N] (above ex. line) 
Bull running r. ; above, wreath. 



Similar ; no ex. line. 



DISTRICT OF TARRACO 

Circa 214—204 B.C. 
D e narius 

In name of the Cessetani (struck at Tarraco) 
Young male head r. ; border of dots. 



<$b (above ex. line) 

Horseman, with flying olilamvs, gallop- 
ing r., carrying palm over r." shoulder, 
and leading spare horse with 1. hand • 
plain border. ' 



[Plate xcvi. 6.] 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



623 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Reverse 








Asses 








In name of the Ausjsnes (struck at Ansa). 


2 


356 


M 1-25 


Young male head r. ; behind, pig up- 
wards, -with head in air ; border of 
dots. 


F* 1^ M b $ < M (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman galloping r. ; palm 
over r. shoulder ; plain border. 








In name of the Cbssetani (struck at Tarraco). 


3 


225 


M 105 


Young male head r. 

[Plate 


<$|; (above ex. line) 

Similar type ; plain border. 

XCVI. 7.] 


4 


230-5 


M 1-1 


Similar type ; behind, caduceus upwards ; 
border of dots. 


Similar. 


6 


218 


^ 1 


Similar type; but bust shown, with 
drapery about neck ; behind, thunder- 
bolt ; border of dots. 


Similar, with b- iii inscr. 








Semisses 








In name of the Cessetani (struck at Tarraco). 


6 


95o 


M -85 


Similar to No. 3. 


<$(: (beneath) 

Horse prancing r. ; plain border. 








In name of the Ileegetes (struck at Sigarra). 


7 


152-5 


A^ -9 


Young male head r. ; behind, palm ; 
border of dots. 


t^^HJ<><$<^' (above ex. line) 

Horse with loose rein, galloping r. ; 
plain border. 








[Plate xcvi. 8.] 








Circa 204—154 B.C. 








Asses 








In name of the Ausenes (struck at Ansa). 








Similar to No. 2. 


Similar to No. 2. 


8 


181 


^ 1 


(symbol obscure.) 





624 



SPAIN 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 

Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



10 
11 

12 



13 

U 



15 



16 



186 



218 
169-5 

142 



70 5 
111 



39 



62 



M 1-1 



M 1 
M 1 

JE '96 



^ -75 
JE -8 



.-E 



^ -65 



In name of the Ilueonekses (struck at Iluro) 



Young male head r. ; behind, r. ear. 

[Plate xcvi. 9.] 



t^A A<1H (above ex. line) 

Horseman, helmeted and with chlamys 
flying, galloping r., with spear at rest. 



In name of the Cessetani (struck at Tarraco). 

Similar to No. 5, with < in inscr. 



Similar to No. 5 ; but behind, varying 
symbol, or letter. 



club downwards, 
spear-head downwards. 

A 



[Plate xcvi. 10.] 



Semisses 

In name of the Cessetani (struck at Tarraco). 



Similar to Nos. 10 f. 

club downwards, 
club downwards. 



< St (above ex. line) 

Horse, with louse rein, walking r. ; 
between forelegs, • ; plain border. 



[Plate xcvi. 11.] 



Q,uadrantes 

In name of the Cessetani (struck at Tarraco). 



Young male head r., with drapery about 
neck ; behind, X 



< S k (beneath) 

Forepart of Pegasos, flyin r. ; above. 



Similar. 



In name of the Cessetani (struck at Cissa). 
Similar, with < kS $ b 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



625 



No. 



Weight 



17 



18 



r.) 

20 



21 



164 



161 



122 
154-5 



154 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



M -95 



M -85 



Jh] -9 
Ai -9 



JE -95 



(32-3 I /R -7'^ 



211-5 



VOL. III. 



M 1-3 



Circa 154—133 B.C. 

Asses 

In name of Hie Cessetani (struck at Tarraco). 



Young' male liead r. ; slight drapery about 
neck ; behind, palm ; border of dots. 



<$ls (above ex. line) 

Helmeted liorsemau galloping r. ; palm 
over r. shoulder. 



Similar type ; in front, /^ 



[Plate xcvi. 12.] 

Similar, with < in inscr. ; no ex. line. 



Similar type ; behind, varying letter or 
letters ; border of dots. 



Similar ; plain border. 



In name of the Iessonenses (struck at lesso). 



Similar type ; in front, traces of Iberian 
letters ; border obscure. 



1^ b M H (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; plain border. 



DISTRICT OP ILERDA 

Circa 214—204 B.C. 

Denarius 

In name of the Ilerdenses and Salieinenses (struck at llerda) 



Young male liead r. ; drapery about 
neck; around, three dolphins; border 
of dots. 



ri^4J<?XMf^r<IN (beneath) 

Horseman, wearing chiton and chlamys, 
prancing r., holding palm over r. 
sho alder ; plain border. 



Young male head r 
dolphins. 



[Plate xcvi. 13.] 

As* 
In name of the Ileedenses (struck at llerda) 

around, three 



r^^r-H^L^^X] (above ex. line) 

Horseman with 3.3 ing chlamys, pran- 
cing r., holding palm over r. shoulder. 



* The as has been halved, so as to pass current as two semisses. Hence the light weight. 

4 L 



626 



SPAIN 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obyeksb 


Reverse 








Q,ua dr ante s 








In name of the Ilbedensbs (struck at Ilerda). 








Young male head r. ; behind, palm ; 
border of dots. 


f^' ^ H' <? X (above ex. line) 
Horse with loose rein, prancing r. ; 


3 


94 


M -8 




plain border. 


4 


93-5 


M -8 












Cin-a 204 154 B.C. 








Asses 








In name of the Ileedenses (struck at Ilerda). 








Similar to No. 2 ; but bust shown, with 
drapery ; border of dots. 


rAH'^X (above ex. line) 
Type as on No. 2 ; plain border. 


5 


271-5 


M 1-15 


(border not visible) 

[Plate xcyi. 14.] 


6 


190-5 


M 1-05 












In name of the Salduienses (struck at Salduba). 








Similar ; no border visible. 


$PAArk (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman galloping r. ; palm 
over r. shoulder. 


7 


156-5 


M -95 












In name of the Sethitani (struck at Hibera-Dertosa) . 


8 


115-5 


M -95 


Similar ; border of dots. 


'> t^ <^ r $ < K (above ex. line) 
Similar type. 








In name of the Celsenses (struck at Celsa). 


9 


265-6 


M 1-2 


Similar. 


<A'$'b (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; plain border. 








[Plate xcvi. 15.] 


10 


177 


M 105 






11 


167 


M 1-15 




(no ex. line visible) 


12 


152 


^ 1-05 




" ji 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



627 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



Obverse 



Reverse 



13 



1-1 



176 
135 



15 



110-5 



16 



361-5 



46-7 



M 1 
M -95 



In name of the Lagnetani (struck at Lagni). 



Similar ; border obsoare. 



AF'Sh'k (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; plain border. 



M -9 



M 1-25 



Circa 154—133 B.C. 

As 

In name of the Ilerdenses (struck at llerda) 

Young male head r. ; border of dots. 



rAM^^X (above) 

Wolf prowling r. ; plain border. 



[Plate xcvi. 16.] 



Circa 80—72 B.C. 

In name of the Celsenses (struck at Celsa). 
As 

Similar type ; behind^ CEL downwards ; Similar to Nos. 9 ff. ; but border of dots, 
in front, two dolphins ; border of dots. 



[Plate xcvi. 17.] 



DISTRICT OF SAGUNTUM 

Circa 226—214 B.C. 

Victoriatu s 

In name of the Absenses and Soegaeenses (struck at Saguntum) 



Female head r., wearing crested Corin- 
thian helmet. 



JR -6 



[D]dC|:bX<3 (above) 
D 9 1 P 7- 1 O f; [-t P] (to !■■ . upwards) 
Man-headed bull, standing r. 



4 L 2 



628 



SPAIN 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obverse 


Ebvekse 








CiVca 214—204 B.C. 








As 








In name of the Saetaditani (struck at Saetabis). 


2 


194'5 


M 1-2 


Young male head r.; slight drapery about 
neck ; behind, upper part of sceptre (?) 
border of dots. 


^AF'I^H' (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman galloping r., carry- 
ing palm over r. shoulder ; plain 
border. 








[Plate xcvi. 18.] 








Cii-ca 204—154 B.C. 








Asses 








In name of the Aesenses, or Ardeates (struck at Saguntnm). 


3 


217 


M 1 


Similar; but behind, cadacens. F^-^b (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman galloping r., with 
. spear couched; in field 1., star ; plain 
border. 

[Plate xcvi. 21.] 
In name of the Saetabitani (struck at Saetabis). 








Young male head r,, wearing taenia; 
d>'apery about neck ; behind, branch ; 
border of dots. 


MFI^Y (above ex. line) 
Similar type. 


4 


216 


M 1-1 




no border visible. 


5 


171-.-. 


M 1 




plain border. 

i 






i 
i 


In name of the Lauronenses (struck at Lauro). 


(; 


161 


M 1-05 


Similar to No. 2 ; border obscure. 


AF''^<][H] (above ex. line) 

Type as on No. 2 ; border obscure. 

1 








1 
i 

Q.uadr antes i 


1 






In name of the Aksekses, or Aedeates (struck at Saguntum). 








Pectunculus shell ; border of dots. 


1 

F*<14'.b (beneath) 
Dolphin r.; above, [P] -V C- A 


7 


.53-5 


M -65 


[Plate x 


bonder doubtful. 
■VI. 19.] 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



629 



No. 



10 



11 



12 
13 



Wei&ht 



40 



21-5 



62 



309 



199 
213 



60-2 
59 



Metal 
Size 



M -65 



.E 



^ -65 



JE 1-2 



JE 1-2 
M 1-2 



M -75 
Al -7 



Obvf.rse 



Similar. 



Similar. 



Reverse 



Similar. 



|> (beneath) 

Dolphin r. ; above, crescent with horus 
upvrards; beneath, V; plain border. 



F* (beneath) 
Dolphin r. ; beneath, star of six rays ; 
border of dots. 

[Platjs xcvi. 20.] 

In name of the Aerenses and Aivienses (struck at Saguntum). 

p" (above) 

Dolphin r. ; beneath, F't*' and %• ; 

above, crescent vrith horns upwards ; 
plain border. 

Circa 80 — 72 B.C. 

Asses 

In name of the Aksenses, or Aedeates (struck at Saguntum). 



SACVN" INV (from r., downwards) 
Female bead r., wearing winged helmet; 
border of dots. 



F*<'fb (beneath) 
Prow r. ; above, Victory flying r., 
holding wreath ; in front, caduceas. 



[Plate xcvt. 22.] 
In name of the Saetaeitaish (struck at Saetabis). 



SAETABI (on r., downwards) 
Young male head r. ; border of dots. 



AAFT" Y (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman, galloping r., carry- 
ing palm over r. shoulder ; plain 
border. 



DISTRICT OP OSCA 
Circa 204-154 B.C. 

Denarii 

In name of the Celsitani (struck at Osca) 



)^Isl (behind, downwards) 

Bearded head r., wearing necklace; 
border of dots. 



XTMAN (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman, galloping r., with 
spear couched ; plain border. 



[Plate xcvi. 23.] 



630 



SPAIN 



No. 



Weight 



156 
135 



144-5 



1 


48-3 


2 


507 


3 


36-9 


4 


64 


5 


51-4 



Metal 
Size 



M -95 
M -9 



JE -95 



JE -95 



M -7 
.R -65 
M -65 



M -7 
M -7 



Obverse 



Eeverse 



Asses 

In name of the Cbls:tam"i (struck at Osca). 



Young male head r. ; behind, dolphin 
downwards ; border of dots. 



Similar ; but in field 1., star of five rays ; 
plain border. 



[Plate xcvii. 1.] 



In name of the Iaccetani, with the Celsitan[ (struck at lacca). 



Similar to Nos. 1 f . ; but in front, 
dolphin downwards. 



l^t>fi^ (above ex. line) 

Similar type ; same border. 



[Plate xcvii. 2.] 



In name of the Gallicenses (struck at Gallicum). 



Similar to Nos. 1 f . ; but behind, ^ 



<>^r«^H ^ (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; same border. 



DISTRICT OF POMPAELO 

Circa 204—154 B.C. 

D enarii 



In name of the Iasosexses, with the Coxcutenses (struck at Pompaelo). 



IMGh'b^' (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman galloping r., bran- 
dishing short sword in raised r. ; plain 
border. 



nMXX (behind, downwards) 

Male head r., bearded, wearing neck- 
lace ; border of dots. 



(poor style.) 
(very poor style.) 



In name of the Caxtexses (or Contienses), with the Concutenses 
(struck at Pompaelo). 

Similar. ^fM4Jt>h' (above ex. line) 

Similar type ; same border. 

[Plate xcvii. 3.] 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



631 



No. Weight 



61-3 



140 



80-5 



1 

2 
3 



56-8 

44 

62-6 



Metal 
Size 



JR -7 



M -95 



M -9 



Obverse 



Revbksb 



JR -75 
M -76 
JR -7 



In name of the Aksenses (struck at Suissatio). 



Male liead r., bearded; behind, plough; 
ia front, dolphin downwards ; border 
of dots. 



I>5)$<H$ (above ex. line) 

Horseman galloping r., holding dart in 
raised r. ; plain border. 



[Plate xcvii. 4.] 



As 



In name of the Iasonenses (struck at Pompaelo). 



Male head r., bearded, wearing necklace; 
behind, plough; in front, dolphin 
downwards. 



Similar to Nos. 1 ff. 



Similar to No. 6. 



Circa 154—133 B.C. 

As 

In name of the Aesbnses (struck at Suissatio). 

Similar to No. 6, with P in inscr. 



DISTRICT OP TURIASO 

Circa 204—154 B.C. 

In name of the Tukiasonenses (struck at Turiaso).* 

Denarii 



Male head r., bearded, wearing necklace; 
letters behind, beneath, and in front 
of neck ; border of dots. 



/X A\ A 
/X M A 
/X A A 



A^t^t>5t' (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman, galloping r., with 
spear couched ; plain border. 



(^ of inscr. doubled.) 
[Plate xcvii. 5.] 



* The letters on the Obv. probably indicate alliance wifcli neighbouring tribes. 



632 



SPAIN" 



No. 



Weight 



154-5 



155 



1205 



60-4 



159 
169 



Metal 
Size 



M 1 



M -95 



M -95 



M, 75 



M 1 
M 1 



Obverse 



Kevebse 



Similar to Nos. 9 f . 



Asses 

Similar. 



Similar type ; behind, A ; in front, 
dolphin downwards; same border. 



Similar ; but, instead of spear couched, 
horsemati holds hook in raised r. 



DISTRICT OF CALAGURRIS 

Circa 204 — 154 B.C. 

A s 

In name of the Calagureitani (struck at Calagurris). 

Young male head r. ; behind, dolphin | AM>X<?f*'XM (from ]., downwards) 
downwards ; in front, star of six ! Horseman galloping r., with spear 
rays, within crescent upwards; border i concbed; plain border, 
of dots. I 



DISTRICT OF NUMANTIA 

Circa 204—154 B.C. 

Denarius 

In name of the Aeegoeadenses, with tbe Belli (struck at JSTumantia). 



Young male head r., wearing necklace; 
behind, O ; border of dots. 



t> O b X O l> X (above ex. line) 

Horseman galloping r., with spear 
couched ; plain border. 



A s s e I 



In name of the Ebalienses, or Belli, with the Segide.nsks (struck at Seo-ida). 



Young male head r., with drapery about 
neck; behind, g ; in front, dolphin 
downwards ; border of dots. 



E O F* ^ P X M (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; same border. 



[Plate xcvii. 6.] 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



G33 



No. 



Weight 



106 



133 



173-5 



217-5 



140 



Metal 
Size 



jE -8 



M -9 



M -95 



M 1-1 



M -95 



Obvekss 



Reverse 



Semis 

In name of the Ebaijenses (or Belli), with the Segid)5NSES (sirnck at Segida). 



Similar to No. 1 ; but behind, go 
downwards. 



g<J>t>[^ (above ex. line) 
t>XM (in ex.) 

Bridled horse, galloping r. ; above, M 

and • • ; plain border. 



[Plate xcvii. 7.] 

Circa 154 — 133 B.C. 

Asses 

In name of the Titti (struck at Segida). 



Male head r., bearded, wearing necklace- 
behind, "-F ; border of dots. 



'+"+' F* X M (above ex. line) 

Horseman galloping r., with spear 
couched ; jjlain border. 



In name of the Uxamenses (struck at Uxama). 



O (behind) 

Yonng male head r. : 
neck ; border of dots. 



drapery about 



4~ M C> f 1^ ^ (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; same border. 



Circa 80—72 B.C.* 

As 
Struck at Clunia. 



Young male head r. ; behind, 1 1 ; in front, 
dolphin downwards ; border of dots. 



C L O V N I O Q. (above ex. line) 

Helmeted horseman galloping r., with 
spear couched ; plain border. 



DISTRICT OF BILBILIS 

Circa 204—154 B.C. 

Asses 

In name of the Nebtobeigenses (struck at Nertobriga). 



Male head r., wearing necklace ; behind, 
and in front, dolphin downwards; 
behind neck, |^ ; border of dots. 



Nk^lilPM (beneath) 

Similar type ; same border. 



* See Zobel de Zangrdniz, op. cit., ii., p. 10. 



4 M 



634 



SPAIN 



No. 



Weight 



155 



131 



58-2 
49-8 



144 



192-5 
180 



Metal 
Size 



.E 1 



JE 1 



JE -95 



.R -7 
M -75 



M 1 



Obverse 



Reverse 



In name of the Bilbilitani (struck at Bilbilis). 



Young male head r., wearing necklace 
and slight draperj ; poor style; behind, 
p" ; in front, dolphin downwards ; 
border of dots. 



P behind. 



F\^F['[^$ (above ex. line) 

Similar type ; poor style ; border of 
dots. 



n in inscr. 
[Plate xcvi[. 8.] 



In name of the Bilbilitani, with the Segidenses (struck at Bilbilis). 



A\ (behind) 

Young male head r. with slight drapery ; 
in front, dolphin upwards ; border of 
dots. 



Similar to Nos. 2f., bat of better style; 
plain border. 



In name of the Dajjanitani (struck at Damania). 



Similar ; but behind, X 



Xf OhJrt (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; same border. 



DISTRICT or SEGOBRIGA 

Cli-ai 204—154 B.C. 

Denarius 

In name of the Segobbigenses (strack at Segobriga). 



Young male head r., wearing necklace; 
behind, crescent ; beneath neck, M ; 
border of dots. 



MbXrOr<f (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; same border. 



^ off coin. 
[Plate xcvii. 9.] 

Asses 
In name of the SegOiXTIEnses, with the Laxtenses (struck at Segontia). 



r* F* A'5 (behind, downwards) 

Similar type; in front, dolphin down- 
wards ; border of dots. 



MPX4J[>$ (above ex. line) 
Similar type ; same border. 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



63S 



No. 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



165 



145 
130-5 



119-5 



63-1 



143 



M 1 



M 1-05 
M -95 



^ -85 



M -7 



M -96 



Obverse 



Revp;bse 



In name of the Segobriqensbs (struck at Segobriga). 

Similar to No. 1. 



Similar type ; beneatli neck, M ; behind, 
palm ; in front, dolphin downwards ; 
border of dots. 



Circa 154—133 B.C. 
Asses 

Struck at Segobeiga. 



Similar ; but no letter ; dolphin upwards ; 
style inferior. 



SEGOBRIG[A] Similartype; border 
of dots. 

insor. beneath ; no ex. line. 

inscr. in ex. 



DISTRICT OF CARTHAGO NOVA 

Circa 214—204 B.C. 
Semis 

In name of the Sethitani (struck at Carthago Nova). 



Young male head r., wearing necklace ; 
behind, lioness (?) upwards; border of 
dots. 



M E; /^ r^-^ F" (above ex. hne) 

Horse with loose rein, galloping r. ; 
plain border. 



[Plate xcvii. 10.] 

Circa 204—154 B.C. 

De nariuB 

In name of the Conteebienses, with the Caeabacensbs (struck at Carabaca). 



A9PA (behind, downwards) 
Similar type ; same border. 



Xh'ePrO (in ex.) 

Helmeted horseman, galloping r., with 
spear couched ; plain border. 



[Plate xcvii. 11.] 



Asses 

In name of the Conteebienses, with the Cakabacenses (struck at Carabaca). 
Similar to No. 2, with (f 1 Similar to No. 2, with 9 

4 M 2 



636 



SPAIISI" 



No. 



8 

9 

10 



Weight 



156 



J33-.J 
120-5 
112-5 



61-4 



556 



Metal 
Size 



JE -85 



293 


JE 1-2 


287-5 


M 1-15 


249-5 


JE 1-15 



M 
M 

aE 



-95 
•85 

-85 



^l -8 



Al -8 



Obverse 



Reverse 



111 name of the Contestani, "vvitli the Gallenses (struck at Illici). 



Young male head r., wearing necklace; 
behind, $f^ ; in front, dolphin do-wn- 
wards ; plain border. 



XM<2><X^ (in ex.) 

Hel meted horseman, prancing r., with 
spear couched ; plain border. 



In name of the Setiiitani (struck at Carthago Xova) 



Young male bead r., -\vearirig necklace; 
behind, downwards, fv]^; iu front, 
dolphin upwards; border of dots. 



M^/^r^P (in ex.) 

Helmeted horseman galloping r., hold- 
ing palm over r. shoulder; plain border. 



Cirrd 154 — 133 B.C. 

Asses 

In name of the Sethitaxi (struck at Carthago Nova). 

Similar to Nos. 2 f . ; but poorer style. 



Young male head r., wearing necklace ; 
before and behind, dolphin, upwards; 
border of dots. 



DISTRICT OF ACCI 

In name of the Igloetes, or Iglonenses (struck at Acci). 

Circa 204—154 B.C. 

Denarii 



Young male head r., wearing necklace; 
border of dots. 



Inscr. in ex. Helmeted horseman gallop- 
ing 1., with flying chlamys; carries 
shield on 1. arm, and leads spare horse 
with r. hand ; plain border. 



[PCATE xcvii. 12.] 



HISPANIA CITEBJOE 



637 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obveess 


Reverse 








Asses 








Similai-. 


rA^o^'$l<^' (mex.) 

Helmeted horseman, prancing 1. ; carry- 
ing round shield and couched spear ; 
plain border. 


3 


358-6 


JE 1-3 








• 




[Plate xcvii. 13.] 








Similar type 1., of poor style; iii fi;oTit, 
caduceus ; behind, dolphin np-wards ; 
border of dots. 


Similar ; style poor. 


4 


270-5 


JE 1-35 


Similar to No. 3. 


Similar to No. 3 ; no ex, line. 


5 


214 


M 1-1 












Circa 154—133 B.C. 








As 








Similar to No. 3 ; behind, dolphin. 


rAr-O^KM (in ex.) 

Similar type ; same border. 


6 


134-5 


JE 1 












Semis 








Yonng male head r. ; behind, dolphin 
npwai-ds ; in front, 5 ; border of dots. 


Horse -walking 1. ; above, crescent up- 
. -wards (containing star ?) ; in ex., traces 
of Iberian legend ; border of dots. 


7 


55-5 


AH -7 












DISTEICT OP CASTULO 








Circa 204—154 B.C. 








Asses 








In name of the Castulonenses (struck at Castulo). 








Young male head r., diademed; slight 
drapery about neck ; border of dots. 


AM<:>r* (in ex.) 

Sphinx advancing slowly r. ; above 
raised foreleg, star; bet-ween forelegs, 
txj ; border of dots. 


1 


477 


M 1-3 







638 



SPAIN 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Oevekse 


Eeveese 








Similar. 


Similar, with Q ; but nothing between 
forelegs. 


2 


278 


M 1-2 




border plain. 


3 


253-5 


M 1-2 


in front, human hand. 


border obscure. 


4 


251 


M 1-02 


»5 )5 


border of dots. 








1 i 

[Plate xcvii. 14.] j 

1 1 


5 


301 


m 1-1 


in front, crescent, horns r. 


border off coin. 








In name of the Ilibeeitani (struck at Iliberis). 


6 


300 


M 1-2 


Bust of bearded ■warrior r., wearing' close- 
fitting helmet ; in front, palm ; border 
of dots. 


P f^ A 9 P 9 (around , from r. , upwards) 
Triskeles, with human face in centre ; 
border of dots. 








[Plate xcvii. 15.] 








Semisses 








In name of the Castulonenses (struck at Castulo). 








Similar to Nos. 1 ff. 


At*\(Dl-i (in ex.) * 

Bull standing r., looking to front; 
above, crescent, with horns upwards ; 
in front, letter ; border of dots. 


7 


224 


M -95 




no letter visible. 


8 


175 


M -95 




M 


9 


168 


M 95 


in front, dolphin downwards. 
Similar. 


5) 

Similar ; position of letter varying. 


10 


83-5 


JE -75 


in front, palm-branch. 


in front, /^' 








[Plate xcvii. 16.] 


11 


81 


.E -75 


in front, palm-branch. 


no letter visible. 


12 


98 


.^ -85 


1) )) 


)» )) 


13 


68 


^ -7 


in front, /X 


to 1. of crescent, L 


14 


58 


^ -7 


* Usually c 


" !) !) 

>fi' the Jlan. 



HISPANIA CITERIOR 



639 



No. 



15 



16 
17 

18 



Weight 



Metal 
Size 



336 



.E 11 



222 
173 
153-5 



M -5 

M -85 
.E -85 



19* : 273 



M 1-2 



Obverse 



Reverse 



Circa 154—133 B.C. 

As 

In name of the Ilibeeitani and Castulonenses (struck at Iliberis). 

Young male head r. ; border of dots. [Fl^] A9P CM HJ[^] 

(from 1., downwards) 
Sphinx advancing slowly r. 

no border visible. 



Sem.isses 
In name of the Castulonenses (struck at Castulo). 



Young male head r., lauv. ; around, fi'om 
1., downwards, CN VOC-ST-F; 

border of dots. 



AAn©!^* (m ex.) 

Ball, standing r., looking to front ; 
above, crescent, with horns upwai'ds ; 
above and to r., downwards, CN 
FVL•C^F; border of dots. 



Circa 80—72 B.c.(?) 

As 

Struck at Castulo. 



Similar type ; around, from 1., down- 
wards, SACAL [ISCER] ; border 
of dots. 



CAST (to r., upwards) 

Sphinx advancing slowly r. ; in ex., 
SOCED; border of dots. 



[Plate xcvii. 17.] 



* The interpretation of the legends on this coin remains much where it was left by 
Bokhel : ' Solum CAST corjnitam habet causam. Relic[ua vocaiula velut toticlem aenijmata 
Sxjliiiix videtur ipsa proposuisse.' {D.N.Y., i., p. 44.) 



640 



SPAIN 



No. 



6 

7 



Weigh'i' 



192 

207 



153-5 



194 



147 



129 
177 



Metal 
Size 



^ 1-1 
M M 



M 1-1 



M 1-05 



^ 11 



M 1-1 

m 1-1 



Obverse 



Ekverse 



C— LATIN COINAGE 

This includes, in the first place, certain classes of coins idticli, though struclc in the 

Second and First Centuries B.C., do not belong either to the llomano-lherian series 

proper or to its temporary revival during the Seriorian loar. Emporiae 

and Saguntum were allowed to issue bronze money after 133 B.C., 

'when minting was forbidden elsewhere in tlie province. 

EMPORIAE 

Bronze 
After circa 133 B.C. 



Female head r., -wearing crested helmet 
and necklace ; border of dots. 



countermark, D • D 



Similar ; style later. 



EMPOR (above ex. line.) 

Pegasos flying r. ; border of dots. 



countermark, D : D 

[Plato xcvii. 18.] 



E/nPORIT (above dotted ex. line) 
Pegasos flying r. ; above, wreath ; 
boi'der of dots. 



[Plate xcvii. 19.] 



Similar type of later style ; around, from 
beneath, towards r., magistrates' names; 
border of dots. 



Q CC ATC OC A[] 



[QC] NCGRLCF 



Similar, with EAAPORI; ex. line plain. 



[Plate xcvii. 20.] 



Similar ; but names wholly in. front. 
M QH L A F D 
[L]M|^PCQ 



Similar, with EA\POR 



HTSPANIA CITERIOR 



641 



No. 


Weight 


Mktal 
SiZB 


Obverse 


Reverse 








OSCA* 








Silver 








Circa 39 B.C. 








The foUoioing is reallij a Roman coin, struch by Cn. Domiiius Calduvs at Osca, 

on his subjugation of the Cerretani. The Oho. is closely imitated 

from the Romano-Iberian denarii. 








Denarius 


1 


611 


.R -75 


OSCA (behind, downwards) 

Male head r., bearded, wearing neck- 
lace ; border of dots. 


Sacrificial implements (simpulum, sprin- 
kler, axe, and apex) ; around, from 
beneath, towards r., DOM -COS- 
ITER -IMP; border of dots. 








[Plate xcvil 21.] 








VALENTIA 








Bronze 








Circa 138 B.C. 








Valentia luas a ' colonia 'founded in 138 B.C. by the consid Decimus Junius Brntus. 
The following was probably issued soon afterwards. 


1 


239-5 


^ 1-2 


Head of Roma r., wearing necklace, and 
winged helmet; around, from 1., down- 
wards, TAHITF LTRtNl L. 
F- Q ; border of dots. 


\ALE NTIA (beneath) 

Cornucopiae and thunderbolt, in sal- 
tire ; all within wreath. 




• 




During the last years of the Republic one or two cities in Hispania Citerior 

we're alloioed to mini bronze. The privilege was extended further under 

Augustus and Tiberius. In some cases it was continued under 

Caligula. After his reign it was finally withdrawn. j 








BILBILIS 








Augustus 








AVGVSTVS DIVIF- 

(from r., upwards) 
Head of Augustas r., laur. 


BILBILIS (in ex.) 

Horseman galloping r., thrusting down- 
wards witb spear held in r. 


1 


184 


M 11 


Similar, with head of eagle r. as counter- 
mark. 


Similar ; but spear held at rest. 


2 


152 


JE 1-05 


(No. 2 is pierced.) 
* For coins straok at Osca under Augustus and Tiberius, see infra, p. 631. 










4n 



642 



SPAIN 



No. 


Weight 


Metal 
Size 


Obveese 


Revebse 








AVGVSTVS Dl VI F PATER PA 
TRIAE (from r., upwards) 
Head of Augustus r., laur. 


/A/A/GVSTABILBILIS_ (above) 

Wreath, in centre of -wliicb ll-VIR; 
beneath, magistrates' names. 


3 


211-5 


M 1-2 


Similar. 


LCORCALDO LSEA\P RVILO 

Similar. 


4 


123-5 


JE 1 


Similar, -witli PATRI/E 


MSEMPTIBERI LLICIV\RO 

AVA/GVSTA-BILBILIS (above) 
Thunderbolt upright; to 1. and r., 
II V 1 R ; beneath, magistrates' names. 


5 


116-5 


M -8 




L COR C PR\n 








CAESARAUGUSTA 








Augustus 


1 


187 


M 1-15 


AVGVSTV